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The District Ledger Sep 21, 1912

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lv VThe Official,Organ of District No, 18,,U, M. W. of A.
VolVl.; NoTM^XX^ly 7 yy
•i-<".
THE DISTM(3T; LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., SEPTEMBER 21,1812.
$1.00 A YEAR.
it-.'. .
^*<.tv
^^^(
,,J5-'
J*f -.'
I?n
"s
Qumberland and Island Mines
$ioied Tight-2^100 Men Quit
-. ;   (Special to the District. Ledger) .
; "; VANCOUVER, Sepf'<19.—At'.a ballot
' of themlners taken'last, night it was
,\ decided that hthe Ladysmlth" Coal Work-
\Vers.wlll go on strike in„syinpathy with
7 the1 men who have already quit work
^..'at. the Cumberland Mines. .,, Thevote
was, 213 against 106. ' So far the men
;. "on. strike' In the: Canadian "Northern
Mines at Cumberland number* 2100.:
TEAMSTERS STRIKE
Flve;Hundred Fall to Turn ..Up at Ed-.
7 monton—Demand Increase    '   -
.•
.EDMONTON,   Sept.' 16.--Over   500
teamsters employed by the city or nrl-
,'vate' contractors, failed, to * return ^to
' work after luncli'today, as the result
of.'a.strike call issued,by the.off'cers
of the local teamsters! union.    - The
• men are demanding eight hour day; a
minimum;.of; 75 cents per hour and
abolition of the piece work"system:   A
meeting.will be held tonight.
THREATENED'STRIKiTV   .
•7'".,;.,' OF TELEGRAPHERS
'..,.. -r-    ,.    7r j HAS BEEN AVERTED
:.-y MONTREAL^Sept. 18—NegotlaTOns
--7 between ihe C. P. R. and their opera-
. • ,*tors;.was^brought .to a practical con-
,".'■0' elusion when, an agreement .was arrlv-
ir -";,ed jkC which; was accepted as7satls-;
','.' factory, by the'- representative .of .the,
"__.'.'. men.'"   Tli^ whole matter is complicat-.
,., /- ed,;and will not be reduced to a forinal"
. ;-   agreement'untll.sometime.today..   ^   "-
.,, '^,',The broad outlines of the settlement
.."'^Vare'the, men-'Bhall "-be granted ah In-
-    crease'of 12 percent in r their' pay, *in-
.'; ■ cl^dlng['al2 pec,cent, increase for oyer-
",'    time work, while.their hours of vjork
•.will be reduced from 11 hour to a, ten
-hour standard.. ■ \ .7 , .    ',',.'
the boilermakers now. want a new
agreement doing away."with conpulsory
arbitration "and allowing- strikes at
will.   Tlie reason given for .demanding
this change is. that the largest part of
thelr.-wofk is'.piece_woj;k and the.hoil-
ermakers say that in' case of dispute
the job^is finished before arbitration
can take place.V .The agreement em-
braced.13 "other'unlons which have hot
broken'away,., but which will call; for
amendments in the agreement at the
conference, today. JTlie outcome is of
special Importance, asJ> all the ^British
shipyards are crowded with "work..
... RIOTING AT' 80PERIOR 7 "
7 SUPERIOR, Wis.;1 Sept.19 —A mob
of "BOO' strikers' and".sympathizers tonight attacked the principal street car
line in Superior, wrecking six cars and
beating the crews and-guarda. There
was furious fighting and more than 30
persons'injured/none ^it is thought
seriously..'..'' The police fought desperately and rescued the car crews. '   -
TEACHERS'
UNIONS, 7
■ 7'1   '   ;.■-*   FORCED TO.DISBAND
_?ARIS^ept. 17.—All but one of the
teachers' professional unions, or syndicates have, voted. to. disband. The
Paris junlon refused,.' to disintegrate
and the cabinet today-decided to'pro-^
secute it for ithe violation of'the law
oi 1884.- <- i    -°.    •"  ,.
Thevgovernmcnt ordered the teach-
REFUSED $90 OFFEfl;   • y$-"■ "v .'?',
1      * JURY AWAfe"D',$1>50O-
Morris Daye, Miner, SuccessfuTin Suit
' Against Canadian Collerle8\ 7 .  ,
; VANCOUVER, Sept.. 14^A"sum;bf
$1500. was the amount^awarded^byjja'
special-jury in the Supreme^Cotirt' yesterday, to Morris Daye, * miner, in .'his
suit against the Canadian Collieries.
Daye had been injured on the back
arid chest ,by the trolley pole of a motor
he was driving In a tunnel at1 the .jbm-
pany's colliery at Extension,- B. C.
Daye contended that the motor was too
large for Bate usagejn the tunnel, and
that the accident had been contributed
to by the carelessness ot Chinese laborers at work in the mine. The company denied that they had any Chinese
employed in the mine in any- capacity.
' Mr. Justice Morrison presided over
the trial. Daye had sued for unstated
damages after refusing an offer of $90
made by the company under the Workmen's Compensation Act.
TRAMPLE  200 UNDER   FOOT,
BUDAPEST, Sept 18—The Socialists
appealed.to the. workers to assemble
in' the main streets tonight to demonv
stfate in favor of electorate reform ■
The chief of police issued a proclamation and ordered.the people thaUthe
police and the troops would • use firearms if necessary' to, disperse the'
crowd., - y,'. ' - ' . >■
! Strong detachments of troops" and
gendarms assisted ' the police in dispersing.'those who had gathered for
the services on the street. | The.tram-
way service oh^ the Ring Strasse waa
suspended and there.was much stone,
throwing ,and lamp breaking. ' Many
persons were injured,' some bf them
seriously and more than 200 persons
were trampled under foot.
Martial Law in Virginia
ers' unions to dissolve because of the
action of the congress of. teachers' -societies held in Cha.nbry. in August
last, when resolutious jipprovlng.anti-
mllltarlsm were adopted.' . •      v' " '.'.
WON'T PAY INCOME TAX, ■
'     BECAUSE, SHE HAS: NO VOTE
POSSIBILITY, OF'v
'     ",     .>, ANOTHER  STRIKE
.-     .
Conference Between Ship Builders and
-•   Boilermakers—Object to Compul-
'. .      sory Arbitration
LONDON, Sept." 17,—A ■ natlonnl
.joint conference between Bhlp bulhlei'i.
and tho bollor^nal-<,rs, Hocloty will be
hold at -Newcastle today.- The,interests of sovoral thousnnd shipyards
workers nro Inv.olved wltli tho posbI*
billty lu thb babUground of,a national
strike., Tho national agreement bo-
' tweon tho ship bulUlors mul the boiler-
mnkei'B socloty oxnlrod yesterday and
• LONDON, Sept. 1C—Tax collectors
In London are-having a hard' time
with a woman doctor, Mrs. Mark
"Mills, who refuses to pay Income tax,
becauso Bhe has no vote. , Several
times when she refused to pay taxes
on land the revenue officials-distrained oh hor furniture. She hns been
threatened with a ', sliptln'r procedure
this year, biit she hns a solicitor, who
It Is,snld, will bring an'action for Illegal execution If tho furniture is sold.
" Tho authorities loft,ho rnlono for n
'while and tried to collect from her husband Instead. . The hitter ls u toncher
In n London school nnd suys lie is unnblo pay. Tlio tux collectors" nro in a
quandary.
♦ ♦♦♦"♦ ♦.«* ♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
KAISER  SEES
"' ING  ON
V  -
HANDWRIT-
WALL
Predicts World Republican in
Fifty Years—Germany
. Laist of Empires  ' ',-^
'♦_
' "My. son will be the last of
the Emperors," the Kaiser Is
reported to" have declared to
a German savant. . '.That is
, why I am'bringing him up under firm discipline.' He must
be a credit to. the "house of
Hohenzollern and to the
thrones that, after ' his, will
cease to be. All ^ the world
..will 'be republican-, within<j 50
years. Ger-uiAav will be the
last of the empires.' It Is Inevitable."     f     ;    .
♦
♦ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
HAYWOOD ARRESTED
■ A despatch to the' Industrial Worker; says: -. v, '  -~v ., '
LAWRENCE, Mass1.-, Sept. 15.'l912.—
Thirty-five thousand .workers in mass
meeting assembled today, on Boston
Common," protesting, against the 'arrest, imprisonment.and trial of Ettor
and Giovannitti. Haywood made gfreat
address,and was.immediately arrested
after his speech. ■ He is out under one
thousand dollars bond.v Three, thousand five .hundred members of the; Industrial Workers of the World v.-ent to
Boston from Lawrence on two red
specials' to attend the 'demonstration
and take part in the parade, which required'over two hours to. pass a given
point. •• Great „ enthusiasm prevailed
throughout." "A general strike is certain for not'later thafi September 30th.
rence, - Mass., syndicalists throughout
Italy, are, organizing for>a monster
general strike, paralyzing industry all
over the country:     ,     , ,.        .«-
In parliament,^ Deputies Chiasa, a
Republican; Todrecca and Carine, Socialists; Meda, a'Clerical, and.Avonti,
a Socialist-Democrat, recently demanded'that the Rome government make
tho matter an international - issue.
- Though no actipn was taken, there
is no question that' the demand was
supported by an overwhelming majority of the people. S ■> ,;
' News has been receive* from Brussels that a similar agitation has been
started there.
PATRICK. EGAN,   FORMERLY   DETECTIVE    OF    LETHBRIDGE,    IS
SHOT, AND'PROBABLY FATALLY
WOUNDED  BY   RICHARD  CHRISTIAN.
'" LETHBRIDGE, Sept. 18.—Forjner
City Detective Pat Egan was shot and
perhaps fatally wounded shortly after
7 o'clock to-night in front oNthe Union
Bank on the principal business street
of'the »city, by Richard Christian, a
cow puncher, -who has been ln the city
for. thq past few - ■ days from Iron
Springs district..     .
The shooting Is'said to be the result
of an old feud between the two. Egan
having; arrested Christian on several
different occasions during the past two
ySfcr's. Christian is said to have made
he remark at each and every.time that
It would be only a short time until he
would "get" himS. The shooting was
most sensational! as the streets were
crowded at the time with hundreds of
pedestrians..' ' The wounded man was
shot, in' the back about four inches below the.right. shoulder, the bullet coming out of his- side near the top of the
stomach'^ Inflicting a severe intestinal
wound., "'
'Minister of Labor on Working Conditions in Canada
.Denounces Employers Who ^Underpay—Upholds the Right to Strike
Durliih' tho TrnduH and Lnbor Con-
greBH hold Hi Guol.ih, Inst wook, tho
Toronto Ologo rnproaonlntlvo took tho
opportunity to Intorvlow tho Hon, W,
Crotlioi'H, Tho nilnlHlor snld lio had
boon louring tlio country for lho pur-
piiflo of iiHcortnlnliig tlio fooling *of lu-
_ *
bor InU'i'dHtH on lnbor Inglsliillon generally,     Referring  to  lho  Lemleux
Act, lie snl'd!' "     ,
"So fnr nu I can loam many trudeH
unloiilfllH find fault with tho ntvnrdH
undor tlio Lonilmix Act. Tho trudes
unionists sny. thnt the Btrlko Is lho
only Wenpon'Ihey cnn'iise In thulr efforts to aemiro lliolr domnmls. In
tliis connection thoy maintain that un-
,]*? r«v(«t1tiir r>nn'dltlAn4 thntv 'ifftf\rtn
nr« inmlo ln<*rfA(_tunl through the op-
erntlona of tho riot, bocnuso |t prohibits
tho declaring otu'»«lr|kp until, a
Hoard of Arbitrators ijp boon choaon
to Invostlgato tho, domanda ot tho men.
Solfrtlnnr rnpable arhltratora rfinulrea
tlmo nnd lahor,
No.JUmetdy to .8uoo««t
"Thia Booma tp ho tho real gr}ov-
'■ anco. . Thb mon'any thnt In tho Interval, whloh thoy maintain la wholly
In tho InloroBtsof .the employed, tho
hitter nucecdn tn ...ling their positions, which haa a marked effect on
rondltlona gonorally before the Hoard
assembles to hear the arguments of
both tide*. An forroyielf, I am not
In a position to mako a definlto statement respecting thojirlovanco of lho
labor interests, t ant limply Invest!-
gating, aud %i pttMUtttl I lum no av
mody) to suggest which might close the
break." }\
coudl-
Workmen Underpaid.
"How hnvo yoii found lnbor
lions generally?"
"In ii gma many oases worknifiii nro
underpaid," replied • tlio Jllnlstor.
'Thoro nro soveral cIiishoh of workmon,
and Hklllod iiici'IiiiiiIch, too, Hint cannot, support tholr fainllloK In docency.
Thero nro tlirlfiynion who nro not
piild a living wngo. I had no Iilou
such conditions existed nmll I comhirt-
od a pnrHoiml I uveal (gallon. -
Preaohers Given n Hint •
"Tlio working olnasos nm ontltlod
lo tlio utornnl lnw ot Justice—ilccmit
Justice—nnd it Is up lo the nilnlstorw
of tho (lospol to expound this utter-
nnco from lho pulpit"." Thoy nro .lacking In this respect nnd should   do
wni-n nlntii* tho Wnnn ^un-cpsti'd tn holn
tho wngp-onrnor."
Tlto minister also addressed n moot,
lng of lnbor mon In Three Rivers, Quo,
Tjio working mon of„tliIs country, ho
doclnrod,thnvo not got whnt thoy oro
*nll»lf><l to, KxnmlnlnR eaus<»s of un
rest, tho minister blamed omployors
for failure to recognize, that n man was
not a moro adjunct to a machine, and
he laid It down that, employers miiR.'
be willing to pay a living wage such
as would wake decent food, clothing
and othor n«_ceriiiarla» f_o&'All>k, An
employer who hnd a profitable business and did not give this IM»_. wuko
should bo denounced, hy press, pulpit
and platform. Tho ipeaV_«r regarded
strikes In the same light na war. ns
inly to ho,used as the vory lust resort. He stated (fiat of, 104 awards
uutU-. Uu. LttinUuit Act, only ouc
ahowedl the workera' complaint to be
groundless.
'' CHARLBSTOWN. /"Sept. - 18.^—The
mlnersln the martial law territory did
^b_LapMaL__6npQjedJi_^^
military rules, as it substitutes law for
the lawlessness that' has been the rule
on Cabin' Creek for a decade, but some
of the more' festlss "among them crltU'
else the military for certain acts and
the miners outside the territory object
to martial law, on,general principles.
' Ono-Incident which happened re-
rectnly on Cabin Creek has caused
somo bitterness among the miners!
' The sto'ry Is told by the alleged vie-
tlm hlmsejf—Sam Gow, secretary of
the local union branch of the United
Mine"Workers, who clnlms he'boarded
at Ronda und was marched off" the
creek at the behest of n coal operator
who told the militiamen that Gow(, wns
nn ."agitator"- and liad no' business on
tho creek. Gow claimed he wont up
Wednesday to register as a voter
when tho oprator told lho"mllltla to
deport him as n dangerousiinnn.    So
ho waB walked down thn'railroad hy
n dotnll, tint 11 n pausing freight gave
them' n rldo to Prnlt. Cow saya lio
domondod from the commanding officer ut Camp Pratt, tlmt. ho he tried lo
prove his ciiro, hul that ho whs yofus-
cd and wiih deported out of llio'mllltary
zono. Ilo-declares ho Ih no. nn'ngl-
Intor, but wns attending to his busl-
noHH ns f-ocretjiry o,f the union on Cab-
In Creek.-. Ills story I old to tho mln-
0,1'h'Iijih stirred tliem up,
Papers Confiscated
An iimuHlng Ineldunl whh i(iuoiig,lli()
recent happcnlngfl'nndin' martini lnw.
A miner went up Hit- creek with n big
imckiigo of nowsinipDi's, ilollvorlng
them to subscriber... It wns tho official \n\\H>r ot tho mino workers' union,
Its rond Ing mnttor being of tho iniuiil
Haywood In Chicago
NEW- Y,ORJ<:, Sept7l7—While Wm,
D. Haywood,"'leader of .the Industrial
Workers of the7 World, today was on
his way to .Chicago to enlist the aid of
unions there:in the-proposed Ettor,
Giovannitti general strike, to-be called
for September,,-30,' member., of the
Greater New '.york Industrial Council
of the I! W. W. were preparing for a
great Ettor-TTGloyannlttl 'demonstration here September 14.
Circulars declaring that the Imprisoned men are to be railroaded to the
electric chair for a murder done hy a
policeman, and demanding that all
workers Join In a^general strike or pro-
est are being sent out to all the unions
of the United States. '_
Mill Owners Break Promise
HUNDREDS
OF, WIDOWS
COMING  TO
CANADA
"'_'..*_ i - " -
Disastrous Week
Along The Pass
i ~'      i > " H
Six Deaths by Accident—Mines
Claim Three Victims.
WILLIAM AQNEW KILLED BY M.
& M. ENGINE'
A great gloom settled over the camp
on Sunday forenoon when news was
received of the accident which result-
edin the death of William Agnew, better known as "Sraller." . ue was an
Id-timer in thlB camp and well respected by old and young. He has a Bister
residing in tths camp and one at Nanaimo, to whom the sympathy of-the residents #go out. \lt was generally, expected that the funeral ' would take
place on Thursday, but iri order to allow the sister to come from ,the coast,
it will take place on Sunday. 22nd.
ROCK FALL CAUSES DEATH
COLEMAN
AT
'-Bfere are'bne
VANCOUVER,-Sept. 17.—Col". Lamb,
head of the,internal immigration work
of ■ the  Salvation; Army, received •   a
,cable_today_ffom___,_.Ge__ieral BramwelL
Booth from-London, stating.that the
army would start"at,once to.float the
"widow scheme." 7'      7
Col. -Lamb., saysj' that;
hundred and seyehtefe 7, thousand widows and' two b»ndt«u.-t__3usandfv.'p<u'-
sons from whose ranks It is proposed
to draw immigrants to Canada. Women who wish to come to Canada will
bo relieved of the care of'their children frhile they are getting a start. Col.
Lamb" thinks that many* of them will
marry again In this country. He Is
enthusiastic regarding the" wholo
scheme. ,
• A very sad accident, occurred here
ou Thursday afternoon when " Emlle
Gengembre, a native of Belgium, was
instantly killed by a fall of rock while
at his work in the McGill vary Creek
Coal Company's Mine at Larbondale.
Deceased leaves a wife and a large
number of friends to' mourn his sad
loss.,- The funeral will take place from
his late residence, Second' Street, at
4.30 p.m., under the auspices of the
Odd Fellows' Lo'dge, assisted- by the
Local Union, of which he was an active
member.- •     :. •»,        *
Wyoming to 'whom a wire has been
sent.
MINER KILLED AT PASSBURG
Steve Kompara, wbo was working in
the Passburg mines, met with a fatal
accident on Monday last. The inquest
was adjourned for, further evidence,
but as far as is known the direct cause
of death was that he was overcome by
gas. Kompan was an old-timer in the
Pass and popular with hls.fellow work-..
men.    He leaves wife and family.
EDWARD WALTMAN  AFTER NINE
DAYS IN COUNTRY GETS
KILLED AT COAL
CREEK      _
coniiiionplneo rout Inn! character. A
Hciiroil operator on tlio crock, so lho
atory goes, notified tlm mllltla Unit
lho pn.l(nn<! ('itrrlod by tlia tiiiiu was
—or— worso than dynnmlto, namely
n cortnln Infltiininiitory Kor-lullst paper
published In Chnrlflatoti, calloil Iho I,n<
bor Argun, which InflnmoH"tlio minors
to murder nml outrngoa, eto,
So tho package wns solzcd before
tlio mnn could distribute many coploH
of tho paper to Un mibac-rllion.. Atljii-
tnnt-Ocnornl I.llo't confirmed tho confiscation by an order, ko mo minors
nivppnlpd to flnvprnnr ninsRonrk. Hn
snld ho did not Ihsuo nny order In tho
mnttor, but henrltly approved1 of the
confiscation of tho pnpora,
LAWRENCE, Mass.,' Sopt. '17.—T,ho
working population hero, was. deeply
stirred today by tho news that at a
mass meeting In Province, R. L. William D. Haywood had urged a nationwide general strike ns a means of serving notico upon tho capitalist clm.u
that thb workors demnnd the immediate roloufio of Ettor and GlovuunlUi,
tho agitators, who have boeu hold In
Jail without ball for eight months on
tho fnko charge of "being necasoi'ics before tho fact, of the murder of Anna
Loplzxo during n Htrlko disturbance
lafit winter.
It has been known lioro for somo
tlmo Unit ut any moment Ihero wnn
likely to bo another gonoral walkout,
duo lo tho constant weeding out by lho
omployors of workers who "took nn
active part In lho Htrlko of last .Tnuu-
ury, anil tho fct-ltug of Indignation
.hurt nroiiHod linn hoon IntniiHlfled by
Iho Indictment of William M. Wood,
head of tho v.ool.11 trust, on 11 chnrKo
of bulng _'oii(_<.nu.(l lu tlio plnutlng of
lho dviiiuullo horo, for which John .1.
Ilreen, local politician, 1ms boon already convicted,
Tlm mill opcintlvoH umioi't that ono
of tlio promlKc-H mado to thorn hy tlie
mill owiici'H at. tin' ond of tlio strike
wiih that tboy would nt once uho l.K'tr
iiiflueiico to havo l.ttor nnd Glovnniiutt
rolonHcd, This pnnnlnu, they d^idnre,
linn not. bi'i-n kept and thoy now demnnd Hint It bo mndo good, <>lno they
thrfnt"n thai a HlHI.0 will he doclnrod
wbich will tlo up tlm onlirn Joxtllo
iiuluHtry of Now Unglnnd,
SMASH LLOYD GEORGE
FOR PENNY A' SHOT
Popular Amusement at  Earl's Court
Exhibition In London-
o
Victor Mania- Has Skull Fractured
..    - Lumber Mill- -':
In
A man by the name of Victor Mania
waB brought ln from McDougall's Mill
yesterday afternoon with a fractured
skull and expired at the hospital this
morning. ' The deceased, who, hailed
from Finland, was In th<_ country some
six-months, the last two of which was
around Fernie.     He has a brother in
A sad and-fatal accident, occurred in '
No. 3 Mine, Coal Creek; by a fall of,
rock, on Friday morning at 4 o'clock.
Deceased had only been in this country, fromfEngliind, nine days, and start-•
ed work at the mines on Sunday night.
He had been in the British Army for
21 yearB, and retired as drum major
with a pension of 2s. 9d. a day. " He
was "about 45 years old. ' The funeral
wil Hake place on Sunday next.
Being a veteran and a member of the,
Local Union it Is hoped that members
will turn out In full force.* .» ,.    -
JAP STRUCK BY LOCAL
II. Morlmito, a native of-Tdkahama.
was struck by the Wednesday night
local going.west, between the bridge-
and Cokato. He was taken to the .
hospital but expired the following ■
morning. 7 He had at one time been 7a.
cook at the Royal Hotel! hut of late'
hnd been working for. Aid. Morrison..
Ho was 29, years, old, - -The funeral^
will be held on Saturday afternoon at
3 o'clock.
LONDON, Sept. 17.—Smashing
Lloyd Cleorge Is the now and popular
piiBt-tlmo Installed al tho Earl's Court
Exhibition, lnnd owners and Insurnnco
stiinipllckorH crowding each other for
11 clinuco to tako a hand.
Tlio-gnmo consists of cliliin plates,
bearing a likeness of the chancellor
of tho oxt-hnquor, which cnn bo
Kiniislicd'al 11 feo of a penny each. Tho
first day there woro only 000 plates,
nnd nrllsts wore summoned to nupply
tho hungry culls for more.. Clnflti distinction vidiIhIioh In Urn lino of -lm-
piiilcul BiniiHlioi'H awaiting tholr turn.
Ono fnmrer Hpout .!! to(vent. IiIh biU-
, lBl'actlon, hut thin splendid record
ivcnt down lainr In Hm day hnfnrn a
London Inmllord. Lnlor nn nlilony
clergyman pun-hnscd n liandfiill uf
bulla with tin nlr of dntermlnallon -uii
broke eleven plates brforo toming
lilniHolf nwny.
Canadian Trades
, , 'i
Congress Closes
Lemieux Act Condemmed—Many Resolutions Passed— British Trade
Unionists   to be   Informed   of all
. Canadian Labor Troubles.
MINISTER, OP MINES IB WANTED
' VlttTOlUA, fiept. 1B.-TI.«fi.«t semi-
ttnni^il mealing of tho Canadlnn Mining Instltuto In session hero pnsMfld
a rcBolutlon nsklng tho Pomlnlon govornmont to appoint a- minister of
mines.
British Aid
TEH THOU8AND ODD FELLOW0
;PARADE WINNIPEO STREEtfl
\VIN*NvIPl8a, Mil 13-—Tlw bin future of the Odd Fellows' Convention
here today waa Ihe monster parade
which took place In glorious weather.
It I* estimated that about ten thousand
members of tlm ordor walked In tho
P-Qccsutaa with about lUUty. bsuula vc;
preventative of all parte of the continent.
' LONDON, Sept. 17.—All Kngllah "do-
l,i      , . ^'..,-yy rn''    •••rui ^f^vn-,,.,1       |r»,l.l..
fnr V'.Hnr end nir.vnn.iHtl, lho Ttnllnni.
(ihnrgod with rflBponalblllty through
their speecliOH, for tho killing of n woman during tho recent Btrlko at I,aw-
ronro, Mn«H,
^ >',,'im»nmflnt'« ivo boltif mndA for fl
big demonstration in Trafalgar Square,
at which It Is expected to adopt resolutions of protest against tho men's
roiitlniuid IniprlHOiinimit.' The roaolu-
tions will then bo (irnt to American
Aitybnapador' Whll'elaw Hold.
Five Hundred Soldiers
Burned to Death
ClIICAtIO, Sept. 17,-I'lvi' liniidtoil
(MiIih-hh HOldlnrH w^ro biinn<d t« doalh
today ncrnrdliiff to a Poking despatch
to the Daily Nowa, In a forest fire
(1
Htnrd'd by n largo forco nf MoiikoIh
retreating from tho Clilnnac.  (loiiornla
HhIIi nnd Twao, proceeding noiihward
*•..   ...   Tnt^.^fi,    ""'Ml   r ftMl  f'T.'ii   r fit'til" f*.I
■1 fii-u of Mt.rt;r.l|i ;it ni!n'"lnn Th"
.Mongols ucre iMi-iiioil and tinl noiili-
ward with tht- Chinese In pursuit. In
n forotjt near Tubichlnchu they HtniKd
:i ttro tn mnlntnln tholr stntid The
ChlncHo troops wore unnblo ta imu\ie
nnd pcrlflhcd.
ITALIAN  SYNDICALISTS
MAY 8TRIKE TO AID ETTOR
—GIOVANNITTI CA8E
IIOMB, Hept 17.—A« a mean* of
forcing King Victor'* uoT*rnm*inl to
matte rrtpri»w»Mf!en* nr lv*s»hlnfiton
In behalf of the two Italiani, Ettor
nnd Glovannittl, Imprisoned In Law-
000 KILLED
• - 	
(lUKLPII, Ont'., Sept. M.—The Congross ndjoiiriicd tonight to moot hi
Montreal In ill 111. This hua been the
biiHlesl day mid tho afleiiioou wnn
spent In discussing the Lomloiix Act,
Iho coiii4i'(!i;» gnlpg Into cotmuUleu of
tho wboU' Willi Hlr (loorge AHkolth,
wSifl.1.1 I.0.C from Lundon, l'3ii!_.. on-
ipilHi h Into Iho working of tin* labo,'
laws In Camilla, Tho nut result wiih
1I10 od-ipilnn lu cninnilHoi' of r rowihu
lion (i.doi'ulng Hit! action of tho Cal-
gnry ooiivontluii IiihI y<-i'r, imklug f'»r
thn ro]ioiil 0^ What le .;ci.orn!ly Uno vn
i.H lho Lcimleux Act, This wan adopt-
d iinauliiiouiily, Tlu-ro wan a iuiihIht
of poltita I110111.I1I out ln the dlmiuiv
hIoii, the roinoviil nf llin ilidit lo HtrJIfo
and coniplalutH at. tho maimer In which
llio net lu.h boon iHlmlnli-toi-cd boluit
llio chief ii.f.uu)cut«.<MimiHl II.
Dologalti Wilkinson, of Vancouver,
wild tlio i_rltHii.nl fjnill with tho nd
was In the long wiiKh until it finding
wnn iiindo, in iilmnit .'voi-v cane ih<-
I'linlriniiu of Wit* nrhltrntlon cninmltH'c
wnn uppOKi'd to lho workers.
The (|cl('i;nl.iH who took pan ut-aily
all comdviiiiilug th" 'nlll. Tholr ililof
coniplalutH wore lho delay lu Hecnilni.
a verdict, nml iho l<ui. 01 power tu
UIIIOIUJ     ll,     Viiwll  tivii>lM.-i.        i„i.<
Win. u tiplrftctl dla( uhmIou »\t;r a r> mjIh-
lion to do away wl.ls prlvato polio* >m-
powerful (.'oipuriilloiiii and tho government will bo naked to piisa n law pro
iniiiniiK Uio oiii]iih,. tut-in iii nm u iu< ,1.
lU'Hohitlons wore nlno endorsed<1.ak-
itifr. tor tho ropnal of tho law requiring caiidldntcH for piirllnmciit tn mnko
a fii'tfl deposit nnd tho passing of n
law forbidding tho cmploymptd of
wlilro irlrlH In f'hlnomt rodtniirnntii.
