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The District Ledger 1912-12-21

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 •-• •.■_<
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Industrial Unity la Strength.
No. i&Vol.m.
The Official Organ of pistrict No. 18, V.M. W. of A.
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Justifies Claims-Recommends
that Strikers be Reinstated
Back Pay Asked Fot
' OTTAWA, Dec. 16.—That the mem-
bers of the CanadiariNBrotherhood of
in1,;". ;
Railway Etniployeosrofvthe Canadian
Pacific Railway,'inumbarjpg* it is
claimed, 5,000 mwi^lnV,t\i^( clerical,
freight ' and ba^gsge|]4id^r^rt__ients,'
were Justified In^thftir^de'iM'iind for'a
Board of' Concili^on\^n'4f/ln the resultant striliOiiwW^Stbpqf'ed its refusal by the*?Ja&,tsri>.of Labor, is
majority   report
\i^We*McGi||%K^|0amptori, Ont.',
■ '"'Chairman, anS^J&VAl'^racdonald, of
' jju1i _.   . ,
today that the department-has been
advised by the C. P. R. that the'men
who left the service of the company
owing to the recent strike under the
auspices of tbe Brotherhood of Railway Employes, will * be - given an opportunity for reappointment if appli-'
cation is made during the next two
weeks." The fact that,these men left
the company's service lt is said, will
not act as a .bar to their employment.
CLEM STUBBS, President
* Halifax, representln'g-Vthe employees,
fully'justifies almost every claim by
.the officers' of the Brotherhood to
more than vindicate the position which
they took throughout.,
, The minority report of J. B. Duval
of Montreal, who w-ss t appointed by
the Department,* of Labor to represent
7the company upon the latter's'refusal
: to be. represented, has-not yet been
filed with .the department, but it is1
• believed that though it does not, agree
» iri,every particular _with that of.the
.majority, in certain vitai'pointj it is
■ in agreement.'        •"   : '",   -.'' ':
. :'., -     Occasion^ of Strike • '   ;
Recognition -.of the__-S.chedul.e8 __,wa8_
">i. asked'for from the .company, together
.■ - with increases .of pay, averaging • 15~
r. per, cent."; .-.The strike*was,called on
.^ the .'Minister' of Labor's first /refusal
to appoint -a. Board, "and,;ls still x>n.
..The general;disorganization^which en-''
.' sued, especially at the'lakes,'during
the grain-moving season; and the consequent representations- which   were
' addressed to the department on tliis
• account,, finally; induced the Minister
to'grant a board for "a,limited territory," it being generally understood
'   that tho finding would apply throughout the system,1'';,'
The roport at the putBet commends
the Minister, tor limiting the scope of
' the Inquiry, and recommends as follows: •    • ■
1." Tho strikers should bo relnstat-
, ed In their old positions forthwith at
the same salaries tliey were rocelvlng
at the time of tho strike.
2. The' strikers Bhould' receive
back pay for tho. timo they havo boen
on strike.
3, Tho mon who were discharged
for, tholr connection with the Brotherhood of Railway Employees   should
"bo treated as strikers, receiving■ the
snmo treatment
* ■!■ Increase of salaries Is recommended, but is left to tho parties In-
toroBlod to arrange at a future dato,
15, This report is to cover all districts affected within tho soope of tho
,   Further Recommendations
Tho board then lays down certain
rulos which shall provern the members
Ity, vacnnolos, appointments, etc,    It
„ furthor docldes that tho schedules recommended shall tako effect from
May 1, 1912, and remain ln of foot for
ono yoar, and from year to yoar thoro-
Tlmo and a half for.ovortlmo, pub
Ilo holidays, and Sundays Ib rcconv
mo* ded by tho Boai'tl,,;.,
lt Is understood that Mr, Duval in
his minority roport rocommondn tho
rolnstntowni, of tlio men. No c6m-
mmttcatlon In cononcucn with tlio
a wn nl lm been received from tho
company, but thoro Ib reason to bo*
llovo that an amicable ngroomont will
bo reached, and tho Minister Is confident that tho company will abldo by
tha award whon it is presented to
thorn, Tho rooomoiMlatlon, however,
th<t back pay bo glvon to tlio mon
fw, ..,. ^oiaI ..ui.ub v*iu.;a _u<_y wero
on fiM'tlro mny tip oyyiu'cil \>y 1Jj<_ ww-
pany. " Tbo Btrlko was called on Nov.
4th, and will bo continued until tho
company hn« docldod upon what cour-
io It will pursue,
JudRO McOlbbon who acted as
cllalrmnn of tho Hoard, hn* acted! In
like capacity on no less than ton arbl-
f ratli im, some of which concorned tho
bfpfioat railway„ disputes In Canada,
lie hue tho further dlttlnntlon of having had evory award lie mado faith-
fully carried out aftorwnnl.
rfettdent Moi»icr of tho Brothor-
hood, whon aeon tonight, wns thoroughly aatlsfied with tho remit of hla
efforts and thoso of hla, fcllow-offlcem
nnd It optimistic that (be award will
bo curried out by the company.
OTTAWA, Doc IT.—Announcement
wna mado at tho department of labor
^  ,  1~
Triumph   'cr   Concllh.rlon   Prih'clo.e
in  Grand Trunk Pacific Dispute
OTTAWA, Dec. 15.—Details* have
been received., at Ottawa of the terin?
of settlement of the striking machinists and G, ,T. P. railroad and president E. J: Chamberlain, at the meeting
held in Montreal' on Friday last and
which will now. clear the way-for the
opening of the transcontinental shops.
The company agrees to'reinstate all
strikers who apply for positions again
with in thirty days.'," \. "' -■[.' ,   ■
For the present" the "existing rate
of pay and rules,' will-, prevail, ', This
is now"45 centb per .'hour for Rivers
and-east; of Rivers and '47% cents an
DENVER, Col., Dec. 19.—A plot to
dynamite-the Denver Mint where, approximately $500,000,000 is stored, was
frustrated by the discovery of the
plans.  . . •     ■'',■.."'    : '
The tellers, J. & Smith, W.
Balderstone and )V. Hayson,
are now hayd counting the .Ballots. Their work
has not yet. been'-.completed,
but so far as can be seen the
three principal officers have
been-re-elected by large majorities, and1 it, would appear
also that David Rees is elected over T. G.^Harries for International Board Member,'.
' Full detail's will"be published ln our next issue.
Green Gets Four
: Months for Goal
Greek dun-Play
Labor Plans Fight ?
against GoverLent
Attitude of Administration in
Cumberland Coal Strike
Main Grievance
' ~ .'7-5>.!!l|
<3;' -rTS
"     -" 3?<
J. O.' JONES, Vice-President
W. Thomas,. teamster for P, Burns
& Co, Ltd., at Elko, whilst delivering
orders was thrown off the rig, and sustained a bad cut on the forehead.
A. J. CARTER, Secretary-Treasurer.
hoffr west**ofTllvers., The company,
agrees tliat next ..spring if the men
so'desire' the "western" management
will meet a committee of men to decide upon a- new, agreement and a new
schedule arid,falling to, arrive at, terms
the -difference, will be>" submitted to
a "consultation board appointed under
the industrial disputes act.
, ' The company agrees' to accept the
decision of this board provided the
decision "of this board provided the
men are willing.    , y '
Ottawa' regards the agreement
whei^by any dispute next spring,will
be submitted to a conciliation board
as.the most important phase of the
settlement. It Is a triumph" for tho
principle of conciliation and Is an assurance that there will be no repetition of tho present long drawn out
strike. / , y
■ Sir Wm." Whyte is the sole arbil>
rator between tho government and
the Grand Trunk Pacific as to tho
torms ot tho leaso of tho Lake. Superior section of the transcontinental.
Anti-capital    .. Ppunlshmeivt-,' League
- Holds Twenty-four Hour Meeting-
Fifty,'Speeches, Half, Hour Each.—
Socialists, Radicals and Clergymen
All Unite'In Great Effort
Railway Grants Some Concessions
NEWCASTLE!, Doc. 1.5,—The stride
of the employes on tho North Eastern
railrond was settled' yesterday by the
company making somo concessions.
, Tho torn.-.'of tho sottloment provido
that tho company should rolnstato
Hnglnoor Knox if tho inquiry instituted >by the Homo Offlco proved that
ho was not Intoxlcatod as chargod, and
lt was announced tonight that tho
magiatrato who reviewed tho case had
found that Knox was not intoxlcatod
and that tho Homo Socrotary had advised tho king to grant a pardon, tho
man having previously boon convicted,
Tho strikers will ronumo work as
soon as tho company can mako tho
necessary arrangements. Thoy prom-
Uo to work amicably with tho men
who refused to strlko. Tho strlkors
will bo flnod six days' pay and havo
agreed not to strlko In tho future except after legal notification to tho
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 13—Crowds
Jammed-a down-town street intorsec-'
tion'here until a late hour last night,
at the 24 hour meeting of tho California Anti-Capital Punishment. League,
The speakers ,began their ad dresses at
5 o'clock last night and will contlnuo
until G o'clock tonight. About SO
persons, men and womon, were on tho
program. . ' >• ' >
. Tho campaign was planned as tC
protest against hanging Manuel Bom-
bolo; who was to havo been hanged
at San Quontln prison today. When
Governor,!Johnson reprlovod Bomboln,
Wednesday, representatives of tho league said the meoting would be held
according to tho plans, tho protost directed snoolflcally against tho hanging of fouv mon at Salem, Oregon, today.
Mombo'B of tho San FranclBco Radical club, lie local Soolnllst political
organization, and many writers and
clorgymon, nro Included ln tho list, of
speakers. The addresses are being
delivered In half-hour relays.
The attention "of the Circuit Court,
over which Judge Thonipson presided,
was occupied all day Wednesday and
Thursday with" the charge of "shooting
with intent," ' and  "unlawful  wounding," against' Arthur Green,, the color:
ed man who created a serious disturbance' in the Coal Creek Club on Sun-1
day,1, November 17th.   Sherwood Herchmer appeared for'the prisoner, and
W. Herchmer, assisted by A. J. Fisher,
for the prosecution.  ' In all some ten.
witnesses were called;     Counsel for
thei defense contended that the prisoner was mauled about and abused to
such an-extent-that in 'Isclf-defense he
was--justified'in drawing his revolver
and firing, arid on these'grounds asked
for his' discharge.    .The judge, in summing up,,stated that it was uncertain
as to' who, struck the first blow,-> and
' conseauehtly had" to< ^give the" benefit
of-the-doubt to thej prisoner.    .With,
this'point settled it Avas. only a question of law as;to when a man'.was jug-''
tificd'lnlshootlrig.    After quoting from
the "Criminal Code* and-other, authorities, he'did not think'that the prisoner
was jto justified., ..At;any rate, it was
ins duty-:to put down.the use of firearms, as ^ muoh i'as^-jpossjble, and be,
therefore, ..found- tha^ccused: guilty )p'n
the , second charge,'  viz.,'" "unlawful
wounding," and sentenced him to four
trionths in Nelson 'Jail with hard labor,'
to count from the time he was jailed
In Fernie.    Thofact that the prison'-
er was carrying about a concealed weapon, which' is, in Itself Contrary  to
tho law, did not enter much into the
argument.  ;
' Mr. Sherwood Herchmer askod for a
reserve case and this'was granted.
VICTORIA,'B? C., Dec. 1C—It is understood that Mr. John Jardine,.Vancouver Island's representative upon the
recently gazetted royal commission on
labor, is strenuously urging that that
body lose no time in visiting Cumberland, the centre of present discontent
seriously affecting the coal production
industry, with a view to the presentation of an interim report thereupon in
advance of the meeting of the Legislature with the object of satisfactorily
ending the present situation may bo
given immediate effect. , The coirimls-
sion is' to hold its organization meeting here on the 28th' inst.. when its
plan of procedure considered
and decided upon. '
• Firm friends of the administration
in the, directly interested district are
mirtHTexercised over what they regard
as a grave tactical blunder on the part
of the government in dealing with the
Cumberland strike, situation' ,by not
granting an inquiry into the grievances
of the men when it was first applied
for, and thereby averting not only
much suffering on the part of the work
ers and their families,- but also pro-
vincially-wide inconvenience in a mild
winter shortage of coal; and. very serl-'
ous disarrangement of the" export
trade. Instead, the policy has been,
adopted of spending from $45,000 to
$50,000 of public money in a quite unnecessary; maintenance of a large.police force, the presence of which has.
been fully .taken advantage of by the
operators to introduce Oriental strikebreakers. ' , ■ -
J "The result , will, inevitably be,"
says one Comox Conservative, "a
strong, well based white labor attack upon the government at the first
opportunity in which laboi\ men of
independent views, Socialists, Lib-'
erals and a good many hitherto
staunch Conservatives will find common ground, and which in every probability will lose the-government and
the party at least, four island seats."
' WASHINGTON, Dec. 19.—President
dent .Taft has made up his mind to ac-
e'ept the p_roffer_oLihe-Kent-professor-
D. REES,.International Board Member
■ y -
Most Serious Strlko Was that of Miners In Porcupine Camps
German Mine Disaster
ah wo ko to proHB wo nro authorized
If) biifU: iUui Julia u'a.ea, of tbe King
Edward Hotel, Is lu tho field for may-
oralty. WhlUt «hc;o have been some
names mentioned In connection with
this contoHt, It Is very indoflnllo, now
...A. int. wi.:* nati. itluir ninth prossuro, consented to stand, ns to whothor
ho will bo opposed.
DORTMUND, Germany, Doo, 18,—
Thlrty-ono can miners aro believed to
havo been killed by nn explosion of
blnck dnmp In thn Acltonbach mlno today,
81). bodies havo boen recovered from
tho pit nnd twonty-flvo minors are
missing. Tlio explosion was so violent
that It Ih thought all were killed.
CAPE TOWN, H.~aenoraI Louis
nothi. today rcnlffn^d tho prcmlci'-
•hip of tho Union of South Africa,
which ho has held since May 31, 1910.
Ke took thlir atep In conno<jiwinro of
distensions from tbo Dutch Extremist* In Iho cabinet; lot! by Gen. 3, D.
Mortintt, who** ntHtttilif on naval and
other Imperial quemlons eaosed a revival of tho old racial feud.
VANCOUVER 11. C Doc, Ifi.—noos
tho Workmen's Compensation act ap-
OlV tn rnilwny ntnttnn wni'l'"^?    Tl.„i
nuoHtlnn wrm minor, for tho ftrnl tlmo
In British Columbia In nn arbitration
hoard By Judgo Mclnnos, Tho claim
In which this Important point Is raised
la mado by Nicholas Rodlch, a mem'
ber of a stntlon r'nnf ivtitMi ..iri -,»<,»....
ted a contract for a section of tho Can*
adlnn Northorn filMo near Yale, from
Burns, Jordan and Welch, principal
contractors. A local blacksmith, after attempting to thaw two slicks of
dynnmlto by a forgo flro handed them
to IUhIUIi to tnko away, They exploded,, killing tho blacksmith. His
li«iir« wll present n claim next w<>ck.
Rodlch lost his left arm.
Counsel for the principal rontr*< tors
raised the point claiming Hod If h
was precluded from tlio benefit of th >
act by not being in tho employment of
lb*, duftiuliintit. nor nn ftnptoyi!. for
wages, but a sub-contractor, .Tiidjf.
ment wns reserved.
OTTAWA, Doc, 16.—The gonoral industrial situation showod   a   marked
Improvement from tho standpoint   of
labor unrest during tlio month'of November, both as compared with tho
preceding month of 11)11., According to
tho record of strikes, tho numbor of
days lost from this causo was approximately 80,200 during Novombor computed with 80,000 during tho preceding
month, and 110,000 during tho corresponding month of last year,   This was
In splto of tho fact that a number of
disputes Bhowotl an Incrcimo.    At tho
beginning of Novomlior,   14   disputes
woro In existence, bul only ono, thnt nf
tho coal minors on Vancouver Islnnd,
nffootod a largo numbor of employes.
Of tho now disputes of tho month
tho most serious wits that  of tho
Porcupine minors, nffootlng 1,200 employes nud thnt of tho employes In
tho freight departments of tho Canadian Pacific railway syatom, affecting
about 5,000 mon.
Four disputes of tho month' woro
among classes (ailing undor tho jurisdiction of tho Industrial disputed investigation act, compared with two
such disputes In tlto preceding month
mid flvo ln Novombor, 1011,
The numbor of cmployos   affccto/l
by disputes was 3,000 in Novomlior,
ui», coiupurtxj wnn MUU in October,
.__]_] ..,.'../. la rVv.iMi-i-i.r.
• CHICAGO, Dec. 17.—Bitter denunciation' of the government's system of'
Inspooting Chicago stock yards products was voiced here today by ,W11-
Ham D.'Haywood, organizor for the
Industrial Workers of. the World, who
plans a great strike of stock yard employees and steel workers in the steel
plants at Gary, Ind.
"Tho work of the alleged inspector," Haywood said, "Is a farce, It
moroly givos tlio packers an opportunity to put the government's stamp
on thoir product. Tills serves to
mako tho prlcoB higher, Tho Inspection costs tho people ? 1,000,000 annually,
"Tho conditions under which packing houso employees work aro worso
than thoso of any, other American
workingmen. Thoy toll 10, 12 and 14
hours a dny and tho average wago Ih
undor $7 a wook, When wo'Industrlal
Ists went to Lawronco many said tho
foreign element could not bo organized nnd thnt tho mon had no chnnco
to win. Wo won, however, and wo
cnn do tlio Hiime thing hore In
ship of law af Yale and probably will
take up his duties at New Haven early
in the spring.   The president was said
Wednesday' night to have determined
upon accepting the Yale professorship
for several reasons. He .will not be restricted .merely to'.lectures, to. Yale stu-
'derits.'butwlll'be permitted to lecture
if he desires in other law schools or
upon the platform,,or to engage in any
other occupation which ho sees fit.,
i If the president had 'returned to CIn-
ciMiati to. resume law practice ho felt
that .he would have little opportunity
to practice. ' He felt that ho could not
appear lh cases before the supreme shot of it was that a "typical Donny.
LETHBRIDGE, Dec. 16.—Last Saturday evening when at the" Royal Collieries about ten o'clock Simon Klal-
muk, was badly beaten up about the
head and body, with the result that he '
remained unconscious -from .that hour.
until, about seven o'clock,, yesterday :
morning.     Horsltu Klimiik, a. miner','
lies in the guard room nt the MounteW
Police barracks on tbe charge'of, assault, i ]    .
A drunken 'brawl ■ is said to have,
boon the upshot of the trouble.
«Anything which would make a dent
in a man's head was used and tho up-
court becauso he had appointed a majority of Its members hlmsolf, He
remembered when ho thought of tho
law that ho had appointed many fed-
oral Judges In Ohio beforo whom ho
might have to argue cases,' and ho believed that about tho only sort of,
practlco which ho could tako up would
be International and that ho regardod
as uncertain.
OTTAWA, Dec. 17.—According to
,u>_ .viAj.ti ui wiou-Aniil iK'.'.O.'rilH
maintained by tho department of labor, 114 workmon woro klllod nnd 1.1.0
Injured during tho month of Novombor. Compared with tho record for
October, which was 105 killed nnd 4iri
In.nwd, thore wr»ro nln/> mor" killed
and 47 fewer Injured during Novcm*
.Tho grait numNT of fatal accidents
occurred In the mllwny service, navigation and the building trado*, thn
figures for which wer* 38, 24, nnd n
wfiwctdr*!)!', Th<» largest number ol
non-fniitl itrrtififnti o<v!!rrc.f al.'.o In
tho railway service, tha, record being
T2fl, followed l>v tln» mclnl trade* with
79, and by tha fmilding trades with .1.1.
SYDNI5Y, N. S„ Dec. Id.—Motlnff
occurred lioro todny when tho promlor,
Hon. Mr. J M McGowan nttomptod to
make a speech at tho corerhony of
handing ovor tho mansion formerly occupied by tho governor gonoral of
Australia, Lord Donman, to tho poo-
Lord Donman was notified somo
tlmo ngo to movo from his residence
which was owned by tho state, nnd
which, lt was declared, now waH needed to add to tlio Sydney botanical
j gardens, Promlor McGowan announc
I cu Tvb.fuui> ii)i_ iiiuiiiiiuiiii ot iiaud-
j':),!,' I'lc yuil-Liiy _.u. l<> l»« j-*ot;.u
despite tlio protesta of lho citizens
rommlttiyj who objected to the eviction of the governor general.
\flnvnral pomons worn trampled upon
. ii        "
B151.LIN, Doc. 10.—Tho paBt twelve
months of war has been ono of large
profit for tho big Kiutpp gun works
at Ksson. Tho nnnunl roport Just published shows a surplus for tho past
year of $12,500,000. After paying $|,.
2!.0,000 taxou; 11,100,00 workmen's Insurance, and devoting $1,7fi0,000 to
wolfnro work for Un army of 1.0,0000
omployopR, tlioro was a net surplus of
?8,080,000. A dlvldoud of 12 per cont.
wns declared, flvo per cont. wns ndded
to tho rosorvo fund and $500,000 added
lo tho pension fund,
brook held the bourds. Kllmuk is accused of cracking ICInlmuk over tho'
cranium, and tho lnttor dropped like a
log and lay, to all appenrancos doad.
Dr. Roso, of Coalhurst, was called in
and lost no tlmo in giving the wounded
man nil the attention nocessnry.
Things looked prolty blnck for a
time, but a sigh of relief went up '
when Kltilmiik roturnod to consciousness yesterday morning. Ilo Ib still,
howovor, In n serious condition, and
Is under tho constant care of tho doctor, at Coalhumt.
SAIIB-U.CK13N, Rhenish, Prussia.
Dec. 15.—Tho mombers of the Christian labor union numbering 30,000 vot-
od hero today to Btrlko Jan. 2. Th«
Htrlko will affect tho Saar coal minors.
The. otlieiH catholic unions, including
in.OOO moro of tho co-cnilcd I3orllu
wing, voted to owalt tho fulfilment of
tho mlno ownera promises of higher
Anthracite Monopolies of Railways Killed in the United
State-Sure to be a Great Relief to Public.
WASHINGTON, Doc. Ml.—Tho Su- put upon the ninrkot annually by the
promo Court of tho II. S. todny cnnroll-
o<l as violatlvo of tho Hhormnn antl-
tl-.«R.   tn«»  !'.«';i  '„-     .,'„:,.'„  "^JJ.
ronri-ownnrt «'on! wmpn-iW"' 111 IVc
Ponnsylvnntn nnthnirtln flddn hnd
purchased tho output for all Hmo of
tho "iiidopundciit" mlncn,
AUornow General Wlckorsham In a
«tnt«>m«>iit  tnnti'M  ovn^n".,/-..'  y  <v„
llof that the do.'islon will no completely destroy the combination which now
rontrols tho prico of the anthracite
that lt in list rosult in <i distinct measure of rollof to the public.
The court nlno ordered thn dissolution of rnllrond control of tho
Tomplo Iron Company, by whlrh thf
pr.neipnl railroads nnd the coal companies w^ro foundiito havo strangled
a protout to build a competing road
Into tho mil radio Holds in ISHS, and
by which monopolizing schemes could
CALGARY, Doc. 1C—Tlio labor men,
of Hil-' c£(y arc up In .ins... .i«_\ii>&t
tho compulsory vaccination of school
tlilldivu. Tlm dun.*! tit tin- imiiiii-
clal health net embodies tho new re-
Kulntlon stating that no pupil Khnll
lm admitted to nny'school In thc province nftnr January, 1013, until ho hns
)...n fcijrcrasfully vaccinated.
I iV'Ir Kisultir mectliu ou 1'iUUy ji'u.u.*'
night tho Calgary Trades and Ubor l   Tho government failed,   the   court
r.iuiii-ll pn_»»od uiiftjilmoiiitly « n»««Iu- held, fo show a "general combine," to
tlon condemning till* n«>«' regulation, j apportion the amount of coal to bo
vii rfaiifl roads. Tho governmont'*
oilier charges an to general oomblnn-
n\iu wuic uiiiraett'riMnl ns "Indefln-
Minor comblniitioiis were held to bo
Improperly Included in tho petition of
tho government nnd the proceeding
iiRnltiHt them wnn dismissed without'
.*. \._m i iu.ui.n_i iiy uiu government. Attorney General Wicker-
Hlium wns not propnrnd todny to say
whether ho would direct new proceedings ngalnst these alleged combinations or not.
The suit wns «/>nr hurV fo the
judgo* of tho court in which It originated, the circuif court for eastern
I'cnnsj Iwinln for tjio enforcement of
tho decision. Tho finding of tho lower court was upheld, except ns t_> tho
contracts with tho Independents,
Th<» railroads conwiK-d In tho caso
Im. put into execution hnndlly ln the j were thf Phl..i..A!pM:_ nml Ucadlug,
tho Lehigh Valley nnd Delaware,
Lnckawanna and Western, tho Central
ot N. _F.„ tho Krle, and the 8in/.uelu.n-
na nd Western.'/   <
a. i,l
)Y *&mHir*mfWMiw>>^^
Australian Cask
Has 8 Hour
By George A. Dorsey, tfb.D., LL.D.,
in Chicago Tribune.
SYDNEY—A few days ago Harry
Paten and I decided to spend the
week end in the mountains, and-see
. :ho world-renoAvned Jenolan cave3.
To start with we could not get a hair
cut—Saturday half holiday and every
barbVr'fa shop In town closed. We had
got to the caves late and could not
get ft guide—the guides.had already
worked eight hours that day—money
no object. We could not get supper in
Jeno'an—it was after S o'clock and
lho girls had quit work for the day.
_ou cannot buy a paper at tlie hotel
_.ews3tnnd before 9 a.m. or after 0
«).ni • -that would be a violation ot thb
Shows Australia Is Prosperous
If f.access means to get rich, Australia is—well, Australia is prosperous—so prosperous, I heard, an American employer , of labor remark recently, that he hoped it wouldn't rain
for two years—then, maybe they
would come to their senses.
" Ho really meant the men would
then have to work as long, as be dictated and for the wages he set for
them: Australia says: "No; all work
and no ])lay may make. Pierp a rich
man, but it makes Jack a dull clod."
It kills initiative, say we of Chicago^
'also destroys liberty of action and
curtails the freedom of the individual.
"Yes." says Australia, 'but hang the
individual! Let's take care of society.
The individual will look after himself
—if' he won't we will pension him.
Laziness is a disease; thrift and industry are normal—that is, if they are
made interesting."
Barbers Play Cricket Saturday
Saturday afternopn, and every .barber playing cricket; Sunday, and you
can't get a drink. At 7 o'clock morning or night, and you cannot buy a
■playing card, and there you are. No,
this is no place for the American
capitalist, unless he ■ wants to race
horses, sail a boat,.play cricket, prize
fight or surf bathe..
There is a time to work and a time
to play, and eight hours is the present
accepted "ideal, though   some   indus-
workday. All this, of course, has been
brought about by the unions. It was
easy for them, for they had the strike
and the ballot behind them.
longer must the farmer or the .boy
who works out begin inlll-ing cows
at 4 in the morning-and finish off
with-chores at 9 in the evening.
■ The labor movement has announced
a new bill, codifying all early closing
matters. It will deal with closing
hours, both foi- Sydney and, in the
country. An important feature of the
bill will be an effort to make 8 o'clock
the' hour for closing all special shops
on any night. This will apply to
bars, barbers' shops, drug stores, etc.
Law Fixes Minimum Wage ■
Australia attempts by law to set a
minimum wage. In New South Wales
the law is only throe yearB old, but it
nlready has revolutionized certain
classes of labor, and hence has profoundly affected a great many laborers, especially shop assistants. The
law says:
"No workman or shop assistant
shall be employed unless in the receipt of a weekly wage of at least
four shillings (..1), irrespective of any
amount earned as overtime. Any employer contravening - this minimum
wage provision is liable to a penalty
not exceeding '£2."
.A dollar a week does not seem a
big wage, especially in Australia,
where wages in general are as high as
in the United' States. Our natural inference would be that such a provision
could hardly have benefited anybody.
Let us see. ,
Wages Paid Young Women
.According to the report of a factory
inspector, there were in 1908 no less
than 514(girls between 13 and 21 years
of age who were in receipt^ofT. less
than lour shillings a week. In -the
Newcastle district there were nearly
300 girls in dressmaking and millinery
rooms receiving less than four shillings, the majority being paid no wages
at all for their services. Before the act
in nearly every dressmaking and millinery workroom a certain number-of
girls 14 and 15 years ,,of age worked
without wages. Girls of 16; 17 and
even 21 have been known to work for
GO cents a week.' , '
Opponents, of the minimum, 'wage
contended it would throw a consider-
ment.   Yet after the act had been in
About 3,500 . persons were present in
tho Second Regiment Armory,..';  •
Financial, management -of the,, proposed . organ was withheld from' the
Socialist party after three hours of .contention. 'A resolution left the dicta-,,
tion of the paper's editorial.policy to
the Socialist" party, but, turns over
financing and management,to a.board
of directors to be elected from among
Iho subscribers or stockholders. $12,-
000 was pledged for the new venture.
Taking of testimony in the bank-
nip'tey of the. World was,assigned by
Judge Landis on Wednesday to Referee
Frs-i k:, L. Wean. . P^ter Bulthouse,
ttisiness manager, and William Wiil:-
lock, ^circulation iwiu._ger, testified
that the circulation books of the'company had disappeared since Dec. 4.
ABOUfpE" 7y
,1^-The Fascination-of-the Idea
The coal problom has so long been
a vexed question in Canada that tlie
success of the Dominion Government's
experiments ln peat-production Is of
timely Interest. Last winter this fuel
was sold to housewives in'Ottawaoat
$3.50 a ton, says J. J, Larkin, writing
in,December Canada Monthly, and
his account of the method used is
worth reading.     He says:
"There is little about the operation
that would excite .the curiosity of'the
ordinary sight seer. A treeless, stump-
less' 'bog there is stretched generally
for miles with a gang of men at work
for all the- world like a number of
workmen engaged In excavating for
ibuikling purposes—an aspect that is
intensified by the fact that the ground
has been carefully cleared of all underbrush, pieces of wood and rubbish
"At the government peat plant there
are' many trenches; cables running
everv where; truck car_ standing .on
an almost circular stretch' of traMf
and an engine—everything wiih' that
make shift appearance that 'charac^er-
izL'_ construction equipment as,..ho' jrb
it. might he moved at any moment.
And''it frequently is.'
"But a' closer view reveals a perfect method of operation. Down into,
this bog,.which has'been .carefully
drained, dig a number of ■ men who
deposit the soft .peat into iron boxes
linked together in an endless ■ chain
in the fashion of a;treadmill, -and
which reach from the bottom of this
trench into the open side of acahoose'
on ,wheels above.. Drawn-into this
caboose,.these buckets,.of peat are.
overturned,around a wheel wfien turning to revolve back to the-bottom of
operation for two years an inspector
reports that "she had heard of no case
in the metropolitan   district'  where
The movement "penetrated into the l girls have been out of work in conse-
country, and the cry is heard that no I quence of the act.
Geo. H. Larke Bids $10,000 for the
Good-will and Circulation List of
Paper.—General Manager of Boycs
Publications Is Principal in the
Transaction—Department of Justice
to Probe Into Alleged Manipulations
of World's Funds—Parker Reported
to Have Sunk $18,000.
CHICAGO, Doc. 11.—George H.
Larke, general manager for tho Boyco
Publications, haB bid $10,000 for tho
good will ond circulation of tho Chicago Evening World, which was last
week thrown Into bankruptcy, This
bid was made by Mr. Larko for himself as principal party In Interest and
threo associates,
When Vice-President W. C. Abbott,
of tho Central Trust Co., rocolvor for
tho World, told tho court of tho offer,
lie could not dlscloso tho prospective
purchaser's name and there was lm-
modlato objection by Soymo.ur Stod-
man, nttomoy for tho Workers' Publishing Co., publishers or tho defunct
pnpor, and Hon ry 8, Blum, who ropro-
Rents Frod C, Hhmnn, a $00,000 creditor.
Lator, whon It was learned that Mr
Larko had mado tho'bid, tlio attorneys
finally concluded to agree upon the
salo. It is understood that Judge
Landis will approve the transaction.
Investigation Ordered
Judge Landis, It Is ■ reported, -will
probe into alleged suspicious' manipulations of the funds of the bankrupt
company. He has asked District Attorney Wllkerson to put several agents
of the department of justice on the
case to ascertain If there were unlawful methods used in the conduct
of the business. The books of tho
company wero snld to bo In tho possession of Fred Ehman.
Harrison M. Parker, former advertising managor of tho Tribune and son-
in-law of J, C. Stubbs, of tho Southern
Pacific Railroad, Is Bald to havo sunk
$18,000 in the Daily,, World enterprise
on condition that ho be given control
of tho property. . Parker emphatically denied a rumor that he Intondod to
buy tho remnants of tho proporty on
hohnlf of himself'or a syndicate of
capitalists, "I am out of It for good,"
snld Mr. Parker, "and my oxporlonco
will last me a long timo, I fool that
I have been badly treated. It Is a
total wreck, worth nothing to anyono,"
Mr. Pnrker donlod that ho had lost
money on tbo pnpor.
Mine Meeting of Supporters
Tho mnss mooting of friends and
supporters of tho suspended World
last Sunday rosultod In a movomont
to solicit a fund of $150,000 to Rtart
a nrtw  Soclnllst  papor  In  Chicago.
the ditch and the peat is thus thrown
into a larger receptacle: ■ The latter is
then drawn out on a cable'from anoth-,
er side of the caboose at right angles'
to the chain of buckets and it deposits
its contents into a small truck car
waiting on the tracks beneath. ' '•
"The moment the e,ar is' filled dt is
sent away along the semi-circular rails
for perhaps two hundred yards'." When
it arrives where it is-wanted a lever
on the side of the car is pulled and'
the wet peat is automatically dumped
upon a platform, where a number of
men await It. Here it is thoroughly
mixed and then spread out at uniform
depths to dry. This lo one of the
most Important features of peat production, the absence of which has
meant, failure to many of these enter-
prl80B, • ' 7
"This completed, tho peat, without
being moved, ls cut Into blocks on
tlio ground and whon sufficiently dry"
is hauled to the storage shed, It is
now ready for use. The latest'excavator produces from sixty to eighty'
tons dally.1
"In order to manufacture peat on
a commercial scalo, hand digging or
oxcavating must bo replacod by mechanical excavators nnd the labor cost,
Ir. genornl roducod as much as ipos-
All 10.
"Under the conditions at tho Government poat bog, peat cannot too
manufactured, Including all oxpenBos,
for Iobb than two dollars por ton
stnckod on tho field, but when mech-
rnlcal excavators nro employed nnd
the cnlput Ib reasonably largo tho'
nbovo figure will bo materially reduced, allowing tho pent to bo sold nt
a nc dorn to figure and still allowing
By. Robert Hunter—(Courtesy of the
"-       y  National Socialist)..■" ". ■■'
-"Take care," cried Mirabeati, _ "do
not irritate this people, that produces,
everything, and that, ,to make itself
formidable, has only ,to become, motionless." - ■ ' ' . ^
...                                    \ -
The threat of the general strike was
what this leader of the French Revo-,
lution held^before the privileged class-"
es. • He was-the first modern, prch.
phet of tho general, strike, and,no one'
since has"stated so.simply or so powerfully this alluring idea. At vart"
ous periods throughout all of last
century the idea captivated the minds
of numberless leaders of the working
class. 7
Today the general strike is "tho chief
war measure advocated by the, trade
unions'of the Latin countries. It' has
its philosophy and there is a library
of books' on the general strike. It
has .been discussed In the congressesj
national and international, of the trade
unions and of the Socialist party.
The organized workers of all lands'
have studied the question, debated it
at length, and resolved for or against'
this method of action. It lias so appealed -to the imagination that short
stories and novels have been written,
forecasting the helplessness, of the
world in the hour when the working
class should stand motionless..
