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The District Ledger Dec 16, 1911

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,:   fiadustriai :,Unity ib .Strength]
V?/ ■n-t,*-Vi
:.The Official Organ of.District(No.l8.U:.M. W. of A.
/y.T- * ■      ,,-t,. -. "i i , y ■     I    j ■,;.•-..' ,-. ~,
9h . 3£$
Political Unity is Victory
THE DI8XBICT LEDGER, FEENIE.B.C, DECEMBER 16, 1911
"$1.00 A YEAB
SUICIDE IN
"jy
Wm. Builen Does Away
I With JimseM 1
Saturday Night
NOTICE TO MINE WORKERS
;- Men.are urged to7stay, away
from Eastern. BritishlColumbia
and Alberta. ." There, are hundreds who have not yet commenced to work since the set-
tlement of the strike.
lar," and the Gaumont Graphic No. €8
in, "The World's Happening Day.by
Day-'.:       " \     :, - -  ,-    .
■ ,TThe ^tragic death of William Bullen
, came as a'shock to the local communi-
;,.ty on-'Saturday: night last."     r  . v1
The motive: for •'• Bullen "taking hla
, own life has.not. been' accounted^ for
,  yot," and  in all 7 probability it'v will
^remain a mystery. -The weapon, a
' Colt's" forty-four revolver, and one
''shell he had borrowed',,off '■•&' friend
"/the same day."-^ . }■_. - ;/,''7 i •
-..' -A ahot had been heard on the fatal
, night'.about eight o'clock by some of
v the neighbors, but nq^significance was'
, - attached to tbe circumstance until "the
following morning,". when an-Italian
\ neighbor, passing tbe little shack; dis-
y covered the stark'and stiff body of the
^ young man lying upon the snow.'
' "William Bullen1 had been- living with
- two companions, named Atkinson .and
.Knight, until a, short time-ago when
7 tbe two companions had secured work
, in<the'mines'and had gone to board,
'" leaving youngrBullen-,to-bacb alone in
the'shack>y*' '7    .'Br-.-< -\"        "'
.Bullen had gone to work as a driver,
"'• at theSCo"ar*Creek".mlnes.a few days
_ ago. \   'l''
,-'..'  -He had been dead a long time' when
7 Dr. Anderson and Coroner Bleasdell ar-
-- rived on, the. scene, upon" notification
from Chief Bowen" to, whom"the Italian
''bad at once.reported his ghastly find.
\\ cThewarmth.of the'body had"thawed
^he/hard-paGked-'snbw*up6n,-wbichTbe
,   PAY DAY :..-
The'Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. will
pay in wages to-morrow $47,000. The
company has decided not to deduct
from the men'sBwages this month either, for rent', or water taxes. As the
mien only started,to work on the'20th
November they are only receiving ten
days'-rpay.   ". *y .' "    ,7   ,      ,'
; ■;••.- ; . Y. M.''A. A. , -7 "
" The: Young Men's Athletic Association has started their winter session,
and' mean business. - A juvenile class'
has" been inauguarated and r- mothers
might let their youngster "do worse
than? join, the only,) disadvantage for
tlie" parent is that the youths develop
at-such a rapid rate (we are quoting
from a member's statement) that It
is found necessary to buy suits several
sizes too large to allow for the muscular growth. Most of those young men
you see walking.around the town with
a soldierly .bearing' and a-bright, clear
eye are members of the association. It
is sure the stunt, boys, for the winter..
Fee, is nominal,whlleevery accomodation for*, physical training [ is obtainable.-    Look ln''o'ne'night* '   "  °
DISPUTEAWARD
~JC"
-../;-
Conciliation Board Practically Unanimous
on Their Award in Alberta Coal
Company's Trouble
~ K * • '     .       .  y y. ' ,     *M    '
FULL  TEXT  OF  TEE AWARD
COUNCIL MEETING
laid, i leaving a, distinct Impression of
arms," legs, body and-head to mark the
-spot where- he;, bad:;fallen upon' "his
. back-when the", leaden ball- plojwedjts
way ..through- the heart.-*-7. /,-'r. ><-vi
William Bullen was ab"out726 years"
old and^,leaves, a brother now^living
at Merritt, B. C, and'.a married bIJb-
' ter Jn Vv>Bt 'VunUf.' : *" ■ /,: ^I'-^r
;   Coroner BieaBdeh did not deem It
necessary to hold an inquest, as the
i-evidence all points to self-destruction.
■_ The funeral will take place on Sun-
• day afternoon next, nt 4 o'clock, from
tho undertakers', Thom'pBon and Morrison.' ',    i ',       ''
.'A regular meeting of the Fernie City
Council was\held*last night/; 7 "'
i A. "Sutherland,"- holier inspector, -reported he bad inspected the boilers at
the- City,'Hall and '■ found ."everything
THE   1318
|y
tt
< Tho films now being shown.at this
popular picture houao aro deserving of
oxrended patronago,. Ao promised,
Manager Miller has given some educational pictures, such as "David Cop-
porfiold,"' for' inBtanoe/ Such, pictures aro well worth seeing, and mpro
CBpof-lolly so for children. The musto
rendered Is also much out of tho common, both ln selection nnd rendition,
The programme for to-night, to-mor
row (niatlnoo and evening) Js ns follow: "David and Goliath," a beautiful colored Patho Bibb picture;
"Breach of Faith," a romantic drama;
. Mutt and Jeff In the "Bad lfalM)jl
.' The city employees will^be paid on
the 23rd inlrfy-yy7 -y  - -v' ,-
- The -nominations of .candidates >tor
the annua}, municipal ejections-will-be
•jjbeld on January.8, and7if ^.ballot wlir
be. necessary it wlllt.take plftcq, onlJafl-
nary lUh. jThe "Returning.Offloer. will/
be s/w. Barclay.'-,-7:(if~ ,;y- ■' «._
"™Jame8 Stewart complained "to . the
council that Aid, Mclntyre was paying
him 3l"c. per stump,', Thla.be considered underpay,' and remarked that if
Mclntyre looked'after the' city finances as well aa he did his-own, be would
be considered a flrst-claBS alderman.
The Flro Chief made his report, and
was granted a fortnight's leave,of absence, commencing from 23rd Inst. - -
; In future the city will receive 4 percent interest on Ub sinking fund at the
Home Bank instead of 3 per cent as
hitherto.,       7- y -'
" The Crow's 'Nest, Pass Coal Co. for
the sum of one dollar gave tho city
right-of-way for a-road through .-the
Coal Creek Triangle.,
Tho Now York Tribune concludes
that "the election'of Socialist candidates for tho various officers ln tails
Btate, New Jersey nnd Ohio and the
general gains In the Socialist vote
should furnish food for thought to tho
political loaders of tho two old par<
ties."       , -     -
Great .Loss of Life in
Bridge Disaster
\
bt. pnTBitsmma, Dee. n.—it is
bolloved that between 160 and 200 lives have boon lost by tbo collapso of a
railroad brldgo over tlio vVolga Rlvor,
noarJKnitan.
Tho brldgo, wasN in courso of eon-
Btructlon and was filled with workmen
when, without warning, tlio supports
gavo ay and tho men wero proolpltnt-
ed, into tho icy waters,
Pew Bodies Recovered
Only half n dozen bodlon hnvo been
reooverod and tho 'authorities express
the hope that somo of tho mon havo
boon nblo to save thomsolvos by grasping cakes of floating Ice. ,
Troops havo boon dispatched to both
sides of tho river to search for bodlos
and to roBcuo any of tbo men who may
still bo allvo.
TPMPT   TIPATH
cake or coio,
Eloht Men with but Two Tons of Food
Go two Thousand Miles
Blame the los
Pressure of ice againiit^iio wenkenod
supports of the brldgo Ib believed to
havo caused tho disaster. Until a roll
of tho workers is cnllod It can not be
determined bow many were on tho
atructuro at tlio tlmo It fell, '<
Laborers', however, declare that 200
mon woro thrown Into tho rlvor nnd
iuu) hviivw Uiiu imam ol tueiu nave
jit-i'li'bcd.
•    v     '".-',.       .-')*• "■'
Satisfactory    arrangements   • were
made bn .Thursday afternoon of last
weekrin"' Edmonton by the' conciliation board' which was appointed to
arbitrate the difficulty between the op-,
erators and miners at the Alberta Coal
Company's, mineB at Cardiff. The report will be sent to'the minister of
labor.at Ottawa' The members, of
the board "consisted of .Norman* Fraser
of Edmonton, Clement Stubbs, ofBell-
vue,. and'-J. ^ O.' Hannah,. of Calgary.
The following is the Board's' findings :.'' '•'-. "'
To the Minister-of Labor, Ottawa,
In the matter of' "The Industrial Dis-'
. putes Investigation Act,-1907," and
of a dispute between tbe    -•'
Alberta Coal, Mining Co. (Employer)
and t    .'
Miners,   Mine/Laborers and;Others
.       "(Employees)   "  /'
"We, the "undersigned members of
the board, having carefully gone over
the evidence submitted by both parties
and haying'made a thorough inspection of the mines of the above-named
company, and haying investigated tbe
jeages-and-cdnditions-existingTat-other
mines in this competitive field, make
and. submit "to ydu-the following-findings and. recommeBdations: • ,   ,   „
.' "That^all the findings of the.;Board
"as reported on March 4th, 1910, be
carried into 'effect,' together .with the
following provisions^ and further- recommendations:'-..v.-,    '    ■   .;-
■'' "1, General Increase on all present
contract prices for narrow work. -
'"In comparing- tlie present narrow,
work rates-,with similar .work-paid
for. in this competitive field, and in-
vestigtalon of average-earnings    of
miners engaged in this-class of work
at the Alberta Coal Company's- mine,
would recommend .that tbe - yardage
rates remain as at present, except in,
the case of room turning and that this
be increased to $1.25 per yard for
four yards.
Increase;In Present Mining Rate
"2. /Investigation shows that the
average dally earnings of tho contract
miners at this mmo are up i to the
average standard of this field.: Whllo
it is true that retail prices for coal
have advanced during tlie past yoar,
yot from tho statement of tho manager
pf tbo Alberta Coal Co. that owing to
his company being   under   contract,
tboy did not recelvo any advantages
from thia increased prlco, would recommend that tho prosont mining rate
remain-tho same.
Increase In Price ef Timbering
"8,  That tho present prlco of timbering ls reasonable - would rocom-
mend that thoy remain tho same.
Payment for Removing Bone
"4,  Thai! tho recommondtlons of tho
formor board In regard to this matter
bo carried Into effect, and would further recommend that the' price paid bo
42 conts per llnoal yard whoro tho
bono Is over 4 Inches In thloknoss,
Payment for Laying of Track
"6.,. That ns tho payment for laying track Ib Included In tho mining
prlco, would recommend that tbis bo
continued, oxcopt that would recommend that-tho company lay track In
all main baulago ontrlos, nnd lay all
switches.
Increase to Alt Day Laborers of 25c.
"'._ '   '   '   ,   - per-Day.   .-     *   -
."6.- That, the scale of wages, as
per schedule Jattacbed, which has been
submitted by the company since meeting of' the; board;: be accepted, with
the following additions and changes:
-. "Timermen,,?3.25;''Tracklayer8 $2.25.
Payment of Mlnera\Taken From Work-
, lng Face to Perform Company Work.
"7. That as the average daily -wages
for contract miners was found to be
higher than the wages-of underground
day laborers; would recommend that
lyneri a miner is taken'from bis working
place to perform Company work, that
he be paid at the rate of $3.25, per" day
of eight hours, twhile actually engaged
in such.work...      7 . _      ■   •:
Removal
Here and There
LETHBRIDGE—George Hatch was
elected mayor of this city by a majority of 19.
, Jas. Hartley, the livery man of Mac-*
leod, was a Fernie visitor, on Thurp*-,
day last'.1
•|v,V
The Court of Revision met ori Mon-,
day night. There are now; 621 names
on the voters' roll.-   , "
The Lady Mayoress, Mrs. Bleasdell,
was indisposed during the week, but
is now making rapid progress towards
recovery. 7 , ~
of "Water from Working
"    Places r-  .
. -£■»,'-■., *■ --^-p-- ■
""8. Would"-recommend that when
practicable";the Company remove.the'
water' from'the working places, and
when. the\miner/removes the water
when the miner removes water from his
working.place, that be be paid at the
Tate;"oy$S;25^"er""dayTdf~eigh^^
while'actually .'engaged in such work.
' - Relative;to. Pay Day," etc.
- "9. -That;as,it-h'as always been the,
custom at,thiamine for wages-to-be
paid once aTmonth, and bb the present
arrangements-for. piy'-day does not
give sufficient,time to make.up the
operators in tbe coal fields of Southern Alberta, but as,.also, the sum to
be considered as the,minimum rate is
at present made the subject of reference to 'an Arbitration Board between'
the Western Coal Operators', Association and District No. 18, of the United
Mine Workers of America, we would
suggest that the' decision in that case
should be the, basis of settlement in
tbe present .dispute.
-   „ ,     (Signed) NORMAN FRASER
y - Chairman of Board
"" "I agree with'the foregoing reports
with -the follownig provisions:
"1st. That the following be substituted for recommendation.'
. "No. 2. As the miners at a number
of the mnles in this field have already
received slight advances, and as the
market prices bave been enhanced,'
while the mining rate3 have remained
the same, would/recommend that the
mining rate be increased 10 cents per
ton/. • -._-, -s_' , . , ' , ■
7" "2nd.' That the following be added
to' recommendation No. 6: Drivers
—Spike, team, $3.50 per day, 8 hours. •-
In i connection with   the   "monthly-
Herman Myer, cold storage expert,
has returned from bib tour of Europe,
and arrived in the city during the current week". ■, i- , J    *
At the ice carnival "held on Monday
evening last the prizes were carried
off-by Dorothy Henderson, Constable
McLean and Dominique Guzzy.       '   ,
DIST. BOARD
IN SESSION
Many Important Matters
""~':- "'■:, y y:*"y
OififiJiscossion--
'A^H^-vi^r'i'^y I *'
Carter to Appeal
:;■.;-'-"-'V;
^^yy,f?^^uwy^u
A meeting of the DIstrictjExecuUve-v.:*-*^
_   .     .     _      .       -.-'_■!_■ i.i. "ja*,ioifSt
Memorial service for the late,.Mrs.
Mary Ann Baggaley will be held-at
the Methodist Church" in connection
with the morning service next Sunday.
Board was held in Fernie
day and Wednesday last.
, The question of relief to thosemem- s
bers who have not yet commenced
work was one of the matters,that'bad
to be considered by them, and" the
all important question,"of framing a
policy to protect the men that are being openly discriminated against
It was decided to appeal against the'
decision in the Barclay ys. Carter case,
and also to Institute proceedings against Barclay for perjury regarding
certain statements made by him when
givinp evidence in the same case.   .
on, .^^y^l^Sq
WANTED—The Fernie Co-Operative
Society, Ltd.,' wants an experienced
Grocery Clerk*. , Make application by
letter not later than .Dec, 19th.' Ad-'
dress, Box, 664, Fernie. •"
Mrs. S. Jennings,'.of1 the-Waldorf
Hotel, who has been ill for some weeks
was taken to Lethbridge Hospital last
-week" to undergo, special treatment, and
we are pleased to say that at our last
report she was doing real well.^ Her
many' friends throughout the • district
will be pleased to hear of her ultimate"
recovery,
CLOSING   EXERCISES
'-"" The closing exercises of the public
schools will be held in the Central
School next Friday from 10 to 12 a.m.,
and in the.other schools from 1,30 to
2.30 pjn.   , All who are Interested are'.
cordially invited to be present,
.  It is requested that all who intend
starting children to school in January
hand in the children's names to * principal Bruce In order'that-the pupils
may be placed in, classes where they ~
may do the beBt work. \ .
pay-rolls.and issue statements to,employees-prior to pay-day, would recommend' -thaUthe pay-day be on the 10th.
of .each month; the pay period to payday to "cover from the first to
the last of each month, and that statements be issued to the employees at
least three days priori to pay day. -
. "In making the change ln the date
of pay day, we would suggest thatf a
special pay Bhould be 'made covering
the period from the 20th (which" is
tbe present regular date for making
up accounts) to the last of the month,
and that payments for work done during tbis single period immediately preceding the change being mado, should
be made on tbe 10th of tho succeeding
month, making the first regular pay
day on the new date.
Further Demands Submmltted to
Board: ,
(a) Recognition of TJ. M. Wl of A.
agreement with same and cheek-off,
(b) Minimum rato   for   doflciont
placos. ,
Relative to Section A. It ls clear
(bat when the employers aro organized, more harmony between omployor
and ompolyooa Bhould rosult, through
the handling of matters lnr dispute
through tbo Employees' Coramlttoos-
and roprosentntlvefl, than would otherwise result, and we would consldor It
advlsablo that such methods of handling disputes and grlovancos should bo
followed out,
"In connection with tho minimum
rate wo bollovo that somo provision
should bo mado In the case of a minor
performing work which was not anticipated In tho fixing of contract rates, through changes or defleloncoH that
would roduco his earning power, nnd
as this' principle is already acknowledged botweon tho mine workers nndt
pay," It should be noted that while "it
now exists, at - the. Alberta Coal Mining Co.'s."Mlmvthe'employees at moBt
of the'mines iri tbe vicinity, and prac-
tlcaliylall other"ifades;-"are paid semi-,
monthly,' and "my'opinion-ln the, matter is .that tbis.method Bholloyprevail
throughout ..the' pfovlaeei t '"<■". -■*■ '• -•'-'\
"As, however, there is considerable'
agitation to'have this made a-legislative matter,-it is possible that'some
change in.this may be made by legislative action in the near future, thereby avoiding dispute on this account.
'•"'""; -(Signed) C. STUBBS.
-!"- Representative of Employees.
"In the matter of Bcale of day wages, would note an objection to the recommendation of the Board in this
respect, and having carefully considered the scale of wages submitted by
the company, condition of employment,
etc., it is my opinion .that this'scale
submitted is reasonable and fair and
should be adopted at the mine.
(Signed)   J. O. HANNAH,
.    Representative of Employer.
DAY WAGE SCHEDULE
ALBERTA COAL MINING COMPANY
V     Inside Labor   .
Track-layers ..$3.00 per day of 8 hrs
Drivers 3.00 per day of 8 hrs
Hoolcers-on .... 2.75 por day of 8 hrs
Outside Labor
Blacksmith $3.50 por day of 0 hrs
Timber Sawyor  2,60 por day of 9 brB
Box Car Shovollor,, 2.00 per day ot 9
•hrs.
"Cardiff, Alta, Deo, 8th, 1011
"Mr. Geo. S. Montgomery,   Manager
Alborta Conl Mining Co,, Edmonton,
Alta.:
"Sir,—At a mooting of Local Unton
No. 2378, United Mine Workers' of
Amorica, held this day, tho cmployoou
of tho above-nnmod compnny dooldod
to uccopt tho report of tho Board glvon
undor date of December 7th, and nro
willing to work undor tho terms and
conditions  embodied  In thnt report
provided this opportunity Is offered.
(Signed) W. J. WILCOX,
Vlco-rrosldent Local 2378, United
Mine Workers of Amorica,
(See Our Letter Box)
Our local photographer, J. F. Spald-'
ing, informs us that he has made special arrangements, so that those wanting
their-photos for Xnias-'can get them,
so" long as they .Bit for. them on 'or
before,Dec. 21st, and a,lso on account
of "being overstocked with' special
Xmas Style Cards, he'ris making a.; big
reduction in his charges. 'It will pay
you to call and see him. - Studio ls
open every evening until 9 o'clock and
all day Sunday. '• ■
The Fernie Rod and Gun Club calls \ »
the.attention.of-tbe'-public-to-tbe-dateV^
on.which the open season for game
closes, namely on the,j 15th ,of'this -  '
month. -.The law also provides that - ■
no person shall have in bis possession''
any deer or portion thereof after the >-
expiration often days, from the close "' -
of the, season. *, thlB means that ho   '.
person must^ bave, ''in" his' possession 7
any venison on the' 26th oAhe month."'
The club understands that the Game
Warden has received instructions to
absolutely,enforce theBo provisions
this year.
The famous Dixie Jubilee Singers
are coming "to the Methodist Church
on Thursday,' Dec 28. What the Toronto Saturday Night has to Bay of
their concert ln that city: "Tho company is one of tbe strongest ot its
kind ever heard here and includes a
mixed soxtette'and-a splendid male
quartette. Tho solo work was above
tho average, showing somo unusual
voices. The program was enthusiastically received throughout. Tho lea-
■ue, under whose auspices they appear,
are to bo congratulated. ' They will
roallzo a neat sum over tho expenses
and the public a fIrs,t>clasB entertainment." Don't forgot — Mothod lot
Church; Thursday, Doc. 28.
f    -.v.-1
/•
BORN   '
Dec. 9th, to Mr and Mrs. Geo. Linn,
a son. Mother and child both doing
well.
MARRIED
At tho Methodist Parsonage, Tuesday ovening, Mr. Peter Adolph San-1
berg and Miss Emma. Krlstina Berg*
strom, both of Waldo,'B, C.
In a supposed model mlno at Vivian,
W. Va„ eighteen men woro killed by
an explosion of coal diiBt on November
19th. The mlno was equipped with
a steam jot system for damping the
workings and a elxteonfoot fan was
used for ventilation.   '
AN UNTHUE AND
MALICIOUS REPORT
DIED
At Victoria, n, G„ on Tuesday, Deo.
TO APPOINT CHAIRMAN
* :
Board oj Employers and Men Unable to Agree and
Ask Government to Make Selection
A parly of eight men wltb sleds and \Dr.__ Douglas Corsan
dogs have loft Cobalt for Ungava and
Baffin's Island in soarch of gold, reported to lie plentiful there.
Tbo party will have lo traverse two
thousand mllos of country .with proc
tlcally no trallR, and their forty dogs
enn only draw two tons of supplies.
Tho prevailing opinion among ecnuon-
ed bushmon Is that tho party mny
reach their destination but <-«n never
got out. The country Is wild and uninhabited except by scattered tribes of
roving Eskimos who have nlwnys glv-
on white won n wide berth.    It Is
doubtful If tbo party even ronWro
in a small degree, the stupendous difficulties of tho undertaking.
On Monday, 11th Dec—John Mann,
aged sixty yoars. Funeral services
woro conducted from tho BaptlBt
Church, the Rev. Thomson officiating.
At Crow's Nest, Sunday, 10th Doc,
Elisabeth Adollno noutledgo, aged 16
yenrs. The r*m«In« woro nhlpnoA to
London, Ont, Thompson and Morrison,
of Fernio, having cliargo of tbo arrangements,    i,
"I say, doctor. I hear that Jones,
whom you hnvo been trentlrur for Inns'
troubles has died of liver complaint."
"Don't you before If. If r from a
man for lung troubles lie dies of lung
j trouble."      *
v)»TAYt*A, uiit„ i>oc. ii.—-Auoiiii'T
chapter In-tho groat coal mlnen strike
In tho woat was opened today, when
Minister of Lubor, Hon. T. W. Croth-
ors, received a telegram asking him
to appoint a chairman for tho board
which hns bodri nppolnfod by tho m^n
and their employees to tako up tho
dl«pill#>«,       I (t
It will bo recalled that when the
rocent strlko of minors'belonging to
the United Mlno Workors of America
was settled after going on for eight
months, tbo "agreement reached •«■««
that In th» ovont of tho mfriTft nnd
tlielr employers represented by the
Western Conl Opcrnlorft' Association
Iwslng unable to appoint a chairman
for thoir board by agreement  bet-
■vvwm urn mtiiiittoro, lho Minister of
Lnbor would bo nuked to name a chairman nnd tho docliilon ot the. board
would bo binding upon both purlieu
concorned In tho dispute
Tho men are represented on tho
hnnrd by Wm n Powell, prc«Mcnt of
District No. 18, U. M. W, of A., and
the employer/) hy,W. P, McNeil, of llio
Western Coal Opomtora' Association.
Thoro in ono Chun, BarBton, of Scotch nationality who, like
ninny others in tlio District, arc dclibcrnlely circulating lying
report),with ft view to bringing diflcrcdit upon the organization and nlHO disorganization in its ranks,
Thin portion loft Fornio tho samo day that tho Htriko wiih
Bottled and. migrated to Vancouver Inland, where J ho United
Mino Workers aro at present endeavoring to build up tho organization, nnd whoro thoro hns already been .17 Locals formed.
There nro somo individuals who, during the wholo of lho strike,
have accepted tho rations Hint wore being distributed nnd (hon
finally decided to do nil in thoir power to weaken Iho orgnn*
iention by-circulating broadcast lying, malicious statements,
When llarslon arrived in Lndysmith, ll, C, he was asked why
bo had left lho Crow's Nost District, and replied that ho had
.cfuscd fo sign tho ehoek-off there nw tint Union intended to
stop ovory man $5,00 per month in ordor to pny back tho
amount which had boon expended for supplies thnt hnvo been
distributed during tho striko,
Tho check-off assignment reads as follows:
,1111
Tu
<
nd pny to Iho
., U.M.W. of
tho plaintiff In doing the work iv-'/ulr-
cd of him, Mr. l)lckon*on, rhnlrmin
of tho Hoard of Works for South Vancouver, wnn ono of tho witiioanns. Tho
court held Hint tho evldenc* showed j
tho plnlntlff to bo a hlRhly cornpfiwst
Mwet grading fo';utt.v.i.     (T'..u »...«'.i.
FOREMAN SUES EMPLOYERS
The trial of ff.loyd t.i   L«  Plata
ronson alleged by defendant* for bin
dUlltllU.ll, V..VI*   till*  llit (ItiltK'U tit j.)      Olt
tho point of Insnhordinnilon, however, j
the court held tb/if (he plaintiff wax
nt fault In ncnmlng Mr. L. M. La nam J
of   untruthfulness.     Judgment   wnn'
Jiifcn lor ilie. pbtlnutf lor |.S*»I for »aI- ,
lirothor** Coniintrtlntt fortipnny, 'voalury aiut ;i.i a,JiU'..« t»- Ubui t-Uti..*,
concluded beforo Mr. Juttlee Murphy cents to tbo plnlntlff up to »lie tim.-
nt Vancouver recently, Tho «1«f#r,-1 »«f the puyment of U»- .-tboie nnidiinf
dnnts put on tho stand <upert   en-1 Into eonrt, tberMftrr ro«* to the <'^
sfticeru to prove the Incompetency of
fendants.
"I nnthnrizn and empower you fo deduct and
Socrotory-Treasurer of Local Union No ....
A   f»w>i my fi»•-.;..»..( r...;..: ,.,;');;•!. i,, ; yti.;;,;;;; „% hl„ ;, ;, nltVt
amount as may bo designated by tlie Secretary,
Signed	
\Vitness .,	
Hy tlie nbovo it will bo seen that the amount of $5.00 is sot
forth na liein" Iho niit\"imni7i mtimitiit wll'li-h e:ni bo itilluoted in
one uinnlli. and docs not in llio least mean that such sum will
lm  enllrefed        Thh  \v(\r.  UUdo   cK'Ul"  ttl   thtl  Uit'liiliflH  \4  \\\'m
Di.strii't l;.v Die offieirs wlien exjilnining flm proposal agree*
ment nt the meetings nf T^oonta held previous to the ballot be.
ing taken, and there is no possiblo excuse, for either Pirns. liar-
Kfon, nr Rity uno else, to attempt to gull the men of Vnnromvf
}<ihn»\ hy eimdnHhg su<;l) we.in, ronlimptllilo ri'pMfls. Men
tlimifd brt fifi fbeir <vtnrr) o^nvT-t wit typi'. nf av;itiu'uv, TUit»
PJ.ifs, Itar-tiuii. can only have one object in view in try-
iiivT tn I.twiek the uiibm, and (hat is to gain tbe favors of the
Kpemtors. whieb imtunilly follows, will be nt the expensv of hi<j
^t-ilotv rr.uii. '
k» .).-'-
J fl
J6""
I *  ■'   ■
?   V'   -
5     - ■
'nt;
PAGE  TWO
THE DISTEIOT LEDGER^FERNIE, B. C; DECEMBER 16,1911,;
--'-'-" y \v\.,,v:i^->;*^ "'*"'* *r--;''i^^i'T :'.j ^,7 ."''*'« y - 7 7 *'iy,v;',^:<^.' "-,-7.- .--7 ';• -;'• -..'Ty.>"". ~---'
y*-" ^SjSSf^;; -'\x^'H'l:^-S^^7:,-: ^y 7*^y,. ?-^Y 'y :"?V:,-
^5&C ^y'*7y,^y"^'Vr'^;^;-7?;-yy.^-"w-f: -^ VI'V.^Vv-^ V*'5l~''/-'
r.i>\-tf
i -r
j„
\l ■'
if >
* >■
Great Number of Casualties
Reported For the Last
Year Alarming' '
TO TAX- LAND^ FOR     -       .'.',-'
V "  '"   "...     <,HAIL INSURANCE
Alberta' Government" Will Introduce
\.: (Measured-Land and Ranching In- 7"
"- .     terests Bitterly Opposed
ISRAEL ZANGW1LL. AND.y^vy
"''' "'i^.-^^WOMEN'S-'sUFFRAGE
Statistics compiled by_ the interstate commerce commission, Washington, show that there were 160,655
casualties on railroads throughout the
United States during tho year ending
June 30 last. The total includes 10,-
396 persons killed and 150,159 injured.