It was decided to tnke action lo
notify Hrlffmh Trndo<» "I'nlonlsti nf nil
st'lkca nnd lockouti. In this count ry
vn that they could not bo brought into
HOMK, flftpf. IS.—Tho ntrift «_.n,.nih-
nry engagement of the wnr in Tripoli
waa fought yeAterduy, noar iv<vn. »
tovm on tho Mediterranean cr.a»t, foui-
toon mllos northeast of Ilonpnrl.
Tho Italians lost €1 men klllod and1 thn country under faim. pretences and
til wnundod. The Turks and Aram
left more than 800 dead en tho flrl!
forty-on* prtnon^rn, InelitiflniT «ne
Arab chief, felt Into tbe hands of the
{tttllftt.11.
,r
u»ed >• strike breakera. A rendu-
_!on dhiapprovlng of the MutlcUnt Union demrtndfnir p«v for tholr memtx<rs
whon parading on Labor Pay was rejected.
A l'cKolutlon was proposed by Delo-
galo Unneroft nnd Wntora, nnd carried
iinntilmnnsly amid cheers.    It rcuds;
"That lho Federal (lovi'minont puss
nn act to bn later taken up by tho
Piovlnchi! Government nnd made nil-
iiptlhlo lo moot tho conditions lu tlielr
rcBpccllvu provinces! a ponnlon for widowed wives, also wives of prlBonnrB,"
Tho Womnu's Suffrngo Propngiiudn
'.Miii epprov.'d.
Other Resolutions Adopted
At tho evening HOHwlon iIIhcubhIoii
011 tho report of tho Resolution Com-
nillteo was ronumoil, nml tho follow,
lug roflolutlniis woro prii'ited:
. ltocomiiKMnlliig the appointmk-uI of
11 publli! official tu Invoiitlgiiifl nccl-
dmitH on railways, due to nn limuffl.
clem nuuibor of men being oiniilnycd;
the (liiicti)iont of IchIi lutlon piovldlng.
thnt wol'kiuon onuito)cd nit all Gov-
criiinont or Miilmldl/od unrku bu paid
weekly In U'gal tender; Hint tho Gov-
i'l'iiiueiil i.raat Um lottir-enrrlom in
Incronio ot filly coiitu u day, iimi.n
provlttion fnr wick pay, und oHtabtUli
nn olghi-hour day fur lho men; thn
abolition of lho p"riiloloiis Hwoating
Hyhttim In a nuuibor ot iu<uchant tallof-
Iiik oBinhllHhnioiitH In Tnnnilo, and pro-
tenting agalimt ,tho Dominion Govern-
iniciti KiituUUK .Mutliur I'UOin; uiu  io
, -       ;   .     .   1  *i .   .    -    I ,      '1]      fi    '• 11   1-1
iki.i. (,l„.,u    l , „,,..   I „• ..ii    .,..., n ,lj     ......
the cAinp.iijy agr'-e.H with Iin oinplnjoes
to i;lvo them term* of omplnyinoiit
as favorable ns thoso given by othor
rnilwny rompnntoH.
nnj(i..t* «r,ti i^i\, 1,iii u,..<i-*_!>»'*
Acting Rerretary .lame* Simpson
submitted the annual financial atnto-
ment In tlio nbannra of HiH-retnr/-
Tronsurer P. M, Draper, which «liow<>d
totnl receipts of $1 fr.Ot'O and e\|K'iidl-
turo* of $l0.2lt», lonvlnir a balance on
hand of $!.,tl.o. Tho retort nhowvd
that tho membership pavlnir per ciipl-
tn tax nnd dltoctly nfflllut<«d is «<U2S,
In addition to which there nro two
Provincial Federations of tabor and
forty-four Trades and Labor Councils.
During the yonr flv« of ihe latter were
chartered nnd also some Federal labor unlona.,, Tlio membership Increased MM. mm
.#'
ymS-yW-.
;yy>ty^
PAGE two:
: Its Gongtitiitiori,^
Varieties, OrigiiiJlJses
v'   > ■-.., For'the purposes of this lessor. H is
desirable .to have several, samples of
7-~ ■ coal before the reader; if samples' of
- lignite coal, ,bit_.minous   coal,   cannel
coal and anthracite coal are available
so much the better.    Tako the sample,
, "        of "bituminous coal, tliat variety that is
' produced    in    greatest abundance, in
this country.   On close examination it
will be found generally to'be made, up
of thin leaf-like portions or- laminae,
. some bright black, others dull sooty
black,    The examination will be great-
.' ■ . 1>' assisted by the use of a pocket lense.-
Some of tlie laminae will be found to
be very thin, a tiny fraction of-an'inch
indeed. .Whatever may bo the origin
of coal it is evident that 'it lias been
built up of successive layers of material, hence the laminated or leaf-like
.structure. An examination' pf --the
other specimens wll De interesting-
The sample of lignite will ,be found to
have this leaf-like structure more distinct than the bilumino'us coal, but tho
1 cannel and anthracite much less so;
-    indeed, without the aid of a 'magnify-
•  ing lenfc it may' not be detected.' -The
■' - -       ,     suggestion Is that the latter,varieties
.     have undergone   more   change   from
thoir original condition ' thnn 'lignite
and bituminous coal. ,     -
Continuing the examination   of   tlw
sample'of bituminous coal,-.note  its
fracture or tbe manner in' which  it
breaks.      Usually  the  face  of each
j)ie,ce> forms a rough-rectangle, genor-
,;       ally    longer    "than     it     is     broad.
■   Som-e    bituminous  ' coal    has  • this
-   ' .        property     very   ' well ■   developed;
•'       ,    .-    others are not quite so perfect.     Can-
'■  . '    nel and anthracite seldom bave this
-  properly;,each face   of   ench ' piece
forms an irregular figure,  and  tbey
aro  said  to  have an  irregular frac-
*   _• ture.     Note that in handling the sam
ples Ihe hand.-, are stained by the'lignite  and  bituminous  coals,  but  the
, cannel and anthracite scarcely leaves
any:stain. ,        1
Now in  turn scratch each sample
with-a icnjf<j p0jnt) and'observe the
.   color of the fine dust produced.     If,
further, each piece of coal is ground
to fine powder in a mortar and.by
nteans of,, a pestle the colors will be
brought, out more thoroughly...   The
■ „ -y     lignil«. even if black when iu the lump,
• will-yield a brownish-black streak or
-   -'   powder; the others will give a'black
. |lmaks-ST- Jio_ivi________t l __».__. __. h *J> n. i>.... 1
termiried'by.the simple formula:
Specific - gravity equals
W.
THE;DKraiO^^BDGE^?raBlHE/il^EP^ffiBEB 21, IMlyX
.<v'.:
■   cite will he bright black or glistening.
* The relative hardness of the respective
coals will he strikingly brought out in
the grinding process. Thb labor required to grind lignite willn be comparatively small, compared to that required to bring the anthracite,and cannel to the same degree of fineness.
There is great variety in the hardness
•of bituminous coals!' Some are almost as strong as cannel; others are
port and easily-ground Into fine powder.
>,Tho further investigation of a sam-
jijle of coal will require tho following
simple apparatus:
'    1.--A balance,, mid weights capable
;   of weighing up to JOO grammes nnd to
.01 of n gramme.
2.—A specific gravity stool and a
glass beaker of such u size that It will
stand on tho stool when the toller Is
sol across one scale pan, and still nl-
low tlio balanco to ride freely.
3. A pair of watch glasses nnd a
.  clip. ;
I. A tripod stand and a pipe-clay
lri angle.
5. A small porcelain crucible, lid,
and crucible tongs.
J|.   A nun sen humor and tubing.
7.   A hot wntor oven,
Wrst proceed to determine tho spool-
lie gravity of .. |,|0P0 of cotll> 4ll)0,|(
one inch cube. 'Tho e.ubi' has tlod
round It n pieen t.if silk thread wllh a
loop al lho other c-nd. Plnco lho stool
ncrosH lho rlght-liand scnlo pun of tbo
balance. Sot tlio empty honker on
lb" "tool, unng (ho silk tin-end to u
book which will bo r„„nd under the
end of th«*biiliinco |,flnmi nMI, ai[\mt
lliolHiigUioftheihrondiinillltlHHiicli
thnt the sample of conl luingM freely In-
sldo tho bealtor, nnd woll bolow tho
top or ll. Now procood to weigh thn
<'oiil hy .placing wolglitii on tlio loft-
band pan of Hio linlnnro, tho stool and
honker bnlng over the right-hand one.
It Is woll to ndopt n system whon
weighing. Until tlio student has had
n gront deal of exporleuco ho should
ulwnyu etnrt wllh lho largest woIrIu,
Bay tlio AO gramme ono; ir Hint la'not
enough add the an grnmmo weight. If
n pi oca of ronl of tho »lzo Imllented Is
lining mind probably tho CO grammo
wolght will bo too much, If so bring
tlio balanco beam lo rest, romovo tho
r.O wo-glil and put on tl>e 20; If that
la not enough put on tho rocond 20,
«_i<j i< ii,<ii m lo() much bring Iho boatn
JO. Follow this process downwards
until the etact wolght of Ihe sample
hns been found. To dlatlnipiUh this
from a socond weighing with tho ronl
^_...A_.<*\i ui V-il-il n in HJKtKfll of at
thn weight In nlr, and Indicated by
capital W. Hnvlng removed all tho
weights from tho ecale pan, now proceed to carefully tour distilled water
into tbo booker, taking care not to apiij
nny on tho p,m of ih" bfllanr... jrovc
the plans of coal quite covered with
uutor. Should there be any bubble,
of air adhering to tbe piece of coal remove Ihem with a penholder or pointed
•tick or pencil. Now weigh ih» coal
again whilst It Is fevered by water.
This weight Is wprwtnted by small -v.
Th* apivlflr ATfivHy mny now h? ff<;.
...-■- - (W — w)s
.That is, the weight in' air divided by
the. difference between the weight "In
air and the weight in water gives the
specific "gravity.' That .difference' is
the weight of'water displaced .by the
piece of coal, and as that-must be the
same volume as .the piece of coal, if
follows .we divide the weign. of "the
piece of coal by the weight'of exactly
the same volume of water, anchso .we
get the 'weight of the coal compared
with thc weight of nn equal volume "of
water, which is the definition o_. specific gravity. ', y ,--.
, The' average specific gravity of bituminous coal Is nbout 1.28. It varies
between 1.26 and 1.29, and where the
sample of coal contains an'unusual
amount of ash of foreign matter it may
even exceed that figure.  '
A knowledge of the specific gravities
of coal is one means by which they
may be roughly classified, thus lignites
are somewhere about 1.2, bituminous
coal 1.20 to 1.28, steam coal about 1.3,
and anthracites from, 1.3 to J.35.
It serves another ' purpose By
means of it we may determine, the
weight of eoal in a solid block or iii a
seam.' -As G2.5 'lb. is the weight oM
cinbic foot of water, it> follows that "a
cubic foot of coal with a specific'gravity of 1.28 will weigh 62.5 x V.28 equals
80 lb*.;-' -     . '
The student will therefore see that
what further is necessary is, to determine the cubic contents of t'ne*coal
whose weight is required, and that inul-
tipled by 1.2S x C2.5 equals the weight
required in lb, .    ."
If"a glass cylinder graduated in cubic centimetres..or grammes of water
is available a shorter method of <le-
terming-the specific gravity is as follows: Weigh the sample of coal dry,
and indicate this liyC. Pour some
water into the graduated.cylinder and
note the c. c.' (cubic centimetre or
gramme)'mark that it reaches to. Now
drop the piece of.cpal into the cylinder
and note the c. c. or-gm. mark the
water now reaches to. .The difference
is the c.c.s or gms. of water displaced
by the .coal; that is. au equal volume
to that' of coal used. . Call this W"
Now       , - - ;
.    " '.Specific gravity equals 7-
--.,  '     '      .    '.C    -; -
- —       —\v      —
, Where very friable coals, like some
varieties ef lignite,   are * being dealt
with this is the better plan/     " '    -
Moisture—Coal consists of a certain
amoiiii. of water.  . Tlie amount varies
from one'to twelve per cent, and in
the-case of lignites It maybe larger.
The determination of the amount is
done In a fairly simple manner.   Take
« Pair or thoroughly dry watch glasses
and    a    clip to hold them together.
Weigh the two glasses and clip.   Take
now one of the watch glasses arid on' it
place a small qunntlty of finely poivd-
ered coal.    Place tlio second glass Inverted over the first ono, and hold both
togelhor .by tho clip.     Weigh again.
' The   second   weight   —  the   first
weight equals' the weight of coal.
Place the glnases and clip Insldo it
hot water oven, under which Is n
lighted nunsen, Tho water In the
ovon jacket is kept al the boll for
about fifteen mlnutos, nftor which tho
glasses and clip aro tnkeu out and
placed In a desslcator for n. f.>.v nilnu-
utes, when tho.glnspos, clip and con]
nro ngnln weighed. Thty weight is
recorded, nnd tho glnsses, coal nnd
clip roturnod to tho oven for' about
flvo nilnulos, whon tbey are again
weighed, If tho weight has not altered from, tho previous weighing It may
be assumed nil tho molBluro In tho
conl him been driven off. If'not, (hen
lho process Is repealed,, until two
wolglihiRs are found to bo nliko, •
lx«t us Riipposc the weight of gllisses
ai'd clip to oqunl 20 grammes; that of
^li:b-.UH,   (Up   ,t|il)   COIll   |()  <,(iu;i|   yJ._J3
grammes, Aftor homing In lho hot
water oven the final weight Is found
to bo 21.18 grammes.
Then 21.2:1 - 20 oquniH V>>A gPn|n.
.UK's of coal before boating; and 21.18
— 20 equals us grammes of conl
nftor homing.
Tho dlfforonco before nml after hunting. In conl alono Is 1.2.1 -- 1.18 equals
.0."i of « gramme. This roprosontH
moisture, which has boon driven off in
the tomperntnro of boiling wator ?t
that Hmo nnd plnco. In porrentngo
this will bo
,0._ x 100
 equals   IOC   iwrctntugo   of
1,2.1
put on, and the crucible,.supported in
a piife-clay triangle,-anil resting on'
the tripod is placed over a strong Bun-
sen flame., - If a foot' blow-pipe is^av-
aiiable this may.take-the.place of the
Bunsen after, a few. minutes;'or-if a
gas -muffle, furnace is ayailable, the,
heating may take .place in it" Art the
commencement of the heating.a little
smoke may., be < seen. '' This/quickly
bursts'into flame'and. a fringe of it
appears all round the lid where it"
touches the crucible. What is happening?. The heat appliedto the crucible and its 'contents, is breaking up
—dissociating is the proper, word—the
gaseous matter forming part of'the
coal, _ and that portion, the coke" or
fixed''caroon", which can only be consumed by admitting a supply of air.
.This' process js-'what-,takes' place in
a gasworks. The coal is there placed in large retorts which are sealed
and.externally heated. - The.volatile
or gaseous matter is, drawn off from
theso retorts. ' The tarry matter settles in the mains, and the gaseous
matter passes on to scrubbers and
purifiers, and then is "stored in reservoirs for use An exactly similar
process goes on'in rotcrt and byc-pn-
r.ncr coke ovens, . There again tl.e
coal is. placed In a long narrow brick
retort which' is' sealed and heated e\-
tornally.. Tho'.tar arid, gas 'are drawn
off from, the reports ,by an exhaust
engine, and there remains in the retort
the coke'or fixed carbon and the incombustible matter or ash.
Continuing the ' figures previously
used In the retort or crucible there :ir«
1 1 - grammes of coal from" which U,e,
moisture, .03-of a gramme iii weight
has ibeen expelled. After 'heating over
the Bunsen, blow-pipe, or in the muf-:
lie, until all flame has disappeared
round th0 edges ,of the lid, the crucible is' allowed to cool, and is again
weighed. • Let it be assumed Ui is
weight is -.88 gramme; so that'.there
has disappeared as tar and gas MS —-
.S8 equals'.30 gramme.' The original
weight of the coal, was 1.23' grammes,
so that in percentages we have
.30 x I'OO     ,.
 — equals 24.39 per cent df vola-
7-23 .-       '    .  tile matter
Tliere" remains .88" gramme in the
-■js--' -."
■7 /"'-.'>-
. The' weight of carbon-^and-astf' was
.88 gramme/then the weight of carbon
alone ..will?'be .88^ -.08 7>quals|-.80
gramme-of-carbon. >• Agaiin\7cSlf,'•'
.80 x loo' 7.. -; .' -S77yy7; ■
equals 65.04. per cent'of fixed
carbon.
.1.23
crucible,-.but this is'not all carbon, as
it contains the portion of the coal tlmt
cannot be burnt, viz. the'ash.     '.
Let ,,the experiment - be continued
with this .88'gramme remaining in the
crucible.
Ash—Remove the lid and again heat
over a Bunsen^or in a muffle furnace.
Air .Is now- being admitted into the
crucible and slowly the,carbon of the
coaf combines with the oxygen of the
atmosphere to form carbonic acid or
carbon dioxideT(CQ2). (inferior 2).'
This experiment- frequently.,occupies
an hour or more.-- Continue heating
imtH every 'trace'of dark colored matter bas disappeared. Allow'the crucible to cool; and" weigh again. Let it
be supposed the "weight of the substance left in the crucible is now .08
gramme. "'Tliis is the'weight of ..the
ash, Expressed ns before it is,"
.08 x 100   ;      ,    *
 equals C50 per cent of ash."
1,23
' Summing-up we have this sample of
coal.made'up as follows:   ;-.''"."   ..'   '
' •- • : '.■-'■'-'y.      kii -   7-77Percentage
• -■Moisture ".;,. !...-.-./.'.;.'.7.-4.06 '
Volatile'Matter ....';'.' -.-:/.-• 24.39
Ash ..S:S.....;■;l!:v7.';.'77,6.56
■ Fixed '"Carbon r....\...... '" 65.04
_".      .-':' -   .-', .-.--..- ,   ' -99.99" -
" .It will be recognized that'.the slight
difference between lOO.arid 99.99 is-due
to, non-terminating decimals. '    '.7 ;
Throughout the experiments involving. the'use of a crucible the,, weights
takenrare the nel weights 'of the coni
tents of the "crucible. ' To get these
it .would in -every case be necessary
to substracf the weight of.the crucible
from -the gross weight." ■   "  •'
The object of this'article has been
to convey to the'.reader a-.concrete
idea of what coal consists, of—viewed,
not from a, strictly chemical standpoint—incidentally be is -presented
with a commercial analysis of a sam-"'
ple'of. coal. ■•" This is what Is required
by those who have to-sell coal, and
decide for what purposes particular
kinds'are best adapted. "■ .'""
"- The full interpretation of n commercial analysis.is'a,matter requiring ox-
tensive knowledge of coals and -their;
uses, but even the .beginner may'grasp
a few-elefneutafy points.    ■   ;
The moisture and ash'.ire only use-
isss, hut'positively harmful, so Ihattlie"
smaller their proportions, from that
standpoint alone, the t more valuable
the fuel. Tho character of the ash'as
well as its quality is of ^importance.
Tf.it, is' light colored and1 bulky, the
coal is,' from that standpoint, unsuitable .for domestic p'urpo'ses. ' On the
other hand,' iS the "&sh forms clinker,
that is, it-melts and runs into a mass,
the cbal is unsuitable for steam rals-,
ing, as the clinker would clog the firebars.- ■" Coals suitable Tor domestic
purposes always contain a fair proportion of volatile matter, as its presence
makes tbe fuel easy to kindle and
burn. ."Gas coals," that is, coals suitable for gas manufacture, must among
other qualities''possess a fair amount
of volatile matter. , ,.
The series of'experiments here described" would determine the character
of the-coal-as'to its coking or-free-
burning character. After burning off
the volatile matter the button of coke
left in the crucible should be examined, and if the coal has swollen iri bulk
and formed a'firm piece of coke that
cannot 'be ertishwL1tfj.wppn"_J_m-fi.igg;i
and thumb, then the'coal is a'coking
one. If the.-button of coke readily
crumbles, in this test, or if the" coal'
has not formed a ibutton of coke, then,
its free-iburnftig.character can'be. Inferred. The amount of fixed carbon
in a coal is a fair index to the amount
of heat It will give off during combustion. All the high" grade coals, such
as the steam coals of South Wales',
contain a high proportion of fixed carbon —Science and Art of Mining.   ' ■
seems to suit the.,working'conditions.
As the fire "gr^'^lVdiesout the wat^
er will ■be"^wn's-,l_acl_i:ihto\the:fflfe
area and .more iwater.-yfih. have:tx>ibe
supplied to;the barrel yl This''■ avoids
any air -reaching, the" fire area:1:- Sonie-'
times instead of using;this;trap a.flap
valve is'placed oyer, th'e'end ,of i the
pipe and this w>rW,fe1rly->elI'-under
certain conditions! 777.. y . y-7 7
■' The1 'fire" mayi' be" extinguished:.by
chemical methods;;' either .-.the ".use ..of',
blackdamp or /sulphur'dioxide is7recommended; but'the'method" isra-cost-"
ly one.' Finally a'fire.may he piit^out
byiflooding/.the entire.mine," but.'the
cure'.is' almost "as-bad as.t_ie 'ailment,'
and' this'.heroic7trea,tmerit shoufd only
be applied as a last resort ".Chemical
fire',- extinguishers, mayv be .employed,
effectively in a mine at'-the "very, start'
of the' fire." ; -It" is to'be remembered
that_a'fire: generates explosives gases
and-oftentinw>s ^mall explosions'occur
at' regular', intervals provided conditions remaiaVfeona'tant' . Having observed the intervals wheii7those" explosions occur,' it, is possible to work
at. tbe fire between explosions. This
does not always take place,- but it is
y^ell to note tho fact that It is tlio
usual occurrence. In .reopening a
flro territory the outlet should ^ be op;,
oned .first. When 'there is 'a fan,
which is easily reversible, advantage
may be taken of this condition in'connection with the fire oftentimes to
great advantage.       .
The "various rescue appliances and
helmets may be used in connection-
'with* fire fighting and happening.fire
territory, It is advisable in this-con-
ncctioh.tliat five men. wearing- the
equipment ..should'always travel in a
body..' .This' necessary, precaution
"should be. taken so that if any'accident ..should happen therof would ■ be
plenty of help'for the one' who met
with the accident or otherwise. v- ■
" In .quenching, a gob fire a piece, of
canvas'should be placed over,the material and water thrown on tlie' bagg-
ging. It is dangerous to throw water
•from buckets on such a fire unless the
fire-fighters are protected with ^oxygen helmets. Water from a hose may
be used effectively if the fire-fighters,
are on the intake side of the fire, iii
fact at the present time water Is"better for all-mine fires, large or small,'
unless it be a chemical fire engine.'
Those .mine-fires wiilch are most difficult to,extinguish are near the crop
and consequently are' fed by oxygen
to a.limited extent. The oxygen, keeps"
the 'coal "glowing and the- carbon di;:
oxide is-split up Into,oxygen->an*.c_.r-
bon monoxide, thus continuing the fire
indefinitely. -..-;'       .    "'"','
Fires in Mines and
Some of Their Causes
BALDWIN "GUARDS"—
SNEAKING FROM THE
■PAINT CREEK ZONE
the, Kanawha- coal "field", '.including the*
brutalities on "the" part^oj- the -private
'mine guards. yThe^
the,.wage\questiori7; •';'/. 1"« y'-■"...'".-"."; 'k
'^lireej.hundi^d' famliies';cast out of
their homes-'hy ; the .guards are living in" •■ tents on the ■ hills'ides "in -Taint
cMiyyyy-yyy .,"7y-y...;
."Babies, are sick- Tro in" exposure;'and
the"" insanitary conditioris.vJ.;.Winter ^fs
coming ,'■ and [ -Jearfill .■" suffering7 is
fea'redr-;" The"babies' will-be produced
'as ' exhibits* befoVe;;, Governor ■:(Slass-
cock's;cocimisslbri;-r 7"'V'. ^' ),-''> :yy.
' The raiding- of .'the mh_._ng, companies', fortifications by"-the- troops,
and the capturing of'seven;. Coltf.rapid
fire machine guns,, thousands'.of rifles,^
revolvers, police'clubs and' rounds of
ammunition, -has caused- the mine op-,
eratprs. dire consternation.-.. .: ,"   ,,..«■
', Tlie mine Bosses have .always^do-
nled that they <"held; much ammunition or artillery In the collieries; and
asserted that tliey 'onlya had,'about
fifty of the Baldwin guards.*   "   -
..Prom ', good authority It. has . beon
ascertained,that the riiirie owners had
imported more thaii 500 of thb Baldwin guards. Those are now. rapidly
leaving the district, and the strugglo
between the miners and the .operators
will settle down to.a peaceable waiting game. - The,miners aro confident
that the strike will soon end with ,vic-
tory.on their side.. -. y  7- ,
,It'ls")he4lrst time that West Virginia luis asserted its authority to the
extent, of dealing, out a semblance of
equal treatment to the mine;-the'mine
operator and his guard., .Heretofore
the miners have not ."been considered
on .the same terms.: ..-'''*
■' The,, declaration" of _ martial1■.law-
means that' all.persons, miue" guards
as well as., miners nnd ■"others, must
disarm. ■        -   ':    •       •
- .   .--       -^ ,  "i_    ^
"We are for. martial flaw,"1 said
President Cairs',- of.', tlie "United Mine
Workers "of Anie5ica,v District No. 107,'
today. ;'"We, also ask. that'. no.' men
oo'brought into the ,district. .©/'operate .the mine. -We.are opposed to
the Importation of men arid' to our'
being prevented from asking them, as
citizens of this,country,"to join the
union. ...
- "We aro for tlie preservation of law
and'order,.and have offered-our assistance- to the authorities in ferret-"
ing.'out tlie"offenses., that ljave been
committed.In the past.4 ,       ,    '-
"We do not mean to say these.offenses will occur, under martial law.
We think they wlll^iot,- but, we mention them'in defining our-position'.
We only want equal rights'.""   ," '
"''- ;"     ''.?.   y - •■ .-■
*
_   I positively cure three-fourths of J
Aall tlie cases f.hn{. are'absolutelv in-,
scurable by.ariy niethods other tlian!
Vthose I employ. I clo not/ ,cnre7vhol
*|has treated yon or how long or byl
wjin't means ho'has ti-ei.tecl,you,l
tho pfobability isi that I can,.cure!
[you, and >I'/will lib ablo to.- spenkl
definitely iii tho ' matter when' l"
know the details of yoiir case.
Write for Free. Book
If you, can't call at my• office!
Jwnte for my book, .which (lescrilH-'sl
liny method. All letters, .aiv givenj
[speclnl attention. . „
DR. KELLEVS MUSEDM
210 Howard St., Spokane, Wa»h,
'Ji-1
-\
I
j
Large. Airy. Rooms &
Good Board   -.
Ross & Mackay E»
mots'iiro.
Tho amount of moisture In n .-"onl
tins a distinct «ffoct on Its boating
wilic. .luring the crmbtistlon of the
ooal this tw.li.Mir-* \v nn enttrotv ****
livo clement, as It mien up mmi> of
the heat of tho conl In the 'former's
expulsion, It also ndda to tho weight
of Iho ronl nlihout being or any two aa
fuol.
FU«d Carbon and Volatile Matter
'the 1 owner is tho <-oke. with a ncc
essary rorreetlon jfor ash. loft after
the latter hns beon driven ont of tho
coal by atrongly heating It In a closed
crucible to which air la not admlttod.
If It Is possible, without loss, to trans-
for Un. Ba.mpl« ef coal .ron. which tho
moisture haa .been" driven out, to a
porccttltt crucible, tbu oitwrliiiMit may jto Inereaee Ita'vohimn,"thereby creat-
The following non-tochnlcnl address
by Prof. W. II.' Minor, of the Dopart-
ment of Mining Engineering, Ohio
St'nto University, wns delivered to
the Sugar Creek, ' Ohio, Mining In-
Blluile.
A mlno flro Is sometimes n very
serious mnttor. The Importance ol" a
mlno flro depends upon its position In
tho .mino to n considerable extent, nnd
if stcijis aro not taken nt. onco to dam
It off or put lt out It will spread ovor
a largo area in n short time. Frequently II Is very difficult to get to tho flro
because of the poisonous gases ovolv.
od together with tlm high boat genor-
nlod. While mlno fires tlo not usual-
ly result In ii largo Iobb of life, thoy
frequently roduco thn output of a mlno
becniis*' they contract tho nren whleh
Is In ii workablo condition. Bach flro
must he dentil, wllh according to tlio
clreiiniHiuncim which surround It, con-'
Heqiionily thero Is no set of ruloa
which will npplyto every initio flro.
Of tho njnny enusos far mine flrca
.probably tho ehlof one Ih Ihe firing or
conl, timber, or other eombiiHtlble mu-
lerlnl In tho mlno, which mny imp.
pen In ordinary working or by nerl-
dom. Klios havo boon started by fu-
nnees or boilers In the mine, used for
pumping or.ventliiitlon, Tlmbor may
bo flrod by naked llghtH, gas Ignltod by
nn open light, hent gent rated by steam
■pipes, oxidation of coal, or aomc other
material. Conl may take flro spontaneously through oxidation; It may be
fired by comlnp In contact with an
oloetrlo en bio; dr In firing n Bhot, An
explosion may mart a flro by lighting
ft, ft    t*1 ff    ...1. f\»,     r,..,   ...   , 1.1    I i       ,
-.    .-    t .U  »   t,.„fa    itL.U.A
nt nnltitlnp 11m.> and then tint r.cAng
back to tho fnco to sno tf tho gna Ib
burning tromotlmes loads to mine flrea,
iwrtlcularly in the anthracite flald.
