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The District Ledger 1911-04-22

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■*.•-'■■*!•.    *
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^Industrial Diiity ^*"^4^#^mf'S^ -*,.->■/•■ •
" " "' -- ~   ,   '...■■ ■*7>^t^-e"Pe9-97''"
Vol. IV., No; ^5.
The Official*Organ of Dis trict Nb; I8;TJ_ M. W. of A.
%,j. 7 ..-i *.
Political Unity is Strength
$1.00 A YEAR
7*    "■-■*,■   ' , * ~-    *■
siraeiri' inn
st; Staid
Succumbs , After
a Long Siege
at Banff
"■..Oil Tuesday night Mr. and Mrs.'J. F.
.Rudnicki received the sad intelligence
that their beloved daughter, Mrs. C.
. C. Wright, had* passed away'"at 4
o'clock that afternoon at Banff, £lta.,
after a lingering illness \Vhich had
been "borne with remarkable' resigna.
"  ion.-.1'     'r     >     .    , 7'     :    a.
* Tho'deceased* lady" had;a.bosi"of
Meads in the city wlio regret to hear
of her death, and many are the.x-
pregsions of sympathy for tlie mem-
* bers of, the bereaved-family.
Mrs. Wright-was-born in July' _ SS7,
in- Nanticoke, Pa.,-where she graduated', with ' high ** honors, - coming * 'with
• her,; parents to Fernie a little over
five years ago, and three years past
only was lead a blushing bride ,to the
altar-by C. C." Wright-, "who at that
time-was one of. our, local .business
"    men.'     7 ■_    „ "'}.  -.   y-:    y
* **'  .The funeral service willnbe held in
■7 the- Catholic-Church -ou  Saturday ;at
. - 10 o'clock,  \     7 -"   ■*    -    ■ '"   '    .'
It "may be*, taken as a timely suggestion "to, be at th'o  McLean Drug
Store early, tomorrow -morning, when
_ -■ , •      *-
the advance'sale, of-seats for "The
Queeii of tho 'Moulin Rouge" opens,'
• .    **■ * - * '
The' engagement is scheduled for next
Wednesday, night at the Grand Theatre," and-bids' fair to bo witnessed by
■■».-,.>" * ._ •
an,"immense, audience.      It  is   probably, the .most talked bf musical production brought' forward in' the'past
■*.■•. .   ■  ,
two' seasons.     It-comes here direct
-,     ,  *■ . ■
from -ayear's ruri'at the Ciucle Theatre iri New -York, and a six months'
run* at the'Olympic Theatre in Chicago
.whei;e_ it created, nothing less .than a
■sensation. • Snitz ,Edwards and Harry
Short .head a cast of' unusual, excellence. Both the, company and, pro
due tion are of, unusual magnitude,'i.-
quiring a special train of five-cars
for transportation. .The. book,Is by
Paul M. Potter,- with music by John.T.
ITall and lyrics by Vincent,Bryan, and
is said to be'a*-correct .'portrayal of
night life in ■ Paris. Jt-.-is full of
bright* Parisian novelties and an abiin-
dance of songs, hts and' chorus features.     '..,'.'  i"   '.:■'.,
Application .nade April ~15t_.-. 1911,--by- the Executive-Board, of Dis-'
'. .'under"the Industrial Disputes and Investigation* Act bf 1907:    ;
•..J-.7 . .-NATURE   AND   CAUSE. OF , DISPUTE       ■;,*-*-'   ,
Failure to renew .working agrecmeyls which expired March-31st.
During the past week there havo
not been any eyents\,o£ a particularly
startling character _ connected wltli
the existing suspension of coal mining throughout, tlie Eastern portion
of British Columbia' 'and Southern
Alberta. ,
1   The reports from all"points may be
summed,'up in the one word "Quiet."
The, old adage, "Satan always finds
work for idle hands to do" has found
its exception ,in the present contro-*
versy so far.as anything'that might bo
construed as'law-breaking may be con-'
cerned, and that is the interpreta
tion of the aforementioned old-saw.
Even^un'der.normal conditions with so
large" a* number, olj men involved
there are police couVt .cases ,to*bc
.reported but these are consy cugus
by their' dearth and the dulie'.i ct
the,policemen are less on*-y.-.>'i>s tluni
those of a Governor Genoi'nl.'* Such
exemplary conduct speaks volumes for
the sound'common sense of the mine-
workers and is widely, commented
upon by those who have, largely" because of the exaggerative reports that
have been .the order*of 'the day in
the past, when writing, on labor struggles,' expected*.'infractions of thc law
to' be the natural result when ro large
a number, of .neii.a re unemployed at
their usual vocations.. While'lhe ineii
are Idle so"-'„fai\,as mining is concern-^
ed they arc by. no-means unoccupied
exercise of playing tlio trout or inducing* the char to leavo their usual
-haunts and,larders are plentifully supplied with the fdbd that rightly or
wrongly ls calculated to develop brain
matter. Ani'ateur carpentry has Its
many practical students who are renovating their dwellings, putting down
fence posts, or 'enlarging .their present restricted,, quarters in anticipa
tion of the arrival of the "missus"
aiid kiddies from the old land. The
arrival of fine-weathor.'althpngh some
what belated has Emboldened many to
do some gardening, and unless all
signs fail .the crop of vegetables" pro
duced should beat-every record up to
date, both for quality and variety.    ,,
Pn Monday "there was a meeting of
the District"Executive. Board held jn
Pernie, and their - deliberations , yo-
gardng official nnjttcrs were continu
ed on Tuesday. . Their labors consisted principally" in iurther formulation
of pliins outlining, the course to he
pursued during the lifo of the lay-off.
,. There .were' present—Pres. Powell,
Vice-Pres., Stubbs^.Se'c. Treas. Carter,
Board Members Sinith, Jones, McNab
and-Lees. * ; ••,','•.
.Colin'MacLeod, of MacLeod, lawyer,
has,, been selected to represent the
operators 'on the pioanl of Enquiry.
He.occupied, a lik-i, position two-years
ago and now it only remains for the
appointment of a]j chairman -.to commence the investigation. "As yet,.til-
principals; A. J. darter, for the.men,
and .Colin McLeod," for the operators,
have.* not agreed j upon ■> a   chairman,
,.T_io dcmniKl._'ui{.de hy^holli pariios> avo set forth in.tho.aJ.tMehe.1
, -1'-4 minutes of. prbi'cedings'of'the'Joint'Coiifereilce h'olcl'jii"'Calgaiy,'cbin-
.   ';  moncing- March' 2nd.. 1,911,• and further explained'hy* the* attached
■    ngrcoineiils bf the, "Western"Co'al Operators' ^ssoeiatipn, Corbin Goal
and Coke Co.,-Canadian Coal Consolidated Company, and DisHricL 18,
U.M. W. of A,', and between tho Montana Coal Dperators'-As'sbciation.
, ' and District No. '27, United ]\Iine Workers of America.. ,,
"i v Attached agreemeutsi provide for .meeting to discuss- renewal
thirty days prior to cxpirntioiv'nnd attached minutes bf Joint Conference held in.Calgary, Albertn,,demonstrate that this was carried out-,
.,nnd that.the "Representatives-of District IS made nn-earnest effort
to avrive^nt renewalbcfore expiration.,       *   • ' ■'   .    .',.,
.Person recommended as mcnib'cr on the Board of Conciliation and
' Investigation—,A, J; CAirPEK, Fernie, B. C. i     .       '   '    ,.'
Signnturcs of parties maldng np])liontion:. '
■"."   --   ',*     ' AV. li. ?0"\VFd'jL, President. * ,    ,,,       '.,-■■
'  ' '.     A*. J. CARTER, Secretary-Treasurer,
.'• • District 18, U. M. AV. of A.    '
.Tho following: are suggested as a basis of Negotiations Looking to
* Renewal, of'Agreement by .Representatives of District 18, Unitod
Mine Workers of America
1. ■ Tlio fixing of contract rates on all new-work before tho gene-
* •    ral agreement is discussed.   This applies to long wall work at;
Conl Creek—Mines No. 1, North *, No. 1, South; No. 2; No. 3 •
No.!).      .    ' ■> "*. -
Mioho]—Mino No.3, No. 8 South (now work)..
- ■ •     l-Jlrtirmoro Minos, AVest Canadian Collieries.   .
- -        Frank Minos, Canadian Conl Consolidated,
Bankhoad Minos.
2. The oliminntion of inequnlitiofl in prices paid through the district on timbering nnd tlio contrnct mining rato nt Michel (Mines No,
.?.. 4, 5, and 7); Lillo, Bcnr Volley j Lethbridge A. 11. and I; Royal Col-
"' liorics! Cnnmoro and Ilillcrcst. -     ■
.1.   Thn adoption of the general provisions of tho ngi-f-r-mr-nt' as a
hnfiis of ncgotiniioiiN, with tiinoiulnuints to ho introdncod ns the clauses
■   aro dealt with, and additions to ho, submitted.
4'.   The same day-wago senlo ns is provided for in tho agreement
botwoon tlio Montana Conl Oporntors' Association and District 27,
IT. M. AV. of A„ with proportionate ntlvimept. on nil'work not covered
■■ '     bv the agreement montionod, and with Engineers and MoehnnicR classi-
' find.
f). An advanco of 5.55 por cont on all contract and dend work
rritCH after adjustments aro mndo,
fl,   A uniform price-list for supplies,
7,   All ngroonvuits to oxpiro on tlio 3lHt dny of August, 1032.
In reply to tho suggestion of tho roprosontatlvos of District 1ft
Unitod Mino Workors of Amorioa, tho Scalo Committee of tho Western
Ooal Operators' Association would suggest:
3. In regard to tlio fixing of contract rates on all now work be-,
i'oro the genernl agreement in discussed:
Tho prices nrd matters of concern undor tho old individual
agreements',' nnd aro matters for settlement in the way provided hy
those ngroomonts nnd nro question that this Scalo Committee, has
not authority to aet on except for tho making of rate to govern
the same nftcr March 31k1, 1013; nnd will have to come up in tlio
i orduinry course ot Hie iniiKing oi ino ngm'iiii^ii- ami um imve any
»p._xi.iJ ii.vf-viwm*. wire xiil.cv x),tus<;t> xji niics.
AVo would suggest tlmt all vnutritct rales for now work thai
nr. to bo <*on»idcr*pd should he df-nlt with in a*t>oordnn«*o with pro-
visions Ihat mny ho provided for in tlie now agreement.
2. Tlio elimination of innqin. IUohJii prices, etc., is n mnttor that
ilJlfl lllll 111 IJ K|M-.rirt_ J»1V n'l x'XXfx." *u'»«> m_)ii*.V ViimnVn, l<l.i* nnVni   m,   mnWI tn
the ordinary eourfio in (lio n]|nking of a new agreement.
3. AVo will accept the general provision of tho prosont agreement
- ns n basis of negotiations, with such amendments as mny be. agreed to.
4. AVo cannot accept the Montana scale of wages for. tho reason
!      Hint the conditions and hours of work nro nol lhe snmo.
H. Thr** whim*? mf***"? of litis district art-*1 nlrendv vory high, nnd
tho present market price of «'(i»l will not permit of any general in*
G.   AVo will agree to a uniform prico. list for -supplies so inr as
7. AVe tsee no reason for clinngintr of tlio dato of the expiration of
the ngrceineiit, and nugge-at tlie next agreement expire Mnrch Hist,
and tne rrexl_focOTalI"^^rscrn ouglTTTo
show' the benefit 'of so muclM'i'a-ttc-**
as the present .affords such excellent
'opportunities for. in'clulging In. Xol
only, this" recreation has its numerous
following but the disciple's of the art
;*t*of 'J¥aai.''WiIl£oir R^e gi'alifying their
„On-Wednesday Pres.'Powell and
Board Member Smith, and International Board-Member Garner, attended
a meeting of Michel Local arid gave a
full, account of the, meeting at Frank,
where it was decided to accede to the
request i of the .Departmentof Labor
for the appointment of a ' Board of
Enquiry under the Lemieux Act. Tlie
discussions , indulged in ' were quite
lengthy and many questons came ap
from the body of the hall which were
threshed out' and explained. Any
lingering,suspicion that may have existed in the mniils of .Outsiders that the
men were anxious to-return to work
pending investigation would, have been
vory effectually dspelled had they
been at-Michel, as the men showed the
same determination that is noticeable
throughout the district to await the
fndings of the Board before even giving tho thought of going back to wor];
the slightest consideration.    '
* Mr. Moran, of District _3 (Iowa),
reached,town on Friday morning from
Montana, iYliei'--'"_l-1i-2re liacl been a
small body of men out he succeeded
in having, tliem placed'back to work
and-.compensation' allowed them on
the'basis of "?..R0-per day for The
time  (15 days)  Ihey1 were idle.
Messrs.: Powell, Garner and Smith
are today . (Friday) visiting Corbin
for tho purpose of addressing a meeting there.
AVth regard' (o the " contemplated
Board of Investigation," there is one
fact that, ho' members are desired .not
■lo lose sight of, and ihat*'is neither
All Odd Fellows resident and visiting are asked to remember the'annual
church service, Sunday, April 23rd. All
brother Odd Fellows will meet at K. P.
Hall ,at 7 p.m. sharp and march to
the Baptist Church. Rev. Thomson will
preach.   ""      ■    .
The Rebekahs will also, participate
in'the services,'-and will .meet at the
hall at the same hour. •'
Boxing Boutt on
Monday Last
Goes Limit
' The.
Xo, you can bet your life it was no
fake fight, but good, clean' scrapping
j from! the  turn' loose,,and* everybody
I who was there (and. they were quite
Benevolent    Brotherhood    oIja ■nil;-nbei.)  sald  lhat they had' been
Brasspqunders  was  well   represented
in town Sunday last in attendance'-.at
one of the regular gatherings of the
clan.'." Many items of interest "to the
craft wero discussed, and a real good
social time whiled away until thc hour
for "departure arrives.    -      '*,
Among those who are members of
tho Crow'ls'Xest Section qf the C.P.R.
Division, No. 7, O R T comprising all
agreeably dsappointed, Who had tlie
best of il? .From a scientific point,
of view Pigeon is "a far more capable
ring general tlihnhis opponent, who
showed himself to be a novice in corn-
■P *-.
pa'risjon. at the same time he sure
had the best of it as a fighter, . of
course he is nol only a younger man'
station's    between,   Lellibridge-. and but also heavier, although he received
.Kootenay Landing,thut were present
avo noted:      Stevens,    Wickett    and
some terrific whacks' he toolc his nie-
TJ.„,,,,    . ,. r  „,      -. r,        ..    dicine like a thoroughbred.     _ Dra-
Hewilt,   from   McLeod;     McDermott,
Brocket;'  Burgess,  Michel;     McGilli-; 80u '"ten*-8 t0 follow the pnuchiusan
way, Galloway; Hoist, Jaffray; Green,] instead of digging coal there.i$-not
Wardner;   Watson* (chaicman),  Hos-i the shadow of doubt ('hat. under pro-
mer;   .Millar, AVinters and  Simpson,[„er ^dUyr he vijj make hig mark
Fernie. - „ ■ ,    . •)••,,- ,,      4     ,    ,  ■'
™    ,  •  ,      '..       ,     ,      ,   ,;   .     in tbe nr.g.    .Possessed of courage,
lho  next, meeting., .to   be .held . m ■ _
'Fernie is scheduled foi- the third'Sun- j endurance and cool temperament.-he
day in .1 une.        .      - .   - ! has the requisites so necessary • as a
 .__ .-  * 'j foundation, these coupled with traiii-
ARRiVAL OF OUTSIDE TALENT -'ing will cause liiin to blossom out  i'n
He   wastes •-' tbo  much
V   <
,[aiTIng~ui)o_"ir_iftun'ialiy~ sansfacTory
candidate, the Minister' of Labor will
appoint the charmr.ii._ - , '
' Charles Garner,' Intern atonal Board
Member, wafc in to\*.*n 'for a few hours
this week in' cogitation with * the
meiiibeVii of the iu?*,lric't .Toiird. -*"
the invesrigalioiit„Boa~rd nor my otlie.
circumstances will permit any' ar;
rnngements being made for., the renewal of-operations until they themselves say ihat they aro satisfied' with
Ihe^terms .on, whicli work' .shall,,"b'e,
resumed," **"        '"      "        '' '
Old   Organization   Being' Revived'
* Nova ,Scfttla—Enters Employ as
Members of Union
SPRINGHILL, N. S„ April 14—John
Moffatt, grand secretary of the Provincial Workmen's Asociation and S.
B.'-MacNelll,■ grand master, are nr
Springhiil organizing the old Ploneor
lodgo of the P. W, A. .When • the
United Mlno Workers became a* factor
in ni.lnlng circles in Nova Scotia thoy
swopt nwny Springhiil and Pioneer
lodge gavo up its charter, One ronson for tlio .reorganization of Pioneer
lodge la that the workmen 'who enter
tho company's employ In tho faco of
the strikers may do so ns lnombors^of
a union which Is not easy nt present,
tlioro being no lnbor organization other than tho United Mlno Workers.
Thoro is considerable comment be*
cnuso of tho action of a Salvation iinny
captain at two • services .held here
wlion mon who lind left tlio U. M. W,
of Ai to work in tlio mlnos were pro*
soul. Tho captain nRkotl thom to re-
tiro from tlio mootlnff as tlioy wore
pbjcotlonablo to tho strikers,
, Votir kindly comment8 upon tlio oqu
tno spoclos In hint wooIc'h "LoiJaor"
lmvo ombolilonoil xis to ask jiornilH-
sion to "kick ovor tlio tracou'-* imctn*
period of labor we deem to be "class
and ass" legislation of Die worst kind
and-wo hope that our friends of th'e
S. P,,. U. of A. will see that It. ls'declared, unconstitutionitl; .furthermore,
.we lire unanimous In declaring for
an eight hoiir, stable to stable day.
Wo.'iiro glad to note that our epicurean tastes in tho,matter of water
are recognized and that clean wator
Bhould bo' supplied, also that stables
should be well ventilated and that
walls, woodwork' and all othor parts
of our' quarters made sanitary, a defect so commonplace ns not, to create
comment. In many of the dwellings
whoro our two-footed companions herd
Wo appreciate the nlluslon to tho
condliions of some nilnes, and that
(hoy constitute a "danger not only
to horses but workmon."
Wltli regard to our blind brethren
wo dlsngrco with tlio suggestion that,
thoy should bo allowod to work In
mines and consider that when sight
hns boon dostroyod (1ml "A homo
(grnssy pasture) for lncapueltntod
horses .should bo provided," bocauso
whon a horso Jins become thim afflicted
ho ought to bo entitled to u-rest at.
tlio lixpoiiflo nf Iho owner, nnd not
Irwilo'l solnooiiHldomtoly iih aro mnny
tfroo" mon who nro compollod lo solicit
alms with which to buy his oats,
Tlioro in much mora that might bo
said, lint spneo forbids,   ,
Tlinnklim you for tho privilege of
nildroHfllim tlio public,
_A_n  iiuTwIilnnl  *wl_j'",fhp  -ipm_ipuinie,
good .shape.
lihorlonlly) nnd niik lho cour/osy of ii
littlo additional flpara ns wo consider
oursolvos Import*)nt fnctoru In tho In
dtistry of conl mlntiiR" thi-oumhout District 18,   , /
Wo hnvo recently loahiod thnl. cortnln rocommondntlonn hnvo beon mndo
by tho Royal CommlsMon of Miiioh In
Oroat «rltalri rclntl^o to tho treatment of our clnRH./nnd allhoin.ii wo
hayo not tho Rllnfitost .objection to
being considered steadfast upholder*.
of tho'-'stnnd pnf" policy, novortlioloon
Tho II. Hut liven MncDonnld Conceit
Party will npponr In Kornlo at tho
MolliortlBt Church, Wodnnsdny, April
_Gtli. Admlnnlon fiQc, Concort to
bogln nt R p.m.
Thoy romo very favorably reform-
monitod from (ho points whoro (hoy
hnvo nlrondy npponrod. Tho Wlntil-
peg Proo Proas:
LONDON, Mnrch 20th--Thone South
Wales coal minors lo the number of
over 12,000 wlio havo been on strike
in the llhonddn Valley since last November, have by a fresh ballot voted
by a majority of ovor twenty to ono
ngninst tho sli-Jko being settled,   The
term's'offered by the employers look
fair onough lo tho outsider, but (he
men urgo thnt tlie.y will bo worso off
than they originally were.     Tho mnttor Is apparently a trivial ono, but has
far reaching conscquoncos.    II. Is concerned with tho rato of wngos to be
definitely  pnld  for working a particular  Hoam  of conl—the Bute seam
In the, Ely* pit.     As far buck as tbo
beginning of AugiiHt lust the mon employed on this Bonni struck work; Tho
conl ownors replied that unless tho
men, returned -tho wholo of lho  pit
would bo lockod oui,     This lookout
took place nt tho ond of August, Off
and ou sympathetic st likes hav tnk*
on plnco during tho Intoi'vonliig porlod
ovor tho rest of tho Welsh conl flold
and many coiifcronfOH   hnvo   tnkon
place both hut wood men mid employ*
ors, and men, omployoi-» and lho Government Honrd of Trndo.     Tho lml-
lot Just conducted wiih rogiirdnd by
Iho i-ili'llion* iik being forced upon then,
nnd iih I havo Htild dosplto llm overwhelming mlsory and wantjirovaliliiK
In tho strike area tho men will lmvo
uothlriK whatever  to do  wllh  nny
Bottlomont short of what, thoy lliom*
selves domnnd,    The Btrlko has produced nn noulo flnnncliil crlnls In tho
hUlory of the Houth  W11I014  Mliinrn'
name df Jo_n*,,Cor]af_e.d, was brought
in on Thursday, morning's'trail from
Marysville in the custody of Constable i
A. panics, charged with,,vagrancy and
'5,011 lonced , to 30-days bard  labor, in
tlje. .city; hostelry,
'Owing  tb  tlio fact   that  our  own
*\ *--
citizens'are of such exemplary'conduot
that the guardians of tlifj peaco are
in full enjoyment of a sinecure, outside importations will bo acceptable
because of very'slack business in tho
local bastilo being inadequate In lis
supply • of recruits,* for the "Whilo
Wings Brigade.'
energy. swiiigTugTbT:. iTglTPinstead • oT—
practising short" arm' jabs which le^ds
to take more steam* out of liini'tban
.the punishment, .by comparison*'be
can inflict upon his adversary. • Pigeon is remarkably nimble on-hir, under
pinning and knows'how lo work his *
i     > *
bond to good account, but lias reached
the age when the majority of men are
looking  for   less   strenuous   activity,''
than the ring exacts.
The  result *wns    a    draw. ", Geo.
O'Brien officiated hs referee.-
In tho mattor of the Industrial Disputes Investigation Aot, 1907, and
of a Dispute between:-— «
.District Eighteen of tlie United Mino Workers oi' America, rc-
pi'L-senting the employees of Ilia companies comprising tho "Western
Conl Opornlors' Association,  (Employees)
"II. nuthvon  MacDonald    Is . that
wo oxpoct (ha-, our holiday will tor-t rmity—ttit> Blngor nviih a apul.   Miss
nnn mo uomo day and we stiiill unco
again bo wearing the Insignia of t.o,v-
rltudc, Ihcr.-foro a few observations o;i
tho rofcoiinnondulloiia .roforrod to mo
deemed hi order.
Uur crjiiCB (it-kiiowU-dBo Ibat wc
Bhould hnvo ndoqunto -pt'tioiln of renl
In onch 54 hours, but discount thlfl
Bomowhal by nuRfiOHtlni; that It* may
not bo prnctlcnhlo to glvo ub nn .lalit
hour day. Thl« I» In Uh vory essenfo
a ''onfrii'llc-tlon, liflcnurc whero Dw'
mor: work only 8 hours by whnt me-
(liu'l can \,u lu employed '.vltliuut lu
curi'lng (ho risk of working a dnulilo
sli-ft or 1<1 hours?
•Klght hours Is conBldored onoiiRli
fer a mnn ■tindnrRround; olght Iiourn
U xho worltliiK d_y of thoso four fool
-.jurlliu Afny *t.'iiuWoi._ Imh a puvnUuii Mr Alunirt Anderson, rupit-m-iiUiuv*.
volco with n big tonipasB, her upper, of (lie GT.H., Pacific coasi dlvUlon, n
nolM bcliiK an clonr n* n lnrk'«.
"Mrs, MacDonald plnyed tho overture and ncf-ompilnlninntR mosl cffl-
Minn Mildred flordon, an honor
graduato and gold mcdnllst of Alma
f'olloKo, RI. Thoinna,'"Out., I« cortnln
ly ono of (ho brlglilcBt filnra of (he
olocutloiinry  flrmnroont.--The Htnnd-
nnl, S'f   fnthfrln-pn.    '*'' •
Tn r.oir of tlio wiPitrMtlrtn mndo In So.*lmn Thrno, wo nro now pn
iMircil to lako up lho K'-wral pmvMon of thc present ugrcomciit ulnuhc I h(»nco io lmpo«o upon iih nny "longer
f»y oliiviHO.
