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The District Ledger 1912-11-16

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..industrial Unity.is Streugtt.    ,;
No. 13/yd;VI. . ..- .7 y..': 'y
The Official Organ of District No. 18..U. M. W. of A.
$1.00 A YEAR.
'", ■ ■ ...'.'.'       ;. ,> r   ; yy   y       '     -      - t,
sof Labor Convention
■-.  ■.       r■: ,■--■-•: ,
_._ V l I J
Labor Must Unfile, Says Gompers—
Compulsory Arbitration is Con-
demned—Boy Scout Move-
■       ment Denounced.
il   •
'; ROCHESTER, N. Y.,Nov. 11.—From,
every part of the country, north, south,
east and west, delegates aro here for
.whaj. promises to be the most Important convention in the history-of the
.American Federation of-Labor.   '
The' air is full of rumors, but none
of. them has settled down "as yet to
what may,'be, accepted as facts. .One
thing is suro. Th_-n. '.ic more talk
of Socialism than was ever heard of
,ir. u federation convention. ' Men who
wouid'not allow it,.to bb mentioned in
their Ka:ing. two oi three .years ago
ai e .disc .ssingr it ser'.oiibly today.    "
There- is a decldadly different sentiment.
Duncan Macdonaid,. of Springfield,
secretary treasurer of the .Illinois
ruiners. is chairman of the committee
on ..irsdeutials. .   He is  a  Socialist.
.William Neer, secretary of the Milk
Wagon drivers of Chicago, is. also on
"'this committee,;and the third man is
Delegate Marks, of Pittsburg, a glass-
. worker.   .     ■ ,        -, N -
> - Rochester feels very proud of th<_
'big labor gathering in this trust-owned
"city."-,-- . " . - , ■ ,-
S There are lots of",(_uestions tp "be
settled .at this.convention. ' The mat-
-'tci of indorsement of political parties
lrand movements, will receive much at-
. ten tion." The I. W.'W. is another question which"-will-lie taken up Ihdirectlv
aiid the body removed to'the hall.
.The following jury was then- sworn
in: Fred Allot,- C. V. O'Hara, Joe
Tompkins, J. Miller, J. W. Stiggen, D.
Moore, who viewed the body and adjourned to meet on Tuesday. The
jury, when they met on- that day,
brought in a verdict of "accidental
death." ' Mr.'. ,Cezek - only came ' to
Frank about- three months ago from
Illinois, where he intended returning
ia the spring of noxt year-. ' .Ho leaves
a wife and five children to mourn his
loss. * The funeral Avas held on Sunday at' 3 o'clock, at the home, the
service being conducted by Rev. W.
T. Young, after which a crowd of
friends followed the hearse to Blairmore Cemetery.
threshed to. a finish.".,,, The troubles
of the Cheiogo."newspaper workers will
also be put,beforo the.convention and
a lively fight is anticipated on that.
-There will-be no-lack of .movement
once ' the"" big '.deliberating body ■ gets
under way—which will be tomorrow or
Wednesday.,      .' ';"
.. Never -in;'tho history of the Amerl-
, can Federation of Labor has its membership been larger and the outlook
for the future of organized labor, more
roseate, according to President; Sam-
nol'Gompers, in his address today, in
opening the annual labor convention^
Higher wnges and fewer hours of la-
.bor have lightened labor's burdens
immeasurably, Gompers declared.' He
urged tho "man Iii tho overalls" to
stand united for future betterment.,_
Gompers said tho Federation's,membership now numbers 1,841,000 as against 1,770,146 last year.
"The demand for higher wages," ho
declared, "roprosonts our conviction
(hat a larger share of. wealth should
go to those who create It.* The progress of humanity results from tho,
elimination of poverty.".
Urging lnbor to support tho Initiative, roforondum nnd rocnll, Gompers
sounded Inbor'B political campaign cry,
declaring "when political machinery
responds to public opinion tlio electorate will attain roal democracy." .,
"The forms of labor nro bolng con-
Btnnliy roflnod," ho boIiL '""Free workmen do not employ the methods of
Mr. Rompers' roport was given close
nttnntlon nnd wiib frequently Interrupted by applause This wns principally marked whon ho declared ngnliiBt
compulsory arbitration InwB and for
tho recall or judges In lho states and
' tbo reappointment of fodornl Judgoi.
ovory.ifour yonrn. I .
"Wo hnvo had onough govornmont
by dond men, dead Isbuob, dead principles nnd Ironclad restrictions," ho said
nmld olicorrf. "Wo must have rostorod
to' bo peoplo tho unrestricted powor
of changing tholr ntntntory or organic
lawn whenever thoy find thn occasion
nnd necessity for It."'
Tho struggle of tho International,Association of Stoamflttors to maintnln
nn organization' In opposition to tho
plumbora' union was tho only jarring
not In lho proceedings. Tlio stonm-
flttern Iimva Ipnnriv. Mi* rnqnont of ,v«
thirty-first annual convention thnt
tboy amnlgnmato witb tho plumborB
nnd nro horo domandltig recognition.
At tho nftornoon uogfllon a lottor
from Govornor Dix was read, Ho congratulated the federation on 11* work
Policies Advocated
Hoopers said tho federation Is nonpartisan, but unites to dofent Its foes
nt tho polls and elect Its frlonds. He
did not commont on tho recent election
Among tin. poti(.l<-H Uo»ipe.« advocated woro:
C[il/.uu»hl|. for Porto l.ic.nna.
.-.xteuslon of tho federation In Canada,
organization of steel workcrB. •
OppoBtlon fo compulsory arbitration
r_.ttlui-iu uf u>. t;Uh.-i><-... in*..
Limiting Injunction   nnd   contempt
Passage of rigid immigration exclusion act. - 0
Limiting federal judges' tenure;
Popular election of United States
senators. '
Wide use of schools.
Gompers said ,the "deplorable calamity'', of the Los'Angeles Times broke
the-metal workers' strike there. He
said,the,"wretched conditions and social injustice", among the steel workers ,was the basis of the federation's
present campaign to unionize that industry. ■ " -       ■"
'Despite all obstacles, we have made
steady progress," Gompers declared.
"Shoulder to shoulder we press onward and upward."
.   Morrison on Strikes.
Secretary Morrison defended the
right >to strike in his annual report.
"The right is the difference between
free labor and slave labor," said Morrison. • "The strike is not a boon—it'is"
often a hardship—but the strike has
been the most formidable and powerful
weapon in achieving successes. When
labor is fighting for a principle or justice it does not count the cost in.dollars .and - cents." ■ .. ,
y. Morrison said the total, wages increases in one ,'year that labor had secured to itself-was $30,188,000, and
hours, of-.labor had been reduced an-
Handed Over to Underwriters—is  Insured for a million and Quarter
MONTREAL, Nov. 14.—The ' Canadian Northern liner Royal George has
been abandoned to the underwriters.
Notice lo this, effe.ct was cabled to
London yesterday.f by Vice-President
D. B. Hanna, who has charge' of the
steamship department, Mr Hanna stated that it "was not owing to the belief that- the Royal George wap badly
damaged that the,step had been taken
but the coTnpany was' assuming -the
worst/ and-that'in such'a case they
had but taken proper'steps to protect
both the underwriters and themselves.
Mr. Hanna said the Royal George was
insured for $1,275,000.
Rioting in District—Letter Charges Policeman
with Crime.
(From our,Coleman Correspondent.)
' A serious fire, occurred here last
night-at the-International Coal and
Coke   Co.'  plant,   which   completely
SALEM, Mass., Nov. 14,—Another
threat of which the' commonwealth
may take -some notice reached District Attorney Attwill -this^morning
from Nashville, Tenn:, bearing half a
dozen' signatures and. demanding the
immediate release of; Ettor,' Giovannitti and Caurso and the arrest of Oscar
Benoit, the Lawrence' "policeman who
was stabbed the night that Annie Lo-
pez_.i ,was killed, charges Benoit with
being the murderer of the woman1'and
accuses District Attorney Attwill with
being blackhearted iii his conduct of
the present trial. _      ■ •
When court opened this morning for
•he twenty-ninth day of the trial word
was'received from W.'Scott to the
effect that he had sustained an attack
of the grippe, and was confined to his
home. Mi-. Peters is counsel for Gio-
vannitti, and requested that the trial
go .on. and,, that the district counsel
look.after"the rights of his client. 'After consultation at the, prisoner's cage
and at the bench, it was "decided, to
proceed, with'the ■_ trial  and   it  was
.greed that Pred II. Moore, general
counsel for the Industrial Workers of.
the World, might be permitted to conduct the redirect examination of- the.
defendant Ettor, after District Attor:
ney" AttwUl.is through "with cross-examination, it was the., third " day: for
Ettor .on" the witness' _stand) he said
"MADRID, Nov. 12.—Premier Canale-
jas of Spain was assassinated today.in
Madrid. Th©. murderer committed
suicide.    . i  ■
The assassin fired,four shots at Premier Canalejas as he was entering the
Ministry of the Interior to attend a
Cabinet meeting. Two of the' shots
struck the statesman behind thc right
ear and he fell dead.
Tho assailant when arrested, committed suicide. He was __S years old
and'is believed to  be an  anarchist.
Joe Canalejas y Mindes, Prime
Minister of * Spain,v was selected to
form, the Spanish Cabinet in February
1910. He was leader of the Monarchal Democratic Party which came
into'.power on the. resignation of the
Liberaf Cabinet, headed bj Senor Mo-
ret y Prendergast.
ST. PETERSBURG, Nov. 14—What
is practically a general strike has been
declared by the factories and work-
More Than Million
•% Socialist Votes Cast
Doubled" Vote of 1908-IUinois, Nev-
ada and Pennsylvania Elect
Socialists to Legislatures
shops here in protest of the recent sen-'
It is not improbable tljat the Socialist vote throughout the nation will
approximate 1,000,000. Tho incoming
returns,, though in a great many instances incomplete, point strongly to
this fact.
Already the Socialist vote has in-
crSased more than 100 per cent. .This
is everywhere conceded to be phenomenal. The significant thing about the
proletarian poll last, Tuesday is the
I fact that it has attained to such re-
thai the million mark will be reached
when the official count is made.
tencing to death of 17 sailors of the
Black Sea fleet for instigating mutinies. Demonstrations today were stopped by the police and many arrests
have been made.
Tiually7*lh~the aggregate'217113,000. He
also .reported the'payment of $176,000
in' old age, pensions last year."
.'ROCHESTER, N.Y.;■ Nov. 12.—The
second day's session of ; the' ihirty-
Sflcond- convention' .ofs the" American
Federation .of-Labor '.was 'occupled.al-
most .entirely with the1 reading of the
report of the executive .council. , In
it William, J, Burps,was,.arraigned as
an example of hls'.pwn characterization of private detectives and the investigation of the federation"since the
MeNamara trial was declared to be a
concerted attempt by employers' associations and subsidized newspapers
to destroy tho federation'and bring Its
officers Into disrepute'
The report,- recommended that thb
convention take measures to aid In,the
movement to abolish home work and
referred to tho movomont for tho conservation, of tho nnturnl resources as
ono In which labor whs vitally Interested and should parllclpnto.      t
Part, of tlio roport dealt with tho
boy scout ' movement, At tho Atlanta convention' of tho fodorntlon" ft
reiolutlnn'wns presented, denouncing
tho boy,scouts of America ns breeders
of militarism nnd antagonistic to labor.
Of. tho MeNnmaras tho roport snld:
"Tho.MeNamara offeneo was a social
crime. Thinking peoplo who wero
mndo to ronllze tho poisonous, mlasmlc
Influences corrupting tho ntmoBphoro
of Industrial llfo wore woll-nlgh over-
wliolmod by the wolght of, colloetlvo
responsibility devolving upon thorn ns
a result of the oxlBtciico of such conditions.
Deadly Social Poison
"The MeNnmaras woro olthor crlml-
milly Insane or Insnnoly   criminal—
nlthor condition duo in Imporfoct education Incomplete education or defer-
tlvo mentality.    In any onBO Boclnty
Is responsible for not romodylng tho
condition,    What concerns lnbor nnd
socloty Ronoriilly Ib provcnlntlvo mens-
uroB nnd human bottortnont, bo thnt
llfo nnd working conditions may hn
pure, wholesome nnd   clean,    Thoso
(L.foetod by dendly social poisons duo to
social noKlort nro the heritage of our
own alms nnd thoso of our fathers."
Of -turns' connoellon witb tho Mc-
Nnmnrn cobo tho roport snld In part;
"Hums Iuih not nnd could not produce a scintilla of ovldonco   to nub-
Htnntlato his oft-ropoatod  mln-stnto-
went'   tbnt  'rfnwtxM-iii  Vm*..-'"
Tho roport rbnrr^R thnt TV^rMvf
Hurns mndo It nppenr thnt thn offlcorB
of tho fodorntlon wero tho "hluhor ups"
and thnt whon Mr. Oompers nib do
reply, "IIiIb turned upon him tho brunt
of the nttnrk "
sheds and sifcow'sheds. The fire "started in the machine shop about 7.30," and
in a shont time spread to the other
parts of the plant. ■ , Owing to the
high, wind it was almost impossible for
the.'fire brigade'-tp'~cope with the
r-ames. but with tlie assistance'of tfiie
Blairmore brigade, who rushed to the
scene -of the fire, they succeeded In
checking Uio flames. Tho loss to the
compnny is estimated botween eighty
and ninety thousand dollars, which is
fully covered by insurance.    .'-■ "
Siiop— uirmey'hen.iad refused' to"~t_ike the oath be-
He Feels that Modern Aristocracy Has
Been Weighed in the Balance and
Found Wanting — Patricians are
Adequately Performing their Duties.
cause of conscientious scruples.
,Whe"n tho District Attorney showed
him "the oath of officers" of the I. W.
Wl he corrected the'attorney by calling it the, "pledge.".,* .•   .,
Tliere was a stir." hf the', court room
shortly before the noon recessi today
at the trial of Ettor, Giovannitti and
Caruso, when Edward JRossoni, under
indictment .with'Haywood and Traut-
mann'for conspiracy to Incite riot during the Lawrence strike, was brought
in and arraigned before .Judge Quinn.
IIo was held on $500. Rossoni was
arreste d at the North Station at Boston today by ono'of the stnto pollco.'
Up to today ho wns beyond tho jurisdiction of the court. It ls thought he
came bnck Into tho state for tho pur-
poso of taking part In tho striko at
.SEVASTOPOL, Russia, Nov. 10—The
naval' court- has sentenced seventeen
.sailors' to death and 100 to imprisonment for from four io eight years' at
hard labor,,for instigating mutiny in
the Russian fleet.   ■
nlarkable proportions in spite bf the
efforts pf the corporate interests of
the nations to divert .the tide of working class political progress ° through
the so-called .Progressive Party.
It .is now an unquestioned faci that
the Socialist vote in the campaign just
closed is a truer register of Socialist
strength and sentiment than any previous national poll.
• It is already known that there have
been an encouraging crop of Socialist
victories. Four Socialists will-sit in
the next legislature or the State of
Illinois, and two senators, and four
Assemblymen will represent the workers bf the State of Nevada from the
Socialist party in its next legislature,
and three congressmen in Pennsylva-
n;a. 7 "        .      .       ,
Incomplete returns, from many quarters warrant the prognostication that
this success will be liberally comple-
ANNUAL JAUNTS OF D0MINI0Mmeiite_d_._^_-.-^	
In Illinois Eugene V. Debs polled n
vote of 160,000.     This is an increase
of about 120,000 over the Socialist vote
polled in-the prairie state in 1908.
Socialist Vote  to  be  Million,   Latest
■-. Tho. fol)owlng_.tahle.of-.thesvote cast.
or Eugene V.'Debs, Socialist candidate
for president, may be regarded with a
l'alr degree of confidence as a fair
estimate. The figures have been taken
from as many'reliable sources as aro
available at present, in many cases tho
actual count of the state voto being al-'
ready at hand. In the'esUmates in tho
larger states the lowest figures have
beon used.     Tho belief Is prevalent
Alabama    2,600
Arizona   ,...,     $200
Arkansas'  13,000"
California   ...'  S0.000
Colorado  10,000'
Connecticut     11,700
Delaware        500
Florida    15,0000
Georgia          637
Idaho'    8,000
Illinois    150,000.
Indiana     30.0,00
Iowa'".-.- ■  20,000
Kansas    •  1S.000
Kentucky ..'....'   8,200
Louisiana        3,500
Maine   .•     2,700
Maryland. ,     4,500
Massachusetts       5,500'
Michigan      1S.00O
Minnesota    20,000
Mississippi     2,000
Missouri ,...'... 30,000
Montana '.  .2,000
Nebraska ..7... p.. 7 ..    6,000
Nevada  ."...    4.67._
New Hampshire       1,640
(Prom Our Own CorroBpondont)
Last Saturday morning the snd jicw'-i
was iRproad around town that John
MoV had lost his, llfo while at work.
About <5 o'clock a sudden wind storm
nrofu. whlcli broke an _>lertrlr win*.
{nnd In somo way or anntbrr, John,
who was lamp man, sol In touch with
tho llvo wire nnd wns nl^ctrocutod.
Coroner rinUn.y wun _.tll-'il jit onco
. LONDON, November 12.—Arthur
Ponsonby, M.P., tho son of a famous
courtier and-a former page to Queen
Victoria Is a severe critic of tho English aristocracy In spile of and porhaps bocnuso of his blue-blooded con-
Ho fools that modorn nrlstocracy
has'beon wolghed In tho bnlonco and
found wonting, nd snys, "Tho queB-
tlon ,1b wholhor.lt ls to bo ousted and
Ignored nnd relognlod to tho position
of .'xIIob llko tho French nobility, or
wholhor It Bhould bo impregnated with
n now spirit, and In so far iih it obstinately clings io discredited prlvl-
IvKcb nml refuses to assimilate thut
spirit, chocked, and In so far as It ab-
fiorliu tho now spirit, encouraged. The
suspicion Is growing that our aristocratic modo! Is deteriorating, that our
patrlrliitiH nro Inadequately performing tho duties \vhlch fall to them, tlmt
tliey nro by no moons alive to tholr
responsibilities, nnd that democracy
demands a hlghor lovol of trained,
well-Informed, and, If nocoHsary, spo-
rlnllscrt cnpnclly In tho nfttmls which
nro rnqulreil to perform Itfl work."
Mr, Ponsonby boldly snya thnt tho
aristocracy Is in no wny Intrinsically
!superior lo tho rest of tho community,
nnd surforB ovon moro thnn other people from nrreslod and crippled mental
and moral growth, Dut ho nlso polnti.
otit nn Injustice tho nobility suffer
from. Whereas ovon thc holr-nppar-
ont to tbo throne nnn> ronnitnco bl«
claim to tho suocosslon, tho oldoRt «on
ot li pver is obliged to becomo nn hore-
dltary legislator,
He divides tho aristocracy of today
Into threo oIubhos, tho strict, hidebound, ulti'o-ro.ioUonnry sot, tho sporting sot nnd Did Intellectual sot, whoso
lenders nro In close touch with publlr
llfo. Tho nobility alono hold between
them ovor Ifi^ millions of ncres. of
land In Britain, wllh nn nnnunl rent
roll of ICC.000,000,000, or |il_,000 ench
i'i flip nvrrngo. " .
