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The District Ledger Dec 9, 1911

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.,' -,r Industrial, Unity is Strength  'yi. ..*,-- -   ' C--''»i >   '7. 7, .' '7 .7
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
-Vol. V:,; No. 16
$1.00 A YEAR
The Algeria Government is Being
,   ''   y '.:- yy, ■  "• - y ' "    "    ■. \ •'*'   ••'•-,'■     s
y  Pressed to Establish Labor
\\ -^ ; yDepartment Soon
Tlie special 'meeting, of the Trades
' •  and Labor'Council-held in-.Calgary on
' M<niday'.:nlght\ to -discus's the.'early
c   7 closing -'bill introduced in th'e Alberta ■
*    legislature'by'*Hon. C. W. Cross;, th©
\: amendment*, to the compensation act,
,"- "and other matters' which"will be„pre-'
-..-   "sented to the^legislatur'e by W. Sym-
,<,   -onds.'vice^presldent of the Alberta -ex-
":*,"' ecutive * of the. Dominion.. Council" aind
-. *, Donald .McNabb,'-a member of the exe-
7 --cu'tive, was largely attended,, arid much"
.;. -enthusiasm-was aroused,by tbe'Hwo
■Lethbridge riten.  ' , "       •' • .y    ,-v
""'; The council at the close'of the meet-''
'; ing' "passed resolutions expressing Its
' • -, approval of the various reforms spoken
.-'■I,of by'<Mr. Synionds and Mr. McNabh7
',.-. '.Mr. Sym'onds ,;first addressed -the
7'>' council, referring first to the Injustice
of the 30 foot clause ln the,Alberta
.'••■..Workmen's Compensation Act.  ".The
legal interpretation .of the clause was
?..* that the-height of. a building must be
taken' from- the ground^floqr- up, and
;,'-' • if a workman fell fiyo any' part of' a
';- building that wao"no£'30 feet high, or
' oVer,' his 'family was-entitled 'to "no
.- „ oonipenusation' i, whatever. "  Linemen'
„y wor.king-on'pole linesr. throughout the
I   province,'"'he-declared/ were" taking
7.   their lives in   their hands every time
' *"they went up-a-pole, as' the"' Alberta
-. government ""had issued-^instructions
[i "-'that poles be siink a depth'that the
', 7."top .would'.-be .less :than.^thirty feet
-'high. ■'As' an' electrical worker Mr.
,T;   Symonds wanted- to .'see:-tbls .clause
. • '• Indianapolis, Ind., **.
'',- ' Nov- 23, lull.
To.llie Local Unions-of the", "United
M'ne.Workers of America—Greeting
r •
,;  ,   The compensation act'did notap'pjy
'* "7'."to- agricultural interests'as one of "the
'' ~ clause's stated that tlie; agricultural dis
tricts were 'exempt from" its opera-
■  tlons, and iii' this regard its usefulness
,   - '-fell' far short of the' Saskatchewan -Act,,
,..  "which he considered the best In the
world. '       ,
n ' A labdr department, In connection
'''(i'"li/   with'the'Alberta government,  was
'."'^.something he would llko to see in-
7' y augu'rated.    Through-It. labor troubles
•\ ,| in the big industrial centres could be
""'  investigated   nnd . quarterly   reports
fl made on the labor conditions throughout the country.    In" connection with
'   tho department ho would llko to soo
'government'employment; agencies to
do'away with the present ones, which
he considered were- daily bleeding the
workingmen; - and' giving- thet^ uttl-e
service.1.', ," '' • / ' ' . .' ,'
.Weekly, payment-of wages, ^d in
cash';,was, another reform he wis^a to'
see", he wanted-the Calgary Tra^s-an(j
Labor," Council to "go oil record ^s VOjC.-
.ing its approval; toJ the matter, \n^ ajso
to circulate petitions to. this eff^ an(j
to get them* largely signed. It meant
a lot to the,* miners in the Crow a^' ^js
time.'" In"'closing he'referred'briefly
to, the early closing bill-whi^h ^
been_ introduced in'the legislature by
Hbn.C.'W."Cross. -   ,/,'   •     '•      •   *\,
Donald McNabb, who is connected
with the  miners'  union of Alberta
spoke of -the' labor "troubles' Jq tjje
Crow, and reiterated ; "Mr ' Syin0'n(jis
views regarding a. provinciaMabor de.
partment.    He wanted to see the ^ime
come, when instead of the labor men
making a- pilgrimage " to the" .s^ 0(
government,' the'" government ugents
would .come- to' the\lab6r>'men -i0 "en.
quire into their' wants.  - He referrej
briefly, to "the eight-hour day bin an(j
the conditions under which the itinera
of .the^' country';worked," after, which
the different'matters" spoken of Were
taken up by the'council and discusseci ■
Resolution's.voicing- the-,councU>s UIj.
qualified approval of-ali the sug§est:e(j
refov,msi: were -unanimously^ adopt^,]^
,7'The "third"-s*essidn."of the secoU(j je.
gislative assembly is now-.in progrega
7 Tlie Tisual .ceremonies .were carried.'
6uc-according:to*formulS17fr*The sp^Q
'from the throne contained references
touching.many subjects, coronation 0f
the. royal ,palf,,'the;.-appointmohti.of'
Duke of Connought- to • succeed • ]jari
Grey; as Governor-General of .Canada,
dry farming congress, and", the opening of the Ponoka Asylum, roads, telephones, etc.   '        ,     w     ' , •
Tlio speech concluded, B. Mlc^ener
introduced ■ the 'recently* elected hiem-
bers to- the speaker,- these wero j0jjn
Riloy, of Gleichcn, J. S. Stewart, 0f
Lethbridge," T. M., Tweedle; .of cai.
gary, and John Klmmis of Plheher
Creek. .
Tlie debate on, the-address "began
Monday,'-when J. L, Cote, from Athabasca, ' introducd tho .motion riniVDr.
Campbell of Ponoka seconded,   y.'
I herewith'enclose you a' list of .candidates.for the varlous'.offices of tne
United Mine' Workers'of America for
the term beginning April 1, 19i2, to
be "voted for "in accordance with Sections 1 and-. 6 of Article -VI.', of the
National Constitution, which reads as
follows: .
"Section J. „The election shall.be
held on the second Tuesday in Decern?
her, and every member in good standing-oh the first-of December shall
be entitled to vote."    '■'    ] •  "y
"Sec. 6.   Secretaries of'Local Un-
ions r shall, under; penalty of suspension from office, notify their members
one week prior to the date set for the
election:of International Officers and
shall, record the vote, on the returning sheet opposite .'the names of candidates 'for which said vote or votes
have been cast.   ..No member' shall be
allowed more than one-vote for. any-
onb'candidate, nor shall the Secretary
record the'vote of any member that
is not-present at the-time the election/Is held, except officers, organizers or workers in the field away'from
homej whose vote shall be counted if
sent' to the Secretaries of their respective . Local .Unions, and the - ballot
shall  be sent, in  special  envelopes
sealed and marked 'Election Returns,'
addressed to the International Secretary-Treasurer, not later than December 25, 1911, and shall be deposited by
him. in an unopened ballot, box prepared for the;purpose.'-- The,ballot
box shall be opened only' by the International Tellers," or their "Alternates,
and   should  any such  envelopes  be
found opened the same; shall not be
counted. -. v The correctness" of the returning sheet'must be attested to. by
the- President (and, Secretary of the
that there have been more votes reported oh'the returning sheet than
were actually"cast.,by the",members,
present at tbe meeting -where ,th'e" vote'
was"taken, the whole vote.of the'Local
Union shall bo thrown out and the
Local  suspended ^ for the  period  of
three months.' ,i
Local Secretaries' are, requested, to
read these sections carefully to Local
Unions before a ballot is, taken. Alter
the ballot, has been "■ taken.' fill out
one of the return sheets, giving-each
candidate credit ■ for the actual number bf votes he received, enclose the
return\sheet-in tho envelope provided
for that purpose, and mail It, retaining the pink duplicate return sheet on"
file in the Local'Union..
Dq not mail the returns in any envelope that is not .plainly marked on
the outside "Election Returns," because it will be opened by the Secretary-Treasurer, and the vote would
then have to be thrown out.
Do not enclose anything but election
returns in the envelope provided for
that purpose, because it will not be
opened,before December 26th, 1911.
• Each member /of the organization
may vote for ',■:,, . "'
■ 1 Candidate for President,
■• .1 Candidate "for, Vice-President.     0
1 Candidate, for Secretary-Treasurer.
"-3 Candidates fo^v., Auditing and Credential Committq \ -7
- 3 .Candidates f^^llers.
7' Candidates, fdV^ilelegate to the
American", Federation of Labor. , ''
But he cannot under any circumstances "plump"-his, vote or give more
than. one. vote to any,.one candidate
for the same office.
Ballots-.to be.used by the members
will be>forwarded from this office by
express or mail to the Secretary of
your Local. If.he does ont receive
the ballot "by,".December' 1,'telegraph
this office' at once, giving your, nearest
post office.- so that other ballots may
be" forwarded.-' y
' -The names ,of'the nominees are as
follows': ', y-.y. ',    ' .'
k ,.        i For--President
Johri''P7Wh'ite,76skaloosa, la. '   ';:,<
T. L. Lewis, Bridgeport; 0. y     '' - "
!_FTor Vice-President     -/" '•""
Frank- J.'-Hayes". CollinsviUg,JlL_^_i-
'Samuel Pa'scoe, Farmington, III.  " ''»
••.ForrSecretary-Treasurer 7''
Edwin Perry,- Oskaloosa, la.
',    For Auditing a^d Credential ,
'".;.".\- /'/-r"""Committee      """V"
John J,,'Mossop, North Lawrence, 0. p
Albert Neutzllng, Glen Carbon, III.
William Donaldson, DuBois, Pa.
•Arthur Blakely,' Hartford, Ark."
David Noblo, Jackson Center, Pa.
"L'd. Maioney, Springfield, III.
Hugh Burns, Beaverdale, Pa.
Patrick Callahnn, Roselterv Pa.
Martin Greely, Fayette 0i;>-, Pa.-
T. G. Morgan, Linton, Ind.
John Price, Nanticoke, Pa.
Jas. Gillespie, Scranton, Pa.
'   For Tellers
William Young, South Forlf, Pa.
William Feeri'ey, Charloroi,' Pa'
Thomas Paskell, Shawnee, 0.
Thos. Holliday, Granville, 111. (.
W. P. Brown, Starford, Pa.
Wm. Slee,'Mqrrisdale, Pa. ' •■
Nelson Anderson, Scranton, Pa.
Samuel Burns, Osceola.Mills, Pa.
Walter Hall, Troy,' 111. ",'       -
Wm."Foster,,DuBois, Pa.   ,'
Dave' Murphy; South1 Fork, ,Pa.'
John Patton, jr.,' Boonville," Ind. N
For Delegate to American Federation
/    •   v    of Labor.     „.
John Mitchell,-Spring Valley!,111.    "
John P.' White, Oskaloosa, la.
T. L. Lewis, Bridgeport, O.
Frank J, Hayes, Collinsville, 111.   .
John H. '.Walker, Springfield, 111.
Duncan McDonald, Springfield, 111.-
E. S. McCullough, Monongahela City,
Pa._   ,.'
Wm. Green, Coshocton, 0.     .   '
Adolph Germer, East St. Louis, 111.'
Alexander Howat, Pittsburg, Kan.
Francis Feehan, Pittsburg! Pa.
John Moore,.Columbus, O.—
Wi'D. Van Horn, Terre Haute", Ind.  -
Frank Farrington, Streator, III.
John T. Dempsey, Scranton, Pa.'
G. W. Savage, Columbus, O.
John Fahy, Shamokin, Pa.
Thomas. Kennedy, Hazleton, Pa.
RrM.Roll, Central City, Ky.     ,    '
C. P.,Gildea, Sublet, Wyo.
James-Morgan. Cheyenne,-Wyo.' '
Geo.^Baker, Centrai'City, Ky.        "" ;
Robert Gibbons, Idlewbod, Pa,- .
Ge'o7Helmer,;Seatonvllle, 111. i"
Thos.' Russell,: Cle Eliim; Wash.
james'D.lBIcLenriari. Glace Bay, N.S. -
James Lord, Farmington, III. '",»'
E. P; Miller;'-CochiDCton, 0. ;     -v , '
Josi'PopVBelievllW'ri^':"''''",'"" 7"'"'''
Jos! Smith, Bay City,, Mich.
H. H! Vincent,,Central City, Kan.
... Fraternally yours, . ,
,   7 ■ EDWIN PERRY,   ,
International Secretary-Treasurer.
■T*     ■    ^  '
'      '♦ r ' I l< ,(',''"
Letter from New Minister of Labor
•     on the Recent Troubles re
Miners' Strike
Letter from Minister of Labor Crothers
AVe have receive dthe,following from
tho Minister of, Labor at Ottawa, in
reply to our open-letter sent last week:
Ottawa, November 27th, 1911
Dear Sir,—I have you;- letter of
the 21st instant, which you sent also
to .Honorable Mr. Rogers and tb Mr.,
Goodeve, and I am very glad indeed
to'., hear what you have;to say res-
sefloiis had occurred there,   I am
glad to know that the men were discreet 'and patriotic enough not to
stir tip any disturbance.' , "■ ' ,.,,'   ■'
Yours faithfully,  '. *"
'"   • ,T. W. CROTHERS."
■ J,' W. Bennett, Esq,, Manager,   "
District Ledger,.Fernie," B.C.';- •■ , '
(Ed.—Commenting on tho reading of'
the Riot Act our contemporary, ro-
pecting, the trifling disturbance at marks that such .is resorted to "only
Fernie, B.C.. -7    A     '     in case of extremls"(!)   VTrifling dis-*
"I'had already had a talk with Mr J turbance"!   ' This undoubtedly it was,
Goodeve about the matter some time
ago, and he assured me that nothing
C.N.R. and to Calgary and Edmonton.
With railway facilities at Camrose
enabling the companies to'ship coal ln
every direction, and with the steadily
increasing demand for coal, the coal
mines will be a strong revenue producer for the Camrose district this year.
A. S.
and the farce of reading the riot act
does not reflect much credit upon the
nerve of those who were instrumental
in enacting1 this piece of Gilbertian
buffoonery.' When such measures as.
reading the riot act are adopted there
should be real cause, and the streets
should be impassable, and as every
one' is aware, except the people who
worried for the reading of' the act,
this was at no time the case in Fernie.)
OTTAWA; Dec. G.—The select committees of the house met this morning
and elected chairmen as follows:
' Railways and canals, Houghton Lennox, South Simcoe., ,' ■   "
Privileges" .and    elections,    Samuel
Barker, Hamilton,,
■ Standing orders, Dr. Paquet, L'Islet,
C. M. O'Brien, the Socialist member ;
in' the Alberta house, "objected to the ,
re-arrangement of the seating, which
placed h'iin' in the ranks of the government.     He said the house committee'
must, have been playing pranks ori him
'i ' ii,
Alberta Legislature .
And Its Doings
uVW, Bennett Leaves the
Editorial Chair of the
District Ledger
♦ -'->'        . ♦
♦* '   Owing'  to   Vice-President ♦
♦ Stubbs, who has been acting ♦
♦i   on tlio Board of Investigation ♦
♦ ,in connection with the dlsput- ♦
♦ es at, Cardiff, and also to tho ♦
♦ fact that Board Member Mc- ♦
♦ Nab has boon ongaged on ♦
♦' work for tho Trades and' Ln- ♦
♦ bor Congress of •' Canada nt. ♦
♦• Edmonton, it lias boon neces-, "♦
-V aary'to postpone tho District  ♦
♦ Board meeting which should   ♦
♦ havo been held   this   wook,  ♦
♦ until Tuesday noxt. . ♦
' (From Our Own Correspondent)
Tho' legislature   on • Docombor 1st
suspended tho regular orders nnd donlt
with a bill known as "An Act Ros-
poctlng tho Municipal (ind School Elections of tho Cities of Edmonton and
Strathcona for tho year 1011,"   Tho
bill received Its first, second and third
reading, nnd was.passed and received
tho royal assent In tlio spaco of twonty
Vt^^Tho reason for this vory hurrlod
ploco of legislation was that lho cltlos
of Edmonton and Strathcona aro oj)»
plying-to tho legislature to pass an Act
to nmnlgamato tho two cltlos, nnd as
It is moro than llkoly that tholr petition will bo grnntod, It was considered
Inadvisable to havo   olvlo   olootlons
now,   as   a   rfonornl'oouhcll   would
linvo to bo oloctod In tho noar futuro,
Tlio bill as assontod to roadn as
follows:     „
No. 18 of 1011
An Act respecting tlio Municipal nnd
School Elections of tho Citl«s of Edmonton snd Strathcona for tho year
1012.    (Assontod to Doc, 1st, 1911.)   ,
Ills,Majesty, by and with tho ndvty
" and consent of tho Legislative Assembly of tho Province of Alberta, enacts
us toiiows;
), Xvl»UUUiidlii£ tho provisions of
nny Ordinance or Statute, no raunlcl.
pal school oloctlon* shall bo holdcn
In tho your one'thousand nlno hundrod
and olovon'for tho oloctlon of mayors
•la-,*; AMviuiuu io» uio emus of Wdmon-
ton nnd Strathcona or for school trus-
toos for tho following school districts,
namely: Tho Kdmonlon School Dls«
trlct No. 7 Of tho Province of Alberto,
Saint Joachln Roman Catholic Sopar-
, fl.V> School TMMriot No. 7, Strathcona
thousand nlno .hundred and twoive
unless It shall bo'otherwise prov(()0(]
by nny Act passed for tho nrnulgi^,.
Hon or unlf'/of tho Cities of I3dinon.
ton nnd SLuthconn,
3. In tho ovont of no mioh Act b^ing
passed boforo tho first day of Pobj-u.
nry one-thousand nlno luindrod nnd
twolvo tho councils of tjio snld ottioa
shnll rospootlvoly. forthwith thoroii(ttlr
ujipolut tho, returning and othor q]oc.
Hon officers provided by Tho Edition,
ton Charter and Tho Strathcona Cimr.
tor for the holding; of municipal |lIU]
school oloctloiis for tho oloctlon 0f
mayors and tlio roqulrod numbor> 0f
aldormon for said cltlos nnd of scl)00]
trustooB for said school districts, nn(j
such oloctloiis shall bo holdon as nonr.
ly as. mny bo In accordance with tho
pulsions of said charters, and tho
porsons sj oloctod shall rospoctlvoly
bn mayor, aldermen and school tt<UB.
toos of said cltlos and school districts
and shnll bold offlco ln tho samo man.
nor ns If thoy hnd boon oloctod ns how
by law provided,
, This bill was Intended to bo lntro.
diicoil ns a prlvnto measure, but \vflB
put through tlio Houso as a Qovom.
mont. ono, bolng Introduced by Premier
Qlftitn tir.d Allo;:.o C'*,«d«i ^j^UiiiQ]^
If this hill hnd not horn jmt ilu'^gh
on tho 1st Inst, nomlnntlons for'^j,0
olvlo oloctloiis ef tho two cltlos woujj
havo boon in order on Monday, Doe<jra.
bor, 4 th.
^r.lfO.VTO.V, "D-w.. 'i.—On Mpnilay
last J. P. Coto (Athabasca) moved t),0
adoption of tho spooch form tho throno
In n spooch lasting about. 15 mlnutou,
In which ho took occasion to eulog|80'
the government upon Its policy nnd
oongratulntod Iilmsoir upon hnvln^tj^
honor to move tbo reply to tho flt-at
yVr think wo voice tho sontimonts
of the vast mnjorlly of o'i'" oltls:eiis
v'ben wo'wlsn our rotli'.'ng editor—,'.
W, Bonnott—ovory succes In his now
That his odiicatloiinl work ns editor
on this organ of onllghtonmont to the
wane-earners has not b-^on in vn'n wo
havo no doubt whatever. Fimirn
ovoiiIb will boar iifl'out, iiir wo firmly
bollovo that, as tho rosult of Mr. Bon-
nf ll u labors, niiiiiy \vovltorri hnvo como
to a realization of tholr dmy to Hii.mii
solves and liumnnlty,
It is now somo twenty-five years
since Mr. Tloiiiiott. loft England for tho
cohtlnont of Amorica, Flftoon yonro
linvo boon spout In British Columbia,
provlous to which his oxporlonco In
tho land of Unolo Sam was of grunt wl-
vrinliige to tlio caiiso of tho workors,
duo lo his having gained Invalitnblo
training In proparatlon for tho enllght-
onmont ho was lo receive under tho
Union Jack, It was In this land,
abovo all others, that the gospel of
tho proletariat was to bo made so plain
to him, With tho cxporlonsos incident to tho groat financial crisis of '07,
tho uncertainty of socurlty In employ-
mont, even to the skilled mechanic, nn
well as profOBBlonnl walks of llfo, wns
Camrose, Alta., May Become the Big Goal
Mining Centre
or else were not here last sessjoiLwhei
 Eublic-AeeountsrWr-SmildaieBoro7 Hle~sal<rthat the" Liberals'- and Conservatives wore all therein defence "of
capital, arid that' lie was th'euonly real-
opposition*'in the house.     ... 'y ~ '-y-
-He said- that"   the ' Conservatives
should not be sitting on "the oppdaitinn
side "They should be back there some
place," he said,, waving his; arms tbe-
hind the benches.,' Ho asked thatTils
seat should bo changed and that ho
disentitled to this courtesy. Ho wanted to ho located mid way, between, the
Liberals and" Conservatives. .,-"',,/.'
"Some of my temporance, cpn.3t)tu-
onrs might object to my sitting beside
a lololman like this (pointing, to'R.;
Sbaw) or a roughneck like'Jim 'Cornwall," concluded 0' Brlen. '" and   che
house roared ,nnd granted his roquest
Allor. tlio ndjournmont, Messrs. Shaw
nnd CornwaU'cheerfuIIy nsslstod ln ro-'
moving tho seat, and all Is how well.'   ■
North Grey,
Banking and commerce; H. B. Ames,
St. Antoine' division,, Montreal.  -   «,
'[Agriculture, J,"   A.  -Sexmlth,   East
Peterboro.   '.   " y_ "■'       '7-     7
Marine, and fisheries, Clarence Jameson, Digby-,N,S.   '
Mines'and minerals, A.' S. Goodovo,
Kootenay, B.C. -i ■
Forest   and   "Waterways,   Richard
Blaln, Peel. .
Debates, J. D. Taylor, Now Westmins
tor, B. C.     '■
Private bills, 0. S. Crockett, York,
N. B;"
learned so much of tho province, and
seoh the romnrkablo dovelopment.that
has taken plnco. For ono who hns
boon a rosldont of Vancouver ln tho
early clays, a trader In .tho Caribou, a
morchnnt In ItovolHloko, and In addition "boon on tho rond," It ls snfficlont
to say his knowledge of human nature
has been oxtoiiBlvo In the oxtromo. It
is, perhaps, this knowlodgo, In addition to his own peculiar gifts, that
hnfl-mndo him bo popular oven wllh
thoHo who ennnot ngroo with 111 in politically,
It Is a romnrkablo circumstance thnt
on both occasions whon Booking election at tho hands of tho workers ho I
With conl mines In Cnmroso dis-
trlst employing over ono hundrod nn'd
fifty mon and having nt prosont nn output of 400 tons por day, thoro Is like'
llhood of Cnmroso bocomlng ono of
tho Important conl mining cont rem of
tho provnlco. All mlnos now In op-
oration bognn In small way, but with
acquisition of railway facilities at Cam-
rose tho domand hns steadily grown
until It Is hollovod thnt tbo output wll!
nvorngo GOO tons por day for tho winter months, Tho quality of tho conl
|p oqiial to any In contrnl Alborta, nnd
glvos splondld satisfaction whoiwr
Tlio Stonoy   Crook   colllorlos,   ono
Successful   in   Action   for   Damages
Against   Standard   Silver-Lead
-    (    Mining Company
Damages to tho amount of $1,500
with . costs woro awnrdod Hugh W.
Lancaster In his action against tho
Standard Silver-Lend Mining company
aftor tho jury had deliberated ono
hour nnd 20 mlnutos. Tho verdict
wns awarded: "On the grounds that
wo, tho jury, do not consider that ado-
qunto precautions woro takon for tho
protection of tho public."
Mr. Lancaster claimed Hint ho had
sufforod Bovoro Injuries to his back
through his horsos having been fright-
oned by a blast flrod by tho Stnndard
Company nlong tho Four-Mllo rond
noar Sllverlon, when ho wns hauling
Tho annual mooting of tho Fornlo
Conservative^ Association wns hold in
Bruco's Hnll,' on Monday evening last,
l\r. A, U. Trltcs in tlio chair. Aftor
tho tifliifil routlno business hnd boon
disposed of election of officers took
plnco nnd resulted ns follows:
President, A. U. Trltcs; 1st Vlcb-
Prosldont, J, A. Ilroloy; 2nd Vlco-Prc-'
sidont, Jnmos If, Mni'Bhall; Secretary,
S, W. Ilarcluy; troasuror,' J, Low.
Uxocutlvo, W, A, Robb, A. McDougall,
S. Horchmcr, J. Tl. Wallace, R, Dudley,
Jnmos Stewart, S. I). McDoiignll, A,
hnB run against cabinet ministers Toy-. mj|0 H0„U| of tho tow„( <)n,I)]oy twonly,
lor In Rovolsloko, nnd W. R. Unss jn|flvo nion m] ,mvo „„ 0llt|Mll 0f ,00
brought out In ImM wiirf Vy tl.t l!.u«
sands of mon vainly Bftarnhlnr for the
moans of subslstonco, That, Mr. Ben-
nottt with tils capabilities should have
boon amongst that number la sufficient proof of tho terrible times endured ovon In a city so fnr wont n« jw
»arid, Oregon, However, It Is well to
Btntn ho wns Bomowhat moro fortun-
ato than others In soaring nn opportunity to earn something for tho sun-
port 'of his family,
Durlngr tho past fifteen years, perhaps, there In no man In this city who
" public School District No, 2W, and LpfiCcb from th« throne In tho n<,w
Hulnt Anthnnr dn mdua Romaii Ca  |oRU,ativ<, chflWbor
thollc Separate School, District Ko.
IL 11
2, Tbe present mayor, aldermen and
school trustees for said cities and
school districts shall hold find thoy
aro hereby wmHntiM In tholr reapoC-
tlve offlMs for all Intents and pu^
Feinlo. Whilst not 8iiccos8ful,,s
tho voto polled lu the Inst noiuost hi
snfficlont Indication that even Hio
cabinet bait wns not sufficiently nl-
trnctlvo to divert t'i'tikliig mm from
voting for tho candidate representing
tho principles of a world-wldo movomont of economic emancipation,.
