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The District Ledger Aug 3, 1912

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Theloifficial" Organ of District Ko. "18, .u! M. W. of A.'
>f^^T!V£^cy;--^:  '-.Ay
s-^.:m    '■"-'■'■
rth\iS^7^. ly-rr'y
THE DISTWOT LEDGER, PERNIE, ;B.C./AUGTJST.3,1912:,      >
LOO A YEAS.      ^
,<><
DETECTIVES AND GUARDS
KPA1URDEH
'\7
r _>.* •* *-*»*«
Gogilsy'AW-^^
:: h"i(i*:CJiii_fen?:;?
"MiLITiAClLEDOUT
BY jBOVERNOR
2000 Mineis Peaceable
?;,:l!otiigroused fty.D^A
s\ftectives'. Brutaliiy a
i.CHAELESTON,'iW.,..Va.,i July,27.—
■/WiOi ..Both..-telegraphic, and telephone
wlre8?.dowri, making .verification, 'dlffl-'
■■ "cult.-.repbrtB'reachod'liero today-that
a dozen men have.been.slain?in the
".  Paint Creeks sectlon',\ln' a"«lash. bo-
,twee& miners .and Baldwin detectives
i    sent Into the district to guard* mine
. property..   The rattle of.'musketiy is
heard continually ori both sWs'of the.
creek, and as women and children are
.. -fleeing from the disturbed territory It
v is believed here^that Investigation, will
>. bear out .the? report's bf casualties.
Governor Glasscock..alarmed * over
, the situation, ordered three companies
.   of militia to rush from Mount Gfetna,-
-. Pa., -^here the state!-troops arejii-'an-
nual encampment, and the soldiers ar-
•■;'rived here today on.'a "special train.
They- will ?march . into. Paint.Creek
"section at onco. -,..„*■ «■' ,?        ' ,' *
, ..,'   'Thousands of Men involved ...   "'.'
7L   . More"'than'2000^miners' went; on
» "-, striko,April .20, but no disorderB were
\ reported? lintll^the arrival of thedetec;
"-tiyes.-   -.The- only accurate.news^ob^
T7^f_h_-_r_n§nF"ti--^
". and they report/the situation aa.des-
'/'•perat'e. A yS-7^77-7--^y_ "-,.- - *
.'_ Residents at Paint Creek are terror;
ized;\ ^"Refugees,arriving," hero .say
dotalls'Yof. that comsplracy, was .charged yesterday" against" Warden John E;
Ho'ylb;' by; a'_, delegation of nationally
prominent labor leaders. - *;  '■"»'.■
Warden Hoyle- denied, tho accusations, ,told ,the _ commiUee .that ,Mc-'
Nomara'was In' "the solitary" because
he was recalcitrant, and assured „ his
guests that their .visit, would neither
lengthen *, nor ' shorten: McNam'ara's
"punishment, whlcH. already,lasted 20
day's, or iwico the usual time"     , y
and many other sinister, methods employed "by the owners, tlie strike-committee" recognize the men's-* courage
and. devotion to trade- unionism -and
the'-solldarity of the workfng, classes.
Every reasonable meansvfor concilia;
tion, having -been exhausted the'; committee determined' to end the'strike
rather than accept the sheer humiliation of thek)employers persistent refusals, to make any concessions which in-'
dlc-ite thelr-designs on transport workers federation.arid other unions, but
the loyalty shown by the men during
the tragic struggle to unionism must
,bo maintained at? all" costs. ■
,    8TARVED,. THEY. COMPLAIN
Crew  of  Anchor; Line? Steamer
• ,1   torara Out on Strike
Oc-
y HANCOCK, Mich.*, July 28—Alleging
that they did not get^enoughto eat,
every member of the erew of the'Anchor Line steamship Octorara, 7 from
chief .engineer down, ■' struck ' today,
tying ?up the'boat'at the port.-with
three hundred tourists on board. '.The
members of the crew refused to." return-to work until the steward , was
discharged." *     ■",''"--•   ,*."-..
PLATFORM FELL.   - -.    ."   /.  '      '
AND.MANY DROWNED
• _' BINZ, Germany, July, 29.AA shock?
leg catastrophe, "causing the deaths of
a large t number. of German - excursionists, occurred'last'evening at' the
Baltic bathing resort? - Tl^e landing-
stage, which" was crowded to Its utmost capacity during a concert given
by a local band, collapsed and.threw
a hundred pe'rsons.lnto the sea. "
i r Twenty-one bodies have been recovered, .hut it is.believed many more
persons lost- tlielr lives."■? ~'. • •. -,,'
Many excursionists had come from
all -parts of- northeastern -Russia" to
fl-iend".theYdav oii. the aea'ahore"..-'   . ■
LIKE CHAPTER  FROM     -
,'UNCLE TOM'S CABIN
At Annual Children's Market' In  Bavaria Lads are Sold for Sixty   \
;       Dollars -   '*,o
BERLIN, July.—I'll give 150 marks
for "him!"..,
"I bid 175.',',     ,." ■    A '    l
"200!"        -'        .   «■     »
•"210!".       ' '   .„ S-.
" -,"225'.'*,'•«   .     '      .. ■-    S"'
The.competition was,keen for the
boy . was -a sturdy looking lad. -Despite his poye'rty-strlcken appearance
he seemed to" be stronger and healthier' than many of the-other children
Around him swarmed a score of peasant farmers scanning the child as they
would the points of a horse. There
wasllttle sentiment.In their demeanor. - It was BUSINESS.- They weie
buying him, to be exact, "leasing" the
boy.'" They expected tb make a "pro?
fit" on their investment, hence they did
not want a boy who possibly would
be ill' and "could not work hard. ' He
was "knocked down" at 240 marks
or ?6'0. The next boy was younger;
he lacked the robustness of the other-
lad-; lie was pale, thin and did net
look as If he had,ever had a full meal.'
He went at $30'.    '_   ,      '   "A:?
"This is not' a ,scene"from" "Undo-
Tom's Cabin," but from' the annus!
"Children's . Market"','."Little 'White
Slave "Market" ' some fof,-the, German1
radlcal'^papers term,'lt/Jn the .pretty,
town of Frederick-shafen.< in 'Bavaria?
TTaw* \nt ih\a   niifHnfr.  HH1_t>^    fnoni    ^\r\
~~ " '       '"" """.      ~ *"_     ^^7     7*—^~""<7
RIOTS AT
PORT ARTHUR
Striking Dock Men in Serious Mix-up with
Policih
• >•
 " I
Troops M--X
?     Blockade at Port
*   *.    ;> ,       *f ..'
PORT, ARTHUR, ,jiily 30.—A riot
which resulted In the- serious wounding of six persons and minor injury to
many, ^occurred in Port Arthur last
night. _ Ghief of Police McLennan was
laid out by a club in the hands of an
enraged'forelgner; P7 c. Schllllker received a bullet wound In the back; P.c
Peterson was badly clubbed and three
t> relgners were wounded by bullets.
'' A parade of striking C. N. R.' coal
dock'laborers which Aviis directed by
Madibon Hicks, a labor leader, 'was
hel-Mr-the late afternoon and at'7
o'clock, pickets wetfe placed at the C.
N. - R; crossing near., the' coal docks.
Three pickets Interfered-wlth two men
attempting to go to? work. A crowd of
several hundred quickly gathered and
Chief McLennan, Sergeant Burleight,
"and two constables went to the rescue.
The "attempt" of the .officers to arrest
one pf-the pickets wag the signal for
the production of clubs? Blows fell
fast and, the, first? nian 'taken by. the
officers was.resctied by his comrades?
- When .^he Ohlef rof Police 'was, laid
low, a. desperate struggle ensured, the
police flgliUnV.oyer^thelr fallen Chief.
Someone* pulled '.k- giin, and as, if by
magici Jhey ^appeared' in all hands.
The firing .was sharp-"and down went
the"-" assailant-of tlie Chief of Police
with several-bulletB In his body." An-"
that 'more.th'aiuSOOO shots:have .been
exchanged} belween. Ahffitfffiti^n&y&j?
b. \ :- and'that huhdreds'bl! hojneB have been
' -   '    riddled'by'stray bullet&^Xi^i -■'^-- -
y-
LONDON DOCK
Just "how 'many.-qf i'th^mlners^havV
iV."     been slain Is'not;known."* The Baldwin
', ''    Detective iAgency;. however?1'- lias .lost'
■  •"  1'two.meri-^\Vmr'.Strlngef|'-^^ Gus Vinson: -7,'"Pb'aup,' whorls .In^a'^hospltal
her© wltii- ahuilet in "each arm, will
recover.*- - - S '   ''".'•   A.,. 77 7y  .
r, Adjutant*-General l„'?EllIott"*<'and-   25
inllltlanien are -encamped atMucklow.
It Is-not bollovod*th-it„ Uils -"small
forco 'will ■ bo' effective 'in' rostbrlnir
order, as the miners nnd. tlieir sympathizers'are fully aVoiiBed.
v Guards Guilty of Outrages.*
: Around tho mouth of Paint Creek,
tho residents- clmrgo that tho private
guards aro guilty . bf deprodatlons.
StorlOB linvo boon told of tho frightful
attacks on women and children, and
tliis, it Is enld, Is responslblb for tho
clash" botweon tho dotOctlvoB and'
strikers. Woodsmen havo joined tho
minora and aro said to bo,participating In tho. pitched lMttto with dotoc-
tlvos near' Mticklow' ybstordny In
whlcli 3,000 Bhots were oxchungod,
The; forco of minors and woodsmen
nunibored GOO. 'It Is fonrad tho battle
will bo' ronowod today,
Tbo wives and , chlldron of tho
miners aro starving and tho strikers
lire ntliioking the compuny's store,
Tho sympathy of tlio,residents along
tbo crook Is with tho minors','who say.
that tho guards havo beon guilty of
frightful brutalltlOB. "
SHOT IN RIOT
:./;
SERIOUS CHARGES^ AGAINST
.SOLDIERS IN UNITED STATES
ORGANIZING WEST
VIRGINIA MINERS
« _ •
Tho twenty minora at Falrport, AV.
Va., who nro «mployod by tho Provident Cosl Company, havo boon organised by Socrotary William Applcgarth.
Whon tho mlno U oponod In full thoro
will bo In tho neighborhood of,thro*
hundrod minora at that placo who will
bolong to tbo local. • '
1111
CALLED ANARCHI8T      '   ''     ' "
. FOR WEARING. RlpJ„  , .;,
CCxVi.VilTy Itfi'iit'iulm
I   '» **<• >*»«___, -i ■
' WALLA WALtA, WlA., Jmly \fM
Potor Jsckoy. a German, ' atod   60.
woro A rod uhlrt lntt SanAty. * '-A trfl.
low workman called hiroWMartWAt,
.....       > ...ii.i t.._.v_,„•-'-'.';'__,•.".4.
fHL*L>.V.   «W    k..»«'W   .W.^.J     m,*,v   MV   Wl,hU.
mlttpd "suicide late ttjday by hftnging.
Jackoy was bora In 0«r_n»ny, bu't wan
a nnturallwHl AmerlennA
Fierce Battle Between
Unionists and Scabs—
Police Powerlis
" LONDON, July' 31,'^-Sevon j-trikers
wore shot,,ono of them dylng^ lator In'
tho .Hospital, and HO? others Seriously
wounded by'f_tlokB;or Btonfjs.aB'a'ro
siilt- of rioting;at'.VIctorlf.' aSa other
docks In London.todayi' A',", j ' -,..
,Tho chief enconntor1' occurred nt i.he
Victoria docks; •'whoro-2,000 of tho
laborers who had boon> on strike for
,10 weeks appoared at the iJockB in
compliance wltb^the'mttnlfeato'of tho
dockers' 'federation ofrderlng thorn to
roBumo work.' -/,.Tbby to^rtis howovor,
that tholr plncos-.ybre 'ocquplod by
scabBf'or "frco" laborers, wljo hnd boon
taken on during,, the Btrlko and who
woro dotormln<od/tb contlnuo at work,
Thoy defied ti%« men bolonglng to
tho union to ojoct thorn,,und a Bovoro
fight onsuod. Bullets, bricks, nnd
btones;flow In all directions, Tho po,
llco, of whom only About a dozon woro
proient, woro taken by surprise nnd
wore; poworlos* to suppress thb' dis-
turb_.noo.,l Anothor hot fight occurred
around' the steamnr City of Columbia,
which was bolng loaded at ono of tho
Wharves., Unionists workoro tried to
board hor, but woro repollod by black-
log! with rovolvora, bottlos, bolaylng
pint. / Many mon woro Injurod horo,
Mm«/of them with bullets? Largo reserves of police woro called out and
tlnilly succoodod in quelling the disturbance, noth tho unionists and non-
unionists acouso tho other of Blurting
tho trouble,
; 	
STRIKE COMMITTEE
I88UE8 MANIFESTO
Consistently  Tried  for Ten  Weeks
'  Te Promote Settlement by Con-
11 '        ' dilatory Action
■J-;
McNAMARA IN DUNQIOK/
TO MAKE HIM TALK MORE
• BAN PRAN018CO, CeJ-,VJaly 27.—
That James MoNsnani, s^rjrlng a llfo
sentence In San Quofitla^ pecnltentiary
for murdor committed in the dynamiting of the Los Angoles Times building. Is held In sollury confinement tn
nn effort to mek-. hlw eonffes fnriher
LONDON, Ju|y 29.--In tho monlfoo-
to Issued After, tho declaration that
tho dock strlko was ended tho commit.eo stated; "Wo strenuously on.
doavorod for ton weeks to promote n
settlement of the situation by conciliatory action, ,Tbo employers always
receive tho men's deputations and
committees with harsh deputations
snd Impositions and In a manner
which _irjdo-abt<-d!y lifted the .Hepu.e
to nn heroic ]ov»l, Tbo most powerful weapon used by tbe- capitalists
was one of starvation which has been
used, rernomelossly. - • Yet rtespl .e thl*
sight of the Tyroleoii'Alp3,';m_idefam-""'
bus as the -. place,AVherpAG.e™any's
big __epplln-&ir_Bhlps;w|['bnll_,' is.held
the'annual ^'sale^jrei^'apring of the
poor- chlldrea^oX^tlievTprolean peas-^
ants.- f,6rij(___ins,|'haifV-frrorphan8 V and
children of; tK»rt pe'aeams", -who1 th^by*
lirofiu'a^llttlo.rarejtwrned^over to the
"Tyrblean',rChlldro,o''s Society"' "whlcli
In-HuVn-lease,theiri out for the summer
.months' on" thb German side bf the
border at'whatever they will bring.
J-j,T$e, annual "market" has just been
held..,,-The Austrian steamer ''Maria
T-fiereea" brought' 125 boys * aiid ' 30
.girls.:ranging In, ages from 11 to-16
yoaVs,- across tho Borden Sea.' They
were quartered at the "Goldon Wheel
Hotel,'.' nn appropriate placo for this
'children's lottery.
' Moro than 500 peasant farmers (roin
Wurtemburg, Baden -> Hohenv.ollern
and tho Bavarian region along tho
Borden Sea, wero on hnnd to "bid"
for those youthful wage Blaves. Competition was,keen. Tho demand this
year, was greater than the supply and
prices, wero considerably higher than
last spring, woro offered for tho labor
of tho chlldron for llio summer,
Tho children lutd nothing to say about
tholr fate, whother thoy liked tho
looks of tho "lossco" or not, Tho
"mnrkot" wnd hold undor tho auspl-!-?s
of tho Itov. Ealni, of tho Tyrolean
Children's Socloty, who had clmrgo af
thorn from tho society.
From daylight to dark nnd aft.r,
tho children labor, whon In south Germany means about 17 to 18 hours, lt
ls but natural that the ".oases'" chief
lr\orest Is to got as much out ot them
as posslblo. What the fnto of Bomo ot
tho chlldron Ib, as Indicated by tho
Tyrolean Genzbotcn, n pnpor which
has started nn agitation against thU
"child market," It says:
"Tho children return to tholr pnr-
onts and homos on Octobor, If thoy
do not fall n victim to tho hoavy labor,'
long hours, Intense longing for father
mother,' brothers and slstero, during
tbo Bummor and aro burlod In the regions whero thoy aro "leased,"
"Wo ask, In what land or country
would the authorities permit Biich a
•slave trade' to oxlstt Thnt many of
thoso children havo a hord tlmo of It
under Uio strangers to whom thoy
havo bon loasod, Is evident from the
fact that tho Children's Socloty has
a number or farmers on us biackim
Lo  Hii.lii  iu*.   Itsfuad  ta  ".Va/x." J.I.-
dren again.    But what good doca that
do tho Utile ones whom they may
havo ruined physically nnd morally?"
Tho •'Morgonpost"  of Berlin  nlao
_U_-.lH.fe-*   UkA-    ..it)    _v\m»t)l.lH.*   Ol    I...-
varla, Wurtomburg and Bnden would
lolcroto dealing in "little slavos."
other^forelgner was stretched out; but
was*borne"])y\-hls-'comrades to the
woods whlcli? surround the houses^-df
the forelgners.quite close by.'", f-yWj
The Port .Arthur Cltv Council In session adjciurned, ,0a-. hearing - of the'
tr'oublo,«aind^advJ»e^t3fe._viayor.'^'7coli;^
cut the Ninety Sixth Regiment "if the
situation warranted. All was quiet
soon, 'though several hundred foreigners were hanging around tlie scone cf
the trouble and It was expected that
on anjv person attempting", to go, to
work,, rioting would break out afresh.
The Ninety Sixth Regiment-was called
out ae a precautionary measure. It is
said Chief of Police McLennan may not
recover, ■„
- Two hundred mon In the employ of
the Canadian Northern coal and oro
dock quit work without demonstration
yesterday afternoon. They declared
a strike on account of tholr failure to
get an Increase in wages ot about flvo
cents an, hour from the- award of a
board of conciliation which mado Its
report last weok.
Claim Young' Woman Met with Attack"
"CHICAGO,. Julyr 29, — Moved by
charges that regular troops and, various state troops encamped at Camp
Douglas, Wis., for army manoeuvres
had Indulged In a drunken orgy) of-
had, indulged nla drunken orgy, .officials bf the war department in Chicago ordered today an investigation to
be made at Camp Douglas and other
Wisconsin points where the' soldiers
have ben mobilized.
- Serious Charges
The charges as'made to General
Potts, commander of the Central division, and which prompted him to
order, an investigation, are:
.That almost one-third of the three
thousand composing the '"Blue'Varmy
were drunk a few hours before the
campaign was to begin, t, ■
' That although the men were supposed to ber.on a "war footing" at 5
a.m.r on July' 25,: the saloons in the
town of Camp Douglas were crowded
with soldiers until' 1' a.m. the same
morning. . y'
-That the officers- failed.to keep the
soldiers in the camp. -
That women were insulted in the
camp and in the town.   .
Young Girl Attacked
That a girl 20 years old was attacked, by -a dozen soldiers and .that although she reached the railway station at one o*clock "in the morning
crying for, help, no one was arrested
and no investigation was made. -   -
That-many "fights occurred among
the soldiers? ■ ' .<'<>,
That slurring remarks were made
to ^yomen who came from surrounding
towns, both with-and without escort.
Major McDonald,'-. who was in coni-
mand'at the cavalry squadron, denied
today on his return to Fort Sheridan
that he had' heard of any throuble
at the camp:, " He left there yesterday
morning..   ,   ; '".:." t ■ „,
"I am certain.,regulars were not involved," said,.Captain Laubach, "for
they are J under* army control at all
jtlme_s______0_f_,cour_s_>JUuthe_miHti__*?A^
y
■■'.Su.   .
Trouble Arose Over Make-up
Vice-Prfes. Jones onu Scene
Men Are Back at Work
In our last week's Issue we mentioned that the mines of the International
Coal Company at Coleman were idle,
but were not In possession of details: Upon enquiry, however, we find
the trouble arose over the pit boss refusing to, make eight men, that were
starting a pillar skip ln 131, up to the
minimum wage of three dollars.' The
amount earned by'each of-them was
11.26 a,day.. The same men in the
same -pillar had previously made close
upon $5.00 a day. The men tried every
peaceful method to settle ,the same,
but the management; in this case the
same as in all other disputes, did not;
nor had they any intention of, settling
it themselves, and" wanted the grleyan-'
ce passed from their hands. This method on the part of the officials of the
company In, taking every advantage of
all technicalities to delay a settlement
causes, some of our men to become
restles and aggravated, andcthua get
desperate' at the failure to have their
grievances adjusted, and as a consequence the mines are idle until such
disputes are settled; ■•-
Vice-President J, O Jones went down
to Coleman and on Saturday, in company with T. G. Harries and W. Graham, interviewed thY General Manager
of the company, as well as W. P. McNeil, the Operator's Commissioner .of
Calgary, who was present. Vice-President Jones endeavored to" get them
to discuss the matter, which they re-
ments there .are "always a number of
men who'treat^uch an event'its a holiday, and take-occasion' to become-Jn-
toxicated'and'rnsubordlnate. '-7, ""'
*;$,,••;-' W-r ' >y-'V -     ' ■ yy   ,
.'■&■   >rv"   .--,   r- a.,. .    ■'■.-' "<    .-
WILlA,£vL&YD?GEORGE..-.y   ?    , ,
*^f^^^T_*b'^B0lrPARTyt
the   place   stated   fo   Vice-President
Jones that the cap rock had come down
previous to tbe men starting work,
and  stated  that the place  was the*
same as any other place.     The ques-   '.
tion was then'put by-Jones to "the
fire boss who was in charge, of that   .-
district, who'visits and examines every •_
place (not'occasionally, the same as
the pit boss): "Can you show me, to-   '
morrow any ' place   in'   that 'district y
where conditions aro the same, as the'.
Pit Boss-failed when  Mr.-Whiteside -
and we asked,.him; and I "want to see'
the place tomorrow?"   '
" Fire 'Boss Morrison .replied:  "Yea.A
ONE PLACE—No., 119!"   .    -.     '     y
Jones pointed out then to Mr. White- •
sides that the place must-be abnormal
as the fire boss could only show one,':
place ln that district.    In the rface of '■
*H this Mr. Whiteside1 refused to con-". ,
cede the-minimum rate of $3.00.. ,
Vice-President Jonea then said that'
in face of all tho evidence which cor-   ;,
roborated the men's claim it was per-  *'
fectly evident to him that he had no,   <
Intention of settling tbe dispute from A
the start, for the reason that It would
tend tb show the public that the men ..
had cause for complaint.,      '   '   '        '.'-
In conclusion the vice-president told   '
the manager that, whilst the men and'
their representatives were at all times ." -
willing and ready to settle any little
misunderstanding" amicably, between  ;
themselves, it seemed to iiim'that "the"
operators do not meet them  in-the ^
• *(
* -"i
< t
i'
<•
(.- • .-
, -> »_ .
v ,: _>?
--"*•' v.* .-■
PORT ARTHUR, July 31.—Beliov-
ing that tho Canadian Northern and
city pollco cnn now handle tho situation which has been vory quiet since
tho hostilities of Monday evening, tho
militiamen worfi this afternoon withdrawn from tho scene of tho coal
docks strlko trouble. Chief of Pollco
McLennan and tho othor injured nro
reported as making good progress, But
though thlngB nro quiet, tho strike
ngnliiBt tho coal docks company senrns
to bo qulto offoctlvo, as all work !s
suspended, nnd unless something can
ho fjono ly tho company to rjconv
meiire operations soon It look* an tf
thero would bo Home thing in llio un-
turo of a blockade, Tho steamers
Wnlnwrlght, Parks and Hobbnrd, throo
of tho largest lake carriers, aro hold
up at tlio (locks with big cargoofl and
no ono tb unlond them. Vessels now
on route will probably havo tholr destinations changod to Port William,
Duluth, or Superior.
PORT ARTHUR, Ont,, Aug. l.—Rev.
Madison Hicks, tho Socialist orator,
who alneo his exploits In Australia,
lias boon hoard ln sovoral parts of
Canada, |b summoned to appear in tbs
pollco court tomorrow foronoon on a
chorgo of creating n tumultous assembly. Tho caso rests upon tho do-
moni-.ru(-Oii_i ol ...41 Mouldy tvuudi,
the time of the riots by striking coal
handlers on the Canadian Northern.
Tlio clmrgo In1 laid by (Sergeant Bur-
loluh. acting head of tho city police.
.-LONDON.-July 29.yi>esplte Premier
Asqulth's empathlc assurances, yesterday that "never did "a leader of a
cabinet enjoy more loyal and affectionate 'co-operation than at present,"
rumors are still current. In parliamentary circles'that the,present cabinet Is,
In ,n state of considerable unrest,
. Today thooplnlon.was expressed by
those following • tho reported trouble
between' tho prime minister and tho
chnncellor of tho exchequer, Lloyd
George, that in all probability tho
chancellor will discard the Liberal
party altogether and Bwltch right
nround to. thb londorship of the Labor
party.   '    .   '
J, Keir Hardlo; who Is a prominent
Labor member, Is really the author of
tlio supposition, which has resulted
from a speech delivered by him -it
Newton Abbot, Devonshire. In his
speech the mombor gavo It as his opinion that tho turmoil In tho inner circle
of the cabinet over tho propor,disposal
of tho surplus would In nil likelihood
find labor a now leader, and consequently a now following.
On uttering this statement, Mr Keir
llnrdlo was Interrupted by a quostlon
from tho niidloneo asking whother the
inforoneo was meant for Lloyd Goorgo.
Tho Labor mombor answorod tlmt "for
tho prosont tlmo, at nny rato, you had
bettor allow tho leader to romnln a
dark' horso,"
RESULT OF HIGH SHOOL
EXAMSJSSUED
Eight out of Fifteen
Ferule Candidates Pass
The results of tho high school examinations, held last month throughout
tho province, aro announced by tho do-
pnr.m#>nt nt ^duenMnn Of the 1 1?l?
candidates who presented themselves
1,058 passed.   <
Pernio Centre
Fernie high school, preliminary cour-
so, Junior   Krado—Mntlmum   marks,
SPOKANE INTER6TATE PAIR
A rock .-rilling contest will bo one
of tho feature* of the mineral d*pnrt-
mont Ono day will be miners day at
tho Fair. An estimated minimum of
ir.O.OOO people -will see the exhibition.
Freight chaws on exhibits will be
paid by tho Fair Management If exhibits aro left on dlspUay. No ex-
preiw chart.** will Ix, p*\A.
PAIR WAGE OPPICER
BU8V TRYING TO PATCH
UP I. W. W, TP.OUBLE
VANCOUVER, ». C. July 28,—J. O,
Mi'Ntvi'n, Dominion Gi.-_.rnmfaiit fair
wage officer, Is now at Prince Rupert
-.mlo.ivor.ti|t lo nrranne a Hetlemc-m of
tho L W. W. strike against the Oran 1
Trunk Pacific.
The most reliable! Information has It
that thoro are 5,000 men On strlko, and
work In tbe buoy center fast of llaz.e>
tou U -Wil up.
>_•»■.  W*. v» <___.*.
:i; Hamilton, Rheta, 58*; Jay, I). Allison, Iiu.; Robertson, Oludjfs I„ IH:>.
Advanced cohrse, junior grnde*---
Maximum marks, 1,000: number of rnn-
dldittew, ": passed, (i; Wooilliouao,
J-.Im.o, «20r nicken. I«nhel, Sir.; Mnn.
Jumeffl, u3.rr, Henderson, Dorothy, MS;
Untit-rtnon. MnrRArpt X , Mh
Full tours*, Junior grade -- Mnvl-
rnum mark*, 1S00; number of candl-
•late. 1; pa sued ft,
Intermediate mrailo — Maximum
marks, 1,;<W; number of fai'dlJatct., J;
^.mifci.l, 0.
sume work. He then asked*them If
they would! discuss thefdispute,.with-'
out prejudice, if he^ were to guarantee
that' the .;men wotild go .^to? work'on
Monday.? ^<This,,'he','did with the' inter-?-
tlon'of getting the dispute settle".}; that
day, ] 7,. But the cbmpany.'-'lnslsted" on.
the'old tactics of delaying''aeftiejm"ent.
Tlio question was asked hyAhetVIce-"
President that if the men would go to
work, was It-the manager's Intention
to' settle tho dispute now or to pass lt
up for arbitration, tb which ho stated
that It-was his intention to settle it.
It was then pointed but that If he had
any Intention of settling lt, why was
tho Commissioner brought in?. How-
over, Vice-President Jones calle<l a
special mooting of the men anil demanded that thoy go back to work, and
that he would take tho matter up with
Mr. Whiteside, tho general manager,
as por agreement. After considerable effort on his part tho men conceded to accept his advice.
Mr. Jones took the question up with
tho (ibnoral Miinngor on Monday, who
after licarlng his explanation of the
conditions of tho place as ho received
It from tho men working thoro, Mr.
Whllosldo conceded It would bo abnormal, but said that ho would hnvo to
see his officials as to whother ll was
as described by Mr; Jonos; iilso, ho
wanted to see tlio mon tliomsolvos nnd
examine   them.     Secretary   Oruhum
produced one of tho mon that could
talk UiirIIhIi, and Mr. Whiteside questioned him as to condition of tho place,
which couflrcd Vice-President .Toin.*i_'
description, nt tho enmo tlmo adding
nomo  now  factB,  which  proved  the
placo abnormal.    Tho officials, how-
over, denied that thin placo was any
different to any other.    This necessitated Vice-President .TonoB to go to
tho mlno lilmnolf, along with Gruhnm
(tho locnl socrotary) and Mr. Whiteside hail to admit, after ho hnd seen
tho place, that It was tho sumo na
described by tho mon.    Mr. D. Dnvlos,
tho pit Iiohh, innlntnliiod that the cap
rock camo down whon tho mon woro
driving tho room, but Jones Instantly
pullod him up by pointing out that the
roof whor tho mon maintained tho enp
rock was taken, down was black and
fresh and thut tho othor portion where
thoy did not tnko It down wiih grey
and mossy, which Mr. WhltosUlo acknowledged to bo correct.    Jonos asked tho pit boss If ho could show any
other placo in miufi courtiuun, aiut \t
«o to bo taken to it,     Tho pit boss
took up tho challenge, and led blm
nome dlatauco to n place which ho con-
(i-uiled was similar to thn one In i.ue8-
iion, but utter Htotuii.! in  lint •iluc.*
ovon    Mr.    Whltosldo   had    to   remark, "Tho comparison Is not very
good."
