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The District Ledger Dec 14, 1912

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 ifr •
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PAQES..V1 TO 8
SECTION ONE
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IndiistriflJ.pnity is Strengtt_
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* \  The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A,
No. 17, Vol, VI.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, "■ B. (^DECEMBER 14,1912.
$1.00 A YEAR.
ommission
k
B.C. Federation of Labor Ignored and
Decide Not to Send Delegates--
Storm of Protest Aroused
..VICTORIA, Dec..'8.—The names of
those who are to comprise the long"
promised labor commission has been
' announced,, and lias been mot with
utter .contempt by organized labor In
general. ' Tho commissioners are: H.
G. Parson, chairman, defeated Conservative candidate of Golden, B. C; A.
M. Harper, barrister, Vancouver; J. A.
McKelvlo, editor of the "News," >er-
hon; R. A. Stoney'and John Jardlne,
ex-member for Esquimalt.   .The two
".latter  are  "presumed"  to  represent
■"labor,'and are both practical printers.
Mr. Stoney being'-' the   International
1 Typographical Union organizer In New
• Westminster.   •Mr. MeNamara, ofiyic-
• toria, will act as secretary.   -    *  ■ ,
According to,tho latest news from
Vancouver not much assistance is to
be given the ' newly-deveioped Royal
- Commission on Labor by the men most'
interested in'its deliberations and flnd-
1 bigs. . -'    .   .
The wires are being kept hot today
with telegrams from the headquarters
• of the B. C. Federation of Labor to the,
.local-unions all over the province advising them to ignore the proceedings
of the commission entirely.
"We do not' think the commission
will be of any use;" sa>d a well known
_ labor leader this morning.    "It is composed of ^'has-been' politicians.. It has
STRIKE  FOR
MORI;
SANITARY SHOPS
been made a sort of reward for political services.   -      "
"Premier McBride asked, thb Federation of Labor to nominate two men
who woujd be acceptable to organized
labor, and we didso, but our nominees
have been ignored.
"Had J. H. Hawthornthwaite been,a
member it would have been different.
He was asked to form one of the commission, but pressure of business obliged him to decline. ,- " / , . .,
_ "There'is nobody on the commlslson
that Ave have any confidence in, and
we shall not appear Wore it." What's
the use?", "
Parson and Jardine have been'in
Victoria during the week and have
interviewed the Premier.    •
■No decision has as yet been arrived
at as to when-the work of thisimpor-
tarit commission will be taken In hand,-
but it is certain that nothing in this
connection can be done until'after the
approaching holidays, and., it is problematical if any headway can bo made
until'the close of-the7 Parliamentary
session.     . ' \"' •
Several members of the commission
have private business" affairs, which it
will take them some weeks to get in
oifier so'that they, may be left during
the time that the-commission will be
on tour. -
Toronto, Dec. 10,—Another strike
among the" United Garment Workers
seems iriiminent. - Tonight the discontented assembled In large numbers
and voted unanimously to make a
five per cent' per capita. levy for a
strike fund.        ■   •*.        .   ,
Thc cause for dissatisfaction is not
wngos, but unsanitary conditions in'
workshops. , Over fifty' per cent of
the clothing trade in Toronto, it is declared ls made binder really fearful
sanitary conditions. "Especially is
this the case in tho shops where space
Is at a premium.
The men Voiced their willingness
to a ten per cent levy if necessary.
Before declaring a strike, however, a
determined effort will > be made to
have condition s' remedied.
DEMANDS OK C. P. R.
EMPLOYES WERE JUST
Board Appointed to Consider Demands
Finds in Favor of Strikers
OTTAWA, Dec. 10.-r-That the. members of the Canadian Brotherhood of
Railway Employes of the C." P. R. were
justified in their demand for a board
of conciliation" and in the resultant'
strike which' followed its refusal by
the Minister of • Labor, is borne out
in the' majority of the board - which
was later appointed two weeks'ago
and which this afternoon brought'
down its-finding. The report which
is - signed-, by Judge McGibbon, of
Brampton; Ont.-, chairman, ,and ■ by J.
A. MacDonald, of Halifax, representing the employes,, fully justifies ' almost every claim .made' by the' men
'and is considered by the officers of
the brotherhood to 'more than vindicate the position , which ."they took
throughout. ' -
MQjrBAtt
PROVINCIAL
POLICE
 .    i   .
DETECTIVES BLAMED FOR
TROUBLE-WOUNDED
'   MAN MAY DIE
MUNICIPAL CONTEST
_&0AL:C0.JEmES^-
WiTH MEN AT FRANK
. A temporary settlement has been
effected between the Frank, Coal Co
and its. employees In connection with
' a claim of $32,000, representing,- it
Is alleged, wages duo to the miners
who have hot been paid, from *ho
month of October up till Nov.. 16 last,
on which day the men walked but,
leaving a few union men inside to safeguard the mine, 1 This was the information given tho Herald today by J.
R,' Palmer, twister, <f thlt city, who
i-j acting for thotmlnsrs'in the.adjust;
ment of' their claims. u Mr,' Palmer
spent sovoral days In Frank .consult*
ing with bis clients and the Coal Co.,
and aftor much dlsousslon succeeded
In arriving at' temporary arrangements
oatlsfactory to both Bides.—Lothbridgo
Herald.      r *    , ',
TWELVE HOUR DAY—,:
__u^,_uy— seven-da y-week
Carnegie Might Aid In Lightening Bur
dens of His'Unhappy Serfs,
Suggests London Editor'
WAGE   DISPUTE* AT  OTTAWA
Minister of Labor Receives Application
For  Conciliation .Board   In
. B. C. Mines Trouble y.
COBALT, Ont.;.Dec. 10.-r-It ls the
determination of the provincial police
to put a stop to rlotlng-arlslng out of,
the stirke in the Porcupine gold fields,
no matter'how many men it takes to
do it. *   '       7 •    , .
All members of the force -In the'
north country were notified from Toronto' today to report for 'duty at Pr-
cupine at once. '-,, T :-.      '. ,-\
Inspector Greer went-through here
today with a number, of' officers who
joined him at various points albng the
line before the train, left North Bay
and they are proceeding direct to the
scene of the strike. ; .
., Inspector Boyd, who -accompanied
Greer from Toronto," left the train at
North Bay, "where he will collect another posse of officers, who will- be
in Porcupine district to-^lght.'
Inspector Greer intimated to the
papers' that- reports received in Toronto yesterday of.the shooting which
resulted in the arrest of three detectives and attacks on the .trains carrying strikebreakers * were1 ' of a- sufficiently disturbing nature.to .warrant the
department in collet ting all' Its force
in this.-section of the'-coun'try andas-
seinbling them at the mines with' 'a.
view to preventing any further-outbreak.       ■ .'/"_.    .- \ "* ' '
It' is reported here -that one of the
victims of, Monday's shooting is in a
vejy___s^_j)_M^.oMItiovn,yihere---is-a
- Nominations are still a long" way
off, the date set for these being Jan.
13, and elections on January 16, but
there are quite a number of rumors
flying about as to possible candidates.
Thos.,Uphill is being hard pressed to
accept nomination for the mayoralty,
but he has-.definitely decided not to
accept. John Gates ls another man
who Is being strongly urged to run
for,this office, and it is yet possible ho
will accede to their wishes. Aid.
Broley and Morrison are others whoso
names are mentioned ln this connection. For aldermanic honors thero
seems to be little need for "pressing,"
as quite a number bf citizens are ready
to "serve" the city. All the sitting
members, with the exception of Aid.
Wallace, have signified their intention
of running, and in addition jto these
W. M. Dicken and W. Jackson- are
said i to be fn the field. We understand, that a number of business men
are meeting this afternoon to discuss
the ..situation.   ■ y >
Ladysmith Local
Expels Members
ONLY ABOUT 100 MEN WORKING
IN ISLAND MINES
M'NIVEN LOOK8 INTO,    .
"    LABOR TROUBLE
Fair Wage Officer In Nelson.In Connection With Miners' Dispute..',!
With Mine Owner*
J. D. M'tyivon," fair wago' officer for,
tho' fodoraljtopnrtmom. of labor, is. In
Nelson for tho purposo of securing in*
formation, regarding tho dlsputo bo-
twoen tho minors and mlno owners of
the Nelson, Ymlr, Sandon and Klmber-
ley union districts, which has arisen
from tho demand o( tho mon for an
Increase of 60c, por day for all classes
cf mlno workors. Tbo minora havo
nppllod for a board of conciliation undo: tho Lomloux act,   ■
GOVERNMENT UPHOLDS TERMS
OP BOARD OP CONCILIATION
OTTAWA, Deo. U.--Aft<ir visiting
Hon. T. W. Crothers and Hon, Robert
Rogers, tho deputation of tho Grand
Trunk Pacific bollormakors and machinists whloh Ib In Ottawa stated
that thoy had rocolvod tbo assuranco
cf both ministers thnt the government
would render tbo Grand Trunk Pacific no assistance until tho company
agroes to accept tho terms of tho roport of the iMM.nH.0nrd of conciliation and Investigation.
ff.,
18 MONTHS FOR
_ BURGLAR
John KIus pleaded .guilty boforo
Judgo Thompson to attempted burglary
at Trltog-Woods' Storo on Monday of
Inst weok, and was sentenced to 16
months hard labor In tho NolBon Jail.
Mr. Radinsky, of tho Homo Dank,
pleaded tor lonlency for tho prisoner,
and an nothing further against his
character could bo proven, the judge
took thli Into consideration,
A, 8, Warner, ono of tho men who
wm rocontly fined for frequontlng opium Joints, wn* sentenced to four
month* hnrd labor In tho Nolson Jail
ifor dron-tonneim and molesting women on th* street*.
LONDON, :Dec' 9.—A. G. 'Gardiner,
editor of'the Daily,News contributes
to his newspaper a] long character
study of Andrew Carnegie In which he
suggests to that "distributor of surpluses"'., new way'.of'avoiding the
"disgrace" of dying rich.
Mr. Gardiner declares that If Mr.
Carnegie really Bald "the man who
dies rich dies disgraced," the Iron
master himself ia in great danger of
dying disgraced.. • k.'T - ' " '■
'The-editor continues:.*- "For so far
it is estimated-.that he hns made no
Berlous breach in his millions. lie1 has
given away $40,000,000 sterling! but
as fast as ho dispenses the balance.accumulates. . Once lt is. paid, ho did
seem to bo shifting his golden mountains, then came an appreciation In
,-ls stoel-trust securities and onco more
ho wan'foiled.''
"It ls ai pitiful tklnfe to, be struggling
and to .struggle unavallingly.
, .''Mr.', Carnegie'has failed to got'rid
of IiIb fortune by building his 1,500 libraries, and his 0,000 church organs,
and,lila,palaces.of peace and his Institutes nnd by founding, his Scotch- university schemes and his hero funds in
all countries. '■ Wliy 'does'not ,'lie try
anothor method? Why Bhould lie not
spend tho rest of his days and his resources in warring against tho 12-hour
day and the sovon-day woek of tho
steel trust? Thnt trust is the'most
colosBal monument that tho mammon
of modorn industry has conceived.
"Its capital of 11,400,000,000 le half
wator. Upon |hat water vast dividends
nro paid out of,tho oxcobbIvo hours
and tho under payment of thousands of
unhappy serfs. That ennnot bo a
plonsnnt thought for Mr, Carnoglo as
ho wnkos up to the sound ot tho bag-
plpo at Sklbo castle. For lt was ho
who broko Uio union that gnvo tho
sorts nt loast a fighting ehanco," 7
OTTAWA,.Dec. 9.—The Minister of
Labor has received application for the
appointment of a board of conciliation
and • investigation In. respect v to dispute's in various - metalliferous > mines
,in the.-Kootenay. section! of British
Columbia.'", The question at dispute
is a matter-bf wages, the men having
for Eon.e time demanded an increase
of fifty cents a day.. > Tho mines concerned - are chiefly silver, lead aud
copper . The ma'rer ls now having
the Minister's concldeiation.
MANY  KILLED  BY. EXPLOSION;
HEARD  IT FOR  10 MlLES
CHICAGO, Dec. ' 10.—Fifteen or
twenty persons are reported to have
been killed by an explosion this afternoon in the A. C. O'Laughlin quarry
at-Bellwood, a suburb about ten miles
west of Chicago. Thousands of windows in the vicinity of the blast were
reported shattered. The explosion was
heard for ten.miles.
ITALY ,HAS GRAVE
LABOR DISTURBANCES
feeling of sympathy with the strikers
and a disposition.to blame the activities of .the Thiel men employed'to protect the mines, which/have undpubted-
ly caused a,most Irritating feeling.
1.300 LUMBERMEN
QlilTfc
Striking Against American Lumber Co.
'.   or Merryvllle—Battle Grows Out
of Grabow Trial        ,.
COURT-ADVVSES
■FH^oll
CILIATION
Crown  Attorney and  Magistrate Recommend  Armi8tlc   In ' Miners'
Strike—Should Get Together
ROME, Dec. 10.-—The news .which is
published in the outside'press in re-'
gard to'the problem of unemployment
in northern and central Italy, is one of
the most-meagre description. - '
' This.undoubtedlyjs due to the rigid
censorship exercised in Italy. This
censorship allows no'-telegram to pass
which "refers? to unpleasant news relative, to internal developments in that.
"If the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited will furnish me employment in connection with the mines
In Extension DIstirct, I hereby agree
to work for it for two years from the
7th day oi November, 1912; otherwise
in all respects upon the same terms
and conditions and according to the
system and practice heretofore'- prevailing at such mines."
At the regular Meeting of the Ladysmith Local Union, N. 2388, U: M. W.
of A., held in Union Hall on Wednesday evening, November 27th, the following members were expelled^for violating their obligation:
Thos. Strang, Geo. Smith, David,
Gordon, Jas.'' Nelson, ■ Huglr .Taylor,
Hugh Davidson and Jas. Gleason.
We wish to deny the reports that
appear in the press from time to time
with .regard to the coal production at
Cumberland.
We have it on the authority of Mr.
Parker Williams, M.P.P., AvhcJ-- spent
considerable time in ■ Cumberland
studying the situation, ,that there are
only\130 certified miners working in
Cumberland, and these are nearly all
Chinese. ,
We wonder how 1000 tons per day
has been produced 'when, according to.
the Minister of Mines' report for 1910 '
it would require four times that num-,
ber of men to produce that amount of
coal ?
Aro these men better producers, as •
strike-breakers, than   under   normal
conditions,? '
To us the purpose of these reports
is clear, The company is using every
means, fair or foul, to have the men
divided.
Above is the agreement which .the
company, and tlieir tools, are asking
mien to s'gn, These tool? are working
f-om' fcous to house, under cover of
night ,to do tbis dirty work. "    v
' The Ladysmith Chronicle refused to
print thiS'Statement. It was a positive,
statement, yet thej put in their-paper
every week a "positive "official" state-
nif-nt io the effect that the output of
the Cumberland mines is four and five
tinu-s greater than it is. ;"
• The miners here are closed tight,
with the exception bf those mentioned
and one miner, Jock Campbell.   -
We are holding a concert and dance
every week.   Onr hall is not half large
enough, and- a masquerade   ball   on •
Thursday, December 5;  concert and
dance on Saturday," December 7th.—'
B. C. Federationist.
-anauu,'..'.'
McNAB ELECTED
BOARD OP TRADE
At a mooting of tho Fornlo Donrd of
Trade, hold on Monday last, It was
nrrnngoi to hold a banquet somotlmo
In January, at whloh It was proposed
L UiiU !•.!__ ILvi oakjuiu o. iho sur-
ro.infllnff bonrfln o^ trade nud lho h<il-
tiers of Daynes, Hurllnghnm, Flag-
stono, oto. A eommlttoo, comprising
tho following, wns appointed! Messrs.
Pollock, Moffat, Thompson, Prcddont
.>!Vr.s Asi CicrcU.-j SUcuounld.
A newspaper dipping wnti.ronil io
card Inc. tbo proposod Intention of ihe
Dominion Chemical and Tar Co. to establish a factory In the Pass, and tho
secretary wob Instructed to.comiuunl-
cats with thorn on tho subjoet.
MKHRVVILLE, La., '.Ooc. ^.-Thirteen hundred workers ln the forests
,nd lumbor mills of the American Lumber Company aro out on strlko hero.'
The strlko was precipitated by_ the
fact that tho -American Lumber Com-,
pany refused to employ any person
who had ibeon connootod in any way
with the faihoiiB Grabow trial Jn whjeh
'nlmost throo,. Bcoro members of the,
Brotherhood of Tlmbor Workers wore
acquitted of trumpod-up murdor charges. '■" . "   '  .  '
Tho movo of tho Amorlcnn Lumbor
Company and tho roflultnnt .Btrlko is
ronlly an tnoldont In tho continuation
of tho rolontIobb nnd unscrupulous war
which tbo Southern Lumber Operators
Association has ,'doolnred on tho Bro-
thorhood of Tlmbor Workers, The
American Lumbor Company, which is
a mombor of tho notoriously antl-unl-
onlst Operators' Association, fencod In
Its striiok, mills nnd yards nnd Import-
oil gunmen; Into tho strike zone,
It was conclusively established at
.tlio trial that tho gunmen of the operators woro responsible for tho doaths
—responsibility for whloh Was sought
to bq fantonod on tho tlmbor workors,
Tho strikers, who havo boon out for
moro than two wooks, nro presenting
an unwavering front to tholr employers, nnd tho latter,hnvo duolnrod tholr
Intontlon of starving tho strikers Into
capitulation. John Klrby, of tho Mor.
chants and Manufacturers' Association, la Itt.kivtc. to bo directing tho
right on tho timber workers horo,
HOW TO CURB THE
WHITE SLAVE TRAFFIC
TIMMS.,Ont„'Deo. 9.—Crown Attorney McKessocfc, of Sudbury^ addressing a largo gathering of .strikers, mine
men, and,private detectives at courUn
tho moving plcturo theatre .today, said:
"Ab the crown attorney for this district
It seems to me that opposing.,forces-
ha'Ve boen fighting at Jarms length ,;tio
far.   Tho time has arrived "when there
should be an armistice and contending
parties should, get together and see if
thinge-cannot be cleared up.'
, "It-will bring about Interminable litigation if the strike continues and will
not benefit anyono ln the end.','
', - Magistrate Torronco remarked that
those had beon his views from, the'be-'
ginning and he urged that tho pnrtlos
ought.to got together.    He adjourned
tno court and tho long list of-cases until Tuosday.   Tho fooling ls that dropping these,,c'aBOB for ft^fow days will
help ihnttora.
country. "Mass meetings of 'the .wording people calling for legislation-,are,
however,, being held in many districts.
The spreading grounds around Capri
are in a'state*of unrest, arid demon-
strations^of, the unemployed'are bf
constant occurrence there.'-;, ..:'.     - .-,;
The leaders of the people are calling
for the immediate execution of certain
schemes' for the reclamation of waste
land which were prepared fifty years
ago1 and though ori, the point of being
begun five years ago were yet allowed
o drop. Crowds of laborers are parading'the streets ofNovantola carrying
banners .with tho demand Inscribed
uponrthem: "Bread'and Work,','    •
LETHBRIDGE, Dec. 10l—The muni-
.eipal-election—resuIted^-as-foUows:-—
Hardie,"-455; Hatch, 375; Gillespie,
327. .      ■' '      '',' "''
For. Aldermen — McCambly, Lover-
lng, Aird, McNab and. Keel. ;
greater power bo given the Governor
to remove peace officers who, fail'to
enforce, tho .law; that the Governor
lie .empowered-1 to ■ appoint "special",
police;'that the employment  by the
EXPLOSION WRECKS
CALGARY HOTEL
The Lethbridge Herald,'lri, giving a
tilef .sketch .of.the newly-elected.'^Oui-.
bers says of Do'nWd'McNab: ■""■J"'x
"Donald, .McNab,. alderman-elect,
whose surname indicates transparently his nationality, has seen Lethbridge
grow. Ho has been a popular resident ln tho city for ten years, within
which time he had the distinction of
being a,member of the,provincial legislature. Mr. McNab has spent some
twenty-eight .years of his llfo,mining,
but for the past two yoarB he'has turned his attention, as he puts It " in a
sm'a' way" to farming,"
Donald McNab ls glad of the privilege accorded him to serve liis pet
city in.a definite way.
mine companies of "private guards!
bo prohibited, and- tbe Institution of
a so-called workmen's compensation
law.
The mining.companies are bitterly,
criticized .by the' commission, which'
charges them with tho "vicious strife"
promoting, wn-American, guard . system," ' The system was responsible »
for ,the declaration of martial' law ln
the strike zone.       '..,'•■       , '
Tho United Mine,Workers are criticized for their efforts to Insert - "the ,
thin wedge of unionism In' tho district."
The commission was composed of.
a bishop and"1 several officers of the
mllltla.
,      < .—.
COMPANY  GAVE  INTO THE  MEN
J, W. BENNETT ON
INQUIRY BOARD
Minister of Labor Ready to Appoint
Board to Cover Large Territory   -
>RD
LORD RUSBELL JOINS SOCIALIST!.
,LfiNT)ON, J)ec. 10,—The Fablnn Society, 4ii organisation whose aim Is to
propagate Socialist Ideas among the
mlddlo end upper classes, bas tMti
to Hi membership roll th<. nanin of
Kurt Ptissell, tho first member of Uio
homo of lords to become a Socialist.
I
V.'iNNIWW, i>oc. n,—MIbb Barbara
Wyllo, addressed a large gathering In
Ml. Btonhon's church, on tho whlto
slnvo traffic on Monday night. Thoso
prosont wero, to 'Judge frojn thojr
applause, in thorough sympathy wltb
nil t.int sho said.
Miss Wyllo started out with two
promlflco, first that womos.'i_ «conumlu
position was due to tbe political position; and, second, that th^ whlto slnvtf
trade was cnused by the economic
position of women. She claimed thnt
one clear and distinct remedy for this
trrmt. /ivfl, which ,wa« tlio worst Ui
modem civilisation, was granting tbo
franchlso to womon.
News from Klmborloy, B, C„ Just to
hnnd contains tho Information that in
tho matter of tho appointment of, a
Bonrd of Investigation u Inllorgrnm
wns received by tho Socrotary of tho
Klmborloy Miners that ln tho event of
a HOltlomont not being ronchol ho
would appoint ono bonrd to 'iovor Iho
wholo torrltory, and that ho, the minister, wnn taking tho mnttor up with
tho different companies. Ymlr ond
flllvorton havo endorsed tho selection
of Klmborloy'a roproBontatlvo, J, W.
Bonnott, nnd no doubt Sandon and
Nelson will do likewise,
i'In connection wltb th« nhnvn, it I
may bo pointed out thnt tho point nt I
Issuo fs that somo of tho companlosj
woro making a now scalo of wages |
without consulting tho minors' organization, which is District 0, W, P, of M„
whloh is a now doparluro from whnt
has obtained In tho past, Herotoforo
tho miners hnvo boon consulted rola-
tlvo to nny change In wnges or workings, nnd this Ib rognrdod by thorn as
a breach of their justly ontltlod privileges,
- CALGARY,' AltaV; Doc. O.-^Twb mon
wore BorlouBly Injured, one perhaps
fatally," nnd damage, estimated at $15,'
000 was dono'at-4 o'clock yesterday
morning when the rear ond of-the
Queen's Hotol, on Second Street oast,1
was wrecked'by nn explosion of natural gas.   ,   ,
Tho Injured aro Goorgo'Burkoi night
watchman of tho hotel,.badly burned
about tlio faco nnd body nnd Buffering soveroly ,fro.m ■ shock.; and, Glenn
Morrill, night boil boy, who was badly
burned..
Looking for Ladder
The men woro In oenrch ot .a lad-
dor and woro'In tho basomont of tho
hotol whon t'ho explosion occurred.
Burke struck a match anil the explosion followed, the gas' In 'tho basement bolng tho cause. Four'storos
nbovo tho spot whoro tho oxploslon
ocourred wero wracked, and tho flying
glnns nnd dobrls waB hurlod-noroHS tho
street through the plato glass windows
of tho new Burns' block.
WEST VIRGINIA COMPANIES
?  CRITICIZED BY REPORT
CHARLESTON, W. Va., Doc 10.—
The commission appointed by Governor Glasscock - to Investigate conditions In the Kanawha and Fayette
counties, whoro tho minora took up
arms to protoct thomsolvos from the
mmdoroiiB- attacks of the mlno com-
ptinios' gunmen, has submitted its roport.
lho commission rocommonds   that
SPRINGFIELD, III., Doc. 12.—The
threatened strike of tho 800 car repairers on the Chicago and Alton Railroad company duo to tho discharge^ of
two men hore because, It Is allegedly
tho men, they woro mombors of tho
car repalrorB union, will not tnko placo.
Tho company has reinstated tho mon
and recognized thorn as members' of
tho car workers union.
CORRECTION
On pngo 0 or this Ibbuo appears
"BelJInskl vb. C. N. P. Coal Co." This
should road, "BOSCOVITCH vb. C. N_
V Conl Company
SOCIALIST GROWTH  IN TWELVE YEAR8
ALONE AMONG TOMBS
TO STRUGGLE FOR LIFE
BTHRLING, III,, Doe. lO.-Ralph
Hitch, of Morrison, III,, stricken with
Bmnll pox, !in)i boen conslgnod to n
hut In tho mlddlo of n cemetery horo
nnd Hitpplled with grooorlcR, No ono
could ho found to attend Hitch and
no,was left alono among tho tombs
to mako nm strugglo for llfo, There
ih hoJhulixtlou ..oapltu! hero,
GOAL GREEK WOMAN
DIES OK TliAIS
MARRIAGE LICENCES |
The following morrlogb licences
woro Issued nt tbe Provincial Offices
during tho weok: John Murray and
Rose ITnnnah Sinclair; Robort Arthur
Boa vnn and Bertha Cooper', Francis
Owiiii, of Corbln, and Alico Mario, of
Hosmer; Arthur Anthony and Emily
Ayra, both of Hosmer.
(From Onr Conl!Creek Correspondent)
A great gloom settlod ovor the camp
on Mondny whon a telegram arrived
stating that Mrs. Machln hnd died
suddenly on tho train, en route for
Knglnnd, Tho tolegrnm wns dntod
Sundny, December 8th, nt White River, Ontario, The deceased was well
respected in the camp nnd tho sympathy of tho camp Is extended to theso
left to mourn.
Tho funeral will tako plnco from
Thompson nnd Morrison's undertaking
pnrlors on Mondny afternoon at 3
o'clock.
439,638
<1_I08.
1.01 U03
(1912)
Theso threo figures aro drawn to scale to represent approximately
by tlielr height the votj cnat by tho tfor-lf.li_.i_. in tho Unltod States In
1000, 1008 and 1912.
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PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE^ B. C^y DECEMBER 14,1912.
■-'".; hh 7
ORGANIZED
B.C. LABOR
- There are many wage workers who
are not, and never have been, mem-
.bers of a trade union, and in most
cases they know very little about tbe
continual -effort which is being put
forth by those, organizations to improve tho conditions under which the
workers work and live.
A preliminary word or two about,
the trade union ^ movement In.i the
province of British Columbia will'"'be
useful information to.the uninitiated:
The Trades and Labor Council of
Vancouver, was registered under tbe
Benevolent Societies Act on Aug. 8,
1899, and is now composed of the representatives of fifty trade unions
with an aggregate membership of
- 8,000. Tbe regular meetings take
place on tho first and third Thursdays
ot each iriontli, with an average of
about eighty delegates present at each
meeting, when matters of special interest to wngo workers are discussed,
besides questions of general public importnnco. Tho meetings are open to
tho press and any member of an affiliated trade union is admitted on
presentation of bis, membership card.
Tlio British ColumDia Federation of
Labor was organized on May 2,'1910,
aud is composed of tbe representatives of 11,000 organized workers of
British Columbia, including the coal
miners of Vancouver Island and. the
Crow's N'est Pass, also the quartz
miners of tbe Interior. This body
has, up to the present, met in annual
session in Victoria, for the purpose of
discussing the legislative interests of,
the wage workers of the province,
with a view to having laws placed on
the statutes of-British Columbia'in
tbe' interests of the workers, who,
with their hands and brains, produce
all the wealth of British Columbia. °
In addition to the above, there is
now being organized "The Federated
Building Trades of Vancouver and District." This will consist of a federation of all the trades' engaged in the
building industry. These number
about twenty-two trades, -with a total
' membership of 4,000.—.7. W. Wilkinson.
perlal legislation against the. Jesuit
order in Germany, was illegal.
The chancellor declared that the
Protestants had always bitterly opposed the Jesuits, who alsp in the past
have not been tolerated even in certain Catholic,countries on account.of
their militant activity in politics, the
church and the schools,' their international character and their opposition
to the growth of the modern conception of the state."
"While 24,000,000 ' Catholics .wanted
the anti-Jesuit law repealed, continued
the" chancellor, 40,000,000 Protestants
wanted it retained, and he warned the
Centerists against a renewal of the religious conflict of the 70's.
A Socialist leader assured the Clericals that his party would support any
attempt which was made to repeal the
law. The two parties together have a
big majority in tho Reichstag.
COURT SITTINGS
IN ALBERTA
' -According to the Alberta Gazette
the following dates have been set for
the District Court and District Crim-
"I^--_.l_C6WrSitti-rgs"forni_e~yearn913":-
Macieod.—Tuesday, January 21st;
Tuesday, February ' 18th; Tuesday,
March 18th; Tuesday! "'^pril 22nd;
Tuesday, June 17th; Tuesday, September 2Srd; Tuesday, November
25th; Tuesday, December-Oth.
Blairmore. — Wednesday, March
26th; Wednesday, May 28th; Wednesday, September 10th; ' Wednesday,
December 3rd.
" Coleman.—Thursday, May 29th;
Thursday, December 4th.
'■ Lethbridge—Tuesday, January 21st;
Tuesday, February 18th; Tuesday,
March 18th; Tuesday, April 15th;
Tuesday, May 13th; Tuesday, June
Juno 17th; Tuesday, September 23rd;
Tuesday, Octobor 14th; Tuesday, November 18th; Tuesday, December 9th.
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE LADIES' BENEVOLENT SOCIETY FOR THE
YEAR  ENDING  DECEMBER,. 1912.
(Communicated.1
The society has held  ten  regular
and six special  meetings during the
year. .
Our membership has been lessened
by seven; by death, Mrs. Bleasdell;
by removal from town, Mrs. Potter,
Mrs. Ambery and Mrs! Cree, and three
by resignation.
There have been fifteen new cases
reported and given help; a great many
of them have been' helped five and
six times, where the need was great.
Tho society has been making a
great effort to help a family with two
children whose mother is dead. A
litle girl about twelve and a boy of
nine, whose father drinks and who
does not provide them with a proper
home, either from a. moral or a humane
point of view. The investigation
committee have seen the priest, who
could do nothing with the father.
Then they appealed to the police, and
at present the little girl is staying
with an aunt. - It is the desire of the
Society to send them to a home iwhere
they would have proper care.
The society has sent away two families; who thought they could better
themselves in some other place..
The society gave,' Christmas donations to four families, also ten dollars
a month for three months to three
different families.
The society during the past year
has given groceries,' coal, meat' and
bought shoes and other clothing that
was necessary for the different cases
and has obtained work for a number
_. fl     r. .A     —.rM«~ 'TVi^..   -nlTT.nyg
U_.^~__J_1GI1—a Liu- Tiivuiwl. * mv, —«I .. ~.J ir-
are, and always have been, willing and
glad to help the needy, and I, as secretary of this' society, am proud to
submit this report.'       - :'
J. D. McLBAN, Sec. ,
The Ladies' Benevolent Society has
just closed another year.-; of its work
and by the! above report,- it will be
seen that the balance is'on the wrong
side of the ledger, but/Ahis is'to be
accounted for from the fact that the
society did not receive some pecuniary
assistance that was promised. ' In
order to clear up the deficit-and to
have some surplus on hand to continue
their grand work in the community,
this society needs the. assistance and
co-operation of every-man, woman and
child. The work is of a charitable
order and is purely voluntary, and at
this season- of'the year, when all
hearts are, or should be, more charitably disposed towards our fellow'beings is the right and proper time io
help the fatherless, widows and the
poor unfortunate ones of this community. Tbe satisfaction "felt in doing
good and helping such a cause will
more than repay whatever we may do,
let alone the gratitude stirred up In
the hearts of the recipients.   '
Let everyone make an extru effort
to help the above society in its grand
and noble work. Remember that He,
whose birthday we shall soon celebrate said, "It is more blessed to
give than receive."
COAL MINED LESS> ..• y>y
THAN A'CENTURY
. C. MINES
PAY WELL
-The first mention of the.occurrence
of coal in the United Statei, according-to the United States.. Geological
Survey,  is  made  in  the. journal'of
Father Hennepin, a French Jesuit mis-"
sionary, who in 1678 recorded the site
of a "cole mine" on Illinois river, near
the present city of Ottawa, III; 'The
first actual mining of coal was in the
Richmond ,Basm', Va., about,,, seventy,
years' after'Father  Hennepin's "dia-
"covery ih Illinois, but the first records
of production from the Virginia mineg
were for the year 1822, when,.according to one authority, 54,000 tons were
mined.     Ohio probably ranks second
in priority of production,, as coal was
discovered tbereTla 1755,,but the.records of  production  date back  only
to 1838.     The mining of anthracite
in Pennsylvania began about 1790, and
it is said that in 1807, fifty-five tons
were shipped to Columbia, Pa.   lte^
ports of tho anthracite coal trade are
usually   begun  with   the-year   1820,
wheu. 365 long toils wero shipped to-
Philadelphia from the Lehigh region.
Prior  to  this,  however,  ln   1814,. a
shipment of  twenty-two    tons    was
made- from Carbondale, also to Philadelphia.     It is probable that the actual production prior to 1S20 was" between 2,500 and 3,000 tons.    The proi
ductlon for 1911,, was 490,221,108 short
tons. ,
on the witness stand, -In'taking the.
oath he neglected to kiss the bible and
the /udge called his -attention ^to the
omission. Dr.'Rose-informed'his honor that he.wishedtto take-the Presbyterian form of oath und stated tliat the
book was septic. But'"'Judge Craw-.
ford could not see it in that way and
ordered, sharply, that"Dr.. RosV con.;
form to" the usual method of taking
the oath.        - - . j ',-'.'. , '• "."
GOVERNMENT.vT^KE:, r   ,;.'
byER.-THE TRADE
In - Sweden  the". Liquor,; Traffic.VWill
, Become-a National .Monopoly^   .7
a-       'i' -,    -.. ' '• •-rry. - 'f. ■
STOCKHOLM, Dec. 11.—For ;some
time past the temperance societies in
Sweden have carried- ,on a campaign
to make the- production of spirits in
the country a" government monopoly.
Their efforts'have met .-with success.
arid7an agreement has been, signed ', y,
with the chief firms engaged in'the    .   _.
manufacture of liquors by which they.y
will'sell their • factories; '' At- present'    ;'. r
the, control'of (raw "spirit will "remain,- \ „; >•
-in-the hands of private "traders.-. The »'./ ■■ : ■<
bill constituting; the JUQUorl-trade; ay ':■ *.,
government monopoly- wilL.be -intro-y   y
duced jn "parliament"at..the,next ses- .    .' .
6ion..   r\- X.    "  .' y'7    .'"''■   " •       ''.'
:S
■'S.-i
;r't-
NKLSON, Dec (3—With tbis month's
Standard dividend, the total profits
disbursed this year by five companies
in the Kootenay and Boundary districts passed, the million dollar mark.
In addition to the Standard, the companies are: ' The British Columbia
Copper-Company at Greenwood, $177,-
512; the' Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company at Trail, $220,000;
the Hedley Mining Company, Nickel
Plate Mine at'Hedley, $180,000; the
Le Roi-No. 2 at Rossland, $30,000.
The total is $1,032,512, and is in addition to the profits made by such
companies as the Queen Mine at Sheep
Creek, which is .operated by a close
corporation, and numerous' smaller
mines operated by private individuals
and syndicates.
Fifty thousand dollars has been declared - by- the Standard Silver-Lead
Mining Company as the dividend for
November. It-will be'distributed to
the stockholders within the next few
days. Since this company commenced to pay dividends last April the total
.sum-paid_to-stoc-khoMers___-is_S425,0_0.0_.,
The capital of the company is^ $2,000.-
000, so that the' dividends paid during the first year of operation by the
company are nearly 25 per cent of-the
capitalization.
Coleman District Court
JE8UIT QUESTION RAI8ED
IN GERMAN REICH8TAQ
BERLIN, Dec. S.-rThe Jesuit quostlon waa raised ln tho Reichstag today
by tho Clerical leader,   Dr.    Peter
Spabn, who declared that the bundos-
rath'i. recont interpretation of the antl-
Jesuit law of 1872 had made moro
•overo tho provisions of tho law, thereby affronting 22,000,000 Catholics ln
tno realm.    He made a formal declaration of tho Clerical centre party to
th* tffoct that German Catholic* bo
far at they are represented by tho
Clerical party in tho Reichstag, "havo
no confidence that tho nooda of Catholic! in tho German eraplro will ro-
oelve JuBt consideration from tho Import al chancellor and the bundesrath,
and will order tholr conduct accordingly."
Tbo Imperial chancellor, Dr. Von
Dothmann-Hollweg, in reply, defended tho bundosrath'B decision as only
an Interpretation of a law forty yearn
old, Thin doclfllon, In effect that Da-
v&rla't rocont coumo In modifying tho
severity of the enforcement ot tho lm-
At a' sitting of the District .Court
held in' Coleman on Thursday last,
over which Mr.- Justice Lyndon Craw,
ford presided, several cases were
heard under the Workmen's Compensation Act. John R. Palmer, of
Lethbridge, appeared for'the Union,
and W. S. Gray, of Macieod, watched
the cases for the;coal companies.
,They were as-'follows:
John Bruno ,vs. International Coal
and Coke Company. •■'' Plaintiff claimed compensation • for loss of., an eye,
the ^result of an accident In the coal
mines.     Judgment reserved.
„Carota vs. International Coal and
Coke Company. Plaintiff-sued for
compensation for injuries. Adjourned until next sitting of the court.
The case of W. B. Powell vs. Leltch
Collieries, of Passburg, in which plain-
tif* -claimed compensation for injuries
was also adjourned until the next sitting of the court. •
A. Yorka" ys_   Hillcrest   Collieries.
Plaintiff sought to recover  damages
_under-the-Compensation_act..forLper__
manent injuries received in the Hillcrest mines. ,. Judgment reserved.   ,
A.'Quintella vs. West Canadian Col-
leries, of Bellevue,, was a--,case in
which, plaintiff'sought to recover damages" for the flealh of his son in the
Bellevue mine "explosion."1' Qiiintella
atif-erted ;tbat IiIb; son was his sole'
support and by his death he was deprived of his earnings.- Judgment ln
favor of plaintiff in tho sum of $1,200,
the coal company to pay the amount
at the rato of $3.0 per month.
