BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger Jan 18, 1913

Item Metadata


JSON: disledfer-1.0308891.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308891-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308891-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308891-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308891-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308891-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308891-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array C_!.'',-V-?*^'^''*'-';!'''>-'i*'  .   "*•-   "^   "'
I ,f.
.■"■ .-> '^-'-^^*'>''^^r^-tT»i*!'S^^i
;,   ', .'- •-^'§-^t3_____i_i_H
-> *-^-*-.w assesses
*' f.:hc-Vn^^?gi^ Organ of
■_. v^V'i'-^v.^ifrsi
- '   _U *- v:£r--i>>.w_E\-?._S,
District No: 18,/ij.M, W. of A;
Political -Unity is VictoraSS^Sp
y■>-, >-}--•»>.
$1.00 A YEAE.
AiJermen—Contsst Was
•'.-•v. ••-•"-,
fy---yl-'y7:X-" X X'1!?6 nominations fdriMajwf'bn-Mba-
i .XX'XX-*7y-''toy:last;prbved'• a-.surprise4n.'Mr.7c.
7'7£XXS.X'XK?l'yoi\fi-!-being'- tte^opposltlooi cari-
h;-y, S7S1 V /didate.-tp Mn Gates, 'at the' eleventh
^ V •'& "''*'-'ihour- '.-.' Mr. Broley-had made it' known
KvvS"' 7 •:, 77 In "and around-town, arid through the
1v' 'fi7^sX' 'PreB? tbat he.would-contest<-ti_e may^
It_ .v"i*-."«~oraU_vbut when the.tlme'cam® there
* wW„ no ^Broley., ^Rather'than ■ see la
, ■ maybr^elected^by^acclamatlon,'-. Mr.
,f,:Lyons:filled,the'breach.:-"" Mr.-,BrpIey,
,v     •It'is.'und^rstw^
•SH^"'r^,''"t.0>a sma'sh-WJonIthe .lineneaf.'tliur-
K^yy S~/7j. ibla^whteh^pwyen^^
Klr^'*™11^ : He
W?U^'^'^^7*^!'J»«/ ¥*- :Ws noii_inatio_f
kM ^l-'|B^iVaifers/ln/order, .-IWt i .the^lCeturoing
t'%_7V!ti^|J9?5pr» W.a 'p.;RpBs;:8tate8'that thia,
li ^yyti*w_M:not^Bb,:-W
fi->'7,\not;'.^ing worn tp._ ^Fbr.'kide'rme*
' 7Xy,V '^^tW^'s" hoa'dlngfithe JpoU "will'
7-SXy nbt'surpri's©:those--'wlio*,know* him.''
F.r?;/\ .,The defeat-"of Dicken'ls sunprlslng."
'-■ V. '•- '-The result of .the;.election*'is "'"as 'fol
A,•v. -
JOHN L.;GATES ^y^77\'.-233 !
C.. B. > Lyons'.";/;: .V.:-.'??.'. 7 Si 124*,
'i   - -•f
t- :MajorltyJfory; G^tesl
. 1 -"Spoilt ibaljotfl"; .y .";*;
.'f"-'*V,'*w55S,Hs"",i-  "'    '*"'''''
7x& x^yry^'f S.
r..'.:-. is
y j~Ty
■ vn   i1    "' >> FOR^ALDERMEN •
,:; 7.thos;.jjPHiLhX/i\.:'.-.'....• 232--.
• '":A' *^r B.'-cMACDbyAiAt^f^__;' 821-i
^^^A^aRS^M?t^>:vw';-i98 -:>
:v^V~.''ALEX*Rifz__itjT6W';";•'.'.'..:... .178 ^'
^;sWBf..ROi3ICHATOv^..:^.   172
'■"'.W. J. J^;MORRISON;.'..;..'.   i60
1/y'SfT- '^SWwT-ixftonZTx.CySyy..' "158 "
'"'-oh,-,.*    ^.'-'W.. BrawntP/^-M.V.;
fpollt Allots
y •«j *;»_•• /""t      ■'
,v,^^^V^i'-sS>'','':'"<- '•;'"
i'.Y^-llh«7. ttrst^flljt i have-been .declared
•   ;.-,jileotMi?.^Thb.'dfHcial count .^rtll, take
*,'      ^Dlaco tom<>rrow (Saturday). ,. ,, ,
,.'< '   '     '.J. •^■'■••■ifYp,^A r{^.\y f,yy, .y.   -_
r.7S V y- >v''. SCHOOL TRUSTEES :, ,,.
- .:p',v \i t.Por;Schobl Trustees ther* wero j-va..
,\. ^.;;CMdbfl^'an*?M'?a.;0.;.H«bd«w__, > H.
y only'abmineftel'they' wjSre'l d'eolared
'••■■'    " '«leot«d.  -'-yS *'•••''\}\tv t:£\7  -. ■
the gathering, with-hia ciistoniai y good,
liiimorT \ ' y^ ':\->:-.<\- , • ^r"^
."Itjcannbt-be1 sald'Uhat any;[startling
Idea's" were/p^sented' by> -those., seeking election, yln; fact, tb a" stranger it-
would- occasion- soine,reflection^ to de-
ter_nine"as tb_whetheror not anyclvic
body;wao'-n^cessary,,.for. .thS' ac|minlB-
tration"of-7our affalrJ..-: None of those
whom -it;- would«be ■ considered-.ljk'dly!
to have Interests inlthe- City' aeem^to
bother themselves about these affairs/
-Alderman Morrison In a "vigorous
speech proceeded to expose the posf
BtWllty:"'of graft ori, a; *'no' pay;^ co'un7
ell.,. W.'W.-Brown felt He.waayspealr-
lng'at an'annual'reunion,' and*proyid;
eot - the' aiidlence:, with" a good 1 deal; of
comedy'; 'under" the". crbss:q,u'«tIoni__g
he experienced." Alderman Robichaud's
speect^was. very; brief,' and ,< animated;
»ftd^^;;_Slcken, follbwedywitV liVs
characteristic, appeal'.foivgbbd govern-
inent ari'd-the ericourag'emeiiif tb Indus-'
trial -concerns^, to^locate here/ - Wni;
Jackaon^ belng(,'a^newC contestant, felt
his" eloctlori on-^the. admiriistratiori of
city'-allfalji^jr^'aypbllcjr^'of economy
would be appreciated-.byUhe citizens.
1 The letter -published in "our columns
last week'_ re'^coal supply- was explain:
ed by the rie__t_asplrant for municipal
.honors^Alei. Rlzzuto. i The audience"
were .also'enlightened, as toth'e.,var-
lous difficulties: confronting thos'e~en-
gaged In-'the livery - business in/our
midst.;-'TheJabellirig of our streets
and,numl^ng^thejiouses a'srwell as
seeln^ljat',thbse'-;whb,.pald tax"es~ for
sidewalks, got. something.' for'-which'
'.the^lwertf-paying - figured on "Mr;
Rlzzutb's program'-should -he be elect-
^^iXX/; {XyrXs-; '7,; :XS
S^w-Tom. Uphill's brief.*'sp'eecti 'and.
it'^ha^n^jb^n; detbipliipd _ that * tlie
^Bent^d9Jiyertti6i> dbfalls of "their
tlcjketi/thblquei&tioriin the audl-
ence'7 c'qmipenced. and/added zest to
thev;"eferijn'g'f'>, entertainment.;' -, ?'Mr.
Hendewbij7,then,took thejpriviibge.of
enll'ghteril^g?lt6bftB - present on, cbndl-.
and Jthiy^lay/in«^mpletirigj't^
dUionVi^the school.";,',., " ,y\'y
~The .meeting .then closed.,and j_he
browd';:- dispersed ^whlist Itone". «f .''the
gatSerlni-was-giving-a eolo'entitled
"Qbd.Savethe King."-n,\S
Ubn of human . laboi^^ar^included;;-
wnie^bf.them. W^lintrodubedJ^nto
Oaiiada'for •the1fi?^-U__ierj:- One-, of.
tlie wost lpoiportarit, of- these,is an .Immense /Curtis 7 stacker.;; by.v means ■' of
.which the lumber "is sorted; as it comes
from .the saws) mechanically stacked
upon-"cars;*carried Into the ."planing
rooms und there, conveyed, through' the
various flriishlng^machlnes on"'tb" the
dicing kilne. -; _,,']- Sy '- . \ '
-7It,,.-wae"'stated to tbe J3un'yesterday
by, Manager Mcjjbnak 'that' this machine v alone ',^111, do the work "of from
fifty~ "to,-; sixty iflen .with., only five attendants!-'- • All other (pl^nt is of equally y-up-tb-'date:typ'e: .7',Frbm";"the-'time
the'massive-.logs'are liauled by giant
tackle- fromr the .waters of the Fraser
until.'the finished lumber is stacked*In
the drying kilns, practically all of, the
operations are carried along.with,remarkable facility and speed by ■ me-,
chanical methods.      " •■'    ,' r
VMr. McDonald" anticipated that-the
plant will be in fuu operation in about
two' weeks; - A- staff of-260 men will
then be*'.employed, this number to be
materially Increased later on.    „' '■ -1
■^^.cr^i.'. 1
s   OFiJiifC :,
; Running at six mile's an] hour, Nof
514, eastbound - express ran-into, a
switdi a mile west ot Burpiia on Sunday night and four car's were derailed]
including the' pullman. The engine
and baggage-cars'.remained - on the
track. ^Vhile ja few passengers were,
shaken and"suffered slight contusions,
there were;only twoTwho ;had to be
taken to .the hospital,^.Pullman-,Porter Ar Morris,"'cojored^suffered "a;,"con-
tusion of 7 the-bead, and\ was unconscious all - nlght.\,<' Macieod'-hospital
authorities reported him as all right
Monday  morning.   . ; --,.'.",
v When the cars, overturned, the dining-car crew were all in bed,:and all
suffered .V'severe shaklng-up'. _.-- Alix
Newbauer.ua waiter,,-had .his''collar
bone broken, and. a cook, name un-
known, had a bip.badly1 bruised. With
the exception of Morris arid Nefl(bauer,
taken to Macieod, the.-other patients
.were treated" by Burmis* doctors.
Just bow, the accident happened has
not been definitely learned,' but -a
'broken rail is thought .to have played
some ipart in the upset. Superintendent Harshaiw was on the scenVas" rap-
Idly as a special could get him there,
and he soon bad arrangements made
for the"~carrying of the passengers to
their destination.    «
A special was run from' Macieod,
and the passengers transferred to the
trains on the west side of the spill.
It "will take some time to get tho. four
coaches onto the rails again, but' traffic is moving fairly well under tho circumstances. AU freight trains are, of
course, stalled.
Fortunately traffic is slight at this
season of the year, and there were
very fow in any of the coaches. The
most fortunate feature of it all was,
however, the fact that the train was
running so slowly on account of approaching Burmis station-. Had it
been going faster there" might have
■been a-greater casualty list." ', ,
" No. 514, is due in Lethbridge
24.40."" .   ■     ,-
bne;Man Killed-
Residents, Take
District 18 on Executive-
and His "White B. C"
Westminster Selected
for Next Meeting
Sir Dick
': • "^i^.f.
7 .\Q^s&i|
■• y, '.*s4*
{■: -..-'Sirs i.
-ft* jtofi.'l
.. . _« .^f. .,■
*-  A '
.. \ W\ i-'iyj ''i-' »^., »*v. \■■*,!. -t
. -' The annual mebtlntf to diBcuW City
1 maters in connection nyitU the election
,, of. Mayor arid-Aldermen has. become
: a rogular comedy, and whon tho meeting In the Grand Theatre took plno*
; last Monday night, tho chairman, Mr,
A. I. Flih'or entered Into the »p!rlfof
• ;';P'repi:m__V
i»      ".{LABOR AT'LUMBBRMlLt
11 '.-••'>"■ '-"*■.?',•' :*,•" -'■''' , #''
y -,.-•->.j'tj.*..,,   ,i yy„-.-,_ ^- j
Mo«t Up-to-D«teiEqulptn«nt ip Oanada
Now Being .Installed',at;,Brltlih;  ..
,'      CanadianXompanyra.Plant . .' '„.
Pxoellent progrbpa is being'mado-with*
the' Installation!,of. tfhe.. equipment' for
tho DrltiBh Canadian Lumber conv
pany'8 plnn^on-Dilu Island. Already
niu<!h of the ihdclilnory is laid, down
tad''in,,operation.-".-' When all,Ib ln
place lt will be tho'rooBt cbmploto
plant of Its kind ln Canada,- -
' Many new devlcos for tho ollmlna-
.'>"'■- >
IA   ■
•'Plead Guilty of Neglect of
y'[ \ jbuty—Miners' Discover
'.   Presence of Gas
A' oiibo of conildorablo Intoroot to
•' the tnliKira of thia Dlitrlot, nnd of par-
Ulcular l:iterei(. to tho mon working In
' tho Bollovtio Mlno \hm hoard before
1   Inipeotor Belcher at Frank, on Thun-
. dnyr January, ICth, In *»hloh Harry
. , Dlako and Matbow Mattion, both fire
-.boilei, wore blwrgbd with falling to
examine and report certain working
, placea In accordance with the Ooal
Mines Regulation Act, and In violation
of Section il, ftule I   Tho canoe wore
proBocutod by tbe mine Innpootor, and
'the men pleaded guilty, a fine of |60
yatidcoitt.being enforced, or an alter-
Thi.T cuDv am* va. ill}»« hci t.ui
. the fire 1)omp« named had not report-
~*'bd aa to thO condition Of the old
n* worWngi between 84 and il ehutei.
**■ thlif dliilrict being under their Jurii-
. /ojrally conildered to be tho lUngeroui.
area In the Helleruo Mlno. Since
tho esploBlona  tbat havo  occurred
examination, and by which thoy found
that thoy could not get noaror than
200 foot of the faco of tho rali6 working!. On tho following day, and aftor
tho flroboiBoi Thad roportod tho die*
trlct cloar, thoao mon roportod lo another fire bOBH tho condition thed had
discovered, and on Saturday, he,'with
tho pit boss, mado an examlnPtjon.
which verified tho etntoment of ihi)
men as to tho preeenoo of largo Quantities of explosive gaios ln that dlstrlot. Tho prosecutions by the mines
Inspector naturally followed, an I It Is
stated that prosecution of the two mon
who made tho dlscovory la to follow
ou account of the fact that thoy did
not Immediately roport, but wnlted until the following day.
,_ It Is qulto clear that all tho_oond£
lions necessary tor a repetition of tho
_Ww*_f' tfjk.pj_.4iwu*. yiiiii pruimbfy tar
more disastrous consequences, were,
present, and Tit l« *x**fdlog.y forto-
nato that this did not occur,
Ono would think thnt these mon,
__**-___, tubtiito u..t>i_t.rt tim trying experiences of Defpmher, 1010, would
tako no chances with tlio district eon-
cemed, and their condud Is more
.jyhllst.the.oKicersand members of-
the United Mirie.,Wo"rk«_rs and Socialist-Party were.:; busy',.; int one ,of, the
roomsjof.the. Miners.'. Hall; on Tuesday, .last' preparing, for'; the'r_|iterment
of one "of tneirmembers.the-news of
another disaster ; was ^conveyed   to
thorny ", The correctness, of'tlie-rumor
was immediately .-verified'" oyer • the
telephone, and no,doubt,left,as to Joe
very   serious . snow._' slide ""at   Coal
Creek.1,',  Some faaws'-vmPhTppenecT
tb.be present, at once proceeded'to
break .the.Uad news to. the wife"' of the
deceased,, whomf they found on lie
bb-^iet vraltln^t0_.7see the.funeral procession of fDa*. jj fiatoi^' wifor-waa j» be
burlM that'-alke'rnobn, \   -*'• :"^    -'
,-,-It' lflr a, Bome^hat significant fact
that a funeral; ii. Fernie should be the"
means ofjpievbntlng what would otherwise have beeti a 'terrible*Iobb of human life, '.The,-previous snow slide
which took toll of six'lives recently
Was a mere'handful in- comparison
with that which occurred about 12.45.
A; huge mass of snow came travelling
at terrific' speed down the'siope, glv-.
lng one the Impression'that the whole
mountainside had; fallen-away/and > for
some time It w&sMmpoBslble to^see
what had happened owing to the drifting wind.     The.-whole bf the fan
bbuBo-was Bwopt away;and the snow
covorod tho trabko ot'thb'M. P. and M.
Railway; to a depth of six or seven
foot.". The" inasB of snow from the
slide covered' an area; ot around ten
acres, and one ipllo was. fifty feet high,
Job Culshaw, who'was-employed as
fnnman In No. 1 North'. Mlno, was
found.deniTIn a'reollnlng position,
and was   apparently  Instantaneously
klllod by the force of tho descending
moos of snow which appears to havo
broken tale nook.      -    .'•.,/■
'-Immodlatbly aftor the slide the pit
boss nnd fire-bosses, augmented by a
gang of moh from tho tlpplo, set to
work to clear tho snow from tho vicinity of the fan< houso.-
Charles O'Brlon and Walter Joyco,
flro bosses at No, 1 North, had a very
narrow oBcape,' as thoy wero proceeding at tho tlmo towards tho fan house.
In an' Intorvlow Charllo OTlrlon
otatod that ho with Joyco and Culshaw woro sitting having lunch In tho
pit bossoo' cabin, and at about '13.40
Job Culshfl|W loft thorn.    A fow mlnu-
--.y •'_£     , ■_.i'.r,-:",
-.' 'PRINCETON, N.J.—Two .- women
nave, been proposed for places in .the
cabinet,of President-elect Wilson, one
of ;themvforthe portfolio of-Secretary
of .War.V~This "disclosure was'.-made
,-   .:.-_,  i.k',   . ..i       -  ■..-.   -
todays w^en-jMr. .Wilson was asked, if
thai"Buffji^ttes/had suggested' any
names/pfiwbmen for cabinet positions.
"I'thlnlr|l-have received only;two
such requests,^ Se'said.-»'"Th'eTecom-
mendations'^we're,-made in ra;general
way but one did urge a particular lady
toTl9ecret_ufy. of^WajcTitl am not mis-
takeri, but,I ought to add".that It was'
ia the interests of peace." ' . t'>
_ Another slight mishap occurred at
Coal Creek • this -: morning (Friday)
when an engine with 9 .flat1 cars ran
into an open switch. , Fortunately no
one was" injured, nor was there any
damage done to . the - train. It appears that the snow .was drifting heavily and the engineer could not see very
: SYDNEY, Jan. 14.—Australia's maternity- bond" of |25 for each child
born in, the'Commonwealth is proving
immensely popular. The' administrators are .receiving 300- applications
daily which is equal to 75 per cent of
the" total numbe_r____p__J_lrths__ Since,
the. act-was passed $87,500 has been
distributed.among the mothers in the
Commonwealth. • •   -&    '       ' '
VICTORIA, Jan. 14.—For the third
year <in succession the delegates of the
British Columbia Federation of Labor assembled here for tbeir annual
convention. ' New Westminster is
spokeiKof for the 191'i convention,    41
The convention, waB welcomed to
Victoria by both the premier, Sir
Richard McBride, and the mayor, Mr.
E. L. Beckworth, who attended the
session in the morning.
, Sir Richard took as'his two topics,
Asiatic immigration and the foundation of the provincial university, lie
reminded his -hearers that the government he waB. at the head of was not
a labor government, but nevertheless
he took his stand'as opposed tb the
importation of Asiatics, and that he
hoped both toy the, efforts this province would, make ano the co-operation of the Domlinon authorities,"'' British Columbia and the western provinces of Canada, with their wealth
aud potential possibilities, would be
preserved for the^use and enjoyment
of the white races of the earth. - He
also reminded his hearers tbat the
present government had already appointed a commission,' which would
be sitting in a-few days, to enquire
into the needs and requirements of
labor. , Turning to the founding of
the university, he believed tbey would
President J. W. Wilkinson, in his
roport of the past year, touched on
the appointment by tho government
of a labor commission < and on the
fact that no position had been found
on it for a representative of the Federation ot Labor. ,
The report of the secretary, Mr. V.
R. Midgley, showed, that the total
membership of the federation now
stoos at 11,827.
The rest of thc morning session was
taken up with eloquent speeches from
fraternal delegates for Washington
State. '.
President Sheen of the Trades and
Labor Council opened the meeting.
(Special to the District Ledger)
Schwartz'-patient had died' and-.the
doctor; rushing to the telephone had
put'Winter.ontho Job at once..-.Winter paid him $5 but refused to make it
more and the fight followed.---. ,0-
' .Magistrate Freschl discharged .both
prisoners, but-not without the'observation, addressed StoaSch warts:
- "You are a fine doctor, a crodlt to
your noblo iprofession. If I ever hoar
bf your claltalng a rake-off for steering a'corpse Into an undertaker's shop,
I will set my dog on you."
Funeral Extends Over 5
. Blocks—Inquest Brings
0.ut No New Facts
(Continued on Page 2)
thoro man? precaution* hara been Ineitmjssblo on that account, That
taken to provont tbe accumulation of the flno Imposed ia vary light roes
dangerous gaaos In that soetlon, anil without on**..en, and another wmi...
Jo addition tho plaoot wero sooposad {mm oi tha Coal Mines Act ta ejrposod,
to ho ttriMBlnod and fobbrtod nrwn Inastnti^J. »« to contain* no pwvfftfon
:4ttif, kn\t this promotlc.it aeons to ifor tho cancellation of the certificates
bato boon nogHsetad recontly, ' W of flro bossos who havo proved so wl}.
Tnnrwdar, Un, Hh, It would appaar folly or careloulr negligent Tho
U-at two mon wor*'..* tn that dlvr.. Albert* Govwmmoat should om' that
hoard tho eavtmr of toclcs aadeoali. this Ut rsnodiod (a Iho **w roffsla-
whleh pronpud them to attempt aa Ik* Act.
First Justification of Ancient Whesze
on Record
NBW YORK, Jan. H.—Althmigh I
tho wags and euttip* of this world
havo tried to suggest a collusion botweon doctors and undertakers by way
of a merry,wheese, tho first authentic
case of __ financial compact IvHwcen
theso supposedly distinct professions
camo to light horo Baturday, when Dr.
Pollco court to nlr tholr mutual grievances.
Thoy wero arrested following a .Is-
tlo ot.fp.genM.r_t In Winter's oblinary
emporium, during which Dr. athwart*
found occasion to fall ont of a window aud land «mi hU nevk in a snow
drift, an act, h« claimed, prompted by
Winter's 40-horsopower feot
Tho ennso of tho row, tt appeared.
was Dr, Schwnrtt' demand on Winter
MELBOURNE, Jan. 0.—All sugar
grown In -Australia in future must no
produced by whlto labor and the minimum wages advisod by lho sugar com
mission must bo paid to all sugar,
workors. This 1b tho edict of tho fodoral government, following tho abolition of tho sugar bounties previously
paid and tho oxclso duty.
Tho government Is hopeful that this
movo will bring about a satisfactory
development In tho Industry, It- having boon conclusively proved < thnt
whlto mon can work bottor in tho
tropical areas of tho commonwealth
than tholr eolorod brethren, Tho gov-
ornmont nlso Intends developing tlto
northern territory with whlto .labor
nnd has rejected tbo offer ot a com*
pany to establish froorlng works thoro
becauso tho lattor's torms Included tho
right to employ colored labor,
Generous Inducements nro being offered to sottlors to populato tho territory, whleh for mnny years has been
oallflil Aujtrnlla's whlto elephant,
allHagreo^ tbat^what^brought within
the reach of""everj^bhild and youth of
tho province .a'good'education was
the,best possible thing for'the working' classes and the community at
VICTORIA, Jan. 16.—When British
..Columbia Federation of Labor proceeded to the nomination of officers
for current year yesterday, under the
chairmanship of Fraternal Delegate
Farrington. A sensation"was caused-
by J. Wilkinson rising to decline his
nomination ■ for re-election as president, and later on by similar withdrawal of their names in connection
with vice-presidents offices by' Messrs
McVitie, Pettiepiece and Grant..
•      if      -        ,-
regarding an absence of harmony between members of each "executive
and secretary, and Mr Wilkinson in his
turn confirmed this, saying that "'he
(Continued on Pago 2)
• Tho- inquest .Into the death of. the
late David Paton was held in tho Provincial Government Building on ;Tuos-
day evening laBt, Coroner H, Wilkes
presiding.     The following. Jury, was
empanelled:   ' Wm. Eschwlg, Stanley
Norton, J. W. Qulnney," W. R. McDougall,  Percy Boan and John C.
Tho evidence in the main did not I said ho worked for tho Standard, was
'NEJjSON, Jan.- 16.~The board ai>-
pointed to hear the-grievances' of the
metallurgical miners has been during
the week sitting in Sandon and New
Denver. . They are,now back in Nel-,
son, and it Is expected that .tbey will
finish their,labors at tbe end of the
week. No* ovldonce' of a 'startling
nature" has been brought forth, tho
operators who' have' not as yet,paid
the demands,' having but ono cry,
"cannot afford If."
Needs  Eighteen  Hundred Per Yeur.
Thomas Stalby, a working miner,
That thoor nro 2,000,000,000 tons of
liKi'lto conl In the fields nonth of Ro-
rMf flirt M^rtnn y..*^ i»i :\'V!!l!c;- ;;.
trumendmis n«nn1ltlo*i nf mirh ron! nr-
tendlng nt Intervals all tho way from
Estevan In North Oattloford, Is ono of
tho interesting facts divulged In tho
report of R. o. Wynn-Roborts to tho
provlnrlnl trnvnrnninn* rtmromtrir. thn
feasibility of developing gas and (tower from tho llgnlto coal deposits
throughout tho province.
Proofreaders who groaned over the
nam.!* uf tlui gt-iiornU snd cltlos mentioned In tho news regarding tho Run-
so-Japawite war are almost wishing
theso g<Kxt old days would retain. Ono
or the l»t««t Homo shoot tho Balkan
situation   was  that  Dr.  Bphaklankl
thinks Eleutherlos Venoiolos will *et-
for IIS commission on an embalming jtlo tbo Cret.,n end pt the difficulty
!trt_f,fot_.ruic.it Job ht_ luul ttUw. Llia. »*.U»(_MAuvlly.--UUi__l»th*t__ Hows.
brlnfe forth anything beyond that
which appeared in our Issue ot last
woek. Tho witnesses called wore:
Job, Taylor, Jos. Pnlconor, M, John,
R, B. Blaok (M. F and M Ry), Honry
L Elliott, M. S. Milne and S. Broccoli.
From tho ovldonco adduced Broucoll
Hooms to have boon tho only mnn who
saw Paton Jump The witness said:
"I am section man on the Rook track
to tho old bin. I saw tho train coming down and saw a mnn Jump, Ilo
hnd a crippled log, Ho Jumpod and
stumbled and rolled under the onrs.
I found afterwards that lie had a fnlso
log.>' I Raw other mon Jump boforo
htm n little."
Brnkosman Milne stated Unit ho saw
Paton on tho train boforo thoy started and told blm that ho had bettor not
ride on It as It was protty dirty. "Ilo
replied," snld tho wltnoBn.' "that ho
was in a hurry and that lie wanted to
got homo."
Supt. Blnck stntod thnt tlio spoori
limit for Rlack trains wns 15 mllo. nn
hour, nnd that ho hnd always found
hand brakoB porfoct In tholr ..<|uip-
mont, that thb mon woro not allowed
to rido on those trains, but that Bomo
got ou unobsorvod, and whon dlnoov-
orod It Is difficult to stop tho trains
to put thorn off. Tlo considered both
._m,.j.tH.i i-uiuiiier ii iiu conductor {__.!•
lloll A1 Jaw..
Tlio brnkesmon and conductor v/oro
emphatic In their statements that no
ono else, except ono man bosldou tho
deceased nnd thn coon, wero on Iho
Elnglneer Falconer was recalled und
tho following questions wero put to
1. How far had tho trnln gono when
It started to run nway?
3. Wits sanding appliance In umisl
ordor; If so, why did it not bave usual
3. Was irsin more thnn usually
heavy considering state of weather nnd
consequent condition of track T
4, Was whistle blown to show ihnt
thero waa danger to runaway; If not.
waa-rather -indefinite but ,was. repre-.
sen ted chiefly by /recreation:"'-'    '-"   -""
' The -next wltnteBs''rwaB*^mvi^'^' -
Murphy, a prospector and miner, who'-"
said he had beon'-'at this work'about;,;,
35 years, and In British' Columbia since;; u
1895.' He gave a graphic'description";
of the hardships of the pioneer prospector and added that what ho bad
made'he had always put; back into
the ground.   Hie view was that tho '
pioneer took all the hardships and the.,
companion reaped tho benefit and tbatz. -
some «haro"of the prosperity, was corny
lng to tho men who opened tho coun-,.'
try up whon it would still bo without''
inhabitants othor than tho Jaok rabbit. <
single, and 26 years of ago. Ho work
ed as laborer, timber framor and mln
or. Upon' bolng nHkod If he could
make onds moot on hln wages, ho fluid
ho camo out oven, but tbat ho could
not lay by a good deal. Asked by
C, R. Hamilton, K.C, whnt he considered a .living wngo ho Bald this vnriod
with difforont individuals, but for hlmsolf ho thought nbout (1,800 a yonr waa
required to make lifo worth living.
To the chairman, ho said his not earnings for tho flvo months whllo nt t.ie
Standard, nftor pnylng bonrd, wore
nbout (-100, nnd after allowing for IiIh
olothoR nnd somo llttlo sont to IiIb
people his accounting for tho balanco
On Monday evening last a man who
wont undor tho namo of O'Brlon, was
kllcld by a ipasslng trnln, Tho do-
ccaaod was omployod with tbo Crow's'
Nost Pass Lumbor Compnny at Manlrt-
too. Llttlo Ih known of blm, but lt
is bollovod thnt his real nnmo was <
Joseph Potch, ob a letter addrcBsed
by that namo from n man In Hardlaty,
Alu„ In conoiKitlon with houio ronl
oBtntn, was found on hltn, ' The remains are In tbo undoi'lnklng parlors
of Thomson and Morrison, ponding on-
quIrioB whleh nro being made by tho
Provincial pollco.
