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The District Ledger Oct 28, 1911

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Array J.'7
"'.:-.. \ ,.'
'.   ir '
7 yy    7    7 yyV%7y
.   Industrial Utfty "is Stre^^ ' "
17-7 '      • '  .'HWJfy^V.**;
T       ,1  ,1 '•     ' l
■^ -~-   $.:}? ;7
/,| 0/7
/ v f
•:.;;The Official. Organ,of District No. 18. TJ; M^W. of-A.
Political Unity is Victory
■JDaii Fergus6h7Goimes to
yUnfimeljf Death at 7
yy Westminster7?
.;     >.^       -..■   ,   '•        , -a   ,..- ,    "-' ,  .-- 'v -
-, '^On ".Tuesday evening*-a   telegram
i,Reached ,towii _ of. the sudden death in
!' lsTew7\yestminster -of Dan'Ferguson,
,  formerly a''reside'nlTqf,Fernie, but well'
} known ' in V'Pineher Creek, Coleman,
"- Lethbridge and other points along "the
•Passi 7 17. .".    ', \
'*  The. exact cause,, of''death  is not
known,.but is believed to be acctd'en-
■  tal as "he was; when' last heard from,
' -In "good -physical 'condition. '• The:e
-are"' three,-brothers, ono sister {Mrs.
i Wm. Hald'ry), and his'mother still xosi-
••-ding,in Fernie..   _■-,,, -.   y
7.   ThetbO(ly will.arrive over tlie G. N
To .theVEditbr, .District, ledger:—. --
r'Dear' Sir,—Things, have' he61} -.Very-
.quiet", at "this /camp, for the pnst'jew
months. - The Work l of construction'
anddevelopmerit which has foWn'd'eni-
pioyment, for about 300 men" recently,
is almost completed,and read/- for operations on si largo;sqale when the rail,
way traclc,reaches the mines'.';"-This
line,, which branches off the C. P, R.
1% miles west of.. Plncher Station,',
should, according to--contract, hayfe
been laid to the-mines by-the end of
last month, September. -' Unfortunate-,
■ly, however, for those coneerJied7the
strong winds of less .than a fortnight"*
ago blew down part of the h'gi' wood
Several' Differences to de Adjusted Before
•'.-'' '.-,.'' ' ,° > "7 •    :' '
";:'    Final Action is Taken-A Hopeful
:   View of Present Negotiations
f merit wilKlako place from'Mrs. Fergu-
.*son"s;house on Gemmel-^St:.
-to decide Welter weight
making quite n larger'
In tho structure,over wiiieii the
en  viaduct ■ spanning  Mill  C>'°ek at
Mountain Mill
railway track will cross tlio cWasm at,
/to-morrow. (SaUinftyV andl'thc" inter- tl,al l,ln«\    ™s wil1 'l7^Ssi>alP aY
'     ' ' ' least a couple of monlhs'-to ''cuuild-
:'- ,^Arrangements-are,1 under way for. a
bout' betweeji Roy"7..Carso'n of Calgary;
t^and.Charles^ Carver; of New Michel, B."-
"CrTOTTECtvelter weight championship
of 'Canada!'   A'challenge wag* published through the'--medium of-the News
"Telegram1 by "Charles Carver for the
.woIterVeight" championship. This was
-accepted--by .Royr-Carsoji.^'lhro'ifeh' his"
. manager,-Alf Bright. 7 Tho only thing
that .is' standing In the* way is "the
weight.- --Carson says that the best
he can make is 137."   He says that he
will.fight Carver if he, can" moke'-anywhere near i-IO. pounds,'but, he< docs'
not want to fight,a.man that is at
, least, ten pound heavier than ho .is.' '
Where they will, moot ls.not known
ae yet, but there will bo a ?B00 side
between the two. men.l All arrangements will be made within a few days.
•Atj'a special ,moetIng„heId, Oct. 2flth
of Clrcolo Opcrnlo Itallnnl xx Settoni-
', bro,' MS., It wnb' unanimously decided
to expel P, Arcurl nnd fix Mustachlo.
-    This Is to certify thnt it wns ro-
Bolv'cd by tlio Italian Columbia Federation that Pasqualo . Arcurl, ngo.34,
and Oennnro Mustachlo, ngo G8, he ox-
' polled aB por clmiso (10 of tho Conatltu-
" tion of this organization, and for act-
■  lng as strlko-brenkors nt Coal Creek,
and repair.'    . '       ,
. All unfortunate accident, which
uiight have been attended -\yith serious
consequence's occurred on "Monday,; the
11th 'inst/.- , Whilst. Mr, Sinion "Mc:
'Donald .(master rherhanic) and a tow.
gfliers were engaged ii7 repairing' the
•steaurTripu ■co'inioeUHjf nTeyboilSrF
with'the fan", cngjiie', whenjthe st'emii
pipe'.burst, at a"'connection, close to
\yhero the master mechanic wad work*
ing at this time.', The' force of th'e
explosion- -was--terr|fle. . ;The'» unfoi';,
tuhate man" was knocked down , with
fragments of'the pipe,and b'ndl)''scnld-
ed'about the face, arms,, chest find
upper part of the body. Dr.'Connor,
of Plncher ..Creek,-wns in attendance
as quickly as' he could bo .'ojcPoetod,
seeing the camp is 15 miles from tho
last .named' town, and aliened to
him at his home. ' At tho.tlmo ot writing he Is, wo nre pleased to say« rapidly recovering from tho effects of his
painful mishap, and although H will
bo a fow weeks'beforo he can WBUme
his usual duties, he will apparently
ho nono tho worse as the result of )i|s
accident. All tho others happened to
be nt a safo distanco when;the explosion occurred, but how Simon manng.
ed to escape with his lifo is still a
wondorMo tho'enmp. .',
Yours, otc.,' -
, In reference to tlie various interviews I have had
with your committee regarding the settlement of the
.dispute existing in the coal fields of Ea^iera'Briti'sh
'Columbia'-and Alberta, my, understanding, df.thc
'basis'of agreement,arrived at is as follows^ ' .'     ,'
_/'" "Tliat" an,agreement' is to be drawn"un taking
the Gordon Award of the Conciliation Board as-
a. basis.y ' '. , ">
,- '/In=this it is.understood that an open-shop, is1-
.conceded-'to the. operators and a non-discririiilni-,
tion^olaiiseMnserted in the same similar to. the one.
now on-file' with the t)epnvtmcnt of Labor, at':
Uttawa.   * 7'   , v -" ,  •   f ■•
"That a nuifonn da^.wage scale, of wages shall
apply; applicable to all mines in the Association';"
" said:scale "to b^ the scale of "(he "Western Coal
Operators' 'Assqeiatioii > of the last agreement
with the- increased prcreenlago prhviderl hv-Thv
Uoulcn added.'1' ?, ~ -     " —'--'■_
"Contract rates to'be the'same as; provided'in
tlie last'agreements with the following''exceptions. ',       -     " "
they fail to agree, an independent chairman shall
: be called-hi to"1 do so."' If the committee fail to
agree on a' chairman, jtlie Minister of the Interior
shall be asked to appoint oneimiu'cdiately.     •
'    '- "'        Yours truly, -  "'. •?
",1° .      . r. Rogers'.
' During the current week all sorts of rumors have
been in circulation regarding tlie possibilities of. an
"early settlemeut'of the strike, theso no doubt were.
Mhe wish, the father tothe thought,",
' , Tlie amv.11 in'.Lethbridge of the lion. Eol
Rogers. Minister, of the Interior, recently appoint:
ed to that position in",the>Bordou Cabinet, who,came
,n.t the request-of Minister of-Labor C'rothei'S to offer
•Ms services,in the pending" controversy between tbe
mineworkers 'and' the "coal operators, gave rise, jas.
is natural to considerable speculation,, •
. The Grand. Theatre ccitainly proved
that- tho .-much heralded three act play
had come with a good report as a
crowded house, was noted when- the
curtain' went up.
' As a comedian, "Mr. Catlctt ranks
'with the best; ami his side splitting
rally, "I'm Surprised!" produced peals
of laughter whenever it was uttered.;
The "Swede" lady of. sylph like proportions played the heavy female comedienne with vim and'gusto that delight
eil her auditors, and her."Dublin Rn.g"
song received a well-merited encore.
Yvonne-sprightly', spiritu'clle; sustained her role exceedingly well.   In fact,
taking all in all, tho play was indeed
well staged."  ' The    choruses .. were
somewhat weak, and tho introduction
of a littlo more ginger would'by'"no
means diminish their excellence.   The
solos, duos and trios were exceedingly'
pleasing, and the majority of expressions heard after-the show testify to
the appreciation .of "Madame ..Sherry,"
so much so that we understand there
is a probability'of a return i0;£erufc
Enforcing of Curfew By-
Law Brings Officer
•  ■ into Disfavor :
in,, the near future,
-   On Wednesday, afternoon7at a meet- ""
ing. of (the Police Commissioners' 'if'
was decided to call'forthe resignation
of Policeman .Toscph Lyons.        ' \ l'.    '
For some time past it hns boon'a
custom of many young boys tt>- loaf
in-and around  the, entrance to-tlie   .
Grand Theatre.  ." Often sem.'.outyby „
the management I hey would still per- ■
sist Sii returning, and even'when [the';,,
police officer had" chased theni away
they would'come .back.     This, as is'
natural to one-whose duties it is to    ;
attend tp:such matters was exceeding-/-
annoying, coupled with thejeraarks-.
i often   maUe by the  youugstera,_ and .
..WASi^^^^^^t^lC.HTtlhlessj^       a view" to inculcating what he',
fonsb .arfdn'^aJ^io/^fk?'*'^; nw^o bo-'j deemed would be a salutary lesson, be '
'eenjtlie coIlllrV $&$$&?$. Eug- eci^e
^.the^fcay^?'11"" ' —
•• ., -»vi*-"'.,.&-'«i'tro
seized two of (hese lads, taMng them
the City Jail.y One" of - the" boys'
nn-lwfls'the son of-'/iro'.Ghier McDougall,
■fioiial-stvllfo pf ''m^"e^5:'^hJJ^^,0ll,,,? ?l,;<1 {llc flUhei-,'vory muclijiicenscd^at",
! \*\ 1ms hwm-h.rn,..tr^sakaiiga£aiiJBil^
''• On Tuosdny, October 2Jth, tin) Infant
son of Mr nnd Mrs. W. JofferleB. born
o ntho 22nd Inst,, passed nwn,V.
Hnvo you a detective In your house?
If not, you ought to.'  At least thlft Is
wlmt another doteellvo rigenry thlnlcs.
Tho agency does not  hnll  from
Russln.     It 1ms Its hrndn-inrtom in
n clnsslc Uoston. froo Amorlrn. From
thnt liendriunflprH It sont out tho other
day fiovornl thousand copies of nn nl*
luring letter to ninnufiicturors, IjuhI-
lioRu men, and "others Interested" or
' HUely to bo Interested, • In wlileh It
offers to Install a spy, malo or female
in nny shop, factory, or nny other
kind of concern to hcep tab on the
workers, suppress Ill-feeling ete.
Tho unmo noble' detective ngency
nlso nrinouiiooH fn this letter that It'
linn 'unexcelled . facilities for proctir
rnnr-rrnlTiir 1hr- dt.ln.i/i' ot ydiij' u^i-
• Tho espionage system " of   Ilunela
could not offer more.
Hut the letter of the aRcne.y, whose
very effertlvely for Itself,
produced herowlth:
—- Detective Agency,
ttotton, Mass,
•*Dcnr Sir.—Klntlly accept   (be   In
closed   souvenir   with   our   Mmpll-
MA« yoxi hsvo not ss yet nvslled
yourrMf of our wrrlet-s. wWrh hnvo
proven Invaluable to the numerous
raaOTfaciOTliifi ho\m>» that hurts tm-
pK>yM u«, we afaln urgfl yonr patroft'
' bko, feeling confident thst It will result to yonr decided adrsnUre tad
<■ ertwplM* tstlsfnetlofi.
Dy our system of plnclpg one of
our male or fomnlc detectives flfiongut
your liolp ns n fellow emplnvo \o
work and nssoclnto with tlior^i   tvo
An increase of three per-cent in contract
rates, at Lethbridge. -       '■','
2.. ^i tlifferential of five cents,to seven, cents
per (on on'all pillars presently^' without
-    a differential, the'application to be made
by mutual consent. '   7."   '
3.   An adjustment of the contract rates nt
Lille Mines'so0as to make tho, rate.pro-
, , portionato to tho thickness of tho scams.
• •> ~    7
"The Operators agree to'make deductions from
, .Union Members' wages for union dues for such
amounts as tbey have given definite orders from
, the individuals, with specified sum as limit of
"Tho manftBernont'of tho mine is to be fully
vested in the various companies.
"All employes connected with the manage-
mont of Uio mine are not'to bo under tho juris,
diction of tho Union or members thereof.
"The term of tho agreement to bo for throe
and a half ycawi, expiring 31st Mnrelt, lOIf),
"In llio matter of llio selllinR of tbo prices on
new work, which were not, determined at tin1
expiration of Iho hist nffrccmnnt, nnd of the differential on,pillars wbh'h was lo be deferniiiii'd
by mul,unl eoriRonl, it is understood Hint- Mm emu-
mittoe for each side Appointed to complete thin
ftRrcoment determine these prions nl once,   Tf
'TTehad notified the representatives. of DisU'itt
1,8, U.M. \V. of.'A.i.and also .of 'tho'Western Coll
Operators7-Asso'cmtion'.that,"he''wonld'l be please},
tp-confer with them,.and, as a result aV-opy of lij
'{"i'ations woiild be resumed tire given ih\bc (ctUwJ
signed by Mr. Rogers and acknowledged as correct
and duly signed by    .-    ■   ,\ •   '   '
W. B. Powell, 'President,       .
C. Stubbs, Vice-Pre'sideritj   ' "
A. J. Carter, Secretary-Treasurer,
Representing District 18, U. M. "W. A
Ohas, Garner,      ""'■/'  y \
E. Wallace,
Representing tho'Intornatifliml, U.M.W.A.
, Lewis Stockett,
0. E. Wliitesido, \  -\   .
Representing Western Con) Operators'
"   Tho three first mentioned members of tho Kxe-
.cu.tivc of tho mineworkers meet tlio operators at
Lethbridge tn-dny (Friday) for tlm purpose of discussing all the details of tho proposed agreement.
•As there nro many matters of dolnil to be considered theso will occupy tho attention of tho parl-
ios interested so that they mny bo drafted out
clearly for presentation to tlio members of tlie organization to whom they must be submit tod so thnt.
a referendum voto may bo tnkon.
"Wo mny add that it is understood that the men
will be given the snmo working places ns they had
prior to April 1st, provided, nf enime, that, npplica-
tioti is made willi in a time lo his spei'lfiml Inter.
.ORPoelnlly-ln n^at&feMS^VP of pay
tor working jn ii^^/^h pIhcqb.
of nciliVer*"' have had
cyensejiin wages for thc-'day wagemen
Im the boys'employed ' In the pits.
The coal owners have agreed to meet
the' men's "representatives, and if no
settlement Js .reached, 100,000 miners
will strike. The miners in many districts ar>; n'ho demanding the uiioli-
tlonr of piece work. ,
* Tho conl ownors havo.expressed tho
opinion that men working In abnormal places may not work fairly, and
may bo guilty of maltreating, and hnvo
decided not to give way on tho question of a minimum wage. Thoro Ib
almost bound to bo a national strike
of minors In tho near future.
got busy Ayith a view to his rqmovnly ■'
with the result as above .stilted/" " "y
.-There is one feature of this to which.' *
loaf.-   ;
subsequent to the'ringing of-tho cur'  ,
few bell In the, Flro Hall.h'cneb; unless
ns we have already pointed out, tho -'
ordinance be of somo,valuo it seems',
farcical and ought to bo abandoned*
entirely, ' ,' ■  " '
We underfltnnd from tho officer' thnt
It is his intention to hnvo a thorough
investigation relative to certain statements! that have been mndo regarding '
tho manner in which ho has discharge
od his duties, and thai, for this purposo
he hns secured the services of Messrs
Lawo nnd Fisher.
At Blkmouth, R 0., Sunday, Oct.
22nd, Kmlly Maud, beloved wifo of
John Wotton, ngo 3C. Intormont nt
Fornlo took plneo from tho llnptlst
Church, 3 o'clock, Tuesday, Nov, D,
M, Thomson officiating.
Tlio deceased lady wns a native of
London, England, and has not boon in
Canada qulto two years.
A vory, enjoynblo dance wiib held In
the now Dalmon and Wllllnglmm Hull
on Thursday night when Iho 'junlo'
spinsters of Fertile gave their llncho-
loro' Hall. A goodly crowd nttendod.
Kvcelleiit mimln was provided nnd
overyono wont homo nfler having
thoroiighly enjoyed themselves, and *
many woro the oxprosslouo that (hero
might he a repetition nt no distant
Kuthcr Hebokiih Lodgo Ko. no, 1, o,
O. F., Fernie, will hold Hlolr nnnmil
will be In n position to «pprlne you jhnll on Thurndny evening, .N'ovnmber i>,
hy a written dally report of the "In- j jn tho Victoria Hull, TlilH Ih their
sldo' facts Juut ns they exist) nnd!fifth annual hnll, nnd from wlmt we
how to remove tho obstn^lt^, n|8r, jf,„n |<;^m wm fjlI. outshine anything
If In riuy mnnner tho employes fire1 of n like nature <-v<-r givi-n by thin
tnklng ndvnntngo of you; wliotUf-r you eptlt'mblo ordor,     Tho committee In
honelln,     It Ih repmled one hntidn <! itw<'«-n tlm Oniml Tiutile Itnllwnv f'om
nre suffering Impositions on tt"* Pnrt
of your foremen, etc., otc.
"In fact, yon will hnvo nil In one a
detective, systcrnnther, nnd or>° who
In Mmlllnr with labor difficulty;
how to suppress ill feeling ntnonRit
Mm help which might olherwl'"' kf
mltiato In a strike, etc.
Shortly nftor Hotorl X. Clerl*i» tool;
up his position, hI in Hit r' lo tho oik> In1
held In Fertile nf Chief of Iho t'lty
I'olloo ,he was liih'tninontnl In th«< in-
roBt of nn Individual by tho nimxi of
Mo Adam.    Ho lm<! nppronohoil <"li,rl:c
nnd made him nn offor nf n goodly uum
as n bribe to poimlt him  to run •»
gambling Joint on Hip (inlet,     Clorlfo
did not give him a dcflnitu nmiwi'i',
but lator on, with tlio aid of witwsHCH,
'litoured such t'omluslvo «vldoncv of
;nn n'tempt »t suboitiatlon that lundod 'tI„. j,vf],,rn| ,uid StntnuyntoniH of <om
riTTaniiriO, l»a.. Ort. 23.—Suporln* Mr* McA,l,u" l>t'■ll,'•| •f"* hlirH '"r Uv° 'puloory nrbllrntlon In liidiistiial dlhimt- j
toMdoht .T   W  PniiH   nf h,a mum ....-'"'"I    n    half    w«r*   for wlifoh *«ri«'     ;;;< - „,„,,„„„„„,„,.„ iM, ,
fluirgo will fall on you Bliniily w|ih
tlckotB, which oan bo procured for $2.
100 KIU.ED
1'AI.HIIMO, Sicily,'Oct. 21.—An cv-
plnHlnu has orrurrod In a mlno nt Trn*
OTTAWA, Oct. "It.--The lloanl of of tho IiiohiukiI co.i or Ihliif will lnr
CojicUlntlon named hy the labor dc-! rolUncd by an atlvnni- lu lonmiioin.
pitrtmont  to adJiiHt the dlfipntn bo.
jH'i'sons havo boon killed or Injured.
..Failure of Australian Anti-Strike
smyinv-ni-Bpitoiiie <'sim<huo of
and    a    half    venr-«   for wtilMi wmI'
vvi« ni*o tmo un oxcc'lori*. W'stonJ islntlon of tho lu-rcAii of vino*., torin"'t:|<'rko wnR ""npHtaontod mi tho wvm ,v. ,v, .t;,„ n„.,rfc JWi
k..VA'.,'(,lttft tVfci.iuiaCsi iuvort-'Aiton | received a tolegrftm -. from    Foremnn,,n wll,c1, hn *'•"• ,",o,IRh'  t,»'" wnn ■ w,.,.. vt strikes In Aiwlrnlla
i Martin Uurk«, in rhnrgo ot United
Mr lV">kIn. theanll'iir of t'o Vrfr !
It Is ro-
McAthtm, an old oifi-mler, to time.  A i
8Wlc."iMril» i«*u« «'ar"i\o. 7. detailing 7;i!I n*m ut u ''^.''f «1°"'HJIme"l'u">'  .MMffation Act, unyi that  b.- nov. ■
"ir our proposition nppcnls fo you, n thrilling exuerlenc-o nt I-oro Cliy, 1'1,u,u,'t,n' waH l,u,'»B"f,,l ,n *•>"? Vor-1 riini0|ll|,f.rH n time when theso trrmhh
o will gladly send von a Hut of our!oblo. this memine. "fi!1 NVw"B ,u tlw lf,w' thla •rir1'1"''  .fc ,,„,/,„,»,,,«/..  .
ii.i aii> i,mf*i in-     ji,i»t},t men hnd Iwn cmfilit lu   fl  h»ok jomr. jT),( comrnolnvealth liml instltii«'ii tlx-
mine f-xploslon «f that plat* and «.*., ThI*' mny ",m'V nn ,mP«'*<*;''«» «"" , ,,0m,.„, ,nnd most advanced (ixp-rliiicm
coal caught fire.    The jiaciio car nv\\U ,0,"mf,n nr""";1 ,0'fT■• *ot f!f,ft vt'ry ;>vt made with Iho object of pi*v. i.
; "'i'lie nwi]o|ilv of tin" bun nl ap1
glind to rf'iifiri Ihnl (ho i.'up<-rlJit< nil«'«U
of tuotlvi1 iimvcr «',,|iii'i,t,oi« I * 11111-«■ 11' le*
imik'oii" '" <lo c.■!-.tl.lng |icjns'1iI«  to
meet  t'"' VVlsilCM of lilt Tlll'll,     Thl   HJ'K-
, t«lll    i>!    ItlfHlldll'il    l>l#.*lf     uhlln    pfiv.
'(IllltllO   Of   I'Mlfll   t'"(!'i   III   ltd   M'Mllll,   l|1
ui<. ii to (liili'Um, lii thai tho Ichh «'!'■
tu i"iit   do   not    obtain   nUtimtngos
v.hich vmhiIiI iid-ruv to ilir-in under n
goiiernl fl»i'u inliilitiuni.
"Tlie 10,'ijtiiltj  of I ho boavil award
I Mutt   lt',f>   H'lon   rci'ii'ii      trt      »   • '
(iliiit ill our ri'ilnlrm (lm r-i"" r,t <>i"
, ■■ >    •—  -- t f.1 oiild tie riiiviinceil tu n laree tiiimlmf
>'vu of liiihviitu.i! v.t.it.ii.ii. bHi<  i u|t--"l liiiiiMihtnl Instances,
;paii.v ami Itn maclilnlHlM hnvo mndn a
lopori in prut ns follows:
"Owing to llio syKtetn of pnynionf
whl'>li pfewilh, In Ui<- <J;!5i!,l T;i:iiS;
ami \v!>I<h has Ix-eit full) «miI,i1imi! to
ut, (ho majority of tlio board do not
«ef- how It tn puttslblo for the board
to lay down any scheiluU* or iiilnlinui.i
h<if  without illslnratltig    n    «y«t< • i
.... - ,
,.     ....»     ...»     M.I     l.'.l. i..     J',l.""l<.'lll      .  i-
,.',ri    oi    w,.,    *m.*>    ,hhi    i^u.iii,- *.'
rfiRHnllns tlm dnlttii ot your c<?rillJl0tt
w.,v,j;i   it.** ivinxn
formation d<«lred
Wo nre, yoir* vorv tnilv.
-N. V. Call.
DCTF^ITOAflKNCr.lW^wfcndb^nln^ rt,||.-e.  and  lockouts,  but   He
jsco Klvlnic dinnonstratlon,., *nd wn* *B0WM ""'' bl*My vttltUmi formo tot't,.ux.A at the „r<M| lime nn uni«rai
on Hs,w«y to rit(«biir«r for the eihlbl-
'flfer of Femle.
flcleii condition of unn'H* and Inrpiril
V/IH   DEVELOP  ELKO'S  P«V'»?f?. |tion •Dcfortt[,rc»WtRLT.ifi,0.-oWr*,-.t,; .     "^r* 1    Ti..- I'imu had not yet nrrlvwi    to
 " "• j wb**» the foreman w«» notified by wlro .■♦♦♦♦♦^♦•^♦♦♦♦l r\ji\n. n im/Ho** nolo, hut it w,f. «)i -
'l'i; ,ut tlx au-'iU'iu «i U»r*» cnj, ^.
Will A&ume Next Sprint        i   The car wan quickly shifted from the
  Jtrvks *f tbfr r«fiJ3»tii'tl<* n»il*o^l a'
ft has iw^tn learned t>y th«f Tlm* j NWark. Ohio), to those of tho Rah I-1
from a aottcw that   we   re«#M   »*iri»or«and Ohio and w»nt to I^irc City.'
DMjfeeHlnUt^. tatt vomh nrtt! K ^Tn-')^ mvlifij jfje-iy, in »jm<> ta «pff^t the
tn^nrc! n*xt sprfnir en th* h*rft***h*^r't<'n*.    TtdViXU frum lA>»«'Clly m>''
of the t!K nivcf fall*. \tfM the mine Is still burnfflK. I
Memb«t-« ef DltlrJct !B»
please mete—-The official b»t-
Itt Ur the foftheomdfla election ef the afffesrt for the tt*-
•uloo yes** '« shawM en Pjft
Six (•>.
,<m \h\i JUfiKiui in. oi inn forcmai, ''Allien oc, hoyvovor, «ntlnfU"i un thai mvlnj;
♦" '■"" '• ,■ ' ::...•    •:,..
1*0*3,   liun-asftH    wiil'h    lm\.'    h"ct»
Ki anted by Hi'' 'Jrni'l Trie H hltiK-
that tlm'-H In rat<"t nt pay of the im n
liiiv *- not in a (.iifi.tur of iiiki.ui<«H
Sir [tt p.V« u'hh tic r«-rfHKitiei< of tin*
men w)-iu> I" i •'. ■• (• 'in. ■ "
nt-n f.un to t»' fal* nmi rt-ai-oiiable.
