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The District Ledger Jun 15, 1912

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A^Thei Official Organ1 of District No. 18, U. M.; W. of A:
THE -DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C., JUNE 15; 1912.
$1.00 A YEAR.
IN
All
Ready-Crowds Heading This Way
IA
il
■ ,*" -  Tho. Executive' of the Fernie A. A.
.y.have now* practically completed .their
"program for'the let of July, and there
* vis,not"a shadow of4doubt but what
; this;year will eclipse all,others, both
•'"Mnthe number and variety of attrac-
"*;."' tions and prize"-values. 7. .    "      *'
■ •■    ^In1 Bpite of the,-fact that- several
■ ..other towns"in-the Pass have'selected
'—"the 1st of July for'a sports' day," the
-   'Atheletic Association have .-not ^,the'
" slightest doubt that Fernie; will be
." the centre of attraction and that the
program, which we,hope to "reproduce
■ next week', will prove, satisfactory to
-.    all. 7 The1" arrangements for the bbx-
,-. ing contest-have not yet been, tinally
fixed up, but1 there'is'every reason "to
A "hope that this will be one of the clean;
'   esfand best'exhibitions of.the manly.
:\ ~ art ever witnessed in Fernie. . Both
*',    men—Carver   and" Mullin—are ' well
. hnown iri the Pass a.nd their' reputa-
'tlon is, of the cleanei^edatthEC—ale
■• ' tion for.*square"fighting too well-known
. '  to need any comment from us. "■' '"
• ? Of the other events, the .three mile*
,,y motor "cycle-race, ttie. two. mile" cycle
,: race, the.Junior   Baseball,» Football?
and tug-of-war/will,* no doubt "prove
the; mos nipptarlo,--.., „,v..,*,?.,.-   7*-,...
tlie most^. popular, although the log-
\ '| rolling contest must not be' overlook-
'" 'ed'—this'will"be.heid"in "the' Elk Lum-
7   her Co.'s'pbrid, ''SVest: Fernie A1 The
'-.."foot races - and7. jumping "events are
y>   also bound to attract' a, g'reafe^deal'^of
attention/ arid' the "miners' race;_should
r^ring-Vat-the-Ioca]*BredlnB-in^,the'
• ' u.m.w: of JL"'Syy S / l-y€;'<£
: , a "chance^ to  secure - abbeln^-but,"M
■ ; y. Tradesmen,- local uri.ons7tea__iB.ers,
..* .etc., will haye ah?opportunity of'con-'
,%. j.testlri.g.In the float parade in the morn*
ing/tmli^fopttblB- th'efef'wni^De^two^
'. prizes^ •** y7y ■ *'y'**■ »«i -?* :^"!'; ^'-^"*'''t
,.-' ''"• The school ctindrenIbave/not* been
,'",forgotten;*'!,and7the   principal',(Mr.
7,' -Bruce), has the arr'angwmenta for "their
.••'' races, which'wlll^take'ptaoe .on the
7 " (Joal-Company's lawn.Mn band.    .Dr.
.Bonr.ell.r_RB agreed to address the chtl*
■, -dreri in the morning.,*  7 *■ ,' ,
-; , Thli year the'AnBOCiation has decld-
>.   ed to sell their tags at 25c, .Instead of
BOc, as "oaVprevloas'occasions, and it
is to be hoped that up- roan will be
Been on the Btrects or grounds who
7   haa not paid his two-bits.    The com*
mlttee'aro arranging a novel prize
drawing-in connection with thin, full
particulars of which will be announced
next'week?  AH ladles are Invited.to
"ripply, for tags"to sell, which can bo
- obtalne dot the following:
, S. L. Dunlop, Secretary, Telephone
Offlco,
Fire Chief McDougall, at tho Fire
.     Hall.
At tho Froe Press Office,    .
F, H. Nownham, -Tho Ledger Office,
WHEN MONKS WERE MINERS
In the twelfth, century tho monks
- woro conscious of the properties/' of
* coal. Thero la ovldonco thnt the
monies of Tynomouth wero obtaining
coal from tbo Manor ot Tyncmouth
and shipping It away In 12GD, as It Is
rocordod tbat In that yonr certain men
of NewcaBtlo wero brought beforo the
justlcos 'to answer to tbo Prior for
an alarming and slightly destructive
attacl.' which they bad mado on his
Infant town of North Shields, ono of
tho counts of the lndlctmont against
thom bolng that thoy had "seized and
carried off a ship of his lying, thoro
■' ladon wllh sea coal," addod Insult to
Injury by besting the monks and calling them "satellites of Satan."
In ISIS coal was workod by tho
monks at Cullercoats, near Mtrden
' Burn, but tbo works wero destroyed
by an Invasion of tbo Scots. Several
aoamo ot coal cropped out on tbo high
grounds of Elawlck and. Ikmwoll,
, where tbo High Main Seam was about
six feet think and etlsted otar a
considerable area. * In 1852, by lot*
tors patent addressed to King Wdward
HI, to his "beloted Mayor and Balfffs
: 'iri- of; New-
^^^-^T^jSjgiS^^^erise^o dig
.^^tSw'fcoala jpd _ stone- in"- tbe; com-,
moavlands 5 of * the-? town*' outside; the
walls in the'-'places^ called the Castle
Field and- the Forth,*'and to make profit'therefrom in'aid of the.payment of
their annual 'rent, and to continue dur?.
ing hisi-pleasure for. 20s. paid into the
Hanaper. In 1357 coals "were 'riot allowed 6t.be'exported to any place out
of the" kingdom excepting Calais. Coal
mirfflig was qarrled on exterisively'by
the monks of Durham Moriastry and
of Flnchdale Abbey-in-at least forty
places between the twelfth and six-1
teentb centuries. The working does
not seem to have begun to any extent, until about the* "middle of the
fourteenth century, .but af ter .that time
a considelable,. revenue was . derived
from many of the riitries. y . .
' The monks of Scotland worked1 coal
at an-early period. . It was recorded
that "the collieries-arid quarries of
Inveresk were "worked perhaps , as
early as the reign of "William the Lion,
and it is.ascertained that the monks
of Newbattle raised coal at Preston
Grange- in , the - immediate 'neighbor-.
hiood' even'before the accession of
Alexander"II. (1215)." -..A 7 "'
7,-n 1219'the Abbot of . "Wigmore
(Shropshire) made a profit of 5s. froiri
a coal -'mine/ In Gloucestershire, especially iri,the Forest of Dean, ironstone was exterisively worked by the
Romans, and In later times was under,
the auspices of the Crown.
MINERS BURIED BY A CAVE-IN "
BLAIRMORE,' June. 9.—About* 11
oclock Saturday an accident occurred
inA-ie mine which might have had'
more serious results, but luck gives,
a.-clean" slate ^as regards 'mortality-
af any rat,e. . While James Rutherford" and-John-Gates,were timbering
the,main.entry.and cutting out a<*tim-
ber, the roof "suddenly, caved in, burying both _men.;y. Rutherford, was badly caught' by the heavy weight of tim-?
ber?arid'rock but Gates' call for,help
soon; brought, some .of his?"fellow work-'
ers to, their'assisla?ncer-and after"about
fifteen minutes, hard wdrkiRutherford
■was-GXtricatedAwith*8!!^bt—Injurles,j
wblle'Gate's"'will'have-to endure the
misfortune' of-being badly ruptured
.';
<vf ,**
The Mine Workers of the Rocky Mountain yDivinon
,    --'   -i ■"- > -"   - ;, .," '     " '     *; *,v"    '      -'      " "  . ,    -.       .-     -        " _
Unitesin an Effort tcX Better Conditions
BUTTE, Mon., June 12.—"With the
founding of the Rocky Mountain Association bf the United Mine Workers
o* America, the election of officers and
the selection'of Great Falls as tbe
place of meeting for' 1913,' the meeting
adjourned last night and the 12 rep>-e-.
sentatives of'the coal miners - of Montana, Wyoming, Washington, Colorado
and'two districts ot Canada, "will leave
for their homes today. -The delegates
in'.the first meeting of the subsidiary
association of, the parent United Mine
Workers of -America; represent 51,300
coal miners in the west. ' '.. ' ,
'- Thomas Gibson, president of district
No. ,'22 of Sheridan, was elected :per:
manent chairman of.the association-
Henry Drennan, of Billings, was select-
ed- as\ vice-chairman, and Robert "H.
Harlin, national board member of
Seattle, is'.the permanent' secretary.
A'general discussloi was held regarding the coming wage "conference and
it, was decided to have a uniformity
of action in making a,demand.
'. The following districts were represented by the delegates named:
',' Montana. No., 27.—Henry 'Dennan,
"district president*,. .Billings; Adam
Wilkensori and" J.' Hunter, Roundup.'".
-J Wyoming,'' No.. 22.—Thomas, Gibson,'
president, Sheridan, Wyo.; A? G. Morgan, vice-president, ;,Cheyenne;,.,,. Paul
Paulson, natioriai'board member,'Rock
Springs;      M. _Morrow,, Cumberland,*
wyoy,: ■.. 7;av"° *'    v
*. Washington, No.. 10.—J. * R. Montgomery, district'.vice-president,, Seat-?
tie; William Larson,-Caronado.-Wash;-'
COUNTESS,OFFERS TO >_
si
'If 'Jt
..II*-
, r. ._-...„ *r y. yc--.,
INTAKE;-SOCIALIST CHILDREN:
'■< LOKODN,,.June lO.'-^^eT'Cpuntess^
of Warwick has offeredsto pay?for' the.
keep 'of-7.000 children, aa^'long aavtbe
dock strike' continues.   '   "  .    '»;-  7
■ \
THE ISIS
"Despite the counter'attractions'dur-'
lng the week, the isis Ib still,holding
Its own.'. The dais of picture -shown j
Is'keeping up'to the high standard set
bV.the management, and,the orchestra
continues,,to dispense sweetj. appropriate' arid "catchy music. '„ Some excel-
lontfeature films, we understand, will
be ahown * during the' coming week.
These will .include "Nicholas Nlckal-
by,",' and ''the Post Telegrapher." For
to-night and tomorrow an exceptionally good'programme .will bo shown, am*
ongst which, Is'the parade* of 20,000
Soclallsts^In Now-York, on May Day,
and scones of tbe rocont strikes'in
Europe. Othor pictures which will
bo soon are "Baby's.Choice" (cornody),
"Pleco of Amborgts" (comedy), ,Tho
Animated Wookly of tho World's Hap*
ponlngs, "Tho Pap'el* Industry" (odu-
catlonal), "U. S. Artillery," "Tompted
but Truo" (Dramatlo),'nnd "Tho Gold
Lust" (Wostorn).
E. W.-paYles.Black^Diamond.-WashT
Robert H. Harlin, national board member, Seattle.'", .7;-. 'v7,  .',,. '■■
Colorado, Utah" and'New. Mexico dis-
trict, No. 15.—J. R. Lawson, national
executive board member, Denver.
.' * Districts 18 arid 28; comprising Van-
couver, B./C, and'another.portion of
Brltisli Columbia, were'not fepresent-
ed.but they are included ln the association.    ? • -'■ i
Effort to Cb-Operate
' The following resolutions were passed and they clearly set forth the purpose of the new organization:    -
"To, cement together the various
branches .of the United Mine Workers'
of America, comprising "at present the
states. of- Colorac. o, -Montana, Washington, - Wyoming,. Vancouver * Island
and western Canada and, such ■ other
territory'.as may-We. organized Jn' the
Rocky Mountain and coa'st region. <
' -'"The most Important-,thing vthis organization will persistently and insis-'
t'ently advocate will; be the negotia-'
tion of wage "agreements, covering
wages, hours of labor and working
condition's at one arid the same time
by all'the coal producing'states belonging, to the association.
"The business of ' "coal mining is
hazardous in-the "extreriie, owing to
natural ,cdnditionsr,:-"Ad_led to this is
a condition in the industry that has
compelled. 'lack -' of-' attention to - life'
saving, i The*triirieworkers of' the
country feel that'the public is growing "conscious;!.of -th'is .condition, and
while* we-hereby "declare ojir hearty,
approval 7 assistance;- and aggressive
support- to .;secih*e 'better conditions
iri the business of. coal;mining,Ave'at
present, pledge,-; the '-utmost efforts of
this organization. ?to_brI__g~int6ybeing
propb'r laws;" ."guaranteeing l to uevery
man'who .enters or wo'rfis ar'ourid-'coal
*.*   ,.    * - ^—* - ^-'^ -
.'*-.,'   _.-■■'.- - ■      .... .w*
mines' and other hazardous occupations compensation for - Injuries received.   ' !
"To the fulfilment of the foregoing
the united efforts of the, coal miners
of'the western country < will be centered .arid to the' extent that the unit-
ed efforts of men can be utilized, the
aim of'this-, organization will be to
care for the Interests of its members
in. a manner that' will make their lot
in life.more agreeable^and help them
achieve the things that belong to human klrid. ',. "7 ,
, "Our belief is that the best in mankind .will prevail. To the.encouragement of the'best'we pledge our every,
effort. To the mineworkers of this
country we offer a peaceable, intelligent, means to secure this. United,*
intelligent effort will inake our membership progressive, reasoning men,
and ''with * the , opportunity offered
through this organization the problems that Confront men who workwill
be worked out with. intelligence.'
.. ."An'.organization that can adequately care" for the interests of our
membership' is '.' the. desire .fiat
prompts this - amalgamation. .
•:•'"HENRY DRENNAN   ,   7
-     /.-'JOHN R? LAWSON,
' . ''    •    .' 'J.  r7 MONTGOMERY, „
, As   : -  -     A.'v Gv MORGAN. .,
. .The Rocky -Mountain Association is
merely one ,'of, the, district branches
of the United Mine Workers, which ls
formed to*belter the working condi-
tions~of"all "coal-miners in the United
States.. -_;Mr.," Harlin,.wthe   secretary,
will continue' to' make his headquart-
ers in*-Seattle.,.{s?
SOCIALISTS ASK SWEDISH
KING TO ABDICATE
Member of Ridsdag Introduces Resolution  for Establishment 'of a
Republic i
STOCKHOLM,.J..rie 10.-rCarl Lind-
hagen, leader of the advanced wing of
the Swedish Socialists, has been trying
to get action in the second chamber
of the Riksdag on. his resolution looking to the abdlction of the king and
the establishment ot a republic. When'
he. first introduced the measure the
speaker refused to entertain it on account *of the diversity of its provisions, and in this action the chamber
coincided. •
' Llndhagen thereupon came back
with an'amended resolution, bunching
his demands In three clauses.* Thl
speaker admitted for consideration of,
the first two, dealing with the franchise and the abolition of.the first
chamber, and these were adopted. He
rejected, ^however the 3rd clause which
provided for a change of government.
This time the' cnamber overruled the
speaker by a vote of 126 to 50. The
question has now been referred, to a
constitutional committee,' according-.to
parliamentary procedure, in such
cases. 7
The third clause of, the resolution
reads; -      '      ;.  *
"That,-the Riksdag should express
itself in principle for the abolition of
hereditary governing power, and for
the introduction of a state governrnerit
based on the choice of the people,"and
to ask the king to propose the alteration of the fundarnerital laws that the
realization of such an ideal would require. "     ' '' '7
Unusual interest attaches to this
movement from the fact-that at present - Lindha'gen is major of Stockholm.
MINER BURNED
IN   HIS   SHACK
A WeH Known Prospector Meets Sad
Fate at Moyle? British Columbia
~r~ TnTTaele^tesT^ere^taken^abT. utr the"
city, in,.motor-cars and shown the
mines and 'otheiylnterestlng sights.   '
THE   COLLEGE .>TRIKE-*BRJ_;AKER
■' Tho Craw's Neat Pass Pedlar's Ab*
aoclatlon held tholr annual banquet at
tho Sanitarium on Saturday night, nnd
nothing slnco tlio big slido at Frank
has mado such a nolso In tho district!
All tbo commercial men within hall
wero present.
EDMONDS — HARRIS
The marriage of Henry Edmonds
and Amelia Harris was solemnized by
tho Rov, Mr, Dlmmlck of tho Motbo*
dlat Church, on Tuesday ovonlng laat.
C. M. O'Brien, M.P.P., ai)d Alf.
Huddcn havo neon conducting a Socialistic campaign at Blairmoro for
throo days and rod-hot speeches havo
been delivered In the lano between tho
Blairmoro and Cosmopolitan Hotels.
Capitalists and millionaires were seal*
pod wltb tho greatest Impunity, and
tho wbolo atvnosphoro around Bo's
corner smelt sulphuric. Charlie O'Brien
Is n. rood, sound sneaker, and Comrade Budden Is the most aarcaatlo artist Blairmore ever listened to.—Lethbridge Herald.
DISTRICT No. IS
TJ.M.W.o*A.
KOTIOB
ft,
Tbo election for Vi ^-President of Dirt, 18, tJ, 21
W. of A„ wtil tak« place on Towday, Juno Wth.
All tho wemben are requested to record their vote.
0. BTTJBBfl, President
A, JT. 0ARTJ.ll. B#f.,*Trwt».
■'•The college student" is "again'to'the
fore* In the° laudable *vocatlon*"of strike^
breaking. „ In the newspaper strlice In
Chicago the past week "many "of the
drivers of the wagons,-who took the
places of the strikers ..were students'
from the Chicago'university.
The growing disrespect among the
American peoplo for the - supposed
seats of learning is not to be wondered at.- Scarcely a strike'takes place
.nowadays that the college student ls
not enlisted as a strike-breaker or
slugger. ."''•' ,- *
The scab-brooding tendency of.the
present day colleges can work no good
to tho faouty, the students or the nation. There is little hope for any Institution W-thqut principle, and tbe
methods of tho Scab collegian aro but
hastening tho time whon ho nnd bis
kind will be forced to respect tho
rights of tbo workers. *
The Chicago university is fast making history, Only rocontly the Chlca*
go newspapers wore featuring Ub scan*
dal-spreadtng troublos in tho courts.
Now tt is'lonnlng Its students to the
newspapers to tldo them over tholr
strlko troublos.
A fow years ago during a strlko of
tho stock yard employes in tho samo
city strlko-brealcers were put to work
In placo of tho strikers nnd bousod
and on tho promlsoa, Tho waitresses
in tbo employ of tho company refused
to servo food to strlko-broakors and
quit work, But whnt happened? Tho
fomnlo book-keepers and stenographers walked from the offlcos ovor to
tho placo whero tho strlke-breakors
wero rod and took tbo jobs loft by tbo
waitresses, and If ovor tbero was a
strlko that used a moro. degraded class
of strike-breakers wo' hare never
heard of It.
Yet thono glrla that woro supposed to havo moro spirit of refinement
and opportunities than tbo poor waitresses whp had refused to remain In
the samo room with them, did tako
U-tS.r    .WWI,    ulU    MJi.U    ifJUfi    io    WJV
H'WJ-l I'-'HceUw. ti \hvxu Md liumo
(bat was ever rounded up by any employer. *
Tbo male college strike-breaker and
some of our educated females seem to
* . •   i f .. i i. .   , ,    ■ ~' -
Result of Examinations
Under the Goal Mines
Regulation Act
FIRST CLASS CANDIDATES .
J. H. Cunningham,, Lady smth.
H. B. Mlard, Coal Creek.    •
H, Lelghton, South Wellington.,
William Shaw, Canmoro, Alta.
" SJBCOND CLASS CANDIDATES
. William Roper, Nanaimo.
Joseph Lane, Fernie,
Richard Cox, Nanaimo.
R. W. Mayor, Cumberland.
A. Manifold, Nanaimo,
J. Qulnn, Nanaimo, •    ■ •
J. Toukey, Michel;
Chas. O'Brien, Coal Creek.
Peter Myors, Morrltt
J. T. Brown, Morrltt.'
Car. McNay, Pornlo.
S, Richards, Corbln.
J. Stobbart, Nanaimo.
John Hutton, Bellevue, AUa.   ,
THIRD CLASS CANDIDATES
M, Gunnies, Nannlmo.
J," Nlmmo, Nanaimo.      1)'
J. Steel, Coal Crook,
B. T. DavloB, Coal Crook.
II, Davidson, Ladysmltb.
J .Dando, Cumberland,
T, Harvey, Ladysmltb, vv
> O, Gray, Cumberland.
T,    Tully, Nanaimo.
J, Nicholson, Lndysmlth,
R. dourly, Princeton,
J, Hendry, Ladysmlth.
D. Morris, Ladysmlth.
J, Pearson, Nanaimo.
D. J. Gordon, Ladysmltb.
W. Cleaves," Cumberland.'
I. Tuno, Mlebel.
J. Bell, Coal creek. j,
J. i, Jouti*, ki_i_j._u.U__.
R. Johnston, Cumberland.
y-M: P. ;plarjt, .-Cumberland ._ ^ >y-
Awm. 'Nelison.*"Cumberland- - *^'''-
V"*'"'T77 Eccleston,. Cumberland.   • A ■
•Wm. Watkins, Fernie. ,,.*.._,
M. sMeek,'Lady8mIth.    . '
3. McLaughlin^Coal,Creek.
Thos?, Smith,1 South Wellington.
Robt. Walker, Cumberland? ■ .
,, Wallace Starr, Fernio.,
W: S. Rankin, Hosmer. '-
■ Alex. McFegan;' Coal Creek.
Of.the seven candidates who sat in
Fernie "for"firat class' certificate two
wore successful. Ten sat here for
the second class, and sixteen for .third
class. Of .these six and nine respectively were successful.
"CRANBROOK,- June ,12.—Word has
been receivecTin town "of'aterrible fa*-*
tality which - occurred at Moyie. A. >
John Sullivan"-a well known'minor
'and prospector, who was well, kno vn
,hefeabouts, had been hurried to death
,in his shack, on, tbe ;.lake shore.*' No
particulars as to/the; cause of the1 fatality could be'obtained.' '
r Sullivan was around Moyie until-a
late hour last night. Only recently he
was' in this city on his'- way home
from a visit'to.the Eatalla mine,-in
which ho 'is largely, Interested." He
was widely "known as a miner ond
prospector and was generally liked
and respected. ' Ho was about forty
years old, unmarried and an American
citizen, formerly employed In the
Slocan district.'. ; '
NOMINATION
WEDNESDAY
City Clerk Resigns--Finn
is Appointed Supt. of
Civic Power Plant
,A regular meeting of the City Council was held last night? when the following business was transacted:
Sherwood Herchmer, J. R. ' Pollock
and G. G.'Moffatt were appointed City
Band Commissioners. / -_
A court of revision, consisting of "   i
Mayor Bleasdell and Aldermen Broley, ... -
Graham,   Brown  and   Morrison,   was*  ,
appointed and will meet Tuesday, July*
23,-for the purpose of hearing objections to assessments'- for 1912.
Nominations  foA'a' successor  kP   '
Alderman Dlcken, who has resigned,
has been fixed for Wednesday next, ..
June 19, and election, If necessary, on
Saturday following, June 22. ,
,   Mark  Owen-1 was  appointed  driver
for Fire Department team at a salary
of $75 o  rnonth. '
'   The resignation of City Clerk Bar-'
clay was read arid regretfully accepted.      Mr.  Barclay  has. accepted the    ,
position of accountant in the Forestry   *
Department at Victoria, and leaves to
take up hls^new duties on July 1.
Sherwood .Herchmer appeared for a ■
few firms who applied for a reduction   '
of their power bills so as to give them
an opportunity of competing with other cities in,their respective manufacturing of articles.     Aid., Brown and ,
Graham were appointed a committee"
to look into the matter.',
J. E. Finn ""was appointed', supt. of , ,
the electric light and-power, plant at v '
a' salary of $150 a" month.. «  ,-     '
•License Commissioners Graham and
Johnston with Acting-Mayor Broley, in
i___WhMr..__,hiW^
GLAD8TONE LOCAL NO. 2314
NOMINATIONS
ferent wltb somo of tho college girls,
In recent strikes In New York city,
Philadelphia and Boston college girls
took an active part, not aa strikebreakers but as pickets and bondsmen; In fflf-t, tha college glrla were
big factors in tbe victories of the atrlk
lng irlrls.
A maaonle aervlce of Lodge A. F.
and A. M. win be bold In the Knoi
Presbyterian Cburch on Sunday even-
lng. June It. at IJLtL The preacher
win be tbe Rev. Alexander Dunn, who
was tho first Presbyterian clergyman
In Fernie.    He was bere In ItM.
The following aro the nominations
for Secretary ani. Chockwolghnifiii
elect ions to take place on Tuo 31 Iny,
..lino 18.
FOR SECRETARY
THOS. UPHILL,
W. L. PHILLIPS,
ALBERT DAVIES. ■
FOR   CHECKWEIGHMEN
(Four to bo elected)
HY, MARTIN.
W. PATTERSON,
DAVID PATON,
J. HOWBROOK,
.T. E. SMITH,
J.' W. GRAY.
ONE MAN ONE VOTE WILL, RULE
Asquith Promlaes Electoral Reform of
Outstanding Significance
last, the, licenses of all the" hotels arid,
wholesale liquor houses :in the-town   -
being.renewed.-     '- '. A ■-,-    *. '
. Police Commissioners "Brown " and' -
Moffatt, with Acting-Mayor? Broley in, .
the chair,,  hcldn a- meeting-/ during-/
,tbo ,'r week.'    The "A appointment'' of,
Chief Constable Hall was confirmed .
at a^ salary of • $125.     Cor stable Am- J
berman was-given a fortnight's leave
of absence with full pay to date from .
June 1.    The Chief was Instructed to
enforce" the law against gambling in
the city.   , The Athletic Association
asked permission'to hold a.boxlng.conA"
test under their auspices on July 1.
The two commissioners were In favor
but hte Actntg-Mayor refused tb.slgn
tbo order. ...
LONDON, Juno 12—Promlor Asquith
announced In tbo Houso of Commons
yoHtorday that a fnrnohlso reform bill
would bo Introduced at an enrly dato,
Tho bill, as drafted, will glvo ono mnn
ono voto, on a short rosldontlnl qualification, with tbo simplest possible
form of registration, tho latter being
at tho publlo oxponso. The clause,
may bo added, Tho official womnn
fixing nil tho elections on ono nny
sulfrago amendment to tho bill cannot hn forthcoming until tlio hill Is
printed.  Thero will probably bo somo
il-UtlUliOil  tvaHtlilUX  VtOUitsli  Svivta.
TU- teitfi-j' In JJ5..3.' If mum*
trouble.
OZNAM
8P0J. HAV. 8EV. AMERIKY
RIGHT LEG CUT OFF-
LEFT  FOOT  AMPUTATED
Miner  Fell  Off Frelflht Train  With
Probable Fatal Reaults
LETHBRIDGE, Juno 12.-A Finn
employed at Number 3 mine mot with
a shocking nccldent this morning
whon in somo unaccountable manner
bo toll between tho cars of a wny
freight en route to Cardaton on which
ho had botm riding. The unfortunate
mnn' had his right log cut off abovo
tho kneo while his left foot wob almost
cut off. Tho sufferer was brought to
tho city on a hnnd enr nnd on arrival modlcal aid was colled but not
being avallablo at tho tlmo the pollco
called tho flro department, wbo got
the fli'st'clinnce of rendering first nld
to tho Injured. Tho C. P. R, physicians subsequently arrived on the
scono nnd after a hasty examination
tho poor fellow was rushed to tho hospital whoro he was placed under an
annosthollc, whllo the doctors attended to his Injuries, Tho peculiar thing
aUout the accident Is tbat nono of tho
crew of tho freight train appoarea
to havo soon the unfortunate man fall
nr It wns not until tho train had pn-ts-
ed on somo distance tbat bo was tils-
covorod In his helpless condition, Ho
has a chance for recovery, lie does
not speak English and his nnme wan
net avallablo today.
Friends of Mra. Joannntlo Paton will
bo pleased to hour that sho la progreb-
sing favorably.     Mra. Paton whilst
trilnfortm*.. .0 frrvftur/t bor collarbone
COUNTY COURT
Judge Thompson hold county court
yesterday. Two applications for na-
turalizatlon wore refused, ono on'the'
ground that ho had not been In tbo
country tho required numbor ot yonrs;
the othor for the reason that the J P.
beforo whom the nppllcatlon was mndo
did not sign his full nnd propor title,
Judge Wilson contending that "Justice of tho Poaco" should have lieon
written out In full Instead of tho initials "J.P," only.
Judgment was reserved In tho sa«o
of tlie Crow's Nest Trading, Co, vs.
Otto Molr. Tho action waH for iho
recovery of $300 for -Jesuit of clothing.
Tho dofondnnt claimed that tbo suit
wns such a misfit that ho could not
wear lt. Ho was nuked to put the
suit on, nnd hnvlng roturnod to court-
with It on It wnn examined, nnd its
stnted nbovo, Judgment reserved.,
FERNIE FOOTtJALL TEAM
The team selected to bent Bollovuo
tomorrow (Saturday) Is na follows:
Adnmaon; Shields, Whltolaw; flwoo-
ney, Mnnnlng nnd Burr; Booth, Join-
hod, II, AdnniHon, Wntnon and Hurt-
woll.     Reserve: Thornton.
Grand stand 2f!r. • Indloa free.
Ilcforoo:   A. Wellington.
Dont forgot Itn pny dny, nnd ns tho
Secrotary anplontly remnrka:: "We
ennt run a team on amtlost"
\
LOCAL STARTED CARRYING
MAIL MONDAY MORNING.
Tho mall nervlco on tho morning
.mln* on«t nnd   evenlnir   weHt,   was
atnrtod on Monday.
. .Volta tut poaVprediedu t Dist. 18, 8. H. 8. A,
budo ia odblvat v "Utorek dna 18 Jnny. Vietcy
udova iu povolany recordovat ich hluy.
0. STUBBS, President,
A. J. CARTER, 8«c..TreM.
I
A VV1SQ
MINATORI UNITI D 'AMERICA
AWIBO
Si fa note ai membri del Dlstretto 18 che il giorno 13 del corrcntc mcac avranne luogo le olosdoni
per 11 Vice-Preiidento del detto diatretto, perolo
tutti i membri son rchiestl dl recant alle time.
C, STUBBS, President.
A. J. CARTER, Sec.-Trttts.
, 'I' --
-<>' 1-1 '■ -t' -.-
-r^-^jy™™
reT^ '-T^nr
TTT" \
?r^q
7 -1- y>y* ^.t."'-}"-"' .-. * ■ -•y *-i-A      ^^'A^-^vy"? •*- ■-
-* ,"    -"     :-"'*..    -" "   '  - "  -1 .  ■ ' '" " .**'''",./, "   ,""* A"-=-" i?"!'"-.. '7:*--* "
. 7"--   *  <■-■-■_■"'<     ..''     >- , "'   *->r"'v* "'* *■*"  '• y-   "AA "7 "f'lr:*' '   :
-..* *,'■>. .--'7'-.' -v x
PAGE TWO
tTHE>I^RIOT.;iJ^ VyX Xs;SyySy7y;;\y.yfXlS
The Impossibility
■By.James E." Fisher,'iri the Manchester (England),-,SocialistVfleview.
