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The District Ledger 1913-09-27

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Industrial Unity is .Strength..
'$* y
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Vv .The Official Orgamof District No. 18, U.- M. W. of A.
M   I486
Political Unity is Victory.
THE NANAIMO
TODAY
'Miners' Counsel Id- Arrested
j   The latest 'development of the^ Island'situatioa goes to provve:what.we'
have always asserted, that the capitalist will attack each and all-In his attempt to defeat,the' worker,'and the
arrests of'counsel for the defence'of
miners*on a miserable" trumped up
charge of picketing is only another instance of the attempts of 'Bowser and
'' the coal operators to defeat the' union
miners at'any price.   Nothing is "loo
debasing,* mean, or contemptable" for
,this hypocritical bunch of law and or-
,der gentry.-  We -cut  the  following
,from The! Vancouver Sun:
;''.;'-'The. latest bombshell, in the Nanaimo situation came with sensational
'-suddenness "yesterday" evening  with
.'the'arrest, of "Mr. Israel I. Rubinowitz,
a- prominent Vancouver lawyer, magistrate for Richmond, and Rhodes scholar,' by special constables in- .Nanaimo
,on a charge of watching, following besetting and intimidating workmen.   ■
-     "Mr. Rubinowitz was (recently retained by the" miners' defense committee
"to,handle their case.s*arising out-of
■ the recent strike riots and^went'to
sNaiialmp .yesterday to. acquaint him-
,'self with''local conditions.    He, was
walking  through fthe streets  of  the
Coal City this .'afternoon,' under -the
fguldance of two men, when nrreked
by half a dozen special constables and
, thrown into prison, after being refused-bail.       . > ■      '-' ,      ,      ...;.■,
^ -"-Thek first news'of ,thV, arrest was
• quickly, followed, by a.telegram from
-the accused to Tke*Sun,'Which reads
—"ooyf ullu WS ;■"•■,*■ .-.    -      ,        ^ ,'■'"
"'Having been  retained, by  the'
. miners' .defense  committee, I was
•   passing through the public-streets'
under J;he guidance of two men In
order to acquaint myself with the
', locality.of the riots. .'To my pro-
''} - found alilfeoment'il washifresl'e'd. by
." six'special"constables, publicly in-
- " suited, humiliated and''subjected,.'to
- '    grosBcsVlndlgnities.   it appears that
., I am charged with watching, following, ■ besetting    and    intimidating
; workmen, I never saw nor spoke to
r any worlmien, and the  charge is
■' false,. ..malicious and  preposterous,
■The magistrate refuses mo bail, and
I am nojyln jail liko a criminal.'
"Wr. Rubinowitz ls a CormervtitUv,
ois have given as a practical'proof of
their recognition, that an Injury to one
is the concern, of all.   • y   ;
iMr. Lowney will.visit sbme bf the
camps in East Kootenay and explain
the importance of aid being given to
the men, women and children of Calumet. . He will' be accompanied by J.
W. Bennett..-The latter individual will
make a tour through District 6 W. F.
of <M., soliciting.' subscriptions and
speaking on behalf of those who have
been so tyrannically' treated by the
copper magnates of the Eastern
States.  ,  . •
TOM MANN SPEAKS OUT
TRADES CONGRESS
A   OF CANADA
" • * i___ 0
Montreal Delegates Discuss Island Strike & Resent
Employment of MilWa-Crothers Scored
\ WINDSOR, ' Ont.,- Sept." 22.—Tom
Mann, the English labor,,- , r, left
the speakers' platform in the Windsor
Athletic Club in disgust last night, as.
John IL ' Mason, president of the
Trades and Labor,Council, sang "God
Save the King." Slason's song followed a revolutionary speech by l.yvn, in
,which he ' characterized laws as the
work of-"dirty" governments, derided
Uie church; belittled the King of Britain and defied the Canadian police to
arrest him for his inflaniruatory utterances,' Mann was invited to speal? .to
working men'of Windson by the unions ef the city. Ha was especially bitter towards politicians , and' governments, who, he declared, were controlled by the capitalistic class.
- ."What about. King George?" asked a
voice.  •   •,   ^.' ;■',■■■    >    ,
"Your pebple'-over here," replied
Mann, "place too much importance in
King George.' He-is not-of as much
importance..as the president of the
United States,, .the Czar of Russia,
or the Emperor -.of Germany. lie has
nothing'to do'with ruling the country.
"The capitalists rule these nations,
and there'is.no. reasoh for it. The
workingmep have more power if they
wanted" to; exert it,' than all these
politicians. ' Give us.' a two weeks'
strike on^ the. railroads, with all employees joining solidly«ln the strike,
and the'1 King's army- could not Jbuijd
"a^aTifoardT"^ y /j* •_ 7', - "
It was immediately, after this utterance'that Chairman Mason mounted
the, platform' and attempted to mako
a more ,,conservative * appeal to^ the
audience and mollify some of the utterance's of th'e'speaker of the even-
itieXX -'-"x* .— •;■; "■
, It was' during the singing of the
national anthem that Mann left'tho
stage.      ■
c MONTREAL, Que., Sept. 22.—Some
three hundred and twenty delegates
from the various trade unions and la-
,oor organizations in Canada assembled here today for their twenty-ninth
annual" convention. - They were welcomed by.the mayor of the city and
Commissioner Ainey and the secretary-treasurer .of the Montreal Trades
and Labor Council, J. T. Poster.
."For the first time in the history of
the convention there was an official
fraternal delegate from Great Britain
present, in the person of Will Thorpe,''
a" member of the British house'of commons and a prominent/labor^ader in
Great Britain. ■    jt' "\ '/'
The opening session was-'devoted'tpj
addresses of ■.welcome."-' ,{i     ,
,*\<
VETERAN LAKE8SAIL0R
FALLS,HEIR TO FORTUNE
Charles Rowe Accidentally Finds That
$50,000 Fortune Awaits Him in
London, Ont.
- "NANAIMO, Sept. 23,—Mr. Israel
•I. Rubinowitz, rotnined by tho miners
to represent them in the riot chnrges,
was arrostod near No. ,1 mino todiy,
togother. with two other men who
wore showing him around Nanaimo.
One of these' Is Mr." W, A. Moore, a
prominent Socialist. ■ ■
^According to tho story told'by the
police, tho only Information obtainable, Mr; Itnblnowltz and his companions are hold on a.charge of picketing.
Tho pollco declare that tho group was
■ wntchlng tlio workmen, ns thoy camo
from tho mino, and that tho men wero
nsked thoir names by the chief of tho
special constnblos on duty in tho vicinity, Tlio acousod would give the
interrogator no Information wliatovcr,
and thoy woro Immediately arrested
and tnken to tho pollco station,
."Mr. Rubinowitz mado an application for ball, which was rofusod, and
will roipaln In Jail until tomorrow,
when tlio ciibo will como up nt tho
morning session."
DULUTH, Minn., .Sept. 25.—Sailing
and down the lakes on freighters, callousing his. hands wltlThard labor ln
the bunkers and on the docks, while a
fortune of $50,000 awaited him In Lon-
don, Ontarin, Is the q,\poi'ienco of
Charles Howe, for thirty years a lako
seaman, well known to longshoremen.
The fortune, known as tho Rispln
ostate, was loft him by a rolatlvo,
John Rlspln, at one time a Bailor.
■Rowe, working on tho kkes, happened to pick up an old London no,ws-
paper and noticed tho advertisement
of tho administrators. - Ho leaves today to olalm tho legacy/
MONTREAL,", Sept. -.,24.—T.he three
hundred "and  fifty delegates of the
Trades aiid Labor.'Gbngress of Canada
at', the Auditorium''hall-this morning
got through^ more , business   in   just
over  an hour. than',, ttiey had accomplished   ib.* the" previous " two  days
They dealt'with resolutions from the
different unions affecting'a variety of
subjects, 'and"without .exception  endorsed them all. They'also listened to
a .brief address from President-W. J.
Klrby, of - the International 'Brother-'
hood of Carpenters and Joiners, ,^'ho
told them < tha t their opportunities for,
worlc in Canada "were.unlimited. "You
have scarcely started," he said^'and
«!£iXSy_Jj§§n-pace^vitlLiy-our^countr-v-!
"yovu'are going to have'one, of-the
greatest organizations in the'"-world.
You'".of the east do not ^realize, the
possibilities'• of Canada's • great-, west,
and you cannot put in too much time,
monejr or work in the district."   •,
..A.sjjecJ5i,U9QIi:im^^e ^'a*3 appointed
to deaV*wuh all -matters affecting-the
immigration laws.   • -
'. Telegram Sent
■The   followiug .telegram   was   dispatched to George Pettlgrew, who is ]
In jail at Nanaimo in. connection with
the Vancouver Island coal strike:
"The Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada. ,ln convention assembled'- in
the city of -Montreal extonds the1 sincere regret bf 345 delegates representing 80,000 wage'workei'B directly and
135,000 indirectly, one fraternal delegate from the British Trades Union
Congress representing 3,2150,000 wage
workers of the United Kingdom, nnd
ono fraternal delegate from ths American Federation of Labor representing 2,040,000 wage workers of tho
United States, because of your imprisonment In the. jail at Nanaimo, B, C.
as a defender of tho rights of tho
working clasH prevents your attan:!
Jt was., resolved to hear addresses*^
from the fraternal delegates tomorrow
morning and elect the officers on-Friday afternoon.
, T. W. Crothers,Is Attacked by
Leader
. Both the Canadian senate and the
minister of labor, Hon..T. W, Crothers,
came in forf a share, of criticism at the
hands of speakers,' the latter being
|Topenly moused of Working in the interests'of employers as against those
of the laboring -men. v
'•The attack on the minister of labor
was, the result-of pn outline- of the
British , Columbia; miners strike,
brought up in the,morning session by
J., W.-Wilkinson, bf Vancouver, representing the,'American Federation
of- Labor..-.'It,again;came up in the af-
FIVE HUNDRED MEN
JOIN THE UNION
CITY POLICE
CAR  8TEALING  AT GOAL CREEK
Ing this convention ns ix duly elaciod
delegate. ■ '*'*      ■ '   "
STRIKE SITUATION
IN MICHIGAN
J, W. Gannett Starts Campnlan Pro.
paganda
J. C. Lownoy, a mombor of thn Distriot lOxoontlvo of tho Wostorn Foci oration of Miners wichod Fornlo on
Thursday morning, having Just como
away from tho strlko that Ih in pro-
grass In (ha Michigan coppor region.
Tho situation In that oantorn stato
Is ono of,ffmv!ty* an tho wholo powers
of tho coppor barons nnd thoir nllton
aro arrayed against tho workors in
, ^tliolr BtrilRirlft for hnttnr rvmillMnn*
Ono of tho foaturos that stands out
(itiitiiy U Um Bpioniiid atutudo taken
by tho women who not only stand
shoulder to shoulder with Ihelr men
folks, sympntliotlonlly sponklng, but
aro also ont and About onrly In tha
This flRht, although far away ftco^
graphically, Is qulto clone at hand
from' an economic, viewpoint and nono
rocognlzo this moro roadlly tlwn tho
, wago workors of Quito, Mont. -Thoy
not only havo donated largo sums of
monoy hy official nmiArtsmont, but voluntarily aireoii to *lv« ono shift's
vtrkos each month nx Inns' t\'n thin
Btrlko continues. J. If. Walker, president of llllnnlt U. M. W. of A., is ac-
tlvely «nta«ed In aiding the copptr
mino workers In thoir efforts to l«aa«n
thoir mlsory and ponury. Ono hundred
thousand dollars <• the Moslblo sub*
ncrfptfon that tlw coal uilu«» of IM»-
' Maglfltrato Bums had boforo lilm on
Thursilny- last a serious charRo of car
stealing an'd the Individual convicted, I
ono Nick Rvanuk, found that ho had a I
flno and cost account of ovor $00 Imposed, or tho option of 30 days,   Tho I
facts of tho cauo nro as follows:
Accusod was met by n digger, John ■
Qoachor, coming from his placo and
tho lattor onqnlrod whothor Rvanulc
was "coming out." Upon receiving tho
tiBsuranoo thnt ho wiib (lonelier wont
ahead, but ns acctiBod did not follow,
bocamo suspicious and votiirnod hy a
clroiimvoiitiiroiiB route to IiIh- placo
and thoro noticed ncounoil tnmpnrlng
with a car loft ln his (Gnaohor's)
placo. Calling a driver namotl Doimall
Mltcholl, ho told him his suspicions
nnd upon Inspection It waH found that
tho chocks on oars had boon tnnipornd
with, Information was laid with pit
boRS and chockwolghman, and accuser!
was arrostod and sontoncod as stntot1
above.    ,
Whon tliBuo miserable pllforors real
Ico that stoallng ono car may monr
paying a ftno equal to 00, It may not
as a dotorront. To antral tn thi-lr
•senso ot manhood or justice Is abmird
;u:il itlivu uiuii ui uticli uitiiUUi U'tigOiV
orncy nro found who will tako tbo ver)
eilstonce from n brother worker then
wo know of no ponnlty too sovoro to
Inflict.
"Wo also tender our best wlshos for
your triumph over the powers against
which the United Mine Workers of
America aro fighting, and express tho
hope that hoth you and your' Im-
pt'lBoned comrades will ho allowed
that freedom which tho doapotlc ruling olaaa has temporarily and forcibly
talion from you.
"(Signed. j, 0. Watnru, prosldont;
P, M. Draper, secretary; 'Fred Bancroft, v(c(> proBldent,"
Against Armed Men
Tho congress rosolvod to uso lis
powor to ffot oiiactod a bill which will
mako It unlawful for Individuals, corporations or associations to employ
nrmod mon on their promises for nny
purpose.
I Touching on tho -mnttflr of pickets
nnd pollco attitude toward thorn, the
dologatoa roRotvod to bring prosaurn
to bonr on tnuiilclpalltlos to glvo as
fair a monsuro'of protection to tho
piokots as thoy do to iho otluir old-
sons and that thoir actions bo of a
peaceful Instead of a wiirllho nnturo,
'ternoon, in" the slurfte of a resolution
At the,conclusion of the reading or'tne
resolution'"irwa's ssid that there was
one point in- connec ;ion with it so important that'it-w-as unfortunate tbat
the minister of labof was not present.
Mr. CrothersMt'.Was said, had made
the trip to" Vancouver Island during
the strike and "on'the vray back had
made certain statenUnt's to the press
which had been at" variance with the
truth.   '      A- x'   \
R. H. Ri'gg/ of'Wjinnipeg, reviewed
Mr. Wilkinson's ' statement of - the
morning session, concerning how. 61
miners had been brought*, from Durham, England,^, by the-Canadian Colliers;-Hmitedr'thrWg!r7tn^-agency~of
the .Cosmopolitan employment bureau,
We had heard in .Winnipeg that there,
was, something wrong, on Vancouver
Island and he took ,lhe. miners to the.
immigration officer; in' his city, who,
however, could do; nothing. He had
then advised th'e'ininefs to continue to
Vancouver, where, they would-at least
be taken caro of.by the United Mine
Workers, -      X  ' *
Rlgg Denounces Act
Then   the Hon. Mr, Crothers hnd
com6 out to look Into the situation,
On his way back he had stopped in
Winnipeg.
Mr. Rlgg had called on him' in his
hotol, and was Introduced by' the
minister of 'labor to some -friends as
"the individual who had laid hold of
those miners and inculcated In them
tho spirit of .dlscontont, thereby causing thorn to become a charge on tho
community.",' , .
"That," ■ shouted Mr. Rlgg, "la the
type of man you have for minister of
labor, who-'nt first Impressed the
unloiifl ns being a fair-mined pevson
in IiIb dealings. But hore we have
him with tho nvn'slc off, not .concerned
with tho actions of men who brought
those minors to Canada under.false
pretences, but concerned with ridiculing tho man .who la making efforts
to havo tho country kept as doan as
possible of his work."
■W.' R. Trotter, wostorn Canada' or-
ganlsser, reported a tottil ot f,?A 'local
unions In western Canada, of which
•IB0 wero affiliated with tho union and
71 wero not,
CHARLESTON, W. Va., Sept. 25.—
Organizer S. O. Johnson, of the United
Mine Workors,of America, returned to
Charleston ' last night from Logan
county, where he organized Dobra and
Spruce Bend, two of the four mines on
the Little Coal river;1 the employees at
which had not theretofore been affiliated with the miners' union. This
leaves only Blair ,and Thomas yet un-,
organized, and it is the belief that
theso, mines will have been organized
by the end of anbther month. Thia organization at Dobra and Spruce Bend
affects, directly'or indirectly, over 150
men, the greater number of whom are
men of families, employed at the two
places!   '
Both places have solid organizations. After the formation of the union at Dobra a body of miners, 100 to
150 in number, marched to Spruce
Bend, held a meeting and called on
their fellow workers to come into the
union. The response Avas immediate
and unanimous, and at the. close of the
meeting- the new organization was
feady^for business.
- . -o
Colored Preacher Helped
It had long been thought impossible to organize Dobra, ana some resistance was,expected at Spruce Bend.
JUie^orJv.,h_o_wev^r,-was-aeeompIi3hed
without serious handicap, aiid Organ-'
izer Johnson is receiving much*congratulation. He says he was materially aided by Rev. J. W^Garland, a'col-
ored minister, who urged the negroes
employed in the mines to band themselves together with their fello.w,. employees of the white-face for mutual
well-being. He followed Johnson .with
an address at the Spruce Bend meeting.
The city bastile aud police force
have been very busy during tbe past
week and there were 31 beuoith the
shelter of Its paternal roof ou the HSrd.
The charges this week have been
both many and varied. Tony Polcush,
charged under the Vagrancy Act, paid
$5.00 and costs.
J. Pota'chi and -Mike PIcarra were
fined $4.00 or four days for discharging fire arms within the city limits.
John and .Martin Kosick, charged
with being drunk and disorderly, were
fined $10.00 pd,costs.
ArthurcRose, for being drunk aud
disorderly, paid ?C.OO and $2.00 for
damage done. '
James Markham was charged under the railway act and fined $7.00 or
15. days.
Diga Singh, charged, with being
drunk and disorderly, was let off on
payment of costs and $3.00 for repairs
to shoes.
Eugene Piola, charged with .being
drunk and disorderly, had the option
of $12.00 or twenty days.   Fine paid.
.J. L. Handley, charged with indecency and' drunk and disorderly, paid
$10.00 and costs or fifteen days on the
first charge,' and $7.00 and costs on
the second charge. The magistrate recommended that he be depo'rted.
J. T. Bone, charged under section
229 of the Amended o Criminal Code,
was fined $30.00 and costs or forty
days- and also recommended for deportation.
George Eddy, under same section of
act, which refers to "frequenting," was
fined $25.00 and. costs or thirty days.
■Fred Cox, against whom a similar
charge was preferred, was also fined
$25.00 or,, thirty days.
John Higham paid $5,00 and costs
with the option of twenty days, and II.
Simpson suffered asi'milar penalty for
being drunk and disorderly.
Fred Jones, charged, under secdon
l^oUi^hrlminal^oderfobstrufttiTig-j
police in execution of their-duty) paid
$10,00 and costs. .   ' - ,
S. COLORADO
MINERS QUIT
WORK
DENVER, Sept. 23.—The coal miners' strike in Colorado, called by the
United Mine Workers of America to
secure recognition of the union, wage
and other concessions, became effective at 8 o'clock this morning. Except
in a' few small mines,- the tie-up was
more or less complete, and was accomplished without disorder: Of the,10,-
000 to 12,000 men usually employed.-
reports placed the number idle at between 7,000 and 9,000. How many of
tliese had previously left the various
camps could not be' determined.'..
United Mine Workers officials ex-,
press gratification and- predicted that
the tie-up would be completely night.
Some of the large operators said that
their private reports showed as high!
as 55 per cent, of men at work In
some mines. They express the belief ■
that many of the men would be at
work in a few days.
The chief points at issue are: Recognition of the union, checkweigh-
men chosen by the miners,,wage scaic
based on tonnage rates, eight-hour day
for all classes of labor, pay -for dead
work, aud abolition of the guard sys-,
tern.
MOSES BARITZ DELIVERS
POWERFUL, LECTURE
THE HAWAIIAN SERENADERS
AT THE GRAND
NOTICE S. P. OF C.
Moses Barltz will, speak at the
Grand Theatre on Sunday evening at
7.30. Tho subject will be "The French
Revolution."
Comrades! thero will bo a special
business meeting held ■ at tho new
headquarters on Sunday afternoon at
3 o'clock. All mombors nro'requeatod
to attend,
TO CORRESPONDENTS
ACCIDENTS  AT-COAL CREEK
We regret that several Items of correspondence have been unavoidably
held over owing to late arrival, Correspondents are asked, whenever possible, to forward all communications
not later than Thursday.
•A spoclnl train wiib roqulsltlonod to
convoy nn Italian Inboror omployod In
tho timber yard to hospital. We un-
.lorstnnil the unfortnnato follow wna
riding a trip of' tlmbor and tho car
slipped hack and lm stnyod with /It,
Whon found undor Iho debris, ho wns
sufforlng from broken ltnoo nop nnd
briilBos to tho head nnd body.
Johnny Shlvlt?!, driver In 1 East
Minn, was kicked In thn Bolnr ploxun
on Mondny afternoon hy a horso,
which put the wind nut of his Halls for
Homo tlmo,
Frank Zllmnn hnd his foot crushed
by a fall of coal on Monday.
BRO. LA8SALLE BENEFIT
Tho following ia a list of returns
from salo of tickets In connection with
above: '
Socrotnry IlillcreBt Local  $10,00
Socrotnry Tloavor MIiiob Local,    15.00
Socrotnry Tabor Locnl       fi.lfi
Secretary Colomnn Local     fi.OO
Secretary Diamond City Local.     R.OO
Secretary Carbondnlo Locnl  ..    5^00
Caaamlrs LnsBiillo  100,00
Secretary Mlchol Local     10.H0
Hncolvod to dato   $151,05
Drawing will tako place in Fernlo
on October 20th In tho IbIb Tli antra
nnd rosiilt will bo publlHhod In Lodger
of Hiitno wook.
. The management of the- Grand inform us that they have secured this
troupe who will-present "A Night in
Hawaii" on Monday and Tuesday. The
performance will start in timo to permit Coal Creek people to catch tho 10
train. We append a cutting from the
Calgary News-Telegram:
"By fnr the best bill that has been
at the Empire in a long time opened
nt that theatre Monday afternoon, The
headllncr would bo hard to surpass as
an attraction, either artistically or
from a scenic .standpoint,' This act
was Allskoy's Hawaiian Soroimders,
presenting "A Night In Hawaii." The
weird and yet vory plotting music was
well rocolved by tho capacity audi-
once, whilo the dancing of the fomnlo
mombors of tho troup was a very enchanting feature. Tho1 vocal and Instrumental renditions of thn male
members could hardly bo Improved
upon, and tlio scenery—espoclnlly at
tlio last—was really romarkablo. Hog-
ular patrons of tho Eniplro would do
woll to tn Ita In this week's show, if for
no other reason than to seo this net.
Mr.  Moses Barltz, -.of Manchester,
England, delivered a most interesting'
lecture  on  Sunday -evening"' entitled .
^Xha_survlyal-of-th«--fktest5u-ff-Wclr-
was forcibly and ably- presented".   Ho1 ""
called' attention   to'*the   world-wide  '
struggles that "are taking place, showing most conclusively that the-battles
being fought between, Labor and Cap-"
ital are class; struggle's,- and that in order to jreach.anaiiidergtaiidljis it was
necosfcary* that -Individuals ^noai'd'^dfo5'"
their own thinking.
Space "forbids us to give as long a
report as we would like,' but on Sunday next hi» subject' will be "The
French Revolution," viewed from a..
working class standpoint. All interested are cordially Invited to attend
and If any questions are to be asked,
either dealing with the immediate subject of the discourse or any kindred
toplQ, thoy will be willingly and courteously answered. Ono pleasing fcaturo
of last Sundny'sunoctlng was a three-
pleco orchestra, which prontiy added
to the evening's entertainment.
Do not miss next Sunday's mooting,
as Rarity, has a powerful grasp of the
subject that hn has undertaken to
speak about.
CHANGES IN THE CO-OPERATIVE
COMPANY'S STAFF AT COLEMAN
DIED
.Huptombor 18, JCIIsa Eastwood, nK-wl
\i'months and 18 days, .Funornl Sept.
19 from Fornlo Annex, Rov, Porloy officiating.
JWffiBRIBIBIHIfl^^ HUSIglUSIBiegBj^^
Last Day to Get on
Voters' List-Oct 6th
At a rocont meeting of tho Wostorn
Canadian Co-oporntlvo Trading Company, Limited, Mr. J. IF. L. WIllcockB
was appointed gcnoral mnnnger of tlm
compuiiy'H dopni'timmUil Htore nt Coin-
man. 'Mr. Willcocks, who for Iho pant
twonty-Hlx yenrs has boen connected
with  tlm co-oporntlvo  movonmnt In
vnrlous parts of thn Old Country and
Ib a inomhnr of tbo fa-oponitlvo fine-
rotnrlPH' AsHonlntlon of England, was
until H'cnntly gfincrnl manager and
nnorotnry of tho Pnlgnton Co-oporntlvo
■Ror-loty, Dnvon,, Kii«lar,d, ono of tho
Inmost co-opnrntlvo sooIoMoh Iu tho
WoHt of England,   Mr. W, Ho^ra han
hoi>n promoted to llm ponltlon nf man-
ngnr of tho grocery department, In the
place of M, F, C\ flronn, who has recently loft to tn Ico up a position In
Knuliiiid.   MIhh .1. Onrbiitt, nf Cnlgary,
Will In tho futuri' take elm rue of tint
dry goods dnpartmonl.  Mr. ('. V. I'aek-
mini, V„ It. 8, A., of Calgary, will eon-
tlnue to look iiffor thn ootiip,iiiy'n financial affairs until tlm eompletlnn nf
tho nt-organlsatlon of thn company undor Min CO-OnernKfr1   Aot-rnol-rMn-n    l .-•
roctmlly passed by thn Albortn Pnrlln-
(i *»'.»(.
THE O. C. FEDERATIONIST
FIERCE FIGHTING
IN DUBLIN STREETS
20,000 Men Now on Strike or Locked
Out In City—Crowd of Ten Thousand Marches 8treets Until They Are
Fought by the Police.
*%v
GUNMEN SHOOT UP OFFICIAL ,
OP CHICAQO PAINTERS' UNION
OHIOAQO, Sept. SB.—Dashing up to
tho hondqunrtors of thO Falntora and
Decorators' District Council No. 14 In
an automobile, four unidontlflod wen
today kicked open tho door nnd began
flidiK ^vulval'* ul litiorgo Cameron,
business agent of tbe union.
Four bullets entered Cameron's
body and he it dying at thn Iroquois
Hospital.
Tha quartet of gunmen fled down a ||
fire escst-e, entered their motor and (
disappeared. ^
Revision Nov. 17th, 1913
The New Act specifies that the List of pet sons claiming to vote
shall be suspended, from and after the first Monday in ApUl and
October of each year, and Court oj Revision held on the third Monday
of May and November oj each year.
P. J. BURNS,
Registrar
Tho llvn wlrn of thr mbor movoment
--has Increased Its »Uo to uIrM pages.
This Is n good Indication or tho vitality of tho lnbor movoment wost, whilo
Its columns luck none of that vivacity
and originality thnt has eharnctorlzed
this publication, from Ils birth. Tho
wnrlror, by nupportlng tUU i.uU'.r a-
j tion. Is maintaining and retaining tho
!mo«t prtuwfn? rnMium of cxpaa-Ioti
: known to civlljiatlon—tho press—and
j a paper through which ho can roly on
obtaining a correct oxpro**!on of tabor
conditions at the coast. We wish the
'Tod." wtiry succesK and trust that ils
reader* will recognize thst they can
help ih p*tHur cou*»l(Ur»V)ly by reciprocity with those tiling Its advertising
columns.
JMJflLIN, Sopt, 22,—Dublin's streotK
woro again the seono flundny of n
flfiht botwoon tlm pollco and strlkors.
Many bauds woru broken. Thirty-five
civilian** ami bcvch of tliu pollco aro
now lu tho hospital* oh tho mult of
Um ciiKURcuiu-iitH, and many othora
woro treated for minor Injuries
Tlio number of mhn In Dublin, olthor
on Htrlko or lockuil out, Is about 20,.
000.   Thoy hnvo many supporters nnd
aro In wlvnpco splrltH.   Iii tho flKhtlnti
Huuilny, thu poll™ usoil thoir, oliihs
ft'ooly, and tlm rioters rctallntnd'wjtb
linuloa and other weapons no -fiercely
tli.it. nm.) of Um mounted for<;o wan
Idioclu'd from IiIh homo nud Hovornly
Injured   mnl '(several   fool   policemen
wero rnrrlod off on stretchers
People Stono Officers
Many Htrlko parade* woro Imlil, thu
jeering   workmen   and   their   allien
i un re lil uk through varlouii pnrtx of tlm
city.   Liberty Hull was converted Into
a  strlko  hnndintarters.    Streot   enrx
nont nold.   Jh>!»i,i'vofl charged ono of
;.'.i' ,„,,,.*.'..-> n.'i.-.i tnupiv Hum (au mdu
Hlreetn  be^un   lo  stoin;  lh'.1  nfflrci'ri.
Several were Injured in thin sVlrmltb.
Tho   crowd,   whioh   now   numbered
10,000,   mndo  Us   way through   tho
Mreef    until   It   v, i   >■,,.»   i...   *.,   i	
form In l'rino'fon street. Tho police
twice etinrged with their batons and
finally succeeded In disposing tho rl-
o'nrs.
Shipload of Food for Dublin Strikers
1/iNboN, Sept, i!t,"-Tho parliamentary commltteo of the Tirades Union
CohMi'iiri vuled today to tonri a shipload of provisions to Dublin for thn
relief of th-e strlkors thorp, many of
whom, with their wives and children,
are on tho verge of starvation. Tho
committee pledged t;5,*W> for this
object and Issued nn nnP**) tn +hf
trades societies to enable it to support
tho Dublin strikers its long as necessary. t.-iyii^rAy:
'■v-J-O-.V
'!?-:.s'rt. vwa  ;-,
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PAGE TWO
THE DISTRIOT LEDGER; FJSRNh!,fB;aC.;SEPTOMBER 27,4913
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in Belgium
•.Whenever the stuuent of economy
attempts to enumerate some of the
wasteful processes of modern civilization, he will invariably be dubbed by
■the shallow-minded as a kickor or dismal pessimist. The consequent loss of
employment ("work," the opposition
call it) to the worker and the economy
effected in production will be used as
arguments , (?) . why such wastes
should not be discontinued. If'the individual will think for just ten seconds—no longer will be required—he
will immediately recognize tha't waste
is the'jresult of ignorance, and any reason for the continuance of such methods is purely hypothetical—or just
bluff.
; With the introduction of steam the
inventors found themselves up against
much the same arguments as the student of economy finds himself today.
Those opposed to steam traction even
argued that the village cobbler would
■ disappear as a result of people not
wearing out so many boots; that cows
at pasture would be disturbed and
milk affected, Indeed no argument
was too extreme dr ludicrous to dissuade the public from travelling by
train.   Now, there is no need to dwell
' upon tho change of conditions and
opinions, remember, conditions change
opinions—tho latter do not, as a rule,
affect the former, but just the reverse,
for which we may be thankful.
We will admit that since the first
day of residence in this part, of Canada the -tremendous wastefulness of
the, coking process here has appalled
us. Reformers will prate about waste
by the worker in drink and other excesses, but seldom or never will this
well-intentioned individual get beyond
this in his analysis.-.
There is no attempt to individualize
or accuse any particular coal company,
for the waste that is going on hourly
in Fernie is happening in hundreds of
other mining camps.
To "estimate the amount of waste occasioned by the presentbeehive method of coking would require a' mathematician of no little ability and even
then his estimate would be ' largely
supposition.'
Can the reader, realize that we have
enough energy, distributing itself in
the atmosphere day after day, to' heat
■this town (or a town twice,or three
times its size), to light every home
and supply every industry with power?
<No, this is not exaggeration.
Here are a few questions for the
steam fitters of the town to answer^
How many houses and hotels could.be
■ supplied with heat and hot water were'
_an _eiglit-inch   pipe ,..(with' sufficient
pressure behind) run through the coke
ovens of the coal company? What
complicated machinery would, ,be required? and what'would the, cost of
upkeep be? ' '        ''
Admitted there may be many technical 'and mechanical difficulties to such
a propositib'p, what would be the saving effected? ,The domestic hot water
system, which Is the bugbear and
droad of every housewife with approaching winter, could be dispensed
with; heaters would not be needed;
dirt and dust would he avoided, In
. fact, we' have possibilities and advan-
■ tapes -here which -excel even those
prairie towns with thehvboasted unlimited supply of natural gas.
' 'Now, whnt wo have suggested ia not
Impossible, neither Is It impracticable.