Result—Patient Is'Killed J0"™" A wlf0 n'"1 ,,w •"hiMwn to
mourn htm with no mnniiR of mipjiort.
Tlio ImiucHt wim hold on Hiiturdny l.ut
In tho hoKpltnl, nnd the Jury com-
prlflciil tlio following: (loronor, Mr.'
John Thompson, of Banff; John Don-
van, Albert Oriilnsor, John JiicUhoii,
Finnic Hnmt Cfntv>miy •>.-!;\ v.
Wright,   and   N.   O.   ThnrbuVc.      Tho
OAN.MORI3,—Martin Turk who was
hurled under n c-avo-ln In No. 1 mine
wna found uflor 20 houm' arduous
work on tho pnrt of thono who unearthed him,
l_an Mnrmotlnk, a ItuUionlai. work-
hijj, (ur ./o.in Juuitttori in the woods i nurse's testimony wns to tho effort.
(Contlnnod on rage Z)
rutting timber, suHtalned an Injury to
hi* hend from a falling log, nnd wa.i
sont to tho licmpltal nftor IiIb wound
hnd boon drossed by Dr. RoHonkrauw,
u *iuntil hppnar urn. the doctor would
not take him to tho hospital until he
lind been ssRurod that monoy wag coming to him from Jackson sufficient tn
pay his fees for medical attention.
About six o'clock on tho third dny
he wnn In IImi honplfal h« b^nm*
temporarily Insane, and putting on
nomoboAy'ti o.rrroat. walked ;i'lt
onto tho balcony. Thinking ho was
on.tho first floor ho turned round to
tho left and fell over Iho bnlustera
and'struck the ground wllh his hnnd.
Aftor the nurte, with other help, hnd
carried blm np in bin mom hf» <tx
plrcd within   a   few minutes.     He
thnt sho hnd to atny up with tho pnt-
lent dny uinl night and was on her
fm't nbout sixty hours, which wns not
mi ii nu wun I occurwnfo for hf>r _if
UoHonkrmis huh on tho stnnd for nearly nn hour trying to defend hlmnelf
and Dr. limit. Tho dorlslo|i of tho
Jury wns "That Dnn Harmotlnk walk,
od out nd fell ovor tho bnlrnny nnd
killed himself, whilst temporarily In-
nanc Hud thi-re l*«n mitflolein attendants In the hospital this mnn's
llfo ..on IJ liavn u.<>n «nv»>d. There-
fore wo censuro Dr. R. O. llrott for
not having snfficlont attendants."
Tho two funerals took place on Mon-
dny *t ton o'clock In tho morning, and
owing to the severe cold tho band
<-ouUt only .tUy al luU,rv»iU an tho
mourners proceeded to tho comelery. t
•;-^ vy
- ' .•'s^i.
,    ''ot.'i" v^*^- -"
. a--.s.t.-1  ' -0 ;ftV
'  J-'It     -   -
Continued from Page 1)
* ,    ).•   i
,-might it not have had effect, if blowing, of causing men, including Paton,
to jump-before they did?
.To'this he replied:
1.   On tbe curve of the power house
1 started to go faster, but I did- not
, think of a runaway,
2.' Yes,, the sand appliances r;ere'
in good, order before we started. In
fact I held the iron while thawing out
the pipes.
• 3. Ao train of that weight never
seemed to be too heavy before under
any conditions. !l
4.   I blew the whistle below'
nnd as long after ns I could hold on
t? il.    I do not think so.
After all evidence had been in the
•jury wero left alone to consider the
evidence, and after a while broug.i*-. 'n
the following verdict:
"Davdd Paton came to his death on
the afternoon of January 9th, at about
3.30 p.m.,. on the M. F. and M. Railway tracks east of the Government
Road Crossing, Fernie, B.C., by being
run over by coal cars, having jumped
,from runaway conl train operated by
hand brakes, and falling back under
the said cars owing to a crippled leg
and depth of snow.. Deceased was
riding on this train at his own risk, it
being contrary tn the rules and regulations of the Company. Verdict:
'Accidental death.'"
"RIDER.—We would recommend
that all rolling stock on the M. F. and
M. Ry. be equipped with air brakes."
On Tuesday afternoon'last the remains of one whom the working class
ln this district could truly, look upon
ns a brother and comrade was laid to
his last resting place on the little,.__511
overlooking this city. ' In addition to
the members of' his family and tneir
friends were other members of the
community who turned out that day
to .pay their last respects. However,
the highest tribute of all was in the
number of members of the United
Mine Workers,, the Socialist Party,
and the Football Club, as well as the
representatives of Michel Local Union,
-. who made up the long escort that accompanied the remains to the church
and the graveside.
The Executive Officers of the Dls-
After the- church service, was concluded the .procession.reformed and
headed by the'-Salvation Army Band
playing the Dead March proceeded up
Victoria Avenue to its' final destination. At the graveside" Bro. Simpson read th© funeral service of the
"United Mine Workers! at the conclusion 'of which President' Stubbs spoke
briefly as to the loss we had sustain^
ed In the removal of one whose .work
for his class, though concluded in so
far as he was concerned, was left for
those who remained to "carry on. Not
alone were the United Mine, Wor-.crs
and those associated with him in che
work bf the Socialist Party, sorely
bereaved, but th. ae who wura
even more intimate with him at home
would wistfully .look to his vacant
chair. On behalf of the Fernie
Local of the Socialist Party, W. L.
Phillips, referred with genuine grief
to the loss the revolutionary working
class movement had sustained in the
death of Comrade Paton. Still, the
movement must ho carried" on until
this system of capitalism which looks
upon lifo so cheaply gave way to an
order of things to which Comrade Paton had done'his share to assist in'its
So was laid to rest one who is gone
but not forgotten; one of the hands
which bore tbe world's torch of hope
and guidance has relaxed Its long
fidelity and one of the brains which
knew Socialism has given forth its
last fragrance and blossomed Into
our common life, called Death. And
now what shall we do as workers to
become manfully Immortal?
The family of the late David Paton
wish to take this opportunity of extending their sincere thanks to the
District Officers of the United Mine
"Workers, the members of Fernie Local,
the. Socialist Party and the Football
Club for the wreaths sent as tokens
of sympathy in their great bereavement, as well as the expressions of
condolence from so many in the community. .
friendship of such-as Dave'to amply
repay" air loss. ,7/ 7
, ;*I trust his was instant death. That
unknown haven had- no terrors for
him, "and into its peaceful boum there
has never entered j one who could, be
less spared by those ,who knew him,
nor more genuinely mourned by- those
who were left behind. Nor can there
be, in that great commonwealth of'the'
dead one, however high has-been his
jaarthly gtation, who will not recognize
in' Dave an equal' in everything except the opportunity afforded his true
worth to,.prove. The great ones bf
earth may, fill more newspaper space
both during and after life; may make
more noise before death calls them to>
silence and decay; but if in-the mysterious after-death souls wander on
and ape the_antics of before-death; br
if by any chance a malignant God sits
in judgment; I ask of him no better
fate than, to' be as near to Dave then
as 1/ was till now, ft For then will I
sit in company, than which better enn-
not'be found. - But after all, 'We nre
but stuff that dreams are made of,
nnd our little lives are rqunded by a.
sleep.' If any help is needed I stand
ready to do my little."
(Continued from Page 1)
,trict,.and the officers of his own local
union acted as ;pall- bearers, and the
Methodist Church was taxed to its
capacity to .find room for those, who
sought entrance when the. Rev, M.
Dimmick conducted the funeral service preparatory to the journey to the
■ cemetery.
J. E. Smith of Coal Creek, President
of Gladstone Local Union, is in receipt of a letter of condolence from
Comrade J. D. Harrington, which reads
as follows:
"I have just read in the Vancouver
World of the"death of our Comrade
Dave. Paton. * Never for me. did all
newspaper space contain such unwelcome news as did that scant two
inches: I could not have been more
shocked had I lost a brother.   " Car
les later 'he started off with Joyce, intending to.look in'and see Culshaw
before going'to the mine," and had just
got off the step when they heard a
bang, and saw what they thought was
the mountainside slipping away. They
immediately called'for help, and for
some time could not see for the snow
blowing about: . Eventually they, cut
their way to where the fan house stood
and co'mimenced digging. O'Brien says
that his shovel struck something, and
after clearing around discovered the
lifeless body of Joe Oulshaw^ and the
imprint of his arm is quite plain in the
snow bank.
The snow sheds, as well as the water and air lines were completely torn
down. As a result of the damage .lone
Nos. 1 and 5 North Mines were idle'
until 11 ip.m. Wednesday "night.    .
The deceased was .well-known at
Coal Creek, having resided in Welsh
Camp for some.time, but removed to
Fernie the day after Christmas^ He
leaves a.widow and one child, to whom
the deepest sympathy is extended-in
their dire trouble.   ' ■   ..   ■
It has been decided that no inquest
lyle's words are true of this lossr if
false for all others, 'Oh, that so many
muddy souls of dirt and .clay should
fill up their existences to their utmost
bound, and this the noblest in ttie
world sink ere half its cpurse is run.'
If the Socialist movement gave no
other  recompense,   sufficient  is  the
Dr. Wm. H. Thompson
(Formerly of Spokane)
Dentist and Oral Surgeon
___^       i
.:,....;._, Tho Extraction of Tooth
Don tal'and X Kay Photography
. Pyorrhea'and Diseases of tho Gums-
Tho Troatmont of Malformations, Injuries an.I Surgical
Diseases of tlie Faco, Mouth and Jaws, (including '
Cancer, Fractures of tho Jaws, Cleft Palate,
Hair Lip, Neuralgia. Pus Diseases, etc,)
Tlie Administration of Nitrous Oxido and Oxgyen for
Painless Dental and Surgical Operations.
Gold Inlays, Fillings, Crown, Bridgo and Plate Work
Temporary OHieo
Will soon bo permanently located in tho
Henderson Block,      Fernie, B. C.
Socialism :'Desc^^S:7X}
From the Standard'.Encyclopedia of
•   the   World's   Knowledge,, recently
published "by .Funk'  & . Wagnalls'
Company.      -.'«,-       •.-.'■
is necessary. ,     y
The funeral will take place on Sunday afternoon- from the .'Catholic
Ohurchat 3 o.clock.
The residents of. Coal Creek are *.ak-
ing .warning and quite a, number of
them are moving into town. We understand that those living in . close
proximity to the- scene of 'possible
slides have been warned to quit.
(Continued from Pago 1)
SIR ....MUNI) WAMCI.R, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L,, President   '
Genornl Mnnngor Assistant General Mnnager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
This Bunk offers unsurpiisscd facilities totlioso doing busineas
witli lorci^ii countries, il i.s specially c.|ui|)|)cii for ihe muclittt-O uiiu
sab of Stciliiiti and oilier FoidyM cscIlii^^, druils ami Cable Transfers, ond for tlie financing ofimports nnd exports of merchandise.
Commercial credits, Foreign drtfts, Money Orders, Travellers*
Cheques rind Letters of Credit issued nnd nvidlnbio In nil parts of the
Co_iu.l_u_i» v>T*-led i.iomp..) ^1 icu_.o_ul.ii_ rates. M
f*3  ?
could not allow tlio convention to reelect their recent president, and secreJ
tary undor the impression' that, complete harmony reigned between tliem,
Dlfforonco of opinion did, In fact,
exist In regard to administrative
policy, pursued to siichnn oxtont as
to iprocludo his standing .again for
president this yoar," -
Wilkinson ipreforrou1 to, take this
coiirsn rather than to malco tho convontlon tho scene of ri" personal conflict botweon himself and secretary,
Following Wilkinson's lead, whon
nominations for vlcGiprosIdohils woro
callod for, Messrs, McVltle, Pottlopieco
and Cirant rofusod nomination also.
A series of ballots woro nocossnry
boforo dologatOH ,T, ,7. Taylor, of Lady
smith, A,, Watchman, of Victoria, .1,
Knvnimgh, of Vancouver, J, A, Duma,
of Victoria, J, W. Oray (United Mlno,
Workers, District 18), James Cntlibort-
Hon (District 0, W, P. ot M.), and J,
Forrls woro finally soloctod. Mr. I.,
D Grant opposed Mr V. .Mldgoley Tor
Um pout of soorotiiry-traiBuror, but
tlio Into seoratnry wns ro-olooioil,
,T, VV. Wilkinson was Holoolod without opposition iih doiogato to nttond
Uio Cnnndlnn Trades and Lnbor Congress at, Montrnnl In Soptombnr, nnd
liolegato A. Watchman to nttonil tlio
Wellington Stato Fodoratlon of Labor Convention,
This resignation of foiir of Its officers who hitvo /mnn prominent In
guiding nffnlrs of tlio federation slnco
Its organization three yearn ago Is
felt on all aides to bo n momentous
Innldont in Its history.
J, W. Wilkinson, who roprosonts
tho Trades and Labor Council of Van-
rniivot-,  (inn  fnr  Um  pmit  Mi'n  l-ormn
antm! ns ehlnf ffienputlvo.
Pottlplnco 6dlts tho ,T3. 0, Federationist, and together with Messrs, Mo*
VItlo and Grant has boon a mombor of
tho oxocutivo for throo yonrs, All,
wtlrlnr. deliMffltPS hnvo -ntprntmoil their
Intention of supporting In most loyal
mnnnor now oxooutlvo,
Last Incident of today waB to docldo
that Now Westminster shall bo, scone
of Convention of. 1014. > Tho Tl. C,
Federation Is preparing a memorial
to bo lmtHoiitml to tho Labor Commission nt Its session Ih Vancouver, and
other resolutions passed earlier in lho
day recommend compulsory ..inpootlon
or sanitation ot wmtaurants, legal holidays of one day a wook, changes In
tho oloctfbri" act, atld prohibition of
employment' by .Orientals of white
girls.- This .floruit.*.'* di.bi.Wou
suggested desirability; of direct polltt-
ml notion by Workers of provlneo will
be resumed.
SOCIALISM. 'According to, Mr.
Holylake (In hls„ History - of .C<>oper-,
ation), the:word originated;'in-1835
ln connection with'the Association of
all Classes of all Nations, founded in
that • year, by the- Socialist . Robert
Owen. The name laid special emphasis on -the necessity for social reconstruction and renovation, aa contrasted with ,the political reforms .'which'
were then so much agitated', and was
therefore soon adopted as suitable
and distinctive. ■ It was-borrowed by
Roybaud,. an eminent French writer,
In his Reformateurs Moderne's" (11339),
and gained a wide currency. In this
article our chief aim obviously is to
expound Socialism as a historic phenomenon or as a set of-phenomena.
If Socialism be essentially a form
of .communism, then it is simply a revival of one of the .oldest phenomena
In history. Agairi^ff we regard Socialism as a social and economic system
by which the individual is unduly subordinated to .society, we must still
■pronounce it to be an old phenomenon,
because in many primitive societies
and in' many ancient states, both iii
Greece, and Italy,, the subordination
of the individual to the community in
which he lived "was excessive. Or
again, if we define Socialism as a
systematic a discontent a;ad revolt
-against prevailing economic , condi-
tioiH.1 the wide.range of the phenomenon at the present, day may, give it a
un'owe place in history: but it cannot
n-'asonably be considered as a novel
The claim of"* Socialism' to be distinctly'a new movement may be regarded as resting, on two great facts
—the industrial ■ revolution and the'
development of the modern democracy.
F.sjlpric causes led to the divorce of
the worker from the land, which is at
once the' material of' labor and the
source of subsistence aiid;,of -culture.'
The discovery of Americafifcid 'of the
^sea-route to India opened u'pvast coun-'
tries to European enterprise and-colonization, resulting in- the establishment 'of a world^marKet, which again
gave fresh1 impetus'to the economic
goods created by the world-market particularly stimulated invention,-^ during-the course of.the 18th centn^y a
series of new mechanical appliances
brought the industrial; revolution into
full activity. -Th^'revolution is ..still
going forward. It is spreading'over
all countries in the world; and the motive-flower, electricity,, is already beginning to supersede steam.' - The,re-
sults-of the Industrial revolution,in so
far as they have a bearing on the present day subjeot may be thus summed
up. Production is no longer carried
on by' individual pr family labor for
local or family use. ■ The laborer has
no control of tho instruments of la-,
bor. ', Instead of working on his own
account with his own small capital,
he toils- \vi large factories and' other
undertakings undor omployors who
own^and -control tho capital embarked
In them. Industry is* carried on by
tho "united efforts',of thousands of
men,,and .is,, therefore,' no, longer an
individual function, but a social nnd
colloctlvo one. On theso grounds Socialists maintain that the enorgotic Individualism which originated and established the Industrial revolution has
boon superseded by tho results of that
rovoliitlon, Individual Industry Is no
longor tho normal or prevalent form of
Tho gonoral result of tho Industrial
rovoliitlon, therefore, has beon the
growing concentration of Industry and
of tho capUaKwlth which It Is carried
on; and tlie development of democracy
linsloued to Inspire workingmen with a
doslro for a larger share of political
power and for a fairer distribution of
tho moans of culture and happiness,
Tho rise" of Socialism as a modorn
phenomenon was. conditioned by tho
rovolutlbns, It was tho Industrial ro-
volutloji, which.had mado tho working pooplo thn victims of machinery
and tho factory, that Robort Owon had
olilofly In view;, tho groat aim of his
Socialism wiih to rondor mechanical ,ln-
.ventlon'subservient to human well-bo-'
Ing, Saint-Simon was a Frenchman
who had lived through tho troublos
mid oxoosBOs of'tho Rovoliitlon nnd his
theories woro mod clod by that groat
ovont, ^According to tho Saint-Simon
school a bettor sooloty Is iposslblo
only through the nbolllton of tho hereditary prlnclplo, by whloh rnllngielass-
on nrn frrvm rnnwnMrm tn pononiiMnTi
secured In tho possession of tlio good
things of tho world, whllo tho othor
classes aro handled, ovor to porpatuat
mlsory, Tlioro Ib only, ono way.to
brouk the fatal chain of tho continuity*,
and tliat Is 'to vest Instruments of tjto-'
ductlon In thff stato, wltlcfo yflll ftdmln-
1st or them for tho boneflt'' of (ill Its
mombors, Tho stato would dolegato
to associations tho practical Industrial
work, and oach man would be reward*
od according to his services, ,-,';?; ,
Tho system of Fountain's In sovoral
respects an "entire contrast.to that pf
3i.lul-Slii.oii, V/Ulli. tha - sohool of
Saint-Simon gavo tho stato the owner-
«blp and control of tho Instruments bf
production, tfournloi. loft tbo oapfttilln
private possession, thus, securing a
fretb guarantee for frpeilom, .but pro-
commune, or,;,l6cal7as8oclatloi_C whlcli
lie -called--the-phalange,' the xardinil
arid decisive, factor in "social- recoh;
Ktructio'n. v In the Saint-Simon school
th». state is tin point of departure :.u.d
th<> controllingjpower,! to - which - .ha
associated ' bodies tare ^subordinate.
With Fournier the" commune is substantive, self-sufficing, 'andTIndependent. The federal, organization,'into
wbich bis communes may enter is entirely voluntary.' In short;' Saint-Simon's ' is' a centralized; "Socialism.
Fournier's" is a communal,Socialism.
In this respect Owen .agrees with Fournier, Their theories,' however, never
really, took 7"root In the practical life
of the time."     ,,'     -    -/" "'     .'
The'French Socialism,of'1818 had
a solid basis in the real life of tlie
time; inasmuch as It entirely and enthusiastically accepted the domestic
principles..'- The first condition of the
Socialistic .proposals of Louis Blanc
was the'thoroughly democratic'organi-
zation of the state; the, first duty o£
such'a state was to place Its-resources'
at the service of the poor. The state,
he maintained', was the banker'of, the
poor. -.'Jn the social workshops which
he advocated, membership was to.be
voluntary; and they were to be flelf,
governing, "as became the' institution-
of. a democratic-state. ■'.It-Jias'now1
been fulljr proved that.Louis Blanc's
schemes never had, a fair trial, under
the republican" government of r<18487
The national workshop's were only a
travesty of his social workshops, expressly intended to discredit" them. '/,
While Blanc may';thu's be regarded
as the first historic advocate of the
vldlnk,against tbo abusw'-Ot'.Wlvato,
capital by placing it undof ;MC|»i <«»•
trol. And Fournier devised another
guarantee for freedom My making the
social-democracy, another man who
ua_ prominent,during the troubles ol
1848 must be*_o_i!;idered'as the founder of a form of Socialism still more
revolutionary. Proudhon first - associated Socialism -' with"' anarchism,
which holds that the goal of society-
is freedom without government. &'- .'
. After the revolution of 1848 .France-
ceased to be the pioneer in Socialist-
tic speculation and agita'tionV ' Ger-,
many, and Russia have, since 'pfoduced
the.foremost men in bothvdepartments,
of, "activity. The German thinkers,
Rodbertus/Lassalle/and Karl Marx,
undoubtedly take the. first place Mn
thn history of Socialism as the^ sclents
fie o.vt'iouects of'the subject,.and con-
these three names.' " To; them,' and
above all to Karl Marx|' we are indebt-'
edfor the prevailing forms of'contemporary-Socialism. ^ The, manifesto of
the Communist party,- -perbaps the
most violent revolutionary document
of the 19th century was drawn up by-
Marx and Fr. Engels in 1847-18,'-But
their work did not really become; historic till a later period. Lassaliei the
yovngest of the three, was' the-r first
to run a very remarkable career as the
founder of the social democracy of
Germany,. His proposals for 'tho
founding of productive associations
were substantially the same as those
of Louis Blanc, nnd were even" "to
some degree enforced by the same" arguments.' ■
Whllo Lassallo-therefore 'was greatly Indebted^.© Louli, Blanc ' for   his
practical schemes,   he   derived   this
theoretical principle to a largo degree
from Rodbortus and Karl Marx.   It
would bo unjust, howovor, to regard
him as un ordinary borrower, Wo may
point out that, whilo^Lnpsallo'dwollB
ohletly on tho.Bmall/Bharii'of.the result of production which goes to tlio
laborer as a subs! stance wago, Marx
find's the keynote of tho ovolutlon nf
oapltallsm In the'largo share which
falls to tho capitalist under tho namo
of sui-pluB value,    Both start from tho
opon contradiction ln tho Rlcardlan
economics, according to which labor is
tho sburco of valuo, but of this vnluo
tho laborer onlygots enough for. subsistence according to tho usual standard of living, surrendering tho ro-
mnlndor to Uio possessors of land and
capital,     Thoao deductions frbm .HI-
oardo formod nlso tho basis of tho systom of Ilobonttis,    In othor rospocts,
howovor,   ho   differed greatly from
Lassallo, and particularly from Marx,
Ills gonoral position was soolal, mon-
.irohlal, and national.    Tho Soolallsm
whloh ho advobatoil was a thorough
'going national Socialism,  Ho   pro-
posod , that tho two classes of landholders and capitalist's   should   con-
tlnuo to onjoy tholr present sharo of
tho national Incomo, but   that   tho
rosults' of an  Increasing production'
should go ontlroly  to -the   workors,'
Tho stato wouljj establish a normal
working day, a normal working day's
wbrk.and a normal wago, which would
bo periodically revised, nnd Inoroasod
neeordilnff +«.'tlu» .Innronsn nr prM.io'
tlon. ' In this way tho practicability
and superiority of a national Social-
Ism would bo shown, tho characteristic
nota of which "would bo that all Income should bo dependent on sorvlco,
as contrasted with tho ancient incomo
dorivodI from property in slaves, and
tho tndbmas of the oxlstlng era, drawn
from prlvato property in lnnd and capl-
.. During the last generation Socialism
has undoubtedly mado groat 'progress
throughout Uio -civllUcd world. Tbu
growth of the Socialist voting power
Iu Cbrauuiy waa vomuikubly onhlbUud
In January, 1018, whon 110 Socialists
wore roiurned to tho Reichstag/ Al-
though communist societies hnd exists
od from •arly^tlmes in America,; Bo-
clsilsn, in tbo modern senso waa first
introduce, .into, tho United States by
Immigrants from Qormaiiy,(l 850-1860).
lri 1868, dlsclplos of Lassallo foundod
an organisation, which, along with tbe
'uriited^to.form the -.Soclal/jp^nocratic.
Workmen's''paH tt:
1877,'b^came the SociaiisVXabor.Party,'
froih '.whicfi, ^boiii"twenty > years later
th'e'Sobiallirt'iparty^jBplit." , Both£these',
parties advocated the abolition^"!1 private property;in. :,tbe"means of product
tlon.^and'-' looked- to* the" struggler;-of
classes as the,process which is.to.realize ifcheif schemes, yThe ".strength of
Socialism In ;the';Uriited States was,-'
unui,i recerit^yearsi v Insignificant; i .as'
goodwagesAand. the^opportlinity jgiven
to settle on; tlie'land -and-.so to rise
above.;the'-1, wage earning -Iclass,; have
served to allay .discontent.".* The move-'
ment„in;fact. failed io'.attract'the sym,.
pathy of American workmen until the
rise.of, protagonists like -.Victor -Ber-
ger^ Robert Hunter, ^Morris Hillquit,
A. M, Simons-and John Spargo, and
recent economic developments > drew
serious men and women of-all classes
to look with favor on its teiiets/^There
has been since lOOi'only ono;great So-'
ciallst party,in itae.United States—the
Socialist party now numbering (1911)
67,000 members. A small body, of a
few hundreds,^ known; as the Socialist
Labor Party, still advocates, however,
the class war, ,The Socialist party
has now 42 state organizations with an
aggregate of 3250 branches. In the
last presidential election (1908) the
Socialist v6te,was about 447,652 out of
a total of about" 15,600,000.,'. In.the
elections., for Congress ..(November
lj)10) Victor Berger was returned for
Milwaukee,, Wis.; in the state election
of the' same year 30 Socialists were
rturned, chiefly for Wisconsin, .'There
are now 9 Socialist Party'-dallyVnews-
■papers,".3 of .which are in:English and
6 in the1 foreign.tongues../*;.'y S\'-
■-.'I--      -.''"I   "•'     V
' The general result, is that" outside
of Germany and Denmark the number
of avowed'and active' Socialists - is
comparatively small.. On.the'other
h.ivuV few will do'iir that the-'direct
"and indirect-influence of Socialism on
social, economic and 'political thought,
has been grea,t. -  ,   ,. • ; ;
'Looking .to "the main drift of speculation''W' this subject, both in. the
past and present, we" may briefly define, the fundamental principles- of- socialism a's-'foliows: v Socialism holds
that the present'system of industry,
which is carried on by^private competing capitalists, 'served by competitive
wage-labor,"must be superseded' by a
system of free 'associated, workers utilizing a cqllective capital'with-a view"
to an equitable" system of distribution.'
On'this theory-; capital will be abolish-,
ed; and. rent and interest will cease.
^Themethod of distributing,"the fruits
cannot'be distinguished from communism. ; But this, is not'an implicate "of,
the.historic 'Socialism.'.? \Several, methods of'remuneration professing to be
equitable have-been put forward, and
]each''member of an., association of
workers would be', free to use his special income as' he pleased. , In fact,
all such moderate wealth as would be
devoted, not,to production, but to consumption, might'be regarded as at the,
free, disposition pf the; owner. And
arpethbd of.dlst'plbutlbh which fixed,
the remuneration of .each, in propor-"
tion to liis services, might admit of a
very considerable variety In tho .amount, of ^Incomes.'.; Butthe individual
ownership'of capital and the free.dilsf-'
posal .of, it'an'd .'the individual appropriation and the possession of\ advantages derivable from private capital ln
the form of rent, and "intorcBt would
-. -$j, ..
K . ;' -COLEMAN,-Alberta^.
_.':'-'". Offlce-ln Cameron;pibck'
7 3yAll' Work,.Guaranteed|V;
:-:X^S SyS *y7S ■;£ . >,
''--JOHN" BARBER,7D..D.S./L D 8,"."SyT-rH
SS-'. S ".irDENTISTV" y_fy';,.>'y^'
Office: Johnstone and.Falconer.Block-;,.  ;V7
' ^(AbofeBleasdeR'siDrug" Store)'-IV" > 7k-r
• S-" <;.;.v.'^ - ■ - Phone i2i' ??, "x-Ayy.. STSTsi
■^i-:y-.r^y\- .    . ^  .-'■■-.i-^.--y- y--   :-s
.•;>,:*-. Hours:-8.30 toM ^2!to-5,^f.-l-'-J,::-.^ . .--
, 21r. -Victoria,.- Avenu^-1
.V   -"  '.- ~.*.,^' -:*--VV.
:•-■'-■ ,,,>;-"-% ■■ y.--"-y yy-1. ■■ •'.. -,
Barrister Solicitor, Notary, etc.
'-   Offices: 'Eckstein Buildlng.V"' r/
. ' - ' ,-• F'ernle;''B.C;"".,"-'.,- -,. -,'■ \'
F. C. Laws •-"
.  ,. \   LAWE, A FISHER
-,''.."  "ATTORNEYS ^
i       >■        *   \      ' -f
tf Fertile," B. C./'_
Alex, I, Fieher
-.- f i. -■    ., <\
.- -t.
L.    H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
nEGULATION S       '  '. 7 ..-.« .
COAL 'mining;rights of tho 'Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Aiberta, the Yulcon'Terrltory, the'North
West Territories., and in-a portion of
the Province of British Columbia.' may;
be leased for-a'term, of twenty-one
years at.an annual rental of.SX an acre.-
ot more.than 2,560 acres wll be leased
i one. applicant. -' -' -v^', "-'"->:
Application for a lease must be made
the --      ■    -
to one. applicant.
Application for
by ■ the   applicant   in   person   to, the
>£S_V_      \  _*_-_nt.   _k^      *U«      JI.l__.lol      t...
Agent or Sub-Agent of the, district in
which the rights applied for are situat- -;
ed. ' *'  .   - -       ■ 11.'