Probably tho greatest cnuso of flrea In
thn hltitmlnnita ennt TntnA,; t>( nnnninn
von* combustion dun to tlio oxidation
of fine coal, or to tho oxidation of py.
rlto. Associated wllh tlio oxidation of
coal, the sulphur In connection with
the coal also oxIiIIucb. Moisture favor* tho oxidation of milphur, but It
lmpedeH tho oxidation or conl, Tho
part which sulphur plays acenva to bo
be done with It. In practice thin It
difficult, hut for Ihe aaV«» nf making
el«.r the constitution of a anmplo of
eoal let it bo assumed It can bo done.
T.*e 1,1* KfAtflflx-i of rwal »r» inn*-
farmt to ,t porcelain crutttlt. tU_)„»d
lng a presturo In the conl which tenda
to break U up. This rhesalcal action
creates heat, musing gas io tn* glvon
off, whlrh, with Its lower temperature
of Ignition, aids In the utart of a fire
lit, (_»>'. Klvw. point.     AiMoclfttflrt with
tho oxldiatloii of coal and sulphur In n
pillar of coal, is pressure <iuo to tho
weight or the overlying mass which
tends to crack and flssue 'tbo pillar,
exposing largo surfaces to oxidation,
The last .condition would probably
novor start a fire directly. Tho coals
which are most liable.to spontaneous
combustion nro tho llgnltos and closely
associated bituminous conlH which
carry oxygon and volatile constllu.
ents. A flro would bo preceded by n
rise in temperature, a sort of musty
Binoll, of sweating of tho coal, gas will
bo given off in quantities until finally
exploHloim or gun would lio noticed after tho flro hns stnrtod,
PrevonMon Is nsunlly n matter of'
euro and foresight, but In cnBO n given
Hoani Is liable to fires, thoy may be
avoided by removing' nil /flno coal
from tho inlno, or aomotlmoa by ex.
eluding tlio air from tho gpb or adopt,
lng u special system of working,
A flro of small oxtont, especially in
entries, may bo put out by applying
wilor and pulling down lho burning
nmaa, loading It Into cnra'iind taking il
to tlio sunfneo when it hn« boon thor-
ougly ipiouehfld, Tho nlr In this ciiho
may reimlro tho oroctlon of partitions
or Homo napuclnlly designed v«ii(llnt>
Ing uppnmtiiH, Oftentlniofl n road
may bo driven nbovo tho seam, nnd
having erutod -lams previously tlio
flro liroa .may bu flooded. The most
offlclont method Ih by stopping off tho,
flro. This Ib, of rourne, to prevent air
from reaching tho Ire. Considerable
argument, goes on from time to time
as to which end should bo closod first.
• ..■a ...m: lhivh iiuiiuivu by closing
nil or end, V.iit ijj„- vi.iJ_.-i ilnjuU lui
closed first, because in bo dolntf tbo
fas glvon off from 'he flro Is bottled
nnd tt mixture Is formed containing
rro'o Men 10 to 12 per utnt of black-
oxploalon taking place. Aftor the
outlet haa been doied -there Is no
greet hurry In seating tho Inlet until
the emoko or gas Is detected rolling
bank from tho flro. The flrat parti-
lions erected may be of canvas, ot1
bnga filled with mind. If thoao aeem
to eufflce, a mawvnry dom nwilwl In
the walls on ni\ widen »hot|ld be erected; In this dam ahould be plaeed a
large pipe whUh may or may not contain a vaiv*. The end of thia plive
ahould I* placed In a barrel filled t»m,
water and gas allowed to bubble up
Miners'' Families Pass' First Peaceful
Night in Months—300 Live In Tents
.Babes Dying from Exposure and In-
. Banltary Conditions — Commission
Begins Probe.      .
• CHARLESTON, W. Va„ Sept. 17.—
Re.ro£.lied by sound sleep—tho first
thoy had experienced slnco last April
—5,000 minors and thousanfia of women and children awoke today liellev.
big that the day of tho brutal and depraved mine guards ln West Virginia
is over. 7 ■
They hnd retired' last night confident that thoy would not be kicked
from tholr humble cots by the guards,
Through the night thoy,- slopt undor
tho 'protection or'martial-law, proclaimed yeslordny ror the first time in
tho history of West-Virginia..
The return of tho troops has
ennsod n general oxodus of the mlno
guards^ Deprived of tholr gu»B tliey
nro (beating a; hiisty "retreat,' foarlng
Hint iho miners may vlHlt Just rotrlbu-
tlon upon thorn for tholr brutality
while (hoy hail tho upper hand, All
trains lonvlng lho district.'have many
of-tho Ilnuldwln guards aboard.
Governor Glasscock's commission
wont to Paint Crook Junction todny
to begin tnklng testimony. Tho Gov-
criior asked tho commission to probo
ovory pliaso of tho mlno situation In
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO;
A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
~™   ~    7   ~~~
Send us your orders
S3.50  RECIPE FREE,
For Weak Men
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have It Free and
Strong and Vigorous
Fernie-Fort Steele ■:
Co.i Ltd..
Pbrter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
H O T EL
I Itava In my pohhomnIuii n urcHorlntlon
tor.nerv.ou_i  ddblilty,  lack  of  vi«"r.
manhood, .falllnir  momory
woakoned  ....„
as,
l!_Ut
ymm.. nun nmi i-ujt-il m i.,*,.y uuin
and narvoua man rlirht In their own
!i°J5.?.r_.wM{!?^_«n? *3dlttonai halp^?
have a copy,    fio I have det'ir ninid  o
|opa to any mun wJio will Vrifemo Dir
XiTi}[i P""rlptlOTi comet from a nhyal-
men and I am conv need t la thn lur.
♦M-aptlnit oomhlnntton for tli.i"tir« of
3Jl!.c,S"J ."•"J'00'' »nd vigor fiiiuri
•VJ^..'?U^ loirethar.
#&m®m®
Any jnen
dlseaurayad
Bar Unoxcelled
All White, Help
Everything
Up-to-date
Gall In and
us ont...
mn KHJBJKLANOIK. Prop.
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Every person lUfea to bo comfortablo. Wo have"tho latest
dealgn of atonm hontlng apparatus In ovory room. Our menu
la tho best, Wo Runrantee aat-
Isfactlon. , Two blocks from C.
P. It, Depot. Old nnd how fuccs
welcomed.    -'   , ,
New Michel, B.C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
j
KING'S HOTEL
diwitRra wouM ifhlir^i tf * ??•?! J?***
^hrmiiih «h* water at .uch Umea to b^TTiM' aSkKV^ "*•
•ntlraly free.
Oar supplied with tlio beat Wlnea,
Mfjuorti and Clgnra
DINING nOOM IN CONNECTION
W.MILLS,
Vnp
Waldorf
Hotel
P. V. WHELAN, Managtr,
Rates $2.00 and up
i *
Hot and Oold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated. .
'Phone In tvtry room.
Simple Rooms on Main
Bullous Strait.
t i^BBmmWmwiimn
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special R*t*i% the wiiU and
tha month tmtl te Theatrical parties,  Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner
The rimit ef Wines, Liquors
and Clgtn aarvttf by eompeUnl
and obliging win* cfsrka. ..y,-y«»". •.'•','-'■;
1; y: .7 ■' ■ ;-> :y--■•■■'-y-%yyym^fi^^^^7yty yy:-~~ •- _i- ..s..i#.s. r* ;
yy y . ••.-.:.,.■"->:: ^-v^^^^'^r''^*1^:^^^ 0.77'1 7-, ■lNV^.^yr^.-.
.'-7,y ■"■'-l'-"-.'"' -''"7 "' '.",'"'r  ■" '   "-'-y '."'''_.-" .V.'.■_.■'; :' ■ .7 77''-: 7',\-77'   ■"'
THE} DIS^jCT^LEDOER; PERNIE,V B;, C.,. SEPTEMBER 21, 1912.
PAGE THREE
"J- .'    -.>   '
IP',..'-.
7S-i ■■ '"Capital.JPaid.Up.......;;.V.V7.:;..!......»2,870,00V
:7|i,.?. :V Reserve and Undivided Profits........ 3,500,000
..„. y. -Total Asseta.....................;........... 44,000,000
7 -; Just!aa a, Bucoesaful merchant makes everyj
.. effbrt€6 give his customers' courteous,' effi-"
clent attention, so do the off leers bf the Bank,
of Hamilton endeavorto render to depositors'
17",. every.'servlse'conslEtent with conservative3
'- ■'.> hanking' practice. 7'". -',■;,       ' 7.X' -': •'
I 7,„ No deposit la too small to assure the de-
ypositor considerate treatment—the savings
.'accounts of those In* moderate circumstances
J' are welcomed with courtesy, and.with ab-'
eenoe pt undue formality which makes bank-
___.  v _#____," ''■«' inS a convenience and a pleasure. '■■'"-
.Hum wniaa  ' I
HAMILTON F. B. Robertson, Afif«nr
l(, A i. .,.'■.-> i'
A. C. LIPHARDT
JEWELER  AND OPTICIAN.
FERNIE,   B.C.
S\t (.    j«-„
Speecft of the First: ■
^ ^?P)fesident ctf Gliina
ii-.
WHEN IN BLAIRMORE GIVE US A CALL
■.,   .r. •      - yv , --.', ■« -      yy .
J. M. /Thompson Co.
°    ,     The Quality Store
GROCERY, DRY GOODS, CROCKERY,
CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES
...--'•;•' - '  ■ • '   ■'-'
""\ y.. ©UR MOTTO -7' V'    ■''■"    ;
The right goods.    , The right treatment.    . The right
;       ' 7 v prices, each and every time.'   '"
s Pincher. Creek Creamery Butter from the nearest
-7        ,   creamery, is always fresh and of the
.;;/'. FINEST QUALITY  7 ...
"(Only confused rumors of -the speech
have i /been printed in" the . capitalist
press of the world. The matter, printed ibelaw is a translation by TbeVOom-
Ing Naitdon from. Berlin Vonwaertis).""
, The republic of'China is now established. In resigning my position
as provisional ipresldent of.the republic ft does not mean that I /KaVe ceased to flight for our cause.770n. Che
contrary. In laying down the, duties
of this office I bave gained the liberty
and the leisure to apply my strength
to far greater tasks. For 270 year*
China has been, beneajthi the rule of
the .Manchus. .During-this time repeated efforts have been made to obtain independence. , The Talplng re-,
hellion, a half century ago, was one
such an attempt. But that was only
a race war.. y
<: Even if Chat uprising has been successful ithe -country -would still -have
been suffering under an autocratic
government. _..-■>.
Not many years ago a few of us
oasne together Iii Japan and founded
a revolutionary party. This was based
upon three great principles:-, "
"„ (1) The freedom of the Chinese
race.- 'y'   ...,',-.       -'
(2) - The government of the people
by the people.
(3) .Absolute control, by the ..people
over the product of theland and their
labor.
The first; two principles have been
realized by-the overthrow,of the Man-
ohu, dynasty.', The economic; transformation remains for us yet to accomplish. "J It is today a subject of universal discussion, but the majority of the
Chinese 'people do not, as yet, understand its full significance. T-hey take
it for granted itihat the object of the
political regeneration could take its
place on an equality with the military
states of the west. But that.'was not
the goal of our efforts.
' There are today no nations, that are
richer, than England and Amer.lcar and
none more .highly cultured than
Prance,
more than can be described in" three
classes.. It is very, hard to say in what
degree the valuo of the real «stat* lm
Nanking varies ln 7 realtlom to that
within the Bund (the- principal European business street) at Shanghai, and
with the application "of the previous
methods it would be impossible to'secure justice in taxation.- The land with
high value belongs.to the wealtihy. To
place a. heavier tax od this would "not
be oppressive. The leBS valuable land
belongs to the poor people living in
thinly settled districts. These should
be taxed as little ea possible, An equal
tax ie laid on the land within" the
Bund and that owned by farmers.
But tlhe value of building <_ri.es in
Shanghai haa Increased 10,000 fold in
the last century.  .
.China la on the verge of a tremendous industrial .revolution. Commerce will extend in a gigantic manner and in 50 years we will have many
cities like Shangihnl. We need only
to have intelligence to rightly Interpret" our future. -We have now only to
make certain that the increasing value
of the real estate.goes to the profit of
the whole people who already have
created it, instead of to, the private
capitalists who through accident,have
oocone the possessor of the land."
PHILOSOPHY OF   :
•     THE HANGMAN
"FREE LOVE."
We are often accused of being free
lovers—while the facts are that the
present capitalist Bystem - ls producing what these objectors have in
their minds as free love. What they
mean is free lust, but being too Ignorant, or dishonest to use the right
words, they use "love" where they
Infer "lust." ,We live under a system
of sex lust—the four hundred thousand 'public women is ample proof.
And'the unnumbered thousands of unfortunate women who do not become
public  must also „ be charged  up to
the present system and its votaries
England isv a constitutional   Just wh7;the Sivln£ °r men "and wo-
Burn_ett\&Lansr
General DealeW
Quality
Goods
—and-
Living Prices
Dry .Goods, Boots, Shoes
y  Men's Furnishings 7
Groceries, Fruits and
Provisions
mtonatxihy, and -America and France
are republics. Nevertheless,- In all
theso countries the chasm between
the poor, and Bhe^rich is great and
the idea of revolution flows", in\ the
views of Its citizens. If a social revolution is <not' brought aibont in these
___o_unli_l€a_ltlien_th--7--iaiorltv_,Qf-_the.
excluded
Bellevue, Alta.
r€.
A; I.BLAIS
Grocer
Wo carry a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
PKpne 103        :*:        Frank, Alta.
men- workers the full value of tlielr
products will make them more indecent or immoral; is not clear." When
women receive as much for the same
labor as men, they will not have to
pay any man or set of men any interest, rent.or profit, that they will
throw their .bodies on the market,\is
wor© tho FIRST PRIZE and tha GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC,?
Became thoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all the tlmo at:
THE 41   MARKET  CO.
8AM QRAttAM, Minaoer
PHONE 41
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
Lumber for all
Purposes
boro at any tlmo and la any
Quanlty, You cannot iwaray
u« with a largo ordar, or |l»o
ui ao wall a ont that w« will
not attand to It,
YHlftE AM ttOARDI, BEAM!
JOISTS. tHINQLKt, EU.
for any kind tt _ralldl.ii you
nay ba at work vjoa/nav*
na Mad yon what yw want
wban yoo want It
MVMM.AMl VA_rt. M_.M-_.M_M. aV_L.e#K«M, B_HH>f. ftttMIM
peoplo must remain excluded from
the,.well being and joy of life. Today
happiness Is confined to a few capitalists. The mass of the workers suffer bitterly nnd can look forward' to
no-peace.
The revolution of a race, or a political transformation Is/easy to accomplish, but the transformation of
a society is -more difficult. Only a people of great ability is capable of carrying out n social revolution.
Some sny to us, "Up -to the present
your revolution has been a success;
why'nro you not'satisfied now, nnd
willing to woll? Why do you seek to
accomplish what England nnd America .with" all their wonlth and tihelr
knowledge- have not attempted to undertake?" To follow the advice that
these questions Imply would ho poor
policy, for In England nnd America
civilization, nnd industry havo developed Intertwined, nnd n social trans-
foirmnitlon would theroforo bo difficult. \\'o, In (.hliift hnvo not yot progressed so far. A social revolution
Is for us'comparatively eusy: It is
poHslblo for iis to forestall tlio capital-
1st sin got . <
In capitalistic countries tlio oxlstlng
Interests nro powerfully defondod and
H Ib difficult to attain to nny othor
foundation. In China thero Is not'up
to the prosont olthor vested Intorostn
or capitalists, ht)d for Uiobo roasons n
social ■' revolution Is comparatively
onoy.
I am often askod if such a transformation must nocosHnrlly ba nceonv
pantod with vlolonco, For America
nnd England I answer, yes; hut not
In China, - Tho Btrlko of tho nrltUlt
coal minora proves my slntomont. Yet
thin wns no revolution, but simply'11
doslro expressed by nn oppressed /poo>
plo, In tho dlrootlon of tho iiowwiuulon
of tho iittturnl Hotircoa of wonlUi, nnd
It nppoars na >lf this deslrxi can bo
grntl.lod only through force, tt may
oanlly bo a»ft»lhlo that for ub nlno tho
Mtnlnmont of a noclnl rovoliitlon will
bo, difficult, but wo aro at least In a
position to »oo toward whnt tho com*
plate process Is tondlng and lt Is not
noecMary for us to spook of thoso
mothod-. of doapalr or of tlio danger
to tlio itfnto whioh tholr renllfuWon
might bring; '   .
If nt tho .hoglnnlng of Uio oxlstonco
of tho Cfilnoao republic wo nogjoct to
t/LLf^i uu 1 *«»»«• uu t_u«rd *t_jd_...»(. uj«.
rnpllaUwa lhat __. alrwidy _*1 J__i;.a wv
may expect a now donpoUsm ton tlmo*
more horrible than that of tlie Man.
chua mid *tTWwn»]|of blood Willi bo
MMtmry to froo na from It,  CortaAnly
***^<** M*_k«_,i ww«ia/j4,i
One queatlon espaolally pro_woa lt>
aelf on our attantlon. As noon aa our
new rovwnaiotvt U firmly e«U_1>lM.e<_
It will become nocowmry to deal with
the quoaUonot red aatata. Tbat la a
neooaaary oonaoqneoe* of tho revolution. Tho Interotu of pragnaa will
otmwl iMa, Vo to tb* pr<u»nt tho
land ownwa bare paid a tax on their
aoamce aooordln* «• Mum warw dl-
vktod 4nto om of tttraa daataa. baat.
tnadluttr and common land, tn tha
future the bula ef taxation will have
to to tit* valua of a oaa'a pMpwty,
for the quality or the aoU variaa much
too""aTJT_TFd"1[or~aiiyffiing. —Womei_ are
driven by poverty .today to' sell themselves. To give them a greater income for. industry would certainly
make them, more Independent and
thus save such, from a life of shame.
Those who accuse Socialists of being
free lusters are thoso whoso private
lives would not look well In print.'
There will be no woman so poor under Socialism that any man will be
rich enough to buy her. There will
be no. prostitution, when we have ec
onomlc justice We, have1 prostitution , now' because' wo have economic
Injustice, because we have a rule by
republlcnn nnd democrats'or Liberals
and Conservatives. Tholr system now
produces-free lust—Soclnllsm would
abolish It by making conditions undor
which It, could not flourish.—The Ap-
poal,
In these'days when capital punishment is so earnestly discussed,' pro
and con, by the press, and pulpit of
the land the philosophy of-, a hangman would doubtless be interesting;
. Radclive was the, public executioner for the.1 Dominion bf Canada for
tvventyone years and during that time
sent one himdred'and ninety-two souls
into eternity.'' Eaeh one a second after
the condemned person's spiritual adviser murmured the words "Deliver us
from evil.", Nine of these were murderesses. . He lived in the city ot Toronto as a hermit, going to do his
"damnable job" as he called it only
when he was notified by tb.e depart-
cent ot justice. He wa:< known to
few and he scarcely tver. left the
avenue where he lived. For fifteen
ymre his only compnny was his aged
mother and a dog, his wife having
left him shortly after he obtained the
title of public executioner. Then his
mother left him. Tbe "killer" himself
was a finely-built, 'big, burly Englishman who haldJ travelled the world as
sailor, chef and dealer in all sorts of
merchandise. He was the son of an
English church clergyman, well educated; had a degree as a pharmacist
and -had spent some time in medical
college. He was fond of music and
flowers and his. garden was a noted
one for rare specimens. Moreover he
was tender hearted and kind to- a degree and the children and babies of
the neighborhood . clung to him and
followed him around his home and up
and down the street Mothers who
would' notr have it said that they had
been seen talking to the "hangman"
were glad to allow the -children to go
with him because they were always
safe/ He used to aay: "I am crazy alright for children, and dogs speak to
me, but men and women won't;"
My first acquaintance with this peculiar man was on the eve of the
hanging of a negro named Boyd In the
City of Tomnto. I had lived in the
neighborhood for months but had never seen him .until this, night when I
found him pacing the floor in an agonizing excitement He invited me in
and explained .that he did not.-. like
newspapermen. Later when I learned
to know lilm when I was about the
only mann,he had left to talk to he
.went into the history of his "killing
business."      . >
- "No one,",he -stated, "not even my
wife arid family want to see and talk
to me -because I am a killer. My
TOSIife^whenTl^came-uTCanada wa3
jyjANY brands pf Baking Powder contain alum,
Twhich is an injurious acid. The ingredients of
alum baking powder are never printed oh the label.
[•BITOT I
ITiTl
3SKfl-.fi
Magic Baking Powder
contains no alum and is the
only baking powder made
? in Canada that has all the
ingredients plainly printed
on the label.
EWGILLBTT COMmNYUMITED
TORONTO, ONT.
WINNIPEG- MONTREAL
swvTvmvKge,
been sentenced. My, family deserted
me and changed their names, but I
kept right on the job because I argued
with myself that If I was doing wrong
then the government of the country
was wrong and would be punished-. I
held thnt I was the minister of juBtlce
at a hanging and that if I was a murderer he was also a murderer. And
so I pacified -my conscience In that
way for many years, .but or late It, ls
killing me. The remorse which comes
over me Is terrible, and my nerves
give out until I have not slept for days
at a time. I suffered agony of mind
that was terrible and began to feel as
if iron bur., tightened around .me. I
used lo say to condemned persons as
I beckoned wih, my hand, "Come with
me." Now at night when I lay down
I start with a roar as victim after victim comes up 'before me. I can see
them on tho trap waiting a second before they faced their Maker. They
taunt. me and haunt .me until 17 am
nearly crazy with an unearthly fear.
Then the 'hangman would shake as
If with an ague. One time there was
a hanging scheduled for Rat Portage.
Ont, It was a short time before Rad-
cllve died. He had declared he would
not kill another man. The department notified liini of the date nnd the
other "particulars and as the day drew
around Rudelive became terribly upset. He would yell and shriek: "Go
away from me." I thought that he was
going to die and so informed the department of justice. A representative
came down and told Radcllve ''he
would have to go or lose the position.
He insisted that, he was too 111 and at
the last moment when tlio train for
the north pulled out another, man was
on the way to do the job. Five minutes'after tlie train left Radclive was
up and shaving himself,' apparently as
Radclive did not live to officiate
at another hanging. He was succeeded
by a man named Arthur Ellis. During
the past five years there have been
hundreds of applicants for the job and
seven even offered Radcllve money to
allow them to go to the chamber of
death in his stead.
WAGES   IN   THE   UNITED  STATES
CHARITY
The Socltillsts nro opposed to char-
that of chef and after securing a posi-,
tion with the Royal Canadian Yacht
Club rbrought, my family to Toronto
and settled here. 7,There was a man
hanged at Guelph and ^he sheriff's
man made'such a botch of the thing
that tho man did not die for fifteen
minutes. It was the talk of the coun-
try at tho tlmo and the government
decided that a public executioner for
the Dominion of Canada should bo
named at a yearly retainer nnd fees.
I had studied the anatomy of the'neck
nnd believe I cnn break the best neck
In tho world by my mothod of tightening the ropo and springing the trnp.
So I applied for the job nnd got It;
My, first hanging ,wns Biircholl, at
Woodstock, Ont, -and tlio crlmo for
twhlcli ho wiib found guilty wns so tor-
rlblo tliat I iiad no compunction nbout
putting him out of business in quick
manner. Then I, koplr on, going at
the cnll of tho sherriffs from Vancouver to Halifax, whero a murderer hnd
ity.
Thoy dCBplso chnrlty,
,Why?
DI3CAUSI3 TII12 MEN AND WO-
MJ.N WHO DOL!. OUT CRUMHS OF
CHARITY TO Till. WORKERS ARM
THIS   SAMI3   MI3N   AND   WOMEN
who hon Tin-; workers.
Tho workers need no chnrlty.
Thoy havo brnlns, Thoy havo.muac-
Iob,    They hnvo willingness to work.
Hy applying tholr brnlns nnd tholr
musclcB ta thc land und tho machinery, the worker* cnn produco—nml
nro producing—'sufficient wonlth to
keep thoniHcIves nnd tlielr ffimlllos ln
comfort.
Thn cnpltiillfiiH, hy claiming ownership of tho land nnd Ihe machinery—
nolthor of which thoy hnvo created—
comp-il tho workers to glvo up to thorn
tlio greater part of tholr product.
. Ab a result the workors nro poor—
tho cnpltullntH nro rich,     ,.
Tho workorH starve—tho enpltnllaU
llvo In luxury,
Tho capltalista, to soothe tholr no
cuhIiik coimcloii-09, nnd bocauao thoy
aro afraid of the growing dissatisfaction nmong tho workeri, with sanctimonious fnccB glvo bnck to tho workors n vory small pnrt of whnt thoy
hnve Hlolonfrom Ihem — nnd cnll It
Chnrlty!
Or courso, thoy expoct thnnkfulneis
wl \if\ffifi\Hf' \f\ r'twr^
Rut thi» wnrVt(»rii, thnt In .hf intelligent workors, nro neither thankful nor
humble
From day to day they reside moro
fully that whnt la needed la not for
fhp rich to fp-»rt the jwinr. tint fnr Oin
rich to atop feeding ON th« poor.
Dut tho rich will not do ao of their
own volition.
Aa Tolatol uald: "Tbo rich will do
anything for the poor except Mt off
their backa."
It la up to the workera to remove
tha rich from Uvelr baeka by united
action at tbo ballot bot.—Ralph Korn-
fold.
welPasTTvef. TlIe~phyBlclairs.fl«rT__r
wob suffering from nervous shock.
n To continue In "Radcllve's own
words: "I will go to hell sure, and
terrible punishment, for I am two hundred times a murderer, but I won't
kill another man. I had always
thought capita! punishment was right
but not now. I believe tho Almighty
will visit the Christian nations with
dire calamity If tliey don't stop taking
the lives of their fellows. Murderers
should bo allowed to live as long as
posslblo nnd work out their own salvation on behnlf of the slate. It Is
the only solution, for the stamp of
Cain Is on my brow nnd the brow of
the government and the nation, as
long as oapltnl punishment Is practised on thlB globe."
"When I nm dead," lie,often snld.
"toll the peoplo that tho hnngman
suffered the,tortures of hell on earth
after ho hail killed a hundrod persons.
And I wish to God I would die right
now,    The strain is killing me."
A man who took the trouble to look
into the conditions,and remuneration _
of labor, has wVitten a book on wages
paid in the United States.    Here are
some facts he has discovered:
Not more than 10 per cent of the Industrial workers of the country re-
celve over $i(M)0 a year. One-half of
them get less than $800 a year. . '
The Individual earnings of tlire'e-
fourths of the women workers amount
to less than $400 a year.
After exhaustive Investigation the
United StateB Bureau of Labor has
concluded that $900 a year. Is the lowest wage upon . which an American'
working man can support a family and
maintain his efficiency as a worker. ■'
On this basis and with conditions
such as statistics prove exist, Jt apr
pears that approximately only a little'
more than one-tenth of the workers of
the country are providing their families aiid themselves with a proper liv-'
ing. -   ,
, These.facts aro most vital. The perpetuity of the civilization is involved.
Unless it can maintain its workers the
nation cannot be maintained.
ft is shown by existing wage conditions-that tliere Is cause for grave
concern over, the high cost of living,
and the chief duty of American statesmanship is to" find n solution,of the
problem.—Buffalo Enquirer.
MODERN CANNIBALS
One of the' greatest of American
orators onco said: "Thc poor man who
deforms himself by toil, who labors"
for wife nnd child through, all his'anxious, barren, wasted lire,'who goes
to the 'grave without ever having one
luxury, has been tho food of others;
ho Iiub >been devoured by his fellow
men. ', Tlie poor woman living In the
bare and lonely room, cheerless and
flrelcBs, sewing night and day to keep
starvation from lior child, is slowly being devoured by her follow men. When
I tnko Into consideration the ngony of
civilized llfo, the failures, tho poverty,
the nnxloty, the tours, tho withered
hopes, the bitter rcnllltcs, the hunger,
crime, tho liumllliitlon, the flliiime—.
nm nlmoBl forced to sny that cnnnlbnl-
tam,'after nil, Is the most merciful •
form In which mnn Iiuh over lived
upon IiIb fellow inun."—Kxchatif,1'.
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Order" Tailoring
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MUM VKB THMAf M» IMMC. MMm
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You have thc assurance that thd measures arc right—
with thc added assurance that a perfect fit is guaranteed.
The Srmi-ready Company stands behind our ocrsonal
guarantee.
300 patterns to choow from—finest Engllih weave. In
Wontedi, Chevioti, Sergei and Tweedi, ranging In vrilue
from fIS to iii when made to Special Order
Semi-retdy Tailoring it told at absolutely the tame label
price, everywhere in Canada; We tend the order by mall—
and the Suit U hand>tailor<d at the ahopt. Prompt delivery
Always on date promlwd.    Five-day Tailoring Schedule,
G. F. JOHNSTON
FEUNIH, B.C. ^.A__.