Som'othlng along these lines has been
introduced In Pacific Coast towns, the
bent from municipal Incinerators being utilized.' '   .
The article glvon below, which Is
clipped from Tho Coal and Coko Operator nnd Fuel Magazine,.will b6 found
particularly Instructive and interesting to thqso who have followed tho byproduct method of coking, and in splto
of opinion to the contrary, we maintain thnt the wastefulness orten attributed to tho worker is tho meanest
gnnt whon compared to tho tremendous waste of tho boohlvo coking process and tho capitalist system generally,—Ed.
By Baron Evence Coppee, Brussels
Abstract of n paper road boforo the
Iron and Stool Institute, Ilrussols,
Itnlglum, Soptombor, 1013,
Slncn tho volatile mattor and coking
powor of coals decreases uh the depth
of working InnrensoH, our enko-makors
hnvo boon compelled (liirlnj? thn tn Rt
fiO years constantly to Improve thoir
.methods of manufucturo ln ordor to bo
ublo to deal HiiccosHfnlly with conlH of
docronslng coking quality. Tho situation, however, will bo considerably
changed for tho hotter ln tho nonr fo-
KM-B.UK
MRS.  A.  SAICH,  of
Cannington Manor, Saik.,
Writes:—"My brother iuf*
| fered severely from eczema,
1 The sores were very exten*
?-..    ..ii       , . ft .     ;  i,
. . Vf     -Mf.W      bM,».iU   tit.*    *WW«*..ft
out ail tlie fire, and qulcVly
save him ease. Within three
weeks of commencing with
[Zam-Buk treatment, every
I tntf Inil hren eured "
Thii U but ens of the many
letters we sre con-ttamly receiving
: from people who hsre proved ths
healing:power* ofZsm-uuk. Fer
I tetrmi, pilci, soref, burns, cuts
and sll skin troubles there li
nothing like this wonderful bshn.
Ko itux dii-uue should be considered incurable until Zees-Bob
has bf en tried. ;'
All Dr.gstilt, SOt. pm But.
/-VaMSslstflMst.
ture, owing to the recent-discovery of
new coal fields in the provinces of
Llmbourg and Hainaut, which are
proved to be rich in gas and coking
coals of good qualfty.
Until"about the middle ofthe last
century coke was made in Belgium in
beehive ovens. It was at this period
that Semet, of Charleroli, and Evence
N. Coppee, my father, introduced the
first ovens which" were heated at the
side and underneath by the gas evolved from the coal during coking. They
were the pioneers of this type of
oven, which marked an important era
in the manufacture of coke. This
method of heating was first of all applied 'to the beehive oven, and later to
retort ovens which were arranged for
mechanically discharging the coke.
Smet's oven with horizontal flues, and
the Coppee oven with vertical flues,
were the prototypes of all the present
types of modern by-product retort
ovens, and were shortly followed by
others, among which I may mention
the IDulalt oven at Charleroi, thc Rex-
roth oven at Saarbruck, and the Creu-
sot oven at Creusbt. °In 1865 Appolt
designed a vertical type of oven which
was also, especially arranged for cok-
Ing'coals'of low« agglutinative power,
but it did not meet with much success.
An early attempt to recover by-products from' cokfl oven gas seems to
have been made at Newcastle-upon-
Tyne about the year 1763; however,
the credit for the first real solution of
the problem an anything like a practical basis must be given to Carves,
who erected a plant in France In 1367.
He encountered many difficulties with
his original.oven, and it was not until
about 1882 that-poking with by-product
recovery can be said to have been
firmly established. About thia time
Eemet-Solvay also introduced his byproduct oven.
Later on modifications were from
time .to time introduced into the design of the Coppee retort oven in order to render it suitable to meet the.
new conditions which had come into
existence, without, however, abandonment of the distinctive characteristics
which had been responsible for-the
successful results hitherto attained.
These successive modificatlons'led up
to the present type of Coppee waste-
heat, by-produet oven . About 85 per
cent, of all the recovery ovens working
and under construction in' Belgium are
of either the Coppee or Semet-Solvay
type. At the present time we have,
tonly about 100 non-recovery ovens in
use, representing about thcee per cent,
of our total coke production, all of
T\.'Vlir>h_liri11 .cnfm.lia.T'flnl a/j*fi*r!_KT,_V»i-_r*iwji=I_
-" "'vU—it iii-uji/u     Kf yj-s. W|J&lt VV.-L*- Uj — WJ *"£/! \J
duct ovens.
In England by-product recovery has
not made as much progress, and I
think that there may be two chief reasons' for this:—
1. The first recovery ovens erected
were by no means as perfect as they
are now, and produced a coke which
was undoubtedly inferior to bee-hive
coke, thus prejudicing ironmasters
against the "pa"tent"~ ovens.
2, On account of difficulties In connection with refractory materials the
early constructors had several unfortunate experiences, resulting In defective working of tho ovens.
In spite of the fact that moat of the
English bricks are capable of resisting
high temperatures equally as woll as
Continental bricks, they have the
great disadvantage of contracting at
high temperatures, thoreby causing
cracks and dislocations in the structure of tho ovens. Tho result Is that
all the leading constructors„ are now
using Belgian or German fire-bricks
for those parts of their ovens which,
nro ln direct contnet with tho hot gns-
oh. English fire-brick, makers havo
not soon thoir way clour to manufac.
turo bricks which will pass tho strln-
gent tests imposed upon them, or
whoro tho quality of tho brlcks*aeomn
tb bo satisfactory their high price ls
prohibitive, English'bricks oxpnnd and
contrnct rapidly, and aro not suited
for by-product coko-ovon construction,
Inasmuch as the contraction would,sot
up cracks and dislocations In tho ovon
structuro, thus allowing direct communication botwoon the coking cham.
bor and tho heating fluoB, with coime-
quont loss of gas and by-products,
Wlthvtho development of tlio gns on-
Klho, for which n good deal of credit
must,bo given to tho HoIkIiiii firm of
John Cocltorlll, a marked stimulus was
given to tho rogonoratlvo ovon which
would furnish a rich surplus gas suitable for uso In gas engines, With tho
Improvements which woro mado In ro-
genemtlvo ovons It wns found that by
pro-boating tlm rilr required for tho
combustion only nbout -10 to 00 por
conl. of tho gas evolved during tho dis-
filiation was nooossary for heating tho
ovens, mid consequently 00 to 40 per
cent, of the gas might bo usnd for
other purpoHCH, I should llko to tako
this opportunity of corroding an or-
ror often mndo when comparing wastn-
boat ond rogonoratlvo ovens. One fro-
, qimntly roads or hoars this question
j spoken of as If thoro woro n gain Iu
I onorgy by using n rogonoratlvo ovon
Instead of a waste-boat ovon;  ns a
,,,..11,,.    ,. f    f„ a I     ,*,*.      ■*,,      - .1       IV.
'   - '   ■ '* -   --■••    .** i * '•' -   •-, -	
fune tn which th" irn« 1* put. Vrrm n
glvon -quantity of conl tho thermal on-
j orgy evolved In tho hot burnt gases of
waste-heat ovons |s greater than that
| ovolvod In the llvu gns from regenerative ovons.   nocnueratlvo ovens- gen-
t-trtiO  n'|it.-,iih*iUrt, l.uiu-1 mi. a ni^fit-r Uilli-
poraturo than waste-hont ovens; and
as tho volumo of brick work Is larger
t In tho former caso tho loss of heat by
radiation   Is  higher  In  regenorntlve
i ovons thnn In waste-heat ovenB. If
we apply the surplus thcrmnl energy
to raUiug Htwirn In -t-.trVi m»n the effect of this will be thnt while waste-
Ucut uvww will iH'Oduui floin 0.;,", lo I
ton of steam per ton of coal coked, re-
aenerntlve ovens coking the name
quality of coal will only produco from
0.6 to 0.7 ton of steam per ton of coal
coked.
It la not economical to put down regenerative ovena for raising stesm ex-
c*|H In special eases where the boilers
cannot be near the ovens, when the
use of hot gases from waste-heat ovens
would be uneconomical owing to heavy
loss of heat by radiation and conduction. If we use the surp-lus gas from
regenerative.ovens in a gas engine the
situation becomes -completely reversed. Although the thermal energy con-,
tained in the burnt gases from waste-
heat ovens is greater than the-energy
contained in the live gas from regenerative ovens, yet the power-produced
by consuming the live gas in. a gas engine is considerably more than tbe-
power produced from boilers heated
by the.hot gas, of waste-heat ovens, because a gas engine has a higher efficiency than the combination of a boiler and steam" engine.
I have prepared diagrams which indicate as nearly as possible the ultimate, distribution of the whole of the
thermal energy contained in the gases
evolved from Waste-heat and regenerative ovens respectively. It is in -this
quostionof power production that the
regenerative ovon has such a great advantage over the waste-heat oven. ', ■
In the Coppee regenerative oven the
side wall contains 30 vertical flues, divided into five groups of six. During
each period of reversal three flues in
each group serve hs combustion flues,
while the hot burnt gases pass down
the remaining three flues, whence
they are conducted under the, sole of
the oven. When the reversal takes
place "the gases traverse each combustion chamber in the opposite direction,
the' flues which previously served as
combustion flues now serving to carry
away the burnt gases arid vice versa.
~ The burnt gases pass from the sole
flue into one or other of two regen-er-1
ators' which pass under the whole
length .of the batterV of ovens. Thus,
during successive periods of half an
hour each regenerator serves alternately to extract the heat from the
gases produced by combustion, and to'
pre-heat the" air to a temperature of
between 1,000 and 1,100 degrees, Cent.
The operation of reversal is simply
effected by a single movement of the
reversing valve and of "the cocks admitting .the gas to the combustion
flues in the side wall. In order to obtain a'uniform temperature alorig the
whole of the side wall the ideal arrangement would be that each rising
flue should alternate with a descending flue; but in practice no difficulty
is found in maintaining, this uniform
temperature by reversing three flues"
at-a time. On the other hand, in certain types of ovens gas' is reversed in
one half of each side wall at a time—
the flues of one half of'the side wall—
J-_e.,_about_15_Jlu'es—Delng-used^flB.
trouble and delay ..and, at the lowest
possible expense; .If the miner dies
his family is certain to get the death
benefit without vquibble or evasion.
The State attends to everything.
- 'Under the( law the Public Service
Commission fixes a ratp/of assessment
on employers not to exceed fl for"each
$100 on the pay., roll. The employer
pays 90 per cent., apl the employee 10
per centof this assessment. In case
of injury .the- employee receives half
pay,, but not more than $8 or less than
$4 a week while unable to work,, and
not more than $150 for medical, nurse
and hospital services. If he is killed
the State pays his funeral expenses,
to not exceed $75, out of the fund. In
addition his widow gets a pension of
$20 a month until she dies or marries
again, and each child gets $5 a month,
until it attains the age at which it can
be lawfully-employed. If there is no
widow nor child under age other dependents may receive not more than
'$20 a month for six years. Benefits
are made exempt from all claims' of
creditors and from any attachment or
execution. '   , '
. The fohowlng from the current bulletin Issued by the State insurance department indicates the value of the
law:
Prom the, numerous cases that have
recently been submitted by policy
holders to this department we are led
to the conclusion that some _of the
health and accident companies doing
business In West Virginia are not
making satisfactory settlements. They
are not only taking improper advantage of' technicalities^ but are falling
to settle when they have not even the
excuse of legitimate doubt,
or otherwise.
technical
THE STRIKERS
SUBMIT THEIR CASE
district; the ^unprovoked shootlnig bf
a,'striker from' behind'-by .the1 militia."
We started.out to prove that there
had heen a regular line of conduct participated iii.by the thugs and militia
that could have but one,of-two-ends
in view, either to intlmldata'meri into
going back to work .without any re-'
dress of grievances, or driving them to
the commission of acts of violence. -
Brutal "as their conduct -.'has been, it
has neither-broken our ranks-nor driven ~us" to .overt acts. ."-From the outrages and'insults, from the„brutal, attacks that have been .made upon us by
thugs and the, militia, we.appeal to
the calm thought and.deliberate' judgment bf the citizens'of our-state, and
the workers of the'entire country.
.We will state briefly for your bene:
fit, what our demands are, and believe
that you will see that not simply a
part of them, but all should be conceded.
•" First—A minimum wage of not les3
than threo dollars per day for all underground workers."
.Second—An increase. of thirty-five
cents per day for all surface workers.'
Third—The eight-hour day for underground workers, which is already
obtained in every other copper producing section of North America.
Fourth—The .employment of two
men on all machines.
•Fifth—The recognition of the union,
giving to the workers the same right
to speak through their representatives
that the stockholders nave.
•We appeal to the toilers of the country to come to our assistance, morally
and .financially in maintaining the
rights of labor against the despotic actions of, the state and county govern-
ments^ and the brutality, of corporations, grown drunk and -arrogant with
power-
(From the Miners' Bulletin)
Citizens of Michigan,' Workers of
America. .We have presented a part
of the evidence in our case. We set
out to prove by- undisputed evidence
the murder of strikers by the thug's,
outrages upon strikers, by 1 both soldiers and thugs,'outrages and insults
to women, and brutality generally on
the part of-the soldiers in the copper
NEW 2EALANDER, HERE, PRAISES
I.C. S. FOR SUCCESS IN LIFE
On Way to San Francisco Garnet B.
•' Holmes -Stops 'Off'--In * Scranton to'
Seethe Schools'to Which He Owes
So Much.'-    v'.' - "" "
Garnet B.'.Holmes', of 'Wellington,
New Zealand, i njan^blgin the'world
of',electrical engineering, is in,Scran-
ton. In an interview he told ah iri;
terestlng story of himself and' sajd
that the International Correspondence
Schools should be.credited-with,his'
success! .'. '■ ,   ■ '.   'y     ■ y
He Was a locomotive engineer when
he first heard of the I. C. S.^He was
interested iA electricity and he took
the I.- 'C. S. course in electrical engin-1
eering. He soon got Into business foi-
himself and was a- success. Leaving
his home in New Zealand he went to
London, where he again set up in business and placed on tlie, market a new'
trolley wheel. It was a big Improvement on the old wheel and it was not
long before his patent was adopted by
practically every trolley line ln England, '- ',
■ Some weeks ago he came to this
country £o try and Interest American
capital in nnother of his inventions—
a carbon remover. The remover is
looked upon-as the greatest thing of
its kina ever patented. It can be used
in removing the carbon from cylinders
of machines-without taking the motor
apart and in this way saves a big expenditure in time, and ■ money.    Mr.
WORLD'S COAL PRODUCTION
The world's annual production of
coal and petroleum amounts, Mr,
Churchill states iii'.a printed reply, to
about f,250,000,000 metric .tons, of
which coal represents 96 per cent, and
petroleum 4 per cent.
Holmes has al^ady interested ionsii.-''<,
erabl'e. NeV Y*w*k and Cleveland cap-".v-
Ital in th*. pat^t.-*- N '        ' -        '■ '*;
*\    A-s     Win Gallon Foster.,      -y'%
Mr. Holmes Mends to call on President T. J," Foster.vbf the I.' C. S., today.   .
He wants to' pay a vi&it-to the institution which haS made him the successful man'he is.  He is very much,inter-- -
ested ,in-.the" psw agricultural ."-course  „-
the I. C.-.S. is 0°on to put out, ■ ''Hesays.'"
his father is 6-°^ of the commissioners
of. agriculture '*t New' Zealand and-he
expects that-^e cbmiuissJonerg win  ll
investigate' th® new' I,' C. S, course
with a" view to Hutting it into the agri-   ,
cultural collets in -New..- Zealand. \* ,x
Mr. Holmes Will'remain in'the city  .
for a 1'ew,,dayKand will then begin, a t
tour of San fr-ancisco' by automobile.,
He will-spend somp'tline on the -Pacific coast and WU1 then go on to New
Zealand to vl8lt his bid home.—The
Scranton Tfmf-s.    '   ■*_ •' •. ~
DAMAGES Ct-AIMEO FOR
' ALLIED CAR SHORTAGE  .
Attorneys for the B, & B. Coal Company, Peoria, Ul., have filed a" suit '
against the- I'Uuois Central Railway
Company in  Which, damages to the,.
amounrof $3°.000 are claimed. 'The1
suit grew out of tbe aile&d failure of
the railroad company to supply carp to
the plaintiff at' the Barclay min*?s. The
progress of the case will be' watched
with great'interest,'1'br it may estab-'-
lish a precept of interest to coal
shippers. *, -      ,   , „
-.I"**
The Percentage
of Exploitation
combustion flues, while those of the
other half lead away the burnt gases.
This arrangement is. certainly less
arrangement is certainly less' suitable
than the one that I have just described, as it results in a less regular heating of the oven, necessitating a greater consumption of gas, and diminishing the percentar/ of gas which may
be available for power production.
' Owing to the greater regularity of
heating a regenerative oven will coke
about 5 Sir cent, more coal In a given
tlmo than a waste-heat oven of the
samo size. Jn the Solvay recuperative
oven the cold air circulates in the regenerator in an opposite direction to
the hot gases, which give up their heat
to the air'by conduction through'a thin
wall. This recuporatlve Bystem is thus
continuous. In the Solvay recuperative
oven the burnt gases, on leaving tho
solo flue, pass through the recuperator
In a double, horizontal circuit; The horizontal flues are formed of specially
ehapod bricks having small vertical
passages, in which the -air is heated
by conduction. . Tho air ascenas
through tho recuperator in an opposite
direction to tho hot gnsos, and roaches the gas humors by vortical chimneys managed at both onds of the pio-
droit of tho ovons.
Boforo using tho surplus gns from
regonerntlvo ovonB for powor production In gas engines a certain amount
of chemical purification ls necessary,
Tlio porcontago of sulphur contnlnod
In tho gas ovolvod from tho ovens In
fairly hlph; and although a lnrgo-proportion of this Is removed during tho
process of recovering tho by-product
tho nmount of sulphur contnlnod In
tlio so-callod "clean" gas Is too high
for tho gas to bn usod In engines with-
out further purification. Tho purification Is carried out by passing tho gns
through a hnttory of oxldo purlflors;
but It Is not necessary to enrry thn
elimination of sulphur to tho samo extent nH ln Rns Intended for lighting
purposes. From certain ronent observations which havo boon mado with
roBpecl, tn'thn Offect of sulphur on tho
cylinders of gns,engines It would appear lhat the corroslvo effect Is duo
moro to condensation In tho cylinder,
produced by variation In tho lond, thari
to tho prosonco of Bulphiir.—Tho Coal
nnd Coko Oporator,
(To be continued.)
COAL COMPANIES TO TAKE
ADVANTAGE OF, WORKMEN'S
COMPENSATION ACT
'*",   ££,' ■&fr'.*.^ng*J^30&ty'T*EgHM t?*tllVf^S49{l9t*t.-99n4mri99'9949»4)9m~9iiKm9**.'
W't.<-»4---«*^*-M------»*4<M-^---^.-0-|^^ ,
Wont Vl-pr,!nln1'- T^iilill*^ Otivvlftt* e*.«.
mission report* that 302 eonl mlnlnir
companies, enploylng tt'iM-i men, or
moro than three-fourths of tho conl
mine employees In the Stato, with
monthly pay rolls aggregating $3,20.1,-
nos, havo filed notico of thoir Inton'tlon
-Ul    l,*l,\;   rt\it A..*«*|t,Vi   *J*   tifC    «U. l.lUli.l A
compensation law enacted «t tlio last
session of tho legislature. This law
wns framed with the Idea of affording
workmen In all Industries reliable life
nnd necident Insurance at the lowest
possible cost. The fact that tho coal
operator* worked hard for thia Uv,
and that they have been prompt to put
lu provisions* lato effect, Judicata! a
practical Interest la the wolfare of
their employees.
Any miner employed by a company
that has taken advantage al the law
who la injured after October I may
now be sure that he and his family
wltt be provided lor, Th* titate wilt
eollaet tb* money and turn tt over td
the beneficiary with tbe least possible
,   ^-*;-f¥.-l(ll*W*""-
By JohriM. Work
, The discussion which has been going on in regard.to the rate of .exploitation Is a very wholesome one. ■ It
ought to result in .fewer,"statements
being made in our press and from our
.T\ln^,nrYTrt_wh!M,_*nQn_K-a_e,!*nn,aea&il1t*,_Q-**<_
J..UV.V. .*& ,.  ,lluu-VUU-|fv,-VUvUUUHLUII*,    «.M~
sailed- by the enemy.
The problem-is not a simple one.
On the contrary,"it is very intricate
and complex.
The solution' cannot he reached by
mere subtraction of one fjgure, from
another.
To tako the amount for which the
manufactured products are sold, and-
deduct the amount of wages paid to
the factory workers, and set down the
balance as the amount of exploitation,
is to reach an utterly illogical conclusion—a conclusion which cannot be
sustained for a moment. ,
There are several factors' which this
nulvo method of reasoning do not take
into consideration—factors on. the enemy's side of the question and factors
on our side.
Let us take the enemy's side first.
The legitimate cost of raw material
Should bo deducted,
Tho legitimate cost of superintendence should be doducted. Salaries are
often padded. And froquontly salaries
aro paid to persons who do not perform any needed function, But, in bo
fnr as salaries aro really earned by
actual necossary service ln tho industrial process, they should be deducted.
Tho cost of new factory buildings
and tho installation of now mnchlnery,
If necessary and bona fide, should bo
deducted,,
-FiU'thormore, tho amount of exploitation Is not to bo taeroly spread ovor
the factory workors. It ls to bo spread
over all tho useful workers. Tako tho
railroad workers, tho teamsters, tho
school toaehers, and many others that
could bo mentioned. They do not work
In the factories. They do not produce
any tangible product which can bo
weighed or monBured. Novorlholess,
thoy aro necessary to tho social process, Thoir pay nocassarlly and legitimately comoB out of tho total pro.
duct of socloty. So do tho othor legitimate expenses connected with their
occupations. The question cannot bo
properly approached from tho standpoint of ono lono group,of workors.
They cannot bo dlvnrcod from tho rest.
All legitimate Industries of society nro
Interested. Thn wliolo social procosB
must bo taken Into consideration.
flo much for tho enemy's sido,
Now lot's take a look at our own.
Having taken all tho useful workers
Into consideration, Instead of moroly
thoso working In tho factories, tho
vriluo of tho product should bo figured
at tho retail prloel'not tho wholesale
price.  This will add many billions of
tlnltnrR to It
Only n fraction of tho total amount
of exploitation takes place in tho pay
envelope,
Tf all the exploitation took place In
tho pay. envelope, It would bo noces-
nary for us to instantly nult kicking
,i ,    i"t    * t.i    1.t>~1,     «-~*ft    f*9   1li»
WS«V'«-k     Utheib*     **-U»lv    M*^1*      k*»rf>**      '■.»-■"*      "•       ■"
Ing. We would have no Iklck coming
on these matters at all.
-But, tho fact Is that a vast amount
of tho exploitation takes placo In these
other ways.
Tho averago worker who baa a family pay* aomftwhero in the nflffbhor-
hood of one-third of bis wages as rent
for an nllccod home.
If ho got It at cost, a be should, it
would probably cost bim ebeot one-
third or one-fourth of what be pays,
Maybe even less than tbat
Tbls Is one of the big forma of exploitation.
lb»i», when he bey* too*., fcWAUU*.
etc., be Is again morelleasly evplolted.
If he got these at coat, ae be abould,
he would get them for a fraction of
what he-pays.
This ;is another big form of exploitation. "
Taking all these things into consideration, it is evident.that the worker
-iff-vni»juii,\,u-Vul-ui.—***UO'**W— UL.—Ul^-r«jUC"
of his labor, "  -       f
>• But it is also evident that itis an Impossibility to arrive accurately at the
definite percentage' of exploitation.
The estimate made by the Socialist
Campaign Book is probably as good as
can be made: It expressly states that
it is only approximate, and it should
be so quoted. ,
The best way to prove that there Is
vast exploitation is to point out the
capitalists who do nothing socially
useful, but who nevertheless possess
great wealth,
Point out the fact that, they have
princely mansions, summer homes, automobiles, yachts, gorgeous clothes,
Jewels, etc., etc.
Point out the fact that they indulge
in elaborate and costly social functions, that they go globe trotting
whenever they feel like it, ete.
These things'show at once that they
possess great wealth. •■      •
Yet they perform no useful social
function.
Whoro, then, do they get this
wonlth? -
'■■Whore, could thoy get It ultimately
oxcopt from the useful?
This provos(-,wlthout the possibility
of successful donlnl, that the percentage of exploitation Is largo,
Tho precise figure Is rolatlvely un-
Important. v
Again, We Bhould novor loso sight of
the fact thnt the workers nro not only
exploited out ot most of tho v*aluo of
thoir labor, but thoy aro also deprived
, of most of tho opportunity to produce,
Slnco capitalism has passed the period of its usefulness, it Ib prodigiously
wasteful.
Uy Its vory nature It does not and
can not utilize tho elements of productivity which would Immaiisoly In-
ero&so tho total product of socloty.
Also, by Hb vory nnturo, It prtvonts
millions of men and women from en*
gaging In productive Industry. It com-
po)n them to expend thoir onorgy In
socially useless labor,
Socialism, of course, will bo the
comploto remorty for this.
tly tho Introduction of rational system In tho IndustrloB, floclnllsm will
not only prevent oxploltatlbn, but It
will nnnble the peoplo as a wholo to
yciduco vastly moro thnn thoy do now,
and at the snmo time have far shorter
work daya.
Tho facts are all against capitalism.
Tho truth Is amply sufficient to kill
It,
No exaggerations aro necessary or
desirable.   They can only Injure us,
,*V U.i-,uii*4-u,tu ttmttl  *Ji   *but4.«U>l*k  IA it*l-
rewsTy rvr fl.».",\TrMi\ Tt cnn only Injure us.
Capitalism Is damned already.
All wo need do In tbls matter it to
point out tho incontrovertible /acts.
Cemetery Notice
Persons .wishing their lots in- Cemetery kept in
good condition for the season, at ^ reasonable
charge, can make arrangements wit& the undersigned.       , - '
THOMSON & MORRISON
Funeral Directors'
Stephen T. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - . '   Alberta
^]ahn^Ar^McDuf^aH^'
FIRE INSURANCE      .
Special Representative    l '-. ) a "
Sun Life Assurance Co. of.O^aJa    ,
.   AiiCijt '   •
Singer Sewing Machine
$2.00 pei month ■   ^
Phone 120 BLAIRMORE- Box 22
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
a**>>M>>aB>--*^aa>a_>>>aia'--->'>MB>>M^/l«H>a.^ff'->^nM
*.*
Best Accommodation In the'; P*e»,—
Up-to-Dote — Every Convenlefice,--
Excellent Cuisine. .
SUITABLE  FOR  LADIE8 AND' QgNTLEMBN   '
0. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BEIA.EVUE, Alto.
$100 Reward, $100
The readon of this paper will b*
p]»t««(l ia l«arn that thoro Is at l*Mt
one dr«nd*Ml iHariMo that »r.lt>nffii na*
b««n abta to cur* In all H« ■(**-*«. and
tlmt Is Catarrh. Hall'a Catarrh Cura la
the only poaltlve cura nnw known to
tha medical rratamlty. Catarrh b-tlnr
a C4n«tttutl4nal dliwaa*, r«"iulv«« a civ.v-
ttitutlonal trtatm«nt. Hall's CMarrh
Cura la taken Internally, actio* directly np-rtn thn* Mo*.! «n<l miinn-w* AiirfVte-
ee or tbe iyi«m, thereby deetroylnif
tha foundation bf tha dlseaee, and glv
In* tha patient atraneth by bulMlna up
the ennetltutlen and aaelettftjr nature la
dolnv tta work.   The proprietor! hay*
en much faith In Ita cure tlve power*
that tbey otter One Hundred foliar*
far any ea«« thai ll fait* t« cure.   ~
fer Mat -af (eetimonlale.
AMnmn; f. .1.
-tfl.fi, ontrt.
riYnjtnr # <v>,, r-ir
RftM by all nntmriaia. Vie.
Takti mil's Family nits for consti
pation
T
A Snap
Two Acres iii
WEST
FERNIE
fr» «3)
$soo«oo or
$ i <nnn
YCsi**!*
Me Ae Ka.sttxet*
i
Real Estate and Insurance
Fertile* - B* CU
&
Sat;
.-■9^49^^ i*_*99 -|r   .. ^   |n ^*.'^li*.-:s-':.'<\X\.*:■''.;, ■:*••■•■ •'SAi'-,-   -. >•.- -.,
:-\i\'___7 S'iAs^x^Axx^^:i'''A'-   ?'.•■
^»J'";"^.^»*-'&S£y"^ ~;
SS'-'\-'*g,->:'i.f,-y.'-. .
,     . *?■ - -•'•■*•"■„."•'".
' -•'■' - •'• s   A?-*". •
y^p^A-AA
r\':' \"> -.- -
'■'A,«-.   ,. v",.' "■'■;V-i-'"~/;
»• - - .'■■ si-
;V. i •
-. 2%-~£&£ r - 'i
■. \ .' --Ji '-.4, 0,_ -V
■*■»'V- ..-VA-' ;,.','
\ * -.,'•*•».-.!;■ t j
:- J.''-*^'".'.',!".
--".v-   ■"*   .O
■ t >-,<-.■*:.-•;  ■
.;•/•
-   i^iabiis^drA^ril 1899 '„• \:'.
  M. JN^AmL
Wholesale and Retail   ToBdcCOnist
■A J { T-
BARBER   SHOP
Baths and Shoe Shine
BILLIARD ROOM
and LUNCH COUNTER
Our Coffee is Good
155 WALDORF
Mrs. S. Jennings, Prop.
L. A. Mills, Manager
Excellent Cuisine — American and
European Plan — Electric Light —
Hot & Cold Water—Sample Rooms
Phbnes—Special Rates by the month
'European Plan Room Rates
50c. and Upwards
American Plan Rates
(2.00 por Day
WHY
were tho FIRST PRIZE and tho QOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC?
Because they are THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, M-snagsr
PHONE 41
Thomson & Morrison
Funeral Directors Fernie, B. C
: &ocal Agents
Order* taken tttrou*bout th* Pom
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. 0., SEFFEMBER^i 1913
PAGE THREE
"i        '  l<    ¥.* J-"-*- <!fc,"ri
,I» preparation for the special" convention of District No. 15, many meet
ings were held throughout the District;
A mass meeting of the Fremont
County miners was held September
12th at Rockvale, Colorado;' International Vice President Hayes was'the
principal speaker of the-evening,, the
miners from all camps; led by their
bands, marching to the to^n hall at
Rockvale; each' member of the band
tene'e .throughout his entire speech,
ancl at the close of the meeting the
applause continued until every miner
present was exhausted. After the meeting a parade was led by the Welsen-
burg band, followed by twelve hundred
and fifty miners in the streets of Walsenburg, At 6.30 o'clock in the even-
ing; Vice President Hayes and National Organizers .left Walsenburg for
Trinidad,   where   Mother Jones   ad-
S h!f «lCaP 1nd lamPl and they  dressed a-meeting under the auspices
S? or6 = ^Sl™?^*' °? »* **"" ™" - ^r A,
neared the town hall where Vice President Hayes was stationed, the band'
played: "All Hail to our Chief."
When the members, pf the local unions outside of Rockville arrived at the
town hall, it was impossible for all, to
be accommodated with even'standing
room, and-the meeting was adjourned
from the hall to meet on the streets of
Rockvale.     A   number   of   transfer
wagons served as band stand and plat-
form for the-speakers.   Fully fifteen
hundred   miners. and   their   families
were in attendance; the meeting opened wlth'Brother Thomas Scott singing,
the "Colorado Strike Song,'/ President
McLennan and the writer spoke a few
minutes and were followed by Vice
President -Hayes, who spoke for one I
hour.   His remarks were well recelv-
ed, and, Judging from the way the miners applauded his declaration that the
United Mine Workers would not cease
campaign agitation in District No. 15
until every mine "worker was a''member ofN the organization, demonstrated
that the miners bf Fremont County are
very much alive to the need of the organization if the miners would receive
justice at the hands of the coal operators. ' , " " 0
On Sunday, September 14th, a mass
meeting of the miners of El Paso
County,was held, at which the work of
completing the organization in that
county was' successfully carried out
by International Board Member Paul
J. Paulson, Dan O'Leary and Louis
Tikes; assisted by the officers of the
local union.