Paul Hendricks vs. Davenport Coal
Company was adjourned until next Bitting of court.
An amusing incident happened
when Dr; Allen Robb. of Hillcrest, was
»<*v.»"'
Where Do You
t . , <      -     *.
TSO YOU shop in a lirisk, active, store, or in
a dull store?
Advertising makes;bright Stores. Failure to
advertise goes hand in hand with dullness and
stagnation.
•' Advertising brushes away cobwebs,
and- dust, smartens shop' windows,
quickens the intelligence of"-salesmen, and lets in the sunlight.
Advertising-. makes the merchant
think  of you—of-your, wants and
.. needs; 'make him anxious to. serve
yWio your liking and advantage.
Advertising keeps stock from hav-,
ing birthdays.   .
Advertising .acquaints • you with
new things, and so brightens your
home, your life, your person.
.' , V
Advertising keeps a business from
growing lazy and stupid.-   Advertising injects good red blood into the
arteries of a business, and keeps-it
" healthful and active.
Shop, where your wants and needs
are uppermost in the mind ofa tlie
merchant. ■ Shop in the store which
.reflects  you,  which you- dominate.-'
Shop where" your money returns lo
you-, iri better goods, better. values, ■'
better service.   . ' \_.
. Shun the shop that is dumb and .
dark and dreary j keep away from'
the shop that never speaks-to'you,
never smiles' at you, never bothers
about you. - ' _ - .,
Reward by your custom the merchant who,, lives to serve you, - and
who is doing his utmost to build up
- this community; who takes you into
1 his confidence by means of adver-
^ tisem'ents in your local newspapers.   >
Smile back at the shop which smile's-at you.
Shake hands with it-keep company with it-your
■favor .will be returned to you tenfold.
The District Ledger is the best advertising
medium in the Crows Nest Pass It reaches
the workers, the people who buy your goods
A Pare Cream of tartar Powder
Dr. Wm. Sedgwick Saunders, Medical Officer
of Health of the city of London, £ng., was
good enough to say that a long and universal experience, has proved a cream of tartar
powder the most efficient, safe and economical, making food which could not be
deleterious to the most delicate stomach.
In England the tale of baking powder
containing alum ia abiolutely prohibited
WHEN BUYING BAKING POWDER, READ THF
THE HOME OF
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Ji'.oj Ui* '.lU-M-lliM im. TJH.VK- -ire H 1.3 iituw ftMi tin- wrrilu of Ms mnMnnMi.!. i.mt jwo.rnn.M..
PoHltlvoly no oxj.i-r.w_i or literary cx<-o)U.t\cti nccesMiiry.   No "flowery hnnutwo" In wnn.n.1.
Tho <!*man«l for photoplay* in practically unlimited. Th« bin: film mftMlfacturora nro "movlni.
Ucttvcn nnd unrtli" In tlielr attempts to Rot Rpod plot* to mipply tlm <wor Infrennlns. <l«mand. Thoy
nrn offorlnR $100 nnd moro, for nlnglo BPci-nrlon, or written Idon*.
Y»« lia'ff.i lKivi'»*ni UiAiO   iv.._,v.<«i iiu,»  _Mv, Umi  ta.*u«.*-.«^>'-»«.i   «*.».   » .     > • » ■k •  >    ■■
8ANAY. L.JI11N. SOI.AX, IMP, HEX., REMASCR. CHAMPION', COMET, MBMEB. ete., urging u»
to aend photoplay* to them. Wo wnnt moro wrltora mul wo'll gladly tench you the «ecrctn of iwccobk.
WE ARE SELLING PHOTOPLAYS WRITTEN BY PEOPLE WHO "tf EVER OEFORE WROTE A LINE
FOR PUBLICATION."
Per Iin pb wo run do thn mim.t for you. If you ran tlilnk of only ono (?ood Idea ovory weok und will
writ** It out tin dlrwfwl by m, nnd If m»1N for only $25. a low figure.
The only absolute fireproof theatre in the city. Commodicms,
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and whero you can take your children in safety. The pictures
are pure, clean and instructive.
Program for Tonight and Tomorrow Night
SPECIAL - TWO REEL FEATURE
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NATIONAL AUTHORS'
INSTITUTE
1543 Broadway
NEW YORK CITY
The most Spectacular and %a>6ii-
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Al
'\ ',' fi'
■■yyrym
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, DECEMBER 14,1912.
I..' w "
I   ■   fi
J"
I»(
'.»
#«df y
LtberateXtoTifriiie
:-\
Admit Interests Identical"Scheme
to Oust C. My O'Brien
7 y 7    '       'Lundbreck/Alberta,
, ■ ;; '   ' *y "Nov. 27,'1912
*. ,-:,'"De.ar Sir,—Members of.the Conservative J*arty In.the Roclcy Mountain
Riding will, before long',' hold a con-
I ventlon for the purpose of putting a
candidate in the field in'opposition to
the sitting member, C. M.' O'Brien.
At the present-time there.are.no
Issues involving principles which dl-
v\de • the two great parties, Lib-
-, erals and Conservatives. The question which is of vital concern to
the majority of the electors in this
constituency Is: Shall they continue to
remain unrepresented in the Provincial House? It is well lenown that a
united effort can accomplish the aim
in view, and to secure this I am taking the liberty of writing you as a
representative Liberal to meet the
executive of the Conservative organization at a meeting to be held in
Bellevue on the afternoon of December 16th, at 2.30 o'clock. If you are
unable to come yourself you might
arrange to have Bomeone to present
, the views of the majority of the Liberals in your vicinity.
. "The purpose of the meeting is to
have a free and open discussion with
. a hope of arriving at a working basis.
Should business arrangements prevent
you from carrying into effect these
suggestions," your advice by letter
would  be  appreciated.
'"Yours very sincerely,
"A. C. COOPER JOHNSTONE,
... - - "President Crow's Nest Pass
'       . Conservative Association."
, The individual who ( received, the
above letter, and later gave It to me,
is a business man-who used to think
he was a capitalist. At that time he
knew Socialism only as it was represented by its enemies.    Such used to
• be the paeewith most of the business
men ln the'Rocky Mountain district,
but during the last three and a half
' years many of them have done: as
worthy members- of any society would
Ado, that is, they have tried to get a
correct understanding of the new political' movement that elected-Its first
.'.representative.^) the Alberta legis-
-~latIveassembly-from-the;district*where
' they live.' They have ..attended Socialist meetings, subscribed.. for and
read Socialist periodicals, bought and
studied Socialist hooks, with the result that they now know that, they are
31 qt capitalists,' but wage-slaves whose
slavery is veneered by a supposed
ownership of property,.and that few,
if any,'of those who own/ (not1 necessarily thoae -who have the'title deeds)
because they enjoy the benefits of the
properties in the Rocky Mountain District, live in said district There is
now, as before, one great Issue Involving principle between the Liberal and
Conservative, parties, that Is as °to
which shall get the lion's share' of the
plunder taken from the wage-slave
class. • Now that many of the,) wage^
slaveB of the Rocky fountain District
have proven, by electing- a • Socialist
that 'they are wise to the game, the
representatives of-the rule of capital
are going to unite to try'to prevent
the slaves from having-a representative in the assembly. I sincerely hope
they unite, then it will be a straight
fight between those who represent the
rule of capital with Its wage-slavery
and those who represent labor in Ut.
onward march to freedom. However,
I expect they will do aB thoy have done
in other places, that Is put up a
dummy. They may have two candidates, but the tricksters, while professing to fight with each other will
vote for only one. The dummy will
serve to hold those simple wage slaves who still vote as a matter of principle for that party. Be It as It may,
the Rocky Mountain District is as
sure for the Socialists as anything can
be sure that has not yet heen completed. ' How about lt, you wage-
slaves who have supported the one
and fought the other, because you
thought the one was the friend and
the other the enemy of1 lahor? The
satisfaction "of seeing the old party
heelers squirm is compensation for all
the sacrifices that anyone ever made
for Socialism'.—C. M, O'BRIEN.
OUTLINES CAUSES
OF COAL STRIKE
Representatives of Miners' Organizations of Vancouver Island Address
Meeting of Local Sympathizers in
Dominion Theatre."
. VANCOUVER,'.Dec: IO!—Staffl citizens know that there is a coal strike
somewhere in this fair province, but
their knowledge of the details of that
strike, of the hardships that'are being
undergone by the men, their wives and
t_b§Lr^chil.den__,an_l_Lthe.i,bItterness-of-
the struggle, as",we*l as the actual
location of the strike and'its brief history, is almost nil.  .
Last,night George Pettigrew, international board member for District 28
of the United Mine Workers of America, and David Irwln, organizer for
that body, talked to 300 men in the
Dominion Theatre, instructed, them
about the strike'arid ^enlisted, their
sympathy and material aid.
Mr. Pettigrew said that though the
papers had settled the strike already,
it had lasted twelve weeks,' and if
necessary, would contlnuo for another
twelve weeks," or even, twelve months.
He criticized the. provincial government in generaFand the attorney-general's v department In particular, for
sending a small army of speciarpolice-
men to the district.; - He; said t that
their presence^ was unnecessary.
Reciting the' history^ of the ' strike,
Mr. Pettigrew declared that'" It ^ began
with the introduction of a new explosive in the camp.- This,explosive ror
mining coal was 5 per cent more expensive;, less effective and more dangerous, and._ the miners protested.,
Their protest was 'accepted and the
Cumberland mine owners granted their
request tor a return to the,.old system of getting down the' coal..
x' _,Took Chinese into Union . -
Encouraged by.their success the men
organized and a local was formed' in
Ladysmith. The organizer was "fired,",
but the men, undaunted. . organized ^
unions in other camps, The unions
then amalgamated with the United
Mine Workers of America. Chinese
and Japanese mine workers were taken Into the union In spite of tho mine
owner's efforts to block the move. '
An organizer was brought In from
Wyoming. He was a Chinaman, and
the Immigration department refused
him admission, and he was forced to
return to Seattle. But eventually the
Asiatics were enlisted ln the fight
against the operators.
.)u-lng his r.!dtai of the strike's history, he alluded to the discovery ot
coal gas in the workings at Extension
and stated that after some delay thn
government inspectors corroborated
the union men when they stated that
pockets of gas, containing as much
as 10,000 cubic feet, were to be found
in the workings. The representatives
of the union were discharged and they
failed to get .a job iri any other camp
on the island. -,
Their discharge from the Cumberland mines was followed by the strike.
A committee was appointed and this
went to the management. The com-
riiittee was flouted, says Mr. Pettigrew,
and eventually they walked out. The
next morning notices were posted asking the men to come back, take their
tools out of-the mine and quit.
The miners" did this; and sprang a
surprise on "the operators by taking
900 Chinese and 300 Japanese out with
them. y        y .i \
The Dominion and Provincial governments have been asked to step into
the breach, but according to the speaker they have done nothing in, the
matter to date. .. '"
vW-hen he wound up his speech, Mr.
Pettigrew predicted a gigantic coal
miners' union,, including English, European, American, Canadian and Australian coal miners, wis speech was
applauded." , ' '' -^ -~ ■———
PAGETHBM.
Useful
Compare these prices with any catalogue and you will see we
can save you money. Should anything go wrong with the
goods we sell you, we are always willing to make it good.
"".''51
■ hi
x-m
,.i|
.,.J
•'■ 7,m
~ Object of Organization
Mr. Irwin recited th'e history of the
United Mine Workers of America.at
great length and frequently drew applause from his,-hearers for the graphic manner in which he described
some notable strikes. - He Bald that
the business of the union was not to
make men perfect or honest or good,
but to enable them to get more money
for their Jobs, worlt ln greater security
and enjoy more,of tho comforts of life.
The mine owners, he claimed,* reserved for themselves the right to hire
I and fire those wljom they saw fit, but
GENTS'  WATCHES
7 Jewol "Waitham Watch in a Fortune case $8.75
15 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune case   9.75
17 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune case   11.25
21 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune case   32.60
23 Jewell Vanguard "Watch    45.00
21 Jewell A. C. Liphardt movement in Fortune Case     20.00
We guarantee this to be one of the finest timepieces anyone can carry.
We have a very fine 14k Solid Gold Watch, with
a fine movement, for,..,    $35.00
ALARM CLOCKS
From 75c. to the 8-day Alarm at    $3.00
In Clocks we have them from the fine Westminster Quarter-hour Chime at $30.00 to a one-day mantel Clock at $1.50.
We have some very fine old country Clocks with
bronze figures. -
Remember!—We guarantee them all.
LADIES' WATCHES
We have a 7-jewel movement, iu a good quality
Gold-filled hunting case, with best quality lady's
long chain in a plush box for $14.00
Without chain  '; $10.00
Thc same ease and chain, with 15-jewel movement  ^ $16.50
The same case and chain, with the very best
movement made for a lady's watch $22.00
14K Solid Gold case, with a fine 17-jewel movement  $30.00
See our Single-stone Diamond Rings for $25.00.
2 Diamonds and Ruby, or 2 Rubies and Diamond,
at $25.00
2 Diamonds and emerald ., $30,to $50.
These stones are all first quality and are guaranteed.       '    .   '
5 ffTMli m m im'0R GENrs WATCH' $15 S0LID 80LD EMERALD
afcl LOCKET.    Coupon given witli every cash purchase of 1.00
for December-only.    Drawing Jan. 1st, 1913.     See windows.
A. Cs LIPHARDT,   Fernie, B. C.
Mr. Irwin said that the miners never
would'grant'them that right. The organization had spent $11,000,000 on
strikers "and would spend that much
iHOre-_rnecessary~
A philosophical reporter who "cov.
ered" a murder case once distinguished
himself by writing: "The .murderer
was evidently in quest of money, but
luckily The victim had deposited all his
funds In the bank the day before, so
that he lost nothing but his life." " '
ShiloMsZ
.'he ftmlljr remedy   for   Coi-chn  ond Colds
Shlloh costs so little  and doer,  so much I'
Industrial and
TEN GREAT FACTS Concerning the Future of
1. THE FACT that Athabasca Landing is tho
only gatoway to tho opening up of, tho Now Empire—-tlio Grande Prairio and Poaco Rivor country,
which has millions of acres of tho richest farming
land in Westorn Canada, and a climate most suitable lo wheat growing.,
2. THE PACT that Athabasca Landing is situated on tho most southern point of the Athabasca
River which has four thousand miles of navigable
wator.
3. THE FACT that Athabasca Landing Ir tho
wholesale, manufacturing and distributing city for
tho Grando Prairio and Poaco Rivor Country.
4. THE FACT that Athabasca Landing has the
largest flow of natural gas in Wostorn Canado,
which is tho greatest asset to manufacturing con*
corns.
5. THE FACT thot Athabosca Landing is sur-
rounded by tho richest oil Holds in Western Canada,
6. THE FACT that Athabasca Landing has tho
greatest deposit of asphalt in tho world which, is
tho most nocdod resource to Western Canada, owing to its rapid development.
7. THE FACT that Athabasca Landing has a
pulp-wood industry which, when dovclopcd, will
supply all Wostorn Canada with paper.
8. THE FACT that Athabasca Landing hns
companies such as Canadian Pacific, Canadian Northern, Tho Stcop Dank Oil Co., Tho Great North
Oil and Asphalt Co., Amorican-Canadian Oil Co.,
and sevoral other prlvato companies enormously
capitalized which aro developing theso resources,
9. THE FACT.that Athabasca Lauding is tho
Northern Terminal for tho C. N. E. lines, Canadian
Pacific Lines, Grand Trunk Pacific linos, Trans-
Pacific, McKonzio and Hudson's Bay Railroad,
10. THE FACT that when investing in Athabasca Landing roalteo that you can buy closest in
proporty at lowest prico and most reasonable terms,
with ovory lot guaranteed, by tlio largest and most
reliable Realty Firm of Wostorn Canada.     '
Society,
LIMITED
_____■ _«. ^ - - x .- l~ ■■_ - __,      im
ivicwutcheori  Bros.
LIMITED
Liphardt Block - FERNIE, B. C. - Open Evenings
Hoad Ofllco: Calgary, Alta.   Branch Officea: Fornio, Edmonton, Victoria, Mooso Jaw, Jtcgina, Princo
Albeit. Saskatoon, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Bmntford, London & Plymouth, Kng., Glasgow, Scot.
Wo have just received a,large shipment of Peek, Frcan Bisouits.
Here are a few of the kinds wo havo in stock,
PaU-Cnko   ,,,,.. ',   ,w lbi    i40
Sunta Glaus    ,w ],,,   ,40
Dif.es.ivo     ,m j|,     40
Goidoni.uff 1HH. lh; ;40
*Jf'7 Cftl{0   '   per lb.   .40
m     « "! '     ••••  per lu.   .40
I oy Crackers  'poP lbi   ,60
Osborne ,,,   , pCl, jb     40
,*°tit n,,uw! x;x;,xxxx.xx.x;x. per i... .40
J™\on'-  por Hi.   .60
Short Itrond   p0r n,     40
Adriatic Wafer         „,;   ;60
mmkm     por lh.    ,40
Wo havo some choice California Canned Fruits-Pears, Pineapples and Apricots, put up in Sanitary Cans, prico por tin   .30
Ohivers English Plum Puddings, por lb,   ,45
Arrived this wook, a fresh supply of New Zealand BUTTER, at
Por lb  ,,      40
« ^? ^.lU'^uaHty Hams and Bacon - Burns'   "Imporator";
Swifts' "Promium." r '
S»kV  35
Geese  •.....,  ok
Ducks • •          tn
Chicken \ «
Fowel     .. ." 'X'XXXXXXXXXXX.    '"2
■'-1
t«__,«aw-.j»i__ww-i.W»t., *>,
I <«_,■.»___. -mfmilmmm ;?'"■:''.
•'   • -f    -. •«!
I .v
'     v   \_   "
I AGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., DECEMBER 14,1912.
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie,-B. 0.   Subscription $1.00
per year in advance.   An excellent advertising
Medium.   Largest circulation iri the District   Ad-
, yertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
/
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No! 380
A PLEA FOR THE MULES AND HORSES
THE LUMBERMENS' "FATHERLY"
PROTECTION OF HIS EMPLOYEES
HP HE lumberjack is evidently regarded as such a
A    weakling that the lumbermen have hit upon
•.a most excellent scheme to teach the cardinal vir-
' tucs' so clear, to thc heart of your petty reformer—
' Thrift and sobriety—by posting up notices that
, their men can work until May next /without any
pay, and that the entire sum due them will be paid
in a lump.        _••'.'
These luniberworkers would probably resent being called''slaves" if a fellow-Avorker were to address them as such; still, they submit to this act
',with a lamblike passivityrf \-'
There is one feature .that is worthy of attention,
• and that ii if by any chance the employer becomes
1 bankrupt at the.end of April the wages due from
November to the end of January would be treated
like tilie debt of any ordinary creditor, as the wage-
earner has, by his own acceptance of the situation,
forfeited his right to enjoy, the special privileges
accorded to him .under, the terms of the Mechanics'
Lien Act. ., ,
This plan of having the use of the men's wages
for so many months should commend itself to other
employers, as we have not heard of any of them
mentioning that it is their intention to pay any
interest foFlhe use of" tbe money, consequently"
quite a saving is effected. •
The excuse advanced is that if the men were
paid once a month they might go off on a drunk
and then the work would be seriously delayed. (All
sing " Rule ' Britannia! Britons never,-NEVER,
shall be Slaves.") But if this has not all the car-
marks of peonage we do not understand the mcan-
0
ing oi thc word.  •
We are informed that if the men wish to quit at
any timo they will be paid off—whether in cash or
time1 check we do not know. This, however, we
do know, that this samo system was in vogue in
previous years in and around Cranbrook and some
of the men were forced to accept very sensible discounts in ordor to get their time chocks cashed.
We would suggest to,tho lumberjacks that they
resent being treated ns irresponsibles and show
that they are as justly entitled to receive their wages as the employees in any othor industry, bemuse
they for whom they work will not givo thorn any
consideration should their services not bo satisfactory or tho conditions of tho market compel
them to eloso dowii their camps, and thon thoy will
find out where the "protection" comes in.
FROM time to time we,have been told about'the
- cruelties to the mules' and. horses -working, m
the mines along the Pass?, butHhey who call attention to these matters specially request that no
names be mentioned lest they lose their jobs.
There is no eight hour law to prevent these unfortunate quadrupeds working a double shift.
They have.no organization to take up'cudgels on
their behalf, therefore we cannot blame them, if
noAV and then they resort to V," direct action"' to
remedy their grievances, y
The outsider, upon seeing a driver abuse a horse;
would very likely express his indignation in strong
terms, without even considering the impelling
nause,behind. _
The men who drive these horses and mules are
not as a rule cruel merely out of wantonness, but
are like their four-footed companions, victims of a
.system that has but little room for sentiment if
the output be diminished.
Of course, your ordinary critic will declaim,
against the brutal treatment of dumb animals and
lay tlie blame upon individuals instead of studying
the causes at the back of it—perhaps toll'you that
the horses are well fed and stabled, as he." has been
through, them, on a Sunday." ■ This is quite true,
and speaking generally, the stable accomodations
and the rations supplied are excellent,, otherwise
the horse inspector might make a complaint and it
would be remedied. Still, he does not see what
goes bn under the ground, nor does he stay long
enough to become acquainted with the different
horses and note- whether, "Ginger," "Dan,"
"Fanny," "BilV' "Bob" and the rest of.the equine family are given sufficient rest between shifts
or not.'      . '
. A horse perfectly willing to work, gentle under
normal conditions, after ■ doing" one day's work
—eight' hours—is taken to the stable. 'After a
good feed, an hour's .rest, out he goes* again, and
for an hour or so works fairly well, but tired nature asserting itself begins to lag. Then the voca-
bulary, the stock in trade of every "skinner," being exhausted without producing the desired effect, l\e takes more forcible methods of urging
the poor brute to greater exertion, as the driver
boss impresses upon, the driver the necessity for
keeping up the record of the shift before, and very
probably retailing some of the delectable language
that the pit boss or local supt. has uttered relative
to the working capacity of some of the men' at
work. , 'The brnnt of the effect falls upon the
poor animal,, and thus urged/the driver knowing
that unless he delivers t^e goods he will injure his
own interests, and-with visions of a thin pay enve-
-loperor-a-walking-eonimission-eoming-to-himy-be^
comes- enraged at the seeming obstinacy of his'
steed, beats the, hone-tired'"gee-gee unmercifully—
sometimes assisted by a fire boss, who is anxious to
keep up his record for getting out coal, resorting to
more cruel.methods than the'driver even. On the
other hand this petty official may censure a man
.(especially if he.wishes to get .an excuse to "fire"
him) for his treatment,of the animal; an altercation results; and probably in addition' to losing his
job thc driver may face a criminal charge for
cruelty to animals. \   -(. ;
If a stable book were kept showing the number
of shifts.each horse works during a week, and this
book thoroughly examined by'the horse inspector,
much in the,same way as is tho "gas book," there
would bo some astounding revelations. But—but
.—where "records" are insisted upon horse and human flesh are of but minor consideration.
1 , V
How to remedy this state of affairs is by no
mi>!i!.._ a very difficult problem for those, who mim
responsible for its existence. This evil, like many
(ithern, will be quickly remedied whon it is proven
that it is more oxpensive to lessen-the workint capabilities of tho mules and horses than il is to got
tho maximum of efficiency out of them by adopting a system thnt ensures thc animals from imposition, either, in the hours of work or the punishment
for thoir obstinacy (?)
Bellevue Disaster ;
Memorial Services
LARGE ATTENDANCE AT COMMEMORATION
OF TRAGIC DAY
FIREMAN INJURED
Tho westbound locnl on Monday
night had Just loft Now Mlchol, whon
tho train wiib brought to n sudden
standstill, A nilmiUi lutor Uio engineer
wuh Been running In the nnow with
torch light In hnnd, shouting: "My
flromnn Is hurt!" It wiib found that
tho flromnn, II. I.. IlorrlnBton, of Cranbrook, hml hoon Htruck by a plank projecting from a car of n .rolght trnln,
Upon boln). brought Into thn bnggitgo
enr, whoro first-aid wob ronrtorcd him,
It wnB neon thnt )\o hnd nn ngly gash
ovor tlireo Inchon long ovor tho loft
byobrow, nnothor scvero flonh wound
on hln check, nnd a bruise upon hla
head. A telegram waB sont to Pornlo
• whoro tho Injured mnn wns mot by Dr,
Corsan nnd hurried to tho hospital,
Eight studios woro put' In his wound,
niid lio Ir now mnklng favorable progress towards recovery.
SOCIALIST .PARTY
l)oiit* forgot tlio Koonomlc ClnBH In
tho  Llbrnry lloom  of tho  MlnorB'
Hull on RuiKlny nl'toriioon, commune.
Ine nt 2.30.
It Ib understood thnt officers of tho
pnrty for tho forthcoming yonr woro
oloctod Irroptnlnrly, nnd thoro Ib tnlk
of Homo dolmto arising ovor this nt
tho mooting on Sundny ovanlnir noxt,
Arrangements nro .maer   wny
bringing  In
The Ninth Annunl Uonspoll of tho
Albcrtn Branch of tho II. 0. C. C. will
bo held nt Edmonton, Alborta, com-
nienclng Wednesday, January lDth,
10111.
Tho Lndlos' Aid of tho Baptist
Church will hold n snlo of aprons nnd
fancy articles, nlBo homo cooked food,
nt :i p,ni„ Snturday, Doo. 14th. Aftor-
noon tcnB, 15 cents,
All foreigners Interosied    In   tho
study of English nro requested to nt.
t'nrt n meeting to ho held In tho bnso-
for j ovonlng nt sovon o'clock, when plans
bovo.oI spenkors during i w111 bo formulated by J, W, Bonnott
tho coming wlntor months.
Watch for announcements Inter.
' An organ lnnd political movomont of
tno workers Is essential to victory.
for clnssoB to bo hold during tho wln<
tor season.
& neeis ax tne isis
Commencing noxt Tuosday tho Isis will show 8 Roots'of Fen-
turo Pictures oach night, Pictures obangod Monday, Wednesday
and Friday.
M frrunt pv;\finn/> thf lilu )\ni ppriirf.il pxpln«1ff» rlnhtw tn «hnw
'.ho Universal Program—tho greatest hi tho world—In Fernio, Wo
think our show Is worth 20 cents, but to moot competition we will
run tho T3IQHT HEELS nightly with TWO FI3ATUIIKS n woek at'
tuna) prices,    The show starts at 7.30.
Think of Itv-n 2'i hour show for 10 nnd 20 rfntnl
Tho Isis hns always put up as good a show ns anybody and
will continue to do so.   Thoro ts no "just ns good" nt nny pnr.<
Como and stny as long ns you llko, and wo will guarantee thnt
you will bo well pleased.
Coming Monday - 101 Ranch Hlmn
An entirely different' set of pictures from those- shown here b<»
tutu. TLlt-fciUnowa LlfCON THC GREAT 10t RANCH.
DIRTH
Cll.$8WOnTH.-On   Monday,  Doo.
0, to M.r nnd Mrs, Wm. Chosworth, a
DIED
..ctcuiLor 7th,—The Infant son of
.3 ...on dragon, nged two'months. Fun-
t.. _ nu,i, uh ia.imiim.1 '.nn iruiu Uiu
.<!h toi (Lurch; Father Molssner offl-
ni nlr,
. < ii iN-r'Sih.—Fred Turner, ngcd'6
.    -   ai.l 8 months.     Funeral sor-
.,    ■ i.j. In tho looms of Thomson
■< it ou nt_.ij.uber lOtlr, the
!•' ui official lng.
 ih—thus.   J.    Uulner,
.■•!•.ni are .King held at tho
j .■ ms of Tlomfon and
■ mnV.td to nn attack of
'"tne n' nirangomonta
<<! n va'uig the arrival ol
<i .4 tiiitiotitiuon to havo
_ <^:a r'i ron 0 for '"ernie.
A large audience filled the Socialist Hall in Bellevue on Sunday, December 8, to commemorate the" awful and
tragic disaster which occurred in the
mine,, on December 9,, 1910, when, 31
men lost tlieir lives. This was, therefore, the second anniversary. "The
cbalr was,, occupied by-E. W. Christie,
and with him on the platform were the
Rev. Mr. Irwin, C.M., O'Brien, M.P.P.;
J. W Bennett, C Stubbs, the speakers
of the afternoon, and others.      '.,_
After, the chairman had made a few
appropriate opening remarks, he called upon Mr. Irwin to address the audience. "
The rev. gentleman paid a touching
tribute to the departed. Ho referred
to the economic question and the cost
of production • of tho world's goods,
and the cost of lives which this necessarily entailed. He went to point
out how the maxim, "An Injury to
one is the concern of all" is now being recognized on all sides. He further said that as he would have an opportunity of speaking that evening at
the religious service, he said, he did
not'desire to 7 take up their time too
long..-   „     \ .
J. W. Bennett reviewed the Incidents
of the day of the explosio'n, and also
made reference to a very touching
scene which 'occurred In the wash-,
house when some little tots saw their
father lying silent in death and childlike thought he was sleeping and went
home full of wonderment as to why
daddy had selected such a place instead of going home as usual. He
Illustrated the meaning of solidarity
by quoting the.circumstances connected with one of the victims who had
only been working a short time and
had, not been able to pay the necessary amount entitling him to the benefits of the United Mine Workers/. But
the members decided to transcend the,
strict letter of the law and grant to
thift unfortunate? a Finlander, the same
treatment a'st' was accorded to others:
The. significant' part of this is that ,the
motion, was put by a Slavonian, seconded by an Italian and unanimously carri-"
ed. " He paid an eulogy to those who
had gone in on the rescue part, as they
were fully cognizant or, what they were.
■uoing-and-the'l•iBk-they-^vere■runnlng■
without any reward save that of duty
well done. He pointed out in contradistinction the medals, etc., awarded to those whose sole object is that
of destroying life^and not saving it,
making reference:.to the .'lines in the
"Charge of' the Light- Brigade"—
"Theirs not to reason why;' theirs but
to, do and die"—whereas with .the'rescue parties ..they ,did ^reason" and
were willing to take the risks incident
thereto.-
C. M. -O'Brieni-followed. ■ He-<sald
that not only "were thoy together that'
afternoon for the purpose of commemorating the sad event, but also to see,
If .ways and means cannot,be found to
prevent such n disaster from occur-
ing again, and. InVorder to do that It
Is-necessary for them io look Into the
cause of that dlsanter, and that If they
found the cause.to be still ln existence, It ls up to-them to remedy It,'
He then went on to flhow that so Jong
as Industry was bolng run for profit,
bo long would such conditions exist,
nnd it is, therefore, noceBflfiry to abolish the present system of government
to remedy such evils. Ho roforrod to
his motion of censure on the Alberta
Governmont for the Bellevue disaster,
and nltliough lho Liberals nnd Con-
aorvatlvos profess to bo opponotl to
oach other, In face of a common foo
thoy Btnntl unltod. Ab an llluBtra-
lie Biild that not ono of tho opposition
to tho governmont voted with him;
on tlio contrnry, n. B, Bonnott, n Con.
sorvntivo, nnd tho most fluont speak'
er in the house, wuh the ono who do.
fondod tho govornmont on that occasion.
Clom StubbB followed. Beforo com.
.noticing to Bpoak on tho subject ho
Invltod thono who woro standing nt
tho bnck to como «ji a bit nnd tnko
nontH, Haying: "Thin mooting belongs
to us, nnd you cnn tnko n front sent;
tho working plug has tnkon a bnck
sont long enough." Aftor his hu...
gffltlon lind been netod upon by mnnv,
hn pnlr! thnt tlioy woro not only thero
tr oxpnw tholr nymnnthv, but. to
lonrn nnd to profit by their oxpertonc"*.,
nnd »o look ovor tlio ovonts of that
tlmo. Ho roforrod to tho organisation ".vlilon ho ronrcbeiitb, nnd Its objects In rovertlnR MaV to tho dlmii-
ioi ho iiiontloned thnt nt tho tlmo thi»y
nsttod tho nowsnnperi. t& throw thol-
i-nlinrvin nnon for nnrwil* tn nM T.nu
uiuii *|,r,nn wns jiihj.»,l>c(H throuch
tlio - Mvupnpors, th«j nvnber« of tv
orgnnlzntlon subscribing $4,3P8, whleh
nmounts woro nowv practically ox-
bntistod. Tho Coal Company's subscription nmniint<.rl to—Nil! II would
llicrvforo ho seen Hint tho organisation wns not only uiwfiil for tho pur-
poso' of strikes, an somo pooplo bo-
llovod. Tho sponkor also inferred
to tho Krnis Case nnd h«w hnrd ll had
bpon rMnrht, which coul1 only hn\«
'tttpn i'iiu- through i'». unppott, o( nu
orr.Miyntlon; tbo __iivr>.»ft.i Miinl ro-
mi'. / Kliid. will h-fi npriro't •l-il bv
tlo Vi rrbors of dep/ndnnts. •••o will
now iWolv.. rflmponsstlon.
Tho chntrmnn concluded an Imp***-
slvo nnd Instructive afternoon's moot-
fn* wltb n f_.iv IntoresMns; remarks,
.u lbi. ovenlng special services
w«t* held In tha Socialist Hall, cons*
querit upon the' church,accomodation
not being adequate, when- the local
pastor, the Rev. Wi Irwin, selected
fdr his text that portion of chapter 14-
of St. John, which" reads "Let -not
your heart be troubled;' ye believe.,in
God, believe also in me," and "In my
Father's house are many mansions.
If it were not so I would not have told
you. I go to prepare a place for you."
The pastor preached a very. eloquent
germon," paraphrasing the sentences
making man a/dlvlne portion of'the
Godhead,' showing the tremendous
growth of democracy •noticeable
throughout the civilized world, and
stating lt was essential ■ today to look
to a divinity not beyond tho clouds
but down here among men.
Appropriate musical services were
ably rendered by the choir.
''/&
.LOOK FOR      /
THE BLUE PACKAGE
BE. CAREFOLT O
SEE THAT LABEL ON
PACKAGE «S BLUE.
NO OTHER COLOR EVER USED ON
ROYALYEAST
REMEMBER THE COLOR BLUE
E.W.GILLETTCD.LTD.
,,,     TORONTO -ONT.
! WHITEST.
?»7
VETERANS'  BRIGADE
THE GRAND
CITY COUNCIL MEETS
Lyons and Volume Appointed Auditors
, The regular meeting ot the, City
Council met on Thursday evening, Acting-Mayor Morrison in the chair. Others present were: Aid. Graham; Broley, Robichaud and Wallace.
., The letter from, Wilson, Herchmer
and LaW in connection with the city
magistracy wns held over untiPnext
meeting.
The letter from the B. C. Union of
Municipalities in connection with a
request for ..15.00, a sort of assessment - for the purpose' of watching
municipal legislation at Victoria, was
held over for next year's council. *
The Superintendant of Education
wrote regretting that he could not increase the school grant, as all monies
for such purposes had been expropriated.    '      .      ,       ;
G. A. Perry, of : Stillwater, Min.,
wants to start a.clay product factory
in Fernie, and asked for information.'
The"-letter was referred to the Board
of Trade.
, Reports were read from the City Engineer and the,Fire, Water and Light
Department.   ■' <    ■ ' _
rC. E. Lyons and J. S. Volume were
appointed auditors for "the city.
The ' Ladies' ' Benevolent   Society
Company 39, Veterans' Brigade held
their annual meeting on the 8th inst,,
when the following officers were elected for 1/13:
.   President—Lt.-Colonel Mackay.
1st Vice-President—Mr. Thos. Uphill
2nd Vice-President—Mr Robt. Spiers
3rd Vice-President—Mr John Mlnton.
Secretary—Lieut. George O'Brien.
Treasurer—Mr, Chas. O'Brien.
', Auditors—Mr  John   F.   Macintosh
and Captain Wm.'Keay,
Communications was, read form the
officers of Christ Church tendering
the free use of the church basement
to the veterans for Hheir ' meetings,
also from Mr. A. T. jackson, under-
taker, Spokane,' requesting information
as to whether final arrangements had
been made for the care of the ambulance. ...
Committees .were "appointed to attend to these matters and-report at
next meeting, also a unanimous vote
o. thanks-was tendered.the officers
of Christ Church for their kind offer.
It was resolved- that a letter of appreciation for his recent announcement that the Canadian Pacific Rail-
,way would give ex-military men the
preference for positions Ih the company s service.for which they may be
suitable, be sent.
A communication from the Dramatic Club",. Coal Creek, and others ten-
lering" Weir service should the Veterans decide to hold another concert
for charitable purposes was read, and
this matter .will be .dealt with in
the near future. • - . l <■
_, A list of thoso who -indly subscribed to the. ambulance fund will bo
published as soon as the list is closed.
Good houses still'continue to be the,
rule af this house, and;.the pictures'
that are being shown fully justifies
the patronage. The five-piece orchestra aro rendering some good work and
are showing a" decided Improvement.
One of tho best two-reel feature film's
ever shown in Fernie is promised for
tonight and tomorrow matinee and
evening. "On Secret Service" is said
to be a sensational war story in which '
everything poss'blo Jn. military sensa-
liomil'sm and dramatic situations, conceivable In a military production, has
been included. In addition to this
three other pictures will.be shown.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS,
were granted a donation of $150.
It was decided that nominations and
polling take place in the Council Cham-
l-cr and thai the City Clerk , W.R.
Ross, act as returning officer.
GREEN TO  BE TRIED ON  DEC. 18
Arthur Green, the man who kicked
up a rumpus'at Coal Creek last month,
and who In the preliminary hearing d©;
elded upon having a speedy trial, wlli
appear .before Judge Thompson on
Wednesday next.       -     '       *.    ■
A-pool room proprietor charged with
gambling will also appear on that day.
.   THE  GRAND  PRIZE  DRAWING   ■
1 Tickets for the grand drawing in
aid of the' Fernie Worklngmen's Club
are selling like hot cakes, nd anyone
desiring to participate would do well
to get a few^before it is too late. The'
prizes are! valuable and, will-come .In
handy for Christmas.        ,   .
Decided improvement is noticeable
in Pythian circles throughout the Pass.
Fernie No. 31 is doing considerable-
work, and on Tuesday next, December
17th, it is expected there "will'be a"
'large attendance of viBiting knights ,
from Cranbrook,'Hosmer..Michel and
Coleman, when the first named will
exemplify the chlvalric rank in amplified form.! The Cranbrook team will
be the guests of Fernie and will partake of their hospitality at the King
Edward Hotel. All members ot Fernie
31/and all sojourning Knights, are
earnestly requested to be in _,atten-
dancefes a thoroughly- enjoyable even-
ing is a foregone conclusion.
