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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1912-02-24

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IMmM_i Usitr » (tnafllL
r.« OHici_l Orj»« of DSrlriel X.. 1«, O. M. W: rf A.
not DBTM-T UDOSE, Tzsaamip.c IBmURKlHI.
| A TXA1.
Industrial  Unionism is  Tabled—
May Day Holiday-Officers Make
Reports—Many Resolutions   -*
The delegates to the Ninth Con-, an
lion. District 18, TJ M W Of A., now
being Iwld ln Lethbridge, promises to
be one of mora tha usual importance
Including tha BwaUtlve Board m-sm
bers thero are some thirty-eight delegates participating, and bom all ap
pearances It will not finish thia Satur-
day The various commi'teea are hard
at work, lome keeping It up until late
at night. The most Important quel
Won so far raised la whether the District Bhould so out on strike with tie
mlnevwrkers ot the Tfnitod States In
the event of a strike in that country
Whilst the feeling was strong in support, tha time waa considered inoDpor-
tone A matter which wai highly ap-
precla-ii by the delegate, was tbe
presence at the opening ot Mayor
Hatch, ot Lethbridge, and hia preaen
tation to them of tho freedom ot tbe
u On Monday evening the delegated
were thk guests of the proprietor of
the Dallaa Hotel at the Majestic Theatre, where tbey "witnessed Jeanne Eds
neB Company in The American Girl"
President Powel Itoofc.the chair and
called the Convention* to order at 10
Ojn « a
After arfew preltminafi. remark* the
chairman stated that hfe was pleased
to announce the presence ot Hla Wor
ghlp Mayor Batch of the city ot Leth
bridge Although this was the Ninth
Annual Convention of tbe District it
was the first time that the city had
acknowledged tbe organization ln an?
war and this in apite ol the fact that
the Convention on each occasion had
been held ln Letbrbidge.
Address of Hi! Worship, Mayor Hatch
In the course of lis rtan&rks -the
Mayor stated that he'telt Mb
at the   ■     ■' —*-	
After some further discussion by
various delegates I B. Member Qarner
moved the following motion
That the baata of representation
to the Convention he taken on the
last three months that notices for ex
oneratlon have been received from
tbe Xocal Unions, or the last tbree
months that have been paid by tbe
Locals »
The motion was seconded by Delegate Balderstone.
After further discussion on the subject Tn which Delegates Jonas iHill
crest) Smith (Fernie) and Yice-Presl
dent Stubba participated the Conven
tlon adjourned subject to the Cftll of
the .hair
Tbe Convention was reconvened by
the Chairman at 12 ajn but as the
Credential Committee at that time
were not ln a position to present their
(report, a further adjournment waa or
dered, tbe Convention to re-convene at
1.30 pjn
Tbe Chairman called the Convention
_j order at 2 pm and received the
report of tbe Credential Committee,
which recommended that the present
representation oe compiled according
to the special convention held in L6th
bridge on October 11th 1911 which
--    '"ji—Frank "Wheatley   i
Bellevue Alta—John Olipbant, 3 votes
Blairmore Alta.—Wm Archer 1 vote
Carbondalo Alta—Samuel Hadfleld  1
Canmore   Alta —
f inch a convention
Fernie,-.-  C—J B. Smith, 4 votes
Fen-de  B C—W L. Phillips  4 votes
Fernie B. C—J W Gray, 3 votes
Frank Alta.—Jan. McGhechie 3 votes
Hosmer B 0—W Balderstone t votes
Lethbridge   Alta—John    Larson     4
sured them ~t
the  honor  tbat bad  1 . .
upon hip in inviting him tc
Lille   Alta.—W  L. Evans
tlon of the United Mine Workers
directed toward the uplifting ot Ute
working classes ana the betterment of
their conditions, and in doing ao«they-
were making tor better citizens and
larger emol amenta ioe their toil The?
bad hio very sincere -wishes tor the
success of their deliberations
President Powell briefly replied
thanking the Mayor far tbe courtesy
he bad extended to the United Mine
Workers at this their Ninth Annual
Vice President Stubbs stated tbat
not only was this the first time the
executive of the City of Lethbridge
had welcomed the delegates, but It
waa the first time tbat tbe United
Mine "Workers had been welcomed by
the executive pf any city while ln Con
ventlon and the inception of such a
thing might possibly be the commence
ment of a better feeling through tbe
whole District
After this Secretary Carter read the
Call of the Convention and proceed
lngs opened
The President appointed a Credent
lal Committee as follows
Frank Wheatley, Bankhead (chair
man) J O Jones HlUcrest Wm
Balderstone  Hosmer
Soma discussion then Mok place
with regard to the representation to
he allowed to the Michel Local Union
Delegate Barries stating that he did
not conufler It would be fair to hfij
X-^oal to bave the basts ot representa
Hon in accordance with the number
oC votes allowed at the special con
ventlon, and, tbat In his opinion the
representation should certainly be
based on the Inst annual convention
In reply, Secretary Carter stated
that ate the .pedal convention-.held in
.Lethbridge aurinR-'ihe'latter .part, of
'the strike, the roprosentatlon had been
of work.     . .     . . - -,
' In reply to n question Ur Delegate.
Hnrrl-AB ' (Mlphel.* Secretary "Carter
■tnWfl that M._h«L Loom bad, he —'
ll-avfld nmd* sppltostlon for expm
Hon of dm. tor-one month ant. „
similar uppllcatlon bid been rooelnd
frotn th* T«ber "dowl
D   Thachuk,
Maple Leaf; Alta.—D Bonaci 1
Michel B G$-m Wmetgtl votes
Michel, B. C—T Q -Httrrle's 6 vol_
Michel B C~Alf Williams, T votes.
Passbnrg Alfa—Joe Simpson Ivoffi
.Royal View, Alta.—T Lonnortb, 1
"   vote ^
Taber Alta —Ai M Roberts J votes.
Taber  Attn —James 'Wilson   1 vote
Klpp   Alta—Bed Carter   1 vote
Diamond City Alta—J A. McLellan
1 vote
Hillcrest Alta —J O Jones 3 votes
Corbin —R. Jones 1 vote
Lehbridge    Labor    Council — Waller
Smitten 1 vote (open tor discussion)
T   F   of  M    M   Spndon    BO-G
Heatherton 1 vote (open for discus.
And that tbese be seated with the respective votes "With regard to the
fraternal delegates from the Leth
bridge Trades and Lahor Council and
the W F of M Sandon It was recommended thnt they he given a voice
and Tote In the Convention
Tt also recommended that the Die
trlct Officers and International Re.
preventatives be given a seat and
voire in the Convention
Three delegates are in the Conven
Hon from Michel with credentials and
only two are entitled to seat and
votes according to the Credential COm
mlttee's report tbe matter relating to
the extra delegate wss left an open
question tor the Convention after the
report bad been adopted.
Following th&adoptlon of the report
of the Credential Committee the question of the disposal of tbe extra delegate from the Michel Local was taken
upland discussed.
After the matter bad been briefly
debated by Secretary Carter, Vlce-
,Prealdent Stubbs and Delegates Harries Williams Wheatley Smith, and
others K motion was Introduced by
Secretary Carter that,.
. The aueitlqn af tlie extra delegate
.. from Michel-, ba- left ln abeyance
i until such time a* he waa able to get
V? the necessary Information wllh re-
erd to the actual, representation
whloh. the Ml.h-1'Loonl "Onion
were entitled, seats being given to
< the three delegates In the meantime.
■Moved by Vloe-Prosldent Btnhba.
nnd Qulv teoonded thit Beorotnry Car-
~'- motion be amended by Mf ."Kim ant
trict Officers and Board Member* the
right to move a motion ln view ot tbe
fact tbat they bad not been granted
a vote In  the Convention. Delegate
.Wheatley replied that the fact that tbe
Credential Committee   had   granted
them a voice In tbe deliberations en
titled them to use that voice ln any
way they deified In conformity with
the rules of order and they were certainly entitled to move motions or any
thine else tn tbe course of the proceedings
Tbe question or the motion and am
ldment were then put to the vote
tbe result being!
In  favor ol the  amendment      16
In favor of the original motion      9
The various committees were then
appointed by the chairman aa follows
Resolution Committee
J  B. Smith (Fernie) chairman  W
Areber  (Blairmore)   H.  Elmer  (MIc
hel)   S Hadfleld (Carbondale), T  Mc
Arthur (Diamond City)  J Heatherton
(fraternal delegate W   Pot Ml   R.
Jones (Corbin B Q)
Con itltuUoiT Comm Ittee
Frank. Wheatley (Bankhead)  chnir
mar   A.  McRoberts   (Taber)    T   W
tray (Fernie)  J Oliphant (3=-tevue
J  VcGechle (Prank)
Oficera' Report Com mitt e-
O Jones- CHlllcrest) chairman
Henry James (Cc'eman) Wm Phillips
(Fernie) James Wilson (Taber) N
D Thachnk (Canmore) T Longworth
(Royal Collieries)
Appeal* and Grievance Committee
T G Harries (Michel) chairman Ji
Larson (Lethbridge) W Balderstone
(Hosmer). W L. Evana (Lille) Joe
Simpson (Paaahnrg), Frank Bona^ie
(Maple Leaf) J McLellan (Fernie)
Ben Carter (Klpp)
It was also resolved to allow tbe
press to be present except when tbe
Convention Is in executive session
Moved and seconded that tbe Chaii
an appoint a Distribution Committee
i whom all resolutions   etc    are
be banded snd by them distributed ...
tbe  various  committees  under then-
respective heads Carried
In accordance with tbe purport of
the motion the Chairman apntilnted a
Distribution Committee as follows
Board Member Lees Bankhead Delegate Hyslop   Coleman.
Moved by Delegate Jones, and duly
seconded tbat the resolutions etc be
placed In tbe bands ot tbe Distribution
Committee not later (ban 7 o clock
on the evening of Taesday February
20th Carried
In reply to a question by Delegate
McLellan (Diamtm!.  City) If It would
be in order for blm to introduce any
discussion on any part of the agreement, with a view to changing them
in any way  It was explained bv President Powell that any alteration  '
the agreement wps altogether out or
the question     It was further explain
" by Delegate Jones; that if the mem
rs whom IJrother McLellnn hart b^n
sent here to represent had any grievance In connection with any portion
of tbe agreement  the proper coarte
would" be to bring the matter up for
discussion through the medium ot a
resolution covering the points in ques
Reports of Officers* will be found on
»e«s 9 10 and 11
After this Delegate Jones moved that
the regular order of buolnesB hp bur
ponded and tbat tbe Convention ad
joorn until 130 tonfcrrow  (Tuesday)
M-BrMe HtalEa Wt polUy Known td
VANCotrran. b_|C Von _»-*-
. ie legisUtnra yeeterday afternoon.
Premier Mekrtfl* brought dbwn 'hla
•ail-way policy    Tbe details briefly are
AM- wilt be extended foe the con
jtractlon of tbe. Kettle Valley Railway
from Coldwater Jet.,to Rope a, die-
tanoa of fifty niBea and down tbe
CoquahBltvHTse The V V b. Brail
way is to ha-fen-tu-nfe rights over this
roads satisfactory to the Great Nortb-
Tbe Canadian Northern Pacific will
bnlld a folid,- Kamlofips to Eejowna
via Grande Prairie and Vernon, and
will also have a branch line to Lnmby
distance of 146 miles
The pacific and Great Eastern rail
ay wilt be aided In construotlDd from
Fort George to North Vancodven and
on by way of the second nfirrows
brldgv to Vancouver city and ^yest'
minster This line wig cotn«.di&__
tbrongb the Pemberton Keadowa^and
absorb tbe present Howe BonOd Vh'L
coming down-Howe Sound and enter
North Vancouver ftool the west side.
This will lie tbe first link in the railway to tap tbe Peace Kiv^r conntrv
It la provided that a Terry service will
be maintained between tbe mainland
and Victoria.
May Give Morey
Tbe Caii&d an Northern Pacific will
receive a Rant oClEO miles on Van
cenwir ^bIUuI fromr Crftnnbell river to
Hardy Bay.      The.fsalstance   '
Tbe Kettle Valley line wilt get
cash grant of flOOW per jnlle apprc
imately halt a million dollars tn alL
Tbe province Is also to give $200 000
for tbe consttuctitHfcof a bridge- across
'be Fraser River"tBVHope This will
ifford connection fcetwwn the Kettle
Valley line; ana thaC P R and will
provide a sljprf Mnp between Van
mver and tbe KSetenay
Tbe Canadian: Nortbern Paclric will
receive a guarantee- to the extent of
$36 000 per mils fixe the construction
of Its line on Vancouver Island Tbis
will furnish an entrance to Strati
Tbe Canadian- Pacific on Vancouver
Island will! build ftpto Parfcsville to
Comox. "&» lease of tbe E. and N
to the C P R_ IS autborl?ed so that
tbe road may be-used as tbe Vancou
ver Island dl-tistob of the C  P  R
The C KR. wiH-tfllfe ov**r tb- Kailo
end Slo can railway- and tor tbis will
receive JlWOOO from the province It
will cost t__e C P R. $.00000 to take
this Hoe over from the Great North
LETHBRIDGE Feb 19—Former
Mayor Harry Benllev of this city was
recommended bv the clt> council to
Attorney General Mitchell for the appointment of police migistrate of tbe
city to fill tbe vacancy caused by the
resignation of W B Ball wbo baa
named ha city solicitor and who
wlllJafce ofHee on March 1 The ac
tion of the council was unnnimoas and
the "motion declaring Bentley the noml
nee for tbat position was made by His
Worship Mavor George M Hatch seconded by Aid C B Bowman Mr
Bentley will tale office on March 1 at
- salary of tl SOO per annum.
Meeting of Operators and Miners-
No Foreign CoaJ Possible-Will
Trouble be Averted ?
LONDON, Ich M—The expected
wtal strike on March. \ la the prlnblpal
toplo ol conversation todny Borne
thine In the nature ot a sensation, wm
sprung last night hy A Clem ont Ed
wards M P labor editor of the Lon
don Sun He clalma to have made a.
discovery which seeiai to (how that
the miners and owners are both is ront;
In tholr present contention Mr Edwards la a barrlBter %M says .bare u
a clause In the-1810 agreement with the
mine owner* and the Miners which the
latter wtU liola.k If tSs? -go. on pWW
for fl mWwgnr rate of wane*? *
\ He Qlalms. that tt<*\»T&Sfii*nt aii->
tbour gunrameesvH muUmuBu.wftse.
under .abnormal condiHons., i a the
ownern return, to live ap tff thoir pwt
The Chairman called tbe Conven
tlon to order at 8 p~m
Moved and seconded that the Editor
of tbe District Ip&ser H P Nerwich
be 'allowed the floor of the Conven
tlonJ In order toaddress the delegates
In connection with the management
of tbat organ Carried
H P Nerwich addreBBed the con
ventlon in regard to the affairs of tha
District: Ledger and dealt at some
length on the sJfsirB In connection
with that organ and the bright proa-
nocts for ihe ensuing year The edl-
- expressed his regrets that owing
the heavy demands on tbe advertising space. It bad been Impossible
for htm to devote aa much Bpace to
reading matter as some of them would'
probably, desire;- hut 'arrangements
wen being made to Increase the paper
to twelve pages Instead of eight, when
ample, reading matter would be provided. T\a urged, upon the local were-
tnrls In the different camp*, the necessity of oo-openiUnK with tlm In hi*
effort* to mnh-a the paper * financial
n* well ns a literary
After it short diseuiilon In connection with the Rd.W-i of the editor
and after various quaittuni had been
put and replied to lt"?a_ ngularly
moved by DqlagHts OlFnhnnt and dulr
seconded that the r-aport be M.uted
oi _-tls.r.!*t_ry nnd thni be h<> «\\*i<
every support In the continuation at
hts work by fhe Dlstrlot and Local ot
flclnis Carried
Bupplementsry RepaH af CredantlBl
In concluding the report of the Credential Committee In the mittor of
•eating Dolegato Wiltlnm* from tho
Michel Local Union tho committee
found that the per ctplta for Jonu
ary February and March lull paid
by that Local to the District wns an
1 01S members and therefore recom
mended that Delegate Williams be
uaiod In this Contention pith one
MinerStiotto Death
Local Bank Teller Falls
Over Precipice on
Mt. Fernie
The lifeless body of Teller Thomp-
. jn was found late Monday evening a
short distance from Fairy Creek above
the falls He bad fallen over a precipice on Mount Fernie and had drag
ged himself for a long distance hy hla
bands and evidently died from ex
posure after being injured by the faU.
Mr P Thompson was teller 'n the
Bank ot Hamilton here and was transfers! from Winnipeg office to this
place Bome time ago He left town
Sunday at ten o-clock and when be
had not returned great fears were
tertalned by his friends that be :
met with some -serious accident.
He left tpjm. with a pair of sn_..
sboea and* a camera Intending to
spend the ^ay np Fairy Creek as haa
been his custom to/ take outings alone
when not at the bank.
Mr Thompson, Mas an Englishman
tall and slender, and fond of taking
strolls alone and tajtlng pictures with
his" camera.       ^,
A search bjirfy headed by provinei
al constable Bevitt, C K. Holmes Bert
Whlmster H Liphardt and two
three others bad been out all Monday
afternoon but had not succeeded in
finding any trace of tbe missing man
They had been up Falrv Creek hut
could find no trace of him ln that
direction and had been searching along
Mount Fertile, and towards Liz_ n d
Creek When last seen Mr Thomp-
on was going in tbe direction ot the
"y bridge which leads to Fairy Cr"ek
nd had his, snowsboes and a came "
;ltb him
Late on Monday night the bodv w
found and general gloom exists
*- _ waa well liked
The funeral wjll take place on Si
rday afternoon
put« whloh threatened to put a stoppage to work In tho United Kingdom
 Involving not leas than 800 0(0
Alter this subject bad been
discussed at a cabinet meeting Premier Au-Wlth addressed a letter to the
representatives of the coal owners and
miners requesting them to meat him
and same of MB colleagues at the foreign office on Thursday next in order
to endeavor to arrange a basis of set
&OKPON Feb to—The National
•tronsport Workers' Federation at a
meeting held here tbis afternoon de-
atdfd to help the* coal miners In «very
%ay posslblo ln the event ot a strike
Tltts will bar the unloading ot import
ed oonl at British ports
In regard to the resolution sent In
by the Pernio Local In reference to
District President Powell at a meeting of the Executive Board held an
Saturday last it had been decided to
turn this matter over to the Convon
tlon with a recommendation from the
Bxceutivo Board that the matter he
referred by the Convention to the
Appeals and Grievances Committee
and a motion In support of that wns
moved, nnd seconded Carried
Report of Resolution Committee
Rstolutlan No I
"WJfcarea. the present system of
cratt -raanlsatlons and their methods
of fighting are  becoming  obsolete
'And whereas It la absolutely ne-
(Cpntluued ou page t)
On Monday last the	
received that Geo Lokatoc a member
of the local union was found dead
on tbe path that leads to the old mine
a little way distant from shack No. 3.
The body was discovered! about .7
o'clock Ir! the morning by Martin Ku-
beo, who' ws»-going to work on tbe
morning shift, he at once spread the
report.   ,
Ooroner PInkney was sent for and
after hla'arrlvo! the hody was moved
to the Minors' Hnll and taken charge
Ot by tho itnton officials. On his
hody was found three bullet mark*,
ono-piercing hi* arm, another oniered
hi* bead behind the ear, and the third
went in through tlwf.imnk of hi* head,
the bUllM being found in the front
of M» throat.    When found ho —
till death, laid thoy hoard the shots on
Sunday night, so tbat the accepted
theory of hit ond Is that when going
to work on Sundny night for the 11
0 clock shift he was nhot at by lome
one. aa all the shots entered bis head
from behind. „    ,
Tho pollen got to work immediately
nnd (n a short time n constable was
placed In charge of Sam Wllllnsky,
an Austrian well known In the town,
nnd who hns boon boarding In the
homo of the deceased tor some time.
After tbo. arrival of Supt. Primrose,
Detective Piper nnd Inspootor Belcher,
Wllllnsky was arrested, and Is held at
the barracks awaiting a temporary
hearing. The Tnotlve suggested Is-
jealousy over the wife of tho deceased.
A Jury was appointed at once, com-
posd  of H.  Murphy, .Hanson, A. V.
1 ang, L. Ryan. A, Hanson snd P. H.
Durhnr. The inquest was Tield on
Monday afternoon, nnd was contlnned
on Tuesday and Thursday.    .
The funeral took placo on- Wednesday. A short -urvtca was held In the
Miners' Hnll by Rev. .W„ 8. Younf.
after whloh over one hundred union
men followed the body, to Blairmore,-
where it was Interred.--.rAt"the grave-
Ride, after the rending of the church
burial service, tbe union service was
read hy Fred Elliott.	
Much sympathy Is felt forth* sor-.
rowing widow and the two llt-tle chlld-
EDMONTON, Feb Iff.- The house
finished bnsineos and adjourned at
three this morning   and   prorogation
111 take place at noou today
Al' the business of tha session whs
-'nseri up before adjaurnement.    Four
bills were killed In committee among
st which ls O Brlen s Fortnightly Pay
Williams   Seconded   Naval
Bill-Class Ruling of
the Speaker
Press Gallery,
VICTORIA, Monday, Feb. 19.
The depressing monotony of the "deliberations was somewhat relived las:
week by the discussion on resolution*
Introduced by the Premier endorsing
the representations made to the Ottawa Government as to the question*
of Better Tterms and Asiatic Immlgra.
e one dealing with the latter
subject being of more general Interest
to tbe readers of tbe Ledger is sccor-
ingly given precedence.   The production of that ancient and malodorous
red herring Is proof If any waa needed,
that a provincial, election ia the next
thing to be looked for.     The venerable highly flavored bait has been so
often used la collaring votes for McBrido and  his  supporters,  that  one
would tblnk the process ot "decomposl-"
on was sufficiently obvious to scare
vay the inhabitants: of tbe political
aters wbo are expected to rise tp
Bat perhaps the Premier Is fishing
for suckers
The subject of Oriental', immigration wa_ Introduced by the Premier,
wbicb Brewster sough, to amend In a
that would allow the Liberal'
party to score off the. Conservatives,
and beat them at the game of posing
before the electorate as Qte most sincere opponents of tbe Asiatic Influx.
The debate was opened by the Premier on Wednesdar Feb. 14. He re-
:i the history of the' whole subject la> lng empnasls upon the difficulty experienced by the B. C. Government from the Liberal Government nt
Ottawa In tilling to get any effective
action to -tarn the tide oCAsiatic Immigration owing to the "strong influence surrolindlng Sir Wilfrid Laurier.
which worked against tbe enactment
of the Natal Act.
Hawthomethwaite expressed tbe op.
inlon that although the resolution had
been introduced for political effect.
and was a sure sign-of an early election yot there was an element orsln-
cerlty In tbe Premier's remarks- He
heartily endorsed hla statement of the
reasons that rendered tbe presence "
Orientals In large numbers tn B. C. r
desirable but did not hesitate to s. .
that the attempt to use the question
as a Conservative war cry would fall
flat ftith the workers .of the Province,
who would underhand exactly wnat It
meant He pointed out that while Mc-
Brlde had accused the Liberal party
at Ot tan a of being chiefly responsible
for the influv of Orientals, the largest
immigration had faken place when the
Conservative party was in power. The
Premier bad alluded to the economic
pbBBe of the subject, probably having
in mind its effect upon tbe white man's
wages but It also had a serious bearing upon the educational system of
the Province and on employ
dangerous Industries While
trol of immigration was Very largely
In tbe hands of the Ottawa" Government the educational system' ._
tirely under the control of tbe Provincial government    McBrido had ac-
:ased. Laurier of using "flnnesse," but
M-Bride could give him tarda and
spades in handling the "luestioo.
' feature of the problem,
the presence of Asiatic
children"" in the public schools, with
the resulting danger to tbe morals of
the white children with whom they
came Into contact
The Socialist party had not tbe least
desire to cast any slur whatsoever
upon the Asiatics. Socialists realized
that the Oriental had been forced to
leave his own country In search of bet.
conditions, and there was no rea-
l6 say harsh things.about them.
While hero they were entitled to every
protection.of the law from aor Indlg-
(Here the speaker referred to
_ s In Vancouver a few years ago,
dier'cted against tbe Japanese, placing
the blame on tbe white business men
of that city, who were willing for the
Orientals to come as long as be competed with the white worker, bnt became antagonistic wben be branched
out. Into business snd competed with
them.).. The.resolution had no connec-
tion with tbe important aspects .of the
question tbat he had. dwelt upon. Mc-
Bride wanted ga put tbe resolution on
record'farthe* credit of the Conservative party In B. C. Hs (the speaker*
did not:see-why the Socialist party
ihould help him to do that. and. they
would very seriously consider wbat attitude they would adopt He wanted
to take .very good care that the Liberal and Conservative parties did not sue
cessfully, pose .as the sole and only
friends of die workingman In tbe mat-
The latter, had no reason to
i any confidence In either of those
.... parties in any matter affecting
their, interests, if they were to be
judged by their records at Victoria and -
■ Brewster followed on Thursday"with
a defense of the actions of the Laurier
  esnect to Oriental Immigration, and impartial onlookers
would probably concede that he made
' ' least as good a case for his
McBvide had for hla. The beat
paiirof his speech was probably that,
devoted to showing up the cases in
which the McBride Government had
the power to minimize the eVils and
bad not exercised' It. ~' He concluded
with a criticism, of tbe member for Na-
alino for baving'sald that under another system (meaning Socialism) Orientals welcomed, to B. C.. As
people would still have to work to Ilvi». ■
the Oriental in that case would still be
,a competitor with tbe white worker.
Hawtbornethwaife followed, and in
Ihe course of his remarks reiterated
belief that the best way out of ihe-
s by n
negotiations between Canada and tbe
powers concerned, but he looked for-
~ ' to tbe time when men would be
nongh and broad enough to ignore
 I distinctions. Tbey were already disappearing, not altogether as a
result of Socialist'education and propaganda, hut becacse modern capitalism, demanded that it should he so.
The debate was resumed on Friday
by Parker" Williams, who said he
agreed with the previous speaker that
the resolution was a sign of an election being near; and be had felt snre
of it the previous week, when he had
come acroJs a new voters' list for New-".
(Continued on page 5).
LONDON, Feb. 20.—In the House of
Commons today, CoL Seeley said that
the additional cost of moving troops In
connection with Winston, Churchill's
visit to Belfast was £3.700. Ho *_-
ed that the right of free speech must
be "safeguarded at any cost. W.
Moore, member for North Armagh,
said there waa no attnekon free
speech; the trouble waa tho offensive
choice of Ulster hall for OburohlU'
bome nils declaration.   (Cheers,)
Col. Seeley said; "If the honorable
member went to Dublin to mnko n
■peecli, we would take the snmo men-
suros to preserve his right." Tho Incident then closed.
Fined $500 For Firing
A Union Switchman
Personnel  of  Premier  8 If ton's  Commission Is Made Publlo
EDMONTON, Feb. 19—The names of
commission appointed by tbo government to. Inquire Into tho mining
of Albert-, have boon"
by Promlor SIEton.   They worn as lol-
John ..Thomson Stirling, of Edmonton; William Powell, ot Colemsn,
and Walter Floyd McNeill, of Cmi-
Stirling is a government coal mining engineer, while Powell, as Is well
known, Is President of District IS, II.
M. W. A., and McNeill ls secretary of
the employers', association.
Thn announcement, ot their appointment states 'that Their duties will be
"To Inquire into, tbe.-raining laws
Alberta nnd make their report therei
including any amendments tb the esli
lng law regarding the operation of tbe
mines for. coal or Other mineral which
tbey may consider necessary."
PORT SCOTT Kan., Feb. 20.—The
K-lslon which has been banded down
by the District Court against j. B.
Coppage, District Superintendent of
the St. Louis and San Francisco Ball-
way. Is considered prcssgeous of a
wholesome effect by  union members
Coppage was fined fGOO for violation
of the State coercion law. tor having discharged H. B. Hodges, a swltcb-
for refusing to withdraw from
bis Onion.
The employers are not expressing
much pleasure at this Interpret atloo
of the law. and it Is said, will appeal
on the ground tbat the law Is, unconstitutional.
To Employ All White Labor
VlCTOItlA, Fob. 3,,—In connection
with all tho railroad construction to bo
undertaken tho premier said that his
government would havo.e, private
Agreement with tho different companies thnt would provide ngalnst the
im.layment of Asiatic labor either In
wane clause would I* Inserted In all
con trill'is und ll whs nlso provided thnt
If it wns uosslblp to do so on onusl
lorms with omslilo places nil supjillss
must bu purchased In ttie province,
Tlm nwvemt'nis nlso save the govern-
in cut control ot rates.
The Socialists have 110 mombars;  Centrists   33;   Conservatives,   66;   National Liberals, 47;   Radicals,-";    Poles. 18j all others 19. ;***_
i=r .-^JKSfcs.*. yc-;
- 7 ^^*-^*,'
<j*«^H_!.rf y
'>,%:-!^.r. "■"
3 ■-
* --; *- '. •*•■- vy*.:-.-■'" -i- -,! ;«„,;,;• :"'-,.*■-'-;*•,(..':.-. -vj*r ;    .... •>,>. •.**, ^\<y :':':.■'^iy >"•""-^iS..^-,:-«'*' - "- *     ■*;   -, ■ .',.-/-<' .. *77
;?7; 'r;;xMicmiBciws ^sEuwfi®^ X -:
'7-7' "yy.s'-:.''-,;^";.;^ ;7'  ",^7.77-7 7 7.7*777.'£-.""***""     7   '      '       ^ cv'•.*."*.".'_»•■
- "7 Vd
. .- --.-»-,  . -., ^.--p-y -. -..- ,-;..   , '
"•"»■/- .*■;'"•< --., ;-rr -,. -"" :  '-   • .-;,. - -
j-.-/*    •■ v'f •--•-..-'.?-.->.-b    ,-~-v_.
'v. ':.. 7 By*__6ha H.-Joneay '-'-.7*. "
* {.The following' paperjj-w RS^iir-ssented
at the'sesslon of tlie'-American Mining
Congress .in Chicago,"" on; October,.-25,
-dV.I John 'H;'* Jones, pres-dent.'of th«
7 Pittsburg-Buffalo Coal Co., of Pittsburg
Par y-.Mr.' oJ__e_r' has 'been - intimately
, associated, with coal mining and mine
- worlters airhis life, .so. that no,one
"\b better qualified to^spealc on "Work-.
,.   men's,Compensation Applied ,to Minting."-    "What,--Mr. Jones -has, to,/say,
is, drawn from- his experience .with lia-
°   bility insurance" and tlie faithful study
" of ."workmen's . compensation". ' in'*■ all
its many-phases. ,-, The-paper is therefore .worthy of the .attention of. all
;, those*'engaged in' coal' and7metal mining, for as one delegate- said "the sub-
.ject will .not down"..untii,sori.e satisfactory solution is obtained:—Editor." •" ■,
."V In presenting the result of the. labors
■'of the special "committee appointed to
consider and report upon the subject
" of a. workmen's ■'compensation'■ act,. I
, desire. to' to yourTattention-^-oine
of thethings,, which forni.-the basis
■-,' 0.. the.reasoning of your-, commits.„
,.., r The" 'subject. of' employers-; liability,
and--wort-men's compensation^ inlqne'
form  or ■- another, '■ has. agitated --'the
-""■mir/-^e"of men" for.,year's."" y-The'justice
of some compensation is generally con-
, Reeded, and-American industry is seek-'
*'ing'rthe best plan to.accomplish this'
_ r-object'.-"'.:*. ,-7 -7*-".y - /' -.-'y*,;,';,'-
*     The  .coalmining." industry .is- no*
",. stranger .'to either "liability?! or. "com-
' , pensation," nor,. did it .wait,* for law j to
* compei, demand, or suggest, a reason-
- able " care_'_f or' those. injured - in the
,'"'mines./ - -y ,' ' 7'-.- fyS'7,'"' -,, ■*-
.; •' It' is natural,', then,' that, a-subject
•'of so vital-importance*to the industry
siio'uld' engage the1 serious-attention
.of.'the;Mining'Congress.yvy, - ,7
^vBefore'deciding' on o serious matter
,' of * this-klnd.--let- us .examine "what lias
\t;€en,'done"'i_- England and what' has
been done in- Germany,-*along .similar
jiie-^yyy'yy yyy yyy;'*;
■y-iyir/'A    TT   Hill  'MP '.nf nn1tnn^-|^
7' land); and secretary"'of "the Operative
Cotton Splnners'Associ'ation says: y,;
:• t. [ "In England; before.the 80's tfie.cdm-
-mon law was the only means bfidjus.-,
- uientj-and whqn-negligence of the em-'
y_iloyer was not proven it'was "hard to
y>-set,, compensation^,   The work people
befiime"*tUssaUsfled"with thls^-tate'o-
;- afiairs and-began to agitate for "a now
" law, and, as tho result, an'Employerfl'
• Liability Act was passed in 1880,"'and
.*. while1'it was an-Improvement'.on tlio
, common law,"": the" act was not a'suc-*
.' cess, as'it embodied tho doctrlno, that
,' nn employer should not bo liable un-
■ loss' negligence was proved. ' , It iios
,..always-been difficult to succeed, in aii
".action under "tho ^ctyas- so many
, moans'could bo found of rbslstin.. n
■ claim.     The, result of'tho failure .to
- secure'compensation'caused n; fart Iter
-. agitation, for, an improved mothod o_
dealing with' tho;pVobl6m, whloh'bote
- fruit, for In,',1897-an act' \yns, pusscd,
lmq^vn ns'the-Workmen's Compensa-
...tlon Act.' 'This'act,did" away with thei.
doctrine of contributory riogligonce and
made the employer W. com-
ponsntlon to a workman who lost tlmo
Sores from Elbow lo
Flngoro.    :
Z«n.Buk Woiicd 0 Mlradt of HctHnt.
Bwrenil OenUemaa Vallf
- ..MteO Kivto U DoUlvor, -of Oa-Wtottta,
; fiuoen* C0./N.B., W*} "I amt *Ai
ny tbo valuo of Zam-Bulr.
(Jlcbra and «ore> broko out oa tai
arm, and altuoush I triad to heal thorn
by using votIoub proparaitionBi nothlni
wemed to do tn'a any good. Tbo «ore»
iprood until from tixmm to olbow wm
.no mm of uloontlon.
"I had flro .dltfwont dootort, »nd
ftltbfully carrle4 out tholr iiwtruo.
ttoni. I'drank pint aftor pint of blood
modtclnei, tried talvo after salvo, and
lotion Aftor lotion) but it -wm ot no
avail.,       1
"My fatber then took rat ithirty tnlloa
to aee % w«U*kMiwa doctor. Ho
ntKrijOffAptoed the a_rm*nd bMod. Tuli
Siotorrcwh wm aeat to ■* New- Yovk
&tal to fee ■peoWlati but <hey
iont wo>rd tboy could do nothing
turUier tor nl^ m* I wm In d«wjlr.
" One day a friend wked me If I nhd
tried ZanvBufc. X Mid I had w*, but
lfot»l«xriglitMr»y. TiaiillmttKa
did mo jnoee cood than| all tJw n*U-
olne I bad tried W to tfcut tine, ao 1
oonunued wo u»*«ww*i». *»•»»/ "*?•»
SCttH-fO tbo fcvtns ww* »** mm*. «wH,
to mak* » loaf ***** •>«?**• ,z<l?_!!Dak
beeied all tbe eorea completely. Urery
body la this plwe k»owe pf W «w
end that It le Kam-Bule alone whloh
euredtao."       •' ".
wnn»rt«i' <««rr«'hnr«(e«*-/rii_. wm. w.
D. it -nwkw, of Oalodoiita, MjM Dol«-
T«r% mtntetor. ;irHtM. "IMi.*•,<«
certify tlut ttie ttatbAonial of Mton
f felltter to correct tm tar m wy knowl*
odce coca. 'I bawe known ber lor a
«Sr anda half, and her cure effected
hyaMmdJukla remarkable."
>m»rmt>r *«r« * tiloereAlonjbloed.
polwn; $om, coWKracki, to****,
mte, bun*, torukMi, w aay iU» If;
Kry or fUtNttMO, ilx*« Siuu-BaL. iduMiId
-aMlML It tt alec • mire wreftw
piu* All druftkrti and itorertail a.
too. iter fcoi, ,«r «ert tm *rWB-5f?;
'.   -  -   -     ,-fj>' ■,'-' '/     ■■-,■!■*•-"':*>■■    '  "'
through-any accident' which- occurred
while following hlsv employ ment'',."7" '-
. It Is unnecessary"t6<J_"iscuss\thrs act
further*1' than* "*to (say that**> it .required
26 years'ofjagitatib'n by workmen,'and
26 years-of study" and experiment by
practical -men -beforo-"• a''Workmen's'
Compensation Act was passed. ■, \ , 7
-■; The , opinion" of Samuel *, Gompers,
dated Washington,- D. C, December 24,
1910,- was-thaty - " '". ,y ' '-' '
,,. "The Illinois legislature should .enact a liberal employers', liability, act
at the special session and then under;
take"^an' investigation with a' view to"
the introduction of an .automatic compensation law,, for thatvieV observer^*
now, regard as''the most^'feasibieand
just -solution - of the1 vocational Ills,
accidents aiid deaths .""--.,• "". ' -"
7 Six employer members, of .the, committee" of-' twelve,' tIllinoIs ■*" Employers"
Liability.Commission reported as follows:'. .-7. y' „'\ ' - > "' '; ,'.,-•
'!> "In-spite* of the fact that every oiie
of„the;,lndustrlar nations- of Europe
has "/discarded.' the system of- paying'
damages on the ground of the liability
of.Tttiexemployer, and-has. adopted,,iri
Its:; stead - the.- payment,'.bf compensa:
tion. for industrial' accidents j*. iii spite
of the fact that New.^York'has adopted
a Workmen's Compensation-,-Act, and
that-both Wisconsin7rand ,-,Minnesota
are';considering compensation, as'1 the
only, feasible solution to this problem;
the Chicago Federation of-Labor and
its representatives qn;'the'Commission
have' taken/a decided ^stand that "the
abrogation "of tlie employers';'defense
must precede any bill providing" compensation.     7     -"-"":■ '7'"      .'.-,   -  -
'"It ls^evldent from,'the letter which,
the Federation submits that its officers
riot only are unfapillar or unmindful of
the economic.'waste .involved- in any
employers'..- liability-.; system;, but', that
they .have"no knowledge of, the*total,
inadequacy*-.of * such", a-^systeni.^-eveRi
wheib extended by such Mrious-modifi-
catioih of'the, employersj-defensesas
i,he;Xmerlcan. Federa"tl6h"7of -I_ab6r. ad-.
vocates.'.l„-7'7 y 7-7,7-',. ;7'*v,':-:
""An employers' '.liability'-'law meets
none, of the prime necessities "of definite" compensation, immediately -■ and-
automatically paid. 'Under7it every
case'iB"a;'gamble." 7""' "",'".";■
"' Major A. R. Piorkowskli representing
the Frederick-,. Krupp Co,,, of Essen,
Germany, speaks for the Gorman sys-
topi as follows: '• "■ ...yy.
. ''The . German Accident. .Insurance
had its precursor in the Liability Law
of; ,1871; by which the operators of
Industrial 'establishments were liable,
for the accIdeiitB caused "by theirj,
"The-injured workmen had to bring
proof that the operator caused the accident, nnd tho .amount of compensation was dotenrilno'd by • private societies. It Is evident that such an
arrangement could satisfy nobody. Tho
consequences were long drawn out and
cosily law sultfl,frby which lho contrasting Interests of employers and em-
pioyo wero glaringly^ brought to' light.
'"Tho moro law suits'between both*
classos, the moro. hatred, waB engendered and tho farther .apart thoy drifted'
in tholr mutual interests. ' Employers,
omployoB, and the govomment loojeed
eagerly for a bettor solution of. the''
problom./ Tho Germans finally determined tho liability law did not work
for'poaco botweon capital and labor,
bocnuBo ,'.lt , worked, unjuBtly toward
both bf thorn. Thorcforo, thb only
logical and' Just way to - compensate
for tho' dono was by. InouW
anco.  '      '-,',*(
"First, tho'proposed compulsory insurance/through nn imperial financial
Instituto, that contributors * should bo
omployero nnd thb insured. Tho Reich-
stag rofusod this plan.
"Thon tlio Central .Association of
Gormnn IndUBlrlos rocommoiulod tlio
accident Insurance Tho placo of an
Imperial Insuranco wnn tnkon by tho
trado asHoolatlonn of tho employers,
.IiiBtond of contrlbullons by tho employers and communities camo tlio bur*
don of tbo first thirteen wooks to bo
borno by tho flick funds, to which, tlio
workmen had,, to pay nearly 07 por
cont,. Tlio administration remained
.with tho omployors. Tho arbitration
courts conflicted of omployors and employes In ogual numbors.
"In 11)00 "thl» law received Its pro-
Bont Bbajpo—briefly,' All workmen
and ndmlnlBtratlvo offlcora—tbo lattor
provided tholr ajynial earning* do not
oxo<^<i a,i)<j\i ui.irK#--ufo duutW
agalimt the results of accidents In the
ito'treo 6f their employment, If ««!»*■
ptoyod In mlncH, factories and similar
establishments apcclflod In law.    In
ci-feb bl OlfehtiHiiy. COKilKJlH-iiUUli U -Wi-
dered from tbo beginning of tbo 14th
week nftor tho dato of tbo acctdont. ,
"Tho Injured person received froo
rmxllca! treatment, medicine, ond othor
moans -of hoollng."   ■
Tf any r«ntlfl»rmn prvs^nt ImsRlriM
that the Oerman system would bo a
•m^f-fln fn; thlfl country, M mo qmito
from tlio Tlio Now York Commercial
of Friday. October 20, 1011, under tho
boadlnff, "I.Ublllty Mon Crltlctto State
gestlon of Governor Woodrow'"Wilson,"
as, to state/accident-' insurance';* it-v
rea'ds:-   '.."-"■  . '.. ->' -  ,;y "; ••-'"'-
., '.'Nearly every speaker.alluded to a
recenjt; review of the Germah:*state insurance system, written by.Dr.".Ferdinand Friedensburg,' who has recently
retired after 20 -years a. thb :head
of'the senate of the imperial. insurance office- of; the German ,; Empire."
Doctor Friedensbiirgdoes not*find"the
German' system/W it has worked, out
in practice,,'by" any means\ideal. He
does not condemn the principles under-;
lying the';workmen's ■ compensation for
accidents.-^ -    •'-■-, :. 7'
"Doctor Lott quoted him as .saying
that, charity crept In and corrupted the
system'- at - the beginning; that- workmen very" soo'ngot-'accustomed ■ to.bringing-their, complaints,, doubts* and'
claims bf any. nature whatever to the
imperial insurance ^office, often without appealing to any intermediate,instance';  that' the-imperial Insurance
office,' which'.'is intended to -handle'
questions of law,' is overburdened with
frivolous and'unfounded; claims; that'
•'the .expenses o^the" system", contlnued-
tb^ the force required increased!; that 'the'-number'.of officials in
the imperial insurance office has multiplied  in-line .with*. the;- ever-waxing
burden of .work!; .that*' the number of
accidents -,  grows. ,'• with - monstrous
speed'/ that ,*ln 1886,-100,159 accidents
"were reported and 10,540 (10 per cent.)
compensated;;   in' 1908,  662,321  accidents^ were1'reported.-and- 142,965   (21
per cent.'), .compensated';  that 'often
an'accident is soughtvfor and arranged'; that% sometimes a chronically sick
man swears, that-h'isi"oid illness is the"
result .of a''recent .accident. and gets
consequential help; that'the communal
chiefs act "entirely under the'belief that
they ought Whelp their local .residents
as'a result of the'eominpn opinion that'
-the'insurance funds ifavb'more money
than they know what to do with, and
this idea'strikingly deadens "the con-
truth'; that'naturally the universal laxity,' the payment of unjustified claims,
arid the extravagance practiced justified- claims, and-the extravagance in
equipping hospitals and sanltoiams impair the integrity of insurance funds';
that 'employers do all, that is possible
to escape their burdens, which they
feel to be unjust and in vain as enormous sums   aro   annually, extracted
from .them In fines,', that 'Industrial
unions and insurance institutions have
been repeatedly on the brink of bankruptcy.' ■      • ■"   -,.,'"
'. "Doctor Friodensburg points out that
the excessive cost of the insurance
system,', which ls one result of tho degradation of th^ system into charity','
is complained bf by employers,. and
that state Insuranco therefore, reacts
injuriously upon Germnny's industry."
He,sayB:."As'a result of tho costs
[of Insurance which have gradually become monstrous, Gorman Industry is
put at a'disadvantage''and is hampor
od to thb extreme in Its competition
with foreigners.".
Indeed, Doctor,Friodensburg makos
tho ■astonishing statement that the
German system of workmen's compensation Is held responsible for the marked rise ln prices which Is,felt to bo
oppressive by all' classes of'tho'Gorman population,*' y
Mr. Wolfe la of tho opinion ,„thot
whether tho state will undertake tho
qmployorb' liability buslnees to tho
exclusion ,or tho companies deponda
upon tho attitude of thoso companies
and their disposition   to   co-operate
with tho state In tlio solution of tho
oconomlo problom.    Ho snld that em.
ployors' liability Insurance ropresonts
moro than .ono-hnlf' of tho onttro liability bunlness transacted and consequently the quoBtlon of stato insuranco
lo of vital Intorest to tho underwriter,
Whllo heretofore the question mny
havo Boomed, to tho umlorwrltoi'8 a
fad or a form of Socialistic doctrlno
nnd nn intorforonco with tlie right of
contract, a discourager of thrift and nn
oncouragor„.of malingering and intentional aooldontB, publlo opinion Is overwhelmingly In' favor of entering tho
cost of human accidents ns a part of
tho cost of production, and tho underwriters, in tho opinion of (ho 1 speaker,
miiRt face tho- situation accordingly,
Mr.- Wolfe believes that a dealrablo
law wonld embody tho following fea-
Ut, A s-tttteuwiit of tho c'rcutiiBiau'
ces uiido7which tbo employer becomes responsible for nn nccldent during tlio hours of oirjplaymotit,
2nd. A doflnlto scalo of benefits to
.*(j jihiil tiy i.iiti employer <wh<m ho ls
responsible,.   ,
3rd, A requirement that every employer to whom the law applies shall
fllo with the commission mentioned
hereinafter satisfactory ovldenco that
his rf>stM>n«lhll!ty for th-j payment of
benefits for which he become* rcspon-
*lMo In 0iinrnnl,o«d by a corporation
authorised to, transact the business of
liability Insuranco. <■
4th. The appointment of a eommto-
S?k ^ISi^Mi Sm^Sm mSSS Insurance System."    After much dls*jsion «»me of the members ot whleh
iiicaliBide of employers'-liability insurance), .which would classify risks, and
would," after the -necessary, investigation fix the minimum and the .maximum rate which .would be charged any,
corporation author-Kid" to furnish the
guarantees.- ■* • ' y77 7- '-
".Fifth, A prevision .that the commit
sion, may, after hearing evidence, order the installation of .proper safety devices in order that,accidents'may-be
prevented as far as- possible.
,* 6th. A provision that those employers having more than a certaiii number
of employes many,* instead'of becoming"*
insured in a private company, elect,
to deposit with the state the minimum
"premium required by the commission,
which deposit ls to "be increased-frontline* to time as requirediby the commission, in order to'cover" the preesnt
values of benefits to" be-paid, and-is
to be,.withdrawn jm, filing with the
commission satisfactory evidence that
the deposit is not required for the payment,of claims.' ' ' " 0, ,
j'- Mr. Rowe' stated that obviously, the,
trouble with state insurance, viewed
from'an "impartial angle, would be the
mixing of politics with it. "Workmen's compensation insurance," he
said, "can only exert Its effect as a,
blessing if free from all exaggeration'
and particularly from the conscious
or unconscious loye-making'with-.the
'Iow^r classes.'" - 7    .       ...   "'-
s"Such insurance," he said, "must be
issued by an independent institution
free from- all partiality. " "7. *■
Employers and employes .should not
losesight of the fact that less tlian 50
per cent-'of the premiums paid, goes to
the real' beneficiaries."*. Whether ;or
not .this may be considered economic
waste-is, for others to judge.-- ' 7"
,'Here', then - are- Introduced two ^methods,"'.the'"Employers', -Liability
Act," "which", has .been"' discarded by
practical' _nen,\t_ie other the "Workmen's, Compensation Act," now before"
us, and, between these two we-are
called upon to choose.-,.' .- '•
.'Your committee purges a WoVkmen's
Compensation'Act- as'best fitted,,by
experience and practice, to the mining
industry. . * 7*- .     ... -7- *    .. '
.The Liability.-;Act-appears, to' your
committee, to beunjust and unreasonable, in principle   and'  practice—the
very Bmention.,of"it suggests lawyers,
courts,. delays, - annoyances,  strained'
relations, expense"to-employers, and
loss to wbrkmen.y  In - one word  it
means" "fight". >^he, -Compensation
Act means "Payment.-?"    The former
is an unknown' quantity, the latter is
a fixed principle known and computed
in advance," and -'provided for.     The
record of the ^Liability-Act is said'to
be-about _# per cent; adjustment—the
Compensation';'Act7m'eans 100 per cent
adjustment.'- 7., '.   -
.^Adjustment -"under, a liability act is_
to be.injurious_in'80.per cent of cases
in a large .disaster,' .in that it would
show'er'-'mone'y into" the hands of the
inexperienced.'-where.value is unknown
and where.inoney and widows are soon
parted.'-, That this is no idle dream
is no doubt known to every man here,
and the speaker has* had enough experience to'"fill a book"—just one experience will suffice to Illustrate. Dur-
the past' two'years a certain"widow,
of a miner! received a so-called liability adjustment,^ two of the first purchases made were a gold watch and a
Bilk dress, whlch'addod to other Unns*.
made- the.*,'expenditui-e  for  the  first
month -$900.'/' She spent over $3,000 a
year for."these two years, and novy
f In ds, herself'and'five children objocta
of charity,-    Surely it cannot, be urged
that this is tho compensation intended.
