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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1912-05-18

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Industrial "Uiii^ is Strength.
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The Official Organ of District No. 18, V. M. W. of A.
--.    A ■'   "<?\"
MAY ^ 1912   -r
4ICB1A. ^A^ "
$1.00 A YEAR.
"- -. • <_.-■■ _l_s_3£l£ - Oi»^
I-   -
Fall of Rock in No. Three
Mine The Cause of
f   The Fatality
y .A sad fatality occurred 'here on
\yedneaday night In No. 3 mine. A
miner named John Crippen had jub.
. commenced to load a car when a fall
of. the. roof, occurred and a large piece
7 of stuff fell on him.. -Help was quick-
.'-•ly at hand, and the stuff was removed
from the unfortunate man, to accomplish which required'the effort of six
• men.' He - was at onoe conveyed to
"■'the Hospital'where Mr. Weldon'pro:
.nounced'life extinct.othe"cause being
fracture of.the skull.   .The accident
.occurred at about a quarter past ten
en- the afternon shift.*    We, wish to
" extend our deepest; sympathy toward
- his .wife and family, in their sad be-'
:retirement. '•,,    -7    - ,   -
P. R.
Criminal Prosecutions .. Being   Undertaken Against Men Alleged to be
,   Guilty of Breach'of Provincial,
* :. Act" ;•'**--.   .    '*••
As a result'of investigations and reports from departmental officials, Attorney General Bowser has retained
W. C. Moresby,i barrister of Victoria,
and despatched that gentleman to
Cumberland there to .. represent the
Crown in proceedings under the Coal
Mines Regulation Act against both the
Canadian- Collieries Ltd.,* and a num-,
ber of that company's employees,* the
two parties being alleged tp be jointly
and equally responsible, for , certain
violations of the eight-hour. clause of
the act.   „ .--'  -     .  '
. Sometime ago the Trades and Labor
Congress fo Canada made an' assessment of 10c. per capita on all members
affiliated .with .. it to help Dis-.
trict 18, U. M. W.'of A. fight ,the Krzuz
Case, with^the gratifying result that
Secretary-Treasurer ..Carter has this
week received the handsome sum of
$1,600."    •     ,'*-' '    '
In Favor of Foreign Dependents—
Cancellation   of   Union   Charter   In
Chicago Because Members Joined -
Pressmen's Strike
Good Cheer toXMany Widows
h -
ft", i-
•in ^connection with .the new department'of natural resources, the coal
-> mining brach: under Lewis Stockett,
Is being organized by.the Canadian
.Pacific/and several appointments have
'been made already;„-.   -    ,'?     *•'•*
"7 B- T- Coon has been appointed su-
. "perintendent -of coal agencies - for A1-?
I.--1-* *.
"■■-. ed* States, with "headquarters in.. Cal-
y .-^Robert Llvingstone'hasbeen    ap-(
'; I'p.inted sup>erlntendent':of Gait mines,
""7 with headquaftejs"*."Lethbridge?'*'**.'
.  'D.™ Q." Wilson has been placed   in
v    ,charge of*-.the 'company's, mine*.' at
■'.-, Hosmer, while,-P. W. Guernsey is to
.be superintendent at Bankhead. .
Priest Takes Hand In Coal 8trlke and
Gives Some Good Advice
- PHILADELPHIA,*; May 10.—Outside
of, the attack on the. Cayuga breaker of
the-Lackawanna Coal CoA in:"' North
Scranton"" by -.about . 2,000 ? foreigners
there was*no.rioting;?bf.consequence
in' the hard-coal fields today.  -The
On   Thursday,' before   Magistrate
• Whimster, Wm. Barr charged John
McCarty with assault.     The prosecutor alleged that ho was roughly handled by accused, -whilst" tho latter pleaded  self-dofen&e.     It    appears'   that
when the Conl Creek train halted In
Fornio tho mon ln tho coach getting
ready to get off received the usual
•  Jolt,.    Barr, who happened to bo ln
;front  of  McCnrty, . nccuspd   him  of
pushing.     One word lod.'to another,-
, ,. with tlio rosult that,' according to McCarty, Burr struck him. (  Ho retaliated ln "real Lancashire Rtylo," averred
Barr.   Mnplstrale Whlmstor fined the
1  accused .5.00 nnd costit (fl.OO). _.
, -   This morning (Friday) a charge ot
assault wnB preferred against Bnrr by
John McCarty, who stated that on tho
following day throo of tho Bnrrs at-
taclcod hln.,  tlio principal offender
' being tho accusod.     Tho snmo flno
was imposod,
north Scranton disturbance was quickly quelled and'everything is quiet tonight"... Chief interes't now centers in
the' actlon^gje miners will take on
Tuesday, when,, thlpy .mjet; in„.Wilkes-
barre ,to either approve pr rejectee
action, of the representatives who'
took part in the recent conference in
NCw York.. A large meeting of the
miners held late today at Shenandoah
was addressed-by Father ,l7b. Norton of the Church' of the Annunciation.
Father Norton urged the men* to
"stand by your leaders and vote; to
adopt. the- agreement arrived at^by
theiv Bub-cotnmltteo of the union officers in tho New York conference."
He, urged thb men' .V'"turn a deaf
ear to tho representatives ot a certain
labor organization who aro endeavoring to" stir up discontent among you
miners." y /
A cable despatch from London brings the, goods-
'* '        i *       * A     ■ 7      ' "■ v
news that the Privy Council has given' a decision-
in favor of Mrs.,Krzuz, the widow of Mike Krzuz,-
who lost his life in the Michel mines-some, four
years ago. * The Crows Nest Pass Coal Co.' refused
to,, pay compensation on the "grounds that as she,
and her children were living outside of the",Pro-1
vincevof'B. C.',in Austria, she .could not claim the
benefits under the Compensation Act.' - District 18,"
U. M. "W. of A., .at once recognized that a,/great,
prnciple of justice was here involved, and that"' were •
they to let this go by unchallenged it would bring'
misery (upon miny a widow and orphans, old par-'
ents and others living outside of the Province whose
husbands, fathers and sons, may. one day meet .with
the same fate as befell Mike Krzuz.     A'test case
was made and. Judge'Wilson decided in favor;of.
the.foreign*dependant.. The C. N. P. Coal Company, no*doubt backed by the other operators .in-
B. C. arid Alberta, were not satisfied and.appealed
to the Supreme.Court in Vancouver.   ,7Here;they
their favor and one" against.
*' There was nothing
left' for the District to do but to go to. the highest
tribunal; the Privy Council of Great Britain. , To
do ths thousands of dollars is required, and District
'6L Western Federation* of Miners, seeing that the
adverse decision affected them equally, as much as
' it. did the coal miners;' willingly stepped in and
.rendered valuable financial assistance.   - This was
not all. 'The'miners' fight became known throughout the length and breadth of the Dominion, and,v
prgariized labor through the Trades and Labor,,
Congress of Canada, likewise sent in moiiey ~td
. swell the'.'f und. and * not .later than Tuesday, the
jvery day-on .which the Privy 'Council had the appeal up\before ""them, - Secretary-Treasurer Carter
"received $1600 from Mr Daper, the secretary of the
Trades and Labor Congress.     : "
"  Pendiijg thisdecison some .forty odd cases for
;ccmpensation   under   the   Act, have   been, held,
'.op   in .this .District. ?' Now   that   the   mining'
^companies know that their fight against poor.wid-
'ows and orphans," aged fathers and mothers is lost,
,andth__t the dividends cannot-be swelled.through
?the withholding of moneys justly, due to these, they
'will, no doubt, pay without further ado..' The ver-
jdigt_ioOhe Privy.'Council*'is'. truly a victory for
CHICAGO, May 14.—President Jas.
J.' Frlel of the International Stereotypes' and Electrotypers Union, took
drastic action against members of the
Stereotypers' Union, No. 4, who quit
work in sympathy with the newspaper
Friel and his associate members of
the executive council of the International Union formally cancelled the
charter of the union because the men
refused to return to ordered
by Friel. Several'days ago, in, anticipation of this discipline, officers of
the local union made preparations to
issue "travelling-cards" ,,to their members, giving the men standing in any
office in the country. > President
Friel's order cancelling the charter
of the union also cancelled all travelling cards the union to any
of its members. ?      , .. ,   .
The effect of this action by Mr.
Friel is to leave every stereotyper
employed in Chicago outside the
union ranks.
It is understood to be the intention
of Mr. Friel to try to organize another union in Ihe place of the .one
just wiped out by him.        '
Although there was some disorder
today*the newspaper situation apparently Improved.
organized.labor,-although the scab, the non-union
skunk and all those., of* the same kidney will benefit
through it, without having-cost them a cent,
50,000 TAILORS ARE v.
Both Men and Women Workers are
Out — Trade Badly Crippled
Juno 20 will bo the dato ot tho bye-
election to fill llio vacunoy,cruised by
tho appointment of A. S. Goodovo,
M, P., for Kootonoy, to tho railway
commission. This announcement was
mado Inst night by Capt. D, 0. Mc-
Morris, returning offlcor.
Nominationb will bo iii'idc on May
,10, Tlio proclamations aro now In
tho hands of lho printers and will lio
postod within tho noxt few days.
Poitmatter-General   Accedes  to   Oft-
Made Request
Tho good nowii hns boon rocelvod In
tho city thnt tho mail sorvlco Is to
bo started at na oarly a dato na po*
M-VIC    (we,   wApTfilfffr}   ?ff.    Itifi.ri   t**1    CT
Mw. ftflnrnnnT. train    trnm    MonVtnA
Hat to Cranbrook,
Tho agitation for this service has
boon In proftross tor .tlio past two
years or moro, tho Fornlo, nnd othor
bnnrrtn of tmrtp ronPntoiHv nsklnp th/*
favor. Thoro was nothing doing,
however, beyond promises of consideration until recently, when renewed
requests were mndo'to tho Postmaster
Genornl for nn Improved service on
tho Crow's Nest lino, and also on tho
MnclGOi'-CftlKar*. branch. Tho Voa\.
master-General writes that the worvlce
o. tho Cranbrook train will bo atoned
at anb early date, but tbat on tho Macieod train there Is now an open malt
and a clou-d mull both ways dally and
he thought that sufficient for tho pro-
LONDON, May- 10.—The tailors'
strike has now bocomo a matter of
serious concorn to all London, When
nearly 30,000 oast ond male and female workors Join tho 20,000 west-end
stridors today,' tho master tailors ln
tho city will bo as helpless to fulfill
tholr' customers' ordors as aro tholr
follow tradesmen of tho west-end.
Tho' boat wavo which descended
upon London was tho cause of many
ordors for thinner'suits. City tailors accepted tho ordors, but tho por-
spiring customers wero told that tholr
fulfilment could not be guarantood, or
long an tho kiil.o lasted. Thoro Is
not a master tailor In tbo wholo of
London who can definitely promise a
milt or tallor-mado costume,
In accordance with tho decision arrived at on Wednesday night, about
10,000 tailors and tallorosBoB In tho
east-end havo consort work and made
yosterday a. holiday. Tho tension of
tho strlko moans a Iobb ot hundreds of
th'ouBandn of pounds to Loudon tailors.' May Is a month which always
dootdoB whothor the yoar will bo good
or bad.
(Special to the District Ledger)
WILKESBARRB, May 10 (midnight).-Possibilities of a strike that would bo national and bring
on wide suffering seemed remote today.   T, L.
Lewis, ox-president of tlio United Mino Workers of
Amorica addressed the coal workers and presented to them a direct picture in-tho case of a strike.
Ex-President John Mitchell'is expected hero any
hour, and tho delegates, who havo been arriving
for .sovoral days, nre looking forward to bis arrival
in Wilkcsbarre.    All authentic roports on today's
doings say the tentative agreement entered into by
tho minors and operators was received in tho mine
workorB' convention today with satisfaction, but
when adjournment was taken until tomorrow the
question of accepting or rejecting tlio prepared new
wage, arrangement had not been voted on.   It is
probable tho rnnttcr will not-bo determined beforo
Friday.    Tlio surprise of tho day wns tho appear-
anco in Wilkesbarre of T. T_. Lewis, who, on invention to address tho convention, told tho mnn   io
stand l)y their.officers.    He wns followed by Frnnlc
J. Hayes, vico-prcHidont of the international organi-
ntion of the miners, who ndvisod thc adoption of
the agreement.
When, by invitation of President White, Mr.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., May 13.—Antagonists in the Socialist national convention, to a platform declaration ap-
proylng the unit form _of_labor__organi-
Lewis took the platform, he very quickly told them
where they stood,     He said that he beliovcd the
miners should stand by their officers, and further
that he believed tho anthracite sub-committee had
obtained the very .best terms possible in tlieir op-
oration, though thoy were far from satisfactory.
ITo urged the delegates to be careful in considering
tho' important questions boforo them, and referred
tliom to tlio costliness of n striko,     The people
generally in the anthracite region look with satisfaction at thc agreement.'    It is admitted that a
numbor of lho men are dissatisfied with the agreement, but thoy feel that if their leaders nro satisfied with it thoy will havo to tnko it.    It was said
that if no further minor concession can bo gained
. in the matter of wages that tho miners all ask the
term of agreement bo cut down from two years to
ono yonr.     Tho tontativo agreement received, by
tho sub-committco and tho operators grnnls   tlie
mon toil per cent increase in wages, but abolishes
tho sliding scale.    Tho miners sny the abolition of
tho sliding scalo will-give them a not incroaso of
only fvo nnd six por cont.     Tho demands for nn
eight-hour day asked for by tlie men wns not granted, but they receive a number of concessions in the
mattor of tho present grievances "nnd expect thoir
Tho Conservative Convention to nominato a candldato for tho forthcom-
Ing hyoeloctlon In this riding to succeed A. 8. Godevo, was hold In Nolson yesterday (Thursday) morning.
Fornlo wns well represented, and put
up a strong fight for Dr. Tlonncll, but
wero not successful, |ho nomination
going to Jl. F. Orccn, of Victoria, a
ono-tlmo mombor of thb McBrido cabinet As Oio__£omlnca Is not popular
-with all section* of hla party a Liberal
candidate will In all probability bo
placed in tho Held lo _>.>_k>»u litm,
zation as opposed to the craft plan of
the American Federation ot" Labor
succeeded tonight* in electing majorities of the platform, convention resolutions and labor organizations com-1
mltees" of the convention.. After the
report of the tellers of the ballots* was
read, Congressman .Berger, of Wisconsin, speaking for the Conservative delegates" announced that not only would
thb convention refuse to endorse "industrial unionism," but would go on
record as condemning the methods of
the Industrial Workers of tho World.
"Wo have more than Beventy-five
per cent of tho two hundred and eighty
delogatos," ' said Mr. Berger, "and it
is cbrtaln 'the convention will assert
tho,Socialist party's withdrawal from
nny 'free speech* or 'revolutionary action' campaigns instigated by tho Industrial 'Workers.
Major Lewis J. Duhcnn, ot Butto,
Montana, wns the only successful cnn-
did uto on tho' slato ot the Industrial
Unionists >for the platform committee.
After his election he stated ho would
advocate tho endorsement of industrial unionism. "I-uni a member of
tho revolutionary wing of tho pnrty,"
ho added.
Wllllnm D. Haywood, a leader of tho
Industrial Worltors, said that members
of tlio organization /juiong the delegates would go beforo tlio convention
asking for continued financial support
of tho SoclallBt party In the Industrial Workors' "free speech" fight In
Sau Diego, Col,, notwithstanding the
rosult of tho election.!.
Tlio committees nro lo report on
Thursday nnd cnndldittoa for president, vice-president of the Unltod
Rtntos nro to bo nomlriuiod on Friday.
Iloportfl of representatives on special
committees on education and Immigration nro to bo acted on tomorrow.
That tho plntform to bo submitted
will not differ vltnlly from tho natlonnl platform of four years ago was llio
statement of pnrty lenders after Uio
oloctlon of a plntform committee,
 in   v ir
Love is Said to be The
Cause of Tragedy-
Case in Progress
v MACLEOD, Alta., May 15—The. records of a crime, with features distinctly Zolaesque, started to unfold
themselves in the court house of Macieod yesterday morning, before Chief
Justice Harvey and a jury "of six,
when Samuel Willnaky, a Slav miner,
was charged with the murder of a
compatriot, George Lakatooz, at Frank
on -. the eighteenth day of February,
1912 '
Counsel's Opening Speech
, In opening'the case for the Crown.
W. M. Campbell said that he would attempt to prove' that on or about tbe
18th of February, 1912, that prisoner
had killed one George' Lakatooz. Be
took care to use the words "on or about," ' inasmuch as there was some
dispute as to the precise hour ln which
the crime was committed.* Accused
and deceased worked together in the
same mine. The latter was a married man, while prisoner was a bachelor.   . ,'  ;        Ai        '     A-
• They had boarded together for some.
time, and afterwards,built a.shack-in.
which they continued to ljve together
and where deceased, and his wife took
Doaraersr~^JUiur_ng_ .n.sjume - bb--^—:
cuscd showed a violent infatuation for ,.
the wife of Lakatooz, and at different^ ,-
times offered her money in" •
induce her to go away with him;   On
the night of the mugder, deceased, his*.;',
wife," two <boarders, and a stranger,,
were present in the shack, y On th«
morning of the day on which the murder 'was committed, accused went to
Coleman.    About 10.30 that night; deceased started out to his work in the, .
mine.    It would bo shown that while
on his way thero ho was'' shot.     Also
evidence would bo produced to prove
that prisoner was waiting for ,'hlm,
as ho did not return to the shack until'
between ono and two In tho morning,
although tho train he camo back by.  .
from Coleman arrived considerably before that time?
Robert McGowan First Witness
Tho first witness called was Robert
McGowan, who said that accused had
purchaBod from the store in which ho
was employed a box of, cartridges,
with bullets similar to that found on
the dead man. In cross-examination,
his means for identifying same was
through having accused's name on tho
duplicate slip. Looking at prisoner *
however, he would not swear he was
tho snmo mnn who bought tho cartridges.
' Uvldonco was also given by Thos.
Tinrdy, O. Klnloch, Geo. Vussmoro and
Sorct.'1 Bower
The London police picked up newly
2,000 homeless peopls in one night: Socialism must havo destroyed their
There have hoon numoroua prow. roporln ciim.ul
that Commissioner McNeil and President Slnhlw
hnd made a request to tho Minister nf Lahor to
appoint a permanent chairman to act upon dispute;,
which, in accordance with the agreement betwr'ii
thc Western Coal'Operatora' Association and Dis-
U.',.l    10     n,f,   fl-,wml«/,V«i.»   ««,1   ■»!.**-t(1(M*it    mi'1
,,41.*     *^|     ..#»,     VI/..M-. ...... \. ..........**^       ■• '«
..I.- vua\Ac if/ ...!11d. Those rrporh am mr*.r*:.<lt*.v;
and without foundation so far an President Rhil.lw
is concerned. It is quite true that fifler talcing tip
cortnln mattorfi in dispnto with Commissioner Mc-
Vnil    if   fnlnni-v   A«   **li«   ^tli   1.10.       Hivl   ftllWlIf  1l*i   11V-
.1.,,.     u ..       ,.l..f^+.j      ....     ....      .... }
rive at a satisfactory net.lenient, a joint klpprmn
signed hy McNoil and Stubln, wn« sent to tlio .n_«.
partmont of Labor asking the Minister lo appoint
n chairman according to tho provisions of tlm
Afrrcement, nnd no reference was mode in the rnnttcr of soliciting the aid of tlie Deportment in appointing any one lo fill that position prnnnnontlv.
On Thursday President Stubbs learnt through
tho Lothbridgo News Hint Mr. Hurry Henlloy, of
Lnlhbridgn, hnd been asked, and hnd accepted the
position of chairman, and on becoming nngniznnt
of tho action of the Department,1 immediately wired tho Minister protesting ngninst tho selection of
Mr. Bentley to act ns chairman under any eirenin-
nfownon Tf'*"- +rt  ttlf\  ^ lfn f*.   ,44*  r*y,^r.  In  >*.ve...o -i-.f.  v|-\>(!.»
*-    • 4 • •        ■ .   *.. .   n*  ...0   .   '   i  - •      •    .  •.
bnn bepn mfcivrd lo ..).*■• -pn*.-At. Tlu* n.rii 5__ 1 ...*•
District,'however, t-nn rest assured thai m» dispul«.->.
will ever again be submitted to that gentleman to
adjudicate if il enn bo possibly nvoided.    We nre
-,lt   t\\\  -MrnA-3 "co'irlv tn tnt'n vlirttfivnv  nviv
bo given by nn arbitrator who may show thnt lie
understands the question ho is arbitrating upon,
but wc most cerfninly do not oontcmplnte placing
in tho hands nf one who, on the Inst oeension, actually gave the coal company more thnn they won!
asking for, ami this is what Mr. Ilentley did in tlie
m n I for of fh-'« Vrttn); contract.
j^TNoxt Friday J>ein# a Public Jfolirifiy all copy intended for
publication must bo in this office Wednesday, May 22, at noon.
IHJJ.-JTH, May M.—Six of tho llilr-
toon men entombed nt tho 2,000 foot
level of the NorrlH mlnn nf Irmiwond,
Mich., by n cnvo-ln Inst nlRht, nro tonight i, ron pod In n Htnnll spiico with
'-''"C r. '.'.; !;• (f :.':'.■*,! -!.-.' ! J1
thnrn, two n<l<r>r hniUffl hnv«* lipr-ti
nroiiRht tn thn nurfnro.
Tho men still nllvo nro twin., fed by
moans of n llttlo pine drlvon throiiRh
tho onrlh that hmnn thorn In.   Many
r-xiPiiorw   'ir.-   wfirHni'  tii   n>iv».   Il-r...
It In not known just wlmt caiiRod tho
Majority Feel That nn Obligation of
Honor 8hould be Respected
OllICAOO, May 13.—Hy a voto of
1001) to (ilil., tlio intuub-erH of tho Typographical Union, yoHtordny. voted riot
to ko on Btrlko In sympathy with the
presflinon who aro now out on nil tho
ChleiiKo dally nnwHpiipor offlcoH,
. Whllo tlio vote wan derisive, J. M.
Lynch, tuU-nintlonnl Typographical
'Ciilon PrrHldent, nnd Walter L. llur-
roll, president of tho ChlriiRo locnl,
liiul .ixpn-'lei] thai tho majority nie-
nltiRt it strlko would hnvo Iw.n inwr
than tlio returns hIjowimI. Doth of
thorn, however, expressed tlioniHolve«
au woll pUmsod wllh tho n>_ull,
From tho hcKlnnliiK of tho nRltntlnn
thoy urged tho prlnterx not to take
Hitrli it «fen Tlmv ln«l*t<>f! thnt tlio
lire«ont rnntrnet wllh tho piihlUhorn
wiim blndlm., nnd could not bn broken.
nUMlTIf. Minn.. May lG.—Tho ro-
«m1I, Initiative nndreterendum wero
written Into Diiltith'H rhnrter *'«.«t*r-
day by nil overwhelming vote. Only
two of <3C precincts voted In fho n«-
Bntlvo. The voto stood four-fifths for
th.! (.u,ngi
c-d r.,3:'.l favored tho amendment.    A
tl-ice-f ftlm voto w.u nceemry.
HI.AHt.MOUl-:, nMv 1«.—II 1« rstwrf.
eil lliat work will start .-arlj- In Juno
nn tho Pans electric railway. It I*
announced thnt tho ftrnt stretch of
line will ho built from Ulnlrmoro.
to Colcmnn. ,.
