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The District Ledger 1912-06-01

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F__»NIIJ,%; C., JUNE4,1912
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Socialists Galled;General Strike hs
AA,5*'- ."   'A.,    ../.,*■'.'. ■. -"A, .a -■-■■■,-'. * ■■>   -■  .--.   .
Protest to Election of County
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Tiszaas President 7
"*-  LONDON, May 25.—The'Socialists
have reached a .'compromise with the
* government, according to.the, Buda-'
pest dispatches/and.peace haB.been
.  concluded' onvthe understanding that
.the premier'promises to introduce a
ninnhod suffrage bill in parliament to-
.„ riorrow.    ,    "'     7    '.' " "" " .' '-
:    BUDA-PEST, May 24.—The, Social-
-  1st proclamation of. a' general; strike
■  as a protest against the election of
Count Tisza as president of the lower,
house'had the most' serious sequel in
■-rioting, today which resulted in*tho
,' killing. of seven*? persons    and-the
wounding of about? 150 others; some
cf them severely.". '-'r7- - •"  ■   y  .,"-.
x -J_A second, proclamation was issued
liy the Socialists tonight however; calling on the strikers to stop rioting and
'resume work in the morning.'..'   \V
.-.'A rotable featui-e1 of the outbreak
was the''participation of a large number of school boys and apprentices. .
The. rioters displayed a most stub-"
, born ' spirit, remaining behind 'their
bn-ritrides until driven to^, shelter .by
the police.   . The 'parliament biiildlriia,
the" stock .exchange, the banks aiid
/.railway Btatlons are, now occupied hy
,' Bi.ldler3 and"'addltIori"al troops  havti
; been summoned    from    neighboring
•*'towns' ,;,'."    n       a  ,-A     -'  '
* Th6 origin of'the otubreak was «?-n-
tl:eiy political.y-It was due t<Ldlss_it-
isfaction on the part of the Socialists
■, wlth'.the prospects.for getting univer-
. sal suffrage, which was rendered more
'• remote by the, election of Count Tisza,
.7 the- bitterest .opponent of the exten-
Bion of' the franchise. ? ?     * -,    -*>,'"*
. Scenes of Violence In House. *
In the lower house there were scenes
of great disorder; the opposition members- violently protested against the
arbitrary* action of, the president and
demanded" a suspension of the sitting,
a demand which (Count Tisza'curtly refused to'entertain.- * Previously Count
Tisza had definitely announced his'attitude when he'sald:' "Evenvif'fifty
persons are shot down in' .his hall, I
shall not Bitspend the sitting-?" \
* Finally the. opposition motioned for
a secret sitting to discuss*the riots
and > the'' motion was carried.;. Francis-Kossuth, leader of the united opposition, s. then .appealed" to the gov-,
ernmei-t for consent to place electoral'
reform before the'army bill, so as to
restore peace. -'>.*.«•     *\  .y>
' Count Apponyl again demanded that
the'sitting be closed but the president
refused, saying that parliament could
not behave like an old woman. After
considerable angry rdiscussion ' the
house adjourned.
Strike Called Off ,:
In - the meantime a deputation of
workmen waited on Premier Lukacs
and offered^to stop' the rioting if the
men were permitted" to hold an open
air mass meeting. The premier repli-,
ed that'he could bnly permit an Indoor
meeting. ' Thereupon'Count Apponyl
and others* sent an appeal by telegraph
to'the emperor ln favor of universal
suffrage that.a revolution-might- be
prevented,? Late to-night, the Socialist
union, apparently fearing bloodshed,
called off thestrike which^was orlgl-
hally intended toJasiltoiMdays, _7_
7- ■       • . .«■_ \^^"''>:-VvT    -*\ -
7 NANAIMO, May? 24.^-The Grand
'l_odge'Kn!ghtB-ofcPhythras closed today to meet next year.-on, the last Wed-.,
aesday' in May .In.-North. Vancouver.;
Tbo election of'officers resulted as
follows:'P. Q.C., Chas Rawllnson, Nanaimo; O.C., E H 8 Winn, RosBland;.
O. V. C, J W? Benn*tt; pernio; 0. P,
R Mackay, Kamloops; OK. R. S.BP
Ferdner, Victoria; Q. M. A., R. J.
Steele, Nelson; 0. <I. 0, 0 C Miller.
Vancouver; 0 O.G.„,Robt Johnson,
Enderby.   'yy       . 7      ';,.
* *
, MANCHESTBR, May'25.—Tho Brit-
iah Socialist party's first annual pon*
ferenoe, roprcsontlng 40,000 SocIalUta',
is, in scBslon here. H. M. Hyndman
prosldoil today.", A .-.'A
Tho conference unanimously adopted tt resolution offering its. cordial
sympathy to tho 120,000 striking transport worker* ot London and pleged it*
self to glvo thorn all posslblo support.
,., The .Western * Federation? of Mlnem.
are now * voting lri the annual* election
et officers. -'The official ballot Is-.a*)
follows;-* ' .?.".*'■■,-''.." ',.'■.,■.*. .
- For President:.'Chas'. H, Moyor and
Thomas Campbell; for .Vice-President,
Chas. E. Mahonoy, Harry Lapin, and-
E. B. Slmanton; .for-.Secreta^y-Trea-
surer, Ernest Mills and TbosAT. Rell-
ly; . for Executive Board Members
(four tp bo elected), John C. Lownoy,
Yanco Terzlch, 'William Davidson,
Frank Brown, Guy E. Miller, Joo Guel-
fl, i-oslto W< Turner, Albert Nap, Gau*.
thlor, John Puora, Howard Tresldder,
Fahl Burman, J. E, Dahl, John C. Wll-
llamo. .,..'•
For dolegatos to tho American Federation of Labor" Convention (four to
bo elected), Edwin Youftg, Joseph
D. Cannon, Dan Loary, Thomas Camp-
Bell, Harry Lapln, M, J. Scanlon, Dan
Hollanod and John C. Williams.  '
.        y } ,.i_
- Tbe legumr business mooting of the
Vornio Loul will be hoi J In tho Library Room of the Minora' Hall on
Monday evening at 7.80. All members aro requoatod to bo present, and
those who realize tho alms and objects
of the party should not lose sight of
tbo fact tbat thorough organliatlon
Is eiomtlal to tbo succei of tho poll*
Heal working elan movement.
An Italian, namo unknown as yet,
tried to commit sulelde In Mlebel wltb
an axe,' Tbe man lind beon of Into
doipondont and 111,,as a conaoquonce
of being out of work.
COLEMAN, May 26.—At tho InQUoat
this weok, Into tho death of Dominic
Degano; the Italian switchman killed
last Saturday at tbo' McOllllvray mlno.
the following verdict was returned;
"Wo, tbo jury, (ind tbat Domlnio Degano came to bit death by accident on
Saturday, May 13th, at the bottom of
tho slope of McGllIlvray mine, Cole*
man, "by "being crushed between two
cars whilst performing bis dally duties, and wo find no blamo attached
to any person."
Jury Brings in Verdict
After Being Out For
- Three Hours A
/.VANCOUVER, B. C, May 28^There
was some interesting evidence' in tbe
trial of R.P Pettipiece and six" others
for alleged unlawful assembly before
a jury and Justice Gregory, the crown
almost completing Its case as the court
rose to-night.,, Deputy Chief Mul-
hern. • who , arrested Pettipiece after
warning . hl'm; that the "meeting was
contrary, to the bylaw said "Some of
the crowd called out,yTo h^ with
the" bylaw.',-. Others cried, 'To h-^—
with*;the?police,' and 'To h with1
the city/"; 'Ay ' _ :y . ' "
, • Rev.'Martin,Smith, visiting itf'the
vicinity'agreed that it was a dangerous' crowd.' and had suggested -"they
should call'out 5,0*00 men to enforce
order.- •    / '.7 v
"I suppose you would have been,will
ing.to haye shouldered a gun?" asked
counsel for the defence.', "Yes, and
it wouldn't have been the first time."
3"You were,with the rest of the un-
employed?" ' "I was interested in seeing what would happen."
"I fought at Ladysmith and will
fight here," was what William Heme
shouted, accpyding.'to Officer Munro,
Heme is .one of the defendants.
- Rev. Mr. Macaulay, Presbyterian
missionary to loggers(j agreed with
Rev. Mertin Smith as to the character
of the demonstration. - One man was-
mounted on a box.reading from a'docu
nient, but he couldn't hear what he
was saying. _-.'?'-
'.'He might \have been expounding
Presbyterian doctrines for/all 'you
counsel for-Pettipiece. ,, ,. t]
'., When - shown a photograph of the
crowd for'Identification .the clergyman, Bmlled.' **'"I could tell*" better if
Jt.,werea moving "picture,1'.he < said. ■
.."."Where.-dld yotf qualify as an expert
tc^ tell whe_t*B*vbrench'?:of'the peace Is
jikely to "happen?" aiikW ?>fr." Farrls
of R. E. Matter, j another"' crown witness?" "In BelfasVandbublln," was
tbb reply. / ' * '   "•*k
Tho'Other five defendants are William H. Coombs,. JameB H.'" Fisher,
Walter Read, William ^McDonald • and
Charles Lester. ' "    , ■; ,
VANCOUVER, B, C, May 29>r-Aft-
er being out three'hours tne'Ju.-y re-
turhed a verdict ot "Not Guilty" in
the case against R, P. Pettipiece and
six others for alleged unlawful assembly. ,They first reported, a dis*
agreement but wero sent back by Jus*
tlco Gregory and 10. minutes later, returned agreed upon acquittal.'. The
defense' was tbat tho meeting' was
privileged and not disorderly until
after- the police had attempted to disperse tho crowd.'
Pettipiece In his own bohalf, J. H.
SSry-poR Vte&Pl?ESr
a '' The date for nominations for the election of Vice.-,
• President,?whicli-will be held on, June 18th,> closed"
on the,30th inst.,'■ and\the, .following candidates
have-signified their acceptance of the nomination:  •
J. O. JONES, Hilicresty . V'.\
:    DAVID REES, Fernie. A'   A
yX-' D. H. HYSLOP, Coleman. _. ; ,. 'A
Each, man is well known throughout theDistrict .
and it is anticipated that the vote will be a close
one.- y      *-,.-,.        ;     '. '._"';'"' •,'   - . -■ ,  '..
For Sub-District 4 Board I.ieihber,'to succeed W.
- Lees,/who'is^now residing in'Coieinan, jthere are -
two nominatoris;  '     ' '    "A . •
FRANK .WHEATLEY, Bankhead. -,
y~      N^D. THAOHUOK, Canmore. ,
:y"   ■'■*; {'-..;    ■ ?'
McVety, labor, leader, and James Mc-*
Millan, ■ secretary- of the .Vancouver
Building Trades association, "were the
chief'-defense witnesses.1 -" 7AH ?; three
had?' the week previous'to the* demon-
-~     '   *-   ,     . -,'  r,'   i   • .:   it...   .
stration, interviewed the premier and
attorney general. ?■'.*• . ,'
, "i'had only time at the meeting to
say that we had? Been the" attorney,
general and as a result of our representations, public* works' would be
*'"   -   '  ?7"r   -    *
started that would give employment
to'3,000 men,'," testified Pettipiece.
"Then the deputy chief Interrupted
me. Half an hour after leaving my
house I, was In jail. I could not have
been on the grounds five minutes."
<AHe t,had gone to the grounds, he
added, expressly to let the men know
the" result of the' conference at Victoria. There was no trouble until the
police' arrived. McVety,. McMillan and
others corroborated Pettipiece.     * •
-   *     A-'^-^'' ;V r>:-r -   r J -     * ■ ^ * »\ ■ >■■    .   ' .      x-   '
Another Struggle' being  Waged-
Government Warned to Keep
Soldiers andyPolice
(Special to District Ledger)
- * LONDON,' May 31—Attempt of government to settle dock workers'
strike proved abortive.'--'Closed shop
is crux to situation.- Men threaten
general tie up ot shipping traffic. . ,
LONDON, May 30.—The efforts, ot
the government to stava off the dock
strike by appointing'a court of inquiry
bave fulled and the general opinion
<s -hat thestrike of 125,000 to 150,00",-
men will prove a more serious matter
for London than even the recent coal
strike. -    -       0        y.
Little hope is held'out for a speedy
settlement and unless the men's demands are granted they intend to call
out the transport workers of the whole
country and possibly also the railway
"men, thus' Involving .the .Kingdom in
the gravest labor crisis It has yet'experienced. *",'*•
'   The,strikers demand the exclusion
of non-unionists from the port ot Lon-
don, a uniform rate of wages for all
ship work with a minimum of seven
shillings and six pence, ($1.80) daily.
A manifesto was Issued In behalf of •
the strikers, protesting against the use
of police and soldiers in the employers' Interests, and warning the government that such'repressive action '
will provoke extreme measures on the
part ot the strikers and imperil the
peaceful conduct of the dispute.
-..       .       i        *
The manifesto was due to the fact;
that throughout the. day hundreds of
tons of meat were unloaded by volun-
ter workers,under police protection.
It is reported that the.strike committee in secret session* decided tnac
if the government rvsorled to the employment of troops, the strikers would
retaliate by stopping the royal mail"
service which ran uninterruptedly -
through the strike of 1911,
judge Walsh is Made
' .■    r     y i    ' o -  *-' ' "
Chairman of Board
OTTAWA, May ..29.—Owing to ob-
jectlons- by. the miners, a change has
been made in. the chairmanship of the
Commission of .Enquiry upon which
the miners of District No:118 and. op
erators 0have a . representative, -the
chairman, being thirdman. The Hon.
Ur. Justice W. L. Walsh, of the Supreme Court of Alberta,(has been named to -succeed Mr. Harry Bentley, of
"Lethbridge. ..     - ' ._.-     v
•The Fernie Spring Assizes were con
cliided at noon Saturday, wh»u his,
lordship, Mr. Justice Murphy, sentenced those prisoners who had been fined guilty o£ the offenses upon which
they had been tried. '-.The first case
to be disposed of was Rex vs. Weir "and
Wilson, in which the accused were
found guilty, of robbery with violence?
They were sentenced to ten years Imprisonment at New Westminster, each
to receive 20 lashes, ten.within s'.x
wseks of their entry into the penlteu-
tiary ond-ten lashes within one yeai.
Coal Strike in Britain
^LONDON, May. 25,j
Conference Ao!--'-. Miners'
-The. > National
which-has been meeting this week to
discuss the. operation of the, recently
enacted minimum wage act for miners,
adjourned .today after -passing-a- resolution, which indicates tbat the-men
are not adverse to another tight*. Tlie
resolution,, which was carried • unanimously, recordB the federation's strenuous protest ngalnst '.awards being
given by tho1 district wages'   boards,
The board members of the'federation
declare,:- fixed ^minimum,,wages;, for
mines at .a. figure .below the reason-;
able<f living wages wb'lob the government led the men to expect.
The' executive committee of the
federation are instructed to interview, the goy^rnment with tho object
of securing,immediate action on .this
point and afterward to suinmon another -conference without. delay to
deal wlth.the government's reply,.   ,
THE 1818.
. "The Salving of a Soul" has attracted large audiences during the week,
and this three-reel feature-Is considered one of the boBt over noen, Tho
management, however, aro making arrangements for other pictures equally
as* good, if not bettor, and bave a
few in vlow which will come up to
their'expectations.'' "The noxt big attraction will'be "The Indian'Massacre." Th# programme-tor tonight (Friday) and tomorrow is "The fole-
phono Tangle" (comedy),' "Billy's
Nurse,", (comedy), "Northorn Venice"
(scenic), "A Lovo of Long-Ago" (dramatic)',-' "The Strength of tho Weak"
(drama), and three GamouVGraphic's
of weekly bapponlngs throughout the
world. "
The agreement betwoen tbe News-
papor Publishers' Association of Tojv
onto and the Printing Trados of Toronto expires on Juno SO of this year.
Tbe number of men In thb different
unions involved Is about 2,100.
Socialists and Royalists
Join to Beat Radicals
The C. N. P. F. League was ad*
vttneed another stago on Victoria Day,
all tbo clubs being engaged, and some
previous calculations wero upBOt.
Michel suffered tholr first defeat In
the competition at Coleman, tho homo
team being strongly represented and
wore masters of tbe situation right
from tho start Bollovuo defeated
Fornlo rather to tho visitors' surprise,
who had turned out what thoy considered a strong side. Hosmer failed
to count at Coal Creek and still occupy tbe bottom position on the table.
Tbe position of tbe clubs to dato Is
as follows:
P, W. L, D. for agit. Pts
Bellovuo ,.,,3
0  0
Mlebel  4
1   0
'6 —
Coal Creek ,3
1   1
4 —
Coloman  ...3
1   1
2   0
8 —
Hosmer .....
4   0
2 —
PARIS, May 87,—Queer results bave
followed seven bye-elections in k'rench Hectors! law.
votes polled, as required by'French
constituencies within tbe past month,
If tbey prove a true Indication of tbe
general tendoncy In the country "radicalism Is doomed to extinction through
tbe strange co-operation ot Royalists
and Socialists.
Adversity makes queer bed-fellows,
but It Is "truly a strange circumstance
tbat has brought Royalists and Social*
fits Into the same camp. The Radl*
cats are the backbono of th<j republican majority In tbe chamber. There
was no unonnlnooa about these coven
elections, for tbe seats bad been Radical for years. In *a*b esse the first
eonteit brought a Radical, a Royalist,
and a Socialist candidate Into^tbe
fltld. Ever? tine tfce Radical eane
ent nt. th* top fit th* p-n.l, bnt nelf
with a majority of mori than bait the
So second ballots were ordered, and
In each case either tbo 86etallst or
tho -loyalist withdrew, and these two
parties lumped their forces together
and bent the Radical tivery time. In
two eases tbe first ballot gave ma*
Jorltles of 8,000 and 4,000 for the Radl*
cslft, but the opposition blending In
tbo second ballots' bave relumed Roy*
allit* wltb the ild of advanced Socialists,
Tt to happens tbat U» Radicals op*
poso proportional Ifcprcscutatloa as a
leap In the dark, yet bad there been
such a system In these eases tbe eeata
would still lie held by Radicals. There
Is dismay In Mpoblfean circles In
Paris tbcmtb all agree tbat tbe eppoil*
Hon nnfon fs wnnalnrn. and .ann<.<!
long continue.
Two points for a win and one for a
Results of May 84th gaities at a
(.mow., ,
Cwi- Cm-.., _; Xt-v-M-i!.. 0.
Coleman, 2; Michel, 0.
Bellevue. 3: Fernie. 0.
Coal Creek vs. Hoimsr
Coal Crook—Brians; McFegan and
McUnc_t-«. **.«», i'arnell and Mo
Fegftn; Oakley, Heskelh, Gomme,
Nightingale and Patterson,
Hosmer—Itutnon. McQueen and
Wardrop; Rloe, Balderstone and Part*
rldgej Brownrigg, Jamleion, V, Part-
ridge, Robson and Hutchinson.
Referee:  3. W. Qulnny, Fernie.
TUtt same waa pUyud at-Conl Crook
and formed part of the sports' pro-,
gramme arranged by tbe C. C. L. and
A. A. The weftther was fine, a slight
breese blowing frem tbe West. Hosmer won tbo tow and played wltb tbe
wfriit behfnif them. Tbe opeatag exchanges we.« fairly «v«n, play ruling
from ond to end, but neithor sldo having any advantago. Coal Creek sldo
lattorly asserted thomsolves and had
the upper hand for some time, but
their' forwards failed In tho art of
shooting. Hosmor had a look in occasionally, but thoir play consisted of
a series of rushes, and tho Crcok de-
fenco wore equal to all calls made
upon them. Play was of poor quality,
tho forwards on both sides being extremely weak. A poor first bait ended without scoring.
In the second half Coal Creek made
a fow toam chaugos. Hesketh go*
Ing back, McFegan taking tho contro
forward position and Gommo going to
Insldo right, These changes did not
appear to make any Improvement In
tbe opening mlnutei. of this half, but
lattorly McFegan's bustling play allowed Nightingale an opportunity to
shoot, nnd bo made no mistake, scoring a flno gonl twelve 'mlnuton from
the restart This goal seemed to
give the Creek an Idea whore tho not
was, and goals camo as oasy now as
hlthorto they had boon difficult, Mo-
Fogan scoring twlco In succession, bis
first being a daisy. Hosmor could
«.ldrtm rolii* n f-fullo**. now. -Jiurl «rtlv nt
long Intervals did they succeed In
crossing mldfield. Coal Creek continued to nave tho bost of the play
and Gommo scored-a fourth. . Uninteresting play followed to tbe close,
and a poor game ended In favor ef
Coal Creek by 4 goals to 0,
Coal Creek wero sound In defence,
bat will require to Improve forward
line If tbey hope to mako a show in
tbo competition.
Hosmer, wbo were short of ieverat
their usual players, had only ono player of outstanding ability, and tbat was
McQueuu at right lick, wbo was con-
iletenly good tiirougbout, the halves
wero fair, bot the forwards poor,
Batlavue vs.' WtnU )
This game was played at Rellevun
In a high wind, 'be weather otherwise
being fine.
Bellevue—Dlady; Dngdale and Duo
aFThTTUscrellon ofThe'Twardear I-T
V7. llerchmer acted for the crown and
A. I. Fisher for the defense.   ' '
In the , case Rex 5. vs. - Garrison
for atempted - murder, the case was
not proven-and "tlie prisoner was discharged, o"   '    .       '
Afng Soon, charged with attempted,
murder was' found guilty ot shooting
with intent to do grovlous bodily.harm
and was sent to .tho provincial gaol
for one year. ..
Rev. vs. Earl, on a charge of attempted robbery was found not guilty
anil ("flcliarged.
A man named Ganson, from Moyle,
w fs on trial for attempted murder,
hut was acquitted.
All tho civil suits wero settled out
of court.
The B. C. Gazette contains the fpl
lowing appointments    ^  ,. <,
To be Notary Public: Alexander'
Ingram Fisher, of the City of Fernie,
„-,Alfred Clement NelBon.S'to be Government Agent, Assistant Commissioner of Lands," Registrar under the, "Mar- ■
riage Act" and Registrar of Births,
Deaths and Marriages, for the South
Division of East Kootenay.
,Noel Stirling Austin Arnold Wnll-
inger to be Deputy Assessor and Collector for the Southern Division of the
East. Kootenay Electoral District.
dale; Jopson, Marsh and Millar. Hutton, Varloy, Marsh, Potrlo and Vurloy.
■ Fernio—Cooper; Shields and Mills,
Swonoy, Barr and Watson; ' Booth,
Tliti.nton, Manning, Joinson and Hart*
Referee:    M, Rrenan, Coloman.
"Bellovuo won tbo toss and playei
with tho wind In their favor. Thoy
had tho bost of the opening play, and
flvo minutes from tbo start scored
-smartly. This was followed" a few
minutes later by a second goal tnkon
In a similar manner to tho first, Jopson threw tho ball against an opponent and crossed to Millar, who was
standing unmarked, nnd on both oc*
easlons bo drovo strong and truly Into
tho net. Thoso rovoraes had a somewhat disconcerting effect on tlio visitors, who resorted to team changes
In an offort to stem the tide; Manning
being pulled back \p tho right back
position, Mill* going to centre-half and
WntBon taking tlio centra. This
change materially affectod tho play
of tlielr sldo, and thoy succeeded In
keeping tholr goal intact, and also in
having a largo share In tho gamo., No
further scoring took place this half,
nollovim lAnrllnr- ♦**• f yi»it<**' t» O
Tho second half opened In favor of
tho visitors who took full advantage
of the wind, and pennod In tho.home
team for somo time, but Hellovuo's
dofonco prevailed, The Fernio Club's
forwards being rather #*finflv hrat^n.