Mr. Whltri-lile, In tho faco of all
theso facts, which h_t could not dony,
t.ii.l to try iVK.i.in .uul !.<...•. If U* vouU
get anything to illng to, and 'phoned
io ,\U.;iHvhi> (.'0.1.1 Cm. foi .NU, Kill.*.;,
un old pit Ijors of Hi*" Inti-rnatlotifll,
it ho he bolievod uouM help him out.
Mr, Kctllog was nskrvl to visit the
place In dispute with D. t>nvl*, the pit
tniMi, no uh to re-ieali JjU muir.ntr of
.U U....-C.    Mr. U<.t!oi;. aCtor v{_j{.(tig
Bame spirit. . This ended?the cohtfo:
versy,, so far, and the, matter is, now
referred; to Commissioner McNeil and
the.President of District 18, U. M. W.>
bf'A-:. -■"-■' »» y
JMLWieiOR'TWO
BBSjElEASED
Operation Performed on Coleman Miner,   Remarkable Case -
COLEMAN, July 29—Albert Vnguf, a
Coleman miner, who met with an nccldent In the mines hero nearly two
yonrs ago, from tho effect of which
his jaws have boon interlocked slnco
that date, was discharged from tho
Coloman miners' hospital yesterday
curort.
On July 7, lOiO, Yuguf, whllo    ut
work in  tho mines, was caught be-
.won a.car and tho wall ot thb mine
and Bovorely crushed,   When convoy--
ed  to thb hospital and oxumliicd  It,
was found that   tlio   chief   Injurlea
woro to his head and face.    Ills jaws
were broken'In iicveral places and his
Iiico and hcud badly cut and bruised.
Pub  formed   In   thc  wounds  and  It
wiib two monthi. boforo thoy honied,
laavnlK tho man's jaw firmly Intor.
locked,    Since that   tlino   until   tho
operation, Yuguf has subsisted entirely on ll.'iitdH,
IIo was repeatedly tirgod to submit
to an operation In tho hopes of releasing tho Interlocked Jaws, but steadfastly refused. Tho" coal company
was paying him n monthly Indemnity,
equal to ono half IiIh oiirnliig capacity
an a miner. It was not until he waa
notified hy tho company's solicitor that
tho compensation would bo discontinued ho connenlvil to conmilt tho surgeon In charge ot the hospital and submit to an cxamliiHllou.
Kven when iiMHtiied thnt thero
was a chance for his recoovery. Vo-
guf balked at tlm operation. The conl
company then discontinued tho indemnity fund und finally Yuguf appoared
at tho hospital and announced hln
rcniltnosH to "tako a cliniice for tils
iiifi."
Yugufs Jaws wero so firmly Inter-
locked and had grown together in
such a manner that It wiih found no-
cekBAry to perform a double operation.
Ono side of his ):iwn wvro operated
uiion two weeks ago and tho mass of
bono which had grown over (hem wan
chlncleil awny, l.nst W'l'k tlio shrunk,
(-it muscli-H giulioioil and tied, and tho
patient ordered to work his Jav.1.
ulowly 'Jt'.-I trt*i 1'iall/ -I'-'U 'In1!' h<«
came arruntomi>d to their natural fimc-
Uuu... Ii ...i., lli.c j.i; li.f.ii.t Uuir.iu^
to walk, but |N'rnever,*Lui<' und careful
surgical attention triumphed and Ya-
monntrntloris of Inst Monday <>venlti(?.
guf will soon bn In a ivoaitiot, to «*on»
hutut' -lolJd food »rii\ la a short tlmo
return to Ms 'vorf: aa a cUr.<.'r, >*-?-.
JksFWf**,'.'^.--".
• ",.*
PAGE TWO
*   iV.-
THE, DISTRICT LEDGER,-.FEBNIE,  RR^AUQlfeT 3,1912.
_ ^. -"*Y    "'i.   -t" <-" *. J
--**?'
i r> -' =
i ^ «7« „
>--*X-"
I?     -*.
7%e Causes ThatMakefd^SociMism
By Morris Hillqu-.t
commodities, and are ready to produce
them, ,and all that time the land a-
* Socialism is distinctly a traoder._
movement Contrary ,to prevailing
.-notions, it has no connection, historical or-intellectual with,the Utopias.of
Plato or Moore, or with the practises
of the communistic sects of former
ages. ' ',
.The Socialist movement was called
into life by economic, conditions which
haye sprung up within ."very recent
periods.    Its program Is an attempted
* solution of the problems inherent in
these conditions..
The cardinal plank of the Socialist
platform is the -collective' ownership
of the principal sources and instruments of wealth-production, and there
' was practically no physical basis and
> no rational justification for such a
program before about the beginning
of the -nineteenth century. ,
As an illustration let us take the
' economic, condition    of   the   United
States In the early days of the repub-
* lie. The main Industry of the country was,, agriculture, and land was
plentiful and accessible to all. The
mechanical arts and crafts'wore prac-
tistyon a small scale, and on the basis
,pf individual-effort and use. Such
tools- as there were, were In the main
hand tools, simple and inexpensive.
The oldtlme mechanic, could readily
acquire them and ply his trade in his
home or small workshop. It was not
capital, but skill and knowledge 'that
the worker, required. _ The apprentice
_or helper was not." in a,position of
permanent, dependence' upon his employer. He was a pupil learning the
trade from the "master."'and as soon
as he was equipped for the task, he
could set up'in busines as an independent producer. .His tool was,his owa;
his skill was his own, and the finished
product was his own in the equitable
as well as in the legal sense of the
term. ' He relied on his individual efforts for liis living. He-had the means
for earning his living always ready.at
band. It is obvious that under such
conditions no advantage c^r.ld he gained from socializing thf.tool or from
national or collective operation of the
industries.     ' -A'  . .     y ....
What the Machine Has Done .
But within the last few generations
a  silent, revolution - has, taken  place
in our methods' of producing and "dis-
*" tributing3'e_aUlu______-_h_uslmpl&-tool-o_?-
'the oldtime 'mechanic has gradually'
* evolved into the modern machine nf
wonderful k complexity   and    gigantic
"dimensions, propelled by steam or
electricity and oftentimes doing the
work of hundreds of-human* hands.
Tho modest workshop of our grandfathers has grown into* the immense
'  modern   factory   under the roof   of
' which hundreds, sometimes thousands
of workers are congregated for joint
labor. Mass production, division of
labor and specialization of functions
have largely superseded Individual effort, general efficiency and acquired
skill In Industry.    ' The Impersonal
V "market"  has  replaced  the "Specific,,
"'customer." '   Production has become
social In character, methods and ob-
'joct.
This economic evolution has brought
'about-a most thorough-going change
ln tho social conditions and relations
of the peoplo.
For the first time In history free
producors found themselves divorced
. from the tools of their labor,, The
.modern worker cannot rovert to the
Blmple tool of his forefathers', Ho must
havo access to tho up-to-date' plants,
machinery and equipment, His entire social usefulness depends on that
machinery. Without lt ho Ib as without arms—nn industrial cripple. But
tho Individual worker cannot own the
- modorn machine and tho workers col-
loctlvoly do not own It. Tho machines
. factories, and plants, tho land, mlnOB
nnd rallroads—ln brief, all tho modern
HourrnM nnd lustrumon!.- of wealth-
production aro ownod ii'icl controlled
by a class of persons othor than the
workors,
-.   The Wage-Workers as Tantalus
Tho most grtx-ftomo plcturo of pity-
'hIciiI nml mental torturo over evolved
hy tho human brain Is probably4 lho
familiar fable of TnntoliiH. Tho victim of divine wrath stands In wntor
uii to his chin with tlio choicest fruit
hanging over IiIh head. Ho Ih maddened with thirst and liiiiiKer, He
eagerly bends IiIh pnrcliod lips to the
cool and <u\w-t wiit/<r around him .and
Htr.tt.rl.ok hlsi trembling hand for the
liiKClous fiult Utiiiptliigly dangling bo-
font Ills eyes. Hut the water always
ruccd-'K, tin- fruit always ret ron is, and
Tantalus Ih left to starve ninld plenty.
Tli« morbid Imagination of Or|opk|
Jintlmiltv lint* linnnmin  -.   ••'„■'!._. :,;,>*_ '„„,,,,  ;
notnic fart In modern A merlin Oi-.r
country aboniidH with natural wealth.
MIIIohh of workers yearn /or the no-
lesnttrleH of lifo. Tho mntorlnl for
tho production of these necessaries Is
rlttht around th.-m Thov n«> ..<.>■-...•
to make tlielr food and clothing with
tholr own toll. They have the re-
qulHlto skill and nbllty. But bol ween
thorn and their living stands tho modern tool, the key to nil wealth, nnd
behind the tool stands the capitalist
owner, with poftt<r to withhold Its uso
from the people. In normal times
uUmt two million workers In this
country are denied tho right to work,
and In times of acute Industrial d<-
pre*»lon tho number of "unemployed"
mounts to flvo millions or more. Yet
all that time the people need food and
The reward of .their in-
mere subsistence ..wage.
bounds with raw, material waiting for
the magic'touch"of labor to be turned
into consumable products. Our.eco-'
nomic system condemns the worker to
suffering and privation amid wealth
and affluence. - v ■
With the- loss „pf' their tools 'the
workers have lost their economic independence? -- They work .and they
live or they idle and 'starve, according
4to the convenience of the powerful
tool-owners,
dustry is a
The fruits of their labor'go largely
to-the possessor of the -productive
capital as an involuntary tax or license'fee.
Two Main Classes
"Thus modern society Is,,split into
two principal economic.classes; the
users of the ntachinery of production,
who do not own it, and the owners,
who do not use lt; the'employers and
the employees,; the capitalists and'the
workers, those who derive their' income from "profits" and those who
depend for their living on "wages."
The classes are not fixed by law, but
they are determined just as effectively
by economic-position, and as the modern Industrial system is unfolding,
they tend to'.become permanent and
even hereditary. A lucky working-
man or clerk may still occasionally
be llfetd.into the coveted - realms of
wealth and power, but ,the probabilities of such a rise are not much greater* than the proverbial chances „> of
each soldier in the Napoleonic army
to be advanced to the* rank of -field
marshal. The vast' mass' ,of wage-
earners are doomed to factory work
for life, and their children, are predestined factory hands. And similarly
capitalism is rapidly becoming a hereditary stains. The "self-made man,"
the pioneer of a new industry, is fast
passing away. , Modern wealth' is
largely in the hands of second or.third
generations.'' The gay heir , who
squanders his fortune and-is reduced
to Ilie original poverty of'hls grand-
^ireiTbeconies rarer, as the fortunes
of, the individual capitalists _grow in
bulk,0 and corporate management supersedes individual' initiative.
„ It is not contended tbat „the entire
population is definitely divided nto the
two classes mentioned.' - There are,
of course, the more".or_lesslin.definiteu
and .indefinable economic groups, generally designated , as ^the "middle
classes," with all shades of-' special
interests, but the main factors,in modern Industrial life are clearly represented by the' two most, pronounced
types of classes—the capitalist and
the wage-earners, the latter comprls-
Ing all grades' of, hired manual and
mental workers.  ■   •
Thi Industrial Spear that Knows No
"~ s Brother
And there is war between and-among the classes. ' War, sometimes
overt and violent, sometimes concealed and even unconscious, but war
nevertheless. The war is all" the
moro Intense and Irrepressible because It springs not from.personal hostility or accidental misunderstanding,
but from over present organic econo-,
mlc antagonism,
. There Is war botweon employer and
employee, ' ,     .
The employer Is ln business for
profits.' Industrial prof Its, corns from
tho work of the hired hand, The
smaller tho wages, the larger the profits. Tho employee works for wngos.
Wages represent tho product of' his
labor aftor deduction of tlio employer's profit. Tho smaller tho, profit,
tho larger the'wages! Tho omployer
must strive to maintain or Increase
his profits undor ponnlty of Industrial
extermination, Kin poraonul views
nnd feollngs cannot alter tho situation.
Tho employee must strive to maintain
or Incroaso his wages undor pain of
physical destruction, Ills personal
Inclinations do not count. Sometimes
thlH antagonism of Interests expresses Itsolf in potty bargaining and com-
nm place haggling, and at othor times
it assumes tho form of violent conflicts; on ono hand atflkos, boycotts
it nd occasional ilynnnilto oxploalons,
and on tho other hnnd lockouts, black
IIsIh, Injunction., un.t JiiIIh.
There Is wnr between ..inployur
and employer.
Unrh enpltnllst con twin'li snare if
nn Industry. Tlio greater tho slutro
Iho larger ordinarily Is IiIh profit, 1II«
natural doalra Ih to Incrcnsc IiIh Hluire.
lie can da that only ut tin.* expuiiKO
of IiIb neighbor. Nonce tlie mad Industrial com petition, the iiiwIIcih
rivalry for lho' "market," tho mutual
tinderbliUlitig nnd uiidorHolling, tho ml-
nlterntlon nnd fnUlflentlnn itf r-m^-w*
dltlos, the soiisoles speculative ontor-
pruos nml finally wholesale, failure
and ruin,
War Betweri Worker and Worker
Thore Is war between worker and
H'fl.'l'l* .-
Modern machinery, although inherently of untold blosslng to mankind,
operates as a cumo upon tho tollor
undor the prevailing system of Individual ownership. It does not lighten
the burdens of the worker. It does
noi reduce his hours of labor—It displaces him from his employment. Tho
marvelous productivity of tho machine
creates the dread legions of jobless
workers, the fierce competition for a
chance to work and tbe consequent
lowering of wages below the living
standard.
. The automatic,'almost self operating
machine makes child and woman labor
possible, and .profitable,' and1 the' children, and wives of the workers, are
drafted" in to. the field of'industry, in
competition "with''their-'fathers and
husbands., The'more women and
children at work in tlie factories, the
rarer become the^ opportunities for
men to*'find work and the lower become their wages. , Child '„and woman labor mean,lower wages for men.'
Low wages for men mean - more child
and woman labor, and so "the workers
move forever in a vicious circle of
misery, and privation. .      . '
There is war between producer and
user.
Business is conducted for profits.
The larger the prices of the commodity or the" higher the rate of service,
the greater ordinarily is the profit of
tho capitalist. Hence the everlasting quarrels between the seller, and
the buyer, the landlord and tenant, the
carrier and passenger; the aggressive
and inexorable "producer" and the pitiable "ultimate consumer."
The individualistic' and competitive
system of industry is a system of general social, warfare, *' an ugly, brutal
fight of all against all. It is a mad,
embittered race for wealth or bread
without plan or system, without pity
or mercy. ' It lias produced the abnor-
mar type'of .the multi-milliohaire with
a-horde of .material wealth vast enough to last thousands of families for
many generations to come, and_.the
children of the"* slums succumbing for
lack of the barest necessaries of life.
It operates.through"periods,.of feverish activity during which men and women and even children of tender age
are worked to'exhaustion, and periods
of inactivity \ and depression during
which millions of'willing workers are
forced into'idlenes and starvation.
'   The .Competitive System Outlived-
The system of competition- has not
been without- merit. ' It t has organized industry; stimulated * invention
and increased' human productivity a
hundredfold. *■: It has created vast
wealth 'and 'evolved higher standards
of life. , It Jias broken down the-barriers between .countries and united all
modern nations into one world-wide
family? of almost" identical culture and
civilization. ; It, has played a most
important and -useful part in the history of .human growth. - ' .
"" "BuAsharing the fate of all' other
monopolies als» have jthe.?power,"to
arbitrarily fix-the prices of "commodities.?' In Im'bst trustified ^'industries
tli'e'"pricesV.ot "-goods orTTcharges ? for
services have; increased, enormously,
notwithstanding tbe great 7 economies
in" production.*'- 'The trusts..are^the
principal cause^ of the vexatious -new
problem '.familiarly and'1.-intimately
known as "the'high cosAof.livihg.'A
' But more-baneful even thanjthe economic., evils' bf the trusts-are-their
corrupting effects on - the',public • and
political life of the country—their .'.notorious influence on the two dominant
political-parties,.the government,?'legislatures and judiciary,1 and their control pf the-public press?;.' The trusts
are a7 most serious menace to'democracy.   . \ _. ?.'• -   S..,-.   -;■?,'   ;
Thus - capitalist management of the
Industries,' both competitive*'and trustified, has' bred most of, the social
maladies of.,our day and generation." 1
'• It has divided the people Into "classes with' antagonistic economic" inter-"
ests-and lias bred''class struggles and
class hatred. »x       '       .,'.,'
It has placea, Inordinate wealth and
power In the, hands of the few," and
has reduced the many to a state of
drudgery and poverty.      '   -     A?
It has cast out.'of the active industrial life of the nation millions.of willing and able workers and has-driven
them Into shlftlessnessj vice ■ • and
crime.,.   .
It has brought uncertainty and mis-,
ery to all classes of the people, and
happlnes to none. •'••-.
Fate of the Small Business Man
, Tho wage-Worker is not the only one
tp suffer from the consequences of
capitalistic mismanagement. ■ ' *
For the small merchant or manufacturer, .placed between the nether mill-'
stone of competition with' his own
kind and the upper, millstone of powerful industrial combinations,, business
is an embittered and pitiful struggle.
. He 'fights' hard to maintain his in-'
dustrial independence, but it is a losing fight against, the "superior "■ force
of irresistible and immutable economic development. His fate is sealed.
It is only a question of time when lie
will find his abiding place in the service of the trust or in the ranks of
propertyless .wage .labor. *
'*-_Th'e precarious status.of the small'
business man-drives his sons and daughters in even ■ greater numbers into
the liberal .professions. ' The latter,
become congested in the extreme, unregulated, uncertain and unremunera-
tiv'e. The' professional classes ''have
their armies of-unemployed or partly,
unemployed substantially to the same
extent as the wage-workers. .' The "intellectual proletarian" is not much
better situated than the proletarian of
Athe__man.uaL-?variet"r^—^-r—
Tbey merely^ point out the'obyibus'fact
of economic classes -""and1, class? antagonism. "   If is^ no, inore,i reasonable ?_b
charge the ? "Spcialist^gitator'?'- with
fomenting class'.-wars 'than it-.would
be .to hold; the/keterologistVrespdnsi-'
ble for storms. ? As'a^matter, of fact,'
the Socialist movement .is" the only organized force in moiieni'society which
consciously ■ seeks to 'abolish,.all 'class
divisions and .class" struggles? A >A; '
'.Poverty as such i's;,"of^course,'-also
not a new and specifically'capitalistic,
phenomenon. " The' poor have always
been with us...   But the .poverty".'of
former- eras was a necessary "evil'due
to the simple fact 'that: man had not
yet learned to -produce,'a.-'sufflcient
supply of necessaries by. means of proper tools.    Modern pbvert'y-?is. entire-,
ly,artificial and .wholly unnecessary.,'
r" The' marvelous growth' of the, pro-"
ductivity„of labor within the last generations has enabled mankind-for-the
first time ln history to produce enough
to satisfy all reasonable needs of 9,11
reasonable human beings.    The mass-
poverty of today is due solely to irrational and faulty'Industrial .organization. , . '
The Socialist, program thus offers
a solution of all the vital. social problems" of our time.—The Metropolitan
Magazine.     ' ,           „■                     ,;
_*/*-.
■. -•v,vy-^;'^;r^v7yv'>yA,*-^''','-^v,'^'A::'v«^"^^ -i--; -^y
■ .* K\^iyw &?*?**■&%_?__. ■> ■* Ch^sy _f^.^&yv ■ y -^-v
—<-<- ?& ifcang?^
General Dealers
*.*> :J
■.i.'OV'V-
*.L .-
"THREE SLAVES
industrial systems,.competition finally."
reaches a stage, when-its mission, is
accomplished and its'usefulness is outlived. Competition, which in its youth
and vigor is "the life of trade," becomes in old age a plague and a nuisance. In the long run it .demoralizes
the industrial - life of the, nation and
exhausts and ruins the competitors
themselves/, -At that point- competi-'
tion begins , to ' yield, gradually but
surely, to a new' Industrial form—combination. Then arises the modorn
business corporations, followed by
trade agreements and pools, and finally by the trusts and monopolies.
The Trust a Superior Development.
The trusts are not the invention, of
Ingonlous financial manipulators, nor
are they accidental and preventable
ovlls. They aro the Inevitable culmination of the process of capitalist development, the mature fruit of tho system of Industrial Individualism, They
represent a superior and more efficient mothod of industrial management
thnn competition, 'just as the modorn
machlno ls a superior and moro efficient medium of Industrial operation
than the antiquated hand-tool.
•The trusts nro a, powerful factor
in tho Industrial life ot tho nation, and
thoy modify the social conditions of
the country both for tho hotter and tho
worse. As large consolidations of
capital oporntlng ln unison over tho
aroa of ono entire Industry or a considerable part of It, thoy tond to ollm-
Inato much of tho chaos and anarchy
of tho , compotltivo systom. Thoy
have the powor to regulate tho supply
of coinmodltloB In accord with tho do-
piand, to curb wasto and overproduction nnd to diminish tho ovll of periodical Industrial depressions and financial crises,
A Breeder of New Evlli
Hut tha1 beneficial features of tlio
tniHls nro'moro thnn balanced by tho
now ovlls which' thoy breed, Tho
trustH, lllto all othor modorn IndiiHtrlal
liiBtltutloiiH, nro primarily conducted
for tho profits of their Individual owners nnd promoters. They aro therefore afflicted with all Hio vices of
prlvato capitalist ownership and man-
ngoniont, and tholr tremendous powers Intensify the evllx. Tlio trusts
luivo developed the art of ovemiplthl-
Izntlon to a most niidncious and alarm-
ing extent.     JltllloiiB of dollars of
' (
• The, farmer is dominated, controlled and exploited by the power of capitalism just as much as the'other producing classes. By means of mortgages, railroad freight rates, elevator
and,storage charges and prices of rao-
nopolistically produced > farm imple-"
ments and-machinery, the'capitalists
manage? tc appropriate* .the lion's
share of his labor just- as effectively,
though not quite as directly, as that
of the hired factory hand.
,'' And1 even the capitalist", . the sole
beneficiary of the modern.industrial
system, does' not 'always lead ii life
of joy, leisure and mental repose. The
active capitalist is driven by the system moro than he Is driving it. . Ho
Is slavo as well ns, master of his
wealth.   ' ' '
Thus our present order breeds social,
unhapplness and misery, and* general
discontent and unrest.
' The 8y8tem Not the Individual at
Fault
"No individual or dns of Individuals
can bo held responsible for theso conditions. ' Tho avorago capitalist Is Inherently as good as the avorago worker, Tho avorago worker is by naturo
no hetter than the avorago capitalist.
Tho Ills of our socloty aro-the direct
and inevitable results of a system
that allows ono group of persons to
own the tools which nro Indlsponsnblo
to the Hvos of all persons, ond thus,
makes tho fow tho absolute masters
of tho many. So long as this system
endures, no individual can escape from
Its tolls. Tho Industrial Juggornaut
places each man In his position and
assigns.to him his placo. Ho tolls
or he loafs, ho robs or Ib robbed according to his part In tho gonorad in-
dtiBtrlnl scheme. Moral, Borm'ons nnd
abstract social oHiIcb aro holploBB against thlB Blttintlon, and tho political
reformers who nttompt to romovo tho
offoctB of the baneful HyBlom without
grasping Its milistonco or attacking
l,t» foundation aro ludicrously Ineffective. Tho ovll outgrowths of tho
capitalist system can only bo curod
by tho removal of ith mnln sources and
eauso—tho private ownership of the
social toolH of wuultli-produetlon.
Socialism pi-opoHos to accomplish
this by tho traimfor of thn Hoiircoa and
Instruments of wcalth-prodiictlon from
tho Individual capitalists to tho nation nn intteli fn l-o r,....,,r! s,'.:.\ ;;*;..-,..-
collectively by  thn  pnnplr-' for   .hr-11'
From our office window we sometimes, see some strange" sights, /and
some sights that areuiiot strange? be---
cause they are familiar, -but are never;
theless'a constant source of wonder.
Three slaves stopped outside' the win-.,
dowv ' Two were' well fed, sleek and
glossy, "with3 good clothes/ - They
looked, and doubtless ,felt, contented1
and happy.' Prom all appearances tney
had1 a good many]reasons for feeling
good. They were-in fine.physical condition; not too faf, and bad .ail the appearance" of .'never, beings* overworked.
In; fact,' they' were -res.ing when they
attracted, our optic. ; The third slave
was'of .a different type! He did not
look, either well fed, sleek or glossy.
He wore, a battered felt hat that had
it     . \
apparently seen several years' service,
a soiled blue shirt' and disreputable
overalls. If he was happy.Jne successfully concealed the fact. He looked
dispirited; overworked and lacking vitality,:.'He was, listless, while his companion slaves^ .were "full' of life and
'vigor, and seemingly ^ anxious, to be
moving again.- "Whether he wns contented ,or not. with ;his lot'it was impossible to judge.. From previous experience ,with the" type, we shouIdobe
probably" right In assuming ,that- he
was not contented. If he was, he could
show, no .ev!3ence-Jn_-jus.Ufi-catioaJ-fo_-,
it,"as could.the.^other two?' - If physical well-being-produces- content," then
•we should expect-this"specimen to be'
an uncompromising revolutionist, but
he did riot look-as if he'had .a kick in
him. , He"was a teamster?* a two-leg-
ged_ slave, and his companions were
his, team, fpur-Iegged slaves. \- His"
master had money invested in \ the
bodies of Iils^companlohs, and it wouTd
cost-him probably $1,500 to R000 t<i
replace them If .they were Injured oi',
their health suffered.'    Not, so -with'
the human slave. He was so cheap
that his master did not care wliat
happened to him—whether he was well
fed. or, not, how he was dressed, how
he felt or looked. If ho got sick he
called in no doctor, but a'man to -tako
his place, and' carry on tho work without a hitch. In spite of all this, tho
two logged {slave considers! his*quadrupedal companions his; Inferiors In
the animal klndom! , Ho'Is tho lord
of creation! Yes, sirrebl A free
horn Brltlshtir or a star-spangled -Yankee,' who dooply loves tho liberty his
forefathers fought for .and* gained at
the oxponso of their blood and treasure. Ho Is no Blavb, No, sir. ' One
ls forcibly reminded of Paul Lnfnr.
gue's satarlcal recommendation, that
the modern workor should discard tho
worn-out motto—"tho rights of mon"
—and Inscribe on his banner tho revolutionary watchword, "Tho rights of
tho horeo,"—B. C. FodoratlonlBt.
A PUZZLE
Itoglna having boon donotincod rocontly on account of allogod Immorality, tho pulpit may bo tempted to dos-
crlbo.tho hunicano as a vengeance of
God, I-aforo doing so, It would.bo
wise to rofloct that tho chief build,
lugs damaged wore throe churches, a
parsonage a public library, and a Y.
Wr C. A.—Toronto Star,
\ ^'C> 0,V*T->
GS7:MSSS _i'yS,
mems
■y .,','.-- -f,t-
rand'-~
Dry Goods, {Boots, Shoes.
"■ ^-.'v'Men'&JPurnis&ings' A
A '" ;y ■. y-y -- 'A' Ay--  A  .-
' ■••    ";    '. "".'A--'-- --■;-> :-A,': y '     -.**'-*"
A.,, Groceries/' Fruits and     _
•'■A. A ^Provisions*' *'-* Vr'v-
Belleviie^ Alta.
> We have just opened our,large'spring ship-.
■ ment_.of of these: famous shoes.and have.tne'A';. '
best,range of $4.50, $5, and ^6 shoes ever •_
shown'in Hosmer. * "See theiiew styles dis-,     *
:   played this,w^eek in south window. y.X Xi -. .
A.   PfflEXS   4fe   SON
Hosmer:
-•*•_
.B..C'
Hillcrest, Alta.
\'.'.; Glean iatid Cdirifbrtabie;
.'•'yV..:. T^asty:Mieals xx^(s-y
•i . -'_»■' '' t ■ "^ ■"''-' "
Choice Wines, -Liquors and Cigars
,A - H. J.. CUNNINGHAM, Proprietor ;  j
A.I;BLAIS
■«•
'''<-*     ' ;We" carry a fulHine'of '"'-A " A,AJ.yy.
.- <"  "     .yy.,. -,: ■   : ,.„;:„ „ '--A- _r.-.«y,'s_- •-'; ■?- '
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money.back.
Phone 103    a :': ?      Frank, Alta.
Special Sale of Flatware
Bone-handled Tea' or, Dinner, Knives, at (1.25 per half doz.
1835 Wallace Bros. Tea or' Dinner knives, $2.00 per halt doz.
% Doz.' only Dinner Knives, best plate, $1.75 '■>
% Doz;\only Toronto Silver Plato Ten Knives, $2.26. ,'
18-17 Rogers' Bros. Dinner Knlvos, $2.00 per half doz.   ,      '     7
Rogers' Bast plated Table Spoons at 45c. each.