.IOM... May .S.~-Tli.. rtinmber of
dcputlcil, by n voto of 301 to 6. hag
paused tha bill ^.tending the fratichlwi
Of WM ballot* n-i-onl- oven to Illiterates, wh«n over 30 years
of ftltt>. Thin In create* tbe numtxr
of voters by flvo million. '*"" 7
:-;; v-'«v -Xv'^v'
'.t;., --v.*-
.U!-* ■
THE DISTRICT .M^ 18. 1912.
•"{ -1"-*'.,
The Political Union
_"   .The Socialist Trade and Labor Alliance was an attempt to form a trade
union movement on a partisan political basis.-  .- It .was an effort to build
* o
up an economic movement, submitting itself to the decisions of a political party.    .   -,
. Previous to 1893 the Socialists" had
developed great strength in the
Knights of Labor. In fact, in that
. year they had obtained control of the
New, York District Assembly of that
organization.' They were largely Instrumental tha^ year In the defeat of
Powderly for re-election, and tlieir
Influence in the order was so great
that G. R. Sovereign, the newly elected master workman, promised to appoint n'member of the Socialist Labor
.. party to the editorship of the journal
of the Knights of Labor.
The  promise  was not  kept'   .and
ga%*e rise to a heated controversy between Sovereign and Daniel De Leon,
the leader of the Socialists in the order
and editor of the People, the official
organ of the S. L. P.     As a result of
" this controversy the annual convention
. held at Washington in December, 1895,
..refused to seat De Leon as a delegate.*
(The ■ New  York    District    Assembly
then withdrew/and all connections bet-
„ ween the S. L. P. and the^Knights of
Labor were severed.
In July of 1890 a national convention was held of the S. L. P. Some
Socialist trade unionists had, just be-
constitution that we should have delfr
gates from ,the S?L. P. to act in an advisory way and to influence the convention of that economic organization. . I do not think at the present
time this convention should pass any
motion inviting.fraternal delegates."
/At the same convention Delegate
Myers offered the following r amendment to the party constitution: , . ;
. "If ■ any member of the S.. L. P. accepts officein a pure and simple trade
or labor organization, he shall be considered antagonistically inclined > to-'
ward "the S. L. P. aad shall be expelled. If any officer, of a pure and
simple trade or labor organization applies for membership in theS. L, P.
he shall be rejected."
During all the discussion which followed we find the party driven beyond
the position of seeking to" destroy c_y>
italist political parties to that of seek-'
ing to destroy all rival labor-.organizations. It was, of course, an inevitable result of its position. The Socialist's who had broken away earlier
had prophesied that it must come.
Now there was no longer any attempt'
to conceal the intentions of the S. L.
P. lo ruin the trade union movement.
Delegate Dalton says: "We call upon
the "Socialists of the United States to
get out of the pure and simple labor
organizations. and smash them to
pieces." "If you believe," said Delegate Schulberk, "that the Social Revolution is more important than a petty
job in a pure and simple union, you
will step down, you will.tear up'your
fore, launched the. Socialist Trade and  can,' if- necessary, and fight for the
Labor Alliance as a rival to the -Am-
erican Federation of Labor and to the
Order bf the Knights of Labor. At the
convention the National Executive
Committee presented in its report the
outlines ;of the new organization. It
. consisted' chiefly bf bitter denunciation of the existing trade union movement and, the hope that the national
convention of the party would indorse
•' the Socialist Trade and Labor Alliance. Hugo Vogt made to the convention, the statement of the Socialist
Trade and Labor Alliance:  l
,"The fact," he said, "that an .economic movement which can at times
.• marshal an 'army of 500,000 "men, js
composed of schemers directly opposed to Socialism.' cannot be n .mat,
ter of .indifference to us. ' Tliere are
no two ways about it. The whole" of
this labor movement must become saturated with Socialism, must be placed
under Socialist control, if we mean to
bring together *the' whole working
class Into the army of emancipation
which we need to accomplish our purpose.
"We want you to understand." he,
continued, "that tho Socialist Trade
and Labor Alliance considers itself nn
ally nnd supplement of tho Socialist
Labor pnrty.     Tho recent convontlon
of (he alliance, in adopting a conutl-
tutlon, provided thnt wo request and
Invito all sections of the S. L. P. to
bo rep resented in Hie central bodies
of the alliance .... in tho'same inn...
"ner,as  the various unions-are,  but
without paying any duos to the natlonnl organization  or taking out any
' In order to mnko it impossible for
any mnsked swindlers to obtain in-
fluonco in the nlllnnco and swing It
bad; to tho conservative side, wo
have provided tlint every officer ....
Hlmll tako n pledge thnt bo will not bo
affiliatr-a with nny capitalist party,
and will not mipport nny political notion except thnt of tho S. I., p. Wo
hnvo nl bo provided that whon the Nn-
tloniil Hxocutlvo i.onrd shall find any,
Mich officer lining hm orficc In tho In-
lorosl of nny political party othor than
the 8. l., p. lio shall bo expelled."
Union nnd the WoHtorn Kodorntlon or
Mlnem, und demnndod that "our Com-
r.'idoH In thn Wr-qt Bhould ptrnli. ovory
now to build up' a powerful rnlnon.'
Thono aro the chief linos nn which
was founded lho only Btrlctly politic
a! trade union that hns ovor, ro fnr
-is I know, been launnlinil In thlg or
nny oHm-t country. It Ih woll known,
of rourno, tlinl lho aoclnlliit Trndo mid
I'libnr AlUmi-in novor hnd thn HllglitcHt
Irifluonro In lho labor movomont othor
Hum to Injure Horli.ll.mi, ami thoro
would ho no ronnon for rovlowlng Itn
hlHtory now except to how*, un a bit tor
Tho organization enmo up aKiiln for
dlftt u.,.i!ori ut tho 8. I_. p, convontlon
of 1000. As pnictlcnlly .-vory Horlnl-
lut who oppoHnd the trndo union policy
of Uio fl. L. J\ hnd loft that nrj.nnl.ia-
Hon, not ono word of opposition was
uttered In that convent Ion ngalrmt the
florlnllHt Trado and Lnbor Alliance,
it ,_._ i-'ii.t'iiiMn-u mat
i•.!■...'.■•.*.(.■_. ut {.'.*, w...;,.,'.»i
Labor AHIanr.' the H. !_, P. was to
havo Itn roiwwntfttlvee, hut wh«n
Dolegnto Srlnilberg mado a motion
thnt throo fratrrnal   drlogatOB   from
i.».«L. .vi.1, ...ifet  11 AVrt. nm, lu.i'iiu/  Mil_i.fl. ti
S. L. P. first, last and all the time."
, Not content with declaring war upon
the labor movement of America, the
delegates decided to instruct their'representatives to the International Socialist Congress as follows:, "To declare absolute and ' uncompromising
war on-British purejind simple unionism, and in every form* and in every
country." * ,
Delegate'Hickcy also moved a resolution condemning the,,Western'Labor
organization of the Socialist Trade and
Labor Alliance." ,     '
. To make this tragic-comedy more
complete, this remarkable assemblage
of the class conscious reached its' climax .by accepting the recommendation
of the Committee -on    Constitution.
which reported adversely on the*resolution' of Delegate Connelly, that no
employer be admitted to membership
in the S. L. P.      * ,    "  '
The class war was ori. ■ And thnt organization which considered itself the
sole representative of the working
class in America, found itself at last
in the peculiar position of? clamming
its doors in tho face of tho working
class and opening Its'doors to tho em-*
ployor. '
Such was the beginning and end of
that curious nnd eccentric phenomenon—the one and only partisan political trado union tlio world has known.
It is little wonder tliat tho actual
leaders of the working class for years
denounced Socialists nnd Socialism.
Tho anarchists woro forced out of lho Socialist movement for
the very samo reason that tho Social-
IsIh have boon denounced by tho Am--
orlcnn trndo union lenders. Do Loon
policy of rule or ruin wns tlio polioy
of Dakunin In tho Intornutlonul. For
tho sake of the working class organization. Iho uiini'clilsts, with tholr
ruinous nnd disruptive Indies, "'had to
bo nniilhllatod. And no sane Socialist
can blamo tho trndo union lenders for
declaring wnr'on all those who threatened to destroy tho trndo union movomont. Thoy woro forced Into that
poHltlon to save nnd protect tholr or-
(.iinlzutioiiH, just ns llio Marxists wero
forced fo exclude anarch Ists to save
tho Socialist movomont.
Consldor ono moment tho'situation
Kvni-y labor union wna donoimrod as
a lool of capltnllsm, tho Wontorn Indus
trlnl unions along with nil tho craft
unions of thin country nml Kuropn.
And this wns dono by a party that
novor hnd ono-tonlh on mnny nininlioi'H
ns nny ono of lho sovornl Intornntlonnl
unloiiH, and In thn nn mo of n trado
union that could not imiHtor moro thnn
a fow hundred mombors. Consldor
nlno thnt this wiih done by a pnrty
that had committed tho grontoBt crlmo
known In tho lnbor movomont of this
or nny othor country—tlmt of dunl
unionism. As tho Clerical, of Knropo
Imvo lu.H.11 Justly d-jiiounc-eii for forming unions on rolklous IIiioh—thus
dividing nnd Injuring lho working .-lass
--bo woro tho Socialists of tlio 8. h. I',
jtitlly denounced for forming iiiiIoi-'h
on poll!foul linon,
If tho Socialist Trndo nnd Labor AI-
riounced. these policies. ■ ,*.It remains
for us to1, see how the entire Interna-
tiohal'Socialist and trade union movements have refused to sanction the policies of.the S. ,L. P., the. Socialist
Trade and Labor Alliance and the Industrial .Workers of the World. Suffice it to" say. this week that,'-born-ia.
hatred, suckled in dissension, the* sole
partisan trade union that ever arose
to deny the prinpiples and-policies of
International Socialism came to destruction by its own .venom, not, however, until it had implanted the poison"
of its spirit Into the Industrial Workers of the World.—New, York Call.
Te Socialist Party Convention of
1904 declared that "neither political
nor other differences of opinion justify the divisions of the force's of labor in the industrial«movement."  '
We have seen that the S. L. P
attempted to divide trade unionists
on political lines. The Clericals
of 'Europe have repeatedly ' attempted' to divide trade, unionists on
religious lines. The Industrial Workers' of the World attempted to divide
the workers into craft unionists and
Industrial "unionists. The Socialist
party, true' to the -traditions., of the
movement* in all countries condemned
all such 'divisions.' , -y' *     'A   ' '
Industrial unionism has* made .enor-.
niouS strides in the. last few years,
but nowhere has this idea awakened
such bitteiycohtrover'sy as in Amer"?
ca. ". The idea' itself could 'only havo
attracted the mass of craft unionists.
Tun when it was presented by Uk-so
wbo sought to crush all existing labor
organizations; the idea unfortunately
became identified—as Socialism had
been before it—with division,-.dissension and "disruption.
That this was the danger m the industrial Workers of the World was
clearly pointed, oul by various European labor organizations in letters to
the first convention of that or^a ligation. .The French and German organizations refused to. take a staid for
the new movement, and the Danish
unions- decidedly rebuked the - Industrie' "Workers of the World. "The
theoretically' right" form,", writes' the
chairman of the Danish unions, "per?
haps is the organizing according to.iri--
dvstries.'_' This form will ' presently
they'-' are - riot, as in Germany nd
Sweden,- for instance, already in j<■_■_*-
tical force.- We'believe, however, that
It wero rather* a dangerous step to
attempt to force with one blow* a
certain theory, even though same may*
bo absolutely correct. ■ This may bo
conducive of breaking the unity of action of the workers against tho manufacturers, and this, so Ave, think,
would be far more "detrimental than
tho faults of an antiquated form of
unionism, which cannot bold its own
when its usefulness ceases. For theso
^reasons it appears "to us that the attempt .of your congress may have dangerous results for the American trades
union movement in general."
This rebuke was not hooded, and
tho Industrial Workers of tho World
sot out onco again upon tho thorny
path" of "dividing tho workers of the
world, It was soon split Into frng.
ments, ns wo all-know, and did for tho
gicat Idea of Industrial Unionism
iii out tho samo barm that the po'it.l-
cr.l union had,dono for tho groat Idw
ol Soclnllsm.
Tho slow progress that both Social-
is in and Industrial unionism havo
made In America is not at nil dua to
nny Innate antagonism on tlio part of
tho American workers. Tho chief rov
son for thnt slow progross lies-In tho
almost criminal manner ln whloh
thoso Ideas havo boon presented- to
tho Amorlcnn workor. Tho fnct that,
both Soclnllsm and' Industrial unlor-
Ism would havo boon today tlio two
most dominant Idoag in thc labor
movomont of Amorica had thoy boon
differently presented to tho workers
horo In, It. Booms to mc, proved by
I.iikIIhIi experience.
Kolr Tlnrdlo hns .•nninicio] tho
llrltlsh unionists for Soiilnllmii hy
novor allowing himself to bo nlnrod In
opposition to thorn, Tom Maim Is today conquering tho l.rlllB-i Unions fur
uidiip-rml unionism by iho snmo
method. In a Tow month:. h» hits
done.a work that Is simply nst-viiid-
Ing, In fact ho hnd dona rnoro In
two yonrs to promote Industrial union-
ism In England than all tho antiunion Racialist.., nnnrrlilsts nnd Indus-
trlnl Workers of tho World hnvo dono
In this rountry by yonrs of rival
unionism, j;
Tho groat llrlllBh industrial striken
consider them' insufficient."." I know I
know it will-he a formidable'\'as>" io
will' be; a -formidable tasi^ tq'^get. the
existing unions Jto"Amite''*' whole-heartedly and share. courageously •_ in. ,,-tlre
class war?' •: But* I believei that Jt'can
be done.,'*- And-1 any confident; that
the proposed "alternative .--would- be
even more-formidable and'lessMik'e-'y
to succeed, - I bold that" such "entire
reconstruction would result hv'ye'ars
of bickering,-,entailing all' the* present'
sectionalism, - and . probably;?' adding
thereto ,by drawing' larget bodies',into
an" even1 more reactionary '•' position
than they-occupy now. sin'Australia,
where 'the situation is precisely' the
same on "a smaller scale as that -which
prevails in ' Britain;-. I*'associated my
efforts with those who ^trongly defended indus'trlal unionism—but not
with those who attacked the existing
unions, seeking to.establish \ new
force. ■ Moreover, I am' entirely" satisfied that the right course to pursue in*.
Britain Is not- to' show' hostility to the
existing unionists' movement.-1'. -.-.,,'.
The position of Tom Mann Is that,
of tbe leaders of the French^ movement as well. "Wo hear a great deal
In this country about the Industrial
unionism of France, and we are urged
to follow in the footsteps of the
French, General Federation of, -Labor.
Yet the' present anti-Socialist? Direct
Action, leaders 'of the -French movement never at any time declared war
on craft unionism.
The' original craft unions in France
were only a few years ago'dominated
by the "political1;, Socalist's. The anti-
Socialist industrial unionists preached
their gospel, ,in the Socialist craft
unions and finally brought them into
antagonism to the Socialist party. The
French' Syndicalists worked in -, the
French .unions- exactly,as .Tom Mann
.worked In the Brtiish unions. However, it may be well to* point out that
their chief point of difference with the
old* leaders was not as to the form
of the union, but'as to the political
basis of the.union. - They opposed
politics in' the union. '    '
" Emile Pouget, cine of the ablest of
thejFrench Syndicalists, in his official
instructions to the. workers as to
methods of organization, says: "One
question agitates the militant, namely, organization by crafts or organization by industry.- The first of these
modes of. organization one may reproach as- perpetuating the narrow
spirit of 'craft; but whateyer may bo
the preference of any one, it is necessary to prevent the union from be-,
coming a sect." * Ho condemns, therefore, whaUhe calls'the "Union Affini-
ties," "which' is,merely a grouping together'of '.'ideas',','''or "opinions," "rather than a grouping together of "in-
ly he may prefer a union by industry,
he seeks,the building up of the movement, even though it may, be by crafts.
' And in fact,»the • working 'class of
France is ..divided. far • more than wo"
are. 'In Paris alone "'there, are six
trade "unions of jewelry makers, nine
of-lemonade vendors?'-twelve of bricklayer, sand stone- masons; nineteen of'
painters, six, of locksmiths, nine of
train and omnibus workers, seventeen
of printers, nine of bakers and six of
plumbers. The form of organization
therefore, plays a small part in the
so-called French Syndicalism. It allows no politics in tho unions and condemns any division, of tho working
class on Hues of organization, of, re-
liglous faith,;or of political opinions.
-The resolution, therefore, of the Socialist party has the sanction not only
of every European Socialist party, but
of every so-called industrial unionist
who has dono anything to build up
the' actual working clnss'movement,
As n remedy, tho political Socialist
Trado and Labor Alllnnco was Infinite-
ly. worse thnn thc so-called dlsoaso of
puro nnd simple unionism. As a rem-
cdy, tho factious group of affinities
calling thomsolvcs tho Industrial
Workers of tho World wns Infinitely
more reactionary Ihnn tho so-cnllod
crnft unionism which it'sought to dis-
place. In fact, Pougot strikes at tho
vory root of the ovll 'of all such rlvnl
unionism when ho calls It tho "Union
of Affinities," In contrast to the "Union of Interosls." ,"Thero Is In such
union"-," ho snys, "Intellectual cohesion
moral coniunlon, Idontlty of aspiration, but tho material ImBls Inching,
which alono cnn glvo to such groups
a diirnblo vitality." '
Craft unionism hns at least this
firm roundntloii, that it Is based on
tho material Intorest or thono who
aro organized, Any effort, therefore,
to form a rlvnl union moni.B to attack
tho mntorlul Interests of tho orgnn-
Izod. You threaten whatever progross has hon mndo toward shorter
hours and higher wngos, You threaten
to bankrupt tlio funds tlmt hnvo boon
laid by to protect tlio union momberfi
In ■ tlriio of sickness, unemployment or
dentb. By nny form of rival unionism yon fly in the fnco of tho moat
fundamental prlnclplo of Marxian So-
cIiiIIhiu and array against you,In open
warfare tho nintorlal Interest!, of tlie section of tho working class,
oiu.ur. (o Urn po.ic> of imiuuiniit t *'^ ^'>-~' fauci,t.iHt party convention of
wlw-r than whin ho sild: "The trado j unionist!) of this country, Tom Monn lmi 0R<1 «' the delegates, opposing
unions should nover 1k» ftffillft.fd wt.h  rough, tbe co-operation of \ht «l»"l- *h* i**^ itnlors rcM.laUo.-S, declared:
.men. Had the party,-taken that stand,
it is possible that lie and a few other
sentimental visionaries .might have re-;,
mained Socialists A'-'-. But' when.- 'it
comes, to be-the policy-of any, alleged
working class movement to1.fight the
immediate material''interests? of; the
working .class"," or any,.'portion'- of-'the
working class," then that "movement te-
doomed. That, indeed?*is'the rea--
son why the political union of. the r S.
L? P. and the industrial * union of'the
Industrial Workers bf the-* World'were
so soon destroyed? ..--.     -     ' ■ A-"   i
.' This is no* place to* discuss?. the
merits of industrial unionism.", My argument is .wholly/upon- the position'
taken by the Socialist .party■>,in-its
trade union resolutions,' whlc^Ts that
no differences-of opinion justify, divisions in the industrial movement.
Both the Socialist party and'tho trade
unions have separated themselves
from capitalist organizations, but they
cannot, separate themselves from the
working class.,"Those who say,"'We
will have' nothing to do' with organizations that have not been organized on
the clear-cut, class conscious basis,'
will practically take the position or
saying: 'We wll:have nothing to do
with -humanity.' " To Ignore the unions does not commend Itself to experienced m«2 as.a"%lse method'of
procedure.". These are the words of
Tom Mann? But" such wisdom is, not'
shared by the impossibilist. who by
tactics of division and dissension has
done much' to prevent both Socialism
and industrial unionism from being
discussed on their merits.
(To be continued) ■    .. .. .
of today are chiefly duo to tho Idoa
in all tho j «'«»««•'« «u» a lair example ot trio po-|nnd activities   of  Tom Mann.    Uut
Viiiiiu un_[  J-'*^'-1'!  •iiilstii,  ll,x,a  .I..,.*   .lub  u«n.rii:i
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosphonol restores every nerve in the body
  to its proper tension; restores
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make you a new man. Price S3 a box. or two foi
.5. ^Mal!ed to anv address." TheScobull Vrnf
Co., Bt. Catharines, Out. -   '
Por Sale  at   Bleasdell's   Drug   Store
Cigap Store
Wholesale - and Retail.
Barber Shop    •
Baths   ,
Shoe Shine •   :
Billiards and Pool .
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazs.wood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue,
FERNIE, B.C.   / Phone 34
Femie-Fort Steele
■ o
Brewing Co., Ltd.   .
Bottled Goods a Specialty
i'.f       .**        ^   '
General ^Dealers
G o.bds
.-, • .v *.   j, i ** * .
— -and /" ;. * 7,
living Prices
Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes,
Meh's'Furnisnings./ y--
Groceries^ Fruits and
■-  {
"i  '
•Provisions Ac
Bellevue, Alta.
u * _ «
Stephen Tv Humble
Dealer, in ,
Hardware,   Stoves,0  Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
Hillcrest, Alta.
■- -:M
Glean arid Comfortable
... ' ^ • v ' -■"" -* 7*    ' ,*' • *   **"
Tasty Meals     ■    a
Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars
;        -H.J. CUNNINGHAM, Proprietor  K ■< *-\,
\ -..
-'We carry a'full line of     ■".■ \ '
'■'*■,7 .n      -"."' -., *    '       '        *
Bed Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
.  , Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*:      . Ffant;'Alta.
Special Sale of Flatware
Bono-handled Toa or Dinner Knives,- nt $1.25 per half doz,
1835 Wallnco Bros. Tea or Dinner knives,'-?2,00 por half, doz.
Vi.Doz. only Dinner Knives, best plate, • ? 1.75 ,    .
Vi Doz. only Toronto Sllvor Plato Tea Knives, $2,25.  "
-1847 Rogers' Bros. Dinner Knlvos„J2.00,por hnlf,doz.  ,
Rogers' Bost Platod Table Spoons at -15c, each.     ' „
Wm. Rogers and Son Table Spoons $1.75 por half doz.
IS.7. Rogers* UroB. Tnblo Spoons, $2.75 per half don.      „ '-,
1847 Rogers* Bros, Dessert Spoon? $2.50 per l^lt'doz.'
Tea and Dinner Foita, host plate, $1,75 per half doz.     ,   ,
Wm. Rogers' and Son Dinner Forks, $1.50 per half doz.
Wm. Rogers* and Son Al Tea Porks, $1.75 por half doz, .,
And Nothing but tho Best In Fresh
and Smokod Moats, Fresh and
Smokod Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., go to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
££___ Co-Operative, Coleman £?_
"The store that is owned by the people"
or made dependent upon ai political, lm. craft unions.    Speahfni. of tho lit-
Somo ono snld our only hope was In
tho trade union movement. My
.t.fei-i.*, ti -i.i.-t in our only tioi>e, wo
have Bot a diurnal outlook for 8oclr...
