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The District Ledger Apr 1, 1911

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Array *&?"
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Industrial Unity is Strength
, .  -.' 'vol.,_V.;Na^^57?
, *■   , °     ■ " r fe
The Official Organ of. District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
THJJ,-DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,,B. 0.f APRIL 1*,1911.
$1,00., A YEAR.
lipil§FiPI2S pAYSTSHERED IN QUIET
U' " ii A
nir_@iri";,iii_"(
1 -I-    *•**     „ Vj ;
loHSdl'-. lira
o
Weil.
'Uiadbiat
___3C3
OPERATORS'   ULTIMATUM
'""..•*-- . -     .*.   ' .. .,
*;_ .7      '   , Friday, March.2_lth, 1911.. ',
The general pro visions, of the "Western Coal Operators Asso-
.- ciation Agreement with tho date of expiration fixed ,at March
21st, 1913, and;with the Discrimination Clause.as at present*
and made a matter of record in the. same' manner.,
" An increase of 5.55. per bent on all days wages of the Western
/Coal-Operators'* Association Scale and. on contract prices except
' on pillars and*timbering.—Lost.   .
•■  Mr," Stubbs. submitted the-following reply,to the motion offered by the Operators:—' •     * '' 7  ■ *'    4. „ .,   • .   .  *-..,.
,.,' -.In'reply to the proposals.of the Operators wedesire lo say: .
* 1: "We will sign no agreement that,is .conditional upon'the
relinquishing by ourselves,of,the closed, shop as it exists at this
time at the Crow's Nest'Pass Coal'Companies Mines,* unless
such a cheek off clause as-that'presented by ourselves^be made
one,of the terms ofthe agreement'   7      7   7, ■ ' ;
•_ 2.   That we. will not agree to the general application of
such a discrimination as' noty" applies to' part of our member- „
Y _hip.,. • ''".■* ,'.-•"'    -*.*'-
■'.3. Thatothe advance'offered\is not general'and only applies, to part^of the employees.    . !"-    "'*  '.   ** "     v;
7 4.   That the advance quoted'js not sufficient to.bring men
' employed'oh the" day wage scale up to the rates paid-in adjojn-*'
-ing districts... ", y -."   -"";, ■'';,',/   .'     -* .   ,,   ';"._,
75.   That ho provision is made for the'eliminating "of in,
equalities at the, mines "already, specified.    ,-*',.,.,.
- , 6.   That no0provision is,-iriade for the fixing of contract
. rates on mines-where no-contract rates exist, prior to the signing of the agreement. •    ■', v      * '
7. .-We desire to state that our proposition .is. definitely as
;„stated;as in our fjrst proposals^with;the following modification Clause 4 to lie changed ti'^Anadvance of liJifo.per cent,
on the present .day wage:-scale/after, existing inequalities* in the
District are adjusted.*.-'Clause 7 to be changed.     .- :>   '
-    „: The dafe,of expiration to be 31st day-of March,; 1913.—
■   '     It was-then moved to adjourn sine die.      - A*** * *-*.       '5
OFFICIAL NOTICE
a/j You,.will be kept fully informed of the true state'of affairs
as circumstances arise from.time to time through the medium
of The; District Ledger. ■...""'"'
■'•. Any" official information or „ other data, of * interest. to the
membership: will be fully and,: explicity .reproduced in The
District Ledger.;; _•'        -
;  r The above is by order of the District Executive.
•   ■'■_■.'-. • ,,.*■> ,"'•''
ThePresentSituation
-   .-*---.. » *, ^  r   •*_-_■*   l V ■* ' -
• '"-_ .Practically every camp jirider'the'jurisdiction of District 18,
U.-MIW. of A. has been visited by different officers of the organization aiid from everyone comes the report that the men are firm
as rocks in their determination to support the demands made at
the recent Calgary conference by. their officials in their- effort to
better the conditions, of the entire membership. 7> All readers are
requested to place no reliance whatsoever in the many repbrt's
that are being circulated, by the.press.    -*;:..;   "*'■',->
MEETING OF THE CITY COUNCIL
TJEGULAIUROOPSHWNS
7 READINESSMM TOPE
CRO¥PS_iEST PASS FlEfiD
Despite tho fact that the Mino Opora tors' Association and tho Minister of
Labor havo etnted emphatically .that no troops aro to bo hold in readiness to
be taken to the Crow's Nest Pass in case of trouble during the strike which
will start on Friday night, whon between 6,000 and 7,000_mlners williay down
thoir picks aud'' -Walk out, an .offlcor from Ottawa, who ls in tho city to-day
asserts that the. Strathcona Horse and. Rbyal Canadian Mounted Rifles-in
.Winnipeg* aro In rendJnoss to proceed to the Pass at a moment's notico. ^In
proof of this assertion he produced a letter from a Winnipeg officer of tho
Strathcona Horso asking for further.information regarding the best,place
to locate troops^ in caso of,, troublo;  ,   , *      *
Tho Nows-Tologram interviewed Llout. Col. .Crulckshanks, the officer com-
' nianding this military district In which a number of mlnos aro located, but
Col. Crulckshanks refuged to discuss the mattor.
"Will any troops In your district bo sont* to tho scono of tho trouble?" he
was asked, and roplled, "I hiivo hothlni_ to sny.",,
"Have yqu rocolvod any communlcaton regarding tho possibility of troublo
and asking for Information regarding troops avallablo, otc?" was tho next
question, but Col, CrulckBhankB again proved ovaslvo, stating that ho could
glvo out no informaton as to whothor ho had or iind not received such com-
■■ munlcatlons.    ,l ,,y~
From another military officer In tho city it was learned that in caso of
troublo of this naturo, lt was tho usual policy to got troops as far romovod
from tho sent of troublo as posslblo;
"Troops closo to tiie trouble nro somotlmos in sympathy with, or nro
ngalnst tho"strikers,' ho said, "and for this reason troops from districts which
nro romoved from tho Bent pf tho tronblo nre omployod, as then the, mon
will Bliow no1 fooling olthor way,' but simply do thoir: duty,"
Tho snmo offlcor also stated that in lho ovont of serious troublo, ho undor-
Btood thnt thoWlnnlpog regulars would bo cnllod upon, nnd thnt If thoy wero
not ablo to keop tho strikers within bounds thoy would bo reinforced by
tho militia from tlio Cnlgnry district. Tho mon of the Kootonay l.lfloa and
Hooky Mountnln Rangers, who nro ln the troubled nron, will not bo cnllod out
unless In enso of urgent noconslty, '
•'• Applications for fire driver were received and referred to the Fire,* Water
and* Light Committee' with instructions
to" make an appointment at a salary
MANAGEMENT OF MINE , "  '-.
MINE   IS  CHANGED
Reported that Output of Pacific Coast
Coal Property Will be Doubled .
ZAMESTNAVATELOV   ODFOVED
Vpiitok Marcn 24,1011.
V Heobccnio rmbldnutio ziipudnich uhclnicli 8j)olocno«ti shoda
ho dnom na viprannin UHtnlcnii na don Bllir Mnrcn, 1013, a
a utvoronimii dvcrini jako jo v tornJHom cabo a Rrobona nu dalsi
can,
ZviHlcu'o 5VI. pro conta v sdtkim denim robotnikom bo Kapnd-
nich uholmich zamestnavntolov Hpolocnonty ni na kontrachnoj
praci, kreme na stlupoch (pillarH) a drovo (tiinbororH) Strutcuo
(tojeat urad a U. M. \V. of A. totu nabitku odrocil).
Pan StubbB, pod prcdBcda navrchoval nnHlcdujoicu vdpovod
na nnvrcli Baronor.
Na odpoved navrcliovnim BkroH panov Baronov nu koomo
toto rioct.
*- 1, My ncpodpiflomo ciadnu filiodu pod tinvij podmionkami
nby unit) na odroaiy tunny Helm ad z«tv.ircnio cficirfo tnkoj jaka
lui'tij, ai jo v Initio evi*. v Ctxtxxt, ISxitxt VntxH Coal •Coinpiiny iJoioelij
ked takito check-off bod prcdoslrcni »kro» nas nobudc srobeni
za cnn tejto ultodi. *
II, To bo mi ncfluhlnniino nu v Kcoboemi poziddavku na taki
prcBtupok ktory sa tikn elastki nanich udov.
III, To in pod1, iiskn i»'ul-i*hjiu j(s jiio VKeo_l-*cuH oiih Hli 1J K a lou
cinstki robotnikov.
IV, Tota podvisikn ol)oenna jo nanmnniBlravax,
IV, Tota podviska udnna je nony nndost tojcflt noHrm'nnva
sa stov placov denov ktoru deni robolnicy doBtavaju v nasich
v BUBcdnich diRtriktocb.
V, To 7.0 mot nif nsfnlrno ■**• _m nnhlii-ndl kdo bi taku potrc-
bno bolo v cinB'p-trelii pndln jnku j<* „ii!iln.
' VT. To ?.o wn. jo u.'itnl'cno na zrobcuia kontrahtu a ccui v
dolo _i kdo cnla item koiilrm-btu, piVd podpifiom Bchodi.
VII, My kootnc ppziinminint to 7.0 txnmx pfodlolm je loin ista
■cvo bola udnnn nn prvej prodlolm*^ tt npravi-nirn bodti 4 ktnry nn
mn oprnvit. r*ndvi»*kpyl2VLi pr<» <*<-tito nn driOHnfj denoj prnci
po oprnvony n ftrndony f-tMi*." podl* prac. v Di.strilcto. Hod 7
inn hU cipr/ivcriy,    Tion inn bit .T1 fio dna Mnrj-fl, WW. ,,
Bold iinvrcluivitiio znlvoril xebodzu potom zomrcln.    A
bfi$75 a month, -
.. The resignation of-second engineer
W W.Brown was received' and ordered
filed "    .      *'-''-     '
; The superintendent of the electric
light and,power department'was au-
tlio'rlz'ejl^o^pi^ce^.e^ppoliitment of a
second class engineer from amongst
tho various applicants, the salary not
to exceed the sum of $125 a month
1 The superintendent ' was also given
power to mako his own arrangements
with regard to the order of seniority of
his assistants t      ,--.'■
A resolution to adopt the firo alarm
systom installed by tho Gamewoll Company was adopted, nnd the City Clerk
was authorized to write a letter to tho
Gamewoll Company's representative to
that offoct
A letter waB road from tho Medical
Health' Offlcor rp scavenger work
Various' alterations were authorized
in connection with tho fire .hall, same
to bo put. Into effoct Immodlntoly.
A letter was received from'A Sutherland,-bollor Inspector, asking thnt n
socond class engineer be appointed in
tho power house at onco .. Tho letter
was filed
Three applications woro received for
lho poBiton of city tei.mi.tor, and the
Works and Proporly Commlttoo woro
authorized to appoint a man from am*
ongst tho npplicnnts at a snlary bf $76
a month
Tho contract for tho bricking In of
furnnco at tho city jail was awarded
to Thomas Todd.
Tho quoBtloii of tho Dog and Pound
Tan cnmo up for discussion nnd Aldermen Mclntyre nnd Roblelmud woro authorized to procuro a slto nud oroct n
building thoreon, in order thnt tho bylaw might bo fully compiled with
Colonel- McKny nddrosaod tho mooting, representing tho VotcrnnH* Asso*
cation, plncod boforo Uio council nn
nmbulnnco proposition which his nsflo-
rlnloB considered It would bo to tho in*
toroets of tho city to lnstnl
> Chlof Clorko roports lttlo doing In
tho city for the past wook.lti fnct tho
wholo month, ho says, has boon unun*
unlly hnrmonloun, and thoro has been n
smallor numbor of arrests this month
thnn for nny similar jHirlofl during thc
Inst two nnd a hnlf yonrs. This sponks
well-for Ko)ibl*j'fl jurlNdctlon ovor Hit)
disturbing clc-nunl, and wo hopo hin
popularity will coutlnuo to hnvo offoct
' notj'cc
It is understood that a-syndicate of
New York and Chicago capitalists,'
who have advanced over $500,000 for
development work under, an' agree-'
ment; with the. former owners, have
just -takenjiqssesBlon of,.andjwlll op-,
erate, the Pacific Coast , Coal Company's collieries at South Wellington,
seven miles south of Nanaimo, An
Interest, is, still retained by Mr. Ar-
buthnot, a former mayor of Winnipeg,
and Mr. J. Savage, of Victoria, who
secured control of tho coal lands sovoral years ago. The mines will be developed to double the present output
of 1000 tons'a day. The surface and
underground plant will also be, enlarged to meet tho new requirements.
Loading,,members of' the syndicate
are at tho Hotol Vancouver. ' Tlioy Include Messrs. T. S, Wlshard,' C. 0.
Kimball nnd J. Mosboy, of New York;
C, C, Mlchoner, Into of Chicago ,nnd
now of Victoria, nnrt'J.'_\ Hartmnn
of Seattle. Mi*. Mlchoner Is the* new
mannglng director, with Mr. Mosboy
ns socretnry nnd treasurer,
-,**; ;.. -_ DIED
Fred Baker, an Englishman, age 44,
succumbed'on .Tuesday as a result of
injuries received . while at work ' in
Waldo; Funeral took place on Thurs-
_^lL_fuia__his_^omei_i__JVest__F.ernle^
Wife and four childreri- are thus deprived of the breadwinner, for whom
'great sympathy fis felt .The funeral
ceremonies ,were performed by ,Re'v.
Walton of Christ Church. °
LA PRESENTE SITUAZIONE CHE INVOLVE I MINATORI
U. M. W. A., DISTRETTO 18.     ,
Ij'indento della provisione generale de gli opcratori del O.vest.
Conc6rdato\*he scade con la data del 31 Marzo, 1913, con
la repenthi- discriminazione. eoneemente la elausola che iion,
a precedent!-in nessuna maniera. negli analisi delle lotte' di.
classe. . ,''•-,
Un aumento e stato' proposto da gli operatori del oves't del
5.55 per cent su tutto il salario giornaliere nt\)n che sul con-
tratto ac'cettuato illegname di sostegnb e Ie pile. Questa,e
1'ultima proposta che gli operatori ci hanno offertb'.
. Desiderata dei Minatori Uniti d'America presetitata dai loro
rappresentanti alia Conferenza teste tenutasi a Calgary, Alta.:
1. Noi non indendiamo firmare un concordato ehe a pro
. di nostro in dendimentoavvi ad, essere dannoso per'la,,nostra .
'omoggeneita. Obbiettivo nostro. disostenere la formalita di
cantieri.chiusi e non'diminuire l'entita al presente sistema in
.vigore, di ritenpta' da'parte_ del'unione verso i suoi affiliati,
la su detta elausola che noi p'resentiamo per tennine nel concordato.      , * ''. ' '     "     i  "      ;    %
2. Che noi non indendiamo ad a condiseendere alia discrim-'
inazione.' . . -   . ,
3.. L'aumento.. offerlo in; generale non e altro che un in-,
teresse-degli operatori. ■
4.   Che 1'aumento offerto e ins'ufficiente a portare gli im-
■ piegati questo bagino mirierario„> ad una equivalenza pari ai
loro fratelli dei distretti adiaggenti (Washington, Montana).
'5..' Che nessuna proviggione sia rivolta per eliminare detta
,  inegualita.      ,'*,*■      l- -
6. . phe nessun moto sia fatto per 'addefinire il'contratto a
„ rate in quelle, mine dove il detto contralto, esiste, .anti    di
firmare un* concordato. „ , ,.
,7.''   Noi desideriamo ehe la, nostra proposizione sia definiti-
vam'ente efrma soprail; nostro p'rimoproposito, con le seguenti
inodificazioni~di cambiare la.elausola dovra essere:modificata
,e la data del'es'pirazione-clel contratto-per il 31 Marzo, 1913.
ROSS,-MACDONALD,   LANE
An .mportant-'change in the hust*
ness"world of Fernie which is of con
siderable interest- in   the city, has
WOULD  BRING  ALL'COAL7
COMPANIES UNDER ENQUIRY:
."IB IT MEANS'STRIKE I Then;whlp
the, stream with the files -sold at
McLean's Drug Stores, ',Thoy are guaranteed <to land tho fish' everjr time.
,. We are Informed by wire from Kings
gate, that'the rumor widely crculate'd
that two carloads of presumptive strike
breakers had boen turned back by tho
Immigration agent Ib a GREAT BIG
LIB.,,"   7   '.;
Tho fertile brains of,unscruploi.8 in
dlvlduals can bo relied upon to spread
all. sorts of fanciful yarns, and tho pub
lie should, therefore govern themselves
accordingly before attaching crcdonco
to what thoy hear or rend.
FISHERMEN, ATTENTION! Mc*
Loan's Drug Store for everything In tho
fishing lino. .
The first* case brought under the^
Combines' Investigations Acts ■ to' en-
takon place, whereby Mr..;M. *._.' Mac- j quire Into, ttie -operations ,of alleged
donald one of the leading lawyers of
Kootenay, becomes associated in- the
partnership "of Ross anS^Tjano. V Mr;
Macdonald will continue "as the head
of the present firm at Cranbrook and
will also bo nn active member of the
Fornie firm.
r.
Mr. Macdonald came*to East Kootenay In 1906, and became associated
with tho firm,of Harvey nnd McCar-
ter, which has become ono of tho
leading law firms in tho Upper Country, largely through the active and persistent attention which Mr. Mncdonald
has devoted to tho firm's Intorosts.
The Fornio firm* will bo carried on
under tho firm namo of Ross, Mac-
donnld nnd Lano,
"ALL
ABOARD    FOR    CRE8TONI"
CRIES JOE
Word Ib recolvod from Bollovuo thnt
tho following notico hns boon posted
up In vnrlous plnr.on throughout i'l ho
■/■in _.n
From April 1st, 1911, nil rent duo
for hotiroH and buildings owned by
W. C. C. Ud. must bo pnld In ndvnnco,
'and on tho dny that tonnnt occupies
McKenzie King Keeps Wires Hot
A J Carter, 8ecy, District 18, U, M. W .of A., Fernie, B. C:
"Am Informed there Is a possibility of a strike taking place In consequence
of dispute between operators and miners In Southern British Columbia and
Alberta without eald dispute being referred In first ln»tance under provisions of the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, which applies to mines and
thnt this course may be taken with the knowledge and sanction of the off.
com of the union to whioh the minera concerned belong, '  Ae the matter
has already been made the subject of a question In Parliament and Is likely to
be further discussed at any moment, will you kindly telegraph me at your
earliest convenience for the Information of the government If this report
Is or la not eorrect.     Also whether aa one of the offleora of the district
union you are prepared to do all In your power to aecure a compliance with
■existing lawe on the part of those whom you reprenent.    The dovernment
la prepared to do all In Itt power to secure to the miners of British Columbia
'and Alberta   fair play    and Justice   In   the eonilderaton of any   of   their
demandi, and to facilitate In every way possible the meant neoettary to
'(hit end and In the publio Interetta not lett than the Interests of tha minera.
It It hoped that those In poeltoni of reaponalblllty and authority will co-operate with the Government In Itt endeavpr.to prevent any ttept being taken
whloh might prove of terlaut Injury to the general publio at well at prejudicially affaet the eaute of either of the parties.    I understand a matt meeting
of tha Minera la to be held at Pernie this lafternoon to receive the report
of delegates to the Calgary conference and that there la a possibility of thla
meeting deolarlng for a ttrlka,    Should tuch prove tha ease) I much hope
tha twlth the atturance given that everything pottlble to expedite the enquiry
required by the Act will be done, the meeting will agree to defer this atop
until It la teen If tome tettlamant of the dlffernce cannot be affected by legit-
latlon xuhnb ptrtlnmont h_»«*»nr.f♦■*■-! *h\h* *u. »v«rt;s yisrpt'ss tf 3'w!.",j ti.t
furtherance of Industrial peace.—W. L. MeKfinTlA King, Min.Mer r,' l.nVinr.
....Thlt hat been read at all meetlngt held aubtequent to Itt receipt and
thoroughly dtcutted by thote attending. l
Joo, Grnfton loft on Tucsdny ,rooming's Westbound passenger for Creston
nccompnnlod by a detachment of prospective tillers of soil, sovornl of whom
hnve heretofore burrowed underground
In order to obtnin n llvcllhod. but have
como lo tho conclusion thnt they profor to Inlinlo pure ozono rnthorthnn
tho vltlnted atmosphere of tho conl
mlno,
It In tho Intention of Jon to pilot
oxcursloiiB during Iho slimmer to lnnds
suitable for llio settlor which hu has
tho snlo of nnd iinnoiinc-amentH of
dntcs will bo furnlHliod Inter.
trade combinations ;.is , being brought
b^.the'^-nCouv-r^TradeBt-nnd Labor ■
■fipun-il.'tliroiSg_? its ""business, agent)
Mr.' R. P. Pettipiece,. and an effort is
being made to have all the coal companies of tho Dominion face a. Royal ,
Commission which will'enquire into
their workings, conditions of labor
and cost of operation as compared
with tho cost of fuel to the consumer.
Notice of this has been forwarded
to .Hon. W,' L. MacKenzie King, Minister of Labor, and Business Agont
Pettipiece is now making preliminary application In the matter beforo
a judgo. /
The matter was brought up two
weeks ago at tho meetings of tho
Trades Council when the prlco of
conl was under discussion. It was
pointed out by Mr. Pettipiece that under the Combines IiivesllgatloiiB Act
passed last year, n royal comriilftsloii
cnn bo demanded under certain conditions to fully investigate tho operations of alleged trade combinations.
Mr.'PoUlplaco stntoR thnt, lho TrhdcB
Council hnn compiled with lho ncccs-
miry conditions nnd lho mnchlnory of
tho act will.ho put In operation for
tho first tlmo.
The Investigations of tho commission,' ns asked for, will cover conl
mlnos from British Columbia to Nova
Scotln, nnd tho .Trades Council bcllevo
thnt Interesting evidence will bo oil-
cltod.
houso or building rent becomes duo on
tho tamo dny in ench nnd overy month,
lx-+.++++++.4>4*+4Hlnt*++4*.
♦ ♦
♦ All Coal Minera are request   ♦
♦ ed to etay away from Eastern ♦
♦ British Columbia and Alberta ♦
♦ at there are theuundt of men ♦
♦ Idle ♦
rton, V*. c. l»*ic*\ttuie using, Minuter  ot Labor, Ottawa;   '
March 30th, 1011.
Replying to youn of yesterday would tay that there will undoubtedly be
a tutpentlon at the expiration of the agreement with the Western Coal
Operator**-' Atitocfatlon, and other companies, on account of the fact that we
havo been unable to enter into any further agreemtntt,     Our agreemente
provide that we meet at leant .10 day* prior, and In tome cam more, to the
expiration of our agreement, and having compiled with thlt, we believe that
wo hnve tno roughly ir»rrl_»rf out the spirit of the A«t.     The operators have!
not shown 'any disposition to renew agreements along any lines that would!
be fair to ourtelvet, but rather place themtelvet In sued a potltlon that j
they .could continue the prenent condition of affaire until auch time a* they j
cculd enforce from ut the coneettlent they detire.    We are net of the opln-i
(on fi-it eur aetldfl cin be construed at being a breath -of the Act, and would-
! Ilk** to draw attention to the tnr.t thnt wet hav*, .if nil tlmee, complied with the'
» ♦llavo and hiiva no Intention of doing otherwise/—W. B. POWELL, Pretldent; t
♦♦ ♦ »»»»i»»l»»»»»»»» jC, 8TUOB8, Vice-President. A. J. CARTER, Sec,-Trete., DUtrlct 18, U.M.W.Aj
L'ULTIMATUM DES PATRONS
Quo k*n coiiditioiiH Koiu-rnli'H du (lontntL do rmwociiitioii Don
palroiiK iIch m.mih do charbon de l'O. (WchUtii Operator.. Association) doivent provnloir el, quo In dat rt d'expiration sorn lo 31 MnrN, 1013, do phm In uliiuw diKcriininafoire enn-
liimi! l-oiiuiio olio oxiHlo'acliii'lleiiionl el qu'elle fnnnc Toi-ilr*! du
jour. Une nuKinenlntiou do mil a ire do r>,.'i5 pour cent a Iouh Ioh
ouvrier.. Tiiineurn qui Nont paves par joui'iife i*t niisui u eeux qui
"iniviilllenl par contrat anuf d'nns les piliers el Io hniwiK. (0. n. d.
Ich truvaiix do Noution) (linilicrinK-1.
La Rosponso dei Represontant* du District 18 U. M. W. A.
1, Nous nc sifjucroiiH nue.un contnil nous ohli«uiint d'abim-
donnor ]<-h priviIo({eH en o-jfard do l'linion (jno noun poHscdoiiH
notuellomout avoo les eies inineren du Onw's NomI Pnm» 11 moitm
qu'olloN Ioh n'lnplncnienf nvee, une I'lame uoiih prornetiiuit n
fniro les deduotioiiH den ffiiKes (clieeU-off) a lout employe qui
cat nffilieH a 1'union ou qu'il nit donne kh parolf* il'y nffilier,
2, Noils opposona onorpirpieinenf* rnpplieaiiun Kiuie.ralo do
In diHerimitiiition qu'il y n tlejn eiintvp-liejiueoup'flc non affilios
.',, \j iiu^niciiuition no _i in ire onerio hc iitiuie a uno inidion
Honlomont den crnployoH.
4, T. ftUKincnlation n'eM jias assez pour ineltro les ouvriorH
iimioiirH mi niveau du tarif qu'un pnie diiiw lex dislrils vmsinn
do \Vashiii|_;tiin et Moulaua.
5. (jjtril n'y a nuoiiii reulenieiit punr eorriu'er les itiet,'iiliU*«
n'i-di-KNie* dtiiuics,
fi. (Ju'il n'y n nnenn reuJeiui-nl j.f.ur ri\**r x\" tnrif dn Irnvnil
fi •f-oiitt'iit on 11 n'y en i» jiiim aetui-lli-menl.
7. fj'uuii|ue clinnueinenl dc nits proptwifinns anlerieuresVNt
quo In (.'iallsc I Miil liiodifie euiitiiie suit. 1'ne ilUUliientiltinii de
Yl\'ii lM)*-r "','1** «'•" ,Hr'f n**tii*ol xU'ri u.tires .i«iunuilier«s_ nprc*. U-n
in<*jf:»iite« du divtrit Mir'mt o\f iirr***e!e«i
lift nhv--'' 7 ov '"T'ird di*1 ht ihfo d,i,i,Ji»in,'irii*i* *•■ im iit'v'iffo'* a
lire Im 31 Mar-., 1013. ',/-'--■ 7?
-'  »,.- -'■_.-;
PACK TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, APRIL 1,1911.   :
, <
"AT IT HERE SI11CE V0,
It
■\___®1er^
CO.
rSer^^our Monef, *
*Sr&rcence]1o\v!:
yiemti eveipneto hm
tl^at we are payiii. t
peranum^ eremite, mililf,
on savings'Jepositefr-?'*
' * & upwarS) subject \<Mh-
.rawal V cheque &*
on Me deposits of -
We invest mouef for clieite
: in first mortgages„Soa
^enealfTnancialk-te.
We vrarifii&ur saving accVl
&ifviou are not saving •
sysTcmaticafly, ■*•*•■* +
, GommenccNowWfllill-3.
Depoaifa "by mail ^r^Ti
.■+■*■+ easily liantllcS-r -
"YouoinscnflbyM,'.
Post Office •*-Gjfpras;"
Order or Revere.-*--}.
better & wifh&ra
can be ma*5T*^v
** any: way you,\
Ware RSpoiiA i
-Refer to^+ -*'•<•*'
S:..D,TO3fa.5treel3,
;ortoatryone\a+
VMGOUVeR*.
Write us atofrWa*-**
Do it vm!!!!!
WipRlfelil
321 -ambit Street,
^Vancouver B.Ca
Itlsestltnntcdthftt
tlie Hvcrot'o mnn Is
wortii $2 a day from
the neck down—wbat
U lie wortii (rom the
neck upt   ,
That depend* entirely upon trnlnlnir.
If you aro trnlnodio
that you plan and
direct work you are
worth ten time* n«
much as Iho man
who can work only
under orders,
The Inlirnitlonil
Cori_.D.nr_.nci School*
tro to the man who In
utrutrdllnsr nlonij on
imullpay nnilnuyto
him, "W_ will trnln
you for promotion
rlirht where you aro,
or ive will qiinllly
you to tnke up a
more congenial line
of work nt a much
iiltflier (Hilary."
Kvory month gov-
<ral It u mir ml Htu-
dents voluntarily
report ailvnncemc.it
a* the direct romilt
of t. C. 8. train,ne.
Youni-oi-lnntlcnv*
your present work,
or your own home,
Mirk thlt coupon «t
one* ind mill It.
Why thev'Uni(yn,M^:[
Should, he a Socialist
Frank J* Hayes, Vice-President of
.a
the tyMiW. of A. y Advances
Plausible Reasons i
If- it is necessary for us to organ-
ize'-"on the industrial field, why Is it
not reasonably equally necessary, or
more so, for us to organize as workers on-, the political field? If -we organize against the capitalist on the
industrial' field, can we consistently,
and intelligently join with him and
vote with him on the political field?
No, a thousand times, "no! * As we
strike, so must wo vote!
As a. member of the largest trade
union in America, 1 want to voice the
belief in the doctrine that every trade
unionists ought to be .a. Socialist'
And the fact that a number of,
trade unionists are not Socialists is,
I believe, because they do not properly understand the relation between
the two 'movements. It shall-be my
purpose' In this 'brief article . to explain, in; as plain a way-as possible
why a* trade unionist should be a
Socialist.   , _ ' ,  '
' In the first-*place," there is no identity of interests'between the capitalist
and the worker, or,, to put it plainer,
between the fleecer and the fleeced.
