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The District Ledger May 27, 1911

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-/.Industrial Unity is;'Strength^
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•^-7**i7,A7^^ No.'.18.U. M. W; of A. / *
■:/;';{y-oi,i^rNoffity^ ^-7;::,/?t^-^/./M^VJv;^ w.- :The-,pistbiot,ledger, fernie,/b.cmay^t,mi
$1.00 A TEAR
K
CimNOEIN
THMSTTUATION
■■>v
V,
," -On Thursday of the present week the
"entire 'Executive*, Board of • District ,18
assembled In; Fernie together ..with In-
' -    _    '  ' 1    ,     ,,r.-,
•-.. .teraiational.".Board   Members .", Garner
. 'and'Diamond for'the.purpose of dis-
-■ ■. ..    *•,-"'.      ,,--.'■-     • ■ * * ■*. , ,i
. .'cussing all matters in-connection with
,  'the commissary and it is determined to
',*- establish*-"^/_ulckly; as possible-'additional aU-.es in .all the .camps affected
,   so that.' in, the*'very' near future all
-. *  . .      -, - *   '.*--. -' -    fi -**-.
supplies.* will-. be\issued  by,.'officials
-.,'conn.e-ted^wlth. 'the ,Miner__'o Organ-
7, ization"//,r V'_"  <% ''    -{< .^'i_.'/;,v-;
*'■:•" '-. President J. P. White,and-Vice-Pres.-
: F. J. Hayes/haying been "unavoidably
. detained'in'the PennBylvanfif!' *strlke
, region we cannot statejdefInitely wheu
! /either, the one; or' the ,other;-/or; pev-
-  haps ,;both,-may reach this/field,' but
* it is expected thaCth© date'of arrival
* can be annovmcedUn.the near future.
.   .. The,exact date^when.*the-.Board of
,*■   -n -,   •    »*■" v   ■...■.<■--*-'   -
, Investigation will .resume-its. delibera-
-,-'..'     .--'*.   i/,-.-',-1.' ...v " '   "       '
tions is not known:at.th(}' present wrlt-
.   •,        - *' -,..,.-,..,;/ ,v,,» *.•' .   > ,
- ing-but probablyt,about the.-middle of
-     "      -''i\\   - V.'  "'-    •;".:'   '    "■?*     '?'.-      ■    ',
next week.", .-•,,i.*'7'-.;_■.;" /     ■   •'
* . We had expected to have been in'a
position to/giye/accurafe'. information*
-', on-this'subject .^"before"going to press
but, the? reply if rom Chairman Gordon
is _ not yet to Hand.  /', '**/;     " V,.1
7 " "Several cases havebeen/reported of
T~md_vtduais .-gcelw'nir^^^
Miners'. Commissariat under false pre*
;.tences. ... A thorough investigation will
' be, made-*and .it/the parties be^tound
. .guii.ty ithey-vWill be.;dealt wJtV/ac'co^d-
-'-»',-    •'   *■.,    -,.•'- .f.--'-^'- *- ■   .*-.   -*.
f   inelv.   .      -      .   ■       --    ,■-■•..,
" The.WefiUrn^Cpal/Operatorp hel^^.a
• meeting at Frank, thiB;,week." ■'- . -,' -_
LOW WAGES CAUSE   ] -      ;  ,,-, -*.
CRIME,   SAYS 'JUDGE
O'Sullivan.Finds,Men  P*-efervto.Rob
..<// Rather   thafn* be. Robbed-    .}-
BOUNDARY, CO-TEM.  ON     . I "
jW COAL SITUATION
\
. The latest report- from ■ Bast Kootonay and Alberta are, not by any .means
Indicative * of an early/ settlement- of
the dispute between the, coal operators and the .miners.,/- C; W; Gordon,
chairman of the conciliation board,' is
pessimistic regarding the, aspect of
settlement.'   The board, lie say*., could
.' havo patched up a temporary agree-
ment, but that had been dono boforo,
' and whnt was ' wanted was a settle-
■inentthat would last somo years. T,he
hoard hnd adjourned without arriving;
at a basis of ■ settlement, hut the enquiry'will be resumed ln three weeks
nnd continued until tho mon return, to
work.. -Thero appears to bo nothing
that can be dono at presont to hasten
nn agreement between the mon and
the oporntors. , It is a pity, though,
thnt nn Industry capablo of jjuapondlng
■operations-in thb mlnos and smelters
of tho entire provlnco should ho undor
tho control b! a fow prlvnto indlvldunlH.
lt Is this OBpect of the enso thpt supplies lho people who fnvor public ow.
no-rahlp of conl mlnoB with, arguments.
To tills oxtont tho pooplo of tho pro
vinco nro rapidly becoming Rocjnllstlc.
White tho Btrlko will throw thousands
of workmen ln thin district out of omploymont, vory fow of thom Wnmo tho
conl miners for tliolr onforcod Idleness.
Tho tendency,Is rntl*ior to sympathise
with tho men now on striko In tliolr
struggle for hotter wngon nnd more
modern appliances In the mlnes.--Bvon
Ing Sun, Grand Forks,
. ,.VA_ Daniel/has.come to Judgment!'-'
.'_ k'-judge/ a"'real one, .T.tiomas7G.
O'Sullivan, of the Court of General Ses:
sions. says crime' is increasing because
of the poqr'wagfes paid to" persons who
work. .. i / " -, 7 -* -'.,.* -' *" --""' '*■
' He, says also that there might be
less crime if the streets in-the poorer,
sections of'town, were as well lighted
as Fifth Avenue is.-,' j»;', *.' *■'■_''; * ■"
."How can the increase. -ot- crime
among, young men be accounted for?"
the Judge'was.asked. - 'That is a^difficult, perplexing question," lie replied
'There are several-ways of looking at
"the problem.,'"' I doubt if the full responsibility for the-conditions,are as
yet determined.   V'7".-    "'       '"-  /'
"In most instances the young.men
caught in the net- are the sons of respectable and hard-working '.parents.
"The majority, of. ?the prisoners have
had somewha*t-more, than the average
working boy's education.'1" The "juries,
therspectators, in .ttiev court/room, the
judges, on the • bench, all * have. been
struck-^by their well dressed', appearance and their general .air ..of .having
led comfortable lives."; y.: \ .'_■ J ;"-
7 "I have '.talked _ wUty'/tJie'-parents of
■manyjof^thew(Stybuii'S~offettder3j-and^I'
have been told ''that,- as a rule, the
prisoners naver attended school until
,they-were sixteen or seventeen.' Very
tew^ot^tjiem.- n^ark' you,".' have .'ever*
.worked - sjeadilv at any. occupation
With Dut one or' two exceptions, they
nevef* - have' 'iihdertake_!- tiy .'lca'rh *i 'a'
'trsde,'"--v,'r' ;' •'" " ''-'yJ.^J ' '
■ "An'.eveti* more surprising, thing/to
me is the great number of young burglars'and thieves who come'to our
courts from the Bronx. In thosVcases,
too, they appear to belong to respectable families. , ' ' v" '
.- "I do not think this conditions Ib
confined to.New-York City. •/ It is a
sign of the times!'*., /, '■ ;■
' "Labor, tb my mind, is riot getting
a propor return. , Prices for nil commodities have;gono up while wages
hnvo remained", practically stationary.*
In consequence families cannot command now the contorts thoy are UBed
to. ThUB wo got tho present tendency
ot tho peoplo to live beyond their
monns, nnd to thin In Joined 'the foolish tondoncy'of so many parents .to
spoil thoir, children.' .Tho oc'onomlc
condition ,of higher cost of living
should bo corrected.
"No doubt tho tendency ori, tho part
young mon to shun manual labor nnd
the trades Is duo lo a roaliuatlon of
tlio inadequacy of tho wngos In those
occupations.'
1 Judge O'Sulllvnn spoko of tho dark
plncos In Now York whoro crime
flourishes.
"Violent crimes," ho snld, "are
mostly dono at night, Fifth nvonuo,
which Is brilliantly llghtod Is the Hcene
of fow crimes. Bo It would bo, I b,o*
llovb, with the othor streets If thoy
were brilliantly lighted. We spend
millions, on prisons and their admin*
Istrntlon, Why not spend monoy on
light! In Now York thoro should bo
llll.it everywhere by njght ns well im
l>y dny, especially In tho congested and
river front districts, whoro the conditions of existence are hnrd and bitter,"
. There was a-gathering of the ball-
tossers on the 24th at Elko witli goodly crowds of-their respective1 supporters in'attendance.   .       '-'-,' 7    ',
The first game was called at 'll.aO
between New Michel and Waldo., This
certainly was an even matched struggle, and it was orily'lh* the 10th innings* In consequence .of* an ..overthrow
by Hurst that MicheTsecured the lead
of'the one run that made them,the
winners.. New-Michel, .1; Waldo; 0.
:' The second game,' between Wardner
and' Fernie was called at. 2.30,' showed
ln.the.,early-Btage-of the.game that
Wardner . had . the better, balanced
team, although with more practice and
better team work that Fernie would
give them'a hard run for their money.
/The score was 15-^-9 in favor of Wardner.-' * -.•■"'■' A'.' * "-'."*
.In* the final game between New Mlc-
tiel/aiid* Wardner, the, latter secured
a lead bf 3 in the first innings, which
they held for 3 innings, when New Michel equalized'^ and' led until the finish
with decidedly the best-of the game
to Jheir credit/ ■ The game ended
16—6 ih favor of New Michel, and
jubilation broke forth.
To .W.'A. Ingram,' Treas., Fernie In-',
.■* termediate, Baseball', Team:
.' Dear" Sir,—We,--on behalf   of   the
''Never Wasser' Baseball    Team   , do
challenge-the. Fernie -Intermediates to
ari ' exhibition baseball game* on the
recreation.grounds,Sunday,* May 28th,
191.1,  at 2.30, ..p.m_ - We  request that
Jam'es^ Mitchell'-be designated as,, umpire \ - '" '.  J' J '.       ' - 7  . ..
''>.   ' "(Signed)'-L'/'-E./'KENNEDY,'- -
- .7      -W.-H; DUTHIR,
To L'. E. Kenriedy'arid' W. E. Duthie:
'-Dear Sirs,—-Your challenge of the
25th inst, noted. I. on behalf o_ the
Fernie-Intermediate Baseball Team do
accept same! .'Your request,re„;James
Mitchell 'aj'.umpjre is ^agreed ,^to.:.//-. S
■'>;■■' : (Signed,W.-A*.-INGRAM.- -"■
RELIEF    DISTRIBUTION
Orders' will  be  Issued  for
the third supply at Coal Creek *
on Monday, and'at Fernie on
-Tuesday,     Wednesday     and
Thursday. .*;-   , ~ ■
- Store will be/, opened .for
one week only./;*' .-■*.• 7 7
.' ■ D. REES,. Secretary.
.   ,"       -   -     .-/'v., . ,.   .,    ,
$25,000,000 TO PROMOTE*PEACE.
Hardie   thinks   that - British   Govern-
; „ment Should Expend1 Big Sum.
Telegraphic reports of all games of
the Northwestern League are received
dally and bulletined at W. A. Ingram's
Club  Cigar Store.    ''     . •
R. H. M.
Vancouver ..*..,    2 '6, 1,
Spokane'.. r .'' ....•' '4   9 "'2
•«- Batteries:*_ricksbn, Ras'mussen and
Lewis; Willis and Netzel/      ,       « '
. •-. /      R. H. M.'
Victoria .'.,.--. '..'. '!...'   7^8 '9
Portland ..; ll'io   4
Batteries: Parks, Brown nnd De-
volgt; * Tonneson nnd Harris.
R. 11. M.
Seattle.. .-...'    7   7   2
Tacomn    2   6 .3
. .Batteries: Skccla nnd Shcn; ' Sch-
mutzs and Burns.
-London, May 20.—Keir Hardie wants
the.English government to spend last
year's treasury surplu. of about $25,-
000,000.- on.the promotion of universal
peace.-  ,. j       -" -',     * -, ,        *•
* Chancellor of* tlie Exchequer, Lloyd
George's plan is to_ devote it to a
broadening of the old-age pension/system, to improvement of .the labor exchanges and .to other sociological experiments. Hardie argues that no sociological * - experiments, will dp the
masses more', good, than making war
impossible." /". ,''■,,■
''Big War Expend jture-
If .England's current* year's expenditure'/were divided up amongst the
people,, Hardie, points-out, It would
give an increased wage of $1 weekly
to each ; man, woman and child'- iri
Great Britain.'  •'" '   th ■ ''".7.'
.' For a country, wherd a more of less
skilled workman's wage does* not,cj*;-
ceed $7.50 weekly,'Hardie thinks"'this
extra ?1 would-be/a pretty, substantial
inerease_~*He*addS"*that""the"more-this
expenditure igrbws the, harder it will
be to get social reform.": ,-■■•■■,/
*. Hard to Convince Chancellor,
Hardie te insisting on*hia plan.In a
series* .of": 'speeche^ bub'* ttiuB; far * he
does" not- seem - to • have1, made'i any im-1
presslon on the. chancellor. ■
■ * (Ed.—Keir Hardie, like many other
speakers and writers falls Into the com
mon error, of surmising that if-certain
sums at present appropriated for military; purposes were not so expended
then the working class would derive
the benefits therefrom. - < However plausible .this. -may. seem-:*superficially, it
does;not so work out and.the/bbtter
plan is to. point: out- to-.the workers
that tho real objeot of armies and navies lB'-tf> opon,-up mnrkets for the
stile, of surplus production arid If this
surplus production cannot be disposed
of then the Intensity ot unemployment
must necessarily become moro marked and hence It Ib of far moro importance to InBtruct tho working , cIbbs
how to,absorb tho products of Industry by eliminating the factors thnt,
cronto surplus vnluo, In othor words,
say the abolition of thc profit system.)
Monday, evening, about 7.40, the fire
i
bell rang when the brigade made, an exceptionally flue turn-out, .which' was
particularly noticeable because of the
heavy .state of the'roads owing to the
bad weather .that has prevailed.
, Fortunately no serious damage was
done and the incipient,blaze caused
by some smouldering paper " in the
drug store of H. McLean was extinguished by .the chemical,,without necesv,
sity of water being turned on.
The alarm'was-.correctly'given on
the first call, but, owing t'6 too much
vibration .there is soriiething out of
order when j it comes, to repeat. - "..
, We understand that the department
has sent to,Seattle .or an. expert to
come and rectify the derangement..
, AVVISO
CITY FATHERS
THE BUSY ONES
.-A Coleman sono ayvenuti due casi
poco prudentl;    Sotto falsi pretesi due
individiii   cercarono  con  raggiri  rac-
**- . , ->   . ,
campoleschi per, avere il sussidio della
organizaziorie 'figurantes! come membri
attivi della sudetta locale, adulterante
la listaodi' paga' (Statement). AUa
richlesta dl presentare - una Idonelta
uno dei due per nome Andrew Habdah,
fece uso illegale del nome di suo figlio
per avere la percepizione del sussidio
appaftenente a membri attivi. j.
• L'altro per nome Sam.Rednar, es-
sendo stato' richiestd a presentare una
Idoneita per vedere se si trovava ln
corrente con il pagamento mensile della oi-gariizazione; questi porto Una lista'
=(statement;*"di.=due"anni-"ia=con=ia=uata""
Marzo 1909, nonquale-1911.-^Costoro
furono' presentati davantl al , Giudlci
Morrison e DIsney.quale.il condanno a
25"dollarl per uno e le.spese. ;. /7
.* ftu'este' pratiche i poco^ convenient!
banno"*determinate- l'organizaslone a
prenderei severe' mlsure'.per prevenire
che. dette rnariipulazlonl non abblanp
a.ripetersl, qualora che ulterior! casi
accadono saranno deferltl come sopra.
- On Saturday last there was a hurry-
up call of the Cily fathers and at
2.30 there was a goodly number of
alderman '(the only absentee was J.
Podbielsncik) and representative citizens in the Council Chamber. Mayor
Bleasdell informed those present that
the purpose ot the "meeting was to
discuss question/that had been raised
relative to thcainount to be,charged
to Barnes' Circus'for Ub one day stand
here and that it was-not by* any means
to be taken"-'a"s a reflection upon the
City-Clerk who had granted license for
$20 as per. the charge made on a previous occasion, but to ascertain the opinions of the ratepaj-ers'in the matter,
inasmuch "as this was. for a'one day-
stand and not for a week's continuous
performance as was the previous sojourn of this animal show last year.
Mr. W. S. Lane, of Ross, Larie and
McDonald,' spoke on -the legal aspect
of the" matter and cited the by-law and
gave an .interpretation ' thereon, but
in order that no mistaken Impression
might be created that the sum in question be taken as a precedent; suggest*
ed the advisability of so informing'the
circus*" authorities. Motion was passed accordingly that the* City Clerk be
instructed to notify Mr. Barnes. Messrs
Gates, Barclay,'Cree, Pollock and.others spoke in", favor of allowing this circus to give its performance at the'fee
stipulated and lt..\vas.',decided accordingly. ."   , "*'' ..
UPOZARNENIA
Dva Vas sa-Btalo v Coleman nednvno
dostaly t'ovar skrivodllvo tlkajuel sa
podpriri aa spalku udov.
JTotyalovek podmenom XndreJHa-
bdali' upo'trobll crepavo meno*" svojbo
slna abi dostal podparu al lny Snrii
Bed'nar bol.pltany nbl pokainl statement cl platll do Jeduoll on prlnleuol
statomont za marefi nesknroj sa dns
malo bo toton statomont bol sroku
1909 nie z roku 1011. Toty dvaja boll
fukelolky Jednolu kiiBdlelu.
• Tnkleto nespravnlo pqzladovkl budu
prednnslodovnnio skros Jednolu v plujc
ceno, Pozor dojo nbl stnto tnsko no-
zaplately.      . .       .
company is first* class in all respects"
and .a,,beautiful scenic production 4s
carried, y      '' .-- , .       *■
,"Th© Barrier" has for its plot the '
story of a hunted man whose daughter'
has" staked a claim which turns out
rich and relates.the attempt.to steal
it from her.   .'The intervention in her ■
behalf of the United States-Is in the
person  of a  handsorhe ' cap&ln, who
eventually'woos.and marries her., The
story in the telling is one of,the most
strongly dramatic that has been staged"
in the past decade. ■ ' "''     7   - '
"ISLE   OF    SPICE."
'••        &--.  "_'
7 One  of,,the- bright "special hits'.in
_.'. C. Whitney's big musical "extrava-
•ganza,   the   "Isle   qf   Spice"   Is   'The
Goo Goo man," sung by the   leading
'comedian' of the organization and a '
dozen pretty girls.     It is- a' pleasing '
and .topical song, and hitos iri timely
fashion .'many people'iri/this'ctty, "arid
ra„ter Mr. Woolsley has surig-a verse
all the girls execute,a-dance-which for
'sheer life and vim'has probably never
been equalled ahywehere. j*-*-The girls
not, only da/nee .as thougli they were
well (,trained,, but as ^though-, they "en-
Joyed every minute, of!.it,,and perhaps ,
it is this that makes the audience .'demand from ten to twenty encores every '
performance.   ■ ' Whatever it iB;'<",The *
Goo Goo Man".,does,make,'a-,hit;/'the
happy  coriibln&tion .of;'.funny .vetses;
pretty-girls, lively."dancing-and'eateby
Explosion Killed Four
HIBBING, Minn., Mny 25—Pour mon
woro Mown to piece* In BolUr** n_l.no,
. ir       1     <r   '  f- . I rt-rtfs/svi TIlA       _l^n*^       A.
/W'M'.'V**'-**'*'^ ir*r»»r-f-..    " -'
Mil- aajjj xvi)}} hurled r.O fort, Thr-
mon were placing a charge of i-owder
•nlien It Trent oft p^mal-art!**-**.
x AC.WrtMr.
In tho oponlng jsamo, on Victoria
Dny, the Wat league Vancouver played W«stnjin»ter to a sUndatlll, the
score being I—0 at the call of time la
fnvor ot iho flnlmon IXoiUee. The
ffsme wa» full ef ginger. Vancouver
o'rtilllng nt almoHt *>vpry point, while
the vlcton resorted lo roti«_ Iioubo
t*xc:!e*r. a ^cd way to Ull the sport.
C:vcrtl ncit *;e ia ihe bo:*pltal,
I'.otLty U'-evJe *uf:.rlr-s Uota emveus-
:!«r. *.t «_? lr»l«. r!f*._*_5 th-ottMnd
ft-.i-*!/* tv thi* *»r*m-».
Merging of Lumbering
Interests Gigantic
 *  [
r
The Two Big Fernie Companies Not in the
i -
Not in the Deal-Future Plans
Are Made Known
■ A meeting. was_vheld.on^Thursday
night, Mayor* Bleasdell occupying, his
official station.' - -Absentees, Aldermen
Wallace and Podblelancik.
' The reslgnaUqi*. of Fire .Chief McDougall came up for disposition, and
ordered, to be tabled "for,.the'present.
.' In the matter of the Fire Depart*,
ment, the Fire, Water and -Light Committee stated that they preferred to
leave the discussion to the open council. Alderman Robertson thought that
10 paid men sufficient, on the perma-
ment, staff;'that iill employed should
sleep on the premises. - Tho Fire
Chief concurred, but thought It Advisable that In a case of emergency he
should be permitted' to obtain volunteers". Fire Department will consist
herenfter of 10 men, chief and assistant, driver nnd soven men, arid nil to
sleep on tho, premises.   .
Supt. R. Hammond is taking'Engineer Finn's slilft temporarily,
Upon suggestion of City Clerk Bnr-
clny it wns decided to got a correct
list of property holders from the Registrar nt. Nolson.
Thoro Is n vnenncy for n dog ent-
chcr. *
"THE BARRIER' HERE NEXT
AN INCIDENT OF THE EXPLOSION
Paddy Doyle, a typical Celt, and one
whom the old tuners win tutuimiuar
iitxi iiUiniA. lie' eltlll an iim* Saltii.]
S2ni ot May and wan on his way to
tho •stabl* «.tu. !.(» four footed companion, n bin Missouri mule, when bo
wa» aaked to go on for a half nhlft
tiAll'A,,     kiitt "Mmi-n MimWc notXi-^r, *>-J*v*
tlom and aa tho driver wa« using con-
aldorabla poreimslon to compel the refractory brute to go to work. Charlen
Slmliter neelng the -struggle aald:
■•■WhaU' the matter, Paddy?" to whloh
■.Ji. Irlnhman n»pHM: "Wa hava
workod h full shift and tbe mule thinks
"hft's bed onnntth and doimn't wnm to
put In ti halt Hhitt txita. TJjo old
t-rc.s has more neneo than t have,
anyway.'" Finally the atubhorn onf-
mid waa forced tnto the mine and that
**.»# «fc_r ta.** tUft, at *■"*•*•»*» w*t*
k.'llrif fr» Ihe esplMt-Mt.
FURTHER DETAILS OF THAT
$20,000,000 B. C. LUMBER
MERGER ARE LEAKING OUT
Eleven Mills are Believed to have Accepted the Meroer's Terms—Other
Mills Refuee le Enter Under any
Consideration—Well Known Caloar-
lan 8ald to be Prime Mnver in the
Scheme,
iv thf, MRRnrcrt
V.nnX  Koot  .my Mltta   ,.,      ,  ( *S    '
Rock Crrfck Mills   2
King Mills   2
Star Mills    3
('MAY HE IN M ERO Eli
_.*<...V.     Ji.lUWi    , ,         i.
Standard MIIU      2
Although there Is a delay In Iho
forming of the big $20,000,000 lumber
merger announced In Bntur.'ayV N'cwb
Telegram, more particulars are leak*
In*? ont -»v*»ry dny att *m th«» ivor'rfff?'
of the Knullsh capitalists wh. are <"n-fauthority thnt so far they have with-
dMvnrni<r tn form tbo bnttt, wmMit-1,. -'"nd nil tfntpintlnn    It In nintod it1"0
ilml ihe Cmwn LninU-r Company and
King Mills iind John Hanbury of tho
Slur Mills. The King mills nro locntod In tho neighborhood of Crnnbrook,
with lieiiilqimrtors nt thnt town, wlillo
tho Htnr mills nre located at Elko,
I lap bury and Cranbrook.
A well-known Cnlgnry mail, whoso
nnmo Is wit held, until Uio deal approaches friirtlflcntlnn moro nearly, Is
tho prime mover In the merger, and Is
iieuotlntlnir, It Ik stated, wllh anv-r-rnl
othor concern).. It Is known thnt tho
tlulM-i' peoplo wt-re appronche<i in
March wiih n certain proposition io
MrH cut lo the -romblne, and that tliey
(loclliK'd then, tilm-ft then lliolr mi min
may havo lior-n /-liangcid, hut It rouhl
not bv fi*x-"('rlii)ii('i] in-day wlit'thfr ihey
hnd derided to go into*the mammoth
orgnnlxntlon er not.
Investigations Refused
t
Thc Kifiriilnnl mills have also been
"nnltod l»" hut It Is afnt_ rf on trooil
l'etor MoLaren holding!) show that this
concorn is not In the inorifor, and tho
suggestion to that effect mndo In yos-
torilny's New's Tolegrnm Is conso-
Qiumtly erroneous. Tlu* en tiro lumber
l-iiRlnofls of Honntor MrLnron in Alberta has been sold to A. J, I'ciipon,
of Toronto, nt a prlro In excess of
1500,000. Tho mills nt Hlnlrmoro
stamllng timber and the McLaren lumber ynnls at McLeod, Lothbrldgo, nml
oltir-wh-r-ro nre Included In tlio trans*
t'lUiin. .Mr. i'euuun, who H dch-jv.a
now to be more tlmn the nominal pur-
ch.'iiscr, Is president of the Standard
Clii'inlinl,Company and Is rated us a
millionaire.
New Mill at Maeleod
A new mill will bo built nt Mac-
It-oil. on tho Old Man Hlver, And this
mill will hnndle the logs flotit-r-d down
the North Fork, where'some 30.oM».000
feet of lumber Is standing. i. D
fiut!if-rlnnd will remain In eharge of
(he mew eourern, an mfth»*•'-*•"■ ef *H
tin* property In Alberta.
tt tniuht l>« nddftil that non.*- of tho
Rex Bench's mnsterpieco, "The Rnr-
rler,' will ho present ed nt. tho Ornnd
Tlieatro next Frldny, Juno 2nd, hy rin
excellent company of onstem plnyors..
Tho stngo version of tho book ranks
ns thn mnsl nrrurnte opponent of lifo
Iri Alnska ever presented on tho Amerlcnn stngo, It in n piny with tho
«c«t of life, tho rigor of tlio gnmo, tho
reckless daring of tho ndvontnrcr, nnd
hus a rich vein of humor running
through It nil, This Ib the first' twite-
eontlnontnl tour of "Tho Hnrrlor,' nnd
It comos horo direct from n yonr'ii run
nl tho Now Amntordnm ThVntr*. Now
York City, MIrb Helen nnrltntn. n
well known eastern nctross, hns been
npoclnlly ongngud to play tho uliimi-
ctnr of "Necln,' nnd that sterlltiK favorite, Norvnl Mnctlregor, will ho mepti
music ^ertainlyTtouches jthe, popular ~ *
fajicy. , Hence the song gets an'Jiver- '
age* Of fifteen encores "at' each perfor**., -
'mance. ■ , "*'-.". y J,
■ It's not light work for. the .little girf- '
to'go" on and* repeat Biich' a wild, .whirl-J-
^wind' d*rice; as this-for fifteea/tliries,'
although tliey'do*',enJoy. _£JBtxl-H'-iB .
'otten.exhau-Btlng,  and Mr, Whitney,
the*owners of. the production,* appreciating this fact, haB a unique, inno'va- ,
tion to make the work llghtor.'   ■ Al
though   but   tweive  girl,   appear ln
the song, sixteen dress In the cute little costumes every performance.'" For
the first verse twelve' go on, the other
four,-; remnlning In the wings out of
sight'-,of "tho audience, "   On tho third
'or,fourth oncoro, when tho twelyo lit.
tie girls run off the stage, In obedience to tiie singer's instructions, ^ho
stage manager begins td tako particular notice of the nppoarnnco of ench
girl.    If nny seem to be tired they nro
told to-Bit down nnd rost, while some
of tho four oxtrn girls take their plnces
Ench encoro flndB ono or moro new
girls in tlio song, ftltrfough tho audience Ih not nwnro of thin,
It Is n significant fnct, howovor, thnt
novor slnco tho song has beon sung
hns nny girl voluntarily dropped out,
There la something so Invigorating
about tito dance that' no .matter how
tired they become It Is nlwnys enjoy-1
nblo.' -Ah a mnttor of fact lt Is not
nn Infronuont. occurrence whui tho
nudlonco Is more thnn usunlly appreciative for somo of tho little glrlB to
nctnnlly cry when the stngo ninnnger
hns ordered thom out to take n rest,
Thoro Ib n positive competition among
tho girls for a plnco In the first twelve,
nnd tho four extrn oncR nro nlwnys
unhappy until they get n rhnnro to
go tho stngo.—Ixitlibrldgo Herald,
. At tho Ornml Thentro Wednesday,
May 31st,
Imllntlon Is lhe ulnr-orcM form of
flattery." "A word to the wlso Is suf.
flcont." John fiorlo of thn tlio Free
1'reBn stnff hns ftone homo to Arm*
■Mrnnjr >o ntteml his younger brother's
nit Captain Hurroll.     The siipiioriing, wedding.
Will Settle the Strike
. »»w   lUnii   oiiiirxt-. Or
•V.  6.   .SHNthti  MAY  Ub
SETTLED THIS  WEEK
IStavt-n mills tro b*li_vt^t to dttc >•--
have acrcpted the ttrc** of the mer- the Hcwman   mills   are   net   in   the
t<T*i agents, the four East Kooiti;-.*y)m-**r»;t*r,  although It la Ullevcd that
mills, the two Hoc*. Creek mills. ih<*|n-naln propmltlcns have la-en put np|lui.iher mills In Fernie and dutritt are
two Klsg Mills tubi tbe «fcr«* Star'■•■<! xbeta. \*,tu*xt*l by nbe mttttr, tm 1:r ** ***
mills.     J. B, %Tlnp* In mnnu .-"r nf fh*'    ^irfher dotnll* of th* aal.   nf fh*«f r.-vn  lonrn.
mail ot M. ._ni*.iuvl » iron iiiiiit-,i nt
t-iiKniuKUHi, lum iiuikis (umi -.van*.-
lutun, in v.li!( h only *_;!' men Ht-ro
••Torking r\t ?!,e time of tin? outbreak
und all of them- num worn resciiod lift-
ur .spetnliiiK the uhule iiIkIU bobiw Ih"
lure iti**-*. W'K- i-Mni'tH'ii irom ilieir
dlsngr-'cnblc' poHltlon,
Olio of tlw reninrltnble eolnc-ldenrcs
ln connection with (IiIh foriutinte nc-
eldcnt wns the fnn that it took plnee
on tho nnnivoronry of the terrible eat*
•-..'•.t'OlIu. .it tl.t* V.'.!l.t\_.'.o'.. Ht, and
the night of the omirrenre the Hiibject
V,'J.'A UUtlt,! d(..i.U»AiuU U\ Div Iin ill ioUU<
 —. it'll ehambcrs. and when the aldermen,,
We li am today that the report from'wm'   •N»K«««»allnB   themselves   on
| the hnppy fro-Mom from serious nccl-
'/dent Prlsulnpton had enjoyed tho now*
The -.port j Mcimj ,?„.„, ,.j ,ju. tite ^ gti Msr,
e of tho, pff   gnt-cta.
HALIFAX, Mny 2...—A bnsls for sot
r1r>ni01tT    flf   tllll   *B*n|.|n(.Til11    nr,;i    ml,. ......
Htiila*. which bus Itccn In ptogrcKf twoj
years ncarly^ls bellcvt.il to have Ix-en;
readied.    It is tnulcrstood tho offlclnl
unnount-enu-iit of tho -toiupromiso will
he made this week.
MINE    ACCIDENT    NEAR   WHITE
HAVEN WITHOUT TATALITICS
Whlfehsv-»n thnr c> miners hnd been!
entomb**/*-. |« lii*»*rr.ir-»»^
wn* rnti*f<i, by tho hurnfn-j
Af ~W&:
'\ ■'
•-&y .-h***-.