"There were 439 killed and 79,327 injured In wlmt arc classified as Indus-,
trial accidents which did not involve
the movement of cars or engine's; arid
5,284 were killed and 5,614, Injured
while trespassing on railroad property.
-'A' large amount of the trespassing was
committed by walking on tracks' or
Bteallng rides on trains. '  -
According to the commission there
was a noticeable decrease0 during the
year in the number of passjengers killed. The returns for the year .ending
June 30, 1910,- show 421 fatalities to
passengers, while in tho year following 56 passengers were killed. Forty
per cent of the deaths of passengers
resulted from .train accidents.
Casualty Statistics
The following figures pertaining to
railroad casualties for the year ended
June 30, 1911, have been prepared by
the^commissiou.
"   ' Killed. Injured
Collissions ....'     436     6994
Derailments..       349     4,799
Miscellaneous train accidents      82     2,020
Accidents to roadway or
bridges      20       115
Operation, accidents .... 9070   56,994
, Accidents on  tracks   or
bridges" :    154   18,512
Accidents~at stations, etc.     91   18,571
Accidents at "shops   ....'     73   35,530
, Accidents  cfti boats and
' wharves ,. ' 47     1.204
"Accidents at other places     74     5,420
Total , '... 10,396 150,159
.. This;is the first yearly table of_ s^
""Kind ever publisher by^tEe"coSmis-
sion and_was prepared in conformance
with the "accident law" of May 6,
1910. In connection with this data the
commission also has prepared a statement of the number of persons killed
or injured in railroad accidents during April, May and June last. This
discloses that 152 persons wero killed
and 2.93C injured in train accidents.
"Accidents 'of other kinds, including
those met with1 by employers while at
work, by passengers in getting on or
off cars, by persons at highway crossings and by trespassers and others,
bring up tbe total number of casual
ties, excluding industrial nccldonts, to
2,21G killed and 15,101 Injured.
Totals and Causes
The total casualties In all accidents
include 2,303 killed and 34,201 injured.
Causes cited for various accidents
comprlso nn Interesting study. Some
of them are specified ns follows:
Excessive speed limit nt point of
collision.
Freight crow hold to blame for not
looking at tlmo card or making inquiry of each other as to tho movement of passenger trains.
Fallod to protect train with flag,
ExcosbIvo speed over skeloton track.
ExcobbIvo speed on curve
-   The caiiBo of ono collision in which
'14 persons were klllod and 28 injured
Ih attributed to tho fnllure of tlio op-
orator n't n station to deliver an ordor
to an eastbound train which crashed
into a train that was westbound";
"Notwithstanding the mistake in'the
matter of the train order,' says the
commission, "tho accidents could, and
doubtless would • have been avoided
if the road had been equipped with
a block signal system that would not
permit two trains to enter the samo
block." '-     V
INDUSTRIAL  DEMOCRACY
A VALUABLE AID IN THE
FIGHT AGAINST TUBERCULOSIS
A Sura Horn* Treatment
Tbo best way to fight tuberculosis it
to prevent It. * Tho wholo bants of tho
Sanatorium treatment for tho whito
pliiBUO is pure nlr—lots of it—good,
wholoHOmo food, and a rational amount
ol cxnreiHo.
It is nothing more than a process of
building up tbo system by diet, air and
exorcise, combined with good reconstructive tonics to rebuild the tissuos.
You can liuvo all this al homo If you will.
Better still, you can prevent tuberculoids by keeping up tho bodily do*
fonces nenlnat the discasa.
Tako frciih air. frcah milk, fresh eggs
and othor good food with what, exorciso
you can stand without fatigue. Keep
your windows wldo open at night, tsko
Nyul'u Cod Liver Compound, snd you
ncoil not fear tuberculoids, oven if you
aro run down.
Nyal's Cod Liver Compound (s a do-
ItctwiB   tOf\\r>     Tt   VmlMn'tm   tW*   <"»fli"t»
tissues—puts on good, solid flesh and
aid* ui^ittiou. L'vury day tbis t|>taui'd
tonic is putting on their foct poov\» who
would otherwise have drifted into a
dangerous condition. It will not dis*
appoint you. Don't wait till you aro
nil run down and unfit for work.  If you
if      1"     , .J*.,,     „ 1   ,    i    f „  1   , . t
4»»W   »»V*   kV.Vr^  <w>j*    W    jWt**  i..*-'i^   40*1-.*   *ttV
losing ground, get a big dollar bottlo
at once.
Nynl Remedies are tbe best value trot
offered to the public. Tbe Nyal people
had to convince us of this first be/cm we
would offer them to our customers, and
this remedy ve know to be all Uugr
cl&lai for it 13
For Rale In Fernie unit aasriuiteed by
N. fi. SUDDAOY
From the time of Plato, centuries be-
for tho Christian era, society has
longed for true brotherhood—for an Industrial democracy—when men could
produce, not, as serfs, or chattel - oi
wage slaves, working for others, but
as free men, working for themselves.
It is a golden dream, and has furnished inspiration for artists and has
been the song of poets^ glorifications
of seers, theme of orators and hope
of workers.
Remedies without number have been
urged to make" possible the day when
men would dwell as brothers—when
the prophecy of Isiaht would be fulfilled. ''  ;■   '
Industrial debiocracy means that
each man will own his job. And
when we say "job" we meanv every
man who Is a part of production—be
he superintendent, engineer, designer
or ditch digger. The impelling force
behind this movement must be the
trade unions, not the trade unions bf to
day", with their aimless, planless, disorderly methods of doing business,
with their petty little spites, with their
jockeyings and wire-pullings. ' v.
Unionists flatter themselves that
these contemptible struggles ^are necessary—that they' are, "educatloua.."
But they are mistaken. These'petty
fights stultify man, narrow his-mind,^
and turn him into a carping,1 story-'
peddling, "fixing" politician, only bent
nn   power   anrT revftngftr   7 .-.    "■'
We must abandon our. present peanut policies. We "must' develop our
resources and hold every competent
official, instead of driving blm from
our midst because he towers above ns
intellectually, for tbis, be it'known to
shame, is our greatest crime, and the'
one most often, committed. - —
Industrial democracy is not a poli-
ictal question, and the man who says
it can be settled by tho ballot is simply
looking for a soft job—he's a working
class politicians, only too willing to
assume tho role of'tho .capitalistic offlco holder. Both of them are in the
samo class, nnd are impelled by the'
same, motive—to rule, guard and protect tho "dear workingman',' and much
of ourintornal squabbles can bo traced
to the machinations of those elements,
Industrial "democracy Is, an economic
question. Political action will bo an
aid. So will tho co-oporatlvo movement. So will labol agitation and
ovory other activity.
But back of all Is the organization o£
workers in tho shops, mills, ralnos'and
factories, who must bo united, who
must ho educated, disciplined and drilled in lho causo of labor—to help thorn
selvos.
Only n madman would urgo polltt :1
action to mnko possible Industrial democracy for men who have not yot developed tho capnelty or Intelligence to
even domnnd decent working conditions or shortor hours, much loss own
tholr jobs.
Capitalism acquired political duinlu-
ii'on by virtue of itH economic asreiul-
niuy—bocnuso It ronrrnle tho moans of
production. This powor camo nulo-
matlcally—nnturally—with tho decline
of tho land-owning powor In tho South
aftor tho Civil war, and workers will
ncqiilro political prestige nnd ability to
bnttlo for govern mon tnl control as fust
as they dovnlop their economic powor.
This Ih our starting point, This
must bo nrroplod by ovory Intelligent
unionist, nnd the qulckor workers re-
nllzo that It depends on thcmsolvoB,
tbo quicker thoy will censo dinning
wIll-oMho-wlsps, and propnro thomsolv-
os to help solve tho real labor movomont by tho becoming n part or tho
only movomont thnt hits tho cnpltallst
whoro It hurts.
JDuIld up your unions. Ixiitrn lo dlo-
Into (ho prlco of yonr lnbor powor nB
a preparatory movo to owning your
joi,,     oKvtiup ucoiioiiiu: power   ami
uklsM uy.iiii I'.'t ^UlU-kjv. .'j.-.-.i tn,<;UiJ>
for power who would wreck your or-
Denization In tholr lustful longing* for
potty trlumph.—Tolodo Union Lcndor,
- LETHBRIDGE, Alta. — Delegates
froim 31 boards of trade in southern'
Alberta met here recently for their an-*
nual meeting of the Boards of ,Trade
of Southern Alberta.-, The matter
which came up for discussion* after
the election of officers was "the appointment of a publicity commissioner
who will give all his time to the 'work.
L" L. Leich, of Taber, was mentioned
in this connection., ,.    ,     '
Hail insurance under government supervision was also discussed. ' President Leich had)shad a telephone communication with Hon^Duncan Marshall
in which the latter stated that a government measure would be Introduced
covering the matter. It* is proposed
to tax'all land at the rate of, two cents
per, acre to create the necessary" fund.
Thn if "any farmer wishes to increase
his policy be" may do so by paying the
extra insurance himself." It isvunder-
stood the ranchers and land, speculators are bitterly opposed'to the^mea-
sure. " -.- *7'
CATECHISM OF THE -    '  ;
WORLD'S WORKERS
Shall you complain   who   feed   the
, worldj ' "    .
Who clothe' the world,      " " '
Who house the world,      " -    .
Shall   you' complain   who   are   the
'.    «world,,    v ■ . "
Of what'the world inay do?,
As from this hour     "      l
You use your power    °, '    ,
The world vmust follow you.
- - , -   i   -■    ,        «
The world's -life-hangs on yo.ur right
,    '    " hand,      * " ,
Your strong'right hand, >l
Your skilled-right hand,    -
You', hold the" whole, world in your
?.. - .'    hand;'    '
See to it" what, you do. *
Or dark or bright"
Or-wrong, or right,   ,
The world is made for you
,ThenJiise._as^you77neYer_roseJ)efore..
Nor ..hoped before,
Nor dared before, .
A!nd show,' as was never shown before,
The POWER that lies in you]
Stand all as ono
See justice done,
Believe, and Dare, and Do.
i_ Mr. IsraerzangAvill.'speakiril^at'the
Internatlonal'^Woman Suffrage' tciiib;
said:  ..-»;?v?--rj      *  ,-      . ,o. -j.y
"Anybody- wb'o will 'go .'and'look .'at
the harem'scene in; that popular play,
.'Kismet,'- ^ay^fiot '.look 7upon absolute
realism,"but,bio .will get" a pretty good
insight'intb^hat'lies be*bind 'thelAnti-
Suffrage attitude. 7we^-meri analW(^.
inen^alikeT-have got to.'shake oft-tlie'
notion that the male is to stride about
the" plariet-jtbrowing.'crumbs -of^loyo
"or"chivalry'to;ithe female., 'The"old
story against the Englishman "that-he
sold:his wlfo at Smithfield'is^nb'mere
myth;- according • to ^Baring Gould*
wives' were^sold hvDevonshire as late
as\l860..^ The'husband led Ms-lady
to the market place by a "straw halter,
while the. town crier rang his" bell.
Thus a Mrs. John' Codmore *waB;>old
for £5,* which, "says Baring:'-'Gould,
was'largo as-the^ price'of-wives went.
A Mrs. Brouchet only „ fetched - 5s.,
thus realizing tho verse of. Proverbs,
that-V virtuous woman is "a crown to
herv husband.' ; A Mrs. Thomson went
for 20s., and,a Newfoundland dog.
' "So "many "centuries' of'Turfilsh' delight do not die'easlly.'and even Mrs.
Humphrey" Ward, tho most'academically accomplished woman" of her day,
has' to'<Sy-out'when academical committees are formed which ignore women.- What a strange head for the
Anti-Suffrage' Society is this busy lady
politician! r She is* as much out pf
place as4Mr.->Bernard Shaw would be
at an Irish'Vak'e.'. In her latest letter
to the Time's'she runs.,'down-our.8u'c-
cess in'San Francisco; she urges that
after all'suffrage In ."one of the United
States; is* only equal > to the local., government5 suffrage here. That maybe true.'" * But with -what force does
the .argument'come from Mrs.-Ward,
who' Is s'uch'a- strenuous supporter "of
the local"government suffrage for women? .--V V ' ■ 4*
- "There can, in fact, be no better argument fbrv suffrage than *§lrs. Ward
iri* her'true-activities. You firid-ln
her books," as in those of "George Eliot,
that element,of religion dnd that'feeling of scholarship which - are "almost
entirely, absent'from British bale fie,
tion. 'She "shares" with Mrs. Jane
Austen amLMrs-Gaskell that sense of
form- in^whicb Thackeray1 and .still
more Dickens are grossly lacking.;  J,
"Whiles British .male .fiction "as .-a
whole is i shamefully slipshod jand'devoid* of-the'.f Infer essence of life our
bestc female, fiction' is
"-Beware ;of
Imitations^
Sold bn;:tiie
Ments of
Minard's
Liniment.
penalizing of industry.-•t-MrrBla"ylock"is,
suggestion *"as"tp the remed^ was that
mining companies' ehould'.be^placed ou'
the sanie^fpoting^as qtbers'.arid-'beias-
s'^ssed byiway of-incomeJtax'ori'prbfits;*
or,as-an",aiternte/ to' tlie'ext'ent.'of,a
half ■ per .cent torn, tbe'gVoss value'7-of
bres.yBritish CoJumbiari^Mining^and,
■Rn^eeri^^eq9rt.^v3i,\;-,.V*V:'-v
^Edy-Pity"; therpoor" mine"' ^owiier!
Howhard'he fights agiiitfst.tbe'.tyran-
niballoppressibn-:of"Uie'g6\emment:7
of 'whom*;sevenVare milllonaIrs-~for
Ms yery"existence.-^;Yet,.strabgel he
manages.* to* !'exlst,?, .and 7 'dfttimW
g*rowslfat on lt.v;-Whata screech to
set up 'whenVri^inflnitesfmal'percerii'-
nge of the. wealth: wl fob'he" obtains.'
arid'which'is produced by the*'work-*
iii^man,- is, demanded of,' hlin- for *,tiie-
y'..y y    ■.-* *v   -   jv_.vyi
support' of' lis "country, 7to^ wbic"lj "he\ ',.
never,tires of proclaiming his.'patrlot^ ''\
ism.),.-   „ , - ^ ,  >v, , yy,r   -;?:
V;J.-A;. Franklin, president oMbe'Iriter-y ;.. r
national'Boilermakers , aridt.Helpers'.-..V 7:
Union,by authority of the-lqcal rinIons7-,:.': '.
&t\ J>unki;'k,- SchWctady;7Richmoid,.rt •*.,,
Pittsburgh and''MbntreaUhas "promub -7 ,7
g'ated'a strike order,against all of the.!: V
plants ^'pf the'^American^LocomoUve-^. : -.
Compa"n^.'y4Appro*ximately,2,500;men .,\;.7
are inVolve'd -in the -controversy.'-.-   ' 7 - --, r
u   - '  ,-'   •"   '     ^     -2 ■   J'-;*--,'.-• . 1'
v 'Ac'cbrdirig' to' a preliminary report of "^ _ - >
the„U. *s7 Census -Bureau, the" average; -\y- t
wages per' year o&meii 'einployed^in7=-_-"-^;-
the' 'manufacture, ot.-'exploslyes-'only-.'
feaphes ?686'per man per'year in this r,> - .'•"
dangerous Industry. , \
-I:'fl
MONEY IN POULTRY
The Editor of the, Canadian Poultry
Review, the, people's, (.popular paper,-
tells us tbat this paper has been greatly enlarged arid is filled with alfthat
pertains'to poultry, both frorii a practical and a faney'standpolrit-       - y'
Prof. A. G.;, Gilbert/ Manager; Dominion Government Poultry Farm, Ottawa, is stlHiri. charge of the Practical
Poultry .Deaartmerit Rev. J. N. Williams, one of England's most noted ex-k
ports, writes-interestingly each montli
on poultry doings in.'the'" Old Land.1
Mr. H.-S.fBabcock;. Providence, R.I.;
is another prominent writer and breeder, on: this"";, paper's regular staffs and
there,, are dozens "of others., Eacb
phase of poultry breeding, poultry exhibiting, etc., is "fully covered and the
pages of the Review, are replete, with
half-tone reproductions from, life of
famous birds, plans of up-to-date bouses, utensils, etc. ' 7 ,
■ The subscription rate' Is fifty cents
per year, but .traders bf this paper
can have'it at three'years for $1.00
and, sample will be sent' free on application to... Canadian "Poultry," Review,
184', 'Adelaide -Street West, Toronto,
Ont"> 7 "->■'•", '■    .--   "'  \-~-'.-'"
spiritual. J- ^. y r;   " , *y,~:
.v-'-'But' we have' got beyond thereotl-
cal arguments. -~- We are in the thick
of the-cariipaign.7 Women's" Suffrage
is an issue;, so'rdear that eveffTTr.
Balfour. carinot'f'.csonpe .having a decisive, opinion about it" "   .-
Cheaper Fuel for
Middle Provinces
Peat as a Substitute for Coal Being
,  . Tried Out in Manitoba, Quebec and Ontario
lLt:
Ci\\j<,i<ii~ij TO CEiwVn
John Cooper Meets With Pstal Aeel<
dsnt at LoBflino Csmp In Csmp-
bell River Dlstrlot
NANfAMO. Doo. «,—A fatal neol-
dont occurrod at Campbell river on
Tuwrdny, John f"onpor, ngo/l SO, «n «m-
ployoo of the International Timber
Company. loKRlns; camp, bolng; killed.
Whilst unloading: logs at the landlnn
a number of them fell and crushed
hint to d«ath. 'At tho foroMr's In-
Otif*t n verdict of ficcld^ntsl dosth
was returned, no bltmo being sUacbed
td any ono. Dfli^asod, who was very
popular, was a native ot Australia.
Tho Canadian' peat fuol Industry'Is
tho- subject of an, interesting article
contained in tho current numbor of
tho Canadian Engineer, giving an account of tho development of an Industry which'bids fair to bocomo an
important factor in tbo commercial
llfo of tho mlddlo provinces in which'
there Is no coal.  <
Tho forward movomont bogun by
tho Mines branch in Juno; ,1000, to
boIvo tho problem of providing a
cheap domosllo fuel for Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba, whoro vory extensive pent bogs toko tho place of
cool flolds, hns mndo oxtonslvo pro-
presfl and, owing to recent now scope'
for tho uso ot pont fuol, thoro would
appear to bo amplo grounds for Investigating tho various pont deposits
In tho nbovo mentioned provinces,
During tho autumn of 1010, somo
t>00 tons of poat fuel, manufactured
nt tho Alfrod plant, Ontario, woro sold
at $11,215 to |3,D0 por ton to prlvnto Individuals at Ottawa, for domestic uso.
Tlio reports coming In from tlio con-
sumors — Bhowlng that tho poat has
given groat satisfaction as a fuol for
open fire grates, cooking etovos, and
oven In furnaces for heating tho
houso; nnd tho numerous Inquiries
from business mon and capitalists aro
so encouraging that with tbo advent
of spring It lu confidently anticipate!
thoro will.uo a markod revival of Interest in (uo peat inaustry uiroughout
LIhi yt'oi Iiu** ir'.cif Ihaw in i,\j *.\iuh
Since 1907, according to a report
IMiblUhed by tho department of mines,
ten pent bogs hnvo been Investigates,
dollmltod, and plnnB   mndo   thereof.
ill     i'iy    W«D    UuV    'U'66    iVll(V.-*Li*to'.«'U,
vlt„ tho Holland poat bog, situated In
fl'mroo county, Province of Ontario
This Is tho largest pent bog so far et-
hmlncd and dollmltod by tho Mlnos
nrfinch. Tt covers ovor 14,000 acres,
nnd should produc* o?cr O.ttW.Odft
tons bf peat fuel. A report shows
tbnf'tlrfl »Tirf»ri* of tbM Immontio ho'i
vt v«ut I* frco frcun trt«s, lii-nce can
be vf j"r!fd «eonomtc»llr,
It has boon potslble to mill** tbo
by-products of peat fuel manufactaro
•« matsrltl for fruit pseklar, oto. fn
tnet, tbo manufacture of this litter"
and Its byproduct "great mull" b*»
bocomo a well established Industry In
Sweden, Holland and Germany.    Aa
Canada Is taking a'- prominent position
nmong fruit-growing countries, doubt-
loss this artlclo would find a ready
market. Several shipments of this
moss litter have boon mado from Holland to tho United States at an nver-
iigo cost of $6.00 por ton,
Central Canada Is not alone In thoso
peat investigations, since Troland has.
for generations sought moans to utll-
ho this fuel In the placo of coal. Investigation has gonorally shown for*
mer atompts ln this direction lo bo
without commercial posBlblll'.ion.
Lately, however, according to tho
Dublin rcrrospbndont of tbo Londoa
Times, rotilly successful attempt lias
bcon mado to uso coal poat Ins'o.ul of
coal for Industrial purposos. A 000
li. p. engine wnn installed two mont no
aiui in tho linen factory of Hamilton
Robb at Portndown, -County AmiiKb.
Tho manager states tbat, ns a rosult
of bis experiments with this onglno an
outlay of ;i>7 n wook on poat produces tho snmo onorgy as was obtain*
od by an expenditure of fOO.GO a
wook on nnlhraolto coal. Tho now
mothod has tlio further advantage of
extracting tnr from tbo pent- to tbo
ivliluo of t3f) a wook, making the no*
tunl cost of fuol only 922.
Tho Swedish Government has decided to grant to Dr. G, do Laval, the
distinguished Inventor, tbo sum of
15130 for lho furthor . experimentation on bis new process of wet-ear*
Irtiililiif, pctt. 'Una fcO»ticaiu-jut p«at
engineer reports that tbe new pro-
cpj* may io\vo the problem ot <on»
tlniiou'H manufacturo of fuel Indo-
,pendant of nlr-drylnjr. ''wblefa will bo
'A'u.V3 ftulM-ftliluiiy IO ClOIIiJJWt* «lill» <*Ji.
In many branches of manufacturing.
QUICKLY  6TOPB COUQKB. CURES''COLDS.
HCAL« THE THROAT AND LUNGS. 28 CENTS
Canadian   Pacific   Railway
7" m- ,     -     /   -•".   '     ' -     - ■ * y-j.      -     y ?-. .:
Second Annnal Excursion to
:     LOS ANGELES,  CALIFORNIA/
y^,;''-        < By Special Train from, y   7 y^f-V
•" Spokane, Wash, Friday, January -5th, 1912."/ Tickets on sale^January;y
.-    2, 3, and'4,1912. ** Pinal return.limit, April>30th, 1912.''\' '•>, ~,\ •j-,f'
.   Y
,n .,-1-.
Fare from Fernie to Los Ang-eles.and.Return
^ - Going and returning yla_ Spokane. .-,V... • ;.\ ,S'.V. ".^.. .*;'"
■" Golng'vla Spokane*,,returning via Seattle'-".< ^.'U7..7.
$111 70 "*
'$125-20,' '
'" Above fares-Include berth andb,meals from ,Sppkane. on/going .trip;.'
,    For .full""particulars regarding' these; and" other. Excursion rates, ap- >' •
7 ply to nearest'C. P. Ry.-agent, or'to" - "-^y ;,1 "•*•*" •'f1" .--*■ -' "7 .>
7 .:""' % ' """ - - f 'i o ,, "'• -": '*- -■'■7'":: .\ y.-\«-:y'y--
.     - " R.G. McNEILLIE,-Distrlct Passenger,. Agent,; Calgary,-Alta..\,y^
Association was^refoEm in'thlsdirec-
polishe'd^and ktinn.'.hllh-minA nwriV>Va'.Bnnnronny'-"ha.
came discouraged-after yearc of fruitless agitation, and have,of Tate' years
allowed .matters to drifts:  ~ 1';,.7'
At Nelson" E.s W." Wlddowson made
an excellent presentation "of the,case to
theCommission, andat Rossland S. G.
Blaylook/assistaist general manager bf
tbe Consolidated Mining, and Smelting
Company, put the case very .clearly,
showing^ that the "mineral tax of 2, per
cent levied upon "smelter 'returns, or
the value,of the minerals less transportation," treatment ,' and; marketing
charges, worked out.so unjustly ag-
alnst low grade propdrtie's tbat it amounted to- a tax.of 10 p'er cent., a
ratio that would be considered highway, robbery. If it were applied to, incomes or. assessed on the value of real
estate or ■ other proporty. Yot tho
miner, has had to put up with this out-
rago for years,' and lias boon unable to
get It remodlod, so indifferent has the
Oovornment been to the Interest of tho
mineral Industry, ■ Tho mine's at "Ross-
land aro^tho best developed, and
equipped ""in' thou province," and mlno
tholr ores to tho best advantage, but
tho oroB aront bost low grado on an
average nnd could not havo boon pro-,
fltably operated but for tho largo amount of capital put into thoir equipment, and consequent reduction in
cost. Yot1 tho Centre Star mines,
operated Hinder thoso conditions, paid
)U,W In,taxation last year, or ono-
fifth of tho wholo revenuo derlvod
from tbo mineral tax,- This'kind of
taxtlon In nothing moro or'less than a
The j^ntfWmeiCo;jLiiiterf
• '    ■     -V S^-:FERNIE,' B.c::'-:' -: !y*V.\V-
SPECIAL HOLIDAY HAMPERiS. y''-
7 .In compliance with, the demand of our patrons in tlie'
ehoic't' of Liquid ^Holiday- Cheer ,"\ve are again putting upj ," V-
- -'7 ^' v   ".. ■•     ' y -   > ,j,' . ■  .      --    "v - ,; .'
«: v-'».      Special Holiday-Hampers-
_v "containing six select;assortments of'B;igK7Crrade .Goods in"
7 plain" packages for JsHipment or choline delivery.' Orders?for' ^
.^mas.Eve 'delivery' must bV-in,.the, evening of-the 22hd"instr:Vi'}
•" Orders ;f or Now, Year" "delivery ■w'ill-(be"?aceepted upto tlie ■'"}<''
7;night of Dec. 29th.- -All orders,filled in rotation a§ received y'^
7\ 7Hamper No.:l Price $3.00;'
1",I
'■ft.
".-' '(Weight<30,lbs.);
-A. R:.vY7Sherry;" *
• St. Aubin* Claret- -
JTSauterne J^^-'J.-" *\
,_, 1 Cherry .Wine".. *
-l-Marsella-Wine   ,.,.-y   7,
. 1 Old; Port ;..   -7,;-'* -' y
v 6,Bottles".VLl: \.7:'  '■""'
•   Hamper No 2,: Price $4.00 -
' ./-(WeightJO lbs.) ;"   .
1 Jules' Coa'dah ^Cognac'
■'  1 St. Aubin.Claret'.   .  • , "■'
i A/ R. X:- Sherry - 7 -; '
. 1 Scotch Whisky Lochericht
1. Rye, Whisky "Canadian " ,
.1 Old"..Port"; *"•' .,■•■'"
\6 Bottles.. ," ]"\-    ,l
Hamper No.- 5,' Prico $10.00.
' -,   (Weight *50 lbs.)     -.
' 1 .McPhorsbn Scotch   ■'
•2 Canadian' Rye Whisky
.l.,OJd Port Wine, B.N. Co.
1 Tom Gin,' Greonless '■ ,' -<:
, 1 Rum,-Old London Dock
1 Sherry, A. R. V.
1" S. Julicn Clnrot
1 Brandy .Lo Grand XXX
1 O'Brien Irish xxx Whisky
v ,1 "Black Cherry Wino
I Sautorno N & J * '
32 Bottles ; "-"
-. Hamper'- No.: 3,. Price $5.50 y
''i'"'X 70Veigfit' 50, lbs.), y 7,?^
2 "Rye"-Whisky. Canadian. »." \,
''3-01d"Port->- --U i-7"_ -7'
■;,2J?larer:7:-V;;:-^X;v' :£>J:
*\2 Cherry Wine 7*'- . 7 '" ,."..,'
Vl Jules Coadan Brandy^. \ y
. 1 Mi llellow Scotch Whislty" "■
" : ^:'C.;&K:'7y. :-. \~' ^y
,vl Sherry; A. R.V.B-\V'\  VU
12' Bottles,   r y >--;y <-7J ,..
• * ^   "   I
: Hamper No.,4, Price,$8.50
:-'-'-y (AVeight 30, lbs.)^    •■'•\:
,1 Oporto"'Morgan-Bros.;' •"■
1 Sherry, "A."-R.V7-
,1 V. 0.11.10, yr. Old Scotch'."
1 J: Remy-Cognac XXX." \'
1 Rye Canadian Whisky
.1 O'Brien Irish Whisky xxx
'6 Bottles.    " ' '    j.---' '• -
Hamper No. 6, Price $12.00' *
y   (Weight 50 lbs.) :   ..,-
2 -Pints'.Champagne 7      '.'