The anarchists -have everywhere acclaimed the general strike as the great
est example' of the propaganda of the
deed.      ■ . "
The older Socialists anil trade union"
leaders of Europe have, looked upon
the general strike agitation with alarm,
and the discussion of it has aroused
intense interest as well as extreme
The greatest orator of.the" general
strikes, Aristides Briand, used it as a.
ladder to rise, from the' ranks of un-'
.known lawyers to the„highest position
in the French . government, that of
prime* minister. ','•.•_.,
.- Another leader of a general strike,
John Burns, rose from the. ranks . of
the hungry and unemployed to the'
.cabinet of the greatest industrial nation. -. \ ■ v",
.' Men have advocated the use of this
weapon for every^'conceivable .purpose.' William D. Haywood, would
have had it used to force the courts
to release the,,MeNamara brothers,
-Ettor—and—others;—' r— ■	
tt vOntke the masters more ferocious-and the workers more ■ revolutionary. .They would uso it aa soon ae
possible^ The more',blood;spilt m
class war.' the more Irreconcilfil'io'Wi.
licco-iie class antagonism.', ; y, .V,
,}'r»'ery theorist of the general strike.
claitnB that it is the supreme weapon
of labor. It' is the final stand, where
■the entire body of workiera shall come
forth from mines, fields and. factories
to "demonstrate .their power, y-
. • lt will stop tie world.VLights'.will
go but^ Fires'will die "down: -Food
will -disappear. 7 - TrainB.will' gtand.oa
the sidings. Mails.'telephones and telegraphy ,will fail to function. -'Newspapers will,nottappear';,.and'all our
marvelous and intricate1 industrial life,
with-'its,..wondrous •'•mechanism and
tremendous power, will rest silent and
useless. - -.      . .    -
- This people...that "produces;-everything has only, to'; become' motionieBB
to make Itself toiTOidablej^thia is the.,
essence bf the battkJ cry or'the French -
Syndicalists (trade uriipnls_r)
Surely there is no idea in the world
more wresting. r„The very thought of
it. almost" makes';tie*, iieart atop in
its £.eiion.   '".'• '<'-•  ••..    '   ■-
-" '
- (Continued^ on*: Page ,6)
06 YouJShop?
T*\0 YOU shop in a
a-dull store?   "
brisk, active store, br in
1 * i .. .
" Advertising makes bright Stores.    Failure to
advertise goes hand in hand with dullness and
Keir'-Hardle would have it used >-o
prevent war. -   •   .'•
Others1 would have this mighty weapon employed to protect any one injured by capitalist, oppression.
Still, others see^in'it an.,alternative
and substitute for political action and
advocate its use as the only "political"
weapon of the workers to force legis-
lation and political reforms. . They
would have It displace all' Socialist
party and parliamentary action.'
The, anarchists, who are its most
ardent advocates, believe that it is the
greatu&t" stimulus to class hatred, that
., Advertising brushes away cobweb's
and  dust,, smartens shop windows,
quickens-the intelligence   of  sales-   i
men, and lets in the sunlight. '   •  ~'
* . '. *
Advertising   makes the merchant '
think' of'; you—of your wants  and
-needs; make him anxious to serve
-.yoii to'your -liking and advantage.    ',
Advertising keeps stock from hav-
< ing birthdays:
'Advertising   acquaints   yoii' with
new things, and so "brightens your
.homo, your life, your person. .        7,
Advertising keeps a business from
,'growing lazy and stupid. .'Advertising; injects - good red blood into the'
' arteries' of a business, and keeps it
healthful and active. ,     .' -
. Shop where-your want!, and needs
are. uppermost'in the mind of tlie
merchant. Shop in-the store which
reflects you'/ which" you ' dominate,.
'' '" i * l       71
Shop where your money return^ to .
you in better goods, better-,
better service.     ■      ■ . -    ) ■■"•l
Shun the shop that is dumb (and"'
dark.," and dreary; keep away-from.,
the shop'that never spoaks to you,
'" '.     ,s ■
never smiles ■ at you, never bother's
' about you.
Reward by your custom the mer-
chant who lives to serve you, - and doing his,utihost'to build up
this community; who takes you into
his confidence by means of, advertisements in your"local newspapers.
.Smile back at the shop which' smiles at .ybu. 7
favor will be returned to you tenfold.
The;District Ledger is the best advertising • ■;, ■
medium in the Crows Nest Pass   It reaches
■;, -   the workers, the people who buy your goods
(Continued on Pago 0)
Write Ideas for Moving Picture Plays!
You Can Wrlto Photo Plays and Earn S25
or Moro Weekly
We Will Show You How!
If you luivo tdoda—If you con THINK—wo will show you tho secrets of this fascinating now profeHslon.
Positively no ox-porlonco or literary oxcollonco nocoBsary.  No "flowory lanKuago" Is wnntod,
The demand for photoplays Is practically iinliinited, tne big nlm manuiautururs uiu moving ami caitli" ill liiutr t...viuiU>> to kc. i.uo.J plot* lo tiupiily i_»e vim l._ucu._].._. Hismuik.), , Tlto;;
aro offering |100 and more, for single scenarios, or written Idean.
We have rceolved many lottem from the film manufacturers, nurh as VITAOI.APH, EDISON. K8-
to aend photoplays to thorn. Wo want moro wrltora and we'll gladly teach you tho BoeretB of success,
V.b AHfc tifc_.l_.Mi .'HOlOVi./V. _i V.H.I IfcN ti*. »*i_.OPL£ V.HC "hfcV&K kitKOrtu WROTE A UNt
Perhaps wo cnn do tho samo for you,    If you can think of only ono good Idea ovory wook and will
wrlto It out ob directed by us, and It soils for only |2li, a low flguro,
CD ETE?   S"nd y°ur r"imA "nti "Mr*!* at ones fer frit copy   of
Pirn RLE.  cur Illustrated book, "Moving  Plctur*  Pli>wrltlno>"
JVon't hesitate.    Don't arfjii*1,
and your future.
Write NOW and learn Just what this new profession may mean for you
1843 Broadway
On  Friday,   December
————-One Night Only—-
America's Foremost Character Actress
Mrs. Annie Adams
Mother of
Maude Adams
In tho Latest Eastern Novelty
r ' "
"The Butler's Secret"
A Positive Dramatic Sensation
Metropolitan Supporting Company Including
'       ■ i * • '
An Elaborate Scenic Production
Prlcos $1 .OO   /be & 60c. Soaia ai Sutitiaby's
Special Christmas Program Tonight & Tommorrow
Matinee  Every Saturday——
Music by Grand Theatre Orchestra.     Five Pieces
Tk 7Xi
r. ■ *:
:; l*
•' . T
- '\  ?.'
TJBffi!7i)gfTBI0T LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C._ DECEMBER 21, 1912.
<yf7 Capitalism
. o    We are hypocrites and our'.clvlli-'
• "_ zation is worse than-a whited sepul-
'■•'" ^k?r:'yAt *h,s "present"'happy period,
,-..  when we are" preaching peace on-earth,
- good will,;we are7driving'1 our'
.children,to death and we.are growing
o /fat and comfortable on .their> sorrow. '
"- An ^investigating', committee' of' tlie
Empire, State—Now York—has • been
'looking Into the .'question'- ofchlic.: la-
■ 'bor.    'It has'found .that many'of-the
;     little luxuries which all our better pe<>
'    'pie should haye aro produced :by tha
children bf the tenements."       ,      '
• Mere babies have sat hour after hour
. knotting willow plumes—arid the wll-
1 low plume should,bo a decoration on
i - a hearse.     That Is where It belongs.
It is tied together with knots of blood.
There Is, a-sob of baby anguish in
every one of them.     Yet they , are
.   popular articles  of adornment, - and
through the padrone system, mostly
run by our Greek and Italian citizens,
■they have become .a badge of infamy.
Much of ,the tenement work ls done
.  by recently arrived immigrants.   They
' may be Italians,   Greeks, ■ Russians,
,   Germans or any other nationality. Why
• did they come here?,, Simply because they were tpld, that this is a
land that is overflowing with milk and
lioney. They come from fields and
the small towns, splendid specimens
of humanity. In short to get a pitiful allowance of. bread.
,    s This Happy Season ',
But just now we are approaching the
i°'' holidays.     These many weeks past
there have been'thousands of shrun-
. ken  little  fingers, deftly fashioning
; 7 the, gifts that make'glorious'the de-
,   partment stores.     There have been
7 thousands of little heads wearily how-
' -ing over the work that must'be done;
not ln order that the Christmas gifts
/may be-finished-in-time, but,,Blmply
- In order that the family will have en-
,■ ought to "eat." .Christmas begins with
them at the opening of the busy season."  -   - .;    ■
• .They pick the nuts for those con
' factions we all enjoy so much.    For it
.they receive   a "few cents "a 'day.
, Though there Is a society for'the Propagation of the Eating of Nuts, those
who have to pick'the nuts have no
- .stomach for them.     They wanVfood.
And on, a basis of 20, 30 br 40 cents a
day',' what "can-you get'?.   Those who
employ.the nirt pickers possibly can
-^nBwerrlnirtlfey~wlll"not." "'" j    :
Women and'men and -little' children'embroider and stitch and crochet
all sorts of fine garments. .
V ■ They do not wear any of thera,
, All those garments are placed out to
th'ein through, the padrone system,
.and the padrone "is the fellow who
makes the, money. He may be an
Italian or he may be rrom New England, but the money that he gets is
covered with tho sweat, arid blood of
our American workers.
The Doll
In somo of-tho high priced stores
—tho" "exclusive store"-^ in other
words, those who exclude pooplo who
have not- money, there are displayed
.wonderful doll sets,,,richly decorated
clothing, undergarments so fine' that
they are models for'the women who
can afford to pay high prices.
Who makes them? *   -s
v The" children of the.tenement. -
And.haveythey doils of tlielr own?
Are any of them iri a'-position where
they can dress, a doll,and cuddle1 it
and own it and clolhe it as they wish?
Not one. *   They, <iro producing these
dolls and the clothing"of dolls for others, and it is from day to day slavery,
so vicious, so'degrading, that the aver-
ago child In' the tenement hate's the
sight of a doll.     It knows the sleep,
less,hours, the bitter pay,,the underfeeding necessary to produce lt.   That
child has a fund of Information gained through actual work that'those who
are Investigating the question utterly
lack.     That child  knows what it
costs in human suffering to clothe the
beautiful dolls In' the windows, and
when any. settlement worker or inquir-
er comes around to.ask questions it is
but natural the child should be lowbrowed and. stubborn and should refuse to answer questions.    The chances are that she never had a chance to
Play with a doll.   All she had a chance
to oo was help dress the doll for Incompetent   people   who   themselves
would, be unable to dress it.
.. The Source of the Christmas Gift
It Is not.the" dolls alone, nor the
candies, nor anything of tbat .sort.
Some of those more serviceable gifts,
wraps, gloves, bags and so on, are produced by the tenement children.
Here is the truth of the matter:' The
contractor who lets out the work, and
the wholesaler who lets it out to the
contractor, and the retailer who sells
the product to the purchaser,'all must
make money. But the people who
make it, including the little children,
earn simply a- living, arid that is a living beset with tuberculosis, rickets,
contagious diseases and other things.
It is a living in which there Is never
enough" tb eat. it is a living in which
there is never a decent place in which
to .sleep. It is a living-so beset with
disease that those who enter" It must
maket preparations.through an industrial insurance company, to pay the
These facts are- well known, and
The ■ children make, bur. Christmas.
It is not a happy "season for "them, but
one of work. arid, sufferjn_t. ' The Society for the1 Prevention-of ;.Useless
Giving might extend their operations
to the' children; , But;that would in-
terfeer with profits.' ■!»-. Still;- we could
do something. - '-We" might; turn the
children out" of the tenements. In
other words, we might break up tlie
home, the sweatshop home, and that
would be a task well t worth . accomplishing.      .     \-''   -1.'"
As things are now the children are
the inost relentlessly' exploited of all
human beings. Suffer the little chil-
dren to come unto'me, says capitalism,
for of subh is the increase in profits:
...      ,__      _     .   ?VfT-'y.
V ;• 7r 7<ys .c4v
- ',-(..t-Jiv
'  "  "4#:'
".y... i
Will Carry Out Findings of Majority
Report of Commission
Tiave~been demonstrated over and^iver
again.'. . Even on Baby' Vanderbilt's
Christmas tree there will be the skeletons of hundreds of children wbo were
murdered to produce the wonderful
gifts with which that tree will be loaded.
Those Cannery Children
■When,we of the poor class sit down
to eat our Christmas dinner, and we
have canned peas, canned fruit and
other delicacies, wo may consider that
we are paying for the work'of the
children in the canneries of this state,
Some of those children got as high as
30 conts a day, for working twelve,
fourteen and sixteen hours.'
LONDON, Dec, 17.—A draft of a bill
promoted by the divorce law. reform
union, proposing drastic alterations in
existing divorce laws, and based on the
majority report of the recent Royal
Commission on divorce, will be" laid
before Parliament early In the new
year.     ■    - y
The society's primary ob'ject is the
extension and amendment of, conditions at present governing divorce and
facilities, "where wives have been maliciously and " permanently deserted,
where there , is incurable insanity,
chronic drunkenness and cruelty..The
secretary of the' reform ■ union, explaining the situation, said:   ''
"The church people hold out the
hope that nothing will happen to the'
existing divorce laws for a time. I
am inclined to think the wish is father
to the thought. - According, to them,
there is no popular demand for divorce. In the same breath they say
that if divorce is allowed on extended lines, human passions will prevail
and there will,be a'flbbd of divorces.
Tbis seems to us like a contradiction of
the terms.    - ■       ■ v -
"As the result of .a very'"careful
scrutiny, I have found that 70 per
cent, of the'newspapers favor the majority report in the main., The brunt'
of opposition to the demand for extended divorce is- borne by the extreme "ecclesiastical party. . Thergen-
eral church party is divided, We have
many moderate church people on our
books. Our experience with them has
broad mindedness in church circle's.
"It seeing most extraordinary -, that
in this age of freedom, we should find
ourselves clinging,to legal restrictions
which have as their origin the most
grasping mediaeval notions."
Compare these <pHces with any
can save you   money.    Should
goods we sell you, we are always
catalogue and you will see we
anything go wrong with the
willing to make it good.
7 Jewel "Waitham "Watch in a Fortune case $8.75
15 Jewel "Waitham Watch in a Fortune case 9.75
37 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune case 11.25
21 Jewel Waitham Watch in a Fortune case   32.50,
23 JeAvell Vanguard Watch    45.00
21 Jewell A. C. Liphardt movement in For-    ' ,
tune Case  ..."    20.00
We guarantee this to be "one of the finest timepieces anyone can carry.
WMe have a very fine 14k Solid Gold Watch, with
a fine movement, for    $35.00
From,75c. to the 8-day Alarm at '  $3.00
■ In Clocks we have them from the fine Westminster Quarter-hour Chime at $30.00 to a one-day man-'
tel Clock at $13.50.
We have some very fine old country Clocks with
bronze figures:   ,
Remember S—We' guarantee them all.
We liave a 7-jewe,l movement, in a good quality
Gold-filled hunting case, with best quality lady's
long chain jn a, plush box for $14.00
Without chain  ' .$10.00
The same ease and chain, with 15-jc\vel movent    .. \. $16.50
The same case.and chain, with   the   very   best
movement made.for a lady's watch $22.00
UK Solid Gold ease, with a fine 17-jewel move-'
mcnt ...., $30.00
See our Single-stone Diamond Rings for $25.00.
2 Diamonds and Ruby, or 2 Rubies and Diamond,
at ..-• ...$25.00
2 Diamonds and emerald $30 to $50.
These stones are all first quality and are guaranteed.
,     f.     - ~i
at I LUMfclV   Coupon given with every cash purchase of 1.00
for December only.    Drawing Jan. 1st, 1913.     See windows.
AC.LIPHARDT,   Fernie, B. C.
■ ii
• ii
SYDNEY, Dec. 17.—The duantlly of
coal sent from the state coal mines at
Newcastle, New South Wales,' to other
states and countries so far, this year
shows an increds© of 25 per cent, as
compared with tho amount sent for the
first nine monthB of laBt year.
- GLASGOW, Dec. 16.—At the annual
meeting of J. P. Coats, Limited, cotton thread manufacturers, today a dividend of 65 per cent. v:as declared
The net profl't'for'the year was $13,-
970,00, which is a decrease of $1,500,-
000 from last year. One stockholder
at the meeting complained that too
much money was put In the reserve
funrd, which now amountB to $35,000,-
000, on a capitalization of $50,000,000.
'he family remedy   for  Cn ghs  and Colds
Shltoh cost* so little', and does  to much I'
TEN GREAT FACTS Concerning the Future of
Athabasca Landing
1. TUB PACT that Athabasca Landing ia tlio
only gateway to tho opening up of tho Now Em-
plro—tho Grando Prairio and Poaco Rivor country,
which has millions of acroB of tho richest farming
land in Wostorn Canada, and a climato most kit-
ablo to wheat growing.
2. THB PACT that Athabasca Landing is sit.
uatod on tho most southern point of the Athabasca
River which has four thousand miles of navigable
3. TUB PACT that Athabasca Landing is tho
wholesale manufacturing and distributing city for
tho' Grando Prairio and Poaco Rlvor Country.
4. TUB PACT that Athabasca Landing lias the
largest flow of natural gas in Wostorn Canada,
which is tho greatest asset to manufacturing con-
5. THB PACT that Athabasca Landing Is surrounded by tho richest oil fields in W^Btcrn Canada.
<i.   TJ1J5 PACT that Athabasca Landing han thn
greatest deposit of asphalt in the world which is
the most needed resource to Western Canada, ow-
ing to its rapid development.
7. THE PACT that Athabasca Landing 1ms a
pulp-wood industry Mich, when dovcloped, will
supply all Western Canada with paper.
8. THE PACT that Athabasca Landing hat.
companies such as Canadian Pacific, Canadian Northern, Tho Steep Bank Oil Co., Tho Great North
Oil nnd Asphalt Co., Amorican-Canadian Oil Co.,
nnd sovoral other private companies enormously
capitnlixod which nro developing these resources.
xi. THE PACT that Athabasca Landing is tho
Northern Terminal for tho 0. N. 11. lines, Canadian
Pacific Lines, Grand Trunk Pacific lines, Trans-
Pacific, MoKonsio and Hudson's Bay Railroad.
10. THE PACT that whon investing in Atlia-
bascn Landing ronlize that you can buy closest in
property at lowc«t prico and most reasonable terms,
\\'\\\\ ovnrv Inf *.nnrnr<ti..v.   ».,. it., l,         i .
roUtiMc Rrfrtiy Firm of Wcslcnj C_______l__.
Fernie Industrial and
Co-operative Society,
McCutcheon  Bros
LIphardt Block - FERNIE, B. C.
Open Evenings
Haul OHlco; Calgary, Alta,   Blanch Offices; Forme, Edmonton, Victoria Moow Jaw Hrmna TMn«_
Albert. Saskatoon, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, l«onl, 1*^ *°3ft
Wo havo just received a largo shipment of Peek, Prean Bisouits.
Hore aro a few of tho kind* we haveiin stock. »»wu»w.
Pnt-a-Cnko  „.,- iK     4ft
Santa Claw  .. .,       | \ \   Z     '    il
mrmuvo xxx....,.,.: 2 h 'ft
Golden Huff XXXXXXX   \Z     *   'in
1'niry Cake  "  '   'JJ
Wntor    ' '*
Toyemdce™::: xxx.xxxxxxxxxxx ^lil' -fi
poutHomTo      .:::::::::::: z :• IS
Mnwoon          XXXXXX   VZ    ' m
Short Broad .,.,                      ''p°r     * 'JS
Adriatic Wafer                 ' '     " 'S
milikin                      per Ih. .00
,""K,n '••■ ,   per lb. .40
Wo have somo choice California Oannod Fruits—Poaw  Pln«,
apples and Apricots, put up in Sanitary Cans, prico po!MUn    30
Ohiven English Plum Puddings, ; por lb.   .45
™ n.VCd thiB WMk' ft fr08h 8upply of Now Zeo,and BUTTER, at
por JD   •      40
«_ %«*e"DMl.qualf^Mamjlttnd Bacon - Bwrt>«'   "Imperfttor"-
Turkey   „.
Geese   , JJ
Ducks.. ■;;; «[
CmcHen  . ^"
Powei '•,.''!!!.'!!".'1'.'.".'.',,>i'*''   :S
'» m
s,\ -
'y^'           n"          Jt                       -f-
o                  ,
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"           -   "
"*              (
- -J.f-   ■ -
. .  il       .   , .       •• • I ,,■ \. ..
~x}xx' 4\y»M%\t\tl€t^t^s ...
' *     *      '       , \ " * *   ^
-_' Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
Medium;. Largest circulation in the District Ad-
rertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of "book, job and
Address all communications to The District Ledger,
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No. 380
ITHIN the next month Feiv.ic will go
through, Uio jciiodic force of rdi annual
municipal election, and so far a leader has not
arisen'to take it out <>J' the rut iut_ which it has
-■ fallen.     So accustomed have local citizens become
to this that'they no longer take an interest, in civic
affairs, and not even an election can arouse them
-  from,their apathy andMndiffercnce.    Thisjs to be
' l'osretted, for only by their concerted action can a
change for the better be effected, aud a council be
elected who are capable of transacting tlie business
of the city in an efficient, effectual and competent
manner. As matters now stand the business men
.. of the city'are the only ones who can accomplish
this for the working men, who form a vast majority
of the city's population, have been practically dis-
i- franchisee!. According to the Provincial Act the
municipal voters' roll closes on the 31st October,
but no one shall be qualified to be placed on the
roll unless he has paid the road tax of ,two dollars.
_ Here, as in other towns and cities of the province',
the custom is to send around a tax collector for this
-. purpose. Elsewhere the work is generally started
in "August and September with a view of giving
every citizen an opportunity of qualifying.     But
, \ not so in Fernie.    This year an official of'the city,
lengthen the tenure of office of, himself and caste
by. posing, as actuated by love of .his fellow creatures, whereas it is his own interests he is subserving, the latterv if he be a "True Blue," despises,
inwardly, if not openly,-, those whp are outside the
pale of his acquaintanceship, and; considers that
the lower orders only occupy space on the earth for
the sole benefit ,of ministering to the wants of his
class. This may. be somewhat bluntly put,- and is
subject to modifications, still as a'generalization it
is not by any means wide of the mark.
When you hear anyone talking about the "goodness" or "badness" of an employer, .it is-evident
that he does not possess the primary knowledge
necessary to understand the mainspring of human
actions. The "good" or "bad", capitalist varies
according to' the divergent,viewpoint Avith which
he regards his material interests. ■ '   °
'Let us assume there are three men who (go into
business (never mind what kind it may be), whom
we'll call A, B, and C. A and B look upon the
men and women employed as merely so many
"'hands,'' all three pay the same scale of wages. 0
is a "good" man—i.e., he looks upon those working for him more or less as human beings; when
when any of them are sick he does not dock them
at all; if^one of the men dies while in his employ
he closes down his establishment, attends the funeral, and where the widow and children are needy,
gives out, of his own puree. "A very good man!"
is the opinion generally expressed. He may be,
according to the conception of some, but considering the intensity of competition with A and, B. lie's
a very bad business man. Time goes on, A introduces labor displacing machinery, B" to prevent
being outstripped does "likewise, both of them nro.
..eon Cgood) business men, who are not in business
fo. their health but for what there's in it.- > They
are entitled to praise for the economy of energy
effected by the installation' of up-to-date machinery. ' - -'• ,
C, who has not pursued a similar policy, but'satis-
fied with a very smallmarginal profit on'the money
invested, is well liked by the people Avorking under
him, but he has not complied with the inexorable
laws of .commerce, consequently, being unable to
instal the energy saving machinery, he finds himself handicapped in the struggle with his competitors. He fails, and the reason assigned is "bad
management." This is by no means an overdrawn picture, but has happened many, many
times. '      ' .
"Good," "Bad," "Right,"-"-Wrong," are abstractions, varying according to countries and conditions,'and are by no means "fixed.", ,:
.today Receive "back in wages only, enough. (on the
average),to pay for their up-keepand the;cost of
reproduction, consequently'they do not- get any
-marginal allowance that enables'them £o_ indulge in
- such -luxuries;, as-" a 'navy^','Well; .then,1'', says "our
critics, "whaWkick has any w.orkingniari against
the'spending of-money if'lie does-'not have to pay
'.anything for it?"   - Simply this, that although he:
does not pay-for'it directly as he'receives for liis
eonunodity- the market1 price. thereof,:he, is itdfsat-
isfied with ^ that, and noting that all'.wars are car-'
ried/on.foJr"the benefit" of the "capitalist class with
•th'e.wcTrkng elassas the sufferers," he is"'openina;;-his
•*■     * r ',-      < -y -",      --1 >   . j ■'- -■ ■  ' - .
eyes to, the necessity of not only; striving Jo/obfain'
more wages but, of ^completely revolutionising: the
existing,methods of administration'for the ruling
elass'into"one-that will advantage tlie whole of, human society.",;. -       ';,' -';   'y  ., \ '- •$ •• '. -7 '"-
Vice-President J.:0. Jones is a visi-   B1GCHR1STMAS PROGRAM
tor in the city today..
Five prisoners leave for Nelson Jail
tomorrow in charge of Chief Hall;  . .;
Mr.,, Raynor,   of   Cranbrook, spent
some time in Fernie on Monday last. "
President. Stubbs took a run into
Fernie during the early part of the"
week.   - - »'
\ We are given to understand, thrvt the
manager." of the ■ Grand Theatre, has
made arrangements with-the film companies for a special selection of pictures-for.j the Christmas week. An
excellent program is,also arranged for
tonight and tomorrow. »
life that Is said tcTexcel-.anything that
has-lierefi)fore"iheen produced. .';
/..The.,production-discloses:-a master..
.hand-'in;_ every:, detail, and'.-the •.'cast
.,' Includes 'some* of ^ the-, nestV linbwn-
.players on the' stage,'among them'Mrs
;,Aunlo7' Adams.,- mother. of Miss' Maud
^Adams, and. whford Lee, whose work
as the, cocaine doctor is .receiving unstinted praise. ..'"."-   ',,-:-.
7  /_*
'    if
is i
fi II
_'. 14
t- '
'who"also acts in the capacity of tax collector, received instructions one, week before closing time to
rake in the shekels. Considering that he had liis
ordinary duties to attend to he could hardly do'
justice to the collection part of it, and as a result
only $200 was brought in, or only 300 people, were
called upon. Why was not this work started in
good time to ensure better results? Is if possible
that our City Fathers did not wish to see too many
working'men on the voters' roll, or is it becauso
tliey did not desire to roi) the poor worker of $2.00
of his hard-earned money? (Please don't.,smile!)
Tn any event, the city is tlie direct loser of some
thousand dollars through this neglect, intentional
or otherwise, or through tho Council's generous
feeling towards tho worker. A city that has to
scrape, scrape, scrape to make both ends meet,
whero water, light, heat, power, assessment, etc,, is
charged for up to the hilt,'the apparent intentional
loss of a thousand dollars, on the.fnco of it, appears
to ho inexplicable. "When the timo comes no doubt
our City Fathers will givo an account of tlieir
stewardship, and ns anything thoy mny have to say
in. that respect will be news to tlie electors, aud
the disfranchised, it will bo of keen interest. In
tho meantime those who nro fortunate,enough to
havo a voto Bhould arouse themselves and interest
some of our capable men to accept nomination.
That a ehango is needed is admitted on all sides,
tlio only difficulty is thnt new and more vigorous
men will not come forward. Concerted action and
a little pressure might have the desired effeel, Why
not try .it? ,
Harold Mlnton returned to town
from college nt Calgary yesterday
Two houses in the Michel segregated area were destroyed by fire on the
19th inst. " '
The funeral of Chas. J. Bulger took
place from tlie Roman Catholic Church
on Thursday.
.We are requested to convey the
thanks of the committee handling this
fund for a contribution of $5,00 received from J. C. Turner, of -Victoria.
, Those desirous of donating to this
fund are requested to send same to J.
AV. Gray, co. District Ledger Office.
Due acknowledgement for all donations will be made through the col-
umnsv'of this paper.
,Qn Tuesday 'night .last the Kail of
,the Knights of Pythias presented;an
animated.scene. ,'A large crowd.of
local--'and visiting knights1''were, on;
hand, when the Cranbrook degree team
put through a bunch gt neophytes. Jn
addition to the Cranbrook contingent
thero were' quite a fow visitors1 from
Hosmer Lodge. At the conclusion of
tho . ceremonies , refreshments, were
served In the Lodge Room, and In the,
early- hours of the morning the gathering dispersed feeling.well pleased
with the events of the night.
The 'local lodge ' meets regularly
every Tuesday evenNtg at 8 o'clock In
their hall on Victoria Avenue.
Your Christmas Turkey at the Waldorf H.iel.'. Raffle on Saturday 21st.
All1 our fowl'are fresh killed.'
The schools break up for the Christmas holidays today, and will .re-open
on Monday, January 6th.
' Dick Bowen is expected to arrive in
town sometime next week; and- his
marriage to-Miss Jennie Johnson is
timed shortly after.      ,
ONR of thn greatest drawbacks to an under
Htamling of tSocinl.Ht phihiKophy iH that of re-
Kimliiifc present conditions, as fixed, nnd hy "fixed" is meant that things generally hnvin been in
tho past much Ihe sumo as they nro today. The
ordinary individual does not think it worth while
to go very far into history, bnt places the beginning somewhere about ono hundred years ngo nnd
from theso promises undertakes to build up an'
argument, ITis reasoning is somowhnt along theso
litiOH, Today there are capitalists and lnborors,
Inst year thero wero capitalists nnd laborers, in
fact, thoy have boon oven boforo my timo. Thon
he may talk about the miuiy reforms tliat have
^lllBlT-TWE"TirrnCrON~DOLLAR8 '"($35,0007
*• ;000). is the tribute which 1he Ottawa crowd is
to give to Great Britain as a practical demonstration of Canada's love for the mother country. Such
concrete filial affection is entitled to the highest
commendation from those in whose interests it is
Let scare head-lines blazon forth:
"The bounteous gift of a Loving Child to an
Anxious Mother.-—A mark of esteem from Canada,
—the brightest gem in the Greatest Empire that
ever was.—The people of this vast Dominion rise
to the emergency of the hour.!'
\ We must cast' aside all thoughts of carping criticism.' Throw down any of those anti-patriotic
utterances so thinly veiled of the "Who-arc-thc-
people?" order, because.this might open up controversial debate not; conducive to that'harmony
which shoilid prevail among'the units-of this great
empire. Thoso littlo Engenders■ (I)- who raise
their squawking voices ngninst this mngnificent
Christmas box nnd talk about the money being
spent to better advantage, ought to'bo incontinently silenced >vhon tho amount is regarded from a
simple per capita viewpoint.
Thore aro, in -round figures, eight millions in
Cnnndn, hence thc charge ngainst each individual
is less than .$-l-.50, and oven that sum Is to bo carried ovor a period of three yoars, thus making thc
annual payment Icrs than .in .50 each. Surely ho
or sho,cannot object 1o Britain ruling the waves for
so pnltry a figure aB one hundred and fifty cents!
Tho heart of evory loynl eitiznn must swell with
pride, even though his cont bo throadbnro, liis trousers baggy at the knees in strict contradistinction
to tho appoimiuco of his punch whon ho notes in
(he daily papers that tho soion oi! tho hard working cIiihh, Lord Rothschild, hns sent sincere congra-
tulntioiiN to TIohiiht—(NTo; not lo the town, but to
the financier of that iinnui)— bocnuso of this splendid contribution from Cnnndn ,to Gront Britain,
lie (Rothschild) is nctuntod by the most exulted
senliiiientH of pn(y)trio1isiii( nnd justly so,
To thoso unaccustomed lo handling largo sums
It may ho of interest to oxplnin how the li'misac-
tion is tron tod, Tho Government of Cannda writes
out tho choquo( a,vory simple procoss), tho Rothschild banking houso accepts this insignificant pioeo
of papor which onableu them to finnnco tho scheme
•ni the basis ol* probably the trivial interest of 4
per cent per n.ui.i...   vlilM. *>». *Mrt"fi"" yiHcy,
Don't overlook the big Turkey Raffle, commencing Saturday 21st;at-ithe
Napanee Hotel. Strictly fresh killed
A .marriage licence was .issued during the week at the1 Provincial Court
House to John ,Cunllffe„, and' Marian
Jennett Ratcliffe; both of Fernie.
, Christmas, gifts will be. presented
to the children bf the'employees-of
the-Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd,?
in Fernie and suburbs, by' Mrs., AY.
Ri Wilson and,Miss,Ruth Wilson on
the afternoon of Tuesday, December
_Mtu_.'nt the Methodic Church.      ,
Distribution'. will be n_ade between
between the hours \of two' and five
o'clock to all. children whose .names
were presented hy15 the'following committee: ','.;,
Aubrey Snow", Thos. Atkinson, R.
Walton, Wm. Dickinson,1 Harry Hughes, Harry Martin; Charles Ward, J.
Lyons, Charles- Edgar,, J. W, s Gray
and Richard"-Derbyshire.'
This committee are invited to at-
" tend ■ the distribution - between the
hours above mentioned.   •_  '     .
Mrs'. G. M. Miller has left for a visit
to her mother in :San Diego, Cal.,r
where she is ill,'; and expects to be
away for two months,
A prominent "member of the Fernie
Socialist' Local ,tbok» unto himself a
wife, for the second time, but as he
is of a -bashful disposition'"we refrair1
from giving his name.
Mrs. FJB. Roberts, up till last Friday manager of the local branch of the
Hafik of Hamilton, has been transferred to Pilot Mound, Man., and Mr. W.
M. Stanley, of Abernethy, Sask., ,has
taken his place here..-..,;-     '  \
Wen ootflhlfahnd hv "froml" mdii  onoli no Civil..ivy
TVwntvoe et nl-. point out tho V<M S.i_dk?.i1 pirn. ' dollars to n  move bnt»ntelle of $VI00.00ft :i j't-ur,
as being a very advanced step towards Socialism
(»ie), hut to get this type to go deeper nnd under-
stand what Ih the impelling factors in the acts of
individuals is difficult indeed.
Tho wagoa system ih in the mind of tho worker,
who understands economics, synonymous with
slavo system, but to tho "reformer" there is nn
basiu wrong with tho wagos system, only its application is at fault. There's where the difference
conies in between thc scientific Socialist and the
"Reformi-itf Tladleal. The latter thinks thnt tbe
troubU* that arise aro fanned hy man's inhumanity
to man nnd once demonstrato the " jimtleo" of the
coho ond U will he changed.
To tbe BooialiH who is nothing if not revolution*
rtHr ih" reformer h n wntor ronfllnmry fhan tho
OUt-Jipokon Connwntivp.   The former attempts to
therefore in the brief space of 25 years another
thirty-five million hn» heen paid out, and there
is Ktill the principal to bo paid, and it is not nt all
unlikely bv thnt time or rsilWin the tntovim ♦._„♦
tho people (I) of Canada havo had aueh an era of
prosperity (!) Hint thoy will ho ready to go into
debt in nrdcr to equip an nerinl fleet, ns the super-
dreadnoughts will he fit for tho scrap heap, if they
havo not nlrendy been consigned there.
Wlint does this colossal sum moan. hYom whose
pockets will it be taken Prnhnhly son..* super
ficial thinker may reply, "From the pockets of the
working class!" Hut it doe« not, because they
havo nover had it in tbeir pockets! True, like every
other product of human labor it doe* eome <mt of
their hides nnd is part of the .«rt.rr.!tn. valne evtra^t"
ed a I, the point of production.    Tho working clniw
J.,W. Bennett, left on Thursday
morning for Nolson, .>where he has
been called for consultation In connection with.the conciliation board applied for by the Western Federation of
Only three more days, left for the
raffle ;ln aid of tlie .Worklii'gmans' Club;
Fernie. There are but a few tickets
left, and all thoso desirous bf talcing
a chance on getting a useful Christmas
prosont should got a ticket or two without delay,'
■.The fanciful romances of olden tim-,
es are receiving the attention of 'the
moving picture producers,''and tonight
(Friday) and Saturday, the two-reel
feature of the Isi-s' Theatre will be
"Uridine," the famous riverside classic
•which has been staged by the Than-
houser Co. '' Those"who have read this
take advantage'of seeing this production, and those who have not heard the
story will be equally interested In this
two-reel feature. ^" '
The balance,of the program will include, "The Simple Life," "Star Ey^js'
Strategy," "The Fugitive," Scenes in
Warwickshire, and also a comedy.
"The' Sergeant's Boy'.' Is a two-reel
Bison feature film which will be shown
at this houso lnrthe near futuro. *
During th,e, abBencoof Mrs. G. M.
Miller, who is absent on a visit to her
mother In San Dlogp, Call., Mr. Chas.