* Zxryjy? -'':.--
f»AtS  TWO
■ rt.-.-py.niy.
S.- '  ^r *
HSBSM
>:-i*.*,V"-^. *,
*7*v«-v7 ' ~y . -•"'"-_,'' ".;.',v 7"-.~f;,'"*-, v ■*i*-".7*.7';'>iT''_ ^ 7**7*_." .*.-, *:, ~)rr--yi-; 7a'"Jl
7"*.,7'7'.~   ',-- '^"' '"_.. "jr'..'$: ". --yy-K.f'jy[.i..- •*. .v     ... _-v.- .7*-*'"^-.v7 ■ y-l
TM 'DMTRICT LUDCtEB, RKSXI,   B. C;. MAY 37, ltll
'AT IT, HERE SITUS 1900V
you work:,
MM MR MONEY
W0BKT00. \
pb . PEPOsrrin& vour . hvirw
WITH US THEY Will- 6iRfJ J
4% INTEREST WHICH
WECR-WTMOflTHCy :
ririprionEfisRET_R!i-
rtBlEONDEMflflP
_S QUICKLYrtSTHEMfllLS
Cfiti CARRY JT. •
PEOPLE JUST .JSG/IREFUL
MP GflUTI0lJ5.4S
MUCIN BE,
/1RB WEI* PLEASED,
/IND THORDUGHLy,
SATISFIED,
WTHTWEW.y_W.MH
OUR BU-INESS IS  >
TRrti.MtTED-fl8-ySI-.ESS  ,
MflfM&EP By PEOPLE OF
MATURED EMM ^
*WfiHE3T.inTC_R!7X
/.'P05T/IL,6IVJnG
yOUR H1ME OPPRESS ,
• WH-PRONPTU/BRirifiyu.
..fUlUflfDRPVITION."..
'-WRITE T«
sHoiiLP'yo.MVErti.y
.PINflNGMb BUSINESS IH
VANCOUVER "WIMP.
RENTS TO COltECT,
•1GREEMENT5F0R&1LE-'
MORTGfl&ESTOISOh/lrTER
AW COI.EGT,
FIREIH5l)RflnGET0PMGE,
LET US ATTEND TO It
W ARE PL£fl5inO   ,
OTHERS \*_ Wili* BE SURE
to please you;
321 Camble/Street,
I/Vltaf 4re
ypv Worth
Ftom the
tlL
Itlscstlmntedtliat
, the nvcrncoman It
-worth 12 n day from
the neck tbu/n—whnt
la lie -worth irom the
neck upf
That depends entirely upon tralnlnjr.
If you aro trained go
that you Plan and
direct work you nro
wortii ten times al
much ns tho mnn
who can -work only
under orders.
The Inlimitlonil
Ci-risgo-idin.. School*
iro to tho man who li "
strucellnsr nlonir on
■mall pay and say to
him, ''We will trnln
you for promotion
rleht whero you nro,
or we will (..mllly
you to take up a
more conrrcnlnl lino
ot work nt n much
hlBher snlnry,"
ftvery month uov-
*ral,hundred ttu-
donti voluntarily
report rulvimcamont
ai the direct result
ol I.Cfi, irnlnlnir.
You nood not leave
yaur pre-tcnt work,
Of your own linmo,
Hark thli coupon tt
one* and mill It.
M.
VHS
■••*'**
■*___■ '
• INTEBNATIONAL CORRESPONDENCE SCIIOOIS
J     " Box 701), Scrinlon, t'a, %
* l-Uiil • .plain,  wllhtiul  liitlliur iil,|l*_ii|iin »n my
^       ptili liuw I can r|iimi|y In. ■ la,y>, anUiy mul
iJnnoriii.nl  la (lit imilili.n  Uluia
wh I cli  I  luve mukril X,
Ad Wilt..
».. hlliolwil Onllimifi
IfiiwOii* WrIUr
llrupliffiil Rngtniir
Whilom ti|-iini.
•tru. lu'ilDr.flin.in
Olill lltvl.l (umi,
Oii.im.nnl Dflijnt.
' Mutiinlq.l (tiglmif
Olvll Er-Qlf-tir
Mt>hinl.ll Oitllimir*
Ft, Fl, C_nil._.ll.1 ling.
r.nnun Ml_h.li.lil
Kl.tl.lo.l Cr.gl.__r
Mlnlno .ttulftlff
ditmlil
111.Iri.Iir,
l'««lr,Billion tup.,
(limb, mm*                  i
lltnogr_p*iir
(.i.tiltill
• Kern* ____
♦ Strttf ami A'tf,.
> CY _■■..'
.SMtm
• *•*'************,*.,*******
FORMER FERNIEITES
BOOSTING NEW COAL
FIELDS IN THE NORTH
PROSPECT COAL AREAS
IN JASPER  PARK FOR
"    EASTERN CAPITALISTS
Two Prominent Mining Engineers to
Leave City this week with Party of
Thirty to Take up Work Commenced
Last Summer—Both Engineer's were
Connected with the Opening up of
the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Areas—
Steam and Coking Coal In the Park.
, James McEvoy, of Toronto, and R.
G.Drlnnau, of Vancouver, arrived in
Edmonton recently ^and are now -"fathering together a party for a summer's
work in the coal areas of Jasper Park
near* Brule Lako. , Mr. McEvoy was
for many years with the Geological!
Survey branch of the Dominion" Government, and twelve or thirteen years
ago made the first geological survey
*. *
through Jasper Pass.     He later jb'tu-
ed  the  Crow's  Nest- Pass   Coal  Co.
with which Mr Driririan was associated
for a number of years as chief engin-
\' ■>'
eer.     They are now both acting as
- -   : -, -
the representatives of Toronto capitalists interested in the development cf
Jasper Park coal areas.
Messrs. McEvoy arid Drinnan will
leave the city this week for Jasper
Park with a party of thirty men and
will be engaged in - prospecting, work
for at least three months. Last summer they had a party working in Jasper Park for five months, and located
a claim near Brule Lake, ten miles
*- ,> •
east of the Jasper collieries. This
season they will prospect for the best
ways .of opening up their claims.
, "There, are not any extensive coal
areas in Jasper Park." .said Mr Drinnan to the Bulletin recently, in speaking of the claims which he located
last summer. . The coal is of a good
quality,, however.. " It seems to be a
continuation of the'coal of-the Brazeau region.'- We found an outcropping at the surface of excellent steam
and-coking-coal. , ' '.',7.   . .  )	
Mr Drinnan.experienced considerable
"difficulty last year in getting his'party
into.the,Jasper Park from Edmonton
as the terminal of the steel, was then
at, Wolf tCreek, but -will b& able 'to
travel - this year as far as, the Athabasca-River by rail to a point within
a few miles'of the entrance to the
park.
Messrs. Drlnnan and McEvoy are
guests at the Yale Hotel.—Edmonton
Bulletin.
STRIKE WILL TIE UP
BUILDING IN VANCOUVER
■- VANCOUVER, May 23.—The Build-
ing. Trades Council has threatened to
call a general .trike of all its members
of the various trades_ unless the faster Builders' Association grants the
demand of the carpenters for an- increase by June 5.      '-   '       *-.-■'
A TRAMP'S OWN RITUAL,
THE1 MOCCASIN TELEGRAPH
OGbUHU llClllli
Furniture Store
VICTOR^ AVENUE N.
Highest Prices Paid
Pop 9ecenrlhar\d Furniture,, (.love***-,
Tools, etc., also Ladle*' and Gentlemen'! Catt*off Clothei.
Two-chair Darber Outfit for Sale.
0. RADLAND, Prop.
The regular mail and telegraph' service was badly beaten the othor day In
heralding the sad nows of the death of
Inspector Fitzgerald of the Royal
North West Mounted Police and his
tlyeo companions, all of whom were
frozen to doath on.the Dawson-Fort
McPherson Trail, Well over a month
beforo tho official despatch announc-,
ing the fate of those gallant officers
was sent out from Roglna Clmrllo
Pearson, constablo stationed at Atha-
baska Landing, ninty miles north bf
Edmonton, had heard from the Indiana
that "Fitz" waB dead. Tho' Beol
Rivor Indians had told tho Fort Good
Hopo Indians; thoy had told tho Dog
Ribs; tho Dog Rlbn had told ,Uio Slaveys; tho' Slavoys had told tlio Croos
and bo tho story had gone—*noarly two
thousand milos from woll -within tho
Arci3> Circle to civilization, Pearson
wrote tho nows to Forbes Sutherland,
nnd old comrade of Fitzgerald's* during tho oavly days In tho north, and
thoro hnd boon tlmo for an oxcliango
of two lottors botwoon Montreal and
AUiahnslta Landing boforo llio Com-
mlitflionor of tho polico at Roglna hnd
rocolvod a lologinm from Dawson on
tho subject, Thin Is not llio first, tlmo
by any moiitiH tlinl. Uio vapidity with
which iiown irnvnllltiK by snow hIioo
and dog I rnin Iiiih wtrpvlflftd civilization,
Q.   Who comes here?   <- .,
A. A poor, worthless,candidate for
charity who begs to have and receive
part of the free lunch of this town, set
apart for regular customers, as many
thousand tramps have done before me.
Q, How, do you expect to gain the
rights and privileges?
.A.   By .being a  mau  too  lazy  to
work, not. ashamed to beg, and "under
the tongue, of general bad report.   '    "
Q. Where can this' report be had of
you?
A. In the police 'reports, inebriate
asylums and cafes.
Q.   From when came you? '      , p
A. From a town In Texas called
Booze.     -        •'    . '       ■*
Q\ Then you are..a regular tramp
I perceive? ' .' '    .
A. I am so taken and classed wherever I go.    ..'     ,  '       ,        I   ^.'
Q. How do' you know that ypu are
a regular, tramp?.,
A. , By being often arrested and
tried and never acquitted,'and expected t to be arrested," tried and*convicted
again. -    '. - - . 7
Q*. Where were you first prepared
to be a tramp? - s
A". In a .small bar-room, adjoining
my place of abode. "   'r
Q.   How were you there prepared?
.   A.;  By being   kicked . and   cuffed
around until divested of nearly,all my
clothes,  having  been   previously  re-,
lieved of-all my money" and diamonds.
Q. What first induced you to become a tramp?
A. -That I,might travel all over the
land and indulge'my ravenous appetite
for beer, and sponge my living from
an easily humbugged public.. ,
' Q.-'How.'do I know you to be a
tramp?-",'-   ,.    , _
—AT!--By"'the'"slze~and-Iai_ines8—of~my"
feet, by the size and color of my nose,
and by signs, grips and words,
^Q.   What are the words?
A. Certain plausible tales that will
best serve to induce the lady of tho
house to give up her cakes and pies.
.Q.   What are signs?
A. Dirty face and hands, torn and
dirty clothing, with a bad limp in
either leg. ■
Q.   What'Is a grip.'   .
A; A right hold on anything portable that can be turned into ready
cash.
Q. How did you first gain admission to this town?     !
A. By a good long tramp at "low
twelve",, tho time when all policemen
aro called from labor to refreshments,
Q.' How wero you received?
A. By a.cop just on the point of
taking a Springer's eyo-opener.
Q.   What did ho do with you?
A. Ilo conducted mo around from
oast to west, to tho court houso, and
told mo lo 'stand erect and faco the
public judgo,
Q.   What did the Judgo say to you?
A. Ilo told mo to say my namo,
promise to obey the law, aftor which
ho ordorod mo to tako a Btop to tho. loft
and follow thb cop to tho placo from
whence I oamo.—Switchmen's Journal,
GLAD3T0NE LOCAL UNION   ■
wfiereaa It has come to our notice
that certain members (?) of our Local
have taken the place of other men In
and around town, who atruck work In
order to remedy certain orlevanoet.
THEREFORE, we notify all membere who participate In auch despicable
proctlccB that If they oontlnue to do so
they will be expelled from the United
Mine Workers' organisation,
By order,
Exeoutlve Committee, .
D, REE8, 8eo,
BITTER CONFLICT IN
\-..   "■ -   . *    a
'     ... 7-*     .       SOUTH
WALE.
Little Children ar« Cry^flsfor'Fbod ■'.;
WhIU ihVw-ialthy Sl-W'Ownire''■■
rt, = '*7f,'■_*gevel:jn* LOxury J 77   ,->-
,- ■*•" ' ,  7    By Harry EvansT.'-***1 „' -- " "t*-**".
Ea/sden, Northumberland," England, -
■"*•*', V. Vf, ' v':■ ?.-May 2,-1311
' iv.i *. -    . .-**-*.*•.-'.     ,«   , ,_,
In taking'a general view'.of .the,coal
mining Industry over here,. l"J <>!)__erve
that.it is fairly,active. *< Of course,:U
being the spring season, our t-riniianU
for the Baltic and ether large European centres, are now being, shipped,
andjprices "are fairly well-maintained.
There are^ several-'distrlcts where
there arc disputes" which, have "been on
for many months,-the'cause being
prices and hori-unlbri'men, but the
most Important-dispute of the many*is
the one in.the ^outh Wales coal"districts of the Rhondda Valley.', In this
valley some 13,000 men and boys have
been on striko for Over $even months,
and their determination • to continue
the conflict is more so* as * I write
than at any time since they came-out.
I will not forget the grand, heroic
mothers, wives who are standing untold hardships and privations. It Is
here in the home circles that our hearts
pain . us as we ,.look upon the littlo
ones and hear their cries for food. The
mothers and daughters of South'Wales
are taking a noble part in.this bitter,
I am sure there has never
between
employers and employes than this one
in the Rhondda Valley of South Wales.
Here we have on the one side enormous vvealth,, while on 'the other side
we,have poverty and suffering. In
this conflict :_the future-emancipation
of the South-;\Vales miners will be
very largely ^interested upon the" question of a fair wage for their labor.
I have„ouillned the whole'of tlie dispute ' in some* of my former articles,
but I will' just say with? all sincere*
earnestness .that' it is a shame and a
disgrace to our'present-day enlighbep-
ment with -all' our boasted progress,
that.,men, yes;-'practical miners with
every experience'essential to mining,
,having"'to risk their lives amidst the
dangers of those firey mines for less
than one dollar, per day, in tKose abnormal-places. , .Yet those employers
are making enormous profits.0 I have
given them to the Jouranl readers before in an ''itemized . form, but hear,
are trie profits of .twenty of the South
Wales coal companies', taking an ave.-'
age pertod of eight and one-half years'
total capital Invested: • £12,736,153
profits upon' capital invested for the
eight and one-half years; £13,364,577
the average dividend for the twenty
Conflict.
been" a more.bitter conflict
companies "working out'at' £10 3s._8d.
per cent per-annum.-- - There has likewise been paid,in'dividends to the ordinary shareholders £6,677,732 in the
eight and one;haJ.f' years.
Now,' these' ate facts* which were
brought 'before the Welsh' conciliation
board a short time ago. Now, as we
read and think over these questions
which" are real actual facts, can we
wonder at., men' becoming passionate
and losing control of themselves? Yes
there is a greater work .before the industrial workers of the world, but the
beginning' must not be delayed until
the world' is ready. , Great Britain's
workers must see-to-their Interests,
Likewise our comrades' In ;tho United
States must see'to their Interests and
tho only way to improve our interests
as workers Is to select men from our
own ranks to represent us ln our legislative halls.  '
< (Ed.—tho fact" that the omployors
aro -making huge profits has nothing
whatever'to do with thb mlho workers.
If this view wero corroct then It would
bo lh order for tho employooa of a concern which wascompollod.'becuuso of
extraordinary circumstances arising, to
operate at a Iobb to participate In
those Iodsos. This mothod of drawing parallels Is based on thb fulso
promise that thoro Ih an Identity of Intorost between omployor and employeo
whoroas tho relationship Ib ono of
mutual Intovdopendonco but with Intorosts as opposite as tho polos,' If
whon a corporation makeB largo profits a higher wngo Hhould bo paid on
tho basis of whnt Ib sauce for tlio
goouo should also bo sauce for Uio
Electric Restorer for Men
PhOSDhonoI reitoren every nerva In the body
 ! to Iti proper tension | rcitorei
vim «utl vitality. I>rtnimturo deciy nnd nil sexual
WMkn-ii averted nt ence, * F)ini|>honal will
,.Vk_)ro_Y 1 !,8W nmi .I'rleejl.-......... *-	
fll,   Mnile*! in nny nildrem   Ilie BooUell Uru/
ilinx.artvn toi
Price
'GDI
~V6„ Nt, vKriinriiinMint.
For Snlo nt Qteaatlell'e  Drug Store
•'_' IK
Beware of"
Imitations;
Sold.;onrthe
Merits-of.
■. '-. *
Minard's-
Liniment
August 6-11.
gander, we fall to see wnere anyone
possessed of an atom of logic cannot
understand that the workers should
help pay, the loss if any occurs. This
idea of 'heads I win, tails you' lose"
ls, an erroneous one'.' ' The employer
of labor has afl the requirements to'
operate liis plant except one commodity, labor,power, and he applies the
same rule in purchasing this commodity as he -does every' other, viz./ to
buy at the lowest price obtainable, and
as is the rule' of tho:market,-vwhether
labor," pig iron or. sugar; the sellers do
all they. can. to obtain the highest
price.. .- Let us'put aside 'all sentimentality-and " look' the "situation
squarely .'in the face — Capital and
Labor are not twins as some* of the
'"leaders'^- would have us 'believe, but
on the contrary, the former's supporter's are looking-after .their material
interests'and use every, effort to/make
the best bargain they can when purchasing,, commodities, tand the fact
that'-the human peddlery of energy
are animate objects in nowise affects
the principle involved. The employer
prefers-individual bargaining..' The
employee realizes his weakness as an
Individual is forced into'collecti've.bar-
gainlng. j, The employer endeavors to
fix ^the ..wage scale at, the minimum
figure; the employee, on the;contrary,
the highest wage procurable.* .The.employer-dislikes 8 hour laws because of
.the fear that*production may be'limited ;*:the';employee-fights for" an 8 hour
day and hopes to make it even fewer
houre.7. The', sooner both parties-'real-
i'ze their respective positions the-quick-
er they .will keep7_ou___of__misIeading.
"deductions as^the one outiin'ed-'in'the
above article.- We may say so far, as
th©.- employer- "is concerned ' he is
clearer on- the -subject than many' of
the employees,'largely as a' result*of
the Utopian' teaching of men of Henry
Evans type.-, * If the selection0of men
to look after the ■.workers' interests
be advocated' from among those who
hold to the belief'that there is aniden-
tlty of Interests or a connection between profits and" wages then hopeless
confusion must follow.)
BRITISH     SEAMEN    .PROTEST
TSngllsh seamen, through their union',
organization are carrying on a tremendous campaign against the manning of
the British morchant marine with Chinese.' Over 150,000,-agitation propa
ganada posters, slzo about* 3 by 4
feet, havo boon*' posted In every port
of the. world,'©specially In Groat Britain, Australia and Canada.
.' Tho placard* shows ono'sldo of the
unorganized seamen's disability to
meot with the big shipping trusts,
iit depicts a Bailor who has takon a
physical examination beforo boarding
a boat. This, is compi'iisory ,;undor
the law, Tho doctor hnn tho powor
to doclaro whether or not _to worker
Is to roceivo omploymont.
'Tho doctor has doclarod-that tho
apparently physically ablo applicant
Is really 111. Thla Ib ono of tho moatiB
usod to mako tho applicant erlngo and
crawl and to work for a lowor wago.
'I cannot pass you," sayB tho doctor.
"What will happon to mp wlfo and
family? Now I havo boon unemployed for nlno-wooUs already,' nays tho
workor.
Chinaman; "Noro'H wlioro J como.
In; thoy don't examine mo,"
Ovor 40,000 ChlnoBO avo now In tho
employ of thb Bi'ltUlj morchant marlno
anil utlll othor thousands of Chinamen
flock to tho omploymont agonolos for
work on tho ships, whoro thoy aro o_
coptod with opon arms,
TIiobo Chlnamon work for ono*lmlf
tho amount that do tho othor workorH.
In comparison with tho amount of
wngoB rocolvod Uio'CIiIhobo llvo vory
cheaply.    Thoy llvo on noxt to noth-
1       !f        . •,     .
Tlto Socialist \iuily ,d Ut, ton cimvisn*
tljii look tho stand Hint it in ojuoec'l
to pllmulated Immigration. Thin |»
th-i'm.mo fltond t.il.en by tho party In
nil olhor countrlon oftho world, Since
...t t>..u_.*_,_kYtu.i oi mui jiu-uiro tn th-j
Socini-D-pmokrnton nv-mminlfi. the
poBtovB lmvo nlao bo.'n poatod In Anv
orlea^
-•♦♦♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦4,
Tout ouvrier mlneur eat
prle de ne pai venlr • la province d'Alberta oullau baaaln
du Kootenay (Colombia An-
Olalie. pualqn'll y a plua de
6000 aana emplol. .
♦♦♦.*<►♦■<►■*-♦>♦♦<
'■-... .v-"* ■ •- -ryyys^ x y.\
■    '      '   '  -" l    •'-■-'"*■-"     *v
._:
7,„ .-^;jt-Mm-HMt^R««ma '■-'•-.-.'   7-,„. ■   '".     Het and Calri Bathe.'ly.
... >--'•-  . :     -.  •-- *•* ,*■-*-■-.■-.,.  ,,     . *> -;.*jw   ' **.-**,.■.,  . r    _.      I, "v--.   -.     .    - .
*£/&*&J^                                               iyjj
_■■{_. iFernie's  I^ad^g^Ctfmmwfii^.HotiS,''.     ;j
w ;LThe, Finest: Hotel Jr
.... '-^yyify
V""- ^'-iyfij
i Eaet Kootenay;
''_ V'  -7'-,>**,■" (
t -  *.,.",.>'-,-,*•'
,  .        i '{,'. „   *s,    ■    t,   .-.             ~;    ' ." '.
•'.'<-$£."       ">' -I'. *._7'•*■:.*•■,, '■*". " ,*    '      t;
.-,/--..* M         -*-'.,-;:*« *.-.-"•., frr      *.*,;
■--•*,"J;c.v.*o,     --. 7" ''-•"•',-. '*'  •
"'-'A\:\J. 1.   GATES,.Prop. ,-'
-_ > *   >v r ■-' x i^»     ■*>*-■■,   -. _..     -   ",
i          .          '       *         -     t    -V  .        >f*.                       ,*'**.
iy*
■ - *_, i •
■f.-i ,i
' .*_ I
.':   " V..i
.7,".^
"    i
; \
" a
A ■
't .
ct- J, J   , HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO   J
, Capital Authorised ...'.$10,600.000.00..Capital 'Subacrlb'ed'.-...'$5,575,000%
Capital'Paid  Up   ..7;..$5,575,000* -   Reserve'Fund ;....;'-;./.'$5,575,000
. D*R* WILKIE, Prealdent HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice- Prea.1
7      7 branches'in British Columbia;!" \       '; ',
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie,.Golden,.Kamloopa, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
. .-"       ■       --"    Revelstoke,.Vancouver ane(Victoria."'. *  ':      ."
-;..    J\J      .'      SAVINGS DEPARTMENT'^ ' y      .   ,   ,7V **_, ,!
Ihtereat allowed on deposits at current 'rate'.rom, date of deposit. - '
FERNIE BRANCH ' GE0.J7B. BELL, Manager.
. i
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
V -\-,v   - ""' ,-;■' '   i<\   : '{<y?r:"'jiyyy*yyy^i   ■,
"BEING BOARD (BORED)"     ._
is what .the manwith the monocle;
" will, sayv"',happens when you ttilk
1 about .-'''-7%1'-. ."*.  '■-" •    '■•   " "
BOARDS',;LATH,',s\llNGLES AND
TIMBERS,? *., -■
He 'don't appreciate}what; doesn't
; .interest him.-J-Good' lumber is'
. intensely;'^interesting when, y'oii
'. intend to builds,*"'.-Builders appre-'
,ciate-''.the 77,,' '"'7',-*.'    '--.-  '
...     ..   ,** -.      *?. .*    /* -. 'i,
SUPERIOR, QUALITY .LUMBER
sold' here. _ •', .,7.: .-;.' '<« ;r; -jyTy -^acssa^mmkl.   ,..,
'• ' ■, *•>.'-.    .   -'       *.-    .**■'*..   , "■    *.''■•
..■■'■      ■-,,-. v .,.;,.., • *       - -,.:,-. ,.,  ,-   : '
. .  ;,°fF!CE *n<* XARD, Mcpherson ave., opp. q. n. depoTk fernie
* !___  "i' '"- ' -.'■ * = -.     : -       ,'s ,-,*,-,. -
iii
■:■ U
■1
i
Fernie Opera House
l_.LciiLiie^
■', •■_■*■■--.-'
i**a-\ ; - 'v
Vau d e v i lie
Night
A, Pizzocolo, Mgr.
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Genta' Furnishings    .
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C.
KING'S HOTEL
Bar supplied with tho host WImoh,
Llqttoi'H and Cljjai'H
DINING ROOM IN 0OtfN IIOTION
•i'i. T.    f
*'***'•       - - .* *
^Large^Ai_y^Ropmsi.^
G66&: Board {'■    ;
f: --*,
■_..)'.
floss; & Macfeyi_l2fi!
,\'.vX\i   -„'>,.«:•_ jr',_<»•>._ *.   .'   I, .
*,.*»•. '■:'! i.'  '•' jiA-fi
'■ i. 5,'        - " *
■■■■■■A
':i4
Mcintosh, McDonald
7-&i $npw."'-'.
',' '.;-._-:""'l '••..■';■'.
Contractors
& Builders
Open for all kinds of buniuosu
in'thoir'lino
* ' ii
Addrou Box 07    .   Fornie
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm, Eschwlg, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
_  51 t '
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
';(
W, MILLS,
Prop
Fernie-Fort
Brewing Co,,
Steele"!
„ Ltd,   !
Beer
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Novyhere In the Pana oan be'
found In auch a dlaplay of
Meats
Wa have the beat money
cai> buy ef Beet, Pork, Mul'.
ton, Vital, Poultry* Butter,
£Ql)*--.r-«h, ^'Imperator Hama
and Bacon" Lard, 8«uiagea,
Welnera and 8auer Kraut. *'
;
PHONE OP CALL
,    *.
I" Calgary Cattle Go. j
Phone 66   * i
i'l
Printer's Ink
When used on soo. prettei and
neatly displayed,type (or your ilation-
ery U valualil«. We h»ve every
facility for doing the brut of job work,
And at a minimum -.mee.
\.
* w*-^tii_itt**«toT-.,Jrff-rJsik_*«_tff-__.  .. ..Wa t**-**^  -^SSf* ____?__.«*. wWtrtftii-o-t^i-tW*:--  it i|!itt.i*!n_rwti vb-«1#_MA.>__vr _._>   db__*<_A. SUS-av) s-'i-** -'••>
f'jff --'-..; '1*-.
'..__.■_" '.*•■ ■--*-'
^t'..-*"
. Tn^Tagff; ^^l/JllMfflB. .ij3-t-MAt.2^'l?ii
■*V. ^'V=W--",'«i-'-*----,X4v<i^«^8.   _
■- *-Dl*^t .^hH***i*.   .«-.
* *■*■ —, f. -z^i       .—-i     t*r".-Xw-r'^'
«.■_.!_■;> iwC|i»-t-*-.«f5.V-r **"■_.■*.:■_ «-.**■"-*"
V--*-*-*".:
1 ***,.v*  y.\\   ** t ;t , ,:_■_»_*- v?*.
over 35%
. -     • ■' -7 .--■.V,*.- -j'-.-   T ;;?*">".-.•'-'. 1
of the purchasing
price on your
range by buy mi a
**•*■•'■*__"■"
r*J_;  il.
I ■ )* t&A*ri^iXtga*a^^r-zr;:.- *■ ,*■ *
',fc__r ' ''
«»*^Wlt*W*> % »J
.--i-i."-'.•***•,-
II
■I
'•_' TMsRariae -
Fully Guaranteed
and Freight Paid
ri.*.■••<:«_____-
!J".
.■sr.
the
t-.y,
why we -are able to save
■a  you so .much money. :
' Wo make the Rang-ea and place theri
:,'in|your Kitchen,    Thi?re's"only one
'.. transaction and 'on« reasonable profit -
^ niada'on the whole transaction.   You.
don't have to pay a factory profit—then a jobber's
■• -    profit^a^tailer's, Fro.fit—stor-? i-entand=clerk-
..,,->- .-jhir-?—and expenses of travelling salesmen.   Our
gteat .".Factory to Kitchen" Plan enables you'td'buy the
-best Range for'the same price ' that the wholesaler and,
jobber would have to pay—and LESS than the retail dealer .
could get it for—and on better terms too.
'"«.', DOMINION PRIDE" RANGES. .   '/■*>."
would cost from $69 to $73 if 'aold by retail stores.  , Our square deal
Viiy bf dealing direct with you—arid saving you all the profits made on
ordinary ranges—enables you to have a " Dominion Pride" Range for
.!!511t'o'$.!)..r- ,     --,     ,*'-•'.-•'    .*       '   -.'
."Dominion rriclc'' Ranges are made of best Blue Polished Steel and Malleable
Iron;- Polished steel,does not need blacking-—simply go over it with' a cloth
and.it will _jtay fresh* and bright. J^alleable Iron will NOT warp, crack or
.break, as cast iron will. Malleable.Iron is used by railroads for, car castings,,•>
arid by Farming Implement Makers,' because of its superior strength. Cast Iron
Ranges are cheap—even at their best—ind expensive Tor you at anj price,
because they soon go to pieces. " Dominion .Pride "< Ranges will last a lifetime
because"tbey, arc built right, of the right materials, by people who know.
"7.    _ ...;.; SAVE OVER 30% OF;YOUR FUEL >.,.
" Dominion Pride ".Ranges have proved this by actual tests. -./Whether you use wood or
coal V Dominion Pride ".will cut down the cost'of fuel by almost one-third.   COLD rolled
"'-'steel plate ovens, sectional iron lining Fire Box with air chambers—double walled.flues, ,
*,- Interlined with asbestqs—extra heavy grates—all help to make "Dominion Pride-" the"'
most,economical,Range you can buy. '»-.'•..    •"'        '  "•      \ .
-."'      .,._'3     WB.GUARANTEE THEM—ABSOLUTELY
Over 6,000 of our RANGES'are in "use in Toronto^alorie, and many, thousands more in other
parts of Canada.   You get a Range that has' proved its superiority in every way when you buy •
a " Dominion Pride," and our guarantee holds good for. a year.   This guarantee means everything to you—because you have an enormous factory and an old established Canadian Company
* back of the guarantee. -   Here's another point about',, Dominion Pride " Ranges that is missing
.•Vin Ranges bought at retail stores.'   You can always'get new parts if you need thep.
.      7WE PAY THE FREIGHT—RIGHT TO YOUR STATION
Our price—direct from our Factory to your. Kitchen it this—a'" Dominion Pride" Range 8-18
or 9-18 top, with higb^closet shelf or elevated tank or flush reservoir, with zinc sheet to go under
___________       -.Range, 8 joint's of blue polished steel pipe and 2 elbows—delivered, tb "any railroad express
i.-  ...       ■    ..* ■        station in Ontario^-Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia or'Prince Edward Island—for $41—
...OR delivered to any railroad 'express station in Manitoba', Alberta, Saskatchewan or British Columbia—$49
I'$5 to.bo sent -with order, balance to be paid when Range is delivered at"your railroad station. * If not convenient to pay cash we will arrange lo accept your dote.      , ***■
Our Ittustrattd booklet* Ull th* whota atopy of "Dominion Prldo"  Range a. aitd explain tha detalle ef our "Factory to Kltohen" plan of'aavlng yeu money .
,..*-.-.■,**   .;*" ,J .'At least, write for the bookleta. * You'll find them wonderfully tntereatlng.   Send to-day.
Canada Malleable esteil Range MfgXo. Limited. gS.
        * IIN WRITING PLBASB MENTION, THI3 PAPER] ,'•'.,'   *;"*.'
(■j^vim***1!-
\\
W
linfjn
WHAT ABOUT THE ALIEN LABOR LAW
EDMONTON^Porhapa one', or the
largest-institution*^ of .lta' kind tq" he
*' ©statillshed" in, this-part; ot tho north-
. west will commence operations ahoit-
ly, when tho Great * Northwestern Co**,!
