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The District Ledger Mar 2, 1912

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,' -     ; The i Ninth Annual District Conven-
".-  tlon is,now V,thing of;the"pW"'tho
, .- j final session being held on .Wednesday
y   . -morning of this week. ?' It lasted somo
„ J-nine days,_durlng .which' time .many
"y'    Important" matter's' wore discussed and
■ setled. y A; number of, sessions. were
7 held :ia executive., - The ^following* is
.,' 1-    i*-       "" ,       *   - *   ,       ■  \.
,., a synopsis of proceedings sine* Friday
. .-  . v"'        * "    "** ■    • •>
y plasty;; y;. , -i y .... y _.  ry ...,j.;-
-;;-' yOn; Frldayy the* tVIc'o-PreBident. ad;
h L .^dressed the Convention on the special'
y ^ order? of business provided for by^a"
- _ motto* In.the proceedings of the' pre-
.-' ..'\Vl6us* day, dealing with' Injunctions,
7 ■' evictions, distraints, and' the.effects-of
y tho decision in Nova Scotia under,tho
. 7f',¥in"dustrlal 'Disputes Investigation "Act'
.'. 7:Afte^ a,',short.discussion^ the' subject
'.?''?was closed.   *   7      .,■ .  *■  ;-
*- '.7 Tbe, next question ripywas' a.grle^'
,*; ?   ' ■ ^oco. by .the Canmoro Local, who com-
;<   . .plained that the miner's are'unable to
''"vxnake- their wages'up ]to the, sum- of
"s-  'iS.OO.'per. day.. " After .a brief .discus-"
..;•' • s'ibn it waa decided that thematter be
referred back to the Local Union, and
y' .* that" they, be" instructed to refer lt to
- .the proper1" source In accordance with
the ""agreement. '„   ..-■',   '■- -.■>
7 * 7 Resolution No? 15 had as its "object
'■  "  the refunding of % 15.00Q to the Hosmer
, ^   Lpcal, who.had. spent this.money for
*-'    relief purposes,   -yy1-     '•• '."    7";
Delegate Jones-moved'that the re-
being put to a voto it carried, j y-" *
..The seventh day (Monday) was-opened wlth^'a resolution .brought, lu by
tlw« Coleman I io i;ij, but'which was art
concurred "hi, by the Resolution .Committee, to the effect-that "All -monies
accruing.to' any; District Organizer or
employee under salary for seryice.8 on
conciliation boards or commissions be
turned over' to the .District*. Treasury."
and. op'a vote,, being 'taken the motion
was4 lost. "*.; ,.7*7' - •"* y i -.. * - ■' v'' ?
■' The1 next'1 order of ^business was a
motion by Delegate Jones/duly second-
•d, .to" substitute-" the previous' motion
to* the( offect "that; "y"   '"    ,    '
.<"-"That'.the resblutioa' censuring ^District", Executive Board, which was introduced'by Michel'Local1 "Union,' and
tabled'by'the previous question* being
put and decided in the.negative."sfiould
be taken' fro nitho table and passed
on* by the .Convention." . ". ',,-.'
■ Substitutemotlon"...".'...;";'.Carried.
The resolution in question was then
read to the delegates as" follows:
Resolution No. 11A ., .'„ .
; "Resolved ,that we censure our District'Executive Board for bringing in
frontvof the.'m'embers-such an agreement aa the last; also for advising
them to "accept,"it!"; 7'     ,    . ■
Submittedrby Michel Local No. 2334.
-The Resolution Committee' non-concur.-   ,'* «y,- ■        y -, ',•',
. Moved- and seconded*, to adopt the
report of,the committee. "        '„.;,,,
After-',a? long- discussion; .in. which
- y: eolution. be tabled until,the report- of
t, y S tbo.^, Committee"-onlOfflcers';* Reports • practically, the .whole'.of the'delegatea
." -^yhad-been-'recejvedj'fnasmuc^ took "part?" and inthe^courseof .which'
1,7 .:";,***ry\C»Tter has "brought to* the.'atten- the, ppsitibn.'of, the^Distrlctt Executive
'■' -,..', '.tibri of,the Convention; in.bis report, a Board,in'connecttdnJ.wlth,'ti_e final ne-
..'y?,.roquest'?'aBkIng for" ways' and me'ans'tg'igotlatlonB^wlatffi
|. v 7r7bo'deylsed",b"y,thIs Convention to" deal 'ment? and "the attitude" of the members
;, -,.. ^with"such;matters. ..%.?:....Carried, atthat.tlmo.-had,been:fully,explained,
S" 7 yThe*whoVof,'the morning, _atcerno*on
'y yy and evening' "sessions"1*? werb'Jbccupied"
y. yQ-with?a resolution,qf^censure on "Presi-,'
■"" v *dOnt Powollbytbtf j31adstb_io and^Klpp •
..yy'locals.   TSeso sessions we'rbnt_eld with?;
"'?'''closed doors.??After the''Presid6nthad,
,."..,'" glven,;his;_sldb of,' the!; cbbb, and'-'the.
■'-* -' matter- fuIly,-dlscusBed;' It was" moved
.* r by Delegate'.',Jones and duly seconded
" 'that, the.'PreBlderit'a. explanations be
,', _, accepted as satisfactory, and, on-this
it ^was ,regularly'mo,ved; and;."sbconded
that the previous Question be'put?-Carried.* ■ ---,s~;yyyy-.u-~-■■ -,-.  ■
-."-.Motion to *, adopti tho,- re'portT'of?_the7
cbmmlttoey. '.*;:?.-: y\. .V. v.-. .Carried.'
In _'favor' of "motion to'non-concur. .'-16
Against' the motion''... 7....... > 8
Report'1;of District President  *
Moved arid seconded that the report of ■
tho .District:President be taken ,up
seriatim, ............  Carried
R« Appointment of Delegateitb the
7 ,. •   , Different Conventions ?   ''   7
• Your committee recommend that this'
Convention appoint delegates to ropro-
sent them at the ..following" Conven-
tions: 7:7-* -.   ^ ,;7;7 7^.;,
" 'International- Convention U."M.W. of
A ....'.■..■._■... 1". ..v..-;;;..Delegate
Western F of M District 6 /.Delegate
Trades and Labor'Congress of Canada c...-.........'...........". Delegate
-B C Federation of Labbr^. .Delegate.
kYour ■ .committee also .-recommend
that.^shbuld* circumstances.In thls.Dis-
trict warrant it,, that the .Executiv©
have power to/send one bf.'their/'ri'um-
berto the International Convenubn,'in
addition to .the. delegate- appointed by
j.i_»    *>i'■'*•        ..        '.i -*.yVli,v-_v»*s*v"»_.•, i
this Convention. !\,'r>K-f?i>'gi)i'y."',«,- -c.
Moved-, and seconded[^"6\*adopt .the
recomraendanons of the committee,- '
*■ Amendment to motion introdueed'by.
Delegate'Wheatley, and seconded -by
?Delegate'M. Roberts, that v' 7 -'-
, "The Convention arrange to'send a'
delegate?to ttie; Farmers'..Convention
of "Alberta." ... .7,  Carried.
■' The.Convention took the.opportunity
of?passing a'resolution, of protest ag-.
alnst the Alberta. Government for gre-'
sorting to7th'e. usual despicable means
of killing bills asked fbr.bythe work-"
ing-class generally by refusing to bring the bills' out.bf committee, and'that
all labor,, organizations in Alberta be
asked to endorse this protest.
We, your .committee,' recommend
that the President's Report be adopted
as'a" whole, and. we,. Iso ^ recommend
that the'attention'of the'President be
called to Article 2* Section 2, and Articled, Sectibfl^S, of the.District Constitution. ,. .7 ',-; '. 'V-7.'- ' ..- '
'-.Moved1-* and .seconded to adopt the
report of the committee",...... Carried.
""* Vico-t»re»ldent'« Report y
. Moved thafc'tho;.report^of?tho?-Vi(!o-
President betaken up Berlatlin. ■ Motion seconded, andi"_ 7:.-.-..'. 7. Carried.
Rt tho Future; Policy?:of the Organization, We, your [Committee, firmly believe ln*-'th"e'"pbllcy, of Industrial Organization, ,*a'ncl' endorse the position
taken by the" International Organization'as a; means, tb tbatend." We ro-
commend': y.. .*- "' 7 -, ■ y
- ,_..., Affiliation with other organizations that.would open a field for tho
propagation of -Industrial,as well,as
political,principles." 7'
.2. That'efforts be made to bring
about a1, "working arrangement between the W. F. of M. (District 6) and
also with, the railway workers, and
District' 18.    *   *     '■■ *     *
,3., .That we endeavor to bring'about
free, exchange 'of ?cards between .all
organizations.   (".'?'?.'" -,   '.     "■
4,' That we* encourage the'discussion" of clean.'political economy^in
the Local Unions"?*.?:' y * """ '.
-' 57, That we encourage the formation
of a Joint movement among the West-
era'District's of tho U.' M; W.ibf 'a-, to
include DIstrlcts\io; 27, 22,~18'and 28.
"■8. _'_ That"strikes', should, not. be called? unless 6rdo'ro"d by-a ■ ballot, of' the
members', only_.tbo_i by a two-third majority .of votes cast. " " * \ 7.
* "All the above, after some discussion,
were carried;'5;.Vice-President'Stubbs
was, also'congratulated on the -efficient
mariner-in .which*he had dealt with the
Bellevue Disastery"-?-
. Report ,of Secretary-Treasurer
Moved and seconded that the, report
of; the* Secretary-Treasurer be • taken
up' seriatim under the respective headings.   ..'..'. .*,. .7;:'. Carried.
, Re means'of "finding finance for relief of members?that have been-dis-
criminated against," .Also for the*re:
lief of- members; who have  not had
an, opportunity V'tb ' commence work
■      ' - >■ r*- -  ^,
'    •', (Continue'd bn Page Six) *-'   "
*'-..*.•  *'..,.;,--...-•,. .     *,-.,■•„  , \*/.:y.   <r,y<
- British MinerBKiStriBe
7ARMORY HALL, Springfield; 111..
Feb. 26?-y_"he offl'cals bf the United
Mine-Workers'of Illinois for the coming year, beginning April. 1, will be as
7, President—John ? H,   "Walker. Danville.; y yy.y"    -
y Vice-President—Paul J. Smith, Marion. '* v.' •*   ■' '.'*, 7'
' Secretary-Treasurer — Duncan Mc-
'Donld, Springfield..
:   International7ex€cutIve* board member—Frank Farringtpn, Streator.     ■*
7State'executive .board members:
."District No. 1.*—Robert Osborne, Coal
Citjy   y '"'*7'y °-'*' ? -     "
1 wDIs'trict-No.' 2.—Patrick Carr, Ladd.
-_•"   i -..   .  ■>. , - -.- 'r    ■ -     .-  __^„_
.    -    • , „   .- r       • ,   ■    -v   y.yi..'.^     /       _>
yFirm On MjinimumiWage
■'■ LONDON, Feb.'-29;—The'settlement
of.ttie' tHrea'tened cd'al^strlke.-is-yet far
off, the government liot having'been
able to induce all the Tconl-owners to
agree,to the demand'for.a.minimum,
wage made by the mlners,.but Premier
Asqulth declared to-nlght^that If tho
principle bf a minimum wage .was not
LAWRENCE, Mobb, Feb. '26.—Fifty the men tb protect them no dlBcrlm"»M_ or Providence respectively,   The cards
tlon was shown and tbe womon-wore, had been prepared and paronts' slgna
policemen' under direct command of
Marshall Suillvan and two compnnles
ot mllltla. Interfered today with tho
attempt' of tbo' Btrlko , committee' to'
sond fifty chlldron from thiB-.clty to
outside - towns whero thoy would bo'
cared for, -Eight women,' flvo men
and ten chlldron wero arrested and
rushed to tho pollco station.
Tho Interference'by tho police" and
tho mllltla had added to tho gravity of
,tho situation, It follows the action of
the military authorities, Inst week whon
thoy announced tho strikers would bo
kopt, wherever possible, from sending
tholr children from out of town. Tho
strlko leaders have openly chargod this
action was taken at thb behest of tho
mill owners, who think that If tho
children aro kept horo nnd forced to
suffer, their parents will give up tho
struggle, Strlko leadors contend that
If the children had plonty and wero
safely housod the parents would got
along somehow, .
, When tho strlkeVs appeared with
tholr chlldron tho marshal asked why
tho children wero to bo sent away. Tho
. women were all plainly frightened by
tho display of forco.'   Sullivan finally
' ordered a numbor of men, women and
ehlldren to go homo, Those who refined wore gathered up, hastened Into
tho wagon and driven to tho pollco station.   While this was going on under
.**x,-...   »_-,.„',1  „   .,.»,..',     .  .,*.      .....
V,m»v»_>   *-,W-*»   ,_-   w^jv,,   fvetv-W   -MM   _>_.-'<
dlws'wero fathnrlnj; \i\ "nu. Mr-tot. j.lrk-
ots who had taken,positions at the
edge of the Common and-were asking
tbo men and women who woro going to
work to Join the strlko,  Charges of In.
MM**1"* *» MM  wo»*A t^rrAif  *ff*»l«n#'#"l>*•«*
and thoy woro locked vp..
Not a child was permitted to leave
Lawrence and Marshall Sullivan ro-
fused to mako any explanation of his
action. Tho polio* and soldiers actod
directly under orders »and separated
tho pareau and tho chlldron and forck.
ed tho latter away from the station.
When parents, resisted, arrests wort
mado. Tbo mllltla; la addition to
tholr rifles, woro armed wltb clubs,
whtch they asod frosly oa all male
strikers- Ta many IbsUoom whoro
wornon throw thomsalvM la front ot
beaten.   A number of women had their
clothing badly torn when they were
drlvon back by tho pollco aftor tboy
trlod to rejoin their,, children,
"Couldn't Repress Disorder."
Sullivan,* Is anew chief, having been
appointed a week ago becauso bis predecessor was forced to resign following tho complaint of the mill owners
that he "couldn't keep down disorder,"
Sullivan mado no restriction today,
Evory cno ot the fifty chlldron wl,o
camo to the rtatlon was accompanied
hy '-tlielr .iirents, who woro glnd t.
have them sent whore they could bn
cared for.
But tho pollco disregarded this
nnd.(old tho strike leaders th ' ilie
children would romnln In Lawrence.
When thoy tried to defy his order he
dlrootod tho police and soldiers to get
busy. 7    ,
-   Pollosmsn'Seised Children
The children and their mothers and
fathers had been seated In tho big
wt'llln.. room/ .Five minutes boforo
thb train pulled out Sulllvnn blew •
signal oh his whistle, Twenty-five
policemen near tho door suddenly
rushed across thb room. Seizing tho
children, thoy hustled them through
s door onto Essex Street,' Then they
barred lho door.
Frantic mothers nnd fathers hurried
ou through another door and tried to
for toeir chuaren, liut tbo mi.uia-
(-.cu Ai-ii *-*-J...j...'S. iA..,'c<i wmv r_-j__i'<ivi
along tbe "street and blocked the way.
A' flgbt followed, and some of the men
and women managed to reach their
ehlldren,'but no sooner had they gnth-
«4tt*i warn iuvo it-i-i. Mwib u**u iu«^
wero placed undor arrest and hunf.led
to tha station houso,
Beforo tho women were lodged In
tho station many of them had severely
scratched > policemen. Policeman
Moore's head was'Split open with a
stono with which a woman hit blm.
Not only wan. th* psrents of overy
child In charge of their chlldron per
aonally whan tho pollco ordered them
back to tholr homes, tut every child
bad planed on Ws card stating tbat bo
bail boon gives tito MMUt of ooo or
both paronts to bo sont to Philadelphia
turos'.obtained by the strike leaders
yesterday. ' ■ , :,
, Unwarranted Action
7 WASHINGTON,. Feb.  27.—A  con-
gresBlonal Investigation of tho latest
Lawrcnco'development was made cor.
tain this afternoon.,
Chairman Wilson, of tho houso committee on labor, wired Prosldont Qoden
of the Toxtllo Workers, tho officials
statement of to-day's action of police.
On rocolpt otflt ho will ordor IiIb committee to Invosllgato fully what ho
terms an "unwarrpntod nBB.m_p.lon of
authority ,'.' by the Lawronce pollco,
LAWRBNCB1,  Mohb, Feb. 27.—Col
secured-: by.^agr.eeinent  ity.wpuld  be
kecuredijby'-btb'^'Jaean^.. Sr^ ... _■ ,,;'
Piilly, 800,000 miners have already*
laid'down'their tools, and will not
pick them-up, again until nn agreement
satisfactory-to the'Miners', Federation
is* reachedj The-men have.tbe government • behind them, and. feel the
victory has been won.1 It .was officially - announced late to-night ■ that tho
conference of tlie cabinet minister
with" tho Miners' Federation will bo
continued ,to:morrow. Lloyd BGeorge
Is draftln'g'a minimum, wage-bill, but
lt Is Btated that the government are
hopeful of being able to" secure the
establishment of the minimum wago
without" recourse to legislation now
tbat the "Welsh operators soo that thoy
nro poworlesB to resist-longer. Somo
bf thb rallwnys have sent out n'otlflca-
-Ions of curtailment of tholr services
owing to the strlko.
(8t.ec.nl to tho District Lodger)
LONDON, March 1,—Protnibr
Asquith today invited the miners'
exeoutivo comraittoo to moot tho
coal owners, but tho men defined,
saying thoy had nothing to discuss,
Thoy bad, thoy.said, placed Brit-
ish schedules of minimum of rates
on the table and thoy would main-
tain that position until otherwise
instruotod by tho minorfl,
Vj lapse of tbo pin, owners' "starvation WIHvprobably Quit Work When Miners
plan" to hold tho chlldron of tho striking, toxtllo operatives In Lnwrence
camo, today when successful doffanco
to Marshall Sulllvnn was' made and
three children wero allowed to loavo
for Boston,
in England Walk Out
PARIS, Feb. 20.—Speclnl Invonllgn-
tions In best-lnformod quarters rognrd-
lng the outlook In the European coal
, Industry go to provo that t'-ero Is ovary
Tho children, accompanied by their _ likelihood of a grave crisis nffocllng
paronts, boarded an early train fori tho principal countries of Buropo In
Bob ton, Marshall Sullivan ordorod the' a few weeks' tlmo.
children and parents to loavo tho train. | ' The French minors mot a fow days
The parents, howovor, declared that i ago to decide on a general strike but
thoy Intended taking their children the proposal to go out was at onco ro-
from the dlBturbod city, and defied the. Jected on the ground that it would be
pollco officer to do his worst, Marshal .more effective to do so on March 1,
' VICTORIA,' Feb. , 27.—Mr. Parker
Williams ,6qccupled the chair in committee of the,whole House yesterday
afternoon while the bill to allow women-to'practice law in British Columbia'was, under consideration. It was
his first appearance In" such capacity
this session and the members treated
him to a vigorous round of applause.
0LONDON/ Feb. 27."— Frederick
Crowsiey was arriagned yesterday at
Aldershot, the biggest British army
post, accused of. inciting the Boldiors
to traitorous.conduct/ Crowsiey distributed a leaflet appealing to the soldiers,, if ordered out against the strikers, to* disobey, the officers 'commands.
The'appeal began 7 '   /■■''
"Men,, comrades and brothers, you
are In the army; so are we; You are
In the army bf destruction;.we in the*
industrial army of construction. When
wb go;on strike and'you are called
upon by your officers to murder us,
stop? Boys'.don't do1 It., 'Thou shalt-
not kill,* says the Good'Book;' it does
not say unless you have a uniform on."
Smith Defeats Germer by Small Mar-
' yJ'   "gin; R^EIect McDonald
T51strIcf*,Np.-.3.-rJames Lord. Farm-
ing'tqn. ,7,  ? \ 7 " . 't    , ..-,.
— ■**, * '* *-   ■'
Pana:    - -
; District ,No., S.^Dan' Clark, Spring-
tield.    .v„—;.'/.V. „■* '
■•-District>;;No:.-"s6.—Frank, Hefferley,"
Colllnsvlllo.?.-/;-;.?.'    S;    x
,' .District No. 7-.—John Wachter,' Bolle-
ville7*y, ,,^;y -       .*   , *    •".     .
'""•District,'No: .8.—Phillip Davis," Du-
Quoln* (died, at Indianapolis, convention, new election). .
;" District No.' 9.—George Doolin, Eldorado."     ." . V   . •
Auditors—William Hall, Springfield;
Dan McDonald', Springfield; Evan Owv
ens, Bellevillev alternates, JamoB Pl<^'
man, Carrier .Mills;' Albert Vincent,
Virden; and' David Carter, Cherry.
The '.sensation of tho election,-was
the close-margin by which Adolph Ger-^
mer of .Belleville, secretary-treasurer
of BUb-dlatrlet 6, sufferod defeat.' In
tho nominations Smith socured three
raore.,thon Germor and secured tho
head of tho tlcltot, which Is hold to account for his victory. If Gormor had
been nt tbo boad of tho ticket it Is
believed that, he would havo won out
by several thousand votes.
Sullivan cajoled nnd threatened, but
hla efforts failed, and ho finally left
tho car.
Tho strikers, Including both sexos,
and the children arrested hero Satur-
the dato fixed for tho general strlko of
miners In England and Germany.
Tho prqspects, therefore,' look vory
grave, nnd It is fenred here thnt, un*
lens the men's-demands are acoedod
day, wilt to arnUuued in court thia \to, u severe blow will bo dealt tbw
aUornoon,, Tbo children aro charwd .trade In general throughout the world,
with being "deecrled chlldrfn">nd <ho It Is not thought likely that the ma_-
parents with "neglecting dopondents," tors will give In on the three*domands
Tf the defendants nro discharged tho , tho men mike—an eight-hour day ox-
amiu-T* atiMiit .iiat damage suits ag-j tended to all workers employed In
alnst tho city and police will bo atart- iimines. Increased pensions and a mint
ed at onco.
Fois Takes Action
BOSTONv Feb. 27.~Spurred to action by a flood of telegrams of protest
received from all over tbo flatted Sfal-
mum wage,
Franeii Alarmed by Threatened Strike
of,Mlr.irs In Drltaln
PARIS, Feb, 2f,—Tho greatest ap-
'prehensions are felt throughout Franco
es, Governor Foss. today ordered At- (In rogsrd to the threatened national
torn*y (Jeneral 0w|ft to Ittvcstlgato tho \ atrlko In England as Franco gets moio
clubbing of women by the Lawrence jthan half bar coal from that country
police ani their pr*v#ntlrg children be-! or about lO.OM.OOo tons yearly. Tbo
Ing sont eat of tbo elly to comfortablo' prosont stock hero Is low and a na-
hosMNt while tho textile striko Is on. tlmal striko Is Groat Britain would
Swift found tho order on his desk paralyta many Froncb Industrial coa-
whon bo iwirWf tbo ftate house today. c«.rn». , ...
. Last Friday evening tho Pollco Commissioners mot In the City Hall to
Investigate tlio charge laid by Chltf
Hall against Sergonnt Bowon, The
former claimed to have boon Biibjactod
to nbuslve Innfcungo by Bowen. Tho
latter claimed thnt It wns not until tho
ohlef suspended him on a triviality
that nny abu«o was Indulged In. *' Tho
Commissioners decided tb glvo tho
word of tho Chief proferenco, nnd Tlo-
wen's resignation was called for. Bo-
wen's services In the difficult position
during tho strlko call for commendation, and wo know thoro nro mnny in
tho commulnty who regret to hoo his
connootlon with tho pollco sovored.
An enquiry Is now being held In connection with tho fire In Bruco's Hall
somo two months ago.
Tho Fernio Commissioners for taking affidavits for elation rmmnnn..
aro: James Lancaster, Thos. Uphill,
David Paton, Illcbard Phillips, Oscar
Krlckson, Henry Bertram nnd Wm,
Mlnton, William Baldoratono was appointed for Hosmer.
If you lose your voto bocnuBo you
forgot to register, don't havo tbe of-
frontory to kick about ANYTHING
for a few yoars. •
The Imaginative statistician Is again
with us. ire'has calculated that the
nearly two billions of gold which tbo
United Stales now ow» wtilt.li.7,720,000
pounds, that It would tako 4,000 horwg
to pull It In wagons, and that when
they struck tho country roads they
would bavo to stop. ' This Is fine road*
Ing for moa ont of work.—NsUonal
Minimum Wogey
an4 Fortnightly
Pay in B.C. House
Press Gallery,
'     '   Victoria, Feb. 27
(8poclal to the District Ledger)'
On Thursday- Parker Williams introduced au Act Respecting tho Payment of Wages. ,It provides for the
fortnightly payday.
^Hawthornethwaite' moved the second
reading of his bill providing for a minimum wage of $3.50 for persons employed in. coal mines.-, He said that
labor bllls^ad so often been presented
and explained that it'seemed impossible .to present any- new phase to the
House, but the present one did present a new pkase. The Socialist party
tool. the. position always that it was
more advisable to settle" labor problems by political, action, through parliament, ■ than by«tho old,methods of
strike and,boycott on tho part of the
workeVs and the lock-out and discrimination, by employers.. , The - .Eight
Hour Bill for Coal Miners Jiad been
opposed on the' ground that it was
best for such* matters to be settled on
the industrial field, bufexoerience had
shown that it was better for the. House
to deal withf the'matter by giving the
measure of relief required? Since the
enactment? of the measure there ha'd
been ' little" trouble.. He - believed
that 8 hours was too long to work'in
a coal mine, bu'tthe miners seemed to
be satisfied for the present,, The bill
before them dealt with - wages,, and
sought to fix.a'minimum wage Jn certain, industries, it dealt'w./n coal miners. firsi>becauso .they, suffered under
certain disabilities others did not..,On
the 'European continent ,the workers
were preparing to deal, with'the'question of a-minimum' wage, and in England they were so fully organized that
strike the results would-be disastrous.
The government were'trying to reconcile the, two r parties,. and- if * the employers allowed them they might be
successful;-,if not.-the dispute would
.have to bo-tsettled. by, legislation; ultimately.' " As'fara/'the^questlbn'of
wages was concerned a. house bf legislation was not all-powerful. '- "Wages
took three forms. Thero .was'the aspect of wages as "real wage's," i.e.,
tho amount of necessary commodities
the money the worker received would
buy; the "nominal" wage, which was
their aspect as represented In1 dollars
and cents,1 and the "relative" wago,
which referred to that portion of labor's product received by the laborer
compared to that received by the capitalist class. The bill only affected
the "nominal" wage. It did not affect
tho "real", wago In any shape or form.
An Increased cost of living meant
that the nominal wage did not buy so
much as it did before,,owing to tha-
fact that the prices of commodltifw
had risen as a result of.the fall Jn the
value of gold compared with their value, thus causing the enhancement In
prices, and wages being based on gold.
they did not purchase as much ae
formerly.     s
The "relative" form of wages dc«-'
erved consideration.     In times past,
the worker had received a large portion of the wealth he produced bo-'
cause he did not produce much mora
•than was sufficient to reproduce his
labor-power, but in modern times __e<~
was in a very different condition'-Indeed.     In every capltalistically developed country today the workers pro-."
duced from "three to  five times, aa
much as they received in wages.   . But,
the bill now before them did not affect the question of real wages nor interfere withmatters of trade and com-*
merce.     Even if it.could.be shown
that' It did' affect the powers of the"
Dominion ,Governnient they should go ■
tn the limit, in passing it, because it
meant so much to the workers.    Caoi-
talism today-had greater power   over
the. workers.   The' latter had-begun to
.organize against capital, and. was' be--'
coming more powerful.,     If thb coal '
miners and railroad workers In'Ens- ■
.and came out on strike ifwould bring .
"about disastrous and anarchical conditions. 7Ho believed the bill" would bo
a remedy and prevent those conditions;*
from coming InB. C. by, providing "a
minimum "wage for. coal miners. -Many* ■
1-w«t,,v-vuuu(jui.-ma^ii[uay meij^Werij~
receiving from s. 5 to ?7 per day, and if"'
it were,true there would be no heces-"
slty for the bill. ,. But many miners, .
working at the face', did? not receive
more than $2.50 or $2.25 per. day, and
he had known of many cases ln which
men-had-rec'elved"an'average ot $1.71}'
per day and less for'a month's work!'
To .these conditions men would not
submit, and lt. was only a question of
when thoy would tako action in a brief
and definite form. ,   By enacting   __
minimum wage thoy (the House) could
anticipate that by providing what waa
termed "a decent living" for the,work-'
era under present conditions.    Many
(Continued on page 8) "
Provincial Election
Slated for March 28th
Special to District Ledger)
VICTORIA, Fob. 28—Minimum Wage
nnd Fortnightly Pay ,Day smothoidd
without any debate or division. Houso
Commission on Labor Conditions
The concluding sitting proved of
comparatively llttlo Intorest, moBt of
tho business having boon cleared up
at' Inst evening's soflBlon, which Instcd
until tho early hours of this morning.
During It Premier McBrido nnnouncod
that n royal commission would ho np-'
labor conditions throughout British
Columbia In ordor to ascertain if
ameliorative legislation could bo^pnss-
ed. In tho creation of tho coramlji-
slon ho stated that tho heads of labor
ln tho province would bo consulted,
ho did not Bay whother lnbor would
be, reproBonted.
NomlniUIotis will, In all probability,
tnko'plnco on March 21 nnd election*
on March 28. Al ltho old wnr horses
will run ngnln and as far ns can bo
soon there will bo about ton Soclnllnt
pointed  Immodlntoly to lnnulro Into. candidates In tho field.
To Develop New Areas
In the Crow's Nest
SPOKANR, Wnsh., Feb 27.—R. O.
Boldon, of Spoknno, prosldont of tho
Crown Conl nnd Coke company, which
hns 5,820 acres of coal lnnd adjoining
tho Crow's Nost PnBs company's properly In the province of British CoJuni.
bin, will stnrt for Europe tho mlddlo
of March to negotlnto n bond Issue of
$1,000,000 for the corporation. He will
bo' accompanied by C. L. llowor, man.
aging ongineer, of tho proporty.
"I have connt-ci'omt through which
wo will bo able to float tho bonds."
Mr. Ueldcn declared. "With the money
we Intend to buld II miles of railroad
and put In a plant capable of handling
_.,aa> tot* ot con. duily.   It everything
Rfws through n« wo expect wo wll!
hnvo tho plnnt In good shnpo early
noxl fall.
"The bonding compnny sent lis on-
Blnrer over the proporty Bnd appraised It at $0,000,000, Wo hnvo 120.000,000
Ioph of conl in night nnd hnvo spent
$200,000 In dovoloplng the proporty
nnd have It crown granted. Wo also
hnvi. r,,nnn.flnn r<f!. nf tm^nr
"Ono advantago we have ov«r most
of tho other conl mines In that wo only
have to pay a 5 cont roynlty, Instead
of 10 cents. Located at the summit of
lho Heckles, we hnve a frolght rato
10 _>*nl« a ton chfnner either Mut nr
went,"   i
FIUNK, Attn,, Fab. 24.—A holdup
occurred last night' la the vicinity of
-"rank. Harry White, of nellovu*-,
whllo returning homo from Frank at
10,20 p,m„ was held np while halfway through tho Frank Slide by two
mon unknown, Mr. Whlto at, tea
time had not much monoy about bttn.
but thought It best to tsk«| to his heels
and camo back to Frank. In tho
meantime tho two men came to Frank
and fried to bwak Into the C. P. It.
freight shed, but wero disappointed
•n thl», ns the night force held thenar, bay and called the N. W. M. potlco
Who suddenly cam* on tho scene and
tho two men were raptured and taken
fo barracks.
Tho meu woro sentenced and taUo
to Lethb.tdg* today.
' *■*.  f
■ '(,
I:        'I '.->«:
,*.. ■*.i ',,* ,, •■.
[■Vf--   t %      t
■ £"- »'1 ■. *'
■ YjiT'HEN WindsyAre Nippy here'is the toilet iotioiv'
,yy   < .that typifies7the true, perfection of all toilet
applications.   77,   ,      ''-   ■y.-v  '7yyy^   '      *
; -Sweet, dainty, not greasy, and of extra, special value, in*"
' the "care of the skin/' , 7.V'-'y  7'"    y...  yr
After a. walk -or/an auto ride?3ENJZO, ALMOND
■CROWN cleanses the' pores, restores the circulation,
removes all of the ill 'effects ,of the "wind:      y     S' • ■"
, Never hesitate'or .fetix to* go out for ah enjoyable "con
stitutioiial"; or to take healthful outdoor exercise because BENZO ALMOND CEOWNiwill always take -
care of you.eveii if yoii have on extremely delicate or
': sensitive skin. ...    •....• y  •        '    - - ■ '!'
Ladies appreciate itr 25c a box at   \
Bleas!deirs Drug Store
And Nothing: but the Best in fresh
and Smoked Meats, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., go to
Lumber for
all purposes
* here atr any time   and, in any ,
quantity.   You   cannot - swamp q
Vj        us with a large-order, or give
us so small a? one .that' we will -
not attend to it.
for any kind of building you
may be at work upon. Have
us send you what (- you want
when you want lt. ...
People's Popular Picture Playhouse
i    " -■ '. . «; ' . ,'      '
Where you can bring the ladies and the children.   We keep our
.'        ' „' ■> house lighted during the pictures.
Program for
Friday, Saturday
-   H. Ryder Haggard's Mystery Masterpiece
As a Gorgeous, Mystifying Motion Picture
Shown the "Tsis" way in 2 parts
. 4,000J?eet
'    - .i
Bill Taken for a Ghost
     ■ ,
Eastern Cowboy
. The Little Goat Herd
Saturday Matinee at 3
Two Shows Nightly, 7.45 and 9
Special Sale of Flatware
Ilonu-haiiiHuil Tea or Dinner Knives, at 91.21. per half doz.
isafl Wnllnco Ui'OH. Tea or Miiiiot knives, $2.00 iior hull dos..
Vj Po/., only Dinner Knlvon, host pinto, I1.7G
Vi Do/,, only Toronto Silver Pluto Ton KhIvoh, $2.85. „
1U-17 UoKeiB' lli-OH, Dlnnor Knives, *2,0l) por Imlf ilou, o
ItoKnrH' Host IMnlnd Trillin fipnoiin nt .lie. oncll,
Wm. Ko«er» nnd Hon Tftlilo Spoons f 1.7T. per hnlf iloz.
.R17 llrn'or.1 Hrn«   Tnliln Hfinnnn   *H 7R  iw hnlf .In.-
1817 ItOKorn' Hron, I.cu-.rt Bpooim fiM por half tlo..,
'_V-._  uii-l   -/.-.■-.%.   t'tllkti,  i.u*>-   _i....<,', £J7.  {«..' iii... -Jo/..
Wm. Hokoib* anil Hon Dlnnor ForUs, $l.r.O pnr hnlf doz.
Wm. Honors' nnd Bon Al T<m .■'orUs, IMG por half dos.   ,
.*"?» ;^"
■ A 'conference of .workers was held
recently in Birmingham, and'judging
hy the' report of-, the proceedings in
the Manchester Lahor Leader, it accomplished something.* True, it chiefly passed s resolutions; but there was
an unanimity on certain well defined
lines that showed howv determined the
workers were to continue the struggle
for'their rights. ThiB is one of* the
resolutions that was carried unanimously: - %
."That,this Conference welcomes the
growing discontent amongst the* people
which has been shown in* the recent
labor disputes. It congratulates those
unions which were able" to obtain increased wages and better conditions
for their members, and also those' women who, though not themselves wage-
earners; have stood snoulder to shoulder with those struggling for better
conditions.     It trusts that all Trade
• Th*a*Di8t-rlct^Ledgcr*acoepta no-response
mliw for, the vlqws expressed by its corros-'
Pondont-fc-'Cominunieanons win he inserted
•whether signed, by tlio real "name ot the'
writer ot a nom de plume, but tho, writer's
name-and address must bo.Riven' to'tho
■,\ jFP8 svidepcoof pood faith. In.no'caso
willit be divulged without consent."-.- V : ,*v
To" the* Editor,-, District'. Ledger:'7;
i .-,;.>- iy*-   ./ ',,-   .'• '■*... y-.-y
Bear'Sir_-^I__ reply: to, your two,cor-
respondenta^'of the'Iast issue'.'of,your
paper -rey'Iridustrial -Unionism;;'';' I
am only-a student'of Sccialism, iiot a
prdfereir, therefor.) ? don't'~ know ,i"ll
al>ou., .th'ls.new*; sc'er.ce,' and while-I
write-."what I"'believe 'to- be the
truth,* I'm"-1 still open, to "conviction" that
my assertions; are -wrong,,' A study
of Sociallsm"'among other things Bhows
us that from the introduction of'private property into'society that'It (society) has been, and still is,-divided
into two distinct classes, those.that
own' and, those that don't own—masters1 and* slaves. Tt "also Bhows us
that these stw ocla'sses are n'gain split
^    __ up and divided into classes or sections
Union7w.il con\lnVeTheTr"activit_es"to;amon:? themselves'through religious,
organize the workers ,of the. United.! W,al and national differences. W«
Kingdom, and to provide a stern fight .a^°-learn *that a11 Past' revolutions
for a more humane' industrial and so-|and ch«nees in society, whether i-elig.
cial life. In furtherance of this end,
the conference heartily supports the
Parliamentary Labor Party in "claiming that at least ,30s. per week is necessary to maintain a family in decency and comfort."; _'    ^ .',
; The motion to adopt the ■resolution
i ious, racial or national have been
brouglit "about*' , through economical
(bread and butter), clfanges. Now,
through* all/these revolutions' and
changes not. once do" we see the spectacle of. these two classes, opponents
as such; but behold,we see .one section of those that do not own arraign-,
was moved by Mr. Thos. Richardson, ,-€d side by 'slde.wlth a notion'of tli,oso
MP      vuhr,   cqH- * >*     • ... _*       _._-        ..    -.*'.-.   , '
M.P., who said:
■ "We welcome the labor unrest because it has gained for the workers
another instalment, at least, of the
wealth,which has been unjustly withheld-from* them,     e welcome-it be-
that own,.to fight another section of
those that -own? . Yea, surely.,\the
slaves have on'a hundred, battlefields'
given their life's blood.and Buffered
and endured In their fights for free-,
dom,;. but', still, slaver? "exists  today1
REPL,YrTO;«'AN0N»7" ^4,1.
' - '*- "* .-._l_______rr -." -v *t'-7 *■?■*.*"
,   ■*     '..ryryy^y,.
Tq the Editor,yDiBtrict Ledger:':"'?:"7...
-  Dear Sir,—1-should esteVm It'a favor
if you^give me? space*?in.ianswer,, to
Anon.    .The" primitive savage's' method of life Is-predatoi/. .,H<j Uv^d by,
hunting and7'fishing,:*. ami \upon.*wild'
fruit and roots/? - Such'a'inethodof.life
is; .at' any7ime/,''precarious^and -becomes more bo .withy the'; increase"' bf
population and;',tbe:wnsequeht'.reBtrJo-
tion of the tribal punting grounds.1 As
' time went on-the;savage.was, driven,tb
domesticate animals .and-'to cultivate
the soil in order'that his" means'of? life
niight be more certain";- OnceHhiB became general th'e-wa_*-jt"o "slavery was
open.  ' Is riot* that'plain? enough" for
you,''"Anon?" ■ >rithee,.man?get!edu-'
cated.   When fishing for pearlB do not
swim on'" top of the sea, they are usually found, on' the-sea1 bed.. '7 Little,,
tin gods ln India;' and'-.? Ohina. ?   Attack in the right quarter'and at the
right time.    It is easy to see you, do
not attend the economic class which"
meets every'Sunday afternoon in the
library of the ^liners'.Hall,1 also, the-
propaganda' meetlngB held in "the base"-
ment; of the-Miners* Hall.every. Sunday night, commencing 7.45 p.m., Do
not attack'the victims bf the'system
but the-system itself.    The little 4in
god cannot help but' obey. , He is just
as much „ a wage-slave", aB yourself—
more so in,all probability.  • Kill the
system;   vote right; \educate   right:
.When man left.protoplasm the incentive to live, became predominant, but
you, like a great many.inore of.the
uneducated,' have'-not'left that"stage*
yet. '   You cannot attain the" goall.bj;
casting reflections? ' It is far better'to'
lubricate"than to throw sand, for'the
revolution is nigh at hand.?    - . " '". ,
'.   " .Yours, in. the fight,
,. .   •'' jS'~ •   ,  y .     la. POLITIQUE
cause women, the worst-paid of the'!11! a worse*-f<jrm than-ever before."
workers, have won-substantial ad van-' T^, only outcome, of all these strug-
tages. , We-welcome it because of tlie &les were changes in the form'of own-'
great hope we find in it for the future ership and^ changes ln the, form'-, of
We'welcome it because of the added slavery.( *Why?r Because the'slaves
strength it has brought to the ranks ,hay« always .worshipped;"and deified
of trade unionism.      (Applause,)
the institutions-of private ownership,
in the means of life, such as the state,*
iwhich Js;-the .backbone,  the  strong
< "During  the - last ".twelve   months
the membership of working class or- .,     _  ■ ,      ,   .
'   ,-\,    -v     • ,,    ocnnnn ; a™, tbe fortress,-protecting .the mas-
ganizatlons has,increased by 250,000, 'flv •-„,„„„ - • . ... fv      7,,
f . ;,      * ?,„     , v      _ .t<Jr class an*-l their .supporters* at all
but there are still a large number of ,'..„„,'„..-- • ...       y-     ,  - 7- r
. . .,       n       .;,   ,.times, ruling ..with an iron hand the
men and women outside.    One of the  _,_„.„     >,_     ,-1 .,. ■ <        "
-    . , ,,     .   ■ , .. ■ slaves.   ,*;T__ere.is one thing we do
most imperative lessons of the unrest.-*    -      '£.     . f -       u"
see through, and that Is that although
Slavery'still exists in spite" of all. its.
is that leaders must leave no stone unturned to bring all tbe workers Into
: struggles,for freedom, that each suc-
line'and' to band them together in one i ■   ,,,'     „".„    *"•       7,   ■ •    .   .     ..
',.  s   ' mu   ,  ,   . , ,     ,     „ -ceedlng change-saw society progress-
n*nlt*>rl nrmv."     ThA inHiiRtrial anil noli- . . ;       .    . '   *    °, .Z -'
jing and advancing, towards a plane
jof civilization'^/which will afford-to
united .arm*y.- The industrial and poll
tical forces?pf labor must combine to
secure for the toilers the legal- recogni-'
tion of.the principle of the minimum
| each and all''its*'members all that is
„ .                              .... ,  „      ,    ; possible, for ,'th'em* to provide for them-'
living wage—a --wage which shall make '    ,„   "    ..   „iU   ^ y, ■ _.     ■    -.
" — "—^-r+selvesirr—Another--^thing-we""see"5"is"
possible, the development not only of
their physical, but of their intellectual
moral, and spiritual natures."
that'inside"any given system 'of bo-
Iciety there develops the seed of.the
new society.-which ultimately means?