Mr. Ponsonby bulloves tho first stop
toward;) thc reform ut tho iiviMou.nj
WATERTOWN, Mass., Nov, 14.—
Gestulatlng In nn oxclted manner In
tlio prison pon and refusing tho proffer of Thos. G. Connolly, counsel for
tho I. W.' W. to defend hlin, Frank
Bonelll, arrested todny for assaulting
a policeman outside tho Hood Rubbor
Company's plant In East Wntortown,
wus flnod $10 by Judgo-Luce, father
of J-Iout.-Govcruor Luce iri tho Wai-
thiim Dlatrlet Court,
MunsslnR Schol-olusl-l and Rnfflaelo,
two women strlkors, nrrested In connection with thn trouble, woro found
guilty ,,of assaulting, policeman nnd
were discharged. Thoy woro defended by lawyer Connolly. Tho first-
nomoil wns accused of throwing a
stone. The rioting contlniiod today
and the poiico from throe towns guarded tho factories,
OTTAWA, Nov. 11,—President J.
Waters, Secretary P. M. Draper, Vice-
President Bancroft, ..Toronto, .aijd^seye-
ral other officers, of the Dominion Labor Congress, waited, upon' Premier
Borden and 'Hon. T. W. Crothers, on]
Saturday afternoon, and pressed upon
them, a great variety of subjects in
regard to which resolutions wero pass-,
ed nt the last annual meeting of the
Congross. , One of the chief requests
made was contained in a resolution
asking for a royal commission to Investigate tho\working conditions in
thc Nova0Scotia.steel Industry,
■A federal bill granting cheap, "simple and effective facilities of corporative societies, is advocated. Tho
conservation nnd public ownership of
nil wator power.and conl nt prosont
untouqhed In the Dominion was another request of ,thn delegation.
A long resolution asking   for   thc
repeal of tho Lemleux Act was pro-
Rented,     It stated that whllo believing In the principles of Investigation
nnd ' conciliation .and  while  realizing
(hoso benefits lliot have accrued  to
certain bodies of workmen undor tho
act, yet, In vlow of decisions and rulings and dolnys of tho department of
labor In connection with the administration of tho act nnd In coiifioqu-
f'lifo of tho Jurtlcl.ll (IooIbIoiih, such tm
thai of .ludfjo Townsend In Nova Scotia declaring Hint to feed a tiatrvlng
iimn ou hirlke Ib nu offense under tho
net, thoy ouk for tho repeal of tho act,
Tho delegates were glvon a courto-
ous hearing   by   the   ministers who
gnvo the usual promlso of consideration.
New Jersey  ..
New  Mexico   .
New York 	
North Carolina
North Dakota ,
Oklahoma   ...
Rhode Island
o   500
1,399 *
2S.659 '
,, WW
13,476 .
11,586 '
- 345
- 2,421
______________ 100,OMu_33r74_5
. 52,000
. 30.000
.    1,950
South' Carolina ._;" '200
South Dakota       3,500
Tennessee ...'...". * 5,000
Texas  ";:-...;.,..-... .i4,ooo
Utah    '....'..." 9,00,0
Vermont _...'       501
Virginia   '.       800
Washington   ^30,000
West Virginia " 8,000
Wisconsin    60,000
Wyoming ',.;.   1,000
33,913   .
1,365 "
1,870 .
.7,87,0 •
547 '
Totals    1,004,30.. 421,483
■ LlOTllimiDGI., Nov, 13.—At tho
meeting of thc North Lothbridgo,ratepayers association held liiBt night, Mr
Donald McNab was nominated to contest a soul, at tho municipal elections.
Tho voting was close bulva-ou ,1. A.
Gllmoro and Mr. Mcjtyb, but aftor a
tied ballot, the Initor was chosen with
a few votes to spare.
A wrlotiH iwddont occurred In No. 2
mine between 2 and 3 o'clock on Tlmra-
day nftornoon, resulting In tho (Innth
of » minor named Peto Tlutelln, nnd
InliirloH to n Irnnldnj'or's helper named Frod Worsloy, From Information
rcvflvod wo understand that Nntolln
n plnofi nnd nftnr mf>vlr.i» tho Irnrtt.
♦ho two men wont to put n car to
tho faro, Whilst placing the onr In
position tho rack, which hnd beon displaced by tbo removal of tho props,
rnmo down   atrlWni* Vroit w»«..*..- -;,
tlm head and hand and killing the
other poor fellow, Peto Ilntella Is a
native of Austria, but wo ennnot loam
..blither he Is married or tingle. Ho
boB hoon employed nt No. 2 Mlno nbout
slv months. Aftor lining attended to
ii,. Dr. WnrV-initn, Worsloy was able
to proceed to l-VrnU. where hf ro
Unusual Punishment
Chauffeure Guilty of Man
VANCOUVI3H, !».(_, Nov. H.—Con-
\ !rU..l of mniislituglitor by killing men
by (.nroloHB driving of iiiiioiiioIiIImh, two
young ch a ii f fours woro given novel
f,enlf_irr»B today by .Tustlcr .'h.n.'nt.
Tins accused were lluglih ami Pol-
liinl. youths • of twenty, and they
agreed whon tlio Judgo allowed them
..ifiiuiu mi uuiidi-, to doi mo itiem-
■i1'!. 'duj-Jjjj,' !!,(.■ ,',t\i itn ji.uio iu
w( iking for the fliipjwl at tho widows
mid children of tho nwn whom tho-,-
killed. Thn two Jndfl had already spent
koiiio tlmo In Jnll nnd won> penitent,
l.l.MONTON, Altn., Nov. 14.—Tho
local braiH'h of the Amalgamated
Sheet Mot.il Workers, consisting of
over 100 iiiuiiilM'i's Is on strike. A
minimum Benin of >ir> renin rin hour for
Improvers and 00 cents an hour for
Jounioyuien Is the demand of the men
which uciiiBioiied tho walkout.
Tt-N   MEN   WORTH  $3,000,000,000,
Private fortunes In America show
ainazliii. growth. Some of tliem have
boon notably luci.nisei! by lho groat
rise, that has taken place In Standard
Oil and American Tobacco mihHldlur-
of Two Young j |<;H (U],| Heeurltles since those trimtH
wero dlsweiii .eroij by the courts, I
lien nl a mnn possessed of many nlale
secrets flijuro' nt _J.J,rion,oni.,Ono the
combined fortunes of ten American
iiiiiltl-iiilllloiiiitreM who nr" known,Hip
world over. Think of it. Three billion dolliirn divided more or lens fairly
among only ten pcrmim! My Informant look pencil ami pad nml cHlimute.l
vory rouBfrvntlvoly he claimed, tliPiev
Kseitl loiluiieH iih follows: .tollI) J).
!y,,k% y iU.i, 4tt>/uu,uuil,uuu, Andrew
CnniPKlo |."001.(W,_ii_; J. I*. MurM".
I.fm.nno.flflo:      William    Itoi!.<_<>!< •
Labor Commission
Said to Have Been
Named by Premier
An unofficial rumor about labor cirri, h has It thnt Mia- pro\Mici.\) royal
commission, appointed by tbo Mcllrldo
government to Inquire Into Industrial
.ind labor conditions "throughout the
pi'tnim ., will coitmst ol Mchhi'H, Parsons, .lardlne, llawthornthwallo aiid
Mr. Parsons Is n defeated f'onhorvn-
tlve candidate in Kitst Knoteiiay, Milled for therms!Hon of chairman,
Mr, ,1m nl ine Is a pnlll'i.il Jtimpin.;
.lack, luillliiK from !_.<.jiiliualf; also a
defeated turncoat (. .mihci ntthe nt lust
Air. Iliitttlionithwiilte !.- too lumy tu
m'!|h'h. anninemtiit,
And all the IVdi'vilonlhl known
.Mr, McS'ntiiiitu, .<lin Ih scheduled for
the poflllnu nf ne''_<'_m-. ti out /di
Mi'.mtliiic, liotti-vir, the 11, O. Fed-
eiiiiloii of Labor, which wns promised
a coiiiiiilhhlon und n-piescalation linn
not even been iiiIvIm .1 In tbo i>rein-
l«'ii. - It. C FeiUnitidiils..
Laat Sunday eveiiini., In hptte of
ilm lm lemr ,iey of tbo weather, n very
..it,  omul vmih ui utteiidanee at the
ClIAnLKflfON, W. Vn., Nov. 12,—
Roven NiiitH, riflklnu diirnri«es In tho nf.-
Kreirnto of n.lO.OOO, hnvo hoon filed fn
tlie Federal Court for lho Houthern I Yeik!
dlMrlct of West Vlnrlnln ni'titufii '-on-
rrhldent offln-ru of Ilie Fjilti 1} Mli.f
Worliers of America, ami In the Hr
edit  Court  of  Knnnwhii  county  .in
f2-'O,00O,000;    (ieoi'Ke V. linker, ta.'ii),-  opeiiiiiK nieotltiK of the whiter rn'hi-
000,000; .TatneH II. Duke. $200,000,001); IpiilKii.      ,\tior  IIvmiIiu-   •«   »» .'
J.'.,... n nn'.iii.,iii, t.n.i.iiini.iuni; ll«'iir> . tin MNefl of J. \V, Ifelinett and W. L,
C. Frlek, tlMfito),(\i)(> nutl \\\ K. Van-1 Phillips a number of ih-w in. inherit
derbllt, llliO.ono.OlH. The Income of j were enrolled nnd an _ffc..iw pm-
ia.000,000,000 at :. |ier cent la Jl r,,owi,. ip.ms.nda r-(]inmUit c formed ani th.-n-
ono it year. Its t.-clpk'hts do not! |„ no doubt that a .Igoru.H «-dite»Mflnni
Hpend It all.   What Ih the HiirpliiH in-jeamiirdfiii  will  hn (omliwicl  In  this
■ !. ''.'..'.   \\...,,,,     .ur     iiii.ui'n     itiiidT
enmo of iho iriiillln!ll?loM'il',e- nf v.
Hides.     Th« milieu wero Idle on the
to bo,(ho supproasion of all hereditary | afternoon shift,
titles.   "Tho only help to prolom: the     ,\n inipien waa held this maid Ing
fictitious bollpf In ft supnrlor govern-1 (FrMayl at tl o'clock, and adjournal inm.t Inral officers of Use mlmr.,' u«
lng nobility.    They havo'nover been!until 2 p.m., Monday. -Ion by ronl romptnle*. ufa" ■•i'"*-
•upfrior; Ibfy hare t'eawd to he .oy Tlie funeral, we understand, will' a ere cloned by a »trfl.»» in ih,> K_f
ernfn<-    It f. not {lift ftvUlw-ial. U.uU fUi.< tin niirid«y. "iwhn    ront    flclda.     Ti.e    pUIu'llf-
thft foHit whq Ib Wfcntwl, Inntimuch »«; A tave-ln aluo took placo In No. fi icbprjip unlawful Interference with »N
till luuidi* are/anteii for tbe umnillni: Mine on Tluimbr mornltiR, chuhUib 'i .» rallun of their mlnch, lri.l:ni'lii,,<'i:
work thero H lo b« done." ''^Mt ^I»k it l.y off. <,f miner* aiul ttcatrnciloti of pse;.<-if
Only ten are name! bore, .Vo  month*.
' ii.enlle.i  I* m->.l.   «f ».-» f'li';,i   '.. iJ.e ,     ll..  ,».it„[.i,   n.-xi.  ;>ie. i-ti:ti< -r  l.tli   ti
Mo/rea, th<* J»' Mn, Hie <fiiuM-. (In-1 met iiik; will be held In th-- !>_M_neut
lAreliliotd. and othem v.hone fer*n,.«'ef l)i<- Mi/.irj.' Ha't ... •> >ri_< nt
i».iti«e aiiywUero fioin iriu.oiio.iiii to'
! JL'o.iWO.thw. The nrjunl npi,-i<-<;:i'i-,"
'of »-o«tri"- r-vi-' \.t- triorTiitn.-i. .%..'
i tho ((/•rcr-'i!'.' of If it!'',*. -mj1 ■ 'i:' '
7^tU:IUiti im   I iteMllirlit li'lp* to ae-j
i iinrit for tin- ubiioip'.Uiii ;uid ttn.dir '
jii.iS.oii  of (iitelniij  paving stock*.--!
i l!(e»to!i .Vina ftur>-_u
T ■':'> In the ev.-lllll.'.
ATI tliri-e v h . :<r,
.r iii v.Htou.t ni i.
,'        'v. U,.-fct i    ll. f ... i;
wvli ..» tho«e »h« lorurirr.tloiisly ho-
l'«-w that «)ie <'\|iortenlH of the H'i
rlil!*!  PMlfti/r r_j- ar,» •*<.« s*,e firor.g
lll'i'rc»,!i d ill  t-llii
nt-, ul ii te _;tuiiH
,.« Lt*. |,it**«-n»   a>«
jtr.'*-!.." f-jy-t     _-    ■      ••'   .     .       -\   . -- ^,_"i
...... ,^^m..^w.^»rart...ll^,r.._,...l.ln.^..^_^..'-A.J.^L0-,- ,,^	
• I': '
I      '
.v. -
"".,'"'' ' .T-':"    .  -"
 _^ _ . ,_  ' Tt	
The Practical Achievements of Socialism
By Morris Hillquit * . -y      •  ''< ,
In this article we will endeavor to
sum up the record of concrete achievements of the modern Socialist movement. The task presupposes a definite test by which the practical results of the Socialist propaganda may
be ascertained, and measured. What
is'that test?   , _      .     7
The aim.of Socialism is-to reorganize modern society by abolishing private operation of business and introducing a system of socialized industries. This program extend . to the
entire civilized world. It may b'e
realized in different places at different times, but. in each case it will
require for its realization the entire
machinery of a complete and autonomous political government.
Neither a city administration nor a
state government is capable of reorganizing the important national industries on a basis of collective ownership. A Socialist commonwealth can
bo established only through the cooperation of all departments of the national and state governments. In
other words, the Socialists must be in
full political control of the country
before any part of their ultimate social idea can ,be materialized.
It is singular how the non-Socialist
and anti-Socialists alike fail to grasp
this simple proposition. "Has Socialism ever been tried?" naively inquire the former, and,'Socialism has
failed wherever it has been put to a
practical test," gravely assert the latter.
Socialism, of course, has never been
"tried" and has never 'failed," just
as little as the twenty-first century has
been "tried" or has "failed." Socialism represents an order of society
which is expected to evolve from the
present order. It is an anticipated
.future phase of modern civilization,
just as "capitalism" and "feudalism"
represent the present and past stages
of .that civilization.
Social systems cannot be had "on
trial" or "on approval" like a pair of
gloves, and be retained or rejected,
depending on the satisfaction which
they give or fa;il to give to the prospective user. ' Less advanced organizations of society grow into more advanced organizations when time and
conditions are ripe for the change,
just as youth grows into adolescence
""without pTeiitfiinary—"samples"—or
The test of the' practical achievements of- the Socialist movement is
therefore not. whether Socialism has
already been realized in parts or in
spots, but whether the movement has
made a substantiafadyance in the task
of creating social and political conditions favorable to the introduction of
thc Socialist commonwealth.
When, Abolition Was a Dream
A familiar page from the history
of the United States will serve to illus
trate the point.
The organized anti-slavery, movement of this country dates' back to
the last tiuarter of the eighteenth century; when abolition societies n were
formed in Pennsylvania, New' York.
.Maryland, Connecticut Virginia and
New Jersey. The agitation assumed
a more, practical and direct aspect under the leadership of Garrison, about
1S30, and thenceforth' continued with
growing intensity for a., period of
about thirty-five years. The abolitionists may be said to have gained
control of the political machinery of
ithe country with the lirst election of
Lincoln in November, 18G0. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued on
January 1, 1863. The political power
of the anti-slavery forces became absolute upon'the final surrender of the
Confederate Army on April 9,1865. and
the institution of slavery .was definitely and completely banished from the
entire territory of the-United States
by an amendment to the Constitution
on .the eighteenth of December of'the
same year.
Assume now the condition of the
abolitionist movement about the mid
die of the last century, and let us suppose that its followers are catechized
on the subject of concrete achievements.
"Your movement is now more than
half a century old, and you have had
about twenty years of organized and
direct work. What practical results
have you accomplished; what portion
of the negro slaves in the South have
you succeeded in freeing?"
We can imagine a question like this
addressed to Wendell Phillips by the
unbiased inquirer with a "practical
turn of mind" and repeated with derision by the "safe, sane "and conservative" pro-slavery advocate.
And we can hear Phillips' smiling
answer:   •
"No, we have not yet emancipated
the Southern negroes or any portion of
abolish slavery, we will abolish it all;
and in the meantime we have nfade a
few big strides toward, that goal. Sine*
the beginning of the abolition move
ment we have • gained. some notable
political .victories.such as- the Missouri
Compromise and' the admission of California as a free state. But we have
gained vastly.more in educating the
public mind and arousing the public
conscience to a realization of the evils
of slavery, and in the creation and
growth of a strong organized force to
battle for the abolition of. that evil,
Less than fifteen years ago the' abolitionists were decried by the press ano
church as enemies of society, criminals, heretics and free-lovers, and all
good peoplo, held them in horror; today large sections of the enlightened
public begin to feel that our. aim !s
pure and good and .they turn a sympathetic ear to us. Thirteen^ years
ago Elijah P. Lovejoy was mobbed
and killed for denouncing the brutal
burning of a negro slave, and William
Lloyd Garrison was dragged by a rope
—half naked—through the streets' of
Boston; today the leaders of our movement can freely write and speak their
thoughts, respectable publications
will report their utterances, without
distoring them, and well-behaved audiences will listen to them attentively.
"Ten years ago we formed the Liberty Party and polled but 7,059 votes
in the whole country; two years ago'
our Free Soil Party received almost
three hundred thousand votes."
"We have removed many obstacles
from the path'of our movement, and
have created many conditions favorable to the ultimate triumph of "our
cause. These are the concrete and
practical achievements of our agitation." ' '     . . '     .
It takes but little imagination to
translate the assumed colloquy into
modern terms and to apply the abolitionist argument to the present-day
Socialist movement.
The concrete and conscious efforts
to pave the way for the introduction
of the Socialist. regime may be sum-
m_irl/.ed under the' following .three
main heads:       ,;  i
". Vie ei £ etment of such social reforms as tend to facilitate the transition from capitalism to Socialism:
2: The ^ creation of a sympathetic
public attitude toward the Socialists
aims and program. ;
■ 3. The organization ,of a body of
persons, sufficiently numerous, intelli-
ctical task of social transformation. "
The extent to which these tasks have
been accomplished determines the
measure of practical success of the
Socialist propaganda. ■■.*' 7.y.".~
. Under the head of "Socialistic'/, reforms we must include-.air ..modern
legislation directly or indirectly7 inspired by Socialist activitiesraiid'. having for its object the betterment of
the'economic condition of the'workera
,or- the increase" of their. social- and
■political strength.' But few .national
reforms of. this description are direct-'
ly traceable to Socialist-initiative.-in
this or, in any other country. It must
be borne in mind that Socialism is,
on'the whole,'a very recent-factor- in
tlie politics ofv modern nations.'.' In
Germany; the Social Democratic Party
has. been .represented' in . Parliament
about forty-five years, hilt ih ail'other
countries the first appearance \of Socialism, in the political arena does not
date back more/than twenty or twenty-
five" years. Iri the United States the
first Socialist member * of Congress
was elected in 1910. -While the Socialists have representation in almost
every Parliament in Europe, and ia
many instances form strong , groups
in them, they nevertheless are in the
minority in each case.
*, In most European .Parliaments a
fixed and rather large number of seconders is required before a proposed
measure can be considered , by the
house. ' The Socialist, parliamentary
groups in these countries, until recent
years rarely have been strong enough
to comply with such' requirements, and
their practical activities were thus of
necessity limited'' to the support or.
opposition of'measures'Introduced by
the government or by'other .parties.