A t-urloiiB point was decided by tha
French rnurts recently. A railway
conirnolf-r hnd doelnred n lock-out owing lo n dl«p\n . but ihe mini -workod
on and lho rourt* -gavo juflKmcTit an-
The Wostorn ('onl Oporators' Association (Kmployors)..
The Western Coal Operators' Association comprising thc following I'OiiipanicH:— '       • ,
lliinUhond Mines, Limited  : Hanhhead
Tins II. W. ".McNeill Co.. Mmilail  ':.' ..Canmoro
Alborta Railway and Irrigation Co, .,..' ...Lethbridge
"West. Canadian Collieries, Limited   ■ Blnirmoro
Tlio Intonuitioniil ('mil and Coke Co., Ltd Coleman
It oval Collieries, Limited   Lolhliridgo
Chinook Conl Co., Ltd  ,    .Lothhridgo
Loitch Collieries, Limited  ,,..- - l.isshurg
Davenport Conl Compnny   Hurmis
The Crow's .Vest Pass Coal Co., Lid Fernie, ],, C.
The Corhin Conl and Coke Co.. Ltd Corliin. It. C.
Tlio Hosmer .Mines, Limited  Hosmer, M. (',
Diamond Coal Co,, Limited  ,, Diamond City
Cimndian (Jonl Consolidated Limited  ,, .",. .Frank, Alta.
HillereHt, ('ollieries. Limited  : *, Ilillerosl.
The Maple Lenf (.!oal Co  Maple Leaf
In reply to lho apjiliciiti'in for tlm appointment of a Hoard of
Conciliation and Investlgnlion nays:*---
1, That we have heen nimble to rc-new the agreements with oni*
employees which expired on the :11st 'of .March, 1.111,
_. That. w«* arc ready to enter, *itn! desirous of entering, into a
now agreement that will he fair and t-ipiiluble,
U. That, wo believe thnl the Hoard should be constituted nt the
earliest possible momont, nnd make n thorouirh investigation of all
matters relating to the operation of the several collieries.
•1, Tlinl, in the iiiteresls nf the public, and (lie umlual welfare
ojP tho men and the operaIftrs, we desire. Hint the Hoard should ro-
\,!,.,...i.tt\, ..,i.t .imi i .... «<*,.'< • ->.' ... i it.* i ,, a, *.', «_ «.,..-.,j*, ii'i i ut tn r *ril <*e-
: ii*en1'-'. "i-nil lipoid 1hi"-*e fn-r-'u-vl   Mr':1:.''   with   the'r   .•:m*i.i.i.-, ,,.*, j,.,.^
demoralization of luislnei-s nnd losses lo nil coneerned.
.     _ , , . Y„    , _     ...    ,     . Ti.I. Thai wo reeoiiiineml the appoinimcul of Colin Mm-Leod. of
::;;: z&sz ..s:^,:::;:, ^^«»™ < .*» >•■ •• • •« '»* - —' r <•,.
eonferenco botweeii lho eompiiny audi'    ' T*,„,lif1'„, *>r„„i „, ,t   ;,, n.    i».   . :.        f  ut     .     n ■    i,.,    i
Die men wab rc"*peci ui iviiKes.     A, .    ,.',    .    ,,   .,'... ' " .... ,,.,,.  ...
|_J_\VfK STdCKKTT, I'resident.
Ilosmer, U. C,
O. K. S. WIIITKSIDK, Aeliag Sivy. TreaH.'
,    Ci!. .ii.tii. Allii.
Now Schedule of Wno«i Granted by
C.P.R. to Maintenance-of-Way Men
ronfor-JitP* wan hold hint Doccmbor
but at that (lino (ho -rompntiy desired
lo front wllh t.io'1-.iutern and Western dklslon. ,Bopnrn\oIy, an arrniiRu-
ment t" which tjif wn would not
onnvont Af tho •_ii'nnti*eil")-ilhTfiir]
tlu< cmiipnny wtlvod this ■ i»ropounl j To j
and nlioiit rt wroV. aw o» asrecm-nf J Till',  IH'-CISTUAI:
uiik reached ftrnntlnK nu Incirane of
iV. por rout <o mnlnt-rnnnrp-of-way  T<).
vldlfui, and 15 ppr rent  to (Iiohp nl
•nii-ii on tho Weatorn dlvbdon nnd t."»
j,.r ani tn IhoM* on lhe Kamrn div)*-
i ii
Depai'tiiM'nl of Labor, OTTAWA. Out,
■I    i'i'l    hlM-nillfilllllll,
Th/i nptv* nohrdnlr  f-i tn dntf
c»f* ?. x-fntfinritt of fudla calf'M •*■-. pimp,'**, i'l"'"' ■>h" onntrtirtnr for fho nmo'inf ofjf-in. 	
tlu-lr w«Kt<8.—Tho Wlcklow People,   jfrom (lie fir . of lmt Decemli-f-r. '
W, 11. I'OWKLL, Ksr,, I'lwi.l.'iu Di.c-i.-l  is. C. M. \\\ of A..
COLKMAN. Altn.    •
And to;
a. ,r. cAirrci;. i:..ii.. }.___..:_.i-> n;.,uui is. u. jr..\v. «f a.,
yiemxft evayonetokiow
fyat we are paying *
c~4_. Interest^
perararam creW mTtirf
oa savings .eposits^l
varo suij
,. '
toalfy cheque
•on Me Deposits of-'
. We invest money for clients
in first mortgages _.5o a
general financial business.
We waril Your saving acctii
Sifpu are not savin*
s'jsTema'tieaftY', * * — •*-■
Commence NOW Withll5.
deposits ty mail sr**^
■*"*■•*■ easily "handle. —
Wean send ty'Draft,,
Post Office ■*■ Stress
Orhv ov Re^istereS^?*_
better & withdrawals
can be maBeT*
- ■      it'^rl-   1     **
HK_ir - !,
„ or To. axryone \a * -
1 T T T1
4   Ilii
ft TOT
Vancouver B.C,
Wf»ai_ Are
YOU Worth
From the
(lie average man Ib
worth 42 a dny from
tlio ncclc (fawn-wlim
la ho wortii Irom the
neck vpt
That depends entirely upon trnlnlntr.
If you aro trained no
thnt you plan nnd
direct worlc you aro
■worth ten times ns
much us Iho man
who can work only
under ordors.
The Ini.frill.nil
C_-.iipo.Kl.n_i Schools
eo to tho man who In
utiWRlIni*. along, on
small pay and say to
him. ''AVo will train
you (oi' promotion
right wlioro you are,
or we will qualify
you to tnko up a
more congenial lino
ol work nt u much
higher,, snlnry,"
Every month several hundred students voluntarily
report advancement
as the direct result
oil. C. 8, training,
You nood not leave
your present work,
or your own homo.
Mark ihls coupon at
once and mail It.
The Dear Public, Don't You Know, Suddenly Make
A Discovery—The Miners Are Not Working,
And Our Dearest Hopes Kicked in
John O. Jones, secretary of the Miners' Union, Hillcrest, writes as fo.
lows: •       -
In reading some of the papers of
thiSv'dlstrict I notice the public are demanding a say in the settling of this
suspension of operations 'In the eoal
mines of this part of the country,-as
they feel they" are suffering, ' and
should have a voice in a dispute which
threatens to ruin their chances of a
prosperous year.     One thing you will
always notice in cases of this nature
■*-    , i
the public suddenly become very interested in our affairs as soon as
there ,is' a suspension, but they
never say a word so long as we keep
on working, no matter under what
conditions, no matter how little money
We have to work for, no matter how
many'of us are crippled for life, and
no matter ho wmariy of1 "us even sacrifice our lives, leaving countless widows and orphans. Allow me to explain some of the conditions whloh
people have to live under in many, of
the towns in the'Pass.
Men  have to  sometimes work all
month hard, amongst poisonous gases
npt knowing when.they might explode
and at the end of the month find out
that they have not a cent of pay com
ing to'them; "others, maybe, having
$1.85 and $2.75 and some $3.00 a day
after paying board.      Now, we will
take .it for granted that the avc-agt-
wage is.$3.00 a day, and*'that seventeen days' a month for the whole year
around ,a basis which;' I can' assure
you, are both on,the high side of the
average.    Well, $3.00 a day for seventeen days equals $51.00.    Now, how is
a person. going to live on' $51.00  a
month' paying the present high prices
for' the necessaries of life, which • we
always  have-to,  especially ■ in- these
coal camps/'   Can a man keep a family, can he clothe his children* a little
school and  take their places among
children of the public or o£_the business people.     Just imagine, for"instance, log-cabins built years ago by
oldtlmers or pioneers who have left
them.     Companies lay claim to them
and charge as high as $6 to" $8 per
month, • and ,some of them are filthy
with bugs;  no lights, no water system, no sanitation, not even a scavenger cart to take the refuse away which
ls  bound  to  gather  ln  tho  winter.
These places I have mentioned are to
be found in every camp Jn the Pass,
and lots of horses and mules in some
placos have better place to live in,
Now, let us tako houses which the
companies build, three-roomed houses $12.00- ii month,, and four-roomed
houses $16.00 a month. Most, of .these
houses are poorly built. No lights,
no water, and a pllo of refuse lying
near them that lt would take a scaven
ger two days to clear around one
house.. Take this $12.00 or, $16.00
for rent from a man with a wife and
children who is getting the wages I
have.mentioned, and tell me how he
is -  - ■'
Going  to   Live   Decent
and, remember, there are married
men around the mines, common laborers, whose scale is $2.25 a day.
Some of them only wills, when the
mines work, the avej/ge time being
as I said, sevehtee'.'/days, at $2.25
equals $38.25. Where Is he getting off
at,.,can someone tell me? , Or, .take
again a single man, can he live on
$51.00 a month? He has to pay $30.00
for board a month. ' Why, It is' impossible. He cannot do it. He will
get disgusted. He cannot clothe himself decently enough'to associate with
anyone above • his own standard.
Now, I do not think' the public are
acquainted with the conditions under- which the coal miners have to
live, • or try to live, I should say; or
else they would rebel against such a
form of civilization being practised
right in'the midst of them. No, .hey
are misinformed, and all that seems
to interest them is to keep the miner
at work, and as long-as he does that
and spends' his little bit of money
with them'he is a good fellow,'biit
just as soon as he stops on account of
these same conditions „being unfavorable for him to. look after his children in* the, proper ma'hner, then he
becomes no good.
No Faith in Arbitration ,
• He then is what some of pur newspapers have classed "a strike and
•strife breeding individual." * Some of
ihe people and some of.the press and
all of the operators, say they would
like to1 see,arbitration with this .suspension. *■' Now, where did we ever get
anything through submitting to arbitration. What'is our past experience
What did we-'get when we stood for
_t_uat__Hillcrest. jlth^Mi_ni_ste_r___G_rant..
of Fernie,'as chairman?. % Why, we lost
ten cents a ton: Can you wonder why
the miners do not want to submit to
it again? Sir Joseph Ward, prime
minister of,New Zealand, on his recent trip' through the country, gave
it out that a dlsputo of this nature
would soon be settled in his Country,
and he also*said, that there were no
strikes over there, unless some one
was punished by fining them., Now,
Mr. Editor, if anyone cares'to talte
the trouble to look up the records of
the Industrial Disputes Arbitration and
Conciliation Act of New Zealand, thoy
will find that tho very first case tried
under it, In tho North Island about 12
years ago, aB near aB I can remember,
took 12 cents a day off the quartz
miners, who wero receiving tho small
wages of $2.25 a day, or nine shillings.
Now, lt Is no uso for him to say
that there ai-o never any strikes there,
for there wasa-big strike iu New Zealand about a year and a half ago, at, a
place 'called ..Hiintly, which, \ believe,
lasted, about-Jive weeks, ami .nobody"
was fined.'.,.* In'.fact, I don't-think"!
could count all'" the strikes that have
happened in'""that country" during, the
last six years'on my fingers and toes.
and I don't happen tb have, lost'*any.'
I merely - point- this,, fact out to. tho
public to show' the utter uselessness of,
co'm'pulsorary arbitration,', in so far as'
justice to the miner is concerned;'for
I know that the'miners of New Zealand never, have been satisfied;,with
it. Now,,let me have a few words about,a Royal'Commission, that..." hear'
so much "about." Hon. McKenzie King
says there is evidently,
A Nigger In the "Woodpile
somewhere.   If he, had said'-.the miners were all niggers "in"a woodpile,I
do not think any of us would have
been able to deny if 'We'.sure are
niggers in a woodpile, and we are ashamed to come^out of ll for common
decency.     For our clothes are7 not
such as we could associate with so-
called public and we have at ieast a
little pride, and do not care, as a rule,
to divulge the^ secret conditions under
which we live',* for we would be shunned by decent' living people, besides
being victimized if we' got out and
made a holler about it In our unions,
for I know several, good fellows .who
have been victimized' and cannot get
work in some of the camps   of * the
Pass on that very account. If the public of this district and the  Government are Interested in our. affairs, let
them-appoint a.Royal Commission if
they want to, and let them sift everything to the very bottom.   Go around
and look at the, shacks, enquire into
the whole thing, and'-hide nothing. If
they .will do'that I have no fear for
the outcome.   But will they do it?  No,
they will not, as it would be a blot "on
the    Canadian .standard   of   living,
which the Government do' not want at
these times of advertisment and emigration.'  If they, sift the whole thing,
and take the advanced prices of the
necessaries of life into account with
the other, conditions, tliey will find it
takes a man with an income of $100 a
month to, live half decently,'and he
won't have many luxuries at that. -   ,
Why don't the public get out and
publish something, or express   themselves on what* they consider a'fair
day's  or  month's  pay for  a  person
.working in .the bowels of the earth.
They .know' what it costs to live in
these camps' as well as we do.   Some'
of them know the" conditions under
which we.live as well. They cla'inTto
be.very interested; so do some of the
press.- .Well, get out.apd declare yourselves!   *We~eHena"7ou!rEeaH'y_fnvI~
tatlon to answer this question: What
do you' consider, a..miner should have,
for a month's .or* a'day's work underground.   Let us hear you talk, if you
aro not afraid .^."offend    the   coal
barons. '•'-.,
• Beware.6.
Imitations :
Sold,'on the
Ilrice2Scts.fK«| Mei-;s of v
y--aiM1TED~.J| Minard's;
August 6-11.'
$3,000/000. Concern   Starts   Up * Near
'     , Ladysmlth—Will . Plant  New
Townslte   , *   .
A '"hew mining concern called the
La'dysmith'Collieries; Limited, lias just
been incorporated. It is capitalized
at $3,000,000,^ and will, when operating,-
"probably tend to bring about the much-
needed reduction in the price of coal.
The new . company , has secured by"
purchase 1,700 acres of .valuable coal
lands ,on the outskirts of Ladysmlth,
near enough to make that city the
temporary headquarters" of. the company but not near enough to be perma-
nently convenient.* Considerable testing has. proved' to the satisfaction of
the .promoters that the lands are be_
yondv average, richness. .-* This,' taken
. - -,
with other advantages, which they believe, to, be associated with'the location of- the mines. Induces them* to
place, the utmost' faith in the -enterprise.   ,    [   '    '    .
The project, -when a working basis
has been reached;- a, consummation
that is expected to take place within
a few months, ..will entail the establishment of a new townsite to accomodate
.the_j_hpusarid or more men , who1 will
be employed1 in the mines. At '.he
outset it is expected' that ai' least „
thousand'*  men will be' put to. work
OTTAWA, April' 14,-The capital
stock of the * Canadian North Pacific
Fisheries has been Increased from ?!_.-
500,000 to $4,000,000.
' The Canmore Coal Co., Ltd., has
been Incorporated with a cnpltnl stock
of $50,000 The head office is at Can-
more, Alta
The International Mining Company
of Canada has been Incorporated with
its head offlco at Toronto Its capital
Is $6,000,000
and later when the-mines'are opened,
up, the number "will probably- rise "to
two thousand. . One great advantage
which is said to be enjoyed by no
other mine on the island ls that there
will be only a two-mile haul to bunkers
at tide water. It is confidently anticipated that by next autumn the mines
will have a dally output-df-two thousand tons; The,,hew establishment
will have a beneficial effect upon' the
whole island, especially Upon Ladysmlth, the smelter city, at whose door
it is being located.
Commander: Tyijat's , his chaacter
apart from this leave-breaking?   .
Petty Officer: Well ,sir, this man
*o goes ashore when ,'g likes; 'e comes
off whon.'o likes; 'o usos 'orriblo language when 'e's spoken to; in fact,
from 'Is general be'avlor 'e might be
a orflcorl—Punch (London),     .    -
J Box 799, Scranlon, I.', •*•  ♦
« rliil*" ntplaln, wllliniit luillin. ulillvailin. nn lny *
a pin, how I cm rjunlllv fur ii»rusr Mlnry mil _
Z «il._n..in-nt to tbo piii.IIK.il  l.rioia •
I  h«.« niiik.il X.
«d W-ll-l
tie_ll._l.ml Prittimiti
•KavUnd Willtr
llrurlmil I .iron
W!M» * Tilmmn
Blfuttunl DmlKmin*
CMI liivl.t lumi,
Conlmnlor intt (luUdl.
O.niri,.nlil C._»lgn_.
I'llt.m.ti Plumbt.
Mifth.Aieal tngintir
Cl»ll CollM'
Mi_t._nl.il Uiillimin
tl, n, Conitiugllo*. Trig,
ffiimin MidiiMit
tm,,i*i              ,
Mining Inglmir    '
titotilnl (»gl_.|.
-*»*.c-_i. Itnu.pt,
flon.ii <>«n<
A>. .Ilt.l
♦ Sffti •*••_•. ixtfltwmm_m
** att.
'" *' •>
Unii Fotogr-ifiu dl to dl tuo amice o
puro dolln tua innnmorata nopra la
covertlna del fiuuiiclalo, una coun nu*
ovn realmih ooxat . mumvivi!,.
Bono rlcliloitl dradII Msicbl o Kom*
mlno, Por Inforrontlonl o cnmplonl
Krotli rlvolgcfovl del
P. O. Box 66,. ornio, B.C.
PbotogrAf nft Mhltvku leba, prlftlolfl,
abo mlllenlty. N-cvo novle, krune, a
podobno tntjit-rtkio.
DobrUho llvleho agonta potrobno
chot MeriehG pohlavla. Pro cdl* via*
vetlenla a poukaaka adarraa blailt ia
p. o not 56, romlo, I>. C.
yifiojiM Sr.JlNat:r.o - tow, and som; or tm show owzsjn
At tht Orand Thiatra, Wodnndiy, April Wh.     Thli attrietlon eomia mra In a .pacta*, train of (Ivo eara
and It by far tho Urfliit mutleal organliatlon ever loan In Parnla.
45 Steam-Heated VRooms.' -;;
Hot and'Cold;BathBV
Tlie J KirigS Edward
-'• '- r,yr ,. 7 ' ,   y'- '-'. •■?:■'•■ -; .   _..;•.•*.""
Fernie's ^Leading  Commercial, Hotel.
^ tt,    ■■ ■. .i
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop,
Bank of
" -".- .   . HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO    .    -   ' -
Capital Authorised ....$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
, Capital  Paid  Up $5,575,000      Reserve Fund :$5,575,000
D. R; WIL'ki'E, Preawenj HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Preo.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops. Michel, Moyie, Nelson,*'
'   Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.''
^SAVINGS.DEPARTMENT      77" i   ,,
. -*  Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of .deposit. '
FERNIE BRANCH . .  .' GEO. I. B.'BELL, Manager
is.a lot of help to a busy woman*
A nice'' cabinet with    plenty  , of '
shelves and drawers saves her a lot
of steps. "••        *■ .   -    ..,„..,-
'of,our providing..;'We have every-,
thing necessary. ' Panels for the,,
doors, nice.smooth boards for the,
shelves* and * drawers. ■ Not, too
.heavy for'her. handling/not too,
light to be strong... We'll tellyou
how qiuch to buy. - - Come and talk
it over.       , , '._.'--..-'-
Fernie Opera House
Hi ciii:r_e.S;
»- ■. - •** .   .(
      '    '      _* '    'i,7
V  Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?£_£_:
A. Pizzecolo, Mgr,
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
& Builders
Open for nil kinds of business
. i -.**
in tholv lino
AddroBD Box 87      . Pornlo
Bar mippllod wllh tho houb WIiioh,
LIijuoi'h nnd CiKiii'f*
!•» FerniB-Fort Steele   •
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Wm. Eschwlg, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
Nowhere In the Puss can be
found In sueh « display of
We hive the best money
can buy of B«»f, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
-UU.. ri-i.ii, "Uutier-nor heme
and Oncon'* Lard, 6'autajjej,
Welners and Bauer Kraut,
Sapy Cattle Do
In It* issue ot tho Hh we noU that
The Slocan Record contains a para-
rmph culled from thli Journal, but
ka bo comment Is mad* thereon wo
are at a los* to Jtcow whether our
ao&UuwuU *m approved of or ton-
damned. -,,
k kf-r'sv-.
■*■■*. **
■Tf-^w-"-f- **»«3?»_V—t-
— -,_„.     **■*-»*__   _. *     i.    _     .      "^ "       '   "
"        "■  """".*'-w. -J-.r*"
Eat EiUseioiis
. .Lemons •-_
" It.you'V-ant
tlio finest.em-
• for"S'unkist",
brand tiatX  .
note how
, mucli juic-
- ler the*/are
and how
tlicr they
go in pre-
. cakes',"
Seedlessr-Fibreless-^Juicy and
^Sife'el!— A Perfect Friiit^v,
:' Five thousand California orange farmers',-1'- >
. raising 60 per,cent of'"the state's entire'crop,-,'
select, each season, their perfect oranges and'.;
pack "them under'the' name "Sunkist."   Thi»
^enables you to recognize and buy, California's.'
'choicest, tree-ripened oranges. '*'-'■.       v.
Until you have tasted a luscious "Sunkist". orange, /
you cannot hegir. to'apprcciate the_excellence of'
orange's that are properly grown, rigidly inspected,
carefully packed and swiftly transported.  Serve ','Sun-
kists-'ci your table tomorrow morning and learn the
J,, supcriorkyicf trce-ripencd, fibrcless,1 seedless) solid and
" sound o.'aHgbs over tlie commonplace kind: , VSunkist"
.."pranges are so nearly all load that they are n_ch the
cheapest kind to buy, '*.     - '      * '    . .
"Sunkist" oranges are thin-skinned and are*hand-' "
ticked;   The "Sunkist" orange is a firmj solid fruit
"Ask'your dsaler, for* the ''Sunkist" kind-and. make
sure that each orange you get is packed in a tissue
paper wrapper labeled "Sunkist," For these wrappers'
are valuable,   ' »-        »'_.:   '"     •" •'. ."■'/„ -  7
FREE—This Handsome Rogers Ordnge Spoon
Socialism's Advance
.....And Its Meaning
Savol2"Su___lst"oran_e(,orlemon. wrappers and send |
then to us, with'12c to pay-charges, packing, etc.,
ani wa will present you with a genuine Rogers Or- .....
' 'nnca Spoon, o£ beautiful new design and highest'lull ;f)
■ qu'illtv.   ll'-gln snvlnc. wrappers torinv.  For ench uddl-l" •
.10 mil si»oou desired new! 12 "Su__lut  wrappers and ISo. '
'. • In rouilttlnff, plenKO pend cash whon tho amount J. t
lea- than -Mo; on amounWubovo 20c. no prefer postal note',*)
.jnonuyarder, expre-.sorderarbank-.lrnft.    . ,   ',
. v .We.wlll bo Klndto»oml,voueompleto list of vnlcalilopre-
mln'm.   We honor both "Sunkint'.- and "Rod Boll'." wrappor.s '
"for premiums.     .       •-.-.,-     ,n,* <*,",,   .-■- --;-q _*_;*V\\\\\\M
California Fruit Grower.' Exchange, lOStus**. *5t. Eut, Toronto, Out. VW"
1 111*   - -
f.. i-i: ,*,. .'■'
.,.- *
«.* '*-■"
'  t -
' It Is "not the aim oU these/ articles j facts:''' .Tlie Independent Labor-Party
to show that ■ Socialis*ai'.''is Christian. (I;I7P.) is the chief British Socialist
That may be left;".The simple object «bod>; 'Ml *HS. members aye paying
of the "writer is to ^ set down,* as far
'as-'he can, what Socialism," as,interpreted - by its 'recognised exponents
really-is;*'what-it sets out'to dp or
get -done;' tlie1 methods* it ■ pursues,
and then to leave all who judge great
movements by Christian-standards to
give to,-it their own appraisement.
. That'intrepid,-journalist, Mr. W. T.