Tho United Mlno Workors loso n
faithful sorvant by tho departure of
Mr. Bonnet from tho editorial chair
Of tho "DlRtrlet Lnrtw nn<t ctk- v!.u
hns unflinchingly rhnmplom>d tholr
cfiiiBO, It goos without saying, however, thnt "tho cause" of tho workers
Is with our ox-oditor, although IiIh
connection with tho paper Is sovorod.
Wo again wltornte nor *lnn#»r/».»
good wishes to our ox-oditor—J. W,
ore for tho Van Rol mlno. ,,,.     .    t,  ,.       „
The dofoiiHo was that all reasonable ril^!"10' H', Honno1!
precnutlnns' woro taken to wnrii nny
users of tho rond ami Hint It could not
havo boon forenoon that tho horsoB
would tnko fright, from tho blast and
run away. L. P. Jiokstoln and A. M.
Johnson appeared for tho plaintiff.'
During tho evening, to nil ho tho on-
thiinliiHin of thu iiiidltiiico, liquid ro-
fresh mon ts, clgnrs, etc., wore freely
tons por dny. This mlno supplies tho
local demands almost entirely nnd
Hlilps Its surplus to tho C, P. ll, towns
between Calgary nnd ISilmonton.
Sovon mllos north of Cnmroso Is
the Ilakowslil mlno which Is bolng^lo-
vclopod by Camroso capital. A large
loading platform U bolng construrted
along tho O.T.P, siding nt Dlnnnt nnd
tlio entire output ot tho nil no will ho
shipped to points onnt n1mif» ti<f r TP.
mnln Hue. At present the mlno <'m-
jii iys iii mennnd has nn output of 100
trus per day,
Tho greatest Industrial activity Is
<icon al tho mine of tho Round Mil!
Collkerios l.tH„ the hen.1 riffle «»*«>!-\
Sh ut Camrorie.   This mine which re-
presenti inveslmcnts of $.'10,000 has nn
output of SOO tons por day and cm-
, ploys 1/1 moil.    Tho company markets
Victor Scott wns sentenced! by Mag-i much <f tho output nlong the C.N.R.
Istrato Whlmstor on Tuosday last (o j points In Saskatchewan and oven ns
six months for n-MAiilf.     dormtnhh far es-1 iv* Manliohn.    Hhlpmcnts nre
.lohnsln took prisoner, to Nelson.        also fiad* south to Stettler on the
Tho Belgian Socialists met in convention to completo plnnn for tho cuni-
|mlf?n which will bo wngod without
Intermission from now until noxt Mny,
when olootlons for Parliament will bo
hold. Desplto tho popularity of the
young king It Is oponly declared thnt
tho monarchy Is doomed.
C, A, McDowell, N. Vniiconvor.—Tlio
list  of successful rnndldntos nt tho
rocont oxamlnniloii for engineers' cer-
tirientos wns published lu our Ihbiii"
of October 7, 1011.
Mine Inspector.—'Boforo dealing with
your rommiuilnttlon  wo must hnvo
your name nnd nddross, not necessarily
for publication.
Jas, Halinll.—A reply to your query
will ho found In nnotlior column of
this Issue. '
posOH until tho first day of* March ono
Tho motion was seconded by br,
Campboll (Ponoka), who was equally
overcome by the Importance of tho
honor extended to film to tako this
part In the Aohnto,    fhp adjaurumiim
(Continued on pngo ft)
Gompers Says Just Right
In Memory of those Who Lost Their Lives in
the Relfpvite F.rfJsscsk D<dc. w, SvJO
"[ am xUd n death icntcnco wn»iI think t»o sentence* received by both
not Imposed,    f nxa opposed to cnpital [oien vtwo appropriate to the crime,"
punishment undor any circumstance*.»   This,, waa tho comment of Samuel
(in ipers whon askml If he was satis-
l[* i with tho punishment meted out <o
tl» i McKamaras in Los Ancelcs.
JOHN   BA880
8.   D.   ERCOLE
ou* nono
Who waa en* ef the reicus
party, *M was killed en tho
foUewiog day.   He was a fire
boss at He-tmtr.) fc-, r* \:-~'~-'""-■,'^;u'.•':'V■- -.. 5 - ->-
r.!.;,.- V?
;■ 7.yy 7 yy.-y^y^y y^yy *>7yy-s
.. v
..     .10
, M •.-.:•>■ "M '-..'
;i>   »•-.,,.,
y:n7 yyi.-.
*■ ■
Industrial Training and Technical
Education Study as Found
In Their World Tour
After spending six months in Europe
Dr. J. W. Robertson, chairman of the
Royal Commission in Industrial Training and Technical Education, has returned to Ottawa.   The other coininls-
_, sloners returned to Canada several
weeks ago, and are at work upon the
many reports, records and documents
obtained abroad. From time to time
communications have been sent to tne
minister of labor, outlining the p'ro-
, <, gress of the inquiry in Europe. After
an.enpulry covering the cities of the
. eastern portion of the United States is
made, the report of the commission
will be .prepared for preesntatlon"to
the., minister of, labor.
In the "United Kingdom, Germany,
France, Switzerland and Denmark, Dr.
Robertson states,   "Great,leaders   in
„ educational movements discussed with
us, with frankness and fullness, not
only the systems and methods which
at present. prevail in their countries,
but also the problems'which face'the
different central and local authorities,
and the plans and-efforts which are
being made to meet new conditions."
Tlie great provincial cities' or centres in England, Scotland and Ireland,
such as Liverpool, Manchester, Leeds,
" Bradford, Halifax, Sheffield, Glasgow,
Edinburgh, and others, were visited.
At present, says Dr; Robertson, only
a few of the more vivid of the general   impressions   received    can    be
First of all,' one thinks of the character of the,men who are responsible
for the organization and administration of the education and of the headmasters and other teachers who carry
on the class work. Courtesy,, enthusiasm and ability.of high order were
always to the front. «> .
New buildings and equipment /■ for
- technical instruction are "everywhere
in'evidence.-    The revival of interest
ing of interest in this newer field of
education, has brought out much rivalry between different cities aBto which
shall have the finest, Institutions for
its young people. '. Nor is the attention and interest wholly or even mainly devoted to the material equipment.
Tho effort is focussed on the boy and
on tho girl, particularly between tbo
• ages of fourteen and eighteen.
Trade preparatory day schools have
been . started to give boys between
twelve and foutreen two years of the
sort of education which, whllo still
general, for real culture, given them
practical preparation for beginning to
learn skilled trades in the various
factories and shops. Continuation
classes with a trado preparatory sldo
have been begun and are being extended. ' There are evening continuation classes for boys nand girls who
havo'begun to work, wth courses having direct relation to tho trades and
skilled occupations in tho city or locality. Thoso continuation classes, commercial classes, technical classes and
nrt classes havo bocomo n groat foa-
turo ot tho educational offort on bo-
half of most of tho children whoso
attendance at tho ordinary school onds
with tholr fourteenth year.
For oxnmplo, In tho city of Halifax
00 per cent of all tho boys and girls
who loavo tho olomontnry day schools
contlnuo tholr education at evening
vocational classes and technical day
The earnestness of the pupils, their
Interest In their-work and, the rcgu-
laiity of their attendance were evidence of their own .recognition of the
value of tho education. they are receiving. <> In th© United Kingdom attendance at these technical and evening classes is voluntary, whereas in
twenty-one out of the, twenty-six states of thov German empire attendant
for a number of hours per week (from
four to eight) is compulsory for boys
from ..fourteen, to seventeen. In a
few of the states it is compulsory also
for girls. The employers are required to provide opportunities for their
employes to'attend such classes, to
be'over before seven o'clock in the
Notwithstanding the immense progress and the manifold evidences of
progress of this new field of educational .effort in England, Scotland and
Ireland, one seldom hears any "laudation by the people themselves of what
they are doing. Tlie refrain of near-
ly, every comment on the educational
work of England, by an Englishman, is
lamentation at its backwardness compared with that of Germany. I could
not fully share that feeling after being over Germany and other European
In Germany, as well as in other
countries, the, commission ■' was received with the utmost cordiality.
I/eaders in educational work, directors of institutions, and head masters
of schools were frankly communicative.        ' " ,J
Comparing a German city "with one
in England or Canada, ono Is-struck
by, the absence from the streets in'the,
evening of'the youth of both'sexes,
standing on street corners or wander;
ing aimlessly about. , The vocational
classes for "all sorts of, workers bet-
teen have evidently given the -people
generally a liking for', and satisfaction
from, attending classes' after the 'ordinary elementary school days are
over. • , '      -,     .
In the technical classes themselves
provision is made for all classes of
workers, and practically for ' three
sorts of careers, viz,, From the hand
workers, for th© foremen and superintendents, and for tho loaders and
During apprenticeship, the< youths
aro required to attend classes' during
several hours por week, ranging usually from four to ton:' and employers
arc required to lot their apprentices
go at such times that tho classes can'
bo over beforo 7 o'clock ln the oven-
lng. Many of tho loading employers
lot tho apprentices go-to attend classes during ono or two forenoons or
afternoons por week. In such cases
the wagos of tho approntlco are paid
for attendance at tho Rchool just
as though thoy woro at work in tho
shop. ' Aftor apprenticeship ls ovor,
thoro aro evening tochnlcal classes,
and ovon Sunday foronoon classos,
Natural «nd Artificial Aids Investigated
by Opeolalitta
You've often noticed how ravenously
bc&lthy children clamor for their mciils
and how easily thoy digest moiils that
would glvo n pood many of us •'grownups" a horrible attack of imilEostlon.
Now you contlnuo to got occasional at*'
tacks of indigestion without trying to
locate tho real causo of tlio trouble.
In tho ciuo of healthy, romping child*
ren, through tho fresh air and tho cciuio*
lets activity, rain or shino, tho salivary
processes aro constantly excited to a high
activity, Thoy haven't any groator
digestive capacity than we have, but
naturo properly prepares tho food for
easy digCHtlon. That's the way Naturo
intends it to ho done, and if wo lived
right wo would cravo and enjoy our food
Just as much as any child.
For years you perhups have been
treating indigestion the wrong way.
Stomach speciulliits havo found out
I tilrtt   li»*>   iiUuU.O   >»  ».</l   w.>iu^»   ',"..   I..C
MorruM'h it folf.lMi*, In \\\i\ improper saliva*
tion and preparation ol . tbo tooit tot
digestion. They now treat indieenlloo
by nrtxluctng proper conditions ucfore
foo<f ranches the period of digestion, just
tbo way Nyal's Digestive Tonlo acts.
It works on the preparatory aallvatorjr
process, cuiics its navr»vy, t,o vu*> \*A
digests naturally—not1 artificially.
This not only gives you comfort instead
of pain, hut glvea you what is far better,
a natural appetite for food that you
digest and assimilate. That's what
rebuilds the tissues and puts real flub
on your bones.
If you try this TemcJy wekiwwyoa
will be pleased. Nyal Remedies we sincerely befiero to b« tlm best nedlelna
TjJues offered, „ 17
! i
Pot Sale In Fernie ant! Guaranteed hy
Tho striker without music to chcor
his campaign or prayors to bloss his
progross, risking his existence to bettor llfo, and incidentally to lift up
his follow workers, for a century past
ban struck at this social system—capitalism.
While tho university has lgnor?d
social Injustlco nnd tho proachors havo
exhorted souls In rags, tho striker
has Boon and folt tho outrageous brutality of lho robbor class.
Ho hns folt the pain of "loopod and
windowed rnggodness," tho hopoloss-
nosB of poverty tho despair born ot
want, tho onVy of a superior opportunity of which ho has boon doprlvod,
and tho tours and tho sighs of breaking hearts nnd wrecked IIvcb,
Tlio strlkor lays down IiIb tools,
chances his existence, and that of his
ramlly, to war upon tho socloly which
makes homo n moro commodity to Vo
boiuiht nnd Hold, Ho knows of tho
iron market, nnd tho labor market—
and ho revolts at tho classification
which tho social ordor has flxod for
Ho nppoals to tho only weapon ho
(scorns to know, nnd it helps tilm somo,
uiut lor (he UUlo It Uhn> m»y Uv Uw-
ever bo victorious.
Tho striker Is op*vo«>d hy i-ocloty hy
his masters, by the law, by press and
pulpit, tho profossor and politician.
All Jilt) 'AKakiiftl i.»m, »»u'» ut, rtnwiUvix.
enemies nro his placid splnoloss, spiritless, apologising, compromising
Submission Is lawful, poverty le
blessed, wago slavery la sanctified by
capitalism and ovor ble«i"i»d hy jnm-
biers of trado and commerce.
Thft wnt-Vw- nro nn utrlk*. Th#>v
are haugry. lliolr masters nre at
tbo Rrond opera shedding their hypocritical tears over tho forlorn Mlmlin
"U Boheme."
Tctrs for tit* unfortunate rttaraclor
ot ih# plat-Hind a wine •npoor aftiw.
wards.—Seymour SUdnun In tbe
Ctavolantf Cttlwn.
Girls'Are Introduced   in   Mothercraft
. V   and Domestic Economy
LOS ANGELES, Cal.—A course in
matrimony is included in the curriculum at the Gardena Agricultural High,
School. While partly hidden under
the name "household economics,", five
classes of girls dally take advantage
of instruction in the care of babies,
mothercraft and domestic economy.
Noxt year a somewhat similar cours©
will be opened to boys,   7
' The girls aro taught such pleblan
matters as how plumbers are supposed
to do their work and ar© shown ln
cash just how much plumbers should
bo paid.  . ■
(Ed.—It is interesting to observe
mat tbe wage question is being turned over to classes on "household economics" so • far as r the, plumbers are
concerned. It might- be' just as weli
ro »iiend tbo study a- little, so that the
.wives and daughters of mechanics will
know .how much their breAd^'nuer
should e-iin and find out why i, is thot
he does roi^ receive the full vnlim oi
hi* toil. They wiU then g»t a little
insight into; what. "SurpUs Valuo
really is, and where it originates. They
will soon learn, if they , only apply
themselves. . It is only a question of
"Can you measure value?")
It would, be-better that some of th©
rookeries in his'diocese were entirely
demolishedl-and'the ground , seeded
with san' foin or timothy than continue,
as they are, vile congeries t where hu:.
man being's.are destroyed both' physically and; mentally. If the British
workingman were' to be content to subsist on Chinese fare arid accept the
Chinese ideals why should he bother
about the ring fence being patrolled,
because to comply with this "soft .and
flabby' intellectual ' degenerate's . notions he will get it in the neck both
coming and,.' going. (Treason! i De-
magogiim!. Chuck 'im but!)-, The
Dean said "It was quite easy to hypnotize oneself into imbicility. by repeating in" solemn stories," etc'. , He • has
caiise for congratulation in his own
case as tli-ere is no need,even to practise' hyr.'-.ptism to accomplish the end
referred to. His thoughts regarding
the taking of life mercifully are worthy
of consideration, but it would be more
scientifically beneficial to the race ii
he were "permitted to live to-a rotten
ripe old age and were exhibited as' a
specimine of the supreme asinity of
those masquerading as "teachers among men.' Th© Dean does not see any
thing for the working classes but to
emigrate or starve. . If they were all
to emigrate this sapient peddler of
piffle might starve or even a worso
fate befall him—he would have to
work. The thought is degrading. "By
the sweat of the brow shalt thou earn
thy bread.1' But—but— the brow
shall be on some.other,fellows head.,
After' listening to such yaporings credited to a high dignitary of the Church
there is no reason to wonder why the
working.classes are losing all confidence in "spiritua' advisers" of his
type*,- in fact; if/hey did not they
deserve to be classified as spineless
and unworthy to .be considered " as
mental units.-  -       -    " \ "     y.
Dean of St: Paul's Strange Sentiments
If you want ALL THE NEWS aob-
scribe to lb* U4f*r-tl.oo per ana.
A remarkable address on modern
tendencies "was delivered by the new
Dean of St.-Paul's before the Woman's
Diocesan Association at the Zion College recently.,, .
•. Dr. Inge, said that the outlook .was
gloomy in • the. extreme. Our coal
supply was being exhausted with criminal recklessness and our labor was
no longer very good and was becoming
extremely ' dear. He was afraid it
was- impossible that they could long
remain, th© workshop of the world under these changed.conditions. When
Chinaman was content with one-third
of .toe European's wages and did considerably more work In the.time, they
would.lnot "Keel much doubt that if
things went* on as they were, Poplar'
and. West Ham would someday have
to be turned into grazing farms.
The working man seemed to have re-
BOlved to make himself comfortable by
taxing capital, ln,plain terms, by looting the accumulations of Queen Vic-
torla'si reign and living on th© rates
and taxes. , He (the Dean) could not
Join the chorus of lay. and clerical advocates, who, when they spoke of cooperating with tho spirit of the age,
meant primarily and chiefly that thoy
ought to co-operate with tho' labor
movement.or tho spirit of Socialism.
Socialism or almost ovory other ©x-
oprlmeiit might answer in a.country
llko Now Zealand until - at any Tate
tho British' fleet ceased to patrol tho,
ring fonco when tho yollow men would
mako short work of the trado unionists. But ho thought ln England tho
conditions wero almost ideally unfavorable for those who hopod- to see a
hugo population with high wngos and
short hours, Tho soil would not support thorn, and whon thoy consod to
undersoil othor natloiiB, ho really could
not soo that thoro was anything boforo
tho working classos but to emigrate
or .starve.
Tho Donn said that It waB qulto as
oasy to hypnotise ohosolf into Imbecility by repeating,Tin solemn tones tho
shibboleths: "Progross," "democracy,"
and "corporatOjiinlty" as by repeating
tho blossod word Mesopotamia, Democracy was porhaps tho sillloBt of all
tlio fotlfihos that woro seriously worshipped among us, Modern humniil-
tarianlsm marked on ono sldo real
progress, but It hnd a soft and flabby
sldo. Tho horror of taking llfo, undor
any circumstances, Boomed to him unnatural and probably only temporary.
Ho thought, tho stato of tho future
would tnko llfo mercifully but more
frcoly than thoy did now.
Anothor temporary current which
was already loBlng forco was nationality, patriotism and Imperialism.—•
Bhofriold Independent,
(EiL—Bravo, Dr. Ingo! For a "foi-
lowor" of tho mook and lowly Na*-
nro'no you nro iiot hampered by nny
■•'nof| and flabby Hontlnioiitallsm," It
Is lndoed cruel tho reckless manner In
which coiii ivsytirich uru lapioUvu—
OUwl hew! Avi,»»i j-t i-i-j-i'jjd ,hU;) T"\x.-
Indlfferfiiro to human life whoro 4t
Interferes with (he continued buccps*
of nrftlsb trado Is qulto excusable, and
tho presumption of tho workingman
it, 4.\,,«J..'„i,'.        Hit, k.**t".,klktlu it M.i.tci'jl
waning when for sordid, sclllsh motives he raises n roar about condi-
tlona'whon tho Oriental Is contented
with one-third of the European's wag-
es. and will work harder too. Shock-
Injrl dreadful! Perhapsi the I>an
might agitato for a missionary fund
from tlio OrirTitnl* for tli/» piir,™** of
spreading tho kobjh-1 t»f content among
the heathens of Poplar and Wost Ham.
(■Respectfully referred to the Foreign
Mission Board.) If the calamity howling divine foars that popuiont con-
tr#« will be turned Into rrata land* It
might be interesting to know.'*hat
would become of hfs confreres, mayhap tbay would emlcrata to Chlnn or
study the •accntciit Io"ieef of haj a*
bultd*r» o. tlMt»—regatariant, In fact,
"The* Industrial Teace Association ls
at it again. The last time they got
lively in Vancouver, the situation was
captured by Socialists and members'of
the I. W. W.' ' They didn't capture it
this time—they-allowed it to evaporate.- . .,-   ,
The Association held a meeting Mon
day evening last in a Catholic school.
Addresses twere delivered; by P.' H.
Scullin, who" laid, and is setting on th©
egg;F. C. Wade, K.C., eminent lawyer - and political heeler, a priest or
two and two members- of the Trades"
Council, who,were In very good company indeed." It was stated early in
th©/meeting-that there would be no
learn and not to discuss. This rather annoyed the Socialists present, as
they are accustomed forgetting at' the
bottom of things' by questions and discussion. '   - -    -
Sad to relate, their feelings got th©
better of them and they felt called
upon to vociferate their displeasure at
tho remarks of th© speakers. TMb
wouldn't do at a peace meeting, of
course, so a pacific policeman was
called in. Ono of tho comrades, whose
questions wore especially impertinent,
being pertinent, was removed* Thereupon two-thlrdo of tho audience roso
up and left, leaving th© somnolent portion behiud in undisturbod peace. The
press report, states that one-third of
tho audience left. This is an error.
One-third was loft behind,
Wo don't Ilk© to tako Mr. Scullin
seriously, but would Just Inform him
that industrial peace will como whon
workors no longor obey laws mado by
lawyers, • when prlostly ghost-stories
aro no longor swallowed for truth,
whon ncpltnl no longor milks labor of
Its product, when, in Bhort, Labor doos
itn own thinking and manages its own
affairs.—Wostern Clarion,
Fully Equipped Station to be Established at Blairmore, the First Gov*
ernment 8tatlon In Canada to Train
Rescue Corps for Mines.
Tho provincial govomment will establish, a mlno roscuo station in the
Crow's NoHtPass district. Tho station will bo located nt ninlrmoro and
cue-half tho cost of Its construcilon
nnd eqiilpmont will lio bomo by tho
mlno operators of tho Crow's Nost.
Tho stntlon will bo fully equipped
with llio most modern mlno roscuo apparatus and will bo In operation by
.lanuary 1st, 1912,
A mini will bo placed In charge of
tho station, whoso duty It will bo to
I...!.. .u,H.,lci.. «;;-. t! f'."e for ?n*h
of the Tnlnrn. Two or throo wich
corpB will bo trained for each mlno.
At tho central station tho apparatus
carried by rescuorn In entering tho
danger zone of a mlno accldont will bo
rVn«»r,i  ,VHJ.  AyyiMvf,  i|f r\  TlWftntirP ot
from 1,800 pound to 2,00 pounds ipor
Rquaro Inch.    Ten two-hour apparatus and five one-hoi)r apparatus will
tint provided.     Tho oxygen will be
jstorod In cylinder* hnvln^ a capacity
jof 100 cubic feet and from theso cylinders lho oxygen will bo dischargnd
Into the small cylinders of the apparatus.
Tho Alberta government Is tho first
In Canada to tak* steps to provide
mine rescue equipment. In Ilritlsh
Columbia the- tntnM are compelled by
law to provide it. In Nova Scotia
some of tho big ailacs hare been egjilp*
ped by tho operator*. Tho work of
Intuilintc tl* apparatus will bo supervised by John Sterling, Inspector of
New Operations Develop
Immense 7Dejpi*slts/
Good for" Ages
Mr, Janj,es McEvoy, of Toronto, for:
merly. a member of the Domnlton'Geological Survey, and later chief engineer of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal
"Company, returned recently from the
coal locations of the Western Development . Companly, Ltd., at th© headwaters of the western branch of th©
Skeena River, 134' miles north of
Hazelton. H© directed extensive development work there during the past
season1., Th© locations were made in
1903 by Mr. McEvoy, -who with Montreal and Toronto capitalists is interested in the proposition which he
regards as having great possibilities.
■' "A number of seams of workable
smokeless coal varying from. 81 to 83
per cent, in fixed, carbon and well
adapted ifor domestic, and steaming
purposes were opened up   this "year
which has been surveyed arid plans
are being prepared.s The wonderfully,
rich mining country, gold; silver, lead
arid, copper;,together, with the largest
anthracite deposits- on' ,the continent
and .large areas, of" agricultural and
fruit laTnds will ensure a large city. -
by means' of tunnels jind test pits. The
field is a large one and coal will be
available for centuries," said Mr. McEvoy. '     '  ) ■ •
"Samples show, the coal to run less
than" 6 per cent in ash. The coal
measures have been traced across the
divide into the Stikine River Valley,
where locations-were made this summer by other parties., W© own sixteen claims eh. bloc. In our immediate'
vicinity th© B. C. Anthracite Coal Co.
of "Victoria has forty-seven and the
B. C .Syndicate of Quebec has forty-
nine claims. They too have coal of
the same character. There is a writer
grade-all the way to Hazelton, from
which no doubt a railway will he extended.' The coal field is so vast that
I would not car© to indicate its size
because' people might -think I was
over-sfating_the "facts"" ' - ^"yr ;-~—
. Mr. McEvoy was a member of th©
Geological Survey for Bixteen years.
Hazelton is'one of th© best known
and oldest towns ln British Columlba.
Th© old town has enjoyed great prosperity on account of its strategic location as a supply point, but unfortunately the location is across the river
from th© railway. The mechants and
business houses ar© preparing to'move
to the new Grand Trunk Pacific town-
sit© at South Hazelton, at tho junction
ot the Skeena and Bulkloy Rivers,
'As yet, .to th© 'average bourgeois
mind, Socialism is merely a menace,
vague and; formless. r The . average
.member of the capitalist class, when
hedlscufsses Socialism',, is condemned
an ignoramus out of his own mouth.
Ho does not know the,,,literature of
Socialism,,its philosophy, nor jts'politics. He wags his head sagely and
rattles the dry bones of dead and burled ideas. His lips nuimble mouldy
phrases, such as "Men are not born
equal and never can be," "It is a Utopian and . Impossible," "Abstinence
should be rewarded," "Co-operatlv© colonies have always failed," etc. The
capitalist must, learn' first, and for
always, that Socialism is based, not
upon the equality, but upon the in-;
equality of men. Next, he must learri
that no new birth into spiritual purity
is necessary before Socialism becomes
possible. , H© must learn that Social-,
ism ideals' with what is, not with what
ought to' be.' and-that °the material
with ^hich it, deals is the "clay of
tho common road," .the warm," human,
fallible .and"frail,' sordid and petty,
absurd and contradictory, even grotes
que, aha yet withal shot through with ■'<
flashes and^ glimmerings of isomething y
finerand God-like, with her© and there ^
sweet riess  of" service and unselfish-
ness,- desires for "goodness," for\enu: ";
ncialion and'sacrifec©,' and with con-,
science, stem and awful, at times blaz-'
ingly imperious; demanding the'right—""'"'
th© right, nothing more .or less than
the',, rightyjack London's Preface to'S
'The War-of the. Classes."   .''..' ,;■ '
' According "to an-exchange" "All social barrier's wer&;swept away wi'h the
water,pipes this-week ln Seattle..   -
Everybody is. in the swim.
■, It is likely that "after the" swimming
'.a of«r the barriers will be raise!.
Trade Marks
Designs :
Copyrights Ac.