Wm. Rogers and Son Tablo Spoons $1.75 per half doz.,,.
1847 Rogoru' Bros. Table'Spoons, $2.75 per hnlf doz:
1S47 RogerB\Bros, DeBsort Spoons $2.50 per half doz,'
Ten and Dinner Porks; bost plato, $1.75 per half doz.  .
Wm. Rogors' and Son Dinner Forks, $1.50 por half doz.    ,
Win. Rogors' n_}d Son Al Tea'Forks, $1.75 per half doz.    v     ^
A. C.  LIPHARDT,  JEWELER   <
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
'" \ :y ■■'.■'■', -     -   "'
And Nothing but the Beet in Fresh „
and   Smoked   Moato,   Fresh   and
•Smokod Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc. Etc., go. to <■ • \
1 t
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries, Dry .Goods, and General  Merchandise
=_____=___________=■■■     :,,' "■-—•,• ?■:■   ■:: ■ ".-^__g—.-...j^—-j-u      ,„-—.— _-— „„,,„-, ,^^»^^..^.___\--»—-~.m,,      —,—~y_- 	
iWn  i(.i...i<_u  "atiiu.!..<__>' ure adoat i common uno and hnieflt.
In this <ontitry, and the worKt-ia pay
an nnnunl tribute of hundreds of millions to tho hohlors of this .input- In
tho nhape of Intercut and dlvdc-iid-,.   it
Lit    iHi\i.\\\,nW3      H      tllMIIIU'l    ZllOrtlfllgO
wnlch the trusts thua hold on tho peoplo of tha Unltod States and upon the
products of the toll of ftenorations nf
Americans yet unborn. ,
The trust* are tho most Important
nnd aomMlmw th*. aolo fmployera of
labor in (heir Industries. Hence they
hiiv«» firnt-ttrnUf *h*ohtt<f power to dictate tho term* of employment of (heir
workers. ' Most trustified industries
are characterized by Ionic honn, miserable wagee and general iil-tre*tment
of the employee*.
Tho management of Industries, as a
social function, upon a rational and
scientific basis is nlono capablo of doing awny 'l.ltl. the two orottfot «/•?■;«
«es of modern oh ligation—doss wat
In tho recorded history of (he human
and poverty.
CIobb dlvlolona havo always oxntod
rnco. But advancing elvlllratlon nag
gradually abolished nil privileges bated on birth ami < ..mo. and lt has been
left' to tho capitalist system of prodtic
ttuu U» «vohf u new form of economic
classes based on tho relation to tho
ownership of the tools of production,
Net "Class Hstred" But "No Classes!"
The Socialists do not exault In the
existence ot dai*<* and class itrtiggl-
Th» trusts as compl^f nr praiitlcatlca. and da nol "^ft-ac-h" class hatred,
The People's Store
Owiied by
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
'   fl
\ 1
E invite the inspection of the public
to   our stock which \ is absolutely
rcsh and choice iii evei^; pai'Licuiar.
T
We have one' of the finest stores in the Pass.
,     ■_      > 	
,   , " '■■-    ■  '   H" ■	
)
We are. in every way suited to supply the
public with, quality goods.at living
prices.   Could you expect morc?\ _/> •$; j-,^(j'y^J.
I
;'-rj\ ':
, _ >.~
'*-.
:/   -
y.( -..■'■■ *■
Wii- •«.;
g^gfegTHE DISTRICT; JEEDQEB,.' FERNIE,   B.G.l AUGUST 3,1912."
#5
ePAGE THREE A\
V"':-?
.pV-rw.
?
i
__••<_ Office
HAMILTON
Capital Paid Up...;. .8 2,870,000,
., Reserve and Undivided Profits..  3,500,000
, Total Assets.:...........;  44,000,000
. Just as a successful merchant makes every
effort to give hts customers courteous,/efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank
of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors,
'""every "servise consistent with conservative
banking practice. '* ""_■ ■   A * ' -
":-•'■ No deposit Is too small to assure the de-,
posltor considerate treatment—the^ savings
• accounts.of those in moderate circumstances
are .welcomed*with.courtesy, and with Absence of undue formality which makes banking a'convenience and a pleasure. -      '"..
? '-J. R. Sloan, Aercnt
KENNEDY  &  MANGAN
".   ':-.-,,.•• A, :. V     -'„
Lumber for all
, here at "any time and In any
quanlty.?"- You cannot""swamp
' us with a" large order,, or give
lis ?so small a one that we will
- not attend to^ it.   .   -
THERE ARE BOARDS,'BEAMS
..joists.-shingl.es, Etc./A  .
_ for? any kind of - building you
may be at.work upon.. Have
us- send-you-.what -you want
' when "you want it? A ' -' \ ■' •'
OFFICE] and YARD,
Mcpherson Ave., opp. a. n.
i •  .- .1- ..   ,,.-.-,
DEPOT,
FERNIE
IV. '
IDr. Kelley
■•   yA *A *' ; '     - - • ■•      ,..-•--*
Diseases of Men
"       . ' l      '       f r "• A      i   »
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison
'->   Special treatment for othor -diseases  of  mon:    Neraiin ■ WcnkiioHxeni,
VartcoKc Vein*, ■ Hydrocele, Mood und Skin DUordcni, Sore* Utccrx, Kidney, Illtidiler nud Ueclul ,Dlnortler«,   etc.,'   and '  Contracted    Ailment*.;
Pror.tntc Gluiid Iuflnmiiiatiou, Old Chronic Condition-.. . ,
"\ ■ ■   y y     • y ■   ..
'   Museum of Anatomy  '
.   In this Great Miucuin'Is shown  by  Uto  slzo  modols,  monstrosities,/
riormj_l ami abnormal,conditions of tho various,parts of tho body, Illustrating fully both acute niul cliroulo UIncimcn o( men.
Free Consultation and Advice
MY MOTTO. QUICK, I.AS'I'ING OUAIUNTIBKD CUKES AT MODI-I.-
ATH COST. ':.     '   ' .'      '■  '      • '       \   '
Uxpcrt Medical IQxamlnntlou l'rw, Preo ISxnmlnntton' ot Urine
when iioc-CNNiir,-. Gout-lilt Me— FIUllE, Doii't Dclnyi Delny* are
daiiKcrnum. Cull or write. " Frew Hook. IBvcrjUiliiK confidential. Hourat
D.n.-ii. to 8 p.m.1 Suuilnyn, 10 a.m. to l p.m. *
Dr. Keliey's Museum, 21.6 Howard, Spokane
Sanatorium at Frank
Rocky Mountain
SANATORIUM
at the famous
Sulphur Springs
Every Convenieuce
Bus at all trains
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
WholoHalo Dealers in ,
Wines, Liquors and
CIGARS
FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK
Phone 83, Frank, Alta,
.,-r*-».
C- M.,:'<Di?BKtEW. M.P?0RA m
(> GJVESJS AGG§tJWfe7
y: \':y 7X7QiX'7im taMest
t "About six years ago .Comrade Clam-
roth, the veteran ''"Appear to Reason"
.. ** - ^-   -, ,-.   c- -'." -" ■  -i/
peddlar, was ,arrested",for,-trying to
speak on the streets, of' Calgaryf? .Next'
morning he was ctunied>, loose"7 with
orders to leave'-' town,, ,-.\6ri another,
occasion he was an*ested for'the same
offence. Jno. Harrison and another
Old Country comrade got?.him out:
About three-years ago .Comrade Alix
Susnar.was.arrested,-he was 'speaking tite TJkeranian "* language. --' We
.were addressing.a meeting on'the opposite; corner, at the same time, but
we were not arrested. * We \ spoke
there again the. next'night and many
times since, whenMt suited*-us. - Two
or three hundred slaves joined us In
protest against Comrade-Susnar's arrest, and w© balled-him out. Tho
police magistrate gave the decision
against us. We appealed to the higher court and won the case. The city
has growu, so we moved to Third St.
east,-where there Is very little traffic.
On July 15th, 1912, at about 8 p'.m..
Comrade Berg started to speak? /It
was cold and dull, with a few drops of
rain that'felt like snow. Some comrades thought we could not get an audience.;-, He spoke for about ten minutes, when'I started in. After speaking about 10 minutes (we then had an
audience of about 50) Sergeant-Mc?
IJeod ordered me' to' move, saying:
"You cannot hold such .a meeting, on
the streets of Calgary." I said ,we
often' held' our meeting on these
streets, and that'.there are others .who
hold public meetings on these streets;
.why then?'Bhould we be discriminated
against? He ordered .me to move
and, walked away. ., For about _,slx
years *.I liave been speaking for. the
have had considerable experience with
the police. ' Many a time I have been
ordered to move, but I have only done
so on two occasions: once at Brandon,
Manltoba.^because the comrades urged me to do so.'and once at Fredrick-
ton, N.«B.; on;aVSunday evening, bV
cause I had .my dates made ahead. On
every other occasion when the police
went'for'orders',they found that they
■had' exceeded 'their authority,' and ' I
supposed that is what would, happen to
Sergeant McLeod. '"'Anyhow, I ."expected he would* at].least give me one
more chance."- ,.I told   the   audience
what~he*"sal"d.
I t<jld"the"m that this'
Mst'* .Though '.they' were'" trying Jo
make - me do so. '"*•'• Had t resisted, r.b
doubt they would .have-pounded-me
plenty. "' Then'-the Sergeant "hit me
twice with'his fist on the'back of my,
head, which .dazed'me eaqh time. 1
would have falleji.on'my face on'tho*
cement; floor, b"ut:for him holding me
by the coat collar. . He chucked sme
from one room to' .another, saying:
"We knoWjgj'ouj'we have your record."
Finally -he threw me into a cell. "Try
that arid see how. you like It," he roared in a manner that you would not address a tramp dog.". The cell just con-
talned an iron bunk, no mattress, and
a part of a bolognla sausage-'in the
corner. . The comrades, > who .were
waiting In the. public corriclor for a
chance to ball me out,heard the police
manhandling me, bo Comrade McClus-
ky opened the ,door and walked in.
A policeman grabbed hold of him,
placed him under arrest and took him
to a cell. While the door was open
the-o|jher comrades saw -.the policeman pulling me about* Other pollcs-
men rushed the rest of the comrades
out of'the public corridor and lock-
d the station doors. ' It was midnight
before my comrades could bring sufficient pressure to" Induce them to accept? my bail. JAbout four thousand
slaves- gathered aroimd- the station.-
They hissed the police and cheered ar
O'Brien and Socialism. ' - , . •
7 Half-an-hour before the court met
next day they said, in answer.tb" a
phone message''from our lawyer, Jthait
as yet no charge had been laid against
us. ' 'When we .'appeared we", "were
charged with being vagrantss When
arrested Comrade .McClucky had" a
few, dollars in cash and a bank bock
showing about five hundred „ dollars
to his- credit. I had over one hundred
dollars ,ln cash. < But the -Vagrancy
Law is a'blanket-that justifies thej
arrest of any citizen at any time and
under alihost any circumstances.
Particularly, is.lt applicable to members- of our class. For the benefit of-
the readers of the District Ledger the
following -is the Vagrancy Act of the
criminal .'code: A   :        '    •
„ 238.—VAGRANCY   DEFINED-
Every pne,wlio-ls~ii loose.idle- :or
,, f ^     , ■ m\ . -       , -
disorderly-person or vagrant who—
. (a),Not having any visible means
policeman Is,not,a millionaire, he is a
member of"our class—a proletarian—
propertyless -human animal—he does
not own the coat on h!s;back, nor the
button's' on-* the' coat;, perhaps - he is
obeying orders, perhaps exceeding his
authority.'_    If ltt was the5 former I
will   move,   for,, then   he.,has the
powor of the state behind him.     In
about ten minutes, the "audience had
numbered about 150?   'Another policeman informed me that I'.was uncVer arrest and hat he'had orders to take"
me to the'station, - I wont with him,
By the time we got to the station a
very large crowd was shouting shaim.
to tho police.    A numbor ot comrades
ready to! give" ball got Into the station before the door was" locked,   Ono
of the Indignant crowd was arrested,
chucked Into the place where I was
emptying   my, pockets; handled very
roughly and spoken to In a very'lu-'
suiting manner,    Tho pollco searched, .iim and then said to-him "Stuff
this truck Into your pockets and got to
Holl bwt of horo."    About this timo
Scvgoa.it McLeod said lo mo:, "If, you
had taken my advice you would not
bo horo."   I replied ns I did on tlio
s.root,     Thon n. plain clothes dotec-
tlvo, wiio was listening at tho street
mooting, said: "Nono   but 'religious
folks and Uiobo with permits aro allowed to spqal. on tlio Btroots."    The
Blbrgonpt then'said: "Como with mb
to tlio coll."   I asked If I might have
a receipt for what had beon taken
from mo and tho pollcomim w.io took
my belongings, and tlio Borgonnt, both
Bald: "You-nro not entitled to' a ro-
colpt."    At that moment tho boih.oiuu
gi'iibbod my coat collar nt tho back
of my nock, pulled mo towards him,
-which took mo off my balance,   and
thon ho throw mo ngalnst tho police-
mini who had n.roB.cd mo.    Ho did
not offer to handle nio, but kept hid
balance nnd enabled mo to got mlno.
Thon tblfl dotoctlvo grabbocl mo nnd
gnvo mo tho moBt awful chucking 1
ovor had,    Willi being pullotl about
my hand camo in contact with a doak.
I grabbed It.    Tho sergeant grabbed
my arm .twlutod It bohlnd my bfiet.
ond caught tno by tho coat collar .-tt
tho baok ot my nock,    AU this tlmo
T wai. ropontlng "I don't want to ro-
"Ol- SuuSiSieiiue^viij— iuUuu—wanuenng"
abroad or lodging In any barn or lout-
house, or in 'any deserted or" unoccupi-
ed.^buildirig, or In any cart or wagon?
or in any railway carriage;or freight
car, or iri any railway building and
not giving a good account of himself,
or, who, not having any visible means
of,.maintaining himself, lives'.wthout
employment'." , • ;
• (b)* Being able to work and thereby
or by. other means to maintain, himself and family, wilfully refuses or
neglects to do so."
•• ,(c) Openly exposes or exhibits In
any'street, road, highway or' public
place, any Indecent exhibition.
' (d) Without a .-, certificate signed,
within six months, by,a priest', clergy-,
man, or minister of the Gospel, or two
justices,' residing in .the .municipality
whore the alms aro bolng asked, that
ho'or she is a deserving object„o£
charity,- wanders about and bogs, or
goes about from door to door, or
places hlniBolf or, horself In ony street,
highway, passage or 'public placo to
bog or rocolvo almo?   ,   N-
• (o) Loiters on nny atroo.t, road, high
way or public place, and' obstructs pas-
sengorB by standing ncroBs tho foot'
path, or by ubIiib Insulting language,
or In nny other way', -
(f)"CniiHos a disturbance in or near
nny streot, road, highway or public
placo by (.creaming, swonrlng or singing, or by bolng drunk or by impeding
or incommoding ponceablo paHBeng'ori.,
(This is tho clause under which wc
woro charged, and readers of tho
Lodger will rondlly rocognlzo tlio
"broadnoBB" of snmo .ind tho'unllmlt-
ed, powor It cbnforn on tho pollco,)
(K) By discharging flroarms, or by
riotous or dtoordcrly conduct In any
Btroot or highway, wantonly dittturbB
tho poaco and quiet ot tho inmates of
any dwelling houBo noar nny Btich
stroot or highway.
(h) Toarft down or dofaeoB nlgns,
breaks wlntlowB, or doors, or door
platoH, or tho whIIh of Iiouhoh, roads
or gardens!' or destroys fences,
(1) Doing a common prostitute or
night walker, wander* In tho fields,
public Btroots or highways, lalles or
places of publlo mooting or gathorlng
of pooplo, nnd tiooa not give n satis-
factory nccount of hor«elf,
, (j) - Is st keeper or inmate of a disorderly 'house, a bawdy-house, or
house of, ill»fame(. or'.house for. the
resort, of prostitutes. '.   .; ■' ? *■'
(k) Is in "the habit of frequenting
such houses and d?oes not give a satisfactory account of?him"self or herself;
or>'~.    ^    v >    ■/   ,- ."*   -      "   ■ ' '"
(1) Having;n6 peaceable profession
or calling to maintain himself, by, for
the most part ■ supports', himself „by,
gaming or crime,/or ay the avails of
prostitution. '55-56 V.. c. 29," s, 207;
63?64 V., c. 46,, s. 3.,' '
23.yVrAGRANCY.' PUNISHMENT OF
Every loose,' idle or disorderly person or, .vagrant is liable, on summary
conviction, to a fine "not exceeding
fifty dollars or'tq'imprisonment;'with
or wihtout- hard labor,'fo^ any term
not'exceedlrig'six*months, or to both:
^Provided that no aged or infirm person shall be convicted for any reason
within,paragraph (a) of the last preceding" section, as a loose,, idle or dis-
orderly person or vagrant in - the
county .of"which he haB for the two
y€ars Immediately preceding 'been a
resident. 55-56 V., c. 20, s. 208; 57-
58 V., c 57, s. 1; 63-64 V., c. 46, s. 3.
Fortunately the following high court
decisions used In the Susnar Case, and
the Susnar Caso itself (upon- which
our defence .was laid); are still considered authoritative Interpretations
of the act:       '   . ,    '
KING v«." SUSNAR
This Is an appeal made £rom a conviction made by the Police Magistrate
of the City of Calgary, upon an/infor-
mation.laid under Section 238 s. s. (e)"
ot the Criminal^Code, Ai.hough„the
evidence, as to the obstruction of passengers on the evening of the'7th of
September lasr'on.the street iii question, was of a contradictory nature, I
am of'the opinion that the street was
blocked by the.assemblage to such an
extent as to at least. slightly Incommode" persons using the street, and
that .sneh assemblage was caused by
the acts' of the= accused, but such obstruction was not serious or accompanied with any disturbance. ;
_ TheWidence also,developed the'-fact
that.-the accused was a person of good
character.. and position in the community/and in fact occupied an official, position as organizer of certain
branch of .labor and engaged in'regular employment.
An Ontario case was.cited In which
it,has, been held- that a person cannot
be convicted of being a vagrant under
the Vagrant Act, 32-33 Vic. ch. 28, unless he' has acquired in some degree
a- character'which, brings him, within
it. - In.this instance the accused can?
not be.sald to, have in any way acquired such a reputation or character.
In the* ease*, of the1 King vs. Knee-
Iandrth^<_»uir^n<:i_ig'rBeWBrQu?'
bee, on a case reserved, held that .Article 207 (now'Section 238).' of tlie
Criminal .Code.,is, appllcab-e only to
loose, idle .and- disorderly psrsons and
dqes not "apply, to persons of good
character. ..    , , " ,
Under the evidence in this co^and
the*authorities I have come'to the conclusion that the'conviction must be
quashed;    No order as to costs.
A(SIgned) c< R* MITCHELL,
" J. D. C.
Oct. 30, 1908,    , -     '"
In the. courtroom there was' about
four feet,between my face and Sergeant McLeod's.7 He Is like a cayuse
—you' cannot catch him looking at
you. But as I looked him In tlio face,
he kissed tho Biblo and swore that
when he ordered me to move, tho
street was blocked so that no ono
could possibly, got through;'that ho
did not know who I was; that ho had
novcr.hoard of me before; that he did
not.hlt mo, ,otc, We did not glvo nny
evidence, the mnglstrnto dismissing
us, and we apoko in the Biime plnco
(hat evoning
Tho jail was so full that thoy had
thorn Bleeping two,In a cell, ono In the
iron bunk and one on tho cement floor,
nnd in sojAo casos two on, top of tho
coll.—C, M. O'Brien,
WHAT
■■it
APE  WAGES?—DO y '
.     l'GET"WHAT- I   EARN?
-.' If 'several' workmen were to be allied:     ,   A.
. "How-much wages do you get?" One
would reply,.','I get a dollar '.A day'
from my, employer"; another, ''1 get
two -dollars a day," &'nd so on;' '
- According to the':different branch3s
of industry in" which they are emp dyed, they would mention* different sun_s
of money that they received from their
respective employers for the compte-
tich of, a certain task; for example,
for weaving' a-yard of linen "or for
setting a page bf type.
Despite the variety of theif statements rthey would all agree upon one
point:, that wages are the amount of
money which the capitalist "pay for a
certain period of work or for a certain
amount'of'work.--
Consequently, It*.appears that the
capitalist buys their labor with money
and that for money, they sell him their
labor. But this Is merely an Illusion,.
■ What they actually sell to the capt
tallst for money is their labor power,
This labor power the capitalist buys
for a day, a week, a month, etc. And
after he has bought it, he uses it up
by letting the worker labor during the
stipulated, time.   • ...*-'
With Pthe same amount of money
with which,the capitalist has bought
their labor power, for example, with
two dollars,* he could have bought a
certain amount of "sugar or of any other commodity.
The two dollars - with which he
bought twenty pounds of sugar Is-tho
price of twenty pounds of' sugar. The
two "dollars with which he bought
twelve hours', use of the labor power,
is the price of twelve'hours' labor.
Labor power, then, is'"a commodity,
no more, no less so than Is the sugar.
The first Ib measured by the.clock, the
other by the scales.  . • ,   •       '*
Their commodity, labor power, the
workers exchange for the commodity
of the capitalist, for money, and, moreover, this exchange takes place at a
certain ratio. So much money for so
long a use of labor power.   •
■For twelve hours' weaving, two dollars. l , .    , '    ,  .
And these.two' ilollars, do they not
represent all Ihe other ■ commodities
which I can'buy for two dollars?  7X
Therefore, actually, the worker has
exchanged his commodity, labor power, for'commodities of all'kinds, and
moreover, at a certain ratio.
By giving his two dollars, the capitalist has given, him so much meat, so
much'clotliin'g, so much wood, light,
etc., in exchange for his days' work.
The two dollars. therefb""re^_exDre_s_seg_
"WAGES MUST GO UP,   '---   ,"-'' 7 S.«■"■'.
. "[ ' , v says' han kins/A *
the relation in which" labor power is
exchanged for other commodities, the
exchange value of labor power.
-The exchange value of a'commodlty
estmated in money lsvc"alled its price.
Wages, therefore,' are only a special
name for,-the price of labor powor,
anil are-usually, called the price'ot
works; it is the special name for tho
price ■ of this peculiar commodity,
which has no other repository than hu.
man flesh and blood.   ,
8TRIKES IN JAPAN
HAVING GOOD EFFECTS
Stephen X Humble
Dealer in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - ... Alberta
mi_   <t_>ALNm_»-Lfi.l>l   JO_Mi,<-__V
OF COMMERCE
8111 EDMUND WALKBlt. C.V.O., IX.D., n.C.T-.)>r«_.ld_mt
AUbXAbk-bifk i_AIH_> i-Ju.V AliVu
Cc-M-1-.l Manner AmUuii. Gtiwal Muu_.fr
CAPITAL, $15(000,000 REST, $12,500,000
BANKING BY MAIL
" .
Accounb may be opened al every branch of The Canadian
Rink of Commerce to be operated by mall, and will receive thc
«amc careful attention a is given to all other departments of.the
Bank'4 business.' Money may be deposited or withdrawn In this
way a* Mfl.tfartorfly »* by a personal visit to thc Bank.       «4
FERN IB BRANCH L. A. 8, DA0K. Marugir.
The blf? strike of tno Tolclo tramway omploypp3 early In January w.\s
followed by tho trouble In Kitro and
moro rocontly by llio Htrlko of Htonm-
Khlp stokers, says tlio .Tn.ian Clironlcln
of Kobo. The opinion la now bo>
lui? oxproasod tlmt the frorjuont out-
bronk of sucli dl-tltii-bancof. ennnot, bo
loft unclicckod, nnd tlio Rovoriimont is
snld to.lmvo dooldod to exorclHe utrlct-
or control for tbo prevention of bucIi
dlBturlmncoB In nccordnnco with tlio
pollco law for • tho pronorvntlon of
poaco,
At tho Rama tlmo tlio Rovoriimont
will proposa InBortlii-,* In tha fnctory
lnw provisions relating; to protection
of Inbororn, with a vlow to provontlnK
any outburst of "dnnKOroiiB thoughts."
Tho proposod now provision, It Ih
wild, will compel InrRO ninnnfiK-lurliiK
companion to distribute ii ct<rtnlu por-
contnito of tholr profits ntnoiipt their
t'liipioyeew, in addition to tliulr regular
TJjIb money, however, will not bo
pnld to m«>n, but will b<> held by tholr
employers, and when mon j,o on Htrllto
"wlth6ut duo eniiBo" thlu monoy will
tn. _i...c..«a*_, in inn- -Aiiy, ii ib reported, tbo gov«rnm-i.nt propoivoB to
conelllnto capital nnd labor nnd no
proBorvo public oocurity nnd nyold
gorlotiB labor dlnturbnncoB.
Clark College, Instructor Declares Present Scale-is not Sufficient" for''
" S   '   Workers-?'-
of
the
de-
.   Prof.  Frank  Hankins,
partment of sociology. and economics
il: Clark College? Worcester, recently- -.
made an address in'his home city tbat
is.of interest to'wbrlfers, and it should
tie of interest to employers if they had
rn eye to the future? instead of lSok:"
ing everlastingly to the dividends for"^
the next quarter. ., •
He said that even $15, a week' is too '
small a wage for a man with a family, .
as we already knew, and that there ,.
are-two standards of living, one, of
bare existence, one of efficiency.   He
favors looking to the latter, but", says
It may not be attained if tho wage-Ts
insufficient. ^       -'.,'''<.'
Among other things Prof. Hankins
snld
, "A man with a family ot threes children, or even two, cannot decent.}- pro-" ,
vide for them on a, minimum wage of
$15 n week and lay aside for a- rainy-
day. The wage standard in the United States is rapidly becoming a single-
man standard.
"The low rate^of wages,'especially in
the textile centers, Is one of the real
reasons for so much Immorality.    To
overcome this our educational system
must be reorganized so it will contribute vastly ,mor© to the equipment of
the children of the .poor. . The tariff,
must be" revised to take out of its
greatest Iniquities; Immigration must
be controlled In the Interest of wage
earners.already In'this country, rather •
than leave It' uncontrolled in the in-.
tcrests of' "those who continually de- ".
mand cheap labor and in many  cases
Import it against-the law.
"Throughout the ranks of labor in'
our large Industries, especially those'
employing,, the greatest' number   of
workers, the annual earnings are unl-
formly lower than the amount deemed '.
necessary by scientific .investigators
to maintain as a minimum American
standard of living. , :
. "It is a matter of wonder that so
many workers are living on their small ?
earnings,    We know that many of the
laborers manage to make both ends'
meet in the majority of cases, a fact -
which, is mostly to their credit.   But
the,fact that should concern us the
most is that it is highly probable that.,
the income of wages of tne working
classes are not large enough in most
cases to afford the necessary amount ~
of house room," wholesome food, fresh ''
air and sunlight, recreation and'Intel-"
MUBT BE FINIT SPORT
Orrn ot tho UT.rn.Mt Jora of txthlon-
ablo'London la, io wo are toltl, to nit
In a reitaurant window nnd watch tlio
day|,dawn over tbe parkii with your
mouth full of ham and eggs nnd a tall
*lm of ligor beer at your *!bow.
Tk>f*n nny body Antiht If? — mi^n ry
Herald.
STARVATION IN AMERICA
In the United States malnutrition
proves decidedly a problem, nn, Issuo
springing at once into leading Importance. It nppenrs in 10 per cent of
our schoolchildren.,'" Next to-oye
strain and bad'teeth,,, malnutrition is
the physical defect which constitutes
our children's most* serious handicap.
Thus a percentage of one-tenth'of the
totnl school population Is no moro nr-
bltnry figure. It comes oh a result
of stu'dlos conducted In ten typical
AmorTcnn cities, Including New York.
Technically, malnutrition Ib the condition arising whon, for any reason,
thc body's Hbsuos nro not receiving
enough nourishment, first, to supply
tho onorgy needed, and, second, to
supply tlio materials ot which tho tls.
Biica nro built,
Two forms of malnutrition nro generally found. Ono Is whero tho child
Is Htroug enough, so far nt. normal
amount of tlssuo goos, but, Is deficient
In onorgy, Tho othor Is whoro tlioro
la nn actual lack of tissue—where the
child thnt Ih bolng stunted doos not
nomo up to tho normnl nlnndnrd of ttn
ngo nnd rnco; for It must always bo
romomborod that tho heredity which
Is confirmed Into rofiliU characterlB-
tics citiiHtltuto a (factor of prlmo Importnnco In judging tlio development
of the young,
Horo wo havo tlio wholo problom not
boforo iin: American condition.1 of
mnlnutrltlon nmong tho school chlldron corrcdpondB closely to Kuropoon:
dlHoiiHo nnd doformlty nro frequent
conBoquonroa; dontlm nro niimoroim
prior to school ngo; a vnst, If un.
charted, roBter ■ of minor mnlnutrltlon surround the conspicuous school
ciibob reported with n heavy, sternly
drain by death upon tlio young; n
gruvo and oteady Impalrntcnt physically nnd mentally or nl lonut If) pnr
cent, of tlio survivors,
Vim lionet)-, plmii truth ib that people ilon't^ got enough to out. They
may cct enough In point of bulk, but
not onoiigh In point of food viiluoH,
Dr. Robert Colt Chnpln, of tho Uufuw.Il
rinfio Koiifirtmion, In his "Btnndnrd of
Uvlng Among Worklngrmm'|. Fnmlllor.
