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The District Ledger 1912-06-08

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^ JJ isjj 7'
yrk ■'..:
. -^The.Official Organ of. District No.-18, UiM. W7of 'A'.-.   E.
gj;' , Affo;^t--Volr.;7;vA;. ^
'i'_. *x-;<-' »""'
"'■*-•; i
$1.00 A TEAR.
'•a C"
Belgium Faces
A"Sfa^e-fCouiitfy in i
I % Most Angry MootJ
-i. ■
BRUSSELSj-'rBolgium;, June 5.—Tho
«;;.%    -• c post-i^e^tlon; riots" in Belgium', have,
r.y.M takepL*7ori"'a*--re'volutiona_"y character,
S.;.' '*   ."- -/following last night's troubles at Leige
, "and "other .'places. A-lW-Socialists'
\',c«ntr_il,*committee- declared today that
7 it wduld proclaim a general strlketo-
.\-morrow.,     [.*     '.    i    '    y  •"  ,V,
; ".*','At AntwerpVone battalion of scouts
. and, a«section of artillery '.of.Xcivil
„v guards joined'the manlfestantsr.They
' *• rebelled 'against the poHce authorities
7; and .vented, their feelings*in;demolish-,
•ing WindbwsA  The''clerical press^de^
' ' mands.thef djsmissaPof .these- troops.
* ^ In addition-tp troubleB'aALiege.a'nd
.VervierB,.where /.gendarmes'. flred-on
the -crowd/, killing? or '.wounding', over1
■*'  fifty persons, among them twobhild-
; ren, there was less - serlbus'yrloting
" yesterda'y^'-and - last "night ,\t\ Bruges!
, , Tounai, Ghent,- Louvain, Antwerp; and
v - in this city.- 7.A ,>*';.   '- /   -".    , '; ■*,.
-   A number of Tfesuit;;. colleges, ,and*
'Catholic'institutions""we're attacked,by
mobs, and the; windows of the/build:
■ ,'ings ' smashed."' Gendarmes? charged
.; ,* the.r_oters; with,broadswords.- _.The 'fa-
t'-vprlte',-cries, of i.the' manifestants' are'
y.those demanding administrative" ^epa;
---ration' of- the*' "Flemish ;and -Walloon
y provinces?-; Some .of "* the newspapers
,. y-< report a growing sentiment" among ,thV,
_K 'j"S-\ working, classes, inAthe -Walloon*' dls-
*'v ' ,' tricts of the,southeast Jn.'-favor of the
ife"3^ " * annexationyof A5th'eirA.provincesv,to
y.7."7. ??France.  '_T__*e(agItatibn_ is'' sjpreaciing"
J\,'*'.-, »throughout ;thfe;country;''■ and"'?50.000?
\ reservl8ts',**wflrbo'called'out.7,'.i.-',;. ^
1 AAt-Liege. "enormous^damages' was'
- s.   , *. f *  * ? *     '  I--,"..   ~-y -.' ■
.   I- ■  • '. . .-,  ————      ■-* * ^ r', — N '   -.
-.-■'.•.,> , -, , -,*, f,',.:-ii-. .
Southwestern.District will have Peace
' ,'A:yFor Tvwo vYears" Longer'. A',
.  '.'       J     ' i*   ci."'-    <*.. s. \ ' -
,7 KANSAS'- CITY, Mo.;'.June *4.—Coal
operators and miners of the'southwest-
ernM district, 'wh'du-havo' been holding
conferences in Kansas Cityforthe last
sixty days, reafehed'-an agreement the'
other dayand acontract.iovering a
period*of two years was signed;,While
many "of the changes agreed to" are "of a
technical nature, the new/contract carries with it a'Blight-Increase'in wages.'
TheminerB^and operators' throughout
Missouri, KansaB,.Oklahoma,arid Texas are'affected. _ -"'    „■ ?.*•• v.-'', - '. ""
NEXT PREM.EROF:   -7;.'-* l^  .
. :, ' 7'' -,..'   ', y. t 7 GREAT BRITAIN
ml  tr
Winston Churchill Slatied by Gossip to
■y ,--.?.' .Succeed Asquith -,.A'AA;
"done, bjr. the,, rioters ^last, night.*-., To-
\i day streets -in .the, centre-*of^the city
;.' were piled bigh'"with,. brojeen ■ chalrs,-
- jtables/? beai&s, ''j-IankEU^anci' '.'stones,
,,, whlcli wera?tbo? arrasjused byAheJjhob
.in.tholr*.attacke on?the police,'-/'The
v,tramways v;weroy wrecked;^-.Invwthe
'*■ Place,' St? Lambert, rioters "overturned
ystreet'eirs, and'use'd thein'as.barri-
t ;v*,7 ^cades^frbm; behind which', tHey^ hurled.
' ' 7'",.'mlsslles at "the pollco','inJurjnV several.'
-vf> -' The most. serlouB."encounter occurr-
'..- ed] In . tbe' vicinity   of ■ the (Socialist
•"",* "headquartersi known as; '■'Ptfp'ulaclo."
'1 :) Firing revolvers' Jn tho air/.i.tho.'pro-
.' **'r'jtostants'ttdvailcod,'sI(Dwly?th'rbughf^
•streets to'V'Pppulaire," sacking,'storeB,
-,.'; and .cafas.tfe'thoy wont.', _ After;,they,
had arrived .at, the,- square,'""ievoraJi.
;shots; woro fired ■ from', wltiimXi'.iho
streets.  - The"' coramahdantAthlnlirn^
■   '.'the soldtors were; about"to be joypr-
v '.wh.elmed, .gave, the order to',ffro'ii,ai
- will,*   Soveral;volleys were exchant.-
'' ed,' during which a numbofof poopie"
7, woro killed, and twenty others "wound-
.. cd. . ' ...;" .;„:,   '7   ,,..-.  A
■-Thirty Killed and Wounded,
'* yniiyiBftB,. Dolglum/ June.-- 4.—A
-mob' todRy assailed gendarmes 'with'
7   -missiles. - The 'gendarme's .charged fo»
,    poTitodly, and'wlion.tlio rioters refused
. to 'dlsporso'opo_io,d fire.    .Thirty, bf
'" tho, mob.'fell);"killed ' and 7?wbunded.
Several' gendarmeB   woro 7 Injured,'
Many nrreaU(were mndo. S'y
CHtKTA, Belgium, June 4."*—Hlotlnp
.' contluod throughout   tho   nlgtit,   a
score; of persons woro wounded- in tho
fight with gendarmes,. . Hfobi nttaok-
od,several   convents,   breaking 'tho
windows, of buildings,    motors .alio
' smastied windows In tho itorea lri tho
cofcimorclal streetB, 1 ■" ,,
nitUSSIDLS, Juno 4.—Socialist lead-
era declare thoy made a mistake In
entering into a coalition with tho Lib-
' or.lo at the, recent oloctlon.  Henceforth thoy will strugglo separately.
The neif Chamber of Doputlos will
contain, 101 Clorlcals. 44 Liberal*., 30
Soclnllst! arid 2 Democrats, or n Clerical majority of sixteen over lho op-
petition coalition.' There aro,a num-
- ber of now-seats this year, of whloh
the Socialists Cap tu rod four,'though
most of thorn *wnt to C^oricolo.
Poul Hymans, tho Liberal loader;
today Issued an appeal to Liberals, not
v*h«» 1!f.p*h» *nitWn fMiMitntlonnl .liolli..
"It Is believed any'spread of tliis ngl-
tntlon will result In trouble am6n«
the Socialist working classes.A      r
-, , . .\v • >--, a ■<"••■ ■>.-."■
' '.LONDON, June;4.—The"early-withdrawal .of Premier,*'Asquith -to" 'the
House ;ofLor'ds is.noW accepted as Sn
absolute'.^ assured;, certainty/. s and" * it*
iEvnot^at.all unlikely that He;Will, at
the'; same ..time, relinquish- the' leadership of'the government and the Lib
eral party. Winstoii'.Churchill-is' mentioned' as',his;successor? , ,-\? '--..*
"/Mr. Churchill'is even-now* the'/majs-""
ter spirit' in" the "cabinet/-"' He, has
nbt^failed.to carry.everyj.point" upon'
which he "has Bet^his^heart, jand-he
soothes, "reconciles and, satisfies .every
body. , Even Mr. Lloyd'.George: who"
at,*-one time "showed, a disposition to
do with the ^Libe'rals^ lj"what'-' Joseph
Chamberlain^ tried - and, failed, utterly
to do,',when he-.was* the? most radical
of radicals/how,.with ihe utmost,good
nature.,at hlsf''1c'omma'rid,'.accepts \the
CJhurchlll dominance.,.f-^The substance*'
money. ,'p'oVeVs**" In^'t-ie^'Liberal .party
iwduld not-accept tlie chancellor,of the
exche'quer/as^ieader:, 7 .Mr.AChujchill'
wins'"them-to'.?bim -because he?Is not-
his; eyidenti'slricerl^jffl'-la Reformer,';
"who 'f^ets'/thlnga^ done.^.delights"' the
masses." 7- it wll^ [surprise''iibbo'dy "if
Mr. .Churcbiir'is called,by the''*,King
to'form, tlie' next LiVerfil.'cabinetTarid,
the'iSdiciStious are'that he' win'have to
be tackled at an early date/ ,
- '77*   * 7*   :•- -•' v .«'-,.•'. ^ '
i. -.
"•- ::S7
-■ Two'disput.es,which'haye,varisen'-between- the1
International Coal and Coke Company Limited'and-
sotae of its'inen Wave been-'referred' for', settlement-
under, the agreement of the 17th\November,'/L911y
to'the committee consisting.of the Commissioner of-
the'-Western Coal,Operators'-Association-and the
-President?6f\Di_tnct'18,'United Mine'Workers of
"America'and the chairman appointed by.the Minis:
ter'*.of,Labor.j>( 7    '   •_'.,- A.  y, _-y--..,;,'.   •.-     >s
<?7The''first* of..these disputes relates* to pegging-in."
of. men '"for the} block pillars 135 to 152.S -Station
number" one was/for a time used'for this'purpose,."'
but /the company, has- recently ,estabiished' station"
.number t^o'at;'^vvhich it requires.;the meri'wqrkirig-'
on'thepillars.in.question-td peg*in?'r -This station,*'
though* mucli nearer, than station No. l:to the pillars,', is about-two,miles further than No/1 from
the houses ?of the workmen, and their objection to '
peg^ing-in^at'-'No. 2 is based upon that factA- The-'
Company, on-- the:other ,hahd, says' that men-*who-..
pegrinat-No. "1 must, in order ,to reach, the pillars',
in'question, travel" nearly two miles-underground,
arid must' go for la"considerable part, of this:dis-
tance along the main haulage way of the inirie,jarid""'
that this involves the men .themselves" in mu'en daW.
.ger to life arid limb, and imposes upon the company;;
-much 'financial, jfesponsibility." •; 'There is nothings
expressly c covering this point'either in the agree-:'
ment. or-statutes except that the-first" clause of the\
agree_nent*vests>therdirection of the working-forces .
*'*' 7y ~. -.••• r p ..  1 . " y>,-,.   - ' '.  ,&•**-" ^i"-.*1",
- ~-i*
defence committee of .the/Duma last
night unanimously'adopted the government .proposal to grant 502,000,000 roubles'. ($251,00,0,000) -for- the naval ship
b u ildlng /programme;*- notwithstand lng
thq fact that/ten's Saf"__hliiei_{f^fTtsv
Inhabitants are' starving as?, a b result
of the'crop failure,*,1""rv>- -- " '■*,-. -
S    I :
7'Quebec Judge Refuses,to Accept
■ '.?, ; "Wflrd, of 'Honor"'m a "■'";
' V' '.V'-". 8.ub8tltute?,"'.'i"'':i*!..':...
' ;-MONTMAL.-i'Quo., June -..-^A^dis/'
pii'te \h the .courts heroins tb the .relative ,le_ral.Values of'^ a- witness'. ;\yord
pf4iprior.and testimony "on.oath;"lias
peon] settled -by-Mr.'-Justice 'Lauren-'
doau,' who decided that a,witness'on
the\CJuebec;'clvli suit, must Bwear-upon
ajblble and'accept' the regular .formu-,
la..iT.:'The ijlsputo arose over a''wltness,
directly iri the company.' That clause; is ~ broad
.eri|ugh to cdnfer upon,, thc company/Ahe ■ rights
whfch it now seeks to* exercise as it involves a dir-
-ection of .the-working forces.       A-     ', AA
The committee's finding," therefore, is that the
coriipanyis entitled to "maintain station No.'2, and
.fo Require the men to peg in at it. '
y T^lie'other dispute arises out of tlie contention of
.the':company that it is entitled to dockage on account ofr.coal which is exceptionally-wet, if such
conditions occur in at least five consecutive car-
.loaxls.'A' ,   '-:•.'     '-'y', . '     <,' ,;   ._ t
-f. --The question of, dockage,is 'fully provided for by
,the agreement*, of 17tlP November, 1911. . So far
-as|his company is concerned the dockages provided
fo|are to be found ori "'page 67 bf ttye.printed agreement." '    . 'V -•     ' A'    y. '*■',-        ,
... \.6' coricede the-Company's contention would.be
.iriifact'to'make'a new agreement between the parties; and this the1; committee have'"not power to do.
Uijderthe terms "of the, agreement > the company
hajj no right to, make the'dockage now contended
fo^,'. and this dispute must,;therefore, be decided
-against it.     V 7  / . '/"'"    '?,-"? -.'■"',,"
"7pafed*at "Calgary,.this Gtji'day'of June, 1912. '
;': -1„     "*• .;' '..(Signed) -.' W/Ii.'.WALSH, Chairman.
'/[•'.      " " , . .XX ''. W: P^JIcNElLL.
ly      .77   7-     '■   -C. STUBBS. *
■   *      v "      =' , -,. 's y
/      7   -" 7 '     -   AA'' 7.? ^'/Comihittee.',,
LETHBRIDGE, June 5?—The bricklayers and builders are on strike since
Saturday for an increase of wages from
67y» cents to, 75 cents. .-yAlthough
tliey have met the contractors on two
different occasions, they have not
reached a settlement." The men have
been"offered 70 cents, the-schedule
rate for Calgary and, Edmonton, as
stated. They held a special meeting
today to consider this'offer, but what
decision they arrived at has not been
given out to the public aB yet. . .
It is to be hoped that something definite will be arrived at soon, as several other, trades will be involved
shortly who will-hpve nothing to gain.
LETHBRIDGE.-'june,6.—The bricklayers resume work tomorrow, a settle
ment having been arrived at this forenoon. - The,fernis'of agreement are:
70 cents per hour, .half holiday every
Saturday, pay. every alternate week,
eight-hour' day.     '      \   .   *
On Dominion Day, July 1
First Class Proiram;
Is Assured   .
Twenty Thousand Men Favor Quitting
" Work-*    '   '-
womXn's.sIiffrage ,     ,,
A ,\ 7 : 'jS. ' . scores victory
v MBRTHYR,'TYbVIHii' Wales;,,May
27/--Wo,men*s' suffrage -scored one of
Its'greatest victories,today, when the
Independent .Labor party in annual
conference^here,'adopted. resolutions
strongly declaring for equal* suffrage
and favorirrg legislation to that effect?
Man learned tho use of steam and
electricity^ and how .0 apply them to
his needs., Today ho stands aghast nt
E;'-H.,Fordbywho' said-ho. was, nn.ng-.l the (monster machinery of production
notflc/'and"' as" he-:dld .not"believe ""in'' that hlsVcnorgy-, and knowledge-have
Xloij-and iho bible, refused to swear In
,tlic;ortl]odo)c:mnnnci*, offering instead
tio'glvo'his word .of honor40 toll, the
■whole truth.'; . ' '-; V ','' * ■*■   0,
.,_  - , , . ,.   > i_ \ /,-,-.., r,y,   '
Hon. T.' w. Orothors,'. Minister of.
Labor, will" loavo Ottawa on Jiino-17th
for hla trip***,bst Aftor visiting Winnipeg, Roglna, Saskatoon, Hdtnonton,
and Calgatjy. tho latter j)blnt on Juno
?0th, he wilkgo,through to Van:oc-;
vor. whoro ho. Is tlmodfor July16th.
and on his return trip.wlll visit IIom«
land, Fornlo,'Blairmoro'and Prank. ,
>»..i       '       .    v '   	
8treat Cars Derailed, Window's Smss'i.
ed and. Fifteen Woundoo In Riot
LIHOlfl, BolBlum, Juno''*-.~8orlon«
disorders occurred horo this ovenlng.
Tho worst clash tool, placoln front of
the Socialist club whbrca mcollng had
just concludod. Tho gondarmoi' woro
forced to use tholr firearms and three
persons woro killed and 15 wounded.
A demonstration also occurred In front
of tho city hMl. A riotous mob do*
mandod tho r»len»o of ono of tholr
number who had boon amst-id, Btrwt
cars wero derailed and windows
nwiuv^/i TI*.t* ..I.!..72 r-r.i 'r;!'.til
«»h«Tf»»*d rn^Mtpdlv n^fl wm'V T.mflT.1.
wor« Injured.
brought ^orth. • But today ho is'governed by, it," pnBlaved by Its very, productiveness. A The machine,has turned
into a' curso/; whore it should , bo a
blesBlngvHowovor, the'mind of man
will yot turn tho productiveness ot machinery to his .own benefit, marking
tho next groat stop 'necessary to his
froodom. The p'rivale .ownership .of
th'o:'macHlnos has created tho newer
Blavbfy~.-_duB.rlol slavery. Tho social •' ownership "of tho machines will
bring' tho"nowor freedom—Industrial
froodom.~Petor Klnncnr,. Intornatldn-
al Socialist Roviow, '
ers would."1 have, something-to- strike
oyer/ ■ It' was also- gotten up to help
a man-to"linsocket his arm'While'trying, to shake-threes sixes?! out^- of * a
.crankjf t^^^jk^l^rk
,„ Coal-is^found in the bin's of wealthy
people, y?It Is "of two colors; black
when'mined and red—when h*ot.\.' .
■ ' There are 452,115,387 tons,burned in
the United States every year, and It
seems 'as ,if .452,115,000, are ^consumed
by bur furnaces. Fuel, believe * that
statement.;   y -'
'•-There ls' soft and hard coal. The
soft coal is hard to get, but if-you are
able to get hard coal you're in soft..
Hard coal will always bo' In sight—
nnthra-clte. in other words, it will
always bo in (the) range.1
- School arithmetic tells us that thero
a^ro 2000" pounds In a ton, Most of
our'dealers have-evidently neglected
tholr arithmetic, and, while most'of
thorn.would not pounce upon anyone,
yet, wo have frequently noticed them
lying In wolght for us.
Cannel conl ls not sold ln cans, as
the name*Implies; neither is It-good
for burning In tho stove, biit for tho
hearth It's grate,—Chicago Examiner.
. The Labor'Advocatetof Nanaimo, B.
the wives ofvllindoo settlers in British.
Columbia is'"Not .Christial., riot jus.
t;ice aiid noFey'eh'-'gbbd policy.',' From-
what standpoint cloes'the editor speak?
McBride the'mouthpiece of the exploit-
'ing^class Jn,jl.he.;Rrovince/says that^he-
Hlnddb is a" failure "as aworker,' and"
should be .'excluded'■ on the' account
that-he cannot.be made to 'work as
cheaply- as the white worker, for the
rapid accumulation of surplus values.
The small business man,does notwant
him because he Is-a potentially dangerous '.compQtltibr, the real estate
shark for the same, reason, and tlie
.white worker sees in him a throat of
a lower standard of living. ' The Immediate material interests, of all
classes in the "community, seem to bo
endangered by the influx of the Hindoo, and,for that reason' lt is quite'in
accordance with the exceedingly flexi-
ble tenets of the "Christian" religion,
the current 'standard of-'Justice," and
in lino with "good policy" that neither
no, nor. his wlfo and kids, should bo
allowed J;o make a place whereon to
lay his head in a country that Is to bo
reserved for the exploitation of "Chris-
Mans" by "Christians." Which is
just another proof that all moral conceptions are founded on tho,bread and
butter quostlon,
: LONDON, June 4.—The. dockers'
union has decided to start strike pay,
hut beyond this announcement, there
vyas no development today in the dock
strike. , - ■ "  "'.   ,
•The unrest In, the railway world is
indicated by a demonstration today' in
Hyde Park, in which * 20,000 railroad
workers participated as? a protest
against the Central London Railway
dismissing men because Jthey "engaged
in trade union' organization work. "
This .meeting merely adopted a resolution* of protest, but=a-* strong-feel--
ing was displayed in favor of a gene-'
ral strike? '_■" A ! -   "    .
*5±i=^ y    *      ,-"',' -     *   * .*
7 LONDON,'June 6,—The Government
is experiencing, difficulty in effecting
a settlement of "the Dock'Strike?  Con-
- The Athletic -Association got busy
this week, making arrangements for
their celebration on the 1st of July?   ,
As will, be remembered, ulast year,--
the sports were held on Coronation c
Day,   but this year it>'as decided to'
revert to the usual date, in spite of
the 1st of May 'celebrations. "
It Is hoped to arrange a "good programme of sportB, to include baseDall,
football, running,* high jump, hurdles,
ta?. o_-v:tr, a motor cycle race, bloyoli.
lace, etc. There will also be.1 procession of the school children and '
trudes-nen'F floats '"'"th prizes for
same)'in the forenoon. For-tbe children's races lt is hoped to obtain the
use of the coal company's lawn. _
There aro several other interesting
events which the association have ir
r_"'nd, but theso will b-_ decided u'.ob *
at a later ilau*.     With reference to
the" motor cycle and .cycle races, it is
generally   agreed   that " these   mighr.
(with the permission of the Council)
be brought off to milch better advantage on the streets, and os we have.-
now quite a bunch of cycle enthusiasts *
in Fernio, this should,easily provo the,/
feature, of the, day.        ' .
y^The association hope to be able,to_
offer substantial prizes for the football
and-baseball and consequently we see,
-morrow.'. The employers-are--dlsinclin-.
KiUED Al Hit
A sad nccldent-occurred In Hosmor
Jfront Street on Tuesday evenini, when
tS-dwetrd Kenny, who *m riding out to
"Cdmp f, was men to full off hU home.
Wn«n picked up h« was unconscious
_u.d wail cuuvcy*ul with M %ymw\ to
, tha hospital, wber* he MPirotl on W«d«
n«*d*r •ften.oon. Ii*e«aw^ was v«ll
known throtighontthft Pass. Ho hat
toMi. « stable bopi nt Camp * for a
•f/oioW of jean.
', 'Coroner Wills, uf r*uuf«. tu-UI tu_
Inquiry on ThvnAkf morning and tho
furdirt Riven by tbe. Jury wai "Ac
ddfnial dwtb."
BBATTLW, Juno 4,~Tho woman of
"Wnahlngton ara preparing (0 tako an
ftrllr/t  riirt *"*•   thn rryrtyifnmlrftr m«i-
paign, Already two of them aro avowed candidates for, different offices,
Tho latest Is Mrs. Josephine Prosfon,
who will run for stato superintendent
of nubile Instruction on, tho Itepublt.
can ticket4 Wfs, Preston'ta at present
county auperlntondcnt in Walla Walla
County, where she has mado a good
record. She l« oritaniilng her campaign tyatemat.call/and promises to
"havo the tiippori of may v«H known
educators. Mrs. Tlmtylt., of Olympla,
la tho other .woman cabdldal*. 8ho
arantg to be atat* land conmltatoner.
tittle .odieakea thai, mm* women ap*
preclato tb« right ot anf/nige and Intend to avail .hcmirfllvM of ft* best op.
y4HS-._l.taf-   ,
Young Man Falls From a
' Train—Body Mangled
In Fearful Way
A young man Voll known In thoso
par's, named Oliver V, Dompaey, was
.ul.    ll(,l     «wiU    1U«U»(.U>     kii.tU    -tbUi
IMko Pti "annrtny T>!*.hh lie iijjfl lwp
othors wero riding on tho top' of a
freight car coming from Wardncr and
whon wlihln a mile of Fllko Demprwy
fall between the cars and waa Instant-
« -t.*»»,.» mt. .    .r.ll  ..  .   t   H   ,. 1
oyer tbe body and lho westbound
freight passing over It dragged It
about four, inll«S, tho aevercd head being that distance from tho body when
found by a track '-walker this morning. Dempaey waa a member of th*
!_. O. L. of Cranbrook. and waa SS
yoaw old?    .-,
Coroner WHkea went down to ICllio
where an Inorjeat, wai held, the Jury
kflnging in * verdict of "AccMenial
death." " • , •
Tho "law of tho soa" Is quite different from tho custom on land.'
Tlio captain Is expected to bo tho
last man to leave IiIh ship; all othor
lives must bo saved boforo his?
Tho captain of Industry mnkos aura
first of a comfortablo living for him-
solf, ovon If tho workers In his employ
dlo of tuberculosis through Insufficient
food and insanitary conditions,
Tho chivalry' shown to a fow hundred womon on tho Titanlo does not
alter tho fact that In New York City
160,000 pooplo—largely womon and
children—havo to aleep In dark rooms
with no windows; that In a s|nglo
largo city 5,000 white slaves dlo ovory
year;' that tho Uvea, and health of
thousands of women and children aro
sacrificed continually through their
exploitation In mllla, workahops and
factorlos, Theso things aro fucts.—
Woman's Journal.
CASTELLON, Spain, May 27.—
Eighty persons, wore killed tonight In
a flro in a thoatro at Vlllaroal, which
'was caused hy the oxploslon of a
TioT-e_rs"oi_^'h"y^ir^iWl3rn?_~l.rove as"
great a draw,as,on the Jst bf May.  , -
' The grounds of the. association at
the north end of the town,,will,be utll-
ferences .with   the   various ,vparties U^d for most of the events. *
thereto have ben postponed until to-    .Th<s  President" of the Association,
ed to accept
the government's pro-
BRUSSELS,' June 6.—The, agitation
among tho laboring class in the Walloon Province continues. There are
now one,hundred thousand, men on
strike. Less violence 'is being displayed. • .1     .       -
-(Mr. ,Harry:-Herchiher) ,and the-execu-.'
tlve will be ln"a position tb supply'Yur.
ther details In the the course"of h'day
or bo, and It Is intended-to publish'
these as" early as possible, thus giving intended contestants ample tlmo
in which to train -for the various
events.      ' A •-"
Tho Hon, Richard McBride, Premier
ot itr-tlAl- .'©.o-ftWe, hat accepts «h-°
Invitation of th* Calgary .ndfl«trl»l
..xl'lbtt.cn to officially opon the *»xhl-
*".-itoa oa S-al-iriar, Jnn« tiih.