1 '.Corby Wltisky   - - •     '.;
1 Canadian Rye-Whisky.^A
1 Loitonjs-Whisky ,\  "   "y' ,
1 O'Brien* Irish Whisky xxx •
-< I Gonzalez's Sherry7'
X Oporto, Morgan .Bros.
1 Brandy Rouvier XXX
1 Whitoly'sPerfectjonScotcli
" 1 Sauterne N: & J.
1 St. Aubin Clarot, French
12 Bottles,     y
r.. i
""•■■f      n
A     i  h
*.•*& ]
" .i
T   »   -     »
*"'**   t'
r"            t
^J
'                 ^      V            J
PRICES F. O, B.,FERNIE.    .
OABH  MUST  ACCOMPANY ALL ORDERS
Special Attention to   Out-bf-Town Ordoi-u.    .-
■> ii
UHH
HUDSON'S   BAY  COS
i
Special Grocery, Wine and Spirit
XMAS. HAMPERS
Wo prosont this senson a list suporior to nriy wo havo previously offered, both in regard
to tho oxcollent quality nnd oxtromoly low prlco. Spaeo will not'permit us publishing our
complete list. Wo mention thoso throo loadors ami wo will bo pleased to mail you complete list upon request.   . *„-.'.... \T\ ! •  -■' '
HAMPER No, N-BO-Prlca 10.00
(Weight B0 pounds), ,
HAMPER   No,
HAMPER No. N.B«~Prlc« $8.00l°,)b' Ju^oy
(Weight 60. pounds;
JktU,
TAXATION OF M!NBf>
Tho Tnzation Commlnslon hss glren
an &\«i>ottur.ity for rovlvlwc th« aRlU-
Uon ngalnit tho present IneQolUbla
ttynlbin or mine (aiation. One ol th*
nstn planks of tb« Provincial Mining
Dr. de Van'i Female Pill*
At^hUVr*mtklHrfXUMipt***UB*. Ttad*
*ptltt tf« ucMduclr ewNtnt t» r»f»i»to« «k*
**n*nUy* pnftlnn nf flm fntn»ffl nrttioi.   W'umw
•Jl rt«ip tminiiom. t». «• nil *r« nti it
>• iMtMll nrni Ca» St. CsthartiiM. flit
irer Sal* tt BUtuliU'* Orttg Store.
1 Hurt«nnr« Bmy F.O."n. RotitcM
1 HuiSl IZ SE!? vSfo Port 2'Hud.en». Day Old Ilyo
HuAlA Boffrtaff 2 Hudson*.Biy-Native Port
•   h      ^ III ilmJ2n?m '* Hudwn's Bay CalawU
Mu3!S»-! 5w ntaS?wrSJ       il" l Hudson's Bay Pale Brandy
1 Hu&.B.W^^^ ■•/■*>■* pin
\ Huaion'i Bay Dlil  London
Sherry
1 Hudson's Bay St. Jullon Clarot
1 Hudson's Bay Palo Brandy
1 Hudson's Bay Spoclnl Irish
13  Bottles
Dock \ *k"
It t tt    Cl rt *s i /ill
Hudson's Bay Clarot
1 Hudson's Bay Ginger Wine.
1 Niagara Port
12   Bottles
N-8e->Prlce $7,00
,    .(Weight « lbs) 7
« \h. V\xm V\\M\nr. ■'■-■""'    ■*— ■
1 Package Mince Moat. "
1 Ib. New Figs, ii
S cans Tomato** or Corn
1 lb. Best Cluster Tab)« Itnlolnu,
1 lb. Now Season's Miied Nuts
1 Box flomobodv'a LnrnM.
1 Ui. Viuovt Mocha snd Java Coffoe,
1 Ib. Box Finest Quality Chocolates.
1 Ib, Huntley k. Palmer's Fancy Mixed
Biscuits.
1 3-lb. Can Bowlby's Ponrs.
1 Bottlo C. ft B, Mlxod Pickles.
Fancy S Ib. tin Tetloy's Tes.
Erich Hamper Is packed !u nicely pnlnted Tiot, with Wnffe^.Hd and fastener.
Spirit ITnrapcrs 13.00 to $16.00.   Grocery Hampers, $4,00 to $13.25.
Price* F. O. B. lethhrldg*.     Address yonr order to;
TVine.and
The HUDSON'S BAY STORES
Lethbridge, Alberta
irMy^,
tJ,Wr"-V^*^ «*M*«Mt*
wnnmnwn trtwwriwi'x
._. . ^L-SWtf.^
*tf.^..^'-.-' -
■4k..J. ■*-
wfv><c-'^5$
. "m"   S^
--
■r7
^S
^■Ma^iamMaMnffa^BOS, I
.v--^,.
■I   .,
^,?.-
THEJOiSTEIOTvLEDQEE; FERNIE, B.C., DECEMBER. 16, 1911.
.<*■
PAGE  THREE
■   'V* r    ;" r '.-•■- .-»"* -•-•' "'-!;--.~l   .'",*'i!>->.
4lV«--:'-'*ii|\
' •"■■i'^.S .-;"f"'. >V:,-7i;:'."■;,
my «     H 4HI
/"'- ;>* /I
* ~'£mst*Jt ^9/%. 'Jfiff-S&jfo'/f*
f x-.t? MM,
•-m^m -WJW  Mr * M Jr. Mr- M^ m-i
t  -■.,-■£m
imZJL iris ¥ &*& f  \s%A
/>>1K
-^-      -.A7    ,- —*fy -■t;L.   "■>..   ~„,*—
«Sl»i
"fV.".>«-Jr
si©
\. vxl: v ,.-• -.uvi" -mA-'- -v«?7 -:•'- -
, y1" f \ -L ■»*" ■*.' ~
*" ;~-r-f.
-77'^V^'^?^
.. ;--;■/, k
0®*@&
?\,.C:i.,.sy, yT^yyyTivyVv'-y■--j?\--,-7 yy %.■ y^t*y ^"./--'■-""^.y'fC.---'
^j^pi^mJRefw Bqdie^fl^mc^^{£
>/&P;&ti»Htifa!0^       Sceiies iir^y
7MMuwtMP£ficKYy "mmoMTs:
_; ?    ..-,-. -
"'.;*KNOXVILLEj .Tennesseej'-^c.',5.~7
r£&dust' explosion. ln;the malri-mlno of
";- .tho Cross Mountain system.near^Brlcih
.;. villa has!'ontomb*€d at'least-brie, kiin-
.\ „dred ;m^ij,' and'raging fires, prevent
7.much headway"being-niade wlth-ro-
■;' scuo;work. ■; 7" '," ,,*-,. .
."-,a:Tho mine is usually manned by-at
° - least two hundred .workers7but it is
7 -"belioved that only about one hundred
' liad entered'the.;workings [when,the
.7, explosion occurred.v''" -'/7"'  7 .7
^ ,;^Ne)vs of the explosion "quickly spread
.' -throughout' the^dlstrict7 and', by ten
r, o'cloclrthrongs of widly,-excited wo^.
.,, . men and children were gathered round
'.   "the mouth'of the "mine in panic-strlck-
"rescue. parties"
"- 7.en groups". 7,;;"^ Li
.... yyf Twice- already..;the
"i-yhave been; driven "back; by a solid wall
-'fit oiflame, "and if is_ thought"'all .who'are
7 ln.the'wbrkings'have been incinerated;
!^ ('■ j, BRICEVILLE," Tenn., Dec' li:—^Uh"
-"'•"sixteen" bodies- recovered and" identifl-"
'•'•7ed(.the,.rescue parties to-day renewed
y\efforts to force the'Big Cross Mountain
'7  mine here! to'give'up,it's. dea'd.^rHay-
'^ ,7 ing' forced" theirvway three miles Into
y thejmountain7and' brattlced" most* of
' ',., the-cross entries^ tlie ^members of the.
-", rescue".crew,expect; to stumble^on^to-
: "* corpses strewn in' the chainbers-.at any
'-bow**."'; y7^y7*^';y.::y[yyy7i^;:^l
~y7L That "there are lOO'ormbro dead'.men
- 'remaining';)ri the"".mine -,-there is"no
7. ,'-doubt.','--'Ali hope-br-reseuing aiiy.'of
*" 7 Ithe scores [who went" to :thelr Hoil ori
- 7" Saturday.morning has "been abandoned.
"7»'.);"Weeping.wives"made-widows by Sat-
■•' ■ "nrday's dust'.-blast. in'- the1 Knoxville"
; -..- ;Irbn" company's min ecame to the shaft
V 7>,Bntranco"'.in "scores" ithis' morning.-' •?
^;   7" ■' Of. eight 'corpses -.. - discovered _ last
t- ":"night,*'three'were,sitting"'bolt"upright.
7|,' -S,in^the :mine'7car;-.while -the. bodies\bf
;., /^five'others,w.ere,lylng'.bn the"ground.
1 .^Deatlrcame'by an\explbsibn'of dust.,-"1
•-.'Black damp - developed Jate^yester-,
. rKs. day ^ndlsibppedJprbgres'sJCQrVa-^
ls u "but sbqn the silent force'* pushed daunt-
~   '.lessly-.on, somebf theni'till they'.were*
•-.'carried out,overcome by gas.'.. There
. .:.is hardly a^famlly'in "the entire:Coal
, ,- Creek valley that has "riot felt the'touch
requiring iminediate\80lutidh7"';It.has'
been impossible-'to. get ""any ^authentic
"news ofIj'the/extent'of the^p'umber of
men iri the mine,7when, the .Texploslon,'
occurred;   "     -"'yv .'7-7 - -
, . Mine .'officers "have; 7 given but . no
statement. "That it is. more'- than a^
hundred seenis'certain,', - It-is expect-;
ed much of'.the?black/daidp will be,
gone by "to-night." ;To-morrow with'the
crew of one^rescue.car-o'n the ground,
another hurrying there/and representa.
tlves of the. Red Cross on hand ,11; is'l
expected-rescuo';.work0so far badly re-;
tarded.-wiir'go forward rapidly.. . .
'■ .'BRICEVILLE, Tennv"Deci- 13.^JIes-
sages, scrawled, "on -7tbe "walls* of the
compartments of Cross Mine encouraged the rescuers 'to^reriewed^efforts, in
the iibpe.'of' finding" more men alivey
--■ The .messages were, evidently1-written by; a1 party of men". \ When'driven,'
out.of7one'place by" gas they wpuld*.
wrlte^ indicating where they were" go-'
'ing.'- j.-After the"7!traU :"was7 found
through:: several .entries' it' 'was lost
and,;hope ;of-finding-more" men' was
abandoned.', Until midnight, _ thirty-,
eight t bodies, had been found. - . ,
•:' T)ie" position of several bodies' Indicated that thoy died from black damp.
mwm
-  d3 --sii-v;
It-,., '»!., vi*";
The Impottance of Being
and United
SIX MILLION MINERSyy .',-,
;. < "',. ^ THROUGHOUT WORLD
''•■ ~A report recently made by the chief
inspector'of mines to the,British government, states that;the number of
persons engaged- ;.in mining; and
quarrying-' throughout, the» world- in
1909 "was- considerably' over six mil-,
lions. ,', Of Jhis tblal "nearly one-fifth
were employed ln.the-XJnited Kingdom
and more thari'oue-third.in the British
Empire: 7'7'More\than', half - were 'employed in; gettrig' coal^alone.* Great
Britain 'eriiployed > over y997,000; ,' the
.United States 666,000; Germany.688^000
France" r'lDO.OOO,"1 Ilu?sia' :i74,O06,** Bel-J
gium/lji3000, Ausaria' "nearly• ,134,000
^nd7lndia7"bver*119,^00?^The-world"s.:
total output of;coal:.was-1,13,000,000
ton's,1-the, value"of which"is-estimated
at nearly $2,'000,000,000. "-As^ compared
with" 1908, "these figures showman increase of "45,000,000 tons in the output;
-'of, death. " The problem of'caring for* but a decrease bf .$47,500,000 in.the
tho widows and orphans is a grave one," value.'   ,'"   - -7    V    y  ■>
nt
I
■>
' In almost every, nation of the world
, nntl-Soclallst brganizatlona have been
forinod and "circulars liavo boon Issued
appealing tb tho monoyod^gentry to
opon tholr purses and mako contributions'to,a fund to b.o used to halt tho
• rod apoctro of- Socialism. ; Those or-
.• ganlzatlonB have been launched    by
that cunning fraternity,who feel that
yiio opportunity Is ripe to milk tho capl
' tallst bow.'. " 7, '  ,' k- , ,.-.
. . Professional wrltorB and. wind-mill,
orators, realize that Socialism ls growing to such proportions that capitalists
: Inevory nation bf the world are.bo-
coming more or loss alarmed, and If
exploiters can bo mado to' fool tliat
Socialism can bo delayed or destroyed
by nntl-Soclallst organlzatlons,thoy aro
only too anxoiis, to contribute sonorously, and this fact is woll known by
that professional gentry ;who novor'
' overlook an opportunity" toblced capl-
tallsm for a llttlo "oasy money."
Tho Antl-Soolallst Union of Groat
Britain has sent out tho following ap-
peal, asking that a wnr fund or $500..
'  000 lib ralflod to glvo battlo to Social-
Ism: ■ "r
"At thlB moment of crisis In our'hls-
tory, whan through tho Cabinet, Social
Ist.noliflmorH aro foisting on tlm nation
a'einglo clinmbor govomment, tho Antl-
( SoclallBt Union,appeals to tlio loyalty
and patriotism of tho British pooplo.
"Tho main bulwarks of freedom In
tbo, past havo boon tho commoii-sonse
Bclf-rellnnco, discipline and probity of
tho pooplo, To destroy those, an In-
■ cflBant nnd syBtomntlo campaign hns
been waged by tbo_ Socialist loadoro.
Wo would remind tlio public of. nome
of tho features of that campalfln:
"t.     'i.'(.ll Ciumii   ii.ll»  livvu   mivalttr
nl nnd Hip Mcimij-rir hu-uJU'd.
"2. The Houso of Lords hnu boor
njlsroprenentcd'and rlduclod: Judu«s,
for iho fenrleim pcrformnnro of duty
havo been attacked on the platfotm
... i i.   ji . «..-       »». i    *.-. « ,
made to pack quarter and petty oes-(
slona with SoolallBl J. IVs.
"3, HoardB of bureaucrats, from
whom there l» to be no sppesl, havo
In somo cases, been substituted for
the courts of Justice.
"4, Large numbers of civil servants have been converted Mo Social-
Ism. There has b»en ft etetidy increase in the number of public officials; compelltlve examinations for
mnoy of the new posts have been dispensed with, and the number of ii"»
officials bavo been withheld.
••5,  Thero are at least 1,00<1 Social-
sta helping to administer the lorn I gov.
ernment nnd the Poor Law. Councils
havo taken' to trading. In .opposition
to private enterprise; their accounts
havo often-been inefficiently audit/l;
in thirty years tho local debt has risen
from' 193 millions to 688 millions.  ',"-
"6. Socialists are making strenuous efforts to capture tho support ..id
sympathy of those responsible for tho
oducallon of the country. Socialist
sohoolmasters, dons and professors are
\ju»y, proselytising. '
.'. "7- Tho funds and administration of
trade'"unions havo boon captured, by
tlio Socialist conspirators, and irion
havo boon oxpollod from tho unions
for opposing the Socialist policy.'
"8. _ Attempts hnvo been mado to
stir up mutiny ln our army and navy,
"Wo have already ■ successfully established twenty-five schools In different parts of tho country. At least ono
hundred schools aro necessary In order
to compote effectively with tho Social-,
lets, who hold 2,000   meetings   pbr
WflOit, .j
"In tlils-co'lintry thoro are seven organ
i»atlotifl. backed by n powerful prow
constantly'oiii'O.tding SoclallBin, One
of Huso organisations nlono. expends
over 5*100,000 a yrar on Its nctlvlllon,
- "'Wo ask fo.' lho publlo a contribution of )500,00<1 That is not a IjiI'ijo
premium for an insurance against a
revolution.  "
If tho ntntoments contained in tho
nbovo circular are true, thon a fund
of fr.00,000 will ba futile In arresting
the spread of Socialism. Jf 2,000
mooting* aro held por week and one
orgniilzntlon alone oxponda $(100,000 a,
year to ndvnnco tho causo of Social-
uiu Uifii iiow can. uio Aiui-bociaUHL
'y By .T. L. Lewis>"   ■ - " .'
,     , ^ '*""r "*' '.: f>'   . '^   .. }
: The-time''for holding .'the -annual
convention of the"United" Mine' Work-"
ers will soon be here,. What is. being done by. the^mine workers of the
country, to % be, prepared. to'.negotlate
new-wage contarcts,.that" will be bene-'s
flcIaito*'the men employed in the." coal,
mining^iridustry?. To negotiate" the"
best'kln'd-.of a~wage contract,"it/ises-,
sential7to\understand* the,' conditions'
existing ."within and the"'relation?,-' to
each -'other of ' the different mining
states^of the country... "- /'?. 7 ^,y
It Is-appearen*t to"any one'conversant
with the mining industry that the op-,
eraitbrs,';in'"'the best organized mining
distric'ts;'-as well "as" in the partly, organized*" mining states, are preparing
to>'putvup;a,''3trong fight in/defense"
of-their-iriteres'ts.", Competition, over-
-prpduction,' no . work. and litlevprofIt
will be "the argument'of the operators
in'defending• their 'own. position^-with."
reference" tb. new wage" "agreements. 7
"".-A7review" of. the -mining- situation,
throughout, the-country riiay be. inter-,
esting'at this tlmo." - In the anthracite
coal'regIoh"of7Penrisylyania, the mine
workers have received ~ric "advantage
in- wages'"sincelthe year 1902,' regardless . of •• the tremendous "increase. in
the cost of, living and the advance in
wagejypaid men employed iri other industries. , Tliere is'a^nine hour work
day.-- There is rib recognition of,the
United- Mine: Workers," except locally,
at three ..collieries.-.-. An award has,
fixed the wages and conditions'of. employment in. the-.anthracite region.
That "award- expires "with the' bituminous wage contracts-next year. The
officials of the -United Mine. Workers
in- the anthracite""are',expecte_djto-have
the terms of „the ^Strike Commission's.
J"Lward,respeeted7andl«-..enfQrcedF-but-
those same officers' are not recognized
by the anthracite operators as the' official representative, of the-United
Mine Workers of America. ^'.Thereis
also a "Conciliation Board, in the an-
tracite region, to'whom. Is referred
for adjustment of those disputes growing out of the"award of the Strike
Commission." ,'-"",
Tliere* Is - a general feeling of discontent existingin'the anthracite coal
region. A strong, feeling of resentment exists against permitting present
condition's to continue. . Tho anthracite" miners aro entitled to an- advance'ln, wages'. They are-entitled
to* complete recognition of, tho Union,
and thoy should have an'eight,hour
work day.    .,  ,
The Conciliation Board, known, to
many as" tho "Con" board, should bo
abolished and a more efficient, prompt
and' satisfactory mothod adopted to
adjust, differences nnd finally'sottto
disputes. ' It can be done and raiuit'
be dono.' Minors of tho anthracite.do
your duty and prepare "to help others
to holp you.
■ In Central Pennsylvania coal ls mined and paid for on" tho long ton system, or 2240 pounds to tho ton,   Tlio
"closed Bhop" is not a part of tho wago
agreement.    There 1b not th*nt kind of
a dead work scale that ought to oxlst.
Iii a numbor of placca thoro ls no organization, whllo   In   othor.localities
the mon aro but partly organized,   In
many places tliere aro splondld local
unions with a vory active membership
and it mny ho tho condition In every
section of that district Western Pennsylvania,   Ohio,   Indiana,   Michigan,
Iowa, Kentucky and othor districts,
liaib a screen coal system, or paying
a fixed rnto por ton for nil coal mined
and pnBBlng ovor a' screen of from ll
to IMi Inch moflh.    Tho minor Is not
pnld for tho coal that pnflsnB through
tho screen, which varies from 20 to
50 per cont of the coal mined and
loaded by tho'mlnor,    Wvory pound of
tho flno conl Ih sold and coiihudu-iI,
Thoro can be no Bonslblo or logical
roaflon for continuing tho screen coal
system of paying for mining coal, J'ay
for mining cool"bof-rn It Is gcrnenod
Bhould bo demanded and mado a part
of tho new wago contact,
It is woll known that llllnoli has
not been n part of the liilci'-stalj joint
STHEWHirEST,LI6ti
M&0
MKING
^|W STYLE LABey
NEVER ANY FAILURE
OR DISAPPOINTMENT
: \WHEN
BAKING
POWDER
",    15 USED.
CONTAINS NOALUM.
COSTSINOMORE
THAN THE
ORDINARY KINDS.
MADE W CANADA
try/and suffering, among " the 7min-
worke'rs is the problem that every miner "and operator should consider. -The
organized'mine, workers should take
aj.positive^stand against, the -method-
of local or district settlements in the
negotiation. of wage contracts.   ■ Let
the" operators understand   that" the*
rdlne'-workers are no longer .going to
permit theiriselves to be divided by a
policy that has been so, destructive to
the mining, industry, and injurious and
costly, to"the"mine.workers.   -No one
part .of -the membership .ought to be'
permitted, to be tied down with a con:
tract.    "Insist^ on being' free to act
as a-unit'in defense of each others
rights.--   This is the quickest and most
effective method of organizing the non
union mining districts of the country.
"Can this be done? - Yes, if the United Mine Workers act as a unit.   There
is no^lme.for personal quarrels within
the .ranks" of the organization.   Demand to-know from your leaders where
they stand on the policies to govern',
and support those who believe in and
will support   united   action.     Does
this mean a general strike on April
1st?"    NOT    NECESSARILY.'     The
whole problem can be worked out with
out a strike.    The non-union districts
qan be organized.   The EIGHT HOUR
DAY can be extended. - > The mine riin
system can be established in all. districts... ., An advance in wages can be
obtained, and what is of equal importance the mining industry lifted to a
higher" arid riiore respectable position
among the industries of the country.
-    '     7 ,      -    T. L. LEWIS.
^Bridgeport, Ohio, Nov. 29th, 1911.
. .'A,deposit of One Dollar" opens a savings'
account in the Ilpmo Bank and. Full Compound
Interest is' paid at the . highest bank rate.
There is no-formality iu opening an' aceoun't—
call,in and leave your'name and address and
.take yomypass-book.y"If you are,away,;;from
town-and. need money,you may make, a with-'
drawal <£rom * your * account, with , the Homo
Bank, through the mail.
20G
Head
Office
TORONTO
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager. *! "y
Branches and connections
. throughout Canada
= Fernie Branch.
FIFE MINE TO, BE OPERATED
trated" away, and is. a distinct loss, to
the,.mine .workers. .<, -   - y.
yWhat is.'true^of ,th*ev* districts named
•-willfalso^apply to "V-greater or less
"exterit^to/'the states" of Colorado, "Montana, "."Wa'siiirigtdn -'and the Canadian"
Provinces.-   iiuthc-non-union districts
of -Pennsylvania^ West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland,- Kentucky, Tennessee,
Alabama" and.Colorado the mine workers' are deprived, of .the right to organize and denied- the, right of peaceful
public "assemblage. /-Owing to the application ~g6f'the power of might and
a complete .Ignoring of the laws of the
state,^the "United.Mine Workers have
been gradually driven out of Alabama,
the^'greater part; of Tennessee, a part
bf Kentucky, West Virginia'and Maryland, parts of Pennsylvania and South-
erri^Coloradb."—;'In Pennsylvania and
West Virginia^there are over two huri-
dred"ari"d".nfty;tnousand (250,000)" non-union, inine.:- workers,v and  over one
hundred<:thou&and (100,000) non-union
wine'rs in. other sections of the couri-
~tTy.-7 The rapid increase in the development'bf the,mining industry is in-,
creasing* the num'be'r of non-union mine
.workers*more ,rapidly\than the membership of the; United Mine Workers.
The cause of this deplorable condition "in the mining industry1 can be
traced directly to the policy of permitting, our. forces to be divided on the
industrial field,   by   negotiating arid
signing wage 'contracts locally or by
districts!    .The'signing of local and
district wage agreements and permitting the,few.mine owners to operate
their,inlnes and make, temporary large
profits, fill the markets-usually supplied by the striking miners and prolong'the .contests in those districts
where tlio operator's refuse to grant
the demands of the mind workors.*. In
a number of Instances demoralization,
or tho aefcoptanco of rules In wage
contracts that should not exist,' has
boon the result of this division In the
ranks' of tho mlno workers,
The- remedy- for tho oxlstlng- ovll,
that is causing so much confusion and
demoralization in tho mining Indus-
Charles Dempster,"manager of the
Fife Mines has' arrived ' iri Rossland
after a three months business trip to
New York: He states he has received instructions from.his principles to
start the -Fife Mines again and -work
will;'commence pri.that property about
the--'first-of the year. He is also
golrig.' to. inspect] some properties in
and around Rossland with a view to
operating somo one of them. Should
he?find;one which will offer sufficient
encouragement to his principals he is
assured tha't money will be put into
the "camp "to begin work. This would
of course,be "bn only a small scale at
first bufwould lead'to bigger things.
Capital   Paid   Up   ........% 2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets  7. 40,000,000
The Bank\of Hamilton- has   made
./"  saving simple—by.ellminatin gall unnecessary Dank forrhality..
An account may be opened with the
-deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act' as- ari incentive to
--steady saving and will quickly- grow
," to a sum 'worth while.   -
-,J. R. LAWRIE.
Agent
ShHohhGiwe
STOPS COUGHS PRICE. 25 CENTS'
•COALON-QUEEN CHARLOTTE
-7777? :.':':■ island y        —"
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund,....".
Coal- ha"s'-\beenyknown  to  exist, on
Queen Charlotte, Islands for the ■ past
thirty year's,'says "the Queen Charlotte
News'* 1 "It-was discovered in 1859 by
William "Downie;'a'nd .explored in "'1885'
by W.'A. Robertson, but'little dovelop-
wbrk has been done until within   the
last six months."; .At the present time,
however;1.there''* are ' three   diamond
drills' in operation—one in the town-
site'of-.QueenCharlotte.    Two of the
drills are Jn'operation   within nine
miles of Queen Charlotte City.    A notable'feature with referenco   to   tho
Queen Charlotte anthracite coal Is that
It carries a-high percentage of,fixed
carbon andJs-poBltlvoly a smokeless
coal.     In, addition to the resources
mentioned;-large deposits of Iron oro
nro known to exist on what ls known
ns Louise Island, one of the group of
Queen Charlotte Islands.   On tho wost
coast bf Graham Island the D. C. Oil
FloldH Co.,-havo been drilling for the
past throo, months for,,oil  that Is
known whether It-, ls of commercial
value or not.
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
6,000,000     ,Capita)   Paid  Up       5,996,900
"5,996,900    '-'Total Assets :.7..'...    "72,000,000"
D7R. WILKIE, President          HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vfce-Pres.'
.,   , 7 BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead,^Cranbrook,- Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Mo'yie, Nelson,
"          - '   Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. i
'    '             "" 7   "            SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on'deposits at current rate from date of deposit.   '   '
■^-EERNIE-BRANCH- ..   ■-*-= :—^GEO^irBrBEUl^Manager
KENNEDY  &  MANGAN
An Authority on
Alberta's Wealth
PRESERVING LUMBER
-   Is now occupying a great deal'of
attention,- It's a good thing.  '
FIRST-CLASS, LUMBER   ,,
is getting so scarco that Goma
dealers do not havo any at all.
Wo havo plenty, however. Wo
make a speciality of handling
only high-grade stuff, which,
wise dealers will tell you, Is
really tho choapeot.
OFFICE and YARD,  M0PHER8ON AVE., OPP. O. tt, DEPOT,  FERNIE
■I '
movement nfneo 1000, not becnuno tho
Locturnlg recently to tho Young Ub-
orals of Edihonlon, J. K. Cornwall,
M. P. P. for tho l'once "Rlvor district,
had much of IntoroBt to Bay respoctlng
his vast constituency,     i
To Illustrate his romarlcfl, Mr. Cornwall was provjded with a map of Alberta. Into a corner of'thin map ho
had Itisoi'lod tho JIiihsIihi province of
ToholBk, Hltiiotod In a moro northerly
lntlludo thnn that of Alberta. Tho
lecturer Informed Mh iiudlcnco Hint
mllllonfl of biiHliolii of whoat woro harvested nvery year In Tobolsk undor
climatic conditlonn Ickh fnvornWo than
thoeo of northern Alberta.
llio geographical centre of tho province said Mr. Cornwall, was about 80
miles north nnd 20 inllcx east of Edmonton. The railway to Athabasca
Landing had Juist reached "t\ point
ai)](tut 20 mllon wrfit of tho contro or
tho northern   half   of   tlm nrnvlnw>
government had spent $50,000,000. At
Port Smith, Alberta had a port to
impend from tlio ocean, Tho waterfalls ot tho north had a forco of about
77^,000 horse-power. The fulls 011 tlio
liny rlvor, a rlvor not Bliown on tho
maps, rivalled iho falls of Niagara.
Only Indians nmi (nippcm had hcuii
thorn, The falls at Fort Smith, which
woro about'10 feot In height, had n
(ui|»nt'lty alone of 300,000 horso-powm*.
fn the north woro mllllonH and millions of foot of pulp wood mid *l«poult«
of osluilt Hiifflciotit to pavu tho h'hjoik
of rill tho cities, towns ftml villages In
the northwoHt.'