"elleviie nearly added to tbelr ecoro
through Isaae Hutton, who from a
break away dribbled flnoly down the
flold away finished with a lovely shot
which Cooper Just succeeded In turning psst tbe post. Fernio again took
play lo the other «nd, but woak forward play prevented them from scoring, Coi.MlU«rebl_t feeling crept into
tho game, and several freo fights oc-
rurwd. tbe play ©onseqrucntly suffered, and more attention waa payed to
tho man than to tbe ball. Fornlo bad
(he best of tbe play In (bis half, but
..,Ui.-( to t-OQ.a. TU* fit-too end-Hi
Itelle-roe. 8; Farnle, 0.
'    '    .-   AT THE GRAND
Would tho explosion of a real automobile interest you? 'Off you saw a
man stealing an automobile, what
would you do? Miss Flo Randall,
tho girl in "Tho Girl and tho Tramp,"
sees a man stealing her automobile.
She plucklly covers him with a gun
nnd calls for holp. "Hapii/ J nek," o
tramp, comos to hor roscuo, A quarrel results betwen Happy and Jack
and Philip Redman. The tramp Ib
knocked down—Rodman Jumps into
tho nutomobllo, pulls tho crank and tho
automobile explodes. This all takes
place In full vlow of tho audience.
Aside from carrying a strong dramatic company, Mr, Dyers surrounded
hlmsolf with throo oxcollent singers,
and thoy nro, carried as oxtra vaudeville bolween the acts. This play will
bo seen at tbo Grand on Tuesday
~T__e "Honorable William Roderick.
Ross; Minister of Lands,-td be Actlng"-
Mlnlster ot Public Works and Railways during the absence from the Province of the Honorable Thomas Taylor.
, LAWRENCE, Mass.; May 31.—Three1
hundred. operatives  In tbe mills of
the-American-woolen-mill today joined
the 400 operatives of the carding and -
combing rooms bf the woolen mills
who went on strike Tuesday because?
of other operatives In these rooms refusing to become members of tbo Industrial Workers of the World.,   The
strike Is being conducted by William
Yates, national secretary   of textile
branch of tlie Industrial Workers of.
thc World, and Archie Adamson treasurer of the'local' branch.    Both men
were among tho lenders In tho gono.mi
* wrence.
At Its general conference, In ses-.
sion at Minneapolis, tho American
Mothodlat Church had adcptodotho foi:
lowing "platform," which might be
recommended ns a model for political
For equal rights nnd completo Jus-
tlco for nil men In all stations of life,
For tho protection of the family, by
tho slnglo standard of purity, uniform
dlvorco laws, propor regulation ot mar*
rlago and proper housing. '
For tho abolition of child labor.
For lho conservation of health.
For tho release from-employment
ono day In seven,
For a living wage as a minimum
ln ovory Industry and for tho highest
wago that each Industry can afford.
Tho Methodists havo como out
strong .(gainst tobacco, Perhaps
they think thore Is enough of smoke
In tho naxt world.
Principal Bruce, Miss Nloholson,
MlBe KubxoI and Miss Smith, tender*
ed their resignations from the teach,*
Ing staff, ta take effect at tho ond
of tho present term.
Money By-Laws Meet
Indifferent Fate
On Mondo/last tho clllsons    of
fuuiiw wuiw ri.im.ij to (txprtittii an op-
).-..>„, H'J'i 'wwil \o uoi,Hj n.</iicy u:ni-
torn needed to bo raised for olty im
provement*. Tbo number of votes
enst, however, doos not speak volumes
for tho Interest shown In these mat-
?'v..V. ».-_.i,   lvk>C    ,>«kUkh-«    ><lt_.'-_    H-..V..J1
awaro of.tbo fact that thoy wero being called upon to decide upon theso
matters and a llttlo more advertising
when such Important matters come up
would do no barm. The sums to be
voted on were for Electric Light Extension, Park Improvements, Storehouse, Street Improvements, and the
remit of tbe balloting was:
Electric Light Extension (115.WW):
For     47
Against  ,    39
Spoiled         1
Total.     87
Park Improvement (110,000):
For     44
Against      43
Total       87
B'oro-ioum. [\h,DW)i
For     58
Against    20
Total    87
Street Improvement (110,000):
Tor     SJ
Against      32
Spoiled        1
Totsl    88
As a three-fifths majority is needed
to lAtiy IU* tlc-A two menUoned ■*.>■•
lost and tbe other two carried. I -;    -   s>
*-7-*' %:
-V. v "-*-1'-7
'jAv^-^y JS'.c*7^A. ^y^^^-^yTyS^Sr.*?,-*,•;$-?y.7v;^7^Vf?. AA£f '^A'Sf t &y^A' -^
.77 -;*■<_.^'.„
; u ,*i
THE " DISTRICT LEpaER,: PEENIE, Byb;,: JUliEl, 1912
-v--f.-_'■«-, r-..i--:.l;'-„ *y-. .-,L...    .■*«.-  -;* y    ..7s -• ;.,- .-   *.,--*   '--?'.•*
At the International Socialist Congress held at Stuttgart iii 1907 the relation between. Sc.cialist parties a-'d
trade unions came up for discussi..::.
At the outset I will ask Americans:
' to bear in mind .that most of the men
who discussed this question wore
actual trade unionists. Some of them
were among the highest officials in
the trade union movement of Europe.
I mention this fact only because the
two Americans who took part in the
discussion had no trade union standing, both being editors of Socialist
papers, and tbat mighe convey to American readers the impression that the
discussion at Stuttgart was not representative of the, actual trade, union
0 The Belgians pressed a resolution
which declared the- necessity of an
absolute unity of thought and action
between these two organizations of the
working class. They were of the opinion that unity of action ls only possible where the various organizations
are actually federated together.
The Austrlans pressed- a" different
resolution, which declared that the Socialist party and the xinions should
■■ preserve their complete autonomy, but
, - that association and co-operation between the two movements should be
of the closest ppssible character.
In Belgium the party,   the ■ co-op
,  eratives and the unions are ..actually
' -  members of one organization.   There
Is autonomy in tliis sense only; that
whatever solely   concerns    the'" cooperatives is decided by the co-operatives; - whatever solely concerns the
unions is decided by the unions; whatever solely concerns the party is <le-
, cided by thc party.
Beer, of Austria, in moving the resolution of that country, declared ' that
the close relation which existed between the trade unions and the party
iri this' country was assured by the
fact that the leaders of- the unions
"> and the leaders of the party were the
same men. He. believed that the two
.. movements should be .organized separately, and he opposed fusion between them. The party and the unions should be considered equally inv
portant and - should. have  the  same
, rights. Neither the one nor the oUier"
should ■ endeavor to be supreme. The
unions would be injured if they were
to subordinate themselves to, the party
- and would become merely organizations for political propaganda. ■ They
would then abandon their chief work,
which is to ameliorate the Immediate
material condition of the working
class.      ...
,. (Tho FVonch also introduced a reso:
lutlon which,declared that tho trade
, unions and the Socialist parties should
be completely separate and, preserve
fully their autonomy. A minority of
the French party introduced an opposing resolution which declared that
the unions and the party should 'join
together nationally and international-
De Leon, in. the namo of the Industrial Workers of the World and of
the S, L. P., moved a rospjutlon declaring, that the industrial union ls the
germ ofithe republic of labor, 'Tho
resolution'cj.ri(lmoned the craft unions
of tho Ambrlcan Fedornlton of Labor, which "took tholr, orders from the
groat capitalists." Tho resolution also
declared that any really revolutionary
Soclnllst movement   should    include
both trade unions and political parties?   '  \-    ~
Schmidt supported the Austrian resolution, saying that while the unions
and the party in Germany were distinct, yet" they did-not oppose each
other. He declared, that the closest
possible union should exist between-
these two organizations, but1 that the
party should not attempt to dictate
to the unions'their policies.
Olsen, of Denmark, said that one of
the characteristics of the Danish system is that the Executive Committee of the party sends two representatives' to the governing body of the unions, and two.-delegates of, the union
sit ln the governing body of the party.
By "virtue of this arrangement cooperation between the party and the
unions is complete, He was not sure
that tho same system would.work well
elsewhere, but in Denmark lt" makes
impossible any misunderstanding.
Premoli, of Italy, declared, that in
Italy, they had. attempted to unite the
unions and the party," but thoy had
found it wiser to follow the German
plan of having distinct organizations.
The trade unions should remain open
to all, without distinction of party.
Legien, of Germany, declared that
the two movements, the party and the
unions arose from the working class.
"Why, then, should they' not help each
other? Both pursue certain ends, and
consequently they must possess auto?
nomy. We cannot admit that the unions and the party should fight each
other? If this situation exists in
France, it is because neither the party
nor the unions*there are well organized. The French Comrades are, accustomed to say: We have no organization, but we have the temperament.
It is not with temperament that one
fights the capitalist class. As soon
as the French have a real trade union
organization they will stop* discussing
the general strike, direqt action and
sabotage.* It is not with' rhetoric that
one fights,the capitalist class,'but by
the organization of the workers,- following .the same end and struggling
together." - -•*■',
De Brouekere,- of. Belgium, protested against the statement which
had been'made-that, the unions'in
Belgium were considered subordinate
to the party, and declared that from
had constituted such a majority-in tho
governing body that they had always
controlled the party,,and not the party
the unions. "It is not exact to say
that1 we ■ wish-fusion -between the unions and - the party. Our trade unions have complete autonomy in their
own field."
Simons, of tho Socialist party of the
United States,'then disputed'some of
the statements' of Do^Leon and condemned the policy of,the Socialist Labor party, which had fomented dissension, ln the trade' union movement.
"Our party refuses to, capture the
union because it considers that the
party and the the unions aro two sections of a single army.". He supported the resolution of Austria,
LIndblad, ot Sweden, declared that
In S wed on the trado unions and tho,
party llvo ln perfect accord. „ Thero
is there no division In the proletariat.
Historically, tho party wns born first;
and it (hen organized the unions. But
tho unlonB have tholr' own organization. Thoy havo complete autonomy,
although nearly nil tho members of
tho union belong to thc Socialist
Nemec, of Bohemia,, declared that
in his country there was a most intimate and friendly ' relatfon between
the' two organizations.
' Plechanoff, of Russia, .spoke against
the organic union between the party
and the unions." He said that in Russia such a union would mean that the
trade unions,.would be cut into fifteen
helpless parts. Ho thought, therefore,
for the time being that the trade- unions of Russia should not indorse any
political party.
This discussion took place before a
special committee, ., which finally
adopted the Austrian resolution with
some > amendments.^ It was then
brought before the-entire Congress.
"If it is necessary," said the chairman
(Beer, of Austria), "to declare that the
trade union tmov<-ment should conserve'its autonomy, It ls equally necessary to say that the party and the
unions.should'supplement each other.
The leaders of the unions should sit
In the governing body of the party and
vice versa. In this manner, the necessary contact takes place, < contact
which prevents misunderstandings
from arising and,avoids useless=dis-
cussion.' Nevertheless,'If discussions
should take place between ■ the party
and the ■ trade unions, these debates
ought always to ben conducted in "the
spirit of fraternity and solidarity.'' All
the nationalities have signed our text
with the .exception of a tiny group
from the United tSates. If we desire; and if -we ought to desire," he
continued, "that the relation'between
the party afid the trade unions should
be the mos^ intimate possible, we do
not desire that the establishment''or
re-establishment of these relations
should provoke a division in the trade
union movement-
""The members of any craft should
belong to' a single union. Rival"organizations are an abomination. One
must then'demand the unification and
the centralization of the trade union
movement." And the first condition
of the success of the trade unions
is their unification. To succeed, the
unions must be strong arid,the,more
the Socialist .party tries to prevent
misunderstandings the more it-, will
aid the; unions; and the riiore it will
render, a service in the struggles of
the working class."
dain with, which' the chairman, .Beer,
had treated him. "He has completely
ignored our resolution,';, said De Leon,
"he "has not even wished to discuss
it?'" A»___fter -again*. condemning!"the
"capitalist" unions of America, he declared that one could only erect really Socialist politics upon unions really
, De Brouchere,- of Belgium, declared
De Leon's motion to be dangerous. "It
would seem to have the Congress declare that the-Socialist parties should
fight the unions,* which would-be contrary to their, practice ■ and to their
Intentions. It must bo,.well understood .that the' relation which we'propose Ib a voluntary relation, Wo wish
marriage, not rape." ■ ,
Valllant then traced tho recent history of Franco; which had led to tho
111-feollng between the Socialist party
and the trade unions. , He declared
that when tho unlonB had affiliated
with, ono or' tho other of tho Fronch
'wiles, unity among thorn was Impossible, The French Federation of
Labor had acted rightly, ho thought,
in declaring that politics should be
kept out of tho unions.   "Wo respect
i^ Fernie Steam Laundry
Dyeing and Dry Cleaning
i , ,   ,
We eould reduce prices If
._. *
wo worked our employees 18 hours a day
seven days to tlio week and in return paid
them  a low salary under a long; contract
we are in a White Country, employing* only
'Whit'.1 People and \>ny White Wnges far
Wlrifto Hours. It is up to the people of- n
Fernie and district to say if their money
they spond on Laundry work is to remain
in this country or go to tho FAR BAST.
Just think it over and ask us for our
Special Rates, Families, Bachelors, Hotels
the autonomy of-.the^'federatibn. ..Our
relations are 'oecoming more and more
cordial and-frequent." 7 AA '»', 7
yAffer*»'a .lew?'.,final .words ?by 'the
chairman,-' tie congress overwhelming-,
ly voted **- t__e7-resolution, of -? the - Aus-'
trians, with" thfe .few amendments that
iuid been made to it. *. . ">''"•."' . -
We see;.therefore,- that, the policy
."adopted~hy the, Socialist' party 'of
America is in accord with" ttiat'of the
international-movement. <■' If the'relations , of the. Socialist party "and the
trade.-unions, of America• are .today
less -Intimate than those' of "Europe.
It.Is- duo] more to the peculiar conditions existing here than to : any fault
that might be In the pbsttion taken by
the, Socialist* party.. In time the unions and' the party , in America. will
confer .together on" every important
matter; but this personal union will
come voluntarily, as a marriage,' not
as a forced union. 7 When the party
comes to be recognized as the political
expression of the working claBS, much
as the unions are recognized as the
industrial expression, nothing , but
harmony' and co-operative action will
be tolerated by the workers.
(To be continued) '   ,   ?
Sir A. B. Markham, M.P., on the Coal
■ Strike—Only the' Beginning..
Dealing with the coal strike in the
new* number of the "Quarterly. Review," Sir A." B. Mara'nam, M.P., says,
It is idle to deny that the men have
suffered.defeat, .but'that defeat has
been due -mainly to mistakes and ignorance on the part of the .leaders, and
to a lack "of subordination and unity
of purpose on the -part of the men.
The ground of attack was ill-chosen;
the men should have stuck to their
original demand—the payment on account of abnormal places or losses due
to bad management.
If,-in addition to this^ they"had
asked for an'increase of wages equivalent to 10 per cent on the basis
rates, to .meet the increased cost of
living, they would have occupied
strong "ground;, and, if they had won
(as they probably would, for the demand would have been obviously just)
every man** would have benefited,
whereas very few. will derive any bene
fit from the^Act.
. .To'Fight,the Employers?
.- The great mass of men came out to
S3.50 7|tf IfEpEE,
„ -/• - 7y.)-y:.r-yyyyS'y ■
Send Name and Address Today
:  Strong:wi,Vigbiis;si;
'      '        -     *J "   v-   * - * " «   -'J ^   ,] -* **     u. ". "
'-'■*-. ■"*•'-;' »," K. '-.".• ■ 77
>I have ln my possession a prescription
for . nervous debility, ,- lack . ot vigor,
weakened manhood,.'-'failing - memory
and lame .back,-brought .on^b'y, excesses, unnatural drains, or the follies of
youth, that has,.cured so.-many-worn
and nervous men right - In .their'own
homes—without any additional' help or
medicine—that I think.evary man who'
wishes to regain his manly power ond
virility, quickly and' quietly, should
have a copy.- So I'have determined to
send a copy. - So I have determined-to
charge, in, a plain, ordinary sealed enve
lope to any man who will write me for
lt. - -   . .
This prescription comes from a physician, who has made a special study of
men and I am convinced It is tho-surest-acting combination for tho euro of
deficient' manhood-and vigor failure
ever put together.
Ithlnk I owe lt to my fellow man to
send them a copy In confidence so that
any man anywhere who Is weak'and
discouraged -■ with repeated failures
may stop drugging himself with harmful patent medicines, secure what I
believe is the quickest-acting restorative, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy ever devised, and so cure himself
at home quietly and quickly. Justdrop
me a line like this: Dr. A. E. Robinson, 4907 Luck Building, Detroit, Mich..'
and I will send you a copy ot this
splendid recipe In a plain, ordinary envelope free of charge. A great many
doctors would charge $3.00 to ,5.00 for
merely, writing out a prescription like
this—but I send it. entirely free.   .
' INDIANAPOLIS, May 25. — Mayor
Shank of Indianpolis was very indignant when he heard of- the red flag
order of the* chief of police. ' He said
taat the* Socialists or any one else had
the same right*to carry the red flag
as a man'has to wear a crimson shift.
"6b~tai_rTflgT_eF7w_^esyaM^6r no otEer
reason;,and when.they voted for the
formula "a minimum wage," nine1-
tenths of them, did not know what tliey
were voting for." - Secondly! this great
industrial."arinl^fas Ted,""out" tb..figlit
the employer_rafter giving them" three
months' notice of their' intention to
do so. ■ From the point of view of the
4-publlc this has doubtless been an enormous advantage; but from tho standpoint of the'men, it-is to me incomprehensible, tbat the. attack * should
have been made in such a manner
, The miners and their.'leaders, in
fact, entirely misconceived the position. The miners were told by some
of tholr le'aderB that a national strike
could not possibly continue for more
than a week, and that a general strike
was. the panacea which' would put a
speedy end to all 'their grievances.
They had,' however,' entirely lost
sight first, of the fact that the past
.winter was an exceptionally mind one;
and, secondly, that Instead of working Bhort time, as thoy would undor
normal conditions havo done, tho pits
wore, owing to _ho fear of a strike,
kept working to thoir utmost capacity,
so that enormous reserves of coal woro
Miner_' Subordination
The oxtromo mon now say thut whon
tho noxt general strlko takes placo no
notice will bo glvon. - Consumers of
coal havo already noted thoso observations, and will doubtloBH lay down
much lurgor bLocUb of coul during tlio
summor months than thoy have ever
done boforo,
PiiBBlng my llfo ns I,do among minors, adds Sir Arthur, I know a groat
majority of thorn lo bo a bravo, upright and God-fearing body of men;
and If thoy hud but shown thnt subordination to nnd trimt in tliotr leadors
which Ih nu iu.CQiji.nry to an IndiiHtrlul
on.-inIs*<aiou ougugod iu a groat conflict an"It Ih to un army In thn' flold,
the rosult today would bo very different from what It In,
Decjinnlna of the StruQglo
In view of the groat disparities of
wealth on tho ono hand anil poverty on
lho other—many men in somo mines
earning, through no fault of tholr own,
only a few HhllilngB a weok, and under
tlio Bti'usH of constant danger--thoso
who know tlio mining cIiihh can but
wish thorn well In tholr fight for a
U-uct tiiimv m UI«J U.Vlblull o_   .-,«_il.Ul,
Till- J.i'bl ]...;/ L-M..J ill lb I* -_--lJ!i  _0.|-_
ducted tignlnui tho Ignonint'o and prejudice of tlio ownorH thomsolvos. Such
owners hnvo from tlio commoncomont
of tliis dlfi]niin failed to understand
• I   . i   .     .,   i        *,      ,     i.
....'-  -v ..... ......      ,„,,   \k%wkk  ti....    .k.S.»Vt»*£ ,.._
the cont of production would not cotho
nnilroly out of thoir pockols. Al*
though on Milts occasion tho mon linvo
boon defeated, I nm convlncod thnt
this Ih only tho beginning of tho atrug*
"glo.       'I '
If the (imwnmont and tho public
bi-llov.' tlmt, f«vr>n nflrr Ihn pnnnln>.
of an liiiidorjimto Minimum Wages Act,
men will contlnuo to work 'Jn mlno*
under tlio condition tlmt the worst mln
ch are to Ik-, taken m a bastli ot tho
sumlani of living, thoy aro laboring
under n d.-limlnri from which (liny will
yet have a nnlu awakening.
' *    **_. ' ,'tl      v
Wholesale and , Retail
Barber Shop
i'   • *. ..•«.!.   'RafV1_j.-y-■•'-■' '* -
,      .*   ,-.-*■     UCLlllO l.»r\'.,-..j .v., ,!.,. _
Shoe Shine y
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and SandWich
. ~*   '     n i
Counter A
Hazi-wood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
-.1 ,
FERNIE, B.C.      Phone 34
Fernie-Fort Steele
' i
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
"'"Ay.7-A -A :7 A S/\
i.,  .i
• -",
' ** '7 ''.   '.* •   ' <•    '  ■'  : i
y     ..   and :—t
Living' Prices
Dry ..Goods, Boots,; Shoes,
, A..   Men's,Furnishings: •
'y-.'',/.-A-Ay -A*. ■■■-..- .,>* :, v •y-.y
A Groceries, Fruits and .
■?• 7 •■/-," -.provisions '"."'■' s' ?
Stephen T. Hurrible
' ■ V
Dealer iri
Hardware,   Stoves/ ^Ranges
y Fancy Goods and Stationery
■ *.-     . i. ■ ■ . -•  *"-*'.,..»'.. -   ft
'BELLEVUE ; --'    ?      A      Alberta
Hillcrest, Alta. \
*!*-,"' ■
Clean and Comfortable
a    Tasty Meals
•   Jf" <   H-HOHMMMW-i J
...    ' , ,11 - , - ) _       . _       I
Choice Wines j Liquors; and Cigars
'   H.J. CUNNINGHAM^Proprietor
,   We carrv a full line of * ,
'* t '**'', . '   -   ■ i   - r -
Red Feather & Tartan. Canned Goods
I   ' -v-
-  *     .      ;*,*»
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone103        :*:   v  Frank, Alta.
Special Sale of Flatware
Bone-handled Tea or Dinner Knives, at;$1.25 por half,doz.
1835. Wallace Bros. Tea or Dinner knives, $2,00 per half doz.
% Doz*. only Dinner Knlvos, best,plate, $1.75
V_ Doz. only Toronto Silver Plato Tea' Knives, $2.25.
1847 Rogers' Bros, Dinner Knives, $2.00 per halt.doz. •
Rogers' Best'Plated Table Spoons at 45c. each,   '     '
Wm. Rogers and Son Table Spoons $1.75 por half doz.'
18-17 Rogers' Bros. Table Spoons, $2.75 per half doz.