•yrt '.-",   , ' '.'.   ! i „;ui!;„I,
tixijiiuiHihlM. lin-Hfuie.   (o.if   m,iit(er
Imecliaiil*-* t&\v up »tth tt;e'r forcmenj
"W<- appear," lie dcrhw-s. "t** .S' tl.f 4arli>-*( prt*mlil<< mnrnrrit Indlvl-
liern   pi.f.tkally  surrtHiiful  Ut .dual «**«-» In tbo> »nriouii shops and
m ot di«i opinion
fiitliled   to  haii*
. -'/-.( t-*itii>< '   ••
a minimum \..n*
liTi't'i.f i,\t.rinutiiflnn to noU' this ou
crop of disorder, dliiiwlon and •!(*•-
' ,1ij', () I/oiiukIiu'-
Mint   tin* iii'Ti nre
il'«'ir rrU-vrirt'f. »•
ct-u.jnlUii1 iii.tl *i lion par with (J;'* le fris**^ <,ri «. ;n-r
t'linndlnii ronlii hlionlil l>o et'it|il!.;,eil,
Thl.i wi.iiM k\\c ut (!,!• iiuii f',! iti-
i»11 fi^, in wni:<«, noil wou'd '.» Honii>
fi.f.'i^'.le ftiti'f" IfU'e !er ll|.   fi>tM;i<-('|
'if   '.         I'.'   i i   .iii.il   of   l   i>
ojill.ii.n   f'',il   iJoill.lo   lime   MhCillM   b'
', ',   .,.1   (,..-.M|m'      tt.illl      THCMlU'ht   "'»
ti a.rit. .ind tl^i aj»p.'"nMf< «s .OifttiM
fl'nr' i"i »!.«• in' f .-i*.'.» ■i*.nt*' tiii ri"''t"i-
The board «na eonsMtnted  .\% fol-
pfcifntlrr emoloypM   trf~>    IvVIt' r<"-"A,;r.-M<rt   r%tit   juiut   tliUa  til  Ion*.   Ju'Iife* Ikw), (It.itrmAn; \V>I-
, out th«»lr men, but wi»awm to   h,tr^ f «,■»**•« ohfuln  amf  "tNiol-f  tnif.> ft.f   ft,.- *; i'jltt. ut.ir,.M.iklit»it   iW   t«m-
,*t.,*r. unsnccrsjfuj in aiont ln*tuiu«-i* )v*i»n* in pay anordmm t» the ability puny; J. O. O'JienoKhne, r^pr^cnitnK
. .fn dealing with strihft," I of the IndlvMual, »o that th« pre«»\irc tb*^ m< ti I*"*""
■    • i.       . '■>
1 Lv?".'
3 -
sin    ,
¥"3 -
iU..    ,
liH     .
II ■
V.H-' ..
1    *    - r     .-        \    ' •- ir-L *  4-v     r*'<   v.Tr't    t,  '».  jT.-      ^ * r.   _ i r *     '   .•
-' Is    r
it,) ■••
Men Beaten ana Women Brutally
Assaulted for Joining' Unions --
Disgraceful in the Extreme
i ',-■'-
l "?!-
Pf'   -
"li ,.-,
■-¥*«-, '
■ WASHINGTON;"' '• Oct. -'2'iyin*- New
Jersey where the revolutionists froze,
starved, fought and died, fpr liberty,.
.methods as tyrannical if riot,more bo,
than-those in operation in Russia, ar©
being used used to break'the spirit of-
those who toll.
Men have been.dragged from their
homes and forced against their will to
labor in the mines. They have been
beaten and put in jail; their homes
have b.een desecrated and their wives
brutally assaulted and some have been
banished because they dared to be
. union men. :
?. •.."Workers,:in j the neighborhood are
horrified and . astonished and ' - when
they meet ask each other thls'question
""Are we living hi, the Tlnlted^States or
Russia?"    " 7
.   Tells of Outrages     ,
■ The following statement Is from the
New York World:  - "   .
° "Franklin Furnace, N. J.—This mining village of 1,800 persons lias within
the ""past fortnight witnessed, lawless
scenes worthy of the California pJ-'"49.'
" "After the New Jersey Zlne^u'mpany
had denied the right of its^mployes to
organize! a labor uuiaii^and had discharged -a score or more of its men
who had1 enrolled as members, an arm-
,ed mob ^f'vigliants took upon,Itself to
Invade miners' houses, drag them to
•work or order them out of town. i.
, ."'Franklin> Furnace lies in the picturesque valley of Walkill, and is a strag-'
..glirig settlement.,-.  Its one industry is
-.that of ,Ne wJersey Zinc, Company.
-The'centre of thing's • Is    known as
green'spot^'the main5 entrance to the
Most, Murderers, Are   Careless, as to
..      Some Detail or Other—Clue's
j ■'!."', That-' LeV'to. Identify' "'"
'; "Four murderers'out of. five place
the noose round their'own necks,""-was
the startling statement • made' by " a
ScoUand Yard official. "No matter
bl'Qy"'cieye'r" the' criminal is" he ls'al-
most .certain tVdo some stupid ^thlngj
mine, near-which are situated the com-  £r 1^"puiit"..taking"..some "jeleme'ntary
pany's offices, thO'ppmpany store and
homes of "the. officers in charge. . ^;.
"At different widely scattered points
of the cotnpany's property—and nearly
everything in Franklin Furnace .belongs to. the company—live the miners
and other "employes." ' ■ y ■
World Confirms Story
. The New York World is authority for
the statement, given by'employes, that
armed men broke Into their homes, assaulted themjand thefr y*lves, dragged
them to jail and banished them from
the town because they,'-would not give
up the union'.' -".Father'McGulnness, the
village priest,.said:■-] ^  ■"' .' ,.    •
•''Mon;were,told if they did not dress
and go to work they would; be taken to
jail,: As a result the local jail contained that day a good complement of men.
They are all out now. I don't know
where."; • , . 7
Not content with owning the ground,
the underground, the stores, etc.; this
company is determined to own the'men
soul and body. The union would have
ransomed the men and the women and
the! babies, but at'the point of a gun,
setting law at defiance,' with thugs and
the village authorities, an attempt was
made to destroy the'labor organization
and keep the workers in bondage._.
On learning of the outrage the American Federation 'of Labor immediately
dispatched Organizer.Stuart Reld to de
tend the rights of the workers. 'He
will be aided by several other' organizers.—Chicago Daily'Socialist. " ''
Ix-'1 ■
.  TTe execution of the Japanese Socialists   did   not   remove .the  causes
'Of social'"discontent in that country.
' it seems.;,-. The poor are'.stlir poor;"
.and as Bismarck adopted some socialist! cpolicies to, allay, Sociaiism in "Ger-.
many,-the^ Mika'do's: Government are
similarly turning their attention''to
remedying3the ey.ils,that give birth to
■ rKdcal 'Ai'sie-., They h'a ^e lately, pro-'
mulgafj :t;r-ew factvv i.iv wfiich^no
(ini'it m'diks the dawn of a brighie.r
feta. fof' the tollers °i Nippon. .,' 'S;n'l
,'at the initiatlve.of tho leading Japanese statesmen, of a charity association
in which the Mikado is taking a keen
interests.-. Indeed, it was the Emperor
that pointed the way- by making
a. gift of'$750,000 for. the,relief of'the
poor and needy. "Moved by the magnanimity of His Majesty," says the Jljl
(Tokyoi, "Prince Katsura, then Prime
.Minister, started a movement to raise
, $10,000,000 by inviting gifts from the
wealthy class of people." Tho appeal has, it seems, met with generous
. response from banker's and merchants
, throughout tho country, but tho here-
dltary Peers, somo of- whom are,among the millionaires of Japan, have
..been so slow ln opening their purses
that the .Chu-gai Shogyo (Tolcyo) admonishes them In these radical terms:
"Whllo the commoiv peoplo of > tho
country havo proved their loyalty by
emulating tho oxnmplo set by our benevolent Bovorolgn, tho Peers, who aro
basking In the special privileges granted by His Mnjosty, have displayed a
shameful lack of patriotism and public
spirit. Instead of responding to tho
call of charity thoy havo tightened
,tho strlnga of their purses. What
have they dono to deserve tho privileges they enjoy? Thoy have moroly
Inhorlted tho honor and title handed
down by their ancestors, and are leading a life of idleness and luxury. If
they intend to be respected by the
common people, as they surely do, they
should 'i4ridicate:, their publj^.'spirited-
r.ts*ir«7.!jjase like thbvn.v^|delr"failuTe
to do so is, an {nation that they are
precaution, which is "his.undoing; and
the cleverer he is—as was proved, ia
Crlppe'n's. case—the more and bigger
blunders .he often makes.  .....
"And.it has always been so.„-1could
give yclii. scores\of caBes in which, a
murderer,. however, cautiously ^and
cleverly he has pianried7his crime", has'
by a single foolish act played straight
Into' the hands of justice.'   *•■
"Poucet,, the notorious French murderer, was a very clever" man; but he
was,mad enough to be seen driving
with his victim op-.the very day of the
crime, and the BatAe evening hawked
his watch about at a public ball. Edison, .the Bodmin' murderer, went
straight from the,scene of his crime
to' have his hair' cut.' The barber noticed that, while his beard -was brown,
hlB hair was quite grey. The murdered
woman was found to have a handful ot
brown.hair in one hand and,of grey, in
the other.    ' '"' "      '_,;•
"Jarvot, a notorious .French, mur
derer, after killing and robbing"a man
and his wife, went straight to the savings bank in his native town, where he
was known os a pauper, to lodge the
exact sum his victims were known to
have saved. A man called Wolff, who
murdered his master,"'appeared immediately afterwards actually wearing a
woll-known ' suit .of his, victim; and
Troppmann, who,killed an entire'family, would-'nbt even have been'suspected had h'e not in his vanity .described
with: such, minute knowledge how ,the
man he accused had probably done the
deed that "he was. himself arrested on
suspibibri'and forced to confess that he
was-tbe'murderer!'' ' " '"* ' >
' "In.our-own country it.has nearly
always been -the same. - The Muswell
Hill ■ murderers were brought to the
gallows by'a'toy lantern they had
carelessly -■ left' 'behind them at the
scene of the crime, and which was
identified as his own property- by j:he
young brother-in-law of MilsOm, bne
of the murderers.' Mrs. Dyer, the notorious baby-murderer,' was undone by
•an envelope which formed part' of the
packing of one of her victims' bodies;
and.Hudson, the wife-murderer, might
have gone''scot-free. if he had not
placed' a "sheet of blank paper in an
envelope and addressed it to himself
under one of the pseudonyms, with the
object* of throwing the police off the
«cent.    - ,
'V'James Cariham Read would have
appearance. , .This-letter,, was'mailed,
from Los Angeles. There ls no doubt
about the authenticity of-this letter.
In view of the'situation the'Appeal;
withdraws its *offor of $500 reward for,
information that shall lead to the finding of Shoaf,. . ., \ .; v •„;.; i
From the first we have suggested-
tbat three possibilities presented them-'
Belve's: Assassination;' kidnapping; a
frame-up' on . his part alone. • In. its
issue'of'''September 16th- the Appeal
gave preference to the idea of -kidnapping, baBing-its'theory oh letters
that had come from three-sources bear
lng practically'the same:information;'.'
• Doubtless there ■ will before many
days-be further developments; In the
meantime' let- it be" remembered'that
the Appeal said eeveral:,"weeks ago,: "If
it be proven -thtlt Shoaf deliberately
planned his disappearance for'the pur-
pose.of creatlnga sensation,. It will "be
among "the first',to! repudiate and'de-'
nounce his actlo'nr'-'-'arid-lt >was'the
first.to print the'faets1 about it so far
as it has'discovered ttfem." 'In the
meantime;* It- awaits' from Shoaf; .who
will doubtless'see this paper, an explanation'"' of, his 'action.—Appeal to
Reason.''   ■"■■' »<   > •" 7'    - " '■
they would lose their jobs. The possibility of death by drowning was not
a.s ba.d.as„th8.greater^anger'.ot.d.eath
by starvation.-   Land/ owners in Aus
^Bjfe'apd P§per 'Coin'pftn'y, wp'uldi'.'iak^
^some,'agtion7that' ^ould'Kdepreciate
laha'TaWSs^-'So the^dariger%-as 'allowed to continue until the disaster
came. It is useless to denounce the"
jBayless" Company. The individuals'
90^c^ing^.the'-7b^ncemcwere n9 Jnare..
itegfigen't tha'ff nine-tenth>fbf those de-'
nouncing them would have been in
their, place.* it isjus^ess .to denounce-
the .state: officiaisY"charged-with-'the
duty( of inspection."- - The most conscientious i^pe^ctor^tB. unable- to "pro-.
tect people from 'ecbiodmltf conditlpns
jthe'y insist on upholding. As long as
aii economic system, Is maintain'ed
under,which-wo/herssmust depend on(
the^favor of a few, privileged", one for.
THE (VALUE-' OF: SMALL SAVINGS'!a P^nce to earn theiriHying,' so. long
will it be" vain to devise ways,, and.
screaming farce to yell "Prosperity!"
when tragedies such as the above occur! -. To blame the Bayless company
or 'the'land "owners" by those" who
'tfn';w,ere"Went faff'fea^ ther''Bayles.B:pWBi8.t |n-;H?holdtaS a"a:economic system brf edingf such "conditions Ys '.crass
"stupidity; and: if they'were the^only
sufferers to. offer sympathy is-!equally..
as sensible as it would be to mourn
over.the loss of the one who rocks the
boat, or lights his pipe in a dynamite
shed.-   '• ■     •'■':' -   * -■'
; ■' Human'' life Is  cheaper - than dirt,
and they who. possess the, power thro*
v.~ ^ ,«,„, •=.— vacation ^a^^. "»«» ,**"
a pitiable l«jUg^e"0pte devoid ol<c6m
mon sense,j>:r,sd-p^.and patriotism.'*
Uow-6Y'k the generosity' of the gene
.ral-pubSc has been such that a'sum.of
|11,0°5feb00- has  already been raised.       __ __ _ u ^^
7!3fq\e'?*;:""Vhe sum originally, asked lor I proved an ailbit'and thus escaped'the
by a million «-, llarSi As contributions, gallows/if he had not stupidly sent a
are yet forthcot^.     the total will, the.telegram .which conclusively disproved
oiji couiuawisrcvw^^jgHy-j.gacnja-BuuL' "■■' p— r - — ■
not less "than $13,0i>^n000' exclusive of
the imperial  doriationi'v     .^s,-, to the
work of the association, wt« are tolc
that charity hospitals and dispL^aariei
will first of all be established throughr'
out tho country.   At the same time
a committee has been appointed to Investigate Into the conditions of the
destitute.    The Cliu'-gai'Sho-gyo suggests, that the relief work be begun
with, tbe   slums   of   crowded cities,
where tho struggle for existence Is
much harder than In the country and
in smaller towns.-^-Translations made
for The "Literary Digest.
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
hns changed the name, of Its organ,
ltR editor and Us form.,
Tho name hereafter will be the "B. C
Federatlonlst," instead of the "Western
Wago Earnor." Jas-'H. MoVerty buying reslgnod, to devote all his time as
managing director of the Vancouver
Labor Temple, is succeeded by
Utortoubtablo) Penpusher Pottlplcco,
and Instead of a monthly magazine will
tppeav fortnightly.
With Pnrm nt tho holm, thoro Is no
fear of tho "B. C, Fo!lorationIst" Slotting In tho doldrumB, because there
will bo a breozlneesD constantly In
action that precludes audi a contingency and those who may object to tho
point to1 which she is heading will be
given overy opportunity to mako
known their plaint regardless of the
posnlblo croatlon of squalls,
It Is for tho consignees to dccldo
wtiothor this now craft shnll bo properly outfitted nnd tho prlco for a yearly
voyage Ih $1.00, and to union subscribing In n body nOo. Wo enn say that
It will bo worth Iho amount oven ns
a euro for Insomnia, regardless of its
lltorary worth.
afanna'.nnd —tirrian Ii1!"  -
murdered- Mr. Brlggs on - the North
London ■ Railway a good many years
ago he was fool enough to leave in the
railway carriage his straw hat;.which
easily led-to his: identification.
y "Wyen excess of care often proves
aa fatal'as such acts of carelessness.
Thus,,one .murderer, after cutting his
victim's throat, arranged everything
so,as to point conclusively to a caBe
of suicider-wlth one exception. He
hid the fatal knife, a precaution which
no suicide, for obvious reasons, takes.1
Several murderers ,)Wlth a similar object have placed knife or revolver in
the victim's hand, where it has been
found loosely held. -After a suicide the
weapon is always' clutched tightly.
"Walnwright thought he had effectually destroyed nil trace of his victim when he'burled hor remains ln
chloride of lime.- Chloride. of lime,
however, instead > of destroying, preserves; and tho body was found in an
oxcollent state of preservation,"
On the eve1 of the opening of the big
game hunting season; Rod and Gun in,
Canada, published by W..'J. Taylor,
Limited/Publisher, Woodstock, Ont.; is'
to the fore with* a plentiful supply of
^»od game" hunting stories, covering
Canada from ttie Atlantic to,the Pacific. The opening story by Mr; Bonny-
castle Dale is particularly good, consist
ing of a„, fine -description of the gallant efforts of'a fawn to escape; its
rescue by •the^-'sportsman whose best
instincts were-aroused by its hopeless
struggle, and its,capture and revival by
the pitting,showered upon it' The
whole'narrative'makes an irreslstable
If a young man. 15 years of age'wefe
determined to* save three car fares av
week,1 and'to pay^'the-15 cents thus
saved every week until he was 60 to
theCanadian Government for the'pur-
chase;of an annuity; the result of his
thrift would be'thatffrom and after
60 he, would receive $25.18 every three
months so long as he lived.- If he
died before he was 60 all that he had
paid ih/With three'per cent* compound
interest would be refunded to his heirs,
and if he died just before his first instalment of annunlty fell due his heirs'
would 'inherit;"$771.70.iV, A postcard-
sent to the Superintendent of Canadian
Government Annuities, Ottawa, giving
your age last birthday, will secure you
information as to"what an annuity will
cost.. "»-y -'v■"    ■'•'"'      -,    ,!
(Ed;—The7 above-'- taken literally
might easily be Construed as a conspiracy, against, the-street car companies,
and if complied with by any large number, of youths would mean a decreased
revenue'withallits concmitaht effects
of - fewer cara being, built; thereby decreasing the number of men engaged
in the car building industry, and in
the "'transportation' 'department. A
young man of 15 years of age could also
be advised to save 15 cents a week by
not.attending ball games, moving picture shows or any other pleasure giving-amusement; save 15 cents^a week
by not eating as much'meat, and soon,
all down the line until he had reached
the point where "he might-just as well
be dead for life would scarcely be
worth'living.) '.   . ''U       . ^    ,
means to protect them from dangers
from" which they might'under different
conditions, protect themsei'ves.''—The
Public.1" '    "7      ;   ;.-;  ;'yy     7
Ed.—Beneficial, system!"' And yet
we hear loud vaunting about "freedom"
"and hurl denunciations at those who
employ, the term1 "wage'slaves" when,
speaking*of the proletariat 'Only "to
think of it, workers were afraid to
complain for fear they would lose their
Jobs and landowners were silent'lest
land values might be depreciated, and
thiB In the r)land where "the' Eagle
of Liberty screams if     Truly it Is a
How's This?
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward tor any
com at Catarrh that cannot bo cured,by. llall'a
Catarrh Cure. ' ' '
-     -     - F. J, CHENEY & CO.,, Toledo. 0. r
We, the undersigned, havo known F, J. Cheney
tor the last IS years, and believe him perfectly honorable In all business transactions and financially
able to carry out any'obllgatlona made by his firm. .,
. .   . National Bank of Commerce,   ,
'    " •,,„". Toledo; Ohio. ', >
. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Internally, acting
directly upon the blood 'and mucous surfaces ot tbe
system. Testimonials sent tree. Price.IS cents per
bottle.   Sold by all Druggists. '.
. Tain Hall's Family Pills tor constipation.,.    ,
'Capital Authorized
Capital Paid Up ..
D. R.
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO,,  -,.. ,,>/„..
. ,$10,000,000   Capital,Subaorlbed ....,   ,6,000,000
.;   "•*.5,944,278-. Reserve-Fund 7...:,. . l',5,944,278
A 8ur« Homsi Trostmswl'
Tho best way to fight tuberculosis Is
to prevent It. The wholo basis of tho
Sanatorium troatment for the white
plfttpio is puro air-lots of t—Rood,
wbolesomo food, and a rational amount
of exorcise
It is nothing more than a process of
building up the system by diet, air and
exorciso, combined with good rocon«
struct!vo tonics to rebuild tho tisfliios.
You can havo all this at homo If you will.
Better still, you can nrovent tuberculosis by keeping tip tho bodily defences against tho disease.
Take freHli air. fresh milk, fresh cptgi
and other Kood food wUli what exorciso
you can stand without fatlguo. Keep ,„,-,,,,.,„_,,», „ ....
your windows wldo opon at night, tako WASniNGTON-Organlzed lnbor In
Nyal's Cod Liver Compound, and you tho Stnto of Washington Is rojolclng
need not fear tuberculosis, even if you |OVor a decision recontly handed down"
■NSd'fSS Liver Compound is a df. !">' the Supreme court of tho Work-
lieious tonie. It builds up tho waste men's Compensation Act, ptiHsed at tho
tliuiucs—puts on good, solid flesh and IiikI session of the legislature. This
aids digestion. Every doy this splondld bonollclont legislation was secured
.^ffta^h&'ttrttl^ through tbo united, continued and un-
V.p.n»',T|'iMn "iwylltlfw Tt. will nr»t, HI*, tllrlni* efforts of the memhorn of lnbor
appoint you. Don't wait till you aro organisations,
all run down wJw'tt t<£r^i" Vi*^' ,n ,mnrtlnR ,,own ,hn ,,6c,l,ton lho
B.?«iaato|ff|rS^ ™« «»"-• "A bu.l»- that seeks a
mt once.        i < urofit at (lie risk of tbo lire nnd limb
Nyal Remedies arc tbo host valuo over of human beings is subject to rogu-
offcrod to tha public. Tho N^rijMople ,Blloni nni, iUt lftW Ui or ollRht to
would offer thorn to our customers, and H » PWwwIvo fideneo nnd tho con-
this rtmedy wo know to bo all they stitutlon must be construed In tho light
claim for it. 12     of our changed conditions,"
Some  Interesting   Information About
Galapagos Islands'
Tho Galapagos Islands, which tho
Unltod Statos Is leasing from Ecuador
for ninety-nine years for 135,000,000,
aro of oxtromo Interest to naturalists,
since thoy form a connecting link bo*
tween tho animal llfo of tho twentieth
contury nnd remote prehistoric timeB.
Here, and horo only, aro to bo found
tho giant tortoises, .survivors of the
reptilian ago, whon thoro woro as yet
no mammals, and all sorts ot huge
reptiles hold sway upon the earth.   ,
Tho Islands Ho In tho Pacific Ocoan,
some 730 miles west of tho coast of
Ecuador, and aro bo inaccessible, rug-
Bod, and mountainous, that they wero
until qulto recontly vory llttlo vlsltod
and comparatively unknown, It ls
owing to thin fact, no doubt, that these
monster tortolsoo havo survived thoro,
although thoy and all tholr relation!
become extinct everywhere else ln tho
world probably thousands of years ago.
Some of thoso roptllos wolgli nearly
a quarter of a Ion, and thoy aro remarkably long-lived, many of thorn being three and four hundred yoars old.
Thoy aro, however, almost extinct In
their wild stato, owing to tholr having
of late years heon bo perslstontly hunt'
ed for natural history collections.
Tho last great haul was mado In
1808, whon nn expedition organised by
tho Hon. Wnltor Rothschild, vlsltod
tho Islands end brought, nwny sixty
tortoises of ages varying botween 100
and 400 years.
Since then thero havo been othor
minor raids mndo upon thorn, nnd It
Is estimated that, thero aro probably
not now moro than about a scoro of
thf> «*!nnt«i 1r»ff rtn ttin Ip1«i^i1«
appeal to thej'hlghest ideals of sportsT
mansbip and proves a capital opening
for a number which includes hunting
of many varltleb "and under widely different eohaittotis": ';i-Mr. Starratt's paper on! Woodcock \ shooting in Nova
Scotia is another article which stands
out prominently- as one which cannot
fail to stir the feelings and the memories of. all bird hunters and make them
live many of -their experiences over
ngain. Big game hunting, however,
Is Riven the pride of place in this number, and !t-,isv*a foregone conclusion
that- in many a camp throughout this
broad Dominion--Rod'and Gun will
prove not only an acceptable, but an
Indispensable companion, Many an
Important article ot the outfit would be
less missed- than this numbor. Those
who have the arrangements for the
hunting parties and camps so general
next month throughout the' Canadian
woods will please take notice, A wot
day ln camp can bo passed most pleasantly with a copy of tho big game hunting numbor of Rod and Gun in Canada,
fl     <:     -MALPRACTICE
WILKIE, Prestdent
■;'   "      '    BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBJAv     ['V T. *...""'
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloopa, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,'
„« Revelstoke, -Vancouver and Victoria.    '  " ". 7-" '•'."' '
'      V" '       ■« SAVINGS DEPARTMENT'       "•' ''. ! ' ■ '-   '"  ,'
-   Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date* of deposit.
;Most thoughtful 'and' valuable in all
the editorial comment on the -Austin
(Pa.)\ disaster in that which the . excellent editorial service, of the Ameri-
caiTEconomicLeague (Ci^inuatl)_furT
hished its subscribers. Quoting its
text from reports that the'people of
Austin.feared a break in the dam but
made no.protest because the company
owning It "was the life of'the town,"
this -Economic League, editorial' reflects:'"That is, workers in the mill
were afraid to complain for fear that
MANY" FEET. ^    L
OF LUMBER.,       '  ... 7  ',   '•?,
are wasted- when it is not' of
' first" class; quality."   Knots and
v  knot holes, soft spots,'etc.;" are
of no use",.-yet all have*to .be-
paid for Just'the same." - '""- y
'-.     . i-J
canTbe used., ' We~6eiectrit 'so, ~
carefully that all "culls" are re:.'
moved," leaving only, first class
serviceable stuff "for your use. .
Practice. real '"economy by \buyr-ari
lng your lumber here. ,-*'■"*■•
-   ;■ *   ; .>•*:■...>;-. .•  '.-   ' ""*■  ;  - ,"•'' --ry ■  .     '.'    ■ .
,    '     '•'.'.     '    ..v   . -      .- .'-i:   -■      :    -:■ ' ;      •
' ♦ ¥ ♦ 4 ♦ * ♦ ^♦.*. VV ♦ 4 ♦¥ ♦ ¥,♦¥■♦¥♦>•♦ ¥ ♦ ¥ ♦ ¥♦ ¥ ♦.*♦•* ♦ * ♦ * ♦'* ♦ *;^
♦  *
For Solo In Forme nnd Guaranteed by
Tho constitutional question ralsod
were thnt the law deprived Individuals
of tholr property without dun process
of Ivii; that It did not apply lo all
alike and wns class legislation, that
Ii wiiti uiutiury to Hut provision* dlr-
I'ctltig uniform taxation nnd that It
violated thf* right of trial by Jury.
The derision wns written by Judge
FulWton nnd wns signed by tho full
M. Heguln, of Marvajclos, Franco,
has been awarded $10 damsgts
against the railway company twawre
a train by which ho Intended to travel
started out of tho station two minutes
<oo fiarlv.
Tho Appeal has definite Information
which makes It certain that Gcorgo II.