True',' It was her inexperience and fall-,
,ure' to, value money that worked1 the
mischief, ( This Is the very thing wo
argue.',   This woman ls a fair type of
thoso with whom the mining Industry
Has to . deal, and the illustration is
from life and by no meanB an isolated
oase.'' ' "•
Under tho Compensation Act no bucIi
temptation would, havo presented lt-
self-~tho adjustment would havo simply continued tho natural earning and
pay conditions' for a porlod of years, Insured tho woman ngalnst her own Inox-
porionco and extravagance, Insured to
tho children tho real object of tho Act,
and bo a'blessing to tho family, nnd to
thb community,
"Liability law adjustment, In tho
judgment of tho committee, ia n nils*
tako-^-ls uncortnln nnd unreasonable—
Is an Injustice to nil concorned, nnd Ib
prejudicial to all the bo_t Interests
of a mlnor'9 widow and children—that
It defeats a good Intention and doos
not Insure tho enro, education, and opportunities of llfo, supposedly vouchsafed, to tho husband and father, by a
law whloh caused him to rink und lose
his llfo In nn honest hollo., nn'd n «ln-
coro ondonvor, to provide for his family. In' short, tt looks ns though tlio
most nrdent supporters of np* Employ-
era' Liability Law, nro <nmlnilnnce
chnBors, nnd those who could hope to
profit by a disturbed condition, ns botweon capital and h'tbor,
It Is also conceded thnt labor Ib Just
as necessary for the malnlonanco of
Industry aB nny other commodity, nnd
that the cost of compensation, ns n
fixed pr.Bc.pIo of industry, should be
reckoned with In placing a prlco upon
the finished product. Upon the
grounds Btatod, wo bollovo tho liability net to bo wrong In prlnclplo mid
jirhM.oo, nnd IhHt U10 uiJutMiMt ol it
foils upon those who nro loast nblo
to bonr It, on tho ono hand, and, upon
the other hnnd, this Injustlco would
fall upon those who nro supposed to bo
wenIthy—which supposition Is bowed
mmr. opinion flioroii(j/ilv* iinfflmlflnr
with tho facts, nnd thorcforo incompetent, nn opinion of thrum who do not
stop to consider whother or not tho
cost of their wishes Is within the possibilities of tho Industry, or to take
Into consideration tho fact that not ono
the "cost of some of the disasters, which
have occurred. during the past * few
years, .under a liability act, or the fur-
thenfa'ct that less than 10 per cent" of
the'.coal companies have'- as much
"inoneyjnvested asthe cost of some of
the, -nine" disasters/ of the past three
years, ;and that a liability, act .would
banl-rupt-90. per cent of the7com-
panies, should 'this class of disaster
visit.their mines'—surely such a. law
would endanger' the industry,'-and
therefore, cannot"*be the sober judgment,- or even'the sincere desire, of
either workmenjo'r employer. .
."The mining,'industry-should stan'l
fe_Cdy to bear-the'burden of its own accidents—it should stand ready to bear
the, burden of' its.own accidents—it
should stand "ready'to pay a tax of 1
cent.'per ton of coal mined to meet
the .necessities of the case and to provide the necessary funds.
It should stand ready to have this
fund administered wisely In the interests of the workmen and their families.
" It has.always stood ready to consider, arid" has introduced every known
precaution tb prevent these accidents
and to safeguard every man employed
above or below the ground. '
It considers all this right," reasonable
and just, arid that the best direction to
move in, to accomplish the„best results, is tho passing of the Workmen's
Compensation-Act.      '- '    '
This consideration of the subject is
not based upon selfish, or narrow motives.- v- The company I have the honor
to represent operates in five states—
the cost to'-our company, under this
proposed act, which it approves, will
mean $50,000* to' $60,000*a year, and it
is only one of many companies, all of
whichgoes to show that the industry
is. actuated wholly by humane motives
and a sincere desire to squarely meet
the conditions*of the times, therefore
the honesty of the, mining industry's
view of "the matter must'be self-evident to every right thinking man.
.In the preceding-argument we have
referred to; the best direction to move
in',to "accomplish the best results, and
tiave'clearly stated our reasons in favour, of the Compensation Act. There
is another "'important .matter to consider in connection .with this proposed
act, namely—the mining industry must;
gve Its best thoughts to the method of
introducing" and passing the Act—it
cannot be.left to the unfamiliar majority." . The combined' co-operative, influence and • wisdom-of this Congress
is vitally ■ necessary to guide ' public
opinion .and' legislators in Jhis" important matter. • 'The-'necessity for reasonably uniform legislation by the different-' states' of" the..Union must not
be "lost "sight of.".'.-.Uniformity of legislation on all subjects of common interest -is -one of, the- most important
-questions~of"!'the"times. / It-was_the_
Hon." Seth"Low7 president of the National Civic Federation,"' speaking upon
this question, .who said:
"If' one industrial' state makes a
change in,-theMaw "f>f master and "servant, or of negligence, it may unwittingly greatly, 'endanger „ its. manuf ac-
turing' industries, but if the competitive industrial states will move correspondingly along thesame lines, no one
of them is likely to lie endangered, and
the whole country-may be benefited,"
And, along .the same lines, it was
Senator Root who said;
"The time has como when each stato
must legislate-on.malters of common.
Inioroit from tho point of. vlow .f one
of'TftTiiily of states, lather than fro>..
tho point of view, of an individualism
that ls self-sufficient—tlie people of
tho country have grown together in so
many ways, without regard to stale
linos, that, unless fairly uniform legislation can bo had upon a constantly
increasing number of subjects, tlie daman for action by, tho' central govornmont is likely to bocomo irroBlstlblc,
and, In time, ovon to require an amendment of the Constitution ot tho United
States to glvo the central government
tho powor the statos fall to uso for tho
common benefit."
It ls to bring about Just this uniformity that wo recommend to tills Congress tho appointment of a gonoral
commltteo, and wo*.mlght go a littlo
farther'than tho prlnlod recommendation and hnvo this committee consist
of ono man from each of tho several
Btatos, this general committee to have
charge of the eiiactmont of tho law
proBontod by tho commltteo, each up-
pointoo lo act-nH chnlnnnn of a com-
int-too of flvo within IiIh stnto, composed of liimHolf nnd four other mom-
V-cis chnrgod with tlio duty and responsibility of seolnii to It that tlio nt.V.<.
legislatures of these statos nlmll pans
this law,
The nocosslty for careful study, for
tho widow which comes from tho
multitude of counsel, and for definite
nnd determined notion, Is clearly evident.
Tho Amorlcnn mining Industry
should hero go on record as favornble
to that solution of this problom which
ls right, renuonnblo, nnd Jimt lo tlio
indiifltry, to tho employer, nnd to tho
A Inn' thnt etr\\rt\« nt tlw> 1lfri of Mn»
I industry will ho a rnlaniltv.
A law that does Justice to employer
nnJ omployo, that co-operates, and
coinjM-nsatos, without delay, friction or
loss, will ho n blessing, Mny tho "wisdom whlrh cnmMh from nhnvo" lonrl
nnd giil'Io us into that which Is boat.—
Mines nnd Minerals,
'777-/   CREAM '
Is a protection and guarantee
against alum which is found in
the low priced baking powders,
/ ■       .      y
•    ■ - «
, To be on the safe side when buying
^   baking powder, examine the label and   *
take only a brand shown to be made
from Cream of Tartar.
• ..^ Notice Ib hereby given that' a dividend at the rate of
SIX "PER CENT, per annum upon the paid-up" Capital
Stock of this Bank ' has been' declared for the three
months .ending the 29th February, 1912, and the same will'
' be payable at its Head .Office and .Branches on and after
Friday, the 1st of March,  1912: ' Tho Transfer Books will
■ be closed'■from, the 16th* to the 29th'February, prox., both
days iriolusive. .,';.''
By order of the Board,
JAMES MASON, General Manager.
roronto,_17th_Jarinary, 1912,
offict "   TORONTO
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager,
Branches and connections
throughout Canada
Fernie Branch.
o       '       ..»l
Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
'fl it 1 y - _     *■
<> High class-.election of ,
Watches] Clocks and Noreliies
"... •  .     ,,,-'.-       1   *,,     >
,    ,   —* -tt"-    :      ~ ~-
The Lady Sits and Sews
-!*:*v*.-trjim»a»*HHr*t • ■     ■ 1
Get a Water Motor Washer
and Be Happy
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Monev to Loan on first class Busi-
ness and Residential property
I (•union «nd an «..M*k u>on tho ot*- J «hoqld have * knowledge of, tbetech-joist of tea «.ttl eompank* oonld ri*nd* I) nnn In TI1I1 wctlmn of ihx cnutiirv
thM-i ill other (tUriuuti put tngottier, And until thn lul
[it yenri •»»« iuppimm to bt Inrur_bl4. for » trritt
nuny yuri riouor. pmaountwd It • Iwal dl*** Mid
KtaulMl Im-M rem<-l.c mil bv ton.unily U'l'.'M
. rur» willi IomI U»»tm«*.t, proonuntwl II Ine tm We.
Bcltnm hsi provm (*»l>rrti to b* • ro««titu(l«)«l m_-
rw. nn/l then-rivro tfi\iitm nwMltittlmtl trr^tmi-nt.
1l»lt'» f-mrrti . lirr. mimitiPtiiffil top V. )■ ' tirnri
A (M, "in'cVj, Ohio, la liui only (.ynnlllulluiuJ tun- nr.
th« mifUi-t. tt I* Ukrn imthMk In d<wi lr»tt if
Attr* \n % iMiiwrnlul. Il trti rtlw.Uro. th» Wf»»
»-.1 imh-'ii furfniw «if Uif »)'«H-TO. Tltrv rfl-r «•'<
M„t«»>l rtnlhr" tor »«v f*w It f»i|« to nir*. Men*
»«r r ri"i( im .i-i| .'«ilm<iil*t»,
.< t-lr.« V. .1, f'HKSKV A CO., TtMn. OUn.
h-t |i< |t->.'"ii. J'*„ 'I   -        1.
ji ui 11 a 11 il 'r i'.;»'wiv mu <«i.
Up-to-date,    Consult Me First
Before having your .IprlriB Rawing dono boo MRS, K. L. CARD, Firm-
claim DreiimnklriK nnd Tlnln and Fancy Sowing.
Price* rci-soiiablc.    15, Pcllott Avonuo,
8ulU a •tH.clallty.
«   --rt,	 i_-_8___ffit^vi's*f-,_**swa_t
[yv ;*V ,*$v;N>>-; v -
B rc.WJiMj'-Mlki'.^&gW1
ra^Z -y^^y yy,yy^^y,J|^^Wj^g^^g
^ff>„»,A1^w^.-^.».*-j»°'"; .»■ ■'■■-■ -ji—,■*- -,■■-■■.■"■■ ......... ,.;-.^i^..-.jj...-a.-... . : ..^—„-r__T_^"jmji.
7 ? --"*.
t ■* . *
j ,*
'    -.^ J ^ --^
Porte Us the Boom o
World Slowing yTOoivn in Daily TRptatfpn--
Days Becofne Year
thing else^-a. bit of pap^rJfolded7caref
fully in\tjwsuuio_i^due *boo1r..%-f"!rhe:W
ceipbforfisVt ^month's rent.';-'.' 77%
Noythere"'-;aro,two pieoesfof paper-
an Recountof "monthly 'pajTnei_ts;;6n ~a.
piano and the' receipt for. last' month's
vent—"$.67- ?? ■ . .•: sT^Sy}^ ,
. But -who'll pay the rent iiexi;month?
And who'll'break.the news'jtb^tfioTwo-]
man's*.whose sweet face*. i'B">*i'_.7tbe
-watch?-7 "•".-
A few weeks ago -when' the British
Association for the Advancement of
Science held Its annual meeting at
Portsmouth, Prof. Sir William Ramsay, whose name will be forever associated with thataof the Curies in connection with the discoveries of radium,
startled the world by predicting within
the next few hundred years the exhaustion of'the coal fields should the
present rate of consumption of that
mineral, continue..        •
Now comes .another discovery of
even more terrible import to the human race. Fortunately its appalling
effects will not be felt for some three
thousand years after the coal has been
burnt, up so that after the present inhabitants of the world-may.regard it
with philosophic interest only.
The announcement comes, from Prof.
Louis A . Mauer, of the Carnegie Jn-
■ situate at "Washington, that tbe world
Is slowing down in its daily rotation
, and .that'the day is rapidly'approaching when one side will be perpetually
exposed to the,rays of'the sun and
will be dried upland blistered, while
the other side will be in a condition
, of everlasting freeze.     His" argument
1 is that as the world is slowing down
in the daily rotation the days are get-
"*■ ting longer.   Magnetic storms are putting a magnetic brake on the earth,
and if they, continue -to constrict this
brake' .at the rate measured for the
past ten years, in just 3,320 years this
good old earth will no longer be turning like one of Mathewson's curved
balls", but will settle down, with one
side in' perpetual sunshine, blasted by
withering'heat, and the other side in
- endless darkness and cold, corresponding-to the extreme frigidity of inter-
" stellar space. -
.Observe, not claimed that the
*' earth positively will come' to a standstill in-this'year 5321 A. D., but simply
that ,it is being* subjected to a brake
1 that-may stop it by that (time.    'Pro-
' bably most   scientists   would   argue
>  that magnetic storms will be less-vio-
-   lent in future; that other forces will
intervene and that the stopping of the
earth will be postponed-a great many
"j^yeai-sTbeyoiiu'tlie-'dateTiamedr "    <-.—
* But all scientists, it is claimed, will
acquiesce in tbe statement that the
earth is slowing do'wn and sooner or
later will come to a stop.
When the earth stops turning the
, side towards the sun will become over-
• heated, and water will dry up and
blistering deserts will cover the sur-.
face. Near the edge of the sunlit side
there will be a temperate zone.-where
or thereabouts, remaining at the, same
"■ heighr above the horizon year In and
year out. E\'ery hour will bo like
six o'clock In the morning of a sum-
mor day. To this delightful' region
the world's population will flock."
• A littlo removed from the hot area
will bo tlio twilight' one, also quite
habitable, with the sun unending nt
the horizon,     ' •
Though life In the torrid or hot zono
will be Insupportable, as a rulo, yet
on tho outer edges, whoro the sun Is
hut two or threo hours high, pooplo
may llvo In a temperature of 100 to
140 degrees by means of .various cooling devices,
On tho dark sldo of tho earth all
the-water will be frozen solid —even-
mercury will freeze in that awful ,chill.
It will be'impossible for human: beings
to penetrate more than three" "or-four'
hundred miles into the dark and frigid
zone, which will be far" more" inaccessible' than are now polar wastes.
During the period when the" earth's'
days are lengthening perceptibly great
social changes must come about, due
to the difference in hours. ' When the
days get" to forty hours long it will,
surely be necessary to arrange* for a
period of rest and sleep in the middle
of the day. Think of a long' day in
which it gets light only'at ten o'clock
and we rise and go to-work at 12; at
16 o'clock we are allowed, a recess and
lunch. At" 20 o'cloci-rwe stop and
dine and take ^ a nap, At 22 o'clock
we go!to work again; recess'at'24,
with more* lunch. At'-29\we'"<_u_t— the' rush hour for street
cars.-', At 30 o'clock we are home for
our night dinner; at 32 we go-to the
theatre." At 36 o'clock the people begin to go to bed and by 38 or 39 o'clock
the last night prowler should be,in
bed.-       y.    , ' "   '
As the days begin to" lengthen until
they exceed a week's duration all sorts
of complications will ensue, and the
days,' weeks and months will become:
hopelessly mixed. Scientists agree
that the lunar , month will lengthen
as the day lengthens, though the day
will "increase the more rapidly. - According to Prof. Ernest W. Brown, of
Haverford   College,   who   has   given
special" attention to this subject, there
wiUcdme a time when the month and
the day will i_ot";be of the same dura-;
of'ab'out 1,300 hours/or 55 per.contTof
our present days.    - *    _'.•-"-'■"
•. _y,     ■*,    '->- - -  \_ - „    - >
, As the .earth's days, get longer and
longer the time,will come when a day
is a yearlong. Then there will be .no
more days and nights, no'weeks and
no months. The earth always will
have one side to the.sunarid themoon
Will have, one side to the earth,'-"and
the two will turn around the sun once
a year as Jf fixed on a rigid bar. There
will be no-more" seasons of the earth'
,«.-„r. ' - \f.i**. -.'1 ...   -•_•  *-..
•i^-0-. -,x'-
"'- "'-."',:      .*.-  J - * ,*--.": -V /,"*■' - -'   "7"- ■' •   -■¥--""  "•->.-,   •*-        -"--  V*
'y  '        -      -■- "f "--■ ; .   - .   ..      ~      ■    ■•       .    - .... ,;. f,„ 1
-   .-'r^'-.'-y.y**. ,-.-.:_■•'*■.:.-..... ---yy, ^v-,-x fy;''7--"-'yav---i^Ai'.^7V
..- -•_^__H_^^;-ny-^HIGnE51^K'ij_^-l.^- __#«_»r. &m^y.^'yy:-iy~_'yi;* ■
k     TQUAtlllY
F>? Si  *ff*-:.- •  ■
—no'spring,.summer, autumn or winter. "■- The'weather of the several sea{
sons can be - experie"nced\only by tra-'
yelling to and fro'between the-hot aiid
cold zonesyfor one half will he „ perpetually "hot, dry,' and parched; ' the
'other' will; be" 'like the polar '.regions
during the long Artie night.   *";""'    ;     .
It-is-clear that'property'values in
more than half,the plane >wlll'be wiped out.' 'Cities and?farm's/throughout
tne dark half of the'globe will be buried* under perpetual - glaciers.-,-*;, Corf
respondlngly values will rise,7en'6rm-
ously in real estate'just on-the 'cool
edge of the hot hemisphere. ' '"
knows,-nor can calculate "at this time
what nart of the earth will be"" included jn this habitable strip" or-belt'
any more than-they can predict which'
half Tof" the, .world will * be vhot, aiid
which cold. All that science can forecast' is that men will migrate' to that
rim.-,".* y.* - '■■    ■ '       •**
* I "am glck*of these crIe~s;for.."law and
order? '-wh'e_iever]:;a hungry.and-but-
raged ,-workman.-.,bre*aks ->^,'jfindaiw,
while the. law.-7a.iid": order, are v ground
under "the^heels" of' our jwhole7 capitalist society.y I am- sick :of ..heajrlng, of
the .."rights' of, the";public': ^whenever
theie is,a conflict between capital'and
labor. 7-There can be no.rights1 unless'
there,are res'ponsibilitSs-also, ."A public that, can'sit "supinely inj-fespon-;'
siye ^lence.whle-its own,laws,, are* being violated,by commercial banditti; a
public ;tha"toass'umes no" fesponsibllity
for and'^takes'no^ interest .'in'.the lives
of the men who dig.*its coal.and handle" its meat;, and-run its.'railroads..a"
cowardly public^,yvhich7whines -'its
spite' against*'those _who :serve' it, and-
licks the feet- of:. those '.who rob it^-„
such a public,' has-no.rights,.that any-,
one is bound, to', respect.—Franklin -H.
Wetnworth. *,, L   y.'--~ " <"' i . .    '-.
Bad News for
Thomas   McConnell  in   the
Francisco Bulletin     " .
He 'didn't .punch the' time clock' as
he passel out,today, y And he
fore the whistle blew. He didn't say.
"Good night!" to the cashier, but pass-
It w"as
A Triumph of Ohemlslry and  <
Prta.maoautloal Skill
Oil from tho liver of tho cod-fin., haa
boon used for urob aB a preventive, of
dlecnao and a restorative.
For a lonn timo it has boon tho
opinion thnt tho medicinal vnluo of Cod
* Liver Oil was tlio Rreasy, oily part itsolf
—its only dniwtxick buinu tlio unpalatable, fishy taHlo of tlio oil. Prom tho
flnit exports havo boon tryinc to find
moans to mnko it moro palntablo. Thoy
. used to "cut" it with whisky—tnko ft
in -wino—flavor it with lemon iuico—
anything to got away from that abomitw
ablo fishy tasto ami smell.
Lots of peoplo still tnko it in Emulsion form, which is nothing moro than
"churned" oil—broken un—but still
greasy, oily and n strain on (ho dif.cfl.lon,
Doctors worn slow to find out that
tlio oil was n distinct drawback to tho
medicinal principles contained in tho
cod liver. 	
Cnulo oil is qulto Indigestible, and
will, in timo, put tbo strongest stomach
©ut of ordor,
A wny has now boon discovered to do
nway with tho groaoo nnd tho smoll, nnd
yet retain all tlio medicinal properties
of lho liver. This is dono by removlnn
tho fresh oil from tho new livers. The
liver pulp is then reduced to tho form
, of an extract like beef extract.
*'     Nyal's Cod Liver Compound fs simply
,iM_    4i « W-     <.A.«^^_    W.-**,*'...>_,    *..,„_-   •— ♦    _-*
trnrt, of malt and hwillnn wild ehenry,
li also contains thb true hyponhOHphitcs.
This combination makta Nyal'* Cod
Liver Compound a delicious tonic-
builds up tho system, and makes you
Take it when you feel yourself losing
ytiur   KTIp.    _*.»   _.   l.'«,iu/u.i.   VO  'ihltr-s.
even the ehlldren like it. 11.00 per largo
bottle. ,, .
If you try this remedy" we know you
will bo pleased. Nyal Remedies we sincerely believo to bo the best medicine
•Values oflTorcd. 11
For Hnlo fn Vertm nnti ntinrnntrH by
the morning,„when the crawling hands
bi the clock were far away from the
last-hour, he ^dropped his-tools, according to the timekeeper 'and the
books.,    7
At ten o'clock the grimy interior of
the foundry, j^ith its 'sweating tollers,
its many fires, lis tons of iron, its
looming girders, ts .whirling machinery
and swift-moving cranes passed from
his sight; and he entered tho endless
"At 10 o'clock the noise of the^foundry died In. his ears as swiftly as
lightning fits'., And tho black silence
came ln, • Swiftly hoo passed out of
the smoky, sweating, 111-smclllng clamorous work day. He was claimed by
tho noiseless night that has no Iron,
nor tools, nor tlmo clock.
- At 10 o'clock ho mot tho end of
timo. Aftor that ho paid no heed to
bosses and clocks and bookkeepers,
for there Ib no need for such-things
when tlmo and toll havo consod. ■
But tlmo ceased for him too suddenly. Ho wns given not ono mlnuto of
respite. lie had something to say.
His volco died boforo ho could sny
farewell to tho frail creatures who
depended upon him for tholr dally
bfoftd. Ho was glvon no tlmo ln
which to pload for thorn.' And his
sight was dimmed beforo ho could
take ono last look in tho direction of
tho homo.
Tho ond of tlio world came upon him
whon tlio day wni. young. It giwo
no warning. It found him with smut
nnd'sweat on his face, with tho tools
ln his hands,
But tho necktie that sho had tlod
ho carefully, so lovingly, a fow hours
boforo wns still unmunsod. Tho touch
ot hor gentle hnnd wnn still ovldont.
Tlio BwootnoHR of hor morning kiss
waH still on his lips,
Wo don't know wlint wns In his mind
when tho ond enmo, Hut ho had
ninny MiIiikh to think about. Thoro
wiih tho rent nnd tho crodit plnno nnd
tlio littlo womnn nnd tho futuro of tho
Koldon-hnlrod daughter,
Tho clnrig of tho nmhulnnco gong
didn't blond \u*)l with lho Iron din of
tho foundry. But tho tollers heard It.
Well thoy know its Rlenlflcnnco. And
thoy moved more rnrofully. Somo
looked fearfully at tho Iiuko Klrdoni
Hint dangled in (ho nir. Somo touted
tho firmnoBs of thn hnmmcr-hcnds,
.<l«.ru   Wit  lUUUvilllt,  ul   <(.u  iuuUlti
ilui.ii. Tur fjfw iiU i-^lii-' c>f lh_' "ocitj'
shop—from lho dlzsy heights of tho
rrnnem«m. from tho de.poBt sink of
tho bollor motors, from tho midst or
tho flarlT-i? tires—tho whiteness of tho
.,,. . n ml 111. ,1, Mil.
.it".1-.    r/,h_»«V.I_n fctvw   «'H.','.   V.'_ ,_*   la_   -**'„
litter ngalnst tho blackness of tho
foundry shono as tho lightning shlnos
ngnlnst black thunder clouds. It
shrieked ns a clean, whlto thing might
shriek ngalnst something thnt Is ,a
rllrty MAftk.
Hurriedly thoy carried him out, for
hfi wns mill h^nthln... But thoy left
tho heavy Iron pollot behind, It was
no longer a tool of tho foundry though.
It was no longer a mero thing Inanimate—the pellet of stool that had
dropped upon him from tho rafters.
Tt had a character now. Tt had In-
cffttcctiTS.e slain! upon It    It was
wet'with, his" good red blood,
of-his .hair, was clinging to it.
a'thing for the melting pot.
,Tlie'two ^lines l>f stevedores
were, gathered on either side j;of the
driveway, pf the Harbor Hospitalwe^e
strangely silent, as the vehicle bade-'
ed" quickly "In^betwen  them.
seemed to know, what was,coming, although'-there was'no smuts upon the
ambulance.-1    '
The hospital doors were __. opened
wide to receive the burden of the
ambulance.,' Slowly the" litter was
drawn out,' and the creaking of tlie
rollers fell heavily upon the ears of
thejnute crowd.    '
The shoes, worn and burst and torn
told a story. They were tho batter-1
ed feet of Toil, .heavy, hob-n'alled, arid
stained with'tho blackness of tho foundry. , They were patient, plodding
feot; feefthatyinew weariness; feet
that had-tramped constantly between
the whistle of.the early morning,and
tho whistle of tho day's end. ,.'••,;
vThen, the blue overalls, patchod,arid
mended.' Thero was the evidence of
the""woman'a,hand. See how she has
washed and washed the tattorod'trousers. Tho overnllB told a story.i'too;
nnd in'their story thoro was economy
and thrift and poverty and toll.
A leather belt encircled his thick
waist, And the hand rested upon his
stomach. , Tlioy "wore hands' ' that
would not fit well Into kid glovos.. ■
Thoy woro stained with - toil, and
thick from hnrd usage, and marred
and crooked "by'llttlo accidents, >
Next camo lho shirt, tho poor shirt
with tho murks of woman's hand, with
tho signs of stinting nnd scraping, it,
wasn't a wholo shirt. Tho days of its
wholeness had passed long nfro. it
was frayed all over and patched with
goods thnt failed tb mako a hnrmoni-
ous' wholo, ,      '      '
It would opon nt tho nook, showing
n hairy client. , And wo saw that ho
wbb breathing. - Butlho vlso and fall
of the chest was too faint. IIo wj.b
breathing hia last.
Ho wiih smiling. What in tho world
ho hnd to timllo about wo didn't know.
Hut tho smllo was thoro, n swoot patient smllo. And It nccontuatod the
honvy lino of caro. It holghtcnod tho
horror of lho rod currents thnt trickled through tho grlmo of toll on his
faeo, Thoy gnvo usjusfono short
gllmpeo of tho hend. Then tliey cov-
orod It with a cloth—and that cloth
changed its color from whlto to rod
ln ii momont, ' In n moment tho dry
cloth bocTirno wet nnd noddon and
Horo Is his lunch bnskot,    Who'll
<. i   »ii     ,i,n.„ , i      ■,
I*..... .. *«...*,_- .v ...^ )>_,..._.«. Mm. ^.-.lion thorc (WorrtUr-.'. lX'n pro what
sho put Into It thin morning. A bottlo of coffeo first; a nnpkln of snowy
whites ono oirir, two thick snndwIchoB
—that11 Is to say, tho slices of broad
>-j*r>»A    ".Vff-lr*    ♦*»>/.    v<t>*f\*t¥    TT*""    i^,Iir   M *,.
I   ,.    . ' _ ■      ""'      •'»',       •*vhfcla>
—and a pleco of home-made applo pio,
That's all.
Lot's soo whnt ho hns In his pocket. How much money? A 6 cont,
plow, car-fore, /lo won't need Hint
today. Thoy'11 send him homo In n
vchiclo that charges, no faro—a ve-
hide that I* black nnd hns no trolloy.
What *1«e? A union card and a
watch of gold—old gold llko that of
tho rr.arr.agw ring upon his fliiRor,
Hera Is tho woman's plctuw paatod
insldo tbo watch, so that ho had to
look upon hor swoot, patient faeo whon
•tor h« looked nt tho tlm*.    Botno-
,;ByiHerbert Kaufman '.v ';:'
, Don't t'eli us'Jwhat" you have—show
us what .you;have*done;'', "^Don't^point
out' what" you .own", .but'demonstrate
what you haye, achieved through "your
own'efforts.$£.•- 7 7,7*"'-   - :'y
-tYou're-noTbiore responsible'-, for hv
herlted wealth,., than ..for    Inherited
health.,.7 7y, rpy;    ; y,.v
-* It roquires^exactly the same" amount,
ot brains -to^fall intV a; fortun^that' it
takes'to fall' into a*puddle.    ,   ' V.,*.* -V,
.-You're:not"!Vbig fIgiirV because you
figure,inAbig-*sums.; Your .actual;size"
-is" indicated-,by ,your achievements, y
;_'.The'dollarVmark can't make'you? a
man "-'of 'inark.7   . '7   ",- y;°7;r
% What, have'."'you created—what 'did
you give the world that it*'
fore, possessed—with .'what ideas 'have
you *. fertilized', advancement—what enthusiasms,'.have you , aroused—;what.
have you^donei'td make us hbpe^harder
or strive farther—what seed of inspira)
.tioriyhave ,yqU . planted—what ,fight
have^you/fpught in the ,name of!>the
'common.good? .  •      7-":-7'."7
. „Of - all; the^citizens ,'of, the .".country
you're,the'-'least-essential. ,- The scav-
cnger, the .digger of sewers,* the-rat
catcher and the street sweeper; are-far
iQureesBenual ioTxne communnyrTney
are-doing their, level best to helpT-ybu,
make no*attempt. .You're a'-drone7.
an--, eater-;,in 7the hive—you neither?
spread pollen* nor gather honey^you're
a waster—a'.falslty of civilization. :„-■
. .In1 an elder day you would be forced
,t.o^ demonstrate'your worth or surrender whaVyoir are .worth to your more'
husky., and • active • betters.
,/ The.Almanach- de Gotha, Burke's
Peerage'and De.Brett ceased to hold
significance"-with the appearance of
the'"capital ,"S"-„in. "Society." A
* When men'climbed'into" superiority
on a'la'dder, of'swords—when coats-of-
arms were worn' upon*; the battlefield
"and not upon ^limousine ^oors—when
the;lusty,ana militant, could command
rejspoct—whon • casto "was the guerdon
of., valor—whon' bravery and service
alone could confer ' distinction—you
would-havo been a,sutler or a camp
follower.   , •   ,  *-
A flrsjt-class,. ,-nbrmali > rod-blooded
malo has never at any "period In history
been an Idler.
- Do something, be something—quit
dawdling—pvove-your, box and learn
tho self respect*' that can only como
from self-support. *    •
You're nol a'real liuman—you're a
puppot—a play actor ln tho groat comedy o! Sham.        ;;"
' Naturo novor intended' that   thoro
should bo men* like you.
By tho law of '.survival, by tho pro-
cobb of contoBt you would havo boon
ollmlnatod by naturo of your own incapacity,     *" y   "   k- x   (i
Somo noar .nnooBtor of yours must
havo posBOBBcd'sufficient onorgy and
commonaenso-r-a .hard enough bond
and strong enough handB to o'nrn'what
ybu npond.
Provo your brood—put your Bhould-
ora ngnliiBt tho earth nnd help tho
rout of ub koop it turning.,
One of the's'pecIal-lnewB.correBpoa;
dents in Washln_rt6n-,has"'just"sent out
an item relative .tofttfff-wbollen^miilH
and cheap labor.y He'.says^Tln'view
of the strike of ;7textlle".;-w'orkerB 7at
Lawrence, Mass.,". it *>1b '-ntersoUt-g'-to'
know how the'woollen-mill'-owners attract cheap.lebor* to' their'mills.*'Congressman A, (f. Gardne'r^of-Mas'sachu-;
setts, one day in the"House'cbntrlbut-
ed some valuable 'fnfbrmation to";the
subject.     'Tor.;example,"  said .Mr.
Gardner, "suppose I"am a;Syrlan?con-,
ducting"' a Syrian boarding
the, city ofsI_owell,'Mass.""1 '"Perhaps
some mill sends down to me for hands.*
I furnish "them at a somewhat, lower
rate', of-wages' than is ."expected "by
ordinary citizen help."   I",advance3 the
money for • Syrhin, emigrants/to. come.
tiliia. the Old Country.1 ''<, I tell them
that"" if ■; they, do: nbt""pa'y''me back, the -
money" advanced-1 will fiave'lthem'.> nv{
rested;'' ^that- they .must -hand- oyer, the'
full.,wages .that they!, get ""in the" mill.
They are held 'in. terror- of -the police/
Meanwhile I.takej,ll.tkeir?wge*.,"while"
■I feed themoand^,keep-tb'em.*'allveV just
as I would Lf«'ed: and-keep'a horse^aliyo
that I had imported for-use",in a livery
istable." ,'  . 7 -S ■•        \     \\SS.
•<.-   .j} blend of indeSicriboHy delio-., 1
7 • ious" flavor, peculiarly -'adapted, to- >'   ""I
; ,',-Krviiig at8ocialfunction» ai*dj«e-.g7 ^ r
■'-.j.feired By'many for^a^.Vccassonsi-n:-./
J." Owing tb itsstrehgthi'-but the s?»a"'',y "#>■ i
'.ie_t" quantity, required.;-*' Sealed is.
air-tight, dust-proof packages.:
■■'."'''."."'•30c.,per Pcund-iX.
■ Other RUgwayi.Specialtie.j<'''7
■^V; $1.00 pwlb.^--;,
'' 7 "Old G)untry»'y-
~    50c-perll».;:i-77
, ',Cftpit-lHout«!-ol<^,".
40c. per lb.* .   *
~iM«y A'ow bt /fad'
in Town al \
• £tf( S/ttfs
■<?: ~X-y
«f5TD .
7>ySm .CQ'MMERGE; y y
7 7 .7; ft- 7t-   ALEXANDER LAIRD, Gcncrai. Mmuoer- •*     > 7 ,,.   •-;
capital, - $iotb6o;oooi,   : ;
Every branch of The Cimadian Bank of Commerce Is equipped to Issue draftsmr.
the principal cities in the folio wing countrlu without delay iy ,, i:' -_t ■ - *. '"■
-,'-t'i&ca.,^ -',.'",C«to.        .- Greoe*^     ,    „   -NewZoilM-i:-,,1 Sibena
GERMANS; FROM* CANADA     -     .,
.TriumphT,of Democracy In Fatherland
7 Partly Due to Overseas-Visitors    .'
i-r"BER7-,IN, .Feb75.—There appears to
have been", a good deal-of-campaigning, done-toward the,triumph of-.'social
democracy at" the recent elections by
Germans wW-had"lived, a. long time-
in", the United" StatesNandCana,da, then"
Returned Ho the fatherlands Such aid
was warmly welcomed by the socialist
leaders." -".Prodigal sons/of that-type
who return-toHh'eir native heath"prove
to'be-first-class agitators.   . ■'    "'""*■ v.*
-* -", ', v. - •; - & ■--•;-.*■, ■
;,;They"are full of tlie spirit of* liberty,"
helhg'especiatly influenced by-th-e free-.-
,dom frond supervision ,by soldiers and
police, -svhich'', they -aro.,able"to"; enjoy-
in -America:! ... - - /," •- ;*<v. •'.
-,,, They were' encouraged -',* so"_t'o
,th'7utmost •■ degree -, during ;the recent
campaigning.-? More than 'one ,"red"_
•ylctbry^fn 'a close, const! tufency.. Is fas-.'
Arabia, '   '-'v-  .(Mm. $<$*$
Ar e-ntin- Republic' Deamuk l1*}?**
Australia-.-'   *   Bupl, *•     ■     '   India
' Austria-HuBfary *-. Faroe laiaadi Irelaai
Belc-um  ;- >* .. -'Fialaal •- ,        *  Italy -    •<
Braril,-,     ' ' J".": Fenooae . - Japaa   -
- Bulgaria';--,_.« *'-.- Fnnee . '  Ja*»a
. Cevfoo   "-.'-' r-yWdn Cockla China Matta
'Cluli-,   V.v-y GermUny^ Mancburia
' China ', V* . '.   ■   Great Britain '..„  Mexico
Noroay    ' Soud*u...   •'"-   ?-,-,.*'
- Panaaia .' - South Africa  '. ,".,..-. ,
Ponta    u., ",,   , Spain    -
Pent .    .,•>'''-   Stfaiti Scttlenna*-.  -. >
F_aKppi)wliU__b, Sweden -.  ...  -   "
Fortut-al   .     ,*. - Sml-eriand _-.
Roumaaia „  --,-*?, -Turker    • , „y.-.- ; -
Ru»«ia   . .       ,'  UnitedStaUt _ <■-*,, V
Sema^'"-*'   -, -UniBuay ' ,*y-y J.",
■•15-a '7.   .    ";'W_i- IwBei, ete-,y? •
The amount of these drafts is stated in tho MOtwy of tho country Trhore they are pay-,,
able j that is they arer-drawn in sterling, francs, marks, lire, kronen, flonni; yen,.v
'Uels,'roubles," etc?, as tho case ThU ensures that the, payee abroad *JJJ.y   Vj/.A
.'receive the actualamount intended. "•"      '...""      '.;' ' ;'*. sy"-;7 y.'-,\:,~l'7  ( V*|
•FERNIE BRANCH '-T-:,-?7^ 77 L.7 A. 3;'OACK,-' Manager. - 7*7. >
y.■:'-,' r-y- '■ v 'v-.,;,;..,--,;;,' y   .    ,".--. ,.,*,*'-.> J"'!-r-yyyyl
cribjad ,* to the campaign '-'ammunition;
theseV'penitent subjects", of;the kaiser
brought, back .with them-frbiri^
of,unlimited possibilities."?-.';-'- " ;.
: The/Kaiser . opens the - new -Reich-'
stag'in state" at the' palace next*, Wednesday."*? '-'As, "the".Socialists-refrain""
on principle from going to.-; the% palace
only 287 of the hew parliament's members will obey the .imperial .'command
to, assemble at the foot of the throne:
-,.It will he the smallest parliamentary
''party"- which the Kaiser has ever
given "Die Augustine.'',
y . "Many a.fortune can, b"ettraced back.,,., ;^
"• -\ l. to ''the 'day,.'Its owner *depbs{te'd."*the,«-.y
', first dollar in a,Saving Account.*"-' '" ■*'***'>-v
.•■-,,.'' The i one dollar  affordsyan^incen-,.;:',?-,
7*^WTOyto7d"eposltfmoreyflHaJ7 .asTt'lntef- *- &.y
y... est -is?" added" to ^prlnclpalj -.the;- small
*'_->-. sum gro\vs ;*morer and-/more*' rapidly
•'*/ becomes a competerice."-
-7 One" Dollar; will7*start" an- account
",'y'with the iBank, of Hamilton;,' „"':-:: -;"
; ""' J.lfR'.'.SLOAN7(-7../*VflAoen.,; Fernie,
t!" *"■','
" There (ire indifferent? kinds of union
men.;   Ond;kind.Ib the man who pays
his duos and''"considers that he has
fulfilled all-his obligations to his organization'by bo doing.  ,'Ho is never
seen at a'meeting of his union unlosB
some mntters Is coming up for action
which would'affect his pocket.     Another kind ^Ib tho man yOb cams good
wages.under union ,'conditions'   and
spends the-money ho earned for nonunion products.'' *Ho does not toko tho
trouble, to even ■ nsk' for union label
goods, > But tho king pin of all Ib tho
mnn who joins the union,,not becauso
Ho wants to,"but" because by bo doing
ho ,cnn* bonofit financially—can, onjoy
the bottor conditions'brought about by'
tho' unselfish devotion-ot roal union
men' to-tho cause ot trades unionism,
and who havo glvon ot tholr tlmo and
monoy' to make it what it is -today—
ono,oMbo.greatest tor<,0B,tor tho uplift of mankind In this world of ours.
—Newark Labor Bulletin.
7 HEAD OFFICE, TORONTOy 7. 7 * 7 >" ,-
Capital Subscribed77', elOOO.OOO,, Capital*' Paid. Up 7, .7 6,996,900*
Reiervo Ff,und;,'...;."...'.■«5,996,9007..  Total Asset.\.,'.'...7 72,O0O',6bo
„ -, >Q,:k. WILKIE, President   ' ,', HON/Robr JAFFRAY, VlcePres.'
,'y       .BRANCHE8   IN .BRITI8H COLUMBIA, .7     .,'   .      .
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Mlchol, Moyle, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver'and Victoria.'* '"'• '
.•,;*, S 'SAVINGS DEPARTMENTy .,-. .!,
*  Interest allowed on deposits at current late from d»te of .deposit.'   "
.' FERNIE'bRANCH. 7  ...   ',- . 7-- • y  °EO. I. B.BELL, Manager,'
SMhM Gun
New Cardinal's Talk
.   On Labor Problems
mm YOItK, Fob. ♦3.—Cardinal
Farley was ono of tho guosts of
honor at tho annual convention dlnnor
nf tli/*. ruirtovlnifft'^^t Af t\\n HfMrft-
polltnn T.lfo Tnufano^ ' rompnnv 'Innt
night In tho grand ballroom of tho
Hotel ABtor.
In his nftor dlnnor nddroBR ho touched briefly upon tho differences hot-
"WOP*)   prt*-i-.n1   *•* ■*   VmIi^h    ifiA.I/iVi     Va   t*n1A
often Rccm to bo standing llko two
armies In battle array, waiting for tho
ordor to attack ono anothor. Ho «nld
"I hnvo had occasion to apeak to
cnpltollstB from tlmo to tlmo—and of
course tho nuoxtlon of cnpital and la*
hor Ih too largo a ono to ontor upon
tonight, hut I havo taken occasion onco
In n while to any my mind on tho utth-
Joct, and my mind wai this: ',
"That a fatherly Intorest and aym-
yathctlc relation betwoon employer
and omployocB wo«ld tolvo ^h« ootlro
rtlfflcnlly hotwM>n rapMal and labor.
Stand Llko Embattled ArmUl Today.
"As thoy stand now today, In a largo
inoaBuro nt least thoy look to mo llko
two galleries of ntatuon, faclftgono
nnotlior, having no flympathy. with,ono
auottier w.tuiv>vr, .no tie, lip iwitU,
iuiU uno ii.iivi^;.ileal, Ycty atlcu
thoy seni to ho standing llko two arm-
lea In buttle, waiting for tho ordor to
f(ttnck olio another.
"That Bhould not ho,    That Ib not
Aw.v.Uiu,        "_'_,<_V' kl.   tk\)i   C.*iiiiiAliv>fi,
Thoro should bo a sympathy between
thorn, Tho employer ought to fool that
ho Ib tho fnthor of bis pooplo, and
whon a severe RlcVnoBB of death comes
Into tho family of any ono of those
in hla omploy, ho should atop In, not
In person, /or he could not «ee them
all, hnt hy his nnpolntni. r*»pivtH#>ntn«
llvo, and let lho company carry it»
tympathy Into tho, heart of that family and make thorn' foe] that thoy are
not atone in tbe world and not mere
working machine to wrlnff tbe last
drop of aweat from tholr bodf. That
U iny ldc& of tho proper relation."
' Wo diNiIra to call (lm attention of ail thou
;,nf„lot; il Willi* nny Ulood or Skin DUhm to Now Mtlhod TreMmtn. nt a Buarmiier
euro fiu'tiiun oomptalnti.  Ihero ts no *
ouso for auy person having n Ulillniiroil fnco
from eruptions nnd l.olotioa. Mo mntter
whothor liorcailmy or ncnulroit, our •iioolilo
romotlicx aiiit tren'men. ncutmllno nil pol*
sons In tho Utoo.1 nnd expvl tli»m from tha
system. Our vast oxpcrlsnco In the treat*
-iiontorthoutamliot tlio most serious and*
compiles..), cases enables us to portoot a
cure wliliouto:;p.rlmonllng. Wodoliiulnc-.
on tlio plun-Pir Onlr for, «ht> R.n.llt You
Dflrivo,. K you linvo nny bl
Dflrivo, I( you nny blood ducsM, oon>
suU us Fra* of Chtrt* and let, us provo to
you how nulokly our remwllot wllf rfmovo
nllevdJoncosodlliPAMt, Under tho Inilu-ncfl
of tlio Now Mtlhod Trottmsnt tho »Mn t*4V
comes olonr, \ilcors, pimples nnd hlofches
lioal up, enlarKod fflauils u " *- '—
' In ptrnin,
'  Bin! tor DooliUt an DIkii«* of M«n
11 unsbls U ctll, writ*.far » QumIIos UUl
for Horn* Trustmtnt
 ,  ,„ T urnroiliicedi falleu
Sut linlr (trows In ngnm, tlm cyrs lircomo
i-lBht, ambltlnasna encrfty return, ami tns
yotimrouluesr. now llfo uu opouod up to,
nine Itf PMNFIW'^lkf FIIMFnY I
stifi is.»_•■*• •**,<*mmmr m   "m^ammmmm-vttaMiitmmf m
Cor. t\Hdii_uik Av<f w& GthmU SI,  DctioK, ttVult,
UflTlftlT     AI'IelUnl ^ro Canada mint be address*!
Wvl wVmia     to our Osnsdltn OoiT*»j>omltn«. D-nut*
mmmmmmmm- meBt jn windwr, Ont. Tf you desire to
tee ua heraonally call at our Medical Institute in Detroit aa wo eeeauri treat
ma iwUMU in our Windsor offiots -which arr. for Ciwn^TiondcTire and
UbortiUirji', tor t_nnadihn tnmnfciis only.  Addrcos all Idtcra aa jollowai
Write fot utt Vrivata addrssa,
A potritlod human skull, with features, pcftcity prosorved, wau fouud
cml-^ddod fn a vten of coal at Ihe
Davit* Mliuui, Yltouiui, W. Va.
•   •   •
EaKland la fa«t ovolvin* toward a
social auto, In the opinion ot Rov,
Kobc.t Whittakcr, wbo> hu Just ro-
turned to his.hom« In Ban Francisco
up Just aa thoy- aro In tho United
flfafoa, clAfnis WhlHaker, bccauno tlwy
havo lost tbclr meaning In tbo light
of modem indnatrlal problema, "Th<»
policies of Socialism," nays 'Whltta'ker,
'have been endorsed by tbo great labor partus in Bngland. Tbo ma*
Jorily of lho party aro Socialists at
heart." Her, WhUUkor adda thai.
Lloyd aoorw la oompalkd io tako up
after apend ing many month! In Eog* SodailaUc raeaaurea bo«aaae tbo pm>>
[aud atudytnt.   lt.dua.rtal  coadtttaaa.
Old partlea tn Kogland aro breaking
plo demand lb-eta to abgltBh ttw atuuu*.
of poverty. t
;«   r k * . a/:'.'■ .f; - ..  's 'y . -y     y*<- ..   -\      ;'7 ,--. L 7^* , -*--    y-, yTy/fr^w-y.,,. --    .y^y;-  -.*•_;- .^.:s£"7'V,y;^-.7yhy ■,-    ■*-■ "Tyy . ,..-/.,   -. 7   .-7  ..
y ^,.„,. 7..7.A.7.''.:,.-^,-7...,;yr.y^,,-, \ i.,M...v,f1:.ff.u^:y,; y - t.7^^^^-raErDISTRIOT^LjSDGER, FEBNIE, FEBRUARY24,-1912. y •/ -W.-^y,, ; ;v
..,*♦.  »« ,vW   .>M
. ♦-__■_■.       -'
&■ yss^mymyMmk7'^tiOMS0
,"4: yy. .-y^y--. ,yy:w^-ty7r7y^-"rtK:c';-iy;^*'*-^-,*^^.y.y7 -.-•
sJ (Continued'ifrom'.page ?1.) "' \y",Ut*Jwould\haY«',bMffa"'great deal-.more'
firido. ^ad,-,explain-€d Nthe resolution, by'.