In New York city," look 1,200 families
nnd rho»o 100 n» typical, with avorago
incomes! with average number of
children, throo, and average family,
fiv.-..^ 'Amount of foo'l comtomed w»b
kftpt account,of, day by day; roport«
ivcrc given to the nutrition lubuvaiury
nt Valoi" the foodti wore regularly nn-
nly»ed for tlielr food vMum. Ileanlt,
when comparwl with the American
•inndard, the Atwatnr standard, show,
fd that the large majority of thc-m
wrn» nof ^tfitB onough to iia.tr -
Pittsburg DiBpntch.
American citizens, A '
; J'lt is not simply a problem of \vhe-...
ther they aroJ getting enough to keep -'
body 'and soul together, but it Is a
question of*the widest significance for-
our social policy, and, for the future
welfare of our American Institutions, '
and that we cannot afford in this coun- .
try to nllow  the .development of a ,
great mass of misery and Ignorance-7
at the bottom of-, our "society which
will not only blacken our civilization,
but*actunlly endanger our institutions?,'
"Child lnbor, ■ tlie employment' of
women, workmen's compensation for
Industrial accidents, social Insuranco
ngalnst, sickness, unemployment and.
ol« nge, better housing, vocational
training nnd guidance, tho conservation of llfo and the equalization of
Its opportunities are matters in tho
solution of' this gront quostlon of
which wo nmy all co-oporato.
"The _mlnlmum wngo of $15 n weolc
Is fnr from anything like n decent,
subsistence standard, nnd Is not expected lo cover all' the Items that
would raise tho efficiency ot the workors to n maximum. Tlioro aro two
BlandnrdB of living. Ono is the subsistence and the otli/ir tho efficiency
stniidnrd, tho minimum being, tho for-
iner and IncliuHng only that amount
and variety of food, air, sunlight nnd •
recreation necessary to otmblo the ,
workor to contlnuo at his,labor moro
or Iohh regularly.
"It does not'Include for tho workor
tlioso nddod nniotintH of food nnd roc-
rent Ion that lend'neat ami uijoymi-.it
to llfo nnd rnlso life's level from dumb
bruto oxlstoiico to human civilized
living, nor doon-it includo, for hln
family ns milch food, air nnd Hunllght
as they would profit by."
RAILROADS   AND  FORE8T   FIRES.
Hnllroiul i-ompanloB operating In
tlio province of AHiortn aro hold I Initio for every forest flro strirtlun within .'100 ynrdm of lliolr rlght.of-wny and
In tho ovont of It getting beyond eon-
trol their mon must fight It for at
least 10 nillcn, being also respoiiHlblo
for tlm cost of the work and tho resultant damage to public or prlvato proporty, Tho foregoing embodied lu un
order Issued by Cllvo l_eavott, chief
flro Inopoctor for tho board of rnllwny
commlsslonnri* -iffwMw mi thn •"■nnfi.
dlan Pacific line July 5, nnd on thn
(irnttd Trunk Pacific, nnd (.nnndlnn
Northern lines, July loth,
Tho rnllwnyB are ordeiod to patrol
tho fire district regularly, going over
the road from two to four tlme» dally.
lho men being employed by tho com-
pnnlra. The department of tho Intor.
lor linn appointed an liin|rector, whone
dutloB It Ih to boo thnt tho work Ib
cnrrled on properly. Voloclpoden will
bo used In the northern districts of
the province, the fire r.u.gera going
over their patrols 30 minutes aftor tho
pausing of vat-h tialu. A liuiulivd
men will be required to do tho work.
Tlie .-ompnnlc* have alfto been advised to Instruct pa«Benger» to n*
Hist In the work of minimising tho
darker from forfrsi flrea by refrain-
Ing, from throvans I^UtCil ctftavn oc
cigarette* from tralni. •f\' *>'{z-,-'l.-
:•>. .a-
PAGE FOUR.
H';-_;
AvVJ^^A* -,
<   .A     ^f^ "■'   "" *    *■
- v i-.y- ■'..- <..-yt'     -    *'.,V   ■*','
.v_'- vji*i'-..''i-c; '.'.yy.
*%HE IDMIwCtVlEDGBR,-FERNIE,   B.O.^AUOUBT-8; 1912.
. p> ^\"<v^ *i\>iV' -•*-'" ^
•a'--.-:  "*-.**-0
ttw
vy-vSJj* ©Mirijd; &i$*tAA
7-/ '     ■   -V?" ,-•• -   " -    .   ?        .    ■; -■'" ''.•'■■7   ;
'-   Published' eveiy Saturday morning al its, offic«,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C.   Subscription $1.00
per- year in advance.'■„-An excellent?Advertising
medium. /Largest circulation iri the District.,, A
Address all communications to .The District Ledger.
'-*      .       H.P,NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone flfa 48. - Post Office Box No! 380
•■yk
"P f._S13WHERE'we print an account of-u leeturo
•L-*' )\y a Woreesteivilass?," professor'of economi-..-
".&"
change, "and commodities exchangirig'on/the basis of
'tlio'- s.oeially^^ecessary/time/Wcotporated; in -their
production,-it follows, that no one, is-'going ,to°part
with his' commodity?for one. that-possesses' less .of
that labor time .than is contained in the'6ne'he?h-is
for sale—if he-can'help it?y-.Neither does,he. In
the world of'commerce equivalent is'exclianged for.
equivalent..' ("We are talking of the" average,' hor-J
i.ial 'method of ."exchange,r by the study/of," vrhiul-
abne "can the laws that govern be determined.) -
SIGNS OF. THE TIMES
.- yyx^-XJX^iyyx .^
Aiiiiual^irt
AMrtafi(&
Association Notahle Success
Nelsop fp
**k**kkAAAk*kA**AkAAA"k**1,-k
.'-' ''■? ff
n.-d sociology on the'question that is the subject, .if
. .more discussion and misgiving than any other'tliat
has appeared for solution in the lifetime of this generation—the relation of the high cost of living to
the social unrest.-'   As is usual with tlios'e who cannot see-that tlie present system of society is nol an
eternal^ one? that, present social institutions arc, in
process of transformation and change, that nothing in nature is static but the principle of growth
and change, he1 takes the metaphysical attitude tliat
the present order is not subject to the influence of
forces of which it is at the sam.e time the product
and the cause—the unending inter-relation of cause
and effect is either ignored or unknown by the
learned professor.  - lie, sp.eaks as one whose" in--
forests are hound up with the continuation of- the
present system, and points out the dangerous conditions that are arising to threaten Hie stability of
.'existing institutions, and what h,e is pleased to term'
'' civilization."   , As a watchdog of capitalist interests he is concerned more about°.the ''efficiency"
of the wealth producer, being adversely affected by
the increased cost of living than by anything else.
' '.The'remedies that he proposes to offset the deve-
, lopinent of "a great mass of misery' find ignorance
at ;the "bottom of our society which will not only
blacken-our civilization,,but actually endanger our
'■ institutions" are in a.large measure .identical with
- most of .those advocated by the Socialist Party of
the U. S.'and tlie Social Democratic Party of Can-
" ada for the* opposite purpose of undermining'the
.present system of class society, and abolishing the
- institution's that the professor wishes to see preserv-
'■ ed. Tlie advocacj^of reform cannot be objectionable to the-capitalist class, which"has endowed the
Clarke. University-and many others, or tlie professor-would soon find his'occupation-gone. One"
single instance'has yet to be produced of one of
v these gentlemen being fired for advocating any-'
thing but'that which,would tend to the'consolidation' and perpetuation of tlie power of his paymasters Fashionable society flocks to hear, itself denounced by a Vaughan—and pays him well-for-giv-
ing it thrills'.    There are ii.aiiy_o_-lthcJ-istra.Gtovg_.ri.
- universities who go a great'deal farther in tlieir ad-*
:' vocacy of reform than the one in question, and they
*  are still retained on' the pay roU of the most class-
conscious, section of* society, which should be en-
ough to convince the most obtuse,, that their (the
capitalists') interests are in _i<o wise threatened,
*" 'but'rather conseryed.by such.a'line of education, .
'      All that the ruling class,has to fear from a dis?
, cussion of social conditions is the "truth—and the
truth is not servec] by those who-advocate the possibility 'of ^ameliorating conditions-for the working
'. class1 by means of reform. - '  *~
<; The fact" that -the dangerous "mass of ignorance
and misery" is duo to the,enslavementtand exploitation of labor, and that the former is the .product
of, and" automatically increases with, the development of the latter, is the .truth for utterance of
which many of tlie wprld's most talented educators
have been relegated to obscurity by tho interests
that control,the dissemination' of learning in the
, inatitutions.  .
Tho job of solving the problem of the high cost
of living and the social unrest is ono for revolutionists, not for reformers.    It entails tho overthrow of
the present system of pommodity production, and
the substitution of production foi* uso instead .of for
profit.    It is not the "robbory" of thc consumer
. that is to be abolished, but tho actual robbory of tho
producer at tho point of production that is tho cruit
«f tho whole mattor!    Social reformers and "socialistic''' reformers can lino up on any proposition
under the huh but this which is a tnslt wholly out-
■ side their ability and vision.     To use thoir own
■words, "It is not practical politics" for thorn.    \
brief glance at tlio economic laws, the oporation of
which Is nlono responsible for tlio prosont high
priccR, will mako .tliis clear.  A littlo .consideration
will convince the investjgntor who has no uxo to
grind or'npooinl'interests to sorvo, and who moroly
wants to ascertain llio truth, that,tlio ono and only
■quality common lo all coninioditioH is Mini, thoy nro
Ilie product of liiimnn labor.     Articles I lie most
■divi'W..! in appearance, in shape, malarial, utility
nnd valuo luivo that common oliantotoriHtic    It is
Ihe only ingredient, being i-ommon to all, by which
thoy can lie compared, for tho purposos of valuation
and I'xohniigp.    It is tho son wo of nil value, and
tlio widely varying values of tho juhsh of aonmiodi-
ties offered I'ov sale on lho daily mnrkot is bnt an
.•.Nprnwimi of that fnct.   A   box of oranges and n
i,V|n-t.iiii.« ,ni; ■.i• i,v ._.,-.<.iiiii...r, until in ap|>eiiriiii<.fl
Kfid (Wi.iOi j.;_ (In*,. Iioi.i   Jiavu   uxciiunge   value,
wluVli, ..xpri-r-M-il in monoy, is called price.    Tlmt
the price differs jh based on thc fact tha thoy contain differing amounts oP that common vahio-iin-
j «>(..>.!<_, .•»u).,._.iu-., >.._.....n i.Am', i.u-ii*uri*_i ui tlio labor time necessary undor tlio normal conditions of
production, in the respective induslrios, to product)
them.    Tho operations of the law of supply and demand, which result in fluctualioiiH in tlio price of
one or tho othor, nr<* but n rogwbifing P/vf-ir of
price, and loavo tho respective values of the two
cuiimio.lilic.. uiitoui-hed.     Over ft long period of
timo thoy would cancel each other, nnd tlie nvcrnge
prico of t\ny commodity over an extended period
will he found to coincide with the price that cor-
rt-rtly interprets Its coal of production hring «x-
np 3IE year 1912 will" be noted for,its upheavals
' A" in the industrial field, and all those interested
in the human welfare cannot view those disturbances with anything but feelings of gratification, albeit
mixed with sorrow, that the producer is beginning
to realize his hopeless position in present day- society.     It is, indeed, a blot on modern day civilization'that-so much suffering must be entailed, but
then in every revolution there must be martyrs.'
The struggle has how begun in earnest, suffering
humanity can stand it no longer, and where there,
is a beginning there must be an? end.    That is now
in sight, and whilst much has yet- to be ,done to
reach the desired goal, the signs of.the times   all
point to a glorious victory for^the masses, and tlie
abolition of the present rotten system.    "With this'
awakening in practically every part of the'world
united and concerted political .action '.will bring
about the desired result. , The workers have been
fociled.long enough, the day'of-reckoning is fit hand?
The slaughter of the innocents at Paint. Creek,
"W. Virginia, is one of those little incidents which
proves'the, value of organization; and incidentally
aiid. unintentionally is the means of swelling,the
ranks of-the-adherents' of Socialist principles.    As
is well known, W. Virginia has vast coal areas, the
majority ofstlie slaves'employed-there.,being non-
unionists..-  In this particular part of "Free" America the men are less*, to blame,- perhaps, than the
coal barons.    Any organizer coming amongst thour1
has a hard time."-' Tlie men .who are working at' a
starvation wage,.are so .cowed that they are afraid
to be seen conversing with?the organizer.   .That
fear has been instilled into*them by their masters,
who make short shift of aiiy sympathizer with union.    The miners at Paint .Creek receive the princely sum of $2.00 a day, whilst"a trapper's pay is 80c:
How   it   is   possible to subsist on S0c. iv day ' is.
hard to conceive, but evidently they do manage to
keep body and soul together'.- ' AYhen the-rest" of
the members of the U. M. \V. of A. went out on
strike, in April?of this year, tlie Paint Creek miners
^followed suit, and they have been out ever since. -At
the ClevelaiuAConfererice' between the men and the
i  -, ' - i' i.       - »
operators the "West Virginia mine magnates' withdrew and .would have nothing to-do with'any in-
-erease^rr wa"ges^"Tiirmen W5re~given a 26~per cent
increase, and the poor fellows in "West .Virginia
lOurLeitei^Boxl
t -  "-'-  7,v::y^4.f^^$
begged for but half .of the "advance the others ;re-
ceived, 'but their masters, .being evidently, of,, the
.same ilie as Lord Devonport.'were determined "to
rub their faces in tlie mud." Tho men were, and
are,"equally as determined.,and the'struggle is still
dragging on, and'has culminated in bloodshed, The
"inevitable" call for the militia was. mode ih addition to which the detective agencies, who are hired
by (lie company, are inciting, their strike-breakers^
of whom there arc but a handful, to murder. Dur-,
ing the strike two'scabs were indicted for murder,
but released on suspended sentence,' whilst" two of
the strikers are lingering in1 jail .without a charge
being preferred against them. ' Such are tho methods adopted, and tho justice meted out by a gov-
eminent who wero elected by tho very self-same
peoplo who today,they are shooting down. As
evidence of tlie 'government's good faith—to tho
capitalists—a gntling gun* is always kept at Paint
Creek in readiness to bo turned on the strikers at
the first pretext. -The governor was ropentedly
asked to have that instruntent c-i slaughter removed, the men preferring the militia to keep a watchful oyo over thorn, but this request has"never beon
heeded. In' West Virginia both operator'nnd government aro moro than is perhaps tho case olso-
wlioro, brutally opposed to tho workor, whom thoy,
need so muoh, Legislation is at all times dircctod
against thorn, without ovon throwing Band in their
oyes, Thoir antagonism is opon and, no doubt,
thoy flatter thomsolvcs on being ''above-board."
Tho present troublcis today more keen than it has
ever been'there beforo, Tho militia nro showing
no mercy, nnd in addition to killing the men aro
abusing the womon, who aro flooirig to safor parts,
Hut littlo bottor can bo oxpected from the man who
sells his self respect and manhood, and whoso ambition in lifo is to show his heroism nnd brnvory by
slaughtering his follow prolotiirlnns. In a stnto
whoro his dastardly nets rocolvo full freedom, his
base naturo, of courso, is givon full piny.
* Delegates,representing .newspapers"
,  ..        - ■        „     <,._„.-■.>-  .<
ia,Alberta'flu'd Eastern' British Colum-
bia assembled In Nelson*on Thursday-
last to participate lri 'the '-8th annual
convention of their press'association.'
Some fifty-two members-were present
and one and all are'enthusiastic, over
what-has.been accomplished,_and the
plesurable time accorded-v them by
tlielr .hosts—the Nelson citizen's. 4
more charming spot, could not have
been chosen, and those who have-never
been so far west beforo, have now a
broader and better view of East Kootenay, Its vast resources, its beauty and
the great possibilities in store'for the
District.*- In 'addition to all this- it■
gives one a better appreciation of'his
craft,' and of his fellow-workers in the
same 'field. ' Politics were entirely forgotten, and editors, who'undel*, their
ordinary occupations are staunch Conservatives, Liberals or, Socialists', had
no bones to pick with one another on
this auspicious,occasion. /.Such meetings,must, bear good-results for comtn*.
in contact with .one's, "esteemed contemporaries," we begin Yo realize that
after all we may'all be sincere' in bur
political co'nvictlons. - '■' >-.,   '.-
Calgary,' Edmonton "lind smaller Al-
ebrta towns were well,?, represented,
and, Eastern R' C. had, delegates from
Cranbrool-,- Creston,, "Kaslo, Golden,
•Nelson, Grand Forks, an«i Fernie.:- "At
Creston .W.1' Garland Poster, president
_of the Nelson.Press Club and.'manag-
ing'editorof the Nelson Daily News,
met the delegates and from that moment until their departure for home he
was a most'congenial and hospitable
host. , At Balfour, Mr. Currle, Nelson's.
Publicity Commissioner and secretary
of the local" Press. Club, boarded .'the,
steamer, and lie" tbo made it his? business to give' the visitors a good'time?!
Proceedings opened with an address
of-welcome. by^Mayor Annable at the
City Hall. ;After that President Deane
gave-a brief resume of the' Association's work during * the year, and' he
was followed"by'D.?H. Elton, the'popular, secretary.*. *-After this a general
discussion ensued, at Vhicii printers^,
cc-its "'predominated. .."Various .'com-'
mittees having, been elected, the choice
of. officers for.-the forthcoming year
To the Editor,,'District.-Ledger.'" ■v-''i-
'  7-   ,, ---y-s-.yv'' - .-r--.--^ ;..,°
./•Dear Sir,—It wolild be a favor-to'me
and to the'publicat large jf.you would,
insert this in -,.;o~ur labor? pa^ey. so that
all will see'it?yy^7-''A-.Ay":';^''" A
' "It is known-by tfappers^diunters
that certain vine_A go * into" tHe .'.woods
and hills during the hunting season
to hunt. ■. It would., be ^more'Ao.-their.
credit if they .would do„m6ra*hu__ting
and1 less destroying .of'-food {.caches/
tra-ppers bait and traps.; Surely^these
men must understand, why these'each-.,
es are°inade.' It is-tisual-fbr prospecr
tors and trappers,.wheir"going'out of
town, packing a load, from' 100".to-150.
lbs., to distribute the load at different
points'as a'reserve. ...Surely any man
of sound' mind, will understand, what
position a man wouid' be in -who had
run-short of, food, and-upon-going to
oiie of his cacbes, finds flour,, beaiis,
coffee, salt and, sugar one'eongomera-
tion, and unfit "to eat; and this far a-
way from any tq,wn or habitation In a
trackless .waste.'' I- will "■ give"yoar
readers, an Instance 'whlcli happened
e_ Michel a short time ago to-a.'M nid
of mine who liad' a small shack' 1 i,.«re
with.a .supply, of food in* it.' My
friend left to go his rounds," and on
returning he^oiirid, the door open and
all, his food destroyed. "/That, is how,
these brainless'*Idiots .serve 'the 'pioneers of civilzatipn.' These pioneers
are at all .times pleased to see.-visitors, extending the/hand of comradeship ; giving' the' best '.they" Have* from
their' sscanty"store, .and- yet a band'of
louts, will go out thinking .how.'-pc'ute
they are destroying all- they can lay
their; hands 6ri.\ * ' "' *>', •
? In conclusion?-. Mr. Editor, 'I would
like* to .give'-these .polecats , a' little
warning: "Self'"preservation is,,the
first law of "nature." , .Let them' study
that last 'sentence. -. -'' A A ' . "
Thanking.you? I aim, dear sir.A ■'
,' - . A" Yours, etc., . . ' '....
7 \"   ''    .'  '"   WANDERLUST.
.\_---^,vVi_.jj_.\ ?;>..->'   -„_.'-..-'•,'_,
A?A<^f^F^Ay
* Investigator—"But 'surely, your child reri are already old enough?to, work?"'
/ ■ Coal Miner's.Wifey'No; their faces deceive ?you.-'
,'\yorked enough to.b'eco-fie-bld."     ' -*-   "' _-,   "' ., -
They" have' already->
-yV
. TCf .CURB • LORD , DEVONPORT
CROW'S NEST, PASS COAL.CO.
Tlm Privy Council lias tliis wook doeidod Hint, tlm
('iui.i-limi Ftiduriil Pnrlinmont Idin no ri^lit to mod*
die willi Uiu mnrrinpjt? laws of tlio Province of Que-
buc.    This wns bronplit about by what in known
ns (lie No rlViMi<rn Dorrrco of tlio Hnmiin Catholic
Oliurcli, wlib'li puis 11 ban on intornmrriiigc nnd lines
not nM'Otfiiiz.) such unless solcmui/ed by a I?onian
Cnthollc priast,    A tost caso was mndo, anil whilst'
th« 4'lmri'li'H contontion was not uphold by tlio Sn-
priMiio Court it wns novortholosK considorod by
somo Hint thoro should bo n uniform nutrrliifru lnw
for the whole of Cnnndn.    The I.nnc.ixlur Hill was
men i»rouj,'lil Jjoloro tho Jlouso of ('oiniuons, which
had wucli for its aim nnd object, and mnkini; mar-
rinffo purely a oivil affair.,   Tho bill wns hold to bo
ultra vires by somo pnrlinmontnrinns on lho ground
that iiocordiiitf to tho North Amorii-n Act which
mind -"luiUda to Orcftt Uvitain, tho clmn-li liad tho
riffht io rcRnlnto tho mnrrinKO law in tho Provineo
of QiK'tx'p,    Tho -finso was taken   tn   tht*   Privy
Council for an oxpression of opinion, nnd thnt body
ducliired tho I_Ancasti»r Rill ultra vrii-s.    It would
nppenr that nothing further cnn bo dono in tho mutter until thc I-.N/A. Act is amended, if possible.
was, proceeded' with, which resulted as
follows:   '  '•   ; ;,   ■'"".'
President, "mAr. Jennings, Edmonton; First Vice-President, George Gordon, .Ponoka; /-Second,- VlcVPresid'ent,
W. G. Foster,-Nelson; ' Third Vice-
President, S. R. Hodsori.Okotoks; Sec.
Treas.,.C. P."1 Hayes; Edmonton; Executive Committee, J,*H. Wooils, Calgary; A? G. Terrlll," "iledlcino Hat; F.
W. Gaibraith, Red beer; Vernon Chap-
man, Golden; Chas. Haydenj Calgary.
On the session adjourning,-the delegates .wended tlieir way to the.Nelson
News,, whose plant and building they-
Inspected ai|d greatly admlrod.
.Tho next morning John" Imrle, h'oo-
retary pf-tho Canadian Press Association, gave a lucid, able and interesting
exposition of, printers'- cost system.'
Luncheon wns partaken of',, at the
Strathcona Hotel, the guests of'tho
Canadian Club, nt which Mr. Uuchannn.
M.P. delivered an exceedingly brilliant
address on "Newspaper work," Justice having boon done to tho luncheon;
a trip was taken to the Power House,
some twelve mlleB distant from the
city, and then on to Bonnlngton Palls,
whore fishing and. afternoon ton wero
Indulged In,, tho hosts ,„ being Creel
Lodge, In tho evening tlio kelson
Boat Club, entertained' the'vlBltore to
a smokor at tho Club Houso, but previous to this tho -delogatos .went Into
a short, ieBBlon. The smok-or waB nn
enjoyable one, nt whloh lnudntoiy and
oompllmontary expressions'woro made,
, The following morning at 0 o'clock
tho visitors, nnd mnny invited guns.*,
bonrdod tlio good ship "Moylo," which
was at tho disposal of tho gnonti tor
tho day. A longthy eoBBton wai hold
during tho morning, nnd at ono o'oloc..
wont nHhoro nt Kn_lo, whoro lho Hoard
of Trndo tondorod tho proBBinon nnd
alitor visitors a liinohoon at tlio King
Qeorgo Hotoi, After visiting tlio fruit
farnm, or going out In InnncliOB on tlio
lake, tlio Hhlp started on ltsj wrty »o
lllondol, whoro Mr. Fovlor,- tlio gonial
superintendent, took tho visitors thro*
lho-nine Hell Mine, the oldest In tno
country. At eight o'clock iwlfpur was,
ronrhod, nnd the dclogutos wont Into
final Homilou ut tho lioiuilItul'.Kooionny
r.nko llolol, ii C, p. R, lonrlBt'lioglelry,
Tho foiivontlon finished up with nn el-
«uoi.h<; Mdiiijiiwi ut tne tiof-ol nt wincii
1.U- fij'i'i-jtjjj;;^   ii.UUiff.il Oi' fll,ii.iii^
n jircwtiliiilon to .Mr and Mrs Irarlo.
Atony of the del«»gnli>« rettirnod lo Vol-
non nhont 2 n.m., nnii took tlio round*
nbout wny, vln llovolfttoke, to thoir
..::::-:» ... v'^,;^*,^, i,n.iW>^t<)i hitti ouitf
polntt in Alberta, whilst thoso along
the PniiB ntnyod ovor at thft Hotel nnd
took the boat the following morning «n
route for home.
That the eonvontlon will lioar good
fruit thero enn ho no cnlnmiylnir. An
Important stop token wan tlm affiliation with Ihf Pnnntllnn Proa* Aurwlrt-'
Hon, whilst tho finding! of tho com-
nilttc«« on prlntorH* <io«t!, ndverttMng
r«t«/. And iubucrlptlon rate* will tend
much to tyatemattM. and mako a itand-
»rd »ca|_» In th<» printing an<l pvblUh-
Ing lines.
i I
The net loss from all sources of the
operations of the Crow's Nest Pass
Coal'Company for the year. 1911 was
$200,654. ' , ' , -; y ' ' AA"
- The. coal mined during the time the
mines were * in operation—and" there
was _ a strike during, the greater part
of.the year—amounted to 359,456'tbns,
aSflComparecT'W-th. 1,209,762 tons: tlie
previous year. - The coke, produced
during- the'-'same .period was ?60,659
tons,<"which",compares, withy 194.i_-8_
tons" in '191 oAfA ' • ,*. • A '\; - '^'
*.The-amount spent on improvements
during ."the year was -$22,122.' ^ Development work was carried on-dur-
ln_.°the'strike,,nnd the amount charg-'
ed -to this " account-during the .year
was $11,573.—The Week. '-, >v '■'','"
-;.The announcement.,?by?. Mr. /Lloyd
.. -              *n ,  n     , -f
George of the.intention of the*British
Government to introduce a .Labor Dispute's .Bill is the reply to Lord Devon-
port's high-handed conduct'as. head- of"
the Port; of London'Authority. ?-,The
refusal of Lord'Devonport to be guided
by" "the;' counsels ■ of the 1 Cahinetyto
whom he., owes-his present .position—
and his,7callous' indifference to the
suffering, among the starving Iwomen
and children of the ,'- strikers halve
aroused,a storm of public "disapproval."
v-The""King.and .Queen recently can-
celied1their"state'vlsIt'to,the East End
in connection \yith a function at which
Lord Devon port .would: have* figured;
and in various .ways he-has.been ostracized as a result?of'his autocratic
administration' of. a'-i'-grea't public'.department from which he'd'raws considerably more trfan'a living wage.- This
first Baron,of :his line takes'his".title
from the seat for which he sat" In th*6
House of Commons preparatory"toliis'
appointment? ■, As Mr. Hudson Ew-
banke Kearley-he"was > Parliamentary
Secretary to" tho Board ot\ Trade in
1905-9/" He Wns 1200 acres, an'd-his
favorite recreations are shooting,'gardening, boating,'yachting. Such is the
corrupting influence "0* the upper
house, on oiie'who sat? at tl_e"'feet of
Gladstone! . -'"' \ '.' y 'S'Sj '■-
,, The strike—or" rather "lockout—has
now lasted-eleven weeks.* It has proved, to be, one'of'the most disastrous in
the historj*\of British .labor struggles.*
It" has/thrown'1 a quarter-?6f"a million
people on"public"charity. " , The, new
Disputes Bill will go farther than any
?EMiUQUsljne.asur_eJn__regard<5tos.the-re-*,
gulation of ..he-relations between em-
ployer and,employee. -, Having^moved,
ait'thi^late.stage.-ln.-the struggle, the
pity Is that tlie government delayed In-.,'
terveritloh,so long. „ The,u_-t(_ldv8uf-''_
fering-.W-iich has fallen'on helpless wo-,\
men and children might have-been,
averted had the Government been,less
sensitive in infringing upon rights that °-
have,, proved;,j■*to.i->bo. -other people's^'
Vrongs.^-Globe, Toronto, , ;   7 -,-'" ' '".
THE  MAN ■WHO..OVVN8 T^E HOE \.
-A:
it,?- By J.^E. French5
['c'abo'uf^the. -working '-1
You've'^ heafd^''about";
|X ■*':.-' -manr
The :"man behind .the1- hoe"—   . •'/ '"
We'all' agree" he|s'-'just the'chap; A'
To -make the coun'try'go;" -    'g *.'*,,'
But I would asic, you; dear friend;''y y
A question'soft and'low,'.',"-' . - ^ \S~'
".What-shall avc do about the men—
The man-who owns the hoe?"
X--'Xy>Xy   X.y'-yX
There was a time, so I am told,' „ •'
Some sixty _ years ago,   -    .   ?     ."?,;
When nearly every.'1 man,.could- own"'
A little"field an'd hoc;,   yA '„ "■'?'
But now, alas"; tho fleld'.is.gone?
For,,things are' changing so, ' ',
The mhn-'-^ho never'works* at all .'
Owns both1'the" field,and* hoe.-'. ;  - -•■■
: « - '■   ,.'* -V -, : - „ , .'     tn', ■-
y .  „ *,   '- •■ . '       1  ,  * *
Of course,'Jie lets.the working-man ,
Still ';plow," and; reap ai\d so(w.'. A'.