The motion -,was ably seconded by jits overthrow., While this movement
Dr.' Marion Phillips, who possesses-,'in the past has Jbeen largely uncori-
just*that capacity of'.clear, convincing scious," today \ki have'', a conscious
statement which Is suited to a confer- j movement making for the overthrow
once of this kind.     She reminded the I of this our present capitalist system
delegates that,behind the men  and
women on strike arc wives and moth-
This class conscious, movement    Is
made up of Socialists who by tho,vstudy
ers, and that it is'they who bear the of this'new science .'(Socialism) real-
brunt of the fight. "They are not or-., Ize tbat slavery can only be abolished
gnnized ln any trade union; their trade .through society as 7a wholo    owning
is not ,paid for. But men would not
dare'1 to strike if their wives wero
against them." This plea for, the
woman who lias to face most closely
the problom of .the empty cupboard
and-the hungry children won an instant response.
' Only once did excitement reign, It.
followed on the, dramatic announce-
ment by^r. Robert Smlllle thnt tho
miners, controlling 600,000 votes would'
oppose tho resolution which Mr. Arth-
and operating tho means of life. ' Some
bf us' differ on the lino of tactics to
achieve tliis^nd, but attain lt wo will
at.'any^prlce.    , .,",  '•
i.-Now, Mr. Editor,'it. Is on tho lines
of tnctics that I.differ'with your two
correspondents on, Industrial Union-
ism. , Tlioy are wrong.'when thoy
assort-that wo political actlonlsta do
not understand Industrial Unionism.
Wedo, and it's because! wodo,' that we
recognize the futility of trying to eman-
ur Henderson, M.P., nnd Mr. W. C. | ctpnte the Rlavo class from slavery on
Anderson   had   Introduced   declaring ' tbe oconomip field.   . Thoy accuse us
mnnhood Buffrago to' bo unncoop.tablo.ot siillttlng up the class struggle, thoy llftBA in ,A .,„.   „ ...      on
Mr. Smlllle explained that the miners I ftro wr0„8l bocnuM wo don>t rocognlz; i 10P<> to do llttlo, until ho reaches 30
woro whole-heartedly In favor of adult fi.« ._. .-.. ~~,. __..» .- *.,..__ '>« »™>t novortholesB, bo, aholved at
Protest Against, Proposal to Fix Ap-
7 •' pointive Age at Forty Years   r.'
* "'. - " "'
. A correspondent; of the British Medical Journal enters an emphatic protest
against the freauency with which^the
stupid "too. old at forty", craze is now
being put into practical operation^
"Publicibodies in making'appointmerits
are-conspicuous in.this evil tendency
of-thus limiting the age of applicants,
and thereby," says the writer, "are not'
only' guilty of*, exhibiting very' serious"
ignorance,'but,of perpetrating gross
injustice to .the'public and .other per"-'
sons whom-they "fall to enlist lri;!the
public.service.' -The age disqualification which' is taking,place .amongst
working men bids fair_ to1'become" a
very serious element' in*the social .prob;
ditions are applied to the professions,
the veriest optimist is'disposed'to
become apprehensive. . Surely the age
of forty is? just about the time'when a
man begins to^a'chleve some degree'of.
level-lieadedriess and-common,'- Bense
and to.'prdfit by the many shortcomings of his past experience.; • ,-He looks
back and-sees a' woeful lack of-*tact
her, ,a follsh indiscretion, there, and
everywhere illustrations and;lns.'ances
of his want of knowledge bf human
nature, of men" and affairs.' '** Is not
the-period, from 40 to GO' the sanest,
wisest and most evenly'balanced, both
physically'and mentally, In the wholo
span of life?. The :I?ondon County,
council aro advertising for six medical
assistants ln the public health department, but none oyer 40 need apply. I
have no wish to mnho> youth fi. disqualification, but I think thoro aro
abundant reasons why at any rate, it
should not bo a sine qua non. There
was'a tlmo whon youth and inexperience wero considered disqualifications
but tho modori. tondocy is diametrically opposito, and, whilst a man muot
suffrage, but thoy did not think extension of tho, frnnclilBO should bo refused simply becauso women woro not
Included. As, a genornl rulo tho op-
position of the minors Ib fatal to nny
proposal and nntumlly tho friends of
women's freedom wore nlarmod. Mr.
Snowdon was on Ills foot at onco.
"Thorn hns bonn n considerable amount of suspicion about declarations in
favor of ndull, Buffrnpo," ho snld. "If
this conforoiico goes bnck on its previous profosBloiiH,' I can Imnglno nothing that will rIvo Jiistor causo for that,
suspicion."   In ringing toneii lio urtwil
tho commodity strugglo that Is taking
plnro every day between certain sections of tho slnvo class and tho master
clasH ns tlio class strugglo, doos not
go to provo that wo fall tb understand
tho claBB struggle, rather tlio contrary. A study' ot. economics (of
which thoy lay claim to) sliows us (In
foot It's hardly noeosFtary to bo n student of flconomlcH to bocomo aware of
40.. Anothor evil Ib that, if lio wishes
tb enlnrgo his experience or his sul ary
by a chnngo In his appointrnont this
must bo dono by tho ago of 30, or ho
must 'Btrlel..' It soomrt to mo this
matter Is of osBontlnl Importance, and
ono which tho British' Medical Association, In tho Jntorosts of the profession, Bhould scol. to rectify, nnd I nm
Fort Oeorgs Work«r_ Get Toatther in
Readlnm of Next Election
FOUT OlCOnOE, Feb. JC—In preparation for tho fivpoflffli. Prorln^lnl ojftr-
Uon, Uio Hoclallits of Fort Oeorgo and
district have organlMd nnd are laying
plana for an aggressive campaign,
At a publlo mooting bold In the Q.
T I', cafe the ground was gone over
thoroughly mu] It was decided to hold
a public mooting In tlio near futuro nt
which Mr. John Mclnnos, lormorly n
member ot tho l'rovlnclnl legislature,
will bo asked to deliver an nddroos on
" Thd following appnlntment* trero
made; Organlcer, F. W. Brlttlo; aoc.
rotary, !_, Maclean; treasurer, ll. Davidson; executive commlttoo, Nell Kennedy, Leo Dowon, J. Hugh, J. MoLood
and W. Urqubart
IriiBlH and combines tonda to Iobboii
and ollmlnato compotltlon nmotig tho
cnplt.il clnHB, lt lias tho opposllo offoct
upon tho worlcoro, an InoronBfd compotltlon for nn ovor docronslng numbor ot
tlio pnrtv to rofuso tho extension of tlio I •lo1»8 "Vnllnblo, by nn ovor Increasing
franchise   to   men   unless   womnn's ,"'m>' of nnomployod.   .Again, tho In.
rights .to citizenship nro r-onoKiil-XPil. J rt'iotrJnl Unlonlut would Ignoro    tho
lint tho specu'h which cari'led tho dny
wiih MIbh Mneitrfliur'n.     R'llli oxciih-
nblo emotion alio nttnolcuil tho posl-
tion which tho minors had (niton,
"I llttlo thought 'tho dny would
como wli-cn I Bhould nil end n labor
pnrty conference nnd find that tho
men by whom trndo union women hnd
Htoort woro thinking of deserting thorn.
Wo linvo often been told Unit wo womon adult snt.rngiHts were being misled. Wo hnvo ronllnd on every op-
onslon that wo trusted, our labor men,
ami yot the minors now sny that they
will tako manhood suffrage nnd loavo
tlio women out. if this resolution
Ih carried, will not tliouo who condemn*
ed us have spokon the truth?"
Miss Milllccnl Murby, of tho Fabian
Society, continued tho attack, And tho
voto wns taken nmldst a scono of tenso
oxcltemont. \Vlion tlio figures were
announced—010,000 In support of-tho
resolution nnd 680,000 against — tbe
•nni.huf.la_m ot the victors was unbounded. Men and women sprang to thetr
feet and cboered again and again, How
near tbo party had como lo eternal
Uio fnct)  that, as tho formation of StioTm m* °' "^^  * "*
Ledger Ads Always Gst Tfrcrs
Htntfl. nnd yet U'h tho Rlntn thoy nro
up ngalnfit In lliolr efforts to Hhortcn
tholr hoiit'H of lnbor, rnlno tholr whkoii,
iipbnM tho rights of froo spooch 'nnd
public nssoinhlngo, Thoy ennnot Ig.
norc tho Stale It thoy would. What
will bo their posltloiiH whon lho com-
mon enemy tnko lliolr Inst stnnd behind tlio ditches of flovornment own-
nrslilp? We'll hnvo lei capture thoso
dltrlif'B In order to defeat lho cnpltnllst
class, if biicIi Is the cnsA nnd the
....._,/..i«l ciMw«ibin lutotinue it hiiU
mv i-n.nir Id v<v im-h nwihinh, i!.t..
why differ from the flo'cJnllBt, who atiya
that Ititelllgont political notion Is our
only weapon In tho nil absorbing class
ntruRRlo, nnd to uso It tho workora
 -  -- V-._i.4.<tS_  _-..« *u»^,4.'4-»Mi
for Biicb. As long as lognl moans to
gnln tho ends are open for us, let us
use thern; whon thoy fall us, If thoy
do fnll us, then any other means that
our Intelligence bids us uso.
Vonrrt tn the scrap,
! y A. 8. JULIAN.
bid you, turn to the
legal profession, aiid Imagine tho ab-
Hiirdlty of tho ngo of 40 being consldor-
od too Bcnllo for election io tho judl-
dnl honoh; or turn to tho church, nnd
Imnglno tho premier sonrchlng about
for Bomo oxjiorleiit'od dlvlno under'40
to nppolnt to tlio noxt vacant boo."
' '4£r
.*,-■ -
- - . "-J -
--7,':-..---,'.7-^v7-.-7 ,?,.'--'o-"' -».**. '
■ K-v!..7-77 "■*'" 7.7 ■ •'- j
'a ;'*.'J.*-\i vrt',-. -' "j'«-1\ •• > y-,-.,
'.. K-.
Dry-Gbcids,y^ Bbbt§7$hoes ■ >
\        V*. ',-_■■-,     . v>.y vb,    "i^ ,./v"1ni-f   *v r _,   ;,  f
' ?* - 7'-Men's/Furhishirigs*-;^y ••;-""
- "p^
^ r.
_. ^I-J  ^   r .
Groceriesh Fruit's and
'',--»-'■'1'   i:'r^-->■■?';.-i''•'•■>'  '*'■"
if- ■
-. .-.*«■
Dealer in
Hardware,  Stoves, y Ranges;
Fancy Goods and StSLtionery
Bellevue Hardware & Furniture Co.
1 (-f". . . ~4-        ■'*■- .. ,-.       *>-.i '    ,■     •,■-    '.t .   --.\,. -.   y. *.-   .      .,**
: "■*"" - :-7,"- \ ■" '■•;. 'Headquarters for'v7-J-7'"'" .    ?■* • •
-        -, ■ ^   i    •     .* • .    . -.-.. * 1     .'  - -  -..   .*■*■   *, *,."•
: House iFur^^^^
A Complete line of ' **   ■.'• Look,around first
Every day, a Bargain Day Here
■ V -yvffilicrestr"Alta.;..' r.y.',7/.';'
",..; Glean arid Comfortabte
7;.x;     vrTasty-M^alis'^7'' V> -^y'y-
I        "      ' -,"''     '•'   - -, -,'      •'        s,    .'--*•   ' V     '     > . -    ",*'      '
,       f .   \   ,    r       '"--'      . ....        - .„„,-.-«     ■.'. -  -    ' '-  ,' '.'-     "I-      '   -■    '     -'..
'.'■-'   H;J.:.CUNNINGHAM,7Proprietoiv ;i
v *    .    •.< » •* - *._ *_    -     ** _ _.■'.' ._■*...   ._! »       *   . .. .L    "-..--___.
Cblema.11   Opera,   House
.,        ■    .    ALL-STAB COMPANY ^
Th.ta_t;s«, Marcli T€kk
Presenting Orohestic Selections,  Voeial.; Solos  and
Duos; Humbrou? Readings. , Featuring the Anvil Chows,
,Now Costumes, New Music.'-'-'-   ,'    y1   '.     ;*
■ PRICES:  $1.00, 75c, aindSOc.
A.    1.    _L_>_Lr_fl.ll__)
, •■ '■ Grocer
- y ■   . '
Wo carry a.full lino of   .
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Sight
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103       r:        Frank, Alta.
SMMb Gum
S_f_?ilX *T0,,* «>*"«»«•. eu»M COIBS,
al-ff-a  MM  MM
f m       N-mmi    -mm-.   «n«.
I c_>
It offors invowtrnftnt par fixefinonco for tho smnl'l
investor with a certainty of good results. ■ Lots
are soiling at $300, all cleared, 83ft x. ,183ft.
Call or write for our maps and literature.''
. _ i . -    *". ■      ■     '  r.■--«-■.■ •
The Union Land Company, Ltd.
NATAL, B.C.; ■>UM-
Ml>-~ ■-;-_ '-i -.*■
\w ■-;.--*
'-  -•-.:.♦        _ ','  J* vi-   ,'—  ..- - _;"-*■
v- .-• '.;7.<*/7?,!:?y •> .* " ■".
-.<'*-. if-::?,. .-•;-;..-■__■•_--jti-^Vs.' .r_'"7.7*
.-__..„—„  ,	
THE . DISTRICT  LEDGEB, FERNIE,    B., C, Mj___ROH 2, 1912.
W -.
I |i'i'WniiHii|iiii.iiii«i(»^J.|l|iii|i'ir»i|iiii,..i!
I rara!
,:-.I Wll 6 1,3 «   _„_ _      _
pl|||il'i!i»|i" iiMiiiii.Mill,|inii||iuiiiMiiiu i|i||i:i.[i....i
I tnasre mmVimmmt
.r   "_ llllllllllllllUli
» E. C.'R. writes asking us if we.
'could give him a few points on gov-
, ernment' ownership, as lie* is ..about to
, take part "in a ° debate In' support, of
?same. 7.'-. _-.   •   '*, ".' ?     ' ,?- "
.'-,"'Ans.-y-Frorn'our viewpoint government" ownership is,-but one'"step for-
. ward,in the movement'for control of
' public, utilities .and means of, "produc-
" tion".' Bo long as.the'capitalists con-"
.trol the government powers the method'•by.,'which , industry ;is run .still
entails*the subservience of the worker,
, aiyl hy* no - means,- solves "the unemployment-question.   ' If/anything gov-
'":'.ernmenl;, 'ownership tends,-to increase
,sthe intensity,.of   the   unemployment
^ ? problem, - as --tile centralization 'of cbn-
- trol would result in the" more economical production-of the circulation of
commodities?,-,tliat is the?market/and
'" you will readily see that even govern-
'ment ownership as at present understood,-cannot arbitrarily control supply
7 and demand'.* Under government own-
* profit^ which necessarily." implies the"
. exploitation pf. the wage. worker. -' Sui--
1 plus value is'extracted nt tho point of'
production," and .this surplus" value "_•?
unpaid,labor, ami the .capitalist system
• depends for its sur*/iv,il'uiion.tlie vim.
'tlnuance of the'exploration of those
i who; have but £..'_.•.•'labor power'to
dispose of.    It stands to'reason, there-'
, fore, that the^uestion ofchanglng the
name of the", nianagement Is of smallr
- concern  to   the • working  class,* al-
. though.possibly it might havo tho of-
feet of decreasing the rate of exploitation to those actually employed. However, this Is doubtful and perhaps those
who aro already government employees
can enlighten you on this point/';,,
Municipal ownership of public utilities is an object lesson, on -a smaller
. scalo, as to the bcnofltB to bo derived
for the workers.' Tho law of capitalist production Is, not eliminated, and
tho resort to methods' of suppression In
cases of strikes for bottor conditions
ls evidenced ln the late,strlko of thb
Btreot Cleaners of New York City. The
- adoption of this plan of ownership in
the various cities of Groat Britain has
not vory materially Benefited the workors ns a class. Profit ls not eliminated, and for all Intents and purposes
tho system ls simply modified.
Government ownership, as at prosont
. understood, doos not moan control by
tho people, as tho representatives In
the various legislative asesmbllos, with
but very fow exceptions, are but tho
servants ot thoso who at present control Industry. You, ot course, may
nol nccopt this slateniont, and nslt
Is hnrdly posslblo for us to go Into do-
tails to make It sufficiently clear In
this answer, wb would recommoml
a study of somo of tho publications of
Chas, II. Korr and Co,, as much de-
ponds on understanding whnt constitutes the govornmont
2# Bri^y^mm the L&rigthy
of iheSWdrkers'-':
In Ilnvmla womon work on the rail-
rond as sod Inn hnnds,
During tho past year the Amorlcnn
Federation of Labor Ismied ,120 chart'
era to national, international, central
local trndo and federal lahor unlonB.
Tto Children's Hair
h Uttte Eitra Cart Now May Save
Alto Yawn) of Regret
. -untie. •_> pur maatu .nit. itia head
finmitlrtiH snd ih* hair ha* a t»nt..tiftv
to mat and vet at-cky on tha scalp.
Boap and viler doain't mm to remove It. but tht hair must brest.it
to b« fetalthy. Juat try Nysl't H.r.u~
tna Hub it into tha roots of tha hair
with tha..balls of tlia. Angara. Tha
ohlldr.n Ilka It and -will aik you ta
'tiM it Hlrautana Ioomti* ur» the an*
«<_u_u_aia(- tu-t aao it_r»j<lti_tton a__0
tha. hair and aoalp aan than ba aaallf
and thoroughly clean*..    Attar It is
, dried stive another application of Hlr-
sutona.   AMar youhava used It for
, a whlla you will admit It la tha baat
•you have arar uiad. Tour Nral Dru_r
Ktora will ehiarrully narantaa Illrau-
tona ta 4o all that la elatmad (ar It t
F"or Bala In Ferii-e an«f nnarantf»«fl by
/'<;S   ■   "■" ■•
Oh February ■ 12th; C. sM.-< O'Brien
commenced his address in the'Alberta
Legislative House at Edmonton on the
motion , "       -*.'■'
'• '"That-this House is of'the opinion that the Provincial Government
.   has failed in its'duty in not proceeding in the courts against thb persons
; upon 'whom .responsibility' rests for
the dieath of thirty-one" men- killed in
the mining disaster' which occurred
. a^ the Bellevue. Mine on December
' 9th. 1910."    '."" '    „    ",-
And gavo a detailed description of the
mines from the report of'G. S.'Hudson, Deputy Minister of Mine's, Ottav a,'
and tho history,of the case ln connection with'this disaster. 7 ' ! -
"> As the- evidence submitted' at, the
Investigation-is more or \ less well-
known to our? readers, we oniyye-
produce some of'the more interesting'
ports of O'Brien's speech which go ,U
shgwv.what"the. workers may expept
from' the so-called representatives of
"the^pebp.o"—Liberal or Conservative.
On December 9th an explosion occurred in which 31 men lo3t their lives.
At*?that time this House was in?session, and I "had a Bill-to Amend .the
Coal Mines Act before" ~the house,. I
rose to a question of privilege.- and
spoke'for about an hour and a'half,',
during which time I'descrlbed the conditions at. the . mine, and conditions
under which-jthe,-miners, were working. .I remember,'sir,-.that when'• I
took my i seat, -after I, got'.through, I
did,not get much'applause from these
honorable members, who are so.*fond'
of talking about .the'people.. Ih fact
I„got none: and further,*no member o£
the government attempted * to reply."
I also "remember,-sir, that the .then
junior member for Calgary;' It. B. Bennett, a" man with a good»line of talk,
who-was also,a C. P. R. lawyer, speaking,'doubtless: on behalf of that .rail-,
road company; „v/ho Is' heavily»interested in'co'al mining, said, in His elo-'
quent manner, ttiatwlillsl heand' every
regretted this' disaster, yet It'was one
of these' unfortunate ""• circumstances',-
could.not be avoided. , Explosions, he
Bald,' are'unforeseen, and cannot be
prevented.;., J remember, sir, quite distinctly,' tho round*,, of. applause that'
greoted'thls^entleman as he sat down,
and I-felt sure..that at .that,time the
government were'very pleased that-a
man who'had the oratorical abilities
that It, B. Bennett liad,' was a membeT
of this assembly, even though ho sat
on the opposite benches to the Government.' ; ' y
,.l wish, ■ however, Mr.-Speaker, to
Impress upon the hon members that
another explosion, just as disastrous or
more so, than tho explosion which occurred on December 9th, 1910,' Is liable
to happen at any time. I remember,
sir, in that year, that ray proposed amendments to tho Coal 'Mines Act was
boforo tho Commltteo of tho whole
House for two or throo days, and I
also remember how vigorously tho hon
mombor for Athabasca (Mr. Cote) pro-
tcatod ngalnst the bill being passed In
commltteo. I did not know at that
tlmo that.tho hon. mombor waB Inter-
OBted ln mines; I did not know that the
hon, member was aspiring to bo somo
day a Mr. Baer of Pennsylvania, 'who
Iiob such immense mlplng properties,
and who olalms to hold' them by Dl-
vino Right (Notoi Cote ls part owner'
of tho Jaspor Park Colllorlos).
The Houso prorogued on Docembor
28tb, thus slaughtering tho bill, slnco
It had not emerged from tho ' commltteo stage, Beforo tho Houso prorogued, howovor, tho first minister
promlsod thnt n commission should bo
appointed to make Investigations and
bring In necessary amendments, That
promiso was mndo sometime botweon
tho 30th and 20th day of Docomoer,
1910, nnd that commission Is not appointed yet. Why has this commission not been appolntod? Ono would
Imagine that If tho Government took
nny Intorest nt nil In the workers of
llio conl mlnos thoy would nt leant
do something In nn ondonvor to nt
len nt mnko tho mining oondltlona of
Alborta as safe ns thoy nre In other
parts of this country, nnd othor parts
of\ho world.
Lot mo road you tho statistics of
inlrlnf. fatalities from this bluo book
Is/i'Od by the Dominion (lovornmcnt,
Thoso ctntfstlcn nro spread ovor tho
term of 10G*V1810. Futnl nccldcntn
pn 1000 men employed, also a.novm
end slight accidents.
Albetta—Falal, G.20« sevlous, 13,52;
slightly. 0.07.
Ili.tJitli Columbia—Falal, ..M; serious, 8.W. slightly, *.■_!>.
Nova ScoHn—Fatal, 2.V7;    serious,
r>.87* Bllghtly, 3.12
Great Britain—Fntnl, 1..0.
V 8. A.—Fatal, 3.8:. -
Por the year J 010 tht high dentb
t'i»f.i- of to.-!*? per 1000 town'«rupin-';*»
In tho coal mines of Alberta, will pro.
bably placo this province In tltu unenviable position of having (be bl.r_n.-t
death rate for Canada or (he "United
States.     Both, Mr. Speaker, Is the
itatlitlcs ef tbe Mines •J.raneh ef the
Daw-lnlet. GeTwi.i_.en_.     Tbe Prem-
tar'a *rmrn thnt (he Comtnfas.on has
not been appointed la tbat tbe mines
were on strike from I>ece'mber 10,
1910 to the latter part of 1911. .'But
that, Mr. Speaker, is a very poor excuse. Tho commission', could havo
been appointed and have dbne its work
.whether the mines .were- striking/or
not,*and by this time we should have
had thelr^report, and enacting some
amendments to,the statutes to make
their working conditions more safe:
Before the present-session'opened
Mr. Clem Stubbs, Vice-President, District 18,* U.' M. W.of A.,' and myself
called upon'the Premier relative to
that position. He assured us- tlieu
that the commission should be appointed" immediately, after the close-of "this
session. I had no idea at that time
that, .his session 'would last so long,
or,r certainly-should not have'been-
as satisfied with that" promise as-1
was."' ' Supposing' that the''Premier
lives up to'his promise—I am not at
all-certain? that" he-will, for he, has
already, put* it off, we shall-'not have
the report before us {ill the session of
1913. "In.the face?of these facts, I
am very. suspicious that the government ,thin__,.but ve'ry. little "of protecting the lives of 'those" who have to,
work for a- living. , '  '«-      ',       " ,
7 ... The God of Capital ,
" L realize,' Mr. Speaker, that such a
subject as this is not a' desirable one
to this house;-the God of Capital is not
at all sympathetic- -, I,took the trouble
to get a list' bf the shareholders of the
Bellevue Mines, and. I find that there
are residents in Canada—how many do
you-think?—three? ■' Of those three,
one,'Mr. Whiteside; lives at'Coleman;
one at Blairmore,1 and onevat Montreal.
All the rest" live,in,France. So you
see, sir, it is-impossible for us to" get
at the owners. ,"* The rule of Capital
is. very-kind "to-it's proteges, it'.fortu-.
hately protects the owners. The owners do-hot manage their" own property
they, hire slaves tp .do the work, and
to take th© responsibility: *. These men
all, but those Ido know are real good
fellows. - ...
• In-preparing this case, Mr.'Speaker,
I had occasion to look into the criminal code, to find but what constituted an offence .also .if an offence had
been committed i to find out who was
responsible," and' I' find, sir—I will
quote,.-from memory—I, found that
"Homicide" is the taking,, of human
life "in any form.. Homicide that is
not culpable, is not an offence. Homicide is madeculpable when the killing
is by an unlawful act'or by an omission to perform--., legal duty, or both;
Homicide is murder or manslaughter
according to the circumstances of the
case. For instance,.if by an unlawful
act, or, by an, omission to perform a
legal duty, o.r. both,,I, cause death,"in
tending to do so then it is murder.
If however, by,, an unlawful act, or..by
an- omission »to perform a legal duty
or both, I cause-death,.'not intending to-do so, then it is generally manslaughter;' but even then it may "in
some cases.be murder. *. ,
• -.' 7< •* The Charge 7    -
'. Now," .sir, i? I -'-wish to' quote' to ■ you
from the -files in support of this charge
but before * doing-1 so I. would like to
say that to my mind, the manner in
which these'files "have been .brought
down is an indication that the government is not ^desirous of protecting the
lives of the miners.-
The Government's Desire to Protect
""7 The Miners   " ' j,
The Enforcing of'the Coal Mines Act'
-The-only time the Government has
made any move - at' all to enforce aiiy
of the provisions "of the Coal Mines
Act has only been after a spirited agitation on the--part'of the miners; and
sir, do not.think for?one moment that-
the miners .raise'these kicks for'-the
mere fun (,of *■ kicking,' they have, too.
much'on'thelri.hands for that? ' ■ They
have to-, consider-tactics -and with
them as ^everyone else, they find that
the path-.of. least'resistance  is-the
not like to be cal^e'd slaves, but nevertheless that is what-.-they are. . We
see the general,manager,has an assistant, and that assistant is constantly
watching the general.manager trying
to trip him up to get his job. The
manager also has his assistant,' the
"superintendent being his ' assistant;
and they are rated in Balary according
to their position. That Is one of the
rules of the system. We'find the
same thing exists in tho government,
And here, as there, lt Is not the man
who does the most work that gets the
most pay, In fact, quite the contrary
is,-he case, and lt ls "only natural that'
theso men will try. to get tho position
which has tho largest pay attached to
It, and t bo wo find competition bet-
'weon the workers, ond many of them,
who valuo official positions will stoop
to any trick to attain that covete 1 potii-
tlon. Mr. Speaker, tho vory mr..s-'ip
of p'certy undor cnr-ltnllsm fo,- .a
tho v.nrkers Into iho resi.onslblll'y -if
--.•ini-iff-mont. I ci.n not bring tlie
owners here, nei.hc^ can I aBk i,.«
G.vornmtint to do so, bo all I cm
do k to fasten tho Mnme upon mem-
brs oJ my own cla-.*.. It Is not >. desirable occupation for mo. sir, I can assure you, and yot undor this system,
Involved as we nro In the clasB struggle, wo havo no choice. Whilst tho
mon upon whom I nm going to try to
fix tho responsibility of this disaster
aro mombors of ray class, and as mombors of my class, wo havo certain
Interests In common. Yot whon It
comes to tho commodity struggle, tho
strugglo for a living, if you will, wo
are onomlos, Wo are forced upon the
world's market to compete ono with
the other for a living, nnd somo of us
have to go down, for there nro tat
moro mon thnn Jobs. Tlio law of supply and domnnd works In tho lnbor
mnrkot ns suroly hh with nny othor
commodity, Tho market for packets
of labor powor bolng so overcrowded,
those who aro fortunate enough to
find a buyer for tholr labor-power nro
plncod moro than ovor upon tholr mottle.- In tho caso of officials, they nrn
pnld to extract surplus vnltios, and
some of thorn to make thom_olves
moro socuro with tholr masters, will
ovon sacrlflco the lives of othors If hy
so doing they enn oven have a chnnco
qf holding tholr JobB or got a bottor
nrm. When *\ifh thl*m»« nn . .mi n^nnt*
Mr. Speaker, whon hnmnn 1Iv«»h are
being played' with m pnwns upon n
choHBbonrd, being offered ns n sacrifice to the God of Capital, wo hnvo to
romombor thnt "Solf preservation Is n
law of llfo." We mnst. to nrotort nur-
selves, whenever wo find thoso who
will sacrlflco us to their Interests,
bring them to task.    In bringing this
easiesfone -toHravel, ancTso, when The"
union doe's-butt iin it is esentially be-.
cau~se*they7have,to do for-the proted;.
tion of their lives. '
"No Criminal Liability Brought to the
,-,   Attention,of the Government."
These documents, which I have'read,
have proved beyond doubt that both
the Government,officials and the management of tho mine,*were,violating
the law, and further that they knew it,
And- what has' this government done
tcr.fasten the responsibility on the
guilty party? Nothing. They have
taken no intorest in the manner at all
as shown by the fact'that they havo
not got", a' copy of Hudson's roport.
And further than that, havo never received a report upon this disaster'from
any of Its officials. Why have thoy
not got a report?. No wonder the
Govornmont In nnsworlng my questions tho othor day said,"That no criminal liability has boon brought to the
attention of. tho Govomment," But
why have thoy not demanded a report?
They had ono on tho other explosion,
whoro no,lives wore lost, but I suppose tho ronson Is obvious. In tlio
ono caso dollars. and conts woro at
stake, but In' tho other it was moroly
a question of human lives. Tho Mines
Act provides that a commlttoo of tho
mlnorB shall ho an inspection com-
mltteoTrit nny tlmo they think tho
mlno ls unsafe or the provisions of tho
Act aro bolng violated, . I asked in
my amendments thnt thb pnld officials
of the minors shall bo allowed to form
that commlttoo, bocnuBo tho minors
woro almost nfrnld to undortnko such
work, knowing as they did that If thoy
brought In a roport which waB against
tho management tholr sorvlces would
no longor bo required, Tho officials
which aro paid hy tho miners would
bo In tv position to bring In a roport
which would ho right, hepausoln a
nenso thoy would lie moro Independent
to net, Now, sir, In dealing with tho
ense In trying lo prove that tho gov-
ernmont hnvo boon negligent In protecting tho lives of thoso men, I fully
ronllH. iny position, I ronllzo thnt I
oreupy nbout tho immo position nnd
Iho snmo olmnco of nn Impnrtlnl verdict from the members offthlB Houso
as I would If I wore suing Ills Satanic
MnJoHty nnd holding the court In
Hndos. '
The Attitude of the House In the A. O,
W       P_,«*»«.i_f     ^fl»vt."i"*«.,..l    i.,111,      ,1
_. ,--«...,,,  ...^
CharccM of thn Minora
I romombor tho eloquence of
Mr, Bennett, tho thon Junior mombor for Cdlgnry, nnd to whom tho
House listened In rnpl attention tn his
Btflrt.   .won tho novprnmotit       T  m
House?;would "adjourn • the debate, for*
three' weeks-to-enable him to ge_7 a
book "from New York he would prove
that the Government were a set of
grafters: - Bennett did not have his
proof, but, sir,-I haye the proof of my
accusations right" here, I remember
at that time.how every member was
looking sideways "at every other member, fondly believing himself to be the
only white lamb in the flock and feeling miserable with himself and everyone' else cbecause he had not" had a
chance to get in on the supposed graft.
I realize, sir, that I cannot lobby
among the' members of the house for
their support of.this motion. I cannot be and don't want to bo premier,
neither' can I promise the 'attorney-
generalship to one, tho .secretaryship
to another,* and so on'to make an insurgent cabinet.- I. cannot make pro-,
raises ,to the members of the-government .to, induce theni to insurge. I
have' no inducements to offer' them,
and further. I have no wish to do so,
for I am dealing not with paltry "dollars, but with'human lives. Here is a
case- where 31* men have lost their
lives by the culpable negligence bf
the-Govornment Department of Mines
and the management of the Bellevue-
Over in Cherry Hill,-.ll.,.an explosion took place' when' hundreds of
men were undorground^-ond the officials-there, backed, up by-the militia,
decided to brick down- the mine shaft,
to smother the fire and thus prevent
the.further damage to the timber, coal
hay, and, machinery which was in that
mine.-'- Incidentally, those hundreds
of men were smothered too. But-that
did not matter, since human lives are
cheap, and -there were plenty of slaves
to take their place. ■ The, friends, relatives arid fellow workmen of those'
unfortunate men who..:were in'.the
mine, tried to, break nast the ranks of
uniformed .assassins who were guard-,
ing the mine shaft, b(u\ were repulsed;
but' one man; not to be beaten, thinking .only, of,those, men in the, mine, organized a-?rush.party who drove every
-thing,before*.them, entered the mine
and brought several men out alive.
This-in-,face,~bf the, fact that .the officials had, declared .that nothing could
•be .done.-.- " I remember the wave of
horrpr„"that went.,through Great-Britain" and • Canada at; the inhuman* way"
in which these* m,e.h ■ were j. ricked dow.n
property... How-.every paper wa"s full
of it; and how loudly,they, metaphorically, speaking,'? patted,. themselves1- on
the back that -they, were not' living
in such a,.'..barbarous, country and
amongst such inhuman conditions, But
conditions are" the same in Great Brit-,
ain and iii .Canada as ln tho Slates. ,
In'Great Britain we/all remember the
Whltehaven'l'disastcr, whero 137 men
were" murdered in tlie Interests bf tho
the God of Capital.
On the ,6th of May, King Edward
died, and when,this Houso convened
again on the 26th day of May a resolution of confidence to King George and
the members of royal family was Introduced. . I tried to uso tho Whitehaven
incident to get that voto extended to
tho bereaved relatives of thoso men,
but this Houso would havo none of lt.
What better proof could we havo that
tho lives of working men are not valued when a government will even refuse to pass a vote of sympathy on
such an occasion.
I have never attempted lo play on
emotions. To suppress ray omotionn
is vory unnatural to me. I nm by naturo llko all thoso of Irish blood,-vory
emotional; as evidenced by tho Irish
songs, dancos, and genornl characteristics, I havo tried,-as far as posslblo to crowd out my feelings ln pub;
Ho uttornncos. I dare not tell you ln
detail whnt I saw at Fernio at tho
tlmo of tho Fernio oxploslon. I dnro
not try to toll you tho Bights that
mot my eyes; mon blown and nut to
pieces, mutllatnd beyond all description ; a head hero, n log thoroi a blooding trunk, lying In nil directions; nyo,
nnd not only men, but poor llttlo hoys
who should havo boon Jn hcIiooI, T
dnro not try to doscrlbo tho shrieks,
tho groans thnt met my earn on ovory
Bldo, I enn nsBiiro you, sir, that thlH
Is no . mattor of nmusnmont lo mo.
Although tho first minister nnd tho At-
tornoy Gonoral nppnnr to think It. vory
funny. I want to toll the first minis-
tor nnd tho Attorney General that
whon this story Is scnttor.'d ovor this
provlnco, as it will ho, thnt. that grin
will avail them nothing when ihoy,
romo In contact with working men.
Tlio Premier nnd llio Attorney Genornl
may Hit bnck,In their rlmlrs nnd smllo
all thoy wnnt, hut tho workors of iho
province nro fnnt, coming to n point,
when thoy, will bo no longor tho tools
vi -Hi-.'. .... uwin. .Vina .ur.u.T proof
mulil he jjo_-(3i-J ..._.. .:,.;_, f,V/iv,-.*j.-.,t.-,',_
thinks more of n fow dollars thnn of
llvos undor th«Hr cnr« ihnn tho nnoon-
cornr-d mnnnor In whloh thoy nro Inking this ncen.mt.pn. hut the first mln-
The HOME Sfifctf-
The    ..
Young  Man's
7   Every chartered Bank particularly> clcsires to     \ y
7 make a .regular customer of the. young man who  .«   y
can, save a dollar.   From the experiences of the"'■*.    y
.-  past'decade-the 'Management of the Home Bank     .' ''
" has learned that the careful saver of to-day will be "
y     .the man worth'while'iii the future1.   Therefore y
every courtesy and attention .is extended, by the y   ;
-Home Bank to the young man who comes with a
single dollar to .open an aceount, and full com-       :'
pound   interest   Js'  allowed   at.   the    highest
bank rate. -" -   . ..- '   „-:■■■
505   < 0
HpraH •
office        'Toronto BrMc!;:;ii:r"tio!5
-i     ,   '■    *
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager.
throughout Canada    -
Fernie Branch^
Jewelery Re-pairing a Specialty
High class selection of ,   *   " -,
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
The Lady Sits and Sews
•-v :& ,$*"'-*- -- '
'jiWKunfiwwifli; 77* v-?!".y
.*y,y.yy.y. -.
\>VV   _  -1 _,_«_,J     *tlrfiM^&tfA._*«._.__r«'«ij',(l-.*iKtR.-*»'>l
Get a Water Motor Washer
and Be Happy
• *>•
Ihsurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
member tno. Blr. how ho ovor_t«i>pp.j | tries (0 make hlmw.1..    IIo enn nol
nnd sldo steppH  the rules of thin
IToiiho In a manner which T would not
chnrgo nn.l attempting to fasten tho dnro to do. I bollovo thoro wan n
rogponnlblllty upon nwrnbcni of my ..muter -.mount of loo way glvon on thnt
cIbm, I do ao from neconlty, for o«|occoii|on, than would usually bo the
I have staled before on many occur- «nho, hlnwi I ...-.Iova the aponlM-r wno
lon», we do not hold.the Individual\inturglna; a bit hlnwlf. I nlno, «!r.
reuiMulhW f«r conditions that »tl*t, • r->n.em.'«r the wny thnt I-Je-nnott, m
but rather, tbat the conditions around ' answer to the Premier, aald tbat hm
oa. our environment, tt largely rw- • efattments were "fal** as ful*. *-,
ponslble for the makeup, physical,
mental and moral of tbe Individual. In
taltlnir up this c«M. ? wtnt to say that
I <!a Cat do aa wtlL t_t_y lU-wll} to anyone concerned; I do not krow them at
nclll* and thn easy manner In whlrh
that was allowed to pass on a remark
from rtenne't that "That was a quota-
tUm _..>_» BUl_e»pft«r**."     | re-mem-
yet nltogothor control his emotion*,
nnd f know thnt ho looka nilBhty sick
hiRt now, nt being; mndo tho butt of
thin Hporlftl reproof. Dut, nlr, 1 wnn
«i«r»kln.. of Pernio, and 1 know that
lt la ofttlmcs said tbat tho minors nr*
n. rude, conrw> lot: thnt tlrfv tin.
like *hraMs; that thny linvo no flno
f*e1ln»r». I nsk you to (to to the
.minim, study tho life and the «n.-iron.
ment of the miners. Tho miner may
be ccmrati, hut how cooM tbey be
otherwise In such turrotindlnirs? How
wild they be exported to havo the
mnn ls to n groat extent tho croaturo
of his environment. Look nt tlio nm-
uBomonts thoHo mon got. All tho nm-
UBomcnt they enn get. outside of tholr
rude homos Is what thoy onn find In
a Hnloon, nnd thoso who know wlmt
thoso enmp snloons nro know'tho kind
of amusement which enn ho got. thoio
Tliey ml[»lit perhnpi. go to tho dnnco
hull or music hull, hut thero nt,nln tho
music Is course Hut, sir, thoso niliuirs
nro mon—ronl men, nnd thoy Imvn a
lovo for tholr family, tholr frlonds."
"noon tho minor consldor his own
safety If ono of his follows Is In dun-
Ker? No, sir. AriiIii, whon thoy
loavo lliolr homos io ro to tlio mlno,
HW tho minor, n blR, brawny fellow,
drossod lu IiIh con mo 1 runner*, nmi
fmnnnl shirt, with his food wruppc.]
In an liaiKlkorchlof, Ko.* him inlto
his wlfo In his (inns, nnd kiss hor, iih
ho prcRHOB hor to his hrcnsl; h<>o IiIiii
kiss his llttlo oiioh; nnd, sir, that
kiss Is not. 1111 lillo pnrtin.. (..nil. ll Is
tho nnturnl oxpreHslon of lovo which 11
ronl mnn hns for his own, bocnuso ho
knows full woll that ho may iidvor wo
thorn URnln; hn knows, and llw knowlodgo Is with him r-lwnj'H, that before
(in. t^iiu ih tii'leu do mny ho a ...reiliiiK
..;...'.i<,,'_i. tu-.i/x.*. V'i'u'/i .ia*, ..„i) ,i
part of ..-hat J havo k«n at J-Vinlo
and tho ftitma cxUts nnd did c\Wt nl
Hcllovue, nnd yot tlio Attorney Oeiun-ftJ
nnd tho first mlnlstor would alt ntiil
l.u.t\.   .V_  »i,\5   IVuttikllulli -   -VlllHt    .Jlrt\
my vocnhulnry Is vory limited, but I
hnvo only trlod to oxpress myself In
plain, everyday terms, but that does
not alter tho fact. And lot me any thia
—that It will bo my endeavor to show
the workers of this province how lh.li*.
ly tho Government treats this matter,
thev evidently ivirard \t nn 1. {rood
Al-Tsrsen's Compensation
Ono of the men who was killed at
tktkvue waa ono Alderson, from Hos
mer. XL C who eanjo In charge of tbe
oiyiren breathlnjr apiMrnttif..     T find
Lobor Leaders Will Voluntarily Present Themselves for Arraignment
on March 12
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Feb. 23.—■«!»-
trlct. Attornoy Charles \V, Miller ro-
eolved loloRrnmH from mnny cIUob today to tho effoct thnt most of (ho
fifty-four luhor union officials nnd mini
nosH iiRonlH Indicted In tho dynnmlto
conaplrney ciihok would como to In-
dlnniipollH for tlielr nrrnlRnment horo
on March 12 without protoat, Mr.