.- Anyoca tending a iketota md description ma;
HUlcklT uoertaln our opinion free whether, an
luTentlon la probably pat«nUb1«._Coromunlca>>
UoMMrlctlyronndentUi HANDBOOK on Pateota
sent t raa. Oldcat asencr.for lecnhps patents.
jPatanta taken throoab. tlunn It Co. reoolVS
' ipeciatMM^ .without «baiKO,ln the  , ,,
Sdtininc mam.
i.ka>Saoaiely Ulaitmted,weekly.- Largest OM-
oslaMoa of any adentlflo Journal, Terms tor
.Oanada. KS.7S a year, pontage prepaid.   Bold by .
01 newsdealers.* ,r .
Sran&OCSoe.&} 9 8U Washington. D.C. ■
Imperial Baiifc of Caiiada
' \l'«        ,7" HEAD OFFICE, T0R0NT0,7 '...'•''
Capital Subscribed ..   .6,000,000      Capital  Paid Up  .....   5,996,900
' Reserve Fund '..'...       5,996,900       Total Assets ..,      72,000,000
-D. R. WILKIE, President.        HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden; Kamloope, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
' Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.   . ■ .   .     ,
SAVINGS. DEPARTMENT        .'-.-,,
'"    IMerest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
.'FERNIE BRANCH   ,     •/. . GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
'" 1
i- i.
',1s now occupying a great'deal of
'~   "Attention;—It"sTa-good:thingi—y
. • is getting so scarce that some.,
dealers do not have any at all.
We have plenty, however." Wo
make a speciality of handling
only high-grade, stuff, .which,
- wise dealers will toll you, i is
really the" cheapest. -,"
Buy ers' Gu ide
0                                                                       ii
Spend   Your Money  with   These
General Merchants
Trltes-Wood Co.
Crows Nest Trading Co.
Philip Carosella
Weber's 8tore, Ltd,
Your Bank Acct.  .
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Home Bank
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy A Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.
"41" Market Co.
,   Calgary Cattle Co.
Billiards and Pool
W, Ingram, Club Cigar Store-
Fernie Dairy
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co.
P. Carosella.
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel'
,    King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel.
Royal Hotel,
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Coleman
Royal Hotel, Nelson
How to travel
Over the Great Northern
' Over the C. P. R.
i                                           '
L.  E. McDonald.
When you're dry
Mult fcxua
C. E. Lyons
M. A. Kastner
Joe Grafton
Livery & Cartage
Oeerge Barton
J. D. Quail
Trite* Www!
J. M. Agnew 4 Co.» llko.
. Dr. Barber
Ross, McDonald and Lane
Eckstein A MoTaggart
Laws 4 Fisher
Sewing Machines
Wm. Barton
.♦      **
i ♦
vgBj SiteF-'
ai -•'
1    it-
'     ' .*--'     «'*    v.'-1'-    ' .v..'*'
Miners and the Minimum Wage-
Men s Demands and the
7    y  y Boards' Demands   V    V;
'.--     An important meeting of the, Coal
,'   '.Conciliation Board;-for-th© federated
;. .districts of England and North Wales
.    was held "at ■ the. Westminster Palace
Hotel, London, recently, to consider
the question of a minimum'wage, for
-"".' coal'hewers'" working under contract at
.'- '_tonnage rates.      Th© Importance'of
",,". the meeting lay In its-influence upon
'  ,the decision of th© national conference
which is to, meet on Tuesday morn-
- ing to determine the action of the
, miners upon th© minimum wage question.     It'.was' known- when the!'par
-ties assembled,that there was ho i'n-
tontion' of arriving-at-'any. definite
agreement, but that it'- was''a' preliminary meeting intended to-allow each
"':, of the parties to definitely state their
attitude towards the'-men's proposals
to th© national conferences next week.
,  Yesterday's conference followed sec-
. tional meetings in each- of the districts
included In. the■ Conciliation Board
area, so that" the attitude of th© owner's towards the.mien's proposals was
- fairly well known "to the. parties." At
• the7various. county meetings .which
,-'   have been held the owners ihaye de-
, clined to agree to the principle of
payment of a fixed minimum wag© for
.'   'every, man working at-contract rate^
', Irrespective of his disposition or ability, to' earn It;' but in each dlstrct the
owners had expressed their willingness
■:,to meet th© men by setting up'inac-
. Tlilnery to investigate 7all   cases,   in
which workmen complained, that they
had been unable to earn the average
1   wage by reason of faults in-the coal
seam or other causes for which the
-   .workman was not responsible'.!
CoaloWners' Admission .
" '  The owners have admitted that the
workman* who failed to'earn, wages
from  these causes had  a" grieva&M
■which they were prepared of remedy,
.    and they havo offered,, to set up for
'' the various collieries committees composed, of an equal number of repre-
7*. sentatives of/the employers and the
workmen." to    investigate such com-
■ , plahi^ withjnindependent umpire .iii
.    the' event of the" committee failing^ to
■  .vote to bo binding on' both "parties.
The owners' proposals practically meet
-the original proposals of the.'menf-
,  th© payment of th© average walge.for
work done in abnormal places., ! "
Mr. Alfred Hewlett, chairman, presided, and Mi\ 'Enoch Edwards, M.P.,
.was In th© yice-chalr.    The coalown-
' ©rs' representatives present Included
, Messrs.. R.  Pilkington  and H.  Falr-
'-. clough, Lancashire;  P. J. Jones and
Crawshaw, Yorkshire;  A. G. Barnes,
"* Derbyshire and "Notts; Captain Harri-
; son, "Cannock Chaso; H. Dennis1 and
R. Rlgby, with Sir Thomas. Ratcllffo
.   Ellis, secretary. * Th© men's ropreson-
' tntlvos- woro' Messrs. J. Wadsworth,
M.P., H. Smith and J.„Hoskln, York-
shlro; S. WoIbIi, M.P., "and J. PUklng-
ton, Lancashire; ,T. Haslam, M.P., and
W. E. Hnrvoy M.P., Dorbyshiro;  A.
Stanley, M.P., Cannock Chaso;'   W.
Johnson, M.P., Warwickshire;    Levi
Lovott, Leicestershire;    ID.   Hughes.
North Wnlos, and T, Ashton, secretary,
At tho opening of tho conference,
Mr. E. Edwards, M.P., put tho men's
enso for a fixed minimum wnga.   Ho
impressed upon tho coalownofs tho ab
- eoluto nocos8lty of Bocurlng to every
workman omployod Ih tho pit a proper
wjiro for his work. It .was no good
nny of tho parlloa lulling thomsolvos
Into a sonso of falso socurlty. This
domand for n day's wages whon a day's
work had boon done had to bo mot by
tho conl trado,,
Tlio statomont of tho Presldont of
the Miners' (^Federation was • followed
by, a number , of separate'• meetings
of the parties, the owners conferring
together'as to the extent to,which it
was,possible to meet the demands cf
the men. After'protracted'negotiations an agreement was arrived at
which will have a mostimportant bearing upon next week's national' conference in London, as it has been definitely agreed that the negotiations on
the question of a minimum wage shall
be continued and a further conference
held on 6 December.
Reply of the Masters'
• The,.official report of th© meeting,
presented by the" joint secretaries (Sir
Thomas' Ratcllffe Ellis and Mr. Thos.
Ashton) was as follows: ■>
-. The following- reply was given on
behalf of hte coalowners1 to certain
proposals which had been submitted
for their, consideration by the representatives, of. the men,    ,       ,•   '
"The amended proposal for a minimum .wage for coal getters which
you have placed before us "has had
our careful consideration. • Whilst,we
could recommend the adoption of the
principle of,a minimum wage;/the
matter is beyond our powers to decide
today. • We propose to take it to our
districts, ami suggest an 'adjournment
tb 6 December for that purpose. Tin
the meantime the negotiations with
regard to abnormal places and boys
and datallers' wages shall • contlnuo in
the various districts."   ,
The obvious advantage of the course taken is that it gives further time
for,negotiations'with a view to a settlement -"of a difficult problem, and
goes far to„ lessen the'danger of a
strike. " The men's representatives
were gratified at the" reception which
their proposals had met from the coal
owners.       '        7       ■■'-''
"We have gone further - towards a
settlement than I liad expected,'.' was
th© comment of one of the men's lead-'
ers,"and another remarked, "We are
approaching a settlement of, this question. It is, too big a question, to have
settled at one meeting. • It-may tak©
dent, Nov. 11. '        -',;""'
er who subscribes to a labor,paper Is
availed of news of the economic and
political activities of toilers the".world
over;. this knowledge is power. ,7 •
Through it he can keep'in. step "with
the rational forward movements.' of
his fellows, instead of straggling along
at his own gait. 7 A stronger labor
press will make unnecessary many of
the contributions toward, defence and
strikes which trade unionists'are'now
compelled to pay. • Better results can
be obtained'with-less disturbance! The
resultant improved education ' among
workingmen will inaugurate a happier
lot of thoso,who perform the world's
toil. ■" •-;-.'
' The" following, comment on the unity
of labor and support necessary for the
success of" any labor.journal we. clip
from the'B';'c .Federationist of, last
week's issu©.'; It waB written, by .Ed.
Stephenson, Toronto.    '    • '
Co-operation implies common know-
lodge,of a specific objective. Without
it'nothing can be accomplished. Th©
highest and most sensible kind of cooperation among working men is that
exemplified by the" labor press. Th©
old adage, "Prevention ls better than
euro," is particularly applicable -to
trad© unionism, as ls Been ln many
ways. For Instance, a consistent patronage of union labor goods would
eliminate tho necessity for ' nearly
ovory strlko and ushor In many bene-
flclont improvements in society, which
now wo mako slow progross with. It
ls much tho samo with the labor press.
Lot workingmen glvo to Jt tho 'support
which It dOBorvos and it will at onco
gain enormous powor and prestige In'
tho Interests of tho workors, making
possible tho most radical proposals of
labor. Its shortcomings will rapidly
disappear nnd tho strohgor It bocomos
tho moro rosponslvo mtist it bo to tho
sentiments of progressive workingmon.
Two conts a wook will buy a weekly
labor paper, Tho amount is Inslgnifl-
cant to any workor, but tho direct nnd
Indirect bonoflts.of that simple regular
purchaso nro numlurloss.    Tho work-
Home Baking,
Better every way
than ihe ready
made foods
. Are you one of the hundreds^ who
have wrtten to The Globe.for a copy
of "Daddy's Girl"? This Is probably
without a single exception" the most
popular picture ever . published in
Canada.      ■ - ■'
» A few years ago The Christmas
Globe publishel a limited number of
them. The demand was so great that
every copy was ordered before it was
put on th© market. ,
A" sample copy of this picture,- which
is from a photograph of a child 'with
tne sweetest, and most expressive face
that can, be imagined, may be seen
at this office. '   ,
To see it is tb want it.
' This picture will be given free with
each new subscription or renewal sent
in fo' , Weekly Globe and Canada
Farmer before December 31,»lall. ■
. member the edition of this picture,is'limited,' and the first come the
first served.       7, :"""    •
The Weekly. Giobe ' and Canada
Farmer haS.been enlarged,-the staff
of writers, ihcreasel, and many new,
features have been added. Those improvements are in keeping with th©
progressive management,"* that has
made the Dally Globe one of the first
half-dozen- newspapers on" the • continent. .The.Weekly Globe and.Canada Farmer, with its Illustrated Magazine Section, has always held a foremost place among th© metropolitan
weeklies in' Canada. It will now be
classed with the best bn the continent.
When the Uustrated Magazine Section,'with its forty-or-fifty pictures
of current events every week, is taken
into account, it is1 certainly a lot of
reading to be given for only one dol-
iar,-per~year.        ■ ',.'*-      - ■  ■, -
quite a number of combats with fierce
editors in their sanctums.
''Och, you'll pe on th' paperie; and
puts in all that tam't nonsense," quotie
the shoemaker. '    ,,
' "John Tamsbn," thundered the landlord, "If you will not pe hold/n'Vour
blitherin' tongue you will pe sent "away
home."   ~ ' ,   , ,  "
This admonition settled John- Tam-
son, and he relapsed into moody siK
enee, . Glasses havfcig been replenished, I proceeded to plead for the
mighty "We," and the "meeting came
to the unanimous conclusion that the
folk who " wrote to "paperies" were
not so hard-hearted monsters after all.
But time' slipped on, and guid wives
were waiting at\home, no doubt nursing their wrath to keep it warm!
I came away with.the schoolmaster,
and under the stars we chatted together. Somehow or other,the talk turned upon sport, and. the quiet, 'easygoing teacher of the youthful High-
landers was more than surprised when
I impressed him with the great popularity of football. „
"D'ye tell ,me that forty thousand
fouk gang and seet gem? Losh, that's
mair than a" the'fouk in the glens put
thegither!"     :
I assured hlda of the absolute correctness of, my estimate, and added
that hundreds,of..pounds were spent
on a Saturday afternoon in" witnessing the games. ■ I also informed him
that I was a football referee, and sqm©
times travelled a hundred miles in a
day- to attend a match.
"It's won'erfu'.. But w© play    the
Amusing Experiences in Scottish Highlands—I Referee a Football Match
In the Glen
(By D.,W. Growar, Arbroath, Scotland)
I am on holiday; up among the everlasting hills; idling away the fleeting
moments without a single care.
My neighbors retire to rest at sunset; tho peaceful hamlet nestling ln
the hollow is wrapped lu a silence
which is passing restful after the
hurly-burly of town llfo. But there
Is iv quiet hostelry whoro tho men of
tho clnchan meot whon tho dny's duty
Is,done. It Is a sort of parliament of
man-federation of quiet-living mortals
who settle th© questions which aro
throbbing tho hearts of nations. '
Guided by' tho light which streamed
from tho window, I ontorod, and accepting tho Invitation of tho shoomak-
or.'jolnod tho conclave.
- It was a quaint gathering. ( Tho
stono-brcakor, an authority upon weather and crops; tho shoomnkor, who
was tho ruling spirit, and'whoso voice
horo great weight upon political affairs; thoro was tho landlord of tho
Inn, who saw to tho comfort of us nil,
and throw ln nn occasional word upon
th© emigration to Canada question,
and tho robbing of Scotland of hor
Tho boRt of all, howovor, was tho
Domlnio. Tho children of the glen
cannot bo cablnpd nnd confined within
tho BfhooMiotiBo walls when tho glor-
Ioub sun stroatns down upon tho pur-
plo hoathor nnd waving brnckon, Thoy
aro out hording tho caltlo and sheep,
or assisting In tho" flold, thoroforo tho
Domlnio was engaged upon his long
"Ian Maclaron's" Domslo was recall*
od to my mind, tho only dlfferonao bolng thnt ho hnd greater conceit of
his own powers thon tho Drumtochty
Thoro woro several lessor lights
who did not say much, but who showed
profound admiration for tho wisdom
of tho local Solomon. Undor tho Influence of somo Qlon brand—roal
"pook rook." tho landlord Informod mo
—tongues wagged fast and faster, and
the company Rot "nnro" rmiw.
Wo supported Lloyd Oconto's lnsur.
unco schomo; wo soivt forth tho flat
that war must not bo waged against
tho aortnans. The Domlnio quoted
Latin with a Highland accent to om-
phaslio his arguments. I mndo my-
sou his friend for llfo by calling him
"my learned friend." at every ponderous Latin phrase rolled out ho scanned my, face to soo admiration and
wonderment writ largo. Remlnlscon-
cea were told, each with a strong claim
fo truth. At leugth. It scem*U as
every reasonable subject on the face
of tho earth had boon dUcusued.
"U you'll p« eicusln' my Jnpertln-
•nee, perhape you'll tell ns all fat
you wilt pe dolnV
f Informed them that I had preten-
•low to journalism, and based ray
claim uftoa Uu» fatt that 1 nadhadi
game—that's the .lads roun' aboot—
and maybe you'll be comin 'to referee
-We both bade each other good night
and I promised to attend on the mor-'
row, and see "the lads"' play!
It- was on© of the rustic fights that
the early apostles of the' game played.
Big. boulders served as goalposts, and
the laws of th© game had been made
to suit, the' "lads." I endeavored to
teach them the up-to-date methods,
but it was hopeless. On© fellow, of
about 40 — a six-footer with a pair
of "tackety" foots as long as a crow-
bar—made a,fierce rush at another,
and I awarded a free kick.' ">
"Losh,- man," th© player attacked remarked to.'me, picking himself up "as
quickly as possible, and giving the
sore' part a rub or two; "lash; man,
that's no'"worth heedin'; I'll ha'e a dab
at Mm later- on, just to balance
,' The off-side rule had no bearing,
'.on the^'game'. . The ball.had been of
the'regulatlon-type, but the bladder
had' burst in some - by-gone, struggle,
aiid the cas© was stuffed with'hay and"
cotton waste as full as an egg. The
players were big, stalwarts,' fed on
porridge and braxy, and their muscles-
stood out like whipcords. There was
no .combination attempted, tlie union-
is-strength policy being. disregarded.
To my mind it seemed'.as if each man'
had received instructions to get the
better bf his opponent,' "by fair means
or foul." There were fierce kicks
and fiercer rushes, and gleams of satisfaction- lit up their faces when they
.bowled over'an opponent. There was
something about' th© game that was
novel after; ..the scientific', displays
served up in the cities.1'
"What thocht ye o' that game?"
queried the Dominie at the finish.
I was. forced to admit that it was
glorious, and just the thing for'the
men of the glen tb fit them for the
sterner battle. , y ■ '    •
We discussed sport again in, the cool
bar parlor in the evening, and I gave
them several hair-raising stories of
great matches played before- many
thousands of spectators, and of famous
men I had met.
"Then you'll pe an autherlty on the
game?" my friend the Dominie .queried.
"Well," I replied, "I have'made It
my business to study the' game. A
referee requires' some nerve-to rule
a game betweens two leading teams
before a critical crowd of several
thousand excited spectators."
--'"Lo'd, man," broke in the shoemaker, "It'll pe a wonderfu' sicht."
I returned to my. home (Arbroath)
in the Lowlands of Scotland the following day, after having spent one bf the
best holidays "I had yet enjoyed."
In my all too brief stay in th© Highlands I studied the young man at work
in the fields and could not but wonder
why Scotland allowed such "honest,
dainty chiels",.to lay down the plough
and' leave her shore for other lands
to give of their service.
Canada opened wide her gates to
admit of the cream of Scotia's sons
and daughters, and" the Dominie has
now dangerous rivals in'Australia and
Now?Zealand. I have myself studied
the question and have still the opinion
that Canada is THE land for the man
who is' willing 'to work.
I myself at an early date will bid
farewell to the land of my birth and
have a "taste" of British Columbia."
me HOME gw*
* * "■"->"-'{
■"■ M 7vl
/ //"y'-y!
•'■ 7t/..„'l
1 -.... 5
■ Notico is hereby given that a Dividend •
'   at the rate of SIX PER CENT, per annum
\ upon the paid up Capital Stock of The
Home Bank of Canada has been declared
, for the THREE MONTHS ending 30th of-
- November, 1911, and:the same will be payable at' its Head Oifico and Branches on
and after Friday, 1st December next,'       ,   ..
>7    '*, The Transfer Books will be closed from
the 10th to tho 30th,November, 1911, both,
days inclusive.
By order,, of tho Board,
,   - JAMES MASON,  --   ,
Toronto, octobwasm. mi. ^ General Manager.
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager. " Fernie Branch
Whether the Dominion Parliament
in passing the industrial disputes act
exceeded, the ipowers conferred upon
it, is the question which the superior
court wlll'b© called upon to decide in
the near future, as a result of a judgment rendered by Justice Charbonn-
©au, October 27, in Montreal, and ordering th© Issue of a writ of prohibition
against th© board of conciliation appointed to'deal with a'dispute between tho Montreal street railway and
a few of its ex-employees.   "
Tli© company, which was potitloncr
for the issue of the writ, maintained
that thoro .was no reason for the govomment to appoint a board of conciliation under tho industrial disputes act,
as tho alleged difficulty wai fully
covered under the clause dealing with
railway disputes, in tho conciliation
arid labor act,
Further moro, tlio company attnclcod
tho constitutionality of tho'Industrial
disputes net, declaring that the Dominion Parliament had overstepped
tho bounds of Its jurisdiction In passing such an enactment. Tlio net
dealt with matters coming under tho
oxoluslvo jurisdiction of tho provincial
authorities nnd tho parliament in passing it hnd oxcooded tho powers conferr
od upon It by tho BrltlBh North American act.
Justlco Charbonncnu, whllo refraining from passing judgment on' tho
merits of tho contentions advanced by
tho company doolnrations, mild that
tho objections rnlsed wero of , such
wolghty Import that a.dolay should bo
granted until tueh time aa the court!
might be afforded an opportunity to
pan upon them.
Accordingly ho ordorod tho I«huo of
a writ of prohibition, tho effect of
which will bo thai nil proceedings on,
tho part of tho board ot conciliation
and Invoutlgatlon will bo hold up pond
ing further developments.
Tho trouble atnrtod when .10 employees woro dlmnlBHCd uomo montliB
ngo, nnd claimed that tho solo cause
for tholr dismissal waa tho fact thoy
prnposod joining n lnbor union which
vrtiH nt. that tlmo bolng orgnnlupd In
tholr ranks by officers of tho Inter-
«lll.-nl    M|„,, I    T*„M„.< ..   T*. t tt
.<,..>>,.....    ^.tfcV.    •• ,.j      W ...V»..        4JU.U.
tltnn ITArnld T.nhor X>tif,o,
This to tho first doflnlto Indication
of ft doBlro among Homo Canadian om*
ployora to Import nhyator Yankee "poll
tics" Into tho Dominion.   Unltod fltat-
nnd handicapped In tholr efforts to secure prognwalvo loglilatlon hy tho
courts declaring many favorable laws
unconatltuUonal. This kind of war-
faro upon organised labor, through a
corrupt or biased judiciary, can only
bo challenged hy an overwhelming
public sentiment; and whllo th« courts
aro moro and moro bringing dlareputo
upon thomaelvos ,th« h*r«dlUry i»w»
of k«al tribunals held by the mass
of tho people Is hard to uproot. Tho
big capitalists of that country clearly
sMthat the judiciary Is their last
and beat formication Against demo
cracy,- and all' their enormous' influence—most of it woven into th© very
fabric'of the nation—is used to bolster .up a!, discredited judicial system
that has arrogated to itself power never Intended to be conferred.
Th© issue represented In the action
of.th© Montreal Street Railway Co., in
challenging the legality of laws passed by' the representatives of th© people in parliament, is derogatory and
contrary to to© fundamental idoals and
customs of-Brltish govornmorit. For
centuries, th© mother of parliaments
has been th© supremo and unchalleng-
ablo tribunal of popular rights.' Time
has simply strengthened this conception, through which Britain has bocomo tho world's model in „ government .fust if.ccn "y a. bran!:!i of
tho vory government itsolf disputed
tho prorogatlvos of tho pcoplo's direct
ropvoHontntlvofl, with tho result that
tho august Lords hnd tholr faces slapped and some of their hereditary privileges curtailed.
Every corner of tho British Emplro
has held steadfastly to this ideal.
Somo of tlio dominions and colonies havo ovon far outstripped tho old
country In making tho Judiciary am-
onablo to tho volco of' tlio pooplo as
oxprofisod through tho doctoral uys-
torn of govornmont.
, In all parts of tlio world pooplo aro
clamoring for now powers of nolf-
government, and using in many cases
sanguinary methods to obtnln thorn.
Nowhoro Is tho populace Hiirrondorlng
rights In tho world already won. .
Aro wo In Cnnndn, then, going to
allow an Insidious Invasion of popular
govomment? Is n franchise-holding
concorn dependent nominally upon
lho olUzonB of ono city for its prlvl-
logos and. Its vory oxlHtonco, to ho
nllowod to upset ft law of tho people
of Canada by omploylng an entangle
mont of logal vorblnuo?
No! Wo think not. Tills In 1011,
n yonr whon many parts of tho world
aro energetically moving forward, n
yonr that noe» Oanndn nlroady hnliln.l
many other countrlon In progroBKlvo
legislation.   Our workingmon will not
hr>*  nlrtnr*    \r\    ^.•..fn.-'.   "TT^-rt.,    . rp    ii  .
luv" tr» hlrf'd enrpornMon Inwvm
who now exorcise tho prlvllogo of Kfirh-
ling It nlmost beyond recognition for
those whom thoy servo.
Wo havo not written the nbovo 11
      ••»   >-   '•»   I-"   "i-j...
ii. |,If we were to express an opinion
It would bo to say thnt a study of tlio
operation of tho act k>ftdn to tho con-
di'i Ion that there la quite enough 0|»-
portunlty for lawyers to flddlo with
the demands ef worktnirmen before
tho boards of conciliation, In their
own iveeullar way, without lottlnjr them
toar up tbe statute Itself. If the
people want It repealed, the people's
psrliament will repeal it. No Judge
will be allowM to throw It out by the
backdoor, Yankee fashion, by declaring It unconstitutional.—The Une*.
,'v '
. 1
•; }
y n
Capital Paid Up,, ..'.....:$ 2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits 3,250,000
Total Assets ...-...''........ 40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton has made
saving simple—by eliminatln gall unnecessary Bank formality.
An account may be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act,as,an incentive to
. steady-saving and will quickly grow
to a sum worth while.
Head Office:
- 'I
-jl   -»-4>l
Fronting the lake and surrounded by improved property. A few tracts still
available at exceptionally
low prices. Satisfaction
assured.    Cash talks.
--'- ^ ~f*
-.,   .-\«?
.', '' - ^
*■ yy.
.'■ ^ '"7*
.- J    ■   i':>:
,-> j
Joe Grafton
Fernie,      -       B. C.
Ciuindn |r now third among tho oat
Krowlng countries of tho world. UuhhIii
loads with 8015,000,000 bushels, tin*
L'n'lod Stntos is second -with 702,000.-
000. Canada's crop thlH year Is ostl.
mated at 308,000,000. Cnnndn stands
fifth among wheat-growing countries.
Fifty tlioiinnnd Coi'min motiil work-
ors struck on Novombor 20 to forestall
i.1.1. t^i/ikiiii ttciiun oi Uiu 11 c-lli|inj)<jr»
In Inrklnj; \lwni  out.      TH- dWulc
Is ovor wnRou.
St. John, N.H., September 18th, 1311
~My brother was a great sufferer
from kidney, atomarh and how*l Iron
Ilea and was given up by two doc'o.t.
ITe was advlsi'd fo try your Fig I'I'V
whlrh ho did, and after taking five
boxes wai completely restored " to
health and la better to-day than he has
been for yeara. You can't recommend
ft* Pills too bWlly.—J. W. Msnvert.