If there was an identity bf interest,
or'lf our interests were mutual, there
would be no necessity for' the trades
union movement or a working class
political party. •
If our interests^ were ' common
there, would be no strikes, no, lockouts,"' no black lists, .no bull pens and
no injunctions.
If our interests were.the same, to
follow this" capitalist sophistry.to its
logical * conclusion we would be
spending our summer at Newport or
Atlantic City \and our winters amid
the balmy climate of California or
Florida, or we would be spinning over,
the boulevards in our auto or playing
golf or bridge, with pink tea on the
side, in some fashionable, home.
' If our interests were the' same our
children would go to high school * or
college instead of to .the workshop
or'factory, and, moreover, our girls
'would have an opportunity to go to
some conservatory, , instead of '. to
somebody's"""-k{tchen*~Jor~*"S\veatsliop"
and possibly later," owing to starvation wages and overwork, to the -bad
lands and premature death.    -■   .
Therefore, it is because the" interests of the capitalist and the worker
are diametrically . opposed to. each
other that, the .trades* union, movement is in'evidence—a natural product of the class struggle. In other
words, we have organized on the industrial field to defend our class, as
NANAIMO COAL EXTENDS SOUTH
Triangulation Completed on Important
. Coal -Measures at Saturna and *'
i   - -■'       *-_*>" \ ■*.'.* ■
^ .Tumbo Island      -   "•    '
♦  INTEKNATION H COI.BF.SPONnr.NCE SCHOOLS
i Box in, Stranton, I'i,
♦
4 rlni«  <n|il«lii,   wlttinm   luiili.r (,till_i>i|iin im my *
.ml, Jm* I tan qutllly tut • l>ii|i<r uliiymiil       *
best .we can, against the' attacks of
organized greed.--,- -■ .-• . ,_ __;-_
Now, then, if it is necessary for us
to organize on ■" the industrial field,
why is" it not equally .necessary-, or
more so for us to organize as workers on the" political field? If we organize against the capitalist on the
industrial field, can we consistently
and intelligently join with hira and
vote with him on the political field?
' 1 say no, a thousand times, no! As
we strike, so must we vote.
This being true, It naturally follows
that we must have a working class
political party, expressing, and carrying Into effect the hopes and aspirations of labor. ', ' *
- This party must be a party of the
workers, having, foriits ultimate aim
the emancipation of industrial. slavery. In the thralldom it must initiate and advocate legislation tending
to,the betterment'of the conditions of
labor. This party . must be so organized that the wish of tho raiik and
file, as ^expressed by referendum vote,
will be supreme.
The Socialist party is the one political party that complies with these
requirements, and, as a loyal tra'de
unionist, it is the only party you can
consistently and loyally support. If
you. support either of the twin capi-,
talist parties—Democrat or Republican—you, aid your, masters to keep
you in bondage and want, to destroy
your union by injunction' or policeman's clubs, to kill all remedial legislation and drive you back farther, and
farther 'into the mud and mire of
industrial slavery." . . . •>
, "Which shall it be, fellow unionists
—unionism and Socialism or' unionism and capitalism?
Are you going to be a loyal .union
man 364. days "'in the year and then
fall,.by the wayside on the 365th day
—election day-^-and " vote a " capitalist ticket?   ■'-.,,''•
Think it .over. Don't wait, as
other trade unionists have' done, till
you engage in a* strike and get it
■hammered _nt^your^neaa"D"ypv^iicer
man's'club or militiaman's rifle.
. Your wise capitalist uses this very
political' power that you so magnanimously vote into his hands, to club
you into submission and .destroy your
every effort to,improve your condition.
Put the union" label on your ballot
by voting the Socialist ticket straight.
, A union man politically—a union
man industrially-—that should lie the
policy of every trade unionist.
.50.0 pet.
. 5.5 pet.
. 1.0. pet.
TELEGRAPHER     HITS     GOMPERS
   ,_illly lm » inni<
•llvinciini-ol lu Ihi tioilnon  l,.|.u
whicli  I  ti.v« minimi X,
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
* IX'.llMf
♦ Sttfft ami lX'a.„
** Cily	
•'Willi.                         i     t,ihtli«t.ilinilllimiK
■in.-Cn4 Wfllir
•llutlmll t'l'lll
Wlnililw Till, mil
IMiuduiiltlilllimin
CHII (...In C.mi,
Cinliiili' ill .wild..
Oiniitiinlil Otligmi
r.n'nii. flimliii
Mllhimiit tpgl,,a|,
Civil e.glAIM
Mi(i.«. ion Udlninin
fl. n, Cinilnili.i (ng.
f*,.™.* Mt. _«i«.
tllllI.lcll Cnulfliir
Vlnrg (ngliin
dtilililir,
t himlil
P«*. I'lil. Ull* Vgpl.
flii_.liii.ii.
Al.lill._l
fttlrta^rilllill
,'l/rt//_-
l.A   PIU   GRANDE  8COVERTA
DELLA'ERA
Una FotoRrnfln dl to dl Hip amico o
pure dolln um Inniiiiiorntft fiopni la
rovorllnn dol qiiimclnlo, unn t'osn ni.
ovn ronllnta ooiim o urtlfclira,
Huno rlcliU'sii iiKi-iiU Miisi'lil o . ("in-
mlno, Por lnfortniizlonl o cnmplonl
Krnlls rlvolKotovl dn)
IDEAL NOVELTY CO,
P. O. Jlox 65, Fcmlo. H.C.
VELKV VtNALCZ TICHT0CASOV
I'lioiu^i-jif iu, wl'I.ivk'i .-icHprfnlrtlft,
alio mllk-iiky. N7*no iiovlo-ld'iwie, a
poi'-ilmc* riinjHtorsklr.
ljQl_r_«lio .iivk-ho wscnlft potroljuo
flint ktorlcbo pohlnvln. Pr*) oMIa vis-
vi*tlH»tn a pouknHko sdarinn Maslt in
tlfl'tl.
IDEAL N0V6LTV 0O
By a Telegrapher
Samuel has ten pages in his "American , Fedoratlonlst," for March excoriating' tho Socialists, and eulogizing tho Civic Federation, apparently
smarting under the action of tho Coal
Miners in divorcing John Mltcholl
from that unholy alllanco/
As usual, Mr. Gompers is bitter against the Socialists, aligning them with
the Posts, Klrbys, ot al, whom ho
claims likewise attack tho Civic Federation,,
. Of courso, Gompers doos not explain the difference betwoon tho nature of the opposition of tho PoBt ot
at, and tho Socialists, to tho Civic
Federation, dopondlng for offoct, upon
tho ignorance of tho nonSoclallst wago
earner, tho vory thing which Gompers
shares ngalnst tho Socialists.
And, of course, well doos Gompers
know, that trade unionists and Socialists havo hoon mado victims of tils*
chnrgo nnd hlackllst. by tho Posts,
Klrby ot nis, antlClvlc FodorntlonlBts,
and llkowlflo the Holmontfl, MacUays,
Carneglos, ot al Civic FedorntlonlstB,
Among other thlnsM, Mr. fiompont
Hays:
"It lu a doclurntlon In fact tlinl. employers no longer rcgurd thamsclvoH
us iiohhohhIiik the nolo pIkIiL to determine what wngos, Iioiiih and other conditions of labor ti io JiihI; that work
mnn lmvo tlio right Jointly lo havo a
volco In tlio flnnl sot Moment of tho
conditions under which thoy shnll
labor.
"Meotlng this situation In tho Civic
federation, have been innfu-sed a very
lnrgo body of employer*-; who profosH
ft wlllhiKncHH to listen lo ofgnnlstoil labor, to permit their own roproHontn-
Uvor to meet thono of organized labor,
and in couiu'il Hindu by reasundiK
i|uc-»tlona of difference which other-
•tvl.se might provoke endless Btrlken
or loclfOiitH."
"Wo challenge tlio erltlcUm of nny
uno io -f-oitil mn w'tirrmi ifie inu-rc-Mn
of vlio workors nro not ndvoncod.'
Thn writer does not propose to answer Mr. flonipr-r'n nrtlelo in full ns
lio feels it will ho dono more extensively and romplotoly, but, nn It affects
fltn .•'•I'-r-r.ip.ii->r, hr* nooopln lho r-hnl-
If ngo nnd hero nnd now offers ovl-
delve wliIfli nlwold nmpty prnvii Ihnt
Electric Restorer for Men
I noipnunui ,„ „, prrtpi,r un-iioi. | rtit.ir-it
vim nml i»»liiy. I'f**m«nre (lr<»t nml nil te*n»1
wufcwt* «•>*^«^t *t ****- fl»««tf.»Mm»l »*!|
riuioi'it »roeittr,»n.   ffitu ISnt.-.i.rri*- ft
1     if nl,-. f i 1HV ff (i-k-**.    Vtit* MrnMl tir-if
'"    '-«»lll»*»l'"<**   Itr*
P.O.notM.^nlo.n.C.iPo*- 6.le  .t Blmdel.'. Dru0 Store.
Gompers falsifies and -knows that he
does.
'Mr. Clarence J. ' Maqkay, prosldont
nnd chief stock holder of the Postal
Telegraph Company, is a member of
the Civic Federation representing the
employers. *
Tentatively, by virtue of such membership, ho publicly recognizes the
trade union, but, whnt does ho do ho-,
hind the scroens?
Mr. Mnckay haB followed a policy
of not discharging his union oporators
but has followed thom wllh tho blacklist, cnuslng their discharge and donlal
of right of omploymont with foreign
tologrnph companies,' Proof of, this
can bo ' furnished Mr. Qompofs In
twenty-four hours,.        \ .
Mr. Mnckay has forced a compulsory scab union on nil of hid tele-
graphors, ono of tho clauses ln its
bylaws reading as follown:  ",
"I nm not a mombor of nny union
nnd I horoby ngroo no£ to Join any
union, nor nny other organization hostile to thc Interests of Bald company
wlillo In Uh employ."
ThlH matter linn boon given wido
publication In tho trndo union Journals nnd Hoclnllst pross, nnd It Is Hlmply Idiotic to Imnglno thnt Mr, Qompors
Is unawaro of tho fact.
AmoiiK tho Rocnllod "Tlmoly Qnos-
tlonn of National Import to Labor,'
which Mr. Ctompers Rays tho Civic
Podoriitloii cHpoitHOB, „in ''Uniformity
In good rondfl building, nnd automohlio
loKiilntionR,
Quito naturally, n Socialist thinks
tlio mattor of tho working dnns or-
Ktinlzhm into unlonK Ih of much moro
Imnnrtnnco to tho working rlnnu,
The Commcrrlal ToJonrnphors union
Is nfflllnlod with the Amorlcnn Federation of Lnbor, wIioro proNldont Ir
Bnmucl QomporH. vice-president ot
tho Civic Federation
If Mr. (tampon cnn -seduce, forco or
iii-._t-.-r dm i'.u_k>aKuo, iMiU'kuy, of the
Civic Federation u live up to (lie lawa
of that l«vly lu- will be n fmctor in
[ihhIhIIiik hlu prnle-,;e, llio Conunorclal
TelcKriiphorB 1'Tiilon In ornnnlzliiff lho
.'(.hiHi -i-tili-jtirtpu v (iinphtiy eiri|iltiyci(it.,
It may not ho In nccord wltti tho
Roclallfltfl Rplrlt of orKnnlzIng tho workers but evidently It Is Mr. Gompers'.
..Will he, or can he do It?
• VICTORIA, B. C—The boring operations conducted "on Saturna Island for*
Mr. A. E. Hepburn, of Vancouver,
have been .completed, and the lower
Douglas -sean**/cut'at a" dept "Of 1782
feet. " - "'■•.'•'■; '7/- ••" ' _, * ;-._,
It may be remembered that'the* upper Douglas" seam "-WE.S bored through
about a month* ago at 1708 feet. These
operations, have nov/ finally, demonstrated the existence of tbe Nanaimo
coal seriesuunder Saturna, Tumbo,and
tbe nearby Islands. Tbelr existence
was.pronounced a positive fact by the
late Dr,, Dawson an dProfessor Richardson, but the depth was always a
matter .of uncertainty. *    *
Although 1782 feet is deeper.than
any mine now opt-rating on .Vancouver
Island,, it is well within the commercial' limits where other conditions are
as favorable as on Saturna* Island.
The location is in the direct route of
all steamers plying between Puget
Sound or Vancouver and Victoria, also
the.north  coast steamers.
The quality of the coal has been repeatedly certifed.by Mr. J. CSulllvan,
F. C/ S., the well known Vancouver
analyst, who has,furnished the following analysis" of the sample taken from
the borehole' at 1782 feet.
Vancouver, Feb. 16, 1911.
. Analysis of sample of washed coal
from borehole on Saturna Island;, received from Arthur E. Hepburn, M. E.
Hygroscopic water  ._..   2.0 pet.
Volatile combustible matter-. .41.5 pet.
Fixed  carbon    :
Ash   ... .7	
Sulphur   .'..'    '...*.'.
Coke ....'     .- .56.0 pet.
.Character of the coke, coherent and
firm. ' -"'     , „
This coal is bituminous, of good
coking quality,.and consequently very-
valuable for metallurgical as well as
steaming and domestic purposes.
(Signed) J. O'Sullivan, F. C. S.
With, the "completion of the Saturna
borehole and the proving of a large
seam of coal" at this point, the exploratory work in' connection with this
deposit is brought to a close, since the
fact tbat this Important deposit underlies the whole of the 7,000 acres' of
land controlled by Mr! Hepburn is .absolutely demonstrated, and it now only
remains to proceed^with the extraction
of the.,' coal, toward- which the necessary arrangements'are now under'way
British capital. having, been invested
in the'-'proposition.- It,is "proposed to
put this deposit "on a commercial producing basis with all possible dispatch
' The geographical, location of Tumbo and Saturna Islands is so favorable
that' the Importance of proving the existence of "the-Nanaimo coal seams
within workable i distance from the
surface at this point can hardly be
overestimated. - The islands lie within
one mile of the direct' route of all
ocean going vessels • from Vancouver,
and the channel between tho two islands- afford an excellent harbor
with deep water up to the very shore;
in, fact, the bunker site selocted ls
Ideal. In overy respect.
The triangulation of the .codl measures Just completed proves tho existence of one hundred million tons of
coal within the area above mentioned,
after making t)io necessary deductions
for pillars and waste.' What, the do-
elopment of these measures will
moan to the Industrial life of Vancouver can better be imagined than described.
On behalf of the English peoplo tho
properties were rocontly examined by
Prof. W. Galloway, a world-famous
coal mining export of Cardiff, Wales,
who roturned homo a fow days ago.
Professor Galloway has visited many
parts of tho world on professional business for Engllah clients. Originally
a govornment inspoctor of mines, ho
later became professor of mining In
South Wnlos University at Cardiff.
Ills reputation became so grpat that
ho resigned to follow tho career of,a
consulting conl mining onginoor, He
Ib tho acknowledged authority on conl
dust explosions, and sorved on sovoral
royal commlRslon appointed to Iiivor-
tigato colliery disasters, cspoolally In
relation to coul dust as an agent In
causinK oxploBlons, Ilo Ib regarded as unrivallod in that special lino of
research,
Original
7ai7
:?piJT"i
Beware of,"
Imitations
_ * j -.
Sold on the
Merits pf
Minard's
Liniment
August 6-11.
;#$b%
Co*»_«_*i«_<'E2***_N5,
WHY  DROP   MONEY?
Through buying your wines and 11-'
quors. at  retail when  by  ordering
from us-you* get the lowest whole-'
sale price
A  CASE..OF'OUR' LIQUORS
Will cost you about half as much
per ,bottle as if you bought it In'
, the , ordinary way. Order a, case,
make the saving, and get better
Hquors.,besIdes. • ,  ' .
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY.
, Fernie, B. C.      ,
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
■"    .,-'. - "..-'■' *'•"••-    -.   j* ,.
.     ..'".   7C"'   '.*->'.*
-a
- . ■ ■ *   :y-';'~ ■
Hot,and Cold Baths1
7.   r."   Fernie's ,Leading ? Commercial  Hotel
•>*.*. ,
'*>''::/:■
■ '•-_
..The Finest Hotel In East Kootenay-   .  . ,,'.,. J. l~* AGATES, Prop.   7
.'-:*,'.  ■_  i l-     .-..,.-   ' r'.'-"'""7 .'-■" .■; ..-". y..f,:y-yyy 77 ." •.
* - t ■
t-t
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO   ,
Capital Authorised /...$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital; Paid,.Up...... .$5,575,000      Reserve Fund ."..... .$5,575,000
'7   D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
"BRANCHE8.IN   BRITI8H COLUMBIA'
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops,, Michel,'Moyie, Nelson,
.Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT , .
Interest allowed oh deposits at current rate from date of deposit I
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I. B.BELL, Manager
I
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Coi, ttd.
•v
*j "** . ^
Beer"   ^
ii %
Porter
————A—^—————^mm^m*m————m—mm——t.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
60  YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
A   FINANCIAL
CATACLYSM
IMMINENT
Catarrh Cannot Uo Cured
with I.OCAI** AFI'MCATIONK. H tlwf Wlliet rt*t*
rlii* rv_t dl tlw dl-'un-. fiUr.li li i until nr ■m-mii-
tulionnl tlw-»«i*, am. m uriti-r tn mrc It yim mun Ukr
Intcrtiiil fi'ini'tliM'. Jluim (_ii_,riii t'lirc l« tairn l»-
lf fnaltr. tnd *tt* etrtttly up.ni tlw Umi Mil mtlMu*
lurlMt*. Il-tll* <*»ti;rli f^tt U i,f.t » qiwrll Wnll-
It'ir. II *** J.rfwmwil t,y u-,t it .lie linn jiMnirtni.i
In thli Mtuatiy !<>f .mn trit l« » rM-iilnrprrnrrlMW*!
II I* mmntmrtt nt Via »«•«« t„nl: Imnwti, Mirl>lri«*
»llh IW txnl H'w> tn.nnm. artin* <llr*rllf on IW
nttHM* mtt»rr*.    Tli" |«-tf«*« _vsf-_l.tM._n*.  *f U#
i»,, fcurrwiifiu M *i,.i f-rk.'ij/s»»j*n wA-mUrt— r#-
•ttlU W eattnt niifilii   Nrn.1 tu inummlnl*. fn**.
V.i. Liil.,.l.i * »_>, fiu^A.*.aa»W,O.
H'M by Oi"*- uu. irfi-r ;■#■,
T*« 11*11'* >"%WJr I _.» tvt rw,_tt[W«Ji».
Prom tho World! Almnnnc for 1011
llio United aintos trwmury report for
1D10, nml oilier nvnllnMo Rourcon, tlio
npiiroxlrmito riKRrognto (lolitn of vurl-
oiib Idniln in tlio Unitod StateH nro
horo kIvcii iib follows:
Nntlonnl bond debt ,.% 1.024,000.000
Stnto debts      350,000,000
>T*i*tt*.'nt*n-**i1       ntul   rnittttv
dniitB    a'.rioo.ooo.oon
Hni I rond dolitfi   10,200,000,000
TolcRinph dobta          50,000,000
Tolcpliouo dobta         500.000,000
Morlgnpo dobtB    8,000,000,000
Til-ink   Innnn     1 S.OOO.OOO.OOO
Pri vnlo tloln.s    1,2.10,1)00.000
Tradc Marks
,   Desions
OOPVRiaHTS 4c.
Anyone lending a ikateb and d««erlptlqn met
 .__..rti«
ur opinion froowiiothor an
*— - —lunlea.
•tent*
quickly njoortaln pur -. -.,-—_-•	
inTontlon . prohibit •psUtiMta.C0™™
tlonijitrlotj-roonfldont^MANDBOplTonPi
leutfroB. Olrttut -iitenojr fori«ourfj__rp»W
utfroo. girtint -tmnor for.tcouripirMtantjL
i-tsnu tftkon tbrough tluna *Xo. noutre
.. tctat notlct, without chargo, tu tbe
Scientific flincrican.
Ahindioruoly Ulaitntod woeWy. taigatl (Af
optttloD of inr •clontttlo journtl,   Tornnfof
Outdt,&iim rear,potuto propatd.   Bold by
iTnowMoAJor*. <
thnl nro chnrgod ngninst nnd exploited
from tho wonlth producers of tho ma*
tion, nnnunlly.
Por bo it romomborodtlmt nil dobtB
Intorost, tnxes, profits, rents, dtvldonds
nnd bunion*., In lho lnnt nnalynls- necessarily hnvo to bo borno by tho pro*
ducorfl of -wonlth.
If thoy would nil unit working, ovory
body would soon starve, or perish from
nnltbdnoBB.
lleni* In mind ,too, thnt nccord*
Ing to official nnd other rocords', Uiobo
dobtH nro IncroiiHlng onch yonr, fnr ho-
youd  tlio  Incroimo  of population,
Evon nH fnr buck nu 1870, Prof,
Pawcolt In IiIh "Gold nnd Dobt," pp.
122 nnd 121 roforring to tho national,
Hiuto, munlclpnl nnd rnllrond debts of
Kiiropit nnd North Amorlcn, Hnya:
"Tho nctunl llquldntlon of this vnst
Bum, of couiuc, not to ho contoniplnt-
od.     It Ir ImpoHslblo."
Further, ho tmys, thnt without tt mn*
torlnl roiltK'I'tn-n In tlin rntn nf l*ntorr>Bt
ultlnintf. bnnkruptcy nnd repudiation
nro Inevitable.
Tho doom of cnpltnllsm Is noar at
hand It Ir selMeutructlvo In Its very
nntiiro, nnd no powor under honvon
rnti nnvn It —Tit/* Prtfrin.nnTi'fiilt'h On-
loin, O.
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
Mfrpp
FROM THEMFOREST
**> , 4 ~l__. |
,To you,, the lumber • we sell is
.-' carefully inspected.   Every step
in its. preparation ■ is.  closely,
' scrutinized  as . that ' when . it
reaches you, there will be • no
• unsuspected . '"   '      -?
BAD SPOTS      ,    .        '
All this care we insist upon, for
we' want to' sell you .more than
one bill* of lumber. If we can
satisfy you* on your flr_jt purchase we canon the others.    ■■
OFFICE and YARD,   McPH-RSON  AVt, OPP. a N.   DEPOT,   FKRNIE
Fernie Opera House
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
DiyGooda, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents* FurnUhlnj-fS
fmfmmmammemimmammaaamamai^^mamm
B^KER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,  B.C.
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
KING'S HOTEL
Hni* Ntipjillt'd wjjli  Ilie 1m*jbI. Wlno.*1,
l.l(]|Uorv< and Clgmrtn
DININO ROOM  IN CONNRCTION
Grnnd totnl   130,001,000,000
Accordlnt; to tho treasury report tho
nvernKO rnto nf Interest on bank loans
In 7t" 100 por font per annum.
A---.M_iii.il.; tiiitt this -would \its I r*tr
cent ahovo thn nvorARo rate on tho
ulio*..) toiiil, or any t\ per cent, then
the Intorost would be tho enormous
sum nf $2,'^i2,MO,O00.
Thlt dticB not Incliido tho annual
dlvldondn paid on Brcferrod and water*
el Hind.*, which would probably rc-tch
t:(W,aaa.i.nk., luMxha tUo loui Li ti.-
r.JO.OOO.Ofrf. in Intennit nnd dividends
WHAT8 IN A NAME?
A tramp with the npiiroprlnto nnmo
of Uuine I* MtLyor of U. I ,ij In Vrani.tt
and ono of the Items on Ms prn_.riun
U u u*i .ni |ii.tii.ni, ili-ilHriiiK I lmt nn
th#ro Is a tax on tlonn that bark on
two not.* why not tax pianos thst howl
ntn! (tronn on about 80!'
Ills rnndldnture is «nld to bo ft
-liatxUnu iiic<*c_i-_ li._.i*r>ad of mak-
Um "Ruiuu Uu*l' c'.ld*.i*.'.l> iU. l>utk U
on the other fellow.
COURAGE
I honor the man who Is willing; to sink
Hnlf his present reputo for tho froo-
ovlm to think,
And whon ho hns tho't, be his cause
hUuuk ox' wuuk,
Will risk tho other half for tbe freedom to think.
Caring naught for whnt voflffeanco tho
mob hns tn store,
lio tbat mob the upper ten lliou*-n*5 or
luwcr.
—Lowell.
W. HILLS,
Prop
NOTICB'
Owing to the Mines at Coal
Creek only being partially op.
•rated, and tha number of Idle
men very Urge, all -workers
are requested to stay away
from Fsrnle until further ad-
vised. D. R'£B8,
Secretary 1   7
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, APRIL 1,' 1911.
PAGE THREE
•v*-jvL.
iSp0jBghymMe^^ WpP'
Templenian in th& Fedefaly
:• .,>.*.', "'   .   .**'-■ -7   ' '"     '"      *    '  >. °- '7 ." 7* •"*   **-'-.   ■.' ■  . •'    '    *■ ' •'. '-,''.
Houie
The following froiii House of Com-
> mons Debates, March 9th, 1911:
Mr. GOODEVE. I do not propose to
follow the lion. Minister of Mines (Mr
Tempiornnn) through all the details of
his argument Ho brought-down quite
a sheet of reconiraejidntions frorxi the
various liberal,associations in British
Columbia regarding this agreement.
Oiio of these was from the Agent Gen-
earl ln London.of tiie British Columbia government,' Mr. Jamos Turner.
Tho hon minister quoted* from1 a'letter
which Mr. Turner has written with reference to tlio effect this proposed
pact-would hav-*} on the fruit industry
of Bi Misli'. Columbia ; I tried to find
the i.owspapor from which my lion,
friend" quoted, but found It removed
from ■ tho files' in" the,.library. But
taking the quotation us ,co_ve-i*. X\\
I can -sty is th&t D\ok comment irui. n
by Mr. Turner in London was what one
would'expect .under the clrciuiis'nnccs.
Mr... Turner -was representing. British
Columbia, and he felt that it would
not be fitting for him to state-that
the fruit industry of that province was
ablo, to compete with that industry
in any other port of the globo. But
looking over the files.,of the empire,'
I found another opinion of our agent
.general _n London, and this Is what
he said:
"There Is not the sllghest doubt that
the ultimate .-.ef feet will be to divert
the great bulk of Canada's\food supplies to the United'States, and that he
believes "that .lho preferential scheme,
as outlined by Mr. Chamberlain, Is the
i *
only possible way to overcome tho
serious effect-of the new agreement on
Canadian**-- relations with the ' mother
country."'1' ', >/' *• • '•" " "■-■:'■•>. ■*.-,*.
1 It Is ray Intention very briefly to discuss what.'. In my. opinion, are" some
tain the American market, but -hank
heaven these days are past and over."
Ten years afterwards, at tho Imperial Conference in London, he made
this statement:   ■ ■ „'■
"There was a time when we were
wanting reciprocity with the United
States, .but'our efforts and our.offers
were put aside and negatived. ,We
have said good-bye to that trade, and
we now. put all oiir hopes on the
British trade."    -   >'        - , -*    .
And, later,, in 1909, in the. House
of Commons, the right hon. gentleman
said: -- ,      i   \ ' "  '
. "Canada has opened her doors to
Great' Britain in, the hope that she
would ultimately receive .^similar preferential _ treatment, from*- the mother
country." * ' "
.". I- am - bound,- therefore,1 to agree
with those'.who take the position that
the.people of Canada as a whole had
declared against reciprocity, and that
there has.been no mandate'from then
since''to* re-open the question. •■..*.Then,
I got for ; you free cream—and you
can keep the skimmed milk.. * For
the prairies—now,'I know you will be
good; I knocked, a-little red palrit off
your mowers, and .binders and gave
you free wheat and free livestock. For
British Columbia.ah, well, you see you
would not be good, and sent five bad
Tories down here to wol*ry us. And
we had to give you something, so we
Just-gave ihem your fruit lands. They
don't amount.to much anyway. .Their
crop is "only, valued at'?2,500,000' for
1910. We "tried to- sive-.thorn yonr
pulp lands, too, but that bad, man, McBride. don't let us.
But,' Mr. Speaker', this Is "a serious
question' and I would like to-deal
with it for a , few moment.1? from * a
national ■■ standpoint. In -lolni. ' so,
I would ,take''my,text from the words
spoken by President Taft in delivering
his  message:     "They   (Canada)^ are
of the reasons^, which "have brquglit
about this' Ill-considered; unexpected
and almost comploto reversal "of the
: fiscal policy of Canada, which we have
had during the past 15 ye^rs. It is
true that from time to time there have
been-requests for readjustment and
alterations ln Its fiscal arrangement.