Percy will officiate at tho piano.' „ '
The Veterans' Brigade acknowledge
with thanks contributions- from'the
following gentlemen towards the purchase of an ambulance:
The Trites Wood ' Co.' .'•... \... $25,00
P. Burns and Co.,- Ltd. .'.:..... 25.00
A, McDougal, Fernie Lmbr. Co..' 25.00
Elk Lumber Co. .......''.-.'  25.00
41 Market -Co. '...7.7 j.. 25.00
The Fernie Fort Steele Brew'y;25'.00
Baker Lumber Co.-  25.00
Crow's Nest Trading Co ". 25.00
AdolplT Lumber Co  '25.00
Ross Saskatoon Lumber- Co. *;.' 25.00
The Jewell Lumber Co. ... Tt... 15.00
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. 100.00
.   N   Lieut.-'Col. JOS. MACKAY, Pres
Lieut.  G.  O'BRIEN,  Secretary."
The latest'dramatic sensation', "'The
Butler's Secret/' ■ will, be offering"' at'
the Grand. Theatre,- for ■' one nightf
Friday,, December 27, and ls sure to
be a most interesting engagement.
"The Butler's Secret" "deals with the
political life in one of the eastern'
cities at this "time when "Regulars"
and "Insurgents", are combining for national - recogniz'ation and using, every
deyice^legitimate- and otherwise lo divert public favor. The action.of.the
play is laid in Morrisville, Nr-J., where
a gang of political ringsters headed
by one BillHiggins, are ordered by the'
system to ".put through" the "Gangs''.'
candidate for mayor and beat it at any
cost, a popular and rising young lawyer, a favorite in .'society, and the
-choice of the people. The only hope
tho machine lias is to'find something
discreditable In the moral life of Gregory, the people's candidate, so that
they can ruin his political and social
Influence. - . "' y
-The author, with keen knowledge of
the stage, has not-subordinated drama
for "muckraking," but has given an
absorbing Btory of political Intrigue
into a themo'of. consistent domestic
is used;,
*        .   -i I
-; i
• dr
'„    ' .CRANBROOK,B.C.
• HkaJ.misti.ess, MISS OEKRRINGTON  -
(Cambridge) Higher J.*(kil-Honours Certificate,
Birmingham University .Education.Diploma.)
Assistant, JIiss Hodgson, (Diploma o£ the Col-
lego of Teachers for thc Doo_ and Dumb.)  -.
Torms for boardora nnd -day scholars on ap-~
plication to tlio Hcadmisticsa.    i '   .'
Classified Ads,—Gent a Word
.GIRL WANTED for Country Hotel.
Apply" H. EdwardB," Wycliffe,': B. C. _
. Sunday, Docembor 22nd, will bo observed aa ChrlslmaB Sunday at tho
Baptist Church, Tho choir will render special music and the evoning;
srrvlco will bo procootled by a song
Borvlco, commencing at 7 o'clock, A.
hearty Invitation to nil,
Tlio Baptist Sunday School will ron-
dor a Christmas onntnta on Thursday.
December 20tli, ontltlod "Santas' flo-
eoptlon," whon a numbor of fairies,
bi'ownloN, Indian maidens nnd others
will pay their roupcots to Mr and Mrs.
Srinta, nftor whlcli, Snnta will distribute gifts to tho school. Program will
commence nt 7.30.    Admission 25o.
ANDiansON.-On Monday, Doc. M,
i't Hosmor, daughter of Mr nnd Mrs.
Robert Andaman, ngod 8 yoars old,
J'unornl took plnco on WodnoBday.'tho
nrnrnffomontH bolng In tlio liandn of
Tliomooi) and Morrison,
Local 024 Amorlcnn Fodorntlon of
Mnslclnns of Pernio, D. 0„ bog to
announce tlmt lliolr Charter will bo
opon until .Tnnunry 1st, 1013. All mu-
tlclans ln tho Crow's Nost Pass aro
urged o Bond In tholr applications on
or boforo thnt tlmo. Tho nrlrw fs
rlRht nnd thin is a flno opportunity to
join this grand organization, For
particulars apply to A. D. Cnrrlo, Boey,,
V, O. Box 481, Fornlo, B, C
Tho following offlocrs Imvo boon
oloctod for tho forthcoming yonr:
8oerotary--All)ort Hnrt.    _
Itocordlnn. 8ocrntnry--T). Paton.
Tr«n»u_,or~OBcnr Krlokson,
Organl'«jr~\V, U I'hiUlps.
Literatim. Apont—TI. Mulbon.
Economic (71..»__<«« will bo hold In
lho Library Boom of tlio Minor's Hall
on Sunday nftornoon, comn.onc.n_.
promptly at 2.30.
Tn tho ovonlnu Thos. Franco, of
Coal Creak, will deliver an address on
"Louie" 1ft tbo Uiwrmnt ot th« Minors'
Hall, commencing nt eight o'clock.
Isis Theatre
A Do Lux adaptation ot tlio funiouH nivorsldo Classic by tlto
Tlm n|ic.U8or Co.
For a yonr. nnd a century tho romanco of Undine has boon
tho iioHHOHHlon of tho 1'oadliig world.
Tho Initial Scono Is n bold conception. It servos to fuvnH-
on IntoroBl. A linlf-dozon or moro mnldons uro sporting nbout
a mutis or rooks, 8ucld«nlyvtlioy.plunito Into tlio Hon and
swim to a lono boulder, only Uio top of whloh Is vlslblo.
COMING Wednesday December 25
2— R E E L 8 — 2
« Send tho children to tho matinee
UNDINE will pleaee them'
Come and stay at long as you like
That Satisfied Fooling Comes after
Attending the Isis
GIRL WANTED for general housework'; to sleep in.' Apply,,Mrs. Craig,
McPherson ^Avenue.
- ■*
WANTED—General  '' Servant    for
small family; bullc of washing sent to.
laundry.  , Apply to Mrs! F. White,. 12
Victoria Avenue.   '" •   17-ltp
' WANTED—Teams to hire. for. logging. Wattsburg Lumber Co., Watts-
burg, B. C. •
FOR SALE—TPlayer Piano;-terms arranged. '   Apply, J. B., co. Ledger. •
FOR   RENT.—Foiir-roomod   House
•Apply.    ,W.' Mlnton, Llnclsay'Avo.,'
Annex,,or "H.M.," Ledger Office.'1 '
LOST.—Gold Locket, sot with pearls,
between, Mothodlst Church and Annex,
Finder will bo rowarrlod upon 'returning Bamo to Lodger Office'  * '
Showing pooplo my literature nbout
Port Alberni, tha'great'now-qonport'
of B, C. now being developed by railroads and other vast IntorostB. Splon-
did seller. Liberal commissions;
prompt sottlomoiits; good mntorlnl to
work with. S, J. Wilson, 118 Hastings Street Wost, Vancouvor, B, C.   3t
partner wanted for conl mlno. ' Ono
with pit boss papers preferred, Must
linvo .thousand to flftoon hundred dol-
lar capital. Country nnnlc. Proposition will Btnnd clobost Invostlgntlon.
Apply to P. O. Box 135, Plncher Crook,
A, MoDoupll, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-
and Dressed Lumbor
Send us your orders
it ,  ■ i,
STOPS C0U&!!$ v i:\Cli, ]$ CBHTt
.  c
v m*7i>mmm
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■ . ..  ■      -_:-'■   -.' '■ y :-.?»£ '•*•
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,-1 :7t,-.^
"'<_-■ A public meeting was field in'the
Sail, last-week,' for the .purpose of
. -arranging- for rtKe annual Christmas
7 tree. •• - ...- "'. •'■ - y - ■-'- •' ',
,- 7 Tho Bankhead Livery has changed
"_ia"nds_i Mr." Roper having; bought out
, ,€olebrook ahcT Edwards..,
- "777 Alec Watters,-John Clomenson and
Sam, Mulr,' of 'Pocahontas, called here
en'route for the'.pld country..-. W«
are mighty glad to know-that fortune
has - favored ■ them to that extent,' for
' "in' friendship's name we owe them
'much." i' _ '
- A number of; miners' and~a fire boss
from Frank have" started to work
here, and the Company are preparing
for more every week.
y -.Th© new incline to C. Level is progressing favorably with the present
open weather, and C. -Level is to be
pushed ahead making it necessary to
*put on more men ifor some time.
The amount, collected, for
,the children's Christmas tree is at
present $380.00, -_whlch is a very cre-
, dltablo' sum, and the single men of.
the camp deserve special mention for
the way they 'responded for the kid-
'" dies'- treat.       -   ■ ,
■ One of the special-features of .last
' week was the election of District Officers, -also International:'Officers, the
'  result being, as follows:' .C. Stubbs,
"178; H. Elmer, 33; J. 0. Jones, 167;
G. Wilde, 39; A. J.' Carter, 171;'t. W.
Brown, ,36;, for International Board
-Member:, D. Rees. 18; T. Harries, 6;
- .... Wheatley, 187;._Chas. Peacock. 3;
- for Auditors:' . D. Paton,' 124; T.
,' France, 48; J.'Unsworth.. 68; J. Mak-
' ' in,\53; J. Porter, ;ill.   District Board
Member:  NAD.' Thachuk■'elected by
acclamation.   "       - . ■
,-j_    A Pole,"' named Andrew Dobya, who
was "working on the new incline, was
"badly Injured explosion of some
powder that had mis-fire, and is likely
to lose the sight of one eye. -   .   '
Mr! "Scott, mine inspector for this
." district, was through the mines on Fri-
'; day last    ..    .     . :'
■■Mr., Stockett was , a    visitor last
week.'     " r '     ...
. Boarding House No. 2 has been op-
hampers have found their way up here
this week: One individual";has sampled his onelso much that he had to'
renew his- order/ A Ledger - advertisement jays!      "i : ,
To Correct a Mlsaprehension .
We.wish to report that the "colored
"woman" referred to in' last week's
notes was In no way connected with
Mrs. Oliver, who resides in.this camp,
and we" are sory for any - inconvenience caused.. '. - ■ .. 4 ^ .
" Mrs: D. F. Maikland arrived home
from hospital on-Tuesday and is doing as well as can be expected.
Little Billy Marsh (Mush) ■ arrived"
back in camp on Wednesday looking
very well indeed after his experiences
in the lumber camp at Jaffray. The
tipple kids' were pleased to see you
looking so well, Billy. '    • '
-Mrs. H. Murray and little boy .were
visiting friends up' here on Wednesday afternoon: ',% , ■ -,' .
' Mark Branch and his son have taken
over the bouse and furniture 'off. Mr.
and Mrs,, Jonah. Boardman. Say,
boys, how do you like b:-ch:ng?
The Trites .Woods Store£ are
showing some grand Christmas and
New, Year presents. The women and
kids are crowding,, to the store this
week, , .-„, . ■,,
- We wish to compliment W. Jackson
on his work on the heating apparatus
at the club.". There are no, complaints
now of the cold.
The stork visited Slav Town on
Friday morning', Dec.,. 13, and left,a
son to Mr arid Mrs. B. Micheluk. Sorry
to say Mrs. Micheluk is very sick. i
' Celebrations in connection with the
arrival of a" son to E. Micheluk were
kept up on Sunday, when a large number of foreign speaking friends assembled at the house in Slav_ Town,
where' Mutzine,'etc., was doled out to
the guests,    '    "    7' '   s
In. the course of .his employment, a
little before 3 o'clock p.m., on Wednesday,- a 'miner employed in No. 3
mine, by the name of. M. Chevodoley,
was carrying a boom/when he slipped
and broke his collar bone.
If Charles Warlaby, brother-
in-law of.Winounskie (deceased) late of.Corbin, B. C._ will:
kindly communicate with Dis-,
trlct Secretary A. J. Carter,
he will hear ■ of something
whlch-wlll be to his interest.
<_fr"^^^.<_> ^<fr^» •
■caretakers." '   '    '   ;       ' ,y
I A number of new houses are about
,to be erected.'
-' ' The heating of.' the -school is still
a matter ot serious concern to the
trustees,'-for after overcoming the cold
by installing four stoves and a furnace, the school is being • closed' on
account of gas, so that a flretooss
, must now  be added , to  the  school
..  "board or the inspector of mines called in.
"" Wm. Mulr left tho cam)) for the old
■country along with his brother, Sam,
Bill has; been in vory poor, health for
-   some,timo, and decided to go back
"Jiomo to try and regain his health.
The Local Union invited everybody
'>  to' entertainment of the moving plcturo" show on tho 10th.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<► ♦♦♦♦«►♦<►♦♦
♦ ♦
,    ♦ COAL CREEK ♦
Saturday last was pay day lip horo,
The niinos woro Idlo on tho nftor«
noon cltlft, A largo 'number of Creekites journeyed to town to partake of
the nmuBomonlP tho city affords, The
mines thciuro received n largo por-
contuse of patronage
Tlio annual Bondrnl' mooting and
election oC cfl'lfors took plnco at tlio
club on Sunday last, Thoro woro n
very ' largo Aftor the
usiinl preliminaries, the olootion of
tho vnrious officorB, took place, which
resulted ns follows; President, John
Shanks (by acclamation); Vl.o-Prosl-
dont, John Mooro; Secretary, W. It.
Puckey; Assistant Socrotnry, Joo
Buchanan; Treasurer, It, Johnstono;
Auditors, Forsyth nnd Flndlayson,
The following woro oloctod na board
jnoinbors: Dr, Workman, J, T!3, Smith,
J. McMillan, J. Worthlngton, W, Mc
Fognn, T Franco, Stovo Hnll, Wm
Tlncklor. ,,
Santa Clans Is oxpeclod to visit tlio
(Mill) Hall on tlio ovonlng of Doe, 25,
Look out for particulars ns to tlmo,
til.., on the nolleo boards,
Frod Loylnnd, who rocontly,hold tlio
Iir.Bllion aB tlpplo boss on the night
shift, entertained a fow of hln friends
und (icqunlntnncos on tlio occasion of
Ills dopnrturo to his old homo In tho
lltittu of Indiana,   on   Sunday nlfilit
• So i»f nM roTnlTif"'"'T-^r» '"(-vt i\:[. :T;.]
n" i f tho ovnnlnt., .Witt/v' with n .Iin?
of tii. nsunl coloVi'el thlm niioiirh
cvh, ■.. Tho boys do turoly y»,irn
moBt enjoyublo tlmo, Wo fnnoy wo
lionr tho song, "OU, Will Yo No'or
■Con... Bncl. A.mln?" bolnrr wnff/xl nn
tlio broozo.    Good luck, boy.
Quito n largo number of Croolcltos
Availed tlicmsclvcB of, tlio ipoclnl trnln
run down on tho occasion of tho fun-
em! of tlio late Mrs. Mftchln, whose
.loath wai. reported laat weok,
Fred Iilrc.K1!, ono of tbo company'*
Welshmen' on tho tipple, hni devered
liis connection with this company, nnd
It socking fields nnd pniturfli now In
New S-cnland, His place U occupied
row by Mnrk Hugall. Wo lurely
wish yon good luck, nnd a plea««nt
voyngo, Proa.
Quite n Inrgo number of Cltrlitmas
Mr' Thos._Duncan, mine host of-the
Passburg Hotel, paid a visit to town
on Monday. , ">-i.. " ^ - •'. "
* -Mr. A. 6. Bliss, of MesYi's.' Campbell, Wilson aiid Home/ Lethbridge,
was a Burmis visitor this week.
Several Burmis' folks took iin "tlie
concert and dance at Lundbreck last
week end," and passed'an enjoyaible
evening. ,    ",       ' ' ■
Mr, Joe'and Albert Derbyshire received word this week that ther mother had died at Crawford Bay, B. -C.
and left on Monday's passenger to
attend the funeral. The deceased
lady was, a long time resident of
Coleman, and much sympathy Is felt
In tho surrounding district, for the
family Iii their sad bereavement.   ,
Corporal " Wilson, R.N.W.M.P., of
of Frank', took In the sights of town
on Sunday,.' „
•, Mrs, II, ID. Smith was a Cowley visitor last weok end.
Saturday Inst, was pay day here, and
thero was the UBual oxoduB of visitors
to. Blairmoro and adjacont towns.
Mrs, C. IS. ItUBU and Mra. D. Cameron wore Fornlo visitors last, weekend
A smoker was hold Jn' tho bunk-
house last Saturday ovonlng, and tho
bunoh enjoyed rather a good ,timd,
'futz'B dry goods being vory much ln
ovldonco. •   Nuf sed,
H. T. Lloyd completed his electrical
contract -this wook, and turnod tho
julco on for tho first time on Tuesday, and It Ib oxpeclod that tho screens
will bo ln oporatlon (before tho end of
tlio wook.
Tho prospects on the now soama are
bolng pushed aliend as fast ns posslblo,
Mr, ChnlmorH lias completed tho
now addition, to tho pool room, and
also moved tils family from Colomnn
lo town this wook.
Mr. J. C, CliCBtor, our gonial store-
'ccepor, wont oaBt this wook and dame
rumor hns ll for suro this tlmo that ho
Is going to Join tho ranks of tho
Mr, Wl Dunenn, of PaBBburij, hns
tnkon over tho onerouu duties of
handling the Burmln mail bag.
Tho Btork vlsltod tho homo ot L.
C, Stevona on Tuosdny and loft n
fine bouncing hoy, Mothor and child
both doing well.
more his headquarters now instead of
Frank, and has moved- his family up
there. ',- ,- •.'
> Mr. A. C. Beach left on Monday for
Chatham, Ont., .where he Is' to spend
Christmas with his wife and daughter.
During his vacation he will attend a
family re-union of children and grandchildren.   .        7    .
Mr. R.'Bartless, of Blairmore, manager of the Ladies team, visited our
town one evening last week,- acting as
guide and protector of a 'Bmall sample
of .females,1 while they sold badges
and tickets in the interest of their
club. They visited all the saloons
and pool rooms in town and we understand that many were captured until four .bits were produced.
' A party 'of hunters left' town last
Friday for the country to the north of
Burmis in' pursuit of deer. They
had a delightful .outing and. walking
was real good on Saturday, and fortunately for the deer none of them
happened along that' way, or they'
would, have heard the noise of at
least a gun.. The party was composed of Messrs Ed. Donkin, Ed. Acheson
and Jack Miller, and returned to town
in- splendid shape but without their,
deer. '
Next Friday night the kiddies who
have attended the Methodist Sunday
school are to have a hurried visit from
Santa.Claus, sometime after the hour
of 8 Vclock. "_   °_
- We are very glad to be able to announce' in' this,.week's' issue that Jlr.
J. Wilson has , received word from
Ottawa that, he has - been appointed
'post piaster for Franks _ A' little over
a year ago a change was being made
in this office and __we all hoped as
well, as signed the petition, that Mr.
-Wil8ort~sh"ould"feceive tlie - appointment, but for, some reason or other
we were left in the dark, and ever
since" disappointment a lot of- folks
felt that the right man was being
given second place, and now we are
all glad that the powers in Ottawa
have seen with us. Mr. Wilson.has
been In Frank some yeftrs, acting in
the capacity of manager of the post
.office during the terms of two post
masters, and during that time he has
dono his utmost for the public, ln fact,
oftener doing moro than he veally has
to to oblige them. well known
In the town and trusted by everybody. We welcome Mr. Wilson ns our
post master and feel assured that under hlBguIdance everybody will be well
treated. ' •
A hockey game camo off nt Frank
on Wednesday night between the Bin-
glo and married men, Throughout
the wholo of tho gamo tho married
inon got'.the worst of It, but when the
roturn game comes off it is moro than
likely that tho slnglo fellows will got
a trimming,
D. Serra, of Coleman, was a visitor
here on Saturday.
Joseph Grafton was a Calgary visitor last'week.
A group of Bellevue boys, including
Fred Padgett, Arnold Varley,' Ernest
Fisher'and Robert'Cummins enjoyed
a. chicken supper at Blairmore on Saturday^ night. ■
- The presentation' of medals .to the
local footballers as winners of the
Crow's Nest Pass League, took piace
on Wednesday night. '/Superintendent
Shone made the* presentation. _„.A
whist drive and dance was. held In
connection with the event.
The miners of Hillcrest wish to congratulate J. 0. Jones on the success
attached to„election: Here's wishing
Mr. Jones many happy returns.
Quite a sensational stunt was enacted at Hillcrest on Monday,, 16th, when
the popular bar-tender of the Union
Hotel was told that his services .were
rio longer required. It appears that
some difference of opinion - arose between-the bar-tender and the proprie-'
tor, and the result was the dismissal
of our friend. A new man was hired
forthwith, and' for a period of ten
hours Hillcrest was practically a dry
town. The boys didn't seem to fancy
their new friend, so the upshot of the
whole affair was that the '.'man .be;
hind" was told to quit, and our friend
re-instated. A few moments later you
would require a canoe to'pilot your
way through the bar, such was the
return of sentiment. The boys wish
our old-timer many happy returns.
Mrs. John A°McDowell, of Coleman,
paid'her sister , Mrs. Steve McKinnon; of Hillcrest, a visit last week.
Dr. Allan' Ross left to spend hls
Christmas holidays at his home in
Montreal. There are rumors of a
honeymoon trip in'connection>with our
late friend's "visit, but whether Cupid's
arrow will prove effectual or not,on
this trip remains to be proved. His
place is filled by Dr. McLean.
♦ ♦
^^^^1^ ^^0*f^M^^0utf^^*m*G*m 4
Hoimo-movlng Ib being dono, hut
vc:'_ ..'.vi,,;_/. Wuutt 2uk. rAtiutu' uui.-
od wo thought ho wns a whirlwind nt
It, and now It leaks out that ho In only
an ordinary avorago contractor, Of
cou no, mnny obitnclos havo boon In
hln way, nnd tho fault li not all hit
own. Lnit wook lio put tho furnltur*
building of Mr. Krlbba on tho now
townsite, arid nt presnnt ho \n nt work
lifting up the Hardware building,
Mr, Rlobordion moved hla family to
Blairmoro lnit woek.
Rov, Faian, tho Methodlat mlnUter,
who la to roilrio at HIllcKlat, waa In
town n fow daya thia weak.
Efotfionnt Bowers haa mado Blair
Mrs. Philip Hart, of Lundbrook, was
a- visitor ln lown on Monday Inst, on
Tho Rev. W. Irwln wns on a busl-
nosfl trip to Blairmoro on Monday.
Tho Bellevue Local held a speclul
mooting on Sunday to discuss tho.
ronownl of tlio doctor's ngroomont.
Mr, Camoron, thp C, P, It. coal In.
spootor, Is leaving camp for tho Christ'
mns holidays. He will be nway for
a month or flvo .weeks and In tho
monntlme his position is liolng flllod
by Mr. Frod Padgett.
Hallbre va. Beala
Tho wrostllng match thnt was advertised for Sntrrday night waa pull.'
od off to n,fairly i.ood crowd.    Tho
match was a llttlo lator thnn was «x<
pnotod, boonuBo thoro was somo trouble In getting a roforoo,   Mr,   Boh
Loavltt roriiBlng to act on tho grounds
that ho was an Intorostod party.   Mr
Ifllllflon, a wrestler, from Lothbridgo,
wuh askod lo roforoo tho match, and
consented.     After 20 minutes Hall'
bro got a flying fnll against Benin nnd
the roforoo gavo a fall against Bonlo,
TIid .teda!on wu» vory unpopular, and
wuisod a lot of dissatisfaction, nnd
lho two men decided to wroatlo again
on Tuonday night, whon It lBt<_xpon..
od tho hall will be packed to Ita cap*
.amy.     l'nere was also a good preliminary atngod   on   Saturday night
botwoon Frod Bonlo, tho 128 lb, ohanv
Dion of tho Paaa and Bllllo Nowton, of
Saturday waa pay day at tho Bollovuo mine* nnd thlngB arc pretty lively
around town,
Mr, B. W. hug aUitud Mm<
addition to Socrotary Burko'a offlco,
and If tho woathor holds flno It will
bo flnlahod In about two wonka. l!
J. P. Mlteholl, of Medicine Tint, waa
» vlallor In the camp on Sunday.
Mr* ,T. tt. Riidd waa la CalKnvy on
builncDi itit w<Mk
The usual monthly concert was held'
in the Methodist Church on Tuesday
nisht and a^air crowd attended. ' '
. Mr., Caufield, "superintendent of the
cr.l!ieries here, acted in a capable manner as chairman, and his witty remarks were one feature of the evening,
<rsp<_r-lally thoso referring to his baching companions,-
The program consisted of songs and
sketches,, and "as a special number.
Mv. 'Henderson flung a Highland Fling
with much skill and ability. "Oh, my
head, Jim." < The wholo of the artistes wont through their different parts
with the greatest of talent and tho audience aro already looking forward to
tho next concert.'
Mr. nnd Mrs, Wm. Slmlstor from,
the' vicinity of 'Cowley, Alborta, nro
spending tho weok horo with relations,
0. 'Castlorano nn Italian living In
Mlchol was fined Tuosday night by
J. P. Burton tho sum of $300.00 and
costs or nine month In gaol for soiling
boose without a license. IIo wns
also churgod with keoplng a disorderly
houso and was lot go on a suspended
Sunday bolng the Inst day of the
hunting sonson nulto a numbor of the
Nlmrods wero out after t]io big'gamo,
and as a rosult four door woro brought
Into camp by tho following pnrtlos:
Thomns MoGovorn, Wm. Hlllmnn,
Jack Thompson nnd Frank Kane,
A shooting match with rifles at a
rango..of tlu;uo hundrod yards has
boon arrangod botweon Jos, Davy, of
Michel, nnd Wlillo Lewis of Now Michel, , Tho mnlcli Is ior fifty dollnrs
a sldo, also winner to tako loser's
rifle, . Open sights are to be usoil nnd
tho dnto set afiido for mntcli Ib Doc,
What was the mnttor with RUl) tho
skntliig Instructor laflt. Sunday, Was
ho fi'lghtonod of tho Ico brenldng or in
ho shy?
Wo notico old Bill guts his hand In
pr.qtty ofton.
Tt would pay Hugh Mackintosh,
tho fight, promoter, to look Mlchol up
onto In a wlillo, nB wo hnvo Homo coming 'Whlto II0POB."
T. P, can ho hoard these diiyH pran>
Using for tho coming foatlvltloa, Ho's
boen booked for quite a numbor of on-
Rni.«mH»l.tK.        "Put   V-.1trn.itf   l*\   01111
gan'n plnco,"
A bad acoldont occurred at MelnnoR'
lumbor camp, Crow's Neat, oarly on.
Friday morning, A man, who win nt
work falling tlmbor, In somo mnnnor
foil, breaking hln leg. Ho wn« flpnt
to Mlchol Hospital, whoro ho was nt-
tended to by Dr. Woldon, and tho
' reports aro that h« la progressing favorably.
(loorgo Wolaby, of Now Mlchol. Ib
back again aftor having spont a pica,
aant weuk's vacation nt Wnli!jo.
At about 0 a.m. Flrday morning n
fllo Hlurtod In n shed belonging to
the Kootenay Hotol, In which gniollnn
was stored, and Immediately tho whole
building waa tn flames. Tho Ultcl^-n
of tho hotel caught, but tho flames
w«ro quickly overcome by tho mnny
'willing hunda who wero nn t.i«. arnno,
I'M, Slacoy. now at Hlllcreit, paid
a visit    here    Saturday.     Ed. says
there's no place like Michel. -    ?/
Tom Browne, of Corbin, was in MIc-
nel Friday last,' bidding farewell to
his friends before leaving for the Land
of the Mush.
William Carr, of Coleman, spent the
week end here loklng up old. friends,
Come again, Bill.
The election for miners' representatives on the examination board for
coal miners took place ln Crahan's
Hall on Saturday, December 14th, and
the following was "the result of the
election: George Wilde, elected,-with
Joseph Gall and George Elmo being
elected as alternatives.
At the meeting 'of the inside employees of the Michel Collieries, held
Sunday last, the following were elected on inspection committees: Old No,
3 Mine: Wm. Porter and Fred Hutchinson. New No. 3 Mine: Robert
Oakes and Alfred Williams.
Robert bakes has been.elected by
Michel Local Union to represent them
at the convention of the British Columbia > Federation of Labor which is
to be held in Victoria on January 13
The Eagles held a dance in Crahan's Hall,- Monday night. ' There was
a god crowd there and a .very enjoyable time'was spent."
The St: John's Ambulance Association are at $1.00 each,
which admits the bearer" to three
shows'per week at Lockhart's Moving
x-icture Show. The tickets are good
from December 16th to a.Tnuary 1st.
Buy,a ticket and help-the association
On Tuesday Chas. Wiegat, better
known as Dutch Charlie, brought into
camp a mountain lion or cougar,
which he shot on his ranch, 'The animal measured nine feet from tip to Up.
' The moving pictures'shown In Lock-
hart's of the Wolgast-Rivers, and Allan and Barley fights on Tuesday
night were Veil "worth seeing.
A meeting; will be held'in-the New
Michel school on Monday, the 23rd
inst, at 4 o'clock, to appoint school
trusteeso    • '
George McCormick , employed as ..
swamper ' at -Jack'Pigeon's logging
camp, was instantly,killed on Monday
morning by a falling tree.   ^
A turkey shoot will be held on sun-
"day~afternoon at "T" p.m.," the 22ik1
insf, near the new hospital.- Nothing'
but open sights will be allowed, but
contestants may shoot from any poni-
tion The charge is twenty-five cents
i fi.ot. "Here's where Porter gets
hia -fc.'.me."
Who is it that keeps tho inhabitants
ncross tho creek awake at nights by
singing "I love you, Molly, dear"?
Less singing nnd a little more love
would bo much more appropriate for
that hour of the night.
The committee of tho concert to be
held on December 24th have gone
to great exjiens© in providing, an excellent, program for the ovenlng, Thoy
I'.nvo secured the services of n troupe
who have just arrived, nftor having
played to largo houses In tho principal European cities
Wo aro sorry to learn that -Mr,
.lrhnaoh, of tho Northern Hotol, Is
confined to his bed through sickness,
and we hope to hear of his spoody recovery.
some first' class"1 music these days,
Matt Ball paid Michel a visit this
week. Matt came back happier than
he went.
Jack Johnson is on a visit to Michel
but It's riot the Johnson**the white
slave • driver. -
' Wm. Newman has again left Corbin,
having secured a job in Michel. No
place like home. -
Saturday the 14th, was pay day at
tha n'luc-p here and things were pretty
llvelv a „.. f town.
Th. .lau..hters of Rebekah Victoria
Lodge, No. 7, held a basKit social an,l
{tjnr© un Thursday rilgut, and a very
enjoyable time was spent by all They
realized about. $72 from the baskets'
that were sold. There were also
prizes given for the best docoratcd
basket. Miss Maud Johnston tool,
the first prize, the Inscription on her
basket being simply: "To the cross I
cling." Miss Stokes took second prize
for the best floral design.
There was quite an accident on the
_.' P R, here on Moriciay. ___6r_.lrii;.-
when two trains met lc-id-on at'the -,
Dl'uff near the Internation..l Coal Com-'
Piiuy'8 tipple. No one was hun ojct
tept the engineer on one train, vl.-*
received a few burns about the hands
The roads was blocked for severa!
hours, which delayed thc trains going
east and west.   •
Mr and Mrs. Doudt, of Blairmore,
were visitors here on Thursday/ attending the basket social.
Anyone wanting anything in the line
of Christmas goods will do well to call
at the Coleman Co-Operative and have
a look around the store, where they
will find anything that can be bought
In any city throughout the western
provinces at reasonable prices.0 •
Everybody come to the Coleman
Opera House, where they show th©
best pictures to ,be seen anywhere.
Five thousand feet of film shown every
night, good music and and good attention to all. Come one; come all!
Bring the children and give them some
good, clean and Instructive pictures
from all parts of the world. Popular
prices, 10c and 15c. Doors open at
P.45. Show starts at 7.15. ' Every-,
body welcome.
A  Merry  Christmas to you all!   '
. ,,'.....4
'.' -'f^M
• r. • v, $$
• _.  *_-i*?* ">'■
'__*      '   ^r" *^X
-  .7
'    1
.; ■ 'i i
Don't forget to try Easton's
;"     When you want
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
- r
Hardware and Furniture
We have the largest and most up-to-date
=H^3ware^^"Fufniture Stock
in tlie Pass. ■ Everything in
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANK,  Alta.     P.O. Box 90
MIbb Mary Macdonnld ls on u visit
lo Hosmor,
Wo aro sorry to Bloto Hint Samuel
nl chard a Ib Iii bod sick.
Mlko McLean is sick, oik) Ib bolng
looked nftor by tho doctor In Mlchol.
Wo hopo you will soon ho around
Miller Hi'oh, woro In" Corbln UiIh
weok Hliowlni. tholr bIkIUh of tho 101
Hunch, Quito n crowd took In tho
opportunity, mul moat of tlio pooplo
say thoy had tholr monoy'n worth.
Now, Tommy, you hnd bottor buck up
and lot ub boo n fow first cIuhh pic-
turoB from you,
JiunoB Shrii'p Iuih got bis Krumo-
pliono, oo wo filial! bn nblo to hour
Every Night—8 to 10 o'clock
At least five reels nightly, Feature films, Comedies, Educational, Instructive.
Prices 10c & 25c
A  pleasant evening's entertainment, House
comfortable, commodious and well heated
F«. M. Thompson Co*
The Quality Store
Blairmore,  Alta.
This is tho plnco to purchase whnt you need for Christmas
Choice Groceries, Dry Goods, Boots & Shoes
See Our Windows for Crockery. Tovs otc, SuitnWo for CHrislmas
* kS^otwuwii
630 Boxes  Choice Apples,   $1.75 Box
Just received a complete line of choice new Frtiits, Nuts and Candies. Try
a box of Rowntree's Special Chocolates and Fruit Pastilles, thc most delict*
ous candy on the market.
Children^ Christmas Stockings 10c to 85c
Onr splendid assortment of Toys for Little Ones arc priced at our usual Low
Margin. Don't forget Our Motto; The Right Goods, The Right Treatment;
Thc Right Price each and every time.
!)    I Marxian
of History
By Richard T. Ely.
Marx's followers boast particularly,
of two discoveries which he matte—
viz., the correct stheory of the development of history and his doctrine of
His theory of history is that it is a
development, and is shaped at each
period by the economic life of the
people, by the manner in which goods
are- produced aud distributed He
takes, as liis starting point, the fact
that men must eat, drink, wear clothes
and find shelter from rain, snow, and
cold.- Art, religion and science come
after the satisfaction of these elementary wants. The production of wealth
by slaves gave form to the history of
thb classical world, while that of the
middle agesls dominated by serfdom
and its accessories. The governing
Idea of the present age is capitalistic production—that Is to say,
concentration of large masses in factories running a race with immense
machines, and systematically robbed
by their employers. When we take the
view that history is a growth governed by the necessities of production, past ages do not seem as inhuman as they otherwise do. It has
hitherto been necessary that-the vast
majority should toil incessantly, while
only few devoted themselves to t.he
pursuit of the higher goods. The
processes of production were so primitive and imperfect that it was physically impossible, for the many to enjoy leisure for cultivating their minds
and bodies. Hence it was that the ancients regarded slavery as necessary
and natural. Plato and Aristotle both'
considered it a law of nature, just the
,same as it had hitherto been supposed
that private property irr land and capital was a law of nature"; whereas, as
already shown by Rodbertus, they are
all only institutions'of positive and
changeable law. • Private' property in
the instruments of production ■ can be
abolished,., as private property in human beings has been: , This abolition
could-not, however, take place until'
society had made such an advance in
the art of producing goods that all requisites for human existence and progress could be produced without requiring the unceasing toil of the vast
majority. That time has come. It is
now easy to leave leisure to each one
to make the most of himself. ■>   Aris-
words which sound almost like, a prophecy. In his "Politics" (I 4) lie use?
this language: "Every'servant Is ail
Instrument  more valuable than any
- ether instrument. For If every Instrument at command, or from foreknowledge of its master's will, could ac.
compllsh its special work—If the shuttle thus -should weave and, the lyre
rlay Itself—then neither would tho
architect want servants nor tho maBter
require' slaves." These remarks seem
to contain a dim foreboding of the
marvelous inventions of machinery
and haB substituted Iron and steel for
bono and musclo.
A feudal aristocracy, was. once re-
quiied to protect and guide industry
£nd agriculture. The growth of the
bourgeoisie in the cities finally .rendered feudalism, an1 antiquated institution, and it had to make way. for
the third estate, under whose guidance
wealth has increased' marvelously
and laborers have been gathered together and organized. But the bour-
geoise has fulfilled it's mission. It is
now but a hindrance and an obstacle.
