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The District Ledger 1911-07-22

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7 <*
industrial Unity is' BtrengtH. j I y y -_.*■
;,.. ' -   .   HV''-'   •U'--   i-
*-"«'-"*..*-**,-- -.,'•     ,'  '' *       -
.  -■• '"-.    -...'{'*'*;-'."'' "    * '* - 7-     ,- -., "■'
,w.*  ..*- -.,c  -, .The, Official Organ of District Na i8..U. M. W. of-A,
«:;-'!p -J i;M*?-'.*-;-.,,^-_;..--*-1
y.~t. '   .* *' "' -*r-£l
'fo-r- ---v^l
Political Unity, is Strength
i) .-,
' .'■•V. *-■•
Vol! f,IV.,
$1.00 A.YMR
-.   -
'   I,     "*s
I* ".' '*
Showing Available Lands
Fci Colonization and
- . .■ *- ' .  ,   -*•'--".•,    ■ -"   - .*    ■*'
7 .Fpiiig Pursuits
_,    VICTORIA,    July—In'   accordance
- with aprdmlsegiven'the'public of Brl-
",tish  Columbia "by,-Hon: -■'Wiliiam-'W:
* Ross upoin his acceptance "of, the res-
»  , .. . ._. , *   , ,   .
- ponsibilities "attaching to the admin-
- is'tratlon 'Of-the" Department of Lanas,
' there are'-now almost ready, for, issue
in that Department the, four first of a
"    ,   - -- ,     ■ 1 ,     -.   *■       .-0
,serleS,of pro-emptors' maps ofavall-
rable* lands, surveyed, which, awalt\colonization and development   by. -new
aKflcultural settlers. ,    The' maps-in
. question' are' based very largely upon
the , results' of ^the" activities; of ■ the
', corp'sof surveyors which has been'em-
'ployed In the opening-north .of British
Columbia, wfiere'the field-forces, have
largely, been concentrated of late years
* in 'consequence of'thei:assurance' of
"early facilities "of communication, for
* these areas througl£.Grarid Trunk- Pacific  and* Canadian  Northern-    Pacific
construction.    '.That mapping the districts . ,had *" necessarily -to  await .he
"completioii.of surveys" explains' Jbe
\ non-aispearance earlier, of "these.'eager-
.'ly awaited.,"documents",' ," 7 -' 7 \. '"•'
'. ; Of. the1', maps;_ nowv in 'hand, sheet
"1 deals with the localities,in Necliaco
Township, and }'. contiguous -',*, to ' the
Stuart River; Sheet 2 covering and de-
!**'linealing Uiei'locality qf, thetBlackwat-
-.""er.''"* I3otli\of these," are'/nqw'i'in tlie
'.hands of.the printers'and "shortly*to be
\ issued.*-*- <j»»eet' 3, of -the Fort- George
h ^" I-.-'
-'.It is not often-that"our theatre-going folk have the opportunity of seeing' such high-class -artists 'as - will
appear at the-Grand -Theatrre'onl-Satin day night;" July Mth. and.lt ls to
be "hoped the theatre, will* be crowded
to capacity.; . T|ie.newspapers from
adjacent .cities are high.in their praise
where '.'The S.quaw, Man"*has;been
playing to capacity houses and herewith ts reproduced a-lipping from'the
■Winnipeg Free" Press: ■
"(Poncensus.-of-'opinion at the conclusion-of? the performance given by
"The "Squaw .Man" company at the
"\Val3tev"Theati-e lastinlght was" by -far
prid away the .best seen af the "theatre
since It .was-built,"and the company is
tp be"congratulated upon haying'give'n
the most'complete satisfaction. ' "The
Squaw Man" was the title of the play;
the • story .told was powerful "and 'full
of'.human interest; tlie interpretation
given by the artists left nothing to be
desired;/. * To single out*ne artist for
special mention would be* aii': invidious
proceeding, for,the company -was well
balanced and each* one':performedc.hls
or( her-allotted task' with, true^and
histrionic' ability. Utterly; devoid of
contention br artifIce;-; sometimes .more
than a succession of profoundly-realis:
tic"scenes transferred froni life, to"the
stage.'[ The play* proved a*vital source
of-inspiration alike to actor, and producer.. Hand In hand with-the playwright goes then player,' both seeking
truth-withl'an almost sacred art;,.both
striving to-place' before the publican
unflinching lesson in sincerity, 'and an
irresistible.appeal to sympathy. Every,
detail.even*to th'o very words,;the char-,
actei's exchanged with each other sotto
voce" at the back, of he stage seemed
td be' scrupuloiiSly^considerfed, and*tlie
fmpresslon .was one.pf refreshing spontaneity,."- ;Thero ".were many" strong
situations," and "the-scene's, in -the ce-
Reason Minority Report Was Not
Published} Earlier-Carter or
"■' 7 .•_■*.     "■•."■'*/.    *  ;*'   •.,.>, >*" ■ - ' f -'-*'.• v       '
KmgiNpt to Blame
i. i. ■
'. i  "
"and Sheet 4,-"the\Stuart"Lpke section,
-Mb-well under-way.."*-..*. _    ""•'' -,'       ■
• Necesslty^fpr reprganizati^ipf the
' Tsysteni of laaid' 'surveysjand classifications lias long been recognized by the
•government.' .'--The;obviously desirable
. changes* require time 'for  their consummation necessarily^but^'a. beginning'has iaebii mado,''in tho'>'evlslbn"'of
[the'' instructions  this'"season  issued
-'to the surveyors taking' the"- field and
'in* the' 'appointment of an Inspector of
surveys, In the porson of« Mr. W.' £.
Drewry," at present engaged'on'a'first
jbfflolal tour through thb Kootenays,;1
' Hereafter surveyors employed.under
government auspices will,bo,required,
-'insofar as posslblo, to supplement thoir
* .field'notes with.reports, on forms pre-
, scribed by tlio' Douurtmont of'Agrl-
.culturo, ns to,., temperatures, rainfall,
'soil' characteristics, Umber, etc., which
information will bb*tabulated and compiled In roady roforonco form for thb
'cdnvontonco 6f lnnd seekers.
The forco of surveyors at present in-
gnged,, In. fold work for thb Provncal
taopnrtmont of Lands' numbor porno
'thirty-two pnrtlos, theso being .widely
distributed throughout tho awakening
•Northern areas* ■ nml on tho .outlying
Islands, their goneral assignment boding ns follows:   '," "J',
* P. C, Contcn, Corloz Islnnd.j
J.'H.'Ilrownloo," Cariboo Hoa'd.
''   Groon' Bros and   Burdon,   8nlmon
Rivor.   '* '*   ■
':■ Nool Humphroys, Peace Rivor.
f, Tu'ppbr. Peace River,
yi. n, Mllllenn, Peaco River.   ,
' - ' H, V. Colley, OolHU' l/»ko.
11. Fry, Niibco Rivor.
A. W, MIlllRan, Decker Lnko. ■
{i     James Urady, HastKooten'ay.
John lllrsch, Kltlmnt.
N.,(I. Townsond,- Kltlmnt.
P. C. Swnnnoll, Ncchnco nivor.
, II. II. Browno, Ruport.'
C, do n,< Grocu, Queen Chnrlotto.
A. W, Ilnrvoy, Tromblour Lako.
J. P. Tomplolon, Horsefly Lnko.
P. A. Landry, Lnc La Hachc.
A. V. Cotton, Btuart River.
'    (llllosplo nnd  Green, Grnhnm    Island, North'   '
K'dnov Wllllnms, Quesuol,
Clirlstlo and Dawson, North Fork
0. B. N. \VIIWo,< Boar River (Cariboo.)
P. Ritchie, Kl'tsumkalum.
"  R, Smith, Cnnno River,
T. H. Taylor, Ronoparto Rivor.
W. U. McKlhannoy,   Bouth    Fork
J. II. Gray, South Folk Fraser (yet
to no out.)
S, JL Johnson, Boundary.
C. H, Klliicoit, Fort Uoor/fo.
K, C. C'Toylor, 8outh Fork Fraser.
M. Vf. Uew*iH, Houth Fork Fraser.
eri. melodrnma.w I. was .an-enjoyable
and deHghtful' performance and'found
favor ;wl,th' a very,large .audience- who
witnessed it'which'a'u'ge'rs"well for the
enga'gementof tlie company."
L ' '       ' ' **-     *!' ' I' -   * *>"_._** *       .'
*•   <*?-1 ■ it ■; ■"'," ' '        —■*. i. i—•r—'t * *--- - *****
, Rev. J. P.,-Westman',*Field Secretary
After Secrctaiy.Carter had-sent in his "minority
report/actuated hy a,desire to acquaint the,members' of District 18 with it's contents'at the'earliest
opportunity through the columns of-this paper he
wired for permission to do' so,* inasmuch as the re-
,<-,!. I "... ** '        " .
port was "the property*,of the' department and it
was necessary to have consent.-from that source before reproducing. ' Below we giye- the copies, of
the, correspondence on the subject whereby our
readers'may note that the, cause, is solely, attributable to the telegraph department of the'C. _VR.-
for its non-appearance and that neither the Department of labor nor A J Carter can be charged with'
• '   Ottawa,, July-17-, 1911. .
My"Dear"'Sir, '""    ' '      * "',   .'___;;'._    S'".
'   1 have had brought to my attention some}, refer-
ehees.in,the press to the alleged,lack of attention
give ha'.telegraph, message, which -you1 sent -.me on
the 5t.ii instant, asking that you miglit.be permitted
■to make public immediately themin6rit'yV:£report
which'you proposed to me as a member of the'Board'
cond*act,*'which handled*less carefully-i-* *_. ,-.■■"- .,-."7.'-   ,-    *, -.        ,-    .A-'    <- .   i,„,-i i.„.„
*.,- :-'"   ■    * ,.-.,%•   ■ '- ■       -,     ^of CoflcihatiQuand Investigation-which had been
would-havo resulted'in* a-coarse "bur- '    *     • -    -"   - „ ° ,'-    '
inve'stjcrg'tiiig"the, differences-between the AVestcrn'
Coleihan.'' I have'thought, however, that a "copy
of-the report of the Board as well as of your own
minorityreport may be of service to yourself apart
from that formally despatched to Mr. Powell, and
I have requested, the Deputy Minister to have, a
copy forwarded by to-day ..nail. " , '
,   h    * " •     -, Yours faithfully,  ,
-' ,.   * ■ '  ^Y: L. MACKENZIE KING,  .   -
;'       , '*'■.  Minister of Labor,
A. J. Carter, Esq., Fernie, B. C. "   :
•■ -,   . Fernie, B. G. July 20, 1911.,/
"A; F. "Aeland, Deputy Minister of Labor, Ottawa,
Ont:!' : \" ■"   - ■  ;" -:" '      ,'
' Dear Sir,—Your" favor of the 13th accompanied
by copy,of report,at-hand.
J will submit the communication to thVExeeulive
Board'of" District 18 for their consideration and
doubtless you. will'hear from tliem oh the subject
in the near future!
'. '"-  -Y Yours.very .truly; *> ''•
' -v' ' {   •■*    - '•,' .    "WM.   POWELL
On Wednesday afternoon at the Methodist Parsonage,, the-Rev,, J. F. Dlm-
mick uniled Wm_ H. Clarke' and Olive
Hansen, both of Calgary, in the bonds
of matrimony. • , '
, After spending their honeymoon here
among friends of Sirs. Clarke's; tho
happy couple return to their home in
We have this week received a copy
of the Western Canada League Work-,
ers Association In which are the names
of the various labor organizations together with a number of cuts of prominent union officials which are, In
the main good, but the one labeled (or
libeled, would probably be the better
term) J. A. McKinnon, of Rossland, we
.would have mistaken for a palster cast
of-Benjamin Franklin or the death'
mask of Napoleon --Buonaparte, if the
typo'had not put the slug underneath.
" Go after them, Mac for a disfiguration of "pliysog.,
Real Estate in Fernie is
Good Investment—A
4 X If
Good Price Paid,
.- The Fernie Band will not play, next
Sunday owing to the sickness of several members, but it is expected "that
they will turn' out Thursday following.
That Kernle is-quiet both In bu'sl-'
ness'and"police circles nono will deny,1
this dormant state ot things is found
throughout, thc entire coal'mininfS region, because of inactivity, but that'
this.is only transitory and will Hot
materiallylaffect the future we.Wost
emphatically assert.      That son.-3 ot
the blue ruin croakers may,be sc^Pti-  '
cal  and .with an  'Tm-from-Mlss-MrP
air   ask for proof, will state that tho
unbounded stores of )vealth contained'
in    ihe  (-hills  throughout  south-cast ,
Kootenay >and Southern Alberta must
be exploited    in    their , development...
and expansion   re.sulfc   whereby  exist-' *
ing owns will increase    their.* populations and i\ew ones spring into being.  *
As an evidence that this opinion is
shared by those who are willing to *'
back up their judgment in cold cash."
Mr. B. C. Lyons this week mad**-* tiie.
sale bf lho Todd Block situate on Victoria Ave. to the well-known .lrW of
Dobson and Willingham for a .0-nsid-.
eratlon approximating $17,000. ,   7- "
Bellevue, July lSth, 1911
Total receipts-to date y..   $5,398,13
'„• Expenditure,:...   .'...:    2.7SS.S5
„- Balance* .'...    ,2,609.28
.    ,J      JAMES'burke   ;
' -' ' "       ,'? "   '" Secretary
for Sunday School and Young People's
.Societies'of the •Methodist Church In
Alta., and B. C, w,lll preach in the Methodist Church- next Sunday morning
'at-ll o'clock, and at 2.30'p.m.' ho will
nddress tho Sunday School.',, ,. :"■"
Church of England Give
Youngsters Annual
Good Outing
■ On Wodnotiday lho Sundny School
picnic mid sports of Christ Church
(Anglican) woro hold lu tho Kornio
City Pnrlc.und was moat thoroughly enjoyed by oil 'participants, not n slnglo
accident to mnr tho ontlro proceedings
savo of courso lho slaughter of a vory
fow mosquitoes. Gront Intorost waB
tnkon In tho various*contests but tho
imlm for excitement must most as-
Hitiodly bo Klvi-n tu tho Murrlod Lad los'
Rnco In which flvo Indies engaged,
but Mrs. 11'oldornlou fought'hotly for
flrat plnco, cloHoly followed hy Mrs.
Tho miccoHHful oiios tn tho othor foaturo*. woro at follown:      r
Tonchor. Rnco—1, MIbb Wnllon; 2,
MIhh I lock; 3, Minn A. Walton,'
Murrlod Ladloa' llnce—Mrn. Boldest on; 2, Mm. MoftdowB.
JloyH' Raco.—1, 8. Mold: 2, A. I.nno;
II. 10. Roc-...
Smnll IloyB' Rnco,—1, Tom Down*
bury; 2, II. Wallace;II, Lock and A.
Anion tied for third.
Small IloyH' Rnco II.—1, 13. Uin-*-*; 2,
1.. Qui**,!!; 3, J, Reynolds.
Long Jump—1. B. Mold; 2, A, Luno;
Goal'.Operators-and their., employees." '„I;fin"S, by
■'reference-"to the'Department files4that""the.precise
facts wore' as'follows,* aiid".shall,-.be innclVJ.obliged .
if-you will give them due publicity-?- *   *      •_
*,«.iS'au{.;,message..was.received, jii■ 'Ottawa*_i\.it*.'
evening of tlie 5th instant,*as follows:*.'
' "Bauff>'Alta,.t,5th-6.     ' '
,. i    ]      '    Via Ottawa,'Oulp Clh July
"Hon. Mackenzie King, Ottawa. ,*."'-■, .  .'
"Would ask you the privilege* of disclosing my:
report without waiting for return ,of same from
Department.     Kindly- reply Banff!.''-
"'*.,,.'■ ""A. J.'CARTER."
By my direction the following reply was nn July
6th, within a few hours of the receipt of your message, addressed you at Banff as, requested: * *'
■'.'■'' '.^Ottawa; July Otli, lfril.
"A, J. Cnrter, Esij.. Banff, Alta.—
. "Referring your letter of fifth to MinsU-r respecting publication of report, 1 am to'request, you
willkindly proceed as may-appear most expedient
to you.
" "I<\ A. ACLANP,
Deputy Winkl-or of Imlior.",
On the 7th instant the Depavtnicnt was notified
by tho ('nni'diiin Pacific Telegraph"Company that
themesKiigo addressed you at Banff on the preceding dny wns*undelivered, you having loft Banff.
The Depart ment thereupon requested the Telegraph
.Company to"forward tho messnge to you nt l'Vrnie,
your home, where it waa suggested io the company
you eould be found or your whereabouts ascertained.
Oti the .121.1 instant a tm*si_iige was received from
you ns follows: *
''lion. W. L, Mni*lion;*io King, Minifltor of Labor,
"On fifth hint nnt .wired you from Banff nuking
your permission 1o publish my report to whicli T
lmvo not hnd a reply. Again T. will kindly nsk
privilege ns tho men in the difctri.it aro most an-
,,To thin tho following reply wns sent hy my in-
"Night Lettergram; * Ottawa,
, July 13, 1011.
"A. .1 Carter, Ksq., Fornie, 1 _ O.
"Your" meHHiigu io Minister of Ln£,or of twelfth
iiiHltmt hnH heen received, and iu reply 1 uiu to
ftfuto vnrir triMsnm* of fifth  in«tnnt from  Bnnff
.',    D,ED *.   *   '_ -
„ On'Monday,, 17th, at her homo in
West Fernio,.Mrs. Mary Andrews, in
All fnnmhern nt Elk* RfMr A. IP. an.
A, M. and lojournlnx crsfUmen ar«
fohllally Jnvlt'.'l to rtsactnblc at Ma*
•onto Hall, Hendcrion Black, Victoria
Av-cnu* at 7 o'clock Snttday ivMlag.
July Urd tor ilia purpo** of attandlnx
AUtoe *en\ce at Chriit Charc> (An
frlkan), ' 'CK, <ts_ above j*.ft*ft« Witt
dn* nr*)ffi*x» on if wor*rn ymrr*r>lf at*-
3. W  lleeen,
FIlRh Jump—1, A. Lano; 2, S. Mold: | war pvomn-llv flmuorod, Ml-nlator'a' tutthority   to
:i, K. Hoocfr.
Girls* Itaco—I, K. Dew»bury; 2, M.
Anton; 3, P. Chl|>perfle!il.
Small OlrJa' Ilaca—I, AV. Urnckloy;
B, A. Anton; 8, U Hullcn.
Tot. Itnoo—3, W. l-imo; U, K. Moa*
dowi; a, J. Mercer,    i
Tur of War—K. Ileoco's Toiim (A.
Lano, O, Quail, W. IloirR», H, Jonoa)
After tha attribution of prltaa the
lnn«r man Clfkowfa. tho Inn'sr womdn}
waa wall attended to and tha entlpo
asiictubly were trouycil and a picture
taken by tha Ran W. M. Walton.
Infldtnlally nay mention that tb*
baanty of tha park wut -quit, fr-wjuent-
ty «>mni#Bt_l upon nnd should betoeno
a fawHa w-kmI for r«?*!1*# ttfcM.
th* vnrtomt needed Improvement*
hare been co*ni*ammat«l,
publiflh roport if you so desired heing given. T"l*>
graph -comjtnny \va% r_ju-?*t«?d to aMiirp delivery
nt Fornie if poKuible.
"A. V. AOTiANI),
Deputy Minister of Lalior."
I think you will agree that your original message
of tho 5th imtant lind heen given proper attention,
and that tho Department had taken sonic pnius
to ascertain whero yon cotild he located. In the
meantime a certified copy o! the report of lite.
Board "ami tht* minority report made by you rae. f
aa & mmxhtr of ihe Board ha* htcn forwarded in
tho emtomary manner io the partica reapwtiwly
■concerned, that intended for the information ot
the employee* havintf been «ent under reglatcrM
letter to Mr. W. IV I»owell. Pmiiil«nt of District
No. 18 of the United Mine Wi>rk«n of America at
7 A   regular.-'quarterly meeting   of*, the District
Executive-Board, was held in'the Miuers' Hall, on
-     > '* X   r ' •»
Friday^'July .21 h which, were present President
AV.'.B. Powell, Vice-President Clem _Stubbs, ,Scc-
,Treas.!;.A.'J.\CJartier, ,13ogtrd SIcmbers J. .0.'* Jones,
Hillcresti J. E; Smith, Coal,Creek; TV. Lees. Bank-
head ; D. McNab, Lethbridge; International Board
Members M.'Purcell, C. Garner.'* .,
' After the usual routine had been gone,through
-various matters'of importance were discussed,, cbe
principal one'being the importance of "porrccting
the false impressions*that had b'een scattered broadcast through lhe press arid more recently sailed io
lyive been voice'd by the ^linisler, of Labor, ns to
the mniii. point at issue .being the "closed" or
'•'open" shop."" Finally the District Executive
druftcd the following message:
"Fernip, B.C., July 21.1911
"Hon. W.'-l'j. Mackenzie King. Minister of Lalior,
Ottawa: " .
"Newspapers have reported you as slating to tho
'Houso tluK. tho cause of dispute here is thc qiu-s*
lion of 'dosed' or 'ppon' shop; and that selllcmeiit
of this point would praulically .settle tho -itrike.
Your stiilemcnt is no doubt founded on the report,
of Dr; Gordon, which is entirely misleading and
untrue. This matter was only referred to -eiisii-
ally hy lho hoard during the investigation, but
would appear to have been made flio means of ano-
Jlogising for failure to sottlo the real cause of dispute, i. o,, the question of wages. "We have offered
at all times to renew old conditions in the matter
of closed or open shop providing the wage t|tics<ion
can ho Mottled..
Signed, on behalf of lhe. Executive Bonrd.
AV. IJ. POWKhL, President.
A. .1. OARTBH. See..', rwia.   ■
Copies of this telegram were likewise sent 1o Ihe
following members of purliaiw'nt:
A. H, Ooodovo, member for East K'ootcnuy.
J, IIoiTon, menihor for Maeleodi
(J. A. Magnttii, member I'or Medicine Hat.
M-. H, MeCiivthy. mmnbyr for Cnlgary,
-.MphoiiKc Vurvilh', member for Muisoiietive.
Tt wiin nlso deeided to hnvo representatives at-
tend lho Dominion Trado sand Lalior Congress to
be held in Calgary, Septe. jibcr 11,
♦'Pernio, B.C.. July 20th, 1011.
"Willinm Powell, Esq.; I ..Hidciit, Diulrifit No. Ifi',
U.M.W. of A.:
Diuir Mir.—The Assoeinfed Bnnrdt* of Trndo for
the Boundary nnd Kootonay lliHtrielH nnd Roulhern
portion nf Albortn nre holding n meeting in Maeleod oii Monday next, the 24th inst.. at 2IV) p.m.,
for the purpose of discus-ring the strike situation
and wlml Meps Nhould he tnkon toward--* a 'Jtpooriv
resumption of operations iu the different miu-v*
At n meeting of tho Kxccuilvo Committee of tlio
Fornie Hoard of Trade, nctins on behalf of the As-
Rociatcd Board* of Trade of ahov« Districts, I have
been instructed t«> notify you vi such meeting .nml
to invite yonr representative to be present.
I nm,
Tours truly,
1 Seeretary Fernie Board of Trade
•Tfie invitation was accepted, and it was agreed
(hat they should hi*, represented.
Iiei~67tlT"yeaf. *  7 i~"~,        ~y~
The deceased, lady was a/native' of
England and • one -.o£ the first white
SI'ows How It Works Against M'-^ers
'7     , ,n Anthracite Regions
[ By M. A. Nash- * ; '"'-.'
Of late the" representatives bf ■ lhe7'■*]
anthracite interests. are speakijiS in , '
high praise of ,the award of- the An- -\ •
turauito* GdHl***StTik*__*_Coin'nii'£Ei«ju <mu *;._?"
in most favorable terms of"the ""-Vork '■'
of the Conciliation Board; statin*?' that-..,
women residents of Pernie., She came, nearly aU.grievances at'the mines aro
hore lii'ISOS and was'then Mrs. Hen-
nessy; was later widowed and married
a* Mr. Wales, whojilcewise died, subsequently she liecume Mrs. Andrews. _
.Services, which were largely, attended, by many, of the old residents acquainted with the lady, were held on
Tuesday at her. residence, Rev. J. F.
nimmiek officiating.
Fernie's Assessment is
Two and a Half
'Ihe bonrd coiikIhIIiis; of Mnyor Wens-
ell, Altlcrmon Crnlium, Mclntyre, Wai
lard and HohbitHon held two hqhbIoui*.
lor the purpoiio of hearing coiripliilutH
lof-m-flint! iho n*-,i:oNSiiient i.poirlioldci'S
Lt city property; thero wore*ovor -10
Tli't flrHt ntfJit (WeilnoHilny) kuiiiII
ic'dnctloni. were mndo to private property IiolilorM wIioho n»HOH»nicnt« were
not iiecordltiR to whnt thov coiiHlilor-
ti,] catiltnlile.