<
THE ISIS
Manager Miller-was fortunate in ob-'
taining a special attraction for tonight .
and tomorrow's, matinee!  This is Prof.
Maiighan-'s' Animal   Show,  consisting' ,
of 8 performing dogs and a trained
bear that does a fifteen minute act.
J^e_^ilm_J_____b_(^shoimJtoge.thei^with	
the animal show are: "Trials of Faith,"
"The Cowboy Kid," "For tbe Common-,
wealth" -'a rrison' labor story), and
"One" Round O'Brien" (comedy). Two
2-reel films will be shown next week,
"Undine" and "A Frontier Child."     '
DISTRICT ELECTI0N8
According to the Lethbridge Herald
all the District Officers have been
re-elected with big majorities with tho
exception of Thos.' G. HarrleB, who
was beaten by David Rees for International Board Member.    .. {
!
THE   PROVEN   PREMIER   PICTURE
PLAYHOUSE
tW_W_SHSSS_____^________M__WM»___S»--S-M^^
TONIGHT & SATURDAY MATINEE
PROF. MADGHAN'S
ANIMAL SHOW
Eight Performing Dogs ££&£
Talk.  See Ihetn Dancing, Jumping, Skipping, etc,
«tilla   Tadflv"   The wonderful trained
mia leiiuy    Bear that does a is.min.
ute act, loose on ihe stage in dressed character.
Also 4,000 Jeet 0/ feature Hints,      Usual trices,
FREE ATTRACTION
*4 TriXlB** Me-World's Famous High-Diving Dog
 will make a Leap for Life from a SO-
foot ladder in fr$nt of the Isis before the matinee
tomorrow afternoon,   Don't fail to see it.
That Satisfied Fooling Cornea after
Attending tho Isis
Classified Ads.--Cent a Word
' GIRL WANTED for Country Hotel.
Apply H, Edwards, Wycliffe, B."C.
GIRL. WANTED for general housework; to sleep ln. Apply, Mrs, Cralg,
McPhersoa Avenue. ■ ,.. ,
WANTED—General ; Servant for
small family; bulk'qf washing Bent to
laundry. , Apply to Mrs. F. Whito, 12'
Victoria Avenue. -17-ltp
" WANTED—Teams to hire for log.
ging. Wattsburg Lumbor Co., Watts-
burg, B. C,
FOR SALE—Player Piano; torms nr-
rnnged.    Apply, J-. B., co. Lodger.
FOR   RENT.—Four-roomod   Houbo
Apply,     w. Mlnton, Lindsay Avo_,
Annex, or "M.M.," Ledgor Office..
WILL YOU WORK FOR MB?—
Showing .xioplo my lltoraturo about
Port Alberni, tho groat new seaport ^
of B. O. now bolng dovolopod by railroads nnd other vast Interests. Sploii*
did seller. Liberal commissions;
prompt settlements; good material to
work with. 8. J. Wilson, 118 IlnBt-
tugs Street Wost, Vancouver, B, C. ■ 3t
THE FERNIE
»
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgr   .
1 V
I,    .
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
SMM'a Cure
STOPS C0H0V <■■ ■"wwwh.s*
X
it*.' - UICB. S»C__NXf
kj-S-to'' li'K <l»M'>l'*«*>'«">"i " '■ •<
•■TIIM—rM—B—__»__»__. ..»..«^. ."MMHHM^
THE DISTRICT/ LEDGER, PERNIE,   B. 0., DECEMBER 14,1912.
PAGE FIVE'
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;♦■-/.,   COLEMAN  NOTES
*■ .The mines still-continue to work
steady.here, and prospects look good
.for a steady.winter's work, providing
the weather keeps favorable.
\ There is a burglar In town, so keep
your doors locked. Last Saturday
'night Win. Evans' house on Main" St.
was entered and a set ot books taken.
' The • Opera House was also broken
into some time on Saturday night
or early Sunday morning: and a sum
of. money stolen. " Whoever the party
or parties may be is not known, and
there have been no arrests made yet:
The Rev. Mr. Grant, of Crow's Nest,
• filled the pulpit at the Institutional
Church on Sunday morning and evening, Mr.. Murry not having sufficiently
recovered from his injuries to resume
■> his duties.
Comrade Chas.  M. O'Brien was a
- -visitor in town for the week-end.
Mr. Alex. Easton has gone to Calvary for the week on business.
•.. The mines were idle here on Tuesday, it being election day for officers
bf the District and International union.
The skating. rink opened here on
Monday night with Stakes' Orchestra
In attendance, and a very enjoyable
'evening was spent by old;and young
' The ,Odd Fellows of Coleman gave,
a Whist drive and dance oh Monday
night, and a very enjoyable time was
spent by all' that had the pleasure of
'attending it.', „,....'
\ Mr. Edward Holmes, of 'Creston,
was a visitor in.town the first part
of the week.
-3 There are quite a few strangers In
town these days, and the hotels \are
' kept busy catering to their wants.
. Mrs. Frank Leary Is seriously ill
at her home on Third Street. ' We
have been informed that there .is a
slight improvement at time of .writing. . , . '■,•'■_
The auction sale which was to foe
held at the-Coleman Drug Store did
not take, place, as there was some
arrangement made'-for a .settlement
of .the business. - The store lg now
open .to the public' for business again.
7    Go. to  the Western Canadian Co-
" Operative Trading. Co. Storn fnr ym,v
_CI_r.stmas goods. All your'wants' can
lie supplied there. Don't forget the
'children. Get busy! , "
. Miss Annie Gillespie celebrated her
tenth birthday on Tuesday by giving
a birthday party to her young girl
friends! "       V    .   ' .   ' "      ■
<►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦•+ + ■»■<>
•♦.-  '   ' • '♦
♦ HOSMER NOTES ♦
ment.    .We all wish you"good"luck,
Alatt. ; .' J '      '-'•■     ',/'. *r      ,.■",
Frank Owen ■ returned on Tuesday^
.with his. young bride. Frank gave a
dance" on Tuesday evening and every
one present enjoyed themselves- Immensely.-'. Frank'is a jolly good fl-
low, and we all wish him and his wife
good luck. * y
The music at, the dance was-supplied by Frank Newman and; John
Ireson. .. ^ _
We are" pleased to see the Newman
boys back again. Maybe we will be
able to get a dance once In a while.
Arthur-Newman, who had been idle
for the past few days, bn account of
a" sore foot, has started to work again.
We are* pleased to say that Tom the
teamster, Ib getting better. ■ Tom has
been In bed for the past two weekB,
but Is expecting to be able to'start
work by the end of the week.
R, T. Stewart was at Fernie this
last week, purchasing the presents
for the Christmas tree.   '
Mr. Watson, the clerk of the .store
up here, paid Hosmer a visit this week.
Ed. Roberts Is ori a visit to Spokane.    ""!'''
Mike took in the sights of Michel
on Saturday and Sunday, but he says
there's no place HireI'Corbln. -
Tom Yates,:of Michel, is a visitor to
Corbln. , Tom is one of the scrutineers for the International Election.
Tom says Corbin ;mlght be a nice
place In the Bummer, but It is nothing
to be proud of in the winter,
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
*     _ .<*
♦'" MICHEL   NOTES    ",        ♦
PERSONAL
♦
' If Charles Warlaby, brother-
in-law of Winounskle (deceased), late of Corbin, B: C, will
kindly ^communicate with district Secretary A, J. Carter,
he will hear of something
which will be to his interest.
<*
♦
■♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦
-Frank Luthauser has started ,up in
huslness again in the prcmlsos next
, t. tho bank. *
'    Mr. William Towers, was here on a
visit this weoK.
,.„ A meeting of the school board trustees was held on Thursday ovenlng,
. Tho skating rink Is now opon and
anyono desirous of obtaining membership may do so by giving his namo together with the soauon'8 subscription,
which Is $5, to Frank Newton, honorary secretary.
The election of District Officers took
plnco on Tuesday last.
Tho Knights of Pythias or© having
their annual ball on Now Years' Eve,
A good orchestra will bo in attondanco.
Supper at 12 p.m. Dancers nro ro-
quostod to remain masked until thon.
Oct busy look up your dross and look
tunny. Admission, $1.50, Ladles
froo, Prizes will bo glvon for tho
most original costume, tho bost sustained character and tho most coml-
"cnl costume.
Mlns Holon Rnnkln went on ii visit
to Lothbridgo on Saturday ovenlng.
Jack Mihalcik waB nt Pornlo acting
, as noutrnl Bcrutlnoor In tho dlstrlot
oloctlon.
Frank Owon was married on Tuosday at Fornlo to Miss Allco Mnlo. Th|
happy couplo wont through on tho
ovonlng trnln to tholr futuro destination nt Corbln,
, Don't forgot. A gonoral mooting of
tho Athletic Club will bo hold ou
Monday noxt. Tho gymnastic apparatus having nrrlvod tho club will
bo started nt an early dote,
Our old frlond Frod Onkos wnnt
through on Sunday night's pnssongor
bound for n trip to tbo old country.
Mr. and Mrs. Jamloson arrived horo
on Monday laat nnd, of courso, tho
usual shlvoroelng wont on nftor it bo-
law.) mhomu uiuy uaa arrived,
Mr. TV. MiJlw tfau xiullluf &, ulilf
moro on Tuosday last. *
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦A
4*   ccro.n wrra
♦ ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Vergo, tho Flnthoad King, paid a
visit to tho Summit on Monday to soo
If things woro bolng carried on all
right
Oh, Matt, when you get anothor keg
tnko It to bud, Don't put It In the
•pantry to get frown.
Tom Brown has been taking In tbe
sights of Hofmor a fow days this
wool.;.
Matt Ryan, an old timer la tbe Paae,
ba* takftu h__> bag and ba_.iii.i_4. to Mlo
hel, vbere be baa obtained employ.
At the , Contract Miners' Meeting,
held last Sunday, 'the following. persons were nominated for checkwelgh-
men:'". John Marsh, Richard Jones,
Wm. Porter, Wm. Wilde, George Bed-
dlngton and John Makin. '•The elec-.
tion will take place'on the 19th. Inst.
The following were elected for" Check-
weigh Committee: Thos? Yates, Geo.
V/jlde, Fred'Hutchinson and^Thos. W.
Brown. .John Newman was re-elected
as secretary of the committee.
■ The result of the District vote taken
at Michel is as follows:. President:,
C. Stubbs,, 133 ;:'H. Elmer, 155. Vice^
Tfe^rdenK^rorJones796;' Geo. Wild?
187; Sec.-TreasUrer: A.N JL "Carter,
95; T. W. Brown, 183^ International
Board Member:D. Rees," 17; T. G.
Harries, 248; F.' Wheatley, 6; Chas.
Peacock,-8. " Auditors: D.> Paton, 53;
T. France„-78; J.Unsworth, 31;. John
Making 163; W. L. Porter, 173. Sub-
District Board Member: J. W. Gray,
46; J. Howbrook, 37; J. Newman, 210.
W. L, Porter, hunter and guide,
just before hunting season came tn,
went baching and stated that he was,
going to fill his larder with enough
game to last all winter. , However,
the hunting season is fast drawing to
a close, and poor Bill is seen making
his dally trips to the. butcher's shop
for,, two-bltB' worth of pork chops.
Better hick next season, Bill.        [
Fred Beddlngton challenges any one
in Michel for long distance plgoon
flying,
„ Dancing classes aro hold every Tuesday night In Lqckhhrts' Opora House.
Tho latest addition In tho way-of
aport for tho Boys' Club Is snow-shoo-
lng. What's tho matter with tho
grown-ups forming a snowshoc club?
Thomas Williams, District Mining
Inspector, was in canip Tuesday making an inspection.
Thoso wishing to take skating los-
sons Hhould npply to RED.
Bill Boddlhgton, tho rabbit catchor,
has boon protty successful this last
wook, nnd mnny aro tho llttlo ones
that foil Into his wnry, snares. '
On Monday, tho 2nd Inst., dt Mlchol,
Miss Joan Murray, of Fornio, was map
ried tp Mr. Hurry ttorrlo, of Fernie-.
Tho coromony was porformod by tho
Mothodlst minister hero. Tho happy
couplo" havo stnrtoil hoiisokooplng
horo and wo wish thorn nil sorts of
Joy tn tholr now stnto.
. A mooting of tho Insldo employees
of tho Mlchol Colllorlos Is called for
nt 2 o'clook, Sunday, tho 16th December, 1012, Tho buslnpns of tho moot-
lng will bo to discuss tho quostlon of
Inspection committees,
Quite a numbor aro enjoying skating on tho Ico of the crook these days.
Wo, hoar that tho prlco of lots In
Mlchol Cemetery has boon raised from
two to flvo dollars, Those wishing
for lota should buy now, aa thoro Is
no telling when tho prlco mny be advanced again,'
Frank Carpenter brought Into camp
Slinrlnv t««t nun nf t^n finest V'-lclt;
that has h«*n got tbla sonson, Thnrn
are flvo points on oaoh horn, and thoy
aro oven.
Mr. McKinnon, Uto yard master at
Michel, la now on the pollco forco, bav*
Inn roHftVi»rt Owitm. Wnlnhv fnr n
weok whilst bo la out on a bunting
trip.
Mr, A. Macnoil, solicitor, Fornlo,
paid n business trip to Mlebel Saturday laat.
W. R. Burgess, late of the Imperial
Bank, hore, but, now located at Athabasca', fs (ponding bis holiday* bore
and ronowlng old acquaintances,
M. D. McLean, of Corbln, was a
visitor bore this week.
Den Lewis, an old tlmor of Michel,
paid a visit hero last Thursday and
renewed old acquaintances.
Wm iimallman and Hill lianaer, who
shot one of the finest bull moose seen
for many a year. The animal when
dressed weighed 900 lbs. and haB a
spread of horns 9 feet "long. Some
moose, eh!
Mr. and Mrs. M. Joyce and family
left last Saturday night for. the north
country. We wish them all sorts of
success In their new home.
Savage, the rooster, has been promoted. He's now his own boss on
the Government Bridge. The rest of
the gang have been sent to Waldo.
The Colored Pan-American Male Octette singing party, wntch entertained
in"Lockhart's Opera House Tuesday
night was, to say the least, a treat.
Their songs and witty Mayings, as the
song,says, "filled the audience with
glee.'. The song, "Old,Black Joe,"
sung by one of the party whose,name
we are not in possession of, brought
down the,house with applause..-
If you're.feeling out of sorts—,
Kinder down and blue,   *'
Hike down to Lockhart's Hall    . ,   0
And spend an,hour or two.
Th» pictures there are' all first class,
Cuaranteed to cure the blues;    , ,
You'll hiiie it home.'when they're rua
through,
And have a good night's snooze.
- The genial Slim Bery has once again
been heard from. He is filling the
position of porter at the Hillcrest
Hotel, which ls being run under the
able management of Mr. Chas Fuches,
Late of New Michel. ■- You won't
come, eh?
search."     The paper provoked much
discussion.
Mrs. Wm. Eschwig," of Fernie, .is
visiting her sister, Mrs. Andrew: Goodwin here.    -,       , .-   ..
Miss Pearson, of Calgary, is visiting her parents in this camp.
- Rev. J. F. Hunter, of Blairmore, aud
his brother from Saskatchewan, were
visitors in Belevueiast week.
Mrs. Wm. Sihvon," of Coleman, spent
Sunday in Bellevue.
Joe Solva. and wife, of Passburg,
were visltors^ere on Sunday.
Freddie Beal, the local athlete, will
give a performance on the horizontal
bar at the church bazaar next week.
The pastor of the German Lutheran
Church In Pincher . Creek performed
a wedding ceremony among some of
his people at Maple Leaf on Sunday.
We are pleased to report that Mrs.
Bardsley, who has been very ill for
some time, is around again.
Jack Hutton ls taking a trip to Lethbridge and Calgary; besides looking
oyer some of'the coal deposits of the
province of Alberta.
Mr.Hinellne, of the Bellevue'Hotel,
went up to Lethbridge on Sunday
night. ' t,
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ COAL CREEK
♦ : '
♦ _   BURMIS NOTES <+
H._T,_Lloy_d,_,the_electricalienginee"Ji.
of Frank,: is erecting the poles and
stringing the wires for the" lighting of
the townsite by" electricity; and expects, to haye the juice turned on soon.
The school children under the leadership of Mr.' Tonks, are billed to give
a cantata In the now school on Christmas Eve. A dance will also be held
in connect|on with same. -        .'
The government bridge gang . are
busy at present erecting the, long-look-
ed for and much advocated bridge over
tho Old Man River here.
Mr. Hinks Of the Western Canada
Agency Lethbridge,. paid our town a
flying visit last week end.,
A subscription was taken,up last
week end for the purpose of providing
tho school children with'a Christmas
tree, and quite a fair sum haB b'oen
realized..
Several Burmls people took in the
smoker at Hillcrest on! Monday evening and report having spent'an enjoyable tlmo.
1 A steam pipe line Is bolng run from
the'now boilers to tho new tipple for
heating purposes. :*-.
Tho balloting for tho olootion of
DlBtrlct Officers of U. M. W, of A,
took place here on Tuesday.
• Several Creekites left camp last
week-end en.route for England, where
they intend to spend Christmas; Mr.
and Mrs. Machin, Mrs. Josiuih Board-
man, Mrs. J. Patterson, Sam McMur.ay
and Jack .Bentham all left at one
time. _ '. .       .   v?5i
Bert- Lanfear, jr., Drought a flno
specimen of deer Into camp on Saturday as a result of his markmanship.
The Christmas tournaments are now
in full swing at the club.' Some of
our local cueists are in fine form.
It is'a pity the new billiard table has
not arrived'yet.    '    ' ■■  .-.','
_ A colored woman got into trouble
ori Monday evening, which resulted In
her ^alliifg into, the hand's-' of Provincial Constable Boardman., * i
t The.Club Hall was packed almost
to suffocation on, Tue'sday on the occasion jOf-the Dramatic Club concert.
The hall -was tastefully decorated and
iMJtage=l_tr_tis_tically,furnis_ied..through.
0 BELLEVUE NOTE8
Tho
house
lily
lady who runs tho boarding
in Bellevue disappeared last
Sunday, but tiirnod up snfo und sound
on Thursday, and was rocolvod with
opon arms. • .
Mr. BJ. W. Chrlsllo. who loft canip
on Thursday morning for Calgnry, on
business, returned Saturday night.'
Thoro was a laborer Hurt on Thursday by a enr running over liU foot,
Us was tnkon to tho hospital, whero
ho rocolvod trontmont.
Mr. Stephen Hmnblo was in Calgnry
this woek on bUBlncsB In connection
with tbo Christmas troo wo aro having
for the chlldron.
Mr. Kolly, • tho schoolmaster, took
tho consuB last week, and round thnt
tlioro are some 315 children In crimp
to receive Santa Glaus,
Mr_ JameB Llnsoy Is now oconpylnj
tho houso lately vacated by Mr. Collin Mccnivrftj'.
Doctor nnd Mr«, McT?<*m.lp Wtc
away to Blairmoro on Bundny.
Mr. Collin MoQlllvray wai In town bn
the kindness of Trites Wood Co. The
artistes all aquittecL themselves creditably. Owing to unforeseen circumstances we were debarred from enjoying the vocal abilities of Mr. G. Mofr
es and Mrs, Percy. .,-,Mr. Jack Puckey
kindly filled In-the ovaoancles.. The
programme was.as follows: , Pianoforte overture, Mr. -C. Percy; Song,
"Down the Vale," Mrs. A.. Watson;
song/"The Collier,"-.Mr. R. Bills-
borough; song, Mr. J.:McMlllan; song,
Mr. W. R. Puckey; Cornet duet, "O
Lovely Night,". Messrs. Fowley and
Bannister; song, "Liza," Mr. J. Puckey
aong, Mr J. Quinn'ey; song, "The Span-
lard that Blighted My Life," Jack'
Hewitt. A play in rone act, ontltlod,
"Wanted a Wife." The following took
part, Mr. H. Pago, Mri.R. Billsbororigh,
Miss.E. Joyce, Miss! M. Michel, MIbs
A France, Miss L. Hnll, MIbb D. Newbury. The second part of the program
waB ns follows: song, MIbb N Woods;
song, Mr. J; Hewitt,'Bong, Mr. Archie
Prontlco; song, Mr. T. Wright.A ono
act j>lay, entitled: ''The District Lodger $fi00 Prize," the following tnklng
part: Mr. G. Flnlayson, Mr. T. Hutch-
inson, Mr. D. F Markland, Mrs Newbury, Mrs. Percy, At tho conclusion of
tho concert a dnnco was held. Tho
commlttoo desire to' thank tho coal
compnny for tho salo,of tickets through
tho mlnos ond tho spoclal train: tho
District Lodger for printing, Trites
Woods for furnishing tho stage fit-
tint., tho nrtlstoB for tholr performance
nnd tho people for tho grand response
thoy mndn to onr'appeal; nlso to tho
triiBtoos of the churches for loan of
chnlrB, Tho efforts put forth havo
roallzod botwoon $280 and $300,
' Subjoct for noxt Sunday at tho ProB-
byterlnn Church Is "In quest of a wlfo
nnd whnt foil out by tlio wny." Mvory
body cor.lfally Invllod, Ilov. Pon won
pnstor,
Preliminary Notico.—Cnntnnta, on-
titled "Fo*y Ponta," Is to bo glvon by
Iho children of the Mothodlst Run-
dny Prtiool in the church on or nbout
OhrlMmns Day. Como nml bonr tho
fllilldrrMi.    Don't forirnt tho tlmo.
Tlio nnnunl PbH«tn.M »»«>-! n»"' tf»
pnrty of tbe Methodist Sunday School
will be Imld In the Church on Bo"l»g
Dnv. Wo understand .tint n com-
ml'troo Is npnolntod to solicit aid to.
wnrds thia objoct.
< no inint>_i wero mi in on 'liiesMnv on
Si-vDind ot ihu Dl*!.!kl (Mil /nUjniA-
_ tlonnl olecilon of officers.
We are sorrv to report tbat Jack
O'Biion 1ms lmd n rMnn.'e nml Is l» n
prornrlotm condition st m-o<<Ant. Wo
mist to sco yoii nround again pretty
soon, Jack.
■ Jim MrPharson enme bomo from
hospltnl on Rnlurdnv nnd fs knocking
around as wny ns can be expected.
.Tobnnv Mi|t«r. emnloved   In   (Vo
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
<►. «
O-    ° BEAVER   MINES    .        ,♦
'*■  ' '" ♦
Vice-President Jones was in the
camp'last Sunday and- attended the
Local, meeting. He gave the members
a little advice on certain matters under discussion and left again on Monday morning.
The new store bouse of the company
is nearly completed and a few of the
carpenters have started on the erection of a new feed barn close to tho
company's stables. '
The boys are holding a smoker this
Saturday evening, when they all hope
to have a' good time and a big turn-
cut. , .
The Tropy and Cameron Hall is
looking well now that the painter is
through with it on the outside, and
when once the inside Is all fixed up
they will have a first class hall. Up
stairs Is the dance hall, which has
oiie of the best floors in this part of
the country. ^ On the groundd-floor ati
the back is "the pool hall, with four
tables in at, and at the front is the
Tost Office on the one side and a refreshment bar on the other,, where one
can get a.bottle of C02 if he cares
to pay for it.
lily, Nelson, Bird Lamb and Wallace
Sharp are fencing in the skating rink.'
In s few days all will be ready. Just
now they have splendid ice.
The company yard engine broke
down last week-end and had to be
sent ■ to Macieod for repairs causing
the mines to.be idle on Saturday and
Monday.
Tuesday being election day the mine
wis again Idle.
The doctor question, which has been
under consideration for two month's
past, is now finally settled. An agreement has been drawn up between,Dr.
Connor,. of Plncher Creek and the
Local Union. An emergency hospital is to be provided and a doctor to
reside at the mines.
The, rabbit poachers bad best look
mt-in case some one-gets on their
track.'
. The.yard engine returning .from Macieod on'Monday morning when on the
road to the mines got piled up iri a
,sriow_.drift,in-one-of-the-cuts-and-had-
+o have the assistance of the wrecking crew, who got her dug out and
bome by four in the afternoon. .7
The children are to; have a Christmas tree. ? A goodly, sum has been
collected by the committee' for the'
same,.who, with Mr.,Tom-Moody as
secretary, are doing-their best to make
It, a success and give the children an
enjoyable evening.
O.uito a crowd went to McDowals'
Lake last Sunday to skate. They
reported god Ice.
A crew of.men are busy putting In
the "Y" at the mines.
• Dave Thoriison haB been off work
this, last few days with a bad cold. 7
' C. Burns, who had his Bhoulder dislocated two weeks ago, returned from
the hospital last weok, end.
. The machinists are putting In a now
steam hnmmor In tho now blacksmiths'
shop. Sam'will havo to be careful—
It" strike* heavier than Charlie, the
holper.
Tho Presbyterian Church Is nearly
flniBhod whero thoy Intend to hold the
children's ChrlstmiiB tree.
Tho Local Union meets on Sunday
at 3 p.m.
was held on Saturday morning,- and
the jury brought in a verdict of accidental death. This is the first fatal
accident since August, 1909. The funeral was held on Saturday afternoon.
The miners met at the Union Hall at
one-thirty and marched to the undertakers, lifting the body at two; then
back to the hall, where,service was
conducted by Rev. Mr.,Maffay. of the
Presbyterian Church. ' Thence to tho
cemetery, where in addition to the service by the minister, the burial service
of the U, M. W. of A. was read over
the departed brother. Peace to his
ashes.
Tom Hogdon has gone to work at the
big mine. After his experience at
Superior Mines, Tom thinks that a
union camp is not so bad after all.
It seems that'across thb river they
havo scales on the bankhead, but refuse to, .weight the coal. The cars
run from one to four hundred pounds
overweight, but still the men are .only
allowed half a ton per car. The men
there don't seem to want to organize
so that the more they are robbed the"
better. After a while they will find
out whether it is to their interest to
be organized or not. '
The Eureka mine,'has opened, up;
again under what,is supposed to be a
new company.     The men were not..
consulted as a body, but a couple of
those. that laid down their tools in
September have gone back to^ work..
Several new men have ,been started
and they are promised their pay'every
two weeks.     The coal is sold locally
for cash, and any money lef$ over .
after paying expenses goes tb pay the
back debt owing to the men now work-.
ing.    There ls no provision,made for
the other men, who are due two hundred dollars.     It is well known that
the stockholders of this company are
mostly miners throughout the Pass; it
is oven said that officials of District
18 own stock.  . If that is true some
one,ought to call a meeting and see'
7*-
(Continued from Page C)
How's This?
We otter Ono Hundred Dollars neward lor any
tasa ol Catarrh (hat cannot Iiu cured Liy Hall*
Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CIIF.VEY & CO.. Toledo. O.
Wc. tlio undersigned, hav« known  F. J, Cheney
(or tlio last IS .-oars, and believe lilra ix-rtceily hon- '
orable In all  IjuhIiioks transactfons and  Uuaaclally
able to carry out any obligation., made by hla firm.
National Bank of cokueiut.
Toledo, Ohio.
. Hall's  C&tarrh  Cure   Is taken   Internally,  acting
directly upon thc blood and mucotii surfaces of the
system.   Testimonials rent Irec.   Price 75 cents per '
bottle.   Sold by all Drut'slsts.
.  Take Hall's Family I'llls (or constipation.
Don't forget to try Easton's
h en you want ;
ICE CREAM, ICE CREAM SODAS & SUNDAES
PORK AND BEAN SUPPERS
FISH AND CHIP POTATOES SUPPERS
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
♦♦♦♦»»»♦♦♦♦♦♦» ♦♦•*.
^ ♦
TABER NOTES +
♦♦♦♦♦♦V ♦♦♦♦*+++.+^.
A sail  nccldent.' liapponod  at  tho
Cnnndn Wodt mine on Thursday after-
noon,  when .lohn  Loftua,  a minor,
workliiK In the plllnrs, wns Instantly i
lilllnd by it full of stono.    An Inqueat i
We haye the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in the Pass.    Everything in -'.
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating, f   Special Attention tb Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANK, Alta.     RO. Box 90
KING EDWARD'8 HIGH 80HOOL
row nova and curls
CIlAMlltOlIK, H.C. '■
II.'.AiiMW'ijiiiNx, MIHHCHKliillN'dTON'     i
Illrt iliiulmui l/iilvriwiiy IM.i_..ii|„„ Dip.!",,',",'
AkhImUiiJ, Mim- iriiliiiHiiN, .Dip .mm of llm I'ul.
li'Wiof TiNHilinni rnr tlm lUrLl tn.iiil',)
Illu'aVlV.n lV,''ii1.,.",il',l',1i-" V'."1 'l'>V"'ll«>llU..iJII lip.
IHI'MIIIIII In lint I I<miiI mint I <]•>•!.
MICHEL OPERA HOUSE
MOVING PICTURES
\i    .
i
Every Night—8 to 10 o'clock
At least five reels nightly, Feature films, Comedies, Educational, Instructive.
Prices 10c & 25c
A  pleasant evening's entertainment, House
comfortable,,commodious and well heated
H. G. LOCKHART
Manager
POOL and BILLIARDS
Sunday, tho fruoit   of   Mr. Arthur I
Bhoaror,',    - I
Mr   Tcw1n'«   miMi^   in   jJjr   -«.;.«.».
noxt Sunday night will bo "The Social
Byatorn ot Nineteen Hundred Yoara
Ago." - i
J. W, Bonnott gavo an llluatratod
locturo on fruit growlnjj In D. C, in ;
tho aehool houio on Saturday night.'
Tho premutation of Uio Crow'a Kent b°H°r TOom' hnd bin band icaldnd by
Pnaa Football League Cup and medaU «'<",'n *•>'■ v«ftk'
will bo modo to tbo member* of Ihe ' WHI* M'v* Trwnvllrh, n ro'nnr em-
Bollovuo team In the Soelallat Hall ployed In No. fi mine, waa i>titttn« un
on Monday night, the ov'ent will be A boom during th* c_nir**» p' m« ^r.'1'
colebrated by a whtitdftve and danco. {on ThurtdAv moro'ng, Im illpwd, and
At 4hli wook'a meeting of tbe Hell* the boom M\ on hltn. cutting hln hf«d
vno Literary and 8el«ntlf1o Socloty and oruiihlng him In the pit of the
., t Mr- 0.»ment stnbbfl road an Interait-! itownch.  The unfortunate fellow wai
are working at the Braieati Colllerlea, Ing paper on 'Modem Scientific Be- removod to Pernio IfoiplUl.
siua
F. M. Thompson Co.
The Quality Store
Blairmore,  Alta.
This la lho place lo purchase what you need for Christmas
Choice Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots &Shoes
See Our Windows for Crockery, Tcyc etc., Suitable for Chrisuu&s rrcsiuiU
630 Boxes  Choice Apples.  $1.75 Box
Just received a complete line of choice new Fruits, Nuts, and Candies. Try
a box of Rowntrce's Special Chocolates and Fruit Pastilles, the most delicious candy on the market.
CHtldretifS Christmas Stockings lOc to 83c
Onr splendid assortment of Toys for Little Ones are priced at our usual Low
M \r%\n. Don't forget Our Motto: The Right Goods, The Right Treatment
Thc Right Price each and every time.
_!J
ji
■Y'-meI
:i %-SA
_, - ";"H
-7. ".'. .,4.
-i .-i ,'>■
f''-<y$
A/.
, y i:
<2
m
*l '.-'. f.    -   I   Ti-
,-yiy y-- ■'■•-.{"•^."V'''  ''*■*' • •*'&/•*•! '<-»■ y-r..^-''"-^-^.^'^.
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,
News from the Carnfis
CONTINUED.FROM PREVIOUS PAGE
102 at the __._.reka.\^as the first camp
that these men get their rights. Local
to be organized in this vicinity, now
it looks as if It was to'be added tb the
long list of scab mines.operating here.
The new fan engine has been, installed at the big mine. The fan has
.... • - v-, a traction engine
since the first of November. The repairs for the box car loader will arrive '
by the last of the montn.
The municipal elections passed off.
--•'■-tly. ' Thero was no contest
for the council. Ed. Brown was nominated on the labor ticket, but withdrew as did two other nominees. The
three remaining candidates were elected by acclamation as' follows: Pete
Hammer, real estate dealer; Ed. Wild-
man, contractor and builder, and J.
Powell, merchant. Harry Brooks and
B. Nugent were the labor candidates
for school trustees, but came out at
tho short end of the vote, The working men will never elect men to office
in this town if they do not get out
and support their men. If the miners
bad turned out as they should Brooki
could have been elected.   •
On Tuesday the voting for district
^and international officers was held.
The Recording Secretary of Lethbridge Local acted as neutral scrutineer for Local 1950. The election
was held at tbe pit mouth, as the holiday was not observed at this camp.
FRANK NOTES
Chas, Lafek moved into a house on
the new townsite this week.
We understand • that our town is to
lose its old name under which' it has
endured many fortunes as well as calamities, and under which it has become known the world over. The new
townsite ls not to be called "Prank,"
but "Sulphur Springs."
Elections are the excitement this
week. Blairmore" had an exciting
time, with H. Lyons and L. Dutil running for mayor, but Lyons won.^by -a
^majority of two. Frank, not being a
town has to wait till the new year be-
- fore anything in, that line 'will be do-
■- ing. Some seem to think that the
"old council should remain in power and
finish tbe work they have begun about
moving the town, but the councillors
are not over anxious to accept the
responsibility of finishing that work..
To express our own honest opinion,
' we would say if we have a new council
and the thing falls through, or something Is "not what it ought tp'be, the
newly elected-men  will be blamed,
and  if  It is  a success  the  retiring
council will get the praise.   The paBt
year has been one of unparalled work
for a village council, and'some of tho
council  haye  acted  well  their part,
. while others seem to have avoided
. very much to do so.   We speak as an
outsider, of course, but We would like
to seo all, the councillors at all the
meetings] or at least a fair number of
them. .      ':'.. 7   '
y John Iolaski, an old-timer in Frank,
has been in town this past week. His
present home .is on his homestead at
Bawlf.'    .,  •  ,'.;   ',:'<*
Miss Maggie Turner has quit ■ the
Union Hotel where she was waitress;
Her place' is taken by Miss Boseley,
of Bellevue.
A meeting of tlie rink committee
■was held In the School -Hall on Saturday evening, when it was decided to
hire a man to look after the rink. Mr.
W Hamilton was the man, his duties
to commence on Monday.
The time for skating and hockey
practice are as follows: Hockey
practice, Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings; skating: Tuesday, Wednesday afternoon, Thursday, Saturday
afternoon and evening.
Mrs. Geo. Pattinson haa returned
home from her visit to Lethbridge.
Mr. Cliff Serrcte is the new assistant at A. S. Blals' grocery store.
Mr. Gehen, the day operator at the
('. P. R., has left for pastures new,
the high altitude did not agree with
him. A new operator has already
taken his place.
Mr. McGaw and Mr. Barr arrived In
town last Friday night from Scotland.
They are staying with Mrs. Crawford,
whf is Mr. McGaw's sister.
Mr. McGaw and Mr. Love have started work at the lime kilns.
Hasper Holub and family, have moved away from Frank to Alabama, U.
S. A., where he owns' a farm. Mr.
lfolub is one of Frank's oldest residents, , having forked in the mine
BZf m years.        '
Mack Stigler is now working at Hillcrest. v ,
CIVIC TAILOR  SHOP
EDMONTON, Dec.' 9.—The latest
municipal ownership wrinkle which the
city is likely to "adopt is a municipal
tailor shop. This course may be followed as the result of unsatisfactory
dealing with local clothiers in securing uniforms for civic employees.
CARPENTERS OPPOSE -
CIVIC FEDERATION
The United Brotherhood' of Carpenters arid Joiners took action upon two
important propositions at the Washington convention just recently .that .are
of general interest     ' "'"  ;:     '. 7
By an overwhelming majority it was
voted that no member of the organization could hold membership in the National Civic Federation, and President
Huber bowed to the'mandate of the
convention* by announcing that he
would withdraw'from the Civic Federation.
The resolution committee recommended that the following proposition
be non-concurred in:
"Resolved, That it should be one of
the objects of our organization to propagate among our members the abolition' of the present wage system and
the' establishment of a co-operative
commonwealth, where the problem of
unemployment,'with all accompanying
misery, will be banished from the human race; and bo it further
"Resolved, that we recommend to
our members the study of social questions at the meetings or their respective local unions."
After a spirited debate the committee was defeated by a rousing vote
and the resolution passed almost unanimously.
Last year almost identically resolutions were adopted by the United
Mine Workers, the largest trade union
on this continent, and, as the United
Brotherhood Is the second largest labor organization in America, the action
taken at Baltimore may, be considered highly, significant a» Indicating
the trend of thought among the militant working people of this country.
The workers are beginning to realize in earnest that the industrial system in which they must struggle te
gain a livelihood for themselves and
families has undergone a complete
revolution during the past generation
—the machinery has invaded every
avenue of wealth production, and is
destroying the skill of the old-time
independent mechanic and making his
employment and living conditions
more insecure; and that his machinery has come under the control of
capitalistic combinations and is being
monopolized for' the purpose of raising the prices of the necessaries of
"'. ■:-: - -5'.
" -- • -','      \ {
"<>S7'l
yy .7.1
■'. «i
♦'♦♦.♦♦ ♦. ♦ ^ ^ ^ ^ $ $ $ $
.♦ . ., ,  OCCHIO!   OCCHIO!  , ,    A
Tutti coloro che intendano di studiare
l'inglese sono caldamente invitati di at-
tendere una riunione nella
MINERS' UNION HALL,
alle ore 7 p.m.
DOMENICA, 15 D'BRE.  1912 ..
Per formare una classe.    Vantaggio di
coloro che vogliano intraprendere 1'englese
Creston Fruit Lands will make
you Independent
(■•' '7        '
$751.00   From % acre Tomatoes. -   '  '
$500.00   From 1 acre Apples.
1   $950.00   From 1 acre Strawberries.
These are a few figures of. what has been aceom- ,
plished in the Creston district.   -
We, have excellent acerage'to sell. No irrigation; markets excellent; no transhipment. Now is
the time to prepare for the future.
Burton City
We have some'acreage in this well-known district
at prices and conditions that an examination will
show are of 'exceptionally good vahie.   ■    '
Estevan, Sask.
A town t&at has but ono resource is a dubious
quantity.    Buy, in Estevan, which has Coai, Clay,
Cement, Stone, Farming Country, Railroad and Industrial Development.   A Few Lots left in the Mile
. Circle..
PORT ALBERNI
1 i V_   ' f. \" ' '<•       'r   '      . f ta       \ j 1 r,'     ,
A few Lots Left      -v       Prices Increasing Rapidly
-_.-%•:<
,<>   \   A
'■ c-'s.)