The repeated crises and the continued
concentration of property in the hands
of a few mammoth millionaires proves
conclusively that they are,not equal
to .the task of leadership. The time
.'ias arrived when the proletariat, the
iom th estate, must take the reins into
its own hands. It is now to play the
grand role in the history of the world.
"With the continually decreasing
number of the magnates of capitalism,
who usurp and monopolize all the advantages of the changed form of production, there is an accompanying increase in the mass of misery, of oppression,^ of ' bondage,, of degrada-.
tion, of exploitation; but there also
arises a revolt of an increasing class
of laborers, who have been schooled,
united, and disciplined by the mechan:
ism of the capitalistic' processes of
production. The monopoly of capital
becomes- a shackle to the method of
.production, under and with which it
has growji up. The concentration of
the means of production and the association of laborers reach a point
where they are incompatible with
their capitalistic shell. The 3hell
is broken. The death-knell of capitalistic private property- sounds. The
expropriators are expropriated." ^ Thus
dawns a news"and better era in the history of human development.—"French
and German Socialism."
(Continued from Page 2)
good profit - for those manufacturing
and handling it. -    .
"Peat powder is the- latest development, in the industry and it is not
- d*»»i._Giy=*t__is.,—tiie=governmenL-iiiay-'=ije--
foreVlong start experiments ln this
connection. An extensive plant has
been erected at the black peat bog
near Ljungley; Sweden, ..for the .manufacture of this powder for heating purposes. t-Ttie inventor states that the
cost of manufacture will not exceed
$2.10 a ton and that the cost of a complete plant with a capacity of 20,000
tons annually will be about $10,000
(not Including a bog and the transportation of peat.)"
Sea samples of Christmas Greeting
Cards at tho Ledger Offlco.
. Is it possible that this thought, so
simple to grasp, points the, way to
the righting of all -the wrongs of-labor
and to the. final emancipation.of the
working class? - Is it the short cu'.t the
royal road, leading clear and direct to
the, end we seek? Or is it but another snare and delusion that may lead
tlie working class astray?
- Surely there is no other question
that so 'much merits inquiry as this
one. > '
What is the origin of the idea of the
general strike?
Is the general strlko realizable? If
it is, how and when?
Is the general strike a weapon so
mighty that lt shall be used but once
nnd that to finish the present- epoch
nf society?''
Is it a weapon to be used for small
ei d8 and big ends indiscriminately?
' Is it a means of action that makes
political, and   economic organization
Let us hear those for and against
the general strike.
We' want all the light possible. And
this I shall attempt to give in. the
articles to come.
Our whole happiness ap a nation depends upon the fact that poverty :s
inevitable. Knowing.' beyond jperad--
venture of doubt, from Holy Scripture
'■■nd other .high authorities, that wo ni'e
always to have the .poor with us, we
can, act accordingly. It would, therefore, be the. sheerest roily to make any
sincere effort to get rid of it: 7.
Knowledge ls 'power. -■ Arid so we
can confine' cur attentions to putting
poverty on a permament basis. When
wo find children who have been born
in the slums, we can make every effort, by the sweatshops and bad 'air
and indecent surroundings) to keep
them there.        ' ' ■. '"
We can teach them that life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness were Hot
spoken of ,the poor. - We can teach
thera the Christian doctrine of being' tnt with their lot- We can organ-
he charities which, will bring home'to
those unfortunates the fact that'other
people are better; both economically
and philanthropically. . .' .
Ml these<and many other things'we
can do when' once "assured that the
poverty supply wllI'Tiold out. On thf.
other, hand,- if -we thought there was~
tlie slightest chance of getting rid of
'poverty, we should be worried to
death. For, after all, though we may
not be tender-hearted, we are at least
selfish and we know that we cannot
Hvo side by side with poverty and ita
necessary concomitants without affecting our minds and Infecting our bodies. ■ •
And so, If thero were anything wo
could do we would off witb our coats
like good fellows. We would become
as much Interested Jn the prblem as
we now are in aeroplanirig, baseball or
Christmas. We would not leave such
an Important matter as dealing with
Creston Fruit Lands will make
you Independent
$751.00   Prom % acre Tomatoes.
$500.00, Prom 1 acre Apples.
$950.00 ■ From 1 acre Strawberries.
-. .These are a few figures of what has been accomplished in the Creston district.
\ 1
We have excellent acerage to sell'. No irrigaT-
tion; markets excellent; no transhipment. . Now is
„the time to prepare for the future.,
Burton City
We have some acreage in this well-known district
at. prices and conditions that an examination will ■
show fire of exceptionally good value
Estevan, Sask.
. A town that lias but one resource is a dubious
quantity. - Buy in Estevan, which has Coal, Clay,'
ALement, Stone, Farming Country, Railroad and In-
dustnal Development. A Pew Lots left in the Mile'
A few Lots Left
Prices Increasing Rapidly
."   <
Eckstein Building, Fernie.B. C.
Agents for Several Old Established Fire Insurance Cos., (Board)
poverty to society ladies with an occasional'day off, or other casual dilet;
tames who.-in.the very nature of-the
case, can do no more than provide the
poor with jails, Christmas dinners,
wood piles and sympathy.
r,<«>w "•_-,--- -i
There was a man in bur town,-
And ho was wondrous wise,
Ho swore (It was his policy)   •
He would not advertise.
But on© sad day he advertised,
And thereby hangs a tale,
Tho ad. was set in quite small type,
And headed "Sheriff's Sale."
- —Lethbridge News.
Some Good Things for
— Christmas ———
Some of the good things you can get at our store
Turkeys, .
Mince Meat,
Chopped Suet,
Jellied Tongue,
Laurentia Milk and Cream, in sealed bottlos; will
keep perfectly until opened. _<
Try our "Shamrock" and Cambridge' Park sausages,
they arc tho best on the market.
Ubo ova Mliico McttL aau wave labor,    You cannot
make better at homo. /
Our 141b. boxes of Creamery Butter are just tho
size you noed at this time of year, so you can save money,* >.'
by buying one.
U-  >\ ,-i
P. Burns & xCo., Ltd,
Phone 31
Prom&i Delivery
for Men
,   Special Xmas price 35, ,50, .66, and .76
MEN'S FINE SILK NECKTIES (In individual boxes)—
Special Xmas price , ,",., ,50, .65 and .75
Special Xmas price 35; .60, ,65, .76, $1 to $3.60
Special Xmas price ; 35, ,50, .65, .75 and $1
Spocial Xmas prico : .', .75
Spocial Xmas prico  $1,25
Spocial Xmas prico 75
Spccial Xmas prico $1.60, $1,75, $2,00, $2.26, and $3.60
Spooial Xmas prico $3,60 and $5,00
' Special Xmas prico  $2,60
Spocial Xmas price ,,;  $1,26
A Fulll Line of Fine and Heavy Shoos Always in Stock,
My storo is small, but I prido mysolf on tlio larffo nnd wolMnssortorl
stock 1 carry, Jt would be a pleasure) to havo you call nnd lot mo
pravo it.   Money refunded on any Roods that do not give sntisffietion.
t—^t ___T!m m ff 5 tfcsJSfc       H   II m       M ^Nt tF%\ mM II H H If
Men's Fine Furnishings
•     Jl^A^K.-x^   |.ilAl(^ . to.
~ -> ",   ''vr/fi
X v-
,. w
r   ,
' . I>1   '
. 1*''
<••; ..v.
P.F. WHELAN, Manager
i '•■ y. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 25th, 1912     v,:'"
"■  Celery,     •     '-   -'" v'01_ves '      ,        ' Mixed Pickles
'   '  •   -, Soups ' * •   -:.'''S '•   • '
.Cream of EaBtern Oysters; Consomme.      Ox Joint a l'Anglaise
.'■"'- 7 '■- -■■-.psh • y   .,     ,,
Stubb of Whltetlsh , Fried Tenderloin of Shark
-'.a Ia comme 7 '   ■" , . .Tartar Sauce
Boiled Lake Superior Trout Hollandalse Sauce
*'■ '".■'-,- Salads _ ,
Green Lettuce Salad Olympia Oyster,Cocktail
Asparagus Mayonalso Dressing
Boiled     ''
■" -' . Leg of' Lamb, Parsley Gravy
Sugar-cured Ham, French String Beans-     ,,
'   ( .       „ Braised Mallard Duck a la Champagne .
' , Entrees '     " \-
Fried Oysters, breaded sliced iemon
Fruit Compote Whipped Cream .
Spring Chicken unjointed, broiled a la'Petlt Pols
' ■   ~ -- ■   .. • Roasts
Sirloin of Beef au jus.    ,      Southdown'of Mutton Mint Sauce
.    Young Turkey Canada Dressing and Cranberry Jelly
Domestic Goose with Spiced Apple ,
.   ;      Vegetables,
Steamed and Puree Potatoes      French Peas      Sweet Potatoes
" - Pastry ■,
English Deep, Apple Pie
,    Boston Cream  Pie- , ■   < Hot .Mince Pie '
.,.-''..' Dessert
-.;   English Plum Pudding','Brandy and,Hard-Sauce    ' .   '"  -
y''Scotch Trifle'. ■ .''', ■>    . Chocolate Russe
Lemon Jelly"    '■-•   ■ Strawberry,Jelly Pineapple Jelly.
,   Banana.Ice Cream, Christmas Fruit, Cake, Lady Fingers
' , ,. i "'"','  French Jelly Roll'.     '_■-    .,' 7  "  '
,,' Assorted Fresh Fruits.', ,.       McLaren's Cream Cheese
'   "'' Cafe Nolr
Strictly Fresh,Killed
•X>' .      _,'  ,' .      ■'.'   °    , T '■■
j_.,,i ;,->'
*.,  The finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars served by com-
petent and .obliging wine clerks. •
SELLS STEPCHILD     . .'-. f'
>"LOGANSPORT, Ind.,' Dec. '16,—Accused of selling her. 13-year-old step-
■ rich bachelor farmer, Mrs. Rosa Hat-
' - field was placed in jail here today un-
' der $5,000 bonds.    'Burton was also
held in a like sum. Tbek girl's • story
ofmaking'two or-three,visits weekly
tp Durton for months on threats,and
promises of fine clothes from' her, stepmother resulted in'their arrest on
TTidayTflght. !Tlie~chii"drwK"Is"con~
sidered beautiful and is-large, for, her
age, is in the care of a member of
the.board of children's guardians.
I am the Christmas Spirit..; ; •
-.'•I am a thoroughly  well-meaning
Christmas Spirit and, •' in'many- ways,
Ifee! as vigirous aB I ever did.;' ">   '
: I try to ingratiate iny way into the
hearts of all human kind and'bring
them good cheer.
I- try to recall' ta0 them ;the"'great
benefits of kindliness and generosity.
f. . •■--.-'
', I do.not aim to be a hard taskmaster.       -,; J'   ;' 7■ '   .- K.   '
I ask the people for a single day in
each year to,pause in.their headlong
race for power, preferment and'pelf.
I ask each one to fill his,heart with
love,-.his hands with girts and.scatter
his -benefactions broadcast upon the
poor, the needy and the friendless.
fl do my" best, but; I find it pretty
rough sledding these days:
j I am told by business men that they
are entirely in sympathy with my
movement, but they haven't time to
participate. Occasionally they give
me a little money, but it is cold, oh,
bo cold!
I am told by many tidy little housewives that: tliey should dearly love to
help me along, but that the' cost of
living is so high there ls little left
for extras., ' '       y
„I find it hard to, get in touch with
the great army of clerks, for they are
extraordinarily busy. ' But when I
finally do steal a moment of their time
I am told they are too. tired when
Christmas comes, to yield tp tht.-Christmas. Spirit. . , •
I try to interest Mrs. Climber and
Mrs, Oldtree. _. If I succeed in forcing
my, way'through "the bodyguard' of
maids, modistes and "milliners, I find
both of these ladies,alike. They tell
nie that their<social duties consume all
their time and that !_. must see their
secretaries. , The Christmas . Spirit
cannot do business through secretaries.
I'often become discouraged.'.
I often fear that I am a relic of a
blessed uncivilization-.
• I am getting'so that I actually dread
the annual ceremonial in my honor.
I often wonder whether once a year
ls not. too , infrequent for a matter
of such importance to the*race.
cv , ,, *-
I wonder if it wouldn't be better to
have'Christmas once a month and then
we would get used to it. We would
get the' habit. ■ We-would, keep' in
practise and know .what to,do with It.
We would not make fools of ourselves
and a mockery of the day.
"I do not know) but at all events I
am-not-wholly satisffed-withrthe-trend'
of things.
I do not know.
I am the Christmas Spirit—"Life."
The following is a.copy of a letter
that is being. sent out by a labor
agency in Vancouver, to miners all
along the Pass. The'letter.'''speaks
for itself, but special attention may,
be drawn to the "P.S.," which to use
their own words, "is not only 'grossly exaggerated," but is downright malicious and intentionally false. <■ The
letter reads: ■      -T
Dear Sir,—You have had, we understand, extensive experience in coal
mining, and as there are a few positions open here with a newly developed mine, as fire bosses or shot lighters, it' occurs tb us that employment
there might appeal to you. ■. i
The positions pay ?3.63 for 8 hours,
or $100 per month, with most excellent opportunities for advancement
to positions as overmen or foremen
and mine managers. *
. This is a splendid opportunity for
advancement if you are planning to
prepare yourself for positions of this
nature,- as the company is newv and
rapidly developing its properties. It
is as a consequence looking for good
men who are ambitious to get ahead
and fit themselves for positions of
trust and" responsibility.   '
,-- The company is spending some
three, million dollars '•in development
work and when this work is completed
it will be undoubtedly the most up-to-
date and largest coal mining company,
in Canada.    ■ -
We are writing you as we-thought
a connection of this kind might be
attractive to you,''particularly as lt
means coming to the mild climate of
the coast, with excellent prospects,
modern mining conditions, new.hous-
es, good schools and all the coast advantages.
Would suggest that you give this
matter the most thorough consideration before anything and if you or any
of your, friends are considering a
move to the coast, it might be well to
have some one look into conditions
for you and report to you what they
.On the enclosed postal card will
you kindly advise what you think of
the. proposition.
-   Yours very truly,
J. H. \V .
P.S.—You may have noticed the
newspaper accounts of labor troubles
at the scene of operation. I can say
to you, however, that these troubles
are grossly exaggerated. They are
rapidly drawing to a close and the
men are-,return!ng to work every day.
'       .       .      COKE WAS WRONG
COLEMAN, Dec. 14.—An article in
a iecenl issue of the Vancouver Province tends, inadvertently br other-
A' create the Impression that the
butjut of coke by the International
Coal & Coke Company, of Coleman,
tus fs leln below that of former years
and that the recent fire, which destroyed the company's machine shops,
bas crippled its producing power.
The facts of the case are that very
soon after the International Company
Installed its coke ovens here it has
been supplying tlie British Columbia
Copper. company's smelter at Greenwood, B. C, with .all the coke it could
produce, and the., company is now
working under a contract, which extends for several years yet, whereby
the Greenwood smelter takes the total
of the coke ovens at Coleman. Heretofore the Copper company has been
getting what coke was needed, over
»nd above the output of the International Company from the Leitch collieries- at Passburg, but the closing
down of the mlneB at that place has
rendered it necessary to look elsewhere for a supply ot coke. There
uas been a greatly Increased demand
for coke at the Greenwood smelter owing to the increased output of copper
•y ■
and arrangements ' iave \to«en J'iaad«t;:>
with, the'Crow?"Nest PaBsfCoalfCo., ,_
operating at Fernie 'and'New.Michfe»r«
for sufficient coke to make npsthej'de-. -
flciency. '.   ,' ''"'•' . *y;j';-'-y
The fire'.which destroyed the;c6mf7
pany's machine shop here a month ago-,-/
did not interfere .with the workings of.
the mine for 48 hours and had no ef-7;
feet whatever. upon. the coke ovens.'
Th© output of coke, from*the* Interna^
tlonal mines ■ Ib steadily growing .in
volume and the year 1912,'the ,
close of the November" business, but
exceeded  that of  1S10,   the  banner'
heretofore in the history of the mine,
by some 8,000 tons.    '' y   '" f-y v-
.">■_.. <-r^
y i,
a* • '
LISBON, Dec. 14.—Famished wolves   -
yesterday devoured  four persons in" }
the vicinity of Beira.     Large packs
of the starving animals have come
down  from   the  Sierra da  Estrelle   '
mountains  whence  they  have  been
driven owing to the deep snows and
they are terrorizing the low country.
They visit lonely farms at night and
persons   traveling   alone   along   tho
roads are In constant danger.
, 'Sl
Now is tho time ta. break all the resolutions you intend to make for 1913.
Scene from the latest dramatic sensation, "Th* Butler's Secret,", at the Grand Theatre Friday, Dec. 27th
y    <
\h   < •'
of Alberta
Mother's Favorite
Best Baking Results
"T      i mi" 11 ■    ^^^
S  £p*E. af 5 ff_2 ff       s^?s S 5 B S ■ 5 simw
CoiTipstny, l
Lethbridge, Alberta
■f**i**v*m4k*fmim Store Open
Every Night
, Until ten
From ^ ##^
Every Night
T U ST three more shopping days before 'Christmas. Every day nowltheChristmas!gift buykg^irorig
J   will grow in numbers.    Early selection is urgently advised in order! that we may render^ perfect
semce and give painstaking care to each individual customer.   In every essential feature this store is equipped and stocked to
meet a general holiday patronage.   The prices quoted exemplify to a marked degree the strong value-giving ability of this ptor^
Practical Gifts
' ■ i . <• • ' "'
Give Him a Suit  Practical Gifts
for Women
W \        i'    «
Auto and Opera, Scarfs.—New Silk Auto and Opera Scarfs with fringed
- ends, m all the new delicate shades and color combinations.   These are made
m generous sizes.     Priced from  ' ;...'...$1.50 to $6.75
An extensive showing of the most wanted and new creations in ladies'
Collars, Jabots, Side Frills, Collar and Jabots attached, Bows aiul Tabs, in
white, cream and color combinations: The new Robespierre Collar is very
prominent in the assortment.     Priced attractively from 25c. to $1.50
We anticipated the demand for practical gifts some months ago and are,
prepared to offer you extraordinary values in real leather bags.   We call
particular attention to Bags from v ■ $5.00 to $10.00
These are genuine Seal Goat, with real leather linings', fitted with coin
purse; in the new shapes with long, soft strap handles. The frames are all re-'
intorced to ensure service. The mountings are gun metal, silver and gilt, and
the range of styles is complete.    Prices range from .' $1.50 to $12.50 '
-  Never before'have we prepared so extensively "for the holiday season in
the linen department.     Our lines are still complete and is there anything
more acceptable or useful than Table Decorations? - ■ .
New Patterns .in Table Linen . _ -.....,,'; 75 to $ 1 75
New Patterns in Table Napkins  .......... X XX.. X. X. _$L50 to,$ 6i00
' labie bets .   -.    ;    _    , ?750 t   $lg 0Q
g^vS *   •••, ,-/...':-...'.: ,    MO to $4.00
A suit of clothes, in
addition, to being a
most useful and sensible gift, is always
welcomed by Jhe recipient.
^ i -. ,-
.    _ M -• L
If you decide to give your
boy a hew Suit for Christ"
mas you will be interested in
our new stock of Boys' Two-
piece and .Three-piece Suits,-
with plain or bloomer pants.
.. e have the new Tweed effects in all the latest colorings.  'These are very styl- "
ish, ,   well-made     garments
and our guarantee" goes-with
every Suit.-      .       -,   -    -
Prices,, range from
$3.50 to $12.00
Buster Brown
*    Suits
"Embroidered Towels
.$1.00 and up
Tweeds, Velvets and Serges,"
.__iti___i] ]___-_'_. AttjPiv*"*^—***-''—--**-s-^.	
-+u v**i-ui_f_.v(5-A.tOin-v-tuT7i—A'CurisT"
Prices from . .$2.50 to $8.50
Brilliant Comb Sets
x. J*r.illiant Com^ Sets- '   Pine Hand-carved 'combs," set with real sparkling
rni ?}Sm -J3ach set consists of avpair of side combs and one back comb; $4.00
to $«>.00. .     , •     , „
> l l . , ." """
Fancy Linen JXowels
Fancy Linen Towels in embroidered, hemstitched and scalloped end; all'
pure linen, full size and new patterns $1.00 to $2.00 pr.
Souvenir Handkerchiefs .
tt Souvenir Handkerchiefs ;U11 pure silk. „ ,,One in Hemstitch, full sized.
Handkerchiefs with the B. C. Coat of Arms embroidered; Souvenir of Fernie.
Each  >..  . ....       -    ,
_ Our line of Ladies' Neckwear is complete.; Every new idea that has Dame
Fashion s stamp of approval on it is represented in our stock. Priced specially at from  ..: .... ?-......
specialise, to $3.50
Gold-Handle Umbrelles
Gold-handle Umbrellas,'■ in pure silk and silk gloria covered.*    Beautiful
carved gold and mother-of-pearl handles; steel frames.', Prices $3,75 to $10.00
Practical and Seasonable Gifts that are Appreciated by Men
Pure Silk Ties, put up in fancy
boxes, at prices from....50c. to $2.00
A great variety of Silk Ties aro
shown In all the newest shadei., made
up ln flowing ends nnd French seams.
Prices  25c. to 75c.
Knitted Silk Ties in all combination., of color.     Special  50c.
Knitted Silk Mufflers with fringe,
In gray, navy, white, maroon and,
brown, at   ■   $2.00
Knotted Silk Scarfs, stripe effects,
with fringe to match,..,$2.50 to $3.50
Plain Silk Mufflers In two-tone effect, grey, blue, brown, green, white
and black, In four qualities, $1.50, $2.00
$2.25 and $2.50.
Wool Mufflers  , .50c. to $2 00
Plain Silk .........each 35c. to 50e.
Fancy Bordered Silk..35c, 50c, GSo.
White Silk with Initials, oacl_..50R.
Souvenir Handkerchiefs, each ,.50c
Initialed Linen ....35c, 3 for $1.00
Plain Linen HcmsUto'ced, each..25c
_i.xcc-.da, plain wnlio. 2 for 25k,
•'.xce,d_i, with fancy boder 15 for 2'_
, Black Silk Handker.MofB, all sizes,
from soe, to $1,50
Men's and Boya' BrRceH, all makes
and colors  35c. to $1.00
Braces put up jn. ftuicy boxes, Irom
25c. to $..50.        *        ■  '
Brace, Sets, Including Armbands and
Garters, in' fancy boxes ..... .$1 to $3
Sox and Tie to Match in box 75c to
Armbands In fancy box«B, all colors, >
oach  ; 25c to 75c.
Cuff Links  ,25c to $3.00
Tie Pliis  ...25c to $10.00
Watch Fobs , $1.50,to $10.00
Watch'ChalnB, guaranteed, $2.00 to
Nickle,Watches for boys  $1.00
Pocket Knives of nil descriptions,
..ranging ln price from ,., ,25c to J2.50
Wntch Fobs of ali kinds.
The celebrated Jaeger Pure Wool
Smoking Jackets, finished on pocket
nnd cuffs with reverse plaid, $10 to
$15.00. _
Jaeger Drosslng Gowns [ and Bath
Hobos in all colors, with cord trim and
girdle lo match, at ... .$15.00 to $22,50
Bath Robes lu heavy cotton older-
down, with covd ami' girdle, In blue,
brown and grey, at $5.00 to $6.00
Shoes are Nice Gifts
•     Th«F°al_Pro1,lc,» ()C "What Shall T Givo!" is easily and quickly solved
in our Shoo Department,
The Skating season suggests Skates and
Shoes. \\rc have the nowost and best in
Skating Shoes:
Men's Lightning Hitch Shoes from $3.50
to $5,00
Hoys' sizes, 1 to fi,   from.,, .$3.00 to $3,25
"    Youths' sizes, 11 to 111, from $2.25 to $2,75
Moccasins for Men, Women nnd Children
in ]..i.!..sl_ii. nnd Cordovan. These nm now
in domnnd, boing used oxlensively with snow
In blnck cloth, brown corduroy and loutli-
or. This ninkes mi ideal Xmns gift. Prices
from  $1.10 to $1.25
Men's ..libbers, mndo cupocinlly for snow shoeing.   This is something
v nnd makes Know shooing n real pleasure.     Try u pair.
Snow Shoes
Men m, all hiiupoit and sizes  $d.25 to
Ladies', all Hlmnrs und s.i>.e>> $3,75 to
Hoys' nnd Girls'  	
Going Skating?
Kvervhodv ih cnim» tn Slcjitc il.'« ivmt.M-- H*w tit,*,, tn ;/... 1,.,.,,. irt,;
ico is in good tflmpc. We linvi. prepared for nil your needs in this lino with
a complete range of Hockey Skates of the best makes; nlso Spring nnd Bob
Skates in nil sizes for Mon, Women. Hoys nnd Girls. A pair of Skates makes
tlio molit appreciated gift of nil.    Price* range from COo. to $3.25 pair
Christmas Specials
Fresh Killed Turkey  por lb .35
■ Cranberries   ,  .2 lbs. .85
j msnips .....',.,. 1,,,,  1..... 111 < >. 1.. 11.0 ins. >«D
Sweet Potatoes   4 lbs. ,25
Fancy Hating Apples A lbs. .25
Fancy Tablo Raisins  &1/0 lb box 1.50
Fancy Tablo Raisins per lb. " ,25, .36, .40
Jap Oranges por box .75
Malogn Grapes   per lb. .25
Hnting Figs  -,,, .per lb.   .20 and ,25
Golden Dates 2 Iba, ,25
lloynl Mixed Candy 2 lbs. ,25
Cronm Candy  '. 2 lbs. .35
Lowney's Cliocolnto Creams  ', por lb. ,40
Mixed Nuts ,.,,,.,* , , .per lb, ,20
Armours' Star Hum per lb. .25
Swift's Pronoun Hum  per lb, .20
Fish, fillets  ' por lb, ,15
Finnan Ilnddio   2 lb. .25
Fresh Oysters, solid packed  por pint ,50
Fruit ('ako  por lb. .40
Plum Pudding ] lb. tin .40; 2 lb. tin .75
Totlcy's Cocoa  % lb. tin ,35
Ilcinz Tomnto Catsup per pint .25
Fresh Kggs , per dozen .50
Vi »-.-,(•( ved Ciii^iu',  Mdiic jar    ,,...., Wi
('/«jh!j lloiivy    |W4' Mfjl'iou ,00
Crosse and HI 11 ckwell's lied and Hlack Currant Jelly, per
lb. glasH ,; 30
('nime nnd HlnekM'oll's Pickles 20 oz. .36
Tetley's Golden Tip Ten 1 lb. Un .65
11             1                »,n» _,«,,.» *..
'   <■■.'.>,.. ,Uif\    . i.Mii|.r. ,,,..... ,.>il  >>,!.  iW        iJifi
Canned Corn  ...3 Una for   ,85
Tomatoes 2 tins for   .35
KIdora Cigars, 2o lo box , per box US.60
Tuckett 's Special, 25 to box ...;,.  per box 2.00
Men's Bench
Wo stock tho eclobratcd 20th Century
clothes for men who aro particular
drcssors. Kvory Suit has stylo combin.
ed with porfoet worknmnBhip. Tho fit
and worn* of 20<h Century clothes is
guaranteed. Wo havo just received a
shipment of tlio newest imported twoods
in all tho latest colorings, bought xpooinl-
ly for Christmas trado. Mado in three
models:- Natural form, Regular typo,
and Athletic typo; sizes from 30 to 42,
Prices from $15,00 to $35,00
Try us for Made-to-
Measure Clothing
[v'-'>-.'-\.''.-: ■
vy; i-
Waitham Watches
A shipmoTit of high girhdo "Wftltbain Wntclies has arrived. These
V/ttWiiic* rt»w ]>u(.iu,.vsia,ii itunrAiiiutiu by u*. Viriuy couie m seven, ten, iiitoon
and twenty-ono jewel movements) witli Gold-filled cases, ovory ono guaranteed for 20 years. If you want to mako a gift worth wbilo. ono that will bo
a daily reminder of,the giver for 2T> years, you can't do bettor than givo ono of
theso high grade Watches.
Store of
.  '
A   .1
*   ''i
;.$M«*r PAGES 9 TO 16
V       .'.-.'.'.
.1 < . --J    ,-, .
"      •     ,1     '
,"■'• .v.-. ■
-; rNo, 18, Vol. VI,
CO.,  LTD.
A large shipment direct from
the Old Country has been . delayed.
Must be sold at any price; Come
and see them and you will buy. ,.
Hundreds of
GUNS       '        TOPS \   '
games,1 ALL KINDS
A Beautiful Colored
Embossed Calendar
A few more
Trimmed   Hats
•  5.0" values        1*95
5. to 10. values 3.95
Souvenir   Handkerchiefs
Hand Worked
Thousands of Novelties, exclusive to
this store for men, women, children.
Tnade especially for boys and girls
To those children visiting the store
with their'parents it TB*,-!^^ ^
will be given away ■»  * €£ C£
Christmas and Pay Day
•New FigSj large fleshy, lb.   .20 -Applet,7 Kelowna i3rize,
New Nuts, (mixed) lb..,.,   7 .20 ,         ;     .   per box, L80 a 2.00
Luscious Pears, 5 lb.,           .50 98 It) Five Eoses Flour       3.50
Grapes, 3 lb.   °                 ' ,50 491b Five Roses Flour,      1.75
J ap Oranges, per box          .70 For Mince Pies and Cakes
A real Japan Teacup
and Saucer will be given
free with one 12-bz. tinjsf
Dyson's Red Gross Baking Powder, 20c.
This offer good until Xmas only.
and for the following eight days;
Rings      Bangles    , Chains    . Pins
Manicure Sets      Hair Brushes
Ingersoll Watches, an ideal present
for a boy   .   .   .   $1.00
' 7 *r-;,?i
"'•, -?t.
I. *^. "« J.
f«- ""iV-ji
■ *•,-. %i\
- 41
- i'JI
-  £|
.   II
- !|
"The Store that is Owned by the People'*
Bellinski Versus
C. N. P. Coal Co.
In out* last J&suo wo printed tho
argumonts In Uio BoBCovltoh vs, Crows
Nost Pass Coal Company, stntod caso,
and lu.roun.Ior will bo found tho contentions In tlio BollluBkl oaBO, whloh
was hoard beforo Mr Justlco OJom-
onto. As will bo notod, tho main quos-
tlon Is Iho legitimacy of tho dopen-
dant. Mr. Itodwoll, of Vancouvor,
npponrod for tho respondent compnny,
nnd Mr. Macdonaid, of Vancouver, for
tho plaintiff!     '
-Mr. Hod woll: Tha question Is whothor thero woro any dependants, ho
was born boforo Uio mnrrlngo of his
parents, so wiih not legitimate undor
our law, bul. during tho ovldonro a
cort If lento of baptism was produced
which stated thnt ho wns subsequent-
ly IcKltlmatlwxl,
Tho Court: Woll, tho lonrnod Judgo's
question Is whothor thoro wns any
ovldonco wrongly ndmlttod,
Mr. Bod woll: Ho hnd no ovldonco,
bocnuso tho foreign law was not prov-
od at all, Thon ho was nlso doubtful
whothor tho commission was properly
tnkon, and It wns not, but I say It Is
tint   !W»»fl«tH"»' tn   itlopiltm   t\\n[i 1-CCU-iji.
clonrly he hnd no nvldono.* nt nil of
tho forolgn law. Thorn Is no ovldonco ot anyono who speaks as to
the Austrian law,
Tho Court: Havo I tho power to
__ntr>» t1"> <j_»nnM«« ?.' !,:^J.!i_.A-
tlon. Well, I suppose thero Is no
doubt about that. ,
Mr. Rod woll: If ho mado a (tool*
■slon-'of law without nny ovldonco to
support him—
Tho Court: Hut lm had tho right
to enter on tho onqulryf    n
Mr, Pod wll:   Von,
The Court: Then that Is all that
amounts to.  Next question.
Mr. Bodwoll: Wo nsk that tho Arbitrator bo Informod thnt ho hns no
ovldcncfl on whtoh ho could find thnt
furt.1 If th»f tn nn f."fff not worth
wlillo answering tho other quostlons,
Tlio Court;   Suppose I find ns n
matter of fnct that thoro was no ovldonco ou which ho could bo legitimated, It simply glvos them tho opportunity to .get now ovldonco. Tho nrbltrrt-
tlon Is still boforo tho arbitrator—
that |b tho trouhlo with making theso
nwnrds subject to thoso spocial casoB
-—the legal point involved,should not
bo sent up boforo lho award Is mndo,
Thoro Is ono point which Mr. Tlodwoll
has not argued—tho question of dependency, on which, howovor, Mr. Bod-
woll does not scorn to hnvo much
Mr. Bod woll: Tho ovldonco was of
hoursay, but tho arbitrator nccoptod It
Tlu) Court! Supposo I say that on
tho ovldonco ns It stnndH thoro Is 110
ovldonco of logltlmntlon, thnt doos not
ond tho maltor, It will simply glvo Mr
Mnpdonnld nn, opportunity to Imvo it
..ono ovor again, '
Mr, Hod woll:   I think that would
bo tho only ordor thnt could bo mado,
alllio' what ho has dono Is to malco
IiIh award  subject to your saying
whothor or not ho was right,    i,
i no Court;, And any pronounce-
._.(..;. / im*) uuiki) is i»,i.i_olu.ely obltor;
nil I can do is answer these questions,
Mr, Macdonnld Tlio only quostlon
Is whothor or not tho arbitrator Is
fundus officio.
Tho Court: I hnvo had ono or two
such casos before, I havo held that
If ho had, mado IiIb nwnrd boforo submitting tho iipoelal caso ho was func
tus officio—the Arbitrator ennnot submit his .quostlons aftor ho has mado
hla award.
Mr. Cncdonnld: 1 supposo tho ron.
ttoiiubl.. assumption is "I am In process of making an award/'
Tho Court: . hnd almost tho samo
phraseology In a caso nt Nolson and I
sent It back to tho lonrnod Judgo and
ho Intimated he had not mado his
awu. _l---Uo l._wl mndo tip his mind thnt
would bo tho amount If ho did mnko
the award,   Ho snys bore: "I mako an
award ln thoir favor of $500." If that
ls ft fact that.'Is.nn end to,tho case-
he was functus officio in sending up
a stilted caso. I think tho best thing
I cnn do,is to send it back to tlio lonrnod judgo, nnd draw his attention to tho
inconsistency between tho two statements, that tho award stands ponding
tho determinations of these questions;
the Court of Appoal might sny tlio latter ono, and I might say the former
one Ib what Btatos IiIb inclining.
Mr. Macdonaid: I nm going to ar-
guo tht any ovldonco accented nt tho
tlmo nnd not objected tn becomes ovldonco that can bo acted on.
Mr, Bod well; It was admitted sub-
Joet to objection.
Tlio Court.: Tho curtlflcalo is part
of the ovldonco on commission.
Mr. .Macdonnld: No objootipn was
mndo to that bolng put In.
The Court; Mr. Hobs' argument is
tlioro; ho (Ioob not tnko objection to
the ovldonco, hut ho nrguos thnt notwithstanding logltlmntlon, our law
Bhould govern — practically thnt Is
what ho nrguos,
Mr. Macdonnld: I tnko It tho position he should have tnkon Is first: It
Is not propor ovldonco, thon if Mr.
Bokstoln, hnd been put to It ho would
hnvo shown It was good ovldonco according to tho Htntutos.
Tho Court; I think this casd had
bottor go to tho arbitrator, and lot
him sny whether or not ho hns mado
nn nwnrd; nnd lot him also sny
whothor or not any objoctlon was tnk-
•_<• ua .u Uio ..u.iiiusi-iillU'iOl. iho Com-
mtorlnn, and un lu ..i«. \-t.-ie as <m-
donco of tho© of baptism.
■Mr, Macdonnld:   I submit <»von supposing tho commission aB a form of
commission was objected to—
' Th. cy.;.   v.'viii I .10 nut tiiink it
Is In shape or wlso,
LONDON, Dor.  1...—Aftor'i Promlor
Aaqulth's   statement   In.   tho Houso j sent Intention
-IProceedings in the
-    House of Commons
Boards   of   Conciliation,
Mr.' Buchanan:
1. How many boards of conciliation and Investigation, undor tho Industrial Dlsputos Investigation Act,
havo boon applied for since September
21, 3013?