The very fields he'used-to"owii A- - ".
Some sixty years "ago;"*•"""'. ■:■•-;'" '}y.7Si
Buttwhen the harvest days are come . *
Two.thirds.'of all must "go ?,J.."-?_"-'..?,-' ?
^To,-fee'd-the"-marAwh6-never,-VYori_s==7T^
The" man "who" owns the hoe;
-_»-•
A Woman ■ of
Few Words
'    /    ' . TV .-.'- '-      '■   '
Mrs. Harry E. Bye?" Main Street
North, Mount, Forest, Ont,,' writes;—
"Your remedy for kidney, bladder and
stomach trouble has ■ given me great
relief. • Have taken three" .boxes and
now feel like living and better, than I
lrnve" felt for years and I give your
FIG PILL8. ' , (_
all the praise, for they are tho beat I
have over tried," ' .    ''
At till dealers, 25 and GO' cents or
The Fig Pill Co., St. Thomas, ,Ont,
Sold tn Fornio at.MoLonn's Drug nnd
Book Stow.
Or. de Van's Female Pills
A rellabla French rtgulator 1 never fill*. Tlicie
pills tre exceedingly powerful In regulating the
gjmeritlvo, portion of tho fernele system. Kefuee
•Jl cheep imItatloni. Dr. de ▼»«•» Rr« sold nt
Ma box,pr three for 110. Mailed to »ny nddfeii.
Tbe loabell Prcm Co., Rt. o»tt_arl__ei, Ont.
THE PREMIER
FURNISHED ROOMS
Every convenience and comfort, Just
I ll<e belno «t horns'.  Ont block
from Poit Offloe,  Cent^
ally looated
H. A. WIL.KB8,
PEl,LAT AVE.    .
Proprietor
•    PERNIE.
.v   ycxm lyons
Insurance, Real Estate
■ysTm'&yyt
' ''   ' -   ■■'   "■■"    '" y" >*>    [.     '      '/'/
Money fo; Loan on first ckss Business and Residential property ■'
The Map ie
ICE CREAM  AND
CONFECTIONERY
PARLOR
Coleman, Alto.
Central location; close to
Football grounds and
Tennis Court
*-.
When in Coleman give us
a call • \
Go6d asSortm'ent of candies
and fancy boxes
ICE CREAM
SOFT DRINKS
VANCOUVER EXHIBITION
4 "TAU
I   I  lil If
r%4 f%
»V  I   _fa
FERNIE to VANCOUVER
Htiti
nit <_pa4«ou
DATE OF SALE AUG. 8th to 16th
Rotum Limit, August 21st, 1912
J. S. Thompson, Agt.
P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
WfiS
m
SBBS
Bii^
wmmm/mmmmummmmm
ur -uyimmmmmmaHmm
mm/Am
mttmiHt
What
About
Garden
and
Lawn?
Do not lot tho grass grow undor
your foot wbllo wo supply Lawn
Moworfl. SiclrioB, (Irass Shonrs
and Rakes,
do uot, lot the grays dlo for
vutut ol wutor while wo havo n
good stock of-Uubbor and Cot*
ton Hoio; also NozhIoh and
Sprlnhtorr..
J.D. Quail
Hardwawand Fiimlturo   ' ; y\ y : ^^v^^'^wtf:^^ ■ -'',."-'v:'y.'V,M.rcy^y.
f   y-^r'^   1 - -l»    ^;^fc ^■^l"&'. -tW '** *'T       ..y:VV/^ !-,.%,-"»-'"-^jj^ - V ^S^fe-  V, *'^'Vf,r-,iT\f*- y'?_-Wm-    , .     >mi i      L   '"as" *'_■     i>.,_ ^
■ ^.77: ■Wa7'___^%^-^_wsop»_»;___»^>;?7^ ^^__T^™;,y?   -.
;ras pi^ct^-lb^^ *
^f^-VyVTW»»'*»»*»»»""vVr''j' '"■' ■'' 'i-ryrTrY¥»Tvv
PAGE FIVE
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"^ \ w -!y. *•''*'*.**.; ' '-, *V - sV     r    ' * '▲
■♦"A ;^BURMis*'NOT__S:!A.?"   '   V
-♦*..'. ^Ay-v-y y- AvA.yA/,<*
I   1
'- A."' .''?Ir-.,?;-'?aters?n.t1of'the.firm"of Pat-'
-    .person'-and,.Le'e,; real,;.'estate", --agents,
"* . Blairmore;';wa_5-'a,.buBine>!s.vvi5itor ;'to
/ '.rtown.thls'.week.A.." "\''' A A;,. 7- ...
,.,..,'Mr- '-'George, Cody' representing" the
" AAWodd-MqNaj)_7;Llunber,; "Company; -.,'of
...   7 "Trlwood, was in town iooking up busl-
y^ness this' wee.--,*...-'*•" ,". ? :**."'. --'  :*,
yy Aa fishing party consisting of Messrs
';'",H-'E- I.id(lleA.I.rDarbyshireK.J. Skill.
..'  ^ Ing.j-j;. c'Chpster,'' W.- Scott "and AV.
,   A'Darbyslilre camped'out-the week-end
,   at the, South'Pork of the Old Man Rlv-
''   ; -er and "procured a 'nice'catcli of the
';" , ,- speckled beauties.- - "
■7;. MrAThos. Sloan 'left' on?'tlie"passen-
.  A-gorfSunday night"onJavtwo months'
trip to" the Land o' 'Calces1 and Scones.
,,     •'* The football'game that Vas schedul-
■' '. ed to 'takepla'ce'-on the. 31st at'Blair?
?,    .wore between^ Burmls and Blairmore,
yias been 'postponed" ;untii the 7th of
_.. .August? '.-'A '   ''"•*■ ■''■,"''"../., '
,:, , -Mr.,Gullbault, representing the !cak
-,".adlan^Geheral Supply;' Company,  of
- ' Lethbridge, .was in town:this week, iri
' '   the interests of his-firm. *   t >,""" ,,
.--.' M.r-";-,E-;Marlno'Ms. .the foundation
v work of tlieliew hotel',weIl under way,
'■ but the work is being held up some on
vaccoun't-of; the 'scarcity, of' laborers:
A' .' oW<?rlI h,as l3««n' started on the found-
N "„*ation for the new? tipple which the coal
' - ' company 'is- going to ■ install;and .the
- .machinery for same'is expected'-.o ar-
• .'.rive.^shortly:;',"' . '?''',-.!"'- V " "-,?
'--",; Thenar "-.liortage which',-has been
• prevailing- for' some tim'e?around here
.*'., -sems .to ,be eliminated, as-tlie 'men
j   ;aro working every day shifts. '." : ','
•7  ? \ Tlle-'L<Jcal 'union ;held'^thei'r first
'   - meeting since the local was reorganlz-
"'-ed on Sunay :last,\. Business of an in-
'y: .teresting„ nature;!was ^discussed ,?by
A,the members.'     "A"' A .     -, A* ■
?'   .-Mr." George   Loxton," 'frorix.. Penile,
L , blew  into "camp this;,week, and  has
^   .-started - wbrkh hi" the mines. •■ -,   '"' ." '" ■
,     -The ardent fishermen who fish? the
yturbixlant watersof the Qld Man itlver
V are "requested "to produce'the goods,
v., :wheii talkingof the number and size of
- their ,'catchfcs. : A-.',   A   'V", .-s,'-'"
■ lS«■•. „ 11. l .''v-''"T*   ^   'i j * ' 1 _J/ T        ' ."       '
ponent™ un)u^he :j_noeke^Jxjm^qut ^in
tlie1 sixtentli-'round? "FSSS-H A A'? *- 7'i.
mi »■»   >—-,• _ '        i*v   '^7    W*    »     ,*    ' »
The Revi Young, of Frank,, occupied
the .pulpit in ^tbeVBellevuevMethodist'
Church,-SundaV;last.'-"*,T'.7'V,;C ' ' ""
...Th'ei grand' ball "given- in'^flie Socialist Hall Mbiaday.niglit was ";,a great 'success. "The "Pincher CreVk^'iorohostra
furnisbed'themu'slc.l'.-' .T'fvA ■ ■'
. AriioldA'arley'^and-" Ernest'-Pishe'r
were- at -Nprtn'- Forks fisbing?on Saturday and\bj-bughtshomeysbme.'good'
specimens., ,--y -   ;    ■' yy-'y : .'
FRANK NOTES
^yf^f^^^»AM^¥^^W¥¥V¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥V^Wi>^
,hosmer!;n6tes'
:. A. I. Blaiswas "in"' Ferni©- aiid: Cranbrook oi'x .business-'Monday/and Tuesday.' , a "* ■ " '.  ../■ ■:, ,.-
\Mrj' St. John, ^ a' book, agent from
Washington,.U;S.;A.,'is spending this
week in;' town 'In the. Interests of-his'
business. v*. ;" >?V. '■ '-" ° '    '*-   -,'
\"Mr.H. Roberts,-, who' lias" been assisting tho. law of Hce" here,' has heard
that he was successful in his examinations. "He expects "to start for himself,In the near Mure in.Coleman. "' '-
yTbe Reports of the entrance examinations' to 'hand .this "weekj'shbw that
thVee of .Frank's young people passed,
•Miss J. T.''NIcol,' and. Masters -Ernest
and Alva Blais?',      ' ?'"' *'• A1y
.?..Tl1?, schoorboard here liave-receiv-
ed 'tlio resignation^• Miss'McPusy as
school.teacher?;. -Miss '.McPusy'.' has
been here the past, two years ajidwill
lie much "missed'liy the school, children.-'  '    .'   >   '     *   "*.'"'
, Two .new familes .in ,t'own this week",
both from Fernie—Mr.' Ferguson has1
moved' into ..the. house- opposite, ,'the
"Gebo Mansiori/VMr.'' Barclay -'andJ
family-to No.-CsA "'v -■"■ ° '" "'
beClevije notes-< y
■;. " . .. ?,- _- ■ __'- .A Challfenfle  ','; ,.'"?/."'-; '
, ;,:; Young. Nixon,, bf Cobalt';',''Ont.", now
; "' residing in Belleviie,; challenges any.
'   /"feather.weiglit.at,114'lbs''In;tiie Crow's
I'-' ."''.-'", "^t Pass tola'bout'for "the champion-
',"„   "-ship of tho'lfasB? •'  '
. Robert Wilcox has' got the' vacant
place at .the butcherjs shop.?'   '
, Miss .Berry returned'from-Winnipeg','
'where she, was' ■ holidaying, ;the' early
part of-last ..week."' v."'"- >' .",- ' <\"
* Rev. W; T. .Young was /the "preacher
at' the Bellevue,,-Metlibdist Church last
Sunday. ' ^Mr,', A. Lorimer,.' of . Hili-
crest, supplied-the ■puip.lrr'here'."?'A,;
■-" Bprn.'yOn' TuesdayAjiily 25,? to. Mr.
and Mrs. Wilfred'Carpenter? a-'daughter.-; v'*:^;.. - - -'-. ,,-.-r- •-.;-  :; -,v -
\Who was 'the''gent""that'. would not
buy a ticket "for the" danco because the
committee would .not-"have, the ".ice
cream at hls'pricb'? -, pretty' cheap,"
iv'.a!: do you'think? ,,'. ..':■'..• A,*'■ '';-.
,- Oh; you, cahdyT store!-'1'' Thev- axe
trying,a new kind of:fiy every -week,
justnowibut the fish are not biting. „
There is keen rivalry amongst j.he
local "swampers" just now. r;'It would
lead, one to think that,the town-was
getting-a bit brisker.   ■ Stove must"
have.ah eye on Harry's job'l    "   -   A"
'We"are pleased to hear, that" Mr.."J.
A.:,Carruthers has been" successful*in
obtaining".his  first-class  engineer's
^certificate .at -the recent examination
at^ New Westminster.-,.- ■ ;'• . '■ (* ,;
' ,*MikeJhas,fbund a -buyer and he reckons-he is going to get-quite, a sta"ke
for the haIMnterwt,\lrat-the money
is,;not forthcoming.-'. Never "mind
Mike;-you have .always got it coming; y r.y , ■ .-. .."y   -r   ■*.»,-,   *,;
-:;Some'of the.boys'got quite a sur-
prise^when they came home and found
that" the'waitress had gone to be married, '. •, Mike?took It pretty' quick; H e
thought somebody.; was trying to,"cu:
him, cut, so he' went straight awav-aud
got fixed up. /He is going to-have-a
big bust next pay;-, day. •    '        ,,'".. 7
"Main Street, is as'lovely "(lively?) as
ever. -,.    •^ -,$■   - . •"       ,    ^
-,A;-McL. is around'with' his-usual
witty,remarks and.seems none the
,worse.afor his illness.   ,-,, . "    .. ,
-,,Mrs. Downie/accompanied by-Miss
Downie'.'is .at-present on a visit1 tb'her
son/Mr.'W. Downie, and hoi^s:to stay
for a- few days. -;.?'. - 7\ l •
Thb' local* football ."team .Journeyed
to Michel last week, an'd showed, the
Mich'efboys ajtliing or two.' No doubt
Michel "were; counting "ori two points
from; Hosmer, _ but' they, were" sorely
disappointed and, had, to = be content
with one, This ,wi'll'spoil their charice
■for.the League?. Come away, Hosmer!
On present 'form', the-winners of-tW
Fernie-Belleyue '."tie- will have to' - go
^ome;-- A? good, game..resulted .in a
goalless draw.- /The-following-team'
represented" Hbs.me'r: -Hutson. "tc.. Part.1'
land, is* sure'a hustler for - lboldngAo
the ,welfare of his congregation. * He
not only interests "them with his" sermons from the pulpit, but gives them
lots of outdoor amusements.' He had
quite a number, of his Sunday School
students away with him to Lundbriok
on Tuesday, ind-we have no doubt
they enjoyed? themselves, as they have
on many previous occasions when'he
has, taken them, on a tpip. *
Mr. H. G. Goodeve, 'of the Coleman
Hardware Co.,-was a visitor tb'Blairmore on Tuesday on "business, and returned on Wednesday night.
'Quite a crowd, of .the boys took' ad-"
Vantage of the strike to. take a'fishing
trip touhe.North Fork',* and were rewarded by gobd .catches of the speckled beauties, ,■ -.
-The stork paid a*visit.to Mr aiid Mrs.
Walter Nelson on Friday;'the *26th,
and left .them a bouncing big daughter. , Mother and baby are doing: as
well as can be expected. "' *
' 'Miss Agusta Paul,- who' was teaching here iasti term, "has. been called
back to" Springhill, N.' S., owing to "the
sickness of her fkther; We" liope "to
see.her back in time for the,opening
of the term. ■
WHMMHMHHHMH>»¥m¥ymVyyV^
-y-»«»vyyifyyf>ifw
and Fads
**■' "COAL-'CREEK *
..  '.    Mr.,-William Goodwin- Is-now 09-
,   cupying   tho   house   on'  Mitchell's
'.Ranch'.-'   ■ " • \ ,'■   ,'   ;
. ^    . Mr. William Newton arrived' in camp
„'  on Sunday nlg'ht from .Nova Scotia.'
... ,:• The'net result_of. the garden'party
on Monday evening was. $80.,'■•  •
, The mlneB at- Belelvuo axy. working"
v pretty, steady these days. '
A   Th«, election.' of '-officers for the
..Belleyuo Local union.took place last
'   week,    For,tlio position of financial
■socrotary tliere were two'caudldatos,
1 James, Burke   and   John ■' Ollphant.
<■ James Burko was're-eleotod by a large
-   majority   over. Ollphant,   -For   the
.  prosldoncy E. W. ChrlBtlb was fo-oleot-
•od, and Jos. Ellison was' elected .treasurer, y ; *j"
Robort Cowloy is away to^PInohor
Crook visiting frlonds? Ho liopes to
Totum next, week.1  > .. ',"•',
Mrs, 0. W. Goodwin was visiting
. friends In Pernio,on,Saturday and re-
turned liomo on Sunday night.-'      *
Grace V. Booner,-'tlio Impersonator
and vontrlloqulst;' gave' an bntertaln-
" ment in the Socialist Hall on Tliura*
dny night to a Bmnll Iiouho,
Hugh McDonald, James Flshbr and
Jamos B6II0 wont to North Forks on a
■fishing trip on Friday night. Hopo
thoy bring hpmo a good catch.
' Quito,a crowd of sports wont to see
the football match at HUlcrost, Thurs-
tiny night, whon HUlcrost played Belle
vuo nnd boat thorn to tho tuno of 3
to 1.
"   Bnriioy Jorla roturnod homo from
Lotlibrldge on Thursday night Inst.
Tlio Bollovuo Footbnll Team wont
to Fornlo Saturday to piny tho Fornlo
team for- tlio Mut« Cup.
Mr, Jnmos Ciillon, mnnpgor of tlio
Bollovuo Hotol, l» leaving In tho near
futuro for llod Door, whoro lio is to
tulio a Hlmllar position.
J. W. Ilmjatt, lato editor of tho Led.
ger, was In town on Saturday on bun!.
U_)*.S. ,
Mus Lilho I-flwla, of Calgary, li
vlaltng In Uellovuo, and Is tho guest
of Mr and Mr. Arnold Matell.
Mr. Alexander McDonald, ono of the
old-timers of Uio Pass, was In town on
• feunauy.
The boxing contost slated for Satur--
dny night wns pullod off to a fairly
good house. In tlio first preliminary
two HUlcrost boys boxed throo rounds
to a draw; tlio uerond oxhlbl'tloi) was
•if.other tistuA one lx.tv.odn Dick Mar-
ohall (of Hillcrest) and -Thomas Tap-
1H.II.*. lol littlievue). and then carao
tho main bqut. The Referee was Sam
flran«r#r. Afier a little advice ttom
tho refcroo tho men were callM to
time From atart to finish It was a
ding-dong go and matter* were abont
tovtu uulil Ui» ulutb luuiii-, wh«n HmiIo
started In and had tbe beat of hit op.
i*;,This .week-end"'-, will'.'bring;pebple
from alf parts pf the Proyince,7to town.
Thevcqmmei;cial. -travellers"'bf Albei;ta
.♦*•'♦ ♦ are haying' a cbaventiori?here.v-*vOn
Friday .night a;ball,"Saturdii.v,a 'tennis
tournament," and'-Sunday"a_b'lg banquet' is/the' reportedv,order,of enjoyment. ■"-'-..-,    '-".,.,;,',.
'Married—Marcos-'-Fabro,' ' Reno'ldb
—Fab'rb.-rA ', pretty doubled wedding
was solemnized at the Parsonage,'Sat-
unlay last, when. Francesco Marcos
and Annlto Fabro, Rinaldl Rinaldo aiid
Carmen'Fabro, all of Lille,'Xlta?. were
united ln the bonds of '' matrimony.'
Rev. T. W.. Young officiated.   *''-  ■';
Mrs.. Wilcox, Mrs. Miller..Mrs.-Rio.'
hardson.'MlBsos Boyd,. Th'oma8,;and
Blala, and Mr.'E.'Acheson topic In" the
picnic,at Crow's -Nest on Thursday
last..,-1 ,   ,      ^._. ' •   , ■-• ,.,
Several of the Fratikltea attended tho
"Uncle , Tom's Cabin" procession ■' nt
Blairmoro on Wednesday last. ■ mixlv
moro'a young men distinguished them-
ralvos by.puttlng.-oibeor-barral In, a
wheelbarrow, ono .sitting on if the
other ratinlng it;'and jblriing the p"o
(.esnon; down 'Main' Street. 7
' About three times'a day no.v.fol.
Iis-ap come around 1.0 tie houses ox«
I'lliiliiK tl-em. Tlnyure l.oimo niov-
cr« ptlr.ng ready to'iili in-tlieir ten-
*.ers.    >      "*	
Everything Is'golng-lovojy in con-
noctlon with the.town moving, and
tlie llttlo difficulty, bbtwoen tho com-
pany and tlie town over tho roeervn-
tlon of six lots Is Bottled.' Tho town
gets them all,'and how-tho commlttoo
appointed to distribute thorn hns dune
its work,, nnd ovorybody. j? satisfied
::• tho tH.Bj_.08B floc'tlon, Thb coramltlco
appol^iti'n to deal with the'i'PsMontljl
tiootlon l.aa done'llVowlsj, everybody
'l"ow lots aB to w!ih cholco ilioy
would malco, the man with No. 1 had
tlio oholco of tlio rosldontlal part. Th-.
next thing now Is a real movo.
Mr. Ciunpbo.'t,   Crown   Prosaoito",
Iiiih l*oon In town for a tow days.
Notes from Bohemian, Town ■
H. Venturg nnd F.' Opnor loft Prank
on Wodnnsday morning en routo for
Australia. Tho boys -liavo worked
hero for a little while, but aro anxious
to uco the world.
Louis OliverluB and .Too ProclmBltn
arrived   horo   from Okanognn Valley
' "  V    V..     L .lid
dnv morn In k,
Tho nolifmlnn peoplo hold ii very
succoasfiil dnnco In the Miner's Hall
on Saturday night. An entrance foo
of 76 conts was charged nnd a largo
TUn-n>iM"   ffrfi.    ....n..^..t
ridge - and ^.Wardrop;-Rice," McQueen
and Balderstone ;-o Downie, Thornton,
Baine, Hutchison and'W:' Partridge.' .
,.-Mr. Alex. McKelvie arrived from the
9ld Country'last; week.-'  '"
- -We'are'pleased'to see that'at'least.
one.of our local merchaixts has start-
.ed* .to;; close ajlttle early.,' it is .time
the rest of the bunch were following
suit, ' ' ,   \",    "* '
- The, local team . play .'Coleniaii at
home. Saturday, y Come. out and,
boost for the "locals and- don't forget
your purse.' '    ',.'',
. Mr. Guy Thomas was a visitor tn
'town last week...       ,.."'-
Step" up," outsiders, jolxi the Local,
,and look., after your own iixterests.
The .'hashers around "this burg nre
changing quite a lot these da;ys. ' We
never know where thoy are going
Aext. ■   '.
,, A wave of prosperity seems to have
swept, over the camp; lately as the
mines-havev,worked.-very steady of
late. 1       , ',-:
, A'large/contiugent of Creekites jour-'
neved'to'Fernie last Saturday to witness the cup, tie betwen Fernie and
Bellevue. ' The abrupt termination of.
the, match caused' keen disappointment:-*-       *   -  -\ . ' '■
Jack Bell- and Jack Gill, two old-
timers, have taken^ a trip in the Yel-
.lowhead Pass district.
Mrs. Lowther 'Morton and Mrs C -
Minton were visiting up here on Tuesi
day.    '       ,,..--'',. „■ >     4
. Mrs. 'George Koppehheffor and-family arrived-in camp on Tuesday from
Bankhead: 5 George is looking quite
happy now.'-y,,.. .,.'*, - . . ~'\-
Frank Licker ' has shewn .. something of hls.powess and abillty.'as an
eagle-hn-nterrhe-succlMrd*!!!^!^
CHINOOK
♦ ♦
A Presentation
, A mooting of tho abovo local was
hold on' Sunday night, Jufy 28th, In
tho MlnorB' Hnll, nt Diamond' City,
when ii good number of the mombors'
assembled for tho purpose of making
a presentation of a valuable gold watch
to Mr. John' Bamllng, pit bosB, who
resigned -his position on Juno lltb.
Mr. Augusts Trontlno was In tho chair,
and. ho-culled.on Mr. Patrick Kolly,
dologalo for tho Local, to make the
presentation, which ho did In a vory
ablo manner. Mr. John Bamllng ro-
pllod, thnnlclng tho mombers for their
kindness," saying thnt ho had only
dono, or trlod to do, that whloh was
Hght to both sides—man and master,
and thnt It wnB vory gratifying to him
to think thnt tho Chinook mlnorB
thought that ho had dono so'.' n«
hoped tho Qhlnook mlno would contlnuo'to work.rogular.
two and-capturing one,,alive, which he
holds in. captivity in Welsh'-Camp.
They, are, black eagels and measure
about two,feet',from tip to tip.',     '     '
Tom Wakelem and wife have taken
a houa^ln Welsh Camp, There is no
Place like Coal Creek, Tom A "     "   '
Jack Hodgson has soon got tired of
baching, for-after only nine days experience .he is back at his"old-board-
Ing'place. - Never no more, says Jack;
not for a five spot per day.
Mr and Mrs. Jack Worthlngton and
family are leaving camp for their old
home' in Lancashire,, England. They
were accompanied by Bob'Nightingale
who lived wjth them-up here. '
Frank Juvennl, of Calgary, Is the
now* butcher up here In Trltos-Wood's
Store, having takon tho place bf Jack
Woods, who has secured a position In
Cranbrook. ., ■.
Tlm Hall has taken a trip to the
coaBt.    Wo suro do mlBS you, Tim.
Oliver Shaw, power' house engineer,
.has, gone on his vacation ,to tho coast.
Wo wish you an enjoyable time, Captain.     ■ ,
, Eyston
... Mr." Reader,—   '
.Did you, see the "moving'picture of
the cliild workers in the cotton mills
last week?' * You did, eh:—You would
like'to wring the-heck of the-mill-own-
er.and kick the poodle dog into the
river?' Humph! If you- did you
would be wreaking vengeance on the
wrong man. Who is the'right man?
you- ask? Now,. iet'S have a few
words together.    .
.  To what class did the father'bf the
dilrt belong?    Your class' tbe—Work-
ing Class?     To what' class" did the
woman with the lint laden lungs belong?   -To your'class—the Working
Class.     To what,class did'the .children who were deprived ot iho joys
and pleasures that, should be. the heritage of every, boy and girl?    To your,
class—the Working Class.     D0 , you
begin to see the , drift of these' re- j ticnl
marks?. You do!     We are progress-  '
ing.     Ask yourself then; Who slxould'
be blamed,for'the state of affairs?
Surely not-the "millionaire, because he
is looking after his'own interests;'he
Is not running a'^phllanthropig insti-
ti-tion—not miich;'it Is "prof is he is in
business' for.   He may be naturally a
kindly man, buUh'e system drives and
he must; comply '.with . its   dictates.
You say he might, be satisfied .with a
smaller"percentage of profit,    Yes, he
might,' and then again probably he cannot evade the '.maelstrom;   he  must
keep' up an appearance of affluence so
that his credit may not be impaired.
Need you ask who. is   to   blame?
Everey.single,solitary man who* by
action and .vote supports the flunkeys
of the'capitalist class.   Have vou done
this?—Then,,YOU   are   more   to   ba
blamed" than' tbe 'nxillowner, he .looks
after his,class interests; then do you
not-think it is high time that you were
looking-after-those cf your "class?*"-';
-Why'are  you ..given  work?'   For
youi- good, looks?—Don't -laugh—this
^is a serious-matter.   No; if your efforts are not;profitable either.you'll
get fired or" the.man who employs you
will go into bankruptcy.
, What does'the. man,] who buys'you
nii^fha-ir.a.-nllm.n..'l_»i*. _.... ,. _ _- _1_...	
 -t—^"..iiiiciit-i/iaurui^acner'xinii"
zes your'-"energy for the creation of
surplus value, care' about . you and
yours?. What he is thinking about is
himself and. his-folks.
• What is'surplus value?1 you ask." ,u
Your 'efforts, produce a . commodity
that sells.ior,ten dollars; do'you get
teb dollars? What a foolish question'
you .remark. Dp-you know .wherein
lies the foolishness? In tho action"of
the working class who, applying their
energies -to -mother earth'.-; varied, resources, produce everything and yet
as a class invariably remain poor. For
an illustration we "state that the- aver-
agle value of production is ten dollars,'
Ave might also add "that the average
wage is less than two dollars; that is
each   worker   has   produced . values
which may be thus divided—value represented by two dollars aud the remaining bight dollars is surplus value.*
Do not run away with the idea that
the particular man  or  company for
whom you are working gets the eight
dollars for himself, or for the emplov-
ing concern.     x0( sir!    Out of these
eight dollars comes the cost of the upkeep of educational institution-, hos-
pitals, asylums, , libraries,' museums
etc   '  "Why," you  say,  "these    are
good and should be supported." We'll
grant this, but they only absorb a very
small part of the eight dollars.   There
is the dividends on funded debts and
on stocks, both watered and dry, poli-
"""' "convention's,   campaigns,   newspapers'and, spell binders for the chloroforming of ,the workers, monkey dinners,, Durbars,' the Army and Navy!
armories, kings, queens and royal families with .their retinues.     This is a
partial apportionment of what is done
with-the eight dollars.   -The two dollar represents what it.v costs on  the
average to reproduce'the worker's labor power. , As the great mass of the like*
working class   is - evidently satisfied
with the present state of affirs, .would
it not be the height of stupidity for
the mill owner's class to jeopardize its
position?     That the working class is
not alive to its interests is self evident, but .that it is'incapable" of 'enlightenment is disproven by the grow
ing solidarity on,the industrial fiei.
,    , d
and the spread of Socialism the world
over, .*    . '
1 Mr.
what
Reader, do not misunderstand
is meant by "Working Class,'"
because every Individual who performs
necessarily., useful labor, whether with
brawn 01; brain, or with both, because
they cannot be, dissociated, for the
reason' that to dig, coal' at the face
requires brain effort, and to"write this
article' necessitates physical, energy-
You ask: Is a lawyer, a soldier, a real
estate- dealer,'- an"advertisement solid-
Tor,, or -customs   officer   necessary?