At all dealers. 26 and M renr* or
Tho Fig PHI Co, 8L Thomas, Ont.
C. P. R.
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario, Quebec &
Maritime Provinces
Tfi-k#t« IwuaI In nintiMlon with .Mlnntlo
HKmninhltrt will tn> on win from Nov. |f>tl>
lo Itafl. Slut lnrlii«lvo nnd limited lo rive
month* from ditto of U«uc,
Fin jjt witilnmerit, fiuiiiUnl Flr*i eimu snd
TourUl Hlwplnu Can.   Dining Caw
on «11 Uirmitrli train*
f'nmpHrtnionf, Mnrnri' fitwrvitlnn Ciron
"liii|iprl»l UuilUtd"
Deo. Uttoaiat Inclusive
Return limit S month*
Apply nwins.l C l». II. mont for tattiniUr*
or writ* IL O. Mr.VKILI.lt;,
Tlt-t. !Vi«jiig« Atsiul, i.V.l«u»iry v.MT'-.-.-si?.-
jcrv-. ,
' $£'
Published-every Saturday morning at its office,
Peliat Avenue,-Fernie, B. cl;. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An' excellent advertising
I medium. Largest circulation in the District... Ad-
rertising rates ou application.1 "Up-to-date facilities
for""the execution, of, all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive "special attention.
Address all communications to' The District Ledger.
: •   H. P. NERWICHi Editor.
Telephone No. 48.' Postoffice Box No. 380
EVERY workingman should own his home.., .
Pictures may be "drawn without any severe
"strain upon tlie imagination showing the honest,
hard-working son of toil sitting by his ain fireside
surrounded by his helpmeet and their chubby faced
youngsters.- , '
. • .Beautiful! .  Ideal!    Even picturesque!   .    '
• Employers of labor who are not entirely- devoid
of'sentiment should do everything to foster the
■home-building instinct, because it will exemplify
the truth "of the old proverb, 7'Cast your' bread
upon the waters'and you shall see it after many
Tlie individual wage-earner, occupying a dwelling which lie regards as his very own," even though
-. there may occasionally be a mortgage upon it, is
speaking 'generally • less likely to .kick oyer, the
traces than the irresponsible renter or boarding-
7 house occupant., ...
- Iri the event-of disputes arising the "agitator."
does not find so ready a field for the seeds of dissension among those in whom the cardinal virtue
of humility, is instilled by reason of. the ownership
of an "Englishman's castle." - --
.Philanthropically disposed corporation managers
" when times are slack and retrenchment is necessary, often express regret, that they are compelled
to decrease the working force, take especial pains
to,retain as-many married men with families as
possible. And yet there are some cynics who boldly assert that ..these men are "cormorants," "hirelings," 7'soulless and sordid," and sundry other
opprobrious epithets.'
Such language is ofttimes entirely uncalled for,
as human-nature is human nature whether it be in
peer or peasant, although' it "cannot1 be changed
- though manifestations may 'be modified by a difference of conditions. , 7'     '
"* rThc owiieT?ln^ofTh"mn^n5T"it^Iever so humbler
has in times of labor unrest about as great a'steady-
ing effect as a kedge anchor has wlien the tide is
turning. '.'
'■# A garden plot should surround the home, where
' vegetables can be raised,,and by so doing the cost
pf living materially reduced'; then, when business
conditions necessitate a reduction°of wages an incentive may be engenderedo to.- study intensive
truck farming, whereby the lessoned earnings may
, not be. so seriously .felt.' ~ "
Tliesc subjects should be of vital interest^ to all
employers of labor nnd ought to be most carefully
studied ns tliey are all dpsirous of "P.eacc"" and to
this end Ihcy should advocate most strenuously the
"Home Idea," combat any tendency to race suicide, thus propagating a spirit of submissivenoss
among thoir employees that the constantly rccur-
ing conflicts would bo considerably/ lessened and
thoir own material interests profit commonsuratoly.
• There is only ono slight drawback to 'tlie i:i}»-
gostion.s outlined, and that' is tho average yearly,
wago' does not leave sufficient margin whon tho
fixed expenses of a man, wife, and say four children have been acquitted. To overcome this tho
iiltm'iintivo may bo somewhat heroic, and llmt is,
nftor a worker lias paid say ten years rental for p.
iivdling pn.'Koiil, 11 ii ii willi u jti'id- claim Jtc-d tluu'e-
to nnd rolain a leasehold upon the lnnd upon which
it is,shunted, charging, of course, a nominal amount of sny, $1 per month. *
These ideas aro not copyrighted, nor do wo re-
ftovvi' nny Hglils'lliorotn. ponsorjuonlly any industrial or corporato institution mny mnko whnloviir
uso thoy soo fit without four of prosecution for
USTICE is an elastic quantity, dependable upon
.whether a strike be in progress or'concluded.
, If the former. condition prevail and'the accused
be a working man, more especially.a mineworker.
solicitude" for the United, Mine 'Workers of America
maybe the .factor that actuates the dispensers o®
"justice" to come to the relief J)f./the organization
in-their issuance of rations'by providing domiciliary-refuge for a "limited^ number "hinder 'governmental-patronage;-but, should "the resumption of
operations occur, then,, probably by a subconscious
realization that ".the punishment' fits the crim-^"
they decide that this.is more effectively accomplish-
edby-not placing any obstacles in the exemplification of the oft repeated "right to work'' theory.
Members' of the legal fraternity discant quiti
eloquently upon the inalienable "right", of an individual, to work when and Avherever he sees fit,
regardless of the fact that their own, actions are in
direct conflict with their arguments on the subject.
It is quite correct that the Lawyers' Union is
called a Bar Association, but this does not change
the principle one iota,. For instance,- no matter
how well qualified a barrister may'be, he may
have the sheepskin conferred upon him and the privileges of pleading in every other province save that
of British Columbia, but until he can show his
"union card" his ."right toiwork" ih any of the
cities of B. C; is a dead letter, and he is given a
practical lesson as to what constitutes a "closed
shop." 7    v ,.■      ■' .   7    •/  ' y
Very probably some of-the disciples of Coke and
Blackstone • may take umbrage at'the comparison,
alleging that their'actions are legalized by statute.
\Te acknowledge the truth of this statement-, but
'still- contend that this in nowise weakens the logic
of our argument," although it does furnish one item
for consideration, viz.—that ;the members of the,
legal profession,are alive to the.imp6rtance„of having laws upon tlie statute that are beneficial to
their interests, and if imitation be the sincerest
form of flattery then the workers might likewise
play the game according to the examples furnished.
The Lawyers'Union is'not the only professional
union by any means. . The,"closed shop" principle-
obtains with the doctors with' equal force.   -'
To quote a, concrete instance: ',,   .
We remember yearsago a doctor who had practised for years in the East, liad-jo'urneyed to Winnipeg and-practised for a short time there (of course,
having first complied"'with'',the requirements of
Manitoba) and then he located at an interior town
of British "Columbia.", As he-knew full well "the
ethics of the guild, and .would not be able to take
the necessary ",'"exahrination*>tb qualify for some
months subsequent to his arrival, because of "the
pession of-the-Medical ^Association; he called upon
TJ4 AHTCWJ'ITjTj io scissors nnd paste! T linvo
* vat'nleil lho editorial cliuir, but tho song of
tlio "Vacant Chair" In not opportune, for editors
may como ami editors may go but tho nows providing iiiHtinuU of lho pooplo must lie entered lo hv
To those who have borno with my effusions T extend hourly congratulations for lho forohenrniicj
diNplnyetl am! enn honestly iieluiowledgo tlml
lliougli my Nliortcoiiiiiigs may lie many T linvo done
my best to uphold,the interests of those on whose
licliiill' I liave labored, viz.—tho working elnsi of
District 18, IT. M. W. of A.
My relntions wllh the Executive Board ns well
i\r, with Ilie rank and flltj, Imvfi nt nil times bcii
Din most eoinreniiil. and smceivly trust that thuv
?n«,v font nine to be <'<|iuil]y mi with my sue.cewor.
In conclusion, I would urge upon wiry reader of
"Tlie District Ledger" to support the chosen orgnn
of his eliiHH ns the value of the printed word ns n
fi^hling weapon ennnot be m1w|Witoly estimated
and should always U; funiihhed willi tlie miihwh of
War if its efforts nro to bo intensified,
I now lay down the pen, but not,without a oor-
tain amount of reluctance, and extend to every
render of this pnpor my heartfelt "expressions of
good fellowship.
J, W. Bennett.
.hie /tnl Inarriiac? s-£ivr\lQino/-l +1in oUnn + i/\w rt-ii/] 4-linir.
j-j-iu — wviA^Mg ll-VrfkJj-^— V^.plUli.lVU.—"-U.HVy — OAUU.C* lUVJ-Ij—<lil\.L—1/IirjV"
gave "him their promise that tliey would not make
a complaint. He opened an" office and was building up a practice at a-.very tyapid* rate, which, of
course, had its corresponding effect upon the other
two practitioners.' This was too much for them,
and complaint was made, with tbe .result, that a
fine of .1*25 and costs was inflicted, aiid the principle of the "right to work" received a body blow.
There may be an "ethical" distinction between
tho "right to work" of'a professional gentleman
which is not applicable' to an ordinary working
man, However, this is merely statutory and not
fundamental, therefore, if the working class desire to change conditions the remedy is in their
own hands when they develop sense enough to display it, and that is Vote for-their OWN material
npIIE suddenness pf L/io collapse of tho"McN"
*• ninra trial ciune as a thunderbolt from tho
heavens, and to none wilh moro striking force thnn
to labor itself. So long as. the MeNamara's
proclaimed their innocence of the dastardly crime,
they were entitled to every support and consideration in their fight, for their lives, Labor mo'i
throughout the country were steadfast in their
'loyalty to brethren in distress, and justly so, for no
ono knows from bitter experience the methods nnd,
ways' of the oppressors ns they do. . Socialism,
however, docs iiot rely upon, tho attainment of its
goal by means of crime—not by tho bullet—but lo
the contrary, by peaceful nnd moro efficacious methods—tho bnllot. As all law-abiding cili.:cnn,
labor men, and Socialists, abhor crime nnd look
forward to tlio dny when tho necessity, or imngined
necessity, will bo done nwny with completely.
Whilst tho notions of .the McNnmarns* cannot
be excused, it can, nevertheless; bo oxplninod. And
hero, in justico to thorn, it must bo said that in
llio confession of .Tamos B. McNamnrn ho stntos
that thoro was no intention on his part of,sacrificing human life, and that tho wreck of tlio Times
building wns intended to lake plneo when work hnd
censed for the dny,
It is the natural outcome of capitalistic oppr'on-
sion that imbued those two mon, with tlio idea to
perpetrate the' crime.'1 True, such deeds can only
bo conceived in fanntienl minds, but hnd conditions
under which we live boon on a higher nnd move humanitarian level, the fnllneiouR iden of the necessity
for taking of human lifo to remedy an evil could
not exist. 'The two brothers in committing tlio
erimo of murder woro traitors to the cause which
tliey no doubt have so much at heart. By thoit
proclamations of innoconco thoy have not only
hoodwinked the general publio, but their vory leaders and confreres, This wns not a difficult
task to accomplish, for in no labor organization is
violence, not, even in self-defense, sanctioned or
countenanced. Now that tho truth hns been admitted by them no wonder that labor unions
throughout this vast continent, from tho Atlantic
to tho Pacific, arc clamoring that tho law should
tal.o its course, and that tlio brothers should pay
th« full penalty.
ygs,   'TORONTO-Ont.
"**"" *SEES3SE»^ ■£
llio District IrfjilKCt- nccoi)t«'no'resi)oii8i.
'Iiilttv for lho vl«\vri oxprcsscd by its corrcs-
potmunU. Coniiminlc-ntiuiitiwIU bo inserted
whether signed by tho real iminc of tho
•writer or n noin do plmiio, but tho writer's
lmmo nnd tultlross lauhl ba rIvcii to tho
Kdltorns evidence of ftood faith. In no caso
■will it bo dlvulucd without consent.      -•   <•
1 , . Ferrule, B. C„ Dec. G, 1911.
To tho Editor, District Ledger:
Dear Sir,—Wllf you pleaBe permit
me the use of your paper to reply to a
communication printed ln tlio Fernie'
Free Press of December 1st, and which
isvsigued^by "Welsh Miner."
On Nov. 37th I was granted,permission to ■> address a mass meeting of
Gladstone Local Union and explained
to them how'supplleshad been bought
and distributed to the members of the
local-unions since the 1st of May. I
also took Up the matter of prices charg
ed to them by 'the Co-operative Store
when goods ;were. issued from that
Store to the, members, of .Gladstone
Local' "Union, and explained as to how
we came to get the contract for supplying the members of the above Union.
Some, statements having been made
by one of our opposition tliat ■ our
pi-ices were,much'in excess of his, it
was my duty,, to show the men at that
meeting that our prices were the best
that could be obtained by tho District
Board, which body were'making the
arrangement for supplies, and owing to
our prices being, the best we got the
order.     ._      „      . . -    '
. I produced a list of forty-five articles
and prices sj)f same which were sent
to the District Board 'by our opposition
and put the prices1 charged by'our-1
selves'side by.; side with them-and
showed that, the .total tender of our opposition for; these goods'was' $20.11,
and that of ours was $19.18,' showing, a difference iii favor of the Co-op-
. Ai.nf f.rs\*_C*, A..**_~A_r\n_'.»-«J        ' 	
to try again and be a little more correct and 'also* give attention to size,
weight and quality.'..     7
- , Yours truly, , ''
This list of goods and prices can
be seen on the-files of Gladstone Local
Union by any member of that body.  '
In the Free Press-is a list of elgh-'
teen articles and the prices of same
said to be charged by, tho Crow's Nest
Trading Co. -and the Co-operative
Store."-,.'  •' ' -
I. want .to say that the list is incorrect and misleading;
Take .the first article on tho list-
Flour, 98 lb. sack: Crow's Nest $3.25;
Co-operative, $3.37%. ,,' We'sold flour
of the same quality as lho Crow's
Nest at $3.15 per 98 lb! sack, being a
difference In our favor of 10 cents.
Wo also"sold flour, theory best kind,"
a kind and quality (bearing the Union
Label) the Crow's'' Nest do not sell
at $3.37i/j..
Tako potatoes: Tho statement says
potatoes, per sack: Crow's Nest-$1.85;
Co-oporativo ■ Store, $2.50. Ho does
not say what slzo of siick. A sack
can go from! lb, to 300 lbs.., As woll
as a difference in the size, ami weight
of the sack there can be a. difference
in quality of the potatoes, as the portion wlio.wroto that prlco list ou«ht
to know,
' Lot mo ropont tho statement I made
to tho mombors of Glartstono Locnl
Union ro potatoes: Owing to tho
short notification wo had previous to
issuing supplies, after obtaining tlio
contract, wo woro unablo to got ln
from oulsldo polntu such things as
potatoes. 'Wo bought nil wo could
got,,from tlio WoBtorn "Canada Co.
Wc also did tlio samo from tlio Triton-
Wood Co., and ns a last, resort, wo wont
to tho A. Mncdoiinld Co, (Which place
sooniB to ub to bo tlie sumo iih tho
Crow's Nost Co,, If thoro Ib nny dlffor-
onco, porliapn the "Welsh Miner" will
flhow ub) and nuked for polntooH, Wo
woro Bliown wiiiio wo would not no
copt only on condition thnt thoy wero
to ho plekod ovor nnd tlio had oiiob
taken out. Wo bought thirty,nnck«,
2,700 Urn. nnd thoy oliavRort un 2Mo.
por lb., $2.25 por 100 lbs, Thuy wore
In 00 Ib. siickal Now, tho "WoIbIi
Minor,' nftor giving tlilalila eonaldma
tion, miiHt nilmlt thoro Is Hornothlng
rotten nbout tills transaction, for onw
could go in tho retail Btoro and buy
ono nnck of lunula at $1.8C, and u
wliolosnlo piii'chftBor," buylnjr 30 sacks
from tho wholesnlo houso was chancod
$2.2fi por nnck. Will the ""WoUh Mln-
or" toll ub wlmt ho thinks about thnt
Kl'lld Of UtlMillOBB,   .
Our friend Iuib listed soap (ant! n
little Is ntedoil aftor tlio above) Crow's
NobI .03 J.-3, Co-oporntlvo, ,04^, Lot
him tnko tho Grow'fl Nost Catalogue
Issued io tho District Hoard and li«
wll boo SunllRht nnd Lifebuoy sonp
listed nt .0,',, our prlco on thoso to
tho "District Tlonrd was M%
And nijnln, tnko wash powdort
Gold DiiBt, Crow'B Nost, .84; Co-operative, 22%
Kpias nnd hrd nnd sugar prlfos wc
ennnot tnko up ar the Crow's Nest did
not submit prices of those to tho District Hoard.
Van Iloutcn's Cocoa, por lb., Crow'a
Nost ll.Ofl; Cooporatlv* Store,' M,
'' Wo would nitvlflo tho "Welsh, MfMr"
•     Pernio, Dec. 7, 1911.
Dear Sir,—Some t weens ago I have
distinct recollection of having read in
that organ which claims to champion
tlie cause of. all union men and aim
at the dissemination of Jhe truth, an-
opinion of tho editor on the compensation question., This, by the way, was'
iii answer to a letter" which appeared
in the Ledger,' and was 'one of several
very ■ pertinent", questions, put to the
'editor of the Free" Press "by- Mr.'Jas.
Lancaster.. If my memory serves' me,
right, 'this sapient scribe replied that
compensation should be paid when the
employer was guilty of negligence, but
in the event of the negligence being
on the part of the workman,'"no employer, should" be penalized for finding'
a man employment"!
At the time of reading this remarkable and profoundly logical.(!) editorial opinion of what'a compensation act
should be andvhow it should be applied, I. must confess that I was not impressed to the extent I should have
been, arid It was not until reading last
week's Ledger and noting, the number
of accidents that this was recalled to
my mind.'
Remembering,. however,' how the
Free Press' has championed the, right-
to-work- principle on behalf of several
gentlemen, who have been • receiving
government patronage and attention,
and also recognizing among,, the. list
of injured an Italian whose name (un-
iess"T"am ^eryH^ctrTnistalrehyaiv
peared among tbe' list' of those who
had been . expelled from the1 union,
I naturally turned to that sheet expecting to find some.mention of these'
accidents." Tucked away at' the foot
of a column I found a six line par
mentioning two of the names of those
injured. And now, Mr. Union,Miner,'
please note: .There were SEVEN accidents, reported in the Ledger last
week, but so keen Is the .Press for
the welfare of the Union man and miner generally that he could only hear
of TWO, and could spare Just six lines
of space in his valuable paperl
Still moro remarkable,' howovor, is
the fact that about a coloum of space
could be found on tho front pne'e ln
nn attempt to show how the Co-operative . Store hnd overcharged the
miners, nnd a, comparison of prices
charged by thnt store and' tho offer
mado' by an opposition store whon contracts wero called for provisions last,
May, ABOVE this list of goods (which
no doubt had been supplied by tho
editor) apponrod a loiter signed "A
Welsh Miner" (I prcsumo ho Is n fifth-
sixth cousin <o "A Union Miner," or
possibly tho eamo Indvilunl),
All this only goes to show how
DB13P Is tho Intorost tnkon by tho
Froo Press in tho mlnoworkors' In-
terestH, for who ls-thoro that would
or could question hucIi beautiful dovo-
tion. Tho opposition firm doos not
aavorlls'o In hla journal and tlioroforb
tho editor could not hope to gnln anything by micli a froo "puff"! Tint
possibly thin Ib something thnt cnii
bo safoly loft to Miv.lnniOB Lancaster
to, doiil with.
Tlio editor An his answer to Mr.
LnnciiBter, somo six wwks or so ngo,
Hinted that tlio Froo Prosfl lind attempted to riilso a inomorlnl to tlio
victims of tho groat disaster nt Conl
Crook; evidently tlio only tlilnu thoy
siiacooiloil In "1'iiIhIhb" was tholr volco,
for ho fnr I hnvo fnllod to olmorvo
nny ovldonco In tho shnpo of n monii.
moilt or obolsk In tills neighborhood.
I should llko to aalc tlio editor of
tho Froo l'i'OBs a question or two nnont
his Idea of compensation. First, what
doos lio consldor constitutes nogll-
gouco ba tho part of tho employer?
Seaoml, wlmt doos ho consldor constitutes negllgonco on tho pnrt of tho
omployoo? Is ho nwnrn thnt thin Tin*
Iron arguod by ovory lognl luminary,
ut houio time or tho othor, In ovory
civilized country, and that thoy nro
»UH as fnr from agreeing as tlio sun
Is-from tlio 'onrtliT And thirdly, does
ho bollovo for ono moment thnt nny
wan wilfully courts Injury or rtonthV
Is thoro any ronson why ovory omploy.
or should not Insure agatnBt nceltlonts
Just ns ho does ngnlnst flro? An
nccld'ont enn always bo avoldml, but,
unfortunately, wo ennnot soo till* until ft!« too late, o'fhcrv/lsfi there would
be no occasion.for such'a-word in the
dictionary.'   ■"-•	
„As,the editor^has• delivered'himself
to test' bis knowledge1, of. what constitutes neglect on-1 the'part'-of an individual: Suppose," for instance;' the editor
is" employed as•-'a'" reporter,-and he
is. instructed -to -get a'repor tr of 'a- fire
or1 accident.' Being" young and "enthusiastic he approaches ..too near tothe*
scene ;of the' disaster; he\ docfe"-not'
do, this because he_likes.danger, but
his • paper wants' a "story", and he;,is
told to get one./'Well.'^he. gets'too
near, down V comes, ■ a-, .wall; . a brick
tries to' break itself' on. his 'cranium;'
result, the brick wins but and-he gets
a fractured skull and. concussion 'of,
the .brain (Hush! be still). Now,
who- is responsible in' this case? Of
course, the editor, if,he,indulges iri a
moment's" reflection' cannot • help be-;,
ing struck, not with a- brick'^but with
the-sophistry of his own argument or
theory, of what constitutes ^'negligence
on the part of the employee.!'
The mine worker is anxious to earn
all he can, arid is just- in. the same
position' as7 a ■ reporter or an editor—
he must- be there; and if the. "getting
there""entails a risk he. is .often-compelled to take it, no matter .bow great
may be the "danger to himself.'
' For my part, I fear it does not require the -Lick', telescope to' discover,
the amount of .sympathy* the Free
Press has for the the mineworker, except to see him atJWORK. If he has
a,good agreement, so much the better;
if he has. a "poor agreement, very unfortunate; but. If. he won't'.work and
ha's not,his-rilckle, or fifteen cents—
damn bad!" . To any agreement- he
would, piously exclaim, along with other' disinterested Individuals—"Dignum
et'justum.-'est!" ", "'.-,'* ' 7<
'   • -      Yours truly^   ".
"" \ 7'    --■-. -'    •--   'F: h. n.
Oake, representing Seibe, Gorman and' -
Company, of London,, England, makers
of the Fluess type > of "apparatus.   '   '*"
'■'• The - demonstration  was 7giveri ■■ on, ■",
behalf of the government of the pro-' -'■
vince-of,Alberta before the operators' '
of the*Crow's"Nest..Passj District,'-tthe-,'"-
officials of' District = 18,' and'- the mine  '.
-inspectors,; J; I. Sterling"' and Frank,
Aspinalf-7    '-■' -...'"- -" •    ,„,"    '   ■ ; .
^It' Is understood.that tbe Alberta go- ,•'
vernment, is going' to' instal; regardless t
of, co^t, .some' of- the "most, up-to-date-
rescue.-stations' on the  continent In
Alberta.. sIt'is'pr6bablesthat four sta-' v
tlorisVwill e'ventiiaily be'^bullf in: the-
province^ one in the Crow's Nest Pass.
pistricC-Lethridge, "> Canmore, 7and ;
Bankliead^ District, and Edmonton".    7,
:; Bach of these stations will cost from"- ,
six'to-seven thousand dollars. •  Con- ,
sidorable, tests    and   demonstrations _
have been" made during the last few
months' 'ot. the*' various.' apparatus in,
use, the,consensus.of opinions of min-.
ing men, of Alberta being strong la ■
favor of. adoptIng\the Fluess type of-'
mine rescue'apparatus.. Let us hope
that the British Columbia government '
will do likewise. ■ . ','"'■.,
-   , I am, yours truly, y   ■ ' ■■;■  - ■'"
- -':.    ".;'„'"' .--•       W. B.-POWELL
,7-7 J
" • * ,i *>yi
", >-
•t. ■ ,..
y  .    -Coleman,, Alta, 7
''     'v y     7 '.Dec. 5th, 1911.
.To the Editor, District Ledger:'
Dear Sir,—A rather-interesting .demonstration of mine rescue apparatus
was given on November 8 and i) at
the Sanatorium Hotel, Frank," by,,Mr.
Foul Air Suffocates Miners at Middles
boro Collieries—Victims Were
Making Airway,
yVANCOUVER;    B.C.,!.;Dec.'.   4.—A-'"
special from- Merrltt,'B\C.,''say3 threo,'
'men ver^"; killed in a' chuto of- No. 1 ■
level of No. 2 Mine"'of the Nicola ,Val-,.-;
ley Coal and Coke Co.'s'. Middlesbord"
properties on Sunday:   ..Tlieseare'Du- '
san Wurmirovitch, a Servian,,aged 25;
Robert Dishart, a Scotchman, aged 28;
and Alex. Thompson, aged il.
The' accident occurred' one hour after'the se'eond shift.'had' started .work".«
The bodies \vere7,found huddled around, •
the. fan. .Thompson's work was turn- -
ing the fan to -force out the' foul air.
The men were driving a. tunnel to make '
an air way. '  ';. '     •-., *
•'.. ,(
7- bl
, i
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LLD., D.C.L., President ,       "
s   „7,    N ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
^CAPITAL, - $10,000,000' REST, -   $8,000,000;
Every branch of The Canadian Bank of Commerce is equipped to issue "drafts oa-
the principal cities in the foHb wing countries without delay:   .-'.>'      - !.'  '
'Africa . . Crete   ;     '        , Greeca . New ZeaUa4     .   Siberia-v .-''-'.7 ■'-
Arabia,      -, Cuba.      ;    »•   '    .HoHa»l Norway >.-   •   Sou'daa;   ■    ,
'   Argentine Republic Denuurk Iceland \"'       " ' Pantoaa"' South Africa   "
■ Australia \.i Efypt . "    ';'   „. IndU ••       "■■    Penia     - v"°'< Spain'        \-'^   "-,"'
 Austna-HimfMjr—Faspe Itbads-7—rl.ela*|- —i—Fcm        .'        > »^Siralta Settionaiiif-*
Belp.um. .   . Ftnlaad -Italy   >-.   .', FhiUppine Uands   Sweden ," .