2. How mnny applications woro ro-
fused and 'by whom woro those application s refused and by whom woro
theso applications mndo?
fl.   VJiat wns the reason or reasons
for refusal in <jucli instanco?
Mr. Crothora:
1. Twcnty-slx.
2. Six. (a), Industrial Workors of
tho World, being railway construction
workorH; (b) Ordor of Railroad "Conductors nnd I3rothorhood of Railroad
ToIograpliRi's, Canadian Pacific Railway; (0)) Unlto.1 Mlno Workors of
America,'North Sydnoy, Nova flcotla;
(d) United Mlno Workers of Amorica;
Springhill, Novn Scotia; (0) Cnnndlnn
Ilrothorliood of Itallrond Employees,
Cnnndlnn Paolflo Rnilwny Compnny;
(f) Cnnndlnn nrothcrhood of Rnllrond
omployn^ii, Canadian' Pacific Railway
Company,    ,
8, Nono of theso nppllcntlonn woro
brought within tho provisions and ln-
lnnt of tlio Act,
Industrial Disputes Invnstlaatlon Act.
Mr, Macdonnld:
3. Is It tho Intention of tho Minister of Labor to Introduco nny amendments at lho prosont sosslon of the
Industrial Dlnpulen Investigation Ant.
2, If so. whon will tlio T^n-lol'i.ic-v \«
brought down?
.1.   Is It tho Intention of tho Minister to ropoiil sold Aot?
Mr. Crothers:
1. No decision has boon reached.
2. Answorod by roply No, 1.
Tho mlnlstor hns no such pro-
Fernio boon abandoned? If so, for
what reason and on whoso advico?
Mr. Hughes:   ^
3, (n) Yos, thoy wero disbanded by
General Ordor 302 of ■ tho' 1st Juno,
393,2, (b) thoy woro not Uopt up slnco
the flro of 1008, and did not drill nftor
that period.
2. Yos. •
3. Tho lutonlloii of tho late govornmont Is unknown. Tenders nro bolng called for a propor drill hall.
Dominion Elections Aot Amendment
Mr. Durnhnm moved for lonvo to
Intro.In.o Hill (No. Wi to amend tho
Dominion l.loctlons Act,
Somo hon, Mombors:   IDxplnin.
Mr. I-urnham: TIiIb simply contemplates making tho Dominion Elections Act conform to tlio various provincial election Acts, That Is to say,
Instead of tlioro being a deposit of
$200 aH Is now required iu nill Dominion' elections, tho deposit In Dominion oloctious should conform to that
roqulred In the particular province
in which tlio elections tnko placo, For
example In Oninrlo no deposit Ib roqulred undor the provincial act, and,
therefore no doposlt would bn required In tho Dominion oloctlonn in
that province, und so on.
Motion agreed to, and Dill road tho
first tlmo.
Old Age Pensions
Mr. Durnhain movod:
That, In tho opinion ,of this House,
a Scloct Special Committee should bo
npolntod to mal.o an inquiry into an
eld ago pension system for Canada,
with powor to send for persons, papers nnd rocords ond to roport from
timo to time.
Mr. Whlto (Minister of Flunnco):
A resolution similar to this was adopted, last, hohhIoii nnd I'undorstnnd that
the hon, member doslros to contlnuo
tlio same committee for tho purposo
or obtaining tho Information required. Thoro is no objoctlon to tho
Motion ngroml to,
of Commons rornnMy, Keir Hnrdlo asked tho Prime Minister If ho would ascertain Jiow far Cnnndlnn labor orgnnl-
Mtlons agreed with Promlor Rordon's
offer in connoctlon with tlio nnvnl
grant of $35,000,000!
The question wnn rooolv^if with erica
of dissent, Promlor Aaqnlth replying:
"Thnt Is entlroly a matter for tho Canadian Parliament."
Kootenay Rifles
Mr. Riiclinnnn:
1, Hnvo tho Kootenay Rifles, l-Vr-
nlo, II. C, Mllltnry District No. it,
boon dissolved? If so, for whnt rm\-
2, W«s nny nttompt mndo to ro-
organlio tills company?
3, lint tho intention of tbo late to build nn armory nt
Pare— Wholesome—Reliable-
Its fame is world-wide. Its superiority
unquestioned. Its use is a protection
against alum food. In buying baking
powder examine the label carefully
and be sure the powder is made from
cream of tartar. Other kinds do not
make the food healthful. K.C;,.-,
y.t ■ y.-y^rprrs^r^y^^r^^-A^-.i'; ;..^v^-'C-'^'?,.v^'-,v'»~^ct"'"'"~a"~
j-   "
FERNIE to TORONTO and Return /:.... $67,15
FERNIE to MONTREAL and Return   , $72.15
Corresponding low rates to points in Ontario, Quebec and Maritime
Provinces        ,
Tickets on Sale(December 1st to 31st, inclusive., Good to return
within three montlis. • LIBERAL EXTENSION PRIVILEGES.
Tickets issued in 'connection with Trans-Atlantic trips on sale Nov.
7th to Dec. 31st inclusive, and limited to five months from date of
issue, with privileges of extension.
For full information; rail and steamship tickets, apply to
It. READING, Agent, Fernie, B.C.; or write to R. G. McNELLIE,
District Passenger Agent, Calgary, Aita.
Head Office
Capital Paid Ur $3,000,000
llKSEKVK AND UNWVIDKD PllOKITS :     3,500,000
Total Assets over 45,000,000
Just aB a successtui merchant makes every
effort to give his customers courteous, efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank
of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
every servise consistent with conservative
banking practice. ;
No deposit is too small to assure the depositor considerate treatment—the savings
accounts of those in moderate circumstances
are welcomed with courtesy, and with absence of undue formality which makes banking a convenience and a pleasure.
"~F. 33. Roberts, Ageni
Bellevue Alta,
Commercial House
Best accommodation in the Pass
Up-to-datey-Every convenience
Excellent cuisine*
Suitable for Ladies &°Geiitlemen
JHL J3L_H in.eli.n_e_
Next to Fernie Hotel I
from $15.00 to $50.00
Cleaned       ,
Pressed        a
Head Off That Cold
Do not lot; a cold run awny with you. Assert youv
'rights hy fighting a cold with the proper weapon.
Tho best way to hcadofi' a cold and overcome it
is by taking
Laxative Bromide Quinine Tablets
„ Tho hnndy and convenient form in which these
tablets are made render them pleasant to lake "and
effective in results, Fifty choeolate-cpatod tablets in oach box. Will bronk up a cold in loss Ihnn
24 hours, 25o. por Box,
Vancouver is once more being treated to a spasm of virtue upon ttie.part
of a section of the community that
can only find means'' of -emphasizing
its own purity ,by belittling that of
others. This "holier than thou" aggregation is just now especially busy
in decrying the social evil and demanding that dire punishment be met-"
ed out to those who sexually stray
from the'path of rectitude, as surveyed and charted by the saviors of souls
and custodians of morals ever since
those ancient and honorable occupations became lucrtlve callings.
.Probably no more threatenirig^symp-
torn of the innate rottenness of modern civilization can be found than the
so-called social evil. To every student
of the times it must be apparent that
in spite of all the moral and ethical
teachings of the ages, an ever increasing .percentage of the females of all
countries are being engulfed In the
maelstrom of this awful scourge. This
fact stares us in the face and -no one
short of a veritable ass can presume
for a, moment that such a scourge can
be accounted for upon the presumption of the human tendency to. sinfulness and error, rather than towards
goodness and truth. And yet' our
moral custodians of Vancouver, they
who loudly proclaim themselves disciples of, the gentle Nazarene, have
nothing to offer in the way of dealing
with ithis plague, other than the policeman's club, the court and the prison
pen. Punishment! ■ Punishment! A_:<
ways punishment, more drastic and se-
'ere. ■ „ .   •   ,    _
Is there such a laclcof virtue in the
splendid teachings of he whom they
profess ito follow, and which have been
so widely iproclaimed for the last 1900
years, that, in the last analysis, resort'
must be had to club, bludgeon and
gaol, in order to prevent human society from smothering in its own rottenness and-corruption?    In sooth, it
would so seem.   ■
, ' ■<
' He who does not,know that'prostitution was unknown in history until
the birth of human ■ slavery, does not
know,, much. He who does not know
that,the period in history known" as
civilization has been the history of human slavery, is also short of knowledge. He who does not know that
prostitution is part arid parcel of present day^trade and\commerce, and that
it" is'just as natural and logical an
expression and fruit of slavery as any
other vice, has still much to learn be-
^e the case" of attempting to inaugu-
late sanitary .improvement by1'each
family throwing their dead cats and
"ther garbage' into, their neighbor's
dooryard: Probably his "pious'practice finds precedent ' in'>the * famous
eviction from th© Garden of Eden. " "'
Instead of dealing uarshly with-sinful females, our garrulous preachars,"
unctuous labor skinners and verbose1
real estate sharks ought to look compassionately upon them; in fact ought
to treat them with veneration and reverence in honor of their, arid our, ancestors. Mother :Eve listened to the
serpent, whispered in' Father Adam's
ear and both fell from grace. Had it
not been" for that fall, neither pulpit
or pulpit-pounder, unctuous labor skinner, nor festive and verbose real estate
shark, would now exist. Where Vancouver now stands' would. still be'a
howling wilderness. ■ Our resources
would, be still undeveloped' and the
gentle art of maklng.a fancy living by
swapping real ."estate and .lying like
horse thieves, as yet unknown. That
such glorious possibilities should be
opened out to them through the sin of
our first parents ought to cause every
apologist and disciple ,of the present
order to look with charity upon all
sinners along similar lines.
After previous virtue spasms in this
city it was' usually disclosed that some
particularly juicy real estate transaction lay behind the affair aud furnished the zeal for virtue and the enthusiasm for purification and repentance.
It would not he surprising to find that
some equally worthy motive lies'be-'
hind the present squawk.
. Those who sincerely desire the moral and ethical uplift of the race should
Some Interesting Capitalist, Press-
Comments - ' ■«".  "
,   The words "Not Guilty,"., which in,
law may mean only that a jury has a
reasonable doubt of guilt, carried "no
qualification in the case of Joseph" "J.
Ettor. Arturo Giovannitti and Joseph
Caruso, ■ tried at Salem; Mass., 'on a
charge of murder' in connection^with
the death of a woman striker named
Anna Lopizzo, during the Lawrence labor i riots last winter—that,is, if we
ar,e to accept the practically unanimous ^opinion of the Eastern dally papers.     The general conclusion seems
to be tliat the men were tried prinel-'
pally for their opinions rather than for
any legal responsibility for the woman's death, particularly in so far as
Ettor and Giovannitti were concerned.
"Against Ettor and Giovannitti thei;e
vas no evidence whatever," says Xixo
Now York, World, -which, like, nearly
all the, other papers commenting on
the verdict, compliment Judge Quinn
and the other court officials for their
fairness in conducting the trial,   The
New York Evening" Mail thinks the
prosecution was "a' relic of the dangerous doctrines of 'constructive conspiracy," which was invented and employed in the prosecution of the Chicago Haymarket anarchists of 1887."
Caruso, it is remembered, was accus-.
ed of actually  shooting'- the woman,
while Ettor and Giovannitti were indicted    fo> ' inciting    mob    violence
which resulted in the tragedy. Though
detesting the' principles of the'. Indus
trial Workers of the World, of which
remember that a society buiided upon- Ettor and Giovannitti are leaders, the
the enslavement of labor, cannot be-   New York Times,denounces vigorous-
»«> «M___.«_U«__.«B>«n< >_»«____.
woro tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awardod to
Bocauoo thoy aro THE DE8T ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all tho tlmo at
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
, i
Lumber for all
<y lM$sr%
'«_   •",.-■".*J*&^£j»f»«M'i'V
hero nt nny tlmo and in any
(inanity, You ennnot «w«mi.
im with n larpo order, or triv<?
ub no Bmnll n ono tlmt wo will
not attend to it.
for any kind of building you
may bo nt work tipon, Hnvo
ui Mnd you what you want
whon you want IU
OfflOt ant* YARD, MCPHIftftO* AVI., OP* C M.  DEPOT, MRNII
Tore, Being qualifiedTto"^ssJudge_-rent
upon the .victims of this awful traffic.
'•Tr .do'(._m:Tierce, carried on '• r
gain; are unthinkable terms except the
production of wealth be' carried on by
slaves.   Present day production is carried on by v,'age-slaves.   That portion
of their product,  in  excess 'of their
purchasing power, which is measured
by their wages, affords the motive and
profit of the world's trade and commerce.   The highly perfected tools .and
implements of'lndustry'havo so multiplied the productive power of' labor,
tl'at a surplus of slaves-ls always to
lie found in the market. ' Less than the
entire number,are required in order
to keep the world's market-fully sup-
l'll^d with goods.     The pressure for
employment constantly incroases as a of -this, and eventually indlvld-
uals nro forced to smother their loftier
moral and ethical conceptions, aban-
don prlnclplo and bocomo physical nnd
mental prostitutes in, order to obtain
their .daily bread, that neodful thing
that can no longer bo ol.taii.od by
prnyor, no' mattor how fervent.   As to
how much these ministers of Vancou-
ver know In regard to the causo of tho
"social evil" and othor disgusting phenomena Incident  to modorn  civilization, wo do not know; but of ono thing
wo are cortnln.    If any ono of thorn
Pobbobbos convictions, tho oxprosBlng
of which will trond upon tho oconomlo
corns of IiIh dominant powhldors, uh-
loHB ho bocomo n proutltuto of tho In-
tolloet by  urno-tlierlng  Ihoso  convictions, lm will Hoon ho out of a Job
nnd with   a   ronBonnbli pi'OBpoct, of
Hlnklng to iho level of "Wonry Rng.
k)oh" nnd "Dimly UhodoH,"
Nnlllinr wnn nor womnn cnn llvo
undor ciiiiltiillHt rulo without somo-
thing to Holi. no. or Bho, who linn nolh-
lug to kcII but, honor and virtue, wiibI
ii'-edB hqII thoHO or Htnrvo.
Hio hllllntinlro, ub woll tin thn bIhvu,
dopimciH upon tlio wtlo of Homothlng
In order lo oxlnt, Nounor tho profit of
tho foi'innr or lho wngo of tho latter
nm b<> forthcoming otlinnvlno, if iho
Inttor ImppoiiB to ho of tho wonkor
sox, mid Bo-cnllod honorable employ-
wont not iivnllnhlo, It neod onimo no
BiirprlBo If bIio bo found among tho
outrnflt, No amount of clubbing, nr-
rating, flnlnjj, nnd imprlBonmovit will
tn-rr chock It,, much Iobb iilop it. The
problom Ib puroly nn oconomlo ono.
11 .h. iiuiiiiur a manor ot moralu, oth-
1;   UiitiUiUll,   VUlUllfJi   lj.;j,     Jt  i»,  ti
mutter nf cold, hnrd, material fnct.
In tho front pown, llntonlng with
wrnnt nnd approving nttontlon to tlio
wlnlntorlnl cnBtlgatlorm of itho victims
^! i..« /.\iv.',u ui!, u,.\i Liiu Imu.rti* tu
tio lnw who fnll to roproBB It. alts
Worn tfinn ono employer of fomalo In.
bor thono alnvoB rocolvo mmh mlior-
«tb!y nmnll wbrob thnt tlioy ennnot romnln vlrtuotm ond llvo, And thoso
linctuou* vlwrnnd. biirtfnin rotmtor pl-
r«t«« Join In Iho m of "CniPifv thorn"
whllo flvorv thronrt upon fh*|r bflojrff,
yoB, ovon lho coin ihci' drop In the
rollnption, rookn nnd ntlnka with tbo nnd blood wrtini. from then, un*
Pfcld alav«t.
Another commendable way to deal
j •. I. n pro.itlfnMon in tn drfrn fr_j vlctfma
out of town. Thi» haa been dono upon
Ui.v«rn\ oochbIowi ln\r«i in Vantonvnr
1 during rnoent yoara. tt ia quite aa ef-
Ifottive and fully na docont aa would
come superior to that upon" which it
rests. ' Slavery is the primal and only
curse ever inflicted upon human society. It lias fostered and bred nothing that is good, because it is' in itself
all,that is evil. Whatever there is in
the modern world that is good and
worthy of preservation,' has been attained in spite of • the poison slave
virus runnings through. the veins of
modern society. • This speaks volumes
for-the innate virtue and goodness of
humankind," a virtue and'goodness that
can be expected* to blossom and flower
only by the abolition of slavery and its
hideous train of attendant evils,' the
greatest of which is the social evil.
So long as brute force is master, with
force, periodical howls may be expected against particularly stenchful surface, indications of .the gangrene of
slavery that is gnawing at thevitals of
human society. -   ,      ■;        S
Btit the problem to be. solved is the
problem ,of -Labor, and 'the moralists
and sentimentalists dare .not and cannot tackle the job. It is the working
class alone that must do it. - It is the
working class alone that makes all
progress.—B. C. Federationist.
ly the influences arrayed against
' ' "With the acquittal of Ettor, Giovannitti, and Caruso' ther© comes also a
conviction—not of these men, buWf
those who from the very beginning
of the labor troubles at Lawrence, iu
what seems to have been a sort of
madness, have made mistake after
mistake, the natural and inevitble effect of which has been to win sympathy for and to strengthen the antisocial element,,there and throughout
the country,    y
"The maintenance of .intolerable
working conditions; the 'planting' of
dynamite _n-}the houses> of .the mill
hands, the efort to prevent the send-
,ing___a_w_ay--_Q£^.th_e_ strikers' children—
Petroleum Resources
of Canada
Shale Deposits In the Maritime Pr.o-
vlnces—Tar Sands In tho West-
Petroleum as a Locomotive Fuel.
Whllo tho actual, petroleum resources of Canada are comparatively small
nevertheless tho potential resources
aro considerable.   ■
In Now Brunswick nnd Nova Scotia
thore nre onormous deposits of oil
shnloB which aro valuable as a aourco
of oil. On nn average thoso shales
will glvo a higher ylold of crude oil
per ton thnn tho oil Bhalos worked so
oxtenslvoly In Scotland.
In tho vicinity of Port McMurrny
and Port J..cKny on tho AthabnHcn
Itlvor, Albcirln, thoro nro enormous deposit b of tnr Bauds.
Tho bitumen In tho tnr Bund Ib tho
lonldiio from evnporntod potrnlniim
nnd It hns heen OBtlnmtod thnt thovo
Ih OVj cublo miles of oolld bitumen In
tho tnr snmlH exposed on this rlvor,
Altlioiifih enormous qiinutltloB of oil
hnvo evnporntod from thin district,
nnvortliolOBM ii Ib probablo that nccii-
nuiliilloiiH of petroleum oxist whoro
tho HtriiPtiiro wiib biicIi ub
to provont Kb eiicnpo. ThlB Ib iiIko
RUliHtniitlnli'd hy thn fnct In dlstrli'tH
whoro tlio tnr Bunds nro enppod by
overlaying monsuroR,
If largo (juuntltloH of potroloum
woro discovered In Alborta; It would
bo ri factor of grunt Importance to
tho railway Intarosts which operato
In tho Hooky Mountains nnd .Tnapor
Pnrks nnd In othor foroBt nroas In
nvltluh Columbia nnd Alborta,
Oil no a Locomotive nnd Marine Fuel
Tlio Canadian Pnclflc nnllwny Is
»"» nb', ui't-'ijuiniiiti uubi'iua on liu
main lint- Vriwccn Itaiaiuyu ii»i
Plold In British Columbia. The
Grand Trunk Pacific nnd nomo of the
Cnnndlnn   Pacific   coast   BtenmsblpB
alBO burn oil, and other boats nro bo-
1.,     1  . ,   f „ 1 , ,     ,,
*•   ft*       ....... fv_i_.    ,.,.,..*   ^^>wfc    w»*fcinS.h_li    f*J   \)..-
burnorn. Tho oil Is obtained from
tha Cnllfornln oil Holds. If supplloa
cnn bo obtained at tho prices now
prevailing, Its ubo will bo veryinrgoly
oxtondod. It a elonnllnoiB, tho «rcntly
deeronBod smolu., tho deereaan In the
number ef flromett roijnlred, the economy parilrnlnrlv In Intrrmlllfnt w»r-
vlro, iho- intK-nfiod t-ffJclency — two
bollera with oil, in ateamalilp service,
giving a/imo Htf»m aa three with coal
—and othor considerations maku It an
almost idfal fuel.—Conservation.
SMIo/is Gun
OWCNIV «TOM rou«H«. tusci cotot,
these were a few of the errors that culminated in bringing an accusation of
murder that was a^ shock to reason
and 'common sense and could have
been sustained by no jury not destitute of both." ■ ■   '
The attitude of the defendants toward the prosecution, as well as their
labor sentiments and their ideals,
were stated forcefully by Ettor in his
dramatic plea to the jury in reply to
District Attorney, Atwlll's 'argument.
Ho said in part:,
"My social views can not' be tried
in this" courtroom, with all respect to
this judge nnd these jurors.' " No!
That trial was tried thousands of
ago, when men wero told the only wny
to ond revolutionary ideas wiib thro'
the cross, thon the guillotine, the gnh
lows, and tho ropo. , I want to know if
tho District Attorney believes that
tho cross, the guillotine, or tho hangman's noose ever sottlod nn idea. It
novor did, Tho social cry of yesterday becomos' tho religion- of todny,
The social cilmlnnlB of ono age becomes tho salntB of lho noxt	
"I bollevo in tho'donth chair. I will
go thero. So will Glovannittl Wo
will go with bonds eroct, singing the
Bong of labor, with a smllo on our lips,
and wo will drop tho flng of labor. . , ,
"1 iinuko no threats. Hut on. tho
morning wo drop tho flag, hundreds of
thoiimnds _Tl' wngo workors will pick
up lho flag and carry It along until tho
flag of the workers la unfurled ovor
thn workshops, nnd workers will on-
iny llio profit of tholr toll.
"If I ko to the, donth chnlr It will
ho wllh tho happy thought, that on
1ho ovo nf ll 1 wns dofomllng my
li!oit|H. If 1 go to my death, millions
of men nnd women will know ihnt my
Booliil Ideas lmd Iho dotornilng effect
upon tho vei'dlol. I neithor offer npo-
logy nor «8k n favor. I nBk for Jub-
The coimorvntlvo llnrtford TIwpb
ricplnroH thnt thoro "novor wiib any
i'oiiboii to bollovo Hint lho throo Itnllnn iiR.tntot'H HOiight tho donth or ovon
tlu» Injury of tho woman," nnd tho
Now York livening Post, pleased with
Iho verdict of acquittal, Hays "ho mnny
mnny mlstkoB woro mado by tbo au-
th or It loo In tho hnndllng of tho wholo
Lawronco Htilke that it wiib Impossible not to BiJBpoct that, thoy had blnu-
dorod ngnln, and thnt thero was gen-
nine (limner ot nenuuig these men to
..,«; «.!.'-.'._,1; fimli illicit Lhttj iicU-
Without adversely criticising the
Salem court tho Now York Call, tho
loading Socialist dally of tho Hast, «»_ii«k_>i.iK ndUnliMliuli   t»UU Hilt.
verdict, warns its readers thnt "ovory*
ono who fights tho battles of tho
worldng-cltiBs may bo subject to similar treatment."    It goos on:
"Tho acquittal of Kttor, Giovannitti
nnd Cnruio wn* not a triumph for American 'Justice,' nor ,wnn it a vindication of th*> rlp-M nt tbo wwklnfl.-Pln»«
to strlko, H was not an 0 video co that
tho sense of fair play Is not dead In
Massachusetts. Any rejoicing will
merely bo personal. Theso men have
escaped Ihe chair, but, then, they had
rr»mmltfM no crlm*». They ar* In**
of prison bars, (hough they should
nover luivo boon thoro.     All Bonn.-
(Continued on pago 16)
"-y '...;■"  V'"."'■     Dealerfin     -!  ^'r/l/;:V''
Hardw?tpev Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods iand Stationery
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in, and
see us once
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
•  1 »
Bottled Goods a Specialty
—_£— ,—;—,—.
§.. I positively cure three-fourths ofl
•all tlio enses that are absolutely in
•curable by any methods other thai.
§thoso 1 employ. I do not care whol
Alms treated you or how lonft or^by
Jwhat means he 4ias treated you,
'tho probability is Unit I can curel
ivou, and I will be able to speakj
^definitely in the matter when lj
■know the details of yonr case.
f.    Write for Free1 Book
t If you can't call at my" office!
Iwrite for my book,,'which describesl
wny,"method*. AH letters are given!
Jspecial attention. .,    i
210 Howard St., Spokane, Wash.   Z
I    DR.
S    210 He
Wholesale and Retail
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazsiwnea Buttermilk
mwmrmmti iiww ip»m.i
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B, C.      Phone 34
Livery, Feed]
and Sale Stablss |
Pint clam Horui. for 8*U. ■ \-
Dvj's M;.-_in cr C;.-,~,.'7^c.•,
! Geor(
George Barton    Phono 78
Every convenience and comfort, Jutt
like being et home.   One block
from Post Office.   Centr*
ally located
H. A, WILKES,   .   Proprietor
PtlLAT AVC.     •    •    •     PIRNIt.
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found  In such a  display  of
We have the beat money
car. buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imporator' Hami
and Bacon" Lard, 8ausag«B,
Welners and Sauer Kraut,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 66
A Flash of
Ih JiiBt ns likely to Htrlko
tlio Iioubo of tlia unlnmired
man as tlmt ot IiIb moro prudent neighbor. No building
U Immune,   ,
HaJiiIiam   !_.-._••_,<,*>»,
wwhiiWi   i ia«6
Us Insure
you and lmve a Hmhtnlni.
clause uttachod to the policy.
tlmo thore la a thunderstorm.
Solo Agent for Pornlo
B.   W.    WJDDOW80N, Aatarer and
OJ»«mttt,  1*0x0 tt«_, Notton,    IT,    C.
Char*«:—Ooljl. Bhw, Uad er Copper
!!__?_?_._   5fi£#f.for °'.h»r »"««*l»: Coal
JP2__'l,t,»?,,_"uJr *«<Hr«»a en appllca-
!ii,*m.uircle,!lSSfa.ett'tom "•' 0W"
^L_arg_e__Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay Pr°Ps-
'    "      "■                      4
K_ ' .::>'.• ■ il
'•■V ■■,""."
r  <►-
:   -f,
,v- ."
t>   '
ip& v
♦ 1
THE- DlgfBiqi?. LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. C, DECEMBER 14,1012.
Think &f Us
i.   By Joshua Wanhope
.'One of the most curious-facts about
,  " .certain anti-Socialist criticisms In that
-'   they seem1 to-be,of service only on
-,  -special occaslona'and make., their ap-
y pearance .only  when , the  critic. has
'.   been Impressed with[some.particular
: -incident in the course of the movement, such as a,Socialist victory at
the pollB or an apparent: setback   to
■ the movement politically. ■  ■
-T: In the latter case, articles on the
«, alleged "decline;of Socialism" are al-
'ways in order, and the critic never
' faila to congratulate his" readers on
the fact' that this dangerous, revolutionary movement, which threatens the
'entire fabric of existing society,' is
„ happily on the wane.    In such cases,
' f ml, credit—or perhaps discredit—-is as-
crlbed to Socialism regarding its post-
' <ire revolutionary character,   ■■-There
1 must be no mistake about the extent
of the threatening danger that haa
•   been happily checkmated.     If Socialism were nat represented    in   such
cases as highly dangerous and fiercely revolutionary, there would be no
sufficient cause for rejoicing, and con-
■ r. gratulations would seem exaggerated
and superfluous.
,.  /? But it Ib utterly different when So-
,_   ciallsm  ha7s  made, an  apparent  ad-
.vance through a.notable increase at.'an
. election.     Then, instead of "viewing
.with" alarm", and denouncing'the advancing monster, the critic more, of tea
soothes tho fears of his readers by
assuring .them that the stronger So-
, (i ciallsm .grows numerically the more
harmless it-becomes.
■ This method has been liberally used
in explaining and commenting upon
the increased Socialist vote at the re-
1 cent election. - As'1 a sample, taken
from many similar, we quote an editorial utterance from the New York
Globe,- which a fow days after the election when it was seen that the Social-
■ ist_ vote -would approximate a million,
reassured its readers with the follow-
.lng consolatory comment:,    '
Bur supplied with   the   best Wines.
Liquors | nnd Cigars
COAL mining rights o( the Domln-
ion, In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, tho Yukon Territory, the North
Wost Territories and ln a portion of
tho Province of British Columbia,
bo. leased  for  a  term  of
years at an annual rental of ft an'aoro.
Not.moro than 2,SCO acres wit '
to one applicant.
i .Application for a loaso mv<st be made
be leased
 cation for _
by tho applicant ln person to the
Agent or Sub-Agont of tho dlstrlot In
which the rights applied for aro situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal Bub-dlvl-
slons of suotlons, ami In unsurvoyed
territory tlio tract applied for shall bo
staked out by tho applicant himself..
, Kacl. apllcatlon must bo aooompantcd
by a too of ?5 which will be refunded If
the rights applied for aro not avallablo,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall bo
paid on tho merchantable output of tho
mlno at the rato of five oonts por ton.
Tho person operating tho mlno shall
furnish tho Agent with sworn roturns
accounting for tho full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho roy-
alty thoreon. rf tho ooal mining
rights aro not being operatod, suoh
roturns Bhould ho furnished at least
once a yoar.
The lonso will Include tho coal mining
rights only, but tho lessoo may bo por-
mlttod to, purchase whatever avallablo
■urfaco rights may bo.consldored no-
at the rato of $10.00 an acre.
.ipor. .ful" .Information application
should ho mado to the Hncrotary of tho
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agont or Hub-Agent of Dominion Lands,
_   ... .w- TO Cory,
Deputy MlnUter of the »n.erln.\
N.n—UnauthorUod publication of this
advertisement will not bn nald for.
7 "As the Socialist . party becomes
stronger politically—that le to say, as
its vote grows larger and it begins to
elect representatives y it .becomes'
more what' is called opportunistic.
That means'*that it becomes more and
more of a reform rather thgn .a.revo--
lutioriary party. With growing voting strength, the Socialist party becomes, the most radical reform, party,
but falls away in'Its revolutionary
spirit." ,,. ''-',,
Statements of this kind, though con-
stantly met with, are usually. either
ignored altogether by Socialists or
flatly dented. They are seldom examined or analyzed, but they can .neither be ignored nor dismissed with a
sneer. They are, at any rate, of some
interest as displaying the" workings
of the average non-Socialist mind. At
the bottom of this, like almost every
other charge and stricture, brought
against Socialism, there is a grain of
truth concealed somewhere, which, adroitly manipulated, serves to make
the charge seems plausible. Just as.
there' is no such thing as "absolute
truth," neither is there any such thing
as "absolute falsehood," and/ this
charge is no exception to the general'
rule, it should be remembered, too,
that many Socialists who' would flatly
deny^such a statement as that given'
above are often among the .very first
to insist that the 'Socialist movement,
or, at least many of its representatives, are really growing,opportunistic
and losing their revolutionary character. , And it may be that here can be
found 'one of the small grains of truth
the charge may possibly contain. We
cannot with very good grace completely dismiss an accusation of this sort,
which we ourselves have to some extent helped to formulate, when it hap-
pens to be enlarged and amplified by
a capitalistic writer.
' Let'lis first see, however,-; what justification' there is for dismissing it
.with a contemptuous laugh. We cannot deny that there is some'justification for such a reception, for it is
evident that while the grain of truth
may bo there, the deductions
are  almost' wholly  false.'
Dr, 0. FAU8ETT,
COLEMAN, Alberts,
Office In Cameron Block
All Work Guaranteed
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Houra: 8.30 to 1 • 2 to 5.
Residence: 21, Victoria Av«.t..i«.
DarrUter, Solicitor, Notary, ttc,
Offlceil Eokattln Building,
t-arme, tt.C.
S». C. Law*
Alex, i. PUha.
Farnlt. B. C.
Birrtittr, Solicitor, Notary Public, ate.
=^3\Vfi___lflV__!GT' frt... {..Li..  ..        _,._=. .=.	
 y--""}-|-iui-lu»i.a__n;t!;-inilT 11 is
merely, one more illustration of 'the
"wish being father to-the thought,"
and that there is much truth in this
vlejv we will,admit. But it is not
all the truth.
Or we may hold, in addition, that
it is of the same nature and for the
same purpose as the procedure of the
proverbial little boy. who, walking
through-the dark woods, "whistled to
keep his courage up.' And thore
Is cortnlnly somo truth in that view
also, though it also Is only part of.the
Or it may be looked upon as a well
intentioned effort to soothe the fears
of others and prevent useless alarm.
Something liko wlmt Marx referred to
many years' ago whon speaking of the
fake "clerical Socialism" of the forties ho rather lrrevently described it
nB "the holy water with which tho
prlost consecrated tho heart-burnings
of tho aristocrat." m the same way
tho present-day journalist strives to
nllny the .fears of tho capitalist and
soothe hlR troubled .bronst by diluting
Soclnllsm with tho "holy wator" of
reform nnd assuring him that the moro
there Is of ft tho more harmless li
Brows. And this vlow hns undoubtedly its modicum of truth also, though
It. too, l» Inndorjunto as n- complete
oxplanntlon,  „,
Or, again, It may ho that the utter,
nnco Is to some "oxtont" n malicious
taunt more or loss deliberately oalcu-
Irtod to exasperate thoso Socialists
who proclaim with moro than usual
BtroBB tholr own revolutionary character. And no doubt tlio utterance
BomotlmoB contains moro than a sub-
plclon of this Ingrodlont, for thoro aro
many anarchlBtH, flom.-anorc.ilBt and Journalistic critic* who
tolco oxtromo delight In goading Ro-
clallBtu In this mnnnor. in most en*
ob, thoso people aro niiythliiR but con-
BorvntlvoB thomaolvoH, but usually
nurso somo grouch (ijralnst tho Social-
*»t party momhorslilp, oltlior for Its
nllcKod ','boorlBhnoHB," Its oxtromo
rigidity, posltlvonoss of opinion and
genornl cocksurcncss on oconomlo
nnd political subjects. It must not
be forgotten elthor that Socialists nro
ofton guilty of oxtromo dlsrespnot to
tho Intellectual qualifications of thoso
oilltorlnl critics, and nt Union lamlmslo
thorn as "prostitutes" of Journalism,
' '»•   .f-LULM  tt, vifvu used
'"■' Ml*R,» ftWofldod otipp In Un. .ft..-j,j it[
i_ "enme-hnck.' They hnvo dlHcovfr-
od, ns they think, tho tendnntit point
In tho Soclnllst Intolloctus! nnntomy,
nnd naturally doBlro to prod him thoro
OH   YnllMl    mi   nnnxttiln V ■ I    1.   I .
*■  L...,    S...4.   Wfr  \lxt*
vlously not all tho truth olther.
Or it mny bo contended that tho
bourgeois public and tha critics who
writ© for thorn aro nil onunlly Illogical
confused and vacillating when dealing
with tho subject of flocfnlfsmr
they foiget tho conflicting nttltudos
thoy hsvft -takon upon 11; ihnt they
see no contradiction IA declaring that
Socialism la revolutionary when It Is
this yiew,,<too, no .doubt, -contains some
.truth, but obvipusiy noV-all.
,- This procese, of' eliB-Jha-iIonj per-
haps.'iB.not complete;' It may be that
there are" other,, explanations ' that
could, be "given, each .of'them containing some;;,but not'the whole truth.
But, we. have'7 given ^.enough to justify
us in proceeding to discover, if possible, . .what these'. critics really _ see;
those- appearances within-' which the
grain.of truth lies concealed.
The question is why does Socialism
appear to them "to take'on more and
more of a .reform character .and lose
its revolutionary, characteristics as it
grows in/numerical strength.
Consider the' beginnings of t\ Socialist movement 7in this or' any other
country, in this country for preference.
The capitalist journalist or other literary critic who deigns'to observe it
in this stage, what does,he see*.' How
must It appear to him?
Ho sees, after much,searching, rsmall
groups of men bearing unmistakable
marks of poverty, meeting mostly in
the back rooms of saloons and beer
halls. He is out seeking special copy
and often has'a protracted hunt before
he can locate his quarry. For these
are "queer" people he is in search of.