-i-S^V-.}
-'.-.Js,',.'
■ -,'.1 _
_»-~-1--
1 si/
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,--FERNIE, B. C.-.SJEPTEMBER 21,1912.
'' ft .*■ i "■
£tb$$t
- Published every Saturday morning at its office;1
Pellat Avenue, 'Fernie, B. 0.   Subscription .$i.6tf
per year in advance.   An excellent advertising
',  i  ■     •' "        .    "'..y   .-* ■ •■"-■ .,
medium.   Largest circulation in the District.   Ad-
rertising rates oni application. -
' ■',-• .  "H.P. NERWICH,'Editor,'-*,
Telephone No/48. S'X      Post Office Box No. 380
.UNION |&ft)..ABEL>
THE VALUE OF  A HUMAN BODY UNDER
PRESENT SYSTEM—$12.50
ii QjEVEN mouths' imprisonment'for a stiff ra-
^     gette who pleaded'guilty to damaging
property to the value 6f twenty-five dollars; seven
months for a procuress who ruined two young girls
.—such was the justice recently-meted out in an
Irish court."       - '
* The above brief extract, consisting as. it does of
only six lines, bespeaks volumes to those who take
tlie trouble to look below the surface of things.
Private property is indeed sacred, and, so, much
more so than mere flesh .and blood that wo see the
purpose in the above instance stand out very mark-,
.   ecllv.    Even thc charge is made that the labor men
1 .       - -i
and the Socialists are mere breeders of class hatred;'
and yet when such instances as the above stated become; as they must, more'or less commonplace,'differing only in detail, but not'in essence.'is it°not
■ natural to expect tliat the producing class against
whom these maladministrations of justice are worked upon.should feel that there is decidedly a class
law, a law which will go lo the limit in its prolec-
, tion of class interests. And yet these -harpies of
human society who make their livelihood by the
destruction of that which should be considered the
most sacred asset, honor of womankind, are' given
the trivial sentence of seven months.    .Taking this
^illustration, and wc do not think by so,doing we
are by any means minimizing the state of affairs,
the price of girls is $12.50 each, because we see the
same sentence meted out for .damaging $25' worth
,. of property as is given.-to a'procuress for ruining
two young girls, hence Ihe argument-$12.50 is a
simple mathematical proposition. These lessons
from the book of life are more potent by "showing
up. thc character of present day conditions than
many volumes,of scientific and philosophic-effort
from learned pen. '    .
RO OSE VELT—ANTf SO CI ALISt"
d Q» OCULISTS ought to point with pride to the
""     ^ Progressive platform'as indicating .the me-
teroric growth of their principles, since it so nearly
, parallels their own platform."   ! 7
'   .The above is an excerpt from a paper across tlie
border, and which was brought'to our attention.
-At a first glance of Roosevelt's platform it would
seen that not-only is it "so nearly parallel" to the
Socialists' platform, but that it was stolen in- toto.
But on closer scrutiny it will bo found by one who
.knows anything'at all about Socialism that it, is
nothing but a clever counterfeit.     Taking it for
granted that the Progressives—viz, Roosevelt—aro
sincere in their declaration of principles, and also
assuming that thoy wero in a position to carry
them out thc present system of capitalism and pro-
. fit would still be jn vogue.     Its   foundation   is
merely based on a principle of partnership, or pro-
fit-sharing.    Even tho staid and conservative Out-
look, which had until recently Roosevelt ns its as-
sociatc editor, denies that Socialism and Progres-
sivism havo anything in common.    Under the odi-
torial title "Capitalism Progressivism, Socialism—
Which Shall It Ho?" it endeavors to establish a
middle ground for Teddy's movement.    It says:
"The remedy proposed by Progressives nnd tlio
remedy proposed by Socialists nro not tho same;
thoy are not merely inconsistent, they nro directly
nnd emphatically antagonistic. Tho gronte»t foo
to Socialism is not Conservatism, it is Progressivism."
Tliis is certainly very much to the point, nnd tho
candour must bo npprflciatcil. The pnllintivoH
KoohovoK hns to offer tlie workingman might have
hoodwinked some people had it, como from another
• quartor, bill knowing him as the Amorica 'people do
Jt will have very littlo effect. Roosevelt with all
his tniB.-bi.Hting nnd big sticks cnn no longer fool
the people, ho has hnd a long innings, ami his gamo
is nt nn end. Can anyone imagine Rockcri'llcr,
Cnrncgk' arid others of the samo"ilk being dosirotm
of cv.iii slmring their profits witli their employees
whom thoy aro todny bleeding to death? Yot that,
ii> wlmi it itinotuilN to, for tliey nio tlm people at
lh*' back of Roosevelt. Thoy arc putting up the
vast kiiiiih noucfcHury to run his campaign, and this
they arc nsNiircdly not doing for the bonofit of the
working Hiikh.     Tlio Outlook further snys:
"The ronl remedy far tlio Hocial war nnd lho o.vil
conditions out of which that war has grown, is the
recognition that tool owners nnd tool users are
partners, and a readjustment of their relationship
in terms of n partnership, which will include participation in profits and participation in the control
o_ their united imUmryS
In thiw glorious partnership who would draw, up
Uio agreement?, In tho human society there nro
only two classes. Directly or iudiroclly wo nro
all either tool owners or tool userj.. Thore is no
third party to act nn referee. Ft \a too much to
ex|*jct that the rules will bo made by the eonsent of
both parliHt, and as present arrangements are all
in favor of tool owners, it k eaay to see who will get
the lion's share. When the owners fall, of making
concessions it is only because they nre frightened
by the pr*»ie*t and growing power of the tool-mer*.
Therefore, the only, change that can be made^lbok^.
ing to the"■ establishment.of-:a ^partnership.would
have to come as a demand, from": the^tool .users'
backed by their capture of .the, political power, that
could enforce such "a partnership.'s/We. tool I users
have suffered poverty for centuries and" have seen
our masters' take the wealth that 'we produced. - Is'
it any wonder, that we hqav demand the,full product of our toil. In'the drawing up'of this .agree-",
ment the worker will, ask shorter hours .of work,
more pay, greater .opportunities for education and
pleasure. ;A11 he asks is tti come into his owii. ' The
tool'owner-will want to keep his automobile, to continue his'monkey dinners,.and he must not forget in,
all such negotiations'his .wife's, allowance, for five
thousand dollar Parisian,!gowns,, and 'other such
little necessities.; Is it reasonable to suppose,that
an amicable agreement can be arranged under such
conditions. Even at'the best tlie tool user "would
recognize that the-'tool, owner is only a silent partner, producing nothing, living off the labor bf the
active partner. Such a partnership could not end
Me' class Avar. Where "material interests are- at
slake the fight must go on. When all are workers,
then, and then only, will tliere be peace. 4 Roose-.
velt and,his Progressivism are only side-tracking
the issue.      " -     .      - '       7      ' •    , ....
77.y
"V-*--
I VuryLetter$o%4
TRUST-RIDDEN CANADA
np UK London Daily News does not hesitate to
* declare that Canada is trust-ridden. ■ Canadians who nre attached to either of the two dominant
parties are in the'habit of boasting and priding
themselves of their manifold advantages oyer our
southern neighbors, and when approached by anyone who,has eyes to see and ears'to hear on the subject these'people deny the fact that this "country is
trust-ridden. The Daily News is perfectly correct
in its statement. ' .We, have our fruit combine,
which raises thc price of.fruit "so liijh that it taxes
this ordinary poor working plug unduly to gaze in*
the fruit store windowg. , We .have coal trusts,,
beef trusts, 'lumber trusts," flour trusts and cement'
trusts. Jn. fact nearly every commodity in this
country is trustified '.just like our big neighbors
across the border.' They might not be quite -so
rich financially, but are", in proportion to the population, just as strong'politically. Given half a
chance we shall yet see them swell financially, until
ultimately, as will happen everywhere else, they
will burst with their own-over-inflation. Some of
the more moderate blame the Canadian Government
for not making an effort to check the dire work'of
these monopolies, but "such talk is foolish in the
extreme. Their own party, where it in. power,
would,not,.and could not, do better, for it is not
within their range. They are put there by the
interests and Jt is the interests whom they arc
compelled- to protect, or tlieir -political life would
be of short duration. Unfortunately the truth of
this has not dawned upon them yet, but a sense of
realization will soon give them a rude jolt.   ,-
SLOT MACHINE UNIONISTS
SOME'workers look 011 their trade union as a
, slormiiehine. They think that by putting in
50 cents a month, or $6 a'year, for instance, an
eight-hour day and an increased wage 'scale will
automatically roll out.
A trade union is not a thing in itself.
, Men talk about their'union as if it were something separate, distinct and apart from themselves,
They growl about tho union. They bemoan.its
shortcomings, and overlook entirely their obligations and their failures.
They fail to sec that they themselves are the
union, and only as they live and talk and act as
union men will thc union prosper and be what it
was intended for—simply,an instrument lo make
possible tlio collcctivcjiction of workers.
A union is not n machine tliat you can stand up
against the wall to throw rocks at, and then secure'
benefits evory time thc mood comes over you.
Thore is no such thing us the union. You I You I
You arc the union. Don't bo a slot machine unionist.—Toledo Union Lender.
-, - ■ ..' ■ jo union; men'. ^ ^"V--
To the ' Editor,, District Ledger.^..-, "7
' Dear -Sif;yOnce 'againjj .craved the
indulgence of "your paper regarding the
conversation .that goes on.in the' mine
train of a fe^unsopliisticated people
concerning the "manipulation" of, the
Grand Theatre and the. union" in general. , I ask these people, Tl cannot call
them brothers, what-do,they' join-the
Union for? 'is it for tW other fellow's-benefit or'. their-'own material
benefit Let ;me}tell .these demago^"
gues and diatribes'it-is for'their'own
material,"benefit. They are, delinquent in every sense of the Avordrnot
orily to the union to which they belong
butv to their own families."' "If'they
will attend' the meetings,',, they will
find a commentator on the floor, and
his explanation will be^'uncontrover-
tible. .If they are too-;busy",mating
gruel or cinder tea we will bring them
the affairs as tbey are carried on for
their - endorsement or refutation. I
have not seen any of these .'people-at
any meeting since-the resumption of.
work. But their voice predominates
in the condemnation of the few who
give-their, time to the interests of the
Union, aiid tjhe working' of the' Grand
Theatre. If they - have "only one"
little idea it may bear fruit, for it Is
only by tlieir fruit shall ye know tliem.
You can hear their sweet, manly voices
blaming the Socialists for walking by'
the Grand and going to the Orpheum or
he Isis.' I don't recollect seeing these
gentlemen attending the Grand. Of
course 1 may 'be. mistaken. But why.
blame the Socialists: ".'It is owing to
the indifference of the men. ih general
that things are as' they are. We, as
a body of men, although we are cosmopolitan, should be able to, put in one
of the finest • shows and" educating library between Winnipeg and the coast,
it only needs one thing, and' that is
co-operation bf ideas'. Once again I
would ask these people to refrain from
their, senseless twaddle and attend the
meetings which are both educating.and
profitable. As a Socialist 1'must tell
you this aud I hbpe you will study it:
The bed-rock of science is that human
society lives to provide forMiuman society. ' One man cannot live alone:
• Thanking you for past favors,
,, - I am, dear sir, ' .
Yours respectfully,
TOTIDBM VERBIS
Sept7l9th,"19i2.'       .   ' ,       '
'tions. , The wqrk.i, street's, off ices and'
riiiners' homes;wiil'be^ligUted bylelec-1
tricity, ahd:.it is planned',$>; establish
club rooms arida library'carefully selected for the miners and their families' 7 - •"■' ■ 'xSX,.i ■' .. -,y ....,   ,.
BRITISH LABOR LEADERS PLAN
\ DOWNFALL OF LIBERAL PARTY
.7CHURCHILL SPRINGS SURPRISE
1   ',- ' -'     *'   - - - . -f - . - ,v-
-V.,7 -."   ;<" ).S'~*r-. *'7'.:y
Party  in   Povyer  Receives Two   Bad
7 Jolts this Week—Policy 6flaborites
- is Undoubtedly Aim'ed-aVlhtegrlty of
. Liberal Organization.-;.'   .   ... , ,-;,'
MUNICIPAL, PROBLEMSy,\ Ty y
V   -t;y' .DISCUSSED AT FERNIE
Provincial? Commission\ofb'Enquiry.
- V,;.Hear .Suggestions'from'.MenV <:S
' -:.7" .:y-7:-,lnterested|'.X. J*--- 7y_
LAIDLAW.MINE IN THE NORTH
Xo.J5p_en_d_Quarter__,M!!!!on..Do!!ars.
■   the* Plant
Andrew Cnrnogie, speaking at Montroso, sup-
ported tho incomo tax plan in operation in Great
Britain, and declared that "this just taxation tho
millionaires of lho United States and tho Dominions
have thus far escaped, but thoir day is coming. The
hoards of jnillioniiiros,' the bloodsucker continued,
"Hliould bo thus treated, becauso it is just, and
juslico Alono insures general contentment." IIa\*.
ing thus becomo converted it'may bo expected that
Cariicgii' will immodintely tako stops to hoc that
his employees iu tho steel industry will receive-a
living ..viigo. This hi. could do at IimihI until his
millions will bo taxed. After that Im nmy not he
able to afford such generosity. This heartless
exploiter, ns am lho other members of his cIiirh, in
nothing but an hot^nir artist. . Talk iH cheap and
ho long as ho knows that it will have no ill-cffoct to
himself, ho is prepared to dish it out by the bushel.
I'rcHidiMit OlwinibM'NJ of the O. T, l\r is running
special Irninlonds of railwnv construction liihornri.
to the went, and hafl promiHcd to continue hiq recruit ing campaign until he Iihr satisfied IiIh needs.
This summer muni havo added «.nni» hundred thou-
sand unskilled men to Alborta and 11. C, and tho
l>roN|H.clH for the coming winter for thenc mm lHn
bo anything but bright. HarvcNtor* are brought
here for, >my, two monthi. work ami tho railroad
will need men up till the ond of November at the
latest, Tho country will then ho flooded with its
usual unemployed market, but this year it looki
an if there will lm nu HiorinouH number of men
without a trade roving the country for work. Hfitli
the authorities nnd lho railroads know thw full wall
yet for thc mike of profit arc ao brutally heartier
to bring men hero who they know arc bound to
undergo terrible hardships and privations for.the
four Kwrcst months of the year.
EDMONTON, Sept. 16.—Two hundred and fifty thousand dollars will be
expended by the Jasper Park Collieries, Ltd.,for machinery and equipment
and Its coal mines in'Jasper National
Park Iii western Alberta, according to
an official announcement made by Andrew Laldlawof Spokane, Wash., on
returning to Edmonton from an inspection of the property.
Mr. Laldlaw said "It la'expected the
mines will be Jn operation in December.. However, the full capacity of
tho plant, estimated' at 2000 tons a day,
may not be reached at tho outset; but
will bo, ho added, as soon as.tho development work permits of such production, . The major portion of the output
has boon contracted for by the-Grand
Trunk Pacific and the Canadian Northern Railway' companies and will bo
usod ln operating tho trains on their
western divisions, Tho rest will bo
sont to Edmonton and cities and towns
ln Central Alborta.
Tho machine and supply Bliops, pow>
or bouse, offices and,other buIldlngB,
Including an electric light plant nnd a
water systom, tho latter costing $10,«
000, and GO throo and'four-room cottag-,
es, nro nenrlng completion. Forty additional cottages will be built at onco,
Two hundrod and twenty-sovon men
aro omployed nt prosont. This numbor, lt was announced, will be increased to SOO within 00 days.
Tho company's properties, consist-
Iiik of 16,000 ncres held undor lease
from tho govornmont, are tapped by
tlio main Unas of the Grand Trunk Pacific and Jho Canadian Northern railroads, also bolng blsoctod by tho Athabasca Illvur. mturmnoiiB cool of high
grado occurs In soamir, tho pitch bolng
(!0 and C7 di-groos, Kntranco to tlio
works Is by shaft sunk on tlio platoau,
Soveral Beams have been oponod on
llio Bouth sldo of tho rlvor, tho ono now
under development bulng olght foot In
thicknoHB. A largo tunnol Is bolng
drlvon under tlio present lower lovol
and rroBHcntg will bo mndo to tap
othor sontnH.        '■ '
"Wo aro,now arranging to oxploro
oiit-cropplngs of tho soams on thb
north Hlilo of tho river," Mr, Lnldlnw
said, "nnd If tho product comos up to
the expectations, nnotlior largo plant
will  lift' InatnUml  ttinrf   "rPCtlTl!!"'   T.
duplicate of tlio nun 'how nnflpr cnn-
vtruetion. Wo nxpnet to tnko up this
work Insldo of throo months. Robort
If. Morris, manager of tho colllorlos,
will have full clmrgo of tho operation.'."
Tlio compnny Is building a modol
mining vlllago In tho h«i.rt of the
.Impor Natlonnl Park, situated on A
high plateau, with Mount Mlotto and
othor majestic peaks of the.Canadian
Uocklos In tho distance. Work Is pro-
r-rcsalng on bulUllngK lor church and
school snd hospital and "stores. Tlio
wut-tt' mipply nyntftn Is arrvod from
ft sprlng-fcd reservoir several hundred
feet abovo the village. Every attention Is being Riven lo sanitary conOt-
TRY   A   "LEDORn"
WANT   A DVT.
.   ...     * ' ,.
-1,7  _...-«
_ LONDON, Se'pt7fi.-^EngIIsh171_iber-'
alisra has* this* week received .two .bad
jolts. The'Midlothian; election's real,
significance lies not.Jn" the fugitive and
temporary victory of the Tory; candidate, but in the evidence that a new
third party has really emerged in'Eng-
lish'polltlcs." v,The Labor party at first
was practically a wing of Liberalism;
Its representatives - in. parliament - are
still mainly sympathetic* to the Liberal government, but Midlothian comes
after much other evidence-to prove
that large sections of British* workmen are resolved to run the. Labor
party as irreconcilable and wholly independent. " ■ , ■-.";.
Plan; to Wreck Liberal'Party
Though they may not be able' to re-'
turn all their candidates, they believe
that they will at least .succeed in,
wrecking-Liberal hopes in one'hundred constituencies in tho next election'. .They are angry with:'the-present government for its flrm; action
during the railway and dockers' strike,
for Its refusal to force the atnendment
for trades disputes,bill through'parliament, and" for some of the effects "of
the insurance act on seiiu-organized
labor. They- '.associate themselves
with the most extreme woman suffragette-party, thoy heap-bitter'denuncia;
tion' on'their old Lib'erar'frlends. •
■ Winston and His Heptarcny
.The second jolt ls from Winston
Churchill's .bolt from the blue,'in his
Thursday speech at (Dundee, when he
boldly proposed the revival of the old
Heptarchy, and the devtsioii- of ' the
United Kingdom under several,separ-.
ate parliaments.- 'His statement has
crea_ed\universai surprise, > especially
among thf Conservatives, who were reported,to be considering an alternative
Home Rule proposal by'which Ulster
shall be allowed to retain a separate
' autonomy'apart from the'rehialnder of
Ireland. London's two Liberal-morning papers, the Daily News'and Chronicle, .ma'de no comment Friday .morning, evidently fearing to Commit tliem-
selves'either wa^ '  -  ';."  ;,-'."  '
"Manchester Guardian . Criticizes -Plan
The leading provincial Liberal, jour-
nnlpthe Manchester Guardian, declares
tliat Churchill has given.a handle.to
his critics,- and-that he has evidently
not thought out the boundaries of his
English- heptharchy > very, completely.
His idea; lt maintains, se'eniB to con-,
fuse nationality with mere locai pride
nnd ls artificially born,' not of conscience nnd passon, but of a purely Intellectual set of views on administrative convenience. Even the Westminster Gazette, which usually closely vole-
os the views of the inner government
group, openly'expresses doubt about
thb practicability of Churchill's sug-,
gestlon, and confesses it finda lt, rather startling to Imagine LanciiBhire and
Yorkshire . Parliaments- each enacting
laws. •    •   ■ '    '
Unionist workors continue to express
confldonco .in tho oarly dissolution of
parliament, posBlbly boforo CliristmnB,
Of this thoro is no evidence whatever.
All Impartial observers aro agreed that
tho govornmnt will continue In office
whntovor temporary vlctorio. the Un:
lonlsts muy gain In parliament or country until Its math measures aro carried
ovor thov heads .of, tho lords.   .
'7As_b.ort.but interestln'g'session of the
municipal commission now .touring tlie
province and holding open meetings in
all'the' towns" and cities was" h'ejd' here'
last; Friday,, night. -Chairman7w.
Hir Keary, late..mayor ot. New -,\Vest-
mlpster;;H7A..MacLaren, K-.c;, of-jVic-'
toi-ia*; A.. B., Bull,, pf Vancouver) and
Janies Morton,-secretary'of -the- board,
also of. Vancouver,..were.ail present
and-' the. sitting jwas opened promptly
atWen-thirty o'clock 6 Owing to the
unavoidable, .absence of Mayor Bleasdell, and Acting-Mayor. Broley, ,the slt-
tlpg was "not as long as1'had been, expected, and but four, witnesses.were ex-^
amlned. ""-'w -'-«•;■. -yi-f7;, _. <
:Ctty. Clerk ,WilIis;Ross;.was, first- hi*-,
fore ,the board," and'.was "questioned
regarding _ the '"assessment,"-taxation,*
and'city' ownership of the water, and
light plants. , Mr. Rosb statedi that
the public ownership - of .public, utilities had been working to the satisfaction of the people of Fernie and the
city had been making a,'substantial
profit from" the operations- f6t •'these
plants."    , y,'''     ■]     i ■ ■:   >
.. > Control of Police' 'f ' '"' '  '">
1 H. W. Herchmer;' sworn, stated
that he thought' the city- police
should be brought more under control
of'the provincial government and the
expenses of. that department shared
by the province. He! cited the,late
strike, trouble. Mr. Hrchmer thought
too, thai' cities-should >• he granted
powers in accordance to population.
. This- brought^ oiil ,s'o/-ie'.-_discussion
fronf members of the' board • who
pointed' out that such' a.,step', would
meet' with strenuousopposition, no
municipality "'being' willing "to surrender any powers already enjoyed' under
the general act. - While'the act'gave
a wide scope bf.power, few towns exercised more than a small portion bf
them. As to the police, Mr. MacLehn
cited. Manitoba,' where the provincial
police consisted of three men,- one nt
Winnipeg, one at Brandon,', and-the
other ;at Portage la Prairie. t ,-ui
British Columbia the provincial force
was'' very much larger . and always^
gave1 material' aid to towns'-upon ui--
ere re- gent, call, as was done last 'year ' jn'
the Fernie strike trouble. ° In answer
to Chairman Keary, Mr. Herchmer
stated that- the'mayor was "to have
received,compensation until It was'discovered that lt was contrary to the act,
when the matter was, rectified. Mr.,
MacLean, referred to the trouble to' get
active business men to take pfflceiHn
_s_mall--miiiilclnalities_aa-ona_(-f--tl.<>-Hf>ri--
ous.drawbacks to the system of.government In use. ."; - '„'■_'• ;.,. '0 '-
"Aid. Brown nnd Mr."Moffat;-the Police Commissioners, also appeared be-,
fore the Commission "and expressed
their opinion that the present method
in vogue, regarding-police regulation
and arrangements, as entirely satisfactory. '
,the: isis.
--.,-?*-,'---.-
.' _,, •--:.-»/ -
■'X-ifvZ'i
-yThe'pat^
Wvspjend(d-evenings entcrta^ ,'>:;" (
night.,(Friday) ^ and ^Saturday.'; ;VThe _ ■-•■'.;;\ •'-'
programmeioaksrgdod,-,anct.is asYtol-' V■','£?' "-'
lows I'V'The'Mi.&.j'B'pa^ ->,: S: :['.
("His Other-.Self";(drama),' ','Hearls-aiid; y V '""
Memories''^ (drama),,;,The Priqe;'o£Si-\". 77-' .
Ience">.(comedy)/. "Tye^
Riding School Mas'te^;(co_nedy. i-i"3t.-''. 7 ^ 7^
P^rsburg/Rulsi^ '"'•"' ' "■•
v_af_-\- tlift   T«^.«'TlTj*V.V_._,''_.r_J_..l ^f *^»J*__s	
It Is reported liv tho dolly preSB thut
a trust lias monopoly on vice In New
York. Such a report ln tho dally press
Is not surprising news to men nnd women of observation;1 Intelligent men
and women know* that everything that
yields big dividends Is cornered^byVa
trust!'—Miners' Magazine.
* $10O Reward, $100.
niMadi.fi of thli paper will bt.pleaMd to lean
tint there li at l-f.it one Uf.»d«l dlwaie tbat Klenc*
lug been able to cure In all IU autei. and that U
Catarrh. Halll Catarrh CureV lh™ only rSJtivt
eure now knovm to-the medical fraternity.
h*l«»    m      HAHit   IdIiamiI      __!■_■ _■_.___.___.       ____.__...!___..__.    *
only poaltlve
Cfeurrli
belnf a conitltuuojal dlieaie, requires a conatltu-
tleoil treatment. Hall'a Catarrh ture la taken In-
ternelly, actln* dlreeUy upon the blood and muooui
■urfaeef of the ayatem, thereby deatroytni the
fuunditlon of the dlaeaae, and tlvlnf the patient
tituUoD end aMliit-
„-    ■•.-_■ .vi.T---.-    .In proprietor* tavs
jo much faith In III curative powon that tbey offer
ternelly, actln* dlreeUy upon Um blood and muoou*
tne   ayate -   '"    	
I the dlee,	
eueoath by bulldlm up tile conati.i
tof nature In dolnir lie wort,  The proprietor* have
•0 much faith In III curative powonthat tbey offer
One Hundred Dollar* for any eaaa tbat It fall* to
«u*  Beodforlletot te#U_eonl_uT
AddMW r, J. CHRNEY 4 CO., Toledo, 0
Hold by all Dntwlite, T5e.
Xau UaU'i Family mu for eooitlpatloo.
they, are going promise to'have it!cb.m7
pleted .arid _.iii'-»rder5ior^tie} 7th -Octo-7 7
ber.V An up-tof'date.stage is^i.'eing;,er-J;.
ected and thereT'wii^be dressing*rooms--,;
.for.the vaudeyiiie artistes.'.'More seats'.
will be fitted-'iip,.arid when everything!. 7
is completed there will^fie seating" ac- ..
comodatlon.for 400.people.  ; * -  -.'.;'    7
;-  ^7 - '  '   '"y-   -' ;"!i -, -.
. ;■' A .dispatch from - Seattle states that   -\
six members of'the Ministers union of *
Seattle walked In the\big Labor Day
parade; arid four other's rode in' auto-   ■ •
mobiles.'-'■> This was the first appear- ,,
ance of the clergymen's organization
in a labor parade.    The loeal Chauf-   r
feurs' union also made Ub first- appearance,, but the members all.rode Iri
rnotbi^cars.v R.'B.';Hesketh, president,
of tho;city council, malrehed with the-
C6bks''iiriion."' ,   "J '      '.
*'7s
■    SYNOPSIS OP COAt MIKING.
, ,, HI2GULATIONS
- C__P^L. K'J?tnpf" rlsh'ts:of'nhe' D0rritti-
7**lon, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the .Yukon Territory, the^Norih
..West Territories_and In a-portion, of -
the .Province of Brttt»h Columbia, may ""
be leased., for a terms ot'twenty-one'
years at aii-annual rental of ?i-an acre.'
■Not more-than 2,500 acres wll be teased
to one applicant. ■. -,. -       L -. . , ,
Application for a lease must'be made  •
by _ the. applicant   In - person   to   tho
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district in '.-
which the rights applied tor are sltuat-.
ed.   v     ■       '-,'■','■" *'     , •      , -   ' ■
' In surveyedterritory the' land' must be    -
described by sections, or legal subdivisions  of. sections,  and   In- unsurveyed
territory the' tract applied' for shall be -
staked, out,by the applicant himself.
fcach aplicattpn must be accompanied   .
by a fee of $5 which will bo refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise.     A royalty, shall- bo
paid on the merchantable output of tho '
mine at the rate of five cents per ton. •
■"The person operating tho mine1 shall    "'
furnish the Agent, with-sworn .returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay the roy-"
alty   thereon.  ,.. If.tho   coal. mining     ■
rights'.are,,not   being, operated,, such    -
returns  should   be  furnished   at  least
once-ia year. ,
The lease will Include the coal mlslng-,
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever avallablo    .
surface rights may be considered ne- "
cessary, for tl.e working of.the mine
at-the rate of $10.00 an acre.
u°?__ _.'u11'  Information     application,
should be made to tho Secretary,of tho -
Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent.of Domln- <-,
Ion Lands.   • v ■ ■    .     - -   -    =
-■ -   - • W. W. Cory.  ", '   „   "
■   Deputy Minister of the, Interior.. "
^.u^unautnorized-punllcatloirortl.l_r
advertisement will not be Daid for.-    .
JOHN  BARBER, D.D.8., LD8.,
DENTI8T
Offlco: HrtTaersonBlpck, Fernio, B.C.
'7 Hours:* 8.30 to 1; 2 to 5.
. Residence: 21. Victoria Avenua.   -
ECKSTEIN & MacNEIL
Barristers A Solicitors. Notaries,' Ac.