On Sunday morning a large meeting
was held on the prairie near Ludlow;
the. meeting.was attended by. miners
from every camp within'the radius ot
ten miles; for two and one half hours
miners'stood in the hot sun, vigorously applauding every, assertion made by
the speakers pertaining to the determination of the national union to organize this district. Board Member
John R."-Lawson and Adolph Germer
were the principal speakers at this
meeting; about.a dozen Baldwin-Felts
jdete.ctiyes_w_ere,In,at_tendance-as-wel!
as a stenographer who recorded all the
speeches, presumably for the purpose
of taking extracts therefrom for publication .with the Intention of,making
it appear that the advice given the
miners was anything but proper.'.,
•At two o'clock Sunday„afternoon a
monstrous mass meeting was "held in
Walsenburg. President McLennan and
Vice President Hayes addressed . the
meeting, speaking for one hour and
forty-flvo minutes, and the audience
burst forth in applause at every sen-
sembly. ■ This meeting was held in the
West Opera House,   Hundreds were
turned away owing to the lack of seating capacity in that large theatre. Vice
President Hayes spoke for fifteen or
twenty minutes, then gave way to Mother Jones', who, in her able and eloquent manner, held the audience Bpell
bound for,, two hours, after wliich Jthe
choir  of  striking  miners from   the
northern fields of Colorado, w;ho had
been brought to Trinidad for the purpose, entertained the audience ttith
several songs, among which were "The
Colorado  Strike   Song,"  "When   the
Strike is Over the Thugs Will Leave
the State," "Stick to Your Union."  -
On Monday morning the special convention of District No. 15 convened.
At 10.00 o'clock the delegates formed
.a parade and, led by a band, marched
through the business streets of Trinidad.   Immediately following the band
was the choir of striking miners from
the northern coal fields, and between
selections by the band, they sang appropriate   songs   along   t'he  line   of
march to the convention hall, ,
When the credential committee's report was read, It showed two hundred
and forty-two delegates from the
mines of southern Colorado. To these
were added the National and District
Organizers and Officers, making a total of two hundred and, eighty-aeven
delegates. The choir opened and closed all sessions of the convention with
appropriate songs, and much credit is
due Mr, Sidney Davis, leader, for his
splendid services.
The first day's session was taken up
with -the. credential committee's report, and the appointing of committees, after, which.delegates from all
mines in the State made known their
grievances to the convention.. This
continued until 3.30 o'clock on the second day of the convention, at the close
of which the following telegram and
reply were read:
-,   "Pueblo, Colo., Sept. 10th, 1913.
"Ther officials, delegates and resolution committee of the convention of
 the_TJnited^Mine_VVorkers,-Trinidadr
Colo.   -   ' ; -.-.."
"Fully realizing the effect a coal
strike would have In throwing out of
employment-thousands of other union
men employed In so many other trades
depending entirely on the use of coal
for existence and,,realizing the widespread suffering that would certainly
follow a coal strike, we appeal to the
good judgment of the officials and del-
egates to consider also the welfare of
the general public which would suffer
Immeasurably by a strike in the coal
industry and we are joined by the
daily and weekly newspapers in southern Colorado which reflect the gener-
arsentlment of tha people ln urgently
askings that you deliberate your actions carefully and conscientiously
aure of the justification of your plans
if you expect the support and co-operation of the press and public, and that
a strike not be called but tbat the provisions of the new mining law be given
an opportunity to bring desired results
in behalf of the coal miners, which the
■provisions of this law certainly guarantee and for which we respectfully
ask your earnest consideration, pledging our aid for its enforcement. ■
" "THE PUEBLO STAR JOURNAL.'.'
Trinidad, Cola, Sept. 16th, 1913.
"Pueblo Star Journal,
,   "Pueblo, Colo.
"Your telegram received. Replying,
wish to say we have been trying to
prevent a coal strike for the past several years, The coal operators have
Ignored all our invitations to settle
our differences peacefully in a joint
conference. -Our people have been exploited and enslaved for years. We
now demand justice, and we can never
secure It without the;union. When the
operators refuse to meet us there is no
way to settle our grievances peacefully, which we would like to do.
"We suggest you appeal to the operators as well as the miners. The operators can avert a strike If they want
to. We have tried without success. It
is time for the press to protest against
the brutal tyranny and oppression existing in Colorado coal mines.
"E. L. OOYLE,
"Secretary District 15, U. M. W. of A."
Mother Jones then addressed the
convention. Her every utterance was
greeted with hearty and long applause.
When she had finished it was easily to
be seen pictured on the face of every
delegate an absolute determination to
go forth with the battle for the recognition of the union at any and all cost.
- National -Board Member Lawson,
as chairman of the scale' and policy
committee, read the committee's report, which was adopted unanimously
amid cheers and cries of "STRIKE!
STRIKE! STRIKE!" .
- The demands are: A scale of wages
based on that of District No. 22, recognition of the union, ten per cent, increase of tonnage rates and scale of
coke oven workers,'eight,hour day for
ah employees, pay for dead work,
right to employ checkweighman, right
to trade at other than company stores
and to choose boarding place, a voice
Art-i hp_f.mn1nvm*aTif-nf-o.i1on( r.*.J_n*.>ll*i*.ii.
abolition of tbe guard system. ""
The date set for the strike is Tues-
day, September 23rd. Unless all demands have been granted by that day,
or a-joint convention .had, every miner in the State of Colorado will'- lay
down his tools.
The convention then adjourned amid
song and cheers, every delegate an-
nounclng himself a committee of one
to work diligently on behalf of .the organization until victory Is assured.
E. L. DOYLE.
PSEUDO PATRIOTISM
Doubtless, the Chinamen, the'Japs,
the men Imported from the dives of
the cities in the United States, must
have answered to the patriotic rallying cry of the Vancouver Island subsidized press, "Canada,for the Canadians; we want no Foreign Unions."
In the meantime, the Canadian
working class, the njen who have
made their homes on the Island, whose
well-being makes for the permanent
prosperity of every useful citizen
there, have by bitter experiences discovered the need of organization;
have found, to their cost, that merely
local organizations were only too easily defeated by the international oper-
ators; and, from necessity, have made
ufc their minds that if they would save
themselves from being brought down
to the standard of living of the Orientals they must ally themselves with
an organization jgreat enough to cope
with the thoroughly organized employers.
The International Union did not
come into existence inrough the plans
of any Individual or group of labor officials.
A. F. of L.
*
Convention Call
Washington, D. C, Sept. 10.
To AH Affiliated Unions—Greeting:
You. are hereby ' notified that, In
pursuance to tho constitution of tho
American Federation of Labor, the
Tlilrty-Tliird Annual Convontlon of
tho Amorlcan Federation of Lnbor
will be held at Eagles' Hall for nt another hall which the oxocutlvo council may later select), beginning at 10
o'clock Monday morning, Novombor
10, 1913, and will contlnuo In sosRlon
from day to day until tho business of
tho convention has been completed. *
Representation
Hoprosontatlon in tho convention
will bo on tho following buBls: From
national or International unions, (or
loss than 4,000 mombors, ono dolo.
gnto; 4,(il)0 or moro, two dologatos;
8,000 or moro, throo delegates; 10,000
or more, four doIegainH; 32,000 or
moro, flvo dologntos; 04,000 or moro,
six dolosntoH! 128,000 or moro, seven
dclogntpg, and bo on; nml from cen.
trnl bodlflB and Stato fodorntloiiH, nnd
from locnl trado unions not having n
national or International union, und
from foilonil labor unlono, ono delo-
-K.ltO.
Orgrmlzntloiifl to bo ontltlod to ro-
pr«ft<<ntntinn rntmt hnvo obtnlnod n ofr-
tlflciitK of affiliation (chnrtnr) nt li-ust
one month prior to tlm ronvnntlnn;
Mild no II-.THOH will lu* xtscnvnliptl tin a
(IoIpriiIo who Ih not n monilinr In khoiI
Bf.indlnf? of tho orginlsmllojl lie la
filpnt-Ml to roprcnont.
Only honn fido wnno workorn, who
nro nol imtmliiTH of, or ollKllilo Io
memlini'iililti In oilier triulii iiiiIoiih, urn
moro offoctuully than over, a better
duy ln the lives arid homos of the tollers, to derend and mnlntain by ovory
honorable moans In our powor tho
right to organize for our common defense and advancement, for tho exorcise of our normal -iuul constitutional
activities to protoct and promote tho
rights and interests of tho workors;
and to assort nt any risk tho freedom
of Bpooch and of tho press and tho
oqunl rights boforo wio law of oyory
worker With ovory other citizen, Theso
nnd other great questions of equal Importance will, of nocesBlty, occupy tho
attention ot tho Soattlo convontlon.
Therefore tho Importance of our
movo'mont, tho duty of tho hour and
for tho future, demand that ovory organization ontltlod to representation
shall send Its full quota of dologatOH
to tlio Seattle convontlon, November
'10, 1013.
Do not allow favoritism to Influence
you In 'HoloctlnK your delegates. Ho
fully represented.
■Ho roproBPiitod by your ablest, lioHt,
most pxporliMiPoil und faithful mom-
hiM'H.    „
Credential!
f'rodohtlnltt in clti|ilU<nte urn for-
wnrdoil to nil nfflllntod unions, The
(ii'Ijrlnnl crodcritlalH nni»t in* rIvpii to
tlio dol-pffiite-flpct and tlio duplicate
forwarded to thn Aninrlnun Fodrrn-
Hun of Lnbor. Kuloftofr (1 Strpot
NorthwpBt. Washington, n. (',
Grievances
Uiulu' llm law no «rloviiuciin cjin In*
rmir.MojT.1  by  (ln»  convent Ion  which
plan:  Single, $1,00 to $2.00 per day;
double, $U0 to $3.00 per day.
Rerkcl Hotel—European plan: Single., $1.00 to ?2,r»0 per day; double.
¥1.30 to J3.0O per day.
King Hotel—European plan: Single,
¥1.00 to ¥U0; double, ¥1.30 to ¥2.00
per dny.
Arlington Hotel—European plan:
Single, 73 cents to ¥2.00 per day; double, $1.30 to ¥3,00 por day.
Diller Hotel—European plan: Sin-
glo, 73 cents to ¥2.00 per day; double,
¥1.30 to $3.00 per day,
American Hotel—European plan:
Single, ¥1.00 per dny; double, $1.30 to
¥2.00 por dny. -
Wlngflold Hotel—European plun:
Single, ¥1.00 peri day; double, 11.30
|>or day. i
Uheln Hotel—European plan: Single, 73 conts to ¥1.30 per dny; doublo,
¥1.00 to ¥2,00 per day.
Radon Ilotol—European plnn: Sin-
«]», 11.00 to ¥2.00 per day; doublo,
¥1.50 to fS.GO per dny.   '
Rltz Hotol—Europnnn plnn: Single,
¥1.00 to ¥1.30 por day; doublo, ¥1.50 to
¥2.00 por day.
IteHorvatlons in any of tlio nbovo
hotels Bhould bo mndo by addressing
Mr. ChnH. W, Doyle, of tlio'eommlttoo
on arrangements, Labor Tomplo, Seat-
tlo, Wash.
Headquarters of oxocutlvo council
will bo nt Now Richmond Hotol. nr
nt some otlior hotol which tho nxoeii.
live council may later (loBlgiiittii.
Df'IPiMtoH Hhould notify ('., \\', noyjp
In u il vn ii cu of thu tlmo of thoir arrival
lu Heuttlo, mtd over which road t)icy
will travel,
If li.-vrc l*e any fiinlmr Information
regnrdliiB tlio convention, or this ar-
Like every Institution of any magnitude, it ls the result of evolution;
It is the conscious attempt of the
group to adjust itself to changed and
changing environments.
In the early days or the coal industry, when the miheB were owned by
men in comparatively modest circumstances; who generally managed the
one or two workings,, they owned;
came In touch, personally, with each
and all of their employees; most of
them old miners, who understood the
wants of their men, a local informal
organization of the employees of each
mine could protect themselves from
any unfair exactions on the part of
any individual employer.
The ownership of nearly all the
mines, in this and every land, has
passed from the Individual to the great
corporation.
Stocks, and bonds, representing
shares in ownership of such corporations are bought and sold on all the
stock exchanges In every civilized
country.   ,
Stocks representing shares of ownership in mines In Canada or the United States are bought by Investors In
every land. In other instances, a group
of moneyed men in the United States
own practically all the shares in a
Canadian mine, or group of mines;
German or Italian financiers control
sufficient shares to dominate mines in
the United States. Great corporations
in every land own or .control the mines
in several different countries. In short,
ownership in all the great industries
has become International.
And, of course, it follows that all
personal relations between the own-
-ers-arid-the-workerTh^vgTreenelimin
ated. A hired manager, .working under
directors selected by the stockholders,
is placed in charge, and the tenure of
his position,depends on the percentage
of profits he Is able to maintain.
The local organizations of the work
ers could not cope with,these great, In-
ternatlonally owned corporations. The
international labor union i3 the natural result; the Impotence of local organizations against great aggregations of
capital naturally suggested, affiliations
with the workers In the same Industry
who had to meet like conditions.
We can not Imagine what tho "Pseu-
do Patriots" of Canada, who are crying
out against the International Union,
hopo to gain by degrading their fellow
countrymen to the level of the Orientals, or forcing them from thoir homes
on tho Island to make room for the
Chinaman, tho Jap or Hindoo. The
only reward we can think they hopo
to reap is a temporary pecuniary reward; the present favors of tho com-
pnnles -'which hope to profit hy tho
elimination of all organisation among
tho workors.
Tho appoal'to patriotism Is rldlcul-
oiia, considering tho fact thai it Is thn
Cnnadinn whom thoy would oust or do-
grade, to tho vast profit of a corporation whoso only Interest. In their vicinity Is denuding It of.tho natural ro-
sourcoH. leaving behind ns llttlo remuneration ns thoy possibly'can; tlio
individual owners of tho stock or tho
corporation wcattorcd ovor the earth,
most of them knowing llttlo of, nnd
caring less for, the section of tho
country from which thoir dividends
nro dorlfod.
power to cope with it in all. That, our
government is yet to. acquire, and its
acquisition stands first among. our
political needs. The Democracy of the
future must stand firm on the cornerstones of the Initiative, Referendum
and Recall.
As the slave owners of yore cunningly confused their special privilege'
with "States' right," ,so do their,modern exemplars confuse their special
privileges with property rights. While
the man whose heart bleeds for an
outraged humanity denounces "capitalism," the smug monopolist and exploiter prates of the heritage of civilization
and the sacred rights of private property. What wonder that the voters
stand confused:
Never was nation more ln need of
courageous and far-seeing statesmen:
Men who know the truth and hesitate
not to speak and write it. Men who
can recognizo ■ the abuse of govern- '
mental powers to gratify private
greed, and fearlessly expose it." Men
who can trace the relation between
the plutocrat who gets without earn-
ing that which the toiling masses earn
without getting. Verily the supreme
test of democracy is at hand.—Christopher Gallup in The Public. ^
"Let us talk about why we who-produce nothing are rich, while those who
produce everything are poor," said the
Gentleman.
"It isn't true," said the Statistician.
"Nor new," said the Historian.
"Nor pleasant," said the Lady.
"Nor profitable," said the Clergyman. .  ,
"Nor nothing," said the Politician.
"It may foster discontent," said the
President, "and alienate-pahem—support from our institution. Let u_s discuss a subject agreeable to us alP-eh?
—The Drink Evil Among the Lower
Classes.'" — The (Scotland) Border
Counties Young Liberal.
PROPERTY RIGHTS VER8U8
8PIZCIAL PRIVILEGE
Fifty yotirs ngo LIiIh nation wiib on-
gngod In n mighty struggle to preserve
tho Integrity or Its government, Kor
dncadoR previously, n paltry minority
of »lavo holdorn hnd hold a groat nn-
Hon nt buy. thwarting the will of millions of votnrHi Convinced ut length
that, their "peculiar liiRtltiitlon" wns
no Inngnr Beoiirv, thoy deliberately
preelpltntPd one of the blnnillont con-
fllriH In lilhtory. The fiiiiduiiieiitnl Ih-
Htio of chattel shivery waH cleverly
confiiHeil wilh "Slates' HHiK" nml nn-
thlnl(li?K men thereby driven In flijht
Mij.poRedly l(i ilcfeusn of ihelr homes,
ruiiKeiiiciiiH  .'or   the   cunvonlonro   of i in     .r i ,    ,
llm d..|e«0tPH, It will be communion*.| n,rt ' ,llfJ" sllrvlvi"1 ''""l H,',v"r>' w-'«
oil In i\ Inter eiu-ulur, or through the!
American rnderutlotilHl,
iiliolliilieij," not,   however,   liy
tlffr.i"t»r« men" tin <'(.'nMf*-(l M Ip-i-i
two wpekn previous to the convention
nnd their nntues forwarded to, thn secretary of Hit, Amerlciin Federation of
Lnbor Immediately after their election.
Di'h'Kdli'H ,'ii-c net -cntlMc.l to yi'sttt*
ill   Ulli   ('Mivt'lilMill   ll'illtrtrt   me   lav   nt
their orgnnlftttlnns hns been kept in
full to Boptsmhor .10, nm.
It Is. of rours-o, entirely unnecex-
sary here to pnumnrnto the Imminent
important -subjects with which our
forthcoming convention will roneern
llw»if, but, ihe remirnler h not nt nil
amlt* that every effort, rntint lm m-ide
to lnii.eioi un* I miii nnd meuna inr
the orgunlxatlon nf tho yut ttnorsan-
lw»d worker*, to itrlvc to bring aIivi*
eligible im delegates from federal l.v1l,;" Itttsn decided by n previous con-
. i,»
... '       I,       **,   r.t     ,,i..    4KKtun.m:ii-
'lt\Mne   nf   !'..>   c-npullvf.   (-'ei'vll     "i ■•
will   nnv   grlevnnrn   bo   pnimld-nrnd
where ihe parties theroto lmvo not
il.i-iii.ii:hii.-. iiidVHjiiiil) hull! conference
.md utti'iupied to mljiiHt tho diimo.
Railroad Halt*
i nn iii -i i.iii-n ni' ciiiiii) hccurn from
the   rallrondM   nro   ttio ' regular   All-
Veir   Tourist   fares,   In   ronncctlon
wiih which tlckj'tn hour return limit
"f nine month from ds»o of mile, the
following fares fwhlch do not Include
rnst of Rleeper)  applying toHeattl
.Mnt  rii'nn
fflTt-t en pr.ituirtinnatft fcitilf) hclnn: au. I
HAM'L (iOMl'KltS. 1'nrnlilnni.
AtleHt—I'MIANK MOUHIHOV.
Heerelnry.
i i
.r»tii(.-.>   i f, ..., ,*.,,,   i  ..    , H.\*   | |t'|4,
.Tollff   M'"'.   ')   .'; il   VJ" («  Pres.'   ■
.I.YiliP<i MVf.-rnK'li   '!nl \'trt> l»re«.
F)  A, Haven. MM Vice Prea,
Wm. D. I Milter, r.ih Vice I'rea,
li.-'    T,"   V ,'■ -■'!■ -•    i"'l,  V1„-. T-   ■■
John It. Alpine, Till Vice Pre*.    '
H. H. Perlurn, Vth Vice Preo.
,tnhn 11. Lonnmi, Trcn.-urer.
Kxcrutlve (V-iinrll A. l-\ of 1„
PerrctarlpR   will   jtli-.-ne   re.nl   this
call nt  first meeting of their orgniil-
*'t»lnn   l.ntiar nru) refn.-'ii pren nfc.i-»n
irem   lue  points uumt.il,  <,0liv-
iinlerly
I pro-ens   of   Kovcrnmeiit,   Inil   |»y   the
1 edict of n mllllriry clilel'lnin, enferfeil
with blood nnd Iron,
How   About   Your
Housework?
Noted doctors have said tWat housework is the' -best form of physical
exercise for women—(for It not only
DEVELOPS but BEAUTIFIES.
The healthy woman ENJOYS her
houseiwork—she takes pleasure In keeping things spick and span—and It costs
her practically no effort to do so—because alle is HEAX.THY..
Are you healthy? Do you find your
housework pleasant and invigorating?
Or do you dread it ibecause you. don't*
feel "just right"?      That "don't feel '
.1 Hftt 1-1 «hf U=ilimHn I trtn -ma w_ M/YT! fra—
worth seeing a doctor about—Jbut It 1s
a .pretty certain indication that you
are suffering from Indigestion, Con-
stipatlon, Biliousness or Dyspepsia.
Next time you don't (feel "just right"
just try 15 drops of Mother Seigel's
Curative Syrup. You'll get relief—
quickly.
England has TESTED and PROVEN,
for over 40 years, its -worth. There It
Is recognized as, a standard remedy.
It is •almost ipurely hetibal—'Nature's
own  remedy for disordered stomach.
Price $1.00.   Trial size 50c. '
You can get Mother Seigel"s Cura-
live Syrup at        ,-•-.■,■
THE McLEAN DRUG & BOOK CO.
FERNIE, ti. C.
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar Knpplie.il with  tho  be«t Winos,
Liquors mul CigavH
DININO  ROOM   IN  CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prip
ShilohXM
\t tmXtf ntnUt Ur Ct«tM •■*-* c«u*t
f*MM» «wtt »» fm!t wnd tfe*t "9 mncfer
'..«-i.*..i '»•-• ...>.<-•• im,nt« inr-ir.-h.viM T,,j, Wf.r)( ,,„,,,, ,>. v;!,;,,., |5)tf.ni;i.
iho I n.t... HiM«! Chip**,, fiOA; 8..;„on8, taf.Mni nt thP rili,,ri, Mine
' -..!.. V'-i: Memphl*. IMftr.Vew Or-   %V.rt»m of Am.*... .■   .l.<-r>lcd fr.r
l..<"   IVlMKV'1-
v.nnla railroad to »tlm->il.tti*. the orgnnl-
vi;r,». |i:-2: IHHoth, $&0; Ht. IM.,!, $?(0: j an lili^y'Vuk'^;.^
Miiiiie.il>.>,*-.-**.   |.e>;   Omaha,   fJO;   St.
iAf?ii. V^'. K*nM» r.'A-ft ffli; iioiu-
ton, II10; Ran Antonio, fit A.
Hotel TtiXH
Stitf   Richmond   Hotel—Kiiropean
gallon spirit. rrf(ar.'iti«ii. l„rn mronis
flno up tu'.xt IIavvIv [., :i',i'.'.:f' ,t fa M
territory whore the organimi ion hut ft
fallowing.
nnr"*ni» ff thi* <>."(->■ Vt*' I'm "v •
lime In hlmnrv, privite nwnerxliln o*
• lm deilrable portlonH nl the eiirthV
fciirf.ici! Ih in,iciii,iii> <i• inc<»*t• •- lie*
frontier no litiurer nii't-i"* u«\ltmi mnl
orijjoi'liinl. v in Lli.' .uiilil'l'im n.-iiri ili»-
'..11 . r. I it'll     ,t f ,1    nt  ,   I  1. V 11 I   ,   ,|-      l\l- Ml'-
forth lm miii*it make lerm-* with llie
powers thnr lie, or net his h.'ck lo the
wnll and flulit. I»rle«>« nil. .| li!i-'i !-i
d«y have l.anlly yet heRun to ri ;.<. A
Rrent nation, emloweil with Tn.'ii'mnl
«iiffr;i>;e, eoinpiilrory eilnciitleii,  mil i.
|   ,IW|t'i,J .', iu.l    iiiU'llill    U)l   III   Tilt     III-',    ,    1-
proanlntc   under   nmnnmlr   lieml.i,:i>.
( Tlu: ;,ta"i; I.i ;.-.L L,i' ,i ^v.mi,il I'.ii,. ,.
((evolution.
Chattel *l,iver,v wan ene frirm n
*!»ecial prhlfine. TitU'ix In tlm-\ utut.
by a Kovcrnment iffertlvity res.hi'.. '
nlv« to tho will t*t t'te elentornte. r>-,; '
problem inluht have b'^n selved with-1
out Woo*ri*he<t. Hut the power tn'
poacafulty cope with upeclnl nrlvllew
in ono form, would h.ue me.irit the
f.22 RIFLE
Rifles   T
OHUtgUHS
Ammunition
Only High Grade
kept in stock Satisfaction Guaranteed,
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware Furnltiir*
Fernie,     B. C.
mmm "■!■
MM
y-U
S--J.
§:frV
t-a
.4]
V3
H
Ji-
i
il
*
: i
I.
',' -,-- -    s- ,'"-}*■-.'-.-^v.? -.-^r-'',*- -**-y  .,^Z * i.i.'i^^ '-Z '-Jl'.'        [--j.-,  -, ^'"'r*!*^1 J1! iV,'-*'i-* '  '--'"i""' ",-- ~'_t'"^V'.'-"'"]''.''■"".'""'"'''    '"    .'    .     '    . ".   '''j'i'i ""imgi^^P^B
■a:Wka:\':{:?U^
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B: C, SEPTEMBER 27,1013
V'-
i-'*,' 11
Published every Saturday morning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C... Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. .An excellent advertising,
medium. Largest circulation in the District. • Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of. all kinds of book, job and
color work. "Mail orders receive special attention
Address all communications to the District Ledger.
F. H. NEWNHAM   Editor-Manager
Telephone No. 48        Post Office Box No. 380
<UNION|&y)L»BEL'.
~^^^^X
WASTE IN CONNECTION WITH COKE
MANUFACTURE
WASTE  (n).    The act of squandering; the
dissipation of property through wantonness, ambition, extravagance, luxury or neglect:
It is but meet and just, tliat our remarks should
be prefaced by tliis AVebsterian definition of tlie
word, and when the reader lias perused our remarks (if patience permit, we will add) he may
possibly be inclined to supplement this definition
by ''and a desire to secure immediate profits."
It should be understood, however, tbat "while we
may draw comparisons from local conditions, this
is merely done for convenience and this company
is only, one of many offenders. All over this continent the waste to Which we allude is going on
hour after hour'; day after day; week after week.
Waste among the working classes is a favorite
theme with those who, for material reason's, see fit
to, oppose the worker. ' Some even go so far as to
assert that" what they are pleased to term the
thriftlessness of the Avorkers, is responsible for poverty. The brainy bone-heads nevefstop to analyze
what thrift is and how it could affect the capitalist
and worker did the latter attempt to practise it to
the extent they''advocate. Neither do they'ever notice, how far tho wastes of- capitalism affect the
worker.      - ,      -
s ' 9 \
. In another column we deal-with this question,
but its importance is such that' it will bear reiteration. " "~     "     • -, u
When men have occasion to ask-for-an increase
in wages the first question to be considered byj,he
employer is how much can we afford to give and
t still make a profit? Can \v;e raise the selling price
of our production and grant the worker's de-
• mands? Now, understand, the capitalist is controlled by the system to thc same extent as you are.
lie must, if he would remain in business, eliminate
all charitable inclinations; if he cannot sweat an
extra dollar out of you directly he must get it indirectly. The. condition of the labor market may
lie such that he is compelled to grant your demands,
but sooner or later the competition for jobs among
the workers will compel him to take advantage of
these conditions. Now, granted this to be the rule
or the absoluto facts of our present system, there is
another side and that is the wastefulness consequent upon such a system.
The shareholders in the various companies want
an immediate return of capital and insist on this
as a condition for investing. The coal companies
have a market for coke and they erect tho cheapest plant for making same—thc beehive oven. This
"cheapness" is very questionable, although the
companies may use the argument ancl insist that
coke inndi! by this process is better adapted to their
purpose. Tliis is a point on which wo may not
agree.
We do not intend lo make this article heavy
with scientific notes and slatistit'.s culled from au
encyclopaedia, but will mako uso ol! just a, few to
illustrate and demonstrate our contentions.
Tho bechivo process will coke 05 per cont. ol! conl.
Tlio Belgium or by-product process will coke 75 per
cent, of the'coal.
A saving ol! .10 per cont.
The total vnlno of by-products obtained from the
iiiiuuiraclurt' ol" coko in tlio United Stales in 1910
amounted to $8,470,557, or a litlle more tbim one-
third of Lliu valuo of coko prodncuil—^24,71^,010.
The total amount of coko produced in tho Slates
was valued at $00,742,701. Thus it will bo seen that
about ono-fourtli wiih produced by lliu rotort pro-
•cons. Ono of the most valuable by-prodnctH and ono
with which most of our readers are luiqiiniulod,
was 27,002,858,cubic foot of gas, valued at *:i,017,«
008; «C,303,2H gallons of lur, valued at i}il,5!)!>.45;?;
70,247,51.') pounds of ammonium Aulphato, valued nt
$1,841,002; 20,220,421 pounds of anhydrous am-
monia, valued ut $1,725,200, and 4,051,282 gallons
of liquor valued at $205,808.
In addition to these there are recoverable1 a quantity of light and secondary, oil which, together with
coke breezes, may be conservatively estimated at
$400,000. The value of recoverable but wasted contents of coal' made into, coke in beehive ovens
would, at the prices obtained in 1910, have been
about $40,000,000.
Nowr the reader must' remember that, these byproducts are not recoverable when once they are
distributed in the atmosphere in the shape of volatile matter, although a portion of them may'remain
in the coke, but in such form as to be of no commercial value.
It does not require a mathematician to discover
that in, this part of thc country millions of dollar.-'
have gone up, and are going up, in smoke, pollut-.
ing the atmosphere and distributing .themselves be-
yoncj, any possible means-of recovery..
The worker who spends his money foolishly and
is accused of waste may, to use a capitalist argument, be distributing wealth and creating trade,
but the loss of by-products and heat energy to
which we refer is an absolute and total loss to civilization. We are open to learn how any of these
valuable by-products, once dispersed in the atmosphere, can be recovered.
, Quito recently the business men of this town discovered that they were uot receiving quite asjarge
a share of the mine workers' pay roll,as they
thought they were justly entitled to and it was dis
covered that they were not receiving as large
real estate men large sums were leaving'the--town
to pay for real estate of very questionable worth.
No mention, however, have we ever seen or heard
by, the business men of this town of the tremendous
loss that is going on right in'their midst. The Board
of Trade of Fernie would do well to take up this
matter with the same .energy-which they displayed
when attacking real estate, men, and such would
benefit, not only those who have been foolish
enough lo risk their money on worthless real estate, but would considerably enhance the value of
our town as an industrial centre and benefit every-
citizen of Fernie. ,
The Dousal or suction gas plant and engine is
riot exploited very largely in this western country,
but in the older and more settled countries this has
been found to be one of the cheapest motive, powers
yet discovered. With coal at. 24s. per ton it has
been found that a 12 h.p. engine can be.run for 12
hours at a-cost of one shilling or 24 cents. Compare this with the price of electricity charged in
this town and the tremendous energy that is being
wantonly wasted and the reader does not require
any further explanation of why dividends are so
scarce and the money market so tight. "This is
mentioned merely to give the -.reader an idea of the
amount of gas being waste'd annually by the coal
companies;-" " ,
"Of course, the cry "lack of capital" will be raised by the coal companies, and while they are content to abuse a bounteous nature by-wantonly wasting its most valuable assets, so long will they experience difficulty in reaping the, full benefit of
labor and capital.
We might write columns commenting on this subject and enumerating the many valuable by-products and thc uses to wliich they might be put, but
let it suffice that we have here all the heat we require for the rigors of the winter and sufficient
energy to drive all our machinery and light our
town at a cost so insignificant that, for industrial
purposes, this city has advantages far and away
beyond those of prairie cities with their boosted
natural gas supplies.
We,are printing notes this week from the coal
camp of Pocahontas, Alberta. This field has not
yet beon organized by tho U. M. W. of A,, but we
understand that it is tho intention of tho International Union, in"eonjiinction with tho District, to
start organizing this part of the country in tho
near futuro. The Ledger is only too anxious to
publish for tho benefit o'f its readers items of interest to tbo labor world and tho workers of thc
District. It is tho duty of every local to soo that;
these items of news aro forwarded overy week nnd
if tho oldor established camps—tho road or hns only
to poriiBO our Cnmp nows to discovor that thero arc
many—would follow thc oxnmplo of this young nnd
thriving cnmp, wo should indood be pleased.
In another column lX will bo found tlint wo have
a column from tho ■Recording Socrolnvy of Glnd-
Hlono Local, in which somo of tho grievnnecs nffnoting tho mon nro enunioratod. Now, wo understnud
tho object of tho Ledger is to air these grinvnnuoN.
which in many cases aro not known to Iho manngo-
mont, nnd wo shnll bo pleased lo insort any mat torn
having a bearing upon conditions nt tho mines.
Wo foci Hiiro Hint our corrospondonlH pohrohb sufficient tno.t ai)d discernment not to forward any mat-
tor that tlioy mny uonsidor inimical to tho interest
of the organization, This pnper is horo to espouse
tho causo of lnbor, howovor, and whothor wo inako
friends or enemies the workers have spent too nur.'
hnrd-enrnod dollnr-s to unerlfico tlio principles »f
labor by pandering to any pcr-sonnl or private interest.
snennTAnv of wf«tp.rn
FUEL COMPANV IN CONTEMPT
Hntlior than surrender tlio hooka of
tho Wnirtorti Fuel Company1 to Judge
t.     ii.        .*> it.,, v.,w„*1  qt-ifr.ii T>Wl*M
.4.,   It.****,,     *-.-■     *•-»  -       '*-..'-*   ,   '
Court, nt San Francisco, Cal., David C.
NorcrosH, secretary of the company,;
Kavo hlmsolf ap to the TInttort States
marshal, Judgo Doollng hold him In
contompt of court, and sentenced him
to Jnll HiiUl the books be produced, but
later released him on -fit.000 bond
ponding htihean 'corpus proceeding.