Miller snld only a fow of tho defon-
dautH had Indicated their Inlontlon to
fl«ht removal to Mils district, Henry
W. l^fileltlner, of Ilonver, n former
member nf tho executive hoard of tho
Itilernnllniinl Assoclntlon of IJrld(.o
and Structural Tron Workers arrived
today and wiih released on bond. In
tho thirty-two Indlctmenta ho la chnrj--
od wllh alieltliiR tho McNamaniH and
,Oi-tlo MoMiiiiIkiiI In vIolnthiR tho
I federnl law nrohlbliliiK the enrrylnrt of
dynamite nnd nllro-Rlyrorlne on paa-
aniiKor trnliiH,     Ho Is also charged
Wllh   nno^HfltH'   nf    thn   trftn    wnrVtrn'
I hendounrtoTH horo nt ono tlmo with n
I suit 011B0 "doslKned for, nnd In which
, nltro Rlyenrlno waa carried from Win.
; burgh,"   Lofttolttner, who dccllnod to
; comment on IiIh _n«o conferrod with
Fvnnk M. Itvnn. prenldent of tti«> Tron
Workers* Union nnd with counsel concerning plans ef defease.
her, sir, that Denaott Mid tha: If the finer reeling* of tho bonrgooIaeT    A
(Continued on page 41
NOMF!, Veh. 23.—lho Solomon tirer
^crby ruec for dom ttama, 65 miles
, from Nomo to th» Solomon river and
j return uvut- tht* hiu_w libit, purse ll.iW.
was won by Cbarlta J«.tn_on"a d>«a So
B boorc 47 minutes tl steonfo tiretk-
Ing all reeorda for tho course.    fr«
team ownod by Mn. C. E. rHrllndr. of
OiklAnd, CaJ, and Scotty AHen »bd
[drivea by Alku, viu ««c6t_«L   Cm. <A
■JJ. Johnson'a teamt wai third.
{weather waa Una
The ,\- j" 1 ' - "-
5 r>» '
^-rw.'ft.w^^-- .'7j/Sk^-^j?]5'       .--y-^>i^^*"^.^f^^^7y
7.1. TiLTy^^l^^S'y^SSy■■"•v-'r 1" .7". '.y :-7'y-;-;-i--?g<^*^7;7":'':
-,      >   - * ■•"-.'.       "' -•,-""/ -.    'c\   >"-'•J'-     --   . ., •" ' "' '       --   -    * - '      **!:-•
>.f*_?" 7 ipt&M:
'' ,--:i\-"f .'• *;
-A* <■.-*"''"
<. _4/V -4
To the Editor, District Ledger: -
Dear Sir and Brother*,—For sometime past I have been reading in the
various papers the opinions of men en*
, gaged in different trades and callings
In life, and likewise" the opinions of
- some men who, apparently, do, not
fieem to be engaged in any.particular
calling, except it be to call or discredit
the men who are engaged in some calling, and as I have' been reading, it
has sometimes been difficult to understand what some of ,Athe writers "are
desirous of pointing out to us, as- they
themselves do not appear to be very
clear in their minds as to what their
wants really are, but in'the confusion
created by the difference of opinions,
there appears to be gradually struggling to the surface this thought:     Is it
.. possible to be a Christian and a Socialist?
I would suggest that that would depend altogether upon how a man has
been trained or taught in relation to
tbe teachings of Jesus, and.what his
Individual conception of his teachings
really are.     In taking this liberty of
* writing to your valuable paper there
'   are. some, things which I would like to
point out to all concerned.     In the
. first place that which is called Christianity was never Intended to be what
men have foolishly sought to make It,
namely—a religion as * we understand
religion today. *   It Is very evident that
when Jesus came into the world there
was quite sufficient, probably a good
-deal too much, religion already in it,
.for after all religions are but made
lip of creeds and dogmas thought out
by the' few and imposed upon tho many
and which eventually becomes ai bur;
. den to all, and of no use to any.   But
when Jesus presented himself* before
mefc' He said "I am come that    ye
might have life."    In order to under-
*    atand that life of which Jesus spoke
• it. would be wise to do as Jesus taught
when He said: "Search ye the Scriptures, for in them, ye think ye have
eternal life and these are they which
testify to me.", -    .    ;.
Nowrin searching the .Scriptures one
cannot help but see, the tremendous
■difference between the beautiful simplicity of His teachings and the pomp
and   extravagance   of   the   so-called
Christian world 'of to-day.     Many of
„ ;the things which are considered essential to the well being of vast multl-
'tudes of our fellows are   remarkably
. conspicuous by their absence. .   Here
1 we find no hint of a gorgeous cathe-
y^i^I_wIt_nfsTtaperlng~spIres pointing"
upwards; here we find no kingly Pope
' seated upon a throne of power, ruling
■the nations with a rod of iron; here
we find no elaborately gowned or
: frocked priest; representing pontifical
dignity; here we find no.gaudily dress-
•'. ed and painted Images; no altar,ablaze
* with gold and jewels, neither can we
| find any such criminal, Institution as
j. a confessional box;,no adoration of the
]' uo-called saints; neither ls it hinted
j that we should perform pilgrimages to
J lands, cities or shrines, nor yet are
we authorized or encouraged to accept
' -either kings, emporers or presidents
■ as the visible head or protectors of the
'  church; nor yet aro wo even command-
ed or encouraged to turn over prlnco-
■ ly salaries to those who nro supposed
to bo burdened with tho care, or ovor*
• sight of tho congregations; neither aro
wo given authority to devour human
flesh n'a taught by somo professedly
, Christian Churches, nnd I certnlnly
find no trace of elthor authority or
commnnd for mon nnd womon to so-
dudo themselves from tho world by
entering Into monasteries nnd nunneries; neither enn wo find any command given by tho mnn of Nnznroth
which wo can construe Into an ordor
for men to deny themselves of fulfilling tlielr obligation to tho world by
reproducing their kind by rofrnlnlng
from marrying and creating homo ties
of tholr own. In tho Now Tcwtnmonl
Scriptures thoro Is a totnl nhsonco of
nny commnnd to cither create or oh-
serve nny form of ritual, nnd nny close
observer of tho tonehlngB of Jcuns enn-
not help but bo Impressed with tho
thought that the evident Intention of
tho Rrent (onnhcr was to nook to cronto
n communist lo common wonlth of such
n clmrnctor thnt It would eventually
destroy all class'distinctions and abol;
ish,caste from the midst of the whole
race of mankind. In His sublime
teachings He neither exalts nor abases
any man,, consequently r,. he debases
none. > But one thing he does, he
brings every man face to face with that
dignity which ought to be his by
Divine authority.
Seeing that God ' had given man
limbs'to walk Jesus g recognized that
tliere was no necessity, no reason, why
man should crawl, seeing that Hod
had supplied jnan. with the power to
move ereCt with eyes to see for himself, with brains to think for himself,
with hands.lo help himself, Christ
presents himself to man as the Divine
embodiment of all human dignity and
makes an. appeal to all that Is best
in man. and at one stroke reveals
man's glorious heritage by making
known the Divine Will in His call of
"men to divien sonship, "for as many as
received Him, to them He gave the
right to, become the Sons of God, and
if sons, then heirs and joint heirs witii
Himself who Is representative of, the
Divine dignity nnd heir to all the Divine possessions." For "I will be your
God and ye shall, be'my sons and daughters," salth the Lord. -If then the
Creator by making known His , will
through the revelation of his (man's)
sonship. and His (God's) fatherhood,
shows such a" spirit of impartiality to
all the human family, it is at once obvious that at some period the family
relations had become strained and
have remained, in that state. A case
of Jacob stealing Esau's - inheritance
and Esau continuing,to submit, all for
a mess of pottage*(foolish Esau).
Here, then, we come face to face
with the important question: "Can a
man be a Socialist and a, Chrlstain?"
"Well, seeing that Jesus has bridged
the chasm created by Jacob between
Esau and the father, it is evidently
time that Esau asserted his rights
and compelled Jacob to make a surrender of that which is neither legally
nor morally his. That is to say,'according to the law of equality and universal brotherhood, which the teachings of Jesus so clearly define.
Here at least Is the righteous ground
where Christianity and Socialism join
In one common cause. Socialists say
that all men ought to be equal, and
have an equal right to live, and enjoy
the good things of this life,.and His
teaching is In perfect accord-with the
teachings 'of the Christ.     B_ut__Jacob
hugs his plunder and, Esau hugs his
mess of pottage, and th© weight of the
plunder turn's Jacob's smile into a
groan. He realizes how difficult it is
for them that have riches to enter into
tho Kingdom ot Heaven, and the "necessity of being careful not to spill his
pottage turns Esau's scowl into a frown
and his laugh Into a growl. To the
Jacobs It makes heaven uncertain
and justlflos fth© scathing rebuke, of
tho Apostle whon die said "Go to, ye
rich men; weep and howl for the miseries which are come upon yoij." But
blessed Is ho that consldereth the poor
whom tho rich hath Bent empty
away, for they sell tho poor for a pair
of shoes and sometimes for a coal
mlno. And they once bought a poor
man off a scab for thirty plocos of
silver when thoy wanted a sacrifice,
but now when thoy want a sncrilleo
they go on the warpath for tho scalp
of a miner. Howovor, lot not tho
rich man glory, for whon the porridge
pa nls empty Esau's frown will turn to
thunder nnd his growl Into nn oarth-
(.iinko. Then Esaii will enst nway
his empty porridge pnn nnd cast his
eyes upon Jacob's, burden, nnd ronll,.o
the torriblo possibility of Jncob missing his heavenly heaven by reason of
tho weight of his earthly riches. Esau
out of ahcor sympathy (I won't say
for which ono) will stretch forth his
hnnd nnd fulfil Scripture wherein lt Is
written; "Boar yo ono another's bur-
dnns." Then Jncob may possibly
Rfowl, but ho ought certainly not to
gronn. Esau might Hinlln, ho may
possibly oven laugh, hut ho will cor-
himself on one- common level, Thny
mny ponslhly become frlenrtn, btinnuco
tnlnly ccnBo to growl whon ho finds
; he that would hnvo frlcndB miiBt. Hhow
j himself friendly.     Thon both Jncob
and Esau will be "found at'a funeral,
not of 'Isaac! . but-of old' Mr. Past. There
they will find the solution of many of
life's greatest problems, and the wilderness and the solitary place's shall be
glad.,_. And the desert shall bloom and
blossom as the rose, and the Socialism
of ^earth's' greatest Socialist, who is
called Jesus,- will be hailed with joy
and'every, man "shall be God's priest
and his' home .his temple. Love will
be his altar and obedience to the truth
shall be' his sacrifice. '   , '
-' And man" will then understand that a
Church is not bricks and morter, nor
wood and stoneybut the twos and
threes gathered together in the name
of the Christ who stands for justice,
equality, fraternity and the teaching
of the Christ will be justified as men
recognise that love must be the motive power,of their actions. When
men make this possible his own land
will be holy land, and every man; shall
worship under his own vine arid fig
tree, none daring lawfully to make
him afraid.
Unfortunately, for the social cause,
great multitudes of men seem to have
thrown aside all religious restraint
and are seeking to build up a fair
structure upon a sandy foundation-arid
throw .the blame upon the teaching of
Jesus. Undoubtedly this ls largely
due to ignorance of same, and largely
dtte to the present conditions In the
churches. ' It is but sadly top true
that In many instances Jacob, with
his plunder has Invaded the seats of
the Congregations tb the ?detrlme'nt of
Esau and his.porridge pot. . .ind the
church has offered no resistance with'
the,result that Jacob has sought to
gain Divine favor by sharing his ill^
gotten plunder with the church and occupying the chief seats, while Esau
has been" relegated to the rear,' and
the church to some extent has been
dazzled by Jacob's gift, forgetting the
warning contained in Scripture which
says: "If there comcth among you" a
man with a gold ring and rich goodly
clothes, and ye give him undue respect and(? the chief seat, and say to"
the poor with; poor" clothes, sit here
and give him-a hack seat, then'Are ye
evil Judges, for do not such men oppress you and draw you before the
judgment-seats,'is it not written, thou
shall loyeythey neighbor as' thyself?"
Under these .circumstances Esau riiay
be justified In adopting a certain* line
of-action-but should remember the
Jesus,' but in the blindness of the
Church. 'However, this is a matter
for the consideration of Esau, because
Esau's position in the church Is mixed
up in the bundle of Jacob's plunder.
This being so, it ought to open Esau's
eyes, for If the chief seats in the congregations are good for Jacob they
ought to be good for Esau. So Instead of blaming the church and severing his connection Esau ought, out of
consideration for himself and the good
of future generations, rise up In his
righteous indignation and assert his
rights, fort)there Is no doubt thnt within the borders of tho church there is a
vntft multitude of mon and women of
all trades, crafts, color and nationality
who nro keenly Interested and engaged
In'tho great social struggle, and unity
Is strength nnd tho call of tho Christ
Is broad enough to encircle and strong
enough to bind all men In ono,common brotherhood. Then it is ronson-'
nblo thnt" tho plundered outside Bhould
retrace their stops nnd return to tho
support'of tho plundered Inside and cooperate Jn compelling, Jacob to disgorge. Then thoro shall bo ono fold,
which could easily bo controlled by
one shepherd and then, whon tho ,Tn>
cobs hnvo disgorged they may bo
blessed with nn paBy conscience, and
may bo changed to Israel. But If not,
outsldo aro dogs, sorcerers and adulters and whosoever lovoth and maketh
a Ho.
And now, having endeavored to nn-
swor this question which seems to bo
oxorclslng the minds of so mnny, I
boB to renin In ono who ls n Molhodlst
by persunnlon—n Socialist from no.
cosalty, nnd n Christian by conviction.
Yours, otc.
0. Al. S.
A Nova Scotia
Mine on Fire
-.TI.__LAI.TO>., N. 8,, Fob. 21.—A,
report reached Iho city hint night Hint ■
lho Allen shafts of tho Acadia Coal!
Compnny were' on flro nnd thnt It had i
been necesnry to wall In a oonBliior-1
uutii .>_....(.,, oi mv -..mu       |(|g lire, It j
wnp rcpnrW'd. xl.j_-t_*_l ahum __ ,i'«,cx
ngo. Tho mine Is now practically
Tho mnnngement was just propar-
80CIALI8T8   8WAV    .,
RUDOLBTADT, Germany, Feb. 24.—
Tho chamber of reprosonfatlves of tha
principality of SchwaraMburg-Hudol-
•Udt yesterday elected Socialist* aa
ayeaker and deputy speaker. This is
the first German state whoae patll*.
mrat Is pmrtdod ortr by a Socialist
Tho chamber consists of 18 uoubtrt,
of whom f ire Socialists. I LIbortM
tod I Co_U4.nra.lv**.
In.' to drain off tho old Ford pit, which
hns been flat-edged slnro tho grout ov-
I.IohIoii mnny yonrn ngo,    Tho Allen
Hlinjt worklnga  two  underneath  tho
Ford, and It wns proposod to dr'vo
uiring holes into tho Inttor pit so ns
'». nm o.t t'io votter into Uiu Allo.i,
uliofu when It could be pumped ch. j
1'or thew operations a number of concrete dams for holding tho wator woro.
V.iilU, nnd It Is stated that theso tro
u«i in me M.U..011 ot .nn mum w.ik'h Is
U.Ing wnllod off.ii   Tho Acadia Cora- [
I'uny has Just finished oqulppn$. tlm
Allen shafts at a cost of upwards of
by both tho direct nnd Indirect process-
oh of nmmonliim-Biilphnto recovery.
Oouplod with this thero hns boon a
dearth of mnrkoto for nmmonluniHUl-
pltnto nnd othor products recovered In
thin country. Ilonco tho tnoorotlc nd-
vantages of by-coklng hnvo boon Inrirn.
ly ncsfttlvod by tho peculiar mnrkot
conditions heretofore existing. Ro-
contly thoso conditions havo changed
considerably, Thoro Is nn nwnkonlng
among fnrmorn ns to tho advantages of
efficient fortlllxlng, nnd tho by-product
mnrknt linn Improved mnterlnllv nil
around, Recent Improvements In
coking prnctlco hnvo also dono much
to remove the former handicaps connected with tho orBtwhllo oxtromo
npoclnllxatlon In tho conla required
and tho methods of treatment. In the
yonr 11*11 ilvo now sulphnto plants
wero berun, vie. at 8ault l_t«. Marie;
Mich.; Unaley. Ala.; Woodward, Ala.';
Ttethlchom, Tenn,, and (lrny, Ind. Tho
Gray plant la the largest In the world.
y$fiA$ay Gover0neni
'-, -(Continued from,page\3)y.,.'
Byproduct coklnfr made consider'
able pra)tr««> In the United States In
tho year 1011.    The drawback hereto*!
fore haa been the laborlouancsi and!
I additional expos** In coklot; pruilee
LONDON, Feb. 7A.-K Renter dlt-
iH.«rb from St -Vtmburg ttiya that
184  pe'aianta have been fioion to
death at Omik   and   Pctropavlovsk.
Asiatic Ruasliu
on the filie.here a letter from'Premier
Sifton to the ■Lieut.-GoverD.6r?in?,Council in -which he-says that VThei undersigned have the honor to.' report' that
one Alderson,°of' Hosmer, B." C.,:" lost
his life.whilst'attempting"rescue.worli
at Mine 87. Further .reports that, de-,
pendants of aforesaid -have nov legal
claim under the Compensation Act, He
also.has-the'honor to report that in
view bf the circumstances that the de
pendants be mad© a grant of ?500 from
the contingencies fund." "I, mention
this'letter. sir, to show that as Alder-
son's relatives live at Hosmer, outside
ot this province, they have no.legal
redress. '7*7 ., ' ■* •'
The Government's Contribution (?) To
the Bellevue Relief Fund   -
Here "again we see that men .through
the commodity'nature of their struggle
for existence do Bonie very queer
things. The keen competition for jobs
make some members of the working
class sacrifice- the lives of others, lo
secure a position for themselves. They
will do almost anything to curry favor,
to get a position. These men arc
taught by. their bosses to hold themselves aloof from the common* herd;,
that as they do not.work In the'same
manner as others, they are not of the
same class, and these men pften treat
those under them" far ,"more0hautily
than would a, real capitalist. ° Then
again, there are men.' who are only too
pleased to jump In and show heroism.
This man Alderspn,'for. Instance, allowed his.emotions to gain the mastery
over * his, will power;' he Ignored the
dangers of that' fearful enemy of the
miners—firedamp. This man who so
willingly ruBhedlnto the very jaws of
death', aye and;, stayed there,, lost his
life, and the, government hands to his
dependants a paltry $ 500. S\-
When the first minister went-to the*
coronation $7,500 had to he voted. It
was not absolutely .necessary for the
Premier to be at the coronation. However, ln the interests of trade, for .that
is what this Government represents,
it was worth ?7,f00 and yet for an
off leal" who loses his life in. the service of the Government a paltry ?500
is considered sufficient.   ,
After the .explosion at Bellevue a
relief fund was started for the benefit
of the dependants of the men who were
killed. The first minister in this caso
did not have1 the honor to report to his
honor, the,,Lieut-Governor in. Council
THIS,*?UND!" In"the estimates recently passed ,$30,000. was.provided for the
foundations tpf•; ,the new Government
House.,. The Premier said, that the
house, when finished, would probably
cost about $85,000. It Is quite possible
that the House may. cost $250,000 if it
was-estimated in (the same way as
these Parliament Buildings. I do not
begrudge tho"1 Governor a good house,
I would like to'see. him have as good
a house as I would like to have for
myself. I put a motion that the Government provide $10,000 to be sont to
the Bellevue Relief Fund. It is not
necessary to say what becamo of that
motion., Tho Government, would not
ovon give a paltry $10,000, which would
not have been $200 oach for tho dependants.
The Value of Boys In the Mines
I hay© pointed out In, many Instances
where' tho act has been violated, but
lt has also been violated ln anothor
mannor, thnt. Is byi employing boys In
tho mines, I soo by thia fllo that a boy
undor 12 years of ago was killed whilst
working In this flame mlno. Was the
monngor of that, mlno charged with
murder, or at least , with manslaughter? No; ho was moroly charged
with employing boys bolow tho ago
provided for In the act, and ho wns
fined—what do you.think? $5,0007
No, sir, for killing that boy a flno of
$20 wne Imposed. Thnt Is tho prlco
of chlldron ln tho Provlnco^of Albortn
—$20,001 Why aro boyB employed In
tbo mino? Bocnuso thoy nro cheap I Bocnuso in mnny ensos thoy enn do tho
work which otherwise would require
n man to do, If n largor profit could
not bo mado out of boys than out of
men thoy would not ho employed.
Of ton hoys are om ployed nt $1.00 per
dny, nnd thoy board with tholr mother,
nnd hoys of that ngo uauntly ont moro
thnn n mnn, and corlnlny wonr out
moro clothoR. This ,boy wns klllod
In iho Bollovuo mlno, although ho
horo nn Itnllnn nnmo, wns Cnnndlnn
born, I moroly mention this for tho
benefit of tho ultrn-pntrlotlo mombora
of thlH nssombly, Of courso, Mr Speaker, tho $1,00 por dny helps Bomo, particularly If, ns Is tho enso In many Jn-
Btnncos, tho father ls dond nnd tho
mothor hns to tnko In washing to sup.
port herself nnd fnmlly; but ovon If
tho fnthor In olive, ovory llttlo holpH,
When tho minors woro negotiating
*    * <»_.....-..<_      .W*        ...W.*       f.lvb..-
worklnr. nrreemerit It writ! ntntcd -..in.,
on tho nvcrngo tho mon worked 17
shifts por month, nnd If you take tbla
monn avorago for a yonr you will find
thnt tho vaunted high wagoa of   a
miner "hnn hi*r>r\ rr>A»f<i"t to n Trti-Mm.tm
Thoy do not got high wagos, but even
thon this company employee "b'iiyi—
that It la contrary to the statutes does
not matter, since at they pay boya
but In tho neighborhood of $1.00 por
day when tboy work It ii cheaper to
employ boya than men. In fact, It
la a very profitable bualneii for that
company, etpcclslly no, as If one or
two cot killed why the court* bf Al*
berta only charge them $20.W,i»er
head and costs, and as t-M. court Is
only 3 miles from tho mine why the
costs are not very much.    Aialn, as
• . * • .- ,*' i-i.. ■ ,;■ - . <•- v
a rule th© boys perform their, services
faithfully, wbtch. again, makes "them
doubly profitable. "■ Men ^are. cheap in
this age, much cheaper than safety Appliances, but the boys •;are 8tlli?cbeia_)-
er. :. 7 "'; "'.7? '..',*■ y.y- .
1     ■  .- .,      . ••  "-"•_., ■.
Undesirable. Union Men    7 ,;.
I would like'to pointout,-sir,; thatiin
many cases the,union cannot"control
the men. The union"t men;, are 'not
loved by the management,' and' many
men soinetimes: because |:hey(-are af-'
raid of losing'their jobs', and, others
because hey are trying to become favorites of the management,."and,; so
secure an official- position, buck ag:
alnst the union rules ■ whenever they
have an opportunity. , However., the
union appears to have taken."*a'.firm-
stand.on this occasion. "When men
go into a mine and find, gas and come
out again they are not desirabie7em-
ployees, and they soon get the order
of the boot.   "7 . \.  '
Discrimination .,'       7
I have met many "men from that district (Bellevue) who have been;black
Hsted, and the. union, has had to pay
railway fare for many, men to'-go,, to
som© .other* district after having-a
six months' strike. .
The men were not "able to force' a
clause In the agreement that, every
man Bhould be put back to work, and
the result was, .as I have said, that
hundreds were blacklisted., - , . ,".',''
- The fir© boss that,had the courage
to report whon,the inquest was being
held at Bellevue,. who was th© only
person who could, explain the plans",1
for • although Jthe management -* and
Heathcote said the plans were up-to-
date, neither one could explain them.
These blue.prints were not only,not
up-to-date, but they were grossly Incorrect as well ,a'nd further did not
show any ventilation as demanded by
the' act. This fir© boss, John Ollpharit,
showed lri his evidence that the plans
were incorrect, contary rto the wishes
of the -company, and for having the
temerity to do that he has not got, a
day's work since in the Crow's Nest
Pass.' .This because he was trying to
enforce the act which had been framed by this.Government. . What assistance has the Government given this
man or "his family for trying to enforce
the law?-: ,' ,,'   -' ""*, ' "_■ "?
Government Probing
- .....   -,*.",   -.      »    ^ .'---,,
_ On© would naturally thlnlc that if
the Attorney-General was anxious that
the-matter should.be probed to the
bottom to'find butJf^anyone was to
blame for this disaster,*and If.there
was to punish them,'they .would.have
got a report from, both the-inspector
ahd from' the solicitor. * The' Attorney-General has certainly failed In his
duty, and the first minister, Is equally
to"blame.' The Premier Informs this
House that the Government employed
a' solicitor1 to assist In thlB Investigation which occurred over a year ago,
and calmly tells us in the Bam© breath
that they have had no report. „ Mr.
Speaker, the Premier and th© Attorney-General by this admission have
signified that they are satisfied that
thero should ho no report, and consequently they ncqulose ln the slaughter
of theso thlrty-ono unfortunate men.
Now, sir, as for Elijah- Heathcote,
John Sterling, Anderijon, and Emerson
thoy know,what thoy were doing; thoy.
never tried to protect the lives of tho
miners, and they know'that they are
sufficiently guilty to,bo liable to be
committed for manslaughter,
After summing-up tho proof ho had
submitted for tho consideration of tho
Hoiiso, O'Brien concluded as follows: ,
I havo finished, and as n Inst word I
want to say that if ln dealing with this
oaao I do'no moro than to bring tho
attention of tho Government to somo
Information which thoy did not havo
providing that lt has tho effect of Inducing tho Government to watch moro
closoly, tho operation of thb coni mining- Industry, with n vlow to reducing
tho rlBk of Iobij of llfo or limb to n
minimum, I shnll havo dono nt loast
something for tho boneflt of thoso
whom I hnvo tho honor nnd prlvllo_r-o
to rcprosont,
Sink Man Goes to Hospital and Makes
Pitiful Plea for Aald
Pin.-ADRLPM-A, Fob 20. — John
McCarthy, a mlddlengod man, pleaded
with resident physicians of tho Porin-
nylvnnln Hospital to buy his body nftor,
donth for nnntomlcnl experiments.
Ho told tho physlclnna thnt ho was
without funds, hnd no homo nnd was
In poor health, Ho wnntod monoy to
buy food and clothing. "You can put
n tag on mo If you wnnt to" soo my
body will como bnck,"   ho   declared
plondlnHv "Vm n«t(in •mM*) ?*A X
mioas I won't, llvo low., an It won't hn
long until you got tlm body."
Tho hospital physicians said tho
Ponnslyvnnla Hospital waa no longer
dissecting bodies, but tho doctors, or-
derllen nnd wirm.* mud* nn a nnr»e
for him. Then thoy took him to the
kitchen and tod him and save him
Tbe Liberal party, which haa been
In power for SO years, under Mr. Dal-
lose*, blr Htchard Beddon, and Sir
Joaeph Ward, baa loat Its majority,
for tbe tilt House is composed of 17
Ltborata, 17 Conservatives, 3 Labor
membert, 1 Boclallst, and 1 Indepen-
" --.»,-
ft:. *. "*■ -
j *i
f   *V-
.'* -'(
-  i ,-
\ '< y
'    V
.  ' ,
V «
,-F-NoWlie^ is the power of Ridgways
,,.,   ._.    ' organizationabetter shown^than in^the
:AWeJrc.ed\   production of a tea of sucK extraordi-
Cold;MeJdal , nary quality at so low a price., rtxy a
LONDON 191lj 7 package ancUee how supenor it is in
,    ~T.—-,, fliavortoteassoldatmuchhigherprices.
V-    y'V 7 7. yS^^in_ur-^ht,dust-proofpac_kages.
; 50c? per Pound   y   y
Other Ridgways Specialties
•HerMsje-tyVBlend1'  $i.OO?p_-lb.
•5O'Clock*  ;.   "' ,',60c     ".
•CapU-lHou-ehold*"1..'.',40c.' ■•£
May Ndzo.be Jlddin Town
' .-;* n
. at Ilest S/tops.
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L, Prciidknt '
CAPITAL; - $10,0(X).QbO ?RESIV-   $8,000,000:
Every branch of The Canadian Bank ef Commerce'Is equipped to issue draft* en
, the 'principal cities ia the foUovia* ooaatrise wtUmit delay t
..'.-Africa,,   y,v   CnM     .,'.-      Grant ,    s W— Tinlni.
Arabia Cob*
AifmtiM RapaMic D_ml
,' Australia   ,,  -?     Kgypt
At-ttria-Haafaiy .FaraaL
.  7' Bdr'wa   '. -      ",n_Ja__l
Braatl  ■ - ' ParaM.
._  Bultarfa     .'    -   Vnata--.      -.-'..lata..
CavU. ;.   -£*h<M_faClfe1b_ea
China' >.  ■   *■ , ,' Gnat _H_____ „
The amoral of these drafts ia stated ia tbe
able t that' is ther are drain. i__ oteriiaf,
tad*, rouble*, eteYaa the caaa'awy be.
recoivethea^-teal~ "' '
1' lira* "kronen.' flofke,'* yen,
that the payee abroad vS
L. A. 8?, DAC K, Manager.
.. ,.1. ...'   : 1 ,
, --,    ^,-     „• ,- ,.*
Capital Paid Up  .$ 2,87.0,000
Res. and.Undlvld'd Profits ,3,500,000.-
Total  Assets       44,000,000"
Many a fortune can be traced-back,
to the day sl"ts0bwnert deposited the'
first dollar In a Saving Account.- ?<* -■>.
The' one.dollar affords7an Incentive to deposit more—and, as7 inter-,
est ;l8, added- to:principal,- the email .
~suiaygrows  morT'and more' rapidly
,,until It finally becomes a competence.
.   .One Dollar will  start an account
with the - Bank of Hamilton.        -
J.;R. SLOAN , ,  Afleht, Fernie.
.. ..ir....'-.! ■.
Head,.Off Ice:
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund ,"...
,6,000,000   '   Capital  Paid  Up  .....   6,996,900
.   5,996,900       Total Assets ........     72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT J AFFRAY, Vlce-Pres,
Arrowhead,- Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
Revelstoke,'Vancouver and Victoria.
Intereat allowed on deposlta at current rate'from date of deposit.
:.;. -.■"-  \s„,*,  i ,,\i
- •. y,     ■   ,• *• - t-       vi    i. , i t ,     |  ,       i |,
Dare You l^ctyyy?
,    _BB__aaH__antaMa_B^M^_i_Maii^^B_iaaiaMaaiaiiiaai>BMaaawHH^'
StetuMola nide by patients taking lho New Method Treatment,  They how it Cures
t3f Ne Namat er Taillmonitli tuad vrlthent vrltt«n coutat
ratl_nt No, 18474. "The i-poti or* nil
. sono from my lorn and armi and I fool
fond now. I am vory bmIo.u! to you
and nlmll ntvor forsot tho favor your
modlolnea havo dono for me, Tou oan
u»_ my nam* In rooommondlns It to
any aulToror, I am solng. to sot mar.
rlcd soon. Thanking you onco moro,
rafl.nt Ko. null. A*« 2i. fllnslo.
Indulged In Immoral halt* 4 ytari, l...
poilt In urlno nnd dralni at nlsht,
vnrlcoia Volm on both ulil-i, ptlna In
hook, weak loxuolly, Ho wrllcit—"I
rdc-lv-d your letter of recent data ami
In reply J am plemed to auy that after
taking two monthi' treatmont I would
oonelder myeelf aompletoly cured, n« I
hnvo i«an no eigne of them coming
baok (on. year).
ratlent Ko. 1SDIS. "I have not had
A regular -.million I don't know when
and am feeling fine, Tht world ■eomi
Kltogether different to ma and I thank
Ood tor directing me to you, Tou bave
been an boneit doctor with me."
Cn»e No, .MM. Symptomt when ha
ttartod trentmenti—Ago it, ilngle, ln>
dulged In Immoral habiti several yean,
Varleoio Velni on both ildei—plmpUi
on the face, etc After two monthi*
treatment ho wrltei ai follow,-—"Your
woluumu letter to hand and am v.ry
Klad to lay that I think myiolt oured,
My Vorlcmo Vein* have complotoly dli«
appeared for qulto a whila nnd It rifmi
a euro. I work li.rkr nnd fool tr-ia
tired, I hnvo no deitro for that habit
whatever and It I Hay like thli, wliluh
I have every reaion to betlevo I will.
Thanking you for your kind attention,"
Patient No, IM.*. Thli patient (aged
Gl) had a chronic eiia of Nervoue !>«•
Illty and Bomml Waakntw and wae run
down In vigor and vitality, After ana
mnnth'e treatment hn report! ai foi*
lowit—-"I am fooling very well, I hi-ve
gained 1( pound! In one month, so that
1 will have to aonnrntulate you," Later
report:—"I am beginning to feet mora
llko a man. I fuel my condition la
getting better every week." Ilia lilt report i—"Doer Ooclori—ai I feel (hit li
the UH mnnth'e tr«*tn..n. that I wilt
have to gel, t thought at nn* time I
would never be cured but I put con*
lldence In you from the itsrt and you
linve cured me."
"**CONstlR!AlnON FREE.  BOOKS FREE. If tmafcU to call writ* far
4>_u_*. I*. |M«« li*Alm**U
1 a OnaitlMt
»M/fS"f"I_r*f? AniM»«wfr«nr»T(i«^i>-m«At',.n JWratrfl Ir, t>ur Can-
2£mUitt^ ONT. !
L. '     ■     " '*•      ■ "   ■    f.i'n. iir-t'.r.n'.'r. '.-■.'   1 n<i   *n V   "™ttuA
PmLAr.KI.PUIA, Fnb, a.-Corn-
mltteca r«pNMBtii_s the) .oeomotlvs.
endAMra «n.p)oy<>d by tb» Pftnosylvsj'
nta and lUading railroads callad oa
tb« otlldati of Umhm. roada todaf to
receive ibe answer of U»« companlaa
to th« de_»tad» wWeb wn pwltBtad
to *n Um ntllrMl* «aat of Cl_l««cr.
and north of tho Norfolk and .Western
railway,/ Portr-nlne raliroads aw In*
volvad ind If, the detaands aft granted officials say U will mean an In*
eraaao of $10,(KM>,000 laeraaa* ._.•«.
iunmm^r^ir/A P*vy¥^^
L-.,t. ■•"    >'-',.--"'.''■  -" .''-'-'-v.^^.-V'J'.-J'-,-'*''■■','*• ";'"-.-'-     -      '""'.'■' 7-V*,T? .'V. - J >:' '""••>', '""-  ' *S-:.-v/i->j" ■ 7'!    "
3f * .
! a*?
yyTHE DISTRICT; LEDGER;: FERNIEy :" B,. 0./ MARCH 2, 1912.
■-.'*•■" -.
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-.The'"very' substaiiiaR gains' secured
•:by.-.the; workers, directly "cohce'rne'u
"are^notj. likely to ibe the* oniy-i results
"of .the.lndustrfal.u'nrest aiid the labor'
upheavals, y-Already we have seen* a.
.revival of trado unionism.among tbe
semi-skilled 'workmen,'- which, as" ou-
y*the« previous . occasion,twenty ywars
y ?ago>.is haying a vivifying -effect ron
• ,"'   the older-unions.of 'skilled workmen..
Arising ,out'of this'we, haye' an In-'
:.„     -creased interest in the whole question
of Industrial'organization, .which,.If
■ ;*, rightly used may-lead ,to,the':most
- .valuable,and permanent results of the
". ?y recent movement.7- ' '"•*..;",' :
•?'"'" 7'It,was to be'expected that chambers
of - commerce and ?empl6yers'' assocla-
* '■■*  tioh_t~_an'di their mouthpieces ,.ln- the,
.... _ .press of the country,-would-seize tlie
vy opportunity tb call for'thVrepeaf of
*^'\'the Trade7Disputes:Act, and "to pgint'
<'\-.iilurid- pictures ' of'-1 the", devastation
' 'y* bound to; overtake the country It the
,"  .trade unions are not properly curbed.
It is the old spirit breaking out ln the
-y ,1, old familiar phases without even the
(i "•- excuse; of a newy text, yThe  railway
, >, strike has .provided some people'with
' an "opportunity of, discussing the .right
.    ,.to ^H*6* while others have exercised
7yy ;'their; ingenuity devising new. machln-
y-,ery7'to obviate the necessity7pf the
_ r, resort to that "right ;?,"'•':' S Vy .yy:
* -.y Prominent "politicians,:as/.'la-their
-.- >\-wont, have" stepped Into,the" limelight
'-■. y.to, ■Sive.their'yiews'and*t6: demonstrate
,v7?o_.ce again how* Ignorant'they can be
'7 of industrial matters.'y.T_ie- govern-
6 y, ment,--anxious not-to"miss the oppor-'
.tunlty^for a.little useful advertisement,
■,,.» hns erected,'an "Imposing Industrial
;.Commission--whlch/i without' defntle
.'.-..purpose and devold'of-power, will yet,
y itis...hopedi achleve7some .undefined
. 77ei_d_ ,..":*;.'""''''■''   '"'■•'?     ,. ..---',..».
-1- *- -*. ^ ■-  -.
t*.7All\.these."'discussions and projects
7. v.haYe gone,forward without-the' aid
; ; ..Sot, the parties .most - interested, -i'it'ls
7 ^-K^nte'we'h'ad^a,trade;union congress,
>'- l-'-^.y^yet; the'schools of.the.-conflict
., '.'were loud and "clear, but tt Is too busy
7niakiiig speeches.at banquets *or mak-
7lng,an exhibition of.Itself over "secu-
y^irredii^ri^^^^^Fmore thampass
." "7 the'usual' ' Inept 7-resolution'.'.? Since
^   ,y„then we have-ha'd*manlfestoes."from
.- 7- various   sources,   which - repeat   the
-',.•"** ancient appeals for amalgamation"and
" -TVtalk vaguely "aboutc,""brgahl"-!'ation'.'by
-'. <* Industry," but of any ordered effort to
7, arrive at an understanding7of-yhe
- ;: 7 Present 'position , of , trade 'unionism,
or discussion ot the changes-necessary
"-.,' "In structureof organization, wb-have
■ ,'"   so far,- little evidence.;   Yel,   if *' any
'. ' workls necessary today It ls just this
work. Thb recent accession of strength'
and "the.awakened Interest." in . tho
trado union .movement make' It absolu*
ytely necessary   we   should arrive nt
*' somo understanding as to how wo are
to'conserve .this strength and retain
tho intorest, In our movement.
There are ono or two considerations
.' arising out of thb strlko movement to
. which, attention should bo given.  Tho
'remarkable   successes   of; this year
have, brought the strike back into gonoral favor-with tho workors,. whllo the
spontaneous sympathotto strikes havo
•  como upon tho workers with' tho force
of arevelatlbn^of the new,.pbwe_ythey
havo'lylng^at their-hands.-. \.Today the
talk ls.all of blgiunIons;,f-gh*tin'g'-great
battles.;. "There'1 must ^be^nt-y.more
sectional strikes." we'are' told "on every
hfend. ,i"amnot,now-referring-to the
propaganda-; of industrial -* unionism or
syndicalism.\ 'Its phases have become
more'moutlv-filling, - ,'And" its "threats
more terrible,'but;Its! meaning,Is no?
clearer .or Its power any greater than*
It ever?.has been.' --It»ls'the ordinary
trade unionist who'ls seized; with this
idea? and who: talks. In vague .aiid
hopeful phrases of amalgamation and
federation. .' One may'he glad to see
a better appreciation'of the srlke as
a*weapon* ln the armory, of'the' workers, while apprehensive of'the reaction
in, Us favor,.becoming , tbo. extreme',-
just asf'one may'see'the difficulties In
the way of .amalgamation, -while welcoming' -thef.splrit-'whlch 'makes - the
workers,keen»to draw the bonds of
unity, closer than ever. I, am firmly
convinced that it Is only as,we frankly face the?,limltatIons of - the''strike
method; .and clearly understand the
difficulties in the way of amalgamation'
that-we Wall, he'able.totake full ad-,
vantage of this* revival and ."prevent
It from-wasting itself Injuseles's.fighting or from, growing, weary .trying, to
accomplish Impossibilities. 7   7 ;-   .•
**"''*■       •      .-• ..'" : -- * *7. ; •-• -
.The question.seems a very, simple
one in the light of bur experience during tills year, but it would be disastrous
to found toomuph on what has happened recently."" The successful strikes
ivere? confined ,to. practically' one type
of industry and to one class bf workmen. The sailors,'dockers, - carters,
railwaymen, and those associated,.witti
them, are all engaged.in the transport
industryy For lack,of a better name
let fee call it one of'the primary Industries'Inasmuch as* it is'fundamental
to .all our. industry,and to;our. social
life."*A stoppage, even 'for ;' a 'short
perlbd^even 'in- one ■ -large.>branch
makes: itself s felt' all over'the,-country
"and in every .department of social life.-
The'^ same", may be., said, of. Jour' coal
mlnltinR-nYI-l if .nrn___i_iif-1_l_-_--_a_t__-LJl _._..__._
 . .-....,. .^ ^.Ttij-^.uuiu-nuasiii't-Turwui''"
flclently centralized and organized, the
same-would be true]of che retalfdlstri-
butlon of bur food supplies.'1 In" these
Industries the strikers still a powerful
weapon,* if used with suddenness/during a time of good trade,' over-*a sufficiently large area, and for an' end
which,Is Buro of the support of public
opinion. AU these condition's were fulfilled-to a greater or less, degree-this
year and the result Iwas eminently satisfactory. Tho question'remains, however, whether we can produce' those,
conditions , by organization and foresight? Times of good trado are not of
our making, although wo may he able
to organize and ,walt for them, difficult
nB'that Is, but,what means are wo to
adopt to secure swiftness of action and
a united front over wide areas?   *' *
Paradoxical as1 It may, Beom, tho
very; lack of organization nBBlsted in
securing thoso things-UiIb yoar, Men
who a,week previously wore refusing
to join a trado union wero found on
strlko demanding recognition of their
union!     Men woro movod In masses
and acted suddenly "in ,5 mobs." - .They,
did not wait to. reason")but?acted'on
the impuls*.. , iC-was We.'day of the
mob orator and he was all .powerful.
The whole thing ^was, unforeseen,'-un-,
organized, 'and ' practically .-uncontrolled. ' It was not 'a' ^movement so
much as the breaking but of pent-up
forces.' , The chances'of a similar outbreak will be'lessened'*rather than'in?
Incteased-by oVganizatidn.y.The trade
uni'cn in; Britain is-nothing, If "it-is
not democratic.. Its objection to executive 'coiittol. nndi- central author'ty,
healthy ln Its origin, 'constantly ,tenisi
tb become"a source o' weakness.,0 I'
robs the officers' of ctnfidence ; ind
makcs'thi'ni Ineffective'"in'the face of
ilie employers they jreei, whb?ha\v no
fear of-tho vole of censure from :*.h».lr
■_ous.i.uents. As oignn's-ation develops
amongst those workers -'In .the- transport industries and .in', others semi-,
skilled-industries, they.will insist on
being consulted before action Is taken
and it will be .more and,more difficult
for.'them to.be carried■ away in,a fine
frenzy of enthuslasm-to help their, fel-.
lows when on strike.' They will want
to consider ways and'means, to have
consultations'with organizations' -intending- to" strike before"action is, tak.
en, and-all these'consultations and
the, difficulties of accommodating conflicting interests will make" swiftness
of action very difficult.-
' We 'must 'not' fdrgetytoo,'that while
the-ability tb strike suddenly^ is of
great advantage to the workers during "times- of - good 'trade, * the power
of the employer to act1 quickly in his
own interest.,, during'.times" of- b_.d
trade'is'dangerous.?-'to -the worker.