8bonf Is not dead or Injured, neither
was he kidnapped. Ills disappearance
hr.ii nothing whatever to do with the
MeNamara esse, or with his duties U>
wiud Ihu Apptiul, bulng uiuitily a mat*
ter porsonal with himself.
The Appeal is fn possession of a
totter written by him to a young wo-
mnn In New York City, dsted September I3tb, jast one month after Lis dl«
Thoro lived two frogB, so I am told,
In a quiet waysldo pool.
And ono of theso frogB was a blamed
But tho othor wao a fool,
Now, a farmer man with a big milk
Wns wont to pass that wny,
And ho used to Btop and add a-drop
Of tho aqua, so they say,
And It chanced ono morn, In tho early
Whon tho fnrmor'B sight was dim,
ITo Bcooped llioso frogs In tho wator
he dipped,
Which snmo was a Joke on him.
Tho fool frog sank In tho owaehlng
Ab tho farmer bumped to town,
nut tho smart frog flow llko a tugboat screw
And swero he'd not go down.
8o ho klckbd and splashed and slam-
mod and thrashed,   ,
And ho kept oh top through all,
And ho churned that milk In first-
claai shape.
Into a groit big butter ball.
•.        .      .      ?.. i i.' i. ..
And ojnoTicfl ibc enn, Ibrrr- lay
The fool frog drowned, but halo and
Tho klrker ho hopped away.
Don't fret your llfo with endless strife
Yet let this teaching stick,
You'll find old man, In the world's big
It sometimes pays to kick.
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosnhonol «*«*«« «"» n*™* ta ««»• bod*
'  *f      ,'rito Its proper KAilontrKiorti
nn ml tiuhtr. I'mwiiarsdw-nr «nd «1lmiuiI
■ »»ln,ti «v«<i«4 »t (inm,   l»tuwp»u>»«»t »ll!
i.lia toy « newmtn.   f*fkt JS» t-ot.i'i. I** (*»
Msil»l tinny *f\t,r*.*   ThaNoobfU lira*'
"'.♦'•iharld*!  Out.
For Silt at BUasdsir*  Drug  Store
•K '
.* '
Spend   Your Money  with  These
General Merchants
Trltes-Wood Co.
Crows Nest Trading Co.
i ,
Philip Carosella
Weber's Store, Ltd.
 ^^ .   •
Butchers    s ■•'
"41" Market Co.
Calgary Cattle Co,
Fornlo Dairy
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fernio Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal Hotel,    .
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Colsman
Royal Hotel, Nelson
Real Estate
C. E, Lyons
M. A, Kaatner
Joe Grafton
J, D. Quail
Trltes Wood
<J. M. Agnew & Co., Elko,
Sewing Machines
Wm. Barton
Your Bank Acct,
•    Bank of Commerce
Bank of Hamilton
Home Bank        ,  <   •
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy & Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.
Bilhdrds and Pool
W, Ingram, Club Cigar Store,
Wines & Liquors, '
Pollock Wine Co, ,
P, Carosella.
How to travel
Over the Great -Northern
' Over the O. P. R.
PIW——■—*■■!—■ ■■ ■■!■■■■ —W—^—^M| HI.   II j.
Second Rand Store
G. Radland »
When you're dry
Mutr. F.xtrn
Livery & Cartage
George Barton
. Dr. Barber
Ross, McDonald and Lana
' Eckstein A MeTaggsrt
Laws A Fisher
t^e7yotejot.enh'ii>clng^'h,€i'<".yaIue and
in* fact' reieaBing-Hhemselves'-'entirely, ;, "
from the bondage of wage slavery are '
bply reaping •wjajt^they have sown and .;.'",-'
instances'likeHtta'Au8tIq disaster are.,,,
more effective "sympathy", than a thou
sand -sermons.'" \    y.,   y.- -''y['*]■_  ,.:
They are. gllAVES whoever shrink ...    .
From the' truth they need must think.
They are SLAVES who will not dare     '\
'All wrongs to,right,,all rights to share!
.P.S.—Is .every, man in Canada'"free"
—to keep his, mouth, shut' and avoid
belng'flred, blown up, sawn up, smash- ,
ed up or. discriminated .against? :..,
♦ ,
♦ -
♦ .
♦ *♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*'
♦ #♦**
*fcf J*A      * . rf< * \.
z jz*£)s\' :A?jy"~.:. ?jv< vi;U.i- yy
■».i   •«.-»!■.*' W^VscA aus&u '---' v:.:sv
• **)   " v*.
7 /U.   ..
- - ,. -"- THB^DISTRIOT JUED.OBR, tfERNIE, Bilc^ OCT&BEB 28,1911. ,■ - •'£
y.r\i-» --w*.', A?.'.  ,_ -
,' i.  -
To the Residents: of Fernie
'*'-;■■ aMdI)istricrt^pmThe All:;*
y■ - -  ',•■•'   v' ' yy: r7.7;.,r"^'; 7 ■ „' -'      ■• '" •/*'-•''v'l.-y''1
V- «
',   To the Editor of tbe District ledger—
.-.' 7bear Sir,— '--;." "'.   -.,""
-   Did you ever s^e the Fernie Frfe
\    PrcFS. when "men were killed' weekly
end Injured daily in the. Coal' Crock
mines, asking the "reason why?    ;v  '"
'-, 7 Did you "ever see that paper advocat-
" ' irig for the protection'of human Ufo in
, coal mines? / '■• :■  - f.  . ;V  .   • -,   - -
n      You  have  seen.J,hat, same paper
more- than  once advising ..that the
o - Btreeta of Fernie, sueh^Js'" were> near
the business'houses lie'sprinkled daily
in'dry weather so that the duat would
. i nri ne blown abbut»;gIvlhg'annoyniice
to.people!land .'would "riot7 enterthe"
stores and do damage," to merchandise.
,• ,   exposed-for-;'sale?,' 7,?, •"' V\'- '\ . Jj
•We are'not'taking exception"to the
Free Press advising about,the spriiik-
, llng'.of ourifltreetB :wjien dusty,-but-wet
do think it'Deculiar that ar person of
age a)id Intelligence suph as the editor'
1 y blithe ,'ForaIe;!^ree.','Press.l:is,f should,
7 spend so much of his time and sympa-
, thy on the1 condition of; our* streets,'
, our public comfort, anid^the,'care of; our
'merchandise 'and* ignore*'the' fact" that
^6p ,manyAmen >were;belng killed -and
-' ,   luiiire.1 in our mid?;..- nnd, not sask the
7 reason .why it, is so.'. .'7-.'.	
[ '.s.the.comfort o! our[citizens, the"
care of our merchandise,, the well-be-
■   * ing of our streets more important than
the care of .humanilife?
., < To. judge fromVwhat we. have seen
„, wrltteh'In'the'Fr'ee'Press'weyan'but
• think that .the "editor of "the Free Press
'' thinks that our comfort, our' goods and
our streets .are of more ^Value than our
- mlnersf'-';•'.'-4, £?-• .•?'•■'K? w-r ■£-',
7 We are.not absolutely, sure that the
"editor of the Free Press has entirely
' overlooked what" has. occurred at Coal
Creek and .-what will, probably occur
.,    „ at Coal Creek'.again','not having read
, b ^ si every issue, of! JthejFree Press, we are
. not sure on the matter.... '   .    '„■„  ,
. „    y If,;the editor^of the .Free Press! has
writtenof these things, if he has tabu-'
„/':.   lated the deaths ^o^'those";'men who
lay "on the hillside* and "some, have-not
-"" "•   even; received '.that' decency," but' He
•,,.,   amongst the1 scattered 'coal," the broken
7', .-irock'ahd "timbers ^In' the ""mine's i at
' - Coal"'Creek:—^ile'Whe"?e/tii'eVjw'6re'slain,
,' ;' and forgotten, if' ever', thought of, by
the editor of the. Free Press.,. ^ If he
has written of these thfng's1we"wouI&
, , bo glad.tp.hear or It.    ,^ ;
' j   y When tlie husband, and father was
,        killed'dld the editor-of-the-Fernie Free
P^ress take'the trouble to enquire If
7 the wife and children; were' provided
for, or did .be think It would be all
.■ right—they would bo looked after by
the union.•';'','"';:■-; ,.,,"'.   "7     '"■,*•■.'''
"■   ,   ^Granted .that'the'Free Press'editor
"was satisfied that the widow and children would be protectod, nnd that It
was unnecessary .for, him to,Interfere,
•' we will ask If the editor oi tho Free
Press protested when tho coal- company, i by, tho uso   of   tho "mlnor'B
friend", (I) etc,,   tried   to   deprive,
7 7   widows and tholr children of tlio com-
',   pensation they wore. Justly .entitled to
receive?    If ho did wo would llko to
hoar of It. '7 ,...   ., ,, ..'
■) Wo (Would like to ask tho editor of
. tho Froo Pross (who Booms to know
00 much about the business of other
. pcoplq, arid moro particularly of the
'   business of tho minor) a fow questions,
We trust ho will not be too dignified
to notice thorn:
,' ],  When n mnn ls killed at tho mln-
".,    os do: yon think It right that those
whom ho was supporting should still
bo supported by receiving compensation, and how much should thoy ro-
ceive, say the'widow has five children
(the eldest being leigh't years of age),
how .much should she arid the children
receive?""'    y. ,77.'--.-', '""  .  ' ' ■'
2.' You have much to.say re wages
that" men, have been eaniing' in -the
mines in this district. 7, How much do
you think an able,experienced miner
should'receive for a, day's work In the
mines?,, '„   \' ''" y ,,;.).    ,    7"   '.,...
3, Should he, as far as natural conditions., will:'permit, be guaranteed at
least twenty;.days work per month?..
' 4. .How';, njuch-per month does it
cost to support a family - of, aeven^.
man, wife and five children In'Vernle?
We would suggest you get the married
one's ori your staff to' help you butwlth
No. 4.-". .::•;„  " ,--,., fS    '   '.-
'5.'"" If itlakes $80 "per month, and the
irian' earns"' $"4 "per "'day,*::arid, worl^20;
days pei;'.morith,jrhat is. the man tojdo;
wlieri' he'gets'less thaij ?80;5pernibntn'?;
'',0".>:-If;,the- eoBf'of Hvirig.'is!;'?80f; p'er"|
month and'his pay is $80, should he be-
satlsfled,.,or should'he .try and;get'
"more that ho may-have a little to save;
foretimes of sickness or,old age,'or.
some'other good reason?   "    '"' *7
{; 7.- If-still receiving '$80 per month;
and the. cost of living-goes .up to, $85-
per month shouldhe ask for.hia ,wages[
to be made up to'$85 petmonth? *
..8. Do you believe, that'-i the miners^
should have a union, if so,'what-kind,
should theyhave? If not, what Bhould'
the miner do to protect his interests?
9. Which of your staff wrote- the
letter "in' your last" issue ""signed "A
Union Man?" ''p'7''..y. 'S-;. •'.>.'•..   ,.  .'
10. 'Will- he- inform ua'whoe-is the
"Treasurer" of the Union, and what is"
his salary, whether $100 or $125 per,
month?' "' "'■ "v'"*'""'""'' •",•''-:•''--'
,iThe editor, of the Free'Press has had
much'to say'abput union" men in gene!
raf and Socialists in particular."" If ;he
has ariything.-furtherffo say-about the
latter,we would"siigfe^at that.he,choose,
his- time arid'place, and hls.'-man, qhd.
afraid ,; to ' say, will he. ready' to talk
the matter'-O'Ye'r withhim'onia public
platform. We- hope' by writing, this
matter that we shall not be'.regarded
as interfering.in tho preeeni-struggle,'
-We do. not expect -in-thts- -way4o4>e' of"
much'assistance to the miners,.as we-
are sure they, are capable,,of looking
after their own affairs. The Free Press
would have jis "b9lJ^i?Jlff&"they3t'™.
not, but are being constantly led astray
by their officials "-and -the -Socialists;
It but goes to. showJlO.w. .Ignorant Hhe
editor of the Free Press Is (and there
are others qulto as enlightened) when
discussing or writing about this,matter. 7       -     " ■■    '*<-).,  ;'-;':;-,
Tho" men nominate" whom thoy wish'
and elect whom they wish to be their
officials, and they,maintain.their officials in: office, and these officials do
not, nor cannot, make' sinbeure's   "6f
their positions.     -\. ;■• -   ;•
■ Tboy are elected to do what trie mon
want them to, do. "■ .They are kept
there to:do that''arid1''If they''do [riot'
moaBUro up.to.th9 standard,.wanted by
tho majority thoy would not long occupy office. •;-,
We read ln tho Free Press that tho
minors would accept the Gordon no-
port, If thoy had the chance. Apparent-
ly the Froo Press was wrong that tlmo.
Ho Ib having another try, but is not
qulto so suro this time, but doubts if
the majority of tho men In this camp
aro In favor of tho check-off, if ho
In honost In thin he must think tho
mon nro about half iib crnzy aB ho Is,
Ho might an woll doubt as to whether tho pooplo of. Fertile aro In favor
of keeping -their'; homes ^thjrough-.the,
coming' winter or'will $hey go.-without
that protection'; arid;>riJoy7the;.pure,,
clear mountain aiV;inifreedom..' .A;
We know of a, few miserly spills who
do not want-to;pay:theiridueBsto',the'
union. ',-TJhey.took, apd.-a're -wiliing.to
take the ""rates - of wages\6bta'Ined < by,
the union;; If injured they will hobble'
around and stick out ;thelr„ miserable,
paw for compensation'gbt-for them^by
the - union ■ and the • Socialists—a thing'
they would .not dare-to think if there
were no union-to-protect them.- Such
miserable miserly • creatureB ..ought- to,
be kicked out of-respectable comimuni-.
ties.. I suppose the editor of the Free
Press, would admire a-man"who would,
try and avoid paying Ills poll, tax,.road,
tax, his-school,'light or. water rata?
-We have been told that the Crow.'a
Nest Pass Coal Co.'s. mines have not
been profitable, to work..; We are. Inclined to believe .the> same, for .two
reasons: .The first is,that |.heyi.have.
not .worked, the mines right. , The,se-4
cond ,is, they haveilLsoldj.to; the<large,
buyers, (the railways) too .-cheaply*; It
is ,a,- surprise, not,,to,, haye beard, the,
busiriess.;men of- Fernie. object. to .paying i $4.0.0,,per ton .for.1 coal. when ithey,
see. so.much of It sold at little^iriore
..than.$2 per ton. ...   ,7 '.'J, -,' A.-,<.-£,-;..,..i'
HowhaB it:been.overolpokediby.that..
•important.body—the■ Fernie BoardVof-
!Trade, especially that -select party.
which. .Journeyed .to, Macieod to...fix
things up. -.(0r.was-.it to Mix things,
up?);-.;  ....   ,-,  .,- ,.:.; ; ,., .,".-,.
To go back to our,-statement,that
the mines have not been-worked right.
This is no, presumptioniOn-bur.:part,
but is .well known by. everyone, trapper
tb general manager; yes, and the board
of directors;.,ifvthey didinot,think so,
why have-they had so many. official
changes?     -.; — 3-..-.-■;.■, <  - ,   ,   -./,.'
The* real coar miner, Is as pleased to:
see.a coal mine-in good.shape as a
sailor is td see'a ship in good trim. If
ln "good shape, he" know8 his life ,.will
be much safer and. his chance to earn
money: better.'   -,...'   , ■'  .'-"        .   -•
But what7does>, one, see when he
enters the Coal Creek mines? Roads,
ostrich" like, twine "in and out'where
pillars> of coal should be standing to
support the-roof, .to keep the roads-in
good condition, and to-'assist in venti-'
lation, they are gone. • They were nice
and handy.to .the, tipple and could be
got out cheap; arid.would'.glve an increased output,"and it is,such hoggish.
•*■ i^'r :.«■»■
!: *«-•>'£ .a ?'.*r3
' ii:
Intthe tatgiCilies-fliB
-. IxisliifpiJitioiili
methodB that resulted.in nearly, putting
the.mines out ofbusinessi.,"! « ■ ' <•
■ To 1 get-the mines in, shape again
has resulted In the high-cost of production: ,-.i;lf-the,mines.have not'paid-in
the.past it*has been 'entirely",due to
bad.--management.' '.,',• "'.'v;" *- '.-':',;■•
The'-'blame lies-with" the, directors
and they* should,! bear-the cost,* and
not want to get- it out of tlie ■ miners'
wages.,-,If the mines had'been worked
right they would have been,profitable.
7 The" bbardv'shoukr glvo1 their hew
management time to get the mines intd
shape, then they may expect' a profit.
Yours truly, ■
;.. ,■•'-.' :.   ,y-.il.7:j. Lancaster!
AH ' the, evils" due to "overcrowding
of "the cities, of Europe, and Great
Britain will lie repeated here if air the
power of the .laws—bonjinlon, provincial.'and riiunlcipal—are, not,-strictly
enforced. ' j -'• . ' '7-' ■■- -   7 v'   '
The above statement was 'made by
Rev'/James Allen, 'M.A*,' general' secrb:
tary.of H.ome Missions, of, the Metiio-'.
dlst church. In,-the course ot a sermon
at the Central Methodist'.Church.last
week.--   ■,-, ,v." i-,i'< v.-'    1,."-.. •■''  .7..-
.Rev-.- "Mr. Allen took .Winnipeg,and
Toronto for, examples, as being the, two
Canadian •cltle8.„twilh„whlch'ihei-vwas
best..acquain ted. |Jn both' these' cities
the character'.ot street after, street- has
changed..' during -the past ;few.,'.yearsj
What, were ,bnbe>^private" residences
have beep changed into boarding houses , crowded, with foreigners,'-. •.,■■.. , ..•
.There is in Cariada„he said, thevbas-
is-.for, one. of the' greatest continuous
empires .ever buildedj.by man. - The
tide of immigration! from the, old lands
has turned from the United States to
Canada.:.",, With a total population,only,
equal tb the.city of London, and a half
continent,uto .spread them over, yet
there is overcrowding in the large .cities. Even 'now the bitter cry of the
outcastandthe^homeless.ls heard and
the poor and the criminal are herded
together in-these city slums. -.', -,»
- .-The .pronunciation • of the naine of
Jarvls • Street,-,.Toronto/rchanges three
times between V-Bloor. street and - the
bay, according,»to ■ the .nationality of
the'people.iliying-in each sectioir'of it.
Within..three; minutes', walk, of ■ the
Metropolitan; church, where a large
arid -.wealthy7congregation . worship,
evfry,! Sunday,,jtjiere,, ,are-. tenement
houses .and .families .are, huddled' together. ,,In-bije place-J;here arevt.hr^e
houses: crowded'on .onenlot, with-io
grass lawns, no-trees,, no; flower.s,;'.and.
♦ ♦ •«> «- & + « ^.4).,^ #. <#.
■ r This ,is to notify any mem- ♦
7'ber 'w;''the\j&7' M. '(Wi of'"" A.""'*
»■', fburi'd guilty' of making' false
».„ statements with a view to ob-
>.--tainirig relief will be prosecut-
<a>;.ed and,forfeit all rights of
► . membership.
death., of  edward   wymper,
;   '  the gonqueror of
'/7 matterHorn
r 1
Home Baking.
Better every way
than the ready
made foods
Baking Powder
ttre,Cream of Tartar
|^Bjj      Powder
gflHKrHBii MaJcYrcmx Grapes
The'Tabove article surely shows
which "way'tho wind blows. , '
7; The prbducors of cattle are evidently' not satisfied with tho benevolent
treatment' received' at the hands of
tho trusts, and thereforo Intend tb go
to . war. upon.;thom.,', Thoy aro 'not
nctuated' by" any doslrb of common
good, but the special good of the Texas
cattle raisers, Finding they are''not
getting"' sufffolont for their produot,
Instead ofcpnipetlng with ono ano'ther
and following oiit the old-tlmo doctrine that, competition Is the life of
btiBlnosB, they propose co-operating to
hotter moot'their common enemy/'tho
Moat Trust, , Puch action Is perfectly natural, ns they boo only their pwn
Immediate. interests, nnd It Is much
easier to feci tlio boll on tho bnok of'
one's nook thon note tho symptoms
of tho slow lnsldlouB germ of kidney
trouble ntlacklng tho Bystom of another.     „ .    •
Thoy,nro going to.put up a determined flglit, Am Hamlet soys, "Words,
wordH, words.'" It would bo an ox-
reodlngly good plan for Iho rnttlo minors nf Texas could thoy hut hhvo tho
prlvllogo of "sticking" (Mota-
phrolcnlly, of courso), tho publlo. Instond of being stuck tl|,om-
Holvos by tho trustH' Interests, It
Is not tho welfare of the coiiBiimor tboy
nro looking nftor. Thoy do not In-
(ond tn benefit him at all, nor would
thoy pay tholr emplp.wm any more'unless compelled to do so. It Ih Hlmply
tt question of SRLF'P'nrcBJ'JUVATION,
nnd self preservation nlnno. Thf\y hnvo
however, reckoned without, tholr host.
Tho Hoof Trust, with nil Kb nlllod and
InfiM'rcMM l",*rrf?tj !r,'7'^ ',,«!'. c;.
trenrb*»d that to cnmlint It nnVponnfully
tliey, the cattle raisers, tniiRt hnvo re
frlgerator cars
esr-i-vAnd /the; worst .o£-,-it, is.i-.he. said
thatilittle-children are.iljeing reared, In
such.,,-fIlthy., and - unhealthy, environments.-,; \ i'.ji'.c; il'.trtw '. '..'it;-; \ , -
' If houses-were .distributed,, properly
slumsrwould be. done away .with. These
foreigners,; manyi of ;lhem:,having' behind .them'centuries of /Ignorance and
auperatltlon, and it is a.difficult-riiatter
tb»get kthem to change ithe manner of
living to which theyihalvo been accustomed all-their lives, and,,to which they
cling.-vi-  ■;     , . ■ ,,-,-.,
Vi Theso men have votes, ;which count
im all elections: just the'same as the
educated man who: lives ina-mansion.
Efforts to secure-better housing and
sanitation for theso people, meets with
opposition from the landlords who nre
drawing yearly rentals equal to half
the value-of the buildings, and'who say
that their taxes should.not bo raised
Better .housing and tho enforcing-of
better- sanitary Inws would)hotter tho
material condition of these people, but
nothing but' the teaching ot tho gospel will nf foot, a permanent change,
Education alone may. be made n powerful weapon for good-or.oyll. Tho
Idea Is not to'mnko them .Protestants
or Methodists, but to mako them moro
moral-and hotter Christian citizens, '
Mr. Edward Wh'ymper'.' "• the famous
Alpinist and conquerbr',pf the' Matter-
horn,, died at Chariionix (France); *at
the age of severity-two, as the' result
of an .apoplectic seizure. He was only
ill two days..'    i  , ' •.",,-  ,''""
With Edward Whymper, the -greatest of 'Alpine pioneers, the most ■'famous of British climbers', passes away,-
Bo'rri In 1840, he'began' cllmbirig*in
tho-Alps ..In I860," and his first great
ascent was that ofMontsPelvoux-in
Dau'phine" during 1861? '* ";':'
7 That same ,year. opened1 his comba^
w/tl)'the.Matterbprri, for the conquest
of-; which his name will, oyer be. re-
meinbered;--< Driven back 'by'the*want
of resolution 'of'his7 guide? iri "1862'and
1863, lie made six, more unsuccessful
.attemptsj.on', one , occasion narrowly
escaping with his'life;- •■ , . .-■■,v V- -.
-' His eighth "• arid' su'cdesBful;.attempt(
on the'Matterh*b^n.,]vas 'made ori July
i3,i86§.7 '' '.;,. ,,*\   -"'"'   . "','7^-
' A,;bitter Industrial'struggle is now
waging in,'the 'south,-west part of .England, ,.where,,nearly the w.hble ,bf the
Bristol miners.are on .strike.-For some
years the* men have been complaining
of extremely,.'low wages, .and they
claim'-that, the wages, agreement"of
1907 has been violated.,, This agreement- stated that percentages should
rise'and fall'-wlth-the adjoining Somerset ; coalfieYds, hnd .'although this has
been-.carried .into effect when decreas:
es .have taken ..place. In ■ the Somerset
district, when on-April 20 an-advance
of 3d. per day was "given in Somerset
the Bristol".owners on,.application refused , to (, comply. - The matter.- was*
referred, to the Board- of; Trade;- who
appointed- Alderman' Thoriias Smith, of
Leicester/-to' inquire into the inajte'r,
"the.'finding under the inquiry, to.-be
optional to-both sides." His award,
given 'on' Septeinber 15; "said that the
present financial condition of the7col-
iiery,.companies did nbt^,permit,'of<,".tli'3"
meana that the finding was agalnist-the
mtn'er' on;every 'pqlntV^-j'Ayb'allb^of
the;!men was.taken, wheri';,1.441:yot^d ,
tor giving!/n'oticjB8.l.'and,A<|8f'i-o"g4iri|';it
This, ultlmately.'-resulted •In'vtlie.-WboM .
■  - 'rt,
of; the - mfehj'; nurtibe^irfg ^"W,\po«jiS&,y
outjon strike.i 'a'-committee has.been
formed -which has-started, an'Appeal
Fund for, the ..wives and families of
those'who'are-out on,'strike. Thoy
number 8,b()0,..arid any-subscriptions
sent'.to.'Mri Charles.GUI, ,6, Aubrey
Road,. BedmlnBter, Bristol,, or to Mr.
W. Whitfield, miners' agent; St George
BrlBtoll'.wIll be very 'thnnkfiiliy received.— Reynolds'. ■   . ■   77.. ,
PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 10.—Tho average price "of propnrod sizes of an-
thraclto f. o, b," Now York Harbor In
Soptombor vwns $1.84 p'or'ton;"nB*com-
pared wlt,h'$<f.76 per tonkin September, 1010. Wages of Anthracite mlnorfl
this .month,' which .aro^bdsod on tho
Soptemborprlce of. coal, will bo fl por
cont abovo tho baBls.:        - '
20 acre tracts of
Creston land—is
well watered &
excellent soil.
The Life 0/
Our Coalfields
In tho coiii'ho of his prcslilentlnl ml-
dress nt tho meeting on tho 2nd Inst of
tho S. Bluffs, nud Warwickshire Insil-
tulo of Mining KiiKlnnnni, Mr, .1. ('.
Forrest n»ki>d; "Have wo Hufflclont-
ly extonnlvo' coiiII'IoIiIh to IiihI llm
Btrnln of tho prowut or liicreiiHod ont-
putB for aiiy length of tlmo?"