Iim. I nm a tnulti unionist for one
purpoBo only, U in my material in.
terost.    .My material Interest cora_*Ii
Hoclflty      If thlB imppens   It | dimtrlnl Workers of lho World dm
lie neated nt tli«i, 8.!_. P. national convention the motion met Willi .-onsld-
oralili- opposition.
ttt-l'-mto nol.! derlfircd   that   "wo
•vlioiild not try lo draw a parallel bft.
t*wn th«> f,irf thnt . h* SorMfot TmiM
..**-*] I .alio r Alliatif-o allows tho H, I., I*, j
rt'pN-HPntntlnyi    In    thotr   rnnrnn'tftn,   ''""''"i- or itnt-irtno
Th.-it 3a no uwtim-ul tli«t wo j.IjoijJ-1 j'" 'he lahor nioconwot for tho rival y\r va ,!)>* the I, *.•* ^V   uiiil J-.iii.wlnn j a *'<*>* ' *>**'* *'« " montfc,
iisvr, Soclallnl Trndft (tnd "Uhnr Alll.'union or the m-tib, ivi»r, thft *lmrlc_iml vr of U<> •irhUti |    Thin wn« th** a.iru!_.M.t U*t4 to |»r-
ante dolrjratesi to Ukj S. h. V. ronv.-n-i Wo havo st-cn how Mar* and Ik'l^l 'l"mt« union*, I do '.ok tiol.t./ trim it 'iuadtt lho Hflfil-.|.t pttrty fo rondomn
t-OJi. The 8. L. P U th« force. Is th* ■ toniiimt. thw H>ll<.le-» upon »bl«*h lho •» Ihf V»Mit way to* \u U cc.,ii-»> .n7< craft nnicnUm. Tlii_r (T^lrrnle «"nde»v-
tfi.»r»y thjit mum *-iM."'!_V<. \Y-t- Kw>_il!tt Tt*h!* ttiA l*hbt AJ.lssw*.' '-..Mrliil -hMMaT-It 1 lw- -.',■.<n iWv. ."vw-i! .fl. thr.r.i- 1'r fiwl.._lst luiitj? l/i
that rntint fti,\ti* th*» .itlMr-r/', p>m| fnr fmimloif, H> know h/>w 1ht> Ho- '• .•■tifntlfm tf> th* arirtmen'i iPr.pmffN.-f .totter oprrtflffMn f(1 the fmvaci!fil-C tUtt-
that tern*on It wan wli*ly t»ul \i\ tU.7l.-lls. tart>- of Aw_<rlc« bin. alio d«-'by t\v;,*t who adopt thl. vi«w, anil l.U-rUl lnt*rt<t« oi tMd,<M   working
this ImpjicnB   It j rtimtrlal WorkcrB of lho World
.am.   \*i-._Ui   iJtti'it,     .-»oi   <i.ih I'vf-mifdi til J'Mw, 'itiin Mhiiii niyiri:
Adkuri nohbl tens wlfto when ho nnld:     "Whether or not tho dcclilon to In-
"Party imlltlcH and rellgloun dlscua- r.oro tho oxftitlnfe union* and to hull-,
along must bo Itnpt out of tho union**," up an entirely new organlza-Mir. i-n
All of which nioanif, "Workers of tho nclcntlflc lino* In tbfi best mclho.l of
world, unlto"—not only Socialist* or pj-tedur-rt for the worker* nf Amu.'lc\ j we to bo a trado unionist If I want to
('nfhollrj. or brlrkTay^rn, htit. nil—'in n mutter for the Amertnr.t rh.-m 'wf. f Mnnr fo 'ho T^pograptitcat
without dliitinctlon an to color, rare, j r.oI\v» to decide.    Hul whilst pn"r»)..' j union, and my sea.« of wages ha* been
T5 r% «r%4-i"*«  *i «(mi M
I  > rT-»T*T>("<fii
Cliililrcn's Blron tiOlWOh SIIOKK, $1.00, $1.50 and $2,00 pair.
A, .11 i      i nnrrr>r\r   rirrrynei   (M f\i\   *-« rt\        i miib  .    »,.
C._t..Ui(..J. a nitons ut-i_*_-u^ i)uU_.ij, y*.s. >., Yi,.wi> .tu.. y__.Os. j/ai..       ,
..;iiii-.rwtt,_. CANVAS SHOES, Ak., ^,,m,\ 7k pair
3Iwi'« CANVAS SUOES, 00c. pair.
A largo Htock of T.ADIKS' SHOES juhI iu, bulton and hiuo, $1.80 to $4
Tho only gonuino SLATER SHOE FOR MF.N, $4.60 and $5.00,
f Ti/ti'T-n TifTx»T' r»TT^)T'",   fa kr% i. i»» nt>
Newest shadei in LADY OLOTH. wide, Hplondid quality, $1 yard; in
navy, tnn, green and black.
White or Blue SERGE, 70o, and OOo, yard.
SATIN CLOTH, every uhnde, 50c. yard.
LUSTRES and CASHMERES, 50o, yard.
CASIIMERETTIiS. 7 ynrd."» OOo.
A great variety of WASH  0001)11  ANI)  TRIMMINGS, from 10c.
., , ,      . Pattern* on Application
■.•*> ^>_ ^"■-,ii
"■*,.'";'3- .   -?.-.
f_V-   *"
.1   ,J :
in  .*;
.*.- I    n'
Th^X^riu^iXi&^^itaM^] Congress
",    • \.      .:•:',:• "•■■•■ ' ■':*■ ■'; >7.-'-n., A, ■''A* '     *    ■.:'*'•'7 A'  '•-''.-       - ...   '.
:  ' ;■•;..  n
Sir   . '
|1     iu   .
I'"       "
■ .oitlemen.—Since. ihe issuance o.
- the. stenographic .'reijort. of the dele--
.gatiou" ■ ton. the .Dominion CabinoSiyri
January'-8th' last; the;-follow! if; rant-
"ters have transpired">w*i !ch _, cdn&id-
*«r of sufficient importance to* our af-
filliated'membersiprto merit placing
"same, in printed forma for their infor-
mption and.consideration. * 7 _ -
i.—Re Legislative .Measures.  Before
-?'" - Parliament y ,      ? y
> At the Executive Council meeting
held at Ottawa, January Gtli, 7th and
8th last, Solicitor O'Donoghue was instructed to draft.three Bills and have
them introduced in the House of Com-
moris by such- representatives as could
be induced to do so. -,    ■?-.-.  '■'",
_ Accordingly,"Bill-*85 to amend .the
Lord's Day Act; 86 to amend the Railway Act--87 to amend the Industrial
Disputes Investigation" Act, 1907, were
introduced by Messrs.   Claude   Mac-
donell and A. Verville, M.P.'s.'on January, 29th. ■ ,   A .-. 1.7 , " -.. '"
On January 26 tli, President* Watters
' arrived in Ottawa, "and in'conjunction
with the Secretary set to work-immediately with thl. law'making powers
in an attempt to Jiave them become
-law. -.' We-.were" not-long on "the job,'
however, till we, plainly foresaw that
if we were to make any progress with
our legislation it was-through inducing the Government to adopt - these
Bills as Ministerial measures.- -
The below communications are self-,
I explanatory, "      .'.'"-.'.''
. "Office of the Secretary-Treasurer,
*" Ottawa,- Ont.,-' February,\lth; ,1912.
"Hon..T. W-Cro'thers, Minister of La-
; - hoi*, Ottawa, Ont. • ■ -,< *.
. "Dear Sif,—Ldesireto direct your attention to the-ifa'ct that, there are, at
•present, before the House of Commons, Bills Nos. 8,', 17, 85, 86, and 8",
,i_tppies herewith enclosed,, which'are in.
the interests' of the organized., (as well
as .the unorganized) ?>vage -worker*, of
this Dominion.^ As the-Trades and
Labor Congress of Canada is the 6f_>.
ial mouthpiece, of organized,labor, for
you p'ace these Bills-before.your 'colleagues-, of _he_ Cabinet. and request
that the Government take charge-of
these, measures w.lth.a view of- placing
them/on'the Statu*te:>Books of-Canacta
during the'present "Session of Parliament. , ,- ■-' ■* ' '. -.?;- ' - ' - '
•„ "Thanking you in advance in anticipation of a compliance with, the request contained In this communication
and bespeaking your support of the
proposition!, y -'* i>' -*."
■ >   , Yours very respectfully, '
'''7-  .y,-   .7p.m.draper,'.
'   ■      , ■        . ' ,,.*!'
"Office, of the Minister of Labor, .Can-
, ada, Ottaw;a,, February 19th, 1912.
. ■ "Dear Mr. Draper,-yi havo your letter of the 17th instant, enclosing copies of Bills 8,'17,-85,-86 and-87, with
'the request that the Government take
charge of them with .the view of. securing their- enactment this Session.
,"I may say I have" already" directed
the'attention of my colleagues to tnese
Bills. ,. They would. I have no doubt,
provoke 'very lengthy discussions in
the House, and therefore ."materially
prolong the Session, which from the
start it was desired should be made as
short as possible. •'       " v   ■
-*■■- "I hope that, during the Jrecess - we
may. be able to consider many impor'-"
tant matters and be in'a better posi-,
tion, to deal with-them next Ses.ion.
We have been in Office so short a
time aiid have been so" busy during
that time with matters more immediately .pressing;,Tthat we really have
not had time'to consider many important subjects worthy, of the .most serious "consideration.
"Again; many of these Bills would
not/ be Immediately, applicable, and
some of • them, I,may say frankly, I
think .would not be in "the public interest.' -However that may be, there
are very many other Bills of much
importance " whose ,• promoters'' have
been refused any preference, and all
Bills should be.treated alike. Therefore,'these will "just have" to take
their chances with, the others. '
'. "I should, be glad if:I.,- could meet
your views in this matter, and regret
that. I„ am unable . to do so.-1. *
'~y"7 "^^Yours"fafthfully,~~"~~   "
'-."     >A'   ' T. W.CROTHERS.
P. M.' Draper, Esq.,, Secretary, Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada.".
'•■'■   ■ ■  ' ■ . .-   '7 ,7      A '.. ;3
2—Re Statements iri Public Press as
to Extension of Industrial Disputes
;, Investigation Act, ,1907,.to Cover ail
• Branches'of Industry.. -    !"_._ -
"Office   of   the  Secretary-Treasurer,
-" 112, Florence St., Ottawa, April 3rd,
1912.7      .      '-■,.'  7 ■-. y .     -•
"Hon. T..W. Crothers,." Minister,  of
Labor,' Ottawa,* Ont.   . -r
- "Dear Sir,—I am in receipt.of'several communications from,labor organi-
ti'ous in''Canada-asking if the report
appearing, in Public"Press to the,effect that the "Department of Labor is
considering the advisability,of extending the' operations of the Lemieux Act
to cover all industries is correct." -
"With-?a'*'view of having a .report
from yourself, as Minister of. Labor,
to these inquiries, I shall be obliged if
you will' be kind enough to let me
know whether any such proposition is
being considered by you, or your Department, at the present time.
"Thanking you in advance in anticipation of' a compliance with' the request, contained; in  this  communication.      , - ,      '  A      . • 7
7Yours.very respectfully,"   .*   K   *
' '    "■"   ',.     '*   P. M. DRAPER.
"•■_■'     Secretary-Treasurer.
"Office of the Minister of Labor,- Can-
'   ada, Ottawa,, ApriMth, 1912.   *
-"Dear Mr. Draper,—I beg leave to
acknowledge receipt of .your communication of the 3rd instant, and in reply
to"* say that" I have been and am giving careful consideration to the many
Vexed questions'arising out of the relations of Capital^ and" Labor, which
are engaging much of the best thought
In alt'cIvTlized countries.
"Among.the many questions so arising is'the one'.to which "you refer. ,1
have been strongly urged to haye the
Act so amended as to "extend to many
industries not 'now affected by' it ex
oept by-the consent of both parties.
This, with* other important questions,
will receive consideration in
the. light of the most reliable information and opinion* at my disposal when
the mater.comes up for final deter-
mination at the-next session of.parlia-
what I may advise later. I am-anxious to hear all that may be said pro
and con before reaching a final (ion-
elusion, and your intelligence-.and, experience will fit, you',to give valuable
information-"and' advice in'tbis as''in
many other1 matters in .which - both
Capital and Labor" are vitally interested.    ?       ',   7   '.       ,
," "Yours faithfully;     ' .Jl*
0     '.- ' ' T. W. CROTHERS.
P. M. Draper, Esq.,'Secretary-Treasurer, The Trades and Labor Congress
-'of Canada."1,     -' , ,
3—Re The Eaton Lockout,and Strike
.at Toronto
"Ottawa, Canada, April 2? 1912.
"James Ramsay. McDonald, Leader of
' the'British Labor Party, House of
.Commons,. London, W.C.
"Trouble  at Eaton's Departmental
Store",."Toronto.     .Twelve   hundred
cloakmakers and garment workers'out.
Please watch emigration,;      <
1 '   A     Secretary Trades Congress,
'   ''"" , .  Canada."    -
The above cablegram and the.under-
mentioned communications are the official actions of.the Congress on the
Eaton controversy:
"Ottawa, Ont., April 2nd,' 1912.
"Mr. W. D.'Scott, "Superintendent-of
"  Immigration, Ottawa, Ont. -
Dear, Sir,—Enclosed please find letter , and copy containing advertisement of T. Eaton"Co., Limited,.Toronto, advertising for operatives in England while a strikers in progress in
their establishment.   u
"May I ask whataction, if any, your
Department has .taken, or proposes to
take, in connection with this matter?
"A \ reply at your' earliest convenience shall be' much appreciated by
me, on behalf oli the Trades* and Labor Congress of Canada. .   •
Very respectfully yours,"-
,'    .   *. '   ,      P. M? DRAPER,
.' '' ;   " • '   Secretary-Treasurer,."
-*   r. ^.
' ' ' ' ii ' , ■ ?
"Office.of the Superintendent*of Immigration, Ottawa, April 10th',. 1912.
"Sir,—I beg to acknowledge receipt
of your letter of the 2nd Instant, which,
owing to tb! holiday and rush of other
.work has-remained-unanswered until
now. *.'(*'"
"Some-three'weeks ^ago, I received
one of the Eaton's Old Country advertisements similar,-to the one you-enclosed, and I ser.1- a cable to our London, England, Office, on the^l6th ultimo, calling attention to this advertisement and instructing our agents there
tn see that immigrants beforo sailing
are'.advised-that there Is garment
worlvers', strike on at Eaton's "of Tor-
ent ground under the Immigration Act'
to' debar his. or "her entry,, but our'
port'agents have'been instructed to
apply the' regulations carefully in the
case of persons going to' points' where*
there is anylabbr trouble in existence,
and I have no doubt that'the matter is
beiiig. looked after carefully.       . '* '   ;
'-. -. Your, obedient servant,     *" ,
? - .*,   ; W. W. SCOTT, ,    "
' y Superintendent of
,-   , 7 '.-.  ,    . _ v.    Immigration. "
*"P. M,. Draper, Esq. Secretary, The
;;Trades and Labor Congress of Canada"?  " -" ', . -*-   -
- i       , ■■ l
. '4-^—Re Organization Work
- Prcslednt Watters is now la the
Maritime Province where he will make
a thorough study of labor conditions
for four months'.time. It- is* the In-
tertion of the Executive Council, funds
pprml.ting, to haye - the organizers
cover the Provinces'of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba
an Ontario for about * six or eight
weeks' time during the months of
July nnd August next. By this method the delegates assembled at tho
Guelph Convention will have verbal
as well as written reports from their
own representatives, covering the entire Dominion.    ,
5-Re Abolition of the Senate / <
The defeat of Bill "E" providing for
the payment of wages fortnightly to
all employees of railroad corporations
by tlie Senate last Session'is another
evldchceof the bitter hostility-of the
"Old Curiosity Shop" torall labor, re-
fern, and progressive measures. Not
one Y.orkingma'n has been appointed
to it since Confederation. - The ' nnc
is uoy. opportune for* all .labor aud
prp.icssive bodies to unite in pressing foi its abolition.
Yours fattnfuliy, ^
\ -   P. M.'.DRAPER ■ y
Secretarv-Treasurcr, Trades
7  '   and Labor* Congress of Cauad.i
ment.     In the meantime no absolute
conclusion will be-reached.
"I glad to have the advantage of your best judgment on" this
important question, without, of course,
giving any promise."or pledge as to
The Quain Electric Co., Ltd;
Electrical  Engineers    ,     ,
■:.     -Electrical Supplies & Fixtures \
& Vaciim
Electric _„
Telephone and
Power Line
Head Office
Cranbrook, B.C.
Fernie & Medicine Hat
onto. c.;l' think that this will have the
effect .of at least placing the-correct
information before immigrants, but as
you are.doubtless aware, the fact that
a person is, coming to Canada as a
strike-breaker is not in- itself sufflcl-
LONDON,* May 9.—Referring to the
industrial unrest, in- Great- Britain,
which may shortly be "the subject of a
government Inquiry, Premier Asquith,
in a speech before the Bankers' Association recently said, that notwith,
standing the country's prosperity the the .industrial sky ought to
warn the'm against complaisant optimism. - "" -, - *'
. . The railway and coal ^strikes, he
said,'ivereespecially,significant phen-
oment, which made it the duty of .the
government;-and of business men and
bankers alike to look beneath the surface and study 4he economic, fabrics
piecemeal.   T-AAA. -    . '	
suggesting, as far as they , are * able,
by wise and fruitful experiments.".
Concurrently this same topic was
discussed in the house of commons
on a' motion by Eliot Crawshay Williams, Liberal-* member ■ for Leicester,
calling on the government to institute
a thorough investigation of the cause
of the present unrest and the possible
Keir Hardie, the Labor "leader, proposed an amendment -In favor of the
minimum'wage, the right to work, and
the nationalization of the railways,
mines and other monopolies. He said
the Labor members of Parliament
would object to a commisison of inquiry if one were appointed. No members of labor organizations would testify beforo any ,such' commission.1   '"
"There is, no solution'of the social
unrest,"' said Mr. Keir Hardle, "but
Socialism. The workers are becoming increasingly Socialistic ■ and consequently increasingly restless."
David Lloyd George, the chancellor
of the exchequer, replied that the present' problem arose from a quite
wholesome cause, namely the desire of
workers to .improve 'their conditions.
The wealth of the world, he said, had
greatly increased' In the past century
TTTJrBut.".asaid'Mr. Asquith, "the(prob-
lem-.ot industrial-unrest has been for
some time, given' close aud careful
consideration' by. the government. I
invites the banker.} of the United King
dom lo contribute ;to its solution .by
Ehare In the profits. That, said. Mi;.
Lloyd George came pretty near syndicalism, and anyway it carried them
very far, perhaps farther ,than Lord
Robert Cecil realized. '    . ■
, The immediaito cause of the .unrest"
said the chancellor of the, exchequer, -
wore, first, the, wages; secondly, that
the conditions of lifo were unworthy,,
of the dignity' of the workers' manhood;  and thirdly, that the workers
were not treated*as if they were pos-,
sessed of minds and„ souls of their
•Mr. Lloyd, George admitted that
(here was a good deal to be said in
favor of the "nationalization of railroads, but this would not ...end- the
strikes of the-railway' men. -' He was ,
impressed, he said, by the- suspicious
attitude of the workmon towards the
influence of the'state by''interfering.
The workmen objected to compulsory
arbitration by the state, but-sucli' a-
course was inevitable if,the nationalization principle,were adopted.,,        * "
Nationalization, :said t Mr. Lloyd
George, ought to be considered as. a,-;
business proposition remembering tbat
in fixing the.scale of wages'and the
interest on capital invested that, it was
the_community, that had to pay lt in*
and the workers felt that they were
not getting their fair'share of the increase.       , -r
Lord Robert, Cecil, had suggested,
said Mr. Lloyd George, that the reme-
the. long-run. The cabinet, said the
chancellor, was conducting an inquiry
into the" whole problem. It had not
been decided as yet whether more
searching investigation was necessary.-
dy lay in giving tbe workers, a. fair  The debate was thereupon adjourned.
-"         "        .       ,     N               -                               '   .       '.
To the Homebuilder
To the Rent payer
To the Investor
*                                '                         !  '
To the Public
He that
is lost
The last ocean terminal of the C. N. R. and
the Canadian Northern Railway
You can buy; make
money by buying
choice property at a
reasonable price in
any growing city
Buy now a few lots
and get them, before you're too late.
The City of Great Opportunities
T.nt.Q arp qpIIi'tip' from ,T*3ft   to 5R4.5
MM mm DM* H|i
But how much
greater is the
in buying at
Port Alberni
City of certainties
Port Alberni
offers excellent
Now is your chance
The Union Land Company, Limited,
Buv before vou
•* «_>
pay someone
else a profit for
his foresight
V V.-v*
y***. , ~»-_     ^ y
ni\''  ' ^^""V" ■
-•7-4/ -V
Published every Saturday morning at its off ico,
7 Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C.   Subscription.$1.00
per year in advance.   An excellent advertising
Giedium.   Largest circulation in the District. , Ad-
.-. rertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive.special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
'"'." A ' H. P..NERWICH, Editor. ,
; .Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No. 380
*   npITE three words, "Krzuz Case won," flashed
*■   across the continent are more .pregnant with
meaning than the ordinary   individual    realizes.
, They stand out in letters large and hold, symbolizing the great force and tlie dominant power possessed by the working class,when tliey work co.op-
cratively. These words deserve to be printed and
■placed in every local where union, men foregather.
Although this has been a question regarding which
■ every publicity has been given throughout^ the industrial press, nevertheless we deem it opportune
' to make a slight review of the circumstances touch-
-   ing upon the subject under discussion.-  To better
, illustrate we would call attention to conditions that
prevailed several years. ago in the legislative as-
sembly at a time "when, the two factions of the old
: party were so evenly divided that it was necessary
in order to hold office that they "should give some
sops to the working class through tlieir representatives who are working for the interest of the only
' useful class ih society. Amongst those bills was
one known as the Workman's Compensation Act,
in which it was specifically stated that in thc event,
of a mine worker receiving fatal injury whilst in
the ordinary.-pursuit of his work, his'widow,'or
heirs, or dependants, should receive the sum of
0 $1500. For many years subsequent to the enactment of this law the sum stated was paid.' * But it
was left for one "William Roderick Ross, the faith-
. fill henchman of corporate interest, to prove his
merits, to. show cause for the retaining fee, and that
he'was-a laborer*worthy of his hire, to have the
interpretation made ,so that any"'dependent who
__ should-not be within the province of British Col-
',*   umbia when death ensued, should be deprived of
^ the benefits of the aforesaid indemnity. -   Speaking
.The consumption of coalon the Titanic, was'50
tons an hour, or 1200 tons in 24 hours.-and with
the high prices charged at the time she left England, consequent upon the then existing coal strike,
there results an item of proportions that materially
lessens the profits, and this is gall and':wormwood
to those who live by dividends alone. - "Again, not
only does the handling'of this additional coal entail
more expense-but the space it takes up* is no inconsiderate item.       ,..   ,   '•*,•'-'
Twenty-four hours more at sea likewise means
three additional-means must be Served, and the cost
of furnishing 6000 meals is not a pleasant contemplation for the "scientific management" gentry.
,Of ,course, the terrible loss sustained?far outweighs any economy that would have been effected ~
still it is the order of the day in all walks of life
to take chances '.with human' lives, as the stake,
rather than have dividends jeopardised. ■,
• The loss" of the Titanic, like many other calamities, is another charge-against Capitalism^ and"instead of mentally wallowng-around trying to • fix
the blame, let us use every effort to put an'end
to a regime of which the Titanic and kindred disasters' are merely the logical.outcome.