;e.l.) " v-v„|.._-*        ..,.., - ,.      .
,,«  .„, ^'-"ti'-i?.7-v-: '.yvvy*' LV;^tah_;lbld,>atfdtwould-bfI__'f...moro-BatIs.
-.,i •
7: vsaying.he»the-voice'of
' •■'. and proper? mothod .to*'do that "would" he
*''.4' to" seburo the'foplnlon of. the houseand
* -V1 then take it-'to Ottawa, and demand- ac-
i-\ tion in,* accordance1 therewith,,but -the.
'-■'£> sequence' of _syents'had .been.r^ers'ed.
..7'i,Th'e*'govGrrimA-t ha*d, already/gone; to"
.'(.'*'OttaW*a;'7.obtained!'some vague as'sur-"
,''* 'ance's.'and iiow asked the'house,to,ex-, its'delight ,7 As a matter of fact-
."-7 the'Yesolution'aske'd.tbe hoUse;to shut
' ^"Its ^yesT'and'tt'ccefetrithbse*:vague7as-r
, %'siirances; J as. * -a-Mang-hle?"sbmetldng."
". *;??-That', required \ imagination;-' for the- re-
* y'-Ts\.'solution,,was meaningless,.   Assuming,-
•*? "'•"■iy ih'atV,Idr.i Borden- was ■ a'f man?36f; his
?-'V.'i Vf "wo-d,"what?purpo_^was*'their lri.pass-
y4»  ".ihg'the -fesolutlon? **   If he4woreJof "a
^7^-?;r V.wobbly'^'disposition, or. a.'' mere' p'olltiv
'"■'■'■■•' .-, -iclant' he)(William's)* could'.well under-
- ". stand'that'it-wouldtbe'neoessafy-for
* \'the house "to emphatically, express" its
7-opinion. :" He-, did riot know/it Borden,
*,' was'-'.'w'obbly" or not. McIJride's speech;
i' was" directed to" depreciating- tho;LIb-'-
.-. v.eral method»of;eettlirig/the question of
-.* -'Orientals -in.'B.* ,0:, -n.;disaUowJng'tl.e.
/ -.Natal .Act and, similar,"mcthods.!*sMc-
, 7 7'Bridle bad.* ridiculed; Laurier'e? methods
-. ,*yof'settlirig:the,,;dipIomatlc ar-
" y rang e'mentV,' but • now tasked' the' house'
,- t'"t6,'supp6rt.the'resolutlon' approving of
■7-\them,,now- that-Mr'.'f Borden ;ls,,at Ot;
..y'tawa".'1,- Mr?* Borden's'*,statement-,,was
,'?!' more hazy than L'aurler's, forjie'omitt-
■.;{■; ed-all mention of,the, Chinese and re-
',, ,.,.fer'red'*to';-the' Japs only. -.If the resb-
77 ',lotion,was analysed interesting results
l"?; ;accrued.y.The first-thing, he, noticed
j -f 1 was that "Borden" star|ed\off with "As-
*- -, "t iatlc - immigration, .V arid'-' the rest^bf
-,.(..the,statement was*.riot'directed to that
"i.'y- at .all,-but'to-only" orie'-phase^of, it-r?
7;^'Japanese.immigration;;and all.the',as-_
- ;* surances [touched, on' that'Cphase1', only.--
-■= ; the Hindus arid Chinese'part of
■ "Oriental immrgratioriyrio ">assur'ances
, ,,j" , said, that OrWtal^immlgration ,';'.was;
primarily a~B.- C matter,-:hut Borden
'"said- that if,, was a" Canadian .matter.'
■ .Ottawa?was unsafe to rely/"on inamat-"
> ter bf that,klnd. - All the past-failures
.. v". to effect: a"settlemeri^; was '.because'
■ , * the rest of Canada-, was not sympathe--
,.; Jtlc',7. 'Borden"was .taking-l^the'/same
,   '- stand' aB X_aurler;aB"tb'*lt',beln'g Cana-
,' _■*' dlan-interests-.arid-'notCthose' ef-B7C.
. '■ 'only, to'bo'guard,ed.7;;jT,k'en'rln<that
•„   •'< case," the" ea"stern^j)rovin'ce8.^held. the
. ' balance 'of, and?- wb,uld .have" the
','•»•.-. "say-so", as towheth^r "B? C, should be
7o '•'cursed;with* a..Mongolian?,;problem or
*- -.v-.not''} While .the houso was'asked to be'
'Vy.erithiiBlastlc 'over Nit, ^the "sun^ total of
'7-the-resolution^wasyin .effect,-to place'
. -"i^In the hands of.people, who' were -not
1 p.'affected by.rthe pJoblem,1 arid .who had
,y.(not been "falthfur'guardlaris ofrB. ;C
..'"j," .'* Interests,-the powerUo.-settle'it.,.'.The
- .'7-East .did' not- and.;'*w6uld',. not ".under-
; ,?'- -stand until the. Chinese Encroached on
"y..their,particular portibij-bf^Canada.-, If
'«• assurances^ had ...been,' given -.that 'the
He had*seconded.the,amendment of
Brewster's'a's.aTrnatter of- cburtesy,and-
from the'necessity?of-continuing,to do-
sb';-,by,^suspendingrthe .rijle"foryMr-;
Brewster's,benefit, and' allow him;Vto"
bring'.hlB^resblutlons find,
fore, the-house without relying ori;the-
cour_esy(of'a pollticalopponent to get,
them" seconded?"- "-.-• ,,", v< ';'*•_ ^,
■7jThe, Premief,"-in 'closing the" debate,-1
•made bne?of the most;,unfair;:attacks'
on'the member for Newcastle,;tbat, has
ever beeri-'.perpetrated'on.the floc>r,of'
th'o;housei-^iri1.r*ocont*.year8.7" Readers
will-remember that on, a previous' occasion duringthe present session'Park:
,er Williarns;seconded Brewster's*navy,
resolution iri'order to mak'SMt'possible
for*'hl_ri, '.have JL^dlscussed .'on' the
flopivof'the hofiise^ ■ The member for
'Alberhi Us the ^only^'repre'senijative1, of
the Liberal, party in the;*House, and
Is accordingly-incapacitated from^'pre-
sentlng ^u'ch,resolutions.and motions
that-requlrbjiby the rules'of the House,
to be.s' the" mover,"and s.ecbrid-1
er.' '.Before"the return of"th*e member
for Nanaimo Parker WilllamB had been
iri exactly .the same-position,;-and the
tw;o had .come to.a .mutual, agreement
that,each^would/second an^thnig the
other asked',him'tb, reserving "to himself {the',-right ^ to adopt any attitude,
in;debate'~as tb the* subject-.matter of
the resolution ?or, motion" that he saw
fit." -'Jn.-a'ccordafice'-with, that- understanding,-Williams had seconded Brewster's navy .resolution, and the latter
Wllllam's/motion of want of confidence
in the. government for. nqt enforcing
the""prevaillng'..wage"\clause of the
"C./N. R.Vagree_nerit,"7arid"again, -Williams had'seconded Brewster's, amendment", to the'(resolution introduced by
McBrido dealing with Asiatic immigration. 7 On the,previous occasion,, as'
bn'^the one now being" discussed/both
Brewster and- "vyilllams had requested
iMcBrlde'tb suspend .the. rules ln fa-,
vor of Brewster, so far aB motions and
resolutions needing a seconder was
concerned. The requestjWas"ignored
,by the Premier'--and- passed 'over"in
silence on both occasions,'hut on this
occasion,' In. contrast toihis Jocular.references to -theV apparent drawing together, of the' _hemb'ers,fbr.';N'ew"cai3tle
and Albernl "on? theJ."first 'occasion;'he'
launched outMntoya-bitter., and malic-'
ious misrepresentation-of-tho attitude
and position? of Parlcer -Willlnms^iri respect to, the-.secbndlng of .Bre.wster's
resolutiori.'./iJt' was'^a' conscious, deliberate* attempt "to"put an ,untriie,ln-
terpretatlbn-'on the,.position'.in the
house" of '-thei.i-.e'n.ber .for] Newcastle,
and the. .Premier".knew'.it whie'ri he .uttered it. " It -is carr-mon," knowledge
that" there "is no .one'whbse' defeat, Tn
the .coming.elections would .please the
Premler.-more-than-th'at'ot Parker .Williams, * butij- probably • nobody ^suspecfed
th'at^he would riot-hesitate,.to'use the
dirtiest tricks'of the cheapest kind of
politician.1-to,'further that,*,to hlrn",- very.
desirable consummation..'   ::y>"«"-
■7. The position of the Pr"e_nier'
tb'-which the f6regoing'sremafks';refer;
,were„delivered ih' a'inanher'that-cpuld:
leave'inb doubt "in the" mind ofTap.Con,'-;
looker that the presence ak'd-cfittq'j.n.1
of;?the "member for Ne'wcastle-iS'ere-'iiri-"
tensely repugnant to him?,:'* He^tm^ld;
er'ea that-the number'-for^"Newcastle,
'was less. concerned' about? the 7weifSfe)
of j the ".white workingmen'? tharif lir,^-
taining his seat* as the-Newcastle;re-C
time -when'Parker Willlams.wouldiri'ot
touch,;*any thing Liberal'wittf a "ten, "f oot",
pole,-and now he was willing to s'ecopd,
,any thing*'-J that Brewster 7 required:
though he proposed to do it'frommbra.1
"considerations only. -He- (McBr^o))'
"did'not think the day was far off-when
they would see him "blossom* out'as"?'_.
full-grown Liberal; and'"a"* .very'good
orient that? Instead>of-'dlsci_sslng
the ..resolution as' a'. Socialist,"-1 he>'.ap;,
peared to be the champi6n-'oftLaurier',-
goirig farther than Brew_.t€r??ln;7'e(x-,'
plaining away Sir Wilfrid?~s deception
and inaction." * ,, , -'*yy--h; ;•',*', ,
.1 More deliberate "attemptsto?distbrt
the'obyious meaning,ebnxe'yed**by';an
opponent's words has never*been' inade.
.The \ ,carried^l^ithout",a
division', the two Socialists not ,voting.;
A Labor." Representative Js' Denied a
Seat on the Floor of.the'Chamber'r.
' During, the ? proceedings, Hawthorne-
thwaite suddenly arose • kid ^-'directed
the Speaker's, attention to/the, fact
that "strangers,were, on,the?floor1,of
the House.' ' 'He" stated h!s\reason for
doing so ,was that the-representative1
of a grekt provincial ttades'iunion'h'ad
been.refused'admission■ by.the Speak-'
er,- and • in objecting' to - the- prese"_y:e
of'others he was, exercising- his -.privilege; as a'member of the House. *.;(ThV
trades .'■ union 'representative • referred
to'jWasVGeo.. Pettigrew,' organizerJfbr"
the Ur.M. W.- of-A. on Vancouver Island; occupying chairs ■"■'on-.'the''floor
were .Ralph. Smith; John ^Oliver,., a
clergyman- and^others.) 7 ?-.' - :■', -' ,;-
'*' The speaker replied that It was; Impossible to accomodate all who.appI.ed1
for the privilege-*,and urider-the revised rules of?the:hovise the only people
who could be admitted' were.,members"
and ^ex-members of Foreign .and. Prov.,
lnclal legislatures,,- ministers of.the
Gospel who officiated, and distinguish-*'"
ed' strangers.'. 7' All the strangers bri*
the floor, were there with his, permission. ,„ -'(.:;"••'"-''•:<;  '''-7 ,; ■'-,   ;•
"Hawthornethwaite drew'.-his ,a,tten-
to-Rule 14, which* pi'oyldes that "-when'
the Speaker's, attention .is" drawn to"
the fact -tha't-yStranger's are, on the'
.floor," -he*' shall '-forthwith put the
question; ^Shali? strangers be ordered
to withdraw?",'vIf,;he submitted now,
it would mean*.that,the Speaker could
say who," could sit .on the: floor of the"
chamber, „ahd-who could not, which
he. contended was .-not in the power
of ".the". Speaker. 7 Who.vwas. to decide
whoT'.was a distinguished • stranger?
Mr.Lugrln-was on the'floor, but al-.
though he-had'great, respect for him,
ho-could hardly be ■ classed as such.
The' Speaker;?wa8'exceeding.his constitutional. rlghtB."' -..*,.'■•      ,.y
The . Speaker., (rising to his, feet)
siiidithatyyithall due respect-to the
honorable .iriember's position, he hoped'he would not be impertinent to the
chair.-"-He was"trying,!to do his duty
to both ~ sides*' of. the • House, without
partiality;,','..-L' •:•£. r " ,.' ' ■ '•"
,' Ha'Avthornethwaite retorted that with
all due respectUo'the chair, he hoped
• the* chair' would ■ riot*be'',impertinent to
him. He.had .'certain rights-and privileges which'he intended to maintain.
i"_-Tho.-.Premterytri\aV point of. or^erf
fiaid that nb'deb'atb" could be permitted-,
on-the question.-',"-, -.7 "'   .i";?^!
,4vThe Speaker theii^put-the", question;
apd." was .upheld.jrijrefusing. to1; order?
put the sti*ai_gers.7''?;t7 y . ' /:,;.-;-y
t-*tiHawthornethw_\ite' objected, ^the had'
jdot made any resolution, y Allhe'-jhad'
done was to''caIL,-he.Speaker's>atten^
tlon; to the, faQtHhat "'strangers' were
,on the.,'floor^ofiftW,JHouse. -It-was
the Speaker's' duty'-to enforce the rules.'-
•:- The Speaker "'said, that .ais far;.as\ho,
Ayas concernedsthe^questlqn was. dis-'
posed ,of, the' house, having voted..dn
«•■■ . * 7-7-■*.;■. . '., . yy
,'-; Hawthornethwaite* 'could not take
that view.'.,' -,-.;" > 7-r..j. *' -."-
.--I'Rbs, attempted., a diversion .by trying to present a,"message from the
I.ieut-Goyernbr.,', ' ■ ■ 7„ 7* "v
*' Hawthornethwaite said he-would ,ioi
have the thing.put-aside in that,way.
He would'^sk for put-the
house bn record,,'      ,*y 7"?     ,-. - ,-
The.Speaker then put'Hhe motion,
that the floor be cleared, being'secopd-
ed by barker Williams, which "was defeated on the.following vote-.. '•'.',• -
Yeas:' 2'(Williams arid ""Hawthornethwaite), , - - ■-. ', '- ,*,*''. ;,.--.-*-:•?
" Nays:7 32-(including.W.-R.7Boss,
'member foi; .Fernie).'   •'.   ■'   y  ■■   -.
"OurLetter Box''
SCABBING -WILL'   -    ■    ';-   '  ;'
;''•"- ,7: y . pe- countenanced
Teachers ',Decide it is' Unprofessional
J-.-to'.Underbid—Adopt .Rules .to' -
j-*", ""    ,.'-*■-'     - * .' ...»     1 j',
■*■.'- ' v '• Govern Them.:. " *'.",.-". "
- y
Kent Gardens
$j^qwrt';wtid' $J a Week
Wj& a Calgary^ lot. No Interest
■ Tlio-lliatrict Ledger accepts no respond.'
. "bljity, for tlio vJo>vs oxprwMid )>y its curl*__-
pondont*-.:Comi_iiiiiicAUona will be inserted
.whethor.-sigped liy tho real nnnio of,tlio,
writer or a noni do plunid, lint the- wrltor'H
-namo' and address -must b*o (fiveii to tlio'
'Kditor na evidence of good faith. In no cuso
.will it bo divulged without tonhcnt.
'"SPOKANE, Wash'.-—"It"shall .be.beneath "the;dignity"' of any 'teacher- and-
unprofessional for any teacher, to" underbid TanQther, or'"attempt" to secure
a -position-, which'another' holds ,or has
a'' fairly,-good chance, of'• securing * or
hbidirig.V-v"1-. */';'7*.'."  ; V7.7   y
""-i'Thls'is part of;a,code of
opted for teachers by the Washington
Educational, Association "at its^twenty-
first annual convention, held ,at> North
jYakima;-v recently: \ TheA association
agreed that,,too often the .teachers
gossip" with,intimate friends*or .he
boarding f house ? lady, or with.. each
other". concOrning,: transactions that
should),concern * themselves only, ,the
child'".ai-d, the', parent. Other parts
of'thje1-code, are: .y'\, ,■ ■   ' * * -7    "7.
-   "In Union There's Strength." . '
*:."Teachers shall, remain loyal Ho the
profession. ,* .^,iy .        ,»..,.■>
• "Teachers,shall:remain loyal to the
school Institution py system' with which
they-j-may,.<>b'e'.connected , as teachers.
• ;."The-recommendations of the merits', of the'.work'-of x any teacher shall
be'as?honest as-possible and teachers
shall - refrain'-.from asking'for te'sti-;,
monialsybut,rather;'ask for .tlie .per-'-
mission to'-u'se/the names of the, parties
knowing'/tbelr" work. ' ,'7-'
7 "The. teacher" by/'con_or_iiirig*"tb the
usual, rules of right living, mus'tv be J an Utopian- dreamer, which I prefer to
permitted'"to .lead} the natural-life''of le'aye to somebody else,
any;'citlzef_7{free ,from^ dictation.'Y '.'      Our friend7writes:,-"We "all knpw
y~,. , No^Shop^Talk 6utsld'e~,'7:y'77' that the demonstrated failure of, craft
To the Editor, District Ledger,
.'Dear Sir,T-In last week's Issue ot the
Ledger'appeared'an article under the
aboye headlines, in which the' writer
of the article tries' to show the ineffec-*
tiveness .of industrials Unionism. -I-
believe-1 am.not wrong if'l .place the
writer as a'ballot-box Socialist: one of
those men who thlnk;'that- by putting
a; piece, of- paper- in. a box- every four
or flve.'years-asithe'case may be, they
will accomplish, the social* revolution1.
It' is hardly-worth whuVto^go into
details, about .tbe 'folly of this conten-
tlonr.when'we know that in this part
of the' Globe, the male, population Is
disfranchised at JeastJO per cent., wo- ler. them using the same ^against? the
men lOO/per cent, and that the'franchise can be tetken away from us any
old time, if our masters should so desire. -The writer-of-the article admits
that.the,statements of my iformer article on,. Industrial Unionism are correct (sorry I can't say the same of his)
butlnb£ far enough. ■ If he would study
the principles of Iridutsrialism, so' that
he would'know "of what he is writing
he would,find',that the aim and object
of Industrial Unionism is the abolition
of our present wage slavery. , Further
than'this-1,"did ?not go in my contention; "because!if>I-'did I would become
Does-our friend, really believe that a
few parasites and' their henchmen
(mllltla and police included)*could defeat an Intelligently org_.nlr.el, working class? " If I, comes to starving, ns
f,urcfriend suggests, wo the workers
.will, in all probability, be Uiela'it *10
starve, because we have tho ability to
produce all the necessities of life and
ii hnndfull of potbellied parasites can
certainly not'stop us from doing It
when we know our might.
Tho might of our * present system
does not rest in the state." Our friend
ls wrong',' tho -state Is merely, the effect hot the cause, It rests in,the ownership of the "means of wealth production.- ' We arc exploited at' the point
of ; production-by (they owners of the
mill, mines, factories etc. Therefore
ltis only logical .that we should organize "and concentrate our forces at
the point where we are exploited! That
is .'the only,, effective ■' way.' ' Why
chase after the effect when by striking
at the cause we* will be '.able to *' remove the present inequalities'.    '   ' ,
;*I__ as (far -as their methods of • co-,,
ercion are .concerned; who would hind-
In the OI(lSiiri§-fiill
7ykelrW:;)^a_se- 7
,7  :TljisYear7 7
 ,>,-,-'       *.,
LONDON, Feb." "20.—'Th"eu Daily
Chronicle's parliamentary, correspond- -
ent says jt may be generally;accepted
that a' women's'enfranchisement*bill;
wlll| be( passed, through the House^ of '
Commons in the course of'the .present
session. On what terms women will
be enfranchised depends on the free
decision of'tho House, but the conciliation bill will bo tho irreducible minimum.   i-There are certaii^ unties ■
In this bill'to which Lauorites* and
certain Radicals object, but they are
willing to vote "for this measure providing It does not come into operation
until the electoral reform bill is pass-'
od. 7       \   .-"       ,       ,,   "
'An 'amendment will then be introduced to reform tho bill giving a vote
to.nll men over tVenty-one* and to all
women above twenly-fivo years of age.
The Houso of Commons rejected* by a
vote of 246" to" 46 a Lab'orite amendment to' the addrefes in reply to the
speech from the throne* calling for a
minimum * rato of wages and the nationalization of railways,'"--mines and
other public utilities.   ,     1,.
"The-,daily,',transaction of business
iii?7i__e-?schoolf oomysHall"Tier?as~i f ree"
from-ldlBCUSslon ,6utslde schoora's "the'"
dally entries'or'balance,sh'eet- of tho
bank.'jclOrkV.hj)' 7 •, \. -,,,. 7-' -'
'■'"It'shall'be the duty ofany teacher
coming Into? a,community to be willing
to\J*irrendof, or forget ^such ,of.,her
pleasureSj'a's may conflict, with the best-
influence' in ,"the community,1 even
thbugli-she may be stroriglj>''of the opinion'that such pleasure^", are harm.-'
less.". ? y-v. '   1,       1    7..-   ' ,
Call or write for bur Maps
r. it-. ' . ->r     ' ,*______. j-.    I.1 •
$1.00 Dbwn
No  lnteris»t
$1.00 Down
No   Interest
:m. 11
unionism and, the sectional strike must
7 WASHINGTON.—Representatives of
the coal*operators in.Indiana,'Illinois
and Pennsylvania urged" the senate interstate commerce commltteo recently
fO,l'croato an.intoi-stato trado commission/with, tho snmo control ovor the
coal/mining industry that tho Intor-
stato'commerce commUslbn has over
transportation..       y     ;,■ , ■ ,
r iMz& iviaps, lmormauon, etc.
District Selling Agent
■^ The Union Bank     '
. 11'      •>      ,7 *     ^
Tlie Bank of Vancouver
'GRANDTRUNK ' '     y," Jl"    _ «'".',       ,,      .
pacific .passenger andotlierlargoniiaiicial anclbusi-
1  ness  institutions   who bought
centrally located property iri the
big City of
7  Central British Columbia „
on the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
thp Last Metropolis of Western Canada
Lot im ftliow you Iiow $10 a month invented iu
a contraily loontcd lot—bought nt present
dyfr. *„ aorn   wr.n M«i.f. Mamai? fAw VOIf
"forceTthe •worl^rs7-Ito_M~I-idustFial~o_r
ganization.'y"; ,Hei'asks , himself   the
question, • "Now,* is !,thls  really  possible?'!  -The^funniest* part of-it'is he
answered'his question1 "bef ore he put it'.
Of, cbu'rse/b'elrig, a*Ballot Box,Social'
1st, he. says No,; and goes on to show
wbyjiari.'lndustrlaf organization of all
worker. "Is., impossible   because  'the.
machine'Ms displaclngthfe workers, con-
seque'n'tly: Increasing the army,of- unemployed, etc.,  - Now,' did St ever enter
his 'head? "that 'the  only  solution  to
unemployed problem is a shorter workday?"   'Isn't it'.'a fact that the army
of unemployed Is there because the
fellow 'who. is 1 lucky enough to havo
the loan of ,a Job la working too Ions-
hours? -Is not this the real cause of
their follow mon being out of work?
Contract" or'piece work-also tends to
Bwell? the- army 'of, the unemployed.
In most casoB ono pleco worker- cloe3
tho, work of, .throe -men; ■ but is thero
any.Reason why an organized workhip
clnshfcould'"not establish,a  shorter
wotk'dny or do away wllh pleco woric?
In regurdgio tho seemingly appar?nl
t.vGnuOBOt oarapo from wago slavery
wo know leifc.tly well trat tho chvi;
cca of a v'oikor to b.como anythlnv
ol»n ihnn n vo^o slave ino pretty "iiu.
As'.egnrdH tho man'who'complained about his union duos holng $17 n
monlh, I nm Biirprltiod at iho narrow*
mlndodnosB of tho writer,    Whoro, ls
thoro a wort ci"who could nffoid "*td
pny-17 fiol'tni'a month to any lahor
CBaulvniloii. and why Bhould-he pay
such an enormous sum anyhow?' 1 am
mire nobody would pay • $17 < without
expecting to got something bnck in
return.     Wo must, howovor,' understand thnt tho reason for,such high
duoB bolng paid In craft organizations
Ir hocausowo havo qulto a big hunch
of potty llttio dffico-hoidorB   (labor
falters in moBt casoB) who rocolvo a
wago far beyond tho Valuo of tholr flor*
vIcob.   Por Inutanco,' why should tho
International Presldont of U10.U. M.
W. of A. rocolvo $3,000 a year for bolng Pro«ldont of a labor organization?
Why shouldn't a minor got tho samo?
If n minor with IiIh family linn In exist
on $r*0 a month (tho nvorngo wago of
a minor according to John Mitchell)
why doos It take $2r-(. a month io
clot ho, food and uha.tor anotho; mem-
tttT of tho snmo oi'trnninUInn?
The Ronornl striko, according to our
frlonds  would  ho   thn   RT<»n*«<Rr   d'.v
representatives of. labor in the various
parliaments?,, I only need to quote
Wm. Liebknecht one of the-founders
of ,modern'Socialism." -InJ,-"No Com-
promise'.'.-hesays, "We ^ourselves .Into, the, Reichstag,* and the social revolution will-be accomplished?,
Ach nelri. 'One regiment of soldiere
sent ,by -the ..Kaiser "will > come , and
■throw us Into jail' and that would be
the end of-our dreams/.'* '..'*' ■.'..'■ \ ■
All the prattle about -^egal methods
to overthrow Capitalism,-Is'nonsense.
Legal or illegal, what does it matter
to us so long as Ave reach" our end,' the
abolition' of-bur'slavery.:- ■ Any- method,, any, action,-the more'effective
the, better.*? .-Education,- of'course, .is
the main factor. An educated work-
ingclass will surely know'hpw to'tdke'
"i^»*.» Af>r*
\*¥ bSrH_«_i
Bankers Selling Agents
IMPERIAL standard Securities, Limited
BANK of British Columbia.
Paoitio Building - Vancouver, B. C.
overjthe m^amTofTn^ductid-f and~~dis7
trlbutlon without bothering,., about'
peaceable,or legal methods,", 0 '
'*-'    " ■■      7"  '.   H. E.'
- Michel,'February 20,\l912l"'"",  ''' ' '
'.7  •" •     f        ■ '   -.' ■'-.■*<
,   -".    ' "'.WITH NEW ONES
To the Editor, District' .ledger,'    "\
Dear Sir,—Tlie workers • In ever-Increasing numbers are' recognizing tlie
foct. that'the working'class nnd the
employing class, havo nothing In common, and that a struggle has,to go.on
between  the two, classes - until  tho
workers come together nnd take over
tbo means of production and distribution,-- This struggle is hero and has
been ever since classes camo into existence.     It is tho.struggle for ex-
istoncO| for bottor conditions,' for economic freedom, ih short, tho class struggle.    To divide that struggle, into1 sections,  such  as  commodity, strugglo,
otc, Is nonsense.'   The workers 'fight
for ovory thlng,thoy want, and against
a class which resists thorn In return.
The writer recognizes only one strugglo, tho clasB .struggle.   • Through tho
rapid dovolopmont of the concentration of capital; .through"tho over in-
croasllng rise of labor craving machinery (which holpa to awoll tho army of
unemployed) tho strugglo Is bocomlw.
keener every dny,    Students of, economic laws have como to rbcognlzo that
...rough capitalist concentration,' trad«
os unionism is'mado obsolete, bo that!
It cannot copo with tho dohiandB of Itn
momliors and It'must revolutionize in
Us own midst with tho rcmilt that it
will have,to como down'to tho principles of industrial" unionism  If  it
wants'to fight tho master 'claim successfully.     Trndo'unionism wllh its
out-lived tactics hns dovolopod to an
Institution which Is used hy tlio mas.
tors to koop tholr fllnvcB In submission,     It Ih, therefore, beneficial to
tho masters nnd dotrtmenlnl io tho
workors.     It Is logical, that a thine
which Is beneficial to ono class must
bo detrimental to tho othor.    To nhow
tho correctness, of my foregoing conclusions, I will now comjmm Homo of
tho old, obsolete tactics of trades unionism with tho now and more effective tactics of Industrial unionism.
Point X.—Initiation.   Whereas1 trades unionists waste part of tholr onorgy
to keep tho workors out of tholr or.
gnniznllon (In hoW» ohkoh tho mndl-
aster which could prt-nlbly befall "io I dates for membership had to pny up to
—_*., -^_-„ ^-      , .
compel one-part'of the, member-, to
scab against, the other* (I don't need *
to' give'instances, the facts are too
well known to most of us)' Industrial
unionism will use every form of fighting to obtain the demands,of Its mem- .
bers,  whatever  they»may  be,  from    *
the master class.'   As one method of •?
fighting,' which  was • used by industrial-unionists and proved,tobe very
effectlve,;I will quote -the Bllent strike.
.SABOTAGE.   Where7,In   cases .the
Industrial unidiiiFts went out on strllce
and There they me.'difficulties, whloh '
they couldn't".*.ereome at that time;    ,°
ns fc-i instance, where -mllltla, police,
injunctions   and    imprisonment cori-
fronted  them,  then they* would  call  "
the  strike ' off  and  sthrt ' tlie  silent
strike, which-means they wenfcto work    t
and*;dld as, much damage to the mas-'
ters'. property, .struck as many blows-
to 'the masters pocket- book„-as pos;" '
slble.   , (If:you strike your master'6 - "
pocket-book-you 'strike1 his''heart—hlB --
heart is "in-.his-pocket: book). . As ex- .?
~ — — t -> — T **■«*%4-*vu_' flin «*/u«sa« f____»rt tl »*y\rt/!____ !
aui|ji\;Dp~ii**7! »iuuicy 1 uc^-i gvchi-71 atliuMi—'—
strike ,in Prance.     There,, after^ the   '
workers were formally-defeated, they  -
started the silent strike".''' Tfi'eV'wct-t
to .work *and made* transportation *'a
farce,,.  * Goods 'which were;*,supposed.
,to go,such, and.such a„wayt,vr,ould go
a different road altogether. The consequences' were that trnlnloads'of p'eflsh-
able'?stuff,-dtd perish;1   '■Making'-" {fib '
capitalists loso money. '.'TheistrlkorsJ
through-such a .ra.ethod whlcl^ f,(f pl.tal-j ,
Ism was powerless, to flght,-,minl<, .l,ho
strlko a victory. -   tn Harvey',' Illinois,
where tho contractors of raIlrond< construction work announced to tholr It- .
nllan workers n reduction, of CO conts
per day, tho Italians went on.but.ciit '
half tholr shovels off," nnd asked
for tho meaning of thnt action, thoy
promptly replied "Short money, short
shovol.".-  This Instantly proved a success, ? ,   •
Point 4,'—Tho Alms. Whereas
trades unionism concentrates its .whole
aim and object on a fair day's wago
for a fair days work, tho industrialists
have as, their aim the abolition of
tho wagos system which moans—
to reason: coaso to" follow false, lead-.
ers: roorgnnlzo,your trades .unions;'
mako out ot an accumulated job trust
a revolutionary, a real fighting union,
Agnln, WORKERS, rcrtllzo your position In society; you havo tho* power
to ovorthrow tho capitalist system tomorrow, bocauso you nro a hugo majority against u few exploiters, and yot
you don't tnko action against thorn—
W,  K.
Now Mlchol, Pel). 81, 1012.
workors. Not only haco wo seem tho
suffering and death ot our chihlnui
In a sectional strike, hut wo wo It
dally, strike or no strlko. Thousands
or llttlo slaves aro dolly tolling In
the factories of our exploiters .uid being crippled In Wind nnd hody. Could
It possibly ho worse Ihnn wo son It
tcdnyT Wo hnvo nothing, to Iobo,
only our chtlns.
The (toners! Strlko would be tho
fecial Revolution, We must und-r-
Mnnd Ihst If wo hsvo tho working
tUwtt t-ducatud aud oi'K_,u!ml io such
an extent tbat w« could suwiii'iily
../flduct • loner*, ntriko, no powor rn
enrth could stop tin from tR-tln* ovor
tho ro«ani of wealth prodactlon and
I'toiudtg tor tit* instead of lor .-it-fit.
#..00.00 Initiation Iocs) imiiiHirtul unionism is open to nil wi-git workers re*
Kardless of hox, < rct-d or color.
Point 2.—Timo uKivuniunls. WlioH'-
ah trado unionUtH hind IheniRolvos
blind nnd loot tor jiorioils uji 10 live
yoara (moro or loss) through signing
time nRrcomontH (the A. V. of h. has
gi_t ovor 270,00 agreements whleh nx-
plro 270.00 different minutes of tho
year), Industrial unionists sign no
tliio agr",om<,nfH, nnd If thoy do thoy
hroak them wherever thoy can; thoy
fight capitalism any time mo^t con
venlent (0 them.
Polnl J,«~Btrlkos. Whorons trades
unionists havo only tho ono method
of ftahtlng thoir masters, which la iho
«*tllon*l strike, and hy *whkh th«*r
TO tho Rdltor, Dlstrlrl ledger:
Dear Slr,--,lust 11 few wordH re the
illHcrlmliiittlon ngnliiHl n few mon nt
Conl Orook. Tlio superintendent in
Conl ('rook has ivpenloillv ulvon Hie
union officials nssuranees that all old
builds would nel tlielr own pliiees Imek
when snld plneos were ready, Yol
we sen men Wiilklnr nbout mid Hulr
|)lni*i'H oe<*ii|ilod bv other ineii. What
eonfldeiice enn llio men working at Oreo!.' plnro In mop of thnt
sliimp? He linn (-ntil ho wnuM mnko
Conl Crook a steady, sober camp . nnd ,
wo hour ho Ih iiiiiklnw irnod thin boiiHt.
Wo hear Hint men are being expelled,
suspended, ole,, from tho club without
ovon being allowed to sny 11 word lit
tholr own defence, Certainly this
III Mo tin god of f'on! Creek Is going
tho pace,    Possibly somo may renicm-
1      .,    Ilif     II. >«   1.-    f,.«'(,l..lf I    .,wnnlVf(,»
of the elm. Miv tho noiuilnr veto, mind
you I. lie tnntli) the siutenu'iit niu<r
thnnklrig tho member*, for oJenlnK
him. that whon he enmo to the rluli
he joft his work behind nt tho rom-
pnny's off lee, but we find this apostle
of rlghteoii-nflMH (!) Inking tho club
\,n»iin-(.„ \\i !m«n Viku) tititi, Au,> Oi.v.
who presumes to oppose his nutoornJIr
rule In the eluM lnys him* If open to
rcrolve his time.
Yours, etc.,
t»   "- _
LF,THiminOK. Alts, P«b. IH.—A
uperlnl puaionKcr tariff rnneos*ton hva
been made by tho Canadian Pacific
Railway for the Bovonth International
Dry Farming Comrross tt Lethbrldto,
Alberts. Oct. 31-3(1. of a single faro
from all point* on Us linos In Canada
for a round trip ticket
_!______________ i tSrC&K ",
■sfciaftpa^^■■MM^ir«<i^;ii»*«w>t»ii»-»iat_ipj1y»t-_.fcii«j- <iy«w>y "•£'■<'*■■
_^__tftjjjtB^atfr!TfriP?m^».w T^'gg
7£-7'-y - 7
•» ,7  v^ »__
^ -*•
•C^.-*- - *-g;^
;$t M&titi£th$fr
, Published, erery Saturday ___.on_i._f at ite office.
.Pellat,AVoane, Fer__ie_"$, C. ;Sabeqriptids?1^1_00
;.*    -',-   7"      -..'-; J** ;;>"      *'    ■•?V7*'^*' * ' *-"
per; year in affranc*^ -",4*1 taaeltart.>;airertisii_ff
medium.; Ingest ciwalatioii in the District.   Ad-
rertisingrates en,applicatiqii. Up-^&ate.facilities
~x'>-   y        v ly^-      i "*-"*i-f** * •* **°    **■*■ ■*     ^^
, for, the elocution .of ajl - Iradi. of boolc^ jott and
color work. Moil orders receive special atteniioq:
Address all commt-nicationiB to The District Ledger.
■":* *   < \-   '? ' • *';' •H.K-'irBRWIck, Editor.j.
* Telephone No. 48.
:Post'Office;Box No. 380
*     T
i.-i  '
_-  r
/                       v
■*•  S^art
c    1*
-_   ,.
"I -   v   «"? ^     „ ''  ^
■»   <UNiqjiH
.' T\ R. SUNDAE SINGH, 'representing the" Sikhs,.
,   U presented the question now confronting this
-' section of the immigrants into British Columbia
'   before' the labor-men of Toronto.     The significance of his address is the fact that his'appeal was
? not based on sentiment, but simply ".on economic
reasons.' ** He realizes that exploitation in India
and Canada' is the lot" of the-tvorkexs, and'whilst
o   lie points out that his; people tend to cheapen the
'cost of living by engaging ""iii farming he overlooks the fact,that as this is one„of the.constituent
parts of the'cost of production'-it;,will, naturally
• tend to-lower wages.    Labor power being a commodity is subject to .the laws governing the cost
, of other commodities.''   The'cheapening of the cost
of,reproducing, labor'power by the,introduction of
-  a body of:, menywith''_i. lower ..standard of living
1 does ,'not-appeal to'the worker's in this part,* of
Canada."   Still, the Sikhs are confronted with the;
'same problem as the, workers'in this country-^-
■ the question'of existence.' If they could make a
. living,,in. their own. country it is not likely'they
7 would emigrate to this part ,of the world. The
, same thing applies, to European immigrants, and
; whilst it is natural, the Sikhs will not get very
much encouragement or assistance from'labbr-cir-
■ cles, it cannot but have the effect of driving.honie
,- economic"truths, which the Oriental mind will not
' „be slow to recognize.      *
\    -        .'',;.-' ' i     '  v    ;'."    " --,   .-' '    '- ...
a i   "Whilst it might bp contended the solution of this,
•problem to absorb these Oriental'races
y into .the trades unions, still we must not'lose sight
. ' of the'fact that even now'the unions.'cannot always
..find..employment for, the. members.;they already
'possess.',''     . -   7-   -
, ■> ,  ,       • > .    ' ■. t T,   >   ^.
} . This; question "bears but the strengtficpf Jouri con-"
'"We dofnot dispute^the fact that.-th"?*"piain7or-?
"dinary people" are'inclin^,ftd;if(_e^the'!_inin^^
.of being^conn'etjted'' in' any * way^^tfi^tBe^workers"
having revolutionary aims.'^i'^PlaiiiVi^-iriaKy people" defines them exactly.'-^T^^Jtar^'-yeify^plam,*
'•'i.    _.   _.' ii?*?    ' <v '■-'•cLi^Sy-'Xj.vv-t'y-^~y-
'interest, of the7con__nuni^._i.''Vobscmd'itKiK^
*-__.i.   •       ,. i_-'-"-   ''•_, iK'mi;''''ili''Jt''-'" iSfW'^V" .*   -jW
"their stake m it." y .Thw^o_^,couMe,..M-noi material-interest/ is it .y SplWdid''-id^liBm?7;vithoiit,
-*lri._litK'•' ''   *• 7 7,'T. '*' *-^",'';7yy^iW&^r^H';
vThis is the section,of"the7wb_^ing;61ass,,^ho■■"imagine that their'little^'hit'ofVropetty^is*tfie'i^^alva-,
tion.*- and they willinbt study-. econonucs:*?;rThey.
y wiif:'not study-econoniicsr?;";.;They
proclaim the identity, of- interest,?between.-labor'and-
capiia 1 .J' and therefore (they are ,-respe'ct"ed.'?6f "'the
.      . . -i*t.--<1*.-       ' '*-V '    ■*•'.-     ,>u,' '
parasnes.fpf capitalisiiiy';1 Totthem..the Class' Strug-;
_;le remains,to-be 'de:-nonstrated,'and if thtovio.not-
experience the bitterness of it* thev iuayrleave.?this
for a heritage .to their|. children..; Their /thought-
fulness is extraordinary^is"it not for. snchV^omes-
tic "and practical- 'm'en?V;', 'Still 'wjtii\-their little
property holdings, they, cannot seem'*'ta realize .that
this does not make; them independent of 'theexplbi-
tation of the capitalist;. They work bui)fail to un^
derstand why they.haye to.d6v so".";';They may tell
you',they;like'to do so", and\even though, the> do,
this is not the 'reason", the ^majority.', of- these' so-
called "genuine'[ workers"stay with'-t.-.TIi^spite*
of their "stake" theV know' only,too well that it
is no sinecure >'of .the^security of a-livelihood for
their children. ,Tet they' be ."respect-"
ab>" workers,, and are ashamed^of;the?efforts of
their fellows-to' educate the forking ;class_;to the
knowledge that when'they know enough this state
of affairs'will be .changed arid by?" thV only-class
that can and will do,so—the working-class.1- "s,1y -.
; Pancy,-referring"V;these '^gemiine^.workers as'
being iri "revolt"! —' Rather they -are'protesting
against any change.thaf'will be of benefit;to*that
.class   to   which  they-'belong.     That" treasured
,:omic   interests. -  However* desirable 'it- may. be in
3practice the ethical ideas of the brotherhood of man
;tthe economic conditions preclude such a _n'eth'od"oi:
■.handling the subject.    The. only„ones'-v_ho advocate such an attitude.are those who are not direct-
,;ty affected .by.;the ..competition-; of 'OrieiHal-'labor;
^or who may possibly benefit by the use of Tower
priced; labor power, and these latter,,but.'.corro-
' borate 6u,r theory..    The satisfactory.solution<of
tbis problem cannot be,, expected under a system
where men arc continually competing witliv one an-'
other for the means of lif,c,' and no intelligent man
can but admit that Oriental labor only serves .to ac-
i centuate the struggle.
v *      ,-      •       ■          ,     -      '     ,  ,     -   '       " '      "*•
^ - , , ■-      - ,        ,    -  >..,   ,
T TNDER tlio abovo enption the Vancouver Daily
^ News-Advertiser takes to task tho revolution:
nry attitude of the Trades arid Labor Council! and
'with the typical sympathy of the.capitalist apologist in tlio press hands out a little soft soap for, what
they are pleased to term 'the ordinary,' overy-day,
respectable, thrifty and orderly'worker!" v ';
' A certain delegate objocted to the Council "being
tho tail-end of tho Socialist Party," and our Vancouvor apologif.1 describes this individual lis a delegate from "a body of genuine workers." . Further
,on ho proceeds to onlighton us as to thoso who
object to tho revolutionary trend of the labor .movement. IIo says: "Such'protests might bo expected
from, mon who are interested in the progress'of the
city, AND HAVE SOME STAKE IN IT} who nro
bringing up families here, and arc identified with
tlio interest of tlio community." Then nftor some
more piffle about the "sober, industrious, domestic
and practical men" wc aro informed as to the
orowning, humiliation of tlio participants in the
lust striko in Vancouver in thoso words:
"Tlut wo'are inclined to think that lho fa.lnro
of llio strike, after all its hardships, was not so
great a blow to the self-respect of tho ordinnry,
overy-dny, respectablo, thrifty nnd orderly work-
or, ns it is to find hinisplf and his comrades <'nn-
..ppto-l with, the group of aliens, who, in ilan-
RiiBKft, which is an offonco to ordinary plain
pooplu,'profotw to spenk ns tho mouthpiece, of
labor. "•
Think of this "crowning humiliation," boforo
1 •  ••■-  r11,1'""' tJt   <v<»K"'r  »-»o «««mo Jul" I Iiu
-.lj'j...', ..3..1..S' )ulo'iJutUatixx, la it not an
awful calamity
Are you a "genuine" workurt    From tho article
under consideration it is evident that you must bo
n    l'm,f...«,l«ll-     !.. "1.., I ,." ,    1 1      », « ..
•   - »•     ,,...,  iu n.,..wu <_i*s_],   Vi\)i,ri\"J*,
If on tho other hand you rcnlijie your commodity
status, and endeavor to show yonr follow workers
this degrading position of thb working elnss you
cease, to be "sober, industrious, domestic nnd practical men." Voti nro henceforth nof "genuine,"
ns you realize thnt your industry is hut binding
you the mow Hecm-oly lo lho t)_n.kving chaitm o_
cnpitnlium. The moro prodnetivo your lnbor the
more yon iinercaso tlio power ol exploitation and
the question of "I won't work" is not left for you
to uitU .done—the anrplu-r labor a nny helps y....
wonderfully ta maku up yuuv mind on Ibis ]H».nt.
"slake"1"of theirs narrows, their,outlook? so much
that they cannot,even see,that the.stand'they take
idehtifies**theiri'with .those^ who -would uphold the-
system of -.exploitation,' against which they are assumed, to be opposed/^,They are craft'.'unionists
and'yet fail to see that (the object of tlieir, union is
in direct opposition .to the exploiters. ,'. °
-After,all,the 'crowning-humiliation." is not the
identification with .their' class conscious brothers.
On" the' other hand it - is'humiliating to the' revolutionary workers*iosee* ho'w easily they fall to the
flai'terng compliments1ofJ'the'apologists" of thissys:*
*e"Vy This ^flection ,6n''the intelligence is to
bur'iriirid the "crowning 'huimliatipri'," but they
are by. np: means hopeless, y" The ..development -of
capitalism is extreWely'enlightening, more especi-
ally..whenJit.'jeopardises tlieir "stake,"- but we
scarcely-think they will'await such an issue; seeing
hqw rapidly'thV reyoln'tipriafy, tendencies of the
^k^isjsj)readiri in the ranks-
workers forthe'benefit of - humanity.    , '.   7
***'     ?       ' -" -.4" " Y'A
j   - ■      .    y ,  • y i iKf ,,  .    '
The Socialist-leaders in,lV.aiiicouver "whom the
DECENT newspapers and all responsible citizens
haye branded as^bad and dangerous men, and who
'misrepresent labor'and get it,into^trouble by their
intemperance "and''DEFORMED' IDEAS OF THE
•TAL.""-This"is the declamation Of "Bruce" of
'A?*-?:.!?- Saturday,Sunset;.a^"decept newspaper.!'
His penetrating?mind s'ees'Ithe."deformed .ideas
of the relations;between^lafior', and capital;" and'
his point of view is ,<nily "too:; evident.     The re-
.niarkable cltirity>f vision(,of tliis "responsible citi-
■ zon?' will'find plenty; of scope"for'a "Critique.of
the Economic Theories.'of'Kari Marx" and "An
exposition of tho FaUacy of^the. Doctrine of the
Class Struggle."  , Ho',could.'.'also point out the
similarities "and differences in "tho make   up   of
mombors   of  the I.'W.-'W-ywho >c   snys  "Toil
not, sow not arid reap not,'; and tho members of'the'
capitalist class. . A littlo .enlightenment' on that
oft.quotcd "general public,"■'wljbsb feelings are bo-
ing so often>outraged by the,mistaken idcai. of organized labor would also bo welcomed by those
with "deformed idens."'    The'-condemnation, of
"Bruce" is nwfull    Spare us,.Wo bescoch,,.Oh
thou "responsible citizen 1"" •  •   •      •
' ]x>&.?£7SZ-"-   ' * "7  ^^'S^1%f£d?%'hSC\ *y.. --y^-5 "fv7 7^7*^7 *&?&-■& AJ ^7!yj 7^7,7'' _ y^. '7_:7yt?'"*?-; ■"? ■:
*:*x*$iwy ■• '-* ft ., 7 ry^yr^7,y">   -- v's ,.'.,y. 7.  '1.'  .,    7-    -rf'.   :-■- 'H&P- & j7-'"\~. .,,.. "".-. y- :■   y^" '
■^WWuikru-itM" ■ss^m^^'f ■• ^yi^yy^y^-.:>yy:? t^y.^'' ySf- , 77y:Sy,:^JS j
(CiMitMyfa'bromv*Vb-if4S^. 7 a_i locals , tpr ,^conBld|erfttio_.--'and  ik^*
The Rov.'Alcwyn Jones of Bridgend, Glnmorgnn-
shire, is credited with tho original thought that
"Tho worltcrs did not want education bo much ns
the graeo of God. Educate them and you only
nronte moro sharpers nnd forgers.", ."Wo hardly
think this opinion represents tho ■ outlook
of tho religious world, in spito of their
fears of tho increasing knowlodgo of the
workors. Tho workors tlo want education, and
they nro gotting it all right too. Tho question is
nro thoy goiug*lo put it to good advantngo? Tho
"grnco of God" evidently does not suffice for our
prosont day educated people, ns tho reverend gentle-
mnn is nwnro thnt it is from this soction of tho com-
munity thnt sharpers nnd forgers arc produced.