MOVED
Wo bog to announco that for
tho present wo are removing our
Btock from the Victoria Avonuo
premises to tho old stand on
Pollntt Avonuo, and thoro hopo
to muot all our customers.
Dy a atrlct adherence to business wo trust to merit a continuance of your valued patronage
A COMPLETE LINE ON 8ALE
AT   A. A.   McBEAN'8 STORE
Fernie Home Bakery
Tolophono 180
EFFECTS OF POVERTY,
CAUSE OF POVEftTV
A vordlct of $1(5,000 linn been awarded Patrick Urnnuan, of Troy, III,, be-
caiiKe of Injuria which fractured his
back.     Ho was brought Into court
REMEDY FOR POVERTY1 on ft cot to glvo hlis testimony.   Ho
Will Crooks, upoaklng at "flrndford,
Ynrlmlilro    vocmiUi'    nf   *li«   »«i*!«i'«"
1 wiih hurt by a.fall of Klrite,
*   *   *
•    According to government BtnllHtlc»
%Jfm       ITb     JKn
Annual
EASTERN
CANADA
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario, Quebec &
Maritime Provincos
Tlrkrtu U'liicil Iii (-(unicilliin with AU1111II0
HIcimii-.IiI|k will lm mi Kih' fi on, Nov, Killi
tu Pre. MM lm lu»ln> mill llmill-it to llvn
ItlfillUlx fioiii ililll' of l-Mir.
t'ltifA i>i|ii||iiiii'iil.Hlfiiiilii|i| ril-»t(.'liii.'i 11111J
Tniiii1-! Hli'ciiliifcH'iiiN   I lining l.'an<
l.ll nil ll;[i'H|.'ll ItallH
'('iiinpiu11111 nl, Mtit.itr, <il»»ri-vulloii Cut- on
"liiipi-ilnl l,ltnlii«l"
TiCKETS ON SALE
.   Doc. 1fitto3lfit fnclunlvo
Rot urn limit 3 montlm
Vuk'ii c-I Glial Viildu t-*i*ti U ^^
wlll^nll tlio powers nnd Influence* that
aro tuishliift Socialism, with n fund of
onlyJCOO.OOOT
' If "tho Crown has hfiwi throatoncd
*.»'* ii.'C jtiUwM'kU i;»«.JuA'»i     %t.ci.i k»\*h
can |500,000 ha utWwl to savo tho
Monarch from furthor Insult, or how
can tho Crown bo forfeited.
Tho nbovo circular from tho Antl*
Socialist Liberty Union of Great IMfe
nln is a Kraft purs nnd simple, and
tho coterlo that la responsible for the
circulation of such n circular thnnU
ba niroiie." for ntternpting to ohmln
monoy under filso pretense.
Socialism cannot be stayed by lory-
Injr dsseaamenttt on capitalism to put
•K'Utor* in tb* field to preach *t-
alnit Soclaltsm fa iho natural result
of capitalism, and nothing can stop
eT0ln!fon,--Mfnners" Journal.
,    ,,       ,, „ . .„ ,oiily il momlwrH of tho incgi'o raeo are
miners wero opposed to tho Interstate | Two hundred and fifty miles north of I strlko, Hold It waa annnntnneniifl to. {vim0jMi m t(Uj ullU„.u.ll0 COll( „„„««.
Apply I)imh<»i *', V. It, nm-nt fur iMttlruUin,
iirwrllult. (J. .Vi'NKIf.l.lK,
.-. ., i....ti.rii.i ,\mvi,u-.ih'nry
juidt, iiiwtsthtijit, but uitiipiy^.buciiiiiio
(hero was no" positive, stiiccro cl't'ott
made to have lllinoln become a part
of lho lulunitato joint niovemont of
tho Contrnl Compctlllvo coal field. To
cswtuufttt it iiiiiu-i iuii vyHtem tor nil
|ho statos It is necessary to havo all
states represented ln tho Joint convention.    Tho Boulhwast mlnlog districts llko Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and
other districts, hnvo suffered from tho
results   of   poroWnil nnd motional
strikes,   Tho loss of trado to somo of
then* dUtrlefu httn caused hardship and
sufferine la tho homos of tbe mine
workors.   Substantial gains have been
made by increasing wages, but rules
are elng Imposed on the mlno workers
that limit tfc*tr tlglil* and Impose
heavy portnltlo* for ftlMcoif Vfoty'fM
of contract*.     Mirny conditions of
employment aro gradually being arid-
Kdinonton ho had M'on '.10,000 bushola | volt ngnlnst tho eondltloiiH men wero 1     *      gflft ^ m1m&
of ivhciit fully 111.itund.    In tho build-,compelled to work under.   Hod nil tlio i^^   i»onnRylvnrWi   no
lng of tho Kilmoiiion Uonn! of Tnido 1 iiivn ln-'t'ii In lho unions thoro would 1   '^J ftr<J/|ll W()|.jt"
of the funic
,uly 3,000 nc
thoro were  ion IxihIioIb ot splcndtd
wJicut mown In Ifttltmlo 58 north.
In norlhrrn Alberm. «/ild Mr. Cornwall further, tlutre w«« a network of
■1,000 mllcn of imvlgablo watern. A
vessel drawing nlno feot "of water
could proceed for 000 miles on the
Peace Hlver. He did not hesitate to
declare the Pence Ulvor superior fron»
tho standpoint of navigation to tho
MUaUJlHi' uu wlilcl: lliu UiilUitl Hl,kU:w
not hnvo boon audi a revolt, for rlr-
<-umMnnc<'fi would linve lienn illffiTfiit
j ears nj;o. A mnn who ruimifneil outside of the union nnd got all tho privileges of unionism without contributing anything towurdu the maintenance
ot It wnn Kite n man who ntolo a
wreath from 0 grave and got a piizo
tiiX It .ll A UuVHT ttllOW,     H W»K lllVilOH j
alleged thnt the "emplrd was In dan
K*tl'
A Woman of Fpw
Words.
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosnhonol »»*»»** «*'» w»»* fa (Im b*»r
«im «n<i vllklitr. i'r*«*tar« drttf **A til t*m*l
ttillUl* It»«»l *t tot*. l**M«|>tM4«l fltll
mt'ir rotl» n*«r nun. Vita >:1 • Mr «,-1wi fur
«* i4»i>^lt*n»*'Mr»" Vh«N«ob«tl»rvtT
ro, ht. l*th*rln**. Out.
For Sals at Bteaidttl's Druo Store
Mrs. Harry R. Uyo,  ^rnln  Rtreot
north. Mount Forest, Ont., writes:
"Your r«uiiiMy for kldno), blndder
j and stomach trouhlo haa given mo
*lit.-» workhiK men wci<» askinii • ureal relief.    Have taken three boics
aValVUI Jff
I UllU
for a decent existence.    The workors I and now feel llko living and better
had miprovwl their potltlor  hy ton 'than 1 havo ever felt for years, and I
million fiounds during the past year,
owing to tho strike.     "Our fathers
glvo your
FIO PILLS
knew the effects of poverty." said Mr. ull tho prafae, for thoy are the best
Ciookx "Wto know tW t*UM. If *o ,1 l.uv« »w UW." At all dw»lor», iii
do our duty our children will find the jam! CO conta., or Tho Pig PHI Co.. St,
remedy.' j Thomas, Ont
and Sale Stables
Ffmt ef.ni Hi)r««f far Gate,
Cuyn Home* on Commision
George Barton    Phono 78
• If you want AM, THB NBWB sub-
«rrlho to tho Ijottgor—$1.00 per ami.
mmtiit*"""'' y?yf--:7y
h,- *
,1
l"V - '
7 ->''-
ir
by
ir-.-.;,-.. '
IS   -
?       V  "
y-''..,.
If. -   .   <
If. y.y
i . •
v-y
PAGE FOUR
ii.
y.ti,i\::^7y y"; -.7. y- yy-y^-'^y'"*-*'"' '-v^yyjy-y;   .. * -   - =.'-•"-' - Kv^s?^^
'■ "'""• ::*,y:"•   .' '777-\7!:%y7-    "777 >■/■■ ;*. ,-7  ■  -• --    '-^'?yV7^^?~V
.■.-'«"■   ■ •' W, " -* 7    .-^v-frc''"' "'■- --^ -V"'-" *1' ■ '"^~'l y^^"^y^7^z^-,'y"ry"y7/,Ky: y".;v"":j5^-7-:'^:*^ yy^-yj
l   THE DISTMOT IJTOOBE* FEMiii B>(£l)EdEMBE&lfr 1M1^ -H-7:-'^7v\- - 7.77777 7-'- :* .XVVy'^*-*-' - .3
•■■^■" w   .-■-.' ?
< 7 ■ ■"" y ■'      ,-;-'     -   "      -'' ''*
y Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue,": Fernie^. B.''. Q. Subscription $1.00
.per year in advance. "An. excellent advertising
medium.. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book,'job-and
color work.. Mail orders.receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
: y'■ * H, P. NORWICH, Editor..
Telephone No. 48, V " -.\Postoffice Box No. 380
THE GAIN OF SOCIALISM
WITHIN THE past few years the phenorfiinal
number of converts Socialism has made
throughout the, world has made the blue-blooded
aristocrats sit up and gasp. The recent elections
in Los Angeles has brought this out more than
anything else. In 1909 the Socialist vote in that city
was 2,000. On Monday of last week, i.e. two years
later, this same vote reached the enormous total of
52,293,, a»net gain of over 50,000 votes. -That Ear
riman was defeated by some 30,000 odd votes must
be attributed to quite unforeseen" and unexpected
events.' The MeNamara confession, for instance,
must have decided the waverers to vote against
him. For the first time women voted, and they
too must have been played upon-to vote against
- "anarchy." It must have been quite easy to win
votes under such circumstances.    Given a straight
, and fair run, which, of course, cannot be expected
when capitalists apportion such vast sums for elec-
i    tioneering purposes,- Harriman would have won
hands,down.   " ,        ■
In the United States there are over 1,000 Socialists in office,-and-the immense and rapid strides
the doctrines of Socialism are making amongst all
'* classes.is a "good augury for .the breaking down of
" \the barrier between the'.classes and masses in the
* .'"near future.  , If, as Congressman Berger of the
'-> .*■ United States saves, there will be a Socialist vote
• of 2,000,000 at the next presidential election,'workers of that country may feel pround of this^achieve-
•* ment, and look forward to the day,'not far distant^
when one of-their own—a man .who will recognize
_ that it 'is the, wealth producer who is entitled to
z conBideration-^williccnpy^the_7White^HouseA-at
Washington. ' „ ■    , ,'
- . It is not, however, only the United States where
the Socialistic principles are being so vehemently
fought for] In Germany it is even a greater force.
In that country the biggest-thinkers and'students
in all classes of life are.taking an active part in
the movement for the betterment of' humankind.
The result of the forthcoming elections in that coun-
i i1
, fry will show the Socialists to be a power in the
land.        .        y
Coming to Old England, ono finds vthc same optimistic conditions, Hero, perhaps, the labor element predominates, but labor and Socialism are,so
,   closely allied, that it cannot bo long beforo the wage
earners recognize tho fact that Socialism aims at the
..emancipation, pf tlio laborer and the suppression
- of the slave-driver. "-      '   »'
"What are the workors of this country doing? Arc
thoy going to heop pace with the forwiird'movc-
mont for economic emancipation? These facts
should nrouso their active support for those pledged
lo the carrying on oi! thoir struggle It is time
tl oy aroused from thoir apathy.
splurge, and - owing" to a mistaken notion, on the
question of vaccination, gain certain public support
which enables them to;get modified-compulsory,
vaccination legislation passed;^ We'say''"modify
ed" for the reason that very few communities-have
"absolute" compulsory.vaccination existentVThere
is~generally a! proviso that those-who have scruples
on the subject are permitted abstention from'the
law. In other words it is merely a strong recommendation for vaccination. ~. And, iri truth, in such
matters" this is about as far as any reasonable legislative body would care to go. ° Calgary- City Fathers, however, appear to be an exception, r They do
not recognize there ean be two opinion's on the matter/0 They evidently do not know that it has times
out of number,been proven that vaccination y»n
kill as well as cure. • Their action is nothing short
of dilly-dallying., with the liberty of the subject,
the most sacred right Britishers posses. Were a
test case Jo be made we'feel sure ho court, either
in.this country or Great Britains-would sustain such
legislation. . We trust some spirited citizen of
Calgary will obtain a judicial decision on this point.
SHOP  EARLY
THE DUTY OF OUR FOREIGN BROTHER
TVTEWCOMERS„to this country should,'at all
■*•' times bo weloomo, and ovory assistance given
thorn until thoy goi on thoir feot. Thoy in turn,
however, owo a duly to tho community as a whole,
■and thomsolves in particular. Thoy should study
conditions in this country, and by uniting with their
fellow men remedy whatever evils in our social,
political nnd municipal life that may bo existing.
Although this cannot bo done individually, it can
ho accomplished by concerted action. So long as
they'remain and llvo for thomsolvcs alone; ho long
must l.hcy ho'prepared to get all the hard knocks
which their masters not infrequently mole out lo
Hi cm.
"In Union thoro is Strength" is an old adage,
hut ono which cannot ho too often impressed upon
tho minds of cadi and ovory ono. Tho worker
should immediately (jot into touch with 'tho labor
'lenders in his niMhI nnd soo that ho becomes a
member of tho union of his trade, or calling For
throo yonrs ho will not bo permitted to hnvo a say
in the government nf the country, hut bo soon nR
this nlloted period oxpircs ho should Ioro no time
in claiming tho privileges of citizenship. Ho must
bocomo n naturalized British siibjocl. Thero can
be no oxciwo on nay account for fniluiro to do this.
Ho owes it to himself and his fellow citzens. Tho
ballot is tho only means whereby ho can have any
hopes of redressing tho mnltifcrous grievances;
under which ho laliorn,
OOMPUL80RY  VACCINATION
TN Calgary a bylaw is about to come into force
*    (on January lot), whereby every child attending tho public schools must ho vaccinated.
/-From timo to time vaccintion fanatic* mako n
THE time for, buying Christmas presents is fast
approaching. The recipients will be glad to
receive them.. - Purchasers should also* remember
that the shop clerks are entitled to some consideration. Do not wait until the last minute and expect to be attended to at' once, then grumbie because bf slowness. The majority of buyers suffer
no personal inconvenience by shopping early, and
by.,so'doing are enabled to make a better selection,
likewise the clerk ean give more- attention. * 7 ''
Some of the people who are loudest in their complaints if compelled to work a' few minutes overtime are the worst'-.delinquents when the "shoe is
on the other foot.', * y   '      ,    ■    '
 "_    **•' '     .- . t _ -
THE members of the Socialist Party are continually being accused of refusing to listen to argu
ments to prove thefallacy of their doctrines. Their
opponents (laim that "so soon as they open their
mouths to object,to any statements they make the
converts of this '.'perverse, doctrine" butts in (to
use a colloquial expression) and prevents a calm
discussion. Now, this may-happen when the individual attacked'is nbtsufficiently well grounded
on the basic principles of Socialism. ' However, as
a general rule, an observer cannot fail to note, if he
has atended any number of meetings for the discussion of the greatest-question now bef6re the people
f or -their-'; solution,, that'eriticism of all remarks
madeonthe platform of the Socialist Party is particularly-invited. 7 "It is this fact that is one of
the outstanding features of-this much-abused move-'
ment.,\ ' TOh%erVhl3^6tLb"^^
tbis applies more especially tothe workers (menial
"and manual) who are directly interested ,in their
emancipation, as well as ourpther critics—a cordial
invitation is'extended to bepresent at the meetings
held every-.Sunday^evening in,the basement of,the
Miners' Hall at 7.45.
.Whether or not you agree with the ideas expressed, your intelligence cannot be impaired by discussing the problem from your own point of view,
as well as hearing the views of others. As Joseph
Dietzgen says,- 'The People's "cause is connected
with the faculty of thought,' and it is up to the
workers of all grades to develop that faculty. ■ Tn
order to understand any question you must apply
your mental powers arid analyso things as they appear to you.- -Remember it is your own opinion
on any given subject that is of consequence. Unless you are convinced you cannot convince others.
If you can convince yourself that othor amusements are more important to you than a study of
questions of vital import as members of the working class, tho longor your enslavement will continue. A short timo spent once a week should not'
bo too much of a sacrifice to ask of any worker,
whether mental or manual, who is at all intorestel
in getting tho full product of his labor. . The weekly meetings roferrcd to testify to the fact that qiiito
a numbor aro sufficiently intorcstcd, but'every
worker should got busy and speed tho Cause. , ,
Tho workors must continually boar in mind that
thoy and thoy alono can effect thoir economic om-
anoipation. Therefore, the sooner thoy realize the
necessity for equipping thomsolvcs -for tho tnslc
beforo them the quicker tho goal will bo reached.
To your masters your apathy, is praiseworthy, but
to your class it is criminal. What nro you going
to do about it Tho timo — 7.45, Sunday even-'
ingsj tho place—tho Basement pf tho Minors' Hall;
tho Cause—tho Emancipation of Humanity,
OUR readers may havo road with somo amusement tho report of. tho meeting of tho Conservative Association, which decided upon thoRo men
they thought would bo tho most effective on thoir
executive lo educate (?) or lend tho voters on tho
right road to tho polling booths for tho noxt elections. Tho numbor of workers on tho list is signi*
fienntly Inrgo is it not? Of course, thoy havo your
interests at hoart arid select good men to appeal to
your intelligence. ■ This quality of intelligence,
howovor, you only dovolop around, election t.im«n,
to judgo by tho remarks of somo of tho potty political heelers. Hnvo yo urenlly developed this attribute, nnd if so, are you going to mako it npparent,
when the opportunity presents itsoltl
To uso a Scriptural quotation j "Bownro of fltrohg
drink," and tnko no hood of flattery, hut hoar in
mind that numbors thnt hampor you on tho Indus-
trial field aro your strength on tho political field.
•?»•?'
:JKV
Tho flown at tho "Coal Digffor," a paper devot
od lo tho interests of tho coal miners of tho Smlo
of Washington f», "Find'wit what tho operator*
want you to do, and then don't do it" Ridiculous, Isn't it? Who'wiys so? Tlio workers? Of
course—not! ,   .
.*;■.«
&&"■
lies
No
vm
f\:?; The finest bran~ges'in the world-rrthVprize'-y
;Jcrop of 5,000 California groves—are "Sunkist." f-
7.7*>These are^the perfect oranges with the yalua-".
":"ble wrappers.yYpur dealer will supply you with- ,•:•«£*•*!
);luscious./Sunkist"-orariges—that npQti7m th€-7^^\
*.tvpsrr & finer flavor than you have, ever" before;*r^**.-i
7tasted—at "no.;higher prices 'than '"ypu;have'*A*?f^.M
paid for thpse,6£ muck *     ~   *"    '' -'■•--'*
_ .Insist ori each orange i
you ,in^a-wrapper, inarked "Sun- j.'^gf-ssp
-kist/'r-Forfluch are genuine:71 *!*$%**
Most Healthful b£ All FruitV 'IgJ^j
.. .Children's^Bweet tooth" Is 8atlsBod7 N"* **
by this wholesome fruit. Healthful and j
economical "Snnkist" oranges now/
take tbe place of sweets In many homes.!
BeantUnl drariflc Spoon Toon >*£ ? <
Savo 12 ."Sunkist" orange or .^*L5
ian you; have >wf.¥>|'
less quality.'- $'&$L|<
ge coming toy;fo$fi«i
irked "Sim- tttStogBM*
i
p«\\i
lemon'wrappers, or trademarks'
out from wrappers, and sendthem
to uj, with 12c in Btamps to help
pay charges, packing, etc.. and we r
will send you this genuine Rogers".
silver orange spoon.
Fruit Knife for24Wrappera
and 20a ln stamps. Kioellent quality—eenulne Rogers' eilTer. In re-
imttuiff.'jplMM tend caih when tho,.
-amoant fo 1«h than 20c; on amounts
above 20c., wo pref»r postal note,
moner order, express ordsr or bank '
draft..;-    .„ •   --'
,14 "Sunkist" Premiums
4Uli
*».«•■/
^TntasrtlUriAWnt '   „
Economical
>Sunlrist'>Lemoii8
hwy
TabUKdfe Oysterr«tk , .
TaUeForh     ' CUU'a lark    ... Tbln-BUnned, extra'
rZfSP&u** SS'rtSlr*"     inter, and each cornea in.
B^m.aBBs£.. tSSST     '* a valuable "SnnkUt"
tUlaiForfe BattwSpreader "•• thtrso farther than
Send for fuU description, number ether lemons. They cost
. of wrappers and amoont o( cash »o more and tbe wrap-
necessary to secure each'article, pert aro valuable.   :" •"'■
California Fruit Growers' Exchange
. 108 Bad Sired, Ea*t, Coratr Caarca Street* Toreato, Oat''
"OurLetter Box'
Tho District Lodger accepts no responsibility for tho views oxprcgttcd by its corrcs-',
pondonta Communications will bo inserted
whether signed by the real namo ot tho
writer or a nom de plumo, but tho writer's -
namo and,address must bo given to tho
Kdttor aa evidencoof good faith. In no case
will it bo divulged without consent.
(The'following letter was sent to the
Edmonton-.Capital, Journal and-.Bulletin, - arid Registrar, Department of
Labor, "Ottawa.) 7 ' 7 ■
„■ ~ y" Cardiff; Alta., Dec. 8, 191,a'.:
Tj th,e;- Editor,'"* Dlscdct Ledger- "•'. , „
ti.hr Sirr-^I: w'ouid like you to' in-'
sert^thejollowihg In your paper, dealing' with'"the dispute between the':<Al-
herta Coal Mining Company and., its
employees;''""'"'Ir-'- •'', ;,,,:-,, ~~~c ry-
In c'onriectiori-with the dispute it is
already well known what action was
taken when the men quit work on/the
9th day; of November'.
Mr.'Montgomery applled'fora board
arid this board ^jhade its report on
Dec. 7th.' 7 7 '7 7,
.Mr;. Montgomery immediately "got
the report and called a meeting of his
employees at noon to-day, and presented a proposition on which he said the
mine would- work, which, by the way,
was not the report of the board, and as
he said he wished to get away In a few
minutes,* lie waited-to.know" if they
would accept, stating .further that if
the mon„did not'accept that tho mine
would be- closed down, and added that
if tho men went to work In the afternoon they would be understood^ have
accepted his proposition. '
The men-stated thoy wo;ild bo willing to continue working under tho old
conditions, and would give him their
decision in the matter by Monday-at
noon. ^
; This was not satisfactory, and the,
mlno wns closed down,by tlio company
Immediately. ■
At a mooting liold this evening of
Local No. 2378,-of tho United Mlno
Workers of America, of whloh tho employees of tho Alborta Coal Mining Co,
nro' mombors, tho following motion
wan ndoptod:
"That wo notify Mr, Montgomery
(as manager of tho Alborta Coal
Co.) that wo nro prepared to nocopt
tho report ot tho Board, and to work
undor tho conditions laid down Ip
that roport, providing U;o opportunity Is given, and that a copy of such
notico bo sont to tho Jtoglntrnr nl
Ottawa and tho newspaper* In Edmonton." v ■
This Ib solf explanatory. On bolmlf
of omployooB,
Yours, etc., '
W. J, WILCOX,
yioo-ProHldont Local 2378, U.M.W.A.
DISCRIMINATION
Michel, B, C„ Doc. 13,1011.
To tho Editor, Dlstrlot Lodger:
Eonr Blrr-Would you kindly gho
mo space In your noxt Issuo to point
out tlio Injimtlco tliat.fs bolng meted
out to (he minors of Michel, Horo
wo nro'; wa go down to lho offlco overy
day to ask for worlc, with tho samo
old story "Nothing, doing." 8o wo
Mctui our way homo uiju'n, tlijnkin8.it
may be bettor luck noxt tlmo, But,
wh<m tho following dfty comes, lo!
whnt do wo boliold but mon Btnrtod lio
work llint havo not boon In tlio camp
tiuioffi. Also others thai, hnvo como
dlroet from tho old country; others
that hnd tnkon n vncntlon Ions boforo
tho strike commenced, find othors,
again, that havo not dug conl bofoM
In this camp. Now, whoro doos tho
Jiwtfrn romo Inf Whon you stand by
tho offlco nnd soo thooo now bunds
wrtrtdnc, ono cannot help thinking,
them's nothing llko being a friend of
the boss, snd I c»n glvo you' my-word
thero are Iota of friends 1a Michel,
Tho sooner those things aro ftltor-
•d tbo belter for all concernod, and
M tin hnvo n Jim* Mfr ptoy— f Jnww
we\don't get much.    Thanking you in
anticipation," 77  ,.i ■• - ' ' '. r
...'   I remain/    „' ,-t   ,-.     ".      - '
.ONE OP •raE^NOTHlNG' DOING.';
EXPRESS TRAINS COLLIDES
• OGDEN, Dec 7—Sixteen persons are
reported to'have been killed when-two
fast "express, trains collided - on ; the
Union Pacific riilroad. this morning, i
7> "To-day'the theological-phrases have
lost their'power to enslave, and/most
of all, among the revolutionary classes
of-the, people. ,s Referenoe'.to hlstori-
cal.right has alsbiost Its force.-,- The
rayoiutionary origin of presentrlghte
arid present government Js still, so. x&i
cent that, their legitimacy can be chal:
ienged:'*^KMlXKauto»7- •■' «  V': -,7j
L. En McDonald
,   HOR8E8HOEINQ /;
GENERAL   BLACK8MITHING
and ■
CARRIAGE  BUILDING  .
Express' and Delivery Wagons a
,     Speciality*       -4       \
8TORE FOR RENT'
Finest bullulng ^botween^othbi'Idgfc
and Fornlo, located at Hlllcrost, Alta.,
tho property- of Local' 1058. Building
80 x Sil,' with concroto foundation;
basement, 40 x 33, A cash Btoro preferred. This is a splendid opportunity for any ono. Tho coal company
horo aro now spending a big sum on
development'work.
Full particulars from tho secretury,
JOHN TAYLOR,
Recording Socy,
Hillcrost, Altn.        " 7"
Here it is, Waiting for I)
WANTKD-^-GIrl for- gonoral houso-1
work..    Apply, Mrs. Frod Johnson,
LOST—In tho vicinity of Central
School, pair ot gold rimmod spectacles
ln caso. Return to J. W. Qulnnoy and
got roword, —   ,  17-tf
Mnrry—Why romnln lonoly? Tho
Ideal Introduction Club loads to linppl-
noes, A strictly prlvato, high-class,
up-tO'dntfl medium for properly Introducing worthy, marriageable pooplo of
nny nationality, religion, ago or financial condition, , Many pooplo waiting, rich and poor, Particulars froo.
Plain, scaled onvolopo, -1, (J. Wilson,
Box 1770, Vancouvor, B, C.       2M7
FOR SALTiJ—Subject to. short lease,
T-IoiiHO and Lot cornor Rlvorbank Avo,
and Prior Stroot," Apply to L, r, Hck-
stoln.
hum, tiiuistnis, or aiHA-lKU, ono
Vu-blnrco Mr&ulo Bilch. Any lator-
mntion lending to tho recovery of
samo will bo appreciated by W. Par-
noil, Wost Fornlo,
lib liMilruaif'Ol'.tiALlKr-Ajii.iy Vy,
W. Pnrnoll, Fornlo, B.C.
TO RWNT—Two-roomod Plnstorod
House, with coal houso, toilet and
wator, Apply, R. Wright, Wost
Fornlo. 1«.M'
tmmmmm**m*^mam*^m*i*m*»*m^Mm^Mammm+mmmwmimmmm*mi**mmil***»»
HOWRK'WRPRn-'Cor croup of
oljtht or ton mon, "first-class refer-
enrosj oxporlonced; middlo-agcd; ro-
I'nblo,    Apply, II., c«>, Lodger Offlco.
VOVSn—VfvUo null Torrl^r.     fly
Jl    ■   _* -t
1
-.<.•"- \ -""-   "*-* h -
av;
:^ip|^ng^yGi^^
v^f •■■
The. Store of GbodTValties
-
a.
*■'> 7*X7l^St;V;Sat^dky--Pay^ \
■'   ■' .:•* ","■",. ' - "'; "* 7"^",;i7, - •-' \ yy   ,    7,   v7-'--r. ■?'  ■",.
\  ;■'-»; THE'MBH'B FTONWHIN<* DBPAETBCBNT t;
;'~-7'': 'Cy',".*' ';:;7'   ■"'■  .'. 7'.*-■,--;»-.-■''',■ -'i-5 7-'
, w  Men's Heavy Workirig Shirts, in Tweeds,-Flannels arid Drills; "*
^Regular values, $1.25, $L35, arid.$1.50      ' t   -"     < > V
». »   oovm/r   ■>",   ".'' •"""' "' v   .i"1"-'. "   "       ""-"'"(aKi«-;" ■""■    *:
, . ->   ., *- <\ i .- - > c
Men's Heavy Grey Wool Working Socks, good value at 25c.