GRAFTON & BENNETT
Eckstein Building, Fernie,B. €.
nXtjs^foz Several OldEstablished Fire Insurance Cos., (Board)
.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦.,♦♦♦ ^ ^ ^
life or' holding tliem in a stationary
position.    -..-,.   i° ,      c     .
.   This being true, and no sane man
will' undertake. to' dispute the  fact,
labor must adopt new, advanced, and
■radical-methodsitbisave-itself-froni,
being pressed into hopeless slavery.
Hence hundreds of local unions
have declared in favor,.of or are friendly ,to the ccause., of Socialism that
promises hope and final emancipation,
and quite naturally the will of the
rank and file Is' in due time made
manifest, in conventions of the international organizations.' v.
.The carpenters are to be congratulated in taking a firm, bold position
as miners, brewery workers, bakers
and tailors and, other, organizations
have done and as still others will do.
—Cleveland Citizen.
Some
Some of the good things you can get at our store
Turkeys,
Chickens,
Fowls,
Mince Meat,
Chopped Suet,
Jellied Tongue,
Crabs,
Smelts
Oysters
Lnurentia Milk and Croam, in sealed bottles; will
keep perfectly until opened.
Try our "Shamrock" and Cambridge Park sausages,
they are the best on the market.
Use our Mince Meat and save labor.   You cannot
mak fs bftttor nt home.
iii
Our 141b. boxes of Creamery Butter are just the
sizo you need at this time of year, so you can save money
by buying one.
P. Burns & Co., Ltd.
Phone 31
Prompt Delivery
m
for Men
MEN'S FINE SILK NECKTIES—
Special Xmas prico 35, .50, .65, and .75
MEN'S FINE SILK NECKTIES (In individual boxes)— .
Special Xmas price , 60, .65 and .75
MEN'S KNITTED SILK MUFFLERS-
Special Xmas price ........'.; '. .35, ,50, .65, .75, $1 to $3.50
MEN'S FANCY SILK HANDKERCHIEFS-
,      Special Xmas price ,.................,... .35, ,50, ,65, ,76 and $1
MEN'S PRESIDENT SUSPENDERS (in fancy box)-
Special Xmas price  / 75
MEN'S SUSPENDERS AND HOSE SUPPORTERS (in fancy box)-
,   Special Xiubb prico . '.T.'.' ,,' $1,25
MEN' ARM BANDS AND HOSE SUPPORTS (in fancy boxy-
Special Xmas pried ..., 76
MEN'S PUR AND WOOL LINED GLOVES-
Special Xmns prico $1,60, $1,75, $2,00, $2.26, and $8.60
MEN'S FANCY ALL-WOOL SWEATER COATS-
Special Xmas prico $8,60 and $5,00
MEN'S PANOY VESTS-
Spocial Xmas prico , , $2.50
A NICE NEW LINE OF SPECIAL SHIRTS FOR XMAS-
' Spocial Xmas prico _. $1,26
A Full Line of Fine and Heavy Shoes Always in Stock,
_ My store is small, but I prido mysolf on tho largo and well-assorted
stock I carry. It would bo a pleasure to havo you call and lot trio
provo it.   Mono; refunded on nr.y (roods that do not crivr« satisfaction.
James H. Naylor
Men's Fine Furnishings
BELLEVUE
ALTA.
4
\
M^b»>MV4__tv£_.»l_W*ttWg! -t»_
i' up*»_*,*««*.*»»"■* ,7   *■ v."
' ;W*-
■ "',   1     .14--*.*   'tj    *"  Vw'-'-Jj
-,71'
THE DISTRlCT.vLEDGER, FERNIE, ^B.C; DECEMBER 14,1912. ..
PAGE SEVEN
< u
r'M ■
u
P.  F. WHELAN, Manager
Rates, $2.00 and up
j>'
»*>
Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated
'Phone,in every Room -
Sample Rooms
On Main Business Street
.'6/'
AUGUST BEBEL
Meal Tickets,   $7.00
Special Rates by the week arid the mouth and. to theatrical parties.
Try out Special
SundayrDinner
The finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars served by com-
petcrit and obliging wine clerks.,
'.The striking tailors of Birmingham
•   (England) won the strike anii have
. been conceded the 10 per • cent,; in-
BTeiScTl iTTv atgeSTaEaTpSy™for*TJxtralf
' where such have not been" the"practice'.
The lockout of 100 men who had been
employed in {.hops whero   the"  demands    were   conceded    has"'   also'
ended,    •>. -.'•      ''   -"
RURAL ECONOMICS
"I see you'.ve lowered   the    speed
limit  and  hoisted your  fines,", said
August Bebel/ whose.reputation as
leader of the movement, of Social D£
mocracyin Germany J is world-wide,
bris vnd ertaken the important work of
writing the story of hia life, which is
so intimately interwoven with the;Socialist movement in his-own .country.
The first volume has already been pub-
lished and the following, reference1 to
it appears in the' "Daily Citizen," the
daily paper of the'British Labor movement, from.the pen .'of Philip Snowden, m.p. -..,,   ' .   - '   .:   : '
Since the death "of Wdlhelm Liehknecht in 1900, August Bebel has been
the outstanding figure in the German
Social-Democratic Party. At 73 years
of age, though oppressed heavily by
p?>ysical infirmity, he is still the active leader of this great movement,
and the most influential.member of
the Socialist Party in the Reichstag.
More than any other influence, Bebel
is responsible for the maintenance of
the unity of the Social-Democratic
Party in recent years, while acute and
at times bitter controversies have raged between the dogmatic Marxians
and the Revisionists. When the Influence of Bebel is withdrawn from
the German, Social-Democratic movement nothing but a miracle or the German's trained obedience to leadership
end. discipline can avert a disruption
between the divergent and opposing
theories and ideas on policy. If the'
party produces., a leader of the wisdom
and influence of Bebel or Liehknecht
that catastrophe may be. averted, but
one looks in vain among the more
prominent Marxians in the party for
such a man.
A Converted Liberal
This "Life" of Bebel, written liy
himself, is not so much tlie life of an
individual as the history of a movement. ' Bebel has been closely associated with the working class movement in'Germany for more than, half
a century. The men who were associated with the beginnings of the
great party, which now sends 110
-members to the Reichstag and polls
4,250,000 votes, have nearly all passed
away. - L/assallee, Marx, Engels and
even Liehknecht are little more than
names to the present generation of
Socialists. Bebel alone survives of the
men who were active and prominent
in political agitation before the days
"of "The International." Bebel was
elected to - the Reichstag in 1867—
nearly 50 years, ago. His long .political life covers the whole history of
the European political Socialist movement.     Such a man must have much
in the Continental Socialist movement,
Bebel is a working man. His childhood was spent in poverty, and. the
want of a robust constitution he owed
to this and to the physical "weakness
of his parents,1 who both died", young.
By trade he, was .a turner, but one
gathers from his own story.' that for
the. last'fifty years the practice of his
craft has been an occasional and subsidiary occupation. ': Though not having the advantages of a university education, which most'of .his associates
had, he has acquired an education
which entitles him to be-" classed
among the "intellectuals" of the movement. But Bebel's remarkable power
and influence are derived mainly from
his generous endowment of those gifts
on .political sagacity and leadership,
which compel the nadhesion and submission of others. - , .     ••
This volume of his "Life" carries tlie
story up to 1878 only; but the fifteen
years before 'that date were' year*
in which the foundations of .the existing Socialist Party in Germany wero
securely laid, and years- full of' incidents of an absorbing and instructive
nature.    Bebel's conversion to Social-
S^S^^Sk^y'-S-" '■'
|M^,VFy    . '■• .
Ka«; / -   v   -  ...
"Winkietop to.. tbe~ju"dge7after paying
his' fine/    0."   " '. .   ,
i"Ya:as," said the judge, "we found
thet under the'old tariff they wasn't
enough vi-lations o'< the law to make
it wuth-.while.'!—Harper's Weekly.,
that^is'^of "absorbing interest to- tell
about the incidents of his strenuous
life, and the vicissitudes and triumphs
of the movement to which he has devoted his life, y-
Ujilike most of the prominent men
tions, forced me to abandon my, old
position and to cross over to the Socialist camp."
. Slow Development
BebeHirst became associated with a
workman's organization just at the
time that Lassalle was forming his
Labor Union. The organization with
which'Bebel was connected was rather
for'the purpose of "mutual improvement" than for securing industrial reforms. Out of it, however, there grew
an organization which became what
we should call in tais country a working class society for rendering political assistance to Liberal capitalists.
For two or three years Bebel was in
fierce' opposition to Ihe Lassalieans,
who at that time were the only Socialist party in Germany. .Jn 1865 Bebel
met Liehknecht, aud his influence added the" necessary force v;hich carried
Bebel into the Socialist camp. He confesses, however, that" for .some time
'before he bad had his faith in Liberalism undermined by reading the literature of the Socialists, which ho read
in the first Instance In order to got
to know their position. Bebel is not
the only opponent to Soclnllsm who
has been converted to Socialism by tho
study of their literature with an idea
of refuting it.
ThlB .story tells in an interesting
way about tho persecution which Socialists had to endure under the repression laws passed by Bismarck.
Bebel's confinement in a fortress for
three years does not seem from his
own account to have been the severe
punishment whlcli one imagines such
confinement to be. He enjoyed all tho
privileges) ■ apparently, which first-
class prisoners are granted in thia
country. Iu these years of persecution the Socialist movement grew enormously. Bebel was re-elected to the
Reichstag while in the fortress by
great majorities. But the story of
these times cannot be told in a; short
review. To learn how the" German
Socialist movement attained its present powerful position tho inquirer
must read this fascinating story of the
man who has helped "that growth so
greatly.
I      Gloved Hands Pick
l|f Seedless, Tree^Ripened
m       "Sunkist" Oranges
.'<\   >v...l
■'. ' <■■■■• ~s|
■'■7sm
X'yy;^
':T-S;7k
ism was a rather slow development.
Like many men of advanced, ideas,
there is. a strong conservative instinct
in his character. . But he has been
saved from .becoming sterilized by acting upon another principle, which he
explains in these words: "My prin-
ple throughout Jife has been' to abandon any standpoint which I have taken
up in respect to any question so soon
as I recognize it to be untenable, and
without reservation to adhere to the
newly-won conviction, ■ and to' stand
up for it manfully, both in public and
in private.' To go back to the first
instance.of this kind, the attitude of
the Liberal leaders, in"respect of their
general policy, as well as Labor ques-
WHAT OF THE SOCIAL MISFIT?
By Julian Leavitt.
Every year the "United States some
half million men, women and boys
are given a taste of prison life. Most
of these people are not real criminals.,
They are merely, social misfits. Some
never had a chance. Some threw
away the.-chance they had. The
great majority of them have blundered only for the first time. At the
bottom they are human. Surely, they_
deserve' another chance. The theory
of our law gives them ■ that chance.
The practice of our law does not give
them that chance.
Our whole costly prison system is
a failure chiefly because of'the con-
m
This delightful fruit, which comes in the
valuable premium-bringing wrappers,
is all picked, when ripe, with gloves!
Each orange is perfect. Otherwise it would
be rejected and sold as a "second"—not as a
first-quality "Sunkist."
■ "Sunkist" are the prize oranges of best
es in California.
Seedless, Sound and Solid fs$£
Deliriously juicy—no seeds—firm and perfect. Sweet as only
trec'ripened oranges can be.   Yet they cost no more than "
oranges of less quality.  • „ •>,
Insist oa Valuable "Sunkist" Wrappers
You are sure of getting the genuine when you insist on tha
valuable wrapperraarked   Sunkist" which covers every orange.
Thousands of enterprising housewives now furnish their
tl ining tables with"Sunklst"sil vcrware—real Rogers'—by merely
saving the wrappers and sending to us with stamps or money
order to partly pay cost, packing, etc.
"Sunkist" Lemons of Same High Quality
Thin-skinued. extra juicy nnd each comes in a valuable •Sunkist'*
wrapper. Tbey go farther than other lemons and cost no more than
the ordinary.   Recipe booklet tree upon request.
. . Get This Splendid Rogers'Orange Spoon
i;». ■ V       Save 12 "Sunkist" oranjro or lemon wrappers, or trademarks cut from wrappers,
• H*>£! and send thera lo us, with 12c    .. to help pny charges, packing, etc., and we
\S\.«t. will send >'ou ill's BonuinB Rogers' silver orantro spoon. |n remitting, please wind cash
'. *>;y. when the amn«.-(is li-v. th.ui SlL-.j on ...Mounts above JSOe, we prefer postal note, money
"\ .?'<!''• >v    order, express, order or bank draft. • mm
"**■' 14 "Sunkist" Premiums J&
>y
7-1
'.-'.I
tf-tf'-t
«_?•__;*
>>&
tt
' Wh
Send for full description, number of wrappers and amount
of cash necessary to secure each article. X.±T
Table Knife Child's Knife Salad Fork Oranje Spoon J&S
S.wjy.   Tabic Tork Bouillon Spoon      Oyster Fork Fruit Knife    ^W/J
J^tl'4'., Dessert Spoon      Coffee Spooo Child's Fork Teaspoon   /•'«&}>
'v.***,**" Tablespoon Butter Spreader ■*$?'/
^tfytf-p*.. California Fruit Growers Exchange y.y.'fe*"
\'.*2*-i*^    105 Kini St., East, Corner Cl      "~ -3..-J.J
N^IS*!!!. TORONTO, ONT.
• ■"*-"*• ~- (132)
na
i*ri«V.;*56____
tract labor system which exploits the
prisoner for private gain while the
'prisoner's family suffer.
The prisoner is an ideal, laborer
from the standpoint of some manufacturers: he doeB not Btrike; he
does not ask living wages; he is the
ideal human work animal,      »    '    ••
In more than half of our state pri-'
sons today the convicts are leased to
manufacturers   for   from   thirty   to
sixty cents a day per man which includes a factory tax free.
These prices include, besides labor,
heat, light, power machinery, - and
rent, thus making grossly unfair com-
petition to outside employers and to
employes, -   ,. ■
Men enter prisons usually guilty but
not corrupt. The contract lahor system sends them out guilty and corrupt, and sometimes prevents a convict's parole.-
Men who profit by the system aro
sometimes known in their communities for philanthropy and Christianity
while they are responsible for cruelty
and barbarity in prisons.
The leading convict traders are rich
and respectable, even- well connected
socially—but they do not let their
neighbors know of their profitable
convict traffic.
The prison contractors have
smothered publicity tnrough their influence in various prison and charity
associations which are supposed to
nid the unfortunate persons.
If the health and lives of. convicts
([> not interest you what about their
unfair working ""competllioiff? Does"
that interest you?—Pearson's.
See samples of Christmas Greeting
Cards at the Ledger Office.
Pride of Alberta
Mother's Favorite
Best Baking Results
|
Taylor Milling Company, Ltd. '   .^-i.?~ "^w* i'.^r -*\*   ,
•-:.•;•■ y
|f
ly
SAQE EIGHT
»r l-mi-lT
sv IBE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIK  B; ^DECEMBER 14. 1912.
t.
Let this Page Serve You as aX&tiide and jft&ke every Shoeing Minute Count.
Boys*
Suits
■ Ji' you decide to give your boy a
new Suit for Christmas you will
be interested iu our new "stock of
Boys' two-piece and three-piece
Suits, witli plain or bloojner pants.
"We have the new Tweed effects, in
all the latest colorings. These are
very stylish, well-made garments
and our guarantee goes with
every Suit.
Prices range from
3.50 to 12,
Buster Brown Suits
Tweeds^Velvets and Serges, in all
sizes'from 3 to 7 years. Prices
from 2.50 to 8.50
Toyland at the big store has been full of
people since the; opening day. Wise buyers
are making their purchases earlywhile the
stock is large and varied. Every child must
have something. The prices are within the
reach of all, ranging from 5c to $10.
Automatic Toys
Musical Toys
Iron Toys
Guns, Drums
Games & Books
Aninials
Christmas Tree
Ornaments
Ready-to- Wear
Dressed and
nudressed Dolls
Dolls* Carriages
Beds fy Cradles
Rocking Horses
Wheelbarrows
Balls and
Rattles
Shoes
. M e h . appreciate
- Eine Shoes. Our stock
is now complete ' in
all styles in Slater
and', "Just Wright,
Shags.';/
Our range of Gift
Slippers.for men is
the finest we have
ever'shown.   ,  - •    ■
Pine Mocha wool- ■
lined. Fine Calf shin,
wool lined. Vicl Kid
Opera Slippers.
Brown " and black
Pullman.
'Prices: $1.50 to $3.50
Skating Shoes
,      .        _ , .   ._   _^
We stock the celebrated McPherson's Lightning Hitch
We carry these for men, women; boys and girls.
We carry a full line of Felt Shoes and House Slippers
for Women and Children; cozy and warm, nothing nicer
for Christmas giving.
A new shipment oi Tweed" Skirts just arrived.     Don't.fail to see these.   l
The prices are attractive.   From : ; .' $2.50 to $9.50
Ladies' new white "Johnny Coats.'-'   Tn white with pearl button trim-   •
mings; also white with carnation trimmings.     The quality of the1 coat is
worthy of consideration; the fit and. style are perfect, and the prices' are "
tempting.   Prices . .'■. '. .".. ? .'. $18.50 to'$20.00 '
Ladies' Silk Kimonas.   A complete assortment in .plain embroidered and
fancy silk, in red, blue, brown, Copenhagen, green and old rose.' Trimnied'
and plain ..., ' '.  $4.90 to $18.00
-Ladies' Silk Travelling Kimonas, with hood attached;'also Toilet Ac-   ^
cessory Bag complete.    - Useful in the homo as -well as travelling."   'Priced
/fy^er\     at '.
siyyizzi**	
,$17.50
\'.i  ^ :£$$       Ladies' Satin Skirts in black, old rose, cerise, paddy green, electric blue,
g^T^y-    navy, cherry red and brown; made with pleated 18 inch ruffle of heavy satin.
.  Each '..:.'. '. ;   $4.00
Men's Suits
Every man wants to be well-dressed for the holiday. AVe have prepared
for the rusl_.,Suit orders. Our stock is~ complete in1 all lines of up-to-date
Bench Tailored Suits. y   '- /
Imported.-Tweeds and Worsteds in single aud double breasted styles,
from ..........: ; ... :.:.... .$15.00 to $35.00
We will offer Saturday, and up to December 24th, special all wool Tweed
and,,Worsted Suits, every6ne guaranteed to give-perfect satisfaction, at $15.00'
r Men's Overcoats
Men's Overcoats in all the'newest ideas for wear and comfort, made ___
Mie_ng3j_JJarris_Tweeds.JVlelto^^
in
Coats have Velvet"Collars, or the soft Convertible Collars; some have belted
\  backs; som are plain. ■ We .will be sure to have what you want.   Prices range
: $io.o(Tto 35.00
from
Skating Is On
Exerybody is going to Skate this winter; .it's time to get
busy. The ice is in good shape. We have prepared for all your,
needs in this line, with a complete range of Hockey Skates of the
best makes; also Spring and Bob, Skates in all sizes for Men,
Women, Boys and Girls. A pair of Skates make the most appreciated gift of all.   Prices range from 60c. to $3,25 pair
Waitham  Watches
A shipment of high grade Waitham Watches has arrived.
These Watches are positively guaranteed by us. They come in
seven, ten, fifteen and twenty-one jewel movements, with Gold-
filled Cases, every one guaranteed for 20 years. If you want to
make a gift worth while, one that will be a daily reminder of the
giver for 25 years, you can't do better, than give one of these
high grade Watches.
Practical and Seasonable Gifts that are Appreciated by Men
TIE8
Puro Slllt Ties, put up in fancy
boxes, at prlcos from....00o. to $2.00
A groat variety of Silk Tics aro
shown In nil tho nowost shades, mndo
up In flowing ends and French seams,
Prices
,...25c. to 75c.
Knitted Silk Ties ln nil combinations of color.   Special  BOc,
MUFFLERS
Knitted Silk Mufflers with frlngo,
ln /grey, navy, whlto,  maroon and
brown, at .$2.00
Knitted Silk Scarfs lh stripe effects,
with fringe to match .,, ,$2.50 to $3.50
Plain Sillc Mufflers In two-tone of-
foot, groy, blue, brown, green, whlto
and black, In four qualities, $1.50, $2.00
$2.25 and $2.90.
Wool Mufflors  ,60o. to $2,00
HANDKERCHIEF8
Plain Silk ...,,.,,.each 35c. to BOc.
Fancy Bordered, Silk ., .35c, 60c., 05o,
, White Silk with Initials, each,.50c,
Souvenir Handkorchlofe, oach..BOc.
Initlalod Linon..... 35c, 3 for $1,00
Plain Linen Hemstitched, oach.,25c.
" Bxcolda, plain white, 2 for 25o.
Bxcolclo, with fancy border 15 to 2Bo.
Blade Silk Handkerchiefs, all sizes,
from ' 60c, to $1.50
8U8PENDER3
Men's and Boys' Braces, all makes
and colors  .....,, ,,.35o. to $1.00
,   Braces put up ln fancy boxes, from '
25c. to "$1,50.
Brace'Sets, Including Armbands and
Garters, in fancy boxes $1 to $3
Sox and Tie to Match In box 75c. to
$2.00
' Armbands ln fancy boxes, all colors,
each,...,,',,. ..25o. to 76c,
JEWELRY Etc,
Cuff Links, ^6c. to $3.00
Tie Pins 25o. to $10.00 -
Watch Fobs'...,',;'.; .$1.50 to $10.00
Watch. Chains, guaranteed $2.00 to j
$10.00 ', '
Nioklo Watches for boys .....$1.00
Pocket knives of ali descriptions,
ranging In price from ...,25c. to $2.50
Watch Fobs of all kinds. ,
SMOKING JACKETS   AND   GOWN8
The celebrated .Taoger Pure Wool
Smoking Jackets, finished on pocket
and cuffs with revorBO plaid,$10 to
$16.00.
Jaeger Dressing Gowns and Bath'
Robes In all colors, with cord trim and
girdle to match, at ,,, .$15,00 to $22.60
Bath Itobes ln. heavy cotton elder-
down, with cord and girdle, in bluo,
brown and groy, at $5.00 to $6.00
Gifts for Women
Auto and Opera Soarfs—-Now Silk Auto ami Opera Scarfs with fringed
finds, in all tho now delicate shades and color combinations. Tlioy aro mado
iu generous men,    Pri cod from  $1.60 to $6,75
NEOKWEAR
An cxtonsivo showing of tlio most wanted nnd now creations in Indies'
Collars, Jabots, Sido Frills, Collar and Jabots attached, Hows and Tabs, in
whito, cream and color combinations. Tho now Hobospioi'.'o Collar Is very
prominent in the assortment:    Priced attractively from 25c, to $1.00
HAND BAGS
Wo anticipated tho demand for practical Rifts somo months ngo and aro
prepared lo offer you extraordinary values in real leather bags.    Wo call
particular attention to Dags from \ .$6.00 to $10,00
Theso'arc Kcuuino Seal Oont, with ronl leather linings, fitted with coin
purse; in tlio now shapes and long, soft strap handles. Tho frames aro nil reinforced to ensure service. Thcniountings are Him,metal, Bllver and gilt, and
tlio r_.r.i»p nf Htylnq 10 fwnplnto      Prifoo r.iT.i»p fwn. SI \M) tn $19 K0
ftOUDAY UNEJTS
Never before have wo prepared ho extensively for lhc holiday season in
thc linon department. Our lineg arc still complete and is there .anything
moro acceptable or useful than Table. Decorations?
Now Patterns in* Table Linen  ^ .78 to $ 1 75
Muvv i'rtUv.iur. in Tnim. Ivrtpkin..   ,,, , Si, iiu 10 & G.00
Tablo Sots   $7.80 to $18.00
Dresser Scurfs 40 to $ 4,00
Doylies  16 and up
Embroidered, Towels  $1,00 and up
Grocery Specials
■ ■ ..I .1.1  .    ■    ■■, - .—,._,,.■_,„ „     ,1,'," 1, 'Ji,;, ^mT.^m.nm.mi ■■Lm—.-.—'I ,'     ','|
Jonathan Apples por box $2.00
Triwood Brand Prosh Croamory Butter'. v 2 lbs, for   .^78
Ponmit Buttor, bulk  por lb.   .26
Quaker Oats .■ fi lb. pkg.   .26
Coconnut ,., ,,.,, ,por lb,   .25
Utility Milk, 20 oz . ,10 for $1.00
Lownoy's Cocoa  i/2 lb, tin   .20
Fivo Roso Flour !)8'h S3.26
Five Hoso Flour 40's $1.66
Robin Hood Flour 08's $3,28
Kobin Hood Flour 49's $1.88
Kvnporn10.1 Pooches 2 lbs, for   .26
Evaporated Apricots 2 lbs. for   .86
Fresh Finnan Uaddio por lb.   .16
Cimada First Puro Fruit Jam 5 lb. tin   .80
Swift's Crystal Lard 5 lb. pail   .85
Swift's Medium Hams pr»v lh.    M
Wiincoo Pork and Beans, family mo 2 for   .28
IVrfut .Soap regular boo. and 40o por box   .25
IIoiiw Tomato Soup 2 tins for   ,25
Te. ey's Special Blend Package Tea por lb.   .35
Tetley's Special Blond Bulk Tea  3 lbs. for 1.00
T0,)lftt0<'« tt lb. fans. 2 for   .88
^»"o»" lOlbs.for   .25
Now Pack Currants  .2 lbs. for   .25
LEAVE YOUR ORDER WITH UB *OR FRESH
KILLED POULTRY
Hats and
Caps
Now Stotson aud English Hats havo just arrived in now browns, groons,
and slates i in smooth foils and scratohups,' Thoso aro all in tho nowost and
MOM. popular shapes, .This is tho last shipment and will bo priced from $1.60
to $5.00 oaoh,
Moil's Caps in Now Tweeds, silk lined Or toped seams, all shades of
browns, groons, groys 1 also black and brown Beaver. Wo havo boon caroful
to got only tho best shapes, They aro fitted with a fur or wool band
for oar protootion,    Priced nt 36o. to $2,00
Try our North-Wont Caps, all wool, pull down over faco if necessary 1 vory
light in woight and vory warm.    Priced from 50o. to $1.00
Wo always keep a complete range of Black Folt Hats in all the nowost
Store Open Evenings
For the convenience of Christmas Shoppers we will
remain open every evening until JO o'clock fromt
December 14th until Christmas,
Money
Saving
Friccs
TRITES-WOOD COMPANY,
BRANCHES AT FERNIE, MICHEL, NATAL AND COAL CREEK , i,
The
Storeof
Quality
'    \
..i
ill
f
'fj.
x u\
■)s
PAGES 9 TO 16
SECTION" TWO
,-'!:
fJ4
Mi
-.of
,31
^ «f'l
,-■ ~&t
-'A*
y ■ -.. y'-..- yym
- ■■"-'••" ,7:>;:.v7-'.i
.'.»-.
I-' 'J
I I       '    -
I'" ('
_v
nr
7
_ 'V
frt
to
^
to
No. 17, Vol. VI.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C., DECEMBER 14,1912.
SIXTEEN. PAGES ,
\  '
WESTERN
TRADING
CO.,  LTD.
■i>.
COLEMAN,  ALBERTA
yi
-Tl
' '-'-iff
Y
■SB
To
i ^
A large shipment direct from
the!Olid Country has been delayed1.
Must be sold at any price. Come
and see them and you will buy.
.'".■. Hundreds of
ROCKING HORSkS
.:"■ y,   ,.\ RUBBER BALLS
DRESSED DOLLS
i     . DOLLS' FURNITURE
GUNS, y'; y     TOPS
/ GAMES, ALL KINDS
¥J* ^ "^'*a>   A -Beautiful Colored
..*;' * ^y^ . Embossed Calendar
.made-especially~fo_F<-bbys-and~girls-
To those children visiting the store
with their parents it
will, .be given away
_•'-.-—.*...■„•<*,..-^   ..7.7    '..^'<«i. ,'
, •. ■ <      -   -      .-'.'''•    '• -*
;       , A few more
Ladies
1            .i
'.
Trimmed
Hats
5.00 values
1.95
5. to 10. values
3.95
■   f
Souvenir   Handkerchiefs
Hand  Worked
Thousands of Novelties exclusive to
this store for men, women, children.
Christmas and Pay Day
Grocery
FOR   CASH   ONLY
New:Figs, large flesliy, lb.
New Nuts, (mixed) lb.
Large juicy Oranges, doz.,
i^urcfetrs^P^riT^n^
Grapes, 3 lb.
Jap Oranges, per. box
.20     Apples, Kelowna prize,
.20 '! •   - o    per box,. 1.80 a 2.00
.45 ..! ,49113 finest pastry Floiir - ,1.45
~ffl- (JFKT^^EoiirMour 7 ~3.50
.50 , 49 Ib Five Roses Flour 1.75
.70 ■:,'.   For Mince Pies and Cakes
A r£al Japan Teacup
and Saucer will be given
free with one 12-oz. tin of
Dyson's Red Cross Baking Powder, 20c.
This offer good until Xmas only.
/ ■
ON THE1 FOURTEENTH
and for the following, eight days
Rings      Bangles      Chains  Pins-,
* Manicure Sets      Hair Brushes "'
Ingersoll Watches, an ideal present
for a boy   .   .   .   $1.00
u
The Store tliat is Owned by the People"
Den
Belinski Versus
C. N. P. Coal Co.
i*   i —--—————————
"' VERBATIM ACCOUNT OF  STATED CASE
As staled ln our last issuo tho following Is tlio arr.umont In abovo caso.
Mr, Macdonaid: Notico of motion
lina tipon filed asking that tho stated
caso .(led bo amended,
Affldnvitt of Mr. Macnoil in support
rond.
Tlio Court: You may mart with tbo
Idea Unit I will not nltor tho aUUed
caso, ■'
Mr, Mnudonald: You cim rotor lt
hudt for iimondmont, Apparently In
tho findings tho Arbitrator only finds
on ono point, but In malting up tlio
Btulod chho, which wo Bay was mado
up by tlio respoudonlH, lio submits
certain facts which ho had not found
boforo nnd thon nnks for an opinion.
Tlio Court: Tho two nro tho onmc'
oxcopt tlmt ho goon on to glvo his ron*
noun,    Whoro is tho Inconsistency?
Mr, Macdonaid: At tho la.tor pnrt
of IiIh first finding, as I cull it ("ron-
orvo etiso on thnt point If desired"
and "tlio respondents nony tholr 11 a-
ulllty . . . ,)eoimio of IiIb employ-
mont— ,■
Tho Court: What ho hold Ib, if It it j
a clour caso of dlsobodlonco nf orders I
•thon It may bo in tho courso of his om-
pluywuni, Inn it doon not urlsa out of
liis cmploymont. The enses show
theso aro two very different
. things, I do not think tlioro Is any
reason why I should' sond lt hack.
He says: "Question was nil soil no to
whethor ho understood wlmt ho wm
told ( . . I thnroforo think , . ", noting wrongly."
Mr. Macdonaid: Thon on tho othor
point whon ho comes to making a dinted caso hu flilds the Injury wuh altri-
butnblo sololy lo tho serious and wilful
misconduct—
Tlio Court: Isn't that a puro quos-
tlon of fact; how can It be referred to
n» a mat tor of law?
I supposo thoro Is a legal question
whothor tho dlsobodlonco of ordors Is
ftortmiN nnd wilful misconduct; It Is
not no in ovory case,
Mr. Macdonaid: It comos to a
quostlon, whothor, taking tho facts, tho
legal result follows from thoso facts,
ovon If 'It Is admittod thnt thoy woro
ns wo havo thorn horo,
Th© Court: I cannot go behind tlio
learned judge's findings of fact, ,
Mr. Macdonaid; Thon Is lho applicant, or it might he tho respondent,
to bo bound bocnuso nn arbitrator finding so and ho, thon appllos tho lnw to
thoso findings-—
Tlio court: Tho ovldonco horo Is
that a man ln disobedience of tin express ordor startH n enr and horso In
nn opposite direction, oto, Now, ou
thnt I cannoj, say that tho loarnotl
judgo Is wrong In saying thnt is sor-
lout) and wilful rniuconduct. If tlio
niiinnor In which ho dlHohoyod ordors
mm trifling, thon on tho (tutlioritloi, lt
would not bo sorloiiB nnd wilful mlr,:
conduct.
Mr. Mnodonnld: Ho mast bo engaged lu somo tiling that is of a sorlous
ii ji turo,
Tlm Court: Kllher to hlmsolf nr
othnrs—others who might ho comlnj,'
Along tho track, in this ense.
Mi. Ma.uouMiu. You ii..»u lu coii-
MiVt the Tnrtn In drtormlnliijf wht'lhtr
tlio legal poncluslonu nro jtroperly
drawn.
Mr, Hod woll: My position Is thnt
tlio nnestton whothor or not It Is sorl-
vr; !'.■ " /;v:-i!.:: c! Ly. L\: .:.c L.Ul
judgo.
Tho Court: I think that Is right I
orinnot havo in my mind, as tho loam-
o«l judgo had, n plcturo of tho scons
nnd lho ovont..
Mr. Macdonnld: Thon will yonr
Lordship allow mo to go behind the
stated enso and tho findings on which
It Is based and go Into tho evidence?
The Court: I do hot think I cnn.
Yon pant mo (o Jay that tho learned
.Judgo found tho facts Incorrectly.
Mr. Macdonaid: No; but he makes
that part of his caso—that boing ao
haven't you a right to look at tho
whole rocord—whothor ho' drow tho
proper legal deductions from that evidence? i.
- "The Court: I do not think lt is a
quosllon of legal deductions, I think
lt is Inference of fact, . Suppose I
wont Into,the ovldonco, what finding
of fnct would you controvert?
Mr. Macdonaid: I would not controvert the findings of fact, but tho conclusion on tho findings of fact, from
which this deduction Is tnkon.
Tho Court: You moan as to knowlodgo?    '
Mr. Macdonaid: In tho circumstances; as to whothor ho undorstood Uio
ordor-—
Tho Court: IIo states that ho undoubtedly, understood ono particular
mnttor, and ho thinks lio must, havo
undorstood the otlior—tlint Is un hi-
foronco of fact, If you got past that,
thou tho noxt uueBtion, whothor lt wns
sorlous, you hnvo tho wholo environ-
mont to tako Into consideration.
Mr. Macdonnld: I contend that,
whether tho matt or Is sorlous or not
is n question of law founded on tho
caso.
Tho Court: No; a question of 'fact,
Whothor a certain' stato of facts can
bo considered a serious nnd wilful nog-
loot is a question of law, hut AYhothor
from a certain stnto of facts' tho In-
fer.ui co to bo dritwu Is serious nnd wilful misconduct Is a question ot fuel.
([Ovldonco ns to whnt deceased did
with tho enr nnd horso reforrod to.)
Tlio Court: On .tho quostlon of lilu
knowledge that lie was forbidden to
touch tho horso tho Ionrnod judgo snys
Uiu u».i.._.,_.u it> it iiiuv.ooui.uul, but
from Iht'.'C' olhw !ui-lti 1 fJ.J }__; \\ld
understand he was not to touoh tlio
horso; that Is nil that amounts to.
Mr. Macdonnld: Well, although f
submit ho wns wrong, I npprorlato thnt
fO'_»'  *4-j•.(*.'__•!* V<i„.k^v K4t_l4UU   UlA\.,   .iill
assuming ho undorstood that ho was to
put tho rock In a cortaln direction and
In the abnenco of his follow-workinon
ho put It In another direction, docs ho
como within tho statute that tlie accident waa solely attrlhntfthln fn hi*
sorlous and wilful misconduct?
Tlio Court:    All Mm ||j.ht th* clntod
(•nad throws on that position is tliut )m
of tho risks ho was supposed to run—
In,fact, ho had been told not to do it;
It ls In the courso of his employment,
perhaps, but It cannot bo said to arise
out of his employment.
Mr, Macdonaid: It seems to mo
that becauso thoro wis an orror of
judgment on tho part of tho ■■workman—-
Tho Court: There is no doubt that
upon tho authorities cortnln bronchos
of orders do put a man in tho category
whoro ho haB mot with an aocldont
whloh doos not arise out of his employment.
Mr, Macdonnld: Allow mo to disagree It has boon hold that whero
miners nre drifting on coal sonm nnd
como lo point whoro I hero Is gas; aro
told to withdraw; go up above und
l»oro down to lot gnu escape „ Ono
of thc workmen nsks If ho cnn go down
lu and boo how It is getting along, nud
lie Is told not lo, nnd In faco of that ho
goes in nml Is killed, still ho Is ontltlod
to collect.     (Ilnrvoy v. Prlnglo.)
Tho Court: Tlioro is n good dual
of flno hitlr-Hpllttlng " In thoso amen,
■Howovor, If I nm clearly ngalnst you
on tho rirsl point, lliowi Is no uso dls-
ciiHuliig the second. How cnn I say
thnt the U'liint'd judge mlsdln-rted
himself In HtniIng tliat under tho clr-
.'iiniKti'iicfls here If this man dli»oboy«'d
orders It wnR serious nnd wilful ml«-
conduct.
Mr. llodwell: You have the further
ovldonco of the foreman—Im thought
ho wns not, fit to linndlo rt horiie.
Tlidl Court: I rond tho arbitrator's
iiiiuiuk ns ooing ma. was iho reudon
I.'.*.    ;.,.!.i    ll.k.'j   laid   tiOt,   iO   (Um il    lit',
horse—ho did not know how to handle
him.
Mr, Macdonnld:' On the quosllon of
sorloiiB   and    wilful misconduct the
<a,i\.iUH   in   f,\nntiil\n\. mui.litt   Id   let-
Knglish statute except that wo havo
"solely attributable" Now, wn havo
not oKcopt In ono case any remark ns
,to the strength or weakness of those
words—
The Court. The nrftrlnif KncIMi
net did not contain tho words "or sorl-
nun n^ftlnot,"
, (Mr, Macdonaid refers to .Ji>hiiM.»
and Marshall—"Utl" case.)
The Court: "Bertotis" thore Is evidently dwelling on the effect ot tho
ml*w»idiKt; ih^ro was an .... ■ahV..
In ,tatf}f vent hnrmlwr.
Mr. Macdonaid:   I submit ia this
other cause except, sorlous and wilful
misconduct—
Tho Court: Not only put lt in this
other place, but do so in disohedlonco
to ordors. ■ .    \    '
Mr! Macdonaid: That was on the
assumption that. Cahoot would stay
there and assist; he took tho mentis at
hnnd to go on with Vivs work, I submit that It neithor comes within serious misconduct, nor wns it wilful.