' In surveyed territory, the land must-be .
described by sections, or legal sub-divl-.-
sions  of sections; vand.'.in'unsurveyed ■ -' ,-
territory the tract applied for.shall<be
staked out by the appllcanthtmself.-    ,- -7
Each aplicatlon must be accompanied ' •■
by a fee of $5 which will bo refunded'if V
the rights applied for are-not'avallable, l-
but not otherwise? , A royalty shall be - "'
paid on. the merchantable output of the '
mine at the"rate of five cents per ton./-
The-person operating: the mine shall .:-:-_.,
furnish the Agent with sworn returns   * ,
accounting for the full quantity of mer-.i"   '
charitable coal mined an dpay the roy-  "• ■
alty   thereon. '..;If. the ,coal   mining.     '.
rights   are- not. being , operated, , such
returns  should:be  furnished  at  least   i
once a,-.year. •-,-_.
The lease will Include the coal mislng
rights only, but,the lessee may.be per-,-  •
mltted^to purchase whatever available '?.•'
surface rights: may; be considered ne-    ■'"
cessary ;for" the working of-the-mine   . _
at the, rate .of $10.00 an acre.. ■   ->.   , „•> ■
1 _For_ i_ f_ullj_ Inf ormaUon--_i-appllcatlon--:-_-_-.
slTbuld be made to the .Secretary, of the :■»
Department of the Interior, Ottawa,-or' ■'•••
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Domln-  --*•
Ion Lands.     •   -^   -      ', .',   ,,..-,    ._)■'.:
•-,' .      ' .y-   '" vr. w. 'Cory,'  ; ---'-^ 'i
; ^'Deputy,Mtnlster'of the Iriterlo:-.
N.B—Unauthorized, publication of this . >..
advertisement .will not. be paid, for.        ' ,.„
■ So far-as tho:movement has pro:
coeded wo may justly say tlmt lt has
bad the following ipormanbnt results:,
(l),It"lins'groi.tly bolped to glvo prevalence to 'tlio' IiistoricnVconcopilon'oT
political economy! . (2) Soolallsm lias
groatlyl deepened ] nnd widened ' tho
othlcal conception of political economy, It lias In, season and out of season taught that tlio entire technical
and economic' mocbnnlsm should bo
madosUrbovdlimto to human woll-bo,-
lng, rind-Hint moral Interests should bo
supremo over tbo wholo flold of industrial and commercial, activity, * (3)
Soolallsm 1ms brought tlio cause of tho
poor most powerfully .boforo tlio civilized world, - (4) Socialism has'givon
nn .oxlmuB.ivo orttloisin of tho oxlstlng
sooloty nnd of tho provalont oconomio
thoorlos. In many things tlio critic-
,ism has boon exaggerated, but lt hns
been nlso in many things most valuable Almost ovory oconomlo troatlso
now appoaring boars tho marks of So-
olnilBtlo criticism of tlio present society,
In short, Socialism is tho extension
to industry and economics of Uio froo
solf-govornlng prlnclplo rooognlsiad _n
democracy,, It la Industry of the pooplo, by tho pooplo, for tho peoplo,
When wo romombor that tho prosont
typo ot organization bus "taken more
rhan six conttirloa to attain tho'lm-
porfoot ronlleatlon, It will bo oJoar that,
lt, ennnot, succeed In tho Industrie
... i.',.',1.: t,  :.-r.,r.    >i .■   ',. i    .-   f *,.»**
r'd, bowpvor. ■♦bnt wn rrlti fp'tbe- mib-"
stjintlal beginnings of such an oconomlo ohdngo tn tho oxtonslon of social
oontrol through (l) tho stnto and (2)
tho municipality br commune, and (3)
tfl  41lfi  *»tvwf>1 /ft ttlff lffi.ff^t>ritt\'tf nyi.
tO|M.     .    \- .     }'       ',    ■      , ■
Bar Rupplied with  the best TWhies, '<
Liquors and, Clgiirs .        ,; '■'.'
Fernie Hotel
Best Commercial House.,
■ in the Pass
\.    <  y i"      .     ,
Excellent Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
and Hairdressing Parlor
Billiards and Pool
Ben Wallace
$100 Reward, $100
Tlit.reiidfr* of. Uilf PWt will b*i,pU|M4 tt
■on »bl» ta ear* In ill lit
it«"ra"«ttt twin hi
l<;»» frit*..,.,
'"'WW,  khjdI
rtirwiij »pnn ti
»!*..!!.••'!■. ll*
. i uiitut
netmt nrnt*» »f
i» tV wib' nm 	
(a murh Mil (a lt« mr<ill»» M»>f» lb*l ih»?
tjCt';l \):,m IIuMiwA |MU*H tmytf ««**■ lltut H
UIU lo r,,,,,,   gtpt fa, Ji,| ti t**|f|o<Wll>U,.
**iw* r. j ffffrninr * <v»,, *wp*io, o.
Trtt iieii-g r««l|y' r«« t» «ewtlj»l__A.
ii« (iiiljr iintjllvo riirp now known to tbe nim
•rtilif.   CiUrrh Mist, « msitlt^tkiii
r<H)«[rM    S    CDMlltttllMltl     f
iirts Car* I* tikm ntttsuli
ipnn ts* mom snS mn«e«i m
di,  .li«rrbr HMlroylns Iti* 1
.   «'!»♦, «IMT Klrlns IM IMttMll
itdlnr np ttm Himltwum IM •mninii n
.....       _._...        _.__.     '■«  B*'
, jed «»fl mi _ 	
wr wiir
- •        ii
P. V. WHELAN, Msnager.
it     <   ' I " '    '
.. Hot and Gold Watsr
Bleotrio Llghtsd
8tism Hasted.
♦Phona In avsry room.
«miii_I>(« Huttms on Mam
^   Busin«i|| 8tr««t
Meal Tickets, $7,00
•piclsl Ratis b/ tht w«*k snd
th* month and to Thtatrlcal par*
tfss.  Try «tir -•'.', .".*>•".*•
Special Sunday
Tha finest' of Wlrrn. Lfquon
•nd Cigars itrvttf by aamptttfit
and obtifllny \_vint els.k*.
&k-ys -
._,.'«,Ui<*' JV| •y ^£yt^^^&y^\
..yyy'.r.- '■;•--- ,7>';"; y ^/- --,'-'"■:_   ' >.'■- '-y'--r ,_?
-i**. "?V/ . _ /yv J'-i- . "•   '' /"   .„ ,'7- '■ '.\i  - .'■'-"'- •»
y p
'  '/!,
i i :■■. -
' -', 7 '• For' many\ years ii has' been ■ a mj lisP
, -tpmYat ;c6al mines to suspend opera-
f. 'tions on the''day,,of the.funeral 'of'a
aggregate of "over $5,000. In'this' movement-every- employe "Including the.of-
ficlals/jojned, and. the sympathy.' expressed ,-^in }$hls' substantial - way„ was
infinitely'more.practical,than the old
tilndy'"~': *y ^"^ ..'"•-, /' •-// _
J-'lt is triie'that"thi8 plan-has beeii'in
foroa at'" a "^w^'lndustrial .establishments,' and^ipossibly. at some'.mines,
; man. killed by accident in the:mine>
^-iNaturaily.'iii'thelcase of large-mihes
^.especially," but comparatively^ few of
; the!.,employesyvho- were   personal
■frlends^of • the fdeceased' attend "theV.butfitb'as. been far from general.. .'It
._,.._._!.,• r. m_.--_-_'__.._._.__. ,_.—_.,_  is ;avplan,"^hat;should .be, adopted at
every "collleix Wd, the amount each
individual'contributes should be such
a'sum-fas'will bV' of. material advan-
tage^to: the'widows and orphans". Regardless ; of any other • remuneration
which the widows.and orphans of mine
workers may receive, either through
benefits, insurance,"-or "other sources;
wben*. their wage earner "is killed, a
few- hundred .dollars contributed _by
the victim's fellow workmen is always
acceptable "and. of- real help.—Mines
and,Minerals.'-•''""-',. «""■ ; .t -'
.. funeraL, \ The result-was considerable
,' loss to the/op.era_ing company,-and
-'» the mine workers,""and; no benefit. '«-■
'',-cept'an intangible centimentalberiefit,
.'   accrued to the family, of, the deceased.
- .>' A,.commendable innovation was re«
..tcently-made'bythe.employes.of the
:, ^.Philadelphia and heading., Cbal   and
-'   Iron, Co.,'at-the Locust Gap Colliery;
. at Locust Gap, Pa;,;,    ,1   . 'y .,..,.
"y,> Instead of suspending,work on the
day of the funeral.-entailing aloss of,
•' "p $5,400 In wages for the employes,1 nuni-
' - bering "l,800, they; decided'to-remain.
at work, and to contribute", 25,-cents
.  each to ft'fund for*the benefit, of'the
widow, thus giving her the substantial
sum of $450 and saving'themselves an
ia a safe investment.
Christmas Excursions
.    _    •'    l 7     ,
S to Europe commencing Nov. 7
to Eastern Canada, Dec. 1
Th&Hreifieral Strike
.By Robert-Hunter'(Courtesy of the
Natonal Socialist) '-.:. ■* -. •/"" "
Fernie-Montreal, return, 72.15
Fernie - Toronto, return, 67.15
r'r.- Corresponding Low Rates'to points in ,"      ,
. Quebec, Ontario, arid! Maritime Provinces
J. S. Thompson, Agt.
:   * P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
: .:"'.    is.   o, COLEMAN, '*Alta.'" ;'
xBestl of Accommodation
\  .WeT cater to the>workingmaris trade
'yy-       •,..>•*•'        , , " k ."■*.    », ' -  '
G. A: CLAIR    . l''.Xt\[ X ^-Proprietor
Calgary's Best Florists
; Take this opportunity to get acquainted with you.    For years' we've
beon using the people of /Calgary Just right—hence our, hundreds of
<pleased patrons.     '..',. 7-■>'•"., -.-  ..-.'•   -■   •.'   ', ;"       ',   5
."For- Funerals, Weddings, "etc.,-designed, tjy 'our -own experts.' A., profusion of variety In-Cut Flowers, House-Plants, Palms—In fact anything yqu desire In this line are here At low prices,, , ■
ALL YOUR MAIL ORDERS to the extent of $5.00 and more sent by
, next* train..                      *
,'  to your Station.      _ ^
'  -Write lis your wants today
224, 8th  AVENUE, West, CALGARY.
--William'D. Haywood and other advocates of the general strike "invariably
call to'our attention tthe jeffectiyene'ss
of, this weapon in France, "Spain/ Italy,
and-Rbssia. Some have ,evep mentioned China and Japan. | '.Th'ey^tgll us
that in these countries there is' industrial unionism and that "marvelous results'have come to the.working-class
through the general striKe. - Of course
they do not mean the' general strike.
.All they mean is thatvarious craft unions or Industrial unions declare' sym-'
pathetic strikes. '    .
" . Now, it is ah "interesting fget, that
it >Is In exactly-these'countries that
labor- organizatioa is most backward.^
Unionism is there in its infancy; Even
fn France, the most developed ludus-
trlallyof ,the countries mentioned, the
trade union, movement is far behind
that'of Germany, Belgium, Denmark,
Austria, Britain, etc.   . '    '
Legien, tho leader of the great German unions, said, at the Itnernational
Socialist Congress, at Stuttgart: "The
French" Comrades 'are accustomed to
say, 'We have no organization, but-we'
have a temperament.'. "It is not with
temperament that one fights the, employer. As soon as the French have
an actual trade union organization they
will cease discussing, blindly, the general strike, direct action and sabotage."-
Vlegen, the Dutch leader, declared
at the"previous,congress, at Amsterdam,- "It" is not the representatives of
the strong trade'untou organizations
of "England, Germany and Denmark
who wish the general strike; it,is the
-representatives of France,' Russia and
Holland, where the trade' union organization is feeble or does not exist."
Chauvin, a French leader, makes the
same observation:
"Wherever powerful trade unions
exist, they do not speak of the general
strike; wherever they are unanimous
for, the general strike,' the trade unions are feeble. We, the adversaries
of the, general 'strike, are the most
active partisans of trado union organization. I,have myself organized in
Paris one of the.strongest of the trade
unions. If there were in Paris some
strong trade unions that would be the
end of" tHe influence of the general.
strikeists.'"' -    -.     7-
Iglesias, the best known Spanish Socialist, declares that_the_generaLstrike-
-Cgitation in Spain" is conducted solely
by the anarchists. - "They carry on,"
he says, "a constant agitation against
strike funds. -■' _What—they- want Is
simpiy that-the workers, made desperate1 by, fnmine and by refusal of the
masters ,to' grant them all they demand, should ,be driven to violent measures. What have been the results
of the attempts, at a general strike?
.Not one^ success'and always Immense
injury to the workers. Hore the dissolution of an organization; there lawsuits and persecutions; some other
place many 'militants' dispatched to
the cemetery or to' prison."
Speaking of tho strike at Barcelona,
he says: "T?.ere was not among these
thousands of, workers either unity of
thought or'plan of. action, After having thoroughly 'plagued the population
for days and days, tho workers hnd
nothing left but to .return to work,
without having obtained anything for
the metallurgists. The only result of
tbis adventure was bloodshed NIn several encounters between the workmen
and the soldiers, leaving many dead
and a great number of prisoners."
Greulich, the wonderful veteran of
the ;Swiss labor movement; deelat-es
that "all attempts at general strikes
have hurt the workers themselves destroyed organizations formed with dif-
difculty, and consequently- obliged the
workers to" toil, again at building up
theii;'movement." ' Wasting of power.
It is easy to demonstrate that there
where the general strike Is preached
the organization of the unions is very
much retarded. By the fruits one
recognizes the tree. • There where the
unions have acquired a sure power
and a certain vitality, tho general
strike is considered by the workers
as a Utopia.
"The general strike is a childish
fancy ' of poorly-organized workers.
The English workers lived in this
dream'from about 1830-1840, and they
made many times remarkable attempts
to realize this dream—attempts compared with which the 'general strike'
of today is but child's play.". They
covered entire industrial centers-and
stopped work in all the factories and
mines. The revolutionary energy was
not lacking in, them where they met
with resistance; they,besieged factories and'set fire to them;, they fought
valiantly" with the police and the military. \ And if the general strike had
been really a decisive power,-England
would.not have had enough soldiers
to render herself the master.   -
A short time ago, Gustave Herve,
the most daring and brilliant of all
advocates of direct action,.,jvrote of
the great German victories: Turning
In contrast to France, he said: "We
have, by means of our internal dissensions, our sterile discussions of
personalities, developed a party on the
one hand and a general Federation of
jjaboron the other, equaly stagnant,
with , equally "ridiculous inefficiency,
treasuries without money, journals
without readers, and have engendered
demoralization, skepticism and disgust.  .      "      '_        y    '
-"In truth.-LLbegin to ask myself if
with or great phrases of insrrection,
The   Season's  Greetings
I extend tny cordial good wishes to my many
friends and patrons with sincere appreciation of
their courtesies during 1912, and the hope that
continued prosperity and happiness may be the
portion of all during the coming year.
J. D. Quail
You Can Write Photo Plays and/Earn $25
or Moro Weekly
We Will Show You Howl
If you havo Idons—If you can THINK—wo will show you tlio secrets of Ibis fascinating now profession.
Positively.'no oxporlonco oMItornry oxcollenco nocossary.  No "flowory langunga" Is w«n.*rf
Tho demand for pliotonlnv* in t.*_i*m<^«« ur:!:.„:u.:, um oig nlm manufacturers nro "movi™
neavon and oarth""I» tholr atlemnts to pot pood' j^iotn \l> jy^-Jj' i»«J «Kir increasing domnnd. They
mv -.ftVtrmg |li)0 and moro, for single scenarios, or written ideas.
Wo havo rocolvod many letters'from tho film manufacturers, such as VlTAaHAPH, EDISON, K8-
SAMAY, LUniK, SOLAX, IMP, JllflX,, RH.L.ANOT3, CHAMPION, COMET, M13LII.S, etc, urging us
to send photoplays to thorn. Wo want moro writers and wo'll gladly tench you the secretR of mirpp«»
FOrt,»'Uttt..CATION." :'
Porhaps wo can do tbo sanjjo for you,    If you can think of only ono good Idea ovory wook and will
wrlto It out ai directed by us, and It soils for only |2B, a low figure, I
tmEHPV*  *"1(' youp n,m'' imd arfdrtst »* onett far tru copy   of
f*HGE our illustrated book,. "Moving Pleturt PUjwrltlrtg.w
Don't xrgno,    Write NOW aud learn Just what tbla bow profession may mean for you
Don't hesitate.
and your future.
direct action, sabotage and 'chasing
the foxes,'-we are not, after^L^rojn,a_
TevoiuTiSnary point of view, but, little
children beside the Socialist voters
of Germany?"       ' '      ,      „
Now, these quotations are given because they emphasize one point—that
the general strike ls a childish fancy
of poorly organized workers..    "Are
we' but' little children?"'asks Herve.
When to the infancy of tbe French union movement poverty is added, there
is reason enough why that movement
should be violent.   "The fundamental
condition which determines the policy
of "direct action,", says Dr, Louis Le-
vine ln his excellent' monograph on
"The Labor Movemont ln Prance," "Is
the poverty   of .French syndicalism.
Except the Federation du Livre, only
a vory few federations pay a more or
less regular strlko benefit; tho rest
have bnroly means onough to provide
for their administrative and organizing expenses and can not collect any
strike funds worth mentioning.     In
1908, for instanco, thoro wore 1073
Btrlkos; of those 837 were conducted
by organizod worklngmon.     Only In
forty-six strikes  was  regular assistance assured for tho strikers, and in
thirty-six cases, only wns tlio assistance glvon,In money,     The French
worklngmon, therefore, nro forced to
fall back on othor moans during Btrlkos.   Quick action, Intimidation, sabotage, nro then suggested to them' by
tliolr very sltmutlon and by their do-
slro to win."
Tbo groiitost gonoral strlko tho
world Iii.h over known was nt tho vory
beginning of tho trade union movement In KiikIiuh). Tho Amorlcnn Hallway Union w&a involved In a tremendous strlko almost boforo. It hnd bo.
gun its groat work of organisation.
Tho history of tlio Knights of Labor
nud of every othor movomont for organizing labor, shows the same thing
thnt wo now soo In Franco, Itnly, Spain
nnd ItiiHHln. Wherever tho workers
nro first orgnnlxod thoy resort to maim
strikes; nud every group tlmt, lias nt-
tnmptod to organise tho workers hns
hnd, sooner or later, to ndopt, rules and
regulations to prevent Btrlkos.
This In truo. nvon of the "revolutionary" Industrial Workors of tho
World, Truutniniiii, nt tho convontlon
0' J008, doolnrod thnt "tho organisation underwent so mnny so-called wild
strikes that It Is tho duty of thin enn-
vcurlim to ndopt such Inws ns will prevent Mirt pnHlnr» of o.fM"»» '.:;- i!rv „;;;
or by tho dotprmlnnllnn of two
itii'dM mon, . . , , If nny individual
may cnll n rtriko, or If any organisation may bo . 1 unitized and precipitate
a suukkIo we may Just as woll sny
'dlwbai'dP . , . . Thf>w tni.flt i>" « >•?
f'<f course, what Wi.ilnm D. .Iny
wood calls thn genornl i: strikes of
Franco, Itnly, Spnln and else whoro, sro
not gonoral strikes In any sonso whatever, Thoy nro llttlo moro than wild,
unruly and dUoijunUed mob?, who
leave their workshop for a time "to
descend," uh Umy my in Kroner., "Into
tho stroot.','
Tbey are tho product oft mob psy
chology that seems to'be,.aroused to
action whenever ami -wherever the
workers first begin to realize the faintest glimmering , of solidarity. The
strike of the A. R. II, 'was a master-"
piece of organization compared with
most of tbe strikes in Russia, Spain,
Italy or France.' The recent great
strikes in Britain, the Dockers' strike
in London in. 1899 and-the recent
Swedish strike are all masterly de^
monstrations of what -really organized men^ can do.- But the strikes
which have been, called to our "attention as examples for ' the American
movement to follow are but diseases
of an infantile trado unionism.
For some reason, the recent advocates of such mob uprisings fail to
mention that nearly every such strike
has been followed by reaction. As
the. officials of the Industrial Workers
of the World were forced tb' call out
for regulation to prevent utter ruin,
so have all other actual organizations
had to do likewise, after the early
spasms of revolt. Every single'trade
union in England, after the general
striko of the Owen period, pleaded
with the workers to forswear strikes
forever. ". , , ,'Keep from It (striking),' said the stone masons of England, 'as you would from a, ferocious
animal that you know would destroy
you. .... Remember what it was
that made us so insignificant in IS 12,
.... We emplore,you, brethren, as
you value your1 own existence, to
avoid, in every way possible, those
useless strikes Let us have another
year of earnest and attentive organization; and,- if that does not perfect us,
we must have another; fbr it is a
knowledge of the disorganized state of
workingmen generally that stimulates
the tyrant and the taskmaster to oppress them.' A few years later the
Liverpool lodge invites the support-of
all members for the proposition 'that
our society nb longer recognize strikes.' .... The Portsmouth lodge c-.ps
this proposal by insistinj, not only
that'strikes should cease, but also that
the word 'strike' be abolished. The
Flint.Glass Makers' Magazine between
1850 and 1855, Is'full of similar, denunciations. 'We(, believe,' writes the
editor, 'that strikes have been tlie bane
of trade unions.'"
It is the fear of just such appalling
reactions, which invariably arise from
a stunned, defeated and exhausted labor ■ movement, that has led every constructive Socialist and trade union
leader in this country and in Europe,
to deplore the general strihe agitation. „ "The question of the general
'strike," said Legien,' at the International Congress of 1900,,"is not at this
moment discussable for this very sinv
-p!e-reason-that~wlfe~irone * seek_Twar
it is first necessary to begin by form-
ng the battalion which can fight. So
long as the working class do not possess numerous and powerful trade unions, it will be deslrable,only In the Interest of capitalism to declare the general strike, becauso this general strike
can have only one consequence, and
that will be to dellvcr<-the working
class into the hands of the capitalist,
who will shoot It down or Impoverish
It." ' '
Legion ended by advising, "Organize
first";, and, turning to tho advocates
of the general strike, ho added; "You,
French and Itnllnns, who wish tho general .strlko—you hnvo only to commence by recruiting your armies."
By Garl D. Thompson
Ono of the conundrums that, Is
mighty hard for tho average Cltlzon to
nnswer thoso days Is this: Why doos
any big corporation or comblno nppro-
aching the power of monopoly make
any effort to resist a Btrlko or evon
resist tho suggestion of a strlko on
tho part of Its workmen?
In order to mnko the answer almost
Impossible, tako a look nt the Immediate results to tho nntlirnclto coal
trust following a short Btrlko of Its
minors about n year ago,
Aftor tho mon had been out long enough to nllow for tlio cleaning up of
accumulated supplies, the iiiauaKors of
tho trust, of whom (ioorgo V, Pnor Is
the big bauH, throw up lierrlMoil oyos
nnd hands, mado horny, In spots by
clipping coupons, and snld: "You win."
Thoroupon thoro' wns nu iuorunHo In
the nntlirnclto 'minors' payroll aggregating the sum of $fi,..0,00. nnnunlly,
Dut, nlso, thereupon, thono cmiIIoiih-
fingered financiers, rapidly recovering
from the shook of bolng hold up by
tho minors, iVrocoedod to recoup thorn-
solvrm—recoup, Hint's n 'Word usml In
high finance, and ItmoitnH get. evon,
nnd got «von n-p|oiity--|»y adding So
conts n ton lo tho prlco the public was
compelled to pny for nnlhrnrjte coal.
Tho annual output nf the trnnt mines
Is about 00,000,000 tons.
So tho tubulated account for that
Atrllco stauds thus:
Higher pay to minora .... J 0,440,000
Higher cost of conl ,  15,000,000
| Higher trust, profit*  *«.r,<.n,<.no
n' iNow, why should a monopoly resist
a atriko? That's tho conundrum.—•
Fresno Labor .N'owii.
Everywhere Socialist literature. •
Pamphlets, platforms, big', posters,
newspaper articles on Socialism every
where.       , • _'-■.,.
_>_•*, .--,-•'
'And every where - folks are talking
Socialism. • And tney are not sneering about it as they used to five years
and ten years ago. They talk seriously and respectfully.
Among the business and travelling
element' the conversation generally begins  with;
"Im not a Socialist, but I want to
tell you—etc., etc.
Then follows a very Interesting and
refreshing Indictment of the present
system and -usually of the old parties.
This Is generally followed by-^ -
"There are some things about Socialism that aren't just right—maybe
a little radical and extreme, but. I
want to tell you—etc., etc.''   °
Then follows a statement of just
about what the Socialists stand for.
Doctors, teachers, lawyers and farmers—as well as wage-workers, are talking.
And they talk about Socialism.  .
It is coming to be the real object of
their faith and their fight.
And they'are /beginning to work for
it. They arrange meetings. They
distribute literature. They conduct
debates; on the street corners, at the
shops, behind the plows, in the schools
^-everywhere.*"'     ■>
They argue; and no one can argue
them down. So their . faith grows
•The fires of a new enthusiasm are
burning brightly. They are talking
earnestly, emphatically. Their talk
Is the kind that brings a clenched"
fist down in an open palm—a palm
tliat is not soft nor lily white either.
"Something has got to be done!"
they say. .
And something is being done.
They are'thinking.'
And talking, and writing, and distributing literature on Socialism.
* * n * * *    '
In a little cabin far out in thc country in northern Wisconsin, the other
day I met a man—a little" old man-
he made me think of the pictures I
had seen of Tolstoi. ' His' heavy
white hair and beard, his. jeans jacket and overalls, his humble home ana
little farm in the woods, made him the
picture of the American peasant,
But his mind',was a dynamo. His
_b_ecsonaIity-a-tower-ofT.trengu_: r~
On his littered table wore some of
the best magazines and books of the
world. And he now and then arose
in his virile assaults upon "the inhuman systems of the governments of
today and of yesterday—for he was a
student of history, too—and paced his
cabin floor.
A full-blooded Plymouth Rock rooster and his brood strolled Into the
opon door not knowing that' his usually friendly master was discussing
great problems of state — and was
promptly assaulted as the nearest object that could bo mado to Illustrate
tuo rapid exit of tho capitalist wrongs.
For tholrty years this mental dynamo has made light In these northern
woods. A light that no ono would soo,
But now they nro welcoming lho light.
And In every section thoro aro such.
Other lights glenm out. And the people nro looking for light.
Everywhere we havo placed thorn
they are' shining now.    And the, peo- (
'pie are profiting by them.  '• '„■" '£ /S.
Every, piece of Socialist literature,*^;
every book pamphlet; every speaker..
and write> is a light that is welcome.
now. ,     y '■'),'"'  "!;£'"""
, A»d so they go forth to our'p'eopley
in the factories, on -the farm_i-^yeryy_y ^
where, saying with Mazzinin: - 7-7yX'--7
"I hold up a light that has \'bofarS
kind to me.. Go diffuse it freely.''''Aiid;-^
the blessings of God and your country,;,',a
be upon you.", ' ..     '-'     ,'Y.'7*!:":
•V _ w &fe f
•\ VjCWVy'
Have you heard about Peps ? •
Peps is a new scientific
preparation put up into tabloid
or pastille form, which provides an entirely .pew tj.nd
effective treatment for coughs,'
colds and lung and throat
There is no connection
between the lungs and the
Suppose something were
wrong with your stomach—
say indigestion, or ulceration
—would you think of taking
some medicine which went—
not to your stomach, but to
your lungs?  Certainly not I
Why then, when your lungs
and chest are affected, should
you a dose your stomachyan
absolutely separate onuan —
with medicine? Is it not far
better to treat the ailing organ
direct ?
vtda a, direct       ^HH^fepASMBtf
treatment for
coughs, coldti,
mid nil lung,
chest and
throat troubles. Peps
contain highly medicinal
essences and
pin« extract*
into tablet
form. You
put a Pep on
your tongue,
e.nd as it
slowly dis-
solvca, these
.volatile essences turn
into vapor.
You BREATHE tho remody to your
aowailiiig lung*jHjjoJ^n&tjiwallow.itlto your Stomach, which ia not ailing.
(Seo dincrr.m,) The healing fumos, thus
iireatlicci down, bathe tho delic_.t<i, inflamed membranes of your breathing-
tubes and pass right on to the tiny passages of tho lunge—a courso no liquid or
solid mediciuo could possibly take.
Peps fumes are healing and antiseptic. They heal gore ticsuo and kill
disease, germs. Peps btlng pine-for^t
fumes to your homo, instead of you going
to tho pine forest!
For that cold, that ni^ht cough,
th'it touch of bronchitis! don't^doseyour
utomach | Tlio troublo lio.t in your
lungs. " Peps go to tho lungs
diroctand will euro you.
All druggists and stores 50o box.
Write for free wmpU to Peps
4 Cor, 'Toronto, or 62 Princess St., Winnipeg. Sond
only lo. otainp for
po-Uag.tand oncloio
ihis udvor'
t Homciit
Pupils prepared for Academic Examination
at reasonable, terms
Miss M. H. Williams, £* A. B.
Cm* of W. P. Wllllmiw
the Best of
Kino Neckwear, Sox, Cups, Un<ler\vo{ir, Shirts, Suit**,
Trunk*, (.rips, Moot* & SIiook, come lo
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
Everything h'oM with a miarantee that if not N/ifis-
fiictory, you can return it ai.d get your money back
1843 Broadway
■nUttf IW cofM. <«*• MM*. w4 Mali
th. throat anJ lunn.      n
M tants
J_v.iry WAB"o.work*T In Hr.tii>.t rv-i
uiiitiia Hhotild bo a mombor of a union.
Tho union I* whnt tho membt_.-i.hlp
mnUo It. If working condition!, nro to
bn Improved, If wage* oro (o bo In-
rrwmoil, if loftlHlntlon In to b« xicmrod
It muit be mndo tho bimlnomi of lorao
ono to do ... This ..t-r iftplta tax, to
the Individual, li fnriffnlftcant, but tb«
n_r_"rct;;--i: huh »_._._.<•_» it p&ttlbto to
employ tlio mont competent of mem-
bernhlp to tecum for wngtvworken
whnt they thnmi^Iren havo not Ihe
time to ko efter. Jti.it ni the bl* cor-
iwntlcm* employ wild.on and Mlftr-
nf#f nn mupt (tie ttad» union* employ
r#pre#enMtlTM to took after the In-
te.fl»U ot their won.boni.iIp.
mm> *       \*m0*  fltmtt St dli «Nb Waff
Wc dim a full line uf
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103
Frank, Alta.
t.? i
i. ii
1r, li
!«151J-*    ^
..fr_..«,•»'■*(■-*"" __F:yWf'^l-■l,■-   ,    ,——»»i«»i*_____i
-    -g-'.y.,".-.-
•■* -*,>-}(-.