,  Company, Pittsburg; Pa',, will'open a
■ temporary office'nt the corner of First
Street and trio Grand Trunk Railway
tracks.     This  corporation 'which. ls
■ onw of tho largest operating In;tho
United State's, ls'capitalized at $100,-
000,000,* nnd Includes among its stock-
* holders' somo of- tho biggest, itjen. In
tlu. American financial world. It has
branch offices-In .every .lurgo city In
* the States and ls aald to do tho largo-it yenrly businoss In any coal.company thero. • .,-■'.
? Threo largo mlnos will bo oponod
In Alborta, one ot which will bo near
St, Albert, ono mlno "thirty ,.i..le_ np
thu riylar, and tlio. othor ono huudrod
milos* north of Edmonton.    Eaoh of
the' mines will employ flvo hundred
;'minors.!   Tho, throo mlnoB '.vlll turn
out about 6,000 tonB of: coal por day,
'and two ■ experienced mlno onslnaerB
arc In Kdmonton nt tho prosont timo,
'•- and wlll'leavo at onco to comploto arrangements for. sinking shafts nt tho
mlnos,   H, 8. Dormls, president of the
corporation, left, i few days ago for
., Pittsburg/ where he will arrange to
{.ship the mlnari who will work In the
' three mines whloh will be eitabllahed
In Alberta, at wall as-to, ship the machinery neceaaary for auch an* under*
taking.     Offices will bo established
soon In Calgary, Lothbrldgo and other
cltl-OR in the provlnco, .
O. A. Kraft will bo the superintendent of th _ three mines north of here
at a salary of $3,600 a year, He has
a five-year contract vrlth the eorpbi-v
. tion and 'with his experience ot many
years In this kind of work Is expected
to mako tbo Great Northweutern Coal
CoipornMon tlio power InTlnnndt thnt
It Ir In the financial world of the 1,'ntt
, yu   r-luivti.        Ilii.   iU li'i.   .tlii   »*1|U«.   tli
n low^ flnyn vt]\h .,000 ■mon imfl lhe
inBt'hlnery.*
"It ls our purpose to . oatabllih
-school* nonr Ihe Tnlnes for the chlldron of the miners whom we -will bring
»- — ><  ,.m  -  ........i.ii...   -« ii.,
........ ..w.._.      M.       *V«y,.   .,....,.,.,._, v       W._.       ..._.v
corporation. 'l"Wo will build houace
for our employoos, a» we hnvo dono
at our othor mines, and establish a
regular colony. The colony will also
\lncIudo factories, stores, hotels and a
well-equipped hospital, all to bo estah*
llnhod north of Edmonton, wltb easy
rcc««b to the railroads.
"Thla is the plan that we have found
most feaalble In eitablUhln* ourselves
wl.6_ ever wo find a good vein of coal.
Tho Great Northweatorn Coal Com-
galn"the .foothold here that wo now
have In tlie United Stated, ,' Our engineers are the best that- money can
buy, all of them being adepts In ,thelr
particular lines,' -As ah indication
that'wo mean business we will open
our office, which will be a temporary
structure, at once." ' Actual operations
at our mines will* start' In about a
week.*' /' ,
ri.(Ed.—• Tho above ls exceedingly interesting nows for property ownors of
Alberta's capital city, but 'as this la
the homo of that province's lawmaking body and unloss they follow tho example of tho old doggrel ,
"Tho near tho church tho farther.from
,God;
Tho cobbler's wife Is nlwayB worst
shod," ,
ought to tako somo slops to compel
this prospective corporation to comply with the statutory regulations, governing "Alien Labor." Prom this roport H, 8. Dormls loft for Pittsburg
for tho purposo of shipping minors,
and as this ls tho city In Pennsylvania
with Its.unsavory records of a'raftltls
and child labor law evasions, and not
nny of the aspirants along tho Crow's
Neat that wish to bo known as4 tho
Pittsburg ot Canada, thoso shipped aro
most assuredly ftllons... Tho paternal-
Id tlo schomo outlined may appear vory
nlco on the surface, but oxporlonco
of llko character In. various parts of
the world have demonstrated that thoy
aro not advantageous, to tho workors
nor to tho businoss people othor than
thoso immediately connected with the
corporation. There Is no dearth of
conl minora In Canada at present, and
othors constantly coming Into it from
the old country obviate any necessity
for tho commission of overt breaches
of tho law as Is ovidenlly contemplate
od by tho above article.'* If corporations can openly violate the laws then
the qulokor they are repealed the better, but alto should not entltte them
to commit Infractions, therefor. . so
long aa they are on tho statu'., books
enforcement ought to be adhered to.)
have." No.-. Not "sell it,. You have
got to .throw 'it _n. free.
We think, that'labor power sells at
its"cost.'' " That Is.right. But there is
so much labor power offering that the
workers cannot sell.. So the mas .rs
look over." the bunch ' and pick , out
what they want.
"Hei'eoare two tailors, two painters
wanted. „ It does" not .matter if you
are;a_good tailor. ..Jrhatlis not enough.
You h^ve to be .a good musician. You
"musro^n^your'owi^InstTuments, and
you mustglve'yourservices.' , -
' If .you are a .union man' and stlcl;
to your union you in***/ "get union pay.
But you will have to scab on the mil
sicians to. hold down this job.
When will you wage plugs get wise?
Are you .always going to sleep on?  •-
_How' many more, burdens will your
masters have to pile* on your backs
before you get sense and fight back?
Now, you cannot get Jobs unless you
can play music for nothing, amuse the
people. Pretty soon your masters
will be wanting you to make face1, nnd
tote their young round after your day's
work ls ovor, Advertisement? will
be appearing. 'Wanted—HoneH. tnllor,
wor.c ten hours a day and take caro
pf-hlB employers children'at, n-ght'.
Mu?t bo,good nt making [a"*.*.' tlmt
will amuse children.'
In. the.old Roman day3 thu flute
girls were not, successful unless 'thoy
woro willing to surrender their.box
favors to their omployors,
' If you have anything, you slave, trot
it out and, exhibit lt to your masters.
Jf you" want a Job loam to senfy on
your fellow workers of another craft.
Soil., your labor powor as a shoemaker nnd glvo your powor to produce
music, for nothing, ' Bo willing-to bocomo'hurso girl, clown, nnythlng to
hold your Job down.
Oh you slavo, you sleepy, foolish
slavoB. You build tho shops and mills
and railroads thnt your masters own.
You labor to produco clothing nnd
your omployors own tho goods you
produce, You sell your labor powor
against ono anothor and your maBtors
.buy from day to day ns slaves,
• Will you forovor bo Blnvos? Why
not bo mon? Why, not unite among
yourselves and throw off your mas-
tors T Tako tho mills away from
thom. Take thoir railways away from
thom. Your class built them. Your
clnss runs them, Your clnss doos tho
work. Why should you bo plundered
by ft class whoso only labor Is to fight
among themselves for a share of the
plunder stolen from you nnd to dovlfo
ways and schemes of plungln. you
deeper Into slavery .-Cotton's Weekly.
ticable persons of the male sex have
suggested ..that the present difficulty
might,be met by using,last season's
styles! but >*the horror with which this
proposal;:was received is convincing
evidence .that if there is anything more
useless.than""last year's bird's nest it
must be.last year's rats and curls. "
*.- *.-.
LOWEST;' BIRTHRATE
v.-  FOR  HUNDRED YEARS
Dr. Bertillon Tells French Nation It
_i8 In.Danger of Dying out*     '
.PARIS—The Journal Official publishes an article by Dr. Bertillon, chief
statistician ^to the government, ln
which the dangers to France are made
plain .In,',the' birth an.' death rates for
1910. . The complete figures follows:
Marriages,'. 305,289, divorces 13,049,
births 7741358, deaths 703,777. ,kT)io
births are' the; lowest for a century.
In 1805 the births numbered 1,018,000.
They dwindled to 983,000 In 1862 ^and
numbered 899,000 In 1887. The'deitth
rate in 1910 was exceptionally tyw
yet the excess of births over deaths
was only 70,581, compared with 884,061
In Germany.
Dr. Bertillon conclude*, by saying
that there is no reason, psychological
or -economic which presents Prance
from, Increasing as othor nations and
no motive for hor resigning herself
shamefully to rnco suicide.
PASK   _H£BE
■*•_,,.>-IT-
,■'/-
'.-I*-.
_/
'.'}.'
ELOQUENT LEC\URE|.BY^.^_       .
'_,•*'•■  .' A SOCIAtjIx/MEMBER
.■',.■-■,'"•n-.    --^-'$%$££. -
c- M- O'Brien, M-P-P^fprBo-qky; Motirv*
, tains District of Al^.rta|Cipokc" in *
.-, the-Unique TheatrirLartViNlflht; .'
LEWI8 NOW BACK
IN THE, NIINE8
WHEELING, W, Va, —' Tom L.
Lewis, former president of tho United
Mlno Workors, defeated last Fobruary
by John, White of Iowa and refusing
all kinds of offers at big salaries, last,
wook returned to his old occupation ns
a digger ot conl In Wheeling Creok
mine, whoro ho workod boforo bolng
oloctod to his first official position in
tho mlno  workors1' organization.
Ho Is using the. pick and.shovol sot
glvon him by, tho Columbus miners'
convontlon Inst January, when ho announced ho would return to tho mlnos
If dofoatod. As his room mate In the
mlno has has' "Syl" Prlco, a votoran
minor ,wlth whom ho workod with sixteen years ngo.
, Thoro was to havo boen n demonstration by the minors on tho rolurn
of Lowls to tho mines, hut ho foolod
thom by keeping tho tlmo a secret and
quietly getting to tlie-mlnos boforo his
Intentions were known.
, C.'.M. O'Brien; M.P.P., (for*-Rocky
Mountains, Alberta, deUYered an able
lectui-ft.on Socialism, in the*Unique
Theatre last night..' J."w.-Eastwood
presided and there was a big andi-
ence Including a large perccr.tag. of
small business' men.
■ A thousand organizations., said Mr.
O'Brien had sprung into wiatance to
deal" with' the prevailing social unrest
but the Socialist organization was tho
only one that- went' to the root of. the
evils.,' The others Ignored - the \iause-"-
and tried to cure the evil* by dealing
with the-effects.
' Aristotle found that the cause of
poverty In his day was slow production. Inthe'last few generations men's
productive powers had marvellously increased, yet poverty persisted. , Wby
was this? It was because a*small class
exploited the labor of the masses.
Formerly t^he^ijiillionaire hypotnteed
our forefatm___nto the belief that
their wealth came from heaven. Now
the kids wanted to know where and
how the millionaire got his-wealth.
•■Under slavery class exploition depended on the' ownership of men. Under feudalism' the barons owned the'
land and they had as much power over
the products.of labor as if they had"
owned the serfs. • Under capitalism a
small number of people owned the
machinery of production.* This machinery of production represented * the
accumulated knowledge and labor of
thousands- of years. -^Yet a few' men
control it. Twenty-nine men in Can-,
ada had it in their power to say whether the" big industries should be kept
in operation' or not. The men who
controlled ' the railways, 'steamboats,
and other arteries of commerce owned the products- of earth. The farmer
and business "men might have' title
deeds of various kinds of property,
.but-they'merely amounted to a certificate to a steady job. Like the laborers
they were' merely wage, earners, selling not, hay or boots, but-their life-
force 'or labor * power. ' - •
J'lAs to 'Socialism, the speaker said
that it was the now science of sociology, .developed by the laboring class
iii order- to express the point of view
of the workingman. ,^The capitalist
had taught the workers various kinds
of science," when- by so doing" the efficiency of the laborer, was increased.
But'they had not "taught -them° the
true science of sociology, because it
______ __t_,*-.4*___.«___ _-_«ft*K______.,* «•___.__._ 1__I!__. .___
-„*_o.Uu.- _*.__ noauju-iv-ic.fittt—LIie^ay_s-
tem of labor exploitation. Moreover,
the capitalist could not get at the fact,
because it jwas not their'material interests to do so. * "-
, History as taught in . the schools
gave false impressions. The great man
theory.hadbee'n exploded,' yet histories
deal almost wholly with the doings of
alleged great men. The materialistic
conception of history was the only true
one!    y
Turning to the question of surplus
values, the speaker said that if the
workers were taught to measure
lumber,' capitalism would soon fall.
Labor was the source of value. A
gold mine' at the north polo would be
of no value, because, labor could not
bo applied to It. r
Speaking of tho class struggle, ho
said capitalism when lt camo on tho
stngo of human dovolopment ruthlessly abolished the old first, second, third,
fourth and fifth estates. At first It
built up a middle class, but.now tho
trusts and combines wero abolishing
the middle class,    v   •
Tho age of Individualism had passed
away, but the individual Idea which
went with tho uso of tho Individual tool
still survived. Collective production
was abolishing privato property. No
stockholder In thoC. P. It. could lay
his hands on a*slnglo tlo nnd,sny ho
owned It.
Social production mado man a social
animal against his will. Men hnd boon
obllgod to work nnd llvo togcthor; ond
woro now being forced to own togoth-
or, . It wasn't tho crookedness of-the
politicians or tho cussedncss of tho
capitalist thnt caused suffering In tho
midst of plonty. It was tho fact that
tho workors failed to rocognlzo tho
forco of tho nocosslty to transform tho
capitalist ownership of tho moans of
production Into public ownorshlp.
Thoro was an Intorostlng discussion—
St. John's (N. n.) Standard.
ial Excursion
To
q
Date will be announced
later—so ,watch' for it.
i
e
\
Visiting-.the entire district
See before you buy. Write
me for full particulars.
•° Dig in the ground for a
livelihood,' you'll be under
soon enough! Eive acres
cultivated will prolong life'
and provide a competence
.   "    for old age.
*"'-,, -
. '" I
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
Gity, weMocated and water
r*} ■''   >       i     ■ if, ^
Joe Grafton
,1 e_^ , .
LETHAL CHAMBER
U8ELE89 FOR YEAR
8. P. C. A. Rsquaits Civic Committee
to Secure _ss Connection at Pound
—Request for Wire at English Bay.
tmf awtNO nr rH-PITM tt*M
Tho following advertisement appoared In a ,N«w Brunswick paper:
"WANTED—Musicians that own
their Instruments, give services for
position, S tailors, 9 p»Int-»n», 1*1 sho«v
makers, 4 moulders; other tradesmen
writ-***; must bn nood at bnlb, f»n« %aod
baas drummer. Bu«ww> C. cWly,
Eackvlllo. M. n„ Bandmaster Cltltens'
Hand."
You we how capitalism Is pfog-wt-
pany Is a corporation who** anginal,*tan It U tr-MUng v» \rm «*« **> t«sK*-r
-Mtnbllahmcnt dat*e back many years., tell your labor powor alono,     Yon
nnd It Is oar purpose to attempt to J have alto got to sell anything you
<   HAIR   MAKBRB'   STRIKE
• _*«^m**___*»
_ ' * i
Fashionable women who have delay-
od ordering their spring and summer
supply ot tho puffs, rati, and olhor
tuystorious paraphernalia with wtui'ti
woman's natural supply of balr is aug-
nmen<«d, tattt an embarrassing state
affairs,    Tlio roation for this ts tho
strike of workers engagod In the making ot switches, trtmstormstlons i.nrti<.||y more thnn n your ago.
similar aids to thn hair dresser's art.     Tho chamber was a very nlco one,
Thee* employees domnnd nn advanr. '
In wagos nnd claim that t\t tho ratm
thoy are now paid they aro not oven
V/ANnOTTVF.n—A iloW-iMi-.i. trtxm
tho Bocloly for tho Prevention of
Cruelty to Anlmnls waited upon tho
Flro and Police Commit*, rocontly In
reference to tho lack of gits for a
lothiil cthnmbor, which had been asked
for by tho society and *jrrant_l hv xhn
WESTERN MINERS
GET A. F. L. CHARTER
WAHHINOTON—President Moyor, of
tho Wostorn Federation of Minors, un-
dor dato of May 6, notified Prosldont
Qompors that cAnvass of tho referendum volo overwhelmingly Inrlorswl »hr»
proposition lo accept the charter upon
tho conditions laid down by tho tixocu*
tlvo rV-iiinrlt nf ihr. Am^if,..* Tf"!c-"r.
tion of-Labor nt Its mwotlnr .Tnnunrv
HI.   On May 0 tho charter wns tamicd
HEAD OFFICE
TORONTO
Original
Charter • ■
1854
Branch Office of Ihe Home Bank
of Canada, comer Bloor
and Balhunt Sttceli,
, Toronto.
SIX OFFICES IN TORONTO.
'*•"*■' * ■ ' .' ""* -', '   **••'.'
British    and    Foreign
»
correspondents   in. all
the  principal . cities of
the world.
General Banking business transacted.
BRANCHES AND CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT CANADA
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Pernio
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,760,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Asset -10,000,000
In an nuo of extravagance, tho
thrifty foruo Buroly ahonil—whilo
their loss provldont neighbors accumulate* debts.
,   Mnny a thrifty man or womnn can
point to tho first docldod stop In lifo
'ah .invlni. boon takon tho day it bank
account was oponod.
A Bavlnif Account In tho llnnk of
Hamilton will provo a suro Incentive
toward thrift
SSliJ
Ttl*
$
Head Office:
HAMILTON
s|ek with fpnsumptlon, typhoid fover,
nnd cholera Infantum?—Ho does, and
may calt on you next.
1.    Ts    tb«    flV    ilfini»Arni!0-»~*tln ta
man's worst pest, and mor« danK-w-
ous thftn wild beasts or rattlesnakes.
7.   Whnt disease doos tho fly carry?
13. If thore Is filth nnywhore that
you ran uot romovo, call tho offl■*■« of
the board of hoalth and ask for r«v
llof b*»for<» vnn  nro  i_.H.'l**At> '*,.[,%,  ai
nonno and perhaps death.
Ablo io equip themselves with a fair
supply nf the artificial   curia   which
n sponkpr snld, but it was usoless,
and whilo tho skill or tho manipulator
of tbe Iron bar probably causod pain*
lone death to the condornneil dogs,
'-lie method  w,\.\ not the onw nm*t
CATECHIBM  OF THE   FLY
sis, nnd summer complaints
An nllM mftvo-mAnt hrm ftpi-m otiH-iOn bin wlnr* ntiil tnlr-*- ttiot
od in Nortli Carolina, whore the following "fly catechism" Is distributed
to thn school children.
1, Whero Is tho fly bom?—In filth.
2. Where does  the  fly  live?—In
every kind of filth.
..  -.,    -   1* Krijthlng  too filthy  for the
they,turn out In such numbers for tbelr | highly approved at the present day. I fly?-—No.
moro fortunate iilatcrs. An UiU tlty | tt wtu iw|Uv«ii. ilml the fommlttee; t i«> Where does he jro when
(Monircalj Is the Canadian centre of j tnke some action to see If the chamb-j be him* tho manure pile and »he spit-
the .artificial hair market the dearth *.*. which Is at thft pound, «vuM not; term ?-Into tlw kit-then and dining
In the supply of. women's mont wMelr i bi> ronnect.,1 with tho gas main.   No {room,   (bl   What doeal». do there?-*-
used ald-v to naturo Is likely to cam*.
t*x.vrk, -Attires* unless the indiffnaUon
of tho f .nfnfrifl public putu ,m tuxxly
-M. to tbe present contest*    Imprao
ouf nrosent knew Just howmuch work) He walks on tho bread, fruit and ve-
\tould be Involved, and the nutter was* «'*!►»«_   he wlp** his f«*» on the
i-u_[*t\'<I to the liouudkoiipev uv u re- liutu-r mwi \*\x,*m In tbe biittMnilK.
ported upon.—News Advertiser, r,.   Does the Hy visit tb* p»U<-nt
VANCOUVER, May SS.-Tho seven'
He carries typhoid fever, tubcroulc-jyear old son of A. I_, l.oos, n plonwr
How?—j merchnnt, was kllli-il At the bathlni?
bnarti Xiv in Xnt, rrillm- r.v..- x,t„,     *ri .
child uas in his lathi-r'H care.
Tlw
little one had pushed the lots*, which
b-f'Knn to roll nnd <might Iris -'lothing
carrying lilm under before his father
could cntrh him.
v.**,. *
U his correct name?-—Typhoid fly.
ft Where are me -.r-wHorit number of
owes of typhoid fever, ronsumptfon,
and summer complaints? — Where
thore nro the most flics.
9. Whero   an»   xhe mcml ■nk.?-
Whore tberu In Dm most filth. ]
10. Why Rlmulii wo kill tbo fly?-™'
Hry-su*. he -may kill nn, '
11. How shall wc kill thn fly?—!
Destroy all Dm fi.iJ. about the bomt- •_.   '. -.„„.„__,__   m. »«„.»	
and yard.     Kilt the fly with a *lr*-<CV** BACKACME. BLADDER ANO
sewn tpaddl-e. or Mli-ky   paper,   ori KIDNEY TROUBLE
kertHene oil. j    Sold with a r*-n*lflv* Hfuarsntw    \t
it.   Kill thr* fly any w%y, but kill1 all dr-a. r*. T. cents p*r bo*, or The
th« Uf- JF1. Mil Co,, St. Thomas, Ont.
F;ig Pills ■5'fe ? " *"1
' ,**- ..\
-*.-*'*'   * ' - >';-„\:V'
*-" *'-. "7"„r'■'■*  l
..   J-*"»,,--",.i..,.f    V..V,,,
*-. -.-*■■-*'ji ■>■   ''
'<_*■•■..
!r;'-
PAGE.FOUB
*.- '     '. -     .'■■-.. *-. •- -.-   ;-    A.y-^   »;,.-_—,     ;
'   ** --'*** '.       ,1    r    .
-.-7       '*.        ,'* '
PHB DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE,;B. C, -MAY-iff) 1911 - 7 .'
'•, >;
'v-*'"*
■,.,-•_,.   •,'-t--*7i-;>-,e,;-"._.---V>.-',*7-^"-•-fiiV.^.^V-'*,- *• ,v-*i-r ""*■■ • -* „^---t"-.. ;*** ". .v--- V'--1-*^. I
--■/■;.,- '7* ,"■*. ••.-.-,7-,-v ■"   "--Jr-" 'bs>'- ■,-=■.'■•■:.-' -t--'"--,"'~-" <*-■■•-"■■ -. '.-,"7' .-j. . *■;• •• .": 1
-.'Ji .-,;■■ .-: ■_-.',' "'7:   v--7*7 _V*7*7*-7*;;;_.v47;:-77*-''A7^.''7r>> ,7 '- •*?;*•*■   ■;-_7-«  ■ \ .-- **-_  ".- -"'  1
.    -'-   •'     • .-'>""--"    -v',. *■_*•    "   -'.'       - .:*' ',        '*-"",''"!" 7 - ; * ->;»- -*"■* ft.    -"» .'  Si,-*.-'     .   .     -*   -i.i
/_ -.       -        , -   '       - r'       -   -    *S - - -      . " V  : '•*'.. -!-. ._..,-. -   . fl
.-rv**
I'l
7    '- 7* , ' ,   - ■ '' -—r- '*— *"'
.- Published every Saturday lhorning; at its offica,
Pellat Avenue* Fernie, B. 0,: Subscription-$1.00.
per. year 'in advance. An. excellent advertising-
medium. Largest circulation in, the District.' Ad-
- vertising rates o_ application, Up-tOrdate facilities
for the execution of all lai)ds of* book, job and
color work. Mail "orders receive' special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
i ■_. •-.. -'*■
.'  , „      .,.       J. W.' BENNETT, Editoi-., -
Telephone No., 48. -   .        Post-office Box No. 380
BUSTING THE STANDARD OIL
example,:because this is practically.the same-in"'
'"*"-        ,    .-   '"V... > '-»    ■---■■   •     •**• • V*1'-*  "■?"■'■".".,*       -'    •"*    '
everyvcity on this "continent." t    ;.   '.j    •-**  '■   " <-
£.''V--We are not actuated by any Hesire to blossom out
Tais "Moral TReformers," but-wish to' pqmt. out the
;lack of 'consistency "displayed.-by^p'plyiii'g-pnfr code,
"bf 'ethics to a*^-'indiyiduarand''supp6rting^an6ther
for' a community:'   "We know*-that some thin-skinh-"*
ed individuals may consider.iti'.bad form?'-to mention such distasteful subjects,jof .thiS,we care not" a
jot, oui' only norm is truth.-.'''..'..,.-. ■",,..*'       *. ,". .
■ In figuring up estimates of -pro'spective 'revenue
for the ensuing': year in order*to carry out,needed
municipaHmproveinents, sidewalks, sewerage, lighting; etc., the mbneys received from these unfortunate "women in the shape of, fines; in essence license's,
are an important "factor as an asset. '7   "    : " *
"We'do not delude ourselves tliat.any "reformation"
"TJ* DITOR1AL coimnent, ncVspapcr articles and
+-*   the gleeful expressions o£ individuals that the
Octopus is to be dismembercd'met wit ha brief but
fitting reply from Wall Street when this wonderful
. corporation was declared to bo a monopoly in restraint bf trade by an,advance of from J. to 2 points
y in securities when tlie stock market opened on the
'   lGtli of .lay.     Critics may assert,that this is pure
bluff, yet time will most assuredly demonstrate that
-" al) of thc time and energy11 expended in litigation is
for the purpose of deluding the common people that
they are o-f some importance and thus hypnotised
imagine that a great, victory has been scored over
'.'predatory interests."     The disciples of Barnum
"arc by no means a defunct species.    The Standard
•Oil by its systemiz'ation, its. elimination of waste energy and corresponding decrease in the cost of production symbolizes^the* natural trend of economics
and .its disintegration is as illogical as it is futile.  ,'
X3ALGARY EMPLOYMENT AGENT DOES  NOT
': LIKE ALIEN LABOR LAWS
A.CCORDING- to the Calgary Daily Herald-of
,the 23rd inst. owing to (he strict enforcement
of the Alien Labor Law complaints are being made
by'the employment-agencies of the difficulty in
getting men, and reference is made to tlio .men re-
-  cently stranded in Cranbrook,'  'We fail to-see how
praise .can begiven to the immigration' officials for
th. discomfortiire caused theso deluded job seekers,
as they must,have passed the officers at one of tlie
ports .of entry to Cranbrook; presumably Kingsgate.
over 50 miles-west, and if ordinary .vigilance had
been exercised the question arises How does if hap-
-pen if- they had the required $25 iu their-possession
.hat they were so soon without funds?- Immigration Officer Craig, of-Calgary, must'be somewhat of
can be effective just so.iong as the producing-causes'remain untouched,-and the only .reason
for calling attention to the matter at all is .to point
out the paradoxical positions created by tho application of a line of conduct from an individual and
the opposite one for a community. •' If a man commits a breach of civil law-he may be fined and the
sum turned into the public'coffer'as compensation
to society for'a wrong done to it. .If'a man steals
a sum of money and.is proven guilty, a lawyer,
knowingly accepting the proceeds ofthe peculation
is subject to .disbarment.        '.*'.■ "'  ."
No 'city would accept)' a portion* of the plundei
from a thief and yet accepts revenue-from such
cases as above, cited and-still permit them .to continue. 7 ; '""'" .   ,
th fe^N &D1AN mmm
■ •■-. ^.v.-v-rv-■*--■ "--".7/" -'—rTTT-": .-.7 yy-^&V'r&yw?
y     SIR EDMUND..WALKER, C.V.O., LkD..^- D.C.L.', PBESlOEKT^t'j: >:-V
*   *    i. 7 " '7'-'ALEXANDER ■ LAIRD," General ^anager^'-. ry 'V''.--. i
- -' ,*..,.; <..••, 7"*:!-* - 7-';   --••- •■ v7,'-'.-•-■     y^h^y 'jijyj
; •;;,  rest; i;$7,oop,ood
CAPITAt,> $10,000,000
_■*>.
THE SAVJNGS BANK^DEPARTMENT
of The Canadian.Bank .of^Commerce- will' receive deposits o_ '$i juid
,upwards, on which interest is allowed at current rates.-' There.isVno .
' delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the/deposit.; Small
deposits are welcomed.    ,       '. '* ;/" '"*.'7., . ;.:._.:. .*.»>»''.  *234'
-"Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more perso'ns,'to be .
operated'by any one ofthe number or by the survivor.,; A joint account ■;
of this kind saves expense in establishing the ownership^of the",money .
after death, and is especially useful when a man desires ito' provide.for'
. his wife,, or for others depending upon him, in the "event of his death.; ■
FERNIE   BRANCH     '- ■    .r -•:'.'_     L.  A.' Sv DACK," Manager!
A   FLAG  INCIDENT
THAT Pernie has been in.distress none can deny,
that tliere may be cases still .existing is highly
probable, but we question the advisability of flaunting tliis to.thc,breeze from the house'tops and'even
from .government buildings-*as was'so particularly'
noticeable on the 2-ith of May. '
;v Aiiy who doubt the accuracy of our contentipn
are requested'to look closely at. the .various flags
and then compare them "with* the following:
-   . "To fly the Union flag aright '      **•-
"  i. • In top staff corner place broad white."
The broader stripe of white should, always be
uppermost, vide "Spectator/! May 6, 1911.
-MENTAL. STRABISMUS
! STOVES! .5TOVK!
I        Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
| Vor Wood Burners, arid
I       )   '..:''       Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.  AGNEW & CO.,  ELKO
I-
I
'7¥"5ol^r~to sugg^"iniraTlli^liMd^f^
agency, could overcome the*difficulty by providing
thc necessary money to enable his, prospective job
takers getting past the immigration officials. Compliance with .lfe above suggestion would mean to tlie
■ gentlemaiv.-who states that'.ho wants 1,000* laborers
.for,bush'work an outlay of $25,000 dollars, in which
event there _s' not'thc least doubt, that, he would
have no difficulty in securing the requisite number.
: It would be interesting to know where these, laborers for-the bush are to be shipped to. as we do
not know of. aiiy large tracts of timber within hundreds bf milerof Calgary, and wo have not heard
of any shortage in British Columbia, where
w.U'ps *i''c paid, -   *
'• The (trouble with the:employment agent "is tl.itt
1 ■   S. _ ,' '    i **, ' * '  '   ,
he ('*spo*tf- Hint men ought fo be forth conn ii},' ns
soon ns lie puts the notico upoif his bulletin board
wliich Owing to the transitory character (>■*' mnny
occupations tliey may often bo diffioult'.to procure
at once. Perhaps some brilliant'scientist may devise a scheme for cold storing men during the dull
seasons;of the" year, putting them on the mat-kit
liko other commodities whon' there i.s a call.
1V1IUJ
WRONG POR AN INDIVIDUAL, BUT RIGHT
POR A COMMUNITY
Big Addition to tho Oity Ooffors—DenizonB of
Underworld Pay Finos In Polico Court
"Tlioro wns a-full grown clean up of overy
■.hint in lhe'cily,last night Hint was known to he
of a (li-sroputuhl-.  cliaracUf, and this morning
' tweiUy-six.of lhe denizens of lhe underworld appeared to answer m chiu'i'i.-H preferred against
,thcm undor tho city by-law governing disorderly
hoasps.    It was a brilliant array that faced tho
' magistrate.   In fact jt wns a regular reception.
Seven of the keepers wore present in the pi-rsons
of Frimkie Berry, Ktlit'l'l*-.illor, Koro Russell, May
Howard, .May Roinhnrt, TClh<-l   MuDonalil   and
Rose Wayne.     Tliey wero oach soaked "•J-S.'i and
and cosls, nnd the inmates of whom' there were
' twenty, paid over $10 nml cost« on cm-li count.
Tlu* cily tii'iisury is about \\~iD to the good iih a
re-nili of the night's performance,"
THK above appeared in Tlie Lethbridge Herald
of tlie IHtli insl., imd furnishes food for reflective minds to ponder over,nnd while so .doing it
is safii to asMiin. tha In the thought will present itself
IN the report of'the Provincial Board-of Health
'/just* to hand, addressed by its Secretary,-Dr. C
jr/Fagaiito'the'Ilon. Dr. Young, Fro viriciaU Secre
tary we note the ioiiowmg"T)n page _j;d.
~- "At.the present day antitoxin -is- a'.commercial
article, aiid naturally the producers,* agents, and
subagents look for their percentage "of profits. Such
conditions are to"be regretted'.the article being too
essential,to" the community to be made a means of
money-making.-, Experience has taught us that
small doses'of antitoxin are ineffective as a cura-
tiye. * The successful rule is—large doses repeated.