Tlio Court: As I road tho case, the
nrbltrntor has to tnko all tho environment. Into account and docldo whothor
tho mini's disobedience wns n thing
likely to result in othor workmen or
hltn self bolng hurl, As to whether
It In wilful or not tho authority 1»
lioorgo v. Olnsgow. "Wilful" lins boen
held to ho something thnt must bo
brought home to the "bosom nnd busl-
ikins of the mini Miifiugod in it," not
homclh'ng thnt lins nrlsnn Incldoutnlly
That polnl wns vory ehil.orn.oly dis-
ciisHod by KoigiiKon whon he wns a
barrlHlor In tho en so of v Travellers'
Insurance Co, I-'orgitHOii argued "you
must nrguo Hint ho saw the diuigor,
appreciated tho dnnger, and noverthe-
Iohs docldod to run tlio risk," II Is
a question with llio mnn: did ho re-
member that lm had been told not to,
nml docldo thnt ho would?
Mr. nodwoll: Theio nm be no '.ut;*.-
tlon about thnt on Cahoot's evldcnn..
The Court: I think tho lonrned
Judge has not referred lo mo a question of lnw at all prncUenlly, on tliut
brimeli of II,; ho iiHkn mo If lie drew
a right Inferonco of fnct.     You can
Tho Court; The judgo has found
that to bo a fact, ,
Mr. Macdonaid, Tho question is
whether, Inking the record ub a whole,
tho arbitrator drow tho proper legal
deductions from thoso fnctB, and that
opens up tho question whether on a
caso reserved your Lordship has a
right lo consider whether ho came to
a proper conclusion as to tho seriousness and ns to tho wilfulness, Whether that Is a puro question of lnw, or a
mixed quostlon ,of lnw nnd fnct, Is for
your Ijordship to docldo. It ls Important—
Thn Court: I do not flatter myself'
that I am going to lay down any now
principles.
Mr. Macdonnld: It is difficult to
deal with hoemiso wo linvo not got the
aid of tho English cases, liocause our
Act is not quite the snmo.
Tho Court: Weill, no other reason
for this happening Ik Hiiggeslod, except lho disobedience of orders—It
was tlio man's own net,
Mr. Mardoiinld:    Wo do not know,
tho mini being dead; it might bo sololy nttrlbutnblo to thn condition of lho "'■'''"
car,  the  nets  of   tho   horse,   nmny
l ill II HH.
j    Tho  Court:    You  do  not   put   the
i horse In the category of un Intervening
third volition.
Mr. Miicdmiiild:    The evidence .loon
.not hIiow It was solely uilrlbiitabio to
I this niiui'n misconduct.
I    The Court:    liy  n process of ox-
'. hnustlon I think it does,
Wages of Women
Willi  Ilie fuel   tleif  tif lio'-iri
u.il>
t, ,   •
.._>(.
It,
.(.(Hun iruin no nriii.r.itors unit-, nf ,<t|lu,i,0,j|,>nt   conduct,  ami   tn   llio'
il* ;<,}* i,lj < i,.: u A,,,nnin'. ,.0„rHO 0f nmt  untoward thlnns Imp-!
to
Tho wnges of women In Industry are
almost scandalously low.    According
to the "Report on Women and Child
Wage Earners In the United States,"
gotten out by the department of commorco and labor, investigations woro
mado of wages paid to women in department nnd othor retail Btoros ln
lloston, Chicago, Minneapolis, St. Paul,
Now York, Philadelphia nnd St, Louis.
Tho living conditions of 108,010 women wore Investigated.    Those living
nt homo averaged 22,5 years of age,
whllo those not living at homo nvcrog-
od _!(.._., years of ago,     Tho, average
weekly  earnings  of those  living at
home woro $0.08, thoso not living at
home, $7.S9.     Those living ut home
paid  (ui  average  weekly amount of
yi.CI for fond, shelter, bent, light and
laundry.   'In addition to thlH, In tho
latter group, nbout 21.1 por cent contributed to needy relntlxcu,
Those working In factories, mills
and'miscellaneous establishments wore
worse off, The total number
'of this class Investlgali'd in the snmo
; cities wiih 2!i|,!.(it5, The average ago
.ni ilioho living ai homo was 21.1;
ItlioHo not living nt home, 27.7.     The
'il'iiril.i'   ',.11-i.l)   iMHliligr, Of tllObO liv-
'In;, al home 'Acre ftl.lu; those not
i living at homo, $(!."«, Tlim'o living nt
; homo paid weekly to their fnmlllost
jf.Vlfi, while those not ll.hiu at homo
' spent f.'l.fM per week for food, shelter,
If you sturt, |„.„ti ||(!i)t „,„! ]fl,lndry,   Of the latter
■I-
... J   .O.I   i't-1   IV II. iUdil lutmu
nV.w        1.i>'!i   _u   I..'i. _■:
If (here    h    uuy fvliMi.-.., H« ,,„„.,,, (,  WI1H H„u,|y nltrlbiitnblo
.Toll ni til
ARTIFICIAL ANTHRACITE
took the horso nnd car tip this Incline,
and the Judgo's Idea was that In tlia
situation thero that was mtIous misconduct, endangering Ms own life end
tho life of other* who n.f<rbf hi* down
along that (rack. It was not In (ho
course of his employment; not onolcaso they linvo not included »•%orjl'
wolirht is entirely for htm to •KtMc.    ; ,,,„ ,|lHla| ,11|Ht.oniIllc,.   | um no, K0.,
Mr, Macdonnld:   on tho quostlon of. ing to iny down any proposition of j
"wilful" I desire lo lvpeal, it Is not', |i,w. | think von wll1! find tliem  .did ' 	
miiiiiI in Um oninuiry seiiso. » )« wil-.i/own In tho niseh, I can tell jou ; According to llio I'oiuiiar .Mechanics
ful In the sonBo thnt It Is brought i 'vlwit I undorainud to bo tho lnw. My' MagnrliH'. wlmt grologlsts say nature
home to him nt tlio time ho ls doing It ■ own Idon Is that the lonrned nibltra-! t°°k millions of yearn to produce, a
— Ihnt'tit tho time he knows ho 1«' lor'haa not sent mo up n question of Cermnn scientist has accomplished In
doing something which mny bring, lnw, hut !f it Is n question of law my ;ll0,lrB '" lll!* laboratory. He has mado
nbout a serious result, and knowing' pnaw_ would he that I ennnot gay • hard coal from pent nnd even from eel-
flnf If h rontrnry to op!'li" '„,- A;e< v.ioi.t.,    ruimld.-iliv It u i< ,mI ,
'fho Court:   "Wilful'' hns no refer-1 cotKlns'on I cannot say thnt tho lor1.*!
won Union In wrdiii? on thl* Mutemcut ■
or his.     I nm very I'oibtful whether j
thf question* sutunltted ar,. queatlo ■*
^Idernhly ennler on tho npplhanf than,of law, but If they ir.1 quenllous of!mnvortul Into conl In (U hours; and
thru.     It must be something thnt la law I nm not, prepared Ho say that thejnl W dngr<e.i In eight hours.
'ironcht home .so dose)) t.,.it U> lum,'.  acMtrutor dn-w the »ri: ; coiu I ■_.((.!. i  ' ■	
hr> jrt,r^.f to know at the _.'.u_ thai he \ '.i, U* iun« lh« t..cu !»•♦ «ii»t*.d hy hirr i    Hnr»r-«tf«i :ifMJ1atr1 tvlth the Drlllih
i« tioitig iomothlnK wrong and ogalnat j In his finding*. |««n«>r«l IVderallon of Trade Unions
tin-orders he has got. (Tlio rase was rllsmlssoif.l 1 hav*. nlni- hundred thousand member*.
< ri"" »o ";;crJou,i"; ,i uuu i.i.., dl.iuU,
onlcii. Inadverteiitl.-—
Mr. Mardonald:   I submit \t Is con-
\.!v;.vj,   ..'lihh   lh  the  v\lU-(   pari   ul   tlm
! solid frftmowork of planus, hy bent lng
i\\ in n si«-*i,illy vonstrtit-ti'd apparatus
j tinder groat pressure. At a tempera,
turo of .,.tr> ito«rM-s P., crdlulom.  was
'HI
■Tl
' t\
'' ,t|
i»si*r. *<"HtiMm#<*tm —mmimm
mm
,   "V,. *>7 v., s yy "Cii =»  . -* '-■«■* *-*.-!'■■'•-■■ n»
^^M*«>;VU_)I^^_I^>««A^
* ^I*7v7^
PAGE TEN
THE DISTRICT I$DGE£_, FERNIEf B.C., DECEMBER 14, 1912.
,v '•      -*>  '    •
Canadian Pacific Railway
ANNUAL      EASTERN       EXCURSIONS',
FERNIE to TORONTO and Return .'....$67.15
FERNIE to ^MONTREAL and -Return ?•:.... .$72.15
Corresponding low rates to points in Ontario, Quebec and Maritime
Provinces
Tickets on Sale December 1st to 31st, inclusive, „Good to return
within three months.   LIBERAL EXTENSION PRIVILEGES.
Tickets issued "in connection with Trans-Atlantic trips on sale Nov.
7th to Dec. 31st inclusive, and limited to five,months from date of
issue, with privileges.of ex.ension.
TICKETS VIA ALL TRANS-ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP LINES
For full information, rail and steamship tickets, apply to
.    R. READING, Agent, Pernio, B.C.;  or write to R. G. McNELLIE,
District'Passenger Agent, Calgary, Alta.
Accidents from Falls
of Roof and Cbal
. , >By George S. Rice
(Miners' circular-,-issued by"the IT.
S. Department of the Interior Bureau
of Mines.) , .
T
C..HT.U. l\lIL> l'l' .,.., $ 3,000,000
Itj'.fiOHVl; AND'UNDIVIDED PUOKITS'       3,500,000
Totai, Askki'-s over 45,000,000
Just as a successtui merchant makes every
effort to give his customers courteous, efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank
of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
every servise consistent with 'conservative
banking practice.
No deposit is too small to,assure the depositor considerate treatment—the savings
accounts of those in moderate circumstances
t^*-s^^^--^^ll are welcomed with courtesy, and with a"u.
^^^^^_SaT^ sence of undue formality which makes bank-
Head Of (ice
HAMILTON
ing a convenience and a pleasure.
F. B. Roberts. Agent
BELLEVUE    HOTEL
Bellevue Alta.
Commercial House
Best accommodation in the Pass
Up-to-date — Every, convenience
_r -. i
Excellent cuisine'
Suitable for Ladies ,& Gentlemen
H, B. Hineline
Proprietor
mm
11
4m
PANTORIUM   TAILORS
Next to Fernie Hotel -
SUITS    TO    MEASURE^
from $15.00 to $50.00
GENTS AND LADIES'CLOTHES
Cleaned
Repaired
and
Pressed
Great' mine explosions shock the
public, but in 1911 falls' of roof and of
coal in the coal mines of this country
killed over, three 'links as many miners as were killed by explosions, and
as many as were killed by all other
accidents underground. Very few re-
(over from the injuries, they receive
in an explosion; usually it is a matter of "either life or death. . On the
other hand, each year thousands of
cool miners are caught by falls of
roof and coal, and hundreds are killed'or are crippled for life. The, table
following gives the number killed
from this cause during the past five
years. The figures for 1907, 100S,
and ISO!) were published by the United States Geological Survey.
Falls of Roof and Coal in Rooms and
Working Places .   ■.._-_ -
The above table shows that in Pennsylvania in. 1910,'84 per cent," or about
five-sixths of the deaths from falls of
roof, "slate," and coal, happened'atthe
face and in pillar workings. Sixty--'
four per cent, or about two-thirds of
the whole,-', happened at the face- of,
rooms or chambers, and 20 per cent, or
one-fifth, happened in pillar workings.
However, it would not be proper to reason from the smaller, number, killed
that, there is less danger • in ' pulling
or drawing pillars, as that, plainly is
most dangerous work. The chief'rea-
son for' the smaller number o£ men
killed in pillar drawing is tlie smaller
number employed, because a great
many mines do not draw pillars; moreover, drawing pillars is work- that is
given, or should be given, to the most
expert miners, and they are less likely
to be caught hy, falls, if they use'their
judgment.
Number Killed in Coal Mines of the
employed
Year
United   States,  and
1907 to 1911.
ratios   pet  1,000
1907
1908
1909
1910
19li
It is easy to see why the public believes that explosions are the greatest
danger in coal mining; a large number
of lives is snuffed out fn a few moments; there are pathetic scenes; res.
cue parties are in danger from afterdamp or a second explosion.
On the other hand, falls of roof or
coal seldom kill or injure more than
one or two men at a time, and such
accidents, occurring at widely scattered mines, are not reported except by
the local newspapers and by the State
inspectors. Nevertheless the'.totals
are appalling. Each working day, an
average of five .men Jose their lives
and a dozen men are- injured' from
falls of roof or coal in the pork of sup-
-plying!-!thel-nation—with—fuel.-___»—_
Can these "accidents from falls be
prevented? Probably not wholly, on
account  of- the" natural   dangers  of
'sound" of the roof .may,; often be deceptive if the loosened- pieceMs large.'
If'.the roof is too high' to" reach; with
the hand, a stick should be held against -the... doubtful,, piece,'1 and If the
■piece is loose you will feel the vibration through the stick. '   This is,the
approved and adopted "method of certain large mining companies who have
found from  experience that' the old'
method "of "sounding" the roof is unreliable., ' "       .
' If your tool box oi the place where:
you store your tools is within your
room  you   should  keep   the   testing
sticks or bars there; take them with
you-at the beginning of .the shift and
put them br^ck there when you go out.
•  If your tool box or-the place where
you keep your tools is outside your
room, take a pick or bar with you for
testing and pulling down loose pieces
of roof as you go toward the working
face.    All-the untimbered roof in the
space'through which you work., during the day should be .carefullyotest-
ed before yoii  do anything else.   If
a loose or.threatening piece is found
it should Se pulled .dowii,' or a prop
or props set under Jt, or, when necessary, bars, straps, or' collars should
be used.     This should be done before
any other work-is started.
At intervals in the day, or whenever
you change, your working point in the
room, entry, or-heading, the roof
should be examined and tested. If
you are running a machine, you should
see that the roof is carefully tested
before each cut Is made.-and Is tested
again after the .cut. y
, Do not take the risk of finishing a
cut or loading a car before, putting
up a prop; a moment's delay may cost
your life- .
If you.,have difficulty in getting"
timber promptly, you have a just
cause-for complaint to the mine foreman! No responsible operator will
support a foreman or superintendent
j ,jn refusing to give you'timber enough
In comparing reports of accidents, it! and to give it promptly. . It is not
is very difficult to tell from the figures J to the operator's interest ■ to do so,
gathered in different tSat.es or even in ! and moreover, he would not be obey-
| Killed by falls of
|   Killed by all -'
roof and coal.
causes
IRatio per
'   IRatio per
Number.ll.qoo'em-
N7L'inber.|l,00O em-
'
ployed.
x_ ployed.
,        \    i
1122
1.71
3197  ■
'  4.88
1080
1.61
■ 2449
3.64
1191   •
1.79
2668
'  4.00    '
1310
1.81
2840
' 3.92
1321 .
'
•   T.81
  _
2719
...
3.73
different paj-ts of the same State whether an accident has been caused by a
fall of roof or by a fall of coal. "Slate"
In some districts means^'draw slate,"
ing the law of the state. Even in
those States where the wording of the
law is not explicit in mis respect, no
court will support his refusal.     That,
as in the Pittsburgh district, but in  however, does not help you at the
other districts it, may be considered I time; the blame for working when tim-
"roof." "Where the coal bed is. thiol,
and a layer of .coal is left up as roof,
a fell of the roof coal should be con.
sldered'as a "fall of roof."
Prevention of Accidents from Falls of
Roof or .Slate.
ber is not provided rests.,on you.
Timbering a Working Place
,  Frequently a miner says to himself,
"I will load another car before timbering."     Again, he will say, "I will
set a temporary post*—that is, a post
"ft is' the beliefofthe writer, and   wlthout> caP Piece «"^notin a 'Pro'
i nor  r_r_ol + 1/Mr_ C__"_*-n__-_+ir_'___-___i    +■_-__-_    «   mln
of many, mining engineers, that most
per position.     Sometimes, too, a min.
falls of roof, coal, and "slate" are not \ er S?S' "fleitop ls &ood; * hav« *een
■necessary?——The—prlncipal-
_ <•_____. miner for twenty years arid know
taUBCO"Ui-"  "'  —!	
accidents from falls are the following:
I when to set a post," giving the fore-
,    „ .,       L   ,     ..     „. [man-or boss - to' understand that, in-
or timber " "° * ^^ I stl'uctions are not ne«de(L        ' . ■'    "
minine but in a lar^e-Dart thev can'    o" nS    i   '\   l   ^ ' « ,„     _ ! ■ It is impossible its a brief circular
mining. a,iarBL part Uey can      2    Go      b   k to the faC€ wlthout/of ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^
testing the roof after shot firing.        ,| ,,f tiering that should he followed
3    Undermining, the inner edge oCiundep <,ach,of the varl6us condlllon8
a block that seems'to be safe but ac- of coal mlni     in'{his        j        G
tually Is loose,
Vmmt8i&^<&W-m&t&&m&ftof&*B&f&&G&y&fm9Q»i
Head Off That Cold
Do not lot a cold ran mvuy with you,. Assert your
rights hy fighting a cold with tho proper weapon.
The best way to hcadofl: it cold und overcome it '"
is by taking
Laxative Bromide ' Quinine Tablets
The handy and convenient form iii which thoso
tablets nre made render them pleasant to tako and
effective in results. Fifty choeolatc-coatcd tab-
lots in each box. "Will break up a cold in less than
2-1 hours. 25c. por Box.
A. W. BLEASDELL
DRUGGIST AND STATIONER FERNIE, B.0.
WHY
woro tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awardod to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC?
Bocausothoy aro THE BEST ON THE MAR-
*      KET, that's why.
Buy thorn all tho tlmo at
THE 41   MARKET   CO.
8AM ORAHAM, Mant0«r
PHONE 41
S
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
Lumber for aii
Purposes
*•»*«_-__*,...?. •
, JL.
'" *    "*> X    '"wLsfc^y-'lv        QUftnlty.     You cannot «watm>
um with a \.uvM order, or *Wi_
ui «o small a one that wo will
DOt lllWU-ll to li.
THERE ARE OOAR08, BEAMS
JOISTS, SHINGLES, Etc
for any kind of building you
may bo nt work upon. Havo
na Mnd you what yon want
when yon want H.
orrict _»*«. varo, MarMcuao* av*« off, a tt, depot, nitwit
1)6. -Even if only  one-half of theso
deaths and injuries were prevented,'
J then, on the basis of the figures for
j 11.31. C50 lives would have been sav-
edand perhaps 1.900 serious injuries
would have been avoided during that
one  year.      Even,  then   our  record
would'have been worsovthan that of
many other mining countries.
Falls of Roofs In Roadways, Headings
or Passageways
Accidents from falls of roof aro less
frequent' on roadways, headings, or
passageways than at tho working face,
because tho voof is constantly Inspected iby foremen and other bosses.
If loose ploceB aro noticed they are
taken down or aro supported by timbers, Only whon derailed cars
knock out timbers no that tho roof
comes down can Injuries from roof
falls bo considered at all excusable,
unci Hot always tlion,
Tlio burden of preventing falls in
entries and passageways rests •upon
tho foromon and tho ifiupoctorfl, for
theso travel tho entries most often.
Hut whenever a miner or anyone passing along tho roadway discovers a
loose of dangerous placo lt should bo
his duty to mark tlio placo and report it to tho nearest foreman, If
possible ho should not pass undor tho
•placo, but should go around anothor
way to roach tho man In clmrgo.
FlguroB Hhowlng tho mini bor of accldonts from falls of roof In ontrloH.
roadways, or passageways. aB compared with similar accidents at tho working placos havo not boon gathorod for
tlio wholo country, but tho department,
of mines of Pennsylvania hns compiled
unci, figures for Its own ftlnto and has
brought out somo valuable facts. Pennsylvania producos nourly ono-liulf of
nil tlio cou! mlnod In this country, bo
tliat tho Pennaylvanla ratio botweon
accldonts from fullm of roof In roadways and similar ncoldontu In working
placos may bo rogardod nn about tho
snmo n» tho ratio for the United Stales, Tho Pennsylvania figures Indicate that In tlio coal mines of this
country probably only about ono-Uinth
of tlio accidents from roof falls happen
In ontrlOR or Rangwoys. Thin nnd
other vnlimblo data arc shown In tho
follow ing tablo, prupuuci trom Uio re.
port of tho Stato department of mines
at Harris!, .irs, V*>'
Fatal Accidents from Falls of Coal,
"Slate," and Roof In Pennaylvanla In
1010, arranged by locality  In  mine
where AccliUnts occurred-
Anthraclto mines:
Killed at face, 17.1; per cent G8..1S,
Killed ln pillar working, rtl; por cent.
12.2.1.  Killed In rooniR, orong'Cuti and
j nmmliori, M; por ci-ni, «.i.u\i.     Killed
\\n *mtrlMi, Rnnnwaya sml #lopp*. 2«;
per r<»nt. io**.   Total number lilllrrt,
12113.
j IUtumlnou* mlnnr.
j Klllwl at face, 1R7: i*r cent, AMI.
{Killed in pillar workings, 82; per cent,
j 2*U0. Kilted in rooma, rroM-tutu and
<•hi.mlM.rii, *s p»r c*nt, \*>n. K..}_.<| In
ontrlM, Kangwaya and alopea, 31; per
4/ The sudden loosening of a coii-
cenied "pot," "kettle bottom," "boll,"
or a fossil stump.
The first two causes, which result
iiu the largest nnrher of accidents,
are generally avoidable; tho second
two may generally be avoided by setting tho props or timbers close enough-together, but some accidents
from theBe two causes may be considered unavoidable.
A word to the Miner.
Now, how can you, the miner.escnpe
harm from a fall of roof ln your working place?    Tho answor Is:
Be Careful.
Two partlos aro Interested—tho operator and yourself. In this case, at
loast, tho IntorostB of, tho operator
and your .own aro allkoyfallu should
bo prevented, If an accident hap-
poiiH, the operator suffers a monoy
loss, but you may bo mado a crlpplo
for llfo. a burden on your family or
tho community; or you mny bo killed
and loavo a dopondont family. Honco,
,lt is necessary that you, aB tlio ono
most vitally concornod, must tako tho
most oxtromo caro to provont Umbo accidents. Remember, It Ib the unexpected that often happens. On tho
othor hand, tho oporntor, or tho foreman or boss who represents him, must
do his part—that la, furnish tho Um.
bor.
Tho laws of nearly nil tho coal mln-
lng BtatOB roqulro tho oporator to furnish tho nocoBsary props or tlmbor at
or noar tho working placo. Bomo-
times, tlu'ougji dolnyB In tho haulage,
or moro rnroly through tho enroled..-
ness of a foreman or boss drlvor, tlto
tlmbor In not rocolvod nt tho tlmo you
neod It, If tho timber doos not arrive
you should not tako a uront risk In going without It and work under nn un-
«nfo roof. Important as your dally
oarnlng Ih to you, tho doluy of one or
two hours, or oven a wholo Bhlft, Is as
nothing compared with bofnff klllod,
or becomft crippled for llfo, by !u.v«
lng a roof fall on you.    nomombor
you, nnd wnll for ww*.
Ocnnslonally a minor thougMtosnIy
orally certain methods of timbering
; (not always tho' best methods)  are
I used in each district.    In some cases
• the Stato Inspectors have made 'certain rules for placing timbers in advancing roofs   and   drawing   pillars.
Where such rules have been made, or
there aro mino rules, they should bo
' carefully followed.   But   theso   rules
! aro not always sufficient; they cover
the average case, but not an extreme
or 'special condition—that is, it may
bo tho rulo of the district or mlno-to
set two or throe linos of props In a
room, tho props to be not' over 5 or
C feet apart, whereas In somo rooms
four or five lines of props may bo necessary.
It ls important to sot tho props nt
regular Intervals and in some placos
to set extra props ne they may bo
needed. If tho roof seems to bo In
bad condition, do not bo afraid to set
a temporary prop at tho face to protect yourself whllo loading a car.
Tlmbor tho placo, if necessary, ovon
though tho post Is In your way, Don't
wait until tho car Is loaded, for tho
roof may fall on you,, Koop propor
tools on hund with which to do Umbering.
Whon you nro undercutting tho coal
ORpoclally In a room, do not mlno an
Indefinite width nnd depth without
selling a sprag; Uio samo caro applies
lu top mining. In mnny places roof
conl or toono ovorllos tho conl worked,
and failure to put up props bofor© cutting or mining ofton results In a serious accldont. -
Do not neglect to tlmboi' your plnco
properly, ovon If you aro In a hurry
or fool thnt tho top is all right bocnuso
it usunlly Is good, or neglect to do
so because tlmbor would not allow
you the same froodom to work. This
neglect, if continued, will Jesuit In
Bome ono being hurt or killed.
Falls of "Slate,"
Ono of tho things thnt causes n
largo number of accldonts Is tho
"draw Blato" In Hie upper pnr. of tho
conl bed or Just nbovo tho coal.  In
ftm   « uinuuii,   u.D.i.n    tiiip   in   luj'iiu
.inrrcl:' ''An,?"; II Ir n "i-1_.tr" fmil.v
a tiny shale, that Is hnrd whon first
then rocs betwoen the coal and the
enr and procoods to mine off the coal
frppil bv Hio (flint Tr tt.* rni. riwiltn
and falls suddenly, tho miner may bo
pinned against the car and killed or
crippled, when If ho had left tlio car
standing some distance back he might
have escaped Injury,    . '
Testing the Roof
When you outer pour room or working pl«r* ln the morning yeu should
propped slowly, watching lh* reef
carefully with the light from your
lamp thrown Mp on jt. if »»,. pi>tt)
seems doubtful you ahould test It
wltb a pick or a heavy allele, touch-
lng the roof or doubtful piece with
yonr Iroe hand. If any v»»*ratlon ta
felt, tbe piece la unsafe and must be
oont, Ifl.M.    Total number killed. SOI 11«tr«?n down or timbered at once. Tho
pusheB n car closo to tho faco and exposed to ihe air. but f-tpldly softens
nnd fn'ls.    Props will not. Veep It np
—th-l lc, lt will "cut" around H,o
i.,, ., ii » i ..    »,., .. .
fore, thohest thing to do Is to take
It down Immediately and stow It In
tho gob. When similar "draw slRto"
is found In mlnea ln other districts no
time ahould be lost In pulling It down.
In coal mine* in Prance, which g<*n-
orally have a weak slmle roof, Uie
rules require thnt tlir. props shsl! be
plneed not *>v*r 1 meter <8U feet.
apart each way and that there must
be hitches cut In the e*Ai t**-* *- -
strap* or bur* put in, supported by
the prow behind, before the miner
Is permitted to undercut the face.
The good result or thia law Is sbown
^4Cm...ii»*4 •_.   .'««* 1t> '
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
. i .    ' ■ ■■■%- y . ••      '-
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE /.'.  '  '   y '--'       -   ' Alberta
■V-
\   >-' ;
'■>. .
■7
;     /'-'
:'?.■■
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
vC* i
Bar Unexcelled
AH White Help
j
Everything,'
Up-to-date
Call iri-and
see us once
TRY   A   "LEDGER"   WANT   ADVT."".
[DISEASES OF MEN!
l'l
JOHN PODBIEUUtCIK, Prop.
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
^ »
and
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
CLUB
Cigar Store
W. A.'INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
,   Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazelwooct Buttermilk    >
mmmmmm*rmmmmmmm*mmtmmmm
Victoria Ave.uio
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 3V
@ , 1 positively cure tlivoo-foiiVtlis oil
9«11 tlio ens<_.s*Ui_ifc _.re absolutely in-J
Scumble by any methods othor than!
those I employ. I do not care whoj
has treated you or. how longor byf
-what means ho has truuted you.J
the probability'is'that 1 can "cure!
you, and I will bo able to speakj
definiti'ly in the ' mnttor. when' Ij
'know the details of yonr case".
Write for Free, Book
If you can't call at my office]
Iwrite for my book, which describes!
liny method* All. letters are givenj
Especial attention.
r
t
\
DR. KELLEY'S MUSEUM
210 Howard St., Spokane, Wash.
-Large (Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay fr°P5:
T.\
«&<9»®>S&ft«___iaS>i&_»(S_DC_D4S_>®«»4__>
M " ~
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found in  such  a display  of
eats
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, iPork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,'
Eggs, Fish, "impcrator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Bauer Kraut.    ,
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Go,
Phone 66
Livery, Feed
pnr) ShIp StahlM
r
Flrtt clan Horiei. for Salt,    f
Buys Horses on Commlslon
CC,r!c Barton    Pho».7_ [
E
THE PREMIER
FURNISHER ROOMS
Ivtry ebnvsnlene* and comfort, Just
III.S balnfl st horns.  Ono block
from Pott Office.  Ctnlr-
atry looat«i
H. A. WILKII, .  Proprietor
PELLAT AVE.    .    •    •    FKItNlft.
A Flash of
Lightning
Is just as likely to strlko
tbo liouso of tlio uninsured
man an tlmt of Ms moro prudent neighbor, No building
Is Iramuno.
Better Have
Us insure
you and bave a lightning
cluttno rttUche-d to tho policy.
Thon you noodn't worry ovory
tlmn ttir»r*» U n thnndrmtrtrn.
 /
M, A. KASTNER
Solo Affent for Fornlo
i
.«
ASSAYER
B.   W.   "WIDDOWBON, Aitaytr H»d
Ch«inlll, IU>t O 1101, H*t««n,    ft    C,
Chtrt«f:-43old, Stiver, U*dor Coj»p*r,
ft  Mch. _ aiitil-nitmr,  firftttvttr-f.ZtiiY.
!!•■•••  Eflcet for ortft- mtuis: Colt,
Va1; ...T_PV".r**_.! oM»to<" *««*y offloo
<n British CotumttfO- XSp7
THE DISTRICT..__,EDa___R„;FERNIE,   B..C, DECEMBER; 14, 1912.
PAGE ELEVEN
i r>
>t
Ol
i
'i
.I1'    ''
■■' I
' /
to
Accidents from Fills
dtRoof and Goal
(Continued from page 10).
by, tho refcordsr of'accidents in' the
.French mines.. In "spite of the poor
roof "the number of accidents-from
roof falls in - proportion to the number of underground' employees is lower than in any, other, country.
'Ealls of., Roof or "Slate" in Drawing
/ '.,.," Pillars.
, Drawing, or pulling, pillars requires
experience and skill. ;If you have
.both, you may do this work. Otherwise you ' should - not go among the
pillars' without an experienced part-
■ner or 'buddy."    -No    matter'   how
•much" experience you have had, never
neglect to  set    a    line of "breaker
props" so -placed" that    if..-rthe roof
,' weight comes on suddenly the" line of
props will break the roof "there and
prevent its breaking off at the edge,
bf the pillar and burying you.
A common cause of injury from falls
Is the attempt to recover loose coal
. iu the gob.or. goave. Unlesjj there
ls timber protection for tlm miner,
this should not be attempted. Tho
recovery,-of props from the gob ls a
good thing to do if you are careful,
'but you should use chains and levers,
so that you will be'in a safe .place
.'-when' the prop is drawn out by the
chain. ' '
Effect of Explosives
.■   Great damage is done to a roof b^r
the use of too much' explosive for a
.shot and by not placing shots properly.   If the holers drilled too close
to the roof, the'blast tends to shatter
It.    Do not place the shot too near the
7 roof.     If the coal is not undercut or
v;:
%
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied with   the. best Wines,
Liquors and, Gigiu-s
"DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
MOHT.iA..!-   SAI.E
Wli-
w
>I_.'naei- and by vlrture,of tlio powers
fipntuinedin a certain Mortgage, which
.wiii>'be produced at the  time  of sale,
.these will be offered by • salo
bv public auction on Monday, the 16th
day of December, 1912, at -the hour of
•■11 o'clock in tho forenoon, at the office
■ of Grafton  and  Bennett,    Cox    Street,
- Fertile,   B.C.,   by  J.   W.   Bennett,  auc-
■ tloneer, .the following property, narne-
=4^=X_!Qt-=Nuniboi^=2=in-^-Bl0Gfc=iLTumber Sj=
Penile, according to a map or-plan deposited in thfi Land Registry Office in
the City of Nelson, and numbered 734.
Terms: 10'per cent of  tlio purchase
■ money to lie paid down at tho time of
sala; balance,to be paid within 30 days.
For   further' particulars   and   conditions of sale apply to " .;,
Messrs  UWE &  FISHER,
"Imperial Bank-Buildings,
.Fernie, B. p.
Dated this.7th day of November. 1912,
-properly sheared, a great deal of!the
force of the explosive is spent in shattering, the roof,' Also, props may be
blown down,   .;.' h "'   ., 7 _"'....":' i
You should watch..closely to.'see
that you use just" enough explosive to
bring, down the coal.' This"will,not
only, lessen the, cost of the.', explosive
and Increase the. proportion of lump
coal, tout, it .will lessen the risk of
accident from an., explosion or fall of
shattered roof, which might kill or
cripple yoii. .... " ■  ,,
'"When you go back' after firing" a
shot, it'is particularly necessary that
you thoroughly test the roof in the
way previously described. You should
not go back under, any condition while
the smoke is thick, both pn account
of the poisonous gases and because
you can, not" then properly observe the
condition of the roof or whether props
have been, thrown down. . '
Fallyof Coal
> "Work hard! Work hard!": Why,
kid, how you talk! " I've worked
as hard as a horse all my life. Here
I am growing old at 45, worn out
with hard work.'', _'
"But, pa,, if: you have,"worked so
hard, why ain't you-rich?"" ' .     ■
"Why—er—why, what :-a'_ "question,
boy! How do you expect.me to answer such a question as' that?"
"But, pa, 'I uwant to know, and
you told-me the other day to * come
to you if I wanted to know anything
and, riot .listen. to"? those fool' Social,
ists who talk down on the street corner." ... .
"So I did; my son, and I. am glad
that you have obeyed me. Let's see
what was the question? 'Why ain't
I .rich?"-Oh, that's easy! It's because I did not save my money."
'"Well, pa, why don't "you start sav-
ir.i. right now?"
A USTRALIAN VOTE
IS NOT PERFECT
/"Save money    now!    'Why,    you
Figures compiled by. the Bureau of; youug iascal_ Icar- ^carcely buy/en.
oufeh for the family to eat, say nothing
There's
SYNOPSIS' OF COAL M1MNU
IlEGUI-ATIONS
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
bo loused for a term of twenty-one
years at un annual ron tal of $1 an aore.
Not more than 2,560 acres wll be leaned
to ono applicant. '
Application for a lease must bo made
by the applicant In person to tho
Agont or Sub-Agent of tho dlstrlot In
whloh tho rights applied for are situated. , ■ ■
-In Burveyed territory tho land must bo
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and In linsurveyod
territory the tract applied for shall bo
atakod out by tho tipplloant himself.   '
ISaoh apllcntlon must be acoompantod
by a fee of .6 whloh will be refundod If
the rights applied for aro not avallablo,
but not otherwise, A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of tho
mlno at the rato of five oonts per ton,
The poraon operating tho mlno shall
furnish tho Agent with sworn roturns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho royalty-thoroon. If the ooal mlnltisr
rights aro not being operated, such
returns should bo furnlshod  at least
onco a yoar.
I Tho loasa will Include tho ooal mlslng
rights only, but tlio lessoo may bo per-
mlttod to puroliaso whatever avallablo
surfaoo rights may bo considered no-
Oosnary for tho working of tha mlno
at thn rato of ,$10,00 an acre, ,
For full Information application
should bo mndo to tlio Socrotary of tho
Dopartmont of tho Intorlor, Ottawa, or
to any Agont or Sub-Agent of Dominion J.andH,
W. W. Oory.
Deputy Mlnlstor of tho tn.orln?,
N.n--Unauthorl»!Od publication of this
adverllrement will not be oala for.
Mines Indicate that in the calendar
year 1911 the number of men killed
by falls of coal (other than roof coal)
in the entire country was 148 out of a
total of 1,321 killed by falls of all
kinds, or about 11 per cent. In the
bituminous mines of the country the
proportion of deaths, from falls of coal
to deaths from falls of all kinds was
120 to 1,039, or about 11.5 per cent; in
the anthracite mines' the proportion
was 28, to 282, or about 10 per cent:
Some figures gathered by the State
mining departments of some of the
States that have large-outputs of coal
are . given below. In 1910, in the
Pennsylvania anthracite field, 80'men
were killed by falls of coal out of
a,total-of 253 killed, by falls, of all
kinds. In the Pennsylvania bituminous fields 54 were killed by falls of
coal, as compared with a total of 306
killed by falls of all kinds. In West
Virginia 32 were lulled by falls of
coal out of a total of 215 killed by falls
of all kinds. In Illinois 19 were killed
by falls of coal out of a total of 65
killed by falls, of "all kinds. In these'
three States 185 men were killed by
falls of coal'out of a total of 839 from
all kinds of falls, or 22 per cent of the
total.- The number Injured by falls of
coal is much larger than the number
killed. Por example in JVest Virginia
119 were injured by falls of "eoal as
compared with 461' injured by all kinds'
of falls. However, the statistics for
the whole country are hot complete. .'.,
The responsibility for preventing ac-.
cidents from falls of coal'is almost'
wholly in the' hands of the miner. '
Most of these' ■ accidents •■ occur
through failure to-block or sprag the
coal while' undercutting it, or, in a
thick seain, while slabbing it off. The
•miner—workIng7amo__g~the~imngS~SF
coa,., may have his foot .caught when
a large' mass of coal rolls over. There
is particular danger from rolling coal
in pitching seams, where the face
may sometimes break and "run,"
Every- miner knows that before
starting to undercut the face, either
by pick or by machine, he should
carefully sprog the coal. ' This takes
only a few minuteB, and ls a most necessary precaution. It also helps to
keep tho coal from spalling off if there
Is nny weight from.the roof that tends
to mnko tho coal break at the back of
the cutting. As you continue the undercutting you should put in blocks
or more sprags. When you nro ready
to foiling down the coal, knock out tlio
sprags in ordor, starting at the Inner
ond, so that you may not be caught
botweon tho coal and gob in caso tho
coal rolls over In a block. Spocial
cave needs to bo token in long wall
work, as in the northern Illinois (lis.
trict or tho Canyon City (Colo.) field,
wl.oro tho long-wall system is omployod and thero Is llttlo room between
the fnco and tho gobbed material. In
a thick seam particular caro must bo
laken In Blabbing off coal that hns not
como down as a wholo nnd whoro tho
coal fnco is high abovo your head.
(Noxt week's Installment of thlB Interesting pamphlet will bo "Suggestions for Foremen nnd Assistant Poro-
mon.") .
savo
about other things we need-
no chance of saving anything now."