" Tluirmlny'H proceed In-.i*. wero ilcnllng
willi tlio larger holdorn.
Hottlemoiit wno inmlo with tl.o V, P.
U. on tho ban Ib or f 8,000 n mile nil
IriicldiKu ror main lino nnd fl.UiO for
Rlilo trnck.
Tlio vnluntlnn ou lho right v.f wnj*
wiih fixed nt $100,
.. Tlio liiT-it Xoitlimn into, wiih rived
settled by the board and that oflly on
rare occasions was it necessary to ap- ■*.'
pea] to au'umpire,'    *"*
In support'of this  statement* they ■
refer to the decrooRp ln.i.h-3 ni"nb.r
of grievances0 brought   before   said)
board during the past three yeo*'s, nn
if It had created a feeling* of cordiality .between   employer and employee.
Pnr from It.    They are trying to bring ,
grist to their'own mill, nncl no doubt
they will "encourage a,roncwal of the ,
present agreement next April.    "   .
■ Foolish, would  it bo.for* tliei*n'*not
to, as a renewal would mean a small
minority of mine werfterfl (union 'Hen) >
gunrnntcelng pence to their employer*-)
and git Ing , them (ho'privilege of re--,
diielng oui* wages, ns thoy have doiio'
in,(lie pnsl,tby bringing our worK into
competition   wltli  the  work  of  hov.-
union men,
Why Grievances Have "DecresWd."
The renson for tho decrease l« the
number of grievances brought io tlio ■
adoption of tho bonrd is not bc^mifio
(hoy do not e?;lrit, or that we have fra-
tei'iilzed.   It In owing to tho awrU"-l be- |
Ingi Impracticable, which In nol lo bo
ospeeleil, as uot one of the Conl Btrlko
CoinmlKHiou  ever worked In n* coal
mine, and while thoy may havo been
HClunted by honest tnotlvuit, It. nhould
ho evident    to    the dullest Intellect
Hint thoy*woro liionpnhlo of justly determining the qtieBtloiiH before"UiPin.
Tli'fl lniiiraclU-nble * _riiji. .*itlPn crent eil   whnt  Ih   Itnown   by  tlmt  high*'
Bounding  thntmh  mli-loitdlng  term,  a
CoiK'lllntlnn Hoard. Tliroiigh it^ limit-
iiohh ll Iiiih proven lo bo a Hcn'i Hon
npplo to our orRnnl/ntlon,     It Ih tho
limtriininnl   thru   lum   Kiranglod   our
movement  und diimpoiied  the Ardor
of Uioho who nro Htlll in nur rtii-ltK.
How Grievances Are Dlapoied Of
For liiHlnn-'o,   grlovunto   Nr;.    18?
commenced jw-on-bor   I,   190f»,   now
In llio IimikIh of nn timplro: id olnht
men directly IntoroHted flvo nr*9 now
worMng ror nnotlior firm,   Otl^vnneo
nt $7.00 ii milo ror the mnln line mnl | No. 1!'2 wim brought before Ihe board
fil.OOO for »lilo IrnrkH.  The illfferoiiie '»  •"">«   H'l".  not   yet   «ott|ct|.    ng-
or $1,000 li milo lt> nerouniul for by
thu fuel thut iho tiled i» of llchtur
welRht nud cauneqiiently Ich» viiliie
ll.ur. that of the C. ]\ It.
grieved working for another rom*
puny; (Dno grlevnnce No. Ifi". report*
ed Kepi ember I, lli|0, not cottlod
lli.'H-' conct'i'iiod not t,mp|oy*i.,il 'U  *'•"*
Crown NomI Piih« bnlillnvH ouml.i.»tffJtilaiit rompnny, nml rognrdlomor
llio eity llmltH bur within tho hcIiouI | *'»»*»» »H .'onltlon the bonrd may make
diHtrlt-i wero OMUinuli'd on a busiH of ut' ■'''»•» l-**1"-' Dm v.oi(v un .w.t.vii (iivho
l.'.Ot) an ams.
Apjiro.vlointi.1)* the totnl '.pjirnii-c*
incut wuh ou a Valuutlon or two and a
half mlllloiiH or an i-'Ci-.-atu. of nlmtit
>.!|iii,iiiiii over its jirerteeeHHor,
\V. Coutliro, well known along the
Pnm., wltb beadqunrter* In Hlllcrost,
•a'an a vlilror fn to'i'ti thlii week after
bin trip to hli old fiome In tbe Kant,
when be vLirtcJ Tuiouio, Muut-
ronl, (l<__iton, .Man*), and other I'. 8.
(It lot,
H« look* In flMf rind* phynlc-il eon*
dltlon end te\mrt* having thoroiiRhly
<Tjo>-M lilmhf.t Irtit  KDft-4  that  -k*ri-*l
(•hrtntj**"* Firti . fift"n plnee Btnc<_ bin
<lepartur« 15 yeart ngo. ''
men dielml to be rtiisutiucd la e).letleft Ily flnWhocl.
ir the board <*mii.lnted of hU ii^ctlc*
nl conl nilnerH tlioy could go <o the
Men. ni Huui'io imil ai-wiorfiiv ltm
tlio adjustment nf dlnpute*. If thla
word dono tlio board would bnvo
ttioimnnd» or grlevnncoii to remedy.
An It In now tbo board's rom-*'.y Is
worm** thnn tbo dlneaio.
tin tntimUy. July Urxi, «t tbo fr««n>n|f
iiervlce 7.30 p.m-, Wk Wv«r Wte A.
P. and A. M. will ««*pn. In * *l«w.y
wben Hpeclal muitc will be ret-dorwl
wid n'nermon appropriate to lb" occa-
*.lon delivered by th* lie v. *vV*Uon.
ilublvcl. "TW U>h.U>U.ui oi Xbt*
■__■ ■TE"
i_-_-J"" •t_*,;*"\r- _
■fMtflTT fll'ltHrfr <
.^: _-*■*-'-£*.'.*_-■-•.•
- --"V _?*!'./_:. i _
rC--**^ "■*-■'
^rp-i'-.>   •*•,*..
. <■--.
I -,
v  *
* . OTTAWA, July 14—The following is
the complete report' of the majority of
the Conciliation - Board dealing" with
the trouble between the operators and
1 coal miners in Alberta and B. C:
In the matter of the Industrial Disputes^ Investigation Act and in the
matter of the differences between.the
Western   Coal   Operators' Association
- and. District   No.   18." United > Mine
" Workers of America, your board respectfully, presents thc following report:
- Historical Sketch ,.
During the years 1909 and 1910
Tho Western Coal .Operators" Association  and  District    No.    18,    United
' Mine .Workers of America had been
conducting operations under an ngree-
■. ment which terminated March 31st,
1911 Under the terms of this agreement, a conference was held at .Calgary, Alberta, thirty days prior to
the date of expiration of this agreement, to negotiate a new agreement.
The conference proved' fruitless, the
agreement lapsed on March 31st, 1911,
and immediately the miners throughout practically the whole district
covered by the eighteen mines, ceased
work. The Department bf Labor Mm-
.mediately offered a conciliation board;
the parties finally accepted. The board
was constituted,with A. J. Carter,.of
Fernie, representing the United Mine
Workers of America;* and Mr.' > Colin
Maeleod, of Maeleod, Alta,, represent-
~ ing the Western Coal Operators' Association, and Rev.' C. W. Gordon, of
, Winnipeg, as chairman.
■**f The- board convened at Lethbridge,
on April 26th, continued in session until May 12, and adjourned; reconvened
at Coleman on. June 8, and finally adjourned in Banff on July 9th, 1911.
The board regrets its inability to
present an unanimous report. A. J.
Carter being unable to accept the
proposed wage.scale, will present a
minority report.'.. The board further
deeply regrets  that the utmost' dili-
" gence and care in the securing and
weighing of evidence secured during
,the investigation and after the most
strenuous and prolonged, efforts to
harmonize the opinions and attitudes
of the parties, that It'is forced to re-
port a, failure in this respect, in that
the parties and on its own motion
the board faithfully and fearlessly investigated. No ' information was refused by either party, no enquiry buri-
ed.     When it is remembered that in
the Western Coal Operators' Association there are eighteen mines represented working lignite, bituminous
and anthracite fields, differing in
methods of working T.nd character of
seams, with a capital of forty million
C?4G,000,..00) dollara, and in the United Mine "\Vorkcrs of America there
are 18 locals, each with its own set"
.of claims and'grievances and all united in common clnims, It- will not bo
difficult to understand why the board
found it necessary to extend the tlmo
of its labors to such a length.
Throughout this investigation the
board has set Itself to discover the
causes of this , perennial strife between tho parties to this dispute, feel-
ing that there niust^ be somo deep-
rooted reason for divergence of opinion simply that is explicable and
yields to reasonable negotiations, but
for the spirit of hostility approaching
to bitterness, and of distrust That
clouds their every relation.
' Many grievances of the miners
were reported arising from conditions
of work, interpretation of agreement,
discriminations, etc., due in some,cases
to misunderstanding, in some to petty
tyranny of subordinate ■ officials, in
some to mismanagement of mines and
in some again to unwise interference
the districts in the U.S.A.,whore the
U.M.W. "of A. are "iri existence, is re-
cognized-In the._statutes.of'Alberta and
has been.in' operation in 'all the mines
represented in the Western C. .0. Association.'  Why then should tne ■"check
off"   clause   become ■ the   bete   noir
of every conference?    Simply because
in, the "check off" is Involved theques
tion of the "open" or "closed" sho_. as
also tho development, not the existence of the union,   A certain variety,
of "check off" clause the operators will
accept,   though   grudgingly,, perhaps,
but a particular form of "check off"
the operators rcsqlutely refuse and the
union  as resolutely demands.     And
why?   Because in this particular form
of check off clause both the union vand
tho  operators believe they see the closing of the door.   At every conference
both parties sit with their eyes upon
the door.'    Let It move ever so littlo
open. or shut, and the guns are out.
And this in the face of the extraordinary   fact   that   the   union   frankly
and ' fully  concede the "open shop,"
and the no less extraordinary fact that
the operators frankly and fully concede, to the union the right to exist
and develop Itself among their employees.     Thus the .union professing the
policy of their open door gently proceed to close it a little and are surprised and grieved to find behind that
door the whole body of tlie operators
shoving for dear life.  ' Meanwhile the
third party, the people of Canada, gaze
railway'influence; th§.'."board* was- unable . to • discover: that-such -influence
was" used to"-depress;^ie ;C0st,.prices
qf.coal or to iucreaso.tW cost of production.* There'are instances where* a
railway company, secures the lowest
rate on coal, butthlsiaipb© accounted for by -the commoiu business' -custom of giving a better^rate, where the
whole output is purchased and where
the-security is • absolute,-*, . The. board
is. of the opinion. that, most of * the
'c-ii'- mines in this, district cannot
without loss increase'the cost of pro;
duction. It is obvious that,this fact
has a1. profound influence upon the
question of "wages,' but it! is equally
obvious that* in'certain cases this iri-
r     I
fluence .must, be- steadily.*resisted;
When the question for instance* is1 one
of living .wage, ^the ability of a" mine
to pay must be disregarded from the
simple consideration that while it cannot be shown to be an absolute necessity that a particular'mine-should be
worked, it is clearly evident that the
wages a man receives must be such
as to support himself and his family
in decency and comfort --. o '' ,
In coming to a finding upon- the
wage scalo the board was goverened
by certain well defined principles;
1. A living wage is a necessity.
2. In mines operating under the
samo association and within the jurisdiction of the same labor-union, uniformity should prevail.
3. In the same mining camp equalization of wages should be sought.* -
. 4. After passing the limit of the
living wago the financial standing "of
the company should be-considered.
In the application * of these' principles to the*day wage"scale the board
found little difficulty. *,,The rates for
both inside' and outside day, men
were obviously too,-low. The board
therefore 'suggests the advance mentioned iri the schedule * below.*     '
Beware 6f i
Sold -oii„the
Merits of
Liniment •
45 Steam-Heated Roomi -
,S. .,,■•„■• •-; 7*•'77- .v .*,•'
Hot and,Cold Baths
7'-. ,\ *' v ".*■.-.  . i*-^Tf>: ;• V •--..*;-'"'   JJ--', •*.
Fernie's ; Leading  Commercial^Hotel.
*- -_,. „-   *     1    . *W i _■«     *     . _,__    _.       --   -
, , **■' 4
'-:, :\
.--' le
-    -- ■., . *■*_■■ •    ■ ■ '*-, ,-     _'     7 '
•The Finest' Hotel In* East. Kootenay -
*,.-..' j?\-■■"*_-. ;.- '
J. L..\GATE8, Prop.
i    '.J   *_ A'   -*.s3J',*?■:;,"*■**
August 6-11.
Capital  Paid Up:.
""_'. R.
,$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed .... $51575,000
..$5,575,000,'' 7Reserve Fund ... 7.35,575,00*91.
neither" of the parties is prepared to
accept the finding of the board.*   It is
.however, tho conviction of the board,
that after' due consideration   of   the
"equity of the decision  ,and    of   the
effect of this',' the parties will come
to an agreement upon* the basis sug-
,- gested.
The    problems ' confronting     the
board  lu  dealing  with  this  dispute
were so Intricate and varied and the
issues involved so vast and far reaching, that the time consumed was far
beyond the expectation pf any of the
members.     But having entered upon
the-task it watt felt that anything but
the most thorough and exhaustive In-
1 veBtlgation would satisfy neither the
*• board itself nor the department nor
the .country at large.     In conducting
the' work the board placed itself entirely at the disposal of'the parties in
seeking to possess Itsolf of the fullest
data upon every point.     Every thine
'was visited, evory wltnoBS called, overy grievance   probed as each party
dcslrod.      Sworn'  documents   taken
from the company's books were presented, payrolls! were examined, mlno
officials and union officials woro put
on lho ntand, sanitation wob inspected,<• tho cost of living and the .cost of
coal production, tonnage output or the
mines, and selling prices of coul und
of union officials.   At'this point the and suffer.     If the shop is open, why
board ventures the opinion ,thdt a
stupid or unsympathetic pit boss or
foreman may work great injury to a
mine and should be removed, and a
meddlesome secretary of a local union
can with the greatest ease keep a
camp in a state of turmoil. His local
should deal -.with; him. We venture the further opinion that in the
best managed mines there were fewer
causes of complaint. These grievances, while individually of comparative' insignificance, cumulatively, furnish a mass of Inflammable material
for strike conflagrations. They ought
to be dealt with promptly ind settled
without delay.  * - - -
But these grievances while ;.hey account for local ■ Irritation, do not explain the phenomena of recurring
strikes';'perslstent antagonism and sas-
plcion, Impossibility of mutual coutes-
sions, etc., tliat have marked the relations between the parties during the
past year. " What ls the cause?
Grievances, annoying as they may be,
never appear at the meetings ot the
stale committee where agreements are
discussed. Differences of opinion on
a wage question is Inevitable, but yield
to negotiation by; reasonable 'men.
What is the cause of this deplorable
feeling? The effects" are serious
enough to concern thoughtful men all
over the country. The situn'-.to.i has
become intolerable. The question is
not solely for the parties primarily concerned, and their interests, vast though
tlioy may ho, but for that third party
with their Immensely greater Interests
who, unable to ■ protect themselves
from loss and suffering, arc wholly at
the mercy of those who let loose at
this biennial flood, misery nnd strife.
Why is this? A study of tho Calgary conference sets forth one chief
cause In clonr light, For thirty days
the parties sat In conforenco so called,
unable to achieve a single Item in advance. Whnt blocked the wny? Tho
general provisions, especially tbo
"check-off," What is this "chock-off"?
It Is a plan, by which the companies
agree to colloct tho union duos, ubsofis*
ments, flnoa, etc, from the oniployooo
markets, relation of coal companion affected. Tills plan, which'seems to
to railway companies; thoso niul all * bo poc.illar to the coal mining IndUB*
cognate matters at tho Instigation of try, 1ms found placo In practically oil
bother with the door?' A little more
sincerity on the part of both parties
would eradicate^vhat, In the opinion of
the board, is deep rooted cause of this
continuous strife and would effectually
remove the inability of the parties to
rationally-'negotiate an agreement.
Settle the "open shop", question, and
that of the right'-of the union to" exist and to exercise its proper functions, and there will be little difficulty
in.finding clear and adequate words
with-' which to frame an acceptable
"check off" clause with those clauses
germain to this, viz.: those dealing
with mine management, union jurisdiction, discrimination, etc.
The board therefore suggests that
both parties frankly come out'" into
the open in regard to the principle
of- the "open shop' and in regard to
1he7rIgh~r"ofIlie'_ union, to .exist-an_
exercise Its functions,, and then there
will'be no difficulty" in drafting ^the
clauses named above. The operators
must remember that a mine is not a
hole In the 'ground -With coal in it*,-
but is an industry producing coal for
the market in 'co-operation with la-,
bor, and the miners must remember
that there are no coal mines. unless
the mines are In operation.'
On this question of wages, the
board' discovered wide divergence of
opinion, but as the investigation pro-
ceded certain' striking features emerged upon the field of enquiry and
prominent amongst these are abnormally low day wago scale and an abnormally high wage for men engaged
ln pillar coal. Then too, there was
brought out Into clear prominence
tho startling fact thnt out of the IS
companies, only four'have'paid any
dividends, and thoso four only inter-
termlttontly, while during the last two
years probably two • thirds of the
mlnos havo been oporntod at a Jobs.
The board came across tho Impression, not only'among the miners but
nlfto In the community gonorally, that
this wns due In some cases to mis*
management and In others to collision with railway companion, It Is
trno thoro uro instancoB of loss duo
to mismanagement and to unhappy
experiment, but this is only truo to
n comparatively slight oxtent.   As to
In approaching -the - contract .rates
the board experienced more difficulty.
Here a great variety w'as discovered
in the wages paid for the same class
of work, for'instance, the- average
wage for contract miners steadily employed in thet'-Albert'a Railway and
Irrigation Company's mines stands on'
$3.54 per day,, this "being the lowest
average in the district. This low
rate is partially; accounted for by the
fact that the character of the mining
in the mines seems to- demand less
highly skilled labor. In other mines
general average on all .contract' min*
ers for a year,showed such variation
as to Indicate In the ''figures' $3.98,
$4.62, $5.61, and $6.00 per day, This
variation is to.be accounted;for partly by a difference in the'contract rates
in different mines and'largely, by-the
character of the seam and,_,the method
of working. ' The boardffelt little difficulty in deciding _ thati. an - average
over a mine1 for "contract miners of
$3.84 per day .was tod lijw, and hence
the suggestion that ,the rate's prevailing In the Alberta Rall*.a*y '8b"Irrlga*tIori
Company's mines should be advanced
3 per cent. t A higher advance might
have been suggested In the„day wage
which In this particular mine would
affect a very, considerable, proportion
of the "pay" roll. l ■' *",    J.
In considering the earnings of con*
tract miners' in the same mine, the
board made anothei striking discovery, namely, that the miners engaged
ln pillars earned wages far- In excess
of those earned fn other kinds of work,
The following table of average not
dally earnings win Illustrate these differences:
Average Net Dally Earnings Per Day
Per Man for the Year 1910
West Canadian CotTFerles, Ltd., Bellevue Mine
Breasts (upon pitch)....$4.89 per day
Drenst8,(acroBs pitch) .. 4.74 por day
Pillars  .' 8,80 per day
Development 4.09 per day
Total contract ,5.40.por day
Blairmore Mine
RoomB ..$5.22 por day
Pillars  ,12.81 por day
SayA.w Man
Scone* Irom 'The Bqtmw Man1 at tbe (innd 'iheMre, Battirdny, 29th July, 1911.
Development \  8.95 per,day
x Total contract ...... 6.00 per day
Breasts ,. $3.33 pe. day
Pillars .. .' 5,04 per day
Development .,,.. ...... 6.24 "per day
Total  contract"*. ;.4162 per1 day
International Coal and Coke Co. Ltd.,
i -- ,     ,<
Coleman Mine, No. 2 Seam    ,
Rooms .. .- '...'$4.44 per day
Pillars  .. ■ .'..'..- 6.56 per day
Entry* ..   .". " 4.93 per day
^Total contract '.."■'...... 5.38 per day
. No." 4 Seam        _, *
Rooms  >, "..' $5.76 per,day.
Pillars   7.....   .. _ ,6.66 per day
Entry.,...' '.._.. ....',4.98"per day
Total contract...... .*. 6.16. per day
, Total both seams .... 5.61 per "day
Bankhead Mines Ltd., Bankhead' Mine
"■_ ' *     *       -^
Gangways .. .\ _.!.'. _. .$7.01 per' day
Counte'rs 5.31 per day
Chutes! \7. 4.37*per day
Rreasts .'.J.'....  4.36 per day
Cross cuts .. .*. '....'' ' 4.30 per day
Pillars  ....   y.'.r....... 7.37 per day
Average earnings   ... 5.20 per day
*- ,-       -„
(The price-in-each case is net)
In support of a ■ claim for these
high averages,, two facts'must be remembered; first, that this pillar work
is recognized ""as more dangerous, and
as therefore demanding more highly
skilled'mien',-;and second, that it'ap**-
pears to. be, an established rule,
though^, perhaps' not. invariable, that
men who-carry up ^the, rooms have
their,turn "at.the pillars. But even
with'..these facts in", mind, the," board
C/i i-t Iri «rtt_____lM*»___ri_ar __I **_ cu_1- \t\ -iiiaf f-fv a
UUIU**— UVV •_ » *<-*0 **__.w^**». w jlivnij-r^*»
condition '-"of thing's that resulted , in
such, ^remarkable/ discrepancies• 'between men'engaged,in "the,same .mine.
These discrepancies stand out more
strikingly _}wheii the. Individual ..earning are considered. , In one mine
whose '. general, dally, average net
wage for the whole mine vfs'. $5.61 per
day iii one instance individual net
dally ran up to $10.13 per day for the
year, 'aind .in the same mine twenty
men show dally average net earnings
of $6.72, to $10.31,'the lowest dally average In the same mine being $4.01
pei*. day. In another mine where the
average net dally earnings, from, con;
tract nieni for the, year are'$6_00' per
day, the Individual'earnings of men
steadily omployed show a variation bf
from $3 to $17, $19 and oven $20* per
day, ■ Indeed, .the records show a
minor earning for four ■ days a dally
average of $44,72, In this same mlno-
58 men received for the year 1910 net
earnings of over*$1,000 each. These
figures found In documents only attested as being extracted .from the
companies' pay rolls improflse. th-****
board not »o much with the faot thai
unduly high wages woro being paid,
but that rules that pormlt, such1 extra
ordinary variations ln earnings in the
Bame mino demand readjustment, The
board theroforo suggests that Uie rate
for pillar work bo reduced, Hence
tho differential mentioned ln tho* scho*
dulo below of flvo conta to soven cents
ns may De donlded,
A strong plea was mado for* a general advanco In contract rutos throughout tho district, but with the exception of Lillo mlno, wlioro readjustment
will moan advance, the board could not
hco Its way lo yield to tho demand
for a gsnoral Increase of the contract
rntoR, In. tho faco of tho high averages pvovnlllng throughout tlio district, with tho exceptions noted.