Preparations Under Way
That Means Gigantic
LKTHnniDOB, Juno V.-fltepn arc
on foot among Uio various labor
uu'.uu* "«,, *•"■-* I'foviiicu (or tno
.-rlnlilhslinirnl _\T im A_1*a.'.a l\\icu-
tlon of Labor whicli will emhruto all
lnbor organltatlona within  »h*  pr<v
Clem Rtnbba, president of TJIatrlct
1 j,   1,.   •>..    ...  i.k   A.,   IO  ft-  VhC   'iniAil   1/1
the movement and a mooting will be
held in tho Labor Tomplo hero on
Juno 14, for tho purpose of consider-
Ine n campaign' for organlza"on.
no.cgatus^ from all unions in tho
provlneo aro exported to tn* h i*-
tc.n'aiHo and tho meeting promimcR m
be one of thn ©mat Imp/jr'ant fmm n
I.1I.1. Mandpolnt over held In the .in-
One of (ho oniatandlng features of
th-;   movement (s thai   th«   Unltwl
Karmrrt of Altteria tr* <ak!ng an ae-
alto at all the Thame* shops and on f tiv* part In tbo priwftl.nffi., nrtit no-
Through tho prossuro of organised
Inl   ,  ..       **■.,,-     T9,.f.   -     Ill ...
rnndfl rnvry nehool ehildrer. 1?0 tnlltT!
for from three (0 aix cents, whero they
attond high schools. And tho nil-
roads make a profit then, l_gt.or unions aro such awful things!
. International Board Mombor Geo.
Pottlgrow, of the United Mlno Workers of America! located dt Lndysmith,
and' Robt. Foster,' President-Elect of
District 28, U. M. W. of A,,' woro official vlBltors-ln Vancouver last wook,
having met members of, the Executive
Hoard of the B. C. "F-cdoratlim of I_n-
bor with roferonco to mutters of mutual Interest to both minors aud other*
Industrial workers.
Mr. Pottlgrew informed tho Fedora-
tlonlst that a vory important gathering ot officers of tho Pacific North-
Wont will take placo at Butto, Mon.,
on Juno ilrd, nnd lio cxprouod the hopo
that ho would bo ablo to Bond a
roport of tho convontlon In tlmo for
tbo Juno 8th Issuo of tho 11. O. Fed'
Urlofly, tho "Convontlon will occupy
tho snmo relation to tho coal minim*
Industry of tho ontlro wost as tho big
moot of tbo cast a fow weeks ngo,
and it Is tho moro significant In that
It la tho first of Its scopo ovor (0 bo
hold In tho wost. Representatives of
tho minora* organltatlona will bo present from District 18, covering tho
CroWB NoBt Valley coal flolda In Hrlt-
lnh Columbia, and tho provinces of
Alberta and Saskatchewan; District
28, covnrlng Vancouver Island: Dis-
trlct 10, embracing tho Stnto of Wash-
Ington; District 22, Wyoming; District 27, Montana; Dlatrlet IB, Colo,
Tho doclalon of' tho convention Is
ono that*will provo of special Inter-
ost to ovory unionist in the Pnclflr!
North-Wlost.. and It may also bo of
".Tr.? C_,»-.vi_4 ,w _„c i_i«i l/aiu'itt ul
.'.fl'twmr! trrrllnr;*, for t.i.TO -).*_- itn-
tain questions to be dealt with In tho
mattor of uniformity that ean scarcely
fall to necessitate nomo drastic
' VANCOUVER, D. C.„ May 24.—The
British Columbia 'Methodist - conference' at Victoria last night passed a
resolution against tho encouragement
of the spirit of militarism throughout
Abolish Papal Legation
LISBON, May 23,—Tho Chamber of
Deputies, by a voto of GO against V>,
today decided to abolish tho Portugese legation at tho Vatican. Thin
is n soqiiol to tho law of separation of
Church and Stato decreed by tho go-
vornmoht In April laat yoar. "
BRISTOL, Tenn., May 2B.--Tho general uHHombly of tho Southern Presbyterian Church refused today to adopt
tho majority roport ot Its committee
on Romanism, which suggests a plan
ot attack on tinthollclsm by thn ovon-
gollcal churches of tho Unltod Stntos
and Cnnada,and tho establishment of
a fund to support eonvorts from amonrt
tlio prloRts."
MACLEOD, Altn,, May 2-L—Frit*
I-bertu, sentenced to hang on Juno tr
tor the murdor of Constable Wlllmotv
U. N. W. M, P.. has been reprlovol
•mill August 1. Mis lawyer rojulvel
n mossago to tils effect from th*
Minister of Jiutieo today.
Building. Federation Orcttra Members
To 8top Work to Aid Ooek
I .ON DON, Jone R.—arhe building Industries' federation paawxi a resolution .ot-lgM ordering all Its nembor*
employed by th* port of London aa-
thorltlos to atop work forthwith and
dhifrt whet* •.rtkera1 piaowr hgvo been
filled by nonunion men. Thia will udd
«eteral thonsand to tho. ranks of the
sunnrc has been glvon that at leant
fUtr d^leK.ile* from tho various local*
of f-c \l V. A. will b« In attendanco
at tl.e on.anl*_at-on weel lng.
OTTAWA, OnL, May 23.—Great dlf-
flculty la being experienced by the
Vorfhweit Mounted Police dcparlmont
In securing now reeruKa for tho force.
Inspector Corilut-, who U n-l .ntt»«>ul in
th« MarUlmo provineei, advise* that
he find* It praetiei.Ur ImpoanlblA to
•eenre rernilfa of the ntnndard of efficiency and Intelligence required hy
•It- ttpniiuettL
Tb* rftitwn gfvcu (a that ttut xuum-
neration given la not sufficiently
areat, ln vlow of tho increasing oppor-
tnnttlot In other fields.
(Where aro they?—IBd.)
»m "nice cr ccal
TORONTO, May 20,-Coal dealers
stato that the usual summer redue-
tlon In thfii prlco of coal will not bn
mado this aooion. Last summer coal
wna tfi TiO ner ♦nn tmt tt"* -u-infn^ ^-t»»
of *7.2f! will bo retained, with the possibility of a further Increase to $7.50
as a result of tho new railway rato
now under eonMd.rui.oa hy tho railways. Noxt wlnter'n price may go to
$8 per ton.
In Na* York city 131,MS" children
between 1. and 18 yoara of ago aro
now at uork, 68.W. boya arid «r.,3!.2
Pnlcsa relief U afforded th* men
employed In the building trades in the
old country In the thspo of Increased
waiiv:-.. a Kimfe.*. ..tr-ik* .« inevltati'fl
at for as I_ondon and Manchester ar"
eon corned. Tho demand of tho w-
r*ninr* I* for an .ft. .taw f»w*m 10»,I.
to 1». wr hour and fewer hourn. iF-!
"iV  ■? -
. \:fyys'AV' •■s^y^xmhTM^^^yXs^ AyAA?^A^r^AV;A|^^7
In the last article it was shown how
the International Socialist Movement
has condemned every nation tending
,. to divide the workers on political or
on industrial -lines. It- was also
shown that, the workers need a powerful, united political party as well as
, a powerful united trade union movement. These two movements of the
working class, while occupying dis-
' tinct fields and having distinct organizations, should, at all times work harmoniously together. This position
of the International Socialist Movement is, as I have shown, also tho
position of the Socialist party in America. * '
Now "let us turn to the position of
the international trade union movement. The trade unions of the world
do not have an international congress,
but representatives of all the national
federations meet from time to time in
an international conference. Samuel
Gompers attended the conference >of
1909, held at Paris, and James Dun-
' can attended the conference < held at
Budapest'In 1911. These conferences
endeavor to deal strictly with trade
union questions, but the position chat
t rade unions should take toward i po-"
li.ical parties has been debated and
clearly outlined by-the conference'.
At the Paris conference the. matter
came up on the motion of Ihe French
trade unions, to holi periodically in-
te/national trade union congresses,
the purpose of which would be to organize the interna.'oiial on the' same
lines as those adopted by, the Frencu
Federation of Labor.
"The point of view' we take," declared the Frenchmen, Vis, that oniv,
trade union action can lead the workers to final victory. . . '. You want an
industrial and „ a political movement,
but we want a purely economic one
Our method of direct action, so, often
derided, will surely lead us'further in
_______"• long mn than your tactics.     The
French trade unionists vill- V*. taKe
part in the International Socialist Con-
greses; they do not concern them."
Hueber, of, Austria, in ansewer to
the. French delegates,, made the following statement on'behalf of the
trade unions of, Great Britain, Belgium. Norway, Denmark, Holland,
S.paln, Italy, Hungary, Austria and
"Wo fully respect   the   arguments
brought forward by our French comrades .,; . but . . . we are opposed to
that proposition.,,  We■ believe in the
absolute necessity of the co-operation
of the political - and the-trade union
. movements ot ■ the working classes.
'.These must be the two weapons of
' the workerp.    We must*1 use both In
our struggles, and It would be a crime
to discard either, whilst the workers
are, politically and  Industrially - suppressed by the capitalist classes,
Legien, of Germany, said that he
had not signed tbe abovo statement,
not because his conclusions differed
from those of Hueber, but only bo-
cause he thought the matter might
well be discussed. "If tho French
do not attond the International Socialist Congresses," said Loglon, "wo
havo no right to reproach thorn. But
most of tho Comrades present horo
also go, thore." In answer to the
French delegates who had nrguod that
the general strike was more effective
than political action, Legien declared:
"We do-not want'to spill*the blood of
the workers without necessity."- We,
have gained much without violent methods, and we want to continue these
tactics.'* As a result of this discussion-the French withdrew their.proposition, declaring, however, that they
would submit it another year.
The above discussion has an importance even beyond that of showing the harmonious relations which
exist in Europe between the trade
union and the political movements of
the working class. At the present
time certain elements in the labor
movement are urging the general
strike and?direct action- as the sole
means competent to emancipate the
working class. They set up as'their
model the "methods of the French
trade unions. ' It may be wel},, therefore, to point out,' in passing, that
these methods have not only been, repeatedly repudiated by the international Socialist congresses; they have
also been repudiated by the international trade union conferences.-     |. •
The "last international trade junlon
congress was held in'Budapest. James
Duncan officially represented the American Federation, of Labor at' that
conference, and his most impartial
and illuminating, report will suffice to
make the rest'of my argument for me:
' "A misguided man--named'Foster,
from Chicago, 111.,"' says Duncan,
"claiming to represent an,alleged organization in America, called the'Industrial-Workers of the World, had
been-for some time in Paris,* and had
succeeded in convincing the French
.delegates that he represented a labor
organization in'America" and-was entitled to be recognized by,the.Secretariat instead of the A. •¥.' of L." representative, He is said to have and
in Paris a program "of strong* French'
flavor, namely, low dues, no. defense
fund, the general strike, revolution.?
. . . . ; Evidently his program , was
mapped out on French Hnes and cap?
tureu the French delegation., - Hehad
thereafter taken- his , program from
Paris to Berlin,; to .encourage, the
tion and'pleas. .They, however,'; had
nothing in common with;,his'-?tinfoil
proposition and his .wind bag methods.
Their labor movement is based11 oh a
solid foundation,and makes for real
progress, so. he .was not In'his element
in their country.' . A _'''       ) '  •/ v
When Foster submitted his creden;
tials tp tho - international - conference,
"a motion -was made that the Industrial Workers of the,. World .be not admitted to affiliation in the, International Secretariat-as a trade" union
center. . . ...' The' Frenchmen^ suggested that, if the Fostor aggregdii-n
wore not admitted, that1 the A. P. of L
Bhould be kept out -'pf the International Secretariat until both organizations became reconciled to a uniform
"After1 .gonoral' discussion,. Foster
was given tin opportunity to tell hin
own, story In hla"own'way. .-. . Ho
clnlmed thnt In America the I. W, W
was the only body that organized unskilled workers; that 85 per cent of
their Bkll.ed mombors wero n'.eo in
the A F. of L, unions; that thoso -in-
ions would not admit Socialists and
revolutionary forolgnors Into membership; that the pooplo ho represented
woro 100 por cont Socialists and revolutionists,'who wore preparing fo" the
international  ''strlko,   which   wouU
strike terror into the heart of. capitalism." A.. A * 7 A 7.
' After a day lost in discussing the
divisions in the American labor move-"
ment, ' the conference voted' tinawV
mousiy, with the, exception only' of the-
French, that the Industrial Workers,
of the World be not admitted. Several
things are noteworthy in-this action.
First, that nearly every delegate was
a Socialist, the only* exceptions being
the French, who were anarchists, and
Duncan, whose politics I do* not know.
Second, that most of .the delegates
favored industrial, unionism; and,
third, that in spite of both these facts,
they voted "clown and" out" the self-
styled     "Socialist,"   "revolutionary,"
industrial" union:
■,, * -"-ii j
'This action was taken on the ground
that dual unionism will not be tolerated ■ by the * international movement.
That there should be no' doubt bf this,
"Holland moved that all' trade unions
should join their respective national
centers "and invited;'the International
Trade, Federations and secretariats to
admit''those unions who1 are members
of their "own national center of trade
unions.,' And, further, r to bring pres-
sure'to bear upon non-affiliat*ed unions
to induce-them to join the .'national
center of their "country:*   Adopted."
This action of the conference, as,
well as the jtctioii of the International
Socialist', Congress In repudiating the
methods of Jthe Industrial Workers of
the World,?"cannot,be laid,to personal
differences. The .whole question was
decided on principle.. Dual .unionism
is reason to. the, working class, and
the7fact' that those who have-committed .-that- crime call themselves 'So-,
cialista does,not'diminish their crime.
They.caif.tell Europe of Civic Federation.banquets, and Europe responds:
"How'.can.you talk of treason with
j our own! guilt so obvious?", "Workers of.the.world,' unite," is not in'tfj-
rope a-phase. A It is a vital fact that
is, the/most, inspiring and revoluti.*;.
ary fact?^politically" and - industrially,
that the .world has yet seen. j ' ■ '•
. Having;dealt^witti dual unionism,"
let' us.now/deal with political action.
The following-is a good illustration:'
invites _.t.he ''..'representatives of the
.working'classes-in all parliaments!to
do a,'.,-in their power in order to get
bills •* enacted?into , law - prohibiting
night work in all industries' whete.'jit
is not absolutely necessary. Adopted."
7 That is'the method used by the
trade,union's of.Europe when they
want-the Socialist parties to take any
legislative action.,. And to this conference that Duncan attended nearly
every Spcla'ist party of Europe •sen-, a
report of the' actions taken by them'
upon the requests made by the previous trade-union conference. Indeed,
there is something .inspiring in ,the
first phrase.of one' resolution paBSed
nt tho Paris* conference. "Tho Trade
"Union ' International • Bhall co-operate
with the Parliamentary International
in>prdor.to .bring about." etc. And
tho. ideal Ib not far distant when state,
national and international trade unions and SoclallBt parties Bhall fight
politically and industrially in all harmony and fellowship for tho ©mancipation of the working claes.   >
Duncan's fin© report of his visit to'
Europo is filled with many Interesting
ohporvatlons. Ho makes no effort to
concoal his admiration of tho splendid
working class political movements in
Europe, I have'taken tho following
paragraphs ub typical of his account
and as a"fitting endingtfo.thls*.article
on the Internationaf trade, union ,?iosl-
tioni -fV\y7 Al Ay A *7.' X V'~- A'7
.-_ "Tliey,;have;;.two. kreatVmovemeii",_;
in .Germany, which easlly'.make-jV tho
leading ■■country* on'.the -continent of-
Kin ope?' ".They, have a* first "c!asa*tWde-
union' movement, composed? of? neartv
2,020,0007members. 'It is doing ne'reu-
leari work; in' many?dir"ect_ons7'7   ."*
."-,' The other great" struggle^referred,
to/is jjiblltical. German workmeri\hKYe
a'-well, "organized, political; movement;"
and- when it's. purposes; __s"such,',_n_f-
ficientlycqnyerge, as "also, dp the purposes Jof-the, trade, union .movement,'
they.in* time meet and the two bodies
then act unitedly.' 'Each has its parti.''
cular dutj> toperform.'a'nd each'is doing it, as the circumstances permit";-'
" "The. leaders in.'both movements in
>,Germany -frankly, informed ,-'me"that
an applicant for .membership.in? He
Socialist movement; whose'trade "ur
whose'occupation was organized,'and'
who did*not belong to his'union',' was
not admitted to membership*.a's a-Socialist   They looked ont,of the' corner
of their eyes at men and asked me how
a-man could be a good Socialist, If-he
were not a trade unionist...-.' A . - ' '
\ "Clamoring for democratic   government, by evolution if possible, hut by
revolution if need. be, is- the Socialist
political  party organization.      There
are other'groups which in a-way, protest against- imperialism, .but the one
organized party-which-is a living,^ active "* protest.,agains"t imperialism and
force of government;' is the Socialist
party? ... 7    ' * -.     ■,-  '    .   .
V"The"European movement is an education in itself./ The harmony which
exists' between- the trade unionists, attending, to trade affairs-and? the So?-,
clalist, attending to political affairs, is
everywhere *,in   evidence.   Where  a
.trade dispute exists thore the Social^
Ists are helping, and where a.political
contest is,going.on the'.trade unionists
perform ,their..p_trt in sui>fr.rllng,'the
Socialist * program,  and- between the
two ttiefuture" welfare of the masses*
of the people will be worked out." 0
(To -be Continued) ■    •   *'- -
_\ Fernie Steam Laundry
 ' ■, ii; i*-
Dyeing and Dry Cleaning
We could reduce prices If
wc worked our employees 18 hours a day
seven days -to tho week and in return paid        !i
liiuju u.Uax salary under a Io;ng■ contract
wo are in a Wliitp Country, employing*only
White Peoplo and pay, White Wages for
White Hours. It is up to, the pooplo of
Fernie and district to say if .their money
thdy( spend on Laundry work is to vomaii.
in this country or go to the FAR EA&T.
Just think it ovor and ask us for our .."
/ -.       __
Special Rates. Families, Bachelors, Hotels
.CHARLESTON, "W., Va., June 4.—
The -miners, and operators in' District
No. 17 reached^a settlement carrying
with, it an adyanceyn wages of half
of the Cleveland compromise, 'at'all
the mines on the river, says the Labor
Argus. The7operators of -.Winifrede
all of. Paint .Crek and" two operators
in - Brier .-'Creek,*.belonging to "Paint
have,kicked out and refused to,Bigs
the agreement,-and. the strike is still
!on at these 'places."- I. °     '--■?,,
Whenever the;-miners refuse' to
abide by a settlement made by their
representatives' -, the . operators '. are
quick to howl about the organization
not having any control over the mo*,
but now that the • operators have refused to comply with the agreement
made by their'representatives, not a
word 1» said.)    ' -.«'   ['"*■ ;
It Ib \evident''^thai the operators
have , acted in .bad faith all along,
and If, the truth "was known the entire operators'; organizations are hacking,'the1, Paint; Creek'' and Winifrede
operators. ThlB is but the carrying
out of a policy, adopted by th operators some years ago,to crush tho United Mine Workers' organization In this
district. , .'.'■..■•;
Thoy chooso those Isolated places,
up these crooks, for attack because
they think by puttlng^ho Baldwin,
thugs, ln charge', they can man tho
situation and say who* shall go up or
como out of'the",crook,, no woR nd
establish a censor, on all news and
keep ,thoir,high-handod and brutal
tactics from the public. Tbo , vory
small difference, in tho wagos botweon
tho union and non-union- flold ls not
tho' motivo that,'promptB tho operators to fight tho union so bitterly no
this would not amount to vory muoh
but lt is tho sttnlagd? that, gives tbe
nonunion operator tho groat, advantago.   ■ 7 * ,_, ,    ':       , .
Thoro aro others than an economic
combo for thoso .operators to kick .out
of thb organization,',and It Is moro
than a ynlon fight; thoro nro political
motives back of It all and wo can bco
tho hand of;tlio.politicians,Wd crook-
od official'dealing tho cards lnvthla
gamo. Thoso Bamo offlqinls, who
with llos„ln tholr mouthB and a.hypocritical smllo on tholr,docollful,mugi
who aro claiming to bo such frlonds
of labor aro engineering this ontlro
flchomo, ond It,Is no( only an-attempt
to bronk tho ocdnomib organization of
tlio mlnevB In thono sootlons, but Is
nlso nn nttompt to bronk tho political
organisation ns woll; not only'nro thoy
trying lo rob tlio minors of tholr economic rlghlH but tho Intont of tho movo
Is lo disfranchise thorn as wolll
thoy havo , attaokod.  tho ,placv*j(>
whow» ttm qnn(fl*<nY**/i,i4fn*w>4< wn« th*
ft'ronirm't, thoy'hnpn to olthor-bont
thnRo mon into< humblo s..bmls«lon
or (Irlvo thom,out of tho county.. If,
thoy cnn break tho union ftt .theso
pliioofl nnd on mulish tho pnrd system,
thr>v <>M)t»ft tn «timl thn oloetlon l>Sr
tho help of tho Baldwin thugs na .hoy.
did In n number of, plncos cftf*, Cabin
Crook In 1010 and on thoy.oxpbc*yt("'
do riRnln Mils yoar. Thoro Is biitojll'
hopo for tho minors of this Stnto,' but
ono avonuo ot .oscnpo from, «V_toot
M&v_.-r> nnd n'llfo of fiiibinlHglW Mid
doRrndntlon, tyiitod ■ notion and'soil**
tlnrii., nnd a do'tormlnod fight^lone
cnn nnvo thorn.,   ;   .    ' . .' ;    " •
A Seattle judgo having deprived t
Rorirtiift «-it|jton',bf Ills Amorlcnn im--
tiinill/uiion pnpera, his ttollof In tho
3u.li-.U-.- i.l.itform and sUUmout. at
1 principle* i^ing iho ground for doing
ho, tin. R„rin||ftt pnrty will carry tbo
cane to tha highest court, If n«co»«iry-
to get th.,- doolildh rovorwd.     ■
.ii,'4,4-^/*- -
. \t--1.>
' .N.7
"•- ,/->Y,
:    - k-"-
:..:SyS^-y   "": y.y
Reasonable Typhis a
*     * -   .      ■■•*■* *i *     tv
.Apply,. ,-  ,  * ,\ ...
ED. ROYtE, Pianist, MICHEL
m. ■
■>- - >^*y
<i-' ^ycs'y^^y^'^:-y^yysy7.Syr:	
'• i' .»?• :'-_.'-""r*'k'1-.'- ' A-i*;'*"7';'.'-5 "-1
' ,-v-p
;AD^.; Goods;; Bdotsh?Sli6es y
*.AV;> Meh's'Furnishirigfs!    A
• •-* .'-   .-' '■■'- >r.., ?■ o," ,yyfy-'?7<-- h*
^ '" ,"■ .* yt /,,;. y:*; ;■: yy *7y' \\'\ ?7,
, , "Girbceries, Fruits ani,.;a.
""  "%<f„-,-"'"    '", ,--*.7-.>.t>- ».<I.Si- ,\ ."   -ft'-
y yy       Provisions     7 '-;-v-'
Bellevue, Alta.
"*v ■;.
.Wholesale and Betfdl.
,,. Barber Shop
.   T I t    * f        T
' ' "y A Baths/'?,?
.- " v. '*.
°,    Shoe Shine     7*
y^       a, >    -V,-  \
Billiards ahd_-P6ol_*
Coffee, and Sandwich
A   ".',- '  '"■'•" A ;--?•*.■*
. i'.'T-.
X. -B-tegKeri XT;H lirtlbl^ y
; '*'.',' '*■■';' J r*" -%"''■<*   ^Dealer "*in' • "A ;". -?\ > •"' "'"\S- '■
.*•-., ','      ■     '•      I, '       .•>*-.      ..',•> .        '*   .       -      ....        -•'',-'      .-
"     - ~y r- - V,A-',--    '-■•'    " -  \ --    ,    ''*   -   -     7:    '  •
i  Hardware,^.;,Stbve^,yvRanges--v7.'
■rFancy GoodsiaridAStatiori^ryA
•'-''-." ','..■..:-'      S'-    --■'.- -'*1'"<   ',   '•-■ '77   A*. .-V *'^7\ *'"*''
;BELtEyuE'^^' y, ?. ]'y^yyyx.y;.mett^.
lt»   _.*    Jr.*
Hillcrest, Alia.
* <f    .11.
- K" -    -1
. ,\ 1 -*.  - j
Clearf-:an-d Gdmfbrtable
; < a Tasty Meals
Choice Wihesf LiqiiOrs and Cigars
' H^yCUNNI_^GHAi»i[,- Proprieto^ -^S
<   , 7*"lf
"' ■ h
":' /Victoria; Avenue yf A5
FERNIE, B.C.;a; Phone 34^
'^, '■'. ■"'* -7,y ,  y '   '7*V 'i-V" .
• XfY&v
One of the
<\jj   .*?'?,'","./■• A
C/J. ECKST0RMV;   Prop,,
Lethbridge, ."AltaJ.fl
Electric Restorer for Men
PhOSphohol rei«or«i every rierva lq tho body
' , ,r* .Ilm'to iti proper tonoiou | rsitor._
ylinanilvitality, rntmnlurodecoy«ndalllexunl
wenlcneii uvirtednt once.* riw^phowol-wIII
m»k_ vou (jnew man. Price ■Bth6_..oi't«rfrii
fS, Uatla.1 in nnr nddrewf. TiiDSooueUbriifr
Oo„ Bt,-0»lli»rlneii Out. , .''i':*'  * *«■'
Por-Sato it Blaaidall't Oru'u^iBtofa
I ' -    ■     . ' 1' 1 ■ ' • *i.:    ..
Tho omployoos nt Tuoltott'i»vto'b(.cco
fnctory, Ilomlfton, Ont(/havo refolva.r
a voluntary Inc'ronw. lit wngoii.trom
tho company,        /, <■:,   *■ , ■'
\, **i "-',*'■ S ' * \
.' '    ■'   ..  .        -■   ^
,1. ;,-,ttt.i. J^rv'.-T V
^ -'   'v •.  -   -.if"   .„,   ; l-.j   ,.,   <   t
-syy-yyyyy'y ;'y
■    •>     '■     .;.,'. "-".,\'.',1., .. -'.^ - ... '«    ' \   ■■ :
,.   , . *   .'-    7 "i^fe - carry a full Hhe'bfJ.A SS,- s:.; - 7 -,:
Red Feather & Tartau Canned Goods
f-;*7 ■ :.?Satisfactipn.>guaranteed"'j or money back *;' X. * '•'
;; Phoiie' $$$.', y;^7 ;/%;|RranlcV Alta..- ■:
I.-       yy - »-   -  ■.-.'.-1 - >'• ,^-vi 1 « t-w,,.\   , x,,-   ,. * *• ,-*      . ,1
Special Sale of Flatware
Bone-handled Toa ,or.Dliin.or'Kitve8Aftt'$i(25 poAlU-ir doz. -,
1885* Wallace Bros.' Toai-or.Dlnner.knIv«B,V$2.00 per-half dos.. <■.