I.—INDUSTRIAL     AMALGAMATION
The suggestions for the amalgamation of all existing trade, unio'ns.-in. a
particular industry,into one organization to cover the whole of that industry, appears, if only on account.of the
- favor which these ideas are, finding in
the eyes of some labor-*'men, to" call
for rather closer examination than
tliey have hitherto received. ' I pro
pose, therefore, to consider how far
these proposals are practicable, and
also whether beneath,. their apparent
simplicity, there do not lurk difficulties hitherto unknown to—or Ignored
by—the enthusiastic advocates of'Industrial unionism. A further nrticle
wil lexamlne thc aims and objects of
these new trade-unionists, and will
discuss the propriety of support of
these aims and objects by members of
the Independent Labor party.
It is proposed that every groat industry such as, for instance, engineering .cotton, or coal, the trade unions
at present maintained by different
sections of workers in each industry,
shall abandon their several independent existence, ' and shall together
form one' great amalgamated union
open to every person earning his live-
' lihood in any section of the industry.
By this means, it is urged the "curse
of sectionalism" will be laid, and by
joint action on the part of all concerned the emancipation of the workers will be achieved. Could anything
be simpler?
Let ns apply this doctrine to concrete instances, and see how it has
happened that these sectional organizations have come into being. Trade
unions are not formed for the,fun of
the thing; a most, cursory examination of the history of workmen's combinations will demonstrate that those
who formed them were in deadly
earnest and firmly convinced that by
Jhis means only could they protect
tneir interests.    If, therefore, section
al trade "unions exist, it is a fair Inference that, they exist for the protection of the Interests of the particu-  —    —  =- , —- ,— -,"«>
lar section of workers of which they in almost every Industry.    Readers of
i
are composed.' Any attempt to merge
these sectional organizations' Into one
all-embracing ■   amalgamation    union
which does not take into account' the
■ interest which .promoted the formation   of   those   organization's   seems,
.Therefore, Joredoomed._to.failu're.——i—
Let us'look at-ono oi  two of tie
principal trades in which" t he   "curse
„   of sectionalism"   is   rampant;    In   a
-    cotton spinning mill are to be found
.  employed cai-droom operatives, mule
spinners, and piecers;    the adjacent
weaving shed -will _ employ' weavers
* (male and female) overlookers, twist-
ers and drawers, warpers and beam,
ers, tape sizers, and tenders.   Each of
these sections of'workers has Its own
trado union.'*   "This will never do,"
cries our" advocate of amalgamation.
"All these people work In the same industry for thc same employer, upon
the samo raw'material," and produce
for the Bame market. ' With all their
interests In common, obviously, they
ought to bo all ln one common union."
Again, could anything be simpler?
Let us, however, look a littlo closer
Into tho problem and try to find the
reason for these sectional organizations. Why, for instance, should the
tape slzer not bo ln the same association as tho,weavers? In the -first
place, the number of tape sixers required ln a shed employing about 200
weavers is only threo or four, and In
the second place tho tapo slzors nro
paid a fixed weekly wago of about 2
, guineas, whoroas the weavers qro paid
hy the piece, ond onrn from 14 shillings to 20 (.hillings por weok. Tho
result of those differences Is not only
a tremendous difference In tho atra*
toglc strength of,tho two sections, hut
also a very considerable variation ln
the financial and trado Interests of
l)o(h. The tapo slzors nro able to pny
a high weekly contribution which Is
quite beyond tho means of the woav-
ors, nnd by reason of their hlKhly specialized skill, tho difficulty—If not lm-
poHHlblllty of replacing them, und
tlio small proportion which their
wages boar to tho total com of production, nood no offices or snlnrlod officials, and nro nhlo to disburse tholr
fluids on nmplo sick nnd funeral bono-
fits. Tho weavers, on tho othor liand,
nre obllRPd to maintain n highly
sWIlort professional staff to oomputo
nnd maintain tholr <>_irnlnRH under tho
eiiormoiiHly complicated nnd Intricate
pleco work lists, Tho othor soctlons
have, each of thorn, peculiar roqulre-
ments, spinners differing from beam-
ers und drawers, and ovorlookors from
all tho others, Further, tho moments
of Hlrntoirln mlvnTltnt*-/-. .llffur frnn, */._-.
tlon to section, It would milt tho *pln-
ners, probably, to movo for nn advance
whllo the weaving soctlon was stilt
depressed, Differences of method still
further oomplicnto matters. The tnpo
nil-era would probably vrotor tn cnn-
rertod stoppage of work the silent
withdrawal of ono man, after another
—a method whleh, In tholr caso,
would be very offoctlvo, as readers of
Industrial Democracy will recognise.
It would niwoar from tho foregoing
tlmt It la prsM.tlu.lly Impossible to devise any constitution which would en-
altlu tlu.no Mictions of cotton operatives to form an amalgamated union
without itacrlflclng the financial |_nd
trade Interests of ono or all of the different sections. In other words there
Is no inch thing as the "Cotton Indus*
t-V." tUfct, U lo say, art abaolutely ho-
mogsneoua mast of workers with one
intorest "and one purpose.   The question, is not so' simple after all.    '.-.
.Turn';'we to " engineering. Surely
thinks the reader,-tliere are no such
difficulties here, Surely every mechanic employed at Armstrong's or Maxim's must have the same interests
and be in the same union as all the'
other' workers i In the same establish?-*
ment. A little closer, examination"
will, however, disclose the fact that in
a great engineering establishment of
today thero are to be found distinct
groups of workers, as clearly marked
oif from each other, and differing as
widely in the methods of; remuneration and ' the strategic strength; as
thoso which we found among the cotton operatives. To name only a few,
there are pattern makers, boiler makers, iron founders, smiths, fitters,
turners and erectors, together with
lowlier grades, such as the ."holders-
up." Take only two of Jhese, the pattern workers and the smiths. The
former work in wood at a high time
rate, the latter at the forge and are
paid by plec'e. When trade begins to
revive'after a period of depression, the
advancing wave reaches the pattern
makers first, and if they want to re-
ccver the wages lost In'the previous
depression tliey must move for an advance, while all the rest of the engin-'
eering industry is still on short time.
If, therefore, pattern makers .and
smiths were both in the same union
the, smiths would'be called out -jn
strike in support of tlie pattern .rakers, while they "themselves were on'
short time, with a large number of
their particular craft unemployed.
Here, again, we see that the conception ' of industry as a homogeneous whole breaks down. We see that
in point of fact there are even within
the area of what is usually called a
"trade" small bodies of specialized
workers, each sufficiently distinctive
in character to claim separate consideration. - > _■ -
_ Thesedlfferences are*always ignored
by * those ' enthusiasts of "amalgamation" who emerge from; time to time
• --,v* ->£-,st,Thi.- •• i. ",-;,•;> vfj^i.-cv^Tr-T'
letanat class,'but also "7"a> speculative
stock -market?" Again,1 there-.; cannot
but ensure^a "competitive^stniggle^between the different unions'as^processes
and "methods? of Jndustry-"'eha_.gei,an'd
develop,'"-f6|;rtrades, are. r in"^ohtlnual
perplextiy^a'syo*. the;boundaries?^
tween ^the^^witness1-, the">demarca?.
tion dispuf^sAconstantly. taking -place"
between ^ngineers,"" ■>", boiler' rmakefa,
shipwrights;"^joiners arid plumbers,,.to
mention,pnlyjone^or two'cases?^as to
the apportionment of certain -iwofk. A
Thesey objections, ..obvious, as- they
must. be7toV,.those who ■ have;even '"th©
remotest!'acquaintance witliJ'Kthe3_n6d-
*'ern Industrial. s'ystemAappeaAiiotAtb
have* occurred':,' to*- the" Syndicalist.
Neither'.does 'the' more '• immediately
Important question:,. Kow is-the transfer of_ the industries from 'their present owner's "tothe,unions tobe effect?'
ed? Like the early Christians; the
Syndicalists appear to think that'ine"
Day of Judgment of the present order
is at hand'.and that such" questions-
are .tlier'efore, irrelevant and do riot'
matter ..It may be urged that the
foregoing' objections are'purely, theoretical, aud would, in ' practice be
proved to be unfounded.   Let us look,
ism.,";. It appears to be'quite seriously
believed- by/our," Syndicalist friends'
that it is possible:'for the workers, em-
ployed.-ih every'industry to walk into
factory,workshop, mine'or warehouse
one fine rooming, .to send for the.em-"
ployer<dr manager and inform ""* him
that ttiey propose to consider the factory or mill, to be their property,", and
to conduct it, for their own benefit/
How this is to be done in tlie teeth
of a hostile armed government, we. are
not told, but putting that on one side,
let us consider whether our friends are
justified in describing their objects as
being "Socialism." This object is the
seizing of the means of production,
distribution and exchange by' the
workers and the owning and "controlling thereof by the actual workers engaged   iu   each   Industry.     By   this
means it Is said there will bo secured  - ,         -,	
to every worker the full produce of therefore ,tnto the history of such as
his,or her labor, and tho Socialist soclatlons of.workers of this chavao-
Commonwealth   will   be  established? t(r.r """* *        *""~        **"*
That this is no travesty of the object  to   _   	
of Syndicalism, let their/own writings  tl-ey have been successful,
testify,   i FronTthe Industrial Symlt-     Between 1870 and 1874 a number of
calist, No. 6, page 10 and 11, I take*  attempts were made'by engineers, iron
'.he following statement:    "Industrial  Wl~"' J """' ""'
Sidney, and Beatrice Webb's "History
of Trade Unionism" , will' remember
the attempt of 1833-34 to form a national ** "Builders''1 Union,"' which was
to Include the seven different sections
of building operatives.';; In- 1844;' and
MR______Jn____18_63._ythe_,coai^in_iiners.aU
tempted to combine In one, amalga
maetd union every   person   employed
In or about the mines from one end
of the kingdom to another.    Between
1840 and 1850 attempts were made to
form    amalgamations,, in    the    Iron
trades.    These attempts'all failed, and
the caus eof their failure, it seems to
me, is to be found in the overlooking
or Ignoring on the part of the promo-'
ters of these projects of sectional interests. * The Amalgamated Society of
Engineers is a case in point.   The ob-
ject of William Newton, who formed
that famous society, was the Inclusion
in one national organization of all engineering" mechanics, an Idea carried
on, and now revived and preached by
Mr,.Tom Mann and others."  The ref
suit of this policy has been that by,no
section whatever of engineering mechanics has tho Ideal of Nowton bo<n
reallzod.    The pattern   makers,   the
stonm engine makers, tho Bmlths, the
brass workers and othor soctlons nre
none of thorn to be found to any ox
tont sufficient for effective trade pur-
pines, united tn one rtoclety,   And fur
HI this confusion, duo to a blind .mr.li-
lug of tho l'ullcy of amalgamation, Id
enthusiastic adherontB rreach tho one
remedy of an oven wider amalgamation, which Is as If an old timo surgeon who hnd reduced a patient, to
unconsciousness by too zealous cupping should attempt to rovlvo Ills vie-
tlm by still further lotting of blood.
To pum up tho argument. I sug-
goat to my frlonds, tho Industrial
unionists that the following conclusions mortl tholr serious consideration, namely, that tho cxlstonco of
sectional trado unions within tho area
of groat InduBtrloB gooa to show that
sectional Intorosts oxlBt; that In tho
opinion of' tho mombors of those
unions tholr Intorosts nro hotter aorvod
hy tholr noctlonnl organizations thai
thoy would lm hy one gront nmnlga-
mntod union covering tho wholo Industry; thnt lo lho disregard of thoso
sectional Intoroats Ih to ho trncod tho
fnlluro of previous attempts to "amalgamate by Indiifltrlos," and that for
tho snmo reason tho prosont attempts
to tho same end will moot with the
same fate. Amalgamation of unions
which compolo for momborB In tho
snnie trado, Huoh as tho two unions of
carpenters, Ih not only highly dealr-
able, but qulto feasible, because both
organizations Include nnd cater for
...«..<_-_:_ii ».t.*...oii8 of workmen, tit.
fectlve amalgamation of unlom* la limited by the borders of.tbc trade* con-
icriiod, and tho problem which has to
ho solved Is, therefore, that of defining
*. tune, i tiat problem 1 Invito Industrial unlonlati to conalder, and I (ear
thoy will rind It not so simple, aftor
all.
II.—TRADE UNION CAPITALISM
In the foregoing I have dlacuasod
the mod« of organization known as
Industrial nnlonlam. Wo mny now
conalder tho object to be attained hy
moans of that mode of organisation,
It Is, we are told, the overthrow of
capltallam, and the eatabllahment of
Socialism, which la to be the aim of
the new industrial movement—rather
a "laTge order" lor trade unionism,
even for •,ravoIotlonftry,, trade anion*
workers and coal miners'of tne north
of England to, set up., self-governing
workshops. Amongst others'were the
Oiiseburn Engine. Works, tho Scottish
Iron Worlcs,    the    Oldham,.' 'Apsley,
„_ w „__„_,. Sheffield Engineering,, Iron'and. Coal
The ' union   move1- Works, all of which came to utter disaster.    In these ill-starred adventures
the trade unions concerned lost some
-.-£60,000.' Further, it* was -found .that
these.workshops were' conducted'*at
least qutie as badly as, and the workers, ' other .than the ' shaerholders,
treated no-better than they, would
have been- under the worst employers,,
and this is often the case in such associations of producers as have survived to the present day. Mrs. Webb,
in her'study -'of "The Co-operatlvey
Movement In Great'"Britain,"" gives
several, instances of this.'
Perhaips the moBt potent cause ' of
the failure1 which -has.' befallen- cooperative production is the want of
administrative discipline, and -I, suggest that the-same danger lies iri wait
for the Syndicalist organization of In-,
dustry.. It is to be presumed that the
railways will be managed by directors
chosen by the whole body of employes^
and that station masters, for example
will,be elected by the porters. I.h'ava
only to say, thatjsuch a form of ad-
unionlsuj'is working class Socialism.
. . ■;., :The industrial- unionists seek
to, unite all the workers of an industry into one union . y y\ to" effect
their emancipation from the system
of wage slavery
ment is'the "only one capable of unlt-
ing/the workers as a class on" the
grounds; of. their economic interests.
The real interests of the workers are
the full?proceeds of their labor, their
productive energy; and this necessarily means the taking into possession of
the mines, railways, -factories and
mill by' those who operate them." -It
seems evident from the foregoing that
by "Socialism" "our friends mean to
denote a social system organized bn
the lines of the ownership and control
of each;industry by the workers.organized in industrial unions, of the
railways "by the railway servant, of
the* mines'"by a Miners' Union, and
presumably of the schools by the National Union of Teachers. "
..Now,'whether we consider that to
be a" deBirable system of society or not,
I may,'11 .hope,' be permitted to point
out ■ that - the substitution for one
owner,or set of owners of the means
of production, of another set of owners
Jloes__nbthing7whatever_to-remove-, eleven reform "that, "private ownership
of the means of life" to which we So--
cialists ascribe the poverty of the
masses. A'factory owned by a joint
stock association of the workers employed in that factory, is privately
owned and controlled) and tho profits
go to enrich private individuals in
either case,
Land, whether the property of
ducal magnates or. of an Agricultural
-Laborers' Trade Union, is in,' either
case private property, and in-either
case the whole of'tho economic,ront
of the land,will be taken not by the
community,' to -'whom it rightfully belongs,'but to the owners of the land.
Whatever, therefore, is meant by the
SyndlcallBtfl* "Socialism;" cloarly "the
overthrow.of capitalism" ' cannot bo
tlieir object, since their proposals
would .effect; not- the overthrow, but
tho perpetuation of capitalism; of the
systom that ls, which permits ot tho
Individual appropriation of the fruits
of social Industry.
Of a similarly non-SoclalUtlo character nlao ls.tho claim to "the wholo
product of labor," Whnt this amounts to la to claim for tho individual
worker tho whole "rent" of his bu-
porlor strongth or ability, than whleh
a moro purely Individualistic claim
novor was put forward—ovon by, the
Liberty and Proporty Defense League,
The student of trndo unionism will
rpcognlzo ln those proposals a surprisingly exact survival of cortain Ideas ot
Robert Owen. Like Owon, tho Syndicalists bollovo that It is possible, by a
universal non-polltlcnl combination of
wage- earners, to ralao wnges and to
Bhortont hours to such an oxtont as to
achlove the "Social novolutlon"; llko
Owon, thoy disregard the function of
tho brain worker as tho organlzor of
Industry; Mlko Owon, thoy Jiold that
manual labor Is of Itsolf tho creator of
all value, We hnvo here, In fact, nn
liiHtonco of tho evil that Owen did liv-
lng aftor him, ovll bocnuso In IiIb life
lime theso Ideas led to tho collnpso of
trndo nnlonlam In 1834, nnd, as tho
Syndlcallat movement shows even now
mnny yoars aftor his death still have
sufficient vitality to thronton tho trado
union world of our day with sorlous
Injury.
Lot us oxnmlno those proposals a
llttlo cloBor.    In tho first place, It la
r*Jivl.-.M*. fl**f ."./,.» f,...   ,,, i i    ,<     , *
.,..-1   .»-.t„    -»...v....b  LU  in%J  unlit*.
formntlnn of the tMflf. unions late
huge Joint atnok companies owning tlio
entire moans of production In tholr
Industry nnd (apparently) aubjoet to
no control by tho community   wlmt>
4-vor      They    will   v«   j* «  ..,^111.,,
therefore, to.oloae their ranks and to
admit frcah generations or workors as
omployos only at competitive wages,
thus creating a now "capitalist clan"
nnd   a   new "proletariat.'    Doaldea
thero are sure to no amongat so large
a body of shareholders nomo Improvl-
den» (Arsons who, i_ order to ho aW*»
to spend their capital, will  sell  their
shares to tho hlgheit bidder;   theso,
with their children, will drop Into tbe
new proletariat, whilst others, mora     Not one single workingman wm «w
enterprising, will sell their shares Is appointed a member of the Canadian
order to buy those of other and mors Senate from 1867 to 1911, Indoalr*.
protitab-e trades. Thua there win da- Mo.nl.ert must t» worth $IXM
velop not only a capitalist and ■ pro- «nallfr
"ministration Is utterly Impossible in
industry,so highly organized as lt is
at the present" day. No sentimental
views about .the superior virtues of'the
- workingman* can blind any ordinarily
Intelligent person" ,o the "absurdity of
such proposals, and as such a form of
management is essential to the Syndicalist scheme, it-.Is"needless to labor
the argument further.'., With factories
managed by riien; appointed by those
working in them; nothing-but disaster
can be expected., j The unfortunate
manager who "dares to, reprimand a
slack 'workman will find himself on
the .carpot at the next meeting of. tho
governing body; ' arid If he is rash
enough to, dismiss^ a -.recalcitrant,'
Heaven help him!7 Surely; this ft so
obvious that it is needleso to press it?
Syndicalism, therefore, wtilch professes to be an organized attempt to
overthrow tho capitalist ' oystam is
ehown to bo moroly an lmprnctliublo
scheme for arbitrarily rediatrlbdtlng
tho capital of the country, .without altering or superseding tho capitalist
system in the least. Unscientific iu its
mode.of, action, Impracticable in Its
method of organization, and vainly
B.r.vJr.s to achieve an Impossible ern,
lt must sooner or lator return'to that
dusty obscurity In which It hnd hotter
far linvo been allowed to remain,
ore Feet
CHAFED PLACES.
■.'B.LISTE'RS.Ac,
Are your feet hot.
sore and blistered?
Ifso, try Zam Bulc.
_ As   soon  as
Zam-Buk is applied
itcoolsandsoothes
injured smarting
skin and tissue.
a Its rich, refined
herbal   essences
{tenetrate the skin;
ts antiseptic properties preventoll «
dangcroffestcrtojr
or inflammation
from cuts or sores;
and Its hsollng  ettmcts
build up new healthy tissue.
For aUngi, stMbotm, cuts.
hm-ftl, hr-ilim    •*(•__ !..»•  «•
offecUvs.       A    '  * r   '
ItotUn Ciii_l_t_nv___a__bk fiw
fi
MiehelJxcalsiop;
-   '*■'. A7 7y-'   "-'-..•-••:■■> .  -
■^    ■ .•*>_'- v..:,.-*;.iy>.f -,   ;. >.*>;"-*! *
■0 r^lMsfe.
;-." v*-".
-.«}.
».'.'. -*-._*•
;~"vr"'!  -y>y'Siy'yy $-}■''?, ■
: Nowy open for Sy-
' 7,,   .'; Eng^me'nts 7 7 I
■•■'' _^7 A'A '.>Av->'A1'' A'A"'-.<-V"'-"•".
1 "> >\
Social;?
1 ~ - y ■-' '-■ ■".' ' .•'
Parties, Etc.?
 * A'*a > / 1 -r A A
Reasonable Terms
"- '-1 ■*-1 -
v      Apply.?.'.
ED. R0YLE, Pianist, MICHEL
r___
W. A..INGRAM
*   Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
A       Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
v   '.*".■,•.-■       *-■'.. - *''
Coffee and Sandwich
•■■X ' -Counter '«'■■ f y
A    A     -      .   •*■-    ?"    "<-    "'"   .    :,.7
-" Hazeiwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
1 f. .      -     ' *-  y,
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
The Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
• 11
G. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta,
Electric Restorer for Men
PIlOBDhonol rettore-j every nerve la the body
l__!,M**"*'.m, ".to III proper tenelon t reitorei
vim and vitality, Premature decay and all eexual
weiknei- avorlod at ence. 1-lioipJioiol will
make you a new man., Price J J a box. or tw _ fw
15. Malleil to any addreai. *»• Sootall Drnf
Co,. St. Cftth__r.ii«i, Ont.
For Sale it Qlaasdell'a Drug 8tor#
Vaccination has about as much effect upon omallpox as boly wator has
upon a bunch of sins. Ono Is a medical and the othor a religious,superstition.—-Tho Lodge.
Av^ •-. -'-.''-Ary   *■ -,y '7. ^
'IDtfiUitW'
^Q 0f\b*(.d!s'
*   ■ ,y -7 t|V> ^  .    '"_   "■
;           ahdr—7—r.
Living? Prices1
'■*■'.   „.\'«l!.         ,    -.*
V'biy'Gobdsi'^B^^^
.*•-■• a."'-\.7.7*:^C:.?y> V'y. <-'.* -A*',-Ay■,-•?.'
V.*7A ,f Men's Furnishings AfA<l?
.  y'Groceries, Fruits-and':;' y
-Provisions 'A       ?
'' ' j.      * -* <!***>      '
v'7   ,,,''-'?/"S-7 ' A   ..- A A ■ 7," *
:, •_;\   -y -:*," ,7 \*v *■.-.:,.^v      -   .
Bellevu-e, Alta.
.—• ■ 11
>.-"*■}     i'  "
'fi
'.
,    • 7  ; We have just opened piir large spring ship-A ' 7; A
ment of of thesei'ambus shoes and have the;
.7 .     best range.of $4.50, $5, and $60,shoe's ever; -,.A ;.
"'•> ... shown in. Hosmer. A See, thenewstyles dis-.    S;'S'
'"'    • played this week, in south window;,.    ,' .'  '•    '" ,
Hosmer
A,   MIUS   &   SON
B. C.
:xy
■■■ :-u
,11 <*
!7
.'"•-i?
Hillcrest, Alta.
'        1 . tl ' 1        u *- * > ^1 *>    "
Clean and Gomfbrtiable
\Ta,sty Meals      >
-. i7'-       'l*v' , ,,
•   " *v   ' '" "^T~""""" '   .  '  ,' A A -*   *''   "7
Choice Wines, Liquors and Cigars
;    /„ H.J. CUNNINGHAM,'Proprietor A
"?;   :
MmmMs
\
S   '.A We^ carry a full line of     ,. .. . A   ".,.;
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
1  r . , ■_        1 ,   . ..•■> 1
Priceia Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or,money back
Phone 103        r:        Frank, Alta:.
.?■
Special Sale of Flatware
'Bone-handled Tea or 'Dinner KnlveB, nt |1,25 per bait doz.*,
1885 ^Wallace Bros, Tea or Dinner knives, |2.00 per half doz. >
% Doz. only Dinner KnlveB,'boot plate, $1.75 -    ■
J/i Doz, only Toronto, Stiver Plate Tea KnlveB, $2.25.
1847 Rogers' Bros. Dinner Knives, $2.00 per,half doz.      <    <
Rogers' Bost Plated "Table Spoons at 45c. oaoh. '   '     ,,
Wm. Rogers and Son Table Spoons $1,75-per half doz,
1847. Rogers' Bros. Table-Spoons, ".2,75 per half. doz. .   .
1847 Rogers' Bros.:Dessert Spoons $2.60 per half doz,,     • .    '
Tea.and Dinner Forks, bost plate, $1.75.per.half doz. ,
Win, Rogers' and Son Dinner Forks, $1,50 per - half- doz. ,
Wm. Rogers' and Son Al Toa Forks, $1,75 per half doz. .
A. C.  LIPHARDT,   JEWELER
.1
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
And Nothing but tho Bott In Froth
and Smoked Moati, Froth and
Smokod Pith, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc. Etc., go to '
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager >    PHONE 41
,   '
Hillcrest do-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries. Dry Goods* autd General Merchandise,
Fay Day Specials
1 Onl, Cans Standard Apples 48 .    '
1 Qui. Caiw SUudard Apples 4B
Hoyal Shield Baking Fowdor, 10 o* 28    ,
11 Our Host Floor, 98's  *3,20
Totloy'B Famous No. 8 Tea per lb ,(.30
Cliivcs' JcIHcb (In QUrh Tumblers) each 28
,   i, (Damson, Apple or Blackberry) ''
L-.rnoim; per do/.. 30
A fresh shipment of Fot&toei from B, 0. has1 just arrived.    Also & fresh supply of Fruits and
Vegetables in season. '' *
Cone and look over our Store. All Profits Divided Amongst Otutomen..
Remember this is the People's Store—Owned by the People—Managed by the People—for the
benefit of the People. *'V    (7fE->v^'A7"'
*\       ',--      fc ^_c\.
PAGE THEM
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ImaSI h^lig^ ihitig want to share it wiih their
,AA7'^yA'A,iA7Ayi i;y. y"-' ^A^7»^A A'A?;.-,   7-    ■   "*?V       ,«.; 3: *Ao ,: A    u    ' y,      % -^      ',-,".-' v-        ..       .y *   . v    .--,     .-     - ^,.  -
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neiCiWOfsiiBth^ camps neai
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^ a^Aa.; vTheCo-Qperatiye' Store usually sells "Better Goods" at the lowest prices of
>■ m__\'r-r ,,-,-   y'  y*      fl'. '7, , *&       '«  '«   * °. •     , -''' '*   7 - * ,V_< ,s?,     " " j   ^
I"'-t^S■^"ji<^";;^";!^ •v^i^te,- district:and shares oiit-tlie surplus;twice eacli. 'year.A> -To show'you the'-'
■■■■BKMS*B______a_i_^_nH____BH_SHS_HB*S______^^ l' A  *■'        ,       j       I      , A' r ? ^!. '    v v<    |, T, \ V^„^
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. v,"^y;^A^?,- v  a--, -y >. :,y.v. >-^---- ,-^,:.^^ ,^, ,v,y; y,  y children and men, -we^have planned to a '' ■, a1 y * *■ 'A-  ^sy- - -,., •   ' .
..'•%^yir: .^sy:/-yftf-f '^y Ciy.yi 4<y*S   ■    A  7-,-'A'i;-A-    , • '"--.A  „.\""77-  '".--    '■'"•    :?"",7AA ,". AA'7»- ,    -1' .'!,./,v* •    ;"     -"■''yy'. ''7 '     A  "A    \v -  * 7^' ^'S :'   S
7.'7s;-*■'»■',''', 7%, ■ - fl- y ,-», ..^S^-  A'J \m\ ' BH^.V;' H - \" 7*7      AL,   -H -•-■tm-v -    i.| ?v,       B    . ' „'., '--'^Il -.''N *''m0m^-' '7'*"*" L ""
l    _______________ -'_______' ■' .V^ ^aalL? -._____________■    -,'7'" ______r^-^T____i.,___________»_..'?____■______. ■___________■'     i . H^^B''___■______>'____■ ■' _______________ «* ____■______.' 11 _________________ '.'" , ___BA;' 7H___a_____.   '______________.>   _______________.,«■'____■> ___■ __________L__i  '______________.    In    ___■__>"     JL   ______________    ____■_____■        ' _______L^B '    —     ^° ______>       "'      ____.____■
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'A-. ATA,«-
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Days Commencing Pay Day, June 15
7,7'iy^^7.AI# A-<r-yA,-A*'"7'AA777,-A.'' >y/7"*A-^;?-'7y ^     y  -: ,-A." , .;.\f^^*-''* A  •  '".Vy, •t^^Cyyy.A,'*'   v    |#  /  7'A'i.,ry;    B {t-'.,*M":A*  *  ,  7    . ' '.
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..delivexed.? freeatpryour nearest,railway station:(if, required.)r *'y:;yyI
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While your ownyCo-Operatiye( Store ?is being developed. s {r'"*^et>
•the habit" by sending in for DryG(;o6ds, '&^oe&^^j^Yr^.ii^
7'* *' _ ,*.' ■**•-•" *VA'*t *" * **
• f     «s> i,
.,,<,, ,** .."j,
I ^1      **  ,-V|.<]:*i^,
?The ^DomM6ii,Gloyernmeritlvhavinff extended the close season
;fbr -Trout TPishingi/until3 JjiiyAl:st;y we; have alarge, new stock of
f *        . .     —       ._.l_. _ . -i1*" ,_.__'. '        4f_ "*____.. , ' _ '.*___, .._        I _      .    ' _ _..  _■* _ 4      _
'■" 7AA;
,"';yA^y
, - ;'. A.
RoyalGbachmahV Queen of Water^J[etc.vEverything half price.