Yes, they are necessary just so long.
system   continues,
as ..the Capitalist
hut no .longer; once it is overthrown,'-
then , all of those ' wiib  perform  the  '
functions enumerated will be discarded
together with,   a    host of duplicated .
business institutions'with their staffs" '
—managers, departmental  heads'; de-'
livery, rigs. etc.   Don't butt your head *->
against a stone wall about tlie prices
you have 'to pay for what you con* -'
sumo, because if you can live for less ■"
you will work for less. "Why are-wflg- '
es*.higher in British Columbia . than .
they are In Britain?   Because it costs ■
niOre to keep and support a man In the
standard of living in the former' than
In the'latter.    Again, why Is there  a '
posslble'wlder marginal percentage be-   '
tween what a man receives and what
he spcnds'in the two places?    The In- l
•tensity   of   competition between the
sellers of labor power is greater In
Britain than In B. C„ hence, generally
speaking,  the  worker  in  B.   C.' de-   ''
mands better*living conditions when
a shareholder receives his dividends it
makes' no difference where" be' lives
whether it be in- China or Canada, he
gets a like amount,'and that amount
represents the pro rata per. cent of.
juice (surplus value)   that  has   been   -
squeezed out of the efforts of the producers in the particular institution in "■
which the money-is invested.
..Drops of water constantly, falling  .
will wear away,the hardest stone, In *
manner constant, repetition will
pierce the dullest'Intellect that lie who'v
is compelled to work for a livelihood.   ,
whether it be called wages or salary
can do so by selling his bnly'cbmmo-
dlty labor power and the-price'he.gets
for it is conditioned like >ny other
commodity,   by   the ■ market   price.
Strange, Mr. Reader, is it nol that-In-
many of the government road camps,    •_
business hbuses,.sawmills and corpora- ,. ,
tions that so many lackeys obey" the '
master's voice and look askance at the ■ -
man who talks about Socialism or has   "
papers   in   explanation of the, philo-'
sophy sent to him through the mail?
Do you know why?    Because once let   A
the' majority of.the working class be-,,     °
come enlightened-and such'films as
the one alluded to will be preserved by
future' generations" solely for' the pur-" -   '"
Pose of'furnishing proof of what lie-' '-
D_I Chted ,m o vi a 1 u_l 11 ai i-_fn
when, by, their'actions they"cbunten- '
anced such a state'of • affairs' for so',
long a period.?.. N. T.    '   '■   *
and Furniture
NEWSPAPER LAW
COLEMAN NOTES
'♦
The manjr frlenda of Vonill Pock
gnveoxproaalon to their sympathy
with him In hla sorrow In a very practical way. A few njpnths ngo Mrs.
Poch died, leaving tbe Ituabaml tho
cbfirnt. of flvo Utile on**. H*» nrt 1 bU
family realde on hla homestead at
North Fork. Ijmt pny itny F, Wr-jr
and V. Zafbnr cheerfully undertook
the work of collecting a aum of money
to give,blm aa a gift, and m a result
the,turn of $57.40 wm collected and
preaenled to blm. .V*n«n Petri ir!*...
es through the column* bt thl.. pn^r
to thank hla many* frlenda for their
klndneai and ganeroaity.
Tlio mlneB aro .working steady horo
nt prosont, and we bonr thnt thnrn
will bo no more, shortage of cars thia
)*••*( d» am u. i>, it, wnnt all tho eo.il
they can get.
The mlncworlwa havo roturnod lo
work ponding n„BOtllomont of tholr
grievances. J. 0. Jones, VlcM»n>s!-
**iri.t.i ._.__.npt 18,, was in town job-
terday (Tuosday) on buiiness In con-
noctlon with tho dlsputo at tho mliinii.
Tho painters am busily engaged on
the Church of England giving It a no<v
eoat of paint, which will greatly lm-
prove tM I00V.1 of it,
Tha aubicrlptlon dance given in
the Opera Uouae on Friday last was
a groat aucceaa. Thero waa a large
number prewnt. and a very enjoyable
evening waa apent by all who took
part In It which was kopl up till tho
**e etna- fJ0«r# of the niorolng.
The Rev, Jfl% Bouii**. who t> hem
n the Rev. Mr. Miway'a |>itw whlIe
he I* away 10 hla old home In Scot-
Poster has removed to
Fornlo, where ho has bought a house.
Mrs Buchanan, is reported doing
)'«ry well after hor oporatlon. We
wish her a speedy recovery,
Mrs, W. Ireland and Mrs. basket!
have come out of hospital and are pro-
greasing favorably. ■' -
Tho football elub are training strong
for tho roplay ciip match which taltoB
Placo at Michel on August 10th. .
Tho holBt broke In tho' now slope
No. 6 Mlno on Thursday morning,
causing tho inon to leave work,
Tho stork pnld a visit, to camp oh
Tuosday nbout noon, lenvlng a dnugh-
tor to Mr and Mn, Joseph Mitchell.
Both doing woll.
On Saturday Inst lho young non of
Mr and Mrs, J, I'nrsoiiB gashed his
finger with A m\v whllat sawing some
firewood.
Vincent Ohlvell, employed In the
tlmbor ynrd, wu« knocked down and
Biislnlnod bruises on tho log, on Wa\.
nosdny.'
Jnmos Lowe, employed on tho tipple,
met with nn nccldent on Tueadny
night resulting In n bmland foot.
.1. Wilkinson, rlrivnr bons In No. 1
.North, hnd his ringcls smashed whllo
fnlln..-!..., 1 I 1
\       *•-__.   .....   \ ..»L',\,j n.f.ii,.
Nick r_v>jI-.., <-,.,,,;%,iJtM> (l, lV mm
luboicr In \o. |i Mino, was caught
under a fall of rook, sustaining In-
Juries to the back, on Thursday morning.
un, ;..:i.« m.u* virriu advertising
agent has boon vory busy up jn m,
camp this wook. Tlio kiddies nro In
Joyful anticipation uh n result. AH
thnt Ih wnnted Is fine weather for the
street parade
.1. A postmaster Is required to glvo
notice by, letter (returning the paper
does not answer the law), when a sub-
scriber does not take his paper out of
the office, and state tho reason for Its
not being taken. Any neglect to do
so makes the postmaster responsible
to the publisher for payments,
2. If any person orders' IiIb paper
discontinued he must pay all arrearages, or the publishers may contlnup
to Bend lt until payment Is made, and
collect the wholo ninount whether thb
pnpor Is tnken from tho offlco or not.
There cnn bo no legal discontinuance
until pnymont Is mado.
3. Any person who takes n paper
out of tho Post Offlco, whether direct'
cd to his name or not, or whether ho
haB subscribed or' not, Is responsible
for tho pay.
4. If n subscriber orders his paper stopped and tho publlBl.br continues
to Bond, tho subscriber Ib bound to
pay for It If ho takes It out of the
Post Office.' The proceeds upon the
ground thnt a man must pay for what
ho ubcb,
G. The courts hnvo decided that refusing to tako nowBpnpers or pcrlodl
cnls from tlio post offlco or removing,
lenvlng thorn uncalled for, In prima
fnelo evidence of Intentional frnud,
Wo havo tlie largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stoclc
, in tho Pass.    Everything in       ,
Stoves aiid Ranges
'Granite & Enamelware
Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating:.,     Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone?    FRANK, Alta.   p.o.Box9o
»: Any Correspondence :[
!: received later than :[
|; Noon Thursday, will I
j be held over until the "
\7 followtng week.
*** t+AltirHrkM-kiiliHckkliltir***
UNEMPLOYED TO DE
CARED POR OY THE 8TATE
I
WASHINGTON', July S9.-A apurlnl
money fund for "willing workers" to
!>«• lohiwd to staifs, counties nnd <*lllea
for public Improvements, Is the solution of tho Idlo labor problem suggest,
ed In a bill Introduced In the Houso
today by representative Victor I,. Hor-
ger, tho Wisconsin Boelnllst, The bill
urgos thnt tho government .lend money J
of  mipp hi' (otiim   rnf  r«.ii..i/i.      i,' '
....   , ..,,,„
vorw-n...  nud   .l.or<>V.y   rlvo  v,wk   to'
the unemployed, I
"How soon an Industrial .>rl«l» will I
como.! do not know," snld nr-rger, 'n I
supporting  hl»  bill,   "Wo  nil  know j
nwn'a panic In l»07 by lending- $12.".
om.,00.1 to .1. Plorpont Morgnn, wltfrh j
lm Innned out at « p0r cent., ullllislng \
the people's money and the iipMh of!
the hour to Increase his own wonlth, j
"There nro always U.OM.orw »in*m. ■
ployed and In hart! limes twice that!
nunitx-r. Mv bill wn»U plvo omjilrtv. ■
mr-nt (ti tV.oiiRi.tids unC Inlt-r million*,'.
providing an Vlastle' currency totter!
than tlist of tbe Aldrlch rurrenrv,
plan.
"If »hf K'.vm.nsfM Wi ),t}{, ,},„;
bnntff-ri and WnH fltr+*t hrflf.'Ora. let, ft
b«li» thft unemplo>ed.   But, of co«rs«\
the banknrs will oppose my rnrrcnoy
and fight the plan."
Dealer In
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes
Men's Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best  Goods   at  Lowest   Prices
Hillcrest x Alta.
HOSMER
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
Limited
Let us know your wants.
All Orders  Receive Our  Careful
Attention.
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater lo the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIk
Proprietor
*. Ay 4'h.
PAGE SIX
*„ r "   * w i'—     Tl       '*   V      ,   *** l   \    ■ "■"  .1  ■"—       t   "-.I*- *    i i       - ■,*•**■■«      5**        *-'V„Jt    V-ViXV -       »■• *_*.*..    ""J'™   *•*■ M.""tv,  J
'--'.>• '■' - ^.Ayv- - -f^y.7^A-,-*'.      -y^-'-.y^^^^^1?'"
THE DISTRiCT,;7LEDG_BR, I^RNIE,  B.O^UJRDST ,3, .1912.
.   .       s    . .-   „'*!U.t*-
y y, .-:. ^; ,y.-y».^v^.;'y
l;'f"
ii*..'
Is-
^.
I
amlfilk
l^ls the *est» remedy
known for sunburn,
beat, rashes,- eczema,
sore feet*., stings and!
I ^blisters.   A skin food!.
- __» DnwUti and StorM.-Jd./
The Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
j&riwles
IntereM
-: -'.'_.,   • --• -.■ r     ,.,- '  *■■:'
-' , '<"-. ^   * ■    ,'""- .,"*.>*
Miners W
ASCERTAINING,VIEWS OF
', . WORKMEN  IN" GREAT. BRITAIN
DISCOVERED UTILITY  OF. COAL*
if*"*    x-\
j-asy«tf'.j|''.«.*
A Flash of
Lightning   •■-
- Is just as- likely to strike
' the house  of tbe uninsured
man as that of his more pru-?
dent neighbor.^ No building-
. is immune.,,.
Better Have0
Us Insure
you and have    a - lightning
clause attached to the policy.
, Then you needn't worry every
timcthere isa thunderstorm.
r
M. A. KASTNER
Sole Agent for Fernie
CLUB
i y    ,
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
. Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
1 Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coftee and Sandwich
Counter
Haz_._wnod Buttermlllc
Victoria Avenue
FF.RNIM.C.       Phone M
An5 order has been issued by the
Secretary of State, dated June 22nd,
1912;. under' Section 118'of'the Coal
Mines Act, 1911 (1 and 2 Geo. 5. c 50),
prescribing the procedure to be observed'for ascertaining and certifying
the views of workmen as follows:
1. In any case where the views of
the workmen or any part of the workmen in any mine are required to be
ascertained for any'or the purposes of
the Act, they shall, unless , a -ballot
Is expressly required'by the.Act, be
ascertained by a show' of hands at a
meeting of the workmen entitled:to
vote of which not less than three days'
notice shall be given by a notice posted at the pithead specifying the time
and place of meeting. A certificate
stating the result of the voting and
signed by the person presiding at the
meeting shall be forthwith delivered
to the owner, agent or manager of the
mine.      _ ,       ,    ,    .    '
2. If within seven days'after a?meeting as aforesaid the owner, agent or
manager of the mine,or not less than
one -tenth of the workmen'entitled to
vote by -signed,notice served,on the,
owner, agent, or manager,. demand a
ballot, or if the Secretary1 of; State In
any matter in which he Is concerned
by. notice served on the owner, agent
or manager, directs that a ballot shall
be taken, or iriK any case where the
Act requires a ballot to be taken, 'a
ballot shall be taken in the manner
hereafter provided.
3. Within 21 days after the date of
the meeting or after the receipt- of a
notice as aforesaid as the case may
be, or (in a case where the Act- requires the views Of the workmen to be
ascertained.liy ballot) after receipt of
a -notice signed by not less 'than one-
tenth of the persons employed at the
mine that it is desired that a ballot
shall be taken, the manager shall cause
a register, to be" prepared of the workmen entitled, to vote.
4. The register' shall be open to
inspection by the workmen at the mine
and by the checkweighe'r or other re-'
preventative of the workmen as hereinafter defined; for at least one week
before the ballot is taken?    '   '      ".'''
r   ' ..... .     ,   ■        '        «    ,v . *   ..     ,        >«      ...
o;-ruo-l_illin6-.i.rniij   Uttiiuir'Biian-ue
carried out by a representative of the
owner, agent or ■* manager, and the
checkweigher. or. .other' representative
of the workmen, and shall take place
on the second Saturday after the completion of the register, or any earlier
day agreed "upon by the said representative.
'C. The hours during which the- ballot shall be taken shall be such hours
ns may be agreed upon by the said
representatives, or, In default of agreement, between 8 a,m; nnd 8 p.m.'
7. Notico of the purpose for which
and the'place at which the ballot is to
be taken nnd the day and hour fixed
for the ballot shall be posted by tho
said representatives'at the pithead not
loss than three dnyspbefore the day
fixed-for the ballot.
. 8. Tho ballot paper shall bo In tho
form sot. out In the Schedule hereto
(not reproduced), and shall not be
marked In any way whatsoever so as
to*Identify tho person voting.
9, A ballot pnpor shall bo delivered
by tho said representatives to any per-'
son applying to (hem nnd entitled to
volo, who shnll forthwith make1 his
voto thereon, fold tho paper bo as to
cover the mark, nnd deposit It ln a
box to bo provided for tho purpose.
10, Arrangements shnll bo, made1 to
ennblo a workman to murk his voto
screonod from observation,
11, Tho ballot papers Hlinll bo examined nnd tho ,votos c'buntod by tho
snld representatives, nnd a certificate
In tho form sot out In Schedule hereto
of the result of tie ballot nnd of tho
totnl number ontltlod to voto shnll be
Blgiiod by thorn In ilupllrnto; one copy
to bo retained by the reprcsontallvo
of the workmon, tho other copy to bo
delivered to th,p owner, agent, or man-
n(.er, who In tlio en so of any matter
undor Sections 8G nnd 87 and tho 2nd
Beliodulo to tlio Act, shall forward It
forthwith lo tlio, Secretary of tho
Btnto, ,,
111, If nny dispute arises ns to how
any pnrtlculnr ballot paper .hull be
counted, tlio mnttor shall bo roforrod
to tlio Inspector of -.lines for the Division, who shall docldo tho matter ao as
to give effect, as fnr as possible, to
tho intention of tbe person voting and
whoso decision shall he final,
Should-th^ parliament be "invoked
to meddle with'coal.it will not,be.
for the, first time. '.Our ancestors,
when coal was./a*novelty, petitioned
the'*legislature to* prohibit .its' use, jan J
the parliament'of-1306-did-so, but'^hcj
wood merchants put up their prices to
such an extent that the anti-coal-fire
ac: had tb be repealed A? '-'•;< "  '-*
There is every* reason for belie .'-
lng that, Britain has tie-honor of discovering the utility of "coal and.that
the, year 1234, when Henry 111*, granted
a'charter for. its1-mining, marks the
beginning of the coal age? .But 20
years before • some Tla'ddlngtonsti lro
ironks has found,that refectory fire?
might be "made to throw out- a more
genial heat by'the ald;of the strange
black lumps. " > <.,N ■-
-'•• - i  -x     -
GOVERNMENT   SPECIFICATIONS,
* .'      .     .,    FOR FUSE
One of the results, of tbe general
investigation of the subject of explosives by-the" U. S. Bureau of-Mines
has been the adoption by the government "of specifications for the pur.
chase of fuse used In blasting work.
The Bureau of. Mines has been niyestl-
gating^ the device's ior' igniting ex-
plosivesvin-the hope that the number
of accidents caused by., their -misuse
might be reduced. The 'salient features of the specifications for the purchase of all fuse are as follows":
"All f use j furnished Shall be of the
type known as?'safety fuse," shall be
free from defects, and shall be capable of being, stored at least six months
without deterioration. It shall be put
up in properly labeled packages con.
tainlng two coils each, and the rate
of burning in open air,(viz, 90 seconds
per yard) '.'shall be stated on each
wrapper.. Sixty ' package lots, containing prie~bundred and twenty, 50
foot coils) "shall be packed,in air-tight
wooden cases. At least 118 coils in
each case shall be in continuous
lengths "of 50 feet; the two remaining
'coils-may be made up of two' pieces
each.';,'The ends of the two" coils last
mentioned must be tied together. All
safoty fuse .when burning shall- not
burst rior explode in any part of its
length."  .'it* shall burn  without any
.such l3teraL,sparkhig_o£5.glowing-_at
the sides as might cause short-circuiting" when, .the fuse is coiled on itself.
When burned in open air it shall bui;n
quietly arid uniformly, the'rate of
burning 'not varying more than !100
per cent over or under the stated rate
(90 seconds per yard). The powder
core shall be', continuous, without
gnps, and of'sufficlent quantity so that
the final' spit is strong enough to
Ignite another" piece of fuse when-the
ends of two-pieces are separated at
least 1 Inch. All safety fuse shnll
bo sufficiently waterproof to stnnd
Immersion,for not less than 30 mln:
utesVin' water at' least one foot in
depth. One 50-foot length.will be
solected at random from oach case
for the' purpose of Inspection."
"with a suggesfed*diyisionrot.the'*wbr__-
of. the^commlttee,-acco'rdta_^?tq-acpia?n
that lri their 7 judgment .will? give "the
best, results s In^the shortest .period - of.
time?; It Is, .rec'ogaizedVat -the? start
that "the U-.. S."Bureau1-of .'Mines-Us
better,, equipped' arid qualified ?to?c'ori-
duct certain investigations relating, io
tbe^'origin, control and-prevention of
mine fires. "' '.' A,'A- "'  SS '
. This branch of the .work Us, ■„ therefore practically delegated .jtdj the Bureau to accomplish, and, the engineers
of the'federal department are also^ex-
pected' to undertake', the"' collection,
tabulation, discussion and publication
of such .statistical datajas'may'be ob.
tained?   - The "report further, dealsxiri
a suggestive way with-the'protection
of surface ■ plants, tiie construction of
mine openings, [and. the planning- and
equipment of underground workings.
It' is, in brief, a good outline of work
that cannot fall to benefit, all mining
operations   and ,be."appreciated   by
every class of mining men, if the same
is systematically carried out, which
the personnel of the committee-make's
It 'safe- to predict will be the-.case. ■
, In this connection, It will be of"ln-
terest to draw attention tb the article in this issue of "Coal'Age," by
Thomas Davies, mine foreman of the
Davis- Colliery Co., Bower, W. Va.   '
^ Mr.' Davies describes    a    method,
which , after much consideration" and
study he believes will form a, basis
foir laying out underground workings
in coal mines, so as to minimize,the
spread of. an explosion, and enable the
quick recovery of the mine and the rescue of the \ men entombed, who inay
not have been Injured by the explosion, but are ln danger,bf being suf.
focated by the deadly gases produced.
While Mr; Davies claims originality for the scheme proposed", be does
not, for a "moment assume "that the
plan is perfect in its detail, and is anxious that the, same-shall be criticised and discussed by. practical mining
men, with a view to Its betterment,
or the' possible adoption of another
plan growing out of this one; which
will present Improved conditions. We
hope the plan suggested in Mr. Davies' article will receive the careful attention It deserves, and shall be glad
to print in another,, department any
discussion-of its'merits or demerits?
-f-Coal Age?     , S .1   S
rF.
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7' ^M''''^&l^yyy<X t\ -.- ySy^yySSyyy %7y: y.' ~  'A/ -.   -\
At*,c>?^^,^yv :s,yry '7i-y-?y^SySy-yH;^y. ..yy: r y!
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«, *>t\-*Ki,*!&-ti-tt* .f..: .^y-:.y i-,'y:yyyy^y'r->^ysyyuy-.. -yyr.
FIRE   PROTECTION   FOR   MINES
Tho National Fire Protection Association, at Its 15th annual meeting,
held May 23, J Oil. appointed a committee, known as'the Mlnos Flro Committee, to consider more specifically
the protection of nil mining oporatlons
ngnlnst fire, Including tho surface
plants nnd underground workings'1 of
mlnos, - Tho commlttoo ns appointed
included mnny of tho engineers In
clmrgo of tho work of tho Federal
Burenn'of Mlnos, as well as a numbor
of thc lending,mining onclnecrs In tho
country, who by their experience nro
acquainted wllh the need of adequate
flro protection, nnd familiar with tho
moans to bo adopted for Its nccom-
.illahttK-nt.
Tho eommlttoo orgnnlzod and hold
Its first meeting In Pittsburj., Ponn.,
Nov. 1, I fill, A socond meeting was
hold In Now York. Jnn. 10, 1012, Tho
chnlrmnn of the eommlttoo Is Herbert
M, Wilson, engineer In charge"u. S,
Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, Ponn,,
and tho secretary, II. Y, Wllllntn*,
mlnlnn engineer U, S. nurouu of Mln.
es, Urbnnn, III, The committee nro:
Albert ninuvolt. J. Pnrko Clinnnln«,
Washington Dovoroux, ll. W,, Dunn,
Ira H. Woolion, J. W. Paul nnd n. V.
Morris,
TIiIb - committee tins just Issued a
brief ndvnneo report, or outline of
the work formulated slnco its organization!     The report   rtonlct   mainly
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Tint (.Uas Hornet for Sals.
Buys Hertts en CemmUU.1. '
George Barton    Phone 78
Less Flies - More Comfort
Tf you'll u.sn somo of our poisonous or sticky fly-
Hiilicr vou will luivu k«s IHoh around tlio Iiouho
an., more comfort. Flics nro not only u {jrcat ,
nnnoyanci'. but they spread disease of all kinds.
Join the orusado against this annoying insect by
keeping your houso absolutely froo from them.
STICKY PAPER, POISONOUS FLY
PAPER AND FLY RIBBONS
BleasdellV Drug Store
DRUaS AND STATIONERY
PRRHIR, B,0,
, THE  COAL   MINER'S   LIFE
~ The heart of the British miner at
last . beats " high with hope. ' He
feels,that he has at last come'tb grlp#s
with an injustice which lias seared hla
soul and .often made him curse" w.th'
bitterness.'--. Because he is hidden1 in
however, - it meansvt^gu^c^W6ndt7;
onous, unceasing^r.ing'^Hfeet^iclc^for,
some hours,- with."scarceiy?.;half'- the""
.wages that,.would.l?eep,one"in 'element
tary decency.? *? I ba^ioiiV'experK
enc' on _ this point •_whlcli- are^burn^/uSf,
'as with a .hot iron.Ajf .;the$e*-:is; affTj^t-'
hausting, souLkilling^experiepeeA in
this .world it is to",, stand *in one- place"
hour after bour.'uc^sTngly^Ieidfng
the pick, yet •seeming:tojmake^ii6limpression ; and,"behindTailj-'ther^bitter"
knowledge that''you,; areTwo'rklng. for,
about $i per day? ^A.strong.mastoid
me a few days' ago •"that'.-_»;tv/as)n6t
ash'amed to''say-lie*J_a_l wept under
such' circumstances.''vAv£y.A-.AA '■'•" '
.. Even', if there:.were? a 'decent',wage?
the physical effectsv'of\the\ybrk—es;"
pecially in deepiminesy "are? depressing.- ',. One "feels' 'washed } out Aand
drowsy for the rest 'of the'evening,
even after dinner and a bath. ? '.I* can:
easily -understand many miners taking
to stimulants after tbelr; work.,'Of
course, this is not put forward as the
sole reason, for' drinking,", but It -. undoubtedly intensifies a tendency, <'-.'- -
Speakers are ..'sometimes/, puzzled
when, addressing a meeting of miners'
after working, hours by their apparent-
indifference.' I have* been amused to
see^the heroic efforts of7 an orator to
gain a response .from such an' audience, but I know, how-the men feel. .
.-It'.haB been my lot to come straight
out of the,.pit, get bathed and rush off
to address a meeting; r At such'times
I have, listened to my. own voice; and
thought it sounued , strangely" unlike^
mine; .the mind seems wrapped .'In a
vapor all the time. Such work'malces
men old ere they bave ceased to be
young. ,..,."•'?'.    ,    '    A
When one remembers that the wear
and tear of mining life require plenty
of good''food,, and that most colliery
villages are far removed,from^large
centers (which.' gives an' opportunity
for high prices to be enforced), I.am
amazed^to thinkthat so'many can live
as .decent citizens.    ,  ? ■'    . ;*   ,    •■
In addition;-there is the perpetual
drab, life they'lead, which is only re
lieved.by an occasional visit to town.
There are' no "star" turns for us; no'
new operas, comedies or dramas. We
are satisfied and delighted with the'
■picture hall." * We have noj "Lit',', or
"Phil" society, no' popular lectures;
we fall back on the-Miners' Institute.,
Some go to the chapel, others go,to the
pub, and a'good-many stay at home"
reading and thinking. "That?'riumber
is increasing.  ' .',','
Our ;w;brk is hard, dangerous -and
monotonous.*-^ Our .wants are few and
our,' lives- are ' simple.. Surely', we
ought not to have 'to-worry, and' break'
our hearts-.about.the fortnightly grocery and butcher's bill.—John Law-
i **■ -■.»...- - - ■
: v*'-. '".t't'ia 'i\\ '"V-j" ?y «■ v..?.., j,s-.,.-,-
leliEiiSSeir^
.^-'^'
■%Syy&~i^7^r3y
"fk^i^y^--siy'K \: A^y^ELAN?^^erAy
1.: ./.y. ?vf y~^y'7i%y0y-7 y-fr. - •-, y - .-"• ,Av7"?tttt',*;;A \A; ;-A-
; -V CSV «i-^il''>y•"'■ "   "- -' 2:R^es"$ib6ian(JrUpi^
: S vV-'ni. CfcflM -..-..A. y.'-.. i\    .   •< ■  h y$.y S .*   c.y -J
•,'-;;*?*:<.*?J: '*
- ,^-.   M    *.,    ?..•.   -, '    *'
*V'v
the,depths, and because the conditions
under which he labors are unseen- he
'is den.ed\the"elementary right'of a
living wage.--The coal, owners are.
doing today what they always have
done—trading" .on " the Inevitable ig.
norance of those' not connected with
the mines. ' .What are the factj.?, " :
The miner descends a shaft ,jv_iich
may be anything"from a few fathoms
,to between two and , three ' thousand
feet' deep., , Before arriving at the
cbal face he will probably have a mile
or two to walk, -As he,is not-paid hy
the hour he will.not.*-receive! a fraction for travelling,underground—even
though be may be bent double a good
part of the way. Ho reaches the coal
face, which ls standing like a solid
wall nnd lying in" lumps ready to bo
broken up, ns,n friend of mlno onco
thought. The co'nl may be fairly soft
or ltjnay be almost as hard as a rock,
but ln nny cubo* skill and judgment
are required to work It. '
Many n man goes into his working
place with fear and trembling. He'
plainly sees that no mailer, Iiow careful' ho mny bo, lie ls In groat danger
of being struck at any moment by
a fall of lho roof.' But what Is tlio
man to do? ' The coal must bo got
out and ho must.Bot his living—so ho
works on. *
Ago In, a nlnn .may work In a plnco
In which tlm roof appears to bo quite
snfo when sounded, but with ono blow
of the pick ho may releaso somo conl
which loosens all the roof, Then only
good fortune will snv-o Jilm frtim tho
Instantaneous crnsh of stone.- This
Is causod by an unforeseen cleavage
In the roof, nnd mnny aro tlio lives
lbBt In this way.
Then tlioro nro suol. dlsaBreonblo
things ns wator and boat. A man
mny bo standing In water or lio may—
especially In shallow soams—have It
pouring on him from tho roof all tho
tlmo. In some cnsoB It Is necessary
to He on your side to work undor
tlioR© conditions; of course, It may
Blvo the man somo chronic complaint
nnd tako a yonr or two of. bis llfo.
But one cannot expect, comfort and
luxury In a mlno. Of courso not,
* If your "plac*" is cool, well nnd
good. Kven though It la unbearably
hot, It Ih still a worktop condition so
long'ns It, Is clenr of gas. You may
bo ablo to koep your slices and. stock-
.ut>*   ou—Ollt   UOOllt'ri     uivtn,       ittlf
nlrcllc.  „•: .■JijJkiilJi.a iwmol i-iyt"
JlRlously observed when It Is a question of bread.
It Is comforting to Jmow that est.
plosions don't hnppon every dny, but
<• » , . *
.-.   ...   » .._,  \»ia-_.   h.--*i  t»G>)   us.   i_.-.yyc..
with unfailing regularity. I we half
a down mines ovory day whore from
n score to two hundred human beings
have been swept away nt one time.
These are Incidents ot mining which
glvo tbo Rrcst heart of tho nation a
chunro of showing JU aympathy wltb
the minor, ffthlrlbtitlftns lo ndWiVtf
thc wants of the widows and orphans
are given generously.
The danger and   dUagreeableness
of bad roof, water, or heal, aro tyd
«nou«h. bat «v«i vntor the** eosdll*
tions you mar fret a day's wag*.