' 18.7 Rogers' Bros. Dessert Spoons $2.50 por half doz,
Tea- and Dinner Porks, bost plate, $1.75 per half doz.-*
Wm. Rogers', and Son Dinner Forks, $1,60 por half doz. '
Wm, Rogers' and Son Al Tea Forks, $1.75 por halt doz.
And Nothing but the Bost in Frooh
and Smoked Moats, Fresh and
Smokod Fish, pdlry Produco, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., ao to
8AM GRAHAM. Mimger
oS& Co-Operatjve, Coleman gtf_-
"The store that is owned by the people"
Tl _l Jl 'Children's BUonBOTrOOLSIIOFiS, $1.00, $1.80 mut $2.00 pair.
ehllflron'fl CANVAS WTOWV-Hta., Wto., rind TOo, jtiiv
Men's 0ANV_AS SHOES, 00c. pair. ' •      ■  ■
A largo stock of SADIES' SHOES just In, button and Wc, $1.80 to $4
Tho only gaimino SLATER SITOE FOR MEN, $4,50 and $5.00, .
AM1TFT.RT or T.WCKTK MINK ftHOWR. %9, Rft tn $iY05.
Nowesi flhndoH in LADY CLOTIT, wido, uplondid quality, $1 yard; in
navy, tnn, Rrocii nnd black,
White or Bluo SERGE, 70o. nnd OOo. yard.
SATIN CLOTH, ovory fihndo, BOo. yard.
OASHMERETTES. 7 yards 00c.
A groat variety of WASH GOODII AND TRIMMINGS, from 10c.
1 Patterns on Application1
Goods 7'7i.A?'-rAyyV'7   *""• >77''y'^yyy7y>*'yyyy^7y\yy'yyiyyy ■-??,:.• ;;./i*;:.'. "iy.-y-iy .  ■■i *,-_■.-. -
"""--".    ■■'*?     *.    "  •"'   '   -'   ?■' '■'/-   A ■'■<"' --""-".   ■ ;." ■' '••■ '"**. .      '' '"' ".*'."". '■•; .--j';  ? '
V -
.'-.   Another, menace to tlie,coal Industry
and this Iii" th© form' of an oil' engine:
',' Dr? Rudolf Diesel of Munich, Germany,
, is in , the United - States introducing
.. and demonstrating the application .of
Shis" invention which will serve not only
for stationary purp6se3,L'but alsbvfor
"" the.propulsion'of vessels"., A building
-13,under construction in St .Louis for
the manufacture' of   Diesel engines?
' More than.-tw'o'hundred'aridffifty en-;"
gines, varying'in' size/from.^kevanty-
five,' to four hundred and fifty horse-
- power? each, _are* today- in,, successful
. operation in different parts of the United States:1,. A large percentage of
.these installations are in commercial
light, and power companies' and muni-
.  clpal lighting works, which formerly,
were, using coal. \. ^Anions** the larse
.  number of,such plants supplying pow-
* er to general manufacturing works are
■ mining companies, ice? plants, locomotive" works, piano and optical goods
and, jewelry plants,  machine  shops
' - and a number of leading textile mills.
' Tlie latter select the engines for their
motive power/not only on account, of
- .the remarkable , fuel economy . on
which it works; but on account, ,of the
high degree of speed regularity which
. is required In this kind- of industry
to operate spindles. 7 ''••"      v
y Dr.* Diesel at a meeting'in . New
'- York before, the American Society .'of
, Mechanical Engineers has given an'in*.
. teresting account of his work. - 7 ■ .
The great age of steam, hesaid,_ls
' nearing Ub end, and will be followed"
by the age of oil.?   Oil-is already "displacing steam" and is certain .{o;oust.
■It altogether, because oil is a cheaper,
"better servant, or better slav(e, * than
Bteam.    '   '■'.   A , A1' . ■'   77 ■■ . *
-t i     * .'"   .'•',-« -in -i
Modern' civilization;   like -that   of
.   Greece and Rome, can no longer live
by Its own labor.    It. depends on the
?*slave labor of engines. - -'Man- must
;\ have his slaves, but-he-can choose
7 .among'them those*that ask the least;
, of him,, and give the most.     The oil
^engine, takes*up" less room, consumes
- less."fuel, demands less supervision
arid is less'particular about what*It
consumes than" any other engine in
,,-- the* world?. -.
For instance, a coal burning steam-
,   ehlp ? can,'in'"emergency, keep steam
up for a very short*time on'wpod and
.  .certain other inflammable things that
A-might be In the?cargo, but it cannot
possibly return across the ocean on
' Tt.e oil engine Is'intended for tne
cheapest and most plentiful kind of
'oil, crude petroleum.     If for.some
reason". thereVshouid be a ^temporary,
scarcity caused, perhaps, by, a'strike
like .the1 recent-.coal strike, the oil?
burners.would ,'flll their tanks-.with
most anything that bears the;na_ne-,of'
oil—pure crude oil .is riot at'airfieces-.
sary '"'Residual-oirfrom which vafi-'
ans things have'been refined are-accepted cheerfully by the engine;. Other
oils which are a. disagreeable'and ra
1'ierA" unwelcome-by-product of "the
manufacture'of gas and coke are Quite
acceptable to,the oil engine:,: -Alcahol
and gasoline will. run*, it arid even the
vegetable oils, such as olive-oil, cottonseed, and peanut oil. give no trouble
at'all A -.' v- »•. A . -. ..' .-
"Substituting the compact,'simple oil
engines 'for the bulky steami'outfit ill
a battleship would have these effects:
Iri,.the "first place the' warship'could
sail around the world, fight battles,
manoeuvre and-return without, stopp-'
ing^to take on fuel. Besides this incomparable advantage, such" a battleship would have more room for other
(Purposes than a- steamship. Its engines and fuel being so much lighter,
it could carry more armament and ar?,
mor.-< Oil tanks.can be placed wherever there is waste space in the vessel,
while coal bunkers must be placed
handy to the furnace. A pipe takes
the place of'the gang of coal passers,
a valve arid compressed air displace
tlie crew of stokers.  '•- . '   A
>.The saving effected by eliminating
stokers',and coal passers in,a battleship would depend on her horsepower:
Just what oil burning saves in, a'-con-'
crete'ease Is illustra_ed;by the, British
stiip'Jutlanda, just'being finisti'ed. .Her
displacement is only' 5,000 tons, and-
she - Is°. driven by 3,000 horse-power.
Diesel engines. <$ She, has, - of course,
no stokers-at all, and her complete
engine room force ■ consists of eight
men. Had the Jutlarida been ,en-
gined'wlth steam .her complement
would have been-twenty-five-stokers
and engineers. _ On, bigger ships the
saving is proportionately greater.
The thermal efficiency, of the Diesel
engine, has .shown", steady advances.
It is now exceeding'32.per cent. .This
is against 15.6.per cent by steam from
coal. 7 .   .A   y'
,7 This demonstration of the new'invention does not require, any further
comment: vThe Diesel engine appears
more (than, a menace to "the coal industry, It is rather a revolution, pro-;
vidlrig, of course, that its application
large scale, as the Inventor .claims.
.In such a case, in order tb save the
coal' industry from   the
arid'competition oftheoil engine only
one thing remains to be d6neA"torei
fluest Mr. Rockefeller . to .raise^tha
price bf oil.—United? Mine, ,"Wor__ersv
journal.    . '    -A    A ■"■'/ ;A -A/A
AA.  .  ,THE WATERAGE ?*y' 7
'• The United States Is passing rapidly, from an agricultural country; to an
"industrial-, one, and "thiSitransitljpiijis
accompanied by a; large Increase7ln
power consumption and an. enormous
"drain,,- on. the fuel, resources of 'the?
country.     In 1900 (says' an'-article in
Scribner's Magazine;? entitled "Water
Power in Industrial Life")    the . coal
mined in the United States was approximately 270.000,000 tons.- ..In'.1910,,U
was over 500,000,000 tons,'? an Increase
of 85 per cent, being accompanied by
an increase in population'of.'approximately 20 per cent.    This .doubling
iri the.output of coal over?a decade
hasrbeen the rate of growth! for'some
time, and if continued the 'extinction
of our known coal deposits'will - be a
question of a comparatively few years.
The cost of miriing coal is Increasing
every year; and will probably continue
to do so, even with the improvements
in methods.   Due to the improvements
In'generating "machinery, the efficiency
of utilising the coal for power purposes is constantly being increased,
but a natural limit' is being approached.  It is evident without further argument, that the'interests of the people
demand a rapid development of all the
water powers which will in any way
tend to decrease the coal consumption.
It. has been estimated by the  Geological Survey-that the available water
power of the"United:States at minimum flow Is approximately 36,000,000
horse-power, and that this can be increased five or six times by suitable
storage facilities.    A recent report by
Commissioner  Herbert  Knox   Smith
states .that, 6,000,000 horse-power, has
been developed in the United States
for electrical,and other industrial purposes. ,, ..Before the perfection of else-'
trical apparatus and^ the possibilities
of pi wer transmission, it was neces-
sar . tc utilise the water power at the
poiut nf .'development, arid this'reachod
its' greatest, application in the mills of
New England?' The* possibility of developing the,water power at the point
where it exists',' but of utilizing the
power at the places of. greatest con-
venience/v has been brought about by
the^'use "of .electricity, and this, has
Ken an important feature in modern
industrial undertakings.     Of all tne
great, transmission systems in this or
any other country,1" however, tlmt centering around San. Francisco stands
pre-eminent in the?number of stations
feeding into the one syBtem, and -, In
the very large numbers of miles of the
high" tension transmission.   The high
cost of fuel in this* part of the country
ment of some.of the water powers, and
for a'long time the history of electric
power transmission in the United Stat
es- was largely made .up of that of" the
companies ceatering'around Sari Fran-'
cisco. .The developments .which'started- with the' Nevada' County and? the
Yuba. River plants changed later,into
the Bay Counties System; then into
the California Gas and Electric" Corporation, and now, .with the absorption-of the local lighting company i-i
San Francisco, into "the great corporation known as the Pacific Gas
arid Electric. Company, which is .the
greatest hydro-electric transmission
system in existence*. • On this system will be found the milestone which
marked* the progress of-the?development, of the art, and it is interesting
to .note that in, many of the stations
the inductor alterriator.now a practically obsolete.type of machine in this
country, is still to be found, -. In-addition to the great system of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company, there
are two powerful enterprises;' the
Great Western Power Company and
th8 Sierra and San Francisco Power
Company, which feed into the same
pewer market, and which one might
naturally expect would at some future
all be consolidated into one big system: The. Pacific Gas arid Electric
Company, which is tho best illustration of a large transmission system,
has .installed in water-power plants a
capacity of 93,000 horse-power, and in
steam plants, about 96,000 horse-power
on the entire system. The water storage of these plants for both power,
and-irrigation would be sufficient to
supply the city of Sari Francisco with
water for two years. ■ There are over
650 miles of ditches and flumes, and.
nearly, thirteen miles of pipe-line.
Fiftyrone electric generators supply
the energy delivered to the overhead
wires,;being driven by water wheels,
steam turbines, and engines.
Criticize Ramsay
Declare Scheme to Burn Coal Un-
mined is Impracticable
Acquitted   Royalist  Conspirators  and
Republicans are Throwing
i' Bombs.at Them
' BADAJOS, Portugal, May 27.—Judges at Oporto, who are reported as favorable to the Monarchists' cause,
have .aroused [the indignation of'republicans there by acquitting all the
royalists'-conspirators.- Frequent con?
flicta have taken1' place there in the
last forty-eight,hours, and many havo
been injured.-. " /. y„ "
Nine bombs have exploded, two being thrown against- two" judges. Two
bombs have ben. made for the purpose; of destroying the offices of the
monarchist paper, Diariadoa Gard.,
Troops .have been despatched, by
the government/, as. a., further and
judges, and jury are armed "with revolvers, and'_u« escorted to tb.
bunals by military forces. * '
When'Great Britain was iri the
throes of her mighty coal strike and
starvation . and ruin began to stalk
over the land Sir William Ramsay, the
distinguishel' scientist' emerged suddenly, from.-the silence of his labra-
,tory_ and'assuming the rolo of "Job's
Comforter" startled his countrymen
with.* the announcement that in the
future the coal fields would be worked
without miners, o ' - "
The .way this transformation Avas to
be effected was by putting a bore-hole
to ttie coal seam, by electrically firing
the coal and by collecting the gas as
it came up from the bore. . 7
Sir William claimed .that in this
way thirty per cent of the therrhal
efficiency of the coal might be utilized
as against some 10 "per cent when coal
burned ln a furnace. ,     .
", The scheme could, of course, halve
no effect'upon the strike, but it excit-.
ed considerable discussion, It was a
problems of the more or less remote
futunS so neither the colliery proprietors nor the miners lost much sleep
thinking about it.       •   ?
. Since the strike has passed Into history mining engineers have taken the
matter up with some earnestness and
as far as one, may'judge from the
views they have expressed they are
not greatly impressed as to its practicability..,  A
It is a great pity that a scientist of
eminence should lend himself to this
kind of nonsense, said a practical en.-'
gineer in discussing the matter, and
his views was echoed substantially by
"With what is Sir' William Ramsay
going to line his borehole which-will
stand for rnay days the enormous heat
of a burning.'coal seam?" was one of
the first questions asked.
' Notliing of -.which the ordinary engineer has'a,conception would long
stand the furnace which would be
created in"the! bowels of ^ ttie earth?
But that is the least of the objections
which are put forward. For success
to be - * achieved _ practically every
known-' condition 'of the coal, field
would have to ;be miraculously changed.- "As soon? as the coal commenced
to burn.tliere would be an accumu:
lating mass of coKe, broken stone and
would', fall..'ana  floors  would
would be'small there "would exist no
means of going down and ascertaining
what 'was wrong.-. ' The heat would
give rise to convulsions of every kind.
Nor would there be the slightest guarantee that the gas produced would
ascend by the bore.
. The' great ' probability is that a
lars.e part - of it would pass into' fissures in-the earth and be lost, or accumulate in some pocket until there
was sufficient air to produce ''an explosive mixture which' in one grand
outburst would end the whole expert-
mci.f,      - , >
Tlie posslblo troubles would not end
"How are you going to deal with
water?" asks the mining engineer. -
.   Water in huge quantities is present
in most mines.     As soon as a space
was created by tho burning' away of
a portion of the coal water would leak
down on to the furnace, huge quantities of steam would be generated, "and
it would not.be long before there was
an eruption.     "Sir William Ramsay
would add to the sensation of the country a daily experience of earthquakes
and volcanic    outbreaks on a small
scale," remarked the engineer, "unless
as is more than likely^the water came
in such quantities as to extinguish altogether the fire he had lighted,"   To,
get the gas, in other words, new bores
would have.tp be driven as fast as the
old ones, were destroyed or cut off
from the gas by the innumerable acci-
dets which would be happening in the
inferno beneath the, surface.       ' .
.. Supposing all these difficulties could
be- overcome, and nobody with practical knowledge will admit that they
can,-there remains the-economic ob-,
jection that it would always pay. better to get the "coal in the ordinary
way.'    Sir William.  Ramsay's   -plan
might draw off the gas and some of
the residual products, but   it   would
leave the coke underground. It would
abandon, that is to say, the most valuable fuel for J metallurgical, purposes.
As for .the suggestion that, thirty per
cent- of the thermal value of the coal
could be got by using the gas, there
Ib no reason ^whatever why a~ higher
percentage should not. be   obtained
from coal brought to the surface.:- The
actly the same position as the Chinaman, who burned down his house to
obtain roast pig.* There is no reason
whatever, except the fact that coal
lias been a'-'cheap fuel,.whyJt.'.should
be wastefully employed, and nine- -
tenth's of its heating?Value'-'lost..=*The
processes for the fuller, utilization of
its" power are all in active operation,
and can be extended to'deal with the,
whole of, the, coal .whenever economic
pressure demands more care in con-
suiription." Gas caii be used in gas
engines,- residual oils in oil- engines,'
and,, coke in furnaces. Sir William
Ramsay, proposes ay most wasteful
method of obtaining the gas, The
coal mine worked in the ordinary way
could always be made more -profitable
than his furnace in the bowels of the
earth?' even on the supposition;' which
is not remotely probable, that . any
quantity of gas could be got In such
a way.
Some Valuable Prizes
SPOKANE, "Wash., May 27—Twenty *
thousand copies of the new Spokane
Fair Premium List have been mailed
out during the past week. Any one
interested and not receiving a copy
can secure one by addressing the Fair
Office, 503 Chamber of Commerce
Building, Spokane. One of the at-,
tractive offers in this book is the large
cash prize of $2250 offered for District ^Displays. $1,000 is given for.
apple prizes and over $4,000 in all on
agricultural and horticultural products. Soriie of the features of the
coming Interstate Fair mentioned in
this book are a Big Baby Show, a *
Rock Drilling Contest, a Log Chopping Contest, the School for Farm
Boys, arid the Mammoth -Night Show,
"The Conquest of Mexico by the Span-
lards." $125,000 will be spent In this
six' days' exhibition and it Is expected to eclipse all previous Spokane
Fait records.
creep up cutting' off the burning coal
from the* bore-hole, and   since   thlo
whole of "the gas cah~~be extracted
from such coal, and,the coke can go
to the furnace?    Sir William Ramsay
; St. John, N.B., September" 18th, 1911."
—My brother was 'a great sufferer *
from kidney, stomach and bowel troubles and was given up by two doctors. -
He was advised to try your Fig Pills,
which he did. and after taking five
boxes was' completely restored to
health and is better today than he has
been for years. You can't recommend
Fig Pills'too tiighly.—J. W. Manvere7
is,'' observes another authority; in ex- Book Store.
~7A?t all dealers, 25 and' 50 cents, or
The Fig Pill Co.', St. Thomas, Ont.
Sold in Fernie Eft McLean's Drug and
A City of
The Freight Termiims of the O.P.R. and the Canadian Northern
Railway. f .
The clearing: point of the Pacific Coast;
The city to fill a need.
The city possessing more natural advantages and commercial
possibilities than any other Pacific Coast port.
A city where "Rail meets Sail," therefore a City of absolute
certainty of its future.
i r
Picture its splendid harbor, the finest in the world.    The logical position as tho gateway to the Orient and the Panama Canal for
half tho Continent of North America and all Europe, standing as tho  Torminus of 10^)00 miles of railway lines as thc Western out-
i ■*       > i ■
let of Canada's best cities.    PORT ALBERNI destined to become tbo commercial rival of Vancouver and its industrial superior.
A Port with, an Average Depth of 300 feet
Large Residential.Lots 33 x 133 and tho alleys in the rear of all good drainage and unexcelled view.
~* t «*_, <___<a_n_rt --** ___.__i.e_rfc
^fejj^ B-Hb      wJ!^f*'<fW ^Jli7__y ^2s>vfe2_P     ^;*_y^!-y ^^_y ^SF      *^g***wig» t*SagBa^*l!^___S!_.    "'•Jj^j'^r    zSSss ^^sffP
The Union Land Company, Limited,
NATAL, B.C. *■ ■ ~y. * ■
rf~ _
■-■ i".£*-%*-. *-**-".--/
''"Vy *" ~-y-y ;.-■:"-ir „y
■- -"*-. * *• .".','*
z   ■**„'■ *
.- .-t-;a ^_>,vA*.V   ''-*     j"
~^"S^0V""A^W^'''A '-
•V-   V-;"^.
-. -*a A"?"-'5 7A*7
r;®be: iirfirijcl^febjgfer-* ~ y
-i ..   ,. .   0,-y     -     . . ».-
!   Published every Saturday morning at its officii,
i      .-.'.-, i '.--.&.• ' ■ - •- -* -■ -. -
Pellat Avenue, Eernie,' B. 0. Subscriptioii.*?1.00
per year in advance. h An excellent advertising
? medium. Largest'. circulation in the District. . Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for.the execution of all kinds of book,,job and
color work? Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all co_nnn_nications to The District Ledger.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48 A        \ Post Off ice? Box No. 380
THE capitalist class of all countries are now beginning to wonder if the workers haveat last
. thrown off their accustomed apathy andif they are
now iii,earnest.1'    The apologists of the system
have certainly done their utmost to -draw the attention of the workers to tlie defects of their old
weapon the strike, and it would seem that their .la-
. hors have been in vain, especially is this the case in
Great Britain.    The repeated failures of sectional
strikes has only served to increase the hopes of the
workers in the general strike, and the failure of
labor representatives in the House of-Commons to
do anything of benefit to them has strengthened
their faith in tliis method of attacking capitalism.
The conditions under which the vast majority of
the working class live in,,"Christian England"-is
at last galling them to such an extent that they
seem willing to adopt any means that promise an
overthrow of the present - system of'production.
That these conditions produce, a bitterness of feel-;
ing against the capitalists is not at all unnatural,?
and should serve to enlighten those in this Western
Country.who fail to see the folly of.attempting
to suppress the propaganda of-working class political action.   The present system of production bears
within itself the germ bf its own destruction, and
emphasises the importance of the-working" class
■ being sufficiently educated to take control at the
* critical moment.    Capitalism must "develop and the
workers have to take a hand'in their own interests
and see that their emancipation is accomplished,
^ as quickly as possible, and now is "surely the time to
get in effective work to this end.
,.  The fears of revolution are,being expressed in
Grat Britain,'and""Lloyd. George is credited with
having said that ''anxiety has been expressed1 that
. the structure of society may break'down under the
- increasing-strain of the;wage movement:    But it
THE officials of the immigration'at-Ottawa es-*
timate that 4he immigratori for next, yeaiywill
reach the 400,000 mark." VIn practice^.the trading
'class",have' long -since discarded.^heymaxim. ^hat
"competition is the,the life of-trade" so far as
they' are concerned, having 'discoveredHhaV it-;is?
the death of the small trader, and too wasteful and;
expensive for the large•' one?' **' The;y -still' insist,
however, that it shall hold, good'for the labor mar-?
ket, and while demanding protection for the sale
of their own commodities, take care" that absolute
free trade shall prevail in the traffic,ih labor pow-.
eiy *What kind'of' a-howl would they, put up" if a
Socialist party, holding the rein_r of government, it
was decreed that the articles of prime.necessity,
such as clothing, boots, and food stuffs, should be
admitted free of duty in order to relieve the scarcity"
of those commodities among the -work-fag class
by forcing prices down?    The vilest words in tlieir
vocabulary would be inadequate to express their
opinion of such "class legislation," yet this policy
of government subsidy of immigration is exactly on
all fours- wth that proposition. * Labor power is
the commodity they buy, "and* the only ..thing that
the working class has to sell. ' They sell the goods
produced by the utilization of that power, and demand a protected market, and take' care that the
sellers of labor-power auction their commodity off
in competition wth the whole world.    ,Thoy can do
it .because they have the power—political power,
ownership of the governing power—to do it. . That
power is delegated to,them by.the workers, in ignorance.    When'the latter get as class-conscious as
their masters they will not part with that power,
but will use it to remove   labor-power.from the
list of commodities, and,substitute production for
use for the present mode .of production for-profit;
Then the' labor'market will have ceased to exist,
and men, women and children will not have to sell
themselves in any market, competitive or otherwise. ,   '       ,   «,*.      "    .''    7        *"'"   '""-*-
'    1.1 _      . - - -- ,-	
!"° Whilst .the Bussiah peasants are starving, the
government decides it-needs $251,000,000 for navak
expenditure. ' It is'' obvious. the , protection tht.
citizens of that land need from the incursions of
foreign foes, who are" likely to envy the conditions
under which these workersare'living. How beautiful is patriotism; ..,"y
******.. kkkkkkk k kk'*k *******
W ¥ ¥ » ¥ ¥ yt'v V vV ¥ » V,Y WY ¥ V Y Y V ¥ *'
" *- *   -AT I      ' *    ■    .,- - -   if *i" >i-
cannot be removed mefely7by~~the addition ofAf
Minimum Wage Act.     The workers how want a
place in' the situation.     They are now • hot only
reading newspapers, but even books on economics.