But with all these handicaps, the Socialist work in national law#-giving>
bodies is not devoid of direct and import results'. .    '  o
The Social Democratic ^Party of
Germany boasts of a large number of
reform"naeasures, .principally in the
field of worklngmen's state insurance,
factory laws and taxation,.which have
been enacted through its direct initiative. In Prance the Socialist deputies have secured the passage of
laws reducing'the hours of labor of
government employees, extending the
powers of municipal .administrations
and improving tlie system of state
accident insurance and old age pensions. In Denmark the Socialist representatives in .Parliament have caused the adoption of a system by which
the labor unions receive government
subsidies for their unemployed member's. In Austria, Sweden and Nor-'
way the Socialist parties have been
largely instrumental in extending the
popular suffrage, and in • Italy, Belgium and Switzerland-they have sue-,
ceeded in forcing the adoption of substantial reform measures of various
characters.   "But more important -than
the achievements in 'the domain. of
national legislation have been the prae-
tlcal results of local Socialist politics.
Vhis Is quite natnral.
- ,     - ^r   ;Cy~ • '"'
Socialist Cities Numerous..' '
* While the Socialists.,sor-far constitute' only small minorities in the na
tfocal councils of the world, they, have
already succeeded in securing full con-'
trol of numerous cities and towns in
all parts of modern countries.., : In
Germany. France and Italy "the 'Socialist municipalities count ' by. the
hundred. Austria, Belgium, Holland
and the Scandinavian countries'likewise contain large numbers .of'.-. cities,
towns and villages fully.1 controlled.by
the Socialists, and no less than two
thousand municipal councils iii Europe
have Socialist' representation of vary-,
ing u degrees of strength: Even in
the United States, in which the political career of Socialism is practically
in its-infancy, the Socialist Party is
in control of about, thirty-five • cities
and towns,' and has elected more than
one thousand officials to local office.
' 'In the cities in which the Socialists
have been in power they have iiitro-
duced.such, reform measures, as were
feasible within the restricted scope
and powers of municipal governments.
The reforms do not-constitute Socialism or even an'earnest of Socialism,
but they are measures, based on the
recognition of the social obligations
of the community toward the citizen—
the-new "spirit in politics-for which'
Socialism is largely responsible;
In the conventional political conception a municipal corporation is first
of all a business concern, instituted
and maintained for the purpose' of
administrating' the corporate property
of the city. . Hence the,slogan of all
municipal reform*movements of the
middle' class is invariably "a' clean
honest, business-like administration."
The Socialists on the other hand,.emphasize the social functions of the
municipality; the" education, health
and social welfare of its inhabitants.
* v I
;.Typical Socialist City
A -typical Socialist city begins its
reforms with the child, the bearer" of
the community's future.' A Socialist
municipality- almost invariably takes
care of its working women during the
period of confinement by providing
free maternity hospitals, with proper
medical attendance.1 When the mother is ready to return to work, the city
continues to exercise a watchful and
tender ■ oversight of the child. Free
municipal -day nurseries, -kindergar-.
tens,' primary scnools and schools for
higher education succee _7 one another
in'^the task of-rearing the child into
healthful and .enlightened manhood or
womanhood. In most cases, the city
provides :for its needy children not
only free' instruction, but also medical
care and even food and • clothing.'
Seaside colonies and summer outings
_for._alLpoor-School children are quite
common features in conenction with
the public school systems in Socialist
cities., ''     '
, Nor do the educational'activities of
7i- V
■ ir»j _     |
Socialist municipalities end wth the
child. The cultivation of the fine
arts and the dissemination of' popular
through the medium of, municipal
theatres, free .concerts, reading rooms
and public lectures, are common features' of Socialist city administration.
Next to the all-important subject
of education, the Socialists usually bestow their" greatest care on the problems of public health. •
Whenever a city under Socialist control contains slums or abnormally
congested districts, the administration
seeks to. relieve the condition by the
building of municipal dwellinghouses
and by increasing the number of
parks arid playgrounds. Municipal
bath-houses,* disinfecting plants, hospitals and dispensaries are established
wherever practicable and physicians
and nurses are placed"at the service
or the poor free.of charge.
The Socialist city administrations
everywhere have sought to enlarge
the scope of public assistance to< the
needy members of.the community and
to remove the sting of charity from
such assistance. 'The poor are the
victims of our social system.' They
have, been ^wronged by .society and
the communl_y owes them an•_ honorable reparation. Hence the, support
given • by the Socialist municipalities
is more in the nature' of pensions than
alms. Municipal bakeries, kitchens
and groceries, selling their products at
cost,-of giving them away, are favorite
instiutlons in Socialist city administrations. '••.''. I ■■ .'
The Socialist municipalities aB a
rule are-model employers and invaria-
hly reduce the hours of work and Increase the wages of the municipal employees. "With all this they are.rarely extravagant in their expenditures
and -their finances are, as a rule; in
better order than those of the "capital-
elimination of graft, and by forcing  •
the wealthy citizens to pay their jus.   ,
shares of the 'taxes:-'    The  general 7
spirit of social service and civic betterment, which is beginning to pervade' the administration of cities in
all progressive countries of the world,
is largely due to the. Socialist" ex-   '
ample.   ' Even in the United States,
Milwaukee, Schenectady and Berkeley'
have established standards of' municipal administration, which are rapidly beginning to force other cities into
the'path of social progress..
Helping1 Out the Progressives
These then, are the most conspicuous of the "direct" political achievements of Socialism.    They constitute
a distinct social advance although they
are not revolutionary or "'epoch-making
In character.     Far more, significant
than these direct results, are the numerous' measures of social legislation
which have within the last generation .
been enacted by' the law-giving bodiesN
of almost* all civilized countries, as
the indirect but nevertheless logical
and legitimate results of the Socialist _
propaganda: •■ ','        / '
• Such measures. of social reform as
a rule are originally formulated by the
Socialist parties on radical' and,thorough-going lines.     They become the'
object of a persistent and widespread
propaganda, and finally they acquire
the force of popular uemands.    .At
this stage the "liberal'.' and sometimes
even the "conservative" statesmen.of -
the dominant'political parties begin to -
realize, the7political.significance  of
the proposed measure. The vox populi
means,votes on election day, and the
shrewd leader of -the „old parties are
quite willing to make an .occasional
concession to "social justice" in order
toinaintainorto gain political power."
A classical example of such statesmanship " may ' be found in the very.
' i-Xi
ist-governed cities. . -The increased
expenditures which the many new ac-
tivites involve are made, up by economies in the administration of business,
recent political history of our country.
The,father and leader of the new. Pro-
(Continued on Page 5)
No Subdivision
Inside Property within Three Blocks from Postoffice and Depot
Humboldt, Sask.
A city in tho making.
Tlio  coining'  Hub  of tho   West.
Has a Dominion Land Oilico, Customs Houso, Mounted Police Hawick's, otc,
Divisional point on Canadian  Northern  main  lino  to
Camrose and Calgary (botweon Winnipeg and Edmonton.)
Xow is tho time to invest in Humboldt for tho heaviest
,,. ....
I'l Will .
• c
Vegreville, Alta.
Divisional point' on Canadian Northern main lino to
Camrose and Calgary (botwoon Winnipeg and Edmonton.)
Natural gas has boon struck in the town.
The town ;has a sash and door factory, a machine shop,
brick yards, roller Hour mills,   four elevators,  cold storage
plant, four implement warehouses, oil depots, etc.
■ . . .
Two banks, two hospitals, high school, public school, etc.
Vegreville is a eon tre for government buildings.
VWvmn'llr* is nn Rimihnltnml contro.
a f-j
Lots $100 to $150, 10 per cent cash and 10 per cent monthly
You cannot help make money in any Western town if you don't buy too far out
A call solicited; will show you maps.
Real Estate
M. A. K AST NER, Fernie, B. C
Firit Insurance
Life Insurance i '.'
i nT-hr -y-T<i" i "h-   ■ .-.™
V    „  . — ,- .iti.;:':-
r ^.aw, ■»m»nrj-"
-.-^--. '   ^** .i^-frr. '-
7 >$
,-*-_-. ■■ ■ .- -- ■ y
' 7 'yA. UT'nTu A-L ^EAST'ERN^&X'C
' -7 -Syr ■ V ? '*y ■ 7"' .,;/ -., '7*^;7y- 7,.
FERNIE ;to-TORONTO^and Return'.......;"....
FERNIE. td MONTREAL and Return .7v.......
Corresponding I<6w7rates, to points ih Ontario; Quebec, and'-^ritime ?.<
'- ^^xxsx;;'M>; sxx^^p^i.x-' ■..•-■-.■■''. ;yi'Uxs;
, / Tickets .ori Sale;-December, 1st 'to~- 31st;.'inclus(ve;;,rG6odVtb-"i'^tufn::'-.
within'.three;- months. "LIBERAl. ..EXTENSION -PRIVILEGES. X: 'y 'XX.
;-^ckets 7 issued .ta connection with -Trans-Atlantic.tripsoh aaie'fJoyV-
,7,th to' Dec;. Sfst" inclusive^ - and limited ■ 'to five" month s from'Jda te., of" ■?!
iss'ue7with:privileg(es;of extension;'-,},-        -   .*'"■--  " y"1' "'-'''y'~' '.-
.For full information, rail and steamship tickets, apply "to 77'/'-."
7R. READING, Agent,- Ferhie/..B.C./\br! write to K/G. McNELLIE,'_
District Passenger,Ageiit, Calgary, Alta.- y ..y_ ■  7 :"'X'7 ;, ■ r  '"■'
/i~ .. 's
Head Office
Capital Paid.Up ".....: $3,000,000
Rxsekvg and Undivided Pitow-rs 3,500,000
Iotai. Assets , ,, over .5,000,000
Just as a successful merchant makes every
effort to g} ve bis customers courteous, efficient attention,-so do the officers of the Bank
of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
every servise consistent with conservative
banking practlce.\
No deposit is too^small to assure the depositor considerate treatment—the savings
accounts of those in moderate'circumstances
are welcomed with courtesy, and with absence of undue formality which makes banking a convenience and a pleasure.'
F. B. Roberts, Agent
Questionsyjbry Pit Boss Certificate
at Alberta Examination
1    Next to Fernie Hotel     ., *
from $15.00 tp $50.00
Cleaned -;
Repaired 7
'.. ■' v *' y. ■ 'and'" " ■,
'""'.."     ".*       'S  Pressed
-The following are the/questions set
for Pit Boss Certificates of.Competency under the Alberta; Coal'.-Mines
Regulations Act, held in that province
in September last.' . 7 --. '"-'
Candidates must obtain 60 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass. Time:
One and a half hours.
1. State in your own- words what
are the requirements ■ of • the Coal
Mines Act, relating to the. inspection
of machinery. ,, y 9
2. State fully the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act regarding manholes on
underground roads, " ' <■ 12
3. State fully the requirements of
the Coal Mines Act with reference to
ventilation of mines. _ , ,10
. 4..,, State fully the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act relating to the employment of persons in or about mines. J.U
5. What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act relative to the use and
care of explosives Iii mines? What
steps would you take to enforce these
provisions, or to detect persons who
are violating'them?       -_   ,-     7    14
6. When would you consider .safety lamps necessary in order to comply,
with the provisions of the Coal Mines
Act?   '.-._' ■   . ...       11
7. State fully the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act as to the inspection 'of
mines— o ' ■ « '
'(a)-Before work,is commenced; .
(b) During, working, hours;
(c)_ By employees of the mine.   12
87 Under what conditions does 'the
Coal Mines-Act-'allow, a mine to be
operated by a- single shaft? ■ 14
97 What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act regarding the appointment of * stations. '    _ ' ° 8
Mead Off That Cofo
, Do, not let a cold run away-with you... TAss'ert your  '..- ,
- .- 7 riglys^jrjlightmg-a-cbid^^
The best way-to hfeadoff a, cold;and overcome, it      . ,
,/7'7  is "by;taking" "7   -v'"'    --y" %-    '"   .',"->   .    -.     7.
Laxative Bromide Quinine Tablets
. ' "'■' 'The "handy-and 'convenient' .'forn£ in Jvvliich .these'..;, IS
"i'-i" - tablets'are mtide render them; pleasant to'talie'and
".   .   effective in results.    > Fifty; chocolate-coated tab-
• lqtsin each box.,   Will break up a cold in less than.', '.,
,-        24 hours. .     •/'   ' '7'.''25c. per'Box. •„;7.';
V' '■ . ;'■& W. BLEASdMl'xx-'-'y
'      .   "' SAFETY LAMPS    '      ■   ■
Candidates must obtain 60 per cent
of the allotted-marks to pass. -Time:
Two and.a half hours. .        -    •  '     .
1." Describe Svitfcp sketches the best
type', of safety- lamp ybu know for- or;
dinary miners' use. , To what points
wou^d.you devote special attention in
the selection of a safety lamp        11
2. Explain how-'coaf .dust explosion's may,, be brought afyout and state
what "steps you' would take to .prevent
them.  -' • ' - .. 7
' 3.   Exiilaijujvhat-^conditions-may
cause a shot to hang fire; .
(a) Where fuse- is- used for blasting; - ■'
"(b) where an electric   battery
used. . <! -      •-   - •    -
Describe two methods of firing
shots. ■" Which do you prefer, and
why?   y ;-  " '" ,,9
4 'Show rhow ybu would ventilate
the wo.-ldi)g3 on .Tie accompanying
plan having due> regard to-haulage.
The coal ls wound at the downcast
shaft only. Show by arrows the direction of the air current, putting' in
the necessary doors, brattices, etc. 10
c 5. (a) Name and describe the explosive gases usually found in coal
mines."' '
0 (b) Under what conditions may
they become explosive and non-explosive? ' -'
(c) How are they generated in-mines?
(d) Where are,they usually found,
and how can they be expelled from tbe
(e) What effect have these gases on
the health and safety of the workmen? *., - ','.,, 12
6. What are the causes of blown-
out shots, and what are the dangers
arming therefrom. •, . , 5
7. Describe how you would measure
•the quality of air passing along an airway. Of two airways,- one 7 feet wide
and 6 feet high, the other 14 feet wide
and 3 feet high, which will pass the
greater quantity • of • air, other conditions being equal? "Give reasons'. 6 j-
• 8. What' instruments would you use
to properly determine the ^condition,
volume and temperature of an air'cur-
rent in a mine? State fully the principle and action of each. 1
9. What, are the chief points which
require immediate attention when the
ventilation of a'mine is reversed?     8
10. 80,000 cubic feet of air per minute are circulating through a mine
with a water, gauge of 2 inches. What
quantity will be circulated with a water gauge of 3 inches. " io
,- 11. What dangers have to be guarded against.,in'a mine where the ventilating current' is produced by means
of a'furnace. ' ' 7
i - ,
-12.   Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using black' powder and
monobel respectively- for blasting coal.
'.' ,     .,'- ' -8
" 6. Describe the principle and action
of the syphon, and state under what
circumstances it may be beneficially
applied for conveying water in mines.
Give a sketch showing its application.
,   ,' "' -    10
,7.   Explain the principle and "action
(a) "the thermonetey
(b) the barometer;
' (c), the hygrometer.
- Say<,for what purpose each is used
in eonnection .with mining.  . 9
'" 8. If-a cross-bar 32 inches in diameter and 8 feet between notches
carries a certain load, That should oe
the diameter of a cross bar 14 feet between notches to bear the same load?
(with the same degree of safety). 7
9. Give specificalIyey.our reasons
for preferring" a main haulage engine
being placed-at the surface or underground—
(a) where steam power ls used;
(b) where electric power Is used. 8
10."  Describe the best driving pulley
for endless rope haulage which you
are acquainted with.        •  ' 9
11. What is the horse power of an
engine having a 28 inch stroke? The
diameter of cylinder is 12 inches and
effective steam pressure 80 pounds
per square inch.     -     ' 8
12. A quantity of water which necessitates an 8 inch rising main has
to be pumped up a shaft 200 yards
deep. State the respective conditions under which you would use-cast
iron and steel pipes. ' How would
you support the pipes in a shaft having wire conductors and what precautions would you take in replacing a
broken pipe near the bottom of the
shaft? | io
AVo carry .i full lino of-   ,
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right.
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone, 103       :':        Frank, Alta.
wore tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD M£DAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awardod to
Became they are THE BE8T ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all the time at
8AM GRAHAM, M«nag«r PHONE 41
Have you heard about Peps ?
7-Peps is. a new scientific
preparation put up Inte tabloid
or ,'• pastille form,: which,-'pro-
vldes an entirely new and
effective treatment for coughs,
colds and lung and throat
There is no connection
between the lungs and the
Suppose something were
wrong with your stomach-
say indigestion, or ulceration
—would, you think of taking
some medicine which went—
hot to your stomach, but to
your lungs?  Certainly not!
Why then, when your lungs
and chest are affected, should
you dose your stomach—an
absolutely separate orfcan—
with medicine?, Is it not far
better to treat the ailing organ
i t
Lumber for all
hero At any tlmo nnd In any
Qunntty. You cannot swamp
ui with a large order, or glvo
us ao small a one thai we will
, not attend to It.
there: are doard a, beams
for any kind of building you
way be at work upon, Have
us s«nd you what you want
wb»n you want it
ornoi unif vawd, MtfHimaeif *vt« o*m. a tt, oin»t. MUNie
Candidates must obtain 50 per cent,
of the allotted, marks to pass. Time:
Four hours." " * •
-. 1. Describe fully with dimensioned
sketch, the kind of mine car you consider to be best adapted for use in
the Crow's Nesit Pass district.    ' 12
2. -What steps -would you take in
order to comply with the' provision?
of.the Coal Mines Act with regard to
the i-lans'.of an abandoned mine?     9
3. Plot the- following survey to a
scale of 100 feet to the inch:
Station. . Bearing- Distance
1 to 2:.S 20 degs. 40 mins. B..143 ft
20to 3..S'78 degs. 15 mins. E 114 ft.
3 to 4..S   5 degs. 40 mins. E...222 ft.
4 to 5. .N'72 degs. 20 mins. W. 192 ft.
5 to 6..S 40 degs. 35 mins. W..102 ft.
6 to 7. .N 38 degs.- 50 mins. W. .288 ft.
,20   •
4. Give the bearing, and length of
the closing line from station 7 to station 1, of. the survey given' in 'Question No. 3. '  .     _  " i     .. n
Pops j)ro«
vido a direot
trcatmont for
coughs, ooldi,
ond nil lung,
ohest nnd
throat troubles, Pop ■
oontaln high*
ly m.dlolni-l
•mnoti nnd
plnci extraoti
into Ublot
form, You
put a Pap on
your tongu*,
and as it
slowly dissolve!, thoao
volatile es<
ssnooa turn
into vapor,
You BEEATJIE tbo remedy to your
soro ailfng lungs direot—not swallow It
to your itomaoli, wlilob la not ailing.
(See diagram,) XhEboallngfumes, thui
breathed down, bat%tho delioate, ln<
flamed msmbranen or your breathing
tubes and nan,right on to tho tiny ran-
ages of th<* liihrrH—-a ifimnw on .Mm nr
solid rn»tlioino oould possibly take,
Pp^i» -fuujiJ/ ___<. JU*Jiu4' ami uul-i-
septlo. Thoy heal sore tintue aud kill
disease germs. Peps bring pins-forest
fame* io your home, loiteau of you going
to tho plno forest I
for that cold, that night cough,
that tounh of -.ronr-hltl.   dmv. <)»*"y-r
atomaoh 1   Tho trouble lies in your
lungs, ' Psps go to tho lungt
direot and will Air© yon.        ,
All druggists and stores flOe, Imx,
Write for froo sample to Pep.