Stead," says that he set out in life resolved to-make .people either swear, at
him or * by him..' He has succeeded
in both these, objects. So lias Socialism. Herbert Spencer, brilliant as he
was, represents the most fearful. He
thought .Socialism, to*.be. the coining
slavery, certain to be'estabIl.*3l]eJ, destined to he the greatest disaster,which
the world had- ever seen, and sooner
or later to be brought to an ,eud" by
n-ilitary force. If the pessimist is
the. man who of'two evils chooses
."them,both, Herbert Spencer is on
(this .matter.] that man* Willi a - yen-
fc«iB.e._ On tbe other side yoi;.have
|V.Mliu.m Morris -.with his ' boundless
•.•fciufii in"the futi'i-i 'of Socialism!",
f'/A' wonderful day a-coming when all
shall-be better than well.'/ * 7*., ..
■ And the great; French 'Socialist,
Saint-Simon,,-; rounding his brave" life-
work with the saying,'"The future ■ is
ours." These front, rank men reflect
the divided-..verdict of'mankind on'this
subject. Socialism Is the most feared, .and at'the same tlnie the'most
desired thing under - the sun. To
multitudes it means the end "of. all
things .worth working for, and to millions of others,7 at least equally
thoughtful and worthy, it stands for
the hew earth,, wherein dewelletb,
righteousness...- *■- •*" *
Socialism has, undergone distinct modification, of views within recent years.
Socialists ar.e'-not now classed with
Anarchists * and bpmb-laden assassins.
Much ignorance* of what Socialism is
yet remains, ,but earlier judgments
have been revised since*the movement
has attained vast* strength in all leading'"nation's.' ■ "It, is simple'fact to
; say that, whether -for good or ill. Socialism 2'has .' spread by „ leaps and
bounds during the*, last dozen or more,
more .years'.7 .It' lias- penetrated re-
■Mon_-uhreachecl=b'i-'^=ths=Ch!-is tian.e_.au.
gel; -won disciples arid apostles in' all
lands; of-all religions—Confucian, Mo-
members, whether' they attend class or
not. . TThere.are now "over. 900 branches, and tliey are growing at the-rate of
over a hundred-branches a year. They
have their weekly, paper and monthly
review. - The Fabian Society, has almost 3000 members: Seven bf it's
branches are in the Universities. - The
Swansea Free Church Council .meetings ■ witnessed the formation of the
Free Church Socialist Society. Several
hundreds of ministers have been enrolled, ' The Free "Church Anti-Socialist League, as a set-off, came, into* be-
In., t'xrlng the Ins-. .General Election;
nnd. as far; as * we 1 now, went' on*
shortly' after ' that date.'' There is
also The Church ,. .Socialist League,
which is confined'to members of the
Church of England. -"* Socialist societies, like the Commercial Travellers'
Socialist Society are,'much'more general than the uninitiated might naturally suppose.'     '-*■--,
The' story of the movement bn the'
continent of Europe is one record 0'
triumph.. The paying members of
the, .German * Spcialist Party total, to
633,000, linked up, in 3,281 branches,
The leading Socialist' newspaper chi
Berlin,'the Vorwarts,' has a daily circulation of 150,000, .and is making an
annual profit pf £5,000. Fifty Socialists are members of the'German Parliament, and they were, elected as
such'with three million and. a-quarter
votes.* In France the cause spreads,
there is'a' Socialist Party in Congress
(parliament) .and the president is an1
avowed. Socialist, The Dutch Socialists carry ten per ,cent of the, total
vote, while _n - the chief divisions of
Norway the 'Socialist" vote was by far
the highest of any .one party.* "Spam
Is,the only country in Europe without
a Socialist Party in its' Parliament-at
this moment.
' Over the Atlantic .the Socialists-have
already ,;run a'candidate-for the Presidency. *■*- He polled almost half a nui-
lionvo'tes, and the greatest, results are
expected iri 1912. . Australia makes its
contribution, and other .parts* of~the
world' have their story.' Arid it all
seems-to"-indicate that ere "this e'en
tury is far ori its way Socialism will
be among the mightiest industrial arid
political  forces'^the  world  has" ever
;•■'"A Dollar in Value for
A Dollar in CasK
. ;   ''      \tf* . v      -   ;.,;       y '    y      ,     " ;'
'"T^HIS is the,Fit-Reform creed and policy in nine -words..
•■ JL*, ... '.■■'"'.
. ', Honesty in materials—-worth, as' shown by the Fit-
'*.,,' , Reform label with price of the garment in the pocket
of every Fit-Reform Suit and Overcoat—-and the free offer
of money back if satisfaction be not given.'
Fit-Reform has grown in size and importance because it has
given, and is giving to-day, a square deal to every man who
buys clothes.
h'arii'mendan, Hi„du;Buddlst and Christ
ian. 'Socialists have comradeship o'er
land.; and sea. '-.The organization is'
fast becoming iriter-religlous and inter-
racial.'1*   •' ,
.. All' this is significant. And not
less'remarkable . Is. the fact that itf*
cliief ' growth. 'Is found In the chief
countries of tho world, and umoiig&t
the most Christian, -at least in name.
Christianity has spread such views of
man, his rights before God, and his
hope of tho future that Socialism has
emerged as one of the forces to smlto
all that stands ln the way. ;   •
Mr. Philip Snowdon, in the current
Dally News Year Book, gives some
. The word Socialism is derived from
the' Latin word'Soclus, meaning a
comrade., ' It stands for faith in comradeship as the basis of social life, and
anticipates the social state in which
there shall be'"no strife of man against nation." It is the angel song
of peace and goodwill in* one word.
The", term itself seems to have been
coined about the year 1835, '. The author, is unknown, but lt Is thought
that Robert Owen, the ,. Father of
English Socialism, had used the .word,
nnd his' associates came to use it as'
a synonym of tlio term "Owenlte,"
then very current. It passed Into
swift and widespread user It stood
for all {ho age-long dreams of social
prophets and reformers.     To cnll a
man a Socialist was to class him with
Owen, ,Saint-Siriion, Fourier, Blanc,
Rodb'ertus' and the rest.
. This wide "classification has carried
its disadvantages. It'has made Social-,
ism mean too much. It has enabled
uncareful "people to include Tolstoy,
Ibsen.'and others in its ranks.*,' Nothing; couid be farther: from fact. Tolstoy is the exact opposite' of Socialist.
He denounces all law, they want more
of it. * He"would disband governments
right away! - * Socialism would invest
them with more arid more power.
Socialisrii once, meant .Communism)
root and branch, but not so now.
"The root idea of economic Social-
Ism,' says Dr. Schaffle,, "is that the
'country and all the machinery of production in the country shall be owned by the people, used for the people."
"The alpha- and omega of Socialism
is the transformation of private capital into .united collective capital."
The Communist Manifesto, by whicli
present- day. Socialists swear, is equally explicit. '   Engels gives'this summary: "In every historical epoch, the
prevailing mode of economic production and exchange, and the social organization necessarily following from
it, form, the basis' upon which it -is
built u_. and fi-om which alone can be.
explained', the political  and  intellectual history'of that epoch, that consequently   the   whole * history  of * mankind   (since,, primitive  tribal  society
holding land in common ownership)
has been a history of class struggles,
contesting.between exploiting and ex.
ploited, ruling and oppressed classes."
From the time of this manifesto scientific Socialism has been distinguished
from Utopian'Socialism.     They, from
Plato's Republic and earlier, preceded
it.'.   .They, stood for a world building scheme, this stands for-, a social
evolution.-     That- was largely in the
air,' this, is very much on the earth.
Socialism was'once a dream;, it is now
a^science.—The.- Aldersgate Magazine,
(Ed.—We- do   not,'know-  whether
Arlstide  Briand  or the  recently  appointed . Premier Monls is referred to
but in neither instance can they be
te'rmed   Socialist,  except  in  a  loose
manner'that  obtains  in   designating
all "and sundry who espouse reform
ineasures as such_     More accurately
described these two- men should  be
dubbed     " Radical ,   Anti - Clerical."
ate'.5 Socialists;,De Guesde of the advance  wing,    while   Gustave  Herve\
who is serving four years in prison
can be, regarded as the propagandist
of the revolutionary type.' Spain has
not only-a large number of Socialists
among  her  citizens,  but  numerous
iniblications of an aggressive character
prlnctpal among'which may be men.'
tloned "La lucha dc las Clases," and
"El Socialista, the latter the recognlz-
organ<*>of the party, and Pablo Igleslas
considered by his opponents one of
the foremost orators of,the day, voices
the demands of the Spanish working
class in Parliament'    "El Socialista"
ls weekly, and published ln Madrid,
biit is to be changed Into a,daily.In
the near future.) '
ial Excursion
Date will be announced
later—so watch for it;,
Visiting the entire district *
See before you buy.   Write
me for full particulars.
Dig in  the  ground for a
livelihood, you'll be under
soon enough!    Five, acres .
v     ..    cultivated will prolong life  !
and provide a competence *j
for old ac;e.
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
\. „ City, well located and water
Joe Grafton
j Fernie
We have put more dollar -for-dollar
value in the Spring Overcoats shown .
above, than you  could reasonably; '
expect to get for the price—$18, $20,
$22, $25, according*to material.
Two Hundred and Fifty Miners March
to  Gllfach  Goch  Colliery ,
tion of the employment of soldiers, and
police to deal with like emergencies.
The Crow's Nest Trading Go.
Sole Agents in Fernie
We buy Calgary Lots
Owners send us your
listings   with   prices
and terms
Ill A 8th Ave. West
P. O. Box 2080 x CALGARY, Alta.
The foellng of unrest among tho
Mid-Ihoiidda miners at tlio long drawn'
out negotiations tp bilng about a settlement of tho strike has led to tlio
roport that a..numbor of men hnvo
roturned to work, and rocontly about
250 strikers marched to tho Gllfueli
ii* i    ■
Qoch Colliery 'and roquosted'dio man-
• f I     ■       > r      r
ngomont to stop' a fow minors who
wero working. Tho management refused, and tho polico porsuailod tli-b
strlkors to loavo, Extra polico liavo
boon ordorod to tho scone,
Mr. willinm John, chalrmai of tlin
Cambrian Comblno, donlos tlmt mon
nro resuming work at tho Clydnch Vnlo
Colllorlon. Ills Btntomcntds that only
officials and ordinary ropiilror.i tiro at
work to koop tho pits In working ordor for a resumption of work, Tho opinion Ih held In somo mmrt-M-a that lho
llrno Is ripe for tho l-'ederatloi InkliiK
n bnllot to ascertain tho foo'.im,' nf tlio
mon vogiirdlng tho dlnpu .,
Tho Qlnmorgnn County Council hns
sanctioned an incroaso In tlio rnto of
3d. ln tha pound, which was atttUniled
to.the labor rilspulc-R In tho oonlfl<*lils.
fho coHt of tho oxtrn police nnd their
mnlntonanco, exclusive of tho oxpon-io
o♦ •!n/»l*i**i**l   in  itir,  nrrnrinfir.  ">f  tin   \Xot.
ropolHnn Polloo -amount■**•*.! to CtO.fllO,
and riot clnlmn nmountfld to t: 5,000.
Tho Council disclaim responsibility for
lho cost of tho Metropolitan i'oli-'o who
did duty In tho nffotcod nrett.
A Dlue Book hns been Issued by tho
Home Office relating to the mine disturbances which broke out in South
Wnlcs in Novombor,     In a momomn-
dum on cortnln polnto connected wjth
the strike, Gencrnl Macready, who wns
In chnrgo of tho military force, says;
"It rfppcarod to mo thnt. a false Impression as to tlio uso of both polico
and military existed In tho minds of
tho mnnagofs,    Tlioro seemed a gonornl Idea that mnnngors woro at liberty
to carry out any schomo thoy ploasod
od, such as tho Importation of blacklegs or fresh work on pits, In short.1
nny mensuro without consideration ;_s
to how it might influence tlio strikers
and that tho military, would thon bo
called upon lo Kiipport such nctlon.
Also, thoro wns a distinct Inclination
to direct and apportion tho movements
and numbor of hoih polico and military, whilo lho information   from   tbo
managers was In prnctlcnlly overy caso
so oxnggornlod ns to bo, wort.il-.HH,
Uoforo long theso difficulties were put
straight, but thoy   nro   points   tlmt
should bo borne lu mind In dealing
with futuro strikes."—noynolds*.
IBtanch Office of the Home Bank
*       of Canada, cotntr Queen
and Bathurst Streets,
-  HEAD OFFICE^     UiWfiwr
TORONTO,     jilt
Full compound interest
paid   on   savings   accounts   of   one   dollar*
or more. ,
General  Banking business transacted.  -Loans
advanced,    and    notes
discounted, • ,
Tlio April numbor of that Interesting
Canadian publication, "Tho Atlilotlc
World," hns .lust ronohod this offlco
A porusnl of Its pages and a glnnco
at tho mnny ilhiHtrntlonH glvo free
i>rr\rif .hit tn tin*. onvArlnn- not nnlv nf
Cnmlnlnn but nlno of universal sports
nnd gonornl pnstlmoR, this mngatlno Is
moro thnn fulfilling past promises nnd
marking out n futuro of certain and
unnuitllflcd siicccmb dm n nntlonnl parlo*
member of the working class,    Wage's
roughly speaking, represent that part
of lho value of the product paid or
given to tho, producers by tho owners
of tho monns of life, in order that tho
snld producing clnss,,may bo kopt In
■working ordor. '  "Wngos" hnvo boon
pnld in many shapes and forms.    Tho
negro slavo of the Southern Statos of
tlio U. S. A, received his 'wages" In
tho shapo of    corn meal, molasses,
calico, otc,    Tho feudal serfs of Eng-
lnnd and other countries got theirs
In the shape of an opportunity to mako
a living on tho.parcel of Innd allotted
to them by their feudal lords.     Tho
modern worker gets his or hers In tho
shape of monoy, which Is valuable to
hlm or her bocauso \vlth It ho or nho
can purchiiso tlio necessities ot life.
It will bo readily ac.ii by this that th')
tho value of llm workorH wage will
depend upon tho purchasing power of
tho monoy, or, In other words, upon
tho prlco of tho, articles lio or she
must buy.    .It Ih ponslblo for iho high
cost of living In nny ono locality to
moro tlmn rounlnrlinlnnco tho Incroa**-
od rnto of tlin monoy wngo paid to iho
workers, and lt Is Just In thin way
that tho "shoo plnchc.," ho fnr iih tlio
inlncrd'of tho Crow's NVst Piss are
concerned,    MxpciiHcs of nil kinds are
heavy.    Tho cost of living lslilgh, nnd
constantly Incronnhig, nnd In d-iniand-
lug an incronsod "money wago'' iho
workors nro not endeavoring to ronlly
b-Mli-r their conditions but slmplv nro
fighting ngninst their present  Htnnd-
ard of living being reduced,     Tliov
nv. fI»1..I..n- nrxt tn ntii fitvMiftr nVfitil
nf Dw p-n-mo, hut nl-m'-.v to «-.nv*» them* I
nolvps from going back. Tliey aro not
trying to get moro, llioy nro only Htrig-
gllng (o keep wlmt thoy lmvo. lu
no wny cnn tho prosont demandt hn
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Pernie '" .
Capital   Paid   Up    $ 2,760.0dti
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Totnl Assets ,, "10,000,000
Cull nt tho office of tho Hunk of-
Hamilton and snciiro   a    piiHH*book.
This Ih t\ simple transaction.     Yet II
mny bo the firm stop towards a (.-oin-
You ennnot cotnnioiico to savo too
early In life—nml tho placo to keep
your iisvlugH Is in n Chartered lluuk.
Intercut pnld on deposit h of $1.00
and upwnrds.
J, R. LAWRY. Agent, Fernie tlm neh
Hend Office:
dlr-ftl for Cnnndlftn follower* of sports * rnnxlrtfrr-d ns Mfnvnrtint. but nn r.
Burton City
Fruit Lands
One choice ten acre Block; one and
half miles from town,
Good terms: W5 ner nr.re.
Sequel to Welsh Riots
Tho' most Interesting fouturo In tho
discussions of tho Supplementary Civil
Sorvlco Estimates In lho Common.-: on
Friday wns tho announcement by Mr.
Churchill thnt tho tilnmorganshli..
County Council wi-re r-ftsUUn*. i**.}im-nt
of the London police who wr« on*,a%-
od in the recent Welsh cemt strike. It
appeal* that an agreement was signed
but tbe tlgnltur. was repudiated by
tho Glamorgan Covinty Council, and
tho law officer- of the Crown wero
now considering what action ehould
ba token In tb* n-tatu-r. VU«i W-wut
Secretar**-1 angiteatiti tliat tpe-clal legislation might be nee-war)** on the **iu#»-
of nil kinds
1 WA0E8
j*****-**  _-
.-I ***_« *
Just nt present the "Wago Question" la agitating tbo minds or the
vinrk---*-. of tilt* Crow'* Keat _&.*.. Ti.e
situation la somewhat unique. Wero
It to im judg-ml by Dw v.oiriro'.nU u.w
rrnda In the oii'tnary pre.s, wo mklt
Imi&lne the miner* ■wero making an
extravagant demand In asking for a
Blight Increase. Not In tho "roftl"
war . but In lb* number ot cent* paid.
TU_ HUutilluu u( *_it*iii tii a... luUUM-,1.
Interesting one, and might be studied
wllh   advantage by overy   Indlvldunl
pn-tii-ntliig the .nbsolulo minimum
wldch outside of retrogression can be
lie-copied by tho minera.
PTiTt or (min. cm or Tour. I..
11< .■. .Vii vr v. {»»■
I mm. J, (iivmt m*li_ -miti .'nt 1if !> •minr
pjr.i". nf «U Arm at V. j, ria-oi * «•••■ iiiJnc
bmil.i'ni in Xt* iltf fit fiMUn. f'ulMj »■**•* rut*
.W, >i.l, J.„l I*..*! wi.1 Uiu Will **»', li, -um '>!"
UM*. l|t,'Sf>RI,l> iNtl/MIlM titt in <• »"1 »''*T
r-.*r >.f C«f •_«*._ XL.lt nuifltrt l_ tWtnX 1'T I"* U*** <-'
lUtt-'x I'iU-it* IXKt,
TtUXK t </IH.M'.Y.
h.rJTl io l»f«m tu* *M HtiMnnttml tf Wll tilrfhtr,
OM nu ini ut IXetrattitii, a. l». U»'.
,— 'm.. J*. K.OU.A^OH.
J  j»AL ', Nl M-.   I'l UIC.
Il_» niunh Om 1* Uh*L lrUr_Jl|r ic.4 »rt*
AU.*»llj »_■■• - I ui l._.«_<l «unV W,*!.*** « LL'..' < ' ''t ll"!
-ttitts*.  t^"! I"' trtxtaunUlt, tn*. „
r. j, tm.s •:*» * co, T**. o.
fiM l/y ill f»nir.t«tii. f V,
1iM Unlit lumilr nil"for(nwi#tiriiti..*i
Former rc*ldont of Fornie.
Blectflc Restorer for Men
fun *ud MWay.  i itmkluuiirr.* »n-l*n*rH»li
«-i.ll*n««  earned.et (tm**.    PhAiphnnnl Mill
T«ke jfA» »r.«*« K.ia,   itit tH« t «i.m|-i' t*.
t%    M*llr.|li.>.v iilJiMi    TJi«B«»b*Ullru#
<V* _, M.4-%0«iitt(i4 *, Out,
Fer tale at  B1i>t*d*H'e  Druff
>r«i# j
Through liu)lug your wlucs and liquors nt n-tull when by ordering
from us you get tho lowest wholesale price.
Will ui.t j on '.bout hnlf tm n.ui-h
per, bottle an If you bought It In
lb<* iitdUiuty \xny. Ordt-r a <**«",
tiinVo the navlng. and get hotter
liquor* llCHldoM.
Fernie. D. C. , ! -  5 .7 -
^t M&ltid£tb$#x
i Published, every Saturday'morning at. its,office,
V. .-1-fftAt.     '.,-.' ■_'-. '.**''.'        *.'.-.*.     "'"    J      *       *"-"*,-•-■*   *■>■   _
PeUat^Ay^tie.^ei^ie^;'R„ Ci-.-Subscription $l.t>0
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium.e Largest' circulation in" the District.*.fAd-
yertising ratesoh.applicatibri; --Up-to-date facilities
-" *   ' ' •-•,*"    ... •% '*, - •.■"*• V- i
* for the, execution of all> kinds pjfi.bt^jjob'and'
., color work.   Mail,orders receive {special attention;
.Address all.communications to The District Ledger.
"   "      ,'      J. W. BENNETT. Editor/:
Telephone No.'48. ' Postoffice Box No. £80
*: \.
THE.-public *vylll.be.gla$ to see-the Co'neiliaytibri
Board' formed and the'miners back at work,''
voices the opinions, of many judging by its frequent
repetition in the press.  , .  •    ''•    ;.      s,; '*-'   '■:
If brevity be the, soul' of wit equally so" is'the'
above quotation the essence of, candid "frankness;
nay i_ ore,' brie might almost likewise7 preface "if
with ''brutal," or,.perhaps ".natural", jvoulcb be•
the appropriate adjective. ■ Of course sthe' " dear,
sympathetic public" would not be'troubled with
any stupid qualms of conscience, if complianceuwith
their.' desir.es sfi'Quld entail sacrifices pn the part-of-
tlie miners* ./.Not a bit of it—they are particularly
solicitous'about tne welfare of those who .dig .down
inj thejbqwels of-Mother,'.Earth!-*, "Decidedly, they
are kindly disposed towards those-who dig but it
•'is for-those delving into their, pockets—Themselves,
with a very big "T-" and sympathy' often , like
Charity e_ds_where.it'begins, viz.—at home;;*-'--*-'
Blame them? No. They are merely thejreflex
of the b'iisi- upon7 which society rests to-day-^the
to'oth-and-fang, -ea'ch-for-himself-the-clevil-take-the:
hindmost code of ethics (-! ,)save the mark! the.
egoistic, brutalizing,-*, cannibalistic ' competitive
struggle for. existence. 'We-include all; classe? j_Y
the category, miners' and mineworkers jusfas much
as the ''public,''all' are affected by the same.,fac-
,tor although viewing it'-from opposite angles^it,. is
the causa causans—Selfishness.       -.     ,  ,-    y iyi
The* "public ".may be Compelled to suffer incon-
_ veniences which'while .'comparatively slight are.de"
on^an-saverage "-has a'disastrous "effect'tiponfwages
-Wt,Altbo;ugh»-_n six-mouths-it me-aii_-v'ri0.^idle'.day&-
yet this is not prejudicial to any biit the miner hiiri-
'*ej|j,iarid.it is only*-when the 60 idle days are likely
to J^'continuou. and sycc^siv^haVthere i^atiy [:,'.,$&   t'?Ki^MAVcV*__Mr
how 1 heard.    ,The:suggestioh*might be-made'tbat yn"-'- &/."•■   ^•-zr--^
•■v*. -• T " *.   _ ..      .      _. .  .—  .  _______ «._.-> _,__»___»
the companies--should only employ sufficient workers.to-ensure: them at least 24 shiftsi-a morithr This
;wbuld not. do at all, for'.the',;good1 and^sufficient
.reason that the<men,are,not believed.,to be so likely
:to kick over the traces if-conditions-are kept down
to the lowest point, at' \yhi(.h subsistence is practicable. Again, orders do not come in uniformly, and
to"be unable"'to execute an extra'large contract with
dispatch necessitates that such' a force of. men shall
be available as will, prevent, the Jleast possible delay, otherwise disastrous results might ensue to-the
company,- and this is unthinkable.      .'-,-*
One might,be constrained to think by the importance, they attach to themselves.that the ".pub-
He-' V^tfs.-the most, injured.member, judging by the
noisei they emit, but they should be quickly disillusioned on this score by-a* very superficial analysis of the situation. The miners (like other work-
,ers)"]ld'o*notjasually''take hasty steps without considering the effect upon' themselves, -and it is only
-when forced upon thejn.that they decide to rebel
.against'a^c'ontinuance* of their existing conditions.
We do-riot mean to say that-there have not-been
instances-wherV mistakes-have been made, but" such
■isMnot'the~ ease" at'the present' juhctureand.we may
say \that.they, suffer both'in'their capacity as work-
ers-and -likewise in a minor degree as insignificant
units of the "public.'.' , ■,,..   * •-■ v- .
-KSome short-sighted individuals of ■peaee-at-any--
,.p"rice;-calibre-adv6c<.te the making of five years
agreements,-,totally ignoring the ever changing cori-
4it,iQns and .blind to what if suggested to them* they
^tyould ..scornfully scout as a most'preposterous idea:
.   Labor power is a commodity, ajv*e.ry,comraon._one
too, just like.any other, and the rules of trade arid
commerce are equally applicable ■to, it as they are
to^flourV sugar, pig-iron or potatoes, yet where is
the merchant who,would, agree to supply the»aforer
mentioned article, at a fixed price,for. five years or
even,for. two. years/ jinless.he could fix the .figure'
far in excess of the'price prevailing to-day?   Then
where is the logic of expecting -working men,' deal-
; siR^lpMUNC? Walker, c.v_©.;fi;L.D.ylo.oiu, PRE8fii|jT
•"'     *1*>V- ALEXANDER LAIRD^Genera. Manager    .,'4;
.■     *, ■.-.•*.
iKa _ "•
f,-j  ■*»■.