There are not many of them, hence
their queerness. They are indisputably; not like the common run of man
kind; in short, they are "freaks." And
"revolutionism", is one bf their freakish characteristics.
Many of them, perhaps most, speak
a,foreign language—usually German.
A few-are bearded and some of them'
perhaps wear their hair longer than
conventional propriety authorizes—
like the traveling "doctor"'" who purveys "Indian medicine" and whose
freak getup is considered a necessary
adjunct of his peculiar occupation.
The, dingy room perhaps contains the
gymnastic appliances of a TurnLalle
piled up in one' corner and over the
i.'Ule stage there hangs a dust .''red
flag, but no "Old Glory."' Altogether
it is a queer outfit. .Itais so unlike
the conventional meeting of the outside world,that its very appearance
suggests "revolution." Excellent copy
this- sort of thing makes -a sort
of minor "scoop" almost.' ,
He strives to get better acquainted
with this outlandish bunch. He hears
them talk of 'social' revolution" in a
foreign tongue over their beer mugs.
Next he discovers that this queer outfit has a sort of Bible of its own, which
they call "Das Kapital," with the accent on the "tal," and a high priest
with the mysterious name of "Karl
Marx." There may be an American
or two among the group, but they
are not noticed.     Too few and too
search of some new thing, jt is to be
yy Id
. "■'*.. SJ
apparently declining, and moroly a ro-
form when It la apparently growing,
andl thsMho lUtementa Uwy matt* on ntmiUati. tony that thoy ar.> "for
both occasions ar* »h*» rtmlt of »«- Lr_«..„._,-. ...» ...... .        :     or
remembered.    This is a foreign aggregation, juid therefore interesting.
A- few years' pass. ' From' time to
timo in the press these little.groups
are "written up" for the delectation
of Sunday readers. There is not much
discrimination' used—the journalist,
doesn't know enough about, them to
make fine discriminations, and ln a
general way thereafter thoy are all
lumped together under the loose des-
cripltion of "anarchists."
A few years moro pass and labor
troubles arise In some large city whero
there are a fow of those queer groups.
Somo of tholr members are occupied
In the affected industries. There are
strikes nnd riots and tumults, and
some of theso queer pooplo bob up In
front as spokesmen nnd loaders. Then
It ls discovered that they actually have
an "organ," tho Arboltor something or
other i- a strange, unpronounceable
and decidedly "un-Amorlcnn" nnmo. It
breathes 'revolution" In every lino.
Thore Is nn editor who is described ns
"rnbld" nnd a tradition thnt he wns
educated In somo erudite Gorman university, lie Is n revolutionist, nn
nnnrchlBt nnd a Soclnllst likewise--
l.,!a all the same thing, anyhow.
Then there Ib a riot or two, a bomb
explosion, somo policeman killed, n
geno.1 riiy.rAa, upon thoso "queer" poo-
pie, some of whom nro hungod and
otheiB sont to tho ponltontlnry, drent
rxtltomont for a whllo, but flnnlly thin
thiflB. nnarchlBtn or Socialism, or whatever It is, Is "stamped out," luuv'lng
hohlnd It nn Inoffucoiihlo Impression
thnt u'hntr-vor' o)b_» thoHo people may
hnvo boon thoy wero 'revolutionists"
nnd tholr nlm wna nothing short of
tho totnl overthrow of existing uoclety
- -iwrcrnbly by mnnna of dynnmlto
1'ombB. All this tho Journalist re-
counts with many Invontlons nnd nd-
di'iona of his own calculated to embroider nnd ornament the narrative.
Still another few yonrs nnd a somewhat different kind of peoplo bogin to
nppenr on tho public Btroets describing
thomHoIvos also as "revolutionists"
nnd talking a strnngo Jargon about
class consciousness, surplus value,
clnss struggles and social rovoliitlon.
They speak Rngllsh woll miough. but
Htlll tho obsession that thoy must bo
forolgnors stays with tholr Journalistic
critics as a rosult of onrllor f>»norl-
eiicos. Thoro aro fights with tho
police jor tho right of froo speech
ami in some place* a scoro of thorn
aro palled off thc "soap box" micccs-
Blvely, locked up nnd flnod or dis-
chnrgod by tho magistrate next morning, 'jjiey nro pugnacious, abrupt. Ir-
rovont and fanatical. They ar(| polltl-
cal Ishmnels, tholr hands ngalnst
ovory mnn, nnd every man's hand against thorn. Tholr trlbo Inrroni.™
nnd thoy mnko Insufferable nulsnn-
ron ot themcclvctv, ahoutlng Uu\u it.«
atroot comers to tho Irritation of "ro.
.•pccftillc" folk wim wui.ri«r why tho
|»llc« don't lock them all up permanently or transport them to "nn Island" or somewhere. After a whlto
many of theso howlers, whon publicly
cestors came over In' the .Mayflower,
or. having missed' her, took the next
ship.    After a while it begins to soak
into the anti-Socialist brain'that some
of these people at least are 'really native born, but,, of course, -"un-American."     They have been tainted with
Socialism,    a    foreign "importation"
made in Germany..    Still they grow..'
Finally, here and there they "put a.
ticket in the field."     It is done with
what flourish of trumpets they can
command, but,the sound, thereof is utterly lost in the thunderous' oratorical periods of "democracy" and  republicanism."    Nobody takes any par-
ticualr notice of them and in the election returns  they figure  under   the
term  "scattering."      But ■ still  they
grow.'    A few more years and here
and there some local "statesman" gets
the idea that,the.votes of a handful
of these queer people in the Steenth
Ward might possibly throw the election to his rival.     He naturally concludes that they, "must be seen, and
seen good and plenty." ' So he makes
overtures which are rejected with a
scorn that completely puzzles him, but
he tries to get even by putting the
police after them when they go out
to do their customary stunt on the
street corners.    Still they'grow; they
seem, in fact, to thrive on this sort of
The years' pass and in a national
election they poll 100,000 votes or so,
about half what'the Prohibitionists,
who have been with us, lo, these fifty
years, usually poll. It attracts no
attention, and next election when 400,-
000 votes are cast the journalist first
begins to "view with alarm." He
quickly recovers, howwver, and forgets
'all about it until next time at the Congressional elections the Socialists have
captured a dozen or-so little cities.
More ."alarm." which again quickly
subsides. The Americain'people, the
journalist assures us, are safe, sane
and conservative', not at all "revolu-
tionary. ' There'is nothing really to
fear.-, This thing is,' after all, nothing
more than an election freak.
With the passing of the years there
is still more growth. • Big cities are
"captured," and in a three-cornered
fight somewhere a Socialist is actually
elected ■ to Congress. More alarm,
which again quickly subsides. It is
discovered that the Socialist in question when interviewed actually doesn't
froth at the mouth. He doesn't really
seem "rabid." His hair is no longer
than that of other people; he has no
whiskers, but wears a mustache or is
clean shaven. His clothes are not distinguishable from those of other people., On the whole, you could, not
tell him at a glance from a" "cohser-
servatfve" he begins to become. The
transformation proceeds satisfactorily
when it is found that in Congress he
doesn't' instantly get up and threaten
that body with immediate social revolution, but instead drafts a bill for an
old age pension, or starts nn inquiry
Into a'strike situation somewhere." In
themeantime more attention is paid to
tlie street corner orators; in fact, tho
bocialists begin to hire halls, small
ones at first, until the biggest halls
in tho big cities are taken and found.
Inadequate. Then the discovery Is
made that the speakers don't say
"clnss  conscious,  revolutionary"  six
teen, timtis, in-every sentence, as they
used to some tensor fifteen years ago,
They actually 'seem to be speaking
English and getting a big vocabulary
likewise, and while 'social revolution"
isn't dropped, the phrase is used less
frequently. It is explained in other
words—in that .wider vocabulary that
has been acquired—but as the critic
hasn't the slightest idea of what it all
means, he misses the familiar phrases
and concludes that the "Socialists are
dropping their revolutionary characteristics and becoming conservatiyes."
Then he prints it aB his opinion. He
is not to be blamed, -perhaps. Many
people-more intelligent than he; in
fact, people calling themselves Socialists, miss the frequency of the old
familiar terms, times imbibe
something more than a suspicion that
the journalist in a way' may be right.
Hence, arises an interesting little internal conflict' among the Socialists
themselves as between "opportunism"
and 'revolutionism" or "imposslbilism.*
as It Is sometimes called by the alleged  conservative opposition.
And finally comes a national election in which the Socialists poll approximately a million votes and send
some theirty representatives into various state legislatures. What further
proof could be ^?anted that the entire
movement becomes conservative as it
grows ever larger? Therefore the
word goes forth' to that effect, more
positively than ever before.
This is the appearance that deceives
these critics. - They see but the tops
of things, and miss everything beneath,
When Socialists were few in number,
they, talked Socialist theory, because
they had nothing else to talk off; they
repeated Socialist formulas because
their' vocabulary, knowledge and experience in public speaking was strictly limited; but to these critics it appeared a matter of choice. Now that
here and there 'they are acquiring
local limited power and are compelled
to give some of their attention to
the work of the office to which their
representatives have been elected,
they are dropping revolution and becoming conservative. It's all as plain
as mud.
Never was there a clearer example
of judging by superficial,appearances,
and these superficial appearances
form the one grain of reality in t the
oft-repeated suggestions that the Socialist movement transforms itself
into a mere radical reform movement
as it grows in numbers and strength.-
The idea these critics have is that as
the tree grows it more and more dif-
ferentintee in nature "from the: seed it
sprung from. They have no concep-
JJoru-thaLiLJsJthe—revolutionary— idea-
—the result" of revolutionary conditions in the Industrial world—that
forces the growth, of Socialism a:.d
that it is in fact the very life of the
At the time of the last Dominion
Election the members of District 18,
United Mine Workers of America, had
been on strike for about five months
and the comrades ^in the farming part
of the district were not organized.
September is a busy month and cash
even more scarce than farms that are
free from debt. This enabled those
who do the political pimping for the
capitalist class to circulate, with some
degree of success, false reports, each
saying that the other had put up the
money for the Socialist campaign. It
so happened that nono of the comrades
in or near the Macieod'' district, who
could expound Socialism from the public platform, could afford' to give their
time. Finally the comrades held three
conventions and Comrade Ed. Fulcher,
of Brandon, Manitoba, consented to be
the candidate. It was too late to do
sufficient propaganda to secure his
election, but there were a number who
had reached that stage of mental deve
lopment that they believed ^Socialism
would■ be O, K_,'but^for"certain very■ ■
objectionable features. ". Comrade. Fulcher being well Informed,.soon' made;
plain that, such objectionable' features
belonged not to Socialism; feut to Capl-'
talism.    Though there were many un- r
favorable   circumstances,-   some, of•_■
them have already been"toJd in'this.'
paper the comrades recorded a.healthy.
increase' of strength. ,-,   So .we have .
words of praise for Comrade-Fulcher.
The difficulty was to get'the "money,
to pay the fine (deposit necessary to'
run a candidate in this Free! country)'.-''
and other expenses.     In some places,;;
comrades   collected i small   amounts
from other comrades, noting the names 7
and the amount given, in all $182.50.- *
One, comrade loaned $200, other com-'; >
rades pledging that when the strike
would be over they would collect this
sum to pay him back.   The total ek-
penses for the election, Including the
forgeit (deposit), was $382.50.   Since
the strike $120 lias been collected. The
comrade needed" his money, so I have*
advanced the $80.    Evory comrade in'
the Macieod district that has not contributed to this fund can now mnko
good by addressing same  to C.  M."
O'Brien, Box 58, Coleman, Alta.
-v yrr\
'-    -_   V
v'- y«.*l
.-" -v/il
.   "..-til
-,  "' -*V'-vi{|
' ■ M
"• -r <'-:^f;L
■" '" Ym
''■". '■"'^I
"   -Jt'l
'   sc- '?■ I
. T'-fsf-l
1  ^- I
to Europe commencing: Nov. 7
to Eastern Canada, Dec. 1
movement—Is, In short, the movement
Itself. For If It were true that tho
movement tends more and more to
more radical reform, It would long ago
have' been swallowed by radical reformers of the capitalistic brand. But
the very opposite ls the fact. Where
Socialism is immature and unclear,
theso alliances aud compromises sometimes como Into existence, but Invar-
(Continued on page 15)
Fernie-Mpntreal, return, 72.15
Fernie-Toronto, return, 67.15
Corresponding Low Rates to points in
Quebec, Ontario, and Maritime Provinces
J. S. Thompson, Agt.
P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
CAPITAL;_jl5,000,000 REST,-$12,500,000_
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce, are a safe, convenient and
inexpensive method o£remitting small sums of money.    These Orders,.,
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Suggestions for Christmas Gifts
1 quart Peter Dawson's Scotch
1 quart■•Hcnwessy 3-star Brandy
1 quart Very Old Madeira Wine
1 quart Jamaica Rum
1 qt. Monopol Brandy Med'] Reserve
1 quart Invalid. Port-Wino
1 largo bottle Burke's Irish Whiskey
1 large bottle Geneva Gin
1 bottlo sealed Ryo
1 bottle Anisette "Brizard tt Rogers"
1 bottlo Blackberry Brandy
2 bottles Parnay Sparkling wine
fn- 'fl_cn"rrT and" claim   it   li_.t_.___. ,(H__.i»t
1 bottlo ftnvdrnV*i l)vv fti
i bottle Ohianti Wine
1 bottle Vin St. Michel
Box of (oil} Ohoico Cm-Mrs
1 bottle unfermentod Grape Juico
Remember the above are\only suggestions,    We carry a very complete stock of
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■3-   «■ i «-,_..• i -\ -r -
Examination Pair's
Under B.C. Mines Act
Questions for Mine Manager Certificate at B.C. Examination
Tuesday, October 29th, 1912.   Time:
■ 9 a.m. to 12.30 p.m.    Seventy per cent
1 What are the duties of the manager under the Special Rules? 10
2 What are the requirements of the
Act as to the various plans of the
mine? 10
3. What returns and notices are required by the Act? 10
4. The following interpretation
terms appear in the Act: "Mine,"
"colliery,''" "shaft," "slope" or "incline,"
"tunnel" or "level," "working-face,"
"opening," "bank," "plan," "ton of coal
gotten,',' 'Minister of Mines," "Chief
Inspector," "medical practitioner," "Inspector," woman or girl," "Chinaman"
and "Chinese," "owner," "agent,"
"manager," "overman," "mine foreman," or "shift-boss," ''shotlighter,"
"certificated official,"' "coal miner,"
"competent person."     Interpret these
" terms within the terms or meaning of
the Act. ■ 20
5. What aro the provisions of the
Act as to penalties? -   "        5
6. What does the Act say in refer1
ence to'inquiring into the competency
or conduct of a mine official? 5
7. What are the provisions of the
Act as to arbitration? 10
8.' What does the Act state as to
ventilation where two or more shafts
are, required other than the requirements specified in the General Rules?
'   10
9. What docs the Act say in reference to wages? 10
10. What are the provisions of the
Act'as to shafts or outlets? 10
measure used: (a) for solids and liquids; (b) for gases? . (c) How may
the specific gravity of gases' be calculated* from the.atomic weight.of the
elementary gases? 10
5. What is the "weight of 650 feet
of marsh gas at a temperature of 60
degs. Fahr., the barometer being at
29.5 inches? 12
6. What would probably'be tho composition of the. explosive mixture if the
after-damp showed' the presence of
white-damp instead of black-damp, and
why? „ ' 10
7. State the cause of sudden outbursts of gas in coal mines, and what
in your opinion should be done to prevent accidents from this cause?        10
8. What is the proportion of marsh-
gas and air in a fire-damp mixture that
will develop the maximum explosive
force? What are the limiting proportions that determine an explosive mixture of these gases? 10
9 In what ways do,various kinds
of coal dust influence the character
of an explosion? 8
10. What is meant by tension of
£,ases, and what effect has compression on confined .gases, the temperature remaining the same? 8
Tuesday, October 29,th, 1912. Time:
2 to 5.30 p.m. Seventy per cent required. >   .
1. Name and describe the different
gases common to the coal mines of
British Columbia. .What are the dangers to ,life and injurious effects, of
these gases on the health of the workmen employed in said mines? Give
the symbols, specific ' gravities, and
properties of the gases.     Where are
they found and how produced? Stat€j
their effects on combustion.      -      20
. 2. If a volume of 1,200 cubic feet of
marsh gas is mixed with pure air in
such a proportion that when exploded
„ all the carbon in the marsh-gas combines with the oxygen, in the air, what
volume of carbonic acid gas will result
the carbonic-acid gas and the marsh-
gas being subjected to the same pressure and temperature? 12
3. When gas is exploded, what effects are caused by coal-dust suspended ln the air? 8
4. What is specific gravity, nnd
what are the standards or units of
Wednesday, Octobe.- :'.rt_].. in'..
Time: 9 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. Seventy
per cent required
!. <a) Which C1U..S ci workings are
more easily ventilated, : .o or dip
workings, and why? (b)
meant by a, positive air-column and a
negative air-column? (c) What do
you understand by ascensional ventilation? ' 10
2 The depth of tlie downcast and
upcast shafts are each 540 feet; their
respective average temperatures are
0 degs. and 300 degs. Fahr.: calculate
the prec=sure per square foot that produces \enli_a.ion in this mine* when
the average barometic pressure is 29.8
inches.   ' Use two methods. 12
3. What do you understand by : (a)
motive vol'umn; (b) ventilating-pres-.
sure; (c) split?    (d) What Is the chief
lise'of-the-regulator? (e)"To~what"
is it equivalent? (f) What arc the
effects produced by splitting the air,
and what advantages, are obtained by
splitting? ' 10
4. An 'airway 8x1-0 feet passes
00,000 feet of air per minute to a point
1,500 feet distant from the downcast
shaft, where it is split into four airways of the following dimensions': 1st,
G x 5 feet, 900 feet long; 2nd, 6x6
feet, 825 feot long; 3rd> 6x4 feet, 840
feet long; and 4th, 5x4 feet, 720 feet
long: (a) What is the quantity passing
through each split; and (b) what
should be tho reading "of tlie water-
gauge for the entire mine?   "        20
-5. , If 50,000 cubic feet of air-pass'in"
a "circular airway,18 feet in diameter,,
what quantity will, pass in 7au airway
6 feet in dimeter, the power.remaining'
the same?    -        y . 15
6. In developing a mine.and mining
a seam of coal generating large quantities of gas, how should the mine b8'
planned-? What«precautions should
be used in developing and mining so,
as to comply with the law? '    . s    10-,
7. Describe • the several forips of
centrifugal ventilating fans, and state
how .you would proceed to determine
the efficiency of each. Also, give
your opinion as tothe" advantage of a
forcing fan over an' exhaust-fan under
certain condition*. - y'   -  . 10
8. #How is the ventilation of .a mine
affected by a rise or fall of the atmospheric pressure?   • . />
9. Suppose you have * charge of a
mine through which large volumes' of
air are passing in two equal currents
or equal resistance and in which the
service of the fan is taxed -to its utmost, while the quantity is still short
of your requirements. The only
change you can make in the mine Is
to make one more split on one side of
the shaft. Can you improve the condition' of the mine by making this
split? Is there any other means of
increasing the ventilation of the mine?
Answer fully. .   '     '* 10
10. Ventilate the, plan given, using
conventional signs. ' 20
Wednesday, October 30th, 1912." Time:
2 to 5.30 p.m.     Fifty per cent- required.-
1. A room is driven 300 feet in
length, 27 feet in width; the thickness
of the coal seam is 316 feet: how many
tons of coal should the room yield, after, deducting 10 per cent. ,for refuse,
assuming that 1 cubic yard of coal
weighs 1 long tou? , -10
2. A seam of coal 7 feet thick is
opened by a shaft having two hoisting
compartments, each 6 feet 6 inches by
7 feet; the roof is good and the bottom
inclined to be soft; what gauge of
tracli use? , How would
^you build your main - haulage-road?
Give the dimensions of the cars you
would use. How much coal, -mine
run, should each car carry, broken
coal weighing 70"lb. per cubic foot? 10
3. Describe the several methods of
timbering,' shafts, slopes, gangways,
chutes, and headings. State, the advantages of each method, under, what
conditions of strata you would apply
them. 'g
4. .Give reasons why different methods of mining.are used, and why one"
mothod will not answer for all mines.
an endless rope haulage is 4,720 feet
in length, and the' rope-band hauls
out 976 tons of coal in"ten hours; the
cars carry 1.4 "long tons of coal, and
an empty car weighs 1,200 lb.; the
velocity of the rope is 2ys miles an
bonr, the weight of the rope ls 3 lb.
per foot of length, ana the .road has a
mean up-grade to the shaft of 2M_ per
cent: what is (a) ,the tension in the
rope, and (b) the horse-power,of the
hauling-englnes? 15
6, In a shaft mine 300 feet deep,
in a 4 foot seam of coal with rock top
and bottom, what size of shaft, heading, room   pillars .would   you   use?
Fancy Worsted Suits, Regular $20.00 & $25.00
Special for Christmas - - $12.50
o* ~. i
All Wool Sweater Coats.^Special for Christmas
o    3.50 to 6.50
Men's Fancy Shirts, Reg. 1.50 to 1.75,     Special 1.00
Stetson Hats. Reg. 5.50, -       -      , -   Special 4.00
* a ' I. _, i
il v ' «
* * \ '
Ladies! Misses' and Boys' Boots and Shoes
at reduced prices
Just received carload Pure Food Canned Goods.    All lines
Five Roses Flo u always on hand. Vegetables a Specialty
Gorgonzola, Canadian Cheddar,*  Imported Swiss,  Cream Brick,  Iiigersoll' s Cream, ^McLaren's
Pimento, McLaren's Cream and other well known cheese
What size airway would you drive?
How would you arrange the shaft-bottom ,to handle 2,000 tons of coal in
/aio-.-it - hnill-g? " • '     10
7. Explain the principle of oxygen
and respiratory mine-rescue apparatus
and their application to mine accidents.   ." s 10
8. - 1-IoW would you avoid the dan-f
gers from coal dust in a dry and dusty
mine? State what you wouldvconsider an effective and practical systom of watering such a mine': 10,
9. You aro sent to explore a newly
discovered coalfield: how would yoa
proceed ' to ascertain the geological
ago of the field, its' character, area,
and commercial value? ' '      -      ^10
10. Which system of working conl
mines affords the best conditions for
Hamper No. 1. Price $3.00
(Weight 30
1 A. 11, V. Sherry
I Sautorno N <fc,I
i MiirsLillii Wino
I. St, Aubin Clarot
.1  lilaok eliorvy Wino
I Old Port
(.  Bottlos
Hamper No. 2. Price $4.00  .
S\ (Weight 30 Ilia.)'
1 Julos Coadan Cognac '" 1 St. Aubin Clarot
.1  A. 11. V. Shorry 1 Scotch Wliinkoy "
.   Special .Reserve
1 llyo wniskoy Canadian 1 Old Port
fl Mottle*
Hamper No.
3. Price $6.00
..SO 11 IH.)
Ilycwliiskoy Canadian
)) Old Port
'J 1 Mitel, ohmv
i' Wino
„ i
.FuIch (,„
Joiidan Brandy
A, U.V.
1 Old Mellow
Hamper No. 4. Price $8.00
(Woight DO llw.)
1 Oporto Morgan Pros.    1 Sherry A. II. V,
1 Loch .Broom Spo. Pes,  1, .Uognior Brandy XXX
1 Uyo Canadian Whisk'v 1 Jamaica limn
IJ Bottlos
Hamper No. 5. Price $10.00
(Wohrhf- -i0 11.« )
Aiui'liui'MJii         '£ Canadian l(_yo
Old Port wino UN. Oo.   1 Tom Uiu OreonlcsH
Florin's Mnr.mflla wino    1 Shorry A. II. V.
St. .Jul.en Claret            .   Brandy LeOrnnd
SaiiternoN&J                                     XXX
Jamaica limn 1_. I).       1  Black cherry Wine
.__ Bottles
Hamper No. 6. Price $12.00
/ %
ii Pints Ohampngno 1 Corby Whiskey
1 Canadian Uyo Whisk'y I Jamaica Hum L. J).
1 Sloe (Iin (.reonlosH      1 Gonzalez Sherry
1     l\ i \1    . T>. 1 T> H
.t   \..]ti.n _u, m»ipuii imv>.->,   * n\.y,k..\._ v..*>f_;niivj
1 John Leo & < 'o. 1 Sauterne N & J
Whiskey     I St. Aubin Clarot
^ French
PJ BottloH
Prices F. O. B. Fernie.     Cash must accompany all orders.      Special Attention
to Out-of-Town Ordors.        Prlcos on Special Hampers glvon on Application
Pollock Wine Co. Ltd., Fernie, B.C.
ventilation,, and why?
9 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. ' Fifty per cent required. .
1. - When a rope carrying a load is
run "over a sheave-wheel, to what two
stresses is it subject? Name -the conditions under which the rope is most
likely to break In the shaft, and. what
would you recommend to guard a-
gainst such contingencies? What ls
counterbalancing? Why is it necessary?    How Is it accomplished?  '   12
2. What kind and size of hoisting
engino would you put in to hoist 1,200
■Ions of coal from a Shaft 400 feet deep
in'eight hours, with a steam-prossuro
of 70 lb„ the weight of coal in oach car
being 3,00(T lb., and allowing 20 p. c.
for resiBtanco of engines, ropes, and
pulleys - (allow _ time for- "caging  the
coal) ?    ' •    . ■    ' 15
3. What quantity of water will a
ger of the pump is 4 incites* lit diameter and the-;pis.on-speed 100 .feet per
minute? If the ratio between the diameter of the plunger and the diameter
of the' piston is 1:2, what steam-pressure will be required in the cylinder
of the pump to lift the water 300 feet?
4. What size of pipe should bo used
to, transmit 800 cubic feet of air per
mlnuto through a pipe 2,500 feet long,
the initial pressure being 100 lb. per
squaro Inch and lho plant being located 4,000 feet above sea-Iovel, whero the
reading of the barometer is 26 inches
under normal conditions? ' 12
5. (a) What is the purpose of a fiy-'
wheol on an engino?   (b) What ls tho
effect if- the fly-wheel is too light for
the work? (c)'lf,.-lt is'too heavy?"
(cl) What is an eccentric?'. (c) For
.what-purpoBe-rare— bearings-bushed ?-
What metals are generally used for
this purpose, and why?' ."-.. ' jo'.
6. "What causes expansion? In
what .direction is it~greatest? Give
reasons. What do you mean by ex-,
pansion? What causes tlie' expansion of a boiler? >ln what direction
is it greatest,1-through the length or
tho diameter of the boiler?. Give reasons. In setting a steam-boiler, what
is tho rosult If the proper allowance
ls not made for contraction and expansion ? What aro tho' effects of unequal expansion and contraction in a
boiler? How would you set a boiler
so as to aIIows all Its parts to bo ire*
(Continued on following pngo)
of Osurktaias G@(0>dl§ .
p.^ EADY for your Inspection.    Frankly speaking, I fool it looks largo for a town tjio sizo of Colo-
'-^     man, but my only romody is to soil at so stnnll a profit as to compell my frlonds 'to buy largo-
i,   ly.   I cannot doscrlbo such a stock In so small a mmco, but will just drop a fow hints. •: .
(iom and Signet Rings in 10, 14 and 18K Gold, from $1.00 up.    You can havo a ronl Dla.
mond HIng from $0,00. ' <
Wntchos to Chooso from -In Solid Gold, Gold-fiUod tmd NlcUlo Casos, from $1,00 up to tho
finest movement Bold.' '     ,-1
U«_wvf/___ilww SoIla aold ^ 'lfot hl Dlnmon<1 »»°unUi filled Fobs and Dlckeufl', Cliaiuu, Nroochua
Q^WOiry  (solid gold und gold filled), Dar Plus, Studs, Kmblom PIiih, Dliiiiiond Cuff Iluttons,
Tlo Pins, and so many articles that lt Ib liriposBlblo to mcminn nil.
Hodgors' 1841 Quality needs no rocoinniondntlon, and .bono aro tho goods I
soil,    Tlio Block noodu only to bo scon.    Tho prices tlio lowest,
Tlio rush Btnrlod Just when displayed.    Tlioro still*some .Inrdliiioroa,
Ton sotB, Vuhob, Smoker sols, Mirrors, Troys, Plcturo Frames, otc,
'   H\ipvrMY>w Aivfr (H/rMniA& T1,lH lfl 80mol,,,l,B "ow ,u Ul° WoBt-   l wo1"11 Bl>"Ply any:   Ail Indies,
UvPiry ^irit Vui(Q)(Q)iQ1® v\QnMi Cnll ami liiflpoctj to soo 1h to bo clmrmetl; ovory liidy ol tasto
» will want somo artlclo In tho nrt good lino,
I.P     Dross Cnso sots, Manicure »ets, Leather I.anK, Mush Hop, Christ-
» nms Cards, Fancy China Cups, Hand-painted China Trays, dike
l^nios—Oh! Just plcaeo cnll nnd boo'tho stock; variety iimi prices will dollght and, astonish you, .
Al@_s. Ci_m<s_f©__)i
Jeweller & Eve Snseci&lsi Colemaim, Alta.
ISetore You Buy Christmas Presents
See Our Practical Goods
Hardware Furniture
" iii
Just^ii!   A. full" stock of Choice New Raisins, Currants,
Nuts,, Peels etc.   The very best tl?ai could be procured
A Few Specials
Victoria Cross Raisins 16 oz. pkg;, 2 for 25, 9 for $1.00
"    Currants 16 "     '« « 15; 8 "    1,00
Pansy Seedless Raisins 12 X1   . '"     2 " 25, 9 "    100
Peels, Orange and' Leiftion      ■ - -^ - - per lb. .20
Peels, Orange, Lemon and,Citron mixed    •  per lb. .25
1   Apples, Choice Washington bit
inosaps, Home Beauties, Pippins etc.,   per box 1.85
Fiye Roses Hour.     .-/    - per 100 lbs. 3:65
Invited Giiests    Must   Have    Bloody
Feast says Governor— Admits
Capital Punishment Wrong
Give us a trial order.    Satisfaction guaranteed or money
refunded.    Free delivery Blairmore and Hillcrest.
V 7
W   -
A. I.
Frank, Alta.
Bellevue, Alta.
SALEM, Ore., Dec. 17.—^hile the
four men whose lives were forfeited
to the law in the state penitentiary on
Friday were being hanged, a_ dramatic
scene that -may prove ristoric was
enacted ia the office of Governor
Oswald.West in the state house. Un-
Milce Morgan, one of the four doomed
men fought for reprieve.
Even after Faultier and Garrison, the
first twp had been hanged, the attorneys remained in the governor's office begging the executive to save
Morgan's life. West was firm. He
said: "Hanging is all wrong. It is a
cruel barbarous practice. But the
people of this state last month voted
against the abolition of capital punish-
metu and in letting these men bang today I am simply obeying the mandate
of the people.' They asked for this.
Well, out at the prison they are having a bloody feast."
"fint, Governor," pleaded the attorney, "Morgan did not commit this
crime. He did not get a fair trial.
He never had his day in court or a
chance to tell his story."
The governor rose wearily: "I believe you," he said,. "I believe Morgan
did not kill John Yerkes with premeditation. That's all the more reason be
should die." If I reprieve him now. I
know, I tell you, I know the movement
to abolish hanging will be delayed for
The-lawyer would have argued further but the governor checked him.
-'-"Morgan did not kill'Yerkes with
-premeditation. ' We, will strangle him
and the rest.' The people clamored
for the lives of these men. They cried i
'Crucify them.'" With tears in his
eyes, but with lips curled in a sneer,
he concluded the interview, "it
would be unfair to'our invited guests
who have looked forward with so
much pleasure to this event at the prison to rob them of a single item on
the program."
-.. - -^.
' ',7v
'Sunkist" Spoons
While you are eating luscious, juicy, tangy,
seedless "Sunkist" oranges, you are delighted with the -
magnificent silverware you are getting for your table.
You always order "Sunkist" oranges because thev are tha '
finest, richest, selected fruit grown anywhere 5 the world
7- .'■$;
Picked and packed by gloved hands
Thin-skinned, fibreless.
-the cleanest of all fruits.
-   Not a Seed in "Sunkist"
Cut the trademarks from the wrappers around "Sunkist"
llTtnV?^ an,d Send-them t0 " Select silverpiecL
S£L 5 l J ffnt premu,ms' Every piece the famous
Rogers Standard A-l guaranteed silver plate.
1? fTilf Ro{f"s °ran,?e spoon shown above is sent to you for
12! trademarks from   Sunkist" oranges or lemohs.and 12 cents
samdeeSa"SunS;t '^In S^^ -d Je'«--^ers count
s>ume as bunkist. In remitting, send amounts of 20 rents' or
over in Postal Nota, Post Office or Express Money OrdS
Buy "Sunkist" oranges by ihe box, hall-box or dozen-front
your dealer. ■ ,.,'■_
;Send  your  name  for  our
complete free premium sheet
' and Premium Club Plan.
Send all orders for premiums
and all inquiries io (180)
California FruitGrowers Exchange
10S King Street, E»_t, Cor. Church
.- I
(Continued from previous'pago)  ■
easting; (f) wresting, (g) What is
total latitude; (g)'total departure? 8
2. Plat the following compass sur-
vey to'a scale of'lOOXeLtoJJn.dyW
find the area: ,      ^   '-
do move under a change of tempera-
,-lure?    '•      •■       '.. .15
•    .-7.'  If it requires 14 horse-power to
. drive tho armature of n dyi.amo when
it is delivering k29,820 ■ watts, what, is
the.efficiency of'the  dynamo under
theso conditions? io
8. ' Explain why a compound ■ hoisting.engine should have-an auxiliary
steam pipe and throttle valve to admit
live, steam to'its low prossuro cylinder?   \ ,g
, Thursday, October Slat, 1912. Tlmo:.
__ to 5,30 p.m. Fifty per cent roqulr-
1.   Dofine: (a) latitude; (b) departure; (c) northing; (d) southing; (e)
J to 2
2 to 3
3 lo 4
•I to 5 ,
5 to 1
-" Bearing-
N. 35 deg. E.
N. 83 deg. i/2 E.
S. 57 deg.'E..
S. 34 deg. Vt W.'
'N. 5G deg. %-W.
270 feet
129 feet
222 feet
355 feet
" 15
3. What kind of a vernier is used
on the transit? How many adjustments of the transit' aro necessary?
Explain each In detail. . 7
' 4. Calculate the latitudes and .departures for the following courses and
show the method employed; determine
the distance from Station 1 to Station
3 In a direct line:—   ,
1 to 2
2 to 3
4 to 5   '
S.-40 deg. 30 ft. K.
S. 74 cleg. 30 ft. ID,
N. 33 dog. 15 ft. 13.
N. CO dog. 00 ft. W.
207,0 ft
309.C, ft
188,0 ft
270,0' ft
5 to 6     Due west N 213.5 ft
6 lo 1      S. 51 deg. 54 ft. W. » 139.3 ft
--'' '" ' - 2.°
ing levels': '
'   •    3
4 '
4 plus 50   •'
.'. °-7:1
'' 4.70
-   1.25
measured along the entry between the
centre lines of the room's, if the perpendicular distance between these
lines -is-54-feet-? '—1 \ 0
Draw a profile of siume; 10 feet vertical equals 1 Inch, and 100 feet horizontal equals 1 inch; 20
0. Give several methods of carry-
Ing a survey into a mine by vertical
shaft, and .explain fully the ' one in
which one shaft and four plumb.lines
aro'used.    ' 10
7. Show by sketch the mothod of
laying out curves with the transit. 8
, 8. Tho entry runs N. 30 deg. E„
and the rooms turned off from it run
N. 20 dog. W.: what ls the distance
ASHTABULA, Ohio, Dec. 17.—Eight
dead and .seven injured was the toll
of the wreck here last night .when a
Lake Shore and Michigan Southern
coal train struck a street car. Mot-
orman- McCutclieon is held, by the
; tracts; OF COAL
EDMONTON,- Dec, 16.—To mako a
complete nn'ri t?p0„r„.3T.
DEVONPORT, Eng., Dec, 14.—The
steamer run' down, and • sunk by tho
British battleship Centurlou, in tho
English, channel 011 Tuesday, has now
been almost certainly -established as
the Derna, whose crow consisted of
about 25 mon. She was formerly
known as the Qlrgentl'o'and was owned In Genoa, Itnly.