- %./■i'BPEOIAL^5?atafor^•*:^A,:.^^.i.7,$1.00*'." 7    c
-^-   .".,"-    . .;. - .-, „„   . .'. '■ ■' 7,  ,, ...,, '. '. _    .» .. >
er> 7 Meri'sSweater Coats, in a pleasing assortment of color com-
7. binations.   .You can't afford to be without one at the special '
. Price..-. Kegular,;$1.25, $1.35'and $1.50. '.' ... ,   ; _„_. A
"':.    • SPECIAL .......--..-...,».............. , 95c.",
■ " '   ■' •        . •■,-' -.*"-■ a ■• ^ -.  -   ' -      ,.     .-.""' *-.' * -
-'.Men's.:Superior.quality .Wool. Underwear,-/guaranteed'un-
7shrinkable and good fitting.   , "   ^.y '    ' ■ .."'_• ,7   : -7'7'
'7'■-'}   ( SPECIAL, Per Garment 7...:......i775c. 7
..;,  Men's Fur-lined Winter Caps in^a .pleasing assortment"'pi""
'"patterns. " T. ,    7   .'y   .-. ■-'-.?, .,-"   ' - "   -      7   * 7 _
. frf     SPECIAL ...-.;.'..,.",'.x.*....'..'....i." 45c.  'y
■:  .- Men's "Excelda' Handkerchiefs in plain and fancy borders. .
,  ^ ... SPECIAL'.-..?.-:;.......".'''.'.yy.......,;.10c."'.-.-yivyi ■
Just a remindeirfor Cteistrnw' Gifts: \;:"Bilk,Scarve"», B^k .
Handkerchiefs, Combination Suspenders,."Arm. .Bands, arid,;
Garters/Neckwear, Gloves! Slippers.     " .77   ^
■ * Leckie's Solid Leather.Pit Shoes are 'the9best.   °WE HAVE
^THEM V:....♦...;..7:•".'.-.%;..)'. \\.\...../..:"   $4.50 to $6.00^-
'7 t *'.     I    "      <■  L'     (       ^ i'i      ,J*   4 -- '   ' ' 7   '-    ' "■ i"*S     "  r*   "     ^r,       ,-■«'"'
v     -    '"''*» i\ ~ '' "* ^   J ' *""■     *    *        »i    < i"-     -f     *■ *   <i      -■ i    *. ..!■(■*
LADIES' READY-TO: WEMt^^ DEPARTMENT >. '
Holidays Sale in the Ladies' R«a.dy-to-Wear Department;
; Specials values that will-appeal to all who require the best iri,
Ready-to-Wear, especially,when such can be purchased atpriac- •-
tically factory cost   7,      7     . - r\     : •'■-,,    -fy\..,,
7-In'Suits we are showing the season's latest models,,coats.,
;,.bein'gvsemi:fittirig7arild.28 inches in'lerigth—our - showing is\l
■made'up, of "strictly tailored, as.wellas some slightly triinmeC'
models, the majority being.silk-lined.*.' ;For this ^season the7
.-most.favoredl'ihaterials are tweeds and: serges, in plain';,and7
, faricyv^iixturesl" ._'   '"   ' "7.*'   .■,-„.«•..—, /7. 7,-7 .-,."-    L, 7
'•"5:7 '.•*■ ""* 7 Vy: ^yilJjyjES'^SUW^iyyyyf yfky
, "JRegular"$45.00 for?; 7. ."$32.50\ ,Regular'"$27.50 for7.i ::./$2o!6b -
Retrular $35.00 for7...-. $27.50; Regular.$25100 for..;; i. $17;50 !
'Regular.$32.5.0'iov\... $25.00.\Regular'$22.50"for77.~; $15.00'1
-, Regular $30.0P for :'.-.. $22.50 vRegular.$17.50 for :;;y$l^l?5p7
-y;—--~--L™   7^rRemiiar$15700^6Wryr$10SOy^^~7^v?7'^';
/ '
'^'i
--i   -jj
•'*'■ t
■
=$1050^
'LADIES' bRESSESfor Street, Evening^iand'AfteraMa'Wear7
' ,   Our range" consists-of the season's'newest^.creations' in a./
Vvafied assortriient of styles,- made-from-Pariama;'Serges,^Silk's,"7
-Satins',,phiffons, Foulards andNets.- 7No two styles alike; ■-'7--
..,Regular$45!d0"fo'r,.':.." $32.50 * Regular $22.50 f or".-.... $15.00
Regular $40.00 for .... $^0.00., Regular $16150 for ....'. $13,25
* Regular!$35.00 "for v...'. $27.50   Regular $15.00 for'...'. $11.75
y Regular $27.50"for".... $20.00, Regular $13.50 for :..7$10.25
. Regular $25.00, for^... $17.50'. Regular $11.50 °for .. V. $ 8.75
■■   .•.:': ,/•'•   -.    >. -.-""7 **'' -     ,',  ,'- '• ' "
V, LADIES WINTER COATS in the Newest Materials 40$
LADD3S' WINTER" COATS   ;       -.'".,
. ' 'V -' .)-■'. -   ;   ,
-In the Newest, Materials, Roversible Coatings, Broadcloths,:
Beavers,'Diagonal Coatings.andFroize.. ./     .  •
Regular $35.00 for .... $27.60   Rogular $22.50 for .... $16.00°
» Regular $32.50 for V... $25.00' "Regular $17.50, for ..... $12.50
Regular $30.00 for .... $22.60   Regular $18.75 for 77. $'9'.00r
Regular $27.50 for .... $20.00." Regular $10.00 for .'...$ 6.75
Regular $25,00. for ..;. $17.50 ' Regular $ 8.50 for ...: $ 4,95
'CLEARING SALE OP WINTER MILLINERY   ,
OUR DRESSMAKING PARLORS AT YOUR SERVICE.
Get tho benefit of the SPECIAL GROCERY'VALUES offered
for Saturday Soiling
SANTA GLAUS will bo hero for a few days botweon the
hours of two and fivo p.m. COMMENCING SATURDAY, the
16th inst' -\        '        ,   .,     ""..->
' j
y :**■
'-.'. 1
< J
Food Choppers
that
don't
*** "
chew
•THE  "Unlveraal"   Food
Chopper chops all kinds
of food, whether meat
or vegetables—
*""**«*^ft(
many
sizes
90c to $3.50
J>. D. Quail
raw or cooked
~as coarse
or fine as
wanted—
rapidly
and
Does
away
entirely
with the
drudgery
ehojvplnjj
knife end
bowl.
Buy the genuine "Universal."
GET ONE
payment for thU ad. and „ applying
to Wm. Colo, Annex, ownor can ro-
cover tho animal; otherwlw, unleas
claimed wltbln four wccki will bo
k«pt by finder. n.p.
TO TtKNT—-(Furnlibed) 1 or 2 rooms
and kitchen; bath and «!*ctrlc light;
Vlfltoria Atmiu*. two blocki north of month. " Apply, Cro* and MoffAtt.
aohool.     Apply Lodver office.  8t.p.
WANTIBn—IIoiiHiik^per for worV-
Ingman; widower with two children.
Apply, p. O. Do*, 102, City.
FOR ItENT—Eight-roomed modern
1-Ioubo on Maephemon Avonuo; |20 per
'J
*;i
♦
FftWi1
SSSJIIBII**'*'*'-0"-*"""' -
/ f"~" !-= 7'7""-; 7^y7'5v;T'y .'---777 '•!.• yyy'"-y-:A'77'7y7;7yt7i7'y£ yi'Jv. -y7,::,  7   .
i ,■=* •,  -^   .   ."-7-"" 7'vJ.:';'7^,7^"'t,7-.■*7x77}'.y '■.. ,-f v^."-7"'>.,..".?.-.-:.'-i"'v7.*!.^;'7y  .7 -*-"
pS^lassigsif7'"'"'
£'-•
y/yy ■:-■>•-.;: ,, :-
7' ' ' ""''C'" ^"--7-77"    '"  >yw'"v!     - -.„ ■ %V_ O   'y';
THEVDISTWOT^I^Gifi, FEBNIE.'B. ,C, DECEMBER 16,1911
PAGE   FIVE
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.delivered^ \tb"« all'
; parts of 'the town.
I
Sanders A Verhaest Brother*.
Proprietor!  ;
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tre. T
**************************
-«
s
I N G E R
MACHINE
WM.     BARTON
'\J-''<■'."''7■•'" -    7 " ...,'-   *'   -    <•'""•
"*   Aerent   Fernie   Braiasli. J'
-v "-.'7   7       * - -"y "•'>•
.* Pellatt    Ave.    North J
;t    ,", "j       _-,.   ■ y   _ .   ■       ^ _   -'.\.   rJ-
S$¥¥¥V¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥*¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥^ i
"'-/
KING'S  HOTEL
-Bar supplied' with" the/best Wines,
;- '" .y ,,Liquors and Cigars    -
.'DINING ROOM IN CONNECTION
JW. MILLS,
Prop
v-
*" <•>"** ♦" ♦: #!♦ ♦'♦" ♦ ♦?♦ •♦
-■"'."-•  , .-7"7 7"   7 .7 -'-.    •'-;.-':v'^
: "V"- '""'."CORBIN^NOTES-r ."'"!l"."%
♦ -.' *" /;; ;By..'-Warbler^- ^.y'V'*
♦ ♦,,♦*♦.♦ <►"•>-♦ ♦ ^^"'♦'^
7. Therelection of a'miner ajTmemher
of th© Corbin TBoardoi JExamlners for
the .yeap-19i2,: which'. took - place 'on
Saturday. last, fr&ulted id' *' .Thomas
Brown'-'belng^elected.-r-; 777"..;" 'X
. -J. Johnebn' la/vno"w':'6ccupying the
poBltlon-ofi-chlef slate plotter; on the
tipple, and Is working steady now that
the responsibility Is'.Ief^ with him.     *
Wear® Informed that"Jack Linton
has left here to seek a little light labor .elsewhere.- ' If .Pa-was only here-
he would find' out what^ was wrong
with the 'dynamo. '•■'- 7 ," \
Lester Longden has returned from
his fruit" ranch in .West Kootenay and
has secured a position'aB coal miner.
More trade Tor Pat Burns In Copoln
as, the hoys-have started playing blU
Hards for sausages,to make their light
lunch after the game. It'as Jim's
luck-to pay ■ for,the .first feast, .and
u he-does not improve in playing
thej Butch- will have to .work overtime
making sausage's for him. The spectators* enjoyed the treat immensely;.-,
■'-. The Sunday school waY. started on
Sunday,- last -'under the • able supervision of Mr. Jim Hill and Lester Longden , bringing .'all'the 7M.SS.. that the
superintendent had forgotten. \W«
wish'them,success., Don't forget your
ddcuments next Sunday, Jim. 7,   ,.',.'
; Joe Jans was up here in search of
labor but be "was queered rather sharp.
tf Hurrah!: Co'rbin at lastU the proud
possessor of-a government.;building
similar to the one at New WestminsVer
hut not quite as large.; ,,'It has sufficient capacity to hold two. The car:
penter has plugged,up the stove pipe
hole tb prevent anyone escaping.'- 7
'- Tony Pallato, tipple "engineer, had a
car run away on-him\last week, and
nearly lost.his brake stick. \He also",
damaged-the' coal chute.
Chas. Dawson, the well-known, ran-'
cher from Medicine Hat, has taken up
hifr residence here.* 7He is still.practising "the dreamy" vaise"'and Corbin
glide. .:7\;./ yxy^:' "; *• ■'■ *
.."Dick Jones paid Fernie; and MicheFa
visit last week."'' He, reports, all-well,
but nothing doing77;;.,,';, .    *
We had hoped" to" have had^the pre-
sehce'-and support'of the^Rey^TFather
Summa't, of Prank, 'and^r/Podbieian-
cik, of Fernie, at the m^ttog^hut.'uh-.
fortunately we were disappointed seeing' it was Impossible for these gentle^
menTto be present with.';.usVat\that
tlmey"- ••";• -    ,_ ;.•--'•- t; y:^" ;7yvl7.J.,
The service was; held Un'the Socialist Hall, which, was" kindly ^placed, at
bur/disposal by'the' trustees for the*
occasion,-' and was attended by a large
and.'appreciative audience,,;- amongst
whom .were xnany.Aof the\f rlends" and
relatives of bur brethren who had pass;
ed on but ,a short time before'us "to
that goal where all petty jealousies
"and human .weakness cease, and where'
the tyranny of the tyrant and. the "-op-,
presslon of the'oppressor, are no more
possible: but where rich and poor find
that, level which ought to,' and- must
eventually he, the basis,' of the Kingdom of God made possible on earth.
The^service'was brought to'a" conclusion by .the,,congregation- rlslng^and
singing: -: 7   -.'7
Sun of my soul, thou Saviour dear,
-It is not night If Thou art near.' *..-• '
,»Oh", may no earth-born cloud arise ""'"'
To hide Thee" from-Thy servant's
7"' 77 eyes', " • A 'V' ' I"
♦'♦.♦♦♦"♦"♦',
BELLEVUE
Coleman
kbtel
W. H. Miirr
Prop.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦"♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ yv .- y . ";- •♦
♦   J MICHEL NEWS !   '    .   ♦
.♦ ♦"".♦..♦-♦%>:* ♦ ♦,>'♦
V, Mr.7-Thoma'B; Spruston, .late superln-1
tenderit'■'of-■ the^'collieries' here, ■ left"
Tuesday for Vancouver Island.'- " - ','
7. A meeting- of the directors of the
Elk Brewefy^was" held at the Great
Northern Hotel Tuesday afternoon. -
-' George' ■ Milleit, left for the coast
Monday .morning, where he expects to
do great things., ' " 7 7
', Teddy" Matfin left for the Old Country Tuesday,' night and expects to.
spend Christmas in Newcastle:        ->
Mr.' Harry Hutsbn is now boarding
at Campbell's. "What's the next move,"
Harry? *:,--,', .'- .■.'■' -■. 'v '- ,, .-',
, It's,ho use,-boys. - You'll have to
get a cutter and team if you want, to
win .a home. .-: ".77' •■■*-'■
' Mr. Sain Moores, bartender at the
Grand Union Hotel; was a visitor" here
this week.' .His-many friends were
delighted to "see .him.. 7',"
Who killed the.cat?-: >- * 7      -y
!♦■ ♦ ♦♦.♦.♦ ♦;♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ »7- ■ .."-' r.-.    -" - ■'-"-♦;
♦.- "COAL CREEK BY 174 ""-*.♦
♦ -        ■''- ,"-•"     """""'   -      ''•■   '"■-,♦
♦ ♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦;♦
7 Mr' and Mrs.' John Morris -and baby
left here* Monday for their, old home
in Lancashire; England.    7      ,;.-..-„
George'Barker,; an old-time fireman
up here, arrived from Kamloops last
Saturday"and Ib now again occupied
at his old job." '7 , - -• »•' 7'
- Some evil disposed person had better
find some more lucrative "occupation
than going around/cutting clothes lines
on Sunday'nights,1' not that line's are
of much valued, but it is a poor way
of showing spite; , „
.° Quito a number of new desks and
seats arrived up here for the use of
the schools this"week.
All the mines: were idle up .here on
Tuesday on account of the International and District Elections.
r Percy Johns; an, old' Creekite, but
■• of Michel, is working up .here
again nowi' ■ ..-.-. y ., -
- Evan Evans, -District Coal.Mines" Inspector, was having a look around the
mines this week, o- -' -^    ' "\-.
Z. Ratnford left here "last-week to
spend his Christmas in the old country.;  ' ':,''      .7      . '  7    ; , .
Mrs. Flemmihg was taken so. seriously" ill last week-end that it was found
advisable to remove her to the hospital'on Monday afternoon. The latest reports are that she is improving
as1 well as'can be expected.- y , y
■ Mrs. 7 Jas. Maddlson paid ' a.'■ shbrt
visit" to'-friends' at Hosmer on Wed-"
nesday'afternoon." ■"' ^","
7" Mr. Gardener.is anothernew grocery
clerk*"-in'thie Trltes-Wood Co.'s Store
here.   -He.comes from Macieod..'
Tobogganing and skl-ing is the order
of the day. ", Some nice figures and
tumbles occur now and then, but still
they go' gliding along.
r W. R.; Wilson,1 general manager of
the'e. -NT. P." C C, decided to give
the children ""a treat this Christmas'
in the shape of'a: Christmas tree with
a, present for 'every child .under, the
age of 12 years7\ Already theJBoard
of.,Management of the C. C. L. and
A. A.-have gone around the camp and
got1 the names and ages of all the children, so-.that .there will be no'kid "left
out.' It"..will.'be, published'- in'- the
columns when'-the treat will be "held.
speaking oh political and social.ques^
tlons to realize that unedrlying "thelr^-
jiews, although they only express them
superficially at the Union, there nevertheless is the wild and idealistic teaching of the Socialists slowly and stealthily creeping into the minds of deep-
thinking, sturdy;; practical young "men.
, "There is that 'glorious ideal state'
of, the Socialists turning the minds of
these young men and,shutting out the
hard, actual facts of everyday life.' It
is most extraordinary, to notice how
these young'men. are becoming pur;
blind to actual facts. -. ^
1 "The advent of Dr. Gore, the new
bishop, will not Improve matters, as
he is a 'Christian Socialist,' as Is also
Dr. A. J. Carlisle and'Canon" Scott-
Holland. " I am informed that a large
number of the 'dons* are really Socialists, but in their lectures disguise it
under other titles, and dispense their
Socialism for the delectation of their
victims in a highly seasoned dish and
delivered in a 'high-falutin' manner."
(Ed.—How awful! r Just Imagine,
Oxford,1 the alma mater or England's
noblest, truest and bluest,' should teach
Buch traitorous doctrines as Socialism.
Yet England has not gone^to the dogs
yet. , Socialism today is understood-
better than it has ever' been before.
Thinkers-of all creeds and nationalities are beginning-to see that in Socialism Iayg the only salvation for the
human race. \ All the more credit to
these dons Who have sufficient courage
to give expression to'their views even
in such oacred.halls aB Oxford.
y- ."* : .	
-. According- to statistics,there baB
been, a gain of 250,000 In membership
of the unions affiliated with the American Federation of Labor during the
last.year. Los'Angeles has the honor of gaining the greatest percentage.
..SINGLE.TAX  FOR   HAT
Gas City Decides to Make Big,Change
In Its Fiscal.System r
"- Mrs.-Garbuttjefton-Friday^forCorbln. to>joln her. husband.   "They in-
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
attention
THOS. DUNCAN . Passburg
THE WAHNING OF FOOD EXPERT8
AGAINST THE USE OF ALUM
POWDERS
tl.
Thoro nro many hounewlvos thnt un-
thlnldntly ui« alum baklng-powdors
in making biscuits, calro and pastry,
whon It would only tako a llttlo precaution to ayold doing io,
rinltlng-powders that contlln alum
enn bo Inrtlgostlon and norvo dljordors,
■fingllali food exports condemn nlnm a*
nn injurious ndulternnt unfit for a
baking powdor ingredient. It you aro
not careful you may bo buying alum
In your baking-powder and putting it
In food. The' way to bo euro la to
road tho lnbol on tho baking-powder,
find tf ttin tntTrtiHon*" nn> vr,¥ ^ntnly
prlntfid'bn it, refu'iie to-*ftc*pt It.
THE 0. T. P. STRIKE
'      IN WINNIPEG,
\ -
Tho Btrlko ot tlio O.T.P, Machinist*
and Boilermaker* la proceeding determinedly. Nolhwlthitandlng that all
tn«n havo been put to other work,
wherever possible, thero aro atl'l con-
nlderably over one hundred on the
striko pay aboot of tho Machinists,
nnd the receipt* from voluntary ««««§»•
menu aro tufficUmt to permit Treatur-
«r R. W, Ward to meet all demands on
tbe fundi. The committee In Winnipeg get* sufficient report* from all
along the line to tho effect that every*
thing It oatUfactory from tbe men'*
point el view. ,
♦ ♦'■♦ ^"+ -♦-♦ '♦. ♦, ♦. ♦ .♦
• y ;.,ln Memorlan •  >
, On Sunday^ Dec. 10th, the Bellevue
Local-43^ of' U._ M./W.' of A.,' held a
Memorial Service'in memory of'tholr
brethren who were so suddenly"'called
upon-to cross-the Great Divlde\lii the
dlsasie'r which,occurred at the Bellevue W."ne on Dec. 9th, lOto; •  The .service," "which commenced at 2.30 p.m.,
was opened hy the Local'President,
who gave a abort address; after v/hich
all present were" Invited to' Join "in
sacred songs, sufficient song, sheets
haying'been provided to meet the,"re-
quiremonts of all present.-    The singing was led-by members of tho Coleman Orchestra,- who throughout ren-
dered offlcient and pralsworthy service.- Immediately after thb first song
tho Roy. W. Irwin, who is becoming
a man of influenco ln tho right direction, called the congregation to prayer,    Tlio President followed by reading tho 00th Psalm:
• "Lord, Thou hast boon our dwelling
place in all, generations," etc.
■   Aftor which tho Local Secretary,
Bro. Burke, read tho roll call of tho departed.,   ' ,
' At tho conclusion ot thb roll cull
tho orchestra rendered a'musical selection, followed by an addross from District President Powoll, who spoko for
a short time with tnuch-onrnostnoss
on' tho necessity of exercising vigilance In tho midst of tho many dangers
which .surrounded tbo minor ln IiIb
daily "toll,'' Ho also referred to tho
mnny dlstroRalng Bights ho had neen
and tho painful expediences through
which ho had passed as a result of tho
many unfortunate nccldonts which Ib
but too often tho lot of mon who nro
compollod hy necessity to toll for their
broad, and ontloavorod to impress upon
tho minds of Ills hoarora tho wisdom
of attending to tho smaller things In
connection with tholr dally calling aa
thoso are so often fraught with tremendous and disastrous results. At
tho doaa ot tho President's address n
qunrtotto war rondorod by four young
mon residing at Bellcvuo, who chanted somo Psalms with much fooling nnd
flno affect, Bro. Hutton playing tho
accompaniment
Following the quartette, Bro. Haso
ilflHwrM n wry T*nj>r/«nMiv> fl<Mr«"? *o
the Finnish brethren, att«r which tho
orohestra rondorod anothor musical
soloctlon, which was followed by a
short but Impressive sorvlco'by tho
Fraternal Ordor of Eagles, which was
eondnntcd bv Bros. JM. C!. flhnrirmll  A
Paget, nnd Dr. Mockonzlo, of Bollovuo.
Tbe ftev. W. Irwin delivered an
earnest and Impassioned address on
"Lovo In Principle and Action," and
pointed out tho necosslty for unity
and brotherhood, and endeavored to
ttbow to those prosont thFfolly of comparing the sordid value of dollars and
cent* with the Divine value placed
upon human life, and urged upon the
meeting the wi»doa of seeking by all
lawful means to make the words of
Christ "where be grayed "Thy kingdom
cornel; Thy will be .done on earth as
In Meeveti," an accomplished fact.
-MEDICINE HAT, Alta., Dec. 12.—
Medicine Hst will in- future be jmder
the single tax system. This important municipal move was decided upon
recently by the; City Council. < ,,The
city Is making, application for an extension of boundaries and an increase
of 5 per cent in Its borrowing power. -
Already 60 per cetit of the single tax
system has been adopted and it was
the Intention to add 25 per cent more
of the system this year. However, the
council decided last night that the Increased assessment by- the Intended
boundaries and the 5 per cent,borrowing* power would warrant their adopting tho whole system at once, and Mayor Milne, Mayor-elect Spencer and
Aid. Pingle will go to Edmonton when
the bill Is introduced In the house.
NINE DEAD IN. BUILDING
.       COLLAPSE
NEW Three-Storey Concrete Structure
In Indianapolis Crashed Down on
Workers This Morning—Injured 8tlll^
., In Debris.
INDIANAPOLIS, Dec. 14.—Nine persons are known to be dead and a score
injured—six seriously—as the result
of the collapse .of a new three-storey
concrete building erected by the Prest-
O-Llte Company today. .Ten others
still remain unaccounted .for..
There are forty-two persons working
on the building at the time it caved in
upon them. - The cause of the collapse
is yet unknown. • y
tend^ making their home there for a
while.   " "■   "_   "• '.'•    7
■Thomas Jackson, of ColemanJ was In
camp'"visiting" friends.'     ' *  7    "
Miss Ethel E^aitfs-returned here last
Sunday .from ,,Revelstoke where she
has been employed for several months.
Mr'. George Fisher, of the New Michel Livery; is minus two, saddle horses
with their saddles. On Thursday two|
Btrangers went to the barn where
they stated that they wanted to hire
two saddle horses .to go five miles eUst
of Crow's Nest. , Mr.' Fisher supplied
them with their wants and they went
on tholr way, and as far as It Is" known
are still going. When Sunday arrived
and no signs of the horseB or, men
were forthcoming, Fisher communicated with "the,pollco,'but so far nothing
has beon'hoard of the mon.   '
Tho'election of Checkweighmen takes plnco on Thursday. Thoro aro
nine running for offlco: Mike Joyce, T.
G. HarrloB, Tom Colquhoun, A. ,S.
Julian, Joo Gall, Goo, Elms, F. Camp-
boll,, J. Haddon, W. Portor.,,
. Mr. A S. Julian has sovon Alrodalo
terrier pups for sale.7 Anyone wishing to buy should soo Julian.
.Charles Garner, International Board
Morabor, was a visitor horo Monday
evening, leaving Tuesday to attend
a board mooting at Fornlo,
Messrs. George Elms, Thomas Colquhoun and A, S. Julian got two-flno
bucks on Thursday afternoon. Elms
jumped a bunch, which ran right for
Julian and Colquhoun, who. Immediately opened tiro, dropping ono and
wounding anothor, which.ran back to
Elms, who gavo It Its quietus,
Tlio Italian Band on Tuesday night
gavo a farewell concoct to Mr and Mrs
Aleo McCool ylio loft on tho following
morning, Tholr many frlonds regret
their doparturo and thoy will bo greatly missed.
y C:R LYONS
Insurance, Real ^Estate
-     , y.-o- ",. "        "   •  -.   '"
7     and Loans
\ -
RUSH IN COAL
Over 300 Cara Imported at No rth Portal, 8ask., In 4 Hours
NORTH POIITAL, Bosk., Doc, O.-r
As a result or tho duty of fifty-three
cents a ton on soft conl which was
taken off last August ro-lmposod on
Tuesday night at 13 o'clock thoro was
n   tv*n*{   Yltr.1.   .»/•** r - '•".*'.     ' '       M j.
nnfmlMfl ftvnr thn hnunnnry. TVirlni:
tho past 24 hours ovor 300 cars of
coal entered Canada at this point, 200
cars bolng consigned to. the C.P.H.,
and tho balance being domestic coal
far Mr»ni>n iiw, Wfy\':rs, Sn'.'fi C"."
rent and points tributary. '
Mr. Mutz; otthe.now famous Fort
Steele Brewery .Co., paid a short visit
to» Coal Creek on Wednesday afternoon." ;..; •' '*' , -,
"" Thursday was statement day up.her,
the first for, 8 long months.
• George. Simson, .^employed. as ' a
stableman! is leaving here to-day on a
visit to his family in Scotland.       !
Stewart Lynch, of-Fernie, moved his
furniture and family up here on Thursday, and is now at home at House,186.
' 'A.young man named Smith (whose
father.^waa drowned while fishing in
the Elk River last summer),hod the
misfortuno to have,,his ..thigh.broken
while working as a driver In No, 6
Mine last Saturday afternoon, and was
removed tb Fernie Hospital on a spec-,
ial train.'
IV Mr. Jonathan Atkinson, who had the
misfortune to hurt his eyo with a plece-
of wiren few weoks ago, was ablo
to como out of the hospital this week.
Thoro is great hopes of his recovering his sight again.
Work having1 beon resumed onco
more, tho membership of the club is
increasing evory week,., and it was
found necessary to appoint a bartender.'- Thoro woro several application!!
and at a special board mooting held
on Tuesday evening, Edward English
rocolvod tlio appointment, with Thos.
Banns as an assistant.
Tho annual mooting of tlio C.C.L.
and A.A. will bo hold In tho Club
Hall on Sunday to olect offlcors-and
board of manugemont for tho ensuing
year, All mombors aro requested to
attend.
Ms. Carmlcliol MoNny, of Fom'o,
wns visiting frlonds up horo on Thursday afternoon.
Mr. Wm. Irolnnd hnd two relations'
land out hero this week from tho Land
of tho Thistle,
A llttlo boy was coasting down ono
of the hills horo on Wodnenday, when
ho lost control of his hoIIkIi, with lho
result that ho ran Into ono of tho coal
shads nnd Is now undor modlcnl attention.
Mr. Wm. Barton, agent for tho Singer Machine Co., was doing business
up here, this wcolr.,
Money :.to Loan on first class "Busi-
ness and Residential property  .
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
*  . ■ . i - --
„       ■: ■ ■ "'  • f' . •
And  Nothing but the Best in Fresh
and   Smoked   Meats,    Fresh    and
; Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., go to
THE 41    MARKET  CO.