„ H'?1".    -       "   ■ E0™0"1 .) ■ Japan Portugal  ., . Switierlaad •
-     Bulgaria    -      .   . France      •  •        ' Ja-ra   ' Roumaaia „-, r,Turkey-   , . $.'    -.' »
. CcyUn  •     .   ,       Fr'ch Cochin China MaKa    . Ruwia     .*--     ,' United State*     "
Clula Germany \ Manchuria   ' Serria    :, . ." '-.    Urucuay 1-:
China Great Britain Mexico   .      ,. s   Siam    . >    Went Indian, ate" ■'
The amount of these drafts is stated in tbe money of the country where they are pay-  '
able j that is they are drawn in sterling, francs, marks, lire, kronen, florins, yen,
taels, roubles, etc., as the case may be.   This, ensures that the payee abroad wll
receive the actual amount intended. .., a233 7
FERNJE BRANCH       ' L. A. S. DACK,-Manager.
And Nothing but the Best in Fresh
and Smoked Meats,, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., go to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager PHONE 41
/    I
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Busir
ness and Residential property
Electric Restorer for Men
PhoSpllOIIOl»"?!?»»win n«rv« In Hit body
vita aw) v^isltty. r«m»tute (iix»y in ill ie»ual
w-Mkne«f7iv#ried at once.   ntoiuliMAl wl"
nul« you a q«w man,  Fries IS a Ik « nriwn fJw
rar Sato *t I9leaicf«ll'«  Drug 0lor«
Food Choppers
  " Ji
J. D. Quail
THE  "Universal"   Food
Chopper chops all kinds
of food, whether meat
or vepetableg—
raw or cooked
-as coarse
or tine as
entirely I
with the
olthe '
knife and
bowl.  .
Buy the genuine "Universal."
J I  7". y-^X.'l^l:^^ •  .        ","--"•*. " r-fff^S-wSlp^-v;-
i*;A -""'^^y?.f-\^}y-y Z''r' 7^'y:7-;> \''X*yV-. -• .'^/":'- "r^^"'.'-*" * "•'   '.-"' - •-^ --'V-y   ■ "•
:;:f-'. '". '■
. f
I v."
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--* --    .   .^   ."-.<-:..,".-.'      _,'   ■•■;. ".           •*"  .           '.-..'    .>..-"  ,   •,        .-; ..,":, „'.'-,    ■. -          •            ■•-....                        . ■    r                                               ,         -                                    .   -                 *
■ *"                                  .--...                          .     .                   ..... .
.. "?/
******* **********,"!
n****** ¥"» ¥ ¥ y y y* j^v^*^hm>-***»** » y »» ¥ *******
i^¥V¥ ¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥¥¥-¥¥¥»¥-¥•"«
t *^y y y"'
J Fernie; Dairy
rt ■-,
delivered ;• to all
parts of the town
Sanders & Verhaest  Brothers,
•>"   Proprietors -
|l '
:< QINGER    |
!":|--l3f'E WIN G    $
• -t
■ t
. •«
- jfoMfL**********?,************
Aerent   Fernie■ Branch
Pellatt    Ave.    North
Ear supplied with the best Wines,
yy '    Liquors and Cigars..,. ,
-e> <► <► <* ♦ *> ♦ ♦ ♦•♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
«.,"      -.'-   -."■ ; ..7«0
♦   7 '      MICHEL NEWS •    ."   ♦
•*•'-. "'■'.'"■"   y- .7". -.-.♦
<► ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦*♦♦'♦*♦ ♦.♦
Mr. George Fisher,- of New Michel,
has secured a contract from the Crow's
Nest Pass'Coal'Company taking out
prop timber.,       ,     .  t- ,
Two old friends, Joseph, Smith and
Thomas Gregory/ left' last week for
the, Edmonton country where they
have secured -work with Mr. James
Derbyshire, one time superintendent of,
this place. .-;, c, "
Herbert MacDonald has resigned his
position.as porter at the Great Northern Hotel and,'is now driving a team
for Mr. George Fisher. .   . ■
Mr. Chris,Maurer,, the genial bartender at the Hotel .Kootenay,. has returned to town after an* absence of
ono, month. _.,
Neil,McQuarrey is in town for a few
days. < ■ Neil. is trapping up the Elk
River arid reports having caught quite
a few martin. ,        .- \
John Smith, of the Northern Coal
Company,-, is "In town and things are
going lively with the spearers. '
. • Jaik "nicker- is now chef for Ernest
Estabrook, .who is running^ a logging
camp.' '     , : f: '■'
7The only discussion that you. can
get Charles Fuchs, into these days is
the topic of. grandchildren. , „"
' • Mr. George Spencer and family have
moved to,Corbln.
, Tuesday evening," the 5th inst./ a
large crowd gathered at Mutz's' Hall
to attend the social given iri honor of
Mr. T. G. Harries, who returned" Sunday night from Nelson," where he has
held a government, position for the
past'month. Mr..James Lancaster, of
Fernie, who had promised to attend
and take the chair, unfortuately could
ot'get down,-, and Mr. Maurice Burrell
acted in-his, stead:-/-After a few remarks by. the chairman, the following programme was gone.through in
a manner-'"which-speaks, well for the
talent in Michel:'.- Michel Brass Band,
Selection; , Mr." R7 Price, song,.."Red
Roses";' Mr. A.'Williams', song,7'I«et'
me like/'a Soldier Fall";, Mr.,'Albert
Allan; comic song, "I've got something
to be thankful for," "And-that's(how he
sat on a tack"; Miss L. .Evans," reelta-
ing.of the'5th a .solid  gold brooch j the village council-for several* year's
with large, diamond setting. •■ Owner  previous to the incorporation of Cole-
can have same,,by describing.shape,
etc., and applying at the Union, Off ice.
, Ned Hayes, fireboss.in No. 8.South,
met with a nasty accident,- resulting in
a,crushed foot. We hope to hear of
.liis complete recovery", in a short
while. , ,"     ^  ,'. y.
. Derby, the genial mixologist at the
Great Northern Hotel, is no more to
be seen behind the bar, __ He. has
now secured a position at. the* "brewery
and .will make'that which, he used
to sell. .    v.
Charlie Allan, one bf the old-timers,
returned, here'the other day.-
Mr. Harry Lowe, o?. the CV P. R.
office-staff, who is now in Cranbrook
Hospital, recovering from an operation
for appendicitis, is reported to be doing nicely. We hope to have him
with us in a short while.
man as a town one year .ago. when he
became the town's first mayor. All
will join, however, in wishing" him enjoyment of the rest that has been well
earned.    •''••.„
A meeting was held in the' Opera
House on-Friday evening last, at which
tt-e affairs of the towns were discussed
at length by a number of the town
counqil. * W. L. Quir.ette occupied the
cnair and addresses were delivered by
Messrs. Cameron,,Holmes and Clark.-
Account's were given of what had been
done during the past year, and suggestions' were made of, courses of action
accessary for the new council of 1912.
Sanitation Inspector Dr. Porter gave
a report of the work of his department
during the year.—Lethbridge Herald. -
♦ ♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦ ♦"♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ -   COAL  CREEK  BY  174        ♦
Hotel >
W. H. Murr   - Prop.
tion; Mr. Harry Bridge, song; Mr. Wm  _. ■. .   ,    .
-    _, _LEi'esbytsnan
■ a
V' i
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every    ,
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
Fop Sale
or Rent
„. ,MWM— -I  ,, —~-.ii. ,    - — m ■■■■■ ■■ >■■■■■■■■ 11—.,.-....■ .
rVimit Avonuo, J/oniio ,
Kuvniflliod nr unfurnished
Rare Snaps
In City Property
Give us a Call
is mine"; Mr. J. Miller," comic "song,
"Lassie ' fr6m Lancashire" - - (parody),
and "Sing me,to' sleep";' Michel '.Brass
Band, Selection; Miss Annie Frew,.Recitation; Mr. Sam Athertoiv comic
song (parody), "If those-lips coiild only
speak"; .Mr.-Joseph Harper, whistling
solo, "Killarnoy"^ Mr. Wm. Shorrbcks,
song, "To be a Fanner's"Boy"; Michel
Brass Bam"), Selection.
Messrs. Albert,-Bastaln and Alex.
Almond kindly acted as accompanlsta
, The" chairman then called on Mr.
Harries, who with a fow suitable remarks thanked all for the. kindness
shewn him.,- He nlso gave an interesting account of his tour out west.
. This brought-the concert part of the
social to a close, and.the hall was*
thon' cleared of.chair's .for , dancing
which wns kept up till 32,30, whon supper was served, ,nfter which dancing
was rosumod and kept up till 2.30
a.m. , Excelloiit music was supplied
by tlio Mlchol'Orchestra. Mr., Arthur
Newton kindly acted ns M. C, Tho
commltteo take thin opportunity of
thanking tho ladles nnd gentlemen who
Bo'klndly gave their assistance In making tlio soclnl oiio of tho host ovor hold
In Michel. . , "
The Mlchol Local Union Orlovanco
Commltto whilst taking up lho cnuo of
two men who had boon told that tsoro
v.'f'p no moro work for thorn undor this
coinr-niiy, nskotl Spruslon why should
tine treatment bo motod out to them,
and what groat crlmo hnd thoy dono.
Ho roplled that It wns not his doings,
and Hint the ordo'.s c.inio from one
niKvo him. So mnoli for tho vorlml
ngronmont ro Discrimination.
, Mr, Porcy Johns Joft Wodnosday
night for Conl Creek.
Mr. Win. Porter, who Ib sick nnd
tired of soolng tho head HlmUo nnd
honi'ltiR "N'otlilng dolnff," Is nbout to
lonvo   town,   and with , Hint ond In'
vlow ho Ih Holdlnt? nn auction of hie
vnlunhloB.    Tlio following Is n Hat of
j flnnio:    Ono   bIioop'b   head   (which
I would have had horns If It had not
boon flliot ro Boon); one goat's bond
(billy)—flno whlflkorfli,   but   nothing
much doing In  tlio horn  lino;  ono
pair of hunting bootfl (hnvo noon bet
tcr diiyB); two-thirds of a Hud son liny
blanket ( color: rod); half-dozen pnlr
boM'.r (hools nnd tboa not whoro tliey
nhould bo); ono Snvngo rifle (moro
ImttnlonH thno «nvrif»n1    Tim wfiM« nf
thin \nlunblo hunting outfit will' ho
auctioned off nt tho rosldonre of thn
ahovo-nnmod Rontlomnn   on .-Tuofldny
noxt,   Como early ond avoid tho rush.
Nat llowols was a visitor horo Inst
Saturday.    Nat looked In th« nlnV.
John HrUcoo and .Too Cans left
Mlchol for tho prillrlo country. R«-
ports from that (mrt of tho country aro
that (Inns lias tocurod a position m
swimming Instructor In a back nlopo.
It's ono of thoso sort of placos where
it is necoRMary, so tbo ngroomont stat-
Born at Coal Creek on Sunday, Dec.
3rd,, to_ Mr and Mrs. John Flemining,
a fine daughter. | Mother and child
are both doing'well.       ;     •
Tommy. Hutchinson' was taken down,
to the • Fernie Hospital last Sunday
suffering from a severe attack /of rheumatism. '- ■ ,
Victor Allen arrived-back in camp
last week end to take up his old posi-'
tion'ln the Coal Company's office, but
he has been transferred to' Michel, for
which place he left on Thursday afternoon, y
Mr. Bernard Caulfield left'here last
week'end for Michel to take up his
new position as Superintendent for the
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company down
there.   . •'"     ^ • '     .
i Mr. Steve. Lawson,'of Hosmer,'paid
a short visit to Mr and Mrs: James
Maddison up here, on Monday afternoon.' v   ,      '   . ■   . __
Mr and Mrs.. Greenwood, of Fernie,
were visiting frieiids up here on Sunday, last.    ,-,-'„, - , ■
Owing to the large increase of the
population, up here ..the two schools
have become'too small to hold all. the
children old enough to attend, so the
trustees, have .secured, the "use-of the
■ Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 27, 191'J,
To all Local Unions under the juris:,
diction of the United Mine'Workers
of America:-   \ ' , •■ •    a
.Greeting: '"" - "       '•
■■ ,We desire'to call your attention to
the fact that- settlements have been
secured in all the striking districts
with the exception of District 15, Colorado,' and'a few local strikes in isolated sections of our country.'
.By virtue of the authority vested
in us by .the International Executive
Board you.are hereby notified that the
assessment will be .discontinued on and
after December 1st, 1911.
..We are conscious of the heavy financial burdens' imposed on our members during the last eighteen months
and we have been straining every
point possible to bring about conditions
which would justify us in • abolishing
the assessment.  "
It must be taken into consideration,
however, that we have oligations approximating ,$8,000.00' per week for
which we must..'provide for an indefinite length" of .time. But in consideration of..the "amount due, from
Local Unions—some of which have
not „paid; any of, the assessment and
those which :<bave made partial pay-
rep; * i The testimony, taken by the
committee, the details of their investigations' and their report will be published in he Upted Mine Workers'
Journal, beginning with this week's
issue. -
: . While the disappearance of - these
votes "will, no doubt, be-given attention at the International Convention
n January,-1, deem it my duty to In-
forrri the membership now, regarding
the matter'' and in addition I will insist
upon a' most rigid investigaton by the
Conventon, in order to find out, if pds:
sible, who is responsible for the disappearance of the votes-of other large
Local'Unions.   '   -   ,
We must have honest elections and
an honest'count] The votes of every
Local Union sent in must be accounted
for. As a matter cf precaution I
recommend that each Local Union
keep a duplicate copy; of the vote sent
to the' International Office, and in
addition I shall Instruct the International Secretary-Treasurer to number
consecutively the sealed envelopes con^
taining the elections returns from the
Local Unions, as they are placed in
the ballot box and keep a record thereof.' Thus by co-operating together
we: can prevent in the futuro a repetition of.what happened last year.
Respectfully submitted, _.
-' ' y." JOHN P. WHITE, '
, • President U.M.Wl of A.
school for tlie young and rising generation. It .was opened last -Monday
morning'and a new teacher has been
secured to train and enlighten them'in
what they have to do and how it is to
be done.- The , big , school had an
holiday on. Wednesday owing to Mr.
Jay not being able to attend.
Mrs. Robert Spruston, of Michel,
was visiting friends up here on Wednesday afternoon.
Mr. Parrot ls the new grocery clerk
In the Trltes-Wood Store up here.
Quite a number of old-timers are arriving back every day; seems to be.
no place like home now work ls resumed once moro.   ,
The rock tunnel that Is being driven
as an air course for No. 1 Bast, was
holed through last Sunday. ' This has
boon tho means of a good many moro
men getting employment.
Tho, kids are having groat fun thoso
days slolgh riding and coasting down
tho hills, and we noticed a new toboggan arrived up horo this week, bo-we
nro going In for tho ronl thing this
winter,     Watchout!
Tho sad death of Mrs, J. Bnggaloy
(report of which will bo found In nnotlior column) came as a shock to tho
rcoldenlB up horo, where sho wns so
woll known, and tho sympathy of tho
ontlro Creek goes out to Mr. Baggaley
In his snd bereavement,
Air. Thos. Spruston, Into Supt. of
Mlchol colllorlos, pnld n short visit up
horo on Thursday afternoon. <
A cnve-ln occurred In the Incline
district of No. I> Mlno last Friday
which caiifiod that part of tho mlno to
bo Idlo for tho dny. Fortunntoly no
ono .wns Injured.
The conl output up horo ls steadily
Increasing nnd In a vory short tlmo
It will bo largor- thnn ov«r.
ment—we expect to realize sufficient'
funds tb maintain-these of our members still on strike, hence we would
urge upon.all Local'Unions indebted
to the International Union, tnevnecos-
sity of "carrying-out this obligation.''
A great'deal of credit is due the vast
majority of our-, Local Unions that
have responded so nobly up to the
present time. The necessity for a
strict compliance with the laws and
rules of the organization and the payment of every financial obligation imposed on bur membership ought to bo
apparent to those who havo failed to
meet these obligations which are so
essential "to* the welfare and progiess
of tho organization, k •
Any ,of out' Locnl Unions that are
making a rensonnblo effort to pay"the
assessment iind nre unable to meet
tho same ln full should prosont n statement of facts to tho International Office nnd socuro nn oxtonslon of time,
which will be cheerfully grnntcd If
tho clr'cumstnnces,, would warrant the
same. There nre a number of Locnl
Unions that have overpaid and credit
will bo glvon snld Locnl Unions for
tax.' . A statement will bo lSBiied lator
Rowing their flnnnclnl standing with
tiro.International Organization.
•Kxprossiilg tlio liopo Hint upon receipt, of this circular It will bo rond
to the Locnl Unions nnd that wo shnll
bo favored with enrly rcmlltnncoB from
thoso still on strlko, wo are,
Fraternally yours,
.totin p. White,
"• Vlco-ProBldoiH,
EDWIN I'finnY,
COLKMAN, Alta., Doc.C—Nomina-
tlojm yoHtordny for tlio town council
of 1012 woro ns follows; for Mayor,
W, U Qluotto nnd David Hyslop; for
councillors:  H. Q. floodovo,    Henry
Jnmos, J. Swarm, II. Smith, J. John-
ston, W. n, Johnfitoi), J, Unswortli, W.
ID, KdowIoh, S, LooHkl, nnd Wm. FraB-
or,   Tlio tornrs of three of the councillors oxplro at tlio ond of the year,
itiid wim tho resignation of A. M. Moi-
{i^iU, un'iif, tu iHvwtiuru ot oitior uut-
Ira and tlio retirement of Mayor Alex.
Cameron, who hns decided not to bo
a candidate for the tnuyorallty, five
placos at tho municipal board will havo
tu ta inimi Horn itie nuovo Usl oJ
twolvo candidates.
Only Itobort Holmes nnd Samuel
Sliono, of Colomnn's first council remain, which, by tbo way, may bo taken as an Illustration of tho ovcrchnng-
Ing nnfur* of Mo nnd thfngu In, mta-
Ing towns. ^ ll. Clark, who also ro-
os, to hsvo yourself floating nround In  nrp», wm no? be a candidate for wim-,
IndlnnnpollH, Ind.. Nov. 22, 1911
To tho Officers nnd Mombors of nil
Local Unions, United Mlno Workers
of Amorica:
Soon nftor assuming,tho offlco of
President of our orgnnlzntlon on April
1st, tho District Officers or Illinois
filed wlth'mo a complaint setting forth
Hint a Inrgo number of Local Unions
In that District who had volod for In-
ternntlonnl Officers lnBt December, did
not have th«lr vote recorded In tho
Tollers' noport nnd demnndnd tn know
jtho rensons thworor. Inasmuch nn this
bttununod mouths butoro I became president, I »ubmlt(ed tlio complaint to
the International Rututlvo Board, and
thoy appointed u loiiuiiltteo of three
members of the Hoard to InvontU'nte
toe mutter.
They proceeded toWko a thorough
Investigation, and tlielr roport Just Hied shows that the votes from forty-
nine largo Local Unions In Illinois who
had voted for International Officers,
ha.1 net Iwcn rt'jwirtiil. Tlutsn Lornls '
had voted 10,6511 for White and Mo
"The .times are changed and we are
changed with -them," has become hackneyed as a quotation from the Latin.
-Nevertheless-so relatively short is a
man's life and so gradual generally
the course, of change, that in a lifetime one will mark "but little change
of ■ any consequence. , As; a . result,
things m general take^on a false appearance of-fixity and stability. Hence
it'-is but "natural", that we should .think
and "express ourselves habitually' in
terms of the conception that" things
are, now,-as they were in the beginning and so will be, .world without?
end.'   -      ■   .■   •   ■
* Particularly is.this the average,attitude'' towards "human nature." The'
very'expression implies human traits
and characteristics, inherent^'and innate, ■ not only unchanging 'but un-
15Kahgeab"ie. w, TfiisTliuman nature is regarded, on the one hand, as by nature
evil,.'and Man as a "miserable sinner"
doomed to eternal torment-in a hereafter, if not saved by one ingenious
device or another, and on the. other
hand as intrinsically good aiid .lacking bat opportunity to blossom out'in
lily-like purity,      . t - -,    ■
None of which is anywhere near the
truth. The- one thing we know about
human nature Is that ' It changes."
Not_only that, but, as It changes, human conceptions of good and evil
change with it. Thnt which Is good
at oiie ime. Is evil at Another nnd
that t which Is human nature hero Is
unnatural at the Antipodes. It-was
perfectly good and, human for the
Dynk to hunt heads,' the Fljlnn to onl
human fleph, or for a Phnrnoh to mnrry his own sister, evil nnd Inhuman
as such practices may appear to us.
So that not only nro the attributes of
human nature not fixed nnd immutable, but thoy cannot bo snld to bo
either good or ovll, ns conceptions of
good nnd ovll aro mutable and transitory.
Moreover,- thoso nttrlbutoa aro not
Innate and Inherent, but acquired and
ovolved. Thoy hnvo grown on uh.
While those of the traits which go to
mako up human nature which' havo
nny degroo of permanence nro- not
peculiarly human traits, but nro common to nnlmnl llfo gcnornlly, and
hnvo boon handed down to the human
race In tho natural procoss of evolution, Thiifl with tlio no-called "Inst Inet" of Bolf-proflorvntlon. It Is not
nn Innate Instinct but n chnrnclorlBtlc
which hns becomo dominant nnd persistent throughout tho higher forms
of llfo, nl ny rnto, through tlio simple fnct ^f natural selection. TIiobo
Indlvldunls who have lacked this clinv-
iictorlHtle, who linvo been reckless of
llfo, hnvo been killed off moro rapidly
In   proportion  have,  therefore, multi
plied in'lesser numbers, arid ,so have
transmitted tlielr characteristics of
recklessness to' proportionately fewer
descendants than have those individuals in whom the tendency to self-
preservation was stronger. Conse-
c.uently, with each succeeding generation; the tendency to self-preservation would become stronger and its
lack less frequent. And so with the
sexual instinct, the maternal instinct,
and so forth, all down the line.
As the human physical form has
been evolved1 by the selective processes out of the numberless types
produced by tlie constant tendency to
variation of the animal organism, just
so have human mental and moral attributes been evolved by similar processes out of similarly varying types.
What applies to these more enduring traits of-human nature applies also to the more transient. The avarice,-for instance, which, in-a greater
or less degree, is a part 'and parcel of
the human nature of the day, and Is
frequently advanced as a potent-argument against Socialism by those who
have no conception of Socialism, is
a comparatively recently acquired
characteristic. During the long ages
of , primitive communism it .could
have had no existence. .To the nomad
savage it would be inconceivable, for
to accumulate ."wealth such as then
existed would be but to accumulate
burdensome encumbrances.. Itis only
with the advent of slavery that any.
advantage can accure from acquisitiveness and the transmission'of avaricious, tendencies becomes selectively
dominant. And with the passing, of
slavery their-extermination would'-be
automatically inevitable.'
So We may return to the dictum that
the. one .thing wo0know about human
nature is that it changes. ., It changes
according as'the conditions and circumstances of human existence change
Thoso characteristics which are advantageous at any period are the one that
then dominate in persistence, and they
are,modified as conditions.are modified. " "The times are changed and we
are -changed . with them."--Wcstem
the continuation' of the present .accepted ' political "beliefs of the people of"
the United States. * "',
Today in the'United States the capitalist system of society, compels the • .
recognition of the superiority "of the'
men'who inherit money or accumulate   ,
money, over all other men, as well as
permitting one man or set of men to
take what another man has made, or
ten thousand men have made,' provide
ing wages are paid to these men.
| In other words, you can legally take
what another man makes if you feed  '
him. ';■._-
Now, the Socialists say that this Is
robbery, and they propose to stop It7
They propose to make"a new law
which will say that no man or set of
men can take profit, rent or interest
from any man, woman or child who is .
living today or from those who will
be born tomorrow. v
They propose to make'a new law_
which will make„all the people of the
United States owners of whatever they -
make or build or produce.
They propose to make a new law .
which will say that'all the instruments '
of production and distribution used for
private profit shall henceforth belong >
to all the people of the United States.
They propose a co-operative commonwealth. ' ■ ' ■-    „
It Is a death- struggle and it is In-°tt
evitable that the continued robbery of
the many by the few must'1 and will"
,. /'
Nowhere In the Pass, can be
found in such a display of
' ->l
W. W. Foster, Deputy Minister .of
Public Works, in a letter to'W. .'J.
Kerr. PresidenLofJthQ-lCanadlan-High-
wajr Association, outlines the following
route as the most practicable for the
contruction-of .British Columbia's portion of the Canadian Highway: Alber- [
nl to "Vlttorla, via. Nanainio; Vancouver,   Westminster,   Hope,   Princeton,
ttossland,'thence to Trail, crossing the.
Columbia by- the new bridge now in
course of erection, and via Summit
Creek; along the Old Dewney Trail to
Croston,  thence "following  the  main
Trunk Rond into Alberta.
. While this route cannot be considered final until nil the,(reports from
the surveyors nnd engineers have been
submitted to tho Department of 'Public Works, it'is not likely.that any Important deviation will bo mndo,
. We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
Phone 56
- * I
7 ■■;']
By Hugh McGco
Tho Socialist movomont In the United Stntos Is ongagetl In as fierce nnd
terrific a struggle'In tho. political flold
as the Btrugglo of the unions In the
industrial field. It k more thnn that.
It Is a death grapple with orgnnlzed
All the present laws, all tho present
ciuitoiiiH, nil the present. liollufK, nil tho
proBcnt convontlonalltloB, nil the present social actions are based on the
prosont so-called right of the prosont
profit system,
In Europo there nro conflicting conditions, Hiich us cnHto nnd the hereditary belief In tlio divine rlglitH of
Kings mid tho vented rights of the
landed nrlntocrney, while In America
the IsHim Ih ii clour out fight ngnliiBl
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Look at the label on your paper and
see If your subscription Is paid In
Barber Shop
.   Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazclwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B. C.       Phone 34
City Lots, $400 and $450
it-oU JO, <*WW*»-rt *H*lil
Insurance    Real Estate
a pair of pura boots beforo you can
term It wot
If some of MkheJ officials divided
their saUrlo* Into tho hours they
worked tho rate por hour would b*
very small.
Found In "Mutx's Hall on tbe even-
k-Iftnl honor* this year, Mr. Cameron's many friends will regret his
complete retirement from mtinfrlpn!
affairs. His name had become nsso-
dsted with tr« various phase* of muni-
clpsl nctfrttf from tho tola's, carllcit
history, having a<trv«d aa chairman ot
fm' U-.V.U, for IiWunuitloiial President.