The tendency in" every organization is
to secure*a standard of working con-
ditions and to make* any alteration-
of that "standard," a matter, of formal
notice affixed peViods..,' This has its
disadvantages during periods of boom,
but" its advantage'""during the time of
bad trade-has'been .'well proved by'all
classes'of - workmen.* , .,     • •,
-   . "   -..   - -c       •-,<*< ..      -   *
,But if. we leave, these workers in'the
be few amongst the workers who will
advocate- that;'the1 strike ought.'to.be
abandoned wholly, but as a weapon for'
frequent or ordinary use it is "too
dangerous.'*:»-,■;';   ..'-    ,  ,, .'. y
There -will ^come...times when" the
workers will be, compelled to fight for
principles they ■ cannot jeopardize in'
any other way?'1 'Pall they may, but
better they should fall, and keep the
fight going, than lose" their rights'by
edict of arbitrator "or otherwise, 'For
use in the ultimate resort'in desperate
conditions the strike must be retained;'
but for everyday work other tools have
been forged.' ' Collective bargaining is
carried on between tlie workmen's' and
the em ployers' organizations, these
bargains being'embodied in an agree!
ment which It is sought to enforce-
over the* whole industry/ -:At first
.these bargains applied mainly to questions'of hours and wages,' but now.
we find them   extending   to   include
with; the conciliation hoards *,until -the
;strikeyof.th.s" year.- -During all this
tlnie no effort was made to arrive at
a'ny*,,understanding of the'defects of
the boards or the "methods bf their'r-e-
forni.7 ..The result was that' the"; r_.il.
waymen's witnesses were hopelessly
divided before the commission, ' and
no clear case-was. presented'for' tho
men'.' ,- ..'if tbey had had behlijd them
the experience of other workers "with
conciliation/boardsyand had worked
out the* application of.the successful
boards.to' the railways, a good case
for real: recognition' of the railway
unions could have been put up.
"..Much' the.'same difficulties He .>«<
fore us in, dealing with the question
of '. amalgamation' and' federation.
Resolutions'may mark the-growth.of
opinion, but opinions that are merely
pious have nov«?£feot as driving forces.
There is a danger that we may< spoil
our opportunity by the assumption
that amalgamation is easy and always
desirable! .If we. are looking merely
to the creation of nn organization for
strike purposes then ,the larger It is
the'better. But, for the reasons! have
given above, it can   never   be   more
Judge Gary, Steel Trust Head, Warns
Rich  of Coming  Storm—Sees   ''
Condition   of, the   Masses?,''
-Becoming Unbearable
many questions of management ^ and  than"a temporary"organization during'
workshop organization.,' calculated  to
make the old employer, nurtured in organization ot the workers which is
primary"-industries"arid consider, the
strike as ,'a' weapon, in,.the' hands of
what I shall call \he* secondary . in-,
dustries, we.are,met with different conditions. In * such .Industries^ as 'the'
building, engineering,\ shipbuilding,
textile, pottery, printing, and so on,
the effect of a stoppage of work is not
so great., . The workers dire-.tly affected suffer just as much as Individual
employers may,,.be endangered, but,
due to the localization of the Industry,
Society does not Buffer, and .the Industry as a whole may be the better
for a stoppage.. ■ In thb cotton trade
a strike, wo are told, ls sometimes welcomed by tho employers; In the engineering we have tried tho effect of-
a national lockout; whllo tho recent
caso of the bollermakers ls an indication thnt tho employers may rather
faco_ a general stoppage than n series
of minor Boctlonnl alrlkos. It'Is never
safe to dogmatize on thoso things, but
tho' man who can, with equanimity, advocate tho strike In tho secondary Industries Ib olt'hor glftod with great
faith 'or deep ignorance.    Tliere   will
the   doetrimes' 'of    commercialism,
known as the Manchester school, grow
apoplectic with rage.    '      .-,
■ --   ■      -     ,,->.-.-.' -      ,,  ',
--vHere,- then,' we have, two well-
marked .tendencies in the .trade
union movement of today. '.There- is
the i-ecrudescens'e of the strike and the
growth" bf .the method of agreement'
The* "problem is how to reconcile these
opposing,, tendencies inside the same
organization, to arrive- at an understanding of. the^ respectivei merits and
demerits of7 each.-      ,',,.. ■  .-
So far the trade union ^ movement
shows little sign of arriving at' any
conclusion. ,-,That any final decision4
can be arrived at.I very much doubt.
In the trade ^nlo'n movement finality
is. to be deprecated?. Its value will persist, only .-as it.responds to every ..„.„„ „fll
change In industry, and adapts itself ^VS^iiSSi
to the .growing.needs of the changing caners" carmen
years. 'Thatis'no reason, however,"
why we,-should pass through times
such as we.*did. during the boiler
makers' .lock-but. "When we had all
agreements, being derided and even
trade unionism" itself being despised.
Today, * we 'are,1, at . another extreme,
with the strike being urged as the only
method of' salvation. What I would,
suggest,is1-that,-.the trade union''congress would '-pass a ' self-denying ordinance fbr'a time, and eschewing re-;
solutions',and-banquets, set' itself "to
find out what different forms of agreement ""exist,'?? to ' -discuss the'merits.bf,
-tu.iuuo -j-uiu__>-uuu~iju1i.." out,-me-aan="
geroiis-element" In others. Even if it'
did" nothing ."else but make a collection of the various agreements and
present them in a form in which'the.
trade union movement could make
comparison,' ir woiild be fulfilling ' a
function bf -real value • to the movement it represents and would remove
the reproach one hears on every side
If It could be Induced to go further
and deal with all the problems facing
the trndo unions perhaps as tho International Socfallst congress deals
with different questions, tho Impending "sen. once of death-would not bo
delivered, but a new era of .usefulness
opened out to It. -    -
A good Illustration of what I mean
coimcb to hnnd in the report of the'
"flnllway Commission, Tho agreement
signed four years ago, under which
conciliation boards wore sot up for
the railway, wns . universally condemned by trndo unionists! . Tho reasons glvon for opposition, however,,
woro many nnd conflicting. For four
yoars tho railway workors went   on
\i -
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good times. If we desire a permanent
to attend to all tholr Interests and retain its influence ' during the times
when it would be suicidal to strike,
we must have an organization capable
of dealing with their trade interest. • It,
Is the fact that' tho' worker . can depend on. his organization to defend
him during times of, bad trade, when
conditions are most' irksome, that-
keeps   the   organization    alive   and
makes It''powerful.'
f- ■' - i    * '• '
While   - amalgamating   overlapping
organizations', therefore, we should.be
careful not to'make the organization
so general as to'remove the sense of
clpse"and intimate""touch with" the
worker at every point of/his working
life," In the' semi-skilled" trades the
problem is simple,' One organization
can"do for all dockers,' another' for
all sailors, and firemen, another for
and so on. "When we
come; to' the railways the problem Is
not"* so simple. ,_The differing grades
and sometimes .conflicting interests
make 'the .question of amalgamation
more .complex;' iri the?ship'yards the
difficulty"'is even, greater. Of course
one may take-the-easy way of evad-'
ing.the, problem, and talking largely
about,.modern-"industry having abolished craft distinction, ride roughshod
over all differences and promise a
union which" will Include the workers
of .the" worldh" There Is just enough-
truth .inn the' superficial generalization
about the abolition of craft to. make it
trade union* movement-goes clearly'to
show that --eveny among the' .semiskilled .workers *the differences must
not be Ignored.."'.y       '   . • " *
Then there-is? the difficulty of getting, organization^, many of -which
have: a; longhand honorable career,
to sink their Identity In a common'-or-
ganizatlbn. j There are intricate financial questions to settle and personal
question*", to*, be settled. Too often
these " personal difficulties ~ are put
down to' the objection of permanent
officials to amalgamation because of
tho' loss; It may mean to' them personally. 7 It,'Is art element In the matter but not, tho only one. Tliere Is a
lot of human naturo in n trade union,
and It. cannot bo removed by a resolution. Hero ngnln It Is n matter of
Inyostlgatlon and dlBcussIon. There Is
enough cxperlenco'* behind tho trade
union movomont to enable It to be
guided, iii, tho stops It. Iins to take.
Tho Invaluable' work of Mr nnd Mrs,
Sidney \Vebb Is too llttlo known to
the trade unionist, but ovon It would
bo enriched by the collocted experience of the trndo unions of today.- A
real congTCBs dealing with thoBO mat-
tors would do moro to donr tho,Issues
as to amalgamation or federation than
all tho well-monnlng manifestoes or
enthusiastic doraonstratlons.
projects of sorlouB imponanco to
tho trado unions aro at prosont holiift
discussed. Apnrt from tlio permanent danger of employers'" associations
and tholr nlHco In thoir nttompts
to crlppb tho activities of tlio
unions, tlio propoHalB for 'Slate
Insiiriuice, Induslrlnl conciliation, arbitration, etc., oimlit to bo seriously
considered. So fur as tho first Is con*
corned we havo lind nothing but tho
usunl Tosolutlonfl. In regard to con*
dilation wo havo tlio usual conflicting
attitudes. Mr, CrookR, supported by a
number of labor iiiombors, Intradural,
a bill which Is donounced by tho
Trado Union Congrofls nnd by tlio
flciiornl Kodorntlon of Trndo Unions.
Thon tho Kovonnnont erects a commission on which wo find trndo unionists
In tholr Individual capacity, while
other .rude unionists condemn tho
wholo proposal. It Is unlikely we
shall over havo unanimity In the labor movomont, nnd It Is nov doslrnblo
w«. aliould havo, liut thero aro certain
questions of prlnclplo upon which we
must ,iavo somo mensuro of ngroo*
It U corlaln wo shall have more effort*. dlr*. .«4 in Ihe Mare to fatal*.
Ilslilng machinery for dcullnf. with
disputes. Wlmt allltudo >s the trade
•U..1U.I ..i_i.<.i.4i.n_ to Htlorit townrfl
such proposals? fo it to stand aside
and allow othors to mako experiments
which wny Ignore the trndo unions,
experiments which may weaken
t.ielr power and Influcnco and leave
nof-iln* tn fair., fhofr placo nn th*
workers advocato. Then, attain, we
ha™ to rfln*M<.r tbe attitude the
mfo unionists (o adopt toward tbe
Rtate. We rannol conduct a propaganda which has for lis ettif Inciyased
State control ot Industry andetpt-et
a. th* mb* Mat tut u,e tUuced
t pure food champion, sociologist 'and ec members'of
3__0U0mist,^_iJT*i_nrt^^rf7_l,«m«„«-__(i.-ill i ;^ t.
—<——      —     r"'^"""cr,;'^t"i*,'-,'0_i_cers7-Tr'r.
*• With Judge Gary of .the Steel Trust
warning his'wealthy assoplates that if
they do not- reform they will "be reformed by the mob," and President
Taft asserting'that "political emotionalists would hurry us into a French
revolution," the remedy for unrest suggested by Right Rev. D. D. Williams;
Episcopal Bishop of Michigan, was
widely discussed. Tho bishop told the
Women's Henry George. League that
it was not drunkenness that led, to
poverty, but"poverty to drunkenness.   •
\ "Justice and righteousness .cannot
prevail," he said,' "so long-as wo have
peoplo enjoying wealth they did not
earn and tolling not. Put them to
work for the benefit of mankind. It
Is getting to the point where the people realize that, a Bocial conscience
Is needed aiid a.general awakening'Is
coming." 1 '      .   ■',      .
Gary   Did   Not   Intend   Remarks for
'    Public
>. '
• Judge-E.'jyGary, chairman of the
Steel Corporation recently said that his
speech before tre Lehigh Club on. impending mob-rule was" intended only
for the ears of( his fellow capitalists
who attended the meeting at the Waldorf. ," *".,*•>.
"My remarks,'.' said Gary, "were not
supposed to be itiade public, I supposed I was talking,only'to members
of the Lehigh Club," most of them capitalists. ' And nothing about the' meeting'was intended'to reach the newspapers. It seems, however, that some
reporters \v«re. in' the next- room and
heard every word that wassaid."7
It"was ip this speech that Gary said:
"Unless capitalists themselves take
a^ leading part in trying.,to improve'
the conditions of humanity great'
changes will comer arid.'tliey will come
mighty quickly, and the mob will bring
them." ', .'.-*-■
Gray's "Argument   Sound,   Dr.   Wiley
*_  ' * Believes .   ■
'I thoroughly agree with' Judge Gary
of' the Steel Corporation ' that unless
something'ls done to-alleviate present
plan is not' l>> mob violence to redistribute wealth, but .byeducatlon io
bring about ;ia state' of, mind which
shall hereafter forbid the accumnla-
tion of wealth through illegitimate'
means and provide forever to this ■»»- "
tlon its fundamental principles of Jib-
erty, justice and equal opportunity for
! all."        .    --" .     * '
According to the last reports, the
strength of Socialism throughout the ,
world    is    about as follows, though
every recurring election sees it aug-;
mented. ■       '       ,    o -.
Germany leads with 4,238.910 votes, "
110 'members ot the Reichstag, 2.P00
minor offices and 158 journals. A proporty qualification keeps the Socialists from their proportional representation; with the votes cast, they ought
to completely dominate Germany.
■Fra&ce Is second with 1,120,000 rotes, 76 representatives In congress,
2,769 minor officers and 70 journals.
Austria has 1,041,368 votes, 87 representatives in the legislative body,
526 minor officers, and 56 journals.
•The 1910 electlonSlaced the United
States fourth ln Socialist strength In ^
the world.     It has 604,756 votes, pne
member of congress, 20    representatives in four legislatures and about?7fl50'
minor officers. -   It also has oyer .1*00 '
papers, Including four dailies and .the
Appeal to Reason with the largest circulation of any political paper in the
world.    However, because the population of.the United States'exceeds that '"
of other lands, the ratio of, the. Socialist strength hero is" not so great as' In ;' *
various other nations.  - - '
- Belgium has 469,094 votes, 37 members of the legislative body, 741 minor ,
officers,and 56 journals.     .'".,-
^Australia has 447,651 votes,,50 minor officers and 3 journals. ■ ' .
.Great  Britain ,polls   421,270   votes,
has* 41  members  of parliament, -845  ■
minor officers and 12 journals'.  .    -
Finland polls 330,000 votes, has .80 •
members of the legislative bodies, 81 "
minor officers and 19 journals.*- '
, Italy   has   320,000  votes, "42 'mem-   •
bers of the legislative body, 1,000 minor officers, and'92 journals.
New Zealland has 311..844 .votes,,61
Z™T S°Urat in the natlon'the »«*?*« of the legislative bodies aid
mob rule will come, was.the emphatic
assertion of Dr. Harvey W.- Whlley,
Russia polls 300,000. votes, has',.60.7
the douma; and 850 minor '
viewpoint, was "from a different
angle .than that taken by",the* steel
magnate.   *
"The sentiment of unrest and abhorrence'which must be allayed,by
educated persons conies, I think," he
asserted, "from the overcapitalization
of great industries; the selling of watered stocks; promotion,of worthless
land schemes,, extortions of the express/telephone and telegraph systems; drainage of'billions of money
into'the cities for life - insurance—a
considerable part of which'never returns to the boneflclarlos—and dozens
of other schemes for deceiving'am] defrauding tho peoplo. I would add to
this list tho soiling of worthless remedies under the gnfso of 'cure-alls'.'
"It is tho duty of tho educated woman
to assist educated mon In tho extermination of nil theso schemes of getting
money for nothing. Wo very Justly
prnlso n certain dctoctlvo for bringing
thoso miscreant!! to justice who sncrl-
flced Innocent Jives to spite nn ,lndf*
vidunl ngalnst whom thoy had n
grudgo. But what detective will bring thoso bllllonnlroB to Justice whoso
existence seems to roqulro that thousands of ch'lldron, women,, and men
shall strugglo with conquering poverty
nnd froozo and storvo In our slreots,
"Tho groat vice ln thlB country Is
tho liiflnno worship of monoy, ,   My
tho trade union. Tako, for liiBtnnco,
the domnnd for n minimum wngo," If
tlio Stato Is to guarnnteo tho worker
a minimum wago what Ih the claim
tho Stnto Ib going to mako on tho
worker, and how Is that claim to
affoct his organization.
Somo of thoso quoBtlotiB may noom
rather remote, but. thoy aro nil In
front of tho trndo union movement
todny. Somo nro bolng illsruHRod now,
and opinions nro Jn courso of foimn.
tlon. So fnr tlio trndo union mnvo-
mont Iiiih done llttlo to help In tlie
work of forming publlo opinion, nnd
ns n ron-HMiunnro public opinion In not
friendly to tho trndo union, in
courHO of tlmo this hostile piilillr-
opinion will bocomo cryBtnlll/od in
Inws ngnlnBt which the worker* will
havo to fight Just as In tlio past.
re"_rsypnsorstilpl"s so strong .
no journal can be listed     ' -..,,-
Denmark, with 77,000 votes, 24 mem-' .
bers of parliament and 25 journals;
Switzerland with 70,000 votes,.2 mem-'
bers of parliament, 100 minor'officers
and 15 journals;" Holland with-65,743
votes, 7 members'of parliament, 17,mln
or officers and 16 papers;  Hungary'"
with 80,000 votes, 217* minor officers
and 13 papers;, Argentina with 30,000
votes, 1 member of parliament 25 mln- '
or officers and B papers; Bulgaria with
30,000 votes, 8 members of parliament'
and 2 papers aro nraong the. older or-'
gnnlzcd countries     Socialism Is now
organized Iii almost all South Amori-'
can countries, In Japan nnd China,-"on   '
vnrious lslandB, In Mexico, Canada and
practically njl over, the world.     Its
totnl voting strength is between eight '
nnd ten millions, making it tlio strong- ■
est political pnrty lho enrth has over
seen.    Hosldes there nro practically as *
mnny non-voting womon Soclnllsts'.as ,"
Uioro aro voters, and thousands of 8o-
clnllsts nro disfranchised becauso of
lmvlng to movo about seeking work.
Thoso workmen who refuse to nfflll-
nto with unions do not realize whnt
would bo tho conditions of tho mc-
cjinnlc and laboring clnssoB In gonoral
If all workers held tholr vlowq nnd
refused to enroll thomBolvoa Into labor organizations, Thoy "havo hut to
look nt plnocB ond In shops whero
thoro aro no organized workers, whoro
nH a rulo wngoii aro less, hours longor
nnd cohdltlonB harder, If thoro woro
no unloriH tho workers would bo
ground down to tho Jowo.it point In
tlio'r pay. If thoro were no unions
mon would bo. forced to labor for .tho
lowoiU wnguH, own for llio ww,.*b nnu-
pnld lo womon nnd children worlcoiH.
Knglnnd tho birthplace of modwi
trndoH iinlonlum, Is nn Illustration of
wlint wn hnvo Just mild In lho nbovo-
piiriiRninli. Iloforo Hie orn of trml.in
unionism In that hive of moilorn Industry tlio wiiroh of Its tollorH wero down
lo tlio point of nbjpct slavery, and ITu*
workiTH woro nhll^rl to slavo nnd toll
long hourn, nnd honlblo conditions for
In j n moro pittance, nnd to cko out a mln-
to lorn hio exlMowo.    Willi tho advent of
II  Impossible by taking t-ioiii.li  ,,■„_„,
avoid this?     Thoro Is n tlioronalily j trades unionism the condiilon"of"n"o
1,00(1 .case for tho trndo union nt producers of thnt nation's wenlth tie-
ovory point If wo Rhnll onlv tirmiu 'rim tn Imprnvo -in., in .«,.*„ »._,-. ^ .   ,
I'.tc It.   At, prosont It uponkft with nn Iter than that of nnv nih^r VuvftVcnn
•.u./ioruuiivo volco.   Tho Trado Union (workers.
(Vngrcsa, as It In omnnlsml toilny Is - HobIiJos, tho employers combine, and
not only futile but dangerous. Tlio'Imvo their associations. Why nhouM
rlFo or tha Labor Party and tlio or* {not tho worker* have tho snmo privll-
aiinlMtlon of llio ficncral Federation lore? ,, Why «hnnM nnn ei»*« *«»„ -,ii
tlio right of combination and anocla-
Hon and tho other cla.u, tho hobI no*
morous class, hnvo nono?   if tlio cm-
«rtlv.».M of th* mi* wm fw. wftftont
•ffect oa tb* pow«r tad utraetow el'
W 'rradc* lluions hnvo roblwrl It of
many of Its old powers, yet It iIom not
stem to tinder«lnnd thin, but rocs ou
much ss If thoy were not tn otUIpuco.
If It Is to continue In this way tho
sooner Its epitaph Is written and tho
fi.n..rs! owr th" n«.t ,rr ft wtll he. If
however. It will ««t Itself to wirldnn
ont fho problem'. In frout of Uui Uml«
union momment It may tioiband i|i«
newly gained strenuth, nlv* dlrectlcn
lo tb# b«tl«r spirit, and ao pwpuro
th* »oT->m*nt for tho trreater work
of tfce Mmt.—itntph P, Dvocaa, lo
th* ftortnllnt Rflrfflw, JfttttCllCller.
Ploying class has all tho rights of aiso
clntlon, and tho employed class htm.
none, tho latter class Is perfectly hdp-
It»» and foinj»l..tely at thi* mercy of Uio
former class.
Tlm «xUtenr« of trades unions better
tho conditions of tho toll«rs, oven of
ifce nonnnlon workers, who, so abort-
ilfihtedly, oppose ail unions as a matter of courso. Tbo exlttenco of unions
contributes to ralso tbe wsies of tbo
ttoo-ttttloa woiksr In tbo «tm« trmrtM
In tbo saKM loealltUs.
■v. ■" \ _j,«?-lV-*'   S
I* r
J .
I   f
■*': ? V? J^f3ip?^
-. t\
;;:■.' ^W, 'Msitiik £th$w  ~* \
Piiblislied every Saturday morning at its'office.
^Pellat Avenue; Fernie, B. 0." Eabscription .$1,00
•per year «T advance'. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circnlation ia the District.., Ad-
rorti^ing rates oa application.' Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color.work. Mail orders receive special;attention.
Address all commnnicationsto The District Ledger.
H.P, NERWICH, Editor.'
_r '
•Telephone No. 48. .Post Office Box No. 380
/*pHE Honorable Richard McBride with particu-
- . ,*' lar emphasis on the ".honorable") with the
astuteness characteristic of the professional politi-
' dan is once more endeavoring to rush through an
election campaign with as much speed as possible.
Being a politician by profession he will be only too
ready, tb offer for* the consideration of the people
any plausible scheme by which he may be returned
to, power. - He presents before the people once
. more (for a chango!) a RAILROAD. POLICY," and
wo are often inclined to wonder jwhat he will find
to fall" back upon when the "transportation ques-
- tion has been settled?' However, we are not particularly concerned, with our "native son, "his •excessive importance'does not "overshadow .what is' after
all the great question — the labor question.
During the next-few weeks we will likely hear a
t gooddealof the platitudes of those who delight
• to be the lackeys of the party in power. Here will
be displayed the movement of material interests,
, - and yet there will be many who will fail to see
-through the trend of events. * '* ' "
■ \We who are admittedly for the' triumph of the
"'.-workers will be accused of upholding selfishness—
or what our friends call "gross matcrialism7'     ;
... Let us see the elevating ideals" of party polities'.
- * On the last day of the session in the B. ^legislature the Conservatives, with an extraordinary desire, to give the workers of-this province every con-
. -.{deration, smothered the Minimum Wage and Fortnightly Pay Bill, without any debate at all.   ' "Yet
. we find the subsidized press of the Conservative
Party attempting' to* show; "that the Hon.' Richard
• McBride has'in his thoughts the interests of the
- workers.     You cannot serve two"1 masters.   The
.interests'of the master and the-worker are diamet-
•-rically opposed,,and'if our brilliant Premier 'denies'
this he but betrays a colossal* ignorance of-the me-
 thod nf pTT>r.|.fti'op   '■        '   '     : '  ' ■ '/..'.*•
-• ,Jjet us come right home, and bear Jn mind,the
Overthrow of the Liberal.Government.in the last
- federal elections.    In the',handsv of the government
- 'is placed the disposal of billets in* various institu-
■' tions.' Do you know how many'applications were
\ sent .in for the position of postmaster .right herein
■Fernie?    Something like two dozen.   No material-
' ism this!   ■ Simply an excessive desire to, serve the
'country iri. a more or less comfortable, position.   '
'"'These individuals who are,so.strenuous in deny-
. ing.the play of economic interests are not all in the
ranks of the Conservative -Party,'   . The Liberals
■ have their share, but when-it,.eom.es to the,straight
' issue between 'labor and capital the Libcral'lias no
"qtialms about voting for that branch of the capital-
'   ist party, whom he would have us believe are such
- deadly enemies to tho progress of the country.
So' keen ore the old political parties,tb throw
themselves ori the intelligence of the people that
, they take particular pains to'seo that tho workers
.don't get ,too, much chance to voice their protest.
"What with hurried political campaigns and the par-
tlcular anxiety shown over tho voters'list we are
.candidly inclined to doubt the sincerity of those
' who would pose as wishing to represent tho people.
The "Workmen's Compensation Act, llowover, has
• mado tho name of Fernie's representative famous,
and yet ho in likely to bo again presented for the
endorsatiori of tho electorate of this constituency.
, tic has told us ho represents the interests of the
community, and hia recorder labor legislation is
- extremely creditable, is it not?   Think   you   ho
- ' bothers about such trifling matlcrs as minimum
wagos, fortnightly pay days, and such liko?   Thoso
things arc scarcely for the benefit of tlio community
7 and it is evident tho merchants, professional mon
-, nnd others think so too.
'   But wlint of tlio workers?    Aro thoy going to
, bo blinded hy tlio specious promises of the old party
, politicians?,   Wo, hardly think so.
they will not see through* the-wily'scheiiies of*, the ni'QT'*-' *A\_7\_ kl M11« l -.UrrT
Socialists, because .'presumably?'they Have''as; .yet "iW lX-'<lP.:t'AI«nUAL"nltC|
(Continued from, page,!),;
nrM.!3 conl minor is onco moro in tho limo light,
* nnd tlio world watches whnt ho is going to do
in Great Britain. Tt is with no calmness either
thoy view tho possibility of tho minors oxorcisng
tholr power on lho induHlrinl field and a "stoppage
• oi a gigantic industry on which tho country's com-
inorcinl supremacy is based."
Ki,  ,'r,  v,o4,.«.,1    ii.     r>     >  v  i' .
....   ,.l  .....iI.m.,   _i,l,  rjuuiLitimn   oilCO  JlliJIO   UI.JIIU   111
for crUi.i.m, uiu] ...... bhoulilAuiuviiUmla in no uncertain tone the contention that Social-Hin is the
concern of the workors.
Tom Mann in credited with being out to shatter
ttir. T.<•*.-.**..• "Pn*M** ** fWni- T>i...n...   ,.„n„ „...„     ,
linvo bohindliim hundreds of thousands of work*
■ ingmon.     But «ays our critics, "Whether tho
'real' workers will see through tho SocinliHtic
, artifice, is an open question."    It is scarcely neccR-
•ary to point out that tho "hundreds of thousands
■ ot workingmen" who nro behind Mann aro not
."reftl" worlccwl
It should ho evident to the, most blinded thnt these
'."real" workers are the hope of the capitalist class.
..They enn depend on them to he loyal, hut for how
long they know rioi ■  They ifear Yery touch that
failed to see the fallacies of the old-political parties.  ^^ , v__ ,-.-.„   ... „
Then comes in the wail of .the!"long stiffering since the resumption ^peratldn's "af*
public,", and J we are inclined ^tb believe that this ter,the"st'rife.y?-'-     " ., 7'"7-7.7
supine crowd must be after all thesalaried workers. It: was-pointed out that-inariy'inen
Their material interests are imperilled; and they who ha*..stnick out for themselves
are'sitting on.the fence and know not on* which side SX/V^ v* *T rel^.*tb«
_.   __.     " •   ..i. •   i *     jr'v.    " f    '•_.-!-   •   •    Dlstrict of-Bupportmg^themrand'-who
to throw in-their lot.    "The power of capitalism-;, is W€re <,„_ bf Work today, would?be de-
evident'and they will .not recognize it.,   Settlement" bared from; assistance'   according", to
by all meaus they warit,-^and they, perhaps, are. also ^owe. -'-International*' Board -.Member^
"real workers.'?    Who knows        *        - '',',. 7 G^T> tJ?er*f01?r' moved Ihat'f.'.y'\;'
t        j.     ,_   .v           -   *        • ■           ...   '   -j.., x "All members who have since teen
In contrastto the uncompromising position-of the M1. fi,^„„i. „' , .,.   , ^ ■; v -. " ■"
.,,_->..         -     ." o ,,    ^       ?,     ,      ,,       , Ia!« through no fault of their own, and
revolutionaries*we quote -Mr. Fenwick, the old and who went   all "through" the' whole
tried secretary of the Durham miners:    ' .   strike"'; '-.,-"•■■ •''," -'■*  y, *y 7 y.
"Whatever tends to.increase'the cost of produc- " The amendment "was.duly seconded
tion will tend,' in all probability,"to drive us further ^legate Carter (Kipp) ;V
v    i   _.  ?_.u * "  _.•_.•■ t_) xv. x l. After some further rl eeussloa, a mo
back to the area, of competition.     If that be so, Hrn,t0 eU&tltute wa6, |ntPOdu^a,i,y
then the result must be that our working time will l^lepate.Oliphant, which iproposed t«
be curtailed, and, the real question for our men to substitute" the amendment by Interna-
consider'is whether it is better "to have* a higher t-oaal Board Member Garner, with an
amendment to include
"AU'men that the" District.Execu
the Pcard deem ,it necessary should
have relief."   "",'"'
The substitute' amendment was duly
After a lengthy discussion, the sub
stUufe ataendment.'intrbduced by.Ttele
i?r,e O.'iphant was duly .'_'...v.Carried
Motion to adopt the, recommendation
of the committee, as amended. ?Carried
With regard to' federating with .the
B."C.-.Federation of Labor and the Al
berta Federation, no win course of for
niation, it .was resolved to do'so.
Regarding loans >ffom "local,unions'
the 'Resolutions' Committee .recbm
mended that the District acknowledge
same as debts and that "same be paid
to the.respective locals by the',District
as. soon as, possible, and' which the
Convention agreedto.
*. The Co-Operatives Thanked.
. The .Convention next passed a vote
of thanks to the* Fernie and Coleman
Co-Operative Store and' to Tom Gra
han, Michel, for their valuable assis
tance'-'during. the7strlke
* Mr..' Palmer,'* tlie, District's, attorney
for Alberta,' addressed the Convention,
after which the address was' accepted
as satisfactory
Joint'Report of Vice-President Stubbs
-    and Secretary Carter
It was announced by the Chairman
of the Committee, that in connection
with this joint report there were several matters which would come in und
er other orders 7 of business, and the
only recommendation to be made""by
theCommitte Is that:
"We feel thankful-to the International Executive Board in promising that
they will relieve the debts contracted-,
by this" District during the strike!'' in
issuing relief "to" 6uf'members, particularly in view.,of,the fact that we have
such a 'large-.number of bur men dis'-'
rate per day with less working time per week, or a
lower rate per day, with a full week's work." -
„You will thus see that after all the "real" workers are after.'more wori. The riiiners' evidently
•want work, and the capitalists want them to work.
Only so far is tliere any identity of interest, and tho
view as to, what conditions they shall w;ork"under is
presented in two different lights. Of course, the
workers should see this in the'same, light, as their
masters and thus end this .industrial war.,'
Every strike, -or threatened stoppage of industry,
reveals only too plainly the power of labor. Yet
we find the workers fearful of the removal of the
power, which exploits them.' They "have created
all wealth and yet fear to demand the'fujr.product
of their labor. ■ They listen to the apologists of the
system, and continue to hope 'for what after, all
is in tlieir own hands, the full reward of their'*la-,
bor. .Individually they-cannot accomplish this,-
but united on the industrial arid political field they
are invincible. This after all;is what the British
captalists**icar more than the few'.thousand, dollars
they may lose through" _t strike.' Their privileges
of exploitation are in danger, and they fear to lose
them. The risk they rurils" the possibility of having to work "to receive the-full reward of their
labors. The shirkers are not- Socialists,, and as a
matter of fact, they it is who fear the growing en-
lighteriment'of the'working'class.:- 'Is this riot so,'
you who love work?   ■ .,"7""' -   ■    >
"D ECENTLY the'authorities of Queen's Univer-'
•V*. sity, Kingston, ^Ont., came to* the corielusion
that it would"be well-for,.them to change the con.'
jstitutibn" in so,:far as it relates-to its religious affiliations. "" Hitherto it* haWbeeri' purely denomina7
tipiial,"ancl a bill has no^y:';been passed in" the House*
.fit.   /TjAtYl,Yir.V,C._^rt*+J_l^\f fnmn vy/L^ /."UL-l^^ill .^^.l.^ XV.!.. 4-.—~-
~'T~7 ^"*" «i«Jij_,—u._-.v/i,i/c_»»«*— \yiiiOu.~wni~Jiiaiie~_uiS-lll~
stitu'tion, undenominational, or,as it is outlined in
the till'"Distinctively Christian.'." "' , ■' -'' --'
. Now, Christianity is .in itself ' denominational.
The term Christianity simply represents one phase
of'religious thought .throughout the world. We
of the western hemisphere' are inclined to think
Christianity is 'the doriiinant religiousthought. In
the'Eastern portion of the world,.however, its adherents are by no means as numerous as our missionaries would have^us believe.. The spread., of
Christiantiy can be traced by the development of
'trade relations between, the East and the West.
The Mahommedans, Brahmans, Buddhists and Cori-
fusionists are by no means such an--inconsiderable
numbers as many are disposed to think. These various religious sects can meet the Christian prosely-
tizers on as stable a foundation of religious argument as they, if such argunients aro worthy of the
claim of being based on stable foundations.
Now wo do not profess to be authorities on thco-
logical questions, but wo cannot.see what particu-
lar advantage it is to scholars to know thoy, arc
members of a/"Distinctly Christian" institution
We lail to Me that their outlook on conditions  as majority of tho membership.
Tuosday evening's session was taken
up with tho report of irit, Bo'nrd Mom*
bor Garner, which aftor much discussion regfirding that part dealing with
they exist is going to be quickened by dragging in
religious tests.
Every man is entitled to his own viows on ro-
ligiou. ,««lion», a?_ «think tho Christta, show ZJSS ,S. C tSSm'
a very narrow spirit when they desire to apply tbo    Wednesday was tho ninth and last
distinction of Christianity to educational institu- dny of the Convention, '  Tho major
tions;    Education should encourage critical analy- P°rt,on ot the mooting was tialwn up
sis, and if tho ideals of religious'thought cannot S^w"01"'™6?8 °f rf™fiontnUy6B
Bi„».i D,,..i. n +ao.   ;+ ... „„n    . j      ' ,, "' 1,lt,or convontlons and tho oooton
stand Buch a teat,-it w evident to. any,, reasonable 0f commissioners to act an a board
manjhat thoy are standing in tho way of progross of Investigation In rospoct to tho Dis-
by attempting to limit the usefulnoHH and the real trlct ledger whon necessity should
purposo of education. nrla0, v Aa reganls tho lattor.tho com-
We bolievo'that unbiased criticism can do no «_T^^^1 JS^ i^
b.™ mat is lasting to any cause that is worth J^a^i^E^
while, and in fact criticism is tho searchlight of alternates.    In view of tho fiiot that
modorn progross.    If our .Christian friends, aro so Ul° Jntornntlonnl Convontlon of tho
convinced as to tho powers of thoir faith thoy U' M" w' of Al nro on,y ,10,i1I«k co»-
»l,m,Mh„va no I.o.ital.on whn,Soovor ,„.o„„„.»B. 7SSSX ZZ7Z tfSZ
mg this spirit of analytical onquiry.    This is the next convention to dooldo.
spirit of the ago and what it will accomplish r
mains to be seen.
crlmlnat^dT-^ainst and.whoTmust be
provided for, a'matter which will be, a
source of big'"expense, to the. District
for some.time to.'come. ' We sincerely
trust that the' Inteftaatlonal" will -see
their way clear to fulfil that promise."
? On Wednesday, morning the Constitution Committee reported, and discussion- on .amendments' to the Constitu^
tion was continued throughout the day
and evening. Amendments woro made
regarding auditorsydutles of tlie-vice-
piesident, district elections, and representation at conventions. Also tbe
duties/of officers in-connection with
taking up grievances in the present
agreement with the .Western Coal Operators*. Association..' Amendments
were offered to bring "tho District Into
lino with the revised International
Constitution regarding elections and
convention's overy two yeare, but theso
did not obtain tho support ,of tho majority "of tho delogates.
The artlclo in-connection with tho
recall was amended. , Instead of a
percentage of tho locals being ln a pos1
tlon to ask for tho recall ofjin officer
It will now bo decided only* upon tho
L»_id«r.aV'fl<_rfr|«irJ 8oclatl<t Party
      Tho, foi-
lowing woro tho othor elections:
Trade. and Ubor Congress of Can*
-trlii, which will bo hold at Guolpli,
Ont.: Vice-President 0, Stubbs; altor*
nato J. 0 ..Tonofl,'
n. 0. Proration of Labor: J, W,
Gray, nllornnlo, 1.,'Paton.    * ' ,
PnrmorB'Convontlon,'Prank: Wheat*
l/»v» nVt/.v<f-.ht(\   n  vtv*•*'-•
■-*1   j   *Jt   *^ *>a\jyt
WflRtorn Vodorntln-n of Minor!.: "Pro-
nldent W. Tl. Powoll; 'niton...to,' So-;..
Tionsuror A. J. Cnrtor,-
Alberta Podorntlon of-Labor (when
formeiDi D. HysJop: itltornato,' .T,
Indnntrlnl unlonhm wan endorsed by
tl'o Convention,
Tho Convontlon concluded with vetee
of thnnliB to frntornnl doloirnton, VV.
iroallierlon and W.'8rnltten, to which
tboy suitably responded, Also to Mayor Hatch (of LothbrldRC), Mr. Can*
nlnchtim (as roproMmtatlvo of the
Hoard of Trado), tlio Trades and Labor Coun.ll, nnd 0. J. Wckstrem.''tW
U^lr courtly to the delegitei <HriHf
..!<' Convontlon,
It wns doclrtcd to hold the next Contention In Lathbiidge.
y,y-_' *-y>y -yyjy^yS^y
Our; •catalog;, this  se^spnj^mU^sa^you] ikoiiey 'dn-ievery
article  sho^vi-quMity con
facturers^f. several of t^B goocis catalbgu^
buy^'fromifee^ro^uciBrs aitid sell'direct„toyyouT : yThis ' myek.
;you all mid|lemen;s ;profits.y Tou buy at the actual; cost Of ^
productioi^th^iiiy one "smaU
,Jn wearing apparel we are foremost'iri: values!* ,.Ojir garments are;ail made in our '
own factories,;whereevery accomodation, every working convenience.is given to* bur '
employees. - This enablesit-tem to^ produce the best possible results   -  .    ,' y 7    ',;
? The EATON way''makes Mail Order buying perfectly'/safe. ' We"., guarantee* every
article, sold.   If. yoii "are,;not eritirelysa'tisfied with your.puachase.we-will either, .ex-
► change for other goods or return your moneys together, with all ■ railroad charges both.
ways on the returned merchandise., y   ,   . v ys.;. * .    y ■■   «-* V' V* - '
If you have not,received a catalog, send us a letter or a post card and one will be 7
forwarded by return mail.     '  -,    y . '." .,*  -   7 ,,.. !,     ,r -,   vy ,.   7. *    .. * .    7;
:.-■'-..> •■*
en s Fine
. -Every Suit sliown in this Catalogue is made in our own large,/
bright and. airy factory under the managemenV of skilled axti-. *;
saris.   Every-yard of material is thoroughly, shrunk before being
used.'  The foundation of the suites inade from the very,- bestof
'materials. The pockets in the coa,ts are.hung'fromthe shoulders  -
_ by stay linens, equalizing the weight of the pockets'contents..
These points, give the iinishedsuit a shape-retaining and wearing 7-
quality seldom found.      y y .  ,'" "■'       ■ 7 0 ','-... .1
--",..- i ' '.' '■•,'-.    y     y     ?-■■■  • -. ■', -
" ;A11 our, suits are cut on ,yr'ell -itting, smart lines, giving the'
wearer a-sCylish'.-well dressed appearance.    ?   .    7 ,'*.,.',-, ,:,, ?'
.- ,This suit we have illustrated is made in'the single breasted, 3-.'
- button style.   The material is a fine quality of English "Worsted
- _n> dark olive brown shade,,with fancy,"narrow,.blaek stripe.' -,
-,Tfie coat has a" neat fitting collar, mediuri length lapels, and fits'
snugly | around the shoulders.    It is lined throughout with fine"!
quality' twilled Italian cloth, interlined right down front with'' "
.-linen, canvas, and hair cloth, enabling it to keep its shape,'"Vest"
is sinple breasted, \yell lined-and h'as'four pockets? Tlie Pants '.'
i are perfect? fitting and have two side, two hip arid watch pockets" ''! -
also belt loops arid side straps.,'  ■ •;       ,'   *• ■  y * ^ ,
V\  ' ' ' , , S      1   -  -       ,      C ' . -    ' -      '    '.
r> . *   :* .   !   ' , .'
We would like you to examine the ma-
. terial in this suit.    We guarantee it to
give good wear and to keep its shape.
Send for Samples
' -  This, suit maybe had iri - sizes 7from 36Stb'.44''..
■ chest measurement,-(under'coat and overyest)
Be sure to give height and weight.""' -'   , ,'- ' \ . y
Price $10.45
Looking at Property
is not on easy task,'and that
is why, wo suggest your allowing ub to find you such
real estate 'aB you dofliro.
Just toll ub what ltind of
Ah Investment
you Book, Perchance our list
doos not contain a Huitable
proporty, wo will search until
wo .find you Hometliing.
You'll mako no miatalco,
hut you will Bavo rnonoy by
dealing with uo. .. '
Solo Agent for, Pernio
Lecturer Telle ef Qullde of 2000 Veere
• *»» -
"Nothing le now In tho world," Pro-
feiior Aloxnndor In hie leoturo recently on "Somo phaioi of pleblan life
tinder tho Enrly I_mplre," given undor
Unlverelty Extension auipteee, once
asaJn proved tho truth of tho old pUti-
tndo. H« »how«4 thnt tho pfototyn*
ef the modorn trad«n uitloni and working mon'a oritanliatlona oslated ne the
Colleftla. or gnllda, that had their lifting among th* Roman proletariat during the period 2? D,0. te 161 A_t>.