"Well, pa,, why didn't    you
whon you had lots of money?"
"Why—er—drat it.all, kid, I neve.-
did have lots of money. — We've always oe< n as poor as Job's turkey."
Hoy !h.nks a while.'
"Were the capitalists once poor like
we are, pn."
. Pa (proudly): "Yes, my son, and
it shows the glorious ■ privileges our
Great Liberal party has given to all,
for,while they were once poor they
are now rich; and every man "has the
same opportunity as they had."'
"Say, pa, who taught you to say
that?""   „
"Who taught me to say that? Why,
boy, what.do you mean?"
"1 mean that you' didn't think that
all out by yourself, did you?". '   ° ,.'
"Why—er—I believe I. did hear
Banker Takemin say something like
thai at one of our meetings last campaign, and it sounds so nice that I remembered it." ■
"But, pa, is it so?"
"Why, kid, of course it's so."
"Well, then;'why don't you start In
row and get rich!,?"
. "Well—er—drat"it all,'kid, it's no
use: your old daddy is too old to play
jhat game'now."
,. "I ain't very old, am I, pa."
"Why,  what  a question,  boy;
course, you're not old." .
- ' Will I be .rich some day, pa?"
i  iJa thinks a while, then sighs',
afrair" not, my son; your pa-can't give
you the right kind of a chance."
."Then it's.a question of chance, is
it r-a?" " .    '   '   -
'Well—er—I guess that is about'' no
of
"I'm
BALLOT LA WS. ARE AHEAD OF MOST OTHER
.   NATIONS
Dr. O, FAU8ETT,
Dontlit,
COLEMAN, Alberta.
Office In Cameron Block
All Work Guaranteed,
INQUISITIVE YOUTH
AND FOND PARENT
'Say, pn, why nln'l you a capital*
iHt?"
"Woll, my son, you soo I havo not
monoy enough; It takes n pllo of
monoy to bo n capitalist."
"Hut, pn, Iiow do thoy not tholr
monoy?"
"Why, my son, thoy work hnrd nnd
onrn It."
"You work very hard, don't you,
pn_"
r>»v
?3
JOHN DARDER, D.D.8., LD8.,
DENTI8T
Office: Hendenon Block, Fernie, B.C.
Houra: 8.30 to 1 • 2 to 6.
itvuiuvuv-t.,   ii,   VUvUilM AtVii-.W.   i
ALEXANDER MAONBIL
Barrliter, Solicitor, Notary, eto.
Office*: Eoketeln Building,
•    Fernie, B.C.
f, C. Law*
Alex. I. Plehe>
LA WE 4 FISHER
ATTORNJCVB
fertile, D. C
L.   H.   PUTNAM
Barrliter, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
BLAIRMORE,
ALTA.
TNE MaiSTMTE'S STOP,.
Whnt He Owon to Zant-Bukr      #
Mr. O. K. Sonford, of Wo. ton. Klnm
Co., N.S., a Juatlco ot tho Peace for
tha county nnd a deacon oi Mio Hap-
tint Church in Berwick, says:   ' t
iUi'v ww. liuut _._._. __'_• _.0kJ ___.<_ J->u.ji_
11 a splendid remedy. It cured mo."
. Mr. Thorno* Pearson, of Prlnco Al-
bort, Sask., v.rlloa; "I must thank
you for tho bonoflt I havo rocelvod
from Uio uso of Zam-Duk.   I.nt.t sum-
«, . _> ,     ,  ., f   .01      ... . ,    t . 1
UiC»   _  UM <!• _'.«i.k.   M»>k-,.t. ►».'.  t» •   '■	
piles. I fttartcd to uso Zam-Buk and
round 1C K*vo mo relief, bo I continued with it. After tiling throe or
tour botes it effected ft complete
cure."
Zam-Buk will also be found a sure
cure for oold aorta, chapped hands,
dont bilo, u.m>.», ecxfeina, blood-
polaon. varicose sores, tcalp noros,
rlnsworra, Inflamed patch'1?., bribl's'
eruptions and chapped j>l..a<8, cute.,
burns, bruises, and skin Injuries generally. AU drugstat* and atom ec-ll
at 60c. box, or post freo from Shm Buk
Co., Toronto, upon receipt of price.
Ton aro warn.4 artlntt harnlfol Imitations and substitutes. Bee the
T*f1«»»re<t name "'/«m-HnkM on e^rery
patkato beforei buying.
p.ze of it."
"Will I stand as good a chance a?
Banker Takemin's boy. Theodore, pa?''
"Well, I rather doubt it, my son.
You see, Banker Takemin put $10,000
in the bank at compound interest for
his son the day he was born, and when
he is 21 he will have that and much
more besides."
"Say, pa, what are you going to glvo
mb when I am '21?"
. "Well—er—candidly, my son, the
way matters look now, you'll be able
to stick everything your old adddy
can give you in your eye." ,
Boy thinks a while.
"Say, pa, It looks to mo like the
chances for workmen to get rich are
mighty slim In this country. Why
don't you move away to some placo
where prospects are bettor?"
"Why, boy, the working people havo
tho best chances ln this country of any
placo on the globe," ;
"llow many working people got rich
ln this country, pa?"
"Well—or—er—I don't know tho exact numbor, but I suppose not ovor
ono in 100."
"The best chance In the world for
n working man Isn't a vory good
chnnce, Is it, pa,"
"No, my son, It Isn't, Tho working
people havo n pretty hard row to hoo."
"Sny, pa, Is a worklngmnn's voto ns
good oh a capitalist's voto?"
Pa (ngnln swelling up with prldo).
"Why, cortnlnly, It Isl Tho working
men arc tho real rulors of this country."
"This Is a protty rich country, Isn't
It, pn?"
"Rich? Why I should Hiiy It is! It's
tlio richest country ou tho fnco of tho
onilh."
"And you say that tho worklngmoit
rolo It?"
Pn (swelling ngnln): "Yes, my son,
(lio destiny of this groat nnd glorloua
country Ib In the hands of Its sovo-
reign citizens, lho mon who till lho
soil nnd mlno tho conl, nnd do tho
Willi, Tlio horny hnnd of toll Is tho
one Hint steers tlio ship of stnto,"
"Thnt sounds pretty nice, doesn't It,
pa?"   ' N
I'n (suspiciously): "Yes, It doos, hut
SIDNEY.—Some years ago'we heard
much of the Australian,ballot. We were
given to understand that Australia had
invented a. scheme which solved the
problem of the'ballot box. But it is as
true of this as of other phases of Australian legislation—or legislation in
any'other country for that matter—
that perfection has not been achieved,
finality has not been arrived at.
The much-heralded ballot by means
of the post has been eliminated from
the commonwealth electoral act? and
the whole subject and a new electoral
bill is now (March, 1912) pending before the New South Wales parliament,
which aims "to .bring about a much
needed reform." Nevertheless, Australian electoral laws are in general in
advance of those of other nations and
present,certain features which demand
attention.  '
Tho commonwealth electoral act, as
amended from time to time, is a bulky
document qf which I shall note only
certain (provisions. It may be assumed that in general the system of voting
in Australia is similar to that with
which we are familiar.
How Elections are Managed
Electoral acts and regulations are
administered by a chief electoral officer _for the commonwealth., He is
aided by a commonwealth electoral
officer for each state who is subject
to the directions of the chief electoral
officer for the commonwealth. Under
the state officer is a divisional returning'officer for each electoral division;
assistant returning officers may be appointed for divisions, subject to the
control of the divisional returning officer. The latter acts as electoral registrar—keeps the rolls'for all polling
places in the division or for which no
electoral registrar has been appointed.
Each state is divided into as many
electoral divisions as it has members
of the house of representatives. The
governor-general appoints; three persons for each state to be commissioners, one of whom has to be surveyor
general. These commissioners, "hold
office during" the governor-general's
pleasure. A redistribution of any state
into divisions may be directed by the
governor-general by proclamation.
-—A—roll'Of-clcoto'rs-is-kept'for-each-
division.   Any name on a roll may be
objected to by written objection lodged with or made by, the returning officer, provided, that, a sum of five shillings be deposited for each name objected to, to be forfeited to the King if
the objection is held by the returning
officer to be frivolous. The latter
gives notice of the objectin to the person objected to .although he may dismiss the objection if he is satisfied
that the ground stated in the objection
is not good. ' '
Valid Grounds (for Objection
Valid grounds for, objection are that
the Individual has not lived in the di
vision, or has not so lived format least
one month,,or has obtained enrolment
for some other division.. The person
objected to may, orally or in writing
answer the objeotion. His reply-is examined by the returning officer, who
may retain, or strike the name from
the- roll.
Any person who has claimed the
right to be enrolled upon a roll, or
who has not been .enrolled pursuant
to such' claim, or whose name has been
struck off 1he roll by the returning
officer upon an Objection by any person, may make application to a court
of summary jurisdiction for an order
directing that his name be added or
restored. Such courts consist of a
police or special magistrate, or of two
justices of the peace authorised b'y
the governor-general to hear and determine electoral appeals.
The voter appealing at the polling
booth is given a ballot-paper which
has been initialed by the presiding officer, who keeps count of all such papers. The initials are,placed on the
back of the ballot so0as to be easily
?t n when the' paper ls so. folded as
to conceal the names of the candidates.
Marks .Vote in Private
Upon receiving tho- ballot paper
the voter, without <ielay, retires to an
unoccupied booth and there in private
marks ? his vote on the ballot paper,
folds the ballot so as to' conceal the
names of the candidates, and to
clearly show the initials of the presiding officer and'then forthwith openly and without unfolding it drops it
into the ballot box. If a voter can
satisfy the' presiding officer that his
sight is sufficiently impaired or that
lie is physically incapable or illiterate, the presiding officer in the presence of the scrutineers shall mark,
fold and deposit his ballot paper for
him.
The presiding officer' may adjourn
the polling.from day to day in any
case where voting or polling is' obstructed by riot or open violence. The
polls are open from 8 in the morning
ani do not close until'all the electors
present in the polling booth at 7 in
the  e.ening and  desirous  of  voting
—Vlj1* *rr*     <»n*« .3  -___—-^==L_=_____^__si_1==s==
-JJM, » \J -V UlCUi '    , ' '
Within eight weeks after the result
of any election has been declared
every candidate at the election shall
declare before a justice of the ipeace
and file with the commonwealth electoral officer for the state a true return of his electoral expenses; showing all electoral expenses paid, and all
disputed and' unpaid claims for electoral expenses.
Printed instructions direct that under amounts paid for advertising, stationery, etc., committee rooms and
public meetings and halls, the names,
occupations and addresses of those to
whom any sum was paid and the reason for which it was paid must be
clearly set forth.
Swear to Expenses
After the total has been written in
the candidate subscribes before a justice of the peace to the following:
"And I do solemnly and sincerely declare that this return is true in every
particular, and that, except as appears
Dy this* return, I have not, and no person has with my knowledge or authority, paid any electoral expense incurred by me or on my behalf or in my interest at or in connection with the said
election,.or incurred any such expense,
or given or .promised'aiiy.reward,, of-, -
fice, employment or 'Valuable, consider-.:
atlon on account of or In ■ respect, of -,'
Sny such expense,"t      y    -..     -7    '"
These, returns must be made on. prescribed' forms, signed   and- declared -
to before a justice, of the peace by-,
the president or chairman and the _fec-'V
retary'of the trade union or mother' ,
bodyr and must contain particulars of 7
the,, money expended or expenses incurred and be, filed with the "commonwealth electoral officer of.the state in  "
which the election took place wlthin;7
twelve weeks after the result pf the :.
election has beenuleclared. ■
Chicago Tribune
The 2,000 men who are to build the^
Australian    transcontinental   railway .
will be accommodated in model camps
! under Government control, attended by
Government medical officers,,and pro-'
vided witli stores at city prices. Q-The
men are to be paid 10s. ($2.40) a day.
.   "I suppose you need plenty of friends"
to become a Senator?" ,   "Not exactly," replied the newly-elected one. "A
few friends with plenty of money will •
do the trick."—Puck.
Election)Expenses Limited
One of'the most interesting features
of the commonwealth electoral laws
is that which limits electoral expanses.
No candidate for the senate may incur
•ui txp.ense.in excess of £250, or for
the louse.of represev.tlves -In excess ot ,£100. -Election expenses may
not bo incurred or authorized except
for .printing, advertising, publishing,
Issuing and distributing addresses by
the candidates and notices of meeting,
stationery, messages, postage and telegrams, committee rooms, public meetings and halls therefor, and scrutln-
eoring.
Christmas Excursions
to Europe commencing Nov. 7
to Eastern Canada, Dec. 1
Fernie-Montreal, return, 72.15
Fernie-Toronto, return, 67.15
Corresponding Low Rates to points'in
Quebeic, Ontario, and Maritime Provinces
FIRST CLASS SERVICE^ AND EQUIPMENT
S. Thompson, Agt.
P.O. Box. 305.   Tel. 161
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
CAPITAL, $15,000,000; REST, $12,500,000
MONEY ORDERS
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce, are a safe, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting small sums of money. These Orders,
payable without charge at any bank in Canada (except in the, Yukon
Territory) and'in the principal cities of the United States, are issued at
the following rates: .,        . ' -       ,
"~     $5 and under    3 centB
■Over    5 and not exceeding $10    6    "
"     10      " " 30 10     "
*<t * ?m      " <*
30      " " .50 15
REMITTANCES  ABROAD
&8
should be made by means of our SPECIAL FOREIGN DRAFTS and MONEY
ORDERS.   Issued without delay at reasonable rates.
L. A. S.  DACK,  Manager. FERNIE  BRANCH
Suggestions for Christmas Gifts
COMBINATION NO, 1 - $5.50
1 quart Pfetor Dawson's Scotch
1 quart Hennessy 3-star Brandy
1 quart Vory Old Madeira Wino
COMBINATION NO, 2 - $5,00
1 quart Jamaica Ruin
f,
1 qt. Monopol Brandy j\Io<l'l Reserve
1 quart invalid Port Wino
COMBINATION NO, 3 • $5,25
1 large bottle Burko's Irish Whiskey
1 large bottlo Geneva Gin.
1 bottle sealed Ryo
COMBINATION NO, 4 - $5,00
1 bottlo Anisette "Hriznrdcfc Rogers"
1 bottlo Blackberry Brandy
2 bottlos hirnay KpaKklin,
JO*
wino
"Thnt'i. nnothor ono of nqnkor Talr.
omln'8, ain't It?" N
"Woll!     Supposon It U."
nf 'tomnwro.* for If H.ln In r,..f>h n vM.'
ronntry nnd tho worlclnRmon ronlly do I
rulo It, thon tho workliiRmoii mutt bo!
ii lot of nincompoop*, or thoy would I
got toRothor and form a pol "       j
od brat of nn anorchlit! I know
you'vo been down to hear thoio Soclnl*
iHts again. I neo, I'll hnvo to Rlv« you
anothor remlndor. Jimt como out to
tho woodshed for a fow. minute*; I'm
golnm to glvo you nomolhlnn to think
about for lho rout of your lifetime."-—
Lockwood, In Our Younjt Pllkii.
COMBINATION NO. 5 - $4,50
»
1 bottlo r-hinnti Wino
1 bbttlo Vin St. Michol
COMBINATION NO, 6 - $5,00
jiua oi yoii) i/iioico
(
iiiai'K
1 bottlo unforniontod Grape .Juice
Minor* employed nt Monut I.yoll.
Tasmania, d<dlc«>d recently to go fet»
low unl««f their own iMpwtorfl w»re
permitted tooMtnln* and report on tho
•rtfety or othenrlia of thc mine. After
tf.n.1. di.y»C -mupcittlAit of labor th«
bofte* agreed to the miner*' d«m«fid».
Remember the above are only suggestions.    We carry a very complete stock of
imported and native liquors, wines and cigars, and can make up any lot desired.
Agents for the celebrated MUTZ EXTRA BEER
i, V
Mail Orders promptly and car cf idly attended in.
FRANK WINE & SPIRIT CO., FRANK, Alta.
•*,,*MMI E
, ■ ... ^■f
r*tt^*^a»fct_--;^»*Mai4^»*nff-wrrf Wi_n_miwil •\ft'^iy^r^^tifantrrifat
m
i \
PAGE TWELVE
THE DISTBICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, DECEMBER 14,1912.,
Examination Papers
Under B.C. Mines Act
Questions for Pit Boss Certificate
at B.C. Examination
gaseous mine, bow would you' arrange
and distribute the air-currents-to' ensure the greatest safety to life and property? ■   .      "  -     8
7. If in extending the working of "a
mine where the airways are kept to
uniform   size   and   condition1 of k, the
I water-gauge shows an increased pressure, ' what, in your opinion, is its
cause? "~ " ■*        7
8. What precautions are necessary
in order to maintain a good current of
air throughout the entire workings of
a mine? 6
9. Which should be the larger of
Tuesday, October 29th, 1912. Time:
9 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. Seventy per cent
required.
MINING ACT AND RULES
1. What are the duties of the overman under the Special Rules? 10
2. What are the provisions of the
Act as to certified coal miners? '     10
3. What dbo tho General Rules require as to-tho inspection of mines in
wbich inflammable .nas has been found
within the preceding twelve months?
10
4. What aro the provisions of tho
Act as to tho timo persons may be
emplo.ed underground? 10
ft. What are the provisions of tbe
Act as to rescue work? 10
6. What does the Act say in reference to  inspect ion? 10
7. What do the General Rules say
y\\\ regard to the use of explosives?   10
8. What are the requirements of
the Act with regard to working places?
10
9. Who may be employed to operate
any engine, windlass, gin, or other machinery used for conveying persons In
any mine, and what qualifications are
necessary? , 10
10. What do the General Rules require as to the use of lamps and lights?
.   ■ 10
7. With what methods of working
coa. at the face are you familiar?
Draw a sketch illustrating your explanation.      ■        "' 12
8. In the event of a severe explosion in a mine, as mine overman what
would be your first consideration and
duty? 10
9.. Tho bearing of tbe main entry is
X. 30 degs. W.-, and that of a crosfe-
entry from it N. 30 dogs. B. " Rooms
turned off tlicvcross-entry run parallel
to the main entry. If the perpendicular distances between the centres of
the rooms lsu3G feet, what distance
should be measured on the entry between centres? " - 15
10. What practical methods would
you adopt and,enforce .In and about
mines lo reduce the liability of accidents from the use of electricity?
What, voltages do you prefer for use
about a mine?" 15
the two, the blowing or exhaust fan, to
obtain the. same results? If you
think there should be a difference
give your reason.    '' 8
10.   Ventilate plan given, using conven tlonal. signs. 20
; i\.
AC
1912.
Fifty per -cent.
GENERAL WORK
Wednesday,    Octobor    30th,
Time: 2 to 5.30 p.m.
required.
1. In case a squeeze occurs in a
mine of which you had charge, endangering a heading and threatening to
shut off part of the work, how would
you proceed to stop its progress?     10
2. In timbering a room 'haw far
apart would you place timbers, under
a'fair roof? If tbe top is bad, how
should they be placed? How would
you set a prop to carry the greatest
weight? 8
, 3. What maximum height should
there be between a pump and the surface of the water in the sump,' the baro
meter being 30 inches? 8
4.   In lading out a siding or main
_i)artmg._-Wher_-_.nn-Chanical_haulage_is;
1912.
Seventy
VENTILATION
Wednesday,    October    30th
Time 9 a.m. to 12.30 p.m
per cent required,
1. What are the requirements that
should be considered in fixing tho
quantity of air for any particular
mine? 5
2. What do you understand by the
terms: (a) motive column; (b) ventilating .pressure; (c) split? What is
the chief use of the regulator? (e)
To what is, it equivalent? (f) What
are the effects produced by splitting
the air, and what advantages are obtained? <- 10
3. If 40,000 cubic feet of air per
minute are passing in a circular airway 8 feet in diameter and 1,800 feot
long, what is (a) the pressure per
square foot; (b) the horse-power required ? ■   10
4. (a) By what two methods is air
set in motion? (b) Mention -the different means at hand for, producing
ventilation in mines. (c) What conditions are necessary to produce na,
tural ventilation in a mine? (d) How
does this form of ventilation' differ
from all others? 10
 5.    (a) What instrumen^ts__are_uged
■MINE GASES '
Tuesday. October 29th, 1912. Time:
2 to 5.30 p.m. Seventy per cent required.
1. Name and describe the different
gases found in coal mines. What aro
their dangers to life, and their injurious efforts on the workmon employed
therein? Give also their symbols,
specl.ii gravities, and properties;
were found; how produced. State
their effects on combustion. 20
"2 (_0 What if affpr-damp, and
what would be the composition of the
after-damp resulting from an explosion uf fire-damp containing a lar<_<.
quantity of air; and what would it
likely be If tho fire-damp contained
but a' small quantity of air? (b) Under what conditions may after-damp
become explosive? 15
3. If 20,000 cubic feet of air and gas
at its most explosive point are .passing through tho mine, what Is the
quantity of gas given off, and what
quantity of air should be added to render' it non-explosive? ' 10
4. What precautions   would    you
rdopt to prevent loss of life and property in mines subject to sudden out-
i,uists of carburetted-bydrogen gas?. 8
' 5.   What is a safety lamp?    Why is
it safe? What constitutes a good safety lamp? 8
0. Kow, would yoii proceed to clear
a shaft that is filled nearly to the top
with carbon-dioxide?                           7
7. Which is the most difficult gas
to contend with in mining? Explain
fully. ' ' i
8. What is meant by tension of gases, and what effect has compression
on confined gases, the temperature remaining the same? '       8'
9. What is meant by density of air,
and at what height above sea-level isi
it one-half as great as at sea-level? ,7
10. What conditions influence and
determine the character of anexplo-
Fancy Worsted Suits, Regular1 $20.00 & $25.00
Special for Christmas - - $12.50,
All Wool Sweater Coats. Special for Christmas
3.50 to 6.50
Men's Fancy Shirts, Reg. 1.50 to 1.75,     Special LOO
Stetson Hats. Reg. 5.50, -       -       -   Special 4.00
* ' " 7 > '
Ladies' Misses' and Boys' Boots and Shoes
at reduced prices
xX;
7    V-'.
.
Jt
,\ ■■
\y
o
Just received carload Pure Food Canned Goods.    All lines
j y i .
Five Roses Flou always on hand.
Vegetables a Specialty
Gorgonzola,-Canadian Cheddar,   Imported Swiss, Cream Brick, Ingersoll's Cream, McLaren's
Pimento, McLaren's Cream and other well known cheese
* i f
Bellevue
T.M.
Hillcrest
/
I
in use,-whai .are tbe chief points to
be considered with reference to safety,
economy and the speedy handling of
coal? 10
5. llow much work is done in raising 300 tons of coal up an incline 2,700
feet long, and raising 1 foot in 3, when
the friction of cars adds 40 .per cent,
to tho load? 12
0. Tho diameter of tbe piston of an
engine is 10 inches and the length of
stroke is 15 inches; the engino makes
250. revolutions per minute, with a
mean effective pressure of 40 lbs per
(isquare inch; what is the horse power
of tho engine.? 12
for measuring the resistance of airways, and what does each measure respectively? (b)' Describe the water-
gauge and the manner of using it for
determining the ventilating, pressure
In a mine. (c) Describe the anemometer and the manner of using it, stating also what precautions are necessary in order to. obtain an average
velocity for the entire area of the airway, (d) Upon what does the density of air mainly depend, and what instruments are used In determining the
density (weight of a cubic foot) of air?
12
0.   If you wero mine overman ln a
sion of gas in a coal mine?
10
WHO WILL TEND THE BABY
WHEN THE  WOMEN  VOTE?
By Anna Cadogan Etz
It may be because babies are less
numerous, or becauso tho public has
become accustomed to seeing perambulators standing in safety ln
front of stores ■ In which mothers
shop, but whatever the reason, this
is not tho vital question it was some
years ago when Dr. Anna Howard
Shaw used to convulse her audlonco
by assuring them that there wns noth
ing to the objection; as the candidates
would gladly perform this necessary
function. . „• .
However, the^news from "the'State
... a Tt..   —T--S* I ! J~- 4.1-»*v  r_Pf.rt_^f tkof.
'Or>VaBUiriBlUU~J6-lU"lUl!^-Ui;i-I.— miAu-
not only does voting mothers not lead
to negelcted babies . but .that the
babies positively add an element" of
cheer to the (polling places.' Washington women voters take, their babies
with them. Why, not? Babies go with
mother' while she buys the meat for
dinner, and it doesn't'.take "nny longer
to vote than' to buy a beefsteak.
The ehief registration .clerk in
Seattle declared that at tlmeB his office looked like a day nursery. He
didn't seem to mind it at all, for he
sipoke with much approval of tho woman voter.
. He said that the women - did not
object to giving their age.,, Ah! there
is another vexed question settled. Not
a few men have declared that the
mere—fact _of_havin£__to_ te_lLho_w_ol_L
she was would keep any woman from
the pollls; By the way, in California
men or women don't have to tell
•their agewhen they vote. Tbey only
have to stat that they arc of ,'voting
ago, and it is the men who benefit
from this regulation, as it is becoming more and more difficult for old
men to get work.
If tho' dark and gloomy factory
where I went to vote on the tax 'question had been enlivened by a few
babies, I am sure they would have
added to the. ghyety of election, and
I am also sure that If they had been
expected the polling place wouldn't
havo boen thore.
THAT   DREADFUL   DISEASE
"Ob, ■ John!"" cried the- farmer's
wife, "I'm afraid I've taken that-dread^
ful new .disease."       '     -  "
" "Wbat makes" you think so, dear?"
he asked, alarmed, gathering the frail
little woman in to his arms and stroking tho thinning hair as she sobbed
out tho story of her fears upon his
broad shoulders,
. "-Well," she explained, "after I have
got up, dressed myself and tbe children, cooked breakfast, washed the'
dishes, .prepared the children for
school, strained tho new milk'and set
it away to cool, churned and worked
the butter, swept and dusted, done
tho ironing, given the baby his bath,
cooked dlnnor and washed tho dishes,
sewed  all afternoon, cooked supper
and  washed  dishes,  undressed „tho
children and  put them to bed, and
sat down, for the evening," I am too^
tired to do-iny darning!   I never used
to feel so.     It must " be   the hookworm/'—Puck. ..',- ' • "-'.    .
MORE COAL IN CHINA
VJ A landslip in Fung Shun district of
China exposed a large seam of coal of
fine quality,.and it will be developed.
The.landslip was in the,same.range as
the Kaying deposits, and about 75 miles,south of the Kaying workings. ■
* A movement to-lengthen the work
day on municipal work in Edmonton
from eight' hours to nine,, Is being
strenuously opposed by the 700 members of tho Brotherhood of Carpenters' ulnon and other'tinions similarly
concerned.
LOADS OF CHRISTMAS CHEER
In compliance, with tho demand of our patrons in tho choice of Liquid Holiday Cheer wo ai:a again putting up
Special Holiday Cases containing six select assortments of High Grado Goods in~ plain packages for
shipmont or home .leliveiy. Ordors for Xmas ovo delivery must bo in the evening of tho 22nd inst. t Orders for
New Year dolivory will bo accepted up to the night of Dec. 20. All orders (illod in rotation as received, so filo
yours early.
Hamper No. I, Price $3.00
(Woight 30 lbs.)
1 A. \i. V. Sherry
1 Sauterne N & J
1 Marsella Wine
1 St. Aubin Clarot
1 Black cherry Wino
1 Old Port
0 Bottles
Hamper No. 2. Price $4.00
(Woight 30 lbs.)
1 Jules Coadan Cognac     1 St. Aubin Claret
1 A. K V. Shorry 1 Scotch Whiskoy
Special Rosorvo
1 Uyo whiskey Canadian 1 Old Port
0 Bottles
A
Hamper No. 3. Price $6.00
(Woight 50 lbs.)
2 Ryowh iakoy Canadian   !. Old Port
2 Claret 2 Black olioppy Wino
I .lulo.s Coadan Brandy    1 Old Mellow Scotch
I Sherry A. U.V. Whiskey
12 Bottle*
Hamper No. 4. Price $8.00
(Weight 30 lbs.)
1 Oporto Morgan Bi'oh.   1 Shorry A. R. V.
1 Loch Broom 8po. Bo.., 1 Heguior Brandy XXX.
1 Ryo Canadian Whisk'y 1 Jamaica Rum
fl Bottlos    "
Hamper No. 5. Price $10.00
(Woight 50 lbs.)
1 Sjf:P.iiT.{;on Sfotrh *? Cn nnd in v. Bye
Wliiskry
1 Old Port wine B.N. Co.  I Tom Gin Grccnlcss
1 Florin's Marsella wine    1 Shorry A. It. V.
1 St. .hiliuu t-iana i  .iii.niu) ixi'oimu
1 Sauterne N & J X\'X
1 Jamaica Hum f.. 1).       I Black cherry Wine
12 BottleH
Hamper No. 6. Price $12.00
(Weight 50 lbs.)
1
1
P..)l.s Cb.'U-.jA'^.ir         1 Corby Wln:.___y
Canadian Bye Whisk'y 1 Jamaica Bum f.. D.
Sloe Gin Greenless       1 Gonzalez Sherry
1
; i
>
!
1
Oporto, Morgan Bros. 1 Bognior Cognac
John Lee & Co.           1 Sauterne iN & J
Whiskey     1 St. Aubin Clarot
Fronch
12 Bottles
;5>
@$ Cfiamibnnisis Goodls
Prlcos F. O. B. Fernio.     Cash must accompany all ordors.      Spocial Attention
to Out-of-Town Orders.        Prices on Special Hampers given on Application
Pollock Wine Co. Ltd., Fernie, B.C.
y.S
rprv BADY for your Inspection.     Frankly speaking, I fool It looks largo for a town the b!s_o of Colo*
I ^     mnn, but ray only romody is to soil at bo Bmall a profit as to compoll my frlonds to buy largely.   I cannot describe such a stock in so small a spaco, but will Just drop a fow hints.
Com and Slgnot, Kings In 10, 14 and 18K Gold, from .1.00 up.    You can havo a roal Din.
mond Ring from $0.00.
■ Watotaog to CIioobo from tn Solid Gold, UohMillod and Nlcldo Casos, from $1.00 up to tho
finest movomont sold,
n 11        Solid Gold Lockot ln Diamond mounts, filled Fobs and Dickons' Chains, Brooches
J@W@ll_fy (solid gold and gold filled), Bar Pins, Studs, Emblem Pins, Diamond Cuff Buttons,
Tlo Pins, and so many nrtlclos that lt ls Impossible to monuon all.
Hodftors' 184L Quality noods no rocommondallon, and thoso are tho goodn I
soil.    Tlio utock needs only to be soon.    Tho prices tho lowest.
Tho niBh Btartod juqt whon displayed.    Thoro still romnln somo Jnrclinloros,
Toa1 Bets, VaBos, Smokor sots, Mirrors, TrayB, Picture Promos,'etc.
TT «___, A n. <F Jl TliU Is something now In tho Wob.. I'would simply any: All ladles,
JlWDIfy ^kBTlt VUlOOffllS pioane cnll and Inspect; to soo Is to bo chnrmod; ovory lady of ttiBto
will want Home article In tho art good lino,
Tf Jl" P Jl /P fl.? IJro8B Ctl8° BOtB< Manicure sots, Uuthor Uags, MobIi Bags, OhrlBt-
LSKfllH©S fllKuffll vU©IM & mn» Cardi., Panoy China Cups, Iland-pnlntod China Trays, Cnko
PlatoB—Ohl Just ploaso call and boo the Btock; variety nnd prlcoB will dollght nnd astonish you.
Aks__0 &m@ir®sa
Jeweller & Eye Spedalns^ C©leinr_&ir__ Alta.
Before ITou Buy Christmas Presents
Sec Our Practical Goods
SS J. D. <JUAli»
Hardware Furniture
'   !,
4     'ji
T
£
K
'"• "*■*-•
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'•-IS
THE DISTRICT [LEDGER, FERNIE, R C.,DECEMBER 14,1912.
PAGE THIRTEEN
:♦>.,*:
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J
ust in!    A full stock of Choice New Raisins, Currants,
Nuts,; Peels etc.   The very best that could be procured.
-it
A Few Specials
;
Victoria Cross Raisins 1G oz. pkg., 2 for 25, 9 for $1.00
"..."'       "    Currants 16. "   '■ " " lo, 8 "    1:00
Paiisy Seedless Raisins 12 •" " .2 " 25, 9 " ■ 1.00
Peels, Orange and Lemon . ' -, ■ - per lb. .20
Peels, Orange, Lemon and Citron mixed       per lb. .25
Apples, Choice Washington Stock
inesaps, Rome Beauties, Pippins etc.,   per box 1.85
Five Roses Flour       -;. ,".- -        -    .iper 100 lbs. 3.65
Mining Legislation
of Australia
"By George A. Dorsey, Ph.D., LL.D..
. SYDNEY.—Mine accidents are-ranr
in Australia. The reason for this is
the high grade of intelligence of the
miners and the fact that their mines
inspection acts were drafted by men
of practical experience and because
miners and their friends and fellow
workers in other industrial pursuits
have been able to demand and legislate ln accordance with their experience.
Give us a; trial order.    Satisfaction guaranteed or money
refunded.    Free delivery Blairmore and Hillcrest.
A. I.
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
—. ,, .—
WHAT'S CONCEALED 'NEATH
THE CURL OF THE HARD
\  WORKING TELEPHONE GIRL
chair and listens~to the-voices from
'■everywhere.' ■ She hears all the gossip,
. she hears all the ne^Ys;~she' knows
who is,happy and who has the blues;
jshe knows all our sorrows, and all of
our joys, she knows of.our troublos,
she" knows bf our strife, she "knows
every man who is mean to his wife;
she -.knows ._exe-0-_-t_lme__we__are_p'ut_
with • the boys, she hears the excuse
each fellow employs; she knows every
woman who has a dark past, she
knows.every, man who's inclined to be
fast;  in fact there's a secret 'neath
each saucy curl of the quiet, demure
telephone, girl. If the telephone" girl
would tell all she knows it would turn
alL__^r_jrie.riasJn_te__bitter_foes..^_,Sha,
could "sow '■ a' small wind 'that would
turn to a'gale, engulf us in trouble and
land us in jail; she could let go a
story (which gaining in force would
cause half our wives to sue for di
vorce) ; she could get all the churches
mired up' in big fights and turn all
our days . into sorrowing nights;' in
-fact-she-could-keep-the-whole-town-in-
astew if she told the tenth "part of
the things that she knew. Now doesn't
it, make your aching head whirl when
yoj.1 think of the trials of the telephone
girl ?—Trades-Unionist, Washington
.The. Minister for Mines of the cabinet of New South' Wales was a miner
a few years ago. Just now he is trying to convince the lower house of
Parliament that the state of ' New
South Wales should own coal mines.
The mines inspection act of New
South Wales is a bulky document of
some sixty-seven pages. I can only
present a few of its principal features.
Every mine which employs more
than ten persons below ground shall
be hi charge of a manager residing in
the vicinity, who shall exercise dally
personal supervision ■ and be responsible for the control,,.management and
direction of the mine. The manager
shall be the owner - of. the mine, or
somo person nominated by him. The
name of the manager must be made
known to an inspector by written notice. No one may be manager of a
mine unless he holds a registered certificate of competency.
Managers are Examined
c The Minister for Mines shall appoint
a board, who examines applicants for
certificates of competency as managers. The minister may further make
rules for the proceedings of the board,
prescribing places and times for examinations ; the remuneration of members of the hoard, the fee to be paid
by an applicant for examination; regulating the conduct of examiners and
prescribing the qualifications of applicants for examination. The minister
grants competency certificates as managers to those who have passed the
examination satisfactorily and have
given evidence of sobriety, experience,
ability and general good conduct, and
have ' had ■ practical experience In
mines for at least three years. Such
certificates^ must be registered on a
prescribed form.
■ There is a penalty for unqualified
persons who take charge of machiu-
■ery. MachineroperatbrsTnust—KoidN
certificates of competency and the
minister appoints a board of examiners for engine drivers and makes rul-
as, as in the case of managers. 'Qualified engine, drivers'are given certifica
tes of "service, which must be registered. -   .
• Certificate May Be Revoked
Any manager or engine driver who
is reported incompetent, negligent br
unfit, or convicted of an offence
against the mines inspection act, is
subject to an inquiry which shall be
public, by a court consisting of a warden named by the minister sitting
Neither alone or with assessors named
by the minister. This court reports to
the minister, who may then cause the
report to be made public. The court
has power to cancel or suspend certificates; it may require a manager or
enginer driver to surrender his certificate. Failure to comply incurs liability to a fine not to exceed £100.
Cancelled certificates are to be recorded.
The penalty for forging or false declaration as to certificate carries the
quality of misdemeanor and the liability of conviction to imprisonment not
exceeding two years, with or without
hard 'labor.
in anything connected with, the mine
or with its control'br management   .
anything likely in his opinion to injure
the health of the miners, must give.,
written notice to the manager, stating.
therein particulars and accompanying
the same with a stated request for,
amendment   within   a   stated period.
If the causo of danger is not removed
or defect remedied, the inspector may-
proceed for default and the court may,
impose on the owner or manager a'
penalty of £50. /.,
Prevention of Lead Poisoning
The governor makes regulation* for
the prevention of lead poisoning and
provides penalties for the enforcement
of such regulations,   not   exceeding <
£20 for each offence.
Rules governing the . draining of ,
mines are many and explicit. ' Even
more so are those regarding ventilation, escapes and the use of explosives.
Managers or competent persons he
may appoint for the purpose, mast
at least once In every 2-i hourB, "examine tlie buildings, machinery, shafts,
levels, planes, and all places, used In
the working of tho mines. He i£>ust
record in writing in a book kept for ,
the purpose, his opinion as to their
condition' and safety, etc., etc. His
books must always be available bor
the inspector.
No person under the age of 21 years
shall have charge of any winding en-
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Wages may not be paid to miners | gine: no boy under 18 shall have con-
at or within any public house or saloon or house of entertainment, or on
such premises. - .
No females or boys under 14 years
of age may be employed in or about
any mine. No boy under 18 shall be
employed in caging or uncaging
trucks, nor shall they be employed as
landers or" braceraen' at any plat or
landing place eifher at or below the
surface.. Before a"miner may work in
the face of tho workings he must have
had two years' experience at such
work under the supervision of skilled
workmen. There must be in every
mine a register containing the name,
age, residence and first date of every
boy employed about the mine.
Inspector of Mines
The governor, through the execu-
tive-council, of course, appoints duly
qualified persons to inspect mines.
