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The District Ledger 1911-10-21

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,;;•*'The1:Official Organ of District.No' 18* U. M. W. ot'A.
« ,-J.; - ■
/ /^->   y4'!
"    '•V'   ' .  ,'■
Political, Unity is Victory
.Vol. V.,;  No. 9.
$1.00 A YEAR
.;. '       ■;..... ,Ottawa, Ont. Oct. 19,1911.-
A A. J. Carter; Fernie, B. C.:" .-,
.    I am directed by,the Minister of Labor to inform
, you that the Hon. Robt. Rogers, Minister of the In-
,' 'tenor, will probably be in Lethbridge oh Wednes-
;'   day, Oct: 25th on matters connected with Interior
, Department:   Minister of, Labor has^;thought you -
y may desire to take advantage of Mr Rogers' presence at Lethbridge to place before him on behalf ,~
of Employees .present situation, of dispute between
Western Coal Operators', and former^ employees. -
The.Minister of Labor-feels assured, I am to add,
.  that in* the event of your.doing so, the Hon. Mr.',
.Rogers will be pleased to?do what may be possible
to assist in promoting a settlement in the long-stand >''
ing dispute.    ,    r -    ' •,,
, \ F.' A. ACLAND, Deputy Minister of Labor. .
'. -';;;.';- y" -°-"y-'- .   pernie; B.,C, Oct. 20,1911. "
F. A, Acland, Esq,, Department of Labor, Ottawa:
7 7 AcKhowledging yours of the 19th' inst:, on behalf"'
.'; -of bisti'-18i',JJi M. W. ot A.,1 would say that we would «,
7'be ple^ed'to'confer with the Hon! Robt.; Rogers,
and comply withyour suggestion re presentation of '
. present,situation; ,' *f*.\-   '"'•—";/ ,', , ., s :7, \
7^}'*-:,^ ji'y     :y  -^7 ArJ: CARTERV
h C. S. Banquet Was a
Winner from Start
to Finish
tested in the ;,
77   Outcome
'Glrl toC'Court' aha.a'Home to
\ Take' Her {To
,On Monday last one hundred and six
covers were laid at the Napanee Hotel for the benefit, of the students of
the' International'* forres'pondencp
Schools; their wives,.wives to-be, and
friends, as a fitting celebration of the
20tti , anniversary' of an institution
v/1 ose reputation is new world-wide
After a sumptlous repast,, the excellence of. which speaks volumes for
tt.«> culinary .department'of mine bos'.s
Whelan, a short address outlining the
history, of the Correspondence Schools
was';delivered by- the chairman, Mr.
J," W. Bennett,>when tables .were clear-
and dancing indulged in to the sweet
strains of music provided by the Ramsay Orchestra, which was so well appreciated that an extension of an hour
beyond .the usual .time,was requested
nntl graciously conceded:---,.' . •  ..    '
■Mr. George C. Egg,'.-the localrepre^
se'ntatlve.'is entitled to,"and was the
recipient' of many congratulatory re-,
"marks on'tHe-'success which was large-
ly "due' to his energ&tLc7.!e£fo£ts7and,
 ,-v.,  .   .-„- ^f ~  • ''■^ :i -' *M ,' ~* -;
,There -was" solne,, plain', speaking at
'  Tlie nominations for different offices
' for .-next year's .election, which' tako
place tho second Tuesday in December,
are aB follows: "■*■'■:'' ''"".' .   '' ■•"' -,'
' PRESIDENT.—W.,  B.   Powell,", Cole-
man, present Incumbent,
i   J. E. 8mlth, Fernie, *?
contest hence elected by acolama-'
Von '   ,.  : '■
..Carter. 'The like,honor has been
." bestowed upon the present holder
of this office..-'
Owing to tlio retirement of'Chns
Gnrnor of LothbridKO, ns Intornatloual
Hoard  Member, it Is expootcd that
thero will bo a very strongly contostod
fight to fill'the vacancy.   Tlio aspirants are as follows:                         ,
Robt. Evans, Frank, Alta.
W, Graham, Colomnn,
T. J. Harries, Mlchol
D. McNftb, Lothbrldgo	
D. Rees, Fernio.      '
J. A. Tupper, Tfosmer.
Sub-District No. 1.:
J. W. Gray, Fornlo (eloctod).
Sub-Dlstrlot No, 2:
Three contestants—W, Csrrulhen,
Frnnlt;   E.  Christie,  Hollovuo;   D,
E. Hyslop, Colomnn,
Sub-District Ne. 3:
Two contestants:
L, Moors, Lethbridge|
E, Brown, Tnbor
Sub-District No. 4;
W. Ltes, Ilnnkhend, who wns returned without opposition,
If anyone'enjoyed themselves at the
other banquets as,'they did In" Fernie,
October - 16th should be. a' red letter
day in the hlstory^of the'Intefnatlonal
Correspondence Schools. ;
Tho Drew Brothers, who wero tried
the: opening of the' Church Congress'at
Stoke-6n:Trent -when' the  Bishop,-of
London and" tlie," BlBhop7 'of - Carlisle
set'-overypne talking.;-;-The.echoes' of
what* they • said." wiU'.ldng .reverberate,
and It Is possible, that1 history, may
date from,the Church Congress of 1911,
the opening of a new and richly fruit;
fu.1 period ln the work of the Anglican
Church." .-Caste in,the Church "was the
subject of tholr discourses/   We 'are
accustomed to the cry- that'- "clericalism ls the enemy" 'from those ,who
nvow/:liostlllty to all Churches;' yet
the Bishop of Carlisle ln his sermon
UBOd "almost these very words. '   Hie'
argument was thnt tlio.Church of England had. through tho "boundless pretensions of foolish and narrow men'in-,
curred, a" ropugndnco almost amount-
lng to odium"; nnd that she could only
overcomo UiIb by "coming forth from
her sepulchre," abolishing "the caste
of occleslastlclBm/*   nnd   substituting"
for tho old priestcraft tho now Ideal of
priesthood.    "Who Is tho true priest?
Not tho man through whom others
hnvo access; lu other words, ovory
Christian might bo n priest."   Clerical-
inm was a canker, iho bishop thundered, nnd ln many countries it was being
ruthlossly olearod away.     Tho process was pnlnful, but It was also both
Inevitable   ,nnd     nocossury.       The
Church's worst enemies were among
men who honostly and staunchly be-,
llovod themselves   to   ho   Its   truest
frlonds,    Those mon regarded It as a
fixed system, not as a growing society,
Their oyos woro always on the pant,
Instead of tho future,    Thoy
'   Treated the Church as a Corpse
omhnlmlng It In  costly' spleos, for
Homo of thorn woro rich,    They seemed1 to Hvo In conslnnt dread loBt It
should throw off Itn grnvo'clothos nnd
rise ngntn to guide nnd bless tho world.
Tho TIIbIioi' of London was in it mood
equally critical,    Ho had been trying
In discover why the democracy, the
mnsfl of organl«wl working people,
wero so llttlo Influenced either by tho
Church of Rnulnnd or by any othor
religious body.  ;rHo thought this was
duo tt$ three main reasons:     First,
tho churches took too llttlo hoed of
to like the poor, so long as they kept
lri their proper places'?     /'Read our
,'class'newspapers and..hear our class
conversations over, the tea table or
after' dinner"; a subtle caste feeling exists as a barrier between us and tbe loll
Ing' millions.     Unless wo realize that
the young workman ls as proud and
sensitive as, our .own young brother,
wlio hns'come home from the university or from Sandhurst, unless we realise that ho does not want charity or
pity 'or being preached at any more
than tho.other, that ho wants to stand
on his own feot and look tho whole
world'in'tho faco, and havo a man'8
llfo with somo leisure In It and-time
to road ..and think, and an honorable
opportunity to court his girl and a
home to tako her to, and that nothing
else that wo can give him will do" Instead, nothing else Is treating him nH
n man-—not till we realize that; and
show him wo realize It, hnvo wo given
him sympathy.".    Tho bishop's-third
reason for tho gulf botweon tho maBBes
and the   church wob thnt tho lattor
had  concerned  Itself far  too  much
with quarrels over quostloiiB of ritual
and doctrlno, which struck outsiders
as potty nnd trivial.    Until thoy put
theso aside with their clnHs prejudices
nnd ceaRed to treat working people
kindly—on tho.doorstep—n gulf would
remain,     nut ho believed a chnngo
was coming.    "May this congress help
to turn tho tide."—News of fho World.
tho   «<1«tnlAT>nt«    Hr.p\*r*    fpr
1?\*     n     1. ft.,-,.
ueforo judge 1*. K, Wilson on Monday, fupon enrih, which wnn «it th* bftttnm
tJjfli-ftv! it idh breaking into tho Coal
Creek Club and stealing beer, were
each sentenced to one years' Imprisonment.   t ' !
Tuesday morning thoy woro osoorled
iU> N\-i,a<>u ii j iauitin .lotinstcm, where
thoy will bo Inearoeratod until thoy
havo served tho term.
Oh you TJntchelor Girls 1 At Drucos'
Hall on Thanksgiving, at 9 p.m. (and
until you're nil In) thtt young spinsters of Fernie have decided to give
n ball, nnd wbnt will make tftlu function of greater, interest ■, Is the fact
that It Is — An Invitation dance! Gee,
boyst Get your best tons pressed,
And Jusl brush'up your knowledge of
"How fo A<w*pt an InTlUUefl."" Dont
ForjM! Yonnff MrfMn uniter sfifMrt
are not eligible, and will have to bo
escorted back should they put tn an
appearance*. At least that Is what
one of tho promoter* tolls us,
of tho Labor movomnnt.     fioolallsm
wftB Inspired by n boautlful dronm,
the dream of a living wago, nnd leisure, co-operation Instoad of cut-throat
cnmpMlMnn Indnnenden^o t\r\lt votthn
workhouse in old ago.    Furthermore,
In this country the Labor movement
wan doflnltoly religious.     To provo
this tho Bishop quoted from tho religious utterances of several Lnbor M.
P.Vh-Mr. Thomas (Derby), Mr, Albert
Otanley, Mr, Clynes, Mr. Farkcr, nnd
Mr. George Lansbury, who Is now a
member of the House   of   toymen.
Those men were religions men, and the
Ideas which animated them were definitely Christian.     Why. then, had
the chnrch ao llttlo Influence with
them?  . This bteught Ihe Bishop to
hfo accouil r<ijtiu>u, wblcb waa that th*
Church of KHgltnd waa still a class
Church.    Tbe   clergy  ve.ro   larffely
drawn from oa* cist*. *» wer* tbe lay
people.    With leisure (bey were apt
Fernie Citizen Relieved
of His Little Bit of
Fiiihy Lucre
On Tuesday'night Mr. Verhaost, of
tho dairy firm of SnndorB and Ver-
'u,iv*;, w* l,\-.ui up h Miori lUMimce
from tho C. P. R. railroad bridge by
throe masked men, who rolloved him
of tho small amount of $2,00 which ho
had. No (race of thoso mon has
been secured because no report was
given to th« nnthorirtoi unfll s<w«raf
days after tho occurrence.
7 There were some? 800 to 1,000 seriously, wounded men when I was at
Storo after, the so-called battle or
skirmish of Bezzecca. A large church
had been cleared of its seats and converted into the chief hospital, the
wounded being laid out as close as
possible on the straw which had been
strewn for their accommodation. There
were no proper sanitary arrangements
whatever.' ' The, force-was also very
short indeed of doctors, and a/young
Russian man of science who was with
us "as correspondent, Kovalevsky by
name, who has .since achieved a great
reputation, offered his services. "I
have never practised dressing on the
living,'! ,he said,'* "but under the '.circumstances I may be useful. Will you
come and help'me?". It was not at
ail' the sort,of job' I liked, 'especially
as typhoid fever was,rife among the
injured, and I have a perfect horror of
blood and broken bones'. But it was
necessary' I' should put pressure on
myself at such'a.tlme, so I accompanied Kovalevsky., on-his mission.  ,
I never felt so ill In all my life as
when I got inside" and saw what was
going on. I thought ever since'that
only" the very, highest causes.,'could,
justify any nation or government in,
running such risks of the mutilation
and torture of human beings. The'
place .was literally , like, a charnel-
house; the" lack of doctors and the de:'
fici-ency ■'ofc appliances occasioning
scenes of ihorrpr. which recalled, .as
Henty" said; J,he .mostltenlbleleveuts'
of the Crimean War,- ';    V "- .; ,
.; Ever since, .when .1 have heard or
read '.about/ Splendid -feats of-heroism-
iri' \irarf are,; as '-during" the Ru"ssp-Turk-
Ish.'the Franco-German, and the Russo-"
that church'of • scattered h ii man1 creatures ,at; Storo, with}-typhoid fever'
standing grlmly<by to, reap its'harvest
of death from those.who were recovering from their .injuries, .and I have felt
what a preposterous state of civilization Is that In ivhicli Intelligent human
beings can find.no better way of settling their differences than that which'
I had witnessed,
■ (Ed,—Tho above is an extract from
a book-of ^stories written ,by PI. M.
Hyndman, editor of "Justice," London.
The antipathy to war with nil Us degrading effects is growing rapidly in
all tho civilized (!) countries, altho'
of course with varying Intensity, being, more pronounced where conscription prevails.' In France, Austria; and
Italy many men havo preferred' to go
to gaol'In preference to serving with
tho cblprs.'' The opposition displayed
by both Frenchmen and Germans to
tho Moroccan cmbrogllo wns.no small
factor In nvcrtlnr? hostilities recently.
The Joint .dotorminntlqn of Norwegian
and Swedish-workingmen at tho partition of these two countries to allow
Ihose who wished to do tho fighting
to go-It nlono, oxplalnd why thoy bo-
came Independent states without blood
There nro many with n callousness
that Is cruel, born of ignoranco, who
advance ub an argument In favor of
war that there nro too many pooplo on
tho earth, therefore only blood-letting
will relievo tho congestion, totally ob-
llvlous to tho fact that It Ih not bo-
cniiBe of nny dearth of the neooesarlca
of life but solely attrlbutnblo to tho
administration of affairs that Is the
cntiso of want nnd mlRory, honeo  aro
ns Illogical In tholr recommendation
ns it would be to ndvlso aa a cure for
sulcldo cutting off n man'n hrahi J nut
nt tho back of tho tu'clt.    True, this
Is very effective, but In so doing tho
Individual^ tlRCfiilncf-H   Ib   destroyed,
and the adoption of drastic mothods
must hnvo Its ronotlon,   If war stimulates Industry for a brief spell, Die
reactionary effects created by borrowing money from the fnturo nro Indeed
disastrous, ns iho hixtory of all past |
strugglon provos coiHluslvely to nny;
who take tho trouble to Investigate, j
Tho physlcn! horrors of war, no mnt- j
tcr how graphically doHcrlbed by n j
Hyndman  or reproduced  on canvas
with such vivid wnllty by n Verosts-
iiiiftfciu, uioutfrt limy nmy appeal (o the \
r('.'j''.'jj<.;jl i! a /tn ii.*,' t,<ji m potent|
as the burden* im|MH<-d upon the poo-,
pie a* on aftermath of a conflict, burdens thnt compel n recognition of tho
stupidity of tholr Imposition by thoso
No Further Development
as yet Concerning,
'     The Strike
Although there "has been considerable expectation' as to some development during the' current week regarding a, settlement of the existing cpn-
trovrsy iri this district, so far nothing
definite has-materialized.' Members
of the .Western Coal Operators' Association held a priVate meeting at the
Rocky, Mountain , Sanatorium, Blairmore on Wednesday' and following
days," but so far nothing has leaked
out" as to result of their deliberations,
hence itwould be superfluous to make
any conjectures' at this time.
The. Lethbridge Herald, in its issue
of the 13th says: '   "
."Another.matter avhich. will be given
serious -consideration is the term for
which a nejy.agreement will be signed.
The mlners,haye been holding out for
a five 'year agreement."
,",This  is psoitiyely inaccurate,    be-
considered,1 in fact; • a shorter  ' term
than two years has been strongly advocated- by,,no inconsiderable number of.
mineworkers. - .',,-<"'• • •   •
.   Many people outside of thoso engaged id the coal mining Industry have
expressed" themselves ns desirous of
seeing agreements made for a longer
term, because]they. would be benefitted
by the ^freedom from possible disturbance" ln business circles.   ',"   \   ,
These self same Individuals, how".
ever, would not'' guarantee to sell certain commodities at the'same price as
obtains today for so'long a period, and,
In fact, anyone proposing such notion
would meet with but scant consideration.
Such being the case, It ls equally illogical to expect' that mineworkers
also solllng'thelr only commodity with
tho coBt, of living constantly soaring
higher, would wolcomo a fixed price
for five yonra, as the purchasing value
of lliolr monoy wnges must of necessity fall inversely to the cost of living.
, Fernie, 13. C.
II 1. mo -aprlle del sorronte anno
tutti i' mlnatorl posti sotta- ln giurls-
dizione'dof Dlstretto IS, del Mlnatorl
Unlti-d'Amerlca, dcclsero dl smettero
di lavorare , in seguito al rlfut'o oppos-
to dalle compagnie' carbonifore alW
loro raglonevoli damande. La lotta o
in pieno vlgore. Ci sono state pochls-
sirae defezioni nelle nostre file o sol-'
tanto in qualcunno del campi piu pic-
coli. La condotta degli uomini e stnta
talmente esemplare'da rendere afiatto
inutile l'opcra degll sbirrl, ayvocatl,
dottori e beccamorti. • Costoro' potre-
bbero essere benisslino collocati nella
classe'del dlsoccupatl,'cosi scase sono
le opportunita'offerte al loro servizi.
Questa magnlflca prova dl solidarl-
eta operaia dlventa piu luminosa se si
pensl che questi scio peranti apparten-
gono alle nazlonalita piu diverse: pro-
vengono dall'Inghilterra; ,;dalla Scozia,
dal Vales, dalla Francla settentrionale;
dal grandi bacinl carboniferi del Belgio
dall' Italia, dalla Westfalia, dalla 13oe-
mia;" cisono degll'Slavi, degli Ung-
heresl, del Rutenl, degli Svedesi, del'
Montenegrin!, del' PolacchI, del Fin-
landesl e persiilo del'Cinesi.
Recentemeute yenne tenuto a Calgary," Alberta, un.Congresso del Lavoro
e del Mestleri,' nel quale venne fatta
la racebmandazione dl porre dna so-
pratassa dl died "soldi sopra ciascun
membro. allo.-scopodl cbprlre le spese
dl lotta per'.Krzuz Compensation Case,
per affermare cioo ll'dlrittoche ha la
famiglia d'ogni, lavoratore.'-sia ,o.non
sla residents nella Columbia Britanni-
ca,-:dl ricevere7$li)00; di indennizzo in
casodi morte suMavoro di'colul che
10 - guadagna.i-'>-ilo- vitto.      II-   cas
verra.,portato, davantl - allaJ1Cpxte_SMnju
rema dell'Impero'Britannlco.che dara
11 responso probabilmente nel omarzo
1912- ,;- - .,"'■:' : v ,.-../ . '_' ;
"...Colorq-cho leggono 11^'Lavoratore".
sono pregati dl mettere In'guardla-, i
loro- parentl' ed-* amlci rlmnstl ' nel
vecchl paesl contro le mene delle so-
cleta d'emlgra^Ione e dl trasporto che
cercano, pel loro interessi, d'ingannaro
le fnmiglle delle vlttlme tacendo loro
ad arte 11 fatto' die, tutti coloro che si
trovanb fuori della < Columbia Briton-
niea, slano ess,I ln America od In Eu-
r'opa', non hanno per. ora nlente.,da
aspettnrsl dnlla leglslnzlone.
Rlngrazlnndovl dell' ospltnlita' nell'
Intoresso del Mlnatorl del Dlstretto 18
ed nsslcurandovl d'essero sempro dls-
posto a contrnccamblarvi la cortesin,
sono sinccrnmento vostro.—.T, W. Bennett, redattoro del "District Ijcdgcr."
Here is a Chance for
. Rising Early in the °
;  Morning
1   One of our regular subscribers, who
Is somewhat of a sun worshipper,, and   ■ ■
consequently gets up before the break,
of day in order to study astronomy,',
informs us that on Tuesday last while
going over the foothills of Mount Fer-
nie-j at 4 a.m.', and looking north by
east, he observed a comet, the tall
extending downwards at an angle of
about 70 degrees, and from this position'inclines him to believe that It will
shortly disappear from view.     He advises any who desire to see this noc-   "-
turnal- visitor that-he should go down
to West Fernie at- least two hours before sunrise, this being in his" estimate
the proper.time to" observe' it as it is, ~
moving towards.the sun downwards..
The comet, referred to ,is . probably    v
the Brooks' comet, which will doubt- '
less  be  more  brilliant  later, fn ' the
month as it should be plainly visible  ■
iii a darkened sky. '   About the 22rid. j
it will probablv bo v'a'tle-low In Ue'. ...
iw'rlh west after u.irk r.nd in the norm' *■
east*- bef owdawnT"    7**7
7 -7.,        '.; BELGES ..   -. '-'    -',
A powerful ally of the union men
who nre out on Htrlko on tho Illinois
Central Is spreading consternation among theslrlkebreakerH. At tho Burnside
at. shoptf, Chicago, It is scarlet fever
nnd nt Waterloo, Iowa, diphtheria,
Tho residents of the latter town aro
very Indignant as they claim tho dl-
fionse was brought by imported strikebreakers from Now York. Physicians are Imposing "closed shop" restrictions by declaring a quarantine,
Miscreants were Secured
After a Little
I have no doslro to becomo sentimental or pathetic, but I cannot suppress tiio thought' that our economic
itiBlitin'ons, in mniiv Inctaiicos, have
tho effect of wiping out all tho uural
effeciB of civilization, turn our hD-rts
Into stone and mako   us   bnrbnrous
Neither tho savages of Afrlcn, nor
those ot Australia'mako tholr children
work for the support of life.    To find
(ho Institution of child lnbor one must
go to Christian countries, whoro the
people honst of tholr wenllh, culture
and refinement.     For . "Studios    In
HlBtorlrnl and Political Science," pub-
llBhod by .TobiiB, Ilopkln's University,
Wllllnm Franklin Wllloughby, associated,  I Ix'll'U'p,  for a  flnif  with  tlio
United Slates labor bureau, wrote n
series or nrtloloB tindor tho genornl
tltlo of "Stnte Activities tn Ilolntlon
to Labor In tho Uniod fltntcs." Tn ono
of those articles ho says thnt the number of children working In tho cotton
mlllH of Alabama, Georgia nnd South
Carolina   Is   intimated to be about
twenty thousand.
Mnny of them work for ton cents a
dny, and he knew of babies who earned flvo or six (.'cnlB, The hourH m<«
either from six o'clock In tho morning
lo six o'clock In tho evening, or from
six o'clock in the evening until a\x
o'clock In (he morning. In Aliilmmn
ho found a child of sevon ywtrs who
hnd worked forty nights in succession,
nnd a nlnc-ycar-old child who hnd done
night work for eleven nioutlm.     In
.11 y a une question d'lmportance que
Je ddslrerals porter a la connnlssance ,
des affllees de l'U. M. W. A. do langue
francaise., Rdcemment le congres du
Travail et' des Metiers du Canada,' un
corps semblable et affIli<S..a la Federation Americainc du .Travail s'ost'reunl"
a Calgary.
Parml.les divers sujots-a J'ordre du
Jour- so trouvnlt celul du pnlement
d'une compensation aux parents do
ceux qui sont tue"s dnns les mines ot
qui resident en dehors de la province
on in fatnllto* a en Ilou a lelii.
Pulsquo les juges do . In Colomblo
Anglalso ont decldfS quo 1'lntcntlon de
In lol (Stalt do payer cette compensation sculement a ceux don't les ddpen-
dants deroeurnlent dans lti province au
moment do la mort de leur gogne-paln
I- y u environ 10 ens dont les dependants n'ont,encore toucho aucuno com-
pcsntlon ot par consequerit  sont en "
siispens attendant la decision du Con-
sell  Secret do  la Ornndo  Brotngno.
Mais ces cas ne lul scront preaentdB
qu'nii mols do Mar's, 1012.    Los mem-
broB do YIT. M. W. A. et ceux do la
Fdddrntlon, do Mlneurs    de    1'OucHt
(W. F. of M.) foiirnlBRcnt 1'nrgent ne-
cesHnlro pour pnycr Icb avocats qiil ont
chnrgo do l'affalro.     On a en outro
I'asHiirance d'un pcu d'nlde financier
de In part de chanuo membro du Dorn-
Inloln TrndoH ond Lnbor Congress, uno
resolution flxnnt uno taxo do 10 nous
par membro nynnt ete adoptee.   Cod
founilrult uno ohboz forte sommo.