The cost;of sueh treatment is heavy and doctors
hesitate to press for it, because of expense/'' (The
black letters are ours.) '     '   *,
* ,-r     i •*". • ,'
The.learned gentleman recognizes the importance
of'this serum as a "curative likewise its status as a
commercial article and in,.tho latter capacity realizes that it must be sold for profit, thereby militating against the liberality of its uso,in thc minimizing of tlie dread disease. This he regrets because
of its value to tho'community.  .".,''.
WJicro is tho sense of regretting existing conditions while supporting or condoning a regime that
breeds them?
Why* grumble or cavil at tho high cost of treatment of a.drug only neededr(it irregular intervals
and closing the eyes to the more important and
constant needs of humanity ¥ AVhy limit tho,radius
of mental vision to one's own'profession or trado
and remain oblivious to those beyond its circle?
> It'is far moro important that mankind should ho
well .kept physically and mentally than that be-
cause of a failure to do so disease is contracted and
resort to drugs imperative.
"Ono ounce of prevention is worth a pound of
cure." The physician, proud of his profession,
sees his efforts handicapped, reaches' thc conelu-
sion that so important nn article as anti-toxin
should ho taken out of tho realm of profit,
As a psychological 'study it would ho highly interesting .to observe the mental menndorings by
which a principle applied to that which immediately affects tho ogo is not equally applicable in
other spheres of activity.
Note the tone of pessimism contained in tho sen-
ten*-_; ' .Wtors hesitate to press it, because of ex-
pimsc," which amplified into brutal frankness
menus—tlontli ensues frequently becnum* the doe-
tor's, abilities aro nullified owing to 11 io cost of
medicine—i.e., drugs cost money, human life is ho
cheap thnt it must    he   sacrificed   rather   thnn
whnt pecttlinr people there nn** in this world nny-l ,'*uv"'41 B"U("*' -»*•»*'«''•
WHilq bri Strike   r:;&2\
aa^^mm^^^^m^i^m^^^^^^^^mmm^m^aimmaaa^maaaaaamaaaaammm^imm^i^
Buy a Fruit Ranch
i}" . and OwnYqur job
'   We can sell you 10'and 20 acre tracts oh the Bast'
, shore of Kootenay Lake which* if'you take'care of.--
,   for five.years it will take care of you for the rest of
■ '.,-your,-days. We'have t^wo' excellent sub-division.} ou
the East,side of the Kootenay Lake; one half-mile"
- from post office, .store and steamboat landingrex-
celent land and easily cleared and "well watered;.'
.    easy 'terms; special inducement to families with"
schoolchildren.   ■    ,,.'""     ..',-   v    -•'.'■*,     '.
- t-.:;'i.,'4.i';1   .     -^   *''   ' ,   Apply.',.";"----' '-.";.'""   -
* ; <,-:, *. t :    -   .       '■■.,.
Lindsay Launch; & Boat Co.
■*-.-.,'*•""  • . * -        \ -. •„ /*   - *-'',        ■ ,
/ .     Room 8, Griffin Block, Nelson^ B. C7,
".>, \
ge
. '"Advertisements' generally "contain a promise
of youth, and this may be the reason'why, they almost invariably catch the eye of the gentler sex..
Do Ypyx Want   Youth?
, .      !     * l-i* -.     ■ • ' '* •   .'.
* * - *'   If you must adopt modern methods which enable
•' yo'u*to work without worry and'so expediously that
. your leisure hours are. .therefore increased—YOU
WILL LOOK BETTER, PEEL BETTER, and DO
, BETTER WORK, IF YOU USE A
Radiant Electric Iron, weight 6 lbs
Price $6.00
(r .   	
Hardware  J,  Dt   QUAIL   Furniture
wny
An individual who we'tvc**. monev from n I
Conl ih no oKHi-ntiiil to .itiiimnity that mini'H siioulu
denizen of tho thc underworld derived from-illicit i he owned by the government and oprented with
practices is linhle upon ronviition to the ini|ioMti(.ii!tli<> nnriwoMt marfrin of profit hii.vh the public
of n hoavy fine nnd likcu*isc iu*a';ird.-d ni u Iniituiuj npirited (!) citizen who hn« uo interi-Ht in the i>onl
onlenst. Thai thin in HUtlc jii.nt hut few mny ■dcny.H'.iiustr.. H«Jirn»«in *Wnii.i wc owjico uy iht- go*
The keeper of a'feitco." or one who r'ecciv.s stolen wrnment, «nv8 tho shipper, whoso material inter-
tftuuh knowing,them to be stolen, is considered nu <*>■»« nm nffccled by the 1il«li rates of triiiiNpnrtn*
neefssory aflor lhe fa.-t, wi-.Milij--. u. tin* ln\v'« ti'>»* P««<1 »»<1 «holt<r ntxyn Hie povorly-Htricken
decrocH.' He it« put not uf hiMiws*. A eniiiuntnity; sli'mld not b<> ho ..fell, nnd.it is wron»r for one Het
xsVm-Sl i,\.t..Vt,h r.*. -i.,.-- fi.,i.. ii ti.aT..- tlmt 1*h* im!»f indiviiliwU to have, thc powor -if life and death
Klnlutory rfeltt to exist is -jivni n headline notice! ovor his Mlnw lirinftff.
{.'!tifiiiii»l.v itckmmli'ifeinir ivn'|.i of a ••J'.iir Ail- Fnllnw iln- story through thr- whnlf jrnmnt, and
diti«n Ut the f*i»y f'offon*.*' mill "du-('ily tiva«iury although th<* lext diffont tin* tune h practically
h fiho'tt **-t."0 to flip irond :i-* n n--tilt nf tin- mulit'x idenfical. Tf fho profit- nyittctn he deemed ' .nh|iM-
pcrfiiriiinnei'." i tions" in one in-itance it i* likewise so in nil. Thir. is
\\> do not jiinule out _.-*0.|,r_i||_y a** an 'tirrihlellarcely n -fpicsitton of wltone ex is (tored.
Rolling Up a
Fortune
In renl cHtnto Ib noi ofton a
imittci' ol' 1 licit, U'b n qitOBllon
of ItnowloilRo nncl for-oBlglit,
r>e*i. r-CTATC V-M UF«
nvc mn- vjicrliillty. ' Wc will njv
palsri liiij- jiait-oJ )*ou think of
l»ijlnK for a motlcrato f«x>.    But
youM bettor lot ub linndlo tho
wtmlo tfi-iiuiiottftti Ttion vnn'XX
hnvo the tic-noflt ot all our know*
l<*(li;o nnd oxporlonco In addition tr-,,)-.)!!!* own.
M, A. KASTNER
Insurance     Real Estate
LEDGER ADS.  For Business
CLUB
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale nntl Retail
Tobacconist
. ■ /
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coftee and Sandwich
Counter
ii
Hazelwood Buttermilk
wammummmmmmiu
Viotoria Avenue
PERNIE, B.C.       Phono 3*.
,:7- " •"'*'_•■ 7 *;:->**■.'"--i**----*.->-£.>■■%■■-•",■■;- .*- vJ7.7 :-''"**i -y '"'
"'  ~ ~'   '   ' r i, •      • —■ "" -   ' -
-'• -(  -■*' .:**."?.
'%yy^y-hyyj:-}y
'• -A .-. .+ •"-.---■^'* Ml .-*.,
SHOW THAT  DIFFERS
■--   -;  -   •*.".■.•■    -;.•..:-*---■■ 7*..-,."/-./'V1'^VA-f.* ~*_i."■*■•'■•-. yyr
■^~""'"~^«-'''^^—-—-^—i«—^—-^W**-*^!P7^^"""— ,
fry
r >.
y ' i
2 Petforniances--2 U p.oi
G.  BARNES
Big Three-Ring Wild Anima
4,.y.
I,
t
"   v      r,
•i, .*., i i
■* ■■-" ."^r_
**'t*
■yrii
yy-.
v.' -f
..    •
'-.'■■ *t«<
-ta
Twice as Big: a Show-.Twice the Animals
7 {y as was shown last, season 1"     •   ,/
MGROU PS of SAVAGE BEASTS Q (\
yy;L ; IN,SAi.|jt^T^pN
Two Big Bands Parading
BRING  ALL THE  CHILDREN
Fernie
yii\
-fi
n
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
".'-•'' "'-,'"'      '■"■     ' '     '"   */'-'       '."•**•
And  Nothing but the Best In Fresh
.7 and   Smoked    Meats,    Fresh    and
! Smoked Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry
•Etc. Etc.. go to -7;r
*V ' ,   >   - y
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
1 v 7 * ■'•
,r SAM GRAHAM, Manager —' PHONE,41   , \
-4" '  >V
■_
1
CE. LYONS
\ '     ' i
Insurance, Real Estate
^nd Loans    1
Money to Loan on fir^t class Business and Residential property
i"
JEFF
The Jeweler-That's All
i ' i    • t
Right on the corner
j
eir'elrlr. Clyhtrd" ' filcam _«*Ud
       CENTRALLY LOCATED
I    i  '   . ■ ,
The Waldorf Hotel
<   FERNIE,  B.C.
First.Class Accommodation for Travellers
7 MRS. 8, JENNINQ8, PROPHIETRE83
Hot nnd Cold W»ter L. A, Mills, Manager
ajiilO'ilijIBXBwBi'O
)il
*'<'
LEDGER ADS PAY
'?■.
li
3****.
^ -*      -   _ —
■SV->-     '
-T**";i
ISP
THE"DISTRICT^ LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C* MAY.27,19_1
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PAGE   FIVJB
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'". 66ALr
CREEK  BY ,174 ■,
J:' ♦ ♦♦>;♦•«*.;♦♦♦ «.'<». «..*;
:"    --The'.lev.'E. L.', Best- and Thomas
■■ '.Reid returned:from'the.Methodisteon-;
*. ference Iast\Friday,.'eveniiigi.'- after
...   spending**"*!- very ^enjoyable" butibusy
. •   timV.in.yaiicpuver".yv On "Sunday, May
',_ "28th; Jlr.j-jBest .will preach his farewell"
'-'■ ^sermons'.*-*- -. MoYnihg service at* 11 a.m.
'. 7 and  evening*, servjce at ..7 ' p in.".   . A'
-. 7 hearty, ^invitation Is'extended-io all."•
*:'_,,, On Tuesday evening". May CO,-"which
'',* ; will ..be the .pastor's last* night in. Coal
,r Creek; a "Song Lecture" willbe given
by the choir, entitled^. "Flowers' from
"• l the'" Garden • of„ Sacred  Song.','  ,   The
'lecture will.be illustiPated by nearly
twenty selections from ..various hymnals and. song* books in  tlie  form of
choruses, - solos" and" quartets.
- Lecturer, Rev.* E. L. Best:   Chair to
v ,..be taken* at .7.30'p.m."by-Rev. P. Cou-
; >ai.>. -,  -.;J•.'■,■'"" n ■'    ,". ' {:
,   Choir leader,  Mr. TV".  Philiips;  or-
'* ganlst  P.' Gaskill."     Everybody  wel-'
;•"'"-  come.*-' ,'.'     .- ■ 7*, 7    "*'"     '- "
-.7.' "Mr. -John ' Shanks returned .thorne
'-' froni Michel last- Saturday evening. .'
Vi Arklas Pratt/John English and Sam
"■ -'■'Clarke'left2here -Wednesday .morning
_    for. a trip to the coast district.V * "-,*•*''
• -,-' ■;.- Last .Monday -'afternoon the •- Draeger
'.,apparatus' was'sent for from.Michel]
' j/It-was taken from here to Fernie in
.."the .caboose-arid .thence on to Michel
,-.by;express'coach. _'•• Mr. Dudlev-.Mlc.
. .' Jiel, ;was in charge -. of -the apparatus
,-all 'the-way   through   and ■ .returned
■ home on Tuesday' none the worse for
,   his journey.   ., ,- ;- -.,r*7 .-, '"",     ,"'
M. D. McPanneir paid a visit .to. his
' wife-arid family at-Lethbridge; return,.
, ing here • on Friday. -   .-*."' ,4
'•   .   Albert Pierpoint an old Creekite, but
.now residing- at ..Michel, was visiting
-friends rip_iere "last week.'   . •*>.
.' - Sirs] Ross, the mother of Mrs.' Dr!
*" ; Workman,'; is .* here pn  a visit'from
y ' New-Westminster.   -  7 -■■/
..,,•*-_ ; Bom.at^Coal Creek on Victoria Day
;.  to"'Mr. arid Mrs. Bernard Caulfield, a
- ,'fine  daughteV. *' *- Mother,    and*' • child
'"..doing 'well/-1'. J,        *" '   ." ,-' ■ -,_ '.;'
Mr.,and ^Mrs.    Robtr   .Fairclpugh;
i
Joseph'and-John-Hewitt, and Harry
..Latham*visited Elko.'on.the 24th.
...Mr. F..H. .Shepherd, Chiefs Inspector
of .Mines,* paid, a  visit- up '^ereJjojL
\T^i7s^yyy^y^{i^yj'\ yjy\
-\ ."Another enjoyable social /.was' .held
.in the' Club,HaJl last-Tuesday evening."
Muse was.-"supplied by'Mr/C'. Percy
\?._J.? __*-.• * .-■*!."-"-'. %•** "•-'„•*•--•>.
, l',*A. grand* concert -will Be given "ih
the. Clubv Hall 'next*'Monday, evening"
by. tlie New 'Male',Voice' party,;;. Chair
to\ be taken "at' 8 o'clock by Mr,*'* J.
', Shanks.,,   Admission'- by-collection;
','. * Jpe Goupel, who hands around the
mutzlne at the'.Waldolf Hotel", Fernio!
-was-visiting a fe.w. friends up'here on
Th'ursda yev'enlng.- ■ *,'',,
Mr." Adam AVatson paid a,visit to
Hosmer. on Wednesday. ' , -'
. An-invitation: was sent to'.the.Creek
'football team to vlslb Cranbrook on
the'24th nnd play a friendly match
wltli" the • Cranbrook team," whicli resulted, in'a draw. ,Tho Creek'team
was-as-follows: 7 T. Banns (capt.),
goal; P. Hesketh, W.' Parnell, bnckB.
Jolson, -ABlic'roft, Manning,, Booth," for-
Jolsor, Ashcroft, Manning, Booth, forwards,     Linesman, Robt. Samson.',.
W. Mazery.Robt. AdnmBon; .T,' McPherson, > B. W. Hughes, J, Logan accompanied the team down and had a
very enjoyablo time, The above team
will visit Michel on Saturday to play
tliolr first loaguo fixture.
, Mr. Bruin, down by tlio rock cut, Is
still causing lots of oxcltomont, sovor
. al local sportsmen staying down there
nil night, .Too Allan and Co. woro
also up from Fornio, but the boar
Is *not oaught yot,   ,
secured".a -position to her liking. "This
makes, the fourth' young ■ lady, \dj leave
for-that*'town in a inorith/.',/",'"f   *
Mrs. Win,- Morgan,and family arrived
in.qamp; pri^ Tuesday' morning's .train
from .Wales: Bill was" highiy^delighted
at "'having, his-family once .more- with'*
him. ,- **-~, , *,_■*,, . ,7-""".'-'"7**.*', -
. Michel .Local ^Union "passed a hearty
vote of thanks 'to'Mr/Thomas Crahan
for*his.kindness -in'lending _his,,'store
to.h'e "members', also for the grand.donation of a-car of flour.', Also'to the
Trites-Wood .Company and Mr. Stewart
for the.use of the'team.and the various
.ways in which they, have helped the
'miners out". '-'   J.   - " '.  ■   •"-,■
' The Misses Jenklnson' left Tuesday
night for Lundbreck on ' a visit to
friends. -We hope their sojourn there
may be a-pleasant .one.,    ■
7 * Michel v.lj'rank   ' ""
'On Saturday la'st'Michel played tlieir
first' match, when Frank were the visitors,- In the Crow's -Nest Pass League
engagement. ' Great Interests was taken inthe'matcirand the Frank team
were hopeful of lowering the .colors
of last season's champions' of tlie' league cup' and medal holders.-' Both
club's had elected their strongest possible'sides for the event. - • ' ■
', Michel—J Raynor, goal-'Sam-Moores
and H. Evans/backs/ Jack Ferguson
(capt.)', W. • Wliitehouse,. J. - .Watson,
fialves; *W. Grant," F. Beddington', 6.*
Millett, H.Brown, S. Weaver, forwards.
'- Frank—S Paton, goal;' Jim McGechie
,(capt.);.H.' Love, backs;* T. Baedsby,"-J.
'.Quinty J.VKennedy, halves; *W. Miller,
B.'G. Cooper," E. Smith,.T. Chambers,'
H.'G. Fraser, forwards. * ••- - '. - J
. Referee:'. Mr. J. McLean, Coleman:* '■
s. . c . 1
"Michel won the toss and Smith kicked off towards New Town. Michel
pressed Immediately, and Millett, getting, position,- worked through the-.visiting defense and passed'nicely-to Beddington, the latter,shot, but only for
Paton to put-oyer; the-crossbar. The'
corner kick was-cleared by-McGechie,
wlio sent the ball to Chambers,, who
set the-, forward wing "in'motion, and
some pretty .passing was' witnessed,
Chambers'getting a"favorable.position,
but .shot .-'wide.- ''From, the goal kick
Micliel forwards-attacked, and Millett
got .possession,*, beat the defense and
"scored-with, a terrific, drive .which gave
Paton no.-chance to save. ; "After this
•*•>♦♦♦•» .♦*-♦* *♦*>>'♦,.♦ >: ♦
♦ *■""* *s   .'.!■' *.<$'-.ft''-.y'.    '♦
♦ ..  "    HOSMER  NOTES/ ♦
♦ k      By i'Kritik.".    , . .--     ♦
♦--. ;     ■/■ {':.y•*'-"*'*y -V
♦.♦-'♦ ♦ ♦'♦. ♦♦;♦.'♦ ♦'■♦ ♦
•'Mrs.' Cornett, mother *of, our local
undertaker, Mr. Labby, arrived' on Wed
nesday- and- has taken; housekeeping
rooms' fbr'a' sojourn of,a""few months
in this locality.     ,.      ■';.;'•  ,*'*.',
Messrs.-Cole and Edwards are busily
engaged tbuilding a settling tank'near
the/tipple.  7      "*- ?   "•   . -'
Among the'visitors* to" Fernie "last
Saturday were Mrs. Chas. Smith, H,
Allen", J. McNiel, airs., Wm. Dalling
and Mrs. J. Grant.
, ■ Misses- Blanche and Laura Labelle
visited their., grandma; Mrs. Lake, in
Fernie Sunday'last.     -.    ^   ,^
Miss Chrissie Pjtblado^was the,guest
of Mrs..Dr.- Barber in Fernie recently
and v/hiletheve purchased her ticket
.for Scotland, and when in' the. old
land intends' to visit' London during
Coronation week., -.
- The fortnightly dance held last Tuesday "adds another notch to' the number
of successes scored. There was a large
attendance,' music was all that could
be desired and the dancing continued
until'1 a.m.
*. Mrs. Orr who has been 'an inmate of
the Fernie Hospital for several weeks
past is back home again much-."improved in -health, -whereat her .many
friends are 'well .pleased.
Two representatives of the Armour
of Canada, Messrs. Maddison, of Coal
Creek, and Mr. James Miller, of Fernie,
Were in'town'this week in connection
with the,beef industry.
' Mrs. H. Allen and Miss Jeanriette
McNeil of Corbin were visiting friends
here riday and Satudray last. *
' Mr. J. K.*- Miller arrived home from
Edmonton Thursday last;
IVJr. C. Martin,'of.Toronto,'who;has
been-making" a" trip through Canada,
stopped off on his journey between
Prince Rupert arid Caig'a'ry, and was
the guest of Mr/and Mrs. A. B. Campbell Friday last. '-Pie-expressed himself
as* well pleased^ -with .his: trip and, is
riow .on^ his"homeward journey," thus
finishing, a! "most".enjoyable . three
months' ^vacation. '' ■--. "■ '
. . Mr." arid*-Mrs'. Rogers "who have been
aw-ay'to.7_>_^Pcbu_ver_"a,ttending-the-Me^
■Ffarik'tried _iardTto equalize; but they
* ,1.   *i -**•_ , t '     , .    J *   '1
were not allowed to go.very ..far,-for
theMocality of thejr goal, arid.,barely
five* minutes from the 'start loud
"shouts acclaimed ''first' goal, for' Cole-
irian. , Bellevue put forth ^'some fin-^
work in their,effort to„e"qualize"mat-
ters.-; Emerson reversed the location
of^the sphere by a.well, judged long
kick and the forwards after' some excellent combination play resulted in
a ■ corner kick, but the assault was
splerididly "combated and strenuous
Work:* marked this .stage'of the game.
Filially Frustram secured the, ball, and
after a great spurt passed very neatly
to Crowther,' who landed the/leather
between the posts,* thereby making
honor's even.' Play* resumed, Fraser
and Hunter showed some excellent,
footwork, and then passed to Easton
who unfortunately made a mull ^ In
front'of the goal, missing the'opportunity of .dding another to Coleman's
score?     •• • •    *
Wall work" is entitled to a word* of
praise for'the'manrier in which he put
ini some fine centres, - although they
could not be scored frorii, and at half
time-it. was Coleman. 1, Bellevue .1.
Half.time over it was' soon-noticeable
that'both teams had practically reached the'* end of their .resources, an-i
although there*was some smart play
shown by. the Bellev.ue'backs, \ tlie
whistle sounded for cessation* with no
change1, as, the first, game ended in'a
draw. -
1ckkit*1r**-k**1t-k-k*-k1t-k-*k4(ic***i\
* '." .      *
* Letters To       *
| ,    The Editor *
xjf^^^;*^^^^^^^^^^^.^^^
,' The editor is   not   responsible for
articles that are sent in.
thodist conference" for" the past two
weeks, .reached home on Sunday last'.
«► ♦ <► .«, ♦ ♦ ♦ + «.••>-*•»_»
" ♦ ♦
♦ MICHEL NEW8 ♦
♦ By »*Krlme«." ♦
♦ '.*... ♦
♦ ♦■♦♦♦'•♦♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦
MoHHrs. G. N, Hornlclo, l_l. 8, Pommo,
13, WflRtior, W. A. Stootstor, J. h, Kirk-
, land mid W. L. Wldlor, of Clovoland,
,;nro vlHltoifl nt,tlio Hotol Michel, 011
routo for Iron Crook, Mile lllvor Vnllay,
to look at thoir coal proporty In that
plnco.
No, 8 Mlno was discovered to bo on
flro on Miunlny mornhiK. tho nth inst.,
and efforts to roach tlio nffoctml pnrt
of tho nilno woro not successful until
tho 20th, whon Instruction*-: woro glvon
by Mr. Shonhord, Chlot Mine Inspector, to soal up tho mlno. . This will
bo for a period of throo months at
the Michel defense was perfect.* • The Mr. Eby did not come back as he has
home team were now playing a far .better game':than their.'opponents, ami
onlyfftie "'g&oa\ play of'Mcbe'chie arid"
Love prevented further score.,,_ A foul
against" Whitehouse. just outside the
penalty.; line caused .anxiety, but, McGechie shot wide.  ,. From the goal kick
T. Chambers secured and'gave a" well-
timed passed' to Cooper, the ■' latter
equalising.' '       \\   Jt.   ,     ,,-*.' .'' •
Half,time—Michel, 1; Frank! l:, •
', Millett restarted for Michel and sent
the ball  out to Weaver,' the • latter
making a fine run on the .left wing,
and a well-placed contro gave Brown an
opportunity to score.     His shot was
turned "over the line by Paton; and a
corner   resulted.     Tho   corner   waa
cleared with some troublo, Millett having hard linos In heading the ball against' the, crossbar.     Chambers , and
Smith camo, Into prominence, with- a
delightful burst that troubled thohomo
defence moro than a littlo and a corner
was forced, but this was cleared, and
with rare dash tho homo forwards onco
again got within shooting rango and
a corner kick followed, which  was
well,plncod by WatBon;  Paton, howovor, In trying to clear, turnod the ball
Into his own not thus giving "Michel
tho lond.   "Frank tried hard to'equal-
lie;" buts thq. defence was sound.   ■
-. Final hcoro—Mlchol, 2; Frank 1,
Coal Crooli will play horo Saturday
arid a'llvoly gnmo. Is expected, . Tho
team to play Is as follows: .T. Htiynbr,
goal; S., Mooros, II .TQvans, bucks; J,
Ejorguson (capt.), W. Jonklns, J, Watson, halves;, \V, Grant, F, BoddlnKton,
R<.v..Gop. Mlllott, H..Browri, S, Woavor
forwards,',''.' '• - > ' "
; Tho rosult of tho hnaoball match bo-
tweon Blairmore and, Mlchol was 7 to
5 In •favorot tllalrnioro, .
, Harry. Pryo'r has just rolurnod ifrom
ii huntlnn trip up Wilson Crook, Harry
voports,boars csarco,.porcuplnos plon*
tlful.   '.,',.■ *     ,    -, . i
. Hntn. hnil or snow, Mlllott and Mc*
b'onn nro visitors horo ovory Batur*
day from Flncli, ,.
Mr.. Jnmes Davidson pnld a visit,to
Cnlgary Wednesday night, returning on
Snturdny night. , Jlm ■ reports things
flourishing ln that part of tho country.
'Owing to a .ypoqrnphlcal error* In
last week's notes the word.V.vVaistt"
..«* ..i«Jv«_unity pnncea "w«iton."
,'T. Haines and_McHunter have returned froin their trip to the,, western
cities, which both report having'great-
ly enjoyed, although tlie pleasure 'was
somewhat marred by rain. Tom tips
the beam 10 lbs. more than when he
left for' the excursion.  '
W. ,K. is a great believer in the
figure* 7. Seven, years ago lie came to
Canada; -7 months ago he started to
build a house, and it will be 7"weeks
before his wife can sail fro:n Liverpool, and 7$ a .day won't look bad when
it appears on the statement beside
which tliere , is a beautiful piece * of
poetry entitled, "We are Seven." N.B:
—He is from the*Red Rose (not Nose)
county.;-.*•■     ■   ,. ..'  j,
Owini. ,'to,the large cbnsigninents of
the beautiful; that .have fallen lately
the F.'0"!'E. picnic has been postponed
until  July ,'ist   ,  . - 7. ,.
"..FACTS. WORTH   KNOWING
To the Editor, District Ledger.
, Dear -Sir,—Please allow me space in
your ,valuable paper to "enlighten the
public as to what brutal methods are
used in the Clty"of Fernie to destroy
dogs.   ■-■.■'
A few days ago one of our city officials empounded a dog ' In the ■ city
pound, situated by the river side in
West'Fernie."",        '    '
Chief of Police, Clerke resorted" to
a revolver 'to destroy the" unfortunate
creature. Standing -on- the; bridge,
,some few,yards away,, the chief shot
and shattered half the poor creature's
tongue, and the door not being secured
allowed it to get at large, bleeding profusely from the mouth, and laying
around the streets for two'days * afterwards. ' „
■ Dr. Anderson, the Medical Officer
for Health for the district! on .being
informed of-the above, at "once took
steps - to investigate the .report, with
the result that an effort, was made by
the. officials to recover the-dog. Eventually it was -found in the north-east
end o'f the city.and taken away and
destroyed..-       "' '
. This is a case for the s!',P. C. A.
officers to. investigate,* and it" is .a
breach of regulations and a disgrace to
our city: which' should b^ brought to
light at once. • ■ .■
..Thanking you, Mr. Edjtoiv
WILLIAM JACKSON.
ni-jht; and as t&y belong to' the same
licicn in Monti eal as the strikers here
the Montreal local will be taxed thsir
expense*.. .* If appears that tbey were
offered 50 cents an hour, the pay that
the strikers are holding out for, but on
learning-of'the" state'of affairs' they
refused to work.
so:
COTTAGES
Chimney   Blocks
4 in! SEWER PIPES
GENERAL CONCRETE WORK
Get Our Prices
* "!      .    —
W.        M.  .DICKEN. *
How' About that Drain?
been transferred to, Creston.
Mr. 'Kidney!.of Bankhead, is ..visiting
his friends "Mr., and Mrs. D. G. Wilson.
- Another prowler aroundrHosmer has
met his fate.' Mr. Record, a French
lumber ,jack, bowled"'■pver a. monster
sliver tip bear last Monday.
Several of oiir young people took in
the- excursion to Elko on the 24th
Among them'were Mr. and Mrs. Thomp
son; Misses Marx -and Drummond,*
Messrs. Mara, Drummond, - Stockett,
Watson, Kelly, Joe and Stewart 'Fletcher. . . :,
• Mr. arid Mrs. Kennedy, of Fernie,
woro the guests' of 'Mr. -Hartley Sunday last. 1                          .,    '      ,
A Russian, with a namo wo cannot
pronounce, while nt work'near tho Government bridge removing logs from
the, bank of tho rivor, had the, misfortune to get his leg brokon.       , *
During, tho moiith of April .there
wero 18 school days and we give'below n list of tho most 'regular attendants .In *tho different'classes.
'., Senior divlsIonr-A; Aubrey Davl£
toaohoiy-IV. Bosslo' Loadboater, 18;
Saxon Kearney and Stewnrt Fletcher,
IC'oach. III. Joseph Tortoralll, Janios
Millar, Mary Millar 17 each," Grotta
Rankin 10V_ Doreon Kearney 16, - II.
Gladys Thompson and . Maggie Load-
beater 18,oach. Alfred Vnllee, neither
late nor absent, 18, Jack Miisgrovo 17'4
.Tonny Straohnn 17. I,-~-Cora de Laur-'
ler,.nelther late nor absent,18, Annlo
HoritBOhoI, Leonard Ayre 18 each,
Christina Krlsh 17'/., Wm. Robertson
ancl Annlo Poblolanclk, 17 eaoh.
Junior DivlBlon—C. D. Y. Plthlado,
L.L.A.', teacher. ' Opon 17 dnys, Class
A.—Sldonla Poblelanolk and Ralph
Tortoralll 17 eaoh, neither late nor Absent, , Laddlo KrlBli, Blanche Lnbnllo
17 onch, Jnmes Bonnott, Annlo Korr,
Floronco Millor 1G onch.
Class B.—Wlllle Rogers 17,'Frod Ho
Lourlor,  Mnry Jnno  Parkin,  Ilnzol
Vnlloo 10% ench.
CIn.B  C—Cnmpboll  Ewy was  lho
host nttondnnt with H% to IiIb credit,
Class D—Antonln**'Podblelanclk neither late nor'absent 17, Theodore Vol*
Ino 10.
"^Some-ofoui;'eitizens"*have~Dereir3SKT
ing ;us * if' the" "band. slept in', or *■ have"
their instruments' refused to operate,
as thoy did not make their appearance; lis' expected^ Saturday , last- to'
make-"the- season's"--«etart in- musical
"h-iatterS.'" -"' , .      *  .,
-»♦♦*»♦♦♦♦»»♦♦♦»•»•*»♦
Michel, B. C, May 5, 1011
Editor, District Ledger;
pear Sir,—Will-you kindly answer
through the columns of (he Ledger
what has become of the ciio wherein
Harvey Brown and Crow'.. N'est Pass
Coal Co. were proseciite.l foi* violation
of the B.' C. Boiler, Act? " Has the
coal" company been successful in punch
ing a-hole in'this boiler act?   ,;
■   'n
u _
T. W. davies
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Coleman,
•-it**-***** *** *••***•••****•**
"HAVE A GLASS'
. ''.'It will do you good, and besides it
isn't always you're invited to test a
superior brand like this.'
There's no gainsaying but what the
., .
1 ., SUPERIOR'WINE      ;-
o.       "*" ' '
sold here,is a 'genuine builder up of
tbe system. . Claret, punches' or sherry
cobblers riiade from" wine sold here are
simply irresistabfe. * For all' kinds of
wine buy from us.
WARDNER
By LesM.
;'"-' A SUBSCRIBER.
(Reply.—Thi,s case has not been determined but we understand that Boiler Inspector Sutherland, in conjunction
with the coal company will.take such
measures in the premises conformably, to the, provisions of the Boiler Inspection Act. As soon ns this is definitely-settled we -will report same
through these columns.)