Tho lloynl Connnlrtnloit ou Conl F*nii
pect lnbor to bo pnld Increased,rnl<Mi
(is Union goes on. lint I hole Ih n
limit to tho rflto or liicrenno, Thnt Ih
nn cronoinlp qiiestloii. ir we l«'«'p tho
price of conl m lil^li thnt wo woro Ino
much In ndvnwo of the fnrolgnorn,
thon they wnultl gnt'otir Inuln, for
flennniiy, Austria nnd llnnsln hnvo llio
(.'oulfk'ldii, nnd I hoy lmv<« the lnbor. If
Joe Grafton
B. C.
iciihIvo (iioiih will he proved iih time
Ko<'H on. tluit, iiiiifliiK oIlici'H, our Mhl-
lniiil conlfloldft nmi our Mldluiid IihIuh-
(oiinlili'H. llvivtotou<, lliey have boon
liirfit'Iy iiiiportrrB, Imii of tholr Importations no iiK'iiiiMfipii'iii amount lmn befti
plk-H oallnmlcd that, at tho a«Hiuncd .thoy advance nt llio snmo rate as we |lrlo» will bciiofli by such proofa? and |mnrl.ti..-ry whirl, iipplle.1 to Hr pur
output, there was fanl'io Inst for IM-Att. nnd wo rontlnne to got coal na wo 'flmt ,f "'«' fonl "«,,fl ,H '""' *°'l,n>' «'H"0"":J ('rpnt0Ht " ",,r" "»/or *»'«•»«
hh\ii only to wait for our tlmo to (nine
imaln, uhen wo nlmll lm bontnfiii; with
Rclence nnd Art of Mining.
years.     But since tholr final report. .«n> now doing, wo alinll bent thorn and
wns.preBCtitci) In I30r», ujipreccdonto(r!l{(<p our'mnikotH,   nnd   nor   dnmngo , n
activity hnd boon wltnossod  In the ;our homo Industries.    Hut wo miiHt ro-1 i»roHporlty. •
work of proving tlio oxlstoneo of conl 'lnornbcr thnt It In not nlono ilm Cond- j
monstiroB outside tho houndiivlonof the'liuilnl coinpoMllon wo linyo to wntoh; j    (Kd.Yes, thin Is nn oootioinlo a,w»
old oonlfleldH.    Aottinl oxlonalnnu of'the cloud In on Ihojini'lznn from tlm ' tion.    The labor supply of tliouocom.-
conlflolda- In Knglnnd since tho lflO.' iKast ns fnr ns conl BUpplloH aro rott- itrios In tho Ouont thnt nro now tn n>o
;.,.*.!, vl ;!.». i.w^..l Cuwitiiaaiuu ttiiu  M-jiit-ii.   imiin, japan find China nro .primary singes of dnvolopment Ih not
1 tho prnbnblo tdtot! for r-cttii'If,'j, »■<;■ 'ti,:.:<J:.n U. l.U- ,\j.d  viiilt (iV-.r  ki^u ,oniy Ubundiint, but  lilts nli>o tho MiV-
jmifflrlent to warrant snylng Hint tin" oi,'ilflohl« and nbutulant labor supply, ,'ng quality of choapnokit, thereftiK', as
Thoso refrigerator i lloynl Commission wero vory censor- [Thoy will In tho novt thirty y<;u*,  in |r>n offset lest thu sncif.d god i<i Hrlt
ens must bo transported over tho rail-1 votive In tholr OBtlmntn of tho oonl sup j my opinion, nweep tho murltet of Ung'
road; also nt "pnlfils of distribution
thov will ronntro inrpo fr>ntr*r<< tt<* ill"
pOHlng of the product, coiiRoiuenlly In
order to follow out their plan satisfactorily they must' themselves bocomo a (rust, nnd as the hapdlcnp
under whlrh thoy stiffor Is so groat
thoro Is but little hopo of r<;nllxAtlon
piles.    Tlie public mlKht rest In ponro i Huh oonl In .Iho UnBt,     Tho itnltoil
r^^ »Va "i.-', J"ft y  ,,-'„-, :,^l il.vk„ *,'.,s.,,   .,',.. •.     •-'' .'iiiv.ii «l in luii 7m;m - ln-il
thenox,! Hoyal Commission was np-1 Ih mipply tho South Amerlcnn markot
'pointed,1 sny about A.D' 2000,  thoy.Our homo consumption may In.j'onrn
would find things not so bad as Sir}lun'-o ho nffoctod from nnothor snuno
William Itnmsny thought they wero.    ,nml that Is tho failure of the Ironstoin-
"ft Is not, In my vlow," said Mr. j supply In (Mm country.    The supply in
Fcrrost, 'tho conl supplies that nood ! Kt-clnnd will bo redwood from know'
Tlu-so Instance*   nro   but   lensona j troublo tho public-thoy nre oniplo—id< pokI/h In. any, fifty yonr*. so that-whoso vast cool nrons nnd the approxl-j
from  tlio book of life showing thstlbnt tho point Ir: Are wo llkolv trrbi-lt  will W-uIn l»» ntfon  Mm* of <.»r   miM nnK"int of ?l.o fu I ►upplk.-, .»;.■.
the nntiiral trcnol of eronomlo events'able to got tho conl  feonms proved ' (fntrfs nf product 'on In plu Iron.    Of .only Jn  the tunn'se mage, nlllinuiih ■,
Is nil In,the direction of consolidation, jdown to tho thickness and depths nt  coun.0. wo now Import Ironstone hcni-' what I* already known lo oslut h f.ib-'
which the groat world trust, now fore- i*5.l'h we could net them if wo iro en ,!}'• «'"' fl"w* Iromtano flolds may turn
shadowed by the cronllon of tho whole |lncro;i«lng th* emit* ot gortfng by Act , tip; b'lt to tv, \ this is as pro*»ln« ft
world Steocl Tnist, tolls thft story soiof I'arllnmottt. and ratos. taco«. and'i»o««'on n* t»">coj|*npply.    Ilewvor
pla/nly that thos,* who are not suffer-, labor demands at the rate which we np ! I »Mnk that !ti<> monitor* will nsn*
tun wltb iii>o(,lc \Uiort »o*» thai tho  ji*-nr Istoty to hnvo boon pursuing?    Jvlth mo It tl;.' Ronrral «r.!Hlii*hiu ai-
only solution to the problem Is tho'    Of course, we mtmt o*p*ot Mtn nf (rlw.l at. that ro fnr n«i mil Fiipidfoi
collective ownership of fh'fl moans of  I'nrllnntont to ho pii^fiod nnd rnt<» nm! ,»'(■ i*i:i" '> Hmo Is no M-'d for un-
production and dlitrlbutlon.
tpninot must bo found, thus the fl«ht
for iiiHtomov's fntonslfloti as tho in.ir-
I'i't grown more and more constricted.
Mighty clmngi'H nro bound to i.'ii»uio a»
tin* ilopoNliH of wonlth thnt have for
agoH lnld ilormant In ,|.he Orient aro
exploited.' Jnpnn Is nilvo with onort»v.
ciiina is in a state of chaos from which
w.v.'%.i Hu7.t)i«ii(uuu*, Mill itn! fxainploa
of lh<'<i> two must nt-if»fc,trily inftii-
oi»<v the'mighty I.ortUs oi IIiinlohi.ji..
This Is tbe'ri'iil "Vollow Peril" of
whlrh mo run eh ]>,<(* hwn «:il<I, nn.l a»
', ,.i- >urtf* fun »i»  riHiftl OtiUl-tlirKly 1,'lJk
.■liu—TltADK-'-HluiuM   lw   dlnil'iishod
• ho laborurs niluhl ho willing t» woik
un H«hh wjii'os lnnd (iiviin th'-r mifiht
nol); In fnct, thoy will host show them
roIvob truly pntrlotlo by redttiiiiR tholi   „
Htandnrd or living to n point hut llttlo ; n««lon to ll.oal«l..s«.w» of Rnrop-.J
above Hint of tho Awlatlc nnd nil will
Iw woll  for-for—Trndo.     This art-
dro«< mnl-fit no tM.-n'Mu of CTsip.A'Lv,
up larger «nd larger on the ocon'iitlft
horizon, furnishing nmplo food fc- re-
'taxc* to Increase.     We wunt aha ox- ,\Stf>, !?..«' !)■ * coalfioMs (>t \*ry r\-
An flbgolnf* maranfee iux>* with ovory
Pox nf Kig Pillf, Tlioy will jure
imfHJMATIgM,   XIDN'KV    UwiAtt,
Ttr..tripnri ttunUt. con^vi^aihin
HIA'(;(ilSH   I.IVKIt   ami   all   8TOM-
AtMl ASH lU)WI-:i. dlnordors.     M all
»-\:ici.'<-f.'it(d   ostlmnto,  jmlirintr   from !iloalotji, 2S cintt jwt lr»i, or The I'^r
»h»t ha* already tal.en place in those' I'lll Co., 8«» Tboma*. Ont.
nlntiH In quantity. Tnkon nil In nil,
thoro In n (lochlcl mrnln of po«#lm!sm
roil^'ftMi- in ih" atrtro Jidilrr-.** Auft
tlio fortrmt thnr fndtt, T.ip.in Miti!
t'hlna *IH s»o*'p tho market of Kng-
Ils-'h cci;il tu HO y< aiR i« by iio mean* mi 00
Published every Saturday morning at- its office,
Pellat Avenue^ Fernie," B." C. Subscription $1.00
per year, in advance, An excellent advertising
medium, Largest circulation in the District. Advertising'rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. .Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
• J. W. BENNETT, Edit,oy.
Telephone No. 487; Postoffice Box No. 380
' <UNK>N
- \>
rE are not at all surprised that the Free Press
should take the other side of an argument to
■n o ' -   V
the District Ledger, and by so doing tacitly acknowledge the interests of the mine workers are being
championed hy-'their organ, and, of course, leaving
•the" other sid^ ;of ,tlre questiou for our co-tem.
tp advocate—merely a matter of economic determinism,'or in-plain language, devoid of any theoretical terminology, simply a bread and .butter question—but; we do most emphatically protest against
distortion.or,misrepresentation, and then from false
premises learned deductions builded thereon.
y-"W"e published a reported' suggestion of C. W.
Gross, late Attorney" General for. Alberta,, that the
government^should own "and operate the coal mines,
: and yet were by no means 'quite enthusiastic, "our
■co-tem. to the contrary notwithstanding, nor do we
find it even a "trifle difficult to hold up'Mr Cross as
'.a shining light in economics" (because we don't),
for the very simple reason that, as a rule, on this
'continent governments, do not enter into any undertakings' which would interfere with private enter-,
prise, provided, of''course,- that profit be derived
therefrom. ■  The writer of the article njj^fled to
, not"only has knowledge of the Alberta Great "Waterways deal, but also of tlie.1 Nakusp and Sandon
Railroad: , Government ownership with partisan
governments may build automobile roads, highways,
telegraphs, schools, arm TTrand equip armies and
navies in all of which profit is not a consideration.-,"'"
"We do not become-'quite enthusiastic" for Gov-
consistent and bring this labor 'commodity' down
to cost?" -7We have not the.slightest objection
to being accepted as authority on the commodity
status of laborer, and* if labor-power is not a com-
modify, as our eo-tem. would'have us believe, simply
leaving-to be inferred'instead of boldly refuting,
we are perfectly willing to be corrected on the subject, and would ask for s,ueh'.enliglitenment. as the-
editor of the Free Press can* furnish us.
We will put aside ail begging of"the question, and
oome-out straight and flat-footed..,' "Labor," as
understood .by our "censor, .is" a "commodity,"
whioji we state that like' .'.all other commodities
must on the-general7average'exchange at its cost
of'production, and' there .is no reason to"ask any
question regarding consistency iri getting this labor
down.to its cost/but this struggle'is.simply an.attempt, dike vall other commodity struggles, to prevent it being;brought down even lower than it,is at
present, and< by so doing decrease the, standard of
living, by-no means a very high one in this locality.
As the writer of the article in question has seen
fit to enter the arc^a of 'theoretical economics,"
if he has any knowledge on the subject to impart
showing what may.be to him fallacy, not only miners, but the, writer • and other students would be
pleased to receive samp.
There is one-item, which is indeed wdrthv of
consideration of those \yK'o. -continually talk of the"
loss that ensues .when men go on strike, which is
that their assumptions are based on the theory of
continuous employment, which, as all know,' who
have lived for/any length of time in a mining'com-
iriunity, should they give the subject a little consideration, that when;the market haV become well
stocked that there'is temporary, cessation of operations. On the front page of the Ferine,Free Press
we'find a paragraph dealing with the closing down
of a.mine at Ellensburg for the winter. .Now, as
.this acts'in much the same manner as'does any
other idleness,-whether strike, lock-out orariability
to operate from any cause whatsoever, that there
is necessarily no wages paid'out. ."We might ask
a question here. As these men are^not working a1/
the Ellensburg mine, although for a different reason
than in this district, by what; method of reasoning
,can we arrive at the conclusion that theywill have
been able to save sufficient to operate mines0 and
hold the "situation in"the hollow, of their heads?"
We can only characterize-such arguments, if sucli
they can be called,, as exceedingly shallow, even if
<tlu<y 'are imt-entirely "hollow."    ,7      •'      „.
EJtaNSBURG,^Wash., ,Oct.J9.—Mine No. 6,
; Hie^fargestfinne in'the Roslyn .coal fields, will
■* sirat down foi the'winter on Nov. 1, as the company has 'enough coal on hand tp last-through
ythe winter. /Many miners .are'leaving-the clis-
.flHct and up/er county stores are cancelling mer
' 'Our Letter Box'
Tho District Ledger nceopts no responsibility for tho views expressed by its corres-.
pondents. Communications will bo.insertccl
whether signed by the..roiil name-of. tho
jwriter or a nom do plumo, but the writer's,
name' and adclross must bo. given to tho
Kditor as evidence of good faith.' In no caso.'
will it be divulged without consent;. ■   -   -
ernment ownership, even where it be properly administered from the viewpoint of the business man,
and arc by no means blind to the defects which
exist at the present time in operating upon this
basis. Yet, in many countries, which are
, much older than this, but where partisanship is
not a factor, enterprises under government control,
both civic and national, have been and are operated
with belter results than under private control.
We must congratulate our co-tem. upon the assurance he makes bold to state that "the operators
would gladly give it (the tax on coal) lo the men,"
as we were under the impression that the coal operators, equally as -well ns the miners, tire looking
after their own material interests, hence cannot
understand why they (the operators) should suddenly becomo philanthropic.
'■ As a'matter of simple computation it would be
exceedingly interesting to Iciioav by what method
our co-tem, arrived nt the conclusion that "willi
tlie money lost in tho present struggle the miner's
could have purchased a controlling interest in any
coal mino in the country," as it, should bo "fresh
in the mind of some people, probably including the
writer on the" Free Press that the miners of the
Fernie district, at least, havo not been receiving for
' several yenrs past such monthly wages that would
leave them any very largo margin after paying for
the actual necessaries of lil'u, honco are at a loss
to undurBtand how "thoy could have hold Uiu situation in llio hollow of their—heads."
' "Labor is a ooiimiodily. We have it on nn
authorily which some of the miners at, lens) will
iteccpt". Now, while wo are gelling down lo i\ iiieiv
'cost' in con!, nnd oilier eonimodilios why noi he
ianS^jse' orfers in anticipa
les for ^l/ winter .—Fern:
'V     ,   ■■'' J..
.7; ,v, Frank,'Alta, Oct724, 191i,
To the Editor, District" Ledger:— • -';
Dear Sir—I.belle/ve it is just as'well
that' I;giye-'yourai true account; of; the;
assault upon me'at Blairmore by Chas
Chestnut'^and,James May. I was;informed that -JaB^May and James Pa-,
don were going'to work in the Blair:
more'Mines on'the 17th,.so I hit upon
a simple yet' novel way of letting the-
citizens of Blairmore know of this fact';
1 made use of ^my gramophone horn,
as a megaphone, calling out the names
of, these "two men, but not a word
about Chas, Chestnut. I stood at all"
the principal parts of. the town so that
all were able to hear me.' After leaving the main streets I went on my
way home in the dark, but orico more
stood to give" a parting call to the
same effect, ;wlien I was waylaid and
knocked dow'n'by Chas. Chestnut, and*
then whilst down- May commenced
kicking me. . After requesting them' to
desist I asked Chas. Chestnut why he
had attacked mo in this cowardly
way: He replied: "I will teach you
—;—(oh! unprintable!), calling my
name .out in the street." In- court he
admitted, I had .not mentioned his
name, so that you see he had no reason
to say. or do anything tO' me.
It Is obvious to anyone knowing the
facts of the case why he attacked me.
James Padon'is'a great favorite with
Chestnut, and, was malting big money
oa pillars, ,the averages, as brought out
in .Dr. Gordon's «• report." Now' you
would have expected men of this type
to stand firm in the struggle, and not
scab. He is a=member of Blairmore
Local, and therefore a traitor to his
obligations,.- and'-1 deserves the fate of
Judas Iscarioty
Now, had three.union men attacked
Chas. Chestnut I venture to say that
heavy terms of;imprisonment 'would
have been - their** portion, not a ten
dollar fine: '7 ■-,' Observe the difference-
in treatment to'-one of the union men.
He committed'-the, offence of speaking
to a' 'man , going to- work ,as a scab
and asked him1, not. to go. He was
on trial two-days and sent down to
Macieod in.irons and kept there two
days until^$15f»0'r bail -was' provided',
and still they say "every man is equal
before the law.'.' ' '>■'•     -,        -    '   $•
I trust when-the-next great struggle
comes ' between1'Labor  and   Capital
Sold on the
Merits of
y       s \    ^
■ - .,.   ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
CAPITAL,' ■-$10,000,000 REST, -'" $8,000,000
Every branch of The Canadian Bank of'Commerce is "equipped to, issue drafts fin  -,
the principal cities in thefoilo wing countries without delay: \ . ,'
•">;-> Africa -   -"-• Crete   .
u   Arabia,    ~ .-,    "■ Cubaj.,.-
-,,' Argentine Republic Denmark
Australia Egypt
' Austria-Uunjfaiy; Faroe lalaada   -     Ireland
,,'" Formoaa
, Franco
Greec* ' New Zealand     '   'Siberia ',
Holland-'   : •,   .--".NonrajTJ   '-'.' '•'-■ Soudaa •   ''<■  •'
Iceland ./Fanaau, . ' }-.;.  , South Africa   '
India '  Penaa "•    ,?*   '.'■*'Spain",	
Pern      .'_'_'?■! • StraiUSettlements
Italy-     ,   '^T'f,"  PhilippinelalandavSweden
Java '
. Fr'ch Cocbia China Malta
j Germany,   , Manchuria
members .to see that regiilatlona are
not violated in any way, Instead of
squealing through the^ Free Press.
. In conclusion I would like to draw
attention,to the way'In which thlB
correspondent hldes,behln'd a'nbm-de-
plume, and the knocking of District
18 through the' correBpondencg' columns of the Free Press" looks to us
a little strange. A Union Man should
not be ashamed of using his name to
any communication he "may write,: at
least, not jwtien' there are 75 per cent,
on his side. - - * — ',- ,, ,
. Trusting you.will give this communication'., the same, prominence. as the
one in question, and'thanking yoii in
anticipation, ■ ".. '; ,   •■.■•'.
I anij. -
•,-'■ Yours'truly,  '
; -,     <: J. A. TUPPER
,;- Braiil _
Chili    '. , ■    .
'   China'-" „>  Great Britai«?,    . Mexico
-The amount of these drafts ia stated in the" money of the country where they are payable; that is they are drawn in sterling, francs, marks, lire, kronen; florins, yen, : .
taels, roubles, etc., as tbe'case ipay be.   This ensures that' the'payee abroad will
receive the actual amount'intended. "',.'-■       ~. 7- "   - A233 -..
Portugal      , / SwitzerlandVf---
Rouinaoia,. ■ •> Tiirkcy -,.         ,''         ,
Suuia, ..'r - UnitedStatee .   _■.-'; ,-
Serria'        - i.    - Uruguay' •   .             '
Siam     „, West Indies, etc
' L. A. S. DACK,  Manager.
anticipation of ■ a decrease, in
■Fernie Free Press." ' ■
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners4 /"
Ranges and Cook Stoves
F.OE some time past- there has been complete
passivity in the relations between the two
parties to the dispute at present existing.throughout District .18, but on Wednesday a'change took
place when,, through, the instrumentality of the
Hon. Robert. Rogers, Minister of Interior,'it was arranged that a .ioint meeting, should be held, tlie
basis upon which negotiations should be opened to
be oh Dr Gor.don's report and "also the check-off
The report that reached town omThursday evening that thp. strike had been settled was premature,
inasmuch as the authority for calling it off is not
vested in ih'e District Officials, as this is determined'
by the men'themselves. Tin's is a much more satisfactory method,'being democratic, and completely
dispels the illusions' entertained by some Lhat labor
troubles are precipitated by "irresponsible leaders"
instead oi! which it is the rank and file who outline-
the policy to bo pursued, tho officials acting in tlie
capacity of servants, not as dictators.
The inadequacy of sectional strikes daily grows
stronger, butuntil the working class have the truth
forced upon them that a lean larder against, a steel
chest iH heavily handicapped from tlio start, wo may
expect these-labor troubles to recur from time, to
time, but with each turn of the cycle lessons arc
lpiirwd llinl mny pveiilunte in tlm nninplolo disappearance of conflicts between laborers and capitalists as a sequence lo the awakened realization
tlml if men and women arc to be real MRN nnd
, WOMK.V and not merely animated packages   of
i barter in tho labor market and a prey to the condi-
! lions tluil govern other ■•nnimmliiicK, Hut wages sys-
item must lie abolished en I i rely,
in Canada, that.we-will organize industrially as they now are, in England,
and as resqlyecU'at the Trades and
Labor Congress-sat-,Calgary, when we
can beat them to'a'standstill, . That
will happen when every working man
Is wise enough to put'his cross opposite 'the name of the candidate serving under the Glorious, Logical and
Just Banner of Socialism.
In Blairmore theyixrejaboring under
great- difficulties and unfairness as
men, members of Lille, Coleman, Frank
Michel and Hlilcrest are scabbing.
They are ashamed;to:do this In their
own camps so come sneaking in hero,
Tf v/o forget these men In the future
we' deservo all we-may.get, and If allowed to Join any local .to which I belong! will not rub shoulders, with
If WO'cannot, see which tradesmen
19 this town aro on our sldo and vice
versa, woll wo must be dullards, and
It is up to them (the men) to rub It
In well next time.
Now. I will close, Jiavlng written n
longer letter than I had intended, and
."bog to remain,
Yours, In llio fight,
Michel, B. C., 25th Oct., 1911.
To the Editor, District Ledger:—
s Dear Sir,—I noticed, in your last issue a letter from Charles Burrows of
Frank, challenging^ Charles Carver for
theJ Welter ' Weight Championship of
CtMi'da'y Burrows statesin his letter
that he' has written,'two" separate let-
tors to Ca'ryer accepting his challenge
hot'failed to get.any reply.' I'might
state, the: reason " why Carver never
replied to his- letters,' was:" Twelve'
months ago myself and,Mr. Carver'
were' down.in Frank, when Mr. Burrows' approached"Carver,,and' challenged him , to a'bout. In reply'.Carver
stated that he did not'think Burrows^
would be much of a drawing card to
box him anywhere in the Pass, but if
he would'put $200 as a,side'het Carver
■ (Continued on page 5) :*""  -
60   YEARS'
Trade Marks
Copyrights &e.
_ iiu DU..U1..B a Duubdi and description may
qnlcUIr ascertain our opinion froe-wnothor an
Invention isprobnblyr*   "~
Ariyono sending a sUetcli and description ma;
...     --r opinion irooyno!"	
._  TtttSWflyA.f0""1^	
tlonstiirlcllyconfidential. HANDBOOK on Patontb
tent troo. Oldost ncency foi-eoeurlnif patonts.
Patents tnlcon through Munn & Co. reeolv*
ijxfialnotfM, without obareo, In tho
Scientific jnmrican.
a handsomely Illustrated wookly. Inmost circulation ot any scientific Journal.   Ti        "
<,an»du»|,t.i5 a year,postage propnld.
11 iioWBdealori.
orms for
Sold by
Nowhere In the PaBs can be
found  In such  a display of
ITofliner, B.C.. 24th Oct. 1011.
To tho Editor, District Uodgor:—
Dear Sir,—In tho Fornlo Freo Pross
of October 20th, 1011,"thoro Is a com-
irunlcntlon hy ono who nt lonst signal
lilniKclf as n "Union Minor,' nddrosHCd
lo men of District 18, U. M. \V ot A.,
rml'JiiB certain, sneering, and In   my
opi'i'Ton totally uiinnllod for roninrks
touching tlio lnloFi'lty of tho offlclftls j
oi! tho "ITnllcil Mlno Workers of Am-
orjon; nlHO rhnrirlnR tho offloliilw with I
donumiilnK thrt cloclf-off contrary lo j
I Lo wIhIiph of thn Iiirito nutjniity of I
llio nioinboi'Hlilii,    it lu ovlilont Mini I
I.IiIh corro'ipftiiilon* who bIkiiii liimn'jlf I
ft "Union MIikt' 'irul only ono olijocl I
lu writ I ii ft, nmi Hint, wax to knock, lint I
It nmy ho pcrlnips now« to thin "Union
Minor"  Hint    n    knor/kor's hnmnior I
drlvcH no iiiiIIh. ■ I
The writer of Hitn brllllnnt commiinl-
ration bIiowh hlmuolf romnrkably iRiior
nnt nf tlm f'oiivfHutlon, nnd ospoclnlly
bo for. a "Union Minor," or ho avouM
never hnvo writ ton tlio nlffli* nbout llio
liomlltifi of renponfll,blo officials, nor
would ho have m..d« tiny ohRorvatlonn
nbout tho o,hCfl(.fiff not liolnir nrcopt-
nhlo to tho Ki'ontor mimhor of tho
iiiQiiibuiH of DiBtrict Hi, and tins
"Union Miner" wmild also havo known
that thr- dfritials of tho orfinnlzailon
Imvo ui "no time (lonutiHluil nnytliliiK
tlinii Una u'lilcli tho rank and fllo of
thin nmi net iiimnlmoiiBly limtrucietl
thorn to (If-ninnil. Thin tho corroHpon-
d«'nt iniiftt have known, hnd ho attended a union mcotliiB alnco Tnnimry of
thin year.
With rominl to tho bonding of ro-
■ronplhio offtclivl.1, which oecnuv to
troiiWo the "Union Miner" no uoroljr,
I ivouW u.fi'i' him to Ai'UcU t, uluo
Artlflfl 3. Hoctlon 4, of our District
Con*tltutlon.    It In mirely up !o' our
We have f^he best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veil, Poul'try, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lord,   Sausages,
Welners and Snuer Kraut,   .
, .       \i  •
Galpry Cattle Go.
Phone 66
Mrs, S. Jonnhtgs, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 nnd up
Hot and Cold Water
titoiric Liyntea
•Steam Healed.
'Phone In every room.
Sample pooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical par-
tie*. -Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
The finest of Wines. Liquors
and Cigar* t*tvt4 by competent
nnrf eMIrlng wln» elurVn,
And  Nothing but the Best In Fresh    .;
and    Smoked    Meats,    Fresh * and ~ 7
..,   ' Smoked,Fish, Dairy Produce, poultry,  \.;
' Etc. "„Etc., go to':
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
Insurance, Real
',. '-,■"',    '  y*■■' - -■•-   "    '''   -'-
Money to .Loan on first class Business and Residential property
THE   "Universal"1  Food
Chopper chops all kinds
r—w^,,,,,.^ of food, whether meat
'   Nv   or vegetables—
±       '-\'\ \    raw or cooked
■as coarse
or fine as
l"X. -wanted— .