Such.an inspector must hold a certificate of competency or a certificate as
manager. Certain persons are disqual-.
ified for. acting as Inspectors, viz.,
partners or any person who practices
or acts as land agent, mining engineers, managers, agents or valuators of
mines, arbitrators on any', difference
arising between owners, agents or
managers, or who are in any way employed in or about a mine or are min-
eTTTr?fc",)"ts_oT"ml_Te_6"wne"rs".n^(_r^"Balr
any inspector be a partner or have
any imerest in'any'mine in the state?
Inspectors are given the widest
possible latitude for inspection. An
inspector \vho finds in any mine or
trol of any engine or boiler used in,
connection with the working of any
mine. Every boiler, must be thoroughly cleansed at least once every .six
months, and every 12 months be sub-,
jected to a hydrostatic test by a .proper and qualified person. Air receivers must be tested' once every year
to one-third over the allowed working
pressure; steam gauges once a year.
No gauge shall be passed which varies more than 50 pounds from the
standard' gauge.
Statistical reports show that during
the last year the cases of sickness and
"accident caused by the nature of- the
employment of workmen ih the United
States totalled 13,400,000, entailing a
wage loss of $366,000,000.
ARTIFICIAL COAL
Prof. Dr. Bergins, of Hanover, claims
to have succeeded' in producing artificial coal, says an exchange. The
process consists in the application of
heat and pressure'to cellulose or to ordinary turf. In nature the coal forming process, took '8,000,000 years-to
complete, whereas Dr. Bergin's process
takes only about eight hours. , He
places his cellulose,in a specially con-',
structed apparatus which permits of
tlie unioiY_df^)ressure_witHnTigirfei__7"
perature.' The cellulose is heated to-
"getheFwlnf"wafer at a pressure of 100
atmospheres and the product cannot,
IL is said, bo distinguished from ordinary hard coal. . - .
JBH
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/    *
Beautiful Large Size Solid Nickel Plated Parlor Lamp
GIVEN AWAY ABSOLUTELY FREE
n i
We are offering our New Brand Kerosene oil which we claim to be the Best Grade of Oil
made yet.   In refining this oil we use a double process, which takes out all bad odors, this oil will
ive a cl ear white Li ht and last longer.
In order to advertise this oil, and get the people of the northwest using our oil, we   ae
going to give away 20Q0 of our new style, large size Nickel Plated Parlor Lamp that stands 24 inches
high and has a large White Dome Class Shade, this lamp gives  100 candle power light and is a
Beautiful lamp for any home and cannot be bought at any store for less than $6,00.
OUR OFFER
Sond us an ordor for ono Barrel of oiiv famous Silver White Koroseno Oil, that holds 42 Imperial gal-
ons or 52 American gallons at 27~^c a gallon, Wc will send you Free ono of our Parlor Lamps as mentioned
above, and if you are not woll pleased with this oil and lamp we will make no charges for what oil you have
 / ,___        used and will refund your money cheerfully.     Wo make
shipments prompt and pack lam]) so it cannot be broken.
We will give away only 2000 of these lamps, so fill out
coupon below and send us your order at once.
i
Kinpiro Oil oo,,
Winnopog, Manitoba.
J_.i_o_u_.ou fjiui jjiii.ou,   i/iuiiHo aomi mo ono barroiot your
KoroHono oil, with whioli I am to receivo ono ot your Parlor
*Lamps FREE with llio .....lorHtniuling if T am not sauisficd,
my monoy will bo returned.
Namo	
Town
Box 2196
Address all orders to—
. »,.!_».._■> __*««, _* ai* ji^l        gf     n <!  5        s        ___(■"&.
jcmpii e un Vs0«,
Winnipeg, Manitoba.
We Pay You $1.50 for Barrel When Empty
."
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^ipvtptmmmw* -_____-
cwjJpaMLW(w*iwwi»W.'iT<i.'iiii *ai»frw*_ pMm
>tiiwiiWi»i "-i~n"Jir-»iriwiiiwi»mntC'ii|jiLl1T'in'^>"**ftiii iTVi I
srrs
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PAGE FOURTEEN
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE,   B, C_, DECEMBER 14,1912.
■y-ySyyt-
•'■ '• ' V7 :'■' -7's    •_.
<;
_<4w Adversary that
Socialists Respect
The following is from a__speech by
the Hon. Charles Russell, son of Lord
RusseU .and a noted Catholic leader
In England:
The first thing we have to consider
is the question, "What is the origin
of the present Socialist Movement?"
It is to-be found in the present deplorable and appalling state of society. "We have, on the one, hand,
prodigious growth of wealth in a few
hands; nearly three-fourths of the
land of England is held by 10,000
people, while 12,00 men own two-thirds
of our industries. Accompanying this
we have amongst the rich an unparalleled growth of luxury and extravagance; on the other side we have a
tremendous growth of poverty and destitution, a want of work and increase
of sweating and misery among tho
poor.
The race is deteriorating, and we
have to admit that out of a population of 45,000,000, 32,000,000 are on
the verge of starvation. We havo the
greater part of tho owners of great
wealth doing nothing to remedy the-
evil condition of the poor. As Cardinal Gibbons has said: "No friend of
his race can contemplate without
painful emotions the heartless monopolists and' the -grasping avarice
which has dried up every sentiment
of sympathy, and the sordid selfish-
,nes9 which is deaf to cries of dis.
tress."
-, . •
Their whole aim is to realize large
dividends, without regard to the
claims of justice and charity,- These
trusts and monopolies, like the car of
Juggernaut, crush every obstacle that
stands in their way; they compel their
operatives to work for starvation
wages, especially in mining districts
and factories where protests are but
a. feeble effort, and are easily stifled
by intimidation.
That is the state of affairs which
has brought about the rapid growth of
Socialistic views, and is it to be wondered at tliat thoughtful men should
seek a new remedy and should have
come to tho conclusion that'the present conditions of affairs must be ended and cannot be mended? Of course,
If "all the world were to live up to
= 'hings of tho Master things
would not be as they exist, but the
human race, boing what it is, a remedy
remains to be found.
I do not for a moment suggest Socialism as the remedy, but this Is
true, I think, that except upon the
lines of Socialism there is $J present
no other remedy proposed. The -bur-
don is upon anybody who denounces
Socialism to suggest an alternative,
but up to the present moment Socialism alone holds the field.
Now, Socialism is denounced by
many of our Catholic priests and
Catholic laymen as something abominable, which no Catholic can support
or tolerate, and Socialists    are ' de-
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN,  Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the; workingman'.s trade
G. A. CLAIR :-: -     • Proprietor
Pianoforte Tuition
Pupils prepared for Academic Examination
1   ,        ,. at reasonable terms ^
J^iss,M,&H,_J^illiafns,^_E,^A._B.,
FERNIE, B.C.
Box 591
BLAIRMORE, ALTA.
"   Care of W. V. Williams
claredto be. fools'.or knayes,- and that
is the attitude which I wish you'to
examine today.- ."',    "•".;,--
Again, I repeat, I am not a Socialist, nut i want to ask you-whether
this, attitude, toward Socialism is
either just or wise?     y % •     i
Its defiiiitiou is well known and admitted: Jt is. "the municipalization of
the sources of production - and dis-
.ribution. or, in'other words, it is a
system' under which the State is to'
OiVi: ai: _he productive, "business and
manufactories in a country, instead of
being, owned as at present,'by a fortunate and favored section of ' the
community.'
Now, in, the first place, a moment's
reflection will at once reveal this:
That Socialism is hot a "thing which
can be brought about by either violence or revolution. Being a state of
affairs' which means a . complete
change in the habits and thoughts of
mankind/ it can only be achieved by
a slow, gradual change. It must bo
accomplished by evolution, not revolution.
In the next place, may I point out
that at first sight, and, indeed, I inay
say at second sight, there is nothing
on the face of that proposition which
is contrary to Christianity or, Catho-
licifim.
Indeed, in this and other Christian
com. tries we have gone a good way
along the road which leads to the ultimate realization of that condition.
The State in different instances owns
telephones, water supply, tramways,
gas supply, telegraphs, the postal
service and the tobacco industry,, and
I must confess I have not noticed' any
material change for the 'better or
worse taking place in the religion or
morals of the tramway officials or the
passengers or of the telephone operators. s!nce those systems have'been
transferred to the state.- In'what,
then, can It be said that Socialism is
un-Chrlstian and un-Cathollc? One
way in which this is endeavored to be
established is the assertion that it
means the expropriation without compensation by the state of'private pro-
pe'rites of individuals, but this is not
necessarily, so,' and the leading So-,
cialist parties of this country do not
advocate for a moment any such proceeding/ They are , in fact, strongly
opposed to it. 'We'have already arrived at the .'municipalization of industries'representing tens of thousands of millions of money without
adopting such a course. ■ But even-
supposing that Socialism-did mean the
expropriation without * compensation
(which it does not),-I am tempted'"t6
ask, is it," therefore, either anti-Christian or anti-Catholic?' It is admitted
->\,L,u.i.-i,iLf2-a\x*'V\7~Lia.a-a.— L-itoLLi,—L\j—L.A.\-'-\iLfy~
perty of the subject, but does not a
tax involve necessarily a right to take,
if it should be for the public good that
tho  property  should  be  taken?   ■ It
is perfectly moral and'' right, to:'.take
^•twentieth part, of a "man's property,
as is-done bj" income tax at-present,
or a .'tenth part, as is done often by
death duties, oi; a fourth; part, as 'is
done 'by,increment tax'. '•' But-if it be
admitted thatit.is right'and. proper to
take a .twentje'th, a tenth,-a fourth for
the good of the State, why" Is,, it un-
Chrlstian and ommoral.'if, the Stato
needs it, to toke the _-whole?.' Where
does virtue-cease and vice.begin? 1
submit -that it .must logically follow
that .the right to tax must necessarily
involve'the right to take.' r- '-, ■,
■■- Test, the matter "in'-another way.
Does anybody, deny the right'of the
state tto insist upon its subjects "becoming soldiers and giving "up their
lives for the good of the State?
, If~^he State can take a man's life
when it is'^for the good of the nation
to do so, surely it has' also the right
to take his property for the same object." Again, I wish to' repeat I am
not a Socialist. I strongly object and
protest against Socialism being fought
upon wrong lines, and' (6 my mind it
is fighting on .wrong llneg to denounce
it on the ground of religious and morality. ■   ' ■ -
■> It Is not- only unfair, fighting, but,
like the rest of unfair'fighting, it "is a
very foolish procedure, because if all
the forces of religion are turned
against Socialism, it will inevitably
follow in course of time that • all
forces of Socialism will necessarily be
turned • against religion, whereas If
Socialism" is met,' as it .ought to be
met, and fought on the battle ground
of economic principles, we^ will,then
be meeting it and fighting it on a fair
field with no .favor.
Of course, I am quite 'aware of- the
argument which will be mentioned
aga'rst me: That 1 should have .referred to the wrlMn j3 and speeches j.
individual Socialises . who • denounce
religion and discburse upon a- grotesque morality of their own. Those
are the views of individual Socialists.
Those views are .to he deplored and
denounced, but they are the views of
individual Socialists. ,
It is a.mere confusion of the very
serious and grave, issues at stake to
rely upon-.them in a.'discussion like
this.   ■ -
It would be as logical to denounce
Liberalism, the Liberal party, because
John Morley is' ari avowed agnostic,
or Toryism because Sir. Balfour to a
large extent shares the same views.
The enemies'.of religion and the enemies' of morality are ;to be found In
all' ranks''and, in .all parties. It'is a
curious thing today that the most violent anti-church politician in France
is also the most violent anti-Socialist
Socialism.'; that,, it r must;necessarily
destory all incentive"ito; effort and. invention. These ,and -kindred'.arguments which it is not our business to,
go into tonight' are those -which are
to be,. employed to battle"' Socialism,
butl protest-most strongly against
fulminations of religious thunderbolts,
even when they are delivered by our
genial friend, .Father .Vaughan, from'a
select platform in • Queen's Hall,- a
duke in the chair and Rothschild's
band discoursing sweet music. Persuasion sometimes- makes converts—
denunciations never.'
Nothing you can say or do will' prevent the mass of.the nation listening'
tb the teachings of Socialism. The
people know and feel the'moral disease from which they are suffering,
and they will listen to all serious people who propose a remedy. They will
listen, too, to you if you are prepared
to show the falseness of the remedy;
but mere wholesale -abuses and denunciation will merely make them
turn away in disgust and.drive them
in the direction from which you wish
to divert them. '
An Important
Decision for
be shipped^, during each;,md__th,77it, has
fulfilled -its'-legal duty,-although, the
car supply may be. wholly inadequate
to meet the demands of _.the trade during the.winter:and- fall months'. • ,We
do not ^agree.. with'counsel.'*..;   ',
',- The court then went oh to elucidate
the. peculiar dependence of coal mines
on shipping facilities and how the failure to have sufficient cars reduces the
market supply and raises the cost to
the ■ consumer.     The oplnion^saicT it
is a-well-known fact.that the demand
for. coal  in; the  fall .and  winter  is
heavier than'' in ..the .summer months,
ano the railroads, will .not be allowed
to plead ignorance of this' fact! ■  .   ,.
',,  The  court, held  that the  "normal
demand is not measured by the number of cars.needed when the normal
demand is least,. but by the number
heeded when the normal demand is"
greatest," and declared from the proof
that the. Illinois'Central did not have
a sufficient supply'of cars to, meet
the normal demand during-the busy
months for  several years, including
1910.   "In failing to have a sufficient
supply   during,the  fall, and   winter
months,  it-committed  a breach    of
duty that It owed the coal company,
thereby becoming liable for damages."
Victory for Mine Operators
Commenting on' the above decision,
the Louisville Courier-Journal has the
following;' 7
, In defining a "normal demand" for
freight cars the Court of Appeals upholds ithe contention of some of the
Western Kentucky coal mine operators
that they have encountered unnecessary _ difficulty in securing cars for
shipping purposes.   -
"The" normal demand," says the
court, "Is not to be measured by the
number of cars needed when the nbr-
■.¥-<'
Best Commercial House y
■\-yyy iii the'Pass \:S ■*-'•%'
.''". ' ' ' _-'       "' ■■-'    ■ ,->'•"
Excellent .Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
and Hairdressing Parlor
Billiards and Pool: X
Lunch Counter
7\
' - y
•f
'ty..
Ben Wallace
Mgr.
Kentucky Court of Appeals Says the
Normal Demand Is to be Measured
When the Need for Cars Is Greatest
and Not when it Is Least, and-Affirms Verdict of Damages Against mal demand is least, but by the num-
the Illinois'Central Railway
icauc.
Now, as I have\said, let us° meet
Socialism-and fight with the proper
weapons. Let us point out the evils
of, Socialism, the impracticability of
 -   -■ "  ■ • > '    -
■ The . duty which common carriers
owe to the. shipping public and tlie
consumers was thoroughly "discussed
in.an opinion delivered by Judge Carroll for the Court of Appeals at- Frankfort, Ky., recently. The opinion was
delivered in.j_f_irn._ng the Union County Circuit Court in the appeal bf the
Illinois Central Railroad Company,
from a judgment awarding $200 dam-'
ages to the River and Rail Coal and
.Coke Company for failure of the railroad to furnish it sufficient cars in
October, 1910, to'handle its output.
; There was, no proof that _ne failure
was due to any-unusual exigency, and
Ihe court in-its opinion summed up
the position held by counsel for the
railroad company as follows:' "As.we
understand the position taken by.coun-
-seI-iWs41_is4^ThaUifia-railrbad-has-a,
sufficient" supply of cars to meet the
demands of the •" coal-carrying trade
during the year, assuming that approximately the same amount of coal, will
her, needed when the normal demand
is greatest." - This opinion was. rendered in affirming, a judgment for damages against the Illinois Central Railroad Company, imposed in the Circuit
court of Union County. The contention
of counsel for the railroad company,,,
as summarized by Judge Carroll in his
opinion, was that "if a railroad company has a,sufficient supply bf cars,
to meet the demands of the coal-carrying trade during the year, assuming
that approximately -the same amount
of coal will be shipped during each"
month, It has fulfilled Its legal duty,
although the car supply may be wholly inadequate to meet the demands of
the trade during the winter arid fall.,"
months."   ;The court does not agree,
with this reasoning. ''     ,   ^.
' "It Is a \vell-known fact" the op1
inion continues, "that the demaad'for,
coal ln the fall'and winter is heavier
than in the summer months, and the
railroads Aviill not,be-allowed to plead,
ignorance of this fact." As a matter
of truth, it would,bo-palpably absurd,
for thev railroads to njake any sucli
plea.-     They, are-fully aware of the''
(Continued on pago 15)
Christmas Flowers from
CAMPBELL'S CALGARY
Today is llio best time to send  In   your  order  for your Christmas
Flora!.   Decorations—wo'll   deliver them any day Chi'lslmius week you
wist), and . > . ,   .   ,
WE   PAY   THE   EXPRESS
on orders of.   ...00 and upwards.      Every  flower we  ship will  reach'
you with the pristine,freshness    of    It's    natural    state
Order bv this Christmas, price llst—-and do lt today.
preserved.
noses, American Beauty... 88-910
■Roses, No,  1, red    :   $7.
-;Roses, No. r. pink and .white 8.1-!.:.
Carnations, No. 1. rod    $3
^Carnations, No. 1, pink & white WS
Chrysanthemums, 1st size .... )*__>
-Chrysanthemums, 2nd size ,. ..,\ *4
Chrysanthemums, 3rd size  .... sjs-
=Rcnuin=lI
 i,_i a
I—." 1 I.W   -. .~L.
Narcissus,  paper  white'    $1
'. Violets, double     .50
Violets, single.:...-.-. .'.   .75
ismllax, per string,'2 yds. long .35-
.Asparagus,  Plutnosa    ;..   .75
-Asparaptus,  SpreiiRerl .'.'.   .50
Holly,"Coast, No. 1 Quality per   - ■
lb.... ;..;.'. ?   $t.
AT1d*1at/i
—_ajiis ■«»'*! ~P®r~* if*    .  , ', . ;■)_•*-
THE CAMPBELL FLORAL  COMPANY
224,   8th   AVENUE,.West,      ',     , ,     CALGARY.
y\-y
v-
>-\
. .(
*'\
i\
X"
ERE it is.    Grasp the Opportunity.    HarvQy Mqrbhy retires from business.
The Frank mines close1 down.     The business section of the town has
to move. The contractor gives us to JANUARY 1st., before he begins operations. We have decided to close up our business in Frank.
Entire stock to bp slaughtered regardless of Xj'os.t. We must immediately turn this fashionable and seasonable $15,000 stock into monoy and
it must bo dono by January 1st. 1913. We ask no profit. The stock must go for what we can realize on it for immediate sale, even to-selling
below cost.    Remember this is no old stock or job lot but bright and new and up-to-date of standard make and quality.
Sale Begins Saturday December 14 and Ends January 1,1913
11 ■        ' ■' ^*S """""^^ ' ■ ■' ■■■■ mmm y ■■■■■■■■■■ min ii ■ ii   n
' ■ I I >      l
A Few Sample Prices of what Goods will be Sold During this Great Closing /Dp Sale
Staple Dry Goods at    Ladies' Boys & Child-     House Furnishings       Men's  Furnishings
Less than Cost
ren's Hose
Ufigulnr  Oloniiitf
Prico   Up Ruin
Price
15c.
_.r>i\
15.\
18 .mill All-J-inon Holler Townllinp .
18 inch Ton Towflllinfc .." •.
!.(] Inch Uwivy KukIIhIi Finn nolo, to .
:l(! inch llcnvy Hm|.Hh1i Klunnelolto, heller ([linlily ••  IHc,
42 Inch Fine Arl MiiMlin  18c.
'.*_» infV ]\wy V..HH. Sr\1.m ?!*.<•
-Jli inch Hh'u.li.'.l Ciivular Cotton •-.. .I.k'.
84 Heavy Hlonclu.il Klieilinit ..••.... 40...
110 inch All li'mon Tnhle l.incn  fific
Oo.
Oo.
10c.
Ilo.
lie.
Ur„
22c.
27c.
3Sc.
at prices that will appeal to you
Regular  Closing
Price Up Sale
Prico
All size* Children'a Heavy AU Wool
HtockingH •• 35c. 10c.
Hoys' Heavy I. .hluul All Wool Hlockings 40c 2Bc.
Hoys' mul flirls' \ and 1 rihhcil, Tine
(I'.mlity < fiOc. 28o.
LariivK' llcnvy HlacU (lashnu-rottc, tim
omilitv   ••                >        . 9iio. 1Rn
fiii'licu' fine Ml Wool .'rmhrnorp  '.Op. 9,l_n,
r.iu.icn' Fine Pen Angle  Brand  cnsli-
Tiu.ro " i"0c. 3(5o.
Our Finest Quality Pen Angle l.rnnd
Bind. CtoHlime. e  fi(V\ 45c.
Under the Knife
Now is the time to buy those Extras
for yonr home at Rock Bottom Prices
Regular Cloning
Prico   Vv Salo
Prico
at prices that talk,     "MEN," Now is
the chance to Save Money,   These
prices touch bottom
Rogulnr
Price
]0 Only, Honvy Morjuoto RugH, 24 x 48
fi Only, JnpanoHO Ruga, 36 x 72	
5 Only, Axminutor Rugs, 27 x 54
fi Only, Heavy Velvet Pilo RugN, fl(l x
la    «iitt«»«t.i»..»     .t**.*!*..!
ri'" Ifi 1 1   T> 1 11    It'll     1
i mutm, otttmitt.u _Wu_.it., _n._i _i.i.c.t.,
3M rianuricKp Wntfl.t-..s 	
7 lh. All Wool Blnnlceta 	
7 lh. All Wool Silver Groy Blankets
7 lh, Tan Tlmlunn Pny Blankets	
Window ShndflH, 3l> x 72, good quality
*2.()0
2.25
:i.50
5.50
i n-
1.75
fl.50
$5.00
7.00
.00
$1.15
1.48
2.10
3.10
.C5
1A0
2.45
2.05
6.25
.40
Men's Full Fleeced Underwear, Pon
Anglo Brand	
Ellin' Heavy All Wool Undorwear....
IIowhoiw' nnd Stanfiold's Underwear
HPKOIATj—Minem' Black Overall....
10 Pairs Men's Heavy Tweed Pants,.
20tlPairs of Men's Fine Winter Pnnts
10 TMyo  n* Mflii'"  Wnn  W.M...V  Potifc
10 Only Moh'b Su5l«, Winter Weight
15 Only Men's Huits, nine patterns,
Winter weight  ••	
35 Only Men's Suits, best tailoring.,,
12 Only, Men's Suits, finest grado ..
.75
$1.25
1.60
1.00
1.75
2.50
12.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
Closing
Up Hale
Prico
' .40
.85
$1,10
,85
1.S5
1.85
91R
7.00
10.40
13.85
18.75
:
GOING   OUT   OF   BUSINESS   ON   JANUARY   1st,   1913
* &ll« for cash only.   Nothing xcut out on approval.
. Your ti.oii.'.y u.fimtUu. if nut. _»;a_-.(_._,.UH,y.
i 8toro open every night from .Sattmlay, December 14th to _Tam.nry Int., KM:)
Attend this .sale and you will not he 'disappointed.
All our stoic fixtures lor Kale
Kxtra fialesmei. wanted.   Apply nt store
Tho balance of our stock of Ui-csHGoodn will goat price*, cut in halt.   Two large piles of rcm-
itai.lt. Ui chou.se from.   .Some of them will be sure to miff yon.
Throe largo table* of MonV, Hoys', Children's and Ladies Boots and Shoes at prices that will
astonish you.   Do not miss these. ........        ,. _ .•.
JJo not forgot ourimtirc «tock is thrown in this sale.   Positively nothing resorved; everything
must go undcV the hammer.
r mmmm
if   '.•-•'
r
<A
a,. -■
l vl    .«
75-
\L7^
THE DISTRICT; LEDGER, FERNIE,   B.C.,. DECEMBER 14,1912,
'•ft   ,'*-■?■
PAGE FIFTEEN
l;|ioB^8ls.|iKt4
ipimTi^&Tflfll Meritsof
6L.V*.—LIMITED —     i3M
ffiL'V*.—LIMITED
jsso.3To ccRicsAnn'-iCOl
. Beware of
':   -
" Imitations
Sold
v>,.,. ..„..   Minard's
•SHU Liniment.'.
on the
Passburg
Hotel
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
/
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Professional Mid-Wife
■When"-in" Spokane," see; Dr.'Mary
Swartz, Specialist in Feinale Troubles.'
"•.Expert- confinement'- cases; , gopd
home for patients?. "-"[• ■•'■7.' y   ■ ■
Di. Mary Swartz
Galena Biy Room 5, Post and Riverside, Spokane,, Wash." '
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
'  - "    Gents' Furnishings
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH   AT   HOSMER,   B.C.
"I Can't Quit"
Is   the   cry   of.the   Drinking   Man—
Neal Treatment Is the Help he Needs
"   Ethical aid which takes away liquor
appetite—Given at the Neal Institute.
THE NEAL INSTITUTE
Mrs.   EDITH   BENT,   Manager."
Cranbrook, B.C.
,Box 325. Phone 273
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable French reicuUto'r; ucver falls. These
pills nre exceedingly powerful In regulating the
Reiterative portion of the lemnW system. Kefuso
till chenp Imitations. Dr. doVan'n nre sold nt
Mi a box, or three for 110. Mailed to nny ncldte*a.
"_.__• ScobeU Drajr Coi, St. Catliarliiei, OnU
Southern
H OT'E'L
BELLEVUE, Alberta
Every
convenience
and
attention
Moala that tasto liko
inotlior uso.. to cook
Best in the Pass
Joi. Grafton, Proprietor.
DALLAS
One of the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
1clcto'1i'6rfc'fi1tirlc1ticiiif-ii"i?1cirkiric1( trkifit
S(|jin(;ger^
w* E WI N G    5
MACHINE   CO I
WM.     BARTON
Aerent ' Fernie   Branch
£ Pellatt    Ave.    North
Maple Leaf i
ICE CREAM   AND
CONFECTIONERY
PARLOR
1*1
Coleman, Alta.
Central location, close  to
.. Football grounds and   .
Tennis Court,
When in Coleman give us,
a call
Good assortment of candies
and fancy boxes
ICE CREAM
SOFT DRINKS
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
>
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
IF
M t
hi.
w
__iiU.
•4
m
■Wi
I 1
II
1.163
[ 2
$19
Ll
' 1.2227
m
1887
2D33
•2877
tm
1126
,W8
2314
1263
11 )m
.8137
1058
iW
IU
li
1180
il
2839
/f_
1134
2352
;*M»
l»fc»
I    '
109
List of Locals District 18
n Brothers
Slavonian
SLABIKAR   .SOCIALISMU
.   A.   Co je socialist? .        " ''•
Z. Socialist je humanaa by tost', ako
1 yy-     ■■..''     ' ;.-.'       -." >. •
A.   Co-chcu socialisti robit'?
Z. Co chcu" socialisti rSHRDLUU
^Z. Socialisti chcu to robif, io vsetho
sa i dnes k udrzaniu - zivota musi ro.
bit'—orat' zem,' sia.', zat, . pestovat'
zivotne potreby .nn .farme, dochova-
vat' a porazat' dobytojc a docjavat' na
ti'h'raaso, pracovat' a vies..', fabriky a
bane,, viest' premal-ovy system (zelez-
nlce, lode atd'.)
A. Ako chcu toto' vSetko socialisti
viest' a robif?     •<- '
Z. Socialisti .nienla toto viest' tak,
ako je to vedene a ako sa robi dues
s dodatkom, ze jestii nieco bsoznej-
sieho, noveiio sa zavedie, bude prljate.
A. Tak aky je teda rozdlel medzl
terajSim kapltallsticlcym sysi.en.om a
socialisniom?
Z. Dusou rozdielu je vlastnictvo v
naradi s strojov k dorabaniu prostried-
Ipv- a tychiSe podelenle. Socialism
Zlada, aby nastroje a s^roje It dorabaniu, a podelenie prostriedkov bolo vSetko vlastnene spolocne, vsetkymi l'ud'
mi, namiesto ako teraz, kde toto vSetko vlastnia jednotlivci a korporacie.
_\. Pre5o chcu socialisti nastroje a
strqje na dorabanie a tie_s rozdel'ovanie
zlvotnych potrieb,. aby toto vSetko bolo
vlastene kollektivne, spolofine, miesto
jednotlivcami-.alebq kompaniami? " ;
■ Z. Ponevac ■ je vlastnene" individual-
ne (jednotllvcami), a kropocaciami
ygetko, nastroje! stroje, givotne potreby, ich .rozdel'ovanie, —'_5eleznice,
lode, sklady, pristavy atd'.—nasled-
kom tohoto onl maju tu moc, £e mo2u
okradat' robotnu triedu o vySe tri
stvrte nou' vyrobenych prostriedkov.
. Mieni socialism rozdelit' bohatstvo teraz jestvujuce medzi vSetkych
l'udi?    '
Z. Socialism nemieni a i.echce de-
llt' ani za;hodnotu jednoho dollara z
bohatstya alebo" CohokolVek ineho me-
]dzi l'udi; alebo medzl .'stu Cast' l'udi.
Socialism chce..'znicit alebo odstranit'
dneSny system (sustavu), pod ktoryin
jednotlivci donucuju vSetkych' farme.
rov, mechanikov. banikov, teda ceiu
robotnicku '"triedu, delit', sa s nepra-
cuju'clmf jednotllvcami a oddat' im
viae ne?,li tri Stvrte zo" svojho zarobku,
,vyrobeneho  ich  ylastnymi rukami  a
vaCSine. ktorej sa bude„muset' kaidy
podrobit', slovom bude to zakonne, a
tomu zakonu sa dozaista kazay byde
muset, prdoobit'u24 preto, lebo bude
spravodlivy. Preco nie? Ve^ dnes
sa musime spokojit'-* nespravodlivym,
podelenim' len preto,' ze tak zakon
kaze. Slovom. o to nech je najmen-
Sia starost', ktora bude hraCkou vtedy,
ked' socialism obsiahne vacginu hla-  grande e piccola in avvenire, e il par-
La. vittoria del.partilo democratico
e stata il principio della sua fine.
Dopo quattro anni di esperienza demo-
cratica,,il popolo americano' avra im-
parata un'altra lezione., Le loro pro-
messe fatte agli elettori, di eliminare
i trusts, e di ribassare le.'<tarlffe doga
nali non le potranno mantenere perche cio' non dipende dalla volonta dl"
un uomo o di pochi,' ma hensi dipende
dai grandi interessi" che in re'alta saranno ancora loro che governeranno la
nazione.
II. partito che e deslinato a rappre-
sentare  gl'interessi   della   borghesia
kfvopotne:      ' ;     ~   "
- A. ' Ako toto sociansti chcu previ-
est'?-''   ,',..,
Z. Celym 1'udstvom,; alebo spolocn-
ym' vlastnictvom strojov vyrobnych a
podelenim bohatstva, alebo blahobytu,
ktore, robotny■-.l'ua\ vytvonije. - Bez
lastnenia'"-individualneho. vlastnlctva
strojov vyrobnych a Vozdel'ovania blahobytu kapltallsticka trleda nebude
mat* mod'okradat' robotnu triedu a
budo tnuset' svoje Slvobytle vyhl'nda-
vat' tioz neakou u21tocnou pracou.
• A. Ako soclallsti myelin, 2e veroj-
nosf alebo l'ud.mo2e obsiahnut' stroje vyrobno a ine, Co' teraz zakonne
prinalozl kapitalistickej triode.
Z. Toto ma provlcat* zakonita va-
ecfiina l'udu. L'ud xiomoJS© prevziat'
fabriky, bnno, dielno, ioleznlco a lno
uiltofinostl k Zlvotu a okonomlCnej
svobode potrobne a blahu l'udstva, 60
vSelW teraz zalconno pntrl kapllalla-
tlckoj trlcdo, kym robotny l'ud noob:
slalino tu vacSlnu. hlnsov, ktoru dues
dostavaju,kapitalisti, a potom nebude
zf.lo-.at' na torn, ani sa nomoJe ur6Ite
].ovednt' Voporud, alto na tento prov-
rnt prevodlo; vtody.lo budo y mod toj
sov k odstraneniu nioderneho otroctva
okradania a neznesitel'neho systemu,
ktory dues nad uami panuje.
A.' Pozbavi socialism maleho farm,
era 0 jeho domov a pripravi ho.o jeho
zem ?
Z. Nie. Socialism neodoberie ani
piad' zeme od Ciadneho Cloveka, i ked'
by hned' vlastnil million akrov. Toto
.treba mat' na zreteli: Ziaden Clovek
neniozo obiobit' jeden million' akrov
zeme ri uvodu sobrat' a spotrcbovat'.
majitel' bude muset' pribrat' ppmoc,
robotnikov. a pod socialismom, kod'
kazdy Clovek obdrzi celu hodnolu svo-
jqj prace, ktora nebude rozhodne men-
Sia siestich dollarov na den, kazdy
Clovek, vlnstniaci viae zeme; noBli Co
bude noct' obroblt' a viest' i so svo-
jou rodinou, bude teda muset'; zaniest-
nat' pribratych l'udi, ktorl ale nebu'du
natol'ko hliipi, aby nieltomu pracovali
lacnejsie, ked' o^i budu moct' $G zaro-
bit' v inej Industry—teda, vel'ky farmer bude muset' platlt' robotnikom plat,
rovnajuci sa zakonom ustalenemu, lep-
sie povedano. celu hodnotu nim vytvo-
renej prace. V kratkosti: , Bohacl
pozemkov nebudu moct' dlho oberat'
robotnikov, a samo sebou budu donu-
tenl zvySnu zem ktoru "nebudu moct'
sami s rodinou obrobit', adviest' statu.
..Slovom', ka?.dy Clovek bude mat'
zaistenost' na zlvobytie i s jeho rodinou, a viae Bladen "Clovek ha svete
nepotrebuje. Dnes my chudaci ne-
mame niC,len preto, lebo niekol'kl bo-
haci maju ohromne viae, neZll'no-.u
spotrebovat', a o to, Co'lm zbytoCne
zvySuje, chce' ich socialism prlpravit'
cestbu zahonnoiu. ',
Socialism je vedecky system, chrani.
aci od okradania jednoho Cloveka dru-
hym Clovekom o ovocie jeho prace.
■ Jestii vam niekto nahovori nieCo ineho o socialisme, nesrovna vajuceho sa
s bodmCy tomto Clabikari ten Clovek
je neobznameny s naukou socialismu,
alebo je jeho nepriatel'om. _ - -
Robotnici celeho sVeta, spojte sa,
vy nemate Co.ztratit', len vaSe okovy,
obsiahnut', ale mozete cely svet! -
tito progressista, che naeque con uno
scopo  e  dovra  servire  per  Un'altro,
perche il partito repubblicano con la
sconfitta toccata nelle passante elez-
ioni si puo' dirlo ora eliminato dail'
orizzonte politico, e il  partito democratico in quattro-anni di amminislra-
zione sara in completo fallimento per
j le medesime cause che feeero fallire il
I partito- repubbycano, e cioe la divis-
ione  fra  progressisti 0  conservator],
I divislone, inevltabile tenuta flnora in-
! sieme per la prospettlva della vittoria,
ma che sl scatenera causa l'impotenza
sua  dl  rimediare  alle  attuall  condizioni.
II, partito progression e destinato
duniquc di affrontare nella lotta pre-
sldenzlale del l(_i20 la potente organiz-
zazione socialista la quale sara alia vl-
gilia della grande vittoria. La,lotta
di classe che manifest;, ora cosi acuta
nel suo campo economieo, trovera il
suo epilogo nell'agone . politico. Due
saranno i partiti, como. duo sono le
classi social!. ■ Da una parte tutti i
grandi e piccoli capitalist! con tutto il
loro seguito fra perto, avventurierl;
e la caterva'di operai ancora con gli
occhi ben dati, imbecllll, e stranfughi.
Dall'altra tutto l'elemento mlglioro
della classe operaia e della classe pro-
fessionlsta che anela ad una societa
mlgliore, alia liberta economlca. Nel'
cozzo dl questa grande lotta il partito
socialista uscira il vittorioso, perche
l'avvenire e dei lavoratori.
In'marcia dunque, compagni^operai
che la nostra meta non e molto lon-
tana. ' Ayanta—Sempre Avanti — i
nostri sforzl saranno presto coronatl
dal successo.
Thus the British navy already has
sea-going ships in hand in which the
new system of propulsion is being fitted, and preparations of large stores
of oil _it inland-places, to be connected
with The coast by means of pipes.-
Although this year's battle ships are
to-be propelled by coal and steam,'it
is most likely that those to be authorized , in.the next programme will '.3
not merely oi'..burning, but oil engln-
ed vessels.'
IMPORTANT DECISION
FOR OPERATORS
(Continued from page 11)
COAL STILL USED
IN BRITISH NAVY
Italian.
situation in this respect and cannot
fail to appreciate the tremendous handicap imposed on the mine operators
by a failure to deliver cars in sufficient number to allow of shipments
being made promptly.
It is easily possible for a mining
company to be put out of business
by the juggling of the car supply. In
tho particular case decided there
seems to have been no charge of unjust discrimination, but there have
been complaints long and loud from
Western Kentucky operators to the effect that thc railroad company has
given them "tbe worst of it" in rates
and in car supply, and thus has shut
them out of markets to which in tho
nature of things they should have an
entry and a fair fighting chance for
business. The decision of the Appellate Court appears to provide a remedy for eccentricities of car supply
and to that extent is an important
victory for the mine operators; With
a better adjustment of rates, which
it is hoped to secure at, an early date,
there will be no serious obstacle to industrial .progress In that promising section of the Western Kentucky coal
field.
When you can own
your own home? *
We have for sale
Lots in t<iwn and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit'your income.
Call and see us.
Coleman
Realty Co.
.AGENTS FOR      '
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
COM MENTO ALL A PIU GRANDE
""DELLE VITTORIE SOCIALISTE'
NAME SEC. and P. O. ADDRE88
Ilnnkhend F. Wheatley, Itankliead, Altn.
Uetiver Creek U. Korap, Heaver Creek, via Plncher
-.nii«_.u« J-uuu» fiurko, liox ..6, lJollovuo. Altn,
fllalnnore  W. I.. Kvut.», Walimons, Alia.
n««*>«» J. I>crl>T*h.ro, Durrals, Alta.
Cnrbondttlo J. MltcboU, Urbondalo, Colomnn, Altn.
Cnnmoro  NT. D. Tbnoliuk. Cnnmoro, Altn,
Colcmnn..  W. Qrnhnm, Coleman, Altn.
Corbln  J. Jonos. Corbln. R.C,
Chinook Mlnon .... J. Snntonl, Chinook MlnoH, Altn,
Dlnmond City Albert Znk, Dlnmond City, Lothbridgo,
Fertile  Thon. Uphill, Fernie, U. C.
Frnnk Kvnn Morgan.. Frn 11k, AHn.