, ••    •   -' y-     . .-; ----"•_■ y- ,';>-7yy;'"*-»-
■ty y---. -••'-.-
.. - - P .     -„ \
-i  -r\'"
- ••• ~,
'7    -.■. ,~ .^   -"<r-? .      ."j   "_.' ".'   ' '. 'nn 'I 'j. nm 1   1  # 1,111.  1  mmwi 1      .miw
"'"-;V     u ,".;-   ,l   '"   -    "j? ..■" ■*-:   ■;;,-     •   ,%H      -*V.-    >-.<   .-f ""v ;• '    ,\:1«   -   -'""_■    '.',"  --''
-j'\*r. ~- ..' ~'y7, '    ' .-y„ "'*'?"'. _. *y" ■ S* "~\S '•' «".-' "  7'-" ~ '    -- "
;'"-' '^X-'i-
,y 4l>':!-'
-- .'tJ'fr
. >yf"
->'-    fir,
eh L. Humble
■„ Dealer in    M  -     -       , y
,-   y .~;\'- ;■ y ,?    ^ ;'"
Stoves &, Ranges
; Fancy Goods and Stationery     "
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Gall in and
see us once
Fernie-Foit Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
%   1 positively cure throe-fourths ofl
•all the c.is.»s'tl){it are absolutely in-j
-curable by any methods other than?
0those I employ. I tlo not care whof
•has treated you or how long or by"
-what menus he has twated you,
the probability is that I can ,curel
iyou, and I will bo able to speak)
definitely in the matter when I
'know the details of yonr case.
Write for. Free Book
If you can't call Jit my office]
Iwrite for my book, which describes!
|my method. All letters are givenj
{special attention. , '
Howard 8t., Spokane, Wash.
By, Plebs
Z    210 H
Large Airy Rooms &.
Good Board
Ross & Mackay 5»
, _.
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenuo
FERNIE, B. C.       Phone 34
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found  In such  a display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welders and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
*, There are two systems, and,only
two.Hinder which any Industry is, or
can be,,run. • '"'..- . •• "
' - One is private ownership br. capitalism,',, under which a few' individuals
called a firm," or a number- of stock-,
holders, called a corporation, own all
the buildings, machinery, tools, etc,
which are used in making the product.
1 These owners, who are' known as
capitalists, hire other men to do the
manual and mental labor necessary,
and give them a part of the product
which' is called wages. _ -
The owners or capitalists--keep the
rest of the product which ,js called profit. '   <„ ■
The wages of the wage-earners are
determined hy competition; that Is,
when an employe is wanted, and ten
arnly for the job, the man, woman or
child who. the employer thinks will
do the most work for the least pay will
get the job'. So you see that under
private ownership wages constantly
tend toward the smallest, amount
which the worker can work for and
keep alive on. The price of the product used to be fixed by competition
also, .but this is not, as a' rule, true
today, because the owning'class, which
is not like the working class, driven to
a fierce competition hy the fear of
starvation, have learned that they cm
mahe much larger profits by combining and agreeing on the price of the!>•
product than they can by competing,
whii-h always lowers prices.
For :he past twenty years this coji>-
tryhas tried to destroy combinations
and restore competition, with the .result that the attempt has been a complete failure, for the simple reason
that, there is no known method under
the capitalist-system whereby two or
twenty men' can he prevented from
coming together in private and fixing
the price of the article which they sell
and selling it at that price.
Let us now look at.the industrial
system known as collective ownership,
or Socialism. This Idea is now partly operative in the publicly owned post
office, the public schools, the public
roads and bridges (which were once
.privately owned), the police system,
the public fire department, the public
water works, and the Panama Canal.
The Socialists want, the same power
to dig the copper and the1 coal and
the oil wells that dug the Cuiebra cut.-
They want the highways made of steel
"Hill owned and operate'dn_)yth|™pul>"
lie, like the highways made of macadam. They want the mills and factories that make the boots and shoes
and the clothing we wear, and the
brick and lumber we-'must build .our
houses of, to he owned and operated
by the same power that has shown Itself capable of building and operating
such a complex machine as the modern battleship.
And we want them democratically
Now, why do Socialists, want us to
own and operato those industries for
our own benefit 'instead of allowing
a fe\v peoplo to own arid operate'them
for their own profit? Does not tlie
question answer Itself?     This is tho
reason. " The owning class"un£er„pri-
vate ownership is_ under a constant
temptation to do three things. '; y
; 1st. To increase* the' price of the
product, because-that means more profit."    -    ,, ,   y _ 7.    ..;,.• y-
2n. To decrease wages to the lowest possible"1 point,-because that means
more profit.- ','y _.-.; "".,'; :■ ' "
' 3rd, r To adulterate the goods and
cheat on the quantity, .because that1
means more profit. '.      .   "  , \
Under collective ownership no one
would have- the' incentive." to' do_ any
of these things because the people as
a whole would own-and control. '^Can
It be doubted that the people would
insist on having prices as low as pos-1
sible, wages as high as possible, and
goods as good..as,possible?
The wage-worker receives under private ownership less "than one half
of what he.would get-under collective
ownership/for the simple reason that
under collective ownerslilp there would
be no individuals standing between
the worker and his earnings to absorb
Ihe larger part of them.
Whenever we, the people, shall decide to have our food, our clothing, and
our shelter-provided at cost, instead
of paying over one half profit, we can
do so, Just aB we now have our education ' at cost, and ur postal service
practically at coBt. 0 - -
. But, you say, I am sure that my employer doesn't get all the profit that
you say he does. ,   ' >     "  "•    '
No. your employer doesn't get1 it
all or nearly all, But did you ever
stop to think' that your employer has
to .pay a profit on the factory and land
he occupies, called rent, a profit on
the gas • and electric light and coal
he burns, a profit on the raw material he buys, a profit on the tools, machinery and every other thing he uses,'
and that if we collectively owned land
and factory, supplied gas, electric
light and fuel at cost, and suppiied
tools, machinery and all supplies at
cost—did you ever stop to think that
this abolition' of profit wuld mean a
reduction of the cost of living to you
of more than one half?
Now the Scialists cannot accomplish
this all at once, but want to -commence
and carry on as,.fast ns possible the
process of transferring the various industries from private to public ownership. . . .
-   How?    ' -   ,     -     "
Well, there are three ways:
1.   Confiscate them, as we did with
the slave property in the Civil War."
"""27   ]_^^hem~;pWnF*boMs*"Ih—payr
ment, to be .paid gradually just as we
have'lbought our water systems."
3. Establish government factories
to sell at' cost, which would put privately owned industries, which must
imake a profit! out of existence.
When the people decide to have Socialism they will also have the opportunity- to decide'which method
they prefer .to bring It about.
Meanwhile the number of believers
in collective ownership grows every
year, and the Socialist party, the only
party which stands for this principle,
invites all who bellevo In lt to support
this great movement by the only feasible method, tho expression of their opinion hy means of the, BALLOT.
bullets andlcluh's:' AUJtiie powers "of
government *Have^b~een\;ased' against
U3,and when, we 'appealed'-to' th.s' law.
they coolly; told;.us "that they wereahe1
law; .that theyJwere.,the' constitution;;
in.faot, that they| were pur 'piasters'.:'':"
Let usvtaW a'-loolc"ibacKfalong' the"
corridor of .years^and "hflrig'to'mihd
the • Molly -MaguiresiC, Cripple Creek,
McKee's Rock, thC'/lrWln^Districkof'
Pennsylvania;- and- many "others; not1,
forgetting the'bull, peris arid the other,
forms of torture used Ho make ,'us.Buh-:
mit to the mandate of'orgariized'greed.
, Where • were* our'- parliamentary representatives in"; ^ these %: 'strenuous
times ? Did. they, Vither.- by -word or
action," come to' our assistance? Very,
rarely, indeed." * Arid , yet, and yet—
what, irony!—we still find-" the ."working class returning these men to "power, to perpetuate a system-' that has
taken lltle -children' .from-the" school,
and-, placed, them in the factory and
mill, to -'wring out more profits for tho
parasites;■ a' system ■ that bias robbed'
mail' of his individuality) and made
him a part of a vast social machine;
a system that respects neither flag nor
boundary lines, whoso ramifications
extend to the uttermost parts of the
earth, sparing neither man nor beast,
Behold him! King Capital!
But there ls an awakening taking
place. The toilers of every land aro
shaking off the stupor of ignorance
and' superstition, and straining at the
bonds,of their captivity. -.,      »
The dawn "of a nevf>era Is at hand,
when, they will arise in their might,
and banish forever a system that has
kept them-in bondage for "a thousand
years. ,
^Then Labor, by birth, will be.King
of the Earth. ' ' '
Speed the day—by an intelligent use
of the ballot.'   ,    ,   7 .      "•' "       ;'
i ■   .. - -
•?i-;vt .■^•' T-
H^'j'^A N N U"Ar.'-'-E7A8.T E R.N, ..EX C U R S'1.0 tiS'S'iSy
--.~y!.:y,. ,;, ,. .*^y yi:.,_:y ":t< r^lyV V .../--. .r-''7"^
.'..FERNIE to TORONTO and .Return ^_^.?;;%. ^;,i;Vr,/.,v.>$67.157
^•"errWlSlp'tR' MONTRP_il:''anW-R_i.iirri>'';*»i''; '.'^VA--':.."^?1.'^. -Jk?9' IK    '
f  * *  • •  .
i- - -Wr 7
&' .FERNIE'to' MONTREAL.;and- Return V
y ■-"'••'j ;>" "*;,      ■ -'tr-'>".^-',-,". '•.'_.■."• \-■ ', ",--',-;i -;A -;-   i-.- -!■'<■; ' -.,        •   .
\-^ Corresponding." low;' rates -"to. points 7in ''Ontario,' Quebec ■ and'-.Maritime' -,'
yr~ ,,-y-"' y. •/ '-Sr- y'<.Xi-yPrpy\t\ctB_7/. «.7y- "Vy.y^ v.7?._ y
'^..-Tickets ori-,Sale December. 1st„to-31st, inQlusiveT'-'Goodf to .returnlO
"7 within'three" m^ .'
*■> '• • .Tic^otsissued - ihlcoraectl6VfVlth-_,Tr^»Atlantic' trips' on. fialej Nov.' -:
-r.,7th;td;Dec.\31st .'inclusive',?)in:d.afntfted.to-'five^'months.from^ date of:^
I:■■"is'suei.^Uh'''l)rivlIeges,of-exJ_en8^on'.', •Ty.-TyTS.-y-. /Ty1 S7SX^7^ -S''"
y For full information, rail arid steamship'tickets; apply' to:-? -'''■'/. " *;':
', ;-R. READING/Agent, F^me^EX!.;, or write'-to-R.^G." McNELLIE,- :
v District Passenger.Agent, Calgary, Alta.  , y    „ . -y .; ,' ' y - 'y.\
A .'.,
7 • f
y fy
y-iry -«■.
Livery, Feed
onH Colo Qfohloo
Flrit dais Horset for Sals.
Buys Horses on Commlslon
George Barton    Phone 78
Ivsry eenvanl«nc« end comfort, jutt
Hh* bting at heme.   On* block
from Pest Office.   Csntr-
ally located
tf. A, WILKES,  •   Prepttetor
PELLAT AVE,     .     .    -     FKftNlt.
A Flash of
Is Just ns likely to strlko
tlio houso of tbo uninsured
man ab tlmt of hla moro prudent neighbor. No building
Ih Immune,
Better Have
you and havo a lightning
clause nt.Udied to tho policy.
Then you needn't worry ovory
*!l72"  f?? '*.**'*  !"  ^   ♦ ti n ti .1 a pfif r\»»tn
Sol© Agent for Fornlo
Political Action Most
Effective Weapon of
the Working Class
W,    WIDU0W80N, Aatayar and
Chamlat. ttot C HOI, N»J»on,    Ii.    a
rf,«r_r<»i!—f-old, SIW(.r. I>art or Coppar,
•»eh.     <.<.la>MlW«r, ut HHv#»-.,•*-.,
It.     J»tIcm for othar matala: Coal,
ramant, VlrMlay analjraaa on appllea*
By Jamon RobortH, Moyie, C, C,
Yoii, nnd not only tho mo»t ofl'octlvo
weni<or of tho working class, but of
tho parasite claBH also, Tho powers
thnt bo havo realized Ub effectiveness
long ago, whoroas tho working claBB
liayo only recently began to mako an
Intelligent uso of tho ballot, ami to
realize that lt monnfl muoh, In tho
liroHont order of things,
It Ib about tho only tiling tliat tho
master duns come and hope from us,
It suroly muBt bo worth something
to thorn, whon thoy aro so anxious to
Hocuro It, And wo poor Innoconts
hnvo folt flattered whon tho old par-
ty'H candldato camo along and ad-
droHsod uh Ui tho old familiar way of
"Hollo, mil," or "Dan," ob tho on«o
might ho, and nxtondod to ua tlio ovor-
rondy Rind hnnd, nnd anxiously In-
anlrort as to our wolfnro, not, forgot-
ting to toll un of tho "wnvo ot prosperity" that will swoop tho country If
tho grand old parly Is roturnod to
powor. Novor mind tho grant., that
will bo mndu to nssiut Immigration,
und tho Boy Scouts, otc.
Wn hnvn In thn rmNt fnllon fnr nil
this, and choorfully handod over tho
g(>ode, and tho candidate, It roturnod
to tho houso, as ho usually is, qulotly
piocidft to for«ul you, aud dovotos
his ..n*rgl«8 tn tho IntoroRts of big
hw.vi-PBs, who nrft endeavoring to got
u strange-hold on tlio natural resources of tho country. Tlut It will take
moro than a clay iilpo and tobacco to
do tho trick this tlrno.   Nuf nod.
Now, what nro wo going to do nbout
Wliut did lU HrltUh trade unlm.Ut.
do, nftor tho Tuff Volo decision win
rt-ni-ermt hkhIuhI Um.i»iV
Tboy had to do something, mighty
quick, or go out of huslnrss. no thoy
adopted tho only logical courso, vl?.,
political action,
Thoy found tliat tha lav**, uh thoy
alood. ,wtl«i WVllUiU lu U_t_ LiUuVtiU
of tha propertied class, therefore they
nt thft first opportunity ojectod roprt1*
sontatlvoa of their own class, to wrlto
tho laws ln tholr lntorosts, and by tho
way, they got results.
Thoro Is no doubt tn my mind as to
Its offoctlvonoss,
Tho Old Ago Ponslon Act, tho Amended Compensation Act, and the Insurance Act, all Bpoak for themselves,
and many others,
What's that I hoar you say? Only
Yon, my frlond, "pnlllatlvoa," If you
will, hut thoy spoil progress.
Romo wub not built in a day; neither
will tho emancipation of the working
class ba accomplished In a day,
You toll tho old ngo pensioner that
It Is only o, palliative, and he will no
doubt nnawor you thnt tho flvo shillings por weok looks good to him.
Thero may ho a good tlmo coming
but wo havo to llvo In tho meantime. '
Wo may havo diverse opinions n« to
whothor direct action or political notion Is tho proper courso to pursue,
but when tho quostlon Is carofully analyzed ln all Us difforont phaiios, tho
only logical conclusion I can cotno to
Is that tho ballot Ib tho most effective
wnnnnn nf thorn nil.
The men of tho pnBt hoi loved this,*
nnd thnt Ih why thoy fought and sut-
fared, that thoy might oxorclso the
franohlBo; but little did thoy dream
that thn working clnss of tho futuro
would make ro llttlo uno of tt.
Wo liavo sold our herltngo for n
moss of pottage. It Is tlmo to call n
halt, nnd ncqult ourselves llko mon,
Wo hnvo a duly to porform, not only
to oiirsotvos, but to our class,
I/Ot us select men of our class to
ruprissttnl u«—rn«n who know oome-
thlng of our strugglo for oxistonco;
mtiii who know our.alms *uul lupda-
tions; man who havo graduated from
♦he mine, the mill and factory. Then
will wo get Justice, and no sooner.
Tho master class ha..«, In the past,
treated ui with Impunity. Thoy iar«
i_u.i_u.u_ ul u* uud ukllud ua tho (tliterate mob. They have met our pony
efforts to redress our   wrongs   with
In spite pf the importance of industrial processes and - labor, conditions
upon the health of the "community,
our knowledge and statistical data are
meagre, an-d this is due largely to the
following .causes:- « -
' (i) With few recent exceptions, occupational diseases are not under the
law reportable to the health authorities. (2)' Physicians are not sufficiently familiar with industrial processes,
or even witVthe processes in trades
designated as dangerous, so that they,
fail to recognize -.the relation of morbidity to occupation. (3)'Statements
of occupation or morbidity and mqr-
-talityLrecorda are'too general or inac.
curate to be of any- great value. - (4)
Inspection of industrial establishments
is, as a rule, carried on by men entirely unfamiliar with health matters. (5)
There is a.- lack of realization, both
among employers and- employees, of
the "dangers involved in certain processes.      "
Massachusetts has now for' seven
years carried on careful investigations
on occupational hygiene. In. 1907, the
late Dr.' Charles Harrington submitted
a report to the'Massachusetts legislature which dealt ln a systematic manner with the effects upon the. health
of operatives In the various,Industries
of Massachusetts. In tho same year,
a law was enactod whereby the state
was divided Into 15 health districts
and a physician was appointed ln ench
district as State Inspector of Health,
Massachusetts was thus tho first
state ln th© Union to recognize that
sanitary Inspection of factories Is essentially a health matter, nnd Bhould
bo under tho charge of tlio central authority of tuo state. During the five
yoars of their work tho Stato Inspectors of Iloalth havo carried on extensive Investigations ln which spocial attention was glvon to the health of
young persons, employed in Industrial
ootabllshmonts. Ab a result, a law
waB on ri c tod In Massachusetts whereby minors aro excluded from trades
and processes doslgnatod by the state
board ot health as Injurious to health.
What Is Needed ,
To protect tho workors from tho 111-
cffoctB upon, their health from Industrial procoRSOB or unsnnltnry conditions tho following .mcftBuroB should
bo adopted: % '
(1) To colloct comploto und acour-
ato data about conditions undor which
the various IndiiBtrlos nro oarrlod on.
(2) To obtain moro accurato an<l detailed Infornwitlori relatlvo to occupy
tlon on morbidity and mortality ro-
Cl To Instruct tho medical student
In this Important flold of provontivo
madlolno by a courso ot locturos on
tho moro Important Induutrla! process-
os and tho dlsonnos to whloh thoy glvo
(4) To placo the specific Industrial
dluuauu on tho list ot dlsoason notifiable to tho contral honlth authority.
(B) To examine periodically all
workors In nontnln Industrlns, theso
Industries to bo named by tho contral
health authority.
(ti) To excludo minors and women
from certain Industries which.arc designated by tho contral health authority as Injurious to health.
(7. To have udoq.mto laws rcgutat-
Ing sanitary condition* nnd protoetlvo
devices In Industrial establishments
nnd lo hnvo such laws Intolllgontly on-
(8) To havo tho central health authority issue regulations for cortalti
dnngorous trades with Instructions to
employers and employees haw Lo
guard themselves against tlio III effect* of tholr work, and to hnvo such
Instructions posted In the workrooms.
- (9) To «arry on an oxtensivo educational campaign both among employer nn»f omptoy<.*i tiff to the i-ntui
of protective measures «nd good sanitary condltlons.—ConMrvBtion,
Head Office
Cahtai. PAI1> Ui» ',,.,".:...; \$3,000,000"
I_ks__rvi_,and Undivided 1'aoKirs' - 3,500,000
. Just aB a successtul merchant makes every
effort .to givo his customers ijourteouB, efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank,
of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
every servlse consistent with'conservative'
banking practice.   • ■  '. ^ \ - -'   ,..
No "deposit is too small to assure the depositor considerate treatment—the .savings*
accounts of those In moderate circumstances
are welcomed'with.courtesy, .and'with absence of undue formrghty which makes.bank- I
.lng a convenience arSia pleasure.
-,' M. J. Stanley," Afgetat
"■;' i
; Bellevue Alta. • '/
1       «  Commercial House
Best accommodation iri the Pass
Up-to-date—Every convenience
'' jJl     Excellent cuisine* .     - <    . ,y *
Suitable for Ladies & Gentlemen
H. .B.VHineline
Next to Fernie Hotel
S U ITS    TO    M E A S U RE
from $15.00 to $50.00
'  "» ' Repaired
arid      , r ■■;
Head Off That Gdld
Do not lot a cold"mn Wny with you.   Assert yoar
rights by fighting a cold with tlio proper weapon.
Tho host way, to headoff a cold nnd overcomo it
is by taking-
Laxative Bromide Quinine Tablets
The handy and convenient i'onn in which thoso
tablets aro made render them pleasant to take and
effoctivo in results. Fifty chocolate-coated tab-
. lots in each. box. Will break up a cold in less than
24 hours. 25c, per Box,
wore tho PIR8T PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Boeauuothoy aro THB BEST ON THE MARKET, that'o why.
Buy thorn all tho tlmo at
8AM GRAHAM, Msnsasr PHONR 41
St f**
Lumber for a
b«r« tt any time and In any
quanlty. You cannot iwany
ui trlth a targ« order, of gi?e
u> ao ainall a one that wo will
not ntt«nd to lt.
for any kind of bnlldlni you
way b« at work upon. Kara
ut MBd you what yoa want
whan you want It
l "'Ayyy, ly ^^tfegy
---•.-   -?. ■
. tv,
.    -"SrSyyy, /
.'    X-7S»tflX,\:(- /]
T_.  ** I1.
' v   u
- .<•.. >-
y.y   ,-     i> •>]
0 -
t'i.77 '.7. ■
.-5 ';r_.r.--
.\ 'I ^tT'
Us that Fruit Growers iri British.Columbia have made big money during the last few years and figures secured from the  Creston
growers go to prove that the growers in that district have made larger returns on the money invested than the growers of any other
district, in B.C. or elsewhere. The explanation lies in the fact that CRESTON has the IDEAL climate for the successful growing of fruit,
the REAL FRUIT SOIL, NO IRRIGATION is required, and has the CLIMATE exactly suited to^the growing of all kinds of fruit, and last
but not least, Creston is nearer the Markets than any other point in British Columbia.
Wliy Creston.
CRESTON land can be bought cheap today.     Wc own'or, control
several thousand acres in the CRESTQNJHSlBLCnLand-we-ar^sell-
about 200 miles Vest of thc prairie markets, also on the'Great Northern Railway running south from Creston to Spokane. \ CRESTON is
, .at the.end of Kootenay Lake and lies at an altitude of only 3,700 f^et
above" sea level. ' FRUIT picked at CRESTON in the morning reaches
the Prairie market the same evening; thus it is in the pink of condition
, and fetches the. high est price.
=HasLthe=Soilr6Hmate7'M^fkets, Big Crops
Won 9 First Prizes out of 11 entries! at the
Spokane Apple Show; one World's Prize
ing it at a lower price than any other individual or company in the'
district. CRESTON has thc climate necessary for fruit culture.
CRESTON has sufficient rainfall so that irrigation is not required.
CRESTON has no ZERO winters. CRESTON is the nearest point to
the prairie markets that fruits can be commercially grown. Fifteen
years have shown that fruit growers at CRESTON have made big
money.   -
. \
Who We Are
To most residents of the Pass tho names of Joo Grafton or J. W. Bennett are too well knowto to
requiro further remarks, but there aro many, no doubt who know little or nothing about either E. Ross
Mackenzie or Jamos Davidson. Much could bo written tabout theso men, but the very fact that
they aro associated witli Messrs. Grafton and Bennett will be sufficient guarantee that they nre on
tho squnro.
Our Guarantee
Every piece of land wo offer for sale has been  personally inspected, and any piece which is not
strictly first class will not be sold at any price.   Wo Guarantee overy aero'to be first class Fruit
Land and if it is not found as represented any time within six months from dato of purchase, wo will
allow the buyor to select any other piece of equal size from our holdings.    Can you get a squarer,
deal than,this?
What We Have to Sell
We own or control land all over the Creston District,
ranging in price from $40 per acre to $150 per acre. Several
choice pieces are available at present at $75 and $1.00 per acre.
At $75 per Acre
Twenty acre blocks aoroHH the Koo.onny Rivor from Croston (5 to fl
miles put) all lightly timborod, part of it nlmoHl clonr, wntor on ovory
ncro, wagon rond now building. Sovornl settlors hnvo already located
on this tract
At $ 1 OO per Acre
• Fivo and Ton Aero Blocks in Wyndoll Valley Block, 2'/£ miles from
Wyndoll Station 5 miles from Creston, nil At fruit land, lots of water,
very light clt-nihip, pood wipou ron.i U> tlio property. Trniwont.
ncntnl highway expected to run through tliis tract. SJ-jvornl settlers
will Joonto lion* this spring. This is a snap. Surround in., lmnl is
Boiling at $1130 per ncro,
Full Details Sent on Request
* I.
To Gmiton & Bennett and Maokonzio & Davidson, Dept. ll., 1\ O, I .ox
48, Fornio, I.. 0.
I nm interested in your Creston Fruit IjiikIh nnd would lilto lo ru-
t-t'ivo fuller information from you.    1 would handle acres
and would lio ablo io pay $ cash.    It is understood Unit tliis
docs not in nny way bind mo to buy.
Nnmo ..
Address All Inquiries to Dept. B.
Grafton &c Bennett and Mackenzie & Davidson
P. O. Box 48
Eckstein Building,   Fernie, B. C.
Phone 89
,\\ •>> -_;o i
***   v*>    »J  V^iAc™v, v ir'■•-■it V-'.-r     i»„^ •-''ii' _ -2j   * -1
\_ i,_-  ,->b..,"
I      fe*   ■<»    '
I ! W*T V
:-vy -;
.      ••-f.v-'^i.
, .,     Sr-y'T
.    _.   .     _s"fe   n w.	
> ~ _. — .    .tuY^ -
-'., lt"^
' -A
■*■•. -1
. -.ii-?—'--*,-',-',
' i ....   t>    '
s'-V*.    "■"■
r'.-yi ■
■ :. "r^y,^-"---'. '•„y^$^:'*r,!i'r&zu ^■£^h::Zs^^^-z~^-7t^^^-^yy£>ryy~ ....-*',*- v%!-_._:^V'\,;,3*,-,.-»,y,\
,»' >*'
. Published; every; Saturday morning »t- its offico,
Pellat ^Avenue/Fernie, B:7-C.: Bafcscription $1.00
-°""^-~_"-Sssa"r-,    "-   -,S   ":"   ■'■*'".   * -   --    '■
per. year, in tidvanct.  -Aak:w_:c«lltnt adTUtudsg
Medium,   Lwgest circulatioii in the District;  Ad-
-   •'^■f-'F'T^'y.-y -"'•■,'    ..:-•."',      '7 ".  •
rertisuig rates oft application; Up-to-date facilities
i •   -*:-.V^-.-y.-;)    v <    '■   ■-"• •      ^   "    (
for. the execution of. alln kinds of book, job and
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
color work.  Mail orders receive special attention.
^ H. P. K1RWICH, Editor.-
Telephone No. 48,      -     Post Office Box No. 380
tbathefmust inevitably arrive at by an analysis:
■'*- -   -~ i   - _. ■
yThe~folloY.irig press dispatch, read between the
lii\es,. explains "why; it is necessary that we .should
' "^ -J
' * Canadian CapitaiistJB Hit by Vandalism of Rebels
»-. > in Mexicorr-Millions Imperiled " >.V-"
Expert  Suggests .Scheme   Based  on
Adaptation t of ■ Earlier < Form    of
< British.. Law—-Manufacturcra' > and
. Labor'. Queries. ,'\^-^„-S T-l.
WHEN a Socialist speaker addressing an audience mentions the international character of
Capitalism and makes allusion in his speech to
some foreign country it is not uncommon for some
individual to yell out, ."Talk about things nearer
'"home!''     This vociferious critic is usually one' pi
those whose world is contained within a very limit-
■ ed area.     Nevertheless he is representative-of the
majority of men.     He is unable to grasp the fact
that the relations and inter-relations are today such
that the sphere of influence is not limited to geographical boundary lines.     A writer on tliis subject says:     "The failure of the crop in North Dakota may spell want for a family Hying in Lancashire." -   This is a broad statement, but is by no
means an exaggerated one,' easily demonstrated to
any desirous of studying the relationship,between'
widely separated points.     To do.this here.and now
would consume too much space,,so we.will leave
.this question as it is and deal with the real purpose
under consideration, viz., that'of showing a recent
incident as an illustration of the internationalism
of capitalism, and how everitsxtha"t are taking place
< iing in Canada.   A contribution of-$35,000,000 lias
" been offered by the powers that be in Ottawa to
Great Britain for three super-dreadnoughts.
Many Canadians applaud the act, and if asked'
for a reason would reply, without the slightest.hesi-;
tation, ""We nnist protect our country, ",;when pro.
bably the one giving utterance lives on a farm that
is heavily mortgaged' yet still dupes himself into
bolieving that he owns something.        *
'To prove that he is in error all that is required
is not merely to read what appears in the* daily
press, ,but,to look carefully into, the conclusions
- - OTTAWA, "Jan. 12.—It is understood that representations will be made to the British govern-
- ment in behalf of Canadian capitarWested in
Mexico to see if something cannot be done ia pre-,
"vent" the frequent revolutions which are imperilling the iarge amount of money sunk in Mexican-
enterprises. Some 25,000,000 of Canadian capital has.been invested in.the Mexican.Northwest
Railway alone.     Ties and bridges have/been'
• burned and tracks torn up, andyet the government insists on the operation-of-the line. -.This
road has' about 600*miles'of track. -, Dr. F. H.