Offices: Eoksteln Building,
Fernie, B.C. ,-
P. C. Lawo .        7    Alex. I. Fisher
LAW £ A FISHER
ATTORNEYS
\   ,
Fertile, B. C,
L   H.   PUTNAM
Barrister, Solloltor, NoUry Publlo, ete.
BLAIRMORE, ALTA.
Fernie to . .
Los Angeles
AND RETURN
$64.30
ON SALE SEPT. 4th, 5th and 8th
Good tot Sixty Days
FIRST CLASS EQUIPMENT THROUGHOUT
J. S, Thompson, Agt
P.O. Box 305.   Tel, 161
The Maple
ICE CREAM AND
CONFECTIONERY
PARLOR
Coleman, Alta.
i y ' '
1AMW
Central location, close to
Football grounds and
Tennis Court
When in Coleman give us
a call
Good assortment of candies
and fancy boxes
ICE CREAM
SOFT DRINKS
m
Shoot i ng Season Starts Se pt. 2 |
ARE
YOU
READY
Como in and seo our lino of .. ,! ■
Guns, Rifles, Ammunition
J. D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture V
30 WINCHESTER \
■.Of-T t'Olh'T
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THE. DISTRICT.LEDGER, FERNIE,f B. C., SEPTEiMBER 21, 1912,
PAGE PIV»a
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CORBIN
NOTES
BV -
^■^♦>*.*
-••#•♦♦■♦■-♦.♦■♦
';-' Mrs. H.H.. Allan,Jrom Medicine Hat,"
-is^vislting' Corbin "for V few: daysmen
;,    - -    -_       ■'» " .^.' •'" '•-'■' . -       -    - "'■ .
business.*. 5 She "lsr looking - well.5 '•,  .- •
-'   'We hear of Mrs. T. Brace.leaving
_ /.Corbin,'to" join -her- husband at Fort
•'.William, -. We.wish them.both good
., - luck, -w ,> -.,  I; -. , ,- ,-;-," "',_ ".;",,..., ,-"'
•  'r Mr'.. Johnny 'Redhead- was a Fernie
'■   visitor.this week. '   ■-.;  -v -;*7.'    -
,  '' ' Mrs. James Mill arid family:is.away
■ to Spokane ."for a few days-holiday. ;
Mrs J Coriicks and baby are" at Fernie
this .week," as'are'Mrs. Turnbull and
;' baby, for a few Jays.-
■;   Mrs.'George McLennan is doing busl-'
hess/at Fernie' this week. ■
We hear of our butcher going ou.
<■ '.this week.'.   If all: be true he'will
bringVpartner back with him.' Good
luck" tb you, old boy.7 7       '.     ",
Mr.'Mackey is'back.at work,again
' after'his <few days' outing at Frank. 7
';■ Mr and Mrs; Fry^ have removed from
here tip to  the BigV'Showing for a
■   while.      "77,"'        --'- '
, .Mrs. Fred Allan'is back from Fernie
.. ■ again, after'being there with her par-
7 ents for^'a few .'days. ■'  '-.'.,       ,'"■•,-.
- ,   Mr. Fred Allan" also' Mal. Allan,' were
7' visiting' Fernie.   ',   -
7"i   Mr. Roberts was visiting here from
. Spokane on business in regards to the
' new "railroad.  '  - .;_■    ■-      yy'
■'" Quite a number of men came ln last
<■  TOek to work on- the. new railroad,
and they report this quite a" place.
We hear Mr.'Bvan Williams is buying 'out Mr.- Richard .Garbett •   .
,,'  Mrs; R. Garbett intends leaving Corbin for a trip to the old country soon
and we wish her a good voyage.
' Dan Hall left here to work'at Michel
again. ' No place like nome, Dan.     ..
.77 There,seems to lie lots'of money in
.,.'  Corbin.     ,. >    . '■*"    •- '     ' ''-■-   < '
,"■    There was a christening up here on
. ', Sunday "of Mr and Mrs; Jurlck's baby.
;   They all seenied. to have had a good
,;tlme. * ■ ,
7.1   , 'v      " ■ -. • D'ed '        \ ,    .   ''
'/ '.'■ DALLING.—On"; September    12- "at
j CQrbln, Agnes Wright Dalling, aged 5
montlisand 10 .days, daughter of Mr,
• ^and Mrs. M. Daillng.     '-^    y[y '.
Wat com-
spending.7tlie.week end, and returned
home,by Sunday .night's local.' '•,'-,'
.7Mr". Robert Cummings, of the'Hillcrest ."'station staff, Is, spending a'.few
days'in'Ferhle, and he will.be returning 6n":Sunday .'night. 7"''' y;- .' - -,.
'^Miss Mary Beasley was'visiting >n
Blairmore' on Saturday .night. '• '^
7. Quite, a number,.of tlie fire •'bosses
at .the Bellevue Mines'.were away this
week for the examination; at Frank for
pit boss' and some' of tliem for supers.
WeS$sh' them all success,'!    ,7 .". ,._
The stork visited, the home, of Dr.
and Mrs. McKenzie," on Thursday, and
left a daughter.77Mother.and child
doing well. *   ; . "
Mr. A. J. Blals was a business visitor Jn Bellevue on Monday.
Mr. William Miller,'father of Walter
Miller, arrived in Bellevue on Wednesday last. ' Mr. Miller is on a, trip to
Western Canada., and- comes ifrom
South Ashton, Yorkshire,^ England.
We all hope the trip will do^hini good.
Mr. George Turner.'of Cfarrard, B.C.,
is visiting in Bellevue, the guest of his
brother,' Mr.' James Turner.,, Mr.
Turner intends staying a week or .'two.
f Mr. Stephen- Humble is building a
warehouse on tlie lot next'tevhis hardware store; '.Business is veryibrlsk
with.him. 7   7 ' "       .   ■ -
.. Tom Bennett; who has bee'n^away,
for some' time, returned "home on
Monday night's,local:'-- o    •
, The"'Rev. W.' Irwin leaves Monday
morning for Edmonton to 'interview
the-Minister- of-.Education Concerning
the" school .proposition * at - Bellevue.
There are only two small rooms in
Bellevue Scfiool for the different grades, and only 90 children can find accomodation1, and there is 150, according to the census taken on Thursday,
who should attend.- A"four-roomed
school is necessary, but;there is some
trouble from a financial.standpoint,and
they are being bucked from, some "unknown'quarter.
_.' __. '       ^   ^   7   .___.'■.£_   ^.   ^ ' ^ "___.   ___.
llard, "
Tiafd"^wa_r fhe; blow
.,,   :    pelled us to^part    y
From a loved one so near and so.dear
-    to. our heart,"      ...       :
Dut the love that, we bore her will
dwell In our breast, -'■•".
Till,jve,meet,her again In the realms
'    -'^  of'the blest. -'    ,-
I    ■-
BELLEVUE NOTE8
Frod Padgett' and Arnold,'Varloy
'were.away visiting at Passburg on
1 Monday laBt.   \    ,       .    '    >■•
Tlio Rev, W.Irwlri was visiting in
Dlalrmore on Tuesday night
' Mr. D. J. Keith, pit boss.at tho Loth-
hrldge Colliery Co.'s mines at Klpp,
■was visiting in town on Tuesday, the
Sliest of Mr. James Marshall,
v  Mr. John A. Macdonaid was a visitor In town on Thursday on business,
Comrade &• M. O'Brlon, Is In town
oix business.
. 'There Is to be a concert'ln aid ot the'
Southern Alberta League at1 tho Mln<
"ore' Hall, Hllcrcst, when1 the. Burns'
Cup and medals are to be proaontod to
•tho winners,    James Noes, of Belle-
* vuo Is, ono bf the lucky ones to- rocelve
" ai medal.       "'   ■
In the Socialist Hall, Thursday:
night, the Majestic, Opora Co, was to
have glvon a concert,'but aa tlio audi*
onco wob'small owing to un hnvlng
lxjbh stung no often 'by some of tho
<ompnnles that como . to- - town, the
manager docldod not to put on his
•.how, Thoro was to bo a danco aftor,
nnd that was alBO called off.
Mr, Dob Dickon arrived' In town a
low days ago and has takon a position
• ai. machinist at tho Bollovuo Mine,
His many friends aro glad tb soq hln
j.itil)lnff face again,    .
ISdwnrd Atkinson was In Fornlo
aill smiles,
Mr, Charlie Hnrvoy' arrived In camp
Tocointly from Sprlnnrhlll, N. S., and has
ntnrtod (0 work at, llollovuo No, 1,
' Mr nnd Mrs, Samuel Tumor and
frtmlly arrived In camp from Spring
hill,  N.8.,, and, nro living wltb Mr.
And Mrs, William Mnddlson at prosont,
.    Pay dny at tho llollovuo Mlnos did
iibl como as wns expected on Friday)'
nnd has caused a lot of "disappoint-
ment,
Tho Ilov, W. Irwln preached on 8iih<
,   day upon    tho    subject "Doos Gofl
l.xiftt."<   It was slated Inst Sundny
•ovenlng that if God Is not a factor of'
consoiouanofls Hla o-dstoiici. could not
tin proven by any systom of prayer or
Wc,    Mr, Irwln  did try to provo
tliat God wai a factor of consciousness
nnd could be known as an actual
,'raiillty. '.X    '
Poto Corolla, wbb loft horo. somo,
tlmo ano to work at IJankhoad, re-
tit rond tb enm^p on Saturday. lie aays
/thoro Is no placo llko bome
', Man Huby Irwln wan a vlslto. In
Iilalrmore on Saturday night on business and returned homo on tho local at
Mghl. — ;; '".'._.
iA Miss Rodgera, of tbo teachln.. ataff,
pf'the nellevno. School, .who haa been
♦ HOSMER NOTES'        '    ♦
A,   * Cr f- ^^
♦ ♦ ♦•♦ ♦ ♦-^ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ "O"
On Monday- evening last a complimentary 'social was held ,'and 'a. purse
of money i.resented to the Rev. B'ryce
Wallace, pastor of _;the Presbyterian
ChurcIron^th^oTcasioh^ofTnirreavinl"
Hosmer to enter, college "at Vancouver." The following programme-was
rendered before a.large nnd appreciative audience,- Mr. Jay acting as,chairman: '. Song, "Loch Lomond," Elsie
Robson; reading, Mrs." D.,G. Wilson;
song, "The Deathless Army," Mr.'Alexander; duet, "List "to -the Convent
Bells," Mrs. Anderson and-M.ss Rankin'; 'song, "Somewhere," Mr. T. Mc-
Kee; encore, "Down'by the Old Mill
Stream"; reading, Miss Kelly; son,
"The Dear Old Home Song's," Miss
White; song (in native tongue), Mr.
Gnbara; reading,'' Mr. Jay; song, "In
Friendship's Name," Mrs, Anderson;'
presentation of purse and address .by
MiBB Kelly. Rev. F. L. Rice and Mr,
J, Brownrigg gave short address eulogizing the character and,services of
Mr. Wallace during.his pastorate to his
church and tho town generally. n Mrs,
Brownrigg and Mr, W. Downie actod as
accompanist,.
COLEMAN.NOTES y. ■  ♦
•-',.'  -• -:.<-.■ -'_- ♦
♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»»
1        f~i     + t ^i ' «,
Mr. Robert Holmes hsa'gone on a
visit to the Arrow Lakes,>B. C.'for a
few days.  ,, 7   - s"      ',*.-•-;. - ~; ■' - -..'
•i \f    7 '   *■*
Mr. H. G. Goodeve, hardware merchant and plumber; has secured the contract to ,install the. steam' heat in the
new. Cosmopolitan Hotel, at'Blairmore
and also-for the .new school building
here, ■„     -. y      .   -,-'' ' ',-"   ,
The Lilliputian Opera ■ Company
which played. here on. the 13th and
14tl_; gave a good performance on'botn
nights, presenting "Billy Taylor" and
"San Toy'! with some excellent vocal
music. . "For children they are hard
to beat. ( '-", ' v ■" ■' y'
^/'Saturday .was pay day -here ."and
everything was pretty lively. *
; The lawn tennls„club intends giving
their annual ball in the near future
and a good.time can be, expected byall
who will have the pleasure of attending it. ■ y.    y  ,
Sam Hadfield-had the misfortune to
sprain his ankle while at his work on
Saturday. -,. .'■■ ' • ,> ." n ■ -",-'
■ Miss Home, of the school'teaching
staff, ,is, leaving here and. Miss. Cam--
eron of St; John,- N.1 B.,, Is taking her
place.       -  - • -. y"- ' ';       :   ' .
The'Rev.; Mr. Murray is expected to
return here on Friday from his trip to
Scotland." ','.''
', The Rev. Mr. Bompas preached his
farewell, sermon on Sunday evening,
after which>he' took the 9 o'clock train
for his home ^""Saskatchewan. His
many friends' escorted him to the depot to see him off anil twish" him good
luck.   .        "       -;
The McGillvary,[Creek Mine at Cai;-
bondale , was.'idle Wednesday and
Thursday,,on account of the accident
which occurred.   ■'-.,'
CarbondaleLocal held a meeting on
Thursday night to m'ake arrangements
for the .funeral of our late brother,
Emile Gengembre.'
Mr. Harry Paul, of Springhill, N. S.,'
was a,.visitor in'town the first part of
the wee_c,"eu route.to-Medicine,Hat,
where he will take'up his duties with
the C. P:.-R.   .7 'y     ■'    "7
The daughters- of Rebekah Lodge
held Hhe!^8ixJ.y^first_anniyjrsMx7en,
Thursday night by giving an invitation
supper and dance, and also music and
singing. Ah enjoyable time was spent
by all who had the pleasure of attending. "' •■*
, ,,«■,
♦ ♦♦.♦♦ '♦"♦ ♦♦'♦'♦♦♦
♦ ' ..      ,     ♦
♦ DIAMOND. CITY ♦
A few of the local engineers were
at Fernio last week trying for advanced certificates and proved successful,
Somo of the local football enthusiasts'who wore at the-game ln Fornlo
and bapponod to bo in a hurry homo,
Jumped Into what thoy" thought was
the fastest rig, but thoy little dronmod
what was In store for thorn, for before
thoy got very far' on tho way thoy got
dumped on tho rond and lost all kinds
of stuff. A floarob party1 wont out
on Sunday aiid found most of tho stuff,
Novor np moro,
. Mr. Joo.McI.oan arrived horo last
wook on a visit to his sister, Mrs, A.
Mlllor, provlous to bor departure to
lho old country.
John Bamllng, late pit boBs at
Chinook Coal Co. hns been appointed
to his old job, pit boss.at the Diamond
City Coal Mines, and he wishes to have
some good minors at the Diamond City
mines, '
Mr. W. L. Hardle, late superintendent,
is now done with the Diamond Coal
Co., and he ls now taking a rest after
several years' hard work. Mr. T. Underwood, managing director, will take
the, full management in his own bands
and will spend tjio roost of his time at
tho Diamond City Coal Mines,
HILL'CREST NOTES
Mr. Charlie Schreider, who has been
prospecting for, the' Head, Syndicate;
North of Blairmore, arrived' back in
camp last week.'," Histoid pals were
pleased to see him and had a good time
together. He^ said he, was going tb
visit Burmis.     •',,. '. *-'.'"
Mr and Mrs; Jno. Taylor and family
made a flying, trip, to Blairmore last
Saturday with the carriage and pair of
three-year-olds, and the way they went
was not slow.    l 7
There are quite a number of miners
coming back to camp'from Bellevue. It
is not as "good as it is cracked up to be.
They can't get tlielr money when they
have worked for it-
.,       . ,.
♦ ♦'♦ ♦'♦'♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ '    -' ,♦
♦ '       TABER NOTES -     , .   ♦
♦ ,..   , ? ♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦,♦♦♦♦*
Taber is geting ready for Its annaul
fair. Fine new, buildings have been
erected on the exhibition grounds for
housing the exhibits. Twenty-five
handsome silver cups have been donated, by various business men- for the
best exhibits"1 of agricultural products
and live stock. -' The cups can be seen
in the. window of, Wright's Jewelry
Store. ' , ,   '
Threshing is in full swing in this district. About all the machines started
up the last few days and the farmers
are busy hauling grain.' A , heavy
frost on Saturday -night did considerable damage to grain that was not
ripe. .     ,   ,'"■       ■
A new gas traction engine has arrived in'Taber and is being.dembnstrated.
If it proves a success local men' are
endeavoring to have? it manufactured
here. '*
The mines are "running every day
and a fair' tonnage is" being produced.
Quite1 a-little excitement was creat-
ed'in the Taber'Hotel a few'days ago.
A row- started between a driver, of a
deliveryU-ig, and some foreigners, and
it was claimed that-one drew, a knife.
The three foreigners were arrestd and
were fined ten dollars each, and the
other got 30 days.in Lethbridge,gaol.
■The. man,' who started the fight got
clear.    \     .    y  • "        ,    y
. Taber - real estate is being boomed
pretty hard just now. The .Larseri.
n.nch, south' pf the town, has r been
sold and it is claimed that the purchaser is R. B..,Bennett* of Calgary. As
Bennett is a C.'P. R. man and as they
have decided, to build'a round house
here,- It, seems that-the .C.P. R. have
some further plans for the town." The
Hull ranch has also been sold for ten
thousand dollars. The second day
after the sale .was made another"man
offered Hull twelve thousand for It,
but some other person will get'thai,
and not the farmer. There.ls already
enough land ln the town' limits for a
population of eight or ten thousand.
*♦♦♦♦♦ *'« +'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ y*
♦ BLAIRMORE NOTES ♦
♦ ' ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ Mr, Thomas Graham and Inapootor
U'Dlliims woro horo last weok on thoir
mining duties,
Tbo kids "shlvorod" on Wodnoaday I
Whnt. is this*wo boar nbout tho Flying Snowball? It loft Illllcreat at 7,30
In tbo evening, going East, and aftor
circling tho earth roturnod homo' nt 4
o'clock tbo following morning and was
rocolvod with sympathy by Its mast or
in bis nighty, Frank took tho can off
nnd nil Is as It was,
George Poundor and J, Harbor sat
on tho 10th of tho month for second
class certificates ln Alborta, Wo wish
thorn ovory success.       )
W. Mocrny hnB resigned bis position
na a minor nnd has tnkon on now dut-
Iob ns a blacksmith helper. .,
M. Wall lias I'OHlgnod bis position na
jwnj' for thc past wcclf or ao, returned
this wwk and started on her duties
Inst nnd not flvo dollars for tholr tron-
hio. Of oourco ho <vav n ttrnngor to tho
town and thoy cof'dn't oxpoot nny-
tbtng.    Long llfo and happiness.
71, Reld was back In town last wook,
Tho   football   tonm   Journeyed   to
Fornlo and plnyod Conl Crook In tho
final of tho Mutz Cup.    They plnyod
a good game but both trains failed to
score,    Tboy play again on Saturday.
Conl Crook, got qulto   a   surprise,
Tbat amolcor will bavo to bo postponed
for another wook.
Mr find'Mra. TInrrv Tlrnwn loft fnr
a two week's vacation nt tho const.
Donald Hrownrlgg la fiilfilJIng hla duties na tlmokooper. -
. Mr and Mra. David Stone loft for
tholr bomo In Rapid City on Wodnos-
day evening.
Mr, Wallace, Into Presbyterian paa-
tor horo, loft for tbo coast on Wod.
nosday morning,
flam tins roturnod from hla bunting
trip to tho Flathead and roportod good
grouao shooting. Uo baa takon up
hla duties agdtn,
'The loca)a doaorvo good support, ao
follow tbtiii. up and go lo Kernlo on
Saturday., Tho following team will
represent Hosmer on Saturday: W.
Ualdoratono.'.IB. Partridge .and Ward-
ropo;J nice, MeQuefcr antf,White; \V*.
Downlo, D, Thornton, Anotlmr, Uuino
aud T. Iltttcliluso... /The .wiia kasw
tho ilvory barn at 2.15 prompt,'
n minor, bis duties,, now bolng a lumbor mnn. When imkod why ho gnvo
up mining ho gnvn the oxplunntlon
that ba loved to havo nn luo In hla
band—there Is moro In wood chopping
than mining.
O M O'nrlon. M.P.P. for this division
of Alhortn, gnvo nu nddross to a lnrgo
uudloiico In front of tho Union Hotol
on Frldny night, nnd mso bold n mooting on Sundny night In tlio'lJnlon Hnll,
whoro bo mndo n mngnlflodint Bpoooh
on Capitalism, and tbo Whltl. Slnvoa,
Tff n1«n wi-rtf fllv.nn.. nww nn«n!c Join
tho Socialist Gland.
tlmo of It ln the form of a dance,
Hotel hoopers, if you want to run
your business on n paying hnsls you
want to cut thorn Ideas out—bolng so
hoggish; your ciistomprs won't Btnnrt
for It.    Tboy will lio getting up smok-1
Rev. Edward Chambers, of Winnipeg,
was in town last week. Mr, Chambers, a few years ago, spent somo timo
In Aubtrlii and Poland, whore ho acquired several languages, and the different nationalises here wore delight-
d to speak with him. ■
Charlie Mothyl has moved his family
into tho building formerly used as a
customs office,
Miss McColu, tho new school toucher, has arrived and started work, .
.-'Mrs, Pinknoy nnd Mrs,-,Gresham, of
-Dlolrmoro, woro In town, on Monday
trying to soil tickets for a concert to
bo bold In Opora Houso undor tho aua-
plcos of tho Baptist Church.
Wo also bad a visit-from two Bollovuo ladios, who wero on a llko mission,
for a Dollovnue concert, "which Is to
bo bold In aid of tho gywniiBlura building.
Mrs Hilton nnd family roturnod from
England last week, whoro sho hns
hoon vlRllIng linr parents for somo
months.
Tlio BnpllHt Church of Ulnlrmoro
gnvo n reception for tho school teachers of both Frank nnd tholr own llttlo
town Inst Friday night. Tho touching
stnff of our city wero represented by
tho principal, Mr, II. D, McKay und
MIhh Cl. McColm.
Tho gnng of men who have boon employed horo for somo tlmo building a
C, P, H. brldgo, nro now at work in
tho slide getting out rook which In
bolng shipped olsowbore.
Jnmos Kennedy quit work In tho
mlnnn on jvw dny nrul in no"' pn'^lilr.g
up IiIh trunk to strtrt for flroMnml,
whoro he Ih going to mnko a hurried
"buslnoBB" cnll.
Tlio Conl Company connected tho
oloctrlc light with tholr notv shaft tbla
ww.:.
At last tlio town litis doflnitoly dccld
A well attended meeting of the Conservative Association was held on Mon-
clay.even.ing, Mr. J. L. Parker presided.
.. Business of an important nature was
discussed. The "lime, honored topic,
of the construction of the bridge pve-
the, river, at Burmis was-referred to,
and it was stated with authority, that
the material for the same was due to
arrive ln the near future. "Recommendations were mado for adjustments
in the local postal-service, and in connection with parly affairs a resolution
wbb passed, and a committee-appoint"
ed. to recommend to the'authorities'
suitable parties for the occupying of
any> local government positions, which
at any time might require filling.' '
, The C. P. R. have'a steam shovel and'
a-gang of men at work East of, the
Burmis Depot loading gravel which
they are'using.to gra'de the road with
between Cowley, and Pincher Creek.
The first car of electrical machinery'
arrived this week from the Canadian'
General' Electric Company,, of Peter-
boro, Ont., for tlie Davenport Coal.Co,
and contained motors generator and
other electrical equipment. Mr.- Hi
T. 'Lloyd^ of Frank, received the contract this week,, for the erection of
same.
W. Scott gave a -little tete-a-tete to
some of his friends last Sunday, and
the ices especially were very much appreciated.
. House hunting Is becoming quite infectious these days. We understand
that'several parties are contemplating
joining the ranks of the benedicts in
the near future1.", „ .
Mr. Sam Fisher; who was recently
fire boss at the'new Prospect .Mine'at
Bellevue has taken up a similar position ■ with the Davenport Coal Company. •   ■
Mr. P. Corrigan, of Beaver..Creek,
was a Burmis visitor this week.
" Mr. C. M." O'Brien, M.P.P. for this
riding.rwas a visitor.to town on Wednesday, and is billed to give a lecture
on Sunday   ' -__.."  y,     '
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦•»«>♦♦♦»»
♦- '• ' ■"' *-•••      -    *L
♦—^T-^eOAtrCREEK      : *♦
♦•»   -      , <».
> ♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■»» ♦
■ Saturday last being pay day quite a
large number of Creekites journeyed to
Fernie. .One of "the great attractions
was the final tie for the Mutz Cup,
Coal Creek vs.;, Hosmer. Although
Coal Creek had the best of the p!"}'
they had "to be satisfied with a draw.
Belter luck next time, boys.
Tom Fearneaux, of Vancouver, r.ud
Philip La'Fervero are the two new
men employed at Trites Woods up horo
on the grocery and dry goods side respectively.
Miss B, Cochran'}, of Calgary, Is
spending a fow weeks up here on a
vncntlon., Sho ls tho guest of Mr nnd
Mrs Chris Wright, of Morrlssey Villa.
ClnssoB for instruction in first' all
are being held here every Frldny oven- •
lng Iii the Club Hall, under the tuition
of Dr. Bonnell, of Fernie. Tho Company have arranged for n suitable
train sorvlco, to enable Fornlo residents to avail themselves of tho clnss-
es. Thero are alrondy 10 namcB on-
rolled which argues well for tho future.
Now, boys, rally round; we are nono
of us too old to lenrn something ln this
work. Socretnry Dudloy Michell will
be plonsod to enroll you, Train loaves
Fflrnlov7,ir> p.m., returns fl.15 p.m.
Teddy, tho old Topnotchor, Is back
ngnln in camp, nnd Ib working at No. 1
ISast Mine. Say, Toddy, who Is tbo
girl you Intond running off witb whon
you hnvo mndo your sinkc? Kcop on
the waggon, old boy.
Tho midnight Hhlft wns idlo on Sun-
dny'nlght, owing to n breakdown In Iho
compressor plant, Tlio machinist got
fixed up for Monday morning.
A big ot.vo-ln took plnco In No, 1
North Mlno on Monday forenoon,
which lnld tho mlno off till Thursday
afternoon, Homo of thommi got places
In othor mlnoa,
A lottor hns been rocolvod from Mra.
Sarah Wattleworth, widow of the late
Isaac Wattleworth, who was run down
by the "engine at Coal Creek, on April
13th, expressing her heartielt thanks
to all who assisted anyway at the-
cert arranged for the benefit of herself
and four children,, at which the sum of
§237 was netted. ' Coming as it did ai
the time of dire need, words fail to express her. thanks adequately. »
Mrs. Albert Pierpolnt was visiting
Mrs. D. F. Markland on Monday.
Paddy Egan arrived back from the
coast on" Sunday night.■ Coal. Creek
looks good to Paddy. •    ;      -,'•''"
Bert Booth arrived back after spending his holidays in England. We shall
soon see him handling the coal team
probably. -
Tho stork'visited.Coyote Street on
September i-lth, leaving another son
to Mr and'MrB. JameB Ireland. Both,
doing'well. ;Keep smiling, Jimmy, and
then some.., >    " 5       ,   .
•» The carpenters1 are busy on the club
extension. _ The foundation is laid, but
they will have .'to hustle, to get through'
before the,bad,weather comes.
. Miss Susie Stevens, just recently, arrived from1 Lancashire, England, .was 7
visiting friends up here on AVednesday.
My w6rd, Susie, we caught you smiling,
all right.        "       -'•, - 7'7
A large number of people attended
the conversazione held iii-the Metho-'
dist'Church ,on AVednesday evening.
Singing and games, with refreshments, '
constituted a pleasant evening. The'
committee are to be congratulated for
these are things the camp needs more
of. ' i.   -,       „ o   , * ...
,, A number of, the local Conservatives
journeyed to town (0 meet tlie Hon.
W. R. Ross, on Tuesday. We wonder
why Jack and George could not make
their work the day after; given, too
much medicine don't do boys.
Welsh Camp- took on a 'festive appearance on Monday when Nick Scriplo
brought home his blushing bride, who
is only just out from the old country.
Everything, to,appease the pangs of
thirst was' provided,;, and a good time
in general was'afforded.all in the camp
\_. , (Continued on page.8)y      ' ,
Don't forget to try Easton s
. "When-you want
ICE CKEAM, ICE CREAM, SODAS & SUNDAES
.PORK AND "BEAN SUPPERS"       '   '
." ' FISH AND CHIP.7P0TAT0ES SUPPERS   .
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
T.M.BURNETT
Dealer In '
Dry Goods,    Boots & Shoes
'Men's Furnishings      %
Groceries   Fruits,Flour  &   Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods   at Xowest   Prices
Hillcrest
Alta.
.We have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and" Furniture Stock
in tho Pass.    Everything in
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating,     Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7     FRANK, Alta.    p.o, Box 90
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
• Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G, A. CLAIR :-; Proprietor
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries, Dry Goods, and General Merchandise
era and that wlll,,»poll ybur trado. A
llttlo tulvlco U good aomo timet, you
want to tnl.0 a tumble to yoursoK nnd
to it iport.
It novor hallo but It.ahbwora, nnd It
would be .Hitter if tuill would knop
nway and lot Adam got on with hi*
uurpuitlry work. , Ho wanti hln houoo
(Inlihod oa quickly aa possible to koop
tho hall out. Ha)*! .tale! tho gang's
all horo.