...oumcr ,, W, nctde.n tone, Uoawc., Fl. C,
HUlcrost    George I. amborough, Hillcroit, Alt*
U.Ub.Ulnu h. Moot*),     ,,'H, __.fc.U A.fhuw, Kuril. [_«iUv'urldH«.
Utbbrldge Collieries Frank Ba rlnghatn, iec* via., Klpp, AJtn,
Maple Leaf....... Robert Taylor, Maple Lej.. riellevue. Alta.
Michel......:.... M. Darrell, Mlebel, B. C.
Paaaburg  A, Zoikar, Pnnnbiirg, Altn.
Ro;ral View Geo. Jordan, Koyal Colllerlea, Lethbridge, AHa.
TaUr...,......... A. PaUftiao u. TiiLuv, Allt_.
Taber..,,......... Ww Fwayth Taber, AUa.
If you were told of a new
discovery tor the treatment of
coughs, colds and bronchitis,
as certain in its action on all
chest troubles ns anti-toxin ls
oh diphtheria, pr vaccination on
small-pose, wouldn't you icel
like giving it a trial? Especially
if you couti try lt for fiity cents I
Peps is the discovery I
Pepi nro llttlo I1.M0U, nontly wnn*
nod iu nlr and gorm-proo. ailvord.il.
Th-jr oonUin curtain ii.d_IIoIii._1 ingro<
dlant., which, wlmn ptivoad uj>on ilia
tonuue, immoiilatuly turn into vapour,
ana era at onoe broatliod down the air
pacKagei tothe lm%*. On their Journoy,
tbey aciotbe the iuflamerl and irrluuid
membranea of the broiiohUl tulxw, the
dolloitte wdlli of tin air paiingoit, and
ftiwlly enter and enrry relief aiiuh«»llnf{
to the eaplllario. and tiny air anon In the
lungt. <
fn a wonl, whila nn liquid or .nliil
ean gat to the In g_ and air jw-ianu..
ilji'titf rt'jiD Jiiwi'141'i'l. tlidi'i' dSiHl, mul
at onrn eommona* tliolr wnrk «f honlliitj.
I'epeare entirely dlniott from tha
eld fwhiflwd lie _ikl wnjh aire*, which
aremerelyawalfowod Into the itomKeh,
and new teach the langa. Pepi tr«at«
wwnk of wwffha^ind cnlila is dir*rt tmiit.
ment.
If yon have net ytUrlrd Ptpi, out
out thia artlrle, write acr.«« it
the name and date ol tliii pitier,
and mall it (with lo.' lUmn to
pay return potlago) toPvpi Co.,
Toronto, A free trial picket
will than   be  atnt   you,
Non ya dubblo. II Socialist Party e
stato il solo.partito chojisci jittqrloso
nello passate ,elezibnr. '•> Nessun' par-'
tlto socialista al mondo puo' vantave
al suo attlvo una simile vittoria. Le
prime cifro ufficiali dei voti rlportatl
dal socialisti indicaho cho s^no molto
tli piu' dl quelli ann'urizlatl sublto dopo
lo olezlohl, e 11 totale del voti social-'
istl." glcrera ' attorno' al milione. ■ In
tutto le locallta sono rtumentatl, in
certo tlupllcatl, e in altro triplicate e'
laddove 1 cttntlldati nostri avevnno
dollo probahillta di riuscita, i partiti
bor_.li© al, 0 clundostiuamente, a apor-
tamento sl sono unltl por sconflggerli.
Se sl cohsldora attontamonto lo condizioni in cui sl svolgova la lotta, il
rlsultnto dl un milione di voti socialisti costltulsco una dello plu' grosso
vlttorle che mal partito Boclnllstn abbia ottenuto,
Prima dl ogni altra cosa va considerate lo stratagomnia dol grandi In-
toreBBl dl Wall St.,-nol prosontaro la
candldatura di T, Roosevelt con iin
programmn radlcallssimo, In gran
parto rubato paragrafo per paragrafo
al programma minlmo dol nostra partito, col proclub 0 bon doflnlto scopo
1.. "Stoara Out" 11 movimonto social"
ista, Con un talo programma <_ col
millonl dl Porklnn crodovano dl far
faro a] nostra partito In flirura cho
foce il PopuliBt Pnrty con ln candldatura dl Dryan nel '00.
Mnlgrado I mlllonlv dl dollarl mal*
grndo l'lnoondlzlonuto nppogglo dolln
ChloHa Cattollca cho ufflclalmonto
uhcI contro con tutti I mozzl nl Social-
iBt Pnrty, malgrado In non pocn renin tno 0 II Hontlmonto dl Hlmpntla oho
Htigc.lto' rattontato dl quoi mattoldo
contro ln vita dl HoohovoU, mnlgrailo
tutto rpiowlo I voti Bonlallatl Bono du*
lillcatl In <|iiattro mini.
hn cnmllflnttirn dl RoorovoU in voeo
cho nuooore nl noBtro partito, fu bono-
flcn 0 Fmltitnro porcho lo abnrii'/iio' da
qtiolla za vorra rolcdnddKCd x j
nuella znvorm rndlco-rilantropn, idoul-
lata cho lmpo diva 11 buo rcalo progros-
«o. Coloro cho votnrono por II„ non-
tto pnr tlto nono uominl 0 donno
CBcWmti 0 sul quail 11 partito puo* con-
tare Uu cacrclto dl un milione mc-
rolto In miRll« <.1f»Klftnl, n im «*»«rcHr»
che non IndletrcRgora davnnti n qunl*
The' British Admiralty is not yet
ready to follow the lead of the United
States Navy Department by adopting
oil entirely as-the fuel "to be used
instead of coal, in the latest battle
ship." ,      - ' (1-
™Aith"ough"reports"Ir_cve^^^
the contrary, tliere is tlie highest authority for the statement that the four
armor-clads authorized this year, one
of which was laid down at Portsmouth
last week and another of which will
be^begun soon on.the slip from which
the Marlborough, was launched at
Devonport recently, will burn coal like
their predecessors, but a certain quantity of oil also will be carried.
There ls a very good reason for Jhis
course. British sources of oil supply
do not at 'present compare with those
which tho American government has
at Its disposal. As regards quantity,
only about 1,000,000 o_ the' 40,000,000
motrlc tons ot oil produced annually
is obtained from British torritory,
whilo in regard to situation tho grentor
part of this million tons comes .from
outsldo tho British Isles, and its use
by ships at hon_o therefore ralBos important questions of transport and stor
ngj}. Tho Admiralty is not yot in a
position to copy tho action of tho American Bureau of Steam Engineering,
which recontly announced that nearly
thlrty-Hovon acres of oil lands in California had boen reserved for tho exclusive ubo of tho United States fleet.
On tho othor hand, thoro aro valu-
nblo ooal resources In Ore/it Britain
which aro cortnln not to bo nbandonod
lightly, lt would ho absurd to surrender thorn at proiient nnd thon to
ubo oil only an fuol, Thoro could
not bo any gain by doing bo, for tho
much grontnr cost of tho oil would
outweigh tho advantngos to bo dorlved
from thu smaller quantity or tho ro-
dticod coRt of personnel. It has recently been stated that tho coat of
oil ns compared with that of coal Ib
In tho proportion of flvo to two. Tho
quantities'of conl and oil roqulrod
for tho Bamo work nro In tho proportion of throo to two, while tho cost of
tho porsontiol required with conl nnd
oil Ih tho proportion of throo lo two
nlao,
Thoro will he ndvuntngofl to a much
greater dogreo when oil can bn UH^d
In nn Intomnl cdnihimtlon englno of
HUfflclont power to drive n 1mltin Hhlp,
when it lias «uporHuilcd not only conl
Imperial Bank of Canada
, HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Subscribed'..       6,000,000       Capital Paid Up ;.'.'.       6,460,000
Reserve "Fund-         6,460,000       Total Assets-     '72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT jAFF_RAY, Vlco-Prea.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelaon,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
>■       • " SAVINGS DEPARTMENT y
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
:    FERNIE BRANCH ' GEO. I. B. BELL, Manaoer ..
CE. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Busi-
_ r
""" ness and Residential property
THE
ORIOINAL1 QKyl
CHAHTEH I OOH-
PERSONAL RESERVE FUNDS
' \
V . ,     • \ 1
A savings nccoui-U ntlio bank is a Koservc fund thnt mny be conveniently drawn upon in limo of distress, or whenever the opportunity
arises to tako advantage of somo promising investment. Establish
your reserve fund with tho Home Rank. Full compound interest
paid on savings deposits of ono dollar and upwards.   •
Head
Office
Branches and connection*
throughout Canada,
J. T, Macdonaid, Manager. Fornio,
TORONTO
but Btcnm ns well. To thin'.ond.tho,
UrltUh Admiralty In mnklng constant
tt'HtH and uxporlhiuuu. It Iuih ulrondy
Introduced Dloeol oil engines Into dCH-
troyor, tho Hardy, which wnn launched
Itv Mf(.nr» Thorn ft virnft iSn Octnhor
U, nnd thong., tho now machinery iri
limine uott-lco, 0 un GHoretto nllonnto'only for cruising purpose*, turbines!
alio bnttagllo doH'omanolpnilono che ..mini; fitted for the higher apoedn, |
NERVOUS, LIFELESS
DEBILITATED MEN
dn ora In uvunii mnrceriw n it_it.nl dit
Kl«nnto vergo la vittoria fInnlo,,
Due Boll Partiti • un Solo Problem*.
J.n lotta proflidonxlnlo del 11.10 nl
mvolKorn indubblnmento in oondlxionl
houio iiiiportnnt Information can bo ob-
tnlnod from Itn working*.
A furthw uton in thi» *nm«» direction
In tlio decision to wiulp tho WW oil
cnrrlrr juat ordered with Internal comt-
plu' vnntflRglOBO por 11 noBtro^pnrtlto, jbustlon ciiRlnon only.    The prlnclpnl
p con quattro nnnl dl proRiindn, dl
educntlono o dl orgnnUwulono, o destinato a roddopplnro so non trtpllrarc
1 »tiio( voti, d 11 Ktovno in .ul 11 Hiul.ii-
lit Forty avra rnRRlunto quel la rlfrn
di vuti, i tmrlltl l>o.Kh<*«i. ho vorrnnin)
vrsaol will ho built by Meows, VIckors,
nnd In intended to rtirry clKht thou-
wand tonn of fuel oil. Thorn will bo
i au i.syni'.v, *_,»•_! 1 v>lih 1 \y,> t jIUhI^va,
as wns stntnd In thc ICuropenn edition
nt tl,.- liiMuld on  .Mo'iivi'
i'.i,      'i'vto
tnnnttnersl al potero dovrtnno fomta-1 othor1 oil carrier*, to h(» cnlled thej
m«nt_i unltsl al dl sopra dello loro \\\<r- . I*c*rol and ^thit Carol, are about to be*
colo dlfforonxo d'lntaroial.' I alntoml j built nt Dcsvonport dock yard, and for!
di quo atn grande ftislone al manifesto-! purpose* of compnrattvo W'hIk one will;
1 ono dl^la, In mlnlatura, In <\u<\ iob,- driven by Internal .■omtnintion mo-,
luu.UU uvw ll iMi*UtoVis>tU9 .ll»iM.iifc>*  V»'*» uud Um ulhur by ...l^u Ui_.il.lu-,
dt una forca non trateanbtUi. |ery. -   )
■i\miY
..YOUNO MRN AND MIDDL&ACep MEN.
Uio^loilfiisoftuirlK liiill_cniij.)n» miirifttorojc
co.whk, wno ni'O fiillui'L'H In llfu-yn.i nro tlio
onoHwis c.in riuiluro to innnli(K><l hihI ravlvo
tho ,pnrl( rif. n_rny ami viuillty, iMn't vlvti
iin In Umpiilr l«ciui«o you Imvo (rental with
otliur doc toi t, iiuml Diuuirlo bolU uuil triud
Tftiiuui driiK ><toro im.truiiw.
Our N»w Mtlhod. Tr«»lni«ii« hai. nmtth«l
'cd»rr<
» Mtlhod. Tr««lm«nl   .
 rmm Uio brink of tl&iuilr, Iiu n-
Kinri'il hBppliir>n<i In IumhIiwU or hmtw* snu
cdlcs for each linlWMimi ratto AccorUliiR to tho
symptoms snd comiillMtlnm-wB h«»o no
iiumlrcjii
tms nisdsiiuco«Hfq mon ot tliow who men
'Mown and mil," wo prfMritm Kiwelflo nm-
..,_.. 1._..-,■ -,)fftr —•- .f—
     ...   .. Jlcnt. ...  _ .
patent miwllclnss. II1I1 Isonn of tlm wcratsol
our wfln'lerfiilsiiMMtMa* our treatment c»u-
notfAll, fnrwrtpwwrlliflri'medlni ndAptmt to
Nicli lndlvldunl com. Only ourstila cams iu><
mipfit. Wa likv* dont buiincM thrautMBl
Canada fer or ar 80 Yt ar _•
'   :'CW.».5!i CAtM CV.W_.JTH3
OR NO PAY
\M yeu n vWlmf tlnw ywi 1«rt
wM AM y-m »m*njluit(0 ri.ft.ry.
Iiu your uioui) boen illxawxlr Have you an,'
ncaVoiMt Our "     -- -   -—
eurayou.' WIirI
do tor you. Coaiulitilsn Prta.   No matter
wlio hus ireaiod you, wrlto for on bonoH
"Jicty.iOM.tWanlirxN., KMlierbood." (aJustnrt'
ed)uo UieaseioOIea.
mt^'i
lini rtonafor oiticrait will
'X
'I
ll
NO NAMES USED WmiOUTWMTTWI CONSENT. Ne namaien Uf or Mtnfc
ffibJCl&n QiiMUeaUttaMiOMl of Ttaelmtnt l-KEli FOR HOIlS
DnskENNEDr&KENNEDY
Cor. Michigan Ave. and Griswold St, Detroit, Mich.
IMHMPMtoll fflTI f* V m ^lUtrt from Cnnndft must lie addressed
|H^HV llllli to our Canadian Concspondcnce .Depart-
•■ m Wmwmmmmmm tnent in Windsor, Ont, If you desire to
see us nernoiuilly all at our Medical Institute in IMrolt as we see and treat
»• pedants in our Windsor ofllcef which are for Correspondence and
laboratory for Cuiwdlan buBinrss only. Address all Utter* aa follows:
DRS. KENNEDY A KENNEDY, >Vlnd«r, Oat
Jtfiito toe <wr yvivato ikUrata.
.*>S
'      I ■jCf-^V^ipgfc-i-fr-ttac^-ieH.wicto^tas'
^^**v!a*MS'*s=^^
_1 ""i "i _. ;
.;-.'.■
. ^
PAGE SIXTEEN
THE DISTRICT'LEDGER, FERNIE,yB. C.< DECEMBER 14,1912.
<-
Some Happenings
Now at Girard
By A. M. Simons
The battle-line of the class struggle
is a long one: It is as long as the
Equator or any of the meridians. ' But
always at any given moment there is
some point along the battle-line where
the assaults of the enemy are most
fierce and where a desperate effort is
being made to drive back the working class forces and capture some important otitpnst tliat has been gained
only by hard fighting.
At the moment when this is written
that critical outpost seems to be locat- j
ed in Girard, Kansas. Here, at this
moment are gathered greater.capitalist forces in more open hostility than
have ever been assembled at one
place and time in this country.
. There is an easy explanation of this
massing of the forces of greed.   With
''the election just passed this locality
became the contro of forces most dangerous to capitalism. The,, comparisons I nm about to make are in no
sense intended to reflect upon other
localities, because I know that each
section presents its own difficulties.
But only by^such comparisons can the
condition here be visualized.
In' this congressional district there
are over 3,500 members of the Socialist Party. That is a larger membership than is to be found in Greater
New York, Chicago or in any two
other cities combined. This organization reaches out into almost every
school district. It embraces nearly
every post office and every mining
,camp, in the counties of Crawford and
Cherokee, which are nearest to=Girard.
This membership has been growing
rapidly since election.
During the campaign this territory
was covered as I believe no similar
extent of territory has even been,
covered by, Socialist campaigners.
F. very voter who would receive the
Apreal was placed upon the subscription list of that paper for more than
a year before election.' Practically
every voter was visited over and over
again by distributors of other literature.
For weeks prior to election the district was covered with Socialist speak
ers, while for., months before moving
picture outfits and regular organizers
, were travelling into every nook and
corner. During the las*' week of the
campaign every important place had
_me___ti_ngs___evei'v nighl,_aiul^tlie_h_all__.
I' have ever met, and throughout the
campaign he served .without a cent of
salary, and seldom worked less than
sixteen hours.
The result of the election was a fitting reward for such work. Two' members of the legislature, one member pf
the State Senate, almost every' official in Crawford County and probably
a hundred" towship officers ware victorious from tlie Socialist ticket.    ,
This result brought a nation-wide
fight to a focus on Girard. All the
rage of the Federal Court ring, .the
.Leavenworth Penitentiary ring, and all
the, other forces that have good reason to hate Socialism and the Socialist papers that go out .from Girard,
now sounded a general rally for the attack.
If is hard to undcrsand that such
a nation-wide conspiracy can exist in
this country. But the evidence,is conclusive that the fight upon the Appeal
to Reason is directed from Washington, and that the great capitalists and
their political tools have come to believe that if they can succeed in damning at its source the flood of Socialist
literature that flows out from Girard
that they will have struck Socialism
a vital blow.
Today this little Kansas town
swarms with spies. Some of these
are so clumsy and so well known that,
they are the butt of,the village wits.
Some of them are so ostentatiously
stupid that there is reason to believe
thoy are but blinds for other shrewder
ones. Recently a Socialist of several
years standing, Comrade A. W. Lovejoy, who had had a business disagreement with Comrade J. A. Weyland,
and was therefore thought to be susceptible to approach, was commissioned as one of these, detectives. After
penetrating as far as possible into the
plans of the enemies of the Socialists
he brought all his information back to
the victims of this persecution.
He says under oath that a certain.
Joseph Pompeney, a Catholic priest
of Pittsburg, is the leading local figure in this conspiracy,' and that this
priest boasts of having been tbe inciting force behind the U. S. District Attorney in procuring, the indictments
against the Appeal editors and publishers. Comrade Lovejoy swears
that Pompeney claimed to be working
under the direct orders of^ higher
iLhurdL-0ffi-.iaI^__andI_Lhp__ve_d_jthat_he
allied anti-Socialist; forces seemed -to
he roused to "ja"perfect frenzy." New
indictments for an offence for which
they had already b'een^ tried before
a hostile judge (on contempt charges)
and acquitted "were,, brought against
Comrade Debs, Warren-and Shephard,
and locally Pompeney at, once launched a vicious anti-Socialist crusade.
That this crusade is by no means a
purely Catholic affair Is seen by the
strange bPd-fellows it has brought together. For the first time in the history of religious sects in this country
a Catholic" clergyman, this same Pompeney, has "joined a Protestant' ministerial alliance, that of Pittsburg/ Kansas. He ■ did this only after every
Protestant minister in Pittsburg had
agreed to join him in his anti-Socialist
crusade and to preach an anti-Socialist sermon in the near future. So
we have tlie striking picture of religions solidarity to defend the corrupt
bpx-degenerates of the Leavenworth
Penitentiary and the owners of murderous coal mines, and a foul Federal
judiciary. •',
But religious differences and political antagonisms are not all that have
been united in- this gathering of the
vultures of capitalism.' There is a
little Democrat paper in Girard whose
editor is not only a very prominent
I Methodist, but Is also a very exalted
member of the Masonic order. Since
election he has been visiting Father
Pomeney each Aveek to receive copy
for a special series of anti-Socialist
articles and he announces tliat henceforth his paper will be devoted to the
one task of crushing Socialism, a de-..
claration that is certainly not without
its humor, but which is significant as
showing that'when capitalist plunder
is endangered Catholicism,. Protestantism and Freemasonry have no difficulty in reconciling their disagreements.
- So from every point of the compass,
geographical, political, judicial and religious the assault Is now centering
upon the comrades at Girard. There
is a determination to stop' the outpouring of Socialist literature from
here, and to crush'those,whom it is
thought are responsible for that' outpouring. This is a crisis that, should
be a call to action from every Socialist.
yy •"■ .;■-:.' ^y y;;y.   .,-.   -
M^onien M^pr
(By  W.  Freeman'- Day;
-, ,% '  "Magazine
in, Munsey's
4 were crowded. Everywhere the work
of propaganda- was followed up by organization. Ih D. C. Flint, the district secretary, the Socialists found
one of the most efficient. organizers
was in close connection with the
govern ment officials who are persecuting the Appeal. n •
Whon election brought such an overwhelming'Socialist victory, all these
■ "As a matter of fact," said the defendant's attorney, trying to be facetious, "you \yere scared half tor death,
and don't know whether it was ari automobile or'something' resembling an
automobile that hit you." ; ,,' ■'
"It resembled one, all right," -. the
complaining witn&ss made answer; "I
was forcibly struck by the resemblance."     - .  . ■      • -  -
No picture i in the Royal Academy
of, this year, attracted,mbre attention
than the portrait of .Mrs, Lees." .'  '
Mrs. Lees,- who. was mayor of ^Old-
liana last year—the •' year of •~ King
George's' Coronation—was- the first
woman to hold the chief magistracy
of ■ an important English town; for
Oldham is a community of a hundred
and fifty,thousand people', and one of
the leading centres of the great manufacturing-districts of Lancashire, ' It
is said that from Oldham Edge, the
hill that overlooks the town, more
than six hundred tall factory chimneys are within sight.  "   ■     _
Mrs. Lees is the widow of Charles
F. l_ees, who was prominently identified .with the two main 'industries of
Oldham — cotton-shipping ■ andi the
manufacture of cotton-spinning" machinery. Her husband's death left
her mistress of a large fortune which
to use her own' words, "she felt -it
her bounden duty to spend for the
good of the town ,where it was made,
and fpr the benefit of those by whose
labors it wns acquired."
With this purpose'in view, she became an active^ promoter of many
forms of philanthrophy. She presented Oldham with,, several recreation
grounds. She interested herself ln a
nursing association which her .husband had founded, and established a
nurses' home.' She helped to organize
workshops for the blind, and to maintain an institute for deaf-mutes. She
founded scholarships at the Oldham
grammar schools.'       ■'• -.   .   '
She also took a leading part in the
.movement for the beautification of
Oldham—or,-it might be more accurate to say, for.the redemption of the
town' from the utter and depressing
ugliness of the typical Lancashire
factory community. As a result of
her'public'spirit- and generosity, a
garden suburb is growing up -in-the
outskirts of Oldham, on land which
her trustees have sold on easy' terms
to home-seekers.' , "   .■
Her interest in' educational _ matters led to Mrs. Lee's first assumption
of a municipal office, when,she became a-member of the local education committee, in 1902. Five.years
later she .was elected' to the town
cnutcil, as. the, governing body of an
Shilom
quickly stops  coushs,  cures  colds, snd  healr
ihe tlirost and lunss.       ::        n       55 cvii-'i
In ' British cities and towns, - the
mayor is elected by,the councillors;
and in November, 1910, ■ the. Liberals,
who controlled a,majority of the Old-'
ham council, requested Mrs. Lees to
accept the chief,-magistrate's "chair.,
Her election was not unopposed, for
the'Conservatives,, cstarge'd' that it
was a breach of an agreement that
had been made #etween" the „t wo'.parties. The lady mayor; alluded to this
misunderstanding in ..speech .which
she delivered at her installation,, after donning the robes arid chain of
office.' _
, "To those who,have given me their
votes without hesitation," she said,
"I tender my heartfelt thanks. I sincerely hope they may have ho reason
tot regret th© confidence they hav
placed in me. , With regard to those
who are doubtful of the propriety of
women occupying public positions, I
hopo their fears will not be realized.
They also have a' right to change
their opinion."
. Mrs. Lees year, of office was a busy-
one, for besides her mayoral duties
she acted as governor of the Oldham
Hospital, and maintained her active
interest in the s town schools and in
her various philanthropies. ■' During
her term,; in recognition of her public services, the fredom (Of the. borough was conferred upon her—-an
honor never before accorded to a citizen of Oldham, ,y , '
Though women are still' debarred
from,voting at the parliamentary ele-,
ctions In Great,Britain, .'they -have
for some time', held the municipal
franchise on equal terms with men.
That is, they can vote ,at the ■•'election of town or county councillors if
they are resident owners or -tenants
of a building,- or 'ot land worth ten
pounds .annually..
There Is' only one exception. to. this
general rule." The' City' of London-
meaning the small central district
of the metropolis,-\vhich -has • held
firmly to, its ancient forms" of government-in. the face of 'modern improvements—does- riot. permit women
to vote. - In all the "other London
boroughs, however,-, and elsewhere
throughout the country, they are .enrolled on the local Voters' lists, and
are gradually .'making their influence
felt in. municipal affairs. It - is - only
within the last five years, however,
that, they  have' been' _ selected ". as
side town of Aldeburg.. In Suffolk;'
Besides'' being.' the", pioneer .'"feminine
mayor,. Mrs! Anderson was. also "one
of the earliest women" doctors in
England.,'. Fifty years "ago when, she
was, a .medical .student;, the ! College
bf Physicians and Surgeons refused
to^admit her to its examinations, on
the ground—the words' read- strangely
today—that the practise of rhedicirie
by her sex -was,"monstrous'.,and un-.
womanly." :. However, she-secured a
license" from, tlie Society, of Apothecaries, and began \o practise in 1865.
In 1870 she obtained a. degree of M.
D. 'in Paris. ,'   ,7
In later years, she was one*, of the
first women'members, of the' London
school board;-',hut - the distinction
that gave her the greatest' personal
satisfaction wasthat of .being elected
president of the East Anglican section of the British Medical .Association, a branch ■ pf the same ■ body
which, thirty years before, had refused to recognize her as a student
of her profession.
Tliere Is no doubt that the experiment of admitting women to participation in the government of cities
and towns has proved successful In
England, just as other trials of equal
suffrage have given good results in
the United States and In the British
colonies. It does not seem as if the
full franchise for women can be delayed very much longer, in the more
enlightened countries of the world.,
THE MOVEMENT FOR   , •
SHORTER  HOURS
workers1 lack the time to'think over
their,-own condition. ,   He may give."
them" a "'little sop once in. awhile, \_'_f 7
small advance of wages, but never will.,
he voluntarily, concede a reduction of'
the hours'.'- -Leisure'hours for:th& '
workingmen are' therefore denounced
in" the capitalist press as most'dangerous experiments that lead to intemperate," and, ritioui habits;.    This is sim- .
ply.a protest to,conceal the'real objec- ,
tlon^to. shorter ;hours„ which is that
they' will afford time': to tlie workers '
to. study their "condition, compare it...
with that of the "upper classes" and
think of some way. toward an improve-."
ment.;     . •    , ;■  - - __'•-' ;  ■    v      ■'•,_..■
"In"the same'measure as his' work--
ing hours are reduced, the worker .begins to*read'newspapers and books,
acquires wants of a more intellectual
nature, meets- his fellow-craftsmen and ■
through his trade organization shakes-J
hands   with   organized  labor   of  all
branches. \,    ,   •      ■'..'.
Instead of an-ever-tired-out slave,
who carries the burden of his days '
without murmuring, the worker becomes a thinking man, who refuses to
accept this order of things as God-
ordained or to follow the false teachings of the "authorities" of tho capital-.
ist class—a man who will earnestly
jofn with his brethren to change this
order, of society into a better one. 7
That this is the effect of shorter'
hours, tho capitalist, where h© is not
fuly conscious of it, feels by hia class
instinct; this is. the motive of his determined resistance.—Baker's Journal,
^..«_
i:.t
...»
.t ..
English municipality is .called. She
was the _ first woman ■ in Lancashire
to hold such an office. She sat in the
council as the Liberal .representative
of, one of the wards'of the borough.
mayors.       •    .   y   ,        •> -
The first to receive-the title, was
Dr. Elizabeth"'-. Garnett Andersori,
who In 1908 was called, to preside
over the destinies' of the little sea-
The movement for shorter hours" is
entering upon another phase of its history; the advantages and necessity of
shorter hours are being generally admitted.   ■ .    ■
Experience haB demonstrated that
the' capitalists are at the '.worst exposed to a reduction bf the hour's of labor
and ,by means of a more.intense exploitation of labor which, we by all
means should fight and -by improved
machinery, they are soon able to obtain as large a product as under longer
hours and generally in a better quality.
The loss ,of profit, being so insignificant and temporary, is not.sufficient
to explain the stubborn resistance,
everywhere offered., by< the capitalists
to any reduction of hours. Tliere must
be another feature of the shortening
of the. work day that induces, so persevering an opposition. This feature
is the stimulus it gives" to,tlie intellectual advancement of'the wage-worker.
A working class exhausted by excessive hours is incapable of carrying on
a.struggle for emancipation,, nor has
it -any of those-.higher wants that are
.ap_tutblsharpenJhe__des_iraJonemaricip_i?.
tion. ,_ - -    '    ■    .    ,-
, ■• Such a condition' of the working
"class is the safe fundament of capitalist exploitation. ■ The capitalist is
above danger as long as the wage
•<C  '-.
That weary old.gag about the awful
amount of money that the wage-Blaves.
lose owing to strikes is'figaln getting
an airing in\connec.lon with the British coal trouble.  Passing over tae fact
that one cannot lose' what one has riot
got, does.it never occur to our great
dailies" that a strike is the evil out/of
which cometh good, or, in other words',
that the foregoing of prospective wag-.
es ls the initial expense that is cheerfully borne with an eye to future benefits? ■   When, for instance, some time ,
ago the Herald and Telegraph proprietaries notified news agents that any-,
ono distributing the proposed Labor .
daily  would' be  refused  supplies of '
-their .papers,' they, knew well enough,
that the-slump .in   circulation that
would follow' the diminution of distributing agencies would be counterbalanced -by the knocking out,-of a possible competitor. ' At,all events, there
was rib moaning about the many, pennies they stood to lose owing to their
strike, for a'strike It undubteclly •- •'
And-while on the "subject of strikes
and wages, it may be mentioned that a'
'lot of people incline" to the opinion that
if it wasn't for strikes' there probably
r\vouIdn*t'be"any~wages*worth*spe"aWng"J
about to,,lose.—The Worker, Sydney,,
N. S. W.    •    , ".."'-.-.
*> \r ,
V.
0   ,
Order your Christmas Cards at once
An Investment Here will  be Sure to  Make  Money for You
vi •
See Our Plan of Moose Jaw
Wo havo n plan of tho City of Mooso Jaw showing vnllronds In Mooso Jnw,
Btroot our linos, locntlon of different properties in Mooso Jaw, Mooso Jaw
IUver, Crooks and ItavlnoB. This map may bo doponded upon ns absolutely
ncourato.
Highland Park
In (.tilling your attention to tho locntlon ot Highland Park, our Mooso .law'
property, wo would mil your spoclul attention to lho fn«t thnt Hlghlnnd I'nrlc
Ih directly wchv of Uio proucul IjiibIuqbh cenl.ro, nnd ns thoro uro no crooks or
riivlnei. wont of Main Bti'uut. tlio most doHlruhlo nnd nioflt valuable proporty
In Monno .law Iuih been north of Manitoba Stroot nnd houIIi of tho ravine tlmt
Ih jiiBt north of tlio Imposition Clroimdu—nml tho growth and development
huv? been went, of Mnln Street. Undoubtedly tho reason of this Ih tho fact
thut tlio mvlno Unit riniH ihtomh tho northern pnrt of tho town nnd Uio ouiuoni
portion nullum It, Impi'iicUi'iil, to miy tlio UuihI, for tlio city to no ovor UiIh nt-
vino olthor lo the north or to tho onHt, und on tho othor hnnd lho city lo tho
wont In high, dry, lovel pruliio without crook or ntvlnoH or otlwir InipodlmoutH.
IllKhliinil Puvk will bo u direct ooiitliuiutlon of tlio NimhI Htn.otH In Mooho
,1uw, It Ih only a (iiiohUoii of n idiort tlmo until loin In IllKhlmid I'ni'lt will lio
In ilnninnd for building Hltnn, nnd uh Uio new NxpoHltlon Blto Ih went, of Highland I'ni'lt, llio Direct, cur lino on (.nrlboo Street will ho exlondcd out punt
our property, UiIh will nieim thut them, lots tlmt you enn buy now ut prleoH
of $ir_o mid pm miaii will bring from ?r,oo up.
Our Guarantee .
All Lots High, Dry and Level
Wn KimrrinN*e. nil lots In UiKhlnnd Park to bo high, dry und lovol nnd hu!Initio
lur Dunning .wim.ui ki'imiiiik ur lilting in, ititiru imji t a low ur um ttpu. in
till" inM'n- j.n.p'i'l;- ,\V'\ V.m1. Pint, V nil U.::t 11,e !.:iie. Iinjdlr:', mul t'ic
(pu'Htlnn of Inoritloii nf lnt» In Hlghlnnd Park Ir moroly n mnttor of lndlvldunl
opinion,   Hoinii intifer ich i :■ ■ ... i,,mi  mil luetei' lotH OU another
strict, ftc    If >(;ii tm.- inuMinj; for profits, one lootlon In Highland Park
Is ub good na nnothcr,
iVOTK.—Prtwnt i.rl<en nro mililcnt to ndvniip.; without notleo. For bli.
prolitH, nny M-i\v iii lu'cncm pnrrH mid htiy to Uki Hunt.
A Few Facts About Moose Jaw
JOlovon lipos oi! railroad in operation and under construction.
Building permits for -April, May and June, I. months of 1932, total
over Two Million Seven Hundred Thousand Dollars. A half million
moro than all of Inst year. ■'
1,500 people in J 002; 25,000 people in 1912.
Tho C. T. It. Monthly Pay Roll nlono is ovor $250,000.
Water system now being installed at cost of $550,000; estimated to
supply oily of 125,000 peoplo.
Canada's lliroo railroads, C, V. T_,, 0. N. K, and 0. T, 1'. aro spending
:;'.i).(ii)U,0lH) on railroad const ruction Ihis year.
Inside Lots $150.  Corner Lots
$200 each
Tht'Ko prices aro subject lo advance without notice.
NOTK.I'urchasers nl* Vivo or moro lots are entitled to a Bpoeial discount of 5 per cent,
THE LOT8 ARE ALL STANDARD SIZE, 26 ft, FRONTAGE AND FROM
HO TO 121 FEET DEEP
BUY NOW WHILE PRICES ARE LOW
LIBERAL DISCOUNT FOR CASH IN PULL WITH ORDER
Lots in Highland l'ark aro sold on one of tho following throo planst
1, Cash in full will) order, with discount of (J per cent, from list
price, >'
2, Ten monthly payments, 10 por cent, with order nnd balanco in
,1 Ml. i
", One third of p.ivrl\:>"i> price vr'\\\\ prdcvj and linV_.nep in pfjv.nl
payments, ono duo in six .nnnllm, other in twelve inonlhs from date of
contract. ''
No interest on Deferred I'aynipnts,
No taxes l.o pay for the . nrrotit year.
•\r,. r,,„,...... t rp:t.   ..:n   '
plot ion ot'„ payments,
.....,   _,....,.•, .,„. .,,.,1.,.
"•'•» '• "f n'-) i >--j
Truly a Very Great City
A city with n record llko tills Is truly a Brent city, Ton yours ago Mooso
Jaw had 1,000 peoplo, now lt has over 20,000. It ls metropolitan ln ovory
eon so of tlio word—a young giant proud of Ub strength and confldG.it of its
capabilities.
Mooso Jaw's asBOBsmonts lu 1910 woro ¥1S,5'18,.0_2; In 1011, $27,770,453, an
incretiBo ol $14.!.V4.,051 ln 12 months, or ovor 100 por cont Increase,
Moobo .law's building permits for Juno, 1011, woro 700 por cont ovor thono of
Juno, 1010—tho largest rato of Increase of uny city in tho Dominion under natural conditions,   „
During 1D10, $140,000 wero spent ln crcosoto lilocl. paving, and about $170,000
wto expended dining 1011. Moobo Jaw is also Installing nn Incinerator at
a coat of , 13,600, nlBo u modern sewerage Byetcm which, when completed, will
bo ono of tho most up-to-dato In Canada.
Tho total oxpondlturo for wator extensions and soworago dlHpoHnl during
1.011 will amount to about $17.",000, Tlio totnl Improvements for 1011 on ull
departments will aggrognto a million dollars.
Tho city owns and controls Its own electric light plant.       /
Tho first clectrla Btroot railway Bystom in BaHkatehowan was operated In
ftlooso Jnw,
An offlclotit telephone service is operated by tho Snekatclinwru. govoninxiiit.,
All tolophono linos aro laid underground In tho pnved area nnd ln tha lnnos In
unpuved nron,
A Btroot lighting ayi-tom of Iron Btondnrds, with flvo oloctrlc globoB to a
Htnndnrd, lias boon hiBtnllod on tho main thoroughfares, at an initial cost of
9 in ,oot).
Tho tax rato for 1011 wns 12H mills—low figures that uliotuil Interest pros-
pootlvo locators,
Tho city Ib unusually rich in schools, churches, banks, hospitals, and has
block nftor block of pretciUlouti rosidoncon—rcsldoncos that would bo a credit
to a city of mnny Union its size.
And It will bo a Greater City
That. Mooso Jaw Ib a groat olty and that Mooso Jaw has becomo a groat city
without u boom, and with practically one railroad, tho C. I\ II., nnd with its
roBourcoB only partly developed, Is nbBoluto aHBiimncn thnt Mooso Jaw with
tho fl, T. P. and O. N. It, with tholr various linen now building Into Moobo
Jaw, and with nddltlonal linos thnt will bo built into Mooso Jaw, nnd with
tlio  v*>«nnrrnn nf tVin rnitntry  hnttin- ilovrtnnort   wllV   Hi*  tviVmfo..,.  frr'.tcr"
being developed, and with Moobo Jaw ns tho undisputed Itailrond Contro, Dis-
tiit-utiHi. i'oftit, Comm.._em. tAiulru, ..ao.c_.i_-u ami MniuiiauturinK Cotitru,
-Moobo Jaw miiBt nnd surely will grow by Icnps und bounds, and will \\i tlio
courso of a very fow yours become n city with a population of over 50.000
puopia. This will moan that Hiobo that buy woll selected Mooso Jaw proporty
now at present prlcos, will mako big profit, ror il is a wolMcnown fact that as
it city doubles In population, ronl ostato values treble.    Highland Park ls an
mnku big monoy for you.   ,
r
A
MM. MM   ______._#% H»» ______.■ IP"" _pi^ ■■■ ■   ■■-      __ —^
. A. K AST NER, Fernie, B.C.
Real Estate
Fire Insurance
Life Insurance

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