With the
of the
knife and
Buy tho genuine "Universal."
The Comfort Route East
* Wr*W*i» **«pm*ivww. **•
CIoso conoctloiiH with tho mnln Uno trnlna. Lonnor, higher, wider
I'crthg, Individual berth nnd sent lights In .aloopors and conchon.
ViK.um cleaned, Kloctrlc lighted on-tlmo trains, tho latottt models
from pilot to tall lights,
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No. 161 P. O. Box 305
Ledger Ads Bring Results 4
* .       .-    ..-„   '.
|iv    hh - ta ;\ tmm -   9mv9mw   -map ^*m&r taaa gsg«a
* ...
*¥**¥»*¥¥¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥*¥*¥¥ ¥¥¥¥»¥-¥4^****¥-¥-¥**¥¥^r^*»¥****»»*¥-**»**¥-*¥¥-*¥-»4
WWW + *V^^***±-k*****^*WW
^^g^F tjb
♦♦♦ »♦♦♦»♦♦
,' delivered7"to-all   7
parts of. the" town >:
j 7 ' 7   »   v   -y •
Sanders. & Ve'rHaest • Brothers.
Proprietors      . T 7
Owr Letter Box
' ",' (Continued from page 4)- ■ 7
■*^»*y>W4MHW»»^MMypHHH^^^        »»**»»»»»V*-¥¥**^**¥¥»»*¥W»JM^ YYTyYYYV7Ty''
/,    /
* '
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-, c- C
-, -<
■".* *■«
--.,'; ■*
- ' -t
• -'""C
.-'.    '' <
■ ■   X'-C
.* '■"«.'
1 - '..•"'. c
... ';>  -t
iHj. ■ t
' -. (
.' ■<
1 *,:-" , 7 7''", ■~t''' -    "
Aerent iWcrwiie
Ave.    North
,'Bar'supplied, with-the, best Wines.
-.'   '  Liquors and Cigars   •
W. H. Murr   -   Prop.
■ '*■• i
You're always welcome here,
 1—,__ ,	
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
him.on.' The winner to take all.gate
receipts. ' But".Mr." Charles Burrows
did^'not want,to "put up any sido'-bet
and did not like the idea of the winner
taking all-"gate receipts. ,\ "; V
"Mr.Carver would have no'more to
doVith" the said, gentleman..-- '""■". »
- I might state that Mr. Carver is now
in. Alberta ,and'I am communicating
with- Wm, -so "if anything, should tinn
up In" the shape of a contest, and'if Mr
Il>irrow&7 is.,'willing to' put'un from
$200 to $500 as a side bet, Mr. Carver
will only be'too glad to meet him at
any time or any place ,where they can
get the contest off., " \
''''"' '• ' Yours truly, ,, ,' -
:-,- ;•'   .  ■■'•'"  .v' JOB MORRIS
,'•.-• - y. , , Blairmore, j 24th' Oct.; 1911
The Bditor.'Dlstrict - Ledger^- ',;
? Dear Sir,—Would-eflteem it a favor
if you would permit me space in your
valuable' ftaperHo "express^my heartfelt
thanks ■ for-, the, kindly, services shown
during the sidknes of my departed wife
and,'also'to-those who, have given, me
so many evidences of their kindly sympathy *in my bereavement, especially
to Mesdames" Lindsay and Palma Ren-
acco and the Presbyterian divine. Also
express my deep sense of. the appreciation-shown by.the Italian Society
of Lille and other friends in attending
the Interment ; , .
' Thanking you for the courtesy,
Yours fery truly,"     - *
♦.♦.,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦-♦„♦"♦;♦
♦ -yy- vy;*
♦ ,  COAL CREEK BY" 1747,;' ♦
.♦     .-  -  -,-   - y;v ' ♦
,♦ ♦♦ ♦'♦ «"►" <S> *'.*'«-,♦ ♦ <*>
, The Rev. Mr. Dimmick,", of Fernie,
will preach in, the Methodist" Church up
here on Sunday evening,' Oct.'' 29th.' - A
hearty invitation is extended, to all to
be present     *'■    ,'•>' •.,'•; ~" ;.'\,^
-There has been ..'great expectations
up here as" to the outcome, of .the visit
of the-Hon. Mr.'Rogers to, Lethbridge.
which up to the present has turned out
—Nixs, ■'    7:.'.- ,   ; .-,.'7 7-,
Mrs. B. J. Barnes, her sister and son,
left'here last-Monday. for.Merritt in
the Nicola Valley, where Ben is at-present working., ' ,'?■•
Mr. J. Wyliie, an old resident of
Coal Creek, drove up here from Hosmer on Monday,to visit Mr. and Mrs.
Adam "Watson, returning to Hosmer on
Tuesday morning. , ;■ '*, 7
. Mr." Robert Schram "returned home
last weekend after spending a few
weeks; at Fort Steele'.   »."   "
Mr. W; V. Bell and Jos. Dixon left
here last week for a trip to the coast"
!  -     .     Fernie, B..C.';'Oct' 25/1911
To the Editor, District-Ledger:— .
Dear > Sir,—There - is one strange
thing in the running of this town that-
I would like to say a few .words about
and that is howdobs it come that a
man who is not a tax payer can get
work when a man who does pay taxes
and-is'out of work, cannot get a-job
wprk out of the city. Is this city,
which pays its mayor a1 salary and:the
aldermen $5.00.> meeting,-to'be run
for'the benefit of the .whole people, or
Is the position'of a public officer to be
used for Ills own private .benefit? .If
a man does not'do .his duty-in keeping
out, but when''he does' do it and'it
happens not to suit somebody else
how can you expect to get good, men
to look after"the city affairs. \ -,
'•"'P hope-that 'the' taxpayers of ^Fernie
at the next election will see to it that-
men.are put into office who look upon
a public office as a public trust.
«"■   Yours etc., .    ,
\ Policy
t ■
A Policy
l« n onMlnr tn lioln von In thr»
lmttlo of life. Whon your
hulldlriKB nro Insured,
You Feel
You know thnt wood null slono
mny bo dontroyed; hut a policy
in our company Is lndostruct-
llilb,    V.'Ull.; thb hoUnt1! lit liUrit*
inn the policy changes into
^As-Is generally known the Crow's
Nest Pass Coal Company secured tho
powor rights "from the government
some years ago. nnd have held them
ever since,' and, In fact, It ls alleged
that there was a clauso In 7 tholr
charter which disallowed of them
either selling or leasing tholr power
We understand though thnt ■ this
was ' ovorcomo by tho Crow's Nest
Compnny allowing It to revert hack
to tho government whon It was taken
up by another party. ■■
Tho company whom it Is believed
will start work on tho ..development
of powor in tho spring is that of
Smith, Cary nnd Chnso, of Toronlo,
one of tho InrgoBt engineering and
contracting firms In tho Dominion.
Mr. Smith, tho senior member of
the firm, wns west. this fall,, and
while horp, Inferred, in conversation
with n woll known himlnoss man thac
IiIh company would coinmonco work
noxt yonr.
Shortly nftor this nnothor gontlo-
mnn, enc, ot the,district mnnngora^of
Mr, Rmltll'H compnny, Informed tlio
snmo [ronllomnn thnt IiIh company
would do tho work, nnd would commence noxt Hprlng.
ThiH will ccrlnlnty bo Koml uow.-t
o cvntyono In 131 ko nnd tho Nik
""'nllcy district nnd tho TlmcH Ih,
plciiHod lo ho Iho medium of oonvoy-
inn Iho fnlollfKotu'o.—Thb TOlk Itlvsr
:♦ ♦ ♦ ♦, ,♦ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦«:♦♦♦
♦■' y,'' ^
♦   '•       , MICHEL. NEWS *>
♦ '   '/yy - ■ °   ■   ♦
♦ ♦"♦.♦"♦ ^ '♦ ♦ '"♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
Summonses have been issued' to'
some of the boys for using violence
and-threats to some of Andrew Matu-
sky's hirelings. The boys have no fear
of the results; and they no doubt will
be discharged. • '.. - /., „    ,
Mr, Rory McDougall has left for
Wardner,' where he has got a position
as ,chlef engineer for a lumber. Company up there. '
We regret to announce" the death of
little Georgie Carr. 7 We", extend our
deepest^ sympathy to -the "bereaved
parents. -.'-, '•   " "' .    ,'
What Is the matter with Ed. Stacey?
Havenot'seenhlm lately. Some say
he's in the matrimonial market, -j
Mr. John Owens (Yorkle). who for
the'past few days has been taking
the place of chief engineer at the New
Michel Saw, Mill Company's plant, has
done gawn quit. ■ ' ,Yorkle says one
boss is enough: don't want two.-, '.'
-Mr. Wm. Stewart has left for Cumberland, where he,has secured,a posi-
your new surroundings. 76      • .7
Mr. John McDougall, brother of Rory
McDougall, was In camp Tuesday.
rJust from Nova Scotia.- He was quite
surprised atthe mountain scenery and
the magnificent,hovels' that this-town
sports. • J,       '-   ''\
We are glad to hear of'the progress
that- Mrs. T. Robinson, ls making towards recovery from a long period of
sickness.,',   > „
Mr. Harry Lowe is once moro around
town after having been laid up and-
operated on for appendlcltes. Though
not quite In hla usual form, he Ib making rapid stops towards recovery.   -
Mr. hen Morton, who has been ,in
Camp for the past few days, returned
to Sandstone, near Calgary.
We aro glad to sco Messrs. Mercer
and Ryan hack In camp; thore's no
place llko home.
On Monday night through tho hospitality of Mr.- John Wnddlngton nnd
tho generosity of Mr. Charles Webb,
a soclnl- wns held at tlio aforementioned gentleman's home.
MurIc and Ringing with n goodly supply of tho stuff thnt, cheers, wns fur
nlBhod until tho ldto hours of tho night
When all returned on their way, rejoicing,
Mr. Michael McLean has returned to
cahip. Ho has boon working at Finch
for qulto n while, but now Intends
tnklng up IiIb nbodo In tho camp again.
Mr. Tom WIlBon has loft Camp for
Ntiw Wontmlnstor, where ho has occur
ed n position lu, tho foundry,
Save over $25
when buying vour
Yon can buy DOMINION PRIDE RANGE at Factory Price
Direct from Ilie Largest Malleable Range Works In Canada
am, VI PJffnuniEISHT
,—.,     .-,.__ .-,,.    -    ,-„-■-- t      ■  j— ■■- •- — pay tbe Dealer for a Range
Expense of Handling and Selling +.Retailer's Profit +'   which cost as much to make..
Freight. .Are you anxious to contribute $25 or $30 to the
By our direct "Factory to Kitchen" selling plan all   middlemen? "     '   -   ■>
these charges are'eutoitt except the actual manufacturing,'      .Inthe-r
wibwi mvmiwvjmWmVWwmn
Here ls a Boob Worth Having
IT tells about coblclng from the time tbe
Care Dwellers used to put hot stones ln
the jot to boil It. The Book conUias
interesting infor-'
tnatloo gathered
from many sources and is illustrated   profusely.
The "Evolntim of
the Cook St«veT .
also tells all about'
*the "Dominion I
Pride" Ranges.
Whether you need
a Range just now
or not you will
enjoy this book.  ,
Write far Iree espy.  g
you get a full dollar'a worth of actual stove value    bright polished top spick and span with a few rubs
for every dollar you pay.  ... , of a cloth. Your husband will be more than pleased
The "DOMINION PRIDE" is made of tough, with the reduction in the, coal or wood bill—for
strong malleable iron and the best blue' polished the "DOMINION PRIDE" saves, by actual tests,
steel—materials'that will neither warp, crack nor    30% of the fuel. '
break, so that it will last a lifetime.   It is made in A "DOMINION PRIDE" Range, wifa High
the largest Malleable Iron Range Works in Canada,     Closet Shelf and Elevated Tank or "Flush Reservoir,
with Zinc Sheet to go under range, 8 sections Blue
Polished Steel Pipe and 2 Elbows, will be delivered
to any Station in Ontario, Quebec or the
Maritime Provinces for I41, or,to any Station'in
the Four .Western Provinces for I49—$5 to be sent
with order and balance to be paid when Range is
delivered at your Station. Ifjiot convenient to pay
cash we will arrange to accept your note. ■
and each range is backed by our unconditional
The "DOMINION PRIDE" looks well, cooks
well, saves fuel and is easily cleaned.--.'.-You'll be
proud,, of its neat, handsome appearance, in your
.,kitchen,"and of the appetizing food-it will,cook to
perfection for you. You'll appreciate,.the'easei'of
keeping its blue polished steel ■■ sorjS/^and the
Canada Malleable & Steel Range
When .writina; it will be a distinct favor to us if yoa" will mention this paper. '■
0. Limited, Oshawa, Ontario.
Denis McLafferty has left- here,  to  of the.building'down,. ' It is generally
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ + * «
, By Warbler ♦
Insurance    Real Estate
<"*>♦♦♦♦♦♦<>♦♦ .s>*y
Hilly (not llir\, Oont) Ir on tlio'wnr-
pntli nsnln. Would ficor«o nnd Hurry
Mull liintliiR In f>'il lonvo hlrh n dour
Undo tteiinlo w«h up n nhort tlm<i
vifli!u;r hifc old frlci.d Mllco Wmi'iur:.
He DfPi.rod (ho hoyn beforo Rotting oft
ihf tritln that he had not como uj»
horn to »cnh. No fenr, Tlnclo Ilonn'o
hns lived too long In thin world nna
linen throiigli too mnny lnbor trouhlon
to Htnrt In flint frnmn nt tlilq Into diif.
MIbb Owen Itynn, of Mlchol, hnn boon
the RiWHt of Mrg. Ihill for tho paBt
ff,«.      f?n..-< Xtf1, «, I       ^„ r ,,, ,|1
' *  " * ^".f»      ,'....
Tnmmv on Bnturdtiv fllrtit''
Tho mnnni^mpnt of tho Roclal Club
nro runtilnit It In flno «hnp.j now. Ko-
thing doing!
Any portion who dooH not kciw wlmt
"f» clnund town™ 1n r/inM nnnn,. «^,i
out hy coining up horo. ,. Pay offlco,
telcphono office, post 'office, utoro,
otc, oil rolled (nlo ono.
J. W. Chambori who hat boon tramp
lng about In tho hllla for aovornl days
past returned to camp having bc«n
ditmiMl tiy a t<>rodou8 aqulrrcl!
Wo havo notice the tcam«t«rii draw
in« roftl from thn "Wg nhowlnis" not
Crow's Nesty?,,"-   ■■ '■
. Johnson and Brace,' the strawbosses,'
are still discussing and cussing and re-
cussing' the Ledger as they' say it is
very aggranoying .to get so much cheap
advertising.    ■ ■' ■>■'   '
It' ' would' '. be ' interesting to
know the difference in the output
per manbetweenwhat ls^got out now
and when the "more Intelligent miners
now on strike were working.
Corbin Lodge of I. O, O/.P. added
two new members to their roster Monday laBt.
What's the matter with the dances
now? Perhaps the ladlos don't appreciate' the acquaintance of .thosewho
by their actions stand for low wages,
child labor, etc.
■ Tho;,Bo Is still agent for tho Elk
Valley- Browing Co., and Is already to
tako your order.
After sorvlcb on Sunday lnsl a mini-
bro of latllOB hold a meeting in tho
home of Mrs. Hughes Boll with a
view to organizing a Ladles* Aid So-
, Jim Sharp iiuihI ho Intending to
start ln tlio poultry businoBS as ho has
had qulto a number of "genarous
workors" building a chicken house.
Virtue Ib Ub own reward, but	
Martin McGary was ovor horo Sun-
dayvlBltlng frlonds. George and ho
woro certainly Interested when tho
ladies woro 'admiring thorn through
tlio opera bIiibbob.
Mr. Harry Clayton, of Cranbrook,
ls on a visit lo old tlmo frlonds 'iip-
lu.ro,     Iln InlnndH having n week's
hunting beforo ho roob hack,     Wo
wIhIi him good luck.
niclmnl Jonon, our Union Secretary,
has again been ordorod out of Corbln.
Wo wonder If I IiIh \a tlio "freedom"
that tho polltlnlniiH tnlk about and Ih
found In tho dictionary, hut iIooh not
oxlot In nil pIiH-oH. "Ilo pa'r'ntlc!
aland by Iho flag, hm-i!"    Ring, "Hii-
.rnnd nnnp thA_^ii ml orc*r»r»,lJL+v,Q *■_!._ 4-M*.  	
had quite a lot of experience in such/b)e/iljC^{a'f
matters- in .Colorado and as actions- *"*- 7'------
speak louder than words   we   do hoi'
think' any more words are necessary.1
toriN never .ahull lu> hIuvom," nnd it lol
moro of micli dopo Ih pmldlod and then j
ho told to get nut of the country by n ]
fnrolunnr,    Knally, It Ih funny! j
Tho Union nifii who aro ptandlng!
faithful to tholr ari;;>»I/.ailoji nr« nuv, .
.compelled lo bo Into the bush llko so,
many criminals to hold lheir moeling*. 1
floh Hodhond 1ms hern pronnntcri with '
a phlrkon rnoii by tin- Coal Company
for faithful nei'vlre,
The nominations for different offices
for noxt year's election, which tako
place the second Tuesday ln December,
are as follows:
PRESIDENT.—W.   B.   Powell,   Coleman, present incumbent.
J. E. Smith,'Fernie.
VICE-PRESIDENT.—Clem Stubbs,  No
contest hbnee elected by acclama-
' t'<»1.   ,
Carter.   The like'honor haB been
bestowed' upon the present holder
of this office. •
Owing to tho retirement of Chnu
Garner of Lethbridge, au International
Board Momber, It Is expected that
thero will ho a vory strongly contoulod
flfilit to fill the vacancy. Tho aspirants aro as follows:
Robt. Evans, Frank, Alta.
0     W. Graham, Coleman,
T, J. Harries, Mlchol
J. O. Jones, HIllcrcBt.
D. McNab, Lothbridgo. ..',". ....
D, Rees, Fornlo,
J. A. Tupper, 'Hosmor,
abb-District No. 1.:
"'j J. W, Gray, Fornlo (oloctod),    „
Sub-District No. 2:
"  Three contestants—W, Carruthers,
Frank:   E.  Christie,   llellovue;   D.
E, Hyslop, Colenmu.
Sub-District No, 3:
Two contestants:
L. Moore, Lethbrldoe;
E. Brov/n, Tahnr
Beta-District No, 4:
W. Lees, llankhead. who was r«-
tuntoil without oppoiilllon,    ,
*daek)play/k Is feared that'the dlscon-'
*jfe-:- --'—--^Wch-tB^tlll'BnroldBriHg'wiir
afresh"1.- ■■
p. Iri othpr spheres of labor"; .although
trade generally has not been* so good'
fbr''.inany, years, the same'feeling ot
unrest prevails. In almost every
branch of Industry where an advance
has not already been conceded there
Is an agitation on foot for on increase.
In the coal trade wages are regulated
hy selling prices, which aro easily ascertained. = But while' tlie miners have
no ground for "complaint, so far aB
wages, are concerned, thero are several
other minor matters .which are' ongag-'
Ing their attention and In various centers trouble Is threatened, These,
however, arc mostly local in character
and will not nffeet the trado as a
Within the past, fow weeks a strllte
took place among the shipyard hold-
oi-K-ori, on tho Clyde, and other parts
of Scotland.     Tlio holdors-on are as-
liociatcd with tho rlveterH, and tholr
occupation Is of no llttlo Importance In
the shipyard  Industry.'    Their grlo-
vaneo was not agalnnt. tho shipbuilders
but against tholr follow workmen, the
riveters, who receive Ib. for ovory'3d.
tho  holders -on  receive,  tho entire
squad being paid by rosults.     Fortunately, after   the Btrlkn had been In
operation for eight days the officials
of the Hollo'i'makers' Sodoly, to which
both  parties belong, utoppod  In and
work  wan  resumed,  pending  nn  In-
■ qnlry Intho nlloged grievance,
I    Wllh  this  exception,  work  In   tlio
JRhlpynrd has been going along splendidly; on the Clyde alone the tonnage
'launched since the beginning of iho j
i.vniv  oxenoiU   IIUi.Ailo  loiiw,  whldi in
j(''if.lly tlie hoHl «i(n<'fi 11)07 (tin- renin! !
jyenr), when Hie nut put for tlio r-ori'm- |
■pnnilliiM period wan H-'>,000 toiiu.   Willi ,
Jtlie I'liniiiiouti aiiiiiiiin of work mi hand >
itliem Ih hv« ry prospect, pio\ldi'd thnin '
I arc nn further Htrikcn, of another re-'
7onl lii'lnr. f'stiilil/Hlii-d.     In regard to
If.hlppliiK, Ihi-Tiaiih-Ailmille (f.ni|ianl<'H ,
'have hnd nn '•xeeptlnnal srriKon.   Ah
'(i  iiih- ciiilnniiloii    from    the    Cl.vdf
jramew to an end about mld-niimmrr,
ibtit thin year It him gone on wlihrnii '
IN SCOTLAND jimomiptioii  nnd  the w«'fkly  willing,'
dim   1 mm   thin   port   nwng. -I   nl'i/it '
Natural and Artificial Aids Investigated
" 'by Specialists    <'
You've often noticed how ravenously
healthy children'clamor for their meals
and how easily they digest meals that
would give a good many of us "grown-  -
ups" a horrible attack of indigestion.
Now you continue to fjet occasional at- .
tacks of indigestion without trying to
locate tho real cause of the trouble.
In the case of healthy, romping children, through the fresh air and tho ceaseless activity, rain or shiiio, tho salivary
processes arc constantly excited to a high
activity. They haven't any greater
digestivo capacity than wo nave, but
nature properly prepares the" food for '•
easy digestion. That's tho way Nnturo
intends it to be done, nmi if wo lived
right wo would cravo and enjoy our food .
just as much as any child.
For  yours  yeu  perhaps  havo  been .
treating indigestion tho wrong way.
Stomach Bpuciuli>.ts havo found out
that tho trouble is not always in tho ,
stomach itself, but in tho improper salivation and preparation of tho food for
.digestion. They now treat indigestion
by producing proper conditions before
food roaches iho period of digestion, just
tho way Nyal's Digestivo Tonio acts.
It works on tlio preparatory salivatory
process, excites its activity, so that food
digests  naturally—not  artificially.
This not only gives you comfort instead
of pain, but gives you what 5b far bettor,
a natural appetito for food that you
digest and assimilate. That's what
rebuilds tho tissues and puts real flesh
on your bones.
If you try this remedy wo know you
will ho pleased, Nyal llcmcdics wo sincerely bcliovo to bo the bust medicint
values, offered. 17
The lending Industries, or inoM of ynrin for Rfptoinlc r
then,   are about  fully employed.  „|. | '|(i lh(i ^^ ^ (	
though   labor   troubles   undouhl- dl> i ImiIinriw.Mlr(,rH nro ,,„,,    W{|]|<
ennse Home I'erllng of uncertainly,  ilw ' ,m,i  iln,i, ,,,„ .   ,   ,   ,
Boh Stewart's f.millv arrived her,  ^moment arrived at In tho nltlppl»-' ■"»•>»»"■» kt.th
Tvo ■Am "!•'(.•' • ■ -iint ir, tiic i,r
flee ntuff, whJfli means two more volr-s
nc the next public nientlng.
Now thnt   the strikers  have  beon
(11,(IV   ll.l.-i   nt'l ll   t>il(lHitMUr>   it (Ml   Mit It'
..•>:. :■ :3i i\i:h:i i'f S'u.lt: '..'. .: ?■
Ir i!ic linincdlrito fiitiin-; hut ll< »\-
iravripent rlalmu of the men. wlilolt the
shlpownern worn powerlenH to refuse,
In  Klf,-
ire nlr-o dolrit' wr«ll   tin,I ollim- lonrlli'"
Cigar Store
ordorod out of town the Company hnn  hns r"fuHed In an all-round advance
t1,f.„rrl,»     H     .,,1,,|„, 1  1.,     In     .11..   ... .,,'.,,,•       1     .   , . , »
nnd the Inrnimo will natiiraly fall up
1 ilutiiHtrlcH, wllh the evceinloim of ll ,• -
, iiiiiKitii wouvliig tniile and Inco curi.'Mj 1
:mdu, which nr« ixpiTltitflng nniini-1
, .ifi.-.t U,ii] tiuich, an- in .1 Mifofnuui)',
• oiidllloti,—Ihm'ii Id-vifw.
on  the  general    trader.     Reotliind,
the Kcrvlccs of sow* of thelir IiIbIi
salailed hunters, and thoy havo left
Wm. Harmlsnn. who has boon fn
Michel for tlio past fow days, on Im-! m» Ii havoc In the Routhern part of the
IMirtnnt business, hns left horo for tho ' Kingdom.    Tho country's relento from
Flathead. Iti-oiil'h.1 was due In no small measure to
!tlg Carl Theodnrvltch, this Interna- tie timely Intervention nf the Oo%<m-
hnpplly, «ufforod llttlo Inconvenience j ^«*nn» ma.iA
from tho railway strike which played ! ,'u" ^ l'
-   "CJ.tMS
AN "AT HOM'£.,,
t. W. Cray, formerly of Conl rprt,
wllj \yt> "at home" at 0.<» foot ot Mount
t\m\ Organlyor ,wr« hero ls«t w«k to ' it.rnt, but whllo n royal commlsMon 1s
for shipmont (nlt) but to supply the-address tho foreign hrolliors.    '        ',still Imiulrlntr Into tho rondltlon of '.*•'«role. 0<t. Wth.   In Urn m<anilmi*
hc"*f«' j    It is quit* true ihAt Gu« 8»»l»li, tbo  J*l-or In Ui* rMn»y voM, » f«J)r.g a"> frVnds calling fin t>e anorntf.o'Sat-
We aro plea««d to hoar thst Jack t Hesld*rit    Hnperlr.tr-mjem, burtt Into of un"a«lne«» prevails, and unlfjis th*<  "' wl(1> hammer, nallN. saw, or som>»
* > jTwIgg (s dolnic woll In Alberta, and! tho union shack whllo a me*tlnc tu   <ommU*Ion come*  forward  with  a !0,,*'r H«erary weapon.
Otrrlster, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc. j Ia seriously thinking of Rotting msrrl-' In s«slon to elect a del«gat« to attend thoroughly practical! scheme whlf h tn-1    «!• S.-Urlnit your own tea and sug-
tw1,     W*'N *ll «•"*»* to tho wMdlns;, ttoo *o*<-\t»\ conveniton at !#thhr|(lgrj.  nWn the grt<«vanr»»s of the m«*n to tw» -ar. your own t.rrml and hiiiter, h«t
BLAIRMORE, ALTA.    'Jack. |    »» directed somo tn«n to poll pnri dealt with Impartially an.! without nn
Wliolosulo  and  HutAll
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Bowlintr Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coflee and Sandwich
HnzHwnotl Ruttfrmille
Victoria Avcnuo
FERKIE. B.C.       Phone 34
fir«.wood  will rn* provided  frw».)