OoneratlonA of chlldivn woro offored
as sacrifice upon tho Hhrlne of manufacturing progress. Tho onl Ire edifice of modern culture nnd refinement Is built upon tho bones of murdered children, and this In Iriio whore-
ever modern Inilu.stry Iuih tiiiincd it
pin co.
England introduced iho syntoin nnd
net the price. Oilier nntlnnH had to
follow (»r hiicciunb, Tlm I"lill«d iSliil-
cii wllh all ItK natural ailvmiiiiKOH nnd
roHoiircOH, wllh 11k freedom of con-
ilniri nnd Hh ontln* nhseneo of nny
nu'illcvnl fuftiM'tt,   |ilun:u3il   hoi'iiUong
Run Play
Into tho fnij', nnd todny Ih enn<r«lng
j South Carolina ho mot a fIve-yonrold | [•'»» "'« U{i]o n-vlrtor "' ,h0 f,*bt
■*  " * '^'. ^     t „*..,-.*       i.i+tfu.       i,!.,!!'  i »»**    «-omi«OiCi(t|   D*i4|il4:llJ«4('>«
Tiirw    tj*. i'H-i w..'.j *:..■;.-.■<„ h'.»;,.h m"° ,r ^-^ iU *-'■•' >'"
nlgbt work who wer,. unnblo to ^j| "towns will. tlirlmluronopiJlatloin Sro«-
: their ngo, but from tholr »ww*r«n^ I ™* ,,<,l0'»« more nnd mom .*rr!M» In
nm (.no
offer for solnllon
. i ii
lo ntnlenmcn
At tho usual weekly drawing of the
IsIs Theatre Inst night tho fortunate
recipient of Iho sot or furs wm Mr.
Ilnnrh, This locnl family resort It
showlnjr * splendid etnas of films nnd
Herman Whan   .rt   Tho..   JVc!» |      ,        ' i ,„„ h»H«.n«. of tho problem which
Wb^ifctBMi^^^                                                    Mnnyoflhoitl^    "     "
nnd given quarters In the city J»H ! „,„.,..,. , ' .., _,.....
*'"**'Vtu*m. M"""f "" l"n*UZni******i** machlneryXudeafl 1      Not only tb.il. but In spit* of Iho
and relieving him of a ronsldomMo |c|lB ,oJ(, h|m fJm( ^ ^ wnt  ,()rrible «»m|.ln of Orent HrKnln. the
sum of monoy. which ho had earne. , ch ^p,,^,, ln ,j„. mm>  same sacrifice of children Is demanded
"lA^L-     T Y\U ".I    '»«« «' ronwimpilon Woro they refld, |»nd the new ,M,llo industry of the
which hnd been taken from blm at the ' '
point of the gun, ho succeeded In esrap
age of 17.   The same physician 1 South «»"-iel<» for lu Mlnolnur ban-
llv*,l  tn  a  msnufurtiirlnr town >»» ^r" "" ,,,', ""' «""«n mill* of
..All those Interested tn tbe "roartn*
game" aro requested to *1v* (heir i*»roes In at as eatly a date n> pos/dbM
so that thero may be no time Io»t
In making prorations for tbo different rinks. F. C. Uw« will sire any
lefonsatlon that the "stnne shooters"
desire to know.
-      -        - lMMd»IWfMh*boMltrt«j.7ho, ta h,
jlho appredallon of this fact fs plainly Cmban 'phoned for Constable f.or-M(i|i ^ fhPrt< ,)4, )(;„, „,„.
Uldfrn^bviholnrrM-lMnl^ nnwn  tmm  nmP  iUn   u
<<*«»»"■ in«hox ™     A"*f * »"."**'? in bundrH children as the re,ul« of ac
wWrBW.w«rewlW.lHrt*ltoaf«r*. <hM^
| mentioned individuals wer* arreted.; w|fhfl(jr fhtimbs  ^   ^^   ^
\TU9"ll^r'h^** ,,i,>.pr°*r"'«nwra, *ome.nei> without hand* Tbe ' f'Nneel|ftr ot the Knl«ht« of PjiMaa
te.l»y   <>Vfdsy)    W««   Wft*mt.rr  mm u „wm f„^, from r#lfmm{.,or (hla prn,tm<,, nho U on -n ottirM
iM«el*iM*o Alevauifer. ^Mjtr fm, nrfM^tp „y <.ontra(:t ,ajjj, j tour .!» ««|*cle«l to r**ch Fernie the
, Ijinrnnhlie.- -Austin l#«U, " Tho Hl»e
of the Amerlmn PrnMnrlnn "
'Chan. IUwltnton, of Nanaimo, (irand
Msmbtrt ef District 18,
please ntt*—The tlticul bat-
fiit for ffi<i fqrtficomfitu tttc-
tion ef thf effiesra for tht an.
suing year It shown M Papa
81* (S).
,   i .   i i .parents or avArdhnc.   And the nntlnn 'coming week.     All ntemlx-rH nt the
' TIjc Turkey shf»ot will hv» hold nt the ■ doc* nol blush for shame, ad we wml ! order Are re>iu»-*tH to make dti«» note
.i**R* lime atd rlae« An %h+ r*ar* at [nUxltnxtUt to tl«e t-ealfcen to leaeh iOf this and b» In altendance nett
, !th« northetid. lo which Ifo»mer hss  !fc*m Chrf»tl*Rlty!--P'feillp Rappaport \ Tuesday nfebt at the Castlo Hall. Vlc-
lihutn Invited.
on *-Tfc* r»mny."
Uitl.i Avc-jni.-, rT™rrTrr
■'- -\
T'T-.cv-    **0ii.;^i7
ti.V  .
?** -■>'■
'* rT(1 y f'*4 1 /"f'TT '  Poverty-Stricken'Citl-
1 The Traeredv of War cr- ^' i
By T. P. O'Connor, M.P., in Reynolds'
Newspaper '
In my last article I gave a description of what a war was like In its grim,
sordid and horrible .realities. Let me
now attempt to describe what an army
is—again in its realities,'and not- in
the romantic and mendacious ideas of
it which are transmitted to the world
. equally by the successful general and
the recruiting sergeant.
Looked at as a, defender of a country's liberty and existence, what can
be a nobler idea than an army? . An
army of defence, and especially of
patriotic defence, who will dare to use
of It wordB but those of eulogy? But
It ls not as an army of defence that
we must regard most of the armies of
the world. They are mighty instruments in ;tbe hands of statesmen and
also of peoples—especially in their moments of excitement—for the purpose
of gaining advantage, mainly imaginary, or of resenting wrongs .mostly
imaginary, too. And of what do the
armies, mainly consist? With us, the
army Is taken In tbe main either from
the upper or the.poorer classes; the
middle class gives little to It. And
one can understand why. For a career
In the army offers little, Inducement
to most people. The officer gets poor
pay-and slow promotion; and if I am
to believe the soldiers in the house of
commons—and I,have no reason to
doubt what , they-say—the lot of the
-. officer, /with .1,he stereotyping of, the
pay and the increase In the cost of
living, Is harder every day.   Take the
- position of the man, Is there any hu-<-
man being who had an interest in another human being—especially the interest' of a parent in a child—who
.would put his son as a private soldier
in the army? Who would expose his
child to the hard discipline, to the alternating drudgery and 'idleness, and
to all the vast temptations which beset the soldier—especially the celibate
soldier—in the garrison town? I believe that popular terror of a son enlisting which was the dominating sentiment of my neighbors in my native
town-still represents the mental attitude of the majority of steady citizens
Jn the entire community.
An Army of the Poor
But let the composition of the army
from.that point of view be left there
for the moment, and let us consider
It constats mainly of the poor of all
the countries of the world. It consists mainly ot peasants and artisans;
in a country like Russia, more of peasants than of artisans. And that being
so, let us ask ourselves what is the
Inner soul of the majority of these
peasants and working men transformed Into soldiers? What is the lot of
the poor in every country of the world?
To work dally for dally wage; to be
engaged most of tho years of their
lives ,In keeping the wolf of hunger
from' the door, inside which are sheltered themselves and their wives and
children; to contlnuo the effort almost
to the dying day, and often, and In the
case of most of them, to find themselves at certain epochs of their existence, beaten by tbo ever-present
enemy, and looking blankly at the
walls of their rooms or cottages and at
tholr hungry .families when thoy return homo, wearied and sick at heart
nftor the vain quest for work,
During the weeks of this tropical
summer I have seen some of the tra-
gedloB of unemployment through tho
enlightening and humanizing glasses
of personal experience, Thoro waB
scarcely a newspaper I could take up
in which I did not find a record of
Natural and ArtlfloUf Aids InvestlasUd
by Speolallsts
You've often noticed how ravenously
healthy children clamor for their meals
and how easily thoy digest monls that
would glvo a good many of us "grownups" a horrlblo attack of indigestion.
Now you continue to get occasional at*
tacks of indlacstlon without trying to
locato tho real oauho of tho trouble,
In tho caso of healthy, romping child-
ren, through tho fresh air and tho cooso.
less activity, rain or shine, tho salivary
proeoBBos aro constantly excited to ft high
activity, They haven't any greater
diRostive capacity than we have, but
nnturo properly prepares tho food for
easy digestion. That's tho wny Nnturo
Intends It to be done, nnd if wo lived
right wo would crave and enjoy our food
just as much a* any child.
For years you perhaps havo been
treating indigcMion tho wrong way.
Stomach BpcciuliKl* havo found out
that tho trouble Is not nlways in the
stomach itnclf, but in tho improper saliva*
tion and preparation of tho food (or
digestion.   '1 hoy now treat indigestion
tiy DfuUUUlf.g |iiOjA-f coiiiitii«;u» iruv.v
fnnil Ti'nrhi'' the jx-r".™! nf dlpcM'ion, put,
tho way Nyal's Digoidlvo Tonie acts,
It works on tho pr<p.uaiory ealivatory
pwtas, excite* its activity, to that food
digests naturally—not artificially.
This not only gives you comfort instead
nf naln. Imt. rives \OM«liat is far better,
m natural appetite lor lucid tiiat you
digest and aaaimilate. That's what
rebuilds the tissues auid puts real flesu
oo your bones.
If you try this remedy we know you
will he pleased. Nyal Remedies we sincerely believe to be tlie best medicine
Takes offered. 17
For Sale In Pernio and Guaranteed by
N. E. 6U00ABV
some poor soul1 who, returning to such
a home after the wearying tramping
of the streets in' the quest of work
and overcome by the additional horror
given to such a quest by the stifling
atmosphere, found no escape from the
hideous prison of poverty and life but
self-inflicted death. And then I went
back in memory to the first summer I
ever spent in' London. It was-a summer very like that of this year; It was
stifling hot, and I had just come from
a country where we never knew such
extremes of climate. I -.had just a few
pounds in my pocket; and before me
the prospects of either employment or
starvation! JHow, as I read these rec
ords of these fallen brothers of mine,
I recalled also how I walked the
streets of London under,the terrible,
heat In that awful and hopeless quest
for work, looking at. the big letters In
which newspapers announced their existence, hut with every door of them
closed to the penniless stranger that
had come within the mighty portals of
London,. and only asked a chance of
work to save him from hunger. And
then the return to the miserable little
room, and the sinking down on the
sordid bed and relief In profound sleep
from the fatigue and the oppression,
and the cheated hopes and vanishing
chances. And what was my experience but the experience of millions of
mankind In every country and In every
race of the'world. And now let me
add this little point to this retrospect
of my own days of travail, that at that
very moment hundreds of thousands of
.German and French peasants and arti-
sons were mowing each other down on
bloody battlefields, for the year of my
arrival in London was the year of the
war between France and Germany.
, Marching to Death
I remember then that I applied a
test to these soldiers which even today, more than forty years afterwards,
seems to me the true test to, apply tb
an army. In the consideration of humanity, as «of other, phenomena, it is
always well to descend from the general to 7 the particular. You do not
realize an army and its components
and temper if/you think of it merely
as a mass of human beings,, all alike,
with common emotions and, temperaments. You must get down to the
individual soldier, and then-try to real-
ize what he Is. Aud thus,it was that
when I read of a gallant charge of spl-
TflenTTEfiT"1tRPvalley of dtjatKT^T
thought of the Individual soul of each
of them; arid what, then, did I realize?
There,were plenty among those gallant fellows marching to death who
were husbands and fathers—especially
on the German side. 'Do you' suppose
that Inside the bosoms of those poor
fellows—In their hearf* of hearts—,
there were not visions of wlfo and
little ones left at home, and that high
above the din of battle, there did not
reach their Inner ear the wall of the
wife, the cry of the children? ' But
they had to go, dealing death and getting death from other . poor working
men and peasants, in whose hearts,
too, there was more thought of wife
and child and home and the struggle
for existence tban tho desire to kill, or,
perhapB, even tho terror of being
This to men Is one of the moat
tragic things ln war—that it is mainly
conducted by poor men, who have no
animosity In their hearts except the
natural and'Instinctive uprising of th*
brutal Instinct for self-preservation,
and the resolve to kill rather than be
killed, Between tlieso two armies thus
composed thero Is far moro of com
mon emotions, common interests, common Bufferings, than thoro Is difference,, Tho struggles of countries nnd
of armloB Is largely, a < class question;
the class ot ono country who exploit
It using the poor of tholr country to
fight tho exploiters of tho othor country, at the expense ot tho llfo and lirnb
of tho workers nnd tho poor, A true
conception of tho world, ln my opinion,
sees n natural fraternity between tho
poor of all countries, nnd a natural
union of antagonism to tho exploiting
classes of their own country and tho
country of tho so-called enemy.
Antl-Mllltary Sympathies
And this Is tho final judgment on
war to which wo ought to try and
bring the working clauses of nil countries, nnmaly, thnt tho workers of ono
nntlon are fur more nlllod to the workers of other nations thnn thoy nro divided hy tho so-cnllod conflict of material or other Interests, I confesii to
n certnln sympathy with those men In
Franco nnd Germany who nro male-
lm: war against war, nnd on these
lines, namely, tlio solldurlty of the
poor ol all countries. Regard noma of
nur went wars from tlil« nolnt of
view, nnd how tranicolly Ironical the
whole Iron game of war will rovonl
Itself. Take, for Instance, the war
between Itusblnn and Japan. In both
cases tho million* of soldiers were tak-
*n for tho most part from the poverty-
stricken home—In mont roses from tho
field ami tho .plough. Consider tho
Japanese soldier. Ho enmo from a
little farm or n little shop, or from
tho streets of big cttlos, where, with
tho labor of a beast of burden, ho earned the few pence neceasary to xlve a
little handful of rice and now and then
a bit wf |xx>t-diuft (tub le hluiiwlf iuul
his family. Ho Is a pathetic figure,
tbat llttlo Japanese soldier, with his
smiling face, his good humor, his small
wants, his fterce struggle for existence.
Hut Is he one whit more pathetic than
LliU Utith. kmic-frjuimd atolld aud (till-
♦rate Russian peasant whom ho Is killing or who Is trying to kill blm?
In all the books I have read ■ about
Russia, and,I read every book about
RusBla I can lay hold of) in every
Russian work,of fiction as of reality,
the figure that always absorbs my
attention is" the peasant. With all his
illiteracy, his simplicity, narrowness of
vision, his. weakness, even his vices,
he Is a touching and winning figure.
In the works of Stepniak you will find
pictures of the, Russian peasant as,
after his wanderings for work in' different parts of his.big empire, he sees
again-the little cottage.in-which >he
was" born and where he has left his
wife and children behind, which It is
difficult to read without keen emotion.
And then transform this poor devil'to
Manchuria .and think of him dally
with this vision of his home and his
family haunting him, and Imagine him
finding no better work in this* world
than going out to slaughter! or to be
slaughtered. And to slaughter whom?
Another poor peasant like himself,
different in language, In color, even ln
race, and yet a brother far more than
an enemy in his hard lot, his oppression, his exploitation, and his intense
love of wife and child.   ' .   . '      fi
And see how this ghastly tragedy5 of
.war re-enters after the few days of
hours of truce. In the Franco-German
war you read of how German soldiers
settled for the moment in a French
town, used to spend their days in nursing the babies of their French foes.
In our own South African' .war you
read of moments when the soldiers on
both sides exchanged tobacco and little
luxuries and "friendly conversation with
each other. But the bugle calls • the
regiments fall into line, the ghastly
machine of war ls once more put together,, and lo! these people, who a
few "moments before had nothing but
friendly feelings' to each other, are
tearing each others limbs, disembowl-
ing each other, sending each other to
early death in agony. Was ever there
a contrast so-ghastly ,so gigantically
absurd? '
Rich Deposits Slaked in
:"Far: North by Former 7
.Fernie Citizen   ;
VANCOUVER; B. C. — James Mc-
Bvoy, of Toronto, formerly of the Dominion geological survey, and later chief
engineer of the Crow's Nest. Pass Coal
Company,' Is here from the coal locations of the'Western Development
Company, with headquarters, at -the
western branch of the Skeena River.
130 miles north oMIazleton. He directed extensive development "• work
there the past season. The locations
were made, in 1903 by McEvoy, who,
with Montreal and Toronto capitalists
is Interested In tho proposition, which
he regards as having > great possibilities.  ,   . ' 7-
There are a number .of,, Beams of
workable smokeless coal, carrying
from 81., to 83 per cent fixed carbon,
and well adapted for domestic and
steaming purposes, which have been
opened up this year. The field is large
and coal will be available for centuries
according to McEvoy.
f "Samples show the coal runs .less
than 6 per'cent In ash. The coal measures have been traced'across the divide iii '7 the Stlnklne River valley,
where locations were made thls^sum-
mer by - other, parties. We own 16
claims en bloc."' said Mr. McEvoy.   7
Texas Raisers Organize With  Intent
to Share in Profits Made by
< , Packers'r
Twenty-four, quarrymen employed in
the slate mines of Moelwynn have arrived in eastern Canada and will make
a tour of the Dominion and the U. ,S.
for the'purpoBe of raising funds to
construct a tuberculosis hospital as a
memorial to King Edward.
" ■' > i -.,  ,,    , *    ., - . ,     - ■' ~ '
drtd the Boy Scouts
p"- r'
i >,>y
ATliANTA, Ga.~The International'
Brotherhood of Blacksmiths and .Help-
era has lined up with the United Mine
Workers of America In attacking the
National Civic Federation as an organization hostile to union labor. The delegates, in convention here passed the
following resolution:
Hitsi at Civic Federation
"Whereas, at Chicago, IlllnoIs,.in the
year 1901, there was formed an organization known aa the National Civic
Federation, and
"Whereas, tho object of this organization is to create harmony among tho
employer and employe; and
"WnereaB, An official of the American Federation, did receive $6,000 a
year whilo a member ot the National
Civic Federation; and    t
"Whereas, Thoro can bo no harmony
between the employer, and employe, as
the employo wantB more .wages- and
hotter conditions, and tho' employer
wants lower wages and longer hours,
"Whereas, Tho employer does not
spend money to bottor tlio conditions
of tho employe- and
Has Done Nothing
"Whereas, During tho ten years of
Its existence tho Civic Federation has
done nothing to hotter conditions of the
working clnBB; therefore bo It
"Rosolvod, That tho I, D. of D. and
II, In convention assembled, demand
that no member of bur organization
enn bo a member of tho National Civic
The following resolutions on tho boy
scoutn was ndoptod:
"Whereas, Tho employing clnsB of
this country control tho executive, log-
Inlntlvo nnd judicial dopiirtmontB of
tho government; and
"Whereas, Tho inonnrchs of tho In-
(liiBtrlnl world nro still cngor to- build
up another power (o Hiippress tho
working class of tho nation by launching tho Hoy Scouts; anil
"Whereas, tho original promoters of
tho movement-hope to cultivate the
killing Instinct In the youth of tho
country, that, thoy may not, hcsUnto to
shod human blood In tlie Interest of
eyploltallon; and
Would Create Bio Army
"Whereas, Their real object Is to
cronto n big army which enn Ito hurled
<• r .,   '   Off leers Elected
The convention', delegates   elected
the following officers:
J.W. Kline, of Chicago, president.' ■
C. N. Glover, of, Chicago, first vloe-
preBlden. '
W. .G. Powlesland, of Toronto, Canada, second vice-president.
Thomas Flannlgan, of New Orleans,
third vice president.
Roy Home, of St Louis, fourth vice
John Tobin,   of   Philadelphia, fifth
vlce-prealdent.    „ ;
' Richard Broreton,   of   New York,
sixth vice-president.
W. F. Kramer, of Chicago, recording
nnd financial secretary,
" SAN ANTONIO, Oct."l6.—Backed by
3,000. members of 7 the Texas- Cattle
Raisers' Association and 300,000. Texas
head of cattle and who annually market more than-l.OOtf.OOO* head, .Ed. C.
Lasater, president of that association,
has started a fight more equitably, to,
distribute the 300 per'cent profit which
it is alleged is now realized of the. producer, to" the time ,it reache sthe'consumer. • -, ,,",.»
; It is charged, by Lasater that' the
greater' portion of this enormous profit goes into the coffers of the packer.
While the packers are 'growing
richer and richer each year and
the consumer is paying more and
more for his beef, figures recently
compiled' show that, the' produc-,
ers of cattle- are receiving less for
their output, beef steers often selling
for less than the cost of production.
The movement launched by Lasater,
and which will be made nation wide,
seeks to know why the price of beef
goes up when the price of cattle goes
down.                          7 „
The determined fight Is the result of
a conference recently held at Fort
Worth;' called by President Laaater, of
the Texas Cattle Raisers' Association,
which was attended by representatives
from the Texas Farmer's Congress, tbe
Texas Farmers' Union and .delegates
from many commercial bodies.
; At the conference it was shown that
it cost $21.06 to raise a yearling steer
on tho ranch, and that by the time
the' steer was of age and in condition
for butchering the average cost is
$73.09. LaBater recently marketed 279
head and received an average of $19.21
less than the actual cost a head for
production. This condition means ruin
to cattle producers. Despite the fact
the.producer is not getting the cost of
production, the steer which costs the
packer $54.28 is sold to the consumer
ait close to $165 gross. Who gets this
300 per cent,-addition is what the producers as well as consumers are anxious to find out y/
To fight effectively the great packers with "vijflr^milllons of „dollars of
capital the Texas cattle'.producers and
tho consumers of beef have decided on
the organization of the Texas Cattle,
Raisers' Sales Directing Agency,- with
a capital stock of $8,000,000. The principal office will be In Fort .Worth, with
branch offices in St. Louis and Chicago. The purpose is 4to assist the
his cattle, hogs, sheep, and calves, and
to Instruct.him regarding the greater
markets. The.Texas; cattle- raisers
will subscribe $1,500,000 of the stock.
This amount wlllbe obtained by levying $i a head -on the cattle turned
oyer to the association.- The remahv
der'of.'the'$3,000,o6p will be subacrTbed
by,other.Interests. It wlll'work In the
same manner as' the Truck Growers'
Association of this Btate,   which 'has
saved- "millions ot,dollars' annually to
gardeners. .-; 7 y. ■   -   '■•:,■- -,,,-
The real reason.why-the great packers can easily"fix the price'of cattle
is due tothe financial grin on the producer. The prbducer.must go.to the
St. Louis,7Kansas City, .'or1? Chicago
banks, which are controlled by the
packers,'for the, money to tide them
oevr the fattening season. This money
is .lent' only - with a proviso that, he
muEt market bis,cattle on demand of
the;banker7whb advances the money.
Thus he has no choice-as to shipping
dates. The banks can force large numbers of cattle "on the market, and the
shipper must accept the price offered
during the slump which results.. It is
probable that the new association will'
finance these loans, thus ~ giving "the
producer some option, in the matter
of shipment and in a,manner regulating the demand'and the supply.
Lasater is one,of the largest cattle
producers in the world. ,He has the"
largest and finest registered dairy herd
in existence, this feature of hla business^ being capitalized at $1,000,000. In
addition he has thousands of head of
cattle which range "over his 250,000
acre .ranch In,south west Texas. ''■""•.