Co,, Toronto, or 52 1'rln-
com 8^,. Winnipeg.' Send
only lo, stamp for        ^
andenolosa    ^^B
Candidates must'obtain 50 per cent,
of the allotted marks, to'pass. Time:
.Three and a half hours. ,       .
. 1. To .what causes are accidents
through ■ falls of roof and .sides attributed, and. what, precautions ' would
you adopt to guard against them? 8
-. 2. Describe very fully-the principle
and action of the Fluess Rescue Apparatus. '     " r       •    ■ 11
3. Describe briefly several. rof .the
Irregularttiee which are'encountered
ln. coal 8eam__ in the Crow's Nest Pas's
district.     '     • 7,  ;   ', 6
'4. Describe -with Bketches the different, methods of securing a main
haulage-road and pit bottom' respectively. -, ",' ■> , . io
5. 'Describe briefly th© two principle, methods of Avorking pitching
seams and givo the conditions suitable
to each, - -     '   ' 12
fi. Dosci.be fully how you would
procood to fix a walling crib or curb
In bad .ground, and stato what precautions you would talco fl
7. Do you consldor coal-cutting machines oftlie rotary typo could bo
advantngeoualy used for working a'
flat seam 4 feot ft Inches thick, with a
moderately good roof, tho floor con-
slstlng of 18 inched of fire-clay, abovo
u moderately hard parting? ' Glvo
briefly your reasons for or against.
8, Doscrlbo nnd Illustrate somo of
tho causoB nnd offocts of creep on
tho mnln roadway of n mlno. 'lO
0, fa) Wlint Is meant by nn Initial
oxploslon 7 ■
• (b) If you woro In charge of n mlno
whoro tlio old workings lind caved In
nnd filled up with gas, whnt precautions woud yon tnko to provont an explosion?
(0) WlinL can boh might load to nn
oxploslon ImtlilH en so, 10
30. Doscrlbo fully how you would
oporilto 11 flat flonm of conl li foot 0
inches thick, -with n BOft flro-elay
pnvomont, nnd a moderately hard
roof. n
11, Show by Hl-QtchcH, arrange,
ments for nlr -crosslngo, oltlior ovor
or undor nnd fllvo your vlowa goner-
nlly with roforenco to thorn. 7
(.'undulates must obtain no por cont.
of tlio nlloHnd wnHrn to ti .nr. T!...w.
Threo nnd a hnlf hours.
1. Why Ih It iiccoflsnry In (loop
tthnftH to countorlmlunco a „ hoisting
rope? IX'hciIIjo briefly 0110 method
bf doing tlilw. 7
2/ Glvo u nhort d.>_..-rlnt!mi tttiv
HkoirlioB Hho.lng Jioiv you would conduct nn nndlctjs haulage ropo around
quick curvoB. 7
3, llow would you ascertain tho
homo powor of a dynnmo? 0
4. Dwrlbo Willi a akotch thn prln-
rlplo of thc forro pump, stating- tho
limits undor which It will work most
s.ul_,fiictoiIly. 9
fi. In a alnglo ncdng forco pump,
tho din me tor of tho plunger la 3 In cho*
nnd tho atroko fa IS Inches, if tho
plungor makoa 100 sI.oI.ok por mlnuto.
...l.ti!..to how many gallon* of wator
will fie dclfcve. wl i>«r hour. io
""r5TTilention briefly-the method you
would* adopt to secure accuracy, when
plotting workings on the, plan of a
mine on which are shown workings
closed twenty years previously. ' 10
6. Names and describe the instruments used ln connection'with levelling roadways underground.' 'State the
different methods employed, in such
levelling andi-say under what conditions you would use each. - ^ 11
'■■ 1. ■ Describe a method of surveying
and'plotting underground workings. 10
8. What are tho advantages of
keeping jplans of mines, How often
ought'a mine to bo'surveyed and the
mln© plan's brought,up to date..'       8
9. The dimensions of an airway nre
0 feet.lflgh by 8 feet wide, by 894 feet
long arid tho velocity of the air 'Is
225 feet per' mlnuto; what quantity
of air io passing per minute and what
is tho rubbing surfaco of the airway?
(Noxt weok wo will publish tho list
of quostlon submitted to candidates
for first class pnpors.)
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE -. Alberta.
P. V. WHELAN, Manager. ,
Rates $2.00 and up
' Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone in every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
The finest of Wines,, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
0 I positively cure three-fourths b
A-tii the cvises thai are absolutely in
'curable by any methods other than]
Ithose 1 employ. I do not cai-e whol
ihu.s treated you or how long or byl
what means he hus treated you,J
tho probability is thai I can curcl
l>'ou, and 1 will be able to spp.-ikj
definitely in the matter when l"
Iknow the. details of yonr ease.
NWrite for Free Book
? If, you can't rail at niy office]
write-for iny ixiok, which d'escribpsl
liny method.   All letters yrc givenj
^special attention. i
Z   210 Howard 8t., 8pokanc, Wash,
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd.
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Wash.  Z
Cigar Store
■ Ci-l}.on. This Is a great ago and a
groat country. Why, do you know,
a man cnn now mnko twonty-ono
times ns much cloth or whoat or stool
fn a day as ho did 100 yonrs ago."
Jnvofltlfi.nl.oi. Who sots nil "thoso
good things?
Citizen: Everybody. Peoplo novor
llvod so woll slnco llio world bogan.
InvoHllfrator: nid you (,'ot thnt
from a compnlRn book, or did you ronl-
ly look Into tho matter?
Oltlzon: Oh, ovorybody knows thnt.
What's tho matter with you? Von
know that bcfi.ro wo got steam tho
wholo family hnd to work—men, womon nnd chlldron. Whon nil olno
wns dono tho womon nnd children hnd
to spin nnd wonvo, spin nnd woavo
InvostlRntor. Whoro did thoy do
this work?
Cltli-on. At homo, ovory homo wn*.
a regular fnctory,    It's different, now."
Investigator: Vos, for somo of us,
Somo, own Iiik mlnos, forostfl, lnnd*,
hunks and rallronds, llvo In pulnees
and keep stoam ynclits, Othon. ride
In (lulomoblhiH, keep servants and nro
vory comfortablo Indeod.
Did you ovor look Into tho fnmllv Wo
ul .i.w (iHB-UileU workors of tho city?
dll _<j;.   Uii,  Ulmr  ih  bottor off
thnn II ever nun,
InvcstlR-nlor: Somo arc. but tho uu.
skilled laborer?
Citizen:   Well, what about the nn-
, t in  • - •      . _
... _. ..,.,ti»ti,
Investigator; Todny, ns a hundred
yonrs ngo, tho wlfo must holp and tlio
children must holp, Mrtrk ono gront
difference! Todny sho is a wngo wlfo
nnd goes out lo n fnctory, nnd the
wage ehlldren go tint to another factory. Tho homo is hnlf broken up—
nonrlv n million mieh today hi tlm
United Stilton,
Citizen: Is thnt why Utile children
dlo so fnstf
Investigator; In thli lnnd of wenlth,
|.v>. Can you stand p«( while this remains? —J. JIiiajwI flmf'h lu Tl»u
Wholesale and Retail
. Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
t        _
Billiards and Pool   ■
Coffee and Sandwich
Haztflwood Buttermilk
VIotoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
.•ir»t class Horaet for Sale.    (|
Ouya Horses on Commlilon    t
  _   c
i George Barton    Phone 78 J
Every convenience and comfort, Jutt
' like being at home.   One block
from Post Office.  Centrally located
H. A. WILKES,  -  Proprietor
PELLAT AVE,    -    -    -     PERNIE.
Large Airy Rooms &.
Goo_d Baaed _,
Ross & Mackay Da*
Nowhere In the Pass can be
' found In such a display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork,' Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Pish, "Imperaior Hams
and Bacon" Lard, 8ausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
A Flash of    •
h JiiBt iih likely to Htrlko
tho Iiouho of tho uninsured
man iih that of lif. moro prudent neighbor, .Vo bulldluji
Is I mm uno,
Better Have
Lis insure
you and havo a. UkIiIiiInk
elniice attached to tlie policy,
Then you needn't worry every
time r|if>re In   _ ti<n».ir ■  ',.-._.,
Solo A front for Fornlo
K.    W.    WIPf>OU'80.V, Ai.ayer and
Cli«mhit. Ho* C I1««, MrUott, 11. C.
C/i*r_ife_i;-—<Ji>l(li Hilver, Lrad or Copper,
II »_.<>>_. noM-fttivir. or _.llvt>r.l_*»i_,
».._.u. I'rleon for other metals; Coal,
cement,fireclay analyses on applies-
_,0_: ..^"JV^ii «u»lo«»> »"»y office
In Urltlfh Columbia.
i sl
'. i- iI
- •       !
'      ''    'II
c- '-'Sl
f'_ L
vli auy^^^t^.M^sre:., iwa ^a^p^-fcj^yi^^^u.
&*^Wffi^y fafWft*» «■*&( ^^k ^» »ifr,*»y» lew^Ugiwf n
^_j .
fhwe Months in Hospital and camo
ont TJncured..
Ztm-Buk Cured Him In' Few Weak*
Mr. Pred Mason, the well-koown upholsterer and mattress manufacturer
ot St. Andrews. N.B., says:—      - •    ,
"I had eczema on my knee, which
caused me terrible pain and Inconvenience. The sore parts would itch
and burn and tingle, and then when
rubbed or scratched, would becom«
™ry painful. When the knee got
warm, it burned worse, and the itch-
lng and burning  and smarting
Determining Coal Values
Bv E. G. Bailey.
Smost unbearable. I tried various
remedies, but got no better, so I decided to go to Montreal and take
special. tr^I«*™*2J
Manifestly the value of coal, as measured'by its heating and evaporative
powers, must be determined by actual
experiment. The fundamental que?-
tion is, shall the experiment be conducted1 on a large scale, as in the rase
of a boiler test, or on a small scale,
but with great refinement, as in the
method pursued by the chemist. In
truth the methods are not so different
as they appear. '   .
The chemist in the laboratory conducts a miniature boiler test as truly
as.does the engineer   in   the power
BDecial  treauuiiut.    j.   *».»«...—.   -----    »ai»^» -.—
ment at the Montreal General Hospital  p]ant     The iatter always expresses
for thirteen weeks, but at the end of
that timo I was not cured, and almost
gave in.   A friend advised me to give
Zam-Buk a trial.
"Almost as soon as applied Zam-BuK
.topped tho itcHing and thoirritat on
I cersevered with the balm, and it was
soon evident that It would do mo good.
Each day the pain was reduced,
eore spots began to leal, and by the
time I had used a few boxes o£ Zam-
Buk I was quite cured.
«Since then  Zam  Buk  has  cured
blood-poison in my Anger,  and  at a
time when my linger was in such a
terrible   condition  that   I   feared   it
would have to be amputated.
For eczema;  blood-poisoning,  piles,
nlcers, sores, abscesses, varicose ulcers,
bad lee  cold   sores,   chapped  hands,
Ste, burns, bruises and all skin n-
jurics and diseases, Zam-Bu__ is with-
°U50caUbox all druggists and stores or.
post free from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto,
lor price.   Refuse imitatiouB.
his results in "equivalent evaporation
rronf and at 212 degrees F. per pourid
of coal."     His feed water is "not necessarily at 212 degrees, and it is an
unusual case if his steam is at'tlie
same temperature.     Suppose a case
where thc temperature of the feedwat-
er is 110 degs. P. and the gauge pressure is 130 pounds.     From a steam
table we find that there wero 1,115.6
British thermal units used In evaporating each pound of water fed to the
boiler into dry steam.    Had the water
been fed to the boiler at 212 degrees
and evaporated at atmospheric pressure, "the heat used would have been
only 965.8 .British thermal units per
pound.     Dividing'   1,115.6   by'   965.8
gives 1,155, whidh is the factor of evaporation.     Multiplying the  weight of
tions)-, giving 14,500- British' thermal
units developed per pound of coal.- - So
that 'Wjth the calorimeter, the chemist
really conducts a boiler, test. and obtains 100 per cent.1 efficiency.   .vAs' a"
matter of .fact; the chemist" uses but
1 gram of,.coal and  2,000 grams of
water in the calorimeter test, but the
same results are.oMained as if proportionally larger quantities of each
had  been ". taken. ' * All through  the
l work of the chemist, accuracy replaces
quantity.    .He ;can   weigh 1-2000,000
part of an ounce as accurately as the
engineer weighs pounds, and with his
thermometer he reads thousandths of
a degree instead of degrees.
■ The disagreement between the evaporation as' determined on the- boiler
test and the British   thermal   units
from the calorimeter are more frequently due to errors or variations in
conditions in one or both tests.   How
closely-1 can   the engineer check the
The Bellevue
results ou different tests from the same
lot of coal, and likewise what is the
variation between the British thermal
units determined from different samples .taken from the samo cargo.
A competent engineer, who has made
a large number of evaporative tests,
found a'variation of 17 per cent: between different tests on the same ooal.
These tests, however, were of only 4
i   ..     «,- .   '.     . . y
'   That the diaster, resulting from- the
explosion in the Bellevue Mine, and
which "caused the death _of 31 of our
men, is still being studied and discussed by those interested -in'mining'-and
students of such 'subjects, is^evidenced by the number of articles, appearing in  coal .mining, magazines from
time to time. Coal Age had, as the following letter will explain,"In a recent
issue, the question .up, and Mr. W. J.
Powell,'■who'was super at-the mine
on that unfortunate:-day,'"joins-in ,the
discussion.     Hia "letter reads: ■' ■
I V»vo read with consiJe.-abl. inter-
••'.t'ti.c abstract of the pap* "Bolle-
vue Explosions,' Alberta, Canada,"' by
John T. Stirling, mine inspector', Al-
erta, and' Professor Cadman, University of Birmingham, - England, which
appeared, in  Coal  Age,   October  5,
page 457,' Any article or information
pertaining to this disaster is of more
than. ordinary Interest  to  me,  Inasmuch- as I was superintendent of the
mine at the' time the second explosion occurred. , At the request of -the
West Canadian Collieries Co., I resign-
water fed to the boiler by this factor,
probable reason for such a large error.
Evaporative .tests'made at the fuel
tcstlngrplant. of the United States Geo:
hours' duration, which was the most  ed the position of district inspector of
'Tn^ei- and l.y virture of thc-powers
coii' ilnci in a certain MoriKflso. which
w" "o produced at the time of sale,
these     will      he     offered      hj
bv public auction on_ Mo».«i}V
tlie 10th
day' oV'necemher   1912, at the hour of
11 o'clock in the forenoon, at theottlce.
of Grafton and Bennett, cox .
Ferule, b.C, liv ■•■ W. Bennett
tlonecr, the following propert.,
Lot  Number   :
Fernio, accorilin
in   niock  Kumher
to a map or plan de-
nosit'od Tn the Land It. .istry Officei in
the City of Nelson, and numbered 734.
Terms: 10  per, cent  of  the  purchase
mono" to ho'paid dowji at the time. ot
sale- balance to be paid within 30 da>s.
For   further   particulars   and   conditions of sale applvlo „R
Messrs bA\\ R   «   I1 -ibiJ-ii.i\.
Imperial Bank Buildings,
-      Fernie, B.  C.
Dated this 7th day of November,-'1912.
„<_■<- «." be offered by sale
j-,- r _ibllc auction on Monday, the 16th
liy of December, 191.. at the hour ot
Tndei- and by vlrluro ot the Poweis
con ir. nod in a certain .Mortgage which
vvili be produced at the time of sale,
the-e     will      '-"      "i-""-"'!      l"'      sale
3a^ciock^ruV-"aftei-noon; at the office
of Grafton and Bennett. Cox Street,
Fernie, B.C.. bv J. W. Bennett, auctioneer, the following property, name-
Lot Number 7, in Block Number 126,
Fernie Annex Extension, plan 90^.
Terms: 10  per cent of  the  purchase,
money to be paid down at the time ol
salo: balance to be paid within 30 days.
For   further   particulars   and   condi-
. tions of sale applv to
Messrs L.UVE  & FlSHEn.
Imperial  Bank  Building,
Fernie, B. C.
Dated this 7th day of November, 1912
gives the "equivalent evaporation.'
This calculation makes the .results
obtained' under .various conditions comparable.     Take another    illustration
a boiler in a central hot water heating
system plant, where the return water
is all pumped into the blow-off connection of a boiler and passes out the
steam pipe after having been heated
and not evaported into steam.    If(.the
water enters the boiler 'at a temperature of 120 degrees and leaves at 175
degrees,   it   will  have  absorbed   55.4
British thermal units per pound, and
dividing this by 956.8 gives .05736 as
a "factor of evaporation."   ' Xo  engineer is going to say he cannot make
a boiler test under such conditions,
and in such a test, if there were. 169.6
pounds of. water pumped through, the
boiler per pound of coal fired, ttaeequi-
valent evaporation in pounds of water
evaporated from,and at 212 degs. F..
per pound of coal would be.9.73.'
The determination of the calorific
value of a coal-in the laboratory by
means of a bomb calorimeter is so
similar to this last illustration that it,
logical' Survey show, variations of 3
to 5 per ceu^ on coal from one car
burned under as'nearly identical conditions as is possible to obtain.- Varia
tions in the rate of' evaporation seriously    affect   the   efficiency.     The
thickness of the fire, intensity of,draft,
and evenness of the befl of fuel are so
closely related to boiler efficiency that
in making a test it should be made so'
thorough' that a heat balance can "be
calculated showing the distribution of
heat as it escapes in the various sourc-
<_s of loss, as well as that used for evaporation. -Such-data add weight to an
evaporative test and show whether or
not tlie coal, the load, the fireman, or
the grates should be credited with the
good or poor results.    If an'engineer
obtains,only'65 per cent, efficiency he
should determine'whether the excessive losses are due to' high flue tem-_
perature, incomplete combustion,    or
an excessive air supply.     The more
important' data of a couple of tests
given in Table 1 will illustrate "this
point:'    The coal used was from,-the
i same car.
" The coal was not at all responsible
is nothing more than a perfectly, tight j the 'boiler efficiency, but it-was prac-
COAL mining rights of the Domin-
Ion, In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the North
.West Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
bo  leased  for  a  term  of  twenty-one
Scars at an annual rental of $1 an acre,
lot moro than 2,600 acres wll be,leased
to ono applicant. „.j„
Application for a lease tm>st be made
by the applicant In person to the
Agont or Sub-Agent of tho district In
which tho rights appllod for aro situated
In surveyed territory tho land must bo
described by section.., or legal sub-dlvi-
slons of nectlonB, and, in unHurvoypcl
torritory tho tract app od for shall b«
staked out by tlio applicant himself.
Each apllcatlon must bo accompanied
by a foo of .fi which wHl bo refunded If
tho rights applied for aro not avallablo,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall bo
wild on tho moi-C-iantablo output ortno
mlno at the rato ot flvo contH per ton.
Tho parson oporatlnR tlio mlno shall
furnish tho Agont with sworn returns
accounting for tho full quantity of mor-
ohnntablo coal mined an dpay tho royalty thoroon. If tho coal mining
rlKhts aro not bolng opomtcd, such
roturns should bo furnished at leant
onco a your. ,. , ,
Tho Ioiiho will Include tho coal mlslng
right.! only, but tlio Iohhoo may bo por-
mlltod to purchaso whatever avallablo
surface right* may hn oonHldoroil no-
cfiHBnry for tlm working of tbo mlno
at tho rato of »10,00 nn nore. .