Norcross wan undor a $2,000 flno for it
tlmlhr offense.
N'orcroMi, tho proBldonl, directors
and omployoos of tho company am undor indictment for conspiracy to dts-
fcnud thc Bovc^nmint of lumilrodn of
thousand* of dollars in customs und
drawbacks on'Imported final.
Tb-« Hnnlsllst mayor nf fWiminetnity,
Dr. Onorfro Tl. Limn, niid tbo other Socialist officials nro bolng opposed for
ro-nloctlon by tx comblnn of U*>p\ibl|.
cans, Democrats and I'ronroHHlvoH.
Thi* tbrno portion nrn Tint llinrmiftily
1 unltod except on two candidates. One
of thoso Is tho candidate for mayor to
oppose T)r. Lunn. Tho other Ih tbo
eandldatn for assessor, who happens
to bo tho prosont Democratic Incunir
bent of that offlco nnd who has blocked nn attempt by llit* Horlnllnt nns-ftsn-
or» to equitably assess, am far as exist-
IrtK lawn permit, vacant lots nnd Wr
corporation property. The. combine
sooms to havo got together and concentrated Ita strength on Ihe points
where Schenectady's privileged Inter-
**h's would mont llko to havo concentration. Fundamental democrat* of
Sclie.ncctady wilt make no mlaUto ta
reelecting Msyor Lunn and his party
MIOoUtM,
'mm^^i
liOST—llofr*, Monday nn 4 p,m. trnln,
Conl Crook, M, V. & M. trnok; black
nnd brown halt-bred dnobshund; an-
Hwera to name of "Teddy," Person
giving information to h, Morton,
Conl Croalr, or pollco, which will
iMitlt 10  U^l»VfJ,  Vim  in,*, ItsttatUti-J,
70
1HI1W.PWCIKW lltf——-WW     III "I   ■■■■Ml—   * ■   ■■   III III	
FOR SAMiJ—8 roomed houso on Mc-
1 -Phorson Avonuo; onsy terms,   Apply to Wm. Wlnstnnloy, P. 0. llox
4RR, Fnrnlo, P. C. 71
TAXIDERMY
'-Weittawtriw^
...^^^^W^-.^.^^^J.y^
s?m.iimuxft&-jpv* a
*9}**mmm*4,*
For flrsMsss Taxidermy work,
mounting anything from a snake
to an Alet>hantr call or wrlto
C. RECCE
P, 6. Bex 0 Weut Fernlo
witurtwiiwlsAiiM-tanftitsrSir 111 if	
♦   GLADSTONE.LOCAL NOTE8- ♦
^ • By the' Recording Secretary    ♦
■There Is a public who do not come
under the influence of the Board of-
rrade—trado unionists—who 'have a
large measure of sympathy with the
miners • It ls our intention to keep
these, people well informed of the
conditions that continually grieve and
beset the mine1 workers in their struggles for a livelihood. Each week notes
will appear in the Ledger, giving publicity to the grievances and complaints
-that affect,the, members of Gladstone
Local in particular.and,District 18 in
general.
The wash house'' question again
came up for discussion, ahd to say the
•least tliis is a question of paramount
importance to the miners at Coa*]
Creek. The wash house does not Involve any expense upon the company,
for"every man (who is lucky enough
to obtain a locker) pays one dollar
pdr month, which, I believe, covers
all expenses, together with caretaker's
wages, caretaker and the necessary repairs, with quite a -little surplus to bo
paid as Interest on the original outlay.
From the' standpoint of hygiene, it Is
not by any means within thc conception that 'Moses had of that important
science. With tho ever-increasing
number of men employed at the mines,
no provision has been made' to cope
with it, consequently men crowd the
lockers, making it dangerous, inconvenient and disagreeable in the extreme
to all'concerned. Again, the hot water supply is inadequate, this being especially so for the morning shift. It Is
a common occurrence to see five or
six men ,waiting,Impatlently around a
tap that simply trickles Its contents
into the pan. Jhe management has
not provided an extension to the wash
house as the funds for such an undertaking are exhausted.' The winter is
coming, and we ,do not anticipate its
rigors will counteract the disadvantages complained of:
" The supplying of house coal came
up for discussion. Many of the members present complained that the coal
supplied was dirty and of a very inferior nature. (Hear, hear!) The distinction between' run of .mine and
screened coal was only on paper, as
per agreement. ^(The appreciation is
in trying to bunrit.—Ed.) Much pf
the coal supplied was simply- a load of
dust, and one of the members said if
a high wind had been blowing when he
received his coal (?) it would have
vanished. 'What strange irony of fate,
that the one --who delves for this precious . rock, geologically speaking,
should receive for his pains a load of
dirt for which he is unduly punished
at the mines for indiscriminate- loading! We can tolerate this condition
of things in the summer and allow the
"co"ai"comp"any'to~carrr'ouirthe-~agree:
ment" according to'their interpretation,
but the long, cold, white winter compels us to do something. Had we possessed a cyalic key, would we not
cauise some changes? A committee
.have ' been ' appointed . to interview
Manager Wilson, who may not know
the true condition of things. This is
the kiddles' question, for they are the
most sensitive to the severity of the
Canadian winter.
Miners' Certificates of Competency
As a large number of our 'fellow
workmen speak a foreign tongue, it
gives to the careful and intelligent individual an uneasiness of mind as to
whether his-foreign-speaking brethren
aro sufficiently conversant with the
dangers pertaining to their avocation'.
Tho act reads: "No certificate of competency shall be granted to any cial
miner who does not satisfy the majority of the Board of Examiners that "ne
is sufficiently conversant ■ with tbe
English language, and with t>.o provisions of tho act relating to coal mining nnd rules and regulations .made
thereunder, to rondor his employment
as such safo, and also that ho has boon
employed In a coal mine for at least
twolvo months previous to.tbo dato of
bis application for such certificate,
and has sufficient knowledge of conl
mining to rondor him compotont to
perform tho dutlos apportonont to IiIh
employment." To you, my follow men
who speak a -langungo that is not English (Welshmen and Lanes Included)
got to know a smattering knowlodgp,
at loaat, of tho maEtors' language I!
will provo conducive to our "mutual
woll bolng,
Wo nro asked to draw tho attention
of all mombors of tho Sick and Accldont Fund to notify tho Secretary,do-
during UienmolvoB ablo to return lo
work. This fund has boon n boon lo
many a family fllnco Its establishment,
and ribuso of samo will bo a calamity.
Watch for tho dato ot tho noxt gon-
oral mooting and bo In nttondnnco.
You dlnkoy boys, do not drlvo (how
dlnklflfl 'Ut such an oxccsalvo bpooiI
whllBt mon nro travelling to nnd from
tho inlnos. Whon tho road Ib char
yon can drlvo to your honrt's content.
Classified Ads.-Genf a Word
WANTIM)—Mnglnoor with n. C. tlrflt
class pnporfl;  must bo thoroughly
' compotont, rollablo nnd Hobor; good
wngoB.  Apply, glvlng'roforoncas, to
llox 117fi Fornlo, IJ, 0. 72
A HOUbtt A.ViJ LOT (uv Btifoi Lml i,
Block SO, Annex Extension. Apply
flco, Davcy or O, W, Goodwin, nello-
vuo, Alta.   : 70
WOULD ANY P10HBON who witness-
od tho pollco assaulting Albert Davies closo to T, Burns and Co.'s
storo on Wodnosday-night nt 12
o'clock pienso Inform Albert Davl-js,
Fornlo Annox. '70
SALE Oil EXOIIANOB (part cash)—
100 acrPH homcutpftrtwl, f-fmcod, situ-
nttfd 4 miles from O,' T. P. town
(Threo Hills, Alta.), 8 tnllos from C.
P. II. town (Acmo), about 65 miles
north oast of Calgnrjr, on O. T. P.;
splendid wheat or mixed farming
land; SO acres under cultivation-;
tllntrlct une of LUu beat ta AlbcrU.
For particulars apply H. A., nox 380,
Pernio, li, C,   ' 7B
News ofcitie District Camps
.,    .•   .     ". -   (Coniinueii'fromPage5)f'    "\, . ...-..-..;.•*/.
hospital with typhoid fever., ■ Pleased
to see you, about again, -John.
Mike Rusbu8ki, is' building a fine
home for himself on 12th Street N. L.
Leigh Is'the" contractor.'   . "
W. -Brown,'blacksmith. for a good'
many years.at No. 3, has quit,",and
opened up a place of his own on 19th
Street North. Wish you every success, Bill.        '      -  - -
W. Balderstone, late secretary, of
the Co-operative, is having a sale of
his household effects, owing to accepting a position at Medicine Hat.
The money stringency and want of
work are having very marked effect
on Lethbridge. During the last 10
weeks thej;e have been from two to
three sales ot household furniture and
people who we thought were settled
for good.
The much-talked-of subway at'! 13th
Street crossing, does not seem to be
materializing this year, -and it looks
as if the C. P. R. freight sheds, now
about- completed on 13th Street,
will not be., used until the sub-
Way, Is put in, as traffic there-
would be so congested as to be dangerous to the public.    i .
The Btreet, railway employees held
a smoking concert in the Labor Hall
on Saturday evening. The chair was
occupied.by Alderman McNabb, who
gave them1 the benefit of his wide and
varied experience, of the benefits to
be derived from being a member of a
craft organization, and all the members took an interest therein. If the
other unions of the city would only
take the lesson of goodfellowship and
energy-displayed by this new organization, unionism would have a different
standing ln"Lethbrldge today. As the
old' proverb goes, when things are at
their worst, they are bound to take a
turn, it is to be hoped that the members of the different unions will endeavor to make a rally before it is too
late.' ,, • . ■
The quarterly meeting of the North
Lethbrld-sre Co-operative Society was
held;in the (Miners' Hall Friday evening, September 19th. -The representation-of shareholders was not as numerous as they might have been, but
those present were very enthusiastic.
.The' speech of Mr. Trawern at the
formation of a retail merchants' union
held recently was thoroughly gone into ."and-, brought forth many bright
ideas as to avoiding the many obstacles this gentleman intends putting in
the wav of the Co-operative movement
spreading in Canada. If the workers
i required- an Incentive tq look to their
own welfare, his "remarks ' certainly
gave them an eye opener. The recommendation of the Board of Man-
'agement to pay on all members' pur
chases for the past quarter ^he rate
of eight per cent was accepted. After
paying this amount .'there is a-fair:
sum placed to the reserve fund, which
speaks volumes for the management.
I trust that all the subscribers to your
valuable paper'in this vicinity, seeing
this, will take,a tumble and become
member's at first available opportunity.' :   r.7. V
♦ .    ■
♦ COLEMAN NOTES
The Coleman I. O. O. F. Lodge held
a social aud dance in their- lodge
rooms -in the Eagle Block on Tuesday
evening. A number,of visitors from
Blairmore were present and a . good
time is reported.
J. A.- Hornby, of Calgary, • was in
town during the latter "part - of the
week, adjusting Insurance claims in
connection with the losses caused by
fire in" West Coleman. W. White,
whoso house was burnt, had a loss
of $500.00 -and had taken out insurance
a week or two previous to the date of
the fire. Damage to ■ fhe° extent of
about $50.00 had been done'to the residence of Jas, Antrabus.  / ,'
Rod  McLeod,  of  Bellevue,  was  a
Coleman visitor during Alondayfand*^,'
Tuesday."
'C. Hill, a Flnlander working ln No.
83 of Carbondale mine, was seriously
injured by a fall of rock on Tuesday.
He -was hurriedly, taken' to the hospital where it was found he had re-
celved - a fractured leg. and severe
bruises. The Injured man Is a recent
arrival from Europe and ls progressing as well as circumstances will permit. " ' " ;      .    '
W. B. Powell, superintendent of the
(government Mine , Rescue Car, paid
Coleman a visit Monday:   , ■ ' . ■
1W;' M;' Mitchell, principal cof Coleman Public School is experiencing
great difficulty In finding accommo-.
datlon for all the new puplls,who wish
to attend school. Some three^hundred
and twenty are now enrolled and numbers of others below school age have
been turned) away.
> ,The car shortage, which has been
affecting -other mining towns in the
Pass during the past two .weeks, ,-has
not .touched' Coleman as, yet to any,
great-extent. The McGillivray Creek
Co. lost one day last week pnly.
The McGillivray Creek Co. continue
to expand their business and make ad-
ditions totbeif plant.. A little more
than a week ago a new\boiler was
Installed" at the mine and on Monday
a- large, shipment of new mine~~cars
were unloaded^" which will beVpui to"
use, at once'.v -: ;\\; '-;:'\-'> syy ■•_
' Tbe   CoiperaHve',': Store'' reports,
trade :aa .good,'-since"-beginning to do
business on a- cash basis. ;,The new
System will -probably take a little'time
to adjust itself, b\it the directors are
convinced of its"advKntag£ to, aii. -"-   -
.Stanley Pizer,has severed his connection with-.the W.  It.- Ouimmette
store and left-on Wednesday morning
for Detroit and Windsor." Mr.1 Pizer's,
sudden leaving ,was'In response to a
telegram bearing ,a~ request,from Mrs..'
Pizer, who Is seriously'ill In the-East,
Their many friends will, be-sorry to
hear this news, and will hope Mr. and
Mrs. iPizer may, return to Coleman.
■Toners. Stothers, formerly,- of the
Bank,of Commerce staff herei, but for
the past severai'months. a resident of
Calgary, is spending a vacation with
friends in town.     ,
Tlie Coleman Mercantile^ Co. announce another big sate and hope to
be completely out of business in forty-five days. *
Joe <lrafton, of JBellevue, was a Coleman visitor on Monday.
Charles H. Watson and Mrs, Watson, of Toronto, are guests at' the
Coleman1 Hotel.   ■ .     • -    «   •-' ".
v/
s 'I.
Miss -M.' McLean and Miss M. Murray, of the Salvation, Array staff,- Fernie, visited Coleman Tuesday.
MINE BLASTING
MA Watteyne, In a discussion on a
paper read at the Congress of Applied
Chemistry at Washington; U. S., relative to explosives, in coal mines,- recently gave some interesting details
as to the different ways of firing
charges: In Belgium the charges are
limited in correspondence with the ex- -
plosive character of the,gas or-dust
prevailing in the workings, and since
this system has been in operation,
now some years, no accident has occurred. If exterior tamping, or rather
superposition of several pound of Incombustible dust over", the mouth of
the hole is employed, the security of
blasting would'be greatly augmented,
especially in the dreaded case of
windy or blown-out shots. ^ ■
labor Trouble in. Liverpool
.LONDON, Sept. 25.—In consequence
of-the labor troubles at Liverpool the
Canadian express has transferred its „
staff to Bris'toi. "All outward traffic.1
has,been shippedJlrom;that port and
Canadian''Importers, -therefore,   Mil?
experience no delay" in receiving their "■
goods.   ,   -J":    -, -,      '    •;"   ;,
ISIS THEATRE
BEST
ALWAYS
PICTURES CHANGED DAILY, A FEATURE EVERY DAY, FEATURES FOR WEEK SEPT. 27th
SPECIAL—Saturday Evening and Matinee
The Kins Can do no Wrong
3 Reel "Rex." ,  ' - '      '
The Commander of the Army of a'mythical kingdom, staunch In his loyalty to his king, amsures^his
wife rather than his monarch, when the latter lures her away,
the sorely-tried father poisons her.
When the Prince abducts his daughter,
Monday, Sept. 29
In Love and War
2 Reel 101 Bison Military Drama
Tuesday, 8ept. 30
The, Faith Healer
2 Reel "Eclair" Drama
SPECIAL—Saturday, Oct. 4
In The King's Service
3 Reels,   Depicting the life of English sailors and soldiers on land and Sea.
GET OUR WEEKLY BULLETIN AND KEEP UP-TO-DATE ON THE BEST IN  MOVING PICTURE8
This is the Piano
Oh January 31,
We Give Away
Value $400
vtfSJ-i
-to-ie^^^
■   '   y..... ,i.»**«¥*i"-.*o^-'«(*t^ -
W^TTl""1
--■"- -JuaIKWxlKli- "?- ' "* '
2. Niimo of Contontant'wlll not bo published,,
3. tivory Contestant Ib orodltod with 2,000 Votos to
start with.
4. Kvory Contestant gets ti numbor.
5. Standing of Contestants'  numbers  published
wookly.
6. All Votos mutt bo brought In tor rocordlug on
WpflnmiiTny.
RULES OP CONTEST
8.
WHAT SEEMED TO US
TO BE A QUESTION IS
NOW A GRATIFYING
SUCCESS. IT PAYS TO
BE LIBERAL WITH
OUR  TRADE.    ,
Slnco wo first announced
thnt we should glvo sway
this beautiful Upton Parlor Grand Piano to somo
ono of our customers on
Jan. ill, 'our buslnoBu has
shown a Big Increase In
tvery   department,      Of
tOUl'HO  tllO Ull 11 »tlIII VIllllOB
which we are offering
havo holpod- to mako thin
Increase nnd wo shall con*
tlnuo along thoso linos.
You will find our stockn
comploto In all llnon ro-
gnriio&H bf tho heavy dally demand,- -
OR ftURR AND ARK FOR
YOUR PIANO VOTE8
WITH EVERY PURCHASE,
D.
10.
11.
12.
Tio Votos In iwcicapa with* Contestant's numbed and the amount on top slip only.
Color ot Votos Will chanko snd must bo recorded wookly.
Votos nro transforrable only beforo rocordlng,
Contostant having tho largest numbor ot Votos
on Jan. 31 wins tho Piano,
on J an, 31 wins the Piano.
Candidates not bringing In personal votes will
bo -drnppnd.
N.E. SUDDABY,    Drug & Book Store
"The Roxall Store" FERNIE, B. C.
Stationery, 8portlnur Ooodt, Kodaks, Typewriter 8uppllot, Office
Fixture*, Wall PApert, Fancy Good*
-¥**-**-^#h»**t»Wfc*B u '•" ""        '   •   -    ■      ,-.,..,'--.    ..     j,     J \ <*-*.,?•.td'^ zT\\i,2,'&*t$'9i *.\
^$m&?Kz&?ti$m?.^ wv
"yiAhS*!
i* ^itJ-jAV-t
i-^ ^..,- .a,V<
THE DISTRICT IJSD6EE,;^ERi^;,B. C.3 SEPTEMBER 27, 1913
"  '-'•'- r '. •■".•v'-       !'.--..",". "   *.< ■ ,''-;fir',, PAGE FIVE
\gJ-.5;--- i-j.
;- *';', v 1 "■.   S^^m   ■ ■Minn a
:•'.%
i \?i<
,.,*-j:   .    :s,t,      -*y:x
1 r       :ffi#ft»*!^ .w„^^MM,MYYT^T,TYyYtTTTTT
'*■-.
X 7 7   «.,;.V'  ^*>:-aT*'-
•:V
V*N
'4- COAL,CREEK NOTES
* /♦"
**, "- • .->   n\ \X'.'-   ■ v  y'S
-~-f     i*, j -   ^ ----"           * -i, j -**V-*--f
*► '♦'*♦ ♦'♦.♦.♦,«►, ♦ ♦:
- The entertainment' in the Methodist
. [. Church on'Monday night-was an.un-
;•""„' qualified success.- The 'house was
''•', crowded, every available seat being
'taken.   Supt. Shanks filled the. chair
"iV with'great acceptance. .The choir did
their part well, although some of the
-members were unavoidably absent. Of
. special interest were the solo by Mr.
. .Tonka aind the hymn on' "Galilee"
composed by the Rev. Mr. Philp while
. sailing over the sea known by that
name. The pilgrimage through Palestine by the pastor, Rev. Mr. Philp, *was
received with much enthusiasm: The
program of the evening was "so full
that he gave only half of the journey.
The curios and paintings added great-
, jy to the word pictures of the speaker.
Rev. Mr. Perley, "of. Fernie, who also
opened tbe exercises,.moved a Vote of
appreciation for the speaker and chairman, which 'was seconded by Rev."
".-  Cecil Hianrion, and Mr. .Philp was requested to continue his story at an
early date.  The receipts amounted to
twenty-six dollars,
The Young Peoples Union-, of tbe
1 Methodist  Church. have   decided   to
, .'Miold.a social evening once a month.
They, have" also undertaken the work
*.of brightening up the Inside'bf the,
Church and have'already announced
an entertainment for. the evening of
Thanksgiving Day.
- ,"' . Next Sunday will be Rally Day at
- the--Methodist, Sunday School.    Ad-
.' dresses -will be given by the superintendent-,and pastor.   Everybody inter-,
ested isi invited and mothers are re-
, quested to bring the members of the
cradle roll.  At night the pastor's subject will be "The Mode! Mother." .' •
The'vicinity, of Coal Creek depot
-*   presented an animated appearance on
1    Saturday ^morning, the occasion being
' the excursion to Blairmore run under
''  tlie" auspices ofthe Football Club. Ths
'.  crowd, numbering close on 200 people,"
, left by the, 7.45 train. ■ On arrival .it
Fernie the crowd, rushed to the pay
. '  box .at the coke ovens, and "In their
' anxiety to receive the envelopes they
Somewhat retarded the system of paying out .The staff of pay clerks, dc-
•• serve.credit for the manner ln which
they'dealt with the,crowd under the
*. circumstances. ' On receiving the pay
- . envelopes a rush was made' for the
_\ : <J. JEVR. depot, where the* special tlcteL
"^^TeTs l8Sued~bFth.e;,Fbotball Clubliad to '
; -".be exchanged for the piece of r,paste-
T)oard .which entitled them to a seat
- ' in the train. ' The C. 'P.,R. put on spe-
• cial coaches and a mqv$ .was made
, from Fernie about 9.30.  On arrival at
Blairmore .the crowd began, toi seek
Tiecessaries for the inner man, " Arrangements had been made with the
proprietor of the Blairmore Hotel to
cater for the-needs-of the Football
Club'and credit is due to the manage-
'ricnt for facilities offered. After lunch
the partles;Indulgecl in drives, etc., the
.   livery barn .thereby reaping a rich harvest. . The game of football -between
Coal Creek nnd Coleman was In' the
bands of J; Wilson, of Fernie, who called the boys to line about 4 o'clock p.m.
Of tbe game itself It must be admitted
'that tho two clubs wero evenly matched and the result, no score, represented tho game.  Tho spectators of either
club indulging in good humored chaff.
Tho gamo ended with ^either side
scoring, and wo wero ourprlsod to
loarn that no arrangemont had been
made to play oxtrn time ln tho event
of a draw. This caused a lot of com-
mont and tbo exeoutlvo sat Immediately  after  tbo  game  and- decided
(how?) to havo tho'roplny on Wednesday at Blalrmoro, ' Coal Creok woro
not agrooablo and havo petitioned tho
oxocutlvo on tho point   Ab this caso
must como up noxt-League mooting,
wo rofraln from comment,  Tho return
Journey wna mado from Blalrmoro a
llttlo beforo 7 o'clock, ovorybody voting having hnd a good tlmo.
J. ShnrploB wns In nialrmoro on Sat-
■unlay representing Coal Creole In tho
•' League mooting,
The nnofltlnn bolng asked up hPi;o Is,
Why was 'Blalrmoro nllowod to bo represented at tho Loiikuo mooting? Seeing thoy withdrew from tlio Longuo by
tho fact of thoir not fulfilling thoir
Longuo engagements.
Tho .mines woro lillo on Saturday
last, pay'day,
Quito a numbor, of tho gontlor box
took in tho Blalrmoro excursion,
Johnny Walkor nnd Johnny Ilowar
woro vory noticeable during tho trip
to Blalrmoro.
Tho Rtorlc wan book on nivorM.lo
Avomio on Mondny morning during
tho woo sma' hours, eventually resting
nt tho houso of Mr, and Mrs. fl.
Schramm, leaving a daughter. Bob In
now wearing tho miillo thnt won't
como off.
W. T. Bonnott doslros to thank all
thoso who kindly contributed to tho
appeal on his bohalf. Wo wish you
bottor health In your now Bphoro, 1311-
ty,  uoou.jucK to you.
Vn: J]«t> up lm- Ihe Citilmu Cup coui-
petition lo bo played bore on Saturday
between Conl Creole and tho winner
Mlchol v. Hosmer Is w» follows: Conl,
Banns; backs, MoLotchlo, McFegan!
hnlf backs, flwpnnnv. Mnrniln«r Wbvt*»"
forwards, Partridge Booth. Qnrvlo,
Jolnson and Johnston^. Reserve'*,
Armntrong, Harper, Yntos, Klok-oft,
4 o'clock.
Wo notice that an old Umor In tlio
person of Vlo Allan ts pandering to
the demands of tho public from be
bind tho countor In the Fornle Co-operative, You make a dandy lnlosman,
Vir.
"v. ' '    ' , I      i   '■ '    ill        '     *
were present .-and listened very attentively to "an instructive lecture.   ,
U^r. .Frank Leithauser and 'Miss K.
Gresa'ck were married at Fernie Tuesday by.Father Donnelly. Mr. J. Me-
halclk and Miss A. Valasik ^,ere in attendance as best man and bridesmaid.
AU their Hosmer friends join in congratulations.   '       "„      \' "
•Hosmer ahd Michel tried .further
conclusions ln the Crahan Cup,., the
game resulting in a tie, 1 each. Hosmer are evidently in bad witblhe ungracious duchess of fortune, so will
graciously' retire for the season and
live in hopes of better luck next.year.
. 'Mesdames Parkin and Brown arrived back in town from a sojourn in Calgary. Harry is all smiles as a. consequence.
. A dance, took place In the Queen's
Hotel dining room Monday night and
was fairly well attended.
■Now, John,, get busy and get your
executive together. We want the Athletic Club putting ih shape for the winter. -The football season is over and
there's lots to do.    ,
A black bear, behind B Level, gave
a party of our biggame hunters a pretty good chase in the small hours of
Sunday morning. Bruin succeeded in
preserving his hide,
John Bernasdo and Pete Salvador
were, lucky enough to, bring home a
mountain goat as evidence of their
hunting ability. ,   --
Mr. A, Wellington is talcing in Nel-
Bon. fair and incidentally- visiting his
timber- claims,,etc., in the Lockhart
Creek vicinity.   '     -^ ' -.;~
G. H. Marlatt has moved. Into the
premises of A.-McL.,Fletcher on Main
Street. A lot bf, renovating has been
done to same, giving, it quite a classy
appearance. . ..."
An ingenious theft of another man's
statement from the wash house resulted in the culprit appearing before
Judge Browni .who committed the accused for trial at the. next sessions.
' Pay night ;was noticeable for the
weird antics of several of our respected townsmen. We've , heard of the
song, "Hang out the front door key,
.love," but'"Hanging out your Sunday
shoes" Is a.new,one. (So?).
■A petition respecting the Island
strike is in the hands of the local secretary., ilt's to be hoped all union men
make it their business to sign it.
And don't foTgetftbe voters' list..All
.who'are eligible should make it their
business to. get .registered.'
•The ;ladles "of the';Presbyterian
Church JgaveitheiE-usual. inon th!>v tea
on Thursday in' the Methodist Church.
■ Nominations for secretary-treasurer
took place at the-last regular meeting.
Two ■ names 'were placed. before the
meeting,, the "vote favoring A, J. Car-
teri -;-'    '    - .'.,
mented on the manner in which they
strive to\make those entertainments
a- success by supplying refreshments.
We sincerely hope to see a. continuance of those pleasant functions.   „'
♦ ♦♦■♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ *+.'**. *.
'*;:' " ♦
♦ -A      FRANK NOTES ,   ♦
:Mr. J. Miller moved into his' house
near the Church on Wednesday last.
■Mrs. "J. J. Thomas left' last month
for Pocahontas, where she will spend
a few months with Mr. Thomas.
Mr. and Mrs. A. I. Blais left on Monday morning for Nelson, where they
will take in the fair.
It has been gazetted that Fred Allot,
of Frank, is appointed to the
Board of Examiners for this' district
under the new 'Mines Act.
Louis Herman has had his house
moved from the hack end to the front
of his lot. He took the opportunity of
getting it done^when the mines were
not working The reward for the laborers was given that night in the
form of a treat ;at Emile Dypolt's
home. Louis is now building an addition" to ,-his house.'.    .
.The people of town are sorry to
hear that Frank Wejr is temporarily
under the weather.-
'  Born, on Sunday, September 21, to
Mr. and 'Mrs, Joliy, a son.
The death occurred on Sunday last,
at Frank, of Mrs. Geo. -Thomas. Mr.
Thomas, who works on the railroad,
only .moved here during the summer,
but in the short time his wife had
made many friends.,,. They had not
been very long, married and this, added to the fact that not more than a
score years had passed over her life,
adds to the sadness as. well as'the loss
sustained: .For the last few weeks
she had been sinking slowly, and up
to the last was .cheerful and happy.
Only a few weeks ago her mother, who
was out from Scotland on a holiday,
left for her native larid. On Tuesday
morning-a short servlce'was held at
the house by Rev. W. T. Young, after
which the remains were carried to the
station to meet the 8.20 train. Burial
took place at Cranbrook, B. C, that
afternoon.
BEAVER MINES
the last few mouths, spent the week
end'at his'home here. He took in the
pictures at.the new hall, and the general opinion of all who have seen him
was • that he is looking exceedingly
good. Apparently baching agrees with
Dave, so Mrs: Lamond must look to
her laurels. "     ' „
-Mr.-Donald Ross| Townsite, baker,
etc.; spent, a few days hunting at Table Mountain last week and brought
home a fine large goat. Good luck.to
you, Donald, for you're a genuine
huntsman.'
', It is marvellous what'the thirst for
animal blood .wljl cause Bome would-be
huntsmen to do in the hunting season. ., Last Saturday a native of this
town, and a man who, apart from his
hunting proclivities, is in every other
respect a good citizen and a very useful member of society, found himself
in possession, bf a shooting iron and
betook himself in search of game. He
did not travel far before he came
across a pair of pet rabbits belonging
to a workman In the village. Now,
whether he mistook the bunnies for
grizzlies or mountain goats Is best
known to himself, but, as a rule, when
a thirst for'blood takes possession of
the brain, ,the imagination befcomes
morbid and the victim is apt to suffer
from delusions. Most of us have read
how Don Quixote, when in a similar
state of mind," mistook a flock of sheep
for a regiment of soldiers, and slaughtered half of thein before he realized
his mistake, and, later on, how he
came a cropper whilst trying to tilt his
lance through a .windmill, which he
.mistook for a giant. But, be that as it
may, our local Don gave each of the
rabbits the full contents of his murderous weapon. No doubt the feelings of the owner can be more readily
imagined than described when he
found. his, pets sacrificed to appease
the sanguinary cravings of a hunting
>ug- .  '*.   , v).:
At present the mine is working regular, but less than half the number of,
men are employed now than were at
work a month or two ago.
The whistle engineer changed his
tune and this week, instead'of-three'
whistles forno work, he gave us one
long whistle at 6, a,m. each morning.
We have very few unemployed about
the camp at present. .'Most of the single men pulled out;and tbe management transferred several others -to
Kipp for the1'time' being. Amongst
others sent,to Kipp was Jim Lough-
.'ran,—blacksmiths *—■' ■■ —~-
Bro. Jas. Burke; Neutral Scrutineer,
Bro. F. Beal.
Mr. Charlie Hunt,' of Fernie, is visiting in camp,- the guest of Mr. John
■Christie.
Mrs. A -Burcey was a Fernie visitor
this week end. She will.be returning
the latter part of the week.
"Quite a big crowd of the Bellevue
people took in the final of the Mutz
Cup at Blairmore on Saturday.
• .The mines have been idle three days
this week; shortage of cars is the
cause.
Saturday, was pay day at the-Bellevue mines and things are quite brisk,
•Mr. Robert Evans met with a nasty
accident on Sunday while coming
home with a horse.' It appears the
animal backed and the rope he was
holding the horse with caught his
thumb and took it off at the first
joint
Mr. Geo. Noble and Mr. John Christie were Blairmore visitors Monday
night.
'Master Robert Davidson left camp
on Monday for a visit in Fernie. "He
Intends returning again in a few days.
Miss Annie Bridge left camp . on
Monday for a visit' to Fernie. '
The officers of the local corps of
the Salvation Army, Fernie,' are in
camp in the interest of the annual harvest festival. They are the guests of
Mrs. G. W.-Cousens.
The Bellevue Band gave the usual
open-air concert tb a large audience
on1 Sunday.
KIPP NEWS
A very pleasing entertainment took
piaco In the local Club Rooms here on
Saturday last, when, a farewell dance
was given in honor of Mr, and Mrs.
Moorehouse on the eve of their departure for the East. -Mr. and Mrs.
Moorehouse havo beon residents of
tills place for some years back, but
havo loft for their former home In
Sprlnghlll, N. S. During their stay
hero thoy mado many frlonds, and
have been highly respected and esteemed by all with whom thoy came
ln touch, Tho danco proved to bo n
very' Bntlsfactory affair, some forty
couples attending and dancing. Enlivened by some fine songs, the hours
seemed to pass too soon. A, Bhort address was given by Mrs. MoorehouBC
touching on tho ploasant yearB alio
spout In tho locality, and rogrots.at
having to Bay farewell to so many
Btnunch frlonds, All prosont responded by wishing Mr. nnd Mra, Mooro-
houso many -joys and lmppluoss in
their Eastern homo,
The mine has been working rather
unsteady horo for tho past couple of
weeks owing to a Bhortago of enrs.