Here and There
.Tom Williama has been appointed
Inspector of-Mines to succeed" Robert
Str'achan.*'    y    .'■ -      .      '.' "■,■,   .-'
A., Hv Cree and *;family .leave 'the
first" take up residence at" "Victoria?, „.,   • ".  -      7,   , .- ''
T. Biggs has;ieft for Cumberland ~B.
C, where be has ohtalried, a job as
fire boss in one of the mines,"" '•
-    il
, The*'me_nbersr of the' "kical lodge of
K. P.V-paid a'visit to Hosmer on
Thursday night, to participate in the
conferring of degrees.'  ,
^"candidljAwe~canhot~biame William Roderick-Ross
for his action, as he, like any other'wage-earner" or
receiver of salary, or stipend recipient, was representing to'the best of his ability the class by which
he was paid.      "    ' "*■•.».
. On an appeal from judgment byh Judge Wilson
in our favor, it was heard before three judges in
..Vancouver, when two of them upheld the opinion
that in order to receive the benefits the dependant
or dependants must be residents of B. C. at the
lime of the accident. This decision was received
with both surprise and consternation throughout
the industrial world and steps were taken for the
purpose of fighting it out before the Privy Council,
of Great Britain, and at the convention of the
Trade and Labor Congress held last year in Calgary, a resolution was unanimously passed that
each and every member of organied labor throughout the Dominion of Canada should be assessed ten
cents per capita for the specific purpose of supplementing tho funds to contest this ruling. Wo cannot help repeating the three words "Krzuz disc
Won," ns it demonstrates most forcibly thnt when
union men work collectively thoy can. accomplish
results which arc totally out oi' tho question for the
"individualistieal horo" of tho Kliot type.
The nbovo information will be indeed gratifyng
• to many a poor wdow who has long been expecting
tho receipt of this pittance. Furthermore, not
alono does this final decision effect mine workers
in B. C, but compensation hnfrboen held up in the
adjoining Province of Alborla whero the eompon-aa-,
tion is +1800, ponding this decision.
Tliis battle hns boon fought by organized lnbor
but in tho forefront credit mlist bo given principally
to the liiinowor'l.oi'H, both conl and n.otnl, ns the
United Mino Workers of Amorica, District .18, nnd
tlio Western .'Monition of Minors, District G. hnve
stood shoulder lo shoulder sinno its int.option, but
whon I hoy woro iomponirily repulsed, nrgnuiztid
labor of every phi ft sloppod manfully in llio brenHi
nnd thus wn .-un j.ii.l.n our slogiin:
CITIZENS of Fernie-were somewhat surprised
to learn last week that according to an amendment-in the act appertaining to salaries no city
or town having a population less than 20,000 can
give the mayor any salary. Whilst this is perfectly correct as matters now stand,, we are lead to
believe that the wrong will soon be righted.* It appears that on the petition of our large cities Jn
B. C. an" amendment.1 was ,made to the effect that,
mayors of cities of over 20,000 may receive a salary
of $4,000 per annum.,., Previous to that the maximum was $2,000. , In their haste to dissolve par.
lament last February, the government passed the
bill, forgetting at the same time that the salary
clause in the previous act had been rescinded, and
thereforenno, provision was made for the salary of
mayors of. towns under 20,000. We now understand that this has been pointed- out to the Attorney-General,'who immediately- saw the-error, and
promised to remedy this at the next session, which
is January, 1913. He also promised that the ne>v
law would be retrospective. "This means that
whilst, say, Fernie's mayor will'not receive another
cheque irom the city for. his services for the rest"
of the'year,he will be entitled to his eight'months'
pay in full in January next, after the act becomes
law., ThisAvill, no doubt, ease the mind of many
of.-our citizens who have at* least one eye'on-"the
mayoralty:   ,.'-.-      ;    ' *'• "A1 .'-
A  MONTH hns now triumph'.!', since this niaiii-
., ninth of Ihe oconn fouiidnro'l nnd tlip iuvfH-
tigiition is still in pro^iTss,
Great .stress has, beon laid upon "the liu-k of el'fi-
nip-ipy of \hc ft'fvr " " lifo «'' fnc'W.
..<>«," "upood V-l.'klnsunoee " nml «o fnvlli. bill linn
difliiHtor, like Hip majority of (liwis.prN bolh on bind
"'nrt.]t «pi», cont'lusivply domoiiBtratos to nil but those
luqi.t^lly blind, Hint it is Uio profit system and that
alone tirton which Hip burden of Hip hlnmp should
bo pliujert.
.   No /more irrefutable •■vidpnei. of the truth of
\\\\tt rt...iert.nn enn bn nilviuieed Ihnn tho fiu't Hint
**over,y eompnny bus decided that tho rout us travel's-
Afld n.,.iH bo lit lenst two degrees morn southerly (120
.  ixniloft' )tl»m prevailing prior to Hie accident,
' dflfl' in Niime iiislimcen V("w«k* Iwive f/rtnc wo  f.i.' Jo
j th^soutli Hint two days and even throe days moro
tl*_.n Winn,  hnve been  .-oii'-iumed  in mnkiiig tin*
- <k An an .lhislrnliim ftf what .his nioiuik in the c\-
ppri<i/» -V-li.m.i for wnttitv*. n "lifMp trtvoiltttnt'mrt
'".flnlyjn n«.ce8srtrj".
'  »:','-
Miss Sutherland deaconess' of Presbyterian Church, who has been engaged; in work for a year and a half ip
Prince Rupert, has'arrived and begun
work ih Fernie. "*" .,'   .'
It did not, tnko n prophet to foretell tho fniluro of
Ilie** Minimum Wngo Mi ih Great Britain. Uh vory
j.n.iko-up foreshadowed , disaster, and uhen such
I men as T.opd^l. Aldwyvj avp plnepil ns- r'hfiinne.i. of
Hn*: various iliHtHct boards, what ohu could bu ox«
ppeted, Whnt do such men know of cu-il mini-'
and coal miners? IJ..VO they over tried lo exist on
4h. lid, a dny? If thoy tried il for a while tliey
.n.»»...*,bp belter equipped to decide- Hie ;iei-r"!<, nf n
follow human being, ■
W. H. Rowe, ex-president, Fernie
Local, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiner's,' dropped off for a
few' hours on Friday on his way to
Calgary, looking up old acquaintances?
Mr. J. Joseph Martin, a prominent
member of the Nova Scotia bar, and
until recently of the law"firm-of Gunn
and Martin, Sydney,'N.S.,,is now associated with A.- MacNeil, Barrister, of
Fernie. , -    '
'T^HREE bank'clerks, all just at the age of res-N
"**** ponsible manhood, will soon, be commencing
prison sentences that will-taint 'their lives-for oyer.
But a few months ago'they were*respectable members of society with all the prestige that a.member
of a great financial institution*should possess. They
were,in demand at social functions'and were: -s-
pected to dress well and uphold.the dignity of the
bank they worked for. - ^'
In these days of great dividends and greater
amalgamations such a minor,thing as a larger salary
for those who wero transferred to the "higher cost
of living" west was, not, thought of. Probably
local managers—mindful of their' own meagre stipends—had recommended that juniors out here at
the, coast get some substantial increase; but if they
had, tho chances are it had never rea'ched the proper authorities or been considered by them. Some
secretary pigeonholed it.     ''
Fifty dollars a,month was the magnificent salary
that one of tho accused clerks,-wbo lind been some
time in tbo bank and had proved his ability by being rapidly transferred-to a higher position—but
not hgher salary—wns getting. Temptations camo
his way ovory day, for he handled tens of thousands of dollars in negotiable coin just as the .gro-
cer's clerk, probably getting twice tho wage,
weighed out sugar for his customers.
Is tho young man to blamo for his fall or tho institution that put him whero ho could givo wny to
temptation? Would it not be better it' organized
bnriks spent a littlo less monoy on valuable corner
proporty, on varnish nnd marble, and on big dividends, nnd pnid the youth,, or the mnn in the teller's cage, or tho ledger koopor such n wngo Hint he
would not succumb when temptation whispered that
thero wns a chunco tho defalcation could not bo discovered ?
IjoI, tho bank supply tlio dork'with a decent, liv-
ing wage nnd less forgeries nnd robberies will be
heard of within, "Without bunks nro always considered faro game by gontlomon of ecu-lain prcdn-
lory instincts. Is not this nionaco enough without
fostoriii.-; peculations from inside?
Tlm present rate of salnry in Ommdinn banks
makes one pause nnd wonder whether nftor nil they
are not really first-class iWtorios for the milking
of .'riniiiiiilK out of othorwiso decent and polite
members of society,--Viincouvcr World.
■ ''
V iml"p nf 'hpTrr...pd Sinter, enneellod lln r-.l._.<.._
ship of a niiliiraliyed subject of lluil country otl Hi,,
grounds thnt ho wns a Socialist and consequently
had perjured himsoll! whon ho subscribed to tho
Tons! it nt inn nf Hie United Stnte«. TI>i-5 '« •-, v^vr
method of pprsootutipn and no doubt is n nicans lo
an ond.     Whoso ond. »
The city will start to build a road to
the Park next week.- The arrangement with the government is tliat the
city will build as far as „Coal Creek
and the government - ife to build the
bridge and the road from there.
<i      L •
Fernie will be at Ifome'to Hosmer
to-day and will be represented by the
following: ' . 7 y'7 ~-:y *..,'•
-' Cooper, goal; : Mills "and Shields,
backs; WMte_aw_?Manning*-_ Barr; hal-,
ves; Bain, Thomson," Watson,". Thornton,- Hartwell, forwards." " ~      ''"■-.
Kick-off at 6.30 p.m7 7-7 A , .
.. As this is the first-League fixture
at- home Fernie should;. try?:andj:'re-
coyer their position on* the League*
table. Very near time they got off
the fence or oufof the hole!A' Buck
up, boys, and let us seesdme football.
>   rt , * - *\   , '  *
- The Orpheum -, v- - „
'■-•"* *_ '. .- ••>
A bumper attendance witnessed the
re-opening,of the Orpheum,(late Fer-"*
nie Oper,a House) as amoving picture
theatre. Early in the evening,, the
City Band paraded the main street and
halted in front of the theatre,, where
a few more selections were rendered.
Coupon's were issued which entitled
the holder to a guess as to the number
present at the, opening. ■ Prizes of
four, three, two'and one months pass,
were given to tho lucky winners. The
pictures were good, and the orchestra
gave, some.,excellent and "appropriate
selections.' Four changes of program
will be given each week. ■
- On Friday and Saturday will be seen
"The .Aerial Anarchists," a great sen-
'sational subject showing the • bombardment of St. Paul's Cathedral from
an aeroplane,, "The Immigrant's .Violin," "A Lucky Holdup,"' and "Carol-no." A grand band "concert is given
every' Thursday night.
"; The following will" represent? Coal
Creek at'Bellevue to-day .(Saturday)':
Banns, goal;,* McFagan1 and McLet-
chie, backs; Yates^" McFegan and Par-
nell,. halves; Oakley, Hesketh, Johnson, Paterson and:E. Gomm, forwards.
Reserve: S. "Weaver.
'Rev. C. Hannan, Coal Creek, Rev. J.
Roberts and - Mr. I Brownrigg, left
Hosmer,; Monday, morning to attend
Methodist Conference in Victoria," B.
C. Mr. Brownrigg was elected delegate for this district at district meeting at Cranbrook.     ,    • 'j •    .-   ;.
Pat" MeNamara- was given' six
months for being drunk and disorderly'at Elko; Robert Lyer two months
for vagrancy; Goodwille and McDon-
_ald__three^mbnths,_each forujveing.
drunk and "disorderly at Wardner. A
, Judge Thomp'sbn.'passed sentence of
twenty years upon Amadeo Pisano, of
Michel, for: grievous,bodily injury inflicted upon Louis Aquino. The quarrel arose over a game ot cards.   ~~
The 24th of May promises to be a
gala day ln Elko. ' The management
claim that it will be the biggest program of attractions ever offered in
South-EaBt Kotenay, and it is expected
that Elko will bo the only- spot on the
map on'that day.' 'some of the prizes'
offered ought to bring, out some keen
competition. Special arrangements
havo been made for railroad transportation all along the lino.
-A meting of the Fernio Board of
Trade was hold on Monday last, \V.
G. Barclay In the chair, whon tlia
following'woro elected officers for the
ensuing yoar: Presldont, R. Roadlng;
Viqo-rosldont, A. Ti. Trltes; Secretary-
Treasure^ 'J. F. Macdon'nld; Executive: Messrs Sloan, Ingram, Thompson, Skinner, Snddaby, Mulrhoad, McNeil, Liplmrdt arid ItudnU..i, The
quoHtlon of the opening of tlio Po.t
Offlco lobby for box-holders on Sunday was introduced, but It was deel I-
od to tako no action In tho mattorfor
tho prosont. The question of Sliorlff,
Assossor and full Government Agency
for Fernio wns likewise discussed.
Fornlo Stonm Laundry has changed linndB.' Messrs Craig and Tiers
succeeding Mr, Maulthorp. Tho pro-
Hont proprlotora nro well ncquulntod
with this lino of business and promlso
to glvo tlio Pass public tho best of
tlielr oxperlonco. Thoy Intend to Instill now machinery will turn
out hotter work and nt tho anrno tlmo
save the linon from damage. Thoy
nro uIho Insuring customers' linon,
nnd ln ovory wny nro studying tholr
At tliu Holy Finally Oliurcli, Sunday,
May I7lh, Ilov. l_r, Wonnolly,' O.M.I.,
loi'don. Hue. win Tirenr*h both nt tho
morning nnd evening services
Tir Donnelly, who Is oho of tlio
groatoBt orators of tho day, and runlca
with tho famous Fnthor Vniighnn, Ir
touring Cannda nnd tho tlnltod Stntos
preaching ami b-oturliig In tho prln-
( CmliolU- ..liurch.>R, jinrMeiiliuly
whero his brother mlsulonnry Oblatos
iitio hUilloiK-il. All through tha West
lio hns lectured on tlm ntnnil tho Ca-
tbollo Church taV..**_i on Socialism, He
will lecture on thl*. milijec-t on Monday
evening, Mny*20.h in tlio Grand Theatre, at S..'lo sharp. Tho nmrtll nil mis-
silou i»f _._-<,. ...» i„, churned to defray
ex.xmi'og.    All me cordially rvMcnmo.
,' "War on the Plains".has attracted
large.-audiences . on Wednesday and
Thursday,*7 and everyone was well satisfied with what- they .saw. The features seen at this house are being appreciated, and this, together with the
excellent music' should bring good
results to the management. The programme for to-night (Friday) and tomorrow, will consist of seven pictures
entitled,. "When Hubby-went to College," *"*."Touring Vienna"' (scenic),
"Views of the Hot Springs, Arkansas,".
"The Godfather," "The' Locket,'.' and
"On the Stroke of Three."   ,-
Provincial    Election *  Campaign    Expenses — Fernie Riding   .
RECEIPTS -      -,   _-  ,
Donations..? $492.60   .-'
Sundry* collections 50.65:
Postage arid' Express. $ 17' 60
Printing, etc    E2.80
Travelling exp. ...... 158;'75
Hii'll Rents  7_.Q6.00;
Scrutineers' Exb  ....   87.10
Sundries    76.95
Cash In hand
The members „of the Presbyterian
Choir are putting on. a farce entitled
"The Singing School" at the Grand
Theatre on Tuesday evening next,
May 21st. This Is n most laughable
comedy from start to finish, and Includes quite rt number of take-offs o»
woll known peoplo of the town. Tho
cast consists of 19 : people and tho
chorus is wel^balancod. The prices
of admission aro mado as low as posslblo bo that everyono may ombrnco
the opportunity of enjoying a good,
clban, bright and humorous entertainment. Tho choir also guarantees that
anyono attonding will bo able to sing
llko a bird after leaving tho theatre.
Tho curtain rises at 8.30 sharp.-
John Macdonaid, ono of Fornlo'B
pioneers, and ono who was highly ro-
Bpoctod by oil who know, him, dropped
duid'of heart failure at the C. P, It.
station on Sunday morning. Mr, Mac
(lonald onnio to Fernio whon tho
Crows Nest lino ,was undor construction, ond haB llvod In or noar Fornlo
ovor slnco, IIo was woll known In
tlio saw mill buBlnosB, nnd for tho
Inst fow yoars has boon, horo In connection with tlio Elle Lumbor Co. Mri
Mncilonnld wub a natlvo of Pembroke,
Tho doconsod wna nn Odd Follow,
and tho local lodi.o look clmrgo of llio
romnlnB and shipped thorn oaat on
Tuosday evoning lo TombroUo, Ont,
To    Canadian-American    romantio
ilrci-mi   "Tbo  WliHo     On«n-n. •>    ...i,irt,
*        i       • •-•• •-
Mnnnncr Pimento will prnnont nt the
Grand on Friday, May 17th, Ib d«s-
oribod ob romantic and picturesque'.
It Is tho first visit ot tho intennnly
IntoroBlIng nnd humnn production' In
Femtt*» nnd the wclrnmn ncrnrrlci. thn
plooo In other oil Ioh bespeak.) a crowded hoiiBO for Friday night. Some
scenes and situations nro Riild to ro-
mind ono of llfo In lower Canada, ovor
a rontury ago, whllo nomo of t,bo char-
actors' aro quaint and un«ophlBllcntO(t.
It In n cUmti, clear, wlmlRcniono drama
and MIbb Delia Clark, In tho title roto
ori thc child of nnturo, Imparts
charm, earnest nods and fooling to tho
part. Tho compnny is well baJanc-
od and BottlorR, Indlnnu, trnppcn.,
nnd fur tradorB help to coiiBtlluto a
vlvlil nnd romantic life story, whoro
Hym.mtby and writ .mont nre nbtiml-
nntly ovldent.
f-lie Ladv Sits intf Siws
Get a Water Motor. Washer
arid Be Happy
The little house with the big show   ,
.  * The place you'll eventually go      .
■ - -      -     - - .-•   ■ -   . -,      * * . ,   ,
Friday & Saturday Prdgpam
When Hubby Went
'.- ''/to' College y-x;::,
'"-'■',     ' »     .    7''      -.      ? .' - r
• *        ,.'.,?. -A - -   .. -'"• ..y ■  "-7: -:,"' '-',""
His Royal Highriess
-\   . :'y -y     S' [:; • ",»A.:''.AVr--
• t>.
Views of HotSpriiigs;
7    The Godfather XX. X
The Locket
'7.1 ' 7 a
On the Stroke of Three
Our Three piece orchestra is the best
organization in the city    /
Our orchestra plays all the latest hits
Free to Lady Patrons-Beautiful Silver Spoon
For two coupons, issued Tugs., Thurs., & Sat. Matinoo
See our "Special /Sunday" Program
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
r—rr-7     •■ -, - - - - , -,,-,- ^a_r.r.-ia_=___; i^^-~™--^spi====
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
yrtH**fy/fif*i\*    f?rt J">rtn***** rr ri    V J+f*/**** 14-* %
Engraving  '
High class selection of
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
• " 4
Try The Ledger For Job Work
t   ' '   ',    , y '       , , " " ■," '        , * *     ' \ , , ■ '.; - ■*  .     '
•v       3
."*■      ■>.
Pr, _ -1-
It *
r.t ■•
Themlnes; were'idle" up ;here Monday "and Tuesday, owing .to shortage
of cars.' , ',••- -"-. .-,.'.- '.--.? , -, . -
, Wm.. Simpson'occupied the pulpit
last Sunday at the * Presbyterian
Church./1; ^e'will occupy.'the pulpit'
at" the Methodist'Church on Sunday,
May 19th, during the absence of Mr
Hainan. K,*' . ■* A' ' , 7'
.The stork paid a visit up here on
Sunday and left a son to'Mr and Mrs
Parkes, of Riverside Avenue.- Mother' and, son doing well. *'
; Air. Samuel Phillips and Miss Lottie
Gray were* the guests of Mr "and Mrs.
George Crabb on Sunday. ,       ■
Mr D. Beck and a few friends were
celebrating the former's birthday on
Sunday. Mutzine was the beverage.
The friends report having had a great
'* time. A A.' -   ,   ■•      •
.'Mrs, .Lynch left here oh- Saturday
for a visit to the coast. .   y   •
Mrs. Edward G__o_n._ and. family
have arrived-from Bellevue to'talie up
their residence amongst us.. Her hus-'
band is a" member of thc Coal Creek
■Football Club. ■ ;    ' 7 '.  ?
' J. T7 Puckey has left the mineB and
■is now "handling the ribbons of the
Fernie Co-Operative team. :  '
-. Mark'Hugall, the agent for Carro-
sella's, is wearing the smile that won't
-' come off these days. , Business must
lie good as evidenced by'
team up here this week..,,
,   The Coal* Creek. Club Library -reopened on Sunday night.'   There was
quite a rash on the new books."
-' The "club Is looking very well iii its
- new clothes/the, artistic manner in
which it is done.speaks volumes for
the contractor, Frank Versak. '    -
The residents at? the, top" ot Coal
Creek are wondering "when the company, will-finish the sidewalk started
last summer.
The gardens,up here are beginning
, to show fruits of earnest labors. Coal
Creek the garden city of the west.
-' Tom .Smith' has left here foi' fields
, and'pastures new."   »   ...-'•'
' yAn- old-timer Aby, the name *of J.
Howl.son has'arrived back in camp.
• „ John Brown, formerly the tipple en-
l-Lffllw>**r__i^no_D-A«ttJ_4«_.XT^ a_«.i_ j_ _-__
fitting. ..--;.■  re/jmm
-Mrs. Cecil Mlnton and Miss Lottie
Gray were visitors up here on Wednesday. The latter? had. a rather unpleasant experience "-with a-retriever
dog, which snapped at her while walk-
ing up the road. We understand that
apart from' a .slight "nervous shock, the"
young lady suffered-no injury.
. The football club' are having lots of
practice thiB week, and it-Is to be
hoped that the practice will be helpful to them on Saturday against Belle-
vue., Down they've got to go! So
says th© professor:'  (Indeed!) .
'■♦■ '♦
♦ " ByX. Y. 2. +.
♦ 'V«.
. The mines are wot king pretty good
ul present. Somo now 'wooden '.nr>_
havo nrrtved hero. They aro about
six inches lower than-tho other, wood-'
on ones and will ho used iii No. 3
Mine. This will mako tho loading
onslor whero tho roof is low.
On Saturday last ■ Michel football-
team wero visitors at Hosmor,' and
woro fortunato In making a win for
tliemsolvoB. This is showing Nosmor
a thing or,two. Now, Hosmor, don't
get blowing about Michel's dirty piny.
Michel arrived homo Into on Saturday, all pretty soro aftor tlio match,
thanks to tlio Iiosmor team, who piny. , Clean gamo!  Oh,
On Saturday, May 18th tlio Coloman
Pootbnll Mini will bo visitors hero
and wo look forwnrd lo seeing a Rood
match. All who aro not working will
ho allowed to hoc .tho match.
Tlio Juniors oro getting busy now,
having lotB of practice, nnd wo havo
ovory reason to think thoy will glvo
a good account of thomsolvos, Tho
draw tnkos plnco on lho snmo dnto as
tho Ibduo of this pnpor, when arrange-
monts will bo mndo as to fixtures! nnd
ho forth. ' Tho Juniors nro looking for.
wni'd to It with ltoon Intorost. Hat-
urdny Is pny day, nnd'It In tholr Intention to try to raise a fow dollars
In subscriptions towards their footlinll
club. Wo hopo, al! who aro ablo.
will do tholr host for them and holp
the sport. (Oood for you, kids; If you
got to Fornlo you shnll hnvo thn limn
of your life!).