.' ' "'' "V   ' "•• y,"''hi' 7 ',     * i,7 * '    ,B      y  ">"'.•'••  -'•   --   ,-'• > * "   * -     * , ' *'      ,1   ,     *,,>
July 1 st will soon be here so you'll have to
'*',-'•. ' W    i.     ' . -> ,n   * t , <      „ .  »      i*    -   -
!>., ,'V
. y   y>* '1-. ■>■
V A""*!*
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Store enlarged, staff increased, lots of room for visitors.  Largest new
Dry Goods stock between Pincher Creek and Fernie
"*< _________V I ^^^ t        .1 *A. ^        L * ** "*'&        T,L 1 C, 1* -.1 ^,1 . ' 1" 1
it  >     .'_         . -     '    4.<< ,sr,  -»  '.'   ,,it" „ .   ,*,- .»•' ,   ,i,   •!»!-,        .,    , *.  ,,,Ji    i    ..',- ,   -  .    , .-.      ,     t      ■       * ,-•.,'      '• ip „t '.. , .    .' ',     ,
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* *• , V"  " ■    •>        .-7 '    -A     ' '..v,'!     -     '?''■/  .-,'   ■•'*.      >   ..i.\'n.''  ,'.' m'."7"'-    • '*    *--^'   s
•Wn^ADEMONSTRA^ TOWAROW W KOOPERAOYJNYM SKLEPIE
'■'     W. COLEMAN,     y y' 'X ••-.;.•" '   >"'"7::   *'*'"   '.;,,•'-"   * '-"'•     "       '     '   '   y-'
ABpelnij swoj zamlar ktory ost twoim obowia"zkiem p6pierab;.to'>'oo jest,zbudowane bez narod ro-
-boozy,        > .„ t
*' Towar ktory tam kupujcbie dla swego urzytku, jest spwedany nio dla zarobku,
,.,   Ta wiolka sprzedarsi naBtapizdniem IB go ozerwoa tojopt w nastepna, sqboto e bedzio trvmc
szwodni. „;„    „; Xs".   A,/"' aA' ,  A        ,     V"','', A, V'  " _ ir '   ,
.   Tam twoja sposobnoso nabyctowarow blawatnyoh, ubran racskloh i damsldoh po conach bajec-
'Zriyoh. '7,,"A''' -'Xf?   '    '    "* -   * * ' "        "    "       '    ■ '   • ' '       ! •'•"
,.,..Przyjdzizobaozmmwyborubranmeskichi damskich, ktoro beda sprzcdwano 26 contow na
kazdym dolarze po nizej oeny.
TU TWOJA SPOSOBNOOS ZAOBZOZEDZIO OROSZA. s
TOWAR BLAWATNY to Jost porkale, plutna bialo ikolorowo matorie welniano w najlopszych,
gatunkaoh i koloraoh i yfoplo wszystkie materia zaohodzaoo w tym zakrosio sprzedawano beda 20
contow na kazdym dolarze po nirzoj oeny.
. DAMSKIE 8TR0JE: Bluski jedwabne bluski koronkowe i perkalowe w najlepssyob gatunkaoh
i najnowszoj mody po conach bardzo niskioh,
JEDWABY 8ATYNY WflTABZKI X KORONKI JEDNA TRZEOIA PONIZEJ OENY,
WIELKI WYBOR "URBAN DLA 0HOP00W: W koloraoh niobloikich bronzowyoh olemno tab*
aozkowyoh i wldo innych w n&jlepBzyoh gatunkaoh i najnowszoj mody po oonaoh bardzo niskioh,
OBUWIE MESKIE I DAMSKIE W WIELKIM WYBORZE.
Obuwio meskie, SLATER, AMES-HOLDEN, McOREADY, Wnajlopszyoh gatunkaoh i wybor*
ze po conach bardzo niskioh.    KAZDA RZEOZ OZNAOONA BEDZIE OZYSTO X WYRAZNIE,
NIE ZAPOMNIJ TEGO DNIA I SZESO NASTEPNYOH W KTORYOH MORZESZ ZAOSZO-
ZEDZIO WIELE OROSZA, <
PONIBWARZ KAZDA RZEOZ KTURA KUPISZ W TYOH DNIAOH  SMttTSI  MIEO   SWOJA
WARTOSO JAKA ZANXA DAJBSZI PRZYNISO 01 KORZYBO I ZADOWOLENIE,
KOOPBRAOYJNY 8KLBP, W, COLEMAN,      f
Grande Vente de Demonstration
• |te jour de paye 15 Juin et lea six jours suivant, Prenoz l'habitude d'achoto vos marohandises
aux magoain do la Go-Operative de Coleman. ,,
Lo magasin qui appartient auxpcuplo... Touto marohandises aohetce pour usage pas pour lo '
profit. s1' i r ' ■   , " ;
Le jour de paye ot les six jours suivant nous of for ont lo tout do notre moroerie et ohaussuro aux
plus pros du prix oontant quo possible, Nous vous invitons toun a essaye notro, bonne qualito do nos
raarchandiscs qui sont vendue sur dos bonno conditions pour los travallleurs. x
** '
6PECIALITE
i .', " ,
1    Reduotion do 20 sous aux prix habituollo sur tout Coton, Ootonnotto, Flannelotto  et   Moilton.
Reduotion do 25 sous aux dollar sur tout, Satin, Sorgo, et Oaohemlre,
1-3 do Reduction sur toute solo et Ribans,     7
Roduotion do 20 sous aux dollar sur Oollo, Sor cot, ot Robes,
POUR HOMME
Pour tout artlclo d'hommos roduotion de 20 sous aux dollar. Sur chaussuros d'hommo ot fom*
mo reduotion do 20 sous aux dollar.
Bur chaussuros d'enfantx reduction do 10 sous an dollar,
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PAGE FOUR
THB DIS3^0^|:TOdER^>g|iRNIEi 7 B. C;, JIJNE 15^i912.y
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Al
Explosions and Coal; Dust
.! - That the presence'of gas alone is in
sufficient to explain many explosions
is further supported by the following
"observations: i , ,
l.-< The distances traversed-by'spme
**.explosions' .are'enormous. ;■ some'■ ex-
7 tending'for miles.    It is difficult   to
account for sufficient "gas ;to_> produce
an    explosive "mixture    throughout
.such-lengths of roadway. ,"*
2. There is usually no evidence of
.alarm on the part ..of'the workmen.
' If an explosive gas mixture had been
■ in existence previous to the explosion', its action on the flame of the
lamps would have warned the, work-
- men, who would have adopted . precautionary measures. "
3. The^ force of an explosion,, as
* a rule, acts from the.main roadways
towards the gobs and working faces.
, As there is a greater probability of
gas existing in these latter/ on the
assumption of exploding, gas, the predominating signs of force should be
FROM- the sobs and faces towards
the roadways.
Conclusions based on the evidence
of-force should, however, .be accepted
"■ with caution owing to the complexity
of the action.     *      ,"     ' ','
4. When a gas explosion occurs
the flame must be limited to those
parts of the mine containing an explosive mixture whereas, in most large
explosions, it travels the main haul-
<age roads—usually the intake, air
roads—in which it is highly • improbable that gas could exist; and, moreover, the' length of these roads, and
the extent of the explosion usually
coincide. It is highly significant' that
an explosion seldom enters a return
air-way unless it is used as a haulage
road, 'in which case it is usually dry
and dusty. y
5. In a mine charged with an explosive gas mixture a branch roadway would have a similar atmosonere
to the main roadway of which it is a
branch, and an explosive wave, would
pass with equal force through each..
In many cases an explosion is-selective at a junction, • sparing one or
more roadways, but passing through
, the others, -the plath apparently, depending on the dust.    _, *    '
? 6.   In large evplosions   'no    great
-a    i       i     *      „ * ■ > „  ,
force is,' as a rule, exhibited for some
" distance-on either side of the point
 .rif-Jo-nif Inn -_.Qn_l_Ml__,_v?_*\l_ar_,i_a_iTif!r___>ac___ic,
with the distance from this point. Ih
a pure* gas explosion the\ greatest
force_is usually, near the point of ignition, .and the violence diminishes
with the distance., A        '   '   . "■
" 7.   Many .large explosions have occurred in mines that are free from
" fire" damp, and worked ' with'   open
lights?       - '
. .,8. All large explosions have occurred in mines that are known to
have'been dry and dusty, and have
frequently coincided with the firing
of shots in main Intake air-ways in
which,gas could not exist in any but
the snyillest, and, in themselves, perfectly' harmless quantities.
■Experimental Evidence?*1 Though
tho history of many explosions suggests that coal dust,is the chief agent
in the propagation of an explosion
through a mine,, and an important
factor In tho Initiation of such, It is
necessary, In order to' base" mining
practice on a firm foundation, to, test
the accuracy of this hypothesis by an
appeal to established facts.
Tho evidence avallablo for consideration may roughly bo divided Into
two clasBOB—that obtained from tho
mine after explosion, and that obtained by oxporlmont research.
Of the two clnsses of ovldonco the
latter "Is tho moro valuable, as, by
tho scientific methods adopted, ench
fatter onlerlng Into tho problem nan
bo separated from tho rout, and bud*
Jected to n detailed examination, with-
out the confusion that must nocoaiiQiI-
ly urlso In un actual mluo explosion
Tho experiments of Profosuor Oallo.
way In 187G woro probably tho earliest from which dofinlte conclusions
could bo drawn. In thoso it waB
found that a mixture of nlr and flro-
dnmp which could not bo Ignited with
n nnkod light, dovolopod n tendency
to oxploslon whon conl dust wnB added. In those experiments tho rob, air
and dust woro Intimately mlxod In a
flultablo apparatus, and cautcd to prtsB
In a curront on to nn opon flamo which
producod Iglnltlon, It Is apparent
that If tlio nridltlon of conl dust has
tho effect of converting nn otliorwlso
Inoxplosivo nan mixture into an ex-
plovlso mixture, tlio dust itsolf must
bo consldorod dangerous.
I(A fow yonrs lator further oxporl-
menu woro. conducted by Mr, Oiillo-
Wnv. with nn nt-wirM"" /•n^nfM'wn-
osRontlally of a wondi>n nnllory IM
foot long and 4 squnro foot In unction
at ono end pf which was fitted nn explosion chamber, 6 foot long and 2 toot
In diameter.
Two iwrlci. of *»*.Ti*>rlmrM*iti. w/trr. ron.
ducted. In the first series coal dust
wns not used, ond tho effects producod with purely tho offoeto of exploding gas. Various flro-damp mixtures
woro Ignited In tho cxploslvo chnm*
bor. Tho flamo of tho ox-gallery, and
lb© letiKth of flamo produced wns
.carerulljr measured. As tho result
of in.m.»rQut» experiments tho average
length of fjame produced In thoio clr-
enmstancen was about 13 feet
In tho second scrips, dry coal dust
was laid on (ho floor of the gallery
and on shelves fitted to its sides.   No
gas was permitted to pass through the
gallery and mix with the air and dust"
'Explosive gas'mixtures .were put into
the explosion chamber and fired,'as
in the,, first series. . The fla_n.,e,, &-"
stead bf^bein'g limited to a distance
of 13' feet,' now extended along tthe
gallery, raising from the* floor and
shelves and carrying before it" a cloud
of •fine coal dust into which tit phot
gallery..
In both series of experiments the initial explosions were due -to the:ignl-
tlon of similar mixtures, but the-;effects produced were different, the difference obviously being due to the
presense of the coal dust.1
The first experiment with coal dust
In an underground mine was made by
Mr. Henry (now, Sir Henry) Hall, at
St. Helens, Lancashire, in 1876. - -
"An  adit level 45  yards long was
lightly strewn' throughout Its length  retained in the pores of the former, ol
with fine coal dust. A shot of gun
powder was fired- at the face of the
level, which igniting the dust, produced an explosion of a violent, character. This travelled the full length
of the level, and ceased only when the
train of dust was consumed. So far
as could be ascertained no gas was
present in the adit?' *.->-<.
In' 1690, on,behalf of the Royal Com-
misison on Coal dust, Mr. Hall conducted'an elaborate series of experiments on a,practical scale.
The first* series was carried out'iri
a disused pit shaft near Ormskirk.
The shaft was 50 yards deep, and.7
feet in diameter. A cannon.2V_.'feet
long, with a bore of 2, inches, Was"
placed at the bottom of the shaft pointing directly upwards. The air in
the shaft was then saturated with fine
coal dust, which was thrown down
,from tlie top, and the cannon fired
by electricity, with the dust in suspension in the' shaft:   _  L    .        * "
In many cases explosions' of more
or ,'less violence were produced.   ,
During the same year further experiments'^ the same kind were'conducted by Mr. Hallj at^Haydock.
_ The last experiment he describes as
follows:
., "Dust was ignited', followed by ,a
continuous roar and a rush of flame,
'•i.mplLtp:.;. Lining thy plt^mduth and
br*cpndingeO feet into the atrV - .riii?
was the most violent explosion since
the commencement   of * the; experi-,,
inents. It"J1s'**~diificuit~iorwany~orn_"
who did .not witness .this experinie.it
to realize the extent of the explosion.
The flame continued to issue from the
pit for five or six.'seconds* followed
by dense smoke. ; The violence carried away some of the woodwork 37
feet above the ipit mouth."- "'
'■In each experiment the dust.was ignited by a shot of gunpowder, blowii
out from tho mouth of the cannon, the
charge varying from threequarters to
about four pounds. ■"
.As the air to which the coal' dust
was added was, totally froo from .firedamp,* the 'danger'of shot-firing, In'clr-"
cumstances .In which thore Is even a
remote possibility of the creation of'a'
dust cloud in tho air "at the tlmo .of
firing, even'if it is an impossibility for'
firedamp to bo present, should neod
no further demonstration,
Unfortunately, - the ""Human ..mind
dearly loves its prejudices; and while
tho ovldonco provided by .tho foregoing experiments was quite conclusive as to explosibility of dust and
nlr, It has boon considered nccosuary
to hnvo further; experiments on a
larger scale,,-and. of moro spectacular
nature, to bring conviction to tho mtod
of the ordinary practical man, accustomed to drj* and dusty roadways. ■■
A commlttoo was appointed by tho
Mining Association of Groat Britain to
conduct a sorlofl of experiments at
Altofts during 1008 and 1000. Those
woro on an elaborate scalo, and a
valaublo report of tho results obtained
was published in 1010,
It Ib outside tho scopo of this artlclo to glvo a dotallod description ot
tho apparatus used and tho roBUlts
obtained, but roforonco may bo mado
to an exceedingly Interesting oxporlmont (No. 25) ln which so much vlo-
lonco was produced tlmt It cannot fall
to bo Improsslvo.
Tlio gallery used wns 7 foot 0 Inches
In dlnmotor, and built of 7-lfl Inch boll
woro fixed In tho Intolio. Tho length
of tho Intnl.© was 084 foot, nnd of tho
roturn 205 toot; tho snntlonnl nrean
bolng 41 and 28 squnro feot respectively.   • A quantity of B3.000 cublo, foot
■rtf   Off   Tiff*   *vi(ih      <■*».-_ *i    ,  , 1     M i
tho IntnUo nt n vMooltv of 1,*>!.?. foci
por minute. '
Flno coal dust was spread for ft dis-
tnnco of 450 foot from tho Intake ond
of tho gallery, and tho rate of 1 lb.
Tior 1tft*ii»T> toot    di-itui*   in   nnn   «.;»«~
Iter cublo foot of space.
Ignition wm produced by a »mi.l!
cannon, ,*-vhioh was charged with 24
ounces of ordinary blasting gunpowder, stemmed with 8 Inches of clay, and
placeid 360 foot from tho mouth of tb«
pllory,
Tho dust wa« r*l«M bj r smaller
cannon, and tho abovo <-hargo of j-raw-
der flrod Into tho cloud produced, ro*
suiting Jn a T«.ry violent explosion
which shot out a groat distance from
the Intake ond of tho lube.
Tho force deTelopod was terrific.
ii
Th*ree\"baller shells forming the* intake,
end ."of j-the;'gallery, were completely
shattered,"-andpieces varying from 30,
lb:-to- 15uQ0_.lb. .were-scattered over, the
adjacent fields. One piece, weighing
'40,lb. twas.blown nearly, a- quarter or
a mile,-and some pieces .were estimated- to* rise to* a height of about 500
feet.. A-v ■ "; . \7 -. '"; *'A :
Gas; was ?entirely absent/'and .the
as, it emerged from the mouth "of'.ttie. force_d.eveloped was solely due to'the
exploding mixture of coal dust and
air. -     y %      "'■*•' ..." •
Varieties .of Coal.-Dust.—It was"re?
cognized' by early experimenters that
all cbal dusts-were not equally dangerous, the difference in explosibility being chiefly due to differences" In the
composition, structure and fineness of
the particles of dust.
Coal is an extremely complex aggregate of solid carbonaceous matter
and volatile matter, the latter being
held in loose combination with it
Thia volatile,matter is more or less
easily driven off by the application of
external heat, and it is found by experiment that in some way or other
the explosibility of a coal dust is
somewhat dependent on the amount of
olatile matter present, the danger increasing with th© percentage.    .
While it is claimed-by some experimenters, that? a dust containing'less
than about 10 per cent of combustible
volatile matter is comparatively safe,
such .statements must.be considered in
-connection with the fineness of the
dust. * A*,       s?     '     ■ .
'There are many Instances ori record
of the explosibility of dusts containing'-no inflammable volatile matter,
and-the Altofts experiment (No./106)
showed that even powdered wood
charcoal is explosive on ignition, if
freely suspended in ordinary air. •
7 That, the fineness of the .dust is a
- y'^HIRb' CfcASS?- C^JDiDATESA?
'."" Ttfe1-following two4 pliers*jwere'rsfct
befdre-^andidates for tliird|.class certificates^ under the" CoaOMiries-7 itegu-
lati6n?Act. held ?in_.FeniiV on* Tuesday,
'May.7th;;i9i2(;y:,;.7y.?0y>:?; ;.;;.
"•;   Ay-Wtoing Act-and;RiiiesA f  -'
- Time:''. 9^a.m.,to*12.'3oVp?___.^^sixty-'
fivV-per cent required;:^-/yi'-'A;' ;--;
1? ,iWhat.'doe"the GeiVeral-Rulessay
in" reference'JtoAeritilation?'"--.-?-1*;:;" 10
, 2. "What-do the,General,Rules,say
in'reference to fencing? A' •iA-A,,-10
. 3. What do'the General Rules .'say
in* reference to withdrawal^ .workmen
in case of danger.' ,- y  -,     10
4. ,"What,do!the General Rules say
in" reference to inspection ot mines In
which inflammable gas, -has ; been
found? "■ ,    ,  , ,    ", ""    io
5. What do the General Rules say
in reference to manholes and,places of
refuge?* . ^ ■ ■ 10
6' "What do* the General Rules say
In?reference to ambulance boxes?   10
7. What do the General Rules say
in reference to stations? " - *• 10
. 8.'What.do the-General Rules, say
in reference to lamps and lights?   10
9. ' What do1 ttie General Rules say
in. reference to the securing bf roofs
and sides?    ' '        * 10
10. - What does the Act say in reference to Special Rules. -       7   10
MINE GASES AND GENERAL
WORK
Tuesday; May ,7th,. 1912 Time:, 2 to
5.30 p.m. ' Fifty per cent required
and not less than sixty-five per cent.
■ on'the whole. / - _   '   . .
1. On your examination of a mine
generating explosive gas you find the'
ventilation in- good condition and no
places containing "any accumulation of
gas; but as you are about'to admit the
ticable.. aridity-keep $he,intoe iiCa'-safe _:
condition?. V^cAA-AAiA^i^so1 "
■ 4 ,i,. -•"»*. y .'-■!'*r?.i»c!]jj'7*-_.,-?v*»*'-a. >'_•- "•„> ,>i
'- 5. y.-What-klndfl of-B'afety"la_ri_. S have
you usedy in places?; where.1 fire':da___.p'
was^knownr'tb.eslBj:? A.What lamp"'do .
you prefe^ni|;wtiy?y^H;;an .expio:, \
.' "*.' '• x-^ • -*■*.--, r. ~r.yy""yJ.yr
order.,.to-properly-.con duct "an air-current 'tolithe working.*face?A'Mention-
also, the, essential pointssn"ecesasry-,to-
be obseVyed;;*witti':-resi^ct?:to"j each ":of
these means?'" A .AAy,,''^f * y -in
7. W^at are .the* uses'of "the follow-".
ing, instruments]. Iny wririection wi th
coal mines: 'Anemometer,"Thermometer, barometer'"and'water gaii'ge?^ -: 10'
,\ 8.\' "What'"isfaVblown-out'stiot,^arid',
what class,- of/accidentstdoes ,it originate? ';/What"i__ -the"*principai cause
of blown-out' Bhots?;* A; yy-}** '.   - -in
1 9. State' your views as vto .the cause
of explosions arid ;what precaution you
would adopt .to prevent, them.; '■ 10
10? Ventilate plan given;; using oo__*
ventlonal signs A " 'A >■ - ; 10
(Next week- examination, papers set
before.candidate's for Second..Class
certificates.)"   ' -7-'-'*   ' > ■" * ■
, A new industrial conflict threatens
London.* , The chorus girls, following
the'example of the miners,"; now, demand a minimum;wage. ' Their, cause
is gallantly, championed by. theAm'al-
gainated Musicians' Union":*; The girls
demand & minimum salaryof $7.-for.
klx evening performances and one dollar for each *,matinee 'performance. -'
■ -J_---* - -j.
YOUR BLOOD IS
...   _»»<V   *t...    ,-._.!._..., *_n>4.__.*^,^.4,    .. _   ^VlC.      ...»       ,L      .A. . .__fc*
yw-;_.
<7*PIMi?IiES/il_N^ALI-SKIN ANDB^ODDISEASES   ?
A7.fp!LRE^^MPLETEl_Y fiUR___Dl>By^^E3-'i-C;
7? W«3«_reVwll -_i"Ca«^tton."of "piu'those
" afflicted < with any Blood or?SIdn DiMMar to
., our Now Method Treatnwtt as a guaranteed -
- .cure for.1 hese 'complaints., .There is, no ex-'
,-, cuse for any persou having a disflguredlacef
.t from; eruptions and ■ bl9tches.t7Mo' matter^
"-; whether hereditary or acguired, our spoclfio"
-"remedies andHreatment. neutralize all'pot-'
sons in the blood and erpeV them'from the'
: system.. Our vast,experience in the treatment of thousands o£ the.most serious and-
complicated- cases'enables:us to ^perfect a7
-, cure without experimenting.'".Wedo business
on the plan-Par'OnU. for the Benefit Yoa
Derive.". If you have any blood disease, con-
■"suit us Free of Chargo and- let,us jprove;to
n you how quickly our remedies will:remove
all evidences of disease.   Under the influence -
ot the New Method Treatment the skin be-*
comes clear,,ulcers, pimples and blotches'
heal up; enlarged-glands are reduced, fallen
, out hair grows in again, the eyes.becomen
* bright, ambition and energy return, and the
-victim realizes a newlife-has opened up to
him. -   -    ■;-*■-" i \> - .     •     . _r    -
. YOU CAN ARRANGE TO PAY/AFTER
,t  7 YOU ARE CURED, ^yy
:A. 7 ;, CONSULTATION: FREE
■A '".•■■=". rr?!—: ?.' A: -
V - SendforBooUiton DtM'uet of Man'
"THE GOLDEN MONITOR" FREE 7
-^       ' \ - .   - .    "i.
If unable to call, writs for a Qucitlon,Lbt
„________.______________„___«__» V,, for Home Treatment   "
DrsKENNEDY&KENNEDY
Cor. Michigan Ayc^andGriswoJd St,   Detroit. Mich.;.
"All letters from Canada must be addressed
to our Canadian Correspondence Depart-
-— -. - ■   ,     ment in .Windsor, Ont.   If you desire to
' see ub personally call at our Medical Institute in Detroit as we see and treat
bo patte«to,in our-Windsor offices; which are for. Correspondence arid
laboratory, for,Canadian business,only., Address all letters as follows:
;'■ y' DRS. KENNEDY & KENNEDY, Windsor, bot'
JWritofOT our private address., ., 7>    ",.- .'..'"•',-> ,-_-■'     : y ,7" i
,- ___..__   „. „„ „_ „ workmen you,discover that*-the venti-
declding factor has been clearly proved *atio"i has been interrupted by the stop
,By- experiment.     Professor,   Bedson PinS of.the fan or.other causes; what^
has shown  that as the, fineness' of "would be.'your method of procedure?
division of a coal dust- of given com
position is increased the amount of
heat necessary to ignite the dust.is
reduced:, and Professor Cadman has
"effectively demonstrated the possibility "of. Ignition-at a candle flame, if
the dust is fine enough;* and that the
violence increases with" the fineness
of-the" dust. - '.*.._
,. The dust which is most dangerous,
is, as a rule, that which settles on the
"roof7and"eli"der""of a roadway ..after"
floating iii the air current for some
time. '
*■ In an explosive mixture of fire-damp
and air each small particle of gas is
Intimately in contact with a particle of
oxygen, and intermingled with it.' On
ignition' each atom of carbon . and
hydrogen in'the particle of fire-damp
Is attacked by. Its neighboring oxygen'
atoms with extreme activity, giving
rise thereby to the wellknown explo^
slve effects.
--When fine, .pure coal dust particles
aro suspended In the air, In explosive
quantity/each particle Is enclosed In
an eneylope.of air.' It-is, therefore,
Intimately In contact with oxygen, and
such arrangement of dust and nlr may
be considered to bo a coarse gas mlxi
ture? • On Ignition, the oxygen Is qulto
as active as in a pure, gns oxploBlon,
and attacks each atom of carbon, and
hydrogen, in tho volatile constituents
of the dust particle, nnd also each
.atom of Its solid carbanacoous sub*
stance. ' Oxygen Is no respecter of
circumstances, and produces equally
disastrous offects whether the carbon
with which It combines is obtained
from firedamp or from a cbal dust
particle, provided it can obtain such
with equal facility from ouch.
In tlio combustion of tho very fin*
est particles of dust It is probable
that thoy aro Instantly and directly
consumod, tho temperature duo to tho
combustion of each partlclo Igniting
tlio neighboring partlclo and so trans*
witting flnmo through tho mlxturo with
oxtromo rapidity and oxploslvo violence
For all but tho finest and- purest
partlcloB It Is probablo that combustion Is complex, Tho amount of ash
In tho. dust, tho ratio of volatile matter
to flxod carbon, tho Intlmaoy of oxy.
gon to tho molecules of oach partlclo,
nnd of partlclo to partlclo, cannot but
, lt                     -— oHpct tlio action; nnd, ns Uio tomporu-
or plntlng, enpabjo of resisting a stallc turo necessary lo distil tho volatile
pronuro of nbout 100 lb. per squaro matter Is considerably lower than tlmt
Tins was arranged to represent necessary to produce Incnndosconco In
"                  a-.carbon partlclo, and consequently
, ■   , ,                             flamo, It,would nppoar that there Is a
Blsod tub rond,  Elghty-slx tlmbor sots tfosslblllty of a two-fold nctlon-tho
.10
2' Name and describe the different
gases'met with in'coal "mines. ;What
are their dangers to life and .their in-"
_urious_.effects on workmen employed
therein?.a' Give also? their symbols,'
specific,gravities, and properties?*' 20
3. If,-when making, an examination
of a'mine you found a'large body* of
explosive.gas, state what, precaution
you would take to prevent an accident
'from same?   -^ <       .   ->' ~;   io
4..How" would you remove "firedamp, from, a, working place to render It harmless?" If the open cavities
in the* abandoned part of a miW con-
talned^'ac'cumuiatlons of expolsive, gas,
what method.would you adopt to render harmless'the gas as'far as prac-
$3.50  RECIPE FREE,;
For Weak Menr
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have il Free and
Strong and Vigorous  :
--„       , i -
I have in my possession a prescription
for nervous • debility, lack of .vlgnr,
weakened manhood, falling memory
and lame back, brought on .by excesses,-unnatural drains, or the "follies of
youth, that has cured * so- many- worn
and nervous men .right in their' own
homes—without any additional help' or
medicine—that I think evory man who
wishes to regain, his manly power'and
virility, - quickly ' and , quiotly, should
have a copy. So I have determined to
send a-.copy. , So I have determined tp
charge, in a plain,,ordinary sealed enve
lope to any man who will write me for
it.■■  4        • " -- *        -
This prescription comes from a physician who has-made a, special study of
men and I am convinced lt is tho surest-acting combination for-tho cure of
deficient - manhood and vigor failure
ever put together. - < ,'- -■*-•->
', I- think I owe it to my fellow man to
send them a copy in confidence so that
any man anywhere who is weak and
discouraged with ' repeated - failures
-inay-stpp-arugging'himseirwitrh"afm-~
ful .patent medicines, secure .-.what- I
believe is the quickest-acting restorative,-upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING remedy ever devised, and'so cure, himself
at home quietly and quickly. Just drop
me, a-line like this: Dr.*A.'E.' Kobin-
Bon,-4907 Luck* Building, Detroit, Mich.;
and-I-will sond'you'-a copy of this
splendid .recipe in a plain, ordinary envelope free of charge. "A great many
doctors would charge, »3.00 4to .5.00 for
merely writing out a prescription -like
this—but I send it entirely, free. .„
>.——— -^—f X. '"• '-v , -- '' "' *:"' '"•■
Cash  Offered for Prizes of $42,000
$13,000 Attraction Program    V
including Jimmy Ward with
7, a Curtis Aeroplane and the 7
, Famous Navassar Ladies'
Military  Band
Four East India Elephants and
many other features of merit A
FREIGHT PAID ON ALL ALBERTA EXHIBITS
Exhibition Entries Close June 15th   7   S'
'S.       ■    , M,y-'-yy-/'.  ,„.- ■> ■
Prifte List, and, Entry Forms
from  E.  L.  Richardson,  Mana-'
ger,-Victoria, Pk.; Calgary. " ?.A
I. S. G. VAN WART
President
volatllo mnttor boln« drlvon off from
lho fJuftt partlclo by Un rising tompori.
turo, to bp Immediately JbbUoiI by lho
direct conibti.itJon or tlio carbon.
Tho porlod of tlmo Bopsratlng thus*
Uij,«..',V«.it. .o *o huiuHvijf «tl-itii tli4((,
In .Tinny rhrt-p, Uioj- uiuy I'D uw.JJt-.".
*d nft bolnjf elmullnnoouf. Whero Uio
coal rluit U rolatlvcly cojirM aiid t-oroe*
whnt Impiiro, tlio probnbllltloB nro tlmt
tho action mny bo nrrontod, iho void*
*h,_ ...,..ii*.-.. i.«.      i .. •     ,      . _
•3d; -whoreas tho solid carbon may bo
only partially conflumed, and loft bo*
hind at coked (.int. .
Owing lo tho variety of individual
duit partlclci in any duat mliluro, It
la not probablo that any linjrlo theory
-of combustion cnn Include all poulblo
lypea of action: lionre. aiicb can ho
only partially inio nnd,of Jlmllod ap*
plication. Fortnnately for practical
purpose*, a theory, complete la ovory
detail, l« not esientlat In order to ae-
cure Mfety a*aln__t a d«nootutrat«d
danger.    While thero Is still raucn
Special Sale of Lots. $100 a
TERMS-^20.00 cftsh, and. balance $1,0.00, monthly.
A, •
RESTRICTIONS—Only one dwelling to be built on
oach lot.
' ■
The steadily increasing output of the Mines niake
more dwellings a necessity.