Tho board might lmvo conslderod an
ndvnnco in the cuso of Mlchol with n
lully avorago ot |.i.OO for nil contract
nlners nnd of I*'ornio with a dally nv-
fingaof $.1,08 for tho yoar 1010, though
lIioho rnU-fi cun hardly bo claimed nn
iioloir living wages,' woro It not for tho
iKH'iilliii'ly trying conditions ot tho
compnny, and for tho strong declaration of tho manngor thnt by the Introduction of now methods bo exports to
bo ablo to Inoronso tho earnings ot thu
,ni.-{  fi*n*m  in*\  1«"f rn-nt
■ i ,, 'i ,
The fTMirrni reruii m* iho ncrr-jit-
nnro of the schedule of wngoH bolow
would bo nn Jncreaso In day wngon
amounting to nbout $280,000 nnd n roductlon by pillar differential ot $40,180
.   ***    ftmiiw    *.t'/.*»    tli _n    *■_!»**•_ Int      ft    ti f,i    ti.
crcflso In Die companlM.' pay roll of
$233,820. Ilut though thlt may appear
a somowhnt honvy Incrcnso tlio board
feels that tho wngos" will bo moro
equitably distributed than formerly,
tho lowoM pnld men bolng Incroaied
nnd tbo highest paid reduced,
Tht* -mihltnUmi nf th« vnrloiiH mining campi cnmo under tbo general
careful Investigation of tho bonrd. In
a number of camps sanitation baa received careful consideration ot tho
romp»nle», but In r*rt_ard to the tant-
fury conditions In othor* the chairman
W ILK IE, President
■■■,•■■-    yyy; *. branches "in British Columbia1.* '       . y„
Arrowhead,'Cranbrook. Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
--<-   Revelstoke, Vancouver and'Victoria. ,-x<
Ihterest allowed on 'deposits at current' rate from date of deposit. .*
"FERNIE BRANCH "'     ,     '     '    GEO. I. B.'BELL, Manager
-7.- PINING AND CRYING v   ,   -
(,*-<*..- . >        *"
are inseparably twins., x Wherever '
you'find the one you're sure to find ■,
the other.* >     "'7 „   , y :■
' ''    "' t'.   -...'-  ' y-   *
Good pine boards, ov timber oro ih-
.. separable to our lumber business—
where one is, there you'll find the
". other. •        -
„ ■ _ _.*.__ '        ■
*    '  ' ANTEED   ALL -BUILDERS    '" -
'•Stanley,St.   -  Nelson
i-     ,. * ">        v      -£
_ .Hotel In .City; "nicely, furnished
.rooms with Bath/X   Beds, '50C
each, meals, 35c. *   -*■/.'
A Union House
Prop., J. S. BARRATT
Large Airy Rooms .&
7 »Gbod-Board^^
Ross: &VJIackay ?»
found lt necessary to call the attention
of the local arid provincial authorities
to tho deplorable state of" neglect or
ordinary precautions against disease,
dirt and overcrowding. • A 'company
giving but n perfunctory attention'to
these matters lays itself open to the
most serious condemnation of its employees., ;'
The board cannot but express its
profound .regret that nowhere could
It discern Indications of any sincere
and earnest attempt on tbo. part, bt
tho local union to promote tho social,
moral and intellectual wellbolng of
the workers in the mines.
The board further regrets tbnt by
tb. action ot tho parties In docllning
tha suggested schedule ' of wages It
was prevented from offering Its assistance In preparing an agreement
whleh lt ls bollovod would do much
to removo tho cause, of grlovnnco
clarified ambiguity 6l expression and
altogether mako for tho harmonious
co-oporntlon of tbo parties tn tbo working of tho mines. ■■
Tlio board la convincod howovor,
tbat with a clear and definite understanding upon tho question' of the
"opon ehop" nnd nn ncceptnnco of
the suggested wngo schodulo nn agroo*
mont can be mndo sntlBfactory io
both parties,        .„. y
Tlio following Is tbo schodulo ot
wngos nuggoutod:
, i, That tho tiny wngo scnlo bo in*
cronsed ns follows: 10 por cont &d*
vnnco up to $!l IimiIuhIvo, 8 po|; com,
ndvnnco from $3 to $3.50, tho Inttor
liicliislvo, B por cent ndvnnco nbovo
2; A dlfforontlnl of Be, to 7c, por ton
In nil pIllni'H presently without, differ
cut Ini, the application to bo by mutual COIIBOIlt.
. 3. An' tidju'itment ot mio nt U\lo
Mlno so an lo' make thd rnto proportionate to tho hIzo of the scam,
4. An ndvnnco of,. 3 por> cont on
contract rato* nt Lothbrldgo. r!l
5, All othor contract.rato to romnin tinolinngod, .
I lmvo prosont ed tbo above as tho
minority roport of tbo board, Mr. Mnclood being In full accord therewltli,
wJih tlio oxoo/itloris noted In Ms sub-
Joined statement.
IloRpoctfully submitted,
(Slgnod)    C W. GORDON
I eoneur with th'o award of lho
chairman with tho following o,tcop*
(a) In clause ono of tho schwlulo
of wages tho1 word .ncluslvc" should
road "M-cIuslve."
(b) In clause 2 thb flguro "7V
should road "12."
(Signed) COUN MACLfiOD
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Nowhere In the Pais oan be
found In sueh a display of
We have the best. money
.       i**-.,.*    *-»   •*  ** i
*_>__(,     VIA}     VI      m.L.i.1, t    Ul 1.,     IMUl,*
ton, Vfiivl, Poultry, RuM«r,
-00*- Fuh, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages.
Welners and Sauer Kraut, .
Electric Restorer for Men
•.Jm Md tfUMj-. ytimtAettdKeyatii nil mxuii
uukoouttBawnitu. Pries M•_>*.of h**** (m
1.V M-ttlt. to any •KldrtH _hnBeoW.ll I>rur
< .„ St. f_iW. «•«, Ont,
For tali at BUatdstl't Ditto Mors
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Toialrtli- people of Fernie pidjnearl
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of the greatest importance
*• ______:
>*-..-    v
Loads of Bargains
A perfect landslide of bargains. The Stock is the newest^and best
money and,brains could secure, but we are gonig to slash prices, so
come prepared to hitch your dollar to ttie largest load it* ever; pulled
and outfit yourself and family at a never before heard_of cost.       .  .
' " \ ' *"> m ■* *_ .      i        l   i - * _' </ i
Everybody Included  •■   $1 does the work of $2
;.- ,7 THE  $15,000.00  STOCK**     A .      ,  .'* ,|-
Of Ladies' Wearables and Furnisbihgs; Men's Clothings,and Fixings,
Shoes) all of the [newest and best of the season's products; up to Uie'
minute in style and.quality; without reserve—without limit—of the
KAFOURY BROS; has been placed in the hands of LEWIS BROS. Co.,
, Sale Specialists.of Toronto and Spokane, for distribution.
Men who work hard every day for their money, should get in on this
Sale of Dependable Merchandise and make $1.00 do the work of $2.00
right now. When these goods have gone there will be no more at
these ridiculously low prices. It is like finding so much money. If
you can't be here at the opening hour be here some time during tbe,
day. , ■ '
Sale; starts in the morning
*•*""*■••_ * i!' -
•v. Ji.    .'. -*■* ,*■_ ~5J-rr§ - * *'-J7,,, •.   ;, •    yl\    iy&:,i)»'.
Win a Prize
,   Every, day during this Sale we will'have A DRAWING that will give every
man or woman, whose purchases amount to $5.00 or more, a chance to get some ',
,* useful article FREE.    Ask the cashier for the ticket that will, entitle, you to .
. the privilege.    All we ask is that you be there at the time specified on ticket. .
"". Saturday we will present to'the woman holding the lucky number .a .pretty:
will be a very pretty Lingerie Dress for thCiWomen., and for, the men. a .good <
' Suit of Clothes.   So come in every day and find out what the prize will be.        "
.1. j-,,,
. «Ladies'-Wrappers—all sizes and colors,- *
''«•- - - values,*up to $3.50 ~ : -x   - v   *   ,:...'...
,7;Sale Price'... .7, .-r i. _.. .v-$l to $2 *
V      ■'■--■ - '  1- ^s*
Ladies' .Black Sateen. Underskirts, well tt
.made and all sizes, values up to $2.50-
Sale Price .'.   $1.00
\   Uadies' White L^wni-.Scini-fitted Skirts, _
and Bodices -beautifully embroidered"
(imported, from Switzerland), form- ,
crly $15*     '-'      ' ;     ' Y   '"*■'"
Sftlo Price ...A..;, ".. , $7.50 ,
-*','•',   -     •• •    ■■■ ,   ,i"     , -       -.
Lhdics' Corset Covers, high grade "mu s-'
'""     liu.'in pretty designs; values up to''
" .- $1.25.   .'.;•;   '      '■•_.*. ;
,7, Sale,Price_...;,'.._...,._■ 25o, and 50c.
• Ladies' Silkiilecn Underskirts, a benuti-,
;, ful garment in various colors and ;•
■ f ' sizes; values up to $4 ': * 7    ;- '
•'  Sale Price' ....j...;...;'.. ...   $1.05
. Ladies' Night Gowns; fino quality muslin with* embroidered yoke and cuffs;
, values'up to $2,50             .
Sale Prioo    05o.
'Ladies' Shirt Waists; patterns-in mus-
. 7,lin,\.nainsook, .pongee* 'and'^poplin; (.
-'* v beautiful designs; values up to $3
. Sale;;Price .....','....,.., '"....   $1.25 •*
/Ladies' Moire Underskirts ,-in •-•■black, ."
blue, brown1 and green; values up to
$2.50 ' ' ,.   >n '«
., Sale Price ■'.-      $1.25
Ladies' Silk Moire Underskirts, ii good
.assortment of colors and sizes; values-,,■
upto'$4.50 ■■
Sale Price .:;•...'    $2.95
W-Wt-mW-Mm-B-V-^-W-WKmWm^m^m^^mWKBBmBmWm%Wm1*W-*-WB^^I^^0lm-^-*--&,      [
Ladies', White Muslin Princess Slips, J.
embroidered; excellent material and*'
finish; values up .to $3.
Sale Price    $1.50
Ladies' Whtie.Muslin Underskirts, very,
prettily trimmed with embroidery;
,':',values up to $2.50.
' Sale Prioo ......    95o.
Ladies'Shirt Waists in muslin, .black
sateen lustre and crepe; values up
to $2.50. ■•
Sale Price 55c. to $1.25
'ii> hJr, -
- Children's Dresses'-' in   all   materials,,-'!.   Men's Leather Belts, all sizes and styles,
***.. **v_tyles, colors and, sizes;-values'* up to \. ._ values'up ,to $1.
(hi  HK.   ' *.*■■-'     "'"O '■  C(n1_*.     __••!«•__« OR_»      .__.    RAa
■•' *■ $1.75.
-;Sale Price'..'-..:.-.;-.-...v "50c.ito 75c*
- _■ i       • ■ ,- .'
1 "Men's   .Woolen* Shirts,   good   heavy,
_" \ weight, just the kind for lumber meni'
'"•J- *• all sizes and colors; values up to $2,75,,
Sale Price    $1 to $1.50
i i
' Men's Wool, Cotton, Lyle   and Cash-'
:  mere Socks, various colors and sizes;
- excellent grade; values up to' 50c. * ■
.Sale Price    15c. to 25c, -
•"'Men's All-Wool, Sweaters arid Sweater
\. ': ' Coats, , good   assortment   of   sizes;
splendid quality and   made' right;
values up to $4.50
Sale Price    $1 to $2,50
Mon.B*- Cloth Caps, latest styles and
patterns; values up to $1
Salo Price  35c, to 65c,
•.Men's Handkerchiefs in silk, linen, cot;
'{ ton and si Ileal con; values up lo $1.25
Salo Price, 5o,; 0 for 25c, to 50c, oach,
Sale Price
25c. to SOc,
Men's Neckwear, in silk, satin and wash
materials, for summer wear; values -
' *.*• up ,to 75c. .    , '
Sale Price  15c. to 35c,
*, .Men's Pyjamas, best quality, all sizes ,
' and nicely finished; values up to.
,     $4.50                            t
Sale Price '.    $2.75
Men's Hats, all kinds, all styles,' best
„ grades; values up to $4.50
'Sale Prico -    $1 to $2,76
Men's Suspenders, "President," "Po-
, lie.emnn-"   nnd   other   high   grade
makes; values up to 90c.
Sale Price    25c, to SOc,
Mens' Underwear, wool, cotton, eiisli-
mere, lylo and fleece-lined; can't be
beaten for finish and quality; two-
piece suits; values up to $-1.50
Salo Prioo  , 85c, to $2.25
Boys' Shirts and/Waists, various sizes
«-.  and colors,.values up to $1.50*.,   -
Sale Price    SOc, to 65c.
Boys! Braces, all sizes- good material;
values up to 25c. *
Sale Price     16c.
Boys' Stockings, Cotton   ribbed' and
•   and others reinforced at1 heel and too;
, values up to SOc.   „   ' ,
Sale Price     15c, to 20c,
Boys' two-piece Underwear, heavy and
light*weight; all sizes; former prico
Sale Price    65c,
Boys' Suits of every description, size
and color! values tip to $2.50
Salo Prico    00c. to $1,25
Youths' SuilH in tweeds, serges,,and
worsted: the kind that wear like
iron j values up to $12
Salo Prico ,'.    $3 to $5,75
All our high-grade Suits, slims,* stouts, regulars, in greys, browns,
blacks, bluoB, stripes,'chocks and fancy, mixed colors, will be sold at
prices to suit overy body.' Every Suit up-to-date in stylo and work-
Mon's Suits in Tweeds, Serges .Worsteds; sizes, styles and colors to
' suit oil.    Among this  lot  is  tho  famous  brand "Now Era."
Valuos, as high ns $27.00.   Salo Prioo will
bo from 	
$8,50 tO$.6
Men's Pants, n lho most servireablo materials and thorough construe-
tion, ttllsizoH, styles and colors; values 4 ftp i* AA "IP
up to $5.   Salo Prico \iLO •" -d/llu
Men's Working Shirts in all sizes, materials and patterns; now is tho
time to lay in HupplicH in this line.   Values        tL{\t\  fn  QCn
.  up to $1.50.   Salo Prico  DUU   ,U  UUU
Men's Dress Shirts; lots of them in thc very best makes and prettiest
pattern..; sizes to fit and styles to suit all rAft ift A-jj 1 A
Values up to $2.50   Salo Prico       DUll  ^ 51 A\)
Mon's Overalls, with and without bibs! also jumpers, mado of good
9 oz. material. .Values up to $1.25.
t'     OHIO     Jt riGQ      MtlHM  iimim   '   * t » •  •  i i t (  I i * I • • t t f  t • i  t t * * .  . t
Blankets, good weight, largest size mado; values at $3.50    rtA "f p
XO  f{0  Um   *iit«ti»*iiit»    i # t t i t t i . i f »    iitttitiiaii*        lll&i llU
Now ifl your opportunity to buy good Blankota—tako advantago of it!
"Mon's Boots and Shoes; Oxford tans in lace and two buckles; Dross
Shoes in tans, blacks and patent leather; Cimvas Shoes for tho hot
weather and tender feet; Working Boots nnd Shoes in all Rtylcs aud
weight, 6 to 10 ineii tops. Lumbermen's boots all caulked. All
sizes in'every lino and tip to date styles, '04 *7P ln 0P l)P
Values to $8.50    Salo Prico   0111 0 '" MiZO
Shoo leather is very important; it is the tanning process that makes
it good or bad, Wc havo always carried the very best lines ot bark
tanned shoos—-We stake our reputation on them.
Men's Working Gloves and Mitts- lined nnd unlincd, tho very best
makes iu Ashestal, Horsehide, Calfskin, Mules.un, Buckskin, Be
suro and look at these as thoy cannot he bought for the hiiiiio money
after the snlo. Values up Io $2.50,Salo Cflrt fa 04 OC
Prico to bo  tho pair        DUII'"CmiZD
Oil Skin'Rain Coats, lhe celebrated "Fish" llrniul.,Values $4 7P
to $3.50   Bale Price   J111 3
Ladies! Bo suro and seo all thc splendid articles named above and
quoted at prices to suit tho timos, You shjill bo satisfiod with good
things-—Our guarantoo goes with this.
The above are genuine priee reductions   Remember everything marked a cui price.
NOTIONS AND NOVKI.TIEB.—Raiiors. Rafcor Strops, Shaving Brushes flhavin. Soap. Pipei, Month Orswns. Lookinjr Olassftn. Purses, Hair Brushes. Clothes Brushes Nail Brushes, Hairpins. Hair Combs Studded with .Brilliant!..
Safoty Pins, Buttons of all kinda, Hooks and Eyes, Hoso Supporters for mon and womon. Playing Cards, Shoo Strings, ScisBors, Pocket Knives, Toilet Powders Tooth Brushon, Nooktio Pins, Brooches, Cuff .Links, .Collar .Buttons
Turkish Bath Towels, Dish Towols, Laoo Curtains, Tablo Cloths, Napkins, Buro au and Sidoboard Oovors, and many othor artiolos wo havon't room to montion—ALL. TO GO AT HALF PRICE I
il Kefoury Bros.
Don't forget Opening Day
SATURDAY, JULY 22nd at 9
Lewis Bros. Co.
m **H-_
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'*■»-■_ '*j;ty5-
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©lie lisfrijci
Ti\."iPublished'every Saturday morning at its office,
f. Pellat Avenue; Ternie, B, C.   Subscription $1.00
.''-'-'o.^ **'"■'•;,   *** - ,   «
" per • year, in advance.   An excellent advertising
• "medium. * Largest circulation in the District.   Ad-
vertising rates cm application. Up .6-date,facilities
! for the execution of all kinds of 5 book, job and
color work^ Mail orders receive-special attention.
* Address all communications .6 Tne District Ledger.
.*     ..     J. W. BENNETT, Editor.,
Telephone No. 48.-i Postoffice Box No. 380
W1 E don't tare whether the mineworkersstarve
to death or not; we have nothing whatever
to say regarding "the conditions under -which they
exist, whether the operators are telling the truth
' about their inability to pay more wages and derive
_' profit from .he sale of coal, it is hone of pur business, but this we do know; and that'is the .CONSUMERS NEED COAL/
** To compel the miners to return to work for our
- benefit regardless of their own welfare, even if they.
-   offer to work for a dollar a day in the harvest field
, by refusing to hire them and by so doing .prolong
'. the strike to the injury of the consumer is practic-
7 ally the purport of the, statement credited in the Cal-
; , gary press to Mr. Johnson,.a member of the Board
>'  of. Trade of that city and self-styled spokesman for
the public!''.", ■' •
' Now, the above, is not the manner in   which he
clothed his language it is true, but stripped of all
veneer it accurately represents the interpretation
to be conveyed
'An'editorial in the Winnipeg Telegram, however,
"'   is entitled to the laurel wreath of fame for its suggestion as to the most efficacious method of settling
, ' the. dificulties between th'e mine workers and the
-;' operators, which boiled down is: Take the heads of
\   the two senseless combatants and knock them toge-
/ _ther, if this does riot have the effect desired then
- the general public,-losing its .temper,, will do something that will be serious for both owners and employees. •  ,.H "       ' *
-These outspoken expressions of opinion are cer-
_ -- xt      <_     "   ■   *- - * -•" *
to" accede' to the demands of the,mine'workers, oveu
it' accompanied by an undertaking Jduly^ signed,
"sealed and delivered to charge aii amount iii excess
ot^ the then prevailing, prices ''sufficient,.to reimburse the mine owners.... AVhefe;is'.tlie" logical*dif-
ference? ^ '"'■..'• y - *:7,0 'yyT''J.y ..' _
-•'Tq "whip the* workers into subjection' either, by
force of arm's, starvation or some" other*» direful
measures is both openly and tacitly" espoused* and
then superficial observers feign surprise if the members of the working*class show bitterness in-their
language when resenting the vicious attacks made
upon tliem. -.    -  * -     s    , .
• Tactless individuals of the' Taylor type are    a
-     * !*-' -   ' ■ -    '    , _
menace to their partyi and should be cautioned.by
1    &      , *--
their leaders," as by such' bluntriess- they open the
eyes of the myopic members of*the working class
ando alienate their sympathy when'elections .come
•"■rifiin. and votes are necessary to return the candidates bf the party to Parliament.     ''.'.'
It is. epic to recount the steadfastness of purpose of the Old- Guard who at Waterloo, preferred
death to surrender, but in the prosaic today it is
quite in order to .treat with contumely and epithets
those that prefer to fight for a few crumbs for them
selves and loved ones rather than suffer that the
prop that does sustain their house be knocked
from  under."   Althoughi, criticising- the -actions
of the Taylor brand qf politicians he is justly entitled to a meed of praise from those blind voters
still retaining a belief in the identity of interests
existing,between Labor and Capital.       _       .". .
Merely to denounce is an1 easy matter, but to advance a means whereby tthe difficulty may be overcome would be more satisfactory and we are quite
free to acknowledge that "a permanent basis cannot
be reached under the present system but" a temporary truce may .be arrived, at by granting the.
very'reasonable'demands of the men. and debiting
the sorely, aggrieved public with the advance.
- Those who make the laws enabling a'few individuals to own those commodities of common need or
in.other words sell their,birthright for a mess of
pottage, ought not to squeal when the result of
their fatuousness acts as a boomerang.
To place' power voluntarily in the hands of u individuals and then when they\exercise it to the
detriment of the givers,; the latter to blame everybody but -their own shortsightedness is the acme
of folly and yet these lessons dearly bought though
they may be, are essential tb create an awa_ening.
*   .-" ^■ir^yr -.7-•',-?*••>>■.^, • ■=>.«..■   <■-.• 7-c-j--v
: Short: Toute tb^Bi -'C. j£past/Joye^
Cascade, Mountains in''/.daylight
Latest trains to East crossing the .Rockies
;. -' and skirting Mississipjpi river between
St. Paul and Chicago in daylight'*-::     j?-i
Train leaves Fernie at 1.15 daily,
(Southbound) except Sunday :       '
: J. S. THOMPSON v ;    *!,
Phone No. 161 " ; P. O; Box 305!
Special Saturday rate Fernie to Elko, 85c, good returning: Monday/** ,,
T/"tainly-refreshing, clearly.provS/g that.tfiey^who
ygive them utterance state in so many words—So
*   long.as I get what.I,,want it does not'signify what
/ happens to" the other fellow, but if I don't; then
'-, look out for my censure.   , '     ,.'".',.
1(, _ .;. It is remarkable that they who display this spirit
V of selfishness fail to recognize that it is a like one
■ that influences the actions of others than themsel-
L *> l> .
J'ves including, operators and mineworkers who, by
' v tlie way are also an integral part bf the, much in-
.*■"■ censed public.
" '.[Considerable alarm is felt about the possible and
oven,the probable suffering that will ensue if the
coal situation should not be relieved beforo the ad-
,.-, vent of winter. • This is quite natural.   *   ,
• ,,The mino workers, anxious for their own well-
being and those dependent upon them, realizing
that a decent standard of living cannot be main-
• tained on thc present rates of pay received for the
sale of their labor energy and, finding all efforts to
. obtain the same unavailable, determine to refrain
from working, preferring to struggle rather than
submit supinely. This is quite natural.
Mackenzio King, at tho session of tho House on
1 Wednesday, replying to A. S. Goodovo"s comments
relative to the Btrike and tho failure of the Conciliation Board to accomplish anything definite, ox-
pressed surprise that any attempt to mako party
capital should be mado by members of the opposition. Buncombe and humbug 1 Had tho positions
beon reversed it would have been simply a ease of
Thc simulated astonishment and hypocritical cant
decoivefi nobody with a claim to even a modicum of
intellect, but then tho amenities must be observed
though tho heaven fall.
Wo might exclaim with Shylock: "A Dnniel
•comojo judgment I Oh! wiRO young man, how I do
"lionor thec' In copy of press report wo rend:
Mr King: .... suggested thnt tho peoplo of tho
four provinces nf footed take h1ojm_ to mako proviH-
ions for n supply of conl, so that the dnnger of a
shortage might be minimised."
What stupendous; nay, ono might almost say
what httismic. disturbance must have happened to
the convolutions of a brain from whoRC inner recesses could emanate it solution so neoteric. Unfortunately there is an obstiu'le which may bo Hymlmliz-
od by "First ditch yonr hare, then cook him."
George Taylor (conservative), Leeds, Ont., said
that if Air. King had taxon his mi vice iwo yearn ng«i
thoro would have been no trouble now. „
Mr. King Htated that his recollection of tho advico wan that the miners be forced to work nt "the
point of tho bayonet."
*.k*IU-*r thst," rvpm."! Mr. Vw.viur, \xmxt in ii*s»"
people dying of cold and hunger."
This individual must be an atavistic specimen
at the Klifftbethian epoch when laborer*-* who left u
mnstor without permission were branded, and if
thoy pcrnfatcd in their evasion subj-vt tn fiif»*Ml
An a contrast, what a fearful uproar there would
have been heard from all aide* of the house, wgarrt-*
(cm txf party capital, if a labor or radical m-umber
had had the temerity to auggeat that the government
nulhoritie* «hould anail the coffers of the a**)
corporations, take therefrom the amount ne-seMarv
UC1I has* Uen said, iu lhe press about the
value of the Lemieux Act, opinions for aud
against difiereing.largely ,'r./accordance with'the
rt»app_»*.i\*ft iiftiitu-nWr-lftr r.F.fl.£ nnlilipafinng
". ,la so far as^the present/coal' strike"is/concuned
neither praise nor blame can be. iaid at thedoo. o/
th'e Lemieux Act, for the very simple reason- th..i
it was in nowise applicable thereto.
The appointment of the Board of Conciliation,
although it'is called for under the provisions of the
Act, was in this* instance independent, thereof, because the cantractual obligations entered into between the two parties expired March 31st.