Pearson of New York, is president ,and two bf
the Canadian directors are E. R. Wood of ^ Toronto and Sir William Van Home.   " ■
These unfortunate slaves in Mexico have decided
that they will not continue to work for a pittance
that is paid'to them so,that dividends shall be'paid
to Canadian parasites, and knowing that to the
ordinary mopeygrubber there, is nothing more
sacred than property rights, have torn up railroad
tracks.    - •    .. \» . ~
The probabilities are that the British Government, at the behest of Dr. F. H. Pearson, of New
York, E. R.* Wood,'of Toronto, and1 Sir William Van
Home, may in ^recognition of the magnificent gift
made by the Dominion authorities send a cruiser or
a battleship into -Mexican waters for the purpose
of aiding in the subjection of those who profane' the
sacred rights of vested interests, and thus the workingmen of Canada, by their election of the henchmen of the capitalist class, may be responsible^or
the rivetting of the shackles upon member's of their
class in'Mexico.    -t .'  -■"  7 -~- - ■'_.'-■
This.,is_ rib.:far-fetched story,' and ought,to" b'e
patent-to4"any-man. or" woman giving the .questiqn
A special sitting ,pt; ttie
commission' investigating", w.orkniei.'B
compeh sation)waa^jreoehtlyt calico* for
the purpose 'tb7 heair .'Mr. 'Shennan, a
Newark "expert,] on^thV.auestioa^of
compensation leglslatlbii,.^who'^ bad
been summoned by tie railway.com-
■panies. Evidence,was^showhlot' experience In the Unltei State^ and his
stfldy pf the question in'Euiwje,', ] Qe
CondeinJued' the 'German ' syBtepoJ . of
compensation"' for " workingmen,* and
said that to adopt It in tnls country
would, be mating "ihe welfare, '.of tHe
people' the* playtleld of ImpulBlye'ejt-
peflihent, and would" entail '.a^ radical
change in political principle_j' and" in
social and' industrial/habits 'and' cus-
tbmB.' ' Both; the'Hritish and.German
laTyef; he maintained!, although.*in, different ,ways and,to different degrees,',
were" products of gra"dua_ 'development.
Even if the"Ideal be a system xoC;%'road-
er'and'-'more"perfect insurance Jtlian
that1 "provided' by \he" British.' law, yet
prudence dlctatecTa" course of,gra'd-.'
"ual "approach*; ' :.-Thel- safest' aiii most
surely -beneficial first * step .on' that
course would. Vln* his -''opinion, 'jbe ah
adaptation of the" earlier form' of the
British,law. "'J1' ' ,- ''-''."'»'
Liability Companies' ' Obligations
Touching Mr.'' Sherman's' claim that
direct liability or'its'equivalent would
make 'the ' employer;"■ more ^careful,
SIt William Meredith asked him, as an
expert economist, whether in hls^vlew
all cost went ultimately back upon .the
consumer., -Mr. Sherman,maintained
that the 'question was adjusted- by
competition. * .The man with'low oper-'
ating'costs, could'place ■the loss .back
upon the consumer, while 'tfie man
with high operating costs and .competition .could only escape by enterprise
in accident,protection.    \-,;„
Mr. F/W.':Wegenast, expert for the
Canadian Manufacturers' -Association,-
took direct issue" with Mr. Shlrman on
many' pointer and accused^ the latter.
of misstatement -of' facts/'*- "I - make
this sta)tement7fully realizing its gravi-
There is a lot of nonsense uttered about the .real
patriot—V Patronizing home' industry, ""Spending
his money where he makes it," etc., but such sentimentality does riot deter your sensible capitalist
from investing in other countries the surplus values
wrung from his wage slaves, and whemthetproduci
ing-class shows the spirit of revolution, whoop-up
the patriotic (!) spirit stunt through' the British
Canadian press, but which, it is gratifying to note,"
that a small percentage falls for, as'the truth is
forced upon them that tlieir slogan should be: - „.
"Workers of all Countries—Unite 1"
Chief Minty inspected the Club at
Coal Creek on Wednesday last.
Tho B.  C.  Legislature opened its
session on Thursday of this weok.-
Jabez Raynor, of Grassy Lake, ls ln
Dr. Darber has removotl from tho
llendorson Block to the Johnstone and
Falconer Block, abovo BloasclelVB Drug
Goo, and Andrew Paton, brothers of
tho into David Paton, who camo in
for tho funoral Intend to rotum homo,
Contoiit, Alta., and Victoria, B. C, ron-
..octlvoly, at thc boglmilnff of the
J. W. Bennett ,1s expected back ln
town tho enrly part of noxt wook, probably Sunday night,       .    «
* j;
Thos Uphill tal.os this opportunity
of thanking thc 282 voters who holpod
to placo him at tho top ot tho poll,
A sale of homo cooking will 'bo hold
in schoolroom of Mothodlst Church on
Saturday afternoon at 3 o'clock. Afternoon tea will nlso 'bo sorvod,
Tlio lonfi-dotostoil $3 poll tax In B.C.
has al last boen rologatod to the scrap.
heap, whole It should havo boon years
J. n, Knight, of Edmonton, who con-
tonted tho nont ln thnt part of Alborta
ln tho last Dominion Election on bo-
half of tho Socialist Party, Is oxpootod
In Pernio on Sunday, .Innuary 20th,
and will aridrcHH a mooting In Uio
Grand Theatre thnt ovonlng,
Mr. fleorgo Paton, of Content, AHa.,
-and a brothor of tho Into David Paton,
will lio In attendant nt*tlio SoclallBt
mooting on Pitndny ovenlng In tho
ljnBoinont of llio Mlnorn' Hall, and Is
ilPHlrow* of mnollni. tho vnrious niom«
born or tho Party boforo ho roturna to
his homo,
CIINUPPR.—On  Monday, January
ti   M«t,..»i,<M>ttr» fnnllffrt   Infnnt dntiHv
.r»r nf  Mr.  nnd
ngod 2Vj montlm
on WodnoHdny.
Geo. Wlldo. and Maurlco Burroll,
•proBldont and Bocrotary of Mlchol
Local, respectively, woro In town on
TiioBdny, roproBontlng tho local nt tlio
funoral of tlio Into David Paton.
Somo excellent pictures nro lining
shown nt tlio Grnml, and tlilfl In conjunction 'With llio good imifllc
whlcli Is nightly romlovod by lho five-
plnco orchestra, liolps to glvo IU patrons a plowing ovenlng. The pro-
gram for tonight and tomorrow la:
"A Would-bo Shiner," "A DotoUlvo
Tragedy," "A Wntor Plglit," "Work In
tho U. S. Navy," "Golden llnlr," "Tho
airl at tho Key.'
Constable Collins, of. Waldo, was in
town during the wook,
Wm, Dutton, our gonial C: P. R.
telegraph agent, has boon promoted to
the agoncy of the Medicine Hat offlco,
and oxipocts to loavo for,that town
Tho annual congregational meeting
of Christ Church will be held In ,tho
cfhurch on Sunday ovenlng noxt, Immediately after tho sorvlco. Tho meeting ls for tho purpoBO of electing a
vestry for tho ensuing yoar, and delegates to tho annual synod. Tt Is urgently roquostod that all members nnd
adherents make ovory effort to bo at
tho .mooting,
Wo nro roquostod by Mnyor-oloct
John ._. GiUes to oxproBS his slncer*
IhnnkB nnd appreciation to thoso ladles nnd gentlemen who bo ably supported and asnlBtod him' which nn-
ahlod him to havo such n liamlflomo
ty."''Bafe*'he^-"Dut"I doubt, whether,,
there is*a'Slah'ftH^ 'company , doing;
business "in"' the .Dominion .of Canadei
that is today in^''position to meet. Its
obligations and has not mortgaged,-its
that the Washington' law was* prefef-
aibie to/'that 'of "Michigan, which ;Mr"._
Sherman'had commended. " '',' - y
^.^As'Good Law as We Can*Make. \
,"If it b'e a facttFat a large __-"alority
of .the'"manufacturers of Ontarlo^'de.,
8lne^ar'law"!Buch!ta_l'that suggested' iri
the Washington "Vepprt("t',hpw 'do'^yoii
account for-it?»,,r6kfed'"sir;Wlllla'i_i of
Mr.'Sherm&m"''   " J\ '{>■''• ■ S- -"•  <•'<
• .Thi_i_'ftttfet doubled''the hypothesis,
but,, admitting it for the purpose, stated that "they ''must have been- attracted Vy-the Idea tliat It waB'going to
be cheaper andi'would place,the cost
on a- futuro generation. ' *'A' ,man ^ho.
has fully studied 'tho whole", subject
will not be wanting it," t/tfT Sherman
i il, I HI ... ,
, Mr. Wogenast opd, Mr. ..Fjrod Bancroft, the latter reprinting the labor
interests, wero accorded the privilege?
of filing with tho commission, tholr
answers''"to Mr.' Sherman's' contentions,-" \ ,■ •
■ "Wo will do that later," said Mr.
Banorott.. ,. ,
i "Do not let It bo too late or^wo may
not have legislation this'session," commented thO'ComnilssIonor. "I do not
want to delay, though It Is -bettor to
got a good law carefully thought out
than a ipoor law hurrlodly- put in tho
stntutos.. , Tho publlo ' welfare, da-
mands as good a law aa wo can
malte," • ,- •' ■ It ,<» >%\
. '(Mr.-J. A.'ScolIon, of Bbrlln,'if!rAotod
tlio attention of tho commissioner to
a clroular lottor whloh had boon scut
out to manufacturers hy tho Insuranco
company Intercuts urging tho caso against stnto InRTiranco, Ho presented
a petition from tho manufacturers of
Berlin and Waterloo oxproBBlng tholr
omlorentlon of a stato systom, Mows.
J. ITarvoy Hall, for tho ralway men,
and Calvin Lawronco, for the locomotive* aftglnoors, with Engineer Oliarlos
Clark, of London, wero nlso hoard boforo adjournment,
ttie, trouble without,an industrial'conflict. """If war Is hell, then strikes .are
•'purgatory."   "•'■. '7' *    ''; !      -""',""   '"
,\ Four-flushers and -bluffers yrill not
be considered.'and "the chap who has'
only, the giffe of the 'gab,.will not ha've"a
lookln. . We -need inern"'"wtio regard
the labor leader's job as a proposition
that requires the exercise1 of good gra>
matter. „.- Only 'the',brainy fellow' who
can make,'fully as much money at his
trade can make good'on this jobf^'It is
no cinch. „It ia easier to-work'in the.
shop at 'day's<-wages.-iJ '>-'.v _ 'y  j ■' '■' ".
"If,the^labor leader,is honest,;he-will
nevertheless be criticised occasionally
by both, sides, but;^he"yvill havo>Q?
comfort of a clear conscience, and; he
•.wilMia.ve.tflie satisfaction, of-knowing
tiiait ,some.day;:he_ will-'be,given ,du«v
credit for sincerity'of purpose."}. If he*
is dishonest he will unquestionably., be
found out,' and he.-.wllilbe held:-in conV
enemy.-,.v Do -all'-, that is possible,- to
mitigate'its,effects certainly, but* real-'
ize "at the'; same' t_me- tliat *pnly.„with
the - abolition i of \ capitalism .'-will ^ the
white7 slave7trafflc'. _"d!sappe'ar.—Jus-
tlce.  .• .-,..-<   v, .' ."v ,     - -. . ,.-,■'-; -.-"
y- w
Comparisons Based on Strike Statistic* ^7
': ■"_.. v.,. Caused Some^Uneaslness \y f-Vy.
'6.1—The citizens'-
- VIENNA, Jan." 6..-The citizens-of.%,' y7'y-
Austria-Hungary -haye' been--',studying"f"S-. y'\'
the""statistics Tot' last^y^r^s^strikes,^^^'>"' T'.
aiid" are' somewTiat' uneasyt bn_. realls-;-.;,/ V, 7S '•
ing lhaV- there';were e49.more" thanMny,,' %\; *.';
,19107 when* theretwere 657/;-l'Most- of.-"-,A- -, 7,.'
rnm.  Jarnlli>a»      «1ry^«•/V      »jS11#vK»-      l*t       Ann nn<if am      ' y,.'— -.
Economic Clan«e» aro being lisid
rvnrv Mundnv nftornoon In tlio Minor1.'
Mrs. Thou,' Cunllffo, I Hall from 2.30 to ..30.
tempt by al^classes.of men-n-including.
htmself-^to the end of day..,../. '.'-.-, -
- v -        ■" -'     . ''-X /* ■■   ;
' 'But while thejob' presents'-difficulties, there are in lt great possibilities.'
' here-never nmi a greater^chance, for
leadership, But the.demands,are more
exacting, the,,'qualifications- more, hu-
mtifyUB,'and. the .thing? 'to,he 'obtained
more. varied ."than ever i,before,t.«!,Thie
labor leader must, .be a statesman—,
not merely,a polltiplan. j He mnstbe
an educdtbrVnot simply ,an agitator.
He must.bea preacher of: social'rlgh^
eousaessand of justlco for all'men.-.
', The'; magazine;^Canada","'"whi6hs'. isl
"published in,London.- generally reput-7
ed' to'bb^he" organ ebf" the real estate.
a .most?alamingrstiortage--bf"'artisan
labor- iri iCanadaj^'aiid in, an article
under, the .caption*; of "Capltar and 1^-"'
'bor," says „that"the 'Dominlenl"govern--
pated iojthese^strikesj 3,507 factories #:_y_.-C v1,^
m^^L-att^*^A  o«j .the;loss .of moneysv^y, . A-
mated at'$l,154,835: •'-. \-~    / fr>J
:W\)t strikiaV.wasV*^''.* ■*-'}'
i -
Kunornl took placo
fllstor Anna Dnl hio D. 1). V. of
tlio Itolwkah Assembly of B. C„ as-
slatod by a staff of P. O. C„ Inatallod
tho following officers :
N 0—Bister A bundle.
V O—Sinter T. .AncaMer.
R. fliie—Bister M. L. Bock.
Ktn. Hec—Hlinter \\. l_otclil«.
Ward—Blitsr M. Kynaston.
O0ft.--8Ut#r P. Letchl«.
O C—nro. J. McNlcholas.
T8N d-rBlitor A. Dlgf*.
l\R H Q—nro, J. Lundle,
H h V O—8l»t«» A. UluUtu.
.    LBV OMBIltsr WinUms,
Orfinnlirt—Hlstor A, Orr.
'*" After whkh r*fi#*bra«nU were serv-
:(?7f+& gnd a p1#at_.nt evening spent.
Noxt amulay ovonlng a buimicss
meeting will bo liuld In tho baseraont
ut tho Miners' Hull.
The Sunday following, January 20_li,
it is expected tliat J. II. Knlehl, of
Itdmonton, will nrtdrosH n mooiing m
tho flrnnd Thelltre In tho ovonlng. J.
It, Knight contoMod tho Edmonton
jpat In tho last floneral Election on
the Socialist tlcltot.
THE 1810 it   ,.
Tho bl* proBmm offered at this
\m\M uuuiuh to liiivu utruck thc public
tlwwind, as good atondnnces noon, to
be the rule. For tonight and tomor-
h)w "The Olpsy Spy." » two-rool Mil*
uno fentiire, will b« shown, In addition to Uio following pleliirw "Old
Doctor's Humanity," 'TTie An^l ot
tho fltudlo." "l^irend of Mont-Mar-
tie," 'Tlm Coplllrt's End," "For the
Honor of the TKroncho," "Indian maiden.."
In tho United fltiites 70 cents In
ovory dollar nollofted by tho government In Washington Is usod to pay for
wnrH that aro paHt and that, aro w-
poctod to como,—Mdwln Qlnn.
The war dolit of tlio world,' practically all for war purposes, amounts to
nearly $a7,000.000.000.—DavliI Htarr
Jordan. i        «
The churning of rallk bringeth forth
butter; so tho forcing of wrath orliiK-
•th forth strife—Solomon.
Whon tho world learns bow It Is
bolng fooled, tho appropriations j will
hn mt off, the champion* of war will
bo voted out of office.—TDdwln Oln».
The abovo quotations aro used by
Arthur Humstond to adorn an artlclo
In tho Dominion Magaxlno la whloJi
ho n»kn Iho Question, "Bhall tbe Do-
minion's Prosporlty b« mad* a Baorl-
flco to the Watllosblj) Truttr'
"Tho trade ,unlon niovemont repre-
sents In a eoiwWo form tho hopes, do-
Hires and aspirations of tho working
clauses ror hotter economic and social
conditions. Tbo Irsdes union hss the
hont opportunity of studying and ascertaining tbe ovlls affecting tbo ttfuV.
It Is tbo most competent to defend Hh
InterasU In tho Industrial and leglsla-
tl?« field." .
.It Is all very woll to Introduce'spe
dally severe and brutal-forms ot punishment for t)ho creatures who doeoy
young womon and girls U_tolu.ll or
vloo and Infamy, Wo hnvo no word
to say against that .o*cbpt that more
brutality of punishment has nevor yet
iproved efficacious ns a deterrent.
What we would urgo,' howovor, Is that
If flogging is doservod byprocurors--
nnil somo of our legislators evidently
aro of" opinion that boiling ln oil or
nny othor lclnd of torturo would- bo
too good for thom—thon surely nf least
ns Bovore a pimtflhment should bo mot-
od out to thoso who by maintaining
a system of Industrial slavery for womon malco tho>trado of tho procuror
poBslblo. Tho basis of that vlloitrado
Is poverty;'. Its victims aro drawn
from tho women ■ and girls of „our
elnsn to whom, by, comparison with
their own bard lot, tho alluring pictures polntod by tholr tempters offer
Ir'roBlstlblo attractions," Why have our
lnbor mon1 nothing to say about this,
the oconomlo sldo of tbo quostlon? Tf
flogging Is to bo tho punishment of
'proourors, what punishment should bo
meted, out to' Uto smug Pharisaical
mnnufnoturors wiioso profits nro
wrung out of the sordid slavory and
degradation of our womenklnd?" A
girl In a brothol, nt any rato, gots a
sufflolont supply of food, and Is nblo
to bo cleanly Jn hor pernon, nnd well-
dwJHsedi Juit wo bttow of fnotorleir
right though tbo' ownod by reputable Ohrlstlnn capital-
t<n/{wn nndlmpenBtblfl1, wb^riv ^ho
clothing of the women and-girl workors Is nothing but filthy rngR, and
whoro tho wares paid nro too low to
pay, for a sufficiency of tho poorest
nnd pnr_r*i»pm f-.ni. flmnl. wondor
that In such cases lt Is vory gonorally
stated (hat theso miserable wagos nre
supplemented by prostitution, and tbat
lnst«ncos havo boen known where;
young womon employed all, on examination, have boen found to bo pn
chaste. However that mnv bo, H, Is
quite clear that .hone conditions offer
a fruitful flold for the procurer: tha.^
Un patrons.nnd those who msnnfstv
\v\to his victims" belong to tbe sarar.
elsss. and that wMle parliamentary
fnlthlnntlons oro being hurled at tbo
agent, and fresh means for punishing
htm are b«ln<c <U*vliu»d, tbo principal
himself ounbt not to ba allowed to go
calls tbe fowent strikes, because ho soot free, H*r«. ns In so msnyotlwr
has the «s<t snd thn seme lo Ntth ««« w ^nA <h»l «pH»».m_ Is Ihe
tions-to enlargeHhe 'scope r'>bt? the en-
coufagement' 'offered "*to; Immigrants.;
Accordinjg • toMhev magazine,'} i 'develop-'
ment; is at, a-.Btand&tltl and capital' lies'
Idle."*'^The^r publication;-.unwittingly
pa'ys a hlgV compliment" tothe work of
-W.' R;. Trotter *in" his capacity 'as °agerit
of ,the Tradesi and -.Labor- Congress; of
|ib head off the^activities, of <the;rManu-
fa^turing;Associations and' many exporting- ^agencies' Interested' in croat:.
lng .,,aUlquld";lab'or.m^rkH In Canada.
poriunciatIon';from,such,x source',!*'
the highest .commendation.,. ."Canada1.,
goes oh to say:VJ '"ii.. ..* ""'. ' ■,r;'.',"'
■ ''The,^ Unfriendly '=-. attitude ■ towards
emigration to' Canada almost unanl.
motisly'taken by'thi.se British journals
which specially' appeal to working
class, readers, is a continual source" of
surprise -1 .to, .^visitors ' from Canada;
espoclally to those who are back on a
holiday aftor 'making good.'. It seems
strange that such effusions as those
bf My, W, R.-Trotter, tho organizer of
ihe Trades. and Labor Congress bf
Canada, are. given -wldo publicity,
.whllo tho.monthly official roports of
thp Department-of Labor, aro ontlrel'y
lgnorod.; By1 oroctlng such a department with n Cabinet Minister at its
head,, Canada Is a' step In advance ot
the Mother Country. • Tho roports Is-,
sued' aro compiled by Independent persons resident-In nil tho. principal centres, and Include details as,to'-,tho'
cost bt living ns well as tho rate of
wngos. '
"Unfortunately tho wholo'. policy'of
tbo Trndos nnd Lnbor Congress 'Is
founded on tho mistaken Idea that It
\^ere"affected, an^;the;loss .of ,moneyj|
tostWkersjyaslestlinaied '-*-■'"* - - r«»-~f
Thev average' duration
..'..--..^io i-» j.;:''!-.v •*'). -i_s ■"__:''_._r_:.i *? A
over*234",days',"'a "document ^rirttielry'^- --'"'
duration "when- compared^ to the preyl-^tl'' ■*'.".-,/,!
ous 'Vyear's'^Wcorci:^- \The'^.w;ortoen."->*\'., j ;"'"";;;li
claimed compl^e\v!etbqr^la^7 case^'}\-,'■"■'''• "!C\J
asia'gainst^l'i.Jtt'l9l6.v,-CTf'rtlieitotall'.::-./- "'7If
number of Strikes 665 were aggressive •' *-- - -■   .rf-^vj
and.jSO were fough'L.ln\def9n>(^.pf',Ith^,'A^'^.,^,; n'-':-Jj
worfimeil.s' demands. K] TheindustriaKkl".:c «-'.I
barometerM'litlIi"Tre^r8 'rSMied^'^'-JI
weather.      v. „.t •, •    _,„    ,   ,r  -^•„',,-i:(
-f' ry ■   reR BOVO-ANO ami.* /. ; u\ '-.v>*„/. '
'/, \ ^^pRXNJJHOO^B^^'.ii.^^^^^, •'- ''
„ . Hkadmibth'kss, MISS CHERRINOTON• .• -?.. . _?
(CnmbrMgo 11 Ighor,Local Honours.Corflftcatc, j-. ••-.-
BlrniintrhaTnUnivoralt)*Education Diploma.)<„*;; •,; ..-
•Aiwlstant, Miss Hodoson, (Dlp'oin^of tho Col- '*vf '.'■
logo of Toacliora for tho Doaf nndllumb,^ <.,.- -,i .i^-.,'-';
"iTonns for" boardors and day scholars op ap-\ .,-.'_ - ,
pllcfttlon.tothoIloiMlmlHtros*. ,,1';.. •?•'   ., \< -"-,-yy
^J;   i :>    '.-:  i'.,"'i;'» ■'**/"  ','-■*«'' '\>-> *-'-'•" ,,W,' ' ,V
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
' ""I
wagQB.. Apply, Mrs. L,-A.:S, Dock, Mc--
Pli arson Avonuol  -', ''.- .  ,-.  ,..   >
.-WILL RECEIVE^OPPERS' till' Fob."■. •'
4t.i, 1013, for nil my buildings'on lot "^
In'West Pornlo, . Will takOf'blghbBr:*'1'
offer,!,, Buildings to be movod .within-J-' ':
throo.. months. Hi, .Wright, '.•Waln-*;'^
wnlghtrAlta.' l ,', .     .    » "     3t>22-   ','";,
Mrs. Titus, playing at Isla'Thoatro,',
would like a fow pupils,    She speaks
several languages and tho Isis gunrah-
Is In tho Intorost of Canadian labor to t00B jlor t0 ^ firat-olnBB,"'' Call at '•"
By tbo Rov, Charlos Stolclo.
Mon with red blood; men of Iron
mon with brnlns; mon with 'a vision,
men who will dnro do
f ,   ,   I>'l1 »t^'ih',
....... w.l, ...,*,        *../      ,.
ply, Thn twain*** \n tno norlnu* and
thoro are too many Interests Involved,
both tin tbo pnrt of capital and labor
to'ontmst tbo workingman'* sldo of
tbo controversy  to   nny  but'., cloar-
1iAndf>'t  nrlffn^r*    Tf'« f>11 rlo^ht tn hn
a good follow, and It's a good thing to
bo popular with tbo boys, but Vlwn a
man Is only that bo sbon Jonos bis
grip on bis Job. and those whom bo Is
supposed to represent soon loso theirs.
Whon booze Interferes with such a
Ijador's 'juslncutf, ho is vary apt to sic
rlflee bis business. ,4|~ '
Preference velll be given to peaeo-
makers lns'cnd of strlko-malters. Not
tbat a Isbnr, b-nd.r sihonJd nn«r,csll
a strike. God pi»y him » hs hasn't
tlio nerve whnn thn irato x^omes for
him to do so. Tho right to protest
.bould belong to ovory msn. Hut
tbe best Isbor lender Is tht) man who
discourage Immigration, Yoar nftor
year, as soon ns tho busy months of
open nnvlgatlon, sowing, reaping, and
harvesting aro ovor tho snmo old stories or 'truglc hnrdHhlp,' 'hunger par-
nrtoB,' oto,, nro trotted out. Yot year
nftor year over a,quarter of million
of nowcomors bocomo absorbed In the
population, and the following.spring
finds tho snmo shortage of ulbor.'-'
Tlio drafting of amopdmonts to tho
British Columbia Workmen's Compen-
cntlon Act Is receiving the attention
of tho executive board "of tho B.,0."
Foilcrallon'ot Labor. In ordor that J-
fl,1 McVety, fraternal dolegato of tho
B, 0., F. of U to, tho Washington
OlttU)     J.UU«IUU_IU     Iii     Utlui^    Mrltlwtt
auxin at b..'wp3o, Tl'ailJ., ncit Jifjonlb,
mny bo ennblodto roport nfi to the
workings nnd conditions of tlio Wash-
lngto'nr„Workm<m's Compsnsittlon Aot,
nald to bo a modal nn tbls'contlnbnt,
ii. .. .,. ._,»»... ~* if. . 'r> r>
i,fj t»»v ^.Ou..U|» wi.i'.k.wk «. •■"■■- f.'- >"
P. ot U at Victoria on Jan, 11), he
vlsltod Boattle, whore arrnngomonts
had boon mado for him to meet the
executive board of tbo Washington
Stnto Fodoratlon of Labor, At tbo
meeting lri Boattlo tha whole question
of Workmott's.Componsatlcm acts was
reviewed and \ho Information should
prove of considerable value to the delegates" at Victoria In formulating a
bill that will meet tbo raqulromonts
of wajfrwerkers In this province.
tlto Ists or nt Promlor Houso,   ' 20-S
LpBT.—Uunch of Keys, botweon
Post Office, Bank of Commorco and
Trltcs- tyood.; Ltd,' - Plndor will bo
rewarded by returning snmo to V, 0,
Box 308.
TO RWNT—FiirnlBhod or unfurnished, ono or two rooms and kltclion; with,
ubo ofimth room, -Apply, s„ o.o,'
Lodger Offlco. , 2l-3tp,   V
WANTBD—Tonms to"!hlro for log-
glng.  Wnttsburg Lumbor.Co,, Watts-
burj.'fl  r> ' ',,",,   '  -
.. ,iL'..   ■..'-. ■'"' '    '
FOR SALtB—^PIayor Piano; terms arranged. " Apply, J.!)., o.o. Ledger.
WANTED—Girt for general house-
n'«rV.      Arr'i*.  S'rs   V.rt,
A, '
WANTMD—Men to soil lots In our
three subdivisions tn Athabasca !_and.
Ing. ' Our woatern salesmen arc makv
lng a good Incomo.    Tho Great Ath-i*
basca Usd Co., 1C Alborta Block, Oa). ,
irary. .'    '.■■•■    a.so '*
partnor wanted forjjosl mlno.
with pit boss psperrpreferred,
PAItTNBR   WANTBD — Worltlnf
havrth««s*_.a to flft^n hundred dol-
isrfsplMI. (fonnirf nnnTt. Vronmt-
tlon will stand closest Investigation,
Apply to P, o; Rot tSBi Plncher Crook,'
^ifnvaiin «i<te|«iMl4_f'5 f *V
v.-,/.Slfc__. -•,'-■ --•"v."«^7y ^ _■
it- _.
Lt^'A^^^ "   ,_   THE^DISTBI^ Ll3DGER,?*FERNIE.; B; C, JAHUABT.13,1913'
^ <:X\
>w V-V
"     A -  "»■
1     "-*"' *
^ *\\
f"         '          L.
f 7" Shy ^olw^-^aiV^M^^
"_? -^ c':;?'"A^:J6itot"Qutnl^'lah^,rThomas I>
.. ,■"* iwu.ri^'-»^a__.'_; ._*____.i_:?i?_rij_;t_.»t ;*_i.