For full Information application
Hliould bo mnilu lo tho .Secretary of tho
IV'jiartmnnt nr tlir> Intr-rlnr, Ottuwn, nr
to any Agont or Hub-Agont of Dominion l.ninlH,
w. w. rjory.
Deputy MinUtcr of the Tn.i-rto-.
N.n—Unnuthoi l/oil publication of Oils
ad.ortlHomont will not bo nald for.
steel boiler, but instead of having the
water in the boiler and the heat applied from the outside, the conditions
are just reversed; the,fuel is.burned
in the bomb, or boiler,.and the water
completely surrounds it. so,t,hat-all
of the heat is absorbed and indicated
Jjy .the rise in temperature of the water.   If one pound of coal was burned
and the surrounding water, including
the equivalent of the bomb and other
metal parts, weighed 2,000 pound's, and
the temperature" rose 7,250 degrees, F,,
we would havo as the factor of evaporation 7,250 divided    by   965.8,   or
.007507.     Multiplying the pounds of
water per pound of coal, which ln this
caso  Is  2,000,  by  this  factor  give's
15,014 as tho equivalent evaporation
from and at 212 dogs, F. per poupd
of coal.    iHowover, Instead of reporting the results in torms of equivalent
evaporation, as tho chemist used to dd
and as is still common in England, ho
calculates results in British thermal
units.     From the above figures, ono
readily sees thnt the heat developed
by tlio burning of tho pound of coal
wns 2,000 x 7,250, or 14,500    British
thormal units.    If we take tho results
as calculated on tho ovaporntlon basis,
wo hnvo 15,011 pounds water ovnpornt-
od from and at 212 degs. F„ multiplied
by 005,8 (tho numbor. of British thermal units required to ovnipornto ono
\iouiiil of wator undor   those   condi-
tically all up to the fireman. - Table
2 gives the losses which" may largely
be controlled by him.
There are certain features in coals
that the chemist has as yet been unable, to determine with accuracy from
the analysis. • The'imost important one
is the kind  and amount of clinker
formed.     This .varies so much with
the conditions under which the coal
is burned that practical test is^ necessary.    But when the engineer does
make a test, how often does he determine the per cent of clinker formed?
This item is frequently of great iiu-'
portanco, but it affects the capacity
of a "plant much more than lt does
thu efficiency,'   Tho coking properties
ot" n eoal may also affect the capacity
of a plant, while tho efficiency might
not be affected in the least.    What
f,h_ engineer,should determine is what
coals lie cnn burn without being in
danger' of a shut-down w.ltli the heaviest lond, and leavo lt to the'analysis
to rtntermlno which of these coalB will
develop tlio most heat units por dollar.-
This does not mean that the British
thorm.il units alono should be considered, hut tho volatile and a^h would,
be considered as affecting tho boiler
efficiency, and tho' comparisons mado
in this manner aro more accura-to and
Iobb expensive to obtain than if determined by a long sorles of evaporative t,0Bts.—Mlnos and Minerals,   -
mines of Alberta, to accept^the* position at the, Bellevue '.mine, "and "had
only been in charge of. that mine nine
days when, the disaster occurred.- . ^
N The. theory, advanced; in this paper,
as to tbe primary cause of the,'disaster Is, in my opinion, absolutely correct. The verdict rendered by the
jury, at the inquest, read invsubstance
as follows.- ."We do, upon our oath,
say that-" 30 meii came to their death
by carbon monoxide poisoning and a
fractured-ikull, as the result of a concussion of the air, caused by a'cave
of rock in chutes Nos. 76 and 78."
The verdict was based upon the'per-
cussive theory advanced    by   James
A.shwortli, mining engineer, who was
called, and gave expert evidence upon
the   disaster. ,    Although, I  listened
attentively to his  explanation, I could
not satisfy myself that it applied in
this-case;'or that percussion'was a
prime facto'r.in causing this somewhat
mysterious disaster.     That- the .roof
rock in No. 1 seam was capable "of
emitting "sparks  was   shown by. the
evidence I gave at the inquest. ; I had
personally experienced this • facts',7by
striking two, pieces of the' roof rock
together; and, also.'iby rolling a.piece
of the" rock weighing about 15 or 20
in. dnwn-thelpitcli-.ove_--rock_jltMtjiadL
caved.     I obtained the same display
of sparks observed'when "trying out
the suggestion of Mr. Heathcote.-
The miners ,wh'o had worked on the
pillars and.- had: experienced some
heavy caves, stated to me that, when a
sparks created 'by-'th^-striMrig.-rtOT:
gether of the rocWwas.sufficient,.to
illumine the whole place;, making visible the posts standing between Hhera
and tlie caving • rocks,"'an^i "producing
•aWivid flash of light that'resembled a
lightning flash in a 'forest on a dark
night. • -   - - "   ' "'      "'," '  "--•
I also took a sample' of this rock
from the mine and demonstrated ..its
sparking-properties .by striking..jtw'o
pieces together, in'-'the'dark) "in".my,
office, in the presence of Inspectors"
Stirling and Heathcote, Mr., Ashworth,
Mr. Stockett and other members of a,
party, who had made an examination,
of the mine immediately after the explosion.    These fact, impressed on my
mind that the sparks emitted'by the
■falling rocks were the real primary
cause of the disaster;    arid   I   am
thoroughly satisfied, as! it has .been
proven by actual experiment, that the
sparks caused by a fall of roof, in the
Bellevue No. 1 Seam, were sufficient
to cause the ignition (of gas.
Admitting then that this roof rock
was capable of producing, sparks that
would ignite gas, the question may bo
asked;   "Where was the gas?"     As
stated in the evidence, .tlie cave occurred in chutes Nos. 76 'to 78-—a fact
ascertained iby the party who examined tlie mine after the explosion, for
the express purpose of determining Its
origin.    It was found that a -cave had
occurred in No. 76 chute, at a point
about 30 feet above the counter entry. ■ - The 'amount of rock was not estimated accurately, at' that. time, because it was considered dangerous to
remain long in the place as the roof
was. "weighing." . f1, visited the place
again, however,  at  a  hter - date,  in
company with the,pit-boss, John Anderson, to ascertain, for my own satisfaction, the extent of this cave., , -
That an explosive mixture of gas
could have existed at this points^ems
incredible.-as' tiJe^distanjse from'-where"
the cavo occurred, to" ihe-. head.of'the
pitch would, be,>"pprdxima.tely'-250 ,or'
300-feat, on"an'angle of 45;deg.   The
gas.would  naturally-accumulate -at
the'top of this pitch,' unless theVwhole
chute w£S full'o'ffgas down to the cave,
which "appears""Hardfy"probable .from
the evidence of' tKeflegree of violence
of the"'explosion.,.'-., These; considera-'
tions-'raise a "doubt "in. the mind'sis' ,to'
the spot where' the explosion originated.-"   .Tlie' onlyVga.8; in .the'.mines,- ac-'
,Call today': and- select your Greeting;'
Cards^for -Christmas. '■, You will 1U_©7
bur ;-samples.v- J_e dger - Of f ice. 7'": >' y
cording   to   the. evidence," was that
found by Cardeli and Bovio.at the'top
of chuteis Nos. 66 ancf,73. •'.,",.,y,.
,   The plan-suggested .to prevent similar trouble, in the^ future', by filling the
goaf space.to. an extent^that would
prevent a  big cave,"while  being: a
good plan where practicable" would,'in
my'opinion, not.be feasible, under the
conditions  existing at -' the_„Bellevue
mine:   ".This"seam of coal being thick
would require a large amount of waste
or filling-material.     I believe , that
the.paper presented.by Mr. Stirling
and Mr. Cadman will bring out a discussion of such'   mysterious ' explosions that will be of great benefLt" to
•us all.    ."'..■ „
Mine Superintendent.
Coalmont, B.C., Can.
Dumber «
A.. McDougall, ;Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-
; ers in all kinds of Rough.
and Dressed Lumber j
.-During the last two'months the
Toronto Failway Men's Union has .augmented Its membership by over 200
Send us your orders
CRANBltOOIC; B.C. '  -
.Cuii-hri-lRC Iliffhor Local Honours Ccrtincate,
Birmingham University Education Diploma.)
Assistant, Miss Hodgson.' (Diploma of the Col-
lego of Teachers for tlio Deaf and Dumb.)
-  Tcni-s'for boarders and day scholars on application to tho ilcadii-i.-.U-css.
Christmas Excursions
_       i '
to Europe commencing Nov. T"7
to Eastern Canada, Dec. 1
R 0 Y A L
Fernie-Mohtreai, return, 72:15;
Fernie ■ Toronto, return," 67.15;
"     Corresponding Low Rates to points in Vv
Quebec, Ontario, and Maritime Provinces :  7
Bar Unexcelled
All White: Help
, Call in-and
-see us once
cave of this,- roof rock occurred, .the
J. Si Thompson, Agt.
P.O. Box 305,   Tel. 161  .
Shooting Season Starts
Bar supplied with the best Wines,
•Liquors and Cigars'
Guns, Rifles. Ammunition
J. D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture W
Wl--'' >v^
Liquor  Habit Cured
in Three Days
No   Hypondermlc   Injections
'« ' No Injurlou* and After Effect!
Mrs.  EDITH   BENT, Manager.    .
Cranbrook, B.C.
Box 325. Phone 273
TABLE   1.
9r. O. FAU8ETT,
COLEMAN, Alberta.
Office In Cameron Block
All Work Guaranteed <
AnnlynlH of Conl
1 2
Per Cent       Por Cent..
JOHN BARBER, O.D.8., ,L 0 8.,
Office: Henderaon Block, Fernie, B.C.
Houra: 8,30 to 1; 2 to 5,
IlOHidonco: 21, Victoria Avonuo,
Fixed carbon 	
A ah 	
UrltlHli tiler-mill units	
T«iii|»oratiirn of fluo nivus», donrooH V.
l.viiiiorntlcjn from and nt LM2 ..putpi-h 17
CIiih Aimlyuls
7. in
ft. 47
Per Cont
Cur.ion dioxide, C02 Mp.cr.or -Ik.)
Oxyt.«n, OU Mnforlor flu,) 	
Carbon, monoxld _>, f'O 	
NIlr'oKon, NJ .Inferior flu.) 	
Air fxpona  	
Biirrltters & Solicitor., Notorlea, &c.
Offices: Eckstein Qulldlno,
Fernie, B.C.
P, C. Liwe
Alex, I, Flehe'
,   ("mule, 0. C
J Hill   l.i.lllllU'C
Meat ««''d In «.'vui>oratloi.	
Latent hrnt of wator In ronl .
I'rodiwtH or L-omlnmtlou 	
Air osppbh 	
t'liunruoii V.v> 	
Diiliurnod conl In nHlitm 	
Hiidlotlon. «tc (liy dlfforonco)
mi, it
ii ff   I
H.4 -
r. i
Por Cont..
Grafton and Bennett
Are selling Agents for an
f • -
Further details will be given later
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.   ,
Best of Accommodation,
We cater to the workingman's txade
G.A, CLAIR, .'-.' Proprietor
i       » i _•
11-   -fc
Tl _«» *w4«
A. C.
]0  n
1752 .
I00.il l:
TABLE   2.
L.    H,   PUTNAM
Barrlater, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
IVr rvnt
Uohk duo to nlr t>x<*a» ...
1.o»h duo to unburnoil CO .
Lo^a Aw- to unburnwl <"oa'.
I'oi' C!cnt.
Fine Neckwear, Sox,-Caps, Underwear, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, BtiotH & SIiooh, como to
Tames H. Naylor,. Bellevue
*' !■     ______ L7 _.
Kvewtliing'soW witb-a gunmntoo thai if not «ati«-
rnctoi-v. vou can rutnvn it awl get your monoy hank
Ijietoi-y, you can
A Ledger Ad. Brings Results
Bellevue Alta.
Commercial House
' ^Besfc accommodation in the Pass
Up-to-date — Every convenience
Excellent cuisine"
Suitable for Ladies & Gentlemen
H. B. Hineline
Proprietor  I
^^vMmMm* -»  -.
r.i.>,_^p,Tf1inii <»i^VjTir.»httJijiwaHM_iiw
[if* -.,
l;7-7- -
il      '7     >
h   ..
3)      , "
, -.»■',    ,       •      ■   v _>. ■ . • ■        »       », -
A pure, healthful, Cream of
Tartar Baking Powder
When buying an article ol food you: are
entitled to know exactly what you are buying
—its quality and ingredients.
If this information is refused don't buy it-
Some oi the low. grade baking powders are
advertised, but the ingredients of the powders
are scrupulously concealed. ;
A housekeeper would not use a baking powder containing alum if she knew it.
Itjs well when buying to examine
the label on the can. Unless it shows the
ingredient cream of tartar, don't buy it.
Dr. Price's baking powder is absolutely free from alum.
TContinued from Page 2)
gressive Party Is on record-with one of
the'-most violent, vituperative £\nd ignorant 'diatribes against Socialism
ever perpetuated in' American journalism/    By the vagaries of the political
-chess game he', suddenly found him-
i self deprived of the supportl or the
powerful political ^organization which
ne had but recently'controlled.1 VA
new party and a ^new political move-
serve for him-a'measure of political
power. ■ Since it could not be a party
of  the  old-type  stalwart; politicians,
Jt had. to be a party of the people, op*
posed to. the rule of bossism and privilege,1 advocating popular measures
and preaching the gospel of social progress. • The Progressive Party accordingly'ransacked all progressive movements-of the.time, and from each it
took the most popular oUinks—planlts
pregnant with social justice and potential votes, And the vast majority of
such planks was naturally found in the
platform of the most radical organization,, tho Socialist Party. The platform of the Progressiva Party teems
with "principles" and "IsBues" inspired by the Socialist program,
Whether the Progressive Party will
sometime hold the reins of government
of the country, or whether it wlll'dlB-
solve Into Its constituent Incongruous
element and vanish, as so many Am*
erlcan'roform movements have.done ln
tho paBt, ita career le, sure to leavo a
definite imprint on the political llfo
of the nation. Th*. radical slogans
and watchwords which it haa cast into
the brood masses ot the people are
suro to create a social flame, beyond
the power of any politician to extinguish.
Stealing 8oclal.it Thunder   .
Anothor motivo for the enactment of
Socialists measures is frequently
found in tbo desire to phllato or destroy tho offoctlvonouB of tho Socialist
Wlion tho Socialist movement In any
country nauumoH such dimensions as
to bocomo monncing to the dominant
oIiirbob, tho Int-or frequently concolvo
tho Idea of chocking its growth by
malilng connoRslons to tho "discontent-
od" masses, and "Unis stealing tho SoclallBt tlnindor." ;l_
Thus Prlnco Iil«mnrck, whon lio first
Introduced Into tho Gormnn diet IiIb
broad program of rooIi.1 reform, Including lho revolutionary'principled of
, coveriinwnt. Insuranco of tho workor*
nirnlnst slcknesi, accident, Invalidity,
nnd old age, frankly avowed Hint tho
-1'rimnry object of tlio monsuro was to
avert a popular rovoliitlon, Tho same
consideration holdB good for all other
countries, nnd Is more than nn oeldont
thnt tho moUlen era of social legislation
in all countries of Europo coincides
onltfl olOBf.lv with thf* tvnrloi. nt ftn> I nblc* tn tlm prlvllfw . olnfldf .
tial advances'in the path" of social
progress, they habitually fall' short of
the radical demands as originally formulated by the Socialists. - The rul-
ing classes cannot be expected to lay
down al! or even the most substantial
of their privileges by voluntary legislative enactments. Whatever concessions they make to. the workers' mere>
ly touch the surface of the evils of
capitalist exploitation. The' mainspring, of these evils is bound to remain intact, and popular suffering
and social injustice are bound to continue so long as. the'basis of the present social system, the private ownership' of industries, 'persists.--.
When, one-social evil is cured or
partly cured, the Socialists advance to
the next and .more vital'problem!
for reform measures, and they can tor-
mulate them -more rapidly and copiously than the other political parties
"can-"fateal"-them.' The'Socialists do
not copyright their platform planks.
TKey.are"Njreli 'coni&nV'to'have them
plagiarized, or stolen.
The true taBk of • Socialism, the
work of rebuilding the economic and
political structure of modern society
on the lines of the ultimate Socialist
program will begin only when the Socialists wll have the full political control,-of the government, and ..in,, the
meantime they are content with the
role of torchbeartirB of the new civilization, always formulating larger social claimB, always' forcing the next
step In • social progreBi.. - Tho concrete reforms, which the organized SoclallBt movement has thus indirectly
gained and is still constantly gaining
by Its mere existence and growth, are
probably more numerous'nnd substantial than the actual achievements of
all othor so-called "practical" reform
movements combined.
Still more significant for the pros-
poets of tho movement nre the effects
of the Socialist propaganda upon tho
contemporary public mind, In almost all countries »of ICurope the Socialist movemont haa experienced
throo distinct phasoB of development.
Tho first Is one of general ridicule,
which manifests Itself ln absurd caricaturing of Kb aims and character.
This phnso Is Invariably succeeded by
an era of flurce attacks and denunciations from all established organs of
public expression, as a rule accompanied by rigid govornmont persecution.
TIiIh oru roproBontt. tho attempts to
mump out Soclallmn by objurgations
und brutal forco—tlio vnln attompt
which litis mot ovory historical movement for a now order, and which has
always Horvod to vitalize, cement and
Btrongtlion such movements.
Whon tlio SoclallBt movement hns
H.'ivlvo-I both ridicule nml porflpcutl.on,
nnd has' doinonstr'hiort its determine
l'on nnd rnpnclly to Hlay nnd to grow,
It ont oro upon tho third Binge of Itn
existence, tluit of Icing "respected."
By thlB oxprrwo'en lt I j not Intended
In convoy tho Idea tii..t tho SacluMttt
movemont over hnH reached the point
of becoming accopted or ovor, suffer.
Tt will
privilege and wealth, begin to see in
the promises-of Socialism a possible
solution of their ever-growing economic problems. 'They develop a more
serious and sympathetic .understanding of the„ humanitarian ideals of the
new social creed, and many of their
number finish by embracing it' unreservedly.    ' - '
The working classes are the most
direct beneficiaries' of the proposed
Socialist system. As' far as they^are
concerned, an understanding of' the
Socialist doctrine is practically equivalent to its acceptance.' , That understanding has been brought home to
millions of them .within the last two
or three . decades. of Socialist propaganda, and millions of them have enlisted under*, the banner of international Socialism,
A Power for'1 Peace
Socialism has become one of the
great world powers of modern times.