The Lemieux Act is only applicable during the
life of an agreement and no amendment thereto
can be'equitably made compelling either party tb
a continuance of relationship when the time specified has expired.-
The request for tlie appointment of the board
of investigation was made voluntarily by the Executive Board'of the Miners in* the/hope that a
basis of mutual understanding might bo reached,
liut that this was conformably to the, Industrial
Disputes and Investigation Act is merely incidental. That it failed to accomplish, any beneficial
results has nothing whatever to do with tho Lemieux Act,
To force1 men to work on after thoir obligations
had been complied with would simply mean that
tho making of contracts was valueless as a systom
of peonage would bo thereby established.
Criticism of the Board is quite in order, but to
do this fairly and squarely a knowlcdgo of its powers and limitations should bo hnd.
* What was expected by "tho Public" no doubt
was a thorough investigation of all subjects touching upon the coal question, but thc power (if such
wo may call it) of tho Board was decidedly restricted, ond to attach blamo.to tho mombors thereof
under such circumstances   in   oxtrcmoly illogical.
Iw short, the Lemieux Aot aa ii piece of remedial
legislation may be compared to tho advico of tho
old woman to a young mother whose b*by waH sick:
"Grease tho child'h olbowa, it may do Home good,
and if it doesn't it will not do any harm."
The report of the proceeding* Jr in the hnndn of
tho Minister of Labor, but so far no award has been
made by that department, although it in safe to
assume that tho recommendations contained in the
majority report will he the bnsis of settlement nd
vocatud. That this will be rejected by thc men is
a foregone (-om-lnsion becntiRo it is n distinction,
but, witli a very alight,dlfforonco from tho offer
.limit) uy tint (.pernlor*.. at tne _«igitry conlerenco in
Capital   Paid   Upr .j 2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets . 7...;'..-.;... 40,000,000
* The average man or woman seldom*
develops the habit of saving- until a
Sayings, Account has been, opened.
Tlie possession of such an account
acts as an incentive — your natural
desire to see the' fund grow encourages that Uendency' to thrift so neces-
sary-tb success. No matter how-little
you can-afford to lay aside from the*
-weekly.wage, open a Savings Account
iii' the Bank of Hamilton.
Head Office:
/ Opemtfrcrafrent or cheque, account with the
Home Bank and pay your housekeeping, or.per-
^sonallbills, £y/&
lika method than by paying:, with leash.out, of ..
.. hand.,, Your cheques are receipts for the amounts
they represent and at the end of each month
your cheques are returned to yourwith your
' bank book accurately balanced.,    ; «•
*  Head Office, TorontoY'-Y:
Branches and connections throughout Canada
.  \>..'      . - "-      *   v ■   ' *,  ■   *
JOHN ADAIR, Manager* Fernie
Tllli practifie of allowing hoya tn go into thi bnrn
to noil pnpera nhould bo prohibiten, likewixu
inoaHiiw-4 ximilur to IIioho Adopted iu the Htato uf
Waxhington enacted that women be debarred from
*»nti»rlng ttftfoom fnr thf* purpose of «-olf_ iting' rontri-
butionn on behalf of the Salvation Army, but that
men nhould tin thin work instead.
We believe that under the Municipal Clauao.
Aet incorporated cities have the power to paw by
law* regulating the practice alluded to.
Thi* u an instance where we lmve jpleavure in
agreeing with our o-Uki.
/tfDato will be announced
Visiting the entire district
See before you buy. Write
me for full particulars.
Dig in the ground for a
livelihood, you'll be under
soon enough! Five acres
cultivated will prolong life
and provide a competence
for old ago.
Eight, 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
City, well located and water
-■?*7"•'•■ 77ALEXANDEiR I^IRD.GENERAt'MANAlkRVf'-s; ' >
**.->,',*  *  ".S ■-*..i-.'■'   -''*1*' '-"■'" - -ti' Vc*-"". .,"•. ' .•'" '•'      •■•
. .y,\
:capitau- $10,000,000.;. ;;:  ; rest,.$7,000,000:.
V-.vn'   "--     >    •- ' ,;    "* -; - '■-•- »-,*•» " * y> 1 ■,',■"   *   *',   ,: ",'.y~
9tre;saying^^nk dep/^Sjmen^^
-?o. The Can2dian Bank of:Commerce will' receive.deposits;of $iJin&\- J
''upwards, on which interest,is allowed.at currentfrates.   There isj-aojr
; delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the "deposit.   Small
deposits are welcomed. •- . -7>*'—'    ' ;'' " ^:"*• "*."*'' .   :    ; .*'   -.'*-■'-".134?
;-..■_.- YAccounts may be opened in the names bf tWo or more persons, tobb; .
' operated by* any one of the number or by the survivor.. A joint account >..
of this kind s&yts expense in establishing the ownership of the money
after death, and is especially-useful when a man desires to provide for,, •
hiswifej or for, others depending* upon him, in the event of his death.; 7
FERNIE BRANCH  - ^. Li A. 8. DACK, Manager;
.. i
. Alrtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal/3
or Wood Burners, and
y. Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J..M.  AGNEW & CO., ELKO -y{y
* ■*■■■' -, ,"-.'.. - ',. *! ._.
'.-.'     '" . '■;'-' '*'; ' .■ 7   '■■    ;-     •.        *;' :   ''    ~'.--.-" ;•''
And  Nothing but the Best ih Fresh-,
and   Smoked    Meats,    Fresh    and.
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
h*   Etc.  Etc*, go to .  ;,,  ",: ,   "-■  {..Y
'  _
Insurance: Real
J     < _    *   \ --       _,      ___"'' ' -       \     ^    _.    '" .
Money to Loan on _rst«ttass5Busi-
*> " 2.._!' ■* " "        1 -     _ ^ «        "" ' B.      1
nessarid Resideptial property /
-■': •
Electric Lighted
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold Water L, A. Mills, Manage..
Now is the Accepted Time
Preserving Kettles
.*-".■_,../.'ji'i;.,t <.....■., ,.,.'."i..V ■   -
7*%*,.'iy,*yi*"* ^ .\ >-•,,''■ ■■<■
. *. i' '!.■■ )S,j '.,'..* r\; ' *
I -    V    .      }     'I      I     ■ '   ,
';, '  ' i"it.   *■ i. *   i
5 Quarti, Poarl $ ,48 eaoh
• Quarti, Paarl,.,,. (0 iaoh
I Quarti, Paarl «0 each
10 Quarti, Paarl ' ,75 taeh
12 Quarti, Paarl BS.iaeh
14 Quarti, Paarl  1.00 aaoh
18 Quarti, Paarl  1,25 aach
24 Quarti, Paarl :,, 1,50 aaoh
30 Quarti, Paarl 2.00 aa«h
Hardware J. D.   QUAIL   Furniture
Ledger Ads Bring Results
1  and  good  busines.
It's not so rauoh ths twit*
of the mm producing the
matter, at ths oontidera-
Uonoff what will appeal
to the people he detlrte
to reach. Still, you your-
sslfwlll find a keen, personal eatltf action ln using
food paper and printing.
Mtjr w-tiW you ttmpla >
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>♦♦♦■♦♦ ♦.♦^♦'♦."♦.-♦> ♦
-.♦'-7    -.." •■-«*,:-7^--   ■,"■'■•<♦
•-♦     ; MICHEl. NEWS      ■'" ,*#•
.■,♦-.       ..* By ."krlmea."  . . ;♦
1 •<*."" '     ;-.'". -,_-**/ - ' -'   ,-'-'■♦
■;♦ ♦,♦•♦ ♦♦'♦.♦ ♦ ♦.♦<*
Thursday last ari-Italian met with" a
.>jiasty, accident near Pattersons Ranch
whilst-shooting with a-shot gun.   Tho
■ unfortunate yman had his hand" on top
'-of the .-barrels when both ^exploded
/tearing  his  hand  up  in "a  frightful
.-.-ahape. -'.   Mr. Jas. Davidson, who hap-
* pened.to bo near the scene of accident
•with  his'rig brought, "him to. town
[where. Dr.  Weldon. attended  to. the
wound. *   Tho hand,'although an awful
-shape will be saved, but will be of no
ximO in the future.    »'     . ,
,.   , Messrs'! David Martin, W. J. Lucas,
'-and.Wilson Rae have all left for,.tlie
town of Finch, where they have secur-
. .«d 'employment.. *   ,  .   ..   ".,     .   "..
; ' The, following notice bas been posted
-up in conspicuous places"around,town
.' Notice to Employees of the Michel "
.-,   ',.,/ Collieries    ..        __   7
. ■-*'   "Owing to the'acciderit in No. 8
mine, and the jnundatlqpr.of No.'.
Mine, tho Michel Collieries will be
. - closed down indefinitely.  ■< ;       , ,
',    ,       (Signed)7W. R..WILSON,.'.-.i.
..     ■   ., - * .-J- '-'•;.' General Manager."
"     The employees at the present time
) comprise the office'staff 7and    fire
;" bosses,-'and we hardly think that; it
was necessary for the company to post
f notices all over town,
i- Michel football, team .had ."no. league
"• match bn last Saturday, but, a friendly
-..-encounter was arranged between Old
" Michel and New Michel. - A very fast
game was witnessed, and resulted in
', -favor of Old Michel by 1 goal to nil,
"**. Mr. Tliomas Colquhoun acted,as re.
) force, and is quite" capable in such a
., position
•-,   Saturday, 22nd, Coleman team will
," "be visitors here Ih a league encounter,
The line-up for Michel will be as foi
.lows:   Jas. Moore, goal; J. Yates and
-■J.-J-*,. Watson, backs; T. Jackson, W. Jenkins, and 'Ferguson;.(capt.) halves; J.
'Harper, F. BeddingtonrRev.Geb. Mil:
lett, H. Brown, S. Weaver. '^Reserves:
'. Ball and Gans.;. _■■•     t .   -,-,'"- '-*.'
. Mr.. John Haddon has just returned
•^from Scranton, Pa., where he has been
* visiting relations.* ; He-spent a most
"'conditions good in that part of .the
-country,,      ■_   -   -*■*'- -.-      ■
; *   ' _i - *> .       •
■ The Misses Carr, of Coleman, have
,  returned after having-spent a- most
den for the Flathead district,' was here
Frtday/lOth.   > '    .'.'      *  :/'-{"' J. -•'
Don V forget the picnic on'the 27th
of Julyjthe finest time of the season.
Be "sure and come,,and have-a, good
time. "  Dance afternoon arid evening.
Dr.; Dixon has returned to. Spokane
for.a few 'days.'**'     "<'- *   '..       -s * ' 'r
Andy Good has.another addition to
his animals, he has a .lock of, goats;
but since their* arrival it- has been
increased;by two.      S , , - ?7 ,(> '
. Coleman is reported to be coming
here*on Sunday to play Crow's Nest
but nothing definite about the rumor
ye*\ .'. J * '••" /''"" . . "- • •-
, Lest you forget: Remember the 27th
the Big Day at Crow's Nest.   '
Labor.Bureau Finds Increase of 4 per
_,  Cent In Whllesale Prices of 257 .
" Commodities During Last Year . -
",' pleasant time.here. '
, . Bob McGovern hasssecured^a- posi-
; tion as; flunky at Finch.  ,
,'.™    Mr Joseph J*enklrison"Jand' Andrew
Mitchell have taken a homeBtead'up
- the-Elk River Valley where:they Wy
be seen.    Most of their time is spent
'   ln making bannocks, and Joe guarantees that if thoy don't kill .the'll fill. -
.     Mr. George' Whiting is now locat-
.' ed in King's ."Candy Kitchen.   Anyone
. wishing to quench thoir thlrat'or desiring an ice cream should go and see
* -', George. .    ..',.'-    f.
.    An athletic association Is being formed In New Michel which we hope will
prove a succoas,   Messrs Chas. Carver
, and. S., Brewer, aro to bo instructors
and under tho generalship ot those two
, gentlemen the young men should soon
, " bocomo efficient.
•       -•'   Mr. Georgo Ollvor,* who for many
|f        yoaru has boon with the Trites-Wood
Company of this town, haa now beon
promoted to the posltlou of manager
11 the store at Coal Creek.    George
will be greatly missed by many, especially the ladies, and wo wish him sue*
cane ta hia new position.
* * Old Michel are coming to the front
In baseball, and last Wednesday beat
tho Now MIchellteH by a substantial
•score. Old MlChels Pitcher, Jimmy
McKinnon,' certainly had thom going,
Nothing alow to Jimmy's pitching."
Messrs, Branch, Davy Ferguson,
Davidson and Savago, aro up at Swift
Current, trying tbo flBh thoro.
Mr, Joaoph Crodlck, who haa .been
conflnod to tho bed, duo to an accident
In No, 3 mine in the month of March,
la now able to walk again. We hopo
that in a abort while hia recovery will
be complete,
Mr. Thomas Crahan ia away on a
visit and Uto solo management of tho
hotel ia now In tho hands of Mr.
Frank White.
Windy Billy, Deputy Fire Wardon,
wai down hore Inst Friday night from
Corbin. Windy roporta the flablng
in the Flathead Country something un
A dance is to be given Thursday
by tho Rellof Committee In Mr, Lockhart'*, which ha* been kindly lent by
him for the occasion,
Mwara. Julian ttlma and llrown are
v*utt.«u_ Ajoug (.ie. OauiU of the blk
with tbelr famlUee, We bope that
they an* having an enjoyable tine.
WASHINGTON.-V-The hight cost of
living, ls no myth7" An'investigation
by the Bureau of. Labor oi the prices
of. 257. commodities during 1911 shows
that, wholesale prices' then were four
per, cent higher than, in 1909, and 1.6
per cent .above the average of,-1907,
which was they year of highest prices
since* 1890.  '7       * *    '      '••*■
.-' Iri view of the Canadian reciprocity
discussion, au interesting item in the
bureau report, shows that the wholesale prices of farm products were*7.5
per cent higher in 1910 than in 1909.
- Wholesale prices in 1910 were 10.1
per cent higher than In 1900, 46.7 per
cent,higher than ini897 (which was
the year of lowest prices between
1890 and 1910), 16.6 per cent higher
than 1890, and 31.8 per. cent higher
than the average high prices between
1890 arid 1899." .'.*,-* • *r  "" . "
The highest .prices of this" decade
were reached in October, 1907, when a
general decline began which continued until August, 1908, a rise then set
iri;and,t there were monthly increases
without > break up to.March, 1910,
when. wholesale ' prices reached the
highest point in 20 years. They were
then" 21.1 per cent higher.than the
average of 1900; 49.2 per cent higher
than the average of, 1900;** 49.2 per
cent < higher than the * yearly, average
the' average price 'of,* ten ^years , between' 1890 and 1900. .    '    .:.    ._'
. Then followed a slight decline and
frphv'June ,tp' December' 1910,'. prices
remained nearly level and at the close
of 1910 „they were, still 30,-per cent,
higher than the ten year average between 1890 and 1900 and 45.5 per cent
h|gl*ei* than, the record set by the high
price year-1907-,^ -, •'. v,. »■ ,.
. Prices of lumber and. building materials Increased 10.7 per cent; farm
product)} 7.5; drugs 4.16; foodstuffs
3.2 per cent; clothing 2.7 per cent,
and the miscellaneous group of commodities 5.7 por cent. House'furnishings decreased 0,1 per. cent, and fuel
and light 3.3 per cont. , Somo extraordinary variatlona^were recorded ln
,1910.- Potatoes increased 100 per cent
eggs, 90 por cent; coffee 60 per cent;
mesB beef 33 per cent.
•*•£•".'♦ ♦'♦.'♦ ♦•"*♦ V* '"♦•V _*• ♦
♦   _       ■„-'■-'' •:-''    *:"♦
♦ COLEMAN NOTES BY 22 '.,  ♦
♦'-.       ',*■•' :' •*•'"..'"-"'      ."'    ♦
♦ ♦'♦♦♦ ♦>♦  J*. ♦-_♦_♦■♦,
The'St. Albany. Church, picnic '"to
Crow's.Nest was really'a'delightful
affair/everybody, both young and old,
enjoyed themselves tS* tlieir heart's
content; and a good measure-of praise
is due to Andy Good for.Jthe excellent
reception he gave the party.
- His natural history collection of animals were gazed upon with delight
by the visitors arid Teddy,,, the bear,
became such a favorite with the children that many of them would' like to
have him for.their own.      ■    '    '
' There was racing, skipping, tugs of
war, football and other games which
are part and parcel of - athletics, then
to cap the climax bf the day's entertainment dancing was. indulged hi...
Happy was the crowd that returned
home, everybody voting'the event as
most enjoyable..,   .  ■ ;, -■       ,,   • < '-
- On Saturday afternoon there was a
slight rainfall within the limits of'the
town but from "the color of the liquid
which came, through the taps ,one
could'easily .'figure It out that a" cloud
burst must have knocked off a portion
of the Crow's Nest mountain. ^This
condition of .lthe • drinking fluid, com-'
pelled.niany men .who havebeen idle
since the' 1st of April to practice" a
little muscular exercise of the arms
carrying the water home for household
purposes. '.", .. *
-.,- A. valuable. horse, belonging to W.
Bvaris fell dowria well and broke his
neck.,,'The impromptu jury* self-constituted and self-remunerated, rendered a verdict of accidental death. There
L * _
were \some who suggested . that a
"rider" be added that he had committed suicide whilst in a fit of temporary
Insanity,'caused by lack of work, but
such a theory was not acceptable, as
man's four-footed friend-has too much
"horse"» sense'to take such pleasure in
wearing the.collar.and harness as
would justify anybody, hi accusing him
of any anxiety about the right to work
so long as hay. arid "oats are obtainable
without. .    . „^ .■'"*,'     -
Mr. Ford, of Bellevue,,-late of Sheffield, near Heeley, has'now assumed
the compound duties of constable,and
secretary-treasurer/formerly ■ dlsch'arg-
him-, as a discoverer of a lake; in; the
Spray district,.Johnny i*magiries'"'himself a second '(.hristopher Columbus.
Old timers, however, assert they, were
outtat the same lake. 18' years ago. "
Fishing is,very poor in the Bow; an
angler with a good catch being a rare
sight. * Even Joe Sedlock, Canmore's
redoubtable fisherman "can't get 'em,"
' .SanrStirtan and his boys are making several needful > repairs and improvements on the town roads, and the
telephone ' wiring is being. re-arranged,- new poles being substituted.
. Returning wanderers will hardly
know the town.     / '
A father bus commenced the purchase of a Canadian Government Annuity for his Bon of 20 undor an arrangement with the son that ho la
to bear r portion of the oxponso until
he, the son, la able to assume tho
whole payment of $50 a year, which is
the amount roqulrod to be paid from
20 to 60 for 40 years tb secure for
tho son at sixty an annuity of $507,69,
It will bo aeon that tho tqfal payment!
will Amount to $2,000, and that the
return eaoh year will bo over ono*
fourth of this nmount ao long aa the
son Uvea after ho attains tho ago of
60. If bo dies before the annuity ia
duo, oil bla payments with 8 per cont
compound inteaeat up to the tlmo ot
hia ueath will be refunded to bla logal
repretentatlvea. -
If ho died at 30 they would
receive    $ 590.00
if he died at 35 thoy would
receive        957,85
If he died at 40 they would
receive   .,  ,      1,383,80
If ho died at 40 thoy would
receive .. ,  ....     1.877.03
If he died at SO they would
receive..,. ...*.     2,450.00
If he died at 55 they would
receive..'     3,113,80
If he died at, 60 thoy would
receive *       .RR.1.1K
Full particulars  of   thla excellent
ed by Mr.' Hall?.      ■, , * .  ■_ „
„  '   7-       ■;,;   .DEATH  ,'**  ., .   "
We are Indeed sorry to ^report the
death of Cecilia/ beloved wife of .Percy
Porter on iluly'17th, age 29 years.,,
.The funeral ori the" 18th was' under
the auspices of < the local lodge of
F. O. E., a*nd*Mr. Davies took charge
of tho mortuary, arrangements The
Roy. A. B. N. Crowtlier. .from Michel,
English Church minister, read the
burial of the dead service of that denomination A very large crowd of
friends and citizens formed In line and
followed the remains to their last resting place,,In token of the high esteem
ta which the deceased lady, was held.
Among tho mnny noted present, wore
Mr and Mrs Venables, Mrs Messenger,
Mro. Benson, * Mrs, Stephenson, Mrs.
Muir Mrs. Thompson, Dr. Robb, Nurse
Whlte,'Mr and Mrs. C. Burrows, Dan
Lewis, Mr arid Mrs. Clair, Mr. R Ross,
Mr. Andy Good, Mr, Ouimette, Mr. W.
Chambers, Mr. W, Murr nnd many
The members of the Eagles numbering about ono hundred, were also' in
Beautiful wroaths were sont by
Colin Maeleod, of Maeleod, J, Burrows;
Blairmore, Mrs, A, Patterson, Victoria,
Dr. Robb, Mlaaea White and Doherty,
and Mr and Mrs W, H. Murr, but tho
moat touching tribute of affection woe
that displayed by a numbor of tho
boys'and girle, who with becoming
modeaty remained in tho background
until nearly all had dlsporsed beforo
placing their wreathes, crosses nnd
noaogays of wild flowers upon tho
newly made grave of alio whom In
life thoy had lovingly known aa
Mr. W. Illchlo la building a vory
largo houao nan aamplo oi Coloman.
first akyacrapor.
Walter Nelson haB contracted with
Qnrnor to build him a dwelling Iioubo
on tho top bench.
, (The magnificent house at 95 Piccadilly, London," was hired for coronation day by Otto Kuhn, the noted New
York Banker. Among his guests was
Frederick Townsend.Martin, American
multi-millionaire for three generations
Sa aristocrat and the society leader
who.e recent >o"6k, "The Passing of
the Idle Rich," has stirred the country.
He wrote • this article especially for
the Daily Socialist.—Editor)
. All the guests about me represented
gold.- As,I lay-in my bed on the eve
of the coronation, sleep "was impossible
because of the cries and roars of the
people below my * window, waiting
throughout the night to see their'mon-
arch pass by.        k; -_•    ■
• Being poor, they liad been unable to.
purchase places" and had to remain In
their positions ori the curbstones all
. Amused by Spectacle
Was-it the love of their king which
prompted them to undergo, this long
and weary vigil;, or was 'it some instinct of' the past which* aroused ln
them a desire to see a Tangible relic
of.the»history of bygone days when
kings were thus wont to impress on an
ignorant people the undisputed, power
of an absolute monarchy?--" ° .., _
I looked down at them and tried to
fee. as th"ey=,d!d. I think that they
were more amused than Impressed by
this spectacle of bygone, greatness.
Education • has made them  realize
and : appreciate .their power7_.Ev.-ary
.   .               1     ,       1     .     » Ma.
.La      ,AA.tj      »«>V     .'«_W     W»»     **_,0,#»**-*
last man of them knew that, if a bad
and corrupt king were to arise, one
who neglected the interests of the people, he!, would be removed from the
throno and a republic "proclaimed
throughout the land,     ,
..'   7    .... Bands Attract
It seemed to me that the poor watchers in the .street showed .far1 more
interest and enthusiasm for the bands
with, their .music than they actually
displayed-when the king himself appeared. ,
A great majority were men and women earning their bread by, the Bweat
of their brows. Many, surely) wero
iri want for tho necessities of life;
thoir garments and their faces told
the truth.
Did not vast numbers of them feel
as I did, that it would havo beon better
to have spent less gold on this occasion and that it would havo been more
fitting had,thoir king and queen,gone
ln a simple way to the.oid abbey, together to approach tho altar and beseech tho blessing of God Almighty upon their reign?
' Money Comas From Workers
Though the king has the power to
resurrect this magnificent pageant, bo-
longing to another time, anothor age,
and anothor less brilliant porlod of
reason, tho people of England to-day
know tbat tho monoy for such a display
cornea from them and from their work.
Tbo people, I think, folt "Our king
comes from a long lino of kings, hon*
ored and dishonored, a line centuries
old; yot it Ib we, the pooplo, who koop
him king/'
And bo oviJr tho world today in all
nations, the tbralldom of monarchy Is
They Are Mora Powerful
Tho peoplo aro understanding thnt nil
powor—_von tho powor which aoroo-
times oppreaaeu thom—cotneB from
thom, nnd thnt thoy, working together,
are moro powerful than any king In
the world.
♦..♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦ ♦*♦♦♦♦
♦ "'.-• *,     ♦
♦ : COAL  CREEK  BY   174        •#>
♦'-' " ♦
♦ ♦.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
. Football—Coal Creek vs. Coleman
First Round Mutz Cup
The holders'of the Mutz Cup an-v-
ed here- with; a very strong team,
their intention being to.hold on to tne
i-*_.p for another year, but -hey did
hot know the Coal Creek Team, wnose
war cry Is "Down,' down, they go with
easy grace," and down, they did go.