—THE-POLLOCK-WiNE'COMPANY"
Fernie, B. ,C.
s
I M G E R
E W I N €_
MACHINE   CO
n
WM.     BARTON
Agrent   Fernie   Branch
■i
Pellatt    Ave.    North
»»¥¥¥¥¥ »»¥AMM^-¥-»»¥ -**^-»¥***M**-y**H*-
When YonV^'aat pr,utlDS;  .°"
-_ .,- nunb^oou print
ing.   Tlmt's the kind -vu do, and,, i fc tho
right prices.     Give the home printer the
'samo ciianctryo**. won 3 ask for "tlTo horoa
mcrch/vnfc-7-trade at homo.   ,.'       >' . -   * ,,
lonst,
■8omo sny  that' this  dlsnBtor -whb', Ther,-? Inlier an- not kepi ... iiiir., but,
,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
-*•  ' *m
♦ .   COLEMAN NOTES BY 22      ♦
caiiBod by tho company trying to econ-
amlHo by laying off tho flromon at
tho No, 8 fan bollera nnd trying to
got tho fnn men to run nnd firo na woll.
Thin two of thn union rn-r-Ti rofimod
to do, hut tho othor, a man by tho
nnmo of Syms, flllod tho bill and oven
workod iloublo,shifts on It. Something
of this port occurred whon tho mlnos
woro Idlo In February. No, i fan
mon wero laid off and flro bosses put
to nm lho fnn ns they,wero snlnry
men, but the f-onsoquonco was thnt the
fun whh wrecked whon tho trouble had
been settled and the mlno could not
ho operated for some days owing lo tho
breakdown. Penny wise, pound fool
Ishf
of tho former tbere li a tarne and yarl
ed ssiortinent from which sll young
men can intake s* splendid selection,
and In their efforts to make suitable
c!--yz !,'**3,"c .*.*.«-. *<_■.ci*. ^yunu Uoitt
willing to lend their aid. (Men culpa I
--Tho. Op.)
ONE GOOD'TURN
DESERVES ANOTHER
Mr. A.-Bonnmleo, of Frnnk, Alfn..
ono at tho partners fn tho Western
Qrooery Co., hnn hlwlly ditnnltid' fh.*>
use of store nnrt flx'ttirou to the
Dlstrfrt nt tho ahovo mentioned place,
lo bo xxetd as -commissary depot ror nil
th« camps In tho vicinity.    "Friends
In noed-are frli-nds Ind-vd,* and Ihi*
Miss  Polly Gregory has  left  this I courtesy will not bo fnrKollnn by Ihnte
viivuiV*) fur lUvels^oke, wher-e she hnsihpmnfUt'ng tliorofrom.'
♦ * ♦ * ♦*♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦*♦
Bellevue vs. Coleman
Tho op-nnlnK foolhnll mntch of the
-.,**.»,..,_  i,j.t, y.c]ilyii Oil TirtllllOrt>* 1 Iti010
ft lnrgo nnd'1 nppre<|ntlvn ,', a-i.lionfo,
both Insldo and ontnldo of tho pnrk.
Tho lino iip wns as follow 1: Co'o*
mnn—-McDonald, gonl; Bmorson nnd
McCulIoch, backsjPrnsor, Iluntor nnd
llatiRhfind, Imlvcu; WallwurU. J. Kill-
lock; Holmes, lSnston nnd llnrnos, tor<
wurrtn,
n..«Ilovue--FlHlmr, gonl;* I). DiiRsdnle,
T. DugBdnlo, backs. Miller. Ftvstram,
II. Jcpson, hnlvoH? Hrownrlgg. Crowlh
er, Rochester, Foster, Vnrloy, for-
ursnls,'
11e11«rno won thx. In** Iaa Dm -_tuti«
of ncilvlty wns qulrkly trfln*ferrixl lo
; The Kootenay Is rising and although
fly. fishing is."out of the .questioh the
river porpoises ure having a hiyu time
with the pine and tamarac.toothpicks
that tho Crow's Nest Lumber Co, Is
shaving ,,up in ' quick ^sticks for the
market,_    _ ' ...'    '
Otto Becker, from the town that Is
famous ns the placo wlioro the foundry
for steaks Is located, .Tamburg, near
Altoonn, Germany (not Pennsylvania),
will not only rnlso the birds that hide
their heads In'the Band, but likewise
will breed all kinds of poultry, bo that
we mny expect to eco flomo, of our
fnlr dnmsols In'the not distant futuro
1
disporting thomsejvea with plumos
from the ostrich,
,Tho wny Burns nnd Johnson nro
rushing tlio work on 'tho Kootonay
Central It will not ho long boforo, tho
whistle of tho toot-toot .will. resound
through the valloy, at- nny rato thero
Is now good ronHon to belle vo that
It will ho coVnploted botoi'o tho Pana
nyi Canal Is,.
Mrs. Bohnrt, who hns boon 111 for
some tlmo.nnst, wo nro glnd to roport
is now Iti,a convnloBcont Btnte nnd
able tb tnlto.n drivo occasionally.
The,flinging of tho choir at Wardner
church Is grontly appreciated by onr
townspeople
, Mr, Sinclair, who linn boon visiting
other iinrtH of tho circuit, Is brick ngnln
to dutlpfl horo.
■ Thin district Is cortnlnly 'coining
prominently to public nolleo, Komly
mndo fnrmn by P, T.unil, ostrich fnrm
by Beckor, nnd (i tlioronghbroil Perch*
eron horso "Hob Hoy" bolonglng to
flnm Ilnrrluon nre sufficient guarnnteo
of tho fnith thnt lho residents of tlilfi
district linvo In tho futuro of Warilnc.''
by.th. Wnter.
Mrs. JUiml nnd Mm, Qnffnoy nro
nivny visiting friends nnd rolnllves In
tho EftBt.
Under tlio nblo supervision of Mr.
Alv>>. C»iu|ibull, ine naw Uovernmont
rond In b-rlng put Into iirst class shnpn
nnd thoso delighting In good romls
to travel might mice n run down horo.
The Wnnlner Wnllripprs nnd txtr-
finJIoway Onllopers lmve n liaunlmll
tr>nm Awe], from wlikh'somo oxcollont
n.nterlnl ffiiild ho Sfloctod, nml no
doubt at somo tlmo In tlie future thoy
will ho honrd of nmong the ton-
Hoteliers. «
;   \  .  .., .   May 20th, 1_.11.- -
Editor,'District Xedger : ' , .-
, Dear Sir;—Just' got back from Edmonton ' to-day after an absence of
five weeks and consequently did not
see your letter of April 21st until looking over my mall,
In reference to a reported statement appearing in tho press that
when Interviewed by n representative
of ono of the Edmonton papers (I don't
know which) I am credited „jvlth say-
ing "Tho miners nre ready to go back
to work ns required by the Lemieux
Act-until a decision Is reached by tho
arbitrators, etc., otc." This' Is entirely Incorrect, What I did say, how
over, was: "Since the ml noro officials
havo decldod to npply for a Conciliation Board, ns provldod In tho Lemieux Act, lt la rumored that a vote on
tho resumption of work, ponding tho
findings of the arbitrator!), Ib to be
conslderod by all the local unions of
District 18, etc., otc." This Is somewhat different from tho published report nnd wns merely a repetition of
what was "street talk" at tho tlmo.
I did not notico the roport In tho
Edmonton paper ns tho matter of presenting a'now ngroemont on behalf of
tho employees In lho oloctrlcnl dopartmont of thq Albortn Oovcriimont wnB
occupying nil my attention.
This disclaimer Is somewhnt-Into,'
hut 1 hbpo tho llccordlng Chief will;
onmo tho black mnrk ugnlnRt tlio nnmo
of
Yours flinr-orr-ly,
WM. RYMONW8
ti* • W
Weber's
STORES
New Michel
& Blairmore
Grand Theatre. Fernie
27. HlBhfleld Hood,
Burrow-In*, urn-***.!*,. Ung,
■ Mays, l!»l I,
Mr. A. J. Cnrtor,
Deai- Sir, —- M|^ hitnhnml, A ninn
Ilnlloy, ago 40, nonrly (I foot, dnrk, loft
horo two yonrs ngo and slnco   thnt
tltno w*> linvfi tioi liftiri-i -f."-."-.. v.!*:'.. :._,,_
fonrlng thnt ho must hnvn mot vMMi
somo nccldont to prevent his writing,
ns lie wna a good fnthor, would ask
that you help us to find whnt hns bocomo ot him. ITo In a miner and
wlif-n lm loft pTHPctnif to "ft tp Vr,.r.tr.
Thanking you for any holp Riven,
YouMi truly/      '   -
Mrs. A. IUIM0Y,
(Labor Pa pars please copy)
STRIKE BREAKERS
DID NOT OO TO WORK j
Were Drtught From Montreal lo Wln-j
nlpeg, but Refuted to Tait* Pdtet
of Stnkars r
U'l.WIl'Kf5. May __2.~ Th<r-f- wttt  =R
Fernie's Popular Play House
A High Class Program of
rtn        •    1
Pictures iomgiit
I
■fJHANn PORKS, I). (VMsy 23.—
tlrnnby Minmi worn shut down. 1<Hliy.
throwing nhoul five hundred men oMt
of tmploymrnt. TI-o (ihnt-down Is
rnimt'il by lurk of rokP nl- thr. Ornnd
Porks Biiinltor. Tho Oold Drop will
shut lifiwn Tiiesilny nnd the mlnp***I Iron uoiki-ts lirnueht fivtm tfnn'r- tl'
w)\\ in--* M-ttumi- wax\\ Xhf conl strike) to tal.   D,f |il_« _** ot utrik'-rn in W'ln-i
Prices
10 & 15c   .
Is si-ttM.
nlppir, liiif tlwy iill Ir-ft for the i>uhI t;i* 1
The Ledger for your Job Work PAGE SIX
Br-*:
ft
*■■..__ r
$&..£&-'■&'<
wnuan
..•/-«.,
THI \BIiTB_CT LEDGER,-FEEKIE.   B. C, MAY 27,1811
_/.
■¥*-k&-k****A*k**Af\kk**'kr\*kktL
-M-Afc-mA****'*-*^ ;
VVVVYVyV¥Y¥Vy¥VVYYYTYYYYYYYrYYY¥YYYYYY¥Y¥¥¥^**f^"^t^*¥»yv¥¥V
li*. -
"Mine Stoiy  For the week.: ...   	
HEAT FROM  DUST .7...   .7   ..\...
' The natural resources' ot our country
have boen considered so inexhaustible
that it is only-very recently that-th*
attention of the public has been directed to the enormous* amount "of material wastes in our "various industries;
and it is to be hoped that the so-called
conservation movement may continue
until we, as a nation, reach the industrial efficiency that has been attained
by the older countries—Great Britain1,
Germany, France'and others.'    Furth-
, ermore, it is to be hoped that we may
not wait as these "countries have until
the most valuable resources are gone
forever .before putting this conservation process into effect.
According, to the United States Geological Survey's report, 459,209,073
. short tons of coal were produced in
the United States in the'year 1909, of
which 83,000,000 short tons were anthracite coal from Pennsylvania. _
■* In the eastern section of the United
States,' where most of the coal is mined and used, the price of the better
grades of coal is steadily increasing.
It is now estimated that the maximum
tonnage of anthracite possible .to produce annually has nearly been reached.
If'this is true the price of this popular domestic fuel will in„a few years
place it out of the reach of all but the
wealthy for domestic fuel. Then people- must look for some other kinds of
fuel'which will be suitable for house*
hold use.  , [
On,the other hand, thedemand for
Industrial fuel is increasing more rapidly than the development of coal mining, and therefore manufacturers are
already on the lookout for a' more economical fuel in order to reduce the
cost pot   production,   or" at   least   to
■   keep - if from being increased.      Our
industrial.prestige is due in no small
measure to our, having had great' natural resources ;and as competition be-*
■-. comes keener with other nations and
the price of our fuel, is at the same
time advancing, we must make use, or
the cheaper fuels and fuel wastes in
-order to hold our present position.
,The( purpose  of this  article is' to
discuss in a general way, the various
-   materials suitable for fuel which are
now  wasted or  considered, of  small
value, and therefore disposed of at'a
*.   :levy vrlc_ and=^to*=*discuss the=wavs
that such wastes may be utilized to
' better advantage. \ • '
The following fuel wastes and low
grade   fuels   are   considered   in   this
article:    Bituminous slack, anthracite
culm," coke-breeze, sawdust and wood
,   was^e, lignite coal and peat.
.. Bituminous Slack.   Most companies
mining bituminous coal screen all or
part of their product before shipping,
' to remove the dust and finer pieces
of coal' which Is called "slack".   , The
* size of the opening In the screen used
varies with tho different operations,
but   the size   of'the opening   most
commonly   used is   3-4 of an , inch;
,   so generally speaking slack is that
portion of the mined coal which passes through the screen with a 3-4in.
openings,        . ' •    ,
As hlgh-ns 50 per cent, of the conl
*    mined   Is   ln   tho form    of   slack.
Formerly thore was  no  market,  for
tlifs slack," and  It  was  dumped  In
plies nenr tho mlno nnd accumulated
from  year to  yenr".  TheBo  piles  of
slack wero sometimes set on* flro to
got- rid of them, and would smoulder
away for yours. '
At tho  present  tlmo  thoro  Is  In
,  cortnln parts of this country, for ex-
•   nmplo tho eastern and middlo stales,
a market for thiB slack conl for use
In specinl furnnce., nn nn industrlnl
fuel,   • Thoro Ib nol, howovor, n mar-
•""  kot largo enough for all tbo Blnck produced, nnd ln many placos If It Is sold
nt nil, it Is sold nt n prlco which Ib
lens thnn tho cont of producing It, tho
profit of tho busliioBS being made rrmn
tho sale of tho larger sIzcb.    Around
. Ittsburg slack mny he hnd In car-
lond lota for 85 cents to $1 n ton delivered at tho plnnt.    In other states
it brings 15 to 50 cents per ton, loaded
on cars at the mine. - How this waste
by'means of briquetting and the gas-
producer can be converted into desirable household fuel and power will be
described further on in this article.
v * t*-
.Anthracite Culm ,
Anthractie culm is similar to bituminous slack in that it composes    the
smaller sizes of anthracite coal. .  As
with bituminous coal these finer sizes
were formerly a waste material", and
in   the  anthracite  fields of  Pennsylvania to-day there are great hills of
this culm which have accumulated* for
many years. *  Anthracite culm however possesses the advantage over bituminous slack that it produces practically no smoke in burning, and therefore large amounts of it are now being removed from the banks where it
has been stored for years, subjected
to" a washing process if necessary and
shipped to the larger cities of New
York State and "New England, where it'
is  sold as a fuel for heating ,office
buildings - and   producing  power   - in
plants located in cities having strjet
smoke laws.     New York city is the
largest user of this culm, ...
' This anthracite culm makes excellent briquets and gas-producer fuel, as
will be* shown presently.   '
..-,- Coke Breeze
Coke breeze Is a by-product of the
coke or gas industries. - In the preparation of illuminating gas, the coke
resulting from the 'distillation of the'
coal when removed "from retorts' is in
the form of large jand small, pieces and
dust.' ■ This .dust and smaller sizes
are called coke breeze. r  .
In the manufacture of coke/'both by
the bee hive oven and by-product methods, coke breeze is also obtained In
large "quantities. Methods of utilizing it are described further on in this
article.
Sawdust and Wood Waste
■* One of the most' wasteful of our
industries is' the wood | Industry. ;Mr.
George B. Frank'forter states .in a-recent article on."Wood Waste and its
Utilization' that the best that model
mills can do at the present time- in
the logging .and 'milling part of, the industry is to save-a scant 40.per-cent
of the> total weight of the7,wood,jn
lumber laths and shingles. \ . Fifteen
years ago the-average, was'probably
heat' value o. tie fuel and, as it is
non- caking, special furnaces are required to. burn the. raw .lignite -pre-
perly. Lignite cannot' be stored in
the open in large piles on account of
the slackening down that takes place
when' it isr exposed to the weather for
only a few weeks. Spontaneous combustion'also occurs more easily in piles
of this fuel than with'bituminous coal.
Since its foundation,
**.* ...     *    ,
it has jBeeri the policy
of th^HCompanylto
embody^ incite:'4 .
.a:
.I'm
DR."' WRIGLB8WOBTH? D-Vd.^ 8.
-..*».■■■      -'     •'•"-'   .\>\>.v
'._'• .,     ■  -..'DENTIST.*. -',I* >
'Vt  ■*.. ■      - "   .', ■ : .ir -y   ' '   • -c't- *
■- ,'.'.;■,- ..;',-   ,-  -\ ,7-.;_-. -"•    --•;
V' OffiVj»:^Johsson-Fauikner Bloci..
Hours 9-12; 1-6;
tortile
vPh.OM.f2
-■. c.
t.
.
only 30 per cent, ^te^verage" now
is about 35 per cent lumber and,65 per
stumps' tops, slabs and sawdust. From
5 to 15 per cent of'the logs sawed
go into" slabs. About 20 " per cent
of the log goes into sawdust." * The
most economical lumbor mills in the
country, at Marshfield, Oregon, saw on
an average 100,000,000 feot of lumber
In' a year, or approximately 150,000
tons of lumber.' On the basis of 65
per cent waste, this ono mill alone produces annually 255,000 tons of wood
waste, and this waste ls burned either
on the ground whero the tree3 were
cut or in waste burning furnaces at
tho mill. H,one mill, and'that, the
most economical, produces .annually
25,000 tons of waste, thon tho total loss
for all the mills In this country must
be enormous'.
The wood waste can be utilized In
several ways, somo of which will be
mentioned.
Lignite '
'Lignite Is a variety of fuel between
pent and bituminous coal In quality.
Ono form of lignite Is callod brown
coal lii Germany from Us characteristic
color.. In this country It, -Is tho custom to speak of two'kinds of lignite,
viz., llgnlto and black llgnlto.
Thoro nro Immense dopoBits of llgnlto conl Iri tho western and southern
Stntes, the moBt Important deposits bo-
Ing found In Toxns, North Dnkotn,
Colorado, Montana nnil Cnllfornln.
Those deposits vary In thickness
from a fow lnchoB to ovor thirty foot
ThlH fuel contniiiB a high por coinage
of water, Amorlcnn Hsnlto hnvlng ns
high ns -12 per cent of molsturo In
thom when frosh from tho mine. This
hlqh molsturo contont dociionsos the
Peat , -
Peat is the lowest grade of fuel recognized in the classification qf fuels.
It is-the partially decomposed remains of moss! and other similar plants,
which are found in wet marshy places.
Its high moisture content (sometimes
as high as 85 per cent.) has prevented its extensive use as a fuel, as all
attempts to dry it artiflcally on a large
scale have not been profitable, as' the
cost of handling large amounts of
raw material and supplying heat to dry
it_are prohibitive.
•Numerous'experiments in this country to utilize "peat for fuel have; not
met with much success up .o the present time,-but possibly in a few years
the high-price of other,fuel will lead
to further' developments of peat for
fuel in districts near the,peat beds.
Methods of, Utilizing Fuel Waste
There are two general methods of
utilizing the fuel material described
above;  ■ ., , ,     .
1.   The * gas-producer to convert it
into commercial power.
- ,   . - *
> 2.   The briquetting "process to convert it into a 'domestic fuel.
Gas Producer
' The 'gas-producer has been brought
up to.such a state of perfection that
it is without doubt the-most efficient
means of obtaining power from the
poorer grades of fuel. To those who
are7 not, familiar with the principles
of the gas-producer it may be well, to
explain that a gas-producer is an apparatus for burning a thick bed ot
fuel into.which,air is blown. Steam
is' also sometimes introdiiced% with the
air..v< Combustion of the fuel in tlie
lower" part of the apparatus forms carbon monoxide in passing through the
incandescent fuel in'the upper part
of the bed." The -steam is broken up
into hydrogen; and oxygen. The hydrogen and carbon monoxide are'combustible gases and diluted by nitrogen
nnnTinn _■*! irivi/_ Q "Hlfvy forTYl
VUI UUU V_L__.V*»»**%■> v»»w J -.ml- *-*—
iri perfected form, the Best typewriter adeas by
whomsoever advanced..
-J'   "      ■ - '    „     "..-     .... 7' " ' '  .- -* -   "-.':
For bur latest "manifestation of this policy, inspect' the
new Visible Writing Remingtons Nos. 10 and" llj which
embody every desirable feature extant—PLUS an Adding
andSubtractingMecJmfihmwhichcomUtates an innovation..
The voice that cried in the wilderness 30 years ago:
~ "You cannot afford to write in'the
old way;" now acclaims witli equal
conviction: "You cannot afford to
■*_- *
calculate in the old way."     . 4  .
Remington Typewriter Company .
. -- (Incorporated)
818 Perider Street
-   , Vancouver,.-. 0..
,    DR: J. BARBER, DENTIST'*'   7
l ,.' ■ v. ***    ..% ,v , .-.'. -.- -jy v.** '-.**
Office Htrndor-wn Block, Fernie B.C.
7 . Hours 9. to 1; 2 to 5; A to: 8.
-   Resideice' 21 .Viotoria Ave*."J- ***■
m FipiE
*-" _   -1-' >•'• -^ v.. ;V ■
3MBEPG0.
1 •,--/
A. McDbugail, Mgr
V.'  .
W. R. Rost K. C.
.W.^S.Lanb
ROSS, MACDONALD and  LANE
Barristers and Solicitors ..
Ftrnie. B. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN'& McTAGGART
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
J\i
''•*,'.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I.' Fisher
'itXHU- OUiUC- \mta.i
Sixty Yoar* the Standard
Dr.PRICE'S
CREAM
Baking Ponder
» . -
A straight, honest, Cream ol Tartar
Baking Powder. Made from Grapes*
Makes better, more healthful food.
Sold without doooptlon*
NO ALUM-NO LIME PHOSPHATE
."Alum In load nm»t therefore set as • poison."
—het, Jalxnun, Yeii Vniut^ty.
Rood the Inboh
Buy no baking powder unfeme
the label ahowe It to be made
irom Oream of Tartar,
producer gas which has comparatively
low heat value.
* The' producer gas when - used in
a gas engine produces power at a'
much greater efficiency than is obtained' by the steam boiler and steam engine. ■    ,
In thoso European' countries where
the supply of high -grade fuel is limited, gas-producers are extensively used
as a means of generating gas Rowor
purposes from lignite and waste fuel
materials. ^ In the Interior of Mexlcoi
where coal Is scarce, mining companies use a scrub growth of wood for
gas-producer fuel with satisfactory results. I s
As Industries develop In those parts
of tho West and South where vast
deposits of llgnlto, aro to W found.
wo may look for a rapid increase) ln
tho number of producer-gas plants using lignite fuel to supply the powor required, and as thoso parts of tho country become moro thickly populated by
peoplo engaged ln agriculture as woll
as in Industrial pursuits, thero will bo
a demand for llgnlto briquets for do-
mestlc fuol.
Bituminous slack, anthraclto culm,
wood wasto, llgnlto and ovon peat,
If tho latter Is partially dried, can bo
lued with oxcollont offlcloncy ln tho
gas-producer. , Coko brcezo also b*vos
good results as a gas-producer fuol.
Llgnlto < ovon in tho-raw Btate fur-
nlshos an oxcollont producer-gas ovon
hotter In boat vdluou than the gas
producod from tho bost grti'dos of bituminous coal, This lroprbvcmont Is
duo In largo. measure to decomposition of tho largo amount of molBturo
found In the llgnlto Into hydrogen nnd
| oxygon, Poa,t Is a good gas-proilucor
fuol If nlr drlM boforo uso bo tliat it
contains Iobb than 40 por cont of molB
turo.
.'• Brlquett'ed Fuel
The procoBB of brlquottlng fuol, al-,
though not, vory woll known In ihiu
country, Ib porhnpii tho b-ost method
of ronverttng a low grade fuol Into ono
ot higher, valuo and ot utilizing tie
waste' form mining high grade fuel.
• The.brlquottlng -ftrocoHB Ib a method
of converting Iooho pulvorulont material Into solid blocks callod brlpota,
Thla brlquottlng process lias boon oue-
cossfully used by European countries
for tho Ian thirty years.
ln tho yonr lu08 the world'** production of brlquettcd fuel was 28,000,-
000 short tons of which Germany producer 20,000,000 short tons, or 73 par
cent ot the total. In tho name year
Iho United HtntoB prodticod only i'_•
firiS short tons valued nt tlio plant
nt $823,057, or nn avorago prlco of
nbout $3.r»0 por ton." In MOD tho United HtatoH producod 139,(101 short tons,
nn Increase of 54 per cent In quantity,
and valued at V^M", or 13.25 por tori
no that it Is evident Iho Induilry l«
making Kub.tuutU! inuiii'caa In the
United Stntes. Tlioro wero uliter-n
plants In thin country which produced
fool briquets In ltdifl, nnd while «ome
of thotte plnnt.1 wero only experimental
about onr-tlilfd of them *re built on a
practfoat ha-fa atvl arc apparent!?
meeting with «tiri-eaa,    -
Much liasvbeen, said of" late years,
and most of - it * decidedly, uncomplimentary of that type of person known
as-the agitator. , ^He has .been condemned by the majority as a disturber
of'.thepeace, a.'fomenter of unrest, a
public, nuisance,, and in general a person more dangerous than useful in the
community. , We have not hesitated
to call him anarchistic, and to put upon
him blame for much of the social unrest of the time.', '*"._*
h The agitator "is one who is so impressed by som<fparticular - evil or injustice that he uses every available
opportunity to make public declaration
of the fact,' and to arouse the' people
to a similar realization of wrong. He is
usually willing to adopt any method of
publicity-*for.the'fact. After a very
short time7he discovers also that the
average • person requires , the drastic
dose to arouse him from "the apathy, or
ignorance by7reason of'which {he
wrong is permitted and continued...'
r       _ i- -*.i -  L
As a matter, of fact, our usual judgment bf tlie agitator is unfair and unwise. Our' condemnation of him can
onIyTbe~justifiM76*nTy"CTy~supeffiei^i"
grounds. He^is worthy of entirely different treatment,", 'judged not only
from' the'quality,of his motive,' but
from .he final re&ults of his agitation.
The agitator is'c absolutely essential
to good citizenship. * The menace of
this country Is not the man who declares with rough emphasis the fact of
evils that exist, and , to our social
sbame, but rather .the, man ot silent
dignity who ls either Ignorant of real
conditions or diffident in making, declaration of them.'' Of q}l men, he Is
the most to be dreaded andde'nounced
, Tho opposite of' agitation is stagnation, and stagnation ,1b death. Agita-.
tion simply stirs th© ■ public thought
and prevents the community from
sleeping through tho hour of peril. Tho
sounding Insistently In the ear of the
drowsy dreamer, and warning him that
the tlm© for action-has como. Ho receives just the samo treatment that
we vocally or mentally accord tho
alarm .clock, when It has crashed Into
tho fairy fabric of an early morning
dream.    ,        '     '
'Whatever ot evil* oxI'bIb In this
country to-day, exists simply bocauso
of tho lack of agitation concerning
It. Thore Is enough good In Canada to
wlpo out all tho Injustice that may
exist at tho present time. It remains
puroly because wo havo not yot
awakened to tho fact of Its oxlstonco
or tho ovll of Its Influonco. ,
And whatovorof good will bo'won tn
tho future, to tho gain of all, will como
finally as tlio refill lt. of those who agitato, and create the demand and the-*,
powor whoroby It will at last,bo mado
posslblo of attainment. Dy mothods
gentlo and rough, roflnod or bolstorous,
must tho truth' bo trust upon tbo
public mind. If people will not awaken
at a whlspor or a touch, thoy *mu«t bo
shnkon Into n coniclousnoas of their
porll and thoir duty.
If all ngltntoro vwero banlehod, It
would mean death to Canndn. If ovory
man who had a conviction ot truth
and justice wore to close his moutb
nnd novor glvo expression to It, wo
would be on tho, highway to nntlonnl
doBtructlon. Tho vory hope of the
country lies In tho oxlstonco nnd tbo
effort* of thnt clnnii of pooplo by every
monnn In tliolr powor nttompt to make
clear the fact of wrong and pousl-
blllty of riKht.
Tlio way of tho agitator has always
been hard, Ho bau been coruiwIM (o
ubo liarnh nnd noisy means to ac-
•rompllfsh Ms commendable purpovs
l'o has folind that tbo whisper and tho
touch wero practically unolcus In tbo
tiin.'iii.v nl nii-o*, ■find XbHX inftti (-,-,it),)
tmly lio f.toiBrd by birshor moth'-il».
l'v-nry rc.Yrm In - tho • past has m'.do
UiIh i-vtil.'iit, Almost nover has .'M-it
boon won except by tho uso of ungimtto
mot hod n.
And pricttcally always ts tho nglfr*
tor mlmindersfood, AH manner of
menu mu'.Uca arts Imputed to him. Uo
Is flcruscii of seeking notoriety when
ever ho i.'.ak<-s declaration of his roes
an***.-**-, lit, in called a dlstnrber of the
Pmci*. whon ho seeks to waken people
from Die perils of slumber. Almost
n"vor {• he litvcu credit for the rotx
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS -
j .        _     _
•Fernie, B. C.
Manufacturers of and Deal-,
ers in all kinds of Rough
; and Dressed Lumber'
,      ■* 1 m       . 1 ,'
.*■"■*-. i.'
Send us your orders
action for the* right and for the desire
he possesses to accomplish the people's good.*   " *"-"  >, .1 •     •
In every* age thus far the agitator
has been'made the"martyr. Misunderstood, he ..has been also misused.
He has been "abused by the very ones
whom he has sought' to help.'- The
pathway of the 'past is strewn by' the
bodies of those brave men who tried to
I Q
stop humanity's "wrongtvard progress
and who were trampled under foot for
their pains.       '    .,     -.   *,  •.    ,
Let us of Canada ' be ■ more wise.
'Wherever one of our number. ■ perceives more clearly than the* rest the
existence of evil, and declares the fact
let us'not'be so suicidally-unwise as
to, .prevent the utterance'of his message. And let us not bo so sunk in
apathy regai*ding the concerns' of the
nation that be" Will have to. resort to,
..   , . *     " ■ I,  -       "
harsh measures to-secure, our attention. 7 y,„..- „'     .i   v   .- '-
"Let every man be heard and'heeded.
Wisdom is collective. "Tlie conviction
of every mantis necessary, to the com:
mon good.    "To repress any is, to run
DROP   IN
MATTER
On .'first - class
- business and rest-
- dentlal  property.
AND  TALK  THE'
'   '« *.*•_*•* ^  ' t   _,
OVER .WITH. US
ROYAL
H 0 T;S"I:
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
F£RNIE
-'"'-*. ,--• ,*""-•■   -
\
j Fernie Dairy
into".anger.* ' iTT-TTbe^orsritind^of
folly-to hold up to ridicule, ttie. man
who Is "doing his utmost to warn his
fellow citizens of a real-or "even-an
impending danger. Let us give every
man a, chance to ^declare his word of
warning.—Ottawa Citizen..	
7   FRESH   MILK- ,
delivered    to   alL
< y    -. •      -
*. r parts of the town
,  : ,     »- - *_*.-•
—_, . _„_
.,,. \      '. -      x  ' *"
banders & Verhaest  Brothers.
_, *- ..
«*■*"."-. Proprietors   '-  .     .-
i
COMPRE88ED  AIR  WILL   7
REPLACE POSTMEN
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything .
j y ■• ,-v
Up-to-date ,
Gall in and
see us once
.JOHN P0DBIELANGIK, Prop,
MONTREAL.—A significant- notice
of an Important resolution wass allowed to slip by. without- comment, a few
days ago when the Postmaster General announced at. Ottawa that employes
of the postal service, ■wore\t6 be reclassified. Briefly Mr, Lemieux proposes to rearrange the sorvlce hrsuch
a way that mall will lio on tho move
almost every moment Irom tho time
it ls posted to the tlmo that* lt is
delivered, Tho wasto seconds, minutes
and even hours whenn lottor ls at
rest, either ln tho"comer post box
awaiting collection,' in a, sack In the
post offico waiting to lie sorted out,
or In a pigeon holo awaiting delivery
■IVlll bo reduced to a minimum.
According to Mr. Lwnioux.B statement several of tbe cliWBes of "postal
omploycos are to bo abolished, and an
Increaso of pay In to lie granted to
tho othors. In Montreal It Is noticed that tlio uniformed forces, tlio men
who walk tho city wltli tho pouchoB
and bags full of mall on thoir backs,
nro to bo decrensod. Until tho reason
was dlscovorod thoro was considerable
objection on tbo part ot the citizens.