, In addition to forming the sales
agency, Texas producers will urge'the
attorney general of the United States
to become more active,In pushing the
case now pendinf against the 7 beef
trust , Discussing the fight, Lasater
said:     ',,. •■
"The cattlemen are' at the mercy .of
the packers In' marketing because'the
yii ckerVebntroi the stockyards; , If. 'be
Belling agency does not produce1 the'
results we anticipated, we will go into
the lacking business''ourselves., Plenty
off-anital can be aecured for thit purpose.3 Jhe price at which meat is now    -.
sold is,'.the same, at all the packing ..
houses, showing conclusively that a"
trust exists,' "' '' ~      '    * •; «■ -,
7To show .how packers get ahead of
the consumer, Lasater called attention -  -
to, the fact that,'; bacon   is' heavily
wrapped,in paper which, costs"3%,to   ,
4 cents a pound aid-for,which the,,re- ',
taller and consumer pays 24 to 25 cents -
because it is weighed as bacon, ' The
wrapper,of a^Blx pound.side of bacon.   -
averages seven ounces in \?elght This    .,
selling of paper swells--the. profits.of   .;
the pfekers.—CalgArv Dally Herald.   .,   '
.< ri
NEW YORK, Oct. ■ 16.—The 'city*of
Paris Is to "have 7a-new high-priced
newspaper. It will be called Le Journal International, and will be edited
by Theodore Stanton, an American,
although printed in French. Copies
are to be sold at ten cents each. The
object of the publication will be to
regard all. affairs, particularly those
of a political nature, from an International standpoint. ,. An international
advisory board, composed , of prominent'statesmen from the chief countries of the world, will meet once a
year to "consider the'policy of. the
paper.'7     ,   >. ■„
Imperial Bank of Canada
,      ..   y.                            HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO l','. \
Capital Authorized ....."•" $10,000,000' Capital Subscribed ..   "■ 6,000,000
Capital-Paid Up ......       5,944,278   Reserve  Fund      ,5,944,278
.,     D. R: WILKIE; President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, jGolden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelaon,
•    '    Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current, rate from date of deposit.
,   FERNIE BRANCH .    GEO. I.(B. BELL, Manager7
U   ' .' .   '.t -j.-'SV,'   J1'-  "!        -.  ' " v -
WArltt-—f- '   -,j-,.,J.
. are wasted when - it Is not of
t   first class quality. 'Knota and
•'.. kn,ot holes, "soft spots, etc.; "are
. of no use,, yet all have" to be
A—paid7for-jU8t7the same,  ■....y
, ,.,-w,i •■ rj .■   ,iv i-VV jf'* tl    ,'i.
,EVERY FOOT OF.      , .       .....   .-
OUR  LUMBER^- ..  -».  ..._.tf  .
,can be'used. ; We select it eo
• carefully that all.,"culla" are r£
7 moved, leaving only> first "class
serviceable \ stuff for- your use.
Practice real economy by buying your lumber, here.,
ofpior and yard, Mcpherson avl, opp. a n. depot, pirni*
A strange case was unfolded by the
Edinburgh Police recently of a series
of attempted frauds in Edinburgh by
a woman stylishly dressed, giving tho
name of Jesslo Renwlok, age 27,
, There were three charges. In two
she pretended to shipping agents that
sho was going to .travel with hor maid
from Glasgow to Montreal, and produced a cheque given on tho 13th
July last by Andrew Renwlck on the
Imperial Bnnk, Toronto, ln favor of
heroolt for £25 to pay for the pnssago
and a ticket to Dundee, receiving tho
balance In money,
It Ib nlno alleged thnt she produced
a choquo drawn In atmllnr terms in a
shop In Princes Streot and received a
fur-lined cont nnd the balance In
Sho was npprohedud ns sho wns proceeding to Lelth, where sho hnd booked n piiBHiige to NowcnBtlo.
The woman Is nlso alleged to havo
protended that tho Lord Provost of
Dundee and Mr. Renwlck Hnwlck, ox-
M.I\ for Northumberland, woro her uncles, Sho la said to bo wanted by tho
Liverpool police, and It Is stated that
while In Canada sho posed ns ono of
tho lenders of tho Suffragetto movement In thin country.
Summer Tourist Excursions to Eastnrn
upon the working class whenever thoy I TickviK on sale Oct. 17th, 18th, and
make an effort lo Improic their condi
tion of living; thoreforo.ibo It
"Resolved, Hy the delegates of tho
I, 1), of li, and 11., In convention no-
semblefl that we denounce this latest
conspiracy of capitalism nnd wo call
upon nil labor unions throughout thin
country to exert all their power and
Influence to keep tho youth of this
country from becoming profceulonal
man-killers In the Interest of the capitalist cUwu; aud, Im It, fiullMtr
"Resolved, That tho Incoming officials and executive board of the I. 11.
of II and If be Instructed to draft n elr-
enlsr letter to be wml to all local
unions of tbe brotherhood, roijuftllng
tUcui to do everything; la llwfr power
to stamp out the Hoy 8cout movement."
VMi. Going transit limits IS days
from (Into of salo,. Final return limit
No. I .It It, 1011,'with stop over prlvi-
Iwh in both directions.
Points in Ontario, S90.K0 to $09.70.
Points In Nova Scotln, $122,110 tb
$iao.or». Points In Now Brunswick,
$120 to $121.65. Points in New York
State $01.50 to $108.50. Other East-
cm point* at exceptionally low ratco.
For further Information apply to C. P.
U,. IbU ufrice.
Electric Restorer for Men
PhOSDhonol Mfiwtt ewryMfM le lh« body
.■■.'MTa>"uuuyJttn |tf nn>p«r tcniilMtTMtorM
vim tftl ntuutf. rrmtt«r*tiMiv»<ui»lt<«iitl|
«<iknu» atttttd at •net.   Pb*«pha>««l mill
*«' Jfflf » 1«» mnn.    fVff* •*» t-n" n. fw* f«*
<>..m. Catharine*. Ont,
For 3>li  at   QtsasdsH's  Drug  Btors
♦ ¥♦*
* "
Buyers' Guide
i  '                                  '                        .'   y *•         ■•            *        ■    i'
$ fiend   Your  Money  with   These
General Merchants
Trltes-Wood Co.
Crows Nest Trading Co.
Philip Csroeella
Weber's Store/ Ltd.
Your Bank Acct.
Bank of Commerce
Bsnk of Hamilton       -        ''
Home Bank
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy & Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.              )
-' -         ■          /i
"41" Market Co,
Calgary Cattle Co,
Billiards and Pool
VA Ingram, Club Cigar 8tore>
Fernie Dairy
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co.
P. Carosella.
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
. King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal Hotel,
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Colsman
Tioyal '"JU), Nikon
How to travel
Over the Great Northern
Over the C. P, R,
Second Hand Store
When you're dry
Muti Extra ;
Peal Estate
C, E, Lyons
M. A. Kastner
Joe Grafton
Livery & Cartage
George Barton
J. D. Quail
Trltes Wood
J. M. Agnew A Co* Elko,
" . Dr. Barber
Reis, MeDonsId and Lane
Eckstein A MeTaggart
Lawa & Flthsr
Sewing Machines
Wm. Barton
*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦ *♦•♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦
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THI DIST2I0T LlDaiS, J-BBMI^ B. C, OCTOBER 21, 1911.
PAGE   THREE     ,c/     v
nt ,
MoM^nious Decision at
Federation Gdn^ence s
c, , " '   -.' 7\;'   „    '-v.*.,'-. '".-,,;     ' -     ?';.';»' ■-7   .    ,->   .,-.-.   .
Held Recentip    y 7-.:
- There was a wise restraint about the
proceedings of the National' Miners'
Conference which opened at Southport
on Wednesday. Mr. Edwards, the pre-
sidert,' used the utmost discrimination
in his address., At ttie.-oulset the
president admitted that great stridor,
had been made during the last, fifty
yearB in the conditions under which
pitmen work, but he said that the pit
lads today have not found Paradise
by sny means. The, feeling of the
Conference was very evident when Mr
rEdwurds dealt with ttie wage question,
every word being'llBtened to with a
<juktness that betokened a most acute
Interest.- "We have,"" he declared,
"been dealing during the last few days
with a principle that was the origin
of,all Trade Unions, namely, the right
of a1 man to the wage he has worked
for. Methods and .systems of coalmining vary. Very largely it 1b carried through by contract, arid It has
redounded to the credit of both employers and workpeople that these contracts have,been carried through at
all. What we have been trying ' to
drive' at is that however these contracts may be fixed; they shall, at any
rate, yield the workman' a fair day's
, wages for a fair, day's work,. Call it
by what name you like, but at the end
of .the week the money must be in
the workman's.paybox. There, need
be no ambiguity about .this demand.
It- Id ono of*, the first planks of. the
Federation platform that men,'young
or old,"shall be guaranteed their day's
wage. I am averse to strikes, and
I do not believe the.,colliers "want to
Btrlke simply for the sake of striking.
We are not'anxious to precipitate, an
.open attack, with all its serious consequences, but I think the. Conference
• .will be justified. in. forcing, to the hilt
this question now raised that a weekly
.wage.commensurate with the work ,a
man. .does be ' assured.   ' The great
- mass'of ..miners'4'h'ave- never shirked
their 'obligations, and •■wlH'-'hotttthlrk
them to-day.!.' -   ,-'      7;       '• ,'\
- A resolution "was,, then, passed demanding such a-, change in the law as
would - prevent employers from evicting workers -from'-thelr houses during
the time of a dispute. , -Another resolution urged that every effort should
be put forth to secure legislation for
proper housing';.' accommodation '• for
the,working classes ofUhe country,
while "a^'th'lrd-referred0 to the need of,
getting the Workmen's Compensation
Act bo amended as to'compel employers to pay compesatton in all cases,
, until the injured workpeople had entirely recovered, or for everyday they
were unable to work through incapacity, and to take Immediate steps to com
pel employers, if possible, to reinstate
at work all men. and youths after re-
■ covering from Injuries.      ,7
During the day tho figures of the
ballot of tlie South Wales miners for
the three seats on the Executive of the
Mlnpr'e' Federation of Great Britain
were made known, anil much surprise was expressed at,the defeat of
the three old members, Messrs. W.
Braco, M.P., T. Richards, M.P,, and
A. Onions,, Tho .result,was as follows,
Elected: Vernon Hartshorn, 20,648; C,
B, Stanton,' 20,479;- Georgo Barker,
20,181. Non-elected: W. Brace, M.P.,
18,244; T. Richards, M.P., 12,087; J,
Wlnstono, 12,802; A, Onions, ,11,834;
T, J, Mardy Joriofl, 7,480; J, Manning,
8,002; H, Jenkins, 2,522; W. Hancbok,
2,848; P. Jones, 2,209. The other four
candidates received less than 2,000
votes each,    Thoro Is unlikely to bo
an changes - in the Federation Executive apart from South .WaleB.
• The morning session of. the Conference on Thursday was private, and the
subject discussed had reference to the
Northumberland minora being supported to the extent of a national stoppage
if necessary to secure better wages,
abolition of the "three-shift system,
and restoration of all short shifts.
Mr. Albert Stanley, M.P., Informed
the press representatives that the Conference had unanimously decided to
support the application regarding 'a
minimum wage.- He also stated * that
the Conference, had unanimously
agreed to Bupport the Northumberland
claim for the;, abolition of the three-
shift system Instituted since the passing of the 'Eight Hour Act. In addition, Mr. Stanley said, "The miners
of Bristol are now on strike seeking
an advance In wages equivalent to an
advance. secured in the neighboring
coalfield of Somerset That is an advance of Id. ,ln the shilling on the
wages earned. The conference decided to make a grant ofv £750 a week
to the 2,000 members of the Federation
at: present on strike in Bristol." ^
Questioned as to whether that meant
that the conference had decided to
support Northumberland to the extent
of a national stoppage, Mr. Stanley
replied, "I cannot tell you what it
The Miners' Federation, on Friday
decided to take Immediate steps to
secure a minimum wage In individual
districts. The masters are to be interviewed and refusal on their part
may mean a general' stoppage.—Reynolds'.   ■        '',„-"' 7.    7-
♦ «*► ♦ ♦;
♦ This.is to notify any mem-- ♦
♦ ber of,the U/M. W.of/A. ♦
♦ found guilty of making false" ♦
♦ , statements with a view to ob- ♦
♦ talning relief will be prosecut- ♦;
♦ ed and forfeit, all rights of ♦
♦ membership. ♦
But Tell Them,,the Whole Sickening
.   Truth About It '
.The' Commercial of Vancouver, has
just completedaan, advertising contest'and from the" following annoupce-
ment of, the "Review: will be seen that
.G,~B.^Hume_&7C-Q.,-Lhaveywoh the-
first prize for the best written advertisement" in, „the province," while
the; Mail-Herald gets a first for.,the
best composition of the said advertise-,
ment.   •'    - .,-,   . •.„.; * .-Vy'  7   .   ...
"After the most ■ careful and pain-
taking. consideration' of. the,/great
number of advertisements^ submitted
from every portion of. tho province of
British- Columbia,, JBe-y prizes ? have
been awarded'as follows:-/ , r>
'.'First7and,Second Prizes, amounting' to :$75.00, divided equally , 'between C.B. Hume and Co,, Reve'Btokfc,
B. C-'and Leea Limited,- New Woat-
minBter, B. C. 7     '"   "
"Third Prize, $10.00, Cowlchan Merchants, Llmited.DuncanB.B.C.
-'  "Fourth   Prize,.$25.00, offered for'
"Fourth Prize, $5.00, The Trltes
Wood Co., Limited, Fernie, B. C.
(This advertisement appeared in the
Ledger, and in connection with, same
Mr, A. J. Buckley, received a diploma
and cheque last week.)
"The Prize, $25.00, offered for tho
beat sot-up ad. was necessarily under
tho circumstances divided between tho
Dally Columbian of Now Westminster
and the Mall-Herald of Revelstoko—
$12.60. each.  '
"Reasons for the decision, together
with illustrations of the advertisements, will apponr In our next Ibsuo.
OhequoB havo boon mailed, the ^winning contestants.
"To win In such a contest Ib nn
honor. Wo extend our honrtloat congratulations to tho'winners."—Rovol-
stoko Mall-Herald.
Mado from grapa Oroam of Tmr»
tar j abmolutoly from from aium»
For   sixty years American  house*
wives have found Dn Price's Cream
Baking Powder a guarantee of light.
pure and wholesome food.
A reader of the Miners Magazine
in, Chicago, Bent the following clipping, taken from a late issue of a dally
, "After a weak opening today there
was a sharp rally in the stock market, and nearly every Issue was carried above yestefday's closing figures.
The rally continued during the greater
part of the day.
, "The strength was almost entirely
due to covering by shorts among the
professionals. The opinion^ was prevalent that prices even lower'than Mon
day's rock-bottom "marks-would soon
be recorded.
1 "Absence of support- by the big men
of Wall Street strengthened the suspicion that the financial interests were
not opposed to a financial election, ih
order to 'teach' the public a lesson.'
"The attitude of "Wall Street was.
best expressed by the head of'one of
the >. biggest Chicago and New York
brokerage houses, who telegraphed
from New York to his Chicago manager today as follows: •
. ".'I think the situation will be decidedly worse before it improves.
o" 'There's only one way to appeal to
many people In thiB country, and that
is not to their intellectual "faculties,
If-they haveiiny, but through their
stomachs. . -> .
,"'In other words, idle men, closed'
factories, absolute cessation of new
enterprises and the retirement from.
office of such unworthy, public servants as men of the Wlckersham
stripe are necessary before' any material Improvement is" possible.
" 'We may have to advance a few
points, on short covering, but bad conditions are here . and.", lower prices
ahead.'"      " ,    --    -,   ,-,.'     \
"After, opening at 55%.'to 54% and
sinking to'54. United States common
rose to 57 1-8. - , Steel preferred, which
had-opened at 104%, more than a
point under,- the previous- close, rose
to 106%.
"Union Pacific, after sinking 2%
points and touching 155, rose to 158.
Amalgamated Copper, which had sunk
to 46 1-8, rallied to 47%., ', Even Am-
erican Smelting, upon which the bears
.had concentrated'Monday and Saturday, roBe a point' over the day's low
figure.  '' ,      •
s "Transactions were again on an enormous- scale. More than 460,000
shares wero sold during the first hour.
The above statements from the lips
of a representative of a giant brokerage firm, Indicate the steps that are
to be taken to coerce and intimidate
the people.   P-: , ... ■   '
,- "Big Business" Is angry and tho
people, are' to be "taught a lesson"
through their stomachs Instead of their
heads.' Tho peoplo must not ask for
any legislation'or any change ln the
system of government that will cur-
tall profits for exploiters, unless they
aro ready to bo taught a 'lesson thro'
their stomachs,"
, The, peoplo must be slaveB, mute in
their mlsory nnd wretchedness, while
brokers, bankers, Industrial kings, nnd
commercial brigands are holding high
carnival on the dividends extracted
from sweat and blood. Tho giants
clothed with economic power, are to
bring on a panlo by oloBlng factories,
'absolute cessation of now enterprise,"
retiring undofllrable mon from public
off I co and adding moro thousands to
tho increasing idle army that Is now
threatening tho poace and safety of
n nation. Theso pirates of tho twentieth century ontortnln tho belief that
tho pooplo can bo mndo gentlo through
tho pangs of hunger.
They bollovo thnt an Industrial depression and a financial stringency
that will cover'a continent, will seal
tho lips of tho oppressed nnd Impoverished, and thnt "Big Business" will
b'o given n perpetual llbonuo to contlnuo an legalized hlBhwnymon,
"Big Business Is making a mliitnko,
"Big BuslnosB" has not folt tho pulse
of tho pooplo, or "Big BuelnesB" would
know that tho peoplo aro in no mood
to fall upon tholr knoca before tho
powor of corporate comblnatlonn.
Tho people aro in rebellion, nnd their
fighting blood la warmed to moot any
emergency thnt may bo precipitated by
A lighted match mny start n conflagration, and a panic might resolve
00,000,000 of pooplo into an army, that
will remain upon the field of battle
until capitalism becomes n corpse.
Bring on the panic, and tho Croesus
of todny may bo tho Lazarus of tomorrow.
' Henry L. Turner,ka former colonel cf
the Illinois''.'National Guard, wants' the
school children, given instruction, in
wai and mflltary'su.'iiterB., - In an article in the Hamiitonian he says: '
• "1 would have 'every, child taught:
What war„is;...what a battle Ib; what
is a, private soldier, a corporal, a ber-
seanl, a captain, colonel and genera'i;
what a company, battalion, brigade,
division", corps and army is; wliat a
skirmish line, a line of battle, a charge,
and a flank movement is; what a modern rifle ls; what artillery is for; how
soldiers are fed, clothed, arid all the
10,000 details which would be' not
merely educational but; vitally interesting to a child.";
After they are taught all about the
Instruments of killing and the titles
of the people who direct1 the killing,
and the signals they give for the killing to begin, why not go further and
show them why they kill and whom
they kill?
Why not give.to the son of an American workingman the picture of a work-
lngman's. home ln another country,;
with little children gathered around
the father, and say to the pupils: ,
"This is the man thesoldlers are to
kill. He did not do anything wrong
arid he loves his little boys arid girls,
but some day some big, powerful men
who rule this country will fall out
with the big, powerful men who rule
this country, :and'then your papa will
have to go to war and shoot this little
boy's papa, or maybe this little boy's
papa will1 shoot your papa."
> Why stop with the alluring description of the glamor of war? . Why not
tell the whole truth to the children?
W© teach them to abhor murder of
birds and four-footed friends. Why
not teach them to abhor murder of human beings?—The Chicago Daily Socialist.    .
Guides Imported by C. P. R. to Form,
Alpine Village in West ;
GENEVA; ,,Oct, 16—This -year will
witness the.irilgration of a colony of
Swiss to',, the. Canadian Rocky' Mountains. •■ .The nucleus of the colony will
be a corps' of Swis3 guides who are
taken annually,to "that region by the-
mountain] climbers. ■
AI "the "'end of' the' present - season
instead of returning to-their native
land, they will, be joined in Canada
by their familie'ss'and will make their
homes permanently In a highly pic;,
turesquel "ready-made village," which
is-tiow\being prepared by the railway
company,-to be named Edelweiss.-,  -
The village ls situated on the terraced slopes of the mountainside, the
houses having the high-pitched roofs
and other features of'Swiss architecture. Ultimately, it is hoped that o,
string of. these Swiss villages will be
establlBheil throughout the Rockies. As
the work is permanent and the pay
high, it la thought' that the best Swiss
guides will also emigrate with tholr
families.—-Evening Telegram, Toronto.
i -'-
Associated Charities to
Register a Kick
at Ottawa >
At a meeting of the Associated
CbarltieB of Toronto held recently dissatisfaction was 'expressed with -the
manner In which the Immigration laws
of the Dominion were being carried
out, and steps were being carried out,
and steps were taken to have the defect immediately remedied. The association claims that the Canadian officials at some of the border towns allows almost.'any vagabond to cross
the border into Canada. On the other
Land It claims that the United States
officials are too severe and In many
canes go beyond their powers, in refusing Canadians entrance to the United State's.   ' ,->
, The attention of the association was
directed to the. state of affairs by
Ralbl-Jacobs,,who!said that he had
read statements to the effect that at
the present time two million men were
nut of employment in the United 3tat-
es, and that this number would be Increased to four million iri the.near future. Rabbi Jacobs, moreover stated
that in the past two weeks he had
secured evidence to prove that many
people out of work had crossed Into
Canada: , He feared if they were allowed this free entrance to the country,
that by the middle of winter the dif-.
ferent charitable Institutions of the
city would' be so overtaxed that dire
distress could only be the result. He
put forward a resolution that theasso-
clatlbn should Instruct its Secretary,
Mr. Arnold; to write a letter to the
Minister ., of the Interior requesting,
that for, the1 next six months at any
rate • the immigration law be strictly-
enforced.,^' The motion was seconded
by. Rev. W. S. Dean, and was passed
•unanimously.,      . -
—-■^r*—Organized-for-Winter— -;
A   dollar in the bank
i$ worth two in the pocket.
•'A. doposil of One Dollar opens a sayings
account in tbe Home Bank and Full Compound
Interest., is   paid   at  the  Highest  bank rate.
There is no fornfality in opening an account—
call in and leave your name and address and
take your pass book.   If you are away from
town and need money you mav make a with-
i' '
ciraw&i lroi:i your  account,  with  the   Homo
Bank, through the mail.
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager.
i Fernie Branch.1
Capital   Paid   Up   ........$'2,750,000
Reserve.* Undivided Profits   3,250,000-
Total Assets ..7'  40,000,000
The' Bank of Hamilton'has made
saving simple—;by ellmlnatln gall unnecessary Bank formality.
An account may be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act aa an Incentives
...  Bteady saving and will quickly grow
. i. to a sum worth while.
Head Offico:
;\i,ThiB* association began its work of
organization for the' winter, arid several committees were appointed. Dr.
Turnbull, ,Mr. Arnold, and Rev. W. S;
Dean; were appointed to Belect a committee to'endeavor-to.secure a larger
measure of co-operation -from the affiliated- societies.. Miss, Allen of the;
Fred. ^Victor Mission, .Mr." Hanna and
Canon Dixon were named to secure;,
co-operation' amongst those who distribute Christmas cheer, so that the
abundance generally subscribed' • may
be, wisely adriilnlstered without overlapping. A third committee was appointed 'to Investigate the condition
at tho jall,,under which many women
who. are- physciilly unfit to mingle
freely with others are allowed to do
so. '   -
Tito druggist had dtod and his spirit
appeared before tho goldon gate.
"What do yon want horof" naked
81. rotor.
"I'd llko to como In," answered tho
"I'm aorry that we enn't let you
into heaven, but wo havo something
Just aa good that I can cheerfully re-
By Dr. Edward B. Burns .. . .
Tho Now York Board of Inebriety
has held Its first formal meeting nnd
It is expected that In a couple of
woeks tho, plans for treating habitual
drunkards will ho put in actlvo operation. An eighty acre farm Is offered
on which chVonlc alcoholics wero to
bo sequestered. It Is planned to treat
drunkardness as a disease, instead of
as a crlmo, nnd tho results of tho experiment will bo watched with in-,
torcst by all who havo given the problem any thought,
Instead of Imprisoning tho drunkard, ho will recelvo hospital treatment,
Ho will then bo taken to tho farm,
where ho can bo restrained and Riven
hoalthy outdoor oxorolso. If tho victim of the habit hns a desire to reform, ho will bo nffordod every asBlst-
nnco, nnd in this way It Is hoped to
restore to manhood many of thoito who
worthy of every encouragement. Tlio
drunkard lo a flick mnn—sick physically, mentally and morally. Tho results
of hla onforeed sequestration from tho
haunts of his Bacchanllan temptations
In giving nature n chanco to rehabilitate wnstod norvo cells and oxydlno
alcohol supersaturated tissue, cannot
bo othorwlflo than benoflclal.