.It is'the knowledge that makes the difference?"
■ 'This is the utterance of a Liberal member of the
■British House of Commons, and stands in strong
contrast with the attitude of Claude Lowther, a
.Tory M.P., who suggests compulsory arbitaration.
-However, the solution of the difficulty does.not lay
-•in the hands of such gentlemen, but is for thc working class thomiselves to decide.    In knowledge lays
tlieir power, and it is quite evident that there are
manyin tho ranks of the workers who are nt last
realizing thiR great fact.    That the general strike
is the most successful method of accomplishing tho
desired end of the workers is somewhat doubtful,
but at any rate it will have the effect of arousing
the dormant power of the workers and directing
thoir energy with renewed vigor.  , Tho suffering
entailed by a national striko is one of the greatest
factors against which organized labor has to contend nnd it iH always the members of thc working
class who feel most keenly tho results of the conditions resulting from these tactics.    Still it serves
to accontuato tho common intorest of tho workers
in tho overthrow of a system which permits a small
minority to dominate their livelihood with the co-
operaton of those of their class enlisted ns uniform-
'ed HHsasNinH in tho protection of such privileges,
All those fights between tho workers and tho capitalists nerves to show that these troubles arc eventually thrown into the political arena to bo dealt willi
by tho executive committee of the ruling class, who
see to it that the rights of proporty are duly pro-
tooted by tho powers of the stato.     Tho workers
linvo not control of tho stato and it is up to tho
working cIiihh to capture, Ibis powor in their own
ii.torostN, realizing that 'tliey must combine, their
strength on both tho industrial nnd political fid.
that their triumph may bo complete.
Not only in Great Brltnin is tho working cIhkh
movomont taking on nn aggressive attitude but all
over J.iiropo tho flnmcs of discontent aro spreiuliug
nnd "no compromise" is becoming tho watchword
of the workers nil tho world over. Tho intoivs's
of the workers in all count rien under capitalist
domination nro tlio same, and tho discontent in ono
country has its effect on tho ideas of workers in
other countries, and'it is this inter-rclnton that nc-
rmv"*n   fr\V   *'<f   -r-nr.'.*   '..-.vr-wl   r.f   <1.«   «-,.r.*Nit!	
v.'f.rlc.*n» .■■.ir,*. movcini-nl vvvn .._.(. ■._> <-...k.. ^j*...v
neroiM w.ui.lrif*. sn\vh ns Canada.    Tho great problem confronting the (l.-nsscoiiscioiis workers is to
cnlig-fton their apathetic comrades with sufficient
Tn*r»l<*lftv tn trnnn unon ii'UTh  ^nnitnlitrf   Anfnlr.,.t,>n..t
and ijpnn this question depends to a grear. patent
tho peaceful inauguration of the Co-operative Com-
mnnvrWltli. It is well'thnt those who nro so nnxi-i
ou» that the education of the workers shnll not
proceed tnko Jiced thnt they renp not what tliey
now, nnd if tho national hlrike does no more than
h/iifcn fV wills.ifAj-iment of thc working clajo it
The anti-Socialists-of Fernie do not seem to have
got very well posted from Father Donnelly's lec-
,tur^ on Socialism^ at least they do mot seem to have
absorbed any telling* arguments. Perhaps their
.memory is at fault and they are now* getting ready
to^uote ','by the book." 7 • -
It may be consoling to-the-workers to know that
TireTTSletfiodistsyih ^convention have been passing
resolutions for their benefit, but it is also a peculiar thing that when they get to the ballot box later
ori the workers', representative gets very little support from them.'; How tliey anticipate securing
the reforms simply by passing resolutions it would
be interesting to know.
A certain paper in the Kootenay generously conceded the privilege of-devoting space to an.article
by a prominent English Socialist, and in tlie introductory remark? took pains to.inform thoir readers
that this was the limit of generosity to bo extended
to • this question. The' possibility, of further demands on the space of this paper for this momentous question must have caused somo alarm to this
educational medium of the, working class (?)      ■
Tho wago increase granted to tho anthracite
miners in tho United States! has' been offset by-a
raise of 25c. per ton to tho consumer of fuol. Tho
coal operators believe in tho conservation of their
shnrc of the surplus valuo created by labor, and
when once thc workers realize that nil wage adjustments simply affect tho exchange valuo of thoir
commodity—"labor power"—then thoy will devote a littlo more attention to an equitable adjustment of this surplus value.
It is admitted that Mr, Green, our Conservative
member elect for tho Kootenay District, is a man
both unsuitable and not in tho best interests of tho
community nn a wholo to rcprosont tho electors nt
Ottawa, This has been admitted by tho moro independent of tho Conservative Press, and in many
instances his nomination has boon protested by
staunch Conservative leaders, but wo «do these
same men go down to tho convention and whon it
was found that Green had reooivod the nomination
instend of voicing their protest mado it utinnimous,
Tliis was considered in tho interests of their party,
and only goes to show that principle in a matter
of this kind is n vory secondary com.d-.ri.Hon, Further, Jlr. Green, as a.member of tho McBrido
Cabinet wns mentioned in connection with many
unsavory maltors, nnd in fnct it is openly stntod
hu hml to get out of tho ministry. It would seem
thnt tho "mnchino" hnd to hnnd him n sop so went
to work nnd foisted him on this consUl/mmey, Such
incident., should throw considerable light on the
•dnrirti.*" rtrlnoinl**** n-f Prwcorvntlon. ivM.-.'. thn r\nn~
]>lc of thi<. province by their vote.. In M.p lnnt vnm-
pnign have .seen fit to endorse.
_-*•■" 7*v. ."•"'Chickens-' A 'A.",.«■ -r7
ThVnext'two'feeds"should be**a"re-
petltioii ofjthemorning.feediylth-Jihe
addition "oif broken chicken, Tice.hoiled
for - f if ten 'niinutes" only,'then", allowed'
to cool? and^afterwardsVrub. through
fine<oatmeal until.^rfectly"dry^and
crumbly,, so "..that the" chicli; can-pick
it * up ? easily ^without*-' adhering to f its-
bealc.*'.- Only(sufficient rice should be
rubbed ■ through' the oatmeal/that is'
necessary'for each^feed.'.as. if the
whole'lot .of the ricels' mixed /with, the
oatmeal it would not keep sweet near-
ly.so long as when "kept'separate and*
mixed whon required., 7-eY*.
' This meanu Bhould be'eonthmed- for
the first two weeks.' 7 At this'age tlie'
biscuit meal", * after "being scalded,
should be. mixed with oatmeal and
middlings,,, a litle animal food such
as cooked lean meat, chopped fine and
given alternate] days'at noon. This
should* be given very sparingly' "'at
first, just a few picks each, and increased as the chicks grow older.* (
A little is highly beneficial, but too
much will'soon cause looseness of ttie
bowels, therefore the condition of the
chick's droppings should be your guide
as to the quantity required. Should
there be any signs of diarrhoea, leave
off the animal food, and feed mostly
on the oatmeal mixed with milk, and
bread and niilk alternately.
,' At' a fortnight old the .last feed,
which should.be given as'late as possible, should,be small wheat, or broken wheat arid brown'groat&^-not the
floury groat's, as the latter are not
good for the chlcks-^-or else a good
brand of dry chick food. Where chicks
are kept lri confined runs* and are riot
allowed access to,grass, they should
have a liberal,,supply'of grass, .cut
very fine, or lettuce, but do riot thro v
down too much at a time, only sufficient for each feed, otherwise it will
"become tainted by' being. trodden on,
and?do inoreharm than good. At this
age fine fl"rit"grit'should"be'given-and
continued.      ■     \      ■"•
At the _-go of four weeks the feeding
cnn be reduced to five times daily,
and the rice omitted from-the-diet,'
but as the.chicks are then growing
fast arid making'bone it ls important'
that: they should be fed with good
sound grain as late as possible .- at
night,*'as this wilbsustain them much-
longer than soft food.
.. Where.size and bone are the essential" qualities required, and where 'the
chicks are" inclined to show sign's of
leg weakness,'-'a .little bone ' meal
should be added to the softwood once
a day,-and fresh green bones ground.
regularly?' _*_.t"six weeks or .two
months the biscu'it.meal for. morning
feed in addition',,to'"oatmeal and fine
middlings 'should1' have a handful* or
two of peameal added, and this mix-
tare can be giveh' two or three times
dally for some tlmei'b'ut sound wheat
and groats should always be. given
last thing at night.1' •' s
The chicks, will'now be able to leave
the hen','and if 'tho nights are cold
the coops should^ have a good supply
o'f hay at the bottom, not only to
.keep them comfortable, but also' * to
preserve .'the breastbone from becoming crooked, which, in many varieties
ls a very, serious', fault that' should bo
guarded against andcould be prevent-
ed if this plan-is .adopted. J.A.ly-A'-:,
-- When the chicks have, attained* the-
age' of. six 'weeks*' old the "cockerels-
should be separated ,fr!pm .the; pullets
and the culls weeded.,outA'„ Cockerel's
and pullets 'should havV separate jruns*
to themselves?i0y\ V.-yf-.y. _y ^7"-.'-?
^here-this^pla"n"*7isr---adopted* the
chicks thrive much -better"; and;, also
settle down more kiridlVrthan?wh'en
both cockerels and pullets,arealiowed'
to- run together. -; _3houId?/ however,-
any of'the cockerels * stow pugilistic
signs it is best'to* putari'old bird-down
among them'-.to'keep '.order,"'and'.'let.
him remain with them during the _*ea-'
son. y .' > A Ay;,, '*:.(yAA,."
'-• Having separatedythe.?'sexes, and
found suitable"1 roosting 'quarters- the'
next question will be-perches..._    '
_>'._> - .._ •'■ yyyy'
Classified Ads.^-Gent a Word
FOR RENT—Store in the, Eckstein
Block.    Apply, Cree and,-Moffatt. -v
Every convenience,'*batti-room,; etc.;
Moderate rent', Apply, District Ledger. "    ■  ' " *'   V-- «"'" -;
FOR SALE—EGGS for Hatching?—
From Pure. S.C.W. Leghorns, _ No. .1
pen, $1.50 per'doz., or'$10^50 per 100.
No. 2 pen, $L00 pier doz., or $7.50 per,
100. "* Apply," S. J. Harrison, Wardner,
b.c'  '■  '  '. 7 "'     •"     'A   .'
FOR SALE—Three,shares' in the
Fort Steele Brewery. ' Price, , $275.
Apply to U. N. C, Frank, 'Alta."
-FOR SALE—Cottage on .lot about
120 feet square, the proporty" of. Mr.
A. H. Cree,- who is leaving Fernie the
first week/in June:'.Will' sell the
property as a whole,"or will subdivide.
Can be purchased at a bargain; and
on very, easy-items.- "Apply to'A, H.
Cree. ■ '■ ""' *.■-_■-.    .- -  ■
FOR SALE—A'Charles A.1' Cypher
Incubator, to hold 150 eggs. Apply,
District Ledger.       "'.'■     *
FOR SALE~Why7pay rent'.when
$16.00 down and $16.00 a month will
uy a Five' Room Cottage: wood shed
and a good well on main Btreet in
West Fernie^ Apply E. , A. , Lezert,
Cranbrook^B. C.'  •■   .    '.   , ,'.
. ,; {   - r      „,    LOST ,
'TWO'HORSES—One sorrel! mare,
branded on right shoulder "C"; one
dark bay mare branded "L.T" ? Finder-please notify .Dominic Guzzi, ,Clty
.Transfer..... - ', ,, „ 'f0-2t.p,
; TO RENT—$12 per month; a 7-room
plastered House jn West Fernie.''. Apply, I. Foster,' 221, Morrissey Houses,
Coal,Creek; or'R. Jones. West Fernie.
,.,-?. y   , . ■-■ . y •„'--.41-itp..,
.'FOR , SALEjr-3-roomed Plastered
House; quite hew. terms, part .cash?
Apply, J.- H. Goacher, .Mason .Avenue.
' ': -A    ; ; , . *-' ",V**i--ttp
FOR •SALE--E,ght-r'oomed House ■.'_
'fenced; in West Fernie on three-quar?
b»rs of an acre clOd'-.d and cultlvato*!.
Will sell for $1,400. or to quick buyer
easy terms.    Apply, District Lelg ir
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosohonol restores every nerve In the body
7 K ,to its proper tension; reitores
vim aud vitality. Prematura decoy nnd all sexual
weakness averted at once.. Fhosplionol will
make you n new man. Price »3 a box. oi- two fm
55, Mailed to any address. The Spoboll Ilruy
IV.,, Bt. Ct.tliarin.fi, Ont.* '-
For 8ale at Bleaidell's Drug 8toro
Tho trinl of 11. P. Pott.ptoco in Vimeoiiver do-
liinnoh'OTriii   4\ii*f   41>a   r*. nl t ft a   -ava   0 f ♦ ft v»   ^mi*.   ^*P   rt    Jtif
i'»n»'ii*«*|l      ».     ,.■..».       . 1 ■    «■>■  ^ 1 ■«   »/ *.   w«   t.fc*. 1
ttirbinfr fnctor thnn thoBO thny propoHo to mnko tho
vintini'i of tholr offfcinl InstnictioiiH. Tlmt tho do-
clfiion rigaiiiRt Pottipioco would not liavc mndo nny
mntorinl difference in hi« ntftmling with or(rnniz(>d
lnbor wc nro convinced. Hi« nrroat wnn n moro
fnroc nnd thero wna no other wny out of tho mc«ii
The Quain Electric Co., Ltd.
Electrical  Engineers
Electrical Supplies & Fixtures
Si Vncnm
Telephone and
Powor 1 lino
but an acquittal. Thcae caries do not odd.muck
ennnot l»o xnid that it wan nil in vnin. Tho triumph | luntrc to the cause of enpitalist lnw and order, nnd
of the workers U only ft fjucstion of time, nnd the j if flnylliinf,' only nerve to show thai their method!,
time .<. in the hnnd* of the wnjfe worker*. When pencrnlly tend in an opposite direction—to »tir up
tliey know enauph then will b>» the time. 'dkorder.
/iv^v."'?*'>■•■.: ■■
■ *".'.V..-' ,-' '     -    -.-
. ,(/*
VJ'-'-h.v ,-: ;.:■' V 7-vy -v';. ■■:~-j*.
^^X'-^yr^>ys^.^i^;yy% f v
Get a Water Motor Washer
arid Be Happy;     ;>
',. Furniture
, The Home of Daylight' Pictures y  .
Friday & S^unlay ^pgra,m
The Telephone Tanglie
A,- 1. A* A'-'A f   "■""?^Comedy   /  --*.     *, -7 '*   "" :   •_
\Billy's Nurse.       ,
Northern Venice
-   . •" .  -y..       * -'   -  .A"    '-    "      '■',     ".   ■*."
.   ■ . A ', ,'   ^    . Scenic  .    y - '-*   "'"'■'..•-,   '■
■ *" »   *     A   *. " •    .   " ". A    - S    -''..'   -A
A Hove of Long Ago
X-' .? t- „A Dramatic..* A'  .!;- v. 7   -'   •    ■
The Strength of .the Weak
*   .      -77 ■   -A.'.   *, «f Drama °-*; >S  _,.■-,, ....   •-.,,.,*.,
Second of the Bison i.01 Western Series
V .-.<!'" '1    '      .   '    1 *.,        '   1-
Our orchestra plays all the latest hits
Fres to Lady Patrons-Beautiful Silver Spoon
For two coupons, isauod Tuos., Thurs., & Sat. Matinee
See our "Special Sunday" Program
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
H«d Office
Cranbrook, B.C.
Fernie & Medicine Hat
W* 1VI*J'JbJHJM1^.1 JS%S
Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
{] Enprmvinfr
High class selection of
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
Try The Ledger For Job Work ty.::
~*. sU"-r."-r,
-.*- ,
*,.. j
THE p^'__BIQT;,LSp,GER, FERI^yB.^. JUNE '■■£. 1912
Y   ~ 7 .^»'»¥>¥.¥y¥¥¥¥¥¥.¥¥¥¥¥¥V¥¥¥,V¥Y¥VY¥V¥»»>
1 ,-5 T '. :r  '*** * '--"   .'. ~   .-Vi    "' ,.'-*"->  ***   .. * "      ,.*  •*..    *   - rj     ..-" ..."     -.* ..*- '^y ' .' '- • ,   -   ,
„-._..• -/'
■ r • ■, - - J"
.COAL-CREEK-;'"'-' AA-'V
^ .Coal-Cf^lc Footbairciiib had Hosm-.
;. er.; as ?o'pp'6nenta; up' here\ on? Friday,
■ May- 24t_i.'V \The*?matclywa3 only',7a
"name' af fairy Coal Creek Running out
* \ winners.four lip ^nilTATA' . "7 'A- •
*/ '.'On, Saturday Coal CrMk^uniofs'en-
? tertalned Fernie; Juniors in; the fire.
' 'ground of the Llphardt Cup, Coal Creek
,.' Juniors' having', the best of • the' play
7 7 as evidenced by the score — Coal
ACreek 5. Ferniel. '"We shope, they
.-will do as well 'against Michel .at
.! .Hosmer on Saturday. '  Play up, Jun-
* !l6rs,-we look to you to bring .a cup
"to Coal Creek,   "-  \   "   7    ;,   "'
- "Scotty," one of the Fernie Juniors'
, -full backs, .met -with van accident' up
here while playing In the cup match;
he haying sprained his" ankle.".! ; We
■* hope he Ib nonethe worse by now. -
*'... Jack Come and Bert Booth' left tlie
.' ,camp for' a trip; to'.'the old country,
Jack ,to'Cumberland and Bert to Old-
"ham, Lancashire.'?- '   ■   .        ,-,,:
';   Welsh.? Camp ' is ; getting' notorious
.,'7 lately as a happy .hunting;, ground; of
chicken1 'Stealers:.-,''.-Several? budding
„,. roosters have been mlsseii and on Saturday night laBt the'marauders 7 were
disturbed .whilst attempting to break
( in a raowt hutch, belonging to Ueorge
•■ 'Lamont. "   '   '* ' * '. . > .
I Last week-end marked some festival
: of the;Greek Catholics, and the Slav-
. qnianBand memDe;rso._,'that faith-held
* high-revels j ;iots of good Cheer being
put out'•_ signc. .,7"!"1-   ■' 7' r",7 '
, c f- The boys at the. Club held a smok-
■ -,er on Saturday night?' Mr.- Mutz'-nf-
* plying., the beverage.17 Tom "France
occupied the chair, and vTo'mmy, Hutchinson supplied the music. ..Those..who
inson supplied the music. . Those who
,  participated In the concert are:  R.
. Billsborough, J., Brennan/* P Dawson,'
■Wm. Young, W. Yates, Geo.. Barton,
"Joe Davies,,Wi R.,'Puckey,. SamMc-
" Murray, Jack Hewitt; Dan Oliver, J.
,  McMillan,. Geo., Crabbe, Joe Hewitt,
the Boys*.'"'7  --".'7 ", A*" '   •
^   News has - been received in camp
that the widow and four, children of
. the late J.-Wattleworth' (who lost his
life on; the track -.by' being .run.' over
-sby the,engine,on the night of A!pril
7 13th)1 are destitute, "a committee' has
~been formed' to make arrangements
'.'j-^_ ..;• v..
to be held qn;June*"17th;y The com;'
ihlttee Intend, making a house to house
canvas for'the'p'urpose of selling tic-
kets. , A good* programmers,being ar-,
ranged aridllr. John.Shanks. has kindv
' ly consented to preside. , Now Is a
chance to' show - practical -sympathy.
The board of. management' of the
C. C.lAand A. A. beg to heartily thank
subscribers to the'fund ;of the children's sports held here-on< May 24th for
. the generous and .'whole-hearted manner in whlch.they responded 'to their
appeal. The day-was an Ideal one
for sport.
".■' After tho sports a free .'dance took
place in the Club Hall, which was continued .until tlio Bmall ^hours of, tlie
morning. ; Mr." James Davison supplying tho iuubIc' •'
/Quite a largo number of mlnersVore
(present on" Saturday watching tho flro
bossoB In tholr experiments wltl^the
Draeger life saving apparatus at the
Coal Creek Rescuo Station above No.
1 East.. Photographs of .the fire
boBBos wero afterwards taken in their
rescue coBturaoB,      , i
Percy HoBkoth w(ia admitted to tho
llOBpltiil laBt Sunday with a bad knee.
Batleo __.0Bomo.rn, employed on the
* tlpplo as a car coupler, wob caught between' two mlno cars nnd had two fin-
gorB badly crushed., On tlio samo day
J. Whlmster, employed In No. 1 South
mine had his hand crushed.,
• Tom Addison hud a boom fall on
him, whllo at his work In No. 5.
Tho Rov. C. II.-'J. Hannnn will bo
back ln his old place at the MetliodUt
Church on Sunday.
Mr. Robert McFagan arrived In
camp on Wodnosday from Bonnlo
Scotland, Wo bid yo wolcomo, lad-'
Tho following '.Ib tho Conl Crook
team arralnet Fornlo to bo plnyod at
Conl Crook on Saturday, Juno 1, Kick-
off at 0.16.
IlanriB, goal! MpLotohlo, W. Parnoll;.
Yntofl, A, McFngan, R. Johnson, halves; OoWoy, Gommo, W. McFagan,
NlRhtlnftalo, Patoroon, forwnrdg.
Will have..to, buck up If 'you mean ha*,
lng alook,.-in;>^,>v-.-.^>v?.. c--'.^N'" j
■: -A*''con<5ert^_m^ancej'*wa'sTgiveh* by
the1; %eUeVu«^.ml__ers^__i-^'t_ie;. 'Socialist
tion was'*made to' Mr.'J.1 ]& Macdonaid.
ex-superintendent "fof   the   Bellevue
mines.-/- ?.The'^,hall was packed, to?its
utmost? capacity and* a, good time was
spent? " Thej'artists who contributed
to. the. programmed were ;Mr.r David
Hutton, Isaac Hutton, and Mrs. Walter
Miller.*; "The Bellevue*Band-played selections"?    , The chair -> was taken' by
Mr. Donald MacKay," who also presented Mr.'. Macdonaid with a gold watch
on behalf of the miners and said how
scrry the men of the Bellevue mines,
and also the trades people were/to
lose such a good man, as Mr., Macdonaid had been the time he had had
control of the mines. .--Mr.\ Macdonaid
said it was both" a'happy and sorrowful time for him.'; ,,'He'was sorry" to
leave the camp, .but he was overjoyed
by the way theTolen liad" treated -him,
on .his leaving them. t   He went on to
say -that' he could not tell anybody
where he was going to' move to, but
if."any of them came to he place' wheie
he was" lie would "only be too  pleased
for them to call and*"see-him.'1 After
he had finished the ban'd played "For
He's a Jolly,. Good Fellow,", and. the
people in. the hall sang it Fheartily. We
all 'wish him-the best?of prosperity
wherever ,he.may,'go. __.     .,,  '*,.' '" :-
', We .'are also sorry,to hear, that" Mr.'