A fi.tiM._Mf! mutch was played horo
on Sunday nftcrnoon between Old
Michel and Now Michel. About luilf
an hour linforo tho match rommeno
od tlio players wero busy marking tho
..taunt, lor Uio rtiiimond nnd taking
moaiurcmcnts. n was quit*, nn In-
foresting sight to soo thorn dodging
around wl.,h the tnpo measure, (lucss
fomobody linn lion buiiy reading up tho
rules. Sny, Chnrllo. don't, forgot your
hi.« hnolt for the n^st match! We've
got no .rick about tho umpire this
wee?., on. wc wish somebody v.-_.ul.l
lind a good umpire- for them as thoy
hnd at loast half tlio team to umpire
last Sunday. Somo fresh sacks -row
tilled prt.tty good. One. player In
P*..**!. ..hi. ft >..__. its
trnm npiettlnz hlmyilt ' awr}.
Now, I hen. Hill throw thnt ball
•Look"out.for the rtance^on? Monday
evening, May'20th";,"in.,' Mutz' * Hall?
Dance to'commence,- at .,9 o'closk.
There will'be a, prizerof five dollars
for the best'. Waltz.-'' - .Almond's' five-
piece orchestra will be in attendance."
RolL up?" We "can assure you of an' enjoyable evening,    'y- ,. v ' *;
"Michel Anglers'-smoking concert in
Martin's Hall, New Michel,- on Monday, 20th,'commencing at 7.30 p.m.
■ The" saw mill at,New Michel has
shut down and the,-men have been
shipped to the -saw mill at Finch.
A few cases of typhoid are reported here, bne^of the'worst cases,, being that of .Tommy Phillips. He*" has
had a change for bettor and is recovering. His wlfo is, however, very 111
•with the same complaint, and at present her condition Is rather critical.
•The Union Relief Store has been
closed. Relief slips ai;e now, being
Issued for the various stores In .town.
-' Mr. Robert Strachan was, here on
Monday-visiting tlie mines,; accom-'
panied by, Mr. Thomas H.'"Williams of
Corbln. ..'-Mr., "Williams has been ap-.
pointed, to succeed him in this district.
Mr., J: A. Murray, accountant, left
hero on Monday, morning, west-bound,
accompanied by-his wife and family.
Ho'.has'quit, the coal company's service and is striking out for. fresh
scenes around Vancouver way.' ■  ,
.Quite a lot of people tave left' Michel lately- bn account of , riot being
able to' get work. A rumor is afloat
that No. 8 Mine will bo-opened in a
short time, but this is not' yet officially announced.
Names of fire wardens appointed
for this district' are: W. Forsyth, ,G.
Spencer and L. Rothal. •; 7
- The captain of fernie Junior Football Team has been around here pretty
often lately. He has paid several
visits'to the football ground during
practice time. There must be something, in the wind.7 Guess he wants
to see how the land lies.
An accident happened? her-e'-last
week-end to a Slavonian named Alec
Ferfon, a miner in No.-3 East Mine.
Whilst engaged jigging a' car his legs
became entangled and one of tnein
were., broken. , He was conveyed at.
once'to the hospital and we,may say
the„leg is going on fine.,-'" .'."'", 7,   t
=_rA*nn'Hi<sr_?_npnii1_DTi+ _i*> _-_ia.
same mine on the. 11-o'clock shift
last'Friday night, ioth'inst.- Whilst
engaged In lifting a car on the track
a miner named John Cockram hatT'the
first joint o5 his-left thumb taken off.
He hurried to the hospital and the
end of the thumb wai- fixed on again
by Dr. Weldon. The thumb, is now
hefillnp.-up fine. „'   ',     -'"
By "Concertina.Joe."
A church service of the Latter Day
Saints was held in thp parlor of thb
UnloH .Hotel, Sunday evoning, a numbor of young people attending.
Mr. Macklei managing director of
the coal company, from Montreal, Is
In town.this week"on business. Wo
are pleased to see him looking as,
chirpy ns ever.
Geo. Brown and Billy Taylor havo
taken, over tho pool room and bowling
alloy, and aro doing flno business.
Tho Indies are taking a keon Interest
in It during tho fntornoon. Wo hope
more of .tho fair box will follow suit
and cut their old way of "bowling out.'
Tho mlnos worked 20 dnys last
month, full tlmo, and tho management
nro using ovory onorgy tocomploto
their new plant and dovoloping tho
Mike Forby had a birthday party
Inst wook and ovorybody had a good
Tho man that was hiring srnbs during the strlko for tho W. C. C. nt
Cnlgaiy and Lothbridgo, Is In town.
Wo vi.rdor If ho in Htlll nt tho Bamo
Job, or was his service not required as
ho mndo a fnlluro at his trndo,
Certain Individual!) aro rushing a
now kind of a can called "pork can"
on Saturday now,
Tho HIlloroHt Co-oporatlvo Socloty
oxpoct to opon up on Thursday under
tlio managomont of Mr. V. Long, from
Vornon, 11, C.
.Received last weok too Into for
t f
A very Bad case of dosortlon line
h«*p« mil.*., tn thi» ntontlnn nt the Pf.!-
gary Ansoclatod ChnrltlflB nnd which
htm to do with ft young married wo<
nm;, who hn» boon until recently liv-
lng In Hutlo, Mont. Hard times camo
nnd tho husband could got. no work,
Day after day h« tramped tin. n.r*wrtrt
to find nomo nionns of supporting hln
wlfo and throe children. Two month**
ago he loft Butto nnd novor returned.
Tho bravo llttlo womnn wnltod for
him until circurnBtnnco* were such
that she had to do something. Ills
twotacr ant! fathtr v..-r_- .'.In.. In Calgary mo sho camo hero, but on nrirlv-
Iut. uiu. .miii'l tlio fall).* to bo in poor
health nnd Impovcrl. bed.
8h« is y<tt anxloiir. Jo work and will
not tako ntutlafonco from the Aaroclatr
pi! Chnrltlfts, iinlesa IthocomcB a po«-
liltf wumhy.    So l«i smart-am! *n-
♦"*'-'" '-.-,- * _; "'" -"♦
♦ .LETHBRIDGE  . - ?        -*
♦ ■ : 'a -■ )y."t+
>♦,♦ ♦♦'•♦,♦ ♦♦♦♦♦•>
; There is still no improvement hi the
work at the mines this month so far,.
although it-is fully .expected-that in
the course of a .week or two.they will
be running practically, full'time. r
.'' Tuesday thirty-two mining.students
of the McGill University,", Montreal,
visited the. No. 6 mine, going, out at
8.30 with the workmen's train. They
went through most of the workings
under the charge of J. C. Livingstone,
who pointed out all the difreren't systems of working and machinery.' One
item they * all seemed interested in
most particularly was the'holing or
cutting machine, visiting several plac-'
es. to find one at work. •■ After viewing all the different engine rooms on
top they "left again for the city at 2
p.m., well * pleased ,with .the .educational, instructive and; insight they
got of the modern and most up-to-date
min_ng.'machineryo on ;"' the 'American
continent- ° "    - 7
, On Wednesday the' funeral of our
late ■ brother, Mike Rosbuski, too*k
from the R? C, church at 10 o'clock,
headed bjAthe City Band, and in procession was' the three different societies-in' conection with the church,
namely? the St. Peter and Paul, the St
Michael,. and. John "the Baptist, - of
which he was1? a member. The vari?
ous societies were in full regalia.
He was one'bf the old-timers of the
city, and- one of the" pioneer miners of
the west, having rcome to Lethbridge
in. the year 1887, twenty-five years'
ago. He leaves a grown up family,
for which much • sympathy is felt in
their sad bereavement.- ' '
;Friday,'24th being Victoria Day," is
a Dominion holiday, as well as a holiday recognized in our agreement.
The members of Local 574 have decided, to have sports .on that' day for the
children, and a social and dance in the
evening for the grown ups. There
has'been a'strong committee appointed to make all arrangements to give
the youngsters a' good time.'
♦ ♦ ♦^ «--»•+-•»*.*
♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Mr. Peter Ratcllffe, of,Bellevue, quit
work at tho mine* on.Friday last and
has gone up to Fernie to reside with
his parents, and* will work at the Coal
Creek mines. His old friends wish
him every success back ln his old
. We regret that through a . typographical error the name of Maddison
appeared In the Ledger about a fortnight ago In connection with tho break
lng of the Bellevue Hardware Store
window. -
Hillcrest and Bellevue played - a
friendly match at Hillcrest last week,
and Bellovuo won. But Hillcrest
ployed the return at Bolloyue and
•showed good^fqrm, and won, the Bellevue boys not being up to their usual
form, or else the greon arid whlto
would have held their roputati'on as
Tho Bellovuo bnBcball toam vlBlted
Hillcrest on Sunday last and tho home
team won by n to 3. You will have
to play up Bollovuo or olso you will
ho behind.
Mr. Robort Cummins, of Bollovuo,
has  gono for a fortnight's   holiday1-'
to Indian Head, and will stay with his
frlonds down thoro,,,
Two cows of Mrs. J. B. Ruad, of
Maplo Loaf, got astray last week and
only ono of thorn Imb boon found..
A special mooting of tho Boliovuo
Local, U. M. W. of A„ was called for
Sunday night, hut there wore not enough mombora prosont to- conduct
buslnoss. so anothor mass mooting waH
cnllod for Moildny afternoon at 2
o'clock, whon a good crowd tjlllod tho
Socialist Hnll Tho bualnois was In
connection with tho mining proposition and tho mon dotermlnod not to
mlno tho coal unions thoy had oxtra
pay for it, nnd bo docldod to' stay
out until a Bottlomont could bo dodd.
od on, nnd aro out at tho tlmo of go-
Ing to proHH,
Tho Hiibjoct for liiHt Sundny nlght'fl
sorvlco nt tho Church was "An Individual lift." Tho Pastor was tho proa,
' Te following letter of protest, drawn
up at a mass meeting of the citizens
of Frank with regard to a letter"Vpub-
Hshed in the Calgary Herald, has been
received by us for publication:
'    . j Frank, Alta.
, Gentlemen,—With regard to the article in the Calgary Herald of May
7th, re position of affairs in the village
of Frank, we cannot undertsand why
a citizen of Frank should write such
untrue and - misleading' statements.
The fact of the matter is that there
have ben only two merchants to leave
this town, one ..of them a jeweller, who
previous to the" commissioners' report
had his business for sale; the other
a man in the grocery business left
because, having onIyfl started business
here one month before the report on
the mountain was'published, ho was
afraid to risk giving, credit.
Wo realize the fact that we have
got to^move/but when we,do it will
be to our new,, townsite to' tho west
of the present one/an'd as Frank has
been the central business town of the
Pass-there is no doubt that on its
new. site it will be bigger and better
than ever. -'._,-
;,We are enclosing you a copy of the
resolution passed at a mass meeting- of
the citizens' of Frank held in the
' school hall last evening.
..   ■ Yours, very.vtruly,.
'    W. J. McGOWAN,
•v  ' Chairman of the Village Council.
RESOLVED that^this mass meeting of-the ratepayers of the' village
'.of.Frank regret _o notice the incorrect and, misleading article  which
appeared in the Calgary Herald of
the 7th Inst? with, regard to the
postiioi_> bf affairs in the village of
Frank.' The following is a copy, of
■  the report of the delegates appointed tb meet the Hon, A. L. Sifton:
y   "Your ndelegates' having  had   a
•meeting .with* the Hon. Mr. Sifton
at Calgary, Wednesday, May 1st, at
3 o'clock,   at "which v meeting -the
whole situation'was .fully- discussed.
Mr.. Sifton has requested .that further
information be .provided in regard
to ownership pf buildings, etc., and
, ,'also.the probable* cost   of, moving
same to new site. r'This'informatlon
-*-"*1 "■ o
Every,-'. ,\   ■
Meals that taste like
(mother,used to cook
Best in the Pass
William  Evans,  Proprietor
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
J Wholesale Dealers in        ? *  ...
Wines, Liquors and
„ Phone' S3, Frank, Alta.      „ '    _
-is^ now "being prepared and Twill be
sent to Mr., Sifton, who will then
bring this matter.before, his" government.
"Your delegates desire to place on
■ record'their 'appreciation   of   the
kindly reception accorded, them by
.Mr, Sifton. -;".,.',
'" r       (Signed)
„ A. N. MOUAT,
,   L. E, WOODS.    .
"In view of tho above It is hereby
resolved that a copy of this rc_iola»
tion b© forwarded to the Calgary
Herald,  The  Calgary, News  Telegram, tho Lethbridge Herald, the
Lethbridge'News, and   the   Fernie
Ledger, with the request that same
be printed In their .next' Issue.
■ Father. Donnelly is to dolivor a lee-
turo ln Fornlo on Monday night. As
it is qulto posslblo that discussion nnd
questions will not bo permitted wo
would refer tho following fow polntfl
to him, and will bo glad to hear him
reply, on, Mondny night. Wo would,
however, bo ghul U ho were to pormll,
questions to be put to iilrri orally thnt
Tho Council' of Ephosua  In  tlio
4th century specifically decreed tl.'at
"No man hath tlio' right of burial
who  possessed  lnnd   ns  proporty,
Binco tho Lord hath glvon tho oarth
unto all to bo .mod for brond nnd
food for nil.    Truly doth Solomon
finy: "Tho product of tlio onrlh Ib
for all, ub evon tlio rulora doth llvo
of tho onrtli."—MnrkB of tho Truo
Church, p, 47.
Tlio reference to Solomon Ib found
In Ecc. r>; fl. of our IllbloB, nnd romls—
"Moroovor tho profit  (McCnbo HnyB
product) of tlio onrtli in for nil: tlio
king hlmBolf Ib nerved by tho flold."
Cardinal HohkIuh, proBldont or tlio
Council of Tronl, In 1I.1B, Bnld:
"Tho knlfo of persecution could
not cut off tho Wahknees for ages
for thoy hold tlmt, no man FhonM
bo   innHtor   of   nnother—no   mnn
Hliould  labor for -mother, but for
hlmBolf—no mnn Hliould own lnnd
or boII goods   for   profit.     AND
TlTTc-p fcn-Tv-ric  «•!-«»■>■•-  ~. , _.
 - '•»   >> i*fi*t   muiim
tn tup, ..ot,y cvrnonr
cinmeir  pou  hix  miNnimn
Council, p. 10S.
Arrorrtlnrr tn  rot-rUnnl  tT»r.  1.. .    r,     .
for  thn UtltiKK
Liquor Co.
*  -i 1
' ^..Wholesale Dealers in
1-, •
v Wines
■     ■)
Mail piders receive
*• prompt attention
The Hotel
One of the
C. .1. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta,
. A1
I   V
SEALED TENDERS addronsed to
tlio undorslgnod nnd endorsed "Ten-
dor for Interior Fittings, Poat Offlco,
Customs nnd Inland Revenue at Cranbrook, II. C," will i-bo received until
■t.00 p.m., on Thursday, May 30, 1912.
for tho work mentioned.,
Tondei-B will not bo conaldnrod un-
less mndo upon forum furnlsliod by
Department, nnd In nccordnnco with
(-"ontlltloiiH contnlnod thoroln.
Plans nnd Bpoolflcallons to bo hcoh
on iippllnitlon to Mr, W. M.
lirnn, Clerk of WorkH, Cmnbrook, ll.C,
Mr. W. Hnndomon, UoHlilout Architect, Victoria, n! C„ and at tlm D<i-
pnrtmont of Public Works, Ottnwn.
Kncli tender inuat bv act-oiup;
by nn newpted cheque on n chartered
bunk, pnyahlo to tho order of tint lion-
ournhlo tlio Mlnlnlnr of Public Works,
f'nunl to ton por ront (10 p.p.) or Hip
nmount of tho tondor.
Hy order, , ]
...   V..   L/t*..L.sJiL.t ,L.i,L.>,
f( t ri'-bv;'
Dr.partmont or Public Works., OUnwn.!
■May 8, 1012. i
Hardware ncurniture
We have the largest nnd most up-to-date j
Hardware and Furniture Stoclk ;
,   in the Pass.    Everything in      '.'"'■   .
Stoves and Ranges    '
Granite & Enamelware
Carpets and Rugs ^
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow.s NestrPass Hardware Co., Limited"
Phone 7      FRAN K,  Alta.     r 0. Box 90
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
■-'"'.■ Importers of
"'A -   and Dealers in '.       *.
Domestic  Groceries
k     • > l    $ -       ' ■_
Agents fop Steamship Companies. New Michel, B.C.
Dealer In
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes
Men's Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits,Flour  &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods   at   Lowest   Prices
Let us know your wants.
All Orders  Receive Our  Careful
Sla. ter   Shoes
We hnvtyiiMt. opened our hn^o spring shipment of of these fiunons shoes und lmve the
host range of Jj.-4.."0, %bt nnd i|Mi shoes ever
shown-in Hosmer. See Ilie new styles displayed this week in smith window.
A.   MIIXS   St   SON
Applications will bo roo.-lwil by tlio \
LONDON, Mny 11—To T.nTirtnn j.n*p-
t»rs pul.llHh tlio Btntfimflnt mndo l>y tho
Liverpool Journal of Commorco thnt
J. Oruco Iimny Intends to provide nn
endowment fund for ponalons for dis-
nltlM'BPflTTIf tl  nf fill  i[>linonn
wUl. tlio Whllo Star lino, and for tholr' wn» »  {.orlnllitt
widows, ns a thanks offcrlnt. and a j ordained nro ronl roTOloUonwy B>
memorlnJ to tho Tltnnlc crow.    Tho ■ clullHm.     Xq«\ thoro   In   ono thing I unilorHlimod up till twelve noon on ,'
fund will probably ..mount to -.loO.OOO, i nb«.lu_oj> tnif^-Ood Ih not now with ! 'rimriiday. May 23rd, \wz. tar ili«> po»l-
| tho prle*m who tiro fl«»HIn« what 11* j «'■*»» of City KiiRlnecr of Fornlo; duties !
| once onlalnod, or clso Ood has rhftni.-' "» f''80 consist of tho suporlnt<-nili>nff
  ,«'d IHspolwy.    If Ho Is tho unino (io.I ^f «alf'r works iiliint.     Appllrui.t* tu ,
EDMONTON, May IS.—Members nf' who ordnlnod tlifsn, Roftlnllst prlnrlr>-' »>'•»•** oKiwrUnro, nuallflmi'mn    mil
the Edmonton pollen department will' »<•* ilai for bIk hundrod jtours |n ■ *■ -l -vy < xi-^etc-d.
bo Invited t6 Join (lho ranks of orfisnlx- \ tho Cfttliolle- Cliureb. then Ho Is with i \v a lUIK'L \\
«*«nabor.    Thc (uhjitct c&mo up at a '.the Poriali.-t. tods)   wbo leach
mctlnft of lho trades end lnbor eonnHl' *.tnw prlix IpU-s onr<> tnoght In thc CV.-
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the working-man's trade
G. A, CLAIR .•-.• Proprietor
R.  M.   Dennltton,  K.  C,  Appointed
Canadian Northern Representative
W.VVMW.   \'   ;   <:     }f    «f    r>  . . .
City Cb-iV
when rroBldent J. D. Llscom said bo   .hollo Chnrdi,
had l)e«n Infotmed that polleo officers i    f" «!D. Ulldehrnnt of Home sot up
.crwtc atul ViuuU LIU to i»a u .*»-.UU.i_ [ _-*•_. .*.. only **».> per month nrrt h«  »*onll«ei. «^ Lnhewnt H|«|top but "mil
as a ho-3-wl(e*i*r on a ranch, as she jd«l»red that ft man could not ll»« <f<v to blm: Thou nor thv ministers nor
.a r-rruitomrd to ranch llfo. een»?y on that, smntmt in ftiraoutou.     «l'y silnn shall t:i)-n usury  im imt.-
Fernle, It. tt, Slay T6th, 1012.
;.*■( land, nor raiiae ai.> i.iaii in !,_•
thy •Ini-e.—nawllna' History of t!.»
I'.jj-i**, \ol i? p, 4t.
..mi. JCC,  has Un .'ippobti.-il  b)   Uio
' Cnnniltnii Korttiern Itailwrty si*, r. jn<--j
1.i-ntntlve of the company on tho arbl-
i..t',tim bw*<»ril \o t.«>nl« ih** (Unpn'c v.lib
**.e r.<T-. f.-if- ih*. rir.niT.-; u'.
V«»th**rn frifn*    fn»A    C,ip•.,»•»    trfffi '
AtMrUau  ir«:H*  in  \i\hte t>t Canad-1
Kiii't     A T. Murm-y l-i the ftpjwtu'«'- \
ot tbo men.
f, Ar-hlMM i/il:c. Ii.tcby r.J.'.f.   M
whom fi nmy rono-rn, tlmt from this
M'r.u-  j  uiiall not  he n-fponolble for
M.t< (.ontrartcd by rny wlfo.
trtlKnH) a LUKK.
"", ll. v., Mi_> inth .tit.;..
SMhkh Giwe
1 STOPS C0UaK?3 TTlf^l .- *.>:*.*r*£-"■,v
-,.,.-.,-_! m\ ,,
*• **■ ^,
Afrs. _?. Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and Cold Water
1    Electric Lighted    ,
Steam Heated.
•    .    'Phone in every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
,-, DENTIST *■
'_ " , v ' '"*"
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
?'Hours. 8.30 to 1; 2'to 5.
"   Residence: 21. Victoria Avenue.
Barristers & Solicitors", Notaries, &c.
Offices: Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C. v
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
■ the month and to Theatrical parties.- Try our ■
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
F. C.
Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
The. ■■ji^ktjkg^pl^s^^Xi
L.    H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
The  finest   of  Wines,   Liquors
and Cigars served by competent,
and obliging wine clerks.
Cigar Store
■».  J_________________________________________________»_
Is Now Opened
Clean, Cosy and very-
Just the place after the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong
Proprietor.    '
Bar'supplied with   tho best Wines,
1; Liquors and Cigars
*     * ii
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay Ism.
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found In such s display of
We have the best money
cnn buy of Beef, Pork, Mut-
ton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Egos, Fish, "Impera.or Hams
and Bacon" Lurd, Sausages,
Welners snd Sauer Kraut,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 66
A. McDougall, Mgr,'
Manufacturers of>and. Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
R 0 Y A L
Bar Unexcelled,
All White Help
Up-to-date '
Call* in and
see us once
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Hvory ponton Ukos to bo comfortable. Wo havo tho latest
design of sloam" heating Apparatus In ovory room. Our menu
Is tho host. Wo satisfaction. Two blocks from C,
P. It. Dopot. Old and now faces
New Michel, B, C.
IB.    W.    WJDDOWSON, Amu-ycr nm.
C.-omlut, Wox 0 J IOB, li. U
Cliartr.»:—Oolil, Hllver, ..em) or C<.pp«r,
fl f-aoli. flold-HUvor, or Hllv«r-f.«-nil.
• 1.1.0, Prlco* for other motnli: Conl,
oomont, Kiroolay aimlyio* on npnllcii-,
tlon. Thn 1nrw«"t nxway offlco
In nrltlih Columbia.