Manual 1P.W In ♦«« yur« !\tr, aid
under the blue rVUm. normally Induced fatigue followod by deep restful
sloop—"Qroat Nature's second course;
chief nourlshor In llfo'o fenst," roust
Indubitably work great good,
Tf the rtfltnlnment Is sufficiently lnnc
for tho "periodicity" of tho alcoholic
attacks to1 be broken up, and the effect of positive sugostlon enhanced, so
much tho hot lor.!.
If the poor sodden wretch rocovorn
mornl virility, nnd tbo ability to uttor
tho most, difficult word In any langu-
ago—"No"—and mean It, hla regeneration Is complete—temporarily.
Then, what?
Send him hsek to tho samo environment In which ho so signally failed
Ship him to the hopeless holl-murkl-
lies* ol liU »w«auhop, or utmo equally
cheerless prison house In the castle of
Industrial slavery?
-;i'    ,   ,  ,-. fin--
, '  .' X
20 acre tracts of
Creston land—is
well watered &
excellent soil.
Return him blithely to his former
Blum hauntB and habitation?
Show him the beautiful mirage of
Independence and-freedom, only to
thwart him with his chalnbound restrictions under economic determinism?
What boots It to "keep tho word of
promise to IiIb ear and break It to his
For unlcBB tho economic environment of tho'avorago drunkard bo
radically altered, ho is as much a
slavo to his Intemperance as ovor was
Jin to magic lamp.
He Ib as hopeless as charmed moth
to tho heliocentric attraction of burning cnndlo.
No,, gontlomon of the New York
City Bonrd of Inobrloty, your alms
nro high and noblo and worthy ■ of
nil commendation—a» far.an thoy go
—•but you havon't approached the
problem from the right end, You are
trying to cure an effect without removing tho cauBo,
First, tho reprehonnlhla partnership
botwoen the United Stntos and tho liquor Interosts (nlmoBt as dogradlng aB
tho Russian enforcement of the snlo
of vodka) should bo Involved, oven
though wo sacrlflco nn Incomo of
lonflnnnnrt dirty "dollars a year there
by. Tho Kovflrnment nhnuld Hnrdf un-
dortako tho manufacture of pure
wines nnd boors, light In alcoholic
content, as Norway nnd Sweden do.
Thoy should prohibit the salo of spirit-
unns llnunrs wklnrr In nleolinl inil
encourage tho substitution nf light
wines nnd boors, ns Mr, Arthur IlrlH-
bane has long contended,
Next removo tho curse of poverty—
wipe out that blot upon civilization,
the slum. Glvo every man an opportunity fo labor In this world teeming
with plenty, nnd glvo him due return
for his labor.
Thon, and only then, will you euro
drunkenness. For drunkenness, vice
and crime nro largely slum-born —
prepoiuloratlngly determined by tho
economic conditions of tlioRo "sub-
Give fhem healthy labors, pure nlr,
model dwellings, bathtubs, noiirlshlnc
Joe Grafton
food nnd wholoniimo amusements nnd
they'll have no incoiitivo to got drunk
—ond stay drunk,
Somo thoro nro who will boar 1hc>
stigma of alcoholic degeneracy to tholr
graves—who may boquonth tho nc-
cursod appetite ittavlstlcally, if not restricted by humane surgery.
Thoso Incurables maintain on your
model farms, but for the otliorn,
chnngo tholr living conditions; glvo
them a chance to becomo decent)
manly and Independent; encournao
thorn to be self-rospoctlng nnd so|f-
supporting, and the drink evil v.(II
solve Itself.
NRW YOrlK, Oct, 10.—Thoro nro
vast possibilities for Amorlrun manufacturers nnd exporters to Increase
buslneiiB with tho Argentine republic,
nnd this best can bo achieved Iby readjusting the beef tariff nnd mibsldlz-
tng n merchant marine, wns nn opinion expressed rwently nl tho first Argentine trado conference hold In this
city. It was contended Ihat by reel-
prorlly tho United Stales could no-
cure a good Hhnre of Argentine- trade
nine-tenths of which in; now controlled
by Germany nnd KnRland, Hlmllnr
conference will be hrtld In "Detroit
Chicago and other cities,
American Forests Will De Saved Oy
Almost  Perfect  Imitation
noarly perfect Is artificial lumber mndo
from pnpor that there lo no longer
cause for groat worry over forest con-
nervation, nald J. II. White, chuliman
of the executive committee of the National Conservatism Congress horo.
Ik- I,.** Jubi jtJiuiuuU hoiu a trip
through cnpterji r<\nU<-j. Mucli ol bla
tlmo thoro was iipont in investigating
the mnnufnet ur» of "lumbor" from
"A superior quality of artificial luiu-
in-1 tali \m iiLitiui.u.nirt-il i,ihm|m-( Hutu
natural lumber can bo grown," he said,
"Tnko r>7 per cent. wnHto pniwr, ?2
por cent, straw, li i>or cent, Jiito and
16 per cent, wood fibre, n ton of flbro
board, one-fourth Inch thick, or 1,100
feet of Inch lumber, enn tie prodiwd."
KIUN'KY,   LIVBll.   STOMACH,   nnd
liOWKL disorders quickly cured by
At All dealers, SR cents per box, Tho
I'lB Till Co., Bt. Thomas. vsy
\ ifl;'
','5.' -
■-*    "■
7K^g^.;-^^;:-^y;7V^f^^^";7 *■.,:■'./v.' ■„~:g,-r-i',',«'''.i>r vy- ,-.--^-M\.v^.v^^^r4^,"A^'v-a.^
'"1     * *  ^ ■■'. ■,■*„,'•■„   '.■'     '' '-   **£     **  "-        1,H V   -*     •       ■        '_    ,   -■''',.,.,     '.. , ,'-,J .'LVl   «,*£■  n-T-n.'n i    *i"      '  " '   r   7 ■ , ,.  I.'**1'.        .,1., --.J.-r.-V ' "—I■ i.»r r m^J«MidtoUW6nWi.Tri1'tt-»**»'«TW»rt^rt^;t.^   ;
i >-
Sisirtet £tb#tx
-Published, .every Saturday morning 'at its office,
Pellat'Avenue, Fernie,.' B. C. Subscription $1.00
per year1'in advance; An excellent * advertising
medium..;Largest circulation in the District. A'd-
ye'rtising rates oil application.. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book', job arid
color work. Mail orders receive special.attention.
Address all communications to The District-Ledger.
J..W. BENNETT,, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.
■Postoffice Box No. 380
, T T is definitely,settled that the C.P.R. shops will
* be located at Calgary, much to tlie chagrin of
Medicine lint, Lethbridge,-et al., Hooray! like^
wise Hip! is chorused by dealers in and owners of
real, estate.       ..
The public-spirited and ultra-patriotic railroad cor
poraion is enlitled'to commendation upon the busi-
-  4 ness acumen displayed, not'only iir its'choice of
,   location, but likewise for the insignificant request,
made that the City of Calgary should'bear the cost
-. of. construct ion of all subways>nd grade crossings,
thereby transferring responsibility, in the event of
7     death or injury, being inflicted upon, a citizen
while attempting to cross the- track when a train
tl was speeding over it. -.    .        ,    .  ,    ,
' Such incidents are always a source of annoyance
to* tho" claims department and will, per contra, af-
. , ' ford the-city's attorney, an excellent5'opportunity
to'.prove his-worthiness in .discharging his duties as
• ' the Fides Achates of the treasury should attacks be
made upon it by those dependents of the victim of
,   the accident whose desire'for compensation' put-
weighs their zeal; for civic welfare.    '       '
The patriotism„of Canada's great transportation
,    company.was.'proven-up,to.the-hilt'only a short
time ago, aud yet'we'deem it our"boundeii duty to
.   call "attention to" a significant-defect,' which probably .was overlooked in .the hurly-.burly of. the poli-
" tical campaign by,.those disinterested souls-who
■   guide the destinies of the" C. P.' Riband when attention-is drawn-thereto they mayiuhdergo a change of
'   heart—       v. .   ;       \ ■ ' ~      '.-.       ,   -\
'  i-5 "Tho'tie thaf binds us "to 'the. Mother 'Country!
t    should not be loosened, nor should-'we in. this great,
* glorious, "magnificent, broad (no'objection"to the
-:. addition of a few-more adjectives)5 Dominion"1 oX
may be considered the composite quotation of many
flamboyant orators.on the hustings so loudly and
^/vociferouslyapplauded, which^ust have appealed
most..,forcibly to the electorate, judging b>7-1he
• result'.'.'  , ','''''■
j. "He that hath ears to hear, let.him hear," and
h ea Ping tako due note thereof—      '■'-''■
i U the "corrupted and greed besodden" United
States they have "Grade Crossings,  whereas in the
..  ': dear 'Mother Country they do not.
?-The 'mere mention.of this fact may iiuLico tl;e
, C. P. R. instead of looking to' the City of Calory
to construct Ilie subways and crossings to'under-
. take to do t he work itself nt onco. thereby obviating
tlio direful pessimistic possibilities hinted at that
■might occur because of tho failure to safeguard
life and Mb .and. also forever silence those'easting
asperions upon its loyalty to British institutions in
preference to thoso of tlie "monoy mad and wicked
Yankee.'  - '.    ,
Possibly some apologist for the "Stand Pat"
policy may say ""What-has served Calgary for 20
years past is good enough to-day."" Such fossiliz-
ed notions aro entirely out of harmony in a com-"
nmnity whoso population and consequent'oxpan-
Rion are destined to place Calgary in Iho foremost
ranks of motropolitanism within tlie next deeado.
For further particulars see census returns, and real
eslate pamphlet prognostications.
■ The happy-go-lucky hit-or-miss policy mny not
bo followed by any deplorable results 'for n Ion*
i.me, nnd again, it may. Cities, like iiidividuiYl*
•irr too prone |o lake chances only to wish Unit Kiev
of "involuntary suicide," then, as an evidence, of
."sympathy," open up a subscription,:for-ai-tombstone bearing thesepitaph:        ,  7 '. ;  - • ;
"Dulce et decorum est pro Calgary mbri."     -'
(Sweet and becoming it is to die for'Calgaryj.   .
"Sic itur ad astfa.V«(Thus'the,"road'fo1 iinmor-*
tality). '(stars):    '.' ,-::- '* .  '''"■'\^r f':.'°;^ ■"
CORRESPONDENT;i'n'a recent'issiie'of "The
Bulletin,'' Sydney, N. S. Wales, says: ,
"One would think, by the iway, the-law is con-,
travened by the big mining compariies'that they had
been* handed the Departmental wink. The B. M.
Co. is a transgressor,in this respect like the rest
of them: Their mines,, front Lancefield through"
the Gwalia, AVaroonga, Oroya,''Black Range!, and
j-4,rouanme to the EJingall, are full of Skis (Austrians
and Poles) and many can't fcpeak English. v As a
matter of plain, bald fact, labor troubles arc threatening to stick'out as big as cathedrals in "W". A. ii/
the near future, and the big companies are looking
lo the Ski as a probable strikebreaking tool: They
are living in hopes he will'prove, a whole soulcd
'scab" when the trouble blows in, and they are
'treating;him rather decently on that account, and
handing him jobs in preference to Australians. But
the Ski will very likely prove a broken.reed to the'
mincowners when the hoops are being 'tightened
up. The Italian .'. ' . is a keen pence collector
and-knows which side of his,bread the butter is on.'
The'motion tliat unionists shall not work with non-
unionists, which was carried by such an overwhelming majority0in Kalgoorlie recently, and .which lias
since been subscribed by the A. W7A| all over the
state, looks like being the rock'on-which the-split,
will occur. If.it proves so, thejndications are that
on that question, anyhow, the Italian, will flock to
the union standard like one man. The fact that
he Mield up'-.the Kalgoorlie 'firewbod supply last
year shows wbat he will, do, when'the screw goes
on/' - . ;,.. ....'...,.,:.•,'.»
, Remember,'however, that this is from'a-man on
the spot in that portion of the hemisphere where industrial peace .was supposed, frohi the reports we
read, to have its natural.liabitat.. "Distant pastures look green," while a^closer inspection discloses
the" truth .of;- the • old. .,■ saw .—;" Nothing
new under.' the sun.','. Another' significant
feature, toorJs-,that the'tool that''the "mine owner
expects to make use of, the "ignorant foreigner,"
may, when it comes to the showdown turn out' to be
.a two-edged sword, thus does solidarity grow even
under the ^Southern Cross. And likewise we learn
that ^capitalism's tactics vary,-but little, no matter
undei\,what_ clime they are practised. .'
"The -native '.Australian .mineworker "will find,
-Nke.',!1*.? Drpther on this,,continent, that^once the
-"xoreigner - -is-shown"-"that"the*interests"_of inrw'ork^
ers are' identical, mere geographical-or racial distinctions will be swept away, and the-force'of that
memorable phrase, "Workingmen' of all countries,
unite" made manifest. -' '"?'    •"
-VVNEN     V'?'
15 USED.
"Our Letter Box"
Iho District, Ledger jtccupls'no rospon-.i-
blhly for the views expressed by its euri-es-
pomlcntfs. Communications will be inserted
whether signed-by the i-oal ,n;une of Uiu
writer or n nom deplume, but tlie writer's
iiuino and uddi-oss must bo Riven to the-
Editornscvideneeof (jodd fnitli. In no ease
will it be divulged without content.
To tlie. Editor, District Ledger— u '„
I >oa i\,Sir,--For' the lqst, two* «'eci<a
the readers of that organ of public.bp:
inion, fairness,., truth, light,, ju'sttce.
etc.; etc., etc':,' has been serving up ro
its readers "the real dope" about the
strike situation. , isTow, whether its
editor or some other well-informed (?)
andysapient scribe ds responsible- for
these "efforts".I, cannot 6ay.. But T
noticed that the.first one got jammed
in above hisr-editorial headinglvwn'.le
the next one was presented to us last
week upon the front sheet of this great,
weekly publication; which has the wel-
jarjLof juLbur>;h^Candiinci-Ien.tally_i tsl
own) so .very/much flt heart. (Pause
here and contemplate, ye miners;' ye,
who although your toll is so necessary
to this town;.whose quarters and fif-*
teen cents we so'eagerly covet, should
dare to cease your toil!' ' Know ye not
that ye have forfeite<LJhe''syinpathy of
the PUBLIC—-And-look! Oh, look, how
much that'has been ■ wort li to, ye! Ungrateful creatures, hayp^you no care
but for yourselves?)
First our most enlightened, and inspired co-tem dwells at some length
upon the'situation arid the absurdity
of the miners' attitudo and—tho evils
Why, sir, I read-in our worthy publi:
cation, which seeks to elevat«, enligh^
ten and instruct,'thatsomo individual
'suggested a referendiiin'-.-vote, of .the
consumer to.as,9ertain;'\vliether-. they
might not be willing to^.pay a .little
more'for .their coal!-- Faugh!' Non-
Senset,;' (Likewlse,''-TutT';Tutj7 sFanoy'
asking the consume.r"! -/-Why, "sir,"who
ever'"heard of such"a.Utopian*ideaV
Wliy-'I believe if you"were to ask the'
consumer "Are you', willing' to "pay
more for your coal?'.' tie-would die..
Yes; sir j, he couldn't withstand the;
,'shock, He's not used to it; Wtiy^sir,.
he" doesn't own the mines, the companies do^ and surely, you recognize
that"he can have nothing to,say about"
the price of coal:-Tthat's the mine own-'
ers','and railway "companies' privilege!'
(How ignorant some people are!) And
just tb remind thost-.individuals .who
aro inclined to .remark that "If-the
people, were not there that-the:rail-,
ways .'would not be," let me remark,
In the words of our co-tem "that jvould
not help matters!" ''  '   '  '
Now, Mr. Editor, ,'thero is that^ five
fifty-five! Some of thoso foolish mln-,
ers tell you that this was only offered
to a certain class of men, and'that
some mine workers, quite as much entitled to it ns others, w<3re° omitted
from tho increase. Now, agnin, there
are other wicked individuals who will
tell -you. ftiat the operator's did this
knowing full well thatthe mine workers could not accept "such a proposition, which was directly against all
principles of unionism. -What sentiment! < No'wonder public" sympathy
"is withheld from such a body of men.
Again,' "Even before any evidence
was takenVthe miners refused to be
bound by, the report of the Board.
This was a serious blow to public sympathy.'.'. " I should-say, it was;" just
fancy knocking good' old public' sympathy about-like that! ' Too bad! 'Too
bad!-. ".("Oh', Stop ' You're Tickling,
Jock.")"; ',  7 ,   .   '     ;' •
"The Board of Trade, who .more than
any outside/of'the liiin'ers* themselves
are desirous of" having" a well paid
body, of men'iri their respective communities . . . .»   Why  certainly! -f .,
But, Isuppose^'a badly paid body in
preference to one in receipt of no pay,
Eh?   Of course;-of course". ■>
.' Now,-sir, I-sincerely trust"1 you'will
have this letter-reproduced in pamphlet'form'arid'distributed among those
miners-. (especially ,the Socialists) so
that .they ..may- be brought, to realize
what they have forfeited in the shape of
"PUBLIC SYMPATHY" according to
our co-tem;'that they;may rea'lizeand
that "they, have to exist under'"present.'day; conditions," and not to .entertain any notion's of' "theoretical economics.'' ivj • 0 " '.'' y
."' In conclusion-! should like to reiriind
for they'are not "alone'in their loss,"
and according to the words of ttie
song—,'     t., .-■
y'Adam nilssed It—',   7-7      ,
" And a d***. good job for Adam!"
,'•"', Yours- truly,   ,- ...
-'■■'. y i. n.'o.'u.
• •:,■■- ./SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V;0;; LLD., 6.0.^ President-V ,
-   y-..        ^;;;ai£XANDER.UIRD,^General Mamageb.7 * 7'  7   w.
Every branch of The Canadian Bank of Commerce is equipped to issue, drafts on
the principal cities in the fodlo wing countries -without delay:     -
We havo to accept,'.'present day conditions" away with all* the piffle of
'theoretical economics"!-
Now, Mr. Editor, I really don't know
much about this situation, and of
course, never read (only the great org-
'i i
i ( 'T* "WO hundred less office employees in the
* - lumber t industry-as a result of change of
system;" jvns the report circulated' by' the press.
This lias been corrected by Secretary '-Anstie, who
places tlio figure at 20 or 25. This is a qiinntitivc
distinction nowise affecting tho .principle involved i °\llT"™,
and^to-tho individuals to bo immolated on tlie altar
of economy is of small consolation,to them wliolhor
there nre to bb 20 or 200 scalps to fall in the basket
ns Ihcir own is the only ono they possess.
,' Tt is not to be expected that those upon whominn nt „„,,f  ,      , , . ■    . , L
the nvn fnn„     -n -   • i.    ii    ii .„     ,      an ot "fftt, truth, and fairness; but
the axe falls will appreciate the blow, still why |T ronlly would like to glve'yo:, an in-
should the spirit of mortal bo proud" when he is .stance of "Theoretical Finance;    or'
afforded an "oxcollent opportunity for contempla- !-How We Served It tothe Conciliation
tion by tho distinction bestowed upon'him that'li'o ' Br'ar,i''    As nn 'nstnnco of puvo. un-'
Lar I? *•wM "•* t"9 ,"1,rosrass »"'i:?»'tX',0,":i™r zy°
hconomy.      Moreover, nn enforced vacation will "our co-tem).
enable tho ^victims to put on thoir thiulcing enps \   Many of your readers, I fool sure,
and ask themselves what has became of tho great jaro wnBW"re of the great philanthropic
wave of "Prosperity" so insistently veiled fr0,,i'concorn t,mt WG hftV0 ,n our nil(,Bt'B0
-    - '   J ■ you must loud mo your space to toll
concorn ln our
figures of its ac-,
countanto, nrtd tlio word of Its mnnagor
sells coal at one cent   less   than   It
costs at the mine.   Out, of course, you
fniil.i   im n*.    ...i.«i   i       t •" -n     i ',:' .    niust not forget that the railway com-
fum«f_m tho whole iroml in tho busmoss world is pany who puBroha8eB thIl* coal ], one
s best customers)
absurd! Nothing
c frlondslilii. Wlmt,
'» hta» im I.,,,,,!,,-,,,.,,', delation r,,,- ,„oi,-IS? *Zy[T t£* ■",£*
„„,., : i, i ii.     i      ..      . i   i  ....   . . ,    ,    -„ .-.^  ;iinil wo will show you scJoulflo no-
i(im» .,|,.| H„. sl.uijii)i.'v is not hm^cd in tho iniliiRlry.for altruistic reooonn but for counting nmi .H<-icntinc mnnnKomonr.
_    iiisiil.Winrds, ' jTKOFIT, llioi-iifore,   upon   discovering   n   moaus '<>r "How to Get Rich by Kindness."
nn story ih told, hnd of ronw, of iui 'Frmlnnnti, | wlioroliy a Having can bo effected, whether bv the i   W!,y' " '" F,° ^^nntirully plnln Unit
Mr. Cheap Guy '
To the Editor, District Ledger-- *
Dear Sir,^—At a social'event-held,in
one of the hotels of this city'lately, a
well lenown young mnn in,commercial
circles had the daring impertinence to
enter therein without an invitation. On
(Continued ' on page' 5)
th. horn lo,» by „r« ,«l politician-, aurdy it i. 'IZTZ™ ZZ
ii enso of recession without any ]>ootic compensa- \ midst that upon tho ft
tion, savo in this prosaic work-n-day world moans—     '
hustle for another job.
\> bemoan tho loss of a position is natural, yot
lllwl ln .   , ,,,,,, •■ i   -fil,i' llH "10 wI!iol° 1rcntl in tho business world is Danv who uurcham..
I or       ( n ^ ,ln01:ibC/°r0 ll10 Sl,!0(l ™4oWn«l il.o ollhftnntion of waste energy, this is If the coli Z^s
ii ", - " otnor wowln, avoid tho necessnry outlny [Hcioutifie, consequently, "Why kick against the Subsidiary?    No,' al
outlined by hiiisIi iiiiprovcmonts ns nlovnfPil oioss-! pricks?" ■ ,. ■     lmt n sort of Platonic:
ingH or subways unlil somo viHim has been «.,,,.■,.! j    To blmno tlie Lumbenuon's Association for thoir ISi
Si" b!d!v^)ds0.^1":'-,nl. l1,-ht.,t..,B..cll0,ip6r t01 n,:,,.,,n!?,,K! "J'00^;^ - ^ ™ ^ »^- s Z w wm
, tlinii put'in Kiiftwmrris
> Ntory ii
who was obsc
Nowhere in the Pass can be'
found- In such n display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Venl, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, 8ausages,
Welners and Bauer Kraut.
Calgary. Cattle Co.
Phonn 68
who wa« obKi-rvfil diligently pi|Mlii.,., ,, dollar bill   inslnllalion nf better ma.-hinerv, tlio ..xtnwtilin of ''f" ^ »niir»( mtor« on the Con-
Vi,   .   i      <<A        X|,,nnn,tl0" of ""',l1  ' WW 'H-'llio.r oil.ces with its consequent, .lecreaHc in wages nun. from hurstm* forth nnd j|Rffinir
npimii,   oivcdrappcd n nickel under th' Hide-  o\|»uiim'. tliey, would bo lacking in business prin- ',,,ut u,° f,Ul,»"« "Hiwrtaln chonw-
wftlli. nnd (Vim slK.vin' tb,. .li.lliiiMliiwii mi tl.nt it'll; "iplow ir tliey failed to adopt such measures    The '."There Renl,y is "n Po"lb,B Doub,!
hi O'iiu .shovin' tlie dullnrddwii nn tlwit it'll - <•
be worll, mi wl.il, |„ p„ll tl.' boards up!" | lumbennan is looking nftoH.is own material inter-
Hns in nlfiii t»„ilii. policy of private individnaN ; esis ,m] „ui operaliiiff n liiiiiiniiHnrimi inslilulioi.
nurl pub!..- ImuIics wlm. fiitlmr than oxpeml a re-i    His-
Intively sina"
■"There Really lo an Possible Doubt;
;No Shadow of Doubt Whatever!"