Now, It appoars, tho govornmont has
In band plana calling for tho Installation of tho tubo syBtom ot letter dcllvory nnd collection. Drop a noto In
to tbo tubo In your offlco and, presto,
It Ib whlskod off to tlw post offico
whoro lt Ib oortod Immediately with
othors ot Its kind nnd Hliot Into anothor
tubo whicli vfctsks It off, to tbo oub-
poflt offlco nearest tlio address on tho
envelope If lt (s for tlio out ot town
mall, of courso, It has to wait for tho
fast growing obsolette train sorvlco.
Commercial Review, aims,to set forth
nothing but undeniable facts and .'arguments built upon tbem. It stands'
for progressive, clean business methods, and is strongly, opposed to what-,
ever savors of the opposite In commercial life. Already'•Its advertising
columns are carrying displays for some
of the oldest and' most' reliable firms
ln the West, and here too the greatest
care Is being exercise to exclude .the
financial and trade pirate,
C. P. R. MACHINISTS
HAVE APPLIED FOR
CONCILIATION BOARD
•..-.
WINIPEG; May 23—It Is understood
that tho C. P. R. machlnsts havo applied to the Department of Labor for
a conciliation board. Thoy have beon
nogotlatlngk some months fruitlessly
with the company. ' .'
HOTEL FERNIE
The-Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading Commercial
and Tourist House
S, F. WALLACE, Prop.
THE   COMMERCIAL   REVIEW
vlctlnn that thrills him on to further
.An open flold and ono which haa
long boon in nooil of direct attention
Is now being supplied liy tho Commercial Rovlow, a fInanclnl and trado Journal published twico n month by The
Publicity _(_*.« &t US,lUUluMbLtxxii
Vancouver, D. C, llrltlsh Columbia
and Alberta compote, the' territory
which Ibis papor covors, giving the
retail and wholonnlo mcrchnntu and
hiifiria... tifoiu-iti*. h riiiinWti service find
a consorvntlvo and ronponstblo advertising medium,  .
Tho Commercial n<ivlow bears tho
stamp of Its high tono on Its surfaco.
It Is coverod In a qulot brown stock,
nnd prlnfiM on ovrrptfon-ilT-jr fine India
tint, glazed paper, whkli brings out tho
the rl^nr tyoo and cnla uped to tbo
bost posslblo advaiitofio. Tito make*
up and general nrrnriijoment of the
Journal Are modern ami attractive, and
leave nothing to deilro from tho me*-
<htt_!«il dtp-art mf-nt thlch would *n-
bnnrti lh npp+nrnnrtt,
In its editorial and nows colums Tho
MOTHERS!
DD YOU KNOW---
Tlut when you put »
salv. onto your chllcTfl skin,
it pusei throveh the pores
and enter* the Wood, M
ai »u«ely m tf you put It
into the chlld'i itomuh?
You would not put, ft,
coarse mau of *ntaul fat,
colored by Yarioui mineral
potions (sueh as many
crude salrrs are) into your
child's blood hy way of the
Momach. Th«n why do
•w.by way of the pores?   •
TtksnofWc UioahM-wth-i
iv^lvr-h*! MSMflis fMvUsd la
&m.tHik.. L.txi-Um* coohm
mt U*x$e w *tt)' odinA r-u w ls-\
•nd no p-jUenous mitutil eol't-
lagmitKr, Froni sUrt toftnbh
IIU -pwdy *whtl!
. Iiwlllb«»lwf«i,ulcm.»Ua»'
•rs.   truptloM* raticou «le«v
7 i ,     .# !._..   I.   .. AAA...      *
bUMt   XAUX**   A«M     «»»««•   -.-.•.
qalckly Ihu sny otJui koowo
MCfMfilbo. It . Is at tlxtfle*
quiikly Hops ths tusM of ol •
eartot cut, citta flkymtuati
(wrwiiuJbloodpoliotuJ?. ltd*
, combtiuttoo ol hssUflf power sul
KUotHlcpurUy. ./ufcthoM who
hive pitm-i It.
LIVERY
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale
George Barton    Phone 78
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Llisrd Local General Teamsters Noi.
141. Moots ovory Friday night at
8 p. m. Minors' Union Hall, W.
A Worthlngton, Prosldont) E. J.
Good, Socrotary, , ,
■artsndsrs' Local No. 014: Moots and
and 4th Sundays at 2,80 p.m, Seoro-
tary J, A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Qladstons Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Meats 2nd and 4th Thursday Minors
Union hall,    1). Hoos, Ho\
Typoaraphlea!' Union No. 5S5r   Moots
,  last Saturday In oaoh month at tho
Ledgor Offlco.   A. J. Duokloy, Socrotary,
Leesl Pernio No. 17 8. P. of O, Men'tn
In Minora Union, Hnll evory Sunday
at 7.45 p.m, Everybody welcome, D,
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.    ,
jllltmjtUtteUafmlOtUaer
I
■flM-BUK
^mBtlN>DURrm:'
% Vi*xi*.r*.*}**-*iit,%+iA  -Q_M.^|A*Vy  {fi*mv*-mir\^m+m<    *mJ
Jolntrs:—-Moot In Minors HaU'overy
alternate Thursday(lat 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, socrotary. P. 0. 807.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters snd
Jolntra.»~Loca] 1230. D. J. Evans,
President; F. U, Bhaw. Socrotary.
Dr. de Van'f Female Pll!_
A rdl»bl« Fftncb rur&Utof * stv*r falls, TheM
pill* are exceedingly noirarrtil In rtfulittiiff th.
gniriilTC portion ol the fmiUinlim. k'ff ui
til ehiip lrj.ltit.oni. Pr. it* Taa'a ete sold ex
&_££#"&£ &.. i^'^^t'i^lVn'i:
For sale at Blsstd*.)!. Drua Stort.
'--1
"*'>r' _l
•- i
tl
*
_ _
_
'._
•'_
•VWI.*"...  '.'«<!*-'.f->*iK,*' -v\y
^hefflfeeMs 'News^for^^'^-:
yii^miy® "^W^yi^i^^^yi'^^^^y^yyi Z
v",3 '-t'' i.1* ~*~" S*  '", „* ^f j. a'1*"'*-    .'VV^ *
rmJStpthers
TMM jPHITaiOT LM^IB, riitMB_;   B. 0, ^'27,1811
* ■ f(izviR>«o^'_dRoeiiLb)-'•'-' v
yg ." -- *"■-;-,*7'--.'-- ~-'y\ -. •- -v-     .:..
*..-'-?:' '-■'-'' j:.»7-'"-•-• *.*c 17-c"'*** 7'.-- _v
■;'- --77,"- : .."'f^'^r^^Mlchel.^c;'1'-.;'^
'V \ ' S.-l;4prHpm je y-temTkraju pren**>
'" .'^. °'. de!° "7^Pre-^o'gokoplh.! in*; secer
'ysled- t'ega^ker. gospodarji. necejo'db;
i", yolltl premo-wfjem,-organizIraiiim-yii8
■^-; distrlktu U.;M.'VW. of A.njih.rzah-'
-teve..*. ,_K.y?..^y    \ -J ,-.■*.*..
; - v :.;*' Delavske 'fazmere-'. v- tem -' kraj-i so
-*'   ..take, kakor ;-na" cell'Crtiob' kaiiadskl
-    PacWf-r'ni "P.rpgi.    .fo je^-slabV.so in
. -po enlh'krajih Se'YeC kot slabe.. ••    '■
"\V'V predstojeeim.preniogarskem ho*'
-•   ju, so zaiileteiie v.medsebo*]en'b5i Lull
.     de,2eleznicl, Canadian Pacific in Great
'*.'■•■** Northern, znan tudi kot J.'J. Hlll'road,
,H poseduje vs'e'pfemdgovnik tod okoll,
'(    Coal'Creek in Fernie.., -
v Pred -dvema let! je bila sklenjena po.
.    -gbdba s Hill iteleznico, tako da je'blla
preskrblljena 's ;premogom.7med tem
. kb sobile dr'ug'e/ki so last C.'.P.'R.
■'ijizloCene iz Je  gigantiCrie  2eleznl§ke
korporacije.in-.so bile.popolnoma brez
-posia. •.•._-,„ .r'.. '. ■• , ';-   "• '*.
\" IstoCasno.'sQ se'zdrufclll v Western
"-'.•Coal Mine bperators**Association."-* ;
- - -'Kmalu- nato" ce'jeVvrSIla-v'Calgary
, ' "kon'ferenca med'-njimi lu .delavskiml
'., ■z'astopnikl^na.;kteri;so se ijavilio ura-
_J- .vna'nju pl-i-Je's -poviSkom 12-^per cent
• * ter  da ima^potetil  pogodbaJ dne! 31
"marca,"l913x.7'''\-'.*.' '*-''• "'"*' "'
7 .'.Med drugimr t'oSkami je 'bila . od
' .. "stranCdelaycev'tudi zahteva, da so da'
"unlji'pravlcov'kplektati unijske.prlspev-
'.-.- ^*?.Pd -Slanov, ki podpliejo sporazummo
, *-*' *5e_-urad Kompanije. ,'"'  '■.■.■;*•*"-' •'-. ',
" ■'■.>rf-'yse-mbStvo,,'kI je,'p'o'dnlsaio~;eeke-y
* tem smlslu,. so puSCall mesefine prisp<£
■    vke'-kompahljski blagajni, od. kjer/so
._8e odracunall ,'v * unijo. ,* • -.- 7' "7. \'.
<-, * .Zastopnlki premogarjev v Calgary so
* zahtevall, naj'bi^se'to uvedlo prl vseh
.   kompanijah.^-'-.TodaJ'baroni niso ie' od-
rekli temiV. marve-5 * celo zahtevali,' da
se Se tisto^odprayi, kar Je do zdaj''oK-
. - -stojalo/ 7 Pio -;krati.em;*posvetovanju
zastopnikov.^o'se naposled izrekli, da
odriehajo""'. fiabteW za splo§no upel-
javo-kolekcije unijsklh prlspey'kov po-
*- torn kompariijskega offlca, * in da naj
'   to.OBtan'e le tam, kjer to 2e obstoji.
. Gospodarjl.-'pa ,'niso hotel! niCosar
ArigleSi to^pbt.tistl .element, ,ki je stal
nastra*ni>bossov.?': To,re5ems pbnb-
•somV ker;-so ieni: malomlsleSl Angleii
nazivalT tujegovbreoe. delavec s. "for-
.eign-ignorants,"-*- Seveda.-so. to, gbvo-°
rili-'v svoji domigljavosU in glupoati"rne
.yedo5;-da s' tem'podpirajo akcijb gos-
pbdarjev.^* ". •' * "," '? ., ''v " "' w *.
*   *"*.,. ^*A ',    ■ *',*■,'-•>-
VCasihse.zgodi tudi.'da Zeli kdo za-,
no-UU'narodnq all versko hujskanje na-
prani'dfrug drugemu, toda to se navad-
np.nle.bbiiese.'kajti' take reel ne vleCe-
'tp.-prf delavclh^ln vsled'tega se vrne
Z?V$? sblldarnost in to v toliko nefije
meri,kot prej.*-'    ';   "*      -, '
VeCina tuiiveCili delavcev jb katol-
igkega" verolzpoyedanja „ln pisec teh
yrstlc jo*7,aznamovan'prinjih za Crnega
kozla, ye'ndar seje Iz'razil tu ziveC pas-
tor, da/bo delavci, opravicenl do zmage,
kar ;mu gre «gotovp prizuanje,, 5e se
vpqlteva dejstvo; da se to redkokedaj
zgo'jii *od strani. katolISklii pastorjev,
kakor. nas'ufiizgodovlna delavsklh bo-
jev "v.Amerikl. '• I -'
''Nitl enega.ugovora ni, ki bi zampgel
pbdpreti 06'itke napram , strajkujo5im
premogarjem In jiia 2eleti poraz.
.'•rzvrSevalni odbor 18 dlstrikt'a se je
obrnil na tozadevne faktorje, da'se iive
ConeldSratiiins , GCnf rales : sur'.' lee
Cause* ot lea:' Eflata- dee Exploe'ione
Dane !•« Mines"*_• Grisbu.
~AV-'
A-*£i¥    »V\ *%<••£!„
.*j* yr »fjf*
i(/m
t""; j
MINERS.  PICKS AND EX. LOBJONS
. , A .une -.poque,; ouj, i'Homme encore
sou's l'empirerdbsfpr^Jug-Ss'superstiti-
«ux attribuaifa'_«* Oauses surnaturell-
68,tous les faiti^dont la,cause;principale 'iSchappalt -k;.son .intelligence, ies
explosions de gaz'dMis.es1 mines <5tai-
ent c'onBid^rdes- .comme ""i'oeuvre % de
g-Snies.rnalfaiglEints.-.'*'^'-'-',.'  y • _ :
Plus, tard bn.^crut .recbmialtre que
les .explosions *«alent7dues a i'inflam-
mation d'une substance, gazeuse, que
1-es' ouvriers"appelereni:.'grisbu.,. .'Aii-
jourd'hui,  grace  aux.-prbgres  de la
chimie, le gaz inflammable a pu etre
analyse et sa composltidh est parfaite-
me'nt eonnue.;   On a constats par. des
experiences,que ce gaz n'est autre que
atmosph(5rique. produit qiiand on l'en-
flamme, des detonations-plus bu moins
vlolentes selbn la proportion du melange,     Les propriety.physiques et
chlmiques du gaz hydrogene protocar-
bon6 sont trop connues pour qu'll soit
necessalre de les dlscuter ici; .aussi
ne citerai-je que pour m-.mbla*- celles
de ces.proprietes'sur lesquelles nous
aurons' besoin de nous appuyer'pour
expliques soit la tbeorle des explosions;
soit leurs effets,.soit enfin, les'moyenB
employes pour les prev'enir. '
,   Le'gaz, dit grisou, fest compose de
quatre volumes d'hydrogene et un volume de'vapeur de carbone. .   Sa for-
mule chimique eat H4C-'et pese 6,558
compare a'l'air.     Ce gaz est Incolore,
(de stroga preiskava o razmerah, pod d'une odeur forte, irrespirable a moins
kterlml  so bill- premogarji ..prisiljenl qu'U'ne soit melange a deux'fols son
','    .sligati,'o-tenrampak so se jc-likazati
7; *-direktno,,,da-2ele..   bodobe-ab'solutno
~,. -, odprte premogqvriike.t.' J. "open shop!"
Jl   .-   Situaclja je, sedaj .taka:  '  ..'r'i.:..-
■ '.• •- Dogovor z^nebdvisnimi kompanijami
~r; jej'ta^daTlmSo' unljski tajnlki pra-
;-'.*^ ''ylco.dbypo'gleda kompanljskih^knjig,
. ,7' *'iz kterihje mo€i Iznajtl, :kdb. dela, kdo
r je podpisai;''Jeks.za''„olektahje unijsklh
• prlspevkov.pri kompanljl* , Kadar kdo
, -":  - podpISe" "CekV. tedaj zamore miiijsklitaj-
--,3nik,,odra-5unat! prl, kompaniji unljske
•    .' prlspeyko dotlfinlka, kl se je' podpisal.
■' Ta bdstavek "iji prlklopljen dogovb.-
, ' ru.'aDapak leZtv ufadu b'dseka za dela-
'•'     vstvq y.Ottavl, katerega"'besodllo je
• tako, da Iz njega nl mod Iznajtl,- 5e Be
Miapr. praSa Cloveka, all apada-k unljl
, . all ne„ da'.bi ,odjjovorir tako all tako.
Zahteva za zvlganje plaCe za 12V4'/l)er
- ',,, cent na dbsedanjg* lostvlco' pravzaprav
.  nl nobono dejansko^ zvifianje, marvo.
lb'namen, da Be znliajo Zlvljenskl'stro-
Skl, kajtl za en"dblar daneB nl mogofio
kupltl toliko; .cakor.so Jo kupllo pred
treml letl.*.   In to'jo odinl nafiln, po
kter,em so zamora,*sodltl danes prldo-
' bltvo za dennrneBa' stallSCa v boju.protl kapltula. .' -"    ..    ,,    .'
Kompanije bo pbnudllo'BVj por cent.
.; , In' manj nogo' jiolovlct f.lanom unije,
.Dobra (I) vlnda v Ottnvl oo pa tako
znima    za   premogarje,   di   Jlm   je
„ Bvotovnla, naj': bodo prldnl fontje tor
.   naj nlluir no kalo mlru.   Samoutnovno,
1', premogarflklm liaronom nl dala dobra
(!) vladanobonoga poduka. Ona skrbi
po "ototovBlco" samo za promogarjo.
Z vosBolJom moram poroSatl, da do
■ daneB 6b nl blio potreba pollcljo nltl
• voJaBtvn, ker vsakdo raz motrlva Btvar
mlrno; In rosno.   Uparn, ludl. da ,bo
mlrno vso do' koncn, Co bo no bodo
gotovl olemontl-r-pollclja—ki naJ-5o8.
0J0 znCno'z rabiikaml, obnafiall nopro-
vldno ,ln   Bamooblastno,' kakor   to
dolnjo vea,8lh "varolii'   v   Caw, polog
Ciowb Nest Pass.
- V now nnsolblnl, kjor Jo nad 2000 lju-
' dl Bta samo 2 pollcnja, vzllo tomu, da
Jo Btanovnlfitvo sostavljcno Iz mno'glh
narodnosti, knkor h fiohov, Slovoncov,
Tnljanov, Ogrov, llritancov In vbI Sllvo
v lopl fllogl,
Naj Jzrocom na torn moatu pohvalo
napram tiijouovoroeim naroilnosllm v
prlouJoCom boju, In dn no bill Skotl In
delati prednp je izbruhnllstrajk.. Kaj
bodo" iznaSli.-v/to od vlade.lzvoljeni
mo2je,. bom- i>oroCal' pozneje.', .;•... JJ J
Zastbpnlk.delavcev je A. J. Carter,
kl.•'?■?•W'PreJe"zapbslen,v teh'rovih a
je' zdaj'tajnik—blagajnik 18, distrikta. -
,'r Mi smo-pripravljeni ' zboljgatl.'/nag
polb2aj po naSihna.1boljgihmoeeh-.2e
lyiteig sistemu; '•:.., ,,;].,' ', '■'-'■
'.".Zal, le 2al, da je §e tako malo delavcev/ 'kl spqznavajo,. da * je kone5na
zmaga. ,'odyisna le od.posestl'vlade. '
m Vse premalo jih je fie, kl-bl'pojmlll'
zahteve socijalisti5nih naukov.-.** ' Toda
giblje 'se* povsodv'in; tagibljaj tudi-tu
ne*,izbstane.-r-;'Z,'"* Proletarec. "
\, *  \- „■*',*. ,      '
CAUSERIE   8CIENTIFIQUE   LES   -
J., .."EXPLOSIONS   DE. GRISOU
Monsieur Marollle; Depute, Frameries
;.-"Vous avez bien y'oulu, demander le
concours de''ma .plume' pour yenlr en
aide a mes amis les braves mineurs. Elle
est] cependant bien rouiliee,' I'age.in'a
tout pris,"meme" les ehoses queij'aim-
ais'a'jla folle;'mais,'p6iir*acceder,a vos
^esir^-jetrerjrends-le-coliler-etTVouir
consacreral quelques articles cur los explosion-^ dans' les mines, articles qui
me'spnt, suggefes par les.grandes depressions barometrlques actuellesi Bien
de grands savants out pris cettej'ques-
'tlbn piir'Bujet de leurs etudes;let, leura
g£nereiix efforts secondes par une administration blenvelllante nous ont four
ni des principes utiles et des appareiis
propres.-slnon. a' prevenlr entierement
les explosions, du moins a dimlnuer
leur nombre et leurs effets, et a per-
mettre d'en secourir les victimes.'-  * ,
."Cependant, soit que nous l'attrlbu-
Ions a l'lnsufflsanoe des' mesures pre-
scrltes .   et     des     appareiis     employes,     a     Hmprudento,  ' temerlte
dos . ouvriers*.  ou., a , la    coupable
incurle de leurs survelllants, de trop
nombreuses explosions vlcnnent encore
tous Iob ans, Jeter l'epouvanto^ot le
deuil parmi les 'families des mineurs.
"Nous,no possedbns, 11 est vral, au-
cun moyon'do prdvehlr los malhours d'une manlero sure, 11 est memo prob-
nblo quo Ton no trouvo Jamais un pre*
sorvatlf d'uno offlcacltb iiBsureo.   N6-
anraolns je ne doute pas quo cos accidents duo nouB voyons so succedor
avoc uno Intonslte ot uno rapldltd' el
effrayantos, no duBoont compter bien
moins' do victimes,' si ios moyons pre-
Bervatlfs   etnlent  plus  generalomont
connua ot.lour omplol plus aotlvomont
burvollld. "*
/'Tela sont los motlfn qui m'ont engage a entroprendro lo travail sulvant,
dans lequel j'ossnlOral do resumcr ot de
dlscutor los prlhclpatix fnlt*. dont la
connalsaanco j-out etre utile nux d I roc-
tours ot ouvriors dos mlnos a p-rlsou. ,
1 "Je dlvlsbrnl Io travail on trola pa^
tloB; dans la'promlorb,'.'dtudtoral Iob
causoset los offots dos oxploRlons; dans
la secondo, jo dlsoutoral losmoyona
proposes pour les prdvonlr; dnns la
trolslbmo onfin, Jo roohorchornl los mo.
Biii'os a prendre pour on attdnuor Iob
torrlblos effots.
"Jo vous prdBonto, mon clior l\lotml-
our, mos ronpoctuouBOB sal'utatlonH,—
CAPItBRA."
volume d'alr, il bfule quand on y niet
,le feu, avec une flamme .d'un.bleu
pale' tres\-peuj apparente.     II est insoluble dans l'eau et les alcalis.- L'oxy-
gene-a froid.est sans action sur" le
grisou j'-mals^un melange des deux gaz
ddtone facilment par l'etincelle elect ric-1
que, soit par la chaleur.   . Le produit
de cette-combustion est de l'eau et de
racide.carbonique.
_ Je recommande tout specialement a
mes °mis les mineurs de bien retenir
et'de.se faire expliquer ces petite's
reactions,, car elles auront un * grand
poids dans les precautions, a prendre
par les ouvriers, ,temoins°eti non ,tues,
lore'd'un!coup de grisou.   - Melange a
l'air ■atmoBpherique le grisou detone
egalement quotque avec n moins de violence. • ' La' combustion. a; lieu    avec
des caracteres variables sulvant la proportion -des* deux, elements. '  Le melange le plus detbnant est celui qui.ren-
ferme l-8jde gaz" pour .7-8 d'air.. Vous
voyez'dbnc.-mes cheriamls ouvriers,
quana .Vbiis pensez;' dans le fond ,de
la fossb;'que_yous avez*beaucoup*d'alr,
_t-Ii*i_'t-_ih*._______u
NO.
20
' 481
491
2163
040
1378
20.13
2227
mn
2877
' 2178
2314
1203
2107
1058
571
1293
2820
2334
£352
25S9
102
:059
 7 ~* -'*— ■*■   ;   ..——— B
List of Locals District 18
Corroctod by District Socrotnry up to April 22nd, 1911
NAME SEC. and P. O. ADDRE88
Bankhoad  F. Whontloy, Dankhoad, Alta, <
Ttnnvnr . rttWy ...'. v. Ci'-iUwi, huastir (L-reok, via 1'inchor
Bollovun'.;  3. Hurler, Itrllpvuc, Fr*,ul>, AUa,
Hlnlrmoro '. B. J, Clinsc,' Blalrihbro, Alia.
Hurtnls, Wm, Sloan, Durmls, Alta.
Canmoro.......... N. D, Tlinclinlr, Canmoro, Altn,
C'olbmnn ,,., W. Graham, Colomnn, Altn,
Cftrb'ondnlft    O  "»». n-i
v,sr„ Cailvu_j.It*j, Coittiuaii, Alia.
/
Sarf " : 1+ Hucklns, Cardiff, Altn,
?°™ln n. Jonos, Corbin,' D. C.
Chinook Jllnos .»,,. Win. Forsyth, Dlnmond City, Altn.
S3?d C,ty Chnrlos Orban, Diamond City, Lotnbr,^,
*or,,Io D. Iloos, Pornlo, D. C.
;rnnk xD\. O. Nicol, Prank, Alfc.'
J|°»mer J. Ayro, Ilosipcr, I). C.
!n,Iore,t J. O. Jones, Illllcroet, Altn.
LulUbr^lge  I.. Mooro, P. O. Itex 113, Lot!, rjdgo
[V110, ••••••••' W. U Evans, Mljo, Prank, 'AUa
J f I!,01 UiM  M- OlWcy. Maplo Uaf, Ilelloruo, Aha.
i',ch,01  M. Burrell. Mlchol, D. C.,
Pnssburir.« Wm. Clooko. Pnssburir, Alt*.
rTl V^W ZlT "' F1,h*r«I,oyRl Comor,M- IthhrMgo, Mt*
™r' •■> William llnssoll, Taber, Altn.
T"bop B. Brown, Taber, Altn.
que-^TOus-vousJ_croyez eri
securlte absolue; ju'stement a ce'mo-
ment, -vous etes dans une poudrlere
car, 1-8,de= grisou-suffIt,, et'alors, l'ex-
ploslbn .est terrible et cruelle.    -»I1 y
aurait done-lieu dans les mines a de-
gagements lnstantanesde placer aux
points dangereux des appareiis enre-
glstreiirs. a la'po'rt'de des,ouvriers et
pbrlori'sjet de falre donner a ces der-
niersune instruction speciale sur la
matlere. *.   Mals,'la plupart du temps'
et surtout dans les moments de flevre
charbonnlere, nous constatons quo les
porlons sont souvent des vieux, Ignorant les regies les plus eiementalres sur
le mlnage, lMdalrago et la ventilation
des mines a grisou.    Dans ces conditions, nous .pouvons afflrmer quo! 80.
p. 'c. - d'accldents  seralent dvltds,  si
dnns nos charbonnages grlsbuteux, dos
cours spdeiaux etaient donnes a tout
lo personnel du fond, conducteurs des
travaux, chefs porlons, porlons et ca-
llns.;-      7     ' ,,'.'•
Comme conclusion de notre premier
nrtlelo nous dlsons;
1. La causo premiere dos explosions est du a la presence du gaz ap-
pole vulgalrement grisou. ,
2. C'est dans les mlnos do houllllo
grasoo quo co gaz se trouvo frdquo-
mmont.
3. II bo ddgago soit de la surface
do la lioulllo dans les pores ot cavltes
do laquollo 11 est ronfermb a uno forto
prosslon, soit dos fouillots do chleto
nppold Icl roc,* soit onfin dos fentes do
groB (cuorolleB).
4., II ust souvent Inegulemont din-
trlbud dans I'.tonduo. d'uno momo con-
ero et abondo surtout duns Ice polntB
ou. la volno ost friable.
5, Ton ton los clrconstances qui ont
pour offot do (Ilmlnuor la coinpncltd
do la lioulllo, d'nugumoutor retonduo
do ses surfaces llbros, ou d'affnlbllr la
prosslon oxorcdo sur cos monies mir-
facos, facllllont la Horllo du gnz In*
flnmmnblo ot nmono uno ntigmontatlon
tomporarlo do son ddgagoment,
En pratlquo cod vout dlro; qu'll no
faut pas do trop longuoa tnllles ni
trop nombreuses los unos sur les nu*
tres ot do lour lnlsRcr un ospneo nuffl-
sant (bourro) ontro doux talllos on
plat ou doux trnnchos ou drossnnt,
fi. La survelllnnro dovra otro don-
blomont dvollldo dans las grandotn-s
do volnos ot pros dos erections,
1      ..ft i*t-'!n;tAj;'"r,rr.l  ut J,,.* uu'.t unite
nunmonler, lorn-riio touton rbofrn ftj.-il
los d'allloiirR, In proRfllnn dlmlnito et quo
lo baromotro balsso, Exlgoz dont;
chore amis, dos baromotros nux nee-roe-
lingos ot momo aux npprochos dos tail*
los*. consultm-''■*-•■» ♦■*""? Iri l:uv„ ci
vous auroz oncoro dlminud In rioH.il*
bllltd dos explosions,
8. Lo gaz dolt assul s'dchnppor plus
facllom'ont dos surfaeos do la lioulllo
mise n nu ouo dos surfaco** nnclonnos.
Ainsl lo degngoment ost-ll beaucoup
phis abondnnt dans les travaux on nc-
tlvltd fluo dans les vloux trnvnux.
.lo dlsciitoral la'deuxlcme partie do
mon travail dans un prochnln arllelo;
ci Runs trop pr6aumor do mol ,momo
Jo vous conseUlo.diors amis, do tenlr
les trois numdro^dans votrti tlrolr et
de souvent los Hro.—CAPnT3RAi
Tb the Editor of The Science* and Art
'   *-     .'    of,-"Mining "' '••'*'   .--
' Sir,—In No., 15.,Vol. 21, I answered
Uie .question by.R. N., which" read': "Haa
an exploson- been known to result
tbrbugh the sparks • caused by'a blow
with- a miner's - pick on iron • pyrites
whjle. mining ;cbal?' ,  .'7
As your readers are aware,.I stated
iu-iny answer-.that a few years, ago
experiments had been carricd.bat with
the' object' of. settling' "this question
once and for all,'.and the conclusion
arrived at was that' in no case' were
these sparks capable-of igniting fire1
damp. -      ' "
Since my answer appeared Mr. J. H.
Brass and Mr. R. .Calland have each
given an instance that seems to thro-tv
doubt-upon the accuracy of. this conclusion. -In, view.of this, I'think it
would be interesting to R. N. and
doubtless many other readers if I gave
a more detailed description of the experiments. " ■*.
The investigations were conducted
by means of a* very, simple apparatus,
in which the'Stone for producing-the'
sparks was set In a dwarf-pilaster,'
while a small chimney was formed .lh'
front of It, with a series of Bunsen
burners below for giving out .the gas
to  be ■ experimented  with.' '" * In . this
manner the chimney was filled by an
inflammable mixture of air and gas,
while spark's were produced by striking'the* stone with a pick so that they
came in contact with the gaseous mixture, the speed and volume of the., gas
being so ' regulated as to secure the
maximum of Inflammability!
' "When lighting gas was used its ignition followed almost every blow'of
tlie pick, .but afterwards,-marsh  gas
was substituted, wliich has been shown
<by.analysis.tb be almost identical'wjth
fire-damp.   * With* the marsh gas, however,- It 'was never found possible to
provoke, ignition by means of sparks.
A" mixture was then made of three
parts marsh gas and one part of lighting gas, and this new gas mixed with
the air could not be ignited with sparks
produced by the pick. ■.**. It was found
I'that, to obtain ignition by spark's; .a
mixture 'of-marsh' gas  and   lighting
gas-in equal volumes must be employed.-   .These experiments,.often repeated with the same' results, show' that
if mixture's of air and fire-damp * are
to be" Ignited'by sparks produced by'a
pick, the''fire-damp must contain,. iri
addition "Ito tbe marsh gas, a proportion of hydrogen bf other hydro-carburets much higher*- than , any that -an-'
alysis shows, .to'' exist.
FUIURI" f clAOA
-,.t   '■       '-   .-.» ,   '    .!-'-
Tht"British v4Viliy'^>iici^bf the
,       Destiny cf-ihij pomlnieri*of ,   .'