Th.- Industrial Pcncb Association of Vancouver
hnvo decided to oon.b'H tho revolutionary teach-
ings now pormenting this Province. ' Tho nntidolo
is to bo npplied by "lucid expositions of tlio Chris-
imii mu ii as well ns by ".Dni.y, living Christinn-
ity," Kvidontly tho loading rolo in this nmusing
farce comedy will fall to tho clergy of vnrious religious donominntions, nnd from press ndvieos wo
nro inclined to think thoy will play to packed
iw..h--A. .tip grnt song hit js "01 Courso YonVo
Only Drenming," nnd whilut l»y no means new is
received with grcnt applause hy n eritienl nudieneo
of mon from vnrious wnlki in Hfo.
"OlftdFtw/'^thc scholar of Coal Creek, in aw.,™
of imposture, *nnd "deelnmntion will not pass for
argument, nor presumption for proof" with him,
During the coming politicnl enmpnign ho willi pro-
tinbly expose the imposture of the Conservative
party nnd the result of the ballot in th&t c&rap will
be watched with great interat by our Widen,
organiiatlonH ai«"uE_n..« ^b.T^bwflTrith*
Itr consequently- the .workerts*j*p_,de:
_**t«d it ill ,t_aM»; ;'.,\* fi-1?^'^
the;-;dcl«gates >of«':als NintKJAnnual
Conyention^ss^nibled place ,oubeIyee
.on record^a^beingf' in,--t«tvor7o'tJ;o"_i«"-in-
;- < And,, be' it -.further resbltr^LJ'tha't' ,w«
do all, in'pur.powe\ to'obtninVthia'ind
so that .each-worker, may,'receive * the
fulLproducts, oit Sis "toll;!-- 77 „>. ^J.'
-. And,"^lt further"resoiyedrthat
Officials tp^submit.the.foregirig^reso-
lution'* to'rheiitbersh-p,. of; District 18
for".a"reterendu'm, vote,' th©?'8«mefto
ta*ke place within,thirty days -ffom- the
closing.?date,'of this', Convention.',. '.
^.Submitted1 by,'Michel Local No.*_.334.
?jl.The committeejeoqeur. .v.* .7
. "Moved and'secoh'ded to' adopt the're--
port of .the.committee.'.-.^,,*,* b>r. -7 ■
tit was. theA?'Moved"\by?';.l)elftgat'3
Jonesc as .a subati'tute'yand* duly seconded, that the matter be tabbed
tl'e'.dtlegates'cculd hear the'dele'sates.
train Michel ourthe matter, .'-but us-it
wrisxltarly slown by Delegate'Board
Moniber' Gray'.of^Pernle that.the >!_.:-
hel delegates '.were.there'""cn„the spot-
prepared at, uij""' time to pffeii su-t, «v
olanation,'there' was "little? use' fo"r7"v
substitution-of that nature. •?'. In; Ontario'straighten'"'out the records,; it* was
then moved by" Vice-Preslderit Sf«tbl)s.
as-an* amendment tdvthe''substitute,'
and duly-seconded;  '«',.. 7"'".  /,*.'"   ,*
, "Thatthe substitute'"tie'amended by,
striking out-the word,-..'until,'the* delegates c_g_ hear*thet'delegates from Mic-;
hel on the matter," and inserting 'until'
the Convention' receivesfthe • report of
.the committee on ' officers' < reports.'"
Amendment'-to the' substltuteTCar-
ried. .'     "",    %y ,>'..*    ;.->";   ," i"/.*1
'• Substitute as amended carried.-^CaFr
ried. .- ■'; _..*>,*' .''*■". t ^.'.)•'-$,'
' - The resolution*was-thereforelorderea
tabled- in' accordance with-,the substi-
tute'-motlon.'"-'"^'.1'   -" :'"   "-   --*-'?-
\   *» "-. >-*' i     *,       ^ .'  - r'* .- ,   *vi,
; ' y ,' • „ Resolution No. 7;     y '   '
•y Whereas the delegates /to our last
annual Convention went on record as
being in,favor4of'■ celebrating'the first
ot' May as* tho*!International"Xabor
Day.*; and I '■ .y/f-.  ' - ".'."' 7:   -y. .7
. ''Whereas'/ou'r'late?.District Exsiii-
tive" emittedv-tc7n.al_e' provisioas >for
same Jast year ;7   .-.- ,y '     *     '7.
. "Therefore " resolved*.that,we',
the delegates of this ninth-annual con'
vention of JDistrlct 18, are* hr favor, of
a celebration "being held on'that-day
by/ our membership, the arrang'emeritp
to be leftin'the^ands of a committee
ot five delegates? to be elected^the
floor' of this.'Convention, -s,aid.Committee not to^contaln, more' than two
District Officials.'.- * The? arrangements
to he^'the 'selection of place for/said
demonstration^ the procuring" of cheap
transportation .'from all'"parts. of ;'the
District; and. alsotthe brirfgingnin 'of
spijakers,'". etc.7cr. * t" '' '.. r 7" i-
No,-2334,7>*'y<v-'-'7 '.;,s "'"vy..
The comffiitte-l-'Vecommend thaf'the
followIng'am€_fdn_e'nt to the resolution
be made.'-that^rsy_'' .■-' 7','Y77?*
"3,"the rest-of-the1 paragraph be struck'
out, and,jthe'words '/District Executive
Beard1: Inserted^'-'. • ',"-, Vy,,7*.:
■ Moved'and seconded7'to adopt""tlie'
report of-the c6i_»*mittee.'   ' _,   '',' ».. .-,'
A long discussion'then ensued'with'
regard i to'' the". Kdviifebillty of'.having
the arrangemetftsitaken in hand by'th«
District, or by,individual Locals.-Most
of the delegates.took feart in thesis-'
cusslon,iA.-     r..c    r.'rc. >,>•<*
- Movcd-'.by .Vic«-President ' Stiibbs,-
and,duly secondefl,-that the arrange-
merits.-for holding'the celebrations* on
Labor Day bo referred to'the various
Locajsrin order that ithey* miRht.,consider among themselves the advisability, of holding, such'.celebratlons, and
the places, whew .such celebrations
would be held, and all-arrangements in
connection with the demonstrations*.
Original motion 'to^rirfopt the report
of .the  committeey\y.'_-;.•"...Carried
'' 7" - Resolution1 No.'8 "
. - "Whereas our niethods of warfare
against the capitalist''class, I.e.,one,
section of our organization on strike
and the remainder -working supporting
thorn, at tho same time supplying their
markets, has bocomo obsolete and use-"
loss to ub, 'and ' '- 7 V ,, ,
„•* '(.Whereas we should holB our agree-"
raents abput as BaCred'as bur chains,
or at least should havo about tho samo
amount of rospoct Xorjhom as tho Coal
oporntors have, and ;, - ' •'    ,   '.
"Whereas our,orgnnlzod brother miners in tho .WeB^orn^atntos are liable to
quit work' on April' the lst'next in an
effort to resist- tlio dfrmands of tho op-
erntorB and also in offort' to' 'enforce
tholr demands on tho operators;
"Thorcforo, bo ,.t-.resolved.that .wo.
tho'dolegateB to this Ninth Annual
Convention of District 18 ro on record
as being In favor of a general strlko
of all our membership throughout tho
Amorlcnn Continent on April the first
to help,our brothers Jn tholr strtigRle
disregarding lho several nRroomonts
covering'our momborBhfp, which aro
forcing us into unionized senbbery, o,
copy of tliiB resolution to bo sent to
nl) locals ln our InternnUonnl organization, and also for publication In
tho'Unlted Mlno Workers Journal and
tho Pernio LtNlgor. '
Submitted by Michel Loonl Union,
2-334. ■ ■
The committee non-concur.
Moved nnd to ndopt tho roport or tho commlttoo.
As thero wob evidently Bomo con-
Bldernblo mlsumlflrstnndlns on the part
of the dologntes In regard lo tho voto
tnkon on tho nmoirdmont, and nlso
somo dlffftronco or opinion with regard
to the roll call that hnd been request-
oil by Dolegnto TSlmer, It wns moved
by VIce-ProHldont Stubbs, nnd duly
seconded that
"Wo roconsldor lho<,vote taken on
tho previous question."
Motion to roconsldor ., ....Carried.
-.."- ,-i— ,», ,"—-" r.^".; u«u.-u«-l,-^uvc,i|.
bo submitted; and;*further 'providing
for * the striking. out: of ^that^ portion
dealing with* the. instructions of dele-,
gates by-the localsfon-'account-of the,
fact that such procedure^would'eliminate the' necessity'; for^.tlij.,. holding. of
Conventions,- and'-y-jfoifldl prevent 'such-
matters as "required the attentto_fd! the
district from being thoroughly .thrash-
ed'out. •     ' 7v774.:/r;--,?'^^'y'-'
, •. Resolution ,N6J1S'-,:?>""/ *
] To provide for,.the?'placlng'o'f,
"dependent seerie.tary^ Ini'every". locaLto
be paid by the Distrtc't,7waV nbt:'con--
curred in; <;.\\ 7 .•',-.-,*.'-,'•> .'V.*t*.y.
", , . Reiolutibn'No. 14"' **' * ' V., ■ -
Advising the establishment of collec-'
tive stores throughout'?.,,the, *,^ district
was1 not concurred-.In,?', although7the
Conyention'was'Of the opiiilon'lhat the
question ot establishing .co-operative
stores,should be taken'up by'thbse interested locally, . ,v..-*'.-'Vx,^j-■ \
y7,i' , Resolution No.-197*^7'" ,*
Jntroduced by Charles Garner (Inter-,
Board.,Member),-touching'.upon the action of the Executive in. sending Board
•Member,McNab to'make.-an- •investigation as to-.conditions, In? the Northern field, andirf which ,he charged that-
the", money was spent .needlessly,"'and
asking, for .an explanation on"1 the part
.of'the Executive .Board, was'adopted
bythe Convention, .the.explanatlon Ih?-
ing given-that'.the Executive,Board
considered ,that,in,JtheJ best Interests'
of the-'organization aB.a-whole, some
step ".should, be^taken..that-.would" de-
termine,, the, future relatlonp- of this
district yand .the ".Northern7field, and
was an action that in the opinion-of
the Executive- Board iwas- justifiable,"
such explanation being accepted by
the sCbhve'ntIon;as 'satisfactory.^'
/" 7 ~*. Resolution No. 27 "*' *"'"'
', .Touching upon .the case of' Carter
versus' Barclay, which provided for a,
discontinuance of such-case,-was non-
concurred .in ,by the,-,Convention.;/ *"*
- .,,   / '; PROCEEDINGS -       . ■'" 7
,'.-.   . yy Resolution No. 28   '   ■ "'"   k
-'.. Re the, turning over to the District bf
any monies received "by District; Offi-
"cersor other employees of "the" organization* for'services upon commissions
etc.: was'tabled to be'brought up later
during the 'proceedings. -'    -' ■. '",'
.''7   -."',. , Resolution No. 32       ^    7
"Setting a. special, time for'the-discussion'of'the-1 effect's upon the?, District ', 'of  injunctions,' r distraints,. evictions'urt, decisions, was adopted,
the matter, to'cbnie upJon Pirday morning at the'bpening of the "session.-^',
?7   .7* ;.'Reoslutlon,No. 29 . ,•    ' >•- -
•j Dealing with the doctors,_.t,,the various. camps,',and,expressing dissatisfaction'with the present, method adopted'
in appointing doctors,-was substituted
by-a resolution calling upon,the.Exe-'
cutive Board  to  investigate, and-,to*
procure .legal* advice^,upon the matter.
y.'^y, .Resolution No. ty^-" 7,*"-
7 Prom Michel Local, [dealing.with the
signing;of-time contracts..ahd^maklng
it.-manditory that weinVfuture do-not
sigh '..agreements fon* any; length yot
.Conv.entlon.-for. a' cbnslderable:length
of,time.;-" .-.This matter, was,thoroughly
discussed? and the following substitute*
adopted' by.;the <-convention:■ :V71';* i»-
i ;"Realizingas;we;do 'that the'slgn-*
ing.- of .tJme*itcontrai-tfl.iplacesiUB_.l^
the)position "thati_he fopi"rat6rs~cah'
provide „asainst a - struggleCatl the"eK-'
pjration o_J,such cpptracts.andireallz-
Ing'that they also prevent us from taking advantage condltiona;- '
■■ ,"Be lt,tfl8blved'tha,t we'go on record
aB being;in favor time contracts
being signed to'govern us; and that'we
draw' th,Is> resolution do .the.attention
of, the next International,Convention."
■'' '   Resolution No/,3','7^ '
Dealing with the-ellminatlnii'of'the
defense fund, and submitting the same
for.,referendum rvote;. was * removed
from the Convention'for by a
motion calling for the-'previous question;"?. This matter will,probably come
up again beforo the 'convention tomorrow.* '    ' , i.-,'7''   • '^.i.   •■!   '    ,o'     "
•   . .ResAlutlon-'No. 41"
Recommending to all Locals that the
monthly inspection-provided for by
the , Coal, Mines" Regulation * Act he
carried out7was adopted by the Con-
voutlonoy.;.'*, *..'. .•»' ■ y . ■
"•;;..\Re9olutlon No, 41 A* *
A reBOhitlon to strike but from tho
Constitution '-"porportlonate representation .to-" the Convention" -was ' not
adopted. <. \ - •" - ,,». ■- • •   ■ •
• . v, .* Resolution No. 22    ,
Dealing, with the' payment of solicitors' foes incurred by Canmoro Local,
in protecting its members ngalnBt eviction orders,.wns adopted by-tho Convention. .,,   ,y        i"
v."Resolution No, 31"
nofn'fcne'tatemont from Frnnk'Locnl
alleging .onv the evldenpe of Robert
Evnns, corrupt»prnoticoB In connection
with the last District.'Election, on the
pnrt of Cnnmoro "Local, and , which
charged Dolegnto .Tones with collusion,
was thoroughly, thrnsliod out, nnd resulted In the complete vindication of
nolegate :Jones, a motion of exoncrn-.
tlon bolng passed .unanimously.
• "   Resolution No.^B
Dealing with tho printing of the
District Constitution In Ukranlnn, was
tabled..  * -       » ,
"'  , Resolution No. 38
Dealing with tho printing of the
ngreemonts In flvo languages, was substituted by n rStolutlon by Int. Hoard
Member Onrnor to tho effect that a
canvass of tho Dlfltrlct should bo made
nnd the ngrcomentB printed In the
throo prodominntlng languages,
nrnMuii-iti No. 10
Dnnllng with tho publishing nnd distribution  of the Convention .Report
within 30 days alter clo»e of Convention was carrlod.
Resolution No. 11
Iriff fifmiod without oroboiiylng pro-
visions thnt would guaranty, lo each
member lho placo whor« he worked
prior to tho signing of such contract*
Rstolutlon No. 11A.
Which contained a' voto of eonturo
on thn r»lifrlcrr.r«flTitfv<i for pMcfn_f
such an agreement as the last beforo
tbe mflmhorshlp. was tabled fitter n
.«i>Kthy rlter-usiiion. In which the wholo
ground of tho discrimination and tb**
ponlllon relative to this la Ibe various
camps had been gone Into at Ungtb.
„   ,      Rstolutlon No. 13
Dealt with the submitting to resolutions and protests to th« Dfttrlet B*>-
rcfary two muutU,. U_.(t_t« tlva. Cuima-
tlon, and tb* forwarding of tamo to
LIOTHniUDaEI, Altn., Friday 8
—A resolution which wag nnrto n
special ordor of biiRlnoso thl«J,mo»,n-
Ing waa Introduced to consider tho
matter of Injunction and eviction ord-
ers Issued against mnmbors of labor
orgnntzntlonn nnd no Ihey effect labor
unions In tlmo of trouble,
from nankhead asking for nnVinlnnk.
t'.o.t *t.ii _.iw lu.tructions given by
tho local was not wrle.1 out whwi
taking up the contract prices regnrd-
Ing work in Bankhead.
This afternoon, by invitation from
the Lothbridgo Bonn, of Trade, the do.
.'__.'._...;..   V....,  4.AJ   l,_,v  l,l_.s»ki_i* *>•_   .5mj *,!(1i»
Tlio Convonllon will hold a nUht
twiislcn this evening, and tomorrow
•rv/nfpg, -Jmt It U nn yet unearlMn
wbelbor the work will Imj got throngh
by then.
. y 	
, «* -"f'-jrI
"h. ^>>v.-.y ,s?!--*tvJ'^,'s
•T: ' -?f7-f7-S.*?i^5; 7-7,
''\%ZS \
■*> ■
"?, ^lieVe jrou.cai^ cMW^aX-v^W« keepyour y'
.:   .'\ v.-'" * ."'house Hghted-'duringJthe^'picturWa;'7*>-fry<:f;f"'-"'-^v.
lighted, during!
"**.y7 *\n
7 JS;,
Lieut Rose;aLtid the; 'Royal Visit
,.-.'- ^.
Lieiit. /o^se/.-un^rtliVa\plbtrtb blow- up Royal;partyy
. .' y  ~     during the coronation:celebration \7 , Cy-'%
■ '   .:,'..■-•■   'y-,',   - -. .? y *-,  *,-."■-v    "■'■ ? ■'■  .*y."y
"Locusta, or in"thi iDays of^Nero'y
,,'-;. 7?.'    ,    -Historic, hand painted r{-' y •'\    7777?
-    t.   •'.    •   •'   *■ ■   -■'■. '•    < "   ',""*„';'„-'*'".'',' '   '. *,. 7-y
. y f???- ; 7- , , Get-Rich-Quick y:   ;\Sc^
\-.y .'>" ■ • v . ■ *- 7   A ■ Bunco • Game y,* y: -\  - - • >
',- "■.,-■ *   '   ',"'"" * *'   ',    >" -..'-"'V* w ,. 7\ „• ■■•I - ■-'*",?•*'-'
/■'"^•"/Western One-Night)S&nd$y;'":
Qoncerning a .Barnstorming Troup of Actors* :Coniedy!.
-•■ ?-y. *7.;   -yL\yyS,l Sy ■,
Two':SJtow^::NighUyi 7,45^nd^9
1 *-■ ,
Speciai Sale of Flatware
Bone-handled v Tea or •Dinner,' knives;', at?*$1.25 per half doz7r'.-
',1835; Wallace Bros. Tea- or' Dinner*kniveB_'"$2.00i;i*er, half doz. »•
% Doz. only Dinner'Knives, ^beet-plate",. $1.75" yy '.-;..-„ '.
lA  Doz. ,only \Toronto 'Silver--'Plate Tea Knives," $_8.25..^ .< • '-, ...
,1847 Rogers' Bros. Dinner; Knives,', $2.00 per half;doz.- ," ., •/' .',
• •Rogers' Bestv Plated Table, Sp'obnte.-AtTiGe. veacti. V'.*. ,'v.. ,.. t?;?
Wm. Rogers, and Son Table' Spoons $1.75 ".per, half "do?. y\7 "',*..:
1847-Rogers' Bros.", Table-Spoons;-f2.75 ,per^ half. doz-. v.77
y847 Rogers'^Bros. Dessert, Spoons .$2.50*per half 'dbz.7.-;^-^  ,.; .
■Tea-'and,Dinner' Forks, best plated $1.75 per half'do». ry.^*^:,,
•Wm. Rogers' and Son DInner,?F6r*ks," $1.50 per half .doif V * :*' '-
• Wm. Rogers' and SoniAl Tea Forks.:$1.75 per*half dos."'7 —V *-*
Wholesale .and Retail
V •   Baths
Shoe Shine     *
'  ,.'■'' * ,i\ *   ' '
.Billterds and.Pool   ;
Coftee and Sandwich
^Counter" '-l^ V-.
• Hazclwood Biitterrnille
Viotoria Avenue    7
FERNIE, B.C. . ' Phono34
1 !.|i'l i Mil
OvurTiMn.  In n promlnflne l_«th~
bridge hotel dining room:
"T any wltr***, do y0„ tblnXc you caa
l*t me Imvc that meat order boforo
Shilohh Cure
kim* tm rtmokx mt uimt, »• twri
Wnntod to handle morltortus real
estate propositions, * Wo are tho' authorized selling,agent of tho Grand
Trunk Pacific Railway for ono of It.
mnln lino divisional point towns. vWo
aro (ho owners of tha orlirlnnl town*
site ot Nokomls, Bask,, nnd cloto-ln
proporty nt Bow Island, Alborta. (The
MOW   .•...Ml. Uftturtll  m$  UOIU  18  UN)
.firpPT't in lhr< woTlrt.'l
Wo enn show a man ot ability how
ho can make from $50 to $300 weekly
in commls.ions by representing oiir
company. Por complcto Information
ai to our plan, wrlto plainly lo
Grand Pacific Land Co., Ltd,
243 Som .net BldQ.*,. Winnipeg. Man.
He£eUs £:
Square Deal
and ,"pc«co_ul'. "tiocurity !'ns well. ,
.'With aVpoucyiln'-our, old lino ;
■ company, tyou can go off on your .
vacatiou or visit, tho ond[8 of tho ,
. earth and-yon know- you're ao- '
., curo,".\Tho;bost In    ,;'.'. '*' v* -
•■■;^:»;;;F|re / '■;.■
r:2 Insurance
<•■'..< . . ,,    .,   -    *. , .  •;
,1s always .cheapest'nnd espeul>
< ally,'bo whon it doesn't cost
'higher. ,'Don't delay about that'',
;W)noway or about that extra* in. •
"ournnco you vnnt but como right ,
■. in At onco and havo'it nttondod
• to.,-,,   - , ■-.. ,--■'    ,
Sole Agent for Fernie
■      -        ,   '        ■!'*''    ' ■  " ■'  i ' -
'"   .
7 - Possibly, you do not bollovo
that clothing can bo ready-
mado and atlll fit you.  •
FOR SALE-A Good Deliver TEAM;
a/vex 4-R yeitrt; one Tle*irIitiir«<I IVrch-
oroo Bullion, »*« S ye*r», weight about
isSO Tb*.
ONK Jftri'e niCnKSiriAB DOAR.    [
TWO Yoang TtERKSniRB 80W9,
doe to furrow In May.
,(o farrow la Mi>.
AIiio. I*ar« Whit* IrfMrtJoni (thftlrank
Apply 8. -I. ffwlaoa, W«cdo«r, B.XJ. *
That's IwcauBo
you havo
The confidence In which It
U hold by tho many men who
wear it lH Juitlflod with each
new Suit tbey buy.
Try It noit tlmo. Ton will
than (Ind iaUi.aet.on.
Pru&a Johnson
. riftNii
.s' S   -^7i1}7^»:y|^;»^ *.-7 -.-.. y- •*i>1y---.'A-^-%i'^-^« 7V-'^l?%_y7?y*7*^Kyy'
ff     P^fe^^-fe"^ ■     -*-.-,-fcV-.'^V -»■.— •"        * --       -      ""'     •- - .,„■..   v«">-"»----   *"• " - — ■~^'	
- i%s,v.j*=t*'.* n.-*_;-Vtv';-,c' 'i"
■■'-*•- '7v?7-"i_--7*:?-r- *'J'
•■--,«■■-* vscs*.-p-v..,v
* r.-v
\K' Syy&f&s-gp.iiiy*' y^^^^^y,^w'7y,^"*>•'
- .*-*% > ^."-..-i • --■»i':.'7' ,i'"-"-:'5V«';'*-'-'*'■'••'
...yyTaber h_M-,;<_ulte:Rn;ar_ny.of the un*
.y^employed' at- present?" v There. is^in
yi^ tho, neighborhood -,' of "■'•" three' 'hundred
-. ;.*?m«H walking theistreet*E.'y.T--e mines
T^are' practically; idle,- .and- as. it', Is\too'
^ "'"''early, .in.? the -season-for .work. in -the
" ^building, trades.,? it,ithrows; "practically
' C-SAW.AMWV*    UV.'«U *IM, '.^M.        V*..l. —*.   ___Y.    .t'—b
•ifiv*-"^company" brought: some halt-do*2en;'nia-
^%.>;cWne;'ruriners from?,Nova**Scotia -in
a' J ."r'.r^theilatter. part of, December..?; These
is   ,;1?j men.- weie'-ihired..under an'5agreeme_it'
-    ■$>*; :,UO;be'found.'steady*-work"7 Whenths
• f-y'mine ?w^nt" slack .'they,1-.' like.*?all r*the.
K'i> - •yy , ;other miners, we're'thrown'out of work.
yy«-   7They,,.demanded wages?for.,th#r lost
7'   *•-- ,'-,timer,and. expenses. y The •'company
-<f .made a-,settlement with.them guaranty
7' • ing ■ six ^months' ■'..steady**' work.;*. , Now
v,*? the other miners want ashare'*
y7Geuerally-"the mine only/employs six"
7 -?'ior eight-_nen'4uring the" summer,^This'
/. agreement of . the;- newcomers -means'
.  ythatv-hey- will, get ".'all-the'., work, and*
y.ytbe men who"'stayed,.:withv?the'*camp
' ,yand . fought • tlje strike,"rwill,'bave - to-
y\ yyalkvthe streets-*-or ■ go "'elsewhere" to
/..jfaeek'employment, If some other means
■ .    --7 Isinot. found: to ..change/this'prosram^
w   ,'f^-'..As.these men'are members of.Local
K     ;. { -1959 they will have to be'gbverned by
u      -,"?'its'rules/of?* be' expelled, y-The "men
"i   <•* .V 7,6f .the Local demand thattall work be
*.'.. ; ;shared. as'far as possible. t;,,y, ,7:7
"*..' yFred Whitcutt .pulled oijt -ori" Trie's-
ft? day for some western; point.'"  He will
t ,*. --probably', go as' far' north ' as;-Alaska;
-y     -He ,formerly .^worked.'for. Guggeheim
.-. . .and'Morgan prospecting,in that,coun-.
- ,  .* .^try.ty "HeJlbqated-'oriVa.'ihomesteadS
"-" "7'"years7ago7-and 'has now* pulled out
< ,'*■"' and is going to'try hisluckin the far
Ka  y north again.',*' • Good luckto^you, Pred:
-« '   5"Doe. -Hammond;.and;"a"''par,ty "of
7 \-Mends,visited the-Canada'.West-Mine
f    KP^.-Tuesday.y ,They?were;taken,,around
the?.pit,by Mr.' Johnson.T„Tb'e doctor
t y „-thought * that, the,,wages .would' have
'".to be.raised before he would start-as
yft.miner.', ,y ,y„,... 77y rfj..' -,*,*,._ .
. k Bill. PaterBon'doesn't- care'Cwhether
. h"e'get*3.;any;more.>,work or,.not.-, ...His
. hengs^bave begun'-to ^lay.1 '-~\y^.. '
-;- Joe-Mclntyre'; .enfinebr at:the' Cap-
- ada West ,"C6.,-? is .moving^ Into ■ tQWri.
Joe Intends building".hls-Srimmer.'For.
the present-he'iwill7llve"*-wtth his brother-in-law, Harry Brooks. ^ -  ? ,.  7- ''
"-. '.The" VTaber.. Cooks'?- -pulled ..out * on
. Tuesday for Calgary to* play the-Bskl-
I ',mos,for4he'championship. < They are
;.. accompanied- by quite' a', few" of' tha?
local fans. ,The .boy's' feel confident
* of bringing back ;the cup. '_-• -• **"•'' f
yy- Jack -Mclntyre' has returned; to, the
KWest.- " Jack'^one"time" 'pfesl-
Tdent of Local -550.-In-Glace Bay/ *out;
.-1resigned before ^the'strike,-"and" can.e
- time .the.strike;-,was .settledl^but^hb
-*. seeins to be" fn" better •.circumstances
/thanr.we.^hp; wprlc,?alir,tlie*'t{me..?f,''
-.' •
>H' Vj : FRANKs'NprEfe^^l •' _
--4;y >rt*.' -yy:.*-'*   <•   y.^-V-^vv-^
* 4,»,»,»■»»»'» » » » ♦ » »»»»
'.! *<    I      <     -     ?"~        , ,J' "J_.«.''.        f
■\ A," S,BIals*is leaving pn Prlday.'night
for. 'Ontarlo;;y.MTfl..Blais, has-been
■ vlsjtinr there ■ since* ChristmaB.Ciand
she .will return'in'a^few.weeksiwlth
him.!,. 7,,'." y.... '; ■..,... '-n- 4
.;W\ J. McGowan"spent 'Tuesday 'af-'
, terhoon in'Lille in company1 with' Dr.
" Norman, the' Provincial Health* Inspoc-;
tor, from- Edmonton. ■   7 •-.,"'.'•>.'    --,*.
'.t-({. -7/;'  *-"Marrled7-"  '• " -''7,
-' ' At'the* methodlsf Church, Frahkl'by,
•" Bev. W, T.'.Young; Mark'Crny to' Anna
Horahova, both, of Prank,- \ > -
' ■ ;The stork pald'n visit to tho home
, of Alex.McKinnon^on Monday, morning nnd a daughter brightens thelliome,"
' An,'Interesting oritertnlnmejnt' was
try and tecuns a kittle bumch «t
: i (Nput.doing' in'thVFassf) -Tfn.. ,^,
c'-The -wage, slaves 1.who;attend«d'- last
Bunday-night'e propaganda. m<*tingof
!he'S.-"P.-C.,'.whi('.,i wae: held*'in, th*
Mutz H-tlli1*. received ..4uite?an7,*auc»-;1
tu-nal^treat^from ; Comrade ' W.'i. 1-.
Phillips,-of Fernie;' who spoke'on "A
Socialist .Vocabulary.'y,;' Next-Sunday
night's - meeting-which will, be held? at
the same? place, will ^be addressed by"
rSul);<.(t:'."; "Industridl .-.Unionism; ?arid
what it .means."-*.'': 7-^-4 '?•• '':^r
■*'-The flrsf prize of'tUe biiliard'bandi^
,cap,""^recently .played in*?]Liockhart's"
Pool Room, was.won by Mr. Burgess;
the-second prize was taken by-Mr. W."
TWalkden. .■.-•.* '„-« , -, .v ?:- ->- „ <N •, *";
'.'* Richard "Jones; of Corbin,, paid- Michel .'av.vislt' Saturday/Iast,<,leavlng on
Sunday? night's Flyer for Lethbridge to'
attend the convention.A-'"-v v'y .. 7 ■
. George Lucks, of Maple Leaf, was a
visitor '.here. Jasf. week.' ,;..?...
-, Mrs?' Richard-rGarbutt,;of' Co.bin;
paid,*a-visit-here**Monday last. - •--..-
* < Sanitary .conditions' in .Michel are
something* fierce,* and no ? doifbt! that
is* why typh6id. fever, is ,so' common.
There'si'someone'r tb blame - for ."such. a
condition,-, but* just'%ho - it*' is we. will
not at,"this time ;say, 7" ' . „v * -
"K. The wrestling match held iri Martin's
Hall,. Saturday,'the 17th?inst.,- was
won;by Robert5 Hampson,'he secured
two "straight falls. -V "•*,-,; . . *-•*
y We" leanr that Harding*, the outside
.superintendent,- has tendered.his "resig-,
nation- toithe"company and leaves.the
end,of the-month.-7*, _..",. ... *
,*■ Don't?forget',.thercheap;sale.of suits
now "on in" the; Trltes-Wood. Company
Store;bere. **.?Go and-"take a look "at*
them,""even-if you don't buy.-;" - /'.-
i-.'MIke Joyce?left on Tuesday riight'd
Flyer.-forC England, via New, York?
Since, they have secured the' minimum
wage,, over there Mike thinks "that it
will .be: a'.better country to toil inj
Good luck to,you. Mike.•'.'". ".;" ''
. Sid Burt. - arid Ed. Stacy .wefe,-vi$lf
tors .to Coleman'.,Monday, coming'back
Tuesday night.7- 'Sld'says'^She's'dullf
there's not even a spare rig one can;
take-a ride;in.".'vs:7;vv-,    '-'--    -     -
Mr. "Ed. Stuart, oftheTrites-Wood
Company,:was a visitor"here'Wedrie's-"
day.*", -.-.' «,--■ yy-•""*'?***
There*, came..' a,- -• sweet -'maiden "from
* ■*-■■, "/Corbin", '■-. •' —, •' ■■. ,•*;"":
To visit;her.-bearest of 'kin;;-- 7> i,S i
Thinking theNdistanoe"too lonely,,*" I
A new;Uover■ by- her ,side stepped in.   .
'    ".   • -        -  \,    ;..-V.,l,' j. .\   -a.  >   '. •     "
To.'.her'old'lover's'surprise,...-4.=..-'  .*-•:
T'was hard to surmise, ';■ .>*.-'  ^ -J •" i
But;s.tIiritJlooks blue," y.7,7,.,   ,
Although it.-is true," 7 ' ?/.y  !-,*-, r   .
Maybe, future hbpe's'7realize7' ?/;t-, , -
(We-don't know the boy and-W don't-
know"the;lass,\but" wejll.'sure^wat the:
p'6etyhe's*a'-,g€nuirie7alas!.)'- -,--.'-.
_:; Ori, Sunday, night ;Mr.7 John. Kerman.
of "New Michelrdied-afte'r a-long and
RalBfuIj;.lIneBs".'' - The - deceased, who
ieaVes^^da^"gTit*e^^d"*:son4n-l"aw to
mourn^ him," -was - buried-'oa-. Tuesday-
a'fternoon^at the cemetery.*-; -TherMe-0
:,rThe JPolmatler Sisters' -..Challenge
LadyvOrche'stfa, ,who will be here on*
*March'8,'is said toibeIthemo'st up-to-
date lady orgal_ilzatlo,riin;th;e .country.
Their programmes•>are'*'so,''v'arIed."with
up-to-date novelties which are always
neiy". and" catchy," full of life and' humor- and every number being'a'.Surprise,., they,; never full to;'please the
^^1_M±y_^_Sypitii -
\ Ut C. Skinner,- manager of tht Weit-
frn-1'Cari»'da'. Wholesale Co.',1;of .Feriile,
was doing business iB'.Hos'mer on Wed-
ri«day:- '-. *■''■•. ■. >" i?. \y .fc-A". ^?.v
. .On" Moiday last there.'was/orie." of
th«v best -concerts that ,hiv#.;takei_
place 'in the"'Op€ra-.Hous"e>*uhder, the
au8pices'of the Methodist Church',"aiid.
it.'surprised the audierice-f.what.ithe"
local talent can do. ."^Great^praise is
due' to the ■ performer's ?for - the able
and practicable manner'* in"--which'they
carried the .program out/,.. "Hey. Dim-
mIck,;of Fernie,.was ln the'ehair,'' Programme* pianoforte*'solo, Miss Phyllis
Marlatt-'quintette, '"Killarriey"; ?Club
Drill; duet, "I,Know a'Bank."„'Messrs
Smith and Alexander; dramatic Bketch
"The- California .Uncle";.'.-- song,' ''An-
chcred,", Mr: W. E. Smith?; JBackward
Drill;-chorus, "Men of Harlech',"'Hois-'
mer-'Male Voice Club; song,' "The Alabama Coon)"-Laddie Krish; humorous
farce, '.'Mrs. Buttermilk'-'; song,."Once
I-was SingIe,"-,Edward Musgrove; song
"Flight of Ages.'-MrB.'Anderson;'*Boot
Drill;-,chorus,;"0'er the'Downs," Hos-;
mer Male Voice C'#ib;' dramatic sketch,
"A Cloudy,Day;" duet,/'Life's Dream
is O'er," Mrs.-Andersdn and Mrs, Salt;
''Madam,'. Squalllna's Band
,.' .'■
♦ ' " V\   «• -'• " ^ *"1",' - *.'
♦ 7  COAL CREEK1- "
♦ - - *''*—", ;:-.   " '. ". 7
y. ■ ♦
for *a"speedy'recovery. " There -jut
several more "caws in town, but who
is to' biame' for 'this,epidemic: ityi»
difficult to'B_iy"k"- =;'•• ••>.'• , *,.-' ' ,<.
: There was amother merry weddlif
her« the-otheffday: wheri,.one'of. our
Polish brothers'.took:' unto „" himself" a
helpmate.. - They we're* married at the
R.1 C. Church: -'"  (   \-r-    ,v-'   'J,
John - Nash=" and' Leonard RIdgeway
are visiting friends in town;;' -
This "moving pictures at -the :0pe'ra
HouBe^arej proving-'a great~ success.
The pictures are , good," clean, "and
neat; and is meeting-.with approval.
For good shows "patronize the'tlnion
Hall.'   .- ■■-.     . 7-«    -   -,*.;   , * - _,
7 The Jeanne Russel Co7wlll piay
three nights in Blairmore, Monday,
Tuesday, ■ and Wednesday; of tbe criming" week..-, ?,',''",--* <•  -.   '   .--:
',. n,..'■'..given In-Bonamlca's.HalJ on Saturday
-.' -;->nfght. -;''A"great"numbor?of,'t'ho"Bo-
,'..,.- '.hemlari people wero pfoseiit and took
,„.•.'.  part in the progrnmnjo of.muslc,- after
.'. ■■ .which"a shor,t danco,was glvon. 7,,"'..,
-y-7 : ,S. McQIchlo, of'Frank',.left on'Suri-
, ■», day- Inst to nttond tho mlnor'B conven-
■ >7,tlon at.Lothbrldgo.-,' .*■. „,   .-.     •■,  .
A special meeting- of. tlio union was
,_■•.■ callod on Tuesday' aftorhoon and' ar-
■ .rangemonta made fdr, tho'funeral of
y.Goo. Lakatoc.   " Tt Was? docldod that
1  «   -P.i.Wynn,- J. Konnedy and Frod Elliott,ho a comnilttoo to nsk the coin-
. pnny to let tho mon oft from' work on
.Wednesday, nnd to attend tho funeral.
*, ,v Tbo request was granted.   /• ".  *"-"'•-
,,Tho regular mooting''of tho union
?7tm Sunday. ' Thero was n large nt-
ondanco ,tho best since "the strlko
' was settled.'  About thirty now mora-
'bora woro Initiated  Into tho union.
Tho noxt regular'meeting will bo held
'  March tho 3rd. - All members aro re*
quested'to Vo present.,    ..'   ,.
Thp Jcnnnp Ru-asol Co. will play
,   throo nights In Blairmore, Monday,
,Tuesdov,>and'Wodnoidny of tho coming wook.       ■
♦ "
Wo aro sorry to loam4hat John
8wlt_er ii now lnld up,In tho hospital
'with typhoid fovor, and hopo (or hla
spoody recovery?
Joioph Littler has Moui-od a post'
tlon nt Wardner, B. 0., much to his
A wrestling match between Old
Shy and John Norhoo Is to como otf In
tho near future. Keep your oyos opon
for'tho postora. "       * ,,, ,   -, ,- ■__.■»■-,-.-__,-■■-
m Mondny nlRht a dnnco waa siren »n Wednesday oveing tho rabjoet for
r 4tin Vnht^tiv «0"ic.:' i«. t'.-.c ?!_r_! 'r'*'hn,'n   wn*1''   "n*,'»''vf»d    Tlint'*nn(«'hn.
"By "Looker-On."
-7Hollo! Now we're going''to have
some sport.-," The entries opened on,
Monday" for "tioncastor's Spring Handicap of 'call-shot-and the!Hnmllton
Stakes for the highe'sMridivIdual score
.oij'tho bowling alley..' During tho
month,yery- yaluable, prizes are. offered, tho winners. (Latest betting, 100
to" 1, bar. I,—Liverpool). ■•'
i On Friday, the 16th inst., a party of
Hosmer Masons .viBited Fernio, going
down-on tho local and returning on
the other. The occasion was tho inl-
tlritlon of R. W. 'Rogers-Into the-myT
stories of the nnclent order. Tho foi*
lowing gentlemen-composed tho party,
Il.( Aldorsb,n, D,' "Pollock, Di Nollls, A.
W, Lawson, A.' Mc L. Fletcher, R. W.
Rogers „
« According to tho Calgary Eyo-Oponor
Fornlo has sent in a bid for tho Johnson Fight * * Hosmor took tho bull by
tho * horns, <nt least tho Queen's Pic-
turo Show did. Thoy showed ','Lll
Arthur"' in" all his glory with tho samo
old smilo^and'tho boys camo away—
; The California Undo wns vory generous on Monday evening.     '   .
Tho English Church sorvlco will bo
hold once n wook during Lent In tho
Odd Fellow's Hall,-commencing on
Monday noxt, Fob, 20th. at 7.30 p.m.
Tho sorvlco will bo conducted hy tho
Rev. W. M. Walton, rector of Fornlo.
Mombors of- all denominations cordially Invited, ■ ■• -,    ■ ■
Hosmer Skjitlng Rink Club Is Riving a dancb In tho- Opera Houso on
Friday, February 23rd, at 8.80 pirn,
Loula Colo has not forgotten his
lion's laying double-yoked-ogRHjlilfl
friend wont homo seeing doublo-yoko
Things must bo looking up a bit.
Tho real estate ngonts havo boon vory
much in "evidence this payday, One
of thorn actually boosted Boavor Crock
Roddy McGregor \m purchased a
houso and throo lots In Nelson, ITo
has great faith In tl.o TCootenay capital.
At Hosmor Lllorary and-Social Club
' Venosla.   A largo crowd attended'and I !*?« 8hMM bo Taxod."(   Whnt will bp
ti.uicf'ui. waa (.opt up Mil I u,m., whon,
nil dispersed thoroughly satl-v.lcd with
.the night's entertainment. '  '
Undo I-onby loft Tuesday night for
;. President\J. .E.,Smith, of-^Gladstone-
Local .left here; on, Sunday', afternoon
for,. Lethbridge" where, he ..will - attend
the Annual District' Convention1.
Miss "Lottie Gray"'?'and *Mr..1Sairi
Phillips, of-Fernie," paid a short visit
up here last Sunday afternoon.1 .,'. '
, A special'.train'was'run up'liere at
ll,p?m.i last Saturday, for- the' benefit
of those .wishing to take" in the Jeanne
Russell „ show; at the Grand Theatre,"
which was certainly "well patronized,
it being pay-day.'"; The camp here was
more" deserted th'ari'it had been, for. a
long time, each and every one seemed
to be out, en joying themselves, which
they ,'did Jnstyles, to,suit themselves.
Mr. • J. ,T.' Ma'w'sori' arrived back in
camp last 'Saturday, from" Merrltt, Nicola >Valleyy Jack">ha,s just; come out
of tbe hospital, having lately received
a* blow on.the;kriee.while '
the'mine; which'c'auMd, him a lot qf
trouble,-but'he overcorae this
now that he' cah'?be ?'attended',.to by
his better'half." ■->/?-77V'-'.7 r '--'
*. Mr_:H.\Allani<'*an old'Creekite/bnt;
now, of Corbin,^ well'knownas 'a keen
footballer,-was'shaking hands, with old,
friends - up' bere'-cfri Wednesday' after-
noon/'*.- ,-'-.,"-,-;7='-*-', --, y* . -*1"
Mrs:, F.i -Vance',,Tof Fernie," was"visit-'
ing friendsvup-here,orilvWednesday.^ '
-A new dfylgood-clerki-arrlved here
on Monday for,the'.Tirtes-Wood Co:.
Last Monday,- .'afternoon .& > _neeti»g
was -.called' In, thes Club', Hall for all
those interested;*in. football-to appoint
Was a fairly good'attendance, nthe following officers we_"e'appointed,"and the
committee *,ins_ructed"that "they were
to,-do everything'jin'-.thelr -poWer'for
the good-and welfare^-oftj-he C. C
club. -.Hon. .President:' J.^Shanks;'
President*^D.-'Martin;" Vice-President.
Geo.- -O.f'O.'Brlen,*^W. Wilson,''Adam
Watson,)*.';Dri ''Woricman; '"■Secretary
Treasurer; -W. Hrifehes; Trainer,'Jas?
Logan;.Committee',''John Worthlngton,
N. Harrison, R. Johnson, S. Hall," Joe
Worthington, R; Saftison.'Ri Blllsboro;
J.-.Howells, Jas.■ Harrison C. Heeketh;
Thos. Smith', J.-William, J. Mitchell,
Thos. Ratcllffe. • ,-n * .- r-•
■ .Last Tuesday evening a' fairly good
gathering assembled in the Club Hall
to.hear,the Jecture on- Africa^ by the
Rev. H.'Stevenson of the PrcBbyterlan
church. Mr.,-Jno. Shanks* occupied
the; chair,, but heidld not;have very
'muoh to say, beyond remarking tliat he
.was not, a great speech 'maker. The
first on the program was a pianoforte
solo by Mrs,.Stevenson; "Dolly's*LulI-
aby," by Ivy'Puckoy and Margaret
Shanks; selection,(Pirmo, Mrs. Steven-
son and Mr. A..Hewitt, violin.- After
this came the lecture, and Mr. Stevenson told ho loft-hls'home In
England in 1903. to go out as a missionary, to Africa, 1 and of some*of tho
hardships that "hnvo to bo confronted
among those strange peoplo. Ho gave
the humorous side-us woll as tho other
and was listened, to with every attention by, all proBont.- '."'■.
' The mines woro.all idlo-iup horo on
Monday, and again on Thursday-and
Friday, and Jt in doubtful- whether
they will be working boforo Monday.
Thomas Graham, Chief Mines la-'
spector for B. 0., has boon visiting tho
mines 1 up horo .this week. -Ho also
gav« a short lcctnro to-thri ovormon
and) flro bosses on'tho use of the Drao-
gar npparatUB, which of tholr representatives (Draogar's) Is at present tmvol
ling around with showing tho varloucf
Improvements that havo boon mndo ln
this apparatus.
: On Wodnosdny, evening a InrRo
crowd nssombled, in tho Methodist
Church to do justice to pies that had
been mado" by lho LadloB' Aid and
frlondB.' It certainly was a raro good
spread, and ovory ono did full Justice
ns.plo nftor pio vanished na If by magic , Aftor ovory, ono had n good fill,
tho tables woro cleared and tho following progrnm of oongs, solos and recitations was vory woll given: Edith
Joyw*, "BoaRUll"; Jonny Joyco, "Swoot
and Low"; duct, Lilly and Maggie
Hall, "Thorn's a Welcome Homo in
Donr Old Iroland'i scloctlon on violin
and orgnn, P. nnd J. Qoskell; Jas, Mad*
dl»on, "The aiory Song"; recitation,
Edith Joyco, "Tho Vlllago Riack-
ntnllli"; recitations, Jonny Young and
Hilda Merchant; solectlon on tho
gramophone. Chairman, Mr Unnnon.
An Italian, named Cnsaetli, hnd Ma
foot severely crushod by boini. urn
ovor with a oar In Nn, fi mlno nn Tnn,r.
'•-, .-     i   ". ■      - ■  -, . '.,♦
The boys had,a great time h'er'e-last
Saturday, the occasion being.the .wedding, celebration- of - John - Moorriouse
and* Jeannie Pearson.,- - John 'thought
it-was;time to. get-married, and* having the,girl he.'did the"trickyfGood
luck to them both.,   .*    v y.-:,-..-.,."
The'. MacCrae. Picture»Show .Company, gave us an'- exhibition in the Miners', Hall on February 19th. The pictures .were good,, the music-was excellent; and,the" daricer.sweet.-.. _So?wbat
more" can anyone . expect ,,for -. his
money?-. .*■ "'  -' ..%„.. 0. *   ,7.7.,
We are all having a great'time at
the dancing "assemblies ■ and' classes.
The foreign'brothers are, getting on
fine at the afternoon school classes. A
teacher - was brought ^over from" Edmonton and .all the? students, are. now
studying.the' English language 'with a
zeal that ,is most commendable. '.  ,
The ; Jeanrip, Russel Co. will .play-
three' nights  iri' Blairmore,   Monday,.
Tuesday,, and Wednesday of the coming week."   , .jv???, ...
y -..-   Subscribe to Krsur Case  •
'"Passburg' Local Union No. 2352,- has
collected among its members the sum
of $35.25 ■ to • swell the funds, of tho
Krusz" 'AppeaKCase?''1
'*'   \'i M,?7^ MINE'S     ',"   ,
".This ball/organized by
Beaver. Mines," and. which was'.held'In
Torpey's.Hall on,Monday evening last,
was largely attended, and proved,to be
a great.sucfiess, both; ■financially and socially. '•'..'.Visitors' were. ■ present In good
numbers from' the; neighboring towns
of. Frank. .Belleyue. Lundb'reckr 7and
PIncb"erTCreeky->1Ear_y;i indications- of
tb.e success ..and'?*, a good attendance
could ' be "noted, beforehand- ;by -the
arrival t; of ,\ fouri.„lar,ge autos - with
full . complement " ,-of. - passengers,
all'-,.peemlngly<7j,bj_i)t.l.onv having '.a
good'.41ine, 4';rMdmej-j>_rrudelle's- Orchestra", "of.Pincher-Creek^was Bpecial-
lyj"engaged-.and'treridered excellent
riiusic,-,.?.. A good\worklng-commlttee
saw.- to' tho ■ comfort of everyone pre-
sejot.}.- i'Mrs.,McVicar>made* hxi\excellent, floor manager, Mrs. Moody'as M.