-*     *    — -T^-_-_m -_-F___r_tvv .,
Save over $25
when buying your
THIS FALL.   W^^^^^Mmmmm
You can buy DOMINION PRIDE RANGE at Factory Price
Wrccl from the Largest Malleable Range Works tn Canada
ical surve'y of the 28,000 acres of-coal
lands leased by the'San Francisco
Coal Company at the confluence of
the Smokey and Muskeg Rivers, and
II. John MacVlcar, mining engineer'of
the firm of Fairchild,' Jones and Taylor, will leave'the city on January 1
to carry on extensive tunneling operations and in othor .ways further tho
plans for the'opening up of the mines,
with a party of fifteen engineers, surveyors'and miners, and will spond the
remainder of the winter ln the Smoky
River country. ■ Supplies and equip-
mont are .being shipped wost today for
the, use of the party, which will start
out-from a point In the vicinity of
Hlnlon, making the 100 mllo journey
to tho,"local claims 'by the winter sled
trail now being built. Preparations
for the season's work aro bolng rapidly furthered, and 1013, It Is stated, will
witness dovolopment on an extensive
scalo In anticipation of tho advent of
railway facilities,
Mr MacVlcar, who vlsltod tho claims
In,tho fall of this year, and returned
to llio city a fow dnys ngo, stated this
morning that n first-class bituminous
coal was to bo found on tho company's
proporty. The coal lies on tho surface nnd thero will bo no pumping and
no hoisting to do.   .
"It is Just ii mnttor of limnolliiK,"
Hnld tho englnoor, "and forgo equip-
mont will bo necessary. Tho product
can bo convoyed by gravity from tho
tunnols to tlio cars on which It Is
LETHBRIDGE, Alberta, Dec. 12th.—
That American coal is the green-
eyed monster which causes a shutdown, of the -mines in the Southern
Alberta coal fields for from two to
four months every summer has been
conclusively proven this winter, for
with little American coal on the market the demand for coal from this
district bas increased''amazingly, and
all mines are running to their full
given out this morning by B. K. Bullock, of Taber, one of the independent,
mine owners who is behind the movement for a reduction in freight rates
on coal from this district sufficient
lb allow Canadian coal to ho placed
on the American market' at a lower
figure than is now possible, thus giving them tho advantago of competing
In one of the largest centres. of demand iii the west.
"The coal' market this winter," said
Mr. Bullock, '"la away better than lt
has ever beon. . ThlB |8 caused by
the absence of American coal on the
Winnipeg market. Tho strlko in tho
American conl fields during tho summer has caused a shortage of coal on
the other side, and little is being shipped to the Manitoba market now. The
result is a demand for Alberta mined
coal in that market.
• :.i"ThIs shows beyond the shadow of
a doubt that Alberta coal could control
the Manitoba market if. the. freight.
rates were reduced ^as we are asking.
If that.time ever comes it will mean,
continuous operation in 'the mines In
this district, and those who have seen
the prosperity in the coal camps attendant upon the ' increased output
this winter know that the control,of
the Manitoba coal market would mean
greatly increased prosperity through-
out the whole of Southern Alberta.'
BERLIN, Germany, Dec. 12^- According to an article on Berliri'million-
atres, the fortune of the German Emperor amounts to $5,000,000 in funds,
and $30,000,000 in real estate, part of
which is in the capital.
IBI5NBUBREN, Germany, Dec. 17.—
Twenty thousand textile workors have
been out by the Muenstorlaud
District Employers' .Association owing to the strlko for an Increase of
wages for tho workmen employed at
a local cotton mill.
Manufacturer's Profit + Jobber's Expense of
HnncU% and Selling + Jobbcr'a Profit + Retailer's
Jixpensa of Handling1 ond Selling; + Retailer's Profit +
Freight. ' ,
Ey cur ^litwL "I\*du*y iu KUcbea" selling plan all
thw efargraore cut out except ihi acliu. autauf«u_(uriag
n .,?-'
Here is ■ Boek Worth Saving !
IT l«ll« about eooklujr from tht tltnt th* I
Cm Dwtlliri uit_r«o put hot • on" i In I
lb* pot to Wl it, Th* Book eoMitfli I
Uvucu.tig tnltiT*
ntattoa gtthtrtd
from winjr tour-
et« ana li, lllui-
trvttit   pro.iutly.
Tk* "IvoIiIUi tf
theCcnkSim* .
th«'/Dominion i
r„M'tj" iu»gt».
Whfiht r you a*r_)
% Klin Jutt now
etjoy thli book,
MmimM.,. -it nan
i8 the„difference.between tbe $41 to $49 which you pay
for a "DOMINION PRIDE" Jfage and the $69 to£«
wh ch you would have to pay the Dealer for a Ranee
which cost as much to make.
" Are vou anxious to eontrlh«t*» $<n or tin to tl.*
middlemen? "
iu the—
C5.5^'S!,.<;!1.^''^^,,1,o!""">*"«"» >;i_n!i»ii.i.«itoi..pi.t.»4.w_1»i(h.^^.
itroiiK malleable iron anil (lie beat bluo poltilted
iteel-tnateriala that will neither warp, crack nor
break, ao tbtt It will laat a lifetime, it la made iu
tillilargeit Malleable Iron KatiKe Worka in Canada,
mid each range li backed hy our unconditional
' guarantee.
• Tho "DpM.N.pN fttrnr." loolf* W<1|( cooka
well, aayea fuel and li eaaily cleaned, Von'H be
proqd of Ita neat, liandanme appearance lu ronr
LlUlwii, mul of tlto ftripetiring food it will cook to
perfection for you. VonMI ap
keeping Hi blue pollabed
■bpreciale theeateof
ateel em-face and tbe
snore than nleascd
«• ^f JNION Pitt TO" «J ffSWStSj
jo% of the fuel. •'
- , A "DOMINION PRIDU" nangc, with HIKli
/ Cloact 8bel and Klevated Tonkor I'iuih 1 leaervT
with Zinc Shot't to go under range. 8 aectloni Illue
Pollabed StcclPipeand a Rlbowe.wlU bedeliveffl
to any hUllon tn OnUilo, Quebec or the
Maritime Proylneea for l»t, or to any Station in
the Pour \\V«»i<rn TWInrM fs lo be «_ut
with order and balihce to be paid when Ranire I*
del vered at your Station. If not convenient to oav
eaih we will arrange to accept your note.
Canada Malleable & Steel Range Mfg. Co. Limited, Oshawa, Ontario.
Who* wtftfaf it wfll hm'm ^Hn.t farar fa Wt « m ^ffl ^^ ^ ^^
France \d\o Full Day—Demonstration
Is rjlrc.ed Aonln! War
I'Allia, Dor. 10.—AilojitliiK ihn hIo-
Kfin "Wnr Amilimt Win'," tho Kroncli
rinnornl Fodonitloii or Lnbor nillii upon
workoi-H of <-vory (-Ihhh to romnln Idlo
for lho wholo twonty-fmir Iioui-h todny throughout  Vri\iifi> an a pmii-iil
UKIllllBt   lllllitlirlHIll. .MCtlllllKH   hold >OH-
torduy nil ovor tlm country In ohedl-
ciiio to tlio ordor wero hold,
At this m-OBt, Troiilon mul .Mm-
hoIIIoh naval nIiiIIoiih tlio men nny thoy
will nol work nml lho iiuthorltlcH lmv«»
luaiiuil a Dfoolunintlnii warning kov-
oniiiiont workmen of tho lllcgnliiy of
tho Btrlko. '      j
u it. t-Ajjociuu tliat no rnilwny trnlna |
"ill id):, j.v i<.iV-hi.i|,j| Wirt>a tinr>int. 1
iiicjo-u'cm and   tho   electric worl.crH
may pluniro Parla Into da-hnos^. j
OptlmlHlB hopo tho iitrlko may not j
ho unlvoHinl. morcly IjoI^iu tried hh a I
y... \.. ,,,\-. ■flurKuiKuinii h loyally to <
IiIh union,
Thn ordor promulgntcd by tho Ona-
oral Fodorntlon of r.nlior rondR In
"Only hy tho romploto coHiintlon of
UK-nun ot prndiiMfnn nnd lrw>_i»i'.flon
«iid nf work of nil klndi. can hil.r
ilrllflni'ly domon..>r.iV |*u f!:m d(.U;-
inliiatloii lo rtiCus.. to ro-njicrati' w|t|i
Ifa work of ilnalh U contrary to th.-
hU-iiH of pragmaa and hiimniilty,"
Kvciy nvnllnblo Pari* p^llfcmnn l<»
nrtwj to bo <m duly today.
Senator Derbyahlro, of BrookvlUe, Ont.i writoa i
Xo the) "roprlctora of Pops,
t am vory plonscd to oxproai wy Itlgli opinion of your
PMpMr.t en. bomo time ngo I contraotod a vory bad cold,
y/lncU aBttlod on my luntiB and bronchlBl tuboB. I nlmoRt
JoBt my vi Ico, v/au couatantly oougliinsi and oxporlonccd
confiidorahlj palu.
A frlotid offorod mo a box of Popu and I trlod thorn. X
ww voi y much ploasod v^ith thoir almost Instant notion.
ihoy sooiaud to ho diroot to tho Boro placea, Btoppod tho
coufihlnK, nnd mado my breathing oanlor. I continued tholr
Ufio for ttdhorb timo, and they completely curod my cold.
Blnco then, on ono or two occasions, wh6n I havo contractod
a baa rold, I havo iwd them, and each tlmo tbo result hai
beon equally fatisfaotory.
Myiwlfehaaliadiinexperlenco Bomewbat Blmllar, and
•   althouih neithor of «B believe! in vory muoh modiclne.tak*
."K'iF* ^flS(.rd P°P',n » «Ue» by thomiolves. and aucba
handy eflToctlvs remedy, that wo alw&ya keep a aupply in
tbt house.
Brockvllle, Ont
Tcm tiro Btnall pMtlllwi containing cerUlu medicinal InurcdicnU, whloh
wlirn plncod upon tlio tontnie Immcdlatoly turn Into vapor, nml ain breathed
down tlia air paK«aKcs to tha Imivfl. On th«Ir Journey they hmIIio tho in-
flnmi'rt nuiHrrit.'iti'd mpmbmnr* nf l)w>brnfir>litn11ntii>g, flw. ,,. i., i,.,it.; -»
ihe niri>a_.x.u'ci, and tln«Uy enter and carry relief and bcalinir to tlia'cabu*
Juries nnd tiny air sacs In the luntts.
In a word, while no Jhinld or so_ld can (rot to tlm lung* nml nlr wminiroa.
nips fumes trot thero direct 1 and at once commence their work of hcalingi
All druffttlsts and etoren mill Tepi st fiflc,
a Ijox or Post frt-0 from IVpa Co., Dupont Street,
Torta\1o tr.r prion. Send le. ^«:imp fir trial
j>__ck_i. und bouklut Ulltuw all ahuiil J'cp*.
| Order your Chrlitmaa Cards nt once
'.-!?■? '.y.-»"',':l'-l -t'i!..'-'-?--(. -T=i»te5&aqshM_l_«_ .n..,.,. w_iirra»_--_^»w~J>^.
•■7  "" ' ■'■ ■•-■" y _     y :; .yy '  -'     .--■"#'
Accidents from Falls        °
; . -        ■''•"..      .y N .
of Roof and Coal
\ (Concluded from laat week)
Your positions carry great responsibility in caring for the mine and in
caring for the lives of the men under
your direction; the prevontipn of falls
of roof Is one of your most important
duties. The responsibility of taking
care of the roof in tlie entries, headings, or passageways is yours. Unsafe roof in these places* should be
promptly attended to, and making it
safe should be considered more important than getting out coal.
In keeping rooms nnd working
places safe you share responsibility
with the miner, except that it is your
duty to see that timber supplies and
tools are promptly furnished at the
request of the miner, or as your own
inspection has shown to be necessary.
Systematic records should be kepi of
the supplies furnished each miner, and
it should be a matter of suspicion that
requires inspection if the miner is not
using at least the average supply of
timber furnished other miners. Dealing with a large body of men you will
always find arcertain number of miners careless of their own safety. These
men should be closely watched, and
any miner who persists in not using
the necessary amount of timber should
be given other less dangerous work
to do or should be placed as the part
ner or "buddy" of a more experienced
and careful miner. . •
It is sometimes thought because tho
roof is strong that little or no timber
is required, Sucli mines or places are'
often the most dangerous, because
when a loose block of roof is undermined there is no protection. Where
tho roof is good there is a tendency
for the miners and the foremen to become careless. You should bear In
mind that you must always ba prepared for the unusual condition. The loss
of one life or the crippling of one man
wl'.l !<.!>" for a vast amount of timbering, not only from a humanitarian
standpoint, but in dollars and cents.
1        Inspection of working Faces
Constant inspection of the working
face's Is of the utmost importance,
The mining laws of some States specify that the foreman Is not often enough. It is far better, if the work
_ian be so arrnged, that an inspection
be made every day by the foreman or
assistant foreman in addition to the
preliminary inspection by the fire
boss; and It would be still better if
inspections were made several times a
day—if not by the foreman or pit boss
or his assistant, by special inspectors
or face bosses.
When there are a large number of
miners who do not speak English, you
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the working-man's trade
G. A. CLAIR :-: Proprietor
Pianoforte Tuition
Pupils prepared for Academic Examination
at reasonable terms
Miss M. H. Williams, JL. A. B.
Box 531
Ciu-l- of W. P. Williams ■
should either learn'tbeir language'suf-
ficiently to explain how and where th*
props are to be set, or should have an
interpreter explain to'the men 'what'
is, required in .timbering, as' well as.
In other matters" pertaining to safety,'
In such cases it is doubly, important,
that a foreman who orders additional,
timbers to be' set should return to see
tbat his orders haye been obeyed. ' ;:
Improvement in Method of Timbering
It should beVour constant thought
*o improve the methods of timbering
This is particularly true in Machine
mining and in drawing pillars. Where
breast machines are used a large amount of space is required between the
face and the nearet timbers. . In many
cases temporary props should be set
up, and reset as the undercutting proceeds. . There is particular danger in-
machine mining' when the work is .so
subdivided that no one man is responsible for the condition of the timbering, either temporary or permanent,
in any one room or entry.
You should arrange ■ this work so
that the timbering will be.carefully
looked after, and some one will be responsible, for each room and entry head,
and you should not permit loaders to
enter a working face unless there has
been a preliminary inspection "made
of the roof. Many foremen have done
excellent work by managing the timbering so as to keep down the number
of accidentB from falls in their mines.'
but in the greater number of mines,
as shown by inspection and by statis-
•tics gathered by the Statj) inspectors,
insufficient precautions are taken.
In steeply dipping coal beds there
are added, dangers from falls of roof
or coal. A large fall at the face may
knock out many' props. Where acci-'
dents from .this or similar cause have
occurred frequently, you should try to
see whether the method of mining
is the safest that can be adopted; that
is, if open rooms are .run straight up
the pitch, .see whether inclined rooms'
may not be used,vor whether the gob
(goaves) may not be filled by waste
rock, or by washing in refuse or sand,
as is done in some German mines in
advancing work, and mines of the anthracite fields of Pennsylvania in recovering'pillars.
The Law In Pennsylvania
The following extract from the mining law passed in Pennsylvania in 1911
is printed here to show the measures,
taken by the largest coal mining stato
to compel miners and foremen to be
careful and'to" watch the roof.
Bituminous Mining Law of Pennsylvania, in Force ,1911.
. Article 25. Rule 1.—The miner "shall
examine his working place-before ^beginning work, and take down all dangerous slate,-or otherwise make it safe'
mencing to mine or load coal.' He
shall examine his place to see whether
the fire boss has left the date marks
indicating his examintion thereof, and
Itsaid-marka.can not be shall
6e'the'vduty'of the miner to'notify the
•mine foreman or the assistant mine
foreman of the fact. The miner shall'
at all times be careful to keep)his
.working- place in a safe condition during working^ hours." ' ,
7- Should he atiany time find his place
becoming dangerous from gas or roof
or from "any unusual condition. that
may arise.' he shall at once cease/
working, and inform the mine, foreman
or the assistant-mine foreman of• said
Janger and before leaving his place he
shall put some'plain "warning across
the entrance thereto to warn others
against entering into danger.     '.'    ._
It shall be the duty of the miner to
mine his coal properly before blasting and to set sprags under the coal
while undermining to secure it from
falling. After each blast he shall ex-'
ercise care in examining the roof and
coal and shall secure them safely before beginning to work.   ,
He shall order,all props, cap pieces,
and all other timbers necessary at
least one day in advance of., needing
them, as provided,,for in the rules of
the mine. If he fails to receive said
.timbers, and finds his place unsafe, he
shall vacate it until the necessary timbers are supplied.
Article 25, Rule' 7.—All. employees
shall notify the mine foreman or the
assistant mine foreman of the unsafe
condition of any,' hauling roads or traveling ways, or of
damage to doors', brattices, or stoppings, or of obstructions in the air passages, when said conditions are known
to tliem.
'    ,y . i--,S^    .     .      * -,      ., . .    y »-",_.,? •>"*    -~f
Tbe McBride government 'will at
least, go down in history as a builder
of jails, penitentiaries and sylums,"
It is better to begin at- the bottom
of the ladder than to tumble from the
op.—Mixer and Server. v
To all Organized Labor in British Columbia Greeting;—       ' y
, Pursuant to the constitution, a,call
is hereby issued for the Third Annual
Convention of the B. C. Federation of
Labor, to convene in Forrester's Hall,
Victoria, at 10 a.m., Monday, January
13th, 191?.                                  y
Each organization affiliated with the
Federation shall be entitled to representation on the followiug basis;
Each labor union shall be entitled
to two delegates for the first hundred
members or less, and one delegate for
each additional hundred members or
major fraction thereof.
Central    Labor    Bodies,    District
Boards, Bul.diuij Trade.- Council.J. .A!
lied Councils and similar bodies shall
be  entitled  io  two  delegates  each.
Delegates from Central Bodies must be
members of Unions affiliated with the
No proxies shall be allowed.
Delegates shall  receive  their  credentials from their local unions In duplicate and send one copy to the Secretary of'the Federation at least two
weeks previous to the date of the Convention and deliver the other to' the
Committee on Credentials. S,
No credential shaa De considered
valid bearing more than name of delegate and alternate." Provided that if
alternate presents. credentials and is,
seated he shall be the only recognized
representative throughout f the sessions of. the Convention:". " ■
Any Union or Central Body that has
Rush Your Flower Orders
And  receive promptest shipment.    ' Our designer has nimble fingers
as well as artistio ideas, and hence'orders received--right up  to  Dec. ■
2-lth.can be expressed to you the  same day.      ,  -
To have those flowers, in time for your Christmas table. « Rush In
your order now from this price list. We pay the express on orders
of $5.00 and upwards. ■ *'.'■■• ■ •
* Roses, American Beauty... JJS-ffl©
,  Roses,-No." l,*~red,-:"-.L?-vT"-..: ...." 97.
• Roses, No. 1, pink and white 93-$S
, Carnations, No. 1, red    JfS-'
Carnations, No. 1, pink & white S3
Chrysanthemums,- 1st size  .... SJ5
■  Chrysanthemums, 2nd size .... 84 ■
Chrysanthemums, 3rd size  .... ?»
Narcissus,  paper  white       81
Violets, double  .50
-Violets,  single    ': 7S
Smilax, per string, 2 yds. long .35
^.Asparagus,  Plumosa ' 7."'
Asparagus, Sprengerl   .......   .50
Holly, Coast, No. 1 Quality ner
lb '       - ■ ■--
not been previously affiliated may become affiliated by paying bIx- months'
dues for* the term they;make appllca^
tlon. •  ,        .<""'■
.The revenue of the Federation shall
be derived as follows: A per capita
tax of two cents per' member per
month from all local "Unions; from
Central Bodies, District Boards, Building Tra'des Councils, - Allied Trades
Councils and similar bodies, One Dollar per month. "All moneys shall be
payable in advance to the Secretary
of the Federation in two half-yearly
Instalments due and payable in June
and December of each year.   '
The Executive Board will meet prior
to the date of Convention for- the purpose of preparing reports, appoint committees, etc. ■ .You should therefore
elect your delegates- at once, as affiliated organizations" who leave the selection of delegates to the 'last moment haye little chance of representation on the, committee.        '
If your organization ls not affiliated, you may become affiliated and entitled to representation at the Convention by paying, per capita tax.for the
January to June 19l3.term,:at the rate
of two cents per member per month.
The headquarters of the Executive
Board will be at the • Prince George
Hotel.    '- - " '"'':.■'
Conclusion   < .
■Many matters of vital importance
to the, future welfare of the ■ working
class of thesprovince will be brought
before the 'Convention for discussion
and action and it is necessary, there-
f6re that'every union entitled-to representation shall send its full number
of delegates and be represented by its
most earnest .and. experienced workers
in the Labor Movement.
' Yours fraternally  .   ,       "
\ LONDO^; EftbM7.1 y An interesting:,
statement  respecting ^profit' sharing,.
and labor; co-partnership has just" been .-
issued" by; the Ward of trade.   Several "
schemes have fa,l|ecf but 133 now exist,.
affecting 106,000 workmen.'    In profit ,
sharing' scheme's,' the workers get a'
fixed Bfiare"in the5.profits of the ,un-
dertaking and the .results show that
this increases wages, by "an average of"
five and,a" half per cent.  .' In co-part-? -7
nership workers share"the.profit ac--.
cumulates-In'capital of the business, "
and he thus' gains the position of a
shareholder. ''■ ...This" form • ef" profit "
sharing is markedly on the. increase -
and is apparently' preferred -to" the •
former,     v   ' ' -       '.'   • -       .-',"'
'.  A'
The following rhyme, is going the':
rounds of thepress to show" up the ridi--
culous fashions of the present day. , It
originated on the Pacific slopes, it Is
said, and'certainly contains the fresh- _
ness of Western breezes:
, Little girl, you look so small,    -
Don't you wear no clotheB at all? -
Don't you wear no shimmy shirt,
Don't you petty skirt?      •
Just your corset and your hose—
Are those all your underclothes?
Little girl, when on the street .
You appear to be all feet, " .'.
With your dress so very tight .'
You,are an awful slgh't.. ' '   .
Nothing on to keep you .warm;  " ,
Crazy just to show your'form.
Little glrl,"you won't live long,
Just because you dress all wrong.
Can't you wear more underclothes ,,
Than your corset.and your hose?     ;
After while, I ,do believe,       - -   *
You will'dress like Mother Eve.
i-i-TOO Mistletoc-r-ErigiislirTJei—rur-l
224,   8th   AVENUE,   West,  CALGARY.
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
by ltxial applications, as tliey cannot rcucli tho
diseased portion of tlie ear. There is only one
way to cure deafness, and that ls by constitutional remedies. Deafness Ih caused by an lntlnmed
condition of tho mucous lining of thc Lustachlun
Tube. When this tube ls Inflamed you have a
rumbling sound or imperfect hearing, und when
lt is entirely closed Deafness Is the result, and
unless the Inflammation can he taken out aud
this tube restored to Its normal condition, hearing will be destroyed forever; nine cases out ot
ten arc caused by Catarrh; which is nothing but
.anJuBamed-condltlon-of-the- mucous-surfaccar—
■ Wo will give Ono Hundred Dollars for any casa
of Deofness (cnufied*by catarrh) that eonnot be
cured by Hall's Catarrh Curei Send for circulars, free. «
•P. J. CHENEY __ CO., Toledo, 0.
Sold by Druggists, T5c.   '. -.
Take Hall's Faml..-,.Fills for constipation.
Fernie Hotel
Best Commercial House
in the Pass
Excellent Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
: and Hairdresslng Parlor
1 *  _. -
Billiards and Pool
Lunch Counter .	
Ben Wallacei   -;;Mgr.
, . /
ERE it is.    Grasp the Opportunity.    Harvey Murphy retires from business.
The Frank mines close down.     The business section of the town has
to move. The contractor gives us to JANUAEY 1st., before he begins operations. We have decided to close up. our business in Frank.
Entire stock to be slaughtered regardless of cost. Wo must immediately turn this fashionable and seasonable $15,000 stock into money and
it must ho done by January 1st. 1913. We ask no profit. The stock must go for what we caii realize.on'it for immediate sale, even to selling
below cost.    Kemember this is no old. stock or job lot but bright and new and up-to-date of standard make and quality..
Sale Begins Saturday December H and Ends January 1, 1913
A Few Sample Prices of what Goods will be Sold Duping this Great Closing Up Sale
Staple Dry Goods ai    Ladies9 Boys & Child-     House Furnishings       Men's  Furnishings
Less than Cost
18 inch All-Lini'ii Rollnr Towpllinpf .... ir>(_.
18 inc.. Ton Townllinp •.... lRc.
Mi inch Il'oivy Knp.lif.1. Flnnnolotto ,..,. 15(».
!.(. inch Iloavy Ki.tfliHli Flnnnolotto, heller (|iinli.y	
•12 inch Fine. Art Muslin	
ft9 .no., l.nfyv V.i.'.'IMi Rut.N« ,
•12 inch IJlfuclud r'irculur Collou •
H.-l Heavy Hlcuchod Sheeting ..■•.
CO inch All I linen Tnhh. Linen	
Up Salo
at prices that will appeal to you
Uoqulfir  Cloning
Prico   Up Salo
All sizes Children».. TIcavy All Wool
Slocking). ..,.,; " 135c. 100,
l.oyH' Heavy Ribbed All Wool Slockingn 40o. 25o.
Roys' and Girto' •_ and 1 ribbed, fine
quality  150c. 28o.
Ladies' Heavy IMnuk GftHhn.crcl.o, fine
nun lily   .. °"n IKf
findinf.' fine Ml Wool Cashmere  -10e. 9.Re.
..adies' Fine Pen Anglo Brand   cash-
niflro   s50e: 85o.
Our Finest Quality Pen Anglo Hriuid
Hlaol.  CnHhinorn   , i" •■ flOc. 43c.
Under the Knife
Now is the time to buy those Extras
jor yonr home at Rock Bottom Prices
, • Itogular Closing
Prico   Up Salo
at prices that talk.     "MEN," Now is
the, chance to Save Money,  , These
prices touch bottom
l.ogulnr  Closing
Prico   Up Salo
10 Only, Heavy Moqnoto ItngH, 24 x 48 $2.00
C Only, Jnpancso Rugs, UG x 72    2.25
5 Only, Axmihstcr Hugs, 27 x C4 ....   3.50
G Only, Houvy Velvet Pilo Rugs, 30 x
(a    »»t#. i.t. »♦..»♦     t#**itti(t      i.'_UU
i'jjlowu, biunuurd iiriimi, well illicit..   i.2o
. _ 4 Fltfi.uclwL-i. B-_.....u...  ,. A.lo
7 lb. All Wool Blankets    3.50
7 lb. All Wool Silver Groy lilnnkotn   sjtf.OO
7 lb. Tan Hudson Bay Hlaukots'    7,00
Window Shades, 30 x 72, good quality    .00
Mon's Full Floocod Underwear, Pon
Anglo Brand 	
Ellis' Heavy All Wool Undorwcar,,..
Ilowsoim' and Slanfield's Underwear
SPECIAL—Minora' Ulnolc Overalls,.
10 Pairs Men's Heavy Tweed Funis..
20 Pairs of Men's Flno Winter Pants 2.50
m mini oi Alon'8 if'ino Winter I'untB
10 Only Muii'.,' Smla, Winter Weight
15 Only Men's Suits,' nice patterns,
Winter weight  • • 15.00
35 Only Men's Suitn, best tailoring.., 20,00
12 Oiily, Men's Suits, finest grado .. 25.00
GOING   OUT   OF   BUSINESS   ON   JANUARY   1st,   1913
Snlo for cash only.'  Nothing sent out on approval.
Your money rolumliitl if not, witisfaotory.
Storo opon ovory night from Saturday Doconihni' 14th to January lHt„ 11M .1
Attciifl tliis salo mm ynn will not Ik. disappointed.
All our Htore fixture., for sale
Extra salesmen wanted.   Apply at Btoro
Tho balanco of our stock of Drosn Goorln will go at prices cut in half.   Two large piles of remnants to chooHo from.   Some of them will bo uuro to Hiiit you.
Throo large tablos of MonX Boys', Chlldron1*. and Ladies Boots and Shoes at prices that will
astonish you. * Bo not miss those,
Do not forgot our entire stock is thrown in this salo.   Positively notlnng reserved; everything
must go under tlie hammer.
i "I* ;     "   , -      -,,4.
IK1 j
i      - -JO   A-   i--
<"     li   _.
■\.i   rt-
ii ;••
Beware of-
Sold on the
Merits of
Professional Hid-Wife
When - in" Spokane see' • Dr.: Mary
Swartz, Specialist in' Female Troubles.
" Expert .confinement , casesj"Jgood
home for patients. , >.
Di. Mary Swartz
Galena Blk., Room.5,i Post and River-
, „' side, Spokane, Wash.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
, attention
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
The Hotel
One of: the
C. J. ECKSTORM ,    Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
-    , .      E LA LOTTA Dl GLASSE
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
. Gents' Furnishings .
ti "     J
-   -■ - n4;ge R   j
Aarent    Fernie , Branch
Pella-tt    Ave.-    Kortt*
"I Can't Quit"
Is  the. cry. of  the   Drinking   Man—
Neal Treatment Is the Help he Needs
Ethical aid which takes away liquor
appetite—Given,at tho Neal Institute.
,y Mrs.   EDITH'BENT,  Manager.
Cranbrook, B.C.
Box 325. Phone 273
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable French regulator; never falls. These
■plllt are exceedingly powerful In regulating the
, generative portion of tlio female syitem. Refuso
nil'cheap imitations. Dr. da Vub'w are sold at
»5n box, nr three for $10. Mailed to nnv ndd/ess,
lb* Sootx.1. Drag Co., St. Catharines, Ont.
Maple Leaf
. ...Coleman, Alta.
Central location,, close to
,   Football grounds and
Tennis Court
When in Coleman give us
a call
Good assortment of candies
and fancy boxes
MonKs thnt tusto liko
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
Jot. Grafton, Proprietor.
Liquor Co.
Wholesales Doalor.. in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
..I I.
CP  *. •-> i- *- ,    t
nankhead  V. W.mnM.% ^m.Vl.pnfl, -Ml...
Beaver Croek.'..,,. I). Komp, Iloavor Creole, via Nnchpr
Uellovuo Jamos Uurlra, Ilox .10, ikdlevue Altn.
Wall-more  W, I., Kvan*. ninlrmoro, Alta.
Burmls   J. Dnrbyshlro. IturmU, AHn,
Carbonrtsl*  .T.  Mitrti*«, '-^l^.,:^, C. :.*_*_», Aiw*.
Canmoro .......... N. D, Tbachuk, Canmoro, Alta.
Colon, an. W. Graham, Colomnn, Altn,
Corbln  J. Jones, Corbln, D.C.
Chinook Mlnos ,.., J. Santonl, Chinook Mlnos, Altn.
Diamond City Albert Znk. Diamond City, Lothbridgo.
Fornlo Thos. Uphll 1. Pernio,. IJ. C.
Frank K.nn Morgan, Frank, Alta,
.Hosmer W. Balden tone. Ilnsmfr. Tl. n,
HUlcrost.....    GftorRfl  B amboroiigh, HUlcrost, Alt* h, Mooro.    1731, Sixth Avonuo, North Lothbridgo.
Lctbbri(._.o ColllerlM Frank Da rtnshstn.isoe,, via., Klpp, Alta.
Maplo Leaf  Robort Taylor, Maple Leaf, tloltovue. Alta.
Mlohol M- Itarrtll. Mlehol, B. a
Pushtu.  A. Zuskar. Passburir. Alta.
noyal Vlow Ooo, Jordan, Royal Colllorlos, Lotbbrldf*. Alta.
TMw A. Pattern n, Tabor, Alta.
Tabor,.... Wto Korsytb Tuber, Alta.
Non occorre . sfogliare nessun voca-
bola ria per.sapere cos'o la Qustione Social*. Basta guardarBl attorno: <_ noi
vedremo da una par. te che chi now
lavora, cloe 1 padro nl, godono tl bello
ed 11 buono, tutti 1 placerl della vita;
dall'altra una nioltitudlne costretta a
lavorare per un salrlo dl fame, coll*
anima flaccata sotto 11 peso della dis-
perazione. '
Da una parte banchierl o uomlnl
d'affari'carlchl dl denaro, padroni delle
fahbriche, delle ■minlere e di tutti 1
mezzl dl trasporto; dall'altra I nulla-
tenenti possessor! soltanto della..
scodella vuota,
Da una parte un' Morgan con iin red-
dito di 30 dollarl al mlnuto: un Carnegie con un reddito dl clr ca 700,000
lire al giorno: ed un povero. .Sarto ob-
bllgato a rtvevere una rendlta dl 120
milioni all'anno (senza tener cbn.o di
tutti gli altri innumerevoli introiti) e
costretto a rimanere prigioniero (?) in
un paJazzo di 11,000 stan ze senza
tener calcolo dei vasti glardinl, del 36
cortili e di, tutte le alt re comodita;
dall'altra i sen za casa, morenti di
Da una parte delle povere unadri
che vivon nello squallore e nel la miseria/clie non riescon in nessun modo
a nutrire i'loro piccini; dall'altra delle
dame che spendono migllia di dollari
per la sepoltura di un gagnolino.
Da 'una parte delle' giovinette che
consumario. adagio, adagio i loro >pol-
moni negli ergastoli industrial!; dall'altra delle sgualdrine dell'altra societa
che non contente di copvire i loro corpi
di oro e di gemme, coprono persino i
talloni delle loro scarpe di pietre'.lu-
ce'ntl di gran valore. ' .    ,
Da un parte si spendono milio ni
per cavalli, per automobili e per ban-
chetti; dall'altra dei vecchi "cadenti che
invocana la morte perche, dopo di aver
lavorato per'50 o 60 nni della loro vita,
si tro vano di fronte alio spettVo della
fame senza aiuto, respinti da tutti.
Da una parte-usi esercito immenso
di fanciulli che nelle fattorie,' fra la-
crime ed affarnni, devonno; compiere
quel lavoro che dovrebbe esser fatto
dai loro padri.. (forzatamente'disoccupati) ; dall'altra i figli del ricchi che
piere opera di krumiragglo In danno
di altri giovaiii lavoratori organizzati.
Da una parte, infine i arnefici, _ i
tirnni, i gaudenti, i grandi re dell'oro
(incurantl delle sprezentevoli crisi e
dell'alto costo della vita) che sembran
presi da pazzia per sprofondare nel lus-
so tutta quella immensa ricchezza la
basterebbe a mantenere nel\'agiatezza
l'intera popolazione; dall'al tra 1 povorl, gli sfruttati, gli schia vi che si
dibattono fra la miseria e la disoccupazione. . '    '   T    i
Siffatta e la questione sociale.
Ora esce spontanea la domanda: e
logico, o umano, e giustlficablle un
tale sistema?     I prlvile'glati' rispon-
dono si: 11 prolotariato rispondo NOo'.
■ E se'noi, massa lavoratrlce, iirella*
mo Inglusto, iniquo tin.tale ordlno di
cose; como no avverra la rlsoluzione
dl    tnlo   problema? — Coli'organlzza-
zione,   colla   solidarleta,   coll'unlone
compatla dl tutti i lavoratori In partito
dl  classe.     LOTTA DI CLASSE!—
Eccouna frase clio ripugna alia classe
del ricchi, o cho prooccupa buona .parte
dl .quel  lavoratori   clie  ancora  non
hanno omprosq II slgniflato dl quello
tro pnrolo: o cho hanno cojnproso 11
oontrnrlo dl,quello che roalmonte o!
Porcho peril, padroni, Kiudlcl e poll-
zln sl sono sforzatl a far caplro clio la
"Lotta dl ClaHso" « stnta crenta dal
sooJallBtl collo bcoiio dl prepararo sol-
lcvnzionl violent© o spargoro I) torroro
., fra gll amantl del qnloto vlvero,~
Pero' chi conosoo bono lo teoiio nmrx-
Isto Bn cho In "Lotta dl Classo" non e
Htnta cronla dnl soclnliHtl,    T soclallsti
I'hnnno sompllcomonto constatnta.
Vodlnino un po' In cho conslste la
"Lotta dl Clnsso.".