They had sent iho returns to International nfadqnartffrs. Th» evidence
shows the returns wtfre placed In the
official ballot box, and woro stolen
thwliom hy tomo party or parties un-
Iuuimi. TtiU iuxouuU fi>( Uw> roat'.n
why (hey did not appear tn the printed
Payments   Easy
For full particulars apply to
Union Land Co., Natal, B.C. ™«t^i-
£f-'*   "
a :•■*
F" ■-
tt .
■'■'.-??''r,'>~!'\ '-
* i '  ,Vft *■  .-
"77""'^ '-'-y^'V-v^ ■-;•""-•. y y:,\7'\;'7'\'   y 'y^'^-^^y.^v , .;*I7;..;' ^ _\
i .'.■
-      WHERE  "YOU   ARE  AT  ASK.
A Little Advice About a Lot'of Things
Not to do and What Should be Done
in Case You Are Injured or in Danger of Losing Wages. „    ,
by Jas. H.McYety   -  .
One of. the most pitiful tasks that
, falls to^my lot is listening to the stories of men and women injured iii industry.   Almost daily someone comes
to the hall enquiring as to the best
method of securing what the courts are
' pleased to call "compensation" for the
' loss or injury of some portion of their
anatomy.     "•
The most remarkable feature of
these cases is that the subjects have
been content to take the word of their
employers, nnt.il such times as they
have been cast adrift to shift for them-
' selves and then they come to the hall
t looking for sympathy and advice, after
"the legal time for securing, damages
bas passed. The current practice
among employers seems to be that of
promising steady employment and continuous wages to injured workmen, always avoiding any written agreement,
and as soon as the legal time' for taking the case into the court expires, discharge the workman .thus reducing the
damages to a matter of wages, for six
months.   -
, Sharp Practice
Such a case came to my notice the
other day.     A man came here from
Scotland, secured work as a* helper
around a warehouse and worked only
a few days when his leg was broken in
about four places.   He was laid up for
'.  three months, during which the employer, paid his full wages of $18 per
week," promising to look after him un-
Q til he had fully recovered.   At the end
of the three months he was able to do
'   light work and continued at this for
• three months and seven days, when he
■ was advised that his services-were no
longer required as he was unable to
"perform the duties of the position in
'  which he was employed.  - Picture his
, condition.    In a strange country, with
a wife and family and unable to secure
" employment  at anything  during the
winter month's.   *'
. , Under the Employers' Liability and
Workmen's Compensation" Acts, there
is a provision that bars a-'claim for
■ damages unless notice of the claim is
_Jgiyenjyithin_six months.    "Tinder the
er is not prejudiced in his defense by
the want, defect or inaccuracy, or that
such want' defect- or inaccuracy WAS
occasioned by mistake or other reasonable cause." -' *
Mean Cheap Tactics ,
During the six months the man I
have previously referred--to received
$468. ■ Under the Workmen's Compensation Act he could have recovered,$9
per, week during the entire period he
was   incapacitated   or  until-; he  had
drawn the sum of ?1,500, which would,
have taken 166 weeks.    -The employ
er, by being alive to the' provisions I
of the law regarding notice has, so far,'
been able to save $1,00.0 by hoodwinking a stranger who knew nothing of
the local laws and still less of the methods of loeal employers.  -
Workers Too Gullible.
Thero are too -many workers "who
imagine that their employers are in
business for the good of their health'
and for the purpose of giving employ-'
ment and high wages to their em-
British Isles, who most frequently fall
ployees.. To the workers from the
for the blandishments of the kindly
employer, I would point .out that ,the
good old feudal system of England has
passed, and that industry on this, continent is being administered on the
most up-to-date capitalist lines. Workers are hired for the purpose of extract
ing profits from their hides. If one
is injured the profit, so far as he is
concerned, is stopped and should the
injured.one be alive to his own interests,' it may be that the profits derived
from a considerable number of other
workers may be 'required to pay the
damages that the legislators have decreed shall be paid in certain cases. If,
on the other hand, the worker can be
stilled to sleep for'six months by kind
ly treatment; the employer saves, that
much money and turns another worker adriftjto be cared for by his fellow-
workers, by. charity, or thrown into jail
as a vagrant.    ,       <>
Precaution Necessary
The point I desire to emphasize is
this: if you are injured in connection
with your employment, do not wait for
six months before you find out "where
you are at." I understand that workers have a horror of lawyers, and they
have cause and plenty of it-for avoiding them. But see some one. . If you.
belong, to a union go to, or send for
your business agent or other local officer and have him look after your interests. ' He can do a great deal better
Compensation Act notice has   to   be
.filed with the employer    within   six
months.   The clauses dealing with this
, matter follow:
Section of Employers' Liability
"An action for the recovery under
this act of compensation for an injury
shall not.be maintainable against the
employer of the workman unless notice
that Injury has been' sustained Is given
within twelve weelcs, and the action
tbe occurrence of tbe accident causing
tho Injury, or In case of death, within
twelve months from the time of death;
provided always, that In ,case of death
tho want of such notice shall be no
bar to tho maintenance of such action,
If the judge shall be of opinion that
thoro was reasonable excuse for want
of such notice.     891, C. 10, S. 9."
8ectlon 3 of Compensation Act
,   "Proceedings for the recovery   under this act of compensation for an In-
jury shall not be maintained unless notice of the accident has boon given
ns soon as practicable of the happening thereof, and boforo tho workman
lias voluntarily left tlio employment in
which ho was Injured, nnd unless the
claim for compensation with respect to
such accident causing tho Injury, or In
case of death, within six months from
tlmo of death; Provided always, that
tho want of,-or any defect or Inaccuracy In such notico shall not bo a bar
to tho maintenance of such proceedings, If It Is found in tho proceedings
for sottllng tho claim that tho employ-
for the withdrawal of electricity where
one, half of one per cent of gas was
present. What-this' would meant-in
practice was doubtful, for few, even
amongst experienced'men, would care
to s'ay'by any" ordinary means of testing when this limlt'was reached. The
advent bf Mr. Ralph's new lamp promised . to give certainty where befoie
there had only been conjecture. Every
one, both manager arid working miner,
nrust.feel indebted to him for his attempt, which-he (Dr. Thornton) personally had no doubt would event«:
ally prove successful in mining-practice; to measure quickly, small local
quantities of gas. When the "half-
per-cent" clause was first proposed it
was regarded as panic legislation.
There were no records of " such
small percentages being' dangerous.
Two per cent of gas, was known to
increase the risk1 of ignition of coal
dust, but the jump to one-helf per cent
seemed too great to be justified. Mr.
Ralph's invention gave at once a
ready means of carrying out more
rapidly than before a series of trials
by which the critical percentage at
which coal dust ignitions began- to be
accelerated could be experimentally de
termiried. Havingcde'scribed the results of long-continued experiments
with this lamp, Dr. Thornton, said the
greater question now arose at' what
point should practical experience and
common-sense advise to cut off the
electrical supply in a, mine. The
figures as they stood undoubtedly supported tbe action of the House in Committee in keeping the percentage low,
but it did not appear that there was
anyl special; virtue in ■% per ' cent.
Everything pointedtto one per cent as
a more reasonable limit for any, possible source of Ignition, electricity or
naked light, to be withdrawn from the
mine. Speaking with a knoweldge of
the consequence of coal mine .explosions, he suggested that the maximum
of safety, with.the least interference
with the operation of getting coal, and
with a minimum of risk, would be obtained by fixing' the' limit at 'which
electricty should be wthdrawn at one
per cent. -. The facts brought out were
of wider interest than from the elec-
tfical side of the question. They
showed to what degree small quantities of gas might augment a local ignition . In- the workings, and the use
of .haulage: in'return air-ways, where
both clouds of dust and small quan-
tlties of gas" were' likely to. be present
to advise the.-Government as to the
rate of exhaustion of our,energy supplies; and. as to .what; if - any/ steps
should be taken to minimize'that rate.'
The United States, with a'much larger
coal ..reserve, as well as an oir supply,
which .we lack; have not thought it unnecessary . to, take", means to keep
abreast .with"the diminutionvof-their
sources of energy."—Science..and Art
of Mininp.   - 7■''.' \
..,,...   a■
n . .-v    ,   	
Eight mills are idle at Glantawe Tin-
plate works, Pontardawe, "through a
dispute. , .-"',","--   '   .-,' *'' -;
than you can yourself, because he,has
or should have a great deal of experience in handling such" matters. If you
do this, there is thenan opportunity of
protecting you against being thrown
on the world as a cripple, unable to
work and compelled to beg for a living.. *     '
•  •! '1
No Need to^Lose Wages «
The same advice that I bave given
regarding, injuries applies equally well
to the question of wages. There is no
reason why, any worker, at least ln tho
building trades, should lose his wages
u" he acts In time. "* Thirty days are
allowed in which to file a lien against
tho property and, the owner Is then
made responsible whether he stops the
money on tho contract or not. Do not
allow employers to jolly you along
from month to month, paying a little
now and n little ngnln, but all tho time
piling up a larger amount as the balance due.
A littlo tlmo and consideration given
, Some 'interesting facts relating" to
the population statistics of the world's
great cities ave cited by Prof. W. B.
Baily -in the, Independent. v -7 *   ,
There are at present ten cities in
the world with a population of, over
1,000,000. Of these, three are (uv the,1
United States. '■ -' Russia is the only'
other country'to have more than.one
city of this size. - -.-■'-,"•
, London leads with a population of
over' 7,000,000, but its area is • oyer
440,000, acres. Tlie area of Greater
New York is, less thau half that of
London. . If New York city could annex enough of its suburbs to make
its area equal to that of London, It
would at present have a population c?
over, 6,000,000. Even without annexing any more territory, New York may,
-within twenty years, become the greatest city in" the world. If it .were possible, to include suburbs, as has been
done by London, it might become the
leader within ten years. The area of
RegistrationLondon, not including the
outer ring,-is 74,8"39 acres'. ?On .this
territory is found a population of nearly 6,000,000, but within the past decade
the population of the old city of London has actually decreased. .. Busi-,
ness1 is • crowding' residences from
the center. * • „ -7 'y- '■
,' Berlin has recently annexed suburbs
with' 1,000,000.- -7 It seems likely that
when figures are available < it will be
discovered that Berlin • has displaced ■ Paris as the third city in the
world. The following are the population and area of the' ten largest
cities in "the world, at the latest date
for7which figures are available:
Area in
sCity "-""*>. ' Acres
London.,.':'..'.:.... 441600
New York   .'.".. 209,218
The, Parliament of Holland has forbidden, night work for women, except
in' the herring industry.. ■    v'' •-'•' - r',   ,
- A movement is on" foot in,.Great
Britain to amalgamate all the iron and
steely trades Into a huge'industrial
union. "*"~r,  .     *       ,'•     : •'.
gent Action our governing"•", power,
coupled with a determination to siic-1
ceed and victory, is-certain. Let us
not' miss this opportunity to'lift,; the
mining Industry to a' higher plane*. ■",,'
In behalf of .struggling humanity arid
the success of. the-mine workers. *-' .
I remain, truly arid fraternally yours,
-"'-     .'/ -',",, •', T.K LEWIS.
To fight organized labor in Austra-,
Ha an Employers',Mutual Assurance
Co.,-with a capital of $500,000, is being floated.   ;    " - ''   ""  "
Paris ;
Tokio ,:"..-'.....
Chicago ;....'.
Vienna.. .-.....
Berlin ... 7..".:
St. Petersburg
Philadelphia .'.'
Moscow, ......
together, was once more condemned.
At the conclusion of his address Dr.
Thornton informed his audience that
he had just learned that the Government had- dropped the' ys' per cent
A Labor Temple association, capitalized, at $50,000, has been formed to
build. a home for organized labor in
.;■•.-       -■   '•'■ DENTIST ;;. "■
Office:' Henderson Block; Fernie,' B.Cw
7. ; /Hours;-8.30 to" 1;?2 toV>
Residence: 21, "Victoria'Avenue.'.
W.R.RsssK. C.
W. S. Lane
. , M. A» Macdonaid „ -
■'-'..     )•      '■ -' "■' "'•
Fernio, B.C •        '• ■■>'"  •    ' Canada.
Government by, the'people'and for
the people depends ■ largely on the Intelligent use of the "ballot-box by the
iwge workers.     ■".
Those who are depriving "people of
their rights should remember "that "He
who rules yitti the sword shall perish
by.the sword.",-, j * ,
In Great Britain .no one is allowed
to sell, alum hidden in" baking-powder, "because the--English law protects the people from this injurious
acid. ''•■ "   '   '-,   '        ' 7 ■;, 7
Cfinada.'has not yet enacted'n lsw
af>lnst the use or alum, and' as aliiiu
in1 baking-powder ennart be detected
by Its appearance, many manufacturers
are using this condemned, acid because it is a cheap adulterant."
It is' a ' fact that alum in your
stomach produces the same disagreeable results to the delicate organism
as you will feel in your mouth by
putting ,a, tiny piece on. your tongue.
Science shows that alum reduces the
flow of the gastric juices and weakens
their power of assimilation,. causing
indigestion and the ills that follow.
No housewife should buy a baking-
powder made by a manufacturer that
is afraid to print the ingredients plainly on the label'of each can, and the
wording should state that there is no
alum ls disguised inside.   .
Every battle, that labor is engaged
in, whether It brings .temporary sue-
c<'ss or temporary jjiefeat. leads onward and upward. ' ' -'
The gain in the membership, of the
American Federation • of Labor. since
the convention of 1910 has been 156,898
of various trade' unions.
.  '     L. P. ECKSTEIN :  ,;
7 Barrister:at-Law, Solicitor,.      7
.   ,'"      •'    ' "'"•:"  7 7    -'•'*',   '"'.'   ':' '   ■*    '■'
7-   /
F. C." Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B; C.""
.   "
L. , H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public; etc.
' The "French Socialists in the United
States are about to iorm acnational
organization and ask for a national
translator-secretary, to be stationed In
Chicago. l - 7   '
.The'average earnings a day of union
men employed in, New .York during the
first quarter of 1911 was $3.26, as against'" $3.18' last' year, and was "the
highest on record.  -,   ', „.     .  ",
. Peter J. .McArdie," general-president
of- the „International Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers,-has'been'elected a city councilman in Pittsburg:, 'to fill ■ a vacaricy
caused by resignation.'  ,    - ,.
' The people of Washington are, following "the decisions of the new Employers'. .Liability' Commission with
considerable0 interest- Considering
that $81 -was recently allowed for the
kilAng of a young woman iri the powder" mill explosion at Chehalis, two of
the latest awards,are novel in comparison.., For instance, a*laborer whose
thumb had', been injured was voted
$40. In another case, . $1,400 was
granted for the loss of an arm. '■ It
is the source of .considerable speculation as to just what method the
commissioners pursue '■ to " arrive at
their conclusions in these different
cases.-     '-■-",
Men* and  women    were -  dlscharg-
Le  Figaro  Will  in  February   Devote "'ea^from their jobs in Los; Angeles be-
In the last Issue of The Science and
Art oi. Mining we printed a statement
by the Home Secretary bearing on
the coal supplies,(*see page 146). Sir
William Ramsay, writing to the Times,'
says:   '.
"Mr. McKenna, the Homo Secretary,
has done mo the honor to mako some
remarks on my estimate of the duration of the reserve of coal In Great
Britain. The object which I had, in
vlow In my presidential address to the
British Association wns to point out
that  It Is exceedingly, unlkoly that
any other source of heat or power will
to your own affairs will often repay bo discovered which will supplant, coal.
you one hundred fold. If you don't
know where you nro, ask.—Tho B. C.
On Wednesday, November intli, Dr,
Thornton dollvorcd his. 'prosldentlel
address to tho mombors of tho Newcastle branch of tlio Association of
Mining Electrical Englneors. Ho said
ho two most Important questions which ovor 44,000,000,000
and that it is, therefore, incumbent on
us' to take ovory means in our power
to prevent waste of coal. To this I
am sure that Mr.. McKonnn. would
agree, No polntB out, however, that I
do not take Into consideration tho
large amount of conl in fields unprov-
ed at tho tlmo of tho Inquiry of tho
Royal Commission, nor tho coal lying
at a depth greater than 4,000, foot,
which tho Commission estimated at
tons.     He   also
As,- an" evidence of the increasing
prestige of Canada? as a field of Investment and .place of settlement for
millions of people now resident in the
most" congested areas of Europe
Le Flgaroi of,Paris, will publish a
large: supplement, dealing exclusively
with Canada, early in February.
, This numbor of the great French
paper^will contain many views of Canada, taken from the Atlantic to the
Pacific and the Artie ocean to the interna tlonalboundary line. A review
of her vast potentialities In natural
resources, her magnificent farming
areaB, her mine'ral deposits and fisheries, will all bo comprehensively
dealt" with In this nuriiber.
Tills will be tho first time in its history that this great poper hns devoted
an entire supplement to Canada, al-
"tuough it has done, so with many of
tho Central and South American countries have derived, more lately, from
trios., "•
It Is bellovcd that tho presentation
of the exact facts with regard to.this
country, untrammelled by nny advertising considerations, will go n long
way towards Inducing not only French
capital to como to Canada, but will
also rosult In tho Immigration to Canada of a class who will bo a real assot
to tho country, and will Infuse Into
tho futuro composlto Canadian 'nationality an admirable element,
cialist "candidate for 'mayor. - ''Their,
employers, in many cases,, made no
bones of the matter. '"•.'.
. "For the settling of industrial' disputes, tbe British government has established ari industrial council, consisting of leading representatives of employers and the workingmen, under the
chairmanship of Sir George Rankin
Askwlth, of the board of trade.
The great dally labor paper that it
Is proposed to start'In Melbourne, Australia,* will soon be an assured fact.
About $150,000 hns been collected for
the enterprise and at the present rate
that money 16 being voted by the In-
dustrial and political organizations of
the working class the $500,000 called
for will bo raised by next summer.
i    ■     ^
"'    "A; McDougall, Mgr*
7  '    3' ■   '    '  '  '
Manufacturers of and Deal-
. ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
Cold Borcc, chapped hands, ulcori,
•nd winter oczoina nro oomiuon
troubles just now, and for all thoso,
Zam-Duk will 1>« found tho aurost
and qtiickost remedy. Somotlmos cold
soi'oe arise from chilblains on tho toos
«r lingers, and in tho formor caoo,
w.'ioro colored nocks aro worn, thoro
is a danger of foliKvl-nolsonlng from
tho dye. Znin-Iliik being ho powerfully antlnoptlc removes the danger aa
•oon as applied and quickly hen!*.
Mr. W. J. Halllilay, ot Aah Ototo,
Ont., says: "I hnd my llttlo flngw
frozen, and It cracked at tho first
joint, causing a bad sore, which dte-
chunwd freoly und would not heal
Tlio pain wns very bad, and tho wholo
of my hand beenmo owollon and in
kid ullage.
"A frlond ndvlrtod mo io try Zam-
Ttuk, nnd ! soon found that Zam-Duk
■wan oltmrnthnr dlfforAnt to nny nro*
piirntion 1 had over Tried. In a very
A.V-.'t llw Jl UuuJw] !.\>i- u'.<rv."
Mien Llllio May. ot Btoncy Creek,
Ont., says: "A few weeks since,
Mteral nasty, disfiguring cold sores
suddenly broko out on my lips, which
becamo much swollen.     Booing my
»,»,.„      ,    a~l.,    ■    ,   l.i,.„*   -.   ,   A.*   *«..
V-J..>..h.wu.i   .»    ....US.   Whitl**.**..   M'hi    l*i>    .* j
Zarn-Iiuk and loavo all other propara*
lions aside. This I did, and was much
pleased, After a fow application* ol
ibis balm, to too otery *oro boated."
Zam-Duk will also bo fotind a snrs
euro for octoma, blood-polaoo, t*H«
ooss cores, plies, scalp tart*, rln#>
worm, Uiflauiad patctes, b*M«s' «rw
Uons and cMppod placos, e«t«, tana*
brniMNt, and skin Injur!** gwiwraUr.
All druggists and storos Mil at Mo.
box, or post froo from Zam-Bnk Oo,
Toronto, upon recoipt of prtoo. V*>
tmo fcarafol fcmlUttono and WbtO*
ttttos. • •
Uso oJso Kam-Huk Soap. tie. teUaft
Boat for baby's tsndor iklal
concerned conl mining nt tho progeul
tlmo, nnd electricity in mining vtry
lnrgoly woro tho ultimate torms of
the now Coal Mines mil and the rotfiilt
of tho Conl DiiBt Commission now Hitting.    Tho Inttor was of vital Interest
to mining eloctrlral engineers, for with
coal dust supprossod and safo In ovory
part of lho mlno, oloctrlclty could bo
used without tho loast possibility'1 of
dlsiiBtor, except whoro gas was pro-
scut In lurgo quantities and In tho
high percentage required for oxploslvo
Ignition.     Kvon In this caso It could
bo mado safo If ono could hnvo confidents In attention nnd Inspection on
tho spot, but fow would bo found willing to ndvoento the uno of electricity or
any  other possible conrco  of open
finmo, whoro gas wns likely to ho present In bulk,    With rogard to cnhles
In dusty or fiery milieu  ,to bo on
tho safo sldo armouring was ndvlsnblo,
but with coal dust absent or flxod.inn-
drutouruti cabin!* wouid du equally well
In cases where mechanical damage
w»» not Immediately iwv*«ible-.    With
regard to plant In general and In vlow'
of tho now facts which had been as-
w.n.<iHJ4iti n-iiii.tniK io gun una ccml dust.
It could not be too often snld that a
widening of our knowlodgo of tho possibilities of accident was loss than use-
less unless moans woro taken, by persuasion ot those in authority, to faco
rono-KHl* or rhuni** whlrh mitito tor
certain safety.    To regularise theso
ottortH,   tho   Information   r«can!!nc
breakdowns and accidents collected by
tbo Association two yoars ago should
bo available In a convenient form for
the uso of members.    Tbo clause In
thn Conl Mints IM!1 vfe-kb tewefcod
fh*m mont oSmolf ws* t"*r# ororUlott
It has so happened that ln all ngos,
whon tho onslaved working peoplo bocomo imbuod with a strong,sentiment
to revolt against tyrannical conditions
tho privllogod classes resorted to ono
or two schemes for tho purpose of destroying tho movements that threatened to wipe out unjust conditions.
Either thoy kicked up a war and bado
tho toiling masses to go out and kill
each othor, or thoy Instructed tholr
religious zealots to go among tho popu-
laco and1 preach contentment here on
earth for tho speculative reward ot
mansions In tho skies.
quotes the opinion, of tho Commission
that at a time not, far distant the
rnto of Incronse of output would bocomo slower, to bo followed by n period of stationary output, nnd then a
gradual decline. In criticism of this
Inst opinion, I can only point to tho
Increase of consumption during tlio
lust forty yoars; tho statistics dearly
show that thoro Is no decline,In this
rate, but that on tho whole It Is increasing. And, granting thnt our ro-
sorvo woro 200,000,000,000 tons, Instead of 100,000,000.000, it i would In-
crenBO tho limit of tho duration of our
supply to about 270 years, Instead of
17fl yoars suggested In my address,
This In no way niters my argument
that tho conservation of our coal re
sorvo Is n national question, and
should nt onco claim tho nttontlon of
our legislators. Mr, McKenna Ls
mistaken in supposing that I recommend tno imrwsltlon ot a penally on
tiAAwfu" »jjtiKiiui''Cure ot energy supplies; I merely stated that that Is one
form of legislation which -would Itseoi
tho squandering of our national resources. Tho other Is tho plan of ad-
Nfcut-iiin; icrtitm w, an vuiy rnto of interest to enable reforms to bo earrled
out. and all I urge la that Immodlate
action should bo taken, for tho problem Is a complicated ono. and It will
demand tho eombtnod offorts of exports snd lotrlnlntortt tor n gflnoratton.
It was thought by many, at tho close
of tho !»)w»r* of thn Cnrt! Conimleslon,
that steps should bave b**n taken to
#n»uro continuity In Inrettliatlns; tbe
consumption of ourreaorvoa of energy;
and f again venture to urge tbat a
wmsll «etBBtlf*l<»a thtnli to tppdlnteS,
sitting-' pormnnotttly, in rarwrf to nn.f
T. L. Lewis to
the Miners
Bridgeport, Ohio, Doc. nd, 1011
To the members of tho Local Unions,
United Mlno Workers of Amorica.,
Fellow Mlno Workers,—You nro probably nwnro that I havo decided to bo
a cnndldate for International 'President of tho Unltod Mlno Workors of
America at tho coming oloctlon. You
have a right to know my position on
questions that affect your interests and
which must be considered during tho
negotiating of wago'contracts for tbo
rnmlni' v/>nr
I favor nnd p!«dgo mvself, with your
assistance, to havo our new wage contract includo tbo following:
Anthrseltt and Bituminous Mining
"i si, 'to demand and socuro an advance in wsgo.
2nd, To establish tbo eight hour day
everywhere. _ .
3rd, To establish a Mlno Run system In all bituminous districts.
tt.h. To wscuru c«iiuDt«t« recognition
of the union ln the anthracite and
other mUilug UtctUlcU.
6th. To adjust, local ItnoquallUos
w»d g«t pty tor d<Ud work.
tth. To havo wago contracts provide for an equal division of work at
ntats ovtied by tbe saint company.
7'n.  To have wmca contractu oro-
ildo for prompt and final settlement
of nil dlsputos,
No wage contract fo be signed,
either locally or by districts, In any
psrt of the country until all wage contracts are finally negotiated.
la addition to tho nbovo bearing on
our wago contracts, I favor a more uniform system of taxation at a reduced
cost to our mombors, You aro being
taxed too much undor our present
If you favor tho abovo nroposlHnns.
I would approcfate having your support to .nut them into etlect. Your
delegates to our International convention should be Instructed to adopt
ond Insist on tho enforcomont of a
policy that will mako effectlvo tho
iit,crv« oftuuinds.
You know that t am opposed to a
strike, except as a last resort. Our
right to strlko Should never be surrendered. Remember, If we must finally
strike for our rights, Let us not be
t»vM«* Lot ft bo all s«UI* or na
settlement. I am firmly convinced
that by thh method wo cuiv crguulnu
tbe non-union mining districts and
be successful, oven wltboat a strike.
Mlno workers of tbe country arouse
to tb* nteeealty of united action. Ul
\ »1'y be \ht> mlchwtftS lodoitrUl Em
ancfpn.Cfan the batcCc cry, aud ruUUt-
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay M
U? Atro I
Stanley St - Nelson
Best Family and Working man's
Hefel In Cltyr nicely furnished
rooms with B»th. Beds, 60c.
seen, masts, 48c
A Union House
Prop* i> 8. BARRATT
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
« i
V *
Lizard Local General Teamsters No,
141, Meets ovory Friday night at
8 p. m. Miners' Union Hall. W.