Many of the minors nro meditating a
doparturo for now flolds, It Is to bo
hoped thut this stato of affairs will
bo ot hut short duration.
Say, 'whnt l» tho matter with tho
Athlotlc Club hero. Havo thoy biuI-
donly taken cold feet nnd doeldod to
abandon their project of completing
thoir now football grounds? It Is a
pity to hnvo this knocked on thc hnnd
aftor so many pleasant nvonlngs spent
"Bwnylng ln tho troo tops." Brother,
Bill wnn heard tn romnrk that tho
HtionoR enacted thoso ovonlngs
brought bnck a far-away inflection of
formor years. Of course, wo must Infer from thoHo - remarks that Bill's
momory dntos bnok lo a vory primitive
stage 'Bays, seriously, get busy und
comploto tho grounds.
Thoro is a rumor curront to tho of-
foct that Prof. Morrison, lato of the
"Crow's Nest Pnss,'!i Intends holding
a sarloa ot dancing lessons In Pocahontas. Wo hopo this to bo truo, as
thoro nro many ot tho rasldnnt young
i»o> h mui girls uoslrous of receiving
■Ijii'lj'UtlJwj Ui Ihu.^tlitixj iutnii.iuiii.il
art, Here's hoping for tx speedy re-
hoarsnl or tho fantastlo hool and too.
Tho wook nnd dnneoi, which nro a
routine nffnlr just now In Pocahontas,
aro considered bv all tn hn tbo irront.
est boon Imaginable for assisting hoth
yoi;ng and old In spending a pleasant
ovonlng nnd forgetting tho otherwlso
dull monotony of the wook. Tho ladles
of tho town nm to be highly compll-
The send off given'last week end to
our, late timekeeper, Mr. Cecil Durham, was.a great success considering
that be had to leave bore for Kipp'a
week sooner than expected. Wheti fi
clergyman "gets an appointment in' a
parish or district .where the salary Is
much larger than w'aat'he lias former-
ly been receiving; he generally tells
his friends and congregation that he
got a "call from God," but if he,is
forced to leave and remove to a parish whoro the salary Js much less, he'
then talks of it us making a sacrlflye
for the glory of God. ' Now, whether
Cecil received a "call," or ls making
the sacrifice I am yet unable to say,
but tho boys certainly spent a very
enjoyable evening in bidding him au
revolr .and expressing regret nt bis doparturo. Mr. J. Lougbran, local secretary, occupied the chair and concluded
a very humorous speech by wishing
him-God speed. A musical selection
on the accordion by W. Brown opened
the harmony, then a song—"Mary of
Argylo,"—by Harry Drowj recitation,
.Tub, Crawford; and a violin boIo by
Joo Smith. Songs were also ably rendered by tho following; Dave Thompson, Ell Nolson, Alex Crawford, Tom
Broadhurst, L, Evans, Bob Stonhouae,
A, Morris, Dan Craig, Alex Thompson,
J. McDonald, and two Bongs ln Slavonian by Joo Kobasck; rocltatloiiB
by Ed Joyco, W. Brofon and tho chairman brought a vory pleasant evening
to a oloso, Tho star of tho evening,
howavor, was Tom' BrondhurRt, nnd
his rendering of n song composed by
hlmsolf on tho Into mlnem' strlko ln
District 18 shows that Tom Ib not only
n vocalist, hut a poet of no mean utility. Tho program bolng a scratch ono,
great difficulty was experienced In
getting turns' In the onrly pnrt of tho
ovonlng, but boforo tho six kogs of
"Alberta's Prldo" woro hnlf empty almost tho wholo audience woro trnnn-
formed Into artists by "Inspiring bold
John Barleycorn," Several of tho boyH
did not turn ont to work next morning,
and those thnt did apponroil a bit
shaky, which romlndod thn writer of
an old lady lu Ireland who Indulged
rather frooly whon celebrating fit.
Pntrlck'B Dny, nnd noxt morning,
whilo squonzlng hor bond with lior
hnnds, «ho ki\pt oxclnlmlng, "Holy Bt,
Patrick, nee what I'm suffering fnr
you."
fllnco tho commencement of the
prosont month mnny Important nhnng-
os hnvo taken plnco In connection
with our local 481,  From tho tlmo tho
CORBIN NOTES
, A- big smoker ■ was given, in Corbin
Club Hall on Saturday,' the 20th September.
Jim Revero and Romeo Parucci left
camp on 15th September, tor a trip to
tbe old country. ' -   » "
Jim Hill and Jack' Johnson arrived
back in camp after f.our days' hunting
around Seven Mile Camp in the Flathead district.
•Mr. and Mrs, Nicolas, from Town-
site, 'left on Sunday night to visit their
friends in Pincher Creek,   •
Mr. Corbin, president of Spokane -International Railway, was in cnmp in
his private car on September 21 and
22.    .
Tho now Catholic Church Ib complete rind 8orvlce was hold on Sunday,
21st September, by Father Molssnar.
The now Flathead Hotel will be
open ou October lst, Everybody welcome.
Jim Barnes took position ns conductor on No, S.
Joe *Mntt Ib flromnn on scrapor outfit on Big Showing. You aro doing
fine, Joe,
Mr. R, B. McKeown wns In camp on
Monday, 22nd Soptombor, on biiBlnoss.
Tony Smith will show his motion
pictures onco a wook In futuro, Good
for, you, Tony.
Billy Porter, forninn of townslto,
wns visiting Mlchol on Monday, tho
22nd,
(let ready for lilg bnskot Boclnl noxt
Saturday. There bo Bomo good basket
for you, boys,
BELLEVUE NOTES
Mru, Robert Evans, who Iiiih boon
upending a fow days In Calgary, ro-
turned lo ramp on Thursday.
Thn long drawn out mho of Mltcholl
vs. Goodwin for posROsslon of thn Ash-
down Itnncli wits (looldnd lu favor of
Mr, MUchnll thiH weak.
Mrs, Samuel Hliono, who hns boon In
Calgary on buslnnss for a fow dayw,
rotiirnc'il to anmp on Thursdny.
Air. Edwnnl Copnlnnrt was n nialrmoro visitor on Saturday.
Mr. K, W. ChrlHtlo Is assisting Mr.
■ The mines here were Idle on Saturday for want of box; cars. An idle day
looks good once in a while to a good
many of the boys, but they prefer the
day after pay instead of the day before, by the looks of the number that
lay-off on tbe following day.
At the last Sunday meeting of the
Local Union the following were nom:
inated to run as candidates in the "District election: John E. Smith, President; Wm. Graham, Vice President;
Dave Rees,'International Board Member; " Joseph Wilson, Sub District
Board Member. There being no nomination for District Secretary-Treasur-
"er^hiB^vas~i-efrov^_f6Fl>tHe"r"irocaIir
Quite a number of men may, be seen
these days around the mines asking
for Mr. Boss. They -all have labor
power for sale and any job' will do as
long as they get one, but they ha.ve a
different story to, ten wnen they, see
their statements, and quite a number
hit the trail without much warning,
leaving their statements with a friend
to pay for the sardines and onions and
let the rest go
Johnny, tbe Joy Rider, may be seen
every, time opportunity affords Inspecting every car that happens to
stnnd around Coalhurst.- Perhaps he
is looking for something new in nutos.
Nothing like knowing it all, Johnny.
The new Invention attached to the
dumper ln tho tipple is working fine
this week. Mat says he can handle
all the coal that they con send up and
then rest quite a bit. Tho difficulty
seems to bo the sending up part of It.
Tho Minors' Hall will soon bo wearing Ub new suit of pnlnt and by all np-
penmncos It needs It After tho paint
It should bo banked up or some new
comers will bo getting cold feet whon
receiving tbo obligation,
'The flgurohoads who aro busy thoso
days around tho street corners counting up tho checkwolghmnn's salary
would do well to attend ix fow moot-
Ings of the Local Union. Thoy might
secure a job on tbo Brnki commlttoo,
Thoy could certainly do uo hurt, and
perhaps do morb good. Figures might
not run so high If fncts woro combined
with thorn, ns thoy did last pny day
whon thoy showed how tbo representative In tho llpplo hnnloil In about two
hundrod bucks for ills two weeks'
work.   Get right after It, boys.
Another tlmo koopor bus boon hired
on this week. TTo looks like going
right nftor getting thlngB fixed np;
noods It nlrlght, Ilowovor, ho hns got
Homo proposition ahead of him. Btlck
to It, kid; you're doing flue, When you
nro not Hiiro of a man being out, look
on the dock'bonrd and If ho Is thoro
glvo him a shift; ho must bo working
nlrlght.
. The miners at the Eureka mine have
organized, hut so far tbe company has
refused to meet a committee of .the
men. Some miners who were talking
union at Rock Springs have been discharged. <(Big Karl is on the ground
and is doing good work among the
men.
Jack Bastien has returned to town
to take charge of Superior mines,
which began operations last week.
■The White Ash collieries also opened up last week.
The Taber Transit Company is
about to collapse for want of capital.
This company made a lot of noise
about a right of way a couple of
months back and now the ratepayers
have granted it they have no money
to build the road. A few of those land
sharks can certainly make noise when
they have a few lots to dispose of
among outsiders.
Tommy Causey is thinking of quitting the hotel and going back to the
mine. It's pretty bard to teach an old
dog new tricks, Tommy.
, The president and chairman of the
board of directors of the Canada West
Coal Co. were in -town last week inspecting the property. In regard to
the proposed brick plant, they claimed
that it would be in operation by
spring, and that the machinery was
already- ordered.
•Now that the0 Taber gas well has
been a failure, the Western Canada
Natural Gas Co. are looking for a gas
franchise from the town.
The financial meeting of the Lethbridge district , of the ■ Methodist
Church was held in Taber last week
with several visiting clergy men. in. attendance.
On Tuesday night several addresses
were given on different subjects,, and
Dr. Baines, warden of Lethbridge provincial goal, gave an interesting'address on the methods of handling prisoners.
The town is having the new street
lamps installed this'week.
Nomination of District'Officers"took
place at the regular meeting on Sunday/' The following were the nominees: For President, John Smith;
Vice President,-W.-, Graham; Secretary-Treasurer; A.-J. Carter; International Board-.Member,' T. G. Harries;
Sub District Board Member, Alex McRoberts; Neutral:Scrutineer, A. Bateman. '     ■    •
The new electric -machine, which
-has-been-in-operatibfrm'few-daysrhas"
been broken, and will be idle for a
week or ten days: So far it has not
been much bf a' success, but probably
under expert handling it will -do what
is claimed for it. ' ."
Alex McRoberts has started on a
machine again after two years as a
loader.
The management of the "mine wishes
us to correct a statement that appeared in the Taber notes two weeks ago
to the effect tliat no loaders were being hired owing to the shortage,, of
places. ' The real reason was a shortage of machine men to mine the places.
Good progress is being mado with
tho   erection   of   the   now   hospital,
which is expected to be ready for occupation shortly.
The four yoar old son of Jim Greon
was taken to the Lethbridge hospital
last week and went under an opera
tion. The trouble was aa abscess inthe leg. -The child is doing as well as
can be expected.
'The local Socialist party of Canada
will hold a meeting on Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock in the Miners'-1 Hall.
AH persons Interested in the discussion . of economic questions are requested to attend. :
LETHBRIDGE NOTES
The mines are again running full
time, both at « and 3, although the
men coming in daily don't seem to be
settling for tho winter yet and tho
roving craze has apparently got hold
of a good many of our old timers.,Several of them have pulled out for Taber
and quite a few have gone to Kipp, including our old friend Walter Vere.
His presence will, be .missed at the
meetings of Local 576, of which he
was n regular attender, and at times
his quaint and dry remarks were very
amusing.,. .What is our loss is ,tbeir
gain. ■   -
Mlnot Galloway met with rathsr a
serious accident on Monday of this
week whilst at work in No. 6 Mine. A
stone, 4 feet long, 6 feet broad and' 4
inches thick fell oqis him, fracturing
two ribs and injuring him otherwise
internally. He was taken to Gait hospital.
John Jackules is at home now convalescent after being, five weeks in
A. I. BLAIS
Grocer
Wo carry a full line of '
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*:        Frank, Alta.
TABER NOTE8
♦
I"    IVII       V"t |*JV|*i *V*#f •        •»•■»• VHW        9,9,99.99* »«<'      1
locnl wns r-nnrtrnnlrnil, ovor 1» wnntbo IWilwnnl Cnnolntid In wnvlni" bin hnnnn
!f
F. M. THOMPSON CO.
"Thc Quality Store"
4> HOSMER NOTES ♦
♦ - ♦
+ + + *♦♦*♦*- + ♦+,+ +
Mora* HnrUx, ot ManehuBter, ISng.,
was tito ipedker nt ft Social Itt leetbro
TtiMdAy evftnlns. Abnnl. fifty per«on>
♦ Anyono knowing tbe whoro- ♦
♦ about* ot William Lindsay, ♦
4k late of Pocahonta*, laat hoard ♦
♦ of In Vletorln, Jl. C, ovor n ♦
♦ your aro, p1««bb communlrato ♦
♦ with hit brother, I>*Tld Lind- ♦
♦ •ay, Ja»p*r Park, Popabftnfuii, ♦
♦ Alta., Canada, ♦
♦■ ♦
ngo, all our mooting* woro hold In the
•t'louoer liall. uwmK to onr IuiuIb bo-
Ins rather low, however,, thc proprietors of tho Hull, Mows. Torpy h
■nhmoron, woro nwkod to reduce tlio
Mnt, but n» thoy dirt not Bnn'tliolr wny
M-An-r If* /-mm-Mi* -j,'l*l» ll... * 999.14 ,-*-   . » 1
tbo proprietor* of tbo now ball quoted
a prlco satisfactory, an agreement was
drawn np and In futuro nil local meet-
In kb will bo hold In tho now ball., A
fortnight ago our vice presldont, Mllly
Mnnroo, left the camp on account of
Blnrlf frnrl(» nnd his ptotv* wns fllM
by Dave Thompson, Last wook our
rneordlwr Borr-Mnry. Jno. MoPhfmon,
left on hi* own and Ernest TVoaflhtir»t
was alerted 'to fill lha offlco. Last
Saturday our pr-Mldcnt, Jim ttaTron,
and htrf two sons left hero for their
homo fn Tndlnnn, Jim wan a good
pr-fsldcmt anil Ms placo Iu tho local
wil? t.-ikrt nom* filling. The new pvca-
Idflnt will ba elected n«xt Sunday.
Onvo Lamond, a former resld<mt,
who bas been working at Ikllavue for
.Mrs, Job. Atkinson Is ngnln conflnod
tu Uiu Iiouhi with a aovero UIiiohb, I lor
»l>eedy recovery la hoped tor.
It I* understood that In thc nrjtr future wo nro going to lmvo a now Iiob-
pltnl.   Thn prrmind linn already been
„*~*l,r.,*      «M      ....  *      H. -,      -,*>•-.. .,        . '
,   >.'*> - .      -.•• -     v.....9     .■»*.***     -.a..-hh-X.I,
way.  It will bo rlRht uiMo-date.
Tho llev. Irwin Ib' leaving camp on
a tour or tbo Lothbrldgo dlBtrlct In
tho Intorcflts or tbo 8. B. and IS. L.
Convention, which moots In High Illver on September 30. The points bo
will vbiit inelwfo T.ihf-r, CoaWalo.'Iron
Springs, Lothbrldgo, Albion Ridge,
JVirnni nnd Cnrmnnr;ny.
Thn regular Trit.itllng of Local 4,11
wiih held on Sunday nnd I there Was a
bi-K < ro»d In nU-L-ndanc*. Tho nomln*
ntlons for thn district offices were dis-
cusuod and tho following ar* the nominations: For Presldant, Uro, John K.
QultU; VLu ritiWjut, Uro. H. Him ft;
Secretary-Treasurer, Uro. tl. Hyslop;
International Hoard Mombor, tiro. n.
Rees;  Sub District  Hoard  M#mb«r,
Tnbur'H fifth annual full fair wiib
hold on Friday nud wiib n big hiiciuihu,
Thorn wna n liirut« nttendnnco and tbo
exhibits were of high pIuhb. Wo wei")
glnd to hoo our old friend, Hob McAllister, tnklng n prlzo for Bhonf grnlr.
ix-t.*)   tn lil.ihlliti  <<   njici i.lllj   01   miltlflK
Hnl Plfi- 'i-br-.'it fnr '.i-iil -'ind u. !.,) I,
doing well.
Dnn Frnzor, tbn acrondhnud storo
mnn, hnd thn nilK'ortunn to have nis
lino houflo destroyed by flro lnat Saturday nljtht. One of the children
throw down n writ eh nnd "lUKbt flro
to somo curtnln», when the pnrints
were away. The nenrest neighbor, W.
Itatoman, trlod to put It out, but It
had too linnrh. headway nntl by tlm
tlmo tho flro brigade rencbod tbo
} «c«me tho house was a maiti of flames.
Tbe firemen hnd to atreieh eighteen
hundred feet of hoxe to reaeh »hn
building. Tho family b*l nil tbeir
clothing nnd only a little furnlturr
was saved. The Insurnnre hail run
out a f*w days so that everyihlmr wm
a total lost.
Tha -eommHt-ee In Hmr« «f »h»
band ara rnnvnaslnir the mine thia
week with a suhscrlp'.ton Us*. Tlie
bnslnast men In lown are a I no being
n[iproachod, «o fnr Mie commute.'
have been very c4<-<«*ifn!
Groceries and Dry Goods
Clotiung, Crockery, Boots, Shoes,
Fruit and Vegetables
THE RIGHT GOODS,  THE RIGHT PRICE,  THE
RIGHT TREATMENT EACH AND EVERY TIME
I
Phone 25      Victoria St.       Blairmore, Alta. *, -'".'■''-^"■-H*^ . -- Vt',"'-"'*'-;-"-.-.-^- - - '    '.*.  -
' %*v.j-
■t_i- "■■
'■.■-     ■■    "v~xAx-yyf^yx ■■  xx AA'^xx^^y^yii^^^^^
■*■ ii'-a
.- "iV.-^ ■-*
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, tEBJm,-JJAC., .SEPTEMBER 27; I81T
Vn Vl"
r->
vi
! i
'.'&•
SYNOPSIS OF COAL SIIIVINO
REGULATIONS
COAL, mining; rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba. Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be leased for a term of twenty-one
/cars at an annual rental of 11 an acre.
Not more than 2,560 acres wli be leased
to one applicant.  , •   ■.
Application for a lease must be made
By the ^applicant in person to the
Akent or Sub-Agent of the district ln
wlleb tht rights applied for are situated.
. In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections,. and ln unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Bach aplication must be accompanied
fey a fee of 95 which will be refunded if
tae rights applied for are not available,
but set otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
nine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining
rights are not being operated, such
returns should be furnished at least
•nee a year.
The lease will Include the coal nil-sing
rights only, but tlie lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine
at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full Information application
mould be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent ot Dominion Lands.
TN  ^N  Cory
1 Deputy Minister of the Interior.
. N.B—Unauthorised publication of this
advertisement will not be said fnr.
-OR.   JOHN   BARBER,   DENTIST
Office: Above Bleasdell's Drug Store
Phone 121
Residence: 21 Victoria Avenue
FERNIE - *    •       .       B. C.
ALEXANDER MACNEIL
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
Offices: Eckstein Building,
•Fernie, B.C.
F. C Law© '   Alex. I. Fisher
LA WE A FI8HER
ATTORNEYS
, Fernie, B. C.
Southern
HOTEL
,'   BELLEVUE, ALBERTA
Every
conyeDiencc
and
attention
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Job. Grafton, Proprietor
By W. E. Hardenburg
Under Two Flags
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income,
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
AOENT8 TOR
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
In a preceding article, attention has
been called to the fact that the ownership of all but the southern portion of
the great territory of the Putumayo
was in dispute between Peru and Colombia, with Ecuador also claiming a
share. It has also heen shown how,
by one means or another, the Arana
Company had succeeded In obtaining
possession of the principal Colombian
establishments In "The Devil's Paradise," which had previously been under the jurisdiction of Colombia.'
By 1907, all the Colombian posts had
been absorbed by the Peruvian Arana
Company, except three small posts oa
the Caraparana, known as La Union;
La Reserva and El Dorado. And for
reasons that will be outlined later in
this article, wherever the Arana Com-,
pany extended its Inhuman domain,
there waved the flag of Peru. Public
opinion in Colombia became aroused
at this,steady and ominous advance of
the' flag of the rival Republic tn the
disputed territory. To add, to this
patriotic resentment, reports of the
atrocities practiced by the Peruvian
firm upon the helpless Indians began
to filter through." Although Colombia
was at a serious disadvantage, owing
to the difficulty of access.to the Putumayo region from the north, nevertheless the situation began to take on a
most serious and threatening aspect.
As was, to be expected, Arana
was not slow to perceive" the
danger lo himself and his gang
of a possible Colombian occupation
of "The Devil's Paradise." The
tenor of the statement of the Colombian Minister of Foreign Affairs, quoted in the first of this series of articles,
sufficed to indicate to him what consideration he and his gang of cutthroats might expect if Colombia once
regained possession ef the scene of
tfye atrocities. So, with the shrewdness of a Morgan or a Rockefeller,
Jalio C. Arana went to London and
proceeded to transform his' butcher
business into an English limited 'liability company, capitalized at a million
pounds and bearing the name of the
Peruvian Amazon Company. A few
Englishmen subscribed for shares in
the company and three of thein lent
their names to the board of directors,
probably in total ignorance of the real
character of the business they were
backing. But Arana and his brother-
in-law, Abel Alarco, retained control of
most of the shares and continued to
manage the business between them as
before. ,
—Thu8-wa3-the_eriminar',syndi€at**F"-df
Arana and his relatives insured
against any, possible, contingency. For
if the Colombians should take forcible
possession of "The Devil's Paradise,"
there was the British flag, backed up
by all the forces of "the empire upon
which'the sun never sets," warning
them not to interfere in the slightest
degree with the vested Interests of a
powerful British company. And on the
other hand, Arana and his gang, although a British company, nevertheless held under the protection of Peru.
So long as 'Arana took possession of
the disputed territory in the name of
that Republic, he well knew that the
government In Lima would never In-
.terfere with his "patriotic" labors,
merely a succor n few thousand Indian
"animals."
There wns but one step to take—a
small one, too—nnd tlio Peruvian
Amnzon Compnny would then bo In
the exact position Arana desired. This
step was tb eliminate tho Colombian
firms of Ordonez & Martinez, Serrano
nnd Gonzalez, owners of Ln Union, La
Reserva* nnd El Dorado respectively,
and to annex their estates. These meif
had loiig been n thorn In llie side of
Arana, not only because thoy offered
a refuga to the Indians, who, horrified
und holplesH, fled from the hnuntB of
tho assassins,, bul nlso ibocaiiBo their
holdings, nltliough smnll, woro rich
nnd 'profitable. Moreover, It must lmvo
boon oxtromoly annoying to an Individ-
unl of Arnna's tompornmont to observo
tlio wnstoful nnd oxtrnvngunt methods
thoso firms omployod—I. «v tliolr failure to exploit, Uio Indians so thoroughly nnd brutally tin Arana was doing,
In n previous iirtleln wo hnvo shown
tho tromondous Influonco of tho Armin
gnng with tho nuthorltloR of Ifmitoa,
It should now bo oxplulnod thut Hourly
tho wholo or trntiB-Andlno Porn Is lii-
uludod within tho llmltfi of tlm Depart*,
ment of Loreto, the cnpltnl of which Is
IqultOB. The oxocutlvo of this vast
territory Ih known uh tho Profoct, nnd
owing to tho grunt dlxtnncn of I<mltos
from Limn nnd tho difficulty of com-
immlciitlon. ho Iiiih vory wide powors,
lii'iliidlng tlio jibHoIute control of tho
military and fluvlnl forces within tlio
Department.
Undor thoso circumstances Arann
ndoptod a Hhrewd rout-He. If IiIh t\i*n*
porndoos murdered tho Colombians,
llie Colombian government would undoubtedly, when It boenmo nwnro of
tho murder of lm rltfxniiB. demnnd
from tlio I'oruvlun Kovornmonl tbe
punlBlinient. of the murderers, nnd
thero would  be, nt lenst, n certain
as he needed more men, he began to
enter into relations with some Indians
of 'the Sabuas tribe. He finally succeeded in getting some fifty of these
unfortunates, who are murdered and
tortured shamelessly by the employees
of Arana, to accompany him.-
"Learning of this fact, Loayza, the
agent of the Arana Company, in order
to promote the interests of his-masters, sent a message to the head office
In Iquitos stating that a large-force of
Colombians under the command ,of
two generals was descending the Upper Caqueta; declaring that they, were
going to take possession of El Encanto
and La Chorrera; He also added that
this force, of some 300 or 400 men, was
bringing a cannon.
"Naturally, the chief of the Arana
Company communicated this intelligence to the political authority, for> it
is only in this way tliat we can explain
the Prefect's action in sending there
the eighty-five soldiers of the Loreto
garrison that we had here, not even
leaving enough to mount guard.
"As soon as those soldiers entered
pie Putumayo, Zumaeta (a brother-in-
law of Arana) embarked with fourteen
men from the Yubinet to capture the
Colombian, Martinez, -who had dealings with Indians who, the Arana gang
cynically said, belonged" to them. By
means of a deception, he captured
'Martinez and seven men, all of whom
were taken to El Encanto.
"In this" state of affairs, the Colombians of La Union were, notified to
send all their rubber down to El Encanto at once or the Liberal (a company launch) would go up and bring it,
down by force. As is logical, this an*'
gered the Colombians and they replied
that they could and would defend
themselves against the aggressions of
the company.
- "The departure of the pirates of
Arana was notdelayed; Loayza armed
his men, embarked in the Liberal ana
in company with the government forces (on the government gun-boat Iquitos), on the afternoon of January 11th,
set out for La Union, which they
reached the next morning. As soon as
the Colombians saw the Liberal they
began to take up their positions. Their
leader, Prieto, held in one hand the
flag of his country, while he and Ordonez told the assaulting party not to
land.
• "As a consequence of the assault,
the tiring began. ...'.. This fire lasted about ten minutes, when the La
Union people retired from, the field,
and the crews of- the assaulting vessels disembarked. And it was here
that the most savage and repugnant
part of this act of-piracy took place. -
"Five corpses and two wounded_men_
t* p,,**M,,lI
,,.,.».     t.   ,1 1
IP VOU DON'T
Rsctlve Thc Ledger don't blame ue.
Watch the date of the expiration of
your subscription whleh le printed on
tht aamo label containing your ad-
dftu.
nothing worn*. Tint If ho nniiM In dum
tho publlo forcoH of tbo Ilopnrtnient of
Loruto to do thin dirty work for him,
tho deed would then partake of the
churiictor of u frontier dispute, iiiHloitd
of n crlmo committed by one private
i.iUrntiuai AftAitnu la van m-(,    Ami, lur-
thor, It would bo loss expensive to tho
compnny nnd fuifer for tin company'fl
proimrty nnd gun-men,
This scheme, apparently with tho
full co-opnrntlon of the Prefect, was
duly carried out early In 1908. flat-
d;uu k.u not ilfceWi-.d, l.OAt-vrr, and
In tbo mnt Issues of Ln Pel pa laid bare
thc <*tulrc plot and tin ramification*,
ns uii] bo neen from tlio following extracts:
"Gabriel Martlncx. ih« Colombian
Pollco Inspector, wna encamped upon
tho banks of the Yubinet, n stream
that enters tho Upper Putumayo, with
eomo forty Colombian catieheros, and,
lay stretched out on the ground: one
of these, was Prieto, who had been
wounded by a bullet in the right leg
and was crawling towards the forest.
  Behind* this man came a negro,
an ex-sergeaiit of the garrison, and he,
in the presence and with the approval
of all tbe rest, shot Prieto twice in the
head t-nd then stepped up to the other
man and killed him also.
"The dead were robbed of everything they had on them, and Loayza
searched eagerly among Ordonez' pa-
pers for his correspondence, All this,,
as well as the 23,000 kilos of rubber,
wns taken aboard. Meanwhile the employees of Arana were searching the
forest for the unhappy women of the
fugitive Colombians, and, as soon as
they wero discovered, these fiends,
nfter satisfying their bestial appetites,
conducted them to tho Liberal."   >
'ihis nccounts^for Ordonez & Martinez nnd Illustrates how their ostate
dime Into tho hands of the Peruvian
Amazon Compnny. The following extract from n Brnzllinn paper, O Jornnl
do Commerclo, shows tho fato thut bo-,
fell Sorrnno and Gonznloz about six
weeks later:
"Wo havo just boon Informed by the
Colombian Consul that a horrible hec-
tacomb has occurred at a place called
La Reserva, sltimted upon the left
bunk ot the RIvor Caraparana, n tributary ot tho Putumayo.
"Zumnota nnd Flares,""employees of
the Peruvian Amazon Company,' ac-
eompnnlod by thoir followers, mado a
rnld on La RoBorva, whero thoy captured Serrano, tho owner of tho ostato,
with'' hia employees. All thoso men
woro put In chnliiB nnd then murdered
mont barbaroiiflly, their eorpsoB, horribly mutilated, bolng thrown into tho
rlvor, Previous to this oporntlon, thoy
had boon obliged to rovonl whoro tliey
hnd put tliolr monoy.
"Sorrana'B house nnd oil It contnlnod wns burned to tho ground. David
Sorrnno hnd boon OBtnbllBhod Micro
olglit yonrH und hnd domostlcntod a
tribe of IndlmiH culled tho Ynbuynnos,
who nro todny enslaved by tho syndl-
ente,
"Not HiitlHl'lod with MioHo murders,
they committed nnother, of|iinl)y horrible and ntrocloiis, lldofonso Qonxnloz,
nn Intrepid Colombian,' hnd resided
■eighteen year* en tho Cnrnparann and,
during thlB tlmo, lind cleared up n
flmnll CHtuto; iih this mn ii wns ono of
the chlof obBtnclon to tho usurpntlon
of tho deputed territory, lie wua warned lo withdraw,
"floiimloz obeyed and Hlnrtod to embark downstream In tx cnn<>n, but on
>..<. ...*,,, juiuituu tl Uitii-.i.UKu Uiul It'll-
ed bim tn tbe jrrmwrt morlnlly 'Vfuud
ed: Btlll not content, tbo Poruvlnns
finfshnd htm with a club and throw
his body Into tho rlvor. A wretch
named Olnnotn, a chlof of a loctlon or
the Arana Company, superintended
this crime.'"
Arnnn bad Again triumphed. The
throo Colombian ost-ptos, La Union, Ln
Itoaorva and HI Dorado, which ha had
coveted eo long, nt last paused Into
bla hands. And no mattor what happened, ho waa info, for In tho first
plnee, the Peruvian Amnzon Company
wae a British concern, and In the second pIhcu, tb» P-miivluu Guvtiriimunt
iUelf having participated In tlie murder of the Colombian*, had virtually
aaaumed the responsibility for these
cold-blooded crimen.
nut Arana waa detUned to meet
with an unploaaant aurprlae. Involved
In tho eerlee of tragte frniHn thnt rul-
minated-in'the'murder of the Colombians,; were' the write of this and his
friend and companion, Mr. .W. B. Perkins, whoin this "way observed enough
of the methods of the Arariai syndicate
tclead them to believe that they merited, further investigation.
" Leaving Colombia, we had descended the Putumayo in a-canoe, and, after
a pleasant 'and "interesting journey of
about two months, had, on January 1,
1908,- reached La Union, the post of Ordonez & Martinez. A few days later,
we arrived at La Reserva, where we
were hospitably received by Serrano.
Perkins stopped here, while I, accompanied by some Colombian, friends!
pushed on to El Dorado. During our
stay here, we saw the Liberal and the
Iquitos ascending the river, en- route
as we learned afterwards, to commit
the horrors of La Union, so well described by Saldana above. Two days
later, while ascending the river to La
Reserva, we met with the two pirate
vessels returning from this sanguinary
scene. We were fired on and captured
by the detachment of Peruvian soldiers on board the Iquitos. Later we
were transferred to the Liberal, where
we found Perkins also a prisonef. He
had been captured at La Reserva,
where the "patriots" broke into and
burglarized the house, Serrano and his
■men having fled to the forest at their
approach. , '
We were then taken to Ei Encanto,
where we were detained for several
days awaiting the disposition that Loayza should make of us... At last, having, succeeded in impressing this individual with the idea that it would be
inexpedient to "remove" us, we were
told that we might proceed to Iquitos.
As our baggage, however, remained at'
La, Reserva and we did not care to
leave it at the mercy of the cut-throats
of the company, it was decided that
Perkins should stop at El Encanto until it was recovered, while I went on to
Iquitos.