SAM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
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KILLED BV CAFE BILL
8AN FRANCISCO. — When confronted with a bill for $7.50 for refreshment! served to hlmnrif nnd two
friends at a cafo here John Dlituaro
fell dead. The throo m«ti hnd pnr.
taken of sandwiches and boor end the
amount or the ehecV-carae as a sur"
prise to mi throe. Dlfairo took one
look at the check and expired.
Following the auloj*y, the coroner
announced death was due to hrort
failure.
80CIALI8M HA8 INVADED
QUIET HALLS OF OXFORD
A LhiiJvoi ,P"p<-i Cwti.piaWia i>iuc(iy
—And It Ib Orttlnjj Worsr, a» Man)'
Professors nre Infected with It.
LONDON, Doe, 8,~A writer In Tho
fltilly "Rxprosn protostB   ngalnst   tho
vtJ.S-i.iu/,   uJ   tAi'wio.iit»U   luUM    K^lTlK   (III
nt Oxford University. Ho siiyo thnt
If pooplo only know to what oxtont
tho awful doctrines preached by Socialists oro gaining ground for serious contemplation and discussion among the university students they wcjiiM
ho positively alarmed.
"You havo only to IIsImi to n debate
of tho Union Society when some of
the so-called "advanced" members are
SMIoffo Gun
srora coiicc" """jjr.i'c'Kf 1
PortAlberni
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7 -.\'->% i' 2; r**"J$i; .■■• ff;
PAGE BIX
t .,»
TBI! DISTRICT. LEDGER; FERNIE, B. C., DECEMBER 16, 1911
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MINE ^RESCUE,. WORK- - '
."   '"Troth, the rapid development of .mine
v rescue work in the last twotyears, and
• the Increasing use of the mine-breathing^ apparatus, there "has come to the
.v Federal Bureau of Mines at Washington a demand for information concern-
, ing this apparatus,, and how it should
--be properly used. In response-the
Bureau of "Mines has issued ""Miners'
Circular No. 4, on "The Use and .Care
bf Mine Rescue Breathing Apparatus,"
,by James W. Paul, who has general
charge of the rescue work. \ ' '
. Mr Paul makes the statement that
tho use of such apparatus'for rescue
work in mines is no longer an experiment," but has become an important
factor in lessening loss of life and property from fires and explosions.
Tho circular describes the various
types of apparatus used by the bureau
and gives careful instruction as to
the care fhis apparatus should receive
when not ln use. Then tho author
passes upon the qualifications of rescue men at tho mines. Mr. Paul says
"Mine men twenty-two to forty-five
years old, in good physical condition,
who are temperate in their habits and
naturally calm and deliberate, are best
* suited to mine rescue work'. Before
a man. undergoes training in the use
of breathing apparatus, he should be
examined by a pliysician to ascertain
his.physical condition, especially the
^ acton of his heart and lungs and any
.defects of the nose or throat."- .Unless
a, man rhas a physician's .certificate
stating'that his physical condition is
good, "he should not-be permitted to
take rescue training nor attempt rescue work in a mine.
A rescue party should have not less
than five, and better not less than six
members.     Only such persons should
bo allowed to join the party as have
. already been trained in the use of the'
apparatus, and are equipped with res-"
cjie apparatus In good order, arid have
agreed to follow the directions of the
leader,  who  must have ."full  charge.
, "While"working in, unbreatliable' gases
- within a 'mine tho men' should keep
close to one another, and not separate
under anycondilion.
*',,-,"To  be efficient and successful a
L party must take every precaution for
its own.safety.-   if one person .in a
party faints or receives an Injury he'
becomes a burden instead of a help
for the entire partymust at once conduct him to the surface or to fresh air77
designed-to, give miners or other "persons1 connected with mining a-knowledge of breathing apparatus in general
and a confident familiarity with those
types of apparatus that are most apt
to be used in this country,
.-"The purpose-of the Bureau of Mln-,
es in establishing "this system'of, training is to facilitate investigative work'
within mines in which disasters have
occurred, and ,to make' mine ° owners^
and :iii>.<"is„acquaintfe('. with lho value
of br-ca tiling "apparatus ,fpc, rescue'operations after mine dlsiJiVvs. , It is.
h'-.ped that, as a. result'of this wo'ih
by the Federal" Government in tlie nuili
future, men familiar "with such" apparatus will bo scattered^ throughout, the
coal-mining centers of the country, and
bo available on'short* notico. to assist
in rescue operations.". After a disaster, valuable time is often fost in training men at tho mine* before rescue par-'
ties can be organized, * Furthermore,
a man can not work efficiently unless
he has thorough confidence In the apparatus., T .To^give.a man this confidence, the couvse of training has boon
planned in_such a- way that ho must
do work in" poisonous or unbreatliable
gases for periods of one and two hours
at a time.-'—British Columbian' Mining and Engineering Record. «
One or two stretchers .should always
be at hand.'
"A relief s.tation or base of operations should bo established at the end
of the good air, and'a relief crew with
knapsacks should be stationed-there
■  ready to put on their apparatus   and
, start at a moment's notice.    A patrol
. of all brattice' and doors leading up
to the .relief station should be- maintained lo protect the relief crew from
^harm.
"At each large mlno thero should he
at le'ast four crews, two inside ana
two outside crows, each of six. mon,
Including a captain and a lieutenant,
nnd thoso crows should have practice
onco a week.
"While working in dense smoke the
members of a crow should hold a rope
which leads to fresh nlr.
"In enso of total failure of nn apparatus to supply breathable air, the wearer of the apparatus can throw awny
nil parts but tlio oxygen cylinder, and
broatho from tho cylinder through hla
mouth whllo endeavoring to roach
frosli nlr with tho rest of the crew.
"Apparatus for giving oxygon to ono
who has boon overcome with gnsos is-
an OBSontlal part of tho equipment of
a rescue party.
"A tolophono helmet Is a convenience for shaft work, unci Its presence
lends much confldonco to a rescue
party. Electric lamps, safety lamps,
gas nnulyRlB apparatus, thermometers,
n pocket compass, and a map or tlio
mlno mo nocosaury parts of tho equipment.
"At ouch training station a record
Hlioiild ho kept showing tho work dono
by tho mon and tlio difficulties on-
countered. A rocord of each apparatus should he kepi. nlno. If nn apparatus fallH (o glvo proper sorvlro It
Bhould be subjected to tho rojrulat'
toslB unless somo Injury Is sooVliy inspection. (• „
"Tlio Unllod RlnlOH nurnnu or Mines
hns established a regular courso of
< ruining In tlio uso of mlno wncuo
breathing apparatus.    This training Is
- ESCAPE' OF GAS  FROM  COAL
-- *-      <
"Tlio Escape of Gas from Coal." la
the title of Technical Paper No. 2, just
issued by tho United States Bureau "of
-Mines. The authors, H. C. Porter and
F. Ovitz, in their general' statement,
say:
"It is a matter of common know-,
ledge that inflammable gas, made up
chiefly of methane, which forms with
air the so-called fire damp of the min~
er, escapes from i the. coal in many
mines; yet little is known as to the
condition of .this gas in the coal, Its"
quantity and rate of escape. In addition to the gas set,free by the-,coal
itself, tliere is in many mines ;a large
amount of inflammable gas that' comes
from reservoirs in -the rock1 strata
above or below.the coal bed, and.enters the mine-through cracks; in-the
roof or floor. Gas entering the mine
in such manner - from extraneous"
sources is not considered in the follow?
ing report, which presents rather some
results-of a' laboratory investigation
of the rate'of escape of gas" from several coals while kept,in bottles' con-
__.-._ 11 IS	
THE MAGISTRATE'S STORY
What He Owes to Zam-Buk.
Mr. 0. n, flnnford, of Wculoti, Kings
Co., N.8„ n .Itistfco of tho ronca tar
tho county, and a. deacon of tlio Ilnn-
ttet Church In Ilorwlolr. «»vr- <'r
m«*u uotiu /.ajH-miK tor piles and found
4t n Vjlij-l-J u-.w"";, Ji v.wuJ urn."
Mr. Thornni» Person, of nincn Albert, Soak., writes; "I must thank
you for tho huiiofit I have received
from tho uiio of Zmn-lluk. Ln&t mm-
mer I hnd n fever, which left mo with
v ?1*« T     bikini       1     < rr »       »
found it uavo mo relief, so 1 continued with it. After using three or
four boxes It effected a coniploto
cure."
Zntn.nuk will also bo found a sure
euro for cold sores, chapped hands,
free* bite, ulcere, eczema, blood*
poinon, vartccoti uoyed, twalp sores,
ringworm, Inflamed patches, babies'
nmp'tinnn unit fhspp^f rjhCfO, cute,
borne, fcrufef*, nnd skin injurjtw gen-
erelly. All drnggi»u nnd uteres sell
a* Ida. box, or po*t Tr<ve from Zem.Bok
Co., Toronto, npon receipt of prlco.
Too *r« warned erwSrwt bermfnl imitations end ftubtiMtataft. {fee tho
mistered name - Zam-Buk " on every
»**k*t» Wore buyibf.
xicv-tcu-^iu -gcio-i;uuei;uijg-f<2stJrvoir8.~*"
"This Investigation was begun by
the United States'' Geological ..Survey
and is being continued .by, the"Bureau
of Mines at the mining experiment station at Pittsburg Penns.vania. '; * '
The Results ofothe Investigation
show that gas escapes from coal, not
only during the'breaklng down of the
coal in tho mines, but also continuously for a long time after the coal is mined.     The voiumo from some coal is
so great as" to merit serious consideration in connection with the .ventilating
of the mines and,tho choice of methods
of breaking down the.coal. ' Tor example,  during"' the first  two  weeks
after mining, there was set froo by ono
coal, exclusive of the gas that escaped during mining, a volume of methane
equal to throo-fourths'of the volume
of the coal itsolf.    Probably each cub-'
le foot of this coal (in tho scam) sot
freo In nil during its mining nnd during tho, first two weeks thereafter n
cubic foot of mothano,    It was shown
by further test that during tho first
flvo months aftor mining thoro was
sot froo from this coal a volume'of
methane equal to one and throo-fdurths
times tho voiumo of tho coal.
"Many Investigators, Chamberlln,
among others, havo Hhown, that, moth-
nno accumulates nlong linos of fractures," such as Joint, cracks, or In placos
of Increased porosity In the coal bod
nnd escapes from thoso as thoy aro cut
In the mining. In nny locality of, tho
mlno where for nny reason niloqiiato
ventilation Is not maintained, tho mothano which has thus escaped may bocomo a sovlfco of dangor from oxploslon.
"Tho results of tho experiment's dis-
cuBsod In this popor show that certain
reals, whoso mining Is attended wllh
danger from accumulations of inflnrn-
mablo gas, llhoralo this rob not. only
whllo thoy nro bolng broken down In
mining, but also diii-lnx a long period
llioronflor. At first llio gns escapes
rapidly, hul tho raio fllnilnlshos nnd
lends towards a final cessation In
throo to olghtoon months, If tho
voiumo of tlio small lumps of coal lmed
In tho experiments bo tulcon as tho unit
of measurement, about one-fourth vol-
ume of metlinne osenpes during tho
enisliltig of th coal, ns hIiowu hy
ChnmherllH, and ono-lmlf lo one and
one-half volume, on continued oxpo-
Hiire to the nlr. nn shown bv iii« nu.
Iiiors. The loss of fuol vnluo bv thin
ioMH of gits Is small, but the danger
of ai-uuiiulriiloti of nxptOHho rub from
thls*>ouifu in mines and In coal bun*
tars Ih miffIclont ,to Justify lm being
taken Into account In the %en«Un«lon
*if mint* mid in the storage of conl."
Thoso Interested my obtain copies of
this technical popor by applying to
tho Director of tho Thiroau of Mines,
Washington, D.O.
tive of the,FluessiMine}Rescue Ap-'
pa'ratus Qo'mpany.-; 7jir. Powell in the
latter parV of'his/letter states" that
"the''consensus .of ..opinion' of mining
menr" in • Alberta • being -strongly7, in
faybr of-'adopi'lhgahe^Pluess "type of
mine re*3cue'"ajjpa'ratus:V, - Letus hope
that-the British'- Columbia government
'wiil"do"iikWsc.'" " '7"-" ■ ;" ,.
; Now"" 'Mr.' Editor,' surely Mr." Powell
must! bo aware that the B. C. Government adopted ttie Draeger type of mine
rescue apparatus over a year ago (the
installation of.the station at Hosmer
was described by'one of your reporters
in one,of the October, ,1910, issues),
and I think that before suggesting that
that tho Government- of British Columbia discard .the Drnoger' for the
Fluess, Mr. Powell should at least put
forward some argument of greater
weight than the /'mere -fact that the
Alberta mining men through his letter
to your paper''think that the Fluess
is better than the Draeger. - Once an
apparatus of this kind has,been adopted and men avo trained to1 the use'of
this particular apparatus, a new apparatus _ In my opinion to replace the
kind in use should show such a distinct advantage either , In-, weight
efficiency or reliability,* that' would-
leave'no doubt as to' the benefits -to
be gained bj%the change. ' - • 4", -J
,. The question then arises: Does the
Fluess show this advantage? -• " -7'
7The first claim jput forward,in favor
of the Fluess, Is-that it is of-British
make and design; 2nd,simplicity.- 3rd
efficiency;-'4th, less training required
than with , any-- other' appartus, - five,'
minutes sufficing to make'the wearer
proficient;, 5th,'- a nian' can,'put the
apparatus, on(,himself-without assistance,' and be'feady.;for work in one
minute; 6th comfort; 7th, flexibility;
8th, lightest?apparatus using compressed oxygen;, 9th, compact—a-^man can
crawl-.through an opening; 15 in. by
15 in: and that it requires the minimum'
of attention, pressure gauge visible to
tlie wearer'("ours is'the-only^appara-
tus*' on the "market ^having this great
advantage."") * '"'"'. . • " ""
-' Compare' the Draeger apparatus. It
is .of German manufacture and simple.
At the time of,the Bellevue Explosion
this apparatus was put on to two men
who had never seen it before (one a
Slavonian)'^and^bbth . brought out
through.a",body of irrespirable gas for
2000 feet,-these -men 'claimed ^ they
felt':~rio'7inconve~nience_JB,hile_wearing-
COMMUN1CATEO
WINE  HfetJCUE  APPARATUS
To the Editor, District Lodger:,
Sir,—In your Issue of the Sth Intt.
I totlec ft leter from Mr, W. B. Powell
«ivln« an InfFrisiln* account ef si
demonstration irlvcn on behalf of th*
Alberta Government by a represent*
the.apparatus:. Efficiency, there has
been-no trouble experienced with the
Draeger during the* time this apparatus has been In use in this district.
The following Is taken from the Iron
and Coal Trade's Review, Feb. 8th,
1907:    - ;    "
,,'"Wtih ihe tidings of, the Courrieres
disaster still fresh jn our memory,
tliere reaches 'us the' news of another
terrible colliery/disaster. The explosion happened aWhe'Rcden Colliery
on Monday,-tho\28th ult., at 7 a.m.,
Just when* the minors, arrived at, the
pit to commenco.'work. • Immediately
tho explosion: ivas-heard the officials
descended the pit, but' woro driven
back by-the smoke and after damp.
As a number'-of Draegor appliances
nro kept ready for uso at tho Reden
mines and all officials and mon oro
trained to uso thorn, tho officials loBt
no timo in equipping thomsolvcs with
tho apparatus .and again "descended.
Aftor 'restoring.lho ventilation they
found"thirtoon miners allvo, but badly
Injured, who "wore brought tb tho surface and treated in tho,hospital, whoro
thoy afterwards recovered."	
Lots of other instances can bo
shown to provo that tho Draogor has,
and Is, giving 'satisfaction at tho present tlmo in Germany, Franco, Great
Britain, Unllod - States and^Cannda,-
nnd roqnlrjB Ion's training."," Tho ma-
Jorily of training stations provide 10
to 12 lessons, this courso to bo re-
nowod to tlio satisfaction of tlio superintendent of roscuo stations ovory
yonr. Personally, I don't think that
nny person should bo dllowod to uqo,
roscuo apparatus of any hind without
nt loast this amount of training,
Any trained parson-should bo nblo
to put tho Drnoitor on In ono minute;
an untrained person should not bo allowed to put ll on nt any accident.
The noxt two'lloms: comfortable
nnd floxlblo, I think apply equally to
tho No. 2 and 8 Drnogor, hh woll ns
tho Fluess. Dnlh of thoso typos havo
tho vlslblo Kaiijio, and a porson can
crawl through n vory nmnll oponlng In
somo enses as small as U In. by m in,
Tho only «i»ohitH where the Fhiops
nnd tho Drnogor apparatus differ aro
weight, niothoil of absorbing tho C. 02
or carbonic nod], and the nno of tho
by.piiHH.' Tho lloynl Commission on
mlnos rIvoh llio weight of the Draeger
HO lbs., Fluess 31 lbs, This In ox-
liiHiiit'd hy tno (net thnt tho   oxygen
<-..t'.n .'ijf uil'i.'m iL/f,uWt- lit &,vi cub. Jt,
while tho Fliicsu In 8 cub. ft, , Tho
««# ef ci»u»Uc f<nia as on absorbent
ls probably a lido cheaper, still In
Bomo of tho experiments beforo the
jia>,i,ii VrumifiitoiMori HoiinUt was experienced with tho uso of (his nbsorhent,
which ufatos that tho absorption of
carbonic neld In adequate If active
cnusllc soda Is employed. There only
remains tho question of the by.pass,
and by one who rAirM tho eonvcrt'n,-
tion botweon Woliby and WliUtlnn-
Jiame, nt tho Tftmntcad fire (pa^i
3B7, second report of noyal Commit,
slon on Mlnea, In which W'elsby lost
his life), will hsve considerable donhts
about tbe advantages of a by-pass.
Apart frewi th* foT**oin* the fail
thnt th* rtrnoffrr h/in ho*n ndontod" fa
•.ns "i"-..--.vK, ...   -.,-,   -i ._.i<-yy:  •    -      •   ".,,.   -\-fcjfi-.. >;■.- .:^»»'-'
I     ....      .-«.,       .     ..„:. ..... -A
17 A Piire,Grape Cream^Tattat |,-.
I
^M&defroin Grapes   |
so t many, different conditions"" should
at least be ample; evidence, that-this
type .is far from obsolete; ' -According
to the latest report\6,000 of this type
are in^us*e""all- over the'-Vorld,' 850
of these' are'ln'use'jn tlie United States, (fe •are'-'in'Juse in "this province,
while .'the"; same--quantity - are in" use
in Nova Scotia.;-*"',,' V,: 7   "
At least two other types' are worthy
of 'consideration^ 'the' Weg-and the
Aerolith. -.The.first an oxygen apparatus-of a,"typo similar Jo the Draeger'
and- the'Fluess,^ designed by Mr.tGar-
forth, who has devoted more(time-to
perfecting' his-appaiiatus, than' making
it a commerciarsuccess. '- While-this
type is not onv the. market at present,",
the Royal Commission found' it under
test to" be-as^ good as any' type,tried,-
one pound,.''iighte'r..than the ■ Fluess?
The most Importantpiont,is it is-more
economical iri oxygen., ;• An an;ingen-
ious arrangement" of valA'es, the -cbn.:.
tents of .the oxygen cylinders' are delivered into 7the, breathing space'as re-
nnii*/»rl^ihTrJ:'.*li^.^_eil«»i.+ _n^»n^.;—l..--_l:i
sure produced'in" ther mask by the
act"'of ihspira'll6n7 ,'. \
The Aerolith/,weighing 22 lbs. .is^
generally termed-the liquid air ap-1
paratus, ,arid"'hasV not been adopted* by
atjea'st central!,'rescue stations in
Great Britain:';. When .the possibility
of being able to store! the samo for a.
reasonable length of time is solved
this-apparatus I?believe-will bo the
ideal type. 'When'the'above objections are overcome and a suitable method of'gauging,the.contents, so as to
warn tho wearer that the supply of
liquid air is running low, the Aerolith will, in tho-writers opinion, bup-
plant rail of the oxygen "types.   "
Tho training of the,workmen In tho
uso of the roscuo apparatus is,- In my
opinion, the greatost point in rescue
work, as until we can have"every official nnd a majority "of, tho workmen
traine'd, then' we can.expect nothing
else than a repetltidn'of such accidents
as ,betelf the-rescue .parties-"'at Hams'end, Courriere and..at,Believiie,',   -
',/riie,I\,,c!-'Government;. at", the. time
it installed,the,.rescue'.'sta'iiQn,.received corisiderable~B_faise from Mr Powell
for-doing so,.and,aiso fro.nf the" Fernie
Ledger^, although in "your" present issue
you archiving a'sort of second-handed,
credit to-.the/Alberta Government for
being the pioneers iii the mine rescue
work.-',;7 7 ''\f. ~" '    ; '   - ' ' '
....Personally,', r-have no doubt, that
with>-an^adeyiale system of-training'
tlie Fluess apparatus' will give a good
account;'of .'UsVf; "still,'after going
thoroughly into ■besides of the'jiu'es-"
tion, I fa'iL'to see why anyone should
suggest tha't.'the-B7C. Government
should, discard^the Draeger for the
Fluess:r"' '*;■ -      *   "• '-7777;
■ "On the other,hand," when*the7Drae-
gar was "adopted as the type for.B. C."
consideration ,.was', shown.In the,-fact
that this type-was in use in theiState
that Socialist.voting 'is'duetto, an ac*f
ceptance by'the'vip'tefs*of the!"fnil-^SoV
ciallst program.V^fe^lsS'veryrunUkely'-
that**8uch,a'stu^ iiia'dV
or that.it.^woaioVbe accepted'if the ex-
aminationfhad: been^made^ ."i^The S6j"
cialist'yote is"'rather'to-b'e7looked upon
as a'waraingVto^Uie "oid-!parties Jthait
their platitudinous \platfOrips* 4^which'
they db.nbt^carfy;.qu^
Vharm'7tbetelect6ratet*^7i*7; *': TT-^ "£:
-, Many'non-Sqcial|st papers^which'-ad-;"
init *,the,^grpwthi; of/Socialism:'in ^"the"
municipal,field;deny?t£at"ithas male
corresponding' "progress ', in ^iatioaaT
politics: ,,v, bn'theothe^r. hand,-,the Clil-
cagb -Dally Socialist is"'"corifident that
thVrecent<victories ^svill !act as'a J'cla^
rion .call to-;.the workingmen of- America to gather, atthe^ polls!-for-,the.
battle which has'begun against-their"
exploiters," and "teiis bf thous'^nds'of
toilers who have^scarcelylbeiieved that"
such.7a7movement was - possible will*,
now ndtbnly believe, in it-possibilities
but will enter into", it"'with all'tlio'eh:,
ttiusiasmi of ,'slaves rising- for: their
freedom.'.-!'y^y ,\ ^y-* '77'.-'"'
- Even" before- the "surprizing .gains
of the last election the. Socialist office
holders', in ;thet United' States?'"''according'! to an'article by Prof!"'Robert F.™
Hoxie.fof'. the' University, of - Chicago;
ih The,Journal of Political Econoray,
(Chicago) " numbered "not. "iess*!" than
;435.y Professor .-Hoxie expands this'
information aa' follows. . - > 7 y 7';;
.- "They' hall., from - 33- States .and. represent about !-160 municipalities' and"
election districts.',. In point-of function 7 they "Includ'e 1 Congressman, 1,
state seriatoiv 16 state representatiVf"
es,.28-mayors, village presidents, and
township "chairmen*;,.3, city commission-
ers;-and -i;C7:ald!erme"n, councillor's, and
village arid township-trustees. Sixty;
bne.others*occupy*importaht executive
legislative and'Uepartmerital positions,
so-thaticonsiderablytmore -than." one-
half .may.be said 'to; hold: major legie'
lative'jmunlcipar positions.'. 70f those
remaining it is noteworthy thatl5"are
assessors, 62 are "school-of ficialSjjand
65 are'-ebnnected 'with" tKe"\work - ot
Justice arid. police." "7 r -'. . y* y ' ^.
y john barber^' nA^L'.o.s.^y -7^y - j
T:, t--:r   -    ; 'DENTI3T^y^7">^(. ■> w *.-- ^\
Office:: Henderson", Block, .Fernie, - B.C.-- -v'2'.v '77 il
7"''S" Hours:" 8.36;W4^2 -tofdj ^T'~\rk%^: 'LI
-"- -- " ->    ,1.-*  - v -- v-*. -^"'-     -'• *" "--s-^   t-v^ -j'5*\~  ~-   -.   --"il
■7y^%y$;
."-" rResidericeV ^^"Victbria^veriue.;.--^
W." RTRM^Kr'C^^^\^W^8?Lan«7*' :^.V-''}
li7iy-^yyMyK-7Macdona\d
77 ^^.7L7P. ECKSTEINS
i >,^yBafrl8ter-aU.aw,'SQllclt"o>T7"': v-7 7",':;''-» -j-
-'7;v;77p:77V}7u^?--{7"~y~!v7.,.i-'-,v.- V ^777   ..7 -p
EC'kSTEiN^BU'lLDINGS.'FernlDj-B.^^^     l ''-£
;' C Lawe- V."- V./-rAlex." f; Fieher^,;    ;-'..,!
77 77i ;^;:.,:;.J7 7^^y^-i   y ; 'M
i\; ,..« lawE' asfi8her; y     , y--.^.--\\
ATT0HNEYS7
■f;7-;Fer"h|e,"B.-C.. -
L.    H„  PUTNAMNJ
7 '. v- --' v, -," .- M
ter, Solloltor, Notary Public, etct,.- - y i(
.IRMORE,' •';{!:'""''*'-'-••<"'"ALTA^V-!•',- .7 . 1
':    "-   *   ■„••' "-„ ,     --' "-'--"■ --'J'- ~vs'fs Jl
" .  ., ; . .„:,' * y ':.:-- ■"-)
of rwa"shiirgtbh; arid7thaTiriT;he~event
of^ah'accident 'Vt-e' could either7give
oi;'receive 7'assistanco in the* shape of
supplies,, apparatus 'or men' from that
district.' ".In other '.words, ^reciprocity^
invmine rescue work.7!On-this account I rather regretthat the adoption
by "Alberta of the Fluess ,apphratus,'.
will' sacrifice" that uniformity and .in-
torohangeabiiity 'that is sb>desirable
in dlstrjcts so'closely, connected as the
Albert and B. C. Crow's ;Nest'Pass
districts.  '\ ...     ','   . ,,-;7 ■ ';
Apologizing tor having' troubled- you
with such!'a lengthy letter, .but the
subject Is "so important and tho question of-types, of apparatus so broad
that I think you will npp'reclato this
attempt to explain why I should dis-
agroo with .tho views expressed by
Mr. Powell. . , • f
Yours, etc, -
•   • '   CROW'S NEST.
Interpreting the
Socialist Vote
Canadlan;*,v77
:7;,.7;-.pacifi.q77:7
7'777Bai i*WS]£
Cnrtstmas ^nd7New7
"* ii."
.For the Round Trip v.-
y-"" ■* < - .-7;.. ". 7 "7 " -■
' 'Beween all'stations; Port "Arthur
to Vancouver and Branches.'* - 1\"
"Going date*8, Dec'ii; 1911; to Jan;
I,' 1912. -;-,.< ''' - .;..,- \A 7 .'
t- Final return limit, Ja'nl-6th,' 1912..
--i   ''        ''-, '* '    .      r.V   -    '   ."     I      , -r.
For further, particulars-apply to
nearest agent, or to'.-   j   ' .    7-
R. G. McNElLLIEj District Passer*;
ger Agent,'Calgary, Alta.*,',:"   ,■
Tho surprise of the recent olcctlons
(says tho Literary .Digest) throughout
tho country was tho size of tho Socialist voto which they, brought to light,
and lho nbn-Soclallst pros's havo since
boon searchlug diligently for explanations of the" most startling growth of
this third party—a growth which moves tho Socialist Congressman, Victor
llorgor, to prophesy that his party will
bo 2,000,000 strong In noxt year's Pro-
sldontlal oloctlon. Tho prevailing
theory among the lndopendonl and old
party organs Is that-only, A small por-
contOKo of tlio volos enst for Socialist candidates on ^ovomjwr 7 woro
cast by SoolnllHts. In othor words,
thoy represent local .rovplt against
local Instances of hosslsm and corrupt
machlno-riilc In 0110 or both of tho old
parlies, ratlior than actual conversions
to tho economic doetrlnos of Social-
Ism.
Thus tlio' Mllwnukoo Journal (Ind.),
published In a city which lias a Social-'
1st mnyor, thinks tho, Socialist votos
In tho recent election were chlofly
protest votca, the^ peoplo using tho
Socialists as n Huh with which to
Louis Post-Dispatch (Ind.).