_ ;<somm^'c^d/itd7work,in Hillcrest laat
Jy' y ^TroekSf. .We-aro.'pSased" to'" »_«vyx>u'
■ • ■ imck/sflm,-.' ; - „- ; *.7,yiy_ ;
..' Mr.^alcolm:Llnk.resigned hisposl-
tion Jasti week!1 . We are^told^ie'Js*
^'"y'goingl^to reBl estate business.'-'77
_' ,''-.! iC"iThe'|wreBUIngc7initch-.wWch waste
_. * ^y-ljttakei^ia-.e op.;theVi8th, between"1 Fred
hyi, .Vr^.fBealeKof.WlIevue/aadTom Smlth.of
%4. v "iiV ^3Mlicr«at,' was *,called., off ..on* account
Vt y^. *Vth«YlMte^
Ai '"-•;-.,U 'Thesdarices-which are held .ia the
!Si XriX: • '.*v'?°I.?^aJl Saturday night are largely
H*" %&XXX.i*ttjei.^.,but.we are-sorry to say^that*
^«najke'p^$« believe that tbey, are "just1
_, „ ,„- -it TixW^hqpe.tte-flctor;«iaJagement"in
;* > 7; thejf,ato^4wUinpok dnto rthe -matter
""y";'* aritf^Bee''^that:-Btrangefs",and; people
, .:^_"' * JCni>m,;ttie^_d___ib^r-nV,%wn8 get' better
F«X, ,/;^eatment;'whenTthey.?_cbm'e;,tbr''our
^-%^!,7>dl^c'es:;""^!:'»'r'V'"?'-;;?■-'I|'  V<- .-"'
« T'-is-v.'-jt.^ ^-r; ■   ,- y.   '...;■• ,'i   , - -•»
;-(->Mr.'-; MaJcoIm.vCampbell^,.,returned
rhonie'-'Iast^'WTOk7VfterlJ"s^ndi^' hio
.'Christmas'- holidays bifL'etiibridge' ancl
y Tbth'er"places of "interest-,in Southern
/.; Alberta:\ ,i;-V-'.- .^'- \'"? -V^;'.,   - -/|_;'
*/^:"TIp- to-'^'tie^ present. date Wr,lnew
i> :•-. vv;* <i-«%tlng.rInk'Jhas proved a;farce!'" ,'.«We
j^7.-;v^/-may.;state, however,"'that season tic-'
"' ; " "" .-;it"etsJ were, kindly offered for .'sale at
' *"v,-j'. 7,"
od ? h«we "otf-Tithe} tenth' between *' tlie
CoJe___a__---teaii-a..,and jthe'; Shennans ;■ bt
Calgary,"1 was one of the> fastest games
of the,-, seaaonjiviinth=ia -easy <win for
Cajgairy^ the score*etaiading-. 10-rl Jn"
.their" fayor.7 ^. 7 *\ 7:7-. y.„ £-" ;a- .
-, Tb« weather, still'cbntlnueff to keep
cbld^asid.:Work-,at the mines Is badly
crippled,"owing"to "everything, being
.frozen up£' ^^-j ■ * t. \ v .^.. „._ 4
'; ^There ;will WXjM8Quefade*baJJ.,held
in..'the.QperatKouse on. Jan.jSlst in
aid of the hospital, come along and
dfound? towir these days and! the "doctors; are k«pt- pretty" well;o__'.i_l_e "go.,-"-
:, Mr. John Denny, of ,West Coleman,
Is,laid uip with.la grippe.' " ;,'-7v
-j" Mr, -Alex. -Easton has opened a restaurant in connection with bis bakery.
He .J[sj prepared, to pater-for the^pub;.
lie* either- bj^the.nieal or ibythoiw.eek.1
Anyone-ifiranUng'board will do Veil to
Referring'to the death of Miss'Wilson, aj^'or^of^ichjt,ppeared in.our
last issue;'.we'ynso-^requested on'behalf-of-friends "of^the^-'de'eeasedypung
lady tp" express^i-sincere ithariks to Mr
and:Mrs."Murrs,* of,;iKe.Coleman Hotel,
for'their many,kindnesses toher."'
-, On^ Sunday' next;'- January 19th, Chas.
M.'O'Brien'will-address" a meeting in
the Miners'- Opera-""House at "eight
o'clock .In, the evening.- Come, along
and' bring. your- friends/-; who '.will' u ap^
predate a good speaker even though
tt Charles Warteby, brothe^fC^
in;law of Winounikk (decea_k-|^iji>
«d).;iateof Corbin; B. C./wUlf-^
kindly communicate with Dls-I|f>>'
trict. fiscretary A. J.rCirtor.5,^
he>Ul be_vfvof something?♦
whkhwlU _>• to bis intsrest i ♦
c    r^-
pneumonia;'but■*ls£no'r well- on jibe
road to recovery.        '".7       f   '£i";f
Wm.'-Hamilton has ceased to be rink
manager.-^- CIlff'Serette'haB'hls Joo.'ait
present..   ,.'".-;;.. , ^^1.
;'J. "McGechle went'on a_trip to Ed-
nwntbn lkai't week/_where7.be visited
two j Frank1' ;oId-blmeris,-'>i_amely .$if
Young &ni "Jack Chesney!
."The Bohemian, Gymnastic
here. is/stlll^_._i^e:and; prospering.
They^are_.on the~lobk:ouUnpw for,a
horizontal bar* that has been purchased "in the old land. Vencll Vercek.ha's.
now .thejposltion. of head jpf^the .sor'
^iet^nsteadTof .'VIncel ''BortHwho .ex-
pects" to' leave" this part of the vcouik
try^soon/j- -_,"  ',   . . ,,      ,y„y.    „
^experieace. prevailed
'7^"'>1^'eSch^attempt^,~5^^ we are
7;„,v7-told that -the, party; who' Is 'responsible
.■^^prftbe^s^Eg^^h^lnk-and .the
ilV' 'X yT^^SLptjfickets,''has lately"1 engaged
fy ^'x '^^[irM^^79^T^'^^]^'''*Pr '°r?e. .the
V^7fy'^.^rk't'q,i»^s/.Ico^te^on^,j'., ; ''.'.'r ,
V;;-r; ;^y^Tbe-^eold "weather^ last 1'w.eeic; ]w^'s
y. „'L!'"men; :'As a'result'a^fewr'ofithe car-
. .-.->,:. -i-penters employed by Mr. Wheeler are
V.,.-;,--,.,«uff*Wng from spyere ?roBLbite8;vv
I i --,"">•;( ' :"~*.ir?}l&?:/'l' ■   y,  -'ll' *'',; , .- •    .'  I
, ..     , .   -vv ,;--_;■„?;• y-
•,COl.pMANl NaTEiw.J.I
"i". \lfrcit, fv-f. ■■■■•^ -";y
they,may-,:differ/witb; his .views.
"' 7h'-],r>.-Sy:x--SSfy^^     ~- ■
■-  ^1%'V'yr^- :'".■■''-   S- S
Wewish,;to draw, the- attention",of
the people!j'q_..vCpie,ma__,' t"o\.th"e Idisplay.
which "the. I..! C;""S.^are going tbhold:-iri
Mr. > Ouimett'fi Store; next- door to the,
Rost'40fficS>n\"Jtan:''24th,': and 25th". /-•'
,-.vWe,TV_i_it;,"tp,8peakL-to you -about^youf
(fflT'eer.^^May'". be .you ^have jtrouWes
some one.icome.jand- talk it, over, with
UB,fW^wiU^advise ybu.^!',- •-■■•   -"-'S
v.;If-y6uvhave !,a;.course -ond--have'.aV
discourage -you,: come andi see us, we
wjllvadjust'.!anyt difficulty-.whloh may
be confronting 'you.- _-m<i if >■ •:,'■■-1 --;
l/,;Do*xno.t.-j!prget''t3iat tlf j-yoii • have, * or
ever,,ihadfa'",c6urs«>;,vlrIth.'.the'''E';,C.' '&'.'
you,shpuld;-see these oien..^  r}"-' »>
'   y y '"^MAJt.TiN & GRIFFITHS,, ;
■''   -,."".,!.-- ■•■"'.. -.- ^•,',t,?°I?roseniatlveB.
Mark,th.Ojdate on.your, calendar 'so'
'■.ij l>f-'f.
[;; 'VV^-:.-V;7pa'.;Jan;;iathiflL%yory. plea'tian't,evert
77 Jog, was speut^-in J;ho;BagIe Hall, Cole-
,,;,'taaa," -wheaj,Uie-'Mlohbl"';apd! Coleman
-'' members:"of'Iho' Fraternal .Order 'of
;,., Bdglos installed 'tholr officers for tho
'y ensuing year.;'- Quito" a'large numbor
-; of - blrdsiVf rom far * and .'.near ,;f lew,' to;
-' Colomnnmd'rested awhile;*- After tli'o'
• '  coromony of installation, was ovor an
^y.oicp&llent: repast ,was provided, after
•r whloh thofostlvJtles'contlmibd,'  Thoro
T,^ ■waB,vocal talent>galore, speeches .In
v„twon_ty;sevon different languages, in-'
:..'_•;eluding English, and to fill ln botwoen
. a nine-piece ■ orchestra, gavo, several
' ; solootlons from - th©. different • bporn b,
■ Tho" following contributed to thb oven-
., '-..lag's entprtnlnment:wlth songs,- recitations anil other stunts:    w. Banks, B."
'S Darnbs," RoT>\ Jones, A. Mo'usty, W.
■ ' Graham, J, Marsh," A, MorriBon,, A.1
■;;" Itollons,' ,T. Ecclestbn,3,' Dames! J.
■;:,.Parsons; J,' Johnstone, J..'Mnkln,■ 0,
. L'uflby, Coloman Officers,   ,T...-Morrl-
man, J. Graham, W, Mnohln.'
yy What mlghtlshavo bon a big blaze'at
.„   thb, Coleman  Hotol   was   narrowly
avertod ,on > Sunday'night,     Shortly
nftor ton o'olock somo lll-dlsponod per-
1 son poured gasoline over somo dry
wood,In tbo basement nnd Bot flro to
It-with'the Intonflon of burning tho
-. placo down,, • It Is protty woll known
. : i>'i," H'i'ji' '-j, .- •'- ''»    ■ ' '    '''
,,-■ {.FRANK N0TE8V-   ... -
(Rooolved too late for publication last
' 7 i -'•   week.) -'
Tliere Is nothing new from thb coal
company, at "least, no sign' of
work, and what1 is worse, no sign of
past wagos. However, the company
has gono Into liquidation and now'tho
trust company are-handling It, 'Wo
hopo that a now company'will como
along soon and opon things up, '
Aloo McKinnon, who has boen engineer hero for somo time, has movod
his family to Medicine Hat, where-ho
lias bogun work.-
W, Jolly has moved, Into"his now
houso, which ls located back of tlio
Bkntlng rl r
Miss AcJiCBon, of Medicine Hat, has
boon ln town for tho past weok tho
guest of her cousin, E. Achoson.
,,Dert Whlto, woll known In hockoy
circles throughout the Pass, Is in" tbo
hospital horo at prosont suffering with
a brokon collarbone,'which ho rocolvod In n gamo botweon ninlrmoro and
Coloman,    Ho afterwards developed
Clearance Sale
I- 1 L - - l *■
JAN. tSto JAN. 25
Western Canadian Co-operative Trading Co. Ltd.
. "Mutit liftvo'xiom for tlio New Spring nnd Summer
goods.,   Dry"goons, yhoo«, Furnishings and. Groceries..
-    I   ,    B       *   l                |     '
' , 1
■,*'."' , » '
5.00 spout at thfn safo will bring? you
7.50 worth of now ffoods
,; A,-meeting of the .ratepayers-was
tield_ on-Monday/night in the" school
hall, 'jvhen some, but not as'many as
should be, of the citizens were present
\ The object, was to re'vjew the^work
of the ..Council, for the past year, and
nomjnate'the candidates for th<_ coni-
ing-year.    '     "       ', " ., y -",
,   ■ v-**'- :'-o-'s- '        ■ ■'.*_.''
...Secretary,.,Farmer .gave the financial . account,'.-while. Councillor Mur-,
pny-in-a speech told.pf the past and
then eloquently,.,pictured the future
of,our townIwith' two.cement plants
and one clay "products .plant and a
mine (?)'•'. Chairman McGowan also
told 'of,/theyhills;'that;' they had to
climb during the, year!-' -He also was
exceedingly,'' oV unusually;. pessimistic
..in ' his- 'lengthy {.'speech, -which .was
greitly'appre'ciated. - Tlieri-rcame^the
Uomin'ation'.'.', "Theidea'of .running because of apposition, or the honor "of it,
has' entirely "slid from- these; off lce's-in
•PranI_r^_m>dhaW~men**___^t"gd-Iriit'6 it
simply jtor7t_ie good'of'the public,or
the work that is in it" ;"How lucky
foii'usvwe>ave a few.:of-those mpn''
here^yet"., • . y y-y > y ,'-'- .••--■ •
•' LThose nominated are as foilows:'W.
J.-Mc(3oiwan,. Prank - Wejr," Svan Morgan, , Jack. McDonald,'.'A. Manuel, .^Jake
Wheeler and7 Harvey^ Murphy^ but-the'
latter three' wlttidrew Hhelr ?■' namesr
The, other four _non_"'are! ail good "fellows,-and'it is-hardi't'o' say which are
the three beBt'for councillors. W. J.'
McGowan has-'borne'the honors for
the past years, he has guided .our town:
through the most difficult year of Its
history; he has' done, well when' ypu
think of alithatVwas to!do'!,;',In the
last election he got '76 out of 78 votes.
See him got - the; other, throe this
tlmo, Frank Wejr "is" well known, He
Is a,'Bohemian, by birth nnd-speakB
as good English as any man ln town.
Ho holds a position on the School
Doard, whoro ho has done' good work.
Ho ls also President of, tho Local Union, and takes a groat'Interest In all
public affairs. Ono moro point in fa*
vor of Frankjio is a,good Interpreter,
and wo havo about two hundred of his
nationality,,In town, and tho head of
oaoh homo, gonorally spoaklng, is a
ratepayer. Evan Morgan"- is , well
known among tho minora, being secre.
tary of tho Lbcal Union, Ho lino
shown faith onough in tho town to
build a nice new -homo horo; Ho is
also Identified, with tho Co-0poratlvo
organization, .Jack' McDonald Is-tho
proprietor of tho Union Hotol hero, he
has beon in town a long timo, "staying with It" through tho strlko, tbe
Blldo roport, and now ovon though tho
mlno Is closed and tho town not vory
cheerful, but ho is still horo, Now,
It Is up to tlio voters to elect tho best
throo mon, ond If tho othor throo mon
nominated had boon sports onough to
run wo would hnvo told of tho daring
doed's In their career too, Tho oloctlon will bo ntfxt Monday, and If our
oamoro Is thawed out by thon wo may
bo nblo to got a snapshot ot thoso
oloctod whon thoy aro not looking,
Now wo must turn our thoughts to
tho' world of sport.  Everybody knows
Frank has a hockoy team, and a good
ono.  i U\at Frldny rilglit about a hundrod of our people took tho train for
Coloman,    Tho Ico w«b flno and lho
toams woro In good ordor.   The gamo
wns wr'v f_.<.Mh.wnvtin.i./ r«..c i; ',;.„
fastest over soon In the ,'*i\mi.   Homo-
how or another Coloman managed to
score ovorytlmo, and tho final scoro
was ,10-3 Jn, tlielr, favor.    From Ihe
score, you would think It wasn't much
of tt I fame to Wat«b, hit- wo mnat ^a«-
less H was tho best 25 cents' worth
wo ovor go{ In hockey,  Now that Is
saying something, too, for wo woro
not born  and  raised  In  California.
Tbo gamo wss clean throughout, ex-
copt onco, whon Dan Ounlop took the
pii'lc unexpectedly  from  Hoinw, ho
didn't llko It and dropped his stick
and wn.it after Dnn with bis Mtt
Dirty, dirty, Hoganl     Coleman wss
to Way the return gsme on WMw-j.■
fn* ul--it, lu* after wo got our ",««•
«.» on Me loa thoy failed »o shjw i.p,
tints um won the game by 4«**w't.
. *> it t!u, UyA u.iu and pUv hop
key now, snd"have formed a Junior
team.    I-nst woek part ef tlio tonm
played nialrmoro  and   got trimmed
Mark Sartofus has moved to Cpl*^
mail. '• The house vacated by fciuThas'
beei-rentei! bf Jack' Miller, 'to ..which
place he amoved on Monday."' ,.7 ";
;; Rev/"yjr. Gl' Fagon;'of Hillcrest^pre:"
ached in theMethodist Church here on
SuBday, lioie absence of Rev. Young,
who'was at Hillcrest. V - '• .... -
-'; The .Lakes'"'Aid of,."the Methodist
Church' served' i ten* cent tea' at the
hoine'o* Mrs/R. B. Donkln.last thurs-
day.aftsrnoon. A large number,turn-,
edJo'ut'and }4.60 was the amount to
hand oyer to the treasury "as a'result.'
Even:'tliouglx 'seve'tal.',houses have'
been'moved ^to the, business section,
only one the been ^occupied.' viz.; tbe
tin shop/of thei,Crow's Nest Hardware,
In the future It will'be,,"remembered,
thaY'Mr; Pat^re/was the first to, start
work1 In "jSiiiph^r'Spirings,'''  " J". "
.The"junior''hockejr'team of" Blair-
more "played*^the -Juniors', of Frank bn
Tuesday afternoon, When a number of
town" peoplo turned ~p'ut.to/see' the
game. : Our^bojfs la'cked.combinati^,
'but' It was, the' best ;exhlbitipn .'.they
have put up as yet.,. The,-.score"'was
2^ In favor,.df Blairmore. .. ;-, V''
,'^The elections of [the last week have
.created a 'little excitement, but very
little. ' * The! .election" for ■ councillors
came'o'n Monday night when the jjjro-
perty^bwners polled their. voto.- At
10 p.ni.' the poll was declared. Thirty,
nine had voted. ' - Tn giving the 'list of
withdrawals"^, in . last week's budget
(being very iiuman) we erred and said
Jake Wheeler toad-;withdrawn,, while
instead it was j Jack McDonald whose
name was not'allowed to stand.'.'?-The
result of thb'election was as follows:
W. J. McGowan,' 36 votes out of, 39.
The same three-people "who failed to
vote for him last year must be around
town still."Frank 'Wejr, 32'.votes.
Jake ^Wheeler got1,21 votes, so ..that
leaves .three gentlemen to. make for us
the history.'$f?the -coming year.yr"~
.The annual'.'meeting of the, school
district, washeld.on Monday at,2 .p.m.
in the'school halI.(y.The business-of
it--was, to, elect'a-trustee ,to" take'the
place of A.:< V. Lang, ytho. has (moved
away-and., whose'.ter^i' expired'this-
year. '-Rev. W.'.f.; Young .was" elected
by acclamation, tb fill, the  vacancy.
BP of C.;';-Ti_e local'will :be meeting
Bome time'this week fori business. '
Fire,seems to bo the order of the
day. arouad here now ; We have liad
two ia one week,, the-first being a
house owned byJohn'Ollst, which was
totally .destroyed, and' the occupants
lost-all their clothing with the exception of what.they.had on. It Is understood that the house was partly
covered by insurance, but tb« furniture bad no insurance. Th^ second
fire was the washbouse at Maplo Leaf
Mini"-' '•"'■ • ', "'-' '■"' , '
. Mrs. Phil Hart and her daughter,
Vera, of Burmls, were visitors in Belle-'
vue on Tuesday.
Cousins" Brothers are completing
the pew Union building,here.
Mr. Harry Blake has severed his connection with-the-West Canadian Collieries Company."-  ." ...
reviewed by" Mr.', Farmer. ,' ,,, . , 1
- At this Junctureivr(o -must.switch'
away from civlcT. and other important
matter to.remark;that Cliff Serette
.madea^trip to Fernle.pn Monday^1 He
aocoinpanled the,. B)ajirmbrevhpckey
team'itp that, town/.wbjch sent,them
home with a recor^be^ndIthem-of ,14
77:4 Ih^vorof 'thOi^ejrnIe'7 boys.- "i'.' -
•/Last Friday night a hockey,*game
was played between Frank and, .Blairmore" on the latter'a Ijce. '. It "was a
very'cold night aiid'frozen toos,,or
or. other prominent points, was the
order of tho evening. M ',„,,
Miss Armstrong and,Miss Simpson,
of Hillcrest,' were visiting in Frank
on Tuesday, night.    '.,. .',   ■
. Mr and Mrs. Rolfo havo sold all their
furniture and nre giving up. housekeeping. Tliey are leaving for Calgary beforo tlio wook^eHd! *,/
Mr. Arthur^Jioaror loft camp for
Calgary on Thursrlny on a business
trip. Ho will bo absent for a fow
Mr, Hinollno mado a business trip
to Calgary, this; wook, returning on
Saturday, ...     ... .
Mrs, Boyloa and hor two daughters,
Jnno and Smelda, left for tho opening
of tho sohool nt Pinch or Crock, ,,
'The concert ln connection -with- tlio
Hums' colobrntlon will bo hold on tho
24th, Instond of tho 2Bth, as announced ln tho Bollovuo Notes and rton.t
forgot tho, dnto and bo suro and bo
tlioro, Thoro is a good tlmo for all
who attend.
Tho camp was lit up with tlio rofloo-
tlon from tlio flro nt Maplo Lent wash-
houBO, Tho flro was dlscovorod
about 0.30. Tlio pooplo of llollovuo
wero attracted by somo explosions,
Tlio building wns totally destroyed,
Tho men lost nil tholr clothing and had
to go homo'In tholr initio clothes.
Tho rogular mooting of Bellevue
Lorn) 4!il was held on Sunday night
nnd tho delegate for tho convention
was oleo.cil. Mr. Dob Lolla will bo
lonvlng to roprcsont tho llollovuo
Mr.'Frnnk'Asplnnll. the trovr>rrmtfot
Inspeotor of mines, was In camp nn
A(oiu.a> on buslnoss,
Mr, Albert Alworth hns accepted a
position ss flro boss at the Uollovue
No, 1 Mine. Mr. Alworth has boon
working at Royal Collieries until to-
Thn wrestling match betwetm Boalo
of nollovuo, and Smith of Hillcrest, Is
called off,
Comrado J. It. Knight, of ISdmonton,
the Socialist Orgnnlter, was In csmp
on 8i.r_d.iy nnd £nvo one of tho bent
talks thnt have been given here for
worn* tlmo. Tlio hall wau u_.U fllM
and Um chair was taken by Junes
nurk»». who kept the meeting In rood
order. Aft^r tho spMWfi thero was
some lively dlwuimlon. Comrndo
Knight Iff. hlmrrlf open to a/iss-or
nnv flf.f. fitt qiifmtlorM   At. ffic '.l.UU of
the m^^ilng «h*re was a good local
orn(inl7.cd uii'lii' thn nu'splcd of tlio
'"We'are glad to learn, that Sam Lee,
wiio'wenit.under an.operation fbrrup-,
tiire in the Michel Hospital last week,
is" progressing favorably.
International Board Member T, G.
Harries-arrived ,in camp from the
prairie'^Tuesday night, leaving for
Fernie on Wednesday. "
' Mr. Thomas Crahan is visiting the
coast and In all probability will go to
Flyiida before' returning.
Dr and Mrs. Montgomery, of Corbin,
were visitors here last week.
'Joe Masbttl has'secure'd^a Job with
the International'Produce Company as
teamster.   t     ' '
We are sorry to hear that' Charlie
Brown has been-confined to his room
lately."' Hope to see you around
shortly, old ifellow. •"
* The'members of the F. 'O.'E. Lodge
who attended the smoking concert
given by the Coleman Lodge Saturday
last' returned Sunday""morning and
the general comment heard is "Didn't
we have a great time?" _ ., 7 -. -
"'We are glad to".report that Miss
Ethel' Belllngton, who froze both her
nand^'wirflsFTut .snow shoeing-last
Friday,-is making rapid strides towards convalescence. .      ' -
George Wilde, President of Michel
Local Union,' has.been elected to at-
lend'the Convention of the District,
which convenes In Lethbridge on the
17th February, 1913. ,    "       , •
The appeal case of Pete' Baldassi,
.who' was fined ■ $300' by J.- P. Burton
for delivering 3 .kegs of beer after 11
o'clock on a Saturday, night, was
heard. In' Fernie before His Honor
Judge Thompson, who'decided ln favor of the appellant,' and ordered tho
fine to be returned.
Tho monthly'enterttilnmeht held by
the Methodist Church will take place
on Tuesday, .tlio 21st Inst. There is
a largo program to be gone through
and a good tlmi) Is expe'eted.
Hugh McDonald, now maBtor mechanic at Malnsteo 3uv.ml.l, dropped
off tho train Tuesday night to look up
old frlonds, lo'avlng Wednesday for
Lethbridge, whore ho will spond a
week's vacation. ,   c
Chas. M. O'Brlon, M.P.P., for tlio
Rocky Mountain Riding ot. Alborta,
will bo ln this camp from Monday,
January 20th until Frldny.
. Mr. T. Shaw ha. taken up his dut-,
les as superintendent at the mines
here. ■
• On Tuesday evesing the many
friends of Mr. D. G. Wilson and the
majority of tbe «saployee« of tbs mines here, attended a grand smoker In
the Optra -House. Tbe liQulds and
cigars were plentiful and before half
an hour the ball was filled entirely
with smoke. Some splendid singing
took place . between "the drinks, and
before tbe finish the majority were
feeling * pretty gay. The/ following
were amongst the foremost of the
singers: ('Messrs T. Shaw, J. McKelvle,
A. McKelvle, A. Rice, F. Alexander,
B. Mills, J. Musgrove, Dr.'Nay and
E. Ross McKenzie. Mr. A. McL. Fletcher, in a.few well chosen words, presented Mr. D. G. Wilson' with a fine
silver cabinet, and expressed regret on
behalf.of the audience at his departure
from Hosmer. .Mr. D. Wilson suitably fenjied.       (
J. R. ■ Knight,   of   Edmonton, will
speak under the auspices" of the, So
cialist Party of Canada in the Athletic--
Hall. Queen's Hotel, on Friday. Jan.
24th, commencing at 7.30 p.m. '" < -
Chas. M,_ O'Brien, M.PJP. in the Alberta Legislature, will be in tbe camp
on Friday uext and Saturday. He
has always something of interest to
present for the consideration of the
workers and it is, up to them to make
arrangements for his' meetings.     ..    .
For ether Camp News sec Page, 8)
Crow's Nest Pass Trust
Co., Ltd.
CAPITAL      -      -    $50,000
' Your last chance to secu e Shares
at the opening price of Ten Dollars
(par value).
, Only 395 Shares left to be sold at
$10. Do you realize what this means
to you? It means that after pay day
you will have to -pay $12.60 per Share.
HOSMER.  >■     ' *,
Don't forget to try Eastoirs
When you want'
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
'.*_.-    ■    • •     '' ,
We haye the'largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in the Pass.    Everything in    (
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Stoves and Ranges
Granite, & Enamelware
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
, *» ' * t
Phone 7,    FRAN K, Alta.    p.O. Box 90
Crow's Nest Pass Trust
Co., Ltd.
CAPITAL      -      -    $50,000
Your last chance to secure Shares
at the opening price of T Dollari
(par value),
Only W> ShnroB loft to bo Hold nt
$10, Do you roall/.o what th Ih moann
to you? It moniiH thnt after pny (lay
yon will hnvo to pay $12.50 por Slinro.
JAME8  DAVIDSON, Michel  Hotel,
Every Night—8 to 10 o'clock
At least five reels nightly, Feature films, Comedies, Educational^ Instructive.
Prices 10c & 25c
A  pleasant evening's entertainment, House
comfortable, commodious and well heated
F. Mo Thompson Co*
The Quality Store
Blair mor e,  Alia*
Try t J.e.!|.<T Wnnt A_l«.
In all lines to clear our winter good
Men's Overcoats from $6.95 Regular price $10.00 We will clear all we have
at cost price. Men's one Buckle Overshoes, at cost price, $1.60 Lumberman's heavy Rubbers, from $1,50 Men's Hockey Shoes, size 7 to 10 at $2.75
Rfcfirulnr prices, $3.75 & $5.00 All felt goods to be cleared at cost price Children's 2-Buckle Rubbers, at$1.30 Men's heavy Underwear from $1.00 per suit
Soo our window for Groceries
Five Roses Flour per sack, $3.65   Apples per box, $1.50   B.C, Granulntcd
Sugar per sack, $1.35 No,) B.C. White Potatoes, $1.20 per 100 lb
Try our Dairy Bnttorat 30c-Our Qroetr.es are test 5 par cent for cash
J ' ' C---- ,3
:*■ .-,'".'
--   \V*K'
h' -
anized7Labor in
■■'. - ■■• •>•■■■'     " ■ '_"■.'■ ■'.■    • .
2#e Political Field
i        'N
,    ' <T ■
j,-**' 'yr. y
%\^-r< -■ ,% * - * -
■s;*^  S-
n ... i., -    .
l^<- , ' 7 r
y    /     ESPECIALLY IN B.C., FAVOR IT        ^
yEvery, school of thought, on its way
through the indefinite and tortuous
rout©, from a mere theory to a demonstrated tact, as expressed in tangible
practical results, is constantly endan-
' gereti' by either becoming superficial
losing sight ot its object and impatiently running after glittering deceptions, whloh if followed long enough
will lead to destruction, or by becoming doctrlnary where interpretations
andTphrases, together with certain academic declarations are given the first
place as being of vital importance.
Whore intolerance rejects the co-operation'of any.that does not subscribe
to the-doctrine of Interpretation, and
phrases, tho natural result of which
is to leave such school of thought In
Isolation, destroying Its force and effectiveness.
The only sure method of avoiding
these two serious conditions is to let
democracy rule, to make every section'of the working class an entity in
the working class political party, with
proportional voice and vote; with no
fear of thbughtless, superficial backsliding nor any regard for doctrlnary
objections. One of the immediate results of such a step would be to sweep
almost at once the entire i working-
men's vote into line with and support
of the worklngmen's political move-"
ment, with the co-operative commonwealth as the ultimate aim. Another
result would be toyinclude in its programme all the demands for betterment which the trade unions are trying for now by supplicatory methods
an__ which some workingmen see fit to
refer to with contempt as mere reforms, forgetting that they are them-
eelves ready at all times to avail themselves of the benefits of these "reforms," whenever any of them are achieved.
Yes, labor wants to go into politics.
The organized workers must go into
politics. The labor movement in British Columbia cannot go ahead without
taking such a step. The industrial
organization of the workers has reached a point in this province where to.
supplement it by political action Is absolutely necessary, or else dlsintegra-
"tion may 6e~~lodl.e~d~~foF"at an early"
date. The necessity for political "action is admitted hy the'overwhelmlng
mlajorlty of the workers. They realize
tho identity of interest between all
classes and sections of tollers, and
they also understand the irreconcilable conflict between their Interests
and tho interests of the employing
class. With- theso two facts firmly
fixed ln their minds, the. workers
could on the first election day after
the necessary organization, elect a substantial quota of members to the legislature, which would go on Increasing
with every subsequent election until
they would bo ln position to write the
laws nnd appoint ■ officials to admin
ister same impartially and honestly.