Coal Creek, outclassing the Coleman
team in all departments, It was a
a pity to see the way our old go? I
keeper* Sammy McDonald tried to I'eep
out the famous C. C. team wben Pilk-
Ington sent In a shot that found the
Half-time arrived shortly after with
Coal" Creek 1, Coleman 0. . After lemons Coleman- resumed and pressed
Coal Creek for a short time, but they
could, not got by Hesketh and Oakley.
Coal Creek went * down ^the field and
kept the Coleman boys busy defending
for some time, but could not score.
At last Hartwell received and" sent to
Johnson, who was playing outside left
at this time; Johnson sent in a beauty
to Sammy which found the net. Sammy declaring afterwards that he never
saw' it coining, but found, the ball in
the net. Shortly afterwards the
whiBtle sounded. _ Final score: Coal
Creek/ 2; Coleman, 0. ,
The Coal'Creek line-up,was as follows. .Thos. Barnes; goal. P. Hesketh,
T Oakley, backs; J. Yuill, W. Parnell,
R. Johnson, halves; G. Booth, Pilking-
ton,- Manning, Jas. Ban-, Hartwell, forwards. The Coal Creek boys played a
good game'right through and^deserved
their victory. Our veteran, R. Johnson > played as good as ever, and if
they play the same against Michel on
August 12th, down they, are ' sure to
go. „ The Creek boys intend capturing
the, Mutz Cup' this season.
, "The C, C. Mascot, In his suit" of
red'and, white caused'all sorts of fun
for the kids up here all day long.
^ Who /likes mutton chops and 'spice,
ask Paddy, Jimmy or Charlie.. - _,
" William Adams was visiting'friends
at Hosiner,this week.""'> *
.if. Mr arid Mrs. Steve Lawson and faml-
ly, of1-Hosmer, were v|siting__Mr_ and
Mrs. Jas. MaddiBon up here last Sun
day.    ,,  yr
■ Mr/ Huntington, of Fernie,' paid a
business visit up here on Wednesday.
-.-Mr. Thos. Duncan,'of Passburg, accompanied by his mother, were visit-
ing Mrs. Graham and Mrs. .Crabb on
, George Barton ,of Fernie, was seen
.driving his fine pair, of bays through
our orange groves on'Wednesday even
Ing.     iu . ' -   '
Born at Coal' Creek on Friday, July
14th, to Mr and Mrs. Alf. Atkinson,
a fine son..
On Wednesday, July'_!)th, to Mr and
Mrs. H. Mlard, a fine son and heir,
Mr. J, L. Gates and Geo. Pedlar, of
Fornio, .and Robt. Fairclough, spent
last week end up at-Martln Creek fishing.        .
Quite, a bunch of Creekites are
spending thoir tlmo fishing nnd some
flno catches are coming in overy day.
Mr and Mrs, Joseph Blakemore, of
Cokato, wero visiting friends up here
this week,
MIbb Edith Langdon returned homo
on Wednesday and reports having
spent a very enjoyable time at Elko.
Mr, G. E, Oliver, late of Mlchol, arrived up hero on Thursday to tako
ovor tho management of the Trites-
Wood storo,
Mr. II. Robb, who hns boen up hore
for about four years it going to Michel to tako charge of the Trites-Wood
store down thoro, succeeding Mr, E,
Stewart, who is coming to Fernie,
District Doard Member, J. E, Hmlth,
paid a bUMlueaa visit to Hoamor on
Frank Launder*, a fire boas ln No.
2 mine, sprained hlmsolf Internally
n few weeka ago, wna forced to go
down (o the hoapltal on Monday,
where be la now undergoing treatment for anmo. Wo hopo to hear
of hia apoed/' recovory,
• l-^Wt     frW
the 9,\x\\er\x\Xe\y*ienX nt rrcnnrtltcn 0*>
vernment Annul! lea, Ottnwa, to whom
letters ro free of portage.
. By Troutbaek
Alex Campbell and too. of Taber,
are spending a few day* at CreVs
Neat, a O.
MI*tM*» t* T. end . T,. Van Warrotr.,
of Fond du Lac,"Wll, were here on
Friday, accompanied by Meeire M. O.
aed 15. B. IPeek, or Uthbridfe.
Mr. A. CortU, oC ramie. «n la lows
V/ednettd*f loekfag after the UUr-Mta
ef the W. C W_ Comwer.
Don Cafe,'lit* ProvlnciaJ Firs War-
At the lait regular meetlmt of tacal
4St Bellevue, a resolution waa unanimously carried tbat Arthur Amos be
expelled from tbe orcanlullon for refusing to ceaae working for tbe com
pany when or_«r«-t tn do *o hy tho
Local. All tbe other «nle» men, and
let it be auld 'to their credit, some
•three or four non-union men, came out
at our bidding, wblcb geea to shew
tbat tbe nan wbo paye hia dupe ia
net always made of ae good s atnH ae
tbe feltaw wbe **.**» ne. tbat I* at
tlmee tike* th.  prrnumf,
Canmoro ta necessarily pretty quiet
Just mow, Wltb lhe commencement
of the strike a largo proportion of tho
ponulstlon Wf thr* town Thnm* n*-
malnlng are filling in their time fishing or repairing their dwellnga.
, Owing probably to the uncertainty
of the tenancy of lots situated on ibe
coal company's property, a good many
of our foreign brethren are taking ut)
building lots oo the township sldo of
the river.
Several new houses are in course of
Tbe Oskaloosa Hotel was closed
down July IsL The painters ere
busy putting tbe finishing touch*, on
the "Canmore." Wben completed tbe
addition aud repairs will make a great
Improvement on tbe old dump.
Several partie* hare visited tbe
Spray Lakes this season. Hnghle snd
rentes Smith have Just returned from
a trip; also Johnny Jackson, who took
nnt a nmti)l party.
flint* a Calgary journal described
Ily Baron D'Hatournellea de Conatant,
French Diplomat
Not a f*w ewnlfl nre boenmlnr
greatly alarmed at the progress of the
feminist movement—-that la, people of
a certain type. They apeak of It wltb
tbe same acorn tbat their fathers
spoko forty years ago of social reforms, of modem muilc and of dlrifri
ble balloons,
Tbo scoffers will soon change their
attitude. To defend the cause of women is to serve the cause of place.
Bvery tradition of tyranny la bound
up hi and falls back upon the Domination of women, ta ao far o_ man
renounces these traditions of demina*
Uou, wuuuu breathe* freely iuul tbe
standard of society is raised.
Tbe fact that wceaea Is week -See*
not In itself explain why she Is not
properly treated, Man is not at bad
ss all tbat. .ttd, la aay «»«v somas
bos other wen pons «t4 poworfUI (a
force* with which to oppose htet,
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
,   Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
1 ■ L
Hazelwood Buttermilk
 .—j _
i i   ■ i i f*    '
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B. C.       Phone 34
.       **
W. H. Murr   -   Prop.
Your Architect
can give you an idea of what
you have In mind for that new
house of yours,* but he
May Plan a House
that costs doublo what you want
to expend. We have figured out
To Suit Your Pocket
and give you a beautiful homo
at, low figureu. You'll save
money buying a house of us, ■
."It will do you good, and besides it
Isn't alwayB you're invited to test a
superior brand like this.'
There's no gainsaying but what the
*•  .   *       .   *- **        .
sold here is a genuine builder up of ■
the system.   Claret punches or sherry
-cobblers made from wine sold here are   '
simply irresistable. 'For all kinds of
wine buy from':us.        ■ ■_   ""   j *
Fernie. B.C. 7 *•
Insurance    Real Estate
Printer's Ink
When uied oa good preties and
neatly displayed type (or your ttarion**
try is valuable. We hnyu eiety
facility for doing the b-st of job -wojk.
and at a minimum price.
T. W. Davies
•v . i, >*
j ■
A-flf-ant   Vcrnt*   Branch
I pellatt   Ave.   Nortli i
Tho Mexican congreaa Is conaldcrlnK
a bill to oitnbllih a achnol for the coal
minora of that republic. A t**.'ho***l a"d
oxpnrlm-unt itntlon aro to bo combined
if tive bill becoraee a law, tnatructlon
bolnpt Riven In (lie handllnr nf . xnl-vl
alvea, to that tbe miner cannot only
protect hltnaolf, but avoid endangering
tbe live* of bla fellow workmen, a*
ii til tm cnablta* him to guard the
tnternata of hia emplojjera. All who
wUh to make a profeialon of eoal min-
ln« win be given Instruction. Tbe
experimental atatlon will work out
tbe problema auRffeated by the ownera
and operetora of eoal tnin-M.
Beware of Ointment* for Cetarrh
that Contain Mercury,
M tumrr WUI MfHr i**tr** t%* ***** tt mm*
«ai tonti.mr **n«r* IM **kai* *r*m *uu
taurmi n lUMUrk \m mbMui awtlaata. Hutti
annua HmnM M-wr a* um *t**a* m a-mnp-
i*_m tm* ffi«uM* tkrftMuuL u u* a*m*t* u»r
wm *o tt v» Ml »• um f Mit rn mm pamnet aril** tram %****. tltu** C*t*n* *AtM>, exaaat*tiat*t
%r r. i r*m*r * o*. _*«**, o. nautai a* tnrr-
tarr, ta* * utM mwmNp, attma entrer _«•
tk« W*o4 m4 mtam ******* at ut» ««__ t*
t«r*M*r H*ua nxurra tv* m m m* m* tea
a******, u i* ut** tattiaaatr aa* ***** h YcM*
*mM it l-VftMUU.   fr**. it* **, e**oa.
i»u uantamar na* tm m*mOm%.
New Michel
& Blairmore . -A.**- -*  «  *■
*. ._•**. ... -
■* ,."_**' -
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-r" '7*      .-   ."  <   _.      *W-V"      "•" . 7'"-'-.-:'-'-,■*-  "V-V-",' ..;..  "*-> :*7-7*;*. ;,-*7. --'/", * .->   •     ..-,  _  -,.7;
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Ev ¥.»¥¥»*»»¥¥ yvv¥¥¥¥¥¥¥*¥¥¥*¥ ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥-V¥V¥¥¥¥*y¥¥¥^¥¥,¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥**«-
.By Michael Dodd
,   In contemplating tbe uses of coal
and the history "of coal mining, I am
-driven very forcibly, to the conclusion
,that this invaluable, and exhaustible,
, commodity has probably been handled
_a a fashion more extravagant    and
• wasteful than '-has/any other article
of the world's great natural wealth.
Goal has often been mined by me-
,' thods which have - given little heed
to the future.; the economy and the
profit of the .moment were the only con
alderations.     Secondary seams have
'been sacrificed by the adopted mode
of working the best,one,' so that in
almost every coalfield there are left
* behind  millions  of  tons of  valuable
fuol which It will never bo possible to
reach again.
' In consumption, too. there has often
. been a measure of ignorance and Indifference such that an infinitely greater tonnage of fuel was constantly being used than waB justified by., the
amount of work got out of lt. Probably this 'was evinced more at the
coal mines themselves than anywhere
else. In my young days it was estimated tbat a .colliery might be ex-
', pocted to consume in Its own boilers
about 10 per cent of-its total product.     But in less,than a generation
,an enormous,.chango has come about.
I Scientific education, the wider study
of all economic problems,* the' improv-
' ed mental equipment of engineers and
of business men, the. advance of dis*
covery, .the crying demand for    the
. cheapening of the cost of power, have
all contributed to bring about this
change. The engineer of to-day is
never worth his place unless he knows
i a great deal more about the character
the source, and the cost of his power
supplies than the colleges were in the
habit of teaching five and     twenty
1 years ago.
That which-.prompted me to bring
forward these few notes was one of
,' the questions put, to, a candidate at a
recent examination for mine manager's certificates. ,The question was
the., eminently, practical one:  "If you
"were called upon to make a contract
.   for supplies of coal, how would you set
' about It?",    *   ' - %
And this question shall be borne in
I mind*.in subsequent remarks.        - **-*
~   _SwIngn5ut~lTuch"niuestions~ as* OfP
gin ot coal, the distribution of it, and
■. the mining of it, I propose to discuss—
. (i) its composition, (2) the different
classifications, (3) the uses of the different sorts, (4) the question of selection.
(1) Composition—Without going in-
. to the question of ultimate analysis,
as being outside the scope of a purely
practical paper, the composition of
coal may be put down as consisting
of volatile hydrocarbons,   fixed   3ar-*
'I bon, sulphur, ash, water, The,first
threo of theso represent the combustible portion, sulphur being invariably
,• present as pyrlte. In small propor
tion, up to 1 por cent., the presence of
■sulphur may be of little consequence,
but If this limit be exceeded, the sulphur Is a source both of trouble and
, danger; troublo bocauso given the pre:
sonce of somo Impurities, and danger,
becauso of the tendency to-spontaneous combustion. , Fires, both ln the
bold, aud In the bunkers,'have all too
frequently occurrod In flea-going yes-
Water.—All coals contain a small
proportion of wator, both free and In
chemical combination, As a rulo,
deeper soainB contain less water than
shallower ones; nnd gonorally, nlso
tho older tho geological formation from
which tho coul Is produced, the Rmnlic-r
tho porcontngo. To both thono rules,
however, exceptions aro common.
The offoct of molsturo lu the coal is
elmply to cut down, by whatever proportion may be present, tho total per
centngo of combuntlblo— Indeed, tho of.
foot Is slightly moro thnn this, because
a littlo of the combustible In uhimI up
In nvnporatlng tho molsturo.
The ash represent., tho total of the
solid Incombustible cor'_.tlti.ontH nf tbo
conl. No coul Is entirely free of nsh,
thoiiRli somo como vory -nonr to perfection In thla rent-toot, for analysis of
llrltlHh coalH with ho littlo as 2 por
■ cent are by no monnH uncommon. Yot
tho moHt wondorful Maniple wliich liafl
como to my notico wna of South African production; It was a bit of freak
ronl from thn Karoo, whirl, '•oi.lnlno.l
only 2 por r*. nt of ash.
With nol moro thnu 1 por rr-nt. sulphur in tho coal It may ftrifcly bo carried ovonw-n; 2 per font Is n dlHllnclly
(InriRoroiiH fl-furo; i.i, per cent would
Hlvo pntifio to a buyer.        ' t
.  I *l «*■■*.*. I (••*.*. In •A       Alt   i .><,■",.f..„•.!.nm.  IKf
II mnl nro bawd on tho snmo prlnolfilo.
I.e., on the rolatlvo proportion!, of volntllo Rosea nnd fixed enrbon. No two
two authorities nttreo In their classlfi-
rntion, but a slmplo method Is lo write
1bo nor*}* down nn'.
Highly fj|(t.]i_fi.oi.H, 40 per cent niul
upwards of volatile* .
DltumlnoiiH, 18 to 40 por ront and up
wards of volatile*.
Sult-bltuminoim, 12 to 18 por cent,
and upward* of volatile***..
Anlhrac-lto, Wim. than 12 p**r cont and
upwarda of volatlles.
The eoal known as cnnncl nnd some
ga* coal*, ari\ ot t'iio tlmt named.
HouRoboM co*l, a-Tordlnu to "ta#K»,"
may bo chown from any of ihe four.
Coking coal may bo either of tho
fir-iit or aecond, whit*t ateam roal of
lti<. taw*. u*_.(ul ijualUy billon** io the
•econd and third claaa.
,    The Uses of Coal
(1) For.Gas Making.^-The introduc-
tion of electricity as an illuminant has
made a' vast difference to the consumption of coal gas; still in Europe,
and especially in Britain .there is an
enormous production of gas both for
lighting and heating. '* The most' suitable coal for the manufacture of gas
is one which is high' in volatile hydrocarbons, and in which'the relative contents of the various gases are such
that the, gas produced will be high in
illuminating power. . A high class can-
nel coal, with volatile. contents of
probably 45 per cent will yield 13,500
cubic feet of gas per long ton, of illuminating power of 36 candles; a good
Durham gas coal, volatlles 35 per cent,
about 12,500 cubic feet, and illuminating power of 16 candles. Selected
Wltbank District coal, with 33 per
cent of volatlles, gives over 11,000
feet per ton, and an illuminating power of slightly over 14. The long ton
ls here meant, as it is the British
standard.       .;
For Coking.—In the selection, of
coal for the purpose of coke making,
it would appear reasonable to assume
that with'tho scientific knowledge of
to-day, an expert ought to.be able to
put his hand on analyses of coal and
declare off-hand which were or were
not suitable for coke making"; but this
does not seem possible Some of the
best British cokes are made from, coal
whose volatile contents exceed 30 per
cent, while some of the best American
are from coal .whose • volatlles fall
short of 24 per cent. There are unexplained mechanical or structural differences in coals'of similar chemical
composition, such that, while one of
these* coals will: produce an admirable
coke, another will not do so, failing,
it may*be, to give either cohesion,
hardness, or-porosity, each of which
qualities is an essential of good coke.
In addition, a good coking coal must
be low In ash and 'sulphur contents.
Steaim Coal.-—It is;~ifrthis country,
to a very small extent only, that we
are interested in the" manufacture of
gas or coke. Coal to us is important
only as fuel used in the generation of
power.'* This phase of - the .subject
calls, therefore, for more detailed consideration. For' use in steam boilers
we seek, ofcourse, to get full advantage of all the combustible,, contents
-._, '.-..{■ ^.^f-vi-^'^jr- _. •••
1 ____*'i_r I   Bk I-_0*V
__   Rff   tl   __ 1  __T
#_ (____ 'I   £r__t H  im
_&s& W\ 1 B^l  _7_
ar^—ta a  ^_   B * ■   \»   *aafi.
are' 29.per cent, while giving a calori
tic of 13 percent." --.'-■-'     ""    '    ,
,Anthracite.—The .world's- supply". of
anthracite "is comparatively limited iiri
comparison with the abundance" of bituminous sorts, yet'the occurrences are
far from being unimportant This class
of coal is extensively, used in the large"
towns of-Europe ,and America because
of Its.smokelessness. - It is used for
steam frequently' enough when ils
cheapness, as compared with other
coals, is such to justify the provision
of forced draught to aid combustion,
whilst it is of great service to ihe
suction gas engines, which have come
to the fore so rapidly during the past
decade.     ,   ,      •
At the present moment the* makers
of suction gas engines ask for a coal
containing not more than 10 per cent
of volatile matter, though there ls little
doubt that they will succeed in adapting their generating plants to the use
of bituminous coal. As yet it would
appear that the tar generated In the
fusion of this latter class of coal calls
for too frequent stoppages for cleaning, and and excess of hydrocarbon
gases in the explosive mixture' increases the danger of pre-lgnitlon. - ,;
Calorific Value.—I* must now. refer
to a -point In reference especially to
steam coal which, perhaps, ' should
have received notice at an earlier
stage in,my notes, i.e., the estimation
of the relative heating power of coals.
This is usually spoken.of as "calorific
value,",and calorific value means the
number of units of water a similar
unit of coal will convert' from, boiling
point "into steam." Thus, when the
calorific value of a coal is said to be
12, we understand that one pound of
such coal, will, in the laboratory under
ideal conditions, convert 12 lbs. of
water into steam,' after it has first
been heated to boiling point. The
instrument' by means of which such a
;*£__!*_, !.-i
-_     •> -i    .       i nil -        -^
'*-. Office: Johnson-Faulkner,Block;? >
Hours 9-12; i-6; >-".- ■ ,-". '•_.-Phone 72
B. C.
of~our coal. ^hethw7in7_tlieT"form „of
volatile hydrocarbons or fixed carbons.
In the process of burning, the fixed
carbon remains on the fire grate until
■a ,     I ,     , ,
it is consumed, so that, roughly speaking, all the value is. extracted therefrom. The volatile gases, on the other hand, are set free by the heat, of
the fire, and immediately start off for
the smoko stack, and In' every case a
proportion-escapes. The gases are
elusive, and some power thus escapes.
At first lt would appear from this that
tho groater the proportion of fixed
carbon In your combustible the more
economical the coal. Given a forced
draught and an excessive grate area
this, in certain circumstances holds
good. But under ordinary conditions
of firing, non-volatile or nnthrncltlc
coal burns so slowly as to render lt
impossible to get out of the boiler
tho amount of work which ought to bo
oxpoctod. A coal, therefore, for steam
purposes should bo ono which contains
a sufficient proportion of hydrbcarbons
to give flame onough to burn tho
wholo with such rapidity as to get tho
bost work out of tho bollor, and yot a
proportion sufficiently low to provent
undue loss of combustible by the chim
noy. Tho vital question ln dotermln
lug this ls. "What Is tho porcontngo
of volatlles ln tho befit and moat, econ
omical steam conl?" Tho question is
not" any easy ono to answer,' bocauso
tho flguro must, naturally, vary with
varying conditions. Tho stronger
the fluo,* draught tho Iohb assistance
does tho furnace need In tho Bhapo of
Bases. Tho hlghor tho porcontnRo of
ash In tho coal tho greater tho nood
for flame to hnstcn combustion, Tlie
so-callod BmokoloBH coals of South
Wales contain 10 por cont or 11 por
cont of volntllo, but thoso In consumption call for a npoclnl draught.
Wolah coalH aro bent for Htonm pur-
poHOB, under ordinary conditions of
firing, when they contain from IH to
17 por cont of volatile, but such coals
will contain probably from 2 per cent
to C por cont-only of aHh. Natal yonta
contain from fl por cont to 12 por cont
of nub, and probably the hoHt atonni
prnducora amongst thom nrn thono
which contain from 18 por cont to 21
por cent, of volntllo. AmoitKHt Trniia-
vnnl fools we find thnt tho bont Wit-
bnnlc main contain from 1.1 por cont,
lo in por cont of neh,   Thono In con*
,,... i .*, r^tw r>   .>.....«  t,r    r—'irirti   .    In   .!,.■      ll,,-
. . . ,.-
hont ronulti*, -ivhon -tho volntllo ronton It*,
nro from 22 por cont to 21 por ront. If
wo recoKtilzo IIioho flgurea nH bolng
approximately reliable, a very natural
enquiry Is how much we Hhould wrlto
Mown tbo vnbio nf n ermX tnr ntoitn
purpuMCH bocnuan It contains a hlRher
por-r-ontnfiA of volatile!, than the flguro which In coimltlerod to lw* the mont
nroriomlcnl? Thin Ih hard to answer,
Blnco the roply doponds ao much on
othor question-., na. for InHtnnce: Are
tln« tK)\U*r« band tiredT What Ir tho
spnro botwoon -lho bant nnd tho bollor
i-holl? Hut rith tho nvoniRe bollor
plants In ono on tbe Hnnd in mind,
l thould Ik. dI*i<oa*_I to hazard the
opinion that aa good results may be
cxpi-cled from a Wltbunk District coal
whokft percentage of volatile la tt,
Hhti wliiw*. <>.i._.r.<i<. vh1»« \n I'i . per
rent., as one whose volatile contents
test is made is called a calorimeter.
- _** ~
Of course there are- several ln use, of
which the .best is the "Mahler Bomb,"
the siandard instrument in use on the
Rand. .   Another form.of> expressing
tne calorific value of a coal is in teru_s
of tbe "British thermal unit"     The
value  of  a  coal   in-' British  thermal
units is'the number of units of water
wliich,one unit of coal will heat from
6rt • degrees to 61 .degrees Fahr.   The
number df British  thermal  units  in
arrived at by' multiplying the calorific
/    - •  .       -     y
centage of ash than that specified   in
his contract, while he Is debited in the
case" of any excess. Credits and debits are calculated on a definitely fixed scale. When,bituminous coal Is
purchased, the, coal is rated on the
ash.factor, plus calorific value, and'ln
such* cases it Is specified that the percentage; of volatile contents shall hot
exceed a certain fixed figure. .* Such
conditions appear sound, and are certainly effective, but they strike one as
very, elaborate, involving^ labor"and
expense which, would only, be Justified
ln the case of very large purchases.
, , It Is an easy and inexpensive matter
to,ascertain calorific value, while.-an
analysis is a much more cumbersome
piece of work.-. ,     .       •
Too much stress cannot be laid on
the importance of'correct sampling of
coal if reliable results are sought for,
I have-known" coal 'sampled by one
man to be tested to a'calorific of under
*;     DR.*J. BARBER,.DENTIST'■■"
--. :     ■ ,,, '    -,    " '-• / •"*,  v.   7* - •
~ Qfflce Henderson'Block, Fernie B.C,
.. Hours 9 to 1; 2 to' B;,jS to 8. -
."'   •''>•* it. ... v*7 - ."■ -",--1 *"'■''
.Residence 21 .Viotoria'Ave. 7--
i.  .