To the New York Trlbuno, art Admin-
lBtratlon organ, "It sooms that tlio So-
clallsts , voto, must owo Its vigorous
growth to tho .local and Stale olcc
tlons," it doolaroB, "point to tho posal-
bllity that insurgents aro actually,' nl-
boll, unwittingly, .Socialistic propa-
gandlsfs lu dlsgulso." To tlio' Pio-
groBslvo, Ilopubllcnn papers, on tho
othor hand ,lt has boon clear from the
stnrt that tho real bro'odors of Social-
Ism ore tho stnndpnttora and roac
tlonarlcs of both parties. The Philadelphia North Amorlonn (Pro. Hop,)
does, not hosltato to lay tho responsibility at tho door of Mr, Tnft's Administration, and to point to progressive popular govornmont ob tlio remedy.    To quote:
"Throo yoars of Tuft havo Rlvon to
tho Boclnllgbi lho Impetus that was'
checked hy popular rule. How else
can we rend intulllgcntly tho results
of Inst Tuosday's bnlloting, that show*
ed not n sign ot Socialist gains in
a slnftlo' progressive Ilopubllcnn *or
Domocrntlo stato or city?   .  . ,  ,
'"Vhnrn -n>i»n Tin* i  >ii.n  ^f r»-.i„M
'6,^1 w-;1 J-^yi--?-^ ^  '-
ME7FERME
imsMyicm
"C 3? **^J'
7y \A;>McDougaUi»JHgr.- •'^j;"~-
'V'^ "■; ;;v-7!,7^";':y7s7':
.'- 7- , -v*^x'->-7:--*n.7y;7
Manufacturers of and Deal-;
;' ers in all kinds of Rough <*:..
•,y-^7:7'7>-
r ,!■; and Dressed Lumber j- :\~-,
t~r&'
M" ' T '/,! ™
- *"*:
Central
Hotel
Large,Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay fiaffli
whack both tho nopubllcnns nnd lho|ndvnnelng in \Vl^on«ir,    But V,'o\\r
iJouiociiiu ior nogloct nnd betrnyol.
In ninny amies and municipalities
whoro bum tho old partlos have dove
lopod corrupt machines, remarks tho
Denver Hwkv Monnlnln K<»wii""fftii1 >
"the SodnllAt party is tlio ono medium
of protest." -'7 k
"As the party protest,' says lho Toledo Tflndo (nop.), "its door-mat now
bears tho word 'Welcomo' to nil din-
misled with corruption."
Tho BoLUllht \lctorlcs nro not "particularly omlnoim,' tivers tho Chicago
fteuml H«n.hl (ind.), since they merely Indicate the people's determination
"lo icaro ot-rtain parties Into being
uettor.' c
WA plsmro on Iwth your houses,", is
the senllment which hss turned Do-
«rt«.KW Am .        ..       ;: ,»o«*Uti wmI neiMbllcan voters io a
to many different countries and under (new party for relief, declaros (he 81.
hon, Mississippi,   nnd   trust-enslaved I
Pittsburg, nro hysterical In nlnrm over I
tho Socialists* great gains." )
Whilst tho capitalistic prosB sco In j
♦he finrinlidt rr>ti«mn Tn«roJi' 1 i-m* r.r'
protest, U10 geclallsts see In them a
growing recognition of the fact thnt
tholra Is tho ti-uo political faith. There
Is truth and error In both eiplansUons
doclsres tho Minneapolis Journal
(Ind. Hep.),
/'Thowi is considerable dieuatlsfnc*
tion. It manifests 1t««1f 1n local ch«-
llltlons ngalnit Kepubl!c«n or Demo-
cratlc candidates. But It Is not accurate (o cay th»t bt-ttoie 133a voting was local the dissatisfaction was
local also, It may have been g«ne»
rst, bnt confined by tbo necessities of
tbe case to k»ca» explotten*. On
(ha other hand, ll U too ranch to say
Hotftl
mi«a    vhmS     -n^,^      n^f
Stanley St.  - Nelson
Best Family snd Werklno man's
Hotel In City; nicely furnished
reents with Dsth, Dads, Soo,
eatri. m«»ls, 95c.
A Union House
Prep, J. 6. BARRATT
•," :j --.«.-.- — y -y " f   -
wmm
Bar Unexcelled!
All White Help;
Everything ■",-
Up-to-date.
Gall in7arid-
seo us,once
^„<t
JOHN PODBIELANOIK, Prop.
- v
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
N ,1
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
tBMM&mmmmmmmommi*mmimmtmmm
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C.
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Ltiard Loeal General Teamsters No.
141,   Moots ovory Friday night at
8 p. m. Minors' Union Hall.   W.
A Worthlugton, President;  E. J.
■Good, Socretary. .
Dartendsrs* Local No. 614: Moots 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p,m. Bocre-
<ary J. A. Goaplll, Waldorf Hotel  .
flladatene Lneal No. ?S14 ll. M. w. a
Meets Hid and 4th Thursday Minors
Union {hall.    1). Heosi, !3o\
Typographical Union No. 858f Meets
Inst Saturdny In onch month at tho
Ledger Offlco. A. J, Buckley, Soo*
ffcittty.
Lteal Penile No, 17 *. P. of C. Meets
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
st 7.IS pjm. Everybody welcomo. D,
Paton. Becretary-Treaaurer.
United Bnthtrhooo" tt Carpontim moA
Jolners^-Local 1220. 1 D. J. Evabs,
President; F. If. Shaw, Secretary. Sass^££&
rt- v^-^-.'*■ .\. -".£*-. -
~'- ■ -. -., -. WJ\T... t'-' -{■' '."''T-'^r.T?wS'y.IIW!'-^^l>''tt'h*,"^1<Jm?M«*'"JBl? I|1"»»'iw»»"T'i m ■■■■»if«n.u«eM»w>iirwraroTOaiHBe
'7- -.5"-- :"->-y-.ns^vji&^^k%\^:-^?*%i&7& Trr'•*&$W'*-"-.^^ "7-ySvtvif^T
>"--- - ay -%-.'-"j".'. - -'%"■";v^-c- "-7." ---- a« *-4£-i-,;'* .*   •-•-. ""r'"',-! ys .~%-y ~rSf?~;*y.-W '-^-c&t
.    .V.    -V-'        r       -.'--V-;:-     ,     ,.-    '\n\-y.--..'« .y.y ----   .--:-. ^' -i-.'-'--^ A    -" .-'r-r----,-:-S.r   .■«.-•'
y-yy*y7
'  .J."   --':
^'-:.-
'-'^77
A.;-    vS
S*
-.V-
**vrr*+-wst*n/Bnjw&
»gWhjiMli.l.".W'fil^flSHftjlffAtwa
''•'"Vft
•y*>'-' --y^y
T^iDIStRiqT^IJBDGER, FERNIE; B. C, DECEMBER 16, 1911
*W
■Vj**
]Qur^Eoi^
-VW.I
PR ETE
' SATIRO." RICERCATO..
h
•-,';
':"!:."-(-; Viene' a'ttivainente'rlcercato'-dai-cafa}.
,-V ■;.'binieri,'in- Paeaellbj':J presso:. Bassanb
\y(yenezia'y, un'-sacerdote ilauale ayreh-
i ,-' - ."te^commesso"'- atti\turpi^flu.*7un'.bam;v
;- ".-.'bino affidatogl^a^scopo.dreducazlonoV
y.';W'S Sempre cosrquesti.e'attbllclsslmi.ed-
7'7 -, ucatbri 7della7 glqyentii.-^r^ }-t7y-.^y
-7y^"^77f YCDo'laf'Raglbne'.Vdl'Roma)'
s-, v""V-r"iEionp6lrehh_^'dlversainente'a^re
^ 7' yireverendl pretV'delia-'chlesa'll^'Roma^
7-v r-lessl^ che,; per •juna'rslmuiata^ipbcrlsla,
'.•';•'y'/t'fyv- Totb'dI;castlta'arsignbre e'con'^e
'.. 77, ijpecorelle' mansuete "sf gbdbno. glocon-
y '■'j.;-7"damente'. la; yitaIn-harha'..ai.i.poverli
■'■'"• :sjri"arltl.'""7 "**':>*-■■' '-■;, <ry - ''"'
; .*;;; Da unpo'dl tempo' a/questa parte,
7-711 prete un'altra mlaslone has.ppsato:.
•ry. reducazlohe^derfanclullo, per sottrar-
-. . - lddal-vizlo'e-.dalla^cbrruzloneiche-dl-
7.'7 Jaga-sempre.; ;Infatto'al:fanciulIo'egll
,v "\' dedlca amoreybruente le'sue cure af-
;>? "fettuose,"erper"ll!1'Bincei;o7amore che
;■ ,'/.• gll;-portaiv-per ,'lK trbppb;affetto",cho
'■y,j: gll.vuolo,''il"-povero; prete, quando men'
,i"; sVlercreda, "e jcpstretto a ,'vedere, 11
.;\'.'^sole'a'scacchI.v7y' - ""-if- "'-''".,-,"'"
7y*;~Tovero prete','povero prete.". Quantf
-yy sacrlflzl - deyi tu:'esplare' per a bene'
■ .-.."deirinfanzlaabhandoneata!; -7 '.», t'i
COSE  Dl  TRIPOLI.4
-- - 7 y y) Mentre l'ltalia - sta -, clvllizzandb.:}hx
\ '-;vTrlpolitania; conserva ln"*casa'sua*cer-
, •7;'7te>ergoghe cheTe'utlle in questi glbrni
yy rlcbrdare_ariol'stessl.7-77' 7"- 77 ;t :r
'7-7,'-'-''" yi'fibno'attualmente:'^'.-/"777".'•   '-''
',. -'7 U<1254 cpmuhl con'-acqua.potabiie'cat-
• '- . -';tlva 0,scarsa.  '-,/•' .•   '-.; ,'• '. ,-y ;.-
-'-' : - 4877- senza- fo'gne'e dove 1© delezioni
*"'l ;'M gettanoper le str'ade.- '''77: 77
; - >/ 1700 dove' di-rjido si mangla1 pane, se
j  .- * 7rnon per" malattia 0 nel glbrhl festivi.7 -,
' .r,-:\7^955< c^Pv1)1,011 conoscono' l'uso'della"
„ "-■',, came so non nelle faipiglie benestantl.'
. -777", 600'circa che non Boddlsfano"aH'ob-'
'yy.^hligoVdrav'ere'uh^medico'per.i poveri."
y 7"%"'-'y366'".che maiicano di clmlteri.v -,'■'    l-
'A clo si agglungan'6: 7. ■ 7'-" C •'- "''
27,303 ."'abitazioni7"8btterranee"' con
y1^ 200;mila7'e\'piufablt%"tl7;',.,;';";; !'7, 7
k. ■ 3-71(54 /co'muni'pellagrosi -che- :sonovih-
-7v".'festati "anche", dalla'malaria, 3 la7quale*
\. }jsl estende su'90' inilachilometrl quad-
'"7-*;rati,"-popolatii da sel^miUoni di7ahitanti:,
■ s7,!'"" -.100, mila;'pellagrbsl "chel'potrebbero
. ^_Tiriiflf'nipijnrIrA_eAlQVAQrjaiv\i-«iV»t_*tti*-Mj \
—r -j •• i m. — -——a-—w--. v-«w-h t vw»A3i vrvivi-ruuiii I-'
is:-^;'
. An
\entl. -•"
'J-^b ,
"f-'i-.-.
:-r
."t.OUICKLY'.-STOPS'.COUOMS.  CURE8  C0L08.
,;.   Ht*LS THE THROAT AND IUNQ8. 28 CENT8*
;la.80LITA;far8a7
B-'
.',--" vSamuelo Untermyef : dl New'- York,
^-davantl.alla-commlsslone Incarlcata di
L^^aro un',ihchiestn sul commerclo inter
-, statnlo.-ha" dlchlarato che 11 motodo im-
• . .plogato dalla Cortfi.Suiirema per sclog
■ ."jllero'11 Trust ilel fabacchl "era'ln piu
' 7colosaalo' farsa gludizlarla-del socolo".
i ."e.cho il.Trust iibn" aveva fattb nltro
'   ->oho camblnroi'ahlfo."'- ,7 ■■ , '„-.' ' ' "'*
',; - Nossuna' meravlglla/> Cl sarobho in-'
.^voce da moravlgllarsi so I servltorl
" 7;dol. Trust avessbro dato al loro,pad-
"rono degli ordlni 'cbntrarl nl suol in-
, -toressl ed nl suol dosldori.'.' •-■ '■
LE SCUOLE
NEI DIVER8I
PAE8I  D'EUROPA
rMOyiMENTO"
mIgratorio)
...*>.
-ril,. movfmehtO; migratbrio > deH'ultima
settimana'.^da^l5,281^pasVeggI^ ;"di> 3
a cl.asBec~(tuite le nazionalitaj'-'arrivati
contro ";i4;886> partitl."^ jXe\la.iset'tima-,
na' cbr'rlspondente 'dell'anno'iscbrso si
ebher'o':' invecey'4,83l7passeggleri 3-'di
3.a.classeJin arrlyo'Icpntro' 10,995"par-
titi.y Slf hanno^' percib-circa' 500 "per-"
sone arrivate" in piu, e'-circa- 400^par-
tite frpiu/-:'7-7y.y',i,''?:7;; - -<
7jDaIle. statlatiche- del, '-U;S.*' commissioner "olflmmigrat'ion^di^Brils 'Island
rlsulta clie nell'annb 1910-1911'" vennero
resplntl. 14,500' immigrahti,% cibe il: 3.
per-cento sul totale,degli arrivath* .,
-,1 -    . - -       - ..    > --.-
■r'., :  -f affAreserio, . - .,7
PAGE SEVEK
■' Nel Nevadb c'e. un ahltante per ogni
miglia .'quadratb.' .7 •, " 7 1-, "" "
Per'gli ahitanti'del Nevada sara uri
affare serlo'quello'dl mettere ih pra-
tica lav yecchiafmassima:- "Ama il- tub
yicino.^'.^Sara'-anclie un- affar Wrip'
per inaritoe moglle' qu'ellb didedlcarsi
alla'procreazipne'di, flgli alia" dist'anza
di un" migllo l'unov dali'altra. •-.;-■   -
COLLABORAZIONE
" <....< ;. '  '. -/v _;	
Dl  CLASSE
'^Chile relazioni tra.capitaley© lavoro
diventlnb^sempre' plu.cordiali; eTdimo-,
stratb'- daH'attegglamento assunto' re7"
centemente dalla Southern Pacific
Railroad Company., "' - ,.; ,f '*""'.'.
7Gli,o'p'erai scibpera'nti delle, offlcine
ferroylarle'di-Gila,"Arizona si trovaho
in faccia ad'un decreto' della, compagnla ordinante' ~: che". 1'acqW - venga
tolta via dalle loro* case e che nessuno
di loro possa attingere acqua per, bcre.
dalcarri per 1'a'cqua.,'-"-.'. 7 '* "" *- '
'7-n'decreto e.giaLandatb'in vigore* e
gli scioperantl sii'trovano iii una situa-
zione assi'critica'i.perche'Gila.glace in
mezzo al-deserto egli'unici due pozzl
appartengono alia compagnla ferrovia-
ria.7' -'-:-'*   S ■".-'.<.:   ..-.- ; "
$3,271,961   LAKKOAVUSTUKSIIN
Unltisd Mine Workers 6n. parin vH'me-
7 Isenyvuo'deh" ajail'a :k'aytt«lnyV lak-
.ikoavustukslln'tuonhulkean/summan
'."3,271,961 "'-'ddifarla. -7 Noya'>7Scbtlan
'fakkV.nlVirj'f000,00OdollaVlaV7-'    ?•'
7 „ In. Italia si hn unn'scuola,por,ogni
'C00 abitanti; 40 nlunnl por ogni scuola •
' 84 conteslml dl sposn por ogni ahltante!
In Pranclu si ha una scuola por ogni
; C00 nbltantl, CO fanclulll -per scuola;
lo scuolo costano nd ogni dbltanto lire
•' 1.40.       .■'•''
■ In Germnnln, una scuola por ogni 700
• nbltantl, 100 rngnzzl per scuola o llro'
1.05 dl sposa pornhltantl. (1 ,
' Iu,Spagna una scuola per ogni GOO
nbltantl; 60 nlunnl per scuola lire,
1.40 dl sposa por ogni abltnnto. ~ ''
' Lo medoslmo proporzlonl el hnnno
por l'Inghlltorra, ma lvl.ognl abitanto
pnga llro, 1,80,
•' In Austria el hn una sciiOla por ogni
1800 nbltantl; 104 nlunnl por scuola;
90 conteslml dl sposa por ogni abltnnto,
, In Russia una acuoln por ogni 230
■ nbltantl, od un Iraporto dl 0.28 di sposa
por ogni riisso,        *      ' ,
^m)TSBURG^^a7rinai^^2yp";—
.United .Mine '.Workers-liitbiti' rahaston-.
klrjurin^; Edwin-Perryn "antamis'ta, ra-
porteista^ay selville,'"" initeri "suunhat-
tomia fsummia' sanottu'"iiitto '.vxioslt-
taln' kayttaalakko-avustukslln.- yilmei-
seri'kahden vu'bden ajalla, paattyen ta-j
man-kuun 30"paiyaan, .tulee^jarjesto
maksaneeksl lalckoavustukslna jasenll-
leen' yhteensa $3,271,961.89. "Kun tah-
an summaan lisataan viola- jarjeston
ylrkallljaln .palkat, Ja muut* lakkojen
jarjestamiskustannukset, hlln nouse-'
vat menot yhteensa nolh noljaan mil-
joonaan'dollarllu., ■ -.'y'-'
.Tnsta summasta 1,522,040, - doi'larla
kaytotttln yuonna 1910. Naiha parina,
.viiotena '"'maksettlln Irwln-Westmore-
land'lri lakkolalslllo Pensylvanldssa
noln 50,000 dollarla. Irwln-West-
morclandln knlvosrnloston, lukumaara
noiisl-20,000. Noin' 40,000 dollarla bn
lakkoavustusta • moksbttu Ohioh • vnl-
tloon Ja 175,0(^0 dollarln pnlkkolllo II-
llnblsln valtlobn. - Ndva Scotinn la-
koBsa jcaytotty summa ,on . kalkkelu
Buuiin, nousten jonkun vorran yll mil-
joonnn dollnrln;
Unldot Mlno WorkorBln kansalllsvlr-
kailljnin nanostys tnpnhtuu ensl ]ou-
lukiiun 12 palvnna ]a Jllton klrjurl on
tata vartcn lovlttnnyt vllsi tonnla
nnnosly8llstbja,.-Joldon postl- tat ox-
prosslkulut oyat noiiSBOOt 800 dollavlln.
. Lllton nykylnon slliteorl Porry ,on
ollut tolmossann Jo vllsl'vuotla, Jolla
njallahnn on knsltollyt jnrjoston ra-
hoja yll 0,000,000 dollarla.—Ralvnnjn.
VMeidan Ca'nadan*,7ja'7 Yh'dysvaltain,
s"ubmalaisteii'soslalistien"'V,alillaTpitaisi,
ainakin allekirjottaneetf, mielesta?; val-^
lita' mahdollisinunan luja yBteenkuuluV
-yaisunden ja; tois^nsa'^martamisen'-
tunne. ■ 7. Olemmehan.-, meckaikinvlahV
eneot " :rsynaty^maatamme,4 y/samaa
vihollista pakoon ja enhan'mellla.taal-'
la, asummepa kummalla',puolen7fajaa'
tahansa, niin aarettbm¥n.paljon Vhteis-
ik; yhteisia pyrkimyksia jajyh'telsa" haf-
fastiiksia. "' Olkoohpyirniinkln-'.'e'ttei
heimolaisyeri^ole sosialistisessa toim-
Ihnassa " suurestakakn * merkityksesta,
mutta' siita" hubiima'tta.helmblais-siteit-
^en liatkasemihen.-ja,vtyhjiksi; tekenii-
nen ei ole tarpeellista' eika'-suotavaa.
Toinen toisensa, tukemlheii:7ja toinen
t'ciseltarisa "avun pyytamirien-.monessa
tarkeassa' aslassa bhollut;*Ja*rtuUsf ed-
elleenkin olla meidan keskuudessamme
iinahdolllnen7  ' -", ."?„■    7'<<\
•'.Tuolla rajan toisellapuolen, Yhdysv-
allolssa, voival; kylla mbnet" suomalai-
set sbsiallstlt.ajatella,'etta mec.em'me
ole'canadalalBlita aviin tarpeessa. Slel-'
la yoidaan olia niin kiintyneita omaan-
toimintaan, ettel meita pienta ' jouk-
kba, jotka taalla eramaassa tyoskente-
lemmeVbteta edes huomioonkaan7 >7..
; Tama'.'elole ~oikea * menettely7 fmutta
valltettavasti se -nayttaa' blevan, siella.
vallitseva. - '- - - . - '• '" ' "- •
vViimeisena" todlstiikseha asioitteri
talla .kanhalla olemisesta on 'Tyomie-,
hen rkus'tannusyhtion - menettely Tyo-
kan'sah kustannusyhtiota vastaan. Sain-
alia kertaa kun canadalaiset; pofvarit
yrittavat. olkeusjutuilla' y7~si-7"saada
.Tj'bija'nsan" tapetuksi, -.tekee Tyomies
konnamaisuudessa ennen kuiilumatto^
.man] yrltyksen tarkotiisksella' vahing-
oit'taaTypkansan liiketta.se'tekee tal-,
iaista'lsblitarlsuuden nimessa. .
Tyomies" bn kylmentanyt sangen tun-
tuyasti^ siia-solitarista tunnetta" jbka
on'alusta^alkaen vallinnut Yhdysval-
tain ja'Canadan- suomalaisten "sosialls-
tie'n-' valllla.",^"Sey>h. nayttanyt;. etta
mika'ah toisbensa-ymmartaminen ei
saar .tuliykysymykseenkaan. " kaiken
yI:ipuolella'",on' Tyomiehen'- pisnes, sen
pbr'varillinen'keinbttelu j.n.e. "■ ■-..-1
:Te"voitte;, kylla piiollustauliia silla',-
etta vaita"te; Tyomiehen' men etelleen
vastoih teldan tahtoanne. Tama onkia
tottal Tyomies on sylkenyt teita, teldan tatitoanne-ija kahsanvaltaisuuden
enslmalsla aikeltakin :va*Gteh-. silmia.'. '
Mutta, joS te ta'lla^valtteella" aijotte
puolustautua/.olette j. te harrimaista
raukkoja.,,.' Elko Tyomiehen kus tau-
nus'yhtio ;kaikkine,' kapistuksineeh. ole
teidan? -.Eihari. sanotun.yhtion-jqhtb-
kunta ole muutakuin'.teidan'omaisuu-
tenne" • valvaja'' ;peraankatsoja -*etta
Ralkk'i'ollreln tapalitun?" b*™'      '
,attuna, vaan he'hakevat, ett'a,sosiaUs-
anilla'.on; v&fmk.'pohjansa ja ;y'4rmatl
tieteelliset'.p^r.usteensa"..  Tama"kaik-„
kT on' to"distus" siita,', etta-sosialismi^bn
tullut- kansan .elinkysymyksgksi;" Joka"
vastustamattpmastiJtempaa* • jokaiseh"
ajattelevan ihmi^en-mukaansa sa'."'7"- *
;v Suomalaisey'^orvareihrn; .'itsensa
lukevat .he'rras'miehet eivat vain'nayta.
oppivan mitaan/ 7 He eivat .lcbetak-,
kaan tutustua absialisiniin ja'septah;"'
den- ela't he  siita r myo'skaan "mitaaii
tieda.   ; SUomalaihen „herrasvaki" jaa
ajastansa jalelle,-siita tulee, joukkoa,
joka" on hapeaksi kbko k'ansallisuudel-
lemme, ainakin!'siksi kunnes koko tub
herrasjoulckio koulee   sukupuuttoon;*
saapisiten tpislahtolstansa^ karsia.    "
'Ainoa"mlta'me'noille visapailie voim-
me tehda; on se.'ettakeholtamme heita
eaes   pikkasen   ottamaan   ajastansa
yaaria,.'tai,' jos 'eivat halua sita, on
parempi ostaa "nuoranpatka ja talla se-
ka menna ensimaiseen sollalseen puii-
huu, johon vol nuoranpatkan kiinnit-
taa.—Tyokansa. -'7-.
- ^- - ° - y   -       -    .
AUTONOMJSMUS ft!
CENTRALISMUS
.(K-diskusi.)
Ccwarcblf Ointments for Catarrh
tliat Contain Mercury,
Hi mwury will «urdy dcultoy the nenito ol nmcll
«nd comnlou-ly derauuo - tlio < wliolo iy»Wm when
entering it ttimuuii fJia imicoui lurltKi. Huch
«rtlolra ihould nnvt'r bo iincil oiwiiv on tircicrlD*
tloni (rnm r«putahlo pliyiloiitm, iti tho tomtiue tliey
will <to U le» fold tn tho pnod ynu can nowllily do-
rlvo, trom tliom, llnll'i oiUrth Cur#, mimutocliirrtl
liy P. J. Ohnnoy, A Oo„ Tolndo, 0„ coiiuinn no mercury, nm  )i diken Inlcrnnlly, uetlnir directly upon
«ury. itnn n iiuen micrnnlly, uctinir (
tho IiIoimI mnd muivmi iiirlnpn of tlio
•yitom
twyinu Hnli'i Oninrrli ciiro bo iur« you tn
   '  "-     '    id* in Ti
iy Oriiroliii. 'Prlw. f Scu per-boiuo.
Iir    •■   ■■
ii.   In
nt tlio
Sontilno.   H It token Intonulljr.ond mono in Toledo,
ihlo, by P, J, Clienny * On.   Tcotlmonloli (ret,
Bold 6y r— "	
J-.ll  VW  4..MHKII.,*,      .,11-.',   ,W.  |K-r UUIUO,
Toko llnll'i Family I'lllq for oonilliwtlon..
List of Locals District 18
nO. NAME 8EC. and P. O. ADDRESS
20  Bankhead ,,,.,,,,, P. WhcMloy, Bnnlthcad, Alta, .,' '
181   lloayer Crook P, qaughton, IJoaver Crook, via Plnchor
431   Dollovuo, J. Durko, Bollovuo, Frank, Altn,
81 (!3   Blairmore,..., B.J.Chase,Blairmore,Alta,
040   Burmls............ Jos. Derbyshire. Burmls, Alta.
'iti  Carbondalo,..,,,., 8. Hmdflold, Carbondalo, Colomnn, A1U.
m i  VaiMC  Jf. t-'oote, .wuruUf, Alta.
W3  Canraoro,..,;...., N, U). Thachuk, Canmorcf Alta.
WJS  Coleman........,.. W, Grthsra, Coleman, Alta,
2877   Corhln   R., Jones, Corhln, B, C,
1120  Chinook Mlnos .... Wm, Forsyth, Diamond City, Alta.
^,i its   lyiamono City iomim Mtlrn, l>iaincunrt Cily, Letht>hdK«.
23H   Fernie *.,.... a ... Thos. Uphill, Fernio, B. O,
1263   Frank  0. Nlcol, Frnnk, Altn. ,
1407. .Hosmer W. Balderttono, Hosmer, B, C.
10158  Hillcrest..,,, J. O. Jones, Hillcrest, Alta.
674   Lethbridge,, U Moore, P. O. Box 113, Lethbridge
JTM  L*>fhhrl(fee Colllerlrw Frsnlr Thtrfheham, non., via., Kfpp, Alta.
IMS  LIU W. L. Bvtni, Lille, Frank, Alta
tm M»pi<» Lear .' m. «i!d*y, Rrsplo Leaf, Belfeme, Alta.
mi  Michel If. Durroll, Mlcliel, n. C, ,
14   Monsrch Mine.... Hortie Woodleld. Taber, Alt*.     "
-XS62   Piwhurg  BohLBvans, Passburg Alt*.
35t»   Royal Vltw Toot. B. FUher, Itoyal CollUrlM, Uthbridre, Alta
tlSt  Taher AT. PaWerwa, TkUr, Alta.
105   Tnhor  ,T.  Voopor, T*h*r, Attn.
23(8   LAdyimlth J. J.* Taylo r. Udysmlth, B, C.
2200   8umerlAn<f,  Peter McWlnn, flumerland, B. O.
m  W«UUatton...L... Toot, Ifarrol,. Welllnjrton. B. G.
JKS  NanI*mo Jack Place, Nanaimo, B, C. '
Tds'ette'lcy
kene'panemaan Tyomiehen johtolam-
taa totteleinaan;teldan,'tantoarihe, "ol-
etto te, kuten Jo sauolh,' narrlmaisla
raukkoja! v.,Miten to luulette saavan-
ne, kapitalistit tottelemaan tahtoanne,
jos ette nytkykene omla - renkejanne
sellalseenpakottamaan?," ". "
, "Val ettekote onaaltahdokkaan, etta
Tyomiehen, on lakattava'Tyokansaa
klrlstamasta? ' Ollko entlnen tnbtom-
isenno, vaBtalau'seet y.-m.' alnoastaan,
ohl'menovaa laatua', harkttsematfomla
purkauksla, jotka vol - valentaa ' mln-
kalaisella juonittelulla > tahansa, ' jola
Tyomiehen taholta on melta kohlaan
harjotettii?' -."' '7".yy /.r
,, Jos, le nyt luovuttp sllta,rmlta" on-
nemmln olette Tyomlohelfa vaatlneet,
olotte to outlamattomastl nahjuksla,
jolhlnel vol mlssnan larkoammnss'a
a'slassa'luottan; Jos. to'taas pysytto
vnatimuksossanno, otteka stftl saa
Tyomlohon kahdeksan tal yhdeksamlo-
hlsta-,jolitokuntaa tottolomaan, olotte
to viola suurempla nahjuksla.- - -, *
-Mo Cnnadan suomalalsot soslnllslit
ommo.korjna tollta mltann, fmutta
oikcudehmukalsuulta , mo tollta o'tlo-
tnmmc. Osottakatt ja joutuln mlta te
olotte, otta mckln tlodammo morkita
suhteemmo tolhin, Toh\an „paa-aan-
onkannattajanhe" johtokunta on jo tar-
pookst polken'ut solllarlsuuttn, melta
kohtaan, lokaan ja rlkkonut ystaval-
llsla Ja hyvla'Ja'hyvla tapoja vostann.