14 Doz, only Dinner, KnlvoB,;boflt,plato, "$1.75 .        ''-',•'   '?
%, Doz;, ,only, Toronto?'Bllvor ^lato ,>T«a 'Knlvos, $2,25., 7.,
i8f7,Bogora',Bro8. Dlnnor Knlvea, $2.00-por linlf dor.        ",
ttoBflra', Bent Plated Table Spoons dt'46o,,i,oooh.*-*' _■. f <.■ "-
Wm, Rogora and 8on7Tablo Spbona $1.75'per'halt doz. ■
1847/HoKorB* BroB.»Tablo Spoona, $2.75 por half doz, , ,
1847'RogorB'!,Bro8.'D«BB(.rt SpoonB$2.G0 per half doz.   ■ "<• -. ^"
- Tea and. Dlnnor Forka,' bost' plate', $1,75 por lial_ doz.
Wm, RoKorp* and Bon pinnor Fo^ks, $1,50 por/lmlf doz... -:.■■'
Wm? Rogora'and Son Al; Tea PorkB, $1,75; por half doz...." • * ',
*       "-.  ' _       '.     . M.I.'. " i *"    \       .       _ *'    '     ' '. ■ .     ' _
Arid Nothing, tout tho Bout Jn Fresh
and Smoked Moata, . ,Fr«i»h , and
Smokod Flih, Dairy Produco, Poultry
Etc. Etc., go to
Drv Goods. Men's Furnisinngs
and  Boots ind Shoes for all
i.    •'• .      -     •   . .   *..- '.*   •..  '     ' ,',   "   '.■■   .        .![     -. -.* >, ,      ' ',    "
i - iv , ' ,i •*.    -   ';    -'   - • v ... .'•■'...
Goods selected for use and sold at cost
Slater Shoes with the Union Label
""•,,''    V ' '   ' '',,'.'"
Western Canadian Go-Op. Trading Co., ^
■ COLEMAN, Alborta
y teys'7*' "^At-W:...-;..; 7
N r.* *.' -
I.-,,-' , -.
-yr'rAliA-HV'i'1* •'£«>. 7,jA<-..--, - ■ .,  r-=f-'rv "A- :-"-"*.H AA^-A-^^^AA-'-^'rr^' ^•^7?1;A.>.A^=iy,,__..
"-7^^"^y* ■<--».;  .AA^^'7^'7^7/77;A7'*.y7:^T.^Av^-- „   .,  'yy -yy'*y-7HJAA'
.yy7_;\^:*y ^-A-;y0'- Avat-"'*   --'   7;^->y-V-'^;A7y *?^7A 7     . ..„■■;,-—-- •;"Av3:|5;-iTHE ]
.  •': '•■.'7^* *_s.-f-'- ;r S-jr,--   -■• Ty«.; y-y^y ^Av-^?-'^   7     .. .yy^-.., v&v'_^£M**j
.^.j_.'„ , X*.
'-A,- —
-H,.<5-. .J_ »■
* v  ■■ r .a _,**_. ■*.
.A A
*-c- ■
.. .-   i'  \W t *
t y ,W}th>urin-l8lng^ tho,
radicals), andTthe' cpn'serratives' of'tho
•**■ press fall■ upon"the'actio'n-o|j"D_xIttfl
?" Stat*eai"Q_8trict?/Judge Haiifpr^oT'the
;State? otr Ws.Bhington»'ib'.cancellIng.the
7 7-'' 7 natural.zaitipiC papers' of ;Iiwriard,-ple-
--■'-      - son lieiauie^he '"admitted' that tie is
7^Spclail8t:,.A^,i.?* 7 A.?yAAA"-"»
i... i""Thero. seems to" bojsome uncertainty
[ •whether. Oleson Was deprived of -'.hia
citizenshipafterhis'naturalization had
/ %
y been-completed or^hotfcor^tt-V'docl-.
" s'sidn preventedrthevf_nal-step"s,toward
" naturalization',b«ing|ta__enV!, Bays-the
.*Springfield Republican'''(Ind.); "but,in
7- -eIther,_caWjudge. Hanford lias grossly
T 'abu'sedihis "power,* - -The same 'paper
A.iJoeB on." to Bay that' in case Oleson'
7 vwm "already"a citizen, the' ?_udge "has
'"^rhade.himself liable to impeachment,"
, "but that If the, other supposition'is
.true, "probably, nothing can be* done to
-   reverse'the actlbn.nfor tlie law on-na-
.vturalIzatlon-'.glvesv,-,,a -United States
fi'y-'-?;> Judge considerable latitude and dlscre-
'_, tlon' In determining ?each case'as. it
Acome's beforo.hlin.'? 7-1   .-A „
",7 It-appeara'-from'the,latest advices
-7 that, OleBoh'was actually deprived of
' 7. his cltizenshlp/af ter having been grant
';"' «d~a certificate of .naturalization?   "If
7„ Judge Handford"_» ama?zing_ruling wore'
y upheld,ItVwould. mean that a man's
\'citlzensjiip'Would be forfeited because
. of. J tils-; political >; opinions," notes' '-tbo
,NVwi*Yori_ Evening MalUProg/Rep'.j,'
' ?whic__ does not /'recall a more glaring
...Instance vof' judicial tyranny?.nor .one
'better calculated to[ strengthen the mo-
.yem'entjfbr the recall of judges.*'7'. '.'
..'Socialism grpwson-such iacid'ent's*/,'
y remarkB,the'Newc?york)Trlbune',(Rep.)
. 7-V_i_l the Phiia'delphla; North'-'Amerlc'an
-"  AtProg.-Rep?) .brands,it "ajudiclal ini-
, 7qulty.»7,'   *VA^  "'- 7-'''S\ -''-
US- 7
of-?the .c'o'uutry.'i., ? He1 ciaimed^tp^have
right,, b ut';;'a, privilege, ;'__nd? thejWasli-
lngtbn.. Times * dnd.) .'comeB'-'to^Judgo
tho \ following
.   .-,--,   vi"f._,*<?■
-)''";=.,.        "IbelieveJudgoHanfordshouU.be
y 'i;7 .impeached for?this-act,"-'declares VIc-
'"• 'J:7 tor .BergerASoclalls't' Oongressman." ■-
i .    ' j     > , * - . - v. - - * -
. ■,-•.    "   The Washington delegates, to r,the
'(.,'■" 77?Sociallst convention, in*sessldn.iin In-
J ■'"'   ' ^diaiiapolls, insist, according'to the cor-'
:7resporidB','that this "ruling is "t-ie'/be-
-Sginnlngof a. struggle' to. disfranchise
'flforeign-bom-cltlzens-\^pf- „ the .Pacific
Vvslop© .lijecaus'e of the growing strength"
j.'of .So'clalisirif there," aid, one dispatch
7  stateB that it is "accepted by the rank
.7_and,flle as the opening gun, of a "gene;.
, •*- ral campaign,against-Socialism in Ant-
y.e'rlca. '7^7 -SS 7.7' \    r.y ,.•:'.'
AJudge Hanford gives to the press*jtlie.
following'.statement''in defense of1 his
;ruling:.-: -;_,"•-•; -V,A-.';-">« '?A ,-A-' ";
luibwn5tll^''),y-7®ne,"o'Jtn articles,-'p&
priva'tipn-of* life;.'liberty,'* or. propwty
without 'due'process,of"law-is'tprbld-.
deh'iiarid- yet'the. evidence .introduced
in hisibehalt;pro^dy^aV-the)*party
with,which) he" Is affiliated and ?whosfe
principles"'he1 advocate's,,, has-rfbi*,* iW
of "property, rights In'thls'country."?.--,
1 "Ke expressed himsoltas'being Hill-.
lng,?fon people to' retain/their 'money,
but InsJBteing*?that* all *the land, liuild:
lugs, and.industriai institutions should
become'the common" property .'of all
the (people, .which" object is to" be attained, according to"hiBbelief, bjr-use
of the.power of the ballot,'and'when
that object shall have been attained the
political 'government. pf. thelscountry
will ' be"," entirely abrogated .because
there will be no use for it.'> " ',!?' *'
'."The notion: that citizens, of • this
country may absolve themselves" from(
allegiance to the. Constitution of, the
JJriited .States ?otherwise than by expatriation, Is a* dangerous heresy: The
nation, recognizing the principle of the
]a?w,"of_ self-preBervation, restrlctB the
privilege fpf becoming "naturalized; to
thooe-whose'., sentiments' are cofnpati-
ble'wtth genuine'allegiance? to the ex-,
isting^ g'ovewment,{asVdefihed' by the
path which they" are* required to take."
Those .who. believe in the?propagatipi_
of,;crude .theories, hostile to'the.Con-
stitution, are tiarred.',   '""y     ,* '7-
■   ~\, .   ,-'■       :   •  •  " '" ' ">'>■¥•'d .
*  ''In, order to secure-a" certificate of
riaturalizatlon he intentionally made re
presentations, to the court which' necessarily deceived the court, or,his,application "for naturalization ".would
have .been denied. \ -Therefore, by the
petition wWoh he.was'!required "to file.'
and his testimony? at the final hearing
ofrhis application, and-'by. taking the
yi,j- clalist,' a?frequenter. of Vssemblagea of
y ": 7- Socialists-, in.-wh'lch' he participates ..as
y.y 'a' .speakery advpcatlng,"* a"*-propaganda
P'.y; ,*y fbrradicai'changes^ in ? the" institutlpntt
oath which-was administered to him
in open"; court, ,he perpetrated a fraud
upon the United State's,* and committed
an offense for wjiich h'e.may.be punished as provided, by law.;,,'; The case,-
therefore,- cpme's7pl€arly.Tvithin" .the
provision?.Of theyiaw*-'requiring ■'"the
court tb'set aside and* cancel his certificate .of naturalization,, and it was so
decreed.""' - -'v-■"- " '?"?' 1 -.--"v- •'-'-'
y— .y " ^\;>y,*-',-!-■;' . .* . y.^
-.' This*' ruling",*-accordiTig tp^ a* dispatch
from" Washington,7D.C.^ ?is. entirely approved by officials'*1 of.thetdivision*of
riatti'r'alizatio'ri"; in -* the.,.Department _* of
Commerce'andLaborrwhp predict that
Court ia-'^ase; of - appeal.";'*, The Phila-*
(lelptia^Publi'c LedgerXind?*)Aand' the'
Boston.&hrlstlan Science,?Monitor"both
remind.-us that'naturaiization'..isvnot a'
.HanfordV defense -in
-words:... -, , : *..*■
« ^If.we understand the^case "cowectly?
,the; judicial action -..was not\talien-",be-.
cause,Oleson Vas "a?Socialist; b"ut;.be-
cause he announced himself opposed to
tho'-Cbnstitutlon and the'Institutions.of
'this?country,   '.      "S^t^-^^ijyy^
'. "Within-* the same ,weel_vnaturallza-
'tioii"'papers were refused* tot an-Italian
by^a-'New York authority-becauBe the;
applicant" said in event' of- a*.war'."bet-"
ween'this country and? Italy he: would
.take,!'up arms--against.'this*jcbuntry.
Yet nothing. was said * about* that /ruling. . .'".'A',   *    ,-*",'?/*■;-• y-7 7'-"-" ;
,-,''This nation must-always remain
the' asylum of the' prosecuted, the har*
bor of free speech? and' free thought,
but that does not carry'with", it the
proposition that* it-must, be made the
spawning ground of ideas* and parties
which, if permitted to grow? would dos-
trby'the' very institutions.whose?protection and freedom they now claim.
, "It a man-does hot believe In this nation,' its institutions,- and its flag, he
certainly has no business here, and
should not only be denied his naturalization papers, but he should be deport-.
ed."    .--.'A-' - '•' -* ' \ ':'. .
"'.''•. ' "r     •" ■      ' ■
', Turning again to £udge Hanford's
critics we find the New, York Evening
Post (Ind.) "remarking that;under.'hiB
ruling "an-"' applicant' for citizenahip
who believe Jn the popular .election of
TJfnited, States Senators, might be re7
jected because the Constitution provides, at present that Senators shall be el?
ected by., the:, legislatures." v, That: ho
went**beyond his jurisdiction,'says the
Buffalo" News (Rep.), .appears,- plain
"when onet compares the Sbcialistdoc-
trine with the general doctrine of th«
New.-,Nationalism"; .and the? Chicago
Record Herald - (Ind.), remarks - that
Olesmi 'has as much right to advocajte
Socialism ,as other 'citizens have" to
.advocate .the recall, of-judges and.de}
cisions, government railroads, the single'tax.? '-A-;', .?'/-. ySy-y - ,. 7 ■■
' Other editors remind us that" nearly
half a million' Spcialfst' citizens cast
tlieir votes in.the.las ."presidential "eiec.
tion; that a'Socialist sits in the n'a tlonal. Congress;, that there are more .had'
.thirty'Sociallsts sitting Jri the various
state* legislatures; and, that "Socialists have been:or are'.maydrs"of'many
of oui*'cities.-; ""*■. A7 '*.     ,     *** »   '
Judge? THanford,', says the Milwaukee
Leader j(Socialist)v"h*as overshot- the
mark.". And the 'New^York Call, anothor* So<.ialist7orgar_Abbserves:;   "7
"Every recent'decision or tne courts
shows the tendency is more'and*mpre
to. restrict the.V_giit"of- honest,thought
and honest utterance,'' andv to protect
property.7,"J77-? 7;„- .,"-,-. ' - -.
action of Judge'.Cbrneiiu'-.Hanford, of
Seattle,' In'annulling^.the?"citizenship
papers of Leonard*1''Oleson1- on _th«
the-I. W. W.; that he does npt'belipfe
property which is'-social in its nature
should remain • private' property . arid
utilized for -the, exploitation'of'wage-?
workers; that.he is':in favor of "revis*
ing1 the Constitution*'of the "United
States, and that'-he is "a Socialist 7
■7'He'might ,have been in favorj of
militia murder, as-it has' been'-'com-
mitted in Lawrence arid in the Pentis-
ylyanlan coal fields during the ,past
few months; 'J He might have been
enthusiastic "for the" depriving of citi-'
zens of their right" bf habitation and bf
public utterance, as has beenthe case'
in San Diego. But his outspoken an-"
nouncement.that he desired a change
in the Constitution; and .that He wished
social robbery, to, cease through the
acquisition by society of the means of
production constitutes a heinous crime
in the eyes of Hanford. '    "''•
[ "And Hanford is a judge, with "enormous power and doubtlessly with" the
backing of all those'- elements which
seek to brand-as crime any "criticism
of, or opposition tb, social crlmo." .
The Philadelphia North American recalls the fact that Judge Hanford was
once hanged in effigy by his fellow
citizens because of the unpopularity of
one of his rulings in a case, of a street
railway company, versus the people of
Seattle. And- in a Seattle dispatch to
the New York Sun we read:
V'Judge Hanford.has bnen on the
Federal bench ever since Washington
was admitted Into the "Union. His enemies say,in contests of a public nature coming before blm he has invarl-
aoly decided against the people. ' it
was Judge Hanford who attempted to
blpck the-recall bf Mayor Gill, of Seat-
tle'on the ground that„the Council did
not Include.the cost of election.about
to.be held,In the regular budget passed
months before."—Literary Digest. -•
\ ft-ir    Dni.llrii,   n_.Ii.mn\.
; Our Poultry Coliinm
»(-¥yVV¥VWf ¥»=¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥»»¥¥»¥
■By "Quill."
grounds that the latter ls'.a.memher of
A- Department of- Church and Labor, was inaugurated several years ago
and-put in charge?- of Rev. Charles
Stelzle. This has been sustained at
a "cost of $30,000 a year,-, and for the
past? two years ,Mr. SteMe has had
free'use~of a plant'in New York City
valued at'$200,000.. *' This experiment
has~riow proven itself a failure. ■ Mr.
Stelzle will.-withdraw from his po.iK
tion as superintendent of the Labor
Temple? ;ind?his successor .will be appointed, ■ - Some other form-of winning-
labor for the church must be devised."
—The'Advance, (religious weekly).'.    .
Tlie above item * throws off',, the
mask? y The church never, apparently^
pushed, its Labor'Department to help
labor ■ solveyits problems, but rather
to ".win' labor'' back to the;' church.'.'
A' church*,rim.- on' the ' teaching ot
"3 ^iTT-hlTtilnTleatrwoulcThave "little
difficulty iri working with labor, but a:
church run on the contributions of big
capitalists can never again attract the,
working' class.—Roland D.' Sawyer.
- -y * PERCHES. '
Just a,word on perches. If you ar«'
in favor bf the heavy varieties, I would
use* fiat'perches, but for light breeds
round-perches?are the best . Whatever you do'don't-put the perches too
higli; • 18' inches will .do. , If they are
placed higlienthe*birds are apt to*injure not only the breast bone, but the
feet-a_T well: - Many a good bird has
been ruined siinply from being allowed to fly down ;frorii a high perch ti
the hard, ground: , ' *
, ' -* ' DISEASES ;
4 I have met, quite, a few who are
having trouble just at this time with
their chicks. And the reason is pot
far to seek. It is. just neglect. Tho
chicks are suffering with gapes.
, Gapes is caused by what Is commonly known as the gape worm,' and
which generally attacks chicks from
three to .eight weeks old.o ., The sym-'
ptoms are gaping arid opening their
mouths as if gaping for breath, and
later on,they cough and sneeze as they
stand, about in the run, continually
gaping until they get weaker and
weaker, andJn a few days death puts
an end to their sufferings. There ls
no doubt'that .these gape .worms are
picked up by the, chicks on "damp
marsh ground, or from.drinking stagnant water, particularly Inx warm weather, for It Is a well-known fact that
where the ground is dry gapes are
practically unknown; but, as I said before, they are most prevalent where
the ground, is-damp, yor where ttie.
ground ,1s damp, or where the chicks
have access.to pools of water.
The?treatment lies in getting rid'
of'the gape -worm from the trachea,
and in-preventing the birds from obtaining .-more.'     One of tlie most effectual'remedies   that   r know of is
to confine .the birds into a lined bas-
ket'or'small box' with a lid on and
puff'clouds^ of strong tobacco smoke
in.",  I'll lthe box-'br, basket with dense
smoke* until  the   chicks   cough  and
sneeze repeatedly; keeping a sharp eye
that none' absolutely choke.
*_ While there'is no* doubt that-ticks
and gapes in.the course of the season carry off "more chicks than all tile
other diseases put'together, the most
serious-disease that chicks are liable
to; and more: especially  during the
early sumnief is enteric,' which carries
off .thousands' annually. ,   In the- ma-
jority* bf.cases.it Is'caused   by   the
birds  'drinking-- sun-warmed * water,
June23th FXNIRITION *° <*»** 5
C^sh  Offered for Prizes of $42,000
y   013,000 Attraction Program
Including Jimmy Ward with
: a Curtis Aeroplane and the
Famous Navassar Ladies'
Military  Band
Four East India Elephants and
many other features of merit
Exhibition Entries Olose June 15th
I. S. G."VAN WART Pri" L,Bt «d'Entry  Forms
*  ' from  E.  L.  Richardson,  Mana-
PreSident 0er* Victoria, Pk., Cal-jary.
place, generally 'near the drinking
fountain. ""
. The excavations or droppings ar«
thin, frothy and yellow in appearance.
Towards .the later stages' of the disease the chicks stagger about with
half closed eyes, and in another day or
two die off.    *   i   ,  ,    *  ■ °
Next'to enteric, the most serious
disease' that young chicks are > liable
to is Diphtheria • after that liver trouble, -cold" and croup, but it would take
up tootmuch room to go into details.
However, if any fanciers want a remedy lor'any of-the" above or-for any
other information on poultry, ."Quill"
will -only, be too pleased to give it."' ■
-And-now I think I have told pretty
well all that there is' to tell about the
various ailments and troubles' which
are almost certain to be experienced
in chicken rearing at some time^or
other, and If the readers of the Ledger
.will-only pay attention'to-what I have
'said the troubles hitherto experienced
can,-in a very great measure,-be done
away, with and chicken . rearing become quite a pleasurable hobby.
(Questions must be sent to the Ledger Office or no answercari be given.).
The Ingredients of, Magic Baking
Powder are plainly printed j on each
package. The makers of'the numerous alum . baking powders never do
this, but they have been known, to
print the words "No Alum" on their
labels. This Is no guarantee—it is
fraud. See that all ingredients "are
. The New, Brunswick legislature has
increased the indemnity under tho
Workmen's Compensation Act from
¥1,500 to $2,000.
A Woman of
Few Words
drainiugs from,manure heaps, while in
other,cases^it'has* been caused by giving unsoundAnAtairited foods. The
symptoms generally, are. ruffled plumage and a disposition to stay in one.
John J. Breen, a prominent citizen
of Lawrence. MasBachusels.-a-member,
bt the, school board,1" has been found
guilty by a.jury in the-Superior Court
of planting dynamite .to, bring discredit on the late* strike of the Textile,
Workers.    ,   ~
"" Mrs. Harry B. Bye,    Main   Street *.
North, Mouth Forest, ■ Ont, - writes:
"Your remedy for kidney/bladder anil
stomach, trouble has-given me great"
relief.     Have taken three boxes and
now feel like living and better than I'
have felt for years, and I give your
j       * "7.        •. .
all the praise, for they are the best I
have ever tried.'
have~evei"trie"df'■"-f    ""*      , - ' **"
At all dealers, 25 and.50.cents, or
The Fig Pill  Co., St. Thomas, Ont..'
Sold in Fernie, at McLean's Drug and
Book Store.  . ,' 7 ,   ,
/ <
I   ,   M •
* - &... i
The Freight Tertinhiis of the C.P.R. and the Canadian Northern
rIhe * clearing point of -flie PaiSi&o ■ Cpd.s.tV
The city to fill a need. ■;■*   ' •-'■L'v"!'a       .■■.■'•',■' ■   ■
The city possessing more natural advantages,and commercial
possibilities than any other Pacific Coast port.
A city where "Rail meets Sail," therefore a City of absolute
qertainty of its future.
•I -,<   »*a-
,*--   I5oteftitS;'spleiidid The logical position as the gateway to the Orient and tho Panama Canal for
half the Continent of North, America and all Europe, standing as the  Terminus of 10,000 miles of railway lines as tho Western out-
;let(of Caiiada's best cities. .'PORT ALBERNI destined to. becoriie tlie commercial rival of Vancouver and its industrial superior.
A Port vritli an Average Depth, of 300 feet
k v.- ..■      ,     Large Residential Lots 33 x 133 and the alleys in the rear of all good drainage and unexcelled viow.
*      *       '," > *___■' ____■ il
rf ice of bOts soOu' s_.ss.-a s*±o^
The Union Land Company, Limited,
$300 and $450
.. .-v. -J*.
'A ' :c
""••A--7-*. y   -i -•'-"• 7.7-... y /»;.-_ *
,. FERNIE, 7 b. C.yJUNE 8,1912..
 -       'V   ■ ■ '
'.Published every Saturday morning at its off ico,
: Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0.   Subscription $1.00
.per year .in advance.    An. excellent. advertising
yi-iedium.   Largest circulation in the District.   Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
7 for=the execution of all kinds jot bookyjob and
/ color work.,. Mail orders-receive special*attention.
"~ Address all communications to The District Ledger.
■'■."* ■      H. P. NERWICH, Editor?
hTelephone,No, 48."7*'       Post Office Box No? 380
l1 is interesting to notS that some of the newspapers on the prairie are championing. the
organizing of the farmers. They "want to see the
farmer get1 better returns on his produce, because
they evidently believe it mean's better times for
them too. The Pincher Creek Echo has the idea
that this should be a sort of dictatorship, and editorially they sny:
• •'And the path leading to this dictatorship is
l.oth easy and plain—and only ohe step at a time.
The first step is to seek out the nearest local of
the*-United Farmers of Alberta and become a paid-
up member. "With every farmer enrolled the exe-
cutive of the-above organiation can go to Ottawa,
knowing full well that their demands "will be perforce auceedcil to by "the legislators- of tlie country." . '      .     ' "     "'   . '
■* . _ i
This question of the farmers .organizing during a
time when we are continually, assailed with the
extraordinary, prosperity of the farmers must appear somewhat strange to those who look to this
country0as a sort, of paradise for those who work.
The farmers are realizing that they do not receive
:- tlie full value' of their toil- and have discovered
that individual action iu tlieir case is just as ridiculous as the same mode'of action by tlie .workers
in other industries. Organized effort is now
taking hold of the agriculturalists and in Western
Canada We find the Grain,Growers' Association-
, 'and-the .United Farmers of .Alberta preparing to
wrest from the plutocracy a more.equitable share
of] the values they create.     In the United■ States
.rwe find the fruit growers'formed into associations
- for. the- marketing of their products, and the same
.- system of organization is'taking place in .-British
Columbia. , .       .','.,.
'be very' com'frirtable,- and' the- reason, that' he' produces more than he actually-requires-for his* own.
personal household' places-him 'amongst,those who
have commodities tp, dispose''of.A,He.is 'not situated
right in the centre- of industrial development;, arid
still he performs socially necessary, labor' which prevents his being isolated, from so'cial^deyelopment.
He-is a worker—a wealth producerA-Vand like the.
rest of the workers. he-is discovering lie is. not receiving the social yalue.of his.lab'or.', - jS ' ."'}
The farmer,has",been7wont?toAconsider "himself
a distinct commodity from ijie^niechanic and laborer, and has riot'yet?,realized .that he.is just as
much a wage worker as those directly engaged in
industry under" capitalist- development. , The nominal ownership "of his piece of land aids this delusion-and hides the controlling power of capital.
"When the farniers understand the law of value and
the process by which'they are fobbed of the surplus value they create, then will they see clearly
that their-interests are bound - up with'tliosc *of
the rest of the''workers and they 'must unite with
them to change the economic foundation upon
which. present society is based. Production for
use instead of for profit appeals just as forcibly to
the farmer as to the rest of the workers, and there
is'no doubt that their addition"-tp]'the ranks of organized labor .will have a far reaching effect on
the political expression of the,people of "Western
Canada in the very near future. ;',-,"
That thev United Farmers of Alberta aro realizing their identity'of .interests with the rest of the
workers' is evidenced, by , delegates being appointed* to'attend'the conventions,of various labor
organizations, aud the labor bodies sending delegates ,to attend* tlieir conventions. " This, cannot
but have the" effect of clearing' away the old prejudices existing in the minds of those who are not
brought together so closely as tbe workers on the
industrial field, and when ,they unite on the political field' what will happen ? • This is *a question"
that will cause the old .party-politicians some uneasiness, especially "when it is observed that these
same farmers are studying questions of economics
—the ''dismal science!' that even our own provin-'
cial representative acknowledges being - ignorant
about. Organization is the secret of modern progress and 'that the farmers are lining* up to assert
their position amongst the .wealth producers of the
country is an extremely .significant phase in-the
development,of "The Last Great West."
i" * Two ''.more gameB\yero%playeh;':In'
this" competitidn.^'cin. Saturday ■'laat.