Only a limited number of lots being offered.
.__?%*__.* r-y_j_£ )*i*«,*fcic,i*ittj[-*fi} ana plans
of lots offered apply to • ■'
-,, ' ■ ii
xiii^i-^RJiS l COLLIERIES,
Hillcrest, Alta.
l
that it uncertain regarding U»a manner W15t*f «' doubu—Tho Scienoe and Art
nt ft. —..t n.in>u   Lt.^.   ^.lt  j...>  fa   tit lUlnlnar
of tu cxploalblllty, tbat coal datt It
*xplof|v«>, vhea t««p«nd«d In air. baa
been d«montlimle<| boyond tb* ?n>m.<
of Mining,
8AV VOO SAW IT IN THB Ll?Deleft!
1!
The Ledger for Job Printing
ii
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DISTRICT .'LEDGER,: PERNJEEA B. C, JUNE 15,1912. * ,, A ,.
PAGEFXVE
%
'_-"•¥.
•••*'
-t i,
ve-
tntans
;*'.'V' ,' ■'.- 't'-V -?"7-. 7,^'7-r
W^^seyUn^^0t^
IA
A*?'*'In the: following? article-Thomas L^
-* -'\ \---~t-?.t'i,_.-,*'•"* •-,-'   -     ..-'I-..     i '■,-*"
*-;, Lewis, formerly'president .of the Unit-
' 7ed"7 Mine,'Workers .of_■ America.-- tella
? ;from his .viewpoint why,"West. Virginia
■ ' coal'operators have*for several years
"■' * antagonized" the' unionization of.' their
'  - ■■ y / \ - ■, ■"-" - •"-'■'-11." ■■■'■ *> .;■ ''-,\» y.
v -;miners,4and3glves some interesting in-
*•* '.side;__lstory..   \ •'"-... -v;'';; 7 yS^y,
'.' I- • A great dealhas be-en said andwrit-'
".. ,* teiA.wlth 'reference • to '."West Virginia
'*. ^rid'ttB^'relationto other 'coal-prbduc-
■" I \ng 'states' of the country. ,7 It must be
■ conceded'that >Vest Vlfginia has made-
■',..remarkable'progress in,the* develop*;
>.-ment of its fuel resources, within the
.'..-last ten'years.     The'construction of
. "branch lines and spur tracks from the
■ ofew'Jrailroads' which cross: West Vlr-
. , giriia has accomplislied "wonders in the
,'   development of coal In that state.
\ There is rib doubt of the; ability of
-   the operators and. miners .of West Vir-
V ginia to produce coal as cheaply as in
'*   any other.state.-'.It has little'of a natural market for the coal produced  in
, y'ita. mines. ,7 The'market'for at least
.SO per cent of West Virginia's coal pro-
7V	
' ; ductlon must be found in the East, the
', South or ..the'Northwest. .'--The, mine
workers; with the exception of a'few in
'   the.Kanawha district,.are not organi/-
■   ed.-.;-There Js a cause,'for ,the,,disor-
■: ganized conditionof themine workers
. and the belligerent attitude of-thp,op-
'. erators toward the miners*'union. ,. v
"There is a real cause for the unfor;
,   tunate" conditions "existing in.the^min-
,-* ing districts of West Virginia.  . TNeith-
, er the operators,;nor' miners""i__.rthat
State are any better' or worse,than? the
-. operators or miners in any pther state.
.There  have * been  several ' attempts
'.made to organize the tmine workers,
' "nnd "they have always, shown a will-
,.*"' ing'ness to respond and assist in" the
'vcrk of orgauizing'themselves. .There
-was a time previous,to the"year-1902,
\  when,""the mine owners, showed ho,seri
A bus .objection.,-to, their employes or-
v gariizing themselves.' Since then there
- -.     l-i . Ir ,        <-    .
*, has been a decided change in the attitude of* the operators' of that State.
«",-, In the, early-part of ,.the year. 1902
"* there were local.unions of the "United
7 "Mine Workers in nearly every section
,'.of "West'Virginia, 'arid little opposition
.'' to' the mine workers* Joining the* or-
,, v gaiiizatioh. .. In April bf that year, the
^nternationai"executive"*board7"byra~re*1
solution, decided to continue'the policy
?of  organizing the  mine ' workers of
West Virginia.    Shortly after the. adjournment of the International executive board' meeting by direction of the
I A
i ---
i '.'■"■
\\ ..
nationalr president of the "United Mine
.Workers''(."John; Mitchell), a conference"
bfrminers'-.represetnatlves, * org'anlisers
!and.,'d)strict'officials was held'in,Hunt,
ingtqn',-.W; Va.,*and!"a't' that, coriferen'c'e"'
,-p-withbut ;any attempt 'to hbfd ajbinf"
conference ;  with ^th'e ? bperatorfi-~a
st'rike was declared..;"-.-*,flX-7 "yy*'*.'-
I -Wheji'thb strike, order,went*irito-ef-.,
feet in ,1902. the "miners1 of West ."Virf
ginia; 7organi'zed ^.'ahdyunprganized;
obeyed the order- by BUBpending.work.
_After many nibnthVbf desperate struggle, in?which"men, woinen-arid, children endured terrible."hardships .and
suffering, the strike was lost,-with the
exception of that part of West Virginia
known as the Kanawha district; where
a .compromise settlement was effected.-.  In the midst ,pf the West Virginia
strike "of 1902 a'prominent operator,
.with mines in the .New River .district
offered to sign a wage contract conceding the demands' of.the mine workers1 who were on strike.    Because of
his ability to get a-majority of the
mine "owners' of;, West Virginia, to join
him. In making _ concessions * his proposition was rejected; and he imme-'
diately became a relentless enemy of
tlie miners'union, y •   "   y    ,- y
". The, mine owners of West Virginia'
are opposed to the United Mine.'Work-
ers' br America not "only" because of
what transpired in ihe year 1902,.but
on account of., many things, that have
occurred since. '  There exists "In, the
minds'of the operators of.,West Virginia a firm conviction .that if;they
would'withdraw their opposition. -to'
their .employes organizing the United
Mine Worker's' would immediately endeavor,; to' establish a'"rate .of ..wages
and'impose conditions of employment
that would prohibit the: West-Virginia
mine owners, from marKeting,the product  of their .mines outside ,"of  the
State,       .-'*,."'
,It may seem strange that the coal
operators of "West Virginia should entertain such opinions,'.- but, when the
mine owners,of the Eastern and Cen-
tral Western.mining districts declare,
arid; insist,' that' West * Virginia' mine
workers must be of ganized in order to
.prevent' competition from that State
what' must be the conclusion? - When
the representatives of the United. Mine
Workers declare- that West Virginia
miners should be. organized jn? order
that the. mine-workers.-of that'central
competitive"mining'dlstrict should'get
more'work it only strengthens convic-
t,hat'the West.Virgiriia'operatbrs^have
"a"-1 feeling of resentment'against■ithe''
.United' Mine Workers'of America,,arid
view .with appreherision any.attempt-
rtQ*o"rganize their employes?AA?''A'A„'
'j' "The failure to organize*'the miners
of 'West Virginia, and .the tromeadous
irisrease in the coal productibn-'of that
state, has caused' the operators'of-thb
other states to inaugurate a'new, ,l.ne'
of attack; on -West Virginia ^coa],* competition.',' Freight rates/*aro*/.•-now-
made the subject of attack oil' the, part
jpf ;those operators -who;- feel"7n_bs.
keenly the competition of-'West? Virginia coal. - Readjustment; bf ^freight
rates,is demanded in order thatythe
West Virginia arid" mine,; owners,- of
other-Btates may.be placed1 on',a;more
equitable freight rate basis.' *'" Even if
freight rates are advanced, bn West
Virginia coal, or lowered ■ .on-7 cbal
shipped from other * states,, it .is not
certain to settle the difficulty from a
competitive .standpoint ,;It ,has, a
tendency to still lower the.standard
ot the coti.1 mining IndustryA ■     . >
There is a remedy for ..the omany
evils that now afflict the coal, mining
industry., To put the ■ remedy into
practical operation it will require the
cooperation" and actico support ot intelligent, progressive-'' broad-minded
nnd, determined men. There, is no
need for spasmodic or periodical strikes, or even a-day's suspension,- to .settle disputes in' the coal-mining industry. ' .There - is - no ■- need'' to fear the
competition-of West Virginia coal if
the operators1 of the country are willing to help lift the whole industry to,
a higher.position ambng the industries
of, the. country. . If there is a united
'effort to help the-coal industry each
individual will receive a share "of the
benefits of the work done.. Why not
by? —'Fuel.. ■- ■ ■'        '
fkirkick***ickick****k*k*irk**k~
pur, Poultry?Colflmn'
*-■*"■■ -. ,-y A ■■■.. A .-.   "*--*A>
irk A Mckkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk-k-kkk
$
OVER FATTENING
FORESTRY ON
THE '
.    PACIFIC COAST
operators that' the miners arid opera-'
tors of other states are.going to. deprive West Virginia-operators of opportunity to market the .product' of
their mines. _, Is1" there vany^ .wonder
OTTAWA, June? 13.—The' Canadian
Forestry Association will this year
follow' the.plan\bf 1906, and hold a
big Autumn Forestry Convention "in
Victoria, B. C. The - date fixed is
Sept".4-6. '*' This is upon the invit"a:
tion of the Government of that Province. " Hon. Richard McBride, the
Premier and Hon. W. R. Ross, Minister of'-Lands,' are forwarding the
plans, so as to -make it one of the
largest things, ofifth"e ;kind held in
Canada.'0 Tlie * Secretary, Mr. James
Lawler, of Ottawa,; is, nowV consulting
with these';gentlemen?and"-Mr. John
Hendry, of Vancouver, the President
of the Association,' in. regard to* final
'details.."-   -"*   ", ,'?';'     '. *       •",
DrrdrVan'grFema!e=Pill8
A reliable French regulator j'never falls. These
pills are exceedingly powerful In regulating: the
generative portion o: ine ftmaie system. Refuse
all cheap imitations. Or. de Tan'a are sold at
IB a box, or three for »10.V Mailed to any add ress.
The Soobell Drag; Co,, St. CaOuurlnei, Ont.
,   _?or Sale at Bleasdell's Dwg Store -
ywhat a * difference there is'between
our fowls and So and So's fowls! They
are* getting lots of'eggs and we "have"
only had ■ two tb day, and more fowls
than them. I wonder how it is.? It's
a question well worth answering, arid
I will tell you" why and how it happens. .*' The main-,reaso__ is you are
feeding them on foods that are making them over fat. " And they become
idle? -Theyhave no,need to work, so
they don't work, arid the result is they
don't lay. ' The harder a hen works
the more - she will lay. We'll presume that your hens are too fat. Wha't
are you doing? Killing them?—or—
well .there are other ways, so its left
to you. * But here ls a remedy for
you.
Give the birds a good dose of Epsom Baits arid .then feed on barley for
a fortnight, sparingly. Cut out every
other food in the shape of grain or
soft food. After that a little good,
hard wheat may be added, and I think
your egg supply .will be increased. If
in confinement, don't' forget the grit
arid green food.     . ■ *'
,, A good tonic for them could be made
up as,follows": Fenugreek, ground linseed;'flower of sulphur, liquorice powder in equal parts, and,half the quantity'of carbonate of iron" and ground
gentian. *. This is a useful and arr-
round powder promoting egg-produc-
tion/acting-as a "tonic and adds lustre
to the plutpage.. For a dozen up to 20
birds use a tablespoonful of it three or
four times a week according to the
season,of the'year.        ■  ,,
.FEATHER EATING '
, Feather eating among fowls is quite
common,- especially where the birds
are confined in a small run." „To
check them? from,,this habit is a very
hard thing to do, and the best method
that' I know of is to pare a little off
their beak' the"' upper side, so that
when they -peck the feather' they do
ubt.get.a fast hold. Don't throw the
grain all'in'one place, .but if" it's pos-
sible7bury'it, so that the birds, will
be kept' - busy at, work, and give a
little-.animal-food. .As I have said before, you, cannot'.give them too much
work.      ''•'.'- :.
Perhaps .these-riotes do riot touch
on something• that you would'like to
know: But,, I can assure you that if
you will;only say what question or
what variety you are anxious about,
we will' only, be" too pleased' to * dis-
cuss"i._t-.-i-0"r;_if_-you_aEe-^thinking£6t_
taking poultry up I will send you -a
plate of what they should be.like.". I
ain ready at any time to do what I
can for fanciers as far as possible.
'' Now, some will say poultry.will'not
pay and they won't pay if.y-o'u have'no
interest in* them? . The man ? that
.builds a poultry.house',-buys..his stock
.and then thinks he has done all that is*
required, well he is a failure; arid'that
is'sure. And I.don't-hesitate iri-say-
iDg- that it's only'-the right-ending.
But theftman who spends'a little'of
his time every day'keeping them clean
and attending to, their wants, it does
not amount to riiuch. Why thena poultry" will pay,, and "pay well.. I have
known quite a'number that have started *with;'a great noise, but it soon died
out.-.-'and; they would not. look at a
fowl-now, while others would not be
without-'their-fowls on any* account.
Simply because they have looked after
them and, as a ..result well paid for
their labor.. I am sure that I don't
know ■ of a beter hobby, • because of
three important'-lteiris., -First, a new
laid egg is always welcome , on the
breakfast-table. ; Second, if 'you have
more than you require, there Is always a> ready, market, for them; and
thirdly,''tht) sale of stock is, sure and
will fetch a good price.
But, you say, there is their food!
Yes, they have got to eat? and that's
sure, but what of that, if you are working systematically I think the Income
will double the outlay, without much
flgu'rlng out,   ,,
. . '      .      QUILL.
Snqwden Safys Strikes y
7S7yGe.ts Labor Nothing
77 • "■ A"', '7; ."'  "    —: 7    . .   '       ,' ' "     A
Political7 Action Only Solution to
the Present Unrest
MAN   POWER   AND  COAL,POWER
. ,  , (Answers) ,
Does any one realize* the power of
coal as a worker? A man was set to
work a- pump as hard as he could- all
day, and at, the end of ,10 hours it was
found,that he had done just as much
work as-a little less than'two ounces
of coal could.do.,    ■ 7 '
Taking all the energy put forth by
a hard-working'man during one whole
year, the same amount of force would
bs furnished-by-36 pounds of good
coal, or say' 40 pounds of average
coal. t  . .
• We produce; six tons a head of p'opu-'
lation,. and this contains the energy
of 336 men working for a whole year.
■ Of course, even in our best engines
the "greater,part? of the working energy of coal? is wasted. But'even if
only ,one-tenth is turned to account,
one and a'balf .hundredweight of coal
is equal to a' man working for 300
days of the year.
* A horse can do ,*as much work as
10 ,men,'<but.qne-and a quarter pounds
of coal has as "much working force as
a horse expends , iri one day. So
that a" ton of coal? if 'we could use all
its forces,"would;do as much" work
as six-horses working*-for a whole
year.   .-•'--'•-
LONDON—Philip Snowden, M.P. for
Blackburn; one bf the iriost thoughtful
of the Labor members of the House of
Commons, strikes a fresh note this
morning in the Daily, Mail's symposium
on the labor unrest. > The chief "points
in hiB argument are that there is nothing new iri the present discontent,
the remedy for which lies not, in strikes but in the acquisition of political
power under the direction of Socialism. ' y . '■ ',.
, He points' out that the present unrest Is an exact reproduction of that
of twenty or twenty-five years ago.
The same causes were then given and
the same remedies advocated. Tho
same methods for dealing with the unemployed were .suggested, there were
the.,same sort of speeches made by the
leaders and the same fears were expressed Mat the foundations'of society
.were about to be broken up.
"Labor," s.ays Mr. Snowden, "is always poor and oppressed, always discontented, but generally passively so.
The smouldering fires of * discontent
are always there. Occasionally they
burst into flame,', but .the eruption
soon expands its force, and relative
quietencss follows'because it has been
discovered that.the'workmen have no
means by which they are able to secure, the immediate Improvement-of
their lot. ' ■     '    A
Discussing strikes as a remedy for
the rinrest,' Mr. Snowden says:.
"With the exception of the-'mempr-
able dock strike and one or two others
practically all .of the innumerable
strikes between -1SS7 and 1S92 ended
in failure. '. The somewhat greater success of recent strikes, where the' go-,
vernment did not Interfere, was due to
the condition of trade. o y ,
"The value of the successes which it'
is alleged have been won ■ in the past
yoar has been greatly exaggerated.
Both'the railway ana miners' strikes
were complete.fallures'as strikes. Both
werej converted into successes solely
by the interference of the state, the
.very power whjch the meji had scorned and rejected. Af the employers and
the men had been "allowed to fight it
out without;, interference * * the men
would hive been abjectly beaten.., No-
_-_Jbe_-Tec€nt_Btrlke-_o--_gravt---diggerB I body knows this better" than the^lcad-
who is able to think that there is a
reserve power in_tlie community which
makes it absolute folly to suppose that -
a general strike  will ever   take   the
place of political action." y\
"There is no royal road to the social
millennium," says Mr,'Snowden. "Neither a' general strike nor any other   -
sudden  cause of labor unrest.   Poll-*
tical action is said to be in bad favor..;
with workmen  at the .present time,
but it is only thereby that the workers will ever be able tb alter^an econ-   ■
omlc "system which keeps them poor. fi
The partial conquest of political pow-,
er which the workers have made has
done more for them in six years than
all the strikes they have ever waged
or will wage."
Mr. Snowden   Instances   especially
the (Workmen's compensation act.
"Until the land and industrial cap-.,
ital are socially owned arid Industry
democratically   controlled,"   he says,
"there wlll'be labor unrest and,right- -
eous discontent. A transformation can
only be effected by a disciplined demo-.
cracy gradually,, assuming control of
polltical'power and using it for accomplishing that-alm."
ROME, June 12—Professor. Malada
has again descended to the-bottom of
the crater of Vesuvius.     Ho was ac-,
companied by a cinematograph opera- ,
tor.    .The latter succeeded in photographing the perilous   descent,   the*
position of the crater from the fum-'
aroles, the fumes issuing from [issues
and    other    interesting   phenomena,
which are a prelude to the reawakening of the activity of the volcano. ,    .
at Glasgow',^ Scotland, cemeteries was
settled and.the men returned to work
after the companies had conceded to
them an increase of one shilling a
week. *'._.■' '.
ers.'
Mr. Snowden thinks that strikes will
continue to be resorted to for^some
time, "but," he , says, "the miners'
strike has convinced every workman I Book Store
Rheumatism,  Lumbago,
and Lame Back
can be cured by the great fruit kidney'.and live'rremedy    • •' -    .-  v,
FIG PILLS
Brantford, Ont., .Aug. 13, 1911.
Your medicine,. Fig Pills, lias worked wonders for me. The rheumatic
pains have entirely left me and I owe
everything to your remedy. You aye '
at liberty; to publish this.—R. H. Gall-
man.
At all dealers, 25 and? 50 cents, or ,,.,
The.,Fig Pill'Co.,'St. Themis,  Ont.
Sold,in Fernie ift McLean's Drug and
^
The Freight Terminus of the O.P.K. and the Canadian Northern
Railway. . ^
The clearing point of the Pacific Coast.
The city to nil a need.
The city, possessing more natural advantages and commercial
,   possibilities than any other Pacific Coast port.
A city where "Rail meets Sail," therefore a City of absolute
.   certainty of its future.
\
Picture its splendid harbor, tho finest in the world. Tho logical position as the gateway to thc Orient and tho Panama Canal for
half the Continent of North America and all Europe, standing as tho. Terminus of 10,000 miles of railway linos as the Western outlet of Canada's best cities.    PORT ALBERNI destined to become the commercial rival of Vancouver ,and its industrial superior.
A Port with, an Average Depth, of 300 feet
Large Residential Lots 33 x 133 and the alleys in the rear of all good drainage and unexcelled view.
SEE  OUR AGENTS AT CNCE.     WE OWN OR CONTROL THE MAJOR PORTION
f rice of Lrois 5r300 sisia. _p-__:50
Lots
$300 and $450
The Union Land Company, Limited,
NATAL, B.C.
Lots
$300 and $450
!
J -ytv-
-si.r
,&.■***.    V   ~H_J.    '*i.-
PAGE SIX
--*,..4.-.
f-y.
'_*■*<.
* "!-;-„-.».,
*"''"' '.-©lie JUsf-fari*} ?£jeM*er;;:7;!
.-        .- 7   - 7    *       >*    • -\.'  ; ■ J
Published every Saturday morning,as.its office,
7   P^Uat Avenue," Fernie,-B. C.   Subscription-§1.00
per year* in advance.. .An excellent"; advertising
medium:' Largest "circulation in the District.*". AU-
rertising rates on.application.;Up-to-date facilities
, for the-execution of all kinds of. book,*"" job and
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to, The District Ledger.
H.T. NERWICH; Editor.
Telephone No. 48. '. Post Office Box No. 380
: THE DISTRICT- I^DGEB/FERNIE, . B;^ JUNE 115,1912*
y»r,=\yiyy.
SS^sy-syy
THE POWER OP THE CHURCH IN BELGIUM
THE result of.the recent general election in Belgium lias so enraged the populace that rioting
is now going on throughout thc length and breadth
of that country.     "Whilst tlie will of the majority
must be respected it is another matter when elec-'
tions are won by a minority through constitutional
power which gives certain  classes of its people
treble the number of votes to that graciously granted the proletariat.    In fact, under the present con-
. sitiition a minority of the people have a perpetual
grip on the government of that country.     Strange,
wherever the Catholic Church-obtains a hold plural
voting, and an extra one or two for a. priest, is in
vogue, and this is strangely the case in Belgium.
Can it be "wondered at that'.the people have risen'
in their wrath' to protest against such oppression
in an effort to break their chains'of bondage?   No
' other means are open {o* them.   , o
. Every-Belgian .citizen" over twenty-five years of
' age has a vote. If he is the owner of real estate to
the value of 2,000 francs,-or possesses a corresponding income from lands Or funds, he is entitled "to a
supplementary vote. If he has graduated* from an
institution of higher instruction, or holds one of
the higher posts in the Civil Service, or is a member
of the'learned professions," lip has two supplementary votes. Thus in the last legislative elections
there were'986,499 single voters, 388,224 electors
with two votes, and nearly 300,000- electors with
three votes.      *■   •
A very simple calculation shows that4he second
'and third classcs,"though in'an actual minority of
over 300,000 people, can outvote -the first" class,
made up wholly of the workingmen of nearly 1,000,-
000 votes., It, is .the classes withthe plural-vote to
which the "clerical party looks chiefly for- support,
"whilst tbe workingmen arc mostly Socialists. With
proportional /representation, giving each0 vote its
—A.xaet pqlitieal~valu,e/the radicaTiorces.Fave inter-
,   preted the late elections as meaning that under the
existing conditions they can never oiist'the clerica's
' from power.  .Hence the riots arid other symptoms
1 , of revolution which are planned to force an amendment to the constitution, giving equal value "••"•
Mich vote, The attempt to perpetuate minority
.rule in .Belgium, by devices designed to minimi/i.
..the power of the majority will soon see its last days.
"Whether tlie government survives tho crisis-it has
thus precipitated at this.particular'time or is forc-
■, Ptl to yield is a "question to which no definite, answer can be given "nt present: But it is an absolute certainty, that sooner'or' later an ndminist'.a-
. tion depending'for maintenance of its powor on n
fraudulent'elective system'is bound to lose but.
•.The Belgium ruling class has before now had
sufficient warning.of the danger bf attempting to
frustrate the popular will by relying on fraud of
■ this kind, and tho day of reckoning cannot'now be
lorig delayed. In past years tho Belgium working class has partially paralyzed national industry
in struggles over tl.ie franchise, and it is now in a
much stronger position to mako its power felt in
that respect,
As remarked above, in Belgium and other cpun-
. tries, tlie class struggle is rapidly taking on the
appearance of a conflict between Social Democracy
and Clericalism, which is tho last-bulwark of do-
foneo for tho exploiting classes. It is worthy of
note, too, that lho revolutionary elements among
tho peoplo are at last beginning to discover that air
linncr-H with bourgeois -..omenta arc of no service to
1 them in thoir strugglo, tho coalition wij,li the Lib.
oral" olomeat having failed; henceforth they will
rely upon themselves, All this has boon worked
out in Socialist theory years ago, but it sooniingly
requires tho test of experience boforo'it is fiiinlly
nee-opted as a polilic.il tactic in lho struggle,
Another bright" shining -example: of' priestdom*
is our very own beloved,Province,of Quebec •• In
ii recent civic action before a judge in Quebec' (who
by the way.js a French Canadian) a.Ayitriess ID-
stead of kissing the bible fcTrm^pf^oatl. asked 'that'
he be sworn upon his word of honor, on'the ground
"that he is au agnostic, . This the.judge'refi-sed to'
do. The old traditional formula, "so" help me
God" cuts no ice nowadays'.- Perjury can.be committed as 0 unscrupulously under this form of/oath
as any other., To an agnostic, atheist or freethink-'
er a word of honor is sometimes more sacred* than
is the ease with those who give the old book a good
hard smack with their lips. . ."What sacredhess can
be attached to an agnostic swearing by God? He
admittedly does not believe in Him. The man who
walks into the witness box with the intention of
tolling a lie.will hot be deterred from.doing so by
the old-fashioned fear* of God. These "traditions
of the dark ages have long passed. In other countries'the more statement,'".'I affirm" is sufficient'
oath, but, of course, Quebec is so different from
other countries.-, , ...
If the reports appearing in the daily press are. to
lie relied upon, the "striking dockers, 'in London,
England, are beaten.    .The probabilities arc   that
the report is true.     London has a population1 of
6,000,00 and the wyrk along the docks does not require any great amount of skilled labor, machinery
being used to a great extent in discharging cargoes.
The employers have thus a tremendous reservoir of
unemployed to draw on' in -just such an emergency
as this, and the competition for a bare living* among
Ihe'poor of London* is the force that spells defeat
to the strikers and victory to the employers,in any
dispute that involves such a large proportion of unskilled labor as the present one.    The haughty attitude of'the shipowners in refusing to'tolerate
government interference shows that they do, not
need it—can win .better without it, in fact."'   By
the way, the press reports no expressions of condemnation at this attitude.:    What would these
'-organs of public opinion'' say if the, ease were
reversed, and the. strikers had the whip hand,'and
refused the offer of governmental mediation?
yA'COAli CREEK
A-«-; ■;.,--♦
All strikes and lock,outs resolve themselves into
a test of the conditions pf the labor market." If the
market is crowded with workless and work-hungry
slaves, the .employer wins.. If the reverse is the
case, and there is noi;,,a sufficient* surplus of unemployed -that can be easily reached and utilized
by the would-be employer, then the workers win—
if they are not fooled into'accepting "arbitration",
and compromise away-all tliat they might have.se-
cured by going out. ' The "modern slave market
is the Caesar, to'whiclr both .sides appeal .to-settle
the dispute ,and tlie resulting verdict is always, be-
yon^" criticism," for it is always in strict "accord
ance with.the state of the'market;'and the relation
-!o_;-the-suppiy-to-t}ie"-"deraarid*for''labor^"o"'^r.; '
COMMUNICATED
Fornlo, H.C., Juno 12, 10i2
To tho Edltori District Uiianr
DjDiir Sir,—It Ih a matter to bo vo-
grottcd that you pub.ln-.e_l the loiter
of Tiro. Jones In ono ot your recent
Issues, I admit that much might ba
until (m to tbo rolntlvo m«rltB of tlio
various rnndirtaton for tbo offlco of
VIco-I'roBlddnt, but I novor thought
those would bo Riven publicity In your
f t-\... -.   . t.     ti       t. i it        .   r-
.-_............ _»..       ,,.1,      *,*.l, „l*H*J„LLi      1*1   i,r
(.tl.uHn-n It .r <>-xprf>_wly ffirVlrldon to
publlBl* nrtk'low for or (walnut candidates for any ofronco In tlio organization, Artlclo 10, Section 7, rrMirlr.
thug.   "Tbo editor Bhall Imvo charge
'       ■*> »   ■  ' w' **   *■'   •**   W *••*■*•'»
matter of a literary character and
shall ovorsco tho moclinnl-i il work
and Huparlntond tbo make-up of Hie
pnpor, Ilo mny publish jpou request
tlm'announcement -of nny candldato
for offlco, but lio ah all not publish nny
nrtlclo for or i-RUInst any candldato
for offlco In tho orRnnlznUon."
I think we could not do hotter limn
follow thin ruling In tho Bovemmont
,of our own papor, «nd keep such cor-
ro»fc>nder»r«\ ns In going on at present from our columns.    It It nothing
A clergyman, a*recent imporattion from the Old
Country, is incumbent (or incumbrance?) at Coleman,, B.C.. He journeyed to" Blairmore, Alta., the
other day, it is said,-to* rescue the ungodly from
their joyous toboggan slide to. Avernus. It was
a-.Sunday afternoon,, and the miners were utilizing
the opportunity'.of,the temporary Respite from unceasing toiHo enjoy a game of-football and,apparently, did not believe that tlie, reverend gentleman
knew anything more about hell; than they/did. So
thoy did. not go? to church, thereby arousing the
righteous wrath;of the .aristocratic'bible-thumper,'
who is now onthe| warpath, against Sunday football'.; The minors :say?-ho'can go'ahead, thoy are
going fo have,their game anyliow,'and won't go to
churchy so a lively scrap is hr prospect.
A relic of thc "good old timo." hrEngiand, when
property rights* received thoir duo and fitting meed
of consideration from,tho courts, is to be exhibited
in the shape of tho, old convict ship "Success,"
which will tour'tho Atlantic ports this summer,
If tho timbers of the old lndk could speak, what
tales of l#rror would be unfolded!'' Tho colls are
supplied with figures of noted criminals and victims of tho ferocious legislation dirootcd against
thc English .working class of tho eighteenth con-
luiy, nmong them thoso of tho "six mon of Dorset"
who'woro sentenced to soven years transportation
for the"crime of forming an agricultural laborers'
union for tlio purpose of raising their wages ono
shilling u week, Don't kid yourself that such brutalities can happen no moro. Thb action of tho
authorities in keeping offenders against capitalist
property in tho dark cell for ovor a month on n
diet of dry bread and wator, in Kingston, Ont, is
evidence enough that llio temper,of the capitalist
beast has not improved with tlio lapso of time.
moro or Iobb thnn n roflootion on tlio
good Bonno nnd Intolllfronco of tlio
rank nnd fllo of our organization."
Tbla nmttor was up for dlflcusalon at
tbo Inst Idtftl mooting; hold In For-ilo;
whoro n resolution wna piissod con-
domnlnff bucIi praotlcoB, tbo Bamo to
bo published, In tbo District Loilgor
(thouf.li It has riot appoarod yot).