C.,( had., the * duty of introducing the
ladies,, and Mrs. Lowery and Miss'Ida
Smith assisted in the general supervision.' .On-.thisoceaslon the-gentlo-
men^were'.escorted to the'ball by the
ladles, and at the close'of the ball were
seen safely, home by their fair escorts,
When*, the ball was In full swing tho
room ..looked. full of. animation and
color?- 7 Tho ladles* dresses were only
equalled'In such places as Calgary,
Lothbridgo'.,and ' other, large cities
(What nbout Fernio?) ,.„The gentlemen .'raised themselves and mado'a
good display ln fancy ties, white gloves and peep-n-boo socks, "*' Mr. Hawes
socks wore.voted a perfect dream by
the ladies—the many colors blending
so .woll! An oxcollent,supper wns provided; at mld-nlght by Mr. E. Ballan-
tyno, 7 Dancing was, kept'up with
vigor' until the mlno .whistle went at
0 o'clock,'wh«n tho proceedings .como
to a conclusion, many of thorn, having
only just time to change into, thoir
pit clothes,,but all well .pleased and
looking forward to tho next Leap year
ball In 1010,- ,.■'.'■        ■   ry.
and  b ,•.<:,_-«'
In   Alberta
..W .oufii. i'4iii't.*' -\s_j'_   ou ilifi iHtii
On Tuesday last nn accident "In No.
i South resulted In John Poplcoehuk
tho Edmonton country whore ho will. having hla log broken.
I'f t 1
Men's Furnishings, Boots and' Shoes
*.,    1. *' .    -       •   ■
Call and set our Spring- Sample! nf Men's
Suitings from $18 to $40
(Sncr-fvwnn to W.J. Wl»ln» * Oo.) COT.EMAN
♦^♦♦♦^♦^ ♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Kvoryllilng li quiet around town as
URiial. Only when Iho boys from tho
' lumber ramps como In driea It appear
pretty lively. fc
Wo hear that tho Western Co-Operative Co. I* starting a butchery In con-
noctlon with their store. Wo hove
ho doubt hut thnt. U will -m*.<;t wlfh
success aa they aro carrying on a good
trade at tholr slow. T!Mr ton r*-r
iH*iit Mtheme Is working wet) nnd with
Mr. Mawton as manager business <•
Increasing rapidly.
J!l»« Mariraret Porter, daughter of
Dr. Porter, la t*rloi. .ly 111 with pnti
monla. Thoro bavo been two ipodal
doctor* attending btr tbo pan fow
day*, "ahft w*» *n» »»l/»if tn tKjjtr fh<«iv»
nro algnt of Improvepont, and hop*
(Included in roport of Vloo-Presldcnt
BtiibbB.)      ■       •    ■
Mr, O'Brlon askod, tho govornmont
tho following quostlons of which ho
hnd given notico and which wero an-
sworod by tho Hon, Mr. Sifton,
Q. 1. Whon wns -Elijah Heathcote
appointed mlno Inspector for tlio
Crow's NcBt Pass district?
A. Wns appointed District Inspector
of Mlnos for tho Crow's Nost Paso
district on April 1st, 1000.
''Roalgnod on Novembor 30th, 1008,
to nooopt position na superintendent
for tho Crow'B Nost PftBS Coal Co.
Ltd., Conl Creek, B. C. Rcippolntod
District Inspector of Mlnos for tho
Crow's Nest Rasa District on March
21at, 1010,
Q. 2. Tb ho still In tho employ of tho
govornmont as mlno Inspector!"
A, Yes.' as District Inspector o(
Q. .1. Una this Govornmont nny
com m un leal Ion from tlio Secretary of
lho llolloviio Loral,of tlio Unllod Mttio
Worltora rolntlng to tho dnngoroua con«
dl linns of tho Bollovuo Mlno, and nik-
Iner for an Innwrllnri of the snld mini-**,-
If so what aro tlm date or rtaton?
..., Ytt<, VH.vxu,l'i i uiJ utiii Uh, liiUi,
Q. 4. Wns thero nny reply theroto
and whato date of onrliT
A,  Yen. December Srd and 4th, 1010.
Q, C. If nt all, wlmt date or dutou
wore audi Inspection or Inspections
*•>* fi ."1 r. •
A.   Dorembcr 7th, 1910. »
Q. 6. Has tho Oovcrnmont any ro-
portB or record* regarding nn oxploslon In tho HoUovue .Mine on October
31st, 1010, whon the mlno waa Idle, If
so what did tho govornmont do to
mako tho mlno safe?
A. Yo«; tho rompnny was notified
that a good swooping ventilating current of air be kopt patalng eonirnntly
thrmmh that portion of the mlno, wbocrt
pillars had been eitraeted, to M to
prevent gis accumulating.
Q. 7 On Dewmber *th. 1010, « dli-
antor In the nnWenut Mln* eauicd the
death of 31 men. On wltat date Just
prior to tuch dlmter did lb« Oov«m-
m*»nf frtupo^-frtr fntpoot wfif ntfno and?
what wax hit report.
•A;;l)ec*n_ber^th; 1910: ' "That I
have'examined the No. 1 s«am arid
found th« timbering,* ventilation and
general conditions to b* good; did not
find sny gBB present. (Signed) Elijah
Heathcote.'y.yyyy - ..,..-
'■'Q,'8. ".Has thciGovernm'ent any report, from any-of its-Inspectors as to
the cause of such disaster?
,">.'• No.*"    ■"*■■ '77 "7 "* j     -'.-     "'•
:("!. S ; .If .so, was, tfiere any- viola-
tlon;qf the Coal Miries, Act? r .,    ,
;A. There were uo'violations o: the
Conl Mines--Act, r. -"'.--''
.,,Q, 10.. Has the Government any„re-
port'from any of its-inspectors dealing, with the, Inquest over the;bodies
of the said.31 dead men?
• Q, 11. Did the'Government employ
a solicitor to represent at "said-inquest, and" if so with what object In
view?-"'     . *,, *f.   ' -*-■.,
"'A',' Yes; -with'object of assisting in
the Investigation and-if criminal lia-
bilty found, reporting same.     ,    .   -
Q, 12.'- If the" Government employed
a .solicitor, have they, any report fiom
him as to the legal or criminal'liability of any person or persons'in connection with the"said disaster,'which'
caused the death of thessaid 31'men?
-A No"?       ,'   '-   * ' '    ■  ■ .
'.Q, 13. r From the knowledge 'from
which the Government has regarding
the death of the said 31 men, do they
consider Elijah Heathcote, \ Government Mine Inspecfor;.--Mr...Coulthard,"
gewral manager; Mr. Powell.- manager; Mr. Anderson, pit boss of-the mine
at tho time of the.disaster, is or are
excused from criminal liability; if so
what is-the^ knowledge, the Government have upon which they have come
to ilie conclusion .that anv o-; all cf
these persons *are excused from criminal, liability?  ,.>.;•-. *-,
A: No 'evidence showing criminal
liability; has been brought to the atten-
tion;of 'the..government.   '•
"'Q. 14. .. Are the - said Heathcote;
Powell and Anderson still holding certificates issued by.the Government'as
inspector,-manager and pit boss?*
-A.-'There- are no scuh certificates
issued by the Government through an
inspector.'.? Powell holds a certificate
as manager .and Anderson a certificate
as,*plt boss.',,",,   -    -- ij
•-Q. 15. "Was the Government and is
the Government aware of the fact that
the ^Dominion- Government, appointed
onfe'fJos.- S. "Hudson,' bf the mines
branch, Ottawa,' toattend the'said inquest with a .view to making/a report
as to the'cause'-'of the'said disaster?
* a. No. v   -. -y
] ,Q.,16.' Has the Government any report'from the'said-'Hudson" on the said
disaster.',:-''- -.'i>  l,- ■*-■'    -
;A'..No'yy^,";-'    '
Q. 17.- -If the Government has a report .rom?t__e;saId.Hudson what steps
have been .taken-by. this. Government
with a view, to bringing to Justice those^
of the'said -.--j ■
A Answered,by replies to Q. 13 and
19."   "„    ,  .'-.-   - i,1"   -■•-.'
- .Q.18? Has' the Government" appointed; more mine*inspectors",since
theUellevu* Disaster? .U .«o, how
many?"' ' " '" ?"- :, ■■   ,"--..
A," Yes; one.;:,'-'1   *'<■•■/*   *.
.Q, 19. ^Hariithe Government any assistants . to/-* riiine inspectors, with1 a
view of fa'cilltatirig the'clerical work;
if so/how. many?        -', ''
- A.'"No.w> ._ :\ ,. , t| .;.,,■;,-
Q" 20.'-''Is"the Governriierit establishing oxygen breathing" apparatus 'stations In', the .mining districts of, this
province,'and If bo aTO the mine work-
era1.,union being-consulted as to the'
most suitable locations?.
-A. Mlrie rescue*stations are bolng
established, thei officials of the United
Mine Workers of America have been
consulted as to;tho most suitable locations; 7. ■., -
Q. 21, Aro the Government going to
havoa'comrnlttee' to enquire into tho
mining conditions of tho province with
a vlow to drafting a now Coal Mines
Act; IfiBoUi'ow many members will
ho on the said, commission, and when
will tliey start their duties?
A',''No;''"arcommission will ho appointed consisting ot throo mon nl«
vcady thoroughly acquainted with tho
mining conditions of Alberta nnd com-
potent to' draft necessary amendments
to tho Coal Mines Act. ,,
Q. 22. If the' Government has such
a commission will tho executive of tho
Mlno Workers Union Bploct a part ln
A, No; tho Government will so-
led tho commission, tho Mlno Workers'.Union will bo roproBontcd.
Q, 23. Is It the Intention of n tho
Govornmont to appolnt'n lognl ropro-
sentnttve on said commission,' If so
for what purpose.
A. No.
Q. 24, If tlie Government intends
to appoint n legal representative on
«nld commission will the Govornmont
allow, tlio minora' to havo a solicitor
of tholr own choice at tho expanse of
tho Government on Bald commlnlon.
• A. Tho Government does not Intend to nppolnt n legal roproBontntlvo.
Havt Bouoht Tract South of Taber
• Rich In Minerals
TAJ1BR, Fob. 10.—It Ib understood
that (i deal which, Inn. been pending
for somo tlmo In which somo Tabor
buHlnoBH mon nro fntoroatod, has been
cloBO'l within tho lant fow days. A
Byu.ll.nto of Montreal capIlallHtahnvo
purolinflcrt from Messrs, W. K, llulloclc,
n,(iK. -hillock, K. C. Moo ond G. It.
row-ll, a targe property In tlio Flat-
hmi fuuuli-y, .iow to _.•'•«. ImiuVr, con-
slflllng of about twenty sections of
the oliolrost coal proporty in the country, containing aovcrnl rich sonms of
conl, Tho now ayndlrnlo nro nu-
.u<(J *u. >Lut» Cfenmi iiiiiriutii ihiijiiiik
tholr proporty In tho noar futuro, and
Will Immodlntoly romrmonce oporn-
lions on n largo sdalo, It In under-
stood that tbo deal has been closed
by a substantial oaih payment, and
Ilia' \\T. A. Aubin, who Tinn had chnrt;r>
of tho negotiations, la to bo congratu-
lntnl on tbo *»iooott»ftil oiitrnmo of
1j|b iKKOtlatJons.
Tl|e Rbcky; Mountain!:   *'.
■ , <  .,<-'* '"*■"- '"■ ,,7   -' *- - .        ' .
At the Famous Sulphur Springs
yyyFRANK,;A_ta.y.. *y:"y
Fitted throughout with every modern convenience
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
-,.?•''      •    ,}" '■ - .
.,     ■ Wholesale^Dealers in .
Wines, Li^orsahd
"■/\X:.r^   CIGARS   ".' *
'    ,     ?   7 " ; Phone 83, Frank; Alta.
•■<    We have.the largest and most.up-to-date
Hardware airid Furniture Stock
0  ,..' ~     in the Pass.   : Everything in      ?
Stoves and Ranges y
Granite! & Enamelware
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating. .   Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
* •   ';.'-;•- "•"•"•-.'v1-1;.;;-  ■    . <■    ■    ,       * y •;- y ,.     u
Phone 7    .FRANK, -Alta.     P.O. Boi90
■ !
'""*    •;'■",-*'- Importers of •' y.-y
-y.-f- 77 7,. and Dealers in     --- ■.•.:/-
Domestic Groceries
-    -<_,-'*.'   "■        ,, •.        *■>
Agents for.Steamship Companies. New Michel, B.C.
v ■ - .i
;.",..,      HOSMER
i ...
No housewife ever complained directly
or indirectly about the quality of our
goods. ' Nd 'wonder! They're all of
the best quality.
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman*s trade
G, A. CLAIR ;-: Proprietor
Bllcsln, Fob. 19.—A Inrge numtior of
fatnlltlofl wn» cnusod by a flro wlilch
whh dlHCovorod In ono of tlio pIIh In
tula conl mining contor onrly todny.   '
Seven bod lew of minors hnv<. bc<.n
broiiRht to tlio Rurfaco nnd tlio author!-
lieu liollovo tbat ut loast twenty moro
mon hnvo porlHhod.
Tho number of men In tho jilt whon
tho .lr« nmionrcil I" not ilnf'nlfflv
known, but nil oxrciit thodo In tho lm-
modlnto vicinity of tlio bottom of tho
flhftfl woro cut off from ami nro
almost curlulnly dcnil,
No, ion, tho country dou* not d«v
f^nil for "protperlly'' upon th« amount
wbj.h capital %ttm\% from \%Hr, but
upon Ih* rnimh* •whl-,f. Ar*» Mt, smf
} which labor upend* tn order (o Hv«.
Rkuijiatisiii, Lumbago
, And Lame Back ,
enn lio curcil by tho grcui fruit lild-
noy nnd Hvcr romody,
nrnnlfonl, Ont, A»ir. tn, 1'ijf
Your m«llcln«f FIk Pills, hfiu work-
pd wonder* for mo. Tho rhrumntlc
jmlni hnvo ontlrnly It'll m« ntid I owo
•flverythlnit to your romo_1y. \a\t nre
nt llt<x>r|y to putitUh thia.—It. !!. Onll-
At nil dfaters, W nnd 50 t*nt«, or
Tho FIk PHI Co., 8t. ThomtiB, Ont.
Hold In Fernio tit McUnn's Drug and
ifook fltoro. *   .
The Hotel
JL/xJL.L__r 1~*£\ W
One ot the
(J... J. ECKST0RM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Shilolfe Gun
STOPS C0U-jK3 i-kicti, n cumt« By
•X    5
SPONTANEOUS   COMBUSTION-O^""is .t-.'at-br'co"n.i_iuous heading, which,
In a paper by Mr. Horace C: Porter
and Mr. F. R. Ovitz, recently published in the Journal of Industrial _md
t Engineering'Chemistry, an account is
given of an investigation by the United
■States Bureau of Mines into, the de-
'. ter.oration and spontaneous heating of
coal in storage. -   Four coals were ex5
•amined as to the effect from storage
, under water, under cover in tbe • air,
nnd in'tho'open. The conclusions
arrived at,in regard to the effects of
the different methods of storing are
given as follows:      „       -„j       ■•
Storage under water unquestionably
preserves the heating value and tho
physical strength of coal. But it practically necessitates firing wet coal,
and Therefore, means the .evaporating
in the furnace of-an amount of mqls-
ture varying from 1 to 15 per cent.,
according, to the kind of coal. This
factor is an important drawback to
under-water storage with coals .like
the Illinois and Wyoming types'," which
mechanically retain 5 to 15 per cent
of water after .draining. But in case
of the high  grade .eastern • coals,* if
' firemen are permitted,- as is ordinarily
' the case,- to wet down their, coal before
firing,'"so 0as to make," <as they say,
>"& hotter fire," then the addition during storage of the 2 or 3 per cent mols-
t ture'which these.vcoals retain would be
of little consequence. * Submergence
storage is an absolute preventive of
spontaneous.combustion, and1 on'that
account alone its use may be justified
with some coals- but merely for the
- sake of the saving to be secured by
avoidance of weathering, there • does
not seem to be good ground for its use.
It ig^shown.that high volatile matter
does.not.of itself increase the liability
"to spontaneous heating.     The authors
' continue: A recent circular letter of
inquiry   on*t spontaneous combustion
* sent by.the Bureau to more than 2,000
large coal consumers of the United
-States has brought 1,200 replies, of
.which' 260 report instances of spontaneous combustion, 220, of them naming
the coal.   , Of these'220,-95 are in seml-
T* '
bituminous low volatile coals of - the
Appalachian region" and 55 in western
 and_middle western, coals. This-_re-
suit shows at least" no falling behind
* on the part of the "smokeless" type,
and no cause for placing special con-
1 fldence in these coals for safety in
., The weight of opinion among practical users of coal is tbat moisture
promotes spontaneous heating, but the
observations of the Bureau    do   not
support this view.     Sulphur has been
shown, in most cases, to have' only a
minor  Influence.     In  a" number ' of
actual cases,  samples of the heated
conl were taken where the heat.was
greatest, and analysed for 'total sulphur and for' sulphates.     The unoxl-
dined sulphur was ln no case less than
75 per cent, of the average total sulphur in the original.    In other words,
not more than one-quarter of the total
n sulphur had entered  into any. heat-
producing   reaction.     Freshly-mined
coal, and even fresh surfaces exposed
by crushing lump coal, exhibit a 'remarkable avidity for oxygen, but after
a tlmo become coated with oxidised
material, "sonaoned" as it wero, no
that the action of the air becomes
much loss vigorous.     It is found in
practice that if conl which has boon
stored for six weeks or two months,
and has oven becomo already somo
what honlod, bo rohnndlod nnd thorou-
,  ghly cooled by tho air, spontaneous
heating rarely begins again.
Suggested  Rules to be  Followed
Tho papor concludes with tho following recommendations ns to the fltof-
lng of coal, tho adoption of whloh Is
advlsnhlp whore If will not Involve nn-
roasonnblo oxpotiHo:
1. Do not pllo ovor 12 ft. doop. nor
so that any point In'tho Interior will
bo ovor 10 ft, from an alr-coolod mil'-'
2, If poHBlblo, Rloro only lump,
fl, Kcop dust out as muoli ns possible; thoroforo roduco handling to u
., Pllo ho thnt lump nnd fln« nro
dlHlrlhutod ns evenly nn pohrIIiIo; not,
hh.Ih often dono, allowing lumpu to
roll down from* n peak and form air
pnnflngoH at tha bottom.
r>, Itohnndlo and Hereon nftor two
rt. Koop nwny oxtornal H-onrccB of
hont, though mndernto In degree
7, Allow six WPOl.B* "boiihoiiIi.b"
aftor mining hnforn nlorlng.
fi.   Avoid nliornnto wotting nnd dry-
_>. Avoid ..<.j.<!,.,.]'_.) of .'ilr ... -.'-trior nf pllo lhrough Interstices around
for.ilt.ln objpptu, such nn timbers) or
Irregular brickwork; nlno through
poroun bottoms, hupIi an conrao cm-
>_\.> a,
10. Do not try to vontllnto by plpos,
nn moro harm Is oflnn dono thnn good.
are pushed  forward from' the shaft
towards? the limit of, the. field. : .The.
pillar and s^all systeta has,.occasional-
ly,been* adopted in some thick.seams
In the districts of the- Centre and of
Liege. -,~The steeply-inclined seams;
are worked In, reverse steps' and the
flat seams either by rising or forward'
stalls.     Coal-cutting is nearly.always
performed by hand,-and it Is preceded
by holing in the. unproductive  beds
of the seam/ ' Blasting'in' restricted to mines containing little "or
no fire-damp, and is specially used lithe hard seams'of close-burning coal
of Charleroi. ' The consumption of explosives  for. the  getting  of  coal  in
these seams varies from 20kg. to 48kg.
per 100 tons? _ In the mines where the
use'of explosives is allowed the average  consumption of explosives does
not exceed 14kg. per 100 tons;    Com-'
pressed .air is'applied to drilling machines and small fans.     Haulage   is
nostly done by horses;    mechanical
conveyance is restricted, to .-.the main
roads, and is less'developed than in
the .other .coalfields where the -output
is greater .and. more., concentrated.
Locomotives are preferred in Belgium
Jo the endless rope or
In the colliery of ,-Amercdeur at Jumet
the* underground' haulage is effected
by .accumulator 'locomotives, .but  of
late in a number of collieries preference has been given to - benzine:pro-
pelled locomotives.    The, underground
application of electricity for drilling,
"lghtihg and especially-pumping, wind-
ir.S and, haulage are already numerous,
LuL have,,hitherto  been  confined  to
downcast shafts and intake air-ways,
except in non-fiery mines:     In most
cases continuous current at a moder-
ate voltage Has b'een "employed, but
three-phase current is used, in some-important-   installations.',  'At'   present
more than 50 per cent "of the companies have\ no' underground power, • except for the emptying of the trucks,
but since, the" application "of ."the new.
law limiting the hours of work in coal
mines the adoption of mechanical ^ap-'
pliances  has  been  considered  by "a
number of'-'companies 'as "a^'matter "of*
necessity.    Three circumstances have
a preponderating influenceon the cost
bf ^production of the Belgian .mines—
seams,  the  occurrence'of'fire-damp",
and the;depth of the workings.     The
seams are split and' wrinkled^* everywhere.- . These folds and wrinkles are
most numerous in the southern portion of the coal-bearing area, but while
they art "still we'll, marked In thVcentre
they become less noticeable towards
the I north,. In the, lower partv of the
country.     The average .thickness of.
the, workable  seams  ls  only  0.68m.',
with inferior, limit;- in
several collieries of the Hainaut province the average available "thickness
Luther ;,was chief mining engineer for*
theThilade.phia and Reading Coal bin
Iron Co'?, .'andihe conceived the * idea
Iron Co'.yand.he conceived the; idea
of putting .8 Inch*bore.Jioleg from the
surface;, to' the higher points in the
mine workings.'and of flushing- culm
downTtbese bore holes to,fill'up the
very large cavities. There were" large
culm piles* at the colliery,-so scraper
lines' were consliucled running from
the" "culm piles to the bore holes, and
water was pumped to. them from a
neighboring creek.. .Men-at the culm
piles screened the culm before it was
sent tb the bore holes by the scrapers,
and meh at the bore holes fed it
into/the holes as fast as" the water
would carry it down.' After the water
drained off from life, culm it flowed
by gravity' to the sump and was thence
pumped to the surface.' * In course of
time all'the openings were filled,' and
the success of the idea has been proved ,by'the fact thart 25. years'have elapsed since the work was done", and
there has been no subsidence of _ the
surface, where the culm was silted into
the, workings.      ?   ■'-   -. .-',-'- _.
The surveys* and • geological', cross
sections?, and the locations of the several, bore holes required, were' made
under the supervision of Mr.7John H.-
Pollard, then Resident Engineer"'of,the
Shenandoah District, and now„Diyision
Superintendent bf the Mahahoy Division of. thVP. and R.„C. \nd I. Co:" 7
.;Thus,"""in /1886, fifteen-years before
the plan was,' adopted, in" Silesia, it
was , successfully used in Pennsylvania. .* Some 2 or 3,years later Mr."
James B. Davies*, then superintendent
or the Haddock collieries' at Plymouth,,
Pa.,'knowing "of the results of the
work at' the Kohinoor colliery, successfully used the same method, and
'•he.-'also.'antedated the Silesian'engineers.* ... '      y   >     '   *'
It is interesting to also record the
;fact,.that at tlie Kohinoor colliery the
•culm in1 the mine packed so solidly
that gangways or headings were driv-
;en' through it and the miners reported
■that.'\t"-'.' cheese."   The fore-
poling.method of. timbering was naturally 'used/  in  .these    gangways" and
through them several hundred thousand .tons'.'of. coal  was mined  from
the.larger pillars, and the new excavations' ,-Vere then filled- with culm in"
described.'in. "Mines   and '. Minerals,"
then known-, as The Colliery Engineer,'
in the-early, part of 1888.—Mines'and
Minerals.       7 ,
There; at^any. number.-otydogsyin".
Xew, YorJ^ho7wear. coats, ^s/Vjatw.
,'alued?ras'|_.ig_- 'as ,'$200' dbUars'liac'^
and'mariy!are arrayed in collars'.studded witk vdiaiqomls and rubies yworcl-
hundreds''()f dollars," ' " yy .-"V "'*■*."
•■■..' TherV^-are^tens. of thousand^' of"
working womeii.'w'ho are" compelled rt'o
toil and? drudge las no ancient' pr-niod-;
erri slaves'were forced to do~ to pay^
for, p6or"?ff6o*a,*" clothing '"££$'shelter,'
and in,'order that the fine ladies''may,
compete ,'to^outdo,' each other' In. ifash-,
iohable'madness and prove .the.'theqry?
of "the survival of the fittest.'.-: There
are hundreds of thousands of ?me__ who
are worse off than, were ihe?serfs?"of
other "days .because they are'junable
to find masters to.provide them"with"
workj foythe reason'that the laud^and
machinery-of * production" upon.' wiich
they must .depend toMlve has been
monopolized by the pa'rtrlcians of our
day for their^own aggrandizement.'
Can this inferno" continue forever?
No, it cannot.' ' It-is in conflict with
all,sense of justice, against all natural or divine1 concepts of equity,* and at
war with therbest thought of the age!
Class privilege is, on trial for, its'
life, and no compromise can'* be effected by^ dillentante reformers and the'
patchwork of political poltroons.
A system that in a*fewv"short generations has transofrmed,a nation of freemen into aland of masters and dependents, in .which a few thousand'individuals own1 all and many' millions /are
mere pawns, is rotten to the core and
cannot endure,, , * . ■ ., * ,
"111 fares the-land and'to**hastening
ills* a-prey,, _' "-- "' -,.', '
Where wealth accumulates1 and .-men
* '. ,, decay.",' ,      *   ■''; x"    ,.'*•■
If this government is not to perish
from the earth,-then the1.people of
this > nation .-must become' thoroughly
aroused and throttle' the, system that
is dragging'^ the Republic toward an
abyss.      ''    •'■
" Jefferson, Jackspn^Madison, Lincoln
and other"statesmen repeatedly warned . against the * dangerous ■ tendencies -
*ha£ were developed by. capitalism'.even
iri their own^day',' and how this country
is'-'rapidly approaching, a .crisis 'that
cannot be averted.       '"> "- '
Either^the.'mohey 'power must;sur;
render or the 'people must acknowledge
its completelWe, which latter conai-
tion will, unquestionably result in/a-
revival of ,tU the 'barbarities and- corruption^ that" centralized wealth-, and
power produced"in all ages—and then
chaos,   y'■*'-. *-- '■■ '        v,-7 :""-
Speaking befor^-.\hersenate"commit-
tee on interstate^p__i__ierce'at''WaB
Follette' bill, ,'w_iic_\';$ar *or ■ its purpose'
of all the seams is, from 0.4m tb 0.5m.
These conditions present obstacles to
the utilisation" of,,coa.-?cuttlng'!machines," which, In'that part of", tbe'Belgian coalfields know ns the "Couchant
'deJMb'ns" (Dorinage district) will be
Impracticable on account of tlio twisted
and crooked character of the deposits.
j ,  , y
7'    "A.'NUISANCE   "  -•.'7 \
Owing to tho difficult leu und/*r whlrh
tho "Belgian conl IndiiRtry Ir carried on,
tho difference between tho cost of
production nnd the nolllng prlco, «ay«
a corronpondent In tho Times Kn-
BlnoerJnff Supplomnnt, In muoh Hmnllor
thnn In othor mining nountrloo where
tbe circumstances'nro more fnvornble,
llio method of worklnc iy?noroHy tiflfld
In tho October number ot The Mining Mngnsslno (London,*'.EnR.), Mr.
Edgar Pnm, in an article ontltled ','Wn-
ter-borne Packing, 'for Stopo-Fllling"
"This process, commonly known as
"ipnd fllllpg" wns,.started ln -Silosia
ln 1001, and Its vnluo ha8 boon proved
by tho rapidity.,,'with, which ..It,.hns
boon introduced all, ovor tho mining
world, . ; . - Many colllorles tn SIloHla,
Westphalia, and Franco are omploylnR
thin method of filling their workings;
tho majority of tho mining groups on
the WII-wntorBrand hnvo adopted It,
nnd from prlvnto Informntlon and curront literature It npponrs thnt a Inrgo
numbor of mlnos In flcotlnnd nnd tho
Unllert HtntoB nro falling into,lino.
Tho nbovo Hlnlemont, whllo not, n
direct claim, Ib n very strong Inference
thnt th-. filling or old worl.In._i. with
cnncl or othor mntorlnl flunliod In wllh
wnti'vorlglnntod In Europe Such nn
l.iforojice, however, is al, varlnnco wllh
In 188<1, llio worklnRB of tho Kohinoor colliery undor the wostern.pnrl of
tho borough or Shnmmdonh, Pn„
Unjcalcnod to destroy tho flurfaco nnd
tlio bulldlngH thereon. Tlio Mammoth fionm at tlio Kohinoor Colll^rv
wnn In thlfl locality normally from R0
to 00 feet thick, but owing lo nn over-
Inn thoro wns n bed of flno nnthrnolto
from OiO to ii'U tail thick.
The Philadelphia and .tending Conl
nnd I'-on Co, owned tho colliery, hnv-
liig piD'chimed It nevornl yonrs provl-.
oiuily rrom MoBurs, H. IIocIchcIioi' and
**.(> Most ot inn niimnic m the lorrl-
lory mentioned wns done by tho ori-
glnnl ownorfl nnd tho ronl extent of
tho mlno oponlngn wns not nhown on
thn mlno mnps, until a now nnd more
nccurnto mnp wnB conntrunted from
fuirvey-. by the wifllnwri. of the Phlln-
dolphln nnd Rending Conl nnd Iron Ce.
Tf wn<) evident from thin map nnd the
fact that n„ geological croRB-soctlon
showed Ins* thnn 400 feot of cover over
the sennv thnt there wns Rome dnngor
of a heavy subsidence of -the sur'
At thin time (1HM) the tote fl.   O.
'Outside the gates of the coal depot
at "Marsh Lane Station, Leeds, on
most days of the,-week a group of ill-
clad, -'squalid, children may be 'seen
waiting for the .exit of carts laden with
coal.J As the carts bump,over tlie1
si one setts lumps of coal roll to the
ground, nnd are seized by the children
with Wgerness?" If the driver Is ,not
looking the; more adventurous will
start,, a little .avalanche from the load
with a stick. The story Is told, in.the
Yorkshire Daily Observer how a day
or two'ago,one ckHna hoy'with■)a
head- of- flaming rod hair contrived tv
most .glorious downpour. Tho car-
tor turned round with a rough "Oet
aht of it, wliryer!'*, Up wont hla
whip, and the- lash coiled with the
vlciousnoss of. a anako; , A sudden,
flick of, tho wrist, and' the * leather
straightened itsolf out jiiBt n couple of
inches off tho "flying youngstor," ,T*ria.
couple of inches wns u piece of ar.
tlstry,' '''Easy with tho whip there!"
cnllod n pnBBpr-by. Tlio driver turned round nngiily, Ills reply, stripped
of Its decoration, was: "Wot's 'o want
tor lot mo catch 'lm at it for?"
f   '   •    '.."■   -^—r^     "c'    ' .  .., ,7
.- Organized-labor from every quarter
of "Western. Canada has been vigorously: protesting "^against the tremendous'
1lTlT10^t^^^lrl-'-^O^--^-Tf»b-Cn£_V^i**a ■tr_4f»^__+'h*tn*
territory for-toe., past two' years,'" and
have suffered mucli.as7he' result of
the glutted labor market for some time
past, along'with'the .victims themselves. So cbngeste,d,has become tlie .unemployed '. that even ' the employers
themselves 'ar-e' moved to issue a warning';' after having*to, turn away''so'
many, applicants,'for'work that it has
become a'positive'nuisance.' .Here's
what, a prominent Canadian Northern
Railway contractor?has to say In-tlio' ''In?all my experiencedn
railway construction* work I jjever saw
theVsupply of labor "Vo ample is
this; winttr, ,* For, "'several. weeks I
have been turning down over 100 applications daily," '.In of labor
and all ' that's .decent", , surely this,
Bhould suffice to-convince tho federal
and provincial governments of the
folly of intensifying the condition by
bonuslng and further encournglrigf need
Jobs' emigration from.the glutted labor
markets of the old land',—B. C. Fedora-
tibnlst. ; '< "' V    '
front .rank of ..the'-legai/prQfession^bf
this country," said,-; amon^other/thingij.'
; 'What have^thejtpjsts'-dbn^fof'la---
"boir? t In Pittsburg'th)8 *st^l<trust^as7
brought' over 'BO^per'-cWt^otjtlie'.-steel
workers undergone' employer^ has;*tlrlv-
en' unionism out, of "the; mills', "'has-^'increased ' working t hours * till*, the,eight-
hour ■ day has practically.^"disappeared.
A A-majority70f the ?steel" workers
work about 'twelve hours ;"many.r seven,
days In tlie week,. Degradation of.Uie
laborer was made possible by driving
out the union.- ^Th'e~sa'me* policy of
suppressing' trade ,unionism, has fpre-.
vailed,in Standard,,011,"tobacco, shoe
machinery,' harvester,, cash,-," register
and other trusts.' *r'\* -'•"" '-'• • '"c
, .."At a time jWhen toe..American.pep-,
pie are stunned by*. ,the^ crimes Vf" high-
trade union, officials^ ItMsr.fitting; to"
recall the debt America* owes, to^labor
unions."'-: To them'we; owe"-'tlie'"rise
in wages; "shorter, l_ours;of"labor; better "cbnditlonsfbf- employment; protection* of women^and children in\ industry,' and' improved sanitary condition."
, "Industrial ab'solutism'is undesirable
arid should be impossible.* Neither'Our
intelligence^ nor our,',characters ,-c'an
long stand the- strain - of ufirestricted
power.    -.„>;»-,      **,, - f ....-^.
"In_ ouryjust' indignation;"over*'the
crimes, disclosed at Los Angeles should
n6t.,statesmen-seek3 the cause of-the
outburst of violence? -Is there not; a
casual connection .between .the develop-'
ment. of those ,high, and? indomitable
trusts" and the homolefcrimes now
under,investigation?     Are not these'
irresistible trusts iiriportant'contributing factors'* of social unrest?   ' Is, it
notiirony. to.speak1 of equality of ^op-
7or^tunity > in* a country cursed?* with?
their,bigness?"    --   .   »*,'    <," y:
, '-This statemear   by,, Mr.* 'Brandies:
should and. doubtless, will, carry^niore
weight with the general public than^the
pagesNof; vilification .arid :slander-?of
the ^union-hating  element'\ and-" their
■venomous' organs of "publIcity.?*-.7Ahd
W-might. say further, 7 that' iri spite
of all this, vilification and" slander; organized labor in the .United "States and
\ Rates Slj50;and*up v:.
. *: _* , - i',ji>wa;«,'Ii.h;v , ,.iT:."-
,.. .^Hot.and,Cold;.Water",^7;
v \-,«EleetrrQ>'lLlghted_&v>*-? i$?<-Z
. t.Stmim-^HeaWd^i>; \5-47?
.   'Phone rIn-'every'*"'rojini'V- f1
.'■ • -- .' r <<"■ .    '*.-k.s" "ft"*.*t!
Sample Rooms on Main  7;
y .•,--■-■-Business.Street/- -i.'^'
.- - *.,, -
*■• i:i$*i\r? ','-., *; V.'' "ni-. fitwti-^' ^-**»-*"      t "_ _*_v !,-. sj4'*\*.  ,*
wi—■—^^—^l^"i—T*""^ ^^'.   --f<^        \$4.    "»
^Vv .*»^\y  -y   :\ •- *~   **,rt , A-'\/»I_i -^ w*?* ." t' '"7^
__» *    «^ . -» _    *    .   * ^     _a -*^V ...» 3 _.___-  f 1',t CiElhAX *   _  l  •     •"./■■" _
y Meal^ Tickets,-.. $6.00 ?%
- * v*.t *• '^ , *-..  .- --,
Special Rates by-the" week, and
•' the'month and to;,Xheatrlcar-par-7**J
' ties^Tryour.yyyyvyy.'<
-'• '-•',' - "-7,/ *. -• '.-y,**
Special .'Sunwy^
The" finest * of ".Wines,-,- Liquors '•
, and Cigars served by competent'
and obliging wine,clerk's., '*' 77
F>" C"? Lawe "-:,"-^"^s.s«,Al«t^*.Ki •?•■•»•»'_
VK"lK*7^"-7"7--#'-i;*; "'"
L ■ Hi7puYnam
- Hi.* Putnamy.^ v .yy?-, ,77
' .v ^'y^'S^^^-SJ^ytSi: y^y
..     ,L it'-!  ***.-."«'..Lin." V«»i .      ,-  '    r '-"-
..». .'■
"UaMda^wiir, |conlliiue^to./ go- forward
and fulfil its legitimate mission,.' securing '''justice * and fair ? plajr'-? for the
working men and women,. combating
tlie- evils of child labor,- the' "sweat-
shppyarid the other industrial ills'that
.-tie-people- are "afflicted' with.-'  ■     ,.
Arecont court decision ln the Crow's
NoBt Pass coal fields should teach tlio
the non-union minors to* como in out
of„ wet rind get; Into the organization which stands -between tho mine
owners nnd tho coal diggers as a defensive weapon.—R. P. Pcttlpleco.   -
; -The* investigation of .the-steel trust
lias-shown that 65 per cent o{ the eni-
ployes'receiye In** wages less^.thtinen-
"oiigh to secure the bare necessaries,of
life. Thev investigation likewise dis-
'closed that; the'steel-trust, ln'the last
ten years,| had trikeri .'$850,000,000' in
excess of liberal .profit, oa its investment. .' '    y< 7\      •'-,
' Tlie majority of" tlie; employes work
twelve hours per day,and an.'paid* at
the'.rate of 14* cents,per1 hour. -The
Asso'ciate'd Charities of; Pittsburg have
computedI'/the-'cbsVofJliving in the
"Smoky City" and declared that It requires $708 por annum to secure the,
average,family of'the laboring man
with a bare' existence,' Morgan,'the
King of Flrianco; iii America, has re-
ducod the workers of Pittsburg to such
a condition and yet, thls.Bamo pirate
has launched tho "Men and. Religion
Forward- Movement,', ln wjiicli minis-
.tors, and .''friends,of labor" are using
all their .'energies to blind the workers
to tho brutality, of Industrial tyrant...
1 ■    y '• - -'.7" -',•**-* •'' *  ?. ■*
. .     . .,        *. •    ,     1 ,.,   vs.
C i k sl p :. S tor ey
"       , '    , %    ,."..-       -■'•;- s     .
:•? " -">y 7iy-r--'   .^'", ^
Is Now ^p^ried
'-,'.-    . * t. - ,     - v?     Vi" c ' y,-
.-.-<'•'.,-      --    '     -   .'■'"• 7;-•
Clean, Cosy and;-very*
7; y - *" Inviting:7 £■••?£
jjust the place after^the"
;show or from the rink.v
• lJ ^_J *    v    *■
fFred. Armstwiff
" j'. *•'..-'■   " •- -s .-• '••"---';-*-
--.^ - ., , ^.,w      -J-.
% • y^... ,, Propnetor.^yy;y
.4* v
ri •• ,'-!'■,' ■"',' '   .*.,'*>
7?A:*,McDougall,-rMgp.? yy
'.*i,-'  - , > ■ ■%  -!*\ ":"'.• ■" '
Manufacturers of and. Deal-
-.-'■> ers in all kinds bf Rough,-'
' *" ';'"?-7 .':;.,VVf,v..-''
-7, and Dressed LumBer
Send usyoupoipders
- '    V     ''      '**   L l* * ,    ' 7      **    ' k   * t
■ v   7
•-7* 7 -,
■ -'  *.* ' -" ■ '■■■-< :■"    *'-*--=^_s__-
Bar .supplied with • the', best Wines,
i        '  ',."     •' *'   '. -"      - * ,•• , >■
ljiqitoi*s and .Cigars   ,\, -» ""
' CrobmiB was ,'tlio 'i'lclio'st man . In
nome. IIIb'total wonlth was CBtlmat.
od at tho equivalent of ,,$5,000,000 In
American money, 'He would hardly
bo counted a thlrd-rato millionaire today, whoro Rookfoiler's annual Incomo
alone Ib computed nt a down UmoB
the wholo- Ci'oobub fortune,' Kvory
three months Carneglo's profits amount to moro than nil of tho Oroosnn
wealth, and tho name Ib true of tho
Morgan, Ryan, Vnndorbllt, Astor nnd
other IncomoH,
In.fact, wealth Is pouring Inupontlio
rich,of Amorica so rnpltlly that tholr
most rockloBR oxlravagnnces fall fnr
short of dlBBlpating their annual, In--
Ohnrim) Schwab Bpont ovor f■1,000,*'
000 to build a mansion In Now York
thnt ho decllnod to llvo In when it
was finished,
Howard Uoulit built, u $1,000,000
country manulon that he seldom sees,
n $250,000 barn for IiIb cows and o.
$11.0,000 hon houso, with ft fenco
around both coBtlnt! $10 por foot,
Anna Gould iH mil it to have hart a
bed valu'od at $1,000,000, and MrB, Mac-
kay ls tho poBBcnHor of a bath thnt
cosl $50,000.
A society paper recently oBtlmatod
thnt there nro 0,000 women In Now
York nlono who annually «pend $10,000
or moro on their wardrobe, -
One woman lo known to have spent
over $2,700 a yonr on hor pet poodle.
Another has a house built for her dog,
a Queen Anne cottaRe, with carpets,
1'aoe curtains, etc., nnd tho pup oats
out of direr dlfihei and Id attondbd
bf a ilng ffoventegn,
(sO ItVL
' One of tho stock arguments in favor of the maintenance of protective
duties In Canada--particularly used,
by Mr.' a, II. "Barnard' nnd aomo of tho
Bntollltos of Hon. Richard Mqllrldo
during tho reciprocity cnrnpalBn—waB
with rospoct -to wages In tho United
Kingdom. Comparison was mndo .with
wagos pnld In Canada and tho United
StntoB, and the uninformed wago-oiiru*
or wbb nsltod to accept the word of'
lho BophlHtB that tho wago Bcinlo In
Croat Hrltnln afforded nn argument
against lowering* tho cost of living
by reducing tho tariff protection..
, Tho TimoB hns always maintained
that, any comparison instituted botweon oconomlc conditions In the Unl.-
od Kingdom nnd thoso on tho contlnont
j>f America was .unjust and, by so
much, mlBlondlng.' We have always
held that n Just comparison could bo
inndu only hctweon tirent Uritnin and
tho other Continental countries whore
protective tariffs are tho political policy of tho nation,      ,-,'•■
An Interesting set of figures has
just boon compiled by the London
County Council comparing the houro
of labor nnd wagos of n oortaln .iuuv
bor of tradoH in London, Paris, Ilerlln,
and DniBRolB, Each of tho throo latter, it will bo noted, ls a town, .pro-
teetod by a scientific tariff on the
lines of thnt BiijjgOBted by IjlrltUh Tariff Refonucru, The, mutiivlul \\\\i
boon ffathorod by tho Ixical Govornmont Commlttoo, of which Mr, Goof,
frey Drage, one of tho Ceoll family,
and a utrong Conservative,' Is chair,
man. Tho tradof dealt, wltb are brick-
Myern,, carpcutorB, iolocco, plumbcr».
Large Airy,.Rooms ;&\
. Good Board
Ross & Mackay IM
painters, laborors, turners, origlhoorfl',
fitters, BmlthB, pattoi'n-mnkorfl, bakers,
cublnet-makors,, uphoIstererB hnd 'gas
stokers (rotort houso hands). Practically without "exception tuo figures
show that wages In nil thoso .Indus-
fries'aro considerably lower Jn, \tho
chief continental cltlos thnn In London,
bricklayers,' for Instnnco, receiving
$ 10.011 for a week of 150 hours ln tho
lattor contro, and only -$0,-10 for a, week
of liVh hours In Ilerlln, and $0.33 for
a week of 00 hours In Pnrln. And
with It all Ih the fact that Groat Uritnin Ib sill] on top of an nlmoat unprecedented wavo os prosperity,
Wo think the'findings of this com-
mission, which was composed of members of throo polltrcnl parties, ostab:
lien tho contentions of this pnpor that
the coBt of llvlnnr Ib nnt, neoeRfirirllv
affected by high or loWwagos, We
think nlflo that It boars out our contention that—other things bolng equal
ast thoy are In, tho. countrAoB com,-
parod-nnprejudicod «ta(omon admit
that the high cost of living in dlrectlly
trnconble to tho effoct of high protco-
tlvb tariffs, Wo nre prepared to ad-
mlt that thoro Is only ono way In
whleh this bnsjo oeoi\omlc fnot enn
bo brought homo to tho convictions of
consumers, nnd that way Is to keep on
paying too much for living expetvaes
until tho private earning capacity1 of
tlio Individual iu overtaxed und ex«
hnustlon follow^, Then tbo crash Is
sure to como and the mtt mass of
the- people who permit themBelyef. to
he deluded hy the "Interests" will hayo
lo regret thnt they have been duped
too Jonir.—Vfcforla Dally Tlmco.
Nowhere,In the Piisesn be
found.In such a display of
We ' have the best' money
con buy of Beef,' Pork. Mutton, V««l, Poultry, gutter,
Egaif Fish, "Imperator Hams
and'Bacon" Usrd,   daumoeii,
Wslners and 8ausr Kraut,
Calgary -Cattle Go.
Phons 58
7 Bar Unexcelled/
--AttjWWte Help";;;
'.v  ■"' " y ,' " ' .-"•■••"-
v- Everything',;:,,
7- - ■>• i,        ' y ••
■0   _T-II« +«'J_J^*A'»..      '.
-.'„'*' ,-ivr-uu ««*«w ^' ')<. \   ,
',!■. *''•■"   \'-'    '""   '    '          "   "'
"*-."' ' ', ""   "•-''*,*' ,7*  -' ''"*',  ,.   ,-
7„ ,; Call in aiid .v?,
*,., • ■■,   .      *;i * ■.•■*..' ,<'
* .".3;;see.''us■■ once.,i;/;';■."
■ . ' 7,"   ' .   7y.y-;<. ..',: .,
t    *     L.
,'  _"-"••
Wholesale Liquor Dealer •
'».      •   '   ,-, .,,;. .     -'„  . •: ,"•''
 I I' ' . 11     'ft,
1 - ' I '1    '       ,   J -.    '
Dry Goods, Groceries, Bopts and-Shoes
•   'Gents' FurnUmlnM   •'  •
-it •        t-\   . r .     *   ».   , ,
 > U mw^iCW^W
baker; AVENUE,
I  ' , ,  1.     > I I .
Yciur OW Friend
0* llmlland bogs' io Inform hls'i -
oltl und riow -Ji'lcmda that ho ItiiN -
oponod up his Itarhor Ilusinefts
again ab the old aUnri (Queens ■.
1 Hotel) and hopes 11 to rH their
continued patrenago.	
G. Radland   Fernie
11111« iii.iiiIi_-iiiiiii.--Ii-iii.iiih-jiii mmvmmmm
Llisrd Local Central Teamsters No,
-141.  Moots overy Friday night at
8 p. m. MlnorB' Union Hall.  W.
' A Wor|.hIngton, Presldont} JD, -J.;
Good, Soorotnry,   ■      ■>•■       •    ■-],
Bartenders' Local No. 514. Moots *_nd>
. (ind 4th Sundays at 2,80 p.m. Secretary J, A. aouplll, Waldprf Hoto?   •
Gladstone Local No. 23H U. M. W. A,
Moots 2nd and 4th Thursday Minor*.
uu|f.i. na li,, Tiios,, Up-iiu, sec,   ,,   ,
Typographical Union No, SSSr   Moot* *
last Saturday, In each month at th*
UdBcr Office.. A. J, UucWey, 800-^
rotary,     ' "
Unci-I I'l.rnl* Nn. 1? B P pf C Mr^t*
in Minors Union Half every, Sunday
• at '-MS p.m. Everybody welcome. D.7
Paton, Secrotary-Trcasuror,
United Brotherhood of Carpentors anja.
Jolneri^rliociil 1250. D, J.,lB*ini,
Prosldont; P. 11, Shaw. Socretsry.'  ''
Wf   WJDPOWBONf, Atisysr and'
C^smlit, D^e..o lioi. K«l»->n. in.   C
vat, "-rBllver-14
ethtr mttaltt O
_.      .      . .nslms on applies
tlon. - tha tarwaat «n»tnm aaany ntm*
Char«Mi—Ofl1fl. Bilvar, i>«0 or Ooppar.