It is true, that owing to the rapid
Increase and growth of our western
provinces, certain Abuses have .developed In-tlio marlicliig of their in***.*
ducts, both grain and wheat,    But I
svonturo to suggest; ln.rognrd to tlto
latter, that, if prompt action had beon
takon when thoso woro,first brought
to tho- attention of tho govornment,
.by tho enact ment of strict rogulntlons,
- rigidly,-enforced, in 'regard to" grain
elevators, nnd tho establishment, of
public nhnttolrs, or tho ontnbllshmont
of prlvnto nhnttolrs, undor strict, govornmont Inspection,"nnd tho' extension of cold storngo and refrigeration,
' thoso' nbtiBos m!gl)t hnvo, been remedied. Iti,i..8DJ'..t.)o, Lihcrnl-Consoi'vn
tlvo, parly mndo Its last npponl for
reciprocity, nnd iu 1897-8 Uio Liboral
.tho. govornment (Sir Wilfrid Laurier)
ns cleniiy demonstrated by "tho1 hon.
party, through tho right lion, leader of
mombor from North Toronto, declared
thnt thoy, too, woro done w'ith It. Allow mo ngnln lo refer lo IiIh words,
In 1898 ho   snld:
"Cnnndn to-dny Is' not In favor of
reciprocity. Thoro wns a llrno when
Cnnndlnns, boglnniiig with myiiclf,
would hnvo glvon mnny things to ob-
coming, to. the parting of the ways." . ™ " s !*   !   *-'nneapoli_.aud Chi-
This is not the first time that we have ZS°\ to. S,ea.tle a"d San Francisco?
■ come to the parting of the ways    We * dUnns" a" these years been
-wbatiwas.it that brought about .this ,cnme to the paring o lie ways n """'^ ^ "^ ^ "*'"** ™
sudden change.in policy? It,is true the jong fight "for confederation n have th°Se maS?i«cent steamers, the
that there was » growing, feeling of 1840 S IM? whi he ts n en o "Empresses" of *he Canadian ^°
uneasiness in the minds of the people both partieif' jaid'Wv ' kfflH _Hn„I RailWay ComPany. *™^S that trade
of Canada  regarding  the  1__r_r« nnrt      ,™Pa ..  .la.? _P*aity   aftU,a«ona through the Port of Vancouver and to
the port of Montreal.'   .1 ask-you then
There were men thon   iU'e W6 volimtari,y '&oinE to_tum that
as now, who %Z?Z£Z$£. TV°^ ?? IT'    ^ the-
_"._____* whn ^Hk.; ».J!: questl0n that ls before,the House at
'this time.. Are we going,to force an
entire change of that trade how going
from east* and' west,. to north and
south?, Mr. Chairman .there was another time when Canada came to the
parting of the" ways, and-with' youi*
"permission I would'go back and review one or..'two incidents in order
.that you' may better understand the
attitude of the two parties. In 1S70
w__U_h__question7Qf_taking—Briiis!
„«. _-.„    _*.    ■        __,  ■   ,,            »-—1-«- uo_n parties'   laid . party   affiliation1
of Canada  regarding^ the  large and aslde*and fou ^ foV Jhat//hey be-
ever increasing expenditure; a feeling ..„,„„.. .„ ,.   ,    L    .   7, _     y
=<«„.__ ov_r,Ue,-v_„to» «_ ££?„* *■«* — •—.'-
and  extravagance in those  expend!- „„ hnw   wh
:tures; a feeling of uneasiness over the =   *   w, TT* ^T^"™'
exposures  of  maladministration'that H^Z ^ve■ preferred an-
woro.-ttLXftntr ninno _„• «„„ "n^.i_!. nexaUon.*-commercial   union,   call  it
were taking place in* one department
after another^-the Marine and Fisher-     ,'  T, Y   '7     Wro*der roinds
ies. .Militia.  PuhHft w__nr0   r.iim'™ triun*Phed, and confederation became
ies, Militia, Public "Works, Railways
arid Canals, Printing Bureau, etc. All
of this was brought into life and action
when the Naval Bill of last session
was forced upon'the people, a Bill
by^, wliich a. heavy burden was placed
upon the country with no compensat-
ing advantages
The trained?ear of the ..right hon.
leader- of the - government was first
to hear the storm-waves rising on the
Atlantic, a storm which the First Minster feared' would, with ever-increasing strength and vigor, sweep across
this country from'Halifax* to Vancouver, "until it broke upon the Pacific,
sweeping from power the men who
failed to hear Its voice.. Something
must be done and"done'quickly." .A
hurry call, was issued Tho. Minister
of. Finance (Mr. Fielding) and tho.
Minister" of .Customs' (Mr. Paterson)
were ordered to pack tlioir grips and
hurry, off to. Washington and bring
back something that would distract
tho attention of tho people. Thoy
wont, all their movom'onts wrapped In
secrecy. Aftor lho curiosity of,tho
country hnd been proporly nnd duly
nrouscd, bnck thoy came. Tho stag©
wns sot, tho gnlllcrles crowded, tho
clnquers in tho ronf rondy to npplnud.
Al. the propor moment, tho Minister, of
Flnnnco innlcos n dramatic ontrnnco.
Ho lays-ii,- Pandora box carefully on
his desks; nmldstiui expectant sllonco
tho spring is touched,' Tho trojnn
horso springs out nnd all his followers
chip tliolr hniids nnd lau_.li. Now,
snys tho Flnnnco Mlnlslor, soo whnt I
hnvo brought for ench of your For tho
Mnrltlmo' provinces froo fish nnd po*
Inlocs; for Quebec, free liny; for On-
tnrlo, woll, you may not bo quito pious-
od, but ronlly I did not,, hurt your
mnimfnctiirors ns much ns I,might
havo dono, thnt is, not yot, nnd look!
Superiority In
Strength, Pnirity,
Wiiolesomcness
Established:
V*S* Government Reports,
UlObest Award
World's Columblnn Exposition.
Sixty Year* tho Standard.
what you will, but the. broader minds
an established fact in 1807.. Jt was
just a year previously .that the Reciprocity Treaty of 1854 was abrogated.
No. one will attempt .-to deny tliat at
that time . it --, spread .' consternation
throughout all Canada, and it ,ls for
that reason that so many on the go-
'veTnn^t^sidF^rpr^^flianfHe~leslre
for renewal of that bargain Is' general. I would like,- therefore, to consider-for a moment; the then conditions. ■    . !
In 1866, Canada was composed of a
number of>scatterfid;'and disconnected
provinces!' ' .The Maritime Provinces
were not connected witlT Quebec and
Ontario until.tho completion of the Intercolonial -Railway. ' Our present
great west was then only isolated -settlement on tho Red River nnd Pacific
coasts, totally .unconnected and separated by what was then considered
n* great barren land. British 'Columbia in addition, wns separated by
the groat rango of mountains.
Whon in 1853, tho railways of Upper
nnd Lowor Canada wero amalgamated
under tho nnmo of tho 'Grand Trunk
Rnllwny,1 it wns not to carry traffic
to Novn Scotia or Now Brunswick,
but to Portlnnd,' Mnlne,. Tho Wcllnnd
Cnntil had not boon enlarged and could
tnko vobboIb of four hundred tons.
Rhllway and cnntil traffic in Upper
Cnnndn and Uio western statos drlfti'd
naturally to Now York "and Boston,
Tlio homo market, owing to long distanco' and comparatively slow menus
of communication, scorned imprnctlc-
nblo. During tho Inttor pnrt of tho
treaty ot 1851 to I860, from a buccos.
sion of unusunl onuses, nmong them
tho Crlmo'nn Wnr nnd tho Wnr of So-
cession, nccompnnlod ns thoy wero by
tlio 'stoppngo nnd devastation of agrl*-
culturnl Industry In tho Unitod Stntcs,
gnvo nn iinuaii.il domnnd nnd high
prices for Iho products of tills country,
but wiih tho Bottletnoiit of theso disturbing ciuiBos nnd tho ronownl of hor
Industries thoro nroso In tho United
Stntoa a domnnd for Its nhrognllon,
Did thoy consldor Cnnndn for a momont In tho mnttor? No, lho tronty
wnB nbrogalod.     It. wns InrROly bo*
thnt tho Imparla! Lonn Acl wnn pnBH
od, wheroby tho British peoplo ad
Ci i  '    ,,      ,
>uw  ttt   mi!  i_iij)   ui   ioii.ll.0_
"In IP.flC v.-.u*ji llit" iO-a Iriuly iru.', w
ponied, wo wero poor In banking rapl-
tnl, In skilled labour., In airrleulture
nnd In mnnnfnrturos, A tronty then
would havo nf forded somo rellof—tn*
It.,.       nn^Mll. . ,,a. ....
t ' •       -*!»•'>-      >>.IIIMV«i -~U.».V,-
ent liecaute lho repeal of the tronty
removed overy prop on which wo hnd
formerly lon nod and the true temper
of our AngloSnxon spirit wns round
to nctlon, 1 think no country In the
world nf'fonU a better illtutrfttlon of
the Yankee dollar or .was it the British
shilling, was it the 'Munroe doctrine
or was it the.Union Jack, that .was pro
tecting our trade while we were taking
fteir surplus agricultural products of
this, country across the'water? .That
.is the question for the House to consider at, this time. * We have expended enormous sums of money and 'we
have assumed veij- heavy obligations
in building up these trade routes east
and west. Tomorrow, if this' agreement goes through, the trade routes
will be north and^south. I only partially agree with'thoso who say that
the natural trade route is north and
south. ,lf liy trade they mean locnl
trade,'then that is correct;, but ir they
mean' the broad national trade of the
empire, then I say the natural trend is
east and west. ' The trade bf the
future is going to be on,the Pacific
with these great Oriental countries,
Asia, India, Japan and' Australia. And
where does Canada stand ln the route
I say that Canada is the very heart
and" nerve centre of that trade. Van-
couver is the first point reached and
the last point touched on going to or
coming from Australia, China, Japan,
India, and it is through'Canada that
European trade ought and must go.
Shall we then, by- our- o\v:r act, transfer this trade from Halifax, St. John,
Montreal and Winnipeg; from Vancouver and Pr'..ro Rupert to New York
and Bost .ni   to Minneapolis? nud" Chi'
Columbia into ,the confederation arose
In order that we might have this'out-
port on the Pacific which some men'today are endeavoring to force iuto a
closers relationship with- the nation to
the south, the same men then said
,that the' cost of securing the trade of
British Columbia for Canada would
be too great, that (ho' provlncovwas
not worth It. British' Columbia was
then separated , from the rest of the
confederation, by at least two thousand miles of unknown territory, then,
largely wilderness. "There woro a
few Isolated settlements here and
thero along tho Red River. There
was between tho cast nnd west tho
Rocky Mountain ranu-e. On tho Pacific coast there woro a fow settle-men's.
One ot the' conditions, under, which
British Columbia ngreod to enter liilo
tho confederation wns tho building of
a transcontinental rnllwny, it wus
absolutely ossentlnl, If she vyns to trade
with tho rost of Cnniitln, thnt thnt tin-
dortnklng should bo completed, When
Iho hon. tho Minister of Mines (Mr.
Tomplomnn) .wns sponklng tho othor
dny, nlmost. his first words woro thnt
ho remembered tho tlmo when' thoro
wns no trndo enst nnd wost with" tho
province of British,Columbln. but when
nil the trndo-^'nll tho trade," nnd ho
ropontod It—*wns north nnd south, nnd
ho soemed to bo proud If it, Woll,
Hlr, thoro wero mon In thoso dtiys i*»
thoro nro mon todny, who woro turning
nwny from tho promised lnnd, nnd
looking bnck, to lho flosh pots of
Kgypl. ninn who,.preferred to trade
north nnd south rather thnn oust nnd
wost. Thoro woro men In tIioho dnys,
on thnt sldo of the Houbo, who snld
tho tnflk wns too great for tho"peoplo
of Cnnndn to midortnlcn. Thoy snld:
Even though wo Biicccod In this vnst
imdorlnklng tho roHtilts will not bo
wortii tho wlillo.     Thoy snld Britl-sh
cnuso of the abrogation of thnt tronty Columbia wnn nothing but a Hon of
mountnliiH,
Hut, Hlr, wo nro glnd lo «ay thnt tho
vnnced  £3,000,000   to   comploto llio anmo Hplrlt   or   Aiiglo-anxonlsm. the
building of that rond, wo find tho trado snmo spirit of British BtntcaniniiHlilp
of Western Cnnndn nnd oftho woMl rm thnt nnlmntod  tho Llbornl-ConBorvn
states flowed not to tho Mnrltlmo Pro- tlvo pnrty of thnt day whon thoy gn
inccs but to tho portB of tho Unitod thorod together to bring nbout con
Slntoe,     I would liko to quote from fodorntlon, thnt «nmo splr.it nnlmntoB
Sir Oconto Robb to nhow tho ponltlon <ho Liboral ConBorvullvo party today,
o;{ nffnlro at that tlmo and rIho how Tho building of thnl, rond was Indeed
ho rognrdod thla mnttor.     Hero Is a hugo nnd difficult tit sle,    You must
whnt ho. «nld beforo   tho   Canadian romomber that not only had wo to
<*iiiiu llio loud, imi \\o Imd first to |
J.'J.'.l.   {,*<.'..__,'__.u.i   it,li.    i_i_U   Mi'iuVtllikia* I
lifforc any iinhir.il pro-lurl* co(t!d be
there was "a world-wide depression in
Jrade, ■ when  we  found  our' farmers
working unprofitable* early and late,
when we found these scattered villages
along this* enormous territory for four
thousand miles, when we found many
of our mechanics without work.'Then
the same men who""were trying to*b"uild
up  Canada stepped into the breach
and* they said:   - If we are to become
successful in building up a nation -we
must round out the country, we must
build "up our industries and our factories; and so they fought the great
fight-we are fighting to-day, and-they
adopted; the principle of a National
Policy. : How did they do it?    By one
or two men in a dogmatic way bringing down a resolution and asking this
House to support it, without consulting
the people at all?     No,"but they formulated a National Policy, which was
discussed freely and-frankly in  the
House; it was discussed on every platform in Canada, it was discussed in
every newspaper in Canada, and finally they Issued a manifesto to the
people  of  Canada,   relying  on  their
sound sense and good judgment, and
the. result was that they were, returned, to power on th'e' great question of
a National Policy.    Sir, that day there
came a change into the affairs of this
great Dominion of ours.     The small
and scattered villages lying along our
shores grew from villages into towns,
and from,towns into cities.     Everywhere we saw the smoko and steam
of industry and War the sound of the
hammer..    We gradually'evolved    a
home market for our people, and those
farmers who heretofore had been complaining,, and justly so. of lack of a
market,' commenced to sell their home
products to the artisans, laborers and
mechanics  in. these  growing'towns.
The result is.that gradually *but steadily-tliey removed" the .mortgages from
their'farms-and there grew up confidence iri the power of the people of
Canada.' 'They, felt that this was the
policy for them, that no longer' would
they look to the nation of, the south,
that they were..able, as their fathers
had been before- tliem, as the great
pioneers and colonizers of the world,
to  build  up' their own national life
and so they continued along that. line.
The abovo- reproduction   from   the
speech of the Dominion" representative
for this constituency will be read with
'interest by many throughout the riding.
.There is one feature we wish to point
out Jthat" reminded us.orcibly of Sir
Boyle Roche who exclaimed "I smell a
rat;' I see,'it floating in tl\e air! . I'll
nip' it in tiie bud!" Mr. .Goodeve
likewise indulged "in mixed meatphor
fix. the paragraph: ■ ■*    _        \
—-"At'thejproper^moTiraTrthe^IInrstCT
of Finance'makes a dramatic entrance,
He lays his Pandora box carefully on
his desk; amidst an "expectant silence
the spring is touched. The Trojan
horse springs outand all his followers
clap" their hands." Great! Rich!
We are constrained to award .'the' honorable \ gentleman a hearty vote of
thanks for such a laughter creating
Hlbernlcism. Pandora is the lady
who,'*' according to/ mythological lore,
received a present from Jupiter for her
husband that was filled with evils and
the curiosity for which her sex ,' ls
noted prompting her, opened it, only
succeeded in retaining, "Hopo," So
in llko manner' wo may npsumc, ns an
oratorical slmllo; tho Minister of Finance allowed lho ovll (!) "Reciprocity' to escapo, but this is tlio.first time
that'wo ovor heard ' of lho1'famous
wooden' geo-'gee of Troy being so dim-
Inutjvo thnt Its hugo hulk could* bo
contained In so smnll n receptacle, and
must confess It pnsHoth understanding,
but to cnp tho cllmnx ,wo nro told
thnt his followers "clnppod thblr
hands." According to Dnrwln the
hlppiiB, tho prehistoric progenitor bf
lho horso hnd Ions, but from tho romnrks to our RooHlnnd frlond his correct classification Bhould ho qundri-
mnnu, nnd not qundriipctl,
Excursion
*.'- "■
_F
Date will be announced *" §.
later.- so' watch for it'   .
MARTYRDOM
Visiting the entire district.
See before you buy. Write
me for full particulars.
■ -_
oO blocks well watered, excellent soil, free Irom rock
and easily clearecl~-Three
miles from station.     v   ,r-
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
,'   "each,.easily cleared, Burton
City,'well located and water
Joe Grafton
Fernie
B. C.
Hc*€k___(____p__ri_____rr_/_p./_ii__/_x_Q_T£_;«____£i'*_.__J«--__ '   '"     • *" ■'
\7-»*«.—V_/_u_.Ji.V_7\j    :1_ \)irtjix:wy-tj—J.\riiii*"~>5 XT*~ . y ~V' ^
a " i
Branches and connections throughout
Canada , "   '
British and Foreign Correspondents in all'
the important cities of the world
Notes discounted and general banking
business transacted
FuK Compound Interest paid ori Sayings Accounts
, of One Dollar or more
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Pernie
,,i. *</,
Bank of Hamilton
HEAD OFFICE: HAMILTON
Bwirort to brlnj? ont on Ihe ro»d. Ilut
thore woro men then, nn there nro now
who woro rendy to uinl«*rtnl<o tho lanh;
**.* j   ;;„: ii   ,u*.   ,i   1..V..I   W.1V11.   _||  Itllij
ovenltiK thny would renp n hnrvciitln
Dw mornlnif. Hut thoro were other
men who unlil: You hiivo burdened
thU country with nn r-normous debt,
you nro nHNiimlutf Inrge obll|fntlon«,
hut you nro not ttotHntx tho rontdiH
public spirit than Canada wlion the j H-tii.ii >«u expcoicil. And »o wo find
United Stntcn In IRfifl flunif our pnvprfv ' »l'*r*«*«* «.-.*imr* hnn vonliomon to-titty, op-
In our fft-fMi and told im our only'jioBltr* nlwiiyn rendy to f-mj.aln, al-
eholeo wns RtturoUon or nnnoxntlon."| wny* rendy to find fault. Hut at the
Thnt was tbo altitude, of iho United t *anut tlmo wo find uieo lho broad-
Slatm nt that time, nut while wo minded men of Canada comlm. to the
wero developing lh**** atnttnted pro-'/or<r>, Vow lh. tlm* tamo <h*< *<n..*
vlnre* and endeavoring to bind th<**m!of ttio*<» rrl»i-a that onmo f« nil n.i-
to*re»h*pr bj thi* road. let me auk tho!dona, inmti to Canada, an It has come
leader of tbo iroTernnionf:     Waa It I to ovrry nntlon In tho world, whoxx
13y Wllllum KrnnclH Unriuirtl
To look for tho truth with nn opon
mind,
Ilrnvoly Innvlni. tho Hob behind;
Sufferlnf? doubt, nnd, ovon worse,
Tho  jiniiKH  of mipoi'Hlltloii'B  curflO"-
Or lo hldo tho truth 'noiilli fnlRohood'H
crust,
And lot your mind corrodo In runt,
FenrliiR to know, nnd cIIiikIdk ^tlll
To tho dronma which work your nnturo
111.
Ilcnson nnd wlmlom roJectod~-coina
Whleh Ir tho gronlei' innrtyrdnm!
To utter your (IioiikIiIh before nil men;
RpenlcInK full freely wllh voice nnd
lien j
Truo to tho truth, wlillo lt brills to
you
Ilut cold contempt or n linrnh taboo—
Or to look your lIpH, nil wortii ronlKiiciI
While you mnko a- grave of tho fruitful mind;
And fnwn on tho knee with tho fawn-
iiik crowd,
The -sluillowioulud and tfic narrow-
hrowf.il;
The. luluii of your hIIohc-o h hIiivo'h
oum—i-onio!
VUiicn  ih  ilii' KH'iiter miiriyriioM^
To nt-t  an ynu  think;  untrnmineleil
nnd hold;
To do mul to ..ho, or rcfuHO nud with-
IkiI'I;
f-!fi'ftii*liir- tonm   or rhfnn moro f*il,
Tint mob perhnim, or n prli-on M-1I--I
Or Ui <±r-iu ynr hAttis lo yuai* *.l..ii:icd,
»l»**. I
And iro'ith. your manhood In ■**■-■ Hi- -*■: ■
For tho whip of n cuatom to romo or
eo,
To, tbo i *riH ol tont your ht-ad Untod
1 n it:
Voor p't>riii-m a terter'a exUtr-un- -
Capital Paid Up   ;    .    .    .    .    $2,750,000
Reserve and Undivided PrbfiU .    $3,250,000
Total AneU
$6,000,000
1 i   i'ii 'i    i t'Ti
.   Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
J. R. LAWRY, Agent
FERNIE     ti
Which  In tho ._ renl or miirlyrdom!
To live for tho rl.,ht lhout.lt the who!.
world blnmn,
Tnklns no tliou*;hl of fuino ur khnmo;
FIkIiIIiik, nnd fiillltiK If you iiiuhi;
Your fnco tu tlio wrotiK nn you alttk
lu tho diMl—
Or to Hell your heart nnd your hoiiI
for ponce,
•Will      -I*l|      ftW      .•!.,,.      >r.,t,,       ,1      Ir  .-,-.,.     1      •
Of n lifo wblcb nt mnwi cnn X\o tmt n '
lie; I
Hound In tihnmo till It rot nnd dio; |
All of lu iwtonrli'H ptilBlutl— <!nmo, |
Which  In the (trcntcr mnrtyrdom!
CONCRETEBLOCK
COTTAGES
CliilUltty    Clu.ku
4 in. SEWER PIPES
. ,i
QENERAL CONCRETE WORK
Get Our Pr,c«i
W.        M.    U IC K E U.
Hew About that Drain?
The Children's Hair
A Littlo Extra Care No* May Save
After Yean of Regret
Cl,l*..ti.i- ;,,.i.. ..„ Un! _li.ti iJK, j,„nil
prrnplri-a niul um Unit hint /. lentlrney
tu iiiiiI .nnl ki.i miuky dm tht, u(>,t|_,
hiuin mi. xxim.r _lo««n't ti<am \„ .,..
mow. n, nil tii(1 hulr itiiitii l.i«,iii,8
ii Iin li'-'-ltliy. Juat try Syufe lllr.'-
Um*-'.   Hull u Into llm ruot» or ttip htilr
*.'■'.'i "■"■"■._.•"■"■"_*■ of •''•» linKt'iH. Tha
ciili.lr-Mi llko l( aim will nH|c Juu to
ii".> U. Illriiutonr luu*t_,« u|. ih« nc-
■?'»,'» nrf1./*'* „!,uSt.., j*,n<' J""*;-?-f't» a»1«« a nil
anil triorotjjflily cleiiiniil. Aftuj- It 'i«
'I'll.I   t-l-i     ii,(,»> , .   i i I I'i  .1', ■      .'   n    "
m-ioiio. A(H?r you lutv.- um'.I it for
a u-l.ilc , mi nil' .,]>, • ,, .-_ ,|„. .,,„.
you havij _v,.r u«.-.i     v,,u,- Syttl litmr
tunc to do nil tl...,  n  .-i.Hiiii.,1 for It
l-'or  Rnin  nml  t'.unrnntcod  hy
Obo for each -everyday tOmtmt
SECOND CLASS  ENGINEER
AMillrAlffin-; will lm r<*r .f-t-J by,the
iifi'lerrilgTic! for tho position of Kn
ulnwr; must ha\e fterond ctn«8 II. C,
tcniticato;   itato ralnry »Dif eip^r).
.»*.*..    DuU«_,» Xx> *.i.,i_.t.n..,. (» J\\,t,\  ut.
S. W. nARCWY.
City Clfrlc. }'*'■} *J'v.V'-*/'7;; "*3:>:*tfe^_.f.V ~ -"V77;t7-"7. ^7^-:'.*.   V';
-. a,-.     ' "'  '
PAGE FOUR
THB DISTRICT LEDGEE, FERNIE, B. C, APRIL 1,1911
S      '   j  -
*' ,*
®fte MzMd m$&
; Published every. Saturday, morning-at its office,
Peliat Avenue,, Fernie, B.'C. . Subscription $1,00
per year'in advance. An excellent, advertising
medium. "Largest circulation in the District. .Advertising rates on application. .Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
"■ ' * * J* W. BENNETT,' Edito_.
** A
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No. 380
PROFITS   AND   POVERTY
U'A DIVIDEND of one per cent will be paid to
, ** shareholders of the. Crow's Nest Pass Coal
Company Limited. This was the announcement
made at the recent annual meeting of the company,
Por this dividend $62,126 was appropriated. ' This
is thc third declaration within tlie past twelve
months, the former payments being made in August
and November. The annual report showed that
the company had made net profits for the year
ended December 31, 1910, of $178,925, or less than
3 per cent of the capital, and had paid out 2 per
cent, in dividends.' The total amount of coal mined
was 1,209,762 tons, and the amount of coke .manufactured 19_,498 tons. The coal mined was an itf-
crease of 310,717 tons over the previous year.
Tlie total profit made on the coal and coke, was
$83,800, or less than seven cents a ton. Of tlie
remainder of the profits, $18,054 came from securities owned and $77,000 from sales of land, limber
, and other sources. -Accordingly, the profits from
coal and coke production alone 'would yield a dividend of only about 1.3 per cent on the capital'"
The Great Northern Bailway, which is the company's largest consumer, and .which practically controls the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, is stated
. to pay for this grade of coal $2.25 per ton, which is
a profit of less than, five cents a ton.     The low
.profits on coal were explained by the president'in,
his address .as being due to the competition of.
* Alberta mines, and he said that the company's hope
* for increased profits lay in the reduction of costs, as
it) was impossible for them to increase their' prices.
-   The-president stated that last year ihey had raised
the price of coal by ten cents per ton, and coke by
, '40 cents per ton.    They had a market to the south,
'     -*   ' • -i j. •* _\ _*____*__.i _ _._ i, '  ■_
v^ne saiu7ior-_i*u,uuuLonsa~uayr" —., --■ c —
The above extract reproduced,.from the "Monetary Times", of March 25th,* is pregnant with meaning to those who delve beneath the surface, and do
hot-take everything that they read as a full exposition of all facts connectedjherewith..
The, dividend of one per cent, whicli it is ^stated
, will be paid to the shareholders was duly apportioned on March the*_0th...,.,,
• Despite the fact that* during tlie year 1910 there
7 .waa -considerable idle time, the coal mined shows an
...increase of.310,717 tons over that of 1909.     This
„, is .in itself silent tributo lo the* excellent management of those in charge of affairs, because the additional tonnage produced demonstrates conclusively
that more efficient methods lmve been operative in
its 'winning."
The statement is made that thc total profit made
on thc eoal and coke was less than 7 cents a ton,
and in the, succeeding paragraph it will bo observed
■ that tho Groat Northern Railway, "which is thc
company's largest consumer and practically \ con
trois the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, pays
$2.25 per ton for this grade of coal, from which wo
consider that it-is safe to assume that thc basis of
cost of production is figured as $2.18. Let us put
this in language so plain thnt even the uninitiated
can grnsp its meaning. Th elaw prohibits a railroad company from owning a mine, but whilo the
letter of tho law may bo conformed to, its spirit is
manifestly evaded.' .1, J. Hill controls the,Great
Northern Railway, J, J, Hill practically controls
the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, honco it is
merely- a quuntion of book-lumping between #7, J.
Hill debtor and .7. .7. Hill creditor, but affords an
opporlunity for the company officials to deplore
tho fact of meagre profits, nnd attribute tho same
to thc competition of the Alberta mines. The consumer of conl resident in Viotoria may complain
about tlio high price tliat lie is compelled to pay for
this commodity, but tlio rendy response is mado to
his objection that this is due to tho high rule of
railroad ImiiKporfntion, and tlins ho is supposedly
completely squelched; but sueh nn argument, whether it be specious or accurate, is by no menus applicable to Uioho residing in this cily, who arc corn-
polled lo pny $1.00 for a single ton, but do, wc lir-
llovo obtain it lessor rate iu caNO of purchasing a
car lond. Thoro is nnotlior font uro of whicli we
bolievo the public know little, nnd thnt is Hint Hie
ton they buy and tho ton llio minor mines, differ
in tho numbor of pounds as to what constitute**! n
ton. 2,240 ponndH is n ton when it ih n question
of paying tho miner for his worlc, but tho purchaser
receives as nn adequate for a'Inn only 2,000 pounds.
Thn objection atlvnnccd by tho Company (for this
difference*) is fiscribeil to tho Uire Unit arises ,i_
ranse of thc dirt and rock, yd wo feel safe in bating that thc purchaser will not accept thin ns a
valid reason, inasmuch as thc coal he biiyn i« by n»
means free from dross. Moreover, as an evidence
of tin. illo-sU*. of iiu-Ji a contention, we will quote
the clause contained on pngo 1.1 of the agreement
just expiring bol wen the Crow's Nest l'a«H tW
Company and its employees!
First offense, »0 llm. of rock, warning and fine oi
100 lbs. of conl.
"Afler the first offense Co Um, of rock shall lie
fined 20O lbs. of coal; 8& lbs, of rock shall be fined
.400 lbs of coal; 100 lbs of rock shallbe fined 600 lbs
of coal; 150 lbs. or .over of rock shall be lined.all
the coal in said car. *        i. ' •/
."After the fourth offense in any one calendar
'month, the offender may. be discharged.'7 The.
■Checkweighman-shall give the first .warning, and
keep tally of the offenses. r. " *"7 \:>r  *    :', '."