Toetloko to saronlla tavalla? Vastatkaa
plan I
OlkouBJuttukln on nyt ont Ja tols-
talsoksl on mollla olo uulta odoB vam-
assa tlodossakaan. Tyomies on kylla vllmo aikolna koettanut mhhdol*
llslmman paljon vahlnuolttn Tyoknn-
san lllketta. Kultonkln hun on hyvln
toden-naltolsta, otta Tyomlohossa el
olla vlela tnysin tyytyvalsla sllhon mlta on Tyokansallo ohdltty tokomann,
nlln ehdbtnn, otta Tyomlohon Johtokunta npstnlsl nyt kunnlnlouklcaus Jn
vnhlnROiikovausJutun Tyoknnsna vastaan; kaln'a nllsta dollarl kummastakln
horulsl Ja vahlnkolmn sokln oils! Tyokansallo, samalla kun Tyomlohon „ah-
tnassn nsemassa olova" kustannusyh-
tlo snlsl |2.00.    Hlls yrlttakaa pojntt
Ttso tuosta loppuun tapellusta oik-
eusjutusta el mlnulla olo pnljoa sanot
tavsa, sllla ntlta on roforniiltl tolsossa
palkassa tatn lohton. Siinonliaii vain,
etta, muutamlen lhralsten kunnla vol-,
daan loislnaan arvostolla sangon mitn-
tiouiAii li'uuau drvoiiitiJUl.
, So^lallsmlsta keskustellaan nykyaart
kalkklalh. El nlln matalaa majas,
ollca ntln korkean palntsla otlol sliino
soelnlisml olo elitl'nyt.    Yhdysvnltaln
alallsml vllmo IstuntokaudeU Ja tulco
edolloon salsmolmsan. Taalla Cana-
dsssa jol vlela tnhanaatl ole lllttoutun-
eltj*n maalruntlen parlnmentln puhu-
Jalavalla soslallnmln evnnkellumla Ju-
llsfettn, mutta BrltMh Columhhin Jit
Albertan maakunnan parlatnontolssa
n\tn «n Jnilstettn Ja rftrmoatl el otn pit-
kal(4 ennenkulo «Ka Jullsletaan usean
muunkln parlamenUn puhujalavalt*.
OIkeus Ja lakkolaistelolsia, kalkel-
lalilw tyorettelolaaa y, u. oa social*
(sul fo nyfcyaan'fe«om»1tara iekfja Ja
M tnlM putrnpntr/ittn yha huomnt-
(avamroakal. Kaikkl opplnelmmat Ja
slvlsty.nolmmat IhmUet Ualllstuvat hy
tin Bopeastl toaUlistnlln. he eivat nae
|«oa* aoalallsnlaw plru* salaalte maal-
, Ka2dy, na.pohled treha'J sebe sloglt-
6jgi problem jest r'jadru svem zcela
jednoduchy.- -Najpriklad i.eely social-,
ismu's. Na jedn<§,stranS'prIvilegla', na
druhe' bezprayl, • Socialismus,- naproti
tomuto nesoclalismu^ hlasa; rovnost
-vsech.'-.*' To't'-podstat sociallsmu."' '.
^StejnS jed'noducha otazka jest i auto-
-nomlsmus a centralismus, dva proudy
y cesk6 sorialni' demokracil, o nichz"
prave. pro'nasel soud insprucky sjezd
nSmerflce sociaini 'demokracie v "Eakou-
Bku."7r"-'-"., .7 ' ".. ;      ,;., ^
Sociaini demokracie byla dosud ro-
zClengna die stati a ustredi umistnSno
lest obyCejrie - v stredisku techto poli-
tickych'.utvara," statnich, v jich hlay-
nich m8stech, '; - -
- Mame tedy, sociaini 'demokracil itals-
kou," nemeckou, ruskou, francouzskpu,'
§vycarskou,'7rakouskou, a'td. v Italii;v
NSmecku, RuskuV Francii Svycarech,,
Rakousku...,. -..,.   ',' :,    »
-l4A to je'neprlfozen^. "
Historiess-vedCiprece o-tom, ze
hranlce jednotlivych statu u'stavicnS'se
mfni,2e tedy-rkagdy stat jakoZto pblt
ticky utvar jest'vSci vice mi5n6 nahodi-
lou., c RiSe'Karla" Velikeho, -Velkcmo-
ravska. ri§e-Vaclava II atd maji.uz-.ines
jioccla. jinou podobu, nez svbho-Casu
m§ly.,,. • A"1 kde-;1e'; dnes Velkopolsko ?'
Zmizelo'.vubec's'povrchu Evropy.
-- Napoleon I. podmanil si pocatkem
]minul$h6latoMi!i^n*Sr..nai_Evrohvya-
vlivy ■
^>.
The Pd^er that gets there
jen'^nepriznivS" vlivy podhebl". zah
ranily^'inu^'Ly-pbdmaniSni Ruska, kte-'
r6ho,mohI/8nadno''aobyti, 6eho2 dflka'--
7.om"jest-bitv;i"u Slavkova, kde veliky,'"
Korsikan porazil i Rusy spojehg s Ra-
kousUem.-y - -   '   '
'-':Cllom-Napoleonovym bylo7 jedna
,rlSe,;Jeden',;panovnik. A jak.daleko
byl od h'6ho? MSla"so mu podarlti
Typraya' do Ruska, nemSly nastatl
kruW ."mrazy,-JeZ Napoleonovu arraadu
z Ruska- vypudlly, ,a mohl skiitecne
dojitl Bv6ho^ciIe, Ze by byl totlz vladl
cele Evr'opS.  ' •-.,.,
;. KdybyBe to bylo stalo,.Ja'k by asl'
dnes vypadala sociaini demokracie?
Kde by byla mfila ^vo strodlsko?    V
P<*rJ2l?.s. A, viSichnr qBttitnl narodovi?
byli by-'podrlzeni tomuto strodlsku?
. Pro87 ^
Co.Jo.sp.clalnl demokracil, hnutl, jcZ
'neuznava'monar'clilfltlcky system vlnd-
ni a jehoz Idoalom jo preco vladn demo-
krticlo, do toho, jak kto.'y potontat
mroho pudy si urval,-jak byly -ul-
;vor'o'ny hrhnlco dnoSnlch statu?
- .* Pro8 hy mola bj>tl taklp noprlrozenfi
utvorena_uzoml statu! smBrodatna n
zava^na i pro Bocialni dempkracll?
Jest preco prlrozcno:..
,' Na lodl prl numorkd plavbl, ve
vollk^ch mfistoch, v kolonllch, v am-
orlckych statech a jlndo, vyhledavajl
son kupl dohromady lldd, kterl so
mohou spolu dol'OzumQtl, to jest lldd
stejndho Jazykc, Jodnd nnrodno«iti,
ProS hy tcniu ncraolo hyll stejnG i u
onclnlnl domokraclo?: Jaky Jo v lorn
smysl, aby exlstovnla nemecka soclalnl
domokraclo v Nfimoclcu n ni5nu'cka ho-
olnlnl domokraclo v nakouslm? Profi
ma polska soclalnl domokraclo liytl
v Bahousku strodlskem vo Vldnl, polska soclalnl domokraclo v Itunku stred-
lskem v Petrolirrtdfi a polska soclalnl
domokraclo v Momecku slredlskom v
Berlins?
A jaou preco flinty rustnojnzycno*
dosll Colnd, Profi by ftvyenrsky Frnn-
coiiz---8oclaliil dnmokrat, nomohl mill
strodlsko v Pnrlzl a proO hy ho mu-
sol,mill v Bornu? Piofi hy noinolilii
bytl Jodnotna soclalnl domokraclo •/,
Rakotiska I r. NCmocka?
Jo preco nospornfi Jasno, io riomajl
se vo svotovdm luiutl soclalufi demo-
kratlckdm orstinlsovat Jodnotllvd stnty
jako nahodlld utvary polltlokd, n^hrl
jodnotllvd narodnoHll JukoSto nejprl-
rozondjlil celliy, Joz mohou bo vinjoninfi
dorozumoll spolc^n^m jasykom a Jo2
jsou riorojiucuu miojeny jounotnou hul-
lUi\til.
1'roS majl poU-nUtl," salxirou-U kus
clxlho statu, diktovatt soclalnl d«mo-
kracll, Jak ma svd organlsaco utvnrctl?
ProB nomnJI ItnlRtl soclalnl domokrntd
'i iVAin k ■> u,-.i^wci.\» n^<>nt ki oil
vlastnl organlsacl boz chlcdu na hranlce statn? , v
Ponfivadg1 tedy jodlnfi narodnostnl
aiitonomlssmus, £111 a amosprava od-
povlda prlrownf m podmlnkam tdarne-
ho vyvoK ma tro]n iirtlW biirfmir-
nost, ktera nam JistA da casern ta
pr-anlii. Sft^lnlnl Afimohrticlo v bii/f-
oucnostl rostrldl se ice]* nepothyhuft
die narodnoatl a musl pak nutnfi prl-
Jmoatl I naml ladanou uaadu narodnostnl autcnorole.
V* torn nWebo ntrujnl aftl K&itti
not Tfilprak.
•<*k
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PAGE   EIGHT
7 i^Sy" ~
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TBE.DIBTBipT LMPQEffTf-JSaHIE, ft'q, DECEMBER 16, WU
t-.- - M ..
Iii.. "*;-
©-
.--u- -v.^yy
FREIGHT PREPAID j
On all goods going west as far as
Moyie, and east as far as-Hillcrest, applying to our? entire stock of merchandise.    -  ., \,  ;
-- .. ii- ,t
-■   to.-S. .
*•- TttlSl
->, '„
> l v, "
■Q-        -^ *    '"■ *
BRANCHES
'"'■    -   ' -   -! ] . -- '',-
£v,,Our branch"stoireV are, all well '.stock-"?
ted and will supply goods at uanie;pricesr"
, quoted bdbw. '.'. \ -'; 7^V~;':y;-'*7
<-f
o,
: (
X
The Special Holiday Price Sale at all oup Stores Happily Solves the fiitt Problem
GROCERY DEPA&tENT      , \
,   We will have a fine assortment of choice CUT ...
FLOWERS on display Saturday, the 23rd inst., and -,*
you can book your orders for delivery on the above
date now.
Marischine Cherries, qts. $1.00 i
<pts    75c.
%pts .-, ,t ". x40c.    '-
Maeedoin>» Fniit, per bottle   ....'.. ...7.1 00
Noils Dessert,Fruits, per bottle ... v.'..'...   60c.
Wagstaff's Black Currant Jelly, 12 oz    25c.
'•"''Crabapple Jelly, 12 oz..    25c.    .
Glace Cherries, per lb.     50c.   '.
'"   ^ Fruits, assorted, per lb 60c.
Lowney's Cream Chocolates, 3 lbs. for ......1.00
Lowney's Cream Chocolates, in 72,1, 2, and
5-lb. boxes  y...   -
Cowan's Chocolate Medallions, per lb. .._....    50c.
Maple Buds    50c.
Assorted :.....„    50c.
Robertson's Giant Mixed Candy, 2 lbs^for   25c.     '
Cream (mixed) Candy, 2 lbs- 35c. <i>-
Best (mixed) Candy, per lb..   20c.
Russian Cluster Table Raisins, 5 lb box, each 2.00.7 ,,
Extra .Dessert. .Raisins, 5 lb.' box each .."... .1 50    -\
Connoisseurs /Cluster,, per lb. ............   '25c...   ■
Mixed Nuts, per lb -.-.  - 20c. 7.
Hawaiin Dales, 2 lbs for „.,... .,<.".:.:.".:...; '-25c. \ ■
.' •  '- v ^     -  -    '. -jeff- '
............... . . . .  ' itfv.       ^~*-
~i' uj u~i/(Viii-s,~pi;r-iur ...... 7~."T7 n~,
Table Figs, 5~ Crown, 10 lb; box, each .;.. 1.1.50 7'
- Table Figs;" 5 Crown, per'lb. V    20c.",
Cleaned Currants,"2.lbs for ...: ..,.'.   25c'. *
Seeded Raisins, 2 lbs. for  •..'...- 25p.
Sultana Raisins, 2 lbs for v 25c.
California Oranges, per.doz \ .25c. to 60c.
Jap Oranges, per box .,.   85c,
Fancy Table Apples, 4 lbs.' for ..'    25c.
Cooking Figs, 3 lbs. for .: : 25c.
Christmas Fruit Cake, 1 lb. tins, each .<   35c.
Christmas Fruit Cake, 2 lb; tins, each '.   05c.
Christmas JPlum Pudding, 1 lb. for ;.   38c!-
Christmas Plum Pudding, 2 lbs. for 65c.n
Cowan's Cocoa, V% lb. tin ,.'.  26cr
Van Houtcn's Cocoa, 7^ lb. tin     60c.
.. JBananas,' per doz ',    35c.
Spanish Grapes, per lb , 25o.
French Peas, 2 lb. tins, 2 for ,    35o.'
Canadian Peas, 2 lb. tins, oxtra sifter, each..   lBo.
Canadian Asparagus, 2Jb. tins, each ........   35o.
Canadian Asparagus, qt. bottles, each 1.00   .
French Beans in glass bottle, each    50o.
French Peas, in glass bottlo, each    50o.
Christmas Crackers, from 25c, por box to... .1 50
Honey, 2J/2 lb. bottles, each    70o.
Iloney, 1 lb. Combs     2Bo.
Jersey Cranberries, por lb    15c j
Wagstaff's Mincemeat, 5 lb. pails, each 65d.
Fresh Oysters, por qt    90o.
Fancy Fresh Killed Ducks, por lb    25c.
Fancy Fresh Killed Qcoso, per lb    25c.
Fancy Fresh Killed Chickens, por lb. ...!'..   25c,
Fancy Fresh Killed Turkey, por lb    30o,
Fancy Fresh Killed Fowls, per lb    20c.
Banquet Bacon, por lb    22c.
Medium Hams, por lb    21c,
Boiled Hams, sliced, por lb    40c.
Brookfiold Sausage, 2 for .,    45o.
Finon Iladdio, per lb    15c,
Kippers, por lb    15o.
Bloators, per 16    12^
Russian Cnviaro, per tin 1 25
English Stilton Cheese, por lb. ..,,    50c.
Roquefort Choose, per lb    50o,
SwihS Clioeso, per lb    3Bo.
LiinburglKM* Choose, por lb    30c.
McLaren's Imperial, small jar     2Bo.
Dulcli Choose, eiiftli    8B0,
Kaslcrn Townships Creamery Butter, 3 lbs. 1 00
Alberta Croiuuory Butter, 2 lbs. for „    7Bo.
^   Alborta Dairy Butter, in .14 lb. boxes, por lb.. .30o.
^uoen and Stuffed Olivos, 14 oz    SBc.
Quoon nnd Stuffed Olives, 18 oz    BOc.
Quoon nfid Sfnffod Olivos, 32 ojf. .' 1 00
Mnp of Ttnly Olivo Oil, qt. bottles ...!......   80o.
j   Miij» 01 Itiily Ulivo Oi), pi. hottkvj    4Bo.
]i   (\ am] B. Assorted Pinhles, per bottlo ......   3Bc.
Knunr Krnut, *l lb. for    2Bo.
Lee and Pcrrin's Sauce, \i. pts    35o,
Lee and Perrin's Sauce, pt. bottles !.....:. 65c*.
Essence of Anchovie, bottle ';.:. .j;'.'.. .■.'■. 7. 35c.,
Durkee's Salad Dressing, pt„bottles "......"- 60c;
Grape Juice,, qt. bottles, each ,.._......... 75c.
Spanish Pimentoes, - per", bottle ".-..';. ". / 50c'*..
Spanish Mushrooms, perbottie ........ .7.,-. 50c.
Fresh Parsnips,^per lb.;,.".".' 7. .°r: .7.. ]>. ;.3c7
" Apple Cider," per gallon 7. ..v.^. ,\.J..:.,',' 85cV
Eldoire Perfecto Cigars, each,25c.,- per box. .3 00 -;
"     Majestic Cigars, each25c./per box..2 75;
. Children's Christmas Stockings, each    5c. to 00c.
:Do not overlook calling on our Grocery Depart^
ment as we have many other lines,of extra good
* values we are unable to list in this space.  . A coin-
plete line of California.Green Vegetables.will be.
among our assortment.       .■■--■
33 1 -3 Per Gent. Discount
, One-third off the marked prices of the very best assorted stock of applicable Christmas Gifts
ever placed on sale. It is not possible ta enumerate and describe the many articles in this lot." But'
theyinclude:       -■ • ' •     '- ,       ^   ' "7   ,  ,.        . 7 .
Toilet Articles"       -   ' ■'
'Brush and/CombTSets
Brush,"Comb and Mirror Sets
Manicure" Sets      '
- Table. Mirrors ...    ,'
Hand Mirrors"   ' \ ','.
".Triple Mirrors'
• Sewing,Cases -.,""■   -^ - \
' WprkTBa'skets <7        /""■■;
,-Pape'r,Knives and Seals with Ivory
• -eland Pearl Handles :  ."
■Pin-Cushions     .    ■   - "'
•Photo Frames ... "•   '    .,;
^Card Trays -;'. "-.-. '- - ■\A7y-
Jewels Caskets.^ ., • ., ■'
.BabyiBrush Sets ,' 7- y^ ',
Soap'.Botes''' . •, '.'■.■."
Large Brass and1 Copper Trays
Brass .WaU-'Plaques -,. y -J-y. yy
Ornamental ,>Clocks - ■' "^" *;.,, - ,4
Vases' arid1;Ornaments"; ■■■■ ^-V-
CandlesticksV   "   • ■"        '7   -
sCahdleabrums      ;'
Brass Jardjneres   '     ,
•Brass Ferri.Pots -        "-.,- ■-''- y. [
Brass'and Copper Coal Hods    ■
Brass Kettles, and Stands: 7 ,,  • .-
Jardinere'Stands -',J   '^ -   '.
Collar and Cuff Boxes'and Bags
•Pocket 'Flasks: •*'"- "■?  :f'7
,Tobacco:Jars 7"*'   -•   '-77  .
* Smokers'' Sets   ■-" -   -: "■-:> ,^-
"Ash Travs    < '' 7:-7' ' " 7.y y
..-. \:.;.. And Dozens of Other Articles. J7 AIL.- the Useful Kinds for .Christmas Gifts-     -7 -     "1
.. . .   .■-.; 7- . ,'t       70URV,..T0Y;.i-^DEPARTMENTS   -    .   ',;...-.   , .:„C .V  ?,„ \v.
; Is pyerflowing with all kinds of delightful. n<>Yel ties- for the little ones, mechanical toys of many"
kinds, toys for^the baby and for^11 other .ages to; the second' childhood;''     \'\-'\
Books for Boys and Girls.    See our Specia}J Cloth Bound 25c. a volume.   Picture Books, Ohild'a
Story Books, etc... Sleighs for boys and girls, V 0     - -y    .1'    .,
TOYLAND AND CARPET AND FURNITURE DE PARTMENMecond Ploor. .   -
ment
We have spared no effort to make this department complete arid have secured the largest assort-
t bf newest novelties in Men's Wear ever beforeohown * in 'Fernie;    If you wish to make a gift.
that is the last word in New York arid Paris creations visit thia department and you will find many
things that will be sura to delight the recipient,;
TIES  AND  MUFFLERS
DRY GOODS AND READY-TO-WEAR    7
• /' \ ■',;■ ' DEPARTMENT '■"'"; ^   ,->7
7 ' . A;dainty piece of neckwear,makes-a'jpleasing-'-
'   :inft-   '    '  ■'•;■   "   -.' "'   '     7 7"y" /'. ,y-,-
,   New Fancy. Stock Collars, Dressy' Jabots and Side"
- Frills; put up in fancy boxes without-extra charge. .
,     BELTS.—^The newest ideas for the present sea-.,
,    son. ...Colors to harmonise with'any. costume. ; ,  f  '
FRILLINGS.~In holly boxes 35c.' each   -"   ■
. y HANDKERCHD3FS.—Real   Irish" linen,   -very
*    sheer and .beautifully" embroidered, at prices.rang-.'
' ying from 25c.7'7„   :< '   y  -7 \ 't :     . ■''X ,;
"^     Boxes without extra!charge. ,-.   "   ".    -   .    •■,,    ,
■'*     Children's'Fancy Handkerchiefs.-   - •'"':.   "*
.">' •, ..:   ,/., /bags ' ■•.':? ':.\ -.
... +    The newest in real seal, walrus, and cape seal. ,-■
Suede Bags in colors to, match costume;V   y, •
"   "   Velvet Bags in, plain ■•colors'and black and whlW'
-^ stripes. ' y^.^f'"7    .'•""'■ c''7 '•"""   ~y rf '-"*'   ' 7-.*
:' ■ - Bags finished withlong cords or leather straps."- ,
Purses arid Card Cases.'77 "^ V'7''-',7    ;.-
;i!>  Beaded arid Chain Bags. -  7/:  (•    .y j 7
1       Hair Ornaments in separate pieces or sets." Plain -
'■• prjjeweledY •_, ;■ '7. *7yx -'" -' 7; ^-   ._ > _ ;",7,7'
■ ,' ^ancy.barideaux^for"evening-wear. ; "''"'-'' y'y.
y/^' ySILK7AND'*OTttr6N^WAiBTS-y^4^^1
,   ,'   Some very, new styles just arfivedfor/the Christ-'
 7-Ly i2L21^1 - •   - ■'     ■■■   ^   -  '-     ■■-'■-- 7-'-.^ .-.  .■■,"..	
^ir-xuiiHBUupiJerr"7 ~r.
See'our "Special Neti'.t'W'aists-at $2.25.' - y- --,- ■'",
One of this seaBpri's novelties-in Waists is the
y'TIE 'ROUND,' which, is'fast becoming a favorite. ,
'    .  L'    •- ..> / 'GLOVES   '   ' 7 ..,.•.■"■    ■  4,.
■ A woman never has^tod many pairs of, gloves. 7-
Our $1.50 Guaranteed Glove'is well known.ris;the<
most reliable glove, in'the trade'and comes in*all -_
1  colors1.   • "'     "    "     '   '  ,' ,7,   7 * ■" "■ --'
Gauntlet gloves, lined and unh'ned.'"
Wool-lined Mocha Gloves. '
* 1
■\
, One of our new flowing-end Ties made up in higli^
' ' grade Silks of beautiful design. t   Each Tic put
up in fancy box; make acceptable gifts.
Price.. 60c, 65c„ 75c, $1., $1.25., $1,50. and $2 each.;
Wo also offer a special range of Silk Derby Ties,;'
assorted paterns and of good quality, worth 50c. Ii.
special  .j ,,, Zoo,
There is nothing a man appreciates moro than a -
nice Muff lor!    We are showing-thorn in tho now,
Knitted Silk with fringed ends.    Each in fancy ■
box, priced from $1.25 to $7.50. "
Plain Silk Mufflers in every shade; prices from
$1.50 to $2.75.
Knitted Wool Mufflors in all shades and Btyles
from 60o. to $1,
', Silk Handkerchiefs—Plain Wliit'o, Brown, Red,
Navy and Green, at ,....-.,.. 6O0. each
Silk Handkerchiefs—Plain White, initialed, any
'letter  , :.. 50o. each
Plain and embroidered' Cashmere Sox in blaok
and colors at. 85o.to 65c
, Silk Sox, plain and orab., from $1.50 to $2,0 pr.
, Thero is nothing moro sonsible or comfortablo
thoso cold winter days than a good Sweater. Wo
havo them intho high sweater nocks, open V nocks,
and the coats with or without collars.
Men's Swoator Coats range fro $2.25 to $5.00.
Children's .Sweater Coiits rarigo from 75o„'to $2,50
Mocha Gloves, Silk, Wool ond Fur-lincd from $1,00
to $5.00,
I
This space doos not permit ub to give a dotailed description of the hundreds of suitablo gifts we
can suggest and whioh wo oarry in stock in all stylos'and prices, ready for your inspection. .
Cuff Links, plain and fancy, from 25c. to $2 pr.
Tie Pins in boautiful designs, from 25c to $5.00 each, "
Gold fillod Watch Chains and Fobs, from $2 to $10 each, " ,
Watches, all grades, from $1 oach to $45 each.
Fittod SultcaBcs and Bags, from $10 to $40
Real Leather Club Bags, from $5 to $25,
Trunks, in all styles   and sizes, $2,50 to $30
Why not buy   Wm a Safety Raror?
FANCY SLIPPERS FINE SHOES HOOKEY BOOTS & SKATES
This department has not boon forgotton.   It is full of good things that delight tho Christmas
ftA%V"t^ft-
A  *    -+W*      fr-MLf      »lW«UVi|
Men's Traveling Slippera, in case, -Special $3 pr.
wren's Fancy Lcatliur Slippers, from $1.50 to $3 pr.
Men's Moo.ha Slippers, from $1.50 to $2 pr,
■ATfi*-.*.. 7Tm«-1.<-». Ql. , ^     It .11     1^c ^««m,     a^
....*  ....   ..   j  ...LJ.  ,   ,.„., \ik t)mM.j nviuk ^<i,iu vo ^1)
Men's SnowshocR, nil styles, from $4 to $7.28 pr.
Child'R, Girl's and Misses Felt Slippers, from 75c.
$1.50
Women's Folt Slippers, all colors, from 7Bo, to $2.
Women's Fancy Mocha Slippers, wool-linod, from
$1,25 tb $2.00
Women w iinii Ciirin' ifcH-Mey hlioes nnd hlta*os,
from $2.60 to $100
Women's nnd Children's Snowshoes, from $2,25
to $4.50
Knitted Gloves' and Mittens, with deep gauntlets, ,•
in assorted colors.-   -'   y<\ ■       '        T^ 7    ■ '
EVERY WOMAN LIKES SILK STO0KINGS
.    Our' $2.00 Pure Silk Hose with Lisle Sole makes
an ideal gift.    All shades, put up in dai&ty holly
boxes! fl \ y„.  -    '
.   Ribbons.—In stripes, t)rosdcns and plain'colors;
all widths. ■'• ,7
, CHRISTMAS CARDS and AUTOGRAPH STA-
TIONERY-—In attractive packages. .. '. ,t,'....;..
KIMONAB
In Silk and Crape. • yeryhandsomo floral and
Jap designs.-
Dressing Jackets in Silk, Cashmere and Serpentine Crape.
SILK   PETTICOATS
Plain colors and shot effects in unbroakable Taf.
fota for $175,
.   Satin and Black Taffeta Petticoats.  Sp'eeial at'
$8,00
LINEN DAMASK TABLE CLOTHS
Longths from 2 to 4 yards with napkins to match.
Hand-cmbroidercd Tray Cloths, Doilies, Conlres,ctc.
TAILORED WASH WAISTS
A Spociol lino of Linen Waists at .'   $2.25
Heavy Corded Piquo Waists    $2.26
All-wool Dolaino Waists \,,,,,   $2,75
KNITTED * GOLF COATS
For womon and children,   Tho vory host makos
and a splendid rongo.of colors and stylos.
*Motor Caps, Toques and Hockey Caps.  *
Mitts, Gloves, Sashes and Mufflers,
i   Knittod goods for tho littlo ones in Ovorhoso,
Gaiters, Overalls, Mittens, Hoods, Caps, Veils, otc.
Stamped Linon and Lawn Corsot Covorn, Princess -
Slips and Night Dresses.    Stamped Linon Contors, ,
Tray Cloths, Dollies, Foney Cushion Tops, T^iblo
Covers nnd Scarves,""
!l Tho,, Callod-for Embroidery Threads.
WINTER COAT SPECIALS
Every garment in our stock is now on the bargain"
list.    Many are loss than half price, and nil are loss
thnn cost,     ,*   '                           "
COAT AND SKIRT SUITS
$L'5.00 lo $3B.UD Suilfl for v $18.75
NEW STREET AND EVENING DRESSES A*
jv POPULOR PRICES
. .New' Skirts iri Voiles, PauamaB and Sorgcs.
We will offer our entire stock' of Men's, Boys' and Children's Clothing at prices that will clean up our stock
Each suit specially marked on the ticket.   These prices hold good until Dec. 31st
DON'T MISS THIS OPPORTUNITY,   IT'S A MONEY SAVER TO YOU,
■ ^v* •. V*^-v *^N^V.V-W
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■ ^ , A ^^wHow^-wm^ WHW««<)|<hig '»,*|«w

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