...   •$$■
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-'- •■*,<
■ 7«
*   1
•f 'V
711 '*&■£   3h.\'<
i -" -, "^C* * •*•""■"■*, *H *%*.V^i^, ^V
.   -' *   vJy>i
£&0E g£C
»'/..fj,-.vti- ^
■. i"_«- tftv.v^ii'x* >y **/-
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<?    -v* *Y ' ■■      ,'^=" .'sy  ■'''--',•     '  -   —- -'        ;   j
By John C. Kennedy. ■
These arc stirring days iri' Europe.
Scarcely a week passes without nevrs-
of some great strike, some popular
demonstration or some Socialist vie-.;
tory. The workers, .down - trodden
and exploited for generations, at last
are realizing their''powers,' and- are
boldly attacking the, citadels of tyranny and oppression. To be. sure
strikes, demonstrations1' arid•'Socialist
victories are no new thing in Europe.
But never .before .have the.masses
been so generally discontehted.f never
before have they been, so, thoroughly
organized and never, before hay.e .they
been 'so Intelligent and ready to march
forward to victory.
, 7 Organizations
"•Probably'the best organized section
or this great international army of labor is to be found in Germany. The
Gorman workers have been building
up their political, economic and educational organizations patiently and
persistently in the face of tremendous
opposition,.' until today they have a'
well-balanced labor movement which
Is" a model ffor all the world.
■v     '..      , ,   Po'tt'caf -   :"
' .-.On the political field the German
workers ace represented by: the ' So-
ultimate aim—the complete1 abolition
ef the capitalist system of production
and the substitution therefor of a Socialist co-operative system. Others em;
phasize the immediate' demands, such
as better worklngmen's-'. insurance;
better falctory legislation^and better
rous'ng for the working chass,. .'With,
in the trade unions^ likewise,' some
members emphasize one type of an
organization and, one sort- of-tactics,
while others advocate another type of
organization with another sort of tactics.-" -But, while in". Germany! aa'in
America,' there are .differences - of
opinion regarding tactics and methods
of organization' it "is everywhere ' recognized ihat the political problems
should be settled by the political organization and the economic problems
by the economic organization. In this
way the Germans-have avoided much'
of the misunderstanding and ■ friction1
which.has arisen between the trade
unions and ..the Socialist "party in
America,;where somo" of the members-
of.each organization feel.that it is
their special mission to criticize the
methods and.tactics of the other, and"
to tell It how to run its af fairs., Moreover, within the dfiefrent organizations of Germanyfwhere certainly the
-ion i       t       u, u \.     coo »m „        members do not hesitate to express
clallst party, which has 836,000 dues-. ..   ,       , . .     •,,--.     ,    ....    ,
Uo„i„„ 7^„J_v.      i..i..jr.'i-' ',«„'««»' .tlielr.'oplnlons as to, policies .and tactics, they very rarely,'indulge in at-
paying members, including" 107,000
•women, and, which polled in the last
„; general election over 3,250,000 votes.
On the economic' field they are represented by the trades union's,, which
,;., altogether,-'have • nearly 3,000,000
, members. - About 2,275,000, * of, these
workers are in the 'Free" trade
unions, which work'hand in hand
with   'the '-. Socialist    party,.    These
, unions have magnificent labor'temples
in most of-the,large cities, which are
the headquarters for.labor and So-
callist activities. In some cases these
centres, which belong entirely,- to the
trade unions and.,the Socialist party
. have cost over $500,000.        ; - - j I j
\ Co-operatives
-In  addition =to  the Socialist-party,
' and the trade unions,    the   German
workers have built up a powerful cooperative movement   which , already
have 1,151,000 members; and, owns and
operates   3,545   stores.     ThVse'*'cooperatives 'employ 19,000 "^or-kers un?
, der the best'trade union condition's,
and   do   a   total annual, business lab
$108,000,000.     Sixteen minion'dollars'
■ In their, own bakeries, mills and factories..
'    7   . '   '.   Preas   *   ":'V' ■>?/;';
• All of these organizations are fostered by the Socialist and labor pr^ss,
which consists   of  eighty-one   dally
newspapers,   scores   of  tra'de' \inl6n
Journals, and dozens of weekly and
monthly magazines devoted 'to,-'vari'
ous phases'of tho Socialist;ia,nd, labor.,
movement. •■   Somo» of thede, printing1
plants of the Socialist and laborf press^
aro among tho finost ln Europe.   For
Instance, the plants of the Hamburg
Echo,   the'Berlin   Vorwarts and the
Metal Workers'  Journal of Stuttgart,
havo tho most modern . printing' Wia-
ornery in Germany, and' employ hundreds of union printers under the'best'
.conditions.. \ ■    , (
'' Solidarity '7^7 ,
'.Porhaps tho most strikingphase of
tfio Gorman labor movement 'is tho
way in which tho difforont.-.olcments
work together. Tho Socialist, party
helps tho trado untonB and tho'unl6ris
help tho .Socialist party, and both
pirty and jinlons help'tho growth of
cb-opcratlvfj societies. Yot no organization attempts to dlcttyo tho
policies of tho othor. Tlio'SocIallsi
party la expected to work out tho tactics that will host moot tho' needs of7
tl;o workorii on tho political flold,
w-hllo tho trado" unions nro expected
toworlr out tho form of orgifnlzntio'n'
that will host protect tho workors on,
tho cconomje field, Within' tlm party
uomo of the members omphftslzo tho
tacks on personalities.''' They discus's
the. issue at stake, and consider them
on their merits.
'' ' ' Education"
Another striking feature of .the German labor movement ls-the emphasis
put-upon-education. , : There isno labor movement in the world that 'is
more thoroughly ^working-class;' tn
spirit and membership than the' German labor movement.- • • But there is
no labor movement in the .world, or
any other kind of a movement which
hast a higher ' respect \ for science;
learning and culture. While the German worker's cherish ""no ,'Miisions
about.being delivered from <
by one great iea'a>lr,-orV^^'{
.   ZAM.IU.'K UAH 1II:AI,I:I) IT!      i
Mru. Wilson, 110 WleltBon Avo.,
Toronto, snyfi: " About four yonrs ««o
a sore H|njt appeared on tho rlKht
sldo of my fare, This apot Increased
In Dlzo until It hoenmo ubout lnilf mi
hieh In diameter and vory painful,
I wont to a doctor, but tho ointment
no ti'ivu mu did not havo any cuod
offct. Tlio sore contlinioil to dln-
cjirtrTO freely, ii/nl wan nio:t Imlnful,
I,.hail It <'iMiti.'.-l::i'(I, trlml poultlcoa
and all kiinbs of u.Uf.i, but it wis
no irnnd, nmi I eontlmod to Miffor
from It for four yrars!
"A v.iini»Io of Ziiiu-liuk was ono (lay
Riven to mo, nnd I UHcd.Jt,>AlUimiub7
tho auniil'ty was ro snmll, II. aeemed
to do mo come good, no 1 purchased
"Ki.ch box did r.'o mriro' and moff< I
leaders; yet thej^rloognize tlft
tance of "leadership and give
weight to' the opinions of able men.
Ahd .It makers ,ino.-dlfferepce.. -whether
these- men are men ^from their .own
ranks,' like' Bebel, "Legien.'and Molken-
buhr, or whether1 they are( men-(vAo
have c;om'e' to- Hh e labbr * ■ 'moy^enieht:
gelsi Las'salle and; Llebknecht, JKaut-'
sky and Bernstein, Singer and Von
Vollmiir, -.^udekum.^, Lindeman, , .and
"DaVldy" d)6nseqiiently; there ' is1 *no
foolish attempt, to divide the organization ' Into "proletarians" and "'Intel-'
le^tuals."., ,On the,.contrary,, a••,continuous campaign of education is carried ;on through, the press,; the lecture,
bureau and special educational organizations to make; "Intellectuals" of the
whole working class. -, ,
'■>■).   " .,-'   '•_■'••' ;'    «■'■
' Power /
[t Indeed ".the; great and- lasting; Im-:
presslon ,that one gets of tho German working class Is that It Is, de-
mpnstratlng by Its- acliiovementa its
right and (power to supplant tho pre-
sent filing classes, It is building up
the most perfect political and economic
organization! of'the masses ; that tho'
worldt has .ever seen^ It. ,is-steadily
raising' the 'standard' oflivirig' and tlio
standard, > of education', and < culture
among tho mass of tho people;' it is
producing, a .splendid' self-reliant Vslti-
dry bread^and- sweeping two rooms
before "the. time: for school. ., ':
» And sometimes she dreamed.,,. She
dreamed she was an old woman, wrinkled, and. bent like Grandma, who did5
the .; washin every ''Monday; ici-. she
dreamed that4she had a big automobile,
and went rushing through the streets £
she dramed that she had a".'doll wlthr
legs that moved, like the one'shesaw',
once.in a storey she dreamed that she
was married to a man who' kissed her
every day, and. never swore at her nor"
kicked the children. ■ h \ " f
'Sometimes,; when -she dreamed; it
seemed so real that the tears, would
start from her oyes'and sherwould cry-
out for joy. Then .the baby" would"
wake and cry out, too. „      <
• Every morning since she| could reV
member she had ""heard a'- horrible'
shriek. At first it had frightened her|";
but whon they told'her that it was'
the millN slrene she was . rfo longer
afraid."' , •
• ..One day her father stayed at honfo;
from work, end after the breakfast was";
eaten and the dishes put away he told'i
her .to give1 the eleventh, visitor to the'
ninth, and then they went out together;
Where were they going? To the milL
Si"?; was going to work there and she'
trembled "at the thought.'- ;• , • ';•
; It was not hard work, but "every day."
and every day the Bame, and the mill
took the'place of the genii, In the fairy;
tale that the teacher had read to her
at school.,-/ - ... '•'   " "- '.-■       ". y
Each'morning the monster, raised his*
head and whistled shrilly on his thumb'
and fore-finger and then'she must arise
and swallow her coffee and bread and^
hurry away' ; \
The mill gate was the genli,'s mouth."
Through it the mortals rushed and"'
then the-w.hlstle sounded again,'and'
the teeth began to grind, grind, grind,
till there^.was nothing, anywhere but
grinding. '.V'     '•
° And she' would stop her ears and cry*;
aloud,-, but-ho one heard her, for the
,,  teeth still made a great' noise.
J.; j ,( "One day she was hurrying, she was'
'.^riiiaqd hot—her foot slipped arid the
teeth seized her arm. She* shrieked-
and struggled, but it was useless. Sudj
denly the.'teeth stopped grinding anil
"she" lay 6n7 the floor with a crowd 6$
gaping,fac,es all around. ;A month'
passed, six months, a year.) - '->s
-.Every.morning the genii! whistled;
but she" lay still in bed7jVey_er_againL.
Olvriever again! and she laughed softly to herself. „ " :-".'-
, ■ How cheaply she had bought her.
freedcm.v-Shehad given only one arm"!
She.still had the other.      ',          .' ":
■' . 'nnn '        \    '■ ' i.
that the professor ■ was descended from
an ape. A burst! of laughter and" applause from his friends followed. Then
Huxley- rose" to reply. "After "setting
forth, with all his eTnergy, and," of course
with' ample "knowledge", the serious part
of his argument; he,observed thai the
bishop hadqulzzed him oahis'suppos-
ed descent from an ape.7For hlsjbwn
part, if h'ejw^ obliged .to choose,be*:,
tweeri having forshis ancestors an ape,,
or having for;"an ancestor a manwho,-
enjbying a ".high -position arid a".great
reputation; possessing brilliant rhetbrl-
cargifts and* a.fund of sarcastic-wit,
were' to use-that, position and. those
powers for the'purpose of obstructing
the'lnyestigatiorf-of truth';and pouring
ridicule upon.those who .were patiently-
trying to disc6yer.it, "then, indeed,"
he ' proceeded,* ,','if T'.'were obliged to
make- the choice, I ''would—-•• At
this' he paused, and "added, .."but "perhaps I had. better go. no further.'.*, .
-The-turmoil broke out - afreBh'. in
1871,' when -.Darwin's book,; entitled
"The Descent of Man," was published.
But by this,.time people* had. recovered
from, their first-alarms;, and Darwin's
wisdom iri 'taking no part in the controversy had helped to carry it into the
region of general argument and quite
uway from.him personally.' .Only onco
I think, dfd he anawier^ an. opponent in
t:int,' Though he was eagerly inter:
ested in the dpctrjne of selection, and
anxious it-should prevail/because ho,
was convinced that Uwas1sound, and
though "he^wjas 'ar'&jntty grateful to
those'-who espoused and defended it,
there was no pugnacity in'ids temper,
little, personal sensitiveness'and still
less vanity;;-7^Bt'7Wkcaredi,for was
truth. Ample .recognition was' at last
accorded to hijn^y,a host";bf scientific
societies and learned: ho'dies; all over
the world. .ljSTO'^oJ.Unlvoralty of
Oxford, the traditional" stronghold of
orthodoxy and conservatism,, ,v'offor«d
him,, along ,wlth JHelmholz, the. honor-,
ary degree of ,D.C.L.j which, the.weak
state of his health prevented, him from
coming to receive, y During Tthe last,
twenty years of his life hef,was the
acknowledge leader of. British science,
honored and-venerated as perhaps no
English man of .science since Newton
had over been.*, • That,honor and that
'.enemtion are now.accordeJ to his
illustrious memory. and;,tjiey are accorded by, none who werei privileged to
seevand-know,him as he-lived.
ibrt:of7 Officers
** ihv9S5S9flBsli ^
-^■.'' _«.,y ^ y
4f Dl5f.RICT;\ :
A    No- 10 :■  /^
'. --'■I'-
For President
•>■■■ Vote for One>    "
powell,. w^b;
SMITH, J.   E.
/ J-
. ' y
For Vice President
■'. ■,   .ii.. ■ ,
..j . ■.,ii'.-,.-.
fc,M,'. OsiJ
"A    »..',i.'
/>,,,. :',,^      RETOLD BY BRYCe:
British. .Ambassador Records the Sen-
8atlon Produced by "Orjgln of   ?■
" 7 '*' •-'    Species."       • />;
zenshlp with strong character and
high Ideals. 'No ono "who litis Jieen'on
tho ground can havo tho slightest
doubt that tho workors of Germany
nro; going lb win In tholr'groat stVug-
(tlO'to ostahllHli nn,Industrial and sq-
eliir dembcrncy.' ' Thoy aro'going tb
win, bocnuso thoy aro practlcnl Ideal-
Ists working tti harmony, ,wllh, the
laws of social ovolutIon j'bocafiflo 'thoy
,e,omblno , (loggecl dolermlnatlon nnd
eourago with splendid 'self-control',
and because Ihoy unlto high-grade lii-
tolliKMico with tlioroiigli pQlltlcnl nnd
economic orgnnlzatlon.—N.Y, Call.
Max Worth In Twentieth Century
Oneo upon a tlmo there came Into
the world, not boeiuif.e anybody wanted
II, nor herniiRo It hnd any particular
nnilillinn lo come, hut Just' to make
trouble nnd worry, n llttlo wedgo of
rod, wrinkled hiitnntrtfy. wllh a shriek
of brlck-colorod hair. Tho nimpleoH
wf ro propitious, and If wan a girl,
Daya passed and the red wedgo nto
nmi wow. Moreover, it Indulged In
nolneB.-vnrlort in ehnrnclen hut always
keyed high and given nt iho full on-
pnrltv of (holiinsrs.
No uno pnldnny aftonllon, however,
Kooi, and. l« »>* un^at, .teiurw I iiiiu ,for thin was tho eighth vlnltorthat had
maw ti.tt it was iroing to hwl'ttu |-„ ,-*»*„        • , ,• -    -.        . "     ''
gore,    in less than a month It was ,15'5r'' ikM'' fl,ll! » »'»» lrvau-,1 nerortl.
" ( Icnow a lady In tlio eait of Iho
»|l>'i     fii'nt*    fiii,',,,;iuij     r >4».i- ■•;>l      .\il
j<arH «,.iih an ci».-n koto on hla leg.
On my rCtoiniiKii.lr.tlcn, Zani-Biik
*ui triivl in that vino. Tho ojhor
day, when I raw her, ubo told mo that
It h;ul h<•">'''"' Tbo Tf,'t> fompleteljv
"My «!\u;::tir, v.hu lives In 1/Oth-
brhl'-'e .\!:a., has al-"*) ufciI Zarn-Iluk
wi',11 i'n» h'lin- s- -a .ii.-.ory ri-n ill, I
think i'. li«. tn-ym! ?ll doubt,' tho
fjnf* T ••! !••• *< itM I" f- ■•>,"
S,h,!i 1" ' <ij"-il- i >>t nil pt-noB»
%%o h:,vc .■   S'f tr'. d /-.Pt-Itak.     It
If   H    *•" •    •   !">     tt. T     >■    .'—VI,     u\tOt,
hbvt tt,- •, uJ'erf. f.-*'n f'.rfi, rlnp-
worr:i. f-..*. Uithf. j.ald'i, bruises,
kfi'l *!l aVIa 1»|nri»vi *n<t «IU*s*e*.
50r. hot. a»t <Jrr.ff.lfiK ftr,«l uteres, or
|i<f*i Iutt !:t<:.> .'^i ..-'■'.s.'t Co., Tof'.utu,
for priff. f i < »*« of sXm d I team ut«
aluo Zam-Ituk Soap, 2Sc. tablet.
In the <'oiirfi'<* of time, tlif hihv
eJinjurod into n Jlttlo filrl who omiM
dry dishes ami run to the grocery sloro
IipsMcb mlridlpg the tenth visitor, lint
lately arrived via tlio * Storlc 'Aerial
N'livlKntlor) comjiany.
' While hIio did tlif^o ttilmrn with hor
lnnd". In ihe Kti-1'.'h uilr.d v.\\iU{ S!,(.
red mop slm Wondered nnd drenrned.
HI.i' wutidi'ivil wh> thmtt vnirt h(t
much noiso and dust and dirt ovory-
when*; fhf wondered why fn and Ma
both went mil <*nrly In the morning and
worked till Into at nlRht; sho won-
ilwd vhr lm JiaJr ttmt ;»v!; xbi' won-
The world has changed miich In the
fifty years that havo elapsed since tho.
publication'"'of "Tho Origin of Spe-'
cios," and 'few now recall, asUioso whoi
read Itin.those days can do, the lm,:;
menso sensation which it produced, It$
effect In the field of humanistic learning, ;in history, nnd Jn the ihistorical;
scioncos generally, has, I Vonture to
think, been exaggerated. The Idoa of/
what are'commonly called evolutionary
ljrocossos,\v4s In thoso sciences no now;
Idea: and though thoy, lljto every'.
>rpii"'v of .'(ftudy. v/oro being affejfod,
by the progress of tho sciences of na-''
turo, tJioyvhad already for ailong tlmol
boforoi]81)0 boon pursued in}a critical
Bpirlt and .by critical and exact mei!'
Ihods of Invostlgatlon.        ;
13ut In all tho brachos of natural'
history and'biology tho effoot wns lw>.
mondous,, ' Everybody whojrond any^
thing norloiiB ivad tho Origin; ovory.-
body talked nbout natural selection, t'
was nt the .tlmo an undorgradunte n&
Oxford, and well romomhor. how at
bi'oakfap.'t pa,rtIos and wine parlies nmi'
on country walkn wo dlseiiBBod tho thor
ory with iho groatowt ardor, nnd in
deed wllh n poRlllvonoan ttiat.wnfl oflen
In Invoi'Ho rnllo to our Icnowlodgo,
It aviih lho snmo all ovor Rnglnndi-
Thero wnH n good deal ot nlnrm rreaty
od by tho hook. OBpoelnlly In rollRloniT
eirrloH.   Tho minds of thinking peoplo'
hnd, of ernirBO, been long occupied bjf..
what UBod to bo rnllod "lho conflict
between geology and rellRlon," so thn|£
tho boarlngB of tho now doctrlno on th«Ja
aecnimt nf Ihn eroatlnn given In th«I?*
Hook of OeneHls did not find them uni'
j)re.])arod,   NovcrtholoHs, tlio, shock on
tho occIonliiBtlcnl world nt Inrgo was
iiovero, and miirh of tho ilnnntn tlmr
followed  at BPlonllflc gntliorlngn nri
woll an In tho press, wan hot, too hot,
fr.r j»mirtr>p<' nv frtf fil^nf,»n, '
Tlio'niost ntrlltlnir'nni'l ilrnmnlle ror>-'
hnt between an eecioRtnfltlo nnd n
jinturallrt oceur;ed nt tho Oxford moot
Inrc of tho llriilHh ABHoelntlon for the
Advnneeinent of flelenco In 18(10, !>.
Hnmuel V,'|lt;erfnrr/> then hlotmn nf fiv
ford, having been woll primed witu
facta and nrgumentB agnlnsf, tho iW-
trlno of nnturnl lieledtlon nnd Darwin's
theory soneral!/, enmo down to lho.
hnffle, Ifo wnB n mnn of remnrlinble
orntorlenl'powers," with n swift and
fl«allit»; tnliid, witty u« well ns ncute
nnd porsunfllve. Ho nttnekod Darwin's
\itiwB wllh oven more thnn his usunl
rhetorical skill, ridiculing them and'
tlKlr author, ami especially TMIeulIng
Professor riuxley. whoso ardent championship of tho Dnrwlnlnn vtowa was
then rf*l«g Wm Info famo. T'tirninn to
, Michel''■[•:-''':
; =.,^-1
:;; iy:.Hi::<-v
national Board:.JVtemfiSrJ
.'■ ... -• .> -.'", *',,-.-'
Vote for.One-
'In a lecture*at ChlrkMilr. E.'7"VJ«1--
llams, General Secretary of the General Federation-'of Firemen's' "Associations, said that upon several occasions
some of their members had.asked h}in
his opinion regarding a" certain clause^
in the new Mines Amendment,', pill/
He was able;,to t^ll. them,;something,
they would bT pleased ^p^hear, . \He
would read it'outto them as, he .received it later on. ";.,Mr" Williams, continu-'
ingi said during recent' years'severa^
qiieations In connection „with;,mining
had been of a very ^ontroyerslai char-!
acter, and'.one of'the "most prominent
was the necessary-quaiification of fire-,
men, .which, as .they well, knew,' the
new bill had decided upon'., Weli, fee'
was inclined to, think that, with a very,
few exceptions perhaps/the firemen"
had no objection, as everyone acquainted' with,,,mllng knew very^ell :tha£
recent 'developments, demanded .an increased .standard', of knowledge>!to
direct practical milng matters! " How,
ever, ho .could not but, resent'many
statements made by Irresponsible! persons 'regarding the qualifications',' of
the present day* firemen, as.at no In'-:
quiry into the case and circumstances
surrounding recent disasters'had such
statements been justified," and he has,.
Inclined' to -tlilnk .'that however'much',
attention! legislators paid to!firemen^,
the, real rewards would not "come about,
until! everyone who entered "the mlpe
participated 'jn {hat educdtipn.'Jand! pt*.
least' possessed the"', eieinentarjr. knowledge ot dangers with which his'work
was- atteneded; " Upon the' firemen
developed !great/resp'onsibiilty.'bo'th in'
the interest of the owner .and in compliance with the'!Coal' Mines Act.' He"
shouldbe a man chosen from the most
steady and. trustwbrty, of the workmen,
and should, before "'being initiated^ into
his work, he "made^ "thoroughly awaro
of his 'duties.and responsibilities. ;It
was. a. wise rule that fire men .should
not be irijthe same union, as the workmen under them, but form unjons of!
their,own, for- the'reason that, undue
influence,was liable to.be brought to'
bear.upon.them by the-men. through'
i their unions In the discharge-of, their
duties. :'Such duties.may involve reporting men for,breaches, of, the rule,
and the carrying out of the Cqai"..Mine8
Act;Jn sits ; strictest sense,'." which; it"
was^,.their,duty, to .enforce. .■ Mr. 7vyii:
iiams then stated that the .following,
clauses, of ,the. Coal -.Mines-.BUI.-.as
agreed.to.in Grapd<Committee: ,'.»Np-;
thlng/ijv this - Bill ■ shall:., (a),.- Prevent
any-pe'raon who is Jess than 25:.years
ot age. from, acting as omanager' of. a,
mine Jf.he. was-lawfully acting*at.s-v,.!
date of the passing, of-, this. Act:, or fb)
JOHN  BARBER, D.D.3., LD3, ",;
, ,   „.-;v ,.. denti&t :■•
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
/ .,N,.-.vHours: 8.30. ti.,1; 2 to.5,._ ,.."-
— Residence: 21', Victoria Avenue. .
W.R. RobsK. C.
W. S. Lane
M. A. Macdonaid
Fernie, B. C.
Barrlstersat-Law, Solicitor,
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
,.-.,- ^ '.. s.
■•' Fernie, B. C.w -
Prevent any person asfireman^exam-
iner,.tor deputy, notwithstanding that
'het has not ,obtalnedr,a:.:certificate !o£
his ability to,measure the.quantity((of.
air;..ln,van air,'current, ^lt.iho^w.asi.'B.o
employed, as fireman, examln'erro,rf!de-/
puty.at.the date.'of the passing", of..thq'
Act,—Science .and'Art of ■Mining...
■;-.    ■- -  ;    ,-, v v.-.--,\.' T,-.._ 1,.,...,'-J
■   ■'-.;^^is"{'-M,,]'Vi-K,'-r,V"i^ v,
•',"'. ■« *,',■"'''*" McDougall,1' Mgr'''!" 7','"'
'.i rt
Mariufactureps of and Deal-:
;' eps Jn air kinds of Rdug-h 7: ;;
andrDressedlumbep'r; .
*■   -     7,..,     "' _>--v.h   _fl- -*«
Sendus your orders
For District Board Member
11    '           1
.,    SUB-DISTRIOT.No, 1-       ,   ,
ft,"        .
GRAy, J.  w.
r..v;   ;.
Fornio ■ .
SUB-DISTRIOT No. 2   !,     .."
. ..    ,..                        Voto for Ono
HVSLOP,   D,   E,
' SJ..V
■>.p:viM!?f, *:,.?,• A-'<
tttl    ''l!.'. .;?'-''
ft (nttl
- ilvV
V li£*.f.
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ?»
Voto for Ono
rf«Tv.f why thr> Tmhy crlcl; atic v.ou- Huxley ul thts tud of Uiu »i>«ich, lho
dtsH-d why sho fdt so tlrod after ent.fMshon nsV«*d whffhor It was on hU
lm? lu-r hrfftkf.ist of l.larV roffd!* nnd grnndfalhpr's or his ffrnndmorhor's sldo
LEES,   Wm.
■Jxnrd Local Gonoral teamsters No,
141.   Moots ovory Friday night at
8 p, ,m. Mlnorn'  Union. Hnll.   W.
,A Worthlngton,  PraaMou;   R. J.
Gootl, Secretary,
Stanley St.  -  Nelson
* ,i , i ■
Best Family and Working man'*
Hotel tn City; nicely furnlnhad
rooms with Bath, Beds, 50c,
each. meal*. 36c. '
A Union House
Prop., J; 8. BAR RATT
Bartenders' Locnl No. 814: Moots 2nd
nna 4th SumlnyB nt, 2.30 p.m. Seciv
. Inrv .1. A, nniiplll. Wnhlnrf tTn(,M
Gladstone Loeal No, 2314 U. M. W. A.