Theae old Latin onloni though made
fUGtl you next
think of buying
clothing, think
not, prily of it's fine
» Think also.of the quality which will make
that  fine • appearance
,  last longest, ,
quality is honost'kind
that provos itsolf wifli
oaoh day's, soi'vico.
Try Campbell's for your
now Spring Suit,
no' n_ton.pt to roRii.nta lioura.wnKOB,
conditions ot lnbor or to obtain any ad-
vnntngo by orgnnleod strikes. • Thoy
dovotoil tho mont of thoir, Influence to
(urthor tho amonltlos of eoclnl llfo am-
r\r\r>at thi* Tnowhnrn'nf thrt " vnrlmw
rnvftn. TVk1 'milUnry piUrttJ'' Mnwiwfl
tho aohlltir roerobcrB ngnlnot tho riuku
of hie haxardoue' colllnB; the unions
of tho submorgod end alavo olaoB oxi«t-
fd for th*. t.«rnoi.w of fmimrlni. .'Mr
mombors at least a decent burial,
whloh owing to tho pecallnr tenets ot
the Roman religion, wns regarded an
of supremo Importance. Alio there
was'a consciousneoi tbat by union
they might «nJoy «om« of the advantages tbat were almost the preroin-
tive'of tho haniihty PAtrican and thn
Vancouver School Hoard went over
to tbo Capital City en masso thli week
In an endeavor to seeure amended
provincial legiilailon concerning the
#mploym#nt »f chlMr*n of nrhool oge,-
WkelesAle and Retail
' ,      - .,  A       ' ' ' >'
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
- Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
.   Counter
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Viotoria Avonuo
FERNIE, B.C.      Phone 31
4WS-UI-.. <_uAi_ o.Ai.U
PHOBN1X, Arl*., Fob. 26.—Governor
Hunt ,tho newly itfttnllod Executive ot
Arlconn, orented a mild stir juit after
ho hnd subsorlbed to tho oath of office
ye.tordaf, by refusing to occupy a reviewing «tnnd built by non-union labor.
Tho Governor and his party retired to
the Capitol while another stand was
beln built by union men. After it
bad ben completed, the Governor and
his friends took seats and remained -anil! th* paratla waa ovwr, -
•I a
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**. ;*.. ■
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j*    \j ,
*' .Mr.- Steve"* La-yveon and''family, of
•'Hosmer, spent-/last weekr'end up-here
;' wUh;Mr^a.nd;Mrs, Joe?Maddiebn... Mr.
* LawBontWag also'a^-visitbr.bn the Suri;
-? day,"-but.he returned'the. same.''day.7?
- >'Mr. James sDIxoi_' was a'new arrival
up'her^-'last Saturday, * coming from
-County-Durham,"England.y *' 7 • '- ;
-':' A^reakaway occurred on No. 6-out-
side-incline1- last' Saturday morning
" which suspended 'operations in' .hat
district all* the mgrning shift. ,,*It was
repaired-for the afternoon shift to
start.  ,y  ,.  '  - ' '    '   "   7
Doctor Bonnell, of'Fernie, was taking in the Bights of our lltle camp last
', A number of "Three Linkers" took In
the Rebekah box social at; Fernie last
Friday, and had a real good * time,
even to hoofing' it up the hill in the
early morning.      y .       .   .    .', ,
.Three,youths named -Bert .Lanfear,'
.Ernest/Ward and'Albert Yearby'went
out for a walk last Sunday, each carry-,
ing.a' gun.,' The"'road they took was'
•along by No..0* Mine, and .everything
went all right till they* were return-.
*, ing,home/when .Ward stopped a little'
behind,-to do Bomething,,'and.he'elipp^-
ed down, his hand caught the trigger,
discharging the'gun. . fhe5bullet hit
Yearby just, 'under, the collar.'- bone.
Needless to say the youths' were stupl-
ped for the time,- but th'ey.hurried; the
.unfortunate- lad' home,'■ and.,"medical
ai«J was "gbt'as.soon'as possible and.the
bleeding stopped? r' He was 'removed
■down'to the hospital on Monday,-but
the latest ^account- Is .that no trace "of
the,bullet could be found/otherwise
,he is as we.ll ob can be "expected. Ward
is a relation of Yearby's, "and has been
living? with them**Hfor about three*
months, and he Is simply heartbroken
at the'sad accident.""*■,. ,7   ? . .*
Harry" Baiter, ' well "known" In the
Pass as a bit of "a pugilist, arrived back
in camp on Tuesday;'coming from the
coast.. Coal Creek Js -'like "Hbitie,"
Sweet Home," to Harry."/ ' . ,, 7
.*- Wm. Partridge arrived in camp from,
Hosmer on, Wednesday. ./.William is
a ""bit of a footballer;'and -a-Iittle- in-
■ducemenffor him 4ovstay/may benefit
•the football club;.some'this y«ar...*  7
- -A young Slavonian,-while-working as
■a-pusher In?Nolg^neloniWedneaday^
theoldcduntrfon Thursday last, and^among the assistants -in ■ the/etores
\   .
• had the misfortune to get his left- leg
broken through the.car running,back
on; him before he could "get out of the
way." -        v - o .-•-•■ :  ' *-y .
• President Jy e: Smith/arrived back
•home bn Wednesday from "the'Conven'-,
tion- at Lethbridge, and reports having
'had a btisy time.       , - -
Dr. Workman's two children aro both
sick with scarlet fever. ■   A trained
■nurse has been brought from Calgary
to look after thorn. - -There are two
other en ses up here besides.
Householders cannot be too careful
In places like this ,and thoy should see
that all dirty water, and refuse is not
thrown about ovitBide' tho .doors, y'',
Pete Dowoy was one of the. lucky
five dollar wlnnorB at tho* Grand Theatre on Tuesday .night. **- This ls two
months in succession. that Pete haB
cnught the plunks.' '■ '.   '. ,
Don't forget, thoro will ben grand
maBqucrado ball in tho Club Hall on
- Monday, Mnrch 18th, ln honor of St.
Patrick's Day. Prizes, will bo given
for thb best dressed lady rind gentle-.
,rnan for tlio occasion; also a prize for
the-best comic. AdmlBPion: ladles
mnsked free; gentlemen; 11.60/
The monthly examination for Coal
Miners will tnko, place on Monday,
March 4th, in No. 8 office, commencing
at 3 p.m. Applicants should give at
least two days' notico to tho Secretary,.
J.M.Stewart."'  -
Thoro -woh a good muater at tho
weekly mooting of tho Iloaraor Local
U. M. W. of A„ 2407, on Sunday Inst,
Bomo of tho boys turning up In the
hope of hearing our dolcgntoB' ro.
port, ,Wo expected him brick In lime
for our noxt weolily mooting nnd liopo
to boo nil mombora proBont,
We henr that a certain storekeeper
in tho Pass Ib hieing his position, ao a
govomment official as a lover lo hla
builnoDB. Our forolgn brothers havo
certainly lot tbo cat but of tho bag
tlits time,
Clinrloy Antony arrived back from
them«mb«rs,of the Hosmer Rifl« Club
are "hoping" to,have his assiBtaac* during the. coinings season/-     <"'J y.7-
*-Oa February'-23rd;,horn to-Mr and
Mrs.' Leroy-,. Taylor,? a "son.  ? '.. >,. v;.
- Mr. Robert' Strachan/ th« DiBtr'ict
Inspector; of-Mines,-,ia"?removing .- to
Fernie shortiy.././ ... f7 "^ ,v.-'r7~S's ,•.
, There is, another opera house to be
built in'Hosmer, thia epring., ' They
have been-busy looking for th* stakes
this lastyweek. ..*'; " . . y' '
The next service/of the English
Church will be held in th© Odd B'el-
low's Hall onf Wednesday, March 6.
Members of all denominations are cordially Invited. The Rev. W. N. Wai-
ton, rector bf Fernie," will conduct the
service." -'.'"• ,'     ,.    " -
Teddy Par.tridge! arrived in town on.
Friday last. ' '?  -    ■
. There is a good opening for a union
barber in this town.
, We .understand on "good authority
that-Hosmer-is to have a newspaper
once more to "herald" the "news", of
the ""times." , Whether it is to be a
daily pr weekly edition, we .cannot say.
,, There is.soon to be a change in-a
government position In this town and
the present official'and pro'tem, who
is ;a, Hosmer,. man,"-will have' the" best
wishes 'of all in their new - vocations."
7- Wrong! yyou've another giiesB com-
irig.{yy•',-, '.>'.»-."7      -, • •   .'";
' [Some*of the*boys are under the Impression that the Hosmer Industrial
Association 5s connected with _our.
Local.-y"it'.is not. '' .'•
'' There was a hot place in Hosmer
on Saturday last according to "the title
of jthe film "shown"at the opera house,
It was Dante's Inferno—HELL!       '.
-^«™ and all the clerks of tovrn.'; It
was a request to Mr. Bonamico to, close
his store at 6 o'clock each'evening
and-give from 1 o'clock on. Wednesday,
as, a half-holiday.. For theMpast five
years the grocers, dry goods', butchers
and. banks have been working*'along
these lines,'and it has never,Injured
their business in the least' " On the
other hand it„has been a splendid thing
for tffe clerks./- Crow's' Nest Hardware has always closed at „ six, *but"
never closed on Wednesday/but that
does not inerfere with tlie others, as
serve great credit for their labors. *'
A big up-to-date hotel is in course
of construction on the new townsite
here, and is expected* to be ready for"
business about the 1st of May.^ \
, .Bill Barnes', accomodation for fleas
was closed up a*"few days ago, and a
sale was held to dispose of/the tin
dishes,' etc. We .hope/he?made,"out
good during the time he has carried
on this health resort for waifs and
etrays. Good riddance to bad rub-
Dish. A bonfire would bo the proper
thing now. . . '     '"
Things might be booming in some
♦ , - ♦
V y      --7-; ■     >
♦» ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ o.
yThe. Canada" West mine .hoisted
three box cars of coal on Wednesday.
They expect to work?, couple ,'of en-
tries'on Friday." There is yet'considerable coal in the mine tb be cleared
up?., ; ,/.   „ *.    ;/• .  y, y \ *
The'delegate is. expected"ba*ck from
the convention today." • One of the
executive is supposed-to come with
■him to take up the .case ,of the new-
_gp_mers who-are-gettihg-thp-prof*r*nre
of work" at.the Canada .West-'. "* .■
, -^ Sammy Dunn' is' moving ■ onto his
homestead'-'this .week,   .     • i   ' .   .
The "Taber Chefs" met with a good
reception,onLtheir arrival from Calgary
on Friday. ' They were greeted at the
station by about/half the population"
of tho town. The brass band' was in'
attendance. Charlie Ramsey, tralmr
of. the team, was picked up bodily
and carried around,the" station.'; .The
team*were then*-taken in.motor cars
to tho Palm Theatre where - a big
crowd, congregated. Councillor Malo
occupied the.chair as Acting-Mayor in
the absence of Mayor, Douglas. Speeches wero mado b> Dr Leech, Bob Anderson, Mr. Ewlng aud others congratulating tho team on their victory, also'
on tho'sportsmanlike way thoy-had
carried on the gamo without-practically nny support. As evidence of being
/willing to help the boya out ln tho
future the chairman wns giving Bomo
eleven hundred dollars to defray the
expenses of sending the team ' to
"Winnipeg to play for the Allan Cup Tho
Chefs took tho train on Tuosday for
Cnlgary to play the toam from that
city, as the profesiBonal club of that
city claimed the right to play for tho
cup as champions of Alborta. The
game,is to be played on Wednesday
night, It doesn't look as if tho Tabor
team were getting a square deal. But
win or lose, Tabor Ib Justly proud ot
Its "Ohofs."   ,
Innpcotor Morgan, of iho Macieod
Jnupoelorato, spent from Monday till
Woilmmdny, in town, dur'ng which llnii'
!',» v'olted tho schools nt Frank, Lille
am, Iilllrront,
Sydney Robb quit working at fl. J.
WatBon'n Drug Storo,
,  A. V. Lang spent Sunday In Calgary,
A successful basket social was hold
hi Uio school hall on Thursday night
\ lot of nice bnskota woro mndo for
Mm irrnRlon, nnd tho yomr men worn
on dock to look nftor tbo baskotB. $65
wns cleared as a result.
A petition waB circulated this week
.    -
Aro beginning to arrive. This week
wo havo a largo shipment of "Tookes"
well known Neglige Shirts, in the newest patterns.   AU sizes from 81.26 np.
/        /
i ....
(Suc<K»Ror« Ui \y.,T, Whit© & Co.)        'COLEMAN
it.is,the only hardware in town.    Mr. parts'of the' country, but not in Kipp
Bonamtca's is a grocery store/and it'
he'contlnues to keep open as he, has
been It will likely be', the means of
causing the other stores to keep open
too, and the. assistants have long
hours enough now., without adding anything to them. ?       '   '  -
Mr. Bonamica refused to fall in with
the request.' .We recommend that-the
council set an' hour of closing for all
places of business. "7.7
, The Blairmore married" men's hockey
team came down to Frank on Tuesday
night to play the C. P. "ft. .' They must
have got ,*.'cbld feet"'as "they hiked
home before the 'game commenced.
-Mr. Brash, who, has been manager
of the Imperial Hotel here'since Mr'.'
Mutz,bought it In"the,fall, is :giving
up that position and will he leaving
town shortly. ' His place will be taken
by Mr. Scott,-who comes from Fernie
early next*'week.. "* - .
• Two ya'gs. were arrested on the C?
P. R. station about midnight on Thursday! last; Harry" White; of Bellevue,
who.was on his'way home, saw them
making some attempts to get into the
C. P. R." freight shed; and gave the
report, "the police were soon on the
scene and took charge of Ihe two. fellows. They.are now in Lethbridge'
where they willbe'taken charge of for
two months.  ._,.,?.       .,
Frank, Wejr,' who-had charge of the
skating fink sihce.the strike,was settled, has given up that job as the hockey season is over. "He-is no.w working in the mine. "'*.''
A meeting of the miners' was called
for 3 o'clock last.Sunday afternoon by'
.Dr. McKay in" the "Miners' Hall'" to
'discuss "the'possibility, of starting a
class to.study/'first aid tb.tiie wounded." ■ It^'was decided'.toimeet every
providing the halls, free ot charge,
while Dr.. McKay, gives" his services
free. • Next Sunday the" class starts
at one o'clock,, the.following Sunday
at 3 o'clock? ' "/
.. .Tony Poch, who has. been laid up
with a-broken 4 leg-for, some' time Is
back again at his old job' in P. Burns'
store.        ^ y",
! A hold-up occurred in town on Monday ?night,' when a one-armed man
struck town. ■ lie evidently was short
of money, because during the evening
ho visited a shack near the river,
where he demanded-$50. There were
three mon in tho house and the only
weapon The had was a club. ■ One of
the men" went and got the police, who
carried him, to the barracks. Ho is
to havo two months rest ln Macieod as
at the present,time.
* Tuo miners here started to work'on
the new contract ngreemeat on the
fifth of the- month and worked two
days and . never . worked since.
They say we flooded the market In
twoshlftB on contract       , - .
V, Quite a number of men-are being
laid.off here every day and soon there
will.be none left ?It "is^the intention
of the company to ..wo'rkTjust one shift
and only work the narrow work at that
as,they have no orders for"coal at pre:
sent. _ So this looks like* having a
dull/summer here. There, ls talk of
big things being done outside after
the frost is "out of the ground/and this
might come as a* relief to some of the
hoyB who have'been.laid-off from the
mine.       ;;'      ' .    '      •"       '■ . -""
Bro. Tom Clapham was/taken seri-'
ously ill bi_e day.last .week and .was"
taken,to Diamond City Hospital.' The
exact.nature of-his'.complaint is not
known, but we "all hope to see our old
friend around, again "as soon as'possible.   "".-'-,    .     "'■     y      .     ''
Mr. Ridgewayand Jno. Nash, who
were visiting friends in Coleman for a
month, arrived,'bome last night'11 on
the midnight train. The boys had a'
very pleasant trip.and made quite a
number of new-friends.
♦ ♦■'♦ ♦,«► ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 4* ♦ ♦
i ■♦
♦ KIPP NEW8 •»
♦'.",' ♦
, Things aro dead In Kipp these days
ns far as mining Ib'concerned, an tho
mines havo boon practically Bhut down
for tho pant two weeks, "Lack of orders," is tho cry.* Ther.j Ib a mine
which has ohly.JuBt started'to put coal
on tho market, so to speak, and about,
fifty tons a day would koop them going, but they havo to keep their mlno
Idle for want of, orders. What's
amiss with tho market anyway? Aftor the mlnos nil through this district
havo been fdio for seven or eight
months and fighting for nn Incroaso In
pay we find tho markot flooded with
Amorlcnn conl that nt tho ond of eight
months Btrlko wo nro lying around Idle
for Bcarolty of orders, Protty good
business.' It's about Mmo we caught
on to oursolvoo anyway. Btroot gos-
Hip goes ni far aB to ny "Oh, woll, wo
will get lota of ordors ns soon ns our
brothers ncrons tho lino will bo
on strike, thon wo will get oiir own
bnck. Thoy fill our mnrkot when
wo go on Btrlko, nnd wo will do tho
siimo whon thoy nro fighting for tholr
rlghiB nnd wo will try and mako them
tnko tho holo llko wo did nt tho end of
our strlko." Thoy sny it's nn ill
wind that blows nobody good, but
in tho opinion of tho writer It's about
tlmo wo go up a move that would b* a
benefit te all of ub, not wait for the
downfall of ono that other's may reap
...tl   _.<_Uti_._,
QuKo a number of (ho boys havo
left this bonanza to search for green
fields and pastures now, -but by tho
papers thoy will have to travel «omo
>o _.ru_ nny .or.un.iB bunging around.
Othors are slaying horo living, on
hopes. Let us hopo they will atrlko
it rich yet.
The Co-oporatlvo Is making alow
headway in Klpp, All kinds of ob-
ituretlons nm bufng met with, but tt'a
to lm hoped tho thing will not fall
thrvMiffh on*, tbey "do get Into wovk-
Ing order. There li not a doubt but
what It will go ahead.
The children's concert was a stiM-iis
and the promoters did well to get the
ehlMreo m. well trained to carry ent
their part it* fj^y ..fr?, in^ uky jc.
♦ «    MICHEL NOTES «■
♦ - ..; %
♦♦»♦ ♦ »♦»♦»»♦-»»»»»
On Saturday morning, last the west-,
bound paserfger.train ran into,an open
switch near McGilllvary and the en'-?
gine was turned ovjsr on its side. Luck?*
iiy'no We*was, hurt, though the engineer and fireman.had-narrow escapes: The-eugineeTrTrGiliris'cerf^riy"
haying,a streak. pf\luck as,he was
engineer "on-, the Flyer a month" or so
back, which "struck a crane at Spar-
wood and kli'ed his fireman. *
/•'(irn.'.To Mr. and, Mrs. John Crlp-
pen, -fif fid JMchel, Saturday-last, a
daughter.'-7,Mother and. child  doing*
wen.    .■•". y._
> A.Iso to Mr, and Mrs. John Hovan, on
same date;, a daughter. , Both doing
woll. ,- ' ,7 y       ,       -'    "•
Mr. Bert Black, superintendent, of
the M. F/and M. Ry., was a visitor
here Friday last.
1 Don't forget tho Polmatler Sisters'
Challenge Orchestra, which appears
here, In Lockhnrt's Opera House on
March tho 8th, undor tho auspices of
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.'
Mr. Graham, Chief Inspector of'Mines for the Province, also Mr. Itobort
Straohnn and Mr. Evan Evans, District
Inspectors,, paid a visit to Michel on
Friday last. •    y        -
'Now that tho. weather Is gottlng
mlldor qulto a numbor of tho unemployed are . putting ln their time
j Saturday loot, whilst a C.' P. R. brake
man was letting down a car to tho
tipple it got beyond his control on account of tho brake refusing to act, and
ran Into the tipple doing considerable
Joo Harper, C. P. R. engineer, wa ea
visitor to Fernie, Monday,
On Friday night tho Great Farce
Comedy entitled "Tho Private Secretary," waa played much to tho satisfaction of all those prosont, Tlio
play, which Is full of llfo and humor,
kept tho audience in a roar of laughter throughout tho ontlro evening.
. Tho social given In honor of tho departure of Mlko Joyce, was ono that
will oyer ho rcmomborod by thoso pro-
sent at it. Tho chairman, Mr. Bid
Hurt, aftor having mado a fow miltablo
romnrks, called for refreshments; etc.
IIo thon called for volunteers for Bongs
and numoroun woro tho applicants as
tho boozorlno bognn lo got Itn work
In, nnd ns a romilt a lengthy program
was gono through. Slim Horry, recitation, The Farmer and tho Hobo; encore, song, Father's Pants Will Soon
Fit Willlo; Mr, Jns. HnmpBhlro, song,
SIkbIo. Mr. TIioh. Colquhoun, song, My
Wifo's Gono to tho Country; Mr. John
Owens, song, Do Let Her Go, Professor: Mr. Rllm Jlerrv. son... What's tho
Uro of Working? Mnny others, too
numerous to mention. Tho evening's
entertainment was wound up by the
chairman, Mr. Sid Hurt, who gave the
following song, composed by tho undertakers, "You May Run a Little
Wliilc, lint We'll Nail Vou Jn tho FJn-
The flrat practice night of Bt. John's
Ambulance wns held in the Opera
Houio on Sunday evening laiit at 7
o'clock. At the samo time election
for officer, took place. The following
were elected; Dr. Welden, president;
XL -!pru-.tau, vice prcaiikat; 8ttu«y.
secretary-treasurer;, Commltteo "- T.
Drancb, J. Newmin, E. Tone, T. Cub-
llffe, Tt. flprnston. A large number
were present    Five lectures will be
elation. \We are" surprised to'learn
that the superintendent and pit boss
decline to take any active part" in
this work.    ..",.,•
'Frank Pollitt and Jack Higginson
havJ-jleft camp .and are now on their
ranch at'Creston;'where,they intend
to stay-for the future.',   7
Much dissatisfaction is "being 'created by the'treatment handed out to
the miners and others "by the" petty
officials of the coal company here. A
stitch* in time'saves nine, is a true
and .old saying, and it may perhaps
pay thof ompany, to put a stop" to such
treatment. -;.-> * * »
. The meeting called for Sunday night
under the auspices of Michel Local
Union was postponed, until, Sunday
evening, March 3rd. • Mr Wm. Koell-
ing will ■ give an address on "Industrial Unionism." All nre cordially invited' to attend.   v
Miss Hilda Davis is paying a "visit
to her parents'. Her many friends are
delighted to see her back here.15
The littlo son of Mr and Mrs. Thos.
Phillips ls dangerously ill with typhoid
fever,, 'We hope to hear of a change
for the' better.
We hear of a 6hooting match to come
off in the near future for f 50 a side between-W. L. Porter and Dick Beard.
Both are good shots, and' the match
should prove interesting.
The delegates attending the Conven-'
tion at LethbVidge.arrlved back Wednesday night.-' , We are glad to' hear
that, all \he resolutions sent in, by
Michel-Local were not-turned down. .
Work' is? being rushed on the New
No. 8 South fan'plant Keep rushing. '..-''/ '
' MeBsrsSmallm'anand Hillman have
been trapping for the last week. Just
w.,ai .their catch is* we can't state/out
have every reason to believe that it is
one worth having.
• Fred' Pollitt has left' here' for Cumberland, Vancouver Island, where he
has secured empol'yment,. Mrs. Pollitt ,l«ayes shortly to join her husband, y .■:..•''.'
'. Mr. Otto Melrs, proprietor of the
Great, Northern, Hotel, .was a visitor
to Fernie/,Thursday. ,' ,,(. -
''- On - Saturday/ Bayliffe , White, bf
Fernie, and ■ *Mr?. Murray, accountant
of" the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, Michel, accompanied by Provincial Constable of'New Michel, made a
as a" result-the ..houses of parliament
got? an extra sprinkling of chloride of
lime. r t /';/"- -u|i!jSF??»SJ
Now, ye disciples bf Sir Isaac Walton, get^busy.y" Thb Michel and District Anglers', Association will be rea'dy
March lCth*to'renew,'its membership
also to inscribe, the names of new
members on Its scroll.
Fred .Talbot arrived in Michel Wednesday1 night, from Coal Creek, whore
he has been working for the past few
months'.' ' 'No,place liko Michel, is
there, Fred?.. 7   •   *
A dance, held under tbe auspices of
tho .Italian Orchestra, wns given In
Lookhart'B Opera House, when a largo
crowd attended. - Dancing wbb imlulg-
ed ln to tho swoot strains of the music
until tho wee ema', hours of tho morning.
A very interesting hockey gnmo
wns plnyod'horo on TucBdny night botweon the boys of the International
Coal and Coke Company and the C.P.R,
Tho latter won by a score of G—i
Tho Colomnn hockey team went to
Blairmore on" Wednesday night to
play the locnl team. There was some
lively playing by both teams, the
(.core Btandlng .—fi ln favor of Blair
A very quiet but pretty wedding
took placo hero on Monday night,
wlieu Harry Aittoll wiih mnrrlod to
MIbb Margaret' Hoggan. The ceremony waa performed by tho Rov. Mr.
Hunter, pastor of tho Baptist Church
of ninlrmoro. MIbb Agnes Hoggan noted as bridesmaid, whllo tho groom
wbb supported by IiIb brother, Mr,
Owon Ant'll. Aftor tho ceremony lho
hnppy couplo nt down to n wedding
supper prepared by tho pnrontB of tho
brldo. After this ovoryono onjoy-
thomtclvoD with mimic and dancing
until tho early houra of the morning.
Rvoryono Joins in wishing thorn a
long nnd hnppy life.
Tho mlnofl nro working stonily tlil*
week, and ovoryono is looking hnppy.
Wo nro Rind to report that Mibr
Port or is rocovorlng from her norlmiB
lllnciiff and thero Is hopes for her complete recovery,
Th* W«i«<f*»Hl   Pn-OnornMvo Triillm"
Co. held tholr hnlf-yenrly mooting this
week and report a bet«cr slnndlng
than at any tlmo slnco thoy hnvo bcon
In buslnets,
The Polmatler SlBtcrs have never
failed lo make good. Th« nIMers nre
well adapted for tho various parts tliey
take In tb« programme of the evening,
nnd thero Is on nlr ef sympathy and
feeling throughout tlielr work that Is
seldom If ever found In other organisations or this kind. It you want to
\.t.\t tho. lw-,&t that < an he pr(hIuu-i1. in
this line do'not miss this grand treat,
wtilth U-.4-K. pUc-tt in thia town on Wednesday neit
Cofrman Lodge No. S« and !t*b*kah
Victoria Lodge No. 7, of the t. O. O.
The Rocky Mountain
.   '*    ' -' ■ ,v- . ,'"*  .* ""   • ■
,    At the Famous Sulphur Springs
.    ''    '   FRANK, Alta. /
Fitted throughout with every modern convenience
The Frank Wine & Spirit Go.
Wholesale. Dealers in
Wines, Liquors and
_..-■ We have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
*-" in the Pass.    Everything in
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware.
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing: and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Cpow?s Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANK,  Alta.     P.O. Box 90
> A
and Dealers in
Domestic  Groceries
Agents for Steamship Companies. New Michel, B.C.
BaCOn  Smoked Boneless, weigfft lOlbs.   A real
Breakfast luxury, per lb 20c
Cranberries, per lb  15g
Lemons, per dozen  30c
EggS, every egg guaranteed to boil dry, a doz. 40c
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A, CLAIR ;-; Proprietor
Elko, B. C. "
Ab I nm continuing my Into liui-
Imnd'H buB.ncFS, I wouM nsk for llio
contlnuo*. pntrrnnpo of nil old custom-
ere, nnd ro-.\.ct_ully solicit tho trud'j
of nil.
Best of Rigs and Horses
'' Phone No. 10
F., hold their Knnnal m-Mtlttr. and tra
Mtn hr Dr. Wc.dro la cobmcUod trivial ta fcODlv«rf«ry Ult on (I* lStb
with th*. St. John's Am'dutaaw Auo
Good Health
Aro tiMured If you will clcnniw your
utomnch of undlRculPil food nnd foul
•.neon, the cxc«ii« bile from thn (Ivor
and th* wtite natter from thi. Into*
iln«s and howeta hy thn .i*« nf
th* great fruit, tldney, Hvt-r, itomacb
and bowel rttnedy.
At all dcdlen, 25 and BO cents, or
Th« Pl_r 1*111 Co., Rt, The-tnai, Ont,
void la Fertile _.i McUao's Drag aid
Book. 2.U..O.
The Hotel
G. J. EGRSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Shilohh Gun
JTOPSCOUCKS'.'.'.LT.i:.. P---f &:: ,**-.->
IHV^T-'P ?*"5'";
fr,, .;■
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I.   .   • •
L*>   '
H> ... / .
IJ "   -V
I. *  r** -
\U   ry
II-     >',>■?*,;-
*>,-,        r
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7.V "V
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V;- ■■- *.- -^-s---rt--*Jr:---.:v^ -
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(Continued from page 1)1-
members of: the'House were actuated
by motives that would induce,,them to
vote for the measure if the government did not put their foot on'i_. •
The argument that the legislation
" proposed would drive capital ,away
would not hold good.    "Capital tQ.an
y amount* previously undreamt of was
being invested in the" province, and
one capitalist owner of coalmines had
told him that he would rejoice to
see a minimum wage of $4.50 a day enacted in the province, as that would
place all capitalsts on an equal footing
and many  objectionable features ot
■ competing under prevailing conditions
would.be obviated.
McBride adjourned the debate. In
.previous sessions he has adjourned all
the labor bills at the second reading
and turned them down in a bunch
on the last day of lho session. The
" member who adjourns the debate has
the privilege of resuming it, and, If
ho is not "ready" to resume it he can
ccntinue to adjourn it, thus blocking
anyone else from talking oncthe mua-
s' ' sure.    * .'.-■:
' Brewster resumed- the • debate on
" Bill No. 23,.' and agreement the Province and Foley_■ Welch and Stewart
and the G. T. P. and its branch lines
company, and tbe .same..firm. The
bill forms the chief .Itcra in the government's iailway, policy, and concerns
the guarantee of securities by the Pro-
"  "vinoe.     He considered the route (f *om
Fort St.s George to'the coast) a bet.e;-
one than that provided for in the original C. N. R. bill, but the condition's
of the contract were detrimental to the?
province, and favorable to the promoters. - "The road was over capltaliezd.
, The province guaranteed ..85,000 per
mile and the guarantee extended for
•iO years; as against 30 years in the
original C. N. R. bill."   The total capitalization was ?l_.5,555, per mile, but
k the matter of equipment was not .mentioned,* and thats would run into big
figures.     The capital stock was $25,-
. Q00.000," borrowing powers $60,000 per
mile, and the interest on the bonds
guaranteed by thegoverriment amount-,
."ed 'to   $5,122  per  mile, per   annum,'
-•* which had to be met before any divid-
, end_s_,__svere7paid._____The__.operating_ex_.
,' penses of the <J. N? R? in otter parts
of Canada amounted to' two-thirds of
the gross revenue, and it had to bo a
' very fine road indeed that would cope
with B. C. conditions. The company
was capitalised twice as much; as "the
"best equipped road in the province,
and could not make dividends for the
shareholders. Tho government had
told tho people that they would con-
; trol tbe rates, and then put in the bill
' provisions making it impossible.     It
. was not to bo a portion of tho G.T.P.
and therefore was .riot, subject to the
ruling of the-Transcontlnentai Railway
Commission. If tho rates wero considered excessive and the government
took tho matter to court tho company
would plead that tho capitalization
was so much, intorest so much, and
dividends had to bo paid, tho court
would concodo it all, and; tho rates
would not bo lowered.        **
Tho Attornoy-Gcnernl concluded the
debate, nnd tho bill passed tho second
In tho ovenlng sitting Parker Wll-
Hnms resumed tho dobato on tho socond roadlng of Bill No. 28, providing
, for tho ojefonsion of tho C, N, It. It
was loss than two'yonrs slnco tho original bill oil which tho present ono w<ib
based passod tho Houso. That bill
hnd boon discussed In everything but
Itn truo details during tho election,
nnd tho bucccbr of tho Conservative
pnrty waB such thnt tho opposition was
reduced to three. A groat flonl In
thnt, Bcl-omo did not como to light In tho
"Houso ,nm! nuhwiur>nt Rtudy had not
■mndo It reassuring. Tho bill hnd not
hnd much effect as yot hoyond Homo
activity In conn!ruction, nnd they hnd
lind no opportunity to boo how tho
policy wiih working, hut notwIthBtnnn*.
lng thnt thoy wero being mulled Into
largo nddltlonnl ohllgntloiiR nt tho pro
Mint tlmo, Thoy now renllowl thnt
thoy hn.1 not nilsiwdoratood lho original hill, Tho Atlornoy-Goncrnl hnd
spokon of tho durntlnn of tho bond
Rtmrnnloo na for 30 years but nil (ho
cnlculntlotiB of (ho Conservative press
were bnar-il on lho supposition thnt lt
Involve/l n gunrnntoo for <0 yonr*. Tho
Clausen at. to tho regulation of rates
wero n delusion nnd a snnro.
They hnd ndvnnred no ronnon Tor
doing ho. MelUillHpB hud pointed to
tho "great men" of tho C. N. R. who
■ hnd como to I). C„ Ho might hnvo
»«K. uiu. wey wero accompanied by n
tiAl! nl ..'.<-: A(t-i..<!A(. _.u__y of iiinor
iklnners this r-on'lnent contains. He
had aim. said thnt thvy won*- -Tory
wll known. They wero, thoy hnd
dono ovorybody In Bight.    Thoy wero
-.*.'-•«   ou.   Wi.   t>«(l   JitViSilC*   »i1*-T*th.*,
and If they looked at the altuatlon
from that point it would bo bettor
understood. Ho had no fear but that
tho government would do tholr pnrt.
Vim poller bad bMo treated by the
waller elm, an*! the irovernment wns
tholr Instrument to cary It out , Ho
did not lnfen/1 to rrlMeU.. tho ponlMon
of the Bovenmu'ul It had been ae-
lActa. from tho ablest business men
In order io «rpreas tbo views of tbat
master-class, and why should bo eri-
ttelt* t__*lr woHt frea .b«.r o*ii aUiftd-
wntl    II# would nol if a */., fn vt+w
of th© fact that it had been endorsed
by the people* of the Province. The
government? was carrying- out those
interests "cin the very best possible
form, and manner, and* the Socialists
did not intend, to oppose the present
railway legislation. ,. Sometimes the
Socialist position was. misunderstood,-
and people were mslead by the' press,'
even down to the slightest details, and
that made it difficult to explain their
•.ttLitude to the country.
It might have been pointed "out that
in previous years they had voted ag
ainst railroad bills,-but the cases had^
been different. Socialists were uniformly opposed to the. expansion of
capitalism from tho standpoint that
the conditions in capitallst'countries
were unbearable and expansion acted
as a safety valve for those conditions.
Tho Socialist party, on the other hand,
did not,in "any country (and it was
their uniform policy) oppose the development and concentration of capital,
for that meant that our present form
of civilization would be more openly
developel io ihe highest point; aud
give way to a succeeding form of pro-
gress. * That explained the Socialist
attitude to the legislation .before the
House. It might not be understood
Many people were too careless to go
into those matters. ' As to, progress
under capitalism, it was a well known
scientific truth thai all progress, in
all institutions, and all modes .of
thought depended to a' predominating
extent on the1 various modes of production in different epochs. ^They
had had many' different modes-of production in history, and it was an historical fact that institutions had depended' on the methods of wealth production/ 'Those methods had ,made
necessary' chatte lslavery, the feudal
e> stem and operated today in capitalist
production, and the progress made was
in accordance with the development of
production in every case. Then why
should Socialists oppose that,deve.jp-
mc-in? ' As'to'progress and dev->'._-
ment in ii. C. many talked about prosperity. ,. McPhillips had said that land
would have 'no value' if there were no
railways, but the fact was that' the
working farmer would obtain'no benefit, it woudj all go' to the ■ capitalist
class.     AU 'ben_e_fitl_o_f___prosre'ss____an_l.
prosperity and development accrue to
them. It-meant nothing to. tbe working class, in the last analysis. "With
great development went'great demand
for labor,' but in-.all'countries there
was an ■ increasing surplus of - labor
power, which had reached even to the
city of Vancouver.' The Mayor had
tried to solve the question with a club,
but they would aee'abo'tt that in the
near future. It could not be solved
in that way. If there were no surplus
labor moro wages'would bo demanded
and tho workers would get lt, but now
the surplus was much greater than.was
required for capitalist production, nnd
ovon for it's safety. Capitalism
would' not "bo overtbfawr by the Socla,-
ist movement, so much ashy tho increase of unemployment. Feudalism
fell because it had reached a condition whero It could not provide for tho
majority of tho pooplo depending on it
for existence. In 1901 tho U. S.
Bureau of Lahor had staled that thoro
woro at any given tlmo practically 50
por cont of tho working class unemployed. Lot thnt condition go on nnd
that problem of unemployment would
strnnglo tho capitalist system in splto
of all thoy "could do . Tho factory
gates In tho large cltlos woro besolgod
by workors Iiegglng for work and
bread. As Capitalist production dovo-
loped tho faster thoeo conditions dovo-
loped, until It would bo beyond control.
It wnB nasumod that thoBo railways
would glvo work to tho workors   nnd
that wan true, but the conditions of
tho   lnbor   mnrkot   prevented   thorn
from tnklng   ndvantngo or It,     The
mnrkot wna ovorBtockod nnd tho work-
o:s prevented from gaining nny bottor.
ment  whnttHoevor,     Twenty    yonr-j
ngo bucIi wngcB tin aro now being pn'd
could not linvo boon,    Thoro wnti ne
Bitch qunntlty of mirphiB lnbor thun.
nmi now mon wore willing to tnl-e
JnbR nt any prlco.     Companion had
men nt tholr morcy, nnd jjnvo but a
mluernhlo pltlnnco,    Thoy woro num.
tern of tho Bltuallon, an fnr na Inlior
wop concerned.    In vlow   of   thono
fnctB whnt hono.lt woro thono quo.-
tions of pro»porlty to tho worker*??
Th^y took no InteroBt In thorn, Tchv
bull: tho rondB, the Pullmnn cnni nm!
:>]'. tho rest of It, nnd when thov  ■■.il
fln'Hhf'l had barely enough to rc.ke
(thein  to whoro tboy could  got another job. A Thon. wna no denying tho
JaU, ..ii-ii v.,1) try to huiniiUK Uionv
ached  with  tho  talk of prosperity?
All it rooant was that It -flras n men-
', buio of cMlton.tlon, but nt wlmt a tonr-
I ful nnd borrowing cost!    Nearly hnlf
. *i .ri.i.ir.ii til  .no -wcliking clims were
annually Wiled nnd injured on thia
'continent alone,     Pooplo did    not
caro to think of that tearful rent to
humanity.    Thono things Boomed ne*
ceaiary to dorolopmont under eapl-
tnttnt. prfldnrflrm.    Vo florlalf ,t wanted to go back,     Thoy wanted all
; mnnaTiM of etr"Jfr_,. (on ^<V COuM get
but Ui« 8oflall«.« aald that bettor me-
' tnods eould bo devfsAd, tbat tbey were
bound to como, which would remove
' tb* Urrrtblo coat ta tboM whote labor
|«rc>a.«d tbat deve.frfffl.fi-.  *nd f»re-
FirnMii,     Pp#aJr#»f^i h»ff n)lrtA*ft tiy fn..
Ingenuity of the promoters of the C. N.
R'.,-but'-after, all it was tho working
class' alone" that made their - civillza-'
tion' possible. - "The heads*' of' these
corporations , might be, as wise as
Solomon, but nothing could "be done
without the'brain, bone and sinew of
the workers. '       „   , -„
i Borden had spoken too soon ' two
years ago as to government ownership,
and the capitalists had quickly recalled him to his" proper position. _ Government, ownership meant nothing to
thb workers. From their" standpoint
the cost was just as bad as under'
any other method under capitalism.
The progress of capitalism was based
on competition, which was the leve:
tbat had forced, It on and ■ compeliett
progress. ■ Business men had been
compelled to compete nnrl adopt newer
methods. But the end and culmination of competition was monopoly. The
Liberal pnrty had advocated competition in railways in B. C. - They had
it now, but In a.year or two.tho different companies by agreements and
arrangements will become a monopoly.
When •'that occurred,-'people 'who did*
not understand would say' that the"
only thing left was government ownership. ■ That might, intervene before
common ownership came, but thework
ers would still be wage slaves'with no
Interest' In their work but to "obtain
their, wages.  ,      '"    ''.   .7 '   - 7- •■
Considerable progress had occurred
under capitalism, the world* having advanced more in the,last 200 years than
in 'the previous 50,000 years, but at
a terrible ,'cost,' moi'e particularly to
those upon whose efforts air progress
ls based. ,
Socialism was not based on the ideas
of any one man, be he Karl Marx or
any other, but was a,necessary step'
in .evolution. It had been-*said that
It* intended to destroy and tear, down
instead of .building up, but there was.
absolutely no truth in the accusation.
One could see .the folly of destroying
the' railroad system. It might come
by«revolution,'but it would be in the
natural'order of events, as in, the steps
from competition to monopoly, and
government., ownership, and finally
common ownership of all social necessities.. ';"Then uevery V3.'''.,er would
.have-a,dlrect-iutcfi'.'t—ir-his—woi n— an*.
his daUy "activity would-moan something to hm,.resulting in all his' work.
being good, by inciting him'to his best
Not a rail would be laid or
driven  without  the  worker
'B^dfM^JRCH 2, 1912.
governmerit^'and a. farm jfv the j.ame
time.l*;(i.a.ugji.er.) - If !'at;ianytime
he chose?to-withdraw or was-refused
a nomination^ or was' defeated !by' the
Governmentf (who would-not^stop at
any methoeF.to. do' it) he would, imme-
diately.be under the ne'cessltjf of. looking? for, a j job.r So," undeV.those .circumstances,^ whatever interest he show
ed in .the .welfare of the wageworkers
wag'based .on? his. own^r.material-^Interests, ".as,,-was' the ._.ct_6n-':oit> every
member of - the .House. "';'I_l^th© workers kept; sending other interests to, represent theirs ,they deserved all 7that
they got.,' Vancouver had ^recently
given them the club,* and-they deserv-'
«d it for sending.suchJrepresentatives
to "Victoria. _. (Laughter?) . He' refused
to assume responsibility;for^all the
workers bt.th'e Province, but'he" did
for'those'of-Newcastle district, for he
expected to, find himself among them
agalh.some time*. t -If the member.for
Newcastle' was1 fortunate*.enough-to
get the nomination he had a very fixed
opinion that the govefnment.would do
anything'to leave him" at homo.'