June 1st. NAThe local? Derby "resulting
in an easy.win .for Coal *CreeT_,\who
emerged ■ victorious' by- the? tall .score",
of 4'.goals'.to; 1., y FernieNerithusiasts
think their j side? had hard;, iuck/yVnd'
express? the. ."opinion,, that""their*: team
should, have the? points. -?,*7y A"i7.
** Belleviie-.overcame the Coleman op"-'
position"*and 'now''top 'Uio table,?belng
•_wo points ahead of Michel, "and have
the distinction-of..being the only, undefeated team \in the ■ League. ,y ?"'-,-
\-T'»7       *--'.-,..*      *      *.'■«.-.        -,'.0        ,;
.,.The,.position/of, the' different clubs
on/the'League-'table is as follows:
y' ■ --■'. '' 7 *   A '""Goals '-' .-
*      :'
for,a"gst. Pts
Bellevue ...
L  7.
-r   1*
—   2
Coal * Creek.
— ,"2 ,
Coleman •*.. *.
' _r
—  ,4
Fernie  *...
' .4
— LO"
—   9
' 0
Two points for
a win and
one for a
u. ',-
, *
Results of June
1st Games:
, Coal Creek,*,
i; i
-:—'^-"xi.-.7j.ii-niuiiaiiiai-_\;i J5ajii/^ai.-Uii^_oO"iJr"Lilc-o|jii\.ic~uj._
agricultural development, the effect is to crush,out.
the middleman and solidify the opposing forces in
- the line-up for the .inevitable struggle that must
take 'place over the distribution of surplus value
created by the workers and endyed by those who
control tlie means of life.    •
Those who champion the cause of'the farmer arc
„ prone to exaggerate the position of* those, who till
the soil, and boldly assert that "The farmers can
prove that iliey are backbone of country.''   Now
this is only,partly true, and whilst it,may have
held good at. a certain period of development it is
not so widely applicable today.    "The backbone"
of all countries is in'those who do the useful work,
, and imso far as the farmers perform work useful to
' society they .constitute one part of "the backbone;"
-' but inasmuch ns a part is not equal to the whole,
«it is evident,tlmt tho farmers cannot in thomselvos
' be the "backbone."
•'"" Tt .nuKt ahvnys be borne in mind whon discussing
present day development that commodities are pro-
■ tluccd socially, and that ns a conscqucnco the vari-
.ous divisions of labor are closely intor-reiated, and
that however important a certain branch of labor
may be it is so only in relation to tlio sum total of
all human activity. Without tho- great advances
made in industry Uio. Ipt of tho farmer would not
N^OW ,tha't the first .two money, by-laws have
been turned down, and as a consequence the
improvements? intended "to be carried out shelved,
most of.the citizens are asking themselves—that is
ihose who are" not "kicking themselves—"Why they
did riot vote. True it is that two very useful sums
have been voted for much^needed improvements,
and-further;" it is also true that the credit of'the
city is not robust, but it'is passing strange that
the one particular improvement from which the
■    if ">     _
Council claims   a   surplus revenue   is
should have been turned down!
'We must confess that we are neutral in the matters of this kind,' which should in all cases be decided by the majority of all thc ratepayers and inhabitants of the city, but it is certainly' remarkable
that out of six hundred' (about) votes only jsome
eighty-seven took thc trouble to visit tho poll.
In the first place we are .compelled to ask—How;
many, citizens woro aware of'tho fnct that the
polling whs to take placo on May 27th?' Granted,
all should have known; .but was sufficient publicity given to the fact? Havo the City Fathers discovered how to "advertise" these events? ' Tf they
have, and the poll is a, truo expression of opinion and of intorest in theso matters, then it-.can
scarcely bo taken as an expression of "confidence"
in tlio present Council. If howovor,- and wo are
inclined to accept this version, it is a case of not
sufficient' notice ov advertising, then it should
be a gentle reminder to tho wiseacres that if thoy
aro really anxious to'got their measures through
thoy must got n fow wrinkles on how to advertise*
League games for Saturday, June
8th are:   *     ',     '"■■*. y
Coal "Creek vs. Bellevue.
Fernie .vs. Michel.       - ' \'
.» To" be played" on*ground .of'-'first-
named* club.    A        - r-<   "~ . "
■-.    -,..*' -i* *  » /:. -' .-_:
- r Coal Creek vs Fertile
' This game was played at Coal Creek
and on account of the mines being, idle
quite a number'of Fernie supporters
journeyed "to Coal Creek* to boost for
their side..  A . 7  1"    7
.Coal Creek—Banns; Parnell.and Mc,
Letchie; Yates, McFegan and John-*
ston; ' Oakley, y Gomme" McFegan,
Nightingale and Pattersoiy        . '• S
.Fernie: Cooper;-"Whit'elaw and Manning;'-- Mills, Howden and Sweeney;
Boothi - Joinson, Thornton," Barr and
Hartwell. Referee: Arthur Wellington; Hosmer. * -  .,   ' -       "".
E'ernie won the toss and played with
the, wind and sun behind them. Play
was fast in the opening stages, Fernie
being' the-better' side, their forwards
playing well, * together. ' After twenty
minutes'-play Pete Joinson placed the
ball in the net, and the referee awarded a goal. ' This point"was vigorously.disputed by" Coal Creek, who .contended that' the, ball had passed outside the goal post and'entered the net
by a break--in' the side. -The referee
adhered to-'his' decision and' allowed
Cnnmovo.'Altn., May 30tli, 1912.
To tlio Killtor DlHtrlct LodRor.
Dear Sir,—Tho nrllhih law Ia woll
carried oul in Cnnmoro ns ovlilonrcd
by tho fow rnnoft In tho pollco court
on W'odnoBdny, Mny 20th.
Thoro woro n numbor of men wait-
liil. to hour tlio proceodln*.*. of tho
court. As tlio court was Rolnp. to bo
opened nt fi p,i.l„ wo nil rushed In so
na to Kot n oont, but tho pollcomnn
slioutoil "(lot out, tho court Ih not
oiion yot. . . , " Aftor' nbout flvo
mlnut-oK ho enmo out nnd Bold: "I do-
"lino this court Ih open In tho nnnio of
llvo KIiiij. . . .'■
HIh  "lionlslilp,"    tho    JiiHtlrri    of
prnre, wns spatort nnd n ploco of pa*)-
or wim hrinri-'il tn   hlin by tho jiollrr..
Ti<nn, out of which ho rond out tho foi
lo wim. nniiK-s:
-   Joo Hdirllmr?—Ans.:   lloro!
l'Yi.d lvcullt!—Alia.-.   Hove.
nnd fosts dr your dog will lie (lijuiroy.
fi\ lor tho first offense, and If (lio
pollcomnn s«cb your dog running nt
lnrgo uftor this you will bo punishod
according" to law."
Joo Schrlbnr ual.ct1 how much lio
lisul tb pay altogothor and was told
. ...ft. Tlio monoy wns pulled out
nnd pnld. Tho J, P. nslcod If tho ichI
'vpnlotl to pay or hnvo tholr dogn i\w.
tvoyort, to which thoy replied: "Kill
'oni!     Kill •out!   I no pny,"
(Joo, I.rnpnlcii wiih clinrnoil for cult-
Iiu. somo Ri-ron flalilm. polos, bit IiIh
iIiku wnn dlsmlHROd nH lio lind cut tlio
polt'R on tho compnny'H land.
Tlio following dny John I'otornol
brought his dog to tlio pollcomnn to
Ui bhot, ami it* tlm pollccum.. wiih
(lniKKlng hlin on tlio othor Hldo of thn
burn to shoot him, ha got nwny, nnd
thn polloomnn trlod to nhoot tho dog
but mluBO'l, As I was ]>iti>»lug tho
pollco bnrniel.i- thoro woro two hoyii
Htnndlngjjy wntchlng tlio pollroninn. I
KuosH Hip policeman ennnot see wry
str.ilf.ht this morning.."
John I'otornol7—A«h.:   Hero!
Htuvo JitrliniiT~-»oniO||Otio snld "Not | *•■•■'• u> •"« *."»»'•   **'wu lvt u'" ««
itiiit,'.'"      ...un t_iu  poik-eiuivii ca.iuii   U/ " "•«*'■ i''"1- *"*" '••'-' ^'l'i- •'>■" ■•
twice "Sieve Slrlum!" but no ono ro
Tho J, I*, afilioil Joo (.clirlhnr; Hnvo
.ou « dog?-—Ych.     Doos ho run at
i.f|l-<  .'--.Ml'.
|| Tho iinllromtn Interrupted, saylnc:
"f would llko to Klvo my ovldoncol"
Tlio J. P, f.nvn him tho Holy "Hlhlo,"
villi li <mik lylnf. on tho tnblo, saying:
" n»o < v'dencp you, »hall jrlvo |n :h!f
<-"* .s'.)H he •hf'1 truth, fho Ynhn'"
Unt' r.nd notlilni. but tho truth, ro
iK-lp riK- lo-l" Tlio pol^oniiu Tff*i»,f1
(lie book and hM: "Trxlny I noticed
four doRi junnlng after a toam of
homes, whleh I eould Identify, and
they »ert» .Too SehTlhar'r. Froil Poo-
t-!V*« -Mifl Jc,H VtUrntY*,
Tr* f  .», inUl to ,lti* ttrhrthnr-
•»\«l> let y« off ■»M» payh»; ?:.«')
To the IMltor, DlHtrlct U'dgnr.
Dear Blr,-~Sovoriil good »port»mon
linvo been perturbed, nnd rotuonnbly
no nt tho pronpeetii of tho floalnff of
I.Uxard Crook to fishermen. Tho pro-
went rnvnorn. who I undorotnnd b/tvo n
t'rown (_nint nnd oro Blinnjilng a ml
lireaklng the land, and fencing samo,
haling decided to close Uto fithlng
r!r,UU for the present to cnablo tho
fiih to Improvo In alxe.
fn eonverdatlor? with thfl Proildent
ot tho i\cnU> Jlot] and Dun Club (Mr.
Hurry Ilcrchmor) tho other tiny I
lonrnod thnt ho hnd xhndo nrrangc-
monts whoroby tho proprlotors ngroo
to recognize tho membership cards of
llio Gumo ProlootorH' AhhocIiUIou, and
to grnnt permission to momborfl of
namo to IIhIi tho creek.
lOvory Bjiortsiiinn, I fcol suro, will
ipi'iwlnto tho offortB of tlio ProBldont
of this UBoful nBHoclntlon In obtnlnlng
this concession, nnd It Ib up to nil who
riBhoi'iiion lo Hoo-ilirtt thli. prlvllogo Is
UBod'iiml not nbusod,  ,
It Ib lin.ortiimitoly n well known fnct
Hint iriuny,, iinslzeublo flnh linvo boon
Iiiltcn from thin crock (which tlio
(lumu I'rotoctorn' AnbocIiiUoii mocked
with nbout ilfi.OOO npinvn somo two
)i>n\n ngo) uml (tint noun. IndlvldualB
luivii used (lyiinmlt.- nud Hmo to bo-
euro flsli ln tho IioIoh of tlio atroam.
Thorcforo, It Is poBtdhlo thnt tho no.
Hon of'Uto owncrti nmy bi> In .the b«Bt
Intornntu of opart.
Tlio Oovoriiniont trail to Island Lako
nud around the mountalna,. will, . of
tuurBii, ij«. /vup. tJi^u, .tut. cxcuBionu.a
will, ob horotofore, bo ublo to toko tho
hike to thc cabin without fear of tre*-.-
Whllo on the uubject of sport, Mr,
ISdltor, 1 friioiild like lo hear tho opinions of your renders on a gun nnd rod
tax of $3'por annum, for I fool «uro
thnt thoro nro mnny cnthusta'atlc nnd
real »po*;t«nicii nmuug tho rondurs of
tho l-cdgor who, while thoy would recent anything Ir. the _il_.\po of "prc-
rej-. Iny"' tho Knme «m in tho old land,
itUi   V-l-Ol'U   CllliU^'.;   Ul   l.ltirtl.l/.*.*.   Uuit
-tomotlilnK will have (o bo dono, nitd"
dono very -i|ulchlj*. if «■<• are to pro*
f./ff th« gamo In tl.-o K»st Kootonay.
TlinnWng .ou lu -tuiUlpailou,
Youris for eport,
5*. II.'W.
the .goal. 7-'After ,thisi reverse Coal
Creek played'with renewed vigor and-
pressed^ther'visltbrs withinttheir own
half for some time. -Fernie defended
well, but latterly, the ball was center-,,
ed'from the* right;'Manning spooned
his kick and Gonime" and McFegan
rushed the ball Into .the net,; Cooper
making an ineffectual effort to clear.
This goai gave the Creek every confidence, and in a few-minute's. Patterson from' the left scored a flue goal,
Cooper having no'chance-* to save.
Even play followed during the remaining portion of this half, and no
further scoring took placo, Coal Creek
leading, at tho interval by 2 goals to 1,
- On the resumption of , play Coal
Creek wore early aggressive, bolng assisted by a strong wind which had .Increased in volume as the _jamo pro-
grossed. Aftor fifteen; minutes play-
thoy .scored a third .'goal,- Patterson
again being tho scorer.,; . End to end
play followed, tho' dofonco" on either
side being strong, ' McFegan, with a
long drlvo registered a fourth goal for
his sldo. This . point Bhould havo
beon saved by Cooper, ob ho had lots
of tlmo. Fornle woro now a beaten
team and Coal Crok had the .host of
the play to tho cIobo, and ran out
wlnnora by 4 goals to 1. 7
- Tlio following team has been picked to represent Fornlo In tho Fernio
vb, Mlchol gamo on Saturday.
■ A, AdaniBon; -Shields and Whltolaw;
Mills, Bnrr and M. Whltolaw; Booth,
Swconoy, Manning, Joinson nnd Ilart-
woll. First roB.: 13. Thornton; 2nd
Hoa,:  llowdon. <>■
" I-1'ieBmi.ii:   T. Cllmlo.
Team to bo on tlio flold nt 0 p.m. "
;but chickens
"sometimes", in
"-At this timeUhe',C7P75R.rrexcurBi6n;
train arrived from'Mic>e)?-Hbsmer.'"and;
Fernie..  ' Over- seyen^bundredf. people
arrived with,, this' train.'^abo'utAfive
rh'uhdred from Fernie alone? With''thi^
train- 'came   Michel .ball •. tearij ,w|tb-
seyen imported*players*from''"While-;'
,fishpMontana,yand-theyv were^drawn
to play Waldoi. who" had-three,-players"
from Spokane, asiiljurbof Hillyard/iri.
•Washington.; VThis'.^was ?■ theA. JbeBt
matched' game of;;,the ."day _and'>was
won. by' Michel, 5 - to *3.- leaving.^Elko
and Michel to play for^ the* '"cWcta-miff
or, as Jim Thistlebeak sald,£this game'
is for blood between. ElkoY^Kallspell,
and. Michel, Whitefish.yrGiis^Tfeomp;
son "piit young'-TreckalV pitching'^nd
Whitefish,wa's idefeated,6 -t&£; Gus
Thompson,conceding this for?the'sake
of Old Montana, and,the love* he'^had
for "Goins."    They, we're.three of?the
best ball games'ever, played in7the
Crows-Nest Pass. .The official .umpire,
rMr.„Tom Whaleii- of "tho-.vNapariee,'.
Ferrile, proved as* of yore,, that he is
a past master at the game and gave
universal satisfaction'to.,every -team
that played.   - Space* forbids us going
into every detail of these events, but
the trio from Kalispell, every one?a
Chesterfield, won* the long green' for
Elko and made fast friends while some
peoplo would   be   getting acquainted'.-
The races were pulled off after dinner.
Tlie.openhorsoVaee,,'wit_i horses from
Michel; 'Fertile, Elkmoiith, Fort Steele
and Roosville.'Tobaccd "Plains   was,
won by Sitnkls,-Tobacco -plains, the
Fernie "stable 'taking''the'second prizes
The open pony.'race;, was.: won''by
Michel stable,'.the,'stock saddle race'by,
Tobacco' Plains, the squaw pony'irace
lst.and'2nd-.both", vent to FortSteele?'
■  -The foot7race's?V'sack 'races ' and
minor events were shared among the"
visitors.    ,7  . .•    ",-''*■"" ,n  v. ? y/-
The Indians .wrestling on'horseback
was well contested arid'very interest-
ihe- and both'prizes were won by Fort'
Steele* IndlaliB/;_. The -squaw foot .1 ace
was well, contested *and .record time ■
made, 9 34 seconds!,       "   '"     .'•''-
. Tho -greatest ''drawing card of the-
whole celebration" and 'the- most in-'
teresting from; a?, spectator-point of
view was tho Indian War-Dance'and
Pow'Wow, participated'in'by fifty Indians and squaw-p'   . The procession
marched'from thetireat Northern Station, 'down College Avenue to Main
Street, while.the famous Italian Band
from Fernie, filled the'air wi*th' strains
of most 'seductive, entrancing-" music."
The Indians" taking * part; were/magnificently * dressed,   and',1- resplendent
with'A-the-' glittering *:jewels7* from
■Tobacco Plains. '   Never.since the'fa-*'
mouB  Bradley Martin .-Hall  in  New*
^tfwi'^CAW-"" t- AT'W.'-rA^^A^^>/^y^,i^.^-*'Y y^,
'   *   fSi ■ v*' ^ ^,r*   m^l        «-    __r '   * *■ j. ___L^      A'_   ♦■» ■ *   •^'.-.'*-c-;*-   *i   .ilif^'i 1 —a****-*1     *■•{ -•    *     * '  «*
iy.\- ■\--yiy?. .-.->,>*t^Ui--,-; syA<_- *".•;«■? ?V-?-? * a 7
™Sfe?_:.'_."'--i,','.-Ki*jitV '"."' W mf-W^k''^ \m-'^%.'-. "."-.'■"
"y* *"*-*'-i ■ i-..«
_._* * v .-V" j-
M.-7- --t;"*_.--:
■ ■ - i^'-tz .?yy •.
/^-* -.•-,..
""■■A' i'.-*7
"'      ' . * '   ""-n   -'.'". 7' ''    ' ?      ■'*  ??**      «"      *«*     7i  '*        *'''-"       ,-    **"''    -
a . \' y ■ > ■ • ^iidv BeAHappVA t- *#" > -
>     -   '  V"?*     -    " • **?   '" ?'   «,"*'•'*   ^ -1-7-       ** '' o     i,"s ;*>.*J *.   s■_.'_,_. *J 1 tu"*NX-f",
A   -\-THe:;H6ifiV^^ : r?
■?7 f-"',•,_'   .-A v.--..*-   ': .-  ,     ■■y!    P. :-V-'**    ' -* 7 ■*.'■'    '-- 7
.   '    -     -       ' -     '-"7 y_;.;  '   '       "       11 n'1    * • .1,
By Fred Roo.     ' ',
Elko's Vletorin Day Colobrntloti blg-
gOHt BiiccoBB In tho history of tho
town, Tlio day was nil that could bo
doalrod nnd everything .mse-oil off nn
Binooth im n Woilnoflday ovenlng prny-
or mooting,, For novoral days boforo
tho 2-llh lmiidH of Indintia hnd*boen
coming In from tho different reservation.) and pltehod tholr toopoos on
Point I-otchor wont of tlio Groat Northern Depol. '
Tlio first oxcuralon train to nrrlvo
in a,;.!, wim from Craubrooh, an/'
'/.Uut.^Ja W.11.01H (ruiu H'a. .»u*ir, J*t
tr&y and (Jalloway, Tho Great Northern nrrlved from the eouth about 0.3-5*
bringing In about flvo hundred pooplo
from (Intowiiy, FinuBtono, Dorr, Krag,
Si*>u« a.tu rrti.iuniu- .v..;.-rifei. \t»bA'v>
on tho "ncautlful"!) Tho Waldo.
Elko.and Wnrdnor ball team* bolng
on tho grounds drew for play, • And
Klko nnd Wardnor wont to tho Diamond, Wnrdnor had Bovornl Imported players from Cranbrflnk unit flpo-
paint (heavy on ,tti^ paint) and feath-
e*i-s been."seen*;;fifty, performers dazzling, with ■ gorgeousnes?. .stupefying
and miraculous in 'its revelation of
beauty. ' For fully one*hour, these?In"-,
"dian braves danced while six of their
champion left handed drum soloists
beat the torn torn, relieved.* at "short
Intervals'by twenty of real live,'flower-bearing, fairies' ih their pow wow?
To describe "the,'' costumes \ worn ,by
these'Indians rit their celebration beg-',
gars the English language and'the human 'Imagination falls faint and feeble-
before tho Herculean "task,*',' '■' "SS
Chief Paul won' the \ prize- for "the;
best dressed Indian-warrldr, 'six' prizes^
wero, given tho Bqunws.'' *' Miss Stella
Big Moon, whoso marvelous ■ drapery
floated like a dream about 'her., queenly figure, won first prize, and Miss
Molllo, Weasel .Toil, ,of Tobacco Plains,
whose strings of glittering beads decking her alabaBtor ' brow, completely
hiding" the'rats In'hor'hafr, taking
second prize, the rest 'of. tho' prizes
woro, handed'to. tho .big chief/ 'A1'
Tho Indltins woro very, successful ln
tho racing events arid won,a considerable amount of, monoy, and so satisfied wore they'with Elko's treatment
thnt thoy hold high carnival nftor dark
and a largo numbor.of citlzona and
visitors onjoying tho sights, still having on tholr paint and feathers, jewels
and sleigh bolls, sunbursts ,-ind pou'rls
without price, gloamod boforo tho. too*
poo III en llko.-, a transcondont olcclrl-
cal display In tho hypnotising picture.
F. A. Pcrrlgo, ? M.D„ and wlfo o(
Pun vlllo, Illinois,* woro ■ TDlko. vlBltdvi
thU'wcok on. tholr way to DonnerH
Ferry Tho docior bought 800. acres
of land north wost of ItooHvlllp nnd will
rpturn In tho fall,nnd'.mbdlyl'lo Into
small tracts, , Tho doctor Ib entliii-
HliiBtlc ovor IiIb purqlihHO and bolng a
llvo wlro and "a uubIiiob mnn will bo a
decided' ncqulBltlon to. liooflvlllc nnd
Tobncco Plnlna, A
Laughter llko inorcy Ib twlco WobbciI
—It bloBBOB hlin that rIvob nnd hlin that
tnkoB, and lt Ib a gront prlvllogo to' bo
nblo' to lot thq fjuiiBhlno of lmpplnosB
into tho dark plnoos, ,
vATH«a Gadger Eamily^;
''\j"Ay- A "Comedy-.'  -. . ,    *-'
^X: Taming of Mary'7
\s'X^y ^Q^^y^A? :'\ ■,v.
yX'.... S- 'yy Comic;  AA .'   -* -'X •
- - /..S    -'.v'"' '   >-.',. ■•"... " j*.
■*  i^j    ""l'  ''■'5U-'   v. ■   i^ ^        r«        i   '.    i.   ,        * j"1 ^
7'?*.".;-iA - "-^'"Scenic   ;~'A;7;,-" *"A,-
' - f,
■\.».   v
'. -'. yjlDrama*."/? *-.
■'"    y.*-y'
* PathejC-^zett^^
- "■, V:?; A'-The,w6rl*d-s'o'veiits ih*picture'stoi'yA'-".7 ',-.'?.(*
'■ '"- ,/'^vA:^'r   ,..yyy^   \   ;-■>,    vyy ,y J~"y^ :y ,,,.y
Classified Ads.--CGrt a.Word
FOR RENT-rStoro In lho' Eclcatoln
Dlook.    Apply, Croo dud Moffatt.
FOR BALE—Colttigo on lot*about
120 (cot uquaro.tho proporty of Mr.
A, H. Cree, who Is leaving Fornlo tlio
first* tte-ek In Juno, . Will sell tho
proporty ah a wholo, or will subdivide,
Catf bn purchased at a bargain, and
on very onsy torjnn. Apply to A. H.
Croo.        ".  4-   '' -.■:•"  ■
 : s 1 l-
FOR SAl_T3-i*Why' pay. ront whon
$1*3,00 down and flfl.OO a month will
uy a Flvo Room Cottngb; wood Rhpd
ond n (rood wftH'on mnfn bIpmI fn
ICIko had flu« Tliornpton, Jlptek ] Wolt Fornlo. Apply   B,   A.   I^izort,
Sni-Pn«ion .ind   ...  fl.  Trwknll    from ' CnnhrncHt, V. O
KallKprll, iho "Pm-iidlio of tbo Flat*]-^ r	
head Valley," and Wnrdnor was df|    FOR 8AM3- ■K'R'ht.roomod
footed n to :«.   Gu« ^TlioinptMBnVlttl** j fenwJ; In W«it Pernio on .f.r*ci.quaiv
cd a great game. Cont.dGrs.bW. monoy | t-'-n. of an acrl tliutd and cultlva.-1.
fhm^-4 i -r,,!, ft^y ^t* pasi.fi,    ..# J Will Ml! for IMW, or to <pi!clt toytr
. Wnrdnor lad   Mton   K.Jro'i»   .im.or»*»**• t«tma.   • AvuW, THnfrfrf T *»».?«■
tlcaia two wt-vks prevlotti by 27 lo"*.!—-*- : : *.~«—-1'
* *' ft * . -     ,
:„>.;.- ,y.  tiv,sy- • ■• •. «/,.-■     >\*>y;;■"■•        *
,;«.'. l
^story>f^lie;hardships bf* tlio fii's"t;settlers,;of   ', r
*'''■ • ■  ; '-'"'77*^orth-'Americ}a*<'' '-. * '''XXiy ■, ''
'    „ '*    '.'.•* :*•■-■ .*,'      -.'"''7    -V'.;*■»,,    .   '- , '
-•     ■   f        .. a   ,  ■    ,   „'■       ."   ., •;.       ■     v-      ,',,'*-***■.'■'        '■-   n n\
A great^dustrial'picture showing the.'manufacture of',.,;
one'of tlio, Big-; Quhs/ used in ouivnayy from the   • /"'.