Lord Dudloy la a froquont vlnllor to
rainl-urg amongat hit ftlenda. Tho
uoxt CUtus. hu will loUklnn in U mmrl-
mony, , ,   ,. ,7
od tl) movo, nnd nlrondy ono contractor
Ih at work ninlclng a road to movo tho
Iioubc'H uloiiK. In anothor wook ovory-
thing will bo moving toward tho now
towuulto, and wo hopo, whon wo roach
thoro wo will forover )hi out of tho rond
of Turtla Mountain,
Tho election oi socrotary for tho
Local Union took placo laat Sunday at
tho regular meeting. Tho vacancy w^a
emitted by tho realgnutlon of J, Kon<
nody, who Joavca for a holiday, Tho
first voto waa a tlo between Evan Mor*
tun aud Sum Pi.Ub.-i tho twiconrt vol*,
eloctod Morgan by a majority of tw6,
The People's Store
Owned bv
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
ii
of the People
Wo invito tho inspection of the
public to our ntock which is absolutely
fresh and choice in .ovory particular.
ii
Wo have,ono of tlio finest stores
iu tho Pass,
We are in every way suited to
supply the public with quality goods
at living prices. Could you expect
more
9
Ufa*
:'  li •yv"
-7- :.,\« yy.y   y,y %/"'     V*'" " X  . /' 7 , _ - 'y^''' "" 'S
.,p«
.'• ;■ "r ; .-J "7'-;  i.   „ *
■"! ry.i" ■'.•??-<■>* -
ryi^y-
.i.yS7".ysi yy. yyy: yyyy • 7y"y
:, 7'*~~li''frrfS*m
■yry? **.-? yv ~-?y- y '. -,•-
&$$^®&''%$^%^~r-}y^:-
';•.-• :h   --.' "yfz-yyrr&i'yy'.
PAGE SIX
-  V
,-, '•''■ 7"
'AV"
THE: DISTRICT^ LEDGER/ PERmE; B. "C-i SEPT3_^ER 21,1912.
a- -v.
r,-'^ s."^,^ *
Tha Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
,;. •       -\yh61esale;:l)ealersjn' . .^7- y   .
Wines, Liquors and
CIGARS
; FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK
Phone 83, Frank, Alta!
"< _ (* , »       _ - ,
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
^V'-.i 1
c
CLUB
*/
Cigar Store
_     '0               s
W. A. INGRAM,
IX             "
*• 7,   -   °   *.
Wholesale and Retail
.J                   '                                             ''
*          (1
Tobacconist
ii i    i'
C
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine"
i
Billiards^ and Pool  ,
Coffee and Sandwich
,   Counter
lTJ'*<^       •     - -.
Hazelwood Buttermilk
■ - '                    c                       Q.      ,           -
u                                               '
S_
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.    . Phone 34
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found In, such a display of
Meats
■ We. have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mut-
ton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard,' Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.     .
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co,
Phone 56 ^
Livery, Feed'
and Sale Stables
■ _
First class Horsei, for Sale. §
'    "    , 5
BuyB Horses' on Commlslon fr
 .''•,,■ 1
George Barton    Phone 78
THE PREMIER
FURNISHED
Every convenience and comfort, Jutt
like being at home.   One, block
from Post Office. /t Centr-
ally located
H. A, WILKE8,  -   Proprietor
PELLAT AVE.  ....     FERNIE.
A Flash of
Lightning
nIs  Just  as  likely  to  strlko
•■   the 'house  of the  uninsured
man as that of his more prudent neighbor.     No building
'■' is Immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
■ you and have n lightning
clause attached to the policy.
Then you needn't worry every
tlmo thero is a thunderstorm,
M. A, KASTNER
Solo Agent for Fernie
ASSAYER
IS.   W.   WIDDOWSON, Assayor and
Chemist, Dox C 1108, NolBon,    B. ' 0.
Ohargos:—qpld, Sllvor, Load or Conpor,
U.60.     Prloos for othor metals: Coal
oement. Kirpolay analyHos on appiloa-
ili°Ti.i.ir.h"«,,l|,|lte1_!if °u»l<>n> assay office
In Drltiih Columbia.
VARICOSE VEINS CURED
WT NO NAMES USED WITHOUT WRITTEN CONSENT.
Confined to His Home for Weeks.
(}
''nrnvy work, norm ilrnlnlnir anil nvll liM.lt* In youth brought on
ysrloiiM) Julus. Wieii I wurbo,. liant llio iiolilna woulil iSwome
fiivuro/.ml I was often InM up fur a wool, nt a .firm, My family
iiliyilult.nt^MmaBnpparatioii wwi my only hono-fctit I (irMidml It.
ltrktlkuvuraUiioolnllmii, mt soon found out nlihAvw
money, I ownunimowl to lo.,lc (itionol doctors as llttlo lictuir tlmn
jomif«., Oho day my bow uxkai) bo why 1 v.as oif work so muoh and
! told lilmmyoSndrion. HeadvlMmato catm'.tln. Konnqilyft
Kraiwdy.ailiehjvltnban tiwatmimt tnm\ thera hlmnelf and ktfew
thny worp »jiuiro and rtlllful. ,1 wroto tlmm and cot Tni Niw
MBTrtnnTnKATjfEMr, My prorreMwa* wmowlwt (low and durlnn
the Unit montirs trootrnonti I ww lomovrliat dlncouragcd, Jlowo»«r!
l«ontlniieiltr.ntm«nt for threo monthi longer and wnn r»w»rd.d
witlianomplfteouro, J could only Mm »1. a week In a maolilne
»hon wforo treatment, now i nm farnln/r >81 nnd nover looso a day.
Iwiihalliiiitoronilmawof yourvalualift treatmrnt, v
UENllV 0. LOCUST.
HA8 YOUR BLOOD BEEN DI8EA8ED1
DEADER ifflWM^ Wssr^W &&&s^^j&
Drs.KEHNEDY&KENNEDY
Cop. Mlchl^m Avt. and Griswotd SL, Detroit, Mich.
________H___t»B_.flTI_ft V*     M\ klten from Ctoed* tutu. betddreiMd
^tW   iitg ■■**■_»     (o our Canadian Comipondinee DeMrt*
^    mmmmmmmmm   wettln Wlodjor, Oat If y«i dt.ire to
••• tn Vtrtontlly nil tl ear IttAlM Zaetltate In Detroit u we Me and treat
M MtUftte ia our Windier officte whkb tre fer Oerretpondene* nml
Ulxnioty bt Cuudlea boitatM only. AddreN all Irtim u foUowt
DM. KUWDY A KDWB>r, Wb_L«v OM.
'Those who journeyed to Shelf Mound
Park on Monday last to listen to the
man who haB devoted his life to fighting for those' of,whom Abraham Lincoln said, !'God must have loved because He made so maiiy of them,"
will never have cause to. regret the
time thus expended. .,"-■■' ,■'-«.
"I have < been through many dark
days, in the past year," he said, "but
thls reception makes it almost worth
while. I have followed to the best of
my aibility what I believed to be any
plain duty ln a very serious and trying
time. But it is gratifying to know
that there are thousands of those for
whom you care the most who do ap-,
predate what you have done'and who
do have faith in you whatever over^
comes you.     ■    .        .      '•
."This1 is the flrat time in my life
said Darrow, "that I have ever partlcU
pa ted in a .parade. I . never cared
much for them. . It makes me tired to'
walk in the dust and I nover liked to
ride when the rest are walking.-
"Neither do I care especially to see
the long lines of people, marching
through the streets representing a
cause—and representing It , more or
lt>r.$ aimlessly, as our parades.do., ,'
7 "There were a great many, men in
this "parade who fancied they .knew
why they were marching; and a great
many other's who only felt why they
were _marching; and man, no doubt,
who thought marching was all there
was to It. '
' "One of the troubles with the workingman is that he has,done too much
walking. Arid.it will take something
besides walking to learn him to stop
walking. -  ■
"The. great question between capital
and labor cannot be solved by marching. It might' at one time have served to put some ■ fear in the minds and
hearts of "those uipon the other side,
but they have long since learned that
marching'doesn;t mean very much. . -'
• "We have perhaps accomplished
something by parades. We,have accomplished a great-deal by labor'organizations—in fact, about everything
that has bettered the condition of the
workingman. - .  -■_
"We lmve done some wise,things
and some foolish things in the past—
some ".vise things that seemed foollsn
iind soino foolish things that sesm-iil
WW. If~i^7_nwMf^o_knowTioTv^s^rr"
ous is the-situation and how nuol.
cause we, have for real' thought and
real action, it might be well to glance
over some of the things we have accomplished by hard work, securing
legislation in our legislatures and in
Congress, beliovlng the measures pa«s-
ed would help the laboring' man, and
see how foolish some of these things
are.
"Tliere ls a statute of this state and
of the, federal government forbidding
a man to work more than eight hours
n day! We 'pass laws to keep people
from working! You wouldn't be compelled to pass a law to'make me stop
work—or any other man who had a
chnnco to be idle,
"nut the Industrial condition of the
world is In such a serious state today
that wo are obliged to puss laws to
keep j.eoplo from working!; And wo
seriously go to Congress and to tho
legislature and ask them to mnko if
a criminal oflfonao for a man to work
moro thnn a certain number of hours
n day, as If a man lovod to work, nnd
ub if ho harmed his fellow-man' by
working.
"Wo wniit laws to provont womon
from wcrklng In certain occupations
for moro than a certain number of
hours a dny, so that tnoy may bo moth-
ora iinrt take caro of children. And
yot It hns been a law of nature for Infill Ito ngos for nil women that thoy
Bhould bo mothorH—n law deeper than
nil human laws.
"nui now wo must pass laws that
women mny hocomo mothers, lost tho
liiimnn rnco fall, Wo might Just tin
woll let it full!
"And'wo missed laws to provont
child lahor.
"The mothors of tlio world hnv« so
fnr forgotten tholr motliorliood Hint
tliey food tholr children to n machine,
nnd wo mint pnsu laws tant mothorn
Hlmll not do It. Tho firm, Instinct or
tlio mother to to enro for tho child,
nnd the first Inatlnct of thn fnthor nl«o
Ifl to core for tho child. Hut our In.
rtUBtrlttJlBm has driven unto'tlmt point
thnt. we mint pass laws to koop fathers
nnd mothers from fmcrlrictna; tholr
children.
"Man has grown so fond of work In
thoao dnys. Ho hns como lo roonrri
work as a Messing, nnd If yon le«v«
him nlono ho will work tw«nty>four
lirairn n di.v n«vl «•« cpw't !«' Mm
work but flight for fonr thflrn wm't
bo AnoiiRh work to ro nroimd. If wn
lot womon alono they wll] bo bo bury
they'll stop being mothers. <,.
"Wo hnvo grown so fond of toll, and'
so fearful thnt. oth«»r _irnnl*« will do
tlio work for us, so wo won't noed to
work, that wo won't let lho 'Jap* aid
tho Chinaman In to do any work for
Ufl.
"The Chlnamnn likes to work. H«
wasn't born In a free country Ilka this
_.___! do*»n't know anything but work.
Tho East Indian, too, likes to .work,
and so we ar« «o iJrald we won't bave
work «aonfh ourselves wo won't Jet
litem .work.
"Yoa'vo n*ver bad to paaa a law te
.(MP m lawrer from worklng-or • doe*
tor-or a preaehtr-or anybody «Im
wlcknow twite.. W» only hava to
paaalawatokaep Chiasm** aid Jtpt
and East Indians—and working people
—(from. working, for . fear '.they_' will
work too much and all the: work will
be done,.and then we will have nothing to do but play the rest of'our lives.
"Now," I aim' riot saying ;but' that
these laws "may be good'in their time
and Place.. If you can'tget the people
to go at/a thing in the right-way, .it
might be better to go'at it in the
wrbng'way.than not at all, ' j
"The human1 race has always' had
a faculty for going at a thing" in the
hardest and most Impracticable way,
rather than going at it directly, and
simply.     ^    7. ® -,
' "If"every man in the world—or in
America—had a chance to turn his'
time and energy to work and then get
what he (produces, we', wouldn't care
to pass larws against work; If, under
those circumstances, a man wanted to
work himself to death, he ought to be
permitted to do It, for then he couldn't
hurt anybodyelse who didn't want to
work so long.'
"Under ,. those 'circumstances we
would not find women in; factories and
mills, 'because the, Instincts, planted
deep in a woman's heart would keep
her out of the factories, and the men
would see that" she was kept out, because she wouldn't, need to work.
, ."If every man=and every woman had
the„opportuntty to work and, get what
they earned, the instincts of>mother-
hoodand fatherhood would keep the
children out of the^muis and factories.
These instincts are stronger than any
law6 ever made, and it is only from
our industrial .conditions that lt 'is
made necessary.to pass laws to save'
children. ■ ■v ' ».'
"How long we had to work to get
Congress to pass and enforce a law
providing safety devices upon cars
and engines,- so that, when a brake-
man coupled'- two cars, he wonldn't
get his hand between the cars.
"We pass laws' to get safe tools and
machinery where workingmen go to
toil. - If every man in the world had
a fair, chance .lo^labor' and to get the
full product of his labor, no one'could
possibly hire .him unless the tools arid
machinery were safe. , .The working-
man would look after the safety'of his
own machinery, a good' sight better
than' any government inspector could
or wouid.    ■ ■   -.-' ■ ■'        .' ~ -   •
^MoStT^nKe^legisl'atlon. you talk"
about today as a, solution of your problems, would ',be entirely unnecessary
under any fair condition of-life. ' We
are 'busy-'patching and tinkering and
doing a poor.joib patching and tinkering at that." - . , . ; 7
'.Mr. Darrow'spoke of the ever-increasing fierceness of, the, fight' between the owners of. mills, mines, factories and railroads, on ..the ono hand,
and the workingmen upon the other,
and how, as the enemy grew more and
more organized labor was forced more
and more to organlzo "In order to
meet one monopoly with anothor."
"The human race Is not wise enough
to go at a thing directly, • The wisest'
of us uro not very» wise, and the
stupidest control. .' That is one of tho'
things.wo got oui of popular suffrage
—the control of .the mediocre, A'
thing of real value caii only ho seen
by tho few, nnd by tho timo the crowd
got up to wlioro thoyostood thoy have'
moved further, on nnd nro thinking of
something clso, So the rulo of tho
masses has always boon a stupid rulo.
"Anybody who.Bui-poscd wo nro going to get complete-Justice becauso
every portion who hns n'chance to voto
has nnotlior giioaa coming. And'
It won't ibo any ibottor since tho women voto.
Mon have practised n gront many
yoars on tho trick nnd haven't dono
much. liy tho tlmo womon have practised ns long ns 'mon thoy cnn poo.
slbly do ns .well. In tho meantime wo
hnvo got to wait nnd suffer whllo they
lirnctlse.
"Wo hnvo so far only tinkered with'
symptoms mid nover .thought to find
out tlio caiiHO of tho dlsonso. Whon wo
find out n mnn working'.on or twolvo
or fourteen hours n dny that In n symptom. Womon working in fnctorlou
nnd mllln Is nnotlior symptom. Llttlo
children in tho mills Is still nnotlior.
Whon tho Japs nnd Chlnoso como nnd
tnko nwny our prootona jobs nnd loavo
us nothing to do, nnd wo object, that
Is Another symptom of the disease,
"Wo nover dream of sotting to work
upon thf> dlsonoo and curing that. If
tho dlsnnoo wns curod tho symptoms
would fndo nwny and wo wouldn't got
another ln Its place.
"Thorn to somohlng In hnmnn nnfuro
thnt mnkOB n man want to fight whntovor is weaker than ho |s; he never
T_V'*n    If,    fln-l.f     11, in     f.t,-*... r*p ..     »** ». ..
••1.1*.    v.*u    «...s..,4jV,    ^*...».
"Wh«»n fi rri'tit rnllrond r»vmpnnv
tnkos nil tho lnnd, or a gront stent
trust all tho Iron ore thoro Is, or a timber trus. all tho forest, and we catch'
them at it, wo don't go after thoso
m*»n.     Wo don't »>fly to t>i/» rnllrowrt
company, Tako down your fence'; or
to a steel trust, 'This oro has been
stored In tho earth for millions of
ages and It Is not for you to talie to
yourselves—but It Is for tho use,of all
mankind.' We leave the railroad and
oomimny with all the land, and tha
steel trust with all tho Iron ore, tha
cosi trust with all tbe coal, and tarn
to tbo Chinaman and tbe But Indian
and Jap that bave cone to do tb* work
—our work—for tha corporations.
"Kow, are w* not InteUlfeotf
"If wa want at It ttfht we would
taka all tbese mowo— tor tbe ba*a-
fll of nan, and If tha Chinaman waatad
to work for nothing we'd.'-liSt .ilia'do
it.;   We'd even.let.him work fourteen
hours a day.if he'wante&to..-... -,; '7
"There is work .enough in the world
for' every man.7', flie7 trouble.._with
most 'men is , they„_work .'too1 ranch:.
Others haven't'Vorked^'enough—they
are the ones who are well off. 7yS-.
"A man who. really wants to ,get
rich mii&t stop, working and get''somebody else to work for^im': «;7 -', y
,- "But we are* not'onlyCafraid of .the
Jap, the Chinanian . and;" the East.' In-,
dlan—we are'afraid,of'tte'inachines.
Our political economy is founded.upon
the theory that .whatever makes work
is a blessing to mankind. 7.   s 7  , •'•<
"Our industrial conditions' .are in
such,a tangle that It.was'a good thing
foripooripeople that this.city,was destroyed by fire: What^a "crazy situation-that the destruction of .property
should be good for any.human being.
There was never a time in Chicago
when ttie (people were so; prosperous
and lived so well as. after the fire.
, "Calamity helps the workingman because he hasn't any "property to burn
down. He <bullt the houses; but he
hasn't any. Tbe other fellow's houses
burn down and he has a chance (to
build more. And we want to keep but
the Chinaman and the Jap so we can
build houses to give to the other fellow." ■ ^      '.•,'''
In referring to employers' aversion
to unions,' and belief In ,"scabs,'7Mr,
Darrow said: - ^     ' "    \ °   '   '
"They hold'that every man''has'an
inalienable right to work. That's
taken from the constitution—but that
doesn't make It true. There is a lot
of truth that never got into the con-
stltution.        y   '- -■ - y
"Every'man has a" right to work if
he can get it. - If you have an. inalienable right to work-you'd have,an inalienable right to a1 Job. But every
man has an Inalienable right to'what
he can get and nothing else,' and the
fellows who own'-, the, machinery,. the
railroads,*the land'and the earth have
an inalienable,.right to: do as they
'damn' .please. - , - _ -    * -
."That phrase .never did mean anything and never will. A thing that is
inaliena'ble cannot be taken away. ;,
"You have an Inalienable right to
anything you are strong enough, to
keep. - -. • ^    7
, "I have never regarded unions as
anything but a means to a greater end.
There will'come'a "time when we won't
care-whether a-mafi 'belongs to a union
or a church or"anything else..' Unions
like legislation serve a certain time
and place to help humanity on to something better than'unionism." . ,
, „Speaking, of'the necessity of ttie collective bargaining o£ workers.through
arid, the .idle. rich. yf --77.^77,7-:.
-.' "When I .was a"boy,'the. village'carpenter,, ttie 'village .blacksmith and car.
riage'' malfe'r7were ; independent'--men.'
That, time] Ib,, passed.,"' - itrcan, never.
come again..''" The wagon is made in a
shop, ttie harness'andeverythirig-that
man uses today is '.made in 'greaWac-
tories,'where hundreds of people work
together under a common, employer, v
"  "Men-"must .work in -large! numbers
"and'all'men cannot be.;workmen and
all'inen employers unless-there' is a
Joint ownership of.the earth and the
Implements of production, >.' And peace
can comeMn no other!way.:- 7\*7' •"/
• ' '/Every Btep in industrial. progress
must come through this partnership of
co-operation of human beings, instead
of regarding each other "as enemies as
under the industrial system of today,
they>must.   '*''    ,, '■.        ",-  S
, "YVlien all men are, capitalists ."and
all men. workers, industrial ..wars will
cease, and we"4will, need n? lawn to
limit child labor, or.tho hours of toll,
or to'keep women out of the "mills.
Then.every man who brings his   toll
Into the land will bring wealth, arid all
men may labor with hand arid brain to
help their fellowmen. 7
"It Is for this generation to bring"
workingmen together, to learn this is
their fight and that tbey must fight
it themselves—to make them stand
ogether iri these contests and be brave
enough to stand by their own mistakes and not run' away, from comrades who they believe have made a mistake.'.        ■; ', ,,'.   '.
"You have a right to ask your "comrades one question, arid only one. That
is: "Were you on my side?" and'if
they wore on your side, and they stood
for. you, whether wisely or unwisely,
they are our fellowmen :arid entitled
to our sympathy.;.-;-, J ,- ;.
7 ."You "have a right, to have 'them
stand by you, arid lt is for you to' stand
by them, and with your organization,'
with yoiirs unity. -It is for you to
study carefully these great economic
questions which this-generation must
solve,, for-your sake and for the sake
of the little children who have to go
as you have gone. ' ■   ••  -°
"War should not be the natural state
of men." Great happiness and .prosperity cannot come through war, but
only through the,co-oper,ation' of man
with. man. '..,'.
"Then . it' will - not matter whether
you are an American, a- European, an
Asiatic, or a member of this union, of
that union, or no union,'If.you are a
felldwman thai will be enough."—-San
Francisco Labor Clarion. " - ,>7   "' ■   "
THE CAPITALIST,,SYSTEM ,.-
.>....7 ■''•'■'" •"',  '7: v-7<.7--v^:^r.
lhe~u"nioris,~Tl r7Darrow""safd ~ y ?
. VYou can't bargain, singly. with • the
railroad and. the' Industries. All you
can do'Is" to take what,they feel like
giving you.'
"You rriake your unions as thorough
as you , possibly can. , And satisfied
with skilled labor alone, you reach
out to unskilled men. . These, you
understand, are the menace to union-
Ism. .So you try not.to limit-your
apprentice system more than you are
obliged to. „ ,   o ,
"Your' employers don't believe In
limiting apprentices, It's 'un-American—whatever that Is; A lawyer told
me not long ago thi-tt he' could stand
nil of unionism except tho apprenticeship.       -       ,,("  , ■    '   ;/,'     ,    '. ■
"Now, of. course, I know you will
deny It, but'you need not deny It to
mo, ibut.n largo part of tho service of
apprenticeship is to protect tho unions
—to monopolize the Jobs. There nro
too mnny plumbers now, • If you hnvo
any more some of them will hnvo to
turn burglai'B, so you devise tho long
apprenticeship,*
"Dut your unions noed not think
you hnvo tho systom to yourself.- To
got Into my union you linvo to havo
nlmost a college education, nnd then
three or four years' on* top of thnt to
irtudy !nw--nnd It's n wondorrul study,
We've got you- bent. Eight or ten
years "to iproparo! What's that for?
To koop poor pooplo out of It. No-
body complains nbout the. apprenticeship of lawyers, Evory yonr more
nnd more nro breaking In, nnd thero
is loss nnd loss for tho pooplo ln It,
and wo mako tho term of sorvlco long
Jn order to koop others out,
' "And If anybody trios to scab on
our Job—If oomo' non-union lawyer
'oob to tlio courthouse nnd trios to conduct a caso, wo don't throw nny bricks
at him, Instead wo sond somo work-
Igmnn—a deputy ahoriff—to put him In
Jnll, You don't know how to organize a union,"
After reviewing tho njiprentlco system of tho doctors nnd preachers,
Mr. Darrow continued:
"What are we going to do? That
lnbor unions nro most Important to
workingmen every employer and workingman knows. If thoy didn't understand tlmt, thoy wouldn't fight you.
,Tho best proof of tho usofulnoss of
tho union Is that the omployors don't
win.-.     II t»/-..      ,..,     _.,_-,„.       Ml..     ,      M      I
•-.*-      •-- * W ..      ««''      ...M..J        .......few      _.*».«»
nri> not Idonlly rlp.ht, Ynn jilnro
limits on lho numbers of apprentices
and, of course, you don't work as bard
as you can. No man Is bound to do
that The tendency throughout the
nrir«n1tntlfln t« tn mcirir «^ i^ii ♦£»■»
will bo work enough to go around.
And that Isn't a bad Idea-all of which
•bows how rotten our Industrial sys-
lota Is,
"Thera can never b« any proper dis-
trtbutlon of wealth In tbo world while
a tew own the earth—• few men the
ulnae, th« railroads, tha forests, while
the great mass of men are bound to
compete with «a.h other for a chance
to toll. There will never ba a aoJo-
Uon until all men are capable and all
man worlunaa.
"However that mar eoma than ean
k« ao «*«* wl.krfwt it.
-We must trt rid of the Idle poor
A 'prominent;.'"republican •^attorney,7-
writeb V long. letter in .which; he^"says 7V
he is almost, .persuaded, toteaSocial-..' -
1st 7 However/ he wants'a. little' fur-''.-';
th'er information. 7arid we" are glad to 7•-
furnish It;,./^He asks";.,....-,-."•■'7-- 7;c,.>>
'.'T.'Wtiatlsttie' capitalist system?' ?I J\
suppose that Socialists ,kriow.,'lntuitive ,-..'
perh"aps,'"'butTthose" of ius~ wtio";jlke7 to \;.
be]right at.any.cost'and'jribt knowing ,"
what, the capitalist1 system' Is have to -~?
find but"the best-way'we^can' wliat you ■
mean when you speak of the capitalist
syTBtem?:;,-..,." y y\7yySyy^y<:-
7 The,capitalist system consists of the •'-
mnriagement, of-.industries by,; capital- ,
ists, who1 conduct everything oa' the   *
basis of profit;. .Profit in its broadest
sense includes'interest and rent as .7
weii. £ The three, profit, intorest and
rent, are the modern .means of exploiting the worker.- \ • • S7
At one time this exploitation waB ac-   '
compitohed' through . the feudal', sys-;
tem. where the feudal lords by virtue
of owning the'land had oJbsolute control, of their services.    Later chattel"
slavery took .the place of feudalism. 7
and'the .worker was owned instead of   ■>
the land."  Since 'then the capitalist
system has been universal, basing ita
power on control of the machinery of
production and "distribution.     It had
been in existence longbefore, but not
as an universal, means of exploitation.
It could not have been that till great .
machinery came.       ' ■ y  ■-';-. -r-', •
When Socialists speak of wishing to   ,
overthrow the capitalist system, tbey
mean that they want to stop profit, interest and rent. 7 This' also Involves ,; "■
the wages system, which la a factor.-
of capitalism.,    Instead of the capital- 7
1st system Socialists propose a co-op- :>
eratlve commonwealth', where industry.
will be conducted by the whole people
collectively for the'benefit of all, with ;
a complete, ending of exploitation."
Such a thing, as ending exploitation.
has never^'ever-been proposed before .
in all history, but Socialism has a very'
rational "plan for doing it:   The plan
itself, however, did not come through,
agitation alone; ' It has been,'proven
that-the capitalist'system Is destroying Itself,'just as feudalism, and chattel
slavery were self-destructive, and that
being near the-period of .collapse, some ■.
new,.systt_m"must soon take,its place.'
The unrest that prevails'is-merely a
manifestatipn of this fact, and Socialism is a development out of the logic
of the 'situation.—The-Appeal.
Dp. de Van's" Femaie Piiis
' A reliable French regulator; never falls. These
pills are exceedingly powerful in regulating lho
generative portion of the female system. Refuse
all cheap imitations. Dr. de Van's are sold at
Ma box, or three tor 110. . Mailed to any address.
Tha Scobell Drue Co., St. Catharines, Ont.
,,The Socialist '.platform recently
adopted by the Indianapolis convention
has been'inserted In the "Congression-
of Wisconsin.'"' This Is the first time
a .platform or document of that party
has appeared in the official publlca-'
tlon of the United'States Congress.' '■
rial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund  ..,,
,  D. R.
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO      ."   '
.   6,000,000      Capital Paid'Up ....       6,460,000
6,460,000      Total Assets      72,000,000 •
WILKIE, President HON. R.O.BT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pree.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITI8H COLUMBIA'  ',
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kumloopo, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
7 - Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria, >
8AVINQ8 DEPARTMENT    ,/
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from1 date of deposit,
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager ,
I
PANTORIUM  TAILORS
,   _.        .       .    , _  . ...
, Next to Fernie Hotel
SUITS   TO    MEASURE
from $15.00 to $50.00
GENTS AND LADIES'CLOTHES
Cleaned
Repaired
and
Pressed
'*'yrJW;
Sanatorium at Frank
Rocky Mountain
SANATORIUM
at the famous
Sulphur Springs
Every Convenieuce
Bub at all trains
"nr
v.
mCHOMDE BICYCLES
John Minton
raumitcrcLimii
Kiyalrt Ntttly txMtittd
Send Postcard for catalogue* of (ol*
loving vheat*.
CLIVILANO fRANTfORO.
DOMINION, PBRFtCT, t.t,A.
MAIIIV tlLVBR K^MON-
Cytlii an HJra     it     AMMMHat.
I
9
'*t.J«»fl_*]^*#_.V !.,„
«A    *.*«r-^«  ,     i\.^f •-
r.irr^-"'
^SSSSSSmmmtmmmlmmmL^^
f'.v.^jj   «iiui '^iiHmnilHilWS'l1*!* <** 'ft
;»<i, . .,
tSimiimim
mam *"■   V    a?     L  "
^^^yl^^Wiy^W^€%i^-^\yir. ""■'■>'
''''71 "'"'J:'7-7 V''.* 77'     yy ~'S:~y> S-~      ' '"
.V,'j
'"yy^xyx;-.   -.       ", *. "-v. .s.iy* ' ■
THE DKTEIOi. LEDGER, FERNIE,, B.C.,SEPTEMBER 21, 1912.