A Worthlngtoh, Prosldont; JS, J,
Good, Secretary. "
u«rt«na«r* locsi No. ol*; Meets itnd
nnfl lib Sunflnju' al ?.?p ^.ow. Swtv
tary 3,' A. aouplll,' Waldorf Hottf
Qlsdttone Local No. 2314 U, M. W. A.
Moots Snd and 4th Thursday Miners
Typographical Union No. B567 Meets
last Saturday in each month at tho
Ledger Office. A, J, Buckley, Secretary.
Loeal Pernio No, 17 8. P. of C. Moots
!u Winers Ualbtt Hail eva-y Huuday
at 7.48 pjn. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Bocretary-Treasurer.
United Brotherhood of Csrpsntsrs and
Jotnerfe—Local 1M0.    D, J. Evans,
rrasMcat; E*. II. QIulw, QccruUvy.
t**,*^ m>?Jt*vj"- -
flflftwemuMftir.-. ''-'v-'"'7* 's'-^ y.y*s&,^-vi.-f'i'y1--^ v*-?ys-y'A-y-iy-y*?>y ".-"■^-'■v '■?.-■>■ --^!'";c-,r*''".'-
i V     ,
,'-'.>? I
Wh& We^lsyN      for
: i Our Foreigti Brothers
r   y  .    inspruk ;   .
. V hlavnim" mfiste .Tyrol byl sken&en
miriulehb tydrie sjezd nSmeckesocialni
demokracie, z Rakouskri. Byl' bceka-
van. s napjetim. riejen odj,na§lch nSme^
■ck$ch7soudruhu, jejlcM "fiaSdy sjezd,
Jakoje tomu u ostatnlch narodnostl
t§5i so pine pozornosti, ale i od sb:
. cialistickych stran jinych ,narodu a
•cele" interna'cionaly.   - Spor mezl "se-
1 paratismem" a. centrallsmem je, dnes
nejpalelvSjSl otazkou rakouske Inter-
. naclonaly a take ve&kery zahranicnl
avet Boclallstlcky se zajmem. sledujo
.jeho prftbeh. Nemame tollk mlsta,
abychom podrobnez liiohil zejmena o
tomto bodu a ku hejvyS pozoruhbdnym
* jednotllvym referatum na sjezdu j>re-
dnesen m pronSsti svoje .mlnenl ve
avlaStnich elancich. Obmezujeme se
dnes. ria konstatovani toho nejnutnS-
-jSlho/ .-       .-,' ,"   ;
-,  S'pot5£eriim uvadime, ze hnuti sou-
- druhu nemeckych v poslednim „roce
vykazuje se znaSnym rbzmachem. - Oh
■sjezdu libereckeho,, ktery dal strane
nbvou organisafini zakladnu v politick-
'Tych spolcich, jevi se ve v&ech zemich
..vzrust organlsaci i prislusnlcku strany,
, !-Celkem, clta dnes.n6mecka strana v
,;1448*organisacich 146,623 prlsluSniky,
.3 nichz je 8558 mladeife a 16,555 Zen*.
' Oproti minulemu roku zyyiil se poCet
prislusnlkfl o 32,230. Strana^ma dries
fi denniky..a,21 politickych llstu.,.5p
,'llsty odborovych, vedeckou j-evui;. list
pro, mladez, list pro pracl vychovnou,
-, list pro abstinenty, satyricky a nekolik
7~listu sportovnicK V poslednich .vol-
bach dostala strana 'celkem. ,541,989
hlasu, a afi na mandatech'klesla o 6,
•poCet bdevzdonych hlasfl..oproti vol-
, ham poslednim je o 28,770 hlasu vysSi.
Ztratyna hlasech vykazujl se ria .Mo-
rave, v Cecbach a ve StyrskuVnejv"5t§i
■ priruste'k hlasu vykazuje Vlden.'    Ve
volbach prlspgli nSmeCtl soudnizl'fin-
"anCng I jlnym narodnostem, a" sice dos-
, tali Italov6~K 11,000, Pqlacl K 8,500,
Rusini'K 9,600, Slovinci K 3,600.   Pok-
ladni zprava od  ceryence, 1909     do
' konce 2ervna 1911, vykazuje prljem K
'524,6,89, vydoni K 51)2,627, pokl'adrii ho-
"'tovost, obnasl K 22^062. -7 Cifry7'tyto
'" svi5d6i;    Ze   n8mecka soclalnl ,'d^mo-
kracle zapouSti stale pevn6ji koreny v
massach n6meck(Sho lldu dSln^hb a jeji
sloveno bylo mrioho nazbrfl' upjatych a
1' konfusnich, krajne" z'anjatych a ries-
pravedlivych ke snaham'Ceske*ho dSl-'
nlct,va, ale zaroven bylo .zrejmo, 7 2e
jest dnes jiZ mnoho nfiraeckych soud-
ruhd, kterl mbdernSji a spravn6jl po5i-,
naji chapat dnei5ni stay a jeho priSiny.
Rada sbudriihu vyslovila nutnbst re§it
a m6nit hledlsko strany ku.harodnos-
tni otazce, vyskytli^sesoudruzi, kterl
spravne' sociallsllcky vyslovill se proti
aslmllacl a vrele ujall se-6esk6ho men-
slnovdho Skolstvi. Na sjezdii v Kod-
a'nl' byli jsme, osamocenl, zd© v In-
gpruku padla slova, jeZ davajl tuslt, Ze
problem, pro nSjZ CeSti soudruzi tak
neohroZenfi zapasi u ^doml jeho
spravnosti, pqiiina i jinde'pronlkat a
pi\3jW'. . Ziejmo tozvIaSte bylo z po-
zdravnjch re5i obou delegatfl polskych
takte*Z i z reSl- zastupcu druhych slo-
vanskych narodnostl. Ten faki. 2e
otazka narodnostnl nedase nlClm od-
debatovatl,, Ze must hytl v© smyslu
sociallstlckych nazorfl reSena,' vystou-
pil v InSprukii velml jasnS.
Resoluce Adlerova byla prljata jed-
nohlasn6; a, bylo t6Zko si predsta.vit, Ze
centralists nehudbu uznani. Ov§em,
ti, kterl chtell je mit prohlagenu za
jedin6 socialne" demokratlckou stranu,
musllf spolknout to, Ze tomu tak nenl.
Celkem vzato, je ' sjezd inspru.ckjr
krbkemku predu v riazirani na pflso-'
beni 5eskoslovanske soclalnl. demokracie ! a vyslo\nijeme" sve pevne" pres-
v5d5eni„' Ze proces tento hude postu-
povat I ria dale, aZ najdou se podminky
za nlchZ proletariat v§ech narodnostl
v Rakousku' najde plnou moZnost dale
s© vyvijeti. J mak ovSem" pro nejbll-
Zil dobu jeste Cekame, Ze nfimecti soudruzi nevzdaji se zapoCateho postupu,
proteZovani a. pomahanl oentralistflm,
v blahovSm domnfini, Zeprece na teto
ceste* sv^ho cile dosahnou. Je tb
jejich veci a must-li je§t6 nejaky 5as
a bbetl ztravlt tlm„aby dosli zde plnS-
ho zklamanl, pak nam nezbyva neZ
vyCht, aZ k tomu dojdou.
Myi k- tomu prohlaSujeme jen tolik,
Ze, z© vSech svych sll budeme hajlt
onen' smer,, kterym str-ana na§e az
dosud 61a, a odraZet stateCne „v§echny
litoky proti, nam. vedene,-v torn vg-
domi, Ze v tomto postupu leZI 'jedine
moZnost, ■ "ati'y ideje soclalnl' demokracie nalezly mezi cesk^m proletaria-
into the. producing class much befor©
January 1st.     -     .   ,    ',',"''-
As foreshadowed at the'.outset"of
the, contest,' several of the White Leghorn pens are now in the heavy-molt.
In some'pens this was causedvby too
early- hatching; hut iii three" pens this
is caused by th© fact that "the tbirds
■were laying before received at Hastings Park,-and as usual, in such cases,
they have stopped laying arid gone
into a molt. These birds have every
appearance of having Deen bed on too
rich a ration prior to,the competition.
, A full account will be published In
the "official organ of the British Columbia- Poultry Association; "The Successful Poultryman."
By Dr. Alfred Gradenwitz
The attempts from time to time to
cut trees with a wire heated '*by electricity so far have not given satisfactory results. o .7< '-
Now a, Berlin inventor, Mr. "Hugo
Gantke, has recently succeeded in designing an extremely simple device for
the mechanical felling of trees. ,Th©
trunks are cut by, ,th© friction of iin
ordinary steel wire about one millimeter in diameter (No. 18 B and S
gage), which, as showaby practical
tests, is able to saw through 'a'tree
about 20 inches ' In. diameter in six
minutes.        .7
The steel-wire", driven by an electric
motor, Is.heated so intensely by friction "on* the wood as to burn, a thin-
carbonized kerf which- is, both smooth
er arid ■• cleaner than the cut of a
saw..-- The charcoal layer adhering to
the trunk is extremely, thin and allows
th© structure'arid any disease of "the
wood to be, distinctly recognized. It ■
enables th# tree to be marked with
chalk and at the same time serves to
preserve any trunks that, mayr be left
temporarily in the woods.
Unlike other saws, this felling machine will work freely even on "the
thickest trees, without requiring any
wedges to be inserted into the cut-
for instead of any shavings we have
only ■ smoke- and steam. and■ hence
there is no danger«of the'cuts,becoming obstruced... The trees may be
cut close to the ground or, even, below
the ground as'far'dowri^'as'the beginning of th© roots will permit. In th©
latter case the "stump may be safely
left in the soil. The,electric motor
that; drives th© steel wire is placed
where it is not in danger of being
struck '"when the tree fallB. ■- ' -
:vSem soudruZskym stranam i nam po-
T)idkou, abychom ji v tomto smeru(nas-
ledovali..    , ,,",
,Z prub§hu> sjezdu uvadime nasledov-
rii: Popodani zprav funkcionaru v
_nedell a v pondell refereyal "b tlsku
soudr. Austerlitz, ktery za nejbliZSl
ukbl tisku strany v Cechach bzanacll
zalozeni denniku pro oblast Tepllcka a
Ustecka, pak 0 parlamentni Ctnnostl
podaval zpravu -soudr.. Seltz. SnaZil
ee'dokarat, Z« rozdSleni poslaneckeho
Svazu stalo se pro rejdy "separatlstfl,"
afi kaZdy dnes vi, Ze nSmefitl,soudruzi,
kterl saml s rozd81enlm prlSll, udelnli
krok hodnfi xikv'ai^n). '
Vute'ry odpoledne   zahajeno   bylo
nejduleZite'jsl jednanl sjeftdu.    O port-
eru nemecke soclalnl demokracie   k
bratrsWin stranam promluvll   soudr.
dr. Viktor Adler.    V refil trl hodlny
trvajlcl hledol ozrejmlt prlfilny kon-
fllktu s nasi stranou a vSecky nas-
lcdky, "fioskCho soparatlsmu," jojZ vo-
.bomcntni5 zntracoval,    OznnCIl za nos-
pravnd zhloZenl novo strany contrails-
tlcko, nlo nutno jl dnes uznat., ,No-
muZo vfiak nlktorak souhlaslt a navrhy
nby proniBsony byly styky s ceskoBlo-
vanskou soclalnl domokrncli, neb Za-
dano vyloufioni jeji 7, Intornnclonnly.
Uznnl naprostou nutnost nnrodnostne
snmoBtAtnych  soclnlnfi domokratlcky-
oh strnn v Rakousku julco rosultnt
fakta, Zo v Rakousku vodlo sobe mamo
, narodnostl, litoro" stojl  na  hlstorlcko
pfido v nfinl polltlckd strany .nomuZo
pry vfiak odpovldat narodnostnl rozfilo-
n&nl odborovych orennlsacl.    SJodno-
ccnc cclkov6 stranc odpovhla jodnotna
od horo vii orgnnlsacc.    Ko koncl sv6
rofl nnvrhl soudr.    Adlor ve smyslu
pronoikind reel rosolucl, v nIZ zilfiraz-
" nujo so nulnost wozlnarodnllio somk-
niitl soclnlnfi domokratlckd strnny, od-
fluzujl flfimostatnft eesk6 orRanlsaco a
mnavn strana CoHkych centrallstfii
Vo strodu po coly don vodona byla
ftlva dobnta 0 tomto prodmClu.    Vy-
ky D61nik.
V     '    CONTEST
- The International Egg Laying .Contest, under the joint auspices of' the
British Columbia Poultry Association,
Vancouvor Exhibition Board' and the
Provincial  Government. " '-
, First monthly .record,;sOct. 20th.tb
November' 20th,
Class I;       "'     '   " , .
"White' Leghorns
Pen,, 2
Pen 3
Pen 23
Pen , 4
Pen 19
Pon 8
Pen, 18
Pen' 14
Pon , 5
Pon "10
Pen, 13
Eggs laid
....   32"
to'use a portable power-plant consisting of a 10 horse-power gasoline motor
and'dynamo which may be installed,
temporarily in a central location. A
flexible cable may connect the dynamo with the felling machine which can
be readily transported and operated
by one man.      > -   '    •
- An important" advantage of the new
method arises from the absence of
any waste, the' cut only two millime-.
ters'(0.079) inch-in thickness being
perfectly smooth and' level, whereas
axes and saws are bound to injure the
trees ot a considerable extent.—Scientific American. , '   •      /
(Ed;—Inventions, such as the above,
should be-a' very interesting study' for
the lumberjack. He may have the
thought flitter through his upper
stope, "Where dol get off?" The answer to this is that he is- not given
the slightest consideration whea. ari
economy can be effected. The only
reason he Is employed is because his
labor, power was a saleable article,
but if it can be obtained cheaper by
the introduction of machinery, thou it
will be used, because lumber corporations are not in business for health
nor for that matter is any- other :n-
dristry carried on for sentimental reasons. Expressions of sympathy may
be sbower©d upon those thrown out of
a" job arid even perhaps a fund established for the building.and furnishirig-
of a "Home for- indigent, and aged
lumber workers" by philanthropically
disposed lumber magnates. The, corner ston© may 'beylaid with fitting
ceremonies, thereby furnishing ^excellent copy' for some.newspaper man to
dilate upon the goodness of heart of
moneyed men. This is not intended
as an argument against the introduction of- labor-displacing machinery by
any means. We merely point out the
effect such inventions have upon the
labor market, with the hop© that those
who' are, affected may put on. their
thinking caps and-' ask themselves
what is-tbe remedy? Every machine
that eliminates waste energy-by its
"utilization is only hastening the ,day
when mankind will grasp, the impor-,
tance of, controlling the tools,of production arid distribution for" the benefit of society as a whole, and not as
at present — to the advantage of a
few and the detriment of the many.
The skimmer, of things will content
himself with "Oh, they'll find other
jobs!" and7 dismiss the subject, yet
th© increased unemployment- noticeable everywhere, although the volume
of trade is Increased, should be food
for thought"to'ithbse desirous of taking a' look below the surface.. -> The
remedy7for_existing_evils lies in the
; /;/"/■*---"'H
self much' more rapid than hand-labor,
a further acceleration is "derived from
the ;absence of /any intervals of < rest
between two cuts., As a new 'piece
of steel wire. costs. but a few cents
Is.taken for each cut, there is1 no loss
of time due to th© sharpening of
saws, etc, Only one man is required
to operate tho machine as against two
men working with hand saws, arid tho
larger the tree the higher is the 'relative cutting-speed.
When electricity is not immediately
available, It can be generated by any
existing steam or water plant, It
may frequently bo found advantageous
ownership of th© machine; mankind
have to choose either to be under the
machine or in control and these labor
displacing devices ■ are of incalulable
educative benefit in emphaszing this
fact. -We.7saywith.all sincerity "Let
th© good,w;o'rkgb on, let the machine
do the work and man develop his
hlgher'arid- better self, not b© slnrnly
on a par with steel rails, cedar posts,
barb wire, i. e., a commodity." That
this will be achieved through abstractions .we, do not for one moment believe, but through the Introduction of
labor saving machinery forcing the
truth upon him.)
Trade Unionism
As it is in Turkey
Twelve pens havo not started to lay
yet.    '
Class II. Eggs laid
Pon 40   Sllvor,   Lacod   Wyan-
dottes ,,.,....'.,.. 35
Pori 34 White Wyamlottos ... 8
Pen 33   Rhode Island Rods ...     7
Pon 35   13nrred Rocks1      1
Ton 37   Barred Rocks ■      1
Pon 39. Buff Orpingtons    ,1
Ten ponB havo not laid yot. ,
Pon tomporaluro: Highest C2 dogs.;
Lowest, 19 dogs; Avorago moon torn-
peraturo,39-40 dogs.
Avorago prlco received for oggjs,
72ViC per dozen, " Rain fell on ten
days, Six Inches of snow fell on tho
flth Nov., nnd 12 Inches on November
12th. Tho weight of snow on wlro
nottlng caused tho supports to glvo
way, and much dnmngo waB done,
Thoro wero no cnsoB of frost blto,
Bovoral hens, notably pons, 0, 21,
22, 26, 27i 28 nnd 30 consist of Immn-
turo pullets, and those will not como
List of Locals District 18
,.'J, NAME SEC, snd P. O. ADDRE08
20 llankhoad ..,,,..,, P. Wheatloy, Bnnkhoad, Alta.
481 Heaver Crook P. GaiiRhton, Reaver Crook, via Plnchor
' 43t nolloviio. J. Tturko, "Oollovuo, Frank, Altn.
J1C3 Blairmoro  R, J, Clin so, ninlrmoro, Altn,
940 Ilutrmls Jos. Dorbyshlro, Ilurmls, Altn.
«»«       fl    ,V 1    ll n     TT,   l«.M      f.      1      .    1    > f.   ,      '    . ..'      111.
V,?,"?,7 CftWUff  .""". "Priolft, Cnrrtlfr, Mtn.
1878 Cnnmoro N. T). Thnchuk, Cnnmoro. Alta.
SG33 Colomnn W. Graham, Colomnn, Alta.
2877 Corbln...    R. Jones, Corbln, B. O.
1120 Chinook Mlnos .... Wm. Forsyth, Diamond City, Alta,
S314 Fernio Thos. Uphill,' Fornlo, D. O.
1263 Prank O, Nlcol, Frank, Alio.
2407..Hosmer W, Balderstone, Hosmor, B C.
I0!i8 Hillcrest  J. O, Jones, Hillcrest, Alts.
074 Lethbridge... L,Mooro,P,O,Box 113,Lothbrldgo
tlSO Lethbrtdfo Colllorlos Frank Barlnubnm, soc, via., Klpp, Alta.
1233 Lille W. I* Evans, Llllo, Prank, Alta
1829 Mnpto Loai M. (Hlday, Maple Leaf, Belle rue, Alta.
2331 Michel  M, Bun-ell, Michel, TJ. C.
14' Monarch Mlno,.,, Horace Woodlold, Tabor, Alta.
1352 Paastmra; Robt. Evans, Passbnrjr, Alta.
ISSft Royal Vlow Thos. B. Flshor, Roys! Colllorlos, Uthbrid**, Alia
19C.» Tabor A. PattwttD, Taber. Alta.
102 Taber J. Cooper, Taber, Alta.
■ 2388 Lndysmltti J. .1. Taylor, tadysmlth, R. O.
2299 Roro*rland P#t«r MeWInn, flamotland, D. C,
872 Wellington....... Thos, Harrol, Wellington, 13. C.
2155 N'SBlano... Jack Place, Nanaimo, a C.
Tho'Bplrlt of indepondonco initiated
whon tho Young Turk party camo Into
powor has recently been finding vent
in strikes In various Industrial centres
round Turkey.    Tlio British Chnmber
of Commorco at Constantinople gives
It as Us opinion that tlio situation
which originated moroly with the question of support in times of distress,
will roqulro govomment attention before long.   "Alroady Buch quostloiiB ns
rights of natlvo workers, prlco and
hours of day labor havn affoctcd tho
mlndH ot tho populace, and for tho
first tlmp In tho history of tho trade
movomont In Turkoy, wo havo t>oon n
con gross of tho tobacco mnkors of tho
omplro .when twonty-bno delegates ro-
presented 37,000 workers,   Thoso ro-
prosontotlvo camo not only from Mac©-
donla, Drama and  8orroB, but also
from Latakla, SnmBoun and Constantinople, and tho workmnn-llko mimnor
In which thoy mot and passed resolutions showed that thoro must lio somo
tblnklnjf heads jrulddnlg thorn,    Wo
cannot hut sympathize with Bomo of
their resolutions, such ns tho restriction of child labor, tho restriction ot
juvonllo fomnlo labor, and sweating,
bocauso wo havo scon tlio conditions
under which tho factories nt Brusa
work whoro no Rovornmont law pro-'
tocts tho worker.    Thero Is a probs.-
1   tVlv    11..)    nti»ltn»   .-.,,C-■C,-,r?.,."   'T.   Ct^C""
ImWhofl of trnrt> vt\\\ follow, Wo un-
dorstand that th<* masons nnd Iiouro
carpenters havo formod a union, To
them tho quostlon ot pay Is not of
much Importance, because thoro Is so
trrftit n rtomnnrt foi- f>il« 'Mam nf Inhnr
that thoy can always got tholr price;
but what Is going to happen sflion lator thoro Is a scarcity of worV, and a
Greek, or an Armenian It a "lilncklog"
In the oyos ot tbe union and takes
work at a lower ratof Tlio bakers'
nnd minors" hands tiro nt prosont out
on strike, and ono of tholr demands Is
a day's holiday wooklyl
"Tho guild syatom which has b«cn
prevalent In this empire for, wnturic*,
ar<d which Is a continuation of tho old
Roman aystom ot guilds, Is natural to
tho pooplo; it Is Immaterial to know
lb* numbers ol *ach imlld; but ihM»
SBceoss Is so far a powerful, tmpulso to
tho union, which has hlthdrto animal-
«d their HMttbers.    Tbe* havo be«n
holplod towards success by' tho In
crease of business, nnd by the short-
ago ot labor owing to the demands
made by the government for rocrults.
Wo rofor to this question, because
thero has boon no nttompt up to tho
present on tho part bf tho Turkish
government to consider any factory or
labor laws."—-The I.anco, Toronto.,
A   B. C. Newspaper Insists That the
Gold Territory Would be Greatly
Benefitted Through It
Vancouvor, Doe, I.—A unique proposal Ih lulvnncod hy tlio Phoenix Pioneer, In tho form of a resolution for
consideration at tlio fifth annual convention of tho British Columbia Con-
sorvatlvo Association, which was hold
In Now WostniliiKtor recently; tho
resolution In off'oct says;
"Tho tlmo Ih now opportune to urge
upon tho Canadian government doslr-
ability of annexing to British Columbia tho wholo Yukon torrltory,"
Supporting HiIh resolution Tho Pioneer »nys:
"A sufficient oxcuho for this resolution st tho undoubted resiliency of British Columbia mining lawn and their
administration compared with scandalous MiHiivuti iiciviut'uiu lu vtitfutf iu
lho YuIluu, ;.\vliil'ia thai hnvo 1>jx<u/,'1jI
tho blush of shnmo to thousands of
Canadians. It may bo further unfed
thnt tho Yukon will procood by leaps
and hounds onco It Is onnoxod to Brit-
  T     • .... I       » 1
pletlon of tho Panama canal is certain
to dnublo tho riches and Importance
or British Columbia, within n fow
»T*r« ot Ohio, cm (.» "Xiaxuj. t..
Lixm iMWTf. fM#
r«iv* j. CKtwtr nukcr Mth ihtt U l* trr,\m
Liiliicr of ifi* Sfm "I P. •'■ <*nrMr A Oi.. iimm
fnitlnrw tn U* Olf *l Totrtft, IVMMlf w»d HUU
ifMMttM, ttitl th»t Mid Arm will ptjr Ut Mim ol
CHB Hl'NIlRV.n IKH.t^IUJ tar l»t» MS »«fT
«• nl c*Titm itut «m»m t>« ruriM vr u» vm t*
tlllV* cut,*** cv»c
8w«fc u tator* im wd iubwii)k4 fct »f m«*««.
itU till (toy ot IMHwmtxr, A.!»,. till.
KOT4«f ItMK.
ntll't CsUrrTi O-iu 11 Utrti fnf«fuSr ir>4 trtt
HmOf «pon la* Uwxi M4 muttmt taunt* ot IM
tnli-tti.   Iwit tar 1(«ltmmli|t, frw.
v i. aii.sr.Y * co.. Toindo, w
.VI4 bf »» tWMtrttt*. Sir.
tut Hut* r»st..f tvu t*i HMttfuu*.
Cf Advertising that advertises is the
sort desired by persons seeking
publicity for their wares.,     .
CJfSelecting the medium is important—^the publication that reaches
the people — the wage-earners—
should appear to the discriminate
purchaser of space.
If Its an easy, matter to acquire
space in a paper but its another
point to get, adequate returns from
the outlay. "
' '-'*1
-...,' I
are the ads that change often and;
^make interesting reading from time
to time, giving facts and figures.
Cf Any arrangement of type matter
o and Ayords in a paper is not advertising. A well written and neatly
;displayed ad is a source of information that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your business with the use of Printers Ink.
Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through .
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and whon you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
Cf Let the new comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
Cf The District Ledger lias the
largest circulation in the Pass and
should bo your special medium to
tell your weekly story. Just try:-
can't tell until you try.
,SC >      > >-(■
.,»V"   *!
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger wmmmmmm
<?.*:- ..'r-«M
^''^"a.^'-'^ty I'^r."
qwv1,^1'1 j-jV
■ • - v"=v --
•;7:    - 7. "'■ y   •'- 7y7 • •'•:'■ *7^'Ms*y-^7f^x?:c* 'y^-p;
Trading Company; Ltd.
, The Store of Good Values
Pearl ITavdwater Laundry Soap, 15 bars for  '25c.
.   Suulight and Lifebuoy Soap,"6 bars for ..    25c.
..Colgate's Toilet Soaps, per box  . 30c..
Lighthouse Cleanser, 3 for .\ ..    25c.
Sapolio         10c,
"Meat of Wheat, 2 pkts for !..    25c.   "
Oglive's Cream .Rplled Oats, per pkt '   s  10c.
Soot Destroyer, 2 pkts for  '... '.    25c 7
(,' Old Dutch" Coffee, 1 lb. tins     40c.
Imported "Water Biscuits, per tin     40c .•,
Sherriff's Jelly Powders, 4 pkts for'..:......    25c.
C. and B,-T lb. tins jam '..;,..'.. .".*..    15c-
5 lb. tins Sweeping Compound '.-.:.',..'.    25c. '
-Canada First Cream, large 20 oz. tins, 12 for   $1.00
. Imported Herrings, Tomato Sauce, 2 for     35c.