W. R. Ross K. C.
-. VV. S. Lane
Barristers and Solicitors
Jl,, while a sample of the same bulk,
taken by another hand has shown 12-5.
The rough and ready way of sampling is to pick up a chunk of coal, good
or indifferent, according to the result
desired, and send that to the laboratory. A te'st'of.a sample so taken,,1s
valueless. Sampling , must be done
by taking from the* various,parts'bf a
heap a large number of small portions,
and the aggregate of'these should be
carefully mixed, crushed and quartered down if sound results are sought
for. "'7 , v. .".,,"„.. ,, . •
, As*a.dissertation*'on coal, the foregoing is very incomplete and scrappy.
The.object bas been to give prominence only to some of the main practJ-',
cal factors, which are worthy, of note
In the consumption of coal, and especially in consumption for the generation
of steam.—The Science and Art, of
Mining. ;. V      ' '     -    - -'
'  - n. - '
Fernie, B. C.
WKererLife is{ Cheap
V\ P. Eckateln
D. E, MoTaggart
Cox Street
Fernie. B. C.
F. C.' Lawe -.■' .     ->   Alex. I. Flaher
1» i, *.    i * ~ ' * '
, . ■    '  -'.-   ATTORNEYS. •
Perhaps no other class of -wage
workers are confronted with the great
risks-of -life1*,as the American coal
miners.''"  '- . .    '
According td official figures furnished by'the United ' States Department
of Commerce and Labor, the percentage of miners-injured or killed is
greater in'the United States than*,in
any other' country on the face of .the
earth? 'We -read in the "Bulletin of
the Bureau of Labor" (No. 90,- Septem-
ber,"1910Vjpage-615): x "■■■■. '-_■[,'
"The^risk factor of this industry
is1 only, approximately indicated" by "an
average fatality rate of 3.11 per' 1000
for, the twenty, years ending with 1908,
but--the true"degree of hazard is-clear-
value'by 966—the.fig'.ue which re;
presents the latent heat of steam,
i 1 he calorific value of a coal is, of
course, its heating power under, ideal
conditions, I.e., its theoretical power.
That which is obtained from it in actual boiler practice is a different matter. This latter—the percentage, of
efficiency—depends on the character
of the boiler plant, and on the amount
of care displayed in the management
of it. There are mine plants ori the
Rand to-day which do not probably
give more than 45 per cent efficiency,
whilo others do as much' as 60 per cent.
In South African railway practice a
figure of 55 per cent, of three or four
years ago has improved, In the newer
locomotives,,to over 60 per cent. , In
the. more modorn and best equipped
stationary boilers 70 per cent has certainly been loft behind; and with the
most approved' methods of mechanical
stoking it Is claimed for some plants
that tho high figure of 80 per cent,
is now being attained..
This brings us to tho consideration
of tho very interesting quostion referred to earllod In this article, I. o„
tho question which was set in the
chemistry papor nt a recent examination for mlno manager's cortlflcatos;
"If you were called upon to mako a
contract for coal, how would yon-sol,
about It?" Tho following suggests Itself as a practical sort of roply, viz,:
1. Call for tondors to bo accompanied by cortlflcatos of analysis and calorific value.
2. Rulo out such tenders nH are
manlfOHtly unsuitable, either from ox*
cohbIvo price or known unsuItnblllLy nf
tho coal offorod,'
3. Having reduced tho choice to two
or threo, havo these carefully samplod
nnd the mtmplGH analysed and tented
for cnloriflc valuo.   •
4 Dccldo on purchnHlni; tho coal
which kIvoh Its heat unit nt tho lowest
cost, provided:
(a) It (Iooh not cllnkor,
(b) It Ir neither too hl_.h nor too low
In volatile contcntH.
,   (c) It  Ih uniformly well Hopnrated
and clean.
Naturally, the contract subsequently
entered Into mitBt provldo securities
for the duo delivery of coal of Bample
The United fltoton flovorninont buyn
n lnrgo tonnage of fuol.     Somo tlmo
.1 .      I      I     i M   . .       t .
rt(,*^ .t".   ....... -.l.   t _ _,jj<.*.,,_....c _»!.|/.y4,_ii.1
ft tvpoc\t\\ fommlttoo of rNprvtr for thr*
purpose of InylnR down on a scientific
I.iShIb tho,conditions of purchase A
bulletin Iiiih been puhllnliod explaining
tho conditions which havo been ndopt*
r_1      .fifl   tl'il-*.-!   ftfsrtt'xIh<i   ffM-rir*   i-»/%i*ir  Ir**)/!***
o-Ulng Information. Doth nnthrncltlc
and bituminous ronln nro purc.in.icd,
In iho cai-o of anthracite, purchnR_*
era mnde on thri hnsls of tho percentage of neh contained in tho dry conl,
which menus tbat nil molsturo Is
drivon o(( boforo tho tost Is mado. A
tender hnvlng boon nccopted, aamplinB
Is syat-finnilonlly rnrrlod out by a responsible official. , Tho nam pica taken
nre In quantities, of not losi than J00
Iba., nnd thono are carefully quartered
down for analysis. Payments for the
coal aro mndo on the reault of tht+e
ftn*ty-_M,*/ rro-lli bolng k. ven D\o »up-
plfer If bla ronl ahowa A lower por-
ly^brougfi-^utTby-the "analysis of the
returns for the.several states, mining
districts, i and „ particular occupational
in . some,.(of. .which the fatality. rate
attains ;JO;..,almoBt,, incredible proportions.. Compared with other,Important
coal mining countrlos of the world,1
the fatality1 rate in' North America Is
decidedly vhlgher, -or, for illustration,
3.13 per 100 for the decade ending
with 1900, against 1.29 per 100 for.he
United Kingdom, 1.35 for Austria, 1.81
for France,.and 2.13 for Prussia.
* "This contrast, in the fatality rate
reflects seriously upon American mining methods and conditions, more or
less' responsible, for the occurrence of
accldents.whlch," by every standard of
conservative , mining, , are largely
though not entirely preventable. The
analysis by causes draws attention to
conditions which'are clearly traceable
to,>, indifference and noglect in mining
methods, as well as to,a general disregard of the lessons of past experience. ,
"The appalling loss of life Is Inadequately measured by the mora than 40.-
000 deaths officially reported to have
been caused by'coal mining accidents
In North America, for ln addition to
those thoro haB boon a vast amount
of bodily Injury through nccldonts, not
Immodlntoly fatal, but many of which,
unquestionably havo diminished tho
normnl aftor lifetime of mine employ-
oob by many years."
During the twonty yonrs, 1889 to
1908, tho number of fatal accidents
In North American coal mines Ih officially roportod aH follows;
Rato por
of employes
1889   .
..  278,301
1800  .
.. ..00,0*14
1801   .
.. 1125,565
1802  .
.. .142,106
189.1  .
,.  382,848
181M   .
..  392,301
1895   .
.. '402,309
1806  .
..  409,320
1807   .
..  407,493
1898  ,
.. 405,177
1899   .
..  420,111
1900  .
..  401,850
' 1,501
1901   .
,.   -192,120
11102  .
..  528,680
litO'l   .
..  574,210
1WM   ,
..  606,400
i our, ,
..  611,044
(\r,a tort
n nn?
i in
1 fH 17   .
..  683,725
WOK   .
..  712,209
I8_0-H»0S 9,422,(102
Kvon Japan, the land of coolie labor,
bn«   'i   1nir_ii>  rntri  nf   .n.M   nricilflfitiln   f.i
mines than the United States; Japan
takes second plnco, with 3.09 pnjr
It Ih nlso Interesting to noto tliat tho
BtntoK whero tho Unitod Mlno Workers
of America has the weakest organization show tho hlgheat rate of fatal nc-
rldontB. Thla ia algnlflennt, boenuao
It In nn unanswerable argument, ng-
ftlnm tho "Open Shop" anarchtot of the
rn liens' Alliance and'Manufacturer*.
W« find that of tho 2,723 faUl accl-
d»nt« reported from North American
ion! mlnoH (l-nttod Htatea and Canada) the Htnto of Virginia contribut
ed 625 or almost one-fourth.'- The rate
per,, thousand for Virginia was 10.3 iri
1808, "and the average, rate per1 thousand for ,the ten years, 1889-1908, was
5.02, increasing from 3,5 in 1889 to 10.3
in 1908.  ',. ;, ',"•'     , ;    "
"-", These -horrible conditions should attract , the careful attention ' of every
organized wage worker throughout the
land, and every true friend of humanity should get aroused to action.'and
support the labor moveinerit .that is
trying to' bring about a stop, to this industrial' system of wholesale murder.
-'_.- • - ., ,i i. -. . ■ ■
, ,The above statistical-figures; officially'reported; do by no means include
all' the,.fatalr accidents'. In .the NoVth
_A !••>•*,/*■•■*■■■</it* l***** -nAnl «*»I.*>'«i */ TT*-* _*, A _^w_lr. _
___h-v*/*<. _ vm*i_ vvui unUtoi ****-* JLUUUIOU Of-
thousands of -(accidents are neyerVre-
ported.*-.; Experience ■ shows'. that Jih
many mining catastrophes it Is almost
Impossible to ascertain th'e exact number of-victinfs. ..-,.*. •'."].
According 'to -the above figures,
about -20,000 * coal miners- were- killed
within the last ten years.,, -'-! -■ '■>
* The "Bulletin of the Labor 'Bureau"
also gives the ages'of 2,269 coal minora'killed in 1908,' aa'follows1:-
13. to 14 years'-...',',  ,10
15 to -19 years /    232
* 20 to 24 yeara ............   415
25 to 29' years  ...'...*..'.... '447   -
30 to 34 years    -331 ,
35 to 39 years   .'...'.   300
40 to 44,years ■ 209 ■
45 to 49 years*    145 ,
50 to -54-yearfl ....,'      92
55 to 59 years      52
■  60 to '64 yeara  '.....'.     19
65, toi60 years  *,.....  12
70 to 74 years       • 4'
75 yoars and ovor    •   l
Noto the fact that 1944 out of 2200
victims lost; thoir lives below tho age
of 45 years!   ,
The official report of tho Department of Commerce and Labor com*
monts: u
"It Is oxtromoly significant that
there should bo 10 doaths at agos und
or 15 nnd 232 doatlis nt so early an
uro nf 3 n to 10 years during the coune
or a single year. Similar information
haa not heretofore been made public,
and the table la, therefore, a most uae
ful contribution to the problem of
ohlld labor In Itt relation to child life,"
Evory importnnt nttompt of tho or*
nnl«od mine workers to Improve conditions In nnd nbout tho mlnos Is bit*
torly opposod nnd fought by tho combined operators. Tho question of pro.
lectin*, tho hoalth and life of tho minora la conslderod of Hocondory Import
by tho oporators; firs, of all conisldor*
ntlonfl Is the rato of profit thoy oan
extract from tliolr omployooB.
Now Imaitlno ror a moment lho labor conditions that would nxlat In tho
Amorlcnn mining Holds without tho
ln»t fifteen yeui'B' work of oducntlon
and orgnnlxnllou of the Unitod Mlno
Workors of Amorlcn.
Yot there nro thouannda of poor,
wretched "ulave* of the undorworlil"
who cannot yot concolvo tho benofltB
of affiliation ,*» lth and the absoluto
uoccHHlty ot tho United Mlno WorkorB*
However, conditions aro* such that
aoonor or later these unfortunntes will
bo compelled (o fall in lino with Union
labor. Xnd the name conditions nro
reBponslblo for the growing Sbclaliit
sentiment nmong tho organized minor*
who realize that tho mines should be
tho property of the people, that, thoy
should bo operated by tho people for
tho exclusive benefit of the people.
Not for private-profi., but for the
public good and In parllcnlor for the
prolertlon of Iho health nnd lifo ot
those brave men upon whoso labor the
op-oration bl the mines doponrt.—O, A.
Hothn, in tho St. Louis Labor,
... .   . .   t _ - n-...     _. ,,
delivered \ to-all   ;.
,'.   parts of the ^tbwn , T
'    ' ,, -     7,. ,' -"     "■; -
Sanders  & Verhaest  Brothers.
'"   PRESS—A , NEW  WORLD *;" ;
*. *   By'George Allan England'    .-.'
"**••■ * -        '■• ' -    >** j       * ,! * '  ' 11 ■
*. "Romance is dead," the retrospective
dreamer cries In'one *„ of ,Kipllrig's
greate'r rebirth in'tho steel and stone
of modern civilization^ iri the clang of
metal on track" and "girder," In the roar
and thunder of'the-press./*' And, voiced by some unknown man, whose name
the world has not dlscovWed,-out leaps
a classlc-^eome, few Hundred words—
the epict of' the Zeitgeist, 'the Iliad
of the' World's 'Vast', thought-Btreairi
rushing from uncounted "millions" of
presses in all corners and air climes
of this our world.        - " '   '
i '   ' *"     i x ' I
Who. wrote' this classic?'.',,'PrOta
what fertile brain and througU, what
skilled fingers poured but this Odyssey
of type? ■ Whence, iflsued thla stern,
half-rhythmic poem.of modernity? No
name.' attaches to the rune. One of
tho, world's real poems worthy .o bo
writ In letters of brass, stands unsigned on' an advertising page of ono of
New York's magazines. ,' Upon this
splendid concept I came by chance the
other day, And, in giving lt, so wide
publicity, I ask; -Who wroto It?
Road It now.'' Noto Hho culminating
up-bulld, paragraph,by paragraph, of
the cosmic idea beneath It all, Sense
the'swing, tho ebb and flow of tho motor— the*half-consclotiB Iambic form
which in all tlhios nnd ainong nil poo-
pies has over voiced high pootlc feeling. Fool the majesty of thoso ldoas
thus wedded to.thlt. form. And you
will know, ns I do, that romance still
lives; and thnt Bomowh-.ro among tho
stono and stool of twentieth century
lifo'still "dreams n. poot nnd a prophot
of mankind.'
Here, now, tho poom,
I nm tho printing press, born of tho
mothor onrth. My heart Is of stool,
my limbs oro of Iron and my flngore
nre of brass,
I Blng tho songH of tho world, tho
orntorloH of history, tho aymphonlos of
nil tlmo,
I nm tho voice of todny, tho hornld
of tomorrow.' I"weave Into tho warp
of the past iho woof of the futuro. I
tell tho storlOH of poaco and war alike,
I mako tho human heart beat with
pe,i»lon or tenderness, , I atlr tho
pulse of nations, nnd mnko bravo men
do braver doods, nnd soldlors dio.
I Inspire tho midnight tollor, weary
at his loom, ta' lift, his hend again and
gnzo with fonrlOBRnoas into tho vast bo-
When I 'speak a myriad people lis-
ton to my volco. The Anglo-Saxon,
tho I.ntln, the Coll, tho Hun, tho.SItiv,
tho Hindu, nil comprohond mo,
1 mn the tlroless cliiriori ot the news,
I cry your Joya nnd aorrowa evory
hour.' I fill tho dullard's mind with
thoughts uplifting. I nm llfiht, knowledge nnd powor, I epitomize tho con-
quoat of mind over matter.
I am the record of all thlnsfa men-
kind haa achieved. My offspring
ai.ukJrt lo -you tu the duality*, ulaw,
amid tho dim lamps of poverty, tho
aplendour of riches; at aunrlie, at high
noon nnd In the waning ovoning.
I nm tbo laughtor and tears of the
world, and I shall never die until all
tliltiKM rvlunt to ibe Immutable «lu**.t.
I nm the printing press,
r "■j*****? .■ v* -V'.vv-v *   • * i »,- i • '■
A. MeBougall.Mgr
Manufacturers of and Dealers ih all kinds pf Rough
and Dressed Lumber
- n* -*- * **' * -., • ,.      .    ...
. *      ,.*'■.-'*   ,     ', ,-*
Send usi your orders
Bar Unexcelled-
, All White Help  .
<    Everything.
■/-:, Up-to-ciate      ?.
,Call in and   .
^,   , see us once „
—i   '    '  .  - _  .«f  .       > ■^ '  ' % "
/   ) »   *. *>     **    *     VS ■*   «'   , I •*    '       "        H * f
                    '                                                           V                                                      , 1
.» -.  .*■.'_:■_ ;    ,-...   *'7 :,
, . h
\- *. i
■ 7!
"'    S
' y ;\
. '■■
"' */
r.i' t.-•:.;•».", i" a , in ■-;
..-.;..* y,  *• ;;.   ;.,:-" .
The Hotel of Fernie   ;
Fernie's Leading' Commercial'.
- and Tourist House ; , *;
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First claaa Horses for 8nlo.
Buys Horaea on Commlolon
George Barton    Phone?
Lizard Looat General Teamatera No.
141.   Moota ovory Friday night nt'
8 p, m, MlnorB'  Union Hnjjl.  W.
A Worthlngton,  Prosldatt;' H, J.-
Good, Socrotary.
Bartenders' Local No. D14: Moota 2nd
nnd 4th Sundays nt 2,30 p.m. Secretary 3. A„ amiplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone L<>ca! No, 2314 U, M, W. A.
Meets Snd and -till Thursday Minora
Union hall.    I). Hoon, Sa\
Typographical Union No. BBS' MootB
last Saturday In oach month ht tho
Lodgor Offlco, A. J, Ducltloy, Socrotnry,
UtiJ. .ernie No. IT 6, P. of C. Meet*
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
nt 7.4S p.m. Everybody welcome. I),
Pflton, Hocrothry-Tronauror,
Amalgamated Society Carpentera and
Jolnere:—Moot In Minora Hnll every
nltornato Thursday at 8 o'clock, A.
Ward, Bocrotary. P. O. 807."
United Brotherhood of Carpantara and
Jolnei'a_~*Local U20, D. 3. Hvana,
Preildent; F. II. Shaw, Secretary.
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A i#ll»bl» Fittwh mruUt-Mlatitat telle, Thtte
ty'tU*_ *r« •ic««dlti|.'f powtrtnl lo »*?_r«litli»t th«
f iMftllvt;portion ol Oi« Urn*]* mttte. K*(«im
*_) t>j«j.p imitaiiomi. tlr. de Xaa'a *.« aoln et
M a too*, fitthtt* tot lift. M«l!f(t tn nnr arlrlrr...
IU* ImUU Itrai Co„ ttm. C«lUi*ln«t, Onb
For Sale at Bleasdell. Drug Store, '"-'.»■ ■_- - .-.*.-.■*-
•li '.-
'" {yj, ^yi^y-^JhY^' ;-^> ^""•V.v t'^'V /■
■   ■ i",. y.--.yymr.
■ ■- -r '-'.i-Jm-
- '   -.}'/••.■#
./*.    /'7";N
_ .'-"v^-lr<k
iZ#e jW^A 'sN^^or
*v" A*: ...._*" VENDICARSI; ' *>-** -.._"- ***
Per placere^ Domaido.spiegazioni. ":
■ -."(Primb)"* Delie", - parole • promts©?
(Secondo)■', Perche    questa' . gola" Jdl
I', inqntl non si- conobbe',. prima- di otto
, anni;fa 11 no me'italiano?" Porsl perche
erano. tutti ■ delle. vostre parti .'del sud
d'italia.     Chi lavoro. la. ferrbvia della
CiP;R. se.non la* ,forte"Calabria circa
venti-anni f a e come non, furono como-;
I sciuti"?   A me'' ml- place tutto l'umano
Idel-mondo'i nspeele-'gli'Italian! miei
connazionali senza alcuna'dlfferenza.
(Terzo).   Cosa indendete.,, vol', per
' fede portata daij Vocchi paesi? -','■. Io
, ctfribsco due tenderize*quella clie sple-
gano i'preti e quella che spiega il buon
"5uomo che si crede dl avere .un amlco
mentre. a un tradltore per compagno.
;(Quarto) Gli alberl   si' rlammbllls-
ilcorio. ma non,la came umana?
(Qulnto) Sapete scrlvere?. .''■'
(Sesto) Io, non  sono dl mentlcato
Idlquel che ero ma ml facclo - conos-
(cere dl quel che,sono? -\   7'   '.'".
(Setttmo) La fine, del povero for-
Inaretto dl Vene'zla-spero dl non farla,
itul' asBaltato ma ancora sono salvo.
|M1.,displace .per voi caro Chas. Salmo
Iche avete messo la flrma adunlgnor-
|ante,*arUcolo,simile- so ;sapete "darmi
fisposta cene .niicor<*r"per. ve'rgbgniarvl. ■
•*' Grazie al vostro redattore,
•: ' ,' ". ' - JAMBS'ZORATTL
(Preghiam'o gentilmente- UnSigr.,
Salmo come pure il SIgr. Zoratti che
..erdelicatezza di amministrazlone "nou
|posslamo nelle colonne. del giornale
iare ospltalita.. non*. piu che ad'una
[replica per. fattl'che* hon rlguard.no'
jrbrganizazlbne.*,, Con stima—La ' Re-
lazione.)""   , '., •.-.-*..*
By Sylvanus, Stall
i, In mo field during the past year" has
■human progress been' more marked
[than jh medical discovery and advance
[ment.1 -• If we were to except the dis-
Icovery, ot the circulation of the blood
Iby Harvey (1628), vaccination by. Jen-
\y^\ (1798),* and the* progressive. dis:
jcovery-of anaesthetics-now used _in
[surgery, It could confidently be said
jthat the advance in medical knowledge
[and the practice since, 1879, has been
[greater than the sum total of medical
[knowledge In all the preceding history
I'of the world, for' lt must be remem-
cal'teaching that is more than a een-
^tury.old.. -."• *_"-\- *   .* "-■-,,- ■'   ..-.,*- -_-*"-._
During 1910 It has been made known
I that; Dr. Ehrllch. of Frankfurt, Ger-,
many has discovered a'specific .or; one
hof the worst diseases that human fiesh
[is heir to.  • The remedy Is not only
[-.known by tl\e name, of the discoverer,
i but' also by the name "60.6." ' Dr Enr-
Ijlicii having made 605 experiments prior
to the successful one.     It Is based
I upon the principle of a position that is
i fatal to the parasite, while at the same
time producing; no ,Injurious effect
upon the person. Fifty , years" ago
medical books made no distinction between the two diseases which accompany vice. To-day they are'known to
,bo" as .different in their characteristics
and manifestations as typhoid fever
te from small pox. .Twenty-five years
ago roputablo physicians almost every
whoro refused to treat, except in rare
instances, those infected with thp dl
Booses whlchi accompany vice, and mo-
has disclosed .the fact, tbat the diseases
which accompany ;vice -have*'so thoroughly, permeated "society as to be -almost omnipresent." 7 .■"""-'' _:„ ;-'•_.. ■■"
. *■ The * announcement," therefore] during the" past-year'that Dr. Ehrlicb has
found a specific which is working marvelous results",m_the apparant cure of
that form of venereal'infection-which
might prop'erly,be called the.'leoprosy
of'lust", baa awakened universal; interest".- '.The bright yellow powder, put
up in vacuum-tubes is known1 not only
as "606" but by. the unpronounceable
name ..of Bioxydiamldoarsehqbenzol..
Before,, being injected' under the' skin
into, the muscles "or. Into the'clrcula-
tlon,; this.powder is converted into a
liquid* solution. Dr. Ehrllch has sup*
piled numerous'hospitals In different
paits of the* world with experimental
quantities, several thousand cases have
been treated, and while a few have
died, some have not been--benefited,
and others'have subsequently relapsed,'
yet In a surprisingly large number of
cafees the. changes . which have been
wrought even in a few days by a single injection of "606"- have seemed,
even to the most ardent; advocates of
the new remedy, little less than mar-
vellous.,* .    ,.  ..„   • .    , .   ■*
* The short period .which has elapsed
is ^altogether .inadequate to . estimate
the real value of the new discovery. It
has' already- been 'found that, at' least
during its experimental, stage, persons
whose, vital -'"organs are seriously affected-by'other diseases cannot safely
be(treated for syphlljs with this spe-
clfic'Eveii with, those who. after, treatment seem to .have lost all visible man-,
ifestations bf the disease, it.isimpos-*
sible.to say whether the cure ls permanent " While, all Indications 'seem
to look in that direction, yet judicious
careful physicians remember the results -with remedies whleh promised
similar benefits, where immunity was
followed by the saddest consequences.