■  /'.    .'' ' .piri'vonHd the testing grounds   .     '.A.*.'.'-'
t    .■   -,     ' *    i , '-. (  -".v '*' " "•     -*• ;   * i'       '   '
$m toiadyJPMPonsr-Beatitiful Silver Spdonr
"For two coupons, issuod Tiios., Thurs., & Sat.-Matinee ■ ,
, ' . *'  . ■"* » * * . - ** i> ■  ■,
i i - - -   " ■■	
:--xyycmy.LYONS- y^y-
v    ,       i * - l   - i ■ *
\       '*   *    ,ii / V     '  ' . '/*■"        • '*-"■*
Insurance, Real Estate
'■yy?-, and   cans
jv  ,'',   •<*'
Money^icT-Loan on first class Busi-
'     ,     - ..T! "'" '' 7      ". t".   * ' ' ' .*,.-' ,    V,*"'
riessarid .Residential property
The Family
A Program Changes 4 Times Weekly
.; MOM'S and WED. S - FRL'S and SAT.'S
XZ:-: *    PRICES EVENINGS:    ,„
• Chlldren-IOc.' Adults-15c.   Gallery-IOc
Mhtlriees every Sat. Afternoon 2 to'5 r-.m.
. -;":.::":        ,5c'and 10c-      '
*.. .IP
7 *?
r~ ,*»» ~
t-" - 7'.
«. -.*
.... A...
!>> ,
7 V:.
THE DISTItiqtJJEDGEB,^FERJmir?.B:C7; JT_TNSi8,19.fi;
.*' ' *"■""''   '"'  "  -■>---       -• -       -
7 ■• yr;p\«
- >T _ - A-.'     - ,» V* -T"t*-.:
j,*- 'AAA A fflv >-A
,?. ^"A A A A A * * *** * * * *\
>\;r. At. i \t
ww^ ¥; ¥ ;•;> &;;,■;;» ^^;_^
, .^
. "■'
I*' -i'
;*•- '♦.A •i-.'A^>--% A«<AA.A --?♦'
■ -,"•. ♦ ^.ta??^1-1 -C.SRE,E^.;'^'.*-.♦
:}     ?>,"'M*lss*Shei)pa|*d.and Ml'^s^Maud Little
y--'•'-of ''the '-Hospital; nursing -'staff,' were
-A* taking'^ the' sightsof Coal- Qreek last
A":. weelHbndJf^V^, 7J 77?%-'' A ■-." *7 y
7 r "TThe* Football cluti .had Fernie as 6p-
V ,,^PoaentsMast ;sSaturday-?_ and',-? simply
>y7 romped" around ',t__emt as'indicated* by
77* ;the.score, _,4'to l.y One-little incident
V?   ci grpat ^importance'occurred,-'which
' ? : drew "the attention of the committee t'o
y j-'th^'necesslty bf/getting 'sonie  new
■ .nets," as Fernie were" allowed "a goal
.,.' which entered in' the side of the'net.
"• ,,'  Now, then,; Professor, get busy 'and or-
yyl-er some new net's, as goals like these
. "niay lose you'your position in" the lea-
' "* gue table., .     .y     *   7 A \*
"A '■   Bob Adamson arrived back in camp
-.-"y from Bonnie Scotland accompanied by
'., j_ hisi three^rothers' on Sunday, morning.
11,- ."Another wanderer' returned to camp
; Aon Tuesday"in'tho person of'George
,-\ ' Finlayson? (Scotty)   from ..Vancouver.
-  A.?1"? *%-*(s. no mo™ Vancouver for him.
, There's Trio place like home',* George."A
' ■'   , Coal Creek .is getting, famous. as a
y pleasure* resort, as evidenced' by the
" number of'sight-seers up here during
,-the,week?end?  * ,-.,>'*' ^ A ,.-" "   .-"
- ' - The .camera fiendEPare getting rath-
, 'ei*. busy these'nice^days.y. One. would
\be artist went' snap-sfiotting lip..past
•- the dam,, and" seeing.what he thought
- to be bear tracks "(or?gopher tracks?)
thoxight., discretion the "better,part'.of
,. valor? (and so it" is) * and' beat"-' it for
r--civilization.-■■ - Better- take a: gun .next
7- time, Ch'arly. *A "   •" * V "'    "'
y ', .Thymines were Idle'here on Satur^
'. dayapd Monday.?- - -■'- 7 ■ .'      ,- 7
-;'  '^'Mrs.'J. T.-Puckeyfand family were
"' visiting u*3 here on Saturday.  A ,.7
.'  7'Mr and Mrs*R. Billsboro'u'gh "invited
,a few friends "arid" "relatives to" ceie-
-brate.Mrs Billsborough's birthday-last
.,'-Saturday.   -The festivities',closed in
, the wee sma'? hours "of -Sunday" morn-
' iiig,,everybody agreeing to,having had
7a good time".     ,".':*   ■ "    "-   '.'.-'
:7*'Newshas been received" in   camp
, that Thomas Gray, "the Jyoung    man.
wbo* some few;>weeks ago became ri"o-
,*torious;as 'a love' oplstle.^wrtter,' aiid
-- who was taken .to New'Westminster'in
•>• cori€equence, has'ben shipped'ba'ck'to
"" ?yhls^omaJn_H.ew^Cumibbk?-ScotIan«7
'7S David .Trevlawriy, better'.known as
; .Mary Ann," left camp* on"Saturday,for
"his old home in "Wales."," ',.  ;-'.v\ >
7- * Percy Hesk'eth. came dtit^ot hospl-'
tal on?Saturday... cj. :y -7 '.\ 7  ..'■
'* *Tdm' Banks, a" c'oioredj'drlver;' was'
*"caught-between/thoVshafts-.and" a' car
'-' and hurt his;ieg,in-Ndj-l-^orth']g[lne.
_.*" Mat Logan;>mt"no/jii„N'o^3;.had the
'misfortune to*be caughfl^Ontler a?fall
"of rpck_on WednesdayAhurtlrig- his
'hend nnd back.   After/being fixed up
hy Dr. Workman he was-able to .'proceed-home, where he Is progressing
-favorably. -   '- •;"   7 A 6-      "A*"'-,
Albert Whltehouae, conductor on No
'2 air 'dinkey, was caught between two
mlno.cf.r_K_.nd, had his .ankle crushed.
;,„ .Mr. and"* Mrs. {idorgo. CrabboJ, had
i(. a whist drive on Thursday, June''6th;
I ia tho..C'ub' Hnll.   ■ The .'occasion ho-
■ lng Goorgo's „blrthday.   We'wish'him
mciny happy returns—aiid.thon boWo!'
; Oh,'you, Godrgb!',   y  • " ,'  .' \/
Miss Workman/- dt  Kingston,' Ontario, sister of D^ Worltmhn, ls spend,
"ing hor vacation liero. '  ' \
Tho, driving boltof tho fan operating
No,- 2' and 1 East mlnos   broke'*'on'
' Thursday morning causing   tho   two
-mlnos mentioned to lay off..
Tlicro has boon..a change of iriiina-
gor up horo'ih-Tritos Wood's Storo,
Mr. Goorgo- Smith,, of- Blairmoro, talc-
' lng tho placo'oi Mr. Oliver,-whp Is
upending a fo.w days ln Michel prlorto'
his dopnrt'uro for tlio coast.
MrB. Sadlo Brown nnd .family,*fie-
companlcd'hy Mrs, FIbIi, aro'oxpoctod
from tlio coast. , Now'then, Teddy,
, you nnd your .partner will hnvo to
Icoop your oyoB opon.       "■' '
♦ ♦ ♦ y- ♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦
_ Loolc oiflfor Prank Local Sportn to
■'»'o. hold on tho flrHt of .Mily. Who
KRJd tho town wna dond? " Upwards
of floven Imndrod dollar In prl«OB, so
como In yo'ir'thouBnndH.. i.ool. out for
Mr, Mnniiol.-of tho Frnnk* Ilotol, has
decided „to stay with tlio "town, Ho
was for putting up a hotdl at.DurmlB,
but ho ImH coiiBldovod tlmt It would'
ho bottor to slay, with-his first lovo,
Good luckl
i\t tlidnlr voifiilnr *m«*nttti'n- ta*t &-,„
the.jyhole. side of, the mountain f.'was
ablaze.'- \. In*? a'^fje w _ minutes; the'Fraiik'
albng.by^Mr.'Bushly's team from-Bellevue.' *y After- about jtwoi hours '..hard
vvork' it was .eventually put':'outvln'the
most darige'orus places,"the.rest-bf it
!dylng"'out iirdue course.*". ///A^A"
,, 'Blairmore y journeyed / to~ Pirichei-
Creek on Monday*"to engage the "local
team in a game, of," football. A After a
hard 'and fast-game* the .result, was
Pincher-3;'Blairmore, 1;.'..'..
. Mr?** Dpmesti has got', his store "in
position and allflxed'up. * He. will be
handing out the goods' on .or before
pay day.* ' ■' , - * - ?' - -w > /
'"■ * The'co-operative movement seems to
be going strong In this camp,' judging
by. the committee's , report,, and
they expect to be in operation* before
many weeks. •-',*, "'   ■ -' "*". , *"
, At a meeting of .the ratepapers of
I.'1-ank held bn'May 29th? it.was moved
by.'Mr.'Alex?"Gbyette^and-seconded by
Mr.-Frank' Wejer .tliat "this village ca-
cept from the Canadian Coal Consoli-
dated.Limited new townsite as offered
by.th'em to present owners of lots,in
old" townsite,;.tfils - in;,' cbnsfd'eratibn
that;present.iots'r'evert back to the
said Canadian Coal Consolidated. Limi:
te'd in excliange'for new - o'nes,^ and
also that anyone;,who'.has.1 not paid
for his present lot in full* will* continue
to pay. as-per his agreement?-and-further, that no.action will be .taken with
regard.,.to''locating .on new .townsite
until we are assured that'we are going
to x get financial assistance - from the
governments.'   ^lr. *Hai;veyv Murphy
moved', and W. J. E." Windsor'seebnd-
'ed, that, the "village of-Frank tender
the management,' directors and officers
of the Canadian    Coal , Consolidated
Limited their sincere thanks for'their
magnificent'offer,.and for their prbie-
_._nes-' in coming to the assistance of
the citizens of Frank.", 7 Carried.' -Ad-
■dresses'* were*;then  delivered by the
following .gentlemen,.. Messrs. Wind-
or, LangAWejer'ACoyette; Tompkins,'
.O'Hara.7 Ponsart;'   Murphy, -"-Mouat,
Woods and Herron." Meeting adjourned at 10 o'clock. ' "?' 7 A ".   7, -     '••''
tbe football match arid boost for. their
neighboring camp.,-A- 7 A A 7"- /'
v. Look but Coal, qreek,-*the'.boys are
coming to play' you*-ori' Saturday and
get two more points. yPlay up, Bellevue; ybu sure-are THE-boys! " r, '7 -
r ,Jim Macdonaid has"'gorie-"to"be fire*
"bos"s7at 'the* Prospect,- andJJoe Cook
has gone to thb Old'Mine.;; ,"A
An accident happened to a mari'by
the name of Mission in the pillars in
the Bellevue Miner Mission had only
been started iwbrk two or throe days,
after an accident he 'received'a.while
back^in tho samo-placeA"""*'
Mr.Catrano and family have %been
visiting" friends in town' tnisTweek.
, Miss Elsie Fbrdj of' Coleman,, has
been spending a' few days with Mrs.
George Bate'man.' ,.
, Blr ."and- Mrsf" Atkinson and "Mr.
Robert. Cummins were visiting friends
in Blairmore on Sunday last."  ■
♦ ♦■♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ * ♦
♦-' A    •■♦
♦"* ;' )■'.r MICHEL NOTES,  ,'-    ',  4-
♦ . ."■-By "Rambler."-.       A       V
♦ ♦***>■ ♦''•».'♦ ♦,.♦ ♦" ^'■♦•^
*   . .-■■ <■•>'.   -
, Mr. Albert Hallworth ...left tlie camp
last-week for Medicine" Hat."'-
-"■-•Mr. Walter'Miller.a'nSfamily have
removed =into their new house' by the
Sbc'lalis. Hair (Yorkshire"-Villa)-... •>&
v'Mr. Andrews,"scale" inspector' 'for
the C. P^, Pv.7hasbeen.in, towrifor a
i ew, days this week. *',, 7-7 ' }
»Mr. -J.'It-Macdonald'atfd'sfamilr'bid
fare\yell to^ Bellevue last Monday 'and'
.took-train to Lethbridge. A
' The Itov.°W. ,H, Irwlri went,to the
Methodist; conference held? in Edmon-
'ton',, and': the'pulpit*'at tho chruch on
Sunday • was ■ occupied by tho Rev.
Witcherly,;ot Lille, wlio took for*hla,
sermon "Wanted', a l^nn."-' ' '„.->."'
, Mr. Andrew, Lorlmoi*. wiis' tho' preacher, at EJiink Methodist Church last
Sunday. ,   .     .
* Mr.'Herbert.Noblo received a slight
injury Mo his back last Wednesday
while following his employment in tho
No.7lMlne, Hellovue.t. " ,y v.y
V Mr. "Edward Brldgo has-' removed
from Coul Croelrback tb the Prospect
Mino, whoro ho will bo pit boas.""Mr
Brldgo v wob tflfboss at tho Prospect
Mlno before.tho striko, but left dur-
lng tlio Btrlko," nnd his'placo,wob' filled by Mr. Albert Hallworth.
Bclloyuo was woll' ropro'sontod 'at
Blairmoro to soo tho play "Tho Girl
and tho Tramp," *."    *    • '   '
Mr nnd'Mrs. J. J,"Walters returned
to camp on Monday aftor tholr'visit
to1 Calgary, ' •-■•
While Mr. JfamoB CoubIiis was com"
lng out.of tho mlno on Monday night
and carrying a hnjigor to* ho Bliarpon.
•od.-'lt cuuglit tho roof of tho shod Just
hy tho.lamp Iiouho, und, ho turned
round to look whoro It wns fiiBt and
ovorbrtlnnwd and put his foot Into n
tub of Ijolllng wntor nnd, Bcnldod It
builly,* .' '
llollovuo plnyod Colomnn ' football
laBt Saturday boforo a largo nnd oxolt-
lng crowd. llollovuo won tlio tosn arid
..Inked with tho wind, Tlio first half
wnn n fntit gamp nnd Holloviio rhanng-
od to put two gbalB Into tlio not, After
hnlf tlmo Colomnn tried hnrd to got
n fow gonin through but failed. The
result, wiu llollovuo .1; Colomnn 0.. Ike
Hutton 11l10w1.il Bomo of his old'form
and plnyod wol). Tho.roforoo was .1,
WIIboii (Wrnlo), who' controlled tlio
gnmo In n ftportflmnnlllfo mnnnor. After tho match n vmokor and socln] wan
«*!<*W'    »«      (lif.     fl„   ,«..«t..'      IT. 11 , 1      (,
  fit V
♦   ♦ .♦   ♦.♦   ♦♦♦♦♦.♦♦.'♦
TheVmines here' are ' working full
time and the miners are getting all
;the work'1 they want- even if .tliey don't
handle' much money. * Still," lri' such
congenial surroundings a- fellow doe's-?
n't "inirid that.'"'. *,-, * * . *~~}ry
'. Trites Woods are doing a „roaring'
trade inutile shoe, line these days.
Every" juvenile, in town is anxious "to
get a place in the juniors' eleven,aiid
it-is" common to. see a-bunch" of them
juggling with anything from a-salmon
tin toa stray pupAwhen,the owner's
not irAsight)": Anything suits when
the leather is on the 'bum," * " -*
- New Michel,,will be'quite ta classy
suburb-when th'e-'new piece of road
has been completed, and the old one
overhauled." -. Foreman- .Connors,' who
is,'hi charge of" the * work,*' intehcts
siyendirig-'seyeralimore' weeks on the
levelling'and straightening1, bf' Main
Street, and" "when- completed- "it
willpdoubtless be;-a, great .improvement on the old*.state of things..,. It
■Is said - that. tenders' are,- invited^, for
tne^eriioval of-the* bodies from the old
cemetery* to the new one. • ". ;, v.
. The Italian Band favored the New
Michelites with, some^lively music *ori
dny It wan docldod to hold n-Ki-lirdnv jm rinllnn Vt»(»B of hocr ww rollfd ln
In Frnnk, whloh Is bum to* Tie n. sue.
cosb, crowning It with a big dnnco at
,iil«ln, which will also include a wait*
ing compotltlon,
Mr. Sparrow Kollvnrrlvpd hnr<» frnm
Uio old country last Saturday and loft
tb Join his old pal at- Corbln. Oh,,you
poekorl ' ''
Mr, Dick Brown, formerly of Frank,
nrrlvod bnck horo fiom Pocahontnii io
convoy his wlfo nijd family on tho
road bAck .\U'H, llu k»>» thin cvt-ry.
thing1 !■ going flno," but It In not all
1.miiu) ,
Karly on Monday flro broke out In
the bash behind tho now Ranntorlum
Hotel honv After n whllo It wnn
put ont, lt wni fought, but Judgo tho
aurprUo when th« nlmft whistle •tart'
uil uiotlui. altuul lUfw. o'tWk In ..10
nfternoon and In about twenty minutes.
by Mr. Gnifton, proprietor of tho
Soi-thorn Ilotol. Mr. Goorgo Unto-
man wo* tho chairman, For tho"bo-
clal Bongs woro sung by Mr. David
Hutton    T    Orlnnnr,   MnM  T.'.vtIo,,    «».tT
a fow of tho Coloman boy*, ono of
whom was Hio pianist. A good tlmo
wab Bpont and I hov boy 1 did Juatlco to
thp llfo-glvlng tonic. During tho evening ft fow «rteechPB woro glvon on tho
Crowi No«t PnBg football tonma by
.1 .lohnnon, ll. Uvitt und J. Oliphiuil,
who »sld thoy appreciated the way
Wilnon hnd controlled <h<> gam«., and
his Imparflal and judlcloiiH ruling
might Ix. t-oplod to -idriitiliigo by t,umo
of tho r^fereA* In tho Pa*«,
J. Potbr*on ha* gono to- Blairmore
to bo mechanic at tho mlno thero;'
A !•*.?«<♦ crowd of th*. H«»I|**tti<, boyi.
went te Hillere*. on Wodneidsy to ner,
benefit of .the widow of the late ,07
Joinson.' Unfortunately tb,e wpatlier
was'^of the boisterous-kind, and'.'al-"
though a fair7crbwd assembled* to
watch the game,;stUl, we, should have
liked tb have seen,a better'attendance. • However, in order to" raise the
amount formerly aimed atVd'ancOand
concert is being arranged to take place
in Crahan'sTHall on June 17th,'and it
is earnestly hoped that all in a position to help in any way will come forward-and do their little best to make
so worthy an object a success.
Jess Briscoe, in attempting to trip
one of.the big'steel cars ujst' inside
the , "dreaded*-* area" somehow or
other got his' knee where it ought not
to have'been, with the result that Jess
can be sen doing the "Hobo's hobble"
in great style.- '• Glad to know you're
improving, Jess, lad. " Don't practice
in such limited' space in future.
We can hearof coal diggers, foreigners, inventing" timber ' lifters, and
various other.appliances,- but what wo
stand in need of most in this burg is
an automatic dust layer. ' It's no' use
inventing anything, boys, if it touches
finances' in any shape or form. ,The
coal company is 'badly "bent" just now
—so ,'saitli Ettas.- <* '.
Sunday eveiiing*iast7
.,-White Spruce (generally known-as
Finch) -provided"the/Michel baseball
team with the first match of the season and the game ended in'a victory
for~Miciiel._ It it is rumored that W;
Porter ois "sitting",,for his "umpires',
papers" in the near future, then we'll
liave-to rustle "somebody to do ,the
"roasting." -      ''...     *"■
The Michel'1 "League eleven will be
point hunting at Fernie on .Saturday,-
the 8th. _ - It .will be rememberod that
when they met 'earlier ln the season
at Michel the "cinder track"- brigade
won by 3 goals to, nothing. ' Fernie
undoubtedly will be, anxious to avenge
this defeat and a strenuous game Is
anticipated, Although* tho, Michel
eleven are somcwhat„unaccustomed to
each other's play,-being practically all
strangers to one another, still they
oxpoot to give Fernio a run for tholr
money and the' strongest available
team will 'represent thorn at'Fornlo.
Tho following aro the selected, !'
,. Mooro;-,Matson and Evans; Hamp-
son, Jonklns .aiid Ferguson; Almond,
Bcddlngton, Challinor, Brown and Mc
Govern. "Reserves: Hampson and Err-
The final for'tlio Llphnrdt Cup will
bb plnyod at HoBmor on Snturday noxt
whon Coal Crook Juniors meet Mlohol
Juniors, It would perhaps bo a atop
in tho right dlrootlon If "tlio Mlohol
juvoniloB could prpvnll ou tho HoBmor
senior olovon toglvo thorn an oxpoBl-
tlon of tho "tako Iho man and loavo
tho ball" gnmo. It Is snld by thoflo
who should know, In fact, thoy ."still
uso piaster and bmbro, that a llttlo
wilnklo or two from Iiosmor might
holp,thorn considerably.
-' (Wo caiuscarcely approve of,;tho
augKOBtlori'of giving tho Juniors "wrln-
Mob" as doserlbod nbovo, nnd from our
liiBldo knowlodgo of tho working of
tho I.onguo wo should ndvlso a llttlo
Iohu "kicking'* at plnyorn, tonm'n and
'implrt-st, and n llttlo moro Ulcldng applied to tho lonthor. ThlB Ib football,
(ind football wo always understood wns
a sport—nnd tho players nnd wholo
bunch connected with It.Bportsmon.
Do you get It?   Nuf sod!)
Last wok wo hnd 'ProfoBsor Cnrru-
thors. of hypnotic fniho, putting nomo
bf lho rlaliig Bcnoratloii through tholr
pnons. This wook It wnn "Tho Tramp
and tho Girl," but tlio ono who woomB
.ft   ul.   <-.i(...;ti»<,44(   «|4   tWJUiUI  .IS     lliv
qulfk rliiiui'L- Jij-Uil, „3:W ,'4Wv,^,*.i)j-
makes tho lending store his li«idqu._r.
tors. ..very ono Iii' anklng "Wlmr a
marrn," with tho Btoro clerks?    Ono
scarcely boob th-o.snmb clerk behind
». 1 .  .       ,       .1
fast as ono drops tho "duster" another picks It tip. But wo forgot—
Doubtless they're spring cleaning.
Inspector Tom Wllllnms was In
camp on Monday.
Thoro nro persistent rumors Hint
No. 7 and S aro shortly to ro-opon. it
I* hoped that thf-wi will prow tn Jw>
(■timet, for, Til.bongh only « fow im-n
may be employed at tho start. Urn old
(own will gradually assume Its old ar-
fh'lty and times mny be n» lively an
th*y onr« wow.,
The Mlchol V. C. hi.vf.1* nn or*r-n
dato last Saturday, arranged a mat« li
b«tw<"r-n Old nnd Now,Town for M10
♦ ♦ ♦?♦ ♦ -^ ^ ♦ ♦ -4> + + <fr
♦A *.-*     * A? - --;♦
♦ .-        HOSMER-NOTES. ♦
.♦' ."   ^      "Looker-on."        . - . ♦
♦ ;-.-'. v • - . ♦
* ♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ .♦ ^ «- ^-«. ^ «
;__Mr.*. Thoinas Stockett left Hosmer
last week for-'Boston,. Mass., on a'
months' vacatiori., ,    J 7  .
The 41,Market Co."have taken over
the business of "the Hosmer Meat
Market Co., Mr? Steve 'Lawson ls the
manager. A.        .   - .    ■    ,   .
Mr. Ed. "'Kerr,' of Nelson, was
through Hosmer last ^eek and reports
things back west-improving"   '   .„ ^.
.The Juniors gathered 'around .the
Hosmer.Industrial Association Store
last. Saturday' to'know the result of
ihe guessing-'competition. The exact
number of beans in the glass was ,222.
Getta Rankin* was the winner of the
first prize, 'coming very near w.itb' 216,
and. Larry'Wellington second prize
a guess/of 233:7 "A   '     . y .
. Mr. G.?H.? Stevenson, of Cranbrook,
was visiting Hosmer on Tuesday.
a-position-on account of this;action;
Wrought" his own fight for months,
until'-he, compelled C. P. Hill to aclc-
nowledge;defeatand give him his work
;back, arid then'after that the' men insisted on him" to accept the position
of'checkwelghman, for-which we paid
hirii $5.'a .day 'arid. $35 a. month as
Secretary,' and - Hillcrest Local has
never1 regretted.this action. Fernie
Local would give a "fitting reply to
the'operators" by fighting Rees' case
and get him reinstated and then turn
arbund'and.employ him as"one of their
many checkweighirien.. -
Brother Ptiton points out the experience of'Bro. Rees. With all due respect' .to Rees, I don't think Brother
Hees^would thiiik for a.moment that
a year; or two in Coal Creek alone
would1 give him .experience enough to
have practical' knowledge, of the different methods of mining which jis
carried on in this District, as it is iin-
possible for a man to have experience
—especially in these pitching seams—
unless he has worked in them,' and
Brother Paton'is well aware of tliat'as"
well as any other mining man.   A  *
.;Our local feels in 'the face "of *?Bro.
Pa'ton's letter duty bound, so as, not to
leave any wrong-impression itr the
mind pf the members of this Dlstript,
as to the qualification of our Secretary' to, fill .the "office of Vice-President, more especially-the members who
are "not acquainted with J. 0. Jones, so
that they may juage for themselves.
■Bro. Jones waged,war against the
famous C. P.. Hill'for, years on the
pillar-question, which caused so much
notoriety iri-this'district, and was .sue?
cessful in thwarting his efforts to establish' a pillar .differential until it
was/taken out-of the' local's hands,
which'resulted in a reduction of 20
per. cent;'and the District and International simply-"told-us that there was
nothing' to do -in the matter .only accept ■ the" reduction, .which resulted in
practically''disorganizing one of the
best locals'In this District. Brother
Jones reorganized the local and built
it up strongerrthan ever,,and took
the pillar .question up again in his own
hands'-and succeeded in getting, us
over 25 .per'cent of "an advance. ,At
that time,I can assure yoii that it was
not 16, hours a day-Bro. Jones .worked-
The Frank Wine. & Spirit; Cb.
* y:      Wholesale Dealers' in xy       ■■*-   .   y
Wines, Liquors and
cigars       ; r
Phone 83, Frank. Alta. ' ;*
"* .„ William .White was a visitor to Lethbridge last. week. We wish him'every
success in, his examination.  '   ;
.Monday, June 3rd being the King's
Birthday,' the tradesmen of H.oamar
suddenly'. bethought themselves',. to
have'a'holiday, aiid formed a com-
miUee who were "soon busy collecting
prizes and arranging a series of sports
Tho boys had' quite an unexpected
treat" in store when they came home
from the mine. The festivities lasted
until riiidnlght. Messrs. "'H. Maun-
drell, P, Labolle, J. Patterson and E
F Rahal. who had charge of the arrangements • provided an excellent
programmo of sports and engaged tho
Opera House;for tho boxing compotltlon In; the evening. \Tho Tradesmen
of Hosmor aro to bo congratulated on
the excellent programmo.    ,-
'An Interesting horse race Is to be
the' outcome of tho Monday sports'.