II coiitrnsto cho no nvvlono fra padroni o salarlntl ronsiRt.i quasi sompro
In quoHto; cho I lavoratori protondono
mlglorl tnittmnoiiitl; alt I Hiilnrl o pocho
oro dl Invoro; montro I padroni proforl*
enno ornrl Innglil, snlnrl hnssl o trot-
Innionto—spavnlilo, Calno,
l'rendlamo ad osompln una don nn dl
scrvlzlo. ISssa sl prosont a alia porta
dl tina slgnora o domnmla lavoro. Ln
slgnora rispondo nfformatlvamonto,
Ma prima dl mot tcrtil nl lavoro In
donna dl sorvlselo domanda alia sIk-
nora quail do vono ossoro lo su(* obbli-
gnzlonl, quanto oro dovo lavornro o
vuol sapcro ancho (l'iraportlnento) hi
pnifn r'hn dnxrrn pf*rr/«nlr«
Ta «lj,nnrn rlt.prmrt(» c\\c rtcvr ln
voraro circa 12 oro nl ftlorno o cho o
dlsposta a pngarlo un snlnrlo dl 50
soldi al Rlorno. Naturalmente la donaa
ni sorvlslb rispondo cho lo oro dl lavoro *ntin trotino* r»m (t i'ii«.|« ; •, ,t
po poco.—Kd o cosl cho fra la slgnora
o la donna dt sorvlzlo a'o lmpognatn
una lotta, cho o lottn dl Interessi; perche la slgnora lm tutto I'lntoroiso dl
PMrnr poco o far tavorar molto. I«a
servlento Invcco ha tuttto rintsrosni.
Dlcnsl do! nsrll. d»'l tn)iff.iifimt, «1*>l
ttsfdtorl, noncho dl lul«. le altro tale-.
gorio dl lavoratori.
VI o par©* un porkolo; un p^rlrolo
grosso; questo; cho slntanto che ta
rfoima 41 •mttfo, H utritori", 11 mlris-
ton*, ff nnrio, fl fn^gn_ini< tottoranto
Isolatamento dlfflcllmento potranno
ottcufirft ta vittoria,    Ocrorro la soUd
categoria;-ma fra tutti gli operai della
classe proletaria.      ;       '.. ,,",
E sintanto che i lavoratori non av-^
ranno la coscienza di classe. dovranno
assoggottarsi a subire umiliazioni ed
essere arruolati dai padroni'senza.fis-
sare preventivamente il salario che a
loro spetta; mentre il lavoratore' or-
ganizzato In partito di classe ottiene
facilmente che venga fissato il salario
che a loro spotta; mentre il lavoratore
organizzato in prtito di classe ottiene
facilmente che venga fissato il salarlo
,prima di assumere il lavoro ed un trat-
tamento umano.
Altro esemplo: Supponete che un
tessVtore' poco soldisfatto dei. 5, miser-
abili soldi che il padrone gli paga per
ogni jarda di tessuto, vada dal padrone
e reclarol au aumento di paga. Cosa
risponderebbe il padrone? Gli rispon-
derebbe con baldanza che se non gli
place se ne vadi. Ma se invece il
padrone si vede comparire davanti un
comltato dl 4 o 5 persone il quale comi-
tato rappresenti tutti I tessitori della
fabbrica, allora e probabile" che venga
a patti e acconsenti, se non in tutto, in
parte, ni desiderata del tessitori.
Ebbene: ai tessitori agglungiamo i
sarti, i falegnaml, j ferrovieri, gli scal-
pellini, gll spazzlnl, i lavoratori d'Ho-
tels; coloro che.fondono i metalli, chi
lavora nelleforeste, nelle cave, alle'
miniere; quel grande esercito che lavora la terra, per ricvarne' il nutri-
mento per tutti; tutti coloro che per-
corrono i mari per trasportare da un
paese all'altro le mercanzie necessarie,
ed aggiungiamo quella parte di intel-
Iettuali, lavoratori della mente,' che
spiegano la loro atlivita a profitto della intera collettivita, noi vedremo for-
mata una grande classo di persone,
costretta a lottare contro la clsse pad*
ronale per tutelage ed avvantaggiare il
piu' possibile i propri interessi mater-
iali "e morali.
Bcco la lotta di classe, ■ E se anche
vi sono persone che, insistono a negar-
la, a non volerla riconosce re essa "lotta di classe" esislera egualmente. E
noi socialist.''continueromo a" lottare
sino. .alia' completa . abolizione delle
iz kapitalistyczny porzadek zmierza
nieuchronnie ku socyalizacyi zrodel bo-
gactw, ziemi narzedzi pracy, motorov/ i
wszelkiej komunika'cyi—1 ze rzady i
jego organy fto jest zarzndy prpwincyj,
mis si j groin) przyjma nu slebie objw'
iazek czynne"go ddzorcy i regnlatora
podzialu bogactw p'omiedzy wszystkich.
Sa'ludzie, ktorzy zarzucaja, iz taka
zmiana wlasnosci oznaczalaby cofanie
sie do tego, co juz w barbarz'ynskich
'. Tymczacem, wiadomo jest, iz roz-
woj spoleczny, jak i kazdy rozwoj w
naturze, nie postepuje po prostej linii,
ale raczej zatacza! elipsy i spirale—a
bardzo czesto przychodzi do tego, albo
olisko tego punktu, skad. kiedys <vy-
ruszyl—tylko w innych. warunkach.
Tak samo moze bye i z wlasnoscit —
wiaea ona do postaci kolektywnoi, al-:
w zi pe-nie Innych okolicznosciach 1
_!.koY.a wlasno'ic stanowic bedzie poi.-
stawe produkowania zorganizowanego,,
a nie jak niegdys dzikiego spoleczen-
stwa i przytem posiadajacego olbrzy-
mie srodki techniczne i doswiadczenie.
W tych wlasnie nowych warunkach,
go'spodarka kolektywna da znakomite
rezultaty i zaoszcze dzi ludziom czasu
i wysilkow.
Powrot zatem do uspolecznienia zrodel produkowania nie bedzie cofaniem
sie do barbarzynskich czasow, ale pier-
wszym stopniem cywiiizacyi calego
spoleczenstw'a, a nie, jak to jest dzis,
cywiiizacyi i dobrobytu niekforych
tylko wartsw i to kosztem' krzywdy
drugich licniejszych,
(Continued on Page 10)
Inv<themse|ves such charges are deserving of little attention, save per:
haps as they may demonstrate the
workings of the ordinary anti-Socialist
mind.' While on one page the critic
may assure us that there is nothing to
fear from Socialism in the way of revolutionary change, in the very ,next
r.o'/umn perhaps may be tvad a diatribe
calling wildly upon all good citizens to
stamp out the red peril which threatens all our established institutions
with detsruction. Alongside this "don't
worry" school of bourgeois journalism
may be noted the' incoherent shrieking of such publications as the Common Cause and the Live Issue that not
only is capitalism in danger but religion itself; that the triumph of Socialism will depose the "Creator from
His Universe." So far as capitalism
is concerned, these journals are' correct. That is not only the purpose
of Socialism but the very reason for
its, existence, a task which It has no
clicks but to accomplish and cannot in
the very nature of things evade any
more , than the "live bird can avoid
breaking- the shell of the egg in which
it is enclosed when -the period of incu-
baition. is fulfilled.
There are just two classes of people who can seriously entertain this
charge of the growing conservatism of
Socialism; those who deny the Socialist philosophy and those who know nothing of it—and perhaps these two
classes are in the last analysis really
one. Socialism without revolution
is nothing, is, in fact, an unthinkable
conception—an ' abstration that can
only form in the brains of those who
know nothing of either Socialism or
revolution.—N. Y. Call.
quickly stops coughs, cure9 colds, end  heals
the throat and lungs.       ::       ::       25 cents.
When you can own
your own home?
We haye for sa e
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Co e-
man at a prices. We
can suit your income.
Ca  and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
■■■   y..-f     j.
.    •   -  - ...^
'-'■"    ■': SJf''.
- l-V
Zwiastunami rychlego zblizania sie
epoki socyalizmu * sa' nasta pujace
Zrozumienie przez, masy nadwartos-1
ci, ktora dowodzi, iz kapital powstajo
z niedoplacania robotnlkprn za ich
Zaostrzajnca sio z kazdym dniem
walka klas,'w minre, uswla damlania
sie pokrzywdzonych. ..
Postep techniczny *■ i koncentracya
technlczna produkcyi, a w nastepst-
wle koncentracya bogactw.
Przokonnnlo, iz prawo wlasnosci nie
Jest zadna swletoscin, jak np. wolnosc
osobista czlowiekn, al© zalezy glownlo
od rozwoju 1 postaci produkowania.
^ Juz dzis nikt prawa wlasnosci indy*
wldualnej, z nieodlaczonom dzledzlc-
zeniem, nlo uwaza za nlewzruszalno,
leznco w naturze rzeczy (jak twlerdzil
Thlors), ale za prosto nastopBtwo o'kon-
omlcznej budowy spoloczenstwa.
Przechodzilo ono postaclo w
roznych historycznych opoknch 1 roznl
bIo dzis Joszczo w roznych krajach.
Liulzio plomvotnl babrdzo dlugo nie
znali wlasnosci Indywldual noj, nio-
l.udy pastorsklo uwaznly powno ob-
szory za nalozaco do calych plomlon.
7, przojsclem do rolnlctwa, zlomla stala
slo, wlasnoscla gmlnnn, Jnk tego pozo-
staly slady w roznych krajach.
PoznleJ skutkiom »wyclostw Jodnogo
plomlenla nn druRlcm.--■Jednogo naro-
du nad druglom, wylonlla sto Indywld-
iialna wlOHnoso w postncl roznych dan-
in, obowlazkow I roboclzny pracujaey.
<'h nn roll, wzgledem wojownlkow  I
Ists are glad that they have b^
leased.. All Socia-i:^ at the sainu
time, realize that th'ey have .beoi. cruelly punished, and for no crime. Nearly ten months of their lives have been
stolen from them. During part of
last winter, all the summer and fall,
and part of the opening winter, they
have beep caged. There always confronted them the possibility of being
railroaded to the chair or being sent
I to prison with the brand of homicide
on them, or of being held still longer
and subjected to even greater ignominy. They go free, but suspect, for
they are of the working class,"
almost as much attention in Jtaly as
in this countr_',cfor on November 23,
four days before the verdict was rendered, a big sympathy demonstratidh
was held In Rome and Giovannitti was
given a boost for a seat in the Italian
Parliament.:— Uterary Digest. "    „■
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund  ....
6,000,000      Capital Paid Up  ...S     6,460,000
6,460,000      Total Assets      72,000,000
R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlco-Prea.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and .Victoria, —  '
lr.te.es_ allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit,
(Continued fro-n Page 11 j
fmidalnoj v
Htalo   slo  poczntklom
inbly dissolve as tho party becomes
stronger and clearer, The fact that
Socialism could not only spurn with
contempt tho null Mooso decoy but
moro than doublo its voto in splto
of lt, is an ovldonco that might naturally com pol these critics to paufcc and
thlnkf-which It undoubtedly would,
wore thoy capablo of thinking.
Wo havo dwelt upon this particular
criticism, not so much lor tlio purpose
of Hcornfully refuting lt. as to give our
Socialist roadei'B somo .UHgcKtions as
to how those criticisms really como
Into being. It Is n short and summary mothod to attribute them all to
inonti.l dishonosty or blind Ignorance.
Thero is always somo Bupcr.lclnl up-
pcnnuico lo Justify thorn at tho start,
and this usualy conxtltutos all of reality tliey contain. And tho way to iIIb-
novor it Is to assume tho lioiu<sty of
the crltir nnd tiy to look ul these up-
|H'i_r..!ii'«__ through his r-yen, iih thoy
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
A savings account i nthe bank is.a reserve fund tliat may bo conveniently drawn upon in timo of distress, or whenever tlie opportunity
arises to Inko advantage of somo promising investment. Kstablish
your reserve fund with the Homo Hank. Full compound interest
paid on savings deposits of ono dollar and upwards.
snospl, Jak rownIcK Ikos-  n,UH'' ,)r,,,'!"* "> r,li,1(' ''•« »<'«-' hH'"'>
del noj wlntttscl,
. Branches and connections
throughout Canada
J. T. Macdonaid, Manager, Fornio,
Oil Jtowolucyl I'VanrusklcJ zaczyiin
slo parrclacya sdcml, poinlo tliey rolnl-
kow, koBztcm sslnchly I kloru—a nlo- jiostop toclinlen/y ponioRl da
wytworzonla obocnoj poslucl kapltal-
lzinu, ktory kladxlo swojo plot do ua
WBKystkloni I zo wsxyslkloKo cliiplo
N'nivszt'lo, knitltnllxm prsty pro duko-
wanlu stajG slo iioil WKKlndoin tor-link*-
lliiiltalloiiK of vision, apixmr to him.
And In moHt cmhi'k wn sluill by Hits mothod ho able to discern tlio why and
J v. liorHoro of IiIh criticism.
What thi> rrlil.'H of UiIh typo do!
I not sec, and do hut tako In to account,
j Ih thc economic clmiiKf that Ih con-
|t.!antl.v tukliiK plinc; the ever kionvIiik
'and wldciiliiK nIi-iikkIu between caiiltnl
'mul labor; th<> ioii.-tuiH K'oulli of tlm
liuctH mid tho pcrHlMtcnt cuticeii tint Ion
of wcnltli; the I n c i hh ni nu in ivi-liy nt
snym I tidniltilstrncyjnym, coraz hard-
zloj knloktyw nym—I skutkiom toRo I thn siruR«lo forn IIvIiik; Hu; int-rclli'ss
nlfMnn on Innogo punktu wyjsch, jak jtsploltatloii ilmt every >«Mtr isrows
tylko oddanio samycli srodol bogactw i ">ort- Mtrcniious d<>Hplto tlio attmupts
w koloktywiio wlndaiilo, I of iclotms ul inlilKfttlon; \\w liicrr.-is-
1 Iiik IiIiih of thn cotirlM townrn ("tplinl
Mul ut-iUnst lnbor;  iho plijnlcnl and
,• . r 11
Wyzej wspomnlnno prsnmiany nnd
staw wlasnosci nlo odbywaly sio w ink
bnrilsn Brlnlvtn t.npfnf1'Mi     n^^f,i ;
Istnlaly ono naj otoscI^I w mm*. 'in-.-
tact obok sio bio; rownlos I dsls, ro7.>n>
zasndy wlasnosci, iitnlojuco obok slo-
Xaprzyklnd w Rosyl: ohok wIiihiioh.'!
y.tcmfMttft trmlnnM ****%,• .y. ];-.\:t
wlasnosr indyivldualna, a Jednorzpimi.-
na storoka skalo Jost uprawlanym ki.i
Itallzm pnriHtwowy.
W kssdym rasl.. w.zwhlo oh.b«li, T|      |n , worlf| BnlllBll) ^mu«\
ho wyr«n« tcndonry.i do Mpolt-c/n...- ■ w|,„ a|| ,he e|MBenU ftf r,vollttIon hfl !
nta.tprtyniiJnihl.Jdiiiiulf.fnlrnhA.t  (>|h U^A Ju nmh|      1M01lI1(.,,, uni,
psnstwa-sl^ml, komunlkucyj « »«^i„.il.l*m«nlf«iiiii«n.ih^Ho»WI« mo-l
.tiiifiit, »s an iclMnrnt or fi<t<»r r.'t.i "
Cnffi! >-tf !»-« fttivi MrlV-l Tr**lmonl
no r.7.:.;__3 oa photos U3 without ntojtten coNacNT  _.:•.
mcntiil (»ffpr-f on ftw> i.,i,.« ,• , r n    ,       m      m-"-    '    '     ,„   •'■ •   J" «.-<>m..«.,«•... .u ...y _,H<>{n.ui» prnnatnrw imt«
,,.,. _.  .   ., ...        .,      i ■ inmiiKh Ei»t» liMli«/4ilonit E«»»i__e» «ml nimxl IM»"-ifi,  If vn« Ivi*,-m v .,f !'._• f J.
U'liitnc proensn;  tlw i-nidu-ii il.-M«-rt_nti ! m f>-m- -m        ..._._,j __.£.._.___ _,*._»...* .;,,> i„,i i._ivuu»iu» «eui(. <li*i«>n<
ifif   fh_-.   «l,nrf>hA*   In    ..,ina,„iii„.w.. ■    I., i fl»tlfc»ll.i (.!.«..■/, M* l'U* l» for* \M fvn, W.tli iltirll «-.n I » lltuli t \W nl. w_m1< Unit,
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'miry con ruction with tlu< growth of Ho-
clallnni. aro In no *ciih> n rsus.' of
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Wbsnosc lnd> ulduslfu k«pl«iili«t>- ally maklnR for roni#n-atl-m. And so !
fjtns ma m sobt alminosf. l*k Mm.'i, u, sti^ w, must s* u-. *n__ all *im
jsk w« wlasflwym ««»!(. I mlH»f", ;an« deceived hy |Ii« rt-r>«-«lili>n of phrss-1,
mUla rseyo bytn wlssnosc w»iolns >B or u,f. apparotit lsi«k of ib*m. and '
tlnnl—wlsMftu fo/Sslna-1 Ja* t-< 1 \ art< mti.u. Ijr w rontsltHtlonsIly in-1
tfp nhiwnfi 1 pnirnn vr nted i!'H''l iAk.*U« of, look.nit bt-to* tho fmrfs.iT of i
priysiloscl~.wltsi.tMic kolsktywn*.      ! thlttits. p««i»l* wto only rwmnlf*. th# |
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bi^m .inilM*ki4fr*imtb*»ytu*in. i'm'tli-KiuaiUj auJ tiUu lub >ou ot %our tuny
Mruuii Uu.lu4«. Wt wiU «ur« you t* m ptr. •
RCADt-Ri TfifrMttArwhAhattr^itic-l few, ..rln.fori.rih n>*a «t>lu!on Fr«< *f CWm.
l)4Mkirr«'*~"11i*r^M»iiKati[ie/' (t:tu.'n_((vtl oi S-<r»l £_•*••. • ef klta.
Cor, Michigan Ave. ond GrUwold Sl, Detroit, Mich.
BS_____________P3toS3CllPItf%K!>      /--t l-tt_-r* fr. m Cirmh' t )*t a.Mr*M#__
Onre» klVllWb t.>r,t:r Can.vfwn l>rr<;fpot!.!tnc« Uc'urN
fc^*,l*' mtumnrnmaaa r-^.tirj V.'.tnlur, o.-.t. Jf yu cVure to
rce tit pcnoiMlly oil fill cur Uedlra! In*,tl.f.t& in !>r.Tr'.. -4 *n> **> nn>f tr: tt
bo w4>**Ai* tit «*-:t \.ir.(,-v)T triurri ffMc!i <\rc fer C ;._*;><:vl«nee ami
Lo:»,rj_tj.y (..r C.':>'»j_iu lr._si_.cta JMtt%* t'A Uturn as follows:
!>?._>. KENNEDY & KENNEDY, V/lnJtcr, Oat.
,S__Cw__._A _iliiC202P£3
»#•/   »   '«rf>HMM».« r_S3WRSSC£i=av__iiww_BMS
.      A   V . .      _ . -     _. ' mlilTiw|-l--1ii'fl I
\ c   . >    -
Electricity Applied
fo Cba/ Mining
By J,  T,  Jennings,  Chief  Electrical
' Engineer, Philadelphia and Reading
Coal and Iron Co., Pottsville, Penn.
The electrical application to coal-
, mining machinery is. not new. It has
been employed in a limited way for
nearly 25 years, principally for haul-
ago work, and it is only recently that
its value and possibilities are being
fully realized b.7 teal mining companies.
During the period when shallow beds
were being mined, low Ilrst cost of j
equipment furnished by steam boilers,
engines, nud cheap fuel with plenty of
good labor, outweighed any economic
consideration of the wasteful practices
The growing demand for scientific
efficiency and conservation, the increasing difficulties of underground
development caused by deeper mines,
the longer hauls demanding larger
' equipments, the increased cost of lower grades of fuol, and a growing
scarcity of good labor, are some of the
causes which are prompting the mining, companies to a higher'standard
of economics.
Electricity is gaining favor because
it offers greater possibilities in economy, a simple and flexible -power for
all classes of work,
The increasing demand for electric
.power at remote distances from the
power plant is revolutionizing the system of generation and distribution.
The simple direct current plant, good
only for,short distance work, is giving way to the alternating-current system which is more suitable for transmitting power long distances. Powerhouse units are continually increasing
in size and the general tendency is
toward central sta .ion practice. " The
future modern power-station units will*
consist of high-pressure steam turbines, condensing or non-condensing,
depending on the local water supply.
The steam turbine by its simplicity,
reliability, high .efficiency; low first
cost, minimum foundations, restricted'
building-space requirements and low
maintenance cost will supersede the
steam" engine entirely.
There is no question but that the colliery electric power supply in the future is going to 'be concentrated for
-.-dlJLses in a given, .errUory_jn_on___sys.
tem. A'single pow,er plant constructed to given economic generation of
power, substitutes for the steaip and
air systems an economical flexible arrangement of distributing, lines, capable of giving any desired voltago for
long- ditsance transmission. Such a
system can be spread over an area
covering,one or .seven collieries using
rotary converters or motor-generator
sets for supplying continuous current
of any voltage for haulages and special installations. . This plan will also
afford alternating current of any voltage for.stationery motor work.-
Electric locomotives are rapidly superseding all other systems of transportation in mining. They have fully
demonstrated their superiority in efficiency, low. cost of maintenance and
dependability. The latest improved
typo of locomotive is constructed on
open lines, having cast-steel bar open
frames, giving accessibility to brake
rigging and other internal parts. In
this machine, the electrical equipment
consists of interpole motors spring-
suspended throughout, of ample capacity-to withstand without damage the
heavy overloads imposed upon them.
Commutator troubles are" also reduced to a minimum.
Recent improvements in storage batteries will doubtless prove an advancement in the art of mine haulage in the
near future if the claims of storage-
battery manufacture can be substantiated. • Especially will this be true
for the service of gathering, a locomotive :. i xcessively high under the
Electrically1 operated - hoists have
made rapid advancement during recent years. An electric., motor possessing rotary motion -uniformly applied throughout the entire cycle, "high
torque characteristics, the power requirements, and losses limited to its
operating time, is an ideal method
for hoisting conditions compared with
the use of steam or air.
With" the recent introduction™"!!)?
alternating current system's, we find
the induction type of motor most generally used. The absence of commutators with their inherent troubles
favors the induction motor whenever
possible.   '       •   •
At present electric hoisting has been
confined almost entirely to slope work
ranging in powers up to 250 h.p.; however, indications point to a broadening of the application'to larger equip-'
ments. . ' .
 \       Pumping '
Anthracite mines as a rule are arranged to drain all water to one large
pump which comprises , the main
pumping plant. At this point large
quantities of water are handled by
compound-condensing    steam    pumps
supplied by- steam lines through bore
boles generally" located "adjacent to
boiler houses. ": The' steam operation-
compares , favorably with ' ^electric'
pumping. ,      y    ..''.,*
' Electrically operated pumps rare
mostly confined to remote piaces,^the
capacities ranging from the smair sinking pump "to large'machines of-1000
gal. working againsf'ia .400 feet head.-
Some companies have'gotten''fair,results'witlv motor-driven centrifugal
pumps; however, owing to the acidulous mature of most mine waters! motor-driven triplex cement-lined plunger .pump's have proved most'satisfactory. For fresh' water puinpiug sta-
tions'on the surface, tlie motor-driven
centrifugal,pump, is extensively used
and rules supreme. .   .   '
Until centrifugal pump' manufacturers .can produce a reliable pump that
wilj ■ resist the action of most mine
waters, we. cannot look for any great
developments- in the field' of 'heavy
Fans    s
The mine ventilating fan is one of
the most important machines around
any coal mine, as the lives and efficiency of the miners depend on- continuous air circulation. The general
practice of driving fans has been by
steam engines, because.experience has
proved their reliability and ease of
control. * _> ,
In recent years a number of fan
equipments haveBbeen changed from
steam to electric drive, and are giving
reliable service with good speed control, and costing less to operate. Por
operating fans, the shunt wound interpole continuous motor' with field
control or alternating'. current induction type variable-speed, motors are
mostly used connected by chain or
belt drives, although in, some cases
the motor's are connected direct to
the fan shaft. There seems to, be
a tendency to go to synchronous,motor
driven fans, thus receiving the benefits derived from synchronous motors
on the system; however, the importance of reliability should not be overlooked in adding complications. As
the electric motor proves its reliability
and wins the confidence of mining
men, there will be greater activity in
this line. ■
. Anthracite coal breakers by vlrture
of their complex system of operation
involve considerable losses through
cost of upkeep from rope or belt drives
when operated from one driving
souice. With an endeavor to miiii-
nize these losses and place the b-cs Iter drive on a more efficient basis,
someiof the companies operating dry
motor drives on each auxiliary machine. The continuous current motor
was first tried with only partial success, later installations adopting the
induction motor have proved more satisfactory.   The old method of prepar
ing coal in a breaker aivides the 'ma-,
chhiery. Into various group drives, necessitating starting, stopping, and running, the series" of machines. in ' one
group'simultaneously. .The Interruption of .any one machine stops the entire group: 7 ,     ■.    "    . -\ V
: The disadvantage of the" unit motor
drive,the various sizes required,
thus reducing, the possibility of duplication without sacrificing efficiency.
There is also, a resultant poor power
factor,, and _an accident to one of a
chain, of motors ." affects, the, entire
group. Furthermore'the combined efficiency of a series .of small motors is
lower than^ one large motor when- located ' convenient to the driven machines. .. For this reason,the future electrically driven breakers will doubtless
consist pf fewer, larger, more 'reliable, duplicat'e'motors located conveniently on'the various floors for group
drive, this will ,also "simplify and lessen the cost of' the network "of wiring
and its upkeep.
. The wiring for breaker work is installed either in .conduit or open mill
construction'depending on the "conditions to be met. ,.
Various other surface auxiliary machinery is benefiting from' the adoption
of the "electric drive. Motor driven
conveyor lines, breaker tipples, ash
tramways, . washeries, compressors,
storage yards, slush "dredgers, mining
machinery, rock drills, and shops, are,
examples showing, the wide adaptability of the electric drive.' Duo to the
greater flexibility, of alternating current for.,the varied service required
around a mining plant, and the advantages the induction motor possesses over the continuous-current motor,'
the future .will see the general adoption of the, alternating current system.
,   Telephones
Mine telephone installations have
grown from a few unimportant local
phones to systems of great proportions, having connected loads of 1000
telephones arranged for direct communication. The various operations
and offices of coal companies are gen:
ei-ally located- great distances'' apart,
and the telephone has become an important factor in. the daily routine
business of the concern. ' In no other
way can a manager have complete'control over scattered operations.--
The common practice today is to
establish a central switchboard exchange at the main office of the coal
company, from which spread'out'numerous trunk lines terminating _n local
exchanges at the various division of-'
fices/ A-division comprises several
collieries "and each colliery" has its
own private line tp- the division exchange.      The/ local   colliery   system
The iron-clad phone has -"become
standard for underground use, and the*
woodea-type phone tor > surface'use.
Bare copper wire is used for,\trdnk
lines, and insulated cbpper-dlad wire
for local connections.- Armored,cables
are standard for shaft and slope work
where they are subject to mechanical
injury, and circular loom-covered cables are generally used for underground
lines.   "'•._'_ '  y,   ,"   '  ■
The latestnmportant advance i~_p. the,
mining art is the1 development of the
electric cap and hand lamp .for underground workers. ~ For a. number.of
years such lamps did not come out of
the development state, due in part to
the indifference,and' lack of proper cooperation by manufacture producing a
reliable equipment that would survive
the , severe requirements incident to
mining. There,is now a number of
lamps which give promise of great improvement—Coal Age. •        7
quickly stops  coughs,  cures colds, and'hcnlf
the throat'and lungs. '     ::       ::       SS cent:
is subdivided to '.prevent overloading,
and the underground lines are normally separted from those on the surface, but arranged by switching de-,
; ices to connectvall together when required.
Stands Extremes of Heat aiid Cold
RUBEROID is used on houses and barns at points .
1,000 miles north of Edmonton, Alberta—and -the:
extreme cold has no effect on it. - '"   „
RUBEROID is used on buildings iii the West Indies,
South. America and the Orient,-r-where the\ther-..
mometer registers from, 90 to 100 degrees for months
—and the extreme heat has no effect on ity
Could you ask for a more satisfactory roofing for your  !
house and barn?   Write for samples and prices.
WHEREAS five years ago the word Zam-Buk
vas unknown in Canada, and Zam-Buk is to-day
admitted to be the finest cure for skin injuries,
AND WHEREAS it has been represented to
us that there are still some good Canadians, and
even some mothefa and heads of families who
have not yet tried this great balm, we hereby
offer a REWARD of one free trial box of
Zam-Buk to every person who has not yet tried
thb wonderful balm;.
PROVIDED they send by mail to tis this
proclamation together with one-cent stamp to
pay return postage of such box;      ■
"'. AND   FURTHER   PROVIDED   that   they
address such application to our offices  at
.Toronto.,' '-'.[} J'"-'y  --■■--■■■'•"*
.' Given under our hand this day.
+ '•
» ■,
An Investment Here will be Sure to  Make  Money for You
«¥ m
See Our Plan of Moose Jaw
Wo have a plan of tho City of Mooso Jaw allowing railroads in Moobo Jaw,
Btroot our linos, location of difforont properties In Mooso Jaw, Mooso Jaw
lllvor, Crooks ami HavinoB.    This map may bo depended upon ub absolutely-
Highland Park
In calling your attention to tho location of Highland Park, our Moobo Jaw
proporty, wn would call your Hjvoclnl nttentlon to tho fact thnt Highland Park
Ib directly weBt of tho proBont business contro, nnd nB thoro aro no crooks or
ravines wost of Main Stroot, tho most doBlrnhlo and mont vnlunhlo property
In Mooso Jaw has boon north of Manitoba Htreot and bouth of tho ravlno that
Ih Just north of the Imposition Grounds—and tho growth nnd dovolopmont
havo boon went of Main Stroot. Undoubtedly tho reason of UiIh Ib tho fact
thnt tho ravlno that runs across lho northern pnrt of the town aud tho eastern
portion mnkoB it Impractical, to say tho loast, for tho city to go ovor tills ravlno either to tho north or to tho cast, and on tho othor hnnd tho city to tho
wo»t Ib high, dry, lovol prairio without crook or ravines or other Impediments.
Highland Park will ho a ill root continuation ot tho finest streets In Mooso
Jaw, It Is only a question or a short tlmo until lots In Highland Park will bo
In demand for building sltoB, nnd as tho now /exposition Site Is wost of High'
lnnd Park, tho Btroot car lino ou Cariboo will bo extended out past
our proiierty, this will moan thnt thoso lots that you can buy now nt prices
of $1(50 ond $200 each will bring from $500 up.
Our Guarantee
All Lots High, Dry and Level
Wo Kiinrnntw nil lots In Itlchlnnd Pnrk to 1w> hlnh, drv nnd Wol nnd sultnhln
lor umiumg *miout iuiuIiiik or filling in, Thero isn't n low or wot spot in
(his <.ntJr<- i>iot»it)', ..iphlrtiiil Park in nil that tho name Implies, and tho
(mention or locntlon of lots In Illghlnnd Park Is moroly a'matter or lndlvldunl
opinion.   Home pit'tn .( > < . ui inner Intn 011 another
street, etc.    If you nro Investing for profits, ono locntlon In Highland1 Park
Is us good us another,.
NOTK.— Present prices are subject to advance without notice. For big
profits, buy NOW nt present prices nnd buy to tho limit.
A Few Facts About Moose Jaw
Elevoti lines of railroad in operation and undor construction.
Building permits for April, May and Juno, 3 months of 1912, total
ovor Two Million Sovon Hundred Thousand Dollars. AT If million
moro than all of Inst yoar.
3,500 people in 1902; 25,000 people in 1912. i-
Tho C. P. It. Monthly Pay Roll alono is ovor $250,000.
Water system now boing installed at cost of $550,CK : estimated to
supply city of 1 '5,000 people. , .
Canada's tlirw railroads, C. P. B,, C. N..R. and GK T. i\ aro spending ,
."■ "0,000,000 on railroad construction this far,
Inside Lots $150.  Corner Lots
$200 each
Those prices nro subject to advance without notico.
NOTM.Piirchasors oK five or moro lots aro entitled to a spocial dis-
4.ou__t of 5 por (.ont. '
,   140 TO 121 FEET DEEP
Lois in Highland Park nro Hold on ono of tho following throo plans t
1.   Cnsh in full with order, with discount of 0 pcr.Wh from list
'£.   ton monuiiy payinoniN, Ju per cent, witli (Wf-ior and oitiunco iu
u.-n. i..|Uul UU-U.-l.Jf   puj IlluUtl).
X.   One-third of purchuM. prioe with ordiv, and balance in equal
I'tiyiuontN, one due in Bix months, other in twelve months from dnto of
Nn interest on Deferred Payments.
.'mi i.i'm-is ui jiHtv .ur \w runvjii year.
Wo furnish TorrensTitlo without extra charge, promptly on completion of payments,
Truly a Very Great City
A city with a record llko this Js truly n groat city. Ton yours ngo Mooso
Jaw had 1,500 people, now It'has ovor 20,000. It Is mett'opolltan In ovory
son so of tho word—a young giant proud o_ its strength and confident o( Its
•Moobo Jaw's aBSOBBmontB in J010 woro $13,l._8,402;Mn'1011, $27,770,403, an
incroaso oi ?14,!.'l. ^,001 in 12 months, or over 100 por cont incroaso.
Mooso Jaw's building pormIts'tor Juno, 1911, were 700 por cent ovor those ot
,)uno, 1910—tho largest rnto of Increase of any city in tho Dominion undor natural conditions.
During 1910, $140,000 wero spent ln creosote block paving, and about $170,000
w>ro expended during Kill. Mooso Jaw Ls uluo inhtailing ni| Incinerator at
a cost of $45,000, nlso a modern sowerngo system whloh, whon completed, will
bo ono of tho most up-to-date In Canada.
Tho total oxpondlturo for wator extensions and soworago disposal during
1011 will amount to about $175,000. Tho total Improvements for 1011 on all
dopartmcntB will aggregate a million dollars.
Tho city owns and controls Its own electric light plant,
Tbo first electric street railway systom in Saskatchewan was oporatod In
Mooso .Taw,
An efficient tolophono sorvlco In oporatod by tho Saskatchewan, governmont.
All tolophono lliioa aro laid underground In tho pavod aroa and In tho Innos In
unpavod area,
A stroot lighting systom of iron standards, with flvo oloctrlc globes to a
standard, has beon Installed on tho main thoroughfares, at an Initial cost of
Tho tax rnto for 1011 wiib 12.4 mills—low flguroa lliat should IntoroBt pros-
pootlvo locators,
Tho elty Is umiBuaJly rich ln Hchools, churches, banks, hospitals, and has
block after block of pretentious residences—rosldoncos that would bo a orodlt
to a city of many times Its bIsso, ,
And It will be a Greater City
That Mooso Jaw Is a gront city nnd that Mooso Jaw hns bnromo n feroat city
without a boom, and with practically ono rnllrond, tho 0, P. Tl„ nnd wfth Its
resources only partly developed, U absolute assurance thnt Moobo Jaw with
tho G. T, P. and O. N. R. with their various lines now building Into Mooso
juVi, uum fiifh uuu.«.i/ii_ii iliiCB UiiH ftiu i/o bunt 4U.u Aiounv JtiW, BllU Willi
thr> r^nnurrofl of tho country hMrif flwo.r.i.ort, v/Uh tho tributary tcrrllorv
Doing developed, and with Mooso Jaw as tho undisputed Uallrnnd Centro,'Distributing Point, Commercial Centre, Wholesale and Manufacturing Contro,
Mooie Jaw min. nnd %\nt\y will grow by leaps and bounds, and- will In tho
ronr»o of n vory fow yearn hocomo a olty with, a population of over 50,000
pooplo. This will mean that thoao that buy well selected Moobo Jaw property
now at. present prlron, will mnkft birr profit, for It. Ik n wIMmrvwn fnrt thnt io
a city doublet! In population, ronl estate values treble. Highland Park Is nn
opportunity extraordinary—a chance for you to mako an Investment that will
mako big money for you. i
Real Estate
M. A. K AST NER, Fernie, B. C.
Fire Insurance
Life Insurance


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