Although the ptiblic may have a general idea of
the conditions tbat prevail.in coal mining,districts,
we feel .confident .that-there'.are many details * of
importance^ such as above outlined, of whicn the_
aw ignorant, and .'t-i. for the'purpose'of enlighten1
ment that we have furnished the foregoing information. „-'.'-' -' ...
"We may say that it is not our intention to signalize "an individual'company, but.liaving the data,we
comment thereon accordingly; maiiy of the observations inade are equally applicable in kind,
though not in degree, to other coal mining'eorpora-
tions that comprise the Western Coal Operators'
Association. _
."Wc will now turn our attention to the'condition'
of the miners throughout District 18, and endeavor
to show the positive need for an increase in the
wages paid. ' Statistics prove beyond a shadow of
a doubt that the cost of living is much larger than
it was even a year ago, hence the purchasing power
of a dollar has suffered material diminution. It
is perfectly correct,that the minimum wage paid to
the miner working inside ■ is $3.00, while outside
employees receive as low as $2.25. Now,v tlie in-
' crease demanded of _2**/o per cent, would mean that
instead,of $3.00, $3.37V2 should be the'daily wage
for the former, and $2.53 for the $2.25 men. While
even-these amounts may not enable the wage*earner
even though he practice the. strictest economy, to
purchase little more than the,ordinary necessaries
of life, provided he works,thc full twenty-six days
t ' __ *-*■   -
each'a'nd every month, there is still considerable discount effected in the amount received at the month
end, because of the many- days bf enforced idleness
*-, i •*■_* -_
that have been especially noticeable during the past
twelve months, thus leaving him a recipient of but a
pittance.
' The question of profits and dividends that may
arise from' any. undertaking are basically of no
concern whatsoever to the worker, his interests be
ing involved exclusively in procuring a sufficient
remuneration for .the disposal of-his physical and
mental energy'to enable him to continue to exist
This to.him-is'the real'question at issue,.and.feeling
that, the point has been reached when this is not
obtainable under, existing conditions, determines his
action in ceasing to work, feeling that it is better
•.to put forth an endeavor to secure a little more of
sthe wherewithal rather .than slowly starve to death
Although it-is perfectly true that'there are a few
favored.individuals—if we may use tlie term favored to" anybody working under such hazardous con-
rditions,'a8^ht3rminer.Tirastriirhis'_laily~tOTl^^ho*do*
receive"1 relatively large wages, they merely represent 'a'very small percentage, and the,vast majority
are Constrained" to do the best they possibly can
in an average of less than 60 dollars a month. • Such
a sum as the the one mentioned is so small that there
is no danger of them incurring .the risk of: coming
under the category of'those alluded to by J. J.
Hill, .when he said it was riot the high cost of living,
but the cost of high living that was at fault in pre-
sent day society.    * ,,     '     ,
TROOPS FOR THE PASS ?
•*T» IIB'reiteration of the statement, a reproduction
* of which apears elsewhere in our colums, that
there IS a movement on foot to send troops into this
district, despite the,negation by-W. L..McKenzie
King, tho Minister'of .IJabor,' is either one of two
things—a positive canard merely for tho purpose of
increasing tho sale of the paper, or it is true. If
the latter, it necessarily follows that the military
authorities and the Department of Labor are ignorant of each others doings, because wo feel confident that Minister King is acting in absolutely good
faith whon he characterizes tho previous report as
"michievous and,without foundation."
On tho other hand, if tho Calgary daily is romancing, with sordid motive^ alono actuating it, then
somo steps should bo taken,by tho Govornmont to
compel it not only to rectify, but likewise coase
tho circulation of reports that cannot fail to. work
incalculable damage upon innocent pooplo.     Tho
naivete of tho .statement said to have boon made by
a military officer is really charming!    To quote:
"Troops close to tho troublo aro HometimcH in
sympathy with or agninst tlio strikers, and for
this reason troops from districts which aro remov-
ed from tlie sent.of the troublo aro omployed, ns
then tlin men will show no fooling either way, but
simply do thir duty."
The sentiment" contained in the above quotation
has its parallel in tlio work of Brnest Crosby, en*
titled "Cnptnin '.links," when tho Wnr Lord, addressing an American soldier during tho occiipntion
of tho Ktcrnnl City, said; "What do you think of
tho situntion?" and aftor tho usual military snluto,
tho reply wns made, "I DON'T THINK, 7 OllEY."
This so pleased tho military autocrat that ho proudly oxclnimed, "7 will bestow upon you Iho Ordor of
tho Lontlier Mcdnl, duly punctured with tho soven
tm lacKN,' hpeitKiiig on tno en*-,*.. Hpooiiieaiiy involved, ii would mean that ii trouble wero to break
out nt any time, or ovon if it wero not to break out,
but tho powers thnt bo thought military forces es-
sential to thc protecting of vested rights, the local
uiiiiiia would mm, ini w-tiivn*. upon u_r •»■..*.>, tan )w.x
iho statement credited to tho officer referred to
nbovo that tho men of tho Kootenay Rifles and tho
Rocky Mouniain Rangers, who are*in tho troubled
aren, henco they, being apprised of the real state of
affair*, niiglif. not. follow out fbe laudable examplenP
the "Don't Think Soldiers," nnd by ao doing tail lo
perform their mil duty for whieh they aro orgiuu/.-
ed.' We know of our own experience that the
sentiinetit ascribed -to thi* gcntlcmnu of tho military i« really held by most of the lending nf fiver* of
thc militia. Wo tspcciftlly rceornwend tlii* to tlie
Mtti-iitin-n «f tiie rtcnideotH of F«rtii*- and Conl Cr_»&.
TH E^C ANffllA N .BA-N&
*■■■• .■/OO..: C^MMERGfcf *i
■-,-    -.•.*    .**;■;-*..-.'-.^ -      ,*i.      — *-**-....    ""*-       '  *"'-^-■"*.--■■-.'--.;-
''     SIR EDMUND WALKER..C.V.O., LLD.. D.C.L, President.  {V;.
',..'-*..     ALEXANDER. LAIRD,; General Manager^
C*"1 *?>■'__■ - ■-}.-.
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000
REST, - $7;000,000
THE-SAVINGS BANKr DEPARTMENT,
of The Canadian Bank of Commerce .will receive deposits of-,$i.and;
upwards,Von which interest is allowed-at current rates. . There, is.no:,
...delay in withdrawing the wholeW-any portion of the.deposit.',;'.Small*"
deposits are welcomed;  ', *-"*:'7  '"/"-.'    ,,        . -*"*' •.".;;*,. ;s, ,>',[•"-, 234;.
7; Accounts may be opened in .the riames'of two or more persons, to be''
.operated by any one of th^e number or by the survivor.- A'joint accounts
of this kind saves expense in establishing tho ownership of the -money:
after death, and is, especially useful when a man desires to. provide "for
his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death.'' ; *
FERNIE  BRANCH . • . .   ,/ ' '■■•' '   L.  A. S.  DACK,  Manager."
I-
STOVES! STOVES!
' '' x '• •
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cock Stoves
J. M.   AQNEW & CO.,  ELKO
A MEANINGLESS CHIVALRY     '
By Mary* O'Reilly'
"The wilfully idle man, like the wilfully barren woman", has no place in a
sane, vigorous . community.','—Theodore Roosevelt. " *, , *
' Some' time aio the item appeared In
the newspapers': /■
'It' has slft'e_ out that Mrs. Long-
worthhas beenengaged for some;time
in a serious attempt to Instruct her
two pet monkeys in' the art bf talking.
-The former' president's daughter has
succeeded in'training them to dine at
a table."- \ " y
olt seems unfortunate that hereditary
qualities are not transmissable by adoption. . -a If they'were-Mrs. Longworth
might be spared the'burden of a "serious attempt" to teach the Roosevelt
monkeys to ] talk.. '•
*, Fortunate" monkeys! . They have a
table at which to dine, a well-filled
table, no doubt. ..J have before me a
copy of a. magazine devoted: to the
cause of homeWss.-children.
From ,the;.pagje8*.-look the faces .of
little, children* who are looking for
homes. One face is "peculiarly haunting. It is not a prettyJace. • One "eye
is higher than*-the other, and the face
is twisted to,one side. .-It Is above a
Twisted "body- which-.. ~f he "giftTof" sb7
ciety-to this* chlld-rbereft of-parents."
The eyes have'tlie'.keen intelligent look
of early maturity*-*, talnd which comes
to children who suffer. ,      , * *
Perhaps, if- th6_iRoosevelt;' monkeys
possessed the Rjoogevelt talent- for talking, Mrs, Longwijrjtli might have more
time for social sefvlce.
Perhaps she might see the haunting
looH in the "faces',of society's disinherited ones.       .;',
Perhaps, thivt look, might awaken
a latent maternal Jnstlnct which her
fathers' talking has failed to arouse. '
To shoot a mother monkey through
the breast, to see,her seize thp wound,
trying to closo It and stop tho flow of
blood with tho .fe£J)le. .helpless fingers
of one hand wlilld g}ie shelters her
babe wltli tlie ot|\qr; .this shows" a brutal lack of revorqnes.for motherhood,
ns Roosevelt's daughter knows,
The great hunter and the system of
society which he expresses nnd typifies
has no respect for,the mother,,
Thoy assign to,hor tho task .of supplying chlldron for tho fonrful wauto of
industrialism and commercial wars and
they would pay Jier with, the empty
phrases, tho cheap bribes of a mean-
InglosB chivalry.
Womon aro thinkers to-day,- and
workors aro thinking. They ano
thlnklng-of many, many things.   .
Moanwhllo; upon, tho text .quoted at
tlio beginning of this article, Roosevelt continues to talk.   .
Out his daughter.bear, no children;
and hor fathor iloae no work.
Dolow wo give a list ot tho Flro AI*
arm Boxgb already lnstallod and would
stiggoat that our Fornio readers cut
It out so that In enso of omorgoncy
no tlmo will bo lost in notifying tlio
Flro Dopai'lmctit
< Probnbly uomo of our citizens do
not know tlio locations by tho names
of tho Htroetn, but nH oach' box Is
numbered a Btroll around town would
furnish tho miod'ed Information, and
by so dplng tlioy will add lo their store
of knowlodfto of stroot nomonclaturo,
Anotlinr Improvement, which It la
hoped mny bo visible In tho noar fn*
turn will bo tho installation of stroot
rIrub, <
14   Corner Victoria Avenue and Prior
Street
Corner Victoria Avenue and Gem*
null   «ttrn»if
Corner Victoria and Cox Street
Corner Viotoria Avenue ond 'Rogers 8treet
Corner Victoria Avenue and Davie
8treet ij
Corner Fire Hall
Corner  Pellat  Avenue  and   McEvoy Street
Corner Howland Avenue nnd
Wood Street'
Corner Howland Avenue and Jaffray Street
Corner Howland and Drlnnan 0t.
Corner MePherson Avenue and
Thompton 6treet **
Corner Dalton Avenue and Cox
Street
Corner Chlpman tivetxxia and Cox
Street
Corner Chlpman Avenue and
ThompMn Sttrett *.
CigarStdpe
W. A. INGRAM
;*•   .Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
r. >"*•_* - .'\ '
BarberShpp    ,
»',,    V ;B(aths.Y _" [   •>
Shoe Shine. /".-_
Bowling, Alleys   ^
_. - h
*   Billiards *;and.Pool
"CoBee and-SanlwiclT
. Counter •_,
Hazelwood Buttermilk .
, '     i <. -ii- .".        "•■- "...
■ .- !,''*V;   *f. ■,*'  ■'.;■"_   it!   iy'   iV'i*.-
' - -.-.-•        .    -J'.. .   ..   *
''i'y Victoria.Avenue ?.',
FERNIE, B.a:-    Phone*34
On the first day of the month, after
they heard the elook etrlke twelve a
warm> dlscuealon took1 'place Ih
QUAIL'S HARDWARE 8TORE, Fernie
B, C, between a: aad Iron and a Souvenir range; i '    .    " '
When pressed' for an explanation,
ln order to smooth' over things, the
sad Iron said tho range got hot and
flow off Hb baso becauso It was' a
.black leg and a! fuel.
The range turned Its'back and Bald
the sad iron without reason wont off
tho handle. At' this tho jacknlveu
oponod up and .handled' somo cutting
remnrkB which caused tho "caso to
open and request thom to pockot
thoir Insults; b'{it thoy' ■ refused ,to
back out of tho discussion or shut
up. It had grown .so , spirited that
tho thomometors', dropped somo re-
markfl and thon (jot hot and went up
In tlio air,
Tlion tho chisel cut In with a tang
to Its firmer remarka. but tho auger
bit It, bocauso It'had boro enough.
Tlio plumb tried Us Hovol boat to
squaro things, but ovoryono was so
hot that a bar of solder started to
run nnd wns load away by ti hand-
snw which wns scrowod up to mich a
pitch that It showed Its tooth and
snld It novor saw such a cutting up.
' Rut tho Ico crenm froozor kopt cool
nnd turned nrouiid wllh nn ley slow
hocniiso It Is qulckor than lightning
when 1Mb Bttrred up,
Tlio rango IobI Us plpo and could
not umoko and began to olbow Ita
way along as lho' bono turnod to rubber and started to spoilt, but was
■Mntt off whon tlto min wiMit nff hnlf
conkdd and phmgod It.
It hflgan to qulot down and did not
wax grater ns a hob nail rallied Its
lioad and In a rasping volco said:
"Moss my solo I I hopo thla Ib tho
lastl"
J.D.
Hardware     Furniture
-    r-  ^,
IA..**-*.      -      'i
., -    . .The time is-now here when the question of hew ' *
-   "Window, Drapes must be considered, and our Now
Stock is now" ready' for your approval. -   It is cer- .
tainly the prettiest lot of Curtain Materials we _
■  have" ever, offered.'   "      .   v" . .   l
Dainty designs in"Madras, Stenciled, Scrims, Pish
,   .'Not effects, arid dainty Swiss Spots and'figures.
* > " ** - ** j "**
. You'are sure to find" in this stock just what you
,     *'     ...-■•.*..'.■     7      '    ■•        ' **,'*-
,   require." . *     . ' *:='-. ■_
*"„'.. We have also opened a special range of Nottingham and Net Curtains at prices ranging*,from ■
"Sl'"$1.00 to $7.50. '' ,The, $1.00 Curtain is^a good full- -
, size three yards in length, and all others are of
,. equally good value.   '■•*'.* *."_-,,
5-  .
Household
'Linen, and Cottons
We.have just received a direct importation of, '
very special values in .Linen Table Damasks and
,- ■ Napkins. *. Linen Sheetings and Pillar Cloths.     . ■
* Some'very special. Cotton-Sheetings and Pillar  '
- Cloths, as well as'a big range of Towels of different"
-makes,and,Towclings..'  - *:- ;"     '. ,7-. ,-f •-'
•-■ Make your Selection when the Stock is at its .best
.*"-■. ..-r-and that is now"!.   .    .   *",•$;""■
. .     __?■*; ■»■■ _.
TRITES-WOOD Co,
,.'ti
*7^ ll
7'."/
Limited
.'tlA.-.'.y-i:;-.-Yi   ll;.*:
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
And Nothing but the Best In Freeh
, and   Smoked   Meats,    Fresh    and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry., ;
Etc. Etc., so to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager PHONE 41
C. E. LYONS
'    -, * i ■ »•
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Busi-
nessand Residential property
j
JEFF
The Jeweler--That's All
Right on ihe corner
Elsetrlo tl_. ..d
CENTRALLV LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE, B.C    .
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MR9. 9. JENNINGS, PROPRIETKESS
Hot and Cold Water L. A. Mills*. Manager
LEDGER ADS PAY THE DIBraiCT I^GER, FERNIE, B. C, APRIL 1,1911.
^,y,m,,»^^rw„,, yyy! i:y.*>*»*^
-,,»»mm*im.mmm.i;my.wfl^
;   - - . . ."....- - -.- ■'.'". '■- ■ _.-, .7;—7." .7 ,  ;;-.*■■■; r     -     -- —. -     -      .     -^   "^
:♦ ♦ ♦.♦,♦ ♦ ♦ <* ♦,♦-♦ ♦ ♦
. ■.♦.■•_■ *;      ■.    '■■.■vr-^y~' +
'  *.♦'    ...COAL  CREEK   BY, 174 V    ♦
,_„. *♦* ♦ -ef •♦> ♦ ♦■♦ «►;♦ ♦;«&» ♦
-77,    The  general  quarterly:meeting  of
7 . ahe C. CL. and A7A: was''heldin the
...    ^Club-Hall last Sunday-afternoon;'with
--. - the President,- John.Shanks, in' "the
*.      chair,  .,Tke,ibaiance _heet.- which had
V'been. printed and handed but: among
■i ,\* "-the members for their.careful perusal,
"was.*finally accepted by the members.
,.   . A substantial balance now being in the
-.bank.i. The Secretary,* Win.'' McFegan,
handed  in.his resignation-as he* is
contemplating a trip to Scotland short-
_   Iy. '.Nominations were called for,a
new secretary, arid Wm. R. Puckey was
appointed by a largo, majority.     This
caused  a vacancy on  the .Board  of
Management which was filled' by the
/    appointment,of Wm. , Blrkett.    The
,- Easter   tournament   will' commence
shortly.    ,   ,-     ■ * ,    .*••-•*-■■-■
,* The musical smoking concert lii aid
of the family of the late Mrs. W. Evans
was not quite the success anticipated,
but those.that were present'had a real
, good- time.', The' Fort Steele Brewing
Co. supplied t_G-i*Muf_ine," The Trites-
Wood Cd.'the crackers arid cheese', and
- Mr. Ingram's cigar .tore the smokes.
" George O'Brien, as chairman, kept the
1   boys in good order.     >     ,,   ■ '
'/Programme:     Percy Hesketh, song,
. The Vetra'n."    Robt; Sampson, song,
Queen^of the Earth.   . Wm.'.Puckey,
, comlc^song*, I'd Like.to Have a Little
'"  Bit More.", Thos. Hutchinson,-   song,
' What I saw. in the Daily Mall..   G. Fin-
'   layson, .recitation, Laska "of."tie'  Rio
Grande.-    J. T;- Puckey,' comic/song,
.,  Don't Touch Me There.  • Percy Hesketh, song,. The   Bandeleiro.     Wm.
, Puckey, comic song, Ship, Aioy! Robt
. Sampson, song, Eileen , Alahnah.     J.
T. Puckey, comic'* song, Fetch John
Willie,  v J. Hamer,-.song, Skylark.' G.
Finlayson, recitation? Gunga Din..    ,T.
.  Davidson, comel song„Parody ori Har-
7,,-rIgan. J. Harrison, comic song, Chemist
Shop Assistants."" Wm. "Puckey, comic
.   song,"I do Like to be Beside the.Seaside. .'„, Q. Knox, song, Darling,, I am
Growing Old.    ; Fred Whitman,, song,
Selected. " J.T. Puckey, comic .song,'
' £et go*"Eliza./_,R6bt.* McLarrk; song",
' 'W;e_-Fpugbt,..Side7.by.Sid.e.. »,.C.: Hes-
-keth, recitation; .Little-Jim .^'(parody).'
„ Paddy,- Eagan, song; Napoleon's * Fare-
All the mines were,idle up.here'pn
Wednesday • on' account ■ ,,of"* a'-, special
meeting called-by _the Distr/ct Officers
to(, discuss their .latest;meeting' with
■Western Coal Operators. ,'"A'special
train;was run from* here "at 1 o'clock
and "a large muster of .men" journyed
to"Fernie to attend/;l" * '".'-' 7" ';'
',. -Another grand,smoking concert arid
presentation will be held in the Club
Hall,- ori Saturday, evening,' April. lst,
at 8 p.m. sharp, on behalf of Wm. McFegan, who is leaving for Scotland for
a vacation. All club members are invited to attend and'niakc it a good
success:-,..,''. _      .■,.*'
Jack Harrington, who has been visiting . friends and relatives along the
Pass,'was up here Tuesday last.
■K6SMER notes.
By "Kritlk."    '
♦*♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦,♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
-■-w.ii*r-^joeiiamerr3qngrrih7Wearing
My Hearrt "Away. f6r/rYou_7i,.y'jr*.'?r."
Pucky, comic s6rig,"A.Little.Bit'Farth-
, er .Down:''   -Dickson7,Bennett,   song,
Stop, Your Tickling, Jo'cii.   -'Geo. Knox,
',spng, Kitty Wells.,, T.. France;"song,'
..' The White 'Squall.     T. Hall,.'comic
nsopg.'When 1 was a.Nipper.^Geo_^npx
song*; Down' by the River side." Finale,
Auld. Lang S$*ne. :/v'    . ->* '/    ';   ■
-Mrs. C. Powell and'children'left-on
Tuesday morning for Vancouver whore
,they/,will.take up tbelr residence-as
Charlie has, made a Start in business at
. plumbing and ttnsmithlng    HU many
■ friends ait Coal Creok wish him every
success in his new venture. >;*'
"* Now. that the snow has gone from
where the sidewalks usod to bo; it Ib
• to be hoped that somo one will tako
the;matter,up and soo that(a little im-
provement is made on our Boulevards,
as part of the sidewalk ls llko a^'toeple
chase courso even to.the the,water-
Jump, and many'a ono •' has' 'got thoir
foot wot those last two or three weeks
through not. being'nimble,.enough on
theirplfiH."       '       '" "''
* A cave-In occurred at Boilers on
Tuesday, caused by stacking too much
coal against four and a'half inch wall;
thus  Itnocklng  four boilers out of
1.ubIi_ob8 for that day, and' ail the
mines, but No. 1 woro off work as a
rosult, thoro not bolng onough nlr to
raise tho different hoists.   .*
The'Evans chlldron left hore last
wool, ond for WhltehnVen, England.
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Shonflold moved
down to Fornio on Thursday.   .'
,' Steve, Lawson, manager of the _>_
mer Meat/has' a face wrea*. hod    in
smile's as he.:was presented with    a
10 lii. bouncing boy.on the 23rd.   Mo:
ther.'and child both doing well."- ,   ,'   'i
Mike Boasally has purchased .* the
[stock and fixtures of A. Mathieson and
will.coritlnue to.occupy,the same store
without any,.change.in*.the staff.■;.Mr.'
Mathieson remains as manager. '•' ;
, With the approach of spring weather
and the-expected cessation of mining
•operations throughout the * Pass.-'over
twenty men departed on Tuesday's
passenger'and'a greater riuinlier mark-,
ed .'Wednesday's "exodus. '■•;''      V.'■■,
J. JP: Houlahan, _he "well-known hust-.
ler'for the Singer Sewing. Machine Co*
with.headquarters in Nelson, was in
town this week looking a.fter the Inter-
o .; ,ct the company he represents.   -
Th3 school bell'has.been in nn in-
veiled position in1 the belfry for the.
past 3 months* and-we hope that this*
state of affairs will'* be remedied by
some man who takes'sufficient Interest in the matter to-leave his business-
a fe-^ .minutes and set it right so that
it can be rung.' •*■ - *"""*,,, -
< The. funeral" of'.Kim Lee, the Chinaman who was killed .by" falling from
the !G.,;N.; fly. .bridge, last; .Wednesday
night week* while returning to':Camp
gjwhere he worked;as cook, took place
haps—   Oh, weel, we'll no bug oa you
Jamie the noo;;'.better' bide- a wee,
Eh? ...-.      : ...••-.•» y.'\ ■
, Mr. David Irving has departed for
Vancouver- Sunday last.* - ■ .
-*'Dr. Harold Anderson", ;,of- Fernie;
came up last" Saturday to" assist Dr.
Hjggins in the performance*of a very
serious operation which we are pleased to report was.' successful as ' the
patient is progressing favorably.  ','
Mr. C. B. Winter drove over to Fer-
ie last Saturday..,'.,.,'". ■' A."»
- Miss'Elsie Simpsin is ari inmate of
the hospital but we "are informed "is
somewhat - improved at the .present
Writing.
- W.„ T., Watson, returned Monday
morning fronvhis weekly visit .to his
old haunts among the foothills.
. :,Mlss Agnes Gourlay.has blossomed
Into, a very active and sympathetic
nurse. She spent several nights last
week iri atendance' upon Mrs. Reynolds
with very gratifying ,results* as the
latfy, thanks to* the gentle care bestowed, is now safely oyer a,very serious
illness. 7        :* -  ' -
**kAti***kkkkkk*kkkkk*kkk**
J-7, ■ .. ;      .  :■*-__ " "*
$ Letters Jo
$       The Editor
4^^MM^iMcy»y¥yyy¥yyYVy*¥^y»
i-The editor is. not   responsible ifor
articles that are sent in.
-Mr.* F. Cox had his foot injured-by
a car running over it, while he was
at .^work; outside the'.mines on Satur-
day.'     •,'•*.:-,',.
Mr. Duncan Campbell is registered
at the' Royal  Hotel, from Dingwall,
Rosshire. Scotland, arriving here Wednesday/week *       '-'    ..-',-■■'
Mrs. H.'F.'M'cLean.'of'Fernie, visited Mrs. Higgins, at rthe .hospital on
Monday last.',;*,-*   *",.-,    '
-„Mrs.  Bfownrigg visited friends  in
Frank and,Bellevue this'week.-
; Mr. Robt. Strachan is enjoying a'few
days quietly at home with his family.
. On Tuesday there ^was a mass'meeting held by the miners,; who asked for
and received a half!holiday to attend.
Secy. A. -J. Carter from Fernie' and
J. C. "Smith; District' 'Board Member
of Coal Creek accompanied by inter-
perters for, the foreign brothers, explained the'situation as it stands and
told what" had'been done, at the
cent cortference-at Calgary.     '
re-
on^Suriday^arid. .*was% attended /by 1 a
.taTge pumbeV .of • men and*.'b'oys.;.. It
was' ari ^lnusual-'c'eremony.-'■, Poor old'
Kim.was a general favo-ite nnd many
wore the expressions bf regret at the
yiidpking.man'ner in which he'met his
•.loath. ""■',..'
,;^r8. Stone,,, of Calgary, lefLon ,AIon*.
day for, Portland, Ore., after spending a, few days visiting her daughter
here^'MrB.- Mu"s'grov6..' '' ■-' *.''"■' '* •y-'
■• Mr. Lewis Stockett,/of the Hosmer
Mines Co., returned home on Sunday
morriirig from'Calgary where he,has
been attending the, conference between the operators and the miners..
Miss White, who haB boen - doing
private- nursing of- patients for Dr.'
Ross at Coloman, arrived.homo Mon-.
day.'   ,', ■'
, Miss Rankin suffered a Bevore fall
on Monday when crossing tho railroad
track. Slipping and losing her foothold;.'she struck hor faco,*upon a^rnll
and bears unmistakable ovlde/ico of
tho fact In tho shape of variegated eye
In which ,'groon predominates.       ,,
Sam Snell has bobbed up ngnln
sorenoly and Is handshaking with his
numerous | friends,
Mr, arid Mro. Allen woro Covbin visitors last Friday, calling upon friends.
, Mrs, I-I. A. Brown spont several daya
during tho woolc with Fernio Mends,
Among tho citizens who were vlsl-
tors to tlio noar by city we note Mr,
Davis, Mii-sos Maggie and Florence
Miller, Mrs, Dalllng and Mr.Jamps
Maltraan, tho laBt namoil gentleman
Is a regular Sunday visitor nnd por-
* ♦ ♦ ♦ •*'♦♦'♦ <-> ♦ + .
«
♦/ COLEMAN' by 22 7 *
* 'i %'""-'.
* ♦ ♦ ♦^'.♦■,'♦*♦.•♦; ,♦.*♦••'
..Mr. Charles Dunlop is suffering from
T IX 17     T & n
mm     XX   JL*-     *   rJL-iJLaf   JL
JLm     aT»-
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
FIFTY ROOMS-COMFORTABLE.
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
R. FAIRCLOUGH, p™?™Jor
COAL CREEK, B. C.
bruises' inflicted.'.' upon^his' foot1 by: a
fall of-rock in No. 4.    'Glad to report
favorable progress/; '7*. \ •'     <•
, 'Mrs. J. 0. C. McDonald is nursing a
■bipod ppison-ed hand..      , •    ",     ,
'-George'Brynn arid son are leaving
von .a short trip to the land of'leeks
apd Rugby" football" champions; '-'
/Mrs Wl.lliam Watson is at present
on,her way to hernative beath where
the, thistle bloom.
Mrs. RobertiEaston 'purchased a
ticket Inst week for the purpose of
.visiting'her'aln fplkMn Scotland. '
-The masquerade, ball held, last Friday night by the members of'the F. 0.
E. was a marked success and all who
attended say that tho Eagles are sure
"birds" aB hosts.'
Sony* of tho characters represented
wero, historical, othors. brought back
visions of' childhood days arid nursery
rhymes, while several are entitled to
rank,In,a,distinct class,
Here are tho descriptions of aomo
Thoro was tho sailor girl, wIiobo nau-
Ileal exporlonco probably Is ilimited
to salt, the curling girl, perhaps bettor
at arranging her wavy, locks than using a-broom (that is on tho Ico), thon
iMnrlo Antolnotto waa reincarnated,
Mothor Hubbard, minus hor symbolical
bono tripped gaily along, mingling and
chatting wlth'quoonB both of hoarta
nnd roses; flower girls, Russian prln-
cobbob, dairy maldo, Spanish ballerina,
anolont Briton gipsy, and tho representative of wisdom's prototypo—the Coloman minor.