Noiv, I Imvo only bron told (JitH, i\yit
II I" J»«l iinhnllilo Unit thoy did "lot, If,
tirsl. consideration is making the oulcrpriHc w" » W-*n lirtviit.-,  nut I urosmmj
mum im n pivcautimi, incur the risk j pay, to accomplish this ho employs the best mwnm !,,,at ,lin ,,,11|1« f>'«)m iliochnlr provnll.
.... ..„.-, j.m, lM liiivinn i-Hiitii'i>s.     .Should until, i procurable, wlu-tber it bo tho inanimate ov tll0 imM**" ,,,MI |,u'u'"u',i "iiyililiiR ho unaopni' 7
i.\.; «..,■»,»■., iJ,r.v e.mKr..M.int.. ua-iMHelves upon lb,. • initio InvUm. when ho has attained his nblo-t and I L,t l'^"  *'\" l',w lu1,tty "^ l0
r'T? ^tnKhm if h **»• «»■«"» t»»o outcry Kinds it essential to close'down, tho maehi^rv ,nu > !S, ,b^i'Sj", S»i«£lf«
J?,'r        ,",   .'f. ",,|H" :,m,,',a,"» »xpWt** *>' W*« overhauled, oi)«,l and protected, the hum-, mill !«•«»«» »n till- Rreai phlinntlirunlc un
iimi|rnnnl.   ciIimiir who have sat supinely silent,  imilcs put out to pasture, ami i)u. "Imiids" ,|m"   "
1 v-** «'•'» inrnhn-m cm r iiiiiiin "resjii'.'l ,ior   eJiiii'frcil.
tl.epeopl,.'srid.1s."«^Ve„umt,urbt!.eO,to„„s.-; These are f„H« tl.nt defy refutation; Mill we
votes of n-nsure for the city fathers and similar' hear it prated that "tho interests of Lnbor'and
post mortem iionsensicalitios and deinnKo(ric oi - U'npilal nro idotiltml." wlirn it xlioulil read "an-
s!«uiBhlcr» on "v^ted riRhtH!" , taK«,..i«tie," ah the iiiMtmice referred to should d
fir enursf, tnrhy if h n m*o nf < Vllinp: our l.irtl- ; <-\wM Cvn\ to this ilutltsht brain
rifrht' (nnothor political onnt phrnno) nml in nn!    To invfi«h n^ninst Hie
altitude of "llioui'li tiif. iir'averm tfnll" lft not Cal
rnpitnlUt in rlpinat'ocii':
, .    t ,,,,,' ,',,,,), « v-ith 1hc "\vajff-rnruer who does uot
mry h prosponty be retarded by such trivialties m accept his commodity Mnlus. Suoh incidents ns
the possible, slaughter of n tow innocuous citiz«sns, j these und«r consideration arc excclJcnt lesson* if
but rather let us pass resolutions of condemnation j he will but study them, anil more convincing than
lipon them as stupid mortals and render a verdict a whole army of professors of political cwmmv
>C*»" M,u»M-, i (jiDin iiriotirMiinrt Unit
ninny or ttu. public havo to pay a fow \
'cents or dollars a ton ir.or«-*but then
Ui«y nre Hi* publlo nnd hnv« tho prl-
vllr-RP of wltliiioliiinir tholr sympathies from tbe rnlnorH, nhoiild thoy wish.
And further, thoy WnnVt not; my,
they Mnld not ohj«ct to paylnir this
trin*> •"»»» f/>r thAfr coal, and It they
dirt iwOl--tt'i.]|~iho oporaton would
U> ▼«!! within their rights to tell thorn
to so to a place where th« enrbonlfw
ous matter Is not r«iulr#d, as th« tern*
IMtature It w»r Mow IfiWfibtfaen'.
In th« (t\Htifo«,
Mrs. S, Jonniitgs, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and .Cold Water
Electric Lighted
auam heated.
Wionc in every room.
•  Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Ivleai Tickets, $6,00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical par.
ties.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner SOc
The finest of Winn, Liquors
and Clgsrs served by competent
and ebllQlng win* <l»tk».
t, Africa       ' -   ' -   * ■ Crete
C   Arabia;.     ' V,    .; Caba   .....
'- 'Argentine Republic.Denmarjr. ,'
i  Australia - "  Egypt •
, Austria-Huaguy   Faroe Idanda
' Belgium' Finbjid ,   .
Brazil #1 ,    , _,     FormouiV"
» Buipana,    4l. -.  France   »'*-   ,.-. -jam
Cevbn '-   Fr*ch Cocbia China
- Chili.
. Gtcm  .
.-.Icdaad   .
-'India    V
» V>*r .
, ■• -Jam
hiria Malta
Paiuum - V 7,
, Rqumai*
- Russia
siiiria   :-,-   ."••
Soudan's-   ',   "
South A&ica." -, L ,-
Spain ,        '-
Strait* Settlemcnbj
Sweden \.' .>   „
Switzeriaad -    ■
_ _'rkey  •■ • *' *
United State*    ;
West Indus, etc.
Germany  .,-    '   Manehaiia
Great Bntaia     ,_ Meaico-,  v   -.  ..„. ..«™^ »».
The amount of these drafts is stated in the Money of the country where they are payable 5 that is they are drawn ui sterling-, francs, narkv'lire,* kronen, florins,' yen,
taels, roubles, etc., as the case may be.   Tbis ensures that the payee abroad will
' receive the actual amount intended. - '.''■ '-A233
FERNIE  BRANCH    r;. 'y;"  y;V y  ■'--■ ;b.'A,".8. DACK, ManageV;
Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal J
or Wood Burners, and p'\       '*
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
And  Nothing but the Best in Fresh.
7; !rand   Smoked   Meats,    Fresh    and7
.   Smoked Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry r.
'-■' ;.   Etc.  Etc., go to 7   -.
SAM'GRAHAM,-Manager' :" ■'"       '    ..-  ;    ".' .      PHONE" 41
c:e: Lyons
*?*i i
■Money to Lbati on first class Business and Residential property
Food Choppers
90c to $3.50
J. D. Quail
"J* H E , "Universal"^. Food
Chopper chops all kinds
of food, whether meat
or vegetables-
raw or cooked?
-as coarse
or fine as
Does ''■"
with the
knife and
Buy the genuine "Universol."
-    J
The Comfort Route East
Clow* collections with tho main lino trains, Longer, hlB>ir, wider
Hcrlii*. Inillvldiml berth nm! sent HrIKs In sleepers nmi conclwrw.
Vncimi clonnod, Kleclrlc lighted on-llmo trains, tlio lntest models
from pilot to tnll lights,
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No. 161 P. 0. Box 305
Ledger Ads Bring Results
f *~W k  *   •*
*r -* *. j-»      r     t*
!,„ (* f
,«u.   ttWHW'i/1 j
ummillmtmtm1mmmmmmiil^i •j _-.;• vy^yTjyy \?'"s?"r,—-i -',-;K-,7 --*■, X.'-"* Ny J. :.--';■;","7y. H^TTy^y--'"" ' -    - "/;.-;.;; - y: -7:'.'b",:>;7-
7v---."  '-y-';.;■■"-7--_-yv-"."i. ?•"-;«•--■ .--   ~% ■-, '•-"--,;■-,  -r"-'^--^ i-fi'.^^y  ..v--'- ■■"j- " 7" ---yy '.
;. ■    * «■ - .-r-v:i!-'-,'
- ,S  '   -.J ~> ,
ft' -
-o.- - -,— - -
-   . S:   "■   ',
PAGE   FIVE1     /
() /.*  q
- ■.. th *.
,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦      ■/"!.«;.'1-    J- ~J.J. — „-   fS'-i--    ed foris arivthine-hnt tWa'tof a.onnrta.? ^'^V^'    -■"   ' .'.y ' '.. s-V-•'■ -   '    -.■/'- ■' r~r-       TT~.        ~ ■ t—1 - .—y - -^ _J	
>.  --delivered j.to   all
.--"■ .". "-. •'"•: •''.' I   »  '
parts .'of the .town
7 .7' ■;'.: •".• -, h"  •- -—;
Sanders & Verhaest  Brothers
f' ■' .    ."*•■ T
4   ■•' ■ Proprietors «
S, I Iff; G E R    I
Ofe ^Letter Box
' (Continued' from ■ page" 4)
being asked to subscribe "to the'coffers
of the society he "reluctantly.-admitted
that/he'-was 'ibroke,';- and 7 had .the
"brass",to request the gentleman who
approached him in the matter "to call
around', at his place of .business the
next'morning, when he would produce
the funds "required*." " ' ■""    /'     ' '
The-strange part of the event, just
recorded, Is , that; after" he was approached to produco.'his invitation,
and failing to do-so, he'*'beat it.",although he had arranged to stay. -
Moral—Don't try to cut a dash when
you haven't"got the.cash.   * " ,['
,.°  Yours truly,
- 7- - ONLOOKER.
ed foris anything but that of asports
man, and'ifr such' actions.,are" upheld
the football.of the Pass Is;doomed.- -
Yours, for Sport,,'77; <, :<■\.
'        .    •   J.  MORRIS.
A splendid'mov'ement
Aercnt    Fertile
Peilatt    Ave.    North
Bar supplied with*  the  best Wines,
.Liquors and:Cigars -
,   Frank, Alta.,18tli October, 1911.
To the Editor, District Lodger—     *
Dear'SIr,—For the.past few weeks a
challenge has appeared-in your paper
whereby one Charles Carver claims the
Welter-weight Boxing Championship
failing the receipt of a reply .to his
challenge. , ■■>-.... ^.- "
- Lbeg tb inform you that I~ha.ve now
written two' separate letters to Carver
accepting-his".challenge,*, buf cannot
obtain any reply from-him. Under
these circumstances I shall be obliged if you will kindly publish this letter,
in:_your*next, issue, and insist upon1
Carver's challenge being,, withdrawn
unless-he consents to meet me.,
My record in the ring is'well enough
known to establish my right to object to any other boxer claiming the
'welter weight championship, without
having" first tried conclusion's with me.
,   '   ' Yours. b?uly, ■; '*    ''
By Eugene Derue-1'-' ' ", ■ "'"
At the national convention of, the
"Columbian.Federation," an organizar.
tion'-.composed of Italian societies of
the United States and 7Canada, held  ,..„	
last'at Pueblo, Colo.,1 a project was ling Mr. and *Mrs,! Roberr'Fairclouch
J, ♦;♦ ♦" ♦'^^ ♦ *;♦ ♦ ♦' ♦
♦ CO^U  CREEK.BY   174        ,♦
♦,-•• »vy. ;,»;7,v-,, •- -^
♦ •»;.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦*♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ + '♦
Mr.1 Joe .Thompson,.the Great Nor-'
thern agent, of Fernie, and,'Customs
agent," Mackintosh, paid a ' business,
vislt-up'hei^e on Monday afternoon.  '
Mr'.',Wilson, of Hosmer, is taking
charge of the Presbyterian Church up
.here..until the -new minister ,is .,ap-;
pointed.       -      7. . .'    '
Mr. A. Pierpont-.of-MIch'el, was ..visit
Rev.'father' Jeurie* held the-;services
at; tlie Catholic Church on Sunday m
theabsetfce of. Father O'Neil/who is
gone to,.Rosslarid:   -'    '.'"     -   ';
Miss.,Dell .Fletcher, spent,'several
days,visiting at Crow's Nest this week.
" Dr. Cochlain," of Trail, • spent] Wed-
W. H. Miirr   -   Prop.
Michel, B..C, 19th October.'
To the Editor; District Ledger—     *"
Dear SIryKindly give the" enclosed
space in your- valuable*.,,paper    and-
oblige       ,      **'.,'"•..
•Yours truly,- -     /   '"■
.J. MORRIS,' '" "
7,  - Secretary, Michel F.C.-
T. W. Davies
, i ■
You're always wolcomo liero
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
An=OpW Letter to Mr, J.-Graham,
, Secretary'."of the Coleman Football
. ,C]ub ancf of the .League. 7 . ?
yoi'V"-'Wtter which'' appeared In' the
Ledger' of • the 14th - inst,*- and , which
appears to. me to be-a, poor apology
for the' high-handed, unsportsmanlike',
man/ier in which your club has taken
ro the Crahan Cup.' ■v In this apology
of yours you'state that a,suggestion
was made at"Frank' that the winners
of the League and Mutz .Cup .should.
play"fo"r the Crahan Cup?, " This is
not correct, and,when appealing to'the
sporting fraternity ■ you should give
them the" true facts of the case so that
thoy may judge rightly. It was not
a suggestion at all,,but a motion passed nt a regular league meeting, ut
which all the clubs In tlie league wero
represented and thoro'wnB only ono dls
sonting vote there, nnd that was that
of tho Colomnn 'roprosontntivo' ■ This,
is proved by your letter, of October
2nd. inst,     "    ,
Surely the powor thnt decided ns to
how tho cup Bhould bo playod for last
Bcusin should bb Judges as to who
should play for it this yonr?
You state that Colomnn hns not hnd
a _ chance to defend it. This statement of yours Is .ridiculous. Your
team, llko nil tho others ln tho longuo
has had'an equal clinnco through tho
season, and if you hnvo failed to keep
your appolntmonts, etc., It should ho
no reason thnt tho sport of tho Pass
should como to n ntandstlll.
If all tho teams had boon llko yours
thoro would havo boon no football this
sonson, -      <
Tills action of yours Is purely a sol-
fish omv this can bQ'-proved by your
conversation, of September,tlio 10th,
when you. approached our captain and
myself. It can-nlBO bo-proved by
ybur corroepondoiico of tho snth to
.Our flub, llito tho others In tho Ion-
guo nro wllllim <o iitnnd by (lie iiilniitos
of tho lenKiio, nnd your lift Ion lu ro-
fusing to hnnd tlio cup ovor to bo plnv.
launched which will no do'ubj* server's
a precedent for other organized bodies
to follow. - ' ,-
' This federation is composed of fra:
ternal societies, whose chief object is
mutual aid, but from the date of its
organization it has protected and welcomed unionism in all its branches. ■
..The "Columbian Federation" stands
out today as the foremost of the Italian federated societies of-, the-United
States' and at the present time has a
membership running up Into.the thousands^ daily. growing, with lodges in
almost every mining camp and city of
importance in the, western half of,the
country.' ,7      '       - ,"' ,.
For. a number, of years this federat-;-
ion had had" embodied''in its'coristitu-'
tion; an "article which savors "of unionism, while not saying so in as many
words. .. zArticle 60 says that in thec
event -of .a .str Jk.e ,i?i..{iny, of. the', camps
that those members of the affiliated
up here this week,
Dr. Corsan, of Fernie, paid a short
business visit up here on Thursday
afternoon. ■ t - '
Quite^a bit of grading and repairing
has been done to,the roads up, here
this last few months, but it would be
a'great benefit to teams If a" little
grading could be done to the Church,
Hill before the bad weather sets in.
Born at Coal^Creek on Monday, Oct.
9th, .to Mi- and Mrs. William Wilson,
a---bouncing boy. „ Mother" and- child
both doing well.' ',', v ■ '. ■ ■
■ ".Mr." Francis" White, of" Fernie, was
'up"here on'business last Saturday/-,
. Mrs.-Jos. Knowles and family left
Q-ere, ls*st Wednesday, for' Vancouver
to join her riusbaridl'    "■'•-■    •■,■'.
, Mr..Hanri6n,-theMethodist minister,
left here" last Friday to spend a few
weeks at.Wycliffe'.., Mr. Best occupied Jhfi pulRit;up„'here last Sunday ■'
-The-"special7 meeting of the Glad-
nesday the guest of Dr." Nay.
Mr. W. T. Watson-returned with his
bride Friday and is once more hustling about the little station, cheerful
and obliging as ever.
Don't" forget the Harvest .-"Thanksgiving at' the Methodist Church on
Sunday evening/ Oct., 29th, "at 7.30
p.'m., when, special music,' quartette,
and solos will be rendered.
Also on Thanksgiving Day, Monday,
Oct.' 30th, tho "fancy hat" social at
8 p.m. Lots of fun and a real good
time can be depended upon. Dramatic sketches, songs, - games, refreshments/etc, during the evening. Hos-
merites, make a note of these dates
and come up strong. You will Oi'ave
a' good time and help a good cause..
♦  *'
■"♦ ♦'♦ ♦"♦'♦♦♦ ♦ <*
lodges that go, to.work as scabs will be , stone held,at.Fernie.last Friday caus-
Immediately dismissed'from the'order lled:,the-'Creek"'to have a very deserted-
apd their names published- in the offi-   appearance all day.
cial organ.'   ,.,  7    ■    " •.-'"-
■- Certainly'a' splendid""part"of a "con-'
stltutlori', especially when you take'into
consideration that this' order is a fraternal one. It proves most conclusively that the friends of labor, are to be
round- everywhere, ands that the move
ment tendipg to emancipate-the masses is,-steadiiyigrowing'with^the ad-
v'ance'oi time.-
.Not-'-ohly. was this splendid .article
again confirmed' by the delegates in
convention,' but to further display.their
loyalty to the workirigrnan's- cause *it
was strengthened-in such-a manner, as
to leave.no doubt as to its meaning.
There ;-was added a'-.clause. that all
affiliated lodges must'have the union,
label onfall of:.their printed'matter
and as far as possible that"the mem
hers, must give preference to'goods
bearing the union label,    ,. -'
When we think of the good that has
been done in this country by the unions "we cannot-hesitate tb hope thnt
the.Article' 60, as also the new clause
of this worthy article, Is complied with
to its fullest meaning.
a The union, label promotes good citizenship, it elevates the standard of
labor, It abolishes unsanitary conditions, it protects the homes, It forbids
conditions which endanger the community, it improves the environment
pf those who labor, thereby enhancing
tho quality of citizenship, it prohibits'
child.labor; all in nil it has a tendency'
to Increase' independence nnd decreases dependence.
All', members of organized labor
should hail with loud'volccR of approval the splendid movement towards
the advancement of the workingmnn's
'.cause juat mado by the "Columbian
Federation," ond tho lending spirits of
othor, fraternities Bhould endeavor to
follow In tho footsteps of this gronto'at
or all Italian organlzations.—U. M,* W.'
of A. Journal.
While tlie doctrine of private rights
and public rights is being interpreted
in the Crow's Nest Pass In a fashion
which would make it appear that the
first was1 everything and the second a
negligible matter; while coal.prices
are, soaring high and .hardship-on the
homestead' looks a likely visitor, .'different papers are, discussing the cure.
Tlie trouble in the" mines in Alaska,
■d - : • ■   .    >T . '    - -       and the probable' action' of President
Postmaster Johnson of Fernie, was  Taft, in the matter, * shows wS the
Monda-            - °reek MSt   pe°Ple' °f the Uhit€d States *!»* "
1  '    i—""'"*™     The Bulletin, the organ of
' Mr" and-Mrs. G.'"Page and' son Tre-'
turned here from the Mission at Cranbrook last week-end.
, The , twelfth supply, of provisions,
etc., .were distributed-arourid here-this
week."    "■'■ -' ,, "r,   ;' <.
-■ Air. A; J. Fisher, lawyer of Fernie,
paid a business visit up here last Sunr
day.'      -~" ','      -   ; -•        -      , -(  ,'
Mrs. Robt. Johnstone and family arrived back in Camp last Monday after;
spending an' extended trip to England."
t Mrs. Spruston,' of Michel, is, '.visiting her two daughters'(Mrs M.'Bell
and'Mrs. W7Joyce) this week.    • *' -
Old Jock Arbucklelwas-able^to-nnmp
home from "the;hospital last Monday,
although he,-is "still ih a very weak
condition.    ■ , ,-.o   • -"
Quite a number .of Creekites took in
the I. C. S. banquet'and dance Monday
night, and had'a very enjoyable'time.
COPENHAGEN, Donmark, Oct 14.—
The Faroo Island;,which aro rich ln
coal deposits nro, being mined by tho
Kovornmont nnd tho conl shipped to
An American firm of mining ongln-
fnr« Is conducting a full .survey of tho
onllfo conl fields of tho Islands for thb
Dnnlflh government. High prices hnd
much to' do with tho government's un-
dortnklng tho project. ,.
FOR 8AM":—At n burgnln; a brand
now Bicycle; English mako. novor
rodo on, Apply, Wm. Hnrton, Pollatt
Avenue. n-t.f
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦:.♦.<► ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ 'l' ♦
♦ .     '*HOSMER5 NOTES.   •        O
♦ .  "   By "Krltlk-." <*.
♦ '" .       ♦
♦ '♦♦♦;♦♦♦♦♦.♦.♦♦,♦
.Rev. Mr. Wilson left on Saturday'-for
Coal Creek, where' ho will remain until
No. 1st. , Afterwards he will go to
Rossland, where ho will have charge
of tho Presbyterian Church''for some
tlmo. - y ,
Rev. Bryco II. Wnllacol returned
from Scotland, hns charge of tho Presbyterian Church, succeeding .Mr. Wilson. '    ' ■;
Tho Ladies' Aid of tho Presbyterian
Church hold tholr monthly meeting al,
the house of Mrs.' Mnrlalt, and a vory
pleasant and profltublo afternoon wns
.Tho carpentors who wero employed
at the new station finished up on Wed-
day "and loft for High Rlvor, whoro
thoy will bo busy for some time.
Mr. H, Kinsman wns married at his
homo on Friday, IiIb bride arriving
from Scotland the same day, - Rev.
^Ir, Wilson performed tho ceremony,
Tho young j ooplo have tho best wlshai
of a.largo numbor of friends.
Mr. Jack Kennedy, O.lMt.vpnlntor,
has charge of tho painting of' tho sin-
tion and expects to Hnvo finished and
ready, for occupation In about' n wook,
MIh» HunBtrum, of lllulrmore, npont
tho wook-ond with Mrs. McMookln,
MIbb Hny I'lckorlng, of Fornlo, Ih
vlBltlng Mrs, .Musiirovo.
a solution
the ex-Minister of the Interior;In an
editorial remarkable for its shallow
treatment of a deep subject, advices
"buying early" as a solution fog a problem of class war, a problem of the interests of the individual as,opposed to
those or the ■ community; a problem
.touching the. grave'matter of the ownership of the earth itself. This" from
the newspape^ medium of the man
whoVwas one-time the trustee of the
people of Canada in the administration
of tho most valuable estate ever owned
by a'nation. "Buy early" as a.solu-
tiom for'the-coal difficulty-'is as sub-
Oliver defence .editorials.—Town Topics,' Edmonton.     ;*
:■'■   .    \"fc    . .       .'LAND,OF COAL
' The coal shortage predicted all over
the prairie shows,,  as   nothing else
can,.'the. fallacy of alienating  these
necessary natural resources to a few.
members of the community. ,In a territory moro liberally provided with tlie
carboniferous-heater than any part of
the Dominion, if not- the world, peoplo
nre likely to,freeze to death.     While
this disnster ls imminent, a fow lords
of tho earth sit tight on tholr conl'
proporties nnd tnlk  of  "bursting tho
miners' organization."     Town Topics
hns never yet seen tho schedule of
wages for mining which would mnko
the underground work or n minor look
good to us,,nnd therefore   nro   completely in sympathy with .the men.   A
growing fooling in favor or Iho collective' control of nntural rcBourcos, with
collective operation for uso and not
for profit, will sprond, and in spreading will bo adopted by oven tho most
Consorvntiv'o cltlzciiB, If tlio mlno-own-
oi'B' foolish policy of strike continues.
—Town Topics, Edmonton.
Turkey wllh Itnllnn dressing Is not
very prominent on tho dally bill of
faro, but from recent. roporlB there Ib
n row on In (ho crockery department,
Judging by tho rattling of China's
rlofiol., Canton nny full any moment
and Hankow's pinto Is In Jeopardy, ns
tho rebels tpatrlolH ir thoy mmcood)
lire nrier tho mini, ns (hoy miiHlcrcd
., ,   - tholr forces ntrongly to mnko a do-
Mrs. and Mrs. Wntfi-s wont to Pin- jiermliioil iisuiaull on tho "ilouqli" ho
cher Creek.,on Hiimlny lo visit tholr j thnt ore long tho hnnd will piny tho
llttlo daughter In the Kermurlir Con-; cIiihhIc (uno "Thero'll bo n Hot Tlmo
vont' ' '" iho Old Town To-nlKbt
.♦ ♦ ,♦'. ♦; ♦ ^. ,♦-.♦„♦;♦ 4 +.