Tho Premier had- said his railway
policy hnd resulted in' giving work
to many, in B. C. Atyhe time the
proposal'came into existence there
were a certain number of workingmen
in B. C. whom it > would" '.benefit."
When the'government by Its immigration policy had. doubled their numbers
what, became of the ."beerifit"? -If
the government was going to claim
consideration from the workingmen it
must show how-it had benefited them.
That could not be done by doubling
their numbers by accessions from all
parts of the world? • But for that .the
workers on tlie ground, could\ by shortening their hours of labor or increasing their. wagW have -beenfitted, but
now they owed nothing to the government. That was the side of the argument that the government lost sight of
at all points.""'* \„    ,      ,'?'   '"■
If the-section under discussion Vas
par,t' of the, contract and could not be
made to include'a minimum wage how
about other sections that the Premier
was willing' to,'11 alter. The government's position was impossible..
The member for Newcastle resumed
the adjourned debate on supply on Saturday, Feb."24,' at 10 a.m."* He explained .that owing to the government
having kept the opposition "busy? by
the introduction, of 8 to 10 important
bills,'some of.which were long ones
the government had made it impos-
sible,-by their haste, for the opposition
to perforin its function. . That haste
surely indicated that there was' something wrong in .the business. . The opposition had'endeavored to do its^best
in tbe way, of criticism, but, they .were
limited in numbers' in the performance
a • spike
being conscious that it was for his
benefit. ^Applying that to everything
else it* could be seen what'progress
would take place when every man had
a direct interest ln industry, thus mak-'
ing it to his-material Interest to do
his best. ■ Great progress would then
be mado in every direction. Some
said it was a dream, but they did, not
give inattention or study. They" might
think that tholr material lntercsts',lay
ln presont conditons,. but it would
arrive ns purely as night follows day.
The end wns practically in sight, nnd
If not Socialism,'ot least Socialist administration of government will obtain In every great country beforo
many years, Civllzntlon undor Social-'
Ism will not bo at the expense of thb
sweat and blood of tho workorij.
That wna tho position of ho Interna-
tlonnl Socialist party. Tho Socialist
puny in thnt House would not opdoso
tho development nnd concentrntlon of
cnpital, for' lt would give a mens'iire
of civilisation, but thoy woro looking
forward to gronter things, possible
without tho necessity of nny suffering
on the part of the workers, and hoped
It would como.     (AppInuHo.)
Whllo ono of tho railway bills wns In
commltteo on Friday/ nftornoon the
mombor for NowcuBtlo suggested to
tho Premier that tho "current wngb"
clause bo removed nnd a minimum
wnge substituted thorofor, ns bolng
more definite nnd not auhject to ovns-
Ion. Tho Premier replied thnt tho
contrnct could not now bo nlterod, but
If Pnrker Williams could devise,, n
moro donr provision ho would bo
plonnoil lo conBdor It, nnd thon proceeded to nccuBo the mombor for Now.
cnntlo of poalng ns tho only ono who
had tlio Intoroflts of tho working man
nt honrt, with nn oyo to getting bnck
to tho TIoubo nftor the elections. Ab
a matter of fnct tho govornmont wns
ns much n labor government ns a bunl-
noB« mnn'H, nnd probably moro sincere.
Pnrker Wllllnms retorted that bo do-
Hired less thnn nny mombor to pose
ns the friend of nil workngmon, or
thnt Iho reproBontntlon of labor rest-
od of right on his own shoulders.
Whon ho ennio Into tho House In IM!..
after tho noaalon ho went bnck to
viotk in tlio conl mines for two years
until the bottom fell out of hla job,
owing to his activity In connection
with tho Eight Hour UIU for conl
miners, nnd then ho hud to take up
ivMioua other vci.ia._ona. Th© AHor-
boy General had referred to blm moro
thnn oneo aa a "prosperous farmer"
nr.rl would bav« them nsaume thai It
vn* *, very profltablo occupation, but
a man wbo started maklni- a living
nnt nt fM httnh on Vancouver Island
bad a job on bis hands. After coming
to the House be had to follow wan*
earning, and If tbe governmont would
bo good onoukb to leave blm at hlmo
aftei; th* elecilona-flstigbtort—b*.
would bare to look for a job In a
__.tm.ha' time. Ttinl was wb»l a raan
g»t hy trflng fo Iwp nn «y,j ott tbo
ofltfielr^auty,' ^ "Notwithstanding 'that
fact, .well known- to the government
party, one of .the three opposition had
very,often to'follow another, and the
attitude of. indiffejrence of the Conser-,
vative'-party'"amounted to discourtesy.
When that' pa'r,ly,?with a membership
of 39 out of, a' house of 42 members
could not find.'a man to take up the
government's position or any of its
bills,„there was something badly lacking. ■    •v    -y    '
y To 'any criticism the ministers replied by pointing out tho, result of the
election in the Province nnd Dominion,
quoting as a kind'of-Monroe'doctrine
that justifed aiid explained all their
actions. But tbe strength of the government in tho, Houso bore no rein-
ton to Its strength.ln tho country. Tho
Dominion electionsvb.adi"apJbearl__g;on
the House. ''■ \\ The. Conservative?party';
vote in- the las'tVProvipcial erections'
had'been about_53,000,^8'a'gainst'if.-I
for the opposition;*', dnthatjbasis they?
(the Conservatives)1 ought'to Save, had'
22' members- iii'..the "House,*'* and" their'
large' majority was'-onry^ncldentalCto
the .scheme of political .representation.'5
That great silent •majority*'vas,"supposed to be a sufficient-answer tp'any-
thing and everything.'7. it" reminded
the speaker,of Lord Cardigan's Light
Brigade: Their's npt'*to;.reason?.w_iy.;
their's not tb make reply"-'their'sbutto,
do and die," and that*.was exaictly why
they were there-^-just'to-walk up.arid'
votein support of thegoyernment/and
nothing else was" the-functionj'of that
great majority,   . Twenty, of'the'Conservative majority .had "not contributed
one lone idea to legislation In tbe.last
three years.    That was a crime to the*
best interests of the people'who: sent
them there.   * (The speaker called himf
to order;- he must not speak disrespectfully of members' of - the House.)
When those 20 members withdrew after tbo session they would leave.no
trace1" behind them,,.but,,their signature in the financial department, "(The
Speaker .again objected.)     The mem-'
ber for Newcastle then took up the understanding   between , Brewster, • and
himself .as"to'„the,moving.'of ?rcsolu-.
tions.?   The former had appealed'tothe Premier to suspend the, rules for
his benefit, * and  had . been  refused.
He  (the speaker)  thought  the? best
way was tp give Brewster all the/rope
he needed,? on'the principle* that'tie
would be hung when' he/had finished,
and so he had offeredTco second, anything he,needed.-", If-the Premier had'
consented to, suspend the, rules in that
particular he; would  not have 'been"
under the necessity of doing'so, and
because he did so be brought the Premier down on his head.  The. Premier's'
manner 'sometimes .'gave .the impression that he'desired to,"throttle;,all
discussion or investigation, and on the"
first occasion that'offered had endeavored to place-him (the speaked)' in
as "false'a position as possible, as'if
he.dStood  for Brewster's  fake ideas."
Iri the.naturo of things'it'was.necessary ttiat what, the Premier said would
reach farther than what he said, and
,the report was' passed on that the j
member, for Newcastle was endorsing
Brewster's views,  arid?changing, his'
own. "; When he  (McBride),-'did; that!
his .action?.was altogether too''small"
for the important position he*occup_ed.'
He (McBride) had endeavored to read
him out. of-the Socialist party,{ but
that party _was not ln. the, keeping.bf
any one'man, and there, was Hot a man
in B. ,C.' able to * read hiin out of.'it?
When' the Attorney-General ..answered
criticism .'he -went straight for it,', and*
.} ->»*4 *.-.
Mrs." _?,- Jennings;^ Prcp'rietress':;
Syyy^''':.-; *  yy*"::'^
; T?Rates $1.5Cra_id upS;
'*   .' A'   ,   . '    -   „■» ,        *    -""-   . »tl'*'
■,,-":.y,Hot .and.Cold-Water ^,v_!:
'7y ;';t Electric "lighted "?■,'' y',;'
:") /^Steam'^Hisatedyy, ".'-.'• "■?;
].'S 'Phono ih- every' room.7 .
y'7-i--Sarnple, Rooms on. Main -
-?.•" ' 7 ,,y Business Street' - .7-
i      (j. **    ■"     *, -   ■ ^     ■* y      ■» f l
1 ' y **       "   -l ■■    •-*' *
!U Meal Mckets, $6.00   .
.Special RatesTby the weekend '
,■ the.'month and to Theatrlcalpar- ,
ties.". Try our*.'.'1  " 7,. ""..
• • ' - ***' „ '.-,   -, v   -, -.»,- ,   j,
'i> . .'    . * *_■■-      --,     ; i   *   ^  -
Special S uriday
r   DinhenSOc
The  finest. of" Wines,. Liquors
arid Clgara served by, competent »
and obliging wine clerks.   •
.fc7JOHN*BARBER, D.O.S.^L^DS"^   y,
v.-V- -v7-&-> .•*DENTIST4;\^yA>"*^v;-y., ' *-?•
-. •-.*'*' ■ ;7v?:    :- 7.:." .=" iC ■ y:■ 7-^;=>;. '^> J- Vj. .■ ""- *
v.™*-.!'*...!:: j '_"   .i«.l_,.*'.V«U'ii«r an' •--.   "■''
Office:? Heiidersen"Block, Fernie,. B.C?
''e.f^-.'fhlburs:' 8^36rteV.17'2/tti 5.'V' ;V i;-"^,
vV,Residence;721, YictolV'Aventte,*.^' .->
v\ ■* \v»' -   1-   ' -*s,    "    t_   , >.  fl %   'y*       ■»/'"'«    I        * N
'   ' • ' K ——^—^-^— ;y..f   >
: . :.
7" '^Barrlster-at-Law, Sblfcltor,, ,* \ '•'■'..
~-*rx .y '   -■-" - " - .-' -' "■ --*"    . . *'  "i -"■
*,   ---*'   ..-■■.,   > :   -_,..  ,.r,     ;\.  -   -       -.'  ''-,','-■   i.  •
-u  '^t?   .-    .        -.     -"'..   - ,'    - -   .:' t- . -•..    •' ftl.*j
F. C.7 Laws'
Alex. I. Fisher"
*,' ATTORNEYS    -
Fernie) B.7C;:
y■■* L.nH. .PUTNAM >-. *-r'f,
".---,. "■ > ji   ■     .
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
' - -    __ o
then dodged round, it,as gracefully.as
a lady in a'ballroom/but the Premier
used' different methods.'' He built up
a position of his own as being .that
occupied by his opponent, and'then'pro
ceeded tb demolish;It: That.'was the
process .used in endeavoring'to read
blm'(,the speaker) o'ut.'of the,Socialist
party for having * supported Laurier.
It was needless to say that there was
no justification itor that statement by
the Premier. 7   ^  ■
■" *   n
The rimn'who shifted his neighbor's
landmarks had many-things called
down' on his head ln the "good old
Book." , As long as anything ,in line
with common* action with Brewster
was concerned, he'would take It, as
long ns ho did not compromise' himself
with tho Socialist party by doing so,
Driven to Despair
By There8a„Malkiol.
. "Shoot if you willi" shouted a young
woman, unbuttoning hor Bhnbby coat
nnd facing the threatening mllltla mon.
The womnn In quostlon did not belong
to nny gang of desperadoes, not oven
to tho nrmy of unfortunate stroot walk-
ore. Sho wnsnn honoBt, hard-working womnn who hnd spent tbo best,
yonrn of her llfo In tho woolen mills of
Lawronco, Mass,
At tho ngo of 12' she obtnlned work
thoro nt $4 por week.' Sho worked un-
tu sho wno 20 and succeeded ia receiving $1 moro per week thnn whon sho
first stnrtod. , 'About thnt tlmo, nho
foil In lovo with a bright young follow
who worked nt hor sldo for tho snmo
wnge—".B per welc.',,
Tho two hnd struggled nnd suffered
nil tholr llfo nnd novor boforo known
whnt lovo nnd dovotlon meant. Tho
now bliss which enmo to them during
tho long weary hours at tho loom trims
ovep moro than in tlio metropolis. Tho
wages remained stntlonnfry—$10 for
tho two evenly divided- ?5 por week
for tho husband and ,5' per week for
tho wlfo.
Tlio woman of, 25 had by'this tlmo
lost hor health, hor youth, hor vigor.
Ton hours dally nt tbo loom and tho
benrlng of four children mt tho'Bnmo
tlmo, tho bomo drudgory during, the
long hours of tbo night, have nil combined to ruin ber body, 'to undormlno
her health.
Not A cent, not a farthing, could she
nllow herself for medicine or medtcnl
advice—It nil bad to go for rent nnd
brond, I3vory cent wns weighed nnd
considered boforo It was Bpont, Her
brain whb conslnntly employed nt tho
problem of mnklng ends moot. Sho
could not see hor bnblos hungry.
Hut tlio billion dollnr compnny enrod
nol for nit tliln. Whon It ao cboso It
iBBiicd ,nn edict for a cut In wnges
formed tholr wholo existence, Tho sun ,jvl.Inl. meant to tho poor struggling mo-
shone brighter through tho dirty mill thor 45 conts por week for self nnd bus-
windows, tho conrao food tn«t«d,sweot.. bnnd,
or, tho hnrd pillow folt Boflnr^-wbnt j How could she glvo up 4R cents of
wonder thnt thoy hnd In tlmo Joined tho llttlo sho hnd? It meant moro suf-
their lot—to work, nuffor, oxlst nnd, Jferlng for her babies and for tholr
If posslblo, dlo together. jsnko she would rnther dlo,    Sho facet
From thb mill thoy wont to tbo mln- tho cruel militiamen unflinchingly. Sho
inter nnd tho noxt morning back to tbo , has nothing o loso—If sho dies tho
mill together. Ten, dollars for two ! state will perhaps enro for her child-
wont much further thnn IB for ono: It! ran. If alio pwi. oti n* the flrfniA mt«
beenmo n bit easier to llvo. nut bo- • as tho compnny wonts her to alio. In
fore tho your was ovor, whllo tho - doomod to soo them wither ono nftor
Souns wife wnn nt tbo loom, a baby girl. tho othor.   < ,
"fy  ^ V   -*-...   <y-,r  j   :<f>   ,y     y--     •,'*
* ,. '     v< *      -      •      i\ v , *■ y^   *   ,
Is NpW Opened
Clean, Cosy- and. very
. - y    -Inviting-v;
-Just the place after the '
.-. show or from the rink.
Fredl Armstr6ng,:
.,/.   " -. ', * Proprietor • , -," 7.- /
A. McDougall, Mgr
•• \
Manufacturers of arid Deal-
7eps in allldrids of Rough  -
l   k    l:, /*- * ">• s    -   .   S'        ,'  r
.. and Dressed,Lumber,7 I
1     y  *7\ ,      1*
7   - -: y- 7" ''* -'.'r j  '
Send us^your ordiers
Bar supplied'with-the  best Wines',*"
, , Liquors and Cigars,
W. MILLS,,  . -    \        Prop
Large Airy Rooms.&
Good Bbard:
Ross & Mackay !s
Nowhere In tho Pass, can ba
found In such a display of
Wo havo tha best money
can buy of Beaf, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Dutter,
Bgga, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Dacon" Lard. Sausagea,
Weinera ond Bauer Kraut,
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phona 66
was born to ber, Mother and child
woru carried to tho ono dingy room
which the two called home. The doc
tor, iho h>\\< dolicaeloi and a fow other
Incidentals drained tbelr pockets,
drove thorn Into debt.
A week later, 0 a.m., tbo yonng
mother llflc.1 hor ahlvorlnx Infant and
carried It off to a neighbor, where, in
company -..111. twenty ottw-.s, fo» tbe
aum of io cents It wm carod for by aa
old wuuuu,
In five yoara .tb* flnt baby was
Joined by throe other brother* an-9
alaterc. Thoy all wanted food: tbey
needed clothing; they bad to U eared
for la tone way or otter. TIm.
<wt of Kvlutf, wctut uo tu I__.ii.«aca
Tbo fato of this mother Is tho rato
of 10,000 other mothora In lawronco—
they flKht for tho l.rr-i... that th« rirb
oompnny is trying to wring from tlio
mouths or the bablos. Dy Its cruet
treatmont tbo mill owning company
hflis drlvon them to dospalr.
WA8IHNQTON. , Feb. , W.~Tb«
UiM'Mi wont uu i«conl today favoring
the adoption or the eight-hour day
on all rovemment works when a provision for aticb a limitation of the
hours labor waa placed on tbe appropriation for tb« nanoftetaM of irajv
meat fa Uu. ariaj. fo*.U(ki.Uc»i.» bill
Second Hand
Victoria Ave., Fernie
All kinds of
Household Furniture
Stoves, Tools, etc. „
Bought and Sold
G. Radland   Fernie
Bar, Unexcelled
.All White Help
'; Up-to-date
*■• t>. , y
' i -. i  -,
Gall in and
see us once
P. Carosella
'Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots ond Shoes
- Gents' Furnishing?
Heard Local General Teamsters No,
141. Moots ovory Friday night at
8 p. m. Minors' Union Hnll. W.
A Worthlngton, ProsldMit: E. J.
Good, Bocrotnry.
Bartenders* Local No. 014: Meota ind
nnd ,th Sundays nt 2,00 p.m. Eecre
tary 3, A. Qouplll, Waldorf Hotel
Oladatone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Mo**.* flnrt nntl *th Thiimrttiw ...(tin**
Union hnll.  Thos. Uphill, aoo.
Typographical'Union No. 555' Meets
Inst Saturday in each month at tbo
Lodgor Office. A. J, lluckloy, Boo-
w«i'.*t r<_.t*.»« Cas*. if &. t*. v. C. ii.wn.*
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.46 p.m. Ererybody welcoma. D.
Pntoii, Secrotary-TrcAsuror.
United Orotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners,—Local 1220. D. J. Brans,
President; F. II. 8.iaw, Secretary.
IS.   W.   WIODOWgON, Assaycr and
Chemlat, Bex O tiot, N.Urtn. It. a
yh»r«M>-qold. BlJvsr, Lead er CopMr,
•sen. _ aold-siiver. or Bllv.r-Wsd.
. _ M. r»1t*« tat eti.tr r.i.t».s; c»il,
utmtnL rfreetsy Mialraee on appTtea*
' "" CU4U.K. aw_4y (.tut*
* s it*.
,   mM' Is.
j-"--. -i•
' yl'y
J-. :*■"
Ra^td /Ad^
V;. £i:_P^
;'^.^T7-.'yFuitire :$wgfci;A'f'^'\:''~^}
. ■
w).    y". •-.;,-      - - - yy
7y •'.■ By, Caroline "A, Lowe J /.- 7\ ^
(General Corerspondent Women's' Na-
.    ■     -  , ■' .:tibnal Committee.),  ,.     ■ *,,;
7"   it is difficult txTfbrm an estimate of
1 " the results ;ofy he-special, agitation
. among.women.that the Socialist party
; "has been carrying.on during'the past"
„ ,'eig__teeh",m6_ithsy .""-'  ,'y.     n '"'" *•
*"\. W« have been unable to get complete
? -information regarding? the - number' of
women members of the party ■ or the
number-of women's committees,'  al-
'.though several times letters have been
sent to the state and1 local secretaries
asking them to secure this information
.   and urging each local to "elect a wo-
man's committee. '.'*-.
, A very 'small percentage of the secretaries complied,.with;the request. ' It
is roughly estimated, however, that the
women*constitute one-tenth of'the entire membership   -,.',,
'■   About 250 circular.letters were sent
,   out requesting answers to certain ques-
' tions?   .Thirty-five replies have  been
received..   A summary of the' work
-  done by the women in these thirty-five
,  locals shows remarkable activity.  But
. noisummary, in dollars;and centB can
meakture the' actual results.-of ■ their,
-Vwork.:    It. represents an educational
growth that ls preparing many thousands bf women and young girls to enter Intelligently into the class strug-
gle and work side by side with their
;   brothers In winning the .emancipation
of the working class.   '
"..The summary of,the reports.from
these,thirty:flve committees show that
the locals have a combined member-
, -ship of 1,677 wjomen. ^ '    7 7,*.' ,-:.-
*.  v During the year 1911 these committees  held  860  meetings.   This? does
not acocunt for all of the women's
meetings . held, even in ' these thirty-
five' places,     in the New York' and
Chicago reports only the largest and
most important meetings were recorded, y Meetings' held ' by.Hhe women
members, in the^ Individual branches
' were not reported, for either of these
Cities.   .-       . '..?',-:'
■During 1911 and the latter part of
71910-these committees through their
own efforts .raised nearly $10,000, or.
to be-exact, $9,740.09.-. .This is ex-
• elusive of the money-they helped to
raise,in the regular, work bf the local-
$5,893.96 were raised for strike, bene-,
yfits,_I8_66.50___,for-_campaign funds,-
., $529.94 for the support:bf the Socialist
- press,' $337.35 for assisting In the fur-.
Miishing . of .local   headquarters,' and
, •' $214.93 were spent for, special literature for women. .,
■ ; When we realize that $10,000 was
raised by, the women in only thirty-
1 .'five out of.the four thousand Socialist
* locals in the United States we can begin to appreciate that from a financial
* standpoint, if from no other, it is Important to enlist' the women ln tho active work as members of the party. -
. In ten of these' cities-—thoso large
. enough to require tho' assistance of
the women—they -\were . at the' polls
serving .as watchers; and an clerks.'
They, also seryed^aB registration clerks
and in Los Angeles'went from house to
house, Instructing ■ the women hoV to
vote.-', * •'''"-. ' * ■ ? '• •"-.'' ' '.""' .'*'
°r During the shirtwaist, strike In New
York an dthe garment "workers'strike
in Chicago, Socialist women addressed
their meetings, did picket service and
assisted in every way possible.
•  -       ■*■ '-     i - - f
- The women not only fold and stamp
the literature, but .they go, out with
the men comrades and distribute it
from door to door.. They form themselves ln squads and sell lt at meetings
or distribute it free, at. the doors bf
factories and stores. Over 500,000 leaf
lets, besides hundreds of. copies of
tho Progressive Woman have been distributed in this way.
, When women enter into any movement they take the children with
them. -Four of our large .cities reported excellent work being done am-,
ong the children."    y-        ' . ",
New. York,has-, "several, Socialist
schools. - -Lessons are'prepared by May
Wood-Simons, "Edith? O.-.Bre!.hut and
others. 7 The New York schools Vare
experimenting with, these lessons,' and
if they are a, success they^will be published and put in. general use throughout the ..country for next year.s .work?
The demand for material.for Socialist
schools is constantly on the increase,
and by ^another year >a *> systematic
course of lessons should be ready for
use. .y t, ,-,-   y   ,7
Rochester, N? Y., has a sphool with
an 'average attendance.,of 200 .pupils.
Los Angeles, Cal.,-reports a.splendid
school, which they call" a Socialist ly-
ceum. .     -     . ■>.'     ?,  "'" ,7-
Bridgeport," Conn.,?has ah anti-boy
scout organization with .a membership
of, 39 boys. St "Louis, Mo., has an
organization of boys which they have
named the Universal Scouts of Freedom. They are organized by wards as
a part of the work, of the- ward
Tbey. also made their Influence felt
by supporting union labor in the stand
lt took against the boy scouts on the
occasion of President Taft's visit to St.
Louis.'" •', y..    . „, '''-'''■
It.has taken but a year.and a half
for; the women   to " demonstrate, the
£-ri*ftt._vfllnAinff_ fhcilf>_Ai.o,fin1vA,t_*k#f/ii.**,-
in the work of-the Socialist; party.
The Socialist party realizes as .never
before the absolute necessity of reaching the women with the message of
Socialism. - The national committee
and the national, office are sparing no
effort and no expense in. educating
tbem to an understanding of their class
Interests and in bringing them into the
party as dues-paying members, having
the same duties' and the same responsibilities as the men,
Not only are they educating the women they are losing no opportunity to
teach the men members^ of the party
the senseless futility and the* criminal
ignorance bf one-half .of tbe7wbr_£_ng
class, striving tb'free itself ifbrn ?Blay-?.
ery: while leaving the* .'other- .halfc'-i'
bondage. ' Women and men, not divided ixipon a basis bf sex, but 5,unlted
upon, a basis of working .class sblid-
CTity.are a necessary part of the working "class, program. 7.7... ;-"*• *
"As an Important step in - abolishing
this sex division and in making "possible complete working class unity,?" the
Socialist party is now circulating. a
monster petition addressed.tb the senate and house of representatives "of the
United States? It says: "We; the under
signed citizens bf the United \ States,
over 21 years of age, hereby; request
you to submit to the legislatures of the
several states for ratification", an, amendment to the national constitution
which, shall enable women to? vote In
all, elections upon the same terms as
men."      .,','•        "„'/'•
About 100,000 copies of the petition
have been sent out to all of the Socialist locals, thousands bf labor organizations) to women's organizations , and
to every source from which it waa
believed signatures could be secured,
- On woman's day, Sunday, Feb., 25,
lt is expected that many large meetings will be held, and at these meetings tens, of thousands should, be
ings ot tens. of thousands. should be
asked to sign the petitions.      y •'•
These are but a few, of the details of
the work done by, the'various woman's
committees, it is Impossible to,, give
them all in one or even two articles.
COAL.CONSUMED AT. . ;      '
United .States .Activity    In.  Gauging
Possibilities Resulting From'
'        /Canal
Some instructive information on the
world's consumption of bunker coal
was contained ln a special pamphlet
on the subject, issued a few days ago
at Washington*.".-, The suggestion that
the -opening; of ,:the Panama Canal
may render feasible the establishment
of-a station for supplying coal from
the mines of the United States to vessels bf the world lends Interest to the
statement, which estimates the amount
of coal consumption-at sea "as reaching
approximately 75,000,000 tons per annum, valued at over $250,000,000. '      '-"
But this is also of especial interest
tb Canada,.and particularly ,tb; British
Columbia, ln .view, of.the vast wealth'
of coal deposits In" the province, which
coal, it 'may confidently be anticipated
VV.I11 %LT. £nMltA*_.«n]Alt«jJ.1..., .a_.»_L
- A _,_-rwe— €_.- *rei;- *:aj^ii.i iku—u_--(-ns&sGn-
of the increase of trade generally on
the Pacific Coast; -.',,,
. It Is not possible to determine exactly the. quantity used by the merchant marine and the navies of the
.world, owing * to the' fact that com
paratively few countries state in separate terms the amount:-supplied to
vessels for" their, own consumption? or
for bunkering purposes. The statistics bf the United States show about
9,000,000 long tons furnished to vessels * at ocean -ports to be placed in
bunkers for their own ubc while the
British reports indicate that some 20,-
.,„,_ i'ATT
j.   r;i_iit
000,000 long-^tons^are sold to-ehlps
in the foreign trade;7 and 2,500,000
tons to vessels In the;c6as_wlse trade.
, .This would make lor" the two gnfat
coal ?producing nations of the,world
a-total of more, than 30,000,000 tons"
supplied directly for-"bunkering"-purposes; but; in addition, a. very considerable percentage of the coal sent but
of Great Britain as exports passes to
pbrtB and stations ln" various parts
of the world, from which it is finally
taken by vessels for fuel use.
While th€re are no means of ascertaining the share of American coal
shipments which become vessel supplies, aside' from that actually reported as bunker coal and not, included
in the export statement, it is quite
probable that a considerable proportion'of the coal from the United States
passing, to the" West' InSian Islands
and-theacoast of Mexico is used for
vessels fueling. Consequently, the estimate of an-' annual consumption of
75,000,000 tons- seems conservative
when there are added the more than
2,000,000 tonB supplied by the Japanese mines to ships engaged in the foreign ";rade, the 1,000,000 tons obtained
from Australia, approximately 1,000,000
tons furnished by India, the Natal coal
output, together' with the estimated
consumptlon'of about 3,000,000 tons by
the navies of the world.
Who puts the.chalk,in baby's milk-
Then fawns before the wealthy bilk '
To dress his poodle dog in silk? ■-,
- '„' King'Profit!
Who hears the hungry piglet's cry,
And guards its health with, "jealous
• *y*y~,y- -y     ' ; -
But let's the poor man's children die?
*-     -"7 -     •  "7   '.' '      .King Profit!
*    ..'-■*'-,,    ..,       ' ' ' ^,"
Who kneels before' each golden stack—
The nchargesat the.humble,shack,_
To ride the poor to hell and back?
'..■I;/.-.'      King Profit!
Who .prompts those   vague   Judicial
'•     ' dreams, 'tt ."*
That court hands down when justice
■   seems    7 ,
In leagues with many thrifty schemes?
' ^',-       King Profit!
Who legislates the'debts that bind
The future toil1 of mankind—
To keep tbem"may, years behind?
-'.,', King Profit!
Who saddled' China with a debt' >'? •
That unborn Chinks might' not for-
"get,7 .- v   •'
The "Golden Calf" Is with us yet?   '
yy.yy-- .   Kingpront!
Who is it willturn up his toes
When every man and woman knows
That debt is-"dad" to half our woes?
"     ' y King Profit!
LEHIGH, Okla., Feb. 26.— Wtih- the
exception of nine men, all of the miners at work in mine No. 5 of the Western Coal Mining Company,' when fire
broke out In the mine Thursday, are on
roll call today. Eight bodies bave been
Advertisers use the Ledger
tl ■ ,
The .biggest, best and brightest weekly, paper published in
the Crow's Nest Pass District.
•    Has the largest paid-up subscription list.
Covers a field having a Monthly Pay Roll of over a Million
Dollars and is ovor increasing.
As an  Advertising medium it has no equal in the field it
covers—it reaches the workers; they are the people.
If you are out to increase your business; to mako your
sales smash all records then attach your namo to a District Ledger
.■ ' ' ■ ' *
Advertising contract and watch results.
Better do it right now and get good position.   This will
hot n w-nwlovfiil growing yonr in tho wost.    Qet your goods befor
the new corners—The District Ledger will help you.
•y  , .i
Address all communications to
FBRNIB, B. C.    '
"/Is murder murder?     That Is the
question. '/
- Roosevelt says -it is. ,"
. -We say "that" it depends .'upon the
incentive and .the perpetrator."
.' Mine , operators, .'mill, factory . and
sweatshop .owners, and. rail way cor-
porations can, to roll' up' profits, murder thousands every year arid go unpunished—it is not^murder.
If a workingman,-smarting under oppression and wrong, in attempting to
rectify., the, wrong, takes life, he is
punished—because' that ls murder.
Since the McNamaras were sentenced, thousands" of" men,. women and
children,-have been murdered in factories, .mills,? mines and on railroads
for profit, and no effort ls made,to'
punish the guilty ;no investigation is
ordered by the. President or. by Congress, y.
Why this difference? '     .
Because capitalists control our government ln all its branches.       _
It used to be wrong to kill a chattel slave, because he represented so
many dollars ot capitalist Investment.
It, is not wrong to kill a wage slave,
because he does notrepresent anything
but himself, hiB family and tho two or
three thousand dollars Invested in him
by his parents. The capitalist has
not. invested a cent in'him—and that
makes all the difference. , ,
, We are told that the < oiirts hand out
justice to all alike; but Justice is represented- as blindfolded—and we
think she is If-she cannot see any
difference' In the treatment; of the poor
and .Mcb in the courts and judgments
meted out tb them.
In short, Uncle Sam,, you are the
blggest-llar, hypocrite and all-round
humbug^on the face of the earth today. ..You pretend to protect the
workers In their natural rights to life,
liberty.and.the pursuit of happiness,
wh'le'>cu connive with capitalism to
oppress, rob and murder them by
wholesale." *,"
, Why _ don't you Investigate ' these
mine, railroad and\other disasters?
The most stupid toller In the land
knows It ■ is because every government department Is dominated by dollars.; ? "* - ■v; y '*'" ■ *,' ■, .'
- And this Is'why we are going to enthrone, humanity.
, Socialism jWlll make man more precious tnan gold. y.    ]•'*'•
7 It Is written and will be accomplished.—Social Advance,'■ -
In tbe factory," the mill, the workshop, the mine, the .farm', etc., each
producer is, so'.to speak, a cog in one
of the wheels of a complex system.
The stopping of one of these wheels
affects, the mechanism of the particular .branch bf Industry Iii' which It belongs, and in'some cases of all other
branches. Economic production has
become a social function. It has-passed completely out of the hands of the
individual as an Individual. At the
same, time, while the exchange of the
product has also passed out of'the
control of the Individual producer himself, it has not passed into.that ot the
collective body of producers'as ln tho
nature of things it ought, but rather
Into the hands of other individuals
who nro for the most part In no way
concerned with tho process of production ns such, but who possess and control, the land,' machinery, etc, 1. o., the
conditions of production.---E. Bolfort
lt may be Interesting at this tlmo to
quoto a portion of the constitution nnd
bylaws of District Association No. 6 of
tho Western Federation of Miners,
having jurisdiction ovor nil tho metnll-
forouB minors throughout British Columbia: "Artlclo V., Sec. 8.: Locnl
unions affiliated wltb District Association No. C, Western Podorntlon of
Minors, shnll tnko united political action nnd endorse llio principles nnd
pint form of tlio Soclnllnt Party of Canada." Thon for tho edification1 or tho
McConnells and other montnl dwarfs
nnd npolofrlBli! of posthumous political
pari too of tho ruling clnss, It might bo
mentioned thnt tho preamble of the
Western Federation of MlnorB* International rfiulH ob follows: "Wo hold
thoro In a clans strugglo In society nnd
Ihls Htmgglo Is cnuwri hy economic
conditions. Wo affirm tho economic
condition of tho producer to ho thnt
ho Ih exploited of tho wonlth whlrh ho
proilucoH, being nllowod to retain barely sufficient for bis elomontnry necessities, We bold thnt tbo class struggle
will continue until tho producer l«
ro-ORnlzad nn tho solo mnntor of tho
product. Wo nnsort that tho working
c]n?<i nnd lt nlbno, enn nnd mum
nc.lilovn Its own emnnolpntlnn. Wo hold
finally, thnt.an Industrial union nnd
■1    . .  ..i. f . fui   i     n     -»   -it
«h».k      ts...-  '   ,  .L»,      4'*/.,ft«V%4,      »«_.*./»,      k.* ....
v nre 'wnrVcrn, l« the only methtvl r,.
nttnlnlng tbla end.* Therefore, wo
w.tgi. Hlnves, employed In nnd nround
tho mines .mills, smeltem, tunnels,
open pits and open cuts, hnvo asRoclat-
r,A  1>,  ffc/i Wf»»t/>',«  y?r,Hr.rnl\rir\   ef  Mln.
ers." All of wblo hla respectfully submitted.—Vancouver World.
Vi,H -     ,-r-v.i. ,
' .■: - %
Made from grape Cream of Tar»
tars absolutely free from alum,
. ** - 1
.Foir   sixty years  American   housewives have found Dr. Price's Cream
Baking Powder a guarantee of light,
pure and wholesome food
The Pot Calls
The Kettle Black
It Ib amusing to note the wrangling
forgotten how Sir Richard's ^annuity
that is constantlyn going on-between scheme was born. There was a healthy
the Conservative and Liberal newspapers. It Ib the case of the-pot calling the kettle black. What they have
to quarrel "about goodness only knows,
as they are both'upholders of the capitalist system, and are out to exploit
the producer. An instance in case
is' that of the Montreal Star, one „ of
the most rabid of .Conservative sheets
who takes Sir'Richard Cartwright to
task for certain statements in which
he didrnot speak iri.the most-laudatory of the working; man. The
Star all of a sudden jumps Into the
fray and takes the workingman's part.
How kind! Montrealers know, full
well the value and the sincerity of the
highest order. The article ln question reads: ■ ,   _
' "Sir Richard Cartwright, once a Liberal but lately a.senator, delivered a
speech in the senate yesterday-in defence of his pet "annuities scheme,"
which took a-tone" toward the working
men of Canada that we venture to say
has seldom been heard in this country
since tho days of the Family'Compact,,
The high torylsm of that time had,
most of us thought, pretty well vanished; and lt ls more curious than important to hear a belated echo o. it
today from what Is nominally known
as the "LIboral" sldo of the senate.
"But tho echo was quite distinct. Sir
Richard, while "prepared* ln the most
patronizing manner, 'to do Justice to
the virtues displayed by many of the
working classes,' felt bound to say that
ho 'still thought a great many of thb
working class are unhappily grossly
Improvident and. 8 great many aro in
tho habit of expending on tholr personal Indulgence sums which, If properly used would put them far beyond
want ln their old ago.'
"Quito so, It la, of course, the 'working classes who nro chlofly conspicuous for 'expending sums on personal
Indulgence.' Tho Inborlng mnn Blmply
must hnvo his motor enr to tnko him
to work In tho morning; and his pampered wife cannot got nlong with less
thnn throe norvnnts and n lapdog. At
noon ho lunchoB at his 'club' nnd
smokes a cholco Havana afterwards,
whllo waiting for tho echoes of tho I
o'clock whlHtlo to dloaway. Then ho
must havo thrco kinds of wino at dlnnor and nccompany hit. wlfo to her box
nt tbo opera. Ob, lho working man
Is n 'sad dog' when It comos to Indulging Ills love or tho good thlngu ot life)
Ho can oven afford ot pay IiIh shnre of
tho $2,500 u year which tho wealthy
Ronalor guts for attending n fow hours
n wook In > tlie soimto chamber, nnd
mornllxlng on tho 'unhappily grossly
Improvident habits of tho working
"At nil ovontH, ovory ono will ndmlt
that the senators arc usually quite n
dlatlnet body from the 'working class-
<_B'--nt least so far ns their Honatorlnl
duties nre concerned. If It Is n (IIh-
grace, to work for ono'n living, they—
offk'lnlly—oscnpo^t. Wo say 'officially' bocnuso there nro hard work-
f ,\f*   nt. rt   .-ft ( ..I- , ( ,    . III... .  .,   t.     ll   ,     .., .   .  4
who enrn their llvlnr fn** enmiph nut-
agitation in this country in favor   of
old age pensions—something for "which1
the average senator  should  have a
kindly fellow-feeling. The people were,
convinced that the government should
make' It impossible for a crippled and
worn out veteran in the "army of labor" to know want in his declining °
years.     It became necessary for the
government to act.   Then Sir, Richarda
stepped lntb the breach with his an-*
nulties scheme-^a plan for enabling
the crippled workingman to,lift'himself by his own boot straps.     If the
working classes would only be provid-.
ent and eschew personal indulgence,
and not riot ln luxurious living on their
teY_rr__^1_F\11ftll_s_n_-*■Trl£^lr__•_« _!____.___. — _____.! 1 __-.__.___ *__-_■_-_-
n-uuuuio-a TTc"cn,""t»mi""a""i&i_unj'-L*U"I'€tBu-
they could buy themselves annuities
from Sir Richard's department, and so
have all the advantages ot a life-sen-,
atorship on a fourth ot tbe money.
"That was Sir Richard's substitute
tor pensioning the veterans of labor.
We wouia like, to see him trying it on
the veterans of war.    What would the
nation say if tho government took the
position that It would ao nothing for
Its veteran soldiers unless they   had
the '/providence" to use a part of their
pny during the campaign to purchase
annuities?     But   If   thoy   were   so
'grossly   Improvident', as to eat throo
meals a day when they could get thorn,
If they expended sums qn their 'personal    Indulgence'—possibly    supplementing tho  'rations'  occasionally—
which might havo gone for'nnnultlcs,
why, then thoy" could Btnrvo ln their
old ngo.    Would any civilized.nation ,
tnko such an attitude toward Its 'thin
red line of.'orocB?'    Well, thnt ls the
attitude which Sir Rlchnrd proposes
to tnko toward tho no Icbb heroic mon
In tho greasy overalls, who work hard .
year ln nnd year out, who ralBo their
fnmllloB without tho help of tho state,
but who mny bo Btrlcken down nt any
moment by nccldent or disease, and
compelled to live on tho charity of
W« do not believe for a moment
that the conscience of the country haB
fGRBlllzcd in thin fashion. We do not
bollovo that it Ib only our politicians
to whom wo nro willing to grnnt old
p.go pensions In thO'form of cushioned
r.ents in the senate. We bcllevo thru,
tl.o big heart of lho Cnnndlnn pnoplo—
•rice they underHtnnd tho sltuntlon—
will lnnlHt upon InHtirlng every soldier
of )al,or ngnlnst wnnt In IiIb old ngi?--
nnd upon Insuring, IiIh wlfo ns well,
It will cost but llttlo, Prnctlcnlly nil
of our people will tnkn euro of their
own old ngo T thoy keep tholr henlth.
Iltit exceedingly few of them enn bo
Hiiro Hint they will Ixi hnyonil tho ranch
of wnnt If sIckneHH or disinter crlpplen '
them whllo tliey hnvo Mill many yenrs
to llvo.
"It l.i tlio fenr of the ponnl.)]t'.,.
thnt tliey mny bo mnuir.il |n tho buttle
Unit w« want to hnnlnh, The chi-om
which muBt bn nctimlly helped will bo
very, very few, Hut the liven from
which tho drend of wnnt will be drlvon
will he very, very many. It Ih not
'KroBs Improvidence' nlir 'poraonnl in-
<-ulKo^co■ which will thrust our work-
itif, •.■'.ibic.t. Into (hat pouuion—il ta ihu
swift stroke of accident or the myr-
$106 Reward. $100,
tht ruArn ol thli pip*, will tn puu*. ts Imh
Hut itwf. u ii l.Mt em dfMd*d iitnm ihit mmm
tu teM iMl tft fin Ul Ml IU IUIM, t_fc, thlt V
..•una. H-iVi uum cyit v» it* c*\. tuiui.
•un tow knomi t» IM mmIk-J fr_ur_ll», b-Urrk
itfMf I NMMJttlUMII limit, M4UIM • wuuio-
.l,.n«l irnlmml I. .tit Ottrrfi .Mr* U Klrm In-
t_w*n.. into* dirMttr Vfa th* btac-J mi nmtctu
Mifsen ot Uw urium, UMttbr ttnte-rUf tu
lumiUiiM el th* 4*r*m, ant irttlnf ih* ntiMt
ftmnb bT twltd-l. «id IM MtMltsUMI 1*4 M*UV
ut Mtuii ti •*««• lt« »«.**-. li,* prujmivn fern
m miKh MMh tn III rnniln mvrif tt.it td>r ""'f
Oa* U--v.ri«- tfc-iurt ... m* urn tut It M* W
tun. anvil tor lift of tttimMi-1-.
i.im-1. s. mrvEV * co. t«***». a
f_*t frr il PruwtMl. It*.
t»-- nmi rim»r pom ttrtimtnrmtum.
side of thnt Cn«tln of Kaso; nnd we
MM. .».. «... w,,, m1~m\ZZrSJL*~ZZ.
tho rest of us do to honr tnlk of thin | »•»■<«.
quality emanating from a body which >
ihoutrt tut thn 1n«t te rt,Me ihi\ *wr\rit. I
Ing claisos' for 'p-iraonnl indulgence'
or 'gross Improvidence.' When a working mnn gota hair ns much for a full
year's hard toll on which to feed and
clotbo a family ns n senator gets for
keeping awake an hour or two In tbe
afternoon whon hli upper—very upper
■bouse la not taking reoeti tho aald
ROME, Fob. 2«.—The chamber of
deputies last night passed a bill for
the annexation of Tripoli by Italy by
a voto or 431 to 38, amid entbualastle
chc-erlni. from the floor ot tbe chamber
and tbo public gallery.