In the most advanced countries of
Europe the governments shape their
policies with special reference to the
probable effect on the Socialist movement. Chancellor von Bulow has
publlcily admitted that fact for Germany, and France, England and Italy
have repeatedly made efforts to induce the Socialist parties to assume
active participation in the government,
by offering cabinet positions to their
representatives. One of the most in-
teresting episodes serving to demonstrate the-political strength of the International Socialist movement occurred but a short time ago, at the outbreak of tlie Italian-Turkish war, when
the prime minister of Turkey official-
ly submi_.o<_ a men.o.ial to the Inter-
nation.I Socialist Bureau at Brussels,
complaining of the arbitaryand 5bar-
barous procedure by which the Italian government forced the' war, and
asking for the intervention of the Socialists of all countries in behalf of
his outraged country. As a matter
of fact, the ■ Socialist movement has
prevented more than one threatening
war within the last deeade. It is one
of the most powerful modern factors
for peace among the nations of
But the most vital and direct test of
the practical results of the Socialist
activities, is their effect on the Socialist organizations. Preparatory reform
measures^ and a favorable state of the
public mind create the necessary atmosphere and environment for the introduction of a new and radical social
order, but the, concrete, task of ushering in such order must be accomplish-,
ed(by an organized force, and the larger and better organized that' force
will be, the sooner will the" change
come and the more thorough and last-
ing"wiirit"lje7   r"""™ '    "     7"*^
,   By the middle of the last century
For a considerable time prior'. to
the stoppage of -work at "the Cumberland and Ladysmith Mines on. yan-
couver Island considerable friction
had been engendered by the treatment that was being meted ;;out to
the employees, this being intensified,
by the unreasonable position taken
by the General Manager of the Company, Mr. Coulson, when he insisted
that no committee from any of the
mines would be "met by the .management to discuss any "dispute or, difficulty .between the company and"the-
employees, the breaking point being
reached on5'September lftth, after attempts had been made by the representatives of District'28, United Mine
Workers of America to take up cases
arising out of open discrimination, by
the company, one man being discharged and another being prevented from
starting work after having received
a promise of employment. *
When an attempt was made to
have the matter taken up by a committee representing0 the1 employees,
Mr. Lockhart, the' Superintendent,
flatly refused to meet them,, and prior
to this had stated to one of the'victims that they did not want him
around and that it was entirely un-
necessry to give any reason beyond
that. The only conclusion that can
be-arrived at in connection with the
matter is that the men have been discriminated against by the company
because they' did, in making the inspection of the mine' at Ladysmith,
provided for by the Coal Mines Regulation Act, report the true condition of "affairs as discovered by themselves,- stating in effect that quantities of gas had been found in several
of the working places. The Act referred to provides that these inspections must 'be made, the mines inspectors going so "-far as to state that
in- the event of the employees failing
to aippoint a committee to make such
inspection, the inspector would appoint the committee, and is purely a
safety or protective provision when
proDerly carried out. When, however," men" acting on such committees
are treated in the manner that these
men have been for reporting truth-'
fully and thereby carrying out the
purpose of the Act, we can only consider tha^ the company are trying
to intimidate the men into attempting- to cover' up conditions that may
at any time threaten the lives of the
men employed. Under such circumstances one cannot'but think that
tlve and permanent membership.
Socialist parties of the world are
clitllit growth and development. In
Knrland the advent of tho SoclallBt
Labor Party In Parliament waa followed by tho old ago pension system, the
trade dispute act and tho mora recent
comprehonelvo social reforms ef
Lloyd-Geor.ro. The United States Jim
for decades bees the most backward
country in tho domain of social login-
lutlon. Tho lost fow yoars linvo developed a strong tendency for rail*
eal nodal reform, aad Incidentally, tha
Ecc.allot movement (n America hat be*
gun to acquire political significance at
about tU aani* time.
Experience hM demonstrated that
the diplomatic effort* to forestall or
check the growth of BodaUsAi by to*
lilatlrs concessions never succeed,
Tb* coBOMSloaa are necessarllj; half-
hearted, and while the reform' wn,
surw thos enacted are often snbstan-
nover roach that point «o long as It
will rotnln Its principal and most vital
objoct—tho abolition of all class prl*
vilegoB. ,       ,
The ruling classes aro probably moro I
hoMile to the Hoclftllist now than they I
woro during tho earlier and weaker
stagos of the movement nut It Is
tho hatred of an cnomy facing a formidable advorsary, a hatred mingled
with respect, and often counseling concessions rather than courting war.
And side by aide with tbe privileged
classes, great (it power, but few In
number*. »r« the large and »om«wln_t
vague ntrata ef society generally styled the "middle" classes, and tbe still
larger and mere definite elaasee ef
wage-workers of all types.
Tbe middle <&*****, wbo reap but
aUsbt benefit* ftoiu tlio preaeat order
and are not bonnd to It by tie* of
Socialism waa confined to a small
group of individuals,and represented
nothing more than au ahstract school
of unpopular social philosophy. Today the Socialist movement has become a recognized factor in the public life of at least twenty-six modern
nations.    '    ■,°
In 1867 the total number of Socialist votes in the world was about 30,-
000. Today, after forty-five years, it
exceeds ten million.
• The Socialist, movement is thoroughly organized. More'so than any other
movement in our days- or in the past.
In each country tho Socialists constitute a party, based on dues-ipaying, ac-
turn leaguod together as one great or-,
Every threo years they assemble In
international congress for Joint deliberation and action, nnd they maintain
at all times a Interatlbnal Socialist
Bureau, composed of representatives
of all natlonnl Socialist parties, meeting in periodical sessions, and transecting business'tlirough the medium of
«. local executive committee and a per-'
mnnont secretary. Tho International
Organization of Socialism can today
mobollze a larger force than any government In tho world.
Tho Socialist organization Is, solid
bocaiiBo it Is not a sporadic creation,
but the result of a process of Btoady,
rogulnr nnd lcgltlmnto growth. It Ib
reliable because it Is composed of men
nnd womon who havo onllBtcd In tho
caiiBo of Soclnllsm voluntarily nnd nro
attached to It by Indestructible ties of
conviction nnd hopo. It In woll trained nnd disciplined by thnt mutual train
Ing nnd uolMnipoBod dlHclpHnn which
alono cnn bo counted on In nn omorg-
oiicy. Tho Soclallflt orgnnlzntlon, Ib
Riipportod by nil othor armies of or-
gnnked lnbor, The trndo unionists
of tlio world, about,iih largo Ui number ns tho SoclallBt voters nml wielding n tromomlouH economic power, nnd
tho cooperative movomont numbering
millions of workorti nnd reprflitentlng
hugo wonlth, aro, with fow oxcoptlonB,
solidly lined up bohlnd tho Soclnllst
II t» thU world-wide organized force,
this growing International army of tho
boc-iAliHt wur.aro, which constitutes
ilti i..__- -.vuc.t-i _, (km mufti inuiu.ft.in;
achievement of tbo Socialist propaganda.—The Metropolitan,
the' issue becomes' one not merely of
the right of the company to discharge
without cause/ but the protection of
the lives of the men in the mines.
Believing that such a condition of
affairs was one that should have the
attention of the Department of Mines,
Robt. Foster, District President, wrote
to the'Minister, and the following letter copy from him. Is -a .clear exposition of what may be expected from
that source when an appeal is made
by the. workers of the province.
ii -
, (Copy.)
'   ' 24th Sept.; 1912.
Robt. Foster, Esq.,, District President
.  U. M. W. of A., Nanaimo, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of
the 21st inst., setting forth particulars of'the alleged discrimination by
the Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir)
Ltd., ' against certain employees acting on the gas committee.
In reply I beg to confirm my telegram of today as follows:
"Have carefully perused your letter of the twenty-first Instant0 and
fall to find grounds warranting an
enquiry'under the Coal Mies Regulation Act.   Letter follows."
Departmental enquiries are governed by Sections 48, 49, 50, 51 and 52
of the said Act, and In the absence of
any   specific   charge   or   complaint
against any .person, or persons, affected by the operation of the said Act,
the Department cannot undertake proceedings'. ,       ' '
I have the honor to be, sir,
Your obedient servant,
Minister of Mines.
That the miners involved- in this
struggle1 should receive the wholehearted support of all workers in the
province goes without question, and
we cannot but regret the action of
the"Executive of the British Columbia
Association of Stationary Engineers if
the following letter, taken from the
Daily Herald of Nanaimo, Nov. 3, is
correct: ' ..
(Copy of Telegram)
Jas Whyte, jr., Cumberland:
, Fxecutive met.    Condemned action.
Cuniberihnd members return work if
possible, otherwise will supply en_i-
,   " CEO. ABBOTT.
.Copy   of  letter  that   followed   telegram.)
British Columbia Association of Stationary'Engineers, Vancouver, B. C.
" October ^0.
To James Whyte, jr.,
Secretary Cumberland Lodge:—
Dear Sir and Bro.—The executive
mtt_,today to consider the report bf
Bro. Dunlop, who was,sent over to
look "into the situation, and regret
very much to "say that the membero
of. the 'Cumberland' Lodge were, very
much .Maavised in. 'part., ipating m
i i-e-M i _ u ble-between-tiH-miners-and-
tiie Company.-' By the members taking it upon' themselves to- get mixed
up in, the matter without even, consulting the executive on a matter of
such grave importance, the executive
is not In a position to' support the
members of the Cumberland Loctge.
We advise .all those that can to return to work, and In. the place of
those who cannot we are sorry to say
wo feel obliged-to sanction the right
bf other members of the association
taking their places. (, 7
_ ' f Yours fraternally,
'The Executive of B. C. A. S. E.,
" .   // Grand Secretary.'
Tho above is self-explanatory, and
it may be said- to the credit of the men
to whom it was addressed that they
have iguored its contents entirely.
The miners have the situation well
in hand and hope as a result of the
changes being now made in the management, to be able to effect a satisfactory, settlement in the near future.
The following letter, which appeared in the Halifax Chronicle, needs little comment. It only goes to show
what a party, placed in power for the
privileged class can stoop to In its anxiety to find positions for its supporters, or to show their displeasure for
any individual who may be non persona grata with the members of a
particular riding. That "head chopping" has been going on since Borden took the reins of government In
his hands is well known, but ln the
case in question one would, have
thought that the milk of human .kindness would have entered. The letter
"To the Editor of The Chronicle:
"Sir,—F was' appointed Collector of
Customs for the port of Oxford in
1903. In fact. I took the Initiative,
circulated a petition' which was signed by Liberals'and Conservatives, and
was instrumental in every way in having the office installed in this town.
During my incumbency I have always
received high commendation from inspectors, and have served the public
in.a competent and efficient manner.
I haye taken no political part whatever in, either Federal or Provincial
elections, but today find myself dismissed from the Customs service on
the pretext of 'active political partisanship.' -
"I am one of those to whom fortune
has been quite unkind. I am sixty-
three years of age, and am not blessed
with- an abundant supply of this
world's goods. Fifteen years ago I
was forced to have my left leg amputated above the knee, and ten- years
ago a similar operation was performed on my right arm at the shoulder
joint (the bone being removed from
the socket). _ So you see that may condition, so far as the performance' of
manual labor 1$ concerned, is a sorry
"The above facts were known to our
representative, Mr. Rhodes, who for a
time seemed loath to advise a dismissal but seemingly in their desire to be
drunk with the satiety which only
the trough can produce they became
destitute of feeling.
"Oxford, N.S., Oct. 16. 1912." '
A lady missionary In China was taking tea with a mandarin's wives.   Thc >
Chinese ladles examined her clothing,
her hair,  her teeth, and so on, but
her feet especially amazed them.
"Why," cried one, "you can walk
as a man!" "Yes, to be sure!" said
the missionary. "Can" you ride a horse,
and swim, too?" "Yes." "Then you
must be as strong as a man!" "I
am." "And you wouldn't let a man
beat you—nol even if ■ he was your
husband—would you?" "Indeed I
wouldnt," the missionary said. The
mandarin's wives loked at one another, nodding their heads. Then the
oldest said softly. "Now I understand,
why the European ■ never has more'
than one wife.   He's afraid."
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Districts, locals, nnd ovon lndlvl-
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fund* tont out by tho International
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Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. G. Subscription'$1.00
per year' in advance. An excellent advertising
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for the' execution of all kinds of book, job and
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Address all communications to The District Ledger.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No. 380
npll._l.l_: are many people who '■.Yjlion asked
* would reply that Capital is (if tliey ■ were
talking to a coal miner) a pick, a shovel, a saw, an
axe or some oilier tool used in Ihis work!' Those individuals do not really .understand what thoy
are talking about hut are repeating what they have
heard somebody else say, perhaps a graduate of
some college or university who lias studied economies as taught in most of the educational (!) institutions of the day. We will not use high-sound-
words, but only the everyday language of tlie man
who has not had an opportunity to cram, (mentally,
of-course) Webster's Unabridged'Dictionary into
his head.
' If a pick, a shovel, or other working tool IS capital, then all coal miners are capitalists. Now -we
all know quite well they are not. or they would
not be digging coal. Hang the tools up in a shed
and they are only pieces of wood, and steel, bul they
are useful when handled by a workingman for the
purpose of extracting coal..
Surely this is plain enough that anyone who says
that the tools used by a coal miner represent capital is ignorant,
Again, there are many who claim to be intellectual (!) that.tell us that brains are "capital. This is
another mistake. Brains are a commodity, whether
they'are calves brains sold in the meat market or
-contained within tlie skull-of a mine'manager, the
only difference being that tlie one. is sold outright
and consumed whereas tlie other is sold, made use
of by the'buyer, but. if not found suitable, is again
thrown .on the market to be offered for sale.' If
brains were capitaMiow is it that thqre are so many
who have intellectual gifts that are poverty-stricken A pauper can, by no stretch- of 'imagination
be looked upon as a capitalist, therefore,brains can-
titnte (neither political nor sexual) can call his
on her '"honor" capital.
. We have touched upon some of the ' common
errors showing -what is not capital. " It is quite true
that it is by such blind teaching that many have
been deceived, yet the working el Ass ought to realize that if 1hey really wish to know they should
not accept as truth that which is taught by ihose
whose interests can best be served by keeping them
(the working class) in ignorance,-any mora than
they could regard the cat as a proper guardian for
' mice, or a hawk for chickens.
Again, we nre told that capital is stored-up labor.
This was used quite extensively during an election
in this constituency by Smiths-Curtis, ,But if so,
then squirrels, bees, ants,-etc., arc capitalists.   ,
Wo have said that tools, when used by tlm workingman are not capital, that is to say, thoy are not
TUS capital. Tools may bo capital, but not unless thoy havo the brand of capital on thornj in
othor words, when they are used to rob tho laborer
of the product of his toil.
Capita! is Hint which comes back to tho class in
control through the exploitation of the labor of the
working classes.
Tn the preceding sentence wo speak of tho "class
in control." and it would probably interest some of
our readers to know what is meant by tlio lorni,
because tliey may say to themselves I here arc quite
a number ol' legislative representatives who are
now or have been, members of tbo working class,
This.cannot be denied, \m\ thnt. in nowise affects
II'" "<■,„!..y „.' the stalenieut.as then are only a
low M. IVs that understand .their true position,
f'Vi'ii though they mny have performed wage-|my-
ing labor before tlioy oblained their presold |j|'l,.
I" »»•' «'"Hf.l .M.IVs. Today those who do under-
stiuid the science of economics |Vom a working
class standpoint are Socialists and as such, inslcad
of aiding in the eonlinuanee of the present system,
limy are constantly explaining tlmt Ihe mot' cnusi;
of flu- evil is the exploitation of the worker, and
tliis state of affairs will eontiime umil he (the
worker4, awakens lo n realization i|mt. ]„> jH subject
to the hiw« framed by those who tire ul7'c lo their
owirinterests.; Look where we may today, tlipre',
are signs of an awakening and this'means ihe oveiN
turning of the rule of Capital and thc inauguration
of a new.epoch in._mnia:__ society wlien animate be=
ings) "rather than inanimate thing's, will, be the
primary' consideration.;  ■';     ■• " -   *- -. -
Jlegardless of every effort upon thp part of those
who control the avenues of communication,. .the
press and the pulpit, slowly but surely the information'1 is percolating through the' whilom apathetic
brain of the wage slaves that the very'act of suppressing news is an indication of the fear growing
in the minds of the master class and their henchmen that they cannot much longer retain the powers of government.     '   ■   -       '
AVe. do not expect'that the change will arrive in
the near future,- because, the age long mental enslavement under which the workers have been kept
cannot b cast aside in. a moment. Still, there,is a
most encouraging outlook noticeable everywhere in
the shape of universal discontent, slowly but surely
being molded into a recognition of what are factors
that create the- samo.
We havo used tho term "exploitation," probab
ly it would not be out of place to cxplain'the meaning of this'word. It means that thc owners of
thc machinery of production and .distribution employs *'hands" who create values out of which they
are paid the cost, of their own production,yviiil'e
the surplus value created is used under tlio genuine
term of "capital," to buy more of their commodity
—i.e.. Labor Power so that more "capital"-can,be
produced.     ■    .
Labor'preceded capital and is enslaved by the
child of its own creation,' but as Labor grows in
wisdom, Capital, as a means of exploitation, must
disappear, and then they who produce shall enjoy,
and "exploitation and "capital" as they are interpreted to-day, become obsolete terms.
TT is:,-inexplicable the obstinacy with which" our
City Fathers "are determined to' withhold all
entertainment and recreation from .tlie public on
Sundays. This in spite of the undoubted wishes
of a vast majority of our citizens. The request' of
(he City Band for permission-to render music in
one or other of the halls in the city on Sunday evenings appears to be a modest oiie. The band being
a sort of city institution", it is difficult to .fathom
the vagaries of our council in refusing the request.
As our only form of entertainment on Sunday lias
been, abolished the least the Council' should do
would be to give us some more "innocent", recreation, and public concerts by a city band one would
believe'could furnish no' objection. We under-'
stand that the management, of the .Grand Theatre
Fernie, have shown a laudable public spirit by offering their house, heat and light free of charge'
for such purposes.        ■ n »
It would'certainly be more commendable'than
-hr.^hgnTur-youTrg-'iiien wallrTlie streets~myno\v
and slush, or drive them to more evil resorts. The
object, liowevei,, is to get ,them into the churches,
but the methods which our City Fathers are using
will just have a reverse effect, and we venture to
say that the houses of worship will now have smal-
l.-'i- attendances than hitherto. The moral reform
element who support thc present regime are demanding an -account of their stewardship, from
their point of view,- and in their eleventh hour of
office these councillors are trying to .make amends
to them. However, our representatives—men
whom the people have elected to carry out their
wishes—are now in command,, and do as they
please—until January 1, 1913!
Tho members of the Brotherhood of Railway Employees aro walking out" in full force, and the Min-
istor of Labor is still obdurate to the many petitions sent; in by boards of trade'asking that the dis-'
pute be arbitrated. In such largo centres ns Montreal, Toronto, ot.o,, the men after going out roturnod to work owing to somo misunderstanding, but
on the error being discovered, iihmedintely walked
out again. A noteworthy .fact is that 'in many
plnces tlie non-union employees without 'any hosi-
Intinn. joined their follow unionists workers. Tn
Ibese circumstances especially, it is. Ihorefore, diffi-
'•nit to understand why our local, freight handlers
should have returned lo work. Truo, thoir de-
iDiinds, in so far ns wagos are concerned, were
granled, bul the main principle for which tho fight
is now on—Ihe recognition of their union-is still
', ' "" If!(1 U)-     Tliey evidently do not recognize
Hint wiihout such recognition thoir apparent gain
!'i».v yrt load into n loss, and tlmt "nn injury io ono
|« '"i injury to all, Cranbrook, which is'n divis-
,,,,»l1 Point, ii wl which numbers mnny members of
' '«' Hrotlierhood are standing solid, and iiu.v vol, bo
Um fnusp of morn serious trouble for (he company
Sntiiwlny is pay day for the C. ?, U. employees )ni'(1
»" .vH Hn- pny shoots, which nro mndo iip',,1; (Van-
brook- f,„. „H point,, fl.om Mnoloo<1, |o   Kont„„||y
Lumling. hnvo not boen sent, out.    Tho men in ntli-
">' departT.„„,tf, now N|nlo JJint m)lm iho-v
'•""les along on tlmt dny thoy too will walk out '
-A meeting of the City Council was
held on Thursday evening,. Acting-
Mayor Morrison in the.chair, and amongst the others present being Aid.