,J_-i  » '£;*.%.
CAPFTAU- $10,000.000        .       REST,-;$7,000,g00
of'fhe Canadran'Bank^of'Cammcrce wYli receive deposits, of $r.'and .
' upwards, on which-interest is allowed at current rates_,.~There:-_a' npj
delay in withdrawing the'whole orany portion of the depcsit.r> Smalt.
deposits are welcomed. ,      :.'-'.-.      *- i.':-l; ■ ■■'■ .'_'"^_'^'
'.-■ "{. Accounts oiay:be opened in tbe names of two or more persons,-to be
operated by any. one "of the number or by the survivor,, A joint account
of this kind saves expense in establishing the ownership of the money
after death, and is especially useful when a man desires to provide for
. his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death.'
FERNIE. BRANCH   . - „-ii' .-> * U. A. 8. DACK,''Manager-
, Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
s;: "or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners  i {y
Ranges and Cook Stoves
y,J. M.  AGNEW& CO., ELKO7;; .X
erS'in-life'enprgy^,to depart;from"the rules that
govern the market?      ''    ..•.•'•-•*-        t
, -  .' -•"'    "*    ■-. " "V    ",'*. ,~'  *
We*do not intend to mince matters nor endeavor
$q,arguc"that mineworkers have any higher nor.-any
tower 'ideals than the rest: of. confraon. humanity.
Their material interests urge them .to make an at:
iemDt-_toJmpro_ve_livingicb_ri_ditip_ns)_h.ence this sus-
- Beg par^on-^-excuBe us,  but
-*... - - ,. .-<,%   _,- ■   ■ .
really it's,so.sudden we hard-*
.. ly know what we were about.
cidedly real-to then\'when the "lower." classes--
'miners,'carpenters, trackmen,*' ami all other-"indus-.
trialists reach'the conclusion that "it is about time
that they were.making demands upon their; em-
]>b*.ers,for chan^d-conditions and then loud lam-
,. cnitlions are lnw.' I throughout the laud about "(lie
aircst of devei.>'i.*'.-*n.." Criticisms of tlie aelions
.taken are numerous, gratuitous advice is much in
, evidence,' even pleadings, are made, hut usually
limit themselves to lhe employees; rarely arc calls"
or appeals addressed to the employing class, porhaps on the assumption that they who are so near
thc door of pcmiry will make less of an objection
than those whoso profits would suffer   ,by   ac-
', quiescence with the request for a few more cents to
be .added to thc wage scale. For* instance, it
would indeed bo an astounding revelation if upon
picking up a newspaper some morning an item of
the following tenor appeared: "Thc public realises that while thore may be a small percentage of
minors who do occasionally receive largo amounts
in their pay.cnvc]opcs,this is in itself demonstrative
of the fact that the company for whom they arc
, -working must as a consequence be deriving still
larger proportion of profit than they tlo from the
day wage man, the latter are such a preponderating
majority and their remuneration so small that thc
increase nsked of 121-2 per cent is too little and we
would therefore urgo upon the corporations tho importance of not putting "the brakes on the whocl-s
of progress' and conceding an advanco of 20 per
cent nt. least, so that these useful members, of
humanity mny bo given ari opportunity to enjoy
some of tho pleasures of life and enable thqm ' to
feed, cloth-P, and educate thoir families. ■' It
is, quito true that tlioro aro many companies
that lmvo a capitalization far in oxcess of their
actual value, henco to declare n dividend of any
appreciable) amount is somewhat difficult, but
whoro they figuro tlioir percentage of profit on.nc
tual values thoro would bo no difficulty in mused,
ing to lho demands of tho men and likewise paying
a goodly profit." Such an exhortation would lie
entitled to a gold framo and serve uh an example
to olhr-r publications if they wished to avoid tho
bankruptcy courts, for tho simple reason Ihat its
appearance in any but a labor or Socialist paper
would bo regarded as nn attack upon "the .mcre-l
, rights of property," arid bo Hiimmarily dealt with
by withdrawal 0? patronage in the ahapo of adver-
<•   •    ..    ,t ,        TMia  *•,!■*.,. \\ffi X\XrLf\<X   f\f n   ^fitvaVinxXOX-
*..,...^, ».«..      ...\i--.i'- • .     t
Jij.sl nit lo_y as the working pln-wcn, vihfto pr ..1*1-.'-
ing commodities for tlie uso at tho public and for
the profit of their masters, submit passively to
whatever conditions may be imposed upon them, re-
...-.-I'jj.ojjjf.fl'lv*"': "a more oont -m thr* *t*nf*ln«it.riril •"mc-
chani*m,.they will not be reminded of thoir duty to
the public nor reprimanded for interfering with the
"proHperity" of tho country. They may bo slaughtered, maimed, their liveg shortened, but these
nre rtero details that trouble tho "public" much
in the name wny as tho boy throwing Htoncs at thc
froKH'.inEsop _ FaMci.
A longthy cessation of work, like an accident in
which 11 largo number is kil}jx},,attract* general attention, but the minor cauualtics, although aggregating a very large fifnir* -annually, and _Im num.
ber of iiW« day» attffwcil dartue a year nr. onTy
slightly notic-Mnble in the immediate vicinity of
their oeenrrenco.    Working only Ifi shifts n month
pension.- It is also "the' material interests of th'e
-'public'' that are voiced when they put rforth the
different arguments why. the men-should be'back
at work, but they will be of slight avail, as the mass
of men immediately involved are determined that
their own welfare "is paramount: Furthermore,
many of them consider that the result of the in-
vestigation will'be- of more, or .less patchworh
character, inasmuch as it'is utterly impossible to
establish a permanent and lasting settlement thai
will be satisfactory, because in the very nature of
things there are no measures tha tcan be adopted
things will guarantee no fluctuations in the cost of
living, hence there will be these disputes until such
time as tho intelligence of the workers is awakened
to the need of a change of base and collectivism instead of competition is inaugurated. „,'
YOU   HAD' BETTER-^ *   -v-
■ *"•*'..-'   "'..''ii   -j-;'.*'i'h.i     i"'  -■
■and then "you.-won't.be unduly
-: excited If a-fire-breaks out.
■i r y^{\'_< ",-' ■
FIRE POLICIES!/' -\-  ..      .....
Issued here"_rVO*-K.   Those'
who  buys them  know  what'
. ":     • .1 •  ■
they are" about. .. Tlwy'ra 10-
1-fible. and* safe. ,.-*• ■
fllf!'. '
Insurance     Real Estate
Wholesale and Retail
T' HE fearful disaster in Alabama should bo an
^object lesson to thoiso who worship word
ftiehism. ' This is a DEMOCRATIC State, but in
name only, in fact, the words Democratic and Republican, Liboral and Conservative, merely denote
the oxisteneo of factional not basic differences. .It
was in this South oni state that, the whole forco of
Capitalism's weapons, tho police, thc military and
tho judiciary, wero utilized for tho purposo of suppressing organized labor whon tho conditions be-
camo bo intolerable that thoy went out oh striko.
Evictions woro made wholesale, and the victims,
men, women and children wont out into tho fields
and lived in tents. But such obstinacy tlid not
meet with tho approval of thc coal companies, therefore, pliant tools in tho shape of stato officials pronounced tho camps unsanitary, thus eompolling tho
workers into subjection.
The mine in which this calamity happened was
an ideal one from thp dividend takers viewpoint.
Tho victims wero principally members of tlio much
persecuted raco whoso color in itself is sufficient
in tho opinion of tho whito Southerner lo stamp
him as criminal.
I N G £. R
machine: co
Accent   Fernie   Branch
Pellatt    Ave.    North
,,     - ■ ,-    * '1,
.      BarberShbp    ,
"<■- * .;  -,;,'      .,'■_ ,,'•' ■   •
V_';%   . Baths' .',.' .;
r - \ *       * ■ «i   ,        (.   *>      l'~  *
.Shoe. Shine ••■••?.:
. -X'--.- '•-;,• -••   '■■
r    Bowling Alleys
^—Biiliards'and Fdol"^
Coffee arid. Sandwich';
'j-    •'*..'• .-rl -' :•   '    '
Counter      > :''
Hazelwood Buttermilk
■—_____.' mmmmmmmjmm^mmm'-.
'     • - X    '  .,1'     ■■'      .*' 7   , ' '
Victoria Avenue !
FERI.IE, B. C.      Phone 34^
Chimney, Blocks
4 111. 8EWER PIPES    -
Gat Our Prices*
W.       M.    DICKEN.
How About thnt Drain?
> IIK issuo
of "The United   Mine   Workors'
Journal," datod April Gth, contains on .its
front paco excellent cuts ofithe recently elected
Pramilpnt. .lohn P. White? Vioc.Prcsid.ont Frank J.
FTnycs and SecTrcas. Ed. Perry.
Pago two announces thc .advent, accompanied hy
V «nt. .n_> the never'monotonous: jbiiroalistio arena
of Miclmol ITalapy, Buceeasor to Villinm Hcnifo, iu
tlie editorial .chain ' Thin new wleldor of thc red-
notorial pen'is a native of Austria, in which country
ho wos horn 20 year« a«o, whoso knowledge of the
Slavic tonRues coupled with a mnstcry of classic
und forensic Ktifclish and Biiet'iituntod hy practical
pxperienre nf roal mininff acquired nt the "face,"
pro-emincntly fits liiin for tho onerous duties incumbent upon thc pilot of a labor paper. ._.- -K'*'-- ■-
•Judginff hy the literary merit evinced in the
"initial leading article* we nre cnhfid-Mit tlmt "The
.Tnurnftl" xt ill cnnl'itm* to he nn wlucntivo faetor
of constantly increasing value to those on whose
ht'hnlf iti is piililinhed.
14 Corner Victoria Avenue and Prior
15 Corner Victoria Avenue and Gem-
mil Street
10   Corner Victoria, arid Cox Street
17   Corner Victoria Avenue and Rogers Street
24   Corner Victoria Avenue and Davis
94    Cni-nft* Ftr* Mull    '
26 Corner Pellat Avenue and McEvoy Street
32 Corner. Howland Avenue and
Wood Street
34 Corner Howland Avenue and Jaffray Street
SB   Corner Howland and Drlnnan St.
36 Corner McPherson Avenue and
Thompson Street
42 Corner Dalton Avepue ,and **fl|}(
43 Corner Chlpman Avenue and Cox,
45 Corner Chlpman Avenue and
Thompson Street
On the first day of the month, after
they heard, the clock strike twelve a
warm discussion took place ' In
B.C., between a sad Iron and a Souvenir range.
'When, pressed .for an explanation,
ln order to smooth ovor things, the
sad Iron aald the rango* got hot and
flow off lta baso bocauso "It was a
black leg and a fuol,
Tho rango turned tto back iind'nald
tho sad Iron without reason went off
tlio,handle At ttila tbo Jaolrnlvco
oponod up and handled aorao cutting
roninrks' which eaunod tho enso to
opon and request lliom ' to pockot
tliolr,Insults; but thoy-refused to
back out of tho dlBOUfmlon or shut
up,. It had grown so spirited that
tho thonioinelors dropped .somo remarks und thon got hot nnd wont up
In tho air.
Then tho chisel cut In with a tang
to its flrmqr romnrltfl, but tho tumor
bit It bocauso It hnd boro enough.
, Tho plumb tried llu lovol bOBt to
squnro things, but ovoryono was ho
hot that a bnr of nolilor'started to
run and was,.lead nwny by a handsaw which was scrowod up to such a
pitch that lt showod It* tooth and
nnld It novor snw such a cutting up.
Ilut tho Ico cremm trooitor kopt cool
and .turned nround wllh an.Icy stare
becauso It is quicker than lightning
when It Is stliTodup. »   •
Tho rango lost Ub plpo and could
not smoke and began to olbow Its
wav nlmir ns tho Tmmi Mimed tn rubber and started to ipout, but was
shut off whon tho gun went otf half
cooked nnd plugged It.  •
It began to quiet down and d|d not
wax grater as a hob nail raised -lta
head and In a rasping voloo said:
"Bless ray solo! 1 hopo this Is tbo
^•* {"«':.   ,S.f-«v V***"-*V'
, ,   .ill,     .    -.   "
-V'A* *•■ ■.""7'"' ■?-'*-"*** *-'? Hc'f*****'-"f•**7*'*'***7
._u. ri £x&.-fA-A, _g_**,-**>_-^»i
• ,-:.•■.'■"'lp"*-.
x. -  •'    <*'- ■ -_,--'", -' ■■ ■*,    ,.'  ■.'   '       '*#, ,
*-   '. 7 *' :'-"     '  '   ■'■ "--■•a.-s'-A-ff^ ' |.   **■
^^^■%^'^^y.'W&^r' ' V^
>7-: '' %\ -f__ri.--._S> ***^r*i"--'"*7.   ■r^'v5' , -. -    -■-'
___:■ •__i__-«*s,i__.i___i. lL?_i'*i-C   •__*.'-..-_.      ^ ■
' ' /
1       I
'" .*-
-- (
Dr. de Van'i Female Pills
A ithM* Vneth rtffsUtaf 1 e***r f til*.. tbtee
pllli ir* tuctdiait* mwmIuI la rtsulsllnt/M
erne; it) vo pon Ion ol (M lunul* »)»t-_m. HfM*
•11 chup Iraluiinni. Or. eXe T'M'* »r« told at
•it k U», m Jl.if« U. Ilii,   UttVm. |» My atUltU*.
Tb* a«*b*ii »r*( o*» M. c«i-*f in**, nsi.
For Sale at  Dleasdell'a  Drug Store.
J, D
Hardware     Furniture
"" ,i .jTnese aria tliie'designers,very latest-ideas for the ? =
... .'   §,un*mer ]W"aist..: ..-We are showing sonier25 differ-   , .;
r.'. -.ent styles; many of the better qualities.in one only   * 7
-!'"    - of each; positively no ,two^ alike.    Real hand-em-
*. .-* , .roidefed/with "low, .higher -Dutch collars; -but- ■■-[■'•
[''i   .toned frbn.t..or. back. -_    ?•*■*< ,'!"''/1 '" *' ' l.'   '    *.
MIDDY WAISTS.-rrNothing more  suitable   for, -
7 .young; girls. -Made,,, in.-White, Duck^..and .Natural.,., ..!
......  Linen, with, pretty.-collar combinations.      ._, *   •
■•  ■ ■'. .One-Piece Wash Dresses in dainty embroidered •-,..
'Muslins and Nainsooks.   ;'"■'. ..;-   .•*',. iy-
.;. ' One-Piece' Ohambray Dresses",'just thV'd'ress for ■    -
1    *>•_..   -. .1        -.-■.'•'',,-._.. ,',*. ••>*.    _,'j.i-.x,>..-. '•■-.i'
the.mormngsr^ ,"■■ *   - '.-..-,„ ,i,.. ,
: -,          ,. - v,   ■_        --"   ;.; '-- ' > *-      * ,'■""'. '■■''•'
,   Goat'Suits in plain colors and stripes.    : ,..m. •.*:.•
Dressy Dust Coats, made from the best all-linen 7',
■>.-■   - crash and poplines. -Prices' "ranging froni-$4.75   ,v
A --to $9.75; '■■■.'.-'-■'  ■••, ■■;_,_ _   ^ " ■"*':{   '"■; ;^ -J
j *.„, '.Children's Washing- Dresses at* prices less--than  .
. .,     they can be made for at home." r   ■>" ,7
.-'-,..'..•    .. -. "■'.   *' -v     •'       I,,:-"       *,",'*,-    ■;.'•*-■    -•-■'•.-• -     -
■ Romper Suits -for the smaller ones.'/'-.   	
- '-1 - *..".* .".-.'   .,.''.  - .-. - -.-,*   ■--*■;:'-' •--'•'- '•-   " '    -*'!- "      "•"
v'.."'".. Muslin Bo^ete-and-Sun HatsV: v  . -  -
- • ■   " ,  t   *   - \::L-y^-r^—L-±j——i-—---*-L—. —_
-•       - '•*- t-       ' ■ . -.-"'V       -        *    * -     -        *  ~-.      '■*,--'-*■     ^ -i
".-,_,.    .* '*.      ,   ,.*.■••"•.'./,-,r     --j
," ■ '       ';-   ,      ;.-.'" ' -i-   >   "- ■ '   '■
/ -r    Limited   ;:■;;;:',
And Nothing; but the Best In Fresh
and Smokod Meats, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., go,to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manaoor
Insuriarice, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
The Jeweler-'That's All
Rttrht on -the corner
Electrlo Lighted
'• • ■''''''" CENTR'aLLY ilOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
First Cla33 Accommodation for Travellers
Met and Cold Water (./A; Mills, Manager
LEDGER ADS PAY i.vj.       """"   r/y*^,-  -"•';;*, _-•*■, ***.* _*v'*._"• ~tv <■"■-:■.-.'•. .'.-.■- *.,.* i,-'.-i,.v-".V-■*'.--•:-'>.-«**".■---'
.__..„-      „t     .     _..„     -;.•• . ~yy~'yyy y.~*-yx.y--y y.,.^,,   -„-_. , __ -,
". ."" _—1*~.*"   >*- -si**'    D_
• i"f,   I '. -■-■" -•_'
—'t-~.—■i-.r.-y. ■
. .-I v.;
.-I .»•   ■       , ,.- .p- *;'-\,C, t -
THE DK5TEI0T LEDGER^ HBBNIE, 3. C;, A_»ML 22;-19ir
'   . 'Jtf-"-.«V*K_^**r_ t*.**-.V*W-^--^-^^^:BUV^^?-^'t-. 'J.- * -B-^v-*Atv-^»-w*-v»tWJ.--..»->. ■-'---"
»»»¥»¥ V¥»'¥.,V¥¥¥»¥¥VV*yVV^¥¥¥»»V»*V»*V*y»V-V»¥»¥»¥V»»¥¥»
'!»*.--. -.    i •    ..-     -       .-        -""-.-■
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wi aa-ba.ii.-.-.- .—..-   - ,    ,. ,       ,,.,-.,...,<        • a,       -%     -*   ,*   *•»        *,.   . ,, jr,      ^*T      -      *., ^.s.   ^    . , ......      i .       —  r
S'   - ,   •-'   -  •*'- •■_     *   _    '■ .'„ -\. \".   .       .-""'     *  '•;<    "'      *-■•.     f**' •"'■_• j   _    "*   ' ,                  -     "    £ 'I    •     _' •             '                     <■   ,i
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-<      /           -          *■•• ;.                         _____ *___*■*■_■•_-'•■*■. _    V J     _•£*■-    t         >.             ■>   -■             *■__■-**•■'_< (
j^B____                          A—_—________l .■**'_<___■ .* - <"-      ^^^^^^^^^. -           "_^^ • _■     " ^                                  ____
¥"*•**¥ V »■*"*"¥» »*»**^
.'*-,-:   *■'■-■* ,:■ '  ,<  •"-     ' *'   -'• 7   -\   ■■   '       \
. «•
.*' > •
- ;**   Cupid's'darts, went, down to'Fernie
last Saturday morning and were^quiet-
ty'united1. In the bonds ot matrimony
'    at *he residence ot tha Rev.' H.<Qran£
We, inuatdf course mention the pamea
which are,Mr. George Evans.-and'Mls.
Elisabeth Winstanley, who are both
veil known around here.     A recep-
tlop was held at night at the home Ot
*'■ the. bride's parents,'   Mr * and  Mrs.
.. ltobt Winstanley, and a very enjoy-
**' abl-p evening was spent by, those pre
onti'    The usual tin can.-band was In
; attendance" and gave some* love>*. _ols-
ic! until Georg. showed up-the green-
-   >..     .  . •        . .
"' back. - "7 '•*■••*.- '-•'.- ."'■•"" •*.--,•'"' •'-•'"•■
/■'* Scout Master, tynn,Tot Fernie, and
*    tt party of his Boy Scouts ascended
* *   ' the .mountain up here, last- Saturday
to.view the'big crack:'*   *'    -' "'    '■■•
Mr. and Mi's. Joseph-Simpson and
family left here, on. Monday* for their'
--home'in'Alberta.*''- '■' "'''•'   :yj   '.''•
Born-at Coal Creek on Saturday,
April 15th, to-Mr.and, Mrs,Benjamin
- Drew;-]a fine daughter.*    Motherland
*7    child are doing well.
, Miss Edith Langdon was taken down
<    to'the hospital on Saturday to under-
•   v       "       ••-..*,-• '.-.- ., -•■—*, ,r .-*-.
go a slight operation:     -We hope',tq
' hear;' of her speedy recovery.'     '
■  °   i ■/ „* i.
i        It**.Is with deep regret that we have
to announce the death.of, little.Willie
,Mllfiurn,  one  of .the  beloved - twins
of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Milburn, v/hb
died.'on Monday evening, after ,an illness of -1 or 5 weeks'.' , Death was duo
.to heart and ,lung  trouble.      Inter-
-    ment took place on Wednesday.   The
1 ,Rev?'Mr..Best conducting a beautiful
service in the Methodist Church) after
-**,      whicli the remains.were taken to_the
*'    Fernie  Cemetery by  the 4.30-,train.
* v< •.By the courtesy-of Mr.,.John Shanke,
* * a,special:.train/-wa8,run'-,back:.to Coal
;* -- Creek at 6*.30'for the' "benefit*'of-ttios'e
*"■-.- attending the*funeral.. „" ' ■",,_„-
went'td Fernie onMonday-^eveningtlo
7* witness   the -encounter"'.' between1, the
,. -      •   s • ^ ■*.- - \- '*■ .**-
Pigeon and the Dragon, which went the
,,,full ten rounds >aiid resulted  in    a
drawl     George O'Brien was referee.
Mona Bell left here on Wednesday
,    , to visit her .grand parents at Nana I-
. ''   •?10*' a , ' *,     " '   '      s,
Philip jCaroseJla. vvas (shaklng_ hEinds,
with old acquaintances ,u*{) here, on
Monday. - .      T- . - -*,    ■*
' ._■ Everything remains 'peaceful * ■' and
qulot around the1 camp. Many of
, the household spending^thelr., time In
getting firewood or taking to*'gardening. 7 ' -, 7 '
, Mr.,- and Mrs John 'Bushell " have
moved Into the cottage recently occupied by Mr. nnd Mrs.O. Powell,   ''    ,
Torn ?alrhurst and . family moved
to Fernie on Thursday.     ,
,A practice gamo of football was
played, up hore on Thursday between
the "PoBsibloB" and the, "Probables"
. which, resulted"lh a draw.' Wo hnvo
lulto ,ti > numbor bf recruits up hero
and should be nblo to put up a vory
good team again.     ,,'..,   .,-....,■,
A■ hdndsomb cash register- arrived
at the club on Thursday' from tho International Cash Register Compnny.
Tho Govornment' Road • Inspector
should talco a trip upnhoro to* hoo
whoro tho sidewalk-usod to .bo, and
to sob If something c'could not ho
dono to rostoro thom again, Tlioy
nro a' porfect dlsgraco and ought to
bo Boon to'at^onco.'."' The Poli'Thx
has boon kept bit evoryono up horo
nnd we should rocolvo somothing In
Thanks "to our fire bell and the
speedy response* of the efficient fire
brigade '^to the {alarm turned in from
the .Pacific.;)3otel, the incipient blaze
at t G JfflMr*:&^baker's, was quickly
extlngulBEed ''J.      '. '       •.
■j*, i.- »>    >• •---'.■ .,     ,    ■■    - -*■
>tThe ,social' gathering at the* Eagle
Hall called for the purpose of giving
a gocd send off to W S Smith and J
Penman and W Banks, who are taking
a two months' Jaunt to the Old Country
was ah- unqualified success. Harry
Smith in the chair; acquitted the duties
of his office in grand style.,
There wore songs and speeches galore. '* Among'' thOBe', who' contributed
to' the evening's .entertainment were
W. Chambers.-..',W.. Drew,. J.1-Stevenson. J.;Hopkins,,.jnr, W-Michen, "V^.'
Smith; C. Lefley,* J,Perdue; J John-
ston7E'lPari8_,''R. Easton, M. Morri-,
son, M. * Brehhan;"' T.. Leyshon, W.
Banks. -        .' .       ■   -  ?
,-- '{■-., '•:    -      J' ■**    a    -.<
'At the conclusion of a lengthy and
' enjoyable program,* wr. Banks' was1 presented with i'a gold locket, W. Smith
and J. .Penman]eaiih with a charm of
the F,_,0.,E y.-   y.   ',,. ..;'■/   ,. ,.
Under the auspices of the Central
J3aptlst,Chur-ch of Blairmore; a singing
contest was held at, Cplemap on Mno-
day and was very largely attended.
■ -•The successful * contestants were:
Mrs. C. W Laysum, Pincher Creek
(first)", <f•Swallow"';' -Miss B McKinnon; Coleman (second); "Scotch Songs
Mrs G H Lee, Blairmore-,, (third)
"Ora Pro Nobis". Gentlemen—-W. H.