Oa Friday morning, the 13th inst.,
Joseph' Krall met with- a serious "accident at his home. It appears from
all accounts that the, injured man had
found a parcel in the cellar.which contained powder, unknown to"him, and
whilst opening same;'some,! ashes fell
from" his pipe causing it to* explode.
The unfortunate man lost three of'his
fingers' and is also liable to loose an
eye.     ,
James and Robert Yates have returned to camp for a trip in the hills after
big game. - Jim got a grizzley bear
and Bob a ram's head.
Thomas McGovern left Wednesday
morning for Fernie, from which place
he will start on a hunting trip'with
the Gorrie Brothers.
Messrs. Porter,, Davis and John
who have just returned from the hills,<
from a hunt, in which they killed three
Welshmen (goats), gave a dance Wednesday night to celebrate the .occasion.
The C. P. R. are busy fencing in
the railroad.track. If much more,of
this-is done.the only place that Michel-
ites will have the privilege to go will
be "straight,up." , . 7.
A car load of something that might
have bee*n, coal was.unloaded for the
bank here last week. It did not come
from.Michel, but we presume from'a
camp quite handy, as* there is quite .a
lot of dirt up there. -
'..Mr. James Bailey is "in. town once
more recuperating liis health. Here's
a go, boys; good luck, Jim!
Steve Kora'ch "whilst hunting in the
vicinity of Frank Zwick's Ranch, up
the. Elk River, last Friday,' met' with
a serious accident. ■ The unfortunate
man had put a rabbit up and in getting
on a log to get a better view of it, fell,
and in falling, the gun', was discharged,.the charge entering his'side. '    ','
The unfortunate man was brought to
town in a rig by Mr. 'George Spencer,
where he was .attended to by .Dr.
-'Shaw. At the- present time of writing there are no hopes held for his
recovery. '-
■ ;Miss M. Briscoe-returned Wednes-
where she has been visiting friends.
A certain person in town this' week
was frequently heard to remark ."I'll
not go out with Millett any more!"
It's reported here that whilst the''
Corbln boys were'holding a meeting to
pick a delegate tb attend the recent
convention held in Lethbridge, that
some coal dump official climbed on
the roof and tore, it off. .We are not
surprised.    Dirt is cheap in Corbln.
Charles Carver, of New. Michel, left
last,Sunday for Rod Deer, Alberta, on
a visit to'his brother-in-law., Charlie
will come back if anything in tho shape
for a fight is forthcoming.   .
Messrs. George Pino nnd James
Mercer left Inst week for Union Bhy,
Vancouver Island, whoro they hnvo
secured employment.
Mrs, J. L. Stephenson loft Inst week
for tho const to join hor husband, who
has got a position there.
Goorgo, tho Htlo Cnrr child, is dangerously ill, suffering from Inflamma-
(Ion of tho lungB, Tho llttlo ono hns
to bo watched night and dny. Wo
hope.for a speedy recovery,
Tho Duko of Spnrwood, Mr. Henry
Pryor, whilst returning from a hunting
trip,from tho Elk Rlvor,*wns suddenly
taken III. Tho cause of his sloknesB
wns tho report, brtng given him that
tho Btrlko wns Bottled on tho Gordon
Report. After having partaken of tho
stuff that cheers at tlio Elk flrowory,
which ho reachod'Wlth much difficulty,
with the nld nf bin pnrlnor he was
ablo to proceed home.
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
rt (
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
, Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
'Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34'
Is a soldier to help you in tho
battle , of life. When your
buildings are insured,
You Feel
You know that wood and stone
mny ho destroyed; but n policy
in our coiupu'ny.ls Indestructv
Ible. Whllo tho house Is burning tho policy changes into
Insurance     Real Estate
Rut on twigging another, ho turned
qulto pale!
"How tho »*♦•* did thnt Kot thoro?
Thon he. gave tho bunch an awful
Ho'b tried to guess, but nono can toll
Who performed tho dooil atrocious and
Our Archie made the type up neat—
You've seen how neat Is the \M%trr'»
front sheet
Itut In his «*ftl to filk-d to note
A our thnt bin wvff mo<1*<ity nmntrt
He raved at the Devil, to no avail.
I' #^iiyyt 7, :.•;■-■■••:',•-■•■'.
New Michel
& Blairmore
SCENE FROM «MAOAME SHERRY  * at the Op.rli  House, Wednesday, October 25th, 1911. Trvrrczr
>»*£.; 4&)
*J**jVft MM 7W*"<H «-4MCVK*
•?f S.V'.iy
■f-^SW--'"'^'. j,
^~,^ ,7^ .  .,-
paceb sec
A Warning to Coal Mners
5 The Lesson to be Learned From the Explosion at Mineral. Kansas/ in a "Nongaseous" Mine. •
,   . ,The recent disaster following a gas
.explosion in mine No. 16, at Mineral,
, Kans., where five lives were lost on
account of an erroneous belief on the
part of both operator and miner, com-
pelys me to issue a warnlg to all other
pels me to' issue a warning to all other
similarly situated. I do this in the
hope that ultimately lives and property
may be saved. We have no state law
directly throwing any responsibility on
me in this and similar cascB, but there
is a higher law of human love and human sympathy which in a degree will
condemn me if I remain quiet. • The
explosion occurred about 5 o'clock on
Saturday afternoon, March IS, 1911.
The day's work had been completed
and three shot firers went below to
fire tbe shots. One of them reached
the surface with aimost no injury, but
the other two were killed. As soon
as it was known that something had
gone wrong the superintendent, Mr.
Joplin, with two assistants, rushed below, whereupon another explosion oc-
. curred which destroyed their lives.
Previous to this no explosion had occurred in this mine, nor in this immediate vicinity.    It was confidently be-
" lieved by Superintendent Joplin, and
' by all the miners, that no gas whatever existed in the, mine.     The mine
, floor was usually wet and muddy, so
that they believed thero could be no
danger from dust explosion. With
these beliefs' firmly fixed   in    their
' minds, apparently no special precaution was ".used or had been used to
guard against explosions. Every one
underground carried ordinary lamps,
because there was no danger from explosion. Even when,Mr. Joplin and
his party went to the rescue they did
not carry safety lamps, the belief in
,' safety  . from    explosion    being    so
. thoroughly fixed in their minds. When
I visited the mine a few days later I
found an abundance of safety lamps
. belonging to cthe -company,    showing
- that Mr. Joplin might have provided
: himself with them had he deemed it
,  necessary, or even advisable.
Mine No. 16 Is fairly well developed,
and'.at this time was worked to the
- uorth of the shaft. , The old and abandoned mine No. 7 lies to the north and
i northwest of shaft No. 16.    Prom the
,   feet to .the north, then 700 feet east,
then 900 feet north.    Throughout this
" last 900 feet two main entries had been
driven about 30 feet apart,* with only
•  a 'few doorways cut through the coal
between them.    Seventeen rooms had
.^ been developed on the outside of each
.,, of these entries.     Two of the shot
firers presumably went together.to the
extreme north end of these two entries,
when one of them began firing tho
shots in the-rooms lying'east of the
east entry and the' other one began
firing shots in the rooms to the west
, of the west entry.    If they had worked
i  with equal speed the two should have
come out at the south end of these
two entries about tho same time.   It
bo happened, however,' that tho shot
firer on tho east outran his companion,
and had fired tho shots in all 17 of his
rooms before the explosion occurred,
while his companion had completed firing only the shots ln the north 11 of
. his 17 rooms.
Now, it seems that tho flrBt'Bhot
for tho east ontry broke through into
tlio old workings of mine No. 7, and
this Is what caused the disaster, It
Is reasonably sure that explosive gases
had accumulated in mine No. 7 during
tho tlmo It had been Idle and that these
gases rushed through tho opening
mado by the first shot nnd mixed with
tho fresh air in mine No. 16. and that
tho shot flrer, on account of his speed,
was ablo to havo traveled tlils entire
000 feet before tho southward migration of tbe explosive gas overtook him,
Hut finally it did overtake him and was
Friction on tho hemorrhoid volns
that aro swollon, Inflamed and gorfied
with blood, Is what causes tho tor-
rlblo pnln and stinging -ana smarting
of pile*. Zmn-Uuk appiloti at night
will ho found to glvo gad* boforo
morning. Thousands of 'torsnnt havo
proved this. Why not bo guldod by
tho oxporlonco of others?
Mr. Thomas Pearson, of Prince
Albort* Stink., wrltna: " r must thank
you tor the bonoflt I havo rorelved
from Zarn-fluk. Last summor 1 suffered greatly from piles, I stnrtod
to uco Kam-Uuk and found It gave
mo relief, bo I continued It, and af'.or
lining throo or four bom I am
pleased to say It has offoctod a com*
Mr. 0. A. nufrnnnfl, 1 RIM HI"' Rt,
Joseph Biroot, Bt. Koch, Quoboe, P.Q.,
writes: " I can highly recommend
Kam-riuk to everyono who suffers
from plies."
Magistrate Banford, of Weston,
King's Co., N.8., says: "I suffered
long irorn itching- piles, but'/nm-Uuk
has now cured mo." '
Mr. William Kenty, of Upper Nine
Mllo It Ivor, Hants Co., N,8„ says: " I
suffered torrlbly from pllns, tho pain
it times being almost unhoarablo. I
tried various ointments, but everything I tried fulled to do me the
slightest good, I was tired of trying
various remedies, when I heard of
"Zani-Iliilc. l:\Z iuuukIiI aa a Uit vu-
souk* I wonh] give this balm a trial.
After n vory short tlmo Zam-Duk
etfocied * complete cure.''
Zam-Ituk (s alio a sure euro for
skin Injuries nnd diseases, ooiema,
nlt*r*i, farifote vrtn*, tale, bams,
bruises, chaps, cold not**, ote. Mr.
bo* nit drnggist* nnd stores, or post
frM from Zam-Unk Co., Toronto, for
prlro.   Hofuso harmful Imitations.
Try Zam-Oiik Soap, 25c. tablet.
ignited either by a flame from one of
the last shots he fired,or by the open
lamp which he carried.-7
Mine No.'7, the same as No.-'W, was
supposed to"have,been entirely7fr«e
fromgas, and further was a wet mine,
sb that there could be no danger from
dust explosion. ,The coal wasreached
in No. 16 at 60 feet from the surface,
while at shaft No. 7 it was 110 feet
from the surface. The point of meeting of,the two mines ne^r'where the
explosion occurred was approximately
midway between the two shafts. The
floor of the old mine, No. 7, therefore,
rose approximately 25 feet from the
foot of the shaft to the wall which was
oroken through by the shot above described. No. 7 had been abandoned
for years, during which time it had
filled with water considerably more
than enough to form a water joint
at the foot of the shaft. In this way
the air and gas In the mine southeast
of the shaft was carried southward
toward mine No. 16. How much pressure would be generated by this process as the water gradually accumulated-In mine No. 7, which in point of
fact I have not yet learned.ln detail
However, it is well known that the
water was a number of feet deep
and subsequent events showed that the
air and gas were under pressure, probably at least 2 or 3 pounds per square
inch above that of the air in mine No.'
16. .
As time passed after the shot'the
pressure in the old mine would gradually become reduced by the escape of
gas and air. into No. 16, and ultimately
would become" the same. in the two
We know first, that with comparative suddenness conditions were changed throughout the northern part of
mine No. 16 so that a number of explosions occurred. , Mr. Gilday, State
Mine Inspector, was called from Pittsburg, and reached1- the mine about 2
o'clock Saturday night. Immediately
he went below and worked his" way
northward, ultimately reaching , the
fade at the northern extremity, < and
found-the opening which had been
broken through into the abandoned
mine No. 7. His statement is that at
this time, fully "7 .hours after, the ex-
.■*\1 rk.il ji*-k_^l-ij-y_Pj"i1i*i*1 _n _V» ji1ji_ iYiswtvt-ft'Vwwtj^v't   .
"pauoiviij-uxj   lvuuu   i»"uwi'ot' iuci cujiyi wai—
mately 8 to 12 inches wide .and- from
3 to 4 feet long through' which air
was rushing so rapidly that it was
with the greatest difficulty he could-
stop up the hole by any means at his
command. ' He UBed' canvas and hay
and anything he could get^ hold ,of In
the mine, and finally succeeded in hold
ing these obstructions against the opening and piling masses of coal against
them until practically no further exchange of air occurred. He suspected
at once that this was the cause of the
trouble and made arrangements to
clear these northern parallel entries of
gas as rapidly as possible by shifting
the direction of the air and by Increasing tho action of the fans.
As late as Tuesday afternoon, Mar,
21, substantially 72 hours after the explosion, some natural gas was still lingering In theso entries.     A careful
examination  of  the  ground   showed
that tho oast ono of tho two entries
was swept cloan by tho onrush action
of the air at the time,of tho explosion,
while tho west one showed decidedly
w]cb8 effect of tho oxploblon.   The mlno
inspector reported that during Saturday night and'Sunday, from tlmo to
tlmo, when In the west ono of tho two
parallel entries, ho would forco the
canvas nway a little at a doorway con-
neollng tho two entries and would Insert his safety lamp a foot or moro
into tho east ontry, through which ho
now had a strong current of nlr drlvon
by tho fans, and that for more than
24 hours alter he reached tho scqno
the lamp showed that there wns sufficient gas In the east entry to bo dan-
gorous.   ,IIo also found from theBe
and other similar tests thnt tho amount of gas tn tho east entry gradually
dlmlnUhod until tho conditions wero
reached, as already   mentioned,   on
Tuesday afternoon, tho 21st.
It wns early tests of thin character
which determined tho mlno Inspector's
actions, to force free nlr northward
Into the west ontry as rapidly as possible, and carry It entirely to tho north
wall of tho mine, then carry It through
to the east entry and force It back
south, hoping In this way to carry
out of tho mlno tho gases which had
entored tho east entry in such large
quantify, The mine Inspector acted
with tho best, of Judgment in the wny
fclo locatod tho seat and cause of the
I.M.Il! -  -     % I . . II, ...II., 1
»«..,*.,.,.,       M..M       *,*       -».V       ... t,...V. ,/       ,,C      V.IM*
ployr-fl for flpht'nf' lh<» difficulty.
During the period between the first
explosion and thi> tlmo Mr. Joplin and
his associate* reached tho south end
of tho ennt entry, ti fronh nmoimt of
supply store In No, 7 nnd wns mlsod
with fresh nlr supplied hy tho fans
to tho extent of producing an explosive mixture, so that tho lamps which
Joplin and his associates carried caused this second explosion.
The fundamental error made bv
*v/ry ono connecfM with nr'ne No 7
tirid mine No K Is the as«umpt'on
th.it no explosive go's would accumulate in either of these two mines. This
error la the one which has called for
thl« Jir**W5' Ir+pftTt, I with to +i»-
phnntnc with nil th* p»mw nt my command that nobody has any right ever
to assume that'dangerous gases will
not Accumulate in t, coal mine.    An
historical stud^r reveals the fact that
"firedamp"- or natural gas/'is liable to
occur ln any coal mine.     !        '     .'
Any] abandoned mine of any nature
whatever,,which has prop timbers or,
any organic rubbish,'sooner or later
becomes dangerous. The danger is
vastly greater, if the mine 'is in stratified rocks,and in any way connected
with coal or carbonaceous shale.
Apply this to old shaft No. 7, a mine
which1 while being worked either gave
no gas or so small an amount that the
ordinary ventilation kept the mine free
from dangerous quantities. The same
mine is abandoned and in the course
of time is opened up under such' peculiar conditions that the air and gas are
found to be under extraordinary pres-.
sure. Here are two elements of dan-
ger-^-one from gas and the other from
the extraordinary, pressure , under
which it exists. „
It is recommended that no one ever
assume that any coal mine ls free from
fire-damp, or natural ■ gas. It is a
most dangerous assumption. A mine
may have1 so small an.amount of firedamp in it that ordinary methods
of ventilation will prevent Its becoming dangerous while ventilation is kept
up to a proper degree. , Any shot at
any time ln any mine is liable to break
into a gas reservoir and permit a dangerous amount of gas to rush into'a
mine. This has occurred over and
over-egain in Kaiea^ and elsewhere.
But 't is vastly more dangerous to assume that,an abandoned mine, or an
abandoned part of'a mine being, operat
ed will remain free from gas. Don't'
make such an assumption.
It is recommended that all mine operators at once make provisions for
relieving the air pressure in all abandoned mines which are at all likely to
be broken into by development in adjacent mines. This can be done easily, and cheaply by drilling one or more
holes from the surface into the part
of the abandoned mine where the roof
is the highest. Suppose, for example,
that a 6.-inchhole had been drilled
from the surface into the abandoned
part of- mine TNo. 7 at Mineral. , Then
accumulation'■ of water In the mine
could not have caused this extra pressure in the air left in the abandoned
n-i^j-cmvi-»o n-icouiii-cicu -vuuugli-iuo'
gas were there it would not have
rushed through into mine-No. 16 the
way itvdld, and therefore the explosions could not have occurred. Care
should be taken to drill these vent holes so that they will tap the abandoned
mine at places where tbe roof is the.
highest, and a large drill bit should be
used, so as to make a large hole;; not
less than 6 Inches and larger if possible. .The drill hole should be cased
so it. will remain open permanently.
Now, as natural gas Is lighter than
air, the gas which Js likely to accumulate In all abandoned mines will escape first through the drill hole, and
later Biich.alr will escape as ls necessary \o prevent an excess pressure,
should water enter the mine, This Is
a simple remedy, and I tear on account
of Its simplicity, will not appeal to
operators and miners as it should. Hut
I consider it important, ns^iuman llfo
and human properly are valuable..
"i '•
AU operators And all miners should
require a drill hole to bo kept ln rd-
vnnco of development whorovor development approaches an abandoned
mine. This has been enacted.. Into
law ln many states on account of tho
well-known fact that gases do accumulate In abandoned mines. Had it boon
obeyed In this case enough gas would
have rushed through tho littlo drill
hole to give, an alarm, and moro than
likely the explosions would not havo
occurred.—Erosmus' Haworth, Stato
Geologist, of Kansas, in Minos nnd
Official Ballot
Election of Officers
"v-?ibist:lNib;':i8. ;'
Wt- /.„.<■-
■^      .-
'.-J  "..-.J,
^For President
Vote for One
For Vice President
For Secretary-Treasurer
CARTER, , A.   J.
.■wf-Vj ;'i-iV- -,T;i
'Ci.V.'.'fi  ,,,,w'l:
is $13,743. "In 1910 the average
cost was $13,143; an- increase is
therefore.shown In the cost of these
food supplies' as a whole, amounting
to f 600," or...4.56' per .cent. ";," Of ."the
fifty ^articles which appear on , the
liBt, thirty^six Bhdw decreases, arid
faux teen, show increases. ..   !
The preponderance -of-I'increaaas
over, decreases, notwithstanding the
much greater number of the former,
is due entirely to a* remarkably, great
advance ln the price of new and old
potatoes, Y*blch averaged .. $904 and
$239 more' per bushel, respectively!
in 1911 thariiri 19io: Excluding
potatoes from" the bill the comparisons-would show a net reduction in
last year's prices for "the entire bill
amounting to $543, or 4.13,per cent.
The average yearly earnings' of all
classes of labor, skilled and unskilled,
including men, women' and minors,
employed in manufacturing Industry
in New Jersey for 1910, the ; latest
wage,statistics available, was $531.04,
which,was an increase over the previous year of $15.37, or 2.97 per cent.
A further blow to consumers may
result when maltsters have studied
the situation in the barley markets.
In some centers the price advanced
as much as 8 cents. This, if maintained' will probably mean increased
cost of material to brewers, and, as
has been the history of previous similar conditions, ;,the smalled-slzed beer
glasses may again become popular
with saloon-keepers. * :.
For International Board Member
, Vote for One   ' " ,
JOHN BARBER, D.D.8., L D 8.,',
7"    DENTI8T,   -
Office: Hondartoh Blbok, Fernie, B.C.
Hours: 8.30 to 1j 2 tor5„
.   Residence:'21, Tlctorla*;Avenue.
' * l
* J
'    -4'
W.R. RotsK.C. W. Si,Lane
M. A. Macdonaid.
. ■". ■ k -\, y   - ''
R088, MACDONALD and, LANE   "
„•-''•   ' 1 •       7,7   ' '  ,' -'••'7 >
Farnia, B. C.„7  7 '" Canada.
,       ,    *   L. P. ECK8TEIN 7
v". ,   .;-'- ■■ ■"''■'"7 - ...
'     . * Barrlster-'at-Law, Solicitor, "-
)       N .
JONES,   J.   O.
t. r ,   - t
McNAB,- P'.,
u >
F. C. Lawe - ,, Alex. 1. Fisher
„ Fernie, B. C.
The Canadian Pacific Railway was
given millions of dollar's by the Dominion government. „ It - was » given
twenty-five million acres of ;land. It
waB given a completed railway worth
millions of dollars! In consideration
of all these things av clause was put
Iri its charter whereby, 'after ten per
cent was paid on, the capital Investment of the railway, the rates should
be reduced'so"that the.benefit,might'
go to1 the "shippers of the»increased
prosperity of the % country. Last year
the net profits of the C. P. R., exclusive of the, land Bales, were ^over
$36,000,000; Its net prof its are - between seventeen, and twenty per cent
upon its capital. Rates are high on
the road., Last session of Parliament ,*W. F.. Maclean,', M. P., for
South' York, Ont, introduced a- resolution into the House of Commons,
calling for the ^ investigation of the
C. P. R., and.the fulfilment of the
ten per cent profit-clause-In its
see the C.P. R'.'ls a great profit sucker and why "should'capitalist M. P.'b
stop the operations, of the., capitalist
system?—Cotton's Weekly.
- (Ed.—Oh, where;,.oh, where were
the people'B(!) representatives?) ,
t   ' ,._      ,*
i ** ^ *
.-".'A. McDougall, Mgr   ,  ;*
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
For rDistritt Board Member
7    .      SUB-DISTRIOT No. 1
. <,i
GRAY,   J.  W.
Vote for One   i   ,
Voto for Ono
The paid-up capital Invested In tho
railways of the United Kingdom
amounted ln 1010 to .CI,316.1516,000,
having Increased by slightly moro
thnn four million sterling on tho
figures for 1900, Tho not earnings
out of which dividends wero paid
amounted to £47,360,000, nn increase
of £2,222,000, or 4.9 por cent on tho
year before.
This was tho not result of an In-
crense In both receipts nnd expenditures, says Engineering. Tbo traffic
receipts, the highest on record, showed an Increase of three nnd n half
millions sterling, the amount being
114.2 million pounds, of which £f>2,-
7*"0 flrtft fnmfl from rw«n/tnri'Ai>n    trrtffli*
and the remaining stoty-onit nnd ft
half millions from goods.
The number of passengers carried
exclusive of season ticket holders,
was 1,300,720,000.    There was a largo
lr,r**A*\nn   !t>    ♦Via   h.An«.t(Afl    nf   ffc'rfl-
class passengers .chiefly duo, perhaps,
to tho action of the (treat Western
Railway In doing away with Its second
class sarvlco on long-distance trains.
This would not account, however, for
the total Increase of 44,000,000 In tho
number of third-class passengers.
The trdjtfht rerflpts a train mllo aro
tho highest on recorJ for 1011, being
about 05 pence, compared with about
71 peiiio* for fen years previously.
LEES,   Wm.
Voting on Tuesday, Deoenibor 12tb, 1911
Cost of Living Takes
"nat the *\mt,f\o tor the <»mp1«t4»
InfftM'rlsT fmnnrloatlon of Ik* w*ir«
worker will go on until the wealth
producer shall recetvo his own."—T.
h. Lewis.
TRI-3NTON( N. J.—Agaln tho p.rlco
of foodstuffs ls soaring, and now It
wni',4 U-o.-c iuiu 'i <*vl 4. IV«   (iC-Ud »(>\)
to set a meal. And tho ond Is not In
sight. It Is said that prices will soar
still higher.
Wheat and flour have advanced to
sky-high prices. Oats, too, aro way
up, Coffeo nnd sugar nro again raited a notch. The same thing applies
to nil ff/odstiiffs. i
Tho report or the Bureau of Statistics of New Jersey for 1011 which
is now nearlng completion, will show
for a list of fifty-two selected articles
of food supplies which prevailed fn
the principal eltlM and towns of the
state during the n/onln of Juno, 1011.