Albert Hallworth, pit-boss atthe Pros-*
pect. Mine, is. leaving the -.camp? „.?"■ Mr.
Hallworth was /weil respected; by all
who .knew him* and,tho"beople'of Bellevue, are sorry .tov part "with' him.-rMr?
Hallworth, with Mr/' Macdonaid, was
respontlble for getting the mine' into
shape after the explosion and every
credit is due to" Mr. Hallworth for the
way in which he risked his life at the
time .of ,the explosion for' the * safety
of his' fellow workmen.     Mr. Hall-'
worth; and. Mr. Macdonaid, were, both
on the school-board.., -We have not
any idea where'Mr Hallworth,is going
but we all know that, like Mr. Mae*'
donald he will be pleased to see-any of
his old-friends from Bellevue at any
time, and we.'all wish 'for .him .the
same that he may prosper wherever he
may,!go.  ■      , -     ' ,'-:    ''"     - .   •_.
; The Bellevue boys held a/smoker
in the' Socialist1 Hall on' Wednesday
last *andrhad.a good-time.'  *. '     *'. • .
'" -' '     - " -J?-A- " •'"    •• '-
^^^*»¥V»'y»^Vy¥V¥¥¥.y¥¥¥Y¥¥¥YY¥»¥ tuiMMM^^ff^yffy^y^^^^
♦ ♦
(Received too late for publication In
our laat Idaho)
Mr«. aoorgo Godwin wn» In Fernie
last week-end and spent the time vlHlt.
it\K her friends thare,
' Mr, Lather, Goodwin spent two dayg
In LothbrlilRo lng. week,
Mr. T. FiMhong haa removed from
...n.levn« to Kljip.
Tho Rev. W. II. Irwin attended the
MethodlBt District meeting at Mac
I*o*i on Wednenday and Thursday, nnd
Mr. B.' W ChrUllo was the delegato
from IJoltom. ••"Tt_lTv*f|,»PViir
ncTFflvuo phy«d Coat Crcok at football on Saturday la it and showed the
CrccK the war rouuJ thc ahop, Tim
game was lively and both teams tried
hard to i^t tbe upper hand of the oth-
er, but the DelMvnn noys wew able
to put it on to Coal Creek and won
hf 1—-0.    My Trord, Coal Cret-lf, jou
Church on Sunday was the Rev. W, H.
Irwin who will also preach on Sunday
night.'".'   "• ■*/. .     -."     y   '
The election of two trustees for.the
Bellevue ..School Board ,*^as ..taken on
Tuesday^ and' a lively time was spent,
The nominations were: B; W. Christe,
J. W. Cole,' Donald Mackay, Walter
Warn. " -Result—E. W. Chri'stiei; 24;
J..7W. Cole, 24; D. MacKay,. 21;, W.
Warn, 20: *-      S«    ' 7 : A. „
The -stork has. again been vlBltlng
Believue,nbut this time Btay'od at
Denaby Row (late .Slav' Town) and
loft Mr and'-MrB. Harry Quigg'wlth
a fine,daughter. ,'" ' •' ' >,.
' ,Mr and Mrs. Jack. Raynor left Belle
vue" last .Wednesday for Bowdenl".
• The mines-have again Btarrei up
and-nearly all are back at'the.r old
Jobs again. -   .
.Joe Cooke has ben put on as one
of tho fire bosses at the No. 2 mine,
, Mr. Tod Sherman, of Maplo Lenf,
loft, on Wednesday's local for his old
spot—Coal City—where lie ls working
with one of his* old frlonds, W. Cooko.
Mr. Chaaj' O'Brien M.P.P., wan ln
town on Sunday last,
Georgo Knowlos has moved up to
hlB now 'blacksmith*!. Bhop at Bollovuo.
-It Is rumored that tho "Yorkshire
Villa" will bo completed by tho wook-
< Tho Bellovuo boys hold a dance in
the Socialist Hall on Friday last and
had a god tlmo. Tho muBle was rendered by Mr. Crawaord'B Band from
While J. Bvaaa was working In the.
No, 2 Mlno -.ollovuo last Monday, a
portion of the top coal camo down
and injured IiIb back,
MIbb Ruby Irwin loft by Tuesday's
local for Stavoly and Calgary, whoro
alio will vlHlt frlonds.
Tho Bubjoct nt the Church "on Sun-
da was "That Boy of YourB." Preacher, Rov. W. II, Irwln, Tho proaehor
for next Sunday will bo Hoy. Wltcher-
ly, of Llllo.
Tho Flnlnmlors had a picnic up tho
Llllo road on Sundny and' afterwards
had a good tlmo In tho Socialist Hall.
A tow ot tho Bellovuo boys visited
thc Blairmoro Opora House on Frldty
and Saturday last to soo tho play
"Tho Saaw Man" nnd "Tho 8ta.npoi.i_,'
nnd r*>t»f»rt n i»nM tlrem
We are sorry to hear that thn Aid-
est daughter of Mr and Mrs. Andrew
Goodwin Is sick with scarlet fever.
Mr,and Mrs J. J. Waltors loft for
Calgary on Monday night.
The Ilellftvufl flkHrh Oliih vlsltod
Blairmoro on Monday last and gave
sketch, two songs, two rccltatlohs, and
nn organ recital for tho aid of tho
Woineri's Christian Temperance Union.
A ease was tried at tho court houso
on T_.ti.day wh.<n two boys of Hello-
vuo were charged with stealing a box
ot Kuods from the C. V. It depot Thoy
woro sentenced to two years in an Industrial school.
Mr. Perry. Miss Perry and Miss
Rodger* vlsltod Hillcrest on Wednesday afternoon.
Some men of Believue", look--, after
their wives well, one being/seen/the
other day hanging but thptwashiug—
..'Husbands, obey your, wives!.' '-•,...
*. Mr. and . Mrs. Bardsley. entertained
a few of their friends atTtiielr* home
on Tuesday evening and a'gobd'time
was. spent. .,v_"?    y.:r."
♦ The/Rev..W. H. Irwln'expects to be„
at the Methodist* Conference at '..Edmonton this week.' /'     •'"•■-" y-7'-:'-
A "cold" and enainelcuff link-was
lost between Belleviie and Hillcrest
station' on Sunday last A-Anyone finding the""same' and- returning"*to the
C P. R. depot will' be-rewarded.
The Hutton family entertained some
of their friends to a social on Tuesday night'and had a'good time/   -
♦ +>* ♦♦♦.♦•»♦♦♦♦ «.
;♦    ' ,♦
♦ .    HOSMER  NOTES.      '     ♦
♦ •'    "Looker-on." W
♦ .♦ ♦..♦ ♦•••♦♦♦♦♦ V'<»
May 24th passed off very quietly in
Hosmer.. A good number'of the boys
took-in the sports at Bllco. and some
of them-'were disappointed at there
being no foot races to. take part "in.
A-few* went to see the sports at Cranbrook' and reiport a'very.enjoyable day.
Whilst the footballers 7 .visited Coal
Creek and got the cold shoulder—four
goals , tp nothing, and not even an
orange (pr..part,'of\one) at half,time!"
(Oh, dear;-some people do expect such
a wonderful lot* of attention!)    '
Mr? Ralph Smith is paying a'business .visit to-his ranch" in the Windermere Valley this' week. '
. It is reported" that Bob -McTaggart,
who is now working on-a prospect up
the'Elk-Valley has ..shot one of'the
finest specimens of a bear (silver tip)
that has been killed, in East;K6ote'nay
of late years', the hide measuring up-"
wards of 9 feet from tip to tip. 1 '    '"
Arthur Wight. (Jumbo> has quit the
government road job and Joined the
C. P. R. Bridge .gang at Elko. "'
' Negotiations are being made by the
authorities, of Stanley Park, Vancouver,* for/the purchase'of the young
grizzley caught by Louis Severairer
last springjoii Mount' Hosmer.   -.
Sydney. Hopkins, late manager' of
the local Co-Operative Store, has secured a'.situation with the Hudson
Bay Co. at Calgary. *        .      '       '
men throughout the length and breadth of the'country ..ah assist one another by purchasing union made goods
and having nothing else, thereby cutting out"the prison-made- goods. . It
certainly requires a5 bit of a^rub up in
this city for the majority of the workers'seem'.to be getting regardless or
rather careless how' things go as long
as'they get workjyA " ' -..
At-present the "bricklayers 'are
threatening "to-strike, in fact, some
have already quit for an Increase^ of
wages from 67% to 75 cents per hour.
The general,impression is'they-are
bound to'win. One feature about them
as far as I can'learn "iB rather selfish.
I understand last year bricklayers' laborers had 35 cents per,hour, and at
the present "time they are being paid
25c. per hour. If ' such is the case
then I say there Jsn't much of the union
principle amongst them, or certainly
they would look after their assistants
and give them a chanceiof a fair day's
wage also.       '. ,
' Both^ mines of the' A. R. and I are
idle 'again today (Tuesday) but it is
fully expected by the beginning of
next week there will be a change for
the better, at least, there are preparations going on all round at' the different collieries, getting ready to handle
big outputs before/tlie fall.'     ,     -
»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥,¥¥ Yy »¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥?¥¥¥
.♦'♦,♦♦> ♦'♦ ♦ '♦'♦,♦ ♦
'■   "'    ""'.'     :. ■'■•■.♦
.   FRANK NOTES *   -*
T 3 ■
4Ei 07T E L
A      BELLEVOe,. Alberta'
; Every--,'
, ■ convenience .
attention    .
Meals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
William Evans, Proprietor
The Frank Wine M Spirit Co;
■ y :. ^Wholesale Dealers in   ,_ '
WihesrLiquor$ and
..'"■    '.■"':'; .  CIGARS,' .'-
Phone-3,, Frank, Alta.'
Hardware and Furniture
We have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
A    . '      ' in the Pass. ' * Everything in    *
"♦ ♦>-♦-♦-;♦-♦-<►'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ -*-
♦ - ,   .>      „ ^
♦ ;       LETHBRIDGE '       7   ♦
♦^    "'" ■        ^.
♦ '♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ '+.-+- + +.+ 4.+
The; 24th May, Victoria "Day. will,.
always be, a memorable one,* especially
for the children of the North side of
the track.' A strong committee had
an excellent programme bf sports arranged for them, having previously
procured! very appropriate'and useful
articles'as prizes'for" boys and girls,
also candles, oranges and Ice"" cream,
which they all seemed to enjoy.
* Iii the boys' race of 75 yards, from
twelve to fourteen years of age, there
were several heats, and ln a'well-con-
tested final J. Watson camo first, with
Logan second and Homolona third.
Girlo (from 12 to, 14) Miss Banks
firBt. M.. Moro second, and- B. Peacock
third-.   . ' ">■>..
GlrlB (0 to 11 years) first C. Stlckel-
lng;-A. Portu and G. Peacock, 3rd.
The chief feature of tho day„nnd.
tlo .una to caiiso the moat oxoitaniGu.
'•ns iljo obstacle ra<in for boya 'i-ll
comers).' First prize, a youiig goat,
which Mr. Eckstrom (proprietor of tho
Ballas Ilotol) waa kind enough to donate four, to bo given aB prizes, two
for.tho bbya.and two for tho girls.
ThiH race was vathor amusing. a_ the
flrta obstaolo waa a tont fixed good
.in<l:tight, but so many got under ht
once that lt was thought nono of thorn
woro going to got out ngnln; nnd thon
getting undor a' plank a fooot high,
wao a stlcklbr for sonio of them, hut
whon J. Zubnck, tho winner, mndo
the' moat headway wa-a in going ovor
tho hurdlOB, and tho way ho cloarod
thorn was a troat to boo for ono bo
"mall. Undoubtedly ho Ib a ' llttlo
champion at tho hurdlOB, But tho ox.
oltoment amongst tho girls In tho
thrend tho noodlo raco, flr»t prtM a
Boat, Ir boyond doBcrlptlon, nil nnd
Biindry wishing to run. This rnco
took ovor nn hour to docldo tho win-
nor, n» many in tholr hnnto to bo t\m
forgot to thread tho noodlo. nut
aftor a doad hont twlco, in tho flnnl,
M.'Hunks wa« firot.
At five in the ovenlng tho program
bolng complolod, Iho day'B onjoymont
for tho youngBtorB terminated to mnko
wny for thoblggor folko, who had a
Boolnl nnd dnnco In tho Minors' Hnll.
Plfty-nino couples trlpptsil tho llRht
fflT\tnf.(lo <r   Tf. .,.    1    1      .      ♦
-'   *w>»->.«_   iwu   _.li_i.^,C'  Ul
.hf. rAfrpRhm^nl*. nr.rt murli rrc-dll Jj.
duo him In tho nblo wny ho carried
It out to tho Bntlflfactlon of nil. There
wnB.mugle nnd wimielnnB gnloro, nnd
nil wont morrlly till two n.m., nnd thon
AH TUfttlV hn«1 tr, tin In „.-.*!.  il..<    ,   ,
ing thoy dlHporiMsd,- declaring that Jt
wai tho bust day's amusement thoy
hnd had for yoais. Tn fact, ovoryono
wn« eo pleavod with tlio affair thnt a
commlttoo hnB boon formed lo havo
anothor good timo on July 1st.
Mr. I.. !_fl Olalr, orgnnieer of A, P.
Of I.., 1* fn tho city worklmr In »h/»
InlorcBta of organlwd Ihbor In gononit
by endeavoring to form, a   'label'
,.'Alex7 Sshmidt started to work in
the mine on Monday.,?     7-
Rev. W. S.:Young left on Monday
morning's Flyer for,"Edmonton, where
he-expects to spend a few!,weeks at'
tending the Methodist conference.*,, J.
D. S. Barnett, of Blairmore, left on
Wednesday to attend the same gathering? ' • ,. y : . :■ ■
*?Mr. McKay visited. Believue on Saturday last. ",.   , <.        '        y":
Mr." P. C. Clearihiie'left Frank on
Monday^ night for Calgary, where he
has received, a position in the wine
and liquor biiisness that is much-more
lucrative than the one he held here In
the same busines.. .-Before leaving
his .friends gathered on Saturday night
at, the home pf,the 'Calabash Club' to
express to him their regret at hisde^
parture. 'Mr..Dubar>as received, the
position.made vacant by Mr. Cle'ari-
hue's;removal. "He^expects to move
his family into ..town soon.
- Mrs. Hilton...ancyson left, on* the
Saturday noon train.'.to make ah extended, trip to her old home in England.-    _*,. . A ,,'■?'! y
Charlie .O'Brien passed through town
the early part' of, the ;W.eeklV  , „,
That Frank is bound to grow is evl-
dent,vthe latest homes to be erected
are two houses which, are being built
by Frenchmen on the hill just inside
the.'fence of Blossomwood- Ranch.
*"" Miss Mc'Crury spent'Sunday at Coleman.' y ,.,,-s
S. J. Watson has closed down his.
store, in Frank.
At the s Methodist district meeting
ln Macieod the necessity, of moving
the Frank church was discussed.' The
distvlc-t promised to aHBlst flnanc|..'ly
ln.__.Jif matter, also ln.'the'puttlnir up
of a how,aiid-' well-equipped building
on tho now townsite, which will have
ln it a gymnasium and. claaa rooms as
woll as a good-sized auditorium.
A meeting of the ratepayers will bo
held oa Wednesday to consider tho
advisability of accepting the coal
company's offer of the now townaito
bo gonorously offered by, tho directors
at Pnris. As this is about tho only
camp that la working Btoady at pre-
aont, Jt Is to bo hoped that both go.
vernmontB will do their duty and help
tho people out of tholr difficulty and
mako this town what tho pooplo expect lt to bo—Jbotter than over,
Mr. Sam Paton, tli'o Spokano Kid,
has roturnod bnck horo aftor a novon
months' vacation whoro ho Ib dispensing much music In tho Union Hall to
tho delight of tho paaaors-by, Oh, you
MIbb Sarnh McTnw' Is taking ovor
tlio Calabash lately vacated by tlio
collogo BtmlontH, whoro alio intends
running a flrBt claB« boarding houso.
Good luck, old tlmor.
Mr. A, V, I.nnK Iijih roturnod lo lown
from hla homo in Cnlgnry, It scorns
nn If he enn't Btny nway,
Constable Roullhy hnB boon promoted to tho rnnk of corporal and Ib
now going about tho Htrcetfl of Frank
with a big Bmlle. Congratulations,
Liquor Co.
• , '"* -.-,"' ''a
1 "Wholesale .Dealers in
Wines \-
a Liquors
°Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Stoves and.Ranges
Granite & Enaraelware
Furniture <,
Carpets and Rug's
Plumbing'and Heating.   ;. Special Attention to Mail Orders
?   Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANK,  Alta, ;  P.O. Box 90
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
. Lethbridge, Alta.
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
■ * ,'.     i *- y        1    / b
!  ,. ' \ Importers of
and Dealers in
Domestic  Groceries
Agents fop Steaihship Companies. New Michel, B.C."
vy<i*fcl ••
On 8nturday ovonlng a numbor of
frlonds mnt In J. fl. Qulgloy'g homo to
honor Mr. Wllllnm Ilutohlnnon, eonl
ft*.............  ...t.. 1   .    ,  ,.. .
leaving tho norvlcc of tho company to
tnko a Hlnillar position up North, Mr
Hulohtnson waa tho recipient of a
handnomo yireiw-nt as a tokorr of r«R-
poet. Tho pooplo of IIHlcroit will
Bndly mil* him n« ho wai alwayN wlll-
IiiKf to «lvo a holp to anything that
wan beno-icial to tho town.
Mr. Ted CIotiRh, of tho HJlkrost
mndo slnco ho was horo boforo. Como
agnin, Paddy: the boya llko to boo
you!     ■
0Mr. Kolly and MIbb Porr, of Bollovuo, woro visiting MIbh McLean lant
- Tho mlno la worl.ln_* Btoady ovory
day and tho tonnago Is Inoronslng
Btoadll, Quito a numbor of now men
nro Btnrting to work ovory day, and
tho prospects of a brink fliimmor In
this town Ib vary flno.
Tho Co-Oporntlvo btoro Ib doing n
nlco buslnOHs and tho peoplo nro woll
ploaood with tholr efforts ln getting
up bucIi an OBtabllBh'mont which will
nlwnys bo a credit to thorn and tho
Quito a fow of our young mon aro
M'.forln*, from a sudden attack of
rheumatism this wook, nnd nn Invnlld
clinlr would bo appreciated moro than
a homo and buggy by thorn.
Thn boya got up a Bmokor for Thurs-
dny night, whon ovorybody hnd a good
tlmo Thoy aro contomplnllni. n fow
moro of thoBO plonannl i*nthorlni.H title
Hotel Btall, wa« vUItlng nt Plnchor
Iwal.   H© attended tha komIIm. of, tli|,« weok.
Ucal 574 TuoBday evonlnr and gave;   V- Hughe*, of Fernl«, wa» a llH.ctMt
a very inturostns addrew and points! * visitor Friday.    Mr. Hu«h<*« w«f wrll
out many way* whereby all union  pleased wltb the progrtBt the town ha*
OTTAWA, Mny H.—Thero wnB a
...uiur if.Uitn »t _ii..u_-triui ncciilontB
to tlm -Jcpartmont of labor during April than In the prwdlng month or in
thc snino month of tlio preceding yonr?
Allogctlior 02 workmon lout tholr llvcg
mn- _,_, 1 tite-M- W-noiiBly injured. 1_io
record of fatal accidental wnn favor,
nblo, thero being 28 fowor fntalltU.B
recordod thnn In Mnrch nnd 17 Iori
thnn In April, 1011. The number of
nonfatal occldonti, howovor, wnB ir,
morn Minn In Mnrrh nnd 1M mnro than
In April 19U. Tho only disaster of
tho mnnih Involving t]l6 death of more
tr-ii.i one u-orkman occurred on ton-
siriKtlon work at' Oallondor, Oi». on
tho Ittif) of tho Canadian No'thorn
rn'lw-ty, whore two men woro MM
by Oyinr ro*k during MssUng or>^n
°    ' .  Dealer In "
Dry Goods, » Boots & Shoes
y Men's: Furnishings a;
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &- Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etcf
Best   Goods   at   Lowest   Prices
..»{._.. ^.
»m •
Let us know your wants.
, 1
All Orders Receive Our  Careful
Slater   Shoes
Wo linvo jiwt opened our largo spring ship-
men! of of thoso fniuoufi rIiooh and liavo tlio
best rango of .$4,50, $r>, and $0 hIioor ovor
hIiowii in iro.smor. 800 tlio now Hfylow displayed tliis wook in houUi window.
A.   MXIXS   As   SON
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
Wc cater to the workingman's trade
G, A, CLAIR :-.* Proprietor
Ysu will find rcllof In Zam-Buk!
II eases tho turning, stinglnn
pain, itopt bleeding and brines
onto. Perseverance, vvilh Zam*
Buk, meant cure; Why not provo
this 7  m VrvQpM **& Xtoru,-*
Every C(.fivenl«nc«i and comfort, Ju»t
tike being at homt,   Ona block
from Pott Office.   Centr»
ally located
«. A. WILKES,   .   Proprlator
PELLAT AVE,     .    .    .     FERNl... y
Mrs: S.7Jennings, Proprietress.
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and Cold  Water.  '
Electric. Lighted
Steam  Heated.
'Phone in every room.
. Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street
,    . y DENTIST -    ',    '   *
Off ice: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hours: 8.30 to:1: 2 to 5.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
,     ECKSTEIN '.&. MacNEIL
Barrister's & Solicitors, Notaries, &c.
Offices:'' Eckstein Building,
,    .    Fernie, B.C.
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and.
the month and to Theatrical pap
ties.   Try our "
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
f. C. Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C
Byv>*Alf.; Buddeii'
, "-'-->
L.   ,H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
Cigar Store
_ i
Is Now Opened
Clean, Cosy and very
Just the,place after the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong
A. McDougall, Mgr     y.-.
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
1 and Dressed Lumber
y. '"~ ■
Send us your orders
Bar supplied with the best Wines,
'        Liquors and Cigars
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay l«_
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything ."
Gall in and
see us once
Nowhere In the Pais can be
found In nuch a display of
* We have the best money
can buy of Beef* Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, ''Imperstor Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welnerv and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone -36
JB.   W.   WIDDOWBON, Asisyer and
Hliemlit, Jlox 0 1100, Nolaon,    n.    C.
barges.—Oolfl. fillver, I_««rt or Copper,
11 o»cli.     Oold-HUvur, ar Sllvor-U'ml,
I.   tt.       r.,.1..,,  p~*  A.v^H  .nMi1*' Pnn*,
eiimfltit. i"".reo.ay'ana..,ses on applies*
tlon. Tho largeet custom amy oflles
In British Columbia.
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Evory poraon likes to bo comfortablo. Wo havo tlio latest
design of steam lionttng nppa-
ratUB In ovory room. Our menu
la tho bost. Wo guarantee sat-
Iflfnctlon. Two blocks from C.
P, II. Dopot. Old nnd now faces
New Michel, B, C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
Membwt of tbo Victoria Real
Estate Exchange
Write tu for Information about
homes and investment*? in victoria
P. O. Box 000
Cot. Port and Quadra flLttrtt'ti .