While not witnessing any actual
atrocities during'my involuntary stay
at El Encanto, I observed numerous
indications that led me to believe that
they were of frequent occurrence.
Thus tbe unfortunate Indians,' who
loaded and unloaded the vessels that
stopped at the port were so weak and
scarred and , debilitated that they
could, could, in many cases, hardly
walk. It was a pitiful sight to see
them,'practically naked, their bones
almost protruding through their skins,
and "all branded with the infamous
"marpa de, Arana" ("the , mark of
Arana"—the scars on their backs from
floggings) staggering up the steep hill,
carrying  upon   their  doubled   backs'
enormous weights k of merchandise.
Still more pitiful was it to see the sick
and dying lie about the house and iu
the adjoining forest, unable to move
and without anyone to; aid , them in
their agony.
This belief on my part was still further strengthened by the narrative of
Perkins, who subsequently rejoined
me at Iquitos, without having been
able to recover the baggage. Perkins
thus describes some of the scenes he
witnessed:
'.'One morning, while a company of
soldiers was-lined up in the yard for
Inspection, a party started from the
house to a camp in the woods, carrying provisions on the backs,of Indian
porters. All of these Indians were in
a state of starvation, and one poor
devil was too weak to .carry his load,
about seventy pounds.' After falling
down repeatedly, he was told to fall no
moro; and ad he began staggering and
looked as If he wore going to fall, one
of the Peruvians shot him in the back,
and he died.
"Indians wero frequently tlod to
stakes driven ln tho ground and whip-
pod on their naked bodies until the
flosh was a quivering Jelly-like iiiubb,
and then turned loose. In a fow days,
if tho Indian was not nlrondy dond, ho
was generally shot, bocuuso tho mng-
Bots In his bnck, together with. 1Mb
stench and tho Improbability of his further usefulness, made him 'an undesirable"
Thoso facts Induced mo, during my
stay of some slxtoon months In Iquitos, to investigate still further tho conditions iu tho Putumayo. At tho ond
of thnt period, having obtained Buffl-
ciont data, I wont .to England, In nn
ondeavor to nrouao public opinion
thero.
they felt, justified' in" rendering "a\er-
diet of acquittal.* In View-of theI pre*,
ent situation, we-would like to ask
these. same; gentlemen' if > they" should
be empaneled upon the'jury which will
try this case, just how far they would
consider thlsviolation of the law, even
granting that it be technical, as criminal, or whether they could find something extenuating in it? *
" To our'-mind/'the New York Call hit
the nail on the head In commenting on
this case, the editor evidently having
in.mind the intent of Mr.BIanck to
escape punishment by., evasion,- when
it said:  , - '- '..>-   ' _
"He could, for instance^ leave his
factory doors swinging ; open' freoly,
and, instead, chain his employees by
the leg to'the'machines or to ring-bolts
in "the floor, if the Jaw does not ex-"
pressly prohibit that, which we do not
believe it does. Or he might devise
some ingenlpus ball and chain or leg-
iron attachment which would impede
their locomotion downstairs and at the
same time create ^enough noise to prevent their slipping out unobserved." >
The' average daily newspaper usually avails itself of any opportunity to
work up a sensational story during a
labor trouble, and,usually the story, if
there should happen to be violence of
any kind, is biased toward the employees, yet we have failed to see any
great prominence given this unlawful
act which Jeopardized many lives, although less than three years ago this
same firm was morally responsible for
147 deaths.
As we have before stated on many
occaslons,.it is our belief that the public will line up solidly behind the work-
ers if 'they institute a nation-wide
strike against all employers who insist upon.their working in factories
where their lives are -menaced by insufficient fire protection, as It is our
belief that regardless of the many existing laws upon this matter, drastic
action by the workers, themselves is
the only.manner in which their safety
during working hours can be secured.
—The Garment Workers.       •  , .
,•-.   V **. * *■-,•, 5 ■'-> jj       \   *•    -      i.        _       im-..*,      ■"'      ..*   ■■*)   -J-*    ;   ^    -        4   ,"-„-      *.x''~t      -T—--. v?
-- .i '    ^ .' .'jk ;-<v j v i \ ' rj v\.- \        y /.vv     j-$csV     -.V - »,a Vil'':   - 'v^ ''V--*--' --'v^-fe.^: -T  -. "^ ''
^iti^i^A^rtaM^q
'9 ;V
LABOR CONDITIONS IN
OLD COUNTRY FIND'
\.
PARALLEL HERE
THE   SAME  TRIANGLE  COMPANY
Loss thnn throo yonrs ago In the
factory of the Trlnnglo WulBt Com-
puny 147 IIvob woro IobI bocniiHO sufficient methods of oscapo from tiro
nnd looked doora had not boon provided, yot ono dny last weolt Mr, Mnx
lllnnck of this firm wiih hold for tho
Soptombor torm of special soBalons for
hnvlng tbo door» of tlio factory obnln-
cd during working hours,
Whon arraigned on UiIh chargo, do-
splto tho fact that tbo Inepoctor making tho chnrgo nworo to tho truthful*
neBs of his Btntomont In tfio complaint,
Mr iBInnck enlmly plonded not guilty,
presumably upon tho ground that tho
fneterv tnw fnehMn \\,t* "innMWr." ,,f
doors during tho tlmo nmplovnnn nre
working, but no mention le mndo of
chains,
Truo, tho dlfferonco In phraseology
may furnish a loophole of oicnpo for
thoHo noblo examples of pmmifnctur-
i-m wno nro nlw/iys willing to "tnko n
chnnco," ospoclnlly when tho other follow hna AiBumod all of tho danger Incident! to working In a building
where bin or her ogrein la handicap-
T>od by chains Inatead of locks, but except for a ffno splitting of hairs wo
full to note any dlfferew.o to tho poor
devil who cnn not get out of a burning
building, between chains and locks
Somo of tho jurora who acquitted
the member* of thia firm on tho
ehnrge of m/wml-nighter aa a roanlt of
tbo ln«t fire ploadftd attenuating elr*
enmataneca »«d maintained that while
the firm might bur* Immw n^fflltnit it
waa not criminally so, conaequently
Things are "moving some" in the
Old Country. There Is the Inevitable
discontent, due to the expansion of
capitalism. The workers in Liverpool
are again at outs with the master
classVrefusing to load or unload boajs
for or from the port of Dublin.
The reason is not far to seek, as the
workers Hhere (in Dublin) are out on
strike.  '
' All oyer the British Isles, the same
symtoms are in evidence. Strikes over
the price that'is to be paid to men-
who are compelled to sell themselves
in order- to get a measly existence.
The discontent Is not limited to any
given^ or particular area; it is the
same_alr o ver~tfie~countrv.
In fact the situation is so ominous
that the government haye had to send
gunboats up to Leith in order to strike
terror into the hearts of the workers.
Even in face of the death dealing instruments, It has not cowed the workers-. It has again illustrated the ever
patent fact that as long as the political power is in the hands of the masters they' will always send soldiers and
sailors to shoot down the workers In
event ot the latter becoming too much
of a menace to the capitalist class,
■Surely, when one gets down to think
over this matter, there is a similarity
of conditions, In England-and on Vancouver'Island. If anything tho condition on the Island is worse, because
there, Instead of tha soldiers being
"paid!' for their foul work (as they
are In England) they are-a debased
set of slaves who.havo to compete
with one another in ordor to keep
their Jobs. Yet even that has not
opened tliolr eyes to tho situation. The
time is not far distant,' when thoy
themselves may go out on strike, for
£he same reason that has caused the
minors to do so on Vancouver Island.
Hero aro mon not sufficiently In touch
with prosont day conditions, to go and
answer a call to "duty" which is nothi
Ing else thnn nn ondoavor to shoot
down men, who have the mawllneBB to
combat conditions that thoy maintain
aro not ab thoy should bo,
Curaiid with that "patriotism" worthy of tho scoundrels /who Invoke It,
thoso mllltln mon go vo give n dose of
tbo mod'lclno they will got'-themselves
whon thoy too try to put a stop to tbe
hldeousiios'fl of their Blnvory.
But' Intelligence will ' soon mako
them boo another aBpeot of tho caBo.
Thrown, an thoy will bo, into tho
army of tho unemployed, whon no
mnstor cnn grind profit out of thorn,
thon, nml thon, alono, will en Ugh ton-
mont como to thorn, Perhaps, nt that
tlmo will romorso sot lu and thoy mny
bocomo worthy of our consideration,
Until tho workors understand tlio roa*
hoii for nrmlos, huvIqb, pollco nnd othor kinds of nnlmnlB, wo will ho a llttlo
nouror to a docont Byatom of BoeJoty.
An army Ib usod to protoot tho property of tbo capitalist class; a navy Is
used to protect tho cbmmerco of tho
merchant class.
In all this, w-horo do tho working
class como In? Havo thoy ANY Intor-
eat .In defending the proporty ot tliolr
opprooftors?  Cortninly not.
Thoy uro paid tor their work boforo
anything Js sold,  Tho working class
ia iuuuuu Ul4iuni_ luo> RHl pillU, ,\ol
nftrr. ' Tf, tben. Ibis !.: llu. i'mv, »'}Jai
Is tho uso of bothering nbout bow the
capitalists dlvldo ud tbo proceo"» of
tho robbory? What tho working class
must do Is to stop tho robbory.
M   TUTTTT7
'jAn6^h,&r :Gi§^-^ike
Liverpool, as B-efore/-Will Be Storm
Centres-Other,, Big Centres Are Al-
ready ..Involved and!Tie-up la Ex-
pected on Northwestern, .
LONDON,. Sept.- 25-^The country is
again threatened.with a'great raHwajr
strike and Liverpool, as before, will be
the storm centre; „ Tbe trouble began
with the refusal df the Liverpool dockers to handle freight if rom-Dublin,
where the transport workers are, on
strike. Men to the. number of 3.500
employed in the freight yards of the
various railways,-went out Tuesday afternoon and were jbined later by 4,000
from Birmingham. •
That a compilete freight tie-up,is expected on the Northwestern ■ lines Is
indicated, by a .warning Issued" by the
Cunard officials to homeward bound
Americans to carry, all .their baggage
with them on the boat trains*;
The Liverpool.■workers.struck„with-
out the sanction of the railway union
and lack of support may, prevent a
national strike on the railways, but as
other, big centres are involved' the outlook is bad;    -   ;  -;     ,
„  >r) Transport Employees Out
The (labor upheaval in. various parts
of the country gave no sign of abate-
nfent Tuesday, though no strike has
been declared. The more 'serious position Js that created by tbe order Issued by -Messrs. -Billing,, one of the
members of Omnibus Tube combine,
that no employee, shall wear^pn his
uniform tbe button which Is the badge
of the Transport Workers' trade'union. Incidentally, the aforesaid'uniform
has to be provided by the' wearer himself. This dispute. over . a . button
which, it is clear, has been fomented
by the employers, seems to be.-leading to a strike -which-, will affect the
whole of Londbn. The drivers' union
retaliated on the company's order by
adopting a resolution calling out all
the employees of the transport combine, which includes practically all the
motor bus lines and tube railways, unless .all drivers discharged for wearing the button are immediately reinstated and the union recognized.
The men who coal ships' havinb
joined the ranks of the' Manchester
ship canal dockers, already on strike,
the whole of the canal, traffic is
threatened, with stoppage.     -
A Hopeful Feature
The only hopeful feature is the appointment of a committee of strikers
to negotiate with the companies."',
At■•■■. Dublin the deadlock continues.
Vast'crowds gathered in the Btreets
tonight, but there was only one riot,
jdijchIresulted„In_the^smashing^of-the-
windows of street - cars. More than
10,000 men are on strike in, Dublin. ,'
. The bus drivers' union adopted a
resolution tonight calling ;out" the employees - of' the transport combine
which includes practically all the' motor bus lines and tube railways, unless
drivers discharged for wearing the
union badge are immediately reinstated and the union recognised. '
Condition Is Very Serious :
- LONDON,   Sept.,. 17.—England   is
threatened   with - the . most   serious-"-
strike of- union 'labor in its history, according to union leaders here*tod&yi;—
The trouble began with the lockout of ■ '
large numbers of workmen last week- !
in Dublin,,in consequence of a strike
of transport workers because of. tbe-}".
employment   ot-non-unioh   laborers.- ■
Rum'Mings ,;of discontent have Bince
been beard .throughout the entire'la-- ^:
bor community df the British Isles/,;
but .thus far eruptions,, have occurred    ,
only in the larger cities. n.' '
''- Sympathetic Strikes; > -
-* The sympathetic strike of the Liver- -
pool dockers and of railroitf workers
there and at Birmingham, has already
stopped the threfe'great tfunk railways
serving the mjdland counties of England, and the 'Manchester ship canal
company also. Is contending with a
strike of dock laborers for 'better
wages. 0 ■ * •       "
At - Liverpool,  seven.. of the great
freight depots were Idle this morning   <
and others are likely soon to be closed  0
for want of traffic.
In Ireland, too,* attempts have failed
to settle the Dublin troubles, which
have  caused   the ' developments   in   l
Liverpool and Birmingham.
Markets May Close' Doors
-  The difficulty of getting provisions
into the 'Irish capital has become so
great that it is believed the markets
will have to close their doors."
London has been only indirectly
affected by the strike on the railroads
in the midlands. The, metropolis is
more directly interested In the threatened strike of motor omnibus drivers
because the employers refuse to allow
employees to wear union badges." The
bien held a meeting today and passed
a resolution in favor of a strike which
would be in favor ot a strike which „•'-
would tie up all the motor omnibuses
and tube lines In Londom   '     .
Labor members bf /parliament de-.
clare that the trouble in Dublin and
elsewhere, has been .caused by the determination of the employers to challenge the rights of labor- to organize.
WOUNDED BEAR
15    ATTACKS RANCHERS ''„'
Six Hundred Pound Specimen is Klll-
-   ed at Robert Quinn'g Place
at Harrop
, Robert Quinn, of Harrop. was a -vis-
itor^to Nelson bn Saturday and stated
that a big black bear, weighing over
600 lbs., was killed" on his ranch last
Thursday evening, .The Bkin, which,
is a beauty, is in-the hands of Hugh
_T)r-ia4_.fr.*j*_/.,intn-nr_.-A-n^_ —-..-.■— A. ^. ,_
*-.w«3-.vI- -WW* ,u^-auu-uiUUUUUK;—oEUlu
had been in the neighborhood for seven or eight days and among his many
depredations had killed three pigs and
caused considerable damages to the
ranches. On being located the whole
settlement turned out with every gun
that could,, be-.spcured, On being
wounded the bear'suddenly made for.
tbe attackers, causing a rapid scat-
tratlon, but, a well-directed shot from •
a .303 finished the combat,
Grand Uniofi Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta:
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G, A, CLAIR *      ;-:. Proprietor
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
Hardware Furniture
a • i
Wo will ftirniBh your houso from collar to garrot
and at bottom pricos. Call, Writo, Phono or
Wire.    All   ordors given   prompt attention,
Coleman,        -        Alta.
If you aro satisfied toll otliow.   i f not satisfied- toll .us
Steam Heated Throughout
ElectrlcJLighted
'   THE KING EDWARD HOTEL
J. L. GATES, Proprietor
Fernie, B, C.
The Leading Commercial Hotel of the City
Rates $2.50 per day
With Pri****** P**\, *« M
Firo Proof Sample
_J
After a two month** cnmpalgn announcement I* made by officers of tho
tJnltod Mino Workers of tho Pittsburgh district that overy mino in tho
More*Nllu tier coal flolds Is organised.
This Is thn first orgnnliatlon of nny
account that tbo mino workors havo
hud In the Mercer-TUUler field since
IDiift, whon their union was destroyed
through tho disastrous strlko of that
year. Tho miners hsvo th« right to
employ n chadrwelghinaii. tho cheek-
off nnd full recognition of tho union Is
glten. The agreement adds t,700 miners t« the ttrtfHttifitttnti fn THaMct Vty.
8, v
C r? rvnnrs
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
**s*faS^ ■^rcr^ri.
^■^^JiZmtZ^mH*^ ^^^n^ws^c??.^ r«-»twimr«Hiii#Hi«s r
><»«>ttti -iiMlMfeiWfS- "
l*>-i!>Hhl&   ttOkt    tt .
■s tm^m'H-twpttiimkm
imttWMmmtfv***
;a,,4K3a'A.fe..-.
"""■"■" ****Jt-***' i, i&S^ffi^UZtfs^ iP:^$x^A^x*,  -,
i Ayti-Af:?y4^vXf^^XA%^yy, il*WXA7MmA--jj • r ss   k A, x sTyAAxf-*- y-x -      A
*, ■   i*,    **• ^U \ .;^\*w*,-^ AV ^i£^ ,>.>,.,   ,,tv u.-),.,-A.  .-, f>;--'ir<* f. **,
Lf-;
THE DISTWCT;I^Gia/FERME, B. C, SEPTEMBKt,27f 1911
"  /
.PAGE SEVEN
-\
jf he Hotel
One of Ihfe
**     -   ,    ,        it        «\ •.' '.     -A,.,.   ,     "
"      •'       ',V'..     '* ",   '*n.       $■*.'    "'
By.AAAs.xX A
e^st
C. J. JCKSTORM ;    Prop.
-Lethbridge, Alta. .-
The
"and 7
voiiif
Genuine
Beware of
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
Minard's
Liniment
Passburg
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
,    Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN  . Passburg
P. Carosella
-Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceris, Boots and Shoes
\   Gents' Furnishings ,
. BAKER oAVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,, B.C.
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
For our Foreign Brothers
LO SCIOPERO NEL
Colorado Meridionale
Marteci 16 corr. i membri del 15 Distretto U. M. W. of A. rinniti in Convenzione speciale a Trinidad *delibera:,
rpno ad unanimita di proclamare. lb
sciopero martedi 23 corr. se le Compagnie, non accoglieranno le domande
dei' minatori.,    ,
" Le quali domande sono:
AX.'. iRiconoscimento deU'Unione.
,-•2.. iDieci per cento d'aumento dl
paga .sia pei giornalieri" che pei cot-
timisti, sia pei minatori • che per gl'-
Impiegati ai-forni del coke'.
3. Otto ore di lavoro per quelli che
lavorano -nell'lnterno o nello" ambitd
delle.miniere o dei fornl del coke.
4. Pagamento di tutto 11 cosl detto
"dead  work"  lavoro  morto.    '
5. Un pesatore a tutte le miniere
eletto dai minatori.
C II diritto di acquistare merce In
qualunque negozio, di scegliere la propria casa dl penslone ed il proprio dot-
tore.   ' •      f
7. Stretta ' o^servanza delle leggi
mlnerarie.. , - -
8. tAbolizione del corpo dei birrl
delle compagnie.
Denver, Colo.
0.' MARCOLINSA.
AVVISO
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
r Ai Minatori ed ai Lavoratori miner-
arl dentro ed intorno le miniere car-
bonifere del Colorado,' Utah, New Mexico e Sud Wyoming, Salute:
Siete notificati che tutti voi, delle
miniere sopra menzionate, siete rich-
iesti di deporre 1 vostri strumenti di
lavoro il giorno'9 NOVEMBRE 1013 e
lasclare il lavoro fino a quando le
Compagnie minerarle, per le quali voi
avete fino ad ora lavorato, acconsen-
tiranno di add! venire ad una confer-
enza di rappresenlanti di ambo .le
parti. Le .vostre domande saranno per
otto ore al giorno ed il yenti per cento
dl aumento di mercede per tonnellata
e.lavoro a giornata, miglion condizioni
per ]a .-.vehtilazi-pne del le miniere e
tutto quanto-appartiene alia salvezza
della vita e delle membra.
,- Nel far questo voi siete garantitf
dall'qrdine , del, Consiglio , Esecutivo
Nazion'ale, U. ^\. W. of A., mediante il
presidente John .Mitchell,, cbc vi gar-
antisce il suo a in to. " Ricordatevi che
questo e diiretto tanto agli unionisti
quanto al uoh unionisti. Non do'vete
aver tl morere fate quanto vi si dice.
B state fatto ogni sforzo ragionevole
per indurre gli operatori ad addi venire ad una conferenza, ma ess si son
positiyamenterifiutati e percbe? Per-
che desiderano"tenere in mano la ver-
ga del comando. Comprenderete facil-
mente che' s.' rorganizzione .e disfatta
e cacciata fuori dai campi significhera
per voi. la .continuazione de'.ia schiav-
itu. peggiore anzi dl prima.
Come ^sete attualmenle situati voi
nulla potete dire riguardo lo condizioni1 sotto oui lavorate, voi siete cos-
trettl a lavorare percepen do- solo
quanto i vostri. padroni credono com
veniente di darvl,
' Voi potete- chiaramente vedere
quanto ivostl* compagni dl mestie re
hanno fatto in loro vantaggia nell-Est,
ed oggi essi sono uniti e liberi ch-ecchja
possano dire al contrario i' vostri no-
mici.
Per, coloro -phe potranno essere
prlvaU della* casa in cui abltano e del
lavoro noi siamo pronti a fornirli dl
lovoro e dei mezzi dl trasporto fino a
miniere organizzate, dove tutti lavorano sotto un cielo libero, ma se vol
sarete compatte nel Iasciare i vostri
post! di lavoro ben poca neces'slta vl
sara di muo vere da questi'campi.
Compagni , lavoratori, ■ ricordatevi
che ora e il tempo di agire, mentre
I vostri compagni dimestlere stan per
venire alia vostra riscossa con tutti. 1
mezzi dl aluto e di difesa.       ,       l
Fraternamente Vostri,
JOHN MITCHELL, Presidente.
"•   T. L. LEWIS, Vice Presidente, '
W. B. WILSON, Seg. Tesoriere.
Per WM. HOWELLS, Presidente
del, Distretto.
SERIOUS FIRE AT PACKER  NO. 5
SHENANDOAH, Pa., Sept. 25.—A
serious fire is raging in the Holmes
vein of Packer No. 5, Lehigh Valley
Coal Company colliery, near Glrard-
ville, and- fire fighting crews from all
the company's; collieries are on ,the
-scene combating it in relay shifts. The.
fire is on the .shaft level, one hundred
feet west of the No. 1 sectional tunnel.
It started at 4.30, o'clock yesterday
afternoon but knowledge ot- it was so
closely guarded by ithe officials that
many were not aware of- It until this
morning. The Holmes vein is being
robbed and as the pillars are being
takenout the work is very hazardous.
It is believed tbat a (body of gas became ignited from one of the shots
firedand tbat it started tbe fire. -
The flames spread' to an old breast
which caused tbe officials much apprehension.   It is spreading rapidly and
notwithstanding all means known to,
mining little headway is being made.
iTlie' first aid corps, General Manager F. >M. Chase, Mining Superintendent Thomas Thomas of Wilkes-Barre,
Division Superintendent T. J. Hefner,
Mine Inspector James, O'Donnell, Kdward Williams, a former superintended iB. S. Daddow, division clerk, and
H. J. Weiler, Cirard Estate Inspector,
are on the scene of the firo.
The upp=ir leval, or, wha,. is known
as the Colovaii') level,.is working, but
the miners employed in the affected
part of 'the mine, quit, as soon as the
fire was discovered.
SLIT SKIRT CURES BLIND
" I Grow Hair, I Do"
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. '     B.iid at 2(1      ■   Restored at 30.     Still have it at 53
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A' NICE PULL HEALTHY" head of hair on a clean and healthy scalp, free
from irritation, or a bald head and a diseased and irritable scalp covered
with scales, commonly called Dandruff.   •
SCALES QJS THE SCALP or an Itchy Irritation Is positive proof your hair'
and scalp is ih a diseased condition, as scale commonly called Dandruff,
originates from one of the follow ingParastlclal Diseases of the Capillary
Glands, such as (Seborrhea, Sicca, Capitis, Tetter, Alopecia, or Excema)
and certain to result In absolute baldness unless cured before tho germ
has the Capillary Glands destroyed. Baldness and the loss of hair Is ab- •
solutely, unnecessary  and  very  unbecoming. ''
ALL DISEASES OF TIIE IIAUt fade away  like  dew   under  my  scientific'
treatment, and I posltlcly have tho only   system    o£    treatment  bo  far
known to sclonce that is positively and   .permanently    curing   diseases
of the hair ahd promoting new growth.   The hair'can  bo  fully restored ,
to Us natural thickness and vitality on all heads that stl}l show fine hair
or fuzz to prove the roots are not dead,   *
I HAVE A PERFECT SYSTEM of treatment for out of the city people
who cannot come to me for personal treatment .(WRITE TO-DAY) for
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"Consult the Best and Profit by 25 Years Practical Experience."       „
Prof. Geo. A. Garlow
*, ,    i
The  World's Most Scientific Hair and.Scalp Specialist
ROOM 1, WELDON BLOCK, WINNIPEG, MAN.
Ross & Mackay i!»
Coal Output of
GreatBritainin 1912
COLEMAN
- *.   ,- • •"  I,
Liquor Co.
Wholesale5Dealers in
Wine$
Liq
UOi'S
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
x
Nowhere In the Pmo oan bo
found In such a display of
Meats
Wa hava tha beat monay
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Boat, Piah, "Imperator Hami
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Walnera and Bauer Kraut.
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Calgary Cattle Go,
Phona 6tf
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO.
A. McDougall, Mgi
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First elaaa Horaet for Sale.
Buyi Horaea on Commlalon
George Barton    Phone 78
A "Ledger" adv. Is an
Investment.
List of Locals District 18
Ht*.
limns 6ec. and P. 0. Addreu
20 Bankhead ..,..,...P. Wboitloy, Hankhond, Alta.
481  Itaavcr Creek J. Lougttraa, Denver Creek, via Pinch er, Alta.
431  Dollovue .,' Jumoe Burke, Box,80, Bollovuo, Alta.
91QH   BIMrmoro W, L. Evana, Blalnuore, Alta.
212   r;».u**U....... '.", K,, utmfcft, i'&sMiurg, Alia.
3327  Carbondale.'  J, Mitchell, Carbondalo, Coleman, Alt*.
1387 Canmore., ,.. .N, I). Thachuk, Canmore, Alta.
3633  Coloman ..J. Johnstone, Coleman, Alta.
3877  Corbin,, J. Jonea, Corbin, B. 0.
1136 Chinook Mlnea ...Jaa. Home, Chinook, via Diamond City, Alta.
S178  Diamond City .J. EL Thornhlll, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo.
9.1T4   fttrnfo Thou. Uphill, Fernie, D. C,
1868 Frank..., ..,,, Evan Monan, Frank, Alta.
3497  Hoim^r ,,,., W, Daldoratouc, noaiu«r, B. C,
ICr.l  HlUcreat Jaa. Gorton. Hlllcrest, Alt*.
674  lethbridge L. Moore, 1781 8Uth Avian*, N, Lethbridge.
1189 Lethbridge CoDleriM..Frank Barringhau, Coalhnrat, AJU.
1828,.Ma»U Le*( ,T. 0. Harriet, Paaiburg. Alt*.
3334  Michel..... H. Slmar. Michel, n. C.
14  Monareh Mlnea , W«. Kyad, Rlcan P. 0„ Tabar, Alt*.
3393  rUMtvus T. 0* tUrvlM, Vaaaburg, Alta. t
Ittt Royal VUw...., (kw. Jordan. Royal ColIlerfM, Lethbridge, Alto.
101 Taber ** A. Pattenoa, Tabar, Alu.
•' The "total number of persons employed in and about* all coal mines in
Gj-eat Britain in 1912 was 1,117,148, of
^*twnuJJ}89,rft9ft^v:orked_at„thet4,265--
mines operated under the" Coal -Mines
Act, ,and 28,058 at the 645 mines under
the Metalliferous Mines Act.   '   ''
I' -, n       , r\
■Compared with 1911 there is an increase of 21,877 persons at the mines
under the Coal Mines Act, and a de«
crease of 967'persons at the mines'under the Metalliferous Mines Act,
Of the 1,089,090 persons working at
the mines under the Coal Mines Act
878,759, or 80.7 per cent., were employed below ground. Of the 210,331 sUr-
faco workera 6,48$, or 3,08 per cent,
were females. There Is an Increase of
207 females as compared with 1911.
The number of persons under 16
years employed below ground In these
mines was 50,447, or G.74 per cent.,of
the underground workers; the total
number of surface and undqrground
workers undor 10 years was 71,043, or
6.52 per cent, of all worfcera.
At tho mines under the Metalliferous Mines Act, 10,120 porsons, ot 50.0
per cent., worked' bolow ground, and
of tho 11,332 surfaco workers 176, or
1,55 per cent, wore females.
Tho total output of mlnernls' nt
mines operated undor the Goal Mines
Act was 273,192,001 tons, of which 200,-.
398,258 wero conl, 2,287,719 fire-clay,
6,744,258 lron-stono, 2,184,826 oll-sliale
and 576,620 sundry minerals.   .
Adding 17,700 toiiB from opon quar-
rloB, tho total output of conl wns 200,-
410,338 tons, a docroaso of 11,475,501
tons on that of tho previous year.
The output of coal from mines op-
prated undor tho Conl Minos Act wns
260,398,578 tons In 1012 ns compared
with 271,878,121 tons In 1911. Tlio
falling off ln production Ih, however,
somewhat loss than the figure's Indicate In .previous yonrs somo ownors
havo boon returning the gross weight
sont out of the pit, Including dirt; this
yoar tho not output of conl has boon
returned,
Tho actual falling off, therefore, of
output, Including tlio small quantities
obtained from qunrrloa, la 9,207,772
tons.
Tlio decrease In output of conl Is accounted for' by tho strlko of coal minors from March 1 to April 10, nnd la
leas than might havo boon anticipated; but before the strike collieries
ln moat of tho districts were worked
to capacity.
The output In 1012 and tho docreaae
or Incroaso In tho eight inspection districts as compared with tho previous
year was;
Decrenso
•output orlncrcnaa
N'cn'atulJi-- 23,ii2,S!/!i —i'.i'JMftt
Scotland  40.032.103 -~1.08fl.97O
York and North
Midland  65.168.886 —1,816,584
Maneheater and
ii Ireland'  10,«M 4*1 — ii« w
Liverpool    and
North Wales . 16,930,777 -'• 463,11:2
South Wolea ... 60,367,023 plug67,190
Midland' and
Southern ..... 26,336,210 — 647,348
cidents, while the number of deaths
is the same.
At quarries operated under Quarries
Act there were HlJatal accideats,-
which resulted  in.'75" deaths.    Com-
As Result of "Miracle," Kansas City
Beggar Goes to Jail *  -
KANSAS CITY,' Mo„ Sept. 25.—His
eyes staring fixedly .beforehim, M. J.
McCarty, a beggar, limped his way uncertainly along the street here today
with a large "deaf, dumb and blind"
sign swinging -from.his neck.   .
J. W. West gave 'McCarty a dime after reading a, heart-touching story
printed on a card handed him by McCarty. As the' beggar- passed into the
street from, the Electric Company's
store, a very pretty young woman
stepped up to him and, gave him a
dime. West saw the; young woman
approach the beggar and he also saw
that she had on a slit skirt of the most
extreme style. Then he saw,, too, that
the "bllnd"man saw what he saw. Apparently he had regained his sight at
the approach of tbe slit, skirt and what
it only half concealed. • He even look-
ad back over Jxip shoulder as the
young woman proceded down the
street.
"Ura-m-m; me for that!" West
heard him say, proving that he was
not dumb. i
;MoCarty was arrested. He ' admitted he was "playing off" and was
"sent, up" for 100 days..-.    _ - >
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Kelp
pared with-1911 there is a decrease of
25 in number of accidents, and 24 in
the number of deaths.
The total number of non-fatal accidents during the year, which disabled
for more than seven days was 150,217
at mines under the iCoal Alines Act, by
which'150,652 persons were'injured; at
mines under the .Metalliferous Mines
Act 1,641, by which 1,650 persons were
Injured; at quarries under the Quarries Act, 4,597, by which 4,620 persons
were injured.
Compared with 1911, there is a decrease of 15,964 in numbersof persons
injured at mines under, the Coal Mines
Act, nnd 569. nt ■ quarries under the
Quarries Act.
Tho non-fatal accidents reported to
tho Inspectors during tho year were, ln
mines under €oul Mines Act was 5,078,
a decrease of 432 as compared with
1911; under the -Motnlliferous Mines
Act, 210, a decrease pf seven as compared with 1011 j ln quarries under tho
Quarries, Act, 1,025, a decreoso of 115
us compared with 1911. '   .
The death rato among underground
workers at mines under the Coal
Mines Act wns 1.25 por 1,000 persons
employed ns against 1.29 in 1911; the
doath rate of the surface workers was
0.83 per 1,000 employed as against 0.73
In tho provlous yoar. The doath rate
of the underground and surfaco workers as a wliolo waB 1,17 us against 1.19
In 1011,
At. mines operated under tho Motal-
llforons MlnoB Act the doath rato
among underground workers was 2.33
por 1,000 persons omployod, and of sur.
face workera 0.35 per 1,000. Tlio corresponding figures for 11111 wore 2.00
and 0,61 roRpectlvoIy. Tho denth rate
of underground and .surfaco workora
ns a wholo was 1,53, whilo that of 1911
was 1,48.