Thoro is $130 down for a starter In a
match botwoon Frank Ingram's horse
and John Wyllos". Tho race will tako
placo In a week's, tlmo.  '
Tho basebnllers evidently think thoy
can mnko a hIiow and would-llko a
homo match with Fornlo.
* Hillorost, Alia., Juno 25th, 1912.
To lho Editor, District Lodger. , *
■ Dour Sir.—In reading your Ibhuo ot
May 20th, 1012,1 noticed a lottor writ-
ton by Brother D. Paton, of Fornlo,
li. support of Roob of Fornlo for tho
offlco of Vlce-Prcsldont. It struck
mo very forcibly that according to
Pro. Paton's vIowh that our orgnnlzn-
tlon should bo a cliarltablo Institution
In finding offlcors for somo of our
mon that will bo dlsrrlmlnntod against.
I mlglit stato, In reply to nrothor Pa-
ton, whon ho statoH Hint Roos'finds !t
Impossible to socuro worksolthor In
thlB comptiliy'H mines or In nny of tlio
mining camps of tlio District, that lio
could novor linvo applied nt Hlllorest
or would havo rocalvod work', as I
can snfoly say without foar of contradiction that tho Hillorost Compnny
linvo not discriminated against nny
nionihor or our orgmllgatlon slnco tho
Btrlko, aB wo havo todny amongst us
In HUlcrost men that havo como from
nil annua of District 18, and who woro
discriminated ngnliint In other camps,
Including somo prominent local loadors
111 un rc-M|)ui:uvo locals during tho re*
..«.'.. itU'iiti;, _ ,
Hroth<*r Paton also points ciit U
would h« Indeed it fitting reply to thc
operators or (IiIh Pass who lrnvo Instituted tho black list ngalnst lilm, and
un .-.viVahi viirti.   *Hju»i_  wu W-i.m.ltAl! to
this organization In this District wero
tlihy to elect liens by nticlnmallon, or
at loast by a substantial majority over
nny othor candidate who In not placed
lu   similar   circumstances.     Brother
Prtfon fon.nl* thnt fhfli-rt nn* hmitrriU
ot our men who have been placed In
thn)   imnltlon  ulnri. thr. fnrCpMoil of      fM»W, -Mno.u.   The ...an..: Iu:_,
this Wstrltt, and .). O. Jones, oari'iuiiouul cougfe*$ tor the puri»of<> of
8eo«rtnry, Is mnoriust* the   number, j framlnit  nylsilon  laws   !.-.«  r«!or»Kd
those days7
As, a;, Local officer he is-unexcelled,
as Hillcrest ,-Local is' today a^iroof of
it; and we did ?riot have a closed shop
same as Fertile .either. Hillcrest will
always beK more,' than sorry to lose*
him, and many efforts have been'made,
to get him to accept other jobs, both
by operators'^and others, but'lib has
always preferred to' stay as a man to
fight 1 for ".the uplifting of lils fellow-
men rattier 'than,money or honors.' ' '
Brother Jones'accepted the position
of Sub?DIstrict Board Membor^and has
done all-he'could in that capacity for
tho best'interest of the men ho re-
presented, while on tho hoard.-' Al-
though ho was getting at homo hero
?5.00, a day, ho would rather go aiid
do something for the organization for
.4.00' if ho could bo of holp to (iny.
body. . " Wo can „quoto several casoB
where the other camps benefitted by
his sorvlco", Sec. Jones organized
Blairmoro Local, whon It was practlc;
ally unapproachable; conducted tho in.
quest on'behalf of tho mon'tho tlmo
ono of thorn was klllod through bad
air, which-caused great- comment at
tho tlmo, Socrotary Jonos'drganlzod
the Frnnlc Shaft, which onablod "the
mon In Frank to win tho Htrlko. Tho
manngomont had everything plnnnod
to wlpo out tho organization at Frank,
Thoy had ovor CO mon working In tho
shaft and not one of thorn belonged to
tho union. Thoy gavo thorn an ngroo.
mont' which was1 715 por cont higher
than tlio union agreement In tho old
mlno, which wn« to expire in October,
1910, tho union ngroomont expiring
April iRt, 1010. nrothor .Tone's went
nnd got nil of thorn nnd organized
thorn, and thoy Joined tho union mon
on strlko. Long wo will remember
that mooting, whon -ill of tlmm woro
Initialed. Strong union mon cried
llko chlldron at that mooting, nnd tho
District Officers got an agreement
from lho company In tlio old mlno ami
11 ronownl of lho shaft ngroomont or-
loiidod lo April, 1st, 1011.
Thoso nro only ft ' f0w tlilngH In
which Brothor Jones Iiiih shown his
ability, but I could quoto a lot mom
-111* POCOIIX CnSO, (IHHlBU'.l smblm on
tl>o Cordon Investigation. Tho fnct
tl.nt our secretary has bon nominated
bj two-thlrds of tho Locals in this
dispel as tholr candldato for tho of.
lice of VIcn-ProHlilont ntifl it rvi*
man got tho nomination In pr«.for<»ir«
10 liyslop, who Is a candldato for tho
Vl. ©-Presidency on tlm nomination of
nhlnflore Local, alihoimli president
of Colomnn Local, spenkH for Itsolf,
Thanking you In ndvnnrf,
Fours vory truly,
1    J.VO. TAYLOR.
Hoc. Nonrotary.
Hardware and Furniture
-  : ,.    -f;
- We have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and.Furniture Stock,
'"     /   in the-Pass.    Everything in      -     -     . '
Stoves and Ranges Furniture :      \       -.   '
Granite & Enamelwareo     Carpets and Rugs'
Pliirabing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7 ■ -'- FRAN K,  Alta.     p. o. Box ^0
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
A_   . >  '   . Importers of '   "
r4 *.     ■     » „ ' .. •   ■ .
'    ■»'    -,   . and Dealers in    . . "     .
Domestic  Groceries
Agents for Steamship Companies. %_      5 Ne\y Michel, B.C.
; 7 .Dealer In .    y '   7
Drys Goods,    Boots &: Shoes
'.\/s    Men's Furnishings     a
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  & - Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods    at   Lowest 'Prices
Let us know your wants.
■"' i *
All Orders Receive Our Careful
Sla.ter   Shoes
W«i hnvo just openi!'!' our lar^u spring ship-
, mont of oftliOKo IHiuous h1km»h and liavf tlio
.   IiohI nmgo of $-1.*)(),.$.*», nut] Sjiit kIukih .«v<-r
hIiowii in irosnitir.    ^m. tlie new slylns dis-
played thin wci'U in .soulli window,'
A.   MIIXS   6t&   SON
When ho wan politely told by lho fn
-iiou-a C. I\ Hill that ho wonttl n«v<r
»lr«w trsothiir pUWr In ItiHfmt. er if
hi* AM h* wftiiM hnvfi tn rlfnir ff ^(*h
the fol!owlriK rewlntlon
"In tl.o wvm of n birth or n ilv-nth
'•f<urti'K«n '«n *Utrnft lit- tfhA r/iu't
trur ihtffrnnt tn t\ \Q& IjooI. .m-t
« ron-o from tli« out»IiIe, our Mrratury ti(y il.c authorttiew nt tho flr*t i<la«.-
nrvnr complnlned nor ei_iic.c(«.a to gH. p 1 «.-*!«* ho '!eii(-<>ndB."
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
Wc cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR ;-; Proprietor
INCREASES $1,000,000
OTTAWA, May  25.—Tho   r... .-Ip.u
t'om CUvi Chtiu.1'" h'Vi'I tns tttt. j'eir
v.itl Im. a mllllrm dollarn xr<*nt<>r thnn
b... jcui.   TLu .Iiikul-U' fiuluiti u-iuut _ 	
I It I.- (ncroaw in revenue lit that there j
IjS". 1»*n ho rni-rrar^ In ..if numbi-r ft' Cv«ry conVenl«n«e and comfort, Jutt
C.i|.k*w lnniJInp In Ci-rui'llnn *>flrf».    f
It will be _*«,m«*m..cr.t__ thnt tho ror»7
iMlon-t iJidlir »*}."r5/ ChUntsi- in 11- tti'i-
mUttf n* rfrl6'-h ^of'iru'jfa yottj v.-.:r>*!
th<- *<ib.c<'( ot an trn«:**tlf:_itlon lattj
like b«lng at hems.   One block
from Poit Office.   Centr.
illy located
H, A. WILKES,   •   Proprietor
. .-.»r,
" A 7-'A- A
**-l\~ '*, -.
yy y
7;yS^S3%, v..
-. 1 ,_.--■'
"*o-_    .
-. v -„<*.-. ~.
■ -► ^ < \.*.   i*-*?
..., .y
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress ,
Rates $1.50 and up
. Hot,and Cold -Water
Electric Lighted   „
Steam Heated.
,   'Phone ,in every room.-,
Sample Rooms on Main
- *„  Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our   ,
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
The finest-' of Wines, Liquor*
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
Cigar Store
>    ,  .
Is Now Opened
Clean, Cosy and very.
Inviting    ,.
Just the, place after the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong
Proprietor , _
■''■-   AADENTI8TA
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hours; 8.30 to 1. 2 to 5. -' <>
?    Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.   -,
?    ' ECKSTEIN & MacNEIL.
Barristers & Solicitors, Notaries, &c.
. ''     Offices: Eckstein Building,
*•       ,   -        '*
A'  "* <* Fernie, B?C."
F.-C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
* r i
* - Ferriie, B. C.  ,     'V  y.
L.    H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
A - "v ■    ■
and Dressed Lumber^
Send us youp;;OPders
Bar supplied with the beat Wines,
Liquors arid Cigars
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay £»
Nowhere In the Pats cm bo
found In such a display of
We have tht best money
ean, buy of Beef, Pork* Mutton,' Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Plih, "Imperaior Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welneri and Bauer Kraut,
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 66
B.   W.   WIDDOW80N. Amyer and
Chemist, Box .C Jtol, Nelson, n. 0,
Cliar_taa--*Oolrt, Oliver. Lead or Copper,
II *aeh.     Oold-Hllvar, or Hllvor-Oad,
>_.V4.        k'fkve*   Wl   titntl   •_>«<u_k«i. k.'j.*..,
csment, Kireolay analyies on applies*
tlon. Thn larnest euitom assay oltlct
In Brlllih Columbia-
Bar ^Unexcelled
All White Help
j      i ■  ,
, Everything
Call ih and
see us once.
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Every poraon llkos to bo comfortablo. Wo bovo tho latoit
design of Btonm heating appa-
ratuu In ovory room. Our menu
la tho belt. Wo guarantee sat*
v lafuotton. Two blooka from 0,
P, H, Depot. Old and now faces
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
i'y^'^S^^S ^;f^yy^
■ * A""r>A">:yrK%-^\'Syk-
I ••»««
Member* of ihtt Vtetorli. Renl
Eitato Exchange
Write tim for infontiAtlon about
hornet and invMtmantt in victoria
P. 0. Box 900
Cor. Fort and (Joadra 0»tre«t».
Michel, B.C.
•.p-vrr-n with ptfum
Lighted with Tungiton Lampi
Oatermoor Mittrstiss
Clean Linen
Pure Peed
Rates..,. ....... 12.50 po/ day
W. L. FOISY * Manager
In concluding Ms report on the explosion at1'the Jamage pit of tlie' Big-;
nail Hill Colliery, Mr? A. S. Redmay'ne',
(H. M. Chief Inspector of Mines)-con-,
tributes the" following: 7 ~-  ;
"Note on the Cause,of Spontaneous
Combustion in • Coal Mines, and Me-.
thods of Dealing with It."     .   ; '
Districts iri which Uob-Flres Occur..
,. The" occurrence, of gob fires or the
spontaneous Ignition of coal or other
highly .carbonaceous matter In- the
gobs (goaves, or wastes) of coal'mines, has been an accompaniment' of
coal mining in certain districts for
very many years. Usually, these fires
are restricted to the wastesaor abandoned areas or ,the pillar -wordings of.
the mines, but ln some coal mining
districts, although on rare occasions,
they occur ln the* solid coal on the
road- side? Hamstead .colliery,* in
South Staffordshire is a notable instance of this. ' In South Staffordshire
and Warwickshire, though they have
always proved* a troublesome feature
ln mining' operations, gob fires have
not proved such hazardous occurrences as In North Staffordshire, where,
owing to the .existence in the mine of
fire damp, the danger attending them
is greatly enhanced.,      „,    °  -1 "./,',
Gob-fires occur occasionally in other'
coal fields. * In-; Yorkshire, though
they occur,in several seams, they are
comparatively-rare In the really gassy
seamsT-^xcept in the Barnsley'Bed tn
the Doncasteri district, In" which' dls--
trict'a veryxonsiderable development
of the Yorkshire coalfields Is now tak-
ing-place. 'Gob fires are also liable
to occur in" the" following other "districts, though not to the same extent
as' in those" already enumerated—viz.,
Fifeshire,. -Midlothian,* Lanarkshire,
Sutherland.'Shropshlre, Derbyshire and'
North Wales.,      ,_ (1
Tho Cause of Spontaneous Combustion^
Coal occludes gases and at the same
time absorbs oxygen from the air, the
rate of absorption" being different in
respect of different.classes*"of, coal.
Thus, for instance, -a Northumbrian
steam coal does'not absorb oxygen to
anything'ilke the same extent as some
Staffordshire and Warwickshire coals,*
the'^diffe'rence'" Instills -respect being
accounted for* by physical as well as
chemical? peculiarities,, and spontaneous-: combustion, is' all but unknown in
the mines of Northumberland, whereas
in the mines of Staffordshire and War?
wickshjre such-fires are of,very com-,
mon occurrence;- ■,'  *       '   y .'    ':
It used to.be supposed that spontaneous combustion-was the resultanVof
the, heat, due to-the oxidation of the
pyrites in tlie coal, the sulphide being
coverted.lbto the sulphate, but this has
been shown to be false.". That the
pyrites,' especially if very finely disseminated throughout the coal, is a
contributory cause, is? no doubt, .rue,
the manner" of the occurrence of the
pyrites being more Important than its
amount.. The chief cause is, however,
the absorption of oxygen by the coal,
the carbon and hydrogen of the, latter
being attacked by oxygen.
The following quotation from,' the
report of tho Now South Wales Royal
Commission (pago 3) on tho cause of
tho dnngers to which vessels .carrying
coal are said to be peculiarly liable,
and.tho beBt'menns that can bo adopted for removing or lessoning the same,
Issued In'1897, may bo'reproduced ns
confirming, my; statement as to the
cause ,,'of spontaneous combustion- -
"Tho following theory of tho spontaneous boating of conl appears to us to
bo woll established. ' Coal naturally
abBorbB oxygen from' tho air, and , un-
dorgoes a process of siow combustion,
As this procosB goes on heat ls developed, and tho tompovaturo of tho,
coal tondu to.rlso,, Tho activity with
which oxygon Is absorbed Increases aa
the, tomporaturo rlsoa. . It appears,
thoroforo, that tho conditions docob-
sary" for tho spontaneous, hoatlnft of
tho"cool aro;~(l), Anuf.lctont supply
of oxygon;'(2) prevention of tho «b-
capo oftho hoot gonorntod, Thono
two conditions aro moro or loss incompatible Whothor tho coal hoots
or not dopendu upon whothor tho hoot
can or cannot oscapb as fast an It Ib
gonorntod. Slnco hoot pi-nuou away
moro rapidly (othor thlngn bolng
oqiml) tho hottor tlio coal, whilst tho
oupply of air for promoting combustion ls conditioned hy othor clrcum-
BtanooB, It often happens that tho tomporaturo of ft hoop ot cool will vino to
a cortaln -point whloh It will not pobb,
Tf a hoop'of coal la provontod from
coming In contact with air, no action
will occur,' and no heat will bo developed. On the other hnnd, If tha air
nupply bo so froo ns to onrry nwny
tho hont gonoratod at a oufftclcnt rato
n#nln, no hootlntf will Inlco placo.'' '
At a given tomporaturo tho rato of
1.     •*        •"   -»       i       i.       .I
pf .he miTfnrc ot Ihr* ronl In Itn volume. TIiub, othor thlnga bolnn ojjuol,
tho mora divided tho cotil the mort
--npldly will It f-baorb oxygen. On tho
othor hand ,tho cool cannot abaorb
-%t-i**wr** M>.1|.nH tV. a r\iryt*r** li- *1. «.■.* J .
'******'*•*      •-■•«*-*     v— ■*      '"J^-.»     *u    *.»*t,»\,    v*
be nbaorbed, and whon tho coal ia In
very email dust tbe rnto nt which the
air can penetrate tho heap ig only
small. #tt. thorefore, nppcara that
whon tho coal la In largo plnco* It
will only abaorb oxynen elowly, bo-
cauao of tho tcomparatlvely rcatrlctod
area of an .face which It oxposo* • while
If the coal U In very fine powder the
air will not be able to penetrate the
m*»» wjtto much trei-ioin, Thero fauat
theref?!1*, be a certain alze ot coftl at
which the rate of absorption will be
m mwimum.     Such an effect waa
observed 'byTjFay'ol,. (_Gtui^7sul,ffXl?
tevation'^t' la; Combustion 'spohta'ff^e
de la'-Houllle expose a'l'Alr,- Appendix
DD?%page 73),.who'abbws-that-'sniaiv,
coal'in ^heap's \ mixed ^withvcoal'ti-ast
offers' the;'jnofet; favorable .conditions,
for"heaUng;'a'cbnciusibn-which Is in
accordance with what has been observed In. practice,* for, when* cdaKbecomes
crush§ _{■'or- Is. naturally ..in' a *#&t\j- divided >state,' It *is7.mu5l_ ,'more,..liable
to' spontaneous "beating.. 7 If,- added- to'
this pecuiia'r-physical structure? .there
is the presence",of pyrites' lu *a'very-
fine state of division, there'can'be no
doubt that the latter exercises.a'very
important bearing- in respect bf .setting ,up' the .initial' heating, and rendering the absorption of the oxygen .more
rapid in consequence of its dtslntegrat-.
ing action. Moisture,in the air, would
8eem..to play, little 6r no part In' the
heating of th« coal;    „,    •/   y *   »■■
.' ^.The Combating of Gob Fires/ .'.
7,1.- When heating haB once broken
out in the workings of a mine the me'
thod of combating the same ls genr.r-'
ally as follows: (a)"if it occurs'in the
solid coal or on a road .side-by 'following along the fractures and loading out
all the heating cola. These places are
sometimes kept open and ventilated,
and thereby kept cool, and'sometimes
packed very tightly, with, sand or
ashes and damned off. *It.<is considered necessary in some cases to put
in"? good arches in the roadway, some^
times for a''considerable length, the
same being kept air-tight by plast'er-
ing-or claying'the brickwork.";, (b) If
heating .'occurs' in the*, gob or goaf
and", the same ,-is accessible, .loading
and "sending out* the 'heated material,
and filling the excavation tightly with
incombustible-material after cooling
of the' surroundings, " (c) If the fire
has actually broken out and the Ignited material .cannot'be removed, .or a
fire may.be suspected and cannot be
reached;-damming off the, area'-so as
to prevent;'as'far as Possible, all "access of air.*. '*■"''< A''*■ - 7 ,     * *-. y
2. With?regard to'the prevention^
o\ heating, in . the solid coal:—The
manner-of laying out the mine often
constitutes7 the'" determining factor."
When fire occurs'in'the solid it,.generally originates' in fissures. These
fissures-ar,1? formed by-Pressure; consequently, any-attemptsto prevent crush
naturally, tend to prevent'fire. •'* '
? 3.' Speaking ^generally, when fires,
occui-iriAhe-_iolid-they7*occur-either: y--
(a) At'or 'near the'-edge'of the shaft;
'pillar in ' long' wall f.worlcing8. in' thin'
seiiniBy';'(b):.'At stoppings built bet'
wj'",i mi'in intake^'and'returns....' (c\
Ii-'p.i'lar"s or narrow"ribs5of coal? (.i)'-
1\\ conl betw.een roads that; are" close
together:"*. In'all these cases a certain
amount of '.crushing .Jias" taken place,.
and sufficient air Is.permitted,to enter
in(.o th© coal tcAallow oxidation* and
heating to ■ take place, -while these Is
insufficient, "through"-yentiiatlon to
cijrry'qff the heat.      ".■ . A
, With' regard to (a): It'„foilows tliat
if the goaf Is packed solid,(e.g. ls packed ^by hydraulic stowage), air will not
travel along the goaf odgo/of.the pillars, neither would jtbere be, any frnc-
turoB* of "Importance In the coal near
tho shaft edge, (b) Pernnment stoppings of, this kind are often-made too
thin.;" With a coal rof or a-roof of
soft material fractures, arc sure to ensure as tho result of' pressure, and,
Under. tlios'o conditions'if thb coal iB
Hablo':, to , spontaneous" eombuatlon,
spontaneous cbmhustlon In the more
ot-rtnln to bronk out. If those stop*
plugs, are made much "thicker and tho
■..id-work ha's-ft cuBhlon of softer ma-
tor I al" abovo It, audi an orrangdmont
would tond.to solve ' thb'difficulty,
(o) Tho groat advantage of? hydraulic
Bto'wago Is evident in this connoctlon,
as It' would obvlato tho necessity of
rlbfl nnd plllnrs of cool .loft for tho
support of tho roof In "square work."
Tho only ribs thnt would have.to, bo
loft would bo those separating district from dlBtriot, (d) -There U no
nocoBBlty to drive roado In Buch close
nrbiclnilty aB to cnuso undue fracturing of tlio coal, hut bo much .trouble
hoe roBiiltod In some canon from bad
mnnogomont In Ihla ronpoct tlmt it
clnlmB attention.
Finally, wherovor tho hydrnullc
lyBtom of stowing tho gonf cannot bo
adopted, tho following procautlons
Bhould bo token with a vlow to prevent gob flrcai*      A   '
1. Tho extraction ns far fta poislblo
oMho whole of tho conl* oven though
It bo of an Inferior quality.
2. Tho withdrawn! of timber,,n« for
ob practicable from tho ffonf, for timber is moro easily Ignited than 'tl'*.
con). Ab Mr. Pickering put It, Mt
(timber) docs not cau«« the healing,,
but, aupplioB tho tlndor." If timber,
iB.ioft in tho goaf it prevent* tno re-
KuUr nub*Muiice ul tae root, j\ui_ Itincidi
to leave ot>cn spacefl. thus (acilltatlnq.
cxIdMlon.of mfttfrjal which would eth:
orwlso havo been covoroJ.
*. Tho goaves nhould lio pftckod bb
tightly ah poflslblo,
4, flate-road pocka ihould be mode
na wldo as possible, and woll and solidly'built.
,v Wages  andA prostitution?,
?7A ; y    ' \^^'itf$&$rt
^\:-    - '^    -■."...>'!'?    «-'"'---, (*^J|».V'.'
- ?,The 7- legislature 'r. of 7; Maosachu^etts'
some time ago created^* wage"; cpipmis-
sion.-for the ^purpoMAo^yJ^{_orii_igAa'
.minimum wage "in fc^rtein^industries",
in" that state. This,.commission"; after
a-report which contains"food.for.seri-''
OU31- thought. .* Amoi_g:i'^tth'er{?thln'gs
it is" here reported that^60'per"icent* of'
the "women employes 4n.-retail J'st^res
in?that Btate recelve^les'^thaiaelght
dollars per week,-^Of-the women who"
work in- cotton -mills.; 67 pef-j cent. reP'
celv'e less than eight- dollars per weelt?'
It;is'^also found*,that -4l'?per,. cent" of
"the candy workers, »10 per.^benttof^he
saleswomen, 16 per cent of the"laundry
wbffiers and 25, per? bent- of, Vhe .cbt:;
ton workers receive'less than fIve'clol-,
lars per 'week. *    7"''AA V-7'.*' A'?y?
'■*? We are not going /to*;-"comment on
these figures. They'speak most pathetically for themselves.i !in these'days
of'high cost of Hying *)thous"and_i of
women and girls who are driven by,
poverty Into the industrial scramble
are compelled to face the problem! the
tragic problem,- of* preserving their
womanhood at a.wage qf less than five
dollars-per week,,;To^-what extent,
failure marks their?^ffortB; is evident
all about ub if we have eyes to see the
results, the*appalling results of capitalist production/, -   '."*?-.    '■ •    * 7,
SAYS BISHOPS LEAVE,y   .        ,7'
-   * • y'i   ■     -    ■■■';•■ '.■   * •<■
• PORTLAND; Ore?, June 4—In-speak-
ing to the general topic "Church. "Unity,"; Rev? J. "N. Barry, of Baker, Ore?,,
threw,'.a bombshell "recently "into the
annual convention'of, the TUnlted .Cleri-
cus of-the Episcopal Church, which is
holding'a three 'days'/session- here. ,
* In .substance, ^Mr.'Barry .'said'that
too many.high-paid bishops'*consumed
the fat of the larid.in the Pacific northwest'and, British Columbia';' leaving
the lean and- little of 'that" for- the
ciergy.*'-'       .•■'-..   •■   -**'''    .,*  '
yy''    ,     *    '   SUBSIDISE MOTHERS
..J .::
..-'.-  - ■t'-'j-
5'-jV.*- ■'?"'*-.
■;,ift:  -Vv-'i..-'.
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:Danlel'Buckley," a storage passenger
bVthe Titanic,^told"!Senator", Alderi
Smith''at the' Waldorf-Astoria;yNew"
York,* -hbw'^ the..steerage "passengers
were.locked'down and how. they" had,
to break through ta^gate'to\get their
women anywhere-near, where the.lifeboats were filliigA-   - 'l ■ .'■    ■-'._«
T...j-.-.     ~-..-.r-.     ^.-;<w, -,
t—tat- 'S-ys-i >y
"--•At Danbury/Conn:;'one .of the, em-,;.  ,_,, .,    ,_
ployees of a'?unioa hat ehop,?cancelled 7; ?7_'7. A-7J
hiB membership^in-the,union;arid, ac-v7':-y ": V^'i'l
cording to agreement,'Wa8*,di'scharged,;v ,! . -7Sk *
He brought.aultior damages and lb-jt.' 7*' • A;-,,A
The decision*" makes clear",the' right?off\ *">?*'- 7A;
employeris to make agrwmentswlthla-.' ■;*:•'->;'•,-}''' A*
bor organizations for.the closed-shopA' V7*7 •-'.'"