••MootB 8ifl ana .Ith Thursday Minors
Union hull,    i), Uoes, Uo\
last Saturday In enoh(month nt tho
Udgor Office. A. J, lluokloy, Sec-
Dr. dc Van's Female Pills
A relubli French f«oUlf>r;n«»fr falls. Thtt*
pilll «rf ««**.3iojlt m»«ilul m ttfalMtii \h*
irraerttlve portlnn or l>>* ttmittr «»ifi«m, Wi»r>i«ff
ml th«»p imiutwnf.  I>r. <U Van's tr* snlit »t
Ii* ^ShPftV?''" l!a Ml'',<"'"»»" r Mi mi,
Ttia BmUII Prov C«„ Hi, Catharines, Onf,
For lisle at Olessdtll't  Drug Stors.
Local Fernie No, 17 8. P. of C. Moots
In Minors! Union Hall r»vory Sunday
at 7.4G p.rti, ISverybody welcome. 1)
Paton, Becretary-Trpasurcr.
Amalgamated 8oelety Carpenters and
Joiners;—Moot In Miners Hnll ovory
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. I», O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Uveal 1220. 1). J, Krans
President;, P. if. siitw. Secretary.   '
/ I
J       Oiffi Foreign Brothers
)  ;-\l V,
s-o   •     '- LA.GUERrJE.%-!^'^ .«. .>:
x •       ■ -;" --,7.'.-^;;'f ~   "    -"
Sous pretexts de'.sauver son com-
'merce^au Maroc/reifi'p'ereur   Guillau-
. mo. affirme a l'dgard jjde la. Franco des
.;pretentions.quo blame toute fEuropo.
. CependanTriiU^^^
, dix pour cent .du commerce total du
' Marco* qui so"chiifre'par 150, millions.
Les privileges," que ^demande, l'Allo-,'
' xnagne font 1'effet de' demandes*". capri-
oieiises. d'enfants7gat6s   expefimant
'. des'd«5slrs impossibles; ses exigences
sont tenement, cqntradlctoires qu'on se'
demands'el ce sont sSrleueeinent des
; homines d'Btat qui les ont'fdrmuldes'.'
. La situation privlleglee, quo demande
l'AUemagne au Marqc'.est une exigence Inadmissible parce'qu'elle lese
son-seulement les interets 'de la Franco
mats les Jnterets des autres: puissances,
et les .droits, que leur accordant .les
droits que leur .accordent les traites.'
L'AUemagne a toujours' laissg croire',
, Qu'elteTdeiendalt au.Maroc les droits
de l'Eiurope*. et l'Europe appetee.'par
' rAlle'magne '&[ dbnne tdrt a," l'Allema-
:;?ne..    .      _;   ,    ] ■ ^    >    .
7 "j    Les prStendus'. droits  qu'elle  de-i
■ • mande ne "sont que des "privileges. Le1
.^erp6tuel^bourd9'nne'me"nt;'des' pr6ten>
-;.iions *aUemandeBifJnlt;.t»p'a'r *;^"n^rver':
, l'Europe toute entlere et 11 n'est past
difficile de 'salsir que c'est parce que!
; l'AUemagne'n'a,pas, de. pretentions
serieuses - a " reyehdiquer qu'elle est;
tprcee de faire tout ce batta'ge. II;
Soclallsme est la cause unique qul{
pousse Gulllaume et ses parlementaliS'
es aichercherrvqu^relie d'alleinand'a la;
jprance, afln d'arrlver a un confllt qui1
■ ait pour, consequence une guerre entre;
les deux1 Watlonsr et Vile'est' persuaded
- que' cette guerre serait le mellleur et
... le plus efflcace-de>lvatlf'ala'marche
' a "fond de train du Soclallsme en Allemagne!"  ■ -     y ■   •  .   -,
La ..Guerre,. uense;t-elle,. est. le - me\
- dicament souveraln ,et" supreme qui
-doit gue"rlr le peuple allemand   vde
l'ldeal "auqu'el \itf aspire,*\qui doit' lul
-;falre oubller ses~ miseres, son asser-
ylssement et' sauver' slnsl   le   vieux'
.' trone'du tombeau."' 'Mais,'Gulllaume
" dans'son affolement a oubli^ de penser-
■.ojie les prol6talres soclallstes de tous
,-.les pays ont vu son jeu, et'qu'ils sont
vT^solusya employer, toutos les forces,
'yitales de leur. parti,-qu-lls sont" ddcld-i
7,«5b a concentrer tous les-'efforts d'acT-
. tlons possibles pour empecher le, social
' lsme d'etre;nqy6;le-sing.-,    ,"y')   '  v
7 Et quoi-qu'il arrive et ^malgrd tout)
\les vieux regimes'' et 't'outes} les in-
" iqultes, soclalesquiien ddrivent sen*-
s tent le tombeaut .ga^ftgnoblable aii maj
'  lade mine'"depul^lorigtempsi par une"
flevre lente'le vleux monde;n'a,plus
. qu'un .sang pale,^t,46feSn6r6:fo:uiVcoule
flans ses arteres; - seuls les'nerfs lui"
jdorihent",encore  la'"force  de  iutter
' avec quelq^ue^-Sriorgle' contre l'esprlt
nouveau qul'anlme" iaBg^nfiratlonB noU
yelles, ot.tbuBsleB;crlmlnels projets da
tous les bandits  de  la terre n'em-
pecheront pas les gavornements op-
presseurs et leurs Brans d'aller'au
, ne"ant, pour laisseropwco au systemq
. d'dBallt6 qui seul peut upporter le blen
otre matdrlel et moral a 1'humanlW. .
!nffia.'; cl''sono'! degli;'Slayf, deglf^tlhl-
here'si,'' Sei, Rutenl, ■ degli ''Svedesi"/- del
Mon'teffegririr.^d^l "Piilacchf!!'"del .:iFln-
.llmdesi'e perilno dei.*(3ine«li"'.'.'" '',"
!!Recenteine8te;''ven![i$ jenutp' a.Cal-
gary,rAlberta; u'p.Con'grfe"s'so del Lavoro
e''rJei"Mestiefl'; nel q\iale "venfiej-fatta
la1 ra'ccomaii'dazione di porre qnas'6'--
l/ratas'sa" di'"dlecl soldi' s6pra''ciascuri
'm'embro'iailo' scopodr^oprlre le-spese
dl'lottaper^Krzuz Compensation' Case,"
per' affermare cfo'o''irjdirKto Xhe ha la
famigliWd'ogni layor'atbrei'Bia'.b ribn
sla resldente'neila Columbia f'BrItannU
ca, dl'ricevere $1500, di ln'dennlzzo In
caso dlmbrte siii lavoro' dl colul che
leyg'uadagna llo yvlttp.."' II cas
verra' pbrtato davanti alla^Corte Sup-'
fema'deU'impero Brlta'nnico che dara
il res'ponso probabllmente > nel marzo
1912.:   ^'ri " ,^v'•';,j '
Colore- che leggonb 1,1 "Lavoratore"
sono pregatl'di'inet'tere In guardia'^i
lbro'parenti, e"d amlcl rlmastl nel
.vecchi paesl contro le mene delle so-
cleta d'emigrazlohe e. dl trasporto che
cercano.'pel loro lnteressi, d'ingahnare
le famlglle delle vlttlme tacendo loro
ad arte 11 fattp che tutti c'oloro che' si
troyanb fuori della" Columbia Brltaii-
nlca, "siano essi in'America od in Eu-
rppa,' ubn hanno; per ora "ntente"' da
aspettarsl dalla leglslazidne. '.
^'Ringraziandbvi'deir ospitalita' nell'
iiiteres'se del' Mlnatorl del Dlstretto 18
ed asslcurandovl d'essere sempre dls-
posto a contraccambiarvl la .cprtesla,
sbhb slnceraiuente vostro.~J. W. Ben-
nett() r^edattore del "District'" Ledger."
'■h     ' .       'BELGES ';.'-'•"'. '!,!
: — :      r ~~~-    y  ,- -: t..','-.-
► '■'* Alii   ''*"steenkool"'""'mljtiers'-y's*
► " worde'n verzb'cht'weg'ter'birj-.'^'
►' Veii'van Albefta'-'in^Eastern'*' ♦
►""British-.'Columbia/ $aarV'de! 7'
►"  w'erkstaklhg'mb'g  nlet^i "'op  "•<•»■
► * ge'heveh.'. "- °' ■'" ;;'"""' ,".",'v   "<*>'
* . , BRITANNICA     „
1' II y a une question d'importance que
je de*slrerals porter a la'coninalssance
des affllees de l'U. M. W. A. de langue'
francalse. R^cemnient le congres dii
Travail et des Metiers du Canada,7un
corps" semblable et afflll^ala Federa:
tion Americaine du Travail s'est reuni
a Calgary. -, ■   ;,      •  *'""'
■ Parmi les divers sujets a l'ordredu
jour se-;trouvait celui-<du palement,
d'une' compensation aux' parents' 'de'
ceux qui sont tues, dans les mines'Ot
qui resident en/debors de la province
bu la fatalite a eu lieu. ■ *',_' :'' ■■
Puisque les juges de la Coldinble'
Anglalse ont decide que l'lnteritibn de
la lol etalt de-payer'cette compensa-'
tion ieulement a ceux don't les dependants demeur'alent dans la provlnW au
moment de la mort de leur gagne-pain
dnnts,n'ont encore touche" aucune.com-
pesatlbn et' par' consequent sont en-
suspens 'attendant la decision- du Con-
sell' Secret de la; Grande Bretagne.
Mal8icest'das':ne lut'seront presentes
qu|au mbfs 'de Mars; 1912. '■ ties mem--
bre's''de 1"U".':M. W.'A. etceux de'la
Fgddra'tlon do' Mineurs- .'de : TOuest
(Wi -F.. of-M-.) fburnissent l'argent.iiiS-
c^ssalr^ pour, payer Job avocats.qui, ont
charge "do 1'affalre." , On a en outre
Tassuranoe d'un. peu d'aide^ financier,
de la part:de'chaque!"membre.du"Dbm-
I'nloln, Trades and Labor Congress,- une
resolution flxant une.-taxe de.lO^BOUB
par "membro, ay ant etd adoptdo, ' Cecj
fournlralt uno assez forte somme. ,'
-.',, -  .- ••'--,-1 ■..  -     >• -,--. 7 -s,..1"-'.
Some   Queer "Habits''of," Cats,  Mloei'
-„.     \  Fifes'."' Snakes,', Goldfish ,
, '"'. -    ^*. 7V-."and Jshe'ep  -,'   "''"■ -". "
A- fly on 'a1 window-pane' wilPcrawl
to! the t0P>" tly'back tb "ther bottom and
crawl up again.' This order is seldom
reversed.0- Why,'no one" knows.- It is
orirecord that a* fly crawled'up a window pane' thirty-two" times, returning
each time a^ving. •-••"=-.''
- Hens 'scratch for food with'the sun'
behind: them,- the reason; being that
the rays reflect on the minute particles. A blind hen will pick grain and
not miss a kernel ' •'""'
' Cats seldom" He ,wlth' their feet to
the fire.' Usually , they "lie' oh their
left side.. Dogs He with their forepaws
to the fire.
, A" mouses will ignore a food supply
sufficient" for .'a, meal and ■ run great
risks *td; nibble "at a wholesale supply.
It .will," hide at'the''source of food supply ; "and ->: not'. depart - therefrom • until
actually, disturbed. It ls not true.that
a mouse' runs'-to its hole at the first
alarm^7jt^,^ v- ;'.-   s
Find^ii'i-'riiarmlesB' little snake the
length of a-lead pencil and provide a
box.for It in the-house,' visit it daily,
and at the end of three months it
,wiH'crawl'to,you for food."
'■ Goldfish .usually , swim around a
globe to the bright; They < can' be
taught to. take a fly out of the hand' in
six. weeks'. time. The*-' presence. of
other fish; In the "globe is generally
Ignored-by goldfish. -Drop a-piece-of
chip on;the,surface of the water and
it will frighten a fish.
Sheep .spend more ;'tiriie grazing
than.do cattle and horses. Sheep will
eat for. twelve hours out of the twenty*
four,,. ,.,.',,-
A Series of 'Recent   Experiments In
, ColcLStorage  .    '
Canadian exporters of poultry should
be interested in' a recent" series of ex-
perlments-in connection with the cold
storage of poultry, ,-whlch have shown
that -thef-m^.thodof. scaldin~( chickens
by plungingjvthem. ln water just,below
boiling''point to"facilitate the' removal
of tbe. feathers affects' the keeping
quality of the.prepared,birds. This
method in the.past has'been very .com-
monly.' practl sedjy^xporterslpf_,poulL
"try in-the Unlfed," States and. other
countries^ The experiments under review revealed the fact that, deterioration is greater in the case of scalded
fowls""than * In those that were dry-
plcked?"aridv theVbacterlological examination proved that the number of bacteria, was,'Increased.'when the birds
were7drawu- before "r being placed-in
cold store. Dry-picked ,birds in good
condition, promptly .stored and kept
for.threo.aBd six months, are stated to
have been hardly distinguishable from
freshly killed fowls. •'
;•-.:■..•••. i'-.tl'.   ■-?   '?' r y v.:j, y   j:A?X'
He Retirer-From this DlrectorsVi»''i»<
the Great-.Firm-that,Bears'!';■■:*-•
-His Name
.Few men have, crowded ..more- Into
seventy-one years^qf, life , than, l^Slr
Hiram,Maxim,r.!whb! is"retiring" Jrom
the, directorahijibf .the great, businesa
•which bears, his, 'name..,, More'Jthan
half a century has passed since he;put
together his first" gun, a" "pea-shooter,
in' his'father's' workshop"--at"Sanger-
vllle "village,"'in- Maine/arid; eschewed
Fenlmore • Cooper .-to revel-. in'"; Com-*
stock's, "Natural*,;Philosophy." ...His
scanty, schooling oyer, the. budding .inventor had'two-spells as apprentice to
coach-builders - before • he began's his
roaming in searchiof fortune. ••->■'-■
'- He .was. in, turnSmechanic,. foreman
in carriage works,1!,and ^°-.^ surgical-
instrument factory; and saved enough
in these toyly roles to buyanouse and
farm for his father.1. But he had to'
wait until-he'had passed Into the thirties before he patented his 'gas-gerier-
atlng apparatus, and later an, improvement in electric lamps, and got a firm
footing on the road to fame and for;
tune.>. At forty-four he was settled iri
England, with a gun-factory of his own
ln Hattoii-Garden, a snug estate, and a
fortune in shares."
Lecturer Says.She  Has an Appetite
for Intellectual Culture '    " ''
Monslgnor Henry Bolo.in a lecture
in London-on, "The" Young Girls'of Today," said! that between the girl of
1900 and her sister of 1910 a great gulf
lay. The •' modern"' j girl ■' was'"" distinguished by an intense appetite for Intellectual' ., culture* "■ f She wished to
study everythin&" and she indeed
learned a great deal. Monslgnor Bolo
was not~ quite convinced that the
change was altogether for the better,
He did not like young girl authors or
students, any more than he liked those
who nourished themselves on the garbage of cheap novels while making
skirts --which were trousers ln disguise .".or,, hats:,which might, serve for
sentry boxes.   -
His. sympathy was reserved for the
young girls who', wished .to breathe' a
higher atmosphere and who refused to
consider the domains of art,' science
and literature.as closed to them. The
young girl of to-day deserved to be encouraged , in', her', aspirations towards
Intellectual cult ire, and Monslgnor
Bolo roundly ce'isured Schopenhauer
for his-.definition', of, woman ,as, "an
animal with''• long hair and a short
mind,'\.and his'declaration that her
reading ought,to'be confined to prayer
and cookery books.
> Fernie, B. C.
,11 il. mo aprllo del corrente. anno
tutti -i mlnatorl postl sotta la glurls-,
dlzlono del Dlstretto 18, del Mlnatorl
Unit! d'Amorlca, decisero dl smettero
dl lavoraro , in soguito a] rlfuto oppos-
to dalle compagnlo carbonlforo alio
loro raglonevoll dnmando, - Ln lotta o
in plono vlgoro. Cl Bono state pochlo-
Btmo dofezlonl nolle nostra file b sol-
tan to in qualcunno del campl plu'plo*
coll. La condottadoglluomlnlo stata
talmento osomplnro da rondcre aflatto
inu.llo l'opora dogll ablrrl, avvocatl,
dottorl o boccnmortl, Costoro potro-
bbero oBsoro bonlsslino collocatl nella
classo del dleoccupatl, cobI cease sono,
lo opportunltn offorto nl loro sorvlzl,
Questa magnlflca prova dl solldarl-
ota oporala dlvonta plu lumlnosa bo bI
penel oho quostl solo pohintl apparton-,
Bono alio nazlonallta plu dlvoroo: pro-
vonaono dairinghlltorrn, dalla Scozln,
dal ValoB, dalla Franola sottontrlonnle;
dal grnndl baolnl carbonlforl del Ilolglo
dall' Italia, dalla Wostfalia, dalla Boo-
,• OTTAWA, Oct, 20.—Tho executive
council of the Trades ond Labor congress of Canada will Bhortly seek an
Interview with Premier Borden andthb
new minister of' labor,"' Hon. T. W.
Orothers. Tho deputation, which will
bo composed of President J. C, Wattors
Victoria, B.Ci, Frod Bancroft, and J. C.'
6'DorioRhuo, of Toronto, P. M. Draper,
secretary-treasurer of the congress and
representatives of labor from cities
from, coaBt' to coast, will,' it Is Bald
ask ,for nmondmonts to tho, immigration, Lomloux, and Allen Labor Acts,
all of which It Is stated vitally nffoet
affect wago earners throughout thb
Dominion. As tho labor men note that
somo of thb dally pnperB havo boon
prophesying that tho department of la-
will bo merged with that of commorco
thoy Btato that such a move, if undertaken will meet with tho unltod opposition of organized labor. Representatives of labor consider tho department
of labor tho only ono whloh looks after
tho Interests of tho largest elnss In
Canada, and that instead of Booking to
havo It merged witty another department that It Bhould bb oxtondod with a
vlow of lncroriBlng Kb usefulness to
tho wageoarnorfl of the Dominion.
Norfolk Has Charge of the Coronation
!*        « , Preparations '
i, One „ duke at any rate oannot be
acbused ot leading an idle life, Thia
is tho Duke of Norfolk, who, as Earl
Marshal of England, has practically
the' wholo of tbe arrrangements for
the Coronation ln his hands. He has
opened spdclal offices to doalwlth tho
many matters of detail with which ho
is confronted, and is at work thoro
early and'late. Tho Duko 1b a particularly fast worker, and has tho
routine of his'department at his fingers' ends, 'while his memory is llttlo
short of marvellous, and he can recall
without much effort what was done at
the last Coronation.
'    /      ■ ,        ,1". A
The Building, Used at Night for'Mak-
T",.       ing Spurious Money  . •">'
■   ~"   ■-".-•■x;'-^i5?82r_.-».-'v   •   *;*..;,-;'
A remarkable" story of the manufacture of - spurious .money comes. from
Austria. 'The educational authorities
had been advised that a village school-
house needed repairing, and'a commission" arrived'unexpectedly to examine
the building,_During the course of the
inspection iri one of the-class-rooms a
strange looking apparatus was found,
which- proved&tflE'beira ipress for the
manufacture of .bank-notes. Further
searches revealed a smail closet which
had' been.turned*-'Into"}a'iregular mint,
and there were bagfuls of ready-mnds
sllver-and copper coins. It app-ars
that the schoqlhouse, where principles
of morality were inculcated into the
village' youth by day, was employed
at night by many of.their parents-,lo
make their, fortunes on somewhat different lines. Several prominent residents have been arrested.
Canadians   Will   Exhibit   at the
Event in London
List of Locals District 18
/ 29
NAME '   8EC. and P. O. ADDRE88
Bankhoad ;  P, Whoatloy, Bankhoad, Alta,
Doavor Crook  P, Qaughton, Iloaver Creek, via Plnchor
Bellovuo, j. Burko, Bollovuo, Frank, Altn,
nialrmoro  B. J, Olmao, Blalrmoro, Altn.
nurmls  Job, Derbyolilro, Durmls, Alta,
Onvhowlntft       .  ,. j, jr. ITyilo 7, Cp.rbor.d:.lc( Cokr.'.r.n, Alia.
Cardiff..' ,T. Ponlo, O nrrtlff, Altn,
Cnnmoro  N, D, Than hult, Cnnmoro, Alta,     i
Coloman,,, ,., W. Graham, Colomnn, Alia,
Corbln .,., J. Twig*,  Corbln, D. O.
Chinook MIwob ..,, Wm.,Porgyth, Diamond City, Alta. f,
DlaTnoni! City  flhnrlM ftrhon runn*o"'1 HM\ T MH*rM;n,       '
Fornlo  Thos. Uphill, Fornlo, D. 0„'
Frank,  O; Nlcol, Frank, Alta,
.Ilosmor  W. Daldorstono, Hosmer, R. C.
Illllorcst  J. O. Jonos, Hlilcrest, Alta,
Lethbridge ..,,..,, L. Mooro;, P, O. Box 113,1,othbrldgo
Lethbridge ColllnrloB Frank narlnghnm, boc, via., KIpp, Alta.
Wile W. U EvaiiB, Wllo, Frank, Alta
Maplo Loat.  M. Ollday, Maple Leaf, TloJIarue, Alta.
Mlchol  M, Hurrell, Michel, li, C,
Monarch Mlno.... Horace Woodleld, Taber, Altn,
Pmbur«.., Wm. Cooke, PAsuburg, Alta.
lloyal Vlow Thos. n. FULer, Royal Collieries, Lethbridge, Altn
Taber  William nusiell, Tabor, Alta.
Tabor ...A. Patterson, Taber, Alta.
One of the Chief Causes of the Dally
Flro Lois
Tho common match Is a Canadian
mlBohlof makor, It was ono of the
chief causes of an, average dally (Ire
loss last yoar of $04,030, or $3,14 per
capita, It helped to swell tho lUt of
doathB by flro, numborlng 250,
Sir ■ Oswald   Mosley   It   a  Type  of
Old Timet
A living copy ot tho familiar tlguro
oroatod by artists to represent John
Dull Ib Sir Oswald Mosley, who Ib
endoavorlng to popularlzo wholomoal
bread, And not only has Sir Oswald
oarnod for himself tho title of John
Dull by reason of his appearance, but
alio on account of his characteristics.
Ho Is a country gontloman of the old
school, a keen agriculturist, a great
hrecdor of abort-horns, an oxionslvo
gardoncr, and noueonaon a fine museum
of Drltlsh birds, Rut ho takes to mod*
om pleasures gaily, Judging by tho
fact that ho is as koon a motorist as
ho Ib a lover of horsdlcsh, Ho awns
s number of rnra arid lu u prouihivni.
mombor of tho Automobllo Club. It
Is bocttuso ho considers that present-
day Indigestion and decay ot teeth Is
duo to fancy white broad that Sir Oswald Is cncournglnK the villagers of
rtol1'*',tr*Ti1 fltif» ot i<*Mch "Jsjc ^; is
iqulro, (0 uso,wholemeal broad.
A strange animal has boon attracting tho womlor or residents along tho
banks of the Asslnlbolno rlvor In tho
vicinity of Armstrong's Point. Tho
district Is thickly wooded, and some
mystery surrounded the movements of
tho visitor, A young man decided to
jo bis part In unraveling Kb peculiar
fonturcB, nnd procured a gun, went out
late ono afternoon recently, and on
ilghllnn tho nnlmnl burrowing in tho
mow, shot It In tho h< ad, On investigation ha was surprised to find that
be had killed a boavor.
It is now practically certain that a
team of Gorman officers will compete
tor tho King Edward Cup at tho International Horse Show in June—a competition from which the Germany
Army has hitherto held aloof. The
Russian and United States armlos are
also cntorlng loams for the first time.
France and Belgium are again entering teams, but the participation of
Austria-Hungary and Italy Ib doubtful.
The officers of King Victor Emmanuel
nro such accomplished masters of
equitation that tholr absence, owing
to tho colobratlons of tho jubilee of
tho House of' Savoy, will bo groatly
regretted. Tho Hon, Clifford Sifton,
Ottawa, Ib attending the-show again
this year, and IiIb son, Lieut, Sifton,
will bo in tho Canadian team, Tho
hope Ib also ontortalnod that teams
representing Australia and South
Africa will bo plckod out ot tho troops
.which arc coming over to attend tho
In an Old Coat, -
Dank notos and securities worth
$00,000 wero found In an old coat bo-
longing to.a Greek beggar who died
at Kasaka, Roumanla, Ills widow,
who found them, had bol loved
throughout hor married llfo that h r
nuBbaud was,a poor'man. Sho had
novor darod to search hor husband's
pockotB, as somo wives are said to do,
Wolves In Quebec.
Wolves aro reportod ln largo numbers In tho neighborhood of llnuoli-
otto, Qiiohoo, and Mr, Alt. Thorlmi, of
31 Mllo Lako, suoccoded In poisoning
throe of thoso pools, obtaining a good
prlco for tho pelts as wall ns tho
bounties, Mr. H. Day, of Onmoron,
oblalnod a very lanro.wolf In Ihosamn
way and prosuitul iho tanned jio't to
Ilov. D. S. Robinson, of Ottawu.
brougnt Uown a Cougar.
IWilou 'ihum, ut Cixtiluu, U,c„ b/iot
a cougar after IiIb dog had treril th
nnlmnl, When monsurod It wns found
to ho ovor eight feel long. As th re
Is a bounty of JIG ou cougars mad
tho hldo was Bold at a good nr'cii.
tl.r.    I,.,*.*,.-     .11 *     ..       . «      1    ,   . .
*■•«     MMMh^»     ...,»    «*    C-"«    *»b.J   4    *4(OfcUh,
Anyone having nny Information concerning Joseph Victor Trottlor, who Is
believed lo havo worked as minor In
r*ltlinr Alhorta or II. C, Is earnestly
rouuostod to communicate samo to
277, Snckvlllo Ht.
Toronto, Ont.
Othor labor papers please copy,
■•" -   •'•■•iriJ.' r*i. *« ?: r>   f^> .
-."*- ;> :>*/y a» y. y jw.i
fer gk vj yy i.-,.»,-   ;.•■
TJte Paper that getsi there
;•'   C|f Advertising that advertises is the
sort  desired*> by  persons   seeking"
"'. publicity for their wares.
, CfSelecting the mediiiin is import-
, „ ant—the ; publication that reaches
the" people'.~ the wage-earners-—
should appeal to the  discriminate
. purchaser of space." ,   ...;.
■        y      ' .j        '       ' ' \ ■
^ Its  an^ easy  matter to acquire
,    space in a 'paper" but, its another
poiit^jgj^^idequate returns from
Cf„Advertisements that sell goods;
are the ads that change often and
1   * - •'' \ -
to time, giving facts and figures. .:.