■! The mnlo characterizations wore do-
o(dortly cosmopolitan, Dutch, French,
SpnnlBh, Itnllnn, Porslnii and Chlnoso,
not to montlon comical nnd modloval
typos. -
Tho following prlzos woro awarded:
LndloH! 1st, Mrs. Disney (Mnrlo An*
tolnotto); 2nd, MIbh Kolly (Colomnn
Miner).
Gents.: 1st, Mr, Slrrln (Rocky
Mountnln Comont SncUfl); 2ml, Mr.
Hnll (ono of Mrs. III. TTollor'n hoiih).
"Tho Kink" Bald thnt. ho boenmo so
lmproBsotl -with his oxnltod position
that ho folt lho tiny tollowliip., whon
cnllod upon to use the plcii lnstoml
of wielding tho sceptre, that Ills dignity rocolvod n sovoro shock.
"The Prince" likewise nniil thnl In-
fitonil of hnvlng othors run aftor him
ho hns to do tho running,
r."fvCILL PACULTV Or  MtUICINt
We have this wook received lho prospectus of tho Faculty of Medicine from
McdllJ University announcing tho 1011
P0Bt gmdunto course commences on
M-finrlny, .TiiriA i*>n.( ■>«
porlod of six week*.
Further Informntlon will bo furnltih-
od upon application bolng mndo to J.
W. Scone, M. D„ Ho»ls(rnr of Fneully,
Tout ouvrier mlniur «»t
prle de ne pat vsnlr « It pro-
vlnce, d'Alberta ou au banln
du Kootenay (Colomble An*
pl«l«t) putlqn'll y a plus de
woo t«n» empiol.
To the Editor, District Ledger, Fernie.
Dear Sir.—I have' been requested by
the members of Coleman Local Union
to write to you explaining;the' real
cause of sihe, stoppage at the mines
of the International Coal and Coke Co.
from March 20th to the 24th, and
would ask you to'publish same in
the next issue of your valuable paper,
so that the miners of tho district and
the public in general will understand
the true facts of the case.      ^
In order to,enable" your readers to
judge for themselves, it will be necessary for me to go back to the year
1905.   In the fall of .that year Coleman
Local Union No, '2633 , arrived' at the
conclusion that a hospital for,the' benefit, of the, residents; of the town, and
more especially for 'emergency cases,
when accidents happen in orvj around
the mine, was an "absolute necessity.
,.As'.,no one seemed to be interested
in;the matter, the. said local union
at one of their meetings, decided to
build a hospital."  At that meeting a
committee was .appointed , to - select
the best location'-, and .also to, inter
view the'. International Coal arid'Coke
Co. and';; ascertain how far' they were
willing to. assist the Local'Union in
carrying out their project.    »
-The  committee, appointed  by. the
miners consisted.of three men," viz.,
H. Gates',' president of the union at
that time, C-Brookes, secretary,_and
Sam.Armstrong.   .This'committee met
Mr/H. N.' Galer; of the .International
Coal andiCoke Co. and;.laid the matter
before him.;;'  •_.,'".'*, . .-■
..Mr.-Galer,expressed great satisfaction'with, th'e plans, laid before him
by that.committee,'and stated that~he
was .entirely* in.-, sympathy with -.the'
moveinent.. - On being asked how far
he thought the Coiripany woud assist
in the carrying'out of the scheme, he
promised on. behalf of the. company:
One lot free*(the union to purchase
vo.. *
rtBa/secoiTd/one,.that would,, be required bn-which to.build the, hospital);
also, when.the hospital was completed
the company wpuld supply, free * light;
water, and coal.1 I**;? < ■,-•--
' With" this.understandlng, the Miners
-.Union-went*.ahead;r-and the bospitaj
:was completed "and ready for patients"
.in March, 1906. ;    '   ■-     J ' ,        \
, This undertaking cost the- Members
of the Coleman Local one per cent of
their'earnings for twelve months. .
* Everything went sriioothly until
October 31st, 1910, when the company
•presented a bill for light and water
for the hospital,-amounting to $1G..50,
and dating* back' to November, • 1909,
just ono year. At the foot of the bill'
was the following note: "■•'', *'
' /[This bill is not to be considered
as .a waiver of our 'dlalms for light
and water for months previous, but
we hopo to be ablo "to adjust our
provlous claims to your^'atlsfactlon at
an early date."        ' '■' ■ \
At.the first meeting; after tho ro-
colpt1 of'the bill,,lt was road to the
mombors prosont, who expressed thoir
disapproval of tho action' of the com-
pany, as it was always understood
that tho company hod uridortokon at
the tlmo tho hospital was built, to
supply thoHO Il.om-J free'of chart.*., nB
long'ns tho Institution was run,by
tho miners* union."
Up to this tlmo the company "hnd
novor glvon nny Intention thnt thoy
Intended to chnrgo for those supplies.
Tho bill was thon turned ovor to tho
hospital board for Investigation, nnd
thnt board appointed throo of thoir
mombors to Intorvlow tho compnny on
tho mattor. This commltteo mot Mr.
Whllosldos, tho present manngor of tho
company, who stntod that Mr. Onlor's
understanding wan tlmt ho promlsod
tho com'mltlco wlio jntorvlowod hlm
light, wntor and conl for lho*porlod
of either nix or twolvo months, u
wnn thon doomod nrtvlanblo to obtnin
In writing froni tho momhoni'of tlm
commlttoo who Interviewed Mr.fJnlor
thoir understanding of lho promlsus
mnde by Mr. Onlor nt tho Intorvlow,
Ab one of this committee la now living
nt Koromoos, n. C.„ nnd ono nt lloslyn
Wnsh., It wns somo tlmo boforo tliolr
ropllos cnmo to hnnd. However, whon
snmoenmo to hand ench member of
Iho commlttoo oxprosfletl surprlso nl.
tho nctlon of tho compnny, nnd Mated
Mr. nnl^r wnn Mint lhe rom)".nnj',a
donntlon to lho honpltnl wnB froo light
nnd wnter nnd conl for ns lonn ni tho
hospltnl wns run by llio mlnori' union,
Thono lottors woro plncod before llio
hnnnllnl bnnrd .nml ♦liny .*wj.],-i ., .,
It would be bottor for tho member*
of that commltteo to nddross thoir
lottors to tho compnny direct, which
wns dono. Thoso letters wero Imnded
to tho company by a commlttoo of
tho hospltnl bonrd. when Uiey vere
told by Mr. Whltouldos thnt Mr. (.filer
would not mako any such jiromlse
without first obtaining th* pemlmlon
of tho dlroctors, whloh had never
boon granted. He. Mr. WWtwldeo,
suRgosted thai the committee idrirean
a lottor to hlm refjueitlng *i)i« compnny
to exempt the hoipltal trpm nil pay-
munis due jirlor to Hum, nnrt promised j
to u«e liln Influence to have this re
quest granted.    This would cover the
period previous, to his taking charge
asv general manager" of the company.
This' committee reported to a meetiiig
of the Local Union the result of their
interview   with.  Mr.  Whitesides,  and
the,members   again "expressed   their
dissatisfaction     on     the     following
ground's:* First, that itvhas been distinctly understood, that the company
supply free light, water and coal as
long as the hospital is run by the miners' union for the benefit of the residents of Coleinan and the employees of
the coal compnny; this "opinion being
verified by„,the committee, to avhom
the promise was given.   Second, that
aB the promise was a verbal one, and
no time specified, we. are of_ the, opinion.-that the Impressions of. tho committee who met Mr. Galer are correct,
and. we think that the company have
proved, Inasmuch as they have never
presented   any  bill   for 'four  years.
Third, that,were it the intention of
the company to charge for these items
after the expiration of,any particular
period that may have been understood
by  them,   It  would  only  have  been
fair to the miners' union and businesslike, on their part to have "notified" us
that after a certain date we would be
charged' for light, water and coal sup-
plied to the hospital.     Fourth, that
we do not think it advisable jto write
the company making the request "suggested , by   Mr.   Whitesides, -as   that
would practically be'an admission of
"our liability for the items under'question' from 1908 until the present..
Tne officials of the union thought
that a letter addressed to the,directors and therein explaining all the
circumstances would be the quickest
"way-'to-have the matter straightened
but. -■-This .letter *wds sent, but, up
to.,now.no acknowledgement of same
has been, received.
In the meantime we have been presented with another bill for .$S6l.50
and'dated March 10th.
(jii March 17th Air. Keegan.,the com-
pariy's. accountant, told a* member of
the hospital board that Mr. Whitesides
intended holding.the cheque for assessments, which includes union dues, doctor and hospital and checkweighriian,
as security for ,the account rendered
until the hospital'board met him and
cameTtc?
-■■■MMMMMMH^yyv^ ;
G. N. Railway
.-*_> *. -  **'
Fernie to
,      -a
Liondon
by Rail and Boat First Glass"
$99.90
account, of     o •**
Coronation
Full particulars ;at Local Office
f Ads Pay
T. W. Davies
I
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Coleman
7k,UlU.-<
understanding ;re_same"
ns ilic> 1-ad_ promised to do so. . &
*;Wheri I" went.to the, office for the
cheque on Saturday tijey refused to
give it to me, stating tho reasons
give,a above.- -7.,  v.:;* ..:■'■•
On Saturday,, March, 17th,, we,;re-
.celved.-enother .bill for*.$B51.50. r ,-•
*, There,was a meeting of the' miners'
union on' Sunday, when theso matters
were laid before the members, with
the result that a motion was passed
to the'following effect: "Thn: a
committee be appointed to'visit Mr.
Whitesides and ask him to < give n
written guarantee that tho cheque
tyoultl In.- handed ovor to the union on
Motriny- and should ho'rofuso to do
thio, to inform him that tlie union hnd
dt.cklod tc cease work until snmn wn3
done, as accordnlg to agreement Mr.
Whitesides had no right whatovor to
hold the cheque' under nny pretext
whatever." Mr. Whitesides flat refused to.glvoany'Euarnnteo that this
would bo done, with tho result that tho
men stopped work In,accordance with
the resolution passed at thoir meeting,
of which Mr. WhltoBldos had beon no-
tiriod hy tho commlttoo appointed* to
moot him,
Tho union offlclnls thought it nd-
vlsnblo to havo tho opinion of, their
ilawyor on this mnttor, nnd ho nrrlvod
on Tucsdny morning.
Tho Pit Commlttoo nnd their lnw-
yer, Mr. Palmor, Interviewed Mr. Mc-
Lood, tho company's lawyor, to try to
arrange a sottlomont of tlio dlsputo,
and during this Intorvlow Mr. McLeod
mado tho statement, that tho check-off
system wns not worth tho pnpor It
wns written on, nnd thnt tho eompnny
did not hnvo to mnko deductions from
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
°v " *   ■
Give us a call
Luncheons Served 01
every day from 0 a.m. to ll'p'.m.
Pork and Beans Saturday
SHIP &
Storo Phono'iiB
MacKENZIE
Houso Phono 180
H
I am agont for -.
Ito Pride of Alberto''
an
A Flour, of which one
trial is all that is needed
to prove, its >vorth.
Try "CKEMO'U break-,
fast food*that.is a food
W. G. Warn
General Merchant
Hillcrest     -     Alta.
•Wm. Murr y^?—-Pfopv
JONES
THE   POPULAR BAKER
Coleman .
WH6LESALE and retail
DEALER
Special arrang-ements for
Parties,   etc
Order your ChrUtnia. Cake early
Apply  for , Price  List
—i>reau-uiidTCakeB__"nippea-o"n"?thi_r
". .'Local for Eastern Camps   ;.__,
ers
(Contlmioil on Pngo fl)
-New. Michel
& Blairmore
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS' HALL
ur
a*  *y■_•
Cf* r*,4-
I I
-vuiir_.ii.ig a i_otcery
But we are putting on the best
Motion Picture Show in
ern Canada.
West-
Prices   IO and   15c .-.--•A-
■■'-3S-
"-.Ti "ir.,'
**0_r1
^---;-■-■■&.,
~-v '.,-
.*.**
;->■'. *.
r.y*-;f \
*.-.-\
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, AHU-C 1,1911. 77
r **k*******kkkkkiik*kkkkkkk*****xi
The Commercial Classification offimls j
[***** *m********* v if************* *******w*y***v*itt**)'*********** ******** **.*****n
The Qualities Necessary in Fuels According to the Purposes for Which
They are to be Used.
*-    Fuels in their natural state, may be
classed as (1) saseous, (2_ liquid and
(.I) solid.    Undar the third class,.coal
only will be considered in, this paper.
Coal is techik-a'Vy classified as nu-
. thracite, semibitun\lnous, and liguiUc.
, In the com m.rcl.il classification of
fuels, coal am Inov as  fl)   steam,
'(21, by-product  coking,   (?)   producer
gas  (4) .illun-_l.1_.1-_T. gas, (.1 cedent,
an<l (6) domestic.
Steam coal constitutes more than
RO per* cent of aP coals miner), and
a wide range in quality. For steam
production all kinds of coals''are used
with the following range of analytical
values: 0 „
.Volatile mat'ec from ,i,V per com in
' 42 per cent.        °     '*   - .
Ash, from 4 p_:-' cent to . S per oct ;.
Sulphur,* from .8, per eeiii. to 5 por
cent.-. ' -,
British ther onl units, from -),u00 to
14.800. '7   '
Anthracite is not included and will
be eliminated fron furtner consider-.-
tiou, as its use ia confined principally
* to the large cities and densely populated districts , nlong' the eastern* seaboard of tho .lit-sil States, where local
conditions de**eri*_ne almost .entirely
the fuel to be isi-.    ^      ,
Stc-airi coal nay he subdivided into
locomotive, 3teama'i*.p,;* and stationary
power plant.-fue.3. ,\   .
•Locomotive fuel'is re'iuirea to meei
rapidly the *ma*-un*nir_ variations in'ile-
ruand'for steam, and a coal .which will
deliver a.'.consids.vMe  portion  bt..'is
. total  heating   value  in   the   .hoH?ot
'. possible time 's ilie most satlsfae!** .y
this requirement is best mot by gas
' >oal, as it' will give up- about o?.e
tliird Its total he it within  ' minutss
■' after firing, due to' the liberation nnd
combustion of the volatilj matter. The
,   remaining fixed  carbon  maintains  a
• cor. <-tant temp.**__n*o by .its practicallv
. uniform rate of cr.mli istion.
That'the m3'iiv.*-_oE flrlni; and "th-*"
- condition of the locomotive are the nil-'
in-e^f actors in "smoky' or "smokeless"
operation of lo':-motives with gas coal
rTa^been_'povea'D'TTolSe^"f"the~ieard-"
ing railroads. „  li:  such case1' llirte-
■quarter gas coal is used with vory'snt-
isfi-ctory results, and almost 'smokclops
combustion. :     ,
To avoid excessive smoke, low-vola-
•tile coals of high heating value are
often used, but they do not burn as
quickly as gas coals,  a -shortcoming
- compensation for by the reduction of
smoke.
Aside from regions where low-vola*
tile coal ls the most available fuel
and localities where strict smoke laws
prevail, low-volatile coal Is used by
some railroads on certain passenger
' runs in order that the quantity of
Btnoke may be moro easily kept at a
minimum.
While lilgh-ash coril Is not especially
desirable in locomoflv. fuel It is used
with vevy satisfactory results, duo lo
the readiness with which tho ashes can
bo removed from tho firebox as well
ns to tho Increased gralo Riirface wllh
which rocont locomotives arc provide*!.,
_ or locomotlvo fuel, sulphur In coal
need ho given no serious ronsldcrnllon
Tlio belief that locomotlvo coal must
be lumpy or screened Is gradually disappearing.
Owing lo tho strong ilrnfl In a locomotlvo firebox 11 largo proportion of
flno coai,Is objectionable, an consider-
nblc of It may ho cnnicid through tho
fluon without combustion. Tho ion*
doncy to exaggerate tho oxtent nf such
loss Is dii'i largely to prejudice ngntn-nt
any but lumpy coals for locomotive
use,
HtonniHliip fuol Ih required 10 moot a
steady demand for steam, an tlio boiler
load I'ciiiuliiH pi'iiclliully contttnut om 0
tho vghhoI Is undor way, For mirh
fioivlco a fuol high In heat units ami
linvlng n prnctlcnlly uniform rnto of .lo
llvory of Its lien I wilts Is best adapted.
Low-volntllo coiiIh nro moBt rioxlrnhla
for steamship fuel, nml nearly nil vow-
ho!h of thn trniiH-Atlantlc (rndo nnd
of tlio United fltnleo nnvy hnvo *vlo*.-t*
ed Hiu-li a fuol.
. Practically the ...entire tonnage cf
low-volatile coal reaches the market as
run-of-mine, consequently the per een
tage df small coal is considerably iri
excess,of that in a similar quantity of
run-of-mine bituminous coals; but this
is not objectionable in steamship operation, because with the draft much
less than in locomotive operation, the
loss due to unburned.coal is'small."
On some freight''vessels sailing the
Great Lakes mechanical stokers havo
been Installed that use slack of bituminous coals with satisfactory results,
as far as can bo-learned.
The chemical analysis for steamship
fuel would be within the range of percentage values given, for locomotive
fuol—specifications usually requiring
ash under 10 per cent., sulphur about
2 per. cont, or under, volatile matter
approaching the lower limit, and Bri'
ttsh thermal units near the upper
limits. Sulphur content is of no importance,-'and the requirements of 2
per cent, or' under ^iust be' met to
satisfy the purchaser rather than lie-
cause of any detrimental effect,,the
sulphur may have on the fuel value
of the coal. *
The load of large central power1 stations usually varies greatly, and to
meet the peak loads the.fuel must gen-
'erate steam quickly. The'advantages
of meeting this demand by using a coal
which will givo up a large proportion
of its heat units In the least time
sfter firing becomes mo-o apparant
as the boiler lef'd and capacity ap
proaches an equality.   „ ,
, The selection of coal for large power plants in densely,populated districts
is influenced by the smoke laws operative in such localities,* and to comply
with the law low-volatile coals are given preference. • ' ..
'.In boiler plants fired by mechanical
stokers in the eastern United States,
low-volatile nin-of-mine coal is used,
crushed so that no piece exceeds 3
inches in size.
In the central section the prevailing
practice.in large plants is stoker-fed
boilers, using slack , or screenings ■ of
bituminous coal. Fuel of this size
avoids the necessity of crushing,' and,"1
for the greater portion of the time
affords practically "smokeless operation.* Bituminous slack ia capable pf
meeting sudden changes in load more
rea_dlly__ths,___ low jyplaUle_cqaL and 'al-
operatlon   under
lows 'more uniform
widely varying plant loads. .■■■>-.'
Where freight is the, larger part of
fuel cost, the. highest quality of coal
is the best Investment for the piirchas-
er.as.the cost of transporting coal of
any quality for the same distance
would be identical, _ For this reason
principally .the eastern United States
Is the great market for the best
grades of low-volatile coal. In tho
.central section"slack Is tho cheapest
fuel obtainable.
If the. use of low-volatllo coalls advantageous . In largo bollor plants
equipped with mechanical stokers, the
peak loads nro usually provided for
by having ample boiler capacity; ' In
small power plants with .hanil firing,
tho size of conl Is considered of Importance;' In rnro Instances'do such pHnts
have tho variations In load commonly
found In Inrge power plants. Taking
Into consideration steam fuels used
in tho various regions, It Is found that
they cover tho entire rango df ohenil-
cal values,, but In some small plontB
a coal low In ash Is desirable oii account of furnn.-o-p.rnto arrangements.
Smoko prevention ls frequently of
much Importance, Cnrc In manner of
filing nnd selection of conl will uminl.y
permit of operation within the requirements of tho Hmolco lnwH..
For by-product, coking, requirements
as lo quality nro far moro strict tlinu
for Bt earn coal, tho rango of sulphur
bolng confined to rnthor narrow limits.
In tho by-product process co'nl Is cokrd
In such a mnpner that the Ens, Uu-,
nnd nmmonln nr.o rocovorod. (Ins Is
sometimes llm principal product nnd
tho nmmonln, tnr, nnd coko nro tlm byproduct h,
A sntlsfnctory by-product mum bn
rich In gnu, nml moot cerlnlii require*
mollis ns loqunllty of Homo of Hi)
constituent olomonis, tlio limits of
wliich nro ilulormlnnil largely by tho
purpoBOH fnr which lho coko Ih Io ho
used, Tills men iih thnl gns eonls nro
most ilofllrablo for such uno. Wlillo
mnny low volntllo poiiIh will yield n
HiiMsfm-iory coko, llmlr yield of gnu Ih
low, and bituminous coals other than
gns coiiIh nro unanliod, bncnimn thoy
are non-coking nnd their RnH lncka Iho
rich llliimlnnnl found In strictly "gns"
cortls.
When; UlumlniUluB nan Is lho principal feature nml tho coko la not In
valids for by-product 'cojtls 'would -be
represented, by: -_.'.'-.;.    . ...   _'_,'
Volatile matter, from 28 per cent to
06 per cent.      .'""-*
Ash; froiii 6 per cent to 7.50 per cent,
, Sulphur, from minimum to 1.50 per
cent for coke use for metallurgical purposes. From minimum to 2.50 per cent
for coke not Intended for metallurgical
purposes. ' -'    ' ' 7  """•'
Fuel'for producer gas covers a wide
range In values, especially since gas
engines are meeting with increased- favor as-prime movers. . -
Producer gas found favor by supplying tho demand for cheaper fuel, and
is used principally for metallurgical
and'power purposes, although it Is applicable'for kiln-burning of^clay products, lime, cement, and firing steam
boilers. The principal use of producer
gas is in the -manufacture of steel,
whicli requires a coal ranging from a
minimum to 1.5 per cent in sulphur
content.
All coals will produce about * the
same quantity of producer gas, but iij
metallurgical* processes, gas coal is preferred, for the reason ..that its gas
burns with . a longer' flame, "giving
more uniform -flistributlon pf heat at
high temperature.    ",
Other bituminous coal'' from which
the demand could be supplied and' sat-'
isfactory temperatures obtained have a
prohibitive sulphur content. The selection of- fuel for producer gas * ls
limited by" the use to be made of the
gas and the type-of producer. • 0
"* Producers are classified jiccordihg
to the method of operation as (1)
suction, (2). pressure', "and (3) down
draft. '     •    '■_ *■*   ■
The suction producer has found application in small plants operated by
gas engines, and the fuel has been
limited "almost exclusively to charcoal,
anthracite' and coke, or fuels, whose
gas- is free from tar, which is very
objectionable in* gas engine operation.
Pressure, producers are' operated under a "low pressure produced by a blast
of steam and air. -* This, is the type
generally ,used for metallurgical'' purposes where the gas is "used*'direct
from the* producers and tar is not objectionable ' . '""
; For gas engine use the gas is'stored
and the tar removed before, passing
to the engine,'-and lignite, peat,* and
bituminous .coals,' as 'well as'charcoal,
.coke^and=anthraclte =rmav=^-be=satisfac-*
torily used In  _his type of producer.
fi^^-JHWt*.*-**^*^^ j.: If coal which"ignites slowly is.used
ignition takes•p.lace.trjo.farj.nside the
kiln, giving the" zone of. maximum temperature at such'-'a distance from thp
firing end that'difficulties are encountered in securing proper clinkeririg of
the cement', besides increasing loss of
heat, due to-th'e: waste'gases leaving
the kiln at a high temperature: While
gas coals are considered the .best for
cement"-burning,,'other high .volatile
bituminous  coals  are  used' satisfactorily,       - '*   ""'^      ]y[ _;  .,'-   '"   '    ,'
domestic coal'must meet consumers'
requirements as to size and is prepared as lump, egg and nut.    ^Coal.
firm In structure   and   suffering the
minimum' amount of breakage in hand-'
ling* will meet* domestic; requirements
most satisfactorily.    It should be non-
coking or free burning, so that its
heat is given off*readil>\  'The ash
should be small in quantity and free
from clinker.    ."     ■   '
' Export bituminous coal must bo In
large sizes and of firm,' tough structure, , that it may reach Its ''destination in large sizes with minimum-amount of breakage.    This coal is usually passed over iy. inch screens before
shipment from .mines.
Witli the low volatile or*semibitu-
minous coals-which produce .'a "large
amount,,of * fine,coal lh "mining, size
of coal for domestic purposes Is*obtained by .'screening.*. > For export .these
coals are usually shipped as. run-of-
mine. ' 7 , " - ' ■"-
, * , *■ --**
" In general the preparation of coal
DISMAL OUTLOOK FOR
AMERICAN MINERS
Unparalleled Situation, Says U.M.W.
- Journal—More Miners, Than ?Ever
';Outof Work — Few.^Gettig'Even
..Three Days' Work Each Week.!■'„_.*.
DR; WRIGUESWORTH, D. D..' 8.
yy; ■ yiy- ;dentist. -*"-.";- >~
,**■ ;- <. -.-*. -,,"- ' •* "■-_!> 7*.' y r*~-i.W'
.' . Office:' Johnson-Faulkner Block."
Hours 9-J2;'1-6 ;■.
\  *■*
•"ernie
Phobo72
B. C.
_ "*fv
for* market .by.the removal of slate,
bone,-and sulphur balls, is of'importance to the producer,as well as'the
purchaser. It "is of importance, to
the producer in extending his market
by' maintaining the.- reputation • of the
coal he produces at a high standard,
and to the purchaser that he may receive the" greatest fuel value for the
money expended. -        . ,      %
Sulphur balls .produce^ about one-
,third as much heat in burning as the
same weight,"of coal, and on this basis
alone are not sol'objectionable as other
impurities, ; which • have no ' heating
value whatever!' They are objectionable on account of difficulty in handling the clinker1 they, produce.
'..The impurities without heating value'
go to increase the amount of ash, and
represent* so mueh0,worthless material
at the same price and'.freight rate
as the' coali - As transportation, is us-,
ually'the greater, portion' of cost of
coal to-the consumer, the importance
of, removing, as- much free' .impurities
as possible-Is readily apparent.     : ; *
The selection of coal' to be used for
any particular-.* purpose is dependent
upon, .cost- to -'the '.consumer, Iimita-
tions imposed.by..sm'oke laws! and fuel
Her Secret*
Why Sbe AJwiyi Looked So Young
Everyone ref«r« to her ai on* ef
the mo-jt ottrnci)ve women In t'jwn,
It wBiin't hir i-ntum,., for wlillo r-rjjru-
Jar, thoy wore not unutuol. Iiui the
charm lay In tlio lu-iu. of -iplaii.il _
Yliforouo hnir that made a veritable
crown.    It   had   that   iiacullar   lustre
•""*■*   ■****   ■*'-■•   ■_»•*»■•■»'»   Mk-e   «r_*«u.v_»   Ml *ie*dHKfii
<— you   couldn't   look   nt rh«r   without
bi_ut*^o_ "Yii'r Imlr *""-'"■»    0'*    iM jianxta ol au.|).iur uru nui to dune.)
wui-t ankfi  i.uw  ».,_, kept  it  so  xUawii, although it in difficult (0 purl-
M'M^ K*« mail* from h|Rh-fnlph»r «»l.
si»r ocnWrM. •&. cssr,»'°i? . W(?or cm,t ?\ ovor,ot ?ul',h".,n T1
hvi] riot ulw-y. b«<n In that rondltlon, I -*108 bcc'* UHC|* ln HU('*1 I'!'"*'1*. tho coko
-n-fnii-. ui.iiil nn Wiiiiii unii iHiiiiniiiu: -put-
pores.
Tests with a pressure producer conducted by the United States Geological Survey at tho various government
testing - plants have shown satisfactory results with fuels ranging widely
In analytical values,-as follows:
Moisture, 1.40 to 39.60 per cent, volatile matter, from 9.70 to 42.50 per
cent.; fixed carbon, from 23.80 to
73.70 per cent; ash from 2.70 to^S.-iO
per cent; sulphur; from .30.to 7.40 per
cent. ., ,    . '    '
It is reported that bone coal con-
tabling 44, per'cent of ash produced
a gas affording economical gas engine
operation, and that any coal "of commercial valuo can bo successfully used.
Down draft producers mndo their
appearance nftor tho pressuro producers. Those fix tho tar as a permanent
gns, thus making'uso of all tho voi'ii-
tlio ma).lor and prepare lt for Immo-
dlalo gaB onglno use,
Ons producers nro utilizing more
and moro tlio Inferior'grades'of fuel,
nnd nt present nro operated wllh fuels
covering tho range from nnthrnclto to
charcoal and pont. ; *,
, In Illuminating gas maniifncturo,
practically all plnntR, specify a screened coal' gns of low sulphur content.
Tlirce-qunrter-lncli screened .coal Is
spoclflod for several ronsono;     **
1. II can bo gnslficd In* less tlmo
♦linn l'un.f-mlno'conl    ,    *    .
2. It is lowor' ln sulphmv-tlinn run-
of-nilno coal.
.'), CliiirgliiR of rotorts by linnil Ib
r-ciidlly accomplished.
Low sulphur Is roqulred thnt tho
gns may bn purlflod to moot tho requirements of lho law
Tho commonly ncoopt.cd Htniulnrd of
analytical values for Illuminating gns
coal would bo approximately represented by tlio following: Volntllo mnttor,
!I2 to .17 por cont j ash, from . to 8
por cent.; RUlphur, not to exceed l.liO
per cent,
Tho usual Hlnndnrd for ylnhl of gns
In 1111 avornxo of 10,000 cubic foot por
ton of 2,000 pounilH of conl, with nn
nvorngo cnmllo powor of 18,
Conl for comont burning u reduced,
♦0 n powdor boforo bolng usod, honco
slack coal Is generally unod bec&uae
nf Ito low prlco and tho rcndlnoflH with
whicli It cnn *bo roducil, Tho o«Bon-
Hal requlrementi, aro thai lho fuel
bo:     (1) Sufficiently'high In volatile
-From the East and, West, 'North
and South, come reports of an-unprecedented condition' of*.'the coal industry for this season of tho year!- The
entire industry from the Lakes to the
Gulf and from the Atlantic to the Paci
fie, seems to be in a deplorable state..