Haysbn/Cpleman (first)';. "Tlie Wreck"
,,Mr";T ;lAyshop,*<.Coleman (second)
"Star of' Bethelem," Mr A McMurdo,
Pincher 'Greek,-.5(thlrd>.-,--,"-!
,' Madame'Bessie Evans-Duggan was
the adjudlcatbi" and\;Afr's __ H Page,
of Blairmore, officiated at the piano.
Coleman* Is to be congratulated upon
securing, three of the prizes. The
takings .were ■ upwards" of $200.*, - *; ?
° On-Sunday next, the I O ,0 F will
attend divine service at St.'Albans
at',' 3 Vp.m. All..brbtlier's..we; requested to attend.;' -       y'.y     -' .  ■ '
Willlam'Thompson " is  making good
oh ..Fifth Street' ' " :.." a-.V'-1.:' v
" At a meeting held in the'"Skating
Rink by the Coleman' Football members the following appointments were
madeTr?.'President, W. Murrj Vice-!
President, G. A. Clair; Secretary, Jont.'
Graham. Committee, David. Reid, M.
Morrison, W Shone.^T Smith, W Irvine
D. Hall.' \The iquestion^df.-the choice
ot a captain was hold over' for a later
.date; particulars of whlch-^we'hope .to
be able to furnish next .week.
♦.* ♦' '♦ +. ♦♦♦,♦♦♦ ♦ •♦
♦ - '   ,.    9y ."Krltlk."   ... .   ♦
♦ ■ K" ". ♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦<►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
-, The Misses Ruttan, of Fernie,* were
visitors to this rural retreat Monday last.       ■ ■ > '■ '       '
Miss Crissle Plthlado was thb
guest of Mrs, Spalding of Fornie during 'tho "Eastor''holidays.  '   -  '    •<
.The ball held ln the- Opera Houso,
■Monday last by Uio Hosmor Club was
an exceedingly, pleasing, ovont.. There
woro about 40 coupleB prosont to pay
tribute, to tho goddess of" tho light
fantastic, which was unstlntlngly given, Tho music was splendid, tho
lunch dollcloua, tho Grand March ox-
hllliratlng and the Quadrlllos woro
p'orforroed* with pootry of motion; a
tout ensomblo that left nothing to
bo desired, and whon tho participants
Indulged ln tho ltiBt waltz, "Homo,
Swoot Homo," many woro tho oxpros*
slons heard that they might bo at
fofdod an opportunity for an oarly
good luck, who oh one'occasion found
one!of these discarded hoof coverings
of man's useful friend and was'delighted, thereat, - but -proceeding- _lorig
he es'pled- another, thereby greatly
ljicreasing .his.glee. . After, continuing, his. Journey a, little farther, he
he picked,. iu>_"thfee..j^ore, ..which... so
intoxicated him that he was tugging
along, in .a sjj. t?fpi' exaltatiori,.'whe"n,'
t^rnjjig a^'cd'rnw^harply; Ho,rari^into
^foreigner, who noting the horse shoes
graei&d him ypry...roughly*^ and,J^p-:
toandfed what he" meant "by sneaking
them'ioff his garbage wagon. It'was
Tylth Sdlfficulty that he managed to
aipe^lie the" wrath "of the Irate1 collector;' , As he. wended his way, home
w'ard'^hls faith _n the time-worn super-
edition was' rudely, shaken. Some-
what'slmllar1 must'jhave*-been -the opinion-..of^a- certain -young.' ,man Miere
recently/who, -while, feeding hia'"doggie ;• with--bread,-and" "milk'was ' the'
unfortunate vltcim; of a custom that
prevails amon^-Hhe Slavs "at Easter
tlin© of sprinkling water upon every-
niari, but in* ,;~the,'case referred to
ujie; blessing was too copious iri its
offering:,; as a whole .bucketful wai£
ppu-fedjupon *t .oyo^ng man, whfch he
resented".by "emptying7th'e. bowl' of
soaied bread^ and. milk* down the'
back of the la_y!a°!heck, much to the
consternation of the. religiously inclined, y ■
Messrs. Kelly., and Watson, were
guests at a ball given under, the auspices , of the Ladies' Benevolent Society; * in, Fernie* oij "Tuesdiiy. last.- J r
, '.Mrs. t t»igl>y -' was visiting" ■ her daughter, Mrs. A. Mathieson, for a, -few.
day£; this-."week':"      "•
JMiss Louie-Kennedy left on Sunday
Elfeol' " -,     ..J-'*
Mr. * Black, who has been one of
the key experts at the C. P. R. station ^for the past 10 months, has been
transferred, to, Wardner      7 .
porn. Sunda/- last; "the116th/ to Mr
and. Mrs Lbhgpre. a son.
* Mrs. Asselstin©_ has joined' her "hus-
bahdi' the doctor, who', is relieving
Dr. Higginst until.thbmh.-,
Jured on Wednesday by,,,a*, horse
throwing him downv and 7 trampling
upon] him when he. attempted to glVe
the animal a dose of medicine.
- Mr. W. Balderson .left town Mon-
da'y.,.' ■{■•'•'. "■ y *-" r
' Mr' and Mrs. Thomson, of Michel,
aref guests of-Mr and Mrs Musgraye. _'
-'"Mr Dalllng, accompanied by little
Willib,owere .'calling/*, upon" ,.Fernie
friends Monday. . ,
7 Mr. D. Kennedy and Miss McLaclan
came to town Monday with a view
to renting a villa along 'the bank of
th,e picturesque Elk,
Among other visitors, to our nearby
"Pittsburg", we note Misses Anderson
Marx,' Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Thome,
Mr J. F Jarvis and Mr Ferguson
Mr Percy Wiirr returned to to*wn
recently to renew old acquaintances.
,Dan McLennan nnd Jack Grant aro
now, employed at Beaver Creek.
■MIbb JesBle Mills came home from'
Lothbrldgo Friday last and spent the
EaBter holidays with hor parents,
Mr. D. MoLauren, school Inspector,
piild an official visit to Hosmor Wed-
nesday last, whon a mooting was hold
and an examination of the books mado
which woro found to bo quite corroct,
• Mr. Murdock McGrogor has rontod
tho estato of Mr. John Boudoln, buying all tho llvo Btock, and'sot up
hoiiBokoepIng with his Bister Allco ln
oh argo.
v-Mlss Whito spent a fow dayo In Pincher Crook this wook.
♦ ♦ ■*• •*■•♦'.■♦ •*• ♦. ♦" ♦ ♦' ♦
^ Tho''Ragles', gave.Ith'elr. second _n-
rilveriay ball'*.on ' Thursday evening,
the L-*i*'.'There* was 'fc large crowd
of guoks preaeht and "dancinc and
card- playing were enjoyed" by"";*'.aiiy.
Bupper .was*t.ervec*rand after~ partnk-
ing of'an "excellent-"repds'tv •which-Sva'S
catered jtor'byMj and Mrs Harrj;..Carr,
ehtei:tatnmentswere r'esumed' and--kept
,up - until; the--weer .inav* hours o'f * 'the
morning. "An" excellent time," was
the; comment of ."'evefsftthe'''present.
^ On ^Saturday., morning the Rev. E.
Chehbweth'passed away after a short
Illness' i.-Tiie^uneral took place on
Monday .'afternoon at the Methodist
Church.-, .Thetbodyr-was shipped Tuesday • mornihgT to , be .^interred at his
home. in. pn^ario. -.i y
""He "leaves""- wife' and child for
>vhom much sympathy Is felt ^ , ;
" On Saturday Wm? Bedding-ton1 was
brought.back form.Cowley with Mrs.
Scales on**(a charge, of.theft of goods
belonging * to; the;, husband*. of Mrs.
Scales, .by.• P.c.'Irving.1" "The'sulprlt
waa brought, up before Justice" of the
Pea*ce' Burton who 41smisMd the case.
. We ti'a've still -; got,mone^' in ^Michel.'
Saturday _la'st Lockhaft's^'-Hail, -'-was
packed ^tp'.see the picture shovi;.v The
lucky holder/of the--.- tickets-;. ,f or ~tjie,
$ 1-0 -in/gold^ werb,A. - Branch7and -Matt
Littler.   '*" ' *'  r -.,, yyryryr
, ^Vm." Trump was brough.'up'.before
J.P.; Burton on a charge of being i^i-.
capable.";':;His Honor gave; him the
option of sixty days residence at.the
beautiful city by .the**'-lake, or twenty
dollars and costs . He decided that
payment of the fine was the easiest
way-; out of **the difficulty, and accordingly- paid*it.-1; 7 "'     *''     "
We learn of-the-departure in -the
neWr! future of George Mlllett'aud John
Owen, Di-.ier known as/..orkIe,"-for-
(Kevelstoke, B. C. George has. got a
position asforemanloma-large building and "Yorkle'.is - going :o' look, out
forXomething In his own li*"*.."*- of.business! The boys will he greatly miss-,
ediby many in Michel.' "' ' - "' ' y-.y.
Mr; Thomas Crahan .returned SunJay
inbraing^from . hliT trip, to the~coasf
and; reports. things very dull, there.
" The Aleck Lauder Company entertained • .quite a large^crowd in • tlie
Lockhart Opera House on .Monday
night, and kept the crowd in roars of
laughter. , The ballads sung by the
lady .of the ,<<ompan*p^_/e;;e highly appreciated, also. On'the whole every
one was delighted with the night's entertainment.        ', - — "•"   ' y      '
minutes from time, a scrimmage was
seen in* the *' Single •■ Men's goal, .H.
Bf-own .scoring, but the goal wab-not
allowed, Long Morris hitting the ball
with his hand. '"Moody-and Millett
tried to i go. on .their own,, but were
stopped,.by.Moors",, "who. played a
good game. .The game was brought
to* a "close with a score of 1—0 in
favor of'the Married Men, who'feel
quite proud of their honors, * having
won two out of the three test, matches.
-''oTo. single put out one^ whose magnificent pla-y was noteworthy, do not
think that anyone will deny that- Bed-
dington was the* best 'forward •*'on the
Play* . * .' ;-  ■
5*. s>.-...    . "o^ie on the ,spot.;:
5 The, line-up .was as follows
» Single Men.T-*-Hudson, -gola; Millet
and^H. Evans, backs; S. -Weaves, H.
Jeniihs and Moody, halves; Harper,
S. Hampton, Beddlngton,'Joe'Mbrrie
and-J.-Watsohi'forwards; ';'.
• Married Men.—John. Briscoe,1 goal;.
TV Mathers.and.S. Moors, backs; F.
Pollit, W. 'Whitehouse.and R.',Garbett,
halves; W. Ray, H., Bro-wn, -"Fred.
Pollit; S. Hampton and Long,' Morris,
forwards..   . -' '"*- .*■■*"    '.'""■
.J. W. Bennett, of*Fernie,'will deliver a lecture, ln Crahan's Hall on
Sunday, at 8 p.m., under the auspices
of the Michel -Local S. P.- of C. The
subject will-be "Phases of Socialism
v-rEvolution .and Revolution"" •''■'
G, N. Railway
by Rail and Boat First Class
$99 M
., t.u\) :■■"  accoiiiit of
■ ,       .._*.•   *J.      -';   '•    „
, ,.  -*     i ■ , ■• - -
■    ■ ■ ■  0>" '"   '       , . *•'      '   '
Full particular-* at Local Office
t_f%  %y_y jm       , utme. jr*   T\   W"* Y* '
j /£^...,,,,/./£./*.£{ Jgr.,..,	
A": High   Clslss   Boarding   House
;.     Electrically, Lighted and, Stea?n
t  Heated Throughout        -•*•»
* .       ' . . • tl      tA . •
"''""'"     /_riJ'_. "'''       '        ■-■■■'■i*'    *  '    • ■      ■  *___■_____■___■__■ ■■■   T      '      ... *■ '..■ __■■__ ^m _tmrrarr*e
Wcrd ls received from Ilollovuo that
tho following notico has boon posted
up In various placos throughout tho
camp,   -
From April 1st, 1011, all rent dub
and on the day that tenant occupies
houso or building ront booomon duo on
lho snmo day In eaoh nnd ovory month,
Tor lioust'B and bulldliiRH owned by
W, 0. 0, Ltd, muat bo pnld In ndvnnco,
Letter Box
The editor, la not nsponalblo for tho
opinions of flnrrflsnrtnrtBnta'
ltedollffo, Altn.
.'•''• '    April 14, 19U.
The Editor, DUtrlct ledgor, Fernie.
Dear Slr,«-We would bo much obliged If,you will,spare us apace in your
paper to notify all miners to atay
awny, from Rodcllffe, 7 mllea wost of
Medicino Hnt, Albortn, hnd oblige,
,\ „ "2R80."
(Ka.—Wo publish (he* above a« por
request, but 'wotild *nilc bur correspondent to glvo' uY.oT reason for thenott
flcntlon so thai -wo*, may atatb'the
uumc lu tliouo column.,)
' "     7''DIED
Tho funeral of Mrs. C. C. Wright
will tnke place on Snturday noxt,
April 22ndt,At 10 o'clock from Tho
Holy. Fnroiiy  (Catholic)  CburcU.
Friends w|ll please.accept thla Intl.
, Married v.Single
.- A game was playede.last Saturday,
but owing to somebf tho married
men being away up .th'o'iElk fishing,
they could only got 8 of thoir. number
together'at the time appointed; so It
was decided to play threo slngla'mon.
Although the marrled'-men's* side* was
not up. to form, they • plnyed' a keen
gamo, losing by 4 to I.       -..  ,
A. challongo'was put'biit for Monday
and'Aleck Laudor was.referoo, .. The
first few minutes of tlio game was.lh
favor of the married,'/non, Long Morris run down tho right wing anil boat
tlio half-back and centered, which .was
met by tho old war horse, Harry
Brown, who piit In a lightning shot,
giving' thb" goalkoopbr""*no' ".eiirthiy
chanco, thus Bcorlng;-;,Jho .Married
Men's' first goal. Tho 'noxt' twenty
minutes wns'iioaily all mid.lold play,
tho Singles having a few breakaways,
but running up ngalnst an Iron fonco
ln , Whltohouso and Moor. Garbott
stopped a flno ploco of work, by Wntson
and Joe Morris,"'' A nilhuto lntor saw
Joe Morris with a goal at his morey
but ho failed to shoot at tho right
moment and Garbott robbed him of
tho' ball, Ton nilnutos off linlf-tlmo
siiw somo nlco combination on both
sides, both nets of bncks playing for
nil thoy woro worth, Hnrpor wns nt
fault on tho young 'tin's side, lying tno
nonr tho contro whon ho ought lo
havo boon on tho wing., noihllngton
was tho pick of tho forwards In (lie
first hnlf nnd was tho only dangerous
mnn on his Hldo, tho others being
hold In chock by tho mnrrioil'warriors,
Tho hocoiuI half wnn moro of n
kick nnd rusirtlinn football, but* (he
Married Men took things qulot for n
whilo. S, Hampton nnd noihllngton
shot with' great forco, but woro mot
by Briscoe .who plnyed lho gamo of
his life, Datson, in trying to centro,
Idrk-ml his own finklt**. n-n'd had' tn
drop In tho hnlf-bnck lino, Moody
taking outsldo loft. Tho Slnglo Mon
woro playing a good gnme.; and hnd
hard lilies In not scoring,' ' Redding*
ton got through a bunch of mon, but
faded to score, tho same player a
second Infer hit the post; It waa hnrd
linos for Fred, who hnd' played o
good giriho.* ''W.' Jenkins was cautioned for dirty piny. A foul gavo
tho Single Men n good chance, but
they could not got through, Garbott
stopping a good shot by heading ovor.
Tho Single Men were awnr_ed a cor*
my, but Matli.ri. cleaved. Joe Morris
and Moody .could not get tyr. Garbott
and Moors, but thb Single Men meant
businoss nnd Millett changed places
with Joe Morris, bnt thnt proved fruit-
les ji, ns Garbott1 wjis.sifo, and atopp-
Lid uotuo flue im.iau'i. Tlm gatnu wait
getting one-aided, the Married Men
hnvlng   most  ot  the  play,     Sovon
,♦■♦♦"♦ <+. ♦.♦'♦ ♦**♦ '**■»
.♦'.'. •',*='♦
♦ ,      ,      CORBIN NOTES.     . .    ♦.
♦* ■'"•'   ' ■  By "8weet 16." /''"', f "♦
♦V-   '".' "'■"■♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
i       "       „, -    ' ..
Mr, J' R ;HI11 visited' Fernie last
week. He returned' with an added
stock, of stories. ,.  '..;...t
-."The.CLP- R-ha.e-quartered a coal
inspector, in^ our midst. .    .   -.
'"• The butcher is still with us, and he
is'; making the most of his' time.
-. There isv some talk .* of - a ' kindergarten :.. being formed „in ' dbrbin;  ,J
f A,chapter of accidents'occurred ori
.the E, B. C, -on ■ Tuesday morning.
On the.down run one of the tender
"wheels',broke and but the track.lip
Glllyray the" passenger' coach got mixed up with a'C P R freight train and
was badly scraped. .- Luckily enough
no one was Injured.. .
-The great concert came ,off as advertised,'and from, a,, financial point
of -.view was a pronounced success.
Incidentally the people ^enjoyed the
programme of music* served up. As
usual--there was- a-dance after the
concert ln which a large number took
part, for'we are just "bugs" on dancing in Corbin. .,       (    7
'..Nursing fathers have their own
troubles In* Corbin on dance. nights.
Anyone' who doubts this statement
only need to question the two Jacks.
The stork paid a flying visit to tho
abode of Freddlo Hayiies Inst week.
Freddlo • has grown about two Inches
tailor slnco,   "
'.Paste Sunday was celebrated In
groat style' hero. Nearly everybody
In ,oamp  hero' have  stories, to  toll
about It now,
[• ■ .,
Clark's Moving Plcturo Show wns
up herb Saturday and Sunday. '
Fernie H-ame Bakeiy
* and Luricti Rint.
Give us a call
Luncheons Served '
every day* frbni9 aim. io 11 p.m.
Pork and; Beans Saturday
ship, &. Mackenzie    ..
, -Store Phono 123 ..  - -Houbo Phono * 180,
,-*- 5,
'.i'i i i'
■   .     1,1 t, i'l'
* Wm. Murr
T;. W. Davies
,.*► j
... I am agent for
i"Tli« Pride of Alberta" ■
■■-•'•    t       y
A Flour, of which , one
trial is all that is ,_eeded
to prove its worth.    ,    .
Try "GREMQ" a break-:
fast food that is a food,
Y/.Q. Warn
x •       '       .
,   General Merchant .*
Hillcrest    -    Alta.
' "    DEALER'
Special arrangements for
, , Parties,, etc
Order your Christina* Cake early.
Apply  for-Price List
Bread and Cakes shipped on the.
Local for Ea-stern Camps
OTTAWA, April l-i-Tho capital
stock of tho Canadian' Nortli Pacific
Fisheries has hoon Increased from •}•_■,-■
500,000 to $4,000,000. ,
Tho Canmoro donl Co., Ltd.,* has
beon Incorporated with a capital stock
of $60,000 Tho head offlco Is at Canmoro, Alia
Tlio International Mining Company
of Canada haB boon Incorporated* with
Its hoad offliio at Toronto Its capital
Ih $0,000,000
New Michel
& Blairmore
vv e are not Running a Lottery
But we are putting on the best
*• ■**, .    •'   .     '. ■ •
Motion Picture Show ia West-
, , ■ ■ * * ii
ern Canada.
- •.r.i**--
■V1 ,*i*'_.
: \ y
£')   '.
Prices   IO stud   15c -■* j*.".-^ ,•-« ,•-,'-':*•",:-..
\.'>'x .*■.* -.•-'.-.
* y _._£_: *'".V-.
x    .- .
.'    ,"        *.  ;*-%f *
'_    ,y_f    '     "J CM',   **   '* '
. -'.
*   * — -4- .
■,•""77  **:"  ,-tTy
**   v ■*.*
'\> .**_
£   -
.   - -r
r. *
ii •
Champions the Workers' Rights
Down lii thie Ottawa House
cent., but I ■
a  preponderating   majority
"Mi*. Madden.—My hon. friend from
I'aHfax (Mr. Croobj. before the
c&nimittee rose fit six o'clock, was
discussing with ihe Minister of !.a-
bor the question of the- reco_niX-in
of the unions.in tbe province of Nova Scotia growing out of the difficulties ' in the coal mining districts
for the last year or two. I would ask
him if it is a fact "that out of the
nineteen hundred odd unions that
were in existence in Canada in 100D
over ninety per cent of these were
International unions?
Mr. King.—I can hardly say offhand whether there aro ninety per
■would say that certainly
were in-
-ternational , unions.
Mr. Madden.—I think I remember
the minister saying that out of 1,900
odd there were 1,800 ' international
unions, which would be really over'
90 per cent.
Mr. King.—I might point'out that
the membership in these unions, varies considerably. One union might
have a hundred members and' ten
other-unions together would have no
more than- a .hundred, members'.
Therefore,, the .mere numbeV pf the
unions would not signify much.
Mr. Maddin.—I . am informed it is
a fact that "about 1,900 of the nearly 2000 unions in ' the Dominion of
Canada are international unions.
Now, I would ask the minister if it
is not a fact that the question of
the recognition of the United Mine
"Workers. of America was involved on
three different occasions when* boards
of conciliation under .the Industrial
Disputes Act were constituted in the
province of Nova Scotia, and that
each' of these boards was constituted
by an appointee of the men who are
compelled to appoint' a representative when they make their -application, and that tbe other two appointees' on .each of these three occasions, , were appointees" of the government? The first one of these'investigations which took place .was
other   economists.  in    this _, country
share the views, of that distinguished
gentleman.     However, on the occasion ..of which I speak, the chairman
of the board' was  Mr.  Justice "\Val-
lace, county court judge of Halifax.
I  do ' not  know  anything  about  his
capacity to sit - in'  judgment on • a
question „of economics,    but    as    a
member of his profession, and in his
capacity as a judge, I am sure that
he h.i. the confidence , of all peoplo
who come in contact with him.   But
as to whether or not a trade union
should be recognized I do not recognize His Honor Mr. "Justice Wallace
as a competent   authority.    -A great
deal of prejudice   was   exercised against    International unionism in  the
time.    Evidently   members   of  those
hoards'"forgot  or  took    no    cognizance , of the fact that  the  principal
industries  of. that province _ are' developed    by    international,   capital.
We have one coal mine in .the province of Nova Scotia cbntrolle-1 by a
company- whose -whole- directorate,
ajmost to a man, are. iVmerican* citizens, whose "head office _. .in Boston,
i-.nd whose annual''meet!¥|s^Te"lTeld
there.   I have reference' to the Acadia
Crnl  Company.'.   The- inveslm?ir; of
Industries of our country m?ans American "boards of directors and means
as in this particular case to  which
l  have  reference, ' American    mine
managers,   American-   overmen,   American underground managers-:   American  superintendents,    or    in    other
,.-__-.!..   American bosses.     Tlie other
appointee of the gover-nncnt .on the
fi;st loard of conciliation which was
held   on   ihese matters between the
Dominion    Coal    Company and their
employees  was  Mr. G,  S.  Campbell,
of  Halifax.      Mr.   Campbell  is   employer'of .labor,    a   square,   upright
citizen in every respect as   I   know
him, but still-.-an employer of labor,
and you would naturally    have    expected that the   Industrial   Disputes
Act, which, says that anyone having
an interest in the case shall not sit
on the board' would have guided the
minister in judging   whether   or   not
an  employer  of  labor  would be  an,
unbiased member df a board of con-
Cilia f t_f_.f*_.___Oi-__r-l -i-ir/tiT lsl _\ tt ti-f-._l_r-_.fi A Vi >t-rY_,__. _i-k-
umi.wu,-HUU—il* **Jlii**_i—UU. t -O- X*-w_Llx -lluJl-LU"
the conclusion that, being an employer of labor, he was ' unfitted * to
discharge    his     duties    .impartially.
ing the, employees, • "His" Honor Mr.
Justice Chipman" is, in' so far as" I
ject ^stated- was"-that of managing the
pecuniary affairs of the society; These
were words of very .cienslve/incn-
ing_ and-very-dangerous'powers flight
be given*by the use of these'general
and indefinite .terms. .The bill-proposed to incorporate theygrand,council
and all the subordinate.lodges. Some
of" .those lodges;were not in*,this "province but in New' Brunswick and the
House -was ;asked' to pass' upon" b'y-
| laws • of an institution not only' be-.