■. C| Any arrangement of type matter
.7 and' words in a paperls not adver-
.- j- tisiiig,     A well written and:iieatly
.   displayed ad is a source of informa-,
7 s tion that will not be easily passed1
y   undiscovered.    Discover your business with the use of Printers Ink.
:   ' ' ''■»,■   a       :    1 ,    , ,
■flF Gret acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through
the1 columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and; when you, do
this you have gone a long way to-,
wards being a success.
<|F Let the new comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
<ff The District * Ledger has the
largest circulation in tho Pass and
should be your special medium to
toll your weekly story. Just try—
can't toll until" you try.      '
. .*,  .1
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger
j I/'
r ,
!!« Crow's Nest
Trading  Company, Ltd.
The Store of Good Values
. ,Note the Special Grocery values offered for Sat-.
iirday selling and get the benefit.   •
■''('"R. ("}.*•!'-WhiteJBurliank Potatoes, jruaviuitcetl
good keeping stock.  - The special price should be,
an ihduenu'iit for you to put in your winter supply.'
~       "•        $1,50 per 100 lbs
Here and There
Monday is Thanksgiving  Day,
therefore a legal holiday.
Mike Robichaiid'was in from-High
River over Sunday.'- ,' ~". 7 \
During the past week the stork visited the home of Mr and' Mrs. C. J.
The' "Madame Sherry" Opera Co.
were the guests of the Waldorf Hotel
whilst in the city.   - '   •_'  -.
' W. G. Barclay ..made a flying business trip to Macieod early in the week.
Try "some of our Famous Eastern' Township Creamery-Butter, Eastern Canada is:
known as the producer of the highest grade
Creamery Butter, and the quality' of our
stock fully upholds their reputation. Special,
for Saturday^      ■ ' *
*    3 lbs. for $1.00    '"-
Quaker-Brand, Peas, Corn and Beans, 5 tins
■ for , ..'...'     55c.
2 lb Tins' Shredded Pineapple- \.' ."..    15c.
Domestic: Sardines, 5 tins for .-     25c.
Canada First Cream,-20 oz.'tins, 3 tins for   25c.
. Sherriff's Jelly Powders, 4 pkts. fori'.,..-...    25c.,
•C. and B. and Robertson's Marmalade, 1 lb..
jars ,. '    !:... :.'   20c.
3 lb. Bags Table Salt, 4 for ". " 25c.
Sunlight and Lifebuoy Soap, 6 bars for' .25c.
' Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins for. .."'     25c,
Oval'and Flat Toilet Paper, 5 pkts. for'     25c.
,   Salada Ceylon Tea, regular 50,;. lb., special   40c.
«. fr ,1b. Pkts. Quaker Oats  7..'..'... '25c'
' - Toasted Corn Flakes."3 pkts for ...'. 7 .."..    25c.
-' Post Toasti.es. '3 pkts for \.. '. .v     25c.
Imported Water -Biscuits, regular 50c.'per
-    tiu for \ 40c.
Vi lb. Glass Imported Potted Meats, -Fish-
and Game        15c.
Soot Destroyer, for cleaning chimneys and
stove .pipes, regular 20c.-Special 2 for.*    25c.
" "Colgate's,'Toilet Soap, regular 40c. to 50c',
special, per bo^    ' ...'.,, orA
2 lb. Tins Tabic Syrup ' •'..:■     10c
•;Finc Sweet""Valencia Oranges, regular per.. '-,'
„ ''""'doj5. 35c," Special,,. ,■ ,..- ,.....,  25?.
2 lb tins Preserved Cherries •     15c.
We are pleased to learn that Mrs. J.
Hughes has-'sufficiently recovered to-
return to her home from the hospital,
whore she recently underwent an operation.
., On Sunday next, October 29th; there.
,will be a Thanksgiving service at the
Anglican Church at 11 a.m. to which
all are invited. Specal- music will
bo rendered suitable to the occasion.
Special- Thanksgiving services -will
be 7 held"" oV", Sunday" in .the Baptist'
Church.   " All are welcome.,        7"   -
C. E. "L-yons -reports good business
in Macleod'real estate, especially Parkview addition," for which-he is the selling agent/, r       -' ■       "-'
- A correspondent 'writes:' "There, is
one strange thing .In the" running, of
this.:,town . . ',;.", 'Is -that"all?/-I'm'
surprised!       ■"      - ■    > -"-'-     .-   ,
-.Tepse Stackwood, formerly of Michel,
Pernio, nnd other points along the
Crow, has' decided to -abandon the
trade of coal digging and is at present
brake ■ twisting1 between Frank and
Burmis.      ' „
"The"ladies of the Methodist church
are giving, a. Hallowe'en Social in the
school room of'church,' Oct. 31st, eight
o'clock.     Admission, 25 cents.        -
New Minister Issues Invitation for important Convention to Handle
; Problems
«V«»Vo<<r'Wr<&V^ A»AOA«A«AOAOA<
Ferguson has accepted n position
with W. A. Ingram, of tho Club Store,
and is "dispensing the coffee and edibles behind the lunch counter, which
has become,,quite a resort for Fernie
business men.        .   ■
Fred C, Armstrong, who has been
riiiiklng a visit to the effete 'East, to
the haunts of bygone,days, returned
home again on "Wednesday, and his
genial face is,now noticeable in the
Fernie Billiard' Parlors'.   ''   - •
■ At iho "shoot' of the Civilian Rifle
Association last Sunday, all the trophies-were carried off,by Harold Mln-
ton—two cups and a shield. Harry
Gould was successful ln landing the
Tuesday is Hallowe'en,"an'l-lh3 night
for innocent pranks by' ine - younger
on the inside,
Hang your siii.i'j or iMlo:;
(Likewise! your wad!)
"But iris safe to say that;75' per
'SENT' of the men iiv "District-IS' do
rot want the, chccl'-off. . ."' (vide our
cc'tem.)   ls t'.-.a   a.l?—I'm surprised!
A number of the local Shriners journeyed ,not "by camel train, but by
the C. P. R. to attend a celebration of
the mystic order given in Cranbrook
on Wednesday."'    ,
The Rev. I. W. "Williamson and Mr.
Cook will address a mee'-.'nir in tlie
M'Mhodist Church on,Friday evoning,
November 3rd, in the interests of Sun-
iiiy School,work.
A fond parent<has been .scouring the
country for his lost son and heir and
we are glad to 'announce that the pro-
turkey for the best" score at the 500 j 'ligal has. been discovered.     Said the
yards range. \ 'father: 'I'm surprised!"     So was the<
 '—'  ! boy.
i .     ' .,
R. E. Beattio, of Cranbrook, who has i
for so long filled lho position of post- j
master in Cranbrook,   has  resigned. |
Alderman Joseph, Jackson    assumes |
the duties'.     Mr. Jackson, whose pre- J
fix is ",Toc|".,is very well known along
the line of the Crow consequent upon
his lengthy .connection with the C.P.R:
mMHBMeffi'«.W!WBaB«ranB!iHi TOrasraK»3iii3r3ms^isg3gsgs^
d .Chancellor, C. IT: Rawlinson
from"*Kanaimo, executive head of the
Knights op Knights of Pythias in the
Province of British Columbia, arrived jn Fernie on Thursday morning
"'from Cranbrook. ' - He reports that
matters'in Pythian circles nt all points
visited up to tho present are in a very
''Charley Claridgo. Mayor of"Morris
sey,' and 'one of the former- bright6,
entertainers'of Coal Creek, made an
informal visit to"the city on Tlim'sd.iv,
Charley'reports "All well" at Morris-
sey and hinted that,owing to the stato
of the money market he intends to
introduce a motion asking for a salary
of $200,000 per annum from the council
of that "burgh!   I'm Surprised!
There will be. Special Services ln
Fernie Methodist Church on Sunday,
October 29th, 1911, when the. Rev. Mr.
Dlmmlclc.wlll preach a Thanksgiving
Service In tho morning. The afternoon and evening is in chargo of'tho
Sunday School children, when a musical programmo will bo rendered, whlcli
will bo ploasant to. hear. Everybody
Welcome.' ,   .
Lest we forget! Mr. J. W. Gray
is still "At homo" lo his" many friends,
who are cordially invited lo call, riot
forgetting, 'however, to bring their
working tools, as well as owu'comniis-
.sarlat.       ■"    ". -   t
Tho- Public Works Department of
the Fernio City Council have just completed an.'.excellent piece of wcjrk on
Thompson, Street "between Rowland
and Pellatt Avenue;;.0 Engineer Potter
was.jn charge and it.'is needless to say
that the work has boon well done.
Donald McKencic, of the Fernie
lo discontinue the up-lown store .for
the present, aiuUafter Tuesday next
all orders will be taken nnd attended
to from the old stand on Pellatt A.ve.
North;" Phone'-numbcr ISO.' All customers please note,.,'
"OTTAWA^ Ont, Oct,.26,—Hon.Sam
Hughes, minister of-militia and defence,: has decided upon a. step' calculated to greatly improve the military
service of, Canada   ,He has sent'out,
invitations to all brigadier-generals of
the volunteer  forces,  heads", ofi colleges and representatives/"of, /cadet
corps, and of boy scouts; and,* prominent, meii to come to "Ottawa, shortly
tefefre the opening of the'session.. ",-<-.-
The gentlemen thus" invited,   will
constitute" an informal advisory board
and will "discuss matters of7 interest
with the minister.   -It is deemed ad-
visable to form regiments in various
universities   arid" also  to   encourage
drilling and-similar military exercises
in-schools throughout'the "Dominion.
An" effort will be" made, to provide a
plan by which armories.for individual
companies can be erected and maintained at a small expense.'. Problems
of providing rifle" ranges throughout
the country will'also be under   consideration   and   representatives     of
D. Rl A. and of the.'provincial'rifie
associations will .be, invited" in   the'
advisory board.''
Among the -topics' to, be discussed
at tlie first meeting will be the organization and training of .forces, annual
camps and pay, rifle* shooting and
other matters pertaining to the welfare of the force in' general. It is not
unlikely that the government mny "be
memoralized by the board to furnish
transportation to the. representatives
of each unit to "the annual meeting
of the D. It. A. Another matter'to be
discussed "will-be the advisability of
dominion grants towards aiding officers entitled to "a commission to purchase their uniforms. The general ob-'
ject of the meeting wMJjo to ..secure
an . expression of' opinion'as to the
Immediate needs of the volunteer-
militia.    , u
tlfid.—"Oh no-! the Boy Scout move-
dent :s by no means intended to inculcate militarism, perish sucn a thought!!
It. haf. a nobler and more exulted purpose t'.nn that of training the youth of
t'-'e country to become .scientific but-;
chers.' - It "is intended, to make Uicm"
■manly, honorable, improve them both,
physically and mentally.    Yet is it not
strange that those who  are- closely
connected with tbo military-affairs of
the (world are such enthusiastic supporters "of this Boy'Scout movement^
We" have amongst- others, such peace
loving gentlemen as Lord Roberts and
Kitchener,-.the Emperor of-Germany,-
tho President-of the United States.:
V,J. >"
4 -
Cranberries, :'.24bs.,,;;;'.:" yi, r'^'y
L6ttuce.;^per lb.; ....! -, V ;'-.^ "' '■
<"■ Mixed"Nuts.;-per lb. " .•  ,* '. *
\y Apples^Mclntdsli Eeds, 4:lbs.
y -7  "":-*' ;. ■'•'■"■' per,'box'
''.Jonathans, 5lbs. .  ,  -
.*   -" 'y'y7,per-b6x,
,  Grreeiriihgs, (5 lbs;
i:,,. 7 ■< per'box
I'/Sweet Potatoes, .4..lbs. .. >"
(B-, Tokay Grapes,-"per-basket--
a. Ooii^orcf Grapes, 10 lb. Basket
I Sqiiasb, Pumpldn, Citron, per lb.,. 2c |.
l.NjeVv Season.T.able/Fig's per lb. ■', 20c >„
! Fresh E^s, 3 (fozen :- ■ y-V-" " §1.00 >:
® Eastern Town ships Bii tter, 3Ibs.-, 1 .;00: Z ''$,: I
§ Lqwney's Fresh,Chocolates, per.lb. °25;|y.-£1
|. Wagstaffs Mince Meat,;:5;.lb.-pail,;' 60c.[* <;f:\
i Amiour's Toilet Soap per box ;, ,'. 20c. |;',;)
<, Colgate's Toilet Soap rcg'.,;50cV for,35c J;, Tj
f ;. .«- -'" -,-"V :■«:-,." '■35c^fo^266;j.,.:"--1
Dental Powder per pkt.l 20cf i; '■
"    ' Cream-"
'-; 25c
7 '$2.25
■ • J1.&5
- *,''.25c
' ; o0c;
- ; ooo4
Shaviiig 'Powder
-  ■"'/',-.' Stick-';:;, ,.
MeQhanics Paste,', per tin
,20c <
20c. |
10c: 1
You Axe Ready for New Overcoats
nonunuun   tasatmm   Bfswsrra.^nui vessac tmrsnmmat Bmi—iiiiiiiiiBHiifww
and We're Ready to Supply Them,
■smmai  nrxamsaeatxm  tumcKmiumtim   uki   iMaiiausMaUmii  mmtnaiarm/m,
Iri our last week's issue wo-mado
(illusion to tho doings of a Japanese
exponent of tho art of high finance,
and havo Rlnco lonrnod that Fornlo
in not tho only city honored by him
ln hlB exemplification of tho ways that
nro peculiar, Probably ho may attempt lllcc tactics,In Macieod, Loth-
bvldgo and olhor points. Thoroforo,
would miRROfit that tho bankers and
business men ho on tho lookout for
this clover Hiibjoct of tho Mikado.
1 I ask you to think, with me that the
worst that,, can happen to us is to
endure lamely tho "evils that we see;
that no trouble or turmoil Is so bad
as .that; that tho necessary destruction which reconstruction bears with it
must be taken calmly; thnt ovory-
whore—In StAto, In church,°ln the
household—wo must be resolute to endure no tyranny, accept no Ho, quail
before no fear, although thoy may
como boforo us'disguised as piety, duty
or affection, as 'useful,opportunity and
good nature, as prudence or kindness,
—William Morris. '
and that benign individual, ■ under,
whose sway'so many, have,-,worn'the
"Stolypin necktie," the Czar of Russia.
Now, from the a'bove we note that
the redoubtable, meek and' peace loving, Col. Sam Hughes, the new Minister of Militia, has sent out Invitations'
to cadet corps,and Boy Scouts'1 repre-,
Eentatlves' This, must naturally'create
in the minds of tho people a belief that
hypocrisy Is not yet dead, "and the
wai .cbject to bo 'attained Is the manufacturing of sultablo material for pow-
dor should future' clashes arise, and
Ukowlso, as has been demonstraled already, merely as a matter of preparatory education, the use of nby. Scouts
In tho honorablo profession'of strike
brooking. '   .,       ';'."■ '
: ■    ■ v y-V-r.;-,
W,' '- *<>
......     , ..#y,i
HE "long rii»hl" is coining,
stormi and I he Liliorly cold
So arc the snow
You nnd yonr big Ovw'nnl r.r<; \p\m lo lw
companions f-r scvanl lijonllir.. Wliolhcr
hocoimo pood frl.'Micl;; vx rr I, drpaids a lol on
kind of an Ovcra^l'iyoii l-.r1*.
Tho next Dry Farming Congross,
will lio licltl In (ho City' of Lethbridge
and for tho purposo of covering tho
oxpi'iisoB Incident, thoroto, tho Hon,
Duncan Mavshnll, Minister of Agrlcul-
luro In lho I'rovlnco of Alberta, stafod
Hint a bonus of $10,000 will lio given.
Thoro aro nlRo promlsos of asslstanco
from the prnvlncn pf Snskali'hownn to
the oxlciil of $15,000, tho Canadian
Pnflflc Ualhvny tn,000, nnd Promlm1
Mcllrldo on hohalf of nrltlsh Columhla,
has alfio promised a llko amount.
Why nol pui il l'!
n   f.^M'lair!;', hy
I-'it-Roform, and mako
';cl(iriij n  Fil-Hcform
Al   <!• 1 O     «'• '"'A   /•'
\\ i.i    oi a) s,
>   '■'    i
friond.i wilh yo-i
. : , r 'oir
f I c\yc.
'I'"' 'i
lip W<;
U'.iin'' of <i»o ik:w
co/v kind—thai mako.
Evory day furnlsliOB frosh proof ot
tho rapid growth-nnd spread of"tho
Ideas wo rcprosont, On all sides thoro'
Is tumult and push, Tho dawn of a
fair day Is drawing nigh with mighty
Let us thon ovor batllo,nmi h(v!vo
forward unconcerned ns lo "whoro,"
and "whon" tho boundary posts of tho
now nnd bettor dny'fov mankind will
bo raised.
If, In tho course of tills grout hattlo
for tho emancipation of the human
rnco, wo should fall, thoso now ln tho
rear will hI<>|> forwiinl, Wo shnll full
wllji iho consciousness of having dono
our duty as human beings, and with
tho conviction that' lho goal will ho
vouched, howevop tlio powers 1iob(11c to
Immunity ni'ay Htrugfilo In i'iihIhUhico,
' Oiivh Is tho world, dospllo nil--that
Is, for tho worker nnd for woman,—
J \
Aii Muonomlo and Speakers 1/mguo
hns been formed under tho auspices
of tho Fornlo Local, Roclnllsl Pnrtv of
Oiiiindn. nnd holds inert Inns ovi'ry Sim
dny aftnrnnon from 2.30 lo 1.30 In Iho
library room of tlio Grand Theatre.
Thoro nro over twenty monihovs at
pi'OHoiu,; ami aw IIiIh Ih open to any
who doslro lo ctiumoncp Iho studv of
mclal ocononies r. cordial Invitation 'b
rulPTidod ii r'flUnln with <»nm«     Thi*
Heckling Is often entertaining,  al-
„ (Soo pago 3.) ' .    ''
(I'M.—That thoro aro many foreign-
ors, llkowiso othors, who havo con-
turlos of suporslltlon and lgnoranco
behind thorn nono can dispute but
ALL forolgnors havo not ls equally
correct, neither does tho vast minority
llko to llvo In places such as those
described, but necessity Is tho great
'Incentive," compulsory "thrift," perhaps would bo a hotter torn). Wo fool
confident that If 'tho rovorond critic
wero to nsk thoso pooplo If thoy would
not prefer io dwell In buildings that
havo somo somhlaiico of doconoy with
j surroundings of a moro congeninl
i ehnrartor, the reply would lie "Of
jcoiii'so wo would, but cannot afford
i to on nccount of tho small wiiror wo
I get," lio, might (lion go to somo of
i tho employers of thoso peoplo who are
1 members of tho vuvIoiih cliurelinH with
jthfl advantages or "tho teaching of
j lho goHpol" for yours, nnd ask thorn
| why thoy don't pay wages sufficient
I to enable thoso forolgnors to llvo llko
jhuiiuin bolngs histoid of worse,llinn
j Bwlne .and vory probably he Mill be
I pollUily Informed that tho small profits
cation alone may be "made a.powerful
weapon .for good or evil.". .This is-
axiomatic, but it Is not only the foreigner would need It, these "Utopians,
with their quack remedies need to bo'
Jed out of the slough of Ignorance them
selves beforo they are qualified to pose
as Instructor's' Lay the axo at 'the
root Instead of buzzing around - the
tree top.)
"Tho Chicago Dally Socialist" has
weathered the financial storm ln spite
of thoso to whom tho wlSh ls father to
the thought and havo been chortling
with ante-mortem obituary notices.
Dr. O. H. Parkhust says'of the standing of-tho rich and poor In court, today:  ' ■   .   , ■ . i
"A poor criminal has no show; a
rich ono has. Court procedure Is bo
vitiated and emasculated by technical-
tllos that legal counsel, vorsod In tho
IntrlcnolOB of tho profession—and such
ones nro to bo had If thoro ls tho
monoy to pay tliom-Tcnn deliver his
client ln tho face of almost any evl-
donco, direct or civctimBtanllal, that
can bo adduced against him. '
"It Is a question whether a defendant who Is rich as woll as guilty Is
not qulto as llkoly to ho acquitted as
ono who Is Innocont but. poor."
It Is tho gonoral opinion that tho
courts represent propertied classes as
thoy avo constituted today. Socialists
propose, to put nn tho bench nmi who
rcprosont tho working pooplo,
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for Sale.
Buys HdBes on'Commlslon
. • fi ",''        '  .,-
j George Barton    Phone 78
Here it is, Waiting for U
REPRESENTATIVE wanted at onco
for work in your locality Will 'guarantee $2,00 to" $3,00 per day. Oppop
timlty to odvanco rapidly. Will pay
liberally for spare, time. Work riot dlf-'
flcull. Experience not roquirod International Dlblo Press, Toronto, Ont.
..      . ,, .. „„   ,    .„,',. J of tho hiislnosB will not penult nnd ho
though BomotlincH a tiresome. Incident, nmy n]M ))ft ^ ,fl n^Qn{m] mt
of pnllitcnl nifHliiKH. Tho ovpeileneed
public npriilior is imunlly nblo lo turn
the Iniigh on tho liitomipLur, but In
the prcKi'iit i'jiho tho mini In tho audience wiih vlitoilnus 10 tlio lust, „
A pollllnil Hiwmkor was nltacklng,     ...... ...    ,  ,„  .,,.
1 ., „„   t. 'prohnhlo tint some of lho liimlloi'ils
rennnn        A   mm  nf
lm Is iiHMlillIng with tnntters outHldo
of hls'prnvlnco, and his action regarded Homewhnl In the llsht of an lmi>er-
tlneiieo hearing upon how tho business
should hot (nullified, Il Is not, at nil lm-
tho goM-miiifiit with moro venom inmi i       »,        ,        , ,
A   „n„  nf  the  h»oV »f the I "»«V   I'lVO  llftd. tllO   boi.eflth   Of  'UliO
j tuicruiig of tho goHiKd' and moro rlif-
, i'vv.i'i ni r,v.i iiiwtlt tO Vll.illrtH tl'iOl'l   |IH'-
'll'oila of uuki'iiilng than to got (ho
.,,       , „        .,     , ' fmrn-lwr* "to rhnngr th^lr manner of
may j wkbfjii!  homling.     Pii'Hoiith, in  aii>.
Tlio othct'dny a young urchin walked Into a butchor's Bliop nnd nsliod
tlio butchor for a sboop's head,
"Sorry, my boy," snld tho man, "but
I haven't, a sboop's bond In the shop.
Tlio only hood that Is horo Is mlno,"
"Oh," oxolnlmod tho hoy, "that won't
do.    I want ono with brains In."
Tho butcher's foollngs nro bolter
Imagined than doBcrlbod,
•w.rlf imiler eiim'iloratlnn 1««t now Is'bnll nt last erled out: II
"Value, Price nnd Profit." I  ""you're wrong, sir!"
 „ j    A Huh- ticitlcd. tlio orntor continued
Throo  mighty  Niiurods,  who  may j without  homliug.     Prtwiutb, In  an
icu ;'<)il ,iro t'\i (V lo
\)}<\<:.r, i) r uno I r it,
'Hi   i vour,.Overcoat, Iiuro's
living." Rent, Intrrcst, profit, (ho
Irlnixvnnd of PnplliillHin must be con-
H«i i\ \\    i\>hi    Hiillltl)    )IH>   <'V|CM1»,,    Jll
which well Iritentfoned IndlvldiifilH
though they bo of lho typo of tlio Rov.
Jas. Allen, utter dwimi<latIoiiR nri'd
prcnchnients. will disappear, lint then
wo must remember that this Is what
fh#» PW'IaIIrIs ndrornfe n\v\ "floi'lMf-m
Nest Trading Co,
hnvo or mny not have (modoslv for- jswer to another strong assertion, enmo j
bids i> full nrennn* of their dolnRx"! ' "fnln:
lumled llriiifi in the wilds of Africa, tlio (    "Yon'r.- iirong, sir!' i
fierce Mill gopher on lho plains of}    I'1"1 *i>«'.'it!*r looked angry, but rnn-1
Alberln, or llio imink-ox In pnlnr dimes I Hi "ed on the warpath.
rerenlly dnelded to go after lho grlzz- j   "You're wiong, sir!" again rang out.
ly on  tlio Lizard  Hani?.'.     We nro!    Angrily  mldrosslng  tho  persistent
pleased to report they all enmo back [Interrupter, the orator cried:   ij
w.fL •-,,! «*n.l.    One, Uw.»«. ;;»je;mI;;;J;l'''«-' l ^SJ"'^.^^!*! ^«trny tho homo" nnd also
by the wayside, leaving a poetic effii-lromrhtnir    about   the   government,^^ ^.- nfl ftf ^^^    f
Hion  .HHi.Hub.l «,, a tr«e to notify   w<;; *..-,l,l ,,.,,«« hi* hair «ia.»l on.       .     M iI|(|lfjms;i       »im.
stragglersthat he had returneditoclvl-.end: I .     w
Illation. The strains of "Home, f?wce»      "You'r.-   urrmr  ngnln,   sir!"  eame
Homo" were herinl to brenk tlm other-' from tlio critic, as lio stood up nm! re-
wlsn pesccful surroundings, bnr   this  mo\ed hid lint.    Til* head was ns bald
hns now been supersoded by "Every, 'J« u Wllt-ml hall.
Llillvi Muvtuu lit.* , ■    	
SM/ofr's Cure
oukmuy ktosi rouaut, cvntn roion.
If JL \jf   tf .MA M0
Wo beg lo nnnounro tbnt for
tho nre«etit we nre remnvlnrr our
stock from tho Victoria Avonuo
premises to tho old stand on
Tollntt Avonuo, and thoro hopo
to lin'Ot nil our customers,
Hy n strict adhorenco to biisl-
ncsn wo trust to merit a rontlnti-
Him* lA >nnr \iilu«'d ^nitT<iiinf;<-.
Fernie Home Bakery
Telephone 140
VO\\ RENT—Throe-roomed  shack,
unfiii:iilshed or partly furnished, as do-.
sired.    Apply "R," o.o., Ixidgor Office.
KOIt   RENT—Slx-Roomod concroto,
block house. ,   Apply, Win,  Mlnton,
Annex, O.tf.
. ', 1 ;»__  ..,        ,,    .
WANTED—A Housekeeper;    apply
,Iolin Murray, West Fornlo, 2t,
WANTED — A Glvl for general
lionno work, Apply, Mrs, Mutz, Tlio-
llrowevy. 7-t.f.
FOR SALE—Flvo-noomod Houso,
Bltuiited nt Cornor ot .Taffray St. nnd
Dallon Avonuo, Easy terms to right
phrly, Apply, D. Willis on tho prornls-
ob, ■ •« 7-3 t.p.
TAXIPERMY—For flrst-clnss tnxl-
devmy work, motmtlng anything from a
Hwiko to nn elephant, call or wrlto, C.
Ilooeo, V, O. llox 0, Wost Fornlo
T ■  -     -f" •"■•
i\)ii tiA^i'i—At a bargain; a brand
new Illcyclc; Eufilluh tuake. never
rode on. Apjvly, Wm. B.ir(o'««, roJlatt
Avciiuii, 0-t.f


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