All the mines that are.working full
time are indeed few in number, while
the large number shut" down is unprecedented in the history of the., Industry for this time of the'year. "And
the numbor of miners out of'work and
walking the streets or seeking work
in other fields' is -without.parallel In
coal'mining.. And those that' are
working, a large number .of them are
.making,' some'" one,' some   two, .and
others, and- they are few. ■ three days
*,**    1 -       ,*.
per week.     The outlook for the coal
miners of the', country, except in spots,'
was, never' more- dismal at' this time
of the year-.    \  .       .,"'•',
,. Just what are the'causes are a mat-,
ter .of discussion.   ' Some blame one
thing and some another. ,' Some' say,
overproduction;' while others, just-to
change-the. phrase, we presume, say
under-consumption, * and there is debate among those, interested/
*, Our judgment" is-that the real coal,
resources -have been developed faster
than other branches of industry,-   and
1 ,    lit
are able to .produce more' coal than
the market demands or can consume.
And until there is a change "in this
respect the miner will be between the
devil and the' deep sea', " when -he
comes to consider the means by'which
he Is goings to,.earn a Hying for himself and family and keep out of debt. ,
Some are disposed to blame the effort of the'operators-to organize for
this "condition. _» We dont' think there
is'anything in that, but judge the
mild winter with its consequent lessening of the* demand for the product'
of .the mine-the whole country,"oyer
has ■ played , the most important part
in bringing about present conditions,
! r- DR_;J., BARBER, DENTIST   '
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
. --Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 6;: 6.to',8!.'*
** •    1 ■* *-     ' ^ "      •    , ■-
Residence 21" Viotoria .Ave;.
W. R. Ross K. C.
W. S. Lane
ROSS,  MACDONALD and.LANE
;;',    Barrl8ters.,an<J Solicitors       *
'■
Fernie, B. C.
Canada;
L. P. Eckstein *
D. E. McTaggart
value'.0. The fuel ;valiie is greatly influenced ;by the-readiness, with which
clinker is' formed from the ash, the
greater freedom from clinker the greater is, the recoverable "fuel value."
1r125 GAVE UP LIVES FOR COAL
^ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART ,
BARRISTERS/SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
F.C' Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE <_ FISHER
-ti, ATTORNEYS .
.  ti. -i    ■
Fernie, B. C.
IfflBEpM
A. McDougall,' Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-
• ers in.allkinds of Rough
<-'     ., r 1     y   • („, ,0
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
K. L. BISSONNETTE
Veterinary Surgeon
Calls promptly'made,  day or niglit
'  '    and .satisfaction assured , '
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
ROY A L
HOTEL
FERNIE
Harrlsburg, Pa., March' 23.-—It cost
the lives bf 1,12*5 men to mine 231,966,-
070 tons of coal,iri Pennsylvania last
year, according to the annual report of
the Chief of the State Department of
Mines, just Issued, i The report gives
.the following statistics: ' *   *
Bituminous coal product, 148,096,776
tons, persons employed,'. 187,711; killed
527.;,,       ...
.Anthracite,coal produced, 83,269,294
tons, persons employed, 167,927; killed
598.
Tho loss of life In tho bituminous
districts for" every 1,000,000 tons produced was 3.54; In the anthraclto districts 7.18..' Tho,'number of lives lost
In the bituminous region por 1,000,000
tons producod will compare favorably
with the rocord of nny othor stnto or
any continental country, tho roport
says, but whon tho,loss "of Ufo In tho
nnthrnclto region ls lnoludod It rnlses
tho numbor of lives lost to 4.85 por
million tons. '
P. O.' Box. > 1126
Phone 882
R, W. McDONALD
ACCOUNTANT and AUDITOR
,, 325, Fifth Avenue, W^
CALGARY, ALTA;
WHERE  IS THE  CHICKEN
.    FARMER?
, Tlioro lo room for the chicken far-
mor In Cnnndn. Moro than four million nnd a hnlf curgs woro. Imported Into
Canada during tlio Inst throo months
of 1910, pncl January, 1011. Horo are
tho dotnlls:
October, 1910:  ,-     Dozens
Kong Kong    2,85")
China  ,'-,'  1.07G
United Stntcs  ',, 14.0B0
..Novombor: ',
Kong Hong ,,'   4,290
China ',,   ,1,030
Germany   21,000
Unitod Stilton  20,410
Docombor:
(Iroat Drltnln ........ 12,000
Hong Kong • ( .,• 10.0GG
China  10,450
Vnluo
$    121
.153
4,901
237
114
3.942
8,i:..i
Germany 	
United States
Juriunry, 1011:
flron., Ilrllnlii
Hong Kong
lllllllt
tended for use In Iron manufacture,{combustible mnttor to tiRiira quick 1 •uihiiu
L_„_Jf,f,'0.,,v,(>r KOt_. Ut t!,« hair. It
tjave the iralp mich tt cool, rafr«»hf..
fee inr. ntu the Imlr wa*. io mueh
en»l«T to *lr.»» ftftur Un u.«.
Thoro ore plenty of li_«.l» that
would le ju*t at attractive for »lr« _.
Into irooit conilitlon. v
Your Nyat Urutf Flore will cheer*
fully tetiernntP* Itlrinttinn tt, to all
that |m riainifr) for it. and every* wo.
nan awe* It to heraeif \j xrrft
For Hule und tlwuauiead by
N. E. 6UOOABV
Om for etch tv«ry day -Jlmwt
For by-product operation In connection «.!._ xti'cl plnntH, sulphur limits
iliUill'UU;   (lii  *LlUixixHlii)i   i'i.|.il ill I'K'.U'
Ing matter.
Whll. .1.. niAxtmnm sulphur conUnt
of ciuncnt In definitely fixed, tho sulphur In tho conl hns not hoot] closely
hiinu-n, ft* 11 ilut'*. not i-iiu-i "iniu iniu-
IniHtlon with the cement a* long a*
proper kltn temperatures nro main*
f»_,.v.,.._«j* ,
United   Slates
. 12,000
; 41,030
40
. 4,704
1 10,1 tt,t
.105.020
2.11V
U.77
2.118
1,071
.11,WJ
•10
21:1
-,<•<> l
J,Ml
10.022
351,247   177,048
tnlned. Ah tlio Impurities of snmo
In conl aro. ordinarily plnr-cd at l.no coals nro approximately of tho same
pit icnt ns ft maximum, wllh nn nvcr* composition an tho comont, no strict
nro . -iln,-. nf nhtwt 1 nor rout in 1 ?*  Hmlft hnvo lir^n nlnrod on tho amoiinf
per cent. jof nsh in such coals, but high nsh per-
Tf,--- 'tttndnrd rttno-o for ronl 'or hy 'rot,tttnr.it  rt-<Anro  tho   homing  onwor,' lnf»*rnnHon.*il i"7wil,  Mnr. 17—"ft
jiiodi.fi uno Ih il per /ent io 7..',-. prr.'and for Ihla rouson only, a low „«h'Momreal,    Vnr valtif, f 100.
M't-V» . *K » kWikv
In tho Monotliry Times of .March IS.
1011, wc note' the  following stocks
and bonds quoted:
Crow's N'est Pass, Mar. 8—77 Toronto
"^erthaTasnt-Hay.' our* craftsfmeif
are facing a condition, the like , of
whlch;VJhas',inot been seen for'year's.
With last summer Idle, manyi-of them
and only an'Intervening period of
work that., lasted about two months
and now facing another long period
of Idleness, either In part or In the
whole. It is going to cause a lot of
hardship in many of their homes until relief comes in a more steady employment' " ' ' ' ... ,7
The lot of the coal miner, ln add-
tion to hazardous employment; Is one
of trouble and trials." Generally
speaking, he has >*o wort at ' ex
ti'omity, -loving l.ho .winter months to
provide'for tho Idle tlmo which he
knows* is sure to coiuo'ln *he s'uni-ttor.
And I!'Old Morons falls to put in nn
appov'-Vu-iG dui-liur tho dark days of
the .voir then ho is up ngninst tt
good and hurd. and ,'does not kno-.*.*
wjilc. wny lb turn lo r.ialie provi-tlon
for* hr, family
A systom that keojis nevon hundred
thousand of our citizens In n slato
of'dependency on the kind of weather
they could easily bo improved upon
by a more equitable division of the
profits of tho mines product. It. ls
not, right that the few corporations
who use It, nnd tho ownors who own
ll. sh.01.Id ' roll In tlio jiummn-.k of
luxury and roll up millions of dollari*,
while tho mon who mnko such pos-
Hlblo living from hnnd 10 mouth continually. ;*
Tho Bystcm Is wrong, ft Is a condition of the master and slavo doctrine and It sMould bo nbollnhod.—U,
M. W, Joiiinii!. I
. Tho foi*o*.'cli'». Is taken Crcni the 01
flclnl organ 0; the U. M. W. nnd may
ho rognrdoil a» rollnblo. In PIpIcj
County tlio colliers work steadily
throughout, tho year and whnlnvor
time Ih lost is lost voluntarily by
minors .In the Unitod fctatos the
mlonrs do not average moro than lour
days per wcok ovor tho wholo year,
and that Ih mare than onough to supply sufficient coal (0 congest tho market.
Just why wn should exchnngo existing conditions for Amerlcnn conditions and methods doos not particularly appeal to us at the present tlmo.
Hetter leave well enough alono.—
Kreo Unco'1 Westvlllo, N. S.
■ (Bd.--Tho comment by tho editor ot
••Tlift Fron X.^nor," from which thn
nhnve clipping wns taken Is intended
to convoy tho Impression that tho conditions in tho U. 8. nre bocauso of the
mothods (tint obtain tlioro Is erroneous
become similar conditions like wlno nro
vprv TMirh in evident*-* thrmiKhont Tl.
C. and Albmln, simply bec-nugo tho productive capnrliy of the mines Is greater than tho mnrkot demands. Furthermore. If Plcton County be sur-h
« favorable spot nt the present tlmo
many of the NovaBcotlnns who hnvo
M^¥¥*¥*¥¥**^MW¥*^^¥-VMMi'¥-¥-¥*1'f¥*
I .R.O MA,'HOTEL   *
t ■ " '       ■,   ~ ".,      -, - -
J   .Dining Room and "Beds under      ,
f ".        Vttt*wwm  TWT^nii r__ax*int__ '      . .       .
c .   ■ .,.*,. ....
First class' table" board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
BANQUETS CATERED FOR
„ Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dining Roam Mgr
***^****r^infri^iHr***K***-<.***
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
-     -,_ n «:
J ^ A ^ *t»
Everything:;
Up-to-date
Call in arid
see : us .once •-
=^JOHN'FODBIEtAN0iKrPropr
Loans
On first class
business and rest
dentlal property!
, , DROP IN AND TALK THE
' MATTER OVER WITH U8
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
♦♦♦ ♦.(►♦♦♦♦♦♦^-♦♦♦♦^
I
Perme Dairy
FBKSH  MILK
.   delivoccil   to   all
.Illl-lN of. till. Uiwn
HOTEL FERNIE
:  The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Lending Conunc'rcinl
,  and Tourist House *'
S. F.WALLACE, Prop,
JOHN B.  \VATSON
o   ':
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Llq
uldator and Trustee;    auditor tc
*  the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
CALGARY, ALTA.
P. O,  Box 308
H. H. Depew
8anders A Verhaeit Brothers,
1
Proprietors
^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^
>ri,' T
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No,
141, Moots oviry Friday night nt
8 p. i», Miners' union ball. J.
Jackson,* Prosldont; B. Marsham,
Tlocordlng Bocrelary,
Bartenders' Local No, 814: Moots 2nd
nnd 4th Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Cloupill, Waldorf Hotrtl.
•ninrtr.lnnr X.ot.nX Wo. n\*i ll. M, VW. ^.
MoiMs 2nd nnd -llh Thnrsdny Mlnorn
Union hall.    I). Heen, So\
Mnr, lfl—74 Toronto)
Mar. 17-84 Toronto}'[,u',,, >„a»r"*' v'tRl <™hl Uuo f'1
li)(1jb.en fully alive to Dw fnct or they
might hftvu Ih*.ii mnviMt » Jounitry wbh't
Typoflraphlcal Union No. BB5'   Moots
*i.irli   h.^..|U_UJ*|l    I.U   'v^<vUt   U.'a«..Mi   *,'.   llu^
Ledger Office,    A. 3, Iluckloy, Bee-
rotary. *
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERr
' CONTRACTOR
AND
P. O. BOX 423.
FERNIE
LIVERY
and Transfer
1
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale
b
George Barton    Phone
d
Local Fernie Ne, 1? 8, P. of C. Meets
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Kverybody welcome. D.
Paton. Bccrcuiry'TrcHsuror,
1 oni a«h. which pro^lii'fs n roVn rants--conlml Is di-nlred.
i    Wn hc'llovcthsl "SI" tor the C.X.V
Iiik from 0 per -rent to 11 \u-r coni, In I   Gail coals lmvo li-?cn found to Rlvo Coal Co Is a typographical error, as
ash.    Ash Is obJe-ettonaM. In -.oMo for^h.st  r.suUs In (f-mt-nt hurnlnx, asUuothir a«tl.ortty has 7.V4 »■ the hlRh*
Iriwi Tf,*V,!r,p, as Ite pwylwU-rr,. Kpr^-'lri^-f ar^ fclph ki v.!?iH!. matter, wfcl<*h'-*>*H In 1**)li
iwntlntt no miifh l(x»* of h-»i»Mn-ar xnlno'htte tt high  hontlntr rnltto with lon-rl    Thp lileh«--«r onofaflon for tho Idler.
ami In part explaining why limit* have
hern outnliHabcil.
Ir -general the range ot analytical th* kiln,
flamo of qui-V iKnltion and maximum C »,iul c Co. during 1911 wan 73*,.. as
temperature m a short illstanco wflhfn
ncmlnst S7«-i In 191ft.   Tlio lowost In
the formi-r year <&-. and 47 in 1910,
disappointing results.)
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
h nt-M* Ft_i*A TerfcUltfritiinwhilt. Ttmiie
pillf trt eicwfcn.lr pomtitM In ttf*X*lleM %—* i
*.l<h<-*j> UilUtiont-   Dr. da Tam't aie axli tl »_.._._._._.     i_*_.,__t <••*      t_   *   _»„._._._.
*s«tw.nt«h»Mi«fiiA. M*?Hi-ttn*A<M-irf_ Jolnsrs^—lJKa,\ 1220.    D. J. Erans,
t _• H««t>«i( iirais co„ ni cuiierin.*. om. president; V. K. flhaw, Becretary.
For Sale at BUasdsll'a Drug Stora.
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Meet In Miners Hail every
alternate Thursday at S o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. V. O. SOT.
wA««AAA,AA»kAAi'.AAAAAAAAAMt.ftN
s
I N G E R
E WI NG
MACHINE   CO 1
■a
WM.     BARTON
Afrant   r«rnle   Dranth
Watlnt*    Avp,
»
,i*
»
)■
>■
>-
i-
i*
i
>.
>
Wo_th !
i-
)-
t***W**tf****************%
■J
,-f 1 --•"
y*
THE DISTRICT LEDGER,. FERNIE, B. C, APRIL 1,1911.
Th& WeeH "s Ne^fdr ■ • %K.;
%'-t7-*-.»".     >-"V I..,'-.   /.   .'.*'_■    .'...-   ■•_'"   'j**-."     ,.'*■-;      :'_,'.    .'....-,.     -     .;   \: .,';-'■'•""' '"•'    ' *■'.
ifi Brothirsi
**•
>
,♦*
■■♦_*
•*♦;
.' ..j'', upozori*/enia ; .. -;"*,,, '♦
'.' ...* .-'•:'." _-.—' - tv *•-.-' '•-'♦
, V.statnom sudobnoin dome ,♦
vdblvanonj;1 v "Pondelek dna ♦
16hi Januara , 1911, . Pcu_pei7#.
Cheilli bol dosnanl o krade8»'<-*
niiner'-, v "Coal '■Creek a' odsu- "-♦
.deni na 3.mesace zalaru.tvldy ♦'
Prace. '.  '', ••- ■-, '* - - * - • ■ ~ +
'-',--.     ,"., _ AVVISO  -.*-
.Nella'corte, provinciate   dl
Pernie Gennalo'16, 1911;   fu
, arrestato Pompei.-Cheilll, per
il latroniggio   del,-. carrl * del
minatori,' a No.. 5  e* No.' 1.
"•-NordoV mina,' Coal Creek.' II
.quale   fu * fcondannato • a " tre
,mesi di laVoro forsato,   '; ■
V: Warning
. In the Proyiuctal Court held
at Fernie on Monday, Jan.-ie,
\ 1911, Pompei; Cheilll -was convicted of the theft of miners'-.
cars at No. 5 and No.-l north,
mines, Coal* Creek, and sentenced to three months-1 Imprisonment, with'hard labor.. 7
Crow's, Nest' Pass  Coal   Co.
* U NOUVEAU' CABINET FRANCAIS
Paris, ,.2 , Mars, "6h. du soir.—Voici
,1a composition" du nouveau cabinet t'el
qu'il.a paru■'an ."Journal official.""' ■
• -'.til. AntoineTianiest'Moni^'S^nateur
de laG^oride, President iflu Conseil et
Ministre de l'lnt.rleur. **   /•--
, ,'*,M. Cruppi, d-sput-5 de la. Haute-Ga-
«'onne; Ministre des Affaires -Strange-
res- ' " ;* >., * '
llenrl* Maurice Berteaiix, deput-*.1 de
Sei»e et Oise, Ministre de la .Guerre.
.1- Tb<5ophile Declasse.' depute^ de
1'Ariege,' Ministre' de la Marine.'   ',a
Jl.  CaWaux, dfiput., de la Sarthe,
• Ministre des finances. ,        - c,
v Jf. Jules A. Steeg, diSputS de la Seine
Ministre de .1'Instruction* publique.' . •"*
]\fr. Charles Dumont, d.put. du Jura
' Ithiistre -des ' Travaux -Publics.rV 7' '
""".J."Jules' Pains," s<5nateur des" Pyre'.
_Mes OVientkles, ministre de TAgricul-.
■   eurer- .'***-_-----—■*-- y- y - y ry.
;.      M.  Messimy,  d-Sputt.  de,, ia Seine;
Ministre des Colonies.;; '*«" .        '".<
..   ,, M* Paul Boncour, secrfitarie de la
■ Chambre, Ministre.du Travail.   .
.   ■ al- Antoine P'errJ er, s*5natour_, de ia
y.Bdee, Ministre de la Justice,
-M-, P. A,. MassiS, d6pute: de la Nlevro
Winlstre du Commerce. .
Sous-SecreWies d'Btal,^ ,
lpWrteur, M. Emlie Constant,
justice ot Cultes, M. Louis Walvy.
P08t08 et TGlographes, M. Charles
Chjiumot.   «•
Henux, Arts, Henry Dujardin-Deau-
mot. ' ' ', ' '   *■"
; M, Antoino Por.ler ost lo soul membro du cabinet qul'n'nlt pas dtd un
•c-iolJt probable. 11 est sGnnteur ot
•radical.    Il est n<5e; on 1836,
Jules pums a no substltuii depuis
hlor a M. Mass. nu mlnlstore do VAm-
rieuUuro. II oat nd on 1852 ot est nu
•Sdnr-t depuis 1905. Cost un uvocat
•et, un radical, m, Mnssd qui dovlent
ministro du Commerce est n_d do 4ft
onB,    Cost un rndlcnl tjouiollsto. '
('vsi Jul qui nvoc son co-ieBiie Mol-
vy n contrlbud puissnmmont a la
chuto du mlnlstero Briand par son'
mtoi'polliuinn ,sur iob Con«rdgatlons,
dit >vas' ten* voile*bewezen bij'de on-
dervinding.van een"groep'"welke niet
lahgi-geleden* uit Zuid -oost Durham
hier aankwamen. ^,''Deze .-groep** bes-
taande^uit.drie mannen^eeri^van hun
vergVzeid van vrouw *'en :5„klnderen,
haddeh de leugenach'tige, gWegden' vin
landverh'ulzers agenten yoor waar aan-
genonien welke hun voor'spiegelden dat
er/Vol op werk was in Canada dat
werkvolk was gelijk een prljs'uit de
loterlj en het laagst'e loon 0' gulden
CO per dag .was! ;  Denkende aar'liet
spreekwoord  de vroege ' vogel vangt
de worm en vreesende dat zlj blj.lang
wachten zulk een schoorie kans zouden
verllesen, verkochten alles om de r.ood-
Ige middelen  te'.yerkrijgei),  oni.bij
aankomst in Pemle., te   ondervinden
dats zij wreed bedrogen waren.,' Vel-
en mogen denken dat zij zich'nog al
heel   gemakkelijk   Heten   bedriegen.
maar' wanneer   wij   bedenken „ wat
schoone beelden er voor do oogen van
hetpubliek getiracht worden, en-het
slechte-vporuizlcht in het Vaderland
dan "Is het ijiiet zoo erg te'Verwoiideren
dat e'rvelen bedrogen worden*    Daar
deze' menschen geheel zonder midd-?l
en .waren vervielen zij,aan de llef-
dadlgheld van het stads bestiiur welke
hun "op de goedkodpste manhier riaar
de . kust vervperde, en dit was - zeer
zeker het beste in deze moeijelijkheid,
in alle geval, beter* dan ,hun "iiier, te
houdenLen in hun onderhoud te.voor-
zlen.     Maar niet te' nln dit "is niet
voordeelig voor de,belastlng betalei's
afgezlen, van de teleurstelllng' en on-"
gemak der.betrckken persoonen."   Er
zouden terstond maatregelen. wordeii
genomen.bij het stads bestnur om'ge-
vallen" als deze zvoveel mogelijk ;to
voorkomen,   en   zeer   natuurlijk^,  de
vraag is hoe 'deze' persoonen .niet in
hetbezit zijnde der som bij de wet
yerelseht  konden' landen.      In' ant-
•ivoord zouden wij denken dat deze wet
net als vele anderen,' meer of .minder
pppervlakklg wordt beschouwd al nage-
lang het voor of nadeeiig'is.voor eeri
zekere klas of p'erzoonen.   ^be.belast-
lug betalers in-Fernie willen spoedig
ondervinden 'dat wanneer.ditrherhaal-
delijlc yoorkomt' dat personen    voor
hiin'ne kosten'" v'ervderd worden, alhoe-
wel de beste" mannier, dit' spoedig een
grtoote   druk 'op   _iunne   beursen   wll
zijn.'   Oprecht' zijnde/'m'oeten ,wij
-uavyWij-veel-juee-r-'pejpfji-g-gfQj:
len in debetrokken persoonen "als In
de .geld .vraag,.het overlatende voor
hun" welker* beursen ■ hebben te lljden
zulke*stapperi:te nemen om hun zelf
te besehermen, en wlj aan onze zijde
trachten de belangen van hun voor welk
dit blad hoofdzakelijk is gedrukt te
besehermen, namelljk* de werkende
klas. En dit is niet het eenige geval
wat onz ter oore kwam, maar om re-
dem dat van alle'ztjden aan dit geval
de meeste liekendheld is gegoven, wij
nomen dit als een voorbeeld zoodat
het een waarschuwing mag zljp voor
huri welke gereedzljri te vertrekken.
rWlj geyen zooveel mogelijk bokond-
held)aan.dit geval, on willen elken
lezer beleofd vragon doze nltgavo zoo-
voel mogelijk to verspreldon, om zoo
mogolijk het vallen van meordere
slncht offers to voorkomen. Wlj
willen toegeven dat de slechte nr-
holders voorwnarden yelon ann land-
vei-liuozlng doen denken, maar laton
dezen ovprjvegon dot or tion knrisen
tongon oen zijn dat zlj van do wai in
do sloot vallen. '     '
pa strojni obrat'postane konpliciraii:
daje za njega treba^vedjeg'tevilo; iz-
vezbanih , delavcev;-^te(laj" vpljiva lfna
2ivljenje,, §irsih*.'vljiidskh'* ..'.krogoy."
Lastnikl takih',strojriih."obratov-post-
anejd vladajqei razred,*"',"',-;" , •"
In' 5embolj se kf5i;5teyiio lastnikoV
strojnih obratov tbllkor boljraste njih
mo5.   Lju dstvo postaja z vsakim' dn vn
bolj odvisho od' nj-hynazadnjelmenuje
svoji lastnini le.e svojo'delavno mo5;
dusevho in ro5n6,"vse drugo je pa last-
nlna lastnikov strojnih obratov; ,ld jih
nazlvljemo kapitaliste.7f ':
.  Socialisti se pan. stri.injamo.'da bi
pe§e'ica ljudi vladala1 yes svet, odlofie-
vafa in obsojaia karVpo'cele "narode
na smrt vsled laicote,' oko take odlo'5-'
be   koristijo" kapitalistienl ', manjgini(
Socialisti• pa sniatranm* kapitaliste. za
trote v, Clove'gki druZl)l.,zn ljudi, lii
ne sejejo in' aanjejo.^marveC ,le v2i-
vajo-kl so'°popolnoma*nepotrebni z_i
obstoj    Cloveske ,, ,dr'u2be.  ', CioveSka,
druiba lahko obstane btez kapitalistov'
ker ne" producirajo nl.,' ne zvrSujejo
duSevnega.in i-oChega   dela;   marvec
jemljejo sadove drugirnlxkl so jih' us-
tyarlll z delom svojega uma in rok; .
.  In delavci so tlstl razred, _d v.Clo-
,ve§kl driiZbi najvec trpe vsled razred-
ne kapitalistiCne vlade.   In vsled tega
so delavci najvec interesovanl,* da's'e
spremenl obstojeCi druJabni   redi  .In
ria'ein "pr'olzvodnje,, da se podruaabijo
(sociallzirajo) vsa obratna, prometna
in .proizvajalna sredstva, rudnlkl, pre-
inogo'kopi'in zemlja, sploh tudi vsi
narayni z'akladl..      ,. .,      -°
Danes se proizvaja ,brez naSrta, kar
tje-.y en dan. To nam prlSajo gos-
podarske krlze z groznlmi. vginki ih
posledicami za* delavce, 'Kapitalisti
dovolljo delavcem"producirati v svo-
jitipodjetjlh vsled dlvjejh brezna.rt-
ne kpiikurence, ce tudi je tr'g Ze pre-
napqlnjen„z blagom, nadejajoS se, da
vnl-ijb svoje konkurente. Dela se s
polnim parom po deset all. Se, ved
ur na dan, ne zmeneS so kaj bo z delavci, de pride."krlza. Ko prihrumi
krlza, zapro tvornice? dolavce spo'dljo
na cesto, saml pa vZIvajo sadove, kl
so jih vstvarill delavci." "
Za - take r'azmere V cloveski "druZbl
niso socialisti.; Proti'njlm mora bitl
tudi vsak delavec, ki hi Se priSol ob
pamet. ' , '•' "'   \    ,, * "„
Socialisti smo protl takl'clove.^ki dru-
Zbl,%v"kat*eri se-proizvaja divje. So-
cialisti-jsmo proti temu; da bi eni de-
lal po'deseturdnevno,' ilrugi pa pesto-
pali in lenarili. . Socialisti hp.emo, da
se.delo razdell med vse pravt.no. Kdor
je zdrav iriodrastel, naj'dela,' z'moZ-
gani "all pa z rdkaml sebl in ysem dru-.
gim ljudem y korist,**.ako>_o-e zivetl.
Zciravih in moCnih lehutyv ul treba ,v
-loveski druzbi, • ■• Iz srea pa privogeijo
-*'*; -,- -   -     '*   y   '   f'\o .'  .    .'-
The Story of a. Man Who;.Was
.,.*•..,'"'   :. .7Stung. /'"-' v'-*'
THE LATEST IN SUIT "CAsfe,
New. Turban Hat That Plays Hide
and Seek With One's Face—How It
Is Worn—Nasoiogy, the Newest Fad
of Society.'    ' '    "-
My B;ear Elsa—I.must tell you about,
Dick's latest fiasco. , It's just lovely.
You , know' that tremendously.' stunning friend of. his-the Wall street
man- who. gives him "straight tips"
and "sure things" .on the market?
Well, last week he put him wise on
something-I don't remember exactly
what, but n .thing that went up* and
up aiid made Dick feci,very ','toppy"
aiid. Mabel, myself, see visions■ of-a
pointed fox set of furs supposed to be
out of reach this'winter.,
By some occult means Dick sensed
that a suit case, would exactly squure
things between the Wall street sage
socialml^sem^enuhomjnjih izdelkeT
NihCe, jih ne bo zavldel fadi njih.
Dajmo lenuhom,. kar' gre" Jenuhom,
delaA'cem pa kar je iiji!i.-P. oletaec,*
IT SEEMS ODD—
Free-Trade
*,  OP BLACK OrrOUAN SILK.   ■.     '
-and himself., So the other, day these
two dabblers' lu * stocks hied themselves to a Broadway-leather shop
which, after .•'•purvoyli-.p." to the king
of England,1" graciously lets, America
have .some of the .leftovers at greatly
advanced prices. It was crass idiocy
of Dick to "turn a mau with,the right
..Idea of., appolntiuuuts loose in' this
shop.     *". ■_--'.