,-•  .SSS'   .,.-" AV yy--y:Sts^S;sXr'y>7i
LumbSr fop all;
\ **'-
-'.here, at;*any .'time and>'In: any" '
'  quanity.** ■ You".cannot, syrami)."
us 'with: a [ large, order,*'' or7gIve-'?
us so.small a one,that wejwlli-;;.
A?not attend to-It?,','  " ~'S7y7y. ]'
:-JOISTS. SHINGLES, Etc. , /,,
' for any' kind. of. building you,-
,  may-be "at7work upon*. ' Havey
* ub" send you, what > you. want;'
" when' you want' it.   '•"' ■ -7'    ;-;g'
■I'r      '
, -   •_, , * ■>, "»<_■ ^
'*  ^*f -/'Ay
,- tr
n'»?     Ik       v. «"y
Public school tocher* throughout
tho country rocolvo lojgon an ovcraBO
than IBOO t\ year for tholr iervlcea, or
about $3 a ,!(,>• for the actual number
ef day* taught, or ut the fltte ot $1.00
a day for the actual working day*
of the j-fiar. o<*cot||[ln« to tbe ftnnoftl
report of the commleltoner of education. ,; •   , ,
'PARIS, June?4!—M? Messimy, who
was. minister of war In the last cabl-
n'et? has^ laid'* before,'the .chamber of
.deputies _. a',-proposal rto' make states
■grants? to-mothers, of more than four
children.? 7/ This1 proposal .'is probably
inducedAby ,.the-" vital statistics' A of
France,ifor last, year, which showed
only. -742,114 births,' against"r'776.983
deaths.;' The-plan is likely to^cause
di_fcu'ssibnvfo'r-7M.', Messimy -suggests,
that the """money -reciulred -should) be
ralsed'.by ,,a£ -tax?' on",,.bachelors'''and^
have- only''one' child.; ■ " - - • -'* ° '-^ - \
He.suggests .that' every ^French
mo ther. should receive' when tier-fifth
child is( bonii either' 1.20 ;cash br.-jhalf,
that amburit 'and 'have the' Other half
invested for' him. , Payments'jfor.ea'ch.
succeeding child would be' made vac,-,
cording "to a'sliding scale. 'ySS^.X'''
...M. Messimy calculates that'a wbm*an(
,who had eight children before she was
31" years .old would' receive .a' pension*
of $21 or- thereobouts from the age of
60 to death.'  "'■  A'   '*?"y' ' f'"
Arabia !r • " -• *ifCri«; "..-   ';> UcOaai _.*:   H-.tNonr^f i; ;'■'", ir-Soudt*?
yAtgea&nSefuhBe DtaauA . ;)■■•'.  kdaad -■ ""^Vmow -vi'-.-.f"-.Southikftfai  ' '- ?~c-'•'*'
< ,Aiutrali» ? •     ' Errpi --'7--*     "■  !■*•'-> ,*',, ,■ Pcnaa ;, '■'.:'. 7"Vf* Spain *■ , ■ •,'',- * >)'*•    ,'v
+, Au-trii-Hanory . FaroeUaadi y,   Ir______l .7T_.   f.PW*»,'*>' v'.>.- .. 7StraHaSt^tWiwcta ,% _
,- ,f tBdpum $ . ,  , ..^Kolantl. ..*.(.'. - -vltaJy       k,\,    .   PUpplaaTiilaaJa./Sweden-..    ,,*
J.^-,vB^_-_l -■■ A, ..-" 'fh—   I r. -.: i.-Jaga-i ',. ■ .-      ' Port-jf-T     ' ,/>-*- Swit«cri»«J " '•;' -..  -'. , "".. ■ ..
',■• CeyK-" ' y.  ■    -Fy_hCo_Ma China Mafia - <s .Kmh —'-.-•"/ ' VoiUsdStalw .   -   ■ -7ry: ?-,
■    Chili       ' v Gmuuijr' >W -_..' .Maodwrff. -'.• ' iSenia<. »«»,-..,  , Vra_pay     ,  -,  ,
V"*. China ., 7..'-*>-QraMBiMB '.^Morieo^., :.,_ \ SU» T* A/ V~W« Wta. •_»--
Thie, amount ef these drafts is stated in tha __w__«7 rf the country-where Uwy ars payable 5 tliat is ther, are drawn Sir sterling, tnacB, moMiu, lire, .kronen, florins, yen,
taela, roubles, etc., as the case may be.  TUs ennaras that the payos1 abroad win '
, receive the _-ct____l amount in^eaded.'.     --•;«i ~\    _„*7-A v- A?' ■;-', \'fir 4""A__H.
FERNIE. BRANCH?.   7t 7'
Femie-Fort Steele
Brewing Gli,, Ltd,
".     .1(7
Beer ■;>'*
■ '  ■      .A>
Bottled Goods a Specialty
A Flash of
7 In Junt fu» llkoly lo atrike
tho houso of the uninsured
• * ■..nr) tin thnt of bit. rnnr-> pru.
d«nt? neighbor.    No rmlldln.."
is Immune.
* '    *• I
Better Have
Us Insure
you nnd have* a,  llghtulnif
clause altaohod to tbo policy,
■flion you needn't worry ©very '
timo thore is s thunderstorm.
•-, "*        '    ' ,     -''  '.
80.0 Agent for Fernie
„ ?,'.*'"■*     v* "■''- '•'"""" .   "■ •' "  ;■"••'   '.*":-,'    ■ .1- ■. y : --!>.'* .. '•.- •; ; ."•
\ " SIR EDMUND WALKER, CV.O,, L__.D.,D.aL, Phesident      ,
'•y,A, '■ 'AV-7i- ALEXANDER LAIRdA'Geneiia_?.Mana__er':-. ?"A'„7A*,-t 7i,7,''
cAPiTAu^r $10,060,0^: 7a^ -Xy fm^%^i&sxtoX
Everfibratieh.ofThe Canadian Bank: of Commerce is equipped to S_3_rae drafts •• ,"
theprincipal ci ties, inthe fo-lowinsr countries without delay j ^."<,, '_, '*,. 7,,?   A
,*.;.   Africa * A 'V-~- CMa   °«:f'  -: -   Gfece*     .--.,,■'   ," New &a____l,A^_5W__a1-**'" I-,-. ot .
■ it
^..yy        ? L..-A. 8V, DACK.  Manager,
.'.;- . ■ , *-.*•'-7.••■;,-;>».I>w. 'yt-r- ty.yi-,...
*      - > -   * ____: -      >   '        ^ "■
i )t
•J. v.-.    V
■I      ■' 1^".  'i:ii&-, i"''',.'*,' *
 •'■ _\*. ■*     •-j.  • .'.vt-. *■ '~y
;-.       \\S  ;,yy:f7w    '''-'■'.•*'" ^7y- A 7 A ",-
•Fpr/a perfume;that ishot^veakcncd^by^adhlteration.'
' or foreign chemicals.   Oii-}.qiiai;jtei\.offa'dj'6p, of 7   y -
!'-,;'?~ y   -A'.''''A' .'" *' A' ;■'''■■.£< S"ySS\yy-  y.SlS-rZ.'tt
Midame Sherry Eerfum-3
-'   ■. > 'i        ■ ,    •■  -7-     ',,-., -yy.  y.•„'•.' "■'■■ .   ''
; .        y   •";*,,• .     ■.,*■', ■";' "'..'v    7   *'.•.■."'•
is qnbu^h to usey'This pprfume is one ofrofimentand.'
rare' delicacy,, con tains all the. violet.iprinciples^-f the' '■
, .lil6wers.r. A penetrating pbrfamo<i*who_j6,.uso-' suggosts.,5
' i:efin'moht and taste.   .   ." -•'".„ ,   ' ',": yyX. .. .XX'"
',!^A:.A-   y,AA.?^    fA ^.\y/,\\t f, -^, J/ A
Bleajsaell's Driig; Store 1
Capital*-Paid Up.,v.....,.,...i „.$ 2,R70,ooo
Reierve and Undivided Profits ,,, 3,500,000
Total Assets .; ••-•.>-,*.-.'44,000,000
Just aB a Buccoan.ul merchant onak-OH every
.effort to glvo his ouototiiora courteous, efficient attention, bo do tho officers of the Bank
of Hamilton ondoiwor to rendor to depositors
every sot-vino consistent-with bonsorvatlvo
banldng praotlco.    -■   I -\ ,    *-   '.
No deposit is too small to assure tho do-
posltor connlderato treatment—-tbe savings
, " accounts of tboso In moderate circumitan6es'
aro welcomed with courtesy, ond with ab-
sonco ot unduo formnllty which makes bank*.
Iiik a convenience nnd n pleasure.
J, R. Sioati. Affcnt
Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
•   .1 -••.    . y . .
«-» c_»
'I    1)
;     'High class, selection of ,   ,
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
Try The Ledger For Job Work: ^"f&S.v*-'
^.7"r7.^■~> -a.-'W-j--.'\y
; .   -.■>...,.i,
i. ?.*.*,r*. J
->u > ry
" A-.*- . Vi
f. H-.fv
"■I"" ,
■■>■".?    i ->
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■ -a  *■ -fc >■-'-.,   .
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5*K,' _r;.-"h$-*.*AA"A.A^c>7?:^ »/.'   ;
.fSn -' '^-y^^**:.',**y? '-^y-A "■■-"7-*-v.j,T '   '.a'v-^-.sS/.-.::;:^'^."-' ■■-'••!  —y-r-.' ?■.;■.-»- *t-**--^-"-<--'r *^^_
THE:b*ffiTW6T^l^SES, FgRNlE,; B; C.,JU^.8,-1912A
-'•,  v-i  *.   *
*. * 'i-~
"■" £
;; You're always welcome here
,*.Glean,Rooms; Best of
i;   AFood and every 7
;Xxi,   'attention.?- .•*'
THOS DUNCAN, passburg.
L. E. McDonald
:-' : / HORSESHOEING,,     ■'•
'.' -,.-''■'■•   «■.*-.. 4i. *-''
, -   ' „. <_  v r .ji . ,        '      v
,, -• ,  ;y * 7,.and  -; 7   -*, ?; ■ ;
7'X ] CARRIAGE" BUILDING   \    ,;
Express and'Delivery Wagons a
■'    /   ,■? ,-J8peclality -\ -*-' •
h   "i*-
'- 1..
^Wholesale Liquor . Dealer
• t
• t
• c
• r
■ _
. t
• I
".'■'»'   ' '   .  '. *'A A   *■ -: ",7-
Aercnt   Fcrtiic* Bratuste ,
Pella-tt* I Ave.    Nortibi
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
yy v.. * "Gents', Furnishings      ..- ,A
'~       ' ,* '   1   ' r « r       *"A        **" *    \~ T*'  --n*'   " ' '.
,Jb'apres • Leon XIlA-lesyS'conBeQuen-
ce's'deBastreuses" du Sbcialis_ne""sbht:
v.-,.,.      ....   -1  ,  *     .     ■•••i^-pAv •;■
E -,(a) -La-perturbation dans .tous les
Vangs de la "societe. "(h) "Urie' odleuse
et Insupportable servitude? A*tc).'Los
jalousies et haines de:.toutea"?„sb"rtes.,*
*(d/,La suspension de "toute^ jle-"so;
ciale?  • (e) I?a pauvrete, et.la'-mlsere'
universelle's.       ,.-  -,  ' '?■' "A_ A?-^*,
,.. On ne sauralt fournir,*une~ plus belle"
prquve'deTignorance de Leon-XIII en
fait-de Socialismel que la-?.publication
^de ce *qu'il en 'donne?c6_n_ne "consequences 'desastreiises.    7 .' '-  >,--■' A? "
Lev regime capitallste a ,-toutes les
consequences   desastreuses- Indlquees
par- Leon XIII et. c'est- poiir-remedler
a, ces consequences que nous offroris
le Socialisme.        .A    "7'77A
'La   perturbation existe aujourd'hui
dans tous; les* rangs' de- la' societe et
cela pour, la'slmple raison qu'on eiileve
sans cfessVa la grande majorite sa propriete pfivee—le resultat de sessueurs
pour la'donn'er'a une,-petlte mlnorlte.
•Le but des sociallstes n'est pas' d'en-
lever- a leurs prop'rletalres' actuels le
petit coin de' terre qu'ils cultlvent, ni
leur" chaumlere,-* nl;. leur boutique,, nl
leurs meubles; etc. * ■'   7    - '7' -V
..Jjeur^ biit-est de remettre, etc'lea
mains des producfeufs.jentre les mains
'de'.rhumanite ^entiere.^ies resspurces
naturelles ainsi'que tout ce qui ne'peut
rester propriete prlv'ee sans ^menace'r
la liberte'et le blen etre d'un.member
quelconque.de la famille humalne.V-Et
nous allon smontrer que cela s'est fait
dans.le passe et' se fait de nos'jours-
chaque' fols que", le* peuple1 trouve'.a
chose 'desirable?' '•*'',„      .'-, \", ,7;
„' "Ce?pays appartenalt autrefois aurol
d'Angleterre qui exploitait les colons a
son' prof it.'.-, "Un'beau jour, les colons
Amerlcains, fatigues' de payer, tribut
a'desetres aussi inu'tiles\que'n'usibles
qui" E'cngralssaient-'a leurs depenB,' ne
declare'rent tout'.simplement llbres et
Independants et chasserent a coups de
fusils' les clients du' roi qui youlaient
les ,m~ainten.r esclaves.
' Volla. une , soixantaine d'annees  il
etait legal dans-ce., pays de, posseder
des esclaves. A jDlver'sfes "decisions" de
la Cour. Supreme mirent les droits de
propriete  au-'des'sus"7'des droits  hu-
niains?   Mais un'.-beau-. jour ■ le ,president'. deB Etats-lTnls, l'immortel  Lincoln. lanca'June proclamation liberant
les esclaves.'-Les;marchands de chair
humalne.'se revolterent contre"une" de-,
- k *< 7 ***.   n'-'     .
J 1 (        s • ■ ,    ' * "
7 delivered    to.;all A
)   ?parts of the. town*;
*, „ ' ' t, \
'     J       - ■>•;* J '    f     ' *■ 1  *        ' "" ' *
8ander«? A 'vVerhaest Brothers.
and Sale Stab.es
lA-.''Flr8t?cias8 Horses-for 8aie.7
i.lBuys* Horses on'Commlalon, •■'
A   - ■    7*"'    " ■■"-      ' A;A
iSeopgeJartoh , Phone 78
Hosmer B.C.
- .
/Pay Day Specials
Apples, por box1,'; ,,,;,.,$2,15'
Mnccaronl i>er bo\  /.I1.B0 -
Spudi, cwt. .............fail
lemons, por doz    .80
Ornnuos, regular 76 for .. • .80
A*    rogulnr .50 for.. 40)
"', rogulnr ,40, for ....   .30
Bulk Ton, regular .50, now   .28
'Tomatoes, 0 cans for ,...,$1,00
Poos, Donnn Corn, mlxod
<' 0 dans for  $1.00
This Sale applies lor Cash only,'
1 '    n' '      i ■    '   '   ,   ' , '    '. "*
y".>y A':.-,1   - v <?• ':■;-v
■7^ ^.H^ir Dressing*,
,;y7-p0()i':-, ,.;..'v-".;;-.
i     ■■ f i, * * •  *     r
'"  . Cigars  .[. '
Tobaccos  .'/.
'::y Bowling AUeiy
.,,'-"..,,-     '    -i -
D f o p I n
claratlon qui mettait- la vie humalne
, , v -   j-^-~ i.   '   .-       - - *-
longue' guerre "pour.[leur-falre;com-
prendre raisori,.'marB i'esclayage- fut
aboli. -  :_' '--.-,A' A'" '.''''   '"' '"   ,-
Nous arrivons aujourd'hui.a.une autre., periode dans'la/:n^arche .progreB-
slve de l'humanite quand :de nouvelles
barrleres devront *etro..detrultes dana
l'Interet-de la-race humalne.   ,
r,La'propriete prlvee des ressourcea
naturelles, des moyensde transports,
des moyens de production,, etc., met
contlnuellement   en ■ danger' la' vie
meme de centaines de1 mllle personnes."
Et encore une fols nous aliens mettre
les 'droits   humalns   aii*deB8UB'  deis
dfoitB de.propriete 'en' declarant pro?
pirlete'collective tout.ee blue est col-f
lectivement usages, * 'at si lea mil-
llbnnares d'aujourd'hul veulent Bulvre
l'exemple du rol Georges et des eacla-
vagistes, tant pis  pour lea million-
naires', '-■  Mala  nous   osohs . eBporer
qu'ils seront'plus raUonnableB.et pre-
ferorpnt obolr dux lots do l'Evolutiom
plutot que de Buhlr les cohsetiuences
d'une revolution.    S'lls cont ralsonn*
ables lis auront l'aBaiirance d'une vie
tout ausBl houreuse et boauooup plus
utile'en:regltno soclnllst© qu'actuelle-
La.deuxlemo objoction n'aura pas
grand offet Bur Iob mlHlorB d'ouvrlors
qui vlvcnt aujourd'hut sous un roglmo
do. travaux forces ,quand co n'ost pas
un roglmo do chomagos forces., ,
Aujourd'hui .ceux qui travaillent et
produlsent pourvolont aux boBoinB do
tons ot co-Bora 'do memo on Soclalismo
avoo cbtte dlfforonco que tous coux
qui, Beront cltpahleB do travalller devront avoir une occupation utllb'quo-*
conqu«-et pad suite.11'ne faudra.pas,
grand travail' de la part' de chacua "
pour fournir le luxe a tous, tandis.qu'-;
aujourd'hui la majorite? de'la-popular,
tionvit sur le dos de. la'minority qui
trav'aille et produit?r* * Et cette "mincH
rite de producteurs vil dans la mlsere
alors que la majorite ,de noh-pro'duc-
teurs vit dans le luxe. .*■ '.'• '"\,
..'.La' trolsieme' objection comme"'les
autres resulte du regime" actuel. *" La
hain« et la" jalouise sbnt1 actuellement
en 'permanence dana la societe capitallste'.""' _ ' . -"-'•- -
": La" quatrieme1 objection est pluto°t
amusante. .' D'abord ? les sociallstes
n'ont, nullement l'inte'ntion de met-re'
en commun"*tous les bieus et par suit
l'objection tombe d'elie-meme. y Eu-
suite-cette objection de la" part d'u)i
pape n'est guere logique, ' vu * que let
premiers Chretiens etaient des commn-
nistes, et, ainsi que nous l'avonsdejr-
ecrit dans ' ce journal, ** plusieurs des
Peres de l'Eglise tbnn'alent contre la
proprlete/privee'et prechaient la mise
en commun de tous les biens. (Priere
au redacteur, de* "l'Echo" de lire le
Nouveau Testament.) " ,
7 La cinquieme objectlbn plus que
toutes les autres ,montre combien peu
Leon -XIII, comprenait la question
economlque et le Socialisme. II avait
pi-obablement en vue, la manne' de
l'Anclen Testament ^et se representalt
l'Etat'remplissant-.la1 fonction duTere
Etefnel. *' ." '.?A •;, "-
?; Le ,fait est," et II le dit avec grande
raison, 1'abondance 'des biens.est le
produit du* travail intellectuel iet
manuel. ; Alors-comment se faitil que
cette abondance se trouve aujourd'hui
entre les mains de ceux qui ne travaillent* nrmanuellement nl lntellectuelle-
-ment. ■ • * " ,,' y ' • *;,,<
'" II est tout simplement ridicule de
croire-'qu'un ouvrlervoudra produire
'moins quand - son travail, lul donnera
tout le necessaire etencoreun peu de
luxe, que-maintenant quand"son .travail luifournit a peine le necessaire.
"On aura'centainement plus de gout
quarid'on'.travaillera'r pour soimeme
qu'on n'en'a-quand on travaile pour en-
rlchir un autre. - .    .
Quel, gout peut-on* avoir aujourd'hui
a embelllr une;propriete qu'on loue,
sachant, surtout que si on l'embellit et
lul donne' plus".-de yaleur on en*sera
recompense, par une-augmentation de*
loyer. / A,J;."^:,- .-.,] r &   ,
Mais quand .chaciin pourra posseder
une maison .et un jardin, il y aura con-'
eurrenceippur savoirfqui aura les plus
belles fleurs; le plus beau jardin, etc.
On aura dVgout et du temps et on'ne
verra plus les ignbbles taudis^ si nom-~
breux aujourd'hui. - o '7"'
Avec le,redacteur de "l'Echo nous
.-,*..    „       i HEGULATIONS
COAIi'mtning: rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon-Territory, the North
"West- Territories and-in a portion of
the-'-Province .of British Columbia, maybe leased for a term of- twenty-one
years at an annual rental of-Jl an acre.
Not more/than 2,560 acres wll be leased
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
.by the applicant- in person to the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which-the rights applied for are situated. - . . , -- ■ -
In surveyed territory'the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of. sections,-and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied.for shall.be
staked out by the'applicant himself.
. Bach aplication must be accompanied
by a fee of ?5 which .will be refunded if
the, rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise.' - A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable outpyt of the
mlne'.at the rate .of five- cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with"'sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining
rights are not beiftg-operated, s\ich
returns should be furnished at'least
once a year.     - \ • ...       \
Tho loa60 will include the coal mlsing
rights only, but thc lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever avallablo
surface rights may' be considered necessary for tho working of the mlno
at the rate of .10.00 an acre." , ..
For full information - application
should be made to the Secretary of the
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
" "    -       W.-W. Cory,''
,.  Deputy Minister of the Interior*.
-N.B—Unauthorized publication,of this
advertisement will not be paid for.
a    i      „ ^ l   --' .1   ' >    -'
TheQuain Electric Co., Ltd.
- "'.,_. V-        '      ' '       -,    V ■•"■"     ,    ' "■   A'
Electrical. Engineers       a
A>: .   'Electrical Supplies8c Fixtures',.*      ,
& Vaeiini 7
Telephone, arid
Power Line
BELLEVUE, Alberta       v
''■';'Every '.;
7 ..convenience
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
... William; Evans,-Proprietor  ,
' Head Office
Cranbrook, B.C.
Fernie & Medicine Hat
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund ....
-      D. R?
6,000,000      Capital Paid  Up  ..?.., 5,996,900,  ,
5,996,900   '   Total Assets      72,000,000 .
WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie,' Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke,' Vancouver-and Victoria.
^    Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from, date of deposit.
GEO. I. B. B.ELL, Manager
admettrons ,que- le tSocialisme est- un
reel- danger.7- "Un danger .pour-^tous
les olseaux nocturnes qui detestent la
lumlere.'.un^danger pour les taiidis
maiaalns,- tin,danger pour les malsons
de prostitutions, un^danger.pour ceux
qui s'enrlchissent en( vendant' du- poison, un danger pour les -voleurs; et les
faineants?' e£ volla1 pourquol v'TEcho"
combat le Socialisme et voila pour-
quoi l!Unlon. des Travallleurs combat
en sa fayeur.;-    y *       ,
' Nous.'Bommes ent_ayeur de tout ,'ce
qui tend a erndre l'Humanlte mellleure
et plus heureuse. Et volla pourquol'
nous aimons Ia lumiere et ne craig-
nohs aucunement ceux,qui nous com-
batteriti, " .  ../'
' La reltgione del capltalismo.
1.,' Beat! I disoccupati porcho essi
Baran clbatl di zuppa e copertl dl vest-
itl uflatl dal ricchi carltatevoll. Boatl
son coloro cho domandano niento per-
olie essi non roBteranno ma) doluet o
2, Prima cho gll nltri la facclano' a
to falla tu a loro.   , '■  , „ , •
Pa tutto' il tuo moglio per avoro van-
taggio bu tutti, (alio preBto, con solle-
cltudlno. - „
3, So 11 tuo viclno da a te uno
acliiaffo sulla guanicn. tu rlflpondlgll
con .in'nBHt-Htato cazzotio sotto la
tnaacolla, BoogU,  non cade una tutto
■ - *"v -,   ..,*■-, •     -
. ' '  ■>     ".-■***   ,.   --,        *       1   ' '
Liquor Co. •
i*   „r /i    - _ (
^ ' i
, ..Wholesale Dealers in
.'   '7'>:';■.:■'"'•' '"':      '    •
'7'' '     " ,
■A'V7~ ;
Feraie Academy of Shorthand
and Typewpiting
Two  Classes Weekly.    Tuesdays  and  Fridays
*  ; from:7.30to°9.?30 in the evening
Private lessons and select classes by^arrangement      '
Tel. 179 Evenings
48A' Days
Mail, Orders receive
prompt attention
&  Motor Cyclcis
If yoij are thinking of getting a Bicycle or Motor Cycle
See John Minton, Fernie Bicyle Store
He has high-grade Cycles to suit any intending purchaser.
The.C. C. M. Motor Cycle, nothing better; go as slow as you
like and as fast as you dare.    Sole agent for following wheels:
and any other make of machine supplied to order.*   Beware of
* Cheap Cycles—they are Dear,
v' Cycles on Hire".    Accessories.   Repairs neatly executed.
dT*T« of Ohio, city or Tflitno,
Viuhk J, CilitMtr nrnkw with that lm In (tfnlo.
unrtiiiT of tli* ilrm of v, i. Cubnwv * Co.. tinmg
ixmlnuM in tlio City of Toledo. (Joiwtty ». d Btnto
nfornwiid, mid thut mild Ilrm will pay^Hio »um of
PVI- HUNOltl-l. IXit.l_AHH tot ,oa_h »nd overy
"•*< ,-it oat*win tlmt eniiiib- Iki ruroo by tlm m o'
(Ti.i__'»cmHiwctniR,   „„.„., , ,;„„„„„
Bwom to hnforo mn ond •nitMcrtbrtl In >ny prcwnM,
ttit* «tl« d«y ot i)iicomi)or, A. v., tm,
i tUi, I y ' Nhmmy Vvvita,
IfSrl Cuurm euro l« UiVen intomnliy on'I srti
<ll.rclly \iixiti tlio tdowl »nn iiuienui mirr**« of tin
,y.,em, J"-'"V.WliW* CO.,T5odo,0
fluid liy till nnirelntf, Jto.     >
't'ftW. It. II'* F»AllV l'Ula tOt Ml'llllMtlOtl.
List of Locals District 18
..iU, A, NAME ■    .    ■ . . 8EC, and P. O, ADDRESS .'";
29   UnriWicuu  f, .vneitUoy, liuiihiicuii, Aii»*. ,- ,(
4bi \liii*\*e Ctval, V, Oauthlou, tiUm-r Cret-lr, vln V\nfU-r
* m   Uollovuo." J. Burke, flo.loviio, Pranlt, Altn.
•ties   nintrmorc ..: D. J. OIimo, ninlrmoro, Altn.
OIO% nuVrnla  Jos', Dorbyshlro, niirmln, Altn.