*"   «> 1       *■■■--— '   l
iavnatiU Flreelay. ansiyiM on applies*
„ -.-.    .""Pi "»•''■•', u»u or v/rtj>p«r.
fl ?**h. *  aold.Bllv.r, "-r-Bllver-Mtij,
it.lfl,.  Ert«P for othtr mttaltt OmL
In DHltth <.< ~r ■*»,'_.'-i>* Vf"-
Allow' :me -to -. welcome*
you'to this -Ninth"Annual.Convention as
7.*'fy ^y7Distrlct-18 was"?weli^'pi'ese-ited; """The Krsuz',Case^wa_f.under co'nsid-}?'*?
as- T^-vy eratlon, and it^was Mmanimousiy'* agreed to'a'sBistl in .'fighting; the y
case, whichis now?'befoVeJlfiej-Prlvy Councirof-Englaiid'.'   Again M^.-,?
Carter will be'able" to inform/the^ Convention to.what extent (ifvany) y
-t-ieyhave assisted us!? 4?*'"' " ■•..-. .     *
ywe7.are dealing wkha man who"-lias kept in close touch with .the
i.labor. movement for a number of years,,he "may'have been voicing,what
7was his honest,opinion.- In-breaking off negotiations,-the Executive
" believed .that by showing a solid front we could force "a better agreement- fromi- the operators than, that offered, and  so advised our
>17 77'7,-,'yj.*eyents;hay^fi I; with the'rest^of th4i;iiLinCTS;ia this district, toe very nature ' 7 "y"'-members.*a     .     : - 3
!.;_   yiy77,^__ich-,__^^ *""        '* "'      ' — ----'•-  -. ^- . .        - ■   .*•-■■
■ our calling, feel'that the?Sifton Government is* doing the right thing
7 ^whenCvisiting' otfr. pistrictj/added?' credit/ and "prestige *^to • the'"United yv ---'.'" 0y spending a large 'pun. of money in establishing Life Saving Stations * "■
r7-l, ?^7'Vj---£Mlne;. Workers .pf-America; by?? the splendid mannerj_i?w-iic__,'it-had; 7* '"""' '" "" "—'     '  --■'■"-'* "■'■"    -"-"-       .......     .-   .    _  . -.
Ik:-'. S -iv^^-l^-yH-y-: 7_cy- yl SS^lvTySSy^yyi:^,
'" ~   " -""-"''■*■ 7.-.y._'*ysttxike*~.yhic_£^ most-peaceful7"?
■-: in 'the-history7of"industrial "labor•tfoubles"ln.itfi_si-"coi-ht_,y.'--":To be7-•
sure "the-Riot Act -was -read-in.'jS^ernie,' and =mainy-mounted'and^fo'ot'" .
-..?."** '■ p'ollcVihurrle'd*into;the town7;.','By/whom,.of* what?theyrwere?.brbught
y/_7'here"fori'do ribt-'know.! v..- .'y . "* -.7 7-7yyy. \ 7777,y'"?-,'
.-:> " "?.With reference to the so-called' riots,, arising out,of;the employment"
7*' -of-certain ~ persons;? in .the Coal Creek"'m|nes during^the cessatlota":of  "
;>,?*y_abor„ the firsV.'case^was'.that'of Brother Sweeney, who~,was convicted" .
y1    ?and sentenced-to one**month's Imprisonment" ih Nelson Jail, but against--.,y
v"-, * whom," In '.iho. oplnlon^of our legal- adviser, there .was no evidence to; * ,
• ■■    '-support the conviction.;i.     ,.'■'.-• *'\  ,7   •-, 7'^-.-. 777'y ";7-i '.
.^   -'?■• The next case "was-"Lynn, andj.his' brother,, James Owen; in 'all "of)   ,
77..,these" cases' the, accused,were committed for, trial,'-in each'^case?except
7 V Lynn.-7 Tho*.judge'"co"rivicted7the aecused.'but, let them. outjTon sus-,
yS pended sentencey^In^thejcase?of James Lynn an.alibi was.estab-'?-7
?~7" -,--. llshed.;-7Alt6gether;Kthe Ferrile; so-called riots resulted -in ho^punish-' *-
- *
iu'the Province' of/Alberta, vlpearn that" there is to be' a station at7
7^-7 NB?airmore-- one"Inrth^jr-ethl)ridge District? one'on-the main line,-a_.d"
y     one in'theEdmontonjDlstrlct^.y"'      --,       7 .- -- r    , --.     '
r.with the" restjofjyouy note ??in the newspapers, that there is to be
..'a commission on" mining conditions in AlbVrta, that was, I understand,
promised by Sifton to -our,-sitting member,,C.M.* O'Brien, ^vho 1 tlink
deserves our hearty thanks for the persistent manner in which he has',
fought for the.miners in?.the.'House'at Edmonton.
,   I hope the'-JFortnightiy. Pay Bill that Mr. O'Brien has in hand" will-
become law.'  'I am sure,*?lt;wlll-be a .welcome-bill, not only tO'-j/lie*
workmen of this province, but also to the business men.   - It will help
to rid tlie country of that hateful credit system, that canker of society,
and that .the petitions'^hich^have^b'eensigned so extensively in' this
'neighborhood will get, the attention a petition'of the people should
command.y ,. yy .%:y  y'.'v   7" '   * y,'        ',     -   ..    :
- In conclusion,-1 desire to say-a word on behalf of'the International
, Organization. . It-will be remembered-that at0the,Convention,held In „
-"-''v-** \',nient except-Sweeney: ■■
».*-"« " .... In l..lchel-, there "wer^
were-many prosecutions under the^,criminal.code,.- *.'
-.'.'   including' SecretaryTMaurlc'e Burrell' Ignase'Chala, Joe; Littler;, ThosV?'
7 .ColquhonrLu'skli^'.Chullk,'. Tgin-7Taylor, :,W.^Porter,-.these were..trled- *■'
7. cand-uiiimissed.-in October.,'  "?'.y ,* ,"'* ';\7S7S   " ''•<,' 7'/'7 '?»?"?/ .
\ ' y On November 6th,';Internatl6naljBoard?'^EIect T. Harries, was y
7 'sentenced-, to ,orie months' imprisonment for assault,
-, ytiink'you will'agree with methatthe reading of the"'
■ 7"case of.'i'Much'Ado' About_ Nothing/^ aiiioe ..there "was
7, which a"? conviction, was, established? '.This is "a brief
reconventionj?of-; the'c'ases^tbat^'came^under^my* notice iiiuBritish"
-.-..Cblumbia. r-, 7 .? ^y^yS'Sy !iV-', •.-"*  X?* ,':7<,>■."'". ■"   ''?."" "7
■7'y. In'Alberta,"Sub-Divis.on Np.*"2, we'thad a number of .cases "during the
'.,"- ;>-.month of August?^- The first on'the list is Robert.Evans'.'better'k'nown-
-.;■-':,''a8^"FIghting^Bob,*,»who"1wM editor-^of othe^yy
*.'"'T>.-Blairmore:'EnterDrise: (Mil'Barrett) :a'rid,.Eot, fined- $5.00"and'*,c6sts7^■"**
.," "-"Columbus,'-.1911, the"Convention pledged itself to s'upport'their Canadian
7- .brothers in" District-18..*   We? tlie Canadian brothers,' know*'full?well '■
*""-.-";  how. faithfully they .carried that pledge into effect, both morally! and
"\ .^ financially. ;,'Morally;by the fact^that Jnternational.President*';J.- P.7
;.? ,  White.'.Vice-Pre'sIdent' Hayes,'-'and'?-;the' International,,Secretary,. Mr.
y,.   Edwin-Perry, the International Board?Members aiid organizers, came '
...    ■•• among-us.and helpedlus'b-y;'their, presence and their .counsel. '' }"'}
y*Gentiemen,r I"-'-' 7-., - '."Wishing;you a succesf_ful Convention,7'     *  -',"  ;• '   ■■.. 7 f»7
Riot.Act was*a --.y.?_   •„   ;„y   *'?•■   f     "-"77'-*-'.I-am'ryouri_'fraternally,;':?-  '     ''")•'*?
conly.,Jone,case.-". ;.y. "■ ySy   ~-y '*•     y >-• ■ ._-.;  >-" f""7"y (Signed)' W. B. POWELL
3f report? to tHe -I ,-y'" .."■•■.' y\yy , a-ona^. ■   fy ;,Vjv-^e'   ••''.,. 7    ,. ;"..-•.'
Barrett) :a'nd,, fined - $5.00 and;,costs
-„ .- -.--**;- REPORT.-OF -VIC&PRESIDENT.y ..,*,.. ■
' ..-'^ herewith-submit to, you,>nd "through" you to "the* "njembers of*our
.-^organization.'my, repoH'as District" Vice-President. ' :S y" ^.,'„
, /-?.While.recognizing t_Tat-%it Is not"customary for one"in my office to'
'(. ^"malfe'generarrecommendatlons relative tq'the.'affairs-atfd policy of the
-.-organization, I think?I.may, at this-time;* be justified in overlooking
that* particular custoin."
,"for using insulting a' mari-who was scabbing in the mines:- ,
pry   '.,- ";'-' August 24th;Matthew Green.brought a"charge<of.Violence"•_a'gainst"*
:   ?,'. -      '-Peter Macani.vwho was-found guilty and fined $15.00 and $9.5Q costs;  *
-, „,.   V   .The same, Matthew-Green brought a charge'against one Louis Boldi-
* 7,_ vino for 'alleged -Iritimidatiori, '- Baldivino was commltted7 and.'hls
■y,   ' y.7.: trial came up at Macieod sitting of the Supreme'Court in_,Octob'er. •;*
.7 --., Here the judge irititbated that should he flnd-Boldivinb guilty he" would
'-' 7-7 ... 7-be,7Inclined,-to 'give him'suspended sentence?-'7WIth.this" intimation
7 ;,. ~S7:7 thedefendants'-rested their case;?arid, the judge gave sus*pended sen- .
? "~S- '-'a ,'tence." -1"1 consider' grea? injustice done in ■ connectioujiwlth" this case
"-y- .. 7-7-. in: .Bpldiylnp being committed," for ."trial,; instead?of_ being remanded. *
<■?-' ^ *"?;■; ^"Had, he been-remanded, the" judge, could'then' and.thiere h"ave,7given^
dentin the Blairmore Mine, he would have been prosecuted-for; per-
".",**-1-*, *--.   i-*^'(,_"*-   *-. ,^---1^-1. - . ; ^    .     ,yn,_.-    ,T --,    ,. ,   -, -  j-1,.   ?'('r.->,'. -,c,*- xt      , ;
' r<i.:'-\ ."■ *- ■'.-Inrv-hv i>rmn"Eol.' '  ■-•"■'   - ■   ■"-■•■ ■■ ?*" i;-v ' >'      -',;. '--.":■-.   -.-. V- -*!   .V.,'.".." ■
'-,.Onl'October, 6th? • Robert '.Evans\brought^a "charge*^against; Charles
.Chestnut*, (pit'boTss)"- for ■rassiault.-i7Cliestnut,- instead-, of "being-com--,
wbrking.77. Evans was fined 'and'on. the .'same .day',. 7,
""■ miade" a'counter. charge against Goddard.   "Goddard'-ploadedguilty and'**'"-
. was fined'$2.00 aiid?costs. ■' ., . '     '..,•"'-.''       •   • -     "*    7 ' ' > '  7•;.-.'
• -, After tho'strlke.we had Beveral cases ih.Frank.betwwn tho'men and' ,.'v
•  the mine" offlcIais77'Th'e men were taken" before the, magistrate and 7 ■'■
"-"'fined'.   ,-In Bellevue several cases -were"tried, but' none of great imp'or-  ■■ *'
Stance. '.   "' -,. ? *., ''y'',",'"' . yy'-       '      ''   ',/     '   ■'  '   .';-'
;   '. Duririg'the month of September at Burmls hired ■',  •
meri'to,.conie-dowri,and'work'ih,tho-,mlnes, paying their fare froroy'-
\ Calgary.^; = Aftor? the men .arrived"at Burmls the union men persuaded y  -
"'these fellows to'join them, and not go to work. " The company swore' * •
- .out-Information against these men and undertook to try and collect? 7'
ytiielr, wages.'' Tho cases'; were .brought" on at barracks, Bolle-.,,'
•" vUo7- Thocasos, however, "were drbpiied, no doubt on account of tho'.- .<,'
''fact that they know,-it would bo.useless when the case was ,being",7
", fought? by the; unlonv . - .'" ' 7   ,y  ■ .-.y.S"" •   v .'   :,"   .   .  '*'"   •
?•''7'" l'""'; yy;'- ;-''-. Vy'' ";; \  ' Finance      .- \J.'. .'•' _ 7 ;  , ,      -•• ,_.," _. ,.'
', ?* Gentlemen,1 to. my mind tho'moBt Important work forus this year 7 ,
. .muBt bo the devising ot ways and moans for paying,our debts, con-
> tractod'by ub during" the strike,'* every cent'of'which-was spent in tho~'
' interest of thb mo;>j_borB of thls\orgnnIzatlon, and^tho extent of which"
will bo found In Secretary Carter's report.'* '  '• \ ■ 7,.
I'wish to call the convention's attention to tho district's roBpoii-I.
- blllty-—ro the $26,000.00 borrowed by the Gladstone Local from District
"„Nb. 10, Washington, whereby they wore able to pay-off the'outstand-
7 in'., debt-they, had with tholr employer tho Crow's NoBt Pass Coal
-Company Limited, and*paid tho $17,000.00 thoy owed District 18, for
tux and'assessment,    Tho credit for negotiating'this loan is, duo to-
International Board Member C. Qarnbr and International Board Mem* >
berT. W. Russbll of District No. 10, Wiashlngton.      -        7   y
• * ^ "       ti
,   ' y .*■ Orflanlratlon '"'. '
'• The next question of groat Importanco Is organization ob a.natural
y r'osult of this'long struggle, .There In a groat deal ot discontent and
'' fault-finding in the District sluce tho wishes and anticipations of.the ■
- inon woro* not ronllzod.    It should bo borne In mind, howovor, that our
ambition was to win-and on'all "questions of Importance tho mejh'a
■ wlshoa woro consulted In'tho most.dcmocrallco manner,   To my mind'
it. Is unmanly to cryk ovor sptllod milk, and I cannot look upon the,  ,
doclslon as final.    In this long strugglo trado wob disorganized In
this country, and as a result thoro aro hundreds of men idlo who can*'
not got work.
A caso In point Is Michel, which used to employ on an avorago nlno
hundred men today employs a llttlo"over throo hundred, To tlio,best
of my knowlodgo? and I havo endeavored to ascertain tho facts, thero  '
- U no hopo of tho mines bolng rc-oponod In Mlchol until tho Crow's
' Neat Pass Coal Company can-soil an much again of coal as thoy aro
now Rolling.    It cannot bo said thnt* tho othor mlnos In District 18
,, did not re-oron, but wo are safe to nny none of thorn work full time,
or anything llko It, and thb reason th*o operators glvo that thoro aro
no cars and wo orders. ,
Tbo Labor Qaietto fpr Doioomber has a roport bf our?ngroomcnt In
-full.  In that ntimbor it ia also stated that thoro was a million ton** of
coal Imported Into Canada froo ot custom's duty during tho strike.
Men whp should know say It la moro llko throo million tons Imported,
It,does not require a Boer or a prophet to soo how.that nffoctn   tho -
- coal market.,   Ono woritors how much, moro would havo been lm-
«*,.,....Ji i,n.*j 'n,„*,'».,., »  "   »:»".i  m        i,  .   '      tf.'.  ;  ii   "
inf.. 1 know .hew. •wi.Ir" n \t\vt\*. rItIVp nnd tiriw vitih, the Tfilnrn nnly pnrt
operating, hundreds of men nro Idto, and I am ■Sorry to sny It Is qulto
' „ ponlhlo that groat numlMra of these men will not find it an easy task
to got work as minora In District 18. 'That moan* thnt thoso mun
must bo suppo'rtod or helped out of tho District, and that moans lota    '
Of •mwmj*'        Ttw>P/* MWi   ni-r» nnt ynnlfrtlf   n„»   j*«*  o..f.  *Vifti»  {.n   •Ij.lVrt,
Tlioy aro unemployed.    Honco my 4urn<ts«l appeal for your serious
i) conslderrtlon and cooperation.. .
I wish to t-tato to this Convention that I consldor tho preion^ mothod
of appointing delegates lo tho various conventions, very untatisfac-
. y tory, and would nuggeat that initiwd of tho District Exccullvo Board
appointing tho diMgatoa from among themselves aa la dono at present,
thoy be appointed at thia Annual Convention, which would bo in Uno
with tho tnethoda of tho International Convention. ' By electing your '
delegates from thia Convention you allow tho honor* and Ihe «ducatlon
that la derived from attendance at ctjlnventlot. 'to go round, and thero.
aro quite a number of Conventions at which we should bo represented.
Trad*-and Labor* Cengrttt     ** * ,
Tbo Trado and Labor Congraaa of Canada waa bold in Calgary.
September 11th to tha l*tb, tncloafvaly. 1911.    Al that Convention.
being shown a desire to find some, satisfactory solution for the problems
that:c',   It is claimed by many,' and-1,may vsay that without1-',"
?, a* clear understanding of the forces at work there are .some grounds on'.  :
ywhich"to base the claim, that the United'Miiie..Workers have allowed'.'" "
''     conditions'to. continue "getting .worse in this'.District instead of im-"'/
'^ 7_ proving* them..7\ While .we recognize that in many-instances conditions
7- ha,ve becomeI.worse"from our standpoint,-we*must'"also understar'd" "7
".* that tbis is because ,we„have been unable to'offsetjthis tendency.   In^   '
.- -y all our'stru_.gles;vthe outcome depends on power,to enforce our desires, 7 '
. ,' and;when this*is* lacking we fail in our purporse'.y:?lBi this connection'--'
,„ I may point, to .those who remain .outside our- organization, and while
.. criticising jour, efforts, are by their own a"ction .{weakening the organ!-?
zation ot. their own class and adding to'the strength of the employers. 7'"
7 '/In-dealiiigcwith my work during the pasfyear/ltis almost needless"   *
7,to-draw your'.attention to.'th'e.fact that 'for; thVgreater part of-that" •"
..^"^^^^-V^Saged-ih^an attemptl'to^get an?; agreement with ■the"J
OperatorsVAssociation, by; negotiations for^ same;.,and also in carrying /-\*
, .   was carried" "on under the .direct' ins.ruc'tions'-and',-supe. vision of the ,' '
- ' District Executive".Board,'"bf'the:fact*:-that ourf members 'i'S
y ' are familiar..with...most of-■.the details;in,connection, with it,.I have "
-.';.deal.wU__"?.the.matteAin a.genbrai;,"rather-than a personal-"-"
.'   . y?y.V "Jn-connection with the investigation?'thatWas carried on-under - "
,   ,the" provisions "of the "Industrial. Disputes ^Investigation Act,". - the
■  reasons for .which.have already been discussed by" special convention
•   and also at* numerous-meetings bf,our*Jlocal's,"one feature carrie out
.      that is well worthy of attention.    While- we placed "beforo the board ..
,'   all the human evidence that was necessary to provo our contentions,     -
'-   the decision finally rested upon the"'statistics provided'by the opera-"
,      tors, rind-In spite of iho fact that'in some'" few instances we, were,
.able to cast serious doubts uponttheir reliability as evidence, wo had'
- no,opportunity"of.challenging the greater'portion of theso documents,
.    tho lack of essential information'being: a-.serious, drawback   to   our
y efforts."   Wo have been trying for" some-'years to obtain definlto information of average wages through the pay. statements of our mo'm-
' .bers, but it appears ,o be .an.'impossfblilty' to get our ...ember's \o
" , realizo-the importance of this, and, In manyyinstanccs thoy refuso to
, „glyo these statomonts to ib'caTsecrotarlos,' and" in practically nil cases
they,are supremely Indifferent.,, The lmp'drtahce of obtaining definlto
, ' statistical information to.aid ub in/bur? struggles cannot* bo overestl-
. mated, and a means to that ^ond.should be considered by this conven-
' u"on.'..., .        y. y 'y    ',' ." v
,  y        ■' Commission for Coal'Mines Act'In Alberta    "'.    ..
- While ln Edmonton during"the latte^ part of Novombor nnd early In
December, In company with C. M. O'Brien, M.L.A., I Intorvlowod Pro-"
mlor Sifton ro nmondmontB to the "Coal Mines Regulation Act" and
' drew his attention to tho fnct'that'ho had promised in December, 1010,
.   to appoint1 a commission* to go Into tho mattor. , Ills reason for not
„   having done.this was that tho mines wero idle, and bo deemed It unwise to have any commission dealing with this mnttor, tho whllo such
feollng existed sb was ongondered'by the strike.    IIo renewed his
i promise and stated that tho commission would be appointed at' tho
close of tho present session,   "Further rcforonco to this will'bo found
'  ln the question nsked tho government by C. M. O'Brien,' M.L.A., ro
tho Bollovuo dlBnstor.' (Published ln another'column of this.Issue.)'
The International Convention ' .-
During last month I nttondod the International Convention undor instructions from our lOxeouttvo Board, and a Joint roport covorlng this
has boon prepared by Secretary Carter and myself.
The Strike
' In touching upon the strlko I havo repealed somo,things that havo no
doubt boon said many times boforo, but this Is done with tho ldoa of
' keoplng the roport elenr, and leaving ub little to bo surmised oe possible, Mooting tho operators In Calgary, wo found ourselves oppnsod
by n very different organization from that of two ye:xra provloubly,
tho Crow's Nost Pass Conl Co., tho largest coal producing compnny In
tho district, having ng'aln Joined tho Western Conl Operators* ABBOda-
tloii, aiid thb Diamond, Chinook, Canadian Coal Connolidntod nnd Corbln Coal Companies also having bocomo mombcrs. Tbo oBBOclntlon
, at this tlmo ombracod, wllh tho excoptlon of the Cannda Went and Mc-
GIIHvray Crook companies, nil tho Important coal companies In tho
In spite of the sovoro weather, which had forced tho C, P. R. t|.
draw atrongly upon their rosorvoB of coal, they had at tho ond of
March, fully throo months' supply on hnnd, though this was far short
of their previous calculations', and there'Is no doubt that this, In Itself
had a groat'Influonco on the odious of the opornloi'H nt thnt tlmo. Tlio
bbnp ot contention during tho wholo of tho conference, so far as tho
t*t>v.i»tu.» Mu.u uiiii.niiiv», ^1 o»o out oi ifHumcivuii, una .u Dime ut me
fjic) „u,_' cxiWMivil vu'i' iiJ33..Ji'.,.fw lo Milium- '.._' suiiio uiins,i,t-
ments as woro operative during tho two years previous, wo never succeeded in moving them from the poiltion they had at first taken, i. t>:.
that of insisting that only thono nrrnngomonts that hnd applied'fn tho
case of tho W, C. O. A. should bo continued, nnd that wo nmat rolln^ 1      '   r  .. (. , .1*1. • .
-I".-*.-, w-*^   ^i.w-w.  4...AU|S,i_hi^.b-^_, -Its; ku4..   U4-41.  bw-,i_  w.*^^_ i.t_u_.y-_.h««vd,  _*fa_s)
wore not members of the association prior to that tlmo. 1 do not wish
It to bo understood by thia thnt tho check-off was the only Issue the
tbe operatora had In vlow. hut having In mind, no doubt, that wo would
> refuse to mako any concessions In this regard without knowing what
waa going to be tholr position on tho wage quoillon, thoy uned thin to
force tbo Issue. The conference had not proxreaied far beforo wo
realised that tlie operatora were trying to force a break and to avoid
any responsibility lor »nr*h arllon. although at thia point *o cannftt mi-
' tlreljr overlook the statorotnt of Mr. Stockett, -who, after tho conference
had"" finally broken off, aald that "If the operatora had conceded all
tb* points ral.ed by tho miners thero would havo been * -strike .any.
way." and while wo "believe that tbla waa only done by way Of excusing
themsalvM. wo taoti tt tbo fame time admit that. In vlaw of air tbe
facta fa connection wltb tho same, and realitlng tbat In Mr. Stockett
■ :•" The "manner in which the strike was conducted is well known to you'
,,all, and?needs,little'comment*here.- " In passing; however', I may say-
-' -that you'r-Executive used every means, within"it's power to bring about
._, an-hondrable-'settleinent, and conducted your affairs to the best of
!*. their "ability ;~y It may be that some members did not at all times too -
readily,<endqrse.pur actions, but "this.latter can' only be taken as a
--**" healthy "indication that most of our membersdo a large portion of their
own thinking?     Following the inauguration of the strike, the Canada    '
-West and McGillivray Creek Companies,joined'the association, thus
-_   placing it in control of all the mines in the district with the exception
* "   of the small lignite mines in the Lethbridge and Taber .field.*     "'
:*   -,-At the?end of seven months the operators succeeded ih shipping coal    -
""      from five but of the'.twentyrone mines affected, but only to the extent
.'of about 600 tons,"* where the normal output 'was ""in the* vicinity of
X'14,000 -9ns,-nnd this in spile of the fact "that they had used every avail-
7'    able means to get-the men to return to work.    The number of deser-
,. tions from our ranks were, considering1 tlie circumstances, very slight, ,.
;.    and the men who had not been members of our organization, and who
" •   aided the operators by playing traitor to their own class, were not to
y    bo considered too seriously either'as to quality or quantity.     It must'
'"  'be'conceded that the unrest in political circles tended to oiir advantage,
","•';,   as it-is not-hard to conceive under other circumstances that the Go-    '
i V vernment would have readily consented to go much further J:han they
., . -" did in carrying but their historic function of resisting all attempts of '
■ '.  tire workers to make their conditions a little more tolerable.   From the
"    - statement made by'Mr.J.Vhitesides to. the Boards of Trade delegates at
"' , Macieod that "The mines,>vill operate, but we "desire to know-first when
we will beout of the hands ot the Department of Labor," it was clearly
apparent that they were trying to'for'ce tlie government to promise mili-"
.   tary protection, • or tb allow them to" have practically a free hand in tho
policing of their' properties, and bad as. the conditions'were in this
respect, we'tcan readily understand, by* considering what has happened
In this respect* in other parts of the Dominion, that bur position may
have'been'much ..worse.     The eviction proceedings, distraints; Injiinc-
?tio?sl.?c!-!0.!?Svfor7damaSes and arrests for unlawful picketing, which
-, wire used7.against us in the latter part of„the struggle are weapons
...-.that are;used against the workers of all -countries, and I will deal with"1
'' 7  these more fully apart from this report. .     ' 7      "
- ,:,':   Touching upon the assistance" rendered- by the International organi- ■
- •   zation,"we cannot but appreciate their efforts on our behalf,."the more.
-■.   fcb when we consider the position'of the great majority of the member-
'-'".,' s,hlp, who"were being continually assessed while suffering under ad-,
.'"-,7 verse trade, conditions.   ' .-...""'■
•."-.".■.^n'vlew ofthese facrs. and in vi^w-of the final setilement arrived 'at,
\3;: this. Convention should make it its duty to examine carefully the gene-
?   ...rarpolicy of the organization, the world labor, movement "and
7:7 ganization of the' opposing forces, and at least try to formulate somo
y -'."--policy that'"may conform to the new requirements and produce? more
.'- " [satisfactory results.    The strike has always been guarded as themost
,,-'powerful'weapon of organized labor* but-its efficiency has long been
1 " ; doubted'bV recognized leaders among the workers,- and our own con-
-""■    stitution7advises that it be used only as a last'resort. "' On the other
y,: hand'we'have had sufficient experience of settlements bj^ arbitration-
„7 thatYwe^cannot freely enter into such arrangements...' The"experience'
77 of, our^Australian brothers in that much heralded" paradise of the work-
y ers, and the decision of the more powerful of their organizations to
X^'-withdrawytheir registrations after a fifteen years," trial "of "settlements'   *'
*"' tiv arhitratlhn-'>i_1f1 -in- itcolf_Tia^ciiffinloni-_ onCn,^(n_..„ ,.~.u_- :—	
.— —   ..^    ~ ."".   ZZ 1— .~ ^"~—' r-"'^-*-—-*■"- mm»._v*v_»»— m„0 nvi—l\--c.lljr—» IIU-IIIU.' "
-7'->ave-leanings in that direction'as a solution bf the problem. ' In deal-
'   y'irig" withy the strike as a weapon/it must be conceded that with the ,
^"^centralization. .of the ownership of the means of production,' its use-   '
- -,:.fulness is becoming more limited.    In'the early, days of labor'organi- ■
'"■    zatiohs,'when the workers' connected with any industry dijalt directly
— , with; the" owner's, who were 'generally at the samo time managers or
>(      actiyetworkers, themselves, the strike proved such a powerful weapon
• ■     that.they, .the masters, quickly sought protection by legislative onact-
,' ments; "p>ominen'tamog which were the laws against combinations of
'.    "workmen which resulted in numbers of workers being exiled from
'   Great Britain.   -These conditions have,'however, been changed by the
, greater concentration of capital nnd the more thorough organization of
Industry.-"In our own'lndustry we find'the mlnos closely allied with
'   tho^aUronds, in most cases being-absolutely controlled by them, and '
tho workers in both cases, while being brought Into conflict with the
Bnrae* organization of capital, nre widely separated by tholr own craft
divisions,   '"Not only is this true, but tho workors In our own crnft nro
• used.sectlonally against each other by tho snmo financial Interests,
and it cannot bo said that our methods have changed very materially,
tor,.to.our own advantage, In keoplng with tho changes In economic
'conditions generally.    I renllzo thnt a great number of our members
dro unalterably opposed to sectional strike-, and desire a "much closer
. affiliation of all workers, than Is afforded by our -present orgnnlzn-
n t|- tions, not only ls this to bo desired, but tt Is forcing Itsolf upon us cb a
.matter of necesBity If wo nro lo derive any- measure of protection
from.organization,     Not only Is this being brought forcibly to tho
minds of tho mombors of our organization, but may othors aro sharing these Ideas.    What, Is required iB.Bomo policy by which such organization enn bo effected without ln the process weakening our ranks,
and somo policy to this end may bo laid down, not forgetting thnt wo
must at the same tlmo keep In line with the policies adopted by our
International Organization.
The   Bellevue   Disaster
I am promplcd to refer to this again for tho following reasons:
1."That tho report of Mr. Joseph O. S. Hudson, who'was Instructed
• to attend the enquiry on behalf ,of tho Dominion Government, contains
. a theory lu connocllon with samo that is more In conformity with the
• evidence than was tho verdict ot the jury which was based on tho
theory of Mr, Jas.,Ashworth; nnd
2. BocniiHo this hnn given rise to nn nttnek through the r-i.lumnn of
tho '{Canadian Mining Journal" by Mr, Coulthard, who wna until recently genornl manager of tlio West Canadian Collieries, which nlso
Includes a puorllo attempt to discredit tho efforts of our members, an
woll ns the efforts of tho M.I..A. for the Hocky Mountnln Hiding, to
obtain legislation for tho protection of tho lives of thoso who work ln
' tho'mlnoB, iib woll oh tho propor porformnnro of their duties on the
pnrt ot tho mincH innpectors; and
3,- Bocnuso It has given ride to a sorlos of questions being naked
In th'6 LoglHlntlvo Aauornbly by C, M. O'firlen, M.I..A.
It will bo remembered Hint tho verdict of the jury wna to Hie effort
thnt'thirty of tho mun wore killed by cnrhon-monoxldo poisoning, and
ono by a combination of cnrbon-monoxlilo nnd fractured skull, caused
by perciiBBlon of nlr which wns causod by u envo of*rock over chutea
, numbers 70 and 78. Mr. Hudxon. aftor discussing tho evidence brounht
out at tho enquiry, nn well .i*. other evidence he was able to K,.iht-r,
makes tho following statement:
"Tho theory that 1 would suggest aa being tho probablo chum, of
tho dlsnfltor la ns follows: It Is known that n very large rnvo-ln or
rork from tho roof ocenrrod In the vicinity of 70 to 78 chuto*. The
grinding of lho rocks nn thoy fell, emitted apnrks nf n high «»»m-
poraturo,    Tho hont generated by tho friction and concuimlon of
,.„,!.„ ,.„,.,.. it ,,.,,, i,, r ,i   '  , i i , i.i ,
thnt It would T<vpilrr- only n ttpnrk of fn*mp«Tn.lvf-V" 'ov; thcrmnl"(n
tenslt'y to reneh tho Ignition point of a small volume of hot <«xj.1o-
slvo gas, That tho de.cctlvo state of ventilation In tho old worktnKft
was favorablo to explosive conditions was mnnlfeit. for the w>nM-
latlon waa by scnlos of nlr through tho hoard sloppln'1.1 on the main
O-ntHTWHV   find  r\f\l In' dlr/i^t  r*llrrntif   -hfino^ 1I>a ».1» pin. tr,  ^   „li<„f.Ul,
condltlou, consequently when tho explosion occurred, would give out
a large volume of carbon monoxide gaa without n large demonstration of oxploslvo forco.    The force of tho oxploslon travelled along
tho upper section of tho workings, killing the four men working at
tho top of Noa, f>2 and fil. chutes; and tho voiumo of carbon monovido
bolng forced down on the main gangway by the blowing out of the .
nlr atopplnga evidently cauaed tho death, by carbon monoxide poison-
Ing, ef the men who were on the'main gangway."
If tbta deduction from the evidence as submitted at Uu» Inquctt Ir
correct, then tho finding of a coroner'a jury, that tbe 31 deaths wtre
Vtuted by a.cave* in of rock" U mardfeaUy tpwu, and to tbla Mr.
Coulthard ireptlos:   "In regard to Mr. Hudson's theory a» lo tbe pro-
{Continued on page 10)
Hair Dressing
Pool.   ,
Cigars.. !,
Tobaccos,    ;.
1 * -    * -  ■ *,
Bowling Alley
Drop! n
' *i*^
H 0 T E, L
' ■.  BELLEVUE, Alberta
Meals that tasteilike' -
.mother used to cook *
Best in the Pass
William  Evans, Proprietor
Liquor Co. •
1 -
* Wholesale Dealers in.
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
yj, H. Murr  - Prop.
AuRimt licbel, tlio U'K'.nn Koflati«t
leader, la r<.itoiU>d to lio n> rioudy ill
Electric Restorer for Men
Pftof nhortOl r«*im* ..'.fii-ii. t» IMi btxif
■ ",y*TK.'.l"."..'.»Ut ptttjwr ltfttkMi:rHiotu
-.numi.rrtv-Jj. iTwrmiifxlfifif *i'4All .Mtinl
mnkuriHi •v*rtf4 nt wirt,   V1iMph«««it will
Per tala at ll*ii_ftli'i Dfw« St«#«
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' -    - ... -                                 ...          '•(•,'                           '                                                          h   i -   . *-         ..•--,>'   ..',., $ -    "* ,    "                    . - o           ,          '            J-Tf..;--, -. •■-                             ,          :^f    „--■  ' >s*^-  ■.■»"■    - c. - ,i_, -   ;.    -    •'--- >  , :.   *• •
7 y7 7 PAGE TEN                 ,  . ,,    '                         "          -             , THEI DISTRICT LEDGER,-FERNIE/B. 0. FEBRU^Y 24, 1912. y ,;' >J y.,y yy;] ;!^\yt 7.7.;*' y*'",-
STmst.^Officers' Wtmial Ms^sM^V^"'^^'
.-'     - *            ■. "■.            .                                         ■                ii    -..'     ,-   ^^   ,■                   - ,       -',./       '.I...-    ,-,- v*     .   .             ,,     .-,'-;    -_*       .,        v 'j ,-*;,?-. .- .     ^   ,       •           •■'"■'.   „     ( )     7 !-.'t ■ .,. -i^'1-.     v'-Iv'   -.   '•-
, .'   y.'^'j-   '''S       . -      •      (Continued from page 9)..*   S'".'^'..'^   %: -     '      '    ' ,'y?'';'.-'y'.' "   ' .";   Vinanc*    '   .y' """"'Tyc   ., _     ;-77y-J yV, J Jy'/Balance in-hand'No^^^                                                                       '-:y,7
:   ' -''y ■ "bable cause of the disaster. I have nothing t,p say?    He is welcome to   ■. ,    , r haYe fo report that our "financial position throughout the prolonged ^,-'.'"-'  Le3S. ^h««u«<'curwn0>/^:-;i";";";,-: 7 V.viV-' ^' 103.90%! * ' 7 -   "-- -'
it,as are others to theirs.     It is. however, the product of very hasty . .    -fight waS such that, at jariou^ times caused your;l.__ec"utive mucfr^l''..      -                     \ ^W^-^0$\.S -' \ •' S "yS  7^ V'^yf'Si.S
,   '   judgment."       ;              -.                              -,                                   .  * - xiety, the situation'^ on'1 more than one" occasion-that-confronted? your ?-'%     . <-•                   . iy7'$y-'rvy,Sry±\ •„:? ---""7 . r~ "*'', 1056'; 19/7.'7s' • ."?'>*,"""
'.    .' -     - In the whole of this letter there is riot contained one scrap of infor--   . ,.     Executive was'mosrserious.'and strained the diligence and tact of your-^7'' *   ^ hand of" Secretary: Treasurer?^                                         i.y:,". .7'..
■■>         -.-• mation that might be useful in avoiding such catastrophes, the attempt   y    . bff iwrs in averting ^ny stampede amongst our members.'   It is gratify7-;'7-- -      ' ' 7-\"V' ;J> "77.7  y    '"*     '   - - "'"' ' "'iSSliM.te*'
■      being apparently one to discredit the efforts of any.who may be trying- ; - -jng, however, to state* that with,the consideration"'we received from1'". ." ' 7               •'   ,  S'7y. 7 y. f, ;-•'• -^^ •'     - 4- y".?'??* ?y- "r"   t:" ,''
.       '*-       to r improve conditions in this, regard.     Neither is there the slightest    ',        the International when matters were explained to^ftem, together with ?,*,•'.-•'-7-?   -     .'*-'- 7 ,7-7 /.,>,:  ' '-'   '"'   - '■ w-777 ] |432950.48^'
,-y.    "-    reference made to the explosion that is reported to have'occurred on   , the tiniely assistance of the Fernie Co-Operative, Society that we ",werev   '\.            I   '       :■. 77. ^7.--'.-7" -■   ,   '"--"■    7>.r<r^ *"~ ?..
y    ,       .or about the 29th day of January, 1911', which is reported to have been   - ■        able,; to. overcome the difficulties that faced, us?77   ,'   .          - > • 7 "-7-7j /      ■>     - *' STATEMENT.OF OUTSTANDING LOANS 7 7.:'^ '*. y ,
unmistakable in character and exceedingly-violent in action.   It would ,- , Itis to be regretted that the financial^condition'of the InternatVonal\'. y- '■•'Moyie-rWvF. M.;.re.Krsuzr. -7. S, v'7'.,,-'..'... .7 .$1500',o6\\ - ", *- %,'' 7
7y ,                appear to me that had Mr. Coulthard finished his screed with*" a state- - »■       organization was such that-the amount.of "money forwarded by'7'them' yyS Hosmer  Locai 7-. yyCr:>.1y';,-.. yy....•.;.--.,'. 7 750!oo7'J----^'%7 ■'•..'
' ment to the effect that the killing of 31 men in the Bellevue,, Mine on   . ..      did-not enable your,'Executive to strictly-carry out~ the promises maW" ~~y: Fernie  Local, ...'.'.:,..; 7','..'7?.'.;"'. .'7...'.*...."7 67S'4.30"~". *>"' yS-'y
the night of December 9th, 1910, was a mis-statement of fact„the letter 6„ .      regarding the benefits for the wives and -famiiies, in the" Old Country.'"-"7 v -"   - *■   -     '■ .     $'& 7 ,y"7" 7? ,7 -.'V- ' - -",-'.' ^ ^l"v$V9034:'30*
with its information would have-been-complete.   -Mr. Hudson, in his     -■     " I endeavored under these circumstances tb apportion the money .to'the ',""*77      "    -     '      "    ",7?-"" : 7y/r S}:^"   , *,7 7  -'"-'7 7   ''"''   *•"'  , ,
*    -.--      report draws attention to the rock forming the roof, and states: ,    7     --       best possible advantage.    Whilst dealing- with this particular question .'*-.,■ ;    .    ■       • "   ,-   .   J '" V vl_'A7 RELIEF -\*' 7   '  -'\"'?;-v' '.-,.-'',"
y~/:     ' -        -"One important point that did not pome out in the evidence 'was , T would-respectfuHy, ask you to define plans which" in your judgment" .", ^X-     The^figures herewith' .p're-Wnted' are "thoW'taken from "the-returhs
, "     w"    "  .that a strata of rock situated in the roof immediately, oyer the coal ,     should be''"observed in • adjusting matters in connection .with'Local''    ;7 furnished by the locals.. ," y 'y-,\"*>-» ..y ,..:       S\ ^. .-7   7"    , .»'
?c '     y is composed of a coarse-grained sandstone, highly impregnated with   . "   monies' expended for this. purpose. 7 As-you are aware,', there were '" "      -    '* Cost of Supplies'to'-Locais'Ss'per Returns of" Local SecretarleB- ' ' L
ironstone, so that when two small pieces are struck together, vivid-, some Locals who had Funds, which were, in many Instances, collected   7.   '    •'         "       7'    ,* --,  C'No. of"'" '».Nor of '"*■* .Amount:
<»       ._ ^sparks aro emitted at an intense heat."      •   ^        v -. for building purposes,-used for paying these benefits. . Again,   there   7 *'"7     '"              . ■'- ; ,   ,'. ,. %! . Members'^ Women  'Children 77 7   "-.„*.
-    3                To which Mr. Coulthard replies *'..-.. that the assertion as it ap- Avere other locals who had money in their treasury Immediately beforo , -   ';     * 1st' Issue  ._  S. 7. ,4034%' 7.1504,1, ,   3376-'   '-"$33,868.23 '.
pears Is entirely erratic."                                         ,              '                - the suspension of operations, but disbursed It at once.     Therefore, in     '        ' 2nd ,Issue'.? '...',.*.'.-.   3961 ' ■- '7^743,'   ;'-   3695         ^6,773.91-'
In connection with this I may add that I am informed that a certain -eQuity to those Locals who disbursed'their building funds for the pur-       -    "' Srd  Issue   ;.........*...,.   -3950%l   -1584 .':, -" 3377 *" :'",' 29,330.68 7
*    ,         British Mining Authority procured samples of this rock and in con-. i)00 0f relief, some policy should be laid down that wlll'ven^ure justice   ~ k     ';  4th  Issue   .;....'...'.. S:..' ' 3842%   -' 1605 ' •   7 3492 ."S 29,013.90''
ducting experiments, in 37 trials produced, in the neighborhood of «   to all'concerned..       7                            ,.•„„".'    V '■ ' '      '..                  -" 5th  Issue   ...:Syj/.:SS.l 3752%'   • 7.574-   '*'''3465N *-'28244" 30'7
'35 explosions.     If this Is correct, it has a bearing on future mining 7 in the month of August your Executive issued an appeal 'for :assis-' * -          6th -alssue '..'.i...".'....:..   3825%   •' 1604:  ,'-^3497-»'  *< 28!876'!73, ■!
„   operations there that cannot be overlooked, and the Ignoring of such tance to District No. 10 (Washington)", No. 22 (Montana), and No. 27'"         "7th   Iaaue"'-....-.'.-:'...;....- 3761 •-,   1796,   <^mt   / "29889.77
conditions, as vwell as attempts on tho part of any individual to mini- .     (Wyoming), and the only response was from' the,-Local .Unions'in   - .' '  '•>" ?Iss"°   • '.   3718'.      .1622   -/'3529     "- 28,342169-
mise the importance of the fact already adduced must be characterized 7   .Washington, .'which donated the'-greater portion of-the amount of-           "9th  ^sue ..'?.;.-...'..-...•..  ,3784??7   1750 y.. -3863' '"   -'29 459 84 *"
,as nothing short of criminal.    In referring to our own endeavors, and   * ..    ?1036.60 as shown in statement?.  The* remainder was forwarded i>y''          *10th "Issue '.'.-. i.'.."...'....;'- "3622", • 7 1736 -   * '3755"-:/  ' Wsfc 72-
, „   ...      , touching upon the wire sent by the secretary of Bellevue Local to Mr. ".   Calgary Typographical Union, $25.00, and Bricklayers Union (Vancou-   '   '     .Hth1 Issue   ;.?;......7% *.-..   3736     71766   "     3881':'-   29*844 82
.      .„    Sterling Mr.-Coulthard says:                                     . ■ ver), $17.50.       ',-''-.,'       '        " .**'      ,            .;       -,        -12th' Issue- .7.T.....",;.."..  ,3674 ,  "    1794'       .4015"        29 275 W*
'     *        ■ S"m* Mr' ^son "ef1uIretl lnt0 the P°lltics °r thia union at'the . . 7         r'draw your attention-to the generous treatment that we" -  •      13thl Issuer..-.;..7.'.'V: 3926% '7'l83r' ™\4m " '- -SOJSiItO--
tim«>toiwould have discovered two facts:                 .              _--' received from District No. 6,. W.°F. M7   You "will* observe''by.-the     l        Hth'Issue:'....,...,.'..-...    4360 ^.     -1793,- -%-3999.  -   -32,366.81   '
7 *    '         J." " Th,atftfhey WC1'e at tm tlm° clectIoneerlne for their annual elec- balance sheet that*Moyie Local Union!loaned our District $1500.00' to? "."    ' ™ ^ ' •'• • •', •* • •'" .'. V3496"':   " ?1373 7 -*, 3095'' •    ,* 24,197.00   :
»    m? "lce,rs"    .   ~.   ,*'     u ,••.■ 7   s''    ,                   '     * *    Prosecute the Krsuz Case, and«in addition to this the District Executive     ', , ^' ". :-'   . \.      7./'      .   ■-.—H"'-   -r-:—>    —'—'""' '—-^	
f           '        »    ""■    i*i «                    «mo-their SociaUstic-representative-in-the >      .came forward with $2500.00, the-.balance'' of the amount of $4000'.00,J    5'       T°t'als -?...?..?. V...?.;;. '757434   ,' .,25074-"-  55049'   ■-^443,080:20
,                   Provincial House wa. endeavoring^ o obtam some most remarkable. :     which, was necessary* to prosecute the appeal.     I might add that our ,-■ 7       .       - ' '       ,':.   -; „?. ,- r-~. *7-^   ,-_!li:
"''''       ^y0^ •   -   financial position at the time, this money was required\vas the most     7    . REPORT   OF. SECRETARY-TREASURErt   AND^ -VICE-PRESIDENT
-    •         „T '    ",,'  , t    ...   ,  „ „      •    r.                  7,.        ,                         - - * critical during the strike, and it is therefore due to the splendid spirit ,              '•  *   '(t%. 7' '"*     RE MISSION  TO''INDIANAPOLIS      , '   -    . ^
whof£us11Lsr:"«s:snoAr«°ir01Bs • <?*»■ *?w-r,'■:■ r ^eas'?,anotm'^uiu-   - - "■■ ?.--«*-«7a-^s.^:..%™k°dl,L;,, w-w...
ZZlJI^t^ZS-   ™aaej7tI"f nme-  '.AS.a matter-of fact, In, connection with the Krsuz case I regret to say that the matter is    *..     * structed by- the DistrictlExecutlve- Board to* attend ttie-IntefnaHonil'
'    ™PZ   I7n£ ,,   in h* wf which 7ere fem^ from criticism - .    ■   .UU pending.    I do not deem it necessary to go into details regarding '   '  / Conventioniln order th^t^ we may beTjabS ta^_Sl?fil W&S ' •
" Sit  >™t         !  reasons above mentioned      I know^for.a fact this appeals you an know full well whatthose details are. incndental-. S/'   ternatlonal Officers and ^xkxJ^^^^S^^^^-.