. -   .  Canada   ""''" '■*"'  *''
PAGE SEVEN
The future cf'-Canada iu'illimitable^
and it is strange to think-that it'was
only about 1870 that the vast possibilities of the-North-West were at all adequately realized.   Since then the impression of the physical greatness"and
resources, of.° Canada   has   steadily
grown.   There have been difficulties of
a great kl'uJ.   The nation has seemed
to halt-at time's/   But whatever temporary checks may come,' there is no
doubt as'to the rapid and certain increase of the wealth, the papulation,
and ths power of Canada.   As Principal Grant powerfully and convincingly
argued, a nation so conscious of its
strength' and its future will not consent* to be.'merged In and dominated
by the United States. At present there
is no comparison botween" the population of the two territories, and annexation -by tho States would mean the
suppression of* the potent individuality
of- the young nation.   Goldwln Smith
never took full account of the depth
and power bf popular, sentiment, and
.we-believe that Canada will be more
and more content to reckon herself
with the Motherland and   her  other
Dominions.  But obviously the place of
Canada by-and-by will be wholly al-
,tered.   In the nature of  things   our
'little Island cannot develop-as Canada
must develop, and we look forward to
the day when Canada will attain a i
relative importance which will deprive j
Great Britain of. her claim to a1 metropolitan position.. Of course, in a sense,'
Great Britain must always b'e tbe,metropolis of!the English-speaking race
in general, and of the British Empire
in particular.   But as no limit can be
set to .the increase of Canada, readjustment must.follow, and when the time
comes it will be adjusted ori the lines
of greater equality.   The form bf connection   will  change, butt, he change
will merely strengthen it.    We ' may
cease to be,alarmed by the spectre of
an   Inevitable   disruption   of existing
ties.   Canada has before her the high
destiny of the chief place In the British' federation.—British Weekly...    '-
LEGENDS OF ST. PATRICK
The Greatest of His Miracles Was the
."-;     Driving of Venomous Reptiles
Out of Ireland
j  TELLING CHARACTER'
^ph ©—nex***— *■*
experi uic-ut—c-onsistedf'in'
trying the ■ effect'of sparks caused by
the repeated blows of a rock' drill <?n
a/hard'stone, in the presence of in.
fiariamable' mixtures of air" and firedamp, but t no ignition was ■ observed.
7"The idea.was then conceived of pro-
.duclng sparks by a steel bar rubbing
against,"an'emery wheel while.revolving at a high speed, when a 'thick and
continuous shower of brilliant sparks
was produced. No one doubted that
the fire' damp would soon be Ignited;
but although a.large jet of air and
fire-damp was made to play upon the
shower of sparks, which were quite
brilliant ln broad daylight, no Ignition
followed, however tho. conditions of
the conditions of the experiment might
be vofled. , N
Not onco throughout the' experiments wns tho shock' of a miners'
pick on Iron pyrites found to give off
sparks that were capable of Igniting
fire-damp, although repeated showers
of sparlia from this source wero projected Into an oxploslvo mixture of
fire-damp' and nlr, Nor wns any rosult obtained by the uso of a pick loaded with an additional mass, weighing
altogether i.% pounds.
At tho ond of tho roport appears tho
following observations: "It Is, thoroforo, perfectly well established that
sparks produced by a minor's pick on
a hnrd substance aro Incapablo of Igniting nn oxploslvo mixture of air and
flro*damp,"  .
It would appear from tho *nbovo
oxporlmontB that lho conclusion nrrived at was a-correct and satisfactory
solution of tho problem, nnd yot Mr.
W, II, Pickering stales thnt tho sparks
causod by tha Iron tooth of a conl
cutlor cutting Into Iron pyrites havo
boon tho means of causing ono explosion.
Thi* may bo so, but I should llko to
hoo'It'explained why no'Ignition could
bo obtnlnod olthor wllh tho sleol bar
and omory whool, rock drill, or onllnnry minor's pink In lho experiments
given nbovo.
Yours truly,
'   JAMBS HEATH.
r. It is'wonderful how many Irishmen
there;: arr in Canada cn the seventeenth, of .March! Everyone who has
the slightest, strain, of Irish blood displays* it.oh that day, "and so many
b'oys^arid' glr.s come to school decorated with a"bit of Paddy-green.ribbon
or* a shamrock-leaf; in memory of the
patron saint of Ireland.- , ..-"*.
StrPatriclrwarborn abquT372, and
PIT BROW GIRLS
Tho nttltiidn of thb roprooonlatlvoB
of Uio mlnorfl In tlio Midlands towards
th-o nbolltlon of frmnlo labor from,col-
•     '*"■  c  *v -*-*>« -.-Ul'-tfftltoll-
dnnt of Thr. Tlr-noi, I", tint snil'rlJw.tO
was of noble: parentage, but'when 16^
years of age he was. carried off by
pirates who sold him into, slavery.'in
Ireland. There he was I employed; for
seven years as a swineherd, and learned the Irish customs and language. "He
escaped from captivity and reached
the .continent where he prepared for
the priesthood and was ordained bishop.-. He then with the authority of the
Pbpe, returned to Ireland to preach the
gospel to'.'its inhabitants..' It is said
that St. Patrick made UBe.bf tlie shamrock-leaf to Illustrate the" Trinity of
God, and since then-It has become tbe
emblem of that saint.
-The,,principal enemies that St, Patrick found In Ireland were the Druid
priests whose enmity was so great that
St. Patrick was obliged to curse their
fertile -lands bo that they became
dreary, bogs; to curse thoir rivers so
that they produced no fish; to curse
thoir very kettles so that 'with no
amount of fire could, thoy bo made to
boll; and at last to curse tho Druids
thomselvos so that "the earth opened
and swallowed * thom up.
A popular legend rolatos that the
saint and his followers woro ono cold
morning upon a mountain without firo
to cook their breakfastB or warm thoir
limbs, Patrick told thom to collect a
pile of snowballs which ho breathed
upon, and thoy instantly became a
pleasant firo. ,   ,
Tho greatest of St. Patrick's miracles was that of driving vonomouus
reptiles out of Iroland, and rondorlng
tho Irish soil for over aftor hateful to
the serpent raco. Somo historians relate that St, Patrick accomplished this
foat by boating a drum, whloh ho
struck bo hard that ho knocked a holo
In It, This would havo endangered
the succobs of tho mlraolo had not nn
angol appearing, mended tlio drum.
Tho patched Instrument was long exhibited ob a holy rollo,
In 1831, an Irish gontlomon bolng
anxious to loam whothor tho cllmalo
or soil of Iroland was dostructlvo to
oorponts, brought half a doton harm-
loss snakos from England nnd turned
thom looflo in his Kardon, A week
lator ono was killed and tho Idon that
a "ralo living sarplut" had boon found
noar the burial plnco of St. Patrick
causod tt gront sensation among tlio
country peoplo and Honiowhat shook
thoir faith In lliclr holoved saint, but
they havo quito rocovorod ll, If ono can
Judgo by tho numbor of people
throughout Iroland that on tlio sovon-
tonth of March aro woarlug tho groon,
—Canadian .arm.
Blue eyes are the we"a_est.j    .,
Wide open eyes indioate rashness.,
Downcast eyes typify modesty.
Side glancing eyes must- be distrusted. .,''.,-
Eyes with long, sharp corners are
seen only on those of keen discernment. . "       - „      -
Unsteady eyes indicate an unsettled
mind. * " '       . -    -
If che whites ofthe eyes show below tho iris, tbat person has a bad
temper..*' ,
Eyes that are* far apart, indicate
great intelligence and tenacious memory.
Ears that are.fleshy and red show
coarseness of nature.
Ears close to the head -indicate re-
finement and susceptibility.
If the ears stand forward, they denote rapacity and,cruelty.
Long but small cars indicate refinement. If close to the hpad timidity,
delicacy of perception.
A thin ear chows delicacy and
poetry pf feeling. A thick ear tbe reverse. " ■   ■      '
Colorless ears show want of warmth
of temperament. ,
A pointed chin is said'to bo a sign
of craftiness, wisdom and discretion.
A soft, fat double chin shows an indolent temperament. .
A flat chin shows a cold, hard nature.
A retreating chin is a sign of silliness, and if the brow is receding, of
Imbecility.
A broad chinned woman is faithful.
« A square-chin shows a determined
will."'
A-rather long, but not flat, upper
lip denotes'eloquence.   ,  '  ,
A very long flat upper'Up and a
straight mouth ls a sign of a low,
vicious character. '
Where the space between the nose
and the-red part of lip is short arid
sharply cut, it indicates refinement,
but not much power.'- Where this
space is unusually short there is no
force" of intellect.
A man of. short, nervous step is a
business' man of energy, and if this
stride'.is only from the knees, he is
cold and selfish.       ' ■   » '   ,        ""'
A long stride indicates energy, bnt
of an erratic kind. While a good fellow,-the man with the long stride Ib
generally unreliable and Ill-balanced.
Great statesmen and great philanthropists have a loose, shambling gait,
which comes from thinking more about
others than about themselves. .* .
The sauntering man, is not always a
dreamer,*- but a man with a, quick active brain, who thinks much.-   -
AS F ■
"S-'-HOBBt
Canadian Woman Writer Thinks that
Every Woman Should , Have' '
x    Som* Kind of a.Hobby .''.
A woman.writer In'a Canadian paper expresses the opinion that every/
woman should have a hobby, and .she
goes'on to say:— „• '    '
Let us turn our thoughts to one~bf
the most delightful, useful and ornamental hobbies a woman" can have^—' ■
namely, gardening'.-
What so gratifying to the average -''
feminine heart as .the'knowledge that--
wlth the expenditure 'of ,a' few cents'
and a little care ,and time she can'
ROLLER WINDOW SCREEN
Follows Lower Section of Sash Any.
Distance Up. or Down
A window screen that always fills
the exact- space open beneath the wln-
.<____ Jqwer-sash-has-fceen^desigiied^by"
a.Wisconsin man^and,' necessarily, ,lt
,works' on the roller principle. The*
'screen Is thin arid flexible, yet durable;
and - lk-attached at the bottom to a
spring' roller and at tho' top to the
lower strip of the lower sash-of the
window ln which It ls fixed. , When
the* window Ib opened the screen fills
up' the opening, bo it large or small,
but when the window is closed entirely
it. is invisible from within and pre-'
sents a neat appearance from without;
This foriri of screen also- keeps the
have enough of the Bweetest tlowero
that grow to" make her own house &
bower of color and fragrance all tho
long summer days and besides havo
plenty left to give away to the sick
and unfortunate, who cannot grow
them for themselves! Just think what
they would-cost If bought from*tho
florist. Why, it Is a wonderful bar-
galri! - ■    ,- '
In .England people are much more
keen about gardening'than.we in, Canada are, and If you go to an afternoon
tea there, especially anywhere In the;
country, the style of conversation yon
will hear will, probably be something
like this:—       :/.'■*,.
"Have you seen .the latest kind ol
sweet-pea?"   '-,'-,
"No, hut I  have heard   so   much/
about   lt   I am  trying to, get some
seeds.',' ,.*.'.
"Well, if you'-dq will you please
share with rae arid I will give you
some of my-new pansy, plants."
"Thanks, so much; would you like .
to have a few slips of my pink, be--'
gonias?" •,     -,
"* So they go on, and, In consequence
of this general, interest-in. and knowledge of the subject the gardens there
are. a wilderness of color and form'— J,
just a little too much of a wilderness, <
I must confess, for I thjnk in this country, when we - do have a pretty*garderi,
it Is laid out In better taste than the
English ones, where too often the main
idea-seems to be to see how many
^different  kinds of plants , they   can""
crowd into a garden space.   Still, It Ib-
a fine thing to know the flowers as   *
they do.
Last summer in London, England, a '
flower show was held at seven In the ,
morning, and the admission was limit-  .
ed to members cf the society for fear,
of over-crowding;  yet, at that   very, *
early hour of the day one of tbe largest
halls in the city was practically filled.   .
Gardening, however, Is more than a' -
hobby in the old country; it Is. very',
often taken up' as a ' profession, and j -*
at present, In* one county alone, Sur-'*
rey, there are over two thousand scholars under tuition in practical horticulture, ariiong one hundred and -twenty- '.
_fi*2.e,__schoo!—gardens.-*—Many—ot~t_eBS~*"
pupils are young women who find that
gardening, asr,an occupation for" wo-'
men, ranks among-the first of the professions that they, may follow, since it
ls pleasant, healthful and .profitable."
Girls are holding good positions to-day
all over England as head gardeners,
and several have found   their  "way *
across .the ocean and are doing very
well iri certain parts of Canada and tho
United States;-'-., '      . .
Of course every woman cannot bo  ,.
a professional gardener, but we can
all be 'amateurs If ^we will, and It Is •
comparatively   easy   where    almost
every house has a fair sized plot of,
ground,  back . or front, that} we can
turn Into a garden, not   for ' flowers
only, but for vegetables, *   *
FINDS A NYE PASS
Holdor was tb "Pound His Feet" All
the Evening
i, ..iin.,,    i.
In   j*-,. rl,«..ll,   .      ' \'
'" *"*• t> Winn uiu memoranda,
  "»»■■"• ■-• '»■> ■-■inn.<..._,... ^i"1 °' *■ *■>• of Mooi'd.taJ, Miti,,,,
by Lancashire whero womon nro lnrgo-' '■•"covf.rnd n pnss oilmltllni*. himself
ly omployed at tlio mlnos.'- Mr. sJ""'1 rnm,|y ,0 -*■ lecturo delivered in
Walsh, M.P., whoso ronstltuonoy, Inc. I*'urfi0' HoPt- -8* 1S00, by bis brothor
Is ono of lho most Important rolllorvII!10 JftT.lil,l,umorl*t' nni N*0' °" ■••»
Tlio 'Worker*' P»prr—LEDOER
aifrops with tho vlow* of such roproson
tnllvos ns Mr. Albort Stanley, M,I\
(Cannock ClmRc), Mr. W. 13. Harvey]
M.P. (Knst DorbyMilrc*). nnd Mr, J.
O. Hnneoelc (Mld-norbyshlro). Mr;
Walsh, who rtnpNwntod Lnncishlr. nr
tho oonforonfc on tho Mlnos HIH, |K
of opinion thnt tho hill Is alrondy «i.f.
flplontly complionl^d nnd pmYnnKored
and tlmt tn Iritroduro Iho abolition of
hy tlio multiplicity ol nmondmonu.
woMifn',-4 lnbor will mnko manors
worso. Mr. Walsh ilt-v-Inr-*** that »b->
mlnlnj*.' ropropor.tnllvim Imve.ijo rittht
Six-* o»ii tmnei; -.he conditions of
this pans aro that tho holdor must
mirthfully pound his foot on lho floor
durln-. tlio entire evening, whether ho
wants to or not." >.
window clcanor, as tho dust that collects on an ordinary screen In dry woathor often causes mud spatters oh the
glass whon it rains. Whon tho window
Is to bo clonnod this rollor-scroon can
bo quickly detached and as easily fastened to tho sash again. Provision Ib
also mado for making tho window completely fly and mosquito proof,
THE WIFE'S ADVICE
"My hushnml ofton neks my advico
If bo haB any difficult problem to
solvo," a frlond snld to mo tlio othor
day.
"It's such a holp to havo anothor
opinion, ho says, lmt not onco, In n
married lifo of fifteen years, has ho
takon my advico," sho addod, laii-Jliln*.',
Tlioro or-? ^n good many husbands
who nro built this wny, but It's no good
to got cross with thom, or to Ray whon
things turn out wrong, "I told you sol"
That Is, If you want to be happy,
Tlio best plan Is to glvo your opinion plcnuantly„ir nsUoil. but not to lako
It to Itonrt when ho goos IiIh own wny
nfter nl),
Tho wlfo who goln Into a linhlt of
saying "I told you so," doosn't goiur-
ally hnvo a vory hnppy tlmn—noltlipr
mi .iv* iiu.ti.uiiu. Anyway, don't got
huffy nt bin nol InVln.i; vou.- udilc,
i Mnn aro "quorr critter*," and must bo
In-sued ns such,
WASTING  HIS TIME
Friend   (cormollngly):—"Ho'  vnn'vo
.■no,, yvt jun, -jfii    woll, don't worry
about It; I reckon you was only wnstln'
yer tlmo In a plnco llko that."
Young I'lil (sadly) :--!"Vos, ttintV
what tho boss told mo whon 'o sat Ved
mo."
ATTRACTIVE 8MALL HAT
Horo Is a typo of lint popular among
spring modols for young girls, Tho
Bhapo Is tromondously chic, »»lt'i "m
band of satin ribbon ending In a largo
bow at the back. Ui.dortRn.li thin ib
fnstoncd two ostrich plum.'**, which
stnnd almost upright. Thoso Hlm pes In
fltio chip may bo Imd In all colors.
her own liitoiostH, tor tlio ngltiulon
fnllr.il."     Tho pit hrou* .»lt.<. muitcr
J***'... ro ilo nnythlng or il.u kln.l, and,
(In llio ii-rond place, tho argumentsllIlll(M1
hofh na i(Bards lb.' ImiiH.mlliv nt ilu.-^i _ ' .
VU Mow nlr! '.nd thu dog ,I, - i.|*J" J™ T™ xhv !>«UMi<>» ''»'«'
turo of hor work nro cntl^'i£■«««* m^ot",'!!; n" '" T^ ""'^ ,0
Tho work of tho pit brow utrl U tl»» S .Ui    ,0nH, {":rrUn,>' «' •»■•'
IlRhro,. of <*«lll.'ry UrTan   |   , ^ 1   '    ? ff CtomMon''      Mr'  W8,"h's
form,,) ,,<.Mly ]n L, ope„ B".   Vin^'' VY"* "' *" "* IJM,fMMrr
 „„„,^ «,,,,,  .'   nf .y,.    m'   w'" n i wprowniwlvM on iho Cnl \un_t run
to tnik nbout pnttinrf nn cn] ,0 w,_ 'snys Mr  W0I.1  'thorn £** T_,"  \Vnnrt,Tmc»>"™* It I* LuiUMklr ..||.-
ition'H work nt Oio oolllorlon, boe««J. 'S ,Mlo« au" lit    h.?X,  . *        ",**'»*■* ""'"-■"."■«■ ™.M most s«v ,,.|>
I. ««• ^ ■*« Uioy sic not mp^^nt^S *h^ » , th ^''K ^f*11* "' '*" """ "" '»'
.   i *•"•'"■' ,w" •'',''jior.-~8clencc and Art of Mlnlnt?.
NOVEL PLATE SOUVENIR
Piitiy plutf) MoiivonliH nt a rocont
dliuiur plvou to n traveller were small
wicker biiski'tH, flvti Inches long and
throo nnd a halt high, mndo In (lio
shape of tr..*>ellli*t* ha/,*-*, with hnndlos.
'Di--ho wero In b'reen and white straw
nnd were forced apart and tilled with
wot tucm., In which woro stuck pantiles
(for thonght-i. and forget-me-nots,
Tho boskets war?, Hmd with tinfoil
to prosorvo thom, ns lntor tlioy woro
Jtistt ho thing lo hold n bit, of fancy
work of crochotliiK,
•iWioinu* j*:i)ity pinto soiiveulr for a
irtic-t of In '.or j.:i.'jj(i. y,i.i(,,Li,,.i,\, tuna
a small sllvorort hnBkot flllod with
ihohs nt.d -v.'low Mnrguorltos, the handle tl.d ..'nit a Huffy bow In yellow,
tl-He. f
This Id'.n ciiii bt- mrrkd out for-any i
r1   „..,„  ir,.«„   ..,   ;,v,     ^   ;t„i.*.J
,nmo,   rirk l-ui.k-.-t-_ (lllod with tinyt
.ORibuil* n il pint: fill   bow for Itoj-**;
a isroon brnkcl with Iill. h of the valley
-liv.. ' uil|'.> for Lilian; ii «lldcd
■'ot r   * lo'itti with pnpor tone of
•  ii.' fyr Violet.
Plrl
$106 Rownril, $100.
Tlw rn-trni nf iw» tMprr will b* plNMftl ta U_»
(Mt thrtr |« tit Ir*». iin* *rlrr«itr<l itlt*-\*r llul *r*mt»
hit tnn *u* to fun- in til lu nutm, *n4 Utal tt
0»l»nli, tlnJIt -UU'rn <*vr« In thn «ilf [naillni
nit* i..i* lanwn ui it* lanUt*! lratm.H*,r. t^urrti
*br(a« » (.•niiliwtKX.il )1i«_vr, rruulrr* * tmtMit-
l\m,,\ trr.iiiiidi. MM. iViUrrli (un- U \a\-ra In-
Vr,'\? .-■".■*•,•*( <,ffi1S| Ln*m ll» Mi>a] jtT.rt miltum*
»wrl».-«* «,f iIh> m«l*rm, ilirr-br iif.trfti.nf ihu
fmiH.|.*","l lit tl-i- ,\h i , .,' ', _M*.,i il* latttett
•inrf-rTh l.y lm!l,1fi» i.|i Hk. tm 'itlull<,n »'J *wi>>-
ma rutun- in it.il. * lit vmk. It* ftnrtku>n tut-
in.) tnnrli hull hi O* ninnir iKimn tlmt -ihry uflu
»»*. Iliiiilrnl li.U in t"t ««»• r**n thli  II fulll W
*iMi>« r. t n«*.vi:v 4 t\v.T*i*a.O,
K.-I1 M' ill Vrnr't*!,*. 7!f.
T»U lltll i futosiy nm I«r <«»Ml(«Uuft. ■■)
.f?y~.
•■-\~ '.ftT.-*.
"i*1*     ..    A   v *">     .      .   I*       *"W   I   .■i-S*_|i>
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aSfe*
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c"v_,*'ji_«3!'*._,'__. '* ■_.-.* t^___..__   _____ -l.v       ..-.    ci,1    .**    _
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U-^-JU'Vy/f-r i .v..... ►■*-?-1''■-.'
'l " r   ~-fJ.* 4t_V- "**'"'^     S (l,.^lV-*ff1    *J-   "*-..«   *•   ■* _4,,'11   -_.'j   '" ■**y'*'* *
. • >"fM-*>3^ $, '• 7 .'. V%*t"; !*..;- :jy 'ri-
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■icw*"lX"-*^'**a ■"*-
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*i',..V
PAGE   EIGHT
TH1J1 MSTRIOT L_tDGEBt FERMIE,', 7B.C„ MAY 27,1911-;'
■-/•si'
:AK0TJND,T0WN
,' Jas,-McNicholas is back from Calgary after a few weeks absence.- Could
rnot'stay, away.   -'■ ■   "   •',■•"•:' '.*.'
The town was practically deserted on
'Uie holiday, large crowds going to Elko
and'.Cranbrook.,   .'',''..-.
■      '• * -    -    ■    ' ' .    ., '
'' John Locke has secured ibe contract
from Thos. Crahan'at Michel to paint
and decorate "his hotel. ,   .
Ge your tickets .at MacLean's fo_ the
'Isle of Spice.' .. .'B'.7
..Next Tuesday Barneys Circus wiirbe
here "for one day only. May 30th,    ,
. Harry Lombard's-hopes, of wresting
victory from Billy Lauder were blighted at Cranbrook on the 24th". ",
Misses Mae and Jennie Johnson,
from-England, joined.their sister Miss
Ada Johnson, here last week. '•
-/.'", Mrs. T. Biggs left on Wednesday.
! morning via (jr." N. • for Vancouver, ..on
"a,visit to her daughter, Mrs. Brooks..
R. L. Borden,' the Conservative as
pirant for the'premiership of the Dom*
inlon'''will not include B. C In his(it
inerary. ' *   „,
_g -tiimseji..- i:qo
•**©•:,     ''-. ;   - " •'-.••*-■;-'_   -. ^-_ --,T--*-,-;-.-, .,
-Mr. George Barton of the Empress
Transfer-Co. is away on , the" prairie
this' week'buying more horse flesh for
his constantly   growing business.     -..
J Mri'Peto Patterson commenced duties on Monday morning In the stable
of the Geo. Barton Express Company
*• as teamster. ,. .*.-',
Mr.. James Ashworth, formerly manager, of the Crow's Nest, Pass Company
having - decided to remain in British
Columbia, has taken iip his residence
iii Vancouver. '•■ - »   "'  *
"G..G. Moffatt,'of Cree'and .Mojff att,
-real estate dealers, was up tq Lethbridge several days last week.^ Business continues to be brisk about the
southern Alberta capital.
Report has lt that Premier Sifton of
Alberta may-grace the round table at
Edmonton's law foundry with the title
of "Sir,Arthur' on his return from the
Coronation ceremonies.
The suits for,the Fernie Band were
"ion exhibition in the window of Carmichael and Edgecombe on  Monday
' evening and were worn , officially pn
the 24th of May when.the local mu-"
' sicians journeyed  to ,Cranbrook■_ .'to
take part ln the celebration on Empire Day. .      '    ■    ','   '- -. '-,.
Mr. Ed. Bridge, formerly of Coal
Creek, but more recently of Bellevue,
now of Creston, was in town Friday
visiting friends before proceeding to
the California of Canada, where he has
purchased property and intends.,. to
make home henceforth and for evermore.
Ruth Knowles,' of 'Coal.Creek, • has
been - given-one year's free," subscription to .this paper for her answer to
the amount of rent for'the shack at
Maple Leaf Bellevue. The" amount is
a mere detail of trillions of dollars.
Pred Simpson," the well-known newspaper man formerly of Cranbrook, but
now Interested in Kamloops Real Estate, passed  through last .week    en
. route to -England' for the purpose of
Interesting British capitalists'in the
- .advantages to be derived from the purchase of property situated near tne
*•■ Thompson River. *-
1 One of our* paid-up subscribers*^-
lohg may his tribe "continue—called
upon us on Thursday and gave»evidence that the hens 'are doing their
best to aid the miners in their struggle
in the shape of a sample of-what a
white Orphlngton*'. can do, weighing
slightly "over 4 dunces.    ,."*,■ .-.'.
Two accidents,, one of which resulted 'in,the- death- of two men and'the
other in- ihe serious,in jury of five" persons" ori imaini. T thoroughfares In' this
city-, have-- In ;them. elements : which
shouid" cakse'all'citizens to consider
where we'are*-at... The,coroner's jury
has said\ the.(Robso,n "street live wire
that killed-two men was the result of
criminal negligence. • . Fortunately ,no
coroner's inquest has-been necessary
in the case of the Granville Street accident' when the brick, coping of an
old building fell" over into the'street
at a very busy hour. *',        \'f
It would appear from the evidence
at the inquest'sand from the facts
known of the" Granville street accident that badrworkmanshSp lies at;the
bottom of'both". ^Evidence at the''inquest showed,that "a primary wire-car.
rying 2,200 volts' had < been so placed
that it came in .contaqt with, a guy
wire or vj.ee versa. At any rate had
gjpod workmanship been'done at that
point the . live' wire could not have
converted an, innocent. guy rope * into
an instrument of death more fatal than
the most venomous serpent. . ' y
..Poor, workmanship' caused a flaw in
the galvanized Iron that protected the
•Hmber that supported the brick coping
in the Rodgers building. . Thetwater
came through the flaw and rotted, the
timber that supported the bricks and
these fell down* on five people whose
escape'from death'ls marvellous. 'Also
it is astonishing that more people
were not "injured, the streets at'that
crowded.
who- are taught by .Socialist .leaders
that their employers are tbeir. enemy
Ies and exploiters 'and ithe. doctrine of
give.as little'; for .as much'as .possible .,    .... .,,.,..,
is steadily-preached to .the.workmen The contractor has.a>rush:,jobfon," and
_-'       _.'•*-."*,•   '_-.   ._   _._.'. _'__.*.- ____.__.tn rr 4-V.nl- +*_.<» -arm-lfor was __v_n__*' mnra
in the mineworkers a board -of' ixini^
inflrsi "composed of three.f.ona'jTrp—*' .lie
employer^,.one. from the^'euiplcyees,
indl*cne..from'.th&. g6vernment;-*''.inust
pass on the'fitness of an.ia'p^licant before, ho (is- given his'^rtitfeate^as'-'a
competent*: mirier.' fy"Qriion'*\workm'eri
are .sometimes compelled by^tbetr" employers, to scamp their :Vdrk'arid we
kripw;"of "carpenters with" a' knowledge
;ofCth.feir-.craft acquired" in GreatJBritaiin
•Wlio .Have been discharged.* because
they .persisted in '-'doing.", good*';,work.
whd.;'so far J as. Interest in,, their work
The Canadian Conciliator is1 the title
- of a new publication that has for its
avowed object of existence the promotion of Peace, and amy ;Whoti are interested in aiding* In the promotion of
good fellowship among nations are ask-
,ed to' write to M.'C. H. Keys'* 226 Confederation Building," Toronto,^who' will
~B'adiy"*furiiis_"additional _nformation~
-?     ■   *       i
Last "week the newspapers, were full
of accounts of heat .prostra,tion8 in
,' Chicago, Cincinnati, Milwaukee, Baltimore, St. Louis, Philadelphia and other
eastern-cities but we. have "riot, heard
of any in British, Columbia, therefore
bow'pleased weoughtto.be that we
llvo in.a country\where several Inches
: of anow falls during '"the** latter' part
of May, thus precluding thc possibility
of. being sufferers like those of the
effete east. O come! let ub rejoice,
but wo don't. • *
' ''An alarm was turned in from box 34
(near the Baptist Church) at 1.30 this
morning. ■ It is presumed that this
was ttie doings of some boneheaded
gentleman who wanted amusing.
(Archie says. "Not guilty!") It.might
be'.'as well1 tb remind these exuberant
spirits that although their skulls may
be rather thick, the fire boys , will
create a lasting impression" if they
catch them:
t}me of the day; being very
Was it "incompetence or carelessness
of the man who twenty years ago sol-
dered^tile.'joint that opened up and let
in the "water?     Down to that man's
inefficiency or carelessriess must be
written the accident from which five
people are now lying on beds of pain.
And the' man who,- strung the primary
wire on Robson's "street and failed to
place it a safe distarice from, another
which little children* used to  swing
oh?. That man is responsible for the
-  - -  , ...   death of two: men—the * s man  .' who
WANTED-A   Dressmaker   and   a sldmped hi^.job on ttie ^y or primary
tailoress, just arrived, prepared to^do       .   t. *       Rohson-streGt.     Coroora-
all work in their, respective' callings.
For particulars apply Ledger,Office.-.
-*..    '     ' "     ,  "     .**'-*-' '.*-' ,   40-tf.
;.TOv "RENT.—Three-roonied modern
Riinprain'w'- _ri    McPherson^.A^enuQ
or both, on Robson' street. Corpora
tions riiay.be held responsible, and'it
is-right-they should be, but there, lies
upon thes head of some one man iri
this city the blood of two men: ** That
man cannot shirk hls'respon'slblllty he
or. solicitude-for 'their eriiployersv in
terests go',-, are: "--merely automatons.
That, sense. ■ of ^responsibility *., which
makes-for. pride iii. one* work and a
deBire * for .excellence has been" completely undermined in" workingmen by
ti}'e pernicioug.ciass:hating teachings of
demagogic Socialism... .'.
,Seldom* Is^a.workingman seen who
lakes'genuine pride In'his work.*  Unionism has. lumped, him with the com-,
peterit and incompetent.    It makes no
distinction between the good, bad or indifferent. ,. To unlorilsrii all. workmen
look.alike. '.-"Any man;calling himself
a .printer/1, a. carpenter or a plumber
may join a union and no inatter how
many times he may be.fired for Incompetency, so long, as his dues, are
paid, his, membership will stand.     A
printer who "does-not know enough
about his work to" "pile" old horseshoes
in a blacksmith shop ls put by unionism upon exactly-Jthe same plane as
the artist-compci who depends not upon
the -slim certificate of merit^contalned'
In a, union" card, but upon the skill of
his hands arid the training of his brain
to  prove  his  mastery  of  his -craft.
Yet-the blacksmith's helper    calling
himself a .printor can demand exactly the same wa'ges'as the'artist.   Why.
then" should the "artist-printer care? His
own craft refuses to recognize merit.
It reduces hiiri"and all his kind to the
dead level of mediocrity.     The boss
cannot afford'to "pay him the ^difference" in.his value over the incompetents because the competent men have
to' make up to the employer his losses
on the overpaid incompetents.
So personal responsibility and pride
In wofkmanship^re being slowly
throttled -by the'" Socialist unionism of
this-city* and I-.-belleve that Socialists'
are generally seeking, to control labor
unions;asothel.nx.QS.t-feasible route to"
power and*. grkt/^-Vancouver Satur-
day'-Sunset-.**"-" '-••■■.. ,- .-.._, '_'•
,-(Ed.—Regardless rof being ,tiiougllt
sent.rit1ou'S,"~lf.-thore be no effect'.wlth-
out a''cause;.itjwOuld please us to know
wlia-; AVas\at**tb"e"*back. of "'Bnico's*:
niitiil  when .'He:'delivered himself ..of
seeing that.the worker was giving more
-_•*•_.-_. _,.x-.,,..4.i.„_ v_I'^_._.*lr_. i.—_;_..