•2227   Cartondnlo,,....i. -T. Lonnborry, Cnrbnndnlo, Colomnn, Alta,    -
20311  Colomnn ;W« (Irnhnm, Colomnn, AHn. ..^   (
•2877   Corbln , U. Jonos, Corbln, 1), C.
1120   Chinook MlnoB ,.,. P. IColly, Dlnmond City, AHn,
:B178  Dlnmond City,.'...,Albert Znk, Diamond City, LotUbrldga,
2314   Fornlo ./..., t..... Thou". UpliHl, J'-orhlo, B. C,
t2fl,1   Frnnk ,,,.,,. Jns. Konnody, Prnnk, AltnA
*407.\Hosmor ..,. W, Dnldorstono, IlOHmor, JJ. C.
.OKA   Tllilrroftt *J. O. JonoH, TTIllcrt'ut, Altn.    , ''
lothbridgo  I* Mooro,   60., Slj'.tecntb St., North T-<:thbrldgfl.
._oU.brId.-0 ColliorlM Frank Barlngham, mc, vln., Klpp, Alta,
Lift* W. L. Bv«n», Lille, Frank, Alta
Maplo Loaf B. Tarker, Maplo Utt, UcUovim., AUa.
Mlfhel............ M. Burroll. Mlebel, B. C. -.
Monnrrh Mlno..... 8. Moorcrott, Monarch Mlno, Tnbor, Altft.
raaaburg  "J. Kluacarltfl, rasBbarff, Altn,
Roynl Vlow Thou, Jl. Fl nl.or, Itoynl Colllorlea. T/«thbrl(lg«», Alt'
Tabor A. Patterio n, Tabor, Alta.
Tab«r.„,„ ,,. Jn Wll ton, Tabor, Alia..i
, eGNO
How many young mon
cnn look buck on tlielr
enrly llfo nud reRrot tliulr
tnlHilcodfl. . "Bowiiitf tlielr
wilil oaU'' in vnrioiiH wnya,
Kxcossch, violation of un-
turn's Inws, "wino, women
nml hoiik"—-nil linvo tlielr
victims. Yjou linvo re*
fori.led but what nbout Uio
aecd yon hnvo nowii—wlint
alwuttlie bnrvcBt? Don't
triut to luck, Jl jou ura
ot pro so ul within lho
chitclu'Hof nny nccret habit
which ia fuipDiiiK your life
liv (Ipitith! if vein nri» wif.
fcriiiff from tho rcstilU of
ij,i.->t iutYt.if.uilf>iii-; il >wui
uloorth-ithccti Inlntotl from
dare not mnrry; If yoii nro mnrricd nml livo in dread of s> inpioiiut brwkiwir
out and cxpor-iiiK vour pniti if you nro trnfTcrlug ns tho result of n inifnipoiit
llfe-DRS. K, &. K. ARE YOUR REFUGE., Uf your cnaa before
earn ani! all Diieaiei Peculiar to Men,
OTP.. WAT.W mti n<»ok" r^tSr/U'tVS^'JJ1*"* ""■^'••eallwlu
foreQ-.«UmDlMkfor , IIO-tH.  TIIWATMBNT .
Cor. Michigan Avo. and GrUwold St.. Detroit, Mich.
tHflB^NOTICE All Iflteru from Canada must lie addreeieil to our
Pf MMHMM-MM Oiiiailun Corr^»I»n'lencc Dep.irtmeiit in Windsor,
Ont. If you cleaire to mo u» |wr«»nally call at our Medical JnitUulo in
Detroit uu we ice ond treat no p*ti«nti In our V, tod«ir officf s which «rc
uicl„fqr covrcitwiiduKc nti'l f.ibor.itory tor Cnnrtdlin hiHfnem onlj*.
AddreM all lettera a* follows: -■  -
" DBS. KENNEDY & KENNEDY, Wlndior, Onh
Wriu for our private luMreu.
clo cbe puoi trovaro a portata di mnno
so con quoBto non rioscl nd nttorrnrlo
inflla ln strndn o nlutnti bono con lo
gambo poicho la sta la tun' BAlvozssa.
4, VlBltnndo 1 povorl o ,1 dorollttl
nbbl cura Bompro dl ossoro vostlto dol
tuol ablM mlgllorl o Borvltl dl una
c'nrrozzn guldnta dn un sorvo. IUcor-
dntl cho olo o duopo )>or Imprlmoro
nolla monto dol po'pollno quoirinflu-
onza clio I ban vostltl dovono nvor
Bompro bu«1I opproBBi, gll nffnmntl,
gll nmmnlntl o 1 dostltutl,
- 5, Qunndo i povorl bI dlmoHtrnno dl-
Boontontl o mnlinoonlcl ccrcn dl far'
loro cnplro cho ohhI appnrtongono nd
mm clnuiio dl cui lo Scritturo pnrlnno
O  BOBtonKOllO ilHHOI'O  IltlCOBHIU'ln.
0, Fn cho ohb! vivnno dl npornnxn 11
plu cho Hia poBHlbllo, unit iiromoiiHiv
noHtn molto mono dol puna o dolla
onrno n nl dlRftrlBco molto fnrllmnnto,
como In zuppn dolla onrlin.
7. Quuiido da I loro .voHtltl o pnno
hIii tun fiurii dl ImprltmM-o nolln loro
ment 1 II fntto cho II nontro wtvlo Pndrn
nuiiiilu loro auollo coho it inuzzo uio ..
clio nol tuttl slamo mcmlirl doilu tu.I-
vci'Bitlo frntolhinen iimnnu <> dlfforln.
mo Holumonto In (.rndo fnt noi; clo
dura loro  una  mlKlloro coiit'iizlono
ii^Mi  nnlArri'i 1inn(i  ill  Hln
'     WHAT 18 A SCAD7
Tho Iron City TrntlfH Jotinml lutiutst
th*» followlnn word rdriuro of i* ncuh'.
"ytor Qod hnd flril»diod llio nitth.-
snnko, tho toad nnd tlm vnmplro Ilo
lind Komo nwful "Bubslnnr.i" left with
which Ho mnfle n nrnb.    A nenb Ih n
two-loRirod nnlmal with n t-ork-»crow
houI. ti wnlor-fiOKifod brnln nnd n ram-
Mii-illon hiicUbone n.».U- i>f Jtlly nu-l
■.hio,    Whoro othor lwoplf hnvo their
Ik-aiU hu cittri-ui.  h Ulimn1 u.   uitUili
j prltK'Iploii. Whon tho acnb comoi dywn
itho ftut-t honoNlmon turn i.n-lr bat-VtH.
hlio tuiRolfl weop tonra In ll^nvon nnd
j tho dovll ahu.a tho RntoH of hell to
i k<*»'ti hlin out.    No man !i«h ;i rlftlit to ,
-«_..b ii-:. luui; a.* tUcu In i. V.uul uf v.atcr,
tlcpp onoiiKh to drown hla body in, or
r- n,po lonjt enough to lmnK bin rnrciieh
Keeping Track
of Household
Thore are many forms of Housekeepers' Ex-
iponso,. Books doviscd to keep account of the
expenses of tho household, but tho simplest and
most cortain mothod is to deposit tho month's ol-iV
lowanco in tho Bank and pay Dills by cheque. At
tho ond of tho month all tho cheques will bo roturnod, with tho passbook accurately mado up.
Tho ontrios in tho passbook' will givo tho itemized
oxpensos for tho month, and l.osido this, tho returned choquos aro your receipts for tho accounts
paid,  (
J, F. MACDONALD, Manngor.
Brnnchcs and connections
throughout Canada
Fornio Branch.
Dr. Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison |
• t . .. . * r, - . ti ,. i'.., ... <i , ' ».,.,. v..^(.t.« iv,<«.t.,,««._*.»■•
Vitrlvoai) Volii«, 11} Urocele, lllimi! iiutl SUlii 1>|-,orilrr«, Suro riri-rn, lilit-
nrrt flliHlilcr nml llrptut DUnritrrit, r.r., nml t'ontrnrtril Allmrntit,
Vtwintt (llnmt InriiMiiinntloii, Dlil Cltnuilc ('(itiitlltoii*.
i ''
Museum of Anatomy
In thl* -irrftt Mmiftim In hIiowii tiy Uto »U<* modttln, monttrotltltt*,
liormnl flii.l /ilnifirinnl c-omlltlurm nf thn vnili>'i« p«rt» of tit* body, llltl(i»
trnlltiK fuHj- lintli unite nml rlinmli* ill«rn»t-n nt mm.
Free Consultation and Advice
MV MOTTO I a.'1-.K, I.ASTI.Vll <iV Alt *NTi:i:t»  Ct IH.M   AT   MOIIKft-
ati: <_o<»r,
t:»prrl Mrdfral KmnlnNll.i-a I'rrt-, Vrtt lUnmlnafliiM *t I'tln*
Wbrn »rrr»»»rj-. C'niikult Mf—litnt:. Uaii't t)«t»M I.fU.1. ere
itauK«-ru>«. I'ell or writ*. I'rr*- llliii.lt. K.*rithl_i_r «_iafld*ell_il. Ilearai
0 A.m. iv H p.n..i Knad*!*, IO ■«». <o 1 ft.M, -
Dr. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
"■>-,- rl
.» 7 * I
,    A
.'      I
4 ,, ,-y- >•.- . yyyyyyy^ y ■- ■ -yyt-y^yy,^yyys-, -ys y : -,, - -yyy?^^,A ,-* r'y -~*?7^ -'"A ,A'-""*-7.- ■ -"-,7 *,. ?,€SC;^%?7   - -, I
R.;??:^^™"^^^^^,-*^^   .7'-   *,   .-, .   ;A^A7*.'^7*'*-y ;.?= 7-7',.-".-7' >y _•    ...■»■'■='•. A'-'^7'-7^AA^ AjA- ^oAc*-*-?-;:* y
Cream' SergeSkipts
■ Ladies' Cream Serge Skirts, made - in a , good
qunlity cloth smartly "tailored1., iiiHciv»'iu' the now ,
'six got. ftyle\witlr outside seams ani trim mod.
large pearl-buttons. - A very smart Bkirt for pre-
. \ sent wear.   Pfices frpm  $6.50 to $7.50.
Ladies' Black and White
Tennis Skirts
Ladies' Black and White Tennis Skirts—made
in cream striped serge and trimmed black buttons.
This skirt is in the six gore style and has a very,
stylish appearance.     The price is only\$7.50.
Panama Cloth Skirts
Ladies' Panama Cloth Skirts—These' come in a
great variety of styles and prices.     Our special
number, trimmed black sateen strap and fringe, in .
colors of navy, cardinal, blaick and brown, in aW«
.sizes, Special $4.50.'
Tweed Skirts.
_ Tweed 'Skirts.—Our stock of Tweed Skirts is very
complete?   Our special number is-made in a pretty;
.grey diagonal tweed in the eight gore style arid has"
1 outside pocket."   A very smart morning or outing-
-skirt.     Special, $6.75".
Ladies' Sunshades
This week Ave are offering a very special line of '*
Sunshades, at a very remarkable price. They come
in quite a variety of colorings and also include a
few white embroidered covers and some cream silk .
with hemstitched borders and pretty tan with varied borders. These Parasols go. on'our Bargain
' Table Saturday. Be sure and/take the opportu-
nity to secure a'parasol at such treasonable figure/
Values up. to $3.75.7 Special $1.75 each. '7  ."
k   A . s^ml,:6pportunityv* t£$uyy the V4A* ^'W^
[. choice; of pur>ntii^^tbcfedlrMen's^' ■:-^X^y^xX
-■-Silk, ;>Lisle":Haif ±6^]^. Very" x%%£^P&/~
All 'styles and -ata^i^tte^r.plain-'^
and, fancy 'wiir bet included at this S
.*,, greatest /.of ?all• Sox Glearing -SaleV.. ?
Remember .the Price
Three Pair for
J ii s t see mm Wiriio w
-f■'■.*> S-^-T^ yi^-T---r~ -r--^ -S<S^/t--i-&Sy
ylV<\.?,'--, ;\ X^ss^yy'::s'Jyiy^y^yy
.a" 7,^-S^urday;Sped^l^yAAA:
7:/'-y:yi,yyyi   y,:° ^'^-A >A-,;;..'IA7.A*A^Al-.
>.;?'■-  A7y AA?' 1,'V77.7A-7'vt%.?A'
"' * Ate/f r* /
■ - -.   ;" Y- r»,"_(
J? Banking,P6wder,-,Tuxedo Brand; 16 oz. .A^^VlS;^
; - Extra large Oranges,,per. doz.',.'A. .".A .'A.'A--' tsb': ? 7
7^7.. A.20to ;40' ,'1'
"     * - •" * ■
,%XsV.m ■
._?.■; .-_#n
.20, m
.20 7
... "     V   .
Ladies' White Cotton Vests," made in a nice soft
■ yarn.     These;cbme in the short sleevefand.   no
sleeve style's; in all sizes.' - Specialise, each.,   "'  '
y \ jj -,        <r._ -  i ,    ^
•   Children's Knitted Cotton Vests;    all  'size's;
Special, 15e. each. ■   0      *' ' A; "
,    Children's Knitted Cotton .Drawers-  (to   matclr
vests) from 20c. pair. " " y
Dainty Spot Muslin and Figured Dress* JVluslins
in a;large variety of patterns.   On sale Saturday,'
15c. yard...  *•..*•' -      7,     A • 7 >v
- Cotton ToUes-lrThese^daintySsummer goods are-
now showing in? a' large'variety of patterns.' • Voiles "
in black stripes .arid ..black and, white Stripes are-
• very, popular this' season..'   We have a* nice range*
of, stripes-and "fancy patterns. ^Also-'iii plain coi: .
ors.'   Pneesfrom 35c. yard., • '  ,* ^"'AA-
, _■ _ __   --yy; •- " '       * " , '*   ~~'' • -'-'.A ■'«''
Dress;Dimity-::A='remkrkably-attractive,-lJne of"
goods .in;crossbar and stripe effects,'with 'floral-"'
(e±tects.of pink^.bluer^rey and mauve; also in white ''
and* cream.; -.These"* goods are vwy. popular "and
the price ,isvery low.*,   Our?price 30c. yard.'   yy y
' '   '   ; ■. i.'     "   •i-i    .     '"    i .' a    \  „'      _'..'.-,''
Dainty Spot Muslins and Figured Dress Iftislins in alarge variety- isaturdajr-?!^?
- . Assorted sizes in Oranges, per doz .*^!
7 ;, Post. Toasties, 3 pkgs for' .";.?;.. ■:
, Corn Flakes," •3-pkgs.,foV-A\>;'.-". IV:
;?  Lowney's Chocolates, per lb. :S..y
y ; Lowney's "Cocoa, 1,1b, tiri ...... :\.
Lowney's 'Chocolate,,-^ cake'..;..
. Patterson's Camp Coffee, per bottle"
'' t   Reindeer,'' Coffee aiid .Milk'.". .7 . A..
. -    Reindeer .Cocoa and; Milk ,".*/./..'."
■ y: Braid's'Best, Coffee," freshly ground; 21b: for  ^86.'^
' Canada First, Tomato\Catsup,' pts: :.... S . ■ ..20 -
.     Fresh'Rhubarb, 6 ib;;)or r/..::'.■'.:.,?. XyX-.K-   .25*
7' Greengage Plums,-2 tins; '.*;s!*.:':*: .'.^;.V."'.«...';,. ? .'35A
l-;;- Armour's Grape;Juice,",pints,'each;.X XkyS .35
A",Armour's Grape1 Juice, quarts, each'-;;
■ '* C? and B. Jain, 1 lb, pots, 2,for .'-	
,7-'Climax Jam, 5 lb.* tins '." X. 77 r,
J ' ,-Tuxedo Jelly Powders, if or . .7* XX v.. .7
■; VSherriff VMarmalade, 1 lbV glass,* 2. for ,.
y Sherriff's Marmalade. 7 lb.?, tin ■'..■'. ?.*!'.-:.
;;yAylmer Pork and'Beans, 2 lb.; tins, 3 for A.
-.' Sunlight Soap,-*6 bars"for'. '.A •;,.
' .., Lifebuoy .Soag, 6. bars for .-. AA..'.'.......
-- .Infants' Delight" Toilet'Soap,* 2'for'.'.'.'...
A Fancy Box^Toilet"Soap,.regular .35 and\50  -.25 A
V ■' Table Salt,'" 4Lbags for*-, jy';'. /.'. ."•;.'?'.':.'..... Sip '
. Eribs'' Fruit Salts, perbot'tle .... ?[.;,:... 7.. J75
7 .Gold Standard Tea*;*, a lb.1'tins; "each >.*._,.■:/.".. $i'00 7?;
. * - Crosse and Blackwell's Vinegar,' pts.', 2 for.'. ■ ..25A'
„  - * New California Cabbage, A lb for ...... X L 7r - .'25'^
.^New, 'Califorriia.Beks/peraiv.A/.A.V:,.;:'.;5 ,,.:05 '■-
'•; Noav .California Carrots", per "lb..'\X;. A ■•; Xy7.   *..05A';*
•7'" Fresh Government' Creamery Butter," per.'Ib7 r..40" I;
" i   * ■&■    -7:*-'" .-      "■- * .-'*   ':. - h. ': ■'   . ■'•'"-. \ ''" -',. •
, * it
.25 X
•25 ?7;
A A1
Harry WJIlingham and Jas, McNic
holas have loft fo? a trip to the home
country.   , . , *
E. A, Adams haa arrived.from To
ronto to take up hla duties In tha C,
P.*-"..'* Telegraph Office here.   -   ,    -
Business must be good with Billy
Ingram, He has enlarged hlB Junch
counter and is ready to do a roaring
H. A, Cavell, of the locol O. P. li
Tplegraph staff, leaves to-nlg.it (Friday) for Calgary, where ho has been
transferred ,to
Mr. A. H. Cree and family loft on
Sunday for Victoria, where lie ia tak-
ing up residence. Mr. Cree is an old
■Fomlolte, having arrlvod horo ovor
fourteen yoars ago. Ho waB for somo
tlmo a member of tho City Council and
prosldont of tho Board of Trado.
Miss Sutherland, donconoBB, will
opon two mothere' moct.ngB weekly,
ono In Wont Fornlo and another In the
Annox. The flrat will bo hold at tho
homo of Mra. Tudhopo, 011 Friday,
Juno 27th, at 2.30. AH mothora hio
Juvltod to como nnd Bpend a profit,
able and* enjoyable hour,
Geo. II. .Johnatone, formerly of Conl
Crook.wrlllng to ono of his Fernio
fr!cnd«, atatea thnt ho la delighted not
only wllh tho cllmntlo condition! of
New South Waloa. but alao tho work,
lng condition*., houra bolng loan nn*J
tho remuneration tilghor. nolb ho
and John Jordiin, who wai -brroor.y
employed aa blackamlth at the Creek,
■end kindly greetlnga to tholr many
frlonds In tho Paac,
"This popular playhouse1 is still holding Its own and the audiences, considering the time of the'ye*}r, has.been
fairly good during the week. For to--
nigjit and to-morrow the programme
is: "Budapest" (scenic), "Cadger Family" (comic). "Resignation "Taming of
Mary" and tho "Golf Caddy's Dog"
(comedies),. Patho's Gazette and Gfiu-
mont Graphic, and "Bru'tua," an ada-.-
tatlon from Wm. Shakespeare's groat
play. On Sunday "In the Days of
the Six Nations," a story of'tho early
settlers, and "The Birth-of a Big Gun",
wi'l be shown,
, A perusal of our correspondence
dlscloses'a very useful fact to fisher?
'men generally and at the same timo
might be taken as a gentle reminder
by1 the members of the Rod and Gun
.Association to roll up' with their dollar subscription. and secure" a new
membership card and the1 benefits
accruing thereto.'
- On Wednesday next Fernio is prom-
iBod a troat In tho rlp-ronrlng musical
comedy "Casey Jonos." Tho songs'
nro said to bo cat'chy, tho humor witty
and the girls protty, all of which combined .'mako tho comody ono of the
boat on the road.
Other coming events (musical come*
dloB nt tho Grand aro, "Tho Flirting
Princess" (July 3), "The Joljy Widow"
nnd "The Prince of To-night."
Somo excolkmt features ,tiavo boon
nrrangod for tho Orpheum to oxtond
ovor a period of aomo ton weeks, com*
monclng with to-night, a two-rool 101
Illaon will bo ahown ontltlod, "Hln?,lng
the Trail.". On' Sunday "fllxtim the
V." n two-reel Ambrona. Monday and
Tuosday, "Tho Four Dnro Dovlla," A
throo-reel subject, and* tho Inst four
day* of noxt wook "Fornlo May Day
Celobratlbna." soon after this will
bo ahown tho local fire brlgndo in
It ls probably bettor to be a Siwash
than to be alwashcd.—Tho Ledge.-
1 The greatest merchants of the world
have always beon tho greatest,advertisers. • '
The Annual Conyontlon of the Al*
berta and Eastern British Columbia
Press Association will bo hold at Nelson, July. 26 and 27,1012.
Efforts on tho part of tho offlclnla of
the Amalgamated Soclo.ty of Railway
SorvantB, England, to consolidate all
tho unions of railway employees have
not boon auccosBrul ao far, and tho
tlmo for voting hns beon oxtonded to
May 31. Tho act undor which trade
unions are roglslorod roaulros that a
majority of 75 por cont bo obtained bo«
foro' such an am'nlgamatlon cnn bo
mado. * ■   ■
It Is computed that If every porann
worked uucfully four houra dally, they
yould produco sufflclont to give ovoryono' tho nocossltios and comforts of
llfo and banish want and misery from
tho world, Howovor, you worker*
apponr to be satisfied to work Ion*
hours ao your maiteri may ♦njoy a
life of ooio, at loast you voto tor thoao
condltlona.—Torch of Iluaaon.
TERMS—J20..Q0, cash, and .balance $10.00 monthly.
RESTRlCTi6NS--Ohly one dwelling to bo built on
each lot.
KnrHo Otv.ot-. wnn ron-lvc-fl uJijj tli(;(
rogrot in this city. Mj»b fl»t<?s dlod
of hoart trouble complicated with
pleurlny. In Vanoouver on Sunday
morning, June 2.    The docooaod waB
Itrtrn fn ■**»...«..»„..   c.t    i    ,
...    ... ., l... . **j^, 4. i,i£.t.r
dent of Fernie for tome nine year*.
She wa* Well known here nnd highly reBi>cctcd. Her brother. Mr. J. L.
flatea. left on Sunday mornlng*« Viy.
«r for Vancouver, but arrived too late
to aee hla dialer alive. ir*r body I*
*'«'lng taken to ber birth p|a<*, Mr.
Wm. «mm, a bretber. «ccomj)«nvln)ir
It there.
The management haa mado nrrango.
menta with Pant ago, of Seattle, to In-
dude thn arnrtd In their circuit, and'
wo may, therefore, look forward to
some   excellent   "luma,"    Changes
..ti» 1
ft,M«C^   «»    M«,«A,
Practlu! jpro._llilt.oij of child labor
or any kind in th* Dlatrtet of Cotom-
tit Is contemplated tn a bill Introdoev
*A tn tlie home or repratenUUr«_.
by ConMnmtiiman Vxn of OW©.
Tho following are the ncorca of tho
nv'i:-!! nine Aaacolntlon at tho rlHo
Yd«.    200 600 BOO   Til.
Mclntyro  i!3 ao 2.      «7
Mlnton. J 23 9 23
1'rlco. W,    29" 22 25
Ncwrlck ..,.,..,20 16       «
Uwe. P. C n 21. 24
Gould, H 29 32 20
Mlnton. II 5J» .11 nt)
Mlnton. C „27 IS 30
Ac«>rdtoir to Professor J. Aahley,
food prices In Lcrodoa, Kngland, bave
rl«#n 1» q*t cent fn tine t«t f<n_rt««)
yearn, while wa««s h»vt> IwrMww hy
J tat ll per cent   *
An Illustrated atory rinncrlptlve of a
Journey up Into the Arctic slope Is
contributed by Dr. Luther Harvey ub
tho opening number of the Juno issue
of nod and Oun In Canada publlshod
at Woodaloclc, Ont., by W, J. Taylor,
TJmltort. "Vacation CnmiiB" follows
and will furnish a' pionaant solution
ul w.u j/.uo»«i.i *turt. <o nu iwirt the boy
am'Jiij,* lLt- j.'1-i'fl iW yw.'...-.w.,'- i{m„, r ,tt
An article on the Orand (.'asr-apcdla,
the great salmon river at R*it«n_
Canadn, Mrs. M. 0. MacNell MoWhlr.
ter recalla fatnona nnortHmon who have
m  f     ,   ,      ,i ■
Charles Ellis, Lord Dtifforlrt, the Msn
quls of Lome, I/jr-l I-tinidowno and
Stanley. A third article on the Culture of mack snd Sllvor Foxes also
appears in this Issue snd ether stories
and articles are In Ifeeplrn- with th*
character of the main tine and the
time of the year.
The steadily .increasing output of .the Mines make
moro dwellings a necessity.
* •-
Only a limited .number of lots being offered.
For full particulars and plans
of lots offered apply to
WANTED.—For circular sawmill ©f
forty thousand capacity, sawyer, flier,
setter Md edcerman; *)*<> man to take
«-__.a_rr«°ef iw« |4«|tm.    A^tty tft.Bg
n*>f>w»o«. anrf w_»***••? (•rp^-foff, tQ t.
O, lU-Jger Of/k«,
Hillcrest, Alta.
■ /
In Great Drltaln nn <nnplnyw Is al.
Iftwcd to tmmm My ebM under if
y*srs of see In shoe fsetortea. and all
ehlldren nndnr 15 obtaining ctaptoj*.
ment are oMIjted to pass ft medical
uaa-_.hd.lJ_4.. Tte employer Is un*
U-7ll«-!ff hyr law t^ ayUfy ti* iateU»___i
j examiner appotnted by tbe rov trans*. I
tmrnfiAMfly npnn employing the cWId
anil tu oos't of ibe sumination Is
paid by Uw employer. Aboot tb« taaot
percontate of child labor Io found in
nrftlslffts fn American she* factories
«n4 «i«y mi Vk» positions.    '
m* mir m* ippii.. i01^. or
Elliott Howe aaya: "Vuu kuow whun
toy new thlnf is proposed there tre
pot/pit In every, wzavtttrmf vho flrwt
take the 'lis, ha,' attitude towsrds It.
Then when tbey Had   tbty   etasot
lanib It down, thsy «row savage and
lake a 'bow wow* uttlwde, and at It     Tlijy ar* anuiai for rutaral «i at
tenth-net lo rather strength, In spite ftb«r.
ol tbam, tad tt It shows that tbey eta*
not orerthrow it, they take the -ttttr,
UiK ttU(ttdtr girlo* tbeir tppltnse
wMn »t It no lonirer needed,**


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