When It Is a question of bard  coal,
Bottled Goods a Specialty
: JOHN BARBER, D.D.8., LDS.,   .,
,;   A-       .'dentist", •"_ •i -.•.;'*-
Office: Henderson'Block. Fernie, B.C.
- "   , Hours: 8.30 to U 2 to5.'.
* .- -    '    -   'A- ■•■;■>;
;, Residence: '21, Victoria Avenue.*' *
y_   .ECKSTEIN & MacNEIL   ...   ^
Barristers &, Solicitors, Notaries, Ac.
'-7 7, Offices: Eckstein Building,      "
?■-     .'* \ ' ' "" ■'-* "'''    ''•*  ■•-'■   ■ A '
'* - ■ Fernie, B.C. ■ ,
son~inTJjaDor^i_eaaerTr—:— —^
.•^
THE YORKSHIRE : '<
"MINIMUM? WAGE  AWARD
' The award of a minimum wage for
the,coal miners of the West Riding of
Yorkshire under the coal mines (minimum, wage) act of I912,"has just been
tiled, ^'summary pf the award'is
given in the, Yorkshire "Post, and as
this Is In accord with the conditions
Imposed generally undor the. act, lt is
quoted ift' full.    A shift, ls eight hours.
Aged workmen are defined as those
who are over C5(year's, and: workmen
over ,60 who by reason of age are unable to clo a' fair day's".work, and' Infirm workmen, nre not'entltled to tho
minimum rato ol wages. Where -a pit
Is working for six days ■ a week, a
workman who In nnyyweek falls to'attend and work 80 per'eont of the posslblo number pf shifts, during that week
shall forfeit his right 4o rocolvo payment at tho minimum rate during such
week. If the pit works less than flvo
days tho worlcmnn must, attend rind
work the full- number of days tho pit
works, '..   . ',■■
A workman-who through IiIb own
default falls,to do a fair dAy's worlt,
or to work hla plnco \o the best advan-
tngo, or, who refuses or neglects to
carry out; any rensonnblo order given
to hlmoby tho deputy or other superior official to Insure him working his
place to tho bost advantage, or who
without good causo 'delays In going to
his work, or who ceasefl work boforo
tho proper tlmo at tlio. pit, unless
there Is no work for him to do, shall
forfeit his right to tho bonoflt of tho
minimum wngo during tho day.
If a workman nttompts to limit tho
output oi1 coal on any day, ho shall
forfeit tho right to minimum wngo on
that dny, *
If a workman, whoi) ho presents
himself, Is Informed that, so.rioth.ng
hns hnpponod to provent his working,
ho shall not be entitled to claim tho
minimum wngo; nnd If, In consoqu*
onco of nny accident or other unavoidable causo, ho cannot continue' his
work, he shnll not be entitled to a
proportion of tho minimum wage, Similarly, In cases of broaltdown or shortness of wagons (cars) on the surface,
ho shall only bo entitled to a proportion of tho wngo,  ,
ine rig-it to payment .is iqr.etied nt
any ihlti la .)_-.•__. a Aio^i/a^w kk\u,ii
by rooson of strikes.'
Minimum Wage, Hew Computed
To ascertain tho minimum wage, tho
total earnings during one day nro to
worked.
In caso of workmen paid by the
ploco, tho amount deducted for trammers or fillers shall be tho amount of
dally wago actually paid, but not exceeding Is. (34 1-3 cent*) mon* thnn
the minimum wage In that class.
Whnrp Ihr. onrnlnfti. of two'At mm-.*
workmen working together «r« paid
on an apportionment mado by thorn-
selves, no ono of such workmon ahall
be entitled to the minimum wage to
long ae the earning* amount r» Ibe
F. C. Lawe  ,.'   >        Alex'. I.!Fisher
i    •"■"       LAWE A FISHER    .    :?A
;,..-.* ''y'ATTORNEYB •'   "■'    -
"i   *'*"'-, Y     '  ''i
-,-•'; V, Fernie,- B. C.
L., H.    PUTNAM
• -a 'y-yy:;; :. '" '■
Barrister, Sollcltof/Notary Public, etc.
.-**■-•'r-:, yy -"•-•*-*y."-<- *<i- , .■■■y
Rates $2.00 andrup
*" -,.. y''..- Hot and. Cold Water     v ?
•• <y <•'." :--. ■ *.   - .-■  ;-. *,. ,: -,
-   ; ,;    .Electric.Lighted >^,;-;,".
lyiy;''Steam'Heated.'''   y..-:. yS,
■.yy,      'Phon^ in?every room.7 ».
-t^y ,?7*5ample Reon.e'on:Maln^;-
.,'.,'"' -     ': Business Street.".-A
-<Meai; Tickets; :$7.00
Special Rates byJtho week and
7 the month and to Theatrical parties.-? Try; our -   -•<.■;   ' y •   ,-,
Special Sunday
y •• 'Dinner4'" • ^
a.
,;?A
The?finest of?,Wines,  Liquors
and Cigars served by competent ?
and obliging wine clerks.' -y
■rt
BLAIRMORE,
ALTA.
THE FERNIE
s~, *■' v
LUMBER CO.
%, I .ih..McDougall, Mgr  A .
A.-- -,-; - yn-...y    ,.'   -.:-. ,*
,-   ,-   -        >..**; -      o' •'.*.-*,. i
rManufacturers of and Deal-
: ers inall kinds of Rough
■y   and Dressed Lumber;
Send us; your orders
HOTEL
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Every porson" likes to bo, comfortable. Wo have the.latest
design of steam heating apparatus ln every room. Our menu
is the bOBt, Wo' Buarnnteo satisfaction. Two blooks from C.
P. R, Depot,. Old and new faces
^welcomed. ?'v, ',
,7*';.^'^ -
New Michel, B, C.
P.. Zorratti - Prop.
*     r   _.      ^ *
Hotel Michel
Michel, B.C.
,HBATED WITH STEAM
Lighted with Tungsten Lsmps
Ostermoor Mattressis
Clean Linen
Pure Food        ,    .
Hates., 12,60 per day
W. L. FOISY  -   Manager
*0¥ii?
WMr\,
FBRNIB
Bar Unexcelled,
All White Help
n  .<•»
., Everything r\ ,
■  Up-to-date '■".
Call in,and .,
..see us once   .'
J0HN.P0DBIELANCIK, Prop. ?,u
KING'S  HOTEL?
Bar-supplied with' tho best Wines, *.'-,
" Liquors nnd Cigars'- ,
"' -        ' '   ' ..'       '     *        7   '   '
DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
'   jl1
W. MILLS;
Prop.1
Large Airy Rooms &
:   V Good Board
Ross &.Mackay fsaa.
i,'
- Nowhere In the Pass can be
found; In, such a display of
Meats
We have the best money
ean buy-of Beef, Pork, Mut'
ton, Veil! Poultry, Butler,
Eoa*> Pith, "Imperator Heme
end Baeon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut,
1 PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 55 *~
(Cominnotl on page 7)
How's This?
' W* «ff*f On* n<A4r.4 IWUrfl lUwjrrt far mt
M*» nf rtiturrtt »!>«.» cdnnflf ho wirrir! fit mtti
CiUrrti Cure,
i.y. ciiw.it _. co„ toUnIo. o.
wb, (im ti.ifii.rsji
Cb«i*y 1
putmtt
kM Smi.-., —
m4» hf kit Ilrm.
JUT, OAIK Of OQirUEKCR.
Touda, Oklo.
Mi Citink Cff* li Ukte ffltnmillr. tettu
4tr*mr h«>m iw^Ummi »*« mmnrnt «*».*«« a
l»r.i7M*«.  ytmtmmtih mm fn*.   frit* n
l^ftN (MT fKlttht,    SUM (f »»  nvflffitfl,
titt nttertuatj vm* tot (witifittta.
ASSAYED
IS.   W.   WIDDOWBOH, Astsyer and.
C-hMrt.nt, 1.0* C lie*. Ni.Ii.oi_. Yl. O.
ClitklKoa;—\__d_0, HilVtit, \Jbtu, Ul Cblibfal,
tl Ji?ch,„ G.o._U_-Uv«r, or ailvtr.Uad,
ll.&O. PrlcMifor other mstals: Conl,
esmant, riraclay analyi«s on applies-
M°5_ ...T^*_.,l_r*<l,J cu*ton_ assay orrice
fn British Columbia.
A. VAN onunwAi-D
TB08. W. 00R8AK
Memben of the Victoria Retl
EiUU Exchange
Write ui for Infonnatlon about
bomea and iBvettntnti in victoria.
P. O. Box 000
Cor, Yon and Quadra flitreeti. •?$-" K y ">*>-;;.:
■■&*
Kt.'V1*'-*^
-W
'.--■*• *:".v
. J,.*;-:":
''"'' ' yA^^A
-T"?V*.--''i,"!        .-■_■-
',• *f*?*»'f'*~-<re.->»i_-M!-n.«-».J,.»J i=y.
f-
-ry
^Hy
.'; Justrecelwd,^a\lehljimenti-.of.
'..EDISON.'Ptf^^^
Avictor :grt(maph6nes?A; A.
A.^u5dre'd?- <rf latest"''Records/
v'_?»".8.-fiuitara,, YAccordeone, .
.Sheet* Music, etc.; etcA-.""' A   .
MACHINES   SOLD .'ON   EASY
' -A' payment" .'planA<A'A. ■
KENNEDY'S
DRUG AND BOOK 8TORE.
New Michel   ,
"THE REXALL 8TORE.7A .
>^^-'-,
L E. McDonald
GENERAL
y ■.-*-.-- *
You'realways welcome here
.CleanARooms, Best of;
Xy Food and every A
'■•SX\- attention, \J A
:TH0S„ DUNCAN ^ Passburg
HORSE8HOEING
BLACK8MITHING
5    -yy: mk_.*i_." -  '"'-    -
CARRIAGE .BUILDING A
.Express and:Delivery Wagonp" a
■" -  .Speciality*' -,""■'
fe:-_
p.
Wtiolesale^Liqubr Dealer-
A~_     '\-~ ""'-?'.'■-.'-
Dry Goods.'Groceri es, Boots and Shoes
...   -Gents'/•p'urnishings .',
BAKERyAVENUE '
■ ii.    <   .'.   -, _v '.   . ". !.   _    i , :
. a       ' _-_}■
MACHINE
,i'- •*, ■-■ v«, - • ■-. j,-
'.BRANCH ? AT   HOSMER.-:
;B.C_.
WM.    .BARTON
■ i , '■•■       -   -   \ ,.■'  j. >•. .
Aercnt   Fernie'   Branch
Pellatt
■    '**»
Ave.^Hbrtli
Mf**^*****^**^**^*^;
i
>?
f
' *?£_♦ ♦..♦y^-'.^^V*
^E&lJE^VcCrE
■ "invention"'' a remplis' le' nionde-'de
concurrences iiou settlement "parmis lea
trayailleurs mais aussi parmis-les'-ma-
.chines—machines de# plus "perfection-
nes. lAujourdhui rouvrier, ordinaire
•est pour la pluportdu temps'"hrcalle
-de la|roue."   . _■ ,.'»     -~ '*'*,-
„'- II ' travaille ' aver,- l'Irifatiguable   11
nouris l'insatlable. et Wangle monstre
ar?;ete l'ouvrler est sans*"'ouvr'age. et
sans'pain il ne pouvaif rien\e&no?
miserA   La machine qu'il nburrlsait
ne le.nourrisalt pas'parceque Tinven-
tion n'etait pas pour son be__efice,>..e
produit de la" machine ne, lui appar-
tlentpas car celui-cl .est -la propriete
d'un autre et comme l'ouvrler ne rece-
valt que juste de quoi.se nourrlr—
s'habiller—s'abrlter et«se reprodulre
pendant qu'll active le monstro a production enorme qui par' son.'travail
sans—Interminance'rempllralt les ma-
gaslns.   * "Car lav-production excedait
la'demande" et parceque l'ouvrler n'
aval t.recu: pou? son" travail qu ..une'
part mlnlme de la vale'ur de ce qu'll
avals produit; et re1 pouvals racheter
qu'une partie duprodult de son.travail
^car.son salaire n'etait.pas -'equivalent
de'la-valeur.du produit de son travail,
Cecl;est'.la,clef *du; probleme "en""regard des- crises .tadustrielles etcom-
mefcielles 'et noiis  donne  la  "Non-
ralson-d'etre". des ; armees-1 de   sans-
trayallAde .tant, d'e'misere'Ade .souf-
france'j'qui, est■ la* cause,de'^bien?des
crimes.) -, ■ rrt-. -.,    . • .     '  .* -
"Mals'la raclne*du mal est'.'le'"fa"lt"
que-les instruments tie prodiiction""et
de 7 distribution 'sont "la propriete de
quelques,Vindivldus- qui'-, compose'
la.^ class' ■' ,-capitaliste, 'et •'operee
la classe .des ■ nbn-p'rbprietaire — la^
classe ouyrlere.y,Vu^que,les interets'
ecoribraiques d'une classe sont diame-'
trioalement opposees aux7interets ,'eco-
'nomiquesde'l-'autre la lutte entre ces
deux classes est donc_ inevitable et par
consequent noiis-fjommes, dans la lutte
et, nous.devons,y? rester'.malgre nous
et nos .dents;: puis il est'du'devoir, de
toutouvrieT'd'essayer de capturer1les
moyens de production- et ae- distribution pour les,rendre;/"pr6priete "de tout
le monde" afinde 'pfbduire pour l'usage
au'lieu que pour des profits. " ■
'A'1'heure'.aetuelle'' la''presse capi-
taliste,7tbute,;.la':clique''-de;politiciens
et lessens-de .'soutane "parfols nous
dire que l'ouvrler devrait etre econo-
sayent 7 tres ,'bieii. eux
.J_li3f_
Italian
I C0MANDAMENTr_3EL- :    _     «   ?
,J      SOCIALISMO
■ 1. Ama i tuoi compagni di scuola i
quali saranno i tuoi compagnl di lavoro. -, "■   '    .-.
- 2, '     '
Yorkshire Minimum
Wage A#anf
{Continued from page C) -
Ama il sapere.il quale e' iFcibb
della mente;' e sli grato verso.il tuo
maestro come verso Huoi genitori.■,'
\ 3.! Guarda che ogni giorno sia sacrov
Per te, facendo delle'coge utilie azioni
grate. - ] - . -■.
4. Onora gli uomirii.buoni, e sii cor-'
tese con tutti, non ti inchinare ad ai-'
cuno. "    ."\
5. Non odiar'e, non parlare male di
alcuno; guarda di non essere vendi-
catlvo.'ma lotta per i tuoi diritti e
contro l'oppressione,
6., Non essere un vigliacco, sli l'a-
mlco del deboli e un aniante della glu-
stlzia.       - ^. •,
7„ Ricordati., che tutte le buone e
belle coso dl questo mopdo/sono pro-
dotto del lavoro; chiunque usa queste
senza.Iavorare ruba il pane ai lavora-^
tori. i,       y «' r,
• 8. _ Osserva e pensa per scoprlre ia
verita', non credere niente contrario
alia raglone, non Ingannare gll altri o
,   e te stesse. ' , "
--j>. Non sredere ,che per amare la
tua,_patria natia sia necessarlo odiare
*Altre( nazloni e' desiderare con esse
la guerra, la quale y' un ricordo del
barbarismo.       .-/;  .- ;        -
10, 'Guarda. verso.'il giorno* In cui
tutti gli uomini saranno.dei llberlcit-
tadini.;;89ttb;;un'unca,,bandiera vlvran-
no, in, pace e 'si vorrann'o bene.—Dal
Minnesota Socialist. " •' "'
UNIONISMO  E .POLITICA
^FRESH MILK
delivered:to" all
parts of the town
i
8anders',;& VerHaost Brothers.
Proprietors
Southern
H?0,TE L
BELLEVUE, Alberta
■■Eyery"'
convenience:
and
attention
.;Hair:Dressing-
—PooKv^a.::. -A A,
' ■" n ''"•?■, ■  ',- ' ■
7 Billiards -
Cigars V ;;■:'-
.. Tobaccos
Bowling Alley
D
rop In
Meals tlmt tasto lilio
motl-or used to cook
sssa
Best in the Pass
William Evans,.Proprietor
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Whdlosalo Doalors in
Wines
n :•
Liquors
Cigars
l^ail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
L--   J^_
.»<J. NAMB    ' 8EC. and P. 0 ADOBp-br
.5! ■ ?»«•«*■  * bentley: SnS^n
m   *rCw T* *•• V«"*«om Beaver Croelc, vu TlnrtiH-
38    2321 ? i nnSrrf' ?wh™™°. Coleman, Alta.
""   ""!" !   ^.'.D' Th»oJ»"l<. Canmore. Aim.
8877  Corbln   o. M. Lnffsrty, Corbln B o
1126   Chinook Mines .... p. Re,,,, _Uond CU^ AS
"°3  rronk Jae. Kennedy, Pranlr ah.   -
Z^—:r.:XSSmiS^X
MM   Michel m, nurrell, Mlchol, H. c.
..;!  *,0B*rch M,M a Moorereft MwarcJi Mine. Taber Alt.
102  TftW *»••. Wll Kn, Taber. AIU.
* i   i'
me, quand' Us
_menies^nii'ii_.___._ir_^,«..,_,,.~...i-_ __, _
classe buvrlere.-d'ecoriomieer en'tra-
vaillant." sans.; le ^present .'"Systeine'
Capitaliste".'cVr;,l'«conoraie'' si ■ petite
qu'elle; solt,; est'iin certlflcat ou-plutot
une preuve aux yeux des capitalistes
que son' salaWeYt trop eleve\ leur
donnant occasion d'imposer une reduction sur les-dlts; salaires,' alors    une
lutte entre ouvrier et1 patron s'engage
sur le terrain ecoriomlqiie, "C'est une
lutte d'interets'.t,€t,;"la verlte"   qui
avait ete cache" a l'ouvrler par toute
la clique do roublard" se Vevolent et
la<reallte de la lutte'do cla'sse-a-classe
saute aux yeux des'plus endurcl*  ? *
, Les capitalistes s'afubleht eonini« lis
j'ont toujours fait du 'droit de com-
blnor et de so reunlr pour determiner
des prix par lesquels Io pain et le beur-
re des families  ouvrleres  sont  me-
suros. ,'Est-ce que les ouvriers ont
le meme droit d'etabllr dos meBurea
sur losquels leur pain   est "destine?
Actuelloment non!   , i_es^capitalistes
se rounlssont dans ]Cs banques, dans
ob clubs, dans des parloirB°poup com-
;l)Inor.    L'ouvrler qiinnd - II * comblnn
cost dans los ruon, ot toute los'force.
organlBcos do la aocloto sont tournes
contro lul~L'Armeo~la Pollce-Ia Lo-
arMature ot to'ua los dopnrtmenta do
la "Justlecbolteuso" bo range du cote
dos capitalistes,
Quand   his  capitalistes   comblnent
Coat tout almplement pour""eclinnBor
des klooa" qunnd les ouvrlen combln-
ont o'ost une conaplratlon-nn com'.
Plot of s'lls nglBBont do concert ot
font quolquoB choses do reolo Coat
»ne I'emouto," b'Ub ho defendont o'ost
do   la tralilaon."    Lo nrrlvo parfols
quo Ioh gonB dovlonnent do vrnls ro-
volut|onlBtes quand uno loquo   rougo
dovlent uno-bniinloro boiih inquolle les
wup droits contro la oraimlorlo hour-
BcoIbo qui rollout |m inslrumonta do
prodnotlon dont I'ouvrlor doll bo sor-
vir pour vlvro et sl Herbert Spencer
n |>u dire "Quo le foil ot lo for furont
los armoa dos protend.is npotroa do In
dlvlnlte ot quo do «loU qui dovrnlt
"no oapornnro \\» on out fnlt un men-
stro toujours prot n devoror hoii on-
fftiitB, noua pouvoiiH noim imihuI dire
«nns ernlnto do contradict ion nun I'nv^
nnronmnt do la iclouco et dos mnoli.
lues porfoctlonooH qui devrnfoiit olre
«n Houlngoniont et lo hlen-elra de In
-*- Diodijctrlco Iob capllnllatoa   no.
me « en ont fait dea monatroa toujours
Drolg a dovnnor l*>i. niivplnm -, ....,,. n
d'empllr leur coffre-forl,  I
Un altro degli errori-madornall com-
messi dai condottlerl' operai amerlcanl
e stato ll,lasciar lapolitica da parte.
-, In qualsiasi altro' paese del mondo
(eccettuata 'Inghilterra die sino a pa-
recchl anni-.fa prevalevano le medesimo coniUzionl'di qui).ove ununiohe
abbia ragglunto'uno sviluppo conslderevole il.primo^ensiero fu quello til
vtogliere il potere delle mani ai signori,
sia amministratvo t che   politico:    ,E
vero che il piii' delle' volte anche nel
vecchio .mondo o, specie In Italia ove
manca un'icapitale vefamente organiz-
zato, e quindi'manca ancora'un vero
proletariate; di questo stato di cose iie
approfitfarono anche'gli altri'. pahiti
che? per-una .raglone o per 1'altra sono
sociale, ma che'alio, stesso tempo sono'
lontani mllle;*miglia .dal oler condurre
iLDroletarlBtn.'j_i_?.pinnfp_j/»i__..'.-._.'_j_.iii-
ti.;    Pero-il proletariato del veechlo:
mondo s'accdrse .pi-irna deiramericano;'
rorganizzazione^economica  e  vacua
senza- l'ajjogghr dell'amministraziorio
locale eisenzjK.la   politica. •   Quest..
fatto assai -si'ntomatico noi; dovrebt?
sfuggire .all'osservazlona   del   rios'tvl
frntellastrl cosldettl avanzatl die chi
amano I comlzi elettorali, l'oppib'che
popolo.'^ Selal propletarl sta a cuore
aasal 11 ten«ral"sempre, al potere, do
Significa che l'abbandoriare il potere o
Iasclare le loro proprleta in mano al
aealal otutfuno.     Trovlamo anco'-a
che nell'uno o nel 1'altro emlsfero I
padroni non tremarono per la scoppo
di una bomba In cltta, ne per lo sgar-
rettamento del loro bestlame in cam-
pagna; slmlll   attl   crlminosl possono
soltanto rovinaro un'Indlviduo od un
gruppo d'lndlvldui; e Bonza consegulro
vorun mlgliornmonto da parto della
classe sottostanto, ma non-mal sciiot-
ere la loro sollda poslzlono, bssl tro-
marono solo quando   II   proletariato
mostro dl prendere 11 apprivonto no!
coniunl o nol parlamentl.
1 borghesi nulla traacurarono o nulla trnscurnno onde Impodlre cho quosto sopprnvonto avvengii.    Poro fra la
vocchln Buropn o In  moderna Am-
erica notlnmo questa dlfforenza.   Che'
In Europa 1 vecchi govornl Impedlrono
essi BtoasI cho   questo" sopprnvonto
fooso avvonuto, o cho nvvongn.     In
America fu li popolo siosho a rlnunzl-
nro al potere, od a Inaclar'aho la borg.
bosla In nomo dolln pntrla B'lmpndro-
dronlfpo dl tutto le rlcohono nnzlon-
all, dl produzlonl nmurall, dl mezzl dl
comunlciulono o dl trnsporto.     CoM
nvondo mnno llborn su tutli, J "trusts'"
potranno nsaurgoro iill'nplco dolla loro
potonulaiitn In brovo tempo, o ponron-
tro,ro In rlcchezzn dollo vnata nazloiio
nl mnno ill parocclil prlvotl,—Hnlmon-
do llnngd.
aggregate,of their-"minimum wages." '
Questions' as to whether' ■ a    man
should receive the minimum wage, or
whether the,workman   fulfils   conditions coritained.in the rules, are to be
settled -by, agreement- Vbetween    the
workman concerned'and the officials
of the mine, and, failing agreement by
them,,are to;be submitted'to the-manager . of.' the mine. and  some', person
working in or abotut the mine, nominated by, the workman." - If they fail, the
natter is to be submitted to a committee to be appointed from time .j
time where required.by th$ two secretaries'of the district board, or by the
district board sitting to settle he difference.   If no agreement, the matter
to be' referred to a chairman agreed
upon-between the parties, and the decision to be given within 21 days of
the date of, dispute.     Certlfipat€8 bf
tho decision to be binding,'eycepl.'j-s
In special circumstances, and any quern
tlon io the interpretation of ru.e_ to
be referred  to the chairman o_ the
district board, whose decision shall ho
final.       ■■ *   "" '
Any expense's incurred by any coml
mittee tinder, the rules to'be paid by
inn district board and the 'costs ay-
porcioued. .     ,
Rates for' the Subdlstrlcts "
, -Tl.e eastern subdivision includa-i
ptfs situated east of "the Great Northern Railway line from Leeds, wiier* :t
Intersects the Midland line at Sandal"
stah'on, and thence to the east ot" the
Mul'and, where the railway enters'the
South Yorkshire district. . Tha western subdivision includes on the wo_t
side-of the dividing line just mentioned.        -      ' . -   .
" The rates for the eastern subdivision   are:   * Qualified • getters,   6s.   8d.
(51.62) Atrammers-and'fillers, 5s. 8d.
'.$1.38);Aleading,  by-workmen,     Os'
(VAG), all otlier workmen, 5s. (J3.22)':
hoys, from 2s.,(_9 cents)At 14 years
of age,to. 4s. 9d. ($1.17) at 21 years. '
The rates'for the western subdivision are:      Qualified  getters,  6s. 2d.
/?1.50);  trammers and fillers, 5s. 2d.
($1.26);   leading-by-workmen, 5s. Gil.
($1.34); -all. other workmen, 4s. lOd.
($1.18);,.boys,-from 2s (49 cents)-at
U years of.age^to 4s. 4d. ,(?1,03) at
21  years^ - ,   -" A'A*   '
The rates for "the Gainster mine,
belonging to the-Hepworth Iron Co',
(Ltd.), which is" exDe'ctfif!_fiT>m---ti.in-
general rules, are: : Coal getters,* 5s.
6d.; ($1:34);. trammers and fillers, 4s-
fid.' ($3.10); leading, by-workmen, 4s.
9d. ($1.16); all other workmen,/4s, 6d.
($1.10); boys from; 2s. '?(49" ceuts)' at
14 years of age" to 4s. (97 cents) at ai
years. . .< '      ■
-• The' annual piitput of the mlries
covered by this award is given by one
authority at 12,000,000 tons.     ' ' "
PAGE.SEVEN,,
The Qiiain lleetpfc C 6a ltd?
T"*' *
Electrical  Engineers
1 Electrical Supplies & Fixtures"
Electric
Wiring,;
Telephone and
Power line
'construction
- l'U~i
Head Office
Cranbrook, B.C.
,  Branches        *       v
Fernie & Medicine/Hat^
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reierve Fund 	
D. R.
HEAD OFFICE? TORONTO
6,000,000 ^Capital   Pa|d  Up   .:...   5,996 600'
,    .    .5,996,900       TdtaVsseU...^.,::^^
WILKIE, Proslifent,-      HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prei."'
.' ■ y   " BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook   Fernie, Golden, Kam.oopS( Michel, Moyie," Nelson,
Revels.oke, Vancouver and Victoria. ■   '
•A,"., SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
_!r:\er.e_St_al!owed'0,n deP°sit8 ^ current rate from date of deposit. "■
GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
FERNIE BRANCH
\
,THE SEXES  IN CANADA   '
The recently Issued census reports
Place Canada among the countries in
whloh the male'inhabitants exceed the
female incumber. '' Of the 7,204.838
people held' to be living In the country
Inst year, 3,821,067 wore males-and 3,-
383,771 females, an excess of the form-
er of 437,290. Tho figures by Prov-
Inces aro as follows:
Wales. Fomnela
.    HIOHeBADEBICVCLES
John Minton
'  PEHN/JS flIOYCLE STORE
Re|Jalr_l Nutty Executed
Send Post-card for catalogUei. "ot'iolX
lowing wheels:    '    -
CLEVELAND BRANTFORD
DOMINION,   PERFECT,   B. S. A
MASSEY SILVER RIBBON.
Cycle, on Hire    ' ::    •  Ac«BBbr|e«.
, 150,074
140,801
1 20i),5r-8
241,.i'l|)
1,223,081
091.46--
200,702
2,00-1
S,r>23
Ln
A11,01'ta  ..' ',.   223,089
Brltlali Columbia     251,619
Mniiltobn    250.056
Nova Scotia      2G1.01!)
Ontario i;299,'290
Q^ec ...'.   ...'..1,011,217
Saskatchewan   .,,  291,730
Y,ll(°n        6,508
Territories        s.073
It Is noted tlmt while tho nm Iob aro
most markedly In.oxceHs of tho fomnl-
es In Wostorn Cannda, thero Ib no
Provlneo In which the females nro in
oxcobb, Tho situation, _ia roganls tho
nonunion ns n wholo, Is not u now ono.
The census of 1901 Hhowod nn excess
of romaleH ovor nmlos or 132,101, and
bnelc to 1871 tho ccuhiihob ' showed
Icbbit, but growing <.>xcobmcs, nil being
mit Into the backgrouml by tlio record
of InBt your.