The snmo inquiry lias been a feature of the annua) report of tbe bureau
each yonr since 1808,    Tho rulo hns
nlfto been strictly ndhored to of hav-
i--. it i-.. ii ... ,m. i i... ji , ,,,.,
...fe    >*..V    ytv-.^,    «»A..«»    M'.-**-   "4     U.*-v   .!..,...%.
dealers each year, and always tho fig-
urea quoted nre thoso that prevailed
during the month of June.
Tho practlco has been to make
comparisons of tho prices each year
with thoso of the Immediately preceding year, and alio to compare
them with those reported for 1808.
thus showing the Increases of each
year, and also tho aggregate of tho
snmo for an Increasingly longer .period, which now amount* to thirteen
years. A clear chart showing the
trend of food cost throughout the
state Tt thus furnished.
The averge cost of tho entire Wit
of goods throughout the entire stale
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross ft Mackay E»
Bar Unexcelled
Ail White Help
, Everything 1
Call in and
see us once
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer.
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoe*
Gents' Furnlthings
Stanley St. - Nelson
* ■
Dsst Psmlly and Working, man'*
Hotel In City; nicely furnished
rooms with Bath. Bed*, 160c.
each, meals, 38o.
A Union House
Prep, J. 8. BAR RATT
Dr. de Van's Female Pill*
A filtibU Preach ngnUtortwmf UIU. Thau
pilit ttt tttuAiatti powerful Is rcfuuttof IM
fWMratlv* portion oTtita t*m»)t> nntem. R»'b»«
U\ etivip Imttutoat. *>*• <*• Vm>* «r« Mill tt
ttttMS.ArihrMlnirlta MtlMloanytjM/«f*.
•th* fMtell tirwir Co., HI. OttltwriAM, Out
For 8»le at Blessdell's Drup; Store,
Lliard Local Qeneril Teamitere No,
141. Mooto ovory Friday ulght at
8 p, tn. Minors' Union Hall W.
A Worthlngton, President; B. J,
Good, Socrotary.
KUrtendere' Local No. 8141 Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p,m. Beer*
tary J. A. Qouplll, Waldorf Motel
Qladttone Loeal Ne. 2814 U. M. W. A.
Moete 2nd and 4th Thursday Miners
Union ball.    )). llees, 3e\
' ir *•- «r"""-'  *»»•••' '»■•• -<«-<       u>*--*-»*
last Saturday Id oach month at thb
ledger Office, A. J, Buckley, Sec
Local Pernio No. 17 8. P. of 0. Moote
In Miner* Union Hall every Sunday
nt 1.46 p.m. Kvoryliody welcome, D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Amalgamated Society Carpentere and
Joiners.'—Meet In Miners Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P, 0.207.
United Brotherhood ef Carpentere and
Joiners-—Local 1220. D, J, Evan*,
President; P. 11. Btrnw, Secretary,
■ar-w   H^"-' -«i.i *>'.
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7%e Week's News -for/
Our Foreign Brothel
•.     DOPISI \
. ' . 7. Fernie,-'B.'C.; 26. Sept,. 1911.
Cenjeno uredniityb; —7 ;
"; Kakorje "blio 2e enkrat preje poro-
cano v.Prbletarcui sb'vsi premogarjt
spadajbci  ped .18;. distrlkt U. M. W.
; of A. sklenill, da se's 1, aprilom t. 1.
perneha z delom, iter so premogarskl
baroni kratkomalo zavrgll opravlcene
zabteve premogarjev. Ta bo] je So
danes v vsl mod in polnem tlru.
7     Ienevrilo se je Strajku le par slabot-
..noiev, in Se tl c'ucajl so bill le " v.
malih naselblnah.     ObnaSanje Straj-
° "karjev je obcudovanja vredno;  tako
mirno Je vse naokoll, da so pollcajl, ad-
vokatl, zdravnlkl ln pogrebnlkl skoraj
, hrez dela,   , To je zanlmlvo zlaatl z'ato
ker  se JcapitallstlCno  casbplsje  tru-
dilo na vse naclne, da bldokazalo, ka-
"kSna drhnal so, strajkarji. , Za tako
taktnost nl vzoren'red je prlplsatl na-,
■ jve5 dejstvu' da je veclna stra'jkarjev
starlji, premogarjev, kl so bill / preje
vposlenl v premogovih rovlh v Ang-
. lljl, Skotskem In.Walesu;  da so ,tu
7-Francozje s Severa, Belgijcl Iz vellkh
■"' premogovnih okrajev'v Belglji, Italljanl
b Severa, kakor tudi Iz juznlh prenio-
garsklh pokrajln. Neincl iz West Falloa
/"Cehi, Slovene!, Ogri, .-.Rutencl, Syedl,
.^.Crnogorcl, Poljakl, Finci'in celo Kitajci
-<imajo svbjo zastopano Stevilo,v   '  " •_.;
, Pred kratkemse je-vrSil v Calgary,
Alberta, strokovnt kongres.s    Na tem
' kongresu se je zakljucijo, da se razpise
na clane ,io centov" posebnega. ases-
7 menta:   ,-Ta korak se je stdrll vsled
;, sledeeega.'       ;.,.,'    '
' Pred nekaj letl nazaj, ko so bile dve
( etranke tako politlcnb razdeljene, da
-' so njlh mo6l izkoflstlli v svoje namene
" tedanji trije sbciallstl, kl so bill v par-
' Mamentu In so predloilll nafirt, ki dolo-
ca, da dbbl ysak delavec, kl se pohabl
all usmrti v podjetjlh 1,500. dolarjev
odBkodnine. 7 Ta' prediog , je' postal
- ysled razkosanostl starlh dyeh strankl
zak'on. -Posledlca tegaje blla, da se
je' ta naredba upoSteyala in da se je
. dedicem - ppnesrecenlh delavcev izpla-
cevalo to avoto brez kaklh ugoyorov.
, -Toda nastoplli so Veliki polltlcni' pre"-
"' obrati "vdeiell nl stara, konaervativna
; stranka ■ je. prisla y ■ parlamentu zopet
do svoje, Btare mocl,, tako da je blla
' prosta zopet vsakega soclallstiCnega In
"' llberalnega vpllyaV " V tem Casu pa je
eluibl neke> ugledne premogarske druz-
bo vokraju Brltlske Columblje, podv-
- , zel akcljo proti tej odredbl ln razlagal
., ta zakon y takl lucl, da- bl, ako bl bll
, po njegovem razlaganju  predrugacen,
- zgubll vso veljavo.za,delavce, ki nisb
pristojni v bkraj, Brltske Columblje.
'' Razlaganje tega zakona po.tem' ad-
vbkatu je tako,, da bl bill do te pod-
pore, ozlroma zapuBclne opravlcent le
tlstl delavci.kl spadajo legalno v ta
■'Q. Ml smo ze preje /j'ldell, da bo tuka-
J5nl delavcl razne i.^rodriostl, In da bl
vsled te railage postal ta zakon v ten
.  smlslu zelo malo vreden za tukajsne
1    delavce. ,•■','_
Z namenom,,da se zaCne proti akclja
te necuvenb,, razlago zakona, s katerb
se strlnjata Se dva vl&ja BOdnlka, je
etrokovnl kongres doloCU, da so ra'zplse
po deset centov asesmenta,
Cela zadeva Je nnmr«8 sedaj v rokah
.' apelnega sodlficav AngllJI In bo prl-
cakujo odloka o tej zadovfenkrat v
roarcu prlhodnjega leta. Zelell bl) da
bl obvoBtlll vse starokrajske llste, s
katorlml stojlto v. zvezl, naj opozore
svoje eitatolje glede teh razmor v Can-
adl, kajti razne — po angloskth kaplt>
allstlh ln vlaidl placano agenture, paro-
brodno ln druge -r plfiojo In vabljo b
flladklral., besedantl o dobrosrcnostl
angl. vlade ln kapltalistov, da bl zva-
blll film voc ljudstva v Canado, kjor
' oe bajo cedl zn dolavstvo mod ln mloko
•—J. W, Bennett.
. So bsoba hotila za howoryty do, Are-
szale win,naB6 wldpowiw do klluer-
nyka.-   .„    . , ■    •'■>..    •-, .     -    -
Yaje ubijnyk ale neniozu howorty zl
Skebom inbj Win nedumoje srerojato-
klj^crolowlk jak*:wln hoc,ja.ubijnyk
skeb-skeb. , "Wozmy jeho. zwltsy ojak
nie to budu widpowldoty za dwl OBob'l.
Scroro ja zrobyw tozrobywsjak crolo-'
wile; zIzIob tyw'lnjhto neskare-Brcro-ja
zlJ8row tok nyBkb, ar Brcrbb domeny
Bkeb howoryw. Towarysrl srerbr wy
dumajebe nase srerob. crolowik kotrlj
toke"„ zrobyw' I kardej den dumoje
OBObl abosrybyaycleahle to:krimlnol
nacaly rijtie. A. odnok swojiu prowy-
nu neklaw do seho skeba. Robltnyky
cry warn ne UBtyd no tomaty strajk.i
braty na sebe toke pohane toke nur-
denne 1 srkarcdne slowo skeb oj je
was.dosyt tu w.tlm hosrlm srtrojku a
budete pewnl srerowy ' to honorowy
slowo budete nosyty ar do eamojl
smerty 1 jak kotrlj zwar nowlt y umre.
Ahtbs ucruje 1 bude pytoty hto pomer
a toj toj skeb adruhlj iskore aby wln.l
ne ustaw. Robltnyky wze cros srero-
bysty,' ruzumlty,to solwo toz jeh kotlw
was.noz waty robltnykomy koly ny-
moru to musru skebom bo 1 noksre
newypadaje."  ,-' ■"
Was! Robitnyk' znokomlj.  • ■
Des Tra'vaux de Mines
■'•Jv ^
► Alle     eteenkobl 7 mljncrtj '.♦
► worden verzocht-weg te' bllj- ■"*♦
► ven van Alberta enj,Eastern   ♦
♦ British,. Columbia, i daar.,,;de,. . °
*► werkstaking mog rilet Isrop   ♦
► gcheven. '      - ,<"     •■-'£■' ♦
Pldwotyela I ekarlt axezoi na sebe—
8keb.—8kszaw Yubljnyk
am*—w II
Paru den monulo jak kllkoh llndej
wlddwlduwnly swojlh znakomyh w
Yaznyey Ohio, Columbus, kotrl wld
buwaly swlj czas za jakus Icaru, .
Ikllucznyk porowodyw7 tyh llndej
croroj! totl Dlury hdo sodlly nresrtant'
nyky'l Jak roz podyboly odnoho nrytr-
tantny ko kotrlj znaw odnoho syh lln-
doj srcro za osobn,
L'air atmospherique que nous re-
splrons est compose, comme on le salt'
de 69 parties d'azote et de 21. parties
d'oxygene, ainsl que d'une'petite quanr
tlte d'aclde carbonlque, evaluee a un
mlllleme. ■'    -   '
L'alr dans les travaux. souterralns
de mines, au cbntralre, eBt compose
non seulement d'air atmospherique,
m'als aussi de gaz, qui se degagent des
travaux de deho'ulllement" en cours
d'execution, comme aussi des.anclens
travaux," de manlere que l'air des' travaux de mines est toujours vlcle.
I! est d'allleur8 reconnu que les gaz
qui se degagent ordinairement de.cea
travaux Bont; l'azbte. l'aclde carbonlque et l'hydrogene carbone, trols corps
nuislbles lorsqu'lls entrent;' en . trop
grande proportion dans l'air des travaux ""souterralns. . -.;/.,,*
lumleres et aaphyxlenf les "personnes
qui les. resplrent, tandis' que la presence du trolsleme est-plug dangereuse
encore pour l'ouvrler mlneur,. a - cause
de sa propriety de B'enflammer;avec
des commotions .d'autaat plus fortes
qu'll exlste en plus grande abondance
en transformant ensulte l'alr dea"travaux en gaz dil^terea.,.,
Jusqu'lcl les moyenB employes pour
aerer les tfavaux,de mlrieB'on't ete.
les chemlnees asptrantes; les foyers
d'appel places a une certalne'- prc-
fondeu'r dans les chemin$eB asplrantes
pour chauffer l'alr eh' etabllssant nlnBl
un system*? do circulation;, l'lntroduc-
tion de la vapeur" pour chauffer Tailr
dans les putts, il'aera'ge. les machines,
pneumatlques piacees sur les puits
d'adrdge, nfin d'asplror, on oBtablisBant
un courant contlnu, l'alr des travaux
Bouterralns; lit vlB,(d*ArehImede pro-
curant Iob raomos fesultnts quo les:
machines asplrantes, etc. '
Toub cob divers moybns eont bases,
les uns eur la difference de, pesanteur
Bpdclflque entre l'alr frold et l'alr
chaud, d'ou'll resulte quo le premier
tend toujours n'dcBcendre et le second
a s'dlovor, ce qui doit otabllr une circulation, tnndla quo les. autrca sont
bases sur la proprldtd do pouvolr otabllr uno circulation en fniednt un vide
que remplaco l'alr venant.des travaux.
L'exporlonco a protivd que tous cos
moyenB, d'uno utllltd incontestable
pour alder la circulation nnturollo do
l'alr dans les travaux houlllore, sont
pour nlnst dlro toujours lnsufflsants
pour lo ronoiivolor complotoment.
"L'azoto, l'ncldo cnrbonlquo ot Thy-
drogono carbond so ddgagont quolquo-
fols avco tan. d'nbondanco, ou tous les
moyonfl ot tons Ios apparells asplrantu
omployds junqu'lcl Bont ItnpulssnntB
pour les omportor, ot la preuvo en rd-
sulto do co quo dans certains pults
d'oxtrnctlon, commo dans certnlnos
gnloi'Icfl BOiitoirnlnos, Ton n ddja con-
stntd non soiilomont uno nssez forte
chnlour, mnls nussl quo In tomboe do
l'alr atmbspherique^tait lnisensible et
sa circulation stagnant*.',-'."    "'.- '    \
Ce fait' ne, demontr^Wl, paB que' la
majeure partie de cette chaleiir ne
peut provenlr que de' la compression
de l'alr et des gaz qui'ie"'degagent,
tant des travaux de dehouillement en
cours d'executlon, que des anclens tri
vaux?, Cette compression est toujours dangereuse, car elle annonce toujours aussi un degagement abondant
de gaz, et' dans cette clrconstance an-
ormale, le moindre contact due feu ou
d'une etlncelle enflamme presque toujours l'hydrogene carbone.
.Cette chaleur que Ton ressent ne
prouve-t-elle pas sufflsammeht que les
moyens d'aerage employes n'emport-
entqu'une partie de l'alr et dea gaz
qui se degagent des travaux souterralns de mines?    n
La compression de l'air et.des gaz
est bieh plus dangereuse. encore lore-,
que les sieges d'extraction sont situes,"
solt dans le voisinage d'anciens travaux qui communiquent avec ces sieges;, solt dans le voisinage de ceux-
dont les communications sont inal
bouchees et dans lesquels aucune" circulation n'est plus etablle; car cette
compression peut alors atteindre" une
telle; force dans ces travaux' aban-
donnes, qu'elle peut enflammer l'hydrogene" carbone et determiner alnsl une
explosion.     .•""".,,   ■ ,','
Ces compressions se prbdulsent par
suite, solt de l'affaissement total ou
partiei du terrain sur' les parties de
couches de"houillees qui n'ont pas et6
remblayees ou dont les remblais n'ont
ete iaits qu'en partie oumal falts, soit
par un ebbulement quelcbnque, ou solt
encore par le degagement des "gaz qui
se melent a l'air que contlennent ces
travaux qui' n'ont plus d'issue.—L'Ouv-
rler Mlneur.
[1M and-
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
slavery    y
I shall add,that, from the experience
of our planters, Slavery la as little advantageous to the' Master as to the
Slave, wherever hired servants can be
procured. A man Is obliged to clothe
and feed his Slave"; and he does no
more for his servant. - The price of
the first purchase is,, therefore, so
the fear, of punishment will never draw
so. much labor' from a- 8lave as the
dread of being turned, off, and not getting another service' will draw from a
freeman.—David Hume. 7
This William was a sturdy youth,' big-
boned, and long o' limb;
Indeed, his ma was much concerned
.'   about the growth of him..
But, like the rest, "she had him dressed
in pinafore and bib.
Though at such clothes Bill cocked his
•", nose and seemed inclined to jib.
In" shrewish tones 'she scolded' him:
"You, bad, ungrateful Willie!'
.; Put on your.frill."
. . "But,' answered Bill,
"It makes a bloke look silly!"   ■
Now, ,jingophine, like other dames of
•'. fussy frilly kind, *
Delighted' to have round her , folk of
, weak and narrow mind.
Pet parsons were her weakness, also
alderman and'those
Who held the very strictest views, and
.wore the nicest, clothes.   ' ' •
They cheered her when she praised her
. •  lord, and listened with a frown  ,
To tales of Bill; and( all agreed he'd
""    have to be "kept down.".
"He is a naughty, child," they said, "a
most precocious brat, 7   1.
To think good Mr. Bull should have an
offspring such as that!"
But-Bill, despite'the sterol rebukes of
aldermen and Wowsers,
I       -'  Defied the crowd,
And shouted loud;
"Shut up 1    I want me trousers I *'      7
7  ;.-'•-   \"     -,   ■  . y
- ... 1 /
Now, in the course of time, John Bull
awakened to the fact.
Tiat,. in'the/interests'of his  sons,
'twas time for him to act'"   "
"My/dear,'.' he said, ^these sons of ours
See stern Oppression's iron grip,
Or mad Ambition's .gory nand,
Sending like bloodhounds from  the
< '""   '      Blip '     7'" •	
Woe, want and murder o'er a land,
Ev'n in the peaceful rural vale;
Truth, weeping, tells   the   mournful
tale, . „„ . •
How pampered Luxury, Flattery by
her side,,. ■ ; ■"
The parasite empoisoning her ear,
With all the eervlle wretches ln tho
'" rear,
Looks o'er'proud Property extended
wide, 7
And eyes the simple rustic hind,
Whose   toll   upholds   tho   glittering
A creature of another kind,    ,
Somo coarser substance,,unrefined,   '
Placed for her lordly use thus far
thus vile, bolow,
—Robert' Burns.
List of Locals District 18
llankhoad ,'  F, Whoatloy, riankhond, Alln.
tlonvor Crock...... P, flnughton, Beaver Crook, via Plnchor
tvilcvMc ..  .  7... 7.r,urtc,13c!!evuc,ri.".:.,.;..V.t.i.
Ttlfllrmrirn  TV ,T. Chnnn, Tllfllrmorc, Mln,
nnrmlB,....  Jos.  nerbyshlro, nurmls, Altn.
Cnrbondnlo........ J, H, Hyslo p, Carbondnlo, Coleman, Alta.    v
Cardiff J, Poolo, Cardiff, Alto.
Cannioro ,,, N. D. Tlmo huk, Canmoro, Alta.
fnlnmrtn    W P,rn1hn»Yit rriiomii, .A!'n,
Corbin J. Twlgg, Corbln, b! C.
Chinook Mines .... Wm. Forsyth, Diamond City, Alta.
Diamond City CharleolOrban, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo.
Fornlo  Thos. Uphill, Fernio, I). C,
Prank  O. Nlcol, Frank, Alta.
. Hoimor ,,. W. Bnldorstone, Hosmer, Tl. C.
Htllcreit..,.,.',.., J, O. .Tones, Illltcrcst, Attn,
Lethbridge L. Mooro, P. O. Box 113, Lethbridge
Lethbridge Collieries Frank Ilarlngham, sec, via., Klpp, Alta,
Lille  W. L. Bvans, Llllo, Frank, Alta
Maple Lest M. (illday. Maple Leaf, Dcllorue, Alta.
Michel  M. nurrell, Michel, B, C.
Monarch Mlno.... Horace Woodleld, Tabor, Alta.
Passburg Wm., Cooke, Passburg,, Alta.
Roy*,*) View Thoe. H. VUher, Hoyal Collieries, lethbridge, Alta
Taber William nnaiell. Taber, Alta.
Taber  A. Pattersoi, Tnber, AIM,
Once on a tlmo, a party by the name of
Mr. Bull
Discovered thnt with many schomoB
bin hands were protty full.
His cares of family woro great.   Four
flno young sons he'd got;
Thoy wero, Indeed, of goodly brood, a
strong and hefty lot,
But Mr. Bull's domestic   cares   (un
shortly will bo soon)
Wero not with thorn, but with his wlfo,
whoso name was .Tlngophlno.
A foolish fad this lndy had that nil
tho boyB woro nlnnlos;
And though thoy grew,
As children do,
She drosBod them all In pinnies,
Now, whllo her boys wore young, John
Lull engaged In business strife—
Took llttlo hoed of their affairs, nnd
loft them to his wlfo;
And Jlngophlne, who lovod her lord,
Impressed thorn, noon and night,
With tnlos of his magnlflconco, hl« wisdom, wealth nnd might.
But whon thoy talked of growing up,
"and helping pa" somo day,
Sh<* utmnlr bnr flniw nt thorn tn imr
stern matornal way,
•'You're pa'B n groat big man," sho
said.    "You novor, novor, Never
Can hope to bo
As big as ho,
Or half so wise and clwer.
Tho boys grow Into gawky lads; but
their good mother still
Insisted thoy woro only babes, despite
the howl of Dill.
We ought to have'a business talk—I'll
' - call, a conference.     "'"    ''" .,» '
They're nearly,ymen; and they must
,learn,'"each-one to stand alone,"
Each with responsibilities, and household of his own.   '   t   ,
They can't'be always at our skirt, like
' like great, big,' awkward gabies."
-'   l   ."Why, Mr. Bull!"    '     . l
.„ She cried.  v"You fool!
Those boys are only babies!"
'      Al     , ' ' 'i
But at the meeting Mr. Bull spoke
plainly to his lads..
"My.sons,',snld he,'"I don't agree with
all your mother's fade.   .
You can't be always little boys; like
1    - othor lads, you've grown; ■-
And now 'tis .time to face' the world,
and learn to stand alone.,
We still remain one family; and none
will fall, I know, >
To aid another In distress, against a
common foe.
Dear"lads, I know, you'll recollect—
despite success and riches—
"Your father still—"
' "Horo, hear!" said Bill—
"Hooray!   I've got me breeches!"
1 ' i t
From,out. that solemn conference Bill
■'   . marched in highest gleo,
With moro respect.for Mr. Bull, now
that his limbs were free.
"Tho old man, he's an all-right Bort,
and talks, sound, common sense,
It's tlmo wo learnod to, act llko mon,
and chuck this fool-protcnco.
Wo've dono with apron'Btrings at lost.
,   But what will Ma say now?.
Hor WowBors and her'aldormon? Lord,
won't thoro bo n row I
They've peckod   nt   me   quite long
enough; It's up to mo to scare 'em,
They'll howl for weeks!
But horo'H mo brooks;
An', sparo mo days, I'll wear 'emI"
Tho WowBors and tho aldermen and
Mrs Jtngophltio
Woro soated In tlio drawing room when
Bill camo ou the- scone.
"He's got 'em onl" a WowBor cried,
"He's disobey"! his ma!
"Holpl  Murder!" shrieked tho nldor-
mon, "He'll kill his pore, dear pn,"
Poll-moll thoy rushed to Mr. null—"Oh,
Sir, thnt drondfnl mill
Ho'll murder you!'    He's stole yor
pants.   Ho's got 'em on 'lm still I
Ht'i! "."cr.r!v.' cf '<vn ll-1'c r, r.'.r.r.!".
"Ah," Mr, null nntrt, • "Tn ho?
There, llmro, good folic,
You've had your Joko,
Now, go nwny • I'm busy."
$100 Reward, $100.
jn» tu<Urt at urn paw «ni bt pl«u«t te tmtt
th*t Itirr* li nl IMH nn* rfrMrtM rfftMw, ih«< Mtnrt
hii b««a itil* lo eur* la til lu lUm, tad thai U
tturrh.   Ukit't aurrb cum t* ih» ooly wmiivt
Cn sow known to th« BMdlMJlnuniltr.  Oturrtt
lat » w«»tltuUc«U Altnm. rMulrc* * w*Ultu-
Utntl irrjiuntviu   IIUIK titunb Cut* I* Wk« In
T>Ttt( un r\nfl Awn tli*» lnrtrt 1hr*y wnnt,
tho Wowsers and tho rout •
And mil, besides the trousers, 'sported
now a coat and vest,
"He's dressln' llko a. manl" thoy shrlok
ed.   "Ho's going to resist!"
His doar kind pal   Ob, who'll restrain
this rank disloyalty?