Members of the Victoria Heal
Estate Exchange
Write tu for information about
homw nvrl fnvwtm*.nts fn vfotorin
*!> P. 0, Box 000
Gov, Fort and Quadra Bstrects,
-. .. -■.--. ■ *"- -
One ofteii sees the term, "the work-,
ing classes," used by capitalist speakers* and in'the' capitalist press.    „.-■_-.>•>-
There are no working classes.
There is a Working CLASS.
..Why* is there a Working Class?  .* *
"There is a Working .Class '.because
there is a'Class which doesn't work?
for the most "part, with   which   the
Working Class is compared, -, „,,,;
, Why does not this class work? ... *
Because they have lio, need of working, .because they are in a position to
make the other class work for them. *
They are in the position "5f owners
of the means of production, the means
of life. '.■*•',
This gives them the power'of fore-,
ing those who DO NOT own the means
of production to beg the owners for
tho opportunity to produce, and to get
the opportunity when it suits the owners to' let them have it.
It suits the owners to 'employ those
who do not* own when, they can receive profit from their labor. * '*
The Class line- can only" be clearly
drawn between those who own and
those who do not. It can only "be-
drawn on property lines.
It can not be drawn on organic
lines, for all members of the human
species are organically the same. °*
It cannot, be drawn on lines of color or. rape, as we have Anglo-Saxon
capitalists, Chinese captalsts'' and negro captalsts; we have Anglo-Saxon
workers) German workers, .Chinese
workers and, negro workers. '*
There-are captalsts of all* races, and
workers of all races.
The Class line cannot even (though
we use "the temn "the working class"
popularly) be drawn between the idle
class' and .the working- class, because
there are'a number" of the capitalist
class who take part in industry and
there, are*'alyaws a number of the non-
owning class who are forced to "be idle
because the jobs will not go round.
Truly? there are a number of those
whom ..we may term petty capitalists,
in' society, little business man and the
like those whom-Kautsky speaks of as
''unclassifiable'"' hybrids, .'belonging
wholly to neither class, and partly to
both," those whose lives.are a continual worry; who ,are despairingly but
fruitlessly* striving "to maintain their
position", "hanging on by the- hair of
their eyebrows," but as they,, are
bound shook'off'into the working
nl'1_c_e_A_'i____f_r_r_____7f_,r_ ar tT_____v_QV_a___a _n____ar"_i __riM_
Vjimi_u*-iJviv> w'tUiiOj^-L**%*j—i** v»—i*    xx\*£*M._i.m-
ble factor.* "    "?-
Having endeavored briefly to make
the matter clear, ,*I shall now on use
'the terms "working class'-' and "capitalist class," or "ruling class" for reasons of brevity and popular usage.
The owning class has always been
the ruling class, the dispossessed class
has always been the slave class.
The owning class   Is , the   master
class now.
7 Our-class is the slave class now.
Owing to  the  improvmont In-the
P. Zorratti - Prop.
tools and * method' of' production,. the
fashions, in mastership-' and * slavery
have changed from time to time, but
though the'FASHIONS have changed
the THING'has always remained'the
same. _,.- -. . 7 . v ' ■". *' -/ ..-'
* -.Mastership consists'of the POWER
to make and keep others in .slavery.
,~ Slavery ris the-oouditiOii of being
forced by <any means, ^ to .work-'-for
others.   '       7 ■      " .y - ■*- '■
'. ?'The first' class of slaves were forced
to? work by means of "armed. guards.
They, were chattel slaves, who "could
be bought and sold just the same as
horses and cattle are now. •       ,7   ,
Sometimes thoy revolted (read "The
Ancient * Lowly," by Osborne? Ward),
but were always put down in the end.
When this systom of slavery passed
out of date, but of fashion, the* slaves
wero forced to work for .their-feudal
lords because these lords owned the
land; this was a modified form of ancient slavery';   sometimes the slaves
revolted under THIS system, but were
always put. down in the end, armed
force being used by the masters when
necessary as' it is now.   (Read "Six
Centuries of Work' and Wages," and
"The Economic-Interpretation of History," by Thorold Rogers, and "The Industrial History- of England',',' by De
Gibbons'.)-'      '° " -  ,   '
But, of course, we are free men now
under capitalist regime,"especially we
wlio live, under the sway of the glorious British Vampire; we are^ not
bought and" sold at','the block; they
cannot treat ■ us' to • a whipping now.
(How. about the savage sentences- of
Magistrate Shaw, in Vancouver, of ten
and "fifteen years, and - twenty, - and
thirty lashes, awarded to wage slaves
driven by unemployment to"robbery at
the" point of the'pistol. - Did you ever
see a*.flogging and hear the screams?
The,writer has.) °   . A'
- Of course, all that our masters can
do ,now is to - force us ' to - work by
"economic- pressure," • that is, -tliey
have'the' goods and we have not.'   ,
So down we go into the mines and
dig coal, iron, silver, lead, copper,*etc;'
we go to the forests'and cut' logs;'we
slave in the saw mills and turn ".the
logs into^, plank's, boards and scantlings; ,we work the land; we work"'"on
the sea as. seamen and fishermen; we
build the-houses; we cook the food;-
we take care "of the houses; we make
the' bedst of-pur„lords; "we" wait on
.ham "Iintii.   ar\ir\' fnnt    ;
on hand and foot".y Ay,- ,7A>"A". ■'-•
He?'has but to'safy' the.'-word and a
motor car,", working
class, driven'by. a member" of the' work-"
ing1 class,'is at his disposal 'instantly.
Every place he1 goesj's built by the
working class',' every.'vehicle he' rides
in'- is driven -by* the (worki__g class,
every pleasure he enjoys Is prpvided.
by the working.,class. 'A „  A*?. .'
"' He is- driven home" Jn.the evening
'to dinner (probably filled with" champagne, also produced-by>the,working
class), he sits'down', to-a'mahogany
dining table covered with" snowy linen,
sparkling cut glass and-silver, choice
food and flowersj 'all produced ."from
source to, table,-by„.the .working class.
A chair, produced by the working
class, is pushed under him, when he
gets into .position, by a member of the
working class, he ■ Is waited on- by a
member,-of the working class, the table
is cleared, when'lie has finished his
meal by a member of the   working
class.   " , A
Eventually, ho retires to rest, to a
luxurious apartment to a bed made by
a slave-girl—a member of the working
class,- ' A"'      ,.,"'*? "
Can you deny this? You know
you can't., • v
Briefly, the capitalist class-is
c' that is waited upon hand
foot   , -     ,   „   , ,    .','   '
' The" Working - Qlass  waits  on  the
Capitalist Class hand and foot.
' -The function of the Capitalist Class
is to receive presents?
The function of the Working-Class
is to- give presents.*'   •     '•',■■    y
.The, Capitalist   Class" .have    their'
stocking hung up all the time.." -
■ That good, kind* Santa Claus, the
how- they liye'is/that^they'^don'tyal-^
th"ougn?-it is7re"ally rather"'wonderful
that they "should" be able to; struggle oh long on'sobare a subsistence.?-.
' From 14'to 30 the girl or .woman can
generally manage to live very cheaply
■ >' --     " ■ .,     -,'-.:■* v"_.".    '
so;far as her rent ana*food are cou-
ceriied.; She shares* lodging and meals
with,,her7 family, ■? arid,? atlhougb she
contributes .to,, the family ..exchequer
possibly, more than the actual cost of
her accommodation, she is'really pay-,
ing less,than*she" would if>she lived-
alone? y The home may be over-crowd-
ed.'and'decency may be affronted, if
the fathers wages are, not7sufficient
to provide a good home, but the.'glrl
marries early to escape from "squalor,
and brings up eight or nine? children
out of the fourteen born to,her/ She
works in between to'supplement'her
husband's .wages .when he is Irregularly employed, "and", tries" to- keep her
clamoring family on 10s..a week when
he Is entirely out of work. A general
rise of one, or. two shUHngs a week
in women's wages all over the" country would make a vast difference in
the health, and consequently lu the
prosperity,, of our'nation.
Let' us take a" typical capitalist one
who spends''all"his- life" in .pleasure,
one who does'nothing introduction.
• He'gets up in'the morning (or afternoon probably),-after his breakfast has
been brought to;him in-bedi he has'
his bath _,which 'has *" been filled by
his valet';;.very likely-his valet help3
to wipo'him after he has had his bath.
.His clothes, from hoots, have
been already laid out by the-valet, who
assists to put-, them on..,
Ho goes to his club and is waited
Working Class, is filling that stocking"
all the time.-- - .,-.- ."
- • At times-the stocking gets too full,-
hence "the, unemployed problem,"
which will never be solved' while capitalism.lasts, but will,.on the contrary,
become intensified. 7'      -   -.   ?
Enough 'said: the only hope of the
working class is -to turn class pro-
v.erty into collect've property, by seizing what Stands in tbe way—the powers'of government -and using , them
on'-its'only behalf .as long as necessary,, and then discarding them. . ■•
' The immediate, future, does not look
especially, bright for the working
class. It -..ill grow darker still*until
the workers rise manfully'to.tho tash
of removing thc curse of capital from
the-.mean's of production, thus clearing tl_e--way for-a'-bettcr,- a more decent civilization. -The , problem - of-
productioii-'is the solution of the problem of'how to so handle the means of
production' and dispose of the product as^to-best conserve the interests
of .an-A* y      AA'- ;:'    ?'A-
An- understanding of* the .principles
and, program of the Socialist Party of
Canada?will point out the-solution.;
.„■   ' * v—Western Clarion.
. -* ■  to       "' - ?  ■'        -  -  ■*
_( i*.      i. ( i ■ •— - i
LONDON, May 13.-rThe . recently
enacted minimum wage act for coal
miners already has broken down and
the country has been' threatened by
another crisis in. the' coal "trade. ,"
As before? South" Wales" is the storm
centre of the,colliery laborers that are
objecting to', the decision' (of Lord St.
Aldwyn, chairman of the; local wages
board,,which, gives less than five shillings'", which the mehexpe.cted to
obtain under the new Act." y .
. At the conference today-at Cardiff
of the -South Wales .-Miners' 'Federation, it was,decided not to participate
further ,in the work of "the district
wages-board? - A general conference
has been'called .to meet" in London
next week.  , "      - .-    ,'-'
■  C.r BAstanton,' Socialist'leader, who
took sucli a prominent part in'the recent strike, again' heads the revolt and
indications  point' either  to .the «x- ^
tremists causing a stampede in'favor,
of a repudiation of the minimum." wage
act or of a definite split in the ranks;,
of • the "National - Miners' • - Federation,
Stanton threatens to bringout all the
transport'workers in support of'the'
miners if it comes to a strike.      ,,' A-
"-•    -  *      ■'    -   *      ' ■■ A "  -■' "'  "
. v i -—■yn—; .  .
-A woman-Socialist'was elected city -
treasurer at-Watts, Cal. -,   r;
The sex of Alexandra <Kaslo\vska,
a .twenty-one-year-old girl, who masqueraded as'-.a man for ,two" years,
working,in the mines noaj Erie';;Pa,
/was only discovered .recently whenshp
was injured by a slklo'of'earth' and
rock in the mine where she was working as a laborer. ''   '*,       *   ■ ".
.lumber for all,
here; at' any time .- and j in * any
quanity." *,You, cannot;swamp .
us with a" large order, ;or-give .
Men and Women's Pay
Inquiry Into Average Earnings-
Efficiency Minimum—Duty
of the State
~*~~us so sma_r~a one ?thatV we war
,,-'-not* atten'd.'to'lt.".  -.    ?   7,  v
*' 7 JOISTS, SHINGLES, Etc.   ,    .,
'., for any Wn4''of building .you
' ,i mayx _>e at1- work' upon.' Have
- us  send, you  what  you ' want
" when you want it. -.   •        •?
Mcpherson ave., opp. g. n. depot, fernie   -
.LONDON, May'14.—Wages are paid
nrlmprily for the purponr. of nialiitaSii-
in., the efficiency of tlio workor. In
the same way as u horse Is fed and
stabled and harnossed, or 'a machine
Ib lubricated and driven, lho wage-
earner must he lodged and fed and
clothed. Tho horso, as the properly
ot Its master, ls fed ovon'.when Its
services are not rcqulrod, or when
through illness lt Is unablo to work,
therefore, whon calculating tho-wagos
she needs, tho womnn worker must
add to the baro coBt of living an oxtra
sum for Insuranco ngalnst sickness
nnd unemployment.
Hotel Michel
«     Michel, B.C.
Lighted wllh Tungsten Lamps
Ostennoor' Mattresses
Clean Linen
Purs Fond
Rates ,.. $2.50 per day
W, L. FOISY   -   Manner
As a human bolng with a brain requiring mental aB woll as physical
stimulant, lt Is essential" that the
workor should „ have monoy for ro>
creative purponcH, and tho employer
who profits hy hor Intelligence Bhould
pay tho coHt of Its maintenance, In
addition to all this thoro aro tho wn.f-
es of ability to ho paid—that Is, somo
portion of tho oxtra profit galnod hy
lho employer If and whon tho workor
Is exceptionally oxpodlous and clover
In hor work, or If hor employment do-
mniulB long and expensive training,
.-'acts force us lo admit thnt, unmi-ii'*
rkirl womon who havo passed bey-nd
tho stnRi) of girlhood receive llttlo or
r\n \\if\ri ifi-rnw mill'   OiM'ofiirn (t  tl e*-
Rontlnl that, thov should lm -paid enough wngos to keep them efficient.
Any nrgumont as to tholr actual worth
in industry can only bo considered
after lt has boon ascertained that
thr>lr minimum r^nulromontH hnvo
been mot. Inofflrfcut workors must
be taught efficiency; sick workors
must ho mndo well; ami no disability
ou their pari must ho nMowed lo stand
In tho way of tholr getting nufflcloni:
lodging nnd food nnd clothing, Other
nrrniiKemenlH mum \w mndo for thoso
whoso Industrial ability In not equal to
tholr minimum requirements.
Rlnco our poor lnw makes the state
responsible for tho (.ire of the unfit,
employers must bo mado nrpountnbjo
for any undorpiiymc-nt or other action
of theirs which  Inrrenses thnt lift*
cronso ln our yearly bill lor lncnpablo
As a party the Conservatives have
always recognlzod that it is the duty
of tho state to extend Its protecting
hand ovor the workers. Much of the
factory legislation ls duo to them, and
Is based on tlio prlnclplo thatomploy-
ors have no right to rob the nation by
Ill-treating its most Indispensable material.
Mo'thodB ot measuring, adequacy of
dlot hnvo boon recently ascertained
nnd It Is known that a human bolng
needs to consume onch day 12S grams
of,,protein and 8B0O calories of don, a
working girl needs therefore to spond
botweon 8d. and ls. a day on hor food
alono. If Hho could subsist on broad'
nnd margarine she would need 1% lbs.
of bread, an ounce of margarine, and
nn ounce of choose, costing about Rd.
hut obvloimly such a dlot, through Its
monotony, would quickly load to loss
of appotlto and consequent lll-hoalth,
and Is qulto Impossible In London,
It Is only fair to add that other estimates of tho requirements have been
made, Tho superintending sanitary
Inspector of (llnsgow, for Instance, estimates that a woman In that olty can
llvo upon 10a. lOd. a wook, the Items
lining food !)h„ rent 2fl, (Id., clothing?
light, flro, hoiiBOhold sundries, 2s, (Id;
r i    i i    - ... i    ...^ ,.V
lOfl •. wnrklnir mntcrlnln. 4n\*. f.\rV nnd
funeral nsscHsmonts, 4d?; all other oxpondlturo, is. Od. It Is admitted thnt
In London prlceB nro somewhat hlRher,
and the fliuiw ntandard of living could
j-i/tf 1..-.   n-i-ittif    _ .*/■, 1   f'^'lor 1!?°,
Tho Women's Trado Union I_onguo,
with a vnHt oxperlonco of working
BlrlH, maintains that n^wago of lis.
a week Ih necessary, nnd probably
doos not estimate, ns I do, that the
working girl needs to spond ns much
ns lu. In liiHiirance and rccrontlon,
Fifteen shillings a week Is tho wage a
working v.oirinn often desires to earn,
nnd wage hooks in (he clgnr trndo
sonioiinw-K show thnt when sho hns
onrnod thnt amount she drops' hor
tools. Fifteen shillings Is evidently
the sum on which she thinks sho can
The Average .Wage
But 15s. Is most emphatically not
the' sum of, money, earned weekly by
the majority of women* workers in
London and elsewhere'.. , In the cotton
trade women's wages are high, and
women's work Is so valued that for
tho same-work they are paid at the
same rate as moiii although lu most
cases tholr'weekly earnings nro'slightly less, Othor trades are not so gen-
orous, and In a roport Issued by tho
board of trade dealing with wages In
tho clothing trades thero Is ono llttlo
paragraph of serious signification. At
tho ond of an Important, table showing
the wages in tho dressmaking, mllln-
ory, underclothing, tailoring, boot, cornet, glove, dyeing nnd laundry trades,
It Is stated:
"The .table-shows that moro than
half of the "women ln each' Industry
oarnod-less than fifteen shlllnlgs in a
full week. „.Tho Industries spoclfled
are 'sessional ln character, and the
amounts stated ln tho table cannot bo
earned In slack weeks."
f-ovon, eight and nine shillings aro
commonly oarnod by plrle and womon lri fnotorlosln London and all over
the country.    DreBsmakor's earn from
10s, to 12s. weekly In the poorer dli-
trlcts to 22s, In tho wost-c-nd of London.    Calendar .hands (In Irmndrlps)
are paid from Os. to 10., a week, and
tho nverngo wafto for a Ml time w_ok
In a laundry Is 12b, 10d,    Tho work
Is exceedingly hard, nnd It mny .ier-
haps' be ndvantageoim ta the women
employed that their wook Is short,
but "days off do sorlo'usly reduce tho
weekly Incomo.    CorBot makers and
leather glove mnkors over IS oam on
an avorago' slightly more than 12s. tn
a full wook, this avorago, of courso,
IncludoB tho woll-pnld forewoman,"
"A Vn«t Difference."
If 15b. Is tho smallest sum on which
a womnn can maintain hor efficiency,
if working women do not got assistance from tholr menfolk, nml—oxcliid-
lng the cotton oporntlves—-If the large
majority of thorn oaru Iobb than 15s.
n wook, and many less thnn 11s. a
week, how do they live?   Among tho
working eloHBon nn unmarried woman
who Is nol a domestic sorvnnt ls seldom honlthy—Bhe U always half-starved,    Unices Bho. In sufficiently clever
to 1>B mndo d forewoman she drifts
Into hospltul ur liifli'imuy, and tli.ii.a.
to tho grave, a victim of umlor-pny.
ment.     The answer to tho question
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LLD., D.C,L_, President ;
CAPITAL, -,$10,000,000
REST,-   $8,000,000
Every branch of The Canadian Bank of Commerce Is equipped to issue drafts «_
tbe principal cities in the following countries without delay t"
Africa Crate Oreo* '    New Zeal-
Arabia   , Cuba , HolUr-l
Argentine Republic Denmatk IceUad
Auntralia Ecyp*. .    .     - ' _»<!*<* .
Auatria'-Iuafaiy   Faroe Iriaafc _reU___i -
Delirium Finland ,  '    Italy
Dratll . Ponnoaa < Japw
Buiearla Prance -   Java <
Cey.ea PKch CoeMa China Malta „    ,
dull Ocrmuy   . Manchiitta
China Great DntaM Mexico 	
The amount of these drafts is stated In the money of the country where they are payable?, that Is they are drawn in sterling, francs, marks, Hi*, kronen, florins, yea,,
taeta. roubles, etc., as tha esse may be. This earnr-a* that the payee abroad wiO
receive the actual amount to-ended. AXIS
Peru   ,
South AMea
Strait, Settle-Beats
United State*
Weal ladlea, etc
Tho winning of tho gamo doponds a wholo lot on tjio "tools"
tho playoru ubo. Our Sporting Goods Department is nmply
equipped with tho vory bost of all kinds of sporting goods for
out-door sports*—for every gamo for old arid young—Cor nnui-
tour or professional. It is very much to your advantago to
buy of us,    Spocial prices to clubs ancl organizations.
Bleasdell's Drug Store
■4- !*•;**«* WW*
hlllty.     Tho payment of Insufficient j llvo romforti^hly If Bho haa no ono
worm hns nn n fllrort result nn In-' but hcrao). ti. support.
Mead OffUe
CAPITA!. PAtn UP '.'.  *2,fi70,000
Reserve and Undivided Profits  !.,R00,000
Total Aflsete  44,000,000
It Is not In Jtu powor to purchiiBo that tho
greatest valuo of monoy lies. The fooling
of imlopondonco, and of security ngalnBt tho
yoffocts of ndvorso fortuno that a reserve fund
glvon you, Is Infinitely moro satisfying than
tho passing gratification which you would
obtain by, spending It.
Small amounts—-which you will hardly
ir-lSB—do.'oaltO-t regularly, will gradually, but
surely accumulate to a sum largo enough to
Insure against the effects of business reverse!) or Iobr of employment.
J. R. Sloan, Af?ent
.1 *..%n. i-sn.n l iii.ii
.-.   '>.<
",_>_. vy.
'Beware or
A      •
Sold on the
Merits of
You're always welcome here
"ik- v ' f   '
Glean Rooms, Best of
■    , Food and every,
.-.    .. attention  .A
THOS^ DUNCAN    Passburg
Just^ received.** 'a'" shipment ^of
, Hundreds''of  latest   Records;,*
Violins,- - Guitars,.   Accordeons,-
Sheet Music,1 etc., etc. A',    7y>,
, .-Ik -
"f, .      ■-. -      .   i    ;**■-■'
.New Michel
L. E. McDonald
? *".A , ■"d   ' • '     !°  -- 7
*      '       ~. -i -*- ^
Express and Delivery-Wagons a'
t.-y   - v '".   "■■ *  •■■*
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
■-, Gents' Furnishings   •    "
7  .77. . . .x/■_       .   ''
• A'- ■     *.        . .  .■-   ■*   -
. * *
Aerent   Fernie' Branch
Pellatt. Ave.    North
arifi Sale Stables
♦ ♦*♦ o ♦ ♦ ♦'•<►''♦*♦.♦♦ 4_
delivered    to   all
parts of.tho town
▼ - Sanders & Verhaes.  Brothers.
k y   Proprietors '  *
First,class Horse./ for. Sale.
Buys Horses on Commlslon
,'*' "^ ._. * FRATELLO'j . ; v.. "'
Da qual ciurma era stato' ingaggiat-o
il "muto"? .. Lo chiamavano'cosino.'V
perche, egli non sapesse parlare, ma
pe'rhce nessuno tra gli scaricatori"<3e_
piccolo, porto comprerideva in qual f a-
vella egli parlasse. -Forse/anche par-*
lando la sua lingua,' una lingua'bar-
bara del centro dell'Africa, egli.stra?
ziava le,parole e le frasi per qualche'
"grave'deformita della lingua o'dylla
laringe.- Emetteva suoni cupV parole
incompresibili e tronche, e le"?poche
parole ehe. col tempo, aveva impararo,
a dire o a comprendere. le pronunzhv
va malamente, tanto che delle • volte
gll operal re ridevano; e-non per
cattlvo cuore e per canzanarlo,;/ ma
solamente perche quel suo j strano
modo dl esprlmersi provocava le rlsa.
cattlvo cuore o" per canzonarto, ma
gro, con la muscolaturarllevata e soli-
da '<. le fortl mascelle quadrate so .ta
gll, zlgoml 'sfuggenti—parlava poco e
lavorava Bompre in' sllenzlo. Allora
gll altri compagni dl lavoro al'quail
non era rluscito dl sapere'.il suo nomo
lo chiamafonb 11 "muto,"       -, A
Egll a poco a poco si era famillarlz-
zato, aveva1- lmparato* a flspondere a
quel nomignolo. ' SI volgeva verso 1
compagnl dl lavoro e delle volte, quando lo chiamavano a bevere in" coni-
pagnia un bipchiere di vino, il suo vol-,
to slilluminava di un sorriso strano
egli aggririzlva la pelle della frohte,
e'gli-velava gll occhi lucentl.df una
strana tenerezza.     E restava la, tra
1 compagni, 'a'dascoltare, in sllenzlo. 1
1 Era sbarcato'la da due anni, pro-
venie'nte dall'Afrlca sopra un fragile
veliero' cbe .trasportava .del legname.