Robichaud,' Broley, Graham' land
Brown.    '"„
. After the report of the City Engineer
was read and adopted, ,'a communication from the Superintendent of Education in connection with.' the new
school addition was taken up and it
was decided to ask .the government for
an additional $10,000 for school purposes., _ i ■
The City Bandmaster made application for permission to give Sunday-
evening concerts and to mate an", admission charge of ,10c.
Aid. Broley thought that as the picture -, shows were now closed,
the band should-not have any better
privilege than anyone else.
-Aid. Roblchaudi agreed, and Aid';'
Brown considered this might be the
thin -end of the wedge for the picture
shows .to open again. Eventually Aid.
Broley moved and Aid. Graham seconded, that the lelter from the bandmaster be filed, and that he be written
to stating that the Council "caiyiot en-
tertain the holding of public concerts
on Sunday night;."
A petition' signed by Messrs Mclntyre, S. Herchmer and, 'Trites was
read asking the Council to put'up a
sidewalk along Howland Avenue, along
side Block 8., It was explained by
AM.- Robichaud that.-he understood
these gentlemen were willing to supply
-the lumber, arid after some slight discussion it was decided that if they
would do this, the city would do the
rest. :      ,   ,
The Imperial Daughters of the Empire asked permission to use the Council Chamber on one' afternoon each
month. , i ■      .
Aid. Brown jocularly asked whether
these ladies were suffragettes or not,'
and as no one seemed to know anything about this patriotic organization,
his question remained unanswered. It
was felt that permission might form a
precedent, and the request was refused.
The City Clerk remarked that at the
end of this year the overdraft at the
bank will be reduced- by $2,000, ^provided that December salaries will be
held over until January." As the salaries for that month, would amount to
about that sum, one of the'aldermen
remarked the city wouyi be no better
off whether the salaries were "paid in
December or January, and that the
city's finances would be, the same as
.lt^AUilC—Q _- fl^/_t_l.«~:-_.__.-:, A__.«  .	
So far $1500 was collected for 1912
taxes, of which only some $200 must
he credited to the ,Road Tax. The
discount on business .tax expires on
Nov. 23, and it is felt that after pay"
day there .will be a rush .to pay up.
. Mr. Brown", as a member of the Fire
aud Light.Committee, stated that with
Mi1. Wilkes' resignation' as Assistant
Fire Chief it was decided to abolish the
position altogether, and in Its place
have only a formal assistant,, who
would take command at a fire In any
emergency when tho-chief was for
any reason not there,, himself. Flro-
man McNlcholas was appointed to this
position with' an "Increase of $15-n
month, which together with his or-
(Unary pay would amount to $25.00.
The feeling of'tho Council was for
still further economy,, and this, together with tho, fact tlmt a now Council
would be eloctod within the next two
months, tho matter of Increase was ro-
"To Secretariespistrict^l8,"U.M:w;7ofl:^ \'' y'-Burmis to Passburg. ,"''•'   -'-: '.*'-. "X'"    7" -S
'Sy   Greeting':-^,^ , [■   y>0'y "''-'  ;"•"    ' ,-'   Passburg' appointed'to Maple Leaf.    ■'' : ~X'y
■■    I beg to advise you'tliat the Executive Board''.' B^aYe,r Creek no exchange.' '- ■" ■/"',  '.\  ..' ■". Jyy,
arranged that "the.Ne^tjral, Scrutineers should take -■;     -.7V.' . y< Sub-District No. 3;."   : .7 . '.y '_•
charge of tlie-eleetioj.af different Locals accord'/"■. Eoyal Collieries;appointed to Chinooi.-:,'  7,-y
ing to the following jist:- ;       -.      ' -...        '-.'  l      nbinnnV ttr.noc •■__«*...., t__;. +.7T...7™...... nitl^Sr
y.t :-
-ing to the following jist:
-.i*  ~. * -   ''
,   Sub-District No.'l
Fernie appointed', to Michel v      ?
Michel appointed'to Cbrbin. r.-"
Corbin appointed' to'Hosmer.
Hosmer appointed to Fernie.
v    -   -        Sub-District No_ 2
Carbondalo" appointed to^ Blairmore.
• Blairmore appointed to Coleman.  •
Coleman appointed to Carbondale. '
Hillcrest appointed to Bellevue.''
"Frank appointed to Hillcrest.' r7
Bellevue- appointed to Frank.
' Maple Leaf appointed to Burmis.'
Chinqplc Mines;appointed to-Diamond City^■ fl
. Diamond^ City''lippointed'.tp- Royal-Collieries;^
yLethbridgo;appointed to'Kipp.-    y  -. >7:y '   '
" 7^faber 102 appointed to Taber 39597 " •   ' "'' 7?
: ' '   Taber 1959. appointed to-Taber J02.._   - V ../"
~^ ; ',,       ," 7 Sub-District No. 4.       -j7 .   *»"'-:
Bankhead'.appointed to Canmore. >" " ' y   "
Canmore appointed to Bankhead'.   "    y° -    v'    .
, ". The appointees are kindly requested to makear
rangements, to'be ready to.take.over^their 'duties
-.,by 9 o'clock morning of the d'ate. of election.'
Yours fraternally, •-
.,"':'"     :'   ' -.;  A. J, CARTER.,- [
.   Secretary-Treasurer.-
. yVe have today visited the new
Mine .Rescue Station installed in this
city, and upon arrival found Instructor Geo. O'Brien and Inspector T. H.
Williams' experimenting in the smoke
room with the Draeger apparatus. The
smoke was so dense,that we'could not
observe what was taking place, but
Geo. O'Brien informs us that In.this
room they have a dummy man, weighing. 15f) lbs. on a stretcher, and also'
something in the neighborhood of 2^0
bricks for building stoppings in the'
Instructor O'Brien,'who is in charge of
this station is busy getting things in
shape.and the apparatus now on hand
comprises two two-hour, and one half-
hour sets of Draegar apparatus, 14
oxygen tank's, with a capacity of 100
cubic feet,- pulmotor,' rescuscitator, recharging pump for charging thg'oxy-
gen cylinders on the Draegar helmets,
a large number of regenerating cartridges, and three electric lamps for
use in places where the ordinary safety lamp is impossible. In addition
there are six or more-sets of the latest
type (1911-1912) Draegar apparatus
coming along, and when this station
is fully equipped there is no reason
to doubt but- that good use will be,
made of the opportunities to-have
Veil trained life saving teams in all
tho mines in the distriot. .The advantages of having such a "training
station are too obvious to' need comment. "" • *
Schedule, of tho work to be performed injl^^sn^ejwjnwin^e_pawis^
;ed in ouf columns next week.
Mr. *A. Macneil, barrister, leaves to-
morrow for Grand Forks,. '    , >.
The Methodist Annual   Dinner
hooked for November 25th.
San Toi was sentenced to i two
months, or- $25 and costs, for having
opium in his possession.
Henry, Howes Roberts, of Frank, has
been appointed a notary public for tho
Province of Alberta. I -
Chief Minty is inspecting hotel licences in Michel, Ifosmer,- Gateway,
Jaffray and other points.
Lt.-Col. Jas. Mackay has been elected
an hon. vice-president of the Cranbrook' Veterans' Brigade.
'. A demonstration of Liquid Air, Radium and Wireless' Telegraphy ' will
take place tonight (Friday) in the
Baptist Church.
^ Wm. Graham, Secretary' Coleman
Local, U. M.,rW. of A, has been gazetted a.Justice of the Peace for the
Province of Alberta.
Mr. Daniels, 'priheipafof the Fernie
Public School, would be pleased tb
hear from parents intending to send
chPdren to school after the Christmas
holiday, at as early a date as possible,
so that provision can be made for
them.       ....
The tournament at the ..Miners' Club
is drawing to a close. , The" semi-
final will be fought out this week-end
between Jas. .Auders, David Paton, *I_.
Turner and 1_. Clarkstonc. ■
The Fernie Band will hold its first
annual dance in the Victoria Hall on
November 26. The full band will be
in- attendance. •   •.
Plernl'iiK that Him wiih I'oit.i.i Into u
llfo of ftlinmo by tlio crying of two
.......li uiiMut-Mt viiiMir..'ii tor rood, Mra
I..,;.. 7
- j<....'.-. <_..., i;,;,<; U'yut
North Avenue, moved Municipal Judgo
fJoliiK to (llHfhnri!" lunr wlim eltr> wan
■rralfinoi) boforo film nt tlio South
Clnrk Stmct Court recently.     Mrs.
    M•*^.-.^V^^   Hi    >»<»»>i    V_l)l_HH.ftH
Hlrcr't ami South WnbnBti Avonuo after 8ln< had nppronchod a number of
Tli.-n; Ih no n<_f'fM-ilt. to make nny
i-ommont on the nl.ov<« clipping, which
• h*» llnntir r li-c- '^•(■.worM nut of a Chicago newspaper. lt'n only onn little
l»rM/>nf on! nf *!.o_i;::uu!__ tha*. ou:u.
fvoyy day of tho year In tho great
< Men or tho land, UV talk of tlto- In-
it.ul.y of whlto ulavory, nnd rriimdnii
aro bfi ig nrwmlsiPii to romimt It, but
all f»lf)i-t nt Hio W,.0,|K <,„,]_
The .inly way In which womanhood
can lie licuiitiricd ami Innoconco pro-
.'    -Hi.   'J;...   lii',Ulii.,:n  ftUIIMIlll>.   rill!
Ii-iihIh ii im] conibliK'H ure dully and uu*
iH-r.'HH.'irlly fftMiif? un tho ,-oh» of ||v-
Iny, Mi'l  diivl.il. thousands of tholr
vlrtiiiih upon tlm Htroota mid Into the
i    , i   ,      ...
.............      ..»„-,>    |,i   iii.^t^.n   ni   not    HO
mnrii tn norm iiilHHlonnrleH to thn no-
culled iionihon, who nro morn morn!
than wi-, but to rononntrnto our offort*
on tho cHinlrinlH, tho bnrlmrlnna ut
hoinu who by IrkiiI mntho.|fi nro .lfr
luiiiPhln , thn linniPH nnd mnrnFq nf thn
|j«or.—ItKit.Htrlnl Manner,
lt.>duro ynvir ruol bill 2_> prfir font
by tiislii" our '.turn window* nnd door?.
Tho Chicago Fodorntlon ot Labor
with affiliated unlotm havlnc 2no,000
inemborfl. recently voted to plnco tho
two llonrfit. pnpoi'fl, tlio AlnrnlTio- T7>v.
unnm-iiting ontlroly tho | lutilnor nnd tli« Evening Amorlcnn, on
liiu unfair li_-i of tlio fodorntlon. Tho
vote was practically unanlmoiiu. Tho
only delegates recorded against tho
iiiHIon wero thoHo.from Typographical
Union No. lfi. Thoro woro 510 delo.
KiitoH present in MtiAjRjfinn* Hall.
Dosplto the Inclemency of the weather good attendances have been tho
rule? for tho wok nt this houso. Tho
throo-roel feature film of tho ioi
Ranch brought forth well merited
praise, nnd other pictures shown nro
Btlll keoplng up win, tho high standard sot by tho ninnngomont. Noxt
weok Lymnn TIowo's Travel Festival
consisting of eight, reels, will lio Hhown,
as woll ns "Hobln Hood" In ihroo-roolB.
Tho following wook, "Paradise or
Purgatory," a four-reel fttibjact will bo
produced. Tho programme for to.
night nnd tomorrow is: "Tlio Laugh
on Dud" (comody) "Tout Hln I nnd bin
Amorlcnn Cousin" (comody) "Whlto
novo'a Sacrlflco" (Indian drama), "Tlio
Flngor of flporn" (drama of long ngo).
Prosldont fltiihlirt hns roturnod from
Vtiupouvor. whoro ho nttendod the Rxo-
Millvo mooting orjlia 1). (5, Fodorntlon
nf 1-ubor. Whilst on tlio iBlnml lio
tooli tho opportunity of vlHltlng Cum.
Iiorlnnd and Lndysmlth,
Tho nnnutil gonoral mooting or tho
St. John'fl Ambulnnco Anaoolatlon at
Mlchol was hold In the Opora Houso on
Sundny ovonlng im, when llio officer
woro oloctod for tho ensuing year. It
wt\n docidod lo commence tlio classos
— «• •«••!. NfccK tu Jau*
unry. nnrlnn the- ronrw _.J Jwla^*,
Instruction nnd domonHtriitlcuis will'lie
Klvon In tho uno or tho Draoirar llfo
saving ApparniiiR. Anyone wishing to
bocomo a mombor of tho asunelatlon
Is ronup4tr.fi tn r-i..
The Miners' Club will hold'a grand
prize drawing on December 21, the pro."
ceeds of which will go towards improving the recreation and reading'room's.
Some valuable and useful donations
have'been'made, there being In all-
somo' forty prizes.     The committee
desire   to   place on record their ap-
preclatlon to the following firms mid
individuals for tholr generous "support:
' W. R. Wilson, suit of clothes, ovor
coat, pair of boots.
Trites Wood Co.; trunk.
F.. Johnson,' suit caso.
W. Mills, Kings Hotel, case of whlB-
key.       ; 7    , y
,N. E. Suddnby, accordlan.
H. F. McLean, silver-mounted briar
P. Rums Co., ham or turkoy.
Crow's Nost Trading Co., sea-grass
chair. -   . -
O Doronbockor, box minors' favorite,
Nnpnnoe Hotol, box cigars,
nulhlo Co,, safety razor.
A\ Moat Mnrkot, roast of beef.,.
King Edward Hotol, box cigars.
J, Alollo, pair boots,
W, A. Ingram, tobacco Jar.
Fornle Fort Stool Browing Co., lmi-
roi bottlo beor. f
P. Carosolln, pair of boots.
District Lodger, lffi.00.
A. J. Carter, $t>.00.
J. W. Rennett. books.
Waldorf Hotol. box Eldorn cigars.
Mrs. E. Todd, lady's pomb.
Pollock Wino Co., cnHo of whisky,
Mrs. Cotton, hnndsomo cushion,
Co-Oporatlvo storo, $5.00.
Contrnl Hotol,-ono V, boor,
J. I), Qunll, sot of onrvors.
A. a Llphnrdt, watch.
A. W. Tllon8tl4.ll, drug storo, dock,
Wm, EsbhwlK, in.OO (Koltl ploco)
J Wood, ono box chocolates.
V, Vnnco, box oIrum,
In a civil case "in which $29.00 was
the 'stake, both the complainant and-
rlt__..*_E_.r, An« L. 'nr~~~. 1 1 _I i '	
uoiuuuuui,—nciu—ujuittJU    Up—lor tWOT
nours on instructions from' Judge
Thompson, as he considered"that iboth
men were perjuring themselves.
A meeting of thoso interested in hoc-
Key will be held in the Waldorf Hotel
dn Tuesday evening next at 8 p.m.,
sharp. Everybody welcome." Enthusiasts claim that this season promises
to bo the most successful ovor held in
Fernie.' .' •   ■.
Court of Revision for the purpose
of hearing and determining objections
to the retention"of any name or names
on the register of voters for the Fernie
Electoral District,, wjll be held nt tho
courthouse, Fornio, on Monday, Nov.
18, at.IO'a.m'.'
Marringo licences were Issued'during tho woek to the following parties:
Jns. Lancaster, of Fernie,' nnd'Mnry
Collins Gorrio.of Flagstone; Wm. Van-
biwklrk nnd Christine. Nicholson, both
of Ferplo; Robort Donaldson Thornton'
and .Grace Struclion Asliford, both of
Fornlo; Clyde S. Tucker, of Spokane,
and Mnud Graham, Lothbridgo.
Anothor opium Joint was raided by
Mio pollco nnd a quantity of tho prohibited weed nnd nil'tho parnphonnlla
for smoking purposes woro found. This
«viui In a Chlnoso laundry. Two white
men wore also arrested, bolng found
on tho promlsos Indulging hi the practice Tho net provides for a son-
toneo of twelve month or a flno of
$n>0, tir both, for the.keepers, und $r.O
flno for froquontora,
J. V. apoldlng, photographer, In
this city, Ik malting a speciality 0f
photographs mounted on fhrlstmns
secretary, A. ll. stncoy, »R early as
Those wbo woro not at tho Prosby-
torlan Church on Mondny ovenlng to
go with Mr. Clum on hi* "Trip to Call,
fornla" missed ono of thn bos! thin™
tnni ovor camo to Fornlo, Tho loo*
turo couttmUHi m a running comment,
glvon,, In vivacious stylo, on tho lan-
tern slides arid moving pictures that
woro flashed on tbe screen. . "im\.
torn slldofl nnd moving pictures!"
k-uu-v i» tiit  nom<. one rfe.nfir.is scornluDy; ond we
Mr A. P. Crrrrlo is now In communfe
ration with Iho Mnslprnnt' Hnlon bond-
 „ (quarto™ at HI, tm\9, Mo„ ,n connM.
""" l,,on w'tb llio nr.™ni™M-w of n local
lip not wait till the *•!. venih hour ;m fcmlo. fllo li«.n bt,n promised good
but ordor your storm doors nnd win- i «"PPort from thn mon |„ town    snd
x.7w__;v,y   fr0r"   K1:NN,:,,V   ««l«l,»"»PM«ol»«veiimrhirterher«wlihln
mamian. ;'be coming week.
know by that thoy wero not there.
Maybe thoy would hnvo boen thoro
hnd thoy known that Mr, Clum's mnchlno cost n good tbousnnd dollars;
that his lantern slides, with tholr ox-
^iitslfo rnTorlngs, whlrh barflo. iloacrUv-
tlon, woro splendid beyond tho lm-
aglulnK.1 of those who did in>i. wit-
noes thera. Wo know (hat all tho
people of Fernio will join together In
•aylngr "When nex. Mr. Clum comes
to town, may I bo there to see,"
Tlio monthly ticket systom Inniigu.
rntod by the innniigoinciit Ih proving
a big success. Mombors nnd tholr
famllloH aro patronizing tho theatre
In Inrgo numbers, nnd the pictures
thrown on the Hereon nro giving; en«
llro satisfaction. Tlckots can now bo
bought from llio socrotary or nt tbo
box office for $1.00, good for nil plo-
turo shows In tho houso from Nov.
IB to Docombor in, Inclusive, Ticket
holders can bring tholr children, froo
of chnrgo, nt tho Wednosdny and Saturday matinees. Tlio progrnmmo for
l,n-nlglit and lormorrow Is: "The Surprise nt Clrolo C" (101 Bison), "Scon.
ti» uu tno itiver Dart," "ijnby Plnvora"
IV.tki d.'V-.'_,u_, "H'ini.ie*i ii i'nmtice"
"fPos'nr romody), "A Cure for Tokerl-
tos" (a Vltnttraph comedy with John
nunnj- "tho Pnt Man").
On Monday tbo Chnraplonshlp RDse-
1*'.'% Cau>v. kiui'dt^ji Uiu VilhlHto nun Mie
Rox Sox will be shown.
By William H. Waynlck
•At some time in your lifo, dear render, you may havo witnessed a sawmill
turning'a forest,into cash: ' No? Then
I shall tell about It.
■ The managing editor of a mill, who
is; called the head-sawyer, lays out a,
log in his mind and works it into
cants. '" The'cants are tlien shifted to
re-saws "and edgers, where they are .
slashed into flooring, two-by-fours,.,
two-by-sixes, etc. • if you could see
how quickly a log is,-turned into
money, or watch the mill owners
speeding in their automobiles, you
would be sorry that you are not a successful timber fhief.  „ .