'  :   ell T? 7       complaint wasmade regarding the Canada West • lyihoweverj I might state that'the decision. .ri_eans"thousands "of dollars'             what position'the International would takVregardlngThe^
';          '      «?™     in*'ir ™T» tl0n " ^^f t0 hf\frcal \\h* ■ *   to the 'many dependants who are affected/ - Herewith'I submit"the        ., ' of the Districts a'result of the strike    "IX^£/St?Sw5 '
~" • .^^•srfis=io?th^^^^^ 'S£^scSd;n^srstein^          ■■ ^s^eiTAT^r^°^^
The "remarkable revisions" are some that were suggested by our   " • -                   *      '  ^ ^^^ °t£Z'     : -    " ^; \       '    .                    .   '     ™,U? «„"!^the ""^#of«^s, and we-have their promise;that-7
v      ,       own convention, two only of which pould be applied to any of-the con- -    ".         '                                      T^n^"-.-'         ,V,o        '   '■■'-- S* ™    ?!   T l" T    *7tsis-conyeni?nt-   ™s decision-relieves {:
.    .         ditions referred to as follows:                                              .... , •        * nonr Qll.                                -          London', S^./Tanuary, 1912.            ; ■  the District, of a burden that^might otherwise haVe. proved 'serious -
To amend Sec. 47 by striking out all of the first paragraph and in-' -*"    '"   "/■   ,                                                                 .'    '-;>,    '           '",<      -*,-->   .ww,7',,          ' .  ..  -/,„../'   . . • ,,         ' '-.    '       '*.    - 77-'^ ' "■ -
serting the following:     "The owner, agent or manager of every mine.    "     '     -        ' !* " '   KRSUZ vs. C. N. P. COAL CO. , y*,.          , w             .     .'    .™e there President White'introduced, some'correspondence he   ^
.shall keep posted at the entrance of every mine and in the office of ' '"         "     we are duly in receipt of your letter of the 10th inst. In view'of    ",".' ■' J?*',                °m, , f Jdmont011 field/asking the Internatioal to;'
.      , every mine a correct-plan of said mine, having distinctly marked all "*., ',     '  ,what you say it seems best to explain fully the'reasons for the post-. '     *y mS5?iJ-"eW Z          theret and also that they bo notattached to
,             outlets and travelling roads leading thereto., ■- Where for any .reason     - ponement oHThis' appeal.   Until early in December it?V_is understood       '.       " ~qn '    ..'   ■"   "   ' "»•   *'    *   '"«     " "-" '   '"■    "-"                        " '   ' -•
.      .          outlets or travelling roads are closed or new outlets or travelling roads " '        ' h«r« that the Respondents would be ready to}'the February sittings'   - > '*   t, -    p-    TV80-! actmg-under instructions.from our.District Execu"-;
,-; '   '       opened,' such changes shall as soon a possible'b'e posted on'said   , an,d inVview 6f this understanding it would have been irregular to -''   '" ''^f''-   ,^ ?« „   ^N^-lnvestlsated and re'portedi upon, the con-";
.        v       Plans, ' and'    •                 -                     '    '           .',.-■   7   '- y     '      have.taken any steps to force on the appeal :unUl it became neces7'  "v* S°V   _,??,,' ^A9?7 °f that *€P°rt' togetlier.wlth' a letter,-
By adding in Section 51, Rule 1, Sub-sec. (b).in the eighth line after •'         sary to do so.                      -                     ,--.-.'-.          - '^ - 7 ■ ,c«py of which is, also, attached to "this report, .was,placed?in the-hands?'
the word'"air" the words:    ,          ,'",=     •              ,.■'."   , " "The date fixed for the closing of the-list was'originally the^th'-" :''■' °* J*eB,.J«nt F11*6-.    wV!ls? understand that President White has".
7 „   , -      ■•;. i . which Jshall' sweep the face" of' each working place."   ?   -        - ' ' '  -January,'and to ensure the inclusion of the appeal in the list it was"-   '-' " .°°™lun\cated with President-Powell in" connection' with this mattery'
y    Regarding the former,- it certainly canW be considered remarkable 7- *>ecessary for us to lodge our own-"case, and, to serve' a,Case Notice " 7-  ,   t ' J? our.°PSDIOn,tnIs .Convention should consider ,what-woul(T he the
"thai the men working in the mines should desire information as "to    , "   ■     ,upon; the. Respondents on" oiy before the 23rdv'December, so as to." •   ;-   * ^ po'cy in resard^to it- _ ■: ^ y •   yy y *.;    " - -  . ;   ?'.y* .,.
outlets that used in emergencies, and when such knowledge    - ' '      ',Siv« -th-e Respondents a clear month in which.'to.lodge their case    <7.   -" '-„?ucmn^"uP°n the Convention,.one.of the important matters dealt*
 .   '    means life and death to the men who may be trapped ithere.-Tyhi.e in ; ■      " We lodged the Appellant's case on the 15th December, and served the" ? -" V.'   "" l*™       International Constitution,-which was thoroughly, revised,."
~~7~     fegard-to-tlie-secondriTTmigfirbeTionsidered remMa^tbTaaao^K "T^Caierr^tlcerafCenhTuau^cS^^
-    c, >    we shoum ask,the Government to put a provision iu" the. Act that'was';",' - 'December.   "On the 22nd January we were therefore in a 'position    ..'   -',J?t,hrtw      "^ i' T" T8"1!141^ !° order that-it mayn°t, conflict",
embodied in Rule 2 of "The Coal Mines Regulations Ordinance^No:   - to set. the Appeal down on the Respondents' default;* in complying    •''"   '■-*w."n tfie international;-     ,,<v;    .-,,.,      .,'          ■ .  yy y. -:   ,-.
*'    9, of 1898," but. was excluded from the Act of 1906 by a government   > '         with the Case Notice.     Unfortunately, in the meantime the-Lord     "'          j unei0V the. questions that has Jong^been productive of differences ^
who are'Wpposed to legislate for the protection and welfare of the •- .Chancellor, had seen fit to take the very "unusual-step' of changing   " .            pPmion, namely, the right of members to introduce in'local' meetings' v
people of this province.    Regarding the complaints against tho Canada' - the .arrarigeiments, and it was announced that'the" list'would close   -   "' '  ma    j - oE apolitical .nature, as:well as the political Standing of tlie"-'
'   West Co., Mr. Coulthard may think that it is "farcical" for "the men "■       -on-the-10th. January.     This had the result .of'shutting-out other'     " .»-i0J®J"^u-on■** .a "Whole was determined by the adoption of Articled. ■'
t  f .'to'be carried from the mine-'overcome by foul air and^the fumes from", - " -       appeals'besides our own, and has occasioned some complaint    Of         ". °'-Vho n*Jv,9™?!:,tl)9on- r The'committee had recommended that tliev
-'"""        explosives on account of' insufficient ventilation", but tis is not so course it did not prevent tlie setting down ofany appeals in which ~? *■ "' org. -zat,on should'not'favor any particular religious creed or^poll'tlcal'
"farcical" to those who find themselves in such a position.   I hav-_ at- hoth parties were ready.   Unfortunately, Mr. Davis was not ready       -' "" Vt'    -tj*the- Convention,-by an. overwhelming vote, struck out .any
,*      -      mr-hed tho questions asked by the government by C. M. O'Brien", io-' '    We think 'it unlikely that there will be any further- regular     "         Mferopce to."political party.'^largely on the ground that'the/'view. .
gather with the answers given, and I consider that In bringing this sittings (at which we could insist'on the'appeal being'heard) until     ' *   '  "le,!al)0r (luest,on as a political question and consider that it ls tlmo '
, • matter fo tne attention of the people of this province he has performed '          aflw Easter, but there will in all probability bo a supplementary list                 », °"rt org??,aa,_t(m fa.C€d the is.m* squarely.             '*..•,.       '     .
■ a servico that merit's our full appreciation.                                ' ^           , of appeals to ho heard in the latter part of February and beginninc of           " i          status of members having grievances, suspended, or expelled, v -
Fraternally yours, '   March, in which by consent of both parties appeals may be included          " *     ,n0TWf ^'l spo,dflC^ly out"ned, 'and the authority' (/f ,-■ the' District'
-*     (Signed) C. STUBBS « hy any chance Ihoro is a regular further sitting in March we 'shall              f"     f"161'™11?1 organizations to decide appeals and (mentions- al
•REPORT'OF SECRETARY-TREASURER   FOR   FISCAL  YEAR'' of course insist on this appeal being included      «        ''     '             °         '   ™'n01'0 clearly defined.,",
ENDING 30th NOVEMBER, 1911             '.   - "     ,'''..                           Yours faithfully,        -    *  \              '*           A,radical change was also made ln the holding of conventions, and
Customary with the usages anc| In accordance with the Constitution "-•    •                                                        ■'"7 BLAKE & REDDEN    '           ' n the term of International officers.'    In tho case of conventloni.;
or (his District I beg to submit my report for tho fiscal year ending L. P, Eckstein, Fernie, B.C.           „                                             '    •            thoy.wlll-in futuro bo hold ovory two-years Instead of annually, and
' '   30th November, 19]2.     It ls not my Intention to deal with matters' ..   7    Trades and Labor Congress,of Canada            *     -                 ^.tho term of offlco,,wlll,, after the election in December of this year,
concerning tho District othor than those of a financial character, ok- *.    & tho Annual Convention of the Congress which was hold In Calgary '   '  "" , °      ? '!" °f UV° ymra'    ™s lt aPP°ars would also apply,,to mom-, -
capital, to refer briefly to ono or two Important questions which havo '   in September last, that body generously adopted a resolution recoiri-"            hers*of up International Executive Board."   Added'to. this' is also
como within the purview of my work slnco our Inst Annual Convention. mending that'a? levy of 10 conts por mombor bo collected fro'ln its           • " MW provl8,on for tho rcca11, "I1011 tho 8|sn«*l roquost- of a certain "
Re Strike and Its Settlement                              ,t , members, tfnd turned ovor lo District 18, to help-to fight tho Krsuz             Percentage of the, membership, of tiny International officer who "may*.
As ono of your Scalo Committee entrusted with tho Important matter CftB0' thlB action deserves the highest commendation.   It clearly demon-             ,? wpotnod guilty of malfoasnnco in offlco. _In connection with oloc  ■
of carrying on negotiations with tho W. C. Operators Association stratestho growing tendency that exists'In" tho dlfforont organized                     ,' 'l commltt.?° of n,ot morothan six or, loss than three, are,to lie ,
during tho late struggle, I doalro lo deal briefly with tho situation. ha^eA to hocomo closer afflllalod that ll.elr mutual Intorosts will ho     ;       ■JP0"1™'1 W tho l0Cftl- three .of whom must bo tho Local Prosldont,'
Tho arrangements carried out by your Scalo Committee during thb bottor safeguarded;'                       7,     '                                                           Financial and Recording Secretaries,
negotiations wore from tlmo to tlmo placed beforo you, consequently B. C. Federation of Labor                                         '        In tho mattor of cni"*gcs ngalnst officers, othor than local oftlcora.
It lo useless to olabornto on tho many phases of tho strike.    The iimu- *        Tll° B- C Federation" is now an organization ln more than namo as ■        - B,oh,°1,1nr1B0BI must J? lod80(1 wlth tho Executlvo Board of,tho,brunch'
miartlon of tho stvlko and that which transplrod until tho final settle- y°u wl1' recognize by tho roport'which will ho submitted from   'tho                        ,          a" °   °Qr' anjl thc,r docIs,on 8haI1 C,0B« tho cobo unless
mont, tho events which happened although fresh to your minds, must Fraternal Delegate who attondod tholr couvontlon In Victoria a few        '    I?11*.?1     l,^^' vWoh BlmJ1 b° lo(,ffort w,th tho trlbuni111 noxt In' au-
appear to most as ancient history.     It Is admitted by all concorned •    w<!0,ca I"181-     Whilst your District Kxocutlve have not   up to tho    '        Ji ° ■  ,     ,       "      ■ °ftS° °f °"r- 0Wn P1^1?1 wou,d bo tll() Conven-
that tho strugglo through which wo havo pnBosd has boon tho greatest proBont tlmo, taken nny definlto position regarding affiliating with           ' tlofnI.w,,on ln BOBfllon' or othorwlso tho International Iflxccutlvo Boanl.
nnd most important thnt this District has boon engaged in slnco tho th,fl h0(]y< It would appear obliga.ory on our partlf wo nre to bo govern-           '    11° n°W Con8t,tlltlon alB0 Igloos for' tho appointment' of travelling
lncopf,lon of tho Unltort Mlno Worlcora' In this North Woat Country, ' 0,J 1}y tno Prosont,laws of our Intornatonnl Constitution which snoclfl-             wmtan, whoso duty lt shall bo to audit tho accounts of locals at loast ■
nnd tho promlnont factors together with tho ultlmalo'roaults should mnV 8lftt0« that wo slfbuld hocomo mombora of this Provincial Organ!   '          on<j° «ttch year, ontf roport to .tho District and International unions;
not bo lost sight of.    It la qulto truo that wo did not, obtain the do- mlon-    It 1» essential tav this Convention to docldo whothor thoy              „i i ,     ' 1>rov,dos Ponaltlos. for Irrogularltlos.on tho-partof lu :ul
■ manrlB which w.o placed beforo tho operators, and It Is oIbo truo that ,k,Blro (o ]i0 ft PWt of this progrosslvo organization or not nnd al«o     '        oK,clalB-- «
we in.tt_iu_.-a coiulliionB ln somo inrftancos ovon worso thnn wo woro t0 »'et'lare who shall pay tho por capita tax, tho District or tho locals                Wo woul(1 8UgB0Bt t,mt tho commlttoo on Constitution bo advised to
" working urulor prior to tho oxplratlon of tho lalo i-Rroomont, but on" d,roct'                                                                                        '     '     ,, . brlnff ,n "wehtamondraontB ap tiro mado necessary by tho chango.-ln
tho other hand lho IncroaseH that wore obtnlnod In tho day wage bciUo In concluding my remark-. I feel It my duty to thank tho officers and         - International ConBtltulIon.
aro such that would novor.havo boon conceded woro It not for tho     -       mombors of tho iilxocutlvo for tho mnnnor In which thoy woro ovor '   '             Fraternally yours,                               • ''    '
offortH of tho organization.    ClmimHtnncoB, howovor, over which tho "»ndy ami willing to lend ovory aBBlstnnco that enabled mo to carry                               '       ,              .(Slgnod) C. 8TUBB8,
Sculo Commlttoo had no control, compelled thorn to advlno Iho mom- 0,lt my dutloB.    And lot mo hIbo tako this opportunity through you                                                                                      '       Vlco-Proatdont,
bora to occopt tho propOHnla which woro aureod to liy your ropreHonta- "     of ^tending my thnnka to tho offlcors and mombora IhroiiBh tho                                                 '     (s|Knod) A- J« CARTER,
tlvcu with lho oporatorH nt Frank.    In connection with lho torma District for tljo courteoiiB nnd nblo mannor In which thoy have carried             .                                                                 "      Bocrotary'Troaauror.
of tho Bottlomont, I doHlro to Bay moHt omplmtlcolly tlmt.-ln my opln- out ,!lolr nrduoua work In connection with tho dlBtrllnillnB of tho Blip-                   '       -                               (Copy.)                           .,
Ion, tho opornlora, or moBt of thorn, havo openly violated tho prlnclplo* P"08' »nrt r further doBlro nt thin tlmo to thank thr» momborahln lri                                                                          Clty» lr«b«"",y 2<th, 1012.'
upon which tho aotclomont wns mndo, nnd havo forfoltod ovory right Bonornl for tho confident placed In mo hy ro-oloctlnj. mo on this                ^r' 'T' P' W,,,t0' ProBldont u- Mi W. of A.
to bo consldorod <fvor ngaln worthy of your roproHontatlvei. ncroptlng occaalon hy ncclamntlon for tho fourth coiiBOcutlvo tohn  to fill tho                  D'?ar Slr ttnd Drolllo,r»~"                            »
tholr word an mon of honor nnd integrity, nnd whenever tho tlmo position ns Socrelnry Trcnsuror.    I nlncoroly nppraolnto tho honor to                        Bnolowd you will plcaao find copy of report of Dlutrlot nonrd *
nrrivoB that It Ih nocoBBnryfor your representatives to trnnnnct husl- tno fu,,0Bt ftn«l hopo thnt I will bo nblo In tho futuro ob I hnvo alwnya               Mombor McNab ro tho Alborta Conl Piolda. .
,   no&B with thPw, mon. thf»y Bhould Irmlat on ovory matter being placed miclonvoroil In the past, to Bhow that this confidence tins not botn                   YoU wl11 ,loto l,mt ',0 n(,vl80B tno orentlon of a BUb-dlatrlct thoro
on record In writing.    Thoy plodRod tholr word not only In Frank, mlaplncod.                               r                      '                                            io bo nttnehod to Dlatrlct 18, and points out the dUtaneo from hontl*
but nlBo to tho Hon. Robt, Honors In 1/othhrldgo, that thoro would ho (fllgnod) A. J  CARTER      '            aunrterB nu tho rcnBon for this; tho dlntanco of 700 mllofl would bo tho
no discrimination, nnd what do wo find?    Thoy nro openly dlBcrlm- Rflpr«inrVT n          ". . •                                         maximum tflatanco^covorod from Fornlo, our oxtromo south-woitom
InatliiR ngnlnat our momliera nnd moro'oRpoPlally ngnlnat thoso whom I herewith uubmlt u Mimm»I« 5 _ITJ!!I_*r   1        15: U> ^' W' °f Af             po,nt' lo tho Y°nowll<,ft(1 P«BB. which .would bo tho oxtromo North-
thoy consldor hnd been moBt nctlvo mombora of tholr Union, nnd draw to yom alien\o,rZ7^nZTi,T °.xfJ?nd,ture- I mM            W««lorn point.
sorting to every conceivable mothod to bring about <Hii„eiiRlon nnd warded to   ho LocMh     hL« thSi     ?V     ?^ haB b°°n f°r* '             " tb,i flo,d Woro orKan,M<1 «!|ld nt^bod to our Dlatrlet, howovor, it
ill^nf^fnrMn-.  n-mn-nrot  n»r ™™i,»v«       T (""p. ««»  V-— c' ••■ -   ' wiiruoa w mo J.ocniH, J nave thoroforo, not doomed it nonoBBrirv to               would,'In th*» nt>nr ftititro hrtytl n*hn-.t n ^•.""c l«*""« Vc-'c-.v'c--
Riiniro Btrorn. onnnah thnt would adAqnatolv oon^mn'lho 'i.etionn"nf *"*'" " *"" """ lWmam Blal0'ncnt «n conjunction wlthlhla rop6rt.                poBBlbly to CnlRnry, which would ho nhnut th«.Wt'ro of Jb« flViV. wfl
most of thoHO Bolf.utyled phllnnthroplo opnrnforB.     T hnvo, howovor, ANALY8ED   SUMMAnY               '                               lrom whlch ;oo,nt tho "^l" of'tho Dlatrlet could ho onnlly handled.
every r«n«on to hcllovo that beforo lonu certain BchemoB which nre Hnlnnco In hnnd, Jnnunrj. l«t, 1011  •   ^m 05 Al tho prosont t!n,° our Dlatrlet Ib divided Into four vBObdlatrlcl«,
now in opuMitlon will bo tho means nt lcnBt of protoctlna- ench nnd Hocelpta, viz:                                                                           .'   . .         each boliiK ropreaonted by a board mombor, who la not, howovor, ro-
ovory mnn from opon dUcrlmlnntlon. nnd'l truat thnt tho dny la not '   Locals, ns per dotnlls  ^ 287R2.00 • Kularly omploycd by tho Dlstrloti If this flold wns organized lt would
■ far difllftnt wiu-n wo mnv hn nWf> ir> «nv tn t.^n nn.»rntoro *tmt yen Internntlonnl IT. M  \V nf i.                            o/.-fl.*'..                                  moan tho creation of n now ntib-rtlittHrt with n nnnrd Mombor jv»rmn-
.•anno. .Jlncrlmlnnlo In any filiniw or mnnnor whatever agalnBt any Donntlona to Relief Fund  ,,,. "*1036*>80 nontly in tho flold, nnd this would bo moro oconomlcal for all con-  ,
mombor of our organization.    Dlacrlmlnntlon   la   tho1'moat gcrloua ^onn*  ••• ,...   3103.30 corned thnn would bo tho formation of a now district with Its complo-
problom thnt confronts organized lnbor, nnd lt la tho duty, of ovory ,A" °tbo»* rocolpta   ]      m\i] "" ment of offlcora.
union mnn lo do nil In his power to protect hla brolhor whohovor the      ' ' ' H20253"83 ! hnV° "° doubt thnt tl118 ilM cou''1 ^ Mad'ly orgnnlzod If an
occasion demands It, v * y_ o/fort la mndo, \iiit on account of our prosont financial ponltlon It
Slnco tho n_.roen.ont wns rnimcd,„work in the District, I rogrol ta -                                                          $132050.18       "     C0M,<, 0nly ** d0no W,,h ^ho n,a of th* International uhlon.
say, tins been very unsteady, and in consequent* haa crcutod a con- "                                                                                    ________-_L__                                                               Frntornnlly youra, ,
dltlon of affairs which wait nov«r nntlcipnled.    Thoro nro many men lllsbursoments, vlr„!                                                            ',.                                                                                                    (Signed) C. 8TUDB8.
who after walilnn wooka to kh a start nre in many Instances Tint Salaries  I   8CB0.D0 REPORT Of BOARD ME.MBER McNAB
working more flian half tlmo and ovon loss than that, and again, thoro Law costs   ,,,,.,,/.    3.83.on I_ethbridK«, Alta., January ind, 1912
aro many who ba-ve been laid off tntlrftly.    This .« * matter which Hclief   ,  3Sfi782i20 To '** orf,c<>r* *n(1 Mcmbaja ot the Executive Board of District 18,
wbleb df-manda your earnest and careful ronsldoratlon.    It should bo Loans ,,.,.   ,..,,,    2518«1(.0 U, M, W. of A.
tho duty of this Convention to devise aomo policy that will at loast Dlatrlet Lcdgor .'. , _.     i«oo!oo Oenlloraon,— , ;
be tbe meant of giving tome assistance to those of our members wbo /    All other expenses ,     4023.7/. ** delegated by the lato Hoard of ear District to proceed Into tha
are in olstrew. __ mmmm  |43u2Mft ^ (Contlnu^on page 11) """
i -..■'' ir .i,
v-- *• ■  -'.'-V ^
Michel, B.G.    .y;
"■-     - _ ■4'" - :.'      a-__a_-Bt«M-_-----i*y ,*» ,; Vl .      J$
";   -"HEATED wiTH STEAM 7 ,7
-,yr:y . .-yyy--''- y •-■ ^^j'1 ■ ;,-y: ;t.
- 7 Lighted "with Tungsten? Lamp's -'""
. 7S;"\?  Ostefmoor; Mattrenea7-'v< >•
"."   . *=. y- ■;>•''' ,'777 *^'v''. -. -
Cle_)n Line.
-,; .t-'.-^j* -^-a'-.
„Pure Food
-•>■..,■* *:-v
""-Clenn' Lineh?,:fyJ" ,\7 • ^
",   i    .V-,'^ v*-   ",f      '       ' "   -       "     "      '"
,'Vi^   « -' * .^- ^,,a(
■ --.-'.vly-.-
:     .-S
**'- -
[.y..i.$2.50 per'day,.';
-.*^"*'   .,l*     .* s.' i'.,•_ i; v,--, --.. C'*J
; The New and -.
s Up-to-date Hotel
E^ery person likes to be com-,
fortable. .,* We-have the,latest
design of-.steam heating appa-
■ ratus ln every room. '' Our menu
is-the best' . "We guarantee Ba't-
* isfaction,,"'* Two 'blocks fromC.
-P. It.' Depot.' '*,Old and new faces.
i welcomed." .•.'.  .v 7" .    ** ' '
i .
New Michel, B.C.
P. Zorrattiy- ?Prop.
.7   Si
*   7
7-7 H
i -jii
r '-7
T-   Vr,'   ,   '
Hosmer B.C.
* Eoj;al .Household'
'. Robin Hood imd.?
. Purity, Flour- v * .-
-Oranges,'rqg) 50c ji dozen"-. ;^.;. ^ -
'   v'    Now 25, 3B, and 46c
; Jap Ornnges, per tlox. -   ,    60c
' Bulk Ten, reg; 50c '7 Now 25c'
Every, purchaser of-$10 vecoiyes"
A Bath - Rug Free
"Just received; a' shipment of
'' Hundreds of latest Records,
Violins, ; Guitars, ■ Acoordeons,
8heet Muale, etc', ato. '.*
Nejw Michel
,    l...(.l.I.A'riONt.
COAU mlnlne. rlcrlita ot the Pomln-
Ion, in Manitoba, Bnalcatoliowiui nnd
Alborta. the Yukon Tjrrftory, the North
\Veav Torrltorloi and In a portion of
.lie Vrovlnooot llntlslr Columbia, may
do loaaod .for n torm of tw«niy-fjno
yoars ot on annual rontnl of |1 nn nero.
Net moro than 2,„_0 acres wll ba leased
to ono nppllcnnt,
Application for a lease must bo made
by the applicant In person - to tlie
Akmi. or Hub'Airont of tho dlatrlet In
which tlierlffhtR applied for nre ultiint-
Tn iiiirvoyoil torrllory tho lnnd muat bo
deaertbed by sections, or legal sub-dlvl-
slons of sootlona, and. In iinsurveyed
Tftrrllftv fly* <.'t.^t,  ft^.*,*'^.^  *r»- cV;*u  '***
staked-out .by the applloant hlmnolf,
Tinni nj-tilrnllon lnunt T.r> ncccimpniilcd
by a fen of 96 which will bo refunded If
the r'trliln a.ip)l_ii for are not av_.llnt.l_>.
but not otherwise. A royalty shall he _
P»td on the mtKhnntntilo output of the
mine et tho rain nf five mints per ton.
The .person oporatlnsr tho mine shall
furnish tho Ascent wltb sworn returns
nreeiinMnij' for Mi* full oitf»»itl»" f>f nn>r.
eh n nl a. tie conl rnlrwd nn dnny the roy- •
ally thereon. If the coal mleln*
rlirhts aro not being operated, suoh
roturria should ho furnished at loast
once a year.
, The Iormo will Include the ooiil mlslnir
rlRhts, only, hut tho lesson may bn par-
milted to, purchase whatever available
surface rlcrihta may ho considered necessary for the .wort-lntf of the mine
nt tm rnta ot ai. acre, ,
■ _.,Pof_i .f,,', information applleallon
should be .made to tha Heeratary or the
Tn»r.»rtin«nt «f th*. mt«r|or. ottnvn, or
)?*.*?* 4Ktnt cr ft»t).A««ni ef nemln-
lon i_anas, ^
'  ' W. W. Cory.
Dspuly Minister of the Interinr.
N.n—Unauthdrlin. ptiblleellon of thl*
advertisement will not be paid fer.
Ut a Lodger Ad* work for You
. ^»«»-*«fc-.k*"* rw«yr ■■
> "*i. ««_i)»^e.^'Wufe-rt * * .***  -** «i»'fft13*'' mitf *»*•**#« W^fW:i^*W±'',*- !•■"-,
• ',V ,'y",.-yt.pja«w«irj'i^.;-
...t-b' ..r....,,^.,.. .„_»j.___^_..»~>««i-.-.--.i V 7
. .-<     A., j;' J.
""■T-iBT^'.' -J^-vCj. ''7
it ~r.-
'V, -.. _.*.-,' -^-.s s .,£ ,t ^
.7 7*77*7'' "
THE:piSTffdg^ED)G.ER;^^ FERNIE^:B.■ 0.,' FEBBTJABY'ffi 1912.
.■>.*. :*•--■■■.. ,.<
■-_,♦ ♦'■'♦ ♦ *;''♦"♦ ♦:♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
.■• .
»*» <-,>
■;',.->..• y\ ..;.,'*•    ■  . -■   .   y.
**' - ■" X",?■-ydelivered 7 to -all   .
•>  • Tr'r'. '",.-"--*■   *-•,'!'    . „   .
y,,1- 9. ,'-fc..'*»-}'v''y''1''"-' 1> - I*- ■",
*,-;,;k':.\%-parts,- of,the 'town' 7'?.<
":1-—"n-  . <
. J. '
."•ft-V Vi,'7'y-'...   : y . 7; *■;
-I?    J.*.'-   '.*,'.•*    -*'       •-.*-.',.■?'• V.)
▼ .' Sanders & Verhslest  Brothers.
,-v Proprietors    v. y
$"?*7 777* -i ;\.." - *   *■■ 7 7:
and Sale Stables
'<k$S.< mf y^PJrst'class _jl()rser.rfor Sale..   3
'r£ 7 |i^V^y^,r^7--'7y:y;>  .- fc
*-.." -. -"•- »7y Buys'; Horses '.on.Corrim.sion" -i
■i'.'.-^^-^w-y.'iS':'.'    .    ,"     ft
*  «—L——.-     ,1 , ui ..—  ..,.. ...      I.,, W
George -Barton. Phone 78,.
"'    "^t"      -.'''*'   ""V * "V '        _*• ___»
7.<*?.''>*"-v_7My'--'y?' '«J' 7* ■> '."i
7j^7J'M<G7:ER'- *
■ y
:; [J-M ACHINE. ^ C&
f   «,     ' '* "^,^r.'.. ~L-   -^,       A    -*     *- r-"1.        '—    -
." K _    -\     i     -    ,   ,* -     ^   .-,     \.^,   *   . ,..; ,. ., ,
■ ■ ...»-i   t -■   ;   ' H.:'.'.„t>-    *>.V.v*".*.i   .*-_:-*';L
,  -C,	
fiW W^/. -. BARTON
'-'(:7y •"" >'7t'S'Y.'''''■''•'   *'7' '„,-..'    •*■
.'?.7}Aereut";,.Fertile', Branch..,
',*.( '*-■*..' -.,,-■    >',-',      1   v     ,     *-   ' j .*,-'
',;-.e/Pcllatt■■ Ave.  ■ Nor-th
•r ..
/ •<•
'?, r •< -
ie-Fort Steele?
^__-    _-_-_.,
•Bw, ';';-'i. 7?'
yy:'';'' ■'■";
7^    Porter
-. •.'    \ r   -
Bottlad Goods a Specialty
'^'' **o *■ -.
T7 _  ^j/b
"•  "v/a*^™? y .<V ^» -X Jv     " *
i „*•■ !**■ v*'1>i'"___r "** ■
7yS  '"■'
}yiC;MdviMENfo union isTAyy:
7^7'-'-:<.■*^i-""» •'•'"•■.'.' r- -""7 "-'!'1fV
'7 'Nesciun, clttadlno dl queste contrade
€ ^mossai3 "'da ■- un Impulso -- plu ■? umani-
tario V-pl^;Vor^ettd\nelle"sue>azloni
e-n"^'."suc(I1,?_iei-flmentl,'3l,unb c*he* ap-
partlene alVunlone?., V Gll? * unionist!-
non mlrano! ad a'cc'umulare'una:grqs3a
fbrtuna, personage,-; ina r properidbrio''a
dare aloompagnl di lavoro^ 1'opportunl-
ta- dl. giiadagriarsl uri migUor salarlo
per. condurre,' un < plu.; deoentb. regime
drvlta.*, '. Essl "vb_|llono essere utlll all'-
Ihtlera^cbmunlta^della-tiiiaie; in fin.del
co'ntl.'rappresentano un-'buon numero!'
II- crlljlcarll ..«("qul_idl'ub atto bbbro-
lirloso,, clie solo possono ■ commettera
le' classl professional!' o - coloro. che a
questo'-'scbpp.'Bbno pa^atl dalle 'Cor-
porazlbnl.;;' Costorb, pero,' non rlue-
clranhb. Rial'nel. loro lntentb?ed-'l loro
hie all - uon, potraiino'; glammai raggiun-
gerb'releyatezza di^quelU^ del memlirl
dbl lavotb organizzato'.'-'    y' ",'.'   *
', Ognl',u_-lo"nlsta»e' indubblamente'un
?beineme'rito della "societa, *?'un- amlco
vero, slncero'edevoto delle classi.op-,
efale.i -Tufti T'flgli'del-lavbro dovWb-,
bero'.qulndl isplrarsi, ,ad "un, sublime'
ideale":7.--quello di convlncere' ad entrar
riell' unjone. tutti'quelli che ancbra noii'
viy.apparteiigond. V • Quando'"'l'unlone
".regnerar.sqvrana nel, iriondo ihtero,
"eesserannb "gll 'odlosi^sfrutta meiiti^l
Boprusl e'le.'miserle/'o.'-'Ie condizlbni
delle inasse^ lavoratricl sarannb -mi-
gliorate Jn ,modo, sorprendente, sla dal
lato morale'i. che economico. "•.<     '
-.L'unlqne e 1,'unlca ancora di salvez-
za per i'lavoratori.-, Perche non farla
trionfare? ' '"''  - '* '.' .  .',
ri-i*.-^ J ^■»•f-*,ll^.«» J»-«   .  r_.   . ^,,.i^n . -.        ^..     ,^m J«     ta. - J O ] * 1 .Mi"1--
-Jj-Secondo l'ultimo rap'portoi la'-"Unit-'
ed.,'Mine Workers of America" .corita
al p'fesente"" 31*4 mlia',membftir.,i'',;Yj''r'
yyyy.\.< .*■ •■■«>« --■•■"'lyy^^yiy.,.
7-I*plttq'ri*ed i decor'atori^i.Omaha;
Neb.",, hanrio ottenuto; un..aumento"di
-paga sefiza essere stati bbstrett_m';pr(j'
clamar'lo sciopero?'   ''"''?
*. - T.<-..
-vl' settecento minatoriimpiegati** nella mlniera' "Bnterprlse'kdi-'Sha_nol-in.
Pa., hanno proclamato^ lq sciopero' per.
divergenze tsorte .colla compagnla. *y
»«r- I
■"•.* >,«.«-
L. E. McDonald
ExpVesa ar,d pellvery Waoons _
y 8paolallty
advbiiti8e:in' thb''ledger'
'I lavori'sono'moltb scarsl nelle mlni-
eredl Sando'vel edl> Salem, Ills."    ' *
*; *  7* --* "yy*]'* ",''?.,,■-
• Contlnua'a New York lq, sciopero deT
gli  implegati  nelle?-layanderie'''deila
grande -Metrdppll. .',""   -'?_ ,.■/'.'.  "
"•'••? 7•'?*"*. ;.'"• ''.*~y*:'■£?'■..-, SJ\ ,' '-
11 .''gi'Ovane' itajlahb,-Frank. Beftina e
stat'b, traspqrtato .all'ospedale df'Tyler,'
Pa., per'essersl fbtto'una'gamba nella
minlera ,dl ."Cascade."/.'". -'' •  .    ,?
*7- vy^-y:, >?.*,• -,*• y<.-   -.-,
•.yLa^'/Natlonal TubeyCo.Vy'.di; Wheel.
_lng,vW.t Va.,; ha.riaperto .i,suoi. stabili-
rlmessl a lavoro.  ,,**.'  'yy. 7    .   °
■*:-; *c--'."-.   •■ '.."'*■,*■» * ,* ''ii-\ y'*•"  ■'
-'^Mentre' ir Trentinb-Antonio. Boselli,
dannl 28,"stava lavorahdo irelia'.minlera
di. Eureka, Pa.,1scop'pi6'-una?;i.arica(dl
dlnomite„che lo^ridusse a brandelli..7-
.. ...*-^ ^ *   »". »." ^ .„,    ■,•■, .  ^...
,^,'Gli operal addetti alia? preparazione
del oementq ,jn'Auburn, N. Y„ harino.
ottenuto iiin considereyo,le aumento .dl
paga ed una' dlminuzione dl ore dl'
lovorb.;. •■      , , '"■"
'*"',-, ♦    , *'      W » '
"*■ )   ' '*    ' ■
" yln..segulUo ad- un, (llsgrazlato accl-
dente, .11 con'nazlonnlo Giuseppe VI-
gllo II 29.dollo scor'so Qennnlo perdettb
la' vita,' riella mlniera ,'di Tombstone,
Ariz.y ,,y. .■ ,7  ,.        '  -yy
"\ >'"' *, 7. ■'* * .*       ,7 '■   '-' i
•   E' scoppiato. n Iylsbqi^o, Porlogallo,-
uno? aclbporo" Bqn^ralo.-o^eraiq. ed' 1
dlsordlnl-si suBsbgubiio in modo.allar-
hi'anto.   * J.a pdlizln! lia gta trntlo" In
nrresto plu ill mllle persone.' -, '   . ■',
,(.*•-    ,(,.,«,        *   ■     *. *■
.'pojpp'/iirt breve sciopero, I commcasl
dl nbgoz! (li-'commoBtllilll rtl, Oroaton,
Iowa."floha; riusciti' ad otterioro un au-
inouto dl aalarlo ln raglbno dl tre dol-|
iarl alia Bottlmana. "■ y ;" ■ • • :
•l   ,. '»',*   »7  • ,
} Mjolifilo Taurono o euo flglio'
fco,yn_o.itro eWnno(lA.vornndo flU dl
un'.'binarlb ""n •'whtoVto!lvri,"N.,,y.'l',vo-V-i
>noro-ln-v«Htltl-(ln una looomotlva.o gra-
votnbnto'ferltl, • I'loro stato'o dlBpor-
ftto., •'••>',  .,-.,;   ■"     ;, '   7.1.,';,., (..'«
I.H-M^ ">' •'"< ; 'S'<<\> ' •
II, connazloniyo Antonio PInolll mon-
tro Btaru lnvornmlo-nulla mlnlqra No.
1 (ll,l.(i{.iiH. Pn„ ol-bo II brnoclb alnls-
tro'fltrltolntofra una mncclilna oil un
»   •   •
,,-V'      •    ■ ■ ,    ..   ,.
■Nel dintornl ill Donorn, Pa., frn
brovbla J'Unltoil StntOH Stool Corpora-
tlon'' dnrai principle adnn lavoro oho
diirorn niu-occlilo tompo o cho costora
circa 2 niilloni dl dollarl. II numoro
doftll pi-«rnl cho verrnnno Implognll
sallrd'nolrcn mllle.   .' '
Alcunl Itallani-.e'he'^ehgonq fin**affit-
to una mlniera nel monte^Shefinan, vi-
clno a Georgetown, .Cqlq^^Iri^questl
giornl hanno .sebperto -unl'ricco -gia-
.clmento d'argontb. y,° "V>t'5",, *"'
'v \ y '   ■.','•••  , "7-yy ■',''* *'
E' cesBato a Manchester^nghiiterra,.
lb" sciopero del'tessitbrl,' l^quali'-Bono1
tqr'natl a lavoro dopolmu^tfeycpnccB-.
sioni col padroni*'nlfici e del "cb-
tonlflci; 7" 7     -'"*"'   "J-, • -'.S'y *"'•"'*
.  .* .' .      '- -     *- J        J      '*..
. .* '     ,.* :*■*-.* , r. - -• ^ ■    ...   '
y La, Federazlbno'""del. -Lavoro -dello'
Stato del'West,Virginia .sta-brganiz-'
zando .una forte'campagna onile !btte--
nere l'emanazione^ nellaVprbsaima ses-
sione Legislaliva,. -di'.leggl,. a favore
delle class! bperaie.7 y -'': ■,.*'v'',,'..'' -
"  ->''". <"    ■ - ''*-' •'-""'   ' :*?.'","" -, *
LESENNEMIS-DE LA ? y^y.-V ' .'
'. ';- '.'-. '" 7 -.CLASSE 6UVRIERE
' "Lesy.ournaux/ Canadlens--Francais
sont lus prIncipalement-",paf«de's7'ouv-'
riers et ces'ouvriers ne'sont-.pas-'.tous
des Ganadieris-Francais. ,J i^'Piusleurs"*
de ces, journaiix*1 ont une circulation
assez- grande'..dans certains^,'centres
minlers ou lndu'striels ou.-ll n'y. a pas
de Cana'diens'-Francai3. -Ces'jburnaux
ettant.tous catholicques'probable
ment. croire que tous leurs abonnes
d'a'na ces regions sont des'ouvriers ca-
tholiques;qui leuf^ preference a caus*e,.de; leurs" opinions rellge-
uses.y- Mais' ce" n'est,pas" le cas.- La
plupart:,des lecteu^svde''ces jourhaux
jS'y abonnent1 simnlement parcel qu'ils
sont' generalemeijyassez grands, don-
nent "beaucoup* deyhouvelles'^'et 'que
leur lecture ne. demande aucun effort
intellectual.77 7?., 7 " •'*'?-, 7.' -
. Chaque fois,q'u'il..*y'a une,greve quel-"
que part,-'qu.;peut etre-cert'ain-que ces
List qf Locals. District 18
•i     ■ - ■■■■.■-.■■■ i " i
.•O..   (   NAME ' '        (  8E0. and P. 6, AODRB88 *   '
121>  Unnlcljoad. /,,.-,..;. jr, Whoatloy, Sanfclioad,' Alia'.
481   flonvor Crook. ,\.'. /'P, Onughton, noavof CJroolt,' via rinohor
'481  Ilellovuo, ? ,, j. Durko, Dollovuo, Prank, Mta,'
..K_-     wtu.i«., <,...,,....   u, j, O-.abU, -j.itjllilOlO, All*!.
Ml T..iT*mln:  Jon/T>cj'Vj'f_j3u*, Jiuruiia, Alln,
2227' Carbon-tote;*...\.'. J; Lonsbcrry, Carbondalo, Coleman, Alta.
31387 Cardiff.;,.,....... J. Poolo, OArd'lff. Alta.'
1887 Canmoro .......... N; 1). Thaehuk; Canmoro, Alto,
S83S Coloman ...k, W, araham,, AUa.    ]|
Wit      r*n*\,t~ ' f»     T,.,.»"    tf ,■>>,,•"     " '
1130, Chinook Mlnoa .... Wm. Forayth, Diamond City, AUa.
217J  Diamond City Alton Zak, Diamond Olty, LothbrldRo,
231-4   Pernio ,,,,,., M.,. Tboi, Uphill, Fornlo, fi, 0.
\m  Frank,., G. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
84W.,iroawor ;.'..-;'..,... \9[; Daldoritono/Uoamor, D. C.
1058   Hlllcrett,......?. 7J. 0, Jonea. Illllereat, Alta.
, 674 , UUrtirldw L..Mooro,   004, SiaoonU. 8L, North ^thbrldgo.
%i\M  Lathbrtdia Colltarloa Frank IJarlnRham. aba. via.. Klpn, Alto.
r» 1888   WHO..', W, 14. Krana, Lille, Frank, Alta It
tm  Map!oI>af..v,... 0, Parker, Maple Leaf, Deliovue, Alta.
mt   Michel  M. Oarrftll, Michel, D, C. ;,
14   Monarch Mlno.,,. |* J. Thomair, Monarch Mine'. Tabor, Alta.
im  Paaabnrjr......... J.Kluaearlta. Paaaburir/Alta.
88W   Rojra. Vlav ........ Thot..a PlaUr. Royal Colllerloi. "Utt^ridim. Alta
ins*  Ta\|«v..'...,...... A. Pattoraon. Tabor, Alia,'1    "
108   Tabef,.,,.,,,7,.. 3, Cooper, Taber, AUa. ,
,711 faut seme^ia'lmeflance parmi'les'
ouvriers, les'.'mynteiiir',* diviie's'^ponr?,
que les actionn_ilres''qui ne produiaenf
rien puissent,; sans- meme perorerys'at-
tabler devant des;*succulents encore.'-??'Mais contre ces/bons
eoiipeurs la notre ?Yan n'a rien ajdire.
Les ^qu'vriersJ\ des.> fabriques' peuvent;
s'epulser en traivaillant et manque_,'d&
nevPL-saire'pour.que. }o.s,
puissent boire dir cbamuagne et eni .-e;
lenir des djanseuBes'-etc?'**:*, les 'Yon
leur pereheront la patience et le par'a-
dis a? leur' mort.-* _. Slnistre? farceur/'va-.
Et dire qu'll-'.y' a7des ouvriers qui-
supportent des„journau'x,qui les trait-
en t^de cette.faeon chaque"fois"qu'ils
bsent relever la tete et deinander, une
part plus grande des richesses qu'ils
creent osent'demanded un salaire qui
leur permettra d'elever honorablement
leur - petite f amille.        -.* y     \"y
Nous souhaltons que l'attltude de
ces'journaux durant cette greve ouvre
lesyeux a un grand nombre—Vole! l'ar
tide de notre Yan: .   '  *"'      c
. Otroctvo. bolo' v Amerike formalne
odstranene ui v roku 18G3 v, skutoc-
nosti ale jestyujo ono este,'dnes. Zv-
laSt" na; juhu je otroctvo domovom.
Najhorgimi statmi bu Mississippi; Ala-'
bama a Georgia... ZvlaSt' Georgia je
ptrockbu. Nasledkom otroctva,'. ktore
y tychto §tat9ch panuje: nemoZe tame-
jSI -kapltal dostat' dostatoCny ■ poCet
robbtnlkov. - Preto oznamuju .na'.vy-
chode'a na zapade, 2e ■ potrebuju ro-
bothikov.. . A dostanu ich' v_.dy dost'.
RobbtnikV zvlast',prist'ahovalec, j.tory
jo ah'gllCtiny neznaly, a ke'd'^by'aj bol
angliStiny znaly, nefiita' 2iadne Casb-
plsy,' a. preto sadhe na- lep a ide tam
za; pi-acou. Agenti tychto kapilalis-
tbv 'sl'ubuju. "ze.. cestovne-. vylohy
hradia-zainestn'avatella, ale jakoiialile
su'robotnici na mleste, vtedy sa pr"es:
vedfiiaVq celkorh' i'nom. Pred-
ov&etkym sa" im" bznaml, 2e ceslovne
vylohy sa iin zti'hnu zo mzdy. Nami-
esto ri"adnej'a;silnej stravy dostavaju
suchy chlleb^a mlieko, ktore je* vlastne
len posmechom, mlieka,. ponevaC je to'
len. biela 'vbdlCka:,. TieZ bydliska su
bledne a nezdrave. V ztme trpia zi-
mou a y'lete'hbruCost'ou. -'Taki robotnicl ?su-'dr"_ani',v robote ^na' sllu.
VSade sulrozostavene ozbrbjene straJe
Wore ka2dyVppl.UB-o.utek trestaju zas't-
relenim'.- yAni.Hi"' robotnici nesmu" z
prace.odlBjV ktorl ''sa so spolocnost'ou
vyrovnall,,-.: ».'A;-;nief toho ■ miesta,' .kde
by mohol'hradat'.'robotnik ochranu'.-a
nlet tbho.sudcui'ktor^ by prijal nejaku
2alobu; ^tym^menej'sa najde.'sudca,'
ktory. by;* dal frbbotriikovi nejake zados-
t'ucinenle.v"..''ZaTkonodarna. siidebvia"'a
ant trait* a7.cette.greve"urie couleui-'favorable aux' patrons. s'lls n'attaquent
pas ouvertement lesgRsyistes. Cecl
v'eut dire qu'en, s'abbnriant a ces journ-
a'ux.'Ie's ouvriers aident'au 'developpe-
ment, a .'extension'de leurs pires en-
nemis,' alors qu'ils orit neglige de sup-
pbrtter .les;, jburnaux qui sont* a *eur
service'quand Jils" orit des difficultes
avec les- explolteurs.' ;
'' Si los. ouvriers'*'s'arretaient iin moment pour conslderer.'serleus'ement,
cetto. question; 11 est probable qu'ils
s'abonneralent en -plus grand nombre
aux journaux qui leurdlsent do dures
vqrltes pour,les lnstrulre mats qui pre-
nnont lour defense des qu'ils sont.ob-'
Hgcs de lutter avec lours exploltours,-
Et's'lls s'abonnalent a cos journaux
ceux-ol' pourralont lour ■ donner slno'n
plus'do lecture pour lour argent. ,
-La-,'greyb do Lawrence vlent fournlr
iin oxempie frappnnt do co que'noua dl-
Bons plus. haut. . On peut facllemerit
compter sur les dolgts d'une main km
journaux Canndlons-Francals que'ont-
prlB Borleusemont la dofonso.dos grev-
Istos duns jusles et si 'minim;
os.i'ovondlcatlonB.     . * -*   •* >-      i-".-*
Prasquo tous moprlBont, calomnlont-
et-lnsult'ent les grovlstos ot leurs re-
proBontants. 7; • .
',i Nous avons doja en 1'ocnaBlon do
toiietter a dlvoi'HM. roprlBos 'dans * co
journal, un corlnln ;'Yan*Vnn noiiBdoii"
do WootiBookot, ot pour montror do
quelle facon co Josulto a robcourto
bavo sur Iob grovlatOB noua rt-prodyi-
sons on ontlor un ilo bob- articles dniiB'
la Tribune,'artlclo quo l'Relio de Now
nodford B'ost liato do reprodulro dana
sa pirgo,, do rodactlon. A Now Bedford ot a Woqnaookot II ya'doB-mll-
llorB'trouviiorB tout niiBfll volou quo
coux do Lnwroncb ot 11 no foudralt paa
qu'llH Btilvcnt l'exomplo do cob'der-
nlora ot, pour cola tout'on ndmottnut
quo In Bltimtlon ogt jnituvnlso ■ notro
Ynn ot bob parolla' ossalnnt do naUr
Ioh niojiourB et do Tnlro cvolro nn'uno
grovo n*n dluitro but quo d'onRralHsor'
cob dornlora flnna'apporlor lo iriolndro
BoulfiKonioiit aux groviHtos,   ,
Ynn rommonco d'nbord par dlro v>o
Iob Bocli.lli.tott. Be sont rnlH a colpor-
to* de',Iii dynnmlto ot ;. lancor <1cb
o crltB IricondlnlroR.
, lit Ynn f nit tout niiBRl blon quo r»ou*»
qu'll it, oto prouvo quo c'otalont ilirH
lnnomla doa grovlflto., doa ng-
ontB • iIob "patiw-n8 ,qul Bomal-
uui, i<t i->itui.iUo a l_iiv. reituv, una
ouvrlcra accui.t_) w._ vlo V.bvu-m, )v
BrevlflteB, ilea agents iIob pntronls qui
jiifte declarant qu'll* etft'ent vletlmes
d'nno ronsplrntlon, tnndln quo 1'ngont
do« patrons d«vrn, paaaor on juatlco,
-«»„..  , ,.i i. ,     .    ,    .     .   .