At tlio quarries tho doath rate from
accldontB of workors Inslilo tlio pltH
or excavations was 1.1 por 1,000, and
of porsons employed nt factories and
workshops outsldo tho quarries, but
connoctod with thorn, 0,66 por 1,000,
Tho corresponding figures for 1911
woro 1.50 nnd 0.58 respectively, Tho
death rato of tho Insldo and outside
workors na a wliolo wna 0.4 In 1912 ns
nan inst 1.19 In tho previous yonr,
Although thoro ih an IncroaRO In
numbor ot denth* from accidents at
min oh undor tho Coal Minos Act nH
compared with the provloua yoar the
dnntli rntoa'per 1,000 parsons omployod bolow ground, and for surface and
mn^ttt-nirt, ,.„,»   r;;>.1  l;-.1t  ;.; w   ^   \vni,a[,
n-n rrenrrt
Hnd thorn boon no strlko tho number of fatal accldont* would have been
greater, and tho death rates alio, aa
thoy would havo been calculated on
the same number of person* emplnvrd
us aro given )n the tables, no allow,
tinco having been mndo on account of
the atrlke In the roturm regarding persona employed.—Tho Coal and Coke
Operator.
AMAZING EVIDENCE
IN THEFT OF PEARLS
Everything
Up-to-date
.Call in and
see us once
JOHN PODBIELANCIK, Prop.
Total 268.884,137 -0.Sft7.77*
•Uh dirt
At the miner operated under the
Coal Mine* Act there were 1,W»1 tep-
•rate fatal accidents, causing 1,376
death*. Compared with 1911 there It
a decreaae of 61 In number of accident* and an increaae of 11 In number or 4«atfca. Of tbe 1,316 persona
killed 71 wer# und*!" tg y*nr» of net,
at agalnat 78 ln tbt preceding year.
'At the mine* under tba Mctalllfor-
{ou* Mine* Act tbert were 46 fatal ac-
The Miners' Herald la a new paper
Juat alerted at Montgomery, Fayette
rnuntv, W. V*, whlrti Hfiitttm to be the
organ of ihe United Mine Worker* of
tbe State. It i* a newsy, well-printed
aheet.
ShiUtk Gun
•t/M-xiv «r«M eoo-awa, cumc« coisb.
NAM THE TMaoaV JIM l<MW«. ft MJ»W
Five Men Accused of "Steal ing Neck
lace Worth $585,000
LONDON, Sept. 15.—Amazing evidence, more resembling fiction than
fact, waB given today at, the, Bow
street police court in the hearing of
the charge against five omen named
Lockett, Grlzzarda, Silverman, Gut-
wlrth and '.McCarty, of stealing and receiving the $585,000 pearl necklace,
the property of 'Max Meyer, which was
taken*from the mails July 15 or. 16
between London and, Paris,
Tho statement by tho treasury counsel, Ronald Muir, bore out a story
published by the Paris Matin last
week. Whether the pearls were stolen
hi France or England is not yet clear.
In Antwerp, one of tlio prisoners,
Gutwirth, met a relative of his wife
named Drnndstatter, and in the course
of a conversation asked lilm If he
could Introduce a purchaser for Meyer's necklace.
' Reward of $5,000
Drnndstatter, remembering ■ tho reward of $5,000 offered for the recovery of the pearls, consulted with his
cousin named QiindBtoin, nnd the two
entcrod into negotiations by letter
with Gutwirth, who returned to London,
Meotlngs took plnco with Gutwirth,
Grlzznrdfi and Sllvorninii in London
tea shops and hotels. At ono toa shop,
three of tho pearls wero pnssod In u
mutch box by one of tlio prlsonors
protending to *bo n stranger to his accomplice sitting nt tho next table. In
tho monntlmn nrnnilRtnttor hnd com-
munlcatod with AlossrH. Prlco & Gibbs,
tho underwriters' ngonts, and nt tliolr
suggestion a third pursou wiih introduce^, to tho throo prlsonors and
nnmod ns tho prlnclpnl In the proposed purchase,
Parisian Purchase* Two
This wnB Mr, Spnnlor, of Pnrlp, who
Bimcoodod In purchasing two of tho
Htolcn pearls, actually saw tho wholo
of tho missing nockluco nl n tnoutlng
at tho First Avamio Hotel In Ilolboni.
Anothor mooting w«r arranged for
tho purchase of the whole of tlio
nocklnce at which tho pollco arrested
Gutwirth, (Irl/i'-nrdH nnd Silverman,
but whon thoy wero searched, It was
found thnt thn upcklnco wns not In
their poKHctisloi).
Throughout tlio negotiations the
couiiBOl said, the prisoners acted with
tho graatnRt cnutlon to gunnl ngaltiHt
bolng surprised by tho pollco,
CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES
IN INDIA
Some very interesting d.ita ou the
co-operative solution of India hns
boon gathered by the International
wu1v.au mi i.rtimi, iii ii ii0,uftfc .tie lor
but one provlnco, Madras, and are ns
follows;
"The flr«t co-operatives wore started In 1905, when there were 25 organised, with a total mciwbornhlp of 2733.
Theae have grown In the seven year*
following until in i'iii U>'-r« w«rB HA
co-operative* with a membership of
CO ICC. Tlila upU duvt'Iiipmuitt Is
largely due to the fact that the co-operative societies laid thrmielve* out
eipeclally for money-lending which
for the Impecunious Indian* means
such a lot Tbe fo-njwrstlvp aocietlts
at first loaned money to their members, but they ar* no*' fn«vtnra(rtng
their Member* to tlve without borrow*
Ing. Thia ln Itself I* working a grrat
benefit to tbt people.
, We Are Ready to Scratch
off your bill any item of lumber not
found just as we represented. There
Is no hocus pocus in
This Lumber Business
When you want spruce we do not
send you hemlock. When you buy
first-class lumber we don't slip in a
lot of culls. Those who buy once from
us always come again. - Those who
have not yet made our acquaintance
are taking chances they wouldn't encounter if they bought their lumber
here.
Advertise in the Ledger;
and get Results.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
* — Dealers In —
Lumber,.,- Lath,   Shingles,   Sash   and
Doors.     SPECIALTIES—Mouldings,
Turnings, Brackets, and Detail Work
OFFICE AND YARD—McPherson ave.
Opposite G. N. Depot.   P.O. Box 22,
Phone 23,
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELLER AND OPTICIAN
FERNIE
B.C.
Imperial Bank of Ganada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorized ..   $10,000,000      Capital Paid Up       6,925,000
Reserve and Undlvld- Toti| A**et*     72,000,000
ed Profits         9,100,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
- BRANCHES   lil   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Gold en,   Kamloops,   Michel,   Nelson,,.
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victor!*,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH A. M. OWEN, Manafler
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., L1..1)., D.C.L., I>r«a14*fiit
ALEXANDER LAlHh JOHN Mill)
General Mannjrr
Aaalitnnt General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
BANKING BY MAIL
Accounts may bc opened at every branch of Thc Canadian
Bank of Commerce to bc operated by mall, and will receive the
same careful attention as is given to all other departments of thc
Bank's business. Monev may be deposited or withdrawn in this
way as satisfactorily as by a personal visit to thc Bank.       M
L. A. », DACK, Manag*r. FERNir BRANCH
tymmttM.i nr. it
CMMfllLN »**■■*»#•»
*■  M       Ti-lt? (MMk, 4MV irmitinmit cj rr /»
Homedank»Canada
A depomt of e«« dollar i* auflkient to open a Mvtng* account
with the Horns Rank. Thern are many hundred* of prosperous
saving* account* in Ui» Ham« Dank lhat started from an orif ina]
deposit of Me dotlar.   Pall *tamf--ountt Intercut allowed. .,,
■ ■HSNCHtt IN    I VHUIN I \J   OiaiauMinus*
iftANCHM AND CONNECTIONS 7HHOUOHOUT CANADA
J. T. MACDONALD, Manager
Victoria avi.,        -t. ... pernio b, a
■	
J ■Nfllf
■P*"P
*,«:-' •
X '        .     '        I     I .11 ' ""I' '"i1"!1 ""I"1
".'_,..-''•* '."'■'■"'*'"■ T**X"* i- ■•'
.«-.'. .:.
*■&&-,  ■* i '**■■* '
■m^y a
5 fi ' ', - •
ig'-'f-
'4 Ay-
. ft? s  ■ -
■?
; PAGE* EIGHT
\ -
THE DISTOIO!r t^gfeWnfflSR^ 0
Specials in our Dry
Goods Dept:
OUR  DRY  GOODS  SECTION IS READY  TO
FILL YOUR EVERY DEMAND FOR
AUTUMN AND WINTER       ./
Ready with a stock nearly twice the size shown
in previous seasons. Ready with merchandise that
is of excellent quality and the same exclusive style
as is being shown in the large stores of the largest
cities.
, New Fall Dress Goods and Suitings up to $3.50
per vard.
New Silks 25c to $1.50.
•    New Velvets and Velveteens.
New Cloakings.
New Towels and' Towelings.
New Neckwear for Fall. "   , .
Extra Values in New Kid Gloves.
New Ribbons for Fall.
New Trimmings and Laces.
Exceptional Values in Bed Spreads.
Sheets and Pillow Cases at saving prices.
The largest stock of Blankets in the Crow at
less prices.
WEEK END SPECIAL
35c quality, 30-in. striped Flannelette, in Bluea,
Greys and Pinks, all the good, neat stripes ahd
extra weight.   "Week End Special, per yard 12-%c.
SPECIAL  SALE  $1.50 FRENCH  GLACE  KID
GLOVES, ,90c PER PAIR
. Gloves made from the- finest grade of French
Lamb Skins, finished with Paris points, dome or
button fastenings and stitched backs. There arc
mostly all shades in all sizes. Every pair worth
$1.;j0. Buy your size for we decline to exchange
sale Gloves.   Saturday Special,' per pair 90c.
STUNNING NOVELTIES IN AFTERNOON AND
EVENING.DRESSES
Special attention has been paid this season to the
selection of Afternoon and Evening "Dresses. We
, are showing the same' pxclusive styles that are
shown in the most exclusive houses of our largest
cities. There are no two Dresses alike and the materials embrace Crepe do Chene, S atins, Silks and
Laces. AVe have all the new shades and colorings
at prices from $20.00 to $50.00.
MORE TRIMMED HATS AT $5.00
Another lot of 100 Hats just received by express
for Saturday. The styles are altogether different
from any previous shipment au'd we believe better
values. A Trites-Wood Hat at a--five dollar bill
has the same style as any millinery store hat al
$10.00. Visit our millinery parlors and inspect
these Eats at each $5.00.        - '
"The Leader"
LION BRAND
This - week "endwill be devoted to the,boys.""; Special pricesVon':>"'v-"
Boys' Suits and.odd Pants- will be offered. ^ .   ' - ": " ' ' '■""
\ . ,*",      i      y       9 '    , ^ •■ \ 9 "        *
• jBoys\ Tweed Suits\ ■ :. xx''y x^
.   In- dark colors; made with' pleated Norfolk. Coat and ,plain K'mek^ ■ • •-.
i ers, in sizes 24,-25,-26 and; 27 ehest'measure.  Will.be on sale (Satrir-.'.''' "
• day only) at $2.50 each.  ;  -     '.'•''.■• ,      -.,-:'.-.      ' * ?7 • *:
ANOTHER MONEY SAVER IN BOYS' SUITS   *   ;'...'-' V;'
Heavy Tweed Suits "with plain Pants, made for ages 6 years ti 'A7
10 years.   The greatest bargain seen in Fernie at $3.00 each', any size. - X
This Specialwillbe on for Saturday Only '. "  " v.
Boys' Plain Pants*
AVe have secured' 100 pairs Boy's Heavy Tweed Pants,   These -f •       -
Pants aremadeto stand hard wear, all sizes in stock from 2.yeaw to     irht- Alexander"
35 years. Special Saturday at 75c pair. ■. LION BRAND ^
Men's and Boys' Sweaters
If you need a Sweater see us." We handle the Monarch; Harvey,
Knit-to-Fit, and Stanfield lines.' Oui* Sweater values will save you
money. We carry all styles and colors in" Coats, V-necks and roll collar Sweaters. - '      ,...-■* ,, . -.
Coats priced for Saturday selling at $1.75, $2.50, $3.00, and up to
$10,00 each. < \ -
V-neck Sweaters from $1.50 up to $3.50 each.   , ' ,       .
Roll-collar Sweaters, $1.50 up to $5.00 each.
Boys'Coat Sweaters, in all colors and sizes, priced from $1.25 to
$2.75.     •' ,  . '"'   ■■;"_. . ■     ,.,-
Boys'V-neck Sweaters at $1.00 to $1.75. . '   '■ '"
Bbys' Roll-neck Sweaters, 75c to$1.50.       '' ,"■' '.
Children's Sweaters'in'the famous Dr. Jaeger make, also .other-
English makes, in cashmere, made,with close neck-buttoned on^shoul-,,
der!   Sizes 2 years to 12 years.   Priced at 75c to $2.00.,   ' .
Men's Heavy Wool Underwear
Men's All Wool Ribbed Underwear, extra heavy weight, in cream
only/all sizes 34 to 44, will be on sale Saturday only at $1.75 per suit.
MEN'S COMBINATION UNDERWEAR J
,'. '  Ask to see our new style"'Combination Underwear for men with'
drop seat.   This line is the, last word in Underwear manufacture. The
new drop seat feature will double'the life of the gai*ment. "Ask to see
them;   On sale Saturday'at $3.00 per suit.
,^-x-x xttxx ?mxsK&-
'."    .w?T.,v . ..-    y..-,,:-,       .,*■■**•■  ASi.,,X4',?A)'7SAA7Q£?.-.-&
mmamm
•Aa "
- Stewarts;Liquid-Blue:lyy.";'/.y.i;.'.'-.. ^2^6*^25,",;
Quaker Oats .■;..\.'. i.'S.iiT. packetf'with china*';3E$-
.Cowan's,Coeba ,..,?;.■;;f.-;■;. -,;... l lb. tins'.'^W^,
St? Charles Evaporated Milk \.;..''".-.. 'per.tin';/,iONo\
Canada First Evaporated Mille ..... .-pe'r;tin'i/.i0 '.'-
Snider's Catsup .....:.'...\-r.'..:.,.'....-.- pints'\ .XMH,\
■A ."^Silver LabelFlavoring Extract, 2 oz. .. 3 fori 55 f
' ; Seeded Raisins, 12 oz. xX'.^'..,, .'."'2'packets: -.15.^
■- Clover,Leaf Salmon.;: -."..,;,';-]"...;.'.. „-, 2 tins,- -.45,'•'
Arrow'Brand Salmon '......;';.X-. 2,tins ,.45/-,
Shift's Lard*;."^.'.'.'..' '.'.. > 51b:(pails .','.80?
Virgin^Olive Oil-..:.', .*; • half .gailon 'tin 1.25 '■"
Heinz Baked Be'ans/jmediiim size .'.... 2 for   .35 \
Siam-Rice ....-,. ..•:/...'; .-.y. -.'"......'-.,' 4 lias;: .25,
: Swift's Wliite Laundry Soap ;;.\ .*), 6 for r .25  .
White Swan Laundry, Soap .'.-.',".. V.'.. 12 for \ .45, A
Toilet Soaps,'assorted:.-, 5. ,\.."..;.; per-box- .25 ^
Pear.'s Unsceri'ted Toilet Soap' .:..■„ -.-.-. 3 bars,; .35
Assorted Toilet Soap ;.'..'.«...:,.,•;.',.'. 6;for"'.25''
Lyle's English Syrup ' "; per tin. .20-'
Pride of Canada Maple Syrup ... quart bottle   ,45' -
Tetley's' Brown Sunflower Tea ...:. 3'lb'. tin   .75 ,
. Holbrook's Man af at Peas  per packet   .10
New Pack Sweet Wrinkle Peas ..' 2 tins   .25,
B. C. Onions ... .V.  V. ,10 lbs.' .25
Sweed Turnips ..: I". ,,. 18 lbs.,  .25  '
Snowball Washing Machines .' 8.00
Royal Canadian Clothes Wringer .-... ,4.00 ~
Glass Washboards ...,........:.]    .40
Mrs. Pott V Sad Irons A... ...... per set 1.35
Copper Bottom'Wash Boilers ..'..;.■. '..,.-.. 2.25 -,'.
Boots and Shoes
i ■*   i , • '■t *
Are your- feet shod in the right way for the wet
weather?   Don't wait for the rain to come before   '
you%uy your Fall Shoes.. ..    '       •      ' '
Our.Men's Fall.Shoes are the best we have evsi' ",
stocked.' TniineBox Calf, Veloiir and Gun M-plal
our,$5.0p;line"3"are extra value. * j        '  -    '
"Just fec'eived-;a few_'good lines of,AVoincn's Gun -•
1 iletal Shoes in button and lace to,sell'at $3.50.
All sizes 3 to 8. '-'",-'''
Also a'-Women's Dongola Lace Shoe to sell at-
$3.50; This is an extra :f ull-.fitter for people with
^vide feet.        -"   '- •    -, '    '     ,      ,    ■  . -,
BOYS' AND GIRLS'WORSTED HOSE
3 Pairs for $1.00    . '   -A-    '    .-
A ribbed Hose made for service of-fine,' combed, ■
strong Worsted Yarn.   There are all sizes from 5  -
to 10. 'Saturday Special, 3 pairs for $.00. '; ,-* «•'
Money Saving Prices,
The Store of
;. Quality "
BRANCHES AT.FERNIE, MICHEL, NATALAND COAL CREEK  ;
t -■ ,''
: -.-. ,"■
SAA
!
J
11
•I
A
-•' 'I
■AS'il
Wm. Dlclcen has the contract for
taking out old boiler at City Jail and
replacing with new.
Tho regular meeting oC the Ladles'
Guild of Christ Church will meet at
the home'ef Mrs. J. It. McDonald on
Wednesday afternoon at 3.30.
The funeral of the infant daughter*
of 'Mr. Eastwood, Fernlo Annex, took
place last Saturday, Sept. 20, evening.
D. M. Perley conducted tho service.
Several enthusiastic followers of
the groat gnme got over anxious about
their pay last Saturday morning and
as a result a brplcen 'vindow delayod
matters. Too much rn,?li, boys, no-
member, tho bank tol'ers nre just as
anxious as you to get through.
■ A. NacNeil has purchased the Bank
of Hamilton Building and -will shortly be installed therein.
On Monday the Aggressive Lcn-auo
of tho Methodist CliurcTi will havo n
Boclnl ovonlng. A short program will
bo followed by refreshments and there
will be a sulo of candy, nnd ldtolicn
utensils, A general good time Ib ex-
poctod and a cordial Invitation is ox-
tended to all.
Tnxldnrmy Is nn nrt that, like painting, roqulroB a direct knowledge of im-
turo to correctly express. Mr. Roc-op,
who can glvo his patrons tho honoflt
of yonrs of patient study nnd experience, announces that ho' la prepared to
copo with nil bimlnoBB that may happen along,
The Ladles' Aid of thn BaptlKt
Church uro holding u sale of homo
cookery anil afternoon tea on Sntur-
dny. 27th Sopt., In tlio llnll at tho roar
of thn Baptist Church, to commence
nt 3 o'clock. Thoro will b<» n pork nnd
boun siippi-r Trom 5 o'clock until 7
p.m. Harvest Thanksgiving HorvlcnH
will bo hold In tho TlnptfHf Cliuuh on
Htinilny, Ort. nth. Hpnclnl HormoiiH and
iinthoniK.
$5.00 GOING  BEGGING
We have in,, Pernio, or Coal Creek,
a gentleman, whose conscience is disturbed by the possession of $5.00
which isn't his. Tho .editor has been
asked to pay this money over to tho
Blairmore gentleman who can accurately describe tho gentleman from
this end of the Pass with whom he
had a wager for $5 that Blairmore
would lift the tinware. Ono at a timo,
please.
LOYALTY TO KING
VS FATHER LOVE
Commander's Anxiety to Save Daughter from Princely Wiles Brings
Tragedy     /
THE  KING CAN  DO NO WRONG
Several parties havo adjourned to
the hills In quest of big game and It
looks ns though benrs will be chasing
load around the hills If a few of the
doughty ones get "a bend" on them,
B. Ferguson, T. Martin and another
woro a party who wont out to th» Plat-
head on Wednesday to "got thoir llm-
It" In gamo or gophers.
Coroner II. Wilkes wns called out
to hold an Inquest on tlio body of Tom
P. Clark, Al Corhln, B. C. Deceased,
who wan qulto a young mnn, waB at-
tnfihod to a snrvoy party In tho Plat-
liond country and was klllod while foiling n troo. Tbo romfllnfl wero shipped
from Corbin to SardJs, B. C, wlioro
tho young man's father Is minister of
tho Church of Englnnd. Charlos ra.
Wobh accompanied tho remains.
Messrs. Thomson & Morrison, undor-
tnkors, undertook arrangomonts for
shipping body.
In one of the small European kingdoms there dwells a man'who is dominated by and Imbued with..tho idea
that the King can do no wrong. It
Is firmly Implanted In his sub-conscious self by generations of usage by
tbe loyalty which gives kings tho divine right, and which ibuso and misfortune do not weaken. , Tho man is
a trusted and faithful commander in
the King's armji and ho IiUb a young
wlfo and baby girl. The monarch sees
tho wife and takes her away from his
subject and Clio man boob but tho
wrong in his helpmate and not In his
King. Seo this plcturo at tho Isis
Saturday night,
NEW COAL MINE NEAR
CALGARY TO OPEN
Wo nre plcaficd to see that tho club
In connection with tho .Miners' Union
Ih now imdnr nr»w ninnngntw-nf. and
tho wants of tho mnn nro now -Tnt-ored
for In ftv-ory mBpoct. Tho placo has
boon thoroughly rciiovnJnd nnd all
kinds of refreshments nre now provided ut n minimum cost and It only requires tlm support, of ItH momhors <o
mako It « howling success   Tournn-
t.tt.1,,^   1.1*9   ,,i    fiit,ltt.*.il*l   tO*    .-,111.-44 ..A   fUJM
other fnTrie-i, >itiTi.V'rYmp yirtre* nre to
hn given nwny. Anyonn deslroiu of
competing aro requeued to glvo In
tliolr namo* n» soon as posnlble,
Tho Mayor nnd City Council hold a
mooting on Wednesday night to boo
what could ho dono to provldo suitable
Rite for Mr Franklin, who wlshn» to
add to tho Industries of Pernio with a
packing plnnt Thia mattor hns beon
occupying tlio attention or tho civic
niilhorltlflB for some time, but thoy
hnvo not heen ablo to como to nny
nrrnngomontH. However, It Is bollovod
the matter vlll bo fixed up tliU woek
(ind, und thnt Mr, Franklin will, bo lo<
rnted on the flovemment block north
of tho town.
CHARLIE LUCCA VERSUS
CURLIE HUME
SECURE  YOUR
PRESERVING   FRUIT
Tlio patron* of tho Co-operative Society aro usked to do their shopping
early on Saturday, tin the «torn will be
cloiod nil day Monday for the quarterly Mock-taking which will, of coume,
throw two dny*' tm»|ne«H into one,
The utore la today unloading a «hlp-
incut of Hih I'iii-Mwt ukitiuiK-iii prune*
*nd peache*. Saturday will, thoro-
fore, be a buiy day. This will be the
tttt chance to mciiiw rood cound fruit
for proierflrift. Prices will be right
and quality of the atotl fUnd»rd—the
beeL
Lwea linn Hiicceeded nl lust In securing a match and tho management
,«»«"•"; ua uitu ut tins tiiuai*- uuiun
ever v,'ltTie««ed In Ferule nn OHolur
tlio 1st nt the flmnd Thontre, Luccn
Is matched ngnlnHt Curlle Hume, who
clnlniH tho lightweight championship
of Iroland Tho bout will bo fought
undor *tralght Marquis of QueeiiAbury
rules with l'liree-mlnuto rounds, catch
wolghta. Jnck I^iwo is managing nnd
tho fight will bo under tho auspices of
tbo Fernlo Athletic Association, Thero
will be two good preliminaries and the
main bout will bo staged nt 8.30.
Luccn, who hns a reputation for
dethroning chnmplons. |ti known back
Bast an the Kalian Bearcat fighter nnd
all who havo aeen him scrap ngreo
that he ean pnt up a whirlwind of a
fight. Hume has Also earned a rood
reputation tn the old country and
there is no doubt that this bont will
surpass the last, good as that km aclc-
nowledirsd to be.
Company Planning for Panama Canal
Trade to  Begin  Shipping  Locally
''  During October—Has  Large Holdings of Pine Coal Lands—Has Been
Anothor Important coal mino In the
vicinity of Cnlgary will begin putting
Its product on Uio market by tho first
of October.   It Is tho property of tho
Cuninori}  Navigation  Coal  Company
on which dovolopmont work hn» boon
In progroBB Hlnco tho early pnrt of tho
year.,
CoiiHiiItlng Knglnoor W. IT, Wain
and Clonoriil Mntingor H,*M, nurd, who
aro In thn city, nro enthusiastic over
tho showing that luin been mndo alnco
development Htnrted.
Tho company holdn 8,000 ncron of
eonl Innd under lenso, pnrt of which Ih
on tho KuniinnnlilH nnd tho rest ln tho
near "vicinity of Cnnmoro. A spur
truck had been eomplotoil from Cnnmoro to tlio mine, nbout threo miles,
and with favorable conditiona continuing, tho mino will bo In slinpo to start
.whipping by tito first ot tho month.
During tho Honson tho compnny hns
siiiilc a Bluift on oach of two uonmB*.
300 foot and han proven ton othor
nl',1 (llli,      4 1IU   MCUIIIN   lU   III)   WuritU'li   Hi
the fiiihT'l are v\. nnd '-I'vei. tii.1
♦hick, respectively nnd the others
proven run from Blx to twolvo foot In
thickness,
In addition to tho deveolpmont work
done, tho compnny -has built office*,
threo rofildencoB for officials, slooplng
nnd onttng accommodations for tho
men and twelve miners' cottnges,
Tho conl cm. the property is bf sem]-
anthracite varloty, a vory high grado
steaming and domestic fuel. The ultl-
mnte object ot the compnny is to ship
the bulk of tho product to tho coast
for use at marine fuel, for whioh It Is
tho expectation, there will bo a very
large market as soon aa the Panama
renal Is in operation.
Tho mino is only ahout 00 miles
from Calvary and for some time at
least It !• expect*) the coal will nnd
ti mitrknt. In thl* city. -"
•On Saturday noon, Sept. 20th, in the
parsonage of the Central -Methodist
Church, Calgary, the marriage of Miss
Elsie Foulston, "of " Kalgoolie, West
Australia, to 'Mr. William Allen, Coleman,, Alta., Rev. S. E. Marshall officiating. Jlr. and Mrs. Allen will.reside at Coleman. ?,.
SOCIALISTS WILL SECURE.PEACE
Convention in Germany ,Well Attend-
/ ed—General Strike to be Debated Today
JENA, Germany, Sept. 10.—Tho National Socialist convention began its
sessions hero todny with' aa unusually
largo attendance Frederick Ebert of
Berlin and Dr. Louis Wilhelm Bock of
Gotha, members of tho chamber of
deputies, woro elected chairmen. Del-
ogirtcs from England, Austria, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland and Portu-*
g'al addreased tho convontlon, brJng.
lug greetings,
James Kolr Hardie, Socialist nnd1 Independent Labor member of the houso
of commons, "In bohalf of tho English
social democracy and 2,000,000 trado
unionists," said that tho English laboring classes woro trying to croato tx
unltod Socialist party to fight militarism by all tho moans at' Its command.
If the Btatosmon did not Bocuro ponco
for Europe, ho doolarod, then tho International social democracy would do
so,
Thero will probably bo ix discussion
tomorrow on tho quostlon of ix genornl
strike, A number of patltlons luvvo
boon prosontoil.
COMMUNICATED
J. W, BENNETT DI8PROVE8  <
"BULLETIN" CRITICISM
Wo havo rooolvod tho following
from ,1, W, llonnott, nnd liiHort Bamo
without comment, this gentleman being too woll known among roHldontH of
thn Pass lo lined any recommendation
or oulogy from us nnent his business
methods:
Fornlo, D. C„ Sept. 18, 3013.
Fornlo, Board of Trade,
Fornlo, 11. O.
Dear Siru.—In ono of your bulletins
erroneous BtatomontB wero mndo re-
tfitittltf. iJUIItlYllu HUU1I1VUIOI), ^HlOVItll,
P.n-k Thl!! imnnrly k .wl "uaa Ei
tevnn," but Is wholly within tho city
limits, tho mllo olrclo pnsulng through
the centre theroof. Tho assumption,
ns por bulletin, that the pooplo of Es-
tevnn do not think much about, Belln-
vuo is born of Ignorance of facts as
tho nsRossmont niytlcc, which can ho
produced,* places tho value of the lots
from $150 (Inside) to $225 for cornors,
Tho gmtultoua advico preferred that
they who have bought might try to
dispose of Bollovuo lots In Eitovnn III
eiiunlly applicable to Ferule, Hosmor
or any other town as residents cannot
buy all of tho proporty In their own
locality.
The effect of youir bulletin "knock"
han been most Injurious to my business and If there bo honesty of purpose in your oft-reltemted statements
that If fn ihfl "wfM-enttfni-y" yon nrt.
but to.stop,,then'you should sliow the
same zeal and give the same publicity
in correcting your adverse criticism as
you did' in promulgating it.
'I have recentfy'relurned' from Este-
van and as an evidence of the activity
there may mention that' I waa compels
ed to occupy a cot in the bath room of
the largest of the six hotels.
Arrived there_ on , Friday-,evening
and the. following day walked leisurely
to the northern-boundary of thev Bellevue subdivision In ]5 minutes from
the hotel.   ■
iThe theory about the"population ln
relation to area ia not borne out In
the case of Estevan,' firstly, because
tho southern arc o'f the circle Ib broken by a deep* depression which militates against tho town's oxpnnslon ,in
that direction, secondly, on the north
sido of tho .railroad track there ls a
wide stretch of unoccupied spaco bo-
yond which there Is a qulto ft settlement of dwellings of tho cheaper
stamp with tho exception of a flno two
storey brick schoolhouso A portion of
tho vacant space referred to la plottod
out by tho C. P. n. and was'put on
tho market Inst July. Tho N. E. and
S, E. corners are 000 yards from and
parallel to tho N. W, and S, W. cornors of Bolloviio subdivision, the lowest prices asked are $800 and $000 a
lot, For further particulars write Job.
Duff, Oenoral TownBlto Agent, Dopt.
N. n„ enro of C. P, ll„ Calgary, Alta.
On Sunday, walking In an easterly
direction along Sixth St.'gaw agricultural accoBsorlos covering two blocks!
tho I. II, C„ tho J. r. Caso nnd tho
Humoly Co.. lmvo their distributing
pointB horo, Passed five grhln olovat-
ors, noted tho stto ot the C. N. station whoso grading outfit is now at
work within tlio city limits. TIiIb
station, whon built, will" ho loss thnn
ton mlnutoH' wnlk from Oollovuo sub-
division. ViHltotJ tho Eatovan Coal and
-Brick Co.'b plant und was Informed by
tho Biiporlntondont that tho'output of
brlolc this yonr from Kstovun will
nmount to 18 millions, night nt tho
khibh roots thoro Is n poor quality of
lignite coal, beneath * which Ib a
Btrntum of clay, next a wldo acnm of
oxcollont llgnlto eonl overlaying a flno
deposit of pressed day brick.
Professor Darling, who Is In charge
of thn Provincial Co.'s GnB Producing
Btntlon, claims that ho will bo ablo to
pwdtteo lc pnwor ita t'he ri"' w\*eH'''
Ii within easy access and tho quantltv
ultimate (government figures) at
nine billion tons.
Tho wator Is of a purity equalling B,
O.'s, a famous liquid, a rarity in prnlrlo town* and an asset of Incalculable
Vitlllli-),     •
Tho trond of development Is towards Bellovue subdivision with every
Justifiable expectation that it will bo-
como n working class residential district
'Five elevators are required to han-
dlo this year's crop; tho quality is Al.
Any community possessing tho tiatur-
al resources that Kstovan doos must
advance, Coal, clily, comMit,, natural
fstlll in the incipient stage) and producer gas, excellent water, magnificent faming country nil around, rail*
road expansion and developments
markedly noHcMhto.
Accidentally met Mr. • Harry - Fife,
Slocan City, for over 20 years a resident of B. C, who was on a tour ot
personal Investigation > of the various
subdivision properties in different
prairie towns that he has'bougkt, who
voluntarily stated after visiting Bellevue that he was thoroughly well pleased with, his purchase thore and onty
koped that others would show up as
well, then he would go back home feeling that his moneys were Judiciously
Invested.