Dopo sbarcato? quando il veliero ripar-
ti-il negro non ritornb a'bordo, e ques-'
to fece credere ai lavoratori del porto
che egli fosse fuggitb"dalla sua terra,
poiche   se   fosse stato della ciurma
avrebbe dovuto   ripartire <■ o   sarebbe
stato. ricercato! ' Era magro,! triste,
solo e non-aveva bagagli; forse nem-
meno .una moneta, che- passo_ alcuni
giorni eduto iherte sulla" splaggia. ,\ :.
Se non mori .di.fame fu solo perche
degli operai impietositi e incuriosti gli
poftarono ognigiorno un poco di pane
tolto alle; loro bocche.' ■ Un giorno il
negro -si .avvicino al' porto,'- dove gli
scaricatori lavoravnno,' alleggerendo le
barcaccie' delle c'o'rbe' del carbone per
portarlo a bordo delle navi,   -
Qualcuno gli rivolse, ua parola e "ne
ebbe risposta in quello strano linguag-
gio"che promuoveva'le risa. I piu
giovani, allegr'amehti.; seriza cattiveria
lo motteggiarbnq riproducendo i suoni'
della' sua voce, q ,Un operaio - invece
resto pensoso e psseryo' che in qiiegli.
occHi*~di negroTlucenti come il gaietto,
era una grande; tristezza.—La "Parola
dei Socialisti. -     --        ■'■'       ,„,'
' D'allora in poi non accettai'piu inviti
"da Marx per' giiiocare' alia sera. , .
7* Prattanto il giupco- degli seacchi fu
abbandonato maii mano, che noi avem-
mo possibilita di trovareimpieghi sta-
"bili. ^     '       '   -.;,* ',. -. -   7
Parlando di .questa missiohe • diplomatics di Lenchen, debbo dire che
essa era sovente adoperata per mis-
sioni in famiglia, specialmente verso il
farioso' capo.   " f    .."?"
Essa esercitava, come dissl, una
specie di dittaturay:e''*per.defii_ire meglio diro che Lenchen aveva la ditta-
tura, la slgnora Marx la supremazla.
- E e a tutto, questo* Marx era sotto-
messo corne un agnello..    ,
Si dice comunemente ehe ne'ssun
uomo e un eroe agli occhi del suo ser-
vitore. Certo per Lenchen Marx non
era grande. Essa avrebbe sacrlft-
cata'se stessa per lul, per la slgnora
"Marx, per ognuno del - bambini se
fosse stato necessario e posslblle. Ma
Marx nonle poteva isplrare paura;
essa lo conosceva in tutti i suol deboli e lo faceva girare sulle dita.
La dl lui collera poteva avere, 1 plu
grand! scoppl,.poteva tempestare '"•
tuonare finche .'voleva tenendo tutti a
dlstanza, ma Lenchen andava nella
fossa del leone e se esso ruggiva gll
faceva un tale predica che il leone"
diventava subito un agnello.—"Wilhem
Liebknecht. -
already tested, it is unable tp bring
the work up to date without increas-'
ing the force of engineers and chemists engaged in making these tests,
and the funds available for conduct-
ing* the Investigations are not sufficient to meet such increase. *:In. testing and" analyzing the explosives examined during the year nearly 10,000
tests, analyses, .and determinations
were made. '* ^
The' chemical, investigations, like
the physical tests, of explosives havo
been carried-" on'at -the Pittsburgh
station of the bureau. In addition to
routine, chemical- analyses and tests,
several improved .methods of testing
have been devised.'
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
6,000,000      Capital   Paid   lip A ...... 5,996,900
5,996,900       Total Assets ;•,••;' 72,000,000
?       D? R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, VSce-Pres.7
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamioops? Michel, Moyle, Nelson.
A '   '  '     Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. <
,,7    , '      SAVINGS DEPARTMENT       '      '     ,'      ~
7  Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
5 George Barton    PhoneJ8 J
The Csish
Hosmer B.C.
Pay Day Specials
Applos, por box*,, ,,' $2,15
MaccaronI per Imi $1.50
Spuds, owl, ?,$2,25.
Lemons, por doz     .30*
OrnngcR, rogular 7C for ..  ".60
" .DO for 40
"    roRiilnr .*10, for 30
, Dulk Ton, regular ,50, now .25
Tomatoos, G emm for .,7$1.00
Pour, llonnfl Corn, mixed
"0 cans for  , $1.00
Thli Sols appllen lor Cash only,
eT r rah al
W. J. Cole
Hair Dyes-sing
Pool      ',.,■'•
:" Cigars
. Bowling Alley
1 I nostri padri, nali in tempi oscuri, e
cresciuti ed geducati- dal loro padri,
nati In tempi piu oscuri ancora, sono"
avvezzi alia rassegnazione e'secondo
loro iljmondo'fu sempre quello che e e
soci sara sempre—cioe' a' dire che*DIo
creo' nel-mondo i ricchi per signoreg-
giare ed i,.poveri per lavorare, per i
primi son fatti, i piaceri, e lc gioie, le
glorie e gli onori* del mondo per gli
ultimi i dolor! egli affammi, le umilia-,
zioni e la miseria. .Considerando vera
questa tradizione essi hanno soppor-
tato conpazienza.le pene della vita,
causate dalle ingiustizie sociali, e s'in-
gegna'nodi far comprendere a nol suoi
figli che volendo ribellarci e sollevarci.
dalla miseria; signiflca un atto di ln-
giiistizia pazza contro le leggi della societa ed un pee'eato ,'mortale, perche'
incorriamo cosi contro l'ira di Dio, il
quale ci-.dannera in eterno per esserci
ribellati contro la volonta sua. Questa'
infame menzogna, inventata da scaltri
Fariseri dacche' il mondo ebbe princi-
pio, e', bastata, - attraverso ai secoli a
tenere°divisa l'umanita in due classi,
l'una dominant'e astiita e crudele, l'al-
tr'a servile, ignorante," ma generosa. -
' E possibile,. a ^chiunque abbia un
po' d'intelligenza; di credere che un
Drop In
Marx era un fambso gluocatore di
dama, Egll aveva acquistato a questo
giuoco tale abillta che dlfflcilmente si
rlusciva a vincergll una partita. Gli
placeva pure 11 giuoco degli seacchi
nel quale pero cercava di aiutare la
sua abillta collo.zelo e attaccando di
Un;ho Marx anniincio trlonfanto
dl avore scoperta una niiova mossa
colla,quale cl'nvrebbo sconfitti tutti.
Acciottammo In scommessa, ed ep.ll, ln-
fattl' uno dopo 1'altro ci sconflsso tutti
nncho a seacchi.
In segulto pero, ponlondo, imparnm
mo a vlncoro, o ml rluscl dnro scacco-
matto a. Mnrx. Esseridosl fatto mollb
tnrdl, ogll chleso hernmonlo la rlvln-
citft por la matt Inn dopo in (insa nun.
Alio 1.1 precise oro airnpinintamento
Non troval-Marx nclln stanza, In slgnora Marx non si feco vedoro o Ivon-
chon, la sorvento, non ml foco un'nc-
cogllon'zn molto nmichovole.' Prima
cho potoflsl qunloho conn
oni succosso, enlro'Marx, ml stvlnso la
mano, propnro suhlto la Hcncuhlora, o
la partita comlnclo, "■ Marx dnranto'Ia
notto aveva' sluiflnto una niodlticn-
zlononella una nuova mosinn, o non trado molto clio ml troval rinohliiHo In
tal modo da non potor plu b.iibbIi'o.
Pul Hconfltto, o Marx orn.Rluhllnnto;
To cloanBfl tho Hystom of undlgoBtod
food, foul gnsoB, excess bllo In tho
liver mul wnsto matter In tho bowels
will Impair your honlth. Tho bost
Hyslom roRUlntor Is I^G PILLS.
At nil donloi'B,, SB and fiO cents, or
.Tho Flu Pill Co., St., Ont,
Hold In Fornlo lit Mcl/onn'n Drug nnd
l.ool. Storo.
List of Locals District 18
,.0, NAME 8EO, and P, O. ADDRE88
20   Danltliontl......... P. Whoatloy, Dankhcad, Alta.
481. Ilonvor Creek, P. Gatighton, Donver Croek, via Plnchw
.ji , i.ollovuo. J. Uurko, Uollovuo, Frank, Altn,
H3C3   UfoiiuifiiV......... lid,(JitMfi,liluiimoro,Aim,
0-10   Ilurmlfl  Jos. Dorbyuhlro, BurmU, Altn.
•5227   Carbondale J. I-onsberry, Crtrbondfllc, Coleman, AUa.
1387  Canmoro N, D. Tbaoliuk, Canmoro, Alia.
2(133   Colomnn  \V, Ornhnm. Colomnn, Alta.
_,bV«   Cvi.-ii»i    It. .louea, i'orliln, I), O.
:U2B  Chinook Mlno» .... P. Kolly, Dlnmond City1, Altn. •'
'3178, Diamond City Albert 7_ak, Diamond City, Lotkbrldgo.'
8SlV  Pernio Thot. Uphill, Fornlo, Tl. O,
1263  Frank., Jnn. Ktnnody, Frank, Alta..
t.97.,Hosmor  W. Baldentono, IIoBmor, 11. C.
1DSS  IJIIIerMt .7. O. .Tonnn, Tllllerost, AUa,
574   UtbbridRo  L. Mooro.   60., SI>,to«nth St., North Velhbridgo.  T^thbrld«r« Po.HerieH Prnnk narln/jlinm, sec, via., Klpp, Alto, .'
7333  Llllo , W, U Evans, Llllo, Frank, Alta ,
J829   Maplo Leaf 8. Parker, Maplo Leaf, Bollovuo, Alta.
(3.14   Mlchol M. flurrell, Michel, 11. C.
14   Monarch Mine..... 8. Moorcrolt, Monarch Mlno, Tuber, AUa. ,
9352   Pju-bunr J. Klufccarl.*, pA«th«nr, Alia. „
8589   lloynl View  Thou, n, Ff». *r, tlfiynt rftliMrfcrt, r^cthbrMW, AUa
1023   Tabor.? • -A. Patterwa. Tabor, Alta, ,;
~  102  Taber  Jaa, Wll ton, Taber, A1U.
11 buo buon uniore rlapparvc come por
Incanto, ordlno dol snndwlclica o dn
13rt _unn nnovn v bntlnglla comlnclo
mn quoslii volta lo fill 11 vlncltoro.
K conl rombnttommo con fortuiui ul-
turnutn, caniblkniloumoio Bonza pron-
dor tempo dl mnnRlnro, soddlsfncotido
II no»(ro nppptlto prondfliulo lu frottn
dal plalto cho la Horvonto cl, Horvlvn,
ciirno, fonnngftlo o patio.
Ln Hltfitom Mnrx rlmnso InvlNlbllo,
iioiiimono I rntrosel osnrono ontrnro, o
conl In hnttnglln b' fitriosn,
fin cho dlodl aencco matto n Marx duo
volto dl RORiilto montro nrrlvavn lo
mozznnotto, Rgll Inslstovn dl glocnro
nncorn; mn la Ixinclion, In dlttntrlco
dolla cnoa, sotto It comanilo dolla &!-_.<
norn Mnrx, ordlno catogorlcaincn.c.
"Ade«Bo hnstn!" K pros! commlnto.
Ln mnttln nfiOKiionto, ml urn nnn^nn
nlznto qunndo, qualcuno Ijiibho nl mlo
uacio e_f iiiuro Unchon.
"La elgnora Mnrx vl proKa dl non
flluocara plu Hfill seacchi con Mnrx
nlln sera, porcho qunndo pordo divontn
dl un uniore csecrabllo." K ml (llin^
come la ttorn prlmn ogll nvesso sfogato
tuttn la sun Ira colla nioglto tanto da
farlo pordoro la paxlontn,
Dio~Bi-buonbT~"siJgiU-ifb, come la'bib
bia ce" lo dipinge, abbia potuto las
ciare che il mondo da lui creato diven tanto perverso, ingiusto e crudele
come e' oggi? . Non e' chlaro che quel
branco di paraasiti-che. oggi governano
il mondo siano loro i verl creatorl delle-nostre miserio e (loi nostri uolorl?
Perche' avrebbe dovuto Iddlo' condan-
narci a vivere come bostio in un mondo ove le cose necessarle per una vita
da umani abbondano? Qualo la nostra col pa so nol non eravamo ancor
nati quando la sentenza contro dl noi
era gia spiccata a condanharcl alia
fame? B quale merlto hanno quclll
che prima dlnascor'e son gin orodl-
tari.di lussi o di agi?     '
So 1 nostri podri non fossoro stati
schlavl dolla" suporstb.lone, essi corta-
nionto avrobbero nvuto 1'ldoa dl ribol-
larsi prima dl nol; essi poro nvevano
la mento troppo"offuscatn dalla neh-
bla superstlnlosa o no'n linn vlsto molto lontano, . Ma ora quella nebbla va
dlsslpnndbsl, por nol, glovnnl si o' dis-
Blpata cdl tutto; „nol vcdlnmo gin un
rngglo dl lucn c dl llberta non lontnnoo
qulndl Bta a no! U rngglungorlo.   .
Avnn'tl o compagnl dl lavoro e dl
Btentl, vol cho nsplrnlo ad avoro .una
famlglia o cho la societa dl oggi non
vl concede, o bo pure l'nvcto vl o vlo-
Into dl gofloriKi lo glolo,* datovl nil'
oporn, vo nlto nollo noBtre fllo • II
nostro complto o' dl Irnsformnro II
mondo (cosa faollo porcho' slamo mol-
tl) o qunndo quoHto complto snrn »d-
adompluto tutti vlvrnnno.una vita fc-
Hco, dl paco o dl nmoro. Tutti la-
rovornnno nllogniiiK'nie porcho' II lavoro Bnra allqrn una gloln o non un
niartlrlo. Allora ogi'iino honodlru
Iddlo crentoro (chi Jn lul erode) In-
voro dl hlnHlmnrlo por avorgll (Into la
villi, o Dlo KtoHuo co no burn grata (ho
o' Voro alio osleto) per cho' tutti I
poccatl dl oggi provoiifiono dnllo con-
dlzloiil Boclnll clio nol vogliamo cam-
hlaro, :.
One of the most Important decisions rendered for a long time in an1
Illinois court is that of Circuit Judge
Creighton in Springfield, last" Tuesday ln which he held that the holder
of an assignment of unearned wages
from a laborer cannot collect by law
that part of future wages now exempted, by the law,' if the assignor bo the
head of a family and reside with his
family. The ruling was the "first In
the state on the question of the/assign
ment of unearned wages by a laborer
.when he claims exemption. The
-Menter-Rosenblum. company held the
assignment of M.'M. Hinkle's future
wage's for. a' debt of $19, and gave
notice of the assignment to Hinkle's
employers. The assignment was for
wages, to whatever amount they might
reach.' Hinkle'claimed exemption under the statute and the employers filed a petition in the circuit court to
determine to -whom they shoull pay
tho money due Hinkle.
Judge Creighton ruledv that -HinUla
could not assign his'unearned wages
for, the" amount exempted by statute,
as he'was head, of a family, but that
a -future  assignment  could  be  held
good for all wages-in excess of the
amount, $15, exempted    by    statute.
"When .the assignment was   presented
Hinkle had due him $27; the holder
waived   claim  to .the  excess  above
their claim, but sought to collect the
$19.,". .-The court held that inasmuch
as Hinkle was' head' of a family which
.he  was' suppotring,- and  elected   to
claim"' the -statutory exemption,  and
the wages were less than the $15 a
week allowed by statute as exempt
from attachment or garnishment, the
assignment could,not be forced.     "If
the assignment' were for wages*   already due," said the judge, "the question migbt-be.'different and the asslgn-
an assignment is made by a laborer
of .unearned wages exempted by law
from.attacment or garnishment, when
the laborer is the head of'a'sfamily and
residing with the family, and claims
tho exemption <(illowed by statute, the
assignment'cannot carry with it such
part of the wages, exempted from garnishment" or attachment."
The holder of tho assignment will
carry the case to tho supreme, court
ln the effort lo have It reversed.
Fernie Academy of Shorthand
and Typewriting
Two  Classes  Weekly.    Tuesdays  and  Fridays
from 7.30 to 9.30 in the evening
Privates lessons and select classes by arrangement t
Tel. 179 Evenings „.. . '       .        48 A Days
A large assortment of
New   Victor   Records
Come in and hear them
McLean's Drug & Book Store ^J-l*
How's This?
W« nir.r One l.undmt Ml.(i for mjr
i*im. nf ,'«..r.h tUt i-tniibt bn t-un-d |>y l|nll"_
UU.tU I'm..
r, 3, misKKV k co„ i«i«___, o.
\\>, I lm mttlrnla-nft., ti».» known C, J.
ntiirt tvt Ibe lm 1.) y«im, $t,A lu-lln,.. lilm
I*rf«fd. liwmMn tit til ba.lni-iM urniM-il-m.
ii nil Ittmiii'liltr .bis to curry .«t »»j cilillK.iluni
U«>1« I.} Ut r.fci.        ',
tvlllltt,   Uiili*.
Mtli'a I'ntnrrh Atrw It fi*.-* fnr,—up • -...•(.■•
4i.«rtiF «w*i <h# I.vwhi »rii nm^iiti ♦ni-fnf «-f
lb. _j#lfn>. ■XrnttmniUI. »ct,\ ttH>, 1'iIm- .5
tnt»,i*r l«.iil<>.   H«M lif nil t»meci»f«.
T»ko I1jII'« ftmllf i'lll* fi ,- (
Diirlni. Ihn ynir a nuinhor of oxplo-
hIvor hnvo hoon thoroiiRlily tfHtod nnd
linvo boon iloHlputoil nn "porinlMHihlo"
nxpIoslvoH for uno In ihiHty nnd gnBe-
out, inlnot. undor tho rondltloni. pro-
Bciiltcd hy tho Unltod Btn'on Iluronti
of MlnoB, TIioho "pormlBRlblo" ox-
plnslw" Hvo o olinrt o«i1r>v# ;>«'! .*!:*.
lively cool flnmo tlmt Im Iarb \\Ve\v
to l«nlto InHnmmfthlo riih or coal du»l
thnn Ih tho flnmo of dynamite or that
of block powder. Up to July 1, 1011,
8H explosive had pnBHod tho t-ostn ro-
qulr-pil hv tho lnironu nnd hnd iir/-***.
placed ou Itn llKt of ltormtstlblo ox-
In Its ondoavor to reduce tho dun-
Ron attending tho uno of exploitive* In
ronl mlnln(r the btiremi I* moetlnif
with tho hoartlest co-opomtlon of
iiiixiiufai-Viirc-rH <tf *jxi.U.wSv«*i», who nr«
utondlly ^ndonvorlnB to produco nnw
<-x|i|o«iv«M llmt will rrifc-i tho In^ronB-
inp Held demand* tho buromt mfi"k<*»
In tif'bnlf of »nf<>ly. Po Wftny rcquc-siB
lutvo been received for tool* of th«_M>
new rxptoRlvcR thnt tho totting work
ia now unily n year fn arr«amr    lint
UUiiUul. iLo butt-iti. U itt.xiou* lo tem
th puo explosives promptly, In the belief that t)n<y mny be miporlor to tho«o
Tho forthcoming nnnuul roport of
tho .director   of   tho   United Stntos
Bureau of Wines, for-tho fiscal year
endlnj?, Juno 30,  .011, tells  of "nn
arrnntroment made with   Iho  Public
Health nnd Mnrlno Hospitul Sorvlco
hy which ono or moro siirKoons connected with thnt servlco will curry on
jointly for thnt sorvlco nnd  for thc
Bureuu of Mines InvoRtlgntlons lookln.; to the Improveniont of mino conditions.     Theso InquirlcH nnd Invea-
tlpnlloiiB hnvo nlrondy shown tho prevalence of tuberculosis nnd hookworm
ns minor..' dlsonses In n number of different localities in tho Unllod Stntos.
It Is Important thnt this work should
bo oxtendod mora rapidly, becnut'o or
Iho fnct thut tho health conditions, ns
woll ns the rlBk of nocldonls, mny ho
Influenced  by conditions miacoptlblo
nf easy Improvement.     Furthoi-moro,
lho 1ar..o nnd  continuous Influx of
foroUfiiers Into tho minim, i-onlnns of
tho Unltod Stntos will brlns to un In-
crensliiB extent   tho   hookworm   and
othor dlBOHMOH that abound in nilnoR
In piirts of cortnln  lOuroponn coun-
trloR, i
"VnrloiiB (iiicstloiiH thnt concern the
honlth of workers In mines, ..imitW
nnd inotr.lliiri.ifnl plnntB cnn not bo
nriHworod flnnlly without IhvoriIrh-
tlorm and Inquiries tlmt nro iiniloiinl In
Hcnpc. AmoiiK such (|iio8(Ioiih nro the
most efficient motliodn of preventini.
tho (IboiiHOfl t'ccullnr to rerinin Indus-
tries, tho most efNicllvo snnltiiry pre-
cntitlons to bo observed In nnd about
conl mines nnd metal mines, nnd tho
relative) henlllifulneHH of occiipntlonR
pertnlnlii.T (o mtntnt. und i.u>Iii!Iu.rI-
ciil IndiiHtrlPR. The InventlKnllons
uiiti i..-(iin(t-n (nut lire oshimtiiil to the
ff.-ill (lij'A' ul uiSMii .tifuniiittiuii en
these (jiifHlIons can bo iindi-rtakiu by
lho l.iironu of Mines, In ^nni><**tlon
with Its collection of nccldent statU-
tlfR, In n prompt nnd efficient nmnner
_«.. '  wi   .......kuUU.  *.X)A-||M1,
&  Motor
■ If you' are thinking of getting a Bicycle or Motor,,Cycle    .,.
See John Minton, Fernie Bicyle Store
He has high-grade Cycles to suit any intending purchaser.
The C. C. M, Motor Cycle, nothing better; go as slow as you
. like and as fast as you dare. Solo agent for following Avhccls:
and any other make of machine supplied to ordor.    Beware of
Cheap Cycles—they are Dear.
Cycles ou Hire.     Accessories.   Repairs neatly executed.   '
Drafts and Money Ordors issued -pnynhln nnywhorn In Cnmuln,
Oront Britain or United Htntos.
Lol|ors of Oroilil* IssiU'd pnyablu anywlioro in European und
foreign countries,
Collodions mndo from nny point; In Ciuuiilt. whoro I horn Is u
brnhoh of a Cnnadian Glmrtorod Bank.