'""    »*'*    k>J^»    iv-vMl.    __.<)t-a   v»    Vl<UUI    I.J.-
thollquo 11 faut-qu'll callomnlo leu io-
ClnllBtOB,   ,
Pnuvro Yan, La niaroo montanto
du floelnllsmo no tardora paa a anh-
merger toua log calomnlatoura do votro
trompo. * •
Non Butl.falt d'avolr-calomnle lei
aoelnllaloa notre Van ne rrolt aiimkI
dan* l'obllgntlon do dlacrodltcr * le»
chofa do la grovo pour obtonlr un
aourlro flaltonr dea ej_p.ol.eur* do »a
Rcoulwle. "Quand |«s «rat«tir<—
lea pororaurt—aralent flnl d«s jwrlnr
lis vont dana tin hold do cbolx a'attab'
leur devant un mtccnlont Miipor...."
dq,'tamej§ich uhl'odolov,' vy tam uvl-
dite,'? hrqzy," ktort' d'alekb prevysuju*
"hrbzy*. sibirske. A predsa je: Am:.
erlka. na yonok zemou neohraniCitel'^
ne! svqbody,;.?. Bola, ale dnes nou yiac-
nie-jeVVAmerika bola zeinou syoDody-'
y-pr'vyclisyojich za5iatkochr- bola?nou;
^aklar^aetipznala" k_\pitalismu, prestala
iibu ale byt.Vtedy, kedyz plodila prve-
Iib.kapJtalUtu.    , .,,.*, .',77
. vi *■
*. -Chiedete la vostr'a giustizia per la
yo'atr_.v.cittadlnaza?   .,
A'despktpli from New York says:
Society men and*women! wb?o go down
into "the slums 'sometimes and get an
artificial view of the life* there,- admitted,* today they Hadn't slept well
aftqr. listening to,the story told last,
night by,little Rosie Schneldermaun,
tlie boss' of the vlaundry ' workers'
strike, tb the diners of the fashionable
Twilight Club.'
In evening gowns and full dress wo--
men and men of-society listened to
this .child.and then'gave her $500 and
promised "more for the striker's.'' '■,
/"You folks,come slummln'," Rosie
said, "and then go back and1 say us
girls can get along on the'wages„we
make. -But you.never tried to live,on
14 or $5 a week. * There's a girl 1
know; she's been married and she's
got'a baby she loves. She gets, $5 a
week, and I found her in a three-room
/flat that cost her ?8 a month. - She -
told 'me there wasn't' any'need'of fuel,
cause she'only .gets libfrie "Iii time'to
crawl into bed so she can get enough
rest to face another, day's1 work. For.
the same reason,- she doesn't need
light. . clothes?*1 'Huh! . She,never
expected'any! ,- "7. ' ' y   ' "'        ' :
"Some of "the girls do things that
are bad, and'you .blame "em—you w"ao
don't'know what it'is to want anything in the world. .They know want
—and they're not! to "blame when they
go bad." '    ,,"     • '■ * '
*-;' - «. . ,.'.*-•      a     -      ■   '    ■   ,
.. .„  :   ,"a just;claim,".'
Owner on Minimum.—Sir. A. B. Mark-
'",{' '."y ham84In Favor   ,     *
,- Slr.Arthus'B.Markham, director of
the Tredegar. Iron and Coal Company,
ina^speecli at,,Creswell,recently, supported the:miners' claims',for a minimum -wage:7 'The claim of the men?
he'Isaid,'was'ithat,,.where tlie forces of*
nature? preve'nted-ymen who had done"
a .'fair'yda'y'sy'^oirk..earning a dav.'s
wage", ? they ^liquid not go home' at
tlie'end of.the week with a starvation
yobecy.'v'.etci',. verejni ' ura'dnicl su
pochopovia kapitalu. Co tu sa robi s
roboti_ikmi,:y to>je slcutocne hanbou
dvadsiatehb s'tbroCia?" - J" "'■ *  '
■ V" Gebrgii^'su dozorcovia nad robot-
nlkmi bzbrojenivrevolvermi'a obuSka-
mi, ktore -su- vyllrfto olovom." Lotri
tito su Bchopnl. vielkeho: t Ked' by sa
snad' nlektory* robotnik zprotlvll, po-
va2uje",sa" nleSo 'podobneho zd vi-azed-
ny utok, a taky dozorca '|-ma pravo
takeho.'robotnlka na.miesto zastrellt'.
Takato vra2da nema pre dozorcu zia-
dnych,nasledkov. Cela.vec sa' vy-
svetll'Inak, ne2 sa v skutoCnosti udala.
ZayraZdeny .robotnik jo pochopml kapitalu bznaceny fo vrah, lotor a vyvf-
hql', }'ud_jl.ej, spolo.nosti, pred klorym.
boll 'd'ozprcbvla v ' stalora nobozpoCI
2lvota. V',' Robotnik sa.'sam ftlvlt' nc-
mpic., ppnevafi jo u2 mrtvy.'jeho spolu-
rqbotnlcl, aa' bojn svcdcitl proti pn-
chbpom, ponovaC by Icli Btlhnul ten
flamy^osud, a talc vraSSdla pochopovia
djalej, libz toho, aby, .nloktory z nlcli
boI;,za,to trest nny, ba Co Ion polcar-
hany. Zladny clvilisbVaiiy Clovelc hy
to'jiiu novorll, a pi'oilsa jo to pravda,  •,
NaJvaCfiou opot'Qti otrokjirskych kn-
pltflllatov bu "uradovno'yia aoopatro-
vanlo.prnc'o.' ' Kagila tnka qtrokarslta
flrma alobo nickol'ko tiikych ; flrl-
om apoloCno vydrZlavaju si v Now
Yorku alobo v nloktorqm tnopi prlqruy-
B|oyom niesto taku . "uradovnu" na
z'aopnl'rovanlo p'racb, Tu najde kaiidy
robotnik, ktory, Jo boz zambstnanla,
pracu.' Bl'ubujo aa coBtovno, vol'lin
m'zda, dobry byt, I'alika praca,' alo kod'
Jo liz robotnik raz v kllotko, vfietlfo'jo
Ion klnm,' Vtedy uz nlo jo onl cop-
tovno, placa Jo mlzorna, Bpnvat' mu-
gin robotnicl pod ftlrym nobom a prnou
Jo prlamo otrocka.
Still an til prlpnd, _* Istit tiowyork-
flka uradovna na HiiroBtrodkovntilo
praco zaproilnln. nlokol'korobolnlkov
do Vlrglnlo, kdo tloz otroctvo dopoilnl'
Jjbvyhynuto. Tito robotnicl boll dr*.
n'nl Jako v otroctvo, A nobolo moXtio
ujst', Konofno Jodnomu z nlcli po-
moliln' n'a Bvohodu manlolkn. Ton
potom poinohol na nvobodu ssus Inoinu
robothlkovl. Tito dvnjn Bpolbcno u6-
Inlll otnameiiio o torn, Co -.UubIII, alo
vfictko, Co bu Htalo, bolo, Xo sprogtred-
kovntol'ovl praco; • ktory loh do Vlrglnlo zaprodnl, bola odobrntn'llcniinln
•—otrolcarom bolo dovolono otrofilt' d'a-
. .Tnko Bponienutq otroctvo jo v Am*
ttH.L.   L\J, LtHLLtiV   VulttlumJUSi,   a.«i    V    MnM*
Iprnot'H Jcr-lvnjc Min v v:i.;citi3!c-J lonuv
v ilvnilslntlfh nmorlekych stntoch. Tie-
to ataty moJ.u dl'a lltery enkona pre-
nnjlmnt' trestnnrov Jcdnotllvym xn-
ineHtuavaUtrom r.n TiOct, donno, a' .in.
 l^.. ».^ . -Ii   .,t'if   *-.- -   *^«* . .     t       ,i i
none pravo nail «mrt'ou a llvltom takeho troBtnncii. Taky troitauoc-robot-
nik Jo nutony vykonnvat* praco, ktore
prcBflhnJu wily cloveka. A Jeatll Ich
noinoio vykonnvnt*. Jo blty, v innohy-
ch prlpadoch I Knblty. Til nlet nml-
lovunlii, «nl cllu, tu nlet odvolanln,
VSelky kradefe a vRetky tloElny. «r»a-
thano vletkyml r.lo?lncnml vo vRftky-
i-h itntorh, nlo au nlClm proti tomuto rlo-lnu otrokar«lva a aloCinu. ktore-
ho aa dopuXfa dvndiatf itator tevcro
*merlckej Unlo na avojlch obCanoch
tym, Ui Icb dovo!*uJu pmdaval' Jod-
hotllvyrn wme*tnnva^erotn. I.r>n
rhod'K** do Oeorale alebo do Alabamy.
This was"a claim?'which was Just and
reasonable,"and ihe,responsibility for.
the untold-1 sufferings-that would'-'take
place;if a'strike did occur, would rest.
not' on the miners,'but on the owners.
.Poor mines were either working- at
a Joss or'.ata'^bare margin of profit,
and they it waa'who fixed the'standard rate of. wages' of all the mines.
The consequence was that if the'own-
e'rs of these' mines raised their'standard of wages thoy -would have to,
shut'down'or produce at a;loss. If
other collieries raised tlielr rates they
would'probably havo to face commercial death.- ■ v But usually in practice
somo (othor speculators'como along
and buy? up , theso mines In ' the
hope ot a coal boom.   ,
It wWrepentedly' snld In tho press
that his (Sir"Arthur's) chief Interests
wore In largo, deep mines, arid thnt a
minimum' wage would not' a.fert his
pocket, niin 'statement waa qulto .untrue, Ilia Interests lu tho largo modern mines producing quantities of coal
wore, unfortunately for him, compn'm;
lively Bmall, and in point pf fact, n'
minimum wago would, with ono oxoop-
lion, nffect. nil tho colllorlOB whoro he
hold a majority of th'o.Bh.nrofl. , Mr.
Hnll, tlio Yorkshire minora*- ngont recently snld he omrht to practice whnt
ho pronchbd nnd pny 8b. per day' at
tlio conl face In' his own colllorlos.
Ho found on examination Hint, with
ono,exception, It. would-not, pny lilm
to do ho, nnd he would ho gliiil to
provo this with IiIb books to,Mr, Hnll,
IIo would, However, Kindly nilm* IiIh
wngo* If IiIh pompolltlorH woro brought
up to nomowhero nbout tho ftamo Htnn-
IIo wnn not tiBlininod of tlio wngen
pnld In IiIb own colllorlnn. He could
not -profnBB to know whnt wero the
weekly wokob pnld to «omo M.flOO men,
hut lio did know the Instruct Ioiih glv«u
to tlio mnnngorB nt nil thoao rnlllerloB,
nnd (hoy woro Hint whero men hnd
dono n fnlr day'B work tliey Bhould
hnvo their wagon mndo up tn Hie full
district rnton calculated for tho nvor-
ngo of tlio month,
At mnny mine* In thl» country (horo
wns no nllowanco ovon fo men who
hnd done a fnlr dny'a work, nnd thorn
woro thousands ot men who owing to
Abnormal plncoa woro getting Ir. pnr
tiny and lean, but not In this dlatrlet.
Tf hn know nnvthlnff nbout mlnon.
thoy hntod Injustice, nnd would not
boo tholr fellow* put upon. (Hunr,
hear.) That accounted for tho re-
suit of tli-jlr1 ballot. Tlielr flret courfco
oimht to be n drift In tho
rank*, o. tho maatora who would not
be renrty to fflve tbo renHonnhk' w/iKf,
nnd If thoy ttould get tho majority ta
rIvo wny tlm ro»t would want no hoi-
Inj,, (LniiRhtor nnd npplnuRo). 1.x-
trcme mon nmong thorn any "down
tool*," but,If tlicro wn* n complete
e'l'l*.'. tt would Mit n blazo thnt no nm
couM Btop, and appalling lufforlng
would follow.   Tlie South Wulca V.i lio.
Dr. de Van's Female Pill*
bt* f rttieit wgttUtyf i un r
e-.-Mlogi_ pow«ilut In ri
AidUbl*frttieliTfgul-ttvfiMitrUt].. TIcm
pilli tr« ei.ttdloglf powerful in rtgulillng ih.
fit>fT-,i,,i»f'*rt*MiMl>(*lw-i_V ti»uw. h-ffif.
i.l thttp imiuiloM. fir. rt* Tu'i „r« m\-I At'
• lit i>. »r nrrij f-if rtrt.   1.4,I( -t '■! v\\ a.'!
>^yy '■    " ,   (Continued from page 10)., .""*_•/••■     r,   ,     .    ".-
. " Northern field, and ascertain "as'%tb the advisability'of .organizing tUatj..--.
-,:-.! field,' I" respectfully submit* for'? your consideration 'the result of • my.:'-'
"7'   mission to thev Edmonton district'and' the 'Jasper, Park Collieries' Ltd.,  '
,    the latter being two'hundred-miles'.west'of Edmonton.   ','      j   •* - "7
- v'/Mines In and Around Edmonton with'Number of'Men Employee! at Each  -.",
Clover?Bar Coal Co., ,100 menf spur track into mine. ' ^ ' .-
; "Humberstone 80 men; shipping.    "'" ,  ''    " ;     --•--»'     a ;';'
i   vl   City Mine,'50 men; shipping.     ■ ,     1,        ■  ' '     '   ,*   P"    7"
-y""'   Dawson^and Hyndman, 60 men;{shipping.-.    * "   ^ , ■ "•' '-      *s.-7
y 5   Frank'M|ne,'12 men; snipping.  •'.-,.'       ' ~S    "'".'*";   7
y"   Pew small mines near*G. T. P. Bridge (about) 70 men;^shipping,   f    '
7.    Twin CitytMine, 40 men;'shipping.     All paid day wage.      * '.    -
.-.-   * Great'West Coal Co.,"l00 men; shipping',"1 '.,-.-.       .'■
\7."WbiterS/tar,,Cb}-70.pien; sVpplifg.' '.   *..   .'   '    ,-;•>."-.•    .  ,"-   .*     y
■All paid day wage.' "       7; .    , ? ' y
There are 600 men or over employed In and around Edmonton, which r
<■ L believe'could be organized"with: little "trouble.- ' '-' •'•
-    ,.On careful enquiry regarding* the Camrose, or what is known'as the
, Round Hill district, there are at present over 300 men employed; there •
'   • are spur tracks into three of the mines.   Before the year Is 'over, in .
Camrose district alone there will be seven companies shipping.    At- -
•~' tehtio'n ought to'be paid to this part bf the field", which lies convenient,"
•   . to Edmonton.* ■- ' .      "   '•      " y
Now wo'look to the great coal fields west of Edmonton. '     *
In the Brazeau thoro are four companies developing fast.     At the  ,
present tlmo there are twenty-two miles ot track completed from the
main line of tlie G. T. P. from a point west of Edmonton known as
"Mile*Sixteen:;'     This'track will bo,completed to the collieries this
|. month.-  There are about 200 raenl employed at present.    Eighty miles
• "  further south of the* Brazeau^fs the Yellowhead Pass, which Is going
ahead fast.     Railway,track is being pushed,ahead and everything
looks as tf these companies will be shipping conl; In large quantities
' before Fall.     As near,as'I can find.out tliere will be'three railway
companies'in there this Pall. , It promises'1 to be one of the largest
y coal producing fields in the west.     The number of men employed as
near as I could ascertain is about 200.    At the present time there are
a. few thousand tons,of coal stocked on the ■surface.'
y We now come to the Jasper Collieries Ltd?', which is over 200 miles   "
;-, .west of Edmonton.-. -There are about',J50, men employed here.   They ,'
..*., ; arc shipping 400'tons daily.'■-There are 15 workmen's houses erected,
and contract is let for another 70.   * The workmen were started on ".
, ,.; when ,1 was, there,'.. 'This company Is .putting themselves in good shape' '
■'>   for a-large output.    'There are seven seams of coal, varying from 21   ■
;,     to 4-feet.     This same company is opening up another mlno on the"
other side of the river.*   I might say here that tho men have an agree-
-'  "ment signed with'the company which is the best I have yet seen."The
>average wages of the men is.around $7,00 per day."   The jiieii^ar.e an- ,
xious'at this camp to be organized; most'of them are old members of ■ •
the District.     I-b'elieve this District ought to get busy and organize,,
this camp and, take over "the agreement now in existence. ,7 In' con-
- elusion I would say, after, having taken in the whole of this'field, and
looking into the future,' I"believe it-would be in the best interests of-
.  '. this District to organize, tne..wbole, field and make a sub-district of it to
District 18.-    Orie-r€ason'*'for'm'y-tad'vbcafting this'is its distance from '
*  headquarters, which is,700 miles:■   Another reason is this:* if this field
,is organized it, is important that a man be placed there.    I.don't believe
it is'pbssible'for it to be a success'otherwise. *  Excuse me, in my last'
,  -   remarks, .but as a late board "member and having this District at heart,
',   J;thin!. ,ln a11 dl?e respect vtp" the membership in-that part of.the field,
"we should get in and organize lt or'leave the whole thing alone.   * - -
,   In closing, I,wish the, Executive Board .of District IS, A Happy New
'. Year and success in all their deliberations'.     "' ' , .     -,
For 8*fa
Vijtnt Co., «t. fnitiArlnv.- Ont
at Dlaaiiiifl'B Drug  Stert.
.Fraternally, yours,
(Signed)  DONALD McNAB.
-     r?     r-     r—.n | uysi E ~i M^N IE^TT^lEZY-37" "^7^        ~?
To jeuize zadna ugoda nie egzystuje pomledzy nimi ale z zjednoczd-,
ncml gornikaml w Americe nie otrzymajazandnc-y' korzyscl."     .
^ Hillcrest 8go Lutego (specl'alna .wldbmpsc District Ledger.)— Kilku
z'.wielu robotnlkow litpry-.mleli zakrutko .Bwojej wyplaty naswojich-.' >'
(statements)   rachunkach,   zaskanyll "Western  Canadian  Coal   Com-
panie, i na*poparclo swej sprawy.odniosll sie do ckgystujacej ugody .''
.pomieuzy  zjedpozonomi ^ Gornikaml-, a Kompanlami  Wegll.   Sprnwa
byla przesluchlwana w Blairmore i adwokas osknrz'onych.w obronnydi
•argumentneh dowodzil ze Sknrracy.nle naleza do unll 1 dla tego nie'
moga sie domngnc zndnyeh "wnronkow znwastych w.ugodzlo, ponlowaz
ugoda byla zawnrtn z Kjeduoczon yml Bora'koml Dial i_, I wlaBccrvjnmip
A wlec robotnicy .nlo nnlezacy do unit nlo maja zadnoj ugody llq-im
ma placic kompnnla. "   •> •    .
l'o powyzszych argumentneh sad uziml owe wywody osknrzonych, I   "
odzuc.i gprnwo.      7
, (Speclale nl Glornald del Dlsetrctto)
IIILLCHEST,' 8 Fobbrnlo.—Alcunl Invorntorl cho sop stall pngatl dl
mono nl Blntlmontl nnno in corto la Western Cnnudlnn Coal
Company.    K In,loro causa anno portnto avnn(| regi'lmcnto die eslste
fra 1'unlono o I 'rom'nndiintl delle mlnlcro.     l.a cnuwu fu 'tenuln Iii
, Ulnlrmoro dove l'avvocato cho illfondovn la Compngnla (IIhbo tutti I
'• lnvornntl che non funno parte nll'iinlonp non ninl potlobhoro reclnmnro
,* la glornata che o scrlttn BUll'grlmenlo.    Questo porBono che non fnnno
pnrto nll'unlono non vl « nessuno ogrlmorito die ln Compngnla dovo
pngaro le loro glornnto.    Dopo, urgomontl temitl In corte 1 dlfenzorl
nnno Bospeso'ln cnuBn."" ■ ' ,       .  .
TnttI coloro cho nnno 11 voto.
So niulnto In com. ul voBtrl dlrlltl non gunrdnto lo porHono cho por-
tuno hi rlHn li) fncco e'vl dnftno la'mano una vpltn ogni tro mini e iml
o tutti finllo,
(.wiindo voi-i-n il tempo votnlo por 11 vontro Compngno.
Lumber for
It    . :'^^'"4*r,-l_l"_-i^.,..y'
orriOE and vand, MeCHBaaot. AVt., o*p. a. n. oipot, ranNii
And Nothing but tho Bost In Froih
and Snnokod Moats, Frost, and
Smokod Flgh, Dairy Prodiieo, Poultry
Etc. Etc., aro to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
li«Ti> lit it. n ivy time, mitl in any
'.mill!It}',1 Veil cannot HWiimp
iih willi a lnrnit ord#>r, <ir glvo
tin ho hiiiiiII a ono thnt wo will
not iiUi-iKl to It,
for any  kind of building you
mny be nt work upon,   Hnvo
u» M'tiu   .uu   v,iu_i   >_iu   wain
Hhilt )vu li,.,.!. ii.
"*Aj it*. CTftt-Tta.-g-ja^j
'7V-KV-, -> *'
.. *.'-■
'" A  '•._-"    ^    '". >-="•£ s"
'    * ~       -      **-        1*
' •77^^i,;\^^^ry^'1^i **K$^£y v^y7^y^-^^^^-' *7- 7<7v^^=7
,.- !VV:,f*\'7, '-y-fc-y-yy 77?^-'yyy-y.--^:' Sy. yyv^-Ty ~ 7'^:7^7
,...   ^. * -^j , -;:„*y^ ,. \..:v~„^ ■  ,ylfry^\ , y. -y^7>    '--7*y--'"      ./      «■* A-,* V? ^
^ - -     .^ '    ■ ' . , Vl.    * .       ,-,,,., .   * ~   .        .'     v   ki    ,.   .. -- i. ^     ,..   >
I' -
If ■-
lv •
I? * -
' v," ' • *■
R ' 7'H
I*,,'-'' -•)
li ..
t u_
High Grade Kid Gloves *p&ir
*    Good;quaHty. real French Kid, equal in yalue to moat gloves sold at.'.$1.50.     These gloves?are
made by one of the most reliable Kid Glove maim   facturers and'Yare"as perfect in fit and style as'the"
mctst exclusive makes.7>      ' •* _, -      ' 7   ,- >"*  ',, 7.7 '      .7      "     y-   '       .-,-'="'
Light, Mid; Dark Tana and Browns, in all sizes from 5% to 7%.' * Black>in sizes 5y3, 5%, 6'KB\i.''
A few pairsP of Black Mousqiiitaine, in size 6Vi 'only.,' These Gloves^were originally $2.25;,.now-
95c. <' o -■ r'-*   - * *    ' \ i •   • -,      >
-"• - -  . -*■•,,*,.'
■    _    •• 7 • „    '7    ... . n   t ■
Cashmere Hose 45c a pair
-< - ■' . . . ,%; -.
•-'- '     ' , ' "   ' ".  " '*     •' ' *      ■ -';
- In Tans/Browns .Cardinals and Black; in fine, ribs and plain. ,  A beautiful soft,' pure wool Hose.-
Regular value to 65c.     We have only'a'limUed number of pairs and you don't want to be late for '
~this genuine special." ".'./.... ."46c. -.a',pr. >•'   '}'    S      '. *.,7 '    "
Sale Gontinties
, - i-.,.-,--.   -    v, .,  >. i-     -      • ..'>-'      >'-- •      -'   '„-.■-"■* r-'
y   See 'ourSpecial Corset Covers at 65 and 75c
'We have other qualities; both cheaper and higher.* Jbut we believe?these to' be'1 extra good buys.-,;'
' *-  '  -   y .  ' ♦' .■■',2.'*" -  •'■ ■-,-'- N  - - '77"-:7. ~y-.    "y ,   '",''"
'   "Now is the season to secure your-white Under- wear, as'there1 is,Vo .Westion aboit getting your .' '.
correct size"at the price you pay. -       ,     *   . *.     ■  ' *        -■-•-.
.; ,*i  '.j' ;   - -;
-  -  i'. . •   r .
i*, ? <
t   ,>»
'. J     \
Ghlldren's Whitei)
,. . ''   ■   -,    *      *'       - -   "*-■■•' i"\ '
■ ' _-     -*■'.-'.-...'    -•■-■-1      'i „ -°     .     *     ,y ',     "'-.'!\,'7ii',\     ,
'*•», A.splendid assortment of Slips, Skirts' and Night' Gowns for all.ages.-,' ". U .,fl «
',''?'?      <       ''       '. '"    "' f ,    ' '        -      '     •■    |-       *  ' :7'"i* ,-">y-' ■ ".!■'
' This is your opportunity so iriake.tlie1 bejStiibf'i|;     Every.dollar;:^
-\v \     :spent,riow means bigger valiies;and;m6re economy -   ;:r .y|?C w
Saturday Specials
* '"y77.v,''-y/;y%'-
Mixed-Biscuits, -,T..', \v*.. A. ••'•*•<«'*'. all V-
v .V'Corn Plakea,-<3^foir-.. yy... .v".; ;;V.'. «V.;;' 78!;^
*7? Post Toastiea, 3 fo? .-?/- -.;'.;-. .V^. ?i\~.5£:;??■} ill1 *'
?' Robin Hood Oats, 5;lb pkgs with china.7..,.    .SB
■    ."Cocoanut,' bulk,' per lb.'^ r.v,','..,.,". y7.v.". i.".'^^''..!!'*^.1-
.Ontario'?CloverrHo-_ey,' 1 lb. pots,.......i:\'iS-M-y-
-?'' Lowney's,Cream Chocolates. perlb>-':...'.r.V.*>-.IO- T.
"Sterling-Extracts,. 2 "os. .v. ,\. ;•.;.'.. ;•.."';'.'.*;" .lOy-i
.,    Lombard Plums, 2 lb. tins, 2 for'. .„...;'....:-_*_S5 ;
*7'"   Blueberries, 2 lb. tins, 2 for ..'.-'..,.'... ..<:.■;'*. •'* ,2Bi7-v
•    Pie Fruit, Assorted, 2 lb' tin .,....,..' 7.. ..r. v   .10. A
> •   »    , -*y ■.     - -      -**■.,     -•      .. .   <_-
Australian Valencia'Raisins, pe'rilb. ..77/....7-.10 ;.,.
■ , Evaporated-Prunes, 2 lb.' for ...*.. V..-. .*.'. /.7,.25
Evaporated Apples, 2 lb. for7 .'.'.-.'.. .7. *, ;__•' *?
*,     "■' ,. * •"   -.'   ■>*    y •     - * **■  • ?■ 1- >    *-,t' -. *
*   Self-Raising Pancake Flour, .2'lb. pkgs., 2 for y.28 ',".
- * *    **  .' ">'; ■* *"     ,"*.•"•' -.*{*x'y 'ii*   <* ,V
'■' ''Cross-'and Blackwell's Jam., 1-lb. .pota ''.Sr.. ...M1',
<',...    *   , <       v      .'.,''.,*-  -■';-■ -.*. *J» V"-1 '"' -
""    -Cross and Blackwell's Jam 2 lb.'; pots 7.;.'.'?; .-.-yAS.y
'; ^ -Lamp Glasses, AT and B7sizes,3 for ';'..V?.7.y,?>__fi7.-V
' ■ *Lard, 3 lb.-pail ....- .-. .7 .*,.'.;\.■*."*.'.*;.7'V'.*""* .B0..>.
.'7i'7Bae..f_' hp'r-lb'   •* r »''. " ■" 7;?.-Vft* -V-"/-  '■<'"?■"- JO-?;-..1
--7*" •   v - 7 ••■_'-' .    n ••" n    "*■ -. «..   ','w,i'fw.(v 'tv-'.rV
, ,*.:' Olives, per\.bpttle  ...' '...;.. \ .25>,;
*     ,'-   *,     y} ',-*-?-1 .<-- -.--,    ■_■ ^«^.,v,,.lT    v\, > <.-.iy
,"7yPork and Bifeans;-2*lb. tins, S-for-r-.s'.'-^v?.-: J*#*.25™_v*
!?,^Baby^ Oiwk'SQap, p?r box-f.jjV.iKVjV*Ov^',w8d' ,.^
■. Large\Fowi;\per 'lb. r. .7...........;.., .fc.„;.".«yV>A.*_B*{._
y ?; Braid's B^^Tllh!' tin. \,^/. yiV^'riC7;7-id'y
X :*.'-Gold■ Standard;Tea,"3'lb. -for ■' :'....".*.JlfoO^'l
' 1 ;'yTomatoes, 2 lb.■ tins,'-2*for'?**:r..-;-.-.;■.:..7...y, .25 '7
-' -   Cambridge Sausage; 14b^:tins.'2 fory".-.^77.  ,".45'l>
*.   , Lemons,1*per doz. .y.-.-....-....i' .......y ..25;.,?;
,-*-1.    Oranges, .per doz , :.. _\ ..25,' .30,; .35 and, .40. ':
,.. , Jelly-Powder, '4 for . .* :,;...-.._. 7.. 7.."",'*25"-. -"
■ Vis; ■ Vl.--    . '     -L .w-7.   '?    .' , "V.---       -*t; ■■- ■**.*•
...,. Ammonia, pints, 2 for v .v.-i ."*(.:-.-.': .-..£'_-. *..-...: ,f .25^*;-
■•'   '-.(■'   ,'.*•■*   a,,"*  ,   ,,  ,-,. --,  , ^.^y,j.'>y*     . -'^i      -i *
£.*'-.. -,
-i.-*' fi.
'  ' i.   .. .
TTT^ 'j-JT- —
-,,,'   -"-J •"! ■  VVf,  '_   IV;
•3 w ■*ft x -,' v'i
•?*-' ■*.
wy ---„•■<-_,:
Here and There
-'The regular meetings of the S; P.
of C. will -l)e held on Sunday next.
Tlie Economic Class in the afternoon!
from 2.30 to 4.30; _tnd the Propaganda
Meeting In tho evening, commencing
at 7.45 in the basement .of tho Miners'
Hall. All' those Interested" In' the
."question of the day" are cordially invited to attend. '-      *,
," C.M.S. and ,A Socialist From Necessity and a Christian by Conviction.—"
Your .communications have,'owing to
'lack;of space, boon unavoidably hold
over, until next week.       • >•" *,»    7
Chief of Pollco Hall has ouspondod-
Sergeant Bowen and tho caso will
como up beforo tho Pollco>.-
sloncrs today or tomorrow.
,Aftor playing Cranbrook on their
own Ico to a draw 4—4, tho Fornlo
team made good on Fornlo Ico last
night by defeating tho visitors by 8
to fl. A fast but by no moans clean
gamo was witnessed by tho largo
orowd that turned out. <■
The Impromptu social given by Locnl
No. 17, S, P. of C. proved vory sue
Ojossfiil, nnd bodes woll for futuro
events of a similar character wlmn
moro tlmo can bo dovotod to preparation for tho ontortalnmont of raombors
nnd visitor... , A musical programme
wan rendered, refreshments nerved
and dancing Indulged In until 12,30,
Tho comrados wish to ojctond their
ttinnki. to thoso whose assistance contributed to tho success of tho ovonlng.
'    - AT THE GRAND *   .
For Friday nnd Snturday night this
popular plnco of amusement Is producing on« of the strongest programs.
Pnrtleulnr attention Is pnld to tho
eMnfort of thn house and the perfect*
U6n of the projection.
Tho features for to-night nnd tomorrow nlghtH are: Pntho's Weekly (New
York edition) In which wo can see
pletorjally Iho moat Important events
of tbe week.
Iu.»_> X.ttnjci._4i urn. ,sir, Ardiur, tho fi.Vft.l.<>.. nf movlr.'; X-Ip-
tnro patrons, nro soon ot tholr bimt
In a drama "Tho Gipsy," A Wonturn
plctuiv, itnd "Tbe Regeneration of the
Anhrho Kid." "fllrdfl of a Fonthor,"
"Tho Adventures of n.Hoby,' nnd tho
"Btokn Dog." am three roTr-if-dlM thnt
wnt innke you laugh It your face li
not enamo.od,
•Tho mnnngemont Is now mnklng nr-
rangemonts for tho production of tho feature reel thnt has over
boon produced In Fernie, ono that hns
taken nearly six months In preparation
and Involved nn orp'.ndMiirf. nf mom
than ISOOO.pOO. Particulars will be
announced shortly.
■ Louis" Stockett, * manager" of* the
Hosmer Mines Ltd.,* has been appointed'general superintendent of the'coal
mining branch of the Natural Resources Department of.the C. P. R„ with'Calgary.   . '   .   '
The announcement that the B. C.
legislative Assembly will bo prorogued
before the end of the month squares
with private advices to the effect that
dissolution and a'general election' will
follow immediately, 'the latter early in
April.   -    ■ •        -..:..-     -.-.*..
.'Esther Rebokah Lodge No. 20 Fernie
v/ill hold'a box social at their lodge
room, K. P, Hall, on Friday1 evening
to-night, 23rd at _*: p.m.' TJhe proceeds
from this affair are to bo devote',
to tho "Homo1 Furnishing Fund" of
tho t. 0. 0. R, a worthy ebjoct and
deserving of hearty support. Tha Re-
hpkahs of Fernie are woll known as
good entertainers, and tho forthbom-
lng gathering will find them as good
pb ever. Tho admission Is only 25c,
so that all can afford to attend and
spend a pleasant evening,
_____        '
- Wo tako thb following from the Nelson News;
Not long ago the mlnos nt Coal
Crook.turned put n llttlo moro than
4,0000 tons In ono day and the MIohol
mines put out 1,000 the Hamo day,
This total of a llttlo over r.,000 tons Is
tho high water mark for Uioho mines.
If thoro woro no difficulty In sociir-
Ing cars or In keoplng a market It
would ho onfly to bring tho yenr's out
put up to l,r.00,000 tonB. ' Tho quality
of tho product of those mines hns nlno
undorgono n gront, Improvement; tho
coal coming from tho mlnos much
froortof rock than formorly. At tho
last,pny dny nenrly $140,000 was distributed In tho two camps and the
effoot of such dlabursomonts of cash
ls(bolng felt In nil linos of business.
THE 1818
Popl,Room,8 and-Picture Shows
'''■,"     Discussed ,
Souvenir programme will be given
away at the Ills on Wednesday and
Thursday next when tho 2,500'foot
film "Romeo and Juliet" will oelhown.
Tt Is not ofton that hundreds of peoplo nro ko'!>t waiting outside a movln-r
1-leturo show for wnnt of room maidi,
This was, howovor, tho cobo on Wednesday evening last at tho Tela., From
nbout 7.30 p.m. until nftor 0 p.m. a
*, 1.. t, . t.    .       .   ^ , 1   ,.    ,,
.,.(,.....1   ...,_._,_.* »-,_ik<_u -.,,u w-i wiviiUO
until It was so crnmnM'd that It rnnli.
hold no moro. Tho orowd outside
were pntlont and waited till the next
show started, Tho attraction was
"Dante's Inferno," nnd everyone seemed to be anxious to seo whnt thoy
were In for, In addition to this pic-
v]»M uui.i. -wuru wivwi olherH, mi of
wlilch seemed to please the vast audiences. For the coming wook the
great nttrnctlon will be "I.oirw>o nnd
Juliet," nnd no douht n humpor houso
will groot this populnr SlmkOBporoan
pleturo piny, Tho'film Is 2J500 feet
long. Tho programme for to-night,
arid to-morrow's mut.liK-o nnd evening
Is: "Lieutenant Itoso nnd tho Roy 111
Vlslf," "U'ontern Ono Night Stand,"
"!_ocn»t«," or "In tho Days of Nero,"
nnd "Get "Rich Quick,'
Seo Romeo and Juliet nt tho Isis on-
Wednesday and Thnrsdny next.
. The meeting of the Council was held
in the City Hair on Thursday evening
with Mayor Bleasdell in the chair and
all the aldermen .present; with the 'exception of Alderman.*Robichaud, who is
absent from the^ city.
After the'minutes of the previous
meeting.had been read nnd passed, the
Council got'down to business.    ", -
•The City Electrician was instructed
to furnish*credentials to partlos appointed to read the ■, meters for tho
Electric Light and Power Department,
Engineers' Batethan and Brown are to,
have their wages equalized, so that
oach will now receive $100 per month,
an Increase of $10 per month for, the
former and a decrease to the same
extent for tho latter. Tho appointment of the drJver,for flro team wasr
ratified, and his'^'remunoratlon agreed'
upon as $75 monthly for three months,
subject to an increase to $85,per month
If his sorvlcoB'provo satisfactory., ,'
Various amendments to by-laws wero
then considered and. paBsed, dealing'
with finance, Ice for cold storage nnd
other purposes.etc. , -
The by-law for tho regulating of
pool rooms, which restricts persons
undor tho ago of 18 frnquontlng such
places nnd'ImposoB a fine not exceeding $100 and costs ,or a jail sentence
not to exceed thirty days 1 (with or
without hard labor, subject to tho do-
olslon of tho magistrate) upon the
owner of theso resorts guilty of Infringement ' of this by-lnw, wns duly
panned after scant discussion,
It was also decided to Instruct the
ehlof of pollco to boo thnt the picture
shows did not opon tholr doors until
8.30 p,m, on Sundny ovenlngs, nnd that
tlio programme did not commonco boforo 8,415 p,m. , Tills prevents nny
dashing with tho churches,
The mooing was then doclarod nd«
journod. ,
Tho Council decided to compensate
Lnsallo, who wns Injured whilst In
tlio employ of tho cltv, lo tlio evtont
of $200 without prejudice to any action
thnt mny bo tnkon in tho mattor.
sobiAL|ST8iwVgV'' '.'"
'   "    . . ALLOWED TO SPEAK
J •,'■ -sr-.y ' -,*.fiE.' **,' .*        ■      .7-
Vancouver Police' Commissioner'Per-
,'mlt Orderly Meetlngsto Be Held
', ...   . :in One City Squire
' VANCOUVER,'7-B 0.\ :l"'eb. ■ 18,~For
ths}'*'flist time slnre. the,"fr?e-speech
RgiLation. meotinsj. wove' allowed today,- l_ut upon only one city square. A
cro.wd of nearly, 10,000 gathered but
thero was no disturbance and no arrests'. Tho crowd was-unusually large
owing to a report that two companies
of ,the ' Sixth D.C.p.R., regiment had
beens ordered to hold themselves In
readiness'for an expected disturbance,
Tho commissioners are still determined not to allow streetmeetlngs but
will allow meetings on one city'square
so long as they aro In, moderation.
' No seditious or .inflammatory orations must' tro mado and speakers
must conduct thomsolves in an orderly manner as promised.
.LONDON;—One of the most prominent' features in labor cir'oles'la'st*" year
,was .the, number bf .str'kes^whicb .-prevailed, In-the coal mining industries
employment was very .good-on .the
whole; *, the ^engineering .trade'; was
very ..good/ From -statistics available
from the"Board of Trade?it is,reported
There ,'were 864 trade 'disputes, involving—directly" ' or" ^iiidirectly-—931,050
workmen,' The stoppage of work exceeded the, average Jor,' the past ,ten,
years/ ,\Thero is nothing strange'In
this greater ac-lvfty^from the fact
that workmen realize that they stand
a greater chance of raising their wages and shortening their hours when
worlyls good than when it Is not, and
tnis" haB been .the reason why the
English'workmen have entered those
WASHINGTON, D. C„ Feb, 10,—Tlio
United States Department of Labor In
Its Dally Consular and Trade Roport
prints the following extract of a roport
mado by William Washington "Brunswick- vice, consul at UhoninltE.-show-
U.ii .,_»* b\j\tiiiiiiuui otwii-fftiiip u. die
coal fiolds In tho kingdom of Saxony
bus booh a benefit to the people,
Tlio acquisition of the brown-coal,
lands o,f tho I-Olpjilg district Is a stop
ku -Iiu fcifcu-n*'. un-.« u. Hit. noviir.mien.,
to own and .opornto nil conl lnnds In
tbo kingdom of Saxony, |   \
This Is an Important economic mon-
suro, ns the plan of tho government to
keep such lands In rcservo will Insure
th» preservation of n Inrgn ronl territory for future generations and assure
th* working ef tbn fMJdn In a reffular
and systematic manner,
The acquisition of nn extensive area
at Klerltssch will bo considered by tha
Baxon Parliament nt Its next session.
Mo'ns, France/Fob. 10,-Strlklng
minora horo woro bayoneted by troops
which,,woro cent out to "quell disturbance..'' Two of thb minors were klll>
ed outright by tho soldiers. * n
This precipitated great indignation.
Tho cltlzons and tho strikers united
against tho soldiers nnd for a tlmo
tho mllltla waB forced to bronk ranks,
But as tho soldiers wero armed,
while tho miners hnd to fight with
barb bunds the civilians soon found
themselvoB again attacked by tho mill"
tary. Mnny woro wounded In tho
socond encounter and further trouble
Is.'oxpocted, Tho unwarranted attack
by tho soldiers has aroused tho minors
to fury.
BEAUMONT, Texas, Feb, 20,—The'
sovonth of a oorles of crimes In which
20 negroes havo boon murdered, occurred noar hero on Sunday night or
early yesterday morning.  Ethol Lovo,
n nflFWHH hor nnn nrtd fivrt rirmphtorn
woro slain as they slwpt In their cabin.
Tho sovornl murdors havo ocoiirrod
In southwestern Loulsana and southeastern Texas,, nnd In each Instance,
havo boon commlttod with nnnxe, nnd
after each kllllni. tho nxn hns neon Inft
near tlio bodies. Authorities, bollovo
the samo persons nro risponslblo and
sovornl persons hnvb fjoon nlrrostod
but evidence to hold,tliom has boon
lacking. . in nlmost; pv.ory enspjho.
blacks slnln havo boon „ obseuro rosl«
dents of KiniUl sottlomantn,      ^   .-„-.
, r • :,"."-£
With tho denth of Alexander .Tonss,
tho editor of tho Volksseltuni. of New.
York, the Socialists losa. another
thoughtful and weariless worker In tbe
cause of tho peoplo.
*        1 *»» -      ■* Hi,
Do you' know how many words in
the'English language moan "crowd"?
Tb a foroignor, anxious to master tho
language lt was explafnod that a crowd
of "ships Is formed a floot,' whllo a
fleet of sheep Is tormed a flock. Fur-
tber^a flock of girls Ib called a bevy,
a, bo'vy, of wolves Is, called a pack,
and a pack of thtoves Ib called a gang,
and a gang of angels Is called n host,
and a host of porpolsoB Is called a
shoal, and;a shoal of buffaloes Is call*
ed a hord, and' a' hord of ohildron Ib
c'allbd a tropp, and'a troop of partridges Is called a covey; nnd a
covoy of benutios Ib called a galaxy
and a galaxy of ruffians Is called a
horde, and a hordoof rubbish Is call*
od a henp, rind a honp ot oxen Is
called a drovo, and a drovo ot blackguards Is called a mob, nnd a mob of
whales Is called a school, and a school
of worshippers Is called a congregation, nnd a congregation of engineers
ls called a corps, and a ;corps of rubber's Is,called a band, nnd a band of
boos Is called a swarm, and a swarm
of peoplo Is enllod ,n orowd |
n v. -
^,*v -*^s
, i
*■'- !.-
* *       .  _."■' f r"
?; i-7iww
'¥ -, '    -,   f   -   -.  mbi 'v ntrnrni —,i^ -^iww', w -.''    •      ,   "•-,.,        ^-,'r   '*
■    ,>-'*     , H" .-.'  -'   fc.r    77   *>•/  ■:.• y   ^ rl    ^\,|.  .
.br'bco'tch7.^,-:.::.':.:..-;:>i '^^r^r'*'V^ir ;
20C; a Ib
CHOCOLATES, etc.  .'...' ......J    'T   ... "     'T"'N"l"'l" r
PURE ..--.-
URH HOREHOUND. in large,sticks, Special, per-lb. ,..".....,".V. . .25 7
"     ■    o  < . •  *.,",  y ' -   y- v   -*
■■■a.      t.t V^      .     •!. i•     \
\T7___i!4._!_____. _«___   1j_» J m .,>"-_
Papatarles, regular' .35 and .40 'box, Special,' 'per box '., ,7; 7,...'.','.'.,. 25 T
Cambric Linen, regular .20-and- ,35,'Special ,..,.....;..... .15 an* .25 |
Ideal, .15 and .26, Special   .' -  .10 Mi M .
Mdean's Driig & Book Stor^Sl
'"•">* .\im
i•?.'*<: [J
s- ii
Classified Ads.-Gent i Word
TO RENT—Concretd block House;
0. rooms, "Apply Win. Mlnton.Llnd-
say Avo., Annex. . -    .
A randldnte, n,ftf>r ndrtrVanlnt; n unept-
Ing, announced his willingness to nn>
nwor quostlons, "Sir, do' you think T
am worth moro thnn 22s, a week?"
' Tho candldnto .taking a good look
nt' him   ropMort,   "V/ill,   T   tj.««j,-   »i
any yato, you nro not getting too
much." 1
!'Woll, thon, demanded tho questioner,' "do you think I am worth thirty
bob ,n wook?'! ,    . y, y
"Yes," rospondod tho candldnto, "I
donk..,think thnt nt all an unreasonable wage for you."
"Thon," shouted the «Iee.or,'1r{-
rnnphantly, "I wish you would toll
that to thb old skinflint beside'you
In tho chair, became he Is my employer."
or Cyphers' Incubators in goodn condition; also 0 Indian Runner Ducks and
Drnko, and 200 Whlto Orpington Pul-
Jets.  Albert Davies, Fornlo, D.O, tf-24
FOR SALB—Houso on lot 0, Dlook
62, Annex. Apply R. Corner, Dox
274 Nanaimo, D. C, or 482 Fornlo,
FOR SALE.—New Raymond Cabinet Sowing Maohlno; noiseless and
easy to operate.. 1 Cost, 976, will sell
vory ch<.ap or exchange for good hand
machine and, oaih bnlanco. Apply,
J. I, Rowso, Lot 7, Dlook 01, Ohlpman
Avonuo, ",      . /
t FOR RALE—Eight-roomed, modern
Houso on Maopherson Avenuo; all con.
venloncos, etc; prlco 81,700 for. houso
on 80 by 120 foot, lot. .oj, ♦2,000,for,
houso on full lot (00 by, 120), Terms;
$600 down, balance as ront, Appi»,
Oreo and Moffatt. r   »
WANTBD--pressmaklng > also plain
or, fancy bo wing, Apply Miss John-;
son, Howknd Avenue.1 'n.t.-SR
ARTI0LE8 L08T-      i  ."'
Lady's , 14k.  Gold Watch,. lost, in
Fornlo on Tuesday.    Finder will bo,
rowardod by returning samb to Mrs,
Robort Anderson,'        7.,. i.  ""' -',
HOUSE FOR RBNT.•~Fou^ro6ra6rd
Cottsgo, moat kltohon, elothos closet,
water, sink, electric light fixtures,' olo,1
Apply, Wm, Barton, Singers' Agent,,
HOUSE FOR tlENT.—Two-roomod
plasterod Houso; tollot,  wator,  conl
shed attached,    Apply   RV  Wright,.
West Fornlo, /
          __....... .   . /   "1
FOR rtlDNT-Store In (ho'EokstoIh
Dlook,    Apply, Oreo and Moffatt. '.-
S. O. Pure Drod Buff, Leghorns'
Eggs for hatching • from host pon for?,
|5 por 18.  Socond pen for>|3 per 13!'•
II,.D,.Wilson, Brooder, Fernio, B/ O.y
"      27-t.f,'
rcrtrnr: tcotdall clud,,
FOR SALT0—House, 7, rooms, bath
nnd pantry,.- connected range; - block
47, MdAvoy "Street,' Contrnlly locatod.
All foncodnnd painted. |2500, terms.
Ohoup tor cash.' Apply, L. O, Evan,
Box 123,
FOR SALK^-Now Is the time to ord-(
er Day-bid, OHICK8   and   Eggs   for
Hatching from selected laying strain
ot Duff Orpington. Albert Davies,'
Fornlo, B, O, • 25-4L
At a'mcbtlng',held'on JSundayJast
In thb Miners'-Hall'the Fernio Foot-'
ball Club* for'seasijn 1013 was larfnbhj'(;
lod.''    Tho officers are as follows!..'' ,.
TT-. r* Iff,,       yrt      v.      *T*». **
"vi"   »• _v_.-sM.ut,   si 1   n.   s.H&yik,   iisl_k.
Vlco-Prosident,'Mayor Bleasdoili Pros.,
"Pa,dd'y" ;,JIughes;; -Vice-President, Ji
WHion; .Treas,, J,' Aiidors; Secretary. .
O. Clarldgd,* •    .
Next weetlng will bo* held nt Miners'"   .
Hall on February 25,* when playors'
and all Interested In the gamo aro In-' '
vlted to attend,  A good Hookey teani 7
—ndw a bumping good Football team/ •
boysl .. * ,   -1-   *
- ti
1     1
New Weitmlniter Is one bf tbe best
organised1 towns tn British Columbia
in ratio to Its population, Several of
tbe crafts aro 100 per cent
•    -  '  .      t
. t
;,"• v * > 4.1
1, - /\,t.    t
J'f^Ai*.    »        » *
* * .   *v *
'    >     y
,:; f


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