Michel, B.C.
Lighted -with Tungsten Lamps
Oitermoor Mattresiet
Clean Linen
Pure Food
Rates %2.b0 por day
W. L. FOISY  -  Manager
" Human thought has taken in the" last
few years giant strides forward' . Investigators " in ail fields ;;havo? done
yeoman service. The astronomer, measures the stars," weighs .the 'sun.* a'haly-'
ses the metals upon our celestial neighbors ." performs wonders. v'Tbe-geq;
logist lays, hare the history of ..our
globe; probes it to its molten heart,
uncovers to the eyes'"of modern man
its hoary secrets.     Trllobite, ,Crust-
aceon, Saurian, all surrendef- the tragic story of their lives before the investigations of modern scientists. The;
biologist wrings -from drops of water'
the mlneron and: amoeba,  shows us
our early ancestors, holds up to our
pride -an   ever  effective   check;   he
traces us out, disentangles us as" it
were, until he leaves us emerging from
the forest gloom, at last'men and women.     There' again others take up
the thread, the enthnologlst and "social
Investigator come forward and '   do
mightily.    From primitive community
they lead us .through the agony of
chattel slavery, of serfdom and usher
us into our'present era.   Some wiih
smirks of. satisfaction at. "this "best
possible' of all worlds,", others with
caustic wit and' satire point to the
fact that wage slavery ls just as much
slavery  as its preceding forms and
showing that since all things are in
a  constant change,' that  all" things
obey'the evolutionary law, "from the
simple to the complex," so also does
society.   They have shown how we today stand upon the verge of a revolution; how the machine evolving slow-'
ly. from simple tools 0 has become gl-"
gantic' and complex so that the world
is now a huge factory, socially operat-
ed and-to' be socially owned.   * Science
has la-id down .and-proved the general
evolutionary process, but so far the
Socialists have "been the only people to
carry it along to its full-meaning
This is indeed a triumph for the-bu-
man mind, to have drawn an unbroken
chain from ■ the fire mist or nebula
tb capitalism, is something really achieved. -    ■' ■ '    ■
In contemplating this amazing vista
we are liable to lose sight, of one thing
—the evolution of mind, and the Socialist mind in particular. The Socialists of the intellectual school, parading their egotism under a seeming
desire to-make plain the workings of
Capitalism, to, the humble "plug," insist upon the. nauseating performance,
of one tune." "Labor power Is a commodity; "commodities exchange at
value, therefore," etc'    Socialism is
AirstliiHrnicirv ciaMnlncrv—_tr, lhii_nrnfln!«
^ .  V.»i U.W««... ,, ~t.-»#W******WQ^ V** M\* ..^m w»»w.
ent propagandists we must grasp lt ln
its fulness,' <
, W-e are all • too apt, to forget we
grow; that we,.even we, evolve; that
what so and .so said a year ago does
not of necessity .tie him or her to an
everlasting loyalty? cto   tbat   notion.
Changes occur and recur.   , He who
yesterday was a yelper at the heels of
party traitors, may today be yelping
at those who are standing ln the stage
of mental evolution he occupied at tho
ago of yelphood.    This Is no appeal
for tolerance;.yolpor and yelpee aro
part of the general process by which
the movement progresses. This brings
from our Socialist friends'and also
from a great many Socialists a pathetic question, often asked, and so far
as tho writer knows, never answered:
Why cannot wo have ono grand,unit*
ed party?    Why, do not all Socialists
agroo etc., otc.    We must, to find tho
solution, investigate tho processes of
lho human mind.     Tho evolution' of
tho Socialist mind is n process peculiar to tho capitalist method of production, for wo take it as granted that
ovoryono   understands that thoughts
aro farmod by Impressions of tho out-
sldo world upon the brain,    As tho
outsido Ib then, wo shall oxpoot   to
find tho Inside, and shall not be disappointed."  Tho mind of a human Is
a thing and also a procosB.    With the
contro of tho brain aro connected certain llvo wires, tho Bonsos—foollnB,
finding, henrlng, otc—nnd those aro tho
only means by which wo como in contact with the outside.     ThlB process
Is not tho mind, wo call thorn sense
Impressions, and Just as tho i*'.:.iiro
ln n camera in forced by light, in con-
Junction with tho lonsoR and chomlculs
upon tho plato, still thoso aro not In
tliomRolvoH tho picture, but only '.lie
mothods of making It.    So tho sonso
Impressions,   although   making   tho
mind, must not bo confounded with
thnt mysterious thing.    Tho chief fan-
tor of tho mind lo tho powor of abstraction.
Now tills miitit not bo allowed to
bocomo Involved, simplicity Ib tho ordor of the dny nnd tho powor of abstraction Ir simply thin; '
Tako shoos; our senses inform ub
thnt. there aro many kinds of shoos,
lilRh-hoolod, low.hoolod, black, brown,
rod or green, satin, leather, kid or
rtlnin mntif bnnrrt. Tholr twino is
legion, yot whon In tho courso of conversation wo havo occtmlon to mention
upon in the'mass,-.   No" man "will mistake* a cabbage" for a turnip, or a job
for no _ob.v?,Our senses.do not deceive us, itis our-minds thai;.are" dis-
'torted.."   ,Yet,'" perhaps?- ■''distortion. Is
not "strictly-.true; all that-happens is
this:, ;The problem' of?the .teacher hi
to render.void the truth,'as registered
upon^ our brain by* the* outside world.
Making   a   distinction' between, the
sense Impressions,-, and the mind .we
shall.see.that-just 'aa'.,in society7the
basic mode* of production is absolutely
social' and the method .of' Individual
ownership causes endless , strife and
confusion.    -That. the production    of
commodities today has long slnco outdistanced the mental-conditions, arising frotn individual   production ' and
ownership, leaving that impression as
a last barrier against the proletariat,
lt Is above all things imperative for the
owning class to retain as long as pos-"
Bible** in the working mental process
these archaic notions.    The confusion
arising from opposing methods,of production and exchange is reflected in
the human brain.*. Tho sense impressions'convey a picture'.of things as
they are, the-mind—thanks to the efforts above stated—as they were. Cooperation evidenced by our organs of
sense stand in contradiction to the in-'
dividual teachings inculcated into our
mind. ,« The task of Socialist propaganda is to bring the slave mind up-to-
date, to clear away the old obstinate
ideas of,the past and force,the mind
into "correct relations twlth ithe • sense
-impressions.''' * \
■• It cannot be done in one day, the
years' of master class teaching take
some time to wipe off.* - • The light of
sense impression, of experience, spread
slowly over the average mind and not
until-both are( in accord can clarity
of thought be obtained. •<' ■ ,"
As during the sunrise a land of twilight is seen, a borderland betweci?
light and darkness commonly understood, so between the, light of Socialist thought and the dark of capitalist
notions, Is also a land of semi-light
impossible to be-avoided. Here is the
cause "of. all that want of unity complained of by. those who have valuable
time to spare,,so long as"the mind is
discolored by master class teachings,
the struggling light will create a mix-'
ed and fitful mental glow, the border
land between light and dark, past and
present contain elements of both, how
can it be-otherwise?*- The confusion
of Ideas' exists because we have, students of Socialism in all stages of evolution; turn7qn"more light IN YOUR
'if.' <■'•.-" y.".\t'i'r
1-1 _1 **■ ***_■■ - ~ l.  J.
, .'A,-' ''*■■>.-  - -yy -
and trouble begins.   yTh<A capitalist
minded slave is not at ease, "despite
his' "education"'of mindV^the-sense impressions are const_m.lyJrebuking.him,
so that to himself and at odd moments'
he breaks but into"'rev6lt,'against his
condition.'     One day 'he';hears" a "So*-
cialist speaker or reads"*'a' pamphlet,
some portion of the speech appeals ?t"o
him, it is in accord with*" his impressions and he comes back for, more > aft-?
er a few doses he-becomes ,£ Socialist?
'Just as in the, past the' first"Sb'ciallsts;
had but a faint glimmering of the" real
trouble from .want'of 'experience',and',
fell into "Utopia, so now this new.1 mind
with but a limited grasp of'the social
organism, repeatsJts predecessor's'ac-'
tions, falls for Utopianism too.*    The
early Socialists had to wait the deve-_
lopment of machinery in order to" clear
things up, this one,caii.perform the
feat in a few months if he is,willing,
for, machinery is developed. ,    "'.'    '
He1 becomes altruistic; he talks So-,
cialism all day;   oozes it from every
pore, that is, just as.much as he has
grasped, a few isolated facts appear
upon his mental horizon, the result Ib
—nebula.    ■■ ,J* ' ■ J   - -
He loves his brother; is ready to die
for the cause; he eagerly fastens his
claws upon some other victim and explains that .everything is wrong,, .He
builds castles in the air; constructs
fairy palaces of future peace and happiness. ' Hastens home, if he; is mar-
ried.'and proceeds to convert his wife.
Poor woman! A terrible thing, indeed, is the' wage slave first bitten of
the Socialist bug., ...
The golden rule is his all in"all, and
Christ, the' first and, greatest Socialist.- The red thread' is beginning to
bubble out,' still confusedyvith' much
error, but nevertheless it is there. .
Experience alone can prove what is
true and this I venture to' state" has
been with variations the starting pouit
of. most Socialists, at least it was my
experience. ,    '      .
Turn on* the light, educate yourself.
Changing codes of law and life; changing'modes of war and strife   ,
Change from old to new and strange,
change   In   everything   save—
.- - change. ' * A
' Many never pass this first stage, but
those who go forward suddenly reach
the next spasm. Our Socialist becomes
a stern materialist, "always and everywhere man acts for his self interest."
True, all too .true,'but our: pilgrim will
translate the most paltry act^of his
fellow into an underhanded "attempt
to , benefit himself at  another's ex-
, -A.*-
I hiii-illj ||i--iii|i4ul^
ifTj*14 p\  BAKING
roll a mighty stream over-.the swamps
of Capitalism and finish it for.ever.
"Let the light'of sense Impression so
shine upon your minds that the dark
clouds of. a past environment shall
pass away for ever..   ' *  ; >
.BERLIN,-May 27—The final "session
of the Reichstag, prior to the adjournment, to November 29,.was stormy.
The Socialist-Democratic leader Geo
Leb'uor, referring to the ' Emperor's
recent threat at a banquet at Stras-
biirg that he would incorporate Alsace"
Lorraine into Prussia declared:
i .' -   *
** ',A people like the British would ln
a parallel case either have smashed
the throne to fragments, or confined
a .monarch, making such'remarks in
Bome quiet castle In the,same; way as
had been done to* the'mad King of
Bavaria and the ex-Sultan Abudul Ha-
mid."   ,'; ' - y. 77. 7 '''*' "''' A' .,,
Dr. Von Bethmann-Hollweg, the Im
perial Chancellor, rose excitedly from
his seat,and answered, declaring the
nation which was devoted to the Emperor would know1 how*properly,to-re-
sent -such attacks. "    ■'?"•"*
■WINNIPEG, May 18.--At a-montfly
meeting of the Trades / and : Labor.' ,
Council? motions   were 'r unanimously v
carried that air union bollmakers and",
railway' workers throughout the dom-' *
inlon be aBked to come to.the,assist-, .
ance of the striking G. T. P. employes"..?
and to' declare a strike, -if necessary. -.
The hope was expressed   that   a".
strike would not be necessary in"order? ''
to. alleviate the conditions,1- but- a mo-.
tion will be put into e"ffeet-If needs, *
be; •     ,     7 '< ' ", '■■
The strike has been on eight months i .
and, the new shops at'Transcona will
open June 1 with 2000 skilled machin-   =
istS. '   ;"A '•  A-   '' * „   ■
It was the pervading opinion of the -,
meeting that if the'Btrlklng machinists were to be granted their demands
the sympathy" and co-operation of all",!
similar labor organizations would be7 '
necessary,> as in view, of the'antagon--;
istic feeling stillexlsting between the",
company and the men, prospects for~ *
a compromise in\the:near future are"
not bright.'-     ..-   ' ". • N  --'-'•"-'
The immigration rush has started in;,
earnest. Over -1,8000 passed througti'
Winnipeg on May 9.','' .'•• . ,     '  ' J
OWN ' BRAIN, -and , you   will   help"
things out;"
A; W. Lewis says'that people seem
to hold ' their" brains in water-tight
compartments, riot, letting the right
lobe know what the left Is doing.
The writer, however, is of the opinion that the foregoing remarks are the
real explanation of this strange condition.- '■■' "■■ ■ "
The powers of reason cannot stand
abovo experience." t The outside' world
is the mould of our minds, and tho
"casting" must always follow the lines
of the worldddyu uaclevn.akt
of the mould In metal working and in
mental working. It" Is'truo that the
mould—our mothods of getting a living—ls changing every day, nnd the
sturggle to forco tho casting to c.m-
fo'rm with Its changing prison, tlio co-'
operative methods of production, is
calling ovor moro insistently for co-
oporatlvo ownership of thoso 'giant
tools socloty works with, tho resuU
|s struggle, nnd it,cannot bo otherwise.
Tho Socialist mind is tho rosult ot
outBido existing conditions, and ls In
no way directly connected with our
tender hearts or doBlro to help a fallen
fellow, and In order to follow It In Ub
ovolutlon wo rnimt hark bnck to where
it makes its first appearance. From
tho, soil of economic development
HprtngB that "red thrend," ovor broadening nnd deoponlng; bnck to its headwaters,
Wo hnvo said tho Socialist mind ls
produced by capitalist metboda of production, and In- tills system must wo
look In ordor to underBtand Ub evolution. In oarly days of individual production and ownership tho battlo to
crndlcnte the feudal mind and bring It
In conformity with Impressions produced by capitalist production waB
fought and won; thon a short porlod
of quiet, with Its uaunl crop of great
mlnilB. Slowly tho conditions cliaig-
ed; tho co-oporatlvo nnturo of production began to make Itsuolf f«lt, and
n ne*v strugglo wns in tho making All
Bclonco begins In it hasy or nolmloue
nmnncr; isolatod facts apponr, wun>
dcring from l.-u.x<• like lost sheep,
Now, error arises ln this manner.
Wo nro Inclined to bnne our conclusion.) upon Insufficient evidence, and
a* a result do not correctly como lo
understand tho things undor examination.   The first Socialists foil Into tbis
p«nse.~    y; -""   '.     ^~~. yy~y?
-He will Bhow,, and logically prove
that a man who uses round toothpicks
does so? because he, Is inherently selfish. ' A desire takes him to put the
Socialist movement right; those who"
have gone before were all fools, he
thirsts for combat' with all and sundry. ' This Ib wrong, that ia wrong;
indeed, but for his providential'intervention In the Socialist movement God
knows where lt might not havo gone.
Greater knowledge brings with lt a
modification;. wider experience gradu-
ally alters his out look, and in time
most of tho mist clouds of master
class teaching pass away and he bo-
comes an enlightened Socialist. Tho
superstructure must conform to tho
base. , "
This Is, of course, only a "pure"- history, an abstraction of the Socialist
mind In ovolutlon.' Somo novor reach
mental clarity, always aro thoy govomment ownership and referendum men;
some never emerging from tbo negation of tbe first stage into stern materialism. Others accomplish the
second negation and step out with a
fairly sound knowlodgo of the proposition. - Tho "rod thread" finding in
them its broadest and doopest oxpros-,
slon, although finding Its source in
Utopia. •
Now, its up to each and ovory ono
to keop nt it until trat red ribbon shall
lumber for all ;
- here at- any time and in any-*-
;. qiianity."*' , \You 7 cannot swamp;'
. us with" a large order, or give
us so small a '■ one, that we will"
not attendlto, it? 7   A -       7/
for any kind of building you
may be' atJ_work upon.*' Have
us send you what you ? want
when yqu want It.      ?        , ■'■
. 8IR EDMUND WALKER, Q.V.O., LLD., D.C.L, (-""mumdent
CAPITAL, - m600.000        \     REST. *   $8,000,000
Every branch of Ttie Canadian Bank cf Commerce Is equipped to brae draft* m
the principal cities in tb* foUowlas; countries without delay i
..__.._.__.. -  ... g.
AwatLM-bH'-bD^MMil' H**
Au-tnau 5nt**      .       J«f« i
AMtrivHiNVMy .tummlmmh        ]r*fi ,
Braill '   Vmmm Up**    -
BulrirU FraaM Jan
CeyfM Vi-A CadUe CUba Malta   ,
Chi'l 9*r"l»_'"'_. . H___fh—»
Chlaa GfMtBAah   .     Mmice
South AMea
. Spaia
SvitMiiui   >
(MM State*
Tbo amount of theee draf U to sUted In tu __M-W_r ef tbe twmtrr where tbey urn payable j that li tbey are drawn In aUtrlkf , Irmnce, auka, Dm, kronen, floitoa, ym,
Ueli, roubles, etc., aa tbe ea»e may be. Tkto eneurea that the payee abroad win
twelve the actnal amount Intended,      . AM
pi. und not being equipped wiUi tiio
tb<>n. wo do not go over nil tho shoos {all-round knowledge nec«flMry for the
havo scon, no, wo draw in, our **"v "' ■-^-, '*—  *•■*■  »»»*—»' «»
wo navo seen
minds a picture of nil thnt Is peculiar
and general to shoe*, boll them all
down, as It were, into an Idoal shoo,
and thorn you nre. It must bo dli-
tlnctly understood thnt thore cnn bo
no abstraction without tho first process of sense perception and that n»
Impression can bo formed upon tie
brain without some external object to
bo used In tho process. Experience
with thu uulHldu world is our only Uiu-
cher, and the absurdity of trying to
teaefc without previous «rp*rtem-ft becomes apparent. -
It Is well .6 understand that our
•ens. Impressions cannot be Imposed
task ot upholding the autonomy of
cttpitnlUt socloty fell Into tbo orror of
of Utoptanlvm , whlcjj is, after all. but
nn i-l-ori to create an Ideal Capitalism, Nevertheless, here tho "red
thread" begins, It bubbles from tho soli
of economic development. Greater
Debt produced tho materialist, but not
vi'nl diligent resenrct. r'aced Into the
list da ot -..if.-., Hut.*-!.*. &nd BllVw.t
«_cui_l» evldpuvj (<_vj«rlenco) we.*^
fey abk tu I'uwuuu Toclallaai fro.''.
Utopia and place It on its feet. The
red thread ia now broader and deeper.
The Hoclnllst mind follows n kind
of blo-genejis; it re-enacts its ancestral II... (.loctss Jn the IndMdoal mind
A Flash of
In just ns likely to strike
tho houso of tho uninsured
man as tbat of his moro pru*
, dent neighbor, No building
Is Immune.
Better Have
Us insure
you and hnvo a lightning
clause attached to the policy,
Thon you needn't worry evory
tlmo there Is a thunderstorm,
Solo Agont for Fornlo
't it
Ask Bleasdell
For a porfumo that is not weakened by adulteration „
or foroign chemicals.   Ono quarter of a drop of
Madame Sherry Perfume
in onough to uso. This,porfumo is ono of rofimont and
raro doficaoy,- contains all the violet principles of tho
.lowors. A penetrating porfumo whoso uso suggosts
rcAnmont and tasto.
Bleasdell's Drug Store
4t*_J OftlM
Capital Paid Up •'_.,». 0,000
Uewrve and Undivided Profits  3,500,000
Total Assets; ,  44,000,000
Just as a successful merchant makes every
effort tp glvo bits customors courteous, off.-
■v.C.-i it.i.*_u-._ll., frO \_4> liltt (J.. .U_ttf> Ol ttltt .isi.J-
of Hamilton endosvor to render to depositors
every servlso consistent with conservative
banking practice,
No deposit Is too small to assure tho depositor considerate treatment—the savings
Recounts of thos*. In modersf.. f-lrc»mstnnrf<s
are welcomed with courtesy, and with ab-
nttnrn nt tindtifl formality whl'-h insV«9 bsnk-
Ing a conveiilence and n pleasure. .
J. R. Slosass* Agent
MH-Hmi {> IN
-.--.f -^-;j'-
•*. -,'.     -
,*>* ■_*.■ J.
Beware of
c -        f * .
Sold on the
* •** ;
Merits of
Minard's ;
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
y Food and every,
attentionX ^
i- THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Just received?; "a -; shipment,--of;
ISHundreds^ of Nlatest' Records,*?:
."Violins,    Guitars,   Accordeons',',
Sheet Music, etc., etc..       7\-:„_.
'.; ^PAYM ENT . PLAN?   '*'' yX
New. Michel
A, "      y EN.MARCHE
Une Grande Lecon de Sociality-
L. E. McDonald
,. . ':?,-; , ^ \andyy  A |     ', ■
.Express and Delivery Wagons a
, Speciality   -   ',
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
-y'.Geh_s7 Furnishings*'' y
■   - , *.
• ->
i        ..... -*;.-/       ■     .
• t
• <
Agent ■ Fertile   Branch
_Pella.tt    Ave.    North
■ c
,,  delivered.. to   all
• ■ parts of the town
•  i        ■. /'-  *   ,     ,' •
-r   Sanders & fVerhaeet Brothers.
i ;-'.'.'■
k Proprietors '
and Sale Stables
' he monde entier recolAdeg.'eTdne-
ments' d'Angleterre une lecon 'de so?
cialitS qui depasse comme.force con-
vaincante tout ce qu'on a" £crit eh'voter temps, d'Herbert ? Spencer a'"M.
Alfred Fouillee et de'Kropotkirie.a M.
Durkheim.'. Et M?"Won Bourgeois a
dans son ministere du .travail/ un Iron
-poste^ d'ob'servatioa pour-ajouter un
chapitre a-son llvre sur* la.'.Solidarlt-
<§s."    .       '  ** ."a A-'.y
■ A la base de ce formidable'-mouvement, qu'y a-t-il? Un ctesir egolste
au service'duquel s'est raise une force
collective. L'ouvrier mineur anglais
voit le prlx des vivres d^passer Bon
salaire. y Son" 6goisme est naturel, et
legitime. '.,11 doit a sa propre conservation,'a celle de sa famlle qu'll.fait
vlvre, de,,le satisfaire par tous les
moyens qui sont a sa portee. Repeie*
a huit cent mllle exemplaires, 11 sent
que ces' hult' cent mille tendances
restSes isblees neproduiraientqu'un
vague et confus murmure de dltres'se.,
Mais, depuis pres d'un siecle, l'ouvrler anglais, peut s'assocler son sem-
blable retasubstituer aux.'faibles personnes individuelles *dispersees7une
forte* personne'collectivefaisant masse
et pesee, au besoin bgiler,' pour briser
toute .resistance'.- ,,'. - y '•- '*, ■
-. Pour servlr leur egoisme, les. mineurs anglais ont, du commencer par lui
tourner le dos. II. leur a'fallu s'ele-
ver.a un'premier degre* de solidarity:
la;solidarity entre semblables,\entre
indivldus, youlant servir. le meme egoisme.- t Vous- etes?vous jamais dem-
and6. ce qu'il y a d'altruisme, de' d«5s-
intiSressement pous's6 • jusqu'au plus
absolu.sacrifice, dans la pbursuite des
moyeris propres a satisfaire l'interet
egoiste de chacun?- ^Ces haute3 ver-
tUs, si fr^qiientes chez les org'anisa-
teiirs ouvriers que l'on croit fletrir en
les appelant des "meneurs," cette abnegation, cette,, endurance n'eussent
pas .suffi neanmoins a grouper dans
une commune defence la totality des
ouvriers mineurs d'Angleterre, >si la
nature meme; de leur'travail ne les
avait disposes a* un-aussi large essor
de solidarity.- /.C'est de leur groupe-
mentpar centaines et par milliers dans
les exploitations mlnieres' c'est' des
communications rendu'es rapides et
facile's par" le produit* meme de .* leur
travail souterrain que les mineurs ont
recu.le'pouvoir de constituer d'abord
des .unions, locales et de les relier en-
suite par lafed6rati.on.   "lis ont ainsi
monde moderne...,, Sont-elles'le prelude d'une pou'ss<.e - finale qui mett.a
tout a bas, rendant n^cessaire un travail de totale reforite et reorganisation? Je ne leicrofs pas. A-mon
humble estime, ces poussees signifient
l'entree en mouvement de-"massi.s
juist cela stables * et passives, volia
tout. On voit un poing tendu.'mals
au bout de'ce'poing on a'percoit une
plume impatlente, de signer un liou-
veau contrat ecoriomique et social.