I longing to this province .'but'. New
know, Just,such a gentleman jas „ the I Brunswick as'.well.     One of the ob-
ceived by the Department of Labor
on the 4th March, 1909, and the' constitution of the board was mado up
of his Honor W. B. Wallace,   county | That is one case where the gov'ern-
chairman, of the board that   sat - in
tlie .disputes on March 4th in which
the Dominion.Coal Company and ,its
employees were concerned. ;As to his.
previous  record • with  regard  to  organized labor i have no Information,
but the minister could ..have   found
the record of His Honor   Mr. Justice
McGilllvray with    regard    to    organized" labor, and  I think'  if    he-had
made himself    acquainted, with. that
gentleman's past record   in   connection with'labor unions,-  if    he   had
known the active part that Mr.. Justice
McGlllivary had taken in the legisla-.
ture of Noy.a Scotia agoinst organized
labor In any shape" or form, he might
have hesitated before he would have
asked him to sit in judgment' as a representative of the employer to deter:
mine a question between the employe***
and the employee with regard tb the
recognition of the labor union.     In
1S78 the Provincial Workmen's Association in Nova Scotia , sought incorporation'under the laws of the'ipro*-
vince. •  Hin Honor' Mr. Justice'"McGilllvray was a. member" of the'government of Nova Scotia at that day
and" he it was who ied the    attack
against -the organization."     The government refuesd ,to pass an.Act incorporating the Provincial Workmen's
Association .    In 1882 the grand council of the Provincial Workmen's Association sought incorporation in" Nova
Scotia again and when the Attorney
General, Mr. C. J. Townshend introduced the measure Mr. MvGillivray said
, "Mr  McGilllvray thought it  was
a yery peculiar"-1 bill and one  that
; required   some  .-■ consideration    'os-
fore'" being*■ passed,-* and    that * it
.  would be imprudent' to • deal with
it  until  first * its   real   object had
• - beeii ascertained.     There was no-
'  thing  to -show   what  the  purpose
of the association    sought   to   be
incorporate was,    except' '"that,   it
was    to    promote the  moral, material, (social  and  physical - well-be'
ing-of its members and to manage
their pecuniary affairs.     Now under
so indefinite a purpose much harm
court judge of Halifax county, chairman, appointe'd by the minister in
tlie absence of any, joint recommendation of the other members of tho
board, and Mr. W. S. Campbell, Halifax, Nova Scotia, appointed by the
minister in the absence of a recommendation by the employing company. • In that case two members of
tho board, wore appointed by the
minister. The quostion of tho recognition of a union Is largely an economic quostion and lt seems to-,mo
that the minister In selecting two
representatives to form tho personnel of this board might 'very well
have selected someone familiar with
economics, somo professor of economics In ono ' of tho universities,
Professor Shortt, who sorvod on 28
or 29 boards of conciliation would
havo mndo an Ideal chairman of ono
of thoso boards. I discovered ln 1907
that Professor Shortt Is a strong
advocate of International unions,' n
firm believer In trado combines and
that ho bollovos that a healthy restriction on trndo combines Is International unions.     It might bo thnt
ment- appointed two members of the
board. The noxt one was tho dispute between, the employees . of tho
Nova Scotia Steel and Coal Company
and the United Mine Workers of America. 'In both these instances the
United Mine Workers had nnmed as
their nominee the president of their
organization. Now, I quite* readily
admit that Mr. Campbell as an employ-,
er of labor was ln as good a position
to render fair and equitable ' judgment as the president of the organization waB on the,board, and I condemn his appointment to sit, on the
board In tho same manner that I
would condemn tho appointment , of
Mr. Campbell. But I am dealing with
tho appointees of tho , govornmont.
Mr. Campbell was appointed "In tho
Dominion Conl Company.B mattor.
nnd at Sldnoy Mines the personnel
of tho board was made up of theso
gontlomon; Ills Honor Judge Chip-
mnn, Kontvllle,' N. S„ chairman, nppolntod by tho minister; Ills Honor
Judgo ' A. McGilllvray, AnttgolHh,
N, S,, appointed by tho mlnlstor
and Mr. McDougall   again represent-
jects.of the association, as explained
in th.econstitution was to shorten the
hours" of labor .and to strive to obtain
legislation'. by," which the more efficient management bf the mines might be
effected,'*'and to enforce the-legislation, already existing." -   Now. it was
well known that" the- laborers in 'this
country were not' over worked."  Their
hours particularly in'the coal,mines
wero not-long and  they  were, .well
paid  except when  times  were  hard
and all concerned were obliged to suffer and the wages were reduced in
proportion.      Then* with   respect  to
the management of the- mines there
was already* an Act-'. "on the* Statute
book during the passing of which representatives "of "* the.'association were
heard and every'amendment-that they
asked .for had been substantially incorporated "in the'.Act.  " Why then incorporate this society and give it' a
legal   status.rwhen'.the   constitution
of the.society was -so'-Vague' -and*
would;*'perhaps-give .them powers to
pass by-laws liy which the trade of
the country would be hampered! ,
Trades' * unions were • dangerous
things. In other countries where the
miners ~were subjected to oppression
there might be some 'call for* them,
but there was -no such oppression
in this country, and the miners we're'
fully protected'by the law. Theso
unions had ' promoted" strikes which
were very injurious not only ■ to the
employers'but in a greater-measure
still to the men themselves. In 1870
there was*a strike In the United Slates of a serious" character.
Mr,' Nesbitt;—Mr Chairman under , the' new ruling, hon.'gentlemen
must talk-to the,-question. I am -.ure
that .the strike', the hon; gentleman
is reading about in the United States'
has nothing to,-do' with the question. >    7    ,   .       *. .       .    '
Mr. .Deputy Speaker.—If a poin*_ of
order is raised, the item before 'he
chair -"is:   '"*■',-*-,
Conciliation and labor, 'including
publication, prhitiig, 'binding' and (lis*-
tribution - of the Labor Gazette, and
allowances to correspondents .  .
In buying baking powder
examine the label and take
only a brand shown to be
made with Cream ol Tartar
0 FiP RICE 5
Baking powder
A pure, wholesome, reliable Grape
Cream ot Tartar Baking Powder.
Improves the flavor and adds
to the heallhSulness oi ilie food.
ftln Ah
i**J J Alt
i%%0 4 Alt*. *t
a, uuupiiui.
Both Reduce the Healthiulness
of the Food.
"1 am quite positive that the tine- ol atom link-in**!
powder Hhould be condemned.'<*
—het. Veetiaa, Unittrtlty ef Mttkitmt,
Road tlio Lobol anil romombor ihat
"Alum, sodium alum, b__te aluminum aulphate,
•alpbate ol aluminum, all mean tha Mmt thlao—
namely. DUBNT ALU.U. *-*___ Stat* BaaiA efttteJA.
might- b"e^concealecl~    Tne~_.ouse~
had nothin 'to do with associations
of thevkiiid proposed, and it would
not be wise to mako a precedent.
He therefore, would move that the
bill be read this day three months.
On the second  occasion on which
the Provincial Workmen's Association
made an effort' to get their association incorporated in Nova Scotia, Mr,
Justice  McGilllvray, then a member
of the opposition,  moved  tho  three
months' hoist of the bill and ho urged
that  further  particulars  should  be-
brought to the attention of the House
and1 tiint the constitution of this organization  and  Its  bye-laws' should „ be
submitted to the Houbo.
On a lntor day tho Attorney Gen-
tral  brought  the  bill  up  again.
Hon. Mr. Townshend said in reference to tho bill to Incorporate the
Provincial Workmen's Association
which had excited considerable discussion in committee on Friday last,
in accordance with the wish expressed by tho Houso nt thnt tlmo ho had
communlcntcd with the secretary, of
thnt association nnd pbtalnod from
him sovoral coplos of lho constitution and by-lnwB and nlso a- statement of tho object of tho association.
The secretary of tho association at
thnt tlmo wns tho Hon. Robort,Drum-
mond, now editor and publlshor of
tho Maritime Mining Record in Nova
Scotia, and ono of tho loading authorities on coal mining In that provlnco.
In his "reply tho secretary unlil: "I
send you a numbor of constitution*-)
of our Hor-loly, T think you will find
thom nn good n codo of laws as In
nny socloty, Tho objectn of tlio society nro thoroln doflnod ns lining to
Htrlvo by ovory loglllmnlo moniiH to
Improve tho condition mntorlnl, - so-
clnl and moral, of our momborH, Our
nRHoi-liitloii Ims dono much good nnd
Ih Ntlmiiliitlng tho working men who
romo undor Hh Influonco to bottor
tliolr condition; lo find of nil ro
Rpoct thoniHclvoH, ns tho surest wny
of gaining tho respect of others, Wo
nook to got tho boHt remuneration
poHBlblo for our labor, but wo Incul-
cato Hint high wngos nro nothing with-
without an oxorrlsc of prudence nnd
■neoiiomy. Wo nro, If you will, n
trudes union on nn Improved principle nnd allowed by law, Soo chap,
lOf', Hov Hint. see. 'i  (appendix),
_'.__* ViHti rciul i_y tlu.) AUornoy
camo up for d!a<*U8-?lon before the
J Ion *■-.<>■, and Mr M*cGf|llvr*sy, fr-njin b\*
plnco In tlm Hon no hii Id:
"Mr. Mcnilllvrny .•uiggostcil thai
jib lm-if* "W-'if* HBvfini tniii.,BCTitlii'int-i
nbfiont when tho bill wns dlaciiRflcd
on a previous dny It wo'ill bo belter
to lot It Ilo ovor and tnko up nomo other Mils."
It Is to bo obsorvod that Air. Mc-
Ollilvrny did -»vi»rj'fhn'? ho rnttld lo
delay tho pnssngo of tlio b II or ovon
Un dlnf-nmtior,. ifoxx-fYor, Dw mnttor
camo up for dlur.u-i.siori, and ilicit he
Mr. Mcflllllvrfty did not onpos-fi tho
bill for any oxbor tmrpii* thar thai
of K-M'lta'K Xhr, tr-aMfM -.in-AroUndlne
nt rr-hnf  It r-fmtomrihtftl.
The purposo for whlc*. this nodc-ly
ttoURht to Ito liK'-.ir-.'oratod war nol
very olMriy i*t forth.    Th? iliti ob*
ploymerit?'" are /international, "l there
should be some very substantial. reason offered why the, miners of Nova
Scotia should   not   have" the.union of
their choice recognized.'     . , ,
-tAriother board then sat at Spring-
hill,' ." somewhat   later,* * comprised- the
Hon.    Justice J.  W. -' Longl.ey.  Halifax "(N -"S, appointed J by " the -"minister
in fthe! absence of any ..*joint/ recon>
mendation from "the members, of the
board; Mr Charles Archibald, Halifax,
apporited by the minister, in the'-absence of any nominee, by the company,
and.Mr." B, B. Paul.-M* P P.- appointed
on - the  recommendation  of - the  employees    Here again, the" Department
of Labor appointed two", members to
the board."   In. this'case, Mr. Paul,
members of the local legislature,, was
not a  member of, .the .United  Mine
Workers of America as in the case of
Mr. McDougall, who. sat as the men's
representative   on   the   other,two
boards.     Mr. Paul,- it might be presumed was not in the.position to be
biased ' that. Mr.'  McDougall -was  on
the ,two. boards that preceded5").Mr.
Archibald, who, sat on .the board, waa
general manager at the Gowrle mines
in Cape Breton for a number of years
and had - practically • all his.life been
a large employer of labor.'-;; He had
employed ^members of-.,th'e Provincial
Workmen's .Association .and had met
the labor unions time and again.     I
submlt,4hat-_any .man .who has boen
a .generai. manager bf coal mines and
an employer of labor is not a man who
should be appointed by the Department of Labor to act on a ,board which
is to determine the question whether
or not a labor union', should be  recognized by ,an employer.     I submit
that such ,a man, no matter "how "upright  Ke - may ' be; ,or  how ' high  a
sense of honor he may have, will be
warped and *clouded as a result of
his  study  and  his  past' experiences
and associations) as well as,'*his ..present associations, being ori the side of
capital.^ 7 '• -
Here are threo instances, the only
three in which the question ol the recognition of this .union has come before a tribunal formed under - the
provisions of thi' Act, and in , each
of the .three cases' this '„ government1
has appointed two' members of the
board, ,in each of the three cases the
company simply stood aside" and * said
we will--liave none of it, and threw
upon this government the burden of
appointing' a representative^for them
and in each of the three cases, after
that appointee was appointed' by this
government, he would not agree to. a
chairman, throwing -the burden '.. on
the Department of Labor, of' appoint-
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The first thi .{j. words, "conciliation
and labor" are so'very-broad in themselves" that I hardly, feel I can rule
out any article tliat refers to such
subjects. -''■'.   '-  '•'
„ Mr'.^ Nesbitt.—So long as he confines .himself to*this country it is all
right, but he "is reading about a strike
in the United,States that has nothing
to do with this country
Mr. Maddin,—I think the lion, member has been asleep and woke up "in
the middlo of my extract    "
Mr, Nesbitt.—I * was not asleep.
*Mr. Maddin (reading)
These unions had promoled strides
which.wore very injurious not only
to the employers but ,in, a  greater
measure still to tho men thomsolvo*).
In 1870 thero was n strike in United
States of a serious character, but
the moBt. remarkable case occurred
In  1873 among the laborors ln the
Burton mines   where    tho company
lost $250,000, wlillo tho men suffered
a loss of $760,000 In all, n million
dollnrs of loss ln consequence of that
striko., What ho  fearod ' In  passing
tho bill tlio Houso wns merely lognl-
isdng trndo unions, Ono of tho articles
provided that ono of tho purposos of
tho associations should bo to nsccr
tnln tho truo wolght   of   tho' mines
output.     This wns already provldod
for by law,   Anothor purposo was to
abolish nil Jllcgfl.  stoppages of pay-
lists,    Thoro  wns   no  nocopulty for
thoso, aB tlm lew of tho Inn . pi-ovld
cd for tho miko,  ,Thoso nsnocltitlonB
woro nv.ni'-yl l*y offlcorq,1 sent    -i-**
grnnd innitorB, iioorolnrlos.sotc, Who
wiir to pny 'Iioho offlcor-4?   Nfo dinbt
Uioho    win   joined  tho nHsoclntlm*,
Uo, tlioinlit ,t very, une .-jlrablo    to,
pntin lawn io tnke Iho miiiov onl nf
Uioho mlnom, when tlioro wns no no-
coHHlty or iiaofiil purposo to bo roi-v-
od by It.,   .Legislation   lind   nlrondy
boon pnBsoil to put down bIi-IUob and
horo (ho Houso wns nskod to Incor-
pornto an ntmoclnllon tho logltlmnto
objoct of which  wno, ho    bollovod,
somothing of thin nntiiro,    Tho 8Mb*
ordinate lodges thnt, woro to bo In*
corpprnted   mlRlit   chango   thoir by-
InwH nnd might pnun othcrg that would
bo Illegal nnd unjust, ond whon prose*
cutod for Illegal conduct thoy might
nppenl to thin Iv.Wintion n« a Jusil*
flcnllon  of thoir  proceeding**!.     [lo
whb not oppou.nl In nny of thojo iih*
hccmiiohh ko far nu tnolr objoct wns
iu ..'*jiin_it_ .(io .Kei.t-viUiU, tuoi'ti Mid
physical wclM»-.'Jng of their momhrrii.
hut Hwj.  to\ib\ -accomplish All thene
objects  without boInK Incorporated.
TIioho wero tho views oxprcflood by
rt fcviriiWflllll 111  ..**•_.•£,  WtlO HI   XttXltl, *il
ycnr« nftorwnrds without nny expressed opinion thnt would lndlcnto n
chnngo of henrt or mind with regard lo lnbor unions. Is nskod to sit In
Judgment, to represont tho Novn
Rrnfln Strnl nnd Con! Compnny, onfl
of tho mont powerful corporations
In tho nomlnlon of Canada, tho mont
p'-ii'trfiil corporation In tho Maritime
Provlnrrs, nnd say whether or nol
tho*c trade union* nhotild be recofrnft"
<*il. 1 Mihmlt that when It la borna In
mln _ Wax -all iho u-alena tf any Ito-
riorlnnrr, In thl« t-nnnt.rr, "" Jho ttnionn
with Dw largest membership aad the
unions which embrace lho (.roalesl
number of trades and branche* of em-
delivered   'to 7 all
ing the third man. "In the,three,rtribunals so constituted*-,six,appointees
were appointed.-by'this government,
and in the* six there was not one
man. who" found favor of recognition
o. the United Mine -Workers, of America; ..notwithstanding the fact  that
90, per cent of, the unions iri .Canada
are International unions.,    I ,aslc the
minister why, -on an Important economic question of this kind one of the
broadest economic questions that can
confront an expert ni economics, ho
did not, appoint Professor Shortt' as
chairman of one of  these 'boards.
Truo, ho was on the,©ve of.accoptlng,
or had already accepted the chairmanship of the Civil Service Commission;
but his past experience on, I think
29 boards up to that tlmo, nnd his
training as an economist would havo
put him ln a position tb hnvo dealt
fairly and equitably with tho situation
and I havo no doubt tho rosult would
havo been ontlroly different from "what
lt was under tho boards constituted
by this govornment.     How can mon
approach tho subject opon mlndedly
nnd fnlr mlndedly If their training
and thoir Interests ally thom with
ono sldo or the other?     I    submit
thnt It is a mental and physical Impossibility.    Yot on oach occasion an
omployor of labor was appointed by
this govornmont on a board of conciliation to dotormlno tho quostion whothor or not tlio employers of tlio mon
down ln Nova Scotia euould rocognizo
tho union to which  thoso mon  belonged.     Now, I npproclato tho difficulties which confront tho mlnlstor
In a mattnr If this kind; but whon
tho Eight Ilourfl Dill wob bnforo tho
ITouso-at tho Inst session of parliament, ho wns quito rondy to nccopt
tho rocommondntlons of tho commlttoo
which hnd chargo of that bill that n
profofl.Hor of Quoon's University Bhould
net an a commissioner    to   gnthor
Homo statistics with rognrrt to   tho
olght hour dny.   In such n enso a*
thnt, affecting labor nil ovor tho Dominion, ho would not think of soloct*
Ins an omployor of lnbor for lnborors
of tho country would at onco vlow
biicIi nn appointment with mmplclon
nnd would rcgnrd tho dntn gnthorod by
mich a mnn nn unfair nnd onesided,
Tho snmo thing npplios lo tho constitution bf thoso trlbuiinlH.    1 know tho
difficulties ot soieotlng tho right men*,
but the universal** coiiutni men woo
&t*} ntUvi'titti'i U.i li.it/M. Hiii,t,ii\J„t,.      IVti
aro confronted year atlor year wllh
tho fuel thnt lho developmont of our
rcnotirccB Is cnrrlod on largely with
cnpltnl from abroad, and Intcrnntlon-
"A.  *..rtVlV*A*<  1UV**AWB   .^I'L-Cli'iA'UV.ilrt-l   V(UA«\i«
of directors. Tho manufacturers who
combine with ench other do so for the
purposo of bringing about cheap production. Thoy can, when thoy hnvo
a monopoly aquoeto tho employees
nnd force thom to nccopt lower w»jir*»«
especially If thoy are Isolated or If
thoy nro mnitod In urn-ill nnl-*<n»* of
threo or four thousand. In ths evidence given before the commltteo on
tbo Klfiht Hour Dill last session, tt
appeared that the Manufacturers' At-
im. latlon of Caan-ia It -m-rjvommI of
nbnnt S.fJOO imen, who havo nn Invont-
menl of over $400,000,00, who turn
out productions worth over |S00,800,-
000 and who employ over there 300,-
♦♦♦♦♦•^♦♦♦♦♦•^♦•^ <►♦♦
parts of tlie • tewn'
Sanders &  Verhaest  Brothers.
Trade Marks
AnTono tending a (ketch ind doncrtntlnn may,
illicitly (uoortnln oiir opinion freowlio'	
ntion li probnblr
froB. OlclOBt niton
. ..tont» tnkon tnrougu	
tfieial noUct, -without cuargo, la tno
 . . .... .. rteo_j**l-otlier ui
Invention li probnblr r»tqntiibTB.-.Conimanlo»-
tlont •trlotirconnaontinl,^HANDBOOK on Patent*
lent fros. ifidost (iKoncr for ioourfntLpatenti.
quickly ftioortaln oiir opinion ;
itlon !■ probnblr pnto-**-*"'
idontfaLliwiuD-...     .
 — AKoncrforioourln(fp»tL__
I'ntonu tnkon tbrouiU Mann Avo. noelve
. ...   J.
LBJgOjt Olf*
Scicntili. flmciicait
* finndaomoly Uluetrntod wookly. Lrvfiost i
mtloD of any lolentltlo Journal. * Torrai
nada. t:UlTa yoar, iwntaRO prepaid. Bold
lira-nob Offloo, && JT fit, Wmhlnwton. D. O.
Are Your Kidneys
Working Properly?
It Will Pay You Well to Make Sure
There's been a lot of "guessing" about
rheumatism and rheumatic pains genrr-
ally, but you can be dead 6un_ that little
pain across your back came Irom de-
created kidney action.
The kidney's duty is to filter the blood
•—take out the impurities collected by
the returning blood stream—tlo it just
like absorbent cotton In a funnel filters
the impurities from polluted water.
When the kidneys are not working you
are bound for one of two courses—Diabetes and Bright's Disease or Rheumatism, Lumbago and Sciatica. The former course is usually fatal, ond the latter
always painful,, but you need not huve
either, as they both can be eaMly prevented.
The very best prescription for all kidney troubles ii Nyol's Slone Root Compound. It Is no "patent" medicine,
but a scientific prescription competed
of Stoneroot, Duchu, Juniper ond other
remedies of proved value. More than
that, it has been proved by thousands
who have had glad relief from its use,
Tlieri's nothing quite so miserable as
the dragging results of sick kidneys.
Vou are trifling with your own future
when you neglect so simple a precaution,
as a pleasant home treatment with Nyal's
Stone Root Compound when results are
so certain.
It soothes bladder Irritation, gives
you rest and comfort at night, and mokes
life once more enjoyable.
ilie kidneys, liver and bladder are all
flej-.m-lrnt upon one on-Mbcr, aud Ih'uVs
Stone Root Compound is particularly
designed to help tnem all.
For Salo and Guaranteed by
OfMfor -Mch tvtry-ity •ttmmt
000. I am told this Is a conservative
estimate. What opportunity have
littlo seventy-nine labor organisation*
to coptt with such a union as this?
The economists point out that the
rotm-ily la not to tear the Manulac-
'  I,
Bar Unexcelled
All White'Help
Up-to-date ,
Call in and
see iis once .
\ x
The Hotel of Fernie
F-ui-nio's Leading Commercial
anil Tourist House
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal §
for Sale ft
George Barton    Phone 78
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
141. Moots ovory Friday night nt
8 i>, m. Minors' union hall. J.
Jncltsoii, Frosldontj _•_, Marshum,
Recording Socrclnry,
Bartenders' Local No, S14: Meota 2nd
and -llh Sundays at 2,30 p.m. Hem-
tary J. A. Qouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U, M, W, A.
Moots 2nd nnd -1th Thursday Minors
Union hall.    J), Hoo*"-, So*1.
Typographic.!! Union No, BBS'   Moots,
last Saturday In each month at tho
nM nry.
Local Pernie Ne. 17 8. P. ef C. Meet*
In Minors Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.*lfi p.m. Everybody welcome, T),
-Pntnr.   ftpprptnr-i*-Tr**.i«nrfir
(Continued on pa«e 1)
Amalgamated Society Carpenters  and
Joiners:—Moot In Miners Hall ovory
altornato Thursday nt 8 o'clock. A."
Word, secretary. l»„ O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joftt«r«.--Loeiit Ii20. D. .1, KvituN.
.resident; V. If. Bhaw, Secretary.
Dr. de Van's Female Pill*
AvtlUbltPitfMhr-_tttUlafiBf.trt»lli. Tl*t#
ptiu ete txuaSiBgh pawtthl U\ TtgaUttag IU
f•Mtaiittportkn «? |>« I'm.t* .r*t,tr,. Ifihti'
*t Uv*»p tmluii'uM*. Ut* 4e Vm_ %t* wfr! *t
He tot. m ihr«« In, nt M.urt to tn?i4«J«,"
Ti.* ftMtwll Hirer C«w Si. fr»ilir?««roi;t:
For Sale at Bleasdsll'a Drug Store.
M*__*-,^«M'NV1*«W'.***_» *■_•">?•«
*> «rl_r'«l*_#^HB»»*»l»( «
»-ft^¥^W* j*&aj$i+£tJrt*W. -^ 1^*1^ - _* -bittUMP '■ -^ ,**.#i*-
^-■^•-^Eje^.^-f'-i-^* •
, -,_.T_..»*_r-l^- -•- _-«.„...   j*-  , -:e
-1,   .-.■"i*.    ■**■?■_■. ,,-?"*r *-**i.     I
-"'■•:-7^>^15-*"7 . '
1 'i' _.,
A'i *..*
■*■ .•* *"*- i
V t.
■ y
♦ "    V.sta'tnom sudobnom Idoino /'*♦
♦, vdbivahom - v'.. Pondelelc "dna   ♦,
♦ 16hi Januaj-a , 1911,   Pompei   ♦
■ ♦   Cheilll bol dbsnanlo krades   ♦
♦ - miner v Coal Creek a odsu-,. _♦
♦"  deni na 3,m'esace zalaru tvidy ' <►
♦ ■ prace. '. ♦'
Nella;corte provinciale dl
Pernie Gennalo-16,' 1911,' fu
arrestato Pompei Cheilli, per
11 latronigglo del carri del
mlnatorl, a No. 5 e'No,"l"
Nordo. mina, Coal Creek. II
quale f u '. condannato a tre ■
mesi dl lnvoro forsato.       '
In the Provincial Court held"
at Fernie on Monday, Jan. 16,
. 1911, Pompei Cheilll was convicted of the theft of miners'
cars at No. 5 and No. 1 north'
' mines, Coal Creek; and , sen-'
tenced to,three months' Imprisonment with hard labor.