...,^-_, ... ..„_ ,_.„...,. ,,w.. ,...„ ,.,..  r „—,.   The member*
member of tbe 'working c1bkm>b' con-tw'>0 vot*d agalnat annexation w*t*
alder* hlmeelf 'dead lucky' and goes
In occatlonally for .be 'groas Inprovl-
denct' of a street car picnic with the
kids on a holiday.
Of cootie, the workingman baa not
Th* DUtrlct (Pernle) ledger offl-
rial organ of niatrlct 11. or tbe United
Mine WorVtrt of Amtfric* la a credit
to th# coel iHjrgwm,—T». P. JV-._t.pf.!
______■ .n^wiksy-vr;
-Vto* v^?*>;^_,<-
»■>_*    A_.      .    *___     ^rt *    -    **-
«83s£ffi7%>y*'V7-.    .
H i«iii,nti«i|n«jj,rlsi|i»iwiwni|_|
'■frj'Bfcgaa^-^,;. ^^H-^s^ii^a-^.ji-^y?y~/--'y-'- y,;:--y-y ^ y^syy.^.-*y--*_y. y,A--,. i
y >
THi-DisraicT'^ 2,1912.
It -,<*■"
c * .» n
w. J.
,,    Hair Dressing
Pool       yy yy
T    Gigars !
<     Tobacdos -. :
Bowling Alley
Drop In
H O X-, E L
BELLEVUE, Alberta   .
and      '      .   .,.
Meals that taste like *
mother used to cook- •
Best in the Pass
William   Evans'  Proprietor ,
Liquor Co.
7^ fgaaassa -
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention   .
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
.The Provincial Mineralogist, Wm.
Fleet .Robertson, has made his preliminary, review" and'estimate of mineral
production -for the year. 1911. , > The' report >• is issued in .pamphlet form on
beautiful- art paper (money is no object) and' contains some interesting
information on the subject? 'The total
mineral production for 1911 is,estimated at $23,211,816, a decrease of *.,165'>:
250 to that of-1910. Referring to the
decrease; and as reasons for same, the
report says:
Conditions that Affected Production in
The comparatively large decrease iu
valuo hero shown ls not, however, an
evidence of retrogression, for the mining industry of the Province most assuredly continues to make* substantial
progress, notwithstanding the diminution in production noted here.' The
curtailment of output Is clearly attributable, for the most part,-if not entirely,
to the effects of tlio strike of coal
mlnc„ employee's in the' Crow's Nest.
District," South-east Kootenay. The
suspension of work at the mines and
coko ovens lasted for practically two-
thirds of.the year, and prevented production of coal and coke during that
period to an extent that involved a
decrease ln value from- East Kootenay
alone of nearly $3,000,000. If to this
be added the decrease in val_ie of production of metals of one copper-produc-
ring company alone—as compared with
1910, of $1,600,000—;wl_icli was the direct result of cutting off the supply of
coke for blast furnaces, tliere will be
obtained a total decrease of more than
$4,500,000," which was* an immediate
consequence of labor difficulties at
the Crow's Nestcollieries. There were
other temporary ■ obstacles to production being maintained at normal rate,
tioned; in. quantities of products it
brought' about this position: there was
a decrease (net) of 605,000 tons of coal
and'140,000 tons of coke. As the'net
decrease'for'-the wholo'Province was
365,000 to'risf it will be seen that in oth?
er districts the "decrease " from the
Crow's Nest collieries was in part offset by increases in other, parts —_ in
the "output of Vancouver Island, Nicola
"Valley and Similkameen coal mines.
— Of'the average yearly value of the
mineral production of the Province for
the last flvo years, tho production derived from-coal and coke, has been
about 35 per cent, 'of tho wholo, whllo
for the year 1911 it was nearly 39 por
cent., and this despite the decreased
output of the Crow's Nest mines. It
is true that the output of the collieries for 1911 is considerably less than
for 1910, but tho year? 1910 was the
record year in the' [history of coal
mining In.the'Province, with a produc-'
tion valued' at $11,108,335. The output for 1911, with its total value'of
$8*987,500, in the proportion of $8,522,-
500, for coal>and 465,00("\for coke, is
second only" tb that/of 1910, and is
greater than that of any "other year.
■ No branch of the mining industry of
British' Columbia appears ' to have a
better prospect for expansion-and" consequent enlargement of production
than that>'6_ "coal mining. ' A gratify
ing feature in this connection is *,that
•the promise of,, extending', operations
and increasing output is general; that
it appears evident- that,all the'coalfields in which there has 'already-been
production may be expected to show
a steady increase in output., That this
Is 'sovWill be "manifest if attention be
turned to" local conditions in these
several fields. ""  .    '   -
Briefly reviewing these conditions,
which in much smaller degree also ■ it may be noted that recent progress
accounted for' a decrease in output on
minerals last year, but these have either already been overcome or in a fair
way of being removed shortly. Meanwhile a settlement, has been made of
matters that were, in dispute .between
the coal mine "operators and their em-
ployees, and by the end of 1913 output
of coal and coke was being restored to!
its average rate      ,-.        ' v   "  '-
Regarding the'coal and,,coke indus-.
try he says:'        *."".*    ...
The net production of coal estimated
at 2,435,000 long tons', 365,000 tons less
has been, general. "On Vancouver .Island ,the Western Fuel Company made
'the?largest 'production' in* 1911 it has
ever, made; "not "only so, but "a new
mine is being opened which it is ex-
pected-will commence production next
autumn," and tie rapidly developed to
a-producing-capacity of 1,200 to, 1,500
tons a day. ? 'At'the'mines of the Canadian ..Collieries.".Dunsmuir), Limited,
there; is '-also evidence of much progress, especially at its Union colliery,
in the Comox District, where a new
shaft "mine is-being bp_e_rie_d?an'd -hydroi
than that of -1910. . Coke, also sbpws
a decrease—of about 140,000 tons; the
'output in 1911-was only about 78,000
tons as compared with' 218,000 tons in
1910, The coal was produced in the
• .voral districts in the following app. n-
xirhate proportions: "Vancouver Island,
1,785,000 tons; Nicola Valley and Similkameen, 225,000 tons, and Southeast
Kootenay, .425,000 tons. Practically
all tho coko was from the last-mentioned'district.1 The effects of the strike
of the coal mine and coko oven employees on (tho production of conl and
coke In tho Crow's Nest District, South
east Kootenay, has already been men-
electric' power for use' at the* mines is
being developed. ' Production returns
for 1911 have not yet been received-
from '.the' last-mentioned company, but
lt is expected the output of coafin'1911
was not less than-900,000 .long-tons.
The Pacific,Coast,Mines', Ltd., increased the "output -from its- Fiddick mine
at South Wellington, and further developed its Suquash mine in the north-,
era part of Vancouver islnnd.''. The
Vancouver-Nanalmo Company . also
made -headway, for it arranged to1 provide shipping facilities at tidewater
and to add to its coal-mining s plant.
In? both the Nicola Valley and Simil
kameen, Districts progress", was? also
noticeable, additions having been-made
to,the coal mining plant, and the?output of^coal.in-1911 was larger.";"*,The
Nicola Valley Coal and Coke Company
increased' its output from -14i, 000 long
tons in 1910 "to- about 190,000 tons in
1911. and, enlarged its coal handling
plant" to a capacity of 1,000 tons a* day.
Three other coal properties in the Nicola Valley also had development work
done on them In preparation for mining coal.on commercial.scale", though
as yet their "production remains comparatively ,small. " Coal'was "reached
by a long cross-cut tunnel on the property of-the Columbia Coal and Coko
Company, situated vbetween Granite
Creek and Collins Gulch, in the Tula-
mcen Valley and the work of equipping this mine with plant and machinery Is in progress, while railway transportation has already been provided.b
At Princeton, the Princeton Coal and
Land Company- has, "made ■ arrange^
ments-with a coal'mining * machinery
firm to supply a tipple and other equipment, the" handling capacity to be 500
tons of coal a day and the plant to be
ready for use early in-1912.
.-In Bast Kootenay, apart' from'- the
suspension/of ^-production while the
employees were on strike, there' were
interesting developments. The Crow's
Nest'Pass Coal Company opened three
or four practically new mines at its
Coal, Creek .colliery, and'it is claimed
that from-these; a comparatively large
quantity of coal,'of excellent quality
cfln be>mined.' .This company also
did some "affective prospecting- at its
Carbonado colliery, where new'seams
were found, ■ and • the work done" on
some of.the old'seams led to the* hope
that mines can' be* opened there iii
ground where' the rock structure is
more favorableUo mining coal.' --At
the Hosmer colliery of the- Hosmer
Mines Ltd,, another level' has been
made along the outcrop on the coal
seams, about ~500 feet above* the. level
of the* main entry to the mine, and facilities.-have been provided* for transportation of the'coal down to the main
incline and thence to the shipping tipple. 'At, the Corbin Coal -and Coke
Company's colliery, an enormous deposit* of "-coal ,has been opened at' the
surface,'and. preparations have been
made-to work'this coal open-cast; lit-
erallv"li-.e a.-nnrirry. . Thia?mng....in-"
usual-'occurre'nee of coal is situated at
an elevation of/from 800 to 1,200 feet
above the main entry to the mine, in
which latter the,body of coal is-also
,of great.size( having a maximum width
of about 300 feet.,;-' ■
' There wa's,little'change in the situa-
tonaffectng'tlie'jlarge coal areas of
the' upper Elk7riv'er' region of the
Crow's Nest District, described in the
Annual Report of this Department for
,1909, for railway, transportation has
not' yet been provided, and until, it
shall have been there, wlir-not he any
commercial production, of coal in that
part of ,tho Province.* -
. y •> . 'i i *    r*\*v _■ ■ -_   «•   --_    „  -.-.
r in-f—i— ■.__-... -wm...
y^'-yv^yyy-v-tty^^yT*- y-y < /. y
• J-'--, st "->-..'■-,   ■■,5 .Vs -  ''-.^;--,* Tf:' i.--^.-*- .-■'■        I
The Boy Scout and
the Workers
W. H. Murr   -   Prop.
R.ectr.c Restorer for Men
Pll .-anhoiial 'c*_*r** «»».yn-rve In tlm body
— ' ■■■■■■■■! .•» Hi prop*, l-niloti j r_it_r.1
.immi-lvitality. r..i.iunr_<.».»yaminlln.xui-,1
*»«»■.!*-»_ awtoii «t en-t.   fliMphe<.ol villi
I.    \t\\tmt In in v i,t,trf«   Th« SanWII Slntg
Co*kt. <^tU_.r.iiei.a_._,
fat 8il«|ia.  Blmdcll't Drug Stort
Th» tong-c_M.ri_.-i44 drom or tho
Att-uralUn labor party, the creation of
an Australian atat<r bank, competing
with private bank* and providing tb*
labor governntai wltb a powerful fin*
nttrtar arm. In 'abort, to b<j rculftcd.
Tlio following artlclo In pamphlet
form has been issued by tho-Wostovn
The Boy Scout Movomont Ib not
only an attempt to provldo tho material
for a groat fighting forco, to train-boys
to hocomo efficient soldiers, It also
aliriB to exert an Influence In Industry.
It is a movement called Into bolng
by tho fact that thousands of peoplo,
workers, especially, nro beginning to
onqiilro Into tho mlnornblo social conditions now existing, anil to accopt'tho
correct remedy. It Ib doslgued not
to provldo another remedy for thoso
conditions, but to malco tho mrtRHOH
cantontod with thorn, propnrod to accept ovon worw. nnd lo fight If iiocob-
amy to maintain things n„ thoy nro.
ABldo from hf>lng nn effort to odu-
cnto boy» ngnltmt nny nttompt to
climiKo tho Hocln) HyH.om, It RPokn.to
turn thon. Into Htrll.ebronl.cri., nnd pro-
fllnlilo oorvnntfl of tho employing clnim
In general, Tlio mnn who flguroH as
tho founder of tho Tiny Scouts, Sir
Ilobort Umlon-Powoll, ftnya tho objoct
Ih not to mnko mllltnry bcoiiIs of the
hoyH.- but lo form thorn Into "Ponco
Scouts," Anyono who euros to rond
his books will son that ho hns both
objects In vlow.
IIo Rays there Ih'no Intention of
tenoning tho hoys mllltnry or blood-
thlr-tliieuu und proves this by saying
thoro Is no mllltnry drill In thn trnln
of scouts. IIo gives ns his renson
tor Kins otn|_i_(on tlio .act (tint military drill docs not produce Uiu best
soldiers, In other words, ho has discovered a bottor moiltod of producing
Hoi-lorn, and thon on poets his readers
u* bttiievo thnt _io dofkn'. wnnt to produce thorn. Hla books nro full of
stories calculated to show tho llro of
tho soldier to bo an Ideal ono for a
boy, On ovory pago tho Scout Is exhorted to "Do prepared" to fight for hla
'•f'm.T.ncJ hf« country wh*sn ord-orcd to
do to. Tho noy Scout movement la
not openly mllUaristfc. It Is worao.
It subtly appoaln to the youthful lm*
agination and paves tbe way for tho
boy to b*rom« a willing, trustful and
obedient soldier.
Tbla Is its }«**t Important char-
attar, nowDwr.     Tfio •Bisai"*? part pt,
tho program Is by far tho worat. It
Is' the inoBt' dangoroiiB to tho future
well being; comfort and happiness of
tho working clnsB. ' Imaglno what'
would happen ln tho ovont of any body
of workors demanding a higher wago
or- hotter working conditions. If the
employers had at tholr disposal an
army of offlclont workors trained, to
obey quickly nnd choorfully tho^or-
dors of tholr superiors, That Is exactly what Badon-Powoll nnd tho class
of which ho Is tho volco aro nlmlng
at. * Ono lmu only to road tho work
entitled "Tho Canadian Boy Scout" to
verify this statement,.
In tho first placo, It In Bought to
mnko scouts strlvo to socuro "profi-
Money bndgoH." In ordor to got Uiabo
bndges, scouts nro ronulred to qualify
ns blnckflmlthfl, boo .armors, nlrmen,
tni'in'iiters, elurks, Btenogrnphors,
cooks, dairyman, oloctrlclnns tologrnph
ors, engineers, fnrmorR, flromon, far-
rlors, gnrdonoi's, "hnndymon." photo-
grnphors,' plumber*, poultry farmors,
printers, sr-nmon nnd mllltnry occupations audi aB markBtnon, bttglors, otc.
Tho scout organlzallnn. thnn. nccord-
lng„to Its own authorities, Is a training ground for tradesmen and workers
of all grndoB, (
8o much for tho technical part of
a scout's education, now for tho mornl
or social part. Tho itloa that Is
Insisted upon mnr/» limn nnv n.tinr »«
thnt tho scout must obey ordors. Onl-
ors from whom? From thoso In authority ovor him, of courso, which In
tbe last analysis would be tho govornmont. In strikes, governments nro
always on tho sldo of tho employers.
Furthor, scouts aro tnught to ncccpt
nil conditions with n smllo and without any complnlnta, nnd to porform
sorvlcoa for others choorfully and without thought of any reward. Who are
the 'otheri"? Thow who would bo. In
a position to request tho services of
acouU. Tho govomment again, arid
dually, tlio -luipluyfuii vltus. Here la
% paragraph from linden-Powell's
"A ship ean bo either & heaven or
a belli It depends entirely on the men
la ber., If tbey aro surly. Inclined
to gWUoo and <__..(<!<., tUy will l« aa
unhappy ship's company, If they aro'
like ^scouts, cheerily- determined to
make thb best ot things,, to glvo and
take, and io keep tholr place tidy
and clean, thoy will bo a hnppy family
and enjoy tholr llfo." .
-If this Is not dOBignod to prevent
shipowners and otber\ownors from
over having complaints of horrible and
unsafe conditions in tholr ships, factories, etc, thon what Is'it for?. No
othor construction can' bo placed upon
it. It Ib Biich a spirit, couplod with
tho fear of dismissal, that is responsible for many fatal .accldonts and'
grout disasters, Workmen aro often
awaro that thoy nro In dajigor of tholr
liven but aro no resigned to tholr fato,
or In such fear of losing tholr jobs,
that thoy,say nothing,
As a wholo, tho Bojr Scout njovo-
mont Is started for tho ono purpose ot
providing tho employers of tho British
Empire with a rcosrvo army of workingmen which will ho always rendy to
protect tholr proporty and nsslBt thorn
In thoir efforts to socuro grontor profits.
Tho only nttompt to offor an explanation of soclnl problems npponrs in
tho form of that old oxplodod theory
that nil working class mlsorlon nro
cniiHod hy n Inck of thrift, Tho scout
1b taught to savo, Moroovor ho Is
told thnt saving will kcop him from
wnnt, Bndon-Powoir Bays on this
point! '
"A vory Inrgo proportion of tho dis-
troBB nnd unomployodnoss In nil countries Is directly duo to tho want of
thrift on Iho part of tho pooplo thorn-
boIvor, Our social roformors, boforo,
Booking for now romodlOB, would do
we>!!   In   n^f   t[i[»   *»?<•♦   Of   ."be   w<,.i'M'*ri
Tlrcht (n Iho flr.it plnoA, ' Th<»v would
thon probnhly find" vory llttlo riioro
loft for thorn to do. Thoro Is monoy
ti'iough In Britain to go round If It
woro properly mado use of by all work-
TliiiB, Mr. Workingmen, thoy hope to
teach your boy to become n wanly
upright citizen by teaching blm a falsehood lo start with. Tho truth which
la not donlod by nnyono, oxcopt when
It Is hoped to deceive somebody, la
this; Kmploymont comos from b«al-
noss, business cornea from buying,
buyinn means spending, and ft good
deal of spending eomea oufof wagea.
which como from empolyment When
spending ceases, business suffers and
employment falls off, Woaltli coniok*
not from saving but from spending.
Foilum* *r« mt.le because caplulUU
To the * Editor.- District- Ledger:"'! ;'
Dear Sir,—Kindly .allow, me? to-draw
the attention of ? the "-'"miners r in 'the
Pass to the following 'facts.''"'" y " -
In our late strugglejfo*^', better conditions of. work* and'"life' one of .tlie
most serious "problems wlth-?wtilch we
have; been confronted, !and" are'-"still
confronted, is-that of thej" non-union
men in our midst.'y For some of these,
men' one cannot help, but have the pro-
foundest contempt, whiise. for' others'
we Sometimes' wonder" however they
have managed' to loose'grip of themselves so completely* aa .to link.hands
with Judas and turn .traitors) knowing
as they do that in, doing so they havo
sold themselves to do evil and are at
this time throwing themselves open
to the Gcorn of every honest man in
every community. ' Nbw,?wliatto'do
with these men is undoubtedly one of
the questions. which is troubling the
minds of a large number of thinking
men' at.,this time, and by way of suggestion allow-me to state* what'my
experience is of some ?of these, men at
tho 'presentyime? -yfihd in many
of the camps we have men who have
had no other, option, but to scab," seeing that" they .have? wives and children
depending upon them for' support and
were • in "many, instances "induced"" tb
come into the -various camps, through*
the* lying,,reports put into.the„various
papers'that.-,wish, to' make-a'-'friend bf
the golden Mammon, oivotherwise .were
induced to come into the camps.-by
glib, -'smooth-tongued' liars "who wero
sent-out-as paid "traitors into'.'the big
centres of industry .where there, are
always a'large number of unemployed
,on, the verge of starvation.,' The.said
paid traitors In numbers of instances
have lied unblushin'gly to ?some of the
unfortunate men with .whom they, have
come in contact, with -tlie result' that
we have men, in our midst who,bave
been lured'.in amongst 'us, spending
very* often their last cent In'their, coming, and who found it'impossible "'to
get out again, and so-perforce had "no
option but, to commence, work though
revolting at the .very, thought. ■' Now,
I would suggest that where conditions
of this kind exist'ib would .be well'
If these were dealt with in-such a manner'that tbey would have every--op-,
portunity afforded them-of falling into
.-line; with'."the union."[ As -I "have no
doubt in* my mind that if "offered the
right hand of fellowship' we could find
the" makings of*-"good,"' sincere., union
men-ramong-theni; - -'■Upon^_tlie'rotlierl
hand I' have no doubt that" there are
a few who are practically ..beyond,re-'
demption from a •■ uniph standpoint.
They"are very much llke;what hunters
on the'prairie, and jungle come across
occasionally, they find an, outlaw'.among wolves, elephants (an_l'other tribes
of'the brute creation who-are'£op contemptible to be admitted into'the pack,
because they are not brave enough to
share tlie dangers common to the pack,
or that they have been too mean to
share the results of the hunt with the
pack,' Consequently-they havo .been
turned adrift to" make shift, for .themselves. Now, naturalists tells us that
these outlaws follow at.a distance and
live upon the result of tho labors of tho
pack, and If one of the pack has been
unfortunate enoughnto be woundod In
tho .hunt' by the enemy, then ho In
very many Instances bocomos the prey
*Sf,1^-.f<; "***■* *~"ir   "i,"-'"- "\     ■A."'   ' -     ■**   >        ,     -"*\.{_:    "•" *•
ot fth^^ua_iw;^f .eoji-mwts; ,-iJs vtatje"
by?'w__at" the pack, consider .thej teeth?
pf thVcarrion.; y y "■"; '" 7,7,... \;,y>7
'""Now; tliere is-no' doubt-that a_nong;
tlie '< nbn-unioh;*men, in 'our. mid!.t?*.tieVev
are'■some Meters?who might"be? given
Peter's opportunity."upon'.prbfe'sBibn iof"
their repentance. ■; As for' the' Judases.-
well,' if. they:would"" o^jrj'^bi'tVtih'at
final spark of manhood whlch'tiie bri-
.glnalJudaa exhibited, we 'should; have
but little trouble from this quarter,
at least ;rib further than the'inscription'
on their tombstone. _V,,7.,y "'..
"Here, it,lies?—what, was it?". *",
- However,"seeing the * ?Jewish race
has- deteriorated,,'but "are still-outlaws, we find that'their peculiar family
characteristics still exist,' but *ln even
a worse type, being afraid to die,,ashamed to beg, unable to dig, but con-
sumateiritliea'rt of bluff.? '-''One" of
these'outlaws has. decided?to continue*
tb make himself-obnoxious to the inhabitants-of beautiful .Bellevue." Thi3'
individual,- like a few others of. his
class, had every opportunity "of asserting his manhood if "only he had had
any," by joining tho union.. But the
instinct of the .outlaw was stronger
than the Instincts, of "the man, and so
he turned a deaf ear to every appeal
and fled into his' deri at "every approach of-his superior (man) arid'refused ",_o fall In .'line, and then when
the strike.took place, although he had
been previously fired from hisomploy,-
ment, like all his kind, whined to the
union for support and'would have.lived uporUhe charity of others, and then
when ,he failed" in reaping where he
had "not sown, the putlaw nature came
tb the'top and he became tbe pioneer
scab of Bellevue. ., And now, ye immortal gods, he intends'from the spoils
of the1 chase'rifled Jrom -the"pack,*.to?
establish himself.? In-'^business-in our
midst in'the hope that the pack*has'
forgotten-his outlawry ■ and^'past misdemeanour." Shades of inygirandmotii-'
er! he must evidently think-the "'.memory of the,pack is of the same.quality as.the memory of his manhood.' 7
, However, having little use" for hotel
life as-a,rule, yet. I think that,of two
evils a 'man had better choose the least
and while I am no advocate for drinking- whiskey, • hef had better .*■ drink
whiskey or even laudnum than betray
his principle as' a man by supporting
an institution run liy a thing who has
betrayed1 all the best interest's of the
miners in the Pass. .... y'- y*. ,
Hoping \that .every-- man ' who comes
into Bellevue "will remember when, he
sees, the words '.'McCutcheon Block"-
above'-a certain store thaf'here" is.an
institution" opened by." a * man whose
only idea is self first,, self last, and if
there' is any left—self again? ' ■"',!, -'
.' . \. "Yours .'etCr, ~ ,'" «'. _•" -
: ,7 ' ," .'     .7.7 *"- '■; UNION'MINER
** ~x *"''*'v*' *''*
*V v/i.', -yr.i2yy<i! *v~y,y-;^-*i--y--v;-j-
■ MicKei, Bit}
,'-.  ,-4 ■-
SS7;*7r'i ?y:^'..-'7/77.
i"<iS. •..-
'Lighted.with'Tungsten Larripa^.,
yy ". 08terin'oor*.MattreB-ea'.;y„'7.
"-'"    '■-','■& sy.   .yr *-•' y _-.»": ,*■•''k
- •-' -,Clean,Linen*.-' .-',-; '-*'".■ .
''"' :i.' 'y [^^y^syiS;l
.--1 ,v
$2.50 per day
.. L. FOISYVj  Manager
/The New and
[ pip-to-date Hotel
-u'S.     **■: 7 ■'"'■" ' *    . - .
...Every person likes to_ be "corny
fortable:   \ We have the latest t
-.design;of steam'• heating 'a'p'pa-
,. ratus in every room.    Our menu
- is the best? ;,We,guarantee sat- •'
isfactlon."". Two blocks .from"C.
'  P.'R. Depot? _ Old and new faces,, '
- welcomed. .'   v ,   7 • -" '-'
< S     -,."1,      ,    .      ' '•       '*-      .    ,
•'. „-.  i   .-.-•,- ' a'   ;;-" -.,'■  -•       7: ■'. *   ■'.
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti -• Prop._
spend tholr monoy In buying labor-
power and getting tho best of tho bar-,
gain. Nobody over got wealthy through
saving yet. PoVerty, IncroasoB bo-
cause workingmen soil their labor-
powor and got tho worBt of tho bargain
by Belling It for loos than lt will produce. '
To sum up: , Tho Boy Scout movomont will not,produce Men, but will
deepen Ignorance and prejudice and
mako boys Into servile, willing slaves.
Working paronts should toaeh, tlielr
boys to obey no orders that do" not
satisfy tholr roasonlng powers i to do-
fllro Independence and to love true liberty i to avoid working for nny man;
that labor produces all woal.li. to
rogard tho happlnosB, comfort and'well
bolng of tlioso who toll nH tho' greatest
of all objo'bts for which to strive, and
to roallzo'that poverty Is something
which' can onBlly bo dono nway with
by tho united action of tho'working
class In laying hold of thoso things
which nro socially oporatod to produce
Oh*Fernie, how I love thee; -    ,*    *■ ■'*
To thee P look with, pride; "'"•<"   '   -
If a sinner has got money  '•■ ■ '
Thou art always oil his side. .
Thoii lov'st tho whiskey drinker,   '
And the shark that gambles well',
If a man can't play at poker    . $ .. ,
Thou thlnkost his placo is hell,
Thou hast thy share of„ churches,
. With, congregations siim,'
When winding up tholr service
This Ib their parting hymn:
"Oh, Lord, keep Ross in powor,
Keep DloaBdell in as mayor,    ,
Wo'll do our Very damried'st,;
But we pray Theo do Thy share.
Jt     i   r
„' I 1 . * *" * *, 1 "*■
"Oh, Lord, help the tin-born,
Whilst Btruggllngto makb a stake, •
If e'er thou soo him failing,
Rovoal to him some fako.
"Wo boBeoch Thoo, Holy Spirit,
To help ub In our fight,     v,
Keep thorn damn Socialists quiet
And wo'll soo yoti'ro treated right.
"Grant us, Lord, for chief ot pollco,
Any mutt who'B not dlsoroot,
Wo want an lvory-hondod bum
Who dogs can ohnno nnd kldlots run,
"Whon at last you call us upwards
To llvo with Thoo on high,
Wo'll glvo Pete a bnck-hanilor,
So soo ho lots us by,"
Ahem I
Hdmonton Trades nnd Lnbor coun-
oil hns gono on record an bolng In
favor,of an unvostrlctod frnnehlHO bolng conceded to womon.
Dr. Kelley Cures
■ i (
Diseases of Men
By Modern MctHods
i , (.
"606" for Blood Poison
H6-lmer B.C.
■ *
^Specials    i
• .yy .--'", '?'.*■.. ''-,'•-*;. ■<
Koyal Household ■      (J-1 Cfl
rRobin Hood and \\ flll'-
;Purity Flour " .'* VU,yU'.
Oranges. i'eg.'-5Q_c_tt.dQze.i.7  ' ??" :"'
- y- Now 25, 35, and 45c
■  -  -•     jv '." '",'--.„' t-*   '   ' > i
Jap' Oranges,' per-box; 60c
, Bulk Tea, reg.'ijOc   , Now 25c,
Every,purchaser,of $10 receives,
.-''„--,,        >.    i.,. ,'..•.,.■
A Bath Rug Free
E/F.   RAriS
Just received,   a   shipment   of.
1 Hundreds of latest Records,
Violins,    Guitars,    Aecorde'ons,'
8heet, Music, etc^etc.
New Michel
COAL mining rlifliti ut tho Dominion, in Manitoba. Uimkatoliowan und
Alborta. tho Yukon Territory, tlio North
.IMJUim,   !>,,"    _„,.«,,    AUIIU-I. |   -»»w   .,\,. ...
WOHt Torrltorles and In u portion of
tlio Provlncu of Urlttali Cojiunbla, may
lie loaiiod (or a term ot twonty-ono
yenrH at nn annual rental ofjl an acre..
Not morn than 2,500 acres wit bo lcnnn.l
to ono applicant,
Application for a leono mu~t l»e mado
hy tho applicant lu pernon to tlio
Agent or Huh-AKcnt of the tllNtrlet In
which tho rights appllod for aro Hltual-
In mirvnynd territory tho lnnd miiflt lio
daRorlhod by aootlons, or loornl sub-dlvl-'
HlmiH  of Hoatlonii,  und   In   uiiHiirvityed
territory tha tract applied for nlmll bo
■Inked out by tlio applicant hlmmilf.
Hpoelal treatment for other _lltea*e« of men. Naroua WnkiNin,
Vnrleo.e Vein*, Ilyilrofri*. lllooil am! NUIn ni«or«l*r«, Ho_»» llleer*. !««»•
nay, lllndiler and llretal ninnntem, «.o4 '' wnil OAUtraettd, Ailment.
Vraaiata -llanrl lnfli.mmii.lont Old Chr»nle OondUlon-..
Museum of Anatomy
Tn this <irt*i Mn-ienm Is aliown by llfo ■U«mod«li, monstrosities,
normal and abnormal conditions of tha various parts of tha body, Ulus-
trntlnj. fully both acute nnd etuwala (llaaaaaa at man.
Free Consultation and Advice
_C_H(.rt M«<_l-al l.x*niln_,t((.M Vtaa, Vta* Uunuluadoa Of Vrliic
wkea uactaaary. Oon«nlt H«—PIIKD. Doa't OtUyi Tittar* «r*
_t_*ni_»rou_. Call or vtttta. Vtaa Itaahu __v«rr<hl«« ««afla«M<lal. HaaMt
• «.m. to ft p.m,| tttintara, IO «.», t# 1 _>.«••
Di\ Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard," Spokane
«-.#-*Kii   U,),*a**.i+aaUai
I/O    WWI.'i/..l>t'4l
by a tea of IS whloh will bo rofundoil If
il.u tli,I.U a,ii,!U\l .wl'_....- .,,/( ii-WJ..}.)-.
but not otherwise. A rnyalty shall ho
paid on the merchnntabln output of lho
mlno at the rate of five cents per ton.
Tho porton operating* tho mlno nliall
furnlnh tno Aarent with sworn r«timi„
accounting for tho full quantity of mer-
chwtitiihlfi coal mined an tlpuy tlut roy.
riirlita  nr«  not  belnsr opemittrt,' iiitcli ,
return* should bo furnished at loast
once a year.
The lonto will Include the oonl mlslntr
riirhta only, but tho le««ee mny bn por-
mlttod to purchase whatever avaltablo
surface rlft-ht* may be oontldered no-
oesnary for the worl.tnir of tho mine
at the rate of 110.00 an acre. •
Por full Information application
eVibuld Its made to th* t.-crotftry ut the
f)»l«rtment of the Interior, Ottawa, or
o any Agent tit Hub-Agent of Damln*
an I.utnl.,
W, W, Cory,
Deputy UlnlsMr of the Interior.
N.I-—Ifneutherlied pttblleatlpn of this
advertisement will not be paid for,
Let a Ledger M, work for You
\K THE D-B^CT? LEDGER, FBEKIB,^ E. G, ___AE0__T2, 1912.
Beware of
|Sold on the
Merits of
Fernie Dairy
delivered to all
parts of the town
& Verhaert  Brothers.
Giornata dl 7 ore sal posto dl lavoro
per ogni lavoro interna.
Cinque ore di lavoro il salato.
Paga seltlmanale.
Anmento dl 10 soldi dl paga per ogni
tonnellata dl carbone caricato.
■ Venti per cento d'iromento in tutto 11
lavoro morto.e sul lavoro a giornata.
Giornata unlca e scala df salarlo unl-
l per tutte le categorlo dl glornalterl
lavorantl dentro o fuori della mlniera.
Neseuna dtstlnzlone per parte delle
impagnle carbonlfero nello implego di
mlnatorl. rlguardo a oplnlone. colore o
Carbone pesato prima dl essere paj-
ito al crtvello e pagato a prozzo cor-
nte dela mlniera.
Divleto alle compagnle dl ten ere nel '■
loro uf flcl plu due paghe settlmanall In
Nessun-limite .airammontare della
dedualone fatta per mezzo degli
official! della compagnla nel-I'lntei ease
dell'organlzzazlone del mlnatorl.
j Livery, Feed!
I Sale!
cl... Har.M for 8.le.     ^
Phone 78 |
SINGER     !
I Pellatt    Ave.    Hortta
Fernie-Forf Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
L. E. McDonafld
Express .-ind  Delivery  Wag on i a
( The Week's News for
I        Our Foreign Brothers ||
0  i
Alle domande del mina'orl 1 padroni riaposero eolle ceguentl risposte:
H carbone venga pesato prima o dopo
d'easere passato al crivello, secondo la
preferenza del padrone. Rlduzlone di j
10 soldi per tonnellalta e eorrispond-'
ente rldnzione per gll altri lavorl e
pel giornalierL
Giornata unlca dl novo ore e d! otto
-e 11 sabato.
Paga menslle. Daduzione llmltata
per 1'untone. Dlritto d'Impfegare o
dl llcenalare gll opera! Benza dover
dare splegazlonl all'unlone.
Contralto di quattro amil.
Come si vede tra le domande del
rainatori e  quelle del padroni passa
. stessa dlfferenza che passa tra II
Parrebbe quaei dl trovarei nella im-
minenza dl una rivoluzione.
Niente di tutto do. state slcori.     B'
steasa mag lea che si rlpete ad ogni
scudenza dt contrattL     Da mm parte
dall'altra si domanda colla certezza
i non ottenere.
Nessnna delle due parti ha ora n
coraggio dl tngagglare una lotta a
focdo. Si finira, come sempre, sulla
via del compromesai, dopo aver ac-
Lo le vecchle condizloni con qualche leegera modiflcazlone di nessuna
Sperlamo che non si ripeta la farsa
della soapensione.
Se sciopero el dovra essere, II prlmo
aprlle od IF 2 agosto non linporta, sia
sdopero generale Inteso a rovescla
tutto ui^ slstema e non una cagnara
marl affannate a collocare nn cer.
.sopra una gamba di legno.
11 "cinque per cento dfells popolazlone.
sempre plu ricchi. ll 9B per cArt-vdeJla
popolazfone sempre plu poverl — che
posslamo fare nol?
PoBBlamo spereare che 11 popolosl
deefda a dlventare sempre plu aagglo.
Oi MARZO, 1912
Se clr sara qualcuno cbe non e seritto
ndla Usta del voti, o vuole mettersl
nelle IlBta potra reclamare al Slgnor
Dire-tore del glornale locale District)
Ledger In Fernie, B. C Come Hoamcr
e Michel, potraono domandare al Se-
gretario detlTJnlone.
Acclouche potete bene Informarvl
cho abblamo messo ono candldato Social lata accio che puo bene aalvsguar-
dare 1 noatri plenl dirletCL Solo questo nostro candldato abblamo scelto
come peraona cbe potra bone rflp^re-
sentare nella Provlncia tutto li prolc-
tarlato, e aperlamo che la nostra lotta,
sia un pleno successo « trionf^re a
questa strepltosa Vittoria per far cono-
scere che il Socialismo cammlna sem-.
pra a passl da Glgante. Coiiccbe
saramo tutti anrlaati per uacire vit-
torlosi a qoesta Impress.
C'eat sur la liberie et ia propriete
qu'eat echBlaudee toute la "tctforle sociale des capltaltates, auesl oette theorie
eat-elle radlcalement fausse, car sea
bases sont ab3olument erroiees.
Four lea determlnistes, et tons les
hommes de .vraie science le sont, la
liberie n-eat qu"une apparence; qu;
droit de propriete du sol, Inv.
tlon luanalne, rien ne le jnstlfte
droit natureL
Mais on trouve toujour; <le bom
listing, ou a leur defaut des execs
jur justifler sa conflulte.     Aussi lea
economlstes de 1'ecole clasaique on
de nier !e ' determinlEme dT
part, et de JustiSer de I'autre le droit
de proprletedn sol.     Mais en etudl-
lenrs arguments, on decouvre faci-
lement que ce ne sont que des sopbis-
par lesquela ila prenneQl.—peat-
etre de bonne foi~deH arguments de
ilt pour des arguments de- droit.
On pent classer ces argument
trois theaea:    ,
John'Mlcca, John Johnaon, Gregory
orey, Joe Krosel, GiOTannI Cornello,
Battlsta Silva, David White, Joe
O'Brien, George Sheppard, Gregorlo
Bdeno. Williams Cbiunbers, M- N. Fol-
R. L. Kennedy, Wlniam Lazure.
Marti so Zanipl, Albert Wade.
Totale 18.    Tutti minatorl.
Proprletari dl mlniera: 0.
11 valore dei benl stablli della cltta
di.New York aumento l'anno scorso
ISO-millonl dl dollarl.
Chi produce qneato aumento?
La nuova popolaiione che ando
a vivere e lavorare.
A benetlcio dl chi ando questo i
Del B per cento slrca degli abttanti
che posaeggono la proprleta. Chi paga
1'an men to dl valore della proprieta.?
Circa il 95 per cento degli abltantt,
ch^ affittano la proprleta.
Chi paga lo tnsse deU'uumentato vn-
I plglonnll I qtinll sono gll "ultlm!
Con puma tort."
9q la dlfa dlvcuta aempre plu
Ri-nrulo, la proprleta tompre plu cara.
lo tnsae e gll atflttl scuipri! plu ultl.
sonete ll depend de. tons et ni
Traiment independant' que s il ]
vlrre aeui,  se nontrisaant des
u'il ai
aanc dc lenrs peam.et s'abritant dans
la cabsne; qa'll anralt coastruite de sea
mains sur une terre n'appartenant a
personne. Ce genre de Tie ponrralt-il
etre a l'henre actaelle 1'ldeal de qoel-
Chacna a done n
List of Locals District 18
29 Bnnlthentl  P. Wheatley. Bankhead, Alta.
.481 Beaver Creek  P. Gaughtou,- Beaver Creek, via Plncher
431 Bellevue  J. Burke^Bellevue, Frank, Altn.
X1G3 Blairmore  B. J. Chase, Blairmore, Alta.  '
949 Burmls.  Jos.  Derbyabire, Burmls, Alta.
'2327 Carbandale J. Lonsberry, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta.
;.__? CnrdlH..  J.  Poole, Cardiff. Alta.
IS8T- Canmura K. I). ^Ebanhuk, Caumore, Atta,
2633 Coleman  <W. Graham, Coleman, Alta.
.1877 Corbln    K. Jonea. Corbln, B. C.   .
1126 Chinook Mines Wm. Forsyth,  Diamond City. Alta.
2178 Dlamond.Ctty..... Albert Zak, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
.314 Fernie,...'."........ TboB. Uphill,. Fernie. B. C.
1363 'Frank..,,..,....... G. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
S4.7. .HoBmer ........... W. BalderBtone, Hoamer, B. C.
1058 HUlareat.. 7....... J. O. Jones, Hilloreot, Alta. *
674 Lethbridge...?.?...!_.Moore.  .604, Sixteenth'St., North ■'_otBbrldge.   ■
tl8_ Lptb&rldge Colilerlfio Frank Barlnghun, seo^ via., Klpp, Alta.
,,.1333 L!]ley,.,..Y.?,?,.,*.W. 11 i^an^Llile,-Front, Alta
" 382B MapleiJeaf?."."..".. S;Parker,.MapM;J_ka£,Sellevne, Alta. .     .
-. 1334 Michel.......:.... M. Burrell, Mlebel, B.C. 7
14 Monarch Mlno....   L. 3. Thomas,- Monarch Mine, Taber, Alta.
236S. Passburg7.....:.... L^kU-HEartta. .Passburg. .'Alta. .
3SS9 Royal View ....... Tfios. B. Blaher. Boyal ColUerie., LetUbrldie, Altn
19B9 labor  A-v P»ttet«on, Taber, Alta.
IDS Taher .....'... J.  Coopor, Taber, Alta.
La Ifberte et la propriete etaient
indispensables an developpement de
l'espece humalne tel qu'I! a'est effec-
^i elles n'avaient pas eilste, le
■ he seralt "pas tel qn'il eat
tuellement, et s'ii y avait en on moyen
conforme a la nature bu-1
i developper plus harmoul-
euaement, le monde ae seralt develop-
bien evident, en effet, que si I
hommes avalent i.-.abli an '
-eglme collectl-.lste, revoiu'lfr. -^ono-
mique et sociale et peut-j'r,- m-;n-e
1'evolution physique n'anrjiei;- pas ete
se qu'elle a ete et qne par consequent
le monde ne serait pas tel qn'il est
actuellement. Mais serait-il pire?
Volla ce que noa adversalres sont dans
'Impossibilite de pronver. Nous
ivons, qoant a nous, la- conviction
qu'll eut ete mettle*.*r, mals nous ne
ponvons taire etat de cette croj-ance,
car 11 nous est tout aussi Impossible
qu'a eus de le prouver.