.C'est l'ere des'collectivit^s ouvrlcr-
es agissant.es et^reclamant leur^ part
de souverainetG qui succede a celle ou,
seules, les collectivity capitalistes rd-
gnaient, |_c_is conteste ni contrepoids.
Les ' poussees * ouvrieres, obligeront
celles-ci a se scrrer,' a, faire place, a
contracter d'egal a egal et non plus a
regir en souverain absolu. Puis, plus
tard, quand le travail des mals se sera
complete* ■ par le travail du • cerveau,
oh! alors, 6vldemmeht, les collectivl-
tes capitalistes ne peseront pas lourd
devan£ celles - du travail.—Eugene
Fourniere?J"   ''"**»
f»OAI__ nilnins rights of the Domtn-
^ion, m Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, tho Yukon Territory, the North
"West Territories- and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be leased for a term .of - twenty-one
years at an annual rental of-Jl an acre.
Not more than 2.560 acres wil be leased
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Agent" or, Sub-Agent of the district in
which the rights applied for are situated. v> .
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sectlpns.. and in unsurvcved
territory the tract applied for shall' be
staked out by the applicant himself.
. Bach aplication must be accompanied
by a fea of $5.which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise, A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton
The person operating the mine slial
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
lT-?-First_cia"s"8""hor6et "for'Saie". - "Si
' .*<• •' 7*a;A av*a. a }
i'Buys Horses.on Commlalon-'' *
■'• •' y~y : ' ■•■■': . i
~ ■ -.- ~***.  .$.
George B&rtonA Phone 78 |
The Cash
Hosmer B.C.
Pay Day Specials
ApploB, por box $2.15
Mnccaronl por ho\   ..   .$1,60
Spudi, cwt ..$2.25
Lemons, por doz 30
Oranges, roRUlar 7B for ,.   ,60
"    regular* .BO for 40
"    regular ,40, for 30
Hulk Ton, rogular .50, now .25
Tomatoes, 0 cans for ....$1,00
Poas, Beans Corn, mixed
0 cniiB for $1.00
This Sale applies lor(,Cash only.
W. J. Cole
Hair Dressing
Billiards ....
, Tobaccos
Bowling Alloy
' 4
Drop In
"franchTTraiicHI Aleux d?gf-5s"~de so%
dariW ils se sont' iinis sur place entre
sembles, puis leur solidarite a franchl
l'espace. II s'en 'est'fallu de port peu
que cet espace encore elargi n'annulat
les fr'ontieres: on" parlait'en effet, ces
jours derniers," de reventualit<5 d'une
greve generale, et simultanee des mlneurs en Belglque, en Allemagne et en
Prance. Chez nous, les paroles sont
memo all des jusqu' aux projets. . . .
Qu'il surglsse' pour cette, fols en
Angleterre seulemeiit, rt'est-ce pas de-
ja formidable et fait pour donner le
tremblernent aux < puissances les plus,
fortement assises! C'est-la vie econ-
omlque arrot6e, et la vie, poclalb ra-
meneo dans bos limites les plus r&
dultes. C'est 1'existence de millions
d'lndivldus-rendue si precaire par'l'ln-
certltudo dos approvlslonriements qu'
on no comprendrait pas que lo gou-
vornemeht'anglais se derobat aux me-
sures do snlut publlo que les clrcon-
stances'lmpoesnt. .
En somrno, dans lour querelle terrible, les compagnles et snydlcats mln-
lerB dovaiitcnt lo torrain social tout on-
tlor'ot pas soulomont lo lour propro,
Suppose?; qu'au moyonage les paysans
d'un canton nlcnt rofusiS do portor lour
bid sur le marchd do la vlllo; les gens
do la vlllo Roralont all6s a travors
ohamps ot villages' ohorchor lour bu!.*;
slBtance los armos a la main.
O'oRt pnr do somblables poubboos,
r<5pet<.0B, _tonduo8 ot aggravde'B, quo
toutoa los catt-gprleB professlonnolles
font oflclllor l'ossature capitalisto du
.Od toho Casu, 5o na§a "Rovnosf.
L'udu" yidela svetlo sveta a pdcala
hlas'at' vel'k<. idey socialistickfSho nC-
enia,, ziskala ona zaiste mnoho ' up-
rimnych stupencov/.-hlasatel'ov social-
ismu, bojovnikov za lepgiu buducnosf.
Dobri l'udia sustrednovali sa^okolo
svojho uSitel'a, ■ ktory zaiste naproti
svojmu ilactvu konal vzdy, verne a
poctive svoju sluzbu.,.,' '
,* Ved' dlho a tu^obne oCakavany vod-
ca-u6itel' bol prislls potrebny'pre l'udl,
ktore naukor bohatych vykorist'ova-
tel'ov. postradall toho, eojch.mozol'
ovou rukou bolo zbudovane.      ' -   „
- Sloveusky proletar-robotnik'nemoze
byt' spokojn'y. s tym,* Com it sa naueil
vo svojom utlom vekii. , Ta2ka, neoil-
menenapraca nau5ila ho premysl'at'
o sustave ?dnesne1id hospodarskeho
zariadenia. On.vidi, ktori sa otro5ia,
ale bez vysledku, a kto su ale ti, ktorl
nepracuju a vzdor tomu shrabuju oh-
romne milliony-Cistdho zisku z prace
tyoh/ktorl sii otroeeni.-
Netreba pripominat', 2e nag '5asopla
mnoho, dnes uZ stato5nych stupencov
priviedpl'na'dobru'cestu.' Coma .i.ie
sa naucili,, to'nam len ku cti mo_e
slugit*.   7 . •
-Vsetci -tl, ktori ipilne Citali, nautili
sa aspon Ciastofine poznat' vyvin spov
locnosti, v ktorej'2ejcme. My'vieme,
•".e ilf.e_ina ' spolo2no'st' .capitalist"eKa
je od zakladbv zla a ?.e mnoho million-
ov ru'dl-'nixsledkom' ziskula5ny_chl'j(_iL
accounting for the full quantity of mer
chantable coal mined an dpay the royalty thereon. If the coal mining
rights are not being operated, such
returns should be furnished at least
once a year.
*fl*he lease will include the coal mislng
riVj-hts only, but tho lessoo may be permitted to purclmso whatever available
surface rights mny be considered necessary for tho working: of the mine
at the rate of $10.00 an acre. ,
For full information application
should be mado to tho Secretary of tho
Department of tho Interior. Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. VT. Cory,"     ,
Deputy Minister of tho Interim-.
N.B—-Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.
notlivcov. upada* "do hebezpefinej.zahu-'
by. '• Kde nezasiahne hrozna "ruka
neustup'neho kapitalu, tam pride neu-
pr'osna bieda,'~nudza,'ktora nezna hra-'
ri_c,_ale niCl ubbhd fodiny,' ktord boly
dii'eSnou !spolb5host'6u nenavlderid?'
Nam netreba hovorit', 2e-tato spolo-
Cnb'st'rladena'je dajakou nadpozema-
kou b'ytnost'ou. . My, ktori erne m
seba vzall ukol, hlasat' uCenle socialls-
tlcl_6, vel'ml' dobre poznamo sustavu
dneSnej "spolocnostl, ale predsa nutno
je nam objasnlt' a vysvetlit' si otazku:
kto Je, sociallstom? Mnohi l'udia,
aniiS by'odporovall soclalisticku Utera-
turu;. mlleradl sa pri kaidej prile*.'-
toBti' vy'statuju, 2e onl su tle2 social-
Istl, a Castokrat v mono soclallorau
spachaju taku krlvdu, ktoru vo skuto-
cnostl samo uCenle ' soclallstickd od-
sudzuje. Vldlac toto ' neuvedomell
l'udia, vyhybnju Ba naSmu linutiu a od-
volavaju sa na podobnycb soclallstov,
Jo pocbopltel'n(., 2o podobnl nosoclnl-
istl, ktori meno soclallsmu ;na svoj
prospoch znouiilvnju, byvaju Ion na
zkazu naSmu lmutlu, A preto neza_-
kodl, ked' si. aspon SlastoCno otazku
na prodnom miesto prodlo&onu zoil-
povlemb. Sociallstom jo kai-dy jod-
notllvoc, ktory podporujo robotnlcku—
soclallstlcku—tlae a ktory prlnale*_l""
Jo-11 to mo-ind—ku Boclallatlcltoj strano
n ako talcy Icona tioS 1 svoje povln-
Sociallstom mo«e ' byt' ton, ktory
kaKdoj 1'udBkoj bytnostl prlznava jed-
nakd pravo, ktord si, rozumlo sa, tloi
sam privlastnuje a ktory domaha sa
vSetkt-ho dobra.'ktorS nam mo2e 2ivot
Sociallstom je ka2dy, ktory bojuje
za odstranenie vSetkych vysad a ktory
si prajedo iivota-uviest' hospodar?
sku ,a politicku rovnosf a snazi sa o
to, aby. odstranene" boly stare nena-
videnfi hranice medzi chudobnyml a
bohatymi, poddanymi apanmi,.tak aby
jestvovala len jediia trieda, ktora bude
mat' nielen povinnist', ale i noZliost'
pracovat' za povznesenie'narodov.
Sociallstom je ten,'kto chape vysn-
am organisacie pre cele l'udstvo,' prave
tak," jako pre jednotlivu spoloCnosf.
Nutno podotknut',' __e, je-li skutoCny
majetok zakladom bezpefinosti pre-
l_a_;d6ho jednotlivca, vtedy zostava len
jedna' cesta, ktora mo2e ka_ftl(.ho ■ jed-'
hotlivca-urobit' majetnikom a 2aistit'
mu jeho- bohatstvo utvorenim' spolo'C-
n^ho vlastnictva. , -,
■'■ Jeden-ka2dy * Clen spoloCnosti musi
byt' v biiducnosti za jpodielnika pova-
2oyany. Jeho "- dobra1 vol'a, jeho
schopnosti musia byt' venoyane vel'-
kej .spoloCnosti, ,.v ktorej sa uhrnny
vyt'agok'rozdeli,medzi tych; ktori* pra-
cu vytvdrfii.' *     '  yr">
• Socialistom je ten, kto pomocou organisacie po2adujeJv2dy viae a viae
svobody,* ktora'. by., kazdemu rovnbu
Organlscacie',- ktore budiijeme, uCinia
v .novej spoloCnosti-.'konec panstvu
majetnych nad nemajetnymi, ony zu2ia
moc 51oveka naddlovekom. ■ Organis-
acia .vedie rias Ku takej spoloCnosti,-
kde"' ka2dy:;bude '*kbnat' to,' Co kbnat'
mus|;bez donutenia, bez rozkazu inych
panov.   ,,'■■* ■-.: '■ .  •'.' .
Ka2dy, kto' si nadobudol presvedfi.
enie,'2e toto verke psvol'odzujuce die-
lo, ktonS raoie byt"lu ua zeml vykon-
an<5, je sociallstom, Soclallstu poznat' vo slovo'l.v skutku, on pracuje
bez akycbkol'vek r f a2kostl o zmenu
nafiich zvykov a hl'ada napravu v rod-
inei v dielnl. * .    '     .
A konefine, socialistom je ten, kto
pracuje^ozarladenle takej spoloCnosti,
ktora, prinale2i k novemu sposobu vy-
roby n zasadam demokracie a rovno-
pravnostl." ,'Socialista bojuje za taku
spolocnost', ktora nikdy nebude uplna
a liotova, alb v2dy budo mat' ralOBto
pro nlefio lopSlebo., Bude to spoloC-
nost', v ktorej Clovolc budo moct' hovorit*, 2o svoboda a solldarlta mo2u
sa vol'no vyvljat' rt 2c Jo tu pro kai-'
ddho- Slovoka bohatstvo spoloCnosti,
vyt'a2ok Jodnotllvcov, svetlo, rarav-
nost' a spokolnost',
Alo nie Jo Boclallstom ton, kto s
tichou nadojou, so slopou a mrtvou
vici'ou a s lilboko sklononou hlavou
diva sa na dnofinu spoIoCnost'.
statu or Ohio, car or Towno, t  '
Fhanx J. CilKNttr tnnkee onlli tlmt lio In irnlot'
Eartncr o( (tio firm ul 1-'. J. Cm.M.\ it Co.. dulnn
ualncsii In llu< VHy ot Toledo, County unit HtoM
AforiwiM. ami thut Mid firm will pny tlie mini ol.
.'Nl. llUNniti.1) I.OI.LAIIS (or .--..li nnd every
<m.w ol cavaiiiiii tlut ennnot bo ourou ny tno um o'
iUu>t OiWinH Ci'nn. .  ,
Swam to be torn ma *nil milMcrilied In my pr-unc«<'
»hl« (itl» day ot Dec-inbor. A. I).. i»»e, „,„_„
, ~>— , A. W, OM.ABON.
j IR AL > ' KOTADT runilC,
juil'i CaUtrrit Cnn li tfike-n IntemMly nnd »cU
tllmotly ution tlio IiIaimI nnu nuirmin nirtncrK of tlia
•)iil-iii.  fviul lor temimunlulN, Iri-o,
r. i. CIII..VKY 4 CO., Toledo, O-
 , Jtlala, rno.
T«k- lhin Knmily l-llli for conitlpntlon.
Wfilrt liv nil rirwtirUt-, 70o,
~      Hi"- "
List of Locals District 18
L  ii  n .iii    '
,,0. NAME SEC. and P. O. ADDRE88
20 Dnnkhcad , , V, Whoatlcy, Danlthoad, AUa.
481 Doavor Crook  P. aniiBhlon. Heaver Crook, via Plncher
481 Bollovuo  J, Durlco, Dollovuo, Trnnk, AI tn.
_.Vv- _j.au uiui ti,,....... u. J. o-uanu, tiluuiiioro, Alia.
?.!) Uunuli; , 3vi.\  _Dt'.,,3..'....Jt«, VuimI*, Ailu,
2227 Carbondalo J. I-onsborry, Carbondflk, Coleman, Alta.
138? Canmoro N. D. Thae lmlc, Canmoro. Alia.
sonn Colomnn  W. Ornlinm, Coloman, Alta,
•2877 Corbln   H. Jonos, Corbln, U, C.
112", C!.'...-u_. !._!_..^ .... "T. .Cv..., ub.i.kk.A.uU Ci1-'., --»iu.
2178 diamond City Albert Sink, Diamond City. lothbridgo.
831 •_ Fornlo i..,, Tbos. Uphill, Fornlo, n. C.
12C3 Prank Jas. Kennedy, Frank, Alta.
2.07..Hosmor ,.. W. nsldorstono, Hosmor, I), C.
1058 HUlcrost.......... J. O. Jones, Hillcrest, Alta.
674 Lothbridgo t>. Moore,   604, fllvtwnth St„ North T.#ithbrlilw.
1189 T-Othbrld<o Collieries Frank Ilsrlnghflm, sec, via., Klpp, AUn,
1233 U]\a W. L. Evans, T.lllf. irrsnk, Attn
tm Maple Leaf .'. 8. Parker, Maple Loaf, Belle vue, Alto.
1334 Michel  M. nnrrell, Michel, D. C.
14   Monarch Mine 8, Moorcrolt, Monarch Mino, Taber, AUa.
£352 "Passburg J, Kluaarlts, Peuabupt*. Alta.
MM Koral View ....... Thou. ». FtaLer. Royal Colllerit-s, I>ethbHdee. Al''
1959 Taber A. Pittonton, Taber, Alta.
102 Taber Jas. Wll son, Taber, A1U. „
Confined to His Home for Weeks.
•'ITeary work, sovcrn ttralnlnnr ami evil lmblU In youth brpuglit on
Vai-Iimmo Voliit,   Whon I workiul lmnl llio rioliliiir wouM bocomo
 ■-'-wor —"--
 ,._  _incln.it Ml .hpy WAMflil wnn my
I oomini-Dcoil to look upon all .lo.to.il Rl llttlo lwttor tliah
iwVoro,nhJT/wM_of-cnJor-4,jap family
rlrwulod It
I wnn my
1)liy»l<ilau toMriiottnoi^mtlon wa§ my only liopo—but 1 drwi
, tiledftivorat HfioclalUui,but noon foiimt nut oil tltcy wantoil <
monoy. I oominoncod to look upon all do-toru n» llttlo lwttt	
offiipq. Ono day my bou ankod tno -why I tvaa on work so much and
{ told lilm my condition.   Horulvl»od»n(-tocon_i)ltl)w.Konrt.. _
Connocly.M'liolnvdt.iVon tiwttmcnt from them hlrnMlf nnd knew
_hoy worn «^uaro ami aUillCut  I n-roto tl*.«m and got Tm Mtfr
1 Ittietr
MBTnoDTnaATWEW. .MyprofrroMwns snmnwliat Blow and durlnj.
ilis flmt month's treatm«n. I wasnomcwlmt tllscourngcd,  ItowoTcr,
continued trcAtment for throe mont-)'* l_.»Kcran<l va» rowaited
with n pomploto cum. I could only Mm tu t\ woclt in tt machlnB
Shop Ijofflro trcntmont, nov 1 nm wirnlni. JWl nnd novor looso A any,
vrtoll all suffcrors know of your -. aluahlo troni mjnf,
_.T.*f!>?C;3C"3 <..« ;_.(• .„_»; ,._,__;.-.; _«_«; ,.^«_. _*.;,•_■-wi-u*-. T«t.jr **u u_u
wrylito blood of the victim end imiou entirely cm-aiftAtcd from ths ny-atom *1U Sanwi
UKTHODOUKa all blood dlscA-m.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund ....
D. R.
6,000,000   . Capital Paid Up  .?.". .7 5,996,900
' 5,996,900       Total Asseta ...->...".   ' 72,000,000
WILKIE, President. ,      HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prea.
Arrowhead," Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Ka'mloops, Michel, Moyie,1 Nelsor.,
. Revels.oke, Vancouver and Victoria.
^terest allowed on deposits at current rate from date.of deposit.
Fernie Academy of Shorthand
and Typewriting
Two' Classes  Weekly;    Tuesdays  and  Fridays
from 7.30 to 9.30 in the evening
Private lessons and select classes by arrangement
Tel. 179 Evenings - - - 48A Days
Sc  Motor
If you are thinking of getting, a Bicycle or Motor Cycle
See John Minton, Fernie Bicyle Store
He lias high-grade Cycles to suit any intending purchaser.
The C. C. M. Motor Cycle,.nothing better; go. as slow as you
like and as fast as yo'u.dare.    Sole agent for following wheels:
and any other make of machine supplied to order.    Beware of
Cheap Cycles—they are Dear..
Cycles on Hire.     Accessories.   Repairs neatly executed.
Keeping Track
of Household
There are many forms of Housekeepers' Expense Books devised  to' keep'' account  of the
most certain method is to deposit the month's allowance-in the Bank and pay bills.by cheque. .,At
the end of the month all the cheques "will be returned, vWith,.the-passbook accurately made up.
The entries in the passbook will give the itemized
expenses for the month, and beside this, the, returned cheques are your receipt's for the accounts
paid. ■" ., ;'
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager. ,
Branches and connections
throughout Canada
Fernie Branch,
. YOUHfl. OR MIDDLK AGED MTO..-lmpniil«nt acta or ^.^^^^"fij^^l
flown your Myitrm. You feet thn trm|v»/*.m. ttAiMn<» M-j)*#i. jr*o«»l /. rby^e* 1/ _u_J
Yitally you wo uot tha man you uwd to bo or •liould bo. Will you bocU tbo dim jor »lgn»Uf
1 you/Wood ljootnllspawf.   Wavo yon wiy. w«'";,''|«'I- 5,' f r?w MlFr.•."',
vi-Jio fur un lionwit eiri.iilon )'f»« «f Chu-tt.
" " (IU-_stmtcd) on blmu** ot lira.
fra*. J,oJiuilt(-r wio )in_» Ircntcl yt-u, r...
IMkt rr^-"Dojrlwod. UttBhooJ, I'iCbcThood.'
Cor. Michigan Ave. and Griswold St. Detroit. Mich.
______________________ _E_l_ilWl__* If     All k'Ucri. ftom CiHA<lf»i)*.u>*ll>oftililreiM!tl
^^HB^liU 11 Ula tor.ur DnadUn Corritij*on«lence Impart.
^^m^ mmmmmm^m n|ent j„ .windtor, Ont. If yw tleilre to
«ee ni pexaottilly all «t our Medical Inrtltnte in Dttrolt as wc neetqd treat
bo t-ttltnU In our Wlodt-or office* -whldi ire {oTOjrreipoaittau and
Wjomtory for Canadian tmalnci* only.  A'WrtM all letter* ai follows:
, DBS. 1CUOCEDY & JttHWBDV, VflmUor, Oat_
JWt* <(rr m prfimffl tilhutn.
Tlio Illinois Bupromc court 1ms Just
linndcd down n uniuilmoui. dociBlon
which destroys forever In tlmt Btiil«
tho theory of "aBauinod rlBk«," behind
which employers successfully hid In
mi offorl to esenpe damngoB to Injured workmon. Tlio court rojectB tlio
theory of "Individual liberty," although
nKrcelng to It na a thoorollcnl jiropoHl-
tlon, In jirnctlco, hownver, tho Judijea
unanimously agrea thore Is no such
tliliiKi for jiovorty, scarcity of employ*
ment, dopondanco of family'and other
conditions forco workors"to accept cm>
ployment that often compols them to
mnlto (-ontnifilH that nhHoIvo tho em.
ployor from damnRos IliroiiKli uimard-
cd machinery. This, the court IioIiIh,
Ih wrong. The declflfon overthrows
old logul doctrines, nnd the Illliiols
trndo unionists nre Jubilant ovor these
far-rcnt-hlng utterances by tho court,
■tt'll't'tl \VP»V« rtPTfiml to hv /'V/irv 5Mlll^,/>•
"The duty of the mastf-r bus beon
changed, Ho mny no longer conduct
It tn liiihliHiHH In IiIb own way, he may
no Ioumt um such machinery and np-
pllniireH as ho chooses. The men-
fturf of hi*, duty Is no Innwr rf!»»tr.n-
idde <*.'it-.i to furnish a h»f«* pl.-u*o ami
safe miifhlncry nnd tools, but In addition tn tiiicb reasonable rare hn miiMt
uho In bis business the nit-uns anil method* reijulrod by tho state. The
law docs not leave to hio Judgment
tl.< .-.,.-.n!..'!)leii»i- of liit-.lohtiig nt \no-
trriliig dnngerous machinery, or per-
, tut; \,<u> u> -.tkpoMu to incrcnKt-il nnd un
Dr. Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison
Spoolnl, treatment for otlior tllHonflOH ot mon: A'croim Wrnkii-imri..