H*» won't take sopa from 'Is fond mn; ]
'or pore 'arte noarly broke!
Ho's even gone and scoffed at us, an'
tresis ms as * Joke!"
SbKS* V? V*5SWrWI!lf 'tiuW™ An<1" y°u chRnc«io com» ""roes thoso
toun4«llnn ef iho (1l*n», and (Irtar lb* patl»nl
WM«fth bf kutidiif vi> im tamtwiu* *«4 «.mim.
Inc MCur* It (toll-.* lu vort. Hi* bmprwton ha**
m math ftlih In tt« nmitr* nnwfn thnt ih'r •>A>r
UM UuMrmt ItnlUN «if «*r «*> l>ul »* l>U **
nr».  »m4 l«r IIH tl trwlmmUK.
*Mt*m T. t. CHP.MKV * CO.. Wrf*. O,
fWrt Ut HUvnittHU, 11a.
Taka UaU'a fatally i'uia (of cunUwUoo.
aldormon and Wowsers
You'll find them still
Abusing Hill,
Who arlns, and wears tho trousers.
—Sydney Bulletin.
Cjf Advertising that advertises is the
sort desired;"by persons seeking
publicity for their wares.
C]f Selecting the medium is important:—the publication thkt reaches
the people —, the wage-earners—
should appeal to the discriminate
purchaser of space.
Cjf Its  an .easy matter to acquire
space in a7 paper but its another '
point to get adequate returns frbrn
the outlay.
<f Advertisements that sell goods
„ are the ads that .change often and
make interesting reading from, time
to time, giving facts and figures.
C]f Any arrangement of type matter
and words in a paper is not advertising;. A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of information that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your business with the use of Printers Ink:
<f Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
<f Let the new comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
9F The District Ledger has the
largest circulation in the Pass and
should be your special medium to
toll, your weekly story. Ju«t try--
can't tell until you try.
Address all communications to
The District Ledger '■ :&' '     ',
<fi.   '-
:   'y;ry-y7-7;y-yyy--7;^ 7 ?-w*> '<=^y ;:y* yyyy77 yy 7-7^t
"V ,-"--*'"■• *. -7,';7 - :; «-*■ •■-;.',.  \. .y/yv-.y1 ;7-y, yv, 77,:.;\7.,;;. yy
. ?k -
#' .-
4-' -
Company, Ltd.
The Store of Good: Values
For Saturday and Monday
'     , ,        ,^
You will save money and' your table will be sup-'
plied with the'highest quality of food products if
you allow our Grocery Department, to, supply your
wants.    Note the special values offered for Saturday and Monday selling, and get the benefit:
Concord Sardines, 2 tins for ..' ...     25c'.
\ Imported Kippered Herrings; 2 tins for ' 35c'.
Imported Herrings in Tomato Sauce, 2 tins   35c.
, 2 lb. Tins riums       10c. -
Meat of Wheat, 2 pkts for'..' '. \;.,   25c.
Old D.utch Coffee, 1 lb tins. ....... 7 ..'. .7   40c.
■  Shredded Wheat Biscuits, 2 pkts for ......    25c.
1 Toasted Corn Flakes, 3 pkts for '.   25c. '
Post Toasties, 3 pkts for '.'   25ci
-^Fry's Breakfast Cocoa*,' % lb. .tins.,'..... C. r 25c.
3 lb. Tins.Economic Tea  7. .....    90c. "
'Table Raisins, per lb. -,'; ;.    15c..
Unwrapped, Toilet Soap, per doz.7...... 7   45c.
Cabbage, "early stock, 15 lbs. for ....!.....    25c.
Cabbage, Winter keeping, 10 lbs. for 7 .....    25c.
x,Carrots, 12 lbs. for;...".... . 7..     25c.
Turnips, 12, lbs. for . 7"..'.'.   .;'.".:.' .*;'.'...  ' 25c'.'
-Onionsr10.1bs.,for ... .v:....-.''...-. v .*......:,.-. 25c.
Colgate's Talcum Powder .... ,.77. ..v.. .20c.
• Colgate's Dental'Cream *'-. ..'...'. '... 7   15C.
;. Soot Destroyer, 2 pkts for •..".......   25c.
,;Pussell 's Pure Cream for whipping, 3 tins for   25c.,
THE DISraiOT;LKD.gEB, FERNIE, B. O., 0(3TOBEE 21, 1911;
\The-Dominion.Parliament is called
for "Wednesdayi-'Nov., 15th. ''' . ■'    ."
. Doris. Carmichael,-who has been seriously "ill,; is" rapidly recovering. 7 7
:* Two baskefbair clubs "have; been
organized at the' Central School.--':! "'
J. T: Gid.dings, who is located, al
Hlilcrest, was up with his family over
Sunday!   ...   . - ,•  .    .    ."''   ■ '". *j
" You have a chance to pick, off ,v$5
bill at the Isis Theatre .on- Saturday
.(to-night). " '•.-,,'•
Joe Letcher was a recent patient at
the 'hospital, .having undergone ah operation ' on ' his arm;
We are .pleased to announce that
"Miss Stella Mutz is recovering from a
severe selge of'typhoid.
L. McLean, or the local Great Northern'Railway staff, is back from the
coast from his vacation.
Further price concessions   to   move th.e*
balance.of theW. R.'McDougall'shoe.Stock.;..
The Juvenile Bostonians and manage
ment were registered at the Waldorf
durlg their stay in town. • 7 "
The '.Question? of the -Hour—What
became of Fernie's census?     :.J '7
,' The ^annual ■ ball by' the ••Esther. Re-
bekah .Lodge-is* to be held in "November 9th';; Fuller, particulars- wil^ api;
pear later."" .-v •■-.? '•'r    "-**..V-'-f ■S1"7"'1? •'.-'
s An invitation,"has' been'.'sent.'tb.-tW,
Creston^Erlckson- shoot artists'; to 7p'aW'
ticip'ate in "a'contest on.Thauksglvihg
Day;?Oct.-3qth;;7\.7? -.77-7 '-•'*';.
,. Mr. Fred* Klrkpatrick was last heard
of fr?™.New^Westm'l'nster^an(i sUtho'
his.last,epistle1'd6es not bear"the'ad-
dress of "any 7"goyernm'ent\' institution,
we;——   Oh.never-mirid.' 7"   ■-. ;".>l"
A meeting of the Ci'vilian'Rifle Association will be, held-in'the "rooms of
Lawe and Fisher1, on Mondayr,6ct. 23rd
at eight o'clock,' when a'fuil attendance Is, requested. '
Mrs.'J.tW. Quinney was at home on
Tuesday evening to a number of young
friends in honor of her'.sjster, Miss
Lawton, who is paying her a visit from
Calgary.' •
Tho;Civilian Rifle Association will
have their annual shoot oh' Sunday
next, when two cups and a- shield will
be contested for—these are the Athletic and Col. Mason- Cups and' the
Liphardt Shield.
>    •    -- L ;
A special meeting of.Esther Rebe-,
kah Lodge, I. O. O. F., No. 20, is announced for Thursday evening next'at
S.o'clock.( All members are requested
to be present, as business of a very
pressing nature is up for dicussibn.
In1 your own.green garden you'll, find
weeds,   "7 '   '    .
If you will not grub' for yonr neighbor's
their!* seeds.    •"'■>.
.   ', " —Edmund Vance Cooke
Probably one reason why there were
not moret "kickers" present when the
Tax "Commission yisited Fernie was
the fact that the notice only appeared
in- the columns of our co-tem.
'• Jilts. Shearer, and her "son' (Jackie)
were passengers .on Wednesday's west
bound en'route for 'Merrett,, where Mr
Shearer,, formerly of the local Co-operative staff, has assumed tlie management of a co-operative store. 7
"/      --7 ;—'  '
Those .who talk so glibly' about the
"dignity',.belabor" very rarely labor,
at digging; although quite 'frequently
they dig a,t labor if as is the case in the
Pass jusfnow—he (the laborer) refuses'-to dig'.'-: y ■■   '
; Very encouraging'reports" have been
received from the East regarding the'
little daughter of W. G. Ingram. From
present indications the' operation. under which she is going will prove eminently successful. '
Supt.' Price Thinks ' J Kere Will "'beja
y Scarcity,'Especially In Saskatche-:7
7 wan.—Dealers Won't] Stock '
.- "The coal situation is suretobe serious' during the. coming "winter,".no' matter 'how-soon-'-Jhe mlnes.in'the Crow's
Nest Pass, resume ■ bnerations,". said
Mr; A.; Pricer general, superintendent
of the C. P. R.; to the iAlbejtan. recently in. discussing .conditions".1 . ,7„
"It may. not be felt so ..much* in Al-
,berta as in the other prairie provinces,
but especially in. Saskatchewan, the'
stock of coal' in store. are comparatively small for this season of .the year'
and when the first cold snap comes
the-scarcity of fuel will be felt.".     ;
This he attributed to'the uncertainty
In regard to when the strike would be.
settled and the unwillingness "of deal-'
ers to lay in large , stocks , of high-
priced Pittsburg-coal, which might be
left on tholr hands, if cheaper coal
woro placed on-the market." , ,'
, Mr. Price, in view of the negotiations- now pending for a'settlement of
tho strike, declined to discuss the situation In regard, to it further than to
express tlie hope that a satisfactory
adjustment might'soon be reached.
*    i;-   '.   "' ye^-Prett,y models in-Velveteens;,Wool;-Taffeta,',$
\:   '-7-';;,^nd Panama Cloths, a'good.assortmerit'fbf.sizes, buti'.> ;
.; 6    x.-   'no'two,'the same./ A splendid range of shades/'-• •'
; ..yy.; y7'  .  ';', -.:•- •.;;.-  - ■...■..-'■ \. \,-: '  .y-% w
■:,-:-■'.. 7'.-i-y-.-r
■•> -    xf       ' Embroidered band trimmings in handsome Dre§v A
•    '   ■  ■=-   don designs as well as in self colors...., New Fringes/ f
Tassels and Girdles.,   Allovers to match trimmings.
I Women's Golf Coats
;,Finlayson7bf the Hon;e Bank staff,
was banquetted.by his many friends at
the King Edward Hotel'previous to his
departure'to the Head Office at Toronto..,: Hfs many friends congratulated, him upon his promotion, and truat
that the change of climate' will be
beneficial to hlm;physically.
Andrew Matusky, of Michel, was in
town this^ weekvv'islting friends' and
acquaintances.'--He intends embarking'
in the real-estate business formerly,
carried'on "by J.^Hutton,- the unfortunate -young man..who' was' lost somev
time ago .in, the. Elk River -country^
but whose body, despite ■ diligent
search; has not '.been discovered."' •
Donald McKenzIe, of the Fernie
Home Bakery, received the,sad news
this week of the sudden death' of his
only sister,,in Scotland, the result of
a fall on, the pavement. His many
friends here sincerely sympathize with
him -in -this' hour' of bereavement.
•The-selling price of scats to "Ma-;
dame. Sherry," Grand Opera, on the
25tli inst. have ' been reduced to $2,
$1.50. $1 and 75c, owing to the strike
being still on. These' prices are considerably lower thaii those charged fit
other towns whero this company has
boon performing; but concessions have
been made horo on account of the
strike. A splondld opportunity of.
seeing' a high class' grand opera that
should not bo missed by Fernio thea:
tre-goors.1   . '
We Recognize every Man's Right
■noma  sHBcnsan&aiaiMBD   assuonfo   rmnuBMia  usma&mmi
to Demand Value for His Monev
avtrm  ttmmm
i    „
HE position which Fit-Reform holds in the
world of fashion today, comes from the better
things which Fit-Reform offers—better flyles,
better variety, better service and always belter value
for your money.
Fit-Reform is tin fcrcmoft organization of high-
class tailors in Canada,
Fii-Rcfogii has become great by doing great things,
and chiefly by giving unequalled values.
You tayr. only to compare «n $13 Fil-IWoiin
buit or Overcoat with any other at the price, to
see why Fit-Reform was the firs! and is the firft
really yrour fnilonnn^nrganTzalion of the Dominion. W4
Rumors were current around, town
this week of a very^lnrgo business
transaction being piit through, which
necessitated tho transfer of nn account
from Vancouver to Pernio; but thoro
wns a break in tho cimult somewhere,
rtnd the Oriental Ronlloinnn, an apt
student of up-to-dnto western methods
haR tnkon his dopnrtiiro after enjoying
tho ho^pllnllty of some of'thoBO who
saw tho vision "Profit", written In
Chas. Chestnut, pitbosa at' "Blairmore mineB,. pleaded guiltr to an assault upon Robt.'Evans,' ard was fined
$10.00 by Justice' Gresham.     May"\vas
JbrPJBghLn'p-Q'n^rBlml1nr_oh«ygg    litiK.
"Susie," said .the handsome plumber,
laying dowh-his tool's, .which he had
taken up by'mistake; "Susie, I love
yeh.'".-,.' j   ,y '     ••.."' 7    '
"Get alon§ now, do|"> sniggered the
coy kitchen maid. M'You're joking!"
y'Nb; I ain't,"-'said the man-of pipes'
and screws.   * "I mean it, straight."   •
"Well, why don't you choose a time
for ' love-making when I'm not too
.busy?"- answered the basement Venus,
with-a pout. *,'Can't you see I'm
washing up?' ' *''   - ■
"All right, Susie;  don't get cross.'
Look'here, if I spins out this Job.so"
that'it last's till to-morrow' afternoon,
will you promise to.get your work out
of the way so tbWwe'can chat things
over like?!'  7\       „     -. •■;  .'■
."Tomorrow     afternoon,-, indeed!''
snapped Susie.   "You ain't In a hurry,
I must say., -What's the-matter with
tonight?'.*     y     ...   •. ,,,. •..
\. "Tonight^ in riiy-own time! "retorted the plumber scornfully. "I don't
think." s '  "    ,
Our range of Knitted Coats is a most extensive
one. , The styles are sure 'to, appeal to you. The
colors embrace■ nearly." every called for shade.
Prices from $2.75 to $10.00!. - '.       • ■ y y
.   Children's Knitted Coats in many styles.   ■        '»
Women's Coats
Owing to, the increasing, demand for exclusive
- model's our assortment of coats is much more.varied
"this season than„usualj but our "customers5 can be-
. satisfied that their coats cannot "be duplicated.' :. '
I Specials
not having sufficient 'evidence to prove
same, the'.case wasj.dism'issed,"despite
tho fact that,the local paper in its
write-up^statos fnat^'May's" feel "were
in.ikinguecTof him as a drum:" This
would appear to us as a case of '"Two
in One,'; the celebrated "blacking." *
The Daily News editorial of October
1Mb, "Why there was a falling off"
has in ciose proximity thereto a largo'
ad. for Danderine'- The combination
may be tho work of ^some witty "comp"
(Whore, do you find 'em, eh?^-Op.)
who is not satisfied at the bald" statement regarding tho census enumerator's .estimate of Nelson's "population,
However, thero is no uso .splitting
hairs ovor it, hence what' cannot bo
cured by Danderine must be endured,
The Juvenile Rostonlans played a
two nlght'Stnnd'In'tho Grand Theatre
(hla week to, housos that wero not
up to tho UHiinl standard for attendance. , This oxcollent company of
youngsters certainly.go through their
I'evorn! parts In a most creditable manner. Tho dancing Is graceful, (he
vocnl powers In tho main fairly good,
while tho acting of tho loading mom:
bors of. tho east compares favorably"
with that of many thcsplanH who aro
much tholr seniors in both ago nnd experience.
Brilliant Travesty on Grnnd Opera In
"Madame Sherry."
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
New York Blmply wont mntl over tho
"Terzetto lluffo," tlio brilliant must-
cnl travesty on thb famous concerted
numbers of grand oporn, which Is one
or tho many bright spots In the score
provided  for  "Madame  Sherry," by
Karl HoHchnii.    .Accept^! seriously,
this numbor would not ho much unllko
the soxletto In "Lucln,' or the quurlol.
to In "Rlgolollo";  hul. following tho
amusing    situations    In    "Madame
Sherry," nnd rendered by tho cleverly
drnwn'comedy characters In tho piece,
It becomes as, hilariously funny as It
In fnselnntlng musically.    And   tho
beauty of this number, as wllh all
othor music In "Madame Sherry," Is
thnt It fits perfectly Into tide plqt of
iitv \i\il), Mint in h I'laiiHiuie outcomo
or Iho eiuiiiNvMMiii Ui iij.Jij, I,',,. C'wr,
apleiH find theniHelvca nt tho dose of
the second net.     Thcophllui Shorry,
the low remedy chnrncter In tho piece,
hns been led to bolloyo thai his giddy
..  .1 .    i   ,   ,..„,.
of a well roRiilnted family, and Is nft-
turnlly bowlldorn! nt tho unconventional beh'nlvlbr of his rendy-mado wife and
children, borrowed for tho occasion,
To him their actions spoil a terrlblo
domestic tragedy, while to the nudl-
<mm the sltiiallon Is srrenmingly
funny. This ppcullur mlv-tip, hnndl-
ed In clever style ns to lyrics by otto
Hnuerbaeh,   nnd   orchestrated   with
Ro tho recent, advertising contost of
Rico Bros., Drayton, Ohio, brief mention of which was made In our last
Ibbuo, we have now. received full {returns regarding tho successful contestants, of which thoro were flvo winners
from Canada, among whom wns tho
Hon. A. ,T. Balfour (bog pardon, Ruck-
ley-). As this was open to all tho
world tho various lucky winners can
congrntulnto thomuolvoB upon the excellence of tholr work. Tho first
prlw of $2,.000.00 wns' nwnrdod to a
Publicity lOxporl, ft manager of ono of
tho most renowned Amorlran^mngn-
BlnoB, nnd the othor higher prizes
among thoso whose names aro common
Place In tho "Who's Wo" of tho advertising world. Among tho foreign
countries from which representatives
nent In work were (Iron tRrltnln, Chlnn
Italy, ■ Frnnoo, Mexico nnd numerous
Sanatorium 'to''be' Erected for Maggot
"   .'Rimes Treatment    7.-   .
"Mr. Bryant, the discoverer of" the alleged cure for consumption' by inhala-
tJ0-0, Pt maggc/t' fumes, has' achieved
a"notable Victory." It:will be remembered that about a month ago an ad-
%'erse report on,his claims was.made
by Dr."Kayo; the medical officer of
the West Riding County Council, and
the Denholme Urban District^ Council,
in whoso areas Mr. Bryant's "premises
are situated, declining to' pnss pians
for the erection of a sanatorium. To
meet certain, objections raised, "Mr.
Bryant has had other plans prepared
on a.more extensive,scale than the
first set,, and with . more v elaborate
arrangements as to water supply, etc.
These came before tho Donholmd Urban District^ Council, with tho result
that thoy wore passed, and tho claims
of Mr. Bryant aro now likely to have
tb 'have a fair trial under proper conditions. *
Tlie principal part of iho treatment,
It will bo remembered,' consists of
tho inhalation of 'tho-fumes arising,,
from breeding mnggots and putrefying
meat. Tho plans submitted provide
for a wooden erection to form an
upper storey, of tho existing maggot
breeding sheds^'and tho fumes will
ronch tho patients through a' perforated floor.    -Bnlcony nceommodntlon is
■_, Plain Cloth Coats, .full length;, in   Navys and
■ and Blacks ,.. /.;.'.... .$11.50 and $12.50
'   , .Plain Cloth„ Coats;- braided,. in;'Black/-" Navys,
, Browns and Greens^...'.,.. .'.... 7 $14.75 and $16.75'
'•"".•   "   ..   .' ,'' - '  7v.    .-      ,,.-    " ,y ;
Tweed Coats, a big assortment. .$12.00,to $28.00,
Children's and Misses Coats at' very, very m'pder-
" ate, prices'.'" , ",   ,"7    .. : y y 7.. ">'  "   (
>      '   ; /      ^ Limited
■;. 'ii
,  r'
-' <l\
'-'' -'I
provided for on each" side.- ,It is proposed1 to construct the", sanatorium
buildings proper of galvanized •. iron,
covered Internally with match-boarding. The building is designed to give
150 feet floor space nnd 1,500 cubic
feet air space for each patient. An
administration block • is intended to
be erected nt some fu'turo tlmo. Altogether a hundred.shelters are provided for. It may bo mentioned that tbis
method of treating consumptive patients Is,attracting still'wider, ntton,
tion and maggolorlnms are coming
Into existence'In other, parts of this
country. ,Mr. Bryant has boon approached to send a mon to South Africa to superintend nn establishment
out thoro. Ho has also hnd communications fiom tho United States with
regard to his system, whilst the Itallnn
authorities hnvo written for particulars. Mr. Bryant has lost nono of his
faith In tho offlcncy of this method
of dealing with tho scourge, and ho
hopes ore long to put undoubted proof
of euro boforo tho public—Reynolds".
ThORfl In chnrgo of the recent 1.0.8.
Supper and dance wish to thank Who-
Inn Brothers for the many courtesies
extended to the gathering.   AIro to Mr
TCn*»f*n/»f ll'li*  *.'*,   "I f . 1     ?    j „    (ii
us tho uso of nn exceedingly fine
MAson and niche piano, which wns
acknowledged by n|| to add mnterliilly
to the plonstiro of the evening. Ask
the nnmsey Orchestra.
.„. „..-, M5"*gL VOl«t»T» WKL.COMK TO
J. W. dray, formerly of Coal Crcwk,
   w»l»» "«t homo" at the foot of Mount
grnna opera effect by Karl Hoschra. \ Pemlp. Oct. 26th.   Tn tho rocnntfme
embodies a combination of the siibllme iany friends calling ran be necommodnt-
nnrl lh« ttAlmtlrm*. ^.i «..hl x  .. I
^( (-■■
Liverjrr" Feed
and Sals Stables
First class Horses for Sale.    §
Buys Horses on Comnilslon     ■]
— L__3
George Barton Phone 78
Here it is, Waiting for U
REPRESHNTATIVE wanted nt onco
for, work ln your locality Will guarantee $2.00 to $3.00 por day. Opportunity to advance rapidly. Will pay
liberally for spare tlmo. Work not difficult. Experience not required, International Rlblo Press, Toronto, Ont.
FOR RENT—Throe-roomed shack,
unfurnished or partly furnished, as do-
sired.    Apply "it," c.o„ Lodger Office.
POR RENT—8)x-Hoomod concrcto
block house. Apply, Wm. Mlnton,
Annex. c.tf.,
WANTED—A Housekeeper;    apply
John Murray, West Fornlo, ?t.
WANTED - A Girl for general
Iioiibo work. Apply, Mrs. Mutx, Tlio
Urewory. 7.17,
TOR SALE-Fivo-noomod House,
situated ht Cornor of Joffrny St. nnd
Dalton Avenue. • Easy terms to right
party. Apply, D. Willis on the promts-
«■■ 7-3 t.p.
tIPHIWIttV «"".►»•
nnd the ridiculous.
Prices have been cut below the iisnsl
for Fornlo owing to tho strike. Don't
Ponret—at Iho Ornnd, Wednesday,
October 2Cth,
***! *lth Jjftmmer, nalj», mw, or tamo
othtr Itttfirnry n-rnpon.'
(P.8.—llring yotir own tea aAd ■«•
nr. yolir own bread "nnd buttir, but
firewood will be provided free.)
A Cast of Musical Comedy Celebrities liteltidia* Ftliel Bell tnd Walter CaUett
Spefflal Orchestra Carried bj** lie Company,    large Beauty Chorus
Plan at Suddaby's.   Prices $2.00  $1.50 and $1 75e
TAXIDERMY-For first-class taxi-
dermy work, mounting nnythlng from a
snako to nn elephant call or wrlto, 0,
r.<,(.w, H. ki. 4>ox «>, *sv»t iremie
the English Dockera* Union relate*
an amusing atory of his early electioneering experiences, when he contested
West Bradford as a Socialist.-. Ono of
his nrdent canvessers woa arguing
with a voter who' was reluctant to ad-
mlt that Ur. Tlllctt bad any claims to
his consideration, lie ronid not get.
over tho fact that the candidate -was
"a. working nan/ and dressed the
part. "Why," he ob}«i«a, "wot
would •** look like In Parlymlatr
Look at bis trahsla." Tbe loyal can-
vaster was deeply offended, and an-
•werml In agitate* reproach. "Whafa
that got to do with Irt run Tflfetf*
trousers mar bo shnhhy, but they cover
aa iKKMhti BjMffi,"
, jM
' 'i
1 J '*% ^ 1* J. tt J 1
'I I


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