Crow's   Nest. Pass  Coal   Co.
\ ,-
■"  Tout' ouvrier1 mineur ' est
.prle de ne pas venir a la pro-,
vlnce" d'Alberta ou au bassln
..du'},Kootenay (Colombie Anglaise)  puslqn'il y a; plus _e
1 6000.sans emploi.     ,_■ -
. Ce' qui fait la force, "la puissance
du mouvenie'nt socialiste, c'est la communion de tous lea.travailleurs organises poursulvant a* trayers les formes
gouvernementales les plus diff.rentes,
le meme but par le meme moyen. l'ex-
. proprlation -Sconomi.ue de la classe
capitaliste par son expropriation pol'l-
' tlque. -Mais/pour que cette unlt-3 socialiste riSsiste, les travailleurs ne dol-
vent compter que sur' eux-memes, et
ne pas subordbnner leur action, a une
traction de la classe' ennemle, qui ,ne
saurait se joindre a nous que pour
nous ,de"tourner, de; notre     veritable
. champ de batallle. -La revolution sociale . que' nous ^voulons.mener a bien
ne sera-efficace quo si nous restons
nous memes, sans compromissions.Ce
sont les divisions politlques que les
dlrigeants aiment a entretenlr. qui per
^mettent al'Stat" actuel du regime capi*
tallste.de prolonger son existence...*
. Et cela est si vral.'que si. Ia classe
capitaliste, ne"se.dlvisalt pas en'bour-
.< geolsle monarchiste ou r-gpubllcaine en
elle auralt 6te[ d<5flnitlvement <5cras(5e
a la premiere d£faite, de ses confllts
' avec la classe- prol«.tarlenne,'-parce que
■do cette facon si une fraction est .vain-
.* cue, elle peut toujours etre remplacfie
/par une autre fraction. .  Et quel que
solt'le changement de forme, le prol<5
tarlat continue a peiner, et contlnuera
,  a  polnei*. encore de longues, annees
,,_ant que nous n'aurons pas coule, sans
, distinction de pllote, le -.valsseau .qui
porte la classe capitaliste et sa fortune
"c'eBt-a-dlre   les   scandaleux' benefices
. quo lul ont donnea notre misere et notre servitude.    ''
day, night, but as he himself expressed* it, under the existing* conditions
incident to the miners dispute, one
could readily understand tlie reason.
He thanked those present for the cor-
dial .reception accorded. * ,     *
There is not the slightest doubt that
he (Aleck) is a very painstaking performer and gives the very best that
is in him,- but for comparison with "his
famous brother would refer,our readers to the simile contained In the* balcony scene of Romeo and Juliet: ',
., The multi-musical Instrumentalist Is
a splendid executant, the spontaneous
applause that marked each "turn" and
the' Insistency of the recalls clearly
proved that his efforts were appreciated. "," There ls verve, .vigor and
vim in every1 movement and the manner in which he acquitted himself as a
foot artist .place him' easily in tlie
front rank of 'entertainers. * ■ ,-,
The lady's' first song, ."A Thousand
Pipers and a'" was'rendered In clear,
sweet'and/particularly pleasing style
resulting in an encore which, being in
Gaelic Aye do not know what the text
was,"yet the tones were distinctly'melodious. ', . •-• r '..' '''
. In the time worn song ''The Wearing
of the Green,' the - enunciation" as ln
previous numbers was perfect, and the
audience applauded- vigorously. "
,, Taken all lii all it was a pleasant
evening's entertainment and the participants went away„satisfled that they
had received their,, money's worth."  ,-
.   ~:y>y^:-ry-'{ . WO'TICE. yit/. 'i"~-"'''   /
All. members are -advised riot -.to**'accept employment
on aiiy construction wori_;at,any of the/Western Coal Opera--,
.tors Association mines before receiving the approval of the.I
-Executive Board. '  -   :)■       r.;'V , 7, : :       ■ ■ .-"
. Tutti i membri soho'avvisatidi noii accettareil lavoro di
• "'■'"*'. ' °**     *     «       _ '  *   i ,*i- ^
costruzioiir degli operatori dr rdihere .del'Ovest finclie un ordine
non sia emaiito dalla giunta essecutiva. ,;
Ysetcy udova su uporedomeny stat od prace. napravania
ktora sa tikac zapadnich uheluch spolocnosty pokim nedbstaiiu
podzvdlenia od tabiile prace.     ' .j
. Ked potreba ete nejakie visvetlei^a hlaste sapri domacich
predstave^nicli abo y casopise.
Champions the Workers' Right in Ottawa House
(Continued-from page 6)
La guerre ne peut avoir d'nutro effot
que do transformer en champ de massacres, do sang ot do rulnes, les torres
disputes;, olio no peut avoir d'nutro
offot.'par lo renouvollement do luttcs,
quo (l'oxnsp6rer ces passions qui ab-
outissont do part ot d'autro a des convulsions sans fin; olio no pout* avoir
d'autro offot quo d'lmposor a doux policies a porpiJtulto, par 1'urgonco porpo-
tuollo du peril, la dlctaturo mllilatro
ot bI la patrlo no pdrlssalt pas dans la
ddfalte, la llbortd pourralt pdrlr duns
la vlctorlo,
Heurousombnt, la tnctlquo dos pou-
pies opprlmds chango nujoiird'hul par
1a naturo dos chosen, commo la tnctlquo du proletariat lulmomo, Do
momo qua lo proletariat u roiionco a la
guorro dos rues ddnormals Inofflcaco
pour marcher par l'organlsatlon do bob
forces (5coiioiiil(iuoH et politlques, a
1a conquoto du pouvolr, do memo los
peuples conqiilB, opprlmds ot foul-Js ro*
nonconl aux soulovomonts armds de
jadls pour utlllsor au profit do lour
Inddpendniico imtloiuilo los Hbort.a
polltlquoo crolssontos.—Jnuros.
By a vote of 43 to,-18 the Colorado
House refused to impeach,Judge Gree-
ly Whitford for .having sent a number
of strlkingvminers "to jail for*, a year
because they persisted in trying to win
their strike. In the trial, or rather
in the farce that was called a trial,
it was not shown that the men had
"gal, ,They, had picketed, '-which' is'a
right that-Is recognized.and they had
tried to persuade somei of the strikebreakers to come out of, the mines.
In' the opinion of the court, while the
man may have had some slight right
to" strike, they did not have any right
to make the strike effective."', So
they got thb harsh sentence of a year,
both to "punish them and to show to
other striker's that the courts were
standing right In with the employers.
f Tho State Legislature by • its ■ vote
shows that lt.stands right In with the
courts, nnd'will back tho courts to tho
limit. Thus the circle Is complete,
nnd the working class, ■ not ■ only of
Colorado but of all othoi* States, can
plainly see the forces thnt are against
thom, Employors, courts, and lawmaking bodies aro united, and'one will
assist the other In tlmo of ncod. If
n judge ls wantod to Intimidate strikers and break a strike, ho Is "thoro
roady to do lt. If a body having control over a Judge ls approached and
nsked to call hlm to account for his
notion,, that body Instoad of doing it
rushos to his assistance
Thoy aro all banded together for mu-
tual protection, nnd for tho purposo of
ltooplng the workers In'cheek
turers' Association or the" combines
or monopolies to pieces, but for the
producers, the employees to unite,together in just such proportion, so that
these two bodies,'equally balanced, will
be able to : treat fairly one" with'* the
other, .That is'the view taken by
this country, and I venture to say that
there ls not a' gentleman occupying a
chair, of economics in any university
of the United States or Canada'who
would vote on a, board of conciliation
where'he had taken his oath, to.do
his duty, against the recognition of a.
union because It was.international or
had. affiliations ln a' foreign country.
In ,view of the fact that the government' has assumed ■ the responsibility
of" appointing the• chairman. and .the
company's representative on each of
the boards of conciliation which have
tried out this question of' the" icooe-
nitlon" of the * union—and I am sure
the'hbn minister is himself a firm believer Jii trades unions,, havin? Repeatedly said sb in this ..House -- 1
submit* that the government should
serioir.Jv take into, consideration some
step-in the*direction of legislation to
compel employers to recognize their
unions regardless.of where their affiliations or connections may be. . If
it is the.duty of the Department-of
I.abpr to act as an intermediary between the employer'and the employeo
It was only a fnlr slzod aiullonco tlmt
flroototi Alock Laudor nnd his company
nt the Fornio Opora Houso on Tuos*
Tho British nnd Unitod States
I'harmncopoolfts, two of the greatest
medical .*oo1.b of authority, stnto thnt
the nctlvo principal of PIGS is a vnlunblo LAXATIVR romody In tho treatment of all KirWHY, Livnn,
STOMACH and IIOWEL disorders,
Contains tho nctlvo principles of FIGS
combined wllh othor valuable modi-
cnmontH* which constitute thom lho
host romody for tho nbovo aHmonts.
At nil dcaloru, 2l> cents por box, or
Tho FIr l'lll Co., Bt. Tliomns, Ont.
List of Locals District 18
Corrected by District Socrotary up io April 22nd, ,1011
ItanVhond  . . WhonM-**.  •ntinV'mp .. M»?
Beaver Crdole  P. (Jaunhton, Doavor CrnnV, via Plnr-h-M*
Dollovuo.,  J. Burke, nollovuo, .rnnk, AUa,
Blalrmoire ,,  D. J. Chaio, Jllalrmoro, Alia.
Burtnla., Win. Sloan, Burmis, Alia.
Canmoro  J, Nelll, Canmoro, Alta,
Coleman  W, Graham. Colemnn. Altn.
Carbondalo...,•••• O. M. Darles, Carbondale, Coleman, Alta.
Cardiff I* Hucklm, Cardiff, Alta.    :
Corbin H. Jones, Corbin, Tl, C.
Diamond City Charles Orban, Diamond City, Lotl)brld_re,
Pornlo.....  D. Reea, Fernio, B, O,
Frank  0. Nicol, Frank, Alta,
Hosmer 3. Ayro, Iloamct, B. C.
Hillcrest J. O. Jones, Hlllcn. t, Alta,
LotUbi-IdKtt I* Mwvo, P. 0. lion [ i'i, Uthbridfe
Lille  W. U Kvana, Lillo. Frank, Alta
Maplo Leaf  M. Gllday. Maple Uaf, Bellevue, Alta.
Michel.,.,,.  M, Barrell. Michel, B. C.
PaHbtn-ff ,.,. Wm. Cooko, Paaiburr, Alta.
Royal CoDIwIm ... T. Loaf irorUi, Royal Colllory, LethbHdn*. Alt a.
Tnbcr. WTIUau Rumlt, Tat&f, Alia.
Tabor...  E.Brown,Taber, Alta.
rfnrris—ono ;of The functions "of
department to bring labor and capital
together,  ihe • minister '„miist  surely
realize that where ■ the open shop ex-
isr.s. where- there are "no labor unions,
If Is a physical Impossibility' to have
the men brought up ■ one by one to
meet their employer," wnen ns a union
they could send their officer** to deal
with their employers on their behalf,
, Modern* trades unionism Is making
advances within' the ranks of Labor
just as are the organizations of capital with the ranks of capitalists, and
this is a good thing- for employers
as well .as employees,     Many of ,the
best trades unions In this country discipline their mon nnd thereby relievo
their employors of a distasteful- responsibility nnd harsh measures.   Our
labor   unions to-dny   recognize that
tho man who shirks his work, the
man who watches tho clock, tho mnn
who arrives Into at his machine, or
his work, ls a drag cn tho union, and
thoy either compel him to mond his
ways or send him nbout IiIb business,
If a man trespasses on the rights of
his omployer nnd ll comos to the knowledge of tho union,-the union takes
thnt mattor up nnd deals with him
and thoroby removes from tho, employer a disngrooablo tnsk,   That is
the condition wliich oxlsts   In    lho
largest nnd   strongest   international
unions, nnd I submit It would   bo
bottor for cnpltnl In the provlnco of
Nova Scotia If nomo good substantial   union,   bo  It  International   botwoon Nova Scotia and tho   Unitod
Stntos, or national In tho boh bo thnt
It would bo nfflllntod with   a   union
In Groat Llrltnln,   existed   in    that
provlnco, becaimo   thon   capitalists
would bo nblo to dcnl with somo good
strong HiibHtniitlnl unions which appreciated   its   responsibility,   ns   a
mombor  of  a  powerful nssoclntlon,
nn'd would   undortnko   to, discipline
Its own muii nml (hus bring nbout
groator harmony than   hns   lioroto-
foro oxlstcd In Hint turbulent Industry—tho conl Inilustry ot Novn 8co-
tin,   1 nm not making thoso obsorvn-
tloiin, nor did I mako those which I
did two weeks ago tn discussing this
mnttor for tho purposo ot Imrrnsslng
or delaying tho passage of tho minister's ostlmatos, I hnvo ovory sympathy with him In hin administration
of this new dopartmont which   haa
-»*mV»tr'l"?'S cn !c£...s.«;,_■_ v.V.C. Is usl
ly of an -*»«pnrl-mnntfi*l phnri-i-M-'r,' but
ho must ronllxo that thero aro many
Imperfections In tbe Industrial Dlspu-
to* Act, and In the Alien labor Act
that ouRht to bo removed,    T have
no dmibt thnt tin*, my yinnl fri*-*,/! m*
that article from tho Trainman's Ma-
gailno a llttkt further ho might have
found tbat Uio main raaaon for the
ability of tbo Grand Trunk railway to
man their trains lay in the fact that
they wore abla to hottte man acrosa
the lino In spits ot tbo Alloa Labor
Act. No doubt tho hon. minister haa
and complaints ot the flagrant manner in which tha Allen Labor Act
baa been violated even fn lhe tlty of
Ottawa; and ao long aa an employer
can look upon thli law almply as a Joke
and bring In men from acro-aa the
M& wUttii-ivw ha Ukee, he noed ho
nnder no apprehtnilon on account of
any labor union be it weak or strong
I have every sympathy with the minister ln his undertaking   this   new
portfolio, and, instead   of   harassing
him^or annoying'him In any way, I
would rather assist him in bringing
to perfection some "of these measures
which are in,the .experimental stage.
I ask him in all seriousness whether
he does not think that some legislation should   be   enacted which, would
relieve the situation we have In Nova
Scotia—a situation which enables an
employer to say to him men:   I will
speak to you as'individuals; as John
Smith, 'Tom"'Brown, but not as members of this or, the_)0tlier union.,  If
that; condition be allowed to continue
there'is no excuse for the existence of
our Department of Labor.*  ' What I
urge on the minister is that he should
make it clear, the employer of labor
that they will be obliged to recognize
a union regardless lof where its affiliations  or "ties may be,  and if he
would do ".this, the difficulties under,
which the department labors would be
substantially, removed.     For in that
case he would have to deal with-but
two factors—the union and the'com*
pany.   . But where" there is no union be
has to" :deal with'.Individuals  whose
numbers' may run up into the thousands as well /as ,with the company.
It is'a physical Impossibility to carry
out the objects of the department unless there be a .union.     A couple of
he believed ln trades unions and he
said he* did7 >" Then he must concede
that the workingman has the right
to choose his own union and that the
employer should, not be permitted to
say to him:  You may join union A,
but you must not join union,B, for
if you do I will either dismiss you or.
not hire you.     If the hon. Minister
would seriously consider the framing
of such legislation and  also devise
some means -of. enforcing tho Allen
Labor Law.  and oC constituting tribunals under tho Industrial Disputes
Act, I think he would mako a very
long step in advance, and would remove tho causo of quite a numbor of
breaches ln tho relations between labor and capital In this, country,
Mr. Chisholm  (Antlgonlsh),   I do
not proposo to follow my hon.,friend'
throughout his meaiidorlngs or to discuss tho labor question or trades unions or' anything of that kind, biit I
rlso simply to tnko objection to certain observation , ho mnde regarding
Mr. Justlco   McGilllvray.     I   know
Judgo McGllllvrny who Is on tills conciliation board referred to by my hon,
friend, nnd I wnn| to say that tho remarks of tho hon. gontlomnn with ro-
gnrd to hlm nro altogether uncnllod
for nnd absolutely unjustified,'    To
those who know-Mr. Justlco McQIlll-
vrny thoso romnrks would cortnlnly
sound vory strnngo.    Tho hon, gontlomnn hns ouloglzQil tho Unitod Mlno
Workers, but ono must not forgot Hint
ho hnd boon tho pnld solicitor of thnt
organization.     Ho hns hnd n brlof
from It within vory rocont tlmo and
for aught I know n.uy still hold n
rotnlnor ln Its bohnlf.   But grant, ns
mny bo tho mlmlrlntlon of my hon,
friend for tho Unitod Mlno Workors,
It In not, rogiiriled   In   Novn Bcoiln
with nt nil thnt nmount of respoct.
Whnt I roso pnrtl'uilnrly for,   how-
over,   was not lo dismiss this union
but to tnko objection to tho romnrks
which my lion,1 fi-li-nd mndo regarding Judgo McGilllvray.    Ilo Intlmntod
that Judgo McGllllvrny   was
from a careful, Impartial, truthful
judicial men like Judge McGilllvray.
He advised to go slow; he wanted to
hear , all sides. If I were disposed
to offer advice. I would say that It
would be well for the hon. gentleman
(Mr. Madden) to toiiow the lines pursued by Mr.* McGilllvray when he was
. i
lh the legislature of Nova Scotia. But
admitting that "Judge McGlllivray, was
hostile to labor unions twenty-seven
years  ago  great  changes  may  have
come over his mind.    I can remember
when the political views bf the hon.
member for Cape Breton (Mr. Madden)
were entirely, different    from   .what
they are today.     That does not' detract'from his merits or,, involve ■ any
reflection upon them.     Surely, even
if Judge McGilllvray   did    entertain
views against labor organizations or
unions—and there is no, evidence that
he. did, mark you—the hon. gentleman
might have been generous enough to
believe that in the course of twenty-
seven years his mlrid might* have been
changed and be disposel to see labor
organizations  in. their  proper   light.
But when you consider the fact'that
Judge McGilllvray was on the bench
when he was on this arbitration, removed'altogether from'the turmoil of
prejudice,   and   considering -tlie   fact
also that he was sworn to dischnrge
his,duty impartially, to do what was
should, be permitted to belong to the
organization of their choice,.whether
it be-in affiliation with organizations
of another nation, or wholly contained wthin our own province and
country. In order to .relieve the hon.
member's mind of the idea that perhaps I might be receiving a .retainer
—I do not know, what the custom is
on the other side—I can assure J(he
anj; labor organization in, this House
hon. member that I have received.no
retainer to promote the interests of
During the summer of 1909, or to be
accurate from 19th of.July to the
19th" of November,'I was solicitor under contract to "the United Mine
Workers' of America and "acted as
their solicitor, afterwards .being specially retained in some cases in my
own county. That' is my whole connection with them, and I have had
nothing to do with them or ■ with
any other labor organization, either in
a professional or any other manner,
from that time up to the present. I
have not even had correspondence
with them, except that their officers
have sent me petitions to be presented asking for the repeal of tbe Industrial Investigation Act. I am surprised that the hon. member for Antlgonlsh should have' suspected' that
the character of his distinguished
friend ln Antlgonlsh was so easily susceptible to attack. I am sure that
he will" read "Hansard"* In vain for
language of mine that wlllbear any
construction reflecting upon the honor
or dignity, or character of the Hon.
Justice - McGilllvray, for whom I entertain as high a regard in his judicial
capacity as tho hon. member for An-
Mr. King.—I do not wisn to take up
time more than is necessary but as
the hon gentleman (Mr. Maddin) has
mentioned , these , six ' appointments
made by the government, and if I
understood the force of his remarks,
he would have the country believe that
in some" way, due discretion had not
been exercised by the government in
the choice. I would like to point out
to my hon. friend, the circumstances
under which the choice was made in
each instance. In the first place the
companies have the opportunity to
name a member of the" board, as the
employees'have, and the government's
opportunity to make the appointment
does not come until the company has
either refused to name a man or has
nominated some one whom it is impossible to appoint. This afternoon,
in the House, ' the hon. gentleman
asked me if I had observed the petition from the miners of Port Morien
with regard to the member of the
board appointed by t'he company.     I
mining district of the province who
had not taken side one way or*the "
other, and.whose views.on the que.
tion involved were not already known. "
Therefore,,in choosing a chairman,- I
sought to find some impartial person
and made selections from members of
the' judiciary,  believing  they  would
have no personal motive to serve.   I
share my hon. friend's admiration for.
Professor Shortt, and would have appointed^ him on one or two of thes-a,
boards if he had been available'.
he   had  already  been, appointed, as
c_'.*;ririEn of the Civil eSrvice CoiEinis- -
sion, and for that Teas in he Mas'not,'
sciet-ted.     As to the question "b'f.le-
glEiolion compelling recognition of tlio
i-ninns if the hon. gentleman has any   .
le*t.J,V-ilion  which  he would  like  the
government to con&ldm and will sub^    .,
mit il  to  us, it w_.i  be considered.   -
Bu- I would    po-.nt out, that in the
pr.-it -j-ce of Noy-i • .Scotia at* the present time, ono of the features •<> ba
considered is the fact that you havo
two unions that are. set-kin*, r-icosni-
tlon, and that ls the'main difficulty
in. N6va Scotia at the present time.
There are the United Mine Workers'
Association asking the employers to
recognize  them,  and  the  Provincial
Workers Association asking" the employers' to recognize them.   There you
have two labor organizations,    each
seeking to be recognized by one employer, ,'■-
Mr.    Maddin.—That  is  not  so  In
Springhiil.'*     '
Mr. King—No, but it is "in the other
two cases Any law enacted' would'"
have to be applicable in all cases and
I, cannot think "of any law that I
could recommend to this House which .
would meet a situation of that*kind,
and compel an employer to recognize
a union, when another union is also
asking him to recognize them.
Mr. Maddin.—What objection could
there be to legislation which''would *
compel an employer to recognize any
union  to - which  his, men  belonged?
Supposing thero were ten unions.
Mr. King.—It depends upon what
the hon. gentleman means by recog-.
nition. There are two different kinds'
of recognition, one involving a con-
tract wth thc union, and one which
might not involve a contract."   If .what
my hon. friend means is, allowing an
employee the right to belong to any
organization which he chooses,' I think
that  is  a  liberty  which  every  man '
should have.- *   On the same lines I
hold the,view that nn employer should   ,
bo free to say whom he shall employ, -■
thn is a matter of individual liberty:r -
If you concede to one the- right lo
belong to any_orgainzatl_on_,he_-_chooses i
sure the hon. member will agree with
me, on reflection that he spoke a. little
hastily, when he insinuated that Judge.
McGilllvray  could  not  be  depended
utfon .to. do justice between employer
and employee.     If I* were Interested,
whether as employer, or employee. I
wouM not, have any hesitation in appealing to 'Judge- McGilllvray as an
arbitrator who, would give fair play
and.justice, In preference even to tho
hon .member for South Cape Breton,
for whom I have the highest regard.  •
Mr. Madden—It seems to 'mo that
the hon.. member for Antlgonlsh (Mr.
Chisholm) was unduly exercised about
His  Honor  Mr.,, Justlco  McGilllvray.
I would utter a friendly "amen" to nil
the  eulogies  tho hon. member caBt
upon  the* distinguished ■ jurist,        I
merely pointed out' thnt Mr. Justlco
McGllllvrny was nn appointee of this
government, one of six, but, notwithstanding thnt ninety por cent of the
unions of this country woro international unions, ho and the othor flvo
rocommondod ngninst tlio recognition
of International unions.   I polntod out
that his past record in connection with
unions was such ns would cloud nnd
warp his judgment.
Thoso wore tho terms I used.   And
nddod that, doubtlons, If such woro
tho case, he was unconsciously biased.     As n mombor of tho legnl profession, suroly tho   hon   gontlomnn
(Mr, Chisholm)  cnn    undorslnnd , u
man pohhobhIdk nil tho virtues that
ho nttnehos to Mr. Justlco McGllllvrny
could bo unconsciously blnsod.     Tho
lnw tnltoK cognizance of unconscious
bins, nnd for thnt ronson, forbids a
father to try IiIh bod, n son to sit
In judgment on tlin father, and others
within cortnln grndos ot relationship
to try tliolr own kin.   8o fnr ns Mr,
Cnmpboll and Mr. Wiillnco nro con-
corned, I think thoy arc, to sny tho
lonst, i-qiinl  tn  Mr. Justlco  McOllll-
vrny In nil tho virtues iihsIkikiiI to
him by tho lion,  mombor, nnd  my
observations wtlh regiinl    to    Uioho
biasedll gontlomon woro to show thnt  (heir
"mentioned lo'him that I had refused ,you cannot' take away from the'other
to' appoint the nominee of the company pleases.
because I had understood he had an    'Mr> Crosby.—What would the minis-
Indirect interest or was a shareholder} ter 6ay where therc are two orgj,nl. r
zations?     In the county of Cape Bre-'
in the .concern affected. *   I took that
stand because, they refused' to name
any other member of the board.-   . I
named the maypr bf Sydney Mines
believing him to be a person who would
act fairly on behalf of the company.