Today the workers are being hemmed
in "by legislation written by the serC
rants "of capitalism." Their rights
are being encroached upon by dis-
c'r'minatory laws and ordinances, To
remedy these evils there are/only two
ways; one by physical force and
ngalnst tbe law, the other by, legls-
lnli.e force and in accordance with
the law.      - ,
The necessity for the political move
being thus established, and the readiness of the -workers for that step having been shown, it becomes a question of bow to accomplish the political
organization of the workers.
The initial steps required for this
move on the part of the workers are
very important, when it is remember
ed that the solidarity displayed at the
polls depends entirely on the plan of
organization adopted. It would be.
better that a whole year were taken
in which to prepare the plan and, to
have it both comprehensive in scope,
democratic in its make-up and revolutionary ln principle, than" to rush
into the matter" with little or no organization to support lt.
In the judgement of the writer, all
that can be done at present is for the
forthcoming convention of the B. C.
Federation of Labor to instruct Its executive to seek a conference with any
and all provincial bodies that are in
its judgment eligible ,to political cooperation with the workers, for the
purpose of discussing and if possible
arriving at a basis of political co-operation for ■parliamentary representative ^purposes. A resolution should
also be adopted recommending to central bodies to take similar action for
both parliamentary and municipal representative ipurpcses. After the conferences mentioned above" had once
been sought or held, the labor organizations or such of them as wished to,'
could go ahead and start to organize
locally for political purposes, through
a separate committee, regardless of
whether the conference had been accepted or not, unless the labor representatives to the conference ■ advised
against any action.
A great political consciousness is"
awakening among tho membership of
the trades; modern capitalism Is teaching them day by day the great need
of supplementing their Industrial activity by a corresponding political action. This great force, whlch,.ls be-,
ing nursed tntl strength by tho struggle and hardships that capitalism Imposes, will respond to the call for a
united action for the economic emancipation of the masses, if only the organization is provided by which the
workers can express their solidarity.
The time and place Is here and now to
construct that organization. So let us
Join handB and do it.—B. C, Federal
tion! st. ^
CAPE BRETON, N. S.—The collieries of the Glace Bay district have'had
the most successful, year in the history of the industry. The output of
the Dominion Coal Co. for 1912.will
exceed 4,500,000 tons, showing an increase on the-output for, 1911 of, over
500,000 tons. This company has now
In operation 15 collieries, and two in
course of development. Several' others are projected in the near future."'.
, For a number of years.past the
Dominion Coal Co. has been perfecting a scheme for the. general electrification of its collieries, and the four
newest mines are operated exclusively
by electric, power. .The use of electricity underground has so far been restricted to the.driving of pumps, the
current being introduced into the mine
through bore-holes. Tbe motors are
all placed in fireproof pump''houses.
The mjping machines' are driven by
compressed air, obtained from electrically driven compressors on the surface. - _•      _   <,
A new power station was" recently
completed, which is interesting, in
that the boilers are of a novel type,
so far as ls known the first of their
kind in America, although a number
are being successfully operated in
England. These boilers are the In-'
ventlon of the late Lieutenant Bett-
ington, who was recently killed by a
fall from an aeroplane in the British
Army manoeuvers. The boilers are
fed, by dust fuel injected into a vortical combustion chamber under pressure, the dust, being consumed in a
vertical jet' some 20 feet in height'.
The combustion chamber is lined witb
firebrick set in without cement. Vertical water tubes are arranged in1 a
circle around the firebrick1 lining, the
superheated tubes being coiled spirally
around the vertical tubes. The flame
temperature in the combustion cham-'
ber reaches 2,500 degs. F., and all the
combustible matter of the fuel Is consumed, the irreducible residue falling
into the'pit as molten slag. The walls
of the combustion chamber are
said to need nb rellning as they are
automatically kept at one. thickness
by the deposition of molten slag, the
thickness being regulated by the cooling effect of the surrounding water
tubes.    '
The present installation consists
of three boilers, two of which are now
under steam. It is as yet too early to
say what results may be expected
from this innovation, but so, far they
justify sanguine hopes.
The electrical part, of the plant
consists of two 2,000-kllowatt turbogenerator units, the turbines taking
Nefos ^om the Cwi&B
■ .&  •   "*'-,   ... '  .■ ,\ , '    "V    S77?SXy77*Zy. .£
' - The respect and esteem in which
our late brother,.'Dave  Paton,  was'
held by the ipebple' of this camp, was
evidenced, by the  large  number. of
Creekites who journeyed to Fernie to
attend tbe funeral on Tuesday.   The
Coal' Creek Football Club players and
followers attended^ wearing the club
colors. ' , ": *
J .
. The mines were idle up here on
Tuesday for the funeral of our late
brother, Daye Paton. ■ - The company
kindly put on a special train for1 the
convenience of the residents up here
. Mr and Mrs. George Crabbe entertained a number of the'children "up
here to a supper and entertainment
held at the house-in Coyote Street
The youthful guests had evidently enjoyed themselves judging by the
bright, smiling faces. Mr > and Mrs.
Crabbe deserve praise for their efforts on behalf of the children.
The recent slide up here is ithe cause
of several ipeople leaving tbe high
side of the camp; arid quite a number
of young men boarders have secured
rooms in Fernie." sJirai Rodgers ' and
Jim Davidson with their cwives and
famlliea thave removed from ,Coyote
Street to Riverside Avenue.    . "~" '
We would like to know who the
stalbleman was who in a fit ot absent-
mindedness picked up a pair of rubber overshoes instead of his - dinner-
pail. Was dt- Indigestion from rub-
bec-siteak,which caused him,to lay off
the day after.
"It is said that Sandy will have to
look to his laurels, as we have discovered another carpenter at the club,
and Jim says he can put a window in
with the next one;--For further'particulars apply to E. English.
We are pleased to see Jack Combes
back again after his severe attack of
% D. F. Markland, company weighman
on the tipple, is laid up for a few days.
We (hope to see him around - soon.
We hope to see the Amateur Dra-'
matic Society at work again now that
the plays have arrived. AH interested please note. . Notice of meetings will be, posted on the boards.7
The many friends of Fred Leyland
(late^afternoon-shift tipple boss) will
SASKATOON, Sask., Jan 16—At.or-"
ney-General Turgeon, has informed;
Mr Robillard,- a leading picture show
house 7 man here, that the legislature
will pass a bill to raise the license
from $20 to $300, and further, that the
number of picture theatres In each
town or city will bo limited to one
for every 5,000 of the population,
There are 12 picture houses ln Saskatoon now, so six will havo to go urider this legislation. Plcturo theatre
men ln other points In Saskatchewan
will be equally hard hit undor the novi
Sudworth, G. Knox, TrWright,'F. Taj-,
bot, _,-Pete 'Dawson,'" R; :i^m»_»n_\T,
Moussetts, G. Crabbe, Sam.--.Wllllamsj'
duet, Brothers Morgan;,stump" speech,
J. H. Wilson."'- ,'■ S, i-T \ \y ..
r Jack Charnock, employed asi-a ^miner in- No. 9 mine; was removed to, the
Hospital on Friday last with' a broken
leg and crushed ankles as the result
of a cave.,., JVe^earn".that the unfor.
tunate fellow is progressing ^favorably,'
. On Wednesday, .Jan.-15, Joe Mc-_
Millan had the misfortune to fall down
a ladder while putting up a boom, dur.
lng the. course of his employment as
a miner in No..„l South Mine,"the
boom falling upon him:' ., It is feared
there ar£ internal injuries. . We hope
for the best. , • y     !'    -
,   -a '
♦ ♦♦♦♦'«►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ■' ,--,-'♦
♦ - <• '♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ ♦"♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
1 ''   '
The mines were closed down bn the
13th .owing to the breaking of tho
main shaft of the tipple.     "   -
Mr. Lewin, the company's chief
clerk, has left Bankhead and is replaced'in his duties by Mr. Kenny. ■
' Born on January 3rd, to Mr and
Mrs.' Clarke, jr.," a son. '
, The annual meeting of the school
district was held on Saturday lltlu,
inst.,.and was well attended, parties
larly by bosses! The business of tho
past year was dealt with, resulting-In
a motion that the trustees could
assess the ratepayers if they found it
was necessary.' The " meeting" waa
adjourned to meet at 7.30 on1 the'13th,
when the following men were nominated to fill the expired terms'- of. P.
Wheatley^ and J. W. Scarr were 'H.
Hill, P. Kubany, Wm. McDonald arid
F. .Wheatley, and resulted in the following votes being^cast: H. Hill, 37;
P., Kubany, 7; Wm. McDonald, 31;
F. Wheatley, 37. The casting vote of
the chairman, W McCardell, was given
to F. Wheatley. It was certainly the
most interesting event in v Bankhead
for, some time past, and not even the
priest-assisted "powers that be" could
accomplish the pushing of Wheatley
off the board. "...
►♦^^ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦.♦♦
-   _ BEAVER   MINES      ^     +
A Pure Cream of Tartar Powder
Dr. Wm. Sedgwick Saunders, Medical Officer
of Health or the city of London, Eng., was
good enough to say .that a long and universal experience has proved a cream of tartar
powder the most efficient, safe and economical,, making food which could not be
deleterious to the most delicate stomach.
; In England the safe of baking powder
containing ahtm is absolutely prohibited.
great time down at his home in Indiana. - Several ■ letters and 'postcards
have been received from him this
weok. c -   1..
Joe Hewitt, who.left this camp for
Australia, some time ago, writes that
he Js having a grand time. "He says
"I like the snow, bui give me the
'Shades of the sheltering " palm.'"
Good lad, Joe.     Success to you.
The iboyu held a smoker in the Club
Hall on Saturday evening last.., The
following contributed tholr «quota to
tho programme: ' Chairman, John
Moore. Songs were given by, the
following; Messrs R. Morgan, J. Bre-
nnan, Joe McMillan, Tom'Price, Rock
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«
Have you given
a thought?
Do you roalizo tliat in en so of (loath thoso nearest and dearest
to you may be in dive need?
Ih it not'your duty to protect your wife and littlo ones against
sucli a possibility?
I. can safeguard you against tliis by giving you a policy in the
Some think that men Vorking in and around the mines are not
eligible for insurance,    This is not a fact with tho SUN LIFE
I can insure your life under any kind of a policy on easy terms,
Come ,'md see mc and let me explain.    '
The mines were idle four days last
week, the first two for want of cars,
through the engine and cars being
stuck in *t5ne~ of the cuts in the snow
and not being able to get through until
the road crew dug them out, the other
two Idle days were through the boilers getting out of gear.,
Mr. Clem Stubbs was in camp on
the ' 3rd of the month. He wont
through tbe mine and visited most of
the working places along with Manager ■ McVIcar and the secretary of the
Local Union, with a view to drawing
up a contract. .He was io meet Mr,.
McNeil ln Calgary on Tuesday, 7th, to
discuss matters ln connection with
same, and tho boys nro' anxiously
waiting the result of their meeting,
Old Jajslc Watson has started work
on the iplcklng tablo at tbo new tipple,
■Tack hns boen a long tlmo Idle now
through his accident, whjch happouwl
sixteen months ago, when he fell from
a horso,
Torpy nnd Cameron's pool hall-Is
moro Hvoly theso days slnco thoy got
tho phonogniiph going, They hnvo
all the latest records for sale, nnd' a
few good machines.
Dnvo Thomson, who had iboon at
Lothbridgo for n fow days, roturnod
last week-end,
Quito a fow mon havo started at
No. t Mine. Tlioy aro putting In tho
track and when tbla mlno Is rendy
thero will bo work for a lot more won.
IIob Drown, tlio maBtor mechanic
hero, was silling for liis first clnss
papors at tho rocont examination hold
at Lothbridgo. Wo nil hopo bo „ot
Tho round houso Is completed nnd
tbo onginoB nro tint In thoro to snort
whon notion tho go.
Quito a fow mon quit last wook
thrpugh tho mlno bolng Idlo. Ono
folfbw'lo.t without shaking bnndR or
saying goodtbyo to nomo of. tho merchants. It's too bad tho ono who
went after him on horseback did not
catch him. Wo bollovo tho samo boy
has boon nt tho gamo boforo.
Alox. Thornton Is drlvor boss In lho
Mr. Ucavor, manager at T. Lcliol's
storo hero, loft last wook for tho Bait
on a visit to his homo.
• .Mr. W. Shaiw has left here to. fill
the position of superintendent at the
mines*' at Hosmer, B. C. We are sorry
to lose bAinr. "-    -' 1
■ Mr. S. Wright' has' been called upon
to fill Mr. Shaw's place as 'pit boss at
No.< 2 Mine. ' - '
Mrs. J. Jackson and children have
recently returned from a visit to Coleman.     ",   ' \ " "
The Calgary Hockey team visited
Canmore'and Inflicted a severe defeat
on^the local,team, the score standing
at 14 goals to six in tlieir favor. However. Canmore proved superior to the
Cochrane 'team, defeating them-by. i_
to 3. -        ■> , '    y
The "'mines-, were idle on Monday
last on account of funerals.
Mr. Turnbull, of Calgary, was a visitor liere from Calgary' in connection
prs' Hall, which was~ blown out recently.    .-■'"■
Everyone was pleased to-note ,the
presence.of Vice-President J O. .Tones
ln'our midst for a'couple of days this
week. On account of a funeral ln
Pernio he was compelled to, leave hurriedly. "
On Monday, January 29th the famous Pan-American^ Troupe will provide ' nn evening's entertainment at
tho Miners' Hall. Don't fall to hear
- The Canmore Hookey tonm are visiting Cochrane on January 16th.-
Agent for
Sun Life Assurance Co-
ihni ui* tuotnur wais Mriouufy iii unit
not expected to get hotter.
All hope for an amicablo settlement
of tho coal strike' on Vancouver Island vanished. into thin nlr with tbo
instructions given by premier Mc-'
Brldo to the labor commission on its
Initiation at Victoria tho otihor' day,
to avoid the affected district. As a
consequence, the commission lm»
drawn up ri Bchodulo which entirely
Ignores tho domands of tho miners for
an Investigation. '
Ono of tho fundamental principles
of British fair play wid justtco is tbat
ovory man Ih glvon a fair trial by bis
poors or equals, nnd this Is what
twelve hundred-minors aro asking for.
'Wioy, In accordance with tho Invitation extended to thorn by Sir lllchard
McBrido at Ladysmlth pn .March 23
of last year, whon ho stated thnt an
appeal from two or moro minors would
bo sufficient to causo a most search-
ing and thorough Investigation of
tholr complaints, Imvo asked for and
hnvo boon rofusod a court to Inquire
Into tbo charges thoy mako of discrimination, resulting In clangor to tholr
Whon attaolcod on tho publlo platform nt Ladysmlth on tho day mon-
Uoned.'by Pnrkor Williams, M.P.P., In
rogrard lo his attitude to tho minors of
British Columbia, Uio promlor ropllod
according to tho brlof roport published In lho Nows-Advortlnor of March
"Thoro Is not an Inspector who .has
not bad authority from, tno, througli
tho chlof Inspector, tliat any or all tbo
mines may bo closed at onco that
thero can bo an adequate protection
of tho IIvm of thn m*«n pnrnwd In this
He bad word (hazardous ocoupatlon.    I ean honost.
TORONTO, Jan. 3,—With a vlGw to'
securing coal for'union men and women at a moro reasonable price than
is demanded by tho local coal dealer's..
tho-district trades and labor council
members of organized labor In general..
tonight appointed n special commltteo
of "soventoon delegates to formulate
a polioy upon which a "coal club!'
might be established among tho local
An auction, sale UKes place Ibis P/irker Williams,'*
wook-ond noxt door to Joo Smith's.
Everybody is invited to come along
and got a sbart. of tho good things.
You gat all you want for next to nothing, at least so tboy say.
A. basket social in aid of tbe R C.
Church is being held on Monday, 20th,
In tha Pioneer Hall,
Phil Kroil left for Pocahontas last
wtmV to look for work. He sayi be
might blow In again about spring,
And tbe hoys are having another
high oft time, bnt the fellow who I,eld
th* lantern Is gone.
Vlaotnt Cotliaa has votm oil noik
for no/mi Mmo trith n barf oyo, 'Wj
hopo ho will soon ba able to _tart
ly Bay that 1 havo more concern for
tbe safety of tho miners than has
This statement wna made 'prior to
tho oloctlon, and like most of the premier's ^lodges was not mado to bo
remembered, nut tho miners remembered It, and when twelve hundrod of
them agreed that conditions In the
minus were nol conducive to the safety of their llvos they demanded of
Sir Richard,' who had boaoted of hla
"corioarn" for them, an Investigation,
tU«ty wui'tt .utuawl itatut-blauk, and not
content with that, he admonishes the
eommlstton appointed to Inquire Into
labor troubles to keep away from, that
Tbe coal ___lfl«r« *re nol striking for
tho fUa, if .L Then*, may bo, ampta
Jattif.eat.on for tha trouble, aad again,
thtilr foara may bo groundless, hut
Street Car Drlvor: Mo and,that off
horse has boon working tor '.ho com
pany for twelve ycnrB now.     '
Passongor: That, bo? , Tho company must think a groat deal ot you
both. '    '.     ,.,    „
Stroot Cur Drlvor: Wall, I dunno;
laat week the two pf us WM taken flick
and thoy got n doctor for tho horso
and docked mo. Old-up thero, now,
Ilotaoy.—Now York Tribune.
Don't you bollovo that experience Is
bettor than hoaraay? If you suffor
from piles, juoi try Znm-Bulc, You,
cac do so at our oxpenso, Ho assured
nro wo of tho result that wo will sond
you a freo, trial box it you eend to
our Toronto officon full nnmo and ad*
dress and a ono gont stamp to par
roturn postage
Scores of peoplo dally acquaint ua
wltb tho benollt thoy have dorlvod.
from tho use of Kam»I.uk for piles,
Mr. V. Astrldso, of 3 BU Paul St., St,
Catharines, Ont., saym "For flvo yoara
I havo uuflarcd untold agony wltb pro*
tudlng pllfts.   The pain was so great
"I lost welaht and had no appotltu,
1 tried everything 1 over board ot (or
piles, a* I was willing lo take anything to get relief. It was useless,
however, and I almost gavo up In
"One day a friend gave me a samnla-
ot '/ayi-uuk nnd told me ot a tr.ond
ot his who had been eurcd. 1 deetded
to try Zam-Buk, and tho relief 1 got
waa encouraging. 1 used three boxes,
and at tho end of (hat tlmo I waa com*
pleloly cured, t with J could have got
Zam-Buk years ago; It would hava
saved me a great deal of misery "
Zam-Duk will also bo found a aure
enra for cold sores, ehapped hands,
fml btUt_, ulcui'i-, Uuudt-i.hu.i_, va.W
cose sores, scalp sores, ringworm. In*
Darned patches, bsbli.i* eruptions and
ebapp<M_ p.mn, cuts, burns, bruises,
and skin Injuries generally, AU drug*
gists and storeM sell at toe. box, or
post fm ffwm 7>«m-Bflk Co.. Toronto,
nrwwt rfwlpt of prl**. Yen aro warn*!'
atalnst harmful imitations and substitutes. See tha registered natM»
"Zam-Buk," en evory package
■< A
that does not alter the fact-tbat in- •;
stead ofthe Open Investigation,they   ^ ■
have -.'courted,, pleaded, for,*., and  de-     .
manded, they,have been answered, not'
In the affirmative,, as they had .been * ,
led to believe by the'i>remler, but with -7
the invasion of mounted police and the ■' •
opening of the mines'with Chinamen
and. Japanese. "  v s '"
What.is it that McBride-is,.afraid     ■
of ir granting an Investigation to tbe
miners?*   Is it tbat he fears his in-.-
efficiency as, minister of mines .wilt  ,-
lie revealed? ' ' -   ,- -T
Once last.year his department" was
impeached by a coroner's jury' sitting;
in-Inquiry on the bodies of the men
killed by the explosion In the Diamonds,
tf.ile disaster.'_ He,-promised a prompt"V
and * searching Inquiry .^into- this, but' -
the Investigation, came ""seven .months.._
laiter.'' and was held"by7an employee   "„
of the government,, Mr.'John Stewart," \.
a real'estate agent -/ofV'-Ladysmith..,^,"'-'
whose experience Tin mining has, been - '
gleaned from the-sale of stocks1 and "*
honds.   -      ■•'•>■       .- ».    -   ■ „      - y
■ It1 is a breaclfof law to-criticize the--
fliadlng of a court, but' it Is not a" crime y,
to criticize the man- who appointed an. '\
employee* of/the government, wfhose    ;
impartiality as registrar of voters dld~
not hinder him from canvassing the "
district in'favor .of .the.Conservative"-. '
[candidate,last.election,-nor prohibit-" '
ed him from acting ,as chairman' ot    '
Premier McBride's meeting..       , '7
Surely there is something more than .
a" technicality. In the mariner in which.'^
the* C-inrges .have been' made, .that- ,
prevents the-.minister of mines from- ,
granting a full and open investigation.
Into conditions which the miners say ;.
threaten their lives—Vancouver Sun".
«aWS«(__^'19P*rt*^^^ff*-«*«*- 'rrf'
'  t-^rtit^Kjr-WwM**'-1
M •f-;j>£,;
_~v . -
j   js--;
tfr -     -.■_.   -       **     -   j <-      * *■ * >>■   *■_     .*,   __ *? ? _   i>^.'\,--. *   *t
-;: '"■■ ^S- %^^in^_^^:^^S:^ar^
"7bonie.'for patients;
Galena Blk., Ro6m/VPoi_t'iind;iir^iO
.•/•'aide; Spokane^.Wash.
i      . ....      .   .
One: of the
1     THE^l^piC^LElJGERf FERNIE, B. 0, JAmTAKY 18, 1913
C J. ECKSTORM   "  Prop;
Lethbridge, Alta.        I
:.~-::v"   ; , -—!
Beware, of
Sold on the
Merits of
^I*W%n\ Female Pills
y-   ' y    i
,A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Quand je lis les depeches'envoyees
_?ar les correspondants ^de --guerre,
quand j'entends les hommes",' au.outdo moi, commenter la tragedle qui se
deroula la-has, dans ce pay's que je
connaIs,'-mes .pensees de femme'suK
vent" leur-,pente naturelle.. ' he soft
de marpatrie n'est pas en' jeu. Mon
coeur est Hbre.de toute baine,'eV par-
mi les valnqueufs et les valncus, ma
sympathie peut choisir d'abord ceux
qui souffrent.-Turcs'ou Bulgares, Chretiens ou musulmans. Et par dela les
champs de bataille, elle va vers ces
autres victimes de.la guerre; ies femmes, toutes les femmes de la Turqule
et des Balkans.
grines, heritieresdes rudes traditions
de Sparte et de Rome, ont etonne l'Oc-
cident par leur -bravoure et leur.abne-
gatioil.-; Dans les champs depeuples,
dans les villes a demi videes.de ci-
toyens, elles ont'.accompli,..saris de-
faillir, les .taches viriles. . Elles ont
quittele fuseaii pour ,1a .charrue et
demain,, elles quitteraieut la charrue
pour_le fusil. Seules, au foyer desert,
elles supportent la pire des eqreuves:
l'incertatude; puisque les chefs ne per-
mettent nas renvoi-des lettres qui
pourraient reveler,  par megarde,  le
-Nearly every large city in Canada
has a branch of the "Home Reunion
Association." This is an organlztlon
of business men formed,for the purpose of loaning^ money to. workmen
who are living in this country and
who have left their wives and families
in England and elsewhere, whilst the
bread-winner comes out here to try
and rebuild the home which socialism
has broken up in the country of his
birth." " _
Tho shrewd Gradgrindmlnd of the
Co soir,s je 'me sens si tranquille
dans ma maison,' auppres de mes enfants endofmis. ,   La lumiere, de ;la
|lan_pe est'st douce! ,, Les mure me
pprotegent-si bien!      Autour de monies, la ville pacifiqueet laborie'iise
ne recele aucune' menace,  dont  ma
telidresse "de femme et de mere puisse
s'alarmer,.   ll me sembie-que- la la
vie est bonne...'/Mais mon coeur se
trouble, car, tout a coup,, je nie sou-
viens...   Je revols, a travers l'einou-
vant recit de LudovicNaudeau, cette
ample et molle vallee de la Maritza ou
se nouent trois rivieres, parmi les'hu-
mides (paturages, sous les-fr-isorinants
peupliere.     Je~ revois Andrinople au
loin/tas decagernes, de forts, de bat-
isses.de coupoles, que dominent le
dome colossal et les quatre minaret
gigantesques1 (ie  la  mosquee  Sultan-
Selim. -    '■ "
ne savent pas si leurs enfants, leurs
marls, leurs fiances, leurs peres. sont
vivants ou mortis, s'ils n'agonisent pas
dans les fanges glacees de la plaino
de Thrace.
J'admire ces vaillantes femmes..
Pourtant, ,11 me semble que la sympathie qui les entoure, le reflet.de glolre
que projette sur leur fronts-sur les
plus humbles fronts—la victoire rem
portee par les homines de leur race,
dolvent les fortifier et les consoler.
Mais les pauvres dames'turques!..
Que savent-elles due monde? Par
quels echos, par'quels lambeaux, ap-
prennent-elle's I'effroyable verite! Elles aussi souffrent le martyr© de l'in-
cerUtude-^t la certitude,' quand elle
vient, est faite de honte et de dou-
leur. ' - , '        n.
ei- n
BELLEVUB,' Alborta
, Every
Moals that tagto liko
iii othor usod to coolc
Best in the Pass
Jos, Grafton, Proprietor.     ,
Liquor Go.
"Wholosalo Dealer* in
Liquors m
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
tist of Locals District 18
■ ,| .
fit »!A«»r . "
». oa   n««w.«7 *" "nfl K 0> AODRE88
mt! ciinmow*  « *"***"'^*™»]0> Pieman, AJla.
ImI ~a"mow • •"., N. D. Thao link, Canmora, Alia.
SS %lTn Wl 0rahftra' Co]m™> A,l*<      "'
■m ?u.       J' JonM- Corb,n' nc-
Wll S, "    . «"*■ "'• 3' 8,lnton,' Ch,no«>,f Mlnea, Alta.
"J! SiTu        7 A,tartftik,.DH__iondCI_ff_Uttbrid_».
i*at I   .      T',<",• T,ph,n- v*rn,<!> n- c>
•Im 51.        Kvftn Mor»n» Frank, AUa.
Ims'iSS""-'.'"v. W' n»M««eoBe. froaiuor, n. C.
mj JL.SS '     jM' 0or<,°"' ««««"••. Alia.
,! rfrSfl"!•• •••••", ^ "°°r*'   mi> 8IS[th Avenue, N'orth Lothbridgo.
.11!   «?_. .         R0Url T*y,or« M»p,fl u"r» Mtorn*. AHa.
*W<   >'Wi«l M. norrtll, JHtbtJ, D. C.
U Woaawft Mln* .... Wm, Hynrf, Rlnm, p. Q, Tnbor, Altai
2352 raaaliurjr ;. A. Z,uik»r, Passburg, Alta.
WM noyal Vlaw aao.Joidan, Royal Calllwles Uihbridge. Alia.
1959 Tabar ,, a, Pattataoa, Tabar, Alfa.
101 Tabar w» r«fsyth TaW, Alta,    -
Dans cettecampagne de, Thrace, par
les belles-journees d'un avril tout en
fleur,, j'al, parcouru ces chkssees hou-:
leuses.'ces routes defoncees qu'envahit
maintenant le flot bulgare.' L'image
de la guerre.n'est>as,.en' mon esprit
comme une sorte - de' vaste fresque
fumeuse et confuse', un grouillement
rouge dans un. decor indistinct. Elle
se precise en scenes dontje puis re-
construlre'exactemerit'le cadre, et quand je lis ces mots; "les villages bru-
lent," je Deux retrouver la place, ia
forme, l'aspect de ce villages;..-
Qu'etes-vous devenues, paysannes de
la grande^ferme des B... femgnes aux
votre sein, Sar.peur du mauvais.oeil,
vos nourrissons pariels.a des chrysa-
lides, charges de ces perles bleues qu_t
dit-on,-portent bonheur? Voire ferme
est brulee' sans dbute;' vos. hommes
enroles de force ou.assassines; qu'a-t-
on fait de vous, creatures, innocentes
commo vos brebis? Peut-etre mortes
adns la ferme en ruines, peut-etre
egorgees aubord du chemin, peu-etre
errantes sous- la. plule, affamees; epu-
isees n'aynnt plus de force que .pour
serrer votre petit enfant sur votre
Je songe a vdus au3sl. dames 'grec-
qties d'Andrlnoplo, qui m'aimlez, parce
quo, Francalse, j'etls, pour Vous, un
peu do la Franco quo vous ne ebnnals-
alez pas.    Enfermees dans Ia vlllo in-
vostle, sous la plule do fer et de feu,
manquant do pain, nffolees d'nngolsse.
quelles heures affreusos vous dovea
vlvre, ce soir!.,   Vous redoutez la
defo4te  autant  quo, la- victoire,  car
vous ©tos chretiennoB, et les grilles du
harom, sneroos pour lo muaulman, no
vous defondent pas contro los repre-
sallies que'jo n'oso lmaglner...
. Vous otos, par la rollglon et ln race,
Plus pros, do nous—mals ces fommos
do vos onncmlB seculairos, vos vols-
inos turques, jo Iob'iibbooIo n vous
driiis mon souvenir fraternal et duns
ma coniimsslon.
Ellos m'ont garde rancuno, pnralt-
I), do_.leB avoir dopolntos avoc uno
Hlncorito ou ellos voulalont trouvor
qnolqiio malice.. Elles no pourralont
ima mo tonlr rlgueur, sl olios snvaient
uvoo quolle • nmltlo .fratornollo ' Jo
Bongo a lours doulcurs eachoos, a lour
courngo onvelopiw do sllonco,
_, D'autros fommes, qbpoiisos ot mores
en deull, ponvont pnrlor, dofondro la
momolro do lours mortB, nffirmor lour
volonto do Httcrlflco pntrlotlquo. I,ob
Sorbos, los UulgaroB,   Iob   Montana.