In a' few instances .the. Injection
seems to be attended with little physical disturbance, whlie iri ^the'majority
of cases, conditions which awaken the
apprehension of the patient, and some
times also of the physician himself,
may extend over several days : or , a
couple of weeks, arid sometimes even
a longer period. ■. " -, "*- '-..'v...' * -
With. the Intelligent, ■*■*. the' ravages
wrought by this'"disease have always
been; regarded.as the strongest.deter-
What th'e firs, and later effects "of the
knowledge.tbat now a remedy has been
found which seems to. be a specific in
most Instances, is "going to. be upon
.tha^cbriduct of those'.who are riot restrained; by'a strong'moral sense, is a
question of-vital moment and tremendous Importance to all who have at
heart, the,:welfare, of the state, the
security of the home, and the progress
of'the cause of human betterment* •',
' The value of the new discovery is
greatly enhanced by the use ot a serum
which was' discovered months earlier
by Dr..;Wassermann, which enables the
physician to dotermlne the presence of
syphilitic ■ germs. If, - when injected,
the,ex'perlriient,BliowB a "positive reaction,".lt Is an.unmistakable proof of
the presence of the Infection. If' a!
negative reaction ls secured it does
not however prove that the patient Is
froo from Infection, for a second or
third .teBt may subsequently disclose
the presence of tho germ.
The disclosures which are mado by
might herself escape, even if her,child
•■^as.infected in lta Inception;' ;:if; she
herself,, did. not receive, the infection
from ^tjie" child during' the'-period]'of
itajnursing.. The Wassenria_n;'feac-:
*tio"n hasjdiscldsed the fact J-thatVtbe
mother of every infected child'.is lier;
self infected,-even though the disease
may be^atent in her, ihstarice. "..'-, .,
:, What fthese reyelations pfomise>fof
social betterment, during this new;de|
cade upon which' we are, nbw/ehter-
ing. "can; .only be. foretold' by-those
who .reckon with'Hhe fact that thoii-
sandi; of: women all over • thi.'rcouritry
in* the' organizations of .the Women's
Christian Temperance "Union; .woinen's
clubs .-.and other associations,' have
come to know something .of the measure of invalidism, mutilation (and
death, suffered by. innocent, unoffending wives and children by. the^-wlde*-
s, read prevalence bf the.dlsease which
accompany "vice, and who-are-to-day
discussing the subjects of gonorrhea
and syphilis with the same unreserve
which they do when speaking'of chicken-pox or' whooping cough. Theso
women, have, and are more and more
setting "themselves for the protection
ot the.homo against theso awful scourges. Thoy are demanding that tha
facts" be mndo known and the public
be made intelligent. '
. Moro than any other class, It ls the
women who today are beginningr to
raise their voices against the laws
that in most states aro framed solely,
to shield and protect.men who Introduce Infection into their own horiies,
and'who expose the innocent and unoffending at drinking fountains, in restaurants, and indeed in all the ordinary contacts of life.. These women
aro set for the accomplishment1 of such
changes in the laws as will require
the' reporting- of Uie, diseases which
accompanying "vice to the boards of
health, and,the requiring of such precautionary'measures as are now imposed in crises, of'scarlet fever, smallpox and all other contagious diseases.
They are set for the abolition'of the
laws which make it a crime for a physician to disclose even to an. anxious inquiring parent, who seeks to
save a ..daughter from disease and
death through marriage to an infected
man—laws which do nol even allow
a physician to give testimony ln a
court of law'against those Whom he
personally knows to be, diseased.-
Not ,to believe in the accomplishment of all this,5: and more, before the
close of this new decade," is only possible to one who has not-marked what
has been wrought during the first decade of this new century,*-and' who
does not have faith in what the men
of an intelligent public -'will' do, if
riot;for; theiriselves,, nevertheless for
the protection of their homes,-of-their
wives,- and of their sons* and, their
daughters.—Journal., of ' Switchmen's
Union.    ,     • • - * i.  ,. ■
Imperfect Kidney.Action
. ' Causes Rheumatism
IC Rheumatism' with its'kindred';ailments
—lumbago, Wry Neck. Neuralgia', etc.,
usually, results from Modgriients. of uric
add in the joints and muscles. » . », "
-.Now the chief function of the kidneys
.fa to properly filter ihis poisbn from the
blood.':.*..•,.*,  ,-..     ■ .._.t,-:"'-.*a'-     . ....
Only:when they,tail to*do this is
Rheumatism probable. "■,-,..:' .
: .Kidney weakness ■ starts iik'. various"
ways. A sudden chill/after perspiring
freely,.soriietimes settles in the, kidneys
—<x an unusual strain niay;cause it .
"--Poisons which*should-be filtered out'
of tbe system are pumped back into the
■* blood, causing Uric Aad, the real cause
of Rheumatism, Lumbago, Wry Neck,
Neuralgia, etc_ ,.   .*
, 'In the early stages Nyal's Stone Root
Compound will stop it.    ,-
y Will start your kidneys working properly so .that the Uric Acid is reabsorbed
and eliminated.
. .Away goes your Rheumatism with it.,
Perhaps these early warning twinges
have passed'unheeded,-and your Rheumatism has become deep seated.
'Muscles all snarled up In knots as it
were. *,
Then you'U need  Nyal's Rheumatic
Ask your own druggist about tbest
HU opinion fa worth while. *
For Sale ln Fernie and •juaranleed by
Austrian  Factory   is   Producing  Fibre
of\,Great Softness—Birth of
, New,Industry  ''
dlcal books and medical schools taught
'next'to nothing on those subjects. The] tlie use of the Wassermann reaction
■ afflicted were left a. helpless prey to are most, interesting.   At the Instlta
quacks and ImpoBtersI
A revolution In medical toachingt.
nnd practice began In 1870, whon Dr.
Albort • Nolssor, of DroBlau, Gormany,
dlBcbvored tho gorm of gonorrhea,
Slnco.thon, the mloroscopo has. disclosed tho fact that a very large pep
oontago of all tbo surgical operations,
both upon mon and womon, are duo to
this germ, Tho Infection, Instead of
bolng slmplo and easy to cure, has
beeu found to bo not only one of tho
most difficult but nlso ono of thb most
dangerous that afflicts humanity.
Instead of tho modlcnl indifference
of twonty-flyo yonrs ago, ovory com'
potont physician today Ib cotiHtantly on
tho alort In tho trontmont of all claHsno
of dlHonsos and with patients In ovory
grado of society, for tho mlcroBCopo
tion at Mount Hope, near, Baltimore,
there were 263 insane pntientB.,-of
thoBo, a syphilitic history was secured
only In eight cases, Tho Wansbrmann
reaction tost was applied and 80 per
cont of tho remaining numbor who
had ■ deniod all syphilitic infection,
were proved to bo infected. ■,.
In Europe tho Wassermann reaction
tost wan mnde upon a hundrod dissolute wqmen. , Whilo only ono hnd outward mnfnlfOBtnttonB of Infoction nt tho
tlmo of examination, yot It was shown
that from 83 to 80 por cont,wore at
tho tlmo, or had previously boen In*
foe tod,
Tho WflBBormnn reaction Iiiih nl«o
compollcd tho comploto rocnntlng af
tho former modlcnl touching thnt a woman who mnrrlod a man  Infoctod,
7"Following.,the Fur Trails," a.story
of tho far North bf, Interest to every
Canadian, opens the'July number of
Rod and Gun in,Canada, published by
W. '•,.J. -Taylor Ltd., Woodstock, Ont.
In this story Mr. R. J. Fraser, who is
engaged on the Hydrographlc Survey,
relates interesting incidents of the
eight months' stay of the party engaged in survey work ln the neighborhood
of Hudson's Bay and tellB of an attack
upon the Camp by Polar bears. Ho
gives particulars of the fino trapping
in* which tbe party engaged and tho
excellent results of this portion of their
work. .\ Tlio strenuous journey from
Fort Nelson to Winnipeg supplies oxcellont reading. There is much variety in tho other stories, both fishermen
and hunters receiving due attention,
and stories and • experiences from the
far East as well as from tho far West
aro Included. .They hunt on horseback ln British Columbia showing the
difference In the conditions botwoon
thoso prevailing ln that province and
thoso oxlstlng ln Eastern and Contral
Canada. Thoro Is much moro of Interest "to evory sportsmen In this number. It should bo found ln overy sum*
mor onmp, no ploasnntor companion
for whlllng nway a pleasant hour Is
By Sam Walter Foss
List of Locals District 18
NO, v       tyAME 8EC, and P. O, ADDRE88
20   IJanki.iiid  P. Whoatloy, Bankhead, Alta.
•181   Boavor Crook P. Gaughton, Boavor Crook, via Pincher
•131   IIoIIoviio  J. Burko,' Bcllovuc, Frnnk, Altft.
SJlGft   Blnirmoro ,.'., B. J. Clmim, Blnirmoro, Altn,
fin   Burmis  Jos.  Derbyshire, Ilurmia, Alia.
2237 •' Carbondalo J, II, Hyslop, Caihonilnlo, Colomnn, Altn.
utti   Cunuit... .), Poole, Cnrdlff, Altn. ,
.l"yS   Cn._..__,_■<.,,.,,,,.,, S.Jj. 'i'..rtcim__, Canmore, Aim. ,
Ct»33   Colomnn _  W. Graham, Colemnn, Alta.
1877   Corbin  II. Jonc«, Corbin, B. C,
Vl2(l" Ohlnoolc Mines :... Wm. Forsyth, Diamond City, AUa.
2178   Dlnmond City Charlos Orbnn, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo.
•.ui-.   iVnuu   iMm, i']i_.i_, ^t .iiui, xx. *C,
1263  Frank,,.,.,.,,,,,., O. Nicol, Frank, Altn.
2497..Hosmor .,..]' W. Bnldor«tono, Hosmor, n. C.
10,18   Hlllcrost. J. O, Jonos, Hlllnrofit, Altn.
TM '„ Lothbrldgo ,.,.,,,. L. Mooro, P. O. Box 118, Lothbrldgo
1189. Lothhrldgo Colllorlos Thou. Cinphnm, nee, via Klpp, Altn.
123.1"  Mile  W. K Kvnnn*'Mil*, Frank, Alln
£829   Maple Leal  M. Ullday, Maple Loaf, Bollorue, Altai
S.-IS* • Mlrhfll  M. BurrMI, Mfeh.il, T», (7.
14   Monarch Mine..,, Horace Woodleld,,Taber, Alia.
£362   Pftiiburs* '.... Wm. Cooke, Passburg, Alta. ' '
5589  Royal View ....... Thoi. B. Fisher, Royal Collieries, Lethbridge, Alln
102 Taber William Kuwait, Tabor, Alia.
1959  Tabw E. E. Patterson, Taber, Alta,   ;•
Whon you see a man In woo,
Walk B.i'nlght. up and say Hullo!
Say, Hullo! and How d'ye do?
How'h tho world boon imlng you?
Slap tho fellow on' his bnck,
Bring your hand down with a whack;
Wall/, straight up and don't go hIow,
Shake his hand nnd Hay, Hullo!
Ih he clot lud In iugn.     Oh, oh!
Wnlk straight up and say, Hullo!
KagH aro hut a cotton roll
Just for wrapping up a fouI.
And n soul Is worth n truo,
Hrtle and honrty, How d'ye do?
Don't wnlt for tho crowd to go,
T-Cill,   ' I i-nlf.1.1    i.n   .,.-. 1   .,..,-    IT,.11    I
.  .,.   .,..,.,,..,    ..,    ......   ...j,   ,,...«_.,
When big voskcIb moot, they say,
Thoy snluto and sail nwny:
Just tbo «nme nn you nnd me,
Lonely ships vtpon tho soa;
T *„ .X,       ...    ,L lit I  . ,     ,
...v...  _...*« . >*,».,_r_i *»*.*» *j*t.. £*j,>
For R Port boyond tho fog,
Lot your Bponklng trumpot blow,
Lift,your,horn nnd cry, Hullo!
Sny, Hullo! nnd How d'yo do?
Othor folk* are Rood nn you.
When you leave your house of clay,
Wnndi»rlnrr f-n thi* far nwny;
When you travel through tho strange
Country far boyond the range,
Then tho souls you've cheered will
Who you be, md way, H-oilo!
A correspondent    of '"-the    British
Trado   Journal1' sends   the following
very interesting lettter to ..the editor
11 "These Chinese-knew centuries ago
of the possibility of obtaining a cotton-like fibre from the'comraon stinging nettle, Urtlca^dioica; ..but it was
reserved for the Austrians, it seems,
to find out, to'degum this fibre,* and
thus make it a commercial.commodity
For come.years   past, the   necessary
process has been. worked by manual
labor, which did not,* however, result
In quantities sufficient for paying purposes.   In.consequence  of 'this,   the
Inventor and his financial friends have
sine© April last arranged  that in a
temporary mill fitted up at Heiligen-
stadt, a suburb, of .Vienna, the new
Invention should be worked by, electrically, driven "machinery, in .order to
show  visitors,;,English, ^Colonial  a/nd
every state in - Europe,* what can be
done to1 produce a - fibre to compete
with American-.Egyptian and Indian
cotton;    The Urtica diolca.-by. the new
process, yields'most'beautiful cotton-
like fibre •' of great softness and extremely, white, which is" very favorably
criticized by experts.   I may mention
that the residue from the nettles, viz,*,
the leaves, are much sought after by
chemical factories at Hamburg, Llep-
zlg, and Darmstadt.   'With regard to
the cultivation of these nettles, I am
told, that-quite a million acres of uncultivated' land exist In Austria-Hungary alone, -most suitable   for   tliolr
growth. '*" Then 'there are the Balkan
countries, v where not more than half
the, land   Is, under cultivation   rind
where stinging nottles can be grown
ln almost every locality.   '' /
''It Ib calculated from tho results
of }ho very small experimental mill
running near Vienna and dealing with
nottlo, flbre.^thnt tho products and applications will bo as follows: .().) Textile fibre; (2) material for paper-
making and Insulating; (3) soap
btone; (4) gun cotton; (5) celluloid,'' and (fl) leavoB for chomlcal purposes. An investment of $10.50 will,
It Ib estimated, produce 2204 lbs, of
flbro, 880 lbs. of paper-making mntorlnl, and 8800 lbs. of soap stone, bo
Bides a quantity of loaves. The agriculturist's lucomo por two and a halt
acros, it Ib calculated, would bo $230
por yonr."   .
The cultivation of stinging nettles
li. likely to prove profitablo, if tho
correspondent Ib correct. Thoro must
ho millions of ucros In British Columbia where lho stinging not tlo would
grow without much troublo, nnd if
tho mntorlal wore nt hand, would It
not bo poflslblo to build up a groat
Industry in Vnncouvor? Mas any cnpl*
(nihil over considered Vnncouvor ns a
mni-tifncturliiK een tro for cloth? Tlio
..Ininto of llrltlsh Columbia Ih nlmont
ii Id n to that of Yoi'kHhliD niul Ltuicu*
phlio, to whiqji a great donl of tlio
•.wt'-hb of tho cotton nnd woollen factories Is OKcrllmd, The dlrnol 8i*n
routo to Australia and Now Zealand
would provide lho rnw innu.lnl, iin.l If
thoro woro a market for wool In Vnn-
fouviM* a ti'omondouH ImpoiuK would bo
given to slionp brooding In British Coliimliln.     Tho posslblllllcH urn grent.
Wanted to know tho wJicr-'UboutB of
ono John Shone, age 10 years; holght
-   »,....   "   1„„1,..~.    ,. X...I...    1....1.     t«..
heard from In Alaska, was nt that time
thinking of going to Washington, U. S,
A., or B. 0„ Canndn, but has not
boon hoard 'from Hlnce. ,,
Anyone knowing his 'Ivlioreuboula
would grcntly oblige by giving information to Mt*. Tlum>iu i-lhunu,, N'o, 'A,
Spring Gardens, Philadelphia Fence
Hou_.es, Co, Durham, Kngland, or Mr,
IL J. Little. P. O. Boy 223, Nanaimo,
n, c.
■i- _■
■  ,i
•_* * i
Of Advertising that advertises is the
sort d.sir.d by persons, seeking
publicity for their wares. . *
Cf Selecting; the medium is important—the publication that reaches
the people — the wage-earners—--
should appeal to the discriminate
purchaser of space, .
Cf Its .an easy matter to acquire
space in a, paper but its another
point to get adequate returns^from
the outlay.
* -   , •: _       ■ * ,- - j.-.-
- Cjf Advertisements that sell goods;
.are the ads that change often and
-' make interestihgjreadingjfro___-time.
-******" ~T* '     *"* ■ -""*" * '—T.L.J «_.  —       - 	
to time, giving facts and figures.
f§t Any arrangement of type matter
and words in a paper is not adver-.
tising.J A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of informa-;
tion that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your business, with the use of Printers Ink,
Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
*f Let the new coiners know who
you are and advertise your business.
Cf The District Ledger has the
largest circulation in the Pass and
should be your special modiuin to
toll your weekly story. Just try-
can't tell until you try.
»                        i
..'   *'                '             *    *   | .
.      ii
'   ' ,   i
f-       ' _    ' ,     -*"'
; :"'
•  -Y   \ *"  ■ "*
-   *" .               .* .■■>]«
Complete Job depuvtutcut
Address all communications to
The District Ledger . -,. ■*•?' ".' I
<   -   X   ,
a ;. *
,!•*,<*.  \     *>'t "   *                "_*..■ .*>,-**-.-,'        ■■ •*.-.. -     <     -■-   "-    -. v*. .%         ' *  --<--'- r,,-'-..--*.--.J. •     ^ .=8.4' -       .      --  -J  i'-iii-A   >_. ■,    - '--*» -,    -. t-- A,\ V*-:-',- ;■.*.. _.*.v.v*- ,.»■ • *-*- \-<■#*** * _.*.*!*   •<V.' ' "-- 1s   "-•'•
..> *   **'   *'".-   'J -.-"-■      ,• **",    -i.-.' ' -'. a .   - -   ,,..„"' ' '.*■.'■*'•'.,- i'iV*-'"■''*•-• '"-    ■■   -■■*••*•■   *■     --N'"*-      •*-•■" '. -v* ■/• -"  - t  .»-*.----," „' ■„'_ s.   '•""* .*".■•..   *•  -,-;*-.' ,v~;v;-
- •--"'.-_ .",•*' ;• . -       j r''-r. .j r, y. * .- *. .j-'-"- ,-. '-                 '-""-'■*''"*; v'r'"1'* .. "' '---■'■-■ '[ -   " y J ~r ,y-'~:-r ry. - '._.' -. .- -'*•> 7- *.   •'■.'/'"-"* ■'*'. 7-V 7    ''■*       -7*1'"•-'-*-
.     "V       , ,,,     "                 *    ,        -" ",.  .*-.;    .       "          "- „**"-">   '     : **    '',,.-.       ,               *    ..   .._"-,   ' , ..     _    *                 "-            *       '   .* """*   X-,         *-*_■*'    "._   -      -'      ''*               **     , -.,1 -  _               -     *■ _ _ -             - .   #- --         **
. , Mrs. Elley is away to Rossian^ on a
two'week's visit to relatives.
. J. Ayre, of Hosmer, "was in town on part of the wee£
. Wednesday and called at the Ledger
office.   J     , '   '  - i        [    *
Tom  Duncan, ' formerly,   of' Coal
Creek, but now of .Passburg,.was call-
Thomas Hugh Whelan has-been rus- ing on friends during the week.
ticating at Victoria for the last couple
of: weeks
D. V.,an'd A. J. Mote made a delivery the C.  P.  R. near-Moyie; behi'g hit
of five, more "Ford"
brook this week.
autos  at Cran- by a train
" -                                       w__  „_, „___„_.____   _ „  ..'„„ _w,. „,_ * +__ „ * i nis is tn e second crowd oi miuers -*-•—" ""•   ■»uui™,uiiui.
" - r                 T ^? \-.,P f          .                 J Whitford has Sentenced for Ignoring c?-lui™s to^tate a few of .tbe I
'Mr* and Mrs. L. P. Eckstein are visit- Leshe Mills has so far recovered as this injunction*    The court dSnied the we suffer from.in this camp,;7,
ing .in Calgary* from where they will to be brought home  and » now rest- -               by. the'miners, but allowed m^ *>—™— -' *-« ■•■
po*iim nsvt t_._____l-                                         msr easily at the Waldorf.  ,__   . - .   .,              -  J             ,      '         _._-.*    .
return next week.
Philip Carosella's new cement ad- An-?us Thomson; who has made
dltion to bis store* in Baker Ave. is Fernie hi.s _ome_ for the'last'three
nearly completed.
G. Wilson was hurriedly called to
Brockville last week on« receipt of
wire of. the' serious illness of Mrs.
.' The basement wall o'f,the new R. C.
church arc fast nearirig completion,
and the work of, laying-bricks is expected to commence soon.
The Salvation Army gave their Sun-
. day School' a picnic on Thursday in
the park to the* south of the city—an
ideal spot for such outings.
a J. C. Kenny, who left for Edmonton
some time ago is reported to have been
in the hospital for some time, and as
having undergone an operation'for ap-
' .From the latest reports the building
trades strike in Vancouver is over, the
men accepting;$4.25 per,day,as first offered, while the contractors recognize
•lhe union.
'■ A runaway some time Saturday
night is about the only excitement to
chronicle since last issue. ,; The horse
is doing duty again, but the rig is^till
undergoing repairs ^
The firemen made a, great practice
run to the north end in Victoria Ave.
Monday evening" last ,and in less time
than it takes to peel a banana had
nfour streams of water on.,
. DS" not leave any clothes on the
line overnight. We- are toi ..that the
clothes' line night marauder has started activities in the north end cleaning
updone line Thursday night.
The pupils, 'writing, at' the  recent
entrance examination  in Fernie (hat
drew the required number of- mnrks
_avera.es  50  nei*  nr-rii     ' ti*. "h*1_c
Italian make and certainly from its
construction was eminently suited for
sonic of the roads that aro to bo found
In the; West.
II. N, Trcnholme, of Winnipeg, formerly mnnngor of tbe Dnnk pf Com*
merco hore, was in,town ovor Monday.
A dance In liiS honor wna glvon nl
tho Nnpanoo by Urn. (Dr) Anderson,
In whicli a choice pnvly gathered. Mr
Trenholmo wns on IiIr' way to tho
const points.
Miss  LnhHoy,  of  lho  Crow's  Nost
piistu'd nwny.
■Mrs* A. J, Mott is spending the week
and at, Cranbrook'. ""
K. X. Smeed, of the Columbia Paper Co.,'was in town during'the early
Timothy, Forrest, 'a tiemaker, was w^KerSloaay oegan serving one-year
killed early Wednesday morning on f™! £.the W^ PaU-Imposed bv
»i,A c   -p   -r   ™ar aT„v,-,_ hoin^.hit Judge .-Wnitfort.
ing easily at the Waldorf.
the attorneys., thirty days to file exceptions. ■>'■-■■
s-.Edward Doyle, former   e.^. „.. „_. v       . .   - 	
„.„,, ,-f-. fnr pn,„„PV iAot ' wo_,v. the miners'-local .union at Lafayette, si°*\°f thinking,and'.'reasonlng minds.
vhe\_ 1 a onetirf * Col°" and ™liam Crawford' -""tary ****** of this, I havb only to state
.beie he baa gone to work.      ., oH5,8trlct n0. i3; [united Mine Wort that-;th»>tter .da» ofrminers have
ers received the jail sentences.'-    Tiie
men who were fined were - committed
to jail until the fines [are paid:' All
announce they will -not pay ahy fine.
All Rebekahs will please take notice
that" a special meeting will be held
at the hall Thursday evening next,
July 27th.     Important business.
Rolossal Kombination of Kost "-Cutting and Komfort Kontributed" by
Kefoury. Kash Kustomers Kome. and
Keep Kool.—Begins on  Saturday. ,
- Rev. C. 6. Main, pf Cranbrook,
was in the city this week- assisting in
ordination services;, the two young
men being Mr. Wilson, of Hosmer, and
Mr. McLean, of Waldo. -
Mrs. L.' I}. Eckstein has leased her
handsome residence to'Mr. N.^E. Suddaby for one year from the' beginning
of September and will move to California for the winter.
Sit down right^ now and make "out
your 'grocery list for Saturday, > send
it in early ancl get in the good graces
of clerk and teamster. Can't expect
your* order delivered promptly unless
you .help some. Be considerate, its
only a' slight effort on your part; but
means much to those mentioned.
".Alderman Sam Graham, the'genial
and popular manager of the Fernie
branch of the 41 Meat Market Company has been appointed inspector of
all the company's branches-,which include not on!y-> Fornie but .all' the following branches: Fincher Creek, Maeleod, Bellevue, Frank, Blairmore, Coleman (Alberta), Michel,.and Nelson.(B.
C.) The.branches in'-Macleod and Nelson have only recently.b'eeri established and these are preparatqry to a still
further extension'of business that is
contemplatled for the.near future.	
appear elsewhere "in the issue.   ' ' Mr.-.'Graham will--still  continue to
• _ 7,' ■    make Fernie his headquarters,and re
'The  Cranbrook ball  team  met its *ail1 h5s interest in'the civic matters
first defeat "of the season*at the hands witn which he is so closely allied
of Fe-^— (Eh. w.liat's.the miUor wili, '
this machine!)Nelson's nine In the latter city last Tuesday, the score being
C—'*I5.   Cranbrook have a bnll team of
, which they may well be proud.