IJrolbor Pnton admitted thnt bo only,
flout Iho lottor In because you had pub**
llBhodtho solf-conceltod, egotistical
K'ltor of Uro. Jonos' In tbo provlous
...£(.<.. U lb to .jo .io.i«ii t-iat in lulu ro , tbo Iiitornntlonal Constitution
will bo followed regarding tbis matter.
I romnln, yours ronpoctfully,
CONSTITUTION,
>tXuiv.—Oar uxtfci-iJMi.. ih not wnoi-
ly correct in Mb Intorprotntlon of tlio
clmiHo In quostlon. Tho matter lias
bnon dlncuBsod on provlous occasion*,
firnl It wan generally understood that
so long as tho offlclnl organ doos not
support nny rnndld/itniy* or rnmment
editorially, or otherwise, on thn olao
lion of offlrwrB, It ''mny pnbKnh upon
loqucst tho nnnouncement of any candidate for offlco." So far ns wo understand iho reading of Artlclo 19,
Section 2, wo aro bound to give such
publicity wlwm r«<_u<.».«4   to  do  no.
Whilst It Ib a QUOBtlon for tho monv
horb of tho organization thomsolvoi to
docldo whothor Hint pnrt of tho Con-
nil union needs amonding or not, as
vlio matter stands at prosont wo nro
Perfectly within our right In accepting
nmiouncomonts of cnndldatoB for publication. Wo show no discrimination,
every candldato Is welcome to t'w columns of tho, District Lodgor.—13dltor.)
SAILORS STRIKE
» ON FRENCH BOAT
J.A."..<-., Franco .Itino H),-—Tho
crow of tl,o French liner, Franco, con-
slstlng of 650 firemen trimmers nnd
Simmon, together with G00 seaman of othor clauHOB, tbis morning
voi<».. Uio OtiC-MMum ot ,t uonorsl
strlko In Havre, and appointed a strike
commltteo. Tho commlttoo has urged the crow of tho Franco, who loft
the vosnol na she was about to nail
for Now York, not to return until torn-
ptnfft sntlsfdfitlott of (heir demands
has boon nccordod. Thoy domnnd an
IneronnA of }<l a mon Hi for tlw flro-
mon, and 14 a month for othor categories. The strikers aro all nsvnl
reservists, j»nd It Is bolle/od they will
endeavor to tlo up vessels In other
ports.
Quite. a-v-sensation.;, was7 caused.'up
here, when..tie/wire-was received.'telling-, of tliejsplemitd .victory gained* "by
the Coal ;Creel:„ Juniors - qyer, 'Mj'chel
last Saturday," and'a great?, crowd as-'
s'embled'a! the"; Depot" tp .welcomevthe
ldds;and; the^clip'. 7;iThe;'cup 'is, now,
occupying* a prominent 'position on the
bar oftthe,'club.- 7".       •   ---.' -\..,y-
Last'Saturday the ?Creek had- Belifr-
vue- as 6pponents,.;ana 'althdugK?the
Creet had -the; best * of, the • play, - yet
they were only able to take one point.
The.result;being, two-goals?each;
- Quite a ' number- of old"Creekites'
came oyer-from" Bellevue to, witness
the' match,'and-to renew old, acquaintances.'- v.        ,     \ , :' ..   .... ,.    ..    '
■ Joe Graftbn was up' here takins, in
the sights last Saturday. The boys
are glad,to' Bee you any time, Joe.-"
Paddy Hughes" paid a visit up here
on Sunday.' The boys "hope you will
come again' soon". Paddy, you "are
sure the _ kid. ' ' '*'•-• ■ y,
' Dan Fowler has left the camu and
taken up his residence at Michel? Will*
you ne'er come liack again, Danny?
Jack Moore,* formerly fire boss, at
Michel, is working up here these days
In No. 1 East.'-        -'■   • ;   "'*-,
Howard . Martin, an. apprentice. in
the machine shop, had the misfortune'
tb be caught in a bolt-cutting 'mac-*
hine. on Tuesday,. sustaining injuries
to his fingers. ' -
. The committe appointed to arrange
the benefit'eonce'rt in aid of the widow
and children of the" late'J.'Wattle-
worth Ueg to thank" the ..residents of
CoafCreek for the prompt and wholehearted manner they have responded,
to their appeal to buy tickets. V Don't"
forget, Monday night, ?Tune'l7th, at 8
o'clock.
- Many adherents of the'rod and gun
are- taking -advantage 'of these, 'idle
,dayfe to partake of their' hobby, but
we, have not noticed any big bags'
coming, into the camp yet. ' Now,
boys, get busy-and show* the,sporting
world what the boys, of Coal, Creek
can do. -    •     " -     ,--   -
Joe Severinie empolyed at 1 South
met with a slight accident to his hand
on Tuesday.^' „. ,     : . _   *
„Mrs.' Cecil'iMinton"wa*s visiting'up
here on Tuesday night, .she was the'
guest of Mr and Mrs? J. Davison.'-' -
-.The Football Club'are to journey to"
Coleman on Saturday to.fulfil a-Lea-*.
gue fixture.' The line up is "as-foi-'
lows: T._ BannsyHesketh-.and ^n*
neil;^Yates,-A'.;Adamson and S. Weav-
a'.-;, Oakley,' Gomme,- W. ' McFegan,
Elackie and Patterson. Reserve:'W
Nightingale'.,. .. ■ *   '  - '.,.,..'-
v Down  they W got* to go, so ■ sa;.-s
tbe Professor, .With Easy Graco. - -A
Jim, Roberts'" were shaking 'hands
with friends up here;.'on Thursday.
♦ ♦ ♦:♦ ♦ ♦♦ «. ^ ♦'♦"♦- ♦
♦',!•.■-A. ■-.':■'■}/':'  '
♦,-.•>   . HOSMER   NOTES.,
♦ . "Looker-on."   ■
♦ '*'"''•''"''
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ + «» ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦«
Wasyl Labais now out,, of the hospital and able to get r.bcut, and we are
pleased to, say that hisvleg is on the
high road.toT-cCovery.,; ,,
In the Michel' notes last week their
reporter'was giving their; Junior Football "_teain * advice.". He .'had Wataon?'
ized'.them'before hand -by,- their performance.',, Look at-hls title "'Rflmb-
lor"—,• i( 'A"AA -'    7
(No personalities/.please.)
Professor Carruth'ers, .the great hyp.
notlst,' has been giving some wonderful demonstrations of his profession in
the Opera Houso on' Saturday and
Monday last; Ho was assisted ' by
some of tbo local talont,. which wns
gront, especially In the lovo scone.
J. - A. Ferguson, of Coleman, lias
started a dancing class ln the Scotia
Hotel, which Is bolng largely attend-
ed and much, enthusiasm, Is bolng
put into tho light fantastic.
Tho Parle Comralsslonors of Vancou-
vor hnvo purchased from H. R. Maun-
droll a grlzzloy boar which was cap-
tured on'1 Mount Hosmor about 14
months ago, bolng ■ thon a fow woolcs
old. Tho boar loft on,Its long jour-
noy to the coast;on Monday morning's paBSonger, nnd Mr. T. A. Cor-
nett, who had tho( con tract for orat-
ing It had a busy time in persuading
hor to loavo hor happy homo,
Tho Hosmor Stakes of 3% furlongs,
wns run on Tuosday, Juno Uth,
on tho Govornmont Road, at tho north
ond of tho town. Tho horsou got
nwny to a good Btnrt. P.' Ingram's'
"noxor" winning hy 8 longths from
Louis Lnnthlor's "Dolly." A gront ilonl
of intorest was taken in tho event by
tho numbor of pooplo who mado tho
Journey out pf town,
„ Hosmor footballers will go to Mlchol
this wook whon the following players
will roprosont tiiom: Hutson; Mc
Quoon nnd Wnrdrop; nice, Bnldor-
Btono and White; Downlo, Wntt, Pnrt-
rldgo, Hutchinson, and .Rankin,.
♦♦■»»»_»»»
number of ffiendsHoVai musical party
on Friday evening.f;.;-.yj A?A'_*"-' A?.:'■
Mr. E. Disney, the lumber m'an from
Coleman- waj.TinvtoVnr'wednesday
looking'up new'-business?     *   'AAA
', Mr." ?Bery Reeves.; __tas'£soi_('""out-? his
buisness at'Maple.Iiea__.and!has"taken
over the management* of ..Mr? Boutffll-
lier's butcherJslOre ■ here7.' *- -'-;- A - ..
, Mr.,Frye,*of,the firih.of Fry!and
St. Clair,, the'go-ahead* ..contractors bf
Blairmore, was' InTtown-on business
this week.- ,, " ,".'A-"''"'*'""'"■.' '*•<" ■
o Magistrate Gresham, of-Frank.'.was
ini. town booking'up old- friends."* ■...
•■ Mrs. Daye took In the'jjights'-jf Coiti-
inan:    ^.-.-" / ".-_ --,,-_', ■'.' '■ "_*■ .* . -,
Mrs. E."*T. Fitzsimnions^was visiting-friends in .Hillcrest oa Friday. .
-Mr Roberts, Purchasing"?Agent of
the Canadian" Coilierles,--Blairniore';
paid a visit to town.this week. ?' -■,- ':
*-'MIss M. A. Murphy and J Miss," A,
Daniels of Bellevue, were "visitors''to
town on Thrsdaiy. 7,       .-   ! .- -'";
Mrs. Duncan and Airs. .Rowell.'.of
Fnpsburg, called on Mrs*.1 -E. T.' Fit?:
oimmons on Thursday .evening. . *- *.
• Mr. and Mrs. P McGuire and fr_mil>*
huve left town and gone to their ranch
near Passburg .  * t .  7
,, Mr. J.' C... Chester visited Passburg
on a business trip this week.     /
5Ir. C 'Fowsley, the energetio'livery
man of Bellevue, paid a flying visit
to town on a business expedition
•,  Messrs' Stevens, Skilling and Sloan
attended a meeting of the, Southern,
Alberta League held inthe Southern'
Hotel,  Believuei for the* purpose of
drawing-up the* schedule of the'Lea-
gue.     The following-is a-list of the
games „ to"., be played  by the" Burmls
team.'^ ■ > y - _ y.-_ .
«. JuneVi2th—HHicrest, home.
June 19th—Hillcrest; away.     '   „
June 26th--^Blairmo're, home.   7
July - 3rd—Coleman, "away.  ,,.
July 10th'.—Lille,' home'.,,. ..   \     ,'
,   July 24th—Coleman, home.    '-
July 31st—Blairmore,-away.      '  " ■
Aug. 7th—Lille; away?   , ,   -   ."  ,7
* ,Mr."J.-C. Chester i>aid a flying weekend visit to.Macleori.^    Nuf "sed. • "    -
-   Master J. P. Murphy "has returned
home again after his "short sojourn in
B.C. *    '    -
Word has been received from the
Deputy Minister of Public Works, vf or
Alberta;, that a bridge will be Bhorlly
constructed across the Old Man River"
at Burmis. This "Bus been a long-felt
want by the people on the other side
of the river,* who are pleased that they
are-'going;-to get what? is coming, to
them at last. ' -,<■■-
'- Messrs.- L. C. ^Stevens'and - Thos.
Sfoan are going through a'' course of
Instruction? in Mine Rescue .'Work at
the* - Mines Rescue. Station at Blalr-'
more","and report good progress.- ' .
, Mr. and'Mrs. A - Ford'? held -a-^ whist
drive on Saturday' evening?'."--, _"'- 7, '
DURMI8 NEWO
By "Vampire,"
*
♦
a party of c. p. n. surveyors wero
In town this wook and poggod off a
iwiUui.. oi ljinii tor n new stallon
which tho 0, P.-R. nro contemplating
building In tho noar future,
Quite a band of Pagan Indlnns wero
onenmpod on tho outskirts of tho town
this wook and appeared to bo travel-
llnsr tho rountry on a bogging cxpe<*ll-
tlon according to tho Junk thoy had
rollnrtffd.
Inspoctor Deichor nnd Sergt. Bow-
ers of tho rt.N.W.M.P, were In town
Wednesdny on their monthly liupec
tlon, .
Mr and Mrs. A. Pord entertained a
bellevue school - ,
.;      ;tr;_jstees objected to.
7_ They'are Union MenNuf Sedl"
' ,The 'following letter'was  received
by-W. Ji. Cole, from H, C. Moore; bar-
,rister-at-law, Frank: *•'■'    '"
-   ■"   •    ' June 6th, 1912
'■ W. J. ^ole, Esq.* Bellevue"Alta. - y -
Dear Sir—Acting for, and on be-
half,of WalterJWarnJ-I;beg',to give
. you .notice that he contests' your
'election as u,trustee to the Bellovuo
Village School District1-election of
May the. 20th'last,-on Vthe following
grounds: ,    - _■-    ,'
1. That John Ollphiiht,- your mover,, was not-a resident ratepayer of
, the Bellovuo School ' District, con-
trary to Sec ,03 of the School Or-
' dlnance's.    . ,/    ;. „  A" '
■    2.   That tho polo for your election
- ns trustee did not.closo at tho ond
of two hours, immediately after the
thirty minutes'.^mentioned In Sec.
C4 as It was'imperative so to do by
the'Chairman under Sec, 68 of said'
ordinance. - 7, .        .   x
- 3. Other grounds not necessary
to mention..
You aro therefore, notified unloBs
you renounce nil right to such'oloc-
tlon ns trustee of said school district
by tho olovonth of Juno next proceedings will bo had and taken to
upset your oloctlon, and the coots
Incurred' In rospoct to tho'Bnmo nro
liable to b6 taxed against you. I
nm enclosing form of renouncement
- If you care'to,sign enmo, -■ ' "
YourB truly,
HARRY O. MOORE
FORM OP RIDNUNOEMIDNT  .
To Robort Corinoly, Esq,, Ohalrraan
of tho llollovuo Village Sohool DU-
trlct, Dollovuo, Alta,
It has como to ray notice that
thoro may have boon lrrogularltlop
in tho rocont elootlon>nt which I
wns purported to bo oloctod ns a
trustoo, I bog to ronounco nil right
that I may have nt prosont to hold
such offlco, but do not walvo any
right that I may hnvo to run and
bo nominated at any futuro olootion
for said ' school trustees,
Dated at Dollevuo,<thls day of
Juno, A.D., 1012.
A Blmllar copy hns beon sont to,Mr.
TO. W. flbrlBtlo Tt wpttW n-Rlic'K-C
wonder who Mr. Onle wirt ObrlBtln
wero. Thoy mny linve put up for tho
sohool board trustees, but thoy havo
got boyijind sohool chlldron. * At tho
olootion or two trustees-hold on May
20th, Mr. Cole wns nt first nrtrnt-intM
by Mr, OUpliant, but his right to
nomliiatod was ohallongbd,*, and Mr,
Stovo Humblo said If thore was any
doubt ns to Mr. Ollphant's right to
nominato, ho would movo Mr. Colo
himself, Soo. 03 of lho School Oi*.
dlnanco readH iu follows: ''Each candidate shall bo nominated by a movor
und M-condor ,oach of whom shall bo
n *"e»!derit ratopnyor ef the dlstr'ot,
aud shall havo paid all taxes due res-
pnctlvely by blm to such dlstrlot."
Soo. OR of Sohool Ordinance: "Tlio
poll shall remain open for two houru
Get a Water Motor Washer
,..>-,    ,   ..»'_'(■   *   . j... ''•_*,'-. *- - - .      ' ',■ -
and BeHappy   ;
j P? (^UAIt
i * *"
■  it-
S    *   v
Hardware
FERNIE
Furniture
The Home of .Daylight Pictures ..*
&> Saturday Progpam
Baby Choice   ,,
" ;    '     Comedy'       . -     -
Piece of Ambergis
Comedy
7 Sables Co: Animated Weekly
20,000 Socialists gather at Union Square.on
May, Day—The Strike Situation in Europe '
;-A new one, that you' have never s'eenbefore and is arfindependent"'
'product. ' -, „    '--.'-• ,,; ■-.,"'' '"*••   . -"    '       '*' '    -''""'
*    ^. .     .-..      -j.,*      - ' ., •    *..     * - -
a; ;The:Pa,j^er Industry y;
*- Industrial
;   U: SAAirtillery y
'-  .  .... ■/ Educational „  ■■•
Tempted ;But True
v-
'■ Dramatic
The.Gbld Lust
..'" -v. _■-.' '"'Western
IPQMING, ATTRACTIONS
A' ? y^ichblisNickkDy y[
., - y \        „,. 7 7 Two Reels v _.,. -
From,Charles' Dlclcon's famous novel. '•') -
The Post Telegrapher
A groat military picture, and Ib Bisons "lOl BoBt.
-",\
4
Our orchestra plays all the latest hits
Free to Lady Patrons-Beautiful Silver Spoon
For two ooupons,-issued Ttios., Thurs.,,& Sat. Matiheo'''.
,,. USIJAL SATURDAY MATINEE
CE. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Busi-
ness and Residential property
nt the end of whloh time it, shall be
closed by tho chairman,' who shall
sum up tho votos and declare tho rosult."
.The reason why tlie poll was
held over tho ntatod time was that
nomo of Hio vMorF* •n'or/i ii/i'Vr *>J'<o Js;
prosslon that tho voting wns to tako
placo a fortnight nftor the nominations and as was noticed nt the previous olootion, Tho voting took placo
Ju.t whon tho' largest majority of the
men woro at work. Lot them irot a
-.Corel ball..t pud thon the tr*. co'en.
of tho i>i 'I'Jnf. men will he »r.nvn, nud
who .llioy v..t,t to represent them Htd
twb' company men boeii clooted, no objections would presumably have boon
rjMsod by Mr, Warn, but at two sympathisers oMbe men wore the victor?,
thnt Is of course another thing,
ffJ <J WIS *^»
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- !' '»i *i *.
y-X  ; THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FEBNIE? B,'tt, JUNE15, lMSy
PAGE SEVEN
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♦■♦"♦ ♦•♦.♦■♦,♦,'■•♦;♦ ,♦"*♦'
,-j MICHE?L NOTES
J'-By^'Ra-mbler.",":; -
.'A .'-
Wl'
h
fl - -
l!  > - -.
1
♦ 7
,♦'♦:*<•> ♦.,♦ * *♦ ♦"•*,.♦ ♦ ♦"♦'
\'.. The ;n_ines here laid off on Monday
owirig.iof car*, shortage., .'7 v-vy/v
" "Red,",? the one and, only,-was on'
- afternoon'*' shift last week, and'according ?to all Accounts, had quite" an-anxious' time on Saturday evening last.
-He-Is a driver In%No.3 mine? and at
, about"" 10.40 'p.m' was seen endeavoring^ to "lead" his" long-eared .compan-
- Ion, Tlm by name," stablewards, by
the'tail chain .'„ This, of course, was
something of a novelty for. Tim, who
al first did not fa!! ir with the rev-
method, .but eventually "Red"' succeed
ed in getting him to the stable. Here,
we are told,' "Red" proceeded to disrobe Tim,' but' after* doing so, instead
"of-hanging .up;the bridle ln thestabie,
-as" is "a,driver's' "wont, hangs up his
lamp instead and makes tracks for the
. r.lampkduso -with  Tim's  bridle.    .Ar-
'-i-ived. there, "Red" thrusts the bridle
through the window and shouts'for his
. .check as ;usual.'   The • nit was * that
, the mistake .was discovered.""    "What-1
.became of Tim'we'do not, know, but
we have it on- good authority that
. "Red"  took him' to *" the wash-house
" aiid they returned to the stable and
/gave-his lamp a drink.  ■ From bits
-. that have leaked, out/weAyould ..say."
*". that this would/be-not, at all'impro-'
' ,bable". for (Red had <-_^ most. exciting
• ahift. "   We  can 'only  ascribe" this-
- queer bit of vj'ork to Red's' rashness
■ and-Tim'si tiredness.    .You  -pretty
near got Senator' Smith' beat, "Red"!
'*   'Mr. . Chas. """"Spence,"' hitherto ,. in
.  charge of'the Trltes-Wood.Store in
.Natal?,has been transferred to their
.   store .here" in- place' of .MrC .Towle,
.. who has returned west.      7   .   ,   .- '
.As was expected,'.a .close game, en-
,  sued between JJichel and, Fernie 'on,
, :'the'latter's ground, -,-and7» a "drawn
game "of, one  eafch .was'. the--result.
, Neither "of the goals scored were' of
1 the brilliant-order.-The, one scored
, by ■ Adamson for Fernie - was 'claimed
-by Michel*players'" and' .spectators
-■-alike to be an offside one pure,and
'■■ bimple,- Adamson standing almost under, the bar when he headed through.
Brown's'goaf for Michel ..was'aiso 'a
__4i*^">"-o:Qet^White!awrwh5-;o\herwise'
played.-- a-'sound- -back * game,ylet
•' his goalkeeper "down badly by pretend-
!   ing to head out and^theri lettingsthe
ball pass,iritd* the net.  '.A draw.caa.
be considered   satisfactory"' from,' a
- Michel'point of view? for Fernie are a
much ■ improved- teara\and',- will take
some beating on-their own. ground; '•
What can ,1' say1' in"' extenuation, of.
' the 'Juniors' defeat at. Hosmer? ' ,1
cannot -get to■ know".'definitely what
' yiie score was.; ,'Ask one'of the Jun-
'' viors^ and he, will. glance sideways, at
you and shyly murmur, "Lost,- C-l."
Another will try" to make you believe
"'"he's ,'tong'ue,tied, and.shuffle out of
;, your company,* whilst" another ,\vill
shamefacedly'announce-It ns, "Lost,
,7:1." To prevent'anything like this
occurlng In futuro matches lt has been
'docldod to send'someone along with
them-In charge of a'pegging board so
. .tliat thoro will bo no'dnngor of tliem
■losing cotint of'tho goals scored ,by
the opposing "teams.    One of the Juniors makes the statement • that sey.
,'   oral of tho Coal Crcok players had
J heir "wIvob at Hosmer watching the
. game, but as I happen to know this
youngster, nm not porpared.to Idas
Ilie Blblo on the strongth of his aaser-
tlon. Cortaln lt Is that although
they,put up a good fight ln the first
half, thoy .were outolnsaod In tho oo-.
cond moiety, but that Is not to be
wondorod at,,, when ono considers the
calibre of the"'.wo'* teams. Bettor
luck noxt tlmo,'boys!.  '
One hns only to atop' Into the reading room"In tho,Michel Hotel to soe
that Mr. Tom Ornhah ls again In
clmrgo,     Thoro certainly Is an lm-
- provoment since' ho took ,lt over, nnd
one can spond a con.fortr.blo hour por-
iifliiig nil tho Intost magazines and
'■   newspnpors—like old times, now,
Mr. Wm, Harlson Imb pulled out for
pastures new.
Mr. John Mooro has rosignod his
position nB flro boss In No, 8 South,
und Mr Joe Mason hns taken up tho
(lilt I OB,
Quito a orowd are going to Gran-
broolt to soo the Cnrvor* V. Nutt eon-
tost. It Bhould bo a fast bout, tho
TiCBt tho Pass has soon for some tlmo,
Of course, wo* all hope Carver comes
out on top,   , ",
Wondor whothor Tommy Shlolds
ever plnyod rugby; or perhaps ho saw
tho "Grip of Iron" played somrnvW..
, A driver ln No. 8 Mine, a Bohemian,
in---, wit.i an uuddont taut Friday, Ills
head was rather badly cut and his leg
slightly Injured.. ' Ho Is Improving
nicely.
Tjho Itov.-Mr. Fakely. who for som«
wii-. hns.boon In chargo cf the Mo-
thodlst Church horo has loft for the
const to tnk6" up similar duties In
W^strnlnstdr Collogo.
The Mlchol Baseball Team, journeyed to Crows Nest on Sunday last to
pull off th«Ir match? Tho game end-
«d In an easy win for tho visitors, the
,   acoro being 25-3 In thulr favor.  Not
too bad that, Lockhartl {;
Mr. George Bedding.on, bandmaster, is re-organising tho Michel Brass
Band nnd we hear thnt'no vera! likely
youngsters hare Joined during the
.. past week. . acorgc un they ,UUe
to music like a burglar takes to bank
notes -,so. that'-'we''can.'look" forwar.dt'to
"_.dme"livelyr music iii the'openfair this
summer,,;,^../,,.!. -'.;•"■"*" .\ r *..".
yGo .where,- you" will'in, the? Pass you
.won't-find- a"*towri- to'-'qompete with
-Mi ehel" for -mongrel: dogs.**,; The" least
the owners'can do at'certain'periods
,is.-t6'fastentthem-up'SQs a"s ."not;";to
cause a public nuisance.- A1 good dog
is a splendid companion, but what people .can see' in the -preservation, of
every "rubbing* rag"- that makes its
"debut" ls past- comprehension. ■ A
little -rifle practice, would?db good,
both from a-, hygienicvand humane
standpoint.- '  .   -r
The. Michel League' team ^entertain
Hosmer next Saturday and'the team
should" annex the maximum number of
points. With .a- view to strengthening the team one or two changes have
been made and 4he-following are selected to represent Michel:,."
Moore;/Mason and Evans; Hamp-
son, - Jenkins and Ferguson; McGov-
ern, Beddington, Challinor, Brown and
Watson. "Reserves: '•' Almond and
Hampton. '"A ,-. .. 7 . •. _?,
- We understand- that Mlchei is not
to lag behind . the .other Pass towns
so far "as sport is concerned, on-July
1st. "arid as in the past the Prairie will
doubtless!be the'scene of some jnter-
esting'evenls.A^rrangements have not
yetheeii completed so,we*cannot give
in detail the composition of the programme." „ The' business, men, both of
Old and New Michel have not hesitated, to-come to the assistance'of the
sports committee; ana their .'efforts'
combinedrwith those of the general
public," have been responsible for the
sum of $600 or thereabouts, which will
constitute .the prize-money on the date
named. "- - - •*    '  •
-. Rev..E. C. Curry has been appointed to the charge" of the Methodist
Church. Michel, and ' commenced'
his. ministry; there ,on Sunday, June
9th. He has just graduated from Col-"
umbia. College, • New Westminster, B.
C, and at the recent. conference in
Victoria.was-received into,- full con-
.nection and, ordained. / Mr. ,Curry,
before .leaving Columbia,;was the recipient'- of the, college- stick,', which is
presented" atAhe close ?6f: the college'
ers* union set agoing "agalnr'v He-is
having a "meeting.in the.-.Miners'; Hall
at. eight o'clock,-when we?bbpe to-see
all-the girls emplo>',ed,;in"and,around
this business there.-*-■"• '"-",■'''?, -  •' '
Mr. John Stevenson,'formerly a fire
boss in Lethbridge Mines, hut latterly
of v Canada" Wesf, Company,' -Taber,
has accepted the position of pit boss
in No: 6 Mine, Gait Collie'rie's. . He
is a young man of varied, experience
in the mining world, havirig-first class
papers for. Great Britain and Canada.
LETHBRIDGE, Alta.? ; June? 12.—
There is still no improvement in work
at the mines, although' a good many
of the " men are. again returning to
work in them", owing to current report that they will be in full swing
before July. -' A ,
■ Last Friday afternoon a slight,.accident^ to the ; winding equipment* occurred about 3 o'cloc.k in No. 6 Mine
raid the men' had to bo'taken, up'* by
No. ,5? It seems'a. car ori-the cage,
slipped the guard and .caught in-the
shaft,- which broke the rope, thej cage
coming back to the.tiottom from a' distance of ab"out'-20 feet. "
■ 'Hugh- Evans ,"fire boss, had a narrow escape of losing his'life on- Saturday "morning, going into a 7 place
where' gas* had ignited and endeavoring to put it out. It seems the man
working there had left a hole already
charged with powder and all ready
for:lighting.- The flame,caught the
squib, and the. siiot going* off, - the
flying; debris caught him> mostly
about the face".and-,head, causing
some very ugly wounds which* requir-,
ed a good number bf stitches by .the
doctor, * This is a dangerous practice
and* one that* should ba'.cut out entirely, men boring' a hole and charging
it even'before,their'place Is*cut by
machine. The management ought to
look into" this and penalize any one
found' guilty-'of such? ''•,''.
It is almost.ohe year.since the Staf-
fordville Council? commenced operations-for putting the„water .into the
village, and?after many hitches they
have- at last' succeeded in getting the
water turned-on yesterday, which'undoubtedly Will be a great'boon to the
people in many „ways," for. the ."'barrel
system has, been"ablamed by the-doctors  summer.: after'.- summer? for thia,
came, and things'"are going-', along
smoothly at-the mines again.
Corbin Local Union is proceeding
well under.new officers, and-the membership is, increasing * by leaps -.and
bounds. I believe at,the present time
it is the best "organized camp, in the
Crow's Nest "Pass? - Tom Harries, In:
ternational Board Member, • and Big
Carl,'International Organizer, were ln
Camp last Wednesday and Thursday
looking over the books' of the" local,
and jhey were,considerably surprised
at the progress made' by, the new officers in organizing. While Tom and
Carl were,here,they, assisted by the
local" officers, got about the last few
non-unionists to join. i   .     '
There is one other we should like to
sefe join.- He is a good unionist at
heart. There was another, but,I am
pleased to say he came and appended
his signature - to "the checkoff - last
week. Good old Bob!,it's up to you
now! '        '; ••
- There appears to .be good feeling between, the, management and men just
now.- Mr. Smith, in"s conjunction with
the president of the Literary'Club, has
granted the Locabthe use of.the club*
ball until such time, as the old Union
Hall Is'vacated, and'it is sincerely
hopedflby all \n the camp that' this
good feeling will last for a long while,
because", where there is' good, feeling
there is n possibility of trouble.
-\ Mr. Tom - Williams,, Inspector? of
Mines was here Thursday and Friday
inspecting the mine7 He found,condi-.
tions satisfactory,'which goes far,to
show the ability of oui; super and other officials., Good' old Tom; - vv*e all
like'to see you": you* have got the
friendship of every one in'camp, and
their best wishes for your future.
Owing to no -appointment being
made-by the Deputy Minister of Mines
of a secretary,of the Board of Examiners for miners* certificates,'in place
of Richard' Jones,' resigned, the examination "has-'been postponed for"'a
month, i'- '- *•
I hear,that'Mrs. Matt Ball is se-i-
ously ill inhospitaUhere. We hopes
for her speedy recovery as she" .s
well' thought of- in\camp. -v   " -   y .
-,01d Bat, the old timer, passed, thro;
here on Tuesday from Crows Nest, on
his way to the Flathead.'"- There's
s^mejJiingjioing_-rO-UtJ,there-this-sun\--
Cook dinner.    Shame on you, Jim.   -
' I wonder what makes some people
so anxious to get mail before breakfast?';      "y       ' \.
D£\ve'Sibbald, Charley Kane and
..Morgan, made a short stay here for a
road-stake.-; 'Call, again boys.