PAGE SEVEN
TMy
liii'a!
yand:
;0nly 7
The H^tef
ffi-LLlS
Beftare.of
Imitations
Sold on the
;?Meritsof •
Miriard's j
-Liniment
Passburg
77 Hotel
..You're always welcome here
•y  ■ 7 :    y^T    ,'  ■ '  ' '
Clean'Rooms,:Best of
7 Food and every ,,
...     •-'    attention;1.
:, THOS. DUNCAN.   Passburg
One-: of y the
Best
C. J..ECKSTORM      Prop.
»' Lethbridge,.' Alta.
Freneif
LE, SOCIALISME ET .LESy ^j, 7   '
PETITS cbMl«ERCANTS
ni'
/:.
_
L. E. McDonald
i-
Wholesale. Liquor,^ Dealer "
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
,< Gents' 'Furnishings, '
: BAKER   AVENGE
BRANCH   AT,., HOSMER, . B.C.
''   .• HORSESHOEING
o
GENERAL    BLACKSMITH ING ,
., •    '"    ''   . ■ and /'    _      '.-7
. CARRIAGE   BUILDING   •
.'   * ... ...       3 '"      '
Express, and  Delivery Wagon? a
'      '    •.   'v .    . - ^     '  *.
• ', .      " Speciality     -    -
Italian
LA FONDA2IONE DEL NUOVO;, * 7
PARTITO RIFORM-STA IN  ITALIA
o .♦ ♦ ♦ ♦:♦ «*«►♦♦♦♦♦
I
i .  ,.    ■/ . *   -,.  _   ,   -I-,  *
in G£;R',|
•EW'I.NG   'j
"MACHINE-"CO*
W M.     BARTON
Asent • Fernie    Branch
Pellatt    Ave.    North
**************************
J Fernie Dairy |
i
i
l'RESH ■ MTLK
delivered- to, all
parts of tho town
Sanders
& Verhaea.
, ' ri
, Proprietors
Brothers.
.
>++*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦ ♦♦♦
Southern
HOT EL
BELLEVUE, Alberta
Every
convenience
and
attention
$. J. Cole
IB E L EEiLlI E:
-   Hair Dressing
y Pool    :.   ■•"•
Billiards .    •.:
. Cigars
; Tobaccos
Bowling Alley
Drop In
Meals that tasto liko
mother .wort to cook
Best in the Pass
Joi. Grafton, Proprietor,
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
>■ Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
i
.iO.
29
•481
tm
9.9
C227
1387
mt
SS77
1128
1178
J3H
1181
tm-
1068
£71
(188
12SI
8829
m*
mt
25S5
1989
\02
NAME 8EC. and P, 0, ADDRESS
Dftnkhend  F. WtHMtlftV. niinlrtiflftf.   Altn
Uosvor Creole...,,. D/ Kemp, Itonvor Cr<Mil_, via Plnct.*r,  '
-_o.ie.iu.... J. ilurke, Bellovue, Frank, AHn,
Blairmore......... \V, L. fivani, Lille, AHa.
Iiu. ml*. , J. }T agdaU, Paiiburg, Alta.
Carbondalo.,....., J.'Mltchall, Carbondalo, Coloman, Alta,
Cannot* .....N. D. ThuehMk. Cnnmor<». AH*.
ColcwBri W. Graham, Coloman, Alta.
Corbln     W. Dallln g, Corbln, D,C,
Chinook Mfnoa .,,. P. Kotly, Diamond City, AHa.
Diamond City...,, Albert Zak, Diamond City. Lotltbrldf*.
Pernio ............Tboa, Uphill, Fornlo, B, ti.
Frank Jaa, Kennody. Frank, Alta.
.Iforaor .'.... W. KUIdaTatoae. Hotmer, n. C.
Hlltoreat   Ooorrs Bhmborougb, irilleroat, AHa,
LoUifiiUK*. h, Moor«,  604. Hktoenth BL. Nortlt "jMbbrldgo.
Utbbridto ColIIorlaa Frank lUrioitham, ■«&, via., Klpp, Alt*.
UIU W, U Erana, UIK Fnak, Alt*
Maplo tmt  J. Mafda.1, Paiiburf. Alta.
Mlebel..-. '.... M. Borrell, Mlebel. V, C'_
VitlmtK.  3. M*sd«n, PaMbun, Alta.
'Ttoyttl View. Cfw. Xotdjoi, lU.y__l CoUU.U*. Utbbrld**, Aha.
t«b«r...... t JL Pattorton. Taber. AHa,
Tab«r Wm. Forayib. Tnber, AHa.
7*'Au mols d'abut s'est reiiiii aMontlu-
con, Prance un' Congres'de petltfe-com-;
mercants qui devait s'occuper de re-
chercher les moyens eapables > de- les
defendre contre le developpement iiu
grand commerc. °. '_.,. 7-- '*. •; ■
-'•' II sera interessant de' sulvre i«s travaux d cette assemblee et-surtout ,<le
notre.les conclusions qui ^oufront en
sbrtir. Sl' pour appuyer leurs plain-,
tes et legltimer leurs revendications,
ils pro'duiscnt les statisques recentes
qui permettent de mesurer la rapidite
de la concentration conimercfale, leur
Congres ne manquera pas djetre-interessant. v Jusqu'a present, les petits
commercaiits ont ete les" adyersalres
dii Socialisme; lis ont ardement com-
battu contre nous et, place leur confi-
ance entro les. mains de nos detract-
eurs;, peu't-etre ontlls cru qu'en mar-
chant a cote des gros ils seraient, comme sous un paraplule, a l'abrl des dif-
ficultes qui se dressent devant eux
ipour vivre'avec.un .pen d'alsance^el
souvent meme pour jolndre les deux
bouts.       .' •        ■       ■     y   ' -i '•
Par cralntes des cooperatives, ouvri-
eres, il se sont precipites, par .* leur
attitude politique; ,dans les bras-du
grand commerce qui-les ecn.se par sa
concurrenco irresistible.' * .,'
" Le revel! de leur p.erspicacite est
douloureux, lis doivenc. constater.que
les'cooperalives pqrtent moins.de prejudice a leurs operations .de vente que
l'extensibn croissante des vastes caravanserais ou l'acheteur, est eblou(,e^
subjugue par ramoncellemeht des-ya-
rietes 'de-marchandises.,      ,-    '"'*-
* i
La'dernier forme de la croissante du
capitalisme'dans. le.cominerce, ce sont
les Societcs d'alimentation a succursa-
les multiples qui rayonnent de plus en
plus dans-toute. la France, ct qui ar-
rachent le cohsommateur au petit epic-
ier, comme les, colis-postaux des grands
macasins d-tourneht la clientele de la
ii ' -
petite politique.   *
' Les petits commercaiits ont "dedai-
gne.bien lougtemps les averlissements
que leur ont-prodigues les socialistes
depuis plus de trente ans, en leur -mon-
trant les modifications,provoquees par
revolution dans ' la ■ production,     lis
voyalent bien tous les jours .l'artisan
deposse'de, exproprlo - sans indemnite
par la grande Industrie mais ils fer-
maient les yeux devant la "concentration commerciale qui les reduit "sans
>esse en attendant-de les devorer en-
ticrcmeht,7 ,'_ •'■ ^ -
—En-leur; fnveuntlioarTJTDlon ger ISlfF"
existence, les deferiseufs,qu'ils se sont
choisls'n'ont'rien  su ou  i;ien  youlu
faire.     Kn-lflO^ au  moment ou'la
Chambre discutait une nouvelle loi des
pateutcs,'-11 a ,ete demonlre que les
dispositions votees avaient pour resul-
tat de dlmlnuer If. patente des .petits
commerc,™t_ degreves   d'une   somme
moyennc'do 3'francs 30.au principal.
- Co n'ost pas un palliatif suffisant
pour nmellorer la situation d'un com-
merennt. I/o' petit .commcrcant se volt
.nccule a la liquidation ou a la fallllte
quand lo clilffro d'affaires est reduit a
un chiffre tel quo la recette ne pout
sufflre n couvrlr loafrals generaux in-
dlspensables, ' Souvent, un achaland-
age-pormet do dou'bler le chiffre d'affaires sans oxlger dea frals gonernux
8iipplemeiitnlres.de loyor/ d'eclnlrage;
de personnel, etc, Or, la monteo crols-
snnto du commorro capitalisto rodult
do jour on jour la part do consom-
matlon  quo les  petits conimorcnnts
pouvont antlsfnlro.
,TourH los sociallstes ont vote, en
fovrlcr dernier, un amendinont n la
lol do Flnncoi. pour uugmentor lea
chnrgoB des malsons ac commorco a
succursaloB, commo Us votcront snns
doulo uno-proposition tondant a obligor ces soclotOB n voraor a In Cnlsao
dos dopolii ot consignations los cnn-
tlonncmctilR rpio los gcrnnts dolvout
vcrser .nctiiollement dans U.s,cai_.H0H
capIlnlisloH, ■
Cur lot. Hoclotes (rnllmontatlon a
Kiicui'saloH multiples ont.lrouvn In mo-
yon d'oxploIto. des capltntix qui no lour
npprtrtlcnncnl pus, Ki'-"*' fi|1 Kymoiim
du cntloniionioiit obllgatnlro oxlge do
Wmra gernnls nuxquola dies font den
conditions loonlnct..
I,oh soi'litlUtoH sonl touJnui'H fnvoi'-
ablrm mix moHiircfl do dcfcntiu contro
rancnpitrflmont hour tottton wn formes,
IIb'iio ho Hont jnmnlH rofimoH a prolog-
or In pol Ilo proprloto torrlonno, Industrie! lo on rommorolnlo, jiiIho on valour pnr lo ciilth'.Uei.i', r«rtluun on lo
potlt roinmorcnnti Ioh roprosoiUnnta
liourgcolH n'en poiivont dlro nutant, IU
dofondont lo potlt commoroo qunnd
lour Hltiiatlnn olcotorule lour on full
nun nocosRlto,
QuoIb quo golont les. moyens cm.
ployos pour prolon«or I'oxlstonco du
potlt comnioi'ce, memo pur uuc organ.
iHUtton tiabllo do crodlt mutucl commercial, -'evolution oconomlquo aub-
inoi'Kora claim un t«mpa Dlim on mnlni.
prochnin tons lea otabllaaamonta a cap- i
i.dux uiitudiKiintit pour ae dofendro oux-
momca. contro la concurrence.   .-
r«mroe a dlaparti en aruudi) partlo
In potlto Indiittrlo, dlaparnltra lo potlt
commorco; lo prodlgloux doveloi>p«-
..liiti'i On .-hji_mO)ii(uo dans ]'Jndu«trJo
ot Io commorco rejotto de plua on plui
dana lo proletariat, petits industries
ol petlta rommercanta, ot prepare lo
trlomphe du 8oclallam«.
Le potlt commerce vlondra au Parti
(r-.cf.tM_.f-. non «fof(.n««ur naturcl, car
aon Interot u confondra de plua on
pin* nvor y«lii| du prolcUi'l»l.
C ««t dam lo ado mom* de la ijoelete
rapltallale qua ao foraeat lea orrtn^
qui feront vlvre la »oel«te eolloctlvlilo
d« domain, on le commerce ne eera
ptat <ju«> le urrk« national de la re-
partlMon f?.* prntfnfru, •
nerazsodni in zaslepljeni
delavci. >' '    '_'.."'
so~ vendar
Ad esso a'deriscono i deputatl Cane-'
pa, Cabrini, Podfecca, Berenini, Bert-
esi, Trapanese, Graziadei, Delia Sbar-
ba, Bonoml, Badaloni, Bissolatl, Mer-
land Ge. Ferri. y.'  ' '- '■ .''
• - Ecco 11 testo letttfrale della dlchiara-
zio ne approvata' nelladunanza dei socialist! riforraistfdissiidenti di destra:
"I sottoscritU, adunati oggi, 10 luglio
1912,.visto 1'ordiine ' del giorno'appro-
vato ieri dal congressb del Partito Socialista Italiano, con il quale sotto-pre-
testo di '.espellere quattro compagni
per fatti singoli, -si7da Postracismo
(come risulta dalla: discussions fatta
nel coiigresso e su|la:stampa) alia con-
cezlone'riformisticflMiellc sue opplica-
zioni praticlie; che ■ tale' ostraelsmo'e
ribadito nel successivo ord!nec del giorno del congresso" cbe scoinunlca .gli
atteggiamenti plu proprii e plu slgni-
flcatlvl del riforailsmo, con ■ che si
dlmostra oramai impossibile il prolun-,
gare la coesistenza in un solo organls-'
mo delle due direttlve: la riformlstlca1
e la rivoluzlonarla. 7 ' ■       • ■'
Rlsonosce nece'ssarlo per i Socialist!
clie7'non vogllono, sacrific-are ogni-az-
ione al predominio assoluto della teu'-
denza rivoluzionaria, di compiere at-
to di'solldarlota con i compagni espul-
si, di costi tiiirei-lih organismo' auto-0
no-mo col nome di Partito Riformista
Italiano per la prosecuzlone dei meto-
di e.ded fini del rifprmismo/prosecu-
zione doverosa ed urgente in que'st'ora
In cui.il Socialismo'sta per aft'rontare
la ip'rova della nuova condizione creata
alia vita pubblica-italiana dal suffra-
gio universale. '       ' 7     '
■ Riaffermando la propria fede nelle
ideaMita socialisto e nella causa di
eman'cipatzlone del .proletariato', deli-
bera di foiidare'un comitato con seile
in Roma ,con il compito di raccogliere
le forze aderenti alia presente 'deli-
berazionc. e' fonnulare ■ il programma
specifico di azibne .immediata- nelle
linee gia' tracciate dalla relatione Bernini "presentata al congresso." t
, -Riguardo alle dimissioni dei depu-
ta.i di "destra, il convegno ha preso la
seguente deliberazione:
- "Sulla -.nichiesta dei deputati prc-
senti," circa -la necessita di presentare
iminediatamente le proprie dimissioni,
i'convenuti hanno deciso die i depu-
tafco stessi non debbano rlprendere alia
riapertura.della'Camera il loro' man-
dato.politicb.;se ,.il collegio rion' avra'
prima; con, chiara significazione,    ri-
confermato loro la sua fidiicia."—La
.EaroIaTdei-SooialiP-*'
L'UNIONE   NEL -WASHINGTON
"'•_•;     By A. Pred.Rindler  •-    ■
■' ''The young man," - says Ralph
Waldo Emerson, "on-entering life finds
the .way to lucrative employment
blocked wfth abuses. The ways of
trade-have grown.selfish to the borders of .theft, and supple to the bord-.
ers (If, not "beyond the borders) of
fraud. A tender and Intelligent con-
.scieiice is a qualification for success."
Young man. don't you think there
is something wrong with a system
that makes common'honesty and success, an .incompatible condition?
Don't' you think it is' about time to
change a social order that, says to
every young man at the" threshold of
life: "Young man, get the money;
get it honestly if you can, but'get the
money,"        . '
If you believe you are entitled lo
a real dhance- to make good in the
very broadest and best sense of the
term, and believe'1 that other young
men coming after you,are also entitled to an opportunity, why not do yonr
share NOW1 to bring about the new
day? '        .,     • y   .' •
., The Socialist, party needs you—you
need the Socialist party.
The Socialist party offers you one
big chance.
. Why not get into line.
WIDOWS' PENSION ACT
.IN NEW ZEALAND
■ The Widows' Pension Act came into
operation In New Zealand on January'
1 last. It received the ' governors
assent on October 2S, 19} 1. It is controlled by the officers appointed by ihe
Old'Age Pension Act;1 and has been
carried out without any hitch whatever. Copies of the act were distributed to the various registrars on Nov;
J6 last and it was gazetted on November 27. In the second week of Dec.
forms of application were available
from one end of the Dominion of New
Zealand to.the other,' and .pensions
were granted within a few days of the
act coming into force. t. The maximum
yearly pension is $49 for one, $S7 for
two, $116 for three, and ?M5 for more
L'unione ■>. ha* grandemente' miglio-
rato le condizlonl dei lavoratori nel
Washington, 'e questo viene provato
dal seguentl fatti: ■',     . ■■
La paga degli'scavatori di carbone
da 75' solcji per toniielfata q sallta a
Cid.. II salario cjegli Impiegati della
coimpagnia e stato aiimentato dnl cin-
quanta all'ottanta per cento. ■ Inoltre
sono state concosse le otto ore dl lavoro al mlnatorl ed agli Impiegati della coTnpagnla, o Ie eel-ore di lavoro In
domenica. « ■   , ■
Dnpprlma 1 minatori dovovano fare
i tngll traversnll per nulla,, Ora essi
vengono pagatl anclieper questo lavoro. I) prezno del lavorl dl Bplana-
monfo da.'$1.50 o stalo aumenliito a
$:j,_0 per "ynrda." Ma non lmst.t.
L'im'Ione hn ottonuto un'altro buppob-
bo; dietro euo attlvo lavoro, ln compagnla ha coRtruito un ospednln, dovo
I mlnatorl nmmolntl o forltl, proylo
pngamonlo dl un dollaro ul me^e,1 vengono prntultamcntc nllogglatl, curatl
o nutrlti, Prima i mlnntori dovovano'
pngarc un dolluro nl meso por 1'iisbIs-
tonisn modlcn, sonza jioro potorln nvoro
nel mngglor numoro del cast, A
mos-zo del dlstretto No, 10 dellu United Mino Workers of America bI n ])ur
rlup-eltl a far imcnnro nollo Stato dl
WnshliiBton In loggo, dl coinpeuso, log-
go olio o dl gran bcncfielo nsll opornl
.olio rcHtniio forltl sul lavoro.
Ancbo a Clo 101m*i 11 coslo del vl-
vpi'I o iiumciitnlo, ma nnrobbe aumen-
Into mi clio qiinlora I nitniilorl non av-
opboi'o nvuto questo ImportnntlRfllmo
coiioossloiil, oUoniiti. ii mezzo dcH'iiu-
lono,
Ln Fornlo Hiicctnunlo dollu Tub
Canadian Bank of Commorco o prontii
nd cmotloro Bpeclnll Viiglln dol Dnnco
dl Xnpoll 1 qual I houo oarantltl dal governo Itallano t vengono pagatl a qua-
lalasl uffieio pottalo o nllo prlticlpr.il
bniuho d'ltnlln,
I Vuglla hoiio oidohrI dlotro rlcliloata
Hcnza rliardo o coKtltulBcono 11 muza
plu alciiro per apertlrn il dnnnro In Ita*
Hu polclio vengono ndoporall Inrgn-
inonto por qucBto scopo dnRll oml-
Kiniitl Itnllnnl In tutto ll mondo, I'nr-
tlrolnrl |plu dotlngllntl circa 1 smlilottl
Vanlln vengono datl dnlla Fornlo nuc-
n.iroiln   tlfiti   Ttin   ^!>ni'V.".r.   V.y„),   ,/,
Commorc*. o dn qiiftl«ln«l r>otn-H<* llnl-
lano,
Slavonian
DE-.AV8KI DAN IN
KAPITALI8TICNI DAN
TRV  A  "mOW  WANT AOVT,
Dclavaki dan obhajamo prtl iwno-
dpljrlf v m>ptomhmh
KaplUli«il£nl dan i« dolocon nn
tnri-it jto prvum pnnrAp)Htn v no\«r»-
bro.
.Va dolavaki dan tut delaratra ponot-
no trka po j»ralb, to*, tudl ml delavci
»mo IJudJc!
N* kapUftlUWot dan p« ftlamjrjo
milioni pttltetilh dolav<r«v tn UraplMlfi.-
tI_no InlereM In aopar avojo tutne
korlHti, Vrt torn pa ao ItapKatlatl «»n-
|£ljl\o am«j«)o, £oi. kako noapamttnt.
SOCIALISM—THE YOUNG
■ ;- ' MAN'S CHANCE
'Vinteresu kapitalistov je, da se nad-
aljuje sedanje izkoriiCanje »delavcev,
ki so pri temogoljufanl.za-Stlri petine
njihovegaj zasluzka.. ',.. ' "   "   "
V Interesu delavcev pa je, da se to
krivi_.no izkori§5anje cim prej konca.
IzkorisCanje delavcev po. kapital-
istih je bistvo in delo kapitali'zina.
Vsled tega se bo izkoriscanje tolikb
casa' n^daljevalo, kolikor Casa bo ob-
stajal kapltalizem.
Kapitalisti soslabi'po Stevilu Nji-
hovi glasovi niso zadostno stevilni, da
bi mogli-nadaljevati lzkori§canje_samo
eno uro. ■      •   •'    -■ v
Izkoris5anje se vrsi z dovoljenjem
in pomocjo 'delavskih glasov samih.
Delavci odidejo na volilni dan na vol-
i§2e ter oddajo svoje glasove za kapi-
talistiine kandidate!    ' y."
Na ta noCin kontrolirajo kapitalisti
v'so' javno mo. in Noblast.
Kadar rabijo javno 'moc in oblast v
zatlranju delavcev, zakaj se delavstvo
pritoiuje?—saj je vendar glasovalo za
zaiiranje.
•,. Kadar kapitalistiCni sodnik izda
uradno prepoved zoper delavstvo, za-'
kajj se delavci jeze? — Ali niso saml
glasoyall za tega sodnlka'tor mu s tem
dali dovoljenje!
-Kadar gospodarska kriza dlvja hied
delavci ter zene In otroci prosijo kru-
ha, zakaj'si delavci—oGetje rujejo lase
od skribi? .Saj so vendar saml glaso-
vaji za kapitaliste, ki provzrocujejo
krize! '■'''-,
Kadar predsednik ali guverner zau-
kaze -milici, ali vojaStvu streljati na
delaVce ter tako pomaga kapitalistom
prisiliti deliivce nazaj v' stari jarem
izkorisCevanja, zakaj delavci preklin-
jajo? ■ Ali ga niso sami posailili na to
mesto! „
Kadar odslovl v'as "boss" ter vam
tako dvz'ame.vs asredstva za zivljenje,
zakaj moledvate," da se je vam, zgodila
kriviica? Cilasovali st-e za kandidate
vaSih delodajalcev- ter s tem odobrill
njihovo profietje! ■   "
Zdr. drzavo so ljudovlada ali repub-
lika. VeXina ljudstya torej odlocuje
v" vseh javnlh zadevah, Telavci tvo-
rijo veliko-veclnb, torej se v drzavi
tako vlada," kakor delavci dolocujejo
s svojlmi,glasovi. Iz tega*Je jasho,
da so delavci Z. dr. gospodarji svoje
usode. ...
.Delavci dob!jo, za kar volijo. ;
Dokler bodo delavci glasovali za' iz-
koriscaiije, kroglje, sodnijske prepove-
dlV brezp'oselnost. In.slabe Case, toliko
casa bodo vse to tiidi dobivali.
Kadar. bodo.delavci nehali glasovati
za interese svojih nasprotnikov ' ler
zaceli glasovati za svoje lastne koristi,,
bodo-vse nadloge izginile, kakor zgine
'megiaykB-¥6§lJe**solnce. TeflajTo'
socializem'zacel svoje, delo. •
Druge desltve"ni! ■   1
Demokratska, republikanska in nova
progresivna stranka dobivajo deiiar za
svojo volilno borbo od kapitalistov.
Zato pa te stranke deliijejo-za' Jri-
terese kapitalistov. '
feoclalistiCna stranka, dobini .,pod-
poro za svoj volilni boj od delavskega
predna stranka se potegujejo za,nadal-
razreda; rato pa sli-anku tudl deluje
za Interese delavskega razreda.
■ Republikanska, demogratska in nn-
jepredna stranka se potegujejo za
nadaljevanjo izkoi'lS.Cevanjn, zutiran-
Ja delnvstva potom vojnfilvn, ■ sodnl-
jsklh propovedlr zoper delavstvo, brez-
poselnostl, rovSCino, otroftkegii deln in
vseh drtiglh nadlog, Id dane._ tarojo
dolavcn. ,
SoclalistlCna etnmka so borl zo od-
pravo kapltallzma, torej dull za vse,
knr Izvlra lz njegal
Krlk In gonjn, kaiero unlCovniijii
liiuslov, sin znamonjo liinlmnja Bred-
njega razreda. Mall knpltallatl v
Bi'CMlnjpmj'a/.rodu hofejo unlfltl tniBto
da bl poioni snnii tem InJSjo Izk'blsCo-
vail dclnvskl mzred, filavnl doblfiok
od izkorlftfaiija sodnj vloCojn od Iz-
korlfiCnnJa BcdaJ vlefejo trustl.
All pomojl za viih Iciiko nullko, ako
noul bandit, Id vas oropa, pusko In ro-
volvor?    (lotovo nol
Zn dolavcn torej no pomonl nobono
rnzllko, f-o zmnf.ii. Taft, .Wilson' all
Hoosovolt, NoJ znifign ktorl Izmed loll
hoCo deliivcl bodo fie 'iinprcj lzpoHtnvI-
Jonl Btnrcmu IzkorlfiCanJu.
(.u1iiIiinI-(> . iiniH.inje, dojinrno vprn-
ftiinjo. objnvljaujo poiiloviinju trimtov.
ra;:bljiiriji) tiu.ituv In driiKo InKo xnli-
lovo kiipitiillHilciilh politlkov no hiiiiio
viirnftiiiija, knl«i nistdolltl vi'llld plen,
Iraturoga Jo iigrubil liniiltiillzi'in dolnv.
('<'ii-,
Xoboiiii toll znlitov nl v koi'lal do-
|(i\'Hki>gfl. razreda, lOilinrt slvnr kl
morn pilnosti doliiVHtvu Htalno ndiio-
nmi'' je Hldipno tiiatoviiiijo lu kontro-
llrniiji" arcdalov zu l/.dti|ovaiiJr' hi vaz-
pofftvnuje nnmcifln sfilniiJi'K.'i U-korlf-
fiinjn.
Da nu w> to lioni'io, ni mora d<'liival;l
rnzred ohvoJHI vlndo.
Potent ho itrlpiululn vrt.diiOHt dclu
onlin, Id Ixvraljo potrobno In liorlstiio
(liiSc.viK) nil IcIcHiio dolo.
To pa so da doper) edlno h lomdn
KlauJiiJo dnlavci m hoc kiuidlduto.
knpllallall^n tlkrt, trvilko f-wm hn volilni dnn IcnpltnliRtlAnl dnn.
Kndnr pa bodo delavci vollll sorlnl-
latlCiil ilkoi. lodaj pa bo vol I nl dnn
.vont<il velopomombon dolnvuld dnn.
Tn ^ni. nl v** tnko rlnlf* nwii «r.
nApro-vtaiio) Kakor bllro ao do lavcc
prav zavo avojega |iololaJa iaCno gift-
aovatl za uoclnllstieon tlkot.
Na tlftofle dolnvcov Jo uaAlo pravo
pot. Na Mfioco Jib prlhnjn tin to pot
dan na dan! '
—————————-■ -—  . ■ 7 _t
than, three children   under   fourteen
,i -j, ' ■
years, payable weekly.   It is estimated,^
that the pensions will amount to about-;
$266,000. ."   '".'--'   ' -7 ,  :
There are"approximately 25,700 vyld- '
ows of all ages, of which S,5ui. are be- '\
tween the ages of 20 and 55; 6,300 between the ages of 55 and 65, and 10,900
65 years and over.     These last, are -
qualified by age for the old age pensions, and therefore can be left out of
consideration for purposes of calculation: '
«>-
i WONDERFUL OISGOVERY
>        	
An eminent scientist, the other day,
gave his opinion that the most won-,
derful discovery of recent years was
tbe discovery of Zam-Buk. Juat
think! As soon as a single thin layer
of-Zam-Buk Is applied to a wound or\
a sore, such Injury is Insured against
blood poison! Not one spccie3 ot
microbe bas been found that Zam-Buk
does not kill!
Then again. As soon as Zam-Buk
Is applied to a sore, or a cut, or-to'
skin disease, it stops the smarting.
That is why children are such friends
,of Zam-Buk. They care-nothing for
the science of tho thing. All they
know ls that Zam-Buk stops their
pain. Mothers should never forget''
this. v ■ "'
Again.   As soon as Zam-Buk is applied  to, a .wound 'or to a diseased*,
part, the colls beneath the skin's sur-'
face    are  ' so    stimulated  that new
healthy tissue'Is.quickly formed. This"
forming of fresh healthy tissue from »
ficloto Is Zaiu-Buk's secret oi healingj.'
The tissue thus formed is worked up,
to the surface' aud literally casts off,
the diseased tissue above it.   This ia_
why Zam-Buk cures are permanent.
Only the other.day Iilr. Marsh, o£ -.
101 Delorimier Ave., Montreal, called,
upon the Zam-Buk Co. and told them
that  for  over   twenty-five   years  he;
had been a martyr to eczema.   'Hla'
bands were at one time so covered ,.'
with sores  that he had  to sleep in
gloves.   Four years ago Zam-Buk was
introduced to him, -and    ln   a   few".