SuvIiirs accounts received ntiill Urnnohf-s oftbo Homo Bnul; und
full compound lntorosfc jxild. Withdniwills forwarded by mall en ln-
Htnietlons from the Dnpo-dtor, to nny out-of-town uUdrohi.,
Notes (llsemintod and ndvnnens mado on neeejilablo Boeurlty.
1-Jvery iiBslsInnee, ennslRlent wllh Round banl.ii.f_; j*n.ti«ii, i-xti'iidid lo
■,«     tlioHOongngoil In fnrniini;, industrial, _li.unt.iiil und biisliiefRemorplhi-H.
Head T*_r\ O f\ 1\T T*^    Branches nnd contifctlons
Office -* U ^{J AN 1 U throiiRhoiit Canada
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager.
Fornio Branch.
ur*. ull hIkiih nf tho wyntern belli., clog-
Bed. Tho Llvor nnd UowoIr nre Inactive nnd tho Htomaeh l« weali from
undlK< filed foodi nnd foul nam*.
the .jrest fruit remedy, will mako you
feel like a new )»erson.
Wlnnlnepr. June 27. ion.
Altir taklnf.   thrre boxes of your
Plf_ Pllli. for fitomneh nnd liver tron-
Dr. Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison
.,._,....i..I, .wi w.iiti «jihv«kc)i o_ mon: .*»rnn» WrHkiifoti-a,
V'nrlrn_if> Vrlnv, l»yi.f«prt^, tuoml nml «<l,ln J>U(„ J,/a, ,S«fr« lUttn, i\li|w
•try, lllnilitrr nml lllmintri-*, rlo,, nml r.iiilriiH.d .lllmrii.t.
Vrouli-ttf uinu.l lurinnimnilon, DM i'lintiile Coiiilltlont*.
Museum of Anatomy
In  Oily .In-iil .lltmruui I* kli»wn   by   life  nl.r   tnoilni-    ,«*>,,.,».■,-. hi. .(
....«; j..,,, ,%.,i,,j,i,irt> i.iiiii)iiiii<ih nt inn viii'lmn. jinn.-. »[ Un- liudy, lllun-
InilliiB fully Imth nriili- nml chronic .llarnur* of itirii.
Free Consultation and Advice !
MV MOTTOi UUK.Iu', l./_MI.\(J f.ll.\ll...>TI<:i.n .TIHII.O AT iioni:ii.
Uilirrt H.dlfnl l.tninlnntlnn l-'rrr. I'rrr l.iMmlnnlUui nf L'rlar
l>hrn uretunnrr. Cf>n»iilr 1|t>—l-"ll»:r'. n.tu'i DvIhji llrin^ai nrr
il«Mnrr<*ii». oil or tirllr, irrr llniili, I: .«-oihln_r rouflilrnllMl, llnnrsi
O n.m. in H p.m.| Mnndn)*, IO n.iii. (n 1 11,111.
Dr. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
do my own work.---Mm A. IF. SnnUer.
( Bold nt nil dealcru In 2Z and .'0 tent
hwit nr mailed by Tho Pis I'lll Co.,
.jles I feel strong and well and able to  Hi. Thornah, Out.
Shilolis Gun
STOPS C0B0BS'>'5.._LTI'^_.'£f*. ____a_-_-______-Ri
...  ■ ».-,>
v. r^*-r! "   ',*h ''-.-^
" ""    'f*H /'-.-^ i-V*"'-* "*- r.i. ".-    Jj"- ---- * '" *' 'f.-IcJ -~    .-     ~-".~ ~. .^ . *   .?-   * "• •'" -
. p s-— f\ -■■•■ •-    y,. -.i    i'
-    *,-.--',--''-■.    ,      - -i     -   -'i'.""'--V) "     --   '"    u'-..\..-'y.iy"      , .
:   .- .   -   -7 --,?.-■.•',   -      i-7*-*•,'•-  -•■ v-yv, ---I-.   ,   .-
■7   ;;, ?;-',:AA  -.-   7}7 A'AY .yAyAvA'sy'AA  7
.>.•!«   -   .
*? is- -J'
_^*.._^   -y.*.K   .-'*' y "-':-7-?j1 /-.%--'-*-- r'y.\-i .--^~- -"-y
- *"">   i
-•   ..TV-'-e   'v
yiX y
v: X:
Ready-to-wear Section
We are placing all our Ladies' Spring Suits on sale.   . This surely ?
is an opportunity .that■will be appreciated by every dscriminating
Suit-buyer.   'These'garments' comprise the very cream bf our stock."
?They come in stripes of. black and white, tan and white,,fancy.,weayes   ^
"of'all descriptions, and also in blacks, navys, browns in all the newest -
shades.    Every garihent is strictly man-tailored and all are silk lines.,
-   <■ S| * I
■ These goods have been especially reduced and will bear the reduced
price in blue figures, the original marks being in every case left on .
tlio tickets for comparison. Ths sale ncludes every Suit in the house
and tho sizes, range in misses' size from 14 years to 18 years, and
ladies' size from 34 to 44. Following is a .brief descripton of some
of-these offerngs. Navy blue Suits made of \ fine quality serge,
x collar being trimmed with silk and finished with small buttons, very
cleverly desgned, a great bargain.    Regular, $32.00.   Special $24.00. ,
, Suit in striped zebra-cloth.    This is the very latest creation, with
-collar beautifully embroidered, the whole design being carried out by
material being utilized to give contrasting effect.    Regular, $32.00;
Specal, 24.00 '-   '       .A
Gray homespun Suit, in large sizes, in summer .weight.     Collar is
square and trimmed with black satin and buttons.     Regular, $27.00.
.-Special, $21.50. - ,   ,   ' ' ,      ° .
A very special number'come in navy, grays and browns, very beau-.
tifully tailored and trimmed. , .Silk lined coats,-very, stylish.    Sizes,
34 to 44.   -Regular, $25.00.   Special, $19.50.^.'      '   *
Also a special sale of suits in blacks, navys, browns, greens and
grays, made in a nice quality, of vicuna cloth,-nicely trimmed.    These
'*   are exceptional values and are marked for quick clearance at prices
never before offered in this city/  Saturday Special, $7.50.  .     , A
Saturday Specials
These garments are trimmed with embroidery and lace,,with" insertion of beading at neck arid waist, nicely threaded with ribbon,
with ribbon draw strings. ' In all sizes. Specally:priced,$1.25 per
garment.        ,
All sizes from 5 to 9y2 on sale, 6 pair for,$1.00.      =--.- y ■-    v.-*,
,    Princess Slips, prettily trimmed at neck and foot with tuckings-and'.
embroidery flounce in all sizes..  Special, $1.25 each..
,  - - - -   „ <■
Potatoes, per 10Q lb. ..................... .$2 00
Turnips, 12 lb. for' .A......    .25
Soda Biscuits, .1 lb. pkg., 3 for '.......'.,.-.....    .25
Fresh Creamery Butter,"per lb 40
Quaker Corn Flakes,* 3 pkg.. iot ...— 25 .
Quaker Oats, 5 lb. pkg. with china ."...'.....    .25
. Carnation Wheat Flakes, per pkg. .". 40
Lowney's Cream Chocolates, per lb. .. 7. 85
Braids' Best Coffee, regular .50,2 lbsrfor ....    .85
Lowneys' Cocoa, 1 lb. tins .._...." '..    .40
Smiths' Catsup, pints, each ,. .20
Sterling Brand Extract, 2 oz.' each ".     .10 >
Blueberries/2 lb. tins, 2 for ,     .25 *
Lombard Damson Plums, 2 lb. tins, 2 for     .25
Evaporated Prunes, 2 lb. for .25, 25 lbbox "for 2.o5   -
Cooking Figs, 3 lb.for .*.....,.  ."!*_»
Oranges,per doz. ......'..C .25, .35, .40, .45 and .50
Our -Best Flour,-49 lb. sacks, each  .1' 65''
Self-raising Buckwheat* and Pancake Flour,
- 2 pkg. for .V. 7 ...........;..........'.'  *M'
Fowl, per lb '........  -  .25 •
Chicken, per lb7. ....'.' ; ,,..    .30
Crosse andBlackwells! Jam, 4 lb. tins, each ..    '.65 ,,
White Swan Lye, 3.' tins A.* '.     :25 „,
' Breakfast .B^con;' side, per lb .' — 7.    . 21 .
Canada First Pork and»Bans, 1 's, 4 tins ......    .25
- White.Gloss Laundry Starch, 3 for ...'.. v .    .25
Table Salt, 3 lb.sacks, regular 4 for .25, each   .05 '
Enos' Fruit Salts, perbottle .......,.'... •   .75" -
Good Quality Bulk Tea, 3 lb. _ 1.00
'.. Our Special Blend Tea, 2'lb. . y■...'..' '„, ,75'
Marafat Peas, ,2 .pkg? — ..;......-"..'. ':'  .25
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins .' , .25,-
Wbite Swan Washing Powder, per pkg.....    .20?
/ The greatest opportunity-eyer offered to btiy high classflaiid-Tail-, ^
- vored Clothing at very,iow prices wiilbe offered for Saturday and- .
,.-' Monday, May 18 and"20th.    ,The' garments offered are this season's 7
.newest models, and" are'fully'guaranteed to keeptheir shape.    These'7
.-   suits will be on exhibition in our show window on Friday. .The f ollow-
, - ing brands will be included in this sale:. The famous 20th Century.and
Coppley, Noyes and Randalls.     . '"      ^ .    '   '\ ,
i'    SUITS UP TO $25.00-^ SPECIAL SATURDAY, $15.00--.
. ' -        ,-   J ■'- '"    "        *'-   i'
,4i - -1     *. -• -».-'•-' ' '.. "•
Men's Straw Hats     ■ " f
Tho straw hat season is now in full swing; our new Wide-loaf
Sailors are very popular (men,will have the newest).  , Make your,
selection while there is good variety.    Prices from $1.00 to $3.00.
i 7 A f     "J i -' i ■" .    '
o *   ^ ■ V ' **
Men's Panama Hats
,     In Telescope and.Dip Front Shapes (something new) $7.50 to $15..
■■»-  7    '    •*;■..     ' - y    '■*'',* A  -    , ■
Men's Linen Hats    :X
In all colors, shapes and sizes.    Prices 50c. to $1.50. , *     ?'
Specials for Saturday
■"   " :'       ' A   TABLE DAMASK? ,.,/AA'"
Bleached Table Damask,in handsome patterns, 57 inches wide, on
sale, 35c. per yard A .        y A
.   f'-y'-X;.- WASH  QOODS
-Oxford Suitings, just arrived,, regular 20c. grade, Specal 715, yard.
Pique Stripe Suitings.' A very special quality in creani and white
only; a very dainty material?'.-. Specal 20c. per yard.
.   8 Yards for ...  .-'..'......,.'. -. -. vv..:.:.. $1.00
\\ji r, i-> j~-
LONDON, May 14.—Te first com-
pensatlon claim in connection with
the Titanic disaster was made at
Liverpool by a bedrom steward's widow, in behalf of herself ond five children. The company admitted liability^ yesterday and paid $1,500 Into tho
court, tho maximum amount for which
the company was,liable.
FRANK, May 18.—Thc license-of
tho Miners' Hotel horo was refused
on account of tho building not complying with the statutory requirements.
The-'license of the1 Southern Hotel
at Bellevue was recommended for renewal, subjoct to a now license satisfactory to tho dopartraont malting
application immediately, and Hugh
McMillan, ot Cowley, was granted a
renewal for throo months only. All
tho othor applications woro recommended for renewal.
Classified A_s.--C.nt a Word
That From Maine Showed a Deterlora-
tlon of Leas Thnn 10 Per Cent
WASHINGTON, Mny 1..—Experiments which havo Just boon completed
hy tho steam engineering authorities
of tho navy on tho conl reeovt-rod
from the bunl.oru of tho wrocl<od battleship Main, have disclosed .that tho
Iohh of efficiency In the burning nnd
steam producing nunlltloR ns tho result
of-being submerged In tho wotor. for
fourloon yonrH wai. Iosb .than 10 por
Tbo IobIh wore conducted nt tho oik
plncerlng expjrl.Tontul station nt An-
i.npollB. T'io nuthorlitofi wero nnx-
Ion-? to dotormljw wl-cihif much do
terlorntlon had resulted from tlio sub-
wiuooUB storngo ol'conl. It was not
posslblo absolutely to Idonllfy the
mine from which this old conl enmo,
but HtilfIcictit data were obiainubto lo
ten.i_i.'.i.'i Ni-.'f .v._.,w.'i.._.!<; ix■.'i.''.'.J-_■
the general character of tho coal nnd
r.Jro tho mine.    No evaporative tests
lind been mado on the conl r*« frig-
Innlly. flTowr-rt In tho bunkors of tho
Ml-VI'<*i     k»ll.     *l*'*''    H.\lH**i«6«VM     *lA»     it. A*
II. wns Iobs than 10 por <:ent. wni
rained from compnrlBons with tho ov-
njorntlve toBts made o.. «onl tlm'. hik
lwllevcd to ho praetlcnlly Idontlrnl
In all qualltiofl presumably tnlcen from
th* cam* mine.
Hillcrest, Alta., May 13, 1912
To tho Officers and Members, Local
Unions comprising District 18, U. M.
W. of A.*     7 ■'
Greeting,—In view of the election
for VIce-Presidont I have beon approached by a large number of our Members aBldng me to be a candidate for
the position. Aftor careful consideration I have decided to accopt tho
nomination. IV ls nol necosBary for
me to point out any qualities that I
may possess ns they can be bottor
judged by others. Sufflco lt to'say
that my past record ln this District
sponhs for Itself.
As a practical minor I havo worked
throughout tho District and this gives
mo a Knowlodgo of tho different methods of mining which It ls so nccos-
sary for a person to havo to fill the
position competently,
I havo beon tho Secretary of my
Local for a numbor of yoars nnd my
record |,n this cnpnclty stands ns high
ub any Locnl In tho dlBlrlct. Sufflco
lt to sny that I have ovory man employed by tho compnny In tho union,
both Insldo and outsldo,
I havo boon nn Executive Hoard
Mombor for a numbor ot yearn which
has glvon mo effective worlc.
I hnvo attended ovory mooting of
Importnnco connected with our orgnn!•
zntlon In UiIb DlHlrlot, nlso most of
the ConvonlloiiB nnd somo International Conventions, and tuive nlwnyo
tnlion ncllvo pnrt In all of thorn In
tho IntereHtB of tho organization,
Whllo acting In thoso various enpn-
.-ItloH I have naturally mado a tow enemies and also honts of frlondo, but
at nil timoB I hnvo dono my duty
without fear nr fnvor from frlonilfl or
opposition to tho beet Interoata'of tho
Should your Locnl nominato mo, I
cttli UHniiro )oti, ii ■»;»_;- tt-ii .ii<il _uu
i.,Lii,nri<;u{,tJi-i<UuiiU-ii lo nu will nol Vc
mlfi.ilncr-.l through nny fault of mlno.
Yours for a gronter United Mln«
Workers of Amorlm.
Hosmer, B.C.—Lots 11 and. 12, Block
5, Corner Main St., and Third Avenue,
60 by 100 feet • one of the best corners
In the city; must soil at once; title
first class,,,what nm I offered?—P.
McLachlan, Box 324, Prince Rupert, B.
C" .
FOR ;RENT—Store In the Eckstein
Block.     Apply, Cree and Moffatt?
Every convenience, bath-room, etc.;
Moderate'rent. Apply, District Ledger. .    ' A A
Orpheum Theatre
FOR SALE—EGGS for Hatching.—
From Pure S.C.W. Leghorns, No. 1
pen, $1.50 per doz., or $10.RO por 100.
No. 2 pon, $1.00 por doz., or $7.50 por
100. Apply, 'S. J. Harrison, Wardner,
B.C .<•
FOR SALE nt McLeans Drug and
Book Store,- Pucham's famous Chocolates,    Best on tho Coast.,
FOR SALE—Throo shnres In the
Fort Stoolo Brewery. Prlco, $275.
Apply to II. N. C Frank, Alia.
TO RENT—A 7-roomcd Plastered
lloiiBo In West Fornlo. Apply J. Foster, 221 Morrlssoy Housos, Conl Crook,
or H. Jones, West Fornlo,
FOR SALE—Ono Black onnmollcd
Folding ao-onrt with hood; nlso ono
Extension Dining Tnblo, In goldon
oak, Apply nt M. C. Konnody'a Iiouho
on Mcl'hoi'Hon Avonuo, ■ p-Jt.
Coming! Friday and Saturday
The Aerial Anarchists
A great sensational subject showing: tne
Bombardment of St. Paul's Cathedral
from an Aeroplane, and a terrible
Railway smash.   The most
astounding aerial film
of the year
An Italian Story.   A young. Italian -girl arrives In
the United States and Is lost by her parents,
but Is traced by hor wonderful ability
as a vlolnlst.-lmp
by Dolmaro E. Olark
as locum tenons, comedy and othor plcturos
ovory Thursday night, no extra charge
A SNAP—$000 ciirIi will piirahiiRO
the Lot nnd Uiillditig wd w PobI.
Offlco nt Morrlflsoy Junction. Apply, G. «. Moffatt, Fornlo, H. C.
Th* votihK«i»n.lh »tf tl»« United
States !■ «8tlmntfld nt Ifi.OOO.OOO, and
its jM*.r cBpliK. wealth $1,300. There
nre ncveral mlltlonn of people In tho
United 8fhte« who ennnot lay claim to
13 cent*. P«r capita wealth to ibe
<>_..4.[it of $1,300 would Lave UUto cou-
MUtlon "for the Jobleti vam who Is
homelpsfl, r»nnllci» nnd hungry.
FOR SALE—ColtUKO on lot nbout
120 foot Bqunro, the property of Mr.
A. II. Cree, who Ir leavlm? Fornlo tho
first won!. In .Tune. Will soil the
proporty ns n whole, or will subdlvldo,
Cnn bn puruhnsed at a bargain, and
on very easy toririb. Apply lo A. II.
Victoria Day
$1000  in
Horso Races, Foot Races.        War Dance by Real Warriors from
Trap Shooting, • , Tobacco Plains
Full Dress Parade of Red Indians. Indian Pow Wow. 7
Pony Races. BANDS! .   BAND8I      BANDS!
8quaw Races 8tar Attractions,     8peclal Trains
Wrestling on Horseback, over all Railroads.
Special Trains over all Railroads
Special arrangements have boon mndo for transportation on G, N.
from Euroltn, Roxford, Gateway, Flifestono, Waldo, Krnff nnd Hay.
nos; nlao C. I'. II. from Crows Nost to Wnrdner,
Baseball $100
This theatre co-operates with tho film makers for
bettor pictures.   Suggestions from tho        *
. public are desired  ■
Program changes on Monday, Wednesday, Friday & Sunday
Tho Ilrothorhoodiof Iliillwny Carmen hnvo orf.ant7.od clRht now lodges
nnd novernl moro ln tho
Inst qunrtcr. Tho brotherhood now
Jim RID locnl lodffos, wIMi nn npproxl-
mnto momberslilp of 83,000, still Rrow-
8/M.l-:—Apply, MrB. A. .1, HUflclojr,
Thompson Street, botweon Howlnnd
nnd Pellat Avenues.
Free to all
15 & IOC
George Heatherton, n woll known
member of loh Western Federation of
Minors, mi ill recently president of DU.
C, cf Greenwood, 11, C„ has become
n rfilitent of Vnnroiivfir, nnd In already tftklnK psrt In tho organised la«
bor movement In that territory.
FOIl HAT.I.—A ChnrloB A. Cypher
Incubator, io hold 150 eggs. Apply,
lilstrlct l^idgor,
Cunesli Citizenship of Red Flag
"  Adharent
SRATTLB. Mny''10.—United Slntcs
DUUIct Judgo CornelluB II Jlanford
todny ordered the cnncoltntlon of tho
uiUMitmhip puporu oi Lcou«r*i Olchou,
a Soclnllnt agitator, on tho ground that
ho committed n fraud whon ho sworo
thnt ho wns uttnohed to tho prlnclpIOB
of lho coiidtltutlou of tlio Unltod Stat-
oh. 'J'IiIh in Biiid to be tne nmi ctwu. ou
record whpro n mnn hn« boon deprived of r-ltlzcnBhlp bocnuso of nllegod
OleHon wna given hU cortlflcnto ot
cttUenshlp by tho Tlorco county nu-
porlor court Jnntinry 10, 1010. Ho
wns nllcgfld to hnvo taken nn nctlvo
pnrt in tho recent liuUmtrlnl Workers of the World disturbance In tho
Judo* H«ndfert»*« Decision     '
In his df-clslon Judgo Hnnfori. snld:
"Ho (Oloson)  clnlmcd to have a
denr understanding, ot tho conaUlu-
tlon of tho Unltod BUt-cs and know
liwt 1>y one cf lla nrllrlco dcprlvntlo-n
oi llfo, liberty or property without
duo process ot law Is forbidden, nnd
yot tho ovldonco lntroducod In hla bo-
hnlf proved that tho party with which
ho Is affiliated hns for Its mnln ob. oct
tho complete ollralnntlon of proporty
rlghtB In thlB country. Ho oxprossod
hlmBolf' na being willing for pooplo to
retain their monoy, but, Insisted that
all lnnd, buildings nnd Industrial Institutions oliouM become'bo common
proporty of nil tho peoplo, which ob-
juct Is lo bo, ul.lali.u_I, ucco.dI.i_; to
his ^ohnlf, by uso of tho ballot, nnd
when that object shall havo nttnlned
tho political govornmont of tho country
will bo onllrely nbrognted, bocnuso
there will bo no use for It. And ho
.u.Uwir adiulttcd tliu*. hla'beliefs, on
thoso aubjocts woro ontortnlnod by
Remember the date-you' can't forget the place
The Biggest Day's Sport offered in
South-east Kootenay
' President
Scc'y-Tro.n.?..   j"
him nt nnd previous to tho dnto of tho' I" tisV-'rw'w "^ n'1-
tnlttiipB him to bocomo n cltlzon. of tho
Unltod Statos..
Dangerous Heresy
"Tho notion thnt oltlssonB'' ot this
country mny nbBolvo thomBelvos from
nlleGlnnco to tho constitution of tho
Unltod Stntos, otherwise thnn by expatriation, Is n dnnfrz-rmifl hnwsy.
Tlio nation gonorously nnd cordlnlly
ndmlta to Us cltUonshlp aliens hnV-
Inn tho qunllficntlona prescribed by
lnw, but rocounlilng tho.principle* of
nnturnl law, cnlled tbo law of self-
prvwrrntfon, II wslrlctfl tho prlvlloff©
of   becoming   naturalized   to   thoso
whoso sentlmonts nro compatible with
.<Toi.iitiio nllnp-lnnpe to thn irnvorn-
mont ns doflnod by tho onth which
thoy nr<B required to tnko, Thoso who
bollovo In nnd propognto crude theories hoBtllo to lho constitution nro burred,
"Tho ovldonco In this enso doos hot
havo to hf) nnnlyzod to dolormlno his
nttlltidp. IIo hns no roveronco for
tho constltullon of thc Unltod Statos;
no Intention to support nnd defend It
ngalnst its enemies nnd bo Is not woll
disposed toward tho pence nnd tran-
pulllty of tho people. His propngan-
dn Is to cronto turmoil nnd to end In
clmo«," i


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