. Try again, George; better luck next
timp." - - D'on't, be, ..so hard-hearted,
Polly!.A A '   7      ,'   *
, There is a good deal of kicking, going-on in camp just now, * especially
by our foreign brothers, They-reckon they are not .being treated as they
should be by our local- doctor. Good
old doc! Try and make amends. We
are all human,*' and they pay the same
price, .$1.50.
Don Kate, the fire warden, has arrived in camp once again after" a few
days visit to the Flathead. He reports things quiet, but that the'river ls
very; high at present. ThlB will prevent prospecting parties from going to
the, Flathead for a few weeks more.
Tliere will be' a grand smoker held
at the Club Hall on June 18th. ' Good
program; all invited to attend. It's
in aiff of our, Literary Club. Let's
have .your patronage, boys.    ,
We have to record the death of Mrs
Matt Ball, who after a serious Illness
olof anyeadwf do ..oti.otted
of only a* few days has passed away.
She leave's a large family to mourn
her loss. Great. sympathy is felt
throughout" the whole camp for th ■.-*_,
especially for* young Matthew.. It is
a great responsibility pn the shoulders
of "a" lad about 18 years, when'Tie
father is away on ihe ranch and also
his "elder brothers. "
The Frank Wine &• Spirit Co.
*  * Wholesale .^Dealers in.
Wines, Liquors and
7 CIGARS
FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK
Phone 83, Frank, Alta.     -      7
Hardware and Furniture
.  '    We have the largest and most- up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
'- in the Pass.    Everything in - '*
Stoves and Ranges
Granite 8. Enamelware
Furniture
"Carpets and Rugs
i „
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
-■A vl
»        -      <.      **■ ■
. Crow's Nest,Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7    yFRAI^K;  Alta.     P.O.Box90
*  '  - - _; l_ '-    " * * I
,»„
year,- arid carried durlng^the ensuing
year by the most popular' student,
elected by ballot by the voto of tho
whole student body. The' presentation
of this trophy Is an excellent tributo
to the good work Mr. Curry has dono
at tlio collogo, and1 tho high oa.ocn-
In which' bo was held for this Ib tho
highest honor a student body can con*
for on n follow otudont. .Mr. Curry
Is well known in tho East Kootenay
District, having spent two yoars tlioro
boforo coming to collogo, ono at Kim-
borly, and the other at Coal Crook.
It Is hoped flir. Curry will'meet with
tho samo success.and popularity' at
Michel tbat lie enjoyod at Columbia
Collogo,
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ '♦
♦ LETHDRIDQE ♦
"different epidemics, sol prevalent in
the Village.-*   ,.,,..".* '   .*     ' *
j The ~. Canadian, manufactured train
was here all day? last .Saturday, ■ and
was open for Inspection by the public,
many, availing themselves of the opportunity. ,Itrwas well worth seeing.
"All arrangements-have, been made
for the flection; on Tuesday, 18th,'for
Vice-President. Bro. *VV' BereAof
Local 574,' goes to,Lethbridge Collieries as neutral scrutineer,"and-A.
Haralltori' to Royal View. -«
"The Co-Operative Is-surely growing
In* business,, and' the -sales are Increasing every week., W. "Walker
hasT^beoii engaged as clerk". A' ''deputation of the Farmers' Union waited'on tho Board of Directors to ascertain, the methods of working and the
advantages to be gained by' being a
mombor bf lt, and requested that some
of them should attend their meeting
on" Monday evening, the 17th,, at -tho
V.liool house on tbo other, side of the
river. 7 Mr, C, peacock and L.-Mooro
were appointed to go and explain
'to them' the many advantages to bo
galnod by'the,farmers by becoming
members ot such an organization.
Tho Convontlon, which ls being hold
In tlio. Labor Tomplo, Friday; first
to discuss tbo advisability of forming
nn Alberta Federation of Labor, has
all tbo nppoaranco of being a hugo
nticcess, as notices from all the different unions throughout tho provlneo
havo boon rocelvod of tholr decision
to eond delogatOB,
P. Jones has boon at Frank writing his examination for flro boss,
John Znmonl, one of tbo oldest
inombors of Local 674, U. building him-
self a, flno C-roomod cottago noar. tho
Minors' Hall.
>' llro, Dogallil hat! boon In bod all tho
wook Boriously ill, Wo all hopo to
Roo'Stovo around again soon,
mer.     He took a Chink with mm.- *
Mary Aim, left Saturday on a "visit
to Michel.., ,~Oh, well; it is only-a
matter of a few days when we shall see
her p]easantNsmile again.-
What Oi Hoko! I'm thirsty; what's
the price? 7 If any'of you bo/s air*
thirsty, ■ place your order with Hjl.c.
r-e's got "'the Michel- goo<Js.- It's
r.'ime.      •   :   ■ ,
Mr. Roy Alloa and Virgo, who havu
1-pon "cut in 'the Flathead coun'rv nil
the winter, prospecting and staking
claims,'went to-Cranbrook this weok
on business. Hope they will succeed
In getting what'they "aro after, they
deserve it'after all the hardships.they
have endured. ,'■ ' "'* ■
O.you, Tony; please"Mr. Pellan.
don't black my face.
Twenty-one to four was the score'.
The office boys put it ovor them, You
surveyors want to develop your muscles beforo you can .wlin, back your,
los't-Iaur'ols, '   '
♦ ♦*_♦ ♦'♦♦♦•♦♦•^►^•■^
♦ '** "  ♦
♦ ; :BELLEVUE ♦
♦ '• ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
_ Mr. J. W. Bennett.,of Fernie, was in
town last week; and stayed at the
Southern Hotel.
Mr^ H. P. Nerwich, editor of the
District Ledger,-was in town on Saturday and stayed .until Monday morning.
Mr? Mitchell,' real "estate agent arrived in town on Sunday, from hit*,
visit to Spokane. ,-; -   r """"
Mr, Harry, Smallwood, from Blairmore, was .visiting,Bellevue on Sun-.
■day-last-andTStayed'-wIt-rJlrrEdward'
Atkinson."
,-_.---* «v, -i   ■ • . .      '
. Mr. Albert Hallworth came in towri
on Monday night-and is expecting going to Lethbridge this week to' be pit
boss there. -, • ■ -'_  ,,, ,.    ,„ ,.   ?
' C M. O'Brien, M.P.P., and Alf./Biid.
den were in?-town last week-end and-
stayed with. Clem Stubbs*.        " • *
Mrs. Bridge and Son came Into town
last week and.' are living in the house
last occupied, by Mr. Jock Miller.
' The preacher at the church on Sunday night was Mr. Adam Lorimer, who
took for hls>ubject "Halting."
Tho Rev W."-H.' Irwln returned home
on Monday'night from his visit to
Edmonton. Miv Irwln* is to stay at
Bellovuo at least another yoar, which
wo are pleased to hear. Mr. Irwin
lias done good work, in, the camp'tho
year bo has beon hero, and ls well Ilk-
ed by all who know him right, as well
as by ,tho foreign olomont of the
camp as ho has dono good work for
them,  giving'thorn  lossons twice  a
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
-. *   > *     . *'
,, * . Importers of        7
-      ITALIAN  PRODUCTS
and Dealers in
"' * ,     ''"   -       ij     .  v
Domestic  Groceries
Agents for Steamship Companies. ; New Michel, B.C.
■ *■      *i" ' * ~ -
-7 ,        7?- „/  Dealer In   'y   Q   "        x''■ .'"
;   Dry Goods,   Boots 8c Shoes
Men's* Furnishings       *
-.*''*■    ■ - _
Groceries.. Fruits,Flour  &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods   ait   Lowest   Prices
TA  i\
Hillcrest
•   a-
Alta.
',' 7 a
Joo Matt was the' Intelligent umplro of this great basoball j week on tho English language, and wo
match. ■' Tho spectators onjoyo'd them- all wish him ovory success for his
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Tho following was rocelvod too lato
for publication In our issuo Inst wook:
Lnflt night tho S, O. R. and Collier;
mot nt tho ball, park under Longuo
auspices, whon a hotly contostcd
gamo ended In j. draw of ono goal
each,
Tho north sldo of tho track la a
notwork of opart ■ this year,  Thoro
nro no loss thnn two football and two
briBob-ill tonmfl.     Tho St. Andrew's
Sunday Sohool played  the St. Patrick Day Sohool team on Monday
ovcnlr.s ".t Ai^p/a Tzx];, -aUJL' «._.
city nutborHU'fi hnv<» hwn gond ftri-
ough to havo lnld out for thoso manly
games, . Tho St. Andrews' won by
17 to fl, but not much credit Ir duo
thorn for tholr win, as many of thorn
potild hf< pi*"""*"! "«il?"7.      J\T<5." flro
tholr manners much credit to them.,
Tho first thing thoy should loam, nt
least, Ib to speak respectfully to tholr
oldors ,and romombor at nil tlmos It
la tho mnnnors thnt mako tho gontlomon.    It don't ihi>w any cleverness
to glvo a sassy answer to any person
older thnn yourself,    Cut lt out, hoys,
Mr. I,j Lo Clair Ib oertatnly doing
good work amongst tho different nn*
Ions hero.    A long standing feud between the Taylor and Elllion Flour
Mill qmployoci has At lait boon do-
finltoly/Mttlod ut>, and hands shaken
tbrough hln «fforts.   Ho is now making an effort to gat tho laundry work-1 re* and InfoIHgonco, ho aoon ovor-
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
"*'
♦ CORBIN NEWS ♦
♦ By "T«rn."   „ ♦
♦ ' ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦<►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Things aro looking up horo at Corbln Just now, Tho mlnon aro work*
Ing stondy, nnd tho minors aro gott-
lug plenty of work, which means plenty of pny,' ho wo can look forward to
n good pay roll at tho company's of*
_Imu llllo lui At ttUlO,
Vurthcr, ll-liii's m<v <wl_l-._,' lilaiil.
tor tho'opening'up of tho "nig Show.
Dig" agnln. I may mention thnt tht«
lo n largo sonm of conl eampuM to
ho ftom 400 to fiOo feot '.hlok from
"iv;!! ir, "..ill. X •.-c.-?A'aivs .in.>unv/itii'
of coal, They aro grading a id laying
a railroad track up to this seam. Tho
work Ib bolng pushed nhoad os quick
ni pofiBlblo by Mr, Smith and McOrnth
no ns to got a good output of coal from
this placo ob icon as po..s!l.lo.
Work at tho mlnos ia proceeding
favorably under our n*w utiporlnt^n-
dent, Mr, nob Sfowa'rt, although lm
was unfortunate In.having a-largo
csvo In IO Tunnel two weokB ago, owing to which a row pUcoa In District
2, commonly called tbo Prime, had to
remain- Idle for « fen' d»yn, which,
thanks to. his bolng a man of r^sour-
sejvos lmmonsoly, If you surveyors
want to win, let your mascot, Christmas play,, ,. . '      ,
, Our new Flro Warden, Goorgo Spencer, has beon initiated into his first
flro in Corbln this summer. Tho flro
In question occurred in a, tlmbor pllo
Just nbovo tho town, which had beon
cut rondy to bo sent into tho mlno.
No doubt tills flro originated by somo
carolosB person throwing down a
match or tobacco fronT a plpo. It
ought to bo a lesson to" us to bo careful In futuVo, ns a flro onco started is
only with gront difficulty put out. Hut
Goorgo managed It aftor two days and
n night of hard work."i .
Our now mnglstratos nro getting
tholr hands In. A llttlo fracaB occurred tho other day, In whloh thb
Gophor King and Nnpoloon II, figured,
Tho Gophor King wns flnod $0 and
bound ovor to koop lho ponco. Ilut
through It all tho King Is hnppy.
Hand knucklors woro displayed at a
soclul party a fow days ngo, Hut our
smart P.O. got wise and topi: posbob-
ton of thorn boforo nny damage was
dono,
Sorry io boo you looking «o down**
henrled; but choor up, eho will, soon
return, Thoro will bo no discolored
vision whllo sho Is away,
Tho inlnoB woro idlo Sundny nnd
,.iuiiu,iy owing to a shortago of care.
"iVi- i/IUii Itnti) a »uclal dunce horo
nt Corbln. IM no fights after them.
WhntO.Kernl'el
(Truo. As a rulo wo mako a clmrgo
to vlow nil boxing contests. And tho
._._.*;<. i-.-v. Kent* ittio trequont our
dnncos rllg.it resont any buoIi addendum.)
Angus'Campbell has taken In Corbln
on his visiting list. 'Hope ho will
stay with ub for a whllo. ■ Drlght lad,
Angus.
I say, Ornish, any dry boxes com**
Ine In now?
Moving picture shows are, a speciality In Corbln. Romano and Co, put
up somo very good films, Thero was
a large attendance Sunday night All
wero dellghM with Tweedtedirra and
his wlf#, In which « mmln tfgurcd.
Wlien you go for a walk tip tho M.
P. and M. always Mlum^tn time te
future in Bellovuo,
Tho Bollovuo Football Club still
hold tho standard for bolng lho only
team in lho Loaguo who hnvo not lost
a match. The boya paid a visit to
Coal Creek on Saturday Inst nnd plnyod n good gnmo with tho Crookttos by,
drawing, tho score bolng 2-2. -. Thoy
returned homo on tho Flyer Snturday
night, or rnthor Sundny morning. It
can bo judged how tired thoy wero
whon thoy lot tho irnln tnko thorn to
Mnclood, but thoy hud a good rldo
for tholr monoy. Much comment is
hoard nbout the way tho referee saw
tho gomo, It la snld that ho had
spectacles and then missed n loj of
tho fouls and offsides.
Tho boyB nro going to Fornlo tm
Snturdny to play football nnd to get
two moro points out of tholr opponents
(hero.
Tho wlfo of Polor Uliorllno arrived
In enmp on Tuondny night from Italy.
Whllo H, Campbell nnd Tom Hug-
dale woro gojng to work nt Hillcrest
last Tliursdny In a buggy the horso
shyod nnd sot off. Tho two occu-
pnnts tried In vain to hold it In chock,
but of no nvnll,n"nd thon thoy tried to
Jump for It, Campbell droppml on
bis wiiHt nnd hurt It, but Dtigdnlo
received a so voro sprained nnklo and
wn» not oblo to plnv wllh iu>lli»vii*> nf
Conl Crook on Snturday. It Ir hoped
thut do will soon bo better lo tnko his
old position with tho Dellevuo boya.
Miss Mnry Kiel loft for Calgary on
Timidity laat,
Mr. Wallnco Raynor, W. II. Irwln
lind Arnold Vnrlcy woro visiting IJlalr-
moro on Wednesday.
Whllo A. C. FlBBsaltl was working
In tho entry of'the No. 1 Mlno Polio-
vue, nnd ongagod In mining tho conl,
n portion of the cdal camo down and
lio received an apparent fracture- of
tho skull, lie Is being attended by
Dr. Mackenzie.
Oladno llruuet.o waa injured whllo
mining conl In No. 140 Chute last
week. Quito a number of accidents
tiavo occurred alneo the mining system tame Into fdre*.
Mr. T, M. Durnctt left for EJuu-U-
ion on Wednesday night's train.
For olhsr Camp naws see Puo* &
HOSMER:
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
*»_   ' "  '
Limited
Let us know your wants.
«aMM_M-SB__B__MB__H_BB_«IM^
' i »
All Orders Receive Our Careful
Attention.
Stephen T. Humble
Dealer in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
Grand Union Hotel
ll        .i r*r\r T?*x » *»      »'i  .
\*\jL,L.iHi;\ii}  mid.
Best of Accommodation,
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR .•-.• Proprietor
Thoro is probably moro trashy stuff
sold In tho baking powder lino than In
nny other line. Most of It contains
Inrgo quantities of alum. To avoid tho
umi of UiU -iungwouit nclri, ace that
all Ingredient* sro plainly stated In
Kngllnh on tho parknge. The words
"No Alum" on the pnekage or In an
ad.t. Is not sufficient.
Our Ads Work
THE PREMIER
FURNISHED ROOMS
Cvsry convenience and comfort, Jutit
Ilk* balng at heme.  One block
from Pest Office.   Cent**
ally loca.sd „
H. A. WILKES, •  Preprlstor
PELL. .T AVE.     .    .    •     PERNIK. ■H
~!-^T^
. *\ -n"
»:?**:- ■ •*  *"--'-.v:-*V.;■'^7':SXWy^^yyyl -  ''      "'   .rf--^^--^-^; ^S yT/ysA 7A>A?^ty^^;4y.;i^.y}y;-y v.?,]* ^ ^AA^DA^'T'^y?"^ '
*-?-*--f-
*-"■>».-» *"
AC-
PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT; LEDGER, TERNIE, 78^0:; JUNE 15,1912.
Waldorf
Hotel
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress,
"!
'. Rates $1.50 and up '
Hot and! Cold Water
Electric Lighted*.
Steam Heated.    <
-Phone in every room.    ,
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday-
Dinner 50c
The .finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks. '
FERNIE
Cigar Store
.*.
Lunch
Counter
JOHN BARBER^D.b.S., L DS.,
DENTIST
Office: Henderson* Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hours: 8.30-to 1. 2 to 5.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
ECKSTEIN & MacNEIL
Barristers & Solicitors, Notaries, &c.
>   Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C.
Lawe Alex. I. Fisher
. LAWE& FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C. . „-.
L.
PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
BLAIRMORE,
ALTA.
Is Now Opened
Clean, Cosy and very
Inviting
Just the place'after the
show or from the rink.,
.
Fred. Armstrong
{f  ''-
•   7 Proprietor "
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO.
.« .* '_ ■
A. McDougall, *Mgr -
Manufacturers, of and Deal-
°      ■ *"'      "'  ,
.ers in all kinds of Rough
"• **> .      ..
and Dressed Lumber
■"
Send us your orders
R 0 Y A1
Iftritt
IX.—THE LOS ANGELES PLAN
It is hardly necessary to point out
that one of the greatest dramas ever,
enacted in the Labor movement took
place in Los Angeles at the last election. " If' was' a magnificent battle,
with Labor united, against, all the
forces of Capital. The imprisonment
of *-th,e McNamaras added to the excitement ,and Socialists and Trade
Union men throughout the 'world
waited with bated breath the outcome of the electoral struggle.
Workingmen, no matter what their
religious, political or economic voice,
stood, with hardly a dissenting voice,
behind the fight of! the Socialist Party
of Los Angeles.   And when the news
of tbo McNamaras' confession   was
flashed over the wires   It   was liter-,
ally1 heartbreaking.      A   'magazine
writer in Los Angeles tells of being
in   a   street, car when'lie heard the
news, and he says that, men wept. All
over the' country that day men o_ Labor wept. ■'    -,   -'*    .
7 It seems^strange that after all,the
unfortunate    bitterness, ? dissension,
crimination and « recrimination'   that
has-existed'for so many   years 'between Socialists and Trade Unionists
all the past' was forgotten   in'-, the
hour of that, great battle.     Yet tliat
is   exactly • what   has     happened in
every part'of the world when Labor
formed its lines of battle?     In, minor
skirmishes,- in the sultry.days about
the camp fires, we may quarrel over
differences' of methods,' or progress,
of'ends.'but .when the fight is on the
class    struggle'- brings    workingmen
shoulder to "shoulder.     Almost   in - a
moment-"the differences of the past
are swept'aside.- We don't ask them.:
Are . youya > Socialist?      Are .you  a
Unionist? A-Do you believe iii  Economic'Determination?   We ask: ,7 Are
you* for us- or' against us?     Do you
fight with" us,_9r scab?   *' . -
And "i if j makes little difference
whether-'it'is _ a great strike or' a
great'; political' battle-—the- workers
know* their". own. Moyer, Haywood,
Pettibpne.-'w'ere -, Socialists, "but ',. the
American Federation of 'Labor.stood
with them. The working class-is a
bigger thingthan? any dogmas;"- and
now arrived >"af that, point In 6ur_ industrial", journey 'where*,we: should"
stand pat, ...and remain ' true to the
cause which.has:for.its "purpose;,the
uplift of humanity:, I ..thoroughly-believe'thaty Organized Labor; In'/Los"
Angeles ha3" taken .the * right""step* In.
affiliating and supporting the Socialist
Party.'- It should take such action all
over the United States.-. Locally we
have increased in .numerical strength
from 6,188 to nearly 17,000." .We' have
made Los Angeles one of.the'be'st Union Label?cities on the- Pacific Cbast.
At the.last'election we assisted in piling up 52,000 votes for the head of
the working class-ticket.-    The coin-
KING'S  HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar supplied with the beat Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
DINING ROOM IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
Central
Hotel
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay ESSE:
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Gall in and
■   i
see us once
JOHN PODBIELANO-K, Prop.
J
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found In such a display of
Meats
We have the beet money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Flih, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welnera and 8auer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phono 58
H O T E L
VENEZIA
ASSAYER
W. » I  » I 1    4 M ♦.■    *    t  .   -       _! ( .,
Chemlit. Bo* OJIM. Nelson, n. C.
Ch»r*e«:~Oolj_. Bllver, L«»<1 or Coi>p«r,
fl i-iioh,     aold<8llv«r, or Silver.f-«a»l,
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Evory person likes to bo comfortable Wo havo tbo latest
design of steam boating appa-
ratus In ovory room. Our menu
la tho boat, Wo guarantee sat"
iefaction. Two blocks from C,
P, It, Dopot, Old nnd now faces
welcomed.
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
\ '
cement FirecFfty'ftnVly'sBs" on apptlea
tlon, , TheJ«ra#(|t c  -    -
In Drltlih Columbia.
Prlcei for other metal*; Coal,
. y ilsy analyses on appllea-
The \*,TKt»t cuiitom eniay office
A. VAN dlESEWALD
THOS, W. COBBAN
Members of tbe VictorU Real
Estate Exchange
Writ* ti* for infonuation about
homes and InvutmenU to victoria
V. 0. Box 000
Cor, Fort and Quadra BatreeU .
Hotel Michel
Michel, B.C.
HEATED WITH 8T6AM
Lighted wllh Tungsten Lamp!
O.t.rmoor Mattreaiea
Clean Linen
Pure Food
Ratee 12.60 per day
M r   |T||r-,.J ■  i   '
W. L. F01SV   -  Manager;
■when-it-is7drawi.Into~battlejiierurlse.
above their^-differences and-become
class-conscious.A""-They "know "where
they -belong jand-, they. fight * for. their
own.     *y A   *'   A
We may speculate as-we please, concerning"'the" relations \ which "should
exist between the Trade 'Unions, and
the" Socialist. Party, but all our rules
will be of'little value, in guiding the
action, of Labor. .'We may discusB
direct action vs. political action, but
the actual movement, will pay. little
attention to our wise . philosophies.
When Labor has once enlisted ln battle It will use the strike • and -the
ballot; It will, develop every force at
Its command to win tho day for the
armies of- Labor..
That* Is what the workers of ,Los
Angeles' are doing. Their strikes and
boycotts have ben broken by the
courts and the' police^ Pickets have
been imprisoned. ' The leaders have
been enjoined to defeat the direct action of the unions? The bossesvused
political action. The workers know
they could play the, game,, too, arid
thoy retorted with the same weapon.'
They formed the Union Labor-Political Club, to solidify their political
powor.
This political club had, of courso,
tho cbolco of two things, ono was to
form a rival party to tho Socialist
Pnrty, which meant to divide tho political forceB ot Labor. Tho other
was to ondorso the Socialist Party,
to join It In manses, nnd to use It nB
tholr weapon In their political battles.
Tho   Union   Labor  Political   Club
might havo acted    on   tho political
field "ns tho Socialist   Labor   Patry
acted on   tho   IndiiBtrlnl   field,    It
mflRht havo formed  a non-SoclallBt
Labor  Parly to  fight  tho  SoclallBt
Party, ri's tho floclnllr: Trado aixl'La'
bor Alllanco waB formed to fight tlio
non-SoclnlUt   Trade   Unions,     Had
that boon dono, we should hnvo hoard
nothing of Los Angoloq, nnd tho fight
thoro would havo ended whon tho vnrl-
our fnctlona had   cut   oach   others'
throats,  nut whon the Union Labor
Political Club ondorsod tho Socialist
Party   It   took   the stand of Labor
throughout tho world.  The Socialist
Party was adopted aa tho political expression ot tho Labor Movomont, nnd
In ono i campaign the working   chits
voto mtm from a few hundred tn tn
amusing 62,000,
tbo Boclallot Par
ing year should add greater laurels to
the crown of labor." ' °*y '„ 7°" ■'
. ^President? Mlsner. of, the" Central
Labor Council:-"The new year opons
bright for • Labor?. Judging from' the
past, greater "gains are to be looked
for., -We must devote all our energy
to'building up:our industrial organizations. Politically we" must remain
and vote as we did at the last 'election
—as a unit for "che Socialist ticket.
That party offers the only hope for the
future that' "affects the.- workingman.
I belongs to the working 7dass and
kiwy something 'of the struggle."
S" Isehauer, ■ of, the;- Blacksmiths:
"We .must concentrate our ,»efforts
more * thoroughly than ever. '""Victory
sure and lasting is "in. sight. ."Continue by all" means the political ac-.
tivity * of the Union 7 Labor? Club,
.which,'of,course, has endorsed -the
Socialist Party."'/-.'   ■     A   '    '
Val O'Lekry' of * the Boilermakers:
"During _,t?ne'v coming; year "we must
thoroughly get'.dur farces together on
the political.field as outlined in the
Socialist, Party..- If, Organized ./Labor
wants recognition it .must take the
reins-of the, .government and ,pass
good laws for all' the people, and not-
for the few.' -It- is the only good thing
to "do.'" ' SSy- ,-'•  ^     '"_ "'s"'   s '
.Frank , Sesma?' Bartenders:'"', "We
must 'double our* membership,' 'de
crease hours arid .increase dur wages
during "the.year.?The lines that'"were
drawn ''during' the campaign inust be;
kept sharply ' defined, from "now, .on.-
We.are'now on', the ' right? political
path.'. -With'7"godd organization and
thorough''"educati6nal'.', work' ,,we',. can
get into, the "game this .fall and.'win.   er of Labor.?
The future looks;-bright   for   organ-
ized'Labor."A;-'''y y . '   f'      ".    •'
-'.'',, WAG. 7 Johnson,f Painters: * ; "We
need'/closer;■ afflilatloh.     We "must
'strike-with the'fist'.and not' with'the
ends of the*fingers'"-.-;.-hope to see a
more general' industrial organization"
during the year."'We must also.keep
up our political organization, " as Ve
can win that way."' * ''
Charles Shields, Bakers: "Take
Organized Labor. as our Industrial
organization aud the" Socialist Party
as our-political expression- and we
will become ,invincible.,' Of course,
the bakers 'are Socialists. -■ Last week
our local reaffirmed t our allegiance to
the party." '.,'
- Juan Ramirez, 'Organizer State
Federation of Labor:./'Wo must keep
everlastingly at organizing work. We
must also act together'on the political
field., Trouble- heretofore has been
that we have hod no unity of action.'
We have , been - voting and pulling
against each othor, - -Wo must work
and stay In the Socialist Party. When
wo get the unskilled working In liar-
mony ln labor organizations our work
will then becomo merely'routlno."  -
J. J. Jonos, ABslBtant Federation:
"Labor Is going to forgo ahead1 tho
coming year as never boforo, We aro
finally learning our political strength,
Wo must now-depend inoro on that
than any other force, In tho past wo
became stagnant, Many of ub, could
not boo that wo wero making head-
way, but now our ranks 'aro nearly
overflowing wlthbooatera? We must
remain In tho Socialist Party by all
moans, It Ib tho strongost forco for
good wo havo. Our Industrial organization should contain' evory un-
Kklllod workman In tho town' during
(lib yoar,"
A. If, Somore, BarborBi "Organlito
and Itoop organising. ISvery-body
muiit lcoop hlH Bhouldor to tlio wliool,
Political action Ib our only recourse.
Organized Labor will never win aa It
now stands, Wo muat organ.m to
get more of what wo produce. Under prevailing conditions, ab fast as
wo obtain an Increase In our wagea
tho prices of commodities are raised
correspondingly, ant} wo gain lltt'o In
tho ond."
George Stein, Typographical:   "We
miiRt organize on tho political at woll
Much ei our
A_.ii   __._._.'-_   </_
that actual, experience has taught-the
workers of Los Angeles. ^ Not one ,of
the" labor leaders above quoted "*sug-'
gests that the union should "close-up
shop' because the .only'effective "action
is'[political action. -Nor does'-any onO
of .'them suggest ■ that ■ .the'.,political
weapon should _b© laid aside and;,the
Trade Unions alone developed; (There
is no time in Los Angeles for", any
such futile, hairsplitting"philosophies:
The .movement^ In Los Angeles is
full of glorious inspiration. , The
Trade Urions have risen above their
craft spirit and have stood forth; to
represent' the entire .working class of
tbat city. The leaders .all declare
ttie necessity of organizing the unskilled. They are working toward the
day when the Trade* Union'will bepow-
erful enough to'protect every man'; woman and child who toils. ;' This is a
truly magnificent ideal, and it lies not
far ahead';'yet to this task the workers
of Los Angeles add'" another, which includes the political "organization of
every-man. woman and?child. ■ A
When", these two. great ideals have
been even A partially. worked out, . it
will mean that .the workers of Los"
Angeles -will dominate the industrial
and political life" of that splendid
city. ? * The lives of the workers in the
shops will'have all ,.the portecf;lqn
that the Trade Union can offer. .The
lives of/.the" workers in" their-homes
will,have all the, protection ' that an
honest";working' class' administration
can give.'/This will.mean" sanitary
improvements, better houses, labor
legislation; impartial courts _ and all
else, that; can benefit labor, in' the
present regime.    ' ■>
When,Labor can achieve such tremendous things by unity and solidarlf
ty, surely it is well to ask ourselves:
Can that be really the friend of the
working class who is forever .creating
division by putting political action ag^
ainst Trade Union action" and Indus,
trial Unionist- against.Craft Unionist?
There are, a million ways of dividing
-the working class. Cranks and fanatics'can often do-it as effectively^ as
Pinkerton operators and corrupt- leaders. -A-But. the hour is not far/distant
when the/working class wiir,refuse*to
.tolerate.'any. divisions,.political or.in-
dustrial, that.means crippling.the pow-*_
y OTTAWA, "'June 10th-^Clyde,Leavit
chief fire inspector of the commission
of ' conservation, has left,for, British
Columbia, where he. wlIL make .provision for the enforcement of the-new regulations drafted by the commission
and approved by'the, railway.board*to
govern railways In preventing - fires
along,their line*.- ,.;    ... -   ■.    •   ,
AMr./LeavItt.will first visit the railway lines In Southern British' Columbia and .will "then, proceed sto. Prince,
Rupert.   The rules "as-issued allow for .
the suspension of the regulation call-"
lng upon railways to use coal oil bn
certain sections. ■ "'   ; ■ ,.*
KENNEDY  &  MANGAN
Lumber for all
Purposes a
here "at* any time andr in "any,.
duanity.' *' fou - cannot ..swamp
,. us with • a large- order,' or give"'
us so small a one that we will
"not'attend to' it.' * '■   , ,  - *y .' -
', THERE ARE BOARDS, BEAMSV
JOISTS,. SHINGLES, Etc.- -,,/
- "for any \kind ,vdf building you,
"may  be at work upon.   Have-
us  send vyou "what .you  want'
when, you/wanf'it. I - .