A father odd .looking motor car pass
cd through town last Mondav mornine       • ...
n„ ^r,,,,    ,,        V       ,? ™0,nin*" serious upon one of the party as to
bad tho misfortune .to, meet with   an
accident   that  inflicted   damages   so
_•*•_., _,_,_...,      i, , ,  ,     ,        . ov/iiuub   uj.un   uno   ui   mu   \i iruy  as   io
SllT i7,     W(*i le™Y0,b<roi: ,a" necessitate his' occupancy -of a cot in
ltflll.11_     m..l.n    nn_     nr,\.i r, \,-,t-,r    f..r.n,     !*._, *
the hospital, and anothor bears marks
uiion hisjace that give muto testimony
to U19 fnct that sudden contact wns
made with mothor earth. Tho buggy
roached'the.stables In a sadly dcmoral
D, Allison Jay and,Norman J. Ale-
llonn tlo for flmt plnco.
Thero woro 10 candidates for tho
miss  uiimoy,  of  tho  Crow's  Nost     Thero woro 10 candidates  for tho      On Pairo ICi   un.li _• nnnflnn nf mil   ,,"i,uvu""»«" ««""inu»i -ovoryoiio turn
Trading Co. staff loft Inst  week for Ilural Tllgh School oxnralnniioua from  WByB. ' i,Tn, Y t^YT' T Kett,n? ,!.0^
hor homo In  Novn Scolla on receipt Fornio, tho 5 successful ones wero D "' ""'"1 '""''   ' ""*' ""m1
of word,of tho Borionn Illness of hor Alllnon Jiiy and Norinnn J. McDoan, „1W111U1I, „,„„.„,.„ „UillI|1|. olJU1.UH1
ratiier, Wo rogrot. lo miy Unit aftor who tied for fjrst plnco with 020 mnrks o'xponsos I'flO-'O* M V nud M ear
BtnrlhiRoii hor Journey n mossngo wns ench. Rhofn TIn'mlllon,    50S;    Clndys  ln,,a tUUW, ""novating"oxneiiso's S7l
rocolvod to Bay Hint hor ful hor, had Robertson, 5711; Joseph . M.   Murphy, s\r,.
Mount  Royal
<li>vnrnmnnt cliurtor. Mnn) location,
Stuff of lilwIifHt Hnholai'Hlilp anil oxpoi'l-
(Mit*(>. lloi'mllnrli'H .r.liiHK vonint. ntul
(llnliif. ball o-nulpppd and'furnished tlio
^^     __ very bout.     Now building,
I^^wll a-* _«___ Coiirm-«r Ntmly
X__-OIlC___fi Pi'cMiaral.ii'y,    'ruajilioi-H,     ITnt vtn-Hlty
"^O^ Miiti'li'iilatloii,   Iloyal   Military  Collcffn.
iinPDTA i'lvll HPi;vlci<, tjyn yours iinrtor-Ki'iifliint-a
ALDERTA work,   Tvpowrltliiir,   OniiHorvalni'v      or
a...A.   r.~m***   C_,   a    inti MuhIi'. Minimi   and rl .*•_ Iinlcnl Tcnlnlnir.
a88CS   Upon   Oept.   1911 Jf",,!M"l,«»l«l  Hcl-cncn nnd  Art,     IMiyHlo.il
"•■«:iaf,ii«c»"ra,*a;K «E;«ys::f;rt,.af *£&
Whitford of; Colorado 'Attacks- Right J
_ to.Strike in Decision 7   1
.-~. .-V- '   ■-; ;" '*,   "  ■;■; *
DENVER;'-  Colo., c-July; 15—Found *
guilty'.of violating District Judge Whit
ford's 'injunctions-preventing picketing     Th _ Editor is'* not.'.responslbIe"'for chlldrenl-.Thajt-Us..wrong.
in rii.a «v_^i,__.™ "r._,i_„„^__ _„, «__iri„   articles -that/are sent- in. -4 <      "' -        ■-"'	
in the northern Colorado. coal fields
two members ' of- the- United *. Mine
Workers today began serving one-year
Twelve others were assessed, heavy
fines.* ' -','.*»
This is tbe second crowd of miners
• The following
ed'froin the'^Mlchel- Reporter of July
15th:   7 -,     - ' 7.' —--^.C-l-*.* ■*'"l,'i
-   •      ,-    ' ' -<   , ^ ,*•$■* 1 ■ -.* ,,.
^Dear * Sir,—Permit" m'e\ through, your
columns to state a few of.the troiibies
..First.- the-'officers] of the. union; do
not-represent the better class *of union
.,_...      . men' here* and,,their, "say-so"'"should
president of not **>e taken as any sort of an exp'res-
.    _     . ■ .-     _n«   U#   ...t_.i;: ' _,-. '   ' , ->_..._._
. Court Attacks toilers'
In pronouncing sentence" the " court
denounced the miners* union for lack
of respect for courts and court orders.'
He said in part.
"Idleness begets lawlessness, Here
is organized refusal to work. Bitterness and animosity are in the,breasts
of each against those who do work.
Declarations have been made by members of the union that they will yet
win the strike,1 de'spjte Judge Whit-
ford's orders. . These ' declarations
have  come  from  those high  in  the
councils of the union."  ,    *.""
*        *,
One of the features of the Canadian
Government, Annuities system - which
highly commends itself to; every person is that a man who is middle-aged
enjoys equal advantages with the man
who starts at a' younger age, for he
may. by, the payment of a lump sum
equivalent to the total amounts which
he would have paid had he entered at
the earlier age, go on from his present age at the same rate as if he had
begun ■ at any earlier, age. For example, a man of 40 who,has decided
to purchase, an annuity of $500' pays
in $_,593.'25, which is the equivalent
of what he would have paid during the
years from 20 .to 40. He" will how
continue to pay $50.5 each yesu- until
he is 60, instead of $167.10, which is
the rate which a man entering at
40 would have to pay for an annuity
of $o00 to begin.at 60.
_A''school teacher who has just cashed -In a twenty year endowment policy
has made the application of this amount on a ?500 .annuity contract,, a
most provident disposition of a.por
simply been driven-, out. of >. attending
the meetings of the "union, 'owing to
the drunken - spells' allowed to, be put
up when anything that had an appearance of fairness, to *us all was before
the union.'1, *   * -
In fact that'is what is'wrong in this
camp. . Booze-soaked windbags have
the' floor and. reason'and equity'are
not allowed free speech. ,    v - , 7
Then^ as for the relief peddled "out;
it is not! enough to satisfy the'cravlngs
of hunger..,,. There, are. people here
who have not had a square meal for
months, and as credit is cut off at the
stores Hhey are-"In an .impoverished
condition. '• "Women and children"suffer, more..than'the men,;for the men
will see* to Jt that they'get a belly-
full, first,' and the scraps go to the
rest of the family!  ,    ,   ' .  '
The union officials live like fighting
cocks and do not seem to care Whether
the'people under them starve or not,
as 'long as they draw their salaries
and ' have* a "good, time." It is said
that some of tlie officials have an interest in a scab mine, that at present
is' a 'producer, and,' that" their profits
alone furnish a nice living, Jndepen-
uent o'f their strike pay.0 ,;   ,_**
Invent to'ask how long the men' here
are going to stand for "such conduct?".
We want to work, and a lot of us
did not'want tb come out on strike,
but .we' were fooled into the-belief
that our-union officials had the operators where they wanted them, and that
the" idleness would not last more than
U\days. '* "It _s' over "three' .'months
since we drew any pay,-and-a* lot of
us would go back if we had the chance.
•*. -Cannot -you suggest some-way that
justice'may be done to us* who*, are de
sirous of returning to work?
■ 7- <-- Yours truly
Michel; July 11, 1911
'tioff-of .lisTHoneyr^rileTrierhefore
he ia 60, the total amount which he
pays up to the time of his death with
3 per cent, compound, Interest will be'
returned to his-legal representatives.
A supply  of  interesting literature
concerning the Annuities Scheme may
be had on application to (he Super-
Several well known young men while Intendent of Government   Annuities,
out for a drive last Saturday, night Ottawa,  to whom letters go froo of
like a. sineaking, cur'hid' himself he
hind a nom de plume "'Mlchol Minor
He  states that our union officials
TVRANf;JUbGE;JAI^ about it" 'Ar£ Vou'aware that'none of
Letters • To:
'. ..      ,„.%_' •     t      ** "•".-,*     **■*■"     * --•--—.    , ■   iMpllij-ull   gU  UU
::v '■■.U^ " - r^V*/''^''"'J* t0 s?y ttiat^h^-^e7get-trbm:there-*
rjy* 1 foe .tiClltOr $ lief to'eat,.we/.the min_rs.;'take, th.
,v..'.V;*; ^: J-',..,'" ;.- ,-.v7$ best out'an^-wheiiiwe7havesfed,'our-^
»*V**/¥V¥V¥W¥¥¥¥vyyvY¥¥)fy»»  selves we-?trirow^th_yscraips-.to our
*   raonnnolhlo" tne*** .«H1/lTfti*iv   THiri! _.!•_' -.__ ."' ■
From Th'o Canada Year Book of
1010 we cull the following, items of interest to our rendersi <"
xliil.: It is estimated ihnt the nvorngo
laod condition nnd will require a heavy cost of the power supplied to 15 towns ?n. T™*       ,° „  °, T^f ""!'
hill of expanse to put it into proper will bo, for a continuous 24 irs. con W,1ft< he meBB-B by the UUe? dnES of
shape' ngnln.                 "     ,.       ■      sumption about ,$22 per H. P, por an*
,     .  .„n ..„ . -"iiuou it uo hub  uiu iimmciiy io ciuss
nun, ns against $60 p0P 1I.?. coal and ,„„,,,„ ns a „_,„_ mm     *       foar
i? i nn im      iv_nn __i-in i I /\»i
stoam generation
Educationnl status of li. C In 1910
shows 40.CS1 over 3 years who cannot
rond out of a totnl population of 178,-
T-   .       _,,,,,«,    ,,    .„     ,.'    of good food. ' But perhaps, our frlond
■s r   .nnr?,0,020' }i V' m M- "?,? mnrr™ mon of •'••'''"* thoir'fill first.
b  Ings ? 110,523, oporal Ing oxpeiiKos $78.
In Iho meantime lltornturo on tho
auhjont Is bolng 'elreulaloil by tho sup-
poi'toi'H of tho Rovernmonl, all of which
would Indicate ihat. nn oloctlon Ib Im*
1 - r".
-,I am (..bound'. td; say; thatVas "a man
"on strike'and a-father oit children;'that
•«■•..*-_. -
cannot come'forward'andr'show*lip one
case similar to "whaJ-he'mentions. Ha
however, J mlqbtt be ^trying C to ",iplace
every one ih the;same^ boxvas'>himseif
for ii: is-quite evident-: from{what* he
says ".that he'.te^a^mari'fthat throws
the scraps. ' ir '^Michel/Miner*; will
.visit Fernie and' see the* Fernie miners*
children at their • various' picnics ■ and
sports he, won't think" they are Jed on
scraps or clothed.In sack cloth.. . : -
-■ He also says that he *is-ready for
work. „ That may be"so; some people
are-ready, for work at any'price. All
I have to'say to ."that is";.Ihis:'-;' It
"Michel Miner" wants to go to work
let him go,'w Uie union has no chains
on-him, I ani* sure;, get out-Mr/"Michel Miner" and go and * see* your boss
and ask him for a job and go to work
if you want'to. Take my advice, as
a father of children,"and do not publish in the press any more such statements that we miners threw1 scraps
to our children, because. I as onetwill
not stand" for it.* _ It makes the public
at large believe we treat our children
as dogs when* such'' is not the case.'
. One more item of ad vice .-.When you
?iave anything to say through' the press
go to' your own. paper, and don't 'be
ashamed of what you say. ; It is quite
plain to^me you were ashamed of even
your-own words or you would never
have signed the non de plume of "Mic-
hpl Miner" but.your-own name.-'
,   Allow' me to remain,    Mr.    Editor,
„   * "   . Yours truly,. *.
•.-     "     " '    ;J(OHN HOWBROOK.
v Fernie, B. C. ' *      - -    ' ■
^Y^l.-Y'Y[ *. ■ r \-- :.Yi- r » Y ■-'*"' Y: '■'.?-■ .vv '->^0>^J
*> T^l_ i_"" ;iP*;'*<^Y.ii-f yy{fkiy-y^mi-
«ihei^rows Nest^J
Vy ■ y .-v*-'.- -, .7. - ' •*, ry yy - x-yy..'.^ „     .- -^-*,  r: .   0   .
v     -      yrv*   :-v'':^t«^. ;.;■■-_ ViSi-!-1  HV-'  "--0^-^
-.,vv""7;"---_ A v"
9 Limited   a* y.:
o The Store of'. Good Values X
• _«: '■'
Mrs. Joseph L. Allen, Riverside Ave.;
West Femiie; and Mrs.,Ed. Owen", ip
the same locality, are circulating a
petition ..for. the complete pardon, "of
Mrs. Angelina Napolitana, whose sentence, to death for the, killing' of her
husband was commuted. to" the more
merciful, (?) one of prolonged agony
iii prison' walls for the balance" o'f
her existence. ' ,        '    -7 -,   '-
These women" will make a house
to house- canvas as hear' as possible
!- biit-if-any are overlooked it'is-to, be
hoped; they will show' the" same an-
Jtiety'Vto. be. included as .did ..those
MICHEL,MINER omitted from the census returns. .*'"
-The churches; in ■ otheVJ cities have
7 Jnterpstpd^ihemselves.-in—this—matteiv
Those of Fernie .lave-'.uW'. an opportunity of proving the1 truth of the'old
story "Imitation' Is„the.sincerest form
of flattery." ■*•   *•'<-•"        ■'■ \   •
r •'-.   "   ;y} 'Jlichel, B. ,C. s
Tp the Editor, District. Ledger:—."
■ Dear Sir,—ln 'reply to the above_let-
ter, which' appeared in the Michel Reporter," July'15th,' the would be saviour
of the .strikers in this camp had not  .-■ The lethbridge   Herald   expresses
the manliness ■ to sign his namo biit wonderment and .surprise,, '.that, the
■ *• 'l .. ■_.__!_.. ___ nn_n li*t ft ri nlimil/1   '    _rv«_n__^ rn»u.  .     _Tt..___. _t 1. _."i
,.  Tories   should' greet .Toms. Crothers;
ii M:P.>" on his returrij'to St, Thomas, Ont_
from tho .Western'-' tour. ■ Wo do riot
ij_      OLtl.UO      LIUIL     UUl      IIIUUI1     UUIUItUS ,  '       .           . "*
do not represent.,' the bettor class of seo any veas>m} wlly seeing that one of
union" men. -Now. I have never seen t*?10 most-discussed topics recently re-
'.____-'-_ imiirll« f*f       nnfnnlntlnr.        n.-. ,1        h_.J..,1_1._       1	
any autocracy in Michel Local "Union
and every man ls granted the right
lo go to ovory meeting nnd express
ni      ,   i      . .       r.   , Lv    t**J    iu   uvoij    uiuuiiiii_    iiau    USIPIUHH
n^JX™:*^'™ "'• W- on anything and everything
gnrding" notorieties and notables has
been on ."Crm't, come,back." lie did
—hence why the ^wherefore?,
nny fellowship nmong traitors,
Aa vognrdn tho provisions thnt nro:
glvon out I don't honr tell of nnyono j
dying of starvation or of being in nn-
impoverished condition; everyone that',
and giving tho scraps lo tho' vest of,
tho family, It appears that ho wIbIipb ■
to class tho married men of thls'cnmpj
In tho somo monn nncl beastly category [
as hlniBolf, 'and that Is woro ho mnkos'
A, S. Cloodovo, M.P,, for this constltu- ft great mlBtnko; thoy havo that lion- j
eney, pnaapd through Kernle Friday orable Hplrlt and reepect for llicnihol*
ovoning hiBt on routo to Ottawa to alii vos nnd lliolr families of which onr
his pnrty In thoir fight ngulnRt "Ro "Michel Minor" has not, or ho would
not have sont such a mlsornblo lottor
1 Night Only, Saturday, July 29th
Ych, tlio KTOiiteHt dvanmlio liifc of Mm nontnry is
Clarence Bennett's
j tiaw
Record Breaker
By Edwin Milton RoyJe.   A Stirring American Drama in Four Great Acts
Prices:  Children 25c.   Adults SOc.   Reserved Seats 7Sc and $1.00,
Plan at McLean's Drug Store
to a pnpor apart from onr own.
In my opinion It would bo, a good
thliiK for Mlchol If wo woro to Bond
him around with our officials and lot
hlin watch thom, no doubt thoy would
lot hlm drnw their salarlos for giving
thom good advico.
Whnt ho moans hy n scab mlno I
would liko to know, hut, I do know
whnl a Bonb Ib -- It Ib somothing vary
much llko our friend tho Mlchol Minor,
Well, ho nBkB for JuHtlco; ho Bliould
got it, nnd In this fnnhlon: , Rxpol
him from nil organizations, tnr nnd
font her hlm, nntl, »om! him lo nomo
wild boaHt nhow iih to mo It BOoniB
moro In IiIh lino. No moro correspondence from mo without you sign your
luurrt truly,
GROUND FLOOR and Basement Miners' Union Hall, Hillcrest, Altn.   Concrete Basement
40 x 30; Main Bulldlnf] GO x 30;
choice location for General Store
(cash business preferred). For'
particulars    apply - to
John Taylor
"   Reo.-8eo., Hillcrest, Alta,
To tbo Rdltor, District Lod(.or:~
Donr sir.—Kindly nllow mo n mnnll
*<]»ii< i. in your \_iiuat_ie pHp-tr Ui nny
n row words In answer te "Mlchol Minor" who hnd a long conflnb of mlnlpnd-
Iiik HtAtnmenta In a certain Mlohel
nowspnpor, ro the strike, the officials,
pay of tho union nnd tho rations, Not
ihnt 1 mm at nil to $et In nny xtetx'n-
paper roiiIp with anyone, at I com.
der thin tho wronc time, but I fn-**?
It my bounden duly to defend even
my-sHf from auch statement* made by
iho "Michel Miner." He states that
our officers are drawing large lalarlee
*r.d living en the fat of lhe Hnd. Now
Mr.  MM? .  Mhnt*r yrw ttnotr nn.Mn.?
Second Hand
Furniture Store
Highest Prices Paid
For RMonclbund Fuml-Mir**,, Wflven,
Tools, etc., alio Ladles' and Gentlemen's Cast-off Cloth***.
Two-chair Barber Outfit for Sale,
!*   "K-
.  •
Grocery Specials for
"*■   ,' Jj -" '• ■ -i'i, - ** _ -. --"-.• .-'* '■■''' a'.' '    'r-- i J
Saturday ahid Moriday
^ .   ■"*■■' Your dollars .have the„Kiggest purchasing power      '; : jy     i
^>       here.'  "Take advantage of the special values offer- '•'*.   /^Y^'
^ *.'*., ,      .;   .*-, , ,- ..... '»/    ..      -,,***,■"      _         --. v
*•«>        ed',f or-Saturday selling and save money. •r? ■' ~fc
;'      :. ■ -  --r'S'^ rv'.V'" ''•/:-' y'0{
. „   , ■     ;   . ■> '     '• --.   „   ."      ■-   .    . -'   .-
^    •„ Alberta Government Creamery Buttter, 3 lbs' * y
^ ,; .', for .:::..7VV;..:.';..:.,.;.-....;.;.;;'85c.
^ ,   ^ Einnan Haddie, 2 tins for J.'. l\:iK..,.J 25c.
.?.■:- , Shredded Wlieat,'-2pkts for ..'..,.;. ..;;.*.'.* \ ^25c.
a  '"■-' 2 oz."Flavoring'Extracts'.'...,     15c.
a*.    ... Sherriff's Jelly Powders. 4 pkts for ._...".    25c.
• Concord. Sardines,.2 tins for. .'.*. ._;..'..    25c.'
' B; C. Pure Cane Sugar, 20 lb. sack ..'"...:   $1.25  . ■
2Tlb. tins Table Syrup  •*.  .•. /,.",  10c.
' 5 lb. tins Table. Syrup,:.."'_./,..;. .;_■'.'...'.    25c*:
3. lb. pkts.- Washing Powder ;.'.".. ?.-•'.. iyji   20c'
Cake' Iceings, per pkt.'..'. ?.'.....'./.. ■". y. J,    10c.,
^ -        -1    <       •    , , '...    -   ,* ■
■V Combination' Shoe .'Dressings, *- Black,'Tan,   - _
,."■- "White, each 7- -.....'.   .V *..7■ '..•.;' ■ 18c.
' Fruit .'Jars,' Pints,, per dozen'...'. JhW. { ....   65c. ■
Fruit Jars, quarts, per dozen ...'.".. ii'i.;,-,:.. - 75c.,"
"Colgate's'Toilet'Soap, regular 40c and,50c-   ' l:>
per box .. .\ .:,...'..°    .,...'. .7.- 30c. ''*
v Old Dutch; Cleanse^ 3 ■ tin's for ..:'.'.'...] ._.*.-.25c." '
* ' -V
V®Vfl&V^9V'^V«>V<®V*® A^A^A0B_>*_O<i.«-»A<B>A-<__»_;
- ■■'■. ■■
-, At *65c.'—Foi' ages 2 to 8. years made from'good ..
,-Printed Cambrics and plain and |aucy'Chairibrays'. '"
• There are a, variety-of styles," all are, good...-. ",' '
• -At 75c.—Sizes 2 to 8 years; made from.plain aiid •.
Checked Clminbrays, trimmed with strappings of".
harmonizing shndes, perfectly fitting little Dresses .-•
and- easily worth double this, price. -      ■ ' * *
' At 95c.—Sizes 2 to 9 years, in plaited short waist''
effects,, of durable English' Drills.^colors: .White,
Cadet and Navy. 7 • J  ■   ',<.' '  -.
.' ■ l" -  '      , '    '
At $1.00-r-Sizcs 30 to 14 years, mii'do with Dutch
necks'nnd half'length sleeves';'iir Whiio'witli fine
B'liu** hfiirluic stripes; a great bargain for $1.00. >  '"
At $1.35—Sizes 4 to 14.years," For a'variety of
sfylcs,'including ..the Sailor Blouse nnd Plaited
Skirt offocts. ■ " ,       >     '     .
At $1,60—Sizes 8 to 18 years, in fancy Ginghams
and hi combinations of plain aud chocked Clmin-
' brays,    Jinny of these dresses aro protl ily trimmed with embroidery nnd all aro well made and, ex*
cQpiionally good I'ils,
At ODc—-Prettily embroidered, elbow hIccvpr;
a waist that is sold £t,equentlynrit*-$1.00
At 05o.—Rnibvohlorftil Swiss nnd Nninsnok
NVjlists! these are regular $1.50 wnislK- only abuiu,
five dozen now in hand; RizeK 112 lo 42."
At $1.25.—-These Waists nro regular values i.i*o,m
$1.75 lo $2.50; Ihoro aro ovor 25 different designs,
all of which aro good. This is surely Die bost
IjIouho value you have over boen offered,
a     1 I
Limited^ _
■>4m*v *sy*5iV©Ye''{i,©yQVQy
• (l
Here it is, Waiting for II
Ulxv mt|tjill»*il will,  the  html SVinfm,
Uquore nn') Clgen*
barb.ete,   Jok. Ixjonard Allnn. (45-St-tp
TO RENT,—Three-roomed Hoimo,
Rlvorsldo Avcnuo, West Fornio; $10 a
month,  Jot. Leonard Allan.     (46*3tp
WANTBD—At once, girl to Miilt In
ttlarti ond' hmm . Prflft-inlnnt'; reference roqulrod. Apply, Somt.rton llro*.,
Jewelers, New Michel. 47-I-Le,
FOR   BALl-y—Thr-e*   down   Ujflnf
lt«n«, f*j.»*e and hefcHhy.    Apply, C
ftrnnt, liodner Ctttlee. \-t.p
For Sale   ,,»
22Acres Fruitland
at Elkmouth
Pnrtly ntonrarl f\nt\ rctttly for *•'
planting out,    Good utronm
of puro water on property. ,«
Easy,term .   Address A.J.B.
District Ledger, Fernie, B.C.,
for pnri-jeiilpr,*.
**»^#f(l_^*«****--v-..**i'.'«if)fe,»»i_s. .juijuii, .. v
1l£r ,   ''. *.-,- 7-*A*l  1
... A


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