But it's not up r'o.me to reason .why.
Vou know what happened.' Of course",
you dp, dear.' Mr. \\„ qyite by
chante." picked up the latest aiid raosV
expenslvo suit.case iu the place..commonplace enou-ah looking on .iho out-
slch*— the usual, piRskin—lmt, vanity of
vanities, a traveling dressing table* in-
skh**. j Not-, content "with the ordinary'
.bestownrof-.toilot, ui-ik-lcs In a strap.'
I'cd row all-,about the Inside "of the
<ase,." this addition de luxe had.tlu*.
latest - "fitting"; iCrlnklo,- a* leather
*-r*rrat'i.*^ii~Trhicir^vGi-L~1nrR^rn~T!Tir
ZAKAJ   8E ' BORIMO   SOCIALISTI?
U y n JG.OOO Plnlandnls dnns I'n.
•nlon des pilnourB, , Aucun dos own-
*nl«i\toiii-a nntlonnux nc parlo cetto
Inrigiio, -
EEN RAADQEVINQ VOOR HUN
WELKE AAN LANDVERHUIZINQ
bgNKEN.
1
h oon van oiuo ultKovors roiielen
dronifon-wlj or op nnn dat elj welke
nnn r^nnclvorhiilElnnr clnclilon 'goodo In-
HfllillnBoii zouden in winnen zoodat sij
hij nnnkoniBt hlor nlot tolourgosteld
notiil-ti sijn.     Do KewlKtlRhold vnn
Clovok potrobujo za Mvojonjo hrano,
obleko In stnnovanjo. Ako Imn cio-
volt hrano, obloko In stroho nad sohoj,
so jo knj lahko borltl za svohodo, sploh
za naJvlSjo palmo kulture. Ako lie-
Como produclrntl hrano, obloko In stan-
ovanjn, .moramo Imotl strojo. Zom-
Ua snma no zntjostujo za ClovcSko pot-
rohfifilno. ClovoSka dolavna moo prl-
doblva surovlne In Blvoi Is zomljo, s
torn dn UBtvnrl strojo, katoro rnbl prl
prldoblvnnju Jlvcila In surovln. KAor
jo gospodnr zomljo In strojov, gospo-
darl tudi h clovesko dolavno moCJo, Jo
gospodnr ljudsko svohodo In Clovofi-
kemu Wvljonju. '
• Dnndnnos so pn strojl In zomljn Zaun-
hnn lnstnlnn mnnJSIno, kl so hltro kr6l
r. vsnklm duom. Doklor s strojom Inh-
ko dela on snm Clovek, todnj nl v stro*
Ju tlsto vollkansko silo, kl spromlnja
ljudsko mnoSice v tope su.njo.    Ako
Ust of Locals District 18
Corrected by District fleer otnry.up (0 November 10, 1010.'
NO.     NAME 8EC. AND P. 0. ADDRE88.
P<*l     'Plfl*n1''h'"i'*l t"1    *■■>"• .'• 11        '.       . ,        ,     .
       * *    '*"  -tti-i,   i,uiiiiiii,uu   AllH.
4«1   Xionvt* 0***v .. V. Oniisrlilioi. ijoaiw Ctowi, v<_ iiactm.      	
4Si   nellovno  ....... j. nUVtor mkyxto, Frank, Alta.
2183   Blairmore; James T\.rol.q », Blairmore, Alberln.
™   Tu,""'s    William Ashton, Uurmls, Altn.
1378   Ctttmioro   J. .Veil, Oanmorf. Altn
tm   ^ttmn    W. Graham, Coloman, Alia.
S! l^T10 I0,1V\^ CflrLom,n,°' caw".*!!..
23T8   Cardiff    L. Hucklns, Cnrdlff, Alta.
:2877   Corbin   n, Jones, Corbin, n. C.
2m ninnond City .. Clmrles Orhan, Diamond City,   Letbrldge
23M   * ernle   D, Itecs, Pornln, It. C.
126a  Vr«Dk  0. Nicol. Frank, Alt*.
2.0?   Unsmor  j, Aj7<1| rrojiucr, B. C.
im   Hllicmt   j ... jone,, Ifuiorcst, Alu.
ItS   niir'^   lu */Mr*'    PO-   '***    »3*  Ulh bridge.
lift   uf? , "'* K'Bb«rm«n* «-»Pl« »-*«. nellevue.   Alia.
Si   u^'1   M' ftnrtf». >»th*.. «. C
JU  !>'MbBI*  ***• mvU' ^Mhmr. -Uhflrta
.-.Vr.  4rr*r  William niis«-.||, Tnher. Altn.
J*   Jfousrrh Mine, .   ir. w. Wm&Iu. r.)^n. Alia.
By. W. E. P.- French*.'
lt seems odd. that a free country
should not have free trade, that, ireo-
inen should not have tho right to freely barter ,wlth whom thoy plsa'sn, and
that AMERICANS should be "protect-
ed" against Liberty.
'It seems odd that, with cheaa food
clothing nnd other'necessaries of lifo
just tho _otho_r sldo of, nn imaginary
line a "stream of water, or a largo
puddle, millions' and millions of tho
citizens of a republic should bo underfed, underclpthed nnd dwellers ln
tho Houso of Want. Why Is it? Havo
they no right to buy in tlio cheapest
markets of the world?
It seoms odd thnt Protection Bhould
protect and fntten tho rich only, but
that lt should mnko tho poor poorer
and Incroaso poverty. Cannot the
gontlo Wolf tako care of hlmsolf, ovon
against tho awful fangs of tho foro-
clous, clbsoly-shoarod lambs? Might It
not bo woll to havo the,Law follow
tho oxnmplo of tho Lord, who, It Is
said, tompors tho wind to tho clipped
Immaturo sheep?
It soomB odd that n protcotivo tariff,
which tho bonoflcarlcs of that ploas-
nnt form of paternalism gravely Inform us wns onacted to shiold Amorlcnn Lnbor from tho competition ("lifo
of trndo?") of tho European pauper,'
should havo given tho United States
tho blffgoflt'crop of multimillionaires
on onrth I should lmvo Increased tho
cost of living until the -tmijorlty nro
Insufficiently fed; should litivo created
n slum that Ib Bocond (0 nono In tho
world; should hnvo fostoroil the sweat
shop to a monaelng point; Hhould havo
filled eoalbronkers, fnctorlon and kIiihh
works with lltllo ruined children to
lho number of mnny hundred thou*
Bands;    should hnvo drivon   perhaps
hnlf of the women of Amotion to seek
work away from homo; Hhould have
Increased tho numbor of our Sisters
of Shamo until thoy cnilnnner tho Nn-
tlon'u lifo and lionllh; should hnvo ro*
aultcd a vast army of tho unemployed
(rnw  mntprlnl   for  tim  «|i«iini.**-.V'V
and should'hnvo Innrulntin. n wholo I
peoplo with tho leprosy of gold.    And
theso things nre not nil tlio blessings
Mini "wo, iho pooplo," lmvo received
from this monstrous pollM-ml suporstl-
tion, for thero In thn tn-rnn niln nt i-i.
hor. heaped wllh the wrecked bodies
of children, womon and men;    there
are our splendid prisons, reformntor
leH.ftsylumsnnil nlmsiiouioi, choked
with the by-producls of thin Ingenious
scheme for tho exploitation of Laiarus
for the twhool and boncfli of Dives;
nnd thero Is the threatening clou.l of
unrest aud dN«»u«mt.   from   which
tomes tho growing an«ry murmur of
« peoplf****. protest.
It aooma odd that u political party
railing ltl««f llejiTiblloan sliouh! have
ffl!*1.M ibtia «<r||« upon tlio Ilepubllc
it _ m nworn to atuw, m\ \t w^m,
o<l.1 that another party culling Itself
nomomtlc thouM nm, xxlm in pow-
fr. hate rom. to tho r**-*-.* ot %u
hollies.' brushes, manicure' tools.' et<-.
oii'c never*.has time to uso on a hurried suit case trip. Whnt advaiitiiKi-
is lhe easel? First, to quote the shop-
man-r-I dropped In yostorday.- to see
Dick's'finnnrial Waterloo—"the we'lsht
is evenly,dlstriliuletl^li) the bottom'of
tlH\.c'nse. .niul the easel .cnn'be lifted
our nt the,end of the Journey and set
np -."ii tlie dressing table."       ,
Dick* is a dead game sjiort, so, seeing
his,._ln_ h. hi« wns 'determlupd to die
smiling nnd suggested that a solid silver' truvpliiig c-loch be tiddod to the
' sterling inlllinry, brushes, oval nilrror
mul. other iippoliitnieiits. IIIsa*ouragt*
mount Ing' with the occnslon, he or-
tiered'a case for neckties to be titled
In one corner of Ihe case, and. would
you' believe' it. 11 silver Jewelry box
wns anchored oil the other-side." Oh,
yen, nnd'thnt nci-vy'mnn objected to
the razor Hint emu. with-the set nnd
had un oxtrn stifcty one thnt costs ,$."_
put In! At thi-* singe of the gnmc
,l!l:-k begun to ri'i.llw 4hut he wns being mndo n touensy "murk, so with
that Htiiively snrciiNile. wholly devlllHh
milliner he cnu nssumo upon occasions
he turned to his grafter and snld, "Of
courso you want your crest on all theso
silver things." Ilo never thought the
(•rentnre owned such n pleco of Ift-Ie-n-
bnic nud wns positively floored when
ho heard him sny: "Oh, yes. cortnlnly!
, I'll bring it ln tomorrow morning to
he ei-iplnd." Ho did, nnd tho littlo dt^
tent Ion cost $50 extra, bringing the
prlco of the suit enso up to $!.00. Whnt
do you think of this for ranucullno stupidity?
„ I mildly hinted thnt a vnlnt nnd spo-
chil tar should go with tbo caso, whloh
the sun'shone, and, needling a dress
suit,* he was measured'for an ""expensive one.    When the bills were sent
to. Mr.  Armour he,. noticed *, this one
;'ainety dollar evening suit and.rang,for
the' man who had ordered -Jt. - When'
he appeared he'was shown the.,bill.
"Yes, sir, that's all right; much"obliged
tp you."'   The pork king' locked ,hlm.'
jver and said, "Young man, iu my day
I have killed a number, of pigs,-but
this is the first one I've' dressed^"" ''
■Now. haying eased.my mlud. I "am'
:;olng to,give you a tip on the turbans,
of'the moment.  There.is a sudden
change in the aspect of Fifth avenue.
Gone is the uninterrupted.-,procession
of hats thirty-eight iuehes in circumference,'' the kind disagreeable* old la-
die's sigh over and" bint at as' being
only .'another sign of degeneracy In the
yoUng.   No; the appearance of the 5
o'clock diess parade- has changed. _s
far ns millinery is concerned, in the
last eight days, and we are more remarkable than.ever.    These turbans,
my dear, aro nothing like the aiTnirs
of former yenr^,,and banish nt once
the idea from, your economical mind
thnt you can bring out some beautiful
■ shapes that you  looked charming In
lho last time small' hats were In-fash-
lop, for you*can't.   Todny yards nnd
yards of material-velvet, fur. swaus-
down,   melusine.  hairy  cloth—are  re-
tliiired   to   manufacture   the , modish
toque.' And once you hnve succeeded ln
getting one dot not imagine it will be
put on in  the snme oid* way, for it
won't*,In the Orst placo.'it will slip
down to your very eyes.' covering, all
lh.  puffs aud  curls you  have  worn
yourself to a frazzle adjusting, and lt
Is pulled "down low nt the back, at the
sides, eyen in front. leaving nothing
but  face.   ears, nnd   the   top  of  the
collar visible.   According to the material you choose „wlll you look like n
Mongol or nn Armenian;-but,.strangely, enough, • most of the girls are fetching In" these turbans.   I have always
felt'llke a polar bear In that.white fox
neck piece of .mine, although the mufT
is" the.pride of my life with its grew-
some head and' realistic pnws. but now
tho difficulty .Is solved, and I'm going
tp* resemble a drum major instead ln
the" turban  I have had  made of, the
boa:   This turban and  muff ■ will   be'
perfectly.,stunning with* my new gown
of London smoke. *
There, are just heaps of other things
I wanted to tell you, but I am due nt
the nasologlst's., Everybody is having
her' fortune told, you know, by a
Frenchwoman* wuo reads whnt is in
store for you from the shape, lumps
Tnnd marks„on, your nose'.' I'have always supposed that this facial organ
only • revealed habits of intemperance
by its hue. .and tliat not Infallibly
But the nasologist's say tbat this Is'a
grossly ignorant misconception of,an
exact - science.    Ever   most   sincerely"
-rc*urs*.    .-„ \     MABEL.'
New York.
PAGE SEVEN
-yTin*lay-SerVed*%Vit_r8fuffrd"Onionir"
The bird can be fliled with a bread
dressing seasoned with herbs or chestnuts or a cracker one wlthuoysters to
suit the taste of the family.  If onions
- Orange Snow.-Herd'is a festive little pudding for some stray luncheon
which threatens to go wKliout a dessert. It's a dainty concoction of
oranges and custard and beaten whites
of "eggs. To make it squeeze two
oranges nnd grate the rind of one.
Add 11 small cupful of sugar, a pint of
water, and a tablespooufui of gelatin
dissolved Inn little cold water. Strain
and add the beaten whites of three
eggs." Pour Into 11 mold and stir occasionally till It'ls set. Heat a cupful
of milk and add the beaten yolks of the
eggs and the Juice of an orange, wjth
a half cupful of sugar... Cook till
smooth. Cool and place around the
pudding after It is turned out on a flat
dish, * ',
Croutons With Baked ' Apples.-Cut
stale.bread In half Inch slices nnd cut
a circular piece from each slice. Brush
these all over with melted butter and
brown In the oven. Core and pare ns
many medium sized apples as you
have croutons. Mix a cupful of sugar
and a cupful of boiling water and boil
"for six minutes. Thenndd,thp apples,
cover closely and cook until tender.
.Then place ln a baking dish with a
little butter and sugar on each, the
Juice of a lemon and the sirup. Cover
and bake for thirty minutes.' then remove nnd place an, apple on each
crouton. Pour over them the sirup
and-serve' hot. - "...
New Pudding.-Cook one pint of
cranberries, and run them through a
sieve to remove skins aud seeds. Add
the same bulk of sugar.and enough'
gelatin' to make a thick pudding,
which can be cut Into small squares.
Place tbis in a large dish and dot with
spoonfuls of apple jelly and shredded
pineapple. Cover with whipped cream.
It is, not only an attractive dish, but it
is very delicious.
,   ,1  FLEE'MY PEN.
I   flee- my   pen .when  heav>   grows  the
brain, .,-,,-. ,
When*for  ■_.  nappy  rhyme I  search  In
,  vain.
The ink -well closed, the pen laid In It*
place.      . ■ •    *',''*
I,seek for other scenes in outer space.
What'  though   the  wind  be  keen,   what
though itraln?        •   „   •   ■
I asked a change, nor "can I well, complain.    '....■ ,s ■       ,
If. by a wetting I my end attain.
So at a steady.' blood bewarming pace'
.1 flee my" pen.
Yes; just as piglets see a tempting lane -
Leading   to   meadows   ripe   with* golden
grain.
Break from their sodden sty aiid. grunting, raco. -.,_'■
Glad to escape their .on_ljr.es,- pent and -
base,
t-for the taste of freedom that I gain—.
I flee niy pen.
'-Charles Battell Loomls in'Judga.
Wasn't Taking  Chancet.
Sam Sleek-It's dead.easy to make
money when you know how,
Tom TootsrDo you know how?
Sam Sleek—Sure.
Tom Toots-Why don't you make
some?
Sam Sleek-I'm afraid*-1 might get
caught while trying to pnss it-Philadelphia Press,      . ,   '
EGYPTIAN RATS.
Mother of Rame'ses tiie Great Invented
.Hair Dyes.
Wo know that the ancient Egyptians
painted and powdered themselves and
curled their crimpy hair and that the
mother of Ramescs the Great was clever enough to be the lndy who Invented
hnir dyes..   Pcrhnps also she was the'
first   to   wear  n   i)on,p_adour for_. a t
Akhlmm,. upper Egypt, has been found"
TL'IIIUN ov lUlllt 1TIJII.
pleco of plemmutiy did not moot with
i-ii'-uhMMK-.flpiif.-iii _•. IJut somo day
"i imi, wlii-n J 0, J, -, j „. ..j* jj,t. t^i^
void In hls-i 1101 hi'lini I:. I'm going .0
refresh his im-mury uliuut old Phil
Armour, tho t*li|. iij»*n pucker, who one
dny, being In « -...iieMii*. niwd, called
Ills Ju'iul dork niul f-'l-l hlm to have
it'll ilie men in hin lurm-dinte otllre go
to 11 certain clnihing firm nml bo meni.
urcd for milts nl, hl» i-xjienm.. Ont
•nail Ihmnrht In* would make hny while
are not.used In the dressing they can
be parboiled nnd "then stuffed with
sausage and bnked or stuffed'and not
parboiled, but steamed , until tender,
Arrango about the turkey as Illustrated.
1     *
The Lemon st a Cleanser,
There Is no excuse.' for rough or
stained hands nowadays, ■ no matter
how' much time you must spend In tho
kitchen. A slice of lemon or n skin
from which tho Julco hns been squeezed rubbed on tho hands will remove
stains of nil kinds. As n nail cleanser
equal portions of lemon julco nnd alcohol helps to remove stains. It should
bo applied upon absorbent cotton
wound round n sharpened ornngo stick.
At night tho hands should be liberally
anointed with n toilet cream nnd looso
white cotton gloves worn to savo tho
hedclothlng.   "
Lemon juice will clonnso othor things
besides the skin. Copper mny bo clean
cd by rubbing with n lemon skin nnd
salt, It should ho wiped nt onco wltli
n cloth or clmmolN. Iron nn. nud Ink
stains may bo removed from linen by
rubbing with lemon juice nnd salt nnd
then exposing the spot to the sun,
Por foverlHhnons nnd unnatural
thirst soften n lemon hy rolling It on
somo hnrd Hiirfnre, cut off the top,
ntld sugiir. working It down Into tho
lemon with a furl;; then slowly suck
tho lemon,
Fernsry For Holiday Olft,
A little fernery thnt will delight the
porson who twelvci. li inn he easily
mnde from twocriwi'iitN of birch hnrit
liici'd together wlili light green Imliy
ribbon. Muko loops of tlie ribbon by
which It may he hung mid the dny bo-
fnn* r/'iirlximriH flit yonr "<,-..not-" with
molHt enrlh. plnnt In It n tiny aipnrn-
gui fern niid'iiiu- wllh n wider Jenf,
These may be Inui-hi fur fl cents each
nnd will keep fri'Hh fur weel.tt If mols-
I'-ix'd wlili n few drops of wnter rnch
dny.
You can prepnre n Christinas morn*
.».-. .,.,,., ..*     . . ....
' .....        I . A J ... .,,,„.,JA iff __(,__   >      :
llll  tl   wnnt.   |..>f.,ri'   vi*.up   fl-.»>-f-(.(»l   Vi
Easily Arranged.'
The eminent musician halted the
seedy looking man.
"Sharp," he said, "you are Just the
man I want to .see. I hnve an engagement to piny at.an afternoon affair at
.Mrs. De Plunk's, and I can't-possibly
go there. It means n couple of hundred. If ypu'Il take my place I'll divide with you. Walt; I'll see .that you
are made up so nobody can detect the
difference." ,   •'
"But tho playing! They will detect
the difference there."
"Not a bit of it. This ls a fnshlon-
able gathering, and  everybody- tnibij.
so loud that nobody hears a noter—'
Cleveland I .a|a Denier.
-„   *j	
t      Why and Wherefore. ,   '"
A minister one day found a little
boy in tears and questioned hlra as to
tho cause of his distress. The youngster replied that Ills father had punished him for being naughty, and he
was mighty glad that his mother had
not done it:'*
"'Vyhy do you prefer to havo yonr
father, whip you?" questioned the
minister. "Is It because he ls less severe than your mother?"    ,
"No." replied ' tho boy, "but when
ho licks mo mn snys he's a brute and
always gives mo money to buy candy. "--Harper's Weekly.
AN EOYPTIAN HAT AND COMB
a hair rat, politely called "coiffeur support," by the Metropolitan museum, In
Now York city, wliich is several thou-
snnd yenrs old. It Is of n leathery ma.
terlnl and moro llko the puds which
aro now In use, except that It Is beau-
tlfully omnmonted In n nlco wheel do-
sign, which shows tlmt tho curly
Egyptians were n fnr more beauty loving nation tlmn wo nro, slnco tho rat
which wns to support Iho hnir wns ns
Imiidsomoly decorated1 ns If It had
been worn outside.
Thero Is also nn nnelont comb from
Egypt, worn by somo henutlful womnn ut the time of tho Ptolemies. It Is
of bone and carefully enr ved and of a
design which Is still hi uso nt tho pros-
cut day. ,,   ,,
Tho Indies of Cleopatra's time ovl-
dontly hriiHlied their hulr down from
tho crown over the fnco, ndjumiiig tho
hnir support iim does the girl of todny.
Irohnbly iiIho they rutted their hnir,
r-omliMl It Inirli nnd fnsloned It securo-
l.v wllh the doulil.t tooth comb, or the
comb may have boon used to keep In
plnco some of the numerous puffs
which (hoy wore,
rl"h enrlh.. On ("lirlxtmiiR mnmlnjt
tr.inxpl-.nii tho »<-rdllii-:_. to half wai-
mi! riidU. nhlrh n.u*-t U> .*.ij-*il to
Hllh' .■.•min with "■fiii'i'llugH" on them
snd Med   with little  red  Imws.   Put
'   '•      ■•   •'-    ', - ♦.*    ■.__,"    Xilv,Xt,ltll*\
table and m* the delight they nrn sure
to pr«dnco, If yon mn get some very
small fnns you car. add one to each
f-irnery.
A Laundry Book.
The clover girl who innkes laundry
hookH for prciii'iiiH Hi'h-otN* 11 nent rice
paper for the leuvi-n nm] ruts the dun.
bio ,-ove,* from r,,, ,,„,,,,-<lf „ ,„,„
variety, then tio« ti„. |,.nV0H t0K,-ti„.r
wllh ml baby ribbon. Helween the
leaves of white pnper are hlm, rnrhon
Piper slips, so tlmt 11 diipl|<-i.|.. <M.py
I'i mi'de when one inurl.H off her inun-
dry. This miikoM n hindy booklet and
one thnt would b.. iijipreclnted by nny
,   : •**■' ■*«"•-* "*<*"<■ ii hm ni l-iiin-
drv   to  Xxor   .nun-v,. *■  nml   ......,  vi.e
bert-plf,
Her Idea of It.
"So you are going to marry Swell-
head?" asks tho erst whilo suitor.
"I nm," replies tho beauteous crea-.
ture.
"I don't see how-pnrdon me for being so frnnk-I don't seo how you eaa
ndmire him nt all. lie is so Insuffer*-
nbly conceited,"   '
"Well, If you wero engaged to mo It
would mnko you Insufferably conceited yourself!"-Cblengo Post,
Hiid Troubles.
"Sho got so much prniso for her attractiveness tlmt her head begun to
swell."
"Too bad!   Dld'Sho got worse?"
"Oh. yes. Her head began to be
turned hy It oil."
"Whnt happened then?"
"Then, she lost her hcnd."-.Ba!t!-
moro Amerlcnn,
Not ths Same.
Mcoks-My wife's front, nnmo In
Emma.
Weeks-Well, whnt if It Is?
Meeks-Oh, I merely mentioned It
for the purposo of setting myself
right. Ynu tuny think 1 nm henpecked,
hut I'm not,,even If I do feel slightly
Em-hossi'diit tlnies.-neirolt Tribune.
In Hit Pockot.
"flee whiz," cti'liilmi'd I.unchiTmn
the next morning, "I haven't 11 cent In
lny pocket thli mnnilm.!" u
"Well," remarked IiIh wlfo shnrply.
"who's to bin mi' for thnt hut your-
ntlt'i"
"l-er- ililnli H'ltiinliody eluo has had
fl hnnd In ir'-l'hfliidelpliln Press.
threnlcncd hy tho foes of Its own
!**.u-d..l_l,
It seems odd that nsrtv pn)blon
plu.oi-r.K-y, protoftlon, , -priest rr«ft,
press craft, poverty, palaver, panic,
paradox, punulte, p*tron«t«, plunder!
tioonago, perfidy, pettlfeimery, peculation, plgnlshnes* and a lot nf oMnr.-r
nasty word* of sinister meanlnir ■hoitM
nil begin with P. Perhaps a certain
Mephsnt has P-resl . 1 It Is a sweet
ly solemn thought thai O, 0. \\ «niU
n*«,__-«_.„   *' ,""""r WB "Re mith P--*-*>-*"**** *l fc^l* *nd» aad a
Oemomey  whose  national  life wa, SCTo In the middle.
It «fn» odd that "Protectlon"
hhould ban. lomo to mean tyranny,
inf.. fill*/* .1.1.. 1'own rf slit crucltj u t; •*.
(wr and weak, while It spell* %Vt,-M
pxl\iU-*-,. in tlw right »tnd pon'.Tful.
And 11 *_-i> ■• mlrarlcof oiMnc**!'hut
ninny million fre_ bom A«.*tTjrAt*.i**
AhmiM i-v f*<-m«firf troo trttdo - - f
•_-.e thi- I'hl'.ii from the greedy haii'Jt
that nro «ti';i"i(!y nnd surely Uln,'.-..*.
Ameri(.. to liinantf-r .
It  utmn <Md  that  i-mk-Mtooi;-! t
should Inxo .1e<itroyt*d patriotism.
A Unique Salad Oowl.
The hlieii of tin. i*:«iniu cheese tmkta
h n|iliine lunvl for .1 naiad  made of
'    *-/.   ik!>a,V    m-Cl.il    Ji.ill   WtlH|.   grilpl'N.
A mayonnaKf drr«n«lnB Im better with
Hilt thnn the I-Vih li dre«slng. Tht
• 'iwni' Mhi .1 win ho found lo Impart t
dell-loui fl"v. r i„ ,|l(, K,,|,)(| |,W|j
Profeitlonsl Advlct,
"Doctor,"   wild    the   convnlescenf.
smllliig  weakly,   "you   may  send   In
yonr bill nny day now,"
"im, tin." replied the M. D„ Bllene-
l'.x I.!*  ■...,'.'■_.■,,'   11.,',', ,,   »,.»e u( Ui*
hnnd.    "You're   not    himii-;   enough
yet."-.luilire.
Not Pride.
Itwld -fllil villi tint tre .i.ih> l.lol, *i((«»
ru-.sanfe.ilh.-r iic'd her iioho In her
new nuiniii' lil'e-?
(.rf..i-e c*»!. v*.«: *!,.' wns slttlijf
rl'lu i'ut iho ni-'lliit* tankt-YonWert
vi:iti>-»'< 111
Result ef  English  Football Matched
Played Saturday.
'ItliK.
j    UtMlUX, M«r«-h L'T.   fI<»Ti.<r- ir
J wero  tuer-rsiiftii   |n   the  ftr«t   Ii-briu*
.ti-otbaU unnwe p|a>«d   on   Kniurdny,
j fit-nront winning,    rollo5v|nK nre the
: jcauJis: .
,    T'lttouhiAUi Uut*p»r. 'i. it'M,L\w, Ath-'i
I _ic 0    . t
t 1
1    Ulnrkburn Union,, i;  Sou*. Foront
11.
"'    Sheffield I'nlK-d 2: Mlddb^'uroiwb.
I.
Thri«-»  Mnn  Kllf-ji. Thtm.-r.tvea {n ge-
attle This Mornin-j
SKATTI.K, Mnrch 57.- Three men
•"(.■mi;,!Mul huhl-l.. vnrli to-day iti Sent ih* -» M. S. I,nne. a pioneer real
•mate Jiui-iit. tthot nnd killed hlra-ielf
in Mn ..fftrc Walt Sine, a Chlnr«.
Immrtn mnn, prirroted hii"a<'If wltb a
frctdilv wimhed towel In I1I1 Innndri*.
(ii-orgi- \'hii, ;i S*('i\t,tn fn.it ,u.al»r in
S!.-»!h:«J ..;;-.iii.i. *_„_. (ind ltiii.,1 himself
'n  1.1. »,'f,r<-   while flsiifinR oier hli
MNrtllfit •?-■-'-."
•• 3'      '*.*
* yy7^yi''^'yyry
a  .
PAGE EIGHT
TKE DISTttlCT LEDGES, PBRNIE, B. C, APRIL 1,1911.
'/,
AROUND TOWN
Methodist ," Church     Ladies^,   Aid
'monthly tea at the home of Mrs. Dim-
mick on  Tuesday next,  April 4th.
.',    '*S. A. Williams,  of Tethbridge,-representing the Rand Drill Co., was .a
• • guest at the King Edward this week.
. ; Millinery Opening .Friday, , March
■  - . Slst and  following days. ^ "You  are
earnestly    invite'd    to    atend.—Miss
EULER - .      32-2t
. ,..Superintendent Helm, of'the' Domin-
. .   ion Express Company, was in town this
* u ■* week attending to business connected
with his position.
Mrs. John Lowe-intends making, a
trip East in the near future, when
Jack will be'able to reminesce on the
pleasures of bachelordom.
Ladles' Stylish Suits and RaUeeatf
, The newest and best of the season.