Imported Kippered Herrings, 2'for     35c. '
■ 1 lb. Jars Honey -.7 '     30c.
■Whole-Wheat-Flour, 10 lb. bags ']....    40c. .
Graham Flour, 10 lb bags .-..'   40c.
Rye Flour; 10 lb. bags .'. '- ...... 7    40c.
10 lb. tins Table' Syrup  .*..'     50c.
' Fancy Cleaned Currents, 2 pkts'for ..'. 7  25c. .
Fancy Seeded Raisins, per1 pkt     10c.
' Fancy Sultanas, 2 pkts ......:..   ,25c. -
LeniDii and Orange Peel, 2 lbs. for ........   25c.
"  New Dates, 1 lb. pkls , "...'.'.   10c.
"; Fancy Cooking Figs, per lb' '     10c.
Table Raisins, 2 lbs: for     25c.
WHITE SILK WAISTS, : Special $1.95
■Ladies' White Silk Waists, made from heavy
Japanese Silk,- some trimmed with Valencies Insertion on Sleeves and Yokes.    Medallion fronts -, bth-- .
ers Embroidered Fronts and Insertion, with either 7,
long or three-quarter sleeves, ■   Sizes 34'to 42.   '
Saturday Special ........ $1.95
-    Ladies':-Colored Tucked Taffata ,Silk Waists;
these are made from a fine, shear Taffata in navy,''
brown, taupe, rose.and black.
Saturday Special ..'. '. $2,25   '   '
J, FLANNELETTE SHEETS, Special, per Pair $1.45 '.
- - Colored Flannelette Sheets, made from a heavy  '
quality Flannelette in large double bed size, in grey. ;
- or white with pink or blue borders.    7
-' -° -    Saturday Special $1.45*.
the. isis
; "Patrons of this populaV. moving picture, house Jbave' been treated to some
excellent views during the week, arid
judging'- from "the"- programme' of tonight  and', to-morrow- (matinee ra'nd
evening-)  something even' better will
he seen.  '. fret only has' Mr. "Miller,
the genial proprietory taken pains' to
show the public views of interest and'
amusement; but "his endeavors are also
to prove to the Fernie public that moving pictures can, lie also educational.
With this end in view he is making arrangements to show .shortly' pictures
■wliich wiR, be ".of ""special interest to
children. ' The\ Isis, also takes great
pains in chosing films which are clean*
and,neat, so that the most sensitive
cannot be offended at anything 'seen
in that hall: • The pictures shown during the week were: "Avery's Dream/;
"The Couer de Lyons," "The Squatter's
(Daughter," "Caleno arranges" for   a
Hunt,"    "In-   Commissioned  Rank's,"
"Red Devils," "Idyll of the 18th Century," "Love's' Eyes." ' '   -
To:night   and   to-morrow, matlinee
and evening, the programme will be:'
"The„Return of Company D." Bellini's
splendid opera,"Norma," "Scenes from
tho Norman Invasion of Great Britain,"
(a great chance for old country plugs
wliose" ancestrial line dates back from
this period to recognize some of 'em!)
"The Dramatic Romance of Norma the
High Priestess," "The Golden Rule,"
"Austin.Pa., Flood."
(Continued from,page7ij
',    ■ ■ ■ -       .- Jl	
was moved,by,Michener; (Red-Deer),'
the leader of ,the Opposition. " ; '
,-'On the-resumption of the. debate,
Micbener took*the opportunity to score
the government • upon tlie meagre bill
of fare provided in the"speech from
the'throne; 'lie scored.the-government .for the lack of detail. in' the
speech, and concluded a speech of one
hoursv duration by moving an amendment censuring the government for. not
giving {he house .fuller details regarding the railway policy. Premier-Sifton (the. hu'mari. sphinx)' replied.     In
that Mr. Harmour, a 'paid official/of,
the- government of the'telephone de-'
partment, who is in receipt of a salary
of ,$3,000,-'.was, 'during,the] recent by-
elections in the "southern part'of the
province,- organizing for;, the. Liberal
party, ,whilst-receiving "salary i for his
provincial duties".* That, according to
the speaker, was a''shame, and an insult to the people; that their- money,
should be used'for ;the purpose of or-'
ganizing the Liberal. party."-/ In "con-
elusion he had .much-pleasure iri-seconding the amendment"' bf' his colleague the hon:. member ,'for.\ Red'Deer. '
C. M. O'Brien'introduced ia-bill-re-'
specting the payment of .wages fortnightly. It was";. read' the', {Irst't time
arid will receive ■ its1'second
on .Thursday.-,  .       -.'"•■
- reading
tvi.nv' ™„,i   *     «    ,       """u»"t>  ui  cago will take borne 70 ™>r ™>nf nt
tiunk roads for the benefit, of home-
.,» • (, - ,   ,,
Here and There
The regular monthly tea given-by
the Ladles' Aid Society of the Metho-
. dlst Church will be held at the homo
of Mrs. Bonnell on Tuesday, December
12, from 3 to 6 p.m. \
The monthly tea of tho Ladies'
Guild of Christ Church will be held
at tho home of Mrs* Pearson .on Wednesday, 13th., at 3.30 p.m. All welcome.
Mr. W..D. "Wing, chartered accountant, of Lethbridge, is on a business
trip to the city, a guest at the Fernie.
The ifrst 'ice carnival of "the season
Will bo heid.in the Skating Rink, on
Monday evening next.
Judge Peter Wilson, of Cranbrook,
county court judge, has forwarded his
resignation to the Minister of Justice.
- A United Press despatch says that a
dozen army officers are'mapping but
Londori from a .military point of view,
in .anticipation of another general
strike .»• The authorities are convinced that England is due for a" long
period of-industrial unrest, and they
propose to be better prepared for the
next outbreak- than they were for
the last one. At that-time, when it
became, necessary to distribute' 30,000
troops throughout" the city there was
considerable confusion and loss, of
time... Now all1 the strategic points
are being noted and plans made for
rushing soldiers from place to place
as they, are needed.- If it were admitted that the war office was engaged in such-a work, there would be a
great outcry, against militarists, so
the army officers -ostensibly have
merely been lent to the police department, which pretends'to have the matter in'hand. It- is said that'other,
cities'will "soon receive similar "attention.' y '_
(E,d.—Most excellent!     It is abso-
lutely - necessary that every precau-
tion.should be taken to herd-the mob.
London possesses many convenient
spots where'an unruly mob could be
"cooped up, and, lif necessary a few
rounds "of ball cartridge would, have
a most "beneficial" effect! But the
"best laid plans of mice and "men," etc.,
and if ono Is to judge from-the. recent
by-elections in Great Britain, there will,
be such changes In tho present const!-'
tuted House of Commons as to necessitate a" slight.adjustment in these
plans.)       '•
v Miss Blanche Beckwlth, of Prosque,
lBle,',Mc., pissed through the'city on
Monday last en routo for Sunnysido,
Wash,, where she will bo on an extended visit to her undo, Mr. Frank Morrlsi
A meeting of the Fernie Rod and
Gun Club will be held on Tuesday even-
ing noxt at 8 o'clock at H. W. Horch-
mor's office A full attondnnco of
members is requested, and nil thoso
Interested in sport gonorally nre cordially Invited to he prosont.
Alderman and Mrs. Roblchnud loft
on Monday evening for an oxlondcd
trip East, when thoy will visit Que-
hoc, Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal,
Wo understand thnt Alderman Ttnhl-
chnud hnH decided to riccopt nomiiiii-
lion at tlio forthcoming,municipal oloc
A thousand Scottish flslmrmnn do.
moiiBtrntod recently nt Yarmou'h to
ui'Ko tho Kovornmont to Ri-ni.t loaiiii
on cony to ■ in in onablo tlfcin lo put
motors Into li-elr nnll/ij; bantu, or to
nc-i'ilio B'f<nm drlflorii, wlrhrmi, which
tho herring fishing qnnnot any lonncr
bo profitably onrrlod on,   '
The Cburf of Revision for the city
voter's list will sif in tho City Council
Chamber on Monday evening-next at
8 o'clock.,
Yesterday the output nt the Conl
Creek mines was 2,300 tons. This is
not up to normal conditions yet,
The average before tho strlko was
about 3,000 tons, but somo days it went
up as high aB -1,000.
John Tlaggnloy takes this opportunity of thanking his many frlonds for
their kind cxproHslonn of sympathy In
his recent lioreuwmont,
All Modem Woodmen nro roquoatcd
to nttond tho noxt camp mooting to
bo hold on Monday, tho nth, at 8 p.m.,
for tho purpoHO of «loctlng officers
for tho coming year. Mooting to bo
hold In tho K. of P, Hall
Tho caso of nn infraction of iho
Jtollor Inspection Act by, Hnrvoy
Ilrown at tlm Power Hoimo,
brought on behalf of tho 1'rovlnpln!
Government by "Innpoctor Alexander
Sutherland wan deponed of on Wednesday, Nov. 22nd, by Htlpondlnry Ma«-
Utralo Alexander Imposing a fine of
$iut/ .tiiii lObiM upon ooui parties. W,'
& Law ft Utoft, l,.(i,f uilll' ,u,u;,|oii,i|il, '
took up the matter upon a uttttcd or
tout cniio.
Mayor Hloamloll Is in receipt of n
wlro from tho Mliilntnr of AKrlnulturo
nt Oltawn, 'informing him that tho ro-
vised official figures of tho populnton
of Iho city of Fornlo m 3,14G, This
doos not IncliKln Fornlo "Went"or the
Annex, It will bo romomborod thnt
tlio first IfKiiroa «!v«n wovo 1287.
Tlio total populiiilon of Kornlo Is ob-
llmntod nt nbout 0,000.
I'otor L Scott, recontly with tU
iiu hi oi McUoniiW itroB., blAckHinirtis
nnd wheelwriRhtH, lcnvoH thin week
1 for Vancouvor, where ho Intends io
MHOclnto himself with Angim McDon-
nldf Ilkewlsb formerly with McDonald
Ilroa, An oxcollent location haa bcon
Kolortnl nnnr ihwtlmw Stroct, v;lw-re
n Bhop oqulppod with tlio mont up-to-
Unto mnrblncry U belli* Iu»ull«d.
Tlw new firm 1ku tlio be«t wishes of
tholr many frlr>nd», and it Ik with ro-
«TOt that tlm members of tho City
Flro Ilrtffado and tho Dnnclng Ab-
iwmbly not the dtpa/turo of "Poto"
who hn* b/vn nrfiroly couuecttd v.lth
both Inntltutlonn. 7
Tho death occurrod on Monday last
of Mrs. Mary Ann DnBRfiloy, wlfo of
John nngRiiloy, of thin city. Tho do.
conned wnn Hiifforlnpr for nomo tlmo,
hut tli** end wn<» jv>nc/«ful Thr> fy**
nil took place from tho undortnkor'i
onlnbllBlimont on Wodnoadny afternoon
n Inrgo nttondnnco IjoIiir prosont. Slio
Ih mourned by hor husband nnd two
A careful study of the best available
evidences suggests tliat In a normal
year' one-half of the adult' malo wage-
on'rnors .east ot thb Rockies arid north'
of tho Ohio got less than five hun-
died dollars each, and three-fourths
of thorn less than six hundred dollars;
whllo three-fifths of tho adult fomalo
wage-earners got loss than threo hundred mid twonty-flvo dollars, This
calculation embraces an Immense mini
bor pf persons — literally millions.
Tlio sums named do not rop'rbsent
a decent' living for free nnd Indus-
trloiis Inhabitants) of tho richest coun-
try Iii tho world in a prosperous tlmo.
Unquostlonably, na a gonornl stato-
mont, wages ought to bo higher; but
whoro  Is  Lho  additional, monoy  to
como from?
Somo Industries that pay tho lowest
wngos yield only a morlor/itn rntnrn
upon llio cniiltal omployoil; and If tho
prlco of tho products Is enhanced In
ordor that wagos may bo Incrcnsod
what will tho pooplo who.alroady complain of high prices say to that!
Thoro Is a Ihiro maladjustment horo.
SoclnllslH think thoy know how to euro
II. but thoy nro only n Imndful and
other pooplo prefer tho (IIhorho to tholr
Cortnlnly compotltlon Is not tho euro
for compotltlon UBiially |r tho cnuso of
low wagon nnd low roturn upon tho
capital. >
One point Is clear: If a gront num.
her of Industrious people aro unablo
to get n docont living in normally
prospermia tlmea, na n country wo n»o
at 111 conslrternbln of a fnlhiro.--E<lliar-
Inl, flriturdoy Kvonlng Post.. <
steaders., For this work, 'he,, said,
notice of a bill was laid before the
house yesterday, to provide for $l,000r
000 for the construction of roads and
bridges. ..The details of .the railway
policy as',outlined by the Premier is
as, follows; , ,'
Railways Proposed by Premier Sifton:
1. ;Fro'm Edmonton to Grande Prairie:   •   ■' - -
2. From , Athabasca -Landing   to
Peace, River Crossing. -     -    ,    t
. '3. From Athabasca Landing to Fort
McMurra'y, with branch to Lad la
Bidhe. y".. ■ -7 .'.' - <■; '
„j 4' Prom.Edmonton around the north
shore of the Saskatchewan river to a
point on' the eastern boundary of ■ the
province in the vicinity, of Cold Lake.
-.5. ,From, Bruderheim running east
and north of-the C.N.R. main line to
range 5, and^then to the, southern boundary of the province between ranges
5 arid 6;     -. ,
6. 'A continuation of the Peace River line and,the line already arranged
for between Camrose and Strathcona
down to the eastern- boundary bf the
province to-meet the line coming up
■Regina and -Winnipeg, thus making
the .shortest'- line' between the three,
capitals of the three provinces, continued on to the Grande Prairie.., ';,
'7. A ln'e from Strathcona rurining
just south of the Saskatchewan river
to a point,seventeen or eighteen miles,
west of "the. C. & E. railway", thence*-
south -to the, neighborhood of. Pincher
Creek at'.an, average distance of three
townships west of the C. & E. railway.
;< 8.. A line', from the Stettler-Bra-'
zeau^line, starting at a point eighteen
miles east of, the C. & E. railway and
running south',to meet the Goose Lake
cago will take borne 70 per cent of
the Armour,- scholarship awards and
the chief "judging 'trophies "of tho International Live Stock Exhibition.
Airnngomonta have boon made for a
commemoration »crvlc*. on tho occasion of thn anniversary of thoso who
font thol rllvou in tbo Uellovuo disaster,
on Sunday, nocombor 10th, In tho
aocialUu' Hnll, Hcllevuo, I»r*»«irtent
Powell will bo one of tho speaker*.
«.. cnsi rcn ULN t
Finest building botwrou Leihb.'idet
nnd Pernio, locntod at Illllcrpst, Alta.,
tho property of Locnl lOr.s. TlulMfnir
80-x 33, with concroto foundation;
iilnfim/int>  ,1(1 v oo      t   ..  i      ,
forrod. This Is a splendid opportunl-
ty for any ono. Tho coal compnny
hero aro now ancndlnK a big sum on
dovolopraent work.
Full pnrtlculara from tho oecretary,
Ilecordlng Secy,
llllIercRt, Alta,
line into Calgary at a point near Swallow vale,-,-riorth of tlie main line of "the
C. P. R.,    7:   ,
, The Premier did not, state in'his
speech whether these railroads were to
to built as government roads or under
charters-of other companies.     It'is
not probable that this programme will
be built'as government roads or under
tended over a number of years.
, TVeedie (Calgary) C, in continuing
the de'ate, said in part:     The Conservative party stood for true democracy.
Government of the people by tho people, and for the people, and not for the
autocratic government' of a -despotic
premier.    In reply, to" the railway policy as outlined In,tho speech from
tho throne, he still maintained, as did
tho leader of the opposition, that the
premier had not gven any details as
to when and how, or whero tho money
was'to  bo obtained,to build these
roads.     Ho referred to tho conflsca-
lory legislation of tho government in
regard-to tho Alberta and Great :\V,i-
torwnys Railway Company, and had
bo, as oil Individual; commlttod such
an act, ho would have been subject
to tho criminal code, and branded as
a thlof, .  Thb railroads of the past
havo been built for tho benefit of tho
Liberal party and he wnntod'to know
why the A, and Q. W, R. was not con-
Btniclod.'   Tho proBont railway policy
as announced hy the premier Is lo bo
usod as a tool to wold ■ together   the
loyal and liiBii'rgont fnotloiiH - of tlio
Liberal  porty, for example, rn.n bo
told thorn when tlioBo roads will bo
built, as ho told us who will Runrnnloo
tho bonds, or what tho amount of tho
bonds will bo or who will build tlieno
rondB.    Thoro nro, ho Bald, nineteen
twentieths of tho oloolora of tills pro.
vlnco who aro not In flympnthy  with
his policy of Bphlnx-llko Bllonco upon
the  affair of Iho provlnco,     Tlio
premier, In Bcathlnir forma, had do-
ftlorod that ho did not connldor It IiIb
duty to glvo Information to tho preaa
prior to his declaration of policy to
thlii legltiliitiiro.- Thut, coiitlnuoil llio
hon. member, Is absurd, olnoo    tlio
press la tho nccopioil and only modlum
whereby wo enn obtain news of tlio
momont and lay our-views boforo the
pooplo.    Tlo donlarbrt that tho proBn
was entitled to nowa flra,t hand; that, It,
wnn nn Institution which had taken
centuries to upbuild, nnd declared that
ll ^.to <.o»tii.wy io progressive thought
lo rmm\v »«, w-ew J,j  Ifo),, ||„ui,wr
adopted by tho promlor.
Tho govomment wns criticised ln
iWe have received the following from
a  subscriber in  the Land o' Cakes'"
and we must confess to" a'slight suffusion of the cheeks.when we perused
its contents.'' We gave it to the operator to set,' and instructed him to
place a border around same, but he
declared, that we had not"one "deep
enough." ,   However, 'should you "see
any member of our staff walking down
the street, do liot imagine that what
you see^s'the reflection of a glorious
sunset,  Its' just  a blush",that \won't
come off!   Well,'.here it is7    *    /
--,,-'   "Arbroath,'Scotland.    -
'   7 - : ■   '   ; '       .  Nov. 3rd, 1911.
'■   ."Dear Sir—The copies'  of   'District Ledger' containing-my stories'
to hand, and I" enclose, a "few other's
for exclusively for your paper. - ■<
"I inust congratulate you on the
get-up- of the' 'Ledger.'     I showed
a copy of the paper to a leading advertiser in' this country,'and. he told
me there "was nothing to equal it in
Scotland.". "In such a paper,' he'^ebn-
' tinued; 'with the- admirable display.
< type-and printing equal,,'-to a Londori magazine)' I reckon any adver-"
User- who ■" takes , advantage  of - ks
columns'is sure to double his'trade."
"From a journalistic point of view
the 'Ledger' beats Scottish-and" English papers to a ,'fraz'zie.' -, ';
y   . Yours sincerely'; \, '""."   -
''%,     ,"'• '-' D. W. GREWAR."
"The ' Editor,    'District "Ledger,'
_£_Eernlo,nn "    •-- - .   •■    .,.-■-,
.The price-of every garment iii* our "stock" 1ms
been cut to the extreme limit. Do not consider
the making up of Dresses for the prices quotccl-.at
this'sale will not exceed the actual cost bf the material.   ■".        •     . , ' .'.-"«'.
., -, i
- At 656.—Wrapporotto Dresses in Navy shYdes'"for  f     [ }
ages 1 to 4 years.   «. . ;   tt "  "'      7 7
- At 85 and 95c—Por ages 3'to'6 years ;very nicely
,   made in shades of blue ^nd shepherd's checks: .
At $2.80.-rfAU -wool Serge Dresses in Sailor Blouse
effect: nicely, braided. '. Colors/-navy and\car-
"„   dinal.   -For girls from' 6 to 12 years.
At $2.75—Middy Suits, Navy'Blouse with .Tartan"
Skirt; a-very effective kittle dresslCor'agcs 4 to
; , 8 years: '     '      ',      "■■- "" ', ^     7.. '' ."". ,s       ;   ..-
At $3.20.—One piece-dresses-for girls from 8 to:12.''
years';, prettily made ^ in' combinations of Shep'-'JJ
herd's checks .and plain materials '    ' '
$3.40 to $3.80—One-plecc Serge Dresses in browns, »
- Cardinals.and navy; suitably trimmed with folds : J
of tafata and braids, a very serviceable' school
Dress for girls from 8 to' 14 years. -      .'..'.-
A few odd sies in Cashmere and'Velveteen Dress-'
es at just' half price..        "-' '   ' '' .     7
,   Our'sale of Women's and Children's Coats still
continues; every garment "is included.-" . - - 7
;Fancy, goods, and Toys in Carpet Department,"
, Second Floor.  .  -i0-      •   .y.    ._     . -    ~  . " ,-.
See our Grocery Specials "for Saturday.-' •
. ■ (Ed.—We are quite" agreed.with our,
correspondent's remarks' anent'advertising, and would like to impress same
upon all "would-be advertisers, 'but' we
must, ask all correspondents' not to
be too generous in their flattery of
this journal. Our staff, a'very'human
one, ls inclined tb appropriate a goodly
portion of such remarks, and as the
working class grows bolder every day,
it is Just possible that on the strength
•of this they' may have the vulgarity to
ask for a "rise.")
Tho Editor of the Canadian Poultry
Roviow, the people's popular papor,
tells us that this paper has been greatly enlarged and ls filled wllh all that
pertains to poultry,,both from a practical and a "fancy standpoint.
Prof. A, G.^ailbort.Manngor, Dominion Govorririiont Poultry Farm, Ottawa, Is still in.chargo of tlio Practical
Poultry Department. Rov. J. N. Williams, ono of England's most noted experts, writes interestingly each month
on poultry doings iri tho Old Land.
Mr, il. S. Babcoek, Providence, R, I„
is another prominent writer and breed-1
or on this popor's rogular Blaff, and
there aro dozens of others. , Each
plinBo bf poultry brooding, poultry exhibiting, otc, is fully covored.and the
pages of tho Roviow nro roploto with,
hnlf-tono reproductions from life of
famous blrdR, plans of up-to-date houses, ntenRlIs, otc.
Tiio BUbBorlptlon rate la fifty contH
per yonr, but trillions of (IiIb pnpor
can have It nt throo years for $1,00
find Homplo'wlll bo sent froo on appll-
cation to Cnnndlnn Poultry Roviow,
184 Adelnldo Stroot WoBt, Toronto,
>'■'. ":„s *, . 'Limited^.' ;;■ ■ •-,"
f     . ■■'   ■   .       ^    -------      ■■■■.. , --■■
Mrs, S, Jennings, -Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up _.
Hot and Cold Water,,
,   Electric Lighted
., Steam Heated.
^ 'Phono In every room.    -
8ample Rooms, on Main
Business Street.    ■
Meal Ticket^ $6,00
Special' Rates by the week and
the month,and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
Tho finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging, wine clerks. ,
Tlio rovolllng HlavoH of lSngland are
putting (lie, fonr of revolution Into
I lie heart b or tlmlr miiBterfl. Tho
mantorB nro not talking about profit
Bliavlnu BohomoH and "glvlnR the
worker an Intorost In tho bufllncas."
Tlmt kind of talk no loriuor goes, Tho
nuiHtai'B aro too Into. Tlio workers
iiuo out for tho wholo product of tholr
loll.—Cotton's Woeldy.
Dr. de Van's ftmatoniE
A tnllnnlii Jfr«nrh Tdm\lntnp.„(..iPr (^d,   ipj
Th, ieibi... «r„i, o„„ JiK^liairKaXt
For 8ale at Qleaidell's Drug Store,
'   vvvvvVVVVVVVVVVVV\?VV"<7
Firef Fire!
We represent 24 of the strongest Board
Insurance Companies now in existence
For rates and particulars apply
Union Land Company, Nt^L
HUU'TMB WOW ttN07uNM"e «NTSJ |   ♦♦♦♦^^^^^^^!^^^^^^^^^<>^'^^
Nols Khron has returned from
holiday to Spokane.
Wo bo« to nnnounco that for
tho present wo nre removing our
stock from tho Victoria Avonuo
premlsoD to tho old stand on,
Pellatt Avenue, and thero hopo
to moot all our customers.
By a strict adhorenco to business wo trust to merit a continuance of your valued patronage,
Fernie Home Bakery
Tolophono 180
and Sale Stables
i >
' •■••   - ■ \ ■
First clasfftorsef, for Sale.
Buys Horses.on Commlelon
George Barton    Phone 78
Here if is, Waiting for U
FOR SALE—Subjoot to, short lease,
I-Iouso nnd Lot corner Rlvcrbank Avo.
and Trior Street. Apply to L. P. Eckstein,
pedigree Airdalo Bitch. Any infor-
matlon lending to tho recovery of
same will ho appreciated by W. Par-
noil, Wost Pernio,
W. Pninoll, Fornlo, 13,0.
TO RENT—Two-r'oomod Plastered
Houso, with coal hoiiBo, toilet and
water. Apply, R. Wright, West
Fornlo. ia-3t
HOUSEKEEPER — Kor group of
olRht or ton mon. riiBt-olaBs rctei'-
enroBi oxporloncod; mlddlo-ngod; ro-
I'dhlo.    Apply, 1J„ o o, Lodger Offinu.
, FOUND—mito Bull Terrier. By
payment for UiIh nd. nnd applying
to Wm. Colo, Annox, owner can recover the animal; otherwlBO, unloBB.
claimed within four wooks will bo
kept by finder. n,p,
TO nENT-(FurniBhed) l or 2 rooms
nnd kltchnnr-hnth nnrt'rflfvtrto ll^ht;
Victoria Avonuo, two bloekn north of
uchool,     Apply Lodger office.   3t,p.
WANTED—Housekeeper for work.
liiBinuni widowor with two children.
Apply, P, O. Box, 102. Oltv.
L. E. McDonald
Express and Delivery Wagons a
FOR RENT—Eight-roomed modern
Houbo on Macphoroon AVonuo, $20 per
month,    Apply/'Croo and Moffatt.
$100 Reward, $100*
~ '- — — - tlu, „
.   tkunrh
Mil in>»««M«t7 TM-Wafitfgfft uS^K:
Brtnov taiom t» th« ntiui^l rntumitr; Kurrt
innuum.   n*inc*urtiTto$t»uKioK.
■art.^' ■«V'n.,L,",!^.y »>«l,to ^ "« £?«&
mTEmXlitSm! X! 'WWW
SmiiSmS^i tJi'.«T.r,''<' ^'""fU"^ l»*V 6tUl
T»iu lUU'i viwt VW icr wuuptuoa,


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