Leur maris-sont partis; leurs fils
sont partis. _ Elles savent, ou elles
sauront.bientot que ces hommes vail-
lants etaient menes comme un trou-
peau a-'l'abattoir, par chefs criminels,'
sans provisions, sans .munitions, sans
medecins. - -Elles savent ou sauront
que leur courage et leur infortune
n'ont pas reussi a sauver l'honneur
otoman devant l'Europe.
' Que ces.braves gens s'oient tombes,
c'est la fortune de la guerre, et des
femmes.au.coeur noble, comme les
dames turques, aocepterruent avec
fierte cette epreuveT imposee.par le
sort,.si 'l'epreuve n'etait aggravee par
l'idee abominable que le sacrifice etait
Inutile. >
Pauvres, pauvres femmes! parce que
vous.etes voilees et' intccessibles,
■Parce, que-'votre desespoir muet ne
tracerse pas les ariurs de votre prison
domestique, on oublie de "s'attehdrir
sur vous. Ou oubile que vous avez
la meme faculte .d'aimer et de souf-
large sums of moneys are sent out of
Canada every month by workmen to
support their families whom they, have
left behind.-- That money means trade,
and tliere is naught in heaven above
or.earth below that   is   better than
trade, to the mind of a  real estate
man, or your modern aromatic grocer.
It is very amusing to hear a real
estate man voicing his imperial sentiments and his love of,the flag.   But It
is more than, funny to see him using
the flag which he professes toiove so
well, for the purpose of advertising his
land  "snaps,"  and   l)e   will   chase  a
Chinaman   with   the   most   indecent
haste if he thinks he can-get a few
dollars profit by selling him a piece
of the British Empire.   ' Neither does
your enterprising grocer scorn to decorate his nasty little sugar bags and
soda, packets with libellous portraits
of 'the first gentleman in the land,','
and his loyal' consort too, if he thinks
that by so doing it will enable him to
sell his wares .quicker and make more
• VICTORIA, B. C, Jan. ^i-Tlie Attorney General will introduce a bill
next session Jor'the regulation of moving picture sffows and' the censoring
of films. It" is understood that the
bill will make it imperative that all
houses must be kept so lighted that
the audience can find their way in and
out without difficulty at.any stage.
NEW DENVER.-The Slocan Record has the following advertisement:
Boy wanted-Witt sand; healthy, fond
of sport, not anxious to fight nor,anxious to quit when once started, with
a knowledge of the Shorter Catechism
as a groundwork in English; able to
tell the truth when necessary; not
addicted to clgs. just a boy. not all
saint not all devil, to learn printing
business. Don't want one versed in"
profanity. The editor can do all the
swearing for the establishment without interfering with the office routine
cAn advertisement   in
is a .paying investment.
the   District
Rent ?
Je sals que vous etes.'presque tou7
tes bonnes 'et-"te__dres, et que vous
vous attachez a 1'epoux que vous n'av-
ez a 1'epoux que vous n'avez pas choisi.
Je sals que vous tees .des meres pas-
Blonnees, et que vos fils vous cheris-
sent. ' , -,
Des que l'on vous' instrult un peu,
des qu'on soulevo un soln de votre
voile, >svous accueillez spontanement,
trop spontanement, les idees qui vous
paraissent'ibelles et grandes. Et Je
me rapelle—avec une polgnante trls-
tesse!—ces oxquises , jeunes femmes,
■lnstltutnlces'a l'ecole des filles d'An-
drlnoplo qui tno dlsalent;"
—Nous voulons- ce que la rollglon
ipermot, et elle ne nous oblige pns a
l'lgnoranco. Nous voulons devonlr
des femmes mollleuro's, blen elover
nos enfants _iour lo pays, pour la pau-
vro Turquio!,.
Ou otos-vouB, en co moment, graves
ct. douceB .personnes, plus modostos.
quo les -revoltees do Slamboul, touc-
hiuitos par votre doslr du boeu et du
blen, par ,votro Volonto ingenuo? Ou of tho C P
otea-vous, petltos filles votuos* do sat-
in ou d'lndlenno,, colffoo do -paillettes
ot do strasB, qui savloz sl blen montror
Paris surla carte d'Europo et jouor la
"MarBolllalso" nvee un dolgt, sur lo
vloux .piano?
La iponsoo 'quo vous otos mnlheiirou-
boh, quo voub souffrcz quo vous plou-
roz, oo Bolr, pondant quo j'ocrlflcoB
llgnos ou mon amotion no imsuo pna
tout ontloro, cotto pon«oo alourdlt mon
coour ot met uno onvbro unr mes yeux
However, to come back to our muttons: The "Home Reunion Association" has' discovered that the love
of "home" is something which all
men will do much for, aiid has.laid its
plans for the_purpose of exploiting
that home love for all it is worth,   .
The Gradgrlnds gathered' themselves together, and each put so much
money into- the business. Then
they spread it abroad that they were
prepared to loan that, money in various' sums, at "reasonable interest,"
to "deserving persons" -who wish to
bring their families out to join them
in Canada. This brings scores of applications from workmen'' who are
anxious to be reunited   with    those
thfiV—loV — anil—lirCtfcn.,*.—.. .u, .•__. ■ .
-    -.—±VT -I——«%*— ..aLuOUi,— .yhOiju- nitidis
not worth living. -But not every.one
that saith unto me "A loan, a loan,"
shall enter the number of the blessed.
First of all a man- must' be able to
show that he is able to repay the
money by being in regular work.
Thon his employer must be able to
testify that the workman is a good
"steady" man, and a 'deserving person," according to the specifications.
That means that he must be a man
who is not likely to kick for moro
wages, for fear of losing his job, and
is not likely to join one of those
wicked trado unions which are composed of "coarse persons," who are
always agitating for moro wages,
which would enable tliem to . bring
their loved ones out without having to
surrender every scrap of personal
dignity by crawling to their masters
for a loan to finance the job with,
When tho worker has entirely satisfied tho Association that ho is a
worthy Biibjoct for tholr long-sighted
chnrlty, ho gots his loan, nnd, having
h!ln?otlJt °.vor t0 tno tondor morclos
R., lio eventually gotf) his
family, whose grown-up members cnn
then compoto with tholr father for n
Job ln tlio lnbor market.
Liquor Appetite
Is not Inherited  >
It is acquired through Alcoholic
|, Poisoning    which    Neal    Treatment eradicates In 3 days.
v Ethical aid which takes away
liquor appetite—Given at the
Neal Institute.
The Neal Institute
Mrs EDITH  BENT, Manager.'
,   Cranbrook, B.C.'
Box 325.
When you can own
your own home?
We have for sae
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coe-
man at a prices.   We
can suit your income.
,Ca „ and see us.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund           6,460,000
D. R. WILKIE, President
6,000,000       Capital Paid Up  ....       6,460,000
Total Assets      72,000,000
«»—* C**j£ Jn*, «*__, w^ Mlch*; „„,,„, N.,„„.
"evelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria
- '  .  SAVINGS DEPARTMENT      ' '   "   ',     '
t:^" ^P^^t-cgrrenirfate from date of deposit.
GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
.-Through   history's   pnrly   records
right down to tbo prosont day, sterling
manhood Iuih comitinmiart first ntton-
tlon from tlio fair sex,   Rvory wo.
man ndmlros tho m.in whoso physical
bearing viampt blm a dlHclpie of an.
dont licroulOH—aii I n, mtn oC powor
nmong mon.    Whnt hnndt.es not ,'ooi
• ,tJ '" •» I'la.t.d •■•umniutlon—fcol
fnnftMrfl »■]& &„ u^fk41cu 0( m,
rod viRor In every fibre of his mako-
up? Listen! Dlt, METZORR'S BODY
nATTicny Ima put icoroi of mon in
.in on,v!?Wo Portion—omlowod the.n
''' ■: v.:". _j,».^ iuii «xtnc.i»o ol their
miuculimt powew, u will do tho
miti© for you, rt l» 300 por cont oa*l-
or to wear thnn othor apparently nihil-
inr dfivlcea—400 por c«nt greater in
efficlcncy-r-contalns oloctrlo battor;e»
not burning acMs. if ,n nohl nt a
low cont—no unnecessary frills to p,r/
"or     Lossos oortM* witli t\n m.n,   l(.\
-*iAnting, milling Jnnuenco euro
Urltocelo and kindred ailment*
^Nrlte for full particulnra at onco tt.
Wrt»« at onto for particulars (o
Corns* 7th Avs. a^ Srd 8lrttt ^
Hy II. (J. Cupplos
Ah wills Rlvo n pocnllnr IdhIkIh |vto
tho clinractor of thoso niaklnK tliom,
tho wills of our Rroat Amorlcnn pn-
trlot» mny help uh to bottor imdoi-
Bland why tlioy nro considered ureal.
Vlmll M, Mnrrls Hays: "Out or evory
ono liundrod pooplo nlxty-rivo loavo no
OHtnto at nil, and Ioh thnn ton pi-r
cont or nil tho .xioplo lonvo oxcoodlnK
Among lho many Item* In tho largo
(ifitntos or Patrick Henry woro bl*
Hlavou. Ho willed twonty of his slavoft
"lho pick of them all," to his wlfo.
Patrick ownod many alavos nnd now;
wo»mi*u ins grip on a HlnRlo ono wlillo |
».«.* u,,u u, i.rt.Mdw.v «uM nil hli eommc ofthofr carca^, ||'keVman7
Our much-worried workor then flnda
tlmt his troubles tiro jiikt boKlnning,
ror his debt, in tho abnpo or that loan,'
liauntfl him BloopInB or awnko. Llko
nil tho worklns class, ho has a horror
of debt. Not bo with bin master or
bis kind; Ho rather glories In IjoIiir
In debt. Ho doos not scorn to own
IiIh tailor bill n yard long, or his wino
moi'dmnt ono twlco as lonjr, In fact,
his capacity for Incurring ilobt Is only
limited by tho crodunty or his erodi-
torH, nnd only excelled by his houh.
With llio workers It Is difforont:
thoy novor roHt ns long ns thev aro
In debt, nnd even If thoy wore Inclined
to, tholr creditors would not lot thi.m.
Tonaonwontly.wlth tbo debt, to tho
"Home ..minion AsRoclntlon" ImnKltifr
ovor his head the worker will put up
wllh alnoHt nny condllloiis his Ijokh
trlnB to impoHO upon him, nnd the
mow Micro on. like him, the harder It
In for the.trndo unionist to mnko n
successful flffht for tho butter eon-
dlllonB which ho cannot wt for him-
«olf wltboiitRottlnff ihnni for tho othor
follow as well.
Thoso mon who romo out under dobt
tr»   tlllo   A nrirfflill' •■    I • <
.  "-   »«i«t--i tttUIMI
tnnt wnnrw horn liont Jivt Hih mini, a-
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
ome dank » Canada
Jnnwtry is iho month whon tho Home Bank is apodal.? Iiusv o,»oninK
now rhviiikn iiocounta. Tlioro fa. no fonnnlity, «oi.IQ with «>»« dollar,
leave your nuino. and ndclra*, roBiR(or your Higmituro mid lnl(
|)»kh lionk.    Kvory dollar deposited ennis Tull
o your
compound interval,
TORONTO Drnnc,ic8*ndconnecti°n»
iyj throughout Canada
ot prone nt wit Iii ii the
•■■";'— a «'/.»•■! K*,.i t habit
wbich i« mmihn ynur Me
bytlfRrccs; If you are auf.
itnuir from tbo nmi\l» of
pjtnt (udiMrutiuni; it your
bloo.1 ImnbcL'ti tnlntetl from
«JavoB to IiIh || wlfo "oxeopt Hnrvoy,
Milton, Henry nnd nob."
Andrew Jaeknon, the boimted friend
or tho common pooplo, willed All hln
nlave» to lilu adopted «on.
And nowromoi. ttonr^o Waihlngton,
<ho hntchot mnn, who willed all hla
Hlnvri tr> Mb wlfo "Except I Blvc lm-
medlato freulom to William Uo. a
mulatto, who Ih cripple and unable to
wnlk," quotlna tlio word* of Wmft-
IiiRton til.iw.lf in hln will.
What XAtiA rtf liberty doM n gjaVf.'.
vultiiroa nwnltlnK tbo finli.li of bnttlo.
The worker undor modern condi-
tlonii flnda himself unnblo to nnntl-
mental ovor thin qiwiatlon. Hp'roal-
lw» thnt If there oro moro Job* than
men, b« cnn Ket .. bottor wa«« and
bettor condition*; nnd that if there
un, more men thnn job«, he baa n hard
Hmo to keep going,
Con»r-/,upntly, whiut bn ran tinder,
stand tho dcalro of otheri of hln kind
to he reunited wllh tholr famille. he
la bitterly opimncd to nny jichemo for
owning rtnsH ovi>r Hzht tor?   hlhcrtv 'lnlnuii.i,   .i,. .,   i
Neither J„. („rft nor Ka^l Marx CvZX^XftiVZt
em to have Mt a w„,.-.Th. «w were on the ^d ~XW w   ,!l n
C. Federatlonlat.
lng Nation.
i"» )W
••UM ti >ou are married end live in dreailW •ymKoina breat'tni
out and ex
Cor. Mkhlf an Ave. and Grliwold St, Detroit, MieL
•±i»-u_SM__!l!m>v * Kew,">v. WUW, o.t PAGE TEN
-."j,v - -*».-.--
.--.-V^-Y-f -d•?   )\i V.
. .yyyyi yy .
:..^- THE DISTRIOT>LEDSE3it,;;|^OTE;rB>.C.^JANUAEy_.18, l^,?:-£ff.:£^^ .-A^*&'£^.;i». *-^Y**£e£
____!_: I!_______________________________»__________^______________«_m_____________«__^
- v
**   "J
Oui; Great Annual Stock-Taking "Sale continues to,
hundreds of people who appreciate a::genuirie bargain.     Many huur
dreads of dollars have heen saved;hy those who toolt advantage bl ,-.-....._ .^ .--. w -..-- -..-.,_^,,.,_, .-,_ ^,_-(_-
our last week;s specials.    We have decided to continuelour sale :upv\;V.:i)^st.iMid l^veno;^
to and including Saturday, Jan. 25th, to give everyone a chance;to :-    \ goods into ca$& ^bef^ '"
share in the great money saving items put onthis week.        x"\' ^ ./; :;   reductions.   Everything ^dvettise^
. — f * ~ -      ' .. * v'_.-..'..-.   .ti . , -', O ..*-..-■■- * ,~z,*.i- ._-.-.- '-      •      *. -iM** _z—  - .   -■  .      - - ___!!_fl*___iN»__jl_l!]____9
'>. ,  ,S i I  ,'-l
^^^.^-^■.V-v. ^-* I
f\?* -** =_■ ** wp_vr*1
.<_ ..
Special Stocktaking, Salo
'rice on Men's high-class'bench-
tailored. Suits for Saturday selling. Imported'- "Tweeds and.
Worsteds in all the new-colorings; made up in the season's
latest styles, .will be sold at
This is an exceptional opportunity to secure  a   high-grade,
stylish   and   serviceable   Suit,
, and should not be missed.    , -
Men's heavy Fleece Underwear, natural color only; all sizes from *'
34 to 44 will be sold on Saturday and Monday only, at 50c. per garment.    Be sure you get some of this early in the day as only a limited
quantity.will be sold at this price. - "«.-.'
Stocktaking exposes Remnants of every description, _all carefiuiy
n.ccsureu »u.d markedjat piui-e ] rices.'- Tw _ inrge" tables "in the aisl«.<_
are ove'fl.'wing ->,\ith bargains in lengths from 1 to 10 yards.   T'tese
nants of Dress Goods Silk's, fine Wash Goods, Staples,iiinens; Curtain
'Materials, etc., and the prices in many instances are about half.
Mens Heavy Wool Sox
  ■■■•'■   ■ ., ^      r ^ _., t
Rather than invoice 5*00 dozen Men's heavy wool Sox we will price
them for quick pay day Sale. ,   -   >•
Extra heavy all-wool Ribbed Sox in.grey only- Regular 50c..pair.
Special ...'.: 25c.-pair.
Heavy plain grey Sox, all wool.   Special 5 pair for" $1.00
All-wool Seamless Sox, medium weight;  Special . .8 pair.for $1.00
Wo are offering two lined that aro extra good value at $1.00 .and
$1.25 pair.    Special Saturday 75o. pa't>..
Wool Mitts
Evory workingman will.bo interested in this money-saving special.
Men's all-wool hand-knit" Mitts, in red and white, and black and
red mixtures.   Regular 65c.   Special ■.. 25c. pair
Men's all-wool, hand-knit Mitts, in blue and black and red and
black,    Regular SOc. Mitt.    Spocial ".."... .25c. pair.
Men's vory heavy v.,ool Mifts, hand-made in grey and red colorings.
Regular, 50e. pair. Special ; 3 pair for $1.00
Boys' Pants
Boys' Corduroy Punts, in bloomer and plain knickcr stylo. Regular values up to $1,75 pair, Special Saturday and Monday Hulling,
will go for $1.20
Hoys' Tweed Punts, in all weights nnd colors; sizes from 22 lo 112.
Specially marked for pny dny at COc, 75o„ $1.00 and $1.25 pair
High-grade Gorman Razors, also best Kuglisli makes; ovory ono
guaranteed to give satisfaction,
Stocktaking Sale Prices $1.00, $1.25, $1.50, $2.00
Safety Razors
Try ono of our Gem Safety Razors, tho smoothesfshaving machine
on tlio market,    Prico complete, with blades $1.00
Wo also carry a mil line oi uiiiuiie, huiiuuc, Aulu-ouup _mu L\..u_.
Safety Kazan*.
Pocket Cutlerv
Special reduction., in all lines of Poekot Knives. Wo carry a great
variety in the best nmkos. See tho threo lines marked for Saturday
Hollinff at 25c, 50o. and 75c, oaoh.
,i . i '• - "        ' ... . -... ■ _
, Mackinaw Clothing
'    " '•     Ty : r     '■    > y  „   ~    ' 7   ■
AVhen you* read these reductions bear in mind we are quoting you
orand new goods of<"the celebrated Carss'""Brand.'   There is no
.other Mackinaw on the market today tliat has .the w.ear, waterproof:"
qualities and up-to-date features that^chara'cterize^theLCarss'. 'V  ",
Heavy Black Carss Mackinaw, leather-bound pockets," all sizes with . -.
knit wrists.     Special .....,...; ...-....■■ :......'/-. $4.75.
Extra heavy all-wool 44.oz. .Mackinaw, cloth, made-up iu grey or.,.
"b'lack, three or four pockets, with or without belt.   Specials....$6.00 . -
Carss'. celebrated Curler Coat, the heaviest   and   best   Mackinaw
made, has red piping in seavri_s, and .bn^sh'oulders.  -. This coat is well *
known.   Special to "'clear \ .-..".... i.. .\*. t 77...;.  $.6.85
' Youths aud .small menVMa'ckinawsin all sizes .up to 36-chesCwill..
be cleared but-at the_special Sale price^bf ::.7S ,'|3.75
:' .7S^aUrsS7B[
,     - -    _  ;         0       y . -,        > 1'*
Hundreds have'saved-money during-the past week .buying:'our '■
special bargains in ^^eaters.'-:- Our ^ewendqus stock" of Sweaters •
must be reduced, and"we,will" continue to'reduce the price until they
are cleared, but. <■ - • 7 '       „ ,, "•'   - 7   •
Iilen's heavy double-knit Sweaters, assorted colors, with-or wiflibut
collars, worth'up to $3.50 each'.;   Speb'lat'stocktalcing salfe,pricel $2.00
•-" Three-other lines will be deduced from'20 per cent tp-50.per-cent.7 .
and priced at .......?....'. X. X X.". '.}?.A; $1.00, $1.25 and.$1.50 each.
. - 7 ,     '   -    ',v:r' .      v;.3<.' , -■  yy   ■•■■\ :_
\   ,.;-i>
Mentsx Pants
...We haveV^eceiyed a,large,shipment of itenVHeayv^%eedTPants.'-.
Just'the Paut-for the iumberma,n; absolutely ■''unt^rable^?' Regiilar -
$3.25 value..' /Special' X '. XX .;.._...___ X7t\yrX.. 71^ $2.40fpair;""'',
Heayy:- all-"wool "Ma^inaw^PanK^irsiies,"'^egwar^val-iie^ $"4.0prT
Special X..X7XX..X.:.:SS I:SXX^X:y:r^^'.25 pair^
- • -  - •    ?•-.'.-.        v-¥ • &~-" $*yf>- . v--     >
'.- Mens2!FootwearX,xs
-   > ,       _.■       - ,-,1  •-' - ItL-r.l ~ *"
Men's  Felt   ace . Shoes   with;,
foxed/leather vamp;.regular.$2.7^., sy. ^,
Special, all sizes'Vj».""....-.. $2.2o*""" '
Men's Felt Congress, >vith leather soles; all sizes.    Regular $2.,
Special ..'.''..'..'.', .' $1.50   -
.    ' I '.- - v> ■
- fl .
.Women's Fslt,Shoes.. We have  ' /?"
only a few pairs of these left and
will clear them out. at cost.
' M isses! Felt Shoes, si^egJErflmll   ";.   V$
"to 2; regular' $1.85. * 'Bale price, -    '""'   «
'    '" -   $1^5.' •,
' Everything in,Felt goods marked down to prices tjiat no;person
ean nfford to overlook. ■ \ ■S>7-"J'^" ■'-      ?....'-",'
' Men's all-felt Congress Shoes,' all'.siHcs,' regular $2.50. ' Saturday
priced *. '  T..'; '.':VVV ,.■....". ; i $2.00
' Every- Winter Coat-' in- the-house Jias
been reduced,,to, cost and less%  -_<-'   . ;-.
/'""   Our polity of - carrying over:, no* Wjntef
'./ '.Coats forces; us to- make-the -reductions
-'' greater tKatf ever.'.-' • ■ •-•>*;"- ;^.',-/'*r,
' ."_. The'; assortment -is .still-large>."enough, toy
•'a satisfy .the .most -critical * "purchaser. '7The , V 7T-i%M
T' '!s6yle>" are^correct; the" finish^the^lining'.'^'^^S"'
' - ■ aridfthV trimmings'are-of. "the^best.-"' \\y »>; ^"j f
..'. Cbate,worth.from $12.to;.$%-■'. PricM/^;V',r/||
'"''-for,tliis sale"'from'y/:  r-S 7- '-■?;,,- :y\X^M
- %i; \\7   ^-^.soito$18.50 ':\XX7„ y'"~'
- ^Stocktekin^Sale;Prices Prevail.through
';'V; .!■f•..•''''-;i'-.out,-the.JHouso■'1''"'" ':'" " -.-■
. ■   ■"-'"   ""-    .y     -     '.   il  .<■   -1-   T   :"}'- i "     '       '     '
-t'i.\     ,-\.-'.     -   '     - -'•.!■'-  '"'-    '-.     7
:. • duced"'price&'^-E w^
-1 '• '- ductions niafee'the;Skirts do'tibly .attractive^
r. a"=^prices, from $5.75j^oj$15.00 each. ^\j^^Xr 'rXXs'-S^sXfk 0'.£f&?.
. .......      -..'.-■_. , .y ..... j>s ,,; v4 ,-t. f*'^ $?.'-.; ^.-^. --.' ,"~^'*t.j ^Vj^« $; a'',-.., -*- ••r.r. ,-. ,.z^,J.s.ji
-y        -•   ■--.•<-' --viA" j.1 •:-y-~t__■>_-■ ,_.-,A*».a.   " -.— .-  1~   ■-.-'-::---.V- .cr<s >*■-
-.._ *i  v '*r. | J
--V':;'° •!»!-_''■• C'f.U'^V- .1
Do You Need a Working Shirt f
- rrr       -— tt. ■'-■-    ■        —~~ ■   "7 -(
Special reduction in Pure Wool Shirts, In green, groy and blue, all
Regular $1.50 Shirt ., '..;. M S}\;;  $1.00
Regular $1.75 Shirt $1.25
Regular.$2.00 Shirt' ,,,,".  $1,60
Also a special lino of high class Flannel Shirts at great reductions,
Children's School Hose
i-     .." -■-■ft.* '■:rr7-rrr;:-u.-:'_.„_..;l-„./.r-T;;- ■:•■■■■:.•;■ ,■»=_«
In plain nnd ribbed, odds and ondn of n:heavy season's business, of
:15c. to GOe. values, finished with spliced,liools nnd loos; exceptionally
(rood wearing qualities.   Stocktaking salo prico , ,25o, por pr,
Infants* Bonnets at Half
r.— —T„---._r.;r..~_.--_l.lr..a^
Marked Price
An oxcoplional collection of colored Bonnets for Infants', made of
silk, velvets, broad.-lotlm, ot«., all silk trimmed,and silk lined,
Pick them out at half tho marked price,,-    ' .    ,   '
Bed Spreads
*1 P0 Colored Wed Wpvendu in oytrn weifrht and Rnnerous size.-
Priced for Stocktaking Sale at : .$l;2o «ftoh
■s f' * V 1 I *    , I
Picture Frames
Pre-invcntory Salo Prico on high-elo^'Picture Frames, mndo in all
gilt or |{llt and mahogany. Theso nro rcg#r $5.00 and $5.50 frames.
Priced for quick sale at ,,,.....,'. • • • • »• • • $.35.
{ 'yr77ixq(^^^ouf;X\^Ji^SHous&
TKreo special values iii .Ciadies' Vests :;and"7'I)rawersv /■ J Garment*, ,v;.
!' ,_  made* by'the'lnost^iebrateQ manufaVture"rs>^th'e^country.i"y
"'■'- X of extra quality to'liV and^veirfinish^a/^
bent reduction.   Priced for "this sale at per garmeni£Mc...Mc;, and 75o^:.;:
' " .'••■ .'*«"".-:'     ■_.'• :*'<>;•      '   ■  -7 r '■>   'S'i-zyyy' yy ,v ;.''.'.\^ -'--*}
-. . '      '■.-••-I--- -*--     ,     .- ^ \ -*       .'£.-*•   ' •   t . •. "">i- '*-   -./"■- *   .'  »   -.',-*'"   "-S
;l v      -. Sweater Coats- :- 1
. ■<■'
:/■ \v^Pay i^:;Sfa6ia(s^^
7   i. ;.-. „~—^~~—'■ ; ^7^ y   l ' .1,. ;
Oold' Standard Baking Powder ,,_/.,.. _T.,7712 "oz. • .15
!fito\y,art;s Liquid Bluo  ••• • •;»• • «.2. ior.- .25
,: ^Vosto^'s Sodas, 2 lb. pkg.,...,-...%...'.,. ,i/..'...,.'   .26.,
■Whisk Brooms, each ..................i.-oV. *..... .VV.f,   .20
Houso BroomB, each .'. .v..'. ..,.."; \ v....   ..36
Rival -Wheat Flakes, 5 lbs with china '.,.-    .35-;
Cream of Wheat ». 2 pkg,. .85
Cowan's Maplo Buds'.,.., ,\ per lb.. .40 '
. Carfada First 20 oz, Oroain ,*,... 2 for , ".25
B. C; 20 <jz. Milk ..,.'.,,*,,... ;.. ,3 for; .26-
Bluo Ribbon Coffeo •■,.".......J. .1 lb..tin'-1'.40, -
Iloinz Tomato' Catsup -.,..'. ,  .pints   .26 ,.
Tjpwnoy's Cocoa : ". 7W lb.   -20 ''
"Canned Poaehos, 2's ,V. .2.for, ".85;
Canned Apricots, 3'a «, :.,,.; > por tin   .36' a
Seeded RaiBins, 12 o»; ,8for,i,86 ,.
Rvaporatod Apples,, .2 lbs. y .35
Seeded RaiBins, 12 o»; Sfory.g-
Rvaporatod Apples,, .2 lbs. y ,35
Robin Hood Flour, 08 lbs,. 3,35
IToriby, ,,. >.' • • ,,,,. 11 5 In. tin 1,00
CroBuVand BlAoUwell's Jam, 4 lb. tin ,,,,,...,.,,; 70
Crosso and Blrickwoll'« Marmalado ,.,,,...;    .70
Swift's Pure Lard ,.',,,,..'..,'. fi lh. tin . .90
Swift's Empire Ham St pev l».   >22
Mixod Nuts, por lb, ..,.,,,,...... .,'.,...............• ■ 20
Quoon Quality, 20 ok,, Pioklos ,,,,...... ',.,,,, 7,36
13. C, Sugar, i <»> <,,,, >-• ••••■•»•« ••••••• •••<»i • > *0 lu,, i ,so
Wltitc Swan Laundry Soap'. .■.. v.-.' 12 harr ,46
Perfect'Laundry Soap, 7 bars ,., ;.,   .85,,
Baby's Own Toilet Soap ■» per box   .80
Toars' Unscontcd Soap 2 for' .25
Corn Starch .<.,,....  2 pkg,' ,15
Black Poppor Vi'« • - * f.,.,,., ,3 for   .36
Tetley's Spocial 1 lb, pkg. Tea ,,,,,........,........,,   .35
Tnmntooli. Prospoctor Brand ..* ,.,;,'.,.,..'/..3 for.   80
Corn -  i. tins   .»o
Uabbano. ...., i,.... ...» tOVi,   .25
UoJdDiwt  3 pkg,   ,20
aiaiw '\Yfl8h Bourds .. v,...... ,V. /........ .*,,;.,. .-.««di. .46
t Zinc Wash Boardd ;r <;.. f */•• v •.,•*.< M »• • • * mmi   .35
White Swan Yeast Cakes 0 for   .25
- Turkeys »»«i..,.,..» *« .<«..... • • j>w in*   .'^o
Baldwin «ndKlntt Apptos ..'.....,,, por,hox! 1.40
Bismnrlc nnd Wnldridge Apples.,._'..,.'_...(,. .por hox 1,25
S J.
.4      V   '
1 ; i!t\
C •"_: * V
, 'A &
•I.  *-",.
h 7*<
«■ i. -..'-I
_   ,lti  'I
... ..'
*_, ..I'f
•i ji ■ v'
it    -<
•<•■  7
.if-. f j
t i
.'-  #-
Store of
'.*'• •]
. n
mmmmivmivf ««.^_n.i.«f.min- ww—im


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items