Vnrlcono VfIiin, Ilyilroi-clp, IIIimhI nnd Skin llUonlorx, Horrn UlcrrH, Kidney, Illmlcler nnd Itvc.nl Dlxorilem, etc., nnd Cnn.rnc-ed Allineii.n.
ProNtntn ■niniiit Infliiiiiiiinttoii. Old Chronic Cnudltloiiw.
Museum of Anatomy
In this Grent MiiNeiim Is shown by llfo hIko mudolu, monstroHllloB,
noimnl und alinormnl uondltloiiN of tlia vnrloiu parte ot tbo body, IHub-
tratint. fully both acute nnd chronic iIIn.iim<n of nirn.
Free Consultation and Advice
IJxpfrt Xtedlcnl tSxninlnatloii Frnf-, ' I<*re» I-.xninlnnllnn ot Urlno
■t.Uru iii'cc'(i»iir>'. CoumiiH Mt>—l-'IIIJI., Dim't llelnyi Ilelnys nr«
dnni_eroiiH, Call or -.vrltc. I*><<i< llixik, l_vfr><hln_r rnnfldentlnl, llniimi
0 ii.in, fo H p.m.| NiiniliD-ii, 10 n.m. In 1 |..m,
Dr. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
Tho following is n list of chairmen
appointed undor tho Mliilninm Wage
Act of Great Drltnln
Norlliun.bfli'lnnil, Lord McrKcy. Durham, Sir Itobort Horner, (.low-land,
Sir Ilobcrt Itomcr, Cumbeilaiid, KU-
William J. Collins. Lancashire airl
Chushlro, Hln Honor Judge llradluiry,
Wfjst Yorkshire (to . be appointed).
South Yorki»hl.o, Sir lOdwnrd Claike,
K (.,      NnttlnrhniTmblre.   Mr    V     V
ASCMAFI-'K.Vm.'Ht'J, -.ermiHiy, May
ai.—A TunierH f<'«tlvnl held yesterday
In tbo neighboring town of lliilbalcb
«-inl«-i| at /uhlui-.lii In a butt I" between
j the |ii'iih;uil» and duly nuldler iipec-
tutors.    The in-tiHiiiiiH bombarded tho
soldi**™  flrHt   with  b«i<r  utoltiH  and
lat*-!'  *.«.till  .u.-jl.t-.t. and fchot guns.
Thn soldiers luiil tlndr side nrms for
s.'lf defence.     A large number wuro
..__..,,.      ,        , . •_-miM-iu.     A M.tintiiin-iiit ur troops
Simmer,   K.O.     I>erbyHhlre   (except i,in ,f ,,   ,  „  , ,,      ,,
.'oiith Derbyshire), Ills Honor Judge sC.^.n),;;;^,;^';;,,;;'^^.,!!^!^^
ibe   Hon.   Waller   l.lndley.     Kom'. j,m(,k (0 ,()f, hurtnekt
ri.-rb>8lilre, Mr. A, A. !Judi»oii, K.C. i „,__ , _^ §	
l.t-lcOKtershire, Ills Honor Judge (.'..on
nor, ICC. North Htnffordshln>, Ills
Honor Judge Urartbi'i.'. South .St.if-
fordshlro (except Cannock Chnse.,
and Knst WorcertlerHhlre, Rlr Walter
Lnwrence, (l.C.M-.. '' Cannock Chn^e,
Sir Clarendon Hyde. Warwickshire,
Sir Walter Lawrence, (J.C.I.K. flhrop-
v'itr-\ Mr. T!. rr.ii.«'l.'.W[llU»*..*. K.<*.
N'orth Wales, Mr. 1». FrnnciH-Wllllnms.
ICC.     Hrlittul, AM«-ia„iit li. IV.i.huii.
ii-Htiil danger's such of h\* enipioywii iKoMrt:of ,)<5an' Mr* Hu■•l,■, •'• Korr*
as i-.-y \x- driven by foree ef dr.;mv ! Somw»l. His Honor Judge Austin,
MtiMm to.rontlnuo in hla employ nA,h<* "»»»■ «m",K" ',^1- ^MTmnn T.
•»n-r thnn U-nvo It «nd tako chance**- of;Sm!,h' flon,h w*n,<,R including Mon»
->M..lhihK cmiiloymont •hew-im und-: mouth). Vlsmuiit M. Aldnjn. Scot-
»._ U*ful vouauiou*,"—Twomo l'i.li*i. '-Un'1 SlKr(ff A* °' H*1-'7"'-t*-ik*. K.C„
Txader. „,
- Hir Thos. Mn. on, Mr. John IIurnc.lt.    j
IU-1.LIN, May _7.-tiermaii profes-
slonnl airmen have niiiuilmeuHly decided to sii Ike lo-nioirmv If tbo demnuds
of the Hennaii nvl.u.ir*' union for ft
minimum wage of .?fi n month, which
v,.vi. jin ht-iiti'i) toi'.uv in t)ii< iit>ro|dui>»«
cnnsttuctlen eompnnles is not granted
l.t Uilfi -noon.
Tomorrow Is thc principal dny of tho
big rmtlonal n\l.-.tlon vrii-li, nnd *
»tril<n of tbe nlr men will canto Its fall-
|    It is stated that the wages of somo
I *,>rtifef.*i(»rirtl nvintors nre ns leur as
MT.f.O n month. ■>"7Jf ;
• *--'•■-:• 7". ^-'',7.v' • y \.   yjp.    :„   '* "...;:* 7-Ay . -7'A * f- "~  ■-■"- '*"-*"'' .--* : 7*7"'' -
ji ,- as -
.,   ,-      .      ,     -7     .        * ■„ *'AV- ■Wl'-:-
.We have.just received a new shipment, of Ladies? -
Chambray and Gingljam Dresses./ ^Thesil garments:
are the last word as to style-and cut in a very • .
pretty range of coloring.  Sonfe 7jm checks and some  '_-
in plain colors,* each one having, a distinctive ftp-1   ,.
- ■ pearanco. , '"We canndt~say' too much" in praise of
.'these"dresses and <-when the very low"figures" at"
which we have priced them-is considered we ■would >
..wye you to mak-. an early selection beforo they
, are picked over.    We have all sizes from 32 to 40
in stock at prices, which are remarkably low?
In silk dresses we are now showing the very lat-
' est creations.     Some are carried out in the' new   ..
shaded effects in combinations of tan and blue, ,
brown and black, and green and garnet. .   '
These aro trimmed in a variety of ways,- some    ,
with lace yokes, others trimmed with'-braid and the
new glass button trimming.
Prices from $16.75
We are also showing a-large range of dresses in •■
plain colors.    ,One very special number comes in
Messaline Silk.     This model has,a lace yoke and
i thc sleeves are finished off with the very latest .-
style of ball fringe, the,trimming also being'used
on the skirt and the waist.     Made in colors ,of
brown, riavy'and old rose.
The price for this garment is only,     . ??
?*, ^mW-l|
..- y*.      *    .,--.** A... yy,'- ,yy*;'uy}&,ti '-,-op.v
Ladies' Soisette, Hose iri colors   of   sky,'pinky'/- 7-
champagne and tan./ Regular .40 value. ^Special'77
per;p_ur..307}-.y A,   •'       ■;" '-> • -'A^fyA :.>Xf\ "
,'   -.\ ^--LADIES^SILK CTtLOVES A, .p}y. X:y/S',
Wrist length, double tipped" fingersysiies 6 to  •*"
;7%.\  Special .45 pr.*     .;/:.   . y.-S- X ./ -'" 7 3 .!j
' -'s 7;' ' corsets." ■ "'■ -lysXi'sy '^i' "'■
E.or those who. demand a go.pd Corset weare plac-'r "■ * * •
ing on'sale all our famous P. and D.. Corsets)' These.-V '*;
■ are made in styles to suit all"figures. .*„ One-special ■ -.    /
number is very suitable for stocky figures:*' . Sizes^ -' .
22 to 30. * Regular value $175.   Special $8.00/
. y *'i^ v".*ffj.(v-*."j'. > .-* -*- /<v *!.-,. ...
~"    ' <   !* ._7N'*-. *7,
*■-  .
r \j ,ryxyy"''S.;. w,'.*- • -,.. ,*. _.	
^W^W^.'tvV'A- ''-£■ i-\\"v>:• '■
• S Qtheryliries of the same* make u Regular--$3.50-- "7
; /Corset,-Special $2.25:    *-;■ ' ■ At' Xyi'S y'yX-' k A- -'-
;y-.Regular, $2.50 Corset, Special $1.75;> -., X V -. - '   /
r7'r\yy. y. -.,  ,.-.        ,       . - y'7" A "■-<'-   ■"'   --:   '"/• '     -"
A f ■-' S >'CmLDREN'S COTOirHOSE * Xf~y "A * '
A   Madeinagoodstroiig,*fil>, sizes 5 to $&. Special
■;*$ pr_;fto7$i,oo;-: s. '; uiXXyffyyy.';?&,*:^t?
/ A? A ,y=, * i WHITE BED SPREAD^      ■«- /;; ■'.
V Denmark Spreads made from 'a'nice''soft, yarn.' -
y Hemmcd: eiids.    Special, each $1,00. """ * [I - „ A
-y Good,large size.  " Regular $2.25. /Special $i;60.
ixyytyy,' -y.". v-i
.-*. '.' ',"• /',-.*. ":--'*a
,* -V, "        ' •-     ir-
.*  1 '-
hA. .^-..^ - ~i
-   -J..J-
-<- - /t'^'(
.»-*  ,'•'.->'      r<v •
IV... **_,.
Ladies White Waists
We have an exceptional bargain in Waists. These   *
come in a great variety of pretty patterns, all hand--
somely embroidered.
" Priced for selling at $1.25 each.    Regular values.
HERE is an opportunity to buy negligee sKifts, right
in the heart of: the vseason at very low prices- ^The
following lines are al! coat shirts with cuffs attached in a c
la;rge';variety7 of patterns, made from Prints^ Perciales^ Dimi-7 ;|:
ties aiid Ginghams.        ' ^sy'X :'"''"-\'. y- {Z"/?us //v-v'-^^",
up to*$2.75
Reg7 1.2^, 1.50,1:75, $2
ial While They Last
-    N _ . o     •
_ f<^-i_V*j
.  '■.*  .(-)A-I
" Sv Gold Leaf- Liquid Blacking*' '.V. .* _-.-
''" - Tan'and■ Bl«6k,Combihatiori Polish-.-,.-?.../'* .20" 7"    •■?: •" <--'
A   Staon Tan and -Black Shine Paste, 3 for ."... . ?25. t
': • Staon Stove Black, 3 f or /.. i;.:'.. 7.-'. V.... A ' ".25
1 Vol-Peek'Graniteware Mender/... ,*.v,.... •    .15 '■ /
Veneil Furniture Polish; 12 oz,bottle".-".......   ,'.40
-Veneil Furniture-Polish; 4 oz bottle .:./. .'...*. " .20
'': . Quaker Oats, 5% lb. packages,. each .: 7 .;...;   .25
S ...QualEer Corn Flakes, 3 for ...'. .7. ..*.'.,.....' , .25,
Assorted Cream Candy 2 lb. for .'.. /....,...".    .25
, Braid's Big 4 Coffee, freshly ground, 2 lb, for' . 75  ,
, Fresh Eggs, per doz ..,. ................'   .30,
.'   Government ,Creamery Butter,; per, lb.  .'.    .40
■ Pie B*Tuit, 2,lb.,tins, each,,..-.'..';./. /...:..'. / .10  .
.. Pineapple, 2 lb. tins, 2 for /.... .V.. .7..:.::-.: ,35 ;
'Apples, gallon ,tins, each"..... '.*.'. A....   .40 *■
,. . Austrialian R,aisins, 2 lb. for .,...:.- —;. _ /   .25
Robin Hod Flour, ,49 lb? sacks.  $1.85
' -   Robin Hood Flour, 98 lb. sacks . .A. / A.v. ...$3.65
v •' Canada "First ;Raspberry Jam, 5 lb. tins, each   .70 "
f-   Crosse and'Blackw;ell's Jam, 4 l\ tins, each   .65
■ , Crosse and Blackweil's Jam, 2 lb glasses, each.. .40/
;*;V^oked'JEl^tn,/per, l)).-.'.'.• • •,?••,••• ■ {.•"•'>••,A/*.•%& A?.
'A:Smoked Btfcorivper lb;J; A. /.'•:: .7.', ,\ .*.%.,;..-. .23/
'  Pure Lard; *5 lb. tins '.':•.: .'.......-.,7 .85
' .Colombo.Olive'Oil;;.y2 gal.- t 1.25
.*<.-yB:-.C7;Sugary/20'lb/sack-.'..-.-...,v......,.'*.; _1.40 S.
7 ' Corn'Starch,''2 pkgs.". A...".".'..'.'. .7.    '.15
t.v Laundry Stardi,\3.pkg. ..,,.,.?-,.—'.,.,7..,,.    125,.,',
A- ]^le^E^ishi3yi^p,c21b^ris";..^^ :
:   '7Mlk.Te;a,'Chir-SpecialBlend^ 2 lbvf6ryJ:'i'.:; 75""'
* Bul'lf Tea;good quality;* S^s^for.. .X. ? A _V_ 1.00/ *
Tomatoes, 2lb.tins;7,for .*':':..v.-....../.'.*,.'.1.00
Corn, 2 lb. tins, 5 for  .55 /
'-'•//vMrtrafat Peas/2 pkgs. for'tfA. .'.A.-.... _ AAA-i5'1-' .25'"--'
-'.'■vv-i       .j ■•'.'/'*.        •     v    . '•• y\-   - • .'}•' •, ■.- ' *.
'?\Turnips, 15-lb.?for_,...:...;;'..'?.::. ;"•:■.... >.'■: .7 . . .25 -*
"W. Mintou loaves shortly for Calgary.   . "   '! ■ r:
Marcus Martin, of Moyie,' is on a
business trip to the city.
Mr. Richard S. Phillips left for Vancouver on Monday, May 27th.
T. Pawcett, engineer on the M. P.
and M. has left for a trip to Edmonton.
Mr and Mrs. A. H. Creo. leave, on
Monday to take up residence ln Victoria,
The |50 gold drawing will take
j.lnco at the Oraai Theatre on Mori-
flay night.
Dick Tutthlll has loft for Victoria,
whoro ho has obtained an appointment
ln tho Land Department.
Samuel Sbono, Blairmoro, and Pred
"AJlott, Frank, havo boon appointed a
hoard ot examlnors tor flro oobbos.
J. W, Bonnott has roturnod from Nanaimo, whoro ho had boon attending
Uio convention of tho Knights ot Pythias,
Word has boon rocelvod hy MIbb
AicnGB Man a (.an that her father dlod on
Thursday, May 30th, at Pembroke,
' Mrs. J. It. Pollock and Miss Pollock
have roturnod from California, whoro
tliey havo boon   spending    a   fow
,   months" holiday.
The Calgary Industrial Exhibition
, will tako placo in that city from Juno
2F.th to July 6th,    Exhibition ontrlos
cIobo on June 15.
Tho rogular monthly tea of tho Methodist I-adtott' Atd will bo hold at tbo
home of Mrs. A. O. Burns, Dalton Ave,
on Tuosday afternoon, from 3.30 to 6.
P.O. O. Edwardos, accountant at tho
local branch of tho Bank of Commerce
tias boon tnuiB-orrcd to Dawson City.
■   nt... W» on htn lnnp trip nn Th.irsi.i-V.
It. II- "Wc-lr, -i*f*T*n_.--r of \hc 1\tn\\-
iiiro department of tho TrltoB-Wood
Co., loaves for I^thhrldgo noxt weok,
whero ti« has outnlned an interest in
tha Standard Furniture Co,
J A. liroloy ta. Vfcn awarne-. n
largo contract from the town of Mel-
■ford, Ban.-., for waterworks, oowerace,
aewag.. disposal plant, power house
and reiorvolri,
Otto Mler, of New Mlchol. bat* won
his bot that ho wo id drlvo a teitm ot
hr>:s«s Into Bpokan? within 12S hjurs
from starting time *n Fornl*. H<) trot
Into Qpokano wltb 2-1 hours In hanl.
Mra, and Miss M. Oorrle loft Fernio
<m TuflKiay, May 2ttb for their ranch
*frtr Flagstooe, O, C Tbo Oorr4'*
an. well known In Ftrni*, havlnur r*-
slded hsre and at Coal Creek for severa! yean.
Mrs. Jennings and Mr. I_es_le Mills
Intend leaving shortly for a prolonged
stay ln the East.
, Constablo Amherman left'on Monday with some prisoners.to the coast
and intends remaining thero on a holiday for a couple of weeks.
The nominations for the East Koote-'
nay riding closed on Thursday, May
30, and aB far as we understand'there
was no ono, put up to'oppose Mr.
Green, tho Conservative nominee, and
consequently ho Ib the member elect.
The Coming feature at the Orpheum
will bo tho May Day Celebrations in
Pernio and tho "Pour Daro Devils"
We understand that somo excellent
views havo hoon taken of tho former,
whllBt tho latter Ib said to bo a flno
three-reel feature film dealing with
lovo and romance, Interspersed with
comody and tragedy. Tho exact dates whon thoso pictures will bo shown
has not yet boon fixed, but will be
announced by handbill,
. , Fernie Juniors Defeat Cranbrook >
The Fernie Juniors defeated the
Cranorook Intermediates,, In a fast
gamo, at Cranbrook, May 24, by a score
of nineteen to fifteen. Tho young
Pernleites have not been defeated yet
this season, and are already making
th: old fans alt up and take notice.
They certainly would be a credit to a
much larger, city than Pornle, and aro
deserving of the support of this city.
Tho line-up was as followB*.
Catcher, John Hovnn; pitcher, Menlo
Glddlngs; 1st base, Pete Henderson;
2nd base, Ray Giddtngs; short stop,
Alex Dunlap; 3rd base, John McLach-
Ian; right field, A. McLood; contre
field, Geo. Rocketts; left field, J.
Bllghtio.     ,.
Tho Pernio Votoran's Brigade had
a great tlmo on Friday night, the occasion being a,smoking concert, A
large number of tho mombors and
their friends wero In attondanco and
pasaod tho tlmo pleasantly In con-
verso, Bong, refreshments and Bmokea,
Tlio concert pvogrammo wos exceedingly good, and brought out somo excellent talont. Everybody w»b happy
and lustily Joined in tlio choruses.
Glorious weather brought out a largo
concourse of peoplo from all along
tho Pass to wltncs thb sports ln Elko
on Victoria Day, and tho management
wbc had tho arrangements in hand
havo every reason to pnu.. u-ouiiw.vei
ou tUk (_CM-OV-fi-M«jUi> -w uuioiimH
incident occurred during tlio day to
mar tho proceed In gs. and tb« holitfay
th'ong made full vse of tho fow hours
they were there.    "Unfortunately tho
)KH_HtK.i-_-_i  tllkii.  yul-JA.   _u  i_.Ui.tv *U>
hour and a halt late and It therefore
did not loavo much time to visit the
pretty scenery around IL 8UI1, !ow
mJasod seeing the beautiful water
Thn sports consisted mostly of horse
racing, the Indians fully participating
nnd .'«rrj<'!..r off many of th» prlies.
Bosc'-ball was also a big feature, qnlte
a number of the visitor* watching tha
game keenly.
The mnjorlty of Use holiday maketa
retained on tho ev#nlng pitMixar.
but (.tilte. a number of the younger
eifioent remained over for the dance
In the evening.
"What'B tho reason overyono likes
the show at tho Isis so well that thoy
will pay 20 cents to boo tbo.plctui'OB
when they might go to some placo else
for loss?"
ThlB is n question that has boon
askod ovor and over again, We aomo-
times look at tbo immonso crowds our-
boIvcb and ask tho samo question, but
whon wo como to think of It, tho answer Is easy BECAUSE	
Wo get the BEST PICTURES to be
ob(ittned) Irrespective of Cost.
We try to got on every change day
a program of plcturos that will ploaso
ovorybody, men. women and children,
of all classes/and wo usually succeed,
And then "correct offects oro never
accidental," So it's a* accident that
makes our pictures bo clour; Un's simply that we havo (he best operator to
bo obtained, and have a curtain mado
by ourselves, which we think shows
Just as fine a picture and better picture thnn tho most cxponslvo curtain
made, ■'•"T>^fl
Thon, age,ln, wo havo another charm
.alio Ib aomo charmer, too). .We
havo one of! tho best pianists tn the
city, woo _iuo.ii. uuw to p-ay Ui« _>'w
This may sound to you like an essay on the tupronucy of the hts to
till othor theatres on earth, but it Isn't
that reality.    We talk a wholo lot,
j but we Mm, h^h. *, Ul -ih(-'«. out I*.'*
up with actual deeds.     ||
We have simply,, set a splendid
•tandard and havo maintained it. So
this Is the "excuio" for our patrons
liking our -show, and it Isn't such a
,"worue'* excuse, IS IT?—Advt.   '
.    ' •;. ■
OTTAWA, May 2«.~Hoa. Mr. Croth-
«rs. Minister of Ubor, lftitves for tho
we«t on June 17. and will be In Vancouver on Jnly 5. He will make a
■pernon*.! atwdy oi labor eotiaUtoM In
British Columbia mines.
TERMS—$20.00 cash, and balance $10.00 monthly..
RESTRTCTIONS-rr-Only one dwelling to be built on
each lot.       , ^
< ' s '
The steadily increasing, output of the Mines make
'"y « ■ . .
more* dwellings a necessity.
Only a limited number of lots being offered.
For full particulars and plans
of lots offered apply to
Hillcrest,  Alta.
Home Secretary McKenna- bat ordered the iwleaa* from prison of Ou*
Bowman, editor 'of the Syndfcmllrt
who has served two "mouths or the *•»•
ten«e Imposed oa him for pubHsJtJfi* In
uadU.y Ut«i»U.». Tha celcaoc a1*
Mann and Dowman van In ttspensK. to
thousands of petitions tent to tht go-
vert-wenl, ftrotettlng against their coi
vlctlon nnd sentence.
Oeorge Heatherton, recently e4
CttftmnntA, trt_t now a Vaaeemv-**. lie,
fir m^ttng wffh »IF Hrfnd.i of nn<n*mn tit
tbe organisation ef tht logger* of tb*
Canadian Pacific coast. The new union will bo chartered by the American
Federation of Lnbor nnd knowir an
tbo Logger** and Lumbor Workors*
Federation, Tt li expected {hit it will
bo jxrtstbW to mako tho now organi-
*«.._>._ provincial In its ocopo feofore
tho tVooo of (bo* prosont yoar.    Mr.
Heatherton carries nn eadorsatlon
from the Vancouver Trades,and Labor Council nnd is receiving financial
support from tbo A. F. of U oxeeoUte
council. Tho labor tomplo wtir bo
made ht*dq«arlo»*» for tbo now or-
franlfatlen, wltb a local Merotarr in


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