Quant a l'affirmation que s'll y avait
en un moyen conforme a la nature bu-
maine de se developper plus harmonl-
eosement le monde se seralt develop-
pe do cette facon, ce n'est qu'une al-
flrmatlon toute gratutte. Cela prete
a de beaux developpements. lyrlques
si Ton veut. et ou l'on peut invoquer—
oh! de tres loin—1'autorlte dn grand
Darwin mala ce n'en eat paa
d'one rlgueur lnaufliaante comme de-
n.   La I [ber t.e etla propriete se Jus-
tlfient et ae legltlraent par li
II taut vraiment etre un dea prlvlo-
gies de I'existence pour, tenlr un pareil
Inngngo. Tout n'est paa pour le
le molllour des mondes.
ipltnllgtes rfoivsnt au
molns la laser aux nmllieoreux la fa-
."Ho d'ovnluer oux-memea I'ctendiie c]e
lours mlaisres* Ib n'ont pas lo droit et
□ucore molnB la moyen de le falro a
leur place. Naug oppoaena a cet arsn-
In conlraato entre lo luxe odreno
ins et les mlsercs a trace a den
i, ct cela detorquernlt vlctorleiiBe-
la justification et In logiUmatli
de la liberie et de ln propriete p
leura reaultats.
Tout systerne, social qui sei-alt
etnbll sur d'autres bases que la liberie
la propriete  seralt  Impossible ou
; que le systeme actuel.
dette envers la
peut la payer qu'en tra-
valllant. lal aussi, poor la coilectlvtte.
Bn regime capitaliste, Bl l'on n'est pas
rfebe, on doit gagner sa vie et l'on
del. par surplus prodaire pour lea bodes faineants et des parasites so-, i
slaui.     C'est pour ies nauvres.    et j
erne pour oertalna parasites qui tra-1
lllent a falre marcher les rooagej I
Improductifs de ta societe capita.lste,
ae restriction contiderjble de la Iiu
-te Individ i He-
Quant a la iirjpri<.le, l'ecole claul-.
quo pretend.<;a'' i!a :: un Hen indliSJ.4-
jle avec cslle de Ia lllerte, et iiivilss
mt sub! la miini e~ oit'tlon.
Lee progres constants de la liberie
>t de la propriete. dit-elle, ont ete
ilmulta^ee dans I'hlstoire de I'human-
te. Nous sommes arrives gradnelle-
nent, par un travail de plusieurB dlz-
alnes de aieclen. du regime de I'es-
clavage a celul de la llberte indlvidu-
du regime de Ia communaute
primitive a celui de la propriete pri-
uee; et ce developpement parallele a
au pour consequences d'accroltre la
esponsabllite de chaenn, de faire bene-
fieier davantage lea individua de leurs
efforts et de leurs talents, de lea faire
souftrir ansst de leurs fautes et de leur
vice, entin, de rendre les socletes plus
prosperea et de les pousser au progres
stimulant tootes les energlea qu'el-
les contiennent. La propriete com-
porte lliesitage, qui a pour objet la
onservatlon et 1'augmentatlon dn espial tant dans l'interet social que dans
'interet individuel: II excite et p.-o-
onge 1'ncti.ito «t 1'epragne; il ouvre a
'esprit des horizons illimites et donne
t l'oeovre humalne nn caractere de
Volla ta justification a posteriori du
droit de propriete; elle est lngenieuse,
jot!, presque poettqne. mala inexacte,
car a molns d'etre avengle—volontalre-
ment ou non—il eat impossible de ne
pas reconualtre quo le regime actuel
est incoherent an point de vue produc-
tlviste, et, a tous .les pointB de vue,
Uvre a tons les abas.
En realtte, cest l'approprlatlon, tn-
dlvidueile qui doit etre rendne respon-
sable des inegalites aoeiales. Grace a
I'heritage, on nail riehe ou pai
uns peovent faire des etudes, choisir
leur position sociale, les autres pas.
Bt tel qui serait peut-etre devenu un
genie dans les sciences ou dans les
arts, est pratiqnement coudamne a ser-
vlr toute sa vie de machine hnmaine.
Sa llberte, e'est la liberie de mourlr
de falm et de mlsere..
Libre, l'ouvrler?—H est contraint de
passer pa ron veut son patron.   Une
des causes de sa servitude est dans
le progres incessant de I'lndustrie et
la division et la subdivision de plus en
plus minotlenae dn travail.     Comme
on s'est avise, avec beaucoup de rai-
son, qu'll y a serieux avantage a ne
don.-ier a l'ouvrler qu'une partie aeule-
■nent toiijours la meme du travail que
treprend on en est arrive a une
grande- facillte et rapidite de produc-
lion marclie merveitlenx;
mais  on  a  aussi  prodult  une   ctasse
ment parler que des machines.     Its
dependent les uns des autres et eux
us d'une organisation qu'ils s'impo-
Ponr le molndre objet a fabrlquer
11 faut -qu'ils  soient pIUEleurs
grenes exactemerit rigourensei
autres et qui o'ont plus de
llberte car 1'individualisme dlspai
'accompli r regulleurement
contlnuellement tous les jours de
vie la meme beaogne avec les memes
outits outre qu'elle flnit par Imprlmer
l'ouvrler une deformation physique
flnit par rabrotir complement et le
rendre  Inapt a taut autre genre de
travail  ainsi  qu'a tout  effort  iotei-
lectueL     Et *sl nous conslderons que
deja plus libre l'homme qui n'a
seul metier et  dont tout     le
e a besoin pour ce qui eat de  ce
r, mals qui a besoin de tout le
monde pour tout ce qui n'eat pas ce
metler-1 b celul qui n'a plus de metier
i, seuiement une fraction de metier
elre molnB llbre encore.
une science qui ne peut admettre de
contradiction entre le chapltre mortle
le chapitre economie politique. Or;
ins devons remarquer que le saialre
a-itn ouyrier n'est pas determine par
le merite on par Veffort reel du travail-
'Inversement. Ia fortune et
[f<r luxe penvent ecbolr a des indivldus
fort pen meritants. La viellte lutte
pour la vie qnl crea et adapta les es-
peces par la selection naturelte est de-
lutte pour 1'avgent qui con-
tralre revolution et la selection sexu-
lelle dana notre race. Cette antlnD-
mie est illogiqne et 11 est de toute evidence qu'elle eat due a 1'appropriatloii
indivldueile des moyens de production.
Bref. le aysteme capiialiste est cause
des Inegalites aoeiales; il empeche cer-
tains talents de Be taire jour alors que
par heritage, il comble de paraites aul-
Htes de toutes les faveu'ra de la fortune; il ravale l'homme au servage ou
machine, au detriment de
> son Intelligence et de sa
llberte indivlduelle; tl poussea I'an-
la production, an gas-
plilage dans ta consommation. a i'ln-
juatice -dans la repartition des biens
d'usage; provoque la degerescence des
me des classe labori-
'immoraltte dana lea relations d'humalns a humalns.
Volla le regime qui d'apras lea ec-
capltallst^s rend les socie-
irosperes et les poasse au
progres en stimulant toutes les energies qu'ellea contiennent! Si on ne
le legit Imer qu'en le justtfiant a
posteriori, mleux vaut. je crois, ne pas
le tenter.—Lucien Vertongen.
Dn jeune homme 35 ans desire trou-
;r une vcompagne energique bonne
Ecrire A- P. Berto, Cardiff, Alta.,
Kndr obemysz sla czujesz narilcinit
zczo b'da, tiazko zyty;  robj-t czolo-
wik tiazko a mynio toho tfazko wy.
Mzty z hldy.     Majze kozdyj narlkaji
ale  he  kozdyj   staraje  sia  zaradytj-
tomu lychowy, a babato z tych si
podajut rady ne dajnt sobi spraw
toho do  csoho Jlch rady moaut d
esty.     Odnojn z takycb rad je wyz
Plata za robotu.     Ono ne bulo by
jakby platnia bola biliza a ricsy kon-
eeznl do aytla ne dorozlly.      My pry-
hllanemo sia czy se.mozlywe p!d tepe:
iszna (or«. i
John Spargo sSazaw szezo oden auns
praktyky warta blllze niz dwajciat j
tonlw teoryl. Wy strajkuwaiy my-:
nuwBzoho roku to majete dobru prak-
tyku. Wy baczyly szczo dijalo sla.
Wy wyjszly na strajk-   Kompanla
The Labor Leader and
Family Rehailitation
duze tym klopotala sia.
Wy *.
beads hold membership In labor organizations come within tbe ken
ot charitable agenciea. There are several reaaons for this. The organiz-
worfcer reajlvea a better wage;
therefore, he can care for his family
less fortunate brother,
7 by something for a
rainy day.
The members of labor unions are,
i a rule skilled workers. Their cali-
re as men la generally higher than
that of tbe unskilled. A labor union
represents collective ambition. The
prafeslaonai man forges ahead, or tries
o, at least, single-handed. Tbe me-
hanlc, as a rule, can progress only
wltb tbe other mechanics ln tbe same
kind of work. He can only rise as
fellow workers^ rise. Tbe very
banding together of persona of tbe
means foresight It means
'orkers realize individually
mat forego some liberties,
give up part of their earnings in order
liberty and better earnings tn tbe end. Tbe organized work-
is not tbe "what's-the-use" state
nd. He has certain standards to
i he desires to live up. He has
in Ideals for hia family and for
his children.
There is a wholesome pride In con
nectlon with membership In a labor organization which leads the organized
worker away from ordinary relief agen-
Hls union stands ready to help
him In distress. His help there comet
rould from brothers, from next
of kin. If ft becomes necessary foi
to ask for more help when the re
ces of his organization have been
exhausted, he often receives such help
from individual members.
From time to time, however. It does
become necessary for a member of a
trade union to apply for relief, or mors
often for the wife to do so. Perhaps
tbe man is out of work for a long
period. Maybe be has the "faili
and has it too frequently, as a re
of wbtcb bis earnings go to the saloon.
Proud as the mother may he, remembering the days when her husband'
earnings were handed to ber every
.Saturday evening and soHiced for the
of the family, she may have to!
knock at the door of "the relief." j
Many questions are asked, and she I
answers them all. The children need j
bread. The coal Is all gone. Johnny ■
is in need of shoes. Mary has no
coat. As for herself—but she forgets
herself entirely.    As the neatly dresa-
d the labor organ-
of selfish
individuals  dominated   by   "walking
delegates"   who  represent   the  very
of selfishness and crass material-
There are those whOjWill even
hold the labor arsanlzation respoaisble
the "fainhg" in one of its mem-
:.     Sucb Individuals believe tbat
■-gmzling and whisky-imbibing ar*
of tbe regular order of business.
fact, the labor organ-
n.  in most
hold  upon  the
capltnltsto les Indivldus beneficent de
leurs efforts et de leurs talents. Tout
d'abord. on no periunt pnH a leur talent
de ee falre ]our. Qnnnt nux efforts,
I'ouvrlsr, con it nm no, boiib peine de
mort. a un trnvnll qui le ileum do p],y-
slqiioment et im fillet Hell cm out. eera
iHcploitc, quel que poll le Bcnro de son
trnvnll, et puye ii Iieih prlx, enr I'offre
sur passe la dema title et qu'll faut
tnunerer 1" capllnl, ot slirtout p-l
qu'il faut lulter co litre la concurrence
-ajh tomu szczo kompanla
chotlla prynia ty waszi sluszui doma-
hania. Kompanla znala- szczo waszl
kyszeni ne dwze powni i znala szczo
krun was je szcze ' bahato bezrobii-
nych zczo stanut do roboty kozdoje
ehwyli. Znala szczo na pomlch Jeji
tane nriad zi swojem wijskom i poll-
yjeju. Wy sobi strajkuwaiy a iraszl
mlada zapowniuwala kompanla ske-
bamy. Frank, Lille, Passburg i Cor-
buiy zapowneni skebamy jakycb
stereblo wijsko 1 policya a wy dywy-
. ta lysz cbodyly na junijal mitin-
Wy spogiwaly sia szczo pereho-
wrldnyklw junli z prydstawyteii-
amy kompanii prynesut warn welykl
pnlekszi. Ale szczo mob ly ony zraby-
ty koly kompania mala yhlia podostat-
kom, bo prawyteistwo Alberty zoeslo
clo na nhol zi Stejtiw, i mata dosta
skeblw, bo nawlt bahato junistlw pizz-
ly za skeblw. W wydu seho jich bula
slRha. I czy mor distaty wyzszn
platu todl koly kompanla male uhlia
: dosta I skeblw jeji ne brafc?     Junla
mohla nych zrobyty 1 tomu ne
J ete czoho na nlu narikaty, on a
zrobyty tobo szczo ne w jeji
Czasom koly Btrajk pld dobryj
szas.to moz~ troeha szczupnuty kom-
panlju, ate jakyj z toho konec?   Wraz
pldwyzkoju platni ide pldwyzka na
towarach.     Nichto ne znaje tak jak
;zo  koly platuia  bula  mensra
bulo taasze a skoro platuia
rse dorozsre.      Statystyka
kazuje szezo clna    lowtiriw    skorFze
:rosta]c jak clna platni,   Z seho my
oaczymo ssczo wyzszn plntnla ne r<
wjaze pytenla nnnzojl nii-dy tn!. dow
jak ftowbo Istnuwaiy mle scj syotc
Poky   srodntwa produkc
?_- j ed Interrogator piles her with ques-
r It r
resulte paa
tres syatemea actuellement propos-
soulevent des.objections..que (e regime actuel ne piilsse evoluer vers un
regime mellleur. Mala sans meme
falre cette reponse, nous pretentions,
■aSrement a rasaertton des economlstes cap!tallatea qne le syateme actuel. Bt nous pouvons la prouver,
tandla que .lea attaquea dlrlgees contre
le collectlviBme sont generalement pu-
Le droit a la llberte Indiylduelle est
[ormel dans notre.legislation; anclen-
pement, il.no. l'tait pia, niais en'droit,
natnrel, et meme dans l'eierclce actuel de ce droit, 11 rencontre une quan-
tlto de limitations qal le rendent ton;
rolattf et parfols douteox.
L'hotnmo n'ett ploa absoloment li.
bre a partlr du moment ou 11 vlt en
e dam
rcble de ln  production.     L
Blme actuel fait soiiffrlr les Indl
du Ipura fautes et de
me ai les nppeilntlun
de "vices" n'etalenl pas quelque chose
d r.bsolument conventlonnel, et
si   la   propriete   p.c   poitaealt
rimmoralltc.     La ten tat Ion sera forte
er fncilemect ce qui
dea moynea que la morale- capltaliste
reprouve, mais que la regime capltal-
Sste appelle, tela que le vol, la fraude,
ta corruption, In prostitution, etc. La
propriete est menacee, 11 faudra la defend re, et nous aurons dea'pollelers,
dea gendarmes et des Jnges qui, aa
point de yue economlqae, sont'niolns
que'des non-avaluers. ce sont des *al-
eura negatives qui consomment et.ne
produlaeut pas.
L'economta politique et la morale
ne sont que des chapltres de la ao-
ciologle, et *l cetle science est encore
dana l'enfance, ce n'en est pas molns
she recalls the daya o! long ago
when she, too, wore white waists ar
oung and  pretty  and  hopefi
lat was bo long, long ago.   Now
she begs for the sake of ber children.
Perhaps tbe husband   lost a hand in
the factory,   and   with   it.   of   course.
went the job.      Perhaps he had twen
o   active  during a  strike  and   was
ipotted."     The law does not allow
black-listing, as we all itnov..   But the
r the "listing" goes. Per-
baps^but what Is the use of eaumer-
.ting tbe many reasons for which a
i-orker may find himself on the streets
helpless and miserable and wretched?
Tbe fact remains that be or his family has applied for aid. Something
nust be done to adjust matters. In- j
-estlgators are sent. A diagnosis is 1
nade. A remedy la to be applied. The
Lbnormal must be made normal again.
The family, the Individuals composing
society, demand it. As a rule many
agencies are called In to co-operate
priest is appealed to, perhaps
neighbors are approached, of course,
alter due attempts bave been made to
arouse relatives to their duty.
In many cases, perhaps In most
<-ases. particularly in smaller communities, the lahor union is forgotten,
often it is deliberately shunned. There
hi]   i
iyt .
koly wy bmlrte whnt.
sebe to bzcio nvul mbyte dlu knpltnl-
Isllvv a imoiino bud ate prncluwaty din
Polity linpitnllaiy zinlnjul ury
n dnjl jinn moznlst ekonomlcz-
■ker  because
a to him.     He is attached
than be is to hla church,
because It takes cognizance of his pre-
aent needs.     With the "Do it Now"
which we parade everywhere, has come
kind   of  "I  Live  Now,"   The  tabor
union is here to serve that Now. The
church is concerned with a hazy fu-
of which the worker knows little
and about which be cares less.     Tbe
smattering of knowledge of the laws
picked  up in the  Sunday
newspaper magazine section, the mt
icted with his
dally work, the fast-coming Inventions
lave made the worker skeptical.    His
iplritual nourishment no longer cornea
rom tbe pulpit    It comes rather from
his  union,  if  it  comes  at  all.   The
priest or minister has no longer tbe
respect and admiration be had.       In
his place Has risen the iaoor leader,
been in tbe ranks,
has eduacted himself to be of help to
iwa, haa been placed by tbe
ranks at tbe head of tbe organization.
He doeB not prattle about things that
fcr off.      R eapeaks the language
of tbe worker.     He understands the
needs of the worker.     He is ready to
help the worker better his condition.
His Influence is far-reaching.
These things must be recognized iy
the  socle!  worker-who  touches i-je
lives of artisans.    A clear understanding of the mission and the Influence oF
the labor organization Is necessary to
all those who wisb  to work successfully in rehabilitating families of workers.     They must come !o see 1n It
one  of  the  moat  valuable  agencies
family rehabilitation.     Most social workers come from "good famtl-
i."      Their point of view is hound
be different from tbat of the work-
Tlielr language differs from his.
They cannot see W3 problems through
his eyes.     They are often preachy.
Tbey cannot see why a man should do
thus and so when by doing differently
i may remain socially normal.
Not bo the labor leader-    He understands tbe man who Is to be rehabilitated.   He can see things Ihroogh the
eyea   ol   that  man.   He   understands
the rasons for his downfall.   He can
speak to him In bis own language. He
can touch the spot which remains hid-
;erage social worker.    He
quaintance, often friendship, of fellow-
yokemansbip always. He does not
bave to lay out a special scheme for
gaining the confidence of tbe man in
whose rehabilitation he Ib to assist.
He has that confidence. He can do his
work in an off-hand manner. He does
not preach. He simply advises, coun-
srls and Is patient, for patience is the
basis of leadership everywhere, and
most of all in lahor circles. The social worker who would work efficiently
and effectively among those who "fall
below the line" for a time and who
hold membership In labor organizations should make use of these peculiar gifts of the labor leader, by cooperating with him. or rather hy gaining his co-opera Hon.—The Survey.
road as section bands.
During the past year the American
Federation of Lahor Issued 326 charters to national, international, central
local trade and federal labor anions.
r dr.w!
ilitcto knnty swoji sjiyny. W1-.H-
brnnlc toj! sjt;' znaczt rozwlazaule za-
hadkl wnshoji nuzdy.
nem  to
na ugoda n c cgzystuje pomledz;  n
fc Ame       n e o r- majaznndne
ae z zj
no   o
B     KRO
oho n
u   ko   Fpm* a na     idomosc Dis
kow ktory  mleli  ..-ikrulko awojej
unkn         _ sk              \ es     n   C
n   c"
name          nm          K          n
F n
do   n
no I    z   Sk                          z
e       nt!                o.ko          na
i*  no   o
i      o
n po
J'Tn'mmn         s         r,     o«c *-,
O           I
11 bal lotta ggio e quel che c
Judge:   What Is he here for, offl-
Pollceman: I arrested him for dis-
orderly conduct, yonr honor. He told
me that under "Socnllsm siich men as
me would have to do honest work."
Judge:. That's an outrage; I'll have
to give him ten daya.
Dr. de Van's Pemale Pills
Aieliiil. Frenchie«al.[or;tieinlalli. These
pIUi are excefidlDfllT inverfiil In rcsnlatlnz the
Benefsliv- portion ot th* fenulE rttttm.  KbIdje
(Specials i
HIl-LCREST. S Febbrniu.—Alcuni lavoratori che son stall pcgall Ji
meno ai statimenti anno portnto in corte la Western Canadian Coal
Company. E iii loro causa anno portato avanti I'egrimtnio cbe csiste
fra Tunloue e I coroandanti delle mlniere. Iji causa in tcnuta in
Tjlalrmore dove 1'avvocalo che dlfendcva la Compagnla dlsse tutti 1
lavoranti cbe non fan no parte al! "union e non mal potrebbero reclamare
la giornata che e scritta sul 1'grim en to. Queste persone che non fanno
parte all'unione non vi e nessuno egrimento che la Compagnla deve
paga re le loro gtornate.     Dopo argomenti tenuti ln corte i dlfenzori
a! vostrl diri'.ti not
guar date le persone cbe
tano la risa in facce
e vl danno la mano
una volta ogni tr
e aoni
Quando verra. 11 tempo votate per 11 v
stro Compagno. SffjM,,^ll,^,^ft^y.,,,,y^ ,    , H „,.,.„„,,,;,,, ,    ,.,|„ , ,i,,My«i,..l», w«».H»i« I-Wraw
Hks'^ ,-..;.-<1".-.Tf^',v; ''■i -/■**■-' >--*^/i3-.--*n-.. -*, ..- - --j.'1*  •    --   y.   .-.. .-■-V;-'--,;--*.,." ■?,-.'. *.- —.->>-»' ,. - ,-  -    . j *-*
K-^7'7?'::"vyv"s. .?;;'■.'"''.,v,l-ry- .:* * :>y-:y^-'' - V- .y.;'" ";'-,;y*■■'.
-v.- .-~\  ." "jv^V
" 't'.-Tvr^ -'-'■" ?,
. v.X'i^s'*^'
i'V.     '*
i^.T-'i..i'4 v -    .      ''••.■vv.^y^ii'^
B7^MA^i2, i9i2:V:yCV7'i-.;:.Yg;^^yy jj'^c'*^;y7;':;7y ^;;;>vy?7;':'r*--..    } , yyy%.7V?yy-4r-::'i
<"y i'  .
• y -   •■".   -
.Our First''shipment of.womensand missestailored auitarareno-rt, ready for your,; approval.   .
-They,represent;, justwhat is most wearable in the smartest modelsfbr.spring *1912.; ^Navj;serge' ,
suits, perfectly . tailored, a ;suit\that will give the wearer |k»sitiTe'satisfaction, prices '$18.75 : to..' 7
$32.00,. Tweed suits ranging from $16.75 to $25.00 in this seasons newest effects.;.  Jaunty ;'.%yles77
for girls -in navy serges arid new tweed effects, all splendidly tailored arid no question about, .the, S
'.fit; prices from $1^75 to $18.75 _ -'     ' "y " \\„ ,   . . ?y.,;-\ . '""' '■-■ *   >-  * .-•' \ '   7*^yyy y
-*-■■     ..\V '.-   '-'"'-■'' ^S ' NEW-SKIICTS C?V 7 -.   y. ^]'7y^:M;y:yJ.
The* greatest variety of skirts we have ever.shbwn, tbey include most of the called for'styles):-
^ - n - ......,-'*■/    V V *, -     i    * .,.-     .   I-    ," V
77%?y Sfa&< -arriving - daily. •; Our perfectly.1faiat printed English cambric 33 inches wide is-positiveW..
7^thebfest'value*procurabley'7,:-7?7:;:y->y^ y-yv>* •!..• "'i'-* ,-s ■/«■ ■"" y* y*'7'. 7,7 ;v?yv, y
■- -.-.-,*. '•• - •      ^-', - . -■*-,■,.    . •  ■& ■*   -. ?. ..y   7    •   y-    *  --   -. <•!   -..j---.-**,'- . ,
. - ■'- ■.-.-*■       - '    ■'-   •-"■ •-    -* -   s-^"       '----. .*-,   7- *,-;,..    "-".- .v." ■,"' _>   *.".-,y-,: --• _,
. ■*<-
Mens Department
■ Note the cut of the lapels on this coat, ,the
fine   shoulders' and the,drape<of the   skirt. :
This is a style you, will find evclusively in the-
20th Gentury Brand.   Bench-tailored by ex- <
pert needlemen. _- . -
i'     i j:
We Are Exclusive Agents
Take another look at this style. Its fresh
from'thestudioof one of tho greatest designers of America. Seethe full front, the nice'
lapels, the smooth shoulders.. Another exclusive 20th Century creation. (     V  .,
We 'Are Sole Agents   ..„:.. V ?
Here is a new One
A $25.00 Opportunity For Men Who Dress
We will display in our show window special new design's in.the 20th   Century toench-t'a
garments for spring 1912.   These garments w:ll be sold Saturday and Monday at $25.00* ./   ,
'    " - -.." *"■"••   J     '    '   " " •   '   '    :    * ''.,'' *"       ' /'S      ' * " • "' "
,''7;A:$15.00; Special??:-,7 rh'tS-.S",:
-.*."* ', '■."■'',*  ■»     •
-See our  window   for, new spring suits at $15.00,   Theseare well made and of stylish  cut,
made   in   the  newest worsteds and tweeds,in browns, greens, nayysand greys, These will -,be
picked up fast so dont leave your choice too late.  '^ 7    ,'.      '   '7.'*      ' *.
'"'--.*,* . • y'   _ . .- .-.    -* . *
- *    r/ '    '     T".', '.■■''''    *    '> .-s-;' s v   ,;,
r, 1 , * I *•■>.'
"  ■ * - •   n    Hat Specials [   " •'••";/
For Saturday and Monday we will show soft felt hats in new blocks worth" 2.50  arid 3.00
7    •    r  •' '  * ' .   '' *    ,       ..-,'.,. ST.f.f.iji.1 Jki
1 .       ,        SATUEDAY iBP__!0IAL3   7 \
*..     .-. '  ■•-'   f  ..:  -..     .,.'"*' .*   -*-\'y 1.'1   ~
8, lbs. Rolled'Oats "': 7../...:..;........ ?..    .25
, 20 lbs. Rolled Oats ;;. y 7.:..".. •.....'.- - .60
?White Swan'Washing Powder,'3 lb/pkgs.;.'. 7.20
White .Swan, S6ap,-t 6, bars for •........'.    . 20 ?
. White Swan'Lye;' 3 for,"*. V.-...."....-. ;V.. *. .'7. ..25".
Lighthouse Cleanser,"3 for.-...'......... .. <• .25,.
-IBiilkiea, 3 lb for.:. .•; :'. S.......'...  v 1.00
Durham Corn Starch; 2 pkgs. for .. ..-..*..'. 15
-1» -',
.i. \
21bs. for
i a a a *.<
> a a a a a * a t
- Lemon-and Orange, Peel,
-'■Peanuts.''per''lb. ".'.'.'. v.'C..7..'.
^ ^    - _«i *« ^ **   , , v
•Sherriff's Marmalade,   71b tin
.Wild R9se Honey, 2% lb. jars.
•Greengage Plums,' 2 cans for .
' Domestic Sardines, .6 for*	
Salmon,. Tiptop Brand,; 2' for, .......
.Chicken Wheat, 100. lbs '..-./■....-..
-Kollaid-Electric Lamp," 60 watts, each
* Kollaid Electric Lamps', 25 watts, each .;...;'l .75
" Quaker Oo'als, small.'....'?'. ' ".   •    .10
Quaker.and Robin Hood Oats,_5 lbs     .25
. Carnation. Wheat Flakes   ....... ..V ..'   .40
Braid's-Best Coffee,, freshly ground, 2 lbs: for^ . .85
Braids' Big ".A?'5'.' Coffee', freshly,ground 3 lbs. 1.00
Lowney's -Cocoa', ySlb.' tins  „;•'■•■••• -^
Lima Beans, 3 lbs..for.v......-......*.S.S...'.:. .25
Toilet Soap;-regular.7,35 and ".40 boxes-....."." :25
,15 i
- Special $1."50^   Very new—very   stylish Grape Juice, quart!bottles  :.-.
" ' '* - ,-      *     7   '"     '  '■   ' 7 ,v Oyster Biscuits, 2 lbs foi"    ■ '
Here and There
L. P. Eckstein has taken the bar of
. W. R. Rosa, member for this riding,
is expected to'be here on the 5th inst,,
W. Gribblo has accepted tho Socialist nomination of Cumberland, B. C.
Premier,McBride is not expected to
take In Fernie during his electioneering tour. , ■     ''
John McKonl.o/ has boon Btrlclcen
irlth a slight-attack of small-pox, according to a medical report,
Tho monthly tea. given by tho Me;
tbodlst Ladles' Aid -will be held at
the home of Mrs. J. Broloy, on Tuos-
day, March 5th, from 3 to 0,
On Thursday night tho Dancing Ah-
nombly.gavo a very successful masquerade ball, and all thoso who participated returned to their homos In tho
•oarly hours well pleased. Music was
" furnished by tlie Isle. Thontro Orchestra,
A convention- of the Socialist Party
of Canada will bo.hold In'the basement of the Miners' Hall, Fernie, on
Sunday afternoon at 2 p.m.
Tom McGIadrey and MiBS, Nellie
Glover, both of .this city, woro married
on Thursday evening, at the Baptist
Parsonage. Rev. D. M. Thomson officiating.
Tho Uank of Commerce havo opened
a branch tit Athabasca Landing. Today (Friday) witnesses tba passing
away of the Eastern Townships Bank
and all Its 300 brunches, which has
been taken over by tbo Canadian Bank
of Commerce.
Largo crowds aro still bolng attracted, by the Isis high standard pictures.
Tho main feature this wook has been
"Romeo and Juliet,'* and the vast number, of people who havo seen it havo
ono and all voted.it ono of the best
over seen.'., Tho souvenir Wramrao
given away on the occasion was a work
of art, and came In handy to thoso
not well versed with this Shakespearian tragedy. Anothor atractlon which
promises to-be equally ns good ls that
; ontltlod "Sho," Rydor Haggard's mris-
torpleco, ' Tho orchestra continues to
render oxcoodlngly fine music. Tho
other films to bo shown to-night (Friday) and to-morrow, matlneo and evening, nro "Eastern Cowboy," comedy,
"The Oont Hord," "BUI Thinks IIo Is
a Ghost.' Tho feature film on Sun-
day will bo VPriostOHS of Carthage."
Those mining the entertainment to,
be glvon by tho Polmatlor Sisters In
the Victoria Hall will no doubt mils
one of tho boslt musical treats ever
presented In this city, This wesson
th*y am making a speciality of high-
class novelties and musical acta, Toby
carry their own io*nory and thslr costumes and ticenle effects are out of
the ordinary. The concert, which Is
undor tha auspices of the hockey club,
An epidemic of bnrglsry Menu to
ba on the tapis again.   Saturday night
'»»    *.*♦.**».    if>«. •_.*••_ ia    .»._.,...„,-     *t_     i.     »
ware store of the Duthle Co. waa en>
tered from tbe reap, through a window,
tbe glass in which was broken by tbe
robber, and tbe cash register was relieved or eighteen or twenty dollars.
8fsddaby*a atoire was honored by a
call of tbe same Wad. but tbe cash
tetteter waa empty and tbe burglar
■did not -make wages for time and
tremble expended.
Ia beta eases tbe ttwee were entered tbroogb rear vfadowa after the
glass bad bee* brakes.
Here la aa oiftertealty tut 'be At*.
»tay of tome talent by tbo pettee?    ~
C. P. R. Employees In Winnipeg Yards
Claim Their Union Officials Aro
Discriminated Against
WINNIPEG, Fob. 27.—No settlement
has yet been arrived at botweon tho
C, P. R. and its freight handlers, the
latter claiming that since 30 of their
number were dismissed a week ago, 24
othors havo been talcon on to fill tholr
places, despite tho statement by tho
company that thoro who were dismissed wero simply disponsed with owing
to slack bUBlnoss. Tbo men clnlm that
those dismissed wore officials of tlio".
union and woro discriminated against
and demand that thoy bo takon back,
A strike of 1,200 freight handlers at
work in tho yards Is threatened it an
amicable sottloment Ib not reached.
At tho annual congregational mooting of tho Methodist Church, held on
Monday night, the result of tho balloting of that congregation on the
proposed church union of the Presbyterian, Methodists and Congregational
Churches of Canada, was announced aa
Total vote cast, 121. For the proposition, US; against, S, Tho votes
were classified as to regular mem-
bora over It years of age, those undor 18 and tbe adhorenta. Ono of the
official board voted In the nogatlve,
and five of tbe membership.   Ko ad-
wtlvut*     .VUM, «__*__.«_   .-J*  prOiKHM-
l..\_i.   Oi il>_-*_**_4iHc,r, lli-.'o wu.q 13.
There are a few ballots still out but
tbey will not affect the ratio to an
appreciable extent.
The Presbyterian congregation will
and It la thought tbat the vote ot tbat
cbureb will also be la favor of tbe proposed union,
Tbe report ef envelope steward,
Feter Lundle, at tbe meeting
showed tbat tbe Methodist church,
uotwlthiuadlag tb* dlf-leuttUe ot the
strike, waa able te meet all obligations
and start tn lb* new. year with na eve*
balance abeet, wltb the exception of
• small tbetUf* fa lb* tmlWlsg fnad
wbteh baa tteea pravtd*a for.
So Decides Australian Judge In Brisbane Tramway Strike Case—Injunction Xgalnat Companlea
MELBOURNE. Feb. 27~Justlco Higglns, presldont of tho fedoral arbitration court, today gavo his award in tho
chho of tho Brisbane tramway striko.
Ho declared the anti-bad go regulations
of the Melbourne, Brisbane and Ade-
lald authorities to be invalid and has
granted an Injunction to prevent the
companloa from prohibiting tho wearing of trade union bridges on tho men's
uniforms during official, working hours.
Unionists regard thl una a victory of
world-wide Importance and as establishing the right of the men to wear
union badges throughout tho empire,
•' At" the mooting * held on February
25th, which was largely attended, the
following were elected aa committee
for season* 1912: Matt Turnbull, J:
Regg, T. Spear, J. Chesworth, W. Coop-'
or, J. Clarke and'C. Percy. Trainers:
J. Corrigan and, D. Mitchell.' J, Wilson .is. tho referee for the season and
C. Claridge Is the representative to tlie
league meetings," The first league
meeting will bo held later thl. month,
when fixtures, otc, will he made up.
The club wishes to thank tho following patrons for their pron_l_.d sup-
port: W. R. .Wilson, Tritos Wood Co,
P. Burns aud Co., Crow'B'Nest Trndlng
Co., Mutz, B.. McKay and D, Ross,
W. A. Ingram, L, A. Mills, J, L, dates,
Wm Eschwig F. Armstrong, Whelan
Bro., L. CaroBola, Rlznuto Bros., P.
Carosella, I. Mclntyre,'A. W, IJIeasdell,
N. Suddaby, H.' F. McLean, Wm. Mills,
P, Hughes,. S. Wallace, J. LnncaBtor,
M. A. Kastner, J. Wallace, A. Plz.ocolo
District. Lodger-Staff, L, E, Dackuss,
G. M. Miller and yr. Jofferloa.
The club will compete In tho Crow's
NoBt Pass League for cup and medals,
also for the Mutz cup and medals, Any
player wlBhlng to play for Fornlo this
season pleaso wrlto the soorotary—-C.
Claridge, Esq.
. tabor f* a •Mtifconoc" «tr to.ttM
tabemft wbo dlahe*«* labor.
OTTAWA, Feb. 2*8—A needed change
waa also made ln the Masters and Servants act, for. tho protection of workmen. ;  In,previous   years   laborers
_-»»*. •ti.-V-vu _..«#u/ tittliii. ft. iiitf i*<i
lial tj-Ijcj. wmZi U'f.Ai),_i_iU'j3, ttiwttWM
very often difficulties In securing tho
small sums whleh were due. In future If a man Is unable to secure payment of wages promptly, he will go
i_.*,.M<.»TT#i.*„t»,   .,*•._•    *,'"•„    _*"**"•
toV^*>V4  *+ -*i4M-.-jfc«ni»>»»*»V»i *Vu-t«  VW«r  heWv..-*.-    Via,**
bar* power to enforce the payrasnt of
wagea up lo the day of tbe trial, at
tb* earn* rate aa would have bees paid
had tb* man been at work. Tbis will
put an end to this difficulty,   ,
Classified Ads.—Cent a Word
or Cyphers' Incubators in good condl- \
tion; also 6 Indian Runner Ducks and **
Drake, and 200 White Orpington Pul- \
lots.   Albert Davies, Fernio, B.C." tf-2,4
FOR SALE—House on Lot 9,. Block
62, Annex. Apply R. Corner, Box
274 Nanaimo, B. C, or 482 Fernie.'
FOR * SALID.—New Raymond Cabinet Sewing Machine; noiseless and
easy to operate.*, Cost $75, will sell
very cheap 6r: exchange for good hand
machine and cash balance. Apply,
J. I. Row so, Lot .7, Block 01, Chlpmnn
FOR SALE—Bight-roomed, modern
Houso on Macphorson Avonuo; all conveniences, otc.; prlco $1,700 for houso
on 30 by 120 foot lot; or $2,000 for
house on full lot (CO by 120). Terms:
$600 down, balanco'ns rent. Appt.'.
Creo and Moffatt.
- Now- Tork'o wage earner* number
MW.WA of which tbe workers la fa*
tOfte* lead all the rest wltb,* total
at 109,00c. Tbe store clerks are next
te Um with mm.
awwu e>.e»» eewetee. >_a_s **ut*.
The following news comes from Boston: "A hospital for anlmali, costing
$1,1000,000 and, aurpaaalng anything of
Ita kind In tho world, la to bo placed
among tho beautiful publlo buildings
of tbo aristocratic Black Bay District
of Boston as a permanent memorial of
George T, Angell. founder of the Society for tho Prevention ot Cruelty to
Animals," ""
Tho following article, taken from a
Minneapolis newspaper, Is similar, to
thousands of othori that ean bt read at
any time In papers published throughout tho United Stalest "Edward Kelly, erased from hunger and cold, last
nl*... v.t.»n.r..«.| tn at ant n mtit while
a policeman was watching him, saying
that he wanted to get alt months In
the Jail so be could eat.
"Kelly was takes to tbe citation and
given food and after the meal was at-
-srVi».l hv a H»itrtmr» wWCh tha nnllf*
aurgeon explained often resulted from
a long faat ■* \  . .
Uomelcis dogs and eau are provided
with million-dollar homes la aristocratic neighborhoods, .*hll« tb* «nfortt»-
nrjt*men and womeaaad eblldren wbo
have bean robbed from tb* «r»41* t*
tbe grave by tbe pr*ae*t aysUm of •»•
ctety, when tbey ar* la a destitute condition, are takes to flltby JalU-E*.
FOR SALE!—House, 7 rooms, bath
and pantry, connected rango; block
47,' McAvoy Street, Contrally loratod,
All fenced and painted. - $2500, terms,
Cheap for cash. Apply, L. O., Evan,
Box 123.
FOR SALHr-Now Is the time to .order Day-old CHICKS   and   Biggs   for
Hatching from selected laying strain
of Buff Orpington.  Albert Davies,
Fernio, B. C. SS-dt.
IIOUSl. FOR RUNT.—Four-room.*!
Cottage, meat kitchen, clothes closet,
water, sink, electric light fixtures, etc.
Apply, Wm. Barton, Slngfvra' Agonl.
For bne Week
McLean's Drug* & Book Store JJSr.'s
HOUST. FOR RUNT.—Two-roomed
plastered Houso; toilet, water, coal
ahed attached. Apply R, Wright,
Wost Fernie.
David Ross, secretary «t-It*. lUtsoU
rree Katpioyttest Ooi->1_eiot. tt Ikl*
aaanal report says t»*f* are MWS
aoaut ta<uaa uwa ta Ctkaia uwa&
»«k wbo cuiet f*t H,v   ,,'■-, •?.■-
FOR RBNT-Store In tbe Kckateln
Block.    Apply, Croe and Moffatt.
S. C. Pwro Bred Buff Lsghorna"
Egga for hatching; from beat pen for
$!. per 13. Second pen for $3 per IS.
II. D. Wilson, Breeder, Fernie, D. O..
*£, -■_•» l«.t.i_ %un __-_,u_a to ti*.. *.. wfu
em Canada townsite lota. Man wbo
baa bad experience in selling Insurance books, or real estate preferred,
but experience Is not so eaaentlal u
strong personality and willingness to
We are tb* authored selling agent
of tb-i nt*** Tron-, Pacific Ri-llway
for cm* of lu mals line divisional point
towns aad tbe owners of two ether
,„., A good mas can ears Iron IS* to
$100 *e**iy.    Let -«* Uto yc-__ :fc«w
I«S?l4fR*rset tldga, WiMilpet. Man.
Victoria Hall, Mon. Mar. 11th
"_-.'^-.*S"__JIll,..WI...'.B..III.  ■ HI   -IIU ■■,!.■ I<       lli.»ll-lll.«IW1.1WIH-_l
Polmatier Sisters
Under the auspices of the Fernie
High Class Entertainers.   Vocal
and Instrumental. 5 pc. Orchestra
Dance after Concert
Original & best music. Crime and enjoy yourself}
rickets; Qmmk m& Mm $2 & mtfo, tmcui *)l ucl
Two Lote for Bale—Lots I and S,
»..  ...  nn   r» .•wnnvml.T.   Altn     An-
uiV.il>   »'«.   «-.»•>■-■ « • ,
ply, District Ledger.
WANTED—Heavy Horses; young
and active; good to poll, Write me
for particulars. R. Lamont, Creston,
B, C. >Mt-
r>ws> -v>u kv*. **.*«._, cl.* uii^i u»4ti__
of Bornaby, B. C Twenty minutes
walk from tbe New Westminster
Dock*. Will Mil cheap,. Need the
money badly.   Apply, District Ledger,
KDSON-A lot for sale; bargain,
$100 eaab 6r easy paymetata; oa* of
tb* priadpal oealag towns aad a
grad teveatmsiit Apply, ■•■dee*.."
rural* Ledter Of.lt*. rerale. B. a
ADTSt^TtSS.   Iff   TUB   UWKJ**
Tli« Pern?*. StMm lutnnilry itnrf
Dye "Work* report bnsin«_* improving' all tho t.mft, , They arv
mgking a redaction in pri-cei on
Dyeing and French Dry Cleaning
for tht spring trade. Alio •
cheap monthly laundry rate for all
hachetor* will fee given. A trial
fe all they aslr to wnWiif* yum
they are O.K.   •
- yw j. -.,
..*...«.. .     ...
-   ,  <^.#-5|ki.",'_,i^;.-^i'7*|*"*4i4^''-*.-
' V    '        .... t?»*?*!,•!        ■   ■
. jj*f «__.«_. _^____v-_--.. i^rA_d_»._*,.«_.*r_»J&__£ S-ih -J-h'-ni-uigJ-Y uitr.it __^___-____


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