The, HQMEgW'iu-'
BaiSkiss*
o/ CANADA
The
Purposes
of a Bank
Head
Office
A Chartered Bank exists to afford all pat-sotta
a convenient moans for depositing their money in
Auu f0rXr°nootm8 *hoh' ftcc°»nts and paying
then debts. -You may deposit your saving with
the bank-; pay your bills iy cheque through tho
bank, or send monoy any where Jut of town or
abroad; or you may oolloot what is owing you by
S^f'1 *™«gh tlio bank. It does?,, t ma?
tor if tho transaction amounts to only a sinslo dol-
^10 ^Tlf"M«T> business tusttt
samo.   J hat is what a bank s for.
us
TORONTO B™nchMtndco"n«*taiMi
throughout Canada
J' F' MACD0"*'-°. M.Mger. Pw„,0
Pornlo siicciii-Biilo dolla The
Canadian Bank of Commerce o pronln
nd emottoro apoclftll Vnglla dol Hunro
dl Napoll I qimll homo garnntltl dal (jo-
verno Itallano e vengono pagatl a qua*
lalail ufflclo poatale o nllr. nrlnelnnll
lrnneho d'ltnlln.
I Vnglla Hono oiuc'HMl (|Intro richloBln
sonzn rltnrdo o coHiltulieono II iiiozko
Iilu Mluuro por spcdlrc II dnnnro In Un-
lia polcho vengono ndopcrntl Inrgn-
mento per (jiiento scopi) dngll oml-'
UTiinll Unllnnl l.i itittn \, -m'...iw t>
tlcolarl plu dottnclliitl r-irf-f. i buimViJi
Vnglln vengono datl diilln Korijlo sue-
eursnle dolla Tlio Canadian Dnnlc of
Connuori-ti o dn qualHlnsi conillo- KhI-
lano.
.TUMSS I_A.VI._NXR,
Baolnllam la not n fnd llko Flotcli«r.
!'"!„!,.0rft,C"U,l,t0Bl,» woralilp. but
fl'vlli- I'tfXX^XV^*""* Ulhl m m'U']! <'H,1M, n'° r"l,>l««« mirrn nionpolIjjoB
u"LTJI.*,.'!-froni."5d «ro Inherent I ooclo.y today, henco thoro I, no ll"
tcrnntlve for the floclnllst Hying under
It bnt to do otherwise than mnko tho
beat of It and at (ho samo Urn© onden-
vor to show tbo non-Soelnllat that th'o
fMf'SE mutt lie known befuru tho of.
feet can be eradicated.
te ba...?,0""t iY,,tm W,,,ch hn" »»
la bnal, the oxploItau?n „y one olnaa
rtho owner, of the machinery of pro-
dnetlo. and dlatrlbutlor.) of the other
etaw-fh, thOVtorknt'thf, ma°e;,n
cry.    And tbla primarily for profit
««e l« merely IncMratnf.
One ran preach Vej:cUW«„'i,m atu|
practlatf it too, faecauao intn ,., J
«bol<« between miaK mM   .
fralnlng therefrom.
On-nn adro«t* T^inperttr^ 8fld
practlie the tenet* of ib* ym. Ah
atalnence party, becaua., theW it tt^
dom or fholM, but tho tniwiuoh that
fhoy who ttndenUH4 Hocl»l),m lhou,,,
no  hiiinuu  ror a  inrm  of  iwi._iiv.iiiI
yiiiiri. ut un (innitul ••<■   al of ti rui , -.
«»i «'« thon :*,jflo aorua wll I,    . ,_.'. i i
Application for a \<-ixhh fnu«t i,„ mn.i,.
hy   Uio   api-llL-aiu   In   i)S Vf
^V",1 Hr »|'b-AKont of i:i« SmV «.( I   I
^•leh thn rlffliia appllod tor nrl! ijiiii.V. I
.'» »vrvoypt\ territory Uio land mum '.« 1
i*iu|im   fit   neutioiDi,  ftnrt   ].,   ,..,'„''   """, i
but not otliorwliv.     a royalty Vhr V  «
, Tin. p.mon otif-rntlnp ft,« mi.1., .."Vl
.VJco-rntl^r^ilr^^V^nnruii'f'ri*
SOWING HIS WILD OATS
REAPING A HARVEST OF SORROW
'/"fl
>?!>*>"?£
\,f*±
m.
i
/.
Mf
._».«,
M?
^®
dare not marry; it yon nn- mnrrlr-d nmi ir"..
How mony yontiff men
en ii look Imck on tlielr
enrly Ji(« nnd re>;ret tlielr
"'"/ii !I'V./'SowlMfftlirfr
xyllil ontH" In x-nrlmiMu-ayii.
Kxceuca, vlolutloii of »«.
lure Rliius, "wino, women
nnd boiik"—nit linvo their
yictims. Ymm Ikuo re.
fonncil hut wlmt nN>ut the*
»»<l yon have sown-wlmt
nbout the h.irvts.1? Don't
trust to Jnck.   If you „rel
lit nr<-•■>■...(   .,_ I. f •       .
cltitehoa of nnv Rf-crH 'fnV'lt M
»»..ij._j i» wppwiK jour lifo "
by -.r(f_r.-_.j lljoaarcaul.
lerltiff from the r«*«ults of
pifct indiHcrrtiom: If wnr
MoudlinHltcciitaiiitnl/roiii
nny private dlKi.aw and ym
■
I
«a ".irnot  b'olni^nSSLmll'iSlf
nt lcivat
.urfitrft
tcMNAiy
at -
rljfhfn nm
A DUBIOUS COMPLIMENT
Hobby wob showing off hla baby,
••Thltift ho looka like tno. SHtheora."
be juiced.
"\Vkitt--uo." w,l«l ailiher*. looking .it
tho yotinmter critically.     "iu»g    „
qiiet^looklnff llttlo nutt. but I thould-
n't iro a* far ax to My ih*t bt tookn
on."
t«.H»«ty tor tin. world.ib of ii.- W£L !
atjh« ram of »10.00 an Vm.       min
Deputy StlnUwVTf &„,„,.,.. l
N_ tf,r.
jHlcctrlc Restorer for Men
itk*
I. \r 11 »
"-^.r^HJ-ggjpH-
\Vrmf
YOU CAN PAY WHPM rirpFp
BLOOD «J WnaCrTcOmW
•aMaMd*llD-.e„„p„„iS^^^^^ •** DLAOOERDU.*
Dgs.KENNEDY«tKENNEDY
Cwr. Mefcjjj. Av. and Grfawold St., D.tfdt, Mich.
ti^l for wrreipoffll^d U&,or, Z W.T •"I"',wMc'1 ■"
Addresaall Ifi.uJaa.1 follow*:    i<aDwn,orJ' ,or «"»«<Han Imslttsta only.
Wrii»f«r«w» t>rii«t*
aftJ55?EDY * KE™«>Y, Wl^W, 0.t -.y
Dry Goods Department
Summer Hosiery
GreUtly Reduced
fo  Clear
Xstraw 7Hdts ys
S'S;M:Hatfkriee:-S;.-
A TThisAviil lie .your'last'chance to bug'high class',;,
■Straw and Panama Hats at HALF PRICE." ^ Linen- ■:
Hats of all kinds will be included. A'      A "A
yy
Stlk and Mile
ymaa;a-- s^\yyy:y^yysvs
V .v
I£ulfH(^
■'yy7K-y7Si- >■'
..1  ?\.°>
A yy7'^-y7'.'J-
Summer Hoisery "vvill„be on sale this week and wc
are giving very special'prices in order to,.make the
sale a success. Black and colored Lisle Hose in
women's and children's sizes, both lace and embroidered in women's sizes, and lace ankle styles for
misses. Space will hot permit us to give a very
full description of these lines, but our window dis-
.   ft ■ a
play will be worth your inspection.     Below we
quote a few leadinglines
. ** ,h ' . • *
- 1
Ladies' Lisle Hose, fast dyes, pretty embroidered"
in silk, in colors of Copenhagen and Riseda, Mul- ■
berry, Old Rose, Helio, and Black.    Regular, 65 pr., '
f, , '
Special 45c. pr.     ' .,-.,.
<-, i
^Ladies' Gauze Hose ,silk embroidered, in colors,
of grey, sky, helio, black and tan.     Regular*85e.
Special, 60c. pr. y
Ladies' All-lace'.Lisle Hose, stainless black, regular value 65c, special 45c pr. '
Ladies' Lace Ankle Lisle Hose, in black and tan
. and white', Regular, 50c, special 35c. pr.
-. Misses' Lace Ankle,Hose in,black and tan, sizes
6 to 8."   Regular 35c, special 25c. pr.
Boys'Heavy Ribbed Cotton Hose in a good heavy
quality, sizes 5 to 9,' 6 pair for $1.00 ^     -     t, ^
New Stock of Tweed and
Worsted Trousers
-;.,-• *   «    -v ■*. ... ,-.•",-^.. •*.•,_,'.   --
•■ Fancy embroidered, plain "colors?and, silkCatfd '
AwqoI mixtures. - .Regular valued up;i6"60el'.pair..
,'«•-.'    ,  -  . / - ..--.,*.•."'■•..     -- • -
Special 3 pair for $1.00. - .  -*,;■   :,, y y.y,   . -
Grocery:- ;lfepartoent
■'-  V5". '■".7-' -"■; , '.:".• ^    *-" " ' ""   "- ■?*'*.•- ""*''" ''.'r-v V   1    -"■'.-..' ; J. '• ■}■-.*•
-^yy     '-*'-' -.* ,r^ ~—• -- _> -> ■ T~   \'- -' " ? -"" 3 •""-"■' ■
■y -.' .'?■
'.K-'   .
;. - c*-
N."
Summer Vests
•    A new and extensive range of men's Tweed and
Worsted Pants just arrived.' ■ These garments are,
well tailored and of good materials..    Prices range/
from $1.25 to $6.00. A-..      ,
All our Summer Yests in plain and fancy Effects,
all prices up to $8.00. AVill be sold "at, HALF
price:. *   ■      •   J- v   "•-' \ '".-a..' :.; *';
'WATCHES'
Look at this, a Watch that js guaranteed to keep good tWfor one year will be sold Saturday at 75c.   y
We are Closing Out Lingerieypresse$
v-f --        a
" This is the last opportunity of the' season to' buy.' - - , ,- very pretty masquette designs' and in them you will ■ ; *
White. Muslin Dresses at rock bottom prices.   -Wey '    find all. the new ideas embroidered.' Mil fact these',".
must clear these goods'and we have cut tlie-pricesr - ' \ dresses'cannot fail to' win the approval of the most; ..
doAvn to'far below cost. . ' ' 7        ", /'.  " '^fastidious buyer.  ; Every garment marked in plain^ ''
Thev come inall sizes; both for'slender and large''; '■' figures and no two garments alike.  'They range in 7
figures; and we can show a range of sizes and styles.*1      v■ price from $2.50 to$10.00.  ■       ,i .   •
unequalled Jn Fernie.     This s°ale includes "some" .'      '        ".   -;     :    ,*     "/
-A
See dur wihdow. for these
yy-:
;   Tuxedo Baking "Powder; 16~oz. Sy..'S, _.:-.; .*.;y.15 ^
V jLima'-Beans, 3 lb., fori. ;r.A.'.'A A. SX... 'AA;25 _,
'   \Molasses Snaps, 2 lb. for .;.. .'.-.';..;'.'.\ .... .A-;..25 ' ?
;   Creamery Butter; 3 lb. -for'.. V.V. ..A.' $1.00 ;■*
.?•  RivalWheiit Flakes, with" China,-5 lb. pkg.;!.. - .35
Lowney's Cocoa,„l lb.-'tins .'....... r. 77:...  . .'40'
'  "   ?»   ' '*   ' > " •       *'       '       '     '      '      "   * '\n
Cream, 20 oz. can, 50 for' :....:    ■ :50   .
>. Braid-'sBest Coffee, freshly ground', 2 lb for   .85-.
Bachert's'Coffee Essence,'8 for .-;"...; .;   '.25 -.*;,
Cowan's Baking Chocolate, 1 lb".',for,.. .*... _;."„" .45   ^,
Tomato Catsup, 2- lb. can ..... %.   ?.10
' *   Bird's Egg Powder, 2 'tin's?\.,-. Y.T.,...?.....25
', Bird's Custard-Powder, 2 tins :..'.." '.'.'..; -, .25 .,-,-
'■' -..1 ' *-     "       . r       . .'' -.    '_.
,,,   Greengage Phuns, 2 lb. tins, 2 for'. ?\..'.V.'. ■. i "..35 *,
'; Apples, 3 lb. tins, 2 for'.".. ?y.. .VV:....".... i (, .25   V
1 * i  King:Oscar Sardines, 2 for :.._......•.'."'.:.'. I\....25'-[ A-
""'■7 Domestic Sardines, 6'for .'...* \....:. .-.-.2o.*;;,
:,: A Eobin. Hood Flour, 98's A...,:..... X.....'? $3'.*60v^
£   '* -».;'.-      ■    ^'. •,-,    »-    ,    t-,  , '■??,"   '" .•' ",,:*?'".'
A ■ .Armour's .Grape Juice,.qtsA..:;"....':.'.,.. »•   ;.60,';,
., -y   •-..".  '"••   :.   '    -,   '..     .-"*'?          .   -'' V. ,' '    ■ _"
. " ''Uptonte Jam', 5 lb. ,tins .'.".-..;"!•.■..'.'.'.- •',,.'*.55 ;
Sy*' Crystal' Lard,. 5- lb. tin's...:....'. .'..;.'■• .86" -'
7   Wagstaff's>Iafmalade,- 5 lb. tins.,..'...'....? '^ .79
'-'.••'''Colombo Olive OftAgals! . .".'ir-.'.' '.X..".$2.io\k
[?A . Beechnut Peanut Butterj "medium size "jars;. .;;..25;
'   McLaren's Imperial Cheese,.smalls:.'..'...
7,' I Enos' Fruit Salts/per*bottle .' —'-.."...
A   Lyle's-English Syrup", -2's, .\.y'. /..?,,. 7
•'•:■ Reliance Lime Juicej 'pints'/...,. 7.y.y .
:  ■"'Corn,'"2 lb.',tins, 3 for ...,.".'.S:..:..:S.
',"'.'•*  -Tomatoes,'' 3's,'",-2'for \V-:s, S'-.l 777-.-f:y:^
<<',,'?Lighthouse Cleanser, '4'.tins-,.. .AvA'?y.-:
'■y-SSpecial*Blend Bulk Tea,'.3 lb'.A-or -.':;.
.' '<   ..  '-.. t.".-<'•-.': -\.--'       '•'•  .  _: "■    '    ? ■'i.':   *?
25 ,v
. ".75;;"
7:20 7'
rx^y
' -?35 "' >
"i   !  -i       ■
" ?', .35 ^».
025 y*
|l<00vV
.       *( v \ \ *
FIRE BRIGADE HjAVE
BUSY  TIME
Three alarms were received at tbe
PJre Hall during the week. ' The flrsj;
one was on Tuesday evening, 1 'o'clock,
where a blazo was- reported In the
basement oyhe Waldorf'Hotel. Upon
inspectlon it was found that the cause
of tho trouble was a heater, and thnt
no damage was dono.
On Wednesday night n more serious
conflagration occurred in thc Annex,
tho houso of Mr. Morasco being completely ruined. The cause hero was
' tho oxploslon ot n lamp. The parents
were out at tho time, and the chlldron,
fortunately, got out in time, The
promises was insured for $500, nnd the
furniture for a llko amount, Tho brigade did not get the alnrm In time, and
when they got there It was practically
Impossible to save it.    The adjoining
buildings, howovor, oscnpod.
On ThuiBdny night flro started In
Sam Lee's l-iuiudry, but only about
$75.00 duningo wns done,
Two men by the nnnins of Kelly nnd
Gordon, wore caught with slfololon
keys In their poiHOHHlon, nnd wero son-
tonced to one mouth apiece undor tho
Vngrnnoy Act,
Mrs Bonnell aiid family have left for
Monctdh.'N. B.? on a holiday.*
Mrs. George Crabbe, of Coal Creek,
has left for a trip to the Old Country.
Constables ^Eg'gleshaw, Gorman and
Hartley of the Provincial Police are
in town.
Conatable McLasty, who has resign-
ed from his position at Corbin,,is in
town en route for the Coast.
Chief Minty who was, on a business
trip to Cranbrook has returned to
town. '    . y ■   -
A family arrived in town this monr-
Jng, mid ns the mother was blind nnd
without any vlslblo means'of support
tbey woro eont back across the border.
The Sunday School of the Daptlst
Church will hold tholr annual picnic
on Tuesday, August 0th, in tho city
park.    Will leave tho church at 12.30.
John W. Lackey, Hugger, Intl., International Organizer, U, M.' W. of A„ Is
In tho city, After remaining hero a
fow days ho will make n lour through
tbo District.
Tho T_adl08' Aid tea of the Methodist Church will bo given at the homo
of Mrs. I). V. Mott, on Wverbaiik Ave.,
on Tuesday aftornoon, AugUHt fltli,
from thrno until six,"
Rev.'J. P. .Hunter, of Blairmore,
Alta,, will occupy the pulpit of the
Baptist Church morning and evening
on Sunday. ■ . „   ,,
A quiet wedding was solemnized at
the home of Rev. D. M. Thomson on
Wednesday.last, when James Clarke
arid Miss Allison Smith, both of this
city, were united in Holy Matrimony.
Mr and Mrs. Clarke will reside in
West Fernie. - ' '
The mothers' meetings arc held
evory Thursday afternoon from three
to four o'clock„at the homo of Miss
Sutherland,' deaconess? On Thurs-
day Miss Faulkner, of Nova Scotia,
will glvo a talk to moth'ors on "Tho
Advantages of Early, Education." We
wolcotno all mothers. We neod you
—you need us,
c. n/p. football league
1 Hosmer ' and Michel played'their
postponed League game at Michel on
Saturday, July 27th, and Hosmer succeeded in capturing another point, the
gamo''ending in a goalless .draw.' Tn
view of- the decl^dn'/of the League
Committee in ordering, the Michel-
BellevuV unfulfilled fixture 'to, bo
played, on Augusts24th, tho loss' of
ono p'olnt last Saturady, means a lot
to Michel, On the othor hand, Hob-
trier's'prospects In tho cup ties aro improved as" a result of this evident improvement in form, nnd they are, no
doubt, preparing to glvo Fornlo a hot
game on August 17th.
'Tho League table to dato:
.     P. W. L.'D.  for hgst, 'l>
LACROSSE GAME
Miss. SPOKANE
Irtviies you io to
Sepi.30ioOci.6l9l2
iirW*!*
{I&i&M,'.'^!
iWliMl.
i".'#}i|
Tke Inland. Empires Holiday*
Seven cfqy& ond six ni6Irfticf
edudalion and' amutfentefii •>
$omeihiti6 hj'n/eresicv&yvtmov^
jRcdacedPRaihvtzx Rates/
Wih tt **t II Co.<rw». 3oeyr f<* Ttrtmm. UtA «&.
lOiUtrAltd VtAftVrfSma. 03 ^_A_ixCa ^JJk*^ CD '
On Monday evening nt 0.30 the old
rivals will onco moro clash In a lacrosse game on the recreation ground.
Tlio Fornlo boys nro soro ovor ,tho
defeat thoy received at Cranbrook last
weok, but thoy have been training
ovory night and aro confident tlioy will
now "got evon,
Cranbrook Is so Hiiro thnt, thoy cnn
bent anything tlmt comes along thnt
thoy are offering to bot throo to two
on tho game, nnd tlielr ..nclcors hnvo
arranged to bring tlielr boost ors down
on n spoolnl trnln.
Thin will bo the nocond gnmo of n
BorleB of four thoso toriniH will play,
and Fernio Ib ninltlng n big offort to
bout tho boy« from llio Hannna Belt
and keep In the running.
Tho nomsland team linvo boon mado
nn offor to piny here Thumlny oven*
lng nnd. tlio bringing ln of two out«Id«
teams In ono wook moans qulto an
expense to tlie Fernio Club, tt Is up
to tholr boosters to got out and help
them aa much as posnitilo.
Several of the boys havo boon working hnrd trying to revlvo tbo lntoro»t
'.r, thif nntlnnnl mint* whloh bftH not
hwn played ln thl« pnrt of the country
for fllx yenrB, but with tho material
that they now have thoy should havo
no trouble In holding lliolr own with
nny of the teams In the interior.
Bollevue   ...9
Michel    0
Fornlo ..,.10
Coloman ... 8
Conl Creole .0
Iiosmor  ....0
2
2
4
3
S
7
Goals
-30 — 12
13 —   S
10 — 10
11 ~ 17
15 — 11
0 —"22
THE GRAND
m
II
"Tho Tnlk of New York" drow Homo
good houneti, WednoBday night, Odpecl-
ally, seolng ju crowded Iioubo. The
ploro haa n Kportlng awing about 11
and bomo of the -iuiikh are catchy, I.
1« tbo Intention of tho rompany to remain here ftnoih.T wpMi, during which
tlmo tho other two nets ot tho play will
I/O CU-fCtM..
8bA—"Woman's mind la cleaner
than that of man."
He—"Cortnlnly. She »«::nng^s It ol-
tener." •
The Fort Steele Brewery Cup—Fernie
vs. Bellevue.—1st Round Tie
What was generally expected to bo
an Interesting and keenly fought gamo
In the Fori Steele Cup had a rather
unfortunate anduntlmoly   finish   ln
this tlo at Fornlo. the Bellovuo Club
loavlng tlio flold aftor tbo gnmo had
boon but twenty-Blx mlnutoa In pyo-
groB»,    This drastic notion waB tnkon
when Roforoo J. Caulflold nwnrdod ft
penally kick to tlio Fornlo Club, this
being the second ponalty awarded during tho course of, tho gnmo.    .While
the awarding of tho penalties woro unfortunate Incldohtn,. still wo cannot
blamo lho referee.' Whothor tbo tripping In oach caso wns intentional or
otherwise, It cortalnly took plnco, and
tlio refereo was tn a position to Judge
and had no lioBltallon In giving his
doclslon.   While thoso decisions woro
particularly hard   on   lho   Bellovuo
Club, ns thoro Was no groat llkolf-
hood of goals resulting from tho Iramo-
iIMa riW' nt ....«*.It!v» of tin* Infrlni-/*-
m«ntR, still tholr notion in leaving the
flold reflmitB no groat crodlt on-the
club, and tho more manly   courso
would linvo been    to   com pie to Lho
game.     Roforoo Caulflold   of   Coal
Or#»o.. hn« hofn nMInK In that capacity
in tho C N. P.. Loaguo for tho past
four .reasons, arid has enjoyod tho reputation on bolng fair und Impartial in
IiIb ilfcltilonH, In fact, prior to'Saturday's gnmo ho had tho unique distinction of being the only referee In tho
I'ims whom no club abjododto when
notified of hts appointment.    Whllo
no opinion ran bo -hazarded-on th'*
probablo outcome of,tho gamo, fliwtng
lo tin- little- play tliat took place, illll
!«« Fi-rnlo Club had the bcHt of the
I»la> whllo tho gamo lasted, l&Htiougn
il,o llollovuo Rldo   gavo   Indication*
that .rify would have u W« **y tu
the game ere tlto finish.
', "As the matter stands now, I presume
Fernie will be' declared. the winners,
and? will now meet Hosmor in .the second round.' "This tie will be,played
at Hosmer on July,17th.A'    '
' Tlie Committee' of the C.N. P. League met * in.' Fernie on 7 Saturday, the
27th Ins'.., and muc-i\bUBlne_rwas disposed of.^ - The clnlnr by the Michel
Cub for the.points owing to the Bellevue Club falling to fulfil .their fixture
on July 13th, was turned' down, nnd
tho gamo ordered to be played at Jllc-'
hel on August 24th.    A protest' by tho
Mlohel,, Club 'against tlie Fornio Club
for playing Ineligible men   was   loft
over until tho next League meeting,
Sovoral players woro censured for unseemly conduct on th flold of play.
« A proposition from tho S. A. P. League for. a Joliit game was doomed Impracticable for tlio present season.   ■
Tho draw for tho - Crahan , Cup was
made,'and resulted as follows:
First Round—Coal ..Creole vs Bollovuo, ,   Colomnn vs.' Mlohol.
Hosmer and JFornkj byes,
TIob to be played on or boforo Aug.
3lst„ tho first named club having
cliolco of ground?
Second Round,—Colomnn or Mlchol
vb. Hoftmer.  '.
Coal Crook or nollovno vb, Fornlo,
The noxt mooting of tho league will
bo hold In Colomnn on August 31st.
McQiien and._Partri'dgo - showing up,
well",during tlie scrimmage. Michel
were not done .•with,'-' but Hosmer's
halves stuck closer than brothers, and
although?Watson occasionally' got-'in
a few long,shots they were harmless.
Hosmer, broke ^away,and pressed,,Michel, one of the backs .giving, a corner-
to relieve the pressure.' - From tho resulting kick one'of'the .Hosmer forwards, shot'with Horrific force, and n
goal looked" certain,'but it struck one
ot the homo, defenders, going over for
anothor corner, which was cleared.
The ' game ended shortly after with
Michel taking a corner kick, rosult being Mlcholjo; Hosmer, 0.
To say that Michel got;a surpr.lao Is
putting If mildly., Hosmer liad'JiiBt
ns much of the gamo as tlie champions
and wore f unliicky not, to gather, In
both points.' .
Meet Me at
the Roller Rink
PELLAT AVE.
THE 1818
, Hoimer v«. Mlohel
This postponed loaguo gamo took
placo at Michel on July 27, and was'of
gront Importnnco, to Mlchol, a win
practically moaning the Lenguo championship for thoro.   Mlohol turned out
as solootod, but tlio wooden spoonlsts
woro minus D. Thornton and Whlto,
Downie and W. Partridge filling tho
vncnnclos.    Thoro was quite a littlo
delay owing to tho non-npponranco of
referee, Walsh,  of  Michel.    Michel
kicked off and started with a rush,
but woro soon drlvon back, Iiosmor attacking very briskly for a fow minutes. Moore handled two or throo times
In quick 'succession, but not being
Horlously troubled,   Michel bucked up
and put in some protty combination!
but found ttio llOBmer balvos tough
propositions to pass.  Ueddlncton raised the,hopes ot Michel by running
through, but wna robbed In a good
position by tlto opposing   left   half.
Corners Jell to w.i sldo )n quick succession, but the defences wore safe.
A good first hnlf ended with no score.
On resuming, Mlohel attacked determinedly, but could mnko no Impression on Tlosmer's rock-like defence.
sui-l tbey wore beaten back,  The Hoimer forwards now took up tho running
aud g-ivc tbe Mitliul de.o.ia. a warm
time for a whllo,     Hosmer at this
stage* were playing like anything but
woon>n spoonlsts, nnd .Michel wero
ojrhorted to "play up," and gained two
or -throe tomws Jn' qftiKk succession,
tju^ although the ball bobbed ato'tt Fn
front of Hosmer's goat it was clearod.
Tho star film nt the Isis this weok
wns "Cnlled Bnck" a- two rool drama
wiilch was g/eatly "admired" by thoao
who wore fortunate enough to boo lt.
DespltoHho warm woathor tho'atten-'
daucoa .liavc been good. Tho pro-
grnmmo for tonight and tomorrow afternoon and evening looks,good, and
will, no doubt, draw good houses. ,Tho
subjects nro: "Hnndlo with Cnro,"
(comody)„"Tho BaloB Lady" (drama),
"Bought" (drama), "On tho Shore"
(drama), "A Trip to Iroland" (scenic),
"Tho Blooper" (comedy),
At tho rocent, convention of tho
Printing Pressmen's union (International) at.llnlo Springs, T-onn,, nn ns-
soBument of 25 conts iter month per
mombor was loviod to contlnuo until
Soptomlior, to prouccuto tho tight for
the universal eight-hour day. Tho
quostlon of Increasing tbo International per capita taxis to bo submitted,to
a referendum, It was decided to
make nn additional oxpondlturo of
$00,000 for Improircmofys   and   addl*
.oii&l U) U»u l/l»uUli_i {/UaauLt,.! b uvtuL.
Iu .id-Ullt'ii .i refcrc-nflum veto will
be tnkon on a propoaition' to levy a
fi per cent assessment to carry on the
fight that "wns recently ' Inaugurated
In Chicago. 1
This is what you soo
. thoro ovory ovenlng;.
•> 1
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
.BTOIIHKBRPHII wanted for Colliery
noiir Lothbridgo, miiat have oxporlonco
In rallwayflmltios' Btorokooplng,    Ap-.  v
ply with roforoncoB, Box 3001, Lothbridgo, Ulta,
LOST—Sorrel Mnro; brand II. B. on
right hip;,one whlto foot; glazed face;
answers to tlio namo of "Lady." Wm.
Stock well, Annex.
FOIl SAL13 — House and Lot; 4
rooms, bath and pantry. Lot S;
Block 52, MePherflon Avonuo, directly
bohlml Court Houso. Apply nt residence, O, O. Minns. p.40-3
FOR RENT
p      .1    ,
On Easy Torma
In tlio rjainfj'town <•>* K)1ko
RESTAURANT WITH BAKERY
Excellent fi'ontflRO with two larRO
windows, dining room, a" giltlng
room and 3 good bedrooms.
Mrs. E. B. Holkrook
P.O. ElKO
POR 8ALB—TW0 lots In Burnaby,
ll. C.5 twenty minutes' walk from Now
AVeBtmlnstor Docks; will sell far $500
cash,.   Apply. District Lo<}gor,
WANTBI>—Work by the day or
housekeeping. Apply, Miss Shaw,
Tlox 9.
FOJt 8AL13—Furniture In -i roomed
house, good cooking stovo and otlior
household uton«H». Apply, Mrs Bough,
ltecvcatlonOvoimdi., 3-p.
TOR SALK-rfeiir-reornf.d tlomo on
Dal ton Avenue; botb-room and other
conveniences. Apply, Joseph' Cui*
sbaw,
FOR   RENT—flltroomed Concrete
block Houso.    Apply.  Wm. Mlnton,
Llndiay, Avenue, Annex.

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