Select the one ■ you want now and
save ■ from 20 to 30 per cent.—Miss
EULER. " 32-2t
Rev.-E. W. Morgan, superintendent
of Chinese Missionaries in China, who
is home .in a visit, will preach in the
Methodist .Church, Sunday next, at
both the morning, 11 o'clock, and evening service, ,7.30 p.m.
,On  Monday evening the  reverend
gentleman will deliver lantern lecture
" in the church witli "China" for his subject.     Collections will be taken up. *
He is accompanied in his travels by
'v  Rev. Dick Man, a Christianized Chinaman who confines his missionary work
■(,  to the people of his own race:
FERNIE BAND
Once again the Fernie Band, under
'the able direction of Prof. Zaccaro, are
discoursing sweet musi"-. for the clele.
tation of the citizens and will continue
to do so every Sunday tro'm now on.
.The band has struggled manfully and
wo hope that their effo-ts may roie'vo
appropriate consideration from the
City Council to which they are justly
entitled.
"' . ON TOUR
The Famous. Fernie Silver Band of
the' Salvation Army will start on a
tour Wednesday nex£ when they will
make" their first public performance
.at Coleman. They are billed to make
-visits, to the principal towns through-,
out. Alberta. '
GOES  EAST ON  BUSINESS TRIP
Mr. Walter Hunnable, inventor of
-~the—sash^w'indow_,iastener._lefiJj)ji_s_
trip through the United States this
week for the'purpose of interviewing
and consulting with, responsible firms
regarding the manufacture and sale of
this useful household accessor v.
O'CONNELL TO GET
MITCHELL'S DOSE?
Locals'of I. A. JM. in Conn.. After Him
on Civic Federation  Issue
;NEW -HAVEN, -,Conn.—A/ strong
movement has been started.'by the
various locals iii'this state of the International'Association of Machinists
to suggest to the international presl-
i -
dent, James O'Connell,, that he resign
as head of the machinists union.
, Several organizations 'in  lho state
have"already made*,this  demani  on
O'ConrielL,
Tho reasons which are • given for
this action against the head of the machinists' organization aro that". tho
Civic gang attempts to perpetuate tlie
hypocritical teachings that the,Interests of the masters and the slaves are
identical, and that that organization
has done and ls doing all in Us power
by underhand methods to weaken tho
power of organized labor.      ..    " ',
In most of tho unions In the state
the Socialist teachings are making
rapid headway, and this, tho conservative elements in the organization realize, is responsible for the action against them because of their connection
with an, organization whose purpose
is to'emasculate the labor movement
by controlling its most prominent
members. "
This opposition to O'Coiiaell is'.nct
only strong in this state. It is spreading to all the locals where the machinists ,are organized. For years the
membership has been realizing that
they have been, fooled by a conserva
tlve and capitalistic leadership. But
it was not until the United Mine,
Workers, the largest' labor union in
America, started the ball rolling that
they began stepping into - line. A0,
far as can be learned, O'Connell has
made no reply to the locals opposing
him. .„ '
From reliable sources it'is learned
that throughout .the country the various labor organizations are preparing
for a move to, put the Civic Federation out of husiness, so far as its connection (With the organized labor movement* is;, concerned, ',"<- A general* attack is to be made against union leaders connected with it.
An important, phase of this movement against-the. Civic Federation Is
the fact that It originates,, principally,
from'the rank'and file of the mem
bership, which shows that it is a
healthy trend; instead of a movement
the late king, is.to,read the>opening
address in medicine.-""' Professor Alexander Primrose, of Toronto, Is to deliver the address in"surgery. The celebrated Doctor William' Mayo,, of Rochester, has arranged to'.be present': nd
is expected to,take a prominent'paij_
in the  discussions.   ..*    . **<* ■4    ',*/*-'*.
Amongst the subjects of great importance to Canadlans'at large, will he
discussed ,fn a* proposed^campaign- against typhoid tever.7 The experience
of Toronto, of-Montreal .in 1910,'. and
•presently, that of .Ottawa, baye made it
essential, tiat". united action ."should be
considered to allay the'terrors of ."this
dread and yet preventable disease.'.
•Reduced rates have been-promised
by the railway companies and already
a large number of Canada's medical
practitioners have signified their intention, to be present. .    -,'
ACCIDENT   AT   THE   MACCARONI
FACTORY ,
Gugliemo (Will) Scalazo, an Italian
ago about 32, employed at tho Mac-
caronl Factory of Marlnaro Brothers,
had the misfortune to get his left hand
caught in tho machinery on Thursday
aftornoon. Tho member was so badly
mutilated that It was found necessary
to nmputnto on Friday morning,
INFRACTION     OF     THE     BOILER
INSPECTION ACT
Charges having beon preferred hy
Boiler Inspector Androw Suthorlnnd"
for/alleged Infractions of tho Bollor
Inspection Act against Mr. Hp.rvoy
Brown ns nn employo, nnd tho C. N. P,
Coal Co, ns omployors, boonuso tho
former was working nt Conl' Crock
without tho nccessni-y certificate, the
caso cnmo up bn Tuesday boforo J, S.
T. Alexander, Stlpondlnry Magistrate,
nnd a vordlct of guilty rondorcd, but
Bonlonco wns not Imposed ut tho solicitation of Mr. W. 8. Lnno of Ross,
MncDonald and Lano, representing tho
coal company, as ho nskod for n slated
case--!, o„ his contention was that
thoro was a duly, qunllflod engineer
possoHBlng tho nocosHiiry cortlflcnto,
in chnrgo, honeo It was a moot -p-os*
tion ns to whothor nn Infrnctlon hnd
boon committed,
i.i;,
ifii'W'*-*.'
J*, f!" V*.
V;.  ;■' -.*  •••—■"^i5*--*;■•;'i:
_B __.!£_>*• r_*_-aK
*_» V_> i> *m W * >_* m  *.. I-*
It Quick
for you nro not. likely to got
such another real estato np-
-     ,.._!.,.    a„.I-    I.,    n    I,,,,.,,,,
It'-"" •       '"v. _ ■
We Have
The House
you flro ofter, and nro prepared to sell it in you tor a wnUy
low price and upon tho moat
liberal term**.. Uon't dclny
< coming to too an nbout It, or
or prorap'or buyer* 'M'l ?na*,»
up Dw best bargains.
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance     Real Estate
of •_ ival factions ~df" leaders "Taking-a
vantage of popular sentiment "in order
to swing into power.   . .
The Tailors' Union is also after the
Federation. , J. B, Lennon, treasurer
of .the A. F. of L. and secretary of
the Tailors, is a member of the'Civic
Federation. James O'Connell, the
present head of. the 'Machinists,.Is a
member,of Belmont's organization, hut
tn defending himself says he has not
been active in Its councils the past six
months.
Tho Cignr Makers' Union will take
action at their forthcoming convontlon
and It looks as If the Federation will
bo put on tho ban. Samuel GomporB,
prosldont of tho A. F..of L., Is a cigar
maker and ls an official of tho Civic
Federation.
Tho Typographical Union does not
look with favor on tha Civic organization and has' never been .connected
with it.
And other orgnnlzntlons will follow,
TE8T OF THE GAMEWEl.L .,,,,
FIRE ALARM SY8TEM
On Wednesday afternoon tho members of tho City Council, roprosonU*
tlvos of flro Insurance,compnnlos and
tho press, as woll ns other well-known
citizens nsBomhled nt tho Flro Hnll for
tho purposo of witnessing tho test of
tho Qnmowoll Flro Alarm system, Tho
rapidity with which tho hitching up
procoss with driver sontod rondy for
duty wns commendable, nnd although
thero was no slop watch on hnnd to
mnko a positively nccurnlo tlmo tost
It was botwoon IR nnd 20 seconds,
Sovornl of tho city fnthors rottrod
for tho purpoBo of turning In nn nlnrm,
keeping thoir Intentions regarding tho
station lo ho selected a socrot. After
nbout nn nbsonco - ot qunrtor af nn
hour 1-8 was sounded, and the brigade
atnrtod out of tho flro hall nnd pro*
coodod down Victoria Avonuo to tho
vicinity of tho school, Tho wretched
condition of tho streets, ospocJnlly
near tho Henderson Block, caused tho
heavy wagon lo (lit considerably, mueh
to tho dlscomflturo of thono limiRlng
on the sides, but tho worst thoy suffered was n liboral sprinkling of Fernio
roal ostato In liquid shape. Thoy
did not mnko ft rocord run. Tho
test of tho Gnmo^cll system was com-
nlntelv sntlnfnctory and will bo of groat
| assistance in preventing any loss of
{tlmo In turnnlg in nn alarm, und wo
Jean roly upon tho department to do
j Iti* pan to reach tho sane of fire with
I the least possible delay.
AN ANCIENT-CHARITY CASE
By X. Y. Z.
"Succor the needy," feed the hungry,
clothe the naked, - shelter the - homeless!" Such were the commands .of
ancient religion as to mutual helpfulness.^ They'were given at a" time
when modern organized charity was
unknown.* And they were lived up to
In a devotional spirit. , '•
What would,have,happened if' 1,900
years ago organized charity _ of the
modern type had flourished in Palestine and a certain young carpenter
from Nazareth had applied for relief?
His cause would have been duly referred to a trained investigator. And
the answer to the schedule of inquiries
would have been, something like the
following:, ;    ..
Name: Jesus, son of Joseph, * the
master carpenter. !' -
Health: Good.* Capable'of hard
work. '     ■■ .,
Occupation: Journeyman carpenter.
- Applicant has not worked at ■ his
trade, for the last three years. Has no
tools. Either "sold or pawned them,
probably., Has no home..,. Associates
with low characters of both sexes/ also
shiftless (and roving .Indulges frequently in disrespectful and seditious
talk about the constituted authorities.
Is'- strongly .,- suspected of anarchistic
tendencies. Manifestly has been "living on handouts, or wor.se. It is of
record that he and his gang plucked
ears of corn in the fields without permission. Also that he instructed 'some
of his garig to .steal a jackass* and
bring it "to-him'for his use.' Which
they did, *-,'•'
He. should be taken Into court as a
vegrant.and committed,-.to the farm
■eolonyfoi—trampsr— '*   " *—.—
Letters to tie Editor
■*   '•*• ;-<■   - -.    .
(Continued from -page 7) -
the men  forC'Unlbn .*■assessments,' if
tl)ey did not want to do'ao, and'also de-
iijjd our lawyer to force the company
to spay the chequeover to tha union, ■,*■,
Mr. Whitesides also made assertions
to; the same-effect.    *.'". ■•■•''X
i. ,    . <**-.«",
! After'considerable trouble the company ^decided-to pay over the cheque
to vthe unloni and left, the hospital
"account under' dispute to* be decided
by two lawyers and the judge, of the
district court" * This was^oa .Thursday last, after vthe mlrieB" had heen
stopped "for four days. ""'The men resumed'work on Friday moaning? '**,
' Through the action"-of VMr.':White-
sides' the question -arises: 7 "Is the
present check-off system'good, enough
and does'it provide sufficient protection to the-unions of the.-district?
'-' rthink the-actlon ofMr:-.Whltesldes
in. stopping this ".cheque: along with
the assertions made by himself and thb
company's lawyer, as stated above, will
suggest the .answer to every'- union
man in District-I?;' ■'_•"'
. <•■ :- x r . " -,- * ','.''
The Scale Committee was "representing the miners of this district and the
coal operators association,*, met "at
Calgary at;th_ beginning pf March, to
draw up,agreements for.the different
camps, and came to dead-lock'On this
very question.     The' representatives
of the miners wanted the'system amen-
* *■.,-, i **  -
ded, but the operators would not • hear
of such a tb!ng,,and claimed; that the
system now*, in use worked very satisfactorily ,t6,aiv concerned,', "Mr. White-
sides, who was a member of tha.t committee, return, from- that conference
and stops our assessment cheque and
tells us at- the. .'same'time 'that the
check-off system is no, good and says
he* will pay the hospital cheque over
just as soon as we give him a guarantee that the .hospital account will, be
paid. .•.-'.i
■ In Calgary he argues that the system
is all that is"required.' He then returns to Coleman and demonstrates to
everyone that the system .is no good
whatever.   v**. "' '-
I might say ihat this is the second
time Mr. Whitesides has stopped our
union cheque..u Just two years ago
the miners' union owed the Coal Co* an
account "for. th'e "installation of* lights
in the"- Opera .'House. , This account
was not settled' soon enough fbr'i'Mr.
Whitesides, so he deducted from the
union assessment cheque'the amount
due to the. company; I refused, to
accept the^ cheque with ,these deduc-
,tlons,_and__,a__k6__.for_a_che_qu__L_for^thg_
SMOKING CONCERT TO W. R. ROSS
On Tuesday night the usual moving
picture ' show of the Fernie 'Opera
House was replaced hy a smoker given
to celebrate'.he arrival in town of
the Hon. W. R.' Ross, representative
from the Fernie riding.. 'Everybody
reports having had an enjoyable'time
as refreshments both liquid and solid
were dispensed unstintlngly, Interspersed with song, story and speech.
FERNIE   PREFERRED
Tho meetings of the menil.&ru ol
the O. R. T. (Telegraphers) along the
Kootenay Division from Lethbrldfjo
and Kootenny Landing who have heretofore met ln McLeod, having decided
that- Fornie Is.more convonlent point
will foro/jathor ln this city evory third
Sunday for tho purpose of discussions
of interest and Importance to tho brass
poumllng fraternity:
WILL RUSH COAL UP GREAT
LAKE8
TORONTO, Mnrch 27.~Coal jobbers
horo hnvo boon urged to rush up .tlio
lakes by the' first voasols nil posslblo
cnrgooB of fuol on tho oponlng of navi*
gntlon, ln ordor to offsot- tho propo&od
striko of miners' in Albortn, Tho flnnnclnl Interests horo expect n bnttlo
ihnt will ultimately doBtroy tho union's
Influoncn or make for opon shops for
nil tlmo in Ihat territory, — Calgary
Horald,
full amount;, whereupon Mr. - White-
sides told me'that just as soon asl
banded him a'cheque for the amount
due to' thet company he-would hand
over the union cheque for the fullam-
ount, and not before. ;And this had'
to be done before he turned over the
cheque.    ';     ;' '': '
The miners" of Coleman think that
the Coal Company have acted very
,mean on ,theso' two occasions, and
more "especially in tho last case, as
it is by no means certain that the
miners union owe the account rendered.'    "
When. this mlno first Btarted Mr.
Flummerfelt, one bf the promoters of
tho company,' promised .that thoy intended ,to ~do'gront things for the
mon who.wbyked at tliolr mine, and
the town In general.
Ho promised that tho company
would build n hospltnl, and also a
rending, and recreation room'for the
men omployod, (ind other'things that,
would go to make Coloman an Ideal
town. , ,
Ivot us seo what thoy hnvo dono
' When tho hospital was built hy tho
minora' union tho company gavo ono
lot free and tho minors' union had to
pay, $500 for • tho ono adjoining on
which to build, According to tho latest bill sent ln to tho union thoy gavo
light nnd wntor for tho porlod of throo
months,, ns this account "dates back
lo Juno 1st,'1900. The hospital was
opened In March, 1000.
When tho'miners decided to build
thoir own hall bn a ficale largo enough
to allow of tho building being used
as an oporn house, I was Instructed
to wrlto to Mr,. Plummorfelt and ask
It tho International Coal and Coko Co.
would grant us * a "donation.'towards"
same.";;-- ' *•,_.*■- .* %7"\ '-'*;•• ■*-•"-'•'
"'Mr; Flummerfelt' answered "my;let.
ter "saying ■ that in' all i probability7the
company would .give, a -donation -to.
wards such a building.-'but if "they
everMntended doing-so-I must-thank
them for their good intentions* as that
-was the last I-ever heard of'iC., ti'.-. *>
, ; I don't think anyone can accuse the
International 'Coal - arid *'Cobe; Cbo of
undue prodigality • [.n - their efforts -to
better the conditionsof their employes
who live in,and around, Coleman.7J
;; On; the other, hand, .whaL-has the
miners' union done to help fill tho coffers of,the. company? ""■;"**;,".". -J*-11',/-*' ■•"*• *
£ We havo bought three lots, which
cost $1400. _ We have .erected buildings on these lots,-thereby, adding considerably, to'the value of the company's,
lots in the neighborhood of i these
buildings. Wo pay. the company .$43.20,
per month for light; $6 per month for
water, and $3 per night extra for light
for picture shows which are running
eight nights per. month. This makes
a* monthly account from the Miners'
Hall alone of $73.20. .'7      .... ;"'.
This, with.$15.50 per month for,the
hospital makes a total monthly, payment by the,miners', union to the company of $88.70. /, . _._.-■""'",'
;, We are doing all in our power to
bring,pur hospital right up-to-date,
and are not;* and1 never have fun.this
institution as a profit making concern.
What we are aiming to accomplish is
to, have a hospital "where the very
best.medical and surgical treatment
can he had right at.home by all who
are unfortunate enough to require it.
Wo'have gone to considerable expense in acquiring modern equipment
and keep two;certified nuraes at the
hospital to render the best assistance
possible.       '    . " 7 .• ' A i ,
We intended.enlarging the.hospital
this spring, as,the accommodation is
scarcely' adequate t;o meet the requirements of the district. \
However, the International Coal and
Coke Company says, whether rightly
or wrongly, "Pay these bills, we need
the money."
. Having stated these facts I will
leave your readers to judge the case
for themselves.
, I-,must apologise for having written
at*such great length, but I considered
it necessary to, state all the facts from
the start so that readers.of this letter
would he able to form an unbiassed
opinion.   7   > *?, ,,  .
.Thanking you for your kind consideration,*    ',   '   "' ' ■ . '   .'     '.'.•'
.*" "* I remain, ; V * , -*i - '_"*{
.   ......    Yours very truly,
• i - 7 . " • *WM. GRAHAM, ,-
T^   7?    ~" ^T?-Secf-faryr
MONTltJSAL, Mnrch *.!.—t'-rcml in-
terest Is holing shown In tho doming
meeting of tho Canada Medlcnl Association which Is to ho held In Montreal on Juno 7th to 0th next under
tho presidency of Doctor Ceo. B. Arm-
.x'vxxw/, of Montr***--*.. Thti moollntr
follows Immediately after tho open-
iu„ a Dw new mcII'T.? bnlldlnc of
■••"-'111 University by liln ..uellency
Ur ri Gr<y when there will Un a reunion of tho many graduates of MrOIII.
The mo-Mint**; of thi** Canada Modlcnl
A.f.OlfJ.ilJC.rJ fi.f'ttiiM**** tf> t'f.  f-T.*' r,f tfc.
U,Hat _ li*c..-*!'f>il fn thn hHforj- nf Ihnt
society. Many ph.uhlan, and sur-
v,i onu of world-wide tr-puththm have
rMipilflM iheir intontion nf lieing pre-
sc-nt.     Sir Thomas Parr, physician lo
Thi» Genuine Rogers
Orange Spoon FREE
Hnvo 12 "Snnklut" Omnn (or
Lomco) wr mer* _aJ •(imatbim
to ui, with Vie to p»y chutr«■*■.,
•tn   •nilwm'wIHTircti.nlVrtHWllh
aMnulnvKoi.arflUrari-roi.poon,
nrwmUtnl d»»lrtt_ unithlRhmt
QuKlily,   lUsta *»yii._( v.i_p-
twr-ttoiUy. *_n.l2!'Hu*_VlHr'
wrn.prx.ri. tn-n Wo (or «aoh
»-M'«Iibi1 t^-xn.
IBHmlUlBf, pl-UUIKtB^fMh
mn Um »muunt I* 1*** ihni
■Vii nn rnnnnnl* »l>o»« too «*•
1m_ Ihnn
_        ^•lOO'tra
litvtft ixntul   null'. Inoiicr
^»,iii. f.tr rcMnriliirnr .nihk
piUhtsd  IU IlluiVtuua*   «__m 'i__.m___.r_n »^-
wnrpRtn-lnHe. A'-Rnn. _5_W      ^Sba
Wgtii_ .    _'^___»-__*. -± .
CORRECTING LETHBRIDGE
*    HERALD
<i'
To the Editor, District .Ledger, Fornie.
Dear Sir,—At the request'of Local
2589 IJ. M. W. of A. I would ask that
you_ correct the .statement made ln
theMssue of the 25th ln the* Lethbridge
Herald, re Dupens Mine, to the effect
that tho men.are not well organized
there, because this ls Inaccurate, as we
consider - that this'local compares favorably with any    In  'District ' 18.
Minty-elghts,per cent of*tho men employed carry union cards.
.Thanking you for this courtesy.
I am, dear'sir,
Yours' fraternally,  •'
;    *, THOS. LONGWORTH
See.'Local 2589 U.M.W. A.
(Seal attached) *   '
,7
's: Nest Trading m
"■     , .       .7 7. *i.llWIT_»*.' ;.' .--..->•  :;
The Store of Gooci Values
ii.-  ii
GrocerySv>g
' In "     }<       \
.-*'.-.  y.-y {i
:^.7>Pfer:^Saturc
, -',       .   V              '   ,        '    '*   ,     -       ,       ' 1!
■ '     "■      ,   -      '     -           - ,,t        --*.,.
la}
"' ■■    .       .y~'r   ',
fryy
?■
'    -   ,' *-
Canada First Cream,' 20. o?.
Tins,',
,, , ^    11 Tina ior fl.OQ
I    > -            ,'.'    -
.-
'2 lb.. Tins Table Syrup, each _	
.... *.
.* ioc,*;.
■: ;5 lb. Tins' Tabic. Syrup, each ....
ru   *■        '
. "25c.
,   3 lb.' Tins Preserved Apples, each ..
T-          ,      *
■:"ioo ."'•-:
JO          r
Sheriff's Jelly Powders, 4 pkts....-. .'
: v 25c/ '
SPECIAL VALUE IN ,mUNKS,
SUIT
CASES 7
'^              AND TELESCOPES
-
-   '-    '"      :
^    i-    y      f      ',      ^          •...        ,;>.,
-
'.-   ■*     "
■Vte, :.
carry
out
your
orders
TORONTO GLOBE FORECA8T8
6ENERAL ELECTION
, TORONTO.—The following dispatch
lo tho Qlobo from Ottnwn ls rogardod
hero as slgrilffcant: 'Tho government
will, by attempting to force supply
during tho .next two weeks", compel
the obstructionists lo clearly show
thoir hand, and, In tho ovont of a continuation of,tho present tactics and a
rofusal to pass an Interim supply bill,
If found nocossary, lt might bo that,an'
nppoal to the country would bo found
necessnry to solve Iho dead-look,
Tho Issuo. in that ovont would bo
clearly defined, and although lt would
bo obviously, unjust for tho opposition
to forco un npponl to the country boforo anothor session, whon tho redistribution hill could ho put through, nnd
tho west glvon Its propor roprcoonla-
tion In now.mombers, tho onus would
Ilo with tho opposition, and the govornment would not fear tho result,
Plve thousand oranm farm-
«rs la California do their own
packing, shipping and selling:,
' They Rrade and stiloct their crop
firsts aro fancy, Itrvo-rlpened, hand-picked, seed-
leu, fibrelew, thin-skinned ornnffes-overy Individual orange a perfect tpecim-Mt of tho finest variety
of oranges.  They are not only more healthful ana
mora palatable than other oranges, hut tliey nro nctu-
ally cheaper, fortheynre nearly nil meat and nourishment.
Your dealer tell* "Ktniki.t'' Orange*. Ask (or them.
Voir will knowtliftn by the IJiiiio paper wrapper In which each ''iJunkl ." Ornngo is.   "
imcked. On tho wrapper note tlm label,,
''Kunki.t."    K»«p iill ihe v.i*|_iH_/_ik
They are worth money to you.
Best California Lemons
Come in "Sunkiit" Wrappers
Ym* turn Me*Urn*** *fc» ISs»*"«*jhS'**'*' ivJ^*»*ir. If
.bmrwair"SortUl"mtarmitthrr *ta Jak-y nnt ff-«oJ.
f.ir nl":*. .im n>i»»Wr»*»*fi»**i***«irplrtr. TVy nm (iti. n. fn*
■i"S^^f»rOraog.»,itiitirirtrwf'-'spi.Miift. e«jn»ti*/v*!i.»W«,
rCAUFORNI\ FRUIT GROWERS' EXCHANGE
*»> 105 KING ST. EAST» TORONTO, ONT.
SHOE MACHINERY
TRUST IN CANADA
OTTAWA, Ontario, March 23.—Hon.
W, h. MacKenzie King, Mlnlstor of
Labor, announced In tho Houto of
Commons to-night that an application
had hoon mado by -tho Unitod Btaton
Shoe Machinery Compnny of Canada
for a writ ot prohibition .restraining
tho board ot investigation reo-i-ntty
ere_*>t*Jd to .n.c_,..«_*it. li uuihr lho
combines Investigation act from proceeding with the Investigation. -
Tho minister said that tho govornmont would oppose   tho1  application
Vine.I   -Villi  tin limuis  JVi   _i.UMUt_»-ik   \*r
morrow, nnd said thnt if tho writ
wero granted on appeal would ho taken, but that In order to mako tho pro*
ccdure swift" and suro, and to swoop
aside nil technicalities and dilatory
prorfl.>dfn.r.». the urovemment would, If
necessary, introduce a meflmiro In
I'l-irllnmonf which won Id nullify ih*> «_•
forts of the shoo marhlncry «ompnny
to evade Ihe provisions of |$1_. act'
CHRIST CHURCH LADIES' GUILD.
Do y»u
. prefer your
clothes.- _aade
toorier?
■n
.7 Fit-Reform ■ Special
Order Service is maintained .for  those  who
. demand individual designing and tailoring.
We sureablet'oofferyousomething
which you cannot obtain in any other
'y tailoring establishment in Canada—the -
fy-- services of the cleverest designer and -
the most expert tailors' in the .country,
mm
■ Special Order Department
1     ■*'  '   -   ;'    *    '<   X     ■   ,■':'.'■   1'7 , "      '•''*
vT *> ' - * ' I
. enable* you to get exactly what you wwt la style,
cut and fit. - -  _. ' " ,.-*^:-
Every special order, goes to the Fh-&efor_m
designer and is made up under hia yarabiml
supervision. -~-iy.
You iWake selections from hundreds at
choice  patterns, from the leading
mills  of England,  Scotland and .
Ireland.',,
We guarantee the fit—just'
as we guarantee fabrics
and tailoring.
Wrlto for samples
and self-measure- *
mentblanks—if
you live at a
distance from
the Word-
robe.
316
We
suggest
-but
do not
dictate
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Agents in Fernie
Llvo Man or Womnn wanted for
work at homo paying $2.00 or $3,00
per day with opportunity to advance
Sparo time may bo used. Worlc not
difficult nnd roqulros no oxporlonco.
Winston, Llniltod, Spadlna Avonuo,
Toronto. 32-5t
TO RENT—TWO New, nowlyplastor-
Uw,*»,...wj Ilc'.'xr; ■"•■r"d t*** "•**'*<
vt.r, tor ench', fond wsll close hy, Apply, noht Wrloht, W«Bt Fernio.   S2-4tp
VOU BALW—•House, not plastorod,
water Inside, bn half lot, 80 jr. 120,
nnd ii RtinMr. rornnr nf MftKvoy Bt.
nnd Mason Avenue; cheap for cash,
Apply, Goo. Holmes, Box 81, Pernio.
•H- P.
TO KENT—Six   room,  all  modern
Houso.    Hot and cold mater (McPher-
aon Ave.)      Apply nt f.i»d*tr*"r" ottleo,
33t. p
'Hi. r«.u,ulai,' Uiutuu.Tca will lie ticM
nt the residence of Mra, Geo. Dell,
Howland Avenuo, on Wednesday, April
Ub.
Remomher the Grand Theatre has
the rj<itt«;*t *nnd best, films.
SptclkJ^luea la.steel rods. $3.50
each at'Melon's nnig Store.
' Cuf-'j-hiinlr llnon throo tor a quarter
at McUnn's Drug Store*.
Tho Grand Theatre aro putilnk on an
especially mood program.
POIl RENT—Helntrmnn Parlors,
Minora' Rlock, either whole or part ol
atoro.~At.ply, D. Roes, P. O. 801,
Fornie, B. C, .    ,  ,
WANTICD-QIrl for Konornl husoo-
work for Hosmor Hospllul. Must ho
Kood cook; wagos satisfactory, Por
particulars apply Uili.or Offlco,
'   ' *     ■
POh SALE- Ohe or two goofl l-lrlvlnir
teams; hrolton to Blnglo or douhlo
harness; agoa from H to 7 years; suitable for bujusy or delivery rlga.—S.
J. HARRISON, Wardnor, 11. C.     at*p
MONI3Y TO I.OAN-M. A. Kastner
Pernio l.nd district for tho Colonial
Investment Company, nt\d-ls prepared
to advance monoy on-l^iBliioss blocks
at a reasonable r.nter-of Interest.
** ' 1^ **l'    "■ *l        * i        i  |
FOR RENT-Pivo' RooIm Cottage.
Apply, W. Minton, Annex. 31-6t
TORONTO.—lt Is stntod that the
C. N.R. compnny l» neijollatlnn for the
tSi. -fjosEeslon of. -Mtensive <oal lr-
tinnti nn the shitTa nf Itrnlo IjiUo,
near tho Yellow TTead Pass,, Tlie
properly lies on the propou-d main
line of tho C. N. R. thronch tbo mountains, No details are yet to hand,
hut thn transfer will Invotvo a lnrtso
•um ot money.
____.

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