' -- -'' *        . -.   , "*.   _**  ■ * y a ;xmf l ,, '■■':.-r^ ->7'J\l- *, j-v   -       .v-  -, ,,,..,*&■. ,, f*f.;-*_\   ■*.       -yv
BORN   ■ ;!>
. EGG—On Sunday, Mtiy 21st," 1911, to
tho wlfo of G. C. Egg, a daughter. All
woll.
Plastered aridiwell finished;,.".Apply,
Wm. S.!Pearson, McPhersdn Aye. ._""-
- l   40—3t.-ri."p.
, LOST
On Thursday between Suddaby's
Drug Store and Pellat Avenue"East,
via Pijo. and City Hall, a brooch, circular in shape, outer rim. of Scotch
pebbles, bloodstone and agate; centre
silver thistle, amethyst forming flower.
Finder please return' same --to Miss
Daniels, co. Wilkes' Boarding.House,
Pellat Ave. ' •."'-   40-t.f.
FOUND
On the North End of town a Purse
containing srriali sum of money. Owner
may have same upon proof of, claim
nnd payment for this ndvt.
v~_._^Ji_««:infrt1_'A.._.f_\_«_*__f_._Ha___*l_,_>. rtf_\vf)1-k_
lie did on those wires.
7 It s'lmriiers down to this that personal'responsibility seems to be fading out of bur modern- twentieth century, life. ; Corporatlpns.submerge the
personality and with .It the personal
responsibility, of the men who guide
and control them. 'Into tli*? ha'nds
of these ,men are given vast powers
for which neither the law nor their
conscience need hold them responsible.
To their directors and shareholders*
alone-are they amenable. If the company's 'machinery, or equipment kills
someone*the* company niay.he held
liable, but'the liability Is merely a
financial one. •; Seldom' ls ono man
pointed ,to by the law and tnken, as
"thnt man." ■
Labor'unlons organize workingmen
*_.ni____rA_f_.*___lA' _iTti_e__n_1__*___rmn__rlr*.
.-auv i\A-^i.*t\.*3.—._,v-»w-«.»v.vw——. — -—-*—-^
able how we^jump'-to conclusions .based 'upon' fragile premises. So prejudiced do :sbitfe-. Individuals become
that like the wolf,'In Aesop's, Tables
they.Btr'aln Imagination,to the breaking
point, in order to/bolster up their rati-
cor and show I. Justification foi*,.,their
act's,'.: Ml union men .are riof. honent,
nor likewise IS-thlB 7vJrtuo a monopo
ly o: those who oppose it. but we, do
"fin.f that, speaklng,,-generally. thoss
who band them8elvesvby the force of
clrrumfitances'lnto collective bargain
n'pkers are better7workm.i in ibe
inn'.n than'nbn.unlon men aro undor
liko conditions. Tn mnny organization*-
a mar must possess certain minllficn-
tio'ts' before.-allowed .memborshlp. this
notfibly so Iri-tho electrlcnl workers",
thu,typographical, tho teamsters, and
care\td details ■ than he^thought heces-*
sary, explained in language'inore,forcible than polite "You're doing a good
job right enough,' but there wlll.be no
PROFIT In. it, for-me.". .Some have
had a' pride in "their"work,.pf>whlch
Bruce deplores the iack, and quit the
job, others .have compiled ,wlth  the
demands of lhe-employer, satisfying
theinselves' with tbe expression -"It's
up to me to get a.llvlng wage and,he's
the boss." , The Individual'non-union,
superior workman Is the exception, not
the rule, no better proof of this can be
advanced than the difficulty, of employers have tb.flnd. competent sub-'
stttutes when a..strike is on.- Class-
hatred doeB not' exlst'amorig.the members of the working class alone as Is
clearly evidenced by verioriious attacks
made upon organized labor by, Otis,
Ktrby, and "a host of others .'upon McNamara.   Tliese passion .blinded fanatics at first.blamed, the explosion of
the Los Angeles Times Bulldlrig. upon
disgruntled- members of the Interna:
tlonal Typos .'Union/ but.*: later'.with
equal vehemence they' attribute 'It to
the   Structural   Ironworkers:     That
there was an ^explosion- and a - most
unfortunate one nobody/doubts,  yet
it was • clearly,- shown that before it
happened' leakages-'Of; gas 'bad been
noted ancl. that. on..he„day-of the explosion several "employees were compelled toogo,riome feeling very sick as
a result of inhaling the gas fumes,
• Rash assertions such ' as; made . in
the article about, blacksmith's helpers,
etc., joining the typo's union is, "and
Bruce should know lt, simply tommyrot
of'the'crassest type.    If there be any
Individual, cause for dissatisfaction is
no reason for a wholesale arid* erratic
denunciation, void of all but the merest .'spark of reason!" Socialists who
inveigh" agalrist, the employer per se
instead of against the regime which affects both capitalist -ani laborv and
from whose effects neither can escape,
are .equally as illogical as'our.Vancou-
.ver. cd-teim .Jit Is capitalism ^that-the
Socialist combats and*not the"individual;"■..■otherwise * he might.-as weff,ally
himself-, with  the Trust Bustess^or
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The quality'of our'table;suppliesfcaiiriot.,l)et*"ex-^..
* j celled or our prices r duplicated elsewhere.   •'■ . {r   • Jr,
:*■''"'  •'•■'-,■•.>? ^ •$"»£'.{{{ yiy -.-'; -'-■->,: .-'*'••'.V
' -   " These -essentials'.^together'with:asstore .service ■-;.
,,'   '. ■,'  . ■• ., ■-'•,*'. '""*-'i '"'' i
'; that ndeavours to.satisfy.in every^particular, makes .. ,-
your,trading_iofea1,pieasure and a source of profit.
'-,    '" 'I*'"      r.yy.''-'---''■'   '*'    '   .     -' "*-     :     '•-.',''•- -' in.  '
^Examine the special1 values   for., Saturday and    ;
, .Monday selling and get'the benefit of tlie saying,- . >■:/
'". Wo, save money for others, why not for you?,
•'    ',* .--  ■ ';,'ij;\-r '''yr ■"'"■' ' ■ "•"   '
Bovril; 2 oz.:bottles-. ,7.-. .*...:..- .'
Bovril, 4 oz. bottles'.]....,	
. Choice Ontario Creamery-Butter,'per lb.".
,, 3 lb. Tins Pork andjBeans .. ."■ 	
Herring, Tomato Sauce1,-imported'....'"..'.
• Split Peas, 5 Ml for :".'...;'....,....'"..'..
" ^Vliite Beans. 5,lbs. for—;'...: -.*.-;
' Japan Rice, 5 lbs. .for'-!...: .'1--._.';..'
Shredded "Wlicat Biscuits, each ....:'.
■*' , **■ ,i *     , ■*
Toasted Corn Flakes, 3 pkts. for .,-.;
•Post Toasties,'3:pkts ior\ ....:. .7.-.'.
! "cVamo^m^Brwkfast.Pood ."..*.'
- Harrington Hall Coffee, 'l-lb.'-tins'..'..
■Royal Household Flour, 10 lb. sacks
V      ■'     ; *   , .- .*"'.<-     '-,„"■' j\ .***•- .    - *
$>   : -, '.'Roj'al.Household FV)ur;":J 50 lb. sacks
other pettifogging reformers"^)-
Here if is, Waiting for U
•>FOR» RENT—Helritiman* , Parlors,
Miners' Block, either, whole or part of
store.-r-Art.ply,.*D.' Rees, -P...07361,
Fertile, B. C.    .7.7 .'    "i   '"-<" ',
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Jelly. Powders, 4' pkts';for
Hartley's 1 lli.'-CrQcks" -Jam \'\..:'.-...
>"33o.*,:
60c,
30c.
- 15c!
:..ii' i7c.
...:'. ,25c.
v".*/!..:;25cf
^.V,.V" 25c:,
.... 7 '25c.
,i...;v-fl8d>
;V.'..,.'r,43c'
,'"..'.'$3*.257.
'.'.."■$i;_5...
...;..i 20c.
-*■ *■      ' ■_, '     '" .'    'A i i»        ' * -
X"^: Crosse and Blackwell*s and Robertson's Tib'-;
7, FOR SALEh-Bargain for quick. purchaser—One Acre of land in' West
Fernie. Apply, Lodger Office.-'-a, 40-4t
One Night Only
Wed.  May  31st
..^-■.w... v*mR*tnm*»-*aa
Isle
A Company of
40 People
The   Big   Musical
COMEDY OPERA
* ■ Jars Marmaladef,...........-..'-..*..
Baby's 6wii'Soap>~per,box7-.." .';....
.-.  *   '•"■    *"' _-*^~','*    ' '!v '*",.',
Sapoiio'''..{.,,-.,'.' -.py^.y.. i.'y. y.'. -...
B. C. Pure Cane Sugar, 20 lb.- sacks .".
3 lb. Tins Lard .: -:-.---.-':'.'. '."_'.-.'.*..'..'..'.;....
5 lb. Tins' Lwu '{... { _'.7-... /'. iO.:". |...
; 10 lb. Tins'Lnrd .'.."../.,.'... ir.'. '.:i.....
i "-■-'.-, y    -     •     i .'
; Ontario Pbtatbes'p'er^sack\*_.. Ji.-J..
'2 lb. Tin's' Table* Syrup ■:..':..'. .''.■".-.>:';
;Toilet Paper, oval arid flat, 5 pkts. for .v, ;v-
L._»lo_1_."___r___i'_.jmi___T!*o*a _-i-ftff*nlnr_5n'r' __.'*-■_.* ,_.__A
!V 'Fine DenverOnionsj'6 lbs! ioY.y.':.,:;.>:..;...>'>.;->.25^..,.,
. "',;."4 oz;'Flavoring/Essence, best;-quality*\'-.-i^i^i26c:C.
V *     Fry . Breakfast Coctiar% tfj tibsJ. :%V".:%: ?^( ^
.)mc{ ]y :-
^H'25c.7 ^,-
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$i**35,'-; V. *
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Best Musical
Show Ever
i
WANTED—A Resident Agent for tho' ^
Crown Flro Insurance Company of To- a
ronto. Liberal commission to tho man -S
who produces "tho businoss, Apply! 1
Maritime Trtist, Company, Ltd,, 225,If
Hastings Stroot, R„ Vnncouvor, II. C„
Gonornl Agoht for n. C.        . 38*3t
.
,20 Acres of* fine; Land at $30 per
acre, covered with tnmarac and cedar.*'
Also/oho half aero'',lot, $160. Apply,
J. McLaughlari, West Fernie.   . 4*0—4t
MONEY TO" LOAN—M. A. Kastner
Fernio hnd .district for tho Colonial
Investment Company, and is prepared (
to advance money on business blocks
nt a-reasonable rato of Intorost.
FOR SALE~Two English Bull Terriers, two and half years old, (25; or
will soil separate; unrelated,' W, Par.
noil. Fernio; B. 0.
-This Is your opportunity to h«*?nmo
Independent. Sarj.cc Oardcns, nd
Jolnlnn the'benuttfiil now city pnrlc
now bolng secured hy Cnlgnry from the
Govornmont Is the finest Mnrkot
Gordon proposition in Alborta todny.
land hns boon thoroughly tostod, and
has proven highly satisfactory, Tho
prlcos on Mnrkot (Inrdon produco are
high nnd tho occupntlon li vory pro
fitnblo while thb work li light.
You can get no hotter Investment,
Work yourself and got all tho profit,
In ten aero tracts, prlco Is $160.00
por aero. Terms: Qiinrtor cash, bal-
nnco ovor four yonrs.
We have only 2L tracts left. You
should DO IT NOW.
Ask us about City proporty, poultry ralsnig farms Mn all parts ot tho
provlnco and business openings,  Wo
havo them.      ■>
' writ«   LAvmnrcn, * oiirtih   a
HORNRR CO., Calgary, Altn.    (85.0
50c to $1
It is To Laugh
Advance Sale
at'McLean's
CITY OF FERNIK
NOTICE
NOTICB Is hereby given that tho use
of any privy pit within the limit* of
iho City of Fornie Is prohibited by
lnw and that such pits ns havo boon
In uso must be forthwith filled iri, with
iwfli, In pari* ot lho rlty whlrh are
not accessible to the sowage system,
ftfinljftrj' pan* (with drj* onrfb or lint*)
must he used; to ho rcfiiiltirly emptied
by the City Scavenger.
Any person tailing to comply with
these regulatlona will he prosecuted
!_**r live lta***'. of H-Mlth.
Medkkl Health Ofllcer.
3. 2t *
Is now with ur. If you arc nnt,-wcll>cqu^pod with*,
a propor ..yot. day garment you will" dc 'well to,
consult'us, '*   ' -i*" ' '--'•. y' '
A big variety of what is newest in '    **■  ."*' _'     ■]•■
Women's     v
Waterproofs
' CravoJWtlo,Coats, in dark Grey nnd Olive Covert
Cloths, mnile in cither seVen-cighth of full length;
semi iitlctl lmeltH, Htyliwh collar*nnd u very no.
vicenbelo cont for tuiy season, price $8.76, ,, •
In Nnvy umi JUiick, rather light weight, semi-
fitting, full lcngthB, nmdc with thc popular, 'PrcHto'
Collnw, n olylish cont for $18.75
Same style in Grey nnd Olive Covert effects,
$13.75.
Paramottn. Coat, n rollnble waterproof without*
rubber, full length, Hcmi-fitllng, made with military liipoln'r "PrcHto" uollnru; prices $10.60, $14,50
i\ml $18,75,
d
RubberlEOd Coats, in Shepherd'» ClieekH, vory
offofitivo pontH, Homi-fitting bncltH, full longth,,roll
collar', price $10,60
In Twilled Silk effectfl, snmo styk'H iih above, in
Pawns, lllfiedn and Grays, price $12,50
ii <
Snmo'ntylcK in Shadow Stripes, in Navy, Gteciu
* t. , i m _ t\n
mul j. <«liiiii, m* y1"'*"*
■        ■     i ,*    -   *
Auto Coats; Miinish, Tailored Sleeve, brand bnck.
n (lppondnlile garment when a genuine waterproof
iH required,    Prico $16.00. „r
Children's Wash Dresses
Another lot of Children's Wash Drl'sses nt prices
ranging (rom 86c. to $2.26.   These dresses arc par-
tleiilnrly woll- made nnd thoroughly good fitters,
; nnd tbopripw* M» *»j-h that it pivya to buy thorn
rflthcr tlmn rnnkc up thc goods.
I
Trites-Wood Cof, Ltd j
\
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PAGE TWO
THE DISTBJC.  LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C, MAY 31
S3.50  RECIPE  FREE,
For Weak Men
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have it Free and
Strong and Vigorous
1 have In my possession a prescription
for nervous debility, lack ot vlgov,
weakened manhood, falling: memory
and lame back, brought on by excesses, unnatural drains, or the follies cf
youth, that has cured so many worn
and nervous men right In their own
homes—without any additional help or
medicine—that I thlhk every man who
wisheB to regain his manly power and
virility, quickly and quietly, should
have a copy. So I have determined to
send a copy. So I have determined to
charge, in a plain, ordinary sealed enve
lope to any man who will write me for
This prescription comes from a physician .who has made a special study ot
men and I am convinced It is I Iui cur-
est-actlng combination for tho euro of
deficient manhood and vigor failure
ever put together.
I think 1 owe it to my fellow man to
"■* aend them a copy in confidence so that
any man anywhere who is weak and
, discouraged with repeated failures
may atop drugging himself with harm-
ful patent medicines, secure what I
believe is the quickest-acting restorative, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy over devised, and so cure himself
at home quietly and quickly. Just drop
me a line like this: Dr. A. E. Robln-
■on, 4907 Luck Building, Detroit, Mich.,
and I will send you a copy of this
*plend_<J recipe In a plain, ordinary en
velope free of charge. A great many
doctors would charge $3.00 to $5,00 for
merely writing out a prescription like
this—but I send It entirely free.
le
Alabnstino is easily applied.    AH
you need to help
you is cold water
and a flat  brush.
Alabastine   walls
make the home
lighter, more
cheerful and
beautiful. It will
not soften on the
wall like kalso-
mjne.  Because
it ia a cement, it
willhardenwith i
age, becdmel
part ofthe wall |
tittelf.andlast
for many
years.
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, .Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, _-"ish, "Irrtperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OR CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
,—^_       AnAlabasdnewallcan
"_^T he re-coated without remov-
~ ing the old coat.    Alabattine
walla are the moat sanitary. They,
are hygenic. No insect or disease (
germ can live in an Alabattine wall.
Alabaatine one room, and you'll
want them all AUbattined.
Churchy Cold Water
Alnlnsttiie
Dropinandletusshowyo.beau- t
eiful samples of Alabattine work.
FREE STENCILS
',Let us show how to get beautiful
Alabattine Stencils absolutely free.
With them you can ac*
complith any desired
color scheme—you can
make your home
charming   at  a
moderate cost.
i
J. D. QUAIL
Hardware - Furniture
The Island Situation
We are indebted to Mr..Geo. Petti-
grew, Board -Member, District 28,
for the following:
The situation on the Island remains
much the same as last week, the men
of the various camps remaining solid
and determined to fight to a finish.
The coal corporations and their
friends have had many rumors going
such as "the Washington operators
having paid the officers of the Union
a large sum of money to call this
strike, thus allowing them to capture
the markets hitherto supplied by Vancouver Island.
They also prate about the amount
of coal coming from Washington to
the Island every day, and that Uie
financial support promised by the International being only so much talk
and nothing to it.
Notwithstanding all tbe attempts
made to make trouble and cause dis-
sention ln the ranks lt is having no
effects.
We have been having some good
meetings of late, the last one being
addressed by Bro. Farrington on Sunday last (a photo of which will be
sent later). •
The Dominion; Government have
had an officer of * the Labor Department here for a few days investigating conditions, lt is said he has been
busy working among the so-called
joint committee trying to have them
make application for a settlement under the Industrial Disputes Act. This
act being so good that at Britannia
Mines the W. F. of Miners have been
on strike for several months after
having got the decision under this
splendid (?) piece of legislation.
The Premier of British Columbia
(Sir Richard McBride) sent word
since the general strike has been in
operation (although in an indirect
way) he would be willing to have the
Cumberland and Ladysmith dispute
settled by arbitration, and this after
having been appealed to .repeatedly
during the past eight months.
' We are having considerable trouble
in watching men from England and
Scotland, these .men having had it
misrepresented to them that they are
coming to' new coal fields, the coal
companies advancing their fares, this
to be paid when they start work.
We have had several cases tried
before the half yearly assizes of men
alleged to have -broken the law in
Cumberland and Ladysmith in '/the
early days of the dispute, and although found guilty according to the
evidence—one-sided, of course—have
been dismissed with suspended sentences of from one to three years,
GEO. PETTIGREW.
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—I notice in your issue of
'May 24th the publication of what Ib
said to be a draft of a proposed agreement that is to be the basis for set-
tlement of the miners strike on Vancouver Island.     Of course, I do not
know, neither have I been able to
learn, who is responsible for the publication of this, said to be, proposed
agreement. However,-inasmuch as I
am in charge of the Vancouver Island
strike, I do-know that the proposed
agreement, as published, does not set-
forth correctly the miners' position,
and that it was published without proper authority.
F. FARRINGTON
(With reference to above, the proposed basis of agreement was clipped
from The Columbian (New Westminster), a paper which we have invariably found to be impartial in handling labor news at the .coast. The
"proposed agreement' ls very similar
to that In vogue between District 18
and the operators of the Crow, and
with the exception of a preferential
list proposed, has every appearance
to the layman of being genuine.
Evidently there must be on the Island
some clumsy, though possibly well-
intentioned, individual handing out
stories to the press, and unfortunately
thla class is not peculiar to the coast.
I —Ed.)
■■"-*. R-werve ■
$3,750,000
Total Assets
Over
(48,000,000
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied with   the   best Wines,
Liquoi's and Cigars
DINING  ROOM   IN  CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
^m&&0^
BANK OF
HAMILTON
Working for Others
THE man who looks Into the future and pic-
turas himself the owner .of
a business, will live to
learn that hiB visions will
always be dreams unless
his foresight has shown
him the need of saving,
Saving is not a habit
that should be started
"sometime," but one that
requires immediate action.
As many days aB you postpone opening a bank account, just „that many,
more days will you be
working for others.,
One dollar will open a
savings account with this
bank, and the highest rate
of current interest will be
credited every six months.
Thomson 6fc Morrison
Funeral Directors Fcrnic,
Local Agents
Orders taJccn tliroug-Hout the Pass
B. C.
THE
Bellevue Hotel
COMMERCIAL   HOUSE
Best Accommodation  In the  Pans.-—
Up-to-Dntc •— Every    Convenience,—-
Excellent Cuisine.
SUITABLE   FOR   LADIES  AND  GENTLEMEN
xS. A. CALLAN, Prop.
BELLEVUE, Alta.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund .,,,
0,770,000
72,000,000
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
6,000,000       Capital Paid Up 	
6,770,000      Total Assets	
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vic.. r«i.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson.
Revelstoke, Vance-over and Victoria.
BAVING8 DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deponlt.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B, BELL, Manaoor
MASS MEETING OF MINE WORKE      RS  AT   NANAIMO,  B.C.
The above illustration is kindly loan ed by the Editor of the United Mine   Workers Journal, Indianapolis.
A New Blasting Fuse
to Prevent Mis-fires
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
CAPITAL, $15,000,000
REST, $12,500,000
MONEY ORDERS
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce, are a safe, convenient and
Inexpensive method of remitting small sums of money. These Order.*?,
payable without charge at any bank in Canada (except in the Yukon
Territory) nnd In th***" prlnc-ir****! c\t)on ofthe United State*, are l-wued at
the following rates; ..'       1!
83 and under.........................   3 cents
Over    0 aad not exceeding $10    0    "
"    10      " " 30 10 ""
»♦    30      •• u 50 15    "
remittances abroad
*.*
•hosU be mfe by vmmetemt BVECIAL FOMSIOtf DRAFTS et* MOKBY
ORDBRB.  Imxm -wUhottt deU-y at n-wmwifcU retee.
L. A. t. DACK, M«M0#/-. FERNU BRANCH
Notwithstanding the great care displayed ln the manufacture of ■ existing types of electric fuses very slight
differences in the gauges or hardening of the platinum bridge cause one
fuse to 'be more sensitive than another, says the Colliery Guardian. When
a number of fuses are being fired in
series the most sensitive may explode
boforo the eloctrlc current can raise
tho temperature of tho others to tho
ignition point, thus leading to a probable miss-fire with one or more of
tho fuses, which may be tho cause of
serious accident,
The typo of fuse invented and patented by Konrad Schaffler of Vienna
is so constructed that tho Ignition or
explosion of tho small charge of com-
posit Inn surrounding the platinum
bridge In oach fuse short-circuits tho
leads below' the bridgo, permitting tho
oloctrlc curront to pass on with In-
crmmod forco to the remaining fuses
In tlio Helios—the most sonsitivo nnd
tlio least BonflltlVQ—will explode practically simultaneously.
.Tlio fuse consists of two oloctrod*
'cs, thu tongue, tho inner caso, tho
alitor ciiho, tho (linen, Uio igniting composition, tho spnen nnd two loiullng
wires, Tho tongue and a rorosB lu
tho oloctroilo form with tlio disc tlio
short-circuiting device Immediately
tho composition Is ignited liy Uio In*
caniloBCont bridgo,,llio OIho *bolow tho
compoBlllon In proHHod down, a« tlio
(Ubo nbovo tho composition offoru
groator roHl.ntu_ieo tlmn tlio dlflc.
Thn downward motion or tho dlBti
Piohboh tin* tongue*Into Uiotocohb of
tho oloctrodo, so forming tho short-
circuit and, whothor tho InonndoBoont
Orldgo Ib iloHtroyod or romalna uninjured tho oloctrlc curront can juihb
frooly from tho electrode through tho
tongno to tho oloctrodo,' Tlio .nnmo
offoctH roHiilt with high-tension fiwm
us with low teMlan fuijes. The disc
I routs on tho upper pointu of tho doc-
j trndos and protoct tho composition
nml platinum Undue un,uiiiat injury
through prtissnro, and Uio. disc Ih
inertly sut-'porttd by tonguo, Tlw
dine p'l-ovldoi* ii firm mipport for tho
olnctroiloB. Tho out-cr cuho !h choked
abovo iuul bdlow, unit trie hjihim ini-
twoon tho bottom of tlio eimo and lho
iIIho Ih flll©(|.[ with Bolld compoBlllon.
On oxploHlon of tho compoBltlon nml
lho (.-oiiHc-quont short-circuiting of tho
two olectrodofl by the dnproBBlon of
lhe toiiguo tho oloctrlr ourrr-nt flows
much moro strongly through UiIb
lilioil-clicutt ta the r**mnfnlnfi- fnn«n
than it would do had it to pass
through all tho platinum bridge*, and
It fhornforo roakoB It absolutely certain thnt all th« iu«e» In serlea explode, i
Fuses QQttntr.irt(>d on thin prlnt.pl->
need not all 'be equally sensitive, although Imgulftflty '» *--m<* r .unectliut
hitherto been the main cause of niilii*.
fires or partial miss-fires when firing
In series. Even if one'fuse were so
extremely sensitive as to fire before
the other, the Interval or Intervals between the explosion of the various
fuses is so Infinitesimal that no difference in time would be noticeable between the explosions, as all the fuses,
even up to 100, would explode within
a fraction of a second, or practically
simultaneously.
This type of fuse has been perfected, and machinery hus been con
structed I'or automatically making aud
assembling the various parts of Hie
fuses, so that the cost will bo only a
fraction moro than that of fuses of the
ordinary typo.—Coal and Coke Oporn-
tor and Fuol Magazine,
HE  IS NOW A SYNDICALIST
FLOGGING NO REMEDY
Tho British Parliament hns a bill
boforo it for flogging thoso engaged
In tho whito slavo traffic.
Concerning this bill Bornnrd Shaw
says:,,
"Do not dccolvo."yoursolf. Most of
thoso who nro living on tho profits
of prostitution will not bq flogged:*
on tho contrary, thoy nro already
nmong the most indignant advocates
of flogging, Tlioy nro Indies and gontlomon, clergymen, bluhopB, JudgoB,
momhom of Parliament, highly con-
noctod.* noon, and pooroBBOB, and pll*
lars of solid mlddlo oiasg PurltanlHiii,"
8TRIKE8 THREATENING
IN GOV. F088* PLANT8
BOSTON, Mny 28.—Throats of a
Btrlho of the 1,200 men omployod ,*u
tho plants or tho Sturtovnnt niowor
Workfl Company and tho Ik-olior Milling Mnchlno Compnny, at Hydo Piirlt,
both of whloh nro controllod by fiov.
lOugono N. Fosh, woro mado todny In
a statomont by International offlcors
f,f   ,•,.,■(- ,,., I    1    I „     1 .  ,     *■.'!■,.'.   *'*'
•.-.     t.*iiw,.._    ,,*._..,»    .luU^v     ...t.u.t.1.
N-nprf-flp-ntntlvt-'tt of llio o-mplny-*-.'. nf
tlio two plnntR callod upon Governor
Fobs and presented n domand for In-
eronBoil wngos and for tho rolriBtnto-
mont of mon alleged to ho lockod out.
ivt.1l   n   fnr. imp  r-rirtiirii-l  XXiiyt  fljri  M'lill"
mattor bo Bubmlttod to arbitration.
Union officials say that tho proposl:
tion hnd mot with a ■ refusal.
FRIEDMANN  PATIENT DIES
ai/}VKtt8VILI4K,.N. Y., May 27.—
HIv xvntilin to tho hour nftor an Injection of Dr. Frledmnnn's turtle serum,
Morris Rosenthal, a local groceryman,
dlod at fi o'clock this morning at Pro-
vldence, and for threo weeks roported
bctlor health, then relapsed, and for
th* past fhrfl« wetton hnd tailed rapidly. Dr. J. W. Peddle, the attending
physician, states that death was duo
directly and alono to tuberculosis.
Qaylord Wilshire wat once known
In America as the '.'Millionaire Socialist."
Men and women ln the Socialist
party'once looked upon Wilshire as
sincere and earnest, and a number of
members of the Socialist party, with
rubber for spinal columns, pandered
to the gentleman whose questionable
methods furnished him ducats to cut
a swath on "Easy street."
Wilshire was proclaimed .by a number of Socialist publications as a wonderful man and as one of those unflinching champions of human rights
who was making history for the causo
of labor.
The publications that paid glowing
tributes toAVIlshlro, made It less difficult for tho trickster to soil Ills gold
bricks.
Wilshiro, according to his own
statements and advertisements .thut
appeared In his mngnsslno, had a groat
bonanza In California, and this gonor-
ous and blg-lionrtod Socialist yearned
to sii a i*o his bonanza with tho, struggling millions of poverty-stricken
wrotchos, whoso hovels woro niennc-
ed by hungor nnd,wnnt.
Wilshire hwnldod to iho world tliat
his mines in ' California containod
mountains of gold, and that ho' would
Konr-roiiHly pormit his poorer brothers
ami HlBtors to pui'chasQ stock in min-
oh, whoso product in the noar futiiro,
would domonotlzo gold.
Wilshiro wiib bo gonorous, that ho
ovon mndo donations to struggling'So*
olnllst publlcntloiifl, becniiBO ho .fait
that „contrlhullons to joui-nnls that
woro dy'iic for hick of nourishment,
would-havo a wholosomo effect on
editors whoso snlnrioH woro moro
priceless   than   thoir   eonsclontlo-is
BCI'liplOH,
For a fow years tho "mllllontjlro So*
olnllBt' hnd a mint, nnd wiib coining
monoy out of tho gullible, who swallowed tho halt of tho eoniiilonon'nrtlst
who woro tho mask of 8oela.li-.ni
while skinning his dupes.
Tlio Minors Magazine punctured Uio
got-rlch-qulck sell nines of Uio "mil-
llonnlro Socialist,' and whon tho gold-
uoinoiieiuur gazed at tho page of tho
muminlim Und r,...i.w(o. un tlto lion*
osty of tho Socialist wild-cnt promoter,
thoro wns an earthquake In the head*
quarters of tho Wilshiro Jobbing do*
partment,
Ti.lS  v7ii0i  III   Uu.   li.tfil.ri.   Illilg^V.tlKl
was notified thnt ho must rotract or
faco an nctlon for criminal libel, but
tho odltor refused to rotract, and thon
tho Soelnllst bluffer sent a whlno to
all the local unions of the 'Wostorn
Federation of Minors, complnlnlnir of
tho Blnndor, nnd llbol that had boon
h■"ftp-id upon him by nn orlltor who did
not grasp tho magnitude of tho wonderful resources of his (WilBhlro's)
mines In California and his rubber
(robber) Industry In South America.
The exposure of the tnagr.tlne stopped the flow of money to the enffers
of Wilshiro, and this exposure started
an Investlptlon that forced the "millionaire Socialist" to "pull bis freight"
across the Atlantic to escape the federal authorities. Wilshire is now operating a measly rag in London,
England.
The "millionaire Socialist" who
once challenged Bryan and offered to
give him $10,000 to debate Socialism
with him on a public rostrum, has
abandoned Socialism, and is now up.
holding Syndicalism as the salvation
of the working class.
Syndicalism has about as much
merit ln giving economic liberty, to
laboring humanity as Wllshlro's mines in California had In yielding fabulous dividends to the rubes who have
mourned their lossos,
Wilshiro may have another mlno or
another rubbor (robber) plant, and
by advocating syndicalism ho may
work off somo stock on tlio syndicalists of Europe.—.Tho Miners' Magazine.
an. Sale Stables
First class Hornet for Sale.
Buys Hordes on Commlslon
George Barton    Phone 78
Wr.
■*_   '*(   ."•"
arn|$i#
Is tho best* remedy
known for sunburn,
hoati rashes, eczema,
soro feet, stings and
blisters.   A skin food t,
All DntftUtt ani 8tern,~t0t,
M. J.
Manager,
STANLEY
Fernie   branch
J
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
*-
Wines,
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Wliy
Rent ?
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Coleman
Realty Co.
AOBNTS FOB
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
H. G. GOODEVE CO* 5 Ltd.
....... ■	
The Complete House Furnishers
of the Pass
»  7
Hardware Furniture
 "i 11. llinn ..I ■ ■ ■
Wo will furnish your houso from collar to garro.
1   and at bottrtin prices.    Call, Write, Phono or
Wire    All  ordors given "prompt ..attention.
Coleman,
xVita.
If you aro satisfied toll othors.   Jf not satisfied toll us.

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