OFFICE and YARD,   MCPHER80N. AVE., OPP? G. it.   DEPOT, .FERNIE
\<\
THE CANADIAN BANK
A OF COMMERCE    A
'V:
y,r .*,- /SIR EDMUND-WALKER, C.V.O.
_"' ALEXANDER LAIRD _ '. ,     ' 7'   ,
& --    ;_.„  •' 4  , General Manager   - - '. s    ,
-LL.B.. D?C.L,',President ,/* - -
■   _■■     ,  ■ ■    i.      "
JOHN AIRD  -   - ■  ■
" . :■   Assistant General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000
REST,, $12,500,()00
,-,
- 'NEW YORK, May ,31.—Over. 55.000
waiters' and cooks .are .out here. Employers will grant increases,but refuse
toT-sci'gi-ize union,.,. Ate arranglngto'
b\!ng In army of; negroes- from south
to" fill strikers' places."-.;   •A*--*v.-
'^i^G^sism^^^.
...--- ...   ^ ,iffyy:,..-y'
^   ?' Interest.at the current rate :is allowed, on.all'deposits of;$i,and
Upwards. ?' Careful attentlon'is'givenVto* every account / Small accounts-^-
'are-welcomed.'* Accounts may be opehed?and operated by;mail.., .. .,. . ;
; '     Accounts may be opened in the names of^two or'more .persons,. ••
^withdrawals to be made byany one of them or by the survivor, 'y,    &v
'FERNIE BRANCH.   :,. XX'   XyX 7,      J. ■ *-> A.8. DACK, Manafler:
HOTEL
'  BELLEVUE, Alborta
■ 'Eyery  ;,' .- ;,   *
cpnv-enience
, and
attention   y
Moals that taste like
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
WIIIUw Evani, Proprietor,
■ For a perfume that is not weakened by adulteration;,
or foreign chemicals.   Ono quarter of a drop of   ,; .
' , ',;' A*   ' - ' - ' ;:,     "*   ' '• :      "' --  " •«„'"'
Madame Sherry Perfume
*       ^ s •       ' .1*.,       <,      ' . ■*'
is ohough to,uso. This perfume is ono of rofimorit and
rare delicacy; contains all the violet prinoiplos of the
flowers. A penetrating porfume, whoso use suggests
rofinmont and tasto. ' "'
Bleasdell's Drug Store
DRUGS AND STATIONERY PERNXE, B.C.
:aI
ii  inw   niinnriMi   m   -\u      » — - - •■
.  In thin ono oleotlon I«» the industrial iieM.
•any polled nearly   an !««*«'•* bW»J *U«-liu*i
many vol** In Lo» Angeles alono uvs
It had polled In thc entire State of
California at the previous oloctlon.
"The CItlcen," the Labor Union paper of Los Angolos, bus recently pub-
tithed tho views ot the beat known
labor lendera In Loh Angoles con-
coining •the' vnlne of political action.
Some of theio statements aro worth
»ho conalderntlon of Labor throat**
out the country.
L. V. "Duller, Secretory of the Con.
trul r_iibvii' Ct-iiuUl. "DuvIuk the
fear Organitcd Ubor has made pbfe-
nomenal c«lns. Wtien the forces
that havo fong.it ngnlnat ut aro taken
into eon«lder«»lon we have probably
been the moui mllhast city and have
accoiupUitict mci'c, titan auy other In
Amorica. ,. fn fact, the doting year
haa been our banner year.    Wo have
tba chango in sentiment that J« now
manifest. In I_«t Angelet It due te our
remarkable solidarity,' Probably In
no city In Amorica haB such a condi-
libf. UiiUilhtnl uritfell tl.te *M(-ln,U--> '<t.U>
one accord meet on >uch common
ground. Henceforth hott Angoles labor will vote together. Wo have
awakened to tho fact, Tho coming
year mutt wltnoaa renewed political
nr-Mvlfy."
The burden of all the above. atate<
mtintn U tbe Bfttne, Lnbor rnitat or-
m\n\M on the political aa well aa on
tbe Induntrtal field. It mutt use tho
Trade Unions for - II* Industrial ex**
predion, it mutt nae tho ftocUliat
Parly «». |ib polHiral etprewiom. Ia-
hor muit ftrjht vrtth hfith nrmit tf* rf*»
•troy the power of tbo Industrial
boRR.    Thl»   M«tma to bo, tho lenson
A Flash of
Lightning
In just at likely to strike
|      the Iiouho of tho uninsured
'   man ae that of hla moro prudent neighbor.    No building-
' Is Immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
you and havo a lightning
dame attached to tho policy.
Then you needn't worry every
time thero la a thunderstorm,
M, A, KASTNER
Sola Affont for rcrnlo
Htu oriu*
HAMILTON
Capital Paid Up 9 2,870,000.
Reserve and Undivided Profits « 3,600,000
Total AssetiiiiM>.iii„Mi,«tn,iiMiii,i<ii 44,000,000
'Just aB a successful merchant makes ovory
effort to glvo his cuotombrs courteous, officiant attention, so do tho offloors bf tho Dank
ot Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
ovory sorvlBo conslatont with conservative
banking practlco.
No deposit is too small to assure tho depositor conslderato treatment—tho savings
accounts of thoso ln moderate circumstances
nro welcomed with courtesy, and with ab-
senco of unduo formality which makes banking a convenience and a pleasure.
' J. Rt Sloan, Aflr«nt
W. M.JEFFRIES
Jewelery Re&airing a Specialty
Engraving
High class selection of   _
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
m
I
PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES
Try The Ledger For Job Work •' ■^'V':,y''*:7^;.v,
A.*;..' *-". '-?';_. yy
■>' 7*?--*.' ?- \-?':':-
' -' *■ ,. - ■
- -1" ''
.'    .   .   i ".    (*-';■
'■ '   *.*. f
•v •>.     "-•
-. »v
7AAA7 ;" ;y;^^:A■-^■^,?'
T_-_E:^Iiri!&OT-^I^G_--It, „PERNIE,   R. 0., JUNE. 15,1812,
PAGE. NINE
r¥      -'
,  r   -*i      . ».. ■
K-.y_'-!-
|fllli7
Original
^aiid«
Adniy:
Bewarc;of>
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of
MiriardY
Liniment *
y-1^
F' '
IA-
m*mi
You're always welcome here
,'   _ ^ ___=*_____ L_ '
<1 "■     . *   '      I ■■    ,
rt     , . "*■'
' Clean Rooms, Best of
.   Fopcl and every ■
attention .-
^THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
' ■    v -••" -.- ■::'.-" ;,. ■ ••-*   «."";...■' -' *■*.
. Just received,1, a/shipment .of ;
''Epi^-i\PHpNOGBAPHS :.and. :
'^VICTOR' -.GRAMAPffoNES^^V
y'*^Hundredsl?6f '.-latest .Records,' '■
AviolIn"B,yvG_iit'ar8," "AccordeonsV,
■y'SheetjMuslc. etcV etc?'' y"; ^y 'y ,
MACHINES   SOLD;.ON*. EASY'-'
". !»-*'' PAYMENT - PLAN.' A-
' -.     •       .,       ,        ',   -.*, • '?-t-*-.. ■'
KENNEDY'S
DRUG.AND'BOOK 8T0RE,
New. Michel
"THE REXALL STORE."
Slavonian
<*■"/: ■ y>-i%-
t tt'-*'
L. E. McDonald
HORSESHOEING
GENERAL    BLACKSMITHING
'   i -        and
S      CARRIAGE, BUILDING
','      .     . <'
Express and Delivery "Wagons a
■r,;-,        Speciality A?' 7
Fi*
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
. Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
_ A   ,   "Gents' Furnishings  a
BAKER 7AVENUE
BRANCH- AT HOSMER, ,B.CV
IN GER
MACHINE  CO
Italian
LE
BARTON
Fernie   Branch.
Ave.    North
¥¥¥*¥¥-*-MMMMMMME*
Passb urg,' Alta., June" .11th, 1§12
iDrahi Bratia Slovacia voT.eciv_.etcl
'.    ' -      I . .',!t* *-     -'■ :'    ' -j-
Slaviany teras nam prfhodla.-volbi ?vice
Presidenta do naseUo do-naseho-Dis-
triku ya'cd som us skusil ze vela nasili
.    r- -      \. *■...   ». . -*,
Slavianoh sa mov wie-ihteresujotkoho
v'olia do Uradu a koho niaju Vollt ya
yak kazdi druhi robotnik ihusim' poze-
rat- zalopsimy' p6mqrany*"atie.*pome'ry
kto nam ma'napfavlt to.'siiv pervoua
rade naso.Uradnicl a tak.'ml'prideme
ya som obznamenlj.ze na ura'd-vice
Presidenta marae (roh'vibraniti to sa
Brat *Rees' z Pernio,, Brat; Hysk-n s
Coleman,*'nie idem banit Brata Reese,
s Fernie bo ho osobne nie pbziiam nni
Brata .Hyslapa s Coleman; aie jedno
vlern Bratia Slavanl a ot'je to ze nio
potrebno nam pociatocnih"1ucnov. do
na'sej organizacijiabl Ba v nej uclly.a
to v'takom, urade jak je Vice .President muslm prlpomenut zo Braf'lly-
slop s Coleman ma pracu co sub Dis-
trlk dogorca a takomu Uradu jak.   -ie
vice President bl sa nemal tiskat ale
perse sa nauclt-yak organizaciju:.zas-
tavat jednlm Slovom mozem povedat
ze je-na'ten urad.nie skuseni '   Po
druhe.mi ni mame na zladori pad do-
pustlt do.vislh uradoh ludl ktery suna
to nie, sucij - ya bi sorh od porweal
novih nastupnikoh do 'mensili" uradoh
ayestly sa hou stat dobrlmi vodcami
robotneho tak naj dozeraju na'visih
wradnikoh a nej sa yiuaznasuju  sa
naucib„wbotnu  masudobrim   zmerom
viest a tak sa'drapat na velky urad'ya
bi som vam odporucal.',  Brata Joriesa
z Hillcrest, apreco pretd;ze ten clovefc
je skuseni bo us presiel jednu valku
robotnicku   a' co   taky,us ma'?lepsie
skusenosty w.boju proty .     Kapltalu
,co sa Brata Recsa tice on moze-je do-
bri hlap a zastavatel robotnej triedy
ale aj ten-Brat nema'tu skusenost abi
mohol zastewatvuradspod .Presidenta
zato'abisi bratia nie mislilij ze som
pod platen! od'Brata Jonesa ze hood
porucam ale som mal prilezitost ho
osobne sltuslt <na* predoslej Stavke'co
pracovnlka a tak samo na konvencioh.
?Tak vas este raz prosim rosudte vi
to 'sami.to jest7yi popredni Slavlanl a
dbajte na.tq-abi nasa organizacia;sa
z mahala. -*'   •* '  .-'     1 -  .'  "" **"
■' •>     , ■      ,- i- - *   i- ,
* *    Vas spolu.Brat, ; ,   *,
■     ,   JOHN MAGDALL
CONSEGUENZE. ECONOM1CHE'
.    DELLA-GUERRA,   ' A: -\
and Sale Siables ]
t'--
■ Ur '
♦"♦'♦^►♦♦♦.'
1
t
)
I
7FRESH  MILK
delivered,  to   all
parts of "the-.town
■—■——■■—
" * - ,--- ', '   ■ -  »•
Sanders & Verhaest Brothers,;''
i < -- ,        ,  - '\. . • f>.
? Proprietors
3
First class Horses.for Sale?
' v v » ■?„   '
Buys. Horses oh Gommlslon'
I
■     >■    "    ■'        '    *   ■-•■   "'XI
George Barton 7Phone 78 ?|
The Cash
Grocery
Hosmer B.C.
Pay Day Specials
;Saturday, June' IS,   '
OrangoB, reg. ,40, now 25o, dor,
Oranges, reg, ,00, now 30e, dor.i
Orangos, roff, ,00, now 4Bo, doi,
OrangoB, reg, .76, nowBOc, doz,
Lemons,, rog. .60, now 3Bo, dor,
Onions,,Auatrallan, So. par Ib,
Onions, Tiormiidn, 4 for 25c.
Now Cabbngo, rog, ,10 now Do, lb
Strawborrlos, por box, 17!/ac,
Black Chsrrlcs, por box, 17'/a°«
E. F.  RAHAL
% A*
BELLEVUE;
i •       -t '
: ' t jix
v Hair Dressing
,    Pool
Billiards
Cigars
/Tobaccos
Bowling Alley/
i, .      , . .
Drop In
PABERKY Z AMBRIDGE, PA.
7 Ambrldge,'Pa.—Jako vfiade, tak I tu
v, Ambrldge „ VydrSlavane boly ^svla*.-
ky s celou - tou orglou,: ktora je, ug _s_
Jrtu lMtohell, as he was about to
Rtcp on to a stago to addrooa a meeting In Wllkonboro, Pa,, coI^pboI, and
was tnkon to his hotel. Poctors said
ho noodod roit, Sovoral thousand
minora had gathorod to hoar him,
8UBS0RIBB  TO  THE  LEDGER
Tho distinction of publishing tho
first Socialist dally papor in Canada
belongs to tho Finish organization k
Pore Arthur, lt ls Tyoknnsn, lou-?
publlslod as a wookly,       .
List of Locals District 18
i
NAME 8E0. and P. O, ADD RE 83
Bankhoad F. Whoatloy, Dankhoad, Alta.
Hc^vci Ciivli P. GuuHuioii, titittver Creek) via 1'incher
T.M1ovuo.,' J. Itnrltc, DklteYim, F«i.iJ., Midi,
Blairmoro......... W, L. Evans, Llllo, Alta.
n.lrmlB............ J. Magdall. Passburg, Alta.
Carbondalo 3. Loniborry, Carbondalo, Coloman, Alta.
Canmoro  N. D. Thachuk, Canmoro, Altn,
''oiimii  IV, OriiiUi, G_.ku.-Ui, Aits..
Corbln    O, M. Lafforty. Corbln, B. 0,   ii
Chinook Mines .... P. Kelly, Diamond City, Alta,
Diamond City Albort 5Jak, Diamond City, Lothbridgo.
Fornlo Tbos. Uphill, Pernio, S. O,
Frank, Jas. Kennody, Frank, Alta.
1407..Hosmor W, Baldorstono, Hosmor, It. C, fl
10158  Hillcrest  J. O, Jones, Hillcrest, Alta.
LalM-ridge L. Mooro,   004. Bktwnlli Ht., North ''.othbrldffo.
lethbridge ColHerles Frank lUrlnshatn, sec, via,, Klpp, Aita.
Llllo ,  W. L, Evans, Lille, Frank, Alia
Maple Leaf...«... J. Magdall, Fassbiirjr, Alta.
Michel M. Durrell, Michel, D, C.
Monarch Mine S. Moorcroft, Monarch Mine, Taber, Alt*.
Panburf., J. Magdall, Passbur/r, Alta.
Royal View Thoa, D. fl aler, Jloyal Colllerlss, Lothbrldg*. All*
Tiber....,,..,.,.. A. Patter** », Taberr Alta.
Tabor.  Ji*. Wll son, Taber, Alt*.   >
lh\j,-
. 80
* v *
040
:S227
-1387
w-*:
:2877
1120
:2178
8314
4209
874
-1180
1233
■J._9
8334
14
73353
tf»H»
1189
102
podobnymf sviatkami" sppjena. Kaidy,
aby dokazal, 2e Je dobry katollk, zaor-
deroval sl.piva, tej tviardej a vlna, prl
Com si kupll aj n'ojaku",tu handru, aby
mohol 1st' pred-"tvar'j Spasltel'ovu. •.
.Mame tu 16 kostolov—cele meste-
6ko ma asL500,obyvaterov—a ygetky.
boly preplnehe.- "-Mnohl 'sl^brall tu
naboi-e'nskost' "tak" do1 hlavy,- 2e k'.ve-
6eru u". pracovaly noJie a -sokery.
Jeden mlady 61ovek tu dostal 18 ran
noZnlcaml. -Krv sa z noho len tak
valila ani z vola."' •' Mnohi skakall a
vyskall, boly to Ylastne zvuky,' ktore
vydavd zo Bebd diva zver, ked' Jo ra
noria..... A povedzto takemu clovo-
kovl nleCb oprotl takemu nesluSne^iu'
OBlavbvanJu KviBtoyoho harodenla, za-(
kole-vas na ralo.ro,
- .ZvlaSt' obaiuvJivi. si1 toho neslme
dovollt', zlskavnl by al tym len no-
prlatel'ovia mu'sel by zapert' budu.
Boztalc Jo ten maloobchodhlk lon'otro-
kom. Musi kupoval' od vol'kokupcov
a tl mu nochaju lento l'ko uSiltku, aby
mohol 21voi'lt\ Olcrom toho Je vel'kd
kohkurrencla-.a mnoho Ba musl dat' na
nlalcaty a' na oznamovanlo, to ostatno
nl8 nodoneBlb, A tak'sa Btava, So
i ton maloobchodnlk Jo otrokom kapltalu, pravo takr Jako robotnik, ktory
zo svbjoj dennoj placo ani vyilt* no-
moZo.
To jo ,tlo_i prieina, So v naSoj sekdl
Biiizastupen! I maloobchodnlci. Jo loh
tam 0, Okrom toho bu rnedzi nam!
traja kontrahtorl, jodon archlbkt, noi
1G romoBoInlkov a ostatnl, Jo nas
asl 05, a proto dt'adlmo z vosola do
buduonostl. V tomto roku budu u
nasvol'by, a my'ohcbmo a naBJml vo-'
pred, Na mlnulych vol'baeh smo
zvollll Jodnoho/skvajora, ktory Ba ul
osvodeil, Se jo za robotnu trlodu, Co
sa, tu dialo pf-od tym prod nkvajorml,
to bol straoh, Na prlklad jeden gai-
da noolial skvajerom kolloktovat' $13
od bvoJIio bordlnlcofia, Skvajor iSlol
a zastavll bordlngoiovl placu v gum-
mo ,148, vyzdvlhnul Ju a nodal V1I6 ani
gasdovl, ani bordliiRosovl. Tlordlngoft
Iftlol toda a prosll gn'zdu, aby mu z
toho nloco vratll, alo jako bolo Joho
sldamanlo, hod' tento mu hovorll, lo
nlo nedOBtal. Su toda nail uradnlcl
onto horftt, nei eu knazl, bo tlto voz-
mu, Ion kod' lm nloltto doncslo, kdo^
to tlto vozmu 'na sllu, A proto mu-
slmo bojovnt' proti dnofinomu spolofi-
onskomu znrlndonlu. To spravlmo
tym, kod' si budemo yollt' do urndov
-.r.-lch VuJl „l 410 mno iiujvjBSietio.
Aby toto nn To mitiiior uluto, <t ia **
postnraju nnfil sudruhovla, ktori nou-
navno, vytrvanllvo a hrdlnsky budu
kaldy v svojom okoll pracovnt', ktorl
budu noi easopls, nnRu n, L.' rozllro-
vnf n v?*sj-»-c t*;^,^,*,-, \Kiuuu
na "Velobnu Jednotu" imo t doplsu
vypustlll, tu hi vezmomo na starost'
my.   Pozn. rod) k.K.
,,-Si consumauo ins Italia circa ;clnque
milioni di quintali di 'grano al" rdese.
Contando che il rincaro del-grano
dovuto airaz'ione.della guerra "sla,soltanto di^tre lire per. quintale sono
aduhque 15 millonl di lire che la N'a-,
zione italiana, per causa della guerra,-
e.senza'alcun utile per I9 Stato, che
anzi perde sul dimin'uito provento dei
dazio di ■ im'portazjone, paga mensil-
"meute" in puro . aumento del tributo
protezionista, di cui e gravata in modo
esoso, sul suo pane quotidiano.
'I prezzi del grano oggi .iii Italia
hanno ragglunto press&che- I prezzi
massimi ai quali erano saliti a fine
d'aprlle deH'infausta, e nangulnosa
primavera 1898.
Allora', bencho tardl, il Governo 'fu
sospinto da ltum ultl popolari a sos-
pendere la riscossione del dazib sul
gr.ano.   '
Oggi la sola ragione cho si pud ser-
iamente addurre contro la conven-
ienza e la opportunita dello stesso
provvedimento • e- quella die onesta-
mente511 Governo non vuol dire,, cioe
che, col bllancio gla dissestato per la
guerra, non si puo, senza inaggior dan-
no rinunciare anche per pochi" milioni
di lire, al provento del dazio sul grano
prevVntiv/ito in 65, milioni di lire per
i'esercizio finanziario ln  corao 1911-
,1912.     , '       ' * -   * , - . .    ;      „
Ora slcpmincia a vedere die e stata
una pessim't i.olitlci f,u-_!;a di scon-
yi-'gere la solidita cosl penosamente
cohquist'ata delvno.t.o bllancio neirim-
presa tripolina, invece che di farla
servire alle riforme tribulaire e demo-
cratiche tante volte .promesse e- non
mal attuate a.'favore.del popolo itali-'
ano.    .' , ,   '    A A „*
Qua squindicina dl ' anni' addietro,
quando' sul mercato internazionale i
prezzi del grano erano al disotto delle
18 lire per quintale,' gli "agrai" italiani
gIustificavano.il dazib. di lire '7.5*
come una^ misura* straordinaria, di
carattere' purainente' transitorio,, in-
tesa a" permettere il' perfezlonamento
c'eiragricoltura nazlonale, coh'inipe-
dire che il prezzo del grano sul "mer:"
cato interno discendesse sotto 11
"limite -rimuheratore," che essi flssa-
vaibo, senza.il contradditorio.dei c»n-
sumatorl, a lire 25'per puintale pio.
mettendo; solen--cn_-..-te che, appena
qvel limite.rl-jultas:!'? assicurato, e»s'
*a*» jebbero spontari*) uncnte ri'nuna'i • to
alln parte .superflun di prbtezloue -
,Piu tradl, qu-intlo gll ."agrari", avre-
bbero avutb 11dovere di mantenere la
-loro^cos_odo"2i*altra'*ta"grong_dell£r"fu5^"
zlohe' esBenzIalmente fiscale",del daz^
lo slu'grano;'bd.l minlstrl del Tesoro
e"delle Finanze si opposero'con ac-
canimento alia sua. modesta rlduzlone
di due o tre lire per quintale?' per cui
sarebbero stati sufficieatt 0 sarebbero
stati molto utilmente impiegati -gli
avanzl/effettlvl del bllancio .itallano
nel periodo purtroppo adesso ces sato
delta sua. fiorldezza autentlca.
Ora la guerra; ha dlstrutto gll avanzl accumulatlBl ed ha — checche si
dlca in contrario — aperto dlnuovo la
falla dello sparegglo nel bllancio dello
Stato itallano.
•, B, se alio speBO della guerra, che va
e andra in' lungo, che dl molto occe-
dono quelloper lo quail 11 Parlamonto
ha gla dato una prima au(orizzazlono,
el agglurigono quelle che l'ltalia dovrn,
tiopportaro a fornlo perduto per 11
prlmo lmplanto della sua nuova col-
onla africana, si fara presto ad aumen-
tnrb 11 noBtro debito pubbllco dl un
milinrdo b mezzo 0 dl due mlllardi dl
llro, per 11 cui sompH-o'Borvljslb dogll
lntereBBl al dovra fitnnziaro ln pcrpo-
tuo'nel bllancio dello Stato Italiano
una spesa annua almon'o pari al provento medio orarlale ■ del'; dazio sul
grano. "
'SYNOPSIS OF'cOAIi MIXIXG
; ,-,; ' UEGUL.VTXOXS
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, in Manitoba. Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the l'ukon Territory,,the North
West Territories and in a portion of
the. province of British Columbia, may
be-'leased for, a term of tweniv-one
years at an annual rental of SI an'acre.
Not Jnore than 2,500 acres wll be leased
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the 'applicant in person 10 the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in
which the rights applied for are situated. , , , -.-.-,. ,., ■ --
Jn surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal,, sub-divisions of sections, and "in unsurve"yed7
territory.the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself;
' Each aplication must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if
tho rights-applied ,for aro not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on tho merchantable output of the
mino at tho rate-of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mino shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for tho full quantity of merchantable coal mined-an dpay tho royalty thereon. If the coal mining
rights aro not being operated, such
returns should be furnished at least
onco a year.            *    -   ■
The lease will include the coal mlstng
rights only, but the lessee may bo permitted to purchase .whatever avallablo
surface rights may'bo considered necessary for tho working of the mlno
at' tho rato of $10.00 an acre. 1 «      ,
For    full    information    application
should bo mado to the Secretary of the
Department of tho Interior. Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands. , , * ' ?'
• W.'W. Cory.
Deputy Minister of the'Interior.
KB—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.
The duain Electpic Go., Ltd.
,'.V:,.;'. Electrical  Engineers \
,■ '   4      . Electrical Supplies & Fixtures
Motors
Generators
_ v _
& Vacuni
Systems   "
Electric
Wiring,   A
Telephone and
Power Line   ".
Construction
rf* ,
.   Head Office
Cranbrook, B:C.
Branches      -- -     7 ,
Fernie & Medicine H_£t
SEALED TENREnS addressed to tho
undersigned, and- endorsed "Tender for
Wharf at Boswell, B. C,." will be received at this office until _ p.m., on Tuesday, July 2, 1912, ,for the conslructlon
of a Pile Bent Wharf at Boswell. Division of Nelson, Kootenay District, B.C.
Plans, specification and form .of contract can be seen and forms of< tender
obtained at this Department and at tho
offices of G. A. Keefer. Esq., District1
Engineer, New,Westminster. B.C., and
on application to. the Postmaster at
^'•Iotorla,'B.C.       ..   .
Persons tendering are notified that
tenders will not be considered unless
made on the printed,forms supplied and
signed with their actual signatures,
stating their occupations and places ot
residence. In the case of firm's, the
actual signature, the nature of the occupation, and place of residence of each
member of the firm must be tflven.
•Ba.eh'tender, must be accompanied by
an accepted' cheque on a chartered
bank,- payable to the order of the Honourable ,the Minister of Public oWnrks.
equal to ten' per cent (10 p.c.) of the
amount of -the tender, which will be
forfeited if the- person tendering decline to enter'-Into a contract when
called upon - to do so, or fall ,to complete the work contracted for.. If the
tender be not accepted the cheque will
be returned, v       *■'
This Department does not bind itself
to accept the lowest or any tender.
By order.'
■'■   - >■       ■      R. C. DESROCHERS.',
1 * ^     <f Sccrstury
Department of?Public "Works.
-Ottawa, May 30, 1912.
", Newspapers '.will .not  be   paid   for
this , advertisement If- they Insert    It'
•without authority from the Department
—22856,     ~    y   \,  . . 43-3t
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
'6,000,000       Capita!   Paid  Up       5,996,900 ■
5,996,900    ' Total Assets      72,000,000
Dv R. WILKIE. President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
.   BRANCHES. IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamioops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
" Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
. Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH °      GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager ,'
Fernie Academy of Shorthand
and Typewriting
Two  Classes Weekly.   Tuesdays and  Fridays
■'"    from 7.30 to 9.30 in the evening
Private lessens and select classes by arrangement-
Tel. 179 E^ehingsA       \,   -y- 48 A Days j
THE BLOOD 8UCKER
SEALED TENRERS addressed to .the
undersigned, and endorsed "Tender for
Wharf at Needles, B. C." will be received at this office until 4'p.m., on Thursday, July '4, 1912,' for the construction
of a Pile Bent Wharf at Needles. Division of Arrow Lake, District of Kootenay, B. C,   .    '    >
r.-ens, specification and form of contrast can .be'seen and forms of,tender
obtained at this Department and at the
of'lc.bs.of C. C-Worsfold, Esq,.'District
Engineer, Now Westminster, B. C„ and
on application" to the Postmnstor at
Needlos, B. 0„ and Victoria, B.C.
Persons tondorlng are notified that
tenders will not-be considered unless
mado on tho printed forms supplied and
signed with their actual signatures,
stating their-occupations and places of
residence In-tho caso of firms, the
actual slgnaturo, tho nature of tbo ocs-
•opatlon, and placo pf residence of each
mombor of tho firm must b-j given,
.Each tender must bo accompanied bv
an accepted cheque on a chartered
bank, payable to the ordor of tho Honourable tho Minister of Public .Works,
equal to ton per cent (10- p.c.) of thn
amount of tho tender, which will bo
forfeited If tho person tendering do-
e)lno to ontor Into n contract when
called upon to do ho, or fall to "nm-
ploto tho work contracted.for.. If tho
tender, bo not accepted tho choquo will
ho roturnod. - „
Tho Department does not hind ItHelf
to ncoept tho lowest or any tender.
By order,
h. CDESnOCHERS,
_ Hccrotfl.ry
Department of Public Works,
Ottawa, Juno 5, 1»12,
NowBpaporH will  not  be paid   .or
this nclvorUHoment if thoy insert    It
without authority from tho Department
-—HH8I53, ,', "jfl-St
&  Motor Cycles
If you are {..linking of getting a Bicycle or Motor Cyclo
See John Minton, Fernie Bicyle Store
He has high-grade Cycles to suit any intending purchaser."
The Ci C. M. Motor Cycle, nothing better;- go as slow as you
like and as fast as you dare.    Solo agent for following wheels:
CLEVELAND BRANTFORD
PERFECT MASSY SILVER RIBBON,
B, S. A. DOMINION. CYCLES.
and any othor make of machine supplied to order.   , Beware of
Cheap Cycles—they are Dear.
Cycles on Hire."    Accessories.   Repairs neatly exebuted.
, A mosquito alighted on a working-
man's noBO and soon was drinking IiIb
blood. ' Tho, working man 'mndo wry
facoB, but showed no deposition to
swat Mm ono.
"TIiIb mosquito Is certainly vory
painful," ho romnrked to a friend who
sat by him.
"Thon why don't you bruBh hlin
nsldoT" ,
"Imposslblo," replied tho Working'
mnn, "Don't you know \hoy havo boon
tailing ub that to stop tho blood suck-
ors would bronk up tho homo?"
"And destroy religion," nsiontod tho
othor,
"It would bo against hiimnh nnturo,"
"And reduce all to a dead lovol of
equality."
Tho Worklngmnn groaned and
thought of tho homily of patience,
And just thorn another MoBqulto nil*
ghtod on IiIb chock.