My lion, friend says he was a government appointee.     But It was not due
to any desire on the part of the government that the appointment was
mado, but because'one of the pnrtlos
failed to name a representative thnt
could  be'accepted.     In  selecting a
man whero either of the parties refused to namo ono, my lion., friend
will soo thnt our only desire' cnn bo
to select nn lmpnrtlnl mnn who would
be ns for ns possible acceptable to
the  interest  concerned.     If  it  is
tho mon who hnvo refused to nominate, thon somo ono ncceptnblo to tho
mon should bo nppolntod,    I think in
somo cases.tho mon did rofuso to nominate, and In those ensos I nominated n mnn who I thought would bo
nccoptablo to thom,   nnd at the samo
tlmo would glvo confldonco to tho community ln general.     As to tbo np-
polntmont of tho chairman, tho remaining mombor of tho bonrd,  tho  two
pnrtlos soloctcd ln tho first Instnnco
hnvo an opportunity to nsroo upon tho
chairman; tho govornmont haB nothing to say In tho mnttor unloss thoy
fnll to ngrco, nnd then wo hnvo to
appoint n chnlrmnn,    Thc Idon always
Is to got hoiiio poiHuu who thorn is ron-
son to bollovo, w*|l net  with strict re*
Kurd to the Justice of the hit nation.
In  tho  provlnco  of Novn  Scotln  I
wns nwnro of "tho fnct thnt tho struggle wns largely a union striigglo, thnt
thoro wnn hnrdly nn omployer in tlio
ton a large majority,of the men,1 four-
fifths of tlie men, I believe, belong
to the United Mine Workers' Association. ' Why should thoy .not be recognized as well as the other fifth?
Is It not reasonable that the great
majority of the working men who bo-
long to the United Mine Workers' •
Association should be recognized by
the employer? *  *
' Mr, King.—Thc membership may do
divided,, ns my hon. frlond has indicated. But a couple bf years ago I
think the lnrgo majority belonged .
to the Provincial Workingmen's Association Tho position mny bo
changed slnco then, nnd It may chango
again. I don't seo that it is going
to ba possible on tho ground of moro
numbors to lay down a gonornl rulo
thnt Is going to bo applicable to nil
enses, I tnko tho snmo view with regard lo momborshlp In labor organization's thnt I tnko with regard to
nny othor organization. A man hns a
right to belong to tho Consorvntlvo
party, a man has a right (o belong to
the Presbyterian church, and he has
tho snmo right lo holong to a trades
union, But I do not think wo can
forco nn omployor to employ only
Prosbytorlano nnd. Conservatives, or
trado unionists,
Mr. Crosby.-—But doos not tho mlnlstor think that minorities hnvo n
right to bo rocognlzod ns woll ns majorities? Tho Conservatives nro a
minority In this House, hut does ho
not think thoy should bo recognized?
Mr. Kliig.r-I lmvo rognnl to minorities as woll ns fnr majorities.
nnd pnrtlsnn. Woll, the hon. gontlomnn hlmsolf, If I remember rightly,
wired on a conciliation board, nnd I
am suro no ono will any, notwithstanding his ndvoency of tho Unitod
Mlno Workors, thnl whon ho snt on
that board ho did not oxorclso strict
l-monHtflHt;*- nnd 'tl*-''*h**.rj;r Ms duties
without nny praiiidloe, And T n-m
quito "or© that any ono who knows
Judgo McQIIllvray nnd my hon, frlond
will bavo no hesitation whatever In
•aylng thnt as great Impartiality
■histlr-*- nnd falrnms shnnlrt bn ornoolofX
from Judgo MsGllllvray aa from the
hon. gentleman, and In aaylig thla
I am suro that I om caatlng no reflection on tho latter, but rather paying him a compliment,
Bo far as tho'ability. Integrity, Impartiality and honesty ot Judge Mo*
Ollllvray are concerned words of mlno
are not needed. My hon, friend (Mr.
Madden) quoted some remarks made
by Mr. McGilllvray twenty-ae-ren yeara
ago, as he said, In opposition to a
bill Intended for the amelioration of
workingmen The worda aa quoted
most have struck hon. memhors as being such words as one would eipecf
nsHodntlons, their trnlnlng, tho vk-ws
thoy hnd expressed from tlmo to tlmo
—-views that thoro wns no ovidoneo to
show hnd ovor boon changed—woro
such as to porhnps cloud !!nnd warn
thoir Judgment nnd thus rondor thom
unnblo to doal equitably with n rase
. I.     . I •*„     1. t.   * Tl. i"        ' ...
%,.       ..,.,>      «..,«««> *       *t,.^4iiU      U^^WlUli.,^
■nnlhln'i. dlnbonornWo to nn.v nf thr
gontlomon whoso names I have mentioned, I simply pointed out that
In preference to these mon, thero
might have beon solectcd somo stud.
p-n.   pf ftnonftwl*-",   ??-?.?  "**-^_Pr"'7*.*" .'.**.'.*«*
ono ot our numerous universities, a
man trained In economic questions of
thla kind.
The hon. member for Antlgonlsh
suggests that I eulogltcd tho United
Mine Workers of America. Ho Is absolutely mlstakon there. I have not
nt!fit*f'rt a syllable In this llnnm, st
any time since ! became a member
ouloglntlc or derogatory to the United
Mine Workers of America, or any
other labor organisation of this Dominion. I have aald. and I say It
again, that wben It la tonr^ed to
men tbat they have tbo right to belong to a labor organisation,    thoy
Since its foundation,
it has been the policy
of this Company to
embody in the
D fik trt i n arinf% r*
S^Wjl______ A *>*£%  tL'^J' SLJL
in perfected form, thc best typewriter ideas by
whomsoever advanced.
For _ nr Infect m.nif«!atioa cf thb policy, I_iiK_t tlie
new Visible Writing Remingtons Nos. 10 and 11, which
embody every desirable feature extant—PLUS an Adding
QndSubtrdctingMccJwnism which constitutes an innovation.
The voice that cried in the wilderness 30 years ago:
"You cannot afford to write in the
old wny;" now acclaims with equal
conviction: "You cannot afford to
calculate in the old way.1'
Remington Typewriter Company
818 Pender Street.
Vancouver, B. 0. ■s^1
i4..***. >'
vw. .V'i-.wi'-f'-'-,'*'-1.   -H-I-7"tfo1*"' -"■ 'f.*-"'-"":':."■"- •*-* "*■*■' -" -.-■**>i
, 7'-i'
- r v
_ . *
., .Don't forget the plan for the "Queen
of the Moulin Rouge* opens at Mc-
* Lean's Drug Store tomorrow morning
,    at 10 o'clock. ,   r
"* { Don't forget Tuesday, May 2nd, to
attend the Gymnastic Exhibition of the
Y. M. A. A. in the basement of tbo
Methodist Church.   ,' ,
• «    ,      ■ . '   . -
.'Superintendent Smith, accompanied by several other officials of ,the
•7 Great-Northern, left Fernie in his
'private car on-Thursday morning after
a tour of official inspection.
John Howbrook left on Thursday
morning's G, N. for a -trip to tbe
ideal apple and fruit country of Washington, North Yakima. He expects
to* be away* for 4 or 5 weeks at least. _■
Rev. T.-Albert Moore, D. D„ Superintendent of the Moral and Social Re
form work of the Methodist Church
,   throughout   Canada,   will   deliver   an
address in tbe Methodist Church next
*    Thursday evening, April tbe 27th, at
8 o'clock.     The public is most earnestly invited to attend this meeting.
Dr. Mooro is a very strong, and force
ful speaker and'is thoroughly conversant with his subject.
■   Next  Sunday  at  7.30  p.m.  Gerald
Desmond,  organizer  of the  Socialist
Party of Canada, will speak on "Tho
History.of the Working People."  The
•  lecture is  a   carefully prepared   one
and is said to be intensely interesting.*     In  developing his subject the
■    - speaker quotes from history and takes
-    the' writings of novelists  and poets,
reading many extracts  to show  how
the workers have struggled' through
the ages.     Questions are invited and
a   bumper   meeting   is "expected. *
, To those workers of. the Crows
Nest Pass, who "'pause lo lliink and
consider the Question seriously, and I
believe tliere are many such, one of
the greatest lessons, Jf not, indeed,
tho greatest, to be learnt from "the
present situation is lhe almost inestimable value of a press flghling their
battle and bound to' stand by them to
the finish. The writer" of this is not
-'a resident of the District, nor effected,
save indirectly,-'by the present, situation, and.therefore cannot be accused
of having an "axe to grind".on the mat-
- ter, but one who looks .fit things from
a working class standpoint, he, feels
=»*.hat-=thB"***T-resent time.is opportune to
, bring this matter-home to' those who
are   all   too   careless   and   negligent
 in .their support of   one of the most
is the*"fact of its. fairnesg and impartiality," aiid its* willingness to give
the square deal all round. .Probably
at some time or other most-of us have
believed these assertions, but! this belief has gone the.way of many other
delusions of our .verdant yoiith-^-delu
sions founded on a misconception, of
things and a'lack of actual experience. We have come in contact with
life and conditions as they are, riot
as we were told they were- or as they
ought to be, and we are disillusioned
We have-*learnt in the. school of hard
and bitter struggles, -and we have
come to realize the,"fairness" and impartiality of the press, so prated of
in times-of,-comparative industrial
peace, will endure about as long,, when
it comes to a showdown,' as a can
of lard ,in a blast furnace. - More
particularly has this been the case of
recenttyears, with the increasing bitterness of the struggles between the
owning and nonowning'classes which
compose that thing 'called Society.
Obedient to th.e wirepulling of those
who control it, the reptile press of the
country is ready'at all times with Its
open hostility or the even more deadly
"Icnife'in the back" tactics, through
perversion of facts and misrepresentation.
Jn various struggles aforetlmes, the
miners of the'Crows Nest Pass have
had their share  of this,  and  it  appears as if they were not forgetful of
it.    . Attempts,  like" the   present,  to
keep up the standard of living, have
been heralded as "preposterous    demands."      They  have  been   villit'ietl
and misrepresented in every, way, and
they have not until .recently been able
to hit back.     The ownership,and control of a paper in the present case
gives the.men a power both for offense and defence' they have never pos
sessed before.,   Its value cannot'be
estimated.     That, the men ljave been
treated ns well as .they have by' the
other publications is itself due-not so
much, or- in fact not at all. to* these
publications 'themselves,' but ,lo   the
fear of the,power of the minors most
effective guard and keenest weapon of
offense—The District Ledger.'
• The largest "consignment or oranges
that has ever been; received in, this
city has arrived.""('.,More than, 3,000,-
000 oranges'have, been;,sent here from
California: ;'..:TheBe;oraiiges are absolutely the'finest.that' have even been
shipped but of California and Fernie
has been especially favored in, the
quality of the oranges shipped.  •
The occasion of this immense consignment is a special sale by the California Fruit, Growers Exchange.   The
oranges^* have  been  sent  here. on' * a
special fast train in order that'they
might not be injured .or'delayed.-in
...ansit.      7 ,     .; •      ,   -   *      -    *,
Every fruit dealer in the city has
stocked*, up  with  these famous  Sunkist Oranges, and every dealer will
sell them at lower prices than oranges
of such fine quality Jiave ever been
sold in this city before.    ,l't is freely
predicted  by ■' the , dealers,"Interested
that every one, of these 3,000,000 delicious Sunkist, Oranges will., be sold
long before the week Is ended.
which.distance ha*, to-be travelled,on
toot; -tramping through _*nbw, acid requiring'"* four days-hard ..walking.   -.In
thepast-ifhas been, the rule"'to, pay
men' who1 go' to-, these remote places
their wages'; from the point of departure; which* in-this, caso "would be .Edmonton,- but ..this enterprising concern
Ignores all previous custom and .only
pay wages from the time* a man starts
to work.on'the job itself.    The wages
paid, are only $3 a day and while this
might seem 'a fair rate (comparatively) working _n a large city like Vancouver, where, the cost of living is not
near so high,, it is altogether, different
when on\acc6unt>of the cost of-.transportation'* a "much- higher,- scale -fof
wages prevails.",. 'Imagine, If you' can
after ' a long, - wearisome journey  of
one hundred" arid fifty, miles, eighty of
which is through, snow or muskeg to
find that $6 per week. Even at this one*
would'not have much reason for complaint if the food was plentiful' and
even a -slight variety, but the staple
provisions consist of sow bosom and
beans, and for a change beans nnd
pork.  " Potatoes, an unknown quantity, fresh nit id unheard of.
standing as-to the conditions, of om-
ploymenti the food to be provided, and
prices to be paid-for wearing apparel,'
However,,would also give'all job seekers' theC advice that Punch* gave '-.to
those about to be .married ."Don't!"
to any offers of employment that-"may
come from this-.Yellowhead-Pass Coal
and Coke Co., unless there is a decided'improvement in'their treatment, of
men. than was shown-to those who
furnished the foregoing report •. '.",
There's a punk publication in the.Pass
'.' 'which sometimes, waxes*""wise,"
The-name of this punk" paper Is'-* the
7 Blare-more Enterprise,.. ' ,J * -
That we'll endeavor .'to describe,, but
in a superficial .way, ,. ''■.<*•._
So, if you please,, recline at ease "and
,   listen .to-our-lay.-:        .- •
The Store of .Good yaluies
• i
Revelstoke has bought a water wagon for $485' says "The Ledge,", but
fails to give names^of drivers and list
of passengers. '•'•', ,' • ■
- It is rumored that a syndicate is
taking over, three-coal-mines located
along the Coal City spur near Taber.
These are the Alberta .Consolidated
Coal Co.'s mine,' 'owned by David Wilson of Spokane and operated' by
Messrs. Wilkie' and King, the Rock
Springs * Sootless Coal Co.'s - mine,
owned' and operated by W. E. - Bullock; and the Star mine, .which " has
not been operated for some, times! The
two former liave fully, equipped,plant's
and have a daily, output of about 12u
tons' each. ■ It is said that-the new
company will operate all three mines
as  one.—Lethbridge   Herald.
potent factors .and weapons .that can
possibly be used on iheir 'behalf—tho
wdrkifig class publications. Tf there
is liny thing upon which tho-ordinary
.newspaper or publication prides itself
and which it proclaims at, all times it
HOME.—Premier ■ Giolilti presented
his associates in the new Cabinet qf
Parliament recently and outlined the
policy to bo pursued. *•**•
Of,prime importance.-he said, was
the matter of electoral reforms,- and
tiie government would . advocate the
granting-of .the franchise to all', who
had" seen military 'service, or males
,    '    , COMPANY     -   ■'.','
■  "Distant pastures look green," is an
old saying, this coupled with the fact
that on- account of the enforced idleness throughout'District 18'many min-
, ers  are  wondering  where   io' go   in
j search of jobs'and'having heard of'the
j new development, north of _ Edmonton
i may turn their, attention in that' direction. •   'A'few lines on ..the*.'conditions
"existing there* will no doubt be of Interest:--"There-"is one company, The
who had reached the age of SO years
Compulsory pensions*-, for working
men would bo introduced. The financial situation of the nation was good,
but a stop must be put to "the-growl h
of expenses. ' *
Tellowhead~t*ass "CoSramP1Coi?c~Cir:
employing about 25 men in charge of
a mining engineernampd'Cbl..rove and
under the,: superintendence * of Cory
Wetherby, located >,about' 1G0 miles
from" Edmonton, 'mere  than   half  of
Tlie work m r.lope work in water up
to * he knees, sometimes, which,. ot
co.ivso "compel the we-iriiig -.of oil
clf.Vl.i)i.E and* gum boots,,.an additional
heavy expense, because "of the hign
price to be paid. . , - ,
Men with spirit, after a short experience  will  not  submit ■ tof conditions
such as-outlined, ancl when they call
for their Avages, a cheque js handed to
them   that is  payable-in-Edmonton?
but as there are four stopping places
between the -. property of The Yellowhead Pass Coal and-Coke Co. and Edmonton, anil as men must eat on thoir
way out. ready cash is necessary in
order'to pay,for meals, because,, it is
natural-the proprietors of road houses
are  not giving meals  on credit nor
are they cashing the time cheques, but
this, company does,not give a hang
about what'happens to the men.     If
they .discontinue to work under the
miserable conditions it is none of tlie
company's,.business,if ','they suffer in**
■ convenience,,or'hunger;  on the other
hand if they will be good,, quiet, spineless creatures,' accept their .fate with
resignation and be, on -a" par .witli worse
than what convict? have* to  put* up.,
with sdffar;as living conditions are
concerned/and even these men when
released are given sufficient money, to
reach7lhe^dhit. from, which they originally came,;' 'Men wlio liave worked
i'n the West" know' the customs of the
country, and five of those who rcceut-
'ly. left the/employ of this Yello\vhead
corporation,  members^of District 18,
insisted upon being provided with the
Theres' Dr. Williams' Pljls "s pink -*or
people who are pale,,     .' 7^-".'.. *■
A picture of a codfish who "holds a
codfish by'the tail; .*-
Also a remedy for coughs that simply
cannot fail; ^ .   . *
A rupture cure which will endure' Is
advertised for sale.       -
oasIPnecessary. re™W_^of--cxpeTrse"s-
en  route to Edmonton.    'The. above
statemenj, is accurate in every parti-,
cular,* and .would advise" that anybody
who thinks "of" going iu there should
see that they have a written uwler-
-<.*     *,
Once in a while, "it is' to smile," ,as
the .French are wont to say,
Tl_ eeditor makes a crude attempt oiir
■_ M. P.P. to flay.' .   ,',      * -
With imagination .vivid, and a splice-
in his main brace,
He tries with guff to run a bluff, but—
the deuce won't beat the ace.
In a recent'issue of his sheet he dishes
up a riddle,.   , '   ■
If O'Brien because,of feet'so big'can't
practise on a fiddle,*   *
And* if'it-'takes a'ray of'.light some
fifty years .to travel    ' '    '_.*•*.
From thence to hence or .hence'   to
*, • theiiee, it sure'would.beat the devil
*■--, ,     -
Now, we are going to ask one, and you
7 must'grin and bear it, '    '
-nbwn of Booth and likewiseBartlett
Then with due care, just pluck a pear
.'."named after Mr: -artless:     '   .,
With calm, slow haste, beat tb a paste
a rutabaga tartlett.     ' -'„ .
Take 'said ingredients, well stir thom
-with* a spade, '   ,    , .   *"
And it's full result may be some cult,
/   -say Liberal-Ladies'Aid.
• Jlost anything,.in fact,"but then what
*  we would like«to know      "   ■*
How loiig.'iwlll^bc before wc see a
■ '   carrot fried in  snow?    "7 ...   '
To you, this may sound foolish, and
->    even though we grant,- it," -   .', ;
'Tis no"l a .whit'more'foolish than "En-
'    ..-■■ »■ "' - ■   '• °- ■
11 _.—- _ v.—.—^7- 	
. Your.-Jdollars have at all times,the' biggest;pur-    ,-'•'
7'. chasing power* here: *, Let us "supply, your w-ints
*-    at-a saving to you.-;   '-.:     j •_      ■'■„ -• -*> *, *.- •. ',' :,.
-= *   .*.       ---. • r >*■' . ■;■": ■':■ - ■■' '   • . * *'-.-' ..-
,'■ ;Toasted Corn Flakes. 3 pkts' o ■...-.. •* y '•' •'.* .*25c. ;
*-" "Fry's,-Breakfast Coca,*;l"-2 lb,,this, each.7.,.;"* 25c. -.-."
- Canada First Cream;large 20 oz.' tins, 11 tins for'$l *:
*   Sherriff _' Jelly Powders; ,4 pkts .... .7....    25c. '
'   Baby,^(Mi Toilet Soap, per .box. of 3,cakes    25c. *'  '
' - Table'Syrup— 5 lb.tins   .- i\ '. v-.-. * *"" 25c. .' -
^-   *      '"   {'   ; '10 lb.' tins./......;......,.....    50c.   .-
- '   ..Ridgway's 1.1b'' tin's Old Country Tea, . ":
y     y    Regular 50c:'  Special 40c. per lb.    ■   ' '   , '
. , . ,   <- DEPARTMENT
/Wc will furnish your'home or-any'particular
, ;"vo6m on the Easy Payment plan.
. A cash deposit and regular weekly or.monthly
," "payments .for. the balance as best suits your con-    '
venience.   * ' 7 -.     ' *    . ■'       ...   "   " •
' *'!
Here it is, Waiting for U
FOR  RENT—Five  Room * Cottage.
Apply.* W. Minton,* Annex.-,   , "•  31-Sf
20 Acres'.of fine Land at $30 pei*
acre, covered ,with,taniarac and cedar.
■Also one half acre*, lot, $150. -" Apply,"
J. lleLaughlan, West .'.ernie.'    3S—4"L
WANTED—Girl for general' hus'oe-
work for Hosmer Hospital. Must bo
good cook-, "wages satisfactory. For
particulars apply Ledger' Office.- -
Fernie and -.district<* for' the .Tolonlal
Investment Company, and'is prepared
to advance money on business .block's
at a reasonable,-rate of interest'-■
\\\ don't' expect?that the' effect on it
.will ho ^or. belter, ',   *•-_•-.     <*
Rut' even, so, we'll let If go at that, and
, mail This loiter.' I•' (   ..-"\.     ~,
. "TO"R-NT'J—Two New.siiewlyplaster-'
two-roomed Houses;' wood shed, and
w.c.'for each; good well close by.,* Apply, Robt Wright," West Fernie:-   32-ttp
Live-'Man' or- Woman  wanted *for
wnvir ni'__nmn navlng S2.00  or-$3.00
per day with "opportunity to-advance-
Spare lime may be used.' Work not
difficult and requires no experience.
Winston'. Limited, _ Spadlna Avenue,
Toronto,   ' "'  ,.'"     ,     3?"*^*-
FOR   RENT—Heintzman   . Parlors,-
Miners' Block, either whole or part of
store.—A_*.ply,   D.,- Rees,   P. O. 36 1,"
Fernie? B. C.  ,    * "-,',',-'     *
' This' is^your opportunity to' b'ecoine
independent.      Sarcce. Gardens,   acl-'*-
joining  Lhe beautiful-"new  city ' park-
now.ein'g secured by Calgary from tlie '
Government    is  . the  finest 'Market *'
Garden proposition" In' Alborta .today. ,
Your market is close at hand.   -The
land has been thoroughly tested, and
has ..proven highly satisfactory.   The .
prices on Market" Garden, produce are -
high anil the occupation* Is very profitable .while" the \york-is light.   '        t
■   Yoh can got-no better'investment. •
Work yourself and get* all the profit.
'In ten* acre tracts, price Is $150.00
■per acre;.   Tenjiis: Quarter cash, bal- .
ancc over'four years. "* ■ .
"We have'duly'21- tracts left:    'You-'
* should:-DO IT NOW.-       ',*.'-
,f Ask' us about. Qity. property, poul-'
try,- raising 'farms in all- parts of the
province "and business"- openings."'.
have them*   -   ' '"-'    . ;-      .   V'7
Write"   LAVENDEl .    CURTIS
HORNER CO.; CiVlgary,'Albert af
■»     i
Greatest Dancing Show on Record
Largest Musical Organization Ever
The Most Talked of Musical Production of the Present Day
24 Musical Numbers
Parisian Novelties Galore
Most Elaborate Costumes
Stupendous Production
10 Massive Scenes
Travelling in the "Mulin
Special Train of Five Cars
"   ■ \    1 '■t3»iM3m^imm'e4<i^^i^,>i'^'»'
Some of the Big Song Hits
it * ■
"Painting Paree"
(inn   1 . ..U   I* if a"
"When I'm Alone With U"
"     " ,*>
. "The Pleasure Brigade"
"Pajama Song"
Complete Drama of the
Underworld Of Paris
Plan of Seats opens to-day (Saturday) at 10.a.m,'at McLean's Drug Store.   Get Your Se^ts priced E^lyj tG^t'busy. ,
-— ■- — ■   ^^.^jg^j^^MB n^jfl,,^,^, jm^^mt^m^0^/mtt^mmiaamammaaemaetam^aeimmMmtmimemiaaata im***a^^^™***-
—III- ■'■■ H.I.IM1 .ii.l. .1.1. I ir i ii. ■■»_■■ in       | I    _    .1,1 i       . ,,,,, f   j   ,       ,, f    | 11 _. ,      ..
:)- .
t*      *r - »
,    1.^,*,-.*   .    --^W-     ^*lMlW-^._> («"»*-W^I
i ■*mWft'lr%£..


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