.months It cured him.    To-day—over-,
three years after his cure of a disease
he had for twenty-five years—he la
still-cured, and bas had no trace ot
any return of the eczema!       ?    •■   ■
0 All druggists sell Zani-Buk at 50c.
box, or we will send free trial box,If •
you send this advertisement and a 1c
stamp (to pay return postage).   A*.
dress Zam-Buk Co., Toronto.
DR. FOWLER'S WILD STRAWBERRY
Bo sure to guard against the ills, of August
weather.    Thoy come frequently ywith changey
'" i'GOf_7"air andTIrfiilang water, causing dread .
.summer complaint.   7'    - ■•   . y ,;'■''
Dr. Fowler's Wild Strawberry-
is a veritable life saver.    Keliovcs colicvpahiSi, „
^ stops cli.-irrhoca and quiets abdominal  pains.
A  popular and effective   remedy.   ■
35 cents the bottle
Bleasdell's Drug Store
DRUGS AtfD STATIONERY, PERNIE, B.C.
HOSMER
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
Limited
Let us know your wants.
 '    '     '    '' - f	
All Orders  Receive Our  Careful
Attention.
C. E. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
22  7HE    A A aifi«ki8B4
Home B an _> Canada
A DOLLAR ON DEPOSIT
ii'
A young "Hiii might licsilntc about coining tn llio .tuul. with a
(•poult of juftt mm <l»Hiir to open »i Siivioi,* Account.     Vet n Unnlt
N'a ykxUakI »fcd.iiiJ.-R.i rmprori-tn IhIi- j ,,
ko trdlmo, <la nam no bo trtihn v««i<"<in Iwvp no better riKM-t t.ii.n n n.ui.m>r of rhviiktm nccotint-i will) hui
(U>Ik» i<>^<tili k(> mh lio <l(*lavittvo wjved-1 , , .
lo   In   naredllo volilni dM-d«tavifc!J !,,',0,w y°m« men
A*n.
Full coiiipomid JiitcccHt in paid on .ill maviiiki.
l i
i ticpnMti. of one riollnr jiik! npM'nnls.
Electric Restorer forMen:HAari
Pho«nhnnof wi«-i-»r?i.r?. inth»h&tf ■ n.iM.u
*.«»t4 -tultiT. rttmumAtttr«r»ilill_<i«tt_| *-/l,,***;
.. THnnphifal wll
tttiait.  tiMiM »t «m<*.    .   ... „ ..
mkcy»,u »-!«■• rrm.   J'flc» l.» tvn, «, («• f-t '
\    M*;!. H.»n.».Wr«.    T-t*»«(lb«U (I/O/ !
TORONTO
J. T. Macdonaid, Manager, Fernie,
WnnthPi unit CTnnedfona
throtif hout CtiUbda
f \ 'll
• ".I -»fi -5 %
.., ,.'>!  7.'. y '•• ' y, y. v ,*$' ' y •'     7    .   y  ' ..•-   s .
- ' y y H'*«?5 tf^ii- ^x
7^77^
1" *■■>■;■■ ■ " "■
W&i^&&~:Z'*%gry}
• /*  '   vy. .-V-7-^    ■■"•Sr^-T-.Siki^i- %^y., yry^ryS y Vr ■■ .* : ;y .■v\.^\5f«^;fc;4^7'7->
-• ., -'7>y7""-J_ "*!".'7 V77iyV, 77' "Tyy-,"',.. C '""-'7*77,'"'.V.*,_; CIV" 77     •" 7    "--77>7;;fy7r. 7"7y'7y; 777".
ri>
PAGE EIGHT
The Weather; ManySaysZy
Now.   You'll' ^
This isUnderwearWeek\ at "The7Big StoreX'S- WtTrXlTine is CdmMete, Ssk^ifigallM^XB^st
Makes in All Wool and Fleece Lined Garments.    Pu^WoolMg^
Men's Pure Wool Underwear
■ ..;."■ ?
We,are showing the greatest variety of all-wool Underwear this season ever seen in the district."
Every.man has a preference for some particular make; we,have all of the best makes represented
in our stock, so you can come here with the assurance of getting tlie kind' you want, also the size.
Note the-following:   • '■••."        , ■"      '-   --•■-'' y.
Staafield's Unshrinkable
This line is guaranteel unshrinkable and absolu*
' tely pure wool; made in two pieces, in white', grey
and black.   Price $1.25 to $2.00 per garment.
Penman's Natural Wool Underwear
This is the Winter weight (double-breasted).and
is unshrinkable.    Price $1.25 per garment. .,
^__„__. .. "      f
Watson'? Underwear for Men
This Underwear has been one of our best selling '
.lines:     Comes in natural and white, all sizes.
Prices range from $1.25 to $1.75 per garment.
Gold Fleece Underwear
The man who wants the best that money can buy,
' will have this line; always reliable, and is guarant-
eed pure wool.     Ask to seethis line.
Dr Jaeger's Pure Wool V.
,.-    ' \y ,-    ..
.Everybody knows Jaeger goods. -- "VVe'have th?
exclusive agency for this line and our stock' is complete. Jaeger two-piece Underwear (winter weig it)
double breasted.   • Price $3.00 per garment. • ;
Wood's Heavy All-Wool Ribbed, Underwear   -
. This Underwear will appeal ° to .the   man   who ■
works outside.    A good, lieavy,' unshrinkable Underwear; all sizes'.    Price", $1,00 per garment.... ,"
I ,   *- L. '^ i
Turnbull's Oitu Underwear
i »i
< For the man^vvho wants a very soft, thick, pure
wool Underwear, guaranteed" unshrinkable. This
is the best on tlie market. Price $2.00 to $3.00 per
garment.       ... , ■.
Men's Fleeced^ Lined
Underwear
SEE THE DISPLAY IIT OUR WINDOWS
New Fall Ladies' Tailored Costumescare remarkably stnail effects in worsteds, tweeds and serges,
$10.00 to $35,007- „  '
-'in
Ladies' . New    Coats,   beautifully designed in
tweeds, blanket  cloth and chinchillas, $9.50 to
$28.50.  -       .
Misses and Children V garments in all the .latest
styles and cloths. $2.00 to $25.00.
LADIES'  READY-TO-WEAR DEPARTMENT  . ''.."'-
'A; shipment of I_aclifcs .high-top Walking'Shoes.,
' has just arrived.     These come in tan' and Black.'
•"" !3ce these.if you want something very,stylish for
fall wear. -     .       ' "     •' ' "," .       .,y -
■   We always have the best'lines in Fleece-Lined
Underwear.    If you are sensitive and'wool under- „ ;
.,wear irritates you,' try our finest fleece; you will- ^
find it warrii and comfortable.  • We handle only   - .
" the very best fleece manufactured.     , .. •.-'   -,
*V t   *      ,        - ' > ' ' , '
• • '       1 *■ ,\. *      «. »
r    y, Natural Color Fleece ..   -
This is our most popular seller; it,meets the ro-,. '•■
"quirements of th^ working inari."   A good heavy"
, "garment; all 'sizes, at' $1.25 per suit;      . y I \'    •">. ,,
y - Dark Grey Fleece,      ,      ^
If you are a miner or need a'dark colored-Under-,'.'
wear, try our Dark Grey ..Fleece., "This is one' 01.   ,'-
- ' the' finest fleeces' made; all tsizes, 75c. pep garment.
/<- ■*,■■>''       '      _
. v •.'.'•-    ."'.'     \ -'-■   ' '*        •   7,
x'^   ' "1    Blue Fleece ,     ;.      7
.'   This line is very'heavy and-in a light blue color •' •
with white f leece^lining; all sizes,,75c.per'garment.
^4 turd Ay specials y
v- '. : ^  X '".r*" W OUR ■' --.'-. 7 ; V'. ;
Grocery Department;
t.. ^ ..■
V
Lima Beans, 3 lb..for _.•.-..'..-' ..'
• Mrs.- Stewart's Liquid Bluing; 2 for .....;. 7;,
, Shredded Wheat" Biscuits, ,2-for .. r..— ;..
".Toasted Corn;Flak'es, 3 pkg." for	
Braid's Best Coffee, freshly ground; 2 lb. for
7Lowhey's Cocoa,,1/2 lb^tin ... .&.........77.
"Lowney's Bakinig;-Chocolate, % lb. ....
Heinz Tomato Catsup, pts. ■ v ......,
Bird's Custard Powders, 2 fpr ........
Eggs,; 3 dozen for.'...,. .7
King Oscar .Sardines, 2 tins for;; ..;....-.
;25 :
',25 /.
.25
.25 ,
.85
.20 ^
..    .20y
..' -.25;;'
.■. '•' ;25''.
. .$1:60 !
..  ,.25',.
5'"
MILLINERY SECTION,,        .   ,
Our Ladies' New Fall Hats, all the latest'French
aud American styles, $2.75 to $21.50.    .    ,'.   '
Mens Pure Wool
Combinations
We'carry men's Combinations in both open~and
v •       ^ -' „   -
0closed crutch style,' in the two best makes known to
the trade.   . Note'tliis':, ICnit to Fit'Manufacutring
° Co., and the^Watson Manufacturing Co., make Combinations that-are guaranteed to fit and not shrink,
'" and they- cost no'more than the inferior makes.' Try
one of these .makes and have the best.. •, ■■ X-
Sheriff's Grape juice,.qts "•_••••• -• •' • •;"   -50
.C. and B: Red Currant Jellyi lib. 'glass, 2 for  '.45-;
- Upton |s'Jam'; 5; lb. pails ....-,......' '.    .50' _
, PendrayV Ly'e,~ 2. tins for  .'..'.'..' 7    .15. '
'' Sheriff's"'Marmaiade,'.l.lb. glass, 2 for . .:..'.&'
Crystal ard,, 5,1b..-tins  ..'...'..... .■".'. .'.■. ;'\.    .85
Jlincemeatj 1 \by pkg. -7. _. .s .7 ........'.. 7   .10 '"
Mincemeat, 5 lb. pail  . Ir '........ I.';...,   .70"
Colombo Olive Oil, % gal. ....■'.....-...-: 1. .$1.10 .
' Queen Quality Sour and Chow,Pickles,.20 bz.    .25
1 Beechnut .Peanut Butter, each ....".' .;.■..".. 7    .25 ■
White Swan-Laundry Soap, 12 bars .........    .45
Armour's White Laundry Soap, 6 bars'.... y .25 -
Snap Hand Cleaner,'2 tins for ,.."'..,. :.l.. .'7 .25
Toilet Soap,'regular 30c.', 35c and 40c.n boxes .'   '.
per box ...'........ '•....... "•"". -^ .'' '-..25-.
Gold Standard Tea, 3 lb. tins, each ...'.. 7.".'.$1.00\
Special Blend Bulk Tea, 3ilb. for-'.-.... .'■'.. ~.$1.00
Marafat Peas, 2 pkg.for-. ...".•.>.'....,,•... .'.*/ ".25 "
TRITES-
COUNTY COURT SESSION
■ In the County Court yesterday which
was the first sitting of the Court since
June, Judge Thompson disposed of
quite a number of crises that have been
standing over, Two men,that are held
for assault elected to bo tried beforo
I-Iis, Honor on the ?,0ll. Inst. An appeal from the Policy ilaglstrato was
dismissed oh a technicality. Another
appeal from a conviction by a Now
^Michel juslico of the poace convicting
. John Urbnzo for supplying Honor lo an
Interdict was quashed and the fine of
one hundred dollars nnd costs must bo
paid back, .Mr.' Macnell acted Tor the
appellant.
Tho case of Grifllths    v.   Johnson
which was an action for notes outlawed by lho statute of limitations, hut of
which Ukji'o waa an ucliiiowludgonient,
was settled out, of court,
"      The «uhp of Urbnz v, fin 11, which has
beon tlm subject, of som^ considerable
iiprlmoiiinm. llllt-_.ilkm, wns trlci'l nnd
IHb Honor Hinted thnt. ho would give
judgment for thn plaintiff,   A. l.Inoin'11
acted fni'tlio plnlntlff   aud    Messrs,
I.mwo anil l-'lshcr t'ni' it!" ilofniuhint.
SPECIAL MEETING OF     '
THE CITY COUNCIL
A. special meeting of lho City Council' was held on Thursday evening with
Mayor Bleasdell In tho chair, all the
aldermen, with the exception of Aid.'
Broley, being present.
Jas. Wood, the janitor, received an
Increase of ?5.00 a month.
Miss Maude Stockton, of Medicine'
lint, a debonluro holdor, who lost her
Interest coupons, ls to receive duplicate ones, c.i hor signing a bond of in-
domnUy to the city.
,200.00 was donated lo thc Ladles'
Honovoleut Society,   ,
The City. Cleric was Instructed to
sond'a statement of the cose of con-
slnif'lion of the Knlry Creok Bridge to
the Provincial authorities as it Is understood they will share half the expense. 0 i'
After other routine business had
beon. disponed nf the mooting adjourned.
VETERANS' CONCERT
Statement of Receipts and Expenditure
' RECEIPTS
Collected by C, N. P. Coal Co,,
,by check-off ,  $187.00
Collected by Mrs. Robt. Duthic •     ■
sale of tickets  T...t 24.00
Miss Skllllng, sale of tickets ..'   7.50
Members of Veterans' Brigade,
. salo of tickets  100.00
Collected during concert/     10.00
Donation, Anonymous,   Winnipeg '., JOO.00
BIG NELL FOUND.
POLICE COMMISSION
In tlio County Court hold here yoKtcr
day, Ills Honor Judgo Thompson dis-
mlHsed Willi costs llio appeal of the
lloboitson boys from tlio decision nf
tlio Pollco Maglstrnlo, who had couvlcl-
cd tliem of having wilfully broken
somo windows belonging to Mr, Philip
CnroBolIn,
A THURSDAY MORNING DLA2E
Albert Davis, who Hyoh'oii tlio N0WI1
sldo of Hio Kovcrnniont Road nnd ox-
tri-mc end of Ferule 'Annex, a short dis-
'tauce from Knlry Creek, had the hiIh-
foriiiiio on Thursday morning nt nbout
fi o'clock to Kce his house nnd conlontH
com pint dy dfitroyod li>; fire. The
loss, nbout $|."00, Is partly covernd by
Insurance,
A meeting of tho Police Lommlssloii,
Mayor Illuasdell, Ald.'tirown, nnd (I,
'!. MnffiiH, met lnat night nt 7 o'clock,"
at which It wns decided to instruct tho
Chirr of Pollco to nee that, the regula.
lions coniiiclllni,' burn lo close prompt
at IB midnight on SiUurdnyn, bo strict-
ly (,'iiforced,
Mayor MlouHdoll returned to the city
011 Friday evening last,
Chief Minty has relumed from a
short holiday lo lho sulphur baths up
tlio Klk lllver, nnd reporth having hud
n Kcent llnic.
'Clio Civilian Rifle Ahh.>cI..IIoii will
hold tlielr annual sliool on Hundiiy
nost nt 0 o'clock, Cash prbes and
tliu.o cups,
'    Total  $52S.ri0
13XPI3NDITUR13
Kent of hnll    $,23.00
Freo Pross   '   1G.B0
District Ledger      20.75
Charles Percy, accompanist
(icorgo Gould, scene shifter
Wm, Hawthorn, posting bills
Total .,
J.Mlnneo on
hand
0
00
.    «
.00
.      8
.00
.$ 71
,25
.  4C2
,2."»
William Nell, whose disappearance
was reported In but'last-.week's Issue,
lias now been heard of. . He wrote to
a" friend In tlio city, also working at
the Brewery, from Chicago, and from
lho meagre'' Information'' to''hand lt
would appear that this is anothor case
of lost Identity. As far as Is,known
Nell does not recollect having left
Fornlo until tho time of ills writing.
Camp News
• •' ■
. ' .(Continued from' pago 5)
FOOTBALL C. N.' P. LEAGUE
$1.2!.. r.u
I Mr. N. M. llanaford, of (Ihlcngo,
MmmiUM'p for Prof. Wm. B, Putty, hi In
town making arrangomonlB for n demonstration in tako placo on or about
N'j.veiiibor M, of Radium, Liquid Air,
und vYlrulPKH Tolcgniphy Judging
from the support ha has beon promised
a large attuiidiuice Is tissurod, Tho
entertainment Ih replete with export-
niontH and the Fernio public are to ho
congratulated on tho prospects of linv-
Ing such nn Instructive lecture lu tho
city.
Conl Creek nnd Hosmer met In the
flnnl'of the Mut/, Cup on Saturday,
Sept. M, at. Pornlo. beforo a largo
crowd of spectators. Coal Crook won
tho toss and set Iiosmor to faco tho
sun. ITosmcr had lho'best of a
strenuous first half, but tho rival defences wore vory safo, the scoro nt
half tlmo being 0—0, It was expected
that Ilo-irnor would show oven bottor
with llio sun nt tholr .backs, but weak
forward piny on tholr pnrt spoilt lots
of chaiu'eo. The Crook wore the bost
tonm this half and only fine work by
lJosmor's goallo and backs kept, the
rod nnd whites out, Tho whistle
soundln's villi the Creek pressing'hard
and the scoro reading 0—0, Tlio up-
decided final will bn played off to-morrow at Fernio,    Kick off nt 4,30 sharp,
1
FERNIE ALPINE CLUB FORMED
Intrepid 7 oxplorerii and mountain
(•Umbel h Jiuvo now or^anl/oil iheniHol.
yen In 11 club to bo known as the Pernio
Alpine Club, the now organization soo-
int. um ngiii ul ilitj un Sunday 011 tlio
.*>,'.,.,,..(.'   .IL   , HI.   -Itlllv.  ,S'i,1.t.lA  withiittili..,
Th« (./'onsors rotifil-iN1-. of .1 pnrty of
-debt, iiamclir. fieri WhlmBtor, IlorV)
Iilpbnrrtt. Dr find Mrs, Anderson, MIhh
Hogan,   Miss  Mott,  Chief   Hall   nnd
Vii.iir, imi ti,       Vivpai Auutin l\)X tins i\n-
tent to pbiy nn Instrument suitable for Urai-waro rnado tho dny previous, nnd
such an organlaailon nro ranuoat«d to, at r..r, Huiulny mornlnfc thoy loft tlio
Hj Northern Tloto).    Klecllons w<>ro bold
„Tliti l.iulloH' flulld of Christ Church
will bold n dollcfitcHHcn sale on Rtilur-
day, Sept. 21 (nt'leriioon), Hpoclal nt-
l-'iilloii I|iih been glvon to tlm candy
table nnd lea room, All are cordially
Invited.
MUt.lC.ANft WAKt UP
Mr. C. Dlcnstro, tbo conductor of tho
city llimd, Is now busy vvitn tlm forma*
tlon of a concert, bund for noxt Bciison.
\11    11,,,.^      ,,,!,,.    f, r.1    (1,,,.,,. 1,.    .,    , ^   ..,
Inspector of CiihlnniH, 11. v, Orahani,
spent a fow days hero during tho wook,
-.Uns \\. Minige, who wns orlglni-lly
i.iliiiryf.ii   titt'i,   .>Ut:m|)li;u     llUllliCl1     «U
lTagstoiic, boo had the tiinrft; reduc-
o.J to ono of "nbootlnR witb nDrmpt to
main," and will appear boforo Judgo
Thompson nn Hep), no.
Tho nth Annual Dull In connection
with the Uobekah Society will bo hold
on Roptcnibor 2<lth In tlio Victoria Hall,
Refreshments nnd Ioob served. Ad-
mission $2 n couplo,
The (liHt Annlvorsnry Sonvlco of Uio
Rebel-lib Order will ba nold 011 Sunday
evening nl 7.II0, All sUlors nnd brothers are requested to moot at'tho IC,
P. Mall ut , and tnko pnrt In tbo pro-
(thmIoii to the Mothodlst Cburcb,
Chief Inspector of Mlnos (Irahnin,
wns In town dnrhig tho weok,
A LIFE SENTENCE
Ur, Mills, who Iiiih a re.m.niH.11 »»
.Ut   ilUi/iUlii)    vlfl    \*<ji.tJiU'   x-fiifilillfltlU,
6.0'u that this U likely to be tbo first
<•'. ntxwt twenty wot nomsons. This is
diinipcnlng one's onlluialnim for llfo
In oiimeHt.—-Edmonton Journal.
who cared to partake of the festivities.
Congratulations, Nick, and'' may you
both be happy. •.' ' -^ ^ „
. Whilo'-Trltes Wood's team was in tbe
vicinity of Morriasey Cottages on Tuesday night something startled the
horses, causing thorn to. tear loose.
Fortunately thoi". were.net many children playing' around, and the driver
escaped with a shaking, but a feline
creature belonging to a family In Mor-
rlssoy Cottages hnppohed tobo ln tho
way, and'after aid'had boon secured,
alas! poor pussy was no moro. No
cards or flowers, by request,
Jack Cnufleld, flroboss In No, 1 Knst,
had tho misfortune to bo caught' by a
hoist, losing two of his flngors, ho was
conveyed to hospital, whero ho Is doing
ns well ub can bo expected.
Poto Joinson, employed ln No, 5
mlno, lacornted his flngors on Tuesday,
September 17th, '
Whllo 'Jack Drow, employed as a
minor In No, 1 East, was fixing somo
timber In his plnco, and Iri shifting
back, slipped, nnd tho nxo foil on him,
calming 11 deep Incision on thc forehead. After being nltonrted -by Br,
Workman bo wnn able to proceed
liomo,.
Tlio summer tournaments at the
Club terminated on Saturday, tlio following being llio winners;
Billiards: I, T. Ratcllffe; 2, n', Ollv-
or; 11, J. Shanks; 1, J. Lnngdon,
Pool;   J, I>, pilvcr; 2, J, Lniigdon.,
Sovou up:    1, U. Hiu'iiso'ii; 2, W,
Aghow.
Crlubngo: 1,1), Bennett; 2, J, Davis.
WomlnooH;   1, O. Crabbo; 2,... Ferguson,
Snap:   1, J. PorBiiHon; 2, J. Wolr.
Quoits:   1; J, McCnrtney; 2, J. Pox,
Tlio tonm selected to play Hosmor
for MuU Cup at Pernio on Bnturdny,
Supt. 21st, 1IM2, nro:   (.lonl, Banns; T.
OulUcyinul J, MclAilchlo; A. McFegan,
W, Pnrnftll nnd J, Ynles; J. Patterson,
tt. Jolinstono, W, McKognn, T. Mnrtln,
unit H, Smitii,   Kcuurves;   A, liowilcn
nnd J, Logan,    Team   to   leave Coal
Crcfk on 8,45 train.   Kick off 4.30 p.m,
3 mountain rats, - 2 chipmunk,' and 1
woodpecker,   y      " '    "
Mr,', Joseph Summers , and Mrs. J.
Crlppen were united In the bonds of
holy ' matrimony "on Tuesday" last.
Many are the wishes for;their future
happiness. -        _     ■ '*     ■
Sam Lee has thirty St.'. Andrew
Burgs' canaries for sale. ■ ■ Good songsters. Anyono needing a mcdoUous
alarm .should write him for prices.
Win, Savage, alias tho "Rooster.'^ar-
rived back in camp Wednesday night
from tho Brazeau. country, where ho
has been working for somo tlmo. Bill
gives glowing accounts of that country
and lis future, Quite a largo numbor
of the boysfro'in the Pass are up thoro,
amongst them being' Sinallnmn, who Is
cultivating, according to Savage, a Kal-
llfcpel pippin, '    v.,
Mr. G, U, Stoadnion, of the, Hotel
Kootenay, New Mlchol, Is out hunting
blir Knm<? In tho Corbln country,'  .
[11 our hist Issuo ln the Michel notos
wo. Inndvortoatly omltcd to mention
tlmt Thos. G. Haines war. nominated
for District Board Mombor.
The Celebrated Richard^
son Ball-BeaVing Skates
are Used. Exclusviely in;
the Fernie Roller Rink.
communicate with tbo conductor.
Is also understood that employ ment
will bo found In and around tbo city
for nil members of the prospective
band.
DRUQ 8TOREB TO CLOBE AT 6 p.m.
Tho Ioc»l flrugfliM* have detldwl
that, commencing with Monday. 8*jit.
23rd. titty will clone tholr establUh-
menu each evening at ft p.m. and all
day flnndny. In rnito pf necessity.
_.6wev*r. «nyon» of tliem will gladly
make up a prescription st sny time.
on Um mimmlt, nnd result ed In Ilert
WlilniKter bolng chosen ns president,
nnd Mr«. Andorsnn xorrotnrv, Miss
llognn, Mrs, Anderson, nnd Mis* Molt
hnvo Mif dlHtlnrtlon of tit-inr, tbo first
l/idkii to R'lifb tlio summit ot tbo Slaters, nert Wlilmster and nr fend Mrs
Ander«on aro members of iho Canadian
Alpine CUb.
I). Michel, of Conl Creek, hns recclv-
ol tils diploma for thn Antomoblle Itnn-
nlng Courso wllh 1h» International Cor
respondonco Schools. '
Ladies, Attention!
Mrs. Coltou lias now tm disjiluy her nc\V lino of
FALL AND WINTER HATS
Mnny limn._ft.l crcntions nmoiic thorn.     She extends a cordial invitation to all lho IikKgh.
MILLINERY PARLORS
Upstao-s, Liphardt Block
r*
I«entte
'tfWWV^.
MICHEL NOTED
(Hold over from Inst wook)    .
Ilert Dnvls and Tom Mcdovorn arrived back lu Ciimp Wcdnesilny night
from n bunting trip at tho bead of Limo
and fc.wln Creeks, bringing back with
thorn one ram and ono timber wolf.
Qaiwc was plentiful, buj. owing lo tbo
stormy weather was UaVd to get. -
MoMira Carpenter, Hlllmnn and
RomIUt who were alto buntlnut in that
vicinity, taUtu In Monday nl«bt, and, at
usual, wer* loaded down wltb game.
Tholr bag <onslKt<.d of the following;
Classified Arts,--Cent a Word
VIOLIN LES80NB
Jlr, V, DoBtnbollo wlshosto Inform
prospectlvo students of the violin that
ho ls open to receive 11 fow moro pupils.   Apply "t the IhIs Theatre.
LOST—A flold nrooel. wllh Scotch
pebble fiotlln.., between Mulrhead's
residence and O. N, Track in Wost
Fornlo, Howard rIvoii If velurned to
NV. 11. Multlicnd, Shoo fltore.
TO LKT—SU-Iloomcd IIoupo, piped
with sprlnpt water, In Coilnr Vnlloy.
Flno location; shods and cbleken
houso; aero of (.round, Kltclion
rntiRO nnd bedsteads for sale. Inquire
nt Mrs,,_"nrll8lo, on jiremlsos.'
■ --: 'i'-^i,
ff^fSp^yyki^X'l^yM
Thp Most Cheerful Amusement
in Town
Opon 7.30 to 10.
Sat. 7.30 to 10.30
Admission Free, Skating 25c,
qvAP—Two-rnnmrnl >Tnusp: plnster-
od; water ln. ' Also two fltovoB, beib
stonds, etc, Lot 30 x 120; »10l) hnnd-
las; balance terms. Apply, ll, M>,
LodRer Ofl Ico, <
KOR PIAI-.K—10 Acres ln the'Isle of
Pines. Cuba, tract I'd, section 17; j»rJ«o
;:M0; I137.S0 down; balance to bo paid
throo fjqiial* Instalments. Apply \y.
Nutter, nollcvuo, Altn.
FOlt SAL13—rnt't m )t 132) of tlio
Norlh-IOiiHt portion of Lot 4, Block 2,.of
Lot O'lGR, Wost I'Vriilo. Apply, Ilox
1187, Ti'nll, n. C.
LOST—Ono sorrol Pony; welwlit
nbout 800 lbs.; white face iind ono bind
foot; mnno trimmed; branded on loft
shoulder "V"; $20 Kovanl. F, Hutch-
In hod,. Mlchol, II. C. .. C-tlt.
KOH    BALTS-FURNITUIlIa    of    8
roomed bnusn; rnlnc rhenn owlnr lo
parly lnnvlni. town,    Atiply, Fawcott, •
conior HanHon nnd MoPhorson Avon*
tios, 44
8TOnB FOR 8AT.T3-Doing n first-
(Ihm. \niftli.(:i» In Crult, vcxeUbtca, confectionery, stationery, bread And cakes,
hold Hu««lwo(Hl Ich Ct'(.un. ti_.*...t;>;
havo soda fountain and gaiollno light*
ins urstom: also horso and rln; )S00
cash will handle this. Apply, Hop-
wood's Storo, Ilox 2, New Michel, Tt, G.
FOR _JALK.~-redtgvac Alccdald Tcv-
ri«rt from flout Imported stock. W.
W. Parnell, Fornlo, B.C. a-Bt
FOIl SALro-rClinmplon podlffroo
Toy Yorksblrn Terrier Punnloa; <"*•
oeedlngly Kinall; tuo, months old;
from tlio beat Imported stock. Also
aire to tho nbovo nt stitd to approved
bitches; nctuiil weight 3<4 'lbs,; long,
silky coat. Tor particulars regarding
samo apply to Ilox G02, or to vlow at
M. llllloa'a, Weit Fm\\n. Mt
WANTICO A tiUtL for ^mt%\
housework. Nono undor 18 need apply.   Applr, Sfra. Mult, Tho Broworr.
?25 nBSWABD-Strarod, light buy
jure, 3 years old, branded "J" on
I'Uht ulioulili-., aliQwa cauatJccabla
Clyde, shaded light on belly. Return
to M. H. Fallon, Ilootvllle, D.O,   4-2t.

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