Polities Ib « different nffnlr slnco
the T_nwrenco strike. You can fairly
hftnr thr* wcirhl hiiTi- with j^c?. _■ ";■«.
vising their oplnlftnn anrt InyWip
aside tholr old views, fn Now York
City mon who four months ago wero
talking about tenement houso Inspection are today talking about tho
maBB movement nf lnbor nm. tv«
forcible expropriation of tho, rich,
Hay fitannsrd Daker in the American
Magnzlno writes tbat tho tlmo may
cor.0 whon tho Socialist Party will
actually be the great conservative
party, the bulwark of law and order.
Lincoln H.e.fcnK brought  back   word
™»wrrukTA^ »"»» •ttMwIy win. to look upon the
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
i
Cigars
•ni© HOMEgggj:
B&NKum
of CANADA
Every
Corporation
Exacts Civility
Catarrh Ccuuiot Bo Cured
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
Head
Office
Evory corporation dealing with tho public, instructs its clerks to exorcise civility and courtesy
at all times, and thoso instructions aro not insisted
upon moro rigidly by any corporations than by
tho Chartorod Banks of Canada. Honesty, civility
and accuracy aro tho requirements in a competent
bank olork and tho young man who possesses thoso
qualities is nuirked for an oarly advance in tho
ranks of his profession. u»
Ti~\ *D r\ IVYT-T'l    Branches Mi connections
1 U KU IN IU throughout Canada
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager.
Fernie Branch.
yon nun n__ Ul*r»tl i*_l*41m. iun*» CiUi-H.
in* birtxj tad m»«to.7.9.f_iM», jruiri cium.
*__!! i*.** ■ ^M? •?*«'-»*, » **« t**-
wrtua br «m tt tfc* tMt j*nn«i._ in -t-ji*
MOktry .<* jtmm t»4 U t r»nUr p-iM.tf.4k*.
It tt n»MMd et m hut twin known. «»•
Mm! wlii »• MM Um-I twrten*. •rttwr «■
foBbluilM) »t th* rw» h»mi,ffi.nf_i u v/W. ucn-
_k»S im tM!l_M*liii, m*. ^
f. t, fniWI.T * CO,, Prop... T.U«h, 0,'
fit>M hf Prartlid, ptlf» T_*.
T«k« tTitl'* TtMitf nm M ««_)«_?•-..»
American Federation of Labor at
their last hope.  And at for tb« poll*
tlcnl Issues tbat furnish material for
presidential campaign spenches, recall or ju-tfea and constitutional Mb*
fci-.U-H,—iu> f*j'***lni. ol>t«fV«r of political conditions regards then any
longer os serious, either for good or
for ».IL—-TlHf Matwa.
Fcmic-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Boltl8tJ Goods a Specially
"W% J MAM  *«• <<5> 5»
«#«i_|i*l_<«»Ct)V_.0
_-.,S»
%JHL
I
Dr. Kelley
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison
Hptclsl trc/itiiient for ollmr _ll*t»Je» of mon: Nttou* \V>»V».*i*«,
Varleu* V*l_i», It r tl roe t\t, llloo.l nud tkla tH.«Mfr«. «*re« Vtttt; Kl*.
mty, ItUddtr anil lire.*. lUnoritfrn, tie* *mi Coninttti AUmtmla,
I'roatat* OUbiI tnriawmiidoa. Old Chranle CttmiHIotui.
Museum of Anatomy
In this Orral M_i»m If ahown bv lire, aim mrx."!*, m^nsrr.inltln*.
norniftl nnil iil-finnri.il condltlann ot ll>« varlotja pacta ct tlia btxly, lllu»>
tratlng- fully 1-otli meut* aad rlir»al-> _lliM«»a mt m**,
Free Consultation and Advice
MV MOTTO. Qt'K'K, t*A*TIN« «l'..n.%!<TKin. Cl nE* AT MOIII-R.
ATH COHT. "
K'i»*H M#dt.al l_iamlaa(la« .*»-*. I'r#a Kiawlaallaa •( Urla*
•wll.a wartaaary. C'oaaal. M«—• KIIKI--. IH»_t*. lM*rt Dalara *»♦
-laavaraaa. Call *r wrllt. Vt*t naalt. I_.«r>lala« ««altd«atlal. llavrai
n m.m, tit v p.m.[ Miimtarii 1-1 a.m. ta I uaa.
Dr. Kelley*s Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
l
<> •-,
-** -\*. <a.'-\~: *•?--
',"   t'i«    '/-I.
*  '    -   ,
.-* , "v.* ir^**^*-.-
Tt   _-
,; '", .77?"'* 7 "" ■- *',' AAv'*--V'-7
'.'■_,* ,*,-*_:  *   >y..
*v* -\y V*. -
A.'. \
•- i*-^>-. -
.... \. -.'
.-    J,' • l   * v..
"*-'.'   0    .*   >■" '
PAGE TEN
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,' FERNIE,    B; 0., JUNE 15,1912.
Special Prices on
Whiteweap, Saturday
All our stock of "White/wear goes on sale.   Every
garment specially reduced.     This includes Corstjfc
***>    Covers, Drawers, Nightdresses,' Princess1 Slips, Com-
-   binations and underskirts.      These values have
. > . ■   - ■■ .        "
never been-surpassed,at .full prices, and at the
reduced prices now" being offered should, make
every "careful buyer^eplenish their stock whilst this
opportunity presents itself."   On Sale for Saturday   •
and Monday only.    See our Window display.
BEDSPREADS—Fine Honeycomb, and Damask
*    Bedspread',, largo size.   These are'wonderful value..
Yalues up to &2.50.     On Sale Saturday $1.60.-.
LISLE HOSE FOR LADIES y    '
Just arrived, n shipment of Ladies' Silk Hose, ■
Lisle tops and soles.     In colors of black, tan, sky, t
and pink.    In wear have all the appftarar.ee of gjt
bli silk stocking. Special 75c. per pair.
' 0>ving to the late,arrival_o__,a large shipment of ~ our Spriflg Clothing, we have decided' to^slaugh-y y
ter _■£.   .This gives you a change tc buy'^clothing   of celebrated makes, such as 20th" Century p'Camp-*'-
bell's, Kellert's and Fit'Keform, at-prices that will   clean up.the.wliole shipment,.   Every garment, is A '
X guaranteed to be, first-class in material, workman-   ship and fit, you can be sure of. getting a.suifrthat
will keep,its'shape. ;- ,       A    ' _■ ,'  ?. y-_ SA A/"'A;" V A A -  7. * * -   •■'. -, A.
,,%-,-
Sale lasts Saturda^M(Kta     15 tiSl
Space will not permit giving full.details/but-if - you need a, suit or will need one this'year, don't -,
let this opportunity pass you'by A- -A,"    - .   '      7-'-'   %    '       A ' : -77'  •;,  - _/'*- y
' "- -      '.      , "'      ,_^i- '  ■   ' ,, ?       ,        •" '
'     Three Sale Prices are:
,' v"
Saturday Specials
;25
"25
.25
.75
.25
Ready-to-Wear
Department
SPECIAL PAY-DAY SALE°OF LADIES' SUITS. ,
Never before in Ferniehave such' sacrifices been .
made. We are determined to clear our Suits re-
wirdless of cost. These Suits will be on sale, Saturday morning, andenone will'be sold before that
time. _ Think' what this means in saving to you.
Tliey eome in browns, greens, navys and blacks,,
made in a fine cloth; with collars handsomelybraid-
' ed, and .coats lined throughout.     We have only
nineteen ol' these bargain Suits to sell. '  You niust '
shop early to' make your selection, and thus avoid
.'disappointment.     Sizes1 range from,32 to 42 and--,
the price will be only $5.00. y See .Window Display.;.
LADIES'   WRAPPERS   .
In colors of navy, black and red; nice cool gar- /
.',    ments for the warm .weather?   "Made in a good,
"■' ?'quality print.     All sizes." 'Regular' $2.25. SatuiA
.day, $1.50. ,' ,':,     ' ",-- !A      -    " A*
.25,
*  .75
u_
LOT I,—New Models in single and double-breast-'
ed coats in a large variety, of hand finished worst-
;. eds and fancy, tweeds, values,'up to $18.00.-> , All
sizes from 35 to 46 chest' measure!   7' ? ■     .""-     '„-- -
LOT 2.—Men's single-breasted -two.and three-
buttons   sacks (athletic cut), with broad shoulders/
These are hand-tailored garments worth up to $25.   '
AU'colors and sizes from 34t'o",44 chest.       *   ',' -
*$
. 7 LOT 8—This lot includes the highest- grade Hand-'
, tailored garments money can buy, beautifully fin-,
* .- jslied-and made in tlie latest models.   \New worst-?■
'-'ed arid* tweeds, in blue; Alack and-mixed colors.;
*   Values-up to $40.00.;, All sizes,'35 to 44'chest. ,'
fustseewr
^^_____r   * __•
•v
:\( Lima-Beans,-3 lb.'for*7'...-.S.\7.1 S\: '.'.■■;•
7-Mrs. Stewart's Liquid Blueing,' 2"for... ...V.
'  Staon Boot Polish, 3 tins for*. ,y.. S-^.. A,
Creamery Butter,, 2 -lb for ........Ay....
-.   Quaker Oats, 5 lb. package, wiith china.y..
"'. Shredded^ Wheat Biscuits, 2 for .7,. ./y...
Braid's Big Four freshly ground Coffee, 2 lbs
1 ' tor .a. ...... \ . • • • • • • •	
Lowney's Cocoa, V* lb tins.- .".:.'......:...    *20,
Tetley's Cpcoai' "Vfc lb.;tins ".'.,. .'"•>••;•; • •?• • •    -?5
. " Tetley's'"'Cocoa, 1 lb.' tin XX....,.;?...... * ..65
Lombard Plums, 2 tins -; °..' ;' i .25
Australia Raisins, 2 lj.s>for ./..........S.. '• .25
, Cooking Figs,.3lbs. for ...,.. -.-..:..,. • • • y • ' -25
'■" Lethbridge Flour, 49.'s A';.;/..'...;r.■/.'..', $1.65 :
'' Armour's, Grape Juice, pints .* A'.......-    . .35 ^
"   Armour's Grlipe Juice, quarts....'." *    , .60
. Crosse and BlackwelPs am, 1 lb. pots, 2 for -.45'
S "Climax Jam, 5 lb. pails each .. v. ; • • •'•••    -55  XI
, Reliance Lime Juice, pints —... / :.-'. 7 ..30  ,-,
' yMixed' Nuts, per lb.  ...- ■;.....
'" - Crossre and'Blackwell's Pickles, jars	
'.;' B..C. Sugar,'20,1b. sacks, each .'..?..'..
' ,'Laundry Starch, 3 pkgs? S..°. ;.'•'.
- Com*Starch, 2 pkgs.,.."' ... .':;■.	
''AWhite Swan'Laundry Soap, 2.pkgs. for
>   ' Pears' > Unscented, Soap, 2 liars for - C'..,
.,' .' Baby's Ownj'per box,. 3 bar's •..'.....',....'
. Black'Pepper, % lb.'tins', 3'for-.... .*.,'..
,- ■ - .' %-   '        *- ,- -    * - j       -    *       < •
'A Patterson's 'Sauce,0.% pts. each ;.;..'...
s'--  Enos Fniit- Salts;: each..- '*?..-...-.;.."-...-.. .-
" V Special' Blend Tea, 3 lbs.* for. .*.." A;;.:".
,   Tomatoes,' 2lb. tins,?2:fo'r'. .v..'.'yy :.y.
-, Australian .Onions," _4' lbs for -, 7.;. ;*.,. *A
.-. - Turnips, 15 lbs for; /...?.: .7'.-'..
-■ *^New Cabbage^per _lb. ;.. ?.: ::■].
7".   White? Swan Yeast, - 6, boxes -S:.
TRITES^
Mrs. J. H. Newrlck left for hor home
ln England*(in Monday, sho ls accom*
panlod by hor daughter May.
.\.
Tho Ladles'* Aid Socloty of tho Methodist Church aro giving a sale of
home cooking, candy,  etc.,  ln  the
schoolroom   on   Saturday   afternoon,
. 15th, at ttireo o'clock.    Tea will also
be sorved-for the,small sum of 15c.
Thomas Gallon, at ono tlmo employed on tho 'staff of the Imperial Bank
ln Fernie, has boon selected l»y Vancouvor to run In the 440 yards rate at
tho Olympic Games to bo hold at
Stockholm. Tommy' Gallon Is well-
known In atholotlo circles hero and
his many frlonds look forwnrd to Mb
setting a record ln the above race In
Europo.
rIfue shooting
H. Gould
H..Mlnton .'.,
W. Prlco ....
J. Mlnton *••<
29
31.'
28
31
C. Mlnton ,.'..'> ft
H. "White  23
Mitchell   2?
J. H. Nowrlck 5
F. C.Lawo.... 25
81
30
30
27
28
22
11
'17
30
34
297
26
17
18
20
11'
16
94
90
84
75
72
65
46
38
55
Yards 200    BOO ' 600 - T't'l
TENDER8 INVITED
The Fernie Athletic Association will
bo prepared to accept tenders for the
exclusive right to sell refreshments
(nonl-lntoxlcatlng) on. tho sports
grounds on July 1st. Tenders should
be sont to H, W. Herchmer, Fernie, B,
C, not later than Juno.21st. Thero
will bo no llcohso charges, but sue-
cessful tendorer will have to erect his
own stand.
C. N. P. FOOTBALL LEAGUE
LACROB8E BOYS ORGANIZE
An "interesting stage in this competition has now been reached, and laat
Saturday's games were fraught with
Iho greatest interest to several* of,
the Clubs'engaged. Bellevue have'
considerably strengthened their,position as a result of their draw at Coal
Creek, In their first away from homo
fixture.. The, Creek - fully expected
to capture the points and their failure
hftft materially Injured their chances
of reaching the top of tbe table.
Michel's draw at Fernie Is creditable, and their chaneeB in the competition are still good. Fernie can
hardly hope now to reach tho top, but
thoy will make soma of tho fancied
clubs sit up and tako notico befoio
tho season closes.
The position of the various clubs
up to date Is as follows:
Goals
P. W. 1/
Bollovue ....5-4   0
ELKO, June 13.-~Davld It. McGln-
nls, ono of the pioneers In Flathead
railway development, declared In
Eureka recently while on the Development I_engue Spoclnl, that It waR
hH posltlvo bollof that a trunk lino
of tho Milwaukee road would ln the
noar futuro travorao tho enst aide
of Tobacco Vnlloy and connoot with
tho C, P. R. nt Roosvlllo, toward
which'point the Canadian road Ib now
building.
SOCIALIST PARTY
A special meeting will bo held In
tho Library Room of the Minors' Hall
on Sunda^ ovenlng noxt, Juno 18th,
commisnclng nt 7.30. AH' member*
are requested to bo In attendance
KNIGHTS OP PYTHIAS
At the last regular mooting held In
the h_ i'. ituil on iuvMiii, >iu«u uiu,
tin if/iloiiiuii ottkmu .ri-."<. tJa-lefl ler
tlio cnnulns term:
C.C.—Geo. Barton.
V.C.—J. Cormlehaol
P.C—Waltor Brown
.Vi. oi ir! iA_.i_ i". v -Ki»l.yi'.i,J-v-..
K. of R. and 8. 6.—J F. Spalding.
M. of W—\V Todhunter
M at A—B, Smith.     ,
I. O.—H, WHmor.
O. fl—J. W. Bennett
..nt Tfwsday, the neit rojmlnr
meeting nl«lit, matteri of vl.*! impor-
tnnro will b<» br/»ii(.}.'f forward, h**ne«
all aro urged to bo in nUendamee, Sojourning knlnht* are given a cordial
Invitation -to be preunL
Ai tt U Anticipated that tbe Mtalon
will be •«n-ftw'.j_. lengthy, Mfi«*b>
m*»nf» will t* provide!.
The meeting plnco Ii situated (ino
block north of the Klne Bdward Hotel
•nd the meetings commenc* at K p.m.
About 35 onthuslaBts of Canada's
national game gathered on Thursday
evoning at, Mclntyre's pool room and
mado a big movo towards a busy soa-
son. Officers woro solectcd nnd arrangements made to get the great
gamo undor wny at onco. Effort
will bo mado to hnvo Cranbrook or
somo other team horo for July lBt.'
Somo splendid material Is avallablo
and wllh faithful practlao tho boys
Bhould booh round Into shape. So-
verai of tlio younger generation nre
already busy at tho gamo and noxt
Benson should see nt loast two tennis
In FVarnlo, A good supply of sticks
wero ordered by wlro and noxt wook
will see the game In full awing. The
list of ofricors looks to be good to
boost for tho gamo, but to bo Riicces*
ful It requires tho hearty and uniuil-
moua support ot all loyal citizens who
doslro to uphold clonn, honlthy sport,
and lacrosse la Canada's recognized
national gamo.    Tho officers:
Hon. Proa,: W. R, Wllaon.
T»r«>«!i.An.   (*.. .1. TTendcrnon,
let Vlce-Proa., W. R. Wood.
2nd Vlco-Prea,, W. A, Ingram
3rd Vlco-Prea, O, U Pedlnr.
Manager. M. A. Kaatnor.
Captain, Jan. Miller.
Secretary, Welter Brown.
Michel !>
Coal Creek .5
Coleman   ...4
Fernio 5
Hosmer ...,4
3
2
1
1
0
D. for agst. .Pts
1 10 — 3 9
7- 3
10— 4
2- 6
n — 11
2—  0
1
2
1
1
0
Two polntB for a win and ono for a
draw,
position; After .'twelve minutes' play
Michel scored thfough'Ferguson. This
goal'was the i-esult'of a mistake by
Shields,'the ball ,wafl,coming straight
.to him when he suddenly ducked and
Adamson, being taken by surprise, allowed' the ball to enter the net.   •
-Fernie seemed to fall, to pieces after
this'roverse, and Michel took full advantage of their weakness and forced
the play   Vo   some tune.   Adamson
fumbled an easy,ball, but* recovered
In time to put past.,;
7 Fernie lattorly recovered 'and ,the
gamo took a distinct turn in their favour,- and on. several, occasions they
camo within an ace of scoring, but
good play by Moore kept them out.
On one occasion' a well placed corner by Hartwell-'waB headed against
tho cross bar by Adamson and from
tho resulting scrimmage Moore cleared.    Fernio were going strong   at
this time and were unfortunate not
to scoro on more than one occasion.
Play   opened out,and good work by
Mlchol front rank took tho ball closo
In on Fernie lines. But lho defence prevailed. " ' *. ',    ,
1 Piny ruled even, in the closing minutes, nnd no further scoring took place.
A well contested gnmo ended ln a
draw of one goal each,
the corner kick Travers ^handled when
well'placed. *-.The,ball /was?soon at
the other end. . Michel were a beaten,
team now, and could do nothing against the T.ind.7 -From a return by Corrigan, Yates missed his kick and Mercer only partly clearing, the ball landed at Tommy Martln'6 feet, who made
no mistake. The • flame' player walked tho ball through for a goal a, minute later. 'The Creek camo again,
Johnston fiittlngthe post with a good
shot, Martin forced a.corner directly afterwards." .Johnston .placed the
ball directly- under the bar, Gregory
missed sthe ball witl. bis.head, the
ball rolling down.'hlB bnck through
the goal. After this, Coal Creek forced three corners In succession,, and
from a throw-In Martin scored. The
game resulted in a win for Conl Crook
by 7 goals to 1.
PROTECTION—THE
tice, all were trodden underfoot. There;
Ib an insanity, of- avarlcef that takes
without need and seizes .beyond power to enjoy! 'it is insanity—as'much
as that which yells in any,padded"cell'
tonight. ., And-' the public question
how ia:v. ShaH*;these maniacs of gold
be permitted; in the mad heat of thoir
gold grabbing," to Bet fire to the jre-.
public? yy ' *    , > ' '
The Bayonet against the Laborer:
What 8et It There?,
~"'Savo in tho Civil War, never until
1877, at Pittsburgh, was the Bo'.d:or„
required to fix bayonet against a cltl-'1
zen.,' A'present protection was at that
timo Just beglnnlg to bo felt For one
hundred yoars,* nothing of deadly Bort
had ben called for" to maintain American working^ folk In,, civic order,
Thoso one'- hundred . peaceful yoars
woro froo of* any foulness of protection. Was lt coincidence? Or was it
causo and effect?,
Classified Ms.--.en. a Word
FOR RENT—Store in, the Eckstein-'
Block. .Apply,-Cree "and Moffatt.,';*
TRU8T6-80CIALI8M
CARD OF THANKS
Wo wiih to thank our friends and
patrons of Fernie and district for the
genuine palronago that has boon attended to the Waldorf and assure them
that In leaving Fornlo wo shnll always
boar in pleasant and kindly remem-
bran-re the many friends *..« hare
made. w
We hope the botel, under IU new
management may atilt enjoy a continuation of your jtcneroua and valued
patronage. *,
» Trolr Joan,
Mm. fl. JftNOTNaf*,
U A. MILLS.
Result of Gamsa Played on June 8th:
Coal Crook, 2; Bellevue, 2.
Fernio, 1; Mlchol, 3.
Junior Pinal
Conl Crook, 7; Michel, 1.
Fernie vs. Mlohel '
Fernio—Adamson • Shields nnd
Whltolaw; " Sweony, Manning and
Bnrr; Booth, Joinson, Adamson,
Whltolaw and Hartwell.
Michel—Moore; Watson and Evans;
Cnrrlngton, Jenkins and Ferguson;
Briscoe, Beddlngton, Chnlllnor, Brown
and McGovorn*.
Reforee:   J. Caulfleld, Coal Creek,
Play was oponed in closo, sultry
weather, nnd' no advantage waB gain-
od by the spin of tho coin, -, Fernio
woro first to becomo nggroiialve, and
#-»^^JI   4V,fN   \\*.V   f\frr.*   l\\n   (.(Sill   \tr\i\   tn
tho flrnt tnln«t«». From th* wnl Welt
Fornlo -.ontlnm-d to hover around
Mooro, and Peto Joinson shot against
tho bar, and from the rebound Adamson headed Into tho net tbui opening
♦>./»  af-nrlTtir thw*. mlniitot. from  ttf<.
atart. Tbla goat put Fernio oh tholr
beat behaviour and'they,played *lne
football thereafter. Mlchol becamo
aggressive, principally through tho
work of their centre, who wna clever
en the ball. They maintained the
pressure for -aome tlmo and hnd hard
linen on one occasion, Qballlnor putting over the bar from tho alx yard
line, Adamson and Hartwell bad
good trie* at the other end, bnt Moore
aaved well Play ruled even till the
close of this half. Fornlo loading at
the interval by on« goa) to nothing.
Vlfty ruled ev«n niter the re»uh_f>-
tlon. Michel flrat became dangerous,
Bcrfdlngton shooting past from n good
FINAL LIPHARDT CUP.
Coal Creek Juniors vs. Michel Junlon
This match w'n» played at Hosmer,
and Mlohol winning the toss, net the
CrookltoB to face the sun and wind.
Michel proneo'd and gained a corn-
or, Corrigan clearing hln lines with a
nmart lieador. . „ Mlohol enmo ngaln,
Martin saving a hot shot from Wndd-
Ington,. From tha goal kick Pnmoll
raced away and eontorlng,   T.   Martin floored, giving Crawol no chanoe.
The Crook weixi soon back, T, Martin
scoring an offsldo goal    After this
Mlchol got a movo on and scored a
soft goal, through Spruston, Martin
misjudging tho ball and allowing it to
nlln thnrnph hln hnndu,     Mlehel woro
presslni. hereabouts, and Mftohln kick-
ed out to savo his linos.    Tho Creek-
Rob retaliated, Davidson kicking out
when well placed.    Tho next minute:.
Crawol earned,a round of Applause
by nnvlnt! shot after shot in succession.     After   forty   minutes   ploy
Tommy Martin scored for tha preek
from a molco   closo    In,     Mlohel
wero on thole,mottle now, but could
do nothing with tho Creek defense.
Half tlmo arrived wltb the scoro 9
to 1 Wi favor ot Coal Creek.
On resuming Cosl Creak with tha
wind fti.d nun behind them were uoou
in Michel's half, Johnston forcing a
corner, which ws.s cleared. Tommy
Martin broke away, and drawing both
backs passed to Pftmellol, who gave
Crawol no chance, making no 3.
Fsbi.- [\\tt ix.nU4. kick Wwiaimttotl
took tbe ba,II up, Corrigan klekfnc
over the bnrito save hie goal.  Fro©
. FOR SALE^Cottage on'lot .about.'
120 feet square, the:-P,roporty. of Mrr
Ji, H. Cree, who" 16 leaving Fernie tho*
first week. In "June.'    Will sell the
property as a who.e, .pr.wiil subdivide.
Can be purchased at-a-'bargain,-, and .
on" very easy terms.',*. Applytto A. H.
'Cree.    '."" '• :'
.FOR SALE-^Why pay rent when ^
116.00, down and $16.00 a month will._'
uy a Five Room Cottage': wood; shod «.
and'a good well on main street in
West Fernio. Apply   E.   A,' LosertV
Cranbrook, B. C   ,        ,
rM
Tho current'lssue of tlio Cosmopolitan contains, an Interesting roviow. on
prosont day,politics In the states aB
seen by Alfred Lewie, As could only
bo expected, in 'dealing with such a
subject, tho writer, could not do Justice to lt without discussing "Socialism." In this he shows a good acquaintance whereof he spoaks, and we
have pleasure ln reproducing It horo.
IIo says;, "
'Also, ovor In tho flold of politics,
Socialism appears, To you who oppose Socialism, and pfotend to have
a fear of It, this truth should be drlvon homo llko a JiLvolln. Just as pro*
taction Is the mother of tlie trust, so
is the trust tbe mother of Socialism.
'Of tho world's nine million Socialists, roundly Blx hundred thousand are
here with us. Thoso latter have,won
foothold In over throo hundred cities,
towns and villages, and hold 704 offices. They havo found tholr,wiiy into
Congress, into legislatures, Into forty
city halls. Socialist Bergor promises
that nt the coming oloctlon tho Socialists will elect twonty.flvo congressmen, while the Reverend Limn, mayor
of SchnecUdy, figures two million as
the next aggregate of tbo national
Socialist voto.  ■
"When It comes to a question of who
ls responsible tor BoclHlltm, the public Itself Is at fault For forty years
—four decades of protection!—tho
people hnve nodded cnorlngly nt tho
switch of their own Intoroit And
when not nodding and snoring, tboy
have given themselves to false Moats.
Wa have taught that money Is tha only
victory In life. Men were exalted for
tha possession of money until a nobility of gold has been raised, up.
"These gold noblemen have been
made objects of envy. Everybody hss
strotgltd to get Into Ibetr taste, tbe
caste of mflfronnfre. Thsre httn ?w»n
n seramblo to grow rich, a wild rush
after gold,    Honor, comclence, jits-
• "For ace'ntury, no bayonet, was do-
mandod In tho fortunes of tho manufacturer.   ..During tho last third of
a century—an age of protection to find
Its climax In tlio criminal trust—the
soldiery have had constant calling out
to pollco strikes nnd put down riots,
-^nd, by tho caroless way, doesn't lt
occur to you that folk don't strike for
fun?  And that evon a riot has a reason?    Bad truly, but'stlirn reason;
and ono not possible of bayonot removal.   A score of timoB since 1877
tho mllltnry havo boon summoned to
a campaign against labor,  And whatever timidity, or vacuity, or servility,
or protootod avarlco mny say or think
tho*o bayonets woro ench tlmo prying nnd digging at tho cornorstono of
freedom.    Alio, they woro proparlng
the ground and loosening up tho soil
for tbe planting' of a flourishing So-
olnllsm.   In Massachusetts, as this Is
written, they but poke tho Socialistic
flro with a sword.    Tho rocont beef
doolslon In Chicago, and tho even moro
recent sugar decision in Kow York,
serve, rightfully   or   wrongfully,   to
make a bad matter worse,   ?      I'
•What Is to be tho, answer? me
Luiiu* and tite iwr-switf *«»', "Sod...-
Urn"! And Socialism will become
tho common answer, unless yon wna
vote'and rond, shall find another, Tho
trusla will novor ot their own motion
either turn _ionfeM, nt u.a.ui«__ .<_.<_-«.
They will not commit either hara-kiri
or rofofra, Compotltlon today Is
doad—trust-slain. Tho consumer's
last shilling Is subject to trust whtstlo
and must come at trust.call. Nor
has th*. «»nd been reached. Thero nro
to bo three of these' grand armies of
darkness: Thero will lw» the" Mon«y
Trust direct, a combination' ot Uio
banks. This Is to be tho guardian
of tho country, nnd rulo at onoa its
currency and credit There will ba
the Manufacturing Trust, Including
♦ho rosl-holoH. Last, yet not vilely
toMt. there will ba tha TransportsUon
Trust, nnd tho railroads will act ns
' 'FOR* SALE—E'ght-roomod House,"
fenced; ln Went Fernio on throe-quar-
twit of an acre clcrtd and cultivac<v...
Will sell for $1,400, or to quick buyer
oasy terms. * Apply," District Lolgir-
,, LOST—Ono Sorrol, ilorBO, weight
tjibout 800 lbs., brand "K" ' on loft,
shoulder, ono whlto hind foot, whlto
fnco, mano trlmmod.' Flvo' dollars
reward for Information lending to'his
recovery. F, Hutchinson, Michel, B.
C.        7 .     -   " ' •'  ''
WANTED.—For,olroulnr sawmill of
forty thounnnd cnpnolty, nawyor, filer,'
setter and edgorman; also man-to tnko
clmrgo of two planors, Apply alvlnir
reference., nnd wagos expected, to L.
C„ Lodger Offlco,
Furnished Rooms to let.  Apply, Mrs
J Stewart, Dnlton Avo,, Wood Stroot,
43-3t,p.
WANTED—Compotent, mlddlo-aged-
Womnn wants day work. Apply, Box
0, Fernio. _'       42-2t. p.
TO THE PUBLIC—On and aftor
Juno 14th, 1018,1 will not bo responsible for any debts unless personally
uontraoted for yours truly,
TONl OARAYJilTTA
Fornlo, u. c.
one. The publlo Is to bo stripped of
evory greet—of its Inst robe, Then
Llm szo"c?a n*!H e',nt M. Ji d!vWf»n of
Us garments.
'The Socialists forsoo this day, and
aro eager to hasten lt, For tho fall-
uro of tho.old order would be thus
made apparent The ropubllo would
be demonstrated as hopelessly sinking, and tho most conservative in the,
namo of SAfnty be driven to tako to
thl. Socialist raft"
;   \
At the and of 1910 there were 669
registered trade unions In the United
Kingdom, with a mombershiy ot about
two millions. These totals compare
wltb a membership of 211,091 in 1*66
unions In 1*80. hi

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