I Intend to attend, if permissible,
tho next meeting of your board and go
Into moro details than tho present opportunity affords,
Am sending copy ot this communication to, tho press, both local and outside, with the request that'they publish, as I know' by experience that
your strictures upon Bellovue subdivision are ill-founded henne, for tho
protection of ray own good namo Intend to do all I can to offsot tho Injury
already accomplished, ' •
Hoping that you will glvo this communication the attention that it merits.
'   I am, dour sirs,
Yours truly,
(Signed)   J. W. BENNETT.
CRIES EYES DRYIN FOUR YEAR&
NEW, YORK,- Sept: ■ 25.—Mrs!'Matil-'
da Pape's' husband^kdolphus," was'so- ■
cruel to.her that she 'cried for four
years, "and flnall^ried hor eyes. dry;
so she says, - In. a^iuit .for' separation,'
filed in the supreme' court Wednesday
afternoon.   At-iurgeo'n,' wko_ removed,
her tear ducts s<|J she could stop crying, told her .'tha, excessive" weeping
had mado ^IhlB,Operation necessary,
she chnrges, ad',JJng   that   her .kus^
band'B alleged cruelty brought on the-
oxcesslve'we&plng.    '
*.ii
KING GEORGE ftOON
8*ETTL?gt8 8MALL STRIKE
LONDON, Soflt. 2G.~Klng'George,
has Just sottlofi an .incipient strike-
among the gamekoopora of his Sand-
,rlnghnra estate. ,It la'nn old custom"
to glvo thorn thn entire first day's bag,
which amount* to about' $300. This
yonr officials -arranged to Boll the
wholo shoot to tho London dealers,
Tho under-koeporB, comprising 2T
picked mon, thereupon threatened to
resign in a body, although tho shooting Ib still four weeltB 'off, Tho king,
henrjng of .thoir grievance, promptly
yleldod to, their domands,
Grand Theatre
Monday & Tuesday
Sept. 29th and 30th
Aliskey's Hawaiin Serenaders present
ffrf Pj
A Night
H
i n ri awai
00
Prompt at 8.30
Prices  from  $1.00  to  28 cents
v
- tl.:^,.
WriWMt^W*f*^*AiM«S*i#*,«!^*^ft- 1-9,- -
,. !(,v.., ,•*,- ■ wm.
^-iSi.^*.^,   .*^*W.tWW,^
, "WraEF™-*!**--,- .
■'    *, '   '
; St?.'»- --t' ff-1
PAGE TWO
With The Miners :
in Great Britain
Death in Mines.
It'1 is gratifying' to learn from the
general report on mines and quarries
for 1911, Part 1 of which has been
issued as a Blue Book, that thore has
been a decrease in 'the coal miners
death rate. But  it   must   not-be
thought that coal mines arc innocent
of danger, for in regard"to returns of
non-fatal accidents for more than seven days tho position is not so satisfactory.     The total of such mishaps was
' 166,153 at mines under the Coal Mines
Regulation Act, by which 10,010 persons were injured; at minps under the
..Metalliferous Mines "Act, 1,730, by
which 1,7-1-1 persons were injured; sit
quarries under the Quarries Act,' 5,107
by'which 5,1 S9 persons were injured.
"'Compared wilh 1910" says Mr, Redmayne, mine inspector, "there is an'
increase of 7,57-1 of thc number of
persons injured at mines under tho
Coal Mines Act, of 14S at mines undor
.Metalllf-erous Mines Act, and of 14 under-the Quarries Act.
Strike of Miners at Durham
Two thousand mon and boys aro
idle at Ileworth Colliery,' iiear Gateshead, in consequence'of an allegation
that at the last pay day twenty-one
miners had received less than the minimum prescribed under Sir Robert Ro-
mer's-award. The question of "abnormal places" 'entered, largely into the
dispute.
o ''
If Labor Were Stronger
' The quarterly report of the National Amalgamated'Union of Labor states
that from a numerical point of view
it is excellent, but from a financial
point of view it is anything but satisfactory, owing .to the financial assistance being given to members thrown
oat of work by the coal strike. . It
was a matter 'for regret, adds the report, that, the miners had not got
more for their pains. , Had the Labor
Party been twice, as strong the miners' minimum, would not today have
'been, the unsatisfactory figure which
some neutral chairmen have fixed.
,.    Coal Conciliation Board
'A meeting of the Coal Conciliation
Board for the,'federated districts was
held in London.     Lord Coleridge, in-
- dependent chairman, presided.     The
application-of the miners for a ■ five
per cent increase in- wages was discussed and laid over for further consideration. '    v"
-Strike of'Scottish Miners
, Between 1300 and 1400 "miners are
on strike against the lying* .time and
the bi-monthly pay-day, with the result that the mines of the Edinburgh
Collieries, Ltd., at Wallyford and Car-
bery are shut down.
Labor Unrest "
Tho miners at Cannock Chase have
petitioned tho district beard for a consideration of a number of cases where
thoy havo been defrauded out of tho
minimum by several employers on the
ground that thoy were inefficient, a
statement which tho minors' district
ngont denlos. The construction or
certain rules in tho award under the
minimum wago act is alno in dispute.
Between 12,000 and 13,000 mon would
be affected in any dispute.
unions stop in between worker and
employer and compol workers to strike
against their will. In the coal fields
of South Wales,the employers are federated -together.. Cambrian Colleries'
had a dispute with thoirinen. A Conciliation Board failed to agree. Mr.
Thomas, manager, offered to refer the
mailer to an impartial arbitrator, but
the general body of . owners was
against ihis, and so the men were forced to strike. Says the writer, "It
must bo remembered that in Somli
Wales, when a strlko or lockout .takes
place, tho owners of a miiie are entitled to receive a subsidy from the owners' fighting fund." ,'Tho ownors are
certainly conscious-of the interests of
their class being, antagonistic to the
hit crests of the working class.    -
The writer lays the, blame of the
strike In Kngland upon the minority
of owners who persistently refused to
recognize the need of workers getting sufficient wages lo live on. lie
says, "1 cannot too strongly "press the
point that the responsibility ofthe
strike in the English area rests mainly
on the owners of this class. Thoy
have persistently refused to pay men
a fair day's wago for a fair clay's
work."
He   .points , out   that   the , unres
am on
THE; DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, K Os, SEPTEMBER 28, 1912",
Dallas- level some of th^ ^j^ ,it
appears, broke' thorough l'tato 0id wo*fc.
ings:;" Suddenly there w^s atreiaend.
ous rush of water.- ^-.T^ UumdatIon
was so strong^thatUhose.wo-in^ .-
the immediate, vicinity ^ere swepti0ff
their feet and ."we're sooh Up\^ ^
necks in water. ..,,.-   .
' For some time these ^ wer~e'en.
gaged in a, terrible fight fer\Ufe-down
in the black depts, but fortunately they
all-succeeded tracing lhe ^ anfl
were thus able to give th*e alam to
their comrades working ^ othei, parts'
of Uiemine.-" News of \he aff.lh. hafl
spread throughout the district, aiid an
anxious crowd waiting at th# p,t ^
was' relieved when the. ^Oo men who
had been working belo\\. kmade tlleir
appearance on tlio surfa«\0_
For'some time itwa^ feared ^
forty men who were -en6ag€d in thp
5ft, seam had-been cut off) but t]|j
managed,to, get out"'aft;er wadin'g a
long wajn through the riiuvky rlver ; u
is believed that the recet;t heay- ^
disturbed some of the old . acciim-
ulation-of water, seeing tbat tho work.
ings penetrate under the Aberdare side'
of the .Merthyr mountain; 0]1 the crest
of which the level is sit^ated
BRITISH. TRADE   UNIQN, FIGURES
the mincrjs
The'British Trade Unl6n Congv'€Sa
which opened ils 45th anMu'al,meetl
on September 2nd was ^ recor(] 0*e
The membership'ofthe uhio-      ffm   ;
.nu.     iu*.  ,u,.,-«Bj.,      j   thjs   year"toUlS-   1.9C>GnR--nJnot
is clue to the reduc- j ]iG(i2il331ast y<jal. an -^ff' «»»*
tion of earnings of the men because of ; ?)0Q m     ^he record me£!l
the Eight Hours Dill  (the, employers J,n ^ W then,lhe ca£^ *?•
cutting the pay m proportion to Iho  mRda , ^ numb     • ^,» wa.
shortened hours), refusal of some of bei„g counted ag . m_ ^hundreds
the owners to remedy the grievance of jgl3Section of tUo unions ^SLV™-
abnoraml places workingmen getting 'rcreases are'reported, but ZSr"
but a few .pennies a' day because the in"Ule -^ laboroPB> g*^exfjj
Places they a re "given to work produce ,ms ^ douWcd Us n e°t.qp *hch
l.ttlo.coal for much labor; bad manage- now 14M33) a»ainst 78.000 J vlr ,«'
ment of mines, incerased cost .of liv-  T,io weavorg \ave «Veai «?■
ing, ancl the rise in house rent. He numb by-60|000, uxe'£ i,i,„ i"
pomts out that four .men are killed !„ „„ _    " ^   l^s
and five hundred injured daily in the | . ,.., .. ' thP , laihvaJr s?.»-
mines of Great.Britain. ^The profits j ^% ^ „^ccllaneous
from mining are $75,000,000 per year, |eP8 by ^ ■  The ^al^ Ja°st
are among the miners, wl,pse numJe^
ancl he adds, "I do not think it an ex-"
aggeration to say "that 95 per, cent of
the owners have no technical knowledge whatever of the'management of
mines." If this is so, are not the
owners but useless drags upon - the
coal, industry of Great Britain?
The struggle of the miners has but
begun, says the writer! This is true,
and the struggle will not cease until the working class* become also the
owning class.    ,: ' „ • ;=    •
COAL MINING AT DEPTH
■ Colliery Dispute
At Gatoshcad. recently 318 howors
RotllioiiRh Colliery wero summoned by
tho company, who collected $1.25 diun-
ugOH from each man for* broach of
contract, tho allegation being tlint thc
men Iuul not earned n minimum wago
and Blopped pit woylc.,, Mnny mon
marched u> the court hciulod by n
bund iuul drummers, Homo cbargtm
were wlthdrii\vn,oth«r» adjourned, and
tlio bulk of tliu mon ordered to pay
$1.11!.' to include diuuiigo nnd coals,
tin1 pnjniciu to cMuiil over two iluyri,
At u meeting :it f'nrdlff of n sub-
fonimltloc, appointed by the South
Wiles district Hoard, tho following
points wi.'i'c raised by thu miners' rep-
roHfiitnllvcs: (I) Tho workman's
right to glvo verbal notice when bo
cannot work owing lo clrciiniHlnncoH
ovor which ho hns no control; (2)
iho right to be glvon notice of nn nl-
lt-god offenso doprlvlng thorn of the
right to tho minimum; CI) tho right
in hnvo modlcnl examination conduct-
nd In tho predencp of his own doctor;
ft) tho right to be pnid thn minimum
into and nllownnccH previously paid,
pending nny decision in tlm caRO of n
(llH)into between the workmen nnd the
mnnng-nmont, An agreement, wns ,ir-
rived nt on Homo of the points nnd tho
•f'H-nul-*■•.■. ."n" I *-..!    ft?    rllttt,'**    ..'^.»i    t*i.P(it*9r.,l
for n month
At a rocont mooting of the North.
umberlund Mlnnm' Council, ix number
of alleged vlolntlonn of tho Minos (8-
I!hour) Act woro Investigated, nnd tho
ttiMnn'trtn      r(iarilnHf*l*      it'tH     iiAnrtltt,]'
"That wo Ingtltuto logal action ngulnKt
nny colliery owner guilty of violating
tho terms of the Mlnea (8-hour) Act,
and ro-nuost all branch secretaries lo
send particulars of cases where thoy
be)lovo the act lint Iwen violated."
Replying to the toast 'of,„the British
Institution of Mining Engineers at the
annual dinner of. that society', Presi-
dent.W. B. Garforth said that the two
great difficulties the coal miner had
now to face were those of superincumbent .weight and increased temperature. ' In the past, fears had been expressed that it would.be Impossible to
work'at, greater depth than 1,500 feet,
but coal was now being w.on in several
instances at' depths exceeding''3,000
feet.' The principal i;emedy'in combating superincumbent;1 weight had
been the adoption Of a system of long-
wall working witli rapid development
of the faces, so,that the conl was exposed to the weight for a -very short
tlmo and places could bo closod rapidly, Weight- was Nature's lovpr, nnd
might be used In wnys not, anticipated
some few years ago. Inverting to
tho question of temperature at dopth,
he said men wero' working today In
temponUiire3 of ovor ,1)0 degrees, but
If nd vantage wns taken of scientific
•tnowlodgo this lomperaturo might ho
roducod. Thus hy the'employment"
bf apparatus" somewhat* ou tho principle of Green's oconomlsior and circulating fluid nlr might bio' considerably
cooled to admit of the mining of coal
at much greater dopths than thoso regarded by the Royal Commission ns
considering the limit.
COAL PRICE INQUIRY ON
WASHINGTON, Sept. 22. — Secretary Naglo, of tho (k'piirtinoiit. of com-
moron iuul lnbor, hns designated Commissioner Xelll of tho bureau of labor
to InvoBtlgnlo und report how much
tlio cost of conl bus boon lncroiiHcd to
tho general consumer slnco tho Kotllo-
innnt with the minors In the luilhr.i-
clio flcliln, to which iho resolution of
liifpilry wns specially directed. u
was stntud boforo llm liousn commit-
Ice that hnd Uio resolution of ln<|iilry
under consideration that the nnthrn-
cite operators advanced the price of
ronl 25 contH por ion ul retail. It. is
expected Unit Conimlspioner Will will
nscertnln for whnt ronson nnd by what
mount) tho coat wns iiiIhoi]. Anoihor
lino of inquiry will ho to determine
bow much nnd In whnt particulars iho
conl mlnorB woro benefit led hy the n-
grooment.   iln support of tho rosolu-
firm   of Inf-mlri'  II   .vr,M  tiin.t,r 1   M.«i   n .
1 '    ■    -'       ..... »**,..    ,..(,
minor did not rot nonvly nil tho In-
cronse being paid by Iho general consumer. Commissioner Nolll haa already mndo a preliminary mirvey nf
tho field, nnd It Is npprohondnd that
bureau will begin work immediately to
gather the doilred dotnllR,
ire only 100 larger than last yeai. and
the cotton operatives, wll0 on,y g]iow
an increase of 600.
The marvellous growth 0f the trade
unions of Great Britain as. Bho^n by
the returns, of-the British Trade Uni_
on ^Congress, is emphasl2ed ,b gome
figures obtained from' i\iQ Board°.ol
Trade. The most renHrl-able int.
in the figures..is-.that H*j incr^ases of
membersliip- of trade * uliiona" Is " '
largely among unskilled laborers''-
the last twelve months* H,e 1*t*.'c^--
so
In
increase of membership" )Jas been 233
.per   cent,   the   previous   f        t   ^
crease .being in 1907, wl>eU| fiowey»
it was out 13.9 per cent, and in ! 906,
when the' advance.was i\t th"0-rate of
10 per. cent.   Tho figures of u    B     d
of Trade ;for   3911,   b^t ■ thoee tor
the present year are lll«»ly to ghow ■
still further advance, as those fop  h'
last month  on  which uhcmployn-ent
returns are based- show  ,t j"        ,
crease    on ' those    of   ^    .       ■'
month     .The most string lnoroaM
n.tho Board of Trade Il8urM ,      .
Ihe sonmen's. organlznllo,,   w,)lch ■' j
throe''and ,a half times «iH',arso UB ,(
was a year ago.     Canw, clock and
r!^rsldo.wkcrs.'8hownlllm!1,fi!lfioof
187 per cent, while Ren*ral ]llbor    ,
orgnaliailpnH   have   n^Pl/   (]ou,)]e(1
their  numberB.      DulldteI.8.  1|lb0
return an increnso of 55 l|0r 0C]]
wnymon an Increase of
"O.ii per cont,
and.trnmwoymon of 77 *)liv (,on1
The only trade union, ^  ,;g '
decronso aro tlio minora Qf r    ,.,,
lands, and that Is only „. tvi^    ;
I per cent, and those of Sou(ll Wn,
whoro,tho docronso ls lg.-l -nCr"cent
The mining unions gono*;..^,   ,       . '
cro'nsod their numbers by »-,     ,   ■   '
the Lancashire and Cl.e^^ mln    I
increase of «1.7 per cent 1)oh];2v
rospoiiHlblo lor the lmp^Voinhonti     »
on wcaverH lmvo improv«rt (hojl.   ^.
Hon by 27,2 por cent, n«„ wo k  '   ,
ioxtllo nr.nl.ng, dyalng ^^
by 2,'l,(i jier cent.
FLOODED MINE
THE DRITI8H COAL BTHIKE
Thero Is nn instructive article on the
liritlcb coal strike 'n the Quarterly
llevlew of July, 1011
W« have all heard about tho tyranny
of trade union*.    It it *ald that trado
300 Welihwen Fight for Their Lives
In the Water.---Excltlnu 8csnei.<—
Anxious Crowds Walt for News at
the Pit Head.
Llwycaod (Jolllcry, Aberdare, wa»
flooded, and 300 minora had an exciting experience. Whilst carrying ou
thoir umnl cutting operations in the
WORKMEN'S COMPgN8AT|0N
.A rapid olmniro In piihllo flPnl|m<l|ll
as tako,, plnco concorul,,,, 11u( U(lvla<
blllty ol workmou'H 00„,1)cnHn||on
»WHH.i.cn .he flrH.rm)nllll(;miiitloii
oAmorcni. Mining C0„ ■
I'lttslmrgh mifiHlnii, In i!i|,n    ,,,.       .
clplcs then advocated ,lv; ..J       ;
KoiiDmlly ncceptod,  viz,;  T,   .     ,    ,
IndiiHtry should iuMrt.,,,,,,,,,^ n0°'>
own flccldents, nnd (Inn „      ,   .
of industrial accidents Hl,nil^^    ™
ror, whothor tlio omplow .""     '
negllgo.it or otl.onvlHe,    '  hn" ,,fl0"
Tho   Ainorlciin    Mlnli,      Cl0:.„m.
commltteo having ,.harK/   ™
Joct „„K propareil „ bill ZZlt
Stale on„c n,o„t prov|,llhR ^ [°,
sossment of onn-tenth of „„„
ton on conl product on, u ,lyi „„., .'
afundtobeadmlnlstorej^^!:!!:
for the benefit of thoif ,n1nrm,' „;„
(ho yltiki-oiidai.tn ol those i,innii i„ „„„i
mining acc.donts.     w£      ofS
should be made for tho " " oLl? i»
legislation Hl.nllar to ihoTTSSlS
whether such WtoU^\™?t
moiii general, covering t,    ... .
oil lines, or whether tho a*™*""J'™
ou.   molhod   of   omployj ,r°,ir  ti
ln« to tin m ll.Z*'"
tn,.. nmw™„, tmm?"""""!"„ "'
:rfz^'\rs^^'
Mli^ln* Congress in -Novttmb0f
Mine Unionsind Wages
 ■" ' -*." ■ .'■ *
Mn Montana the copper ? min ers re-J
ceiye .better, wages than''any."other
miners in'the United' States. ' Noi" in-
Montana -is there any mail employed
in a smelter for less than $3 for eight
hoursMvbrk," except in- the-one smel-
ter 'controHed-.by -ihe" smelter -trust,
The wages in Montana mines imve always been fairly, repmuerative ''since
the time of 3,'larcus Daily, a miner in
his early days, and always 'the champion-, of fair wages for' his ,'nVen.' 'In
Colorado- smelter men'receive. §1.75"n
day;- The -Guggenheim' interests,
which, control the, snielt'er .trusts, are
bitter enemies of organized labor. -The
Amalgamated, Copper Company,. organized ;by Standard Oil' capitalists,
has been just, as compared with' other
large employers, in tho treatment'and
wages of its employes. Tho Standard
Oil Company has the same reputation,
•In the long run such a policy .pays.
Employes are enabled-'tb" rear'families, and .thus become ' attached to
their communities and to their beet
traditions. .'yThe average'wage in cooper and iron mines in Michigan is
about'$65 a month. ' In Minnesota—
where the iron mines are owned by
the steel-trust—and in Wisconsin-the
wages are practically .the same as in
Michigan. A>-Yet living Is,as .high', in
Michigan,;;Wisconsin' ancl Minnesota
as jn Montana, excepting perhaps' in
the matter of rents;* and-tlie difference, considering' the housing of miners, is not great. As- a rule, where
union labor obtains the' compensation
is fairer and conditions more tolerable'
for the jn^i'i. A union lately organized in the-Flat River district'of Missouri, ,where wages were about, the
same as in Michigan, has,,secured-an
advance,of'25.cents a.flajv ' The' average wage of-the' zinc miners in' Joplin,. Mq„ is from $65 to $70 a month.
Three years .ago the Homestake miiie
in South Dakota,, principally owned by
the mother ■ of William' < Randolph
Jlearst, '• adopted a' blacklist system.
Each miner was compelled, on 'penalty of discharge, to agree1 to. discontinue membership i'n^his union and to
refuse to join any labor organization
during the term of his future employment with, the Homestake ..company.
The local \inion had existed "for thirty
years. It owned -property' worth
$150,000.-; Two thousand of the twenty-five hundred employes refused the
conditions. They left their homes,
which many.'of them > owned, and-the
service, of • a ? corporation,' in which
half of .'them, had toiled for'over a
score of -years, to seek employment
elsewhere, -No man could show'great-
er devotion' tb a principle. There was
no oilier dispute between.the mentand
the-companyfrtIitir^tlie^M-iHonT~or
membership in' their unipri^and' that
question, was -forced by.-.the' company.
Thirty, years- of association,' during
wliich time the1 Homestake Company
had recognizstl the--union, had , attached the .men,to .their organization
and, its associations. Theso they, were
compelled, with -their home associations' to relinquish.. This story may,
bo compared, with the treatment
which Mr. Hearst has been handing
to the employes-of; his Chicago newspaper.—Collier's Weekly.    • ■
SCOTCH LABOR PARTY
Alleged to be Planning Attack on Of-
' flclal Liberals'
TRY   A   "LEDGER"   \*,ANT   ADyT(
The result In Midlothian gives'some
point to an article which appeared
recently In The Standard, alleging n'
Llberal-Lnhor .feud, in Scotland. It
Is palmed that at the' last general
olectlon, that of December, J910, tho
Labor Party, In ordor not to endanger
tho Pnrllamcntnry bill, ran very fow
enndldntea in Scotland, and rlskod
only two triangular contests. According to Tho Standnrd, thoro 1ms boon a
loiig-slnndlng quarrol' in' Scotland be-
twoon tho Liberals'nnd tho Labor poo-
plo, resulting from tho refusal of (ho
Llbornls to pounton'tmco Labor candidates, although profoflslng' tho most
friendly feelings towards tho Labor
Pnrly'hnd tho principles of Lnbor re-
proR-nntalion,
Pinna National Committee
Al lliu present timo tho Lnbor party
nro overhauling thoir "mnohinory In
Scotland Vor,v thoroughly, Among
other things thoy nro ongngod In drafting 11 Ncliomo for tlio formation of a
National comin It ten or coiiHultliigicoun.
*•■*, which Ih lo do'voto llsolf flpoclnlly
to tlio work of tho Labor party In Scot-
land, and lo supervising tho local or-
KiuilKiitluiiH In i.ll the Scottish coimtllu.
(HII'lllH,
Tlio .Sti.iiilard Bt-Uoa thnt ut tho next
IK'UphiI election tho Labor party will
ntiack im iciiHt ton Scotllfdi conBll-
tiinnclc?. two llnlinliii and eight
LllmralH. Tlio Unionist soats aro the
t'liinlacliic division of OliiHgow and
>nili Ayrshire, tho Llbornls having
lost,ilu( lutior at n Wy^ilootion. Tho
Liberals kciiIk aro: North Abordonn,
Lidtli UiiiuliH, (lovftii, N.W.;Lanark.
Hhlrn, V\V Vn-nnrVnhlvn nnd ^\,\
Liinnrkulilre,
Al th« Inst election tlio Lnhor party
ran flvo crmdldntoH. Ono of thoso op.
posed a Unionist nnd 0110 a Liberal
BnceoHsfuliy in BtrnlBlit contosti, Of
tho remaining threo contests two wor*
triangular ono In which tlio Conservative candidates got In through reviving n minority of tho votes cast,
nnd the third was at Dundoo wlioro
WhiMton Churchill nnd n Lnbor mom-
Imr captured tho two loata, tho Ml*
Tal mm ijai,or jmrtijjg 0ttCv, putting
ono condldato in tho field.
children are at work."; Children';who
should be ,at;,school,developing themselves intellectually for.,f'utur*e citizen-
.'ship and'out in -the open air romping
and playing" to develop themselves phy;
sically aa-(future-producers. - U„ «■ '■
. There are', today, "as ^result of unemployment, millions of\tramps in the
United States; men'and'womeiisuffer-,
ing with'the last-, stages of the great
white plague, perhaps breathing,,their"
last in filthy tenements,*'" too poor to
afford the necessary nutriment or .medicine. On the other hand, the owning class vacate 'their mahsiors .id
spend their summers abroad," and perchance to" find titles1 for,their insipid
li'eiresses. ■      ■ " •       , -•■    ■'•.".■
There are today-hi" the United s'tates
men, women and children, overworked'
and unemployed," paupers,, and r"poor
prostitutes and Jioboes, convicts' and
criminals, maimed and crippled, ■ suffering aijd. dying', tragic victims'for
which the capitalist, system is directly
responsible. Yet iirthe eyes of-thousands pf so-*talled intelligent, people,
all this misery sinks' into insignificance
compared with the great issue before
the American people as to which of
the two individuals'who are .fighting
tooth and -claw for the .presidential
nomination shall' receive"the plum.—
The .Bridgeman's'Magazine. ,   ■
TRADE UNION-BANK'     ''>.,..-'.   "    ,
•   "'   ,     IN   ENGLAND,
In connection with the proposal for
a trade'union bank on co-operative
lines, it is reported that'a scheme has
now been prepared and all the neces-.
sary formalities nave" been gone thro\
previous to the "registration of,-tho!
concern under' the Companies and
Banking Acts!, A managing director
and secretary'have been appointed. It
is proposed. tbat the bank shall-be
run entirely on co-operative lines, and
its, chief 'business will be' to accumulate .the .reserve funds' of the trade
union, movement, amounting to between $30,000,000 and $35,000,000 with,
an annual turnover, of about ?25,000,-
000. The ,bank will be conducted on
the.same lines as an ordinary bank,
save that it's profits will be distributed amongst tlie trade unions' wliich
hold the: stock and-are customers "of
the" concern.; - its chief, aim' wiH^he
to provide- at very short notice the
necessary funds to enable trade uni-
pns= to-.carry, on strikes, as it hai been
found that the ordinary banks are in'
the habit of placing, obstacles in the
way, of; the trade unions desiring^ to
realize their-assets speedily when in-
volved'in disputes.'"   '"   A '■ .     '■' *A.
-, KNOCKS OUT 8-HOUR CLAUSE
While the naval, appropriation bill
was .under consideration in the-Senate, Senator Perkins.of California submitted an." amendment, to strike out
the .provision "that, the-coal shall be
mine'd'.by labor that is employed at
not exceeding eight hours'per day,"
which was inserted and passed by the
House. .. This refers to coal; purehas"
ed by the government to operate its
vessels.' ■- The Senate concurred In
the amendment , of Senator Perkins
and the provision was struck out." It
h?-
THE STANDARD
ARTICLE • SOLD
EVERYWHERE
mil-ill
,TP'i|lllllllllllilli"llll»illllHij |i|li||llll llillili
hi I'lii'-ftju •" ..i*- *■ ""'i, 1 * f,
spftening itwaterj
""■'' H-illC^   l|„M|MI|f|l|IIIV|
mg paint
mmmssssk
drains and for
There nro today In tho'Unltod Stfttcft
mllllon» of men who aro welting In
vnln for nny kind of work lu order to
oi»rn thoir dully brdu honeatly, nnd
jet, wlilie those men, are out,of employment,    upproxluuvUily     -2,000,000
E.W.GILLETT
COMPANV
LIMITED
TORONTOtONT.
was ■- assertedfjjy-,,-,Senators' Perkins'
arid Lodge that' it. would be impossible",
for;-the,- Na;yy,-I)epartment".to' get'.*'%-
hour",,coal'ffor a^",considerable length
of -timer- :j Another,: objection was" that?
coal was mined-'arid-paid J for by" the'
ton.'-. The bill now,goes.to'a conference committee.-. ,'Whether'tlie ,oppo-.
n-ents . of'"the ' 8-hour^ clause ■ can ■ sustain their' position-before the "conference committee is-a matter.of conjecture,' for undoubtedly it' is possible to
procure imniense ..quantities ~. of • coal
that is mined byp laborers'"employed
eight hours per' day,: :   *      "®.      ■ ■
 il. -■-■ ■"- .1-;-  ' -;.: b-
PACIFIC
PROVINCIAL EXHIBITION
•f Westminster, B. C.
OCT, 1 - 5, 112
Fare from Fernie      .-    -.  -'.;
to Westminster and return
'':.-$24.35"-..:',";■:
Going dates Sept. 28th - Oct 3rd
■ Return limit" Oct. 8th, 1912 >
Further information and tickets
. from any C. P. R. Ticket Agent"
R.G. McNEILLIE,-" .,
•'. " District Passenger Agent,,.
.' .   '    ", Calgary,* Alta.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO,
;       A. McDougall, Mgr-
1    '^'    •    ■ ' -      •   '. \ '   ",-
i r~     .      'r .
Manufacturers of and Deal-
r , ^ >,      -   ■* /
,,ers in all kinds of Rough .
0',': ;and Dressed Lumber   •'•
Send us your orders
i>
R 0 ¥ k L
HO T E L
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All Whito Help
■ Everything:
Up-to-date
Call in. and
see us once
JOHN P0DBIELAN0IK, Prop.
KING'S  HOTEL
Oar Hiipplicil with the 1 host Willed,
'■'   Llqiioi'H mill (%iivh
OININO nOOV  IN OONNfco'riON
W. MILLS,
Prop
TT-TF  r AM Am A'V' "Dyivxr
OF COMMERCE
8IU EDMUND WAUCKR, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L, Prttldtnt
ALEXANDIJR LAIRD JOHN A1IID
. "*
9
' -<! -
JDISEASES0MN
A.'rJ%'<A
,,.'
■ystSs
a-ir-.
n  - A- '-■,
p •-■! a-
**
|."]r,'
•1^
a     rf ;*.■-..
3 . " A -J "
RED
«
I'T positively cure three-fourths 6f*§
tail the cases thnt are absolutely iu-4 ' ■
Scumble by any methods otlier than* \
Jthoso r.employ. I do not .c-ave Avhofi ,5-'-
|lias,treatcd you or how, long or bvl '
Jwhat me«ius-,lie lias treated.you,j    '
Ithd.probahility.is .that I .can cure!
|you, ancl"I will bo'able-to  speak!
Cdefinilely in tlie ' matter'when IJ
fkuow the details of yonr ease, ■
iWrite,for Free Book
[ If yon'can'b'callat my office!
■Jwrito l'o'r my,book,* which describes!
|my, method. '-All letters are given!
[specialattention;.       '       *.      • : ,\
\   .DRKELLEY'S MUSEUM
i i 210 Howard St., Spokane, Wash.
(>
l
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
FOREIGN BUSINESS
3^'s. R!ink offcr8 unsurpassed facilities to those doing busman
with foreifyn countries.' It U «necially equipped for the purchwe nnd
Hale of Siuriin^ nnd other Koreign exchange, drafts and Cable Trans,
ters, and for the financing of imports and eiports of merchandise.
Commercial credits, Foreign drafts, Money Orders, Travellers'
Cheques nnd Letters of Credit issued and available in alt parts of the
world.
Collections effected promptly at reasonable rates. at
-" A, 6. DACK, Msnsgsr.PiftNIB BRANCH
-Large Airy. Rooms^&
Good,Board
Ross & Mackay pm.
Fernie-Fort Steele
"   ■*.    * * i*    j     '   '.n. ,
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Porter
Bottied Goods a Specialty
h6tel
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Hvory poi'Bon likes to bo com-
fortnblo, Wo'lmvc tho lntoBt
d-oslgn of st-omn lion Ling «])|»1-
ralua in ovory room. ,Our menu
is tlio host, Wo Runrnntoosiit-
iBfnctlon.' Two blocks from C.
P. 11, Depot. Old nnd now faces
wolcomod.   *
New Michel, B, C,
P. Zorratti - Prop.
Waldorf
Hotel
1
P. V. WHELAN, Msnoaer.
Rates $2.00 and up
Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal rickets, $7.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.  Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging *n\n% eterfcs.
M
I
»h
SMhffo Gwv
IT0W COUGHS J»«*»*1'm«m»"<»
>»aic*.j*cin»»
rafflttMW»«*rw'!**?ii*«-M»'W*v tf

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