Taking the"' country ' at   large, the
lumber industry is third in the number of killed and injured, being outdone in.this line by the'railroads and
mines.     In one of these mills, not so.
long ako, a man by the name of Jonn
Drown was killed, the   body .-being
frightfully mangled by a saw.     The
mill was shut down long enough for
the head sawyer to file the saw, when
operations* were resumed without further delay.     ';, ■ .-•   ?- ,
,i It had'been the work of but a mo-*
n.pnl to load John Brown's body into '
an ambulance7and send it to.an undertaker, who has a contract to bury
the dead from tbis industrial battle-,'
field.     All survivors,then returned to"
their tasks, for be'jt known a Puget
Sound sawmlll'is7i busy place.-    .
it, 'a- traveller appeared in: the "neighborhood of the'mill.   On'his "back he
carried something that looked like a
turkey, which afterwards proved to be
a roll of blankets.    He threw the bun-,
dlo behind a lumber pile and walked
with rapid strides to the-mill, office,
which .ho entered.   . ' '
"I havo just heard," said lie, "that
John Brown was killed."-
"Well, what of it?" said the, mill,
owner. 'Have you como here to meddle with my business?" .
"^o," replied the -stranger, "it isn't
that;   I thought perhaps .you.might
want another man in Brown's placo,
and I've come to get tho job."
• It Is a sn'd1 but truo story,, '
Classified Ads. -Gent a Word
WORK Wnntod by the' day by widow,    Apply, Ledger Office.
WANTF1R—Fifty" loadors at now
mlno of Chinook Coal Company, Ltd.,
nt Conlgate, near Diamond City, Alta.
Steady work. Apply to Chinook Coal
Company, Ltd., Sherlock Building.
I.cthbrlflgo, or direct to superintendent, W. p, Thonins, Dhmo'id1 ('liy.
A'b-'i'tu. ■ .jt;2
DIIK3SMAKING..-.A young In Ay,
first clans Dressmaker, Is socking om-
ployrscnt by^ tho wiy. Apply, enro
Mrs. Carlyle," McPhorson Ave., or
'I'll mo 115, nt-lli
WANTHI3-MHN to sell lots In our
AlhiibiiBcn Landing subdivisions; our
salesmen In western townt nrp making
good monoy. The Groat Athabnnoa
Land Co., IR Alborta mock, Calgnry.
FOR SALE~Tivo Itemlnglon Typo-
wrlinrs In good pondltlon, Apply,
Law* and Flshor. <t '
FOIl HUNT.—Four-roomer! Houso
—Apply. W. Mlnton, Lindsay Ave,
Annex, or ."UM," Lodger Offlco.
CJimOPODIST-Corns, Bunions, In-
growing nails, pnlnlcjis trontment;
work dono by appointment. A. B.
Ulnsmore, Ingram's Cigar Store. !3-4tp
W* oil. r oat HundrM DolUrt n. w«m for tnr
»»» at ttaU-.li itu. «nao. l» cured br H»H'#
ui [Ann Cuff.
,„    ^        ^      r.J.ifl.-.>tYftUl., TnlMlft,0,
W«, tht und«rK_n«d. htv» known tf. J. Cb_ii«v
lor tin Ust It VMM, Mid l*|i-V» hint urtrMHy ton,
firfiii* tn  till ntntn^w  rrinMrMtm.1 ;trt.|  I|-u»cl4lly
•Ul* __ nny tm My <ibUu)l«i» nud. l,\- hit firm,
..„._..._       . Tolnlrt. Ohio.
IM'* CtUTtti fitrn 0 Ukw iMnrjtlr. «(1N1_I
ilmnif «m . Um U<hk) mid fuuMnn mirrtrr* of lho
tr«m. TWrtfmnni«l* wm riw, J»rlf« rt c-au f*i
oa«tl».  SoW l>» tit t>.u_(_!»u.
Tutu trttlt FtmBy P.ll _ Ji»t fWiitlpatlon.
at Honvor Mines. For parHeulars
apply to Socrotary Miners' Union,
Vtm 8AL13—Chenp; tmenllod for
Overrent". Rultn, Pnntr. n»td Voo»«« nv
M.'cs. I'Aiitorliim Tnlloiv, over Mr-
! rnn't; Drug Storo. irwt
IlOU8I-:iCBf_I»I2R Wanted for work-
Ing man.    Apply, p, 0. Ilov I02.      at
HOiTai-'.Hoi.n nmNiTtiiiB voit
SALh-—PraetlesHy now,     N. P. Plto,
Ilo*lnnd Avenoo. l.1-3tnp
Preliminary Notice,—The Udlcs Aid
of tho nnptlst Chuic.lt wilt Ivold n
oa!:o nnd npron snlo on Docomoier Htli.
iti rt liniminiri miMiMiliiiiiir**i™T
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"*"".'-;-   '.-:, >■:■■ ■"-,-'- ♦
♦ 7'   .COAL CREEK    '-    . •■', ♦
♦ - - -S- '; y'- - <.♦
The'addition to' the Club-is nearing;
completion.'    It  is1 expected  to  be
' ready'by the end of the present month,
7 A: large number oilmen are'employ-
-ed 9'n the new grade.lo B.', Prospect',-
and"" the mountain - side. now' presents
a.,di_ferent appearance."   «<, '    17-,'
'."Sociallsin, as preached by-Christ,"
is  the  subject' chosen . to  speak. oh
by the Rev. Pearson at the Presbyterian Church'on Sunday, November 17,
'Everybody welcome.
"   Tho committee of the Presbyterian
Church-are arranging a concert to take
placo in the church.    Proceeds iu aid
of church funds.     Come and have, a
good'time.     See bills for'particulars.
Two of our local Nimrods brought a
fine buck deer into camp on Tuesday
evening fronj Elko. Tho smell of
cooking venison now pervades the at-'
raosph'ereJn Coyote' Street. Good
luck to you, Joe. ' ' » I ",
, George Partridge, AV. Partridge and
AV. Adams blew into camp on Monday, from off .the prairie. \V<z wei-'
come you among us, boys.
The Ladies' Aid in' connection with
tho Methodist Church are holding a
cake and apron sale on' Wednesday,
20th. The sale to commence' at 4"p.m.
-Tea will be provided at a reasonable
charge. Also bran-dips for tlie children at .10c. each. , ■   •
The Board of Management, of the
Coal Creek Club have'decided to again
provide the children of the camp with
presents for Christmas., The committees have been around taking'the
census bf .all children under 14 years
of age. *The kiddies are all wearing
the anticipatory smile.
1 The many friends 0..Mrs. H. Murray
will be pleased to hear that she is pro-
gressing-favorably after lier operation.
Jack McPherson arrived back in
camp, looking'very well, after .his experiences in'the Yellowhead"Pass. -
J. 'Langdon,, Steve Hall, J. - McPherson; and W. "Wheeler ,went out to
Crows Nest to the Trites Woods prospect on - Sunday' morning, returning
"back Tuesday, night. ' Nothing,doing
..on account" of snow.   '■ -
"S • ' -, Accidents
4 Mike Koilhmasi'-was removed ' to
Pernio Ilospital.on Saturday'night suf-
sustained by a car breaking away 'and
running into, him' while following" his
employment at the foot of No. 1 'North
'incline.'-'   >, •
..Joe Culshaw sprained his. ankle
while following liis employment at No.
71 North,fan.';  .- ;"' '    .;-.*■•
-Charlie Heskcth is limping around
jas h.,.consequence of a car. running
ever his too while at work oh the tlp-
i)ie;'.        .   ''  "      .    •   4 ^   •
their, arguments ^the ,, question was
thrown open to 'the audience, for - discussion.. As none of the church mem-t
bers seemed to have, anything to say
on the; question. ' -A.. McRoberts, was
called upon'for.an expression• of his
opinion, arid, he Twas "Johnny on (1the
Spot1" H& pointed^out that the man
on.the street,is practically the working-man, that the church members are
mostly composed of rich people and
business men? and that the church, as
represented by them had no sympathy
for the working class. He went on
to say that the church. was financed
by the rich, who went to church on
Sunday, and the remainder of , the
week' was spent in devising new
schemes f,o further rob-and oppress
the working mnn--the producer.' He
was followed by Mr. John Serrlo who,
In a" few plain words gave his opinion as to why he did .not think the
church-appealed to the man on the
street. Mr. Lynn, principal of the
school acted as judgo of debate, and
gave a good summing .up of both
sides, but then went on and debated
the question himself. As a church
member he did not- want to see the
affirmative carried, and practically
told the people they sfiould vote against it, ' The negative carried by
four votes. '' However, those people
have something to think about for
awhile. Before and after the debate
the audience was entertained by different singers, who were, much applauded." After the vote the miners
went home and the church-goers stayed, for' coffee and cake.
A lecture will be delivered on Sunday,'in the Miners' Hall, at two>p.m.
by J. R. Knight, of Edmonton. Subject: "Socialism."- • Everybody invited. ■ "    '.
By Wearie Willie.
M D. McLean paid a visit to his wife
and family in Michel-this week. No
.place like home, -Mike. -
_    "
-The Odd Fellows gave a dance last
Friday 'evening, wlien quite a big
c'rowd tool.1 the advantage of such an
enjoyable .evening.    -John Ireson and
the young son of Mr and Mrs. A." E.
Knosvles/ '    y
On Tuesday, October 29th there/was
held the funeral = of Comrade Victor
Alaffe, at the Presbyterian-Churcii,-
t-'oleman.. The, ceremony was noble
and imposing. Comrade,Jean Iim-
mermaiis directed the funeral. - The
committee of the U.'M. AV. of A", were
represented by their sympathetic President, Frank Leary atid Secretary
William Graham, as well as several
members of different committees. At
the graveside Comrade Alin Lemal delivered a funeral oration', which made
a deep impression on his hearers.
• __ very pretty wedding was solomen-
.'ii'd nere on Thursday cv2.iin_. ii; ihe
_rst!tul>r.-!inl Church by Rev, Ai-
Mui'-ay, the contracting canity be'ng
..i'ss Aiiiia Gregory and _!"- Jol.n
Nu-.!-, mid ytss Nellie Grozv.'v 'o-V'i,
Alc.\... •- 1-pston. The bri.!:>{ ;.-a!-.;••
(.'jiieiv.-d llio church at eight o'cl'o'i-k to
Ihe rtra'i.s of the weddlng'-tv-ii-h, -M.&s
Anna lr-cning on her fat'w s an'n
v.-.iile Viss Nellie followed 3iippv_."ed
by her brother, Air., John Gregory,
where they were placed under an arch
beautifully decorated by Miss JI. Porter. The brides were dressed both
alike in white satin trimmed with
pearl bead trimming, with veil and
orange blossom, and carried a bouquet
of chrysanthmums and ' maidenhair
ferns. .The 'bridesmaids were Miss
E Gates .'for Miss Anna, and Miss C.
Easton for Miss Nellie. The groomsman for Mr. J. Nash was Mr. Leonard
Ridgeway, and for Mr. A. Easton, Mr.
J. Gregory. The bridesmaids looked
charming, being dressed in' white silk,'
and certainly did justice to the occasion, while the, groomsmen ' abl.v, supported the grooms. • After the cere
mony the company repaired to the
Eagles' Hall, where tlie reception was
held.. Everything being in readiness,
about one hundred guests sat down to
the sumptious repast, which wiis
spread in the hall. After the supper
was over toasts-were drunk to the
newly' married', couples, the groomsmen, bridesmaids, friends' and relatives and the entire company, to which
all heartily responded. Tlie tables
were then' cleaVed and ■ dancing was
in,full swing till the wee"sma'. hours
of the morning, all voting a good time
and wishing the ib.rides and grooms
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦,♦♦♦♦♦
If John Warlaby, brother-
in-law of Winounskie. (deceased) late of Corbin, B. C, will
kindly ..communicate with Dis-
♦ trict Secretary'A. J. Carter,
♦ he will hear   of ■ something '♦
♦ which will be to his 'interest.   ♦
♦ " ♦
♦♦♦<►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦ ♦♦♦
The mlnos In this vicinity nre working full time, • Tlio Canada Wost mln©
is hoisting about eight hundred cars
per day.1 Most of the'old hands are;
back from their homesteads aiid quite
a fe,w mon are being hired evory day.
The box ciir supply sboras pretty satisfactory, Thero has beon sovoral
accidents to the machinery lately. The
fun'engine went to pieces a couple of
weeks ago. In somo way tho engine,
went dry and got hot, and thero was
hardly enough left to hold an Inquost
-ovor. It nocossItatcR the purchnso of
■n now eiiRlno. "in tho meantime.the
fun Is propelled by n traction engine,
On' Thursday tho mine closod down
- for hall a day owing lo an accident
to the -.orceins. .
'Joo Mclntyre hns roturnod to lho
pewer houso In tho placo of John
"Tliorloy, who,wns dismissed nftor tho
iic(UU.i,i to the fan engine At this
collloiy Iho power houso man nttonds
to the t\yo Jobs,
.Ton Sneddon started work the flu.r
o* th enifinth.   •
Tom lllgiU'i) is working al Buporlor
'Mines this winter.    Thoro Booms (0
■a demand for men   nt   thoso mines,
and from all accounts tbo eight hour
not Ih bolng violated dally,    Thn mn-
■clilnomon are glvon   to   understand
tbat tho romprosHor runs from seven
to five, and thai ihoy want coal cut
during thoso hours.   Thoro Is no union
at those mlnos.     Tboy are operated
by llio namo compnny that own Rock
Springs,    - '      ,
Davo Ryan has mndo a start as loader tn tho big mlno.
Munlolpsl Dolnos
Tho Tnbor municipal elections tnko
ninor> nnvt wnntv ti.im-* nre nc ._.;;
dldntw. In tho field ns yet. Thn mln-
ors rnn two candidates last year and
polled a good voto, but did not placo
tholr mop, We hopo to do bottor this
year. At present tho Council is composed- of business mnn nnd ronl />atit»>
.Tcalero, and lllto the inijorlly of their
class nro more Interested in attracting peoplo to buy tholr land than In
mnklng tho town a docent "placo to
llvo In.
'A debate was hold In tho Mothodlst
Chunb ;• few days a«o on tbo question: "Resolved that the church'Of
tlio vvciit dues not appeal to tho man
on tbo itreet." Tbe affirmative sldo
was tnl.cn by Mr. Vlckory nnd Mr.
Tnffly, nnd the negative my tbe Pas-
tor, Mr. Hawkins, nnd Mr. Stanley
ll.ff.h.    After tho principals hnd mado j
which was up to everybody's liking.      perity.
1 Arthur Rowley -paid a visit to Corbin this week.     "Full" up!" was the'
cry. .;;; • ..,    7     i ■ - "     .
,- Mr.. Eddy was in Corbin this-week
on business.
Jack-Steward stuck a pick in hi*s
foot, but are. glad to see. him knocking around again,
The Newman boys nre leaving Cor-''
bin to stay with their parents.who arrived in Michel this weok from tho old
country. We Bhall miss you, Frank,
as., ybu are.tho-only piano .player in
Lost, stolen or strayed,,,a revolver
nnd box of cartridges from the lamp
cabin;  - A handsome reward •will be
given to the "person who returns thorn
to Joo Crooks, .   ;        '  .    .   , ,..
••.Billy Reid Is a visitor to Fernie this
week.       '' '■ ■   -   ' *..'■■'■. y
'Tho'postmaster wnsjn Corbin this
"wook to transfer the PoiJt Offlco to
Goo, Spencer, ■,,      ',- •   , -"
. ■ Thomas Williams, Inspector of Mines, paid his usual visit to Corbln and
examined tho mine, '.
(louchlo, apply to R, Garbutt, or
Mlko McI<oan, nnd you may bo ablo
to got the rabbit you lost, as thoy
wdro hoard say, "Whero .loos Gouchlo
koop lilu rabbits.
What's llio matter, Jim, you look
quiet these days. Aro your fool still
A tunnol ls being ro-tlmbprod with
timbers .1 foot In dlumetor, It shows
that our super Intends to have good
linulngo roads.
Tho output of No, 1 mlno Is seven
hundred tons por day, which Is a record for n long.tlmo,
Goorgo Pohui can bo soon' bimy
shovelling snow those days. Goorgo
says ho wouldn't enro If It wasn't all-
box- cars.
Plrst-elnss pictures aro now bolng
shown two nights a week In Corbln,
Vlncont Joy bolng tho mnn nt thrf
Corbln Is still working steady.
Corbln wris quiet this wook-ond, lack
of Mutzerlne being tho cause,
Paddy King, an ohMlmor In tbo
pass, was taking In thn sights or
Corbln a couplo of days this wook.
00«4»««44 #•<
Everybody'come to thc Opera Houso
and see.good pictures. Five thousand
feet of pictures' shown every -night,
also all the latest music. . Tbe 'hall
is comfortable and warm,, and a good
place to spend these cold evenings.
Come along and bring your wlfo and
children; und you, young men," bring
your sweethearts and give them a good
two hours' amusement'by seeing some
of the best plays put on the stage
In all parts of the world. ^ Everybody
welcome. • Como one, come all! _ Don't
forget the place—the Coleman Opera
House and Miners' Ha.l,' Union men,
don't forget your own interests. Patronize your" own hall for your, own Interest. Don't forgot1 the place'. Popular, prlcos, 10 and 15 cents. Doors
opon at 0.45. Show starts- at 7.15
sharp. '■   t I '        ;
Tho mines have boon working
steady here of Into and qulto a lot of
now men''-linvo started''tb work, both
at the International and McGlllvray.
It Is reported that the companies have
lots of ordors and prospects look good
for a. good winter's work.
Anothor ono of our Coleman boys,
In the person of James Scrra, has tnkon unto hlmsolf one of the fairer sex,
Wo nil wish you and your happy brldo
many years of happiness nnd prospor
Hy. Tho happy couple havo gono to
tbo const for tholr honeymoon,
Wo woro pleased to soo our old
friend Mr, Porks, tho druggist, lu town
for n ftuv dnys Inst week,
Tlio Opora Houso Is kopt busy thono
dnys and theatregoers cnn expect nomo
good players In the near futuro.
MIhh Mrtgglo Roll of tlm Hosmor
IIOHpllnl staff spent tbo week-end In
town visiting frlouds, .
The pictures of llio 101 Ranch which
woro shown hero on Tuosday night
woro well worth Booing, ns thoy doplot
scones from real ranch life In tho
west, and nnyono wanting to seo somo
ronl good bronco riding will do well
to suo them should thoy pans this wny
Mrs, J, Grafton nrrlvod homo last
week-end after an extendod visit In
the old country, Sho wns ncconipnnl-
ed by Mr. Oration's mother and brother, wbo intend making tholr, bomo
horo In Sunny Alborta.
Mr. Asplnnll, mlno Inspector, was
»mn ing mo camp hero this week-end
_'.<j hit, jy_-i«J__-' J.'._i«;v.(_oa ut Uiu minus,
his health improves arid that ho won't
have to go away on that account again,
At the last regular meeting, of the
Local Union Mr. Fred Roper was elect-
eu Vice-President in place of Ed. Fraz
er, who has left. At the same meet-'
ing Mr. William Duvis was elected
Recording Secretary In place of Alex.
AlcLeod who has left and gone to work
a few miles from Lethbridge. o
Tho rumors nbout Fred Lewis, the
master mechanic, ;,that be was going
away was only too true, He left
at the,beginning of last jveek. 'Before he left the boys got together on
the Saturday evening to give him a
send-off. There was a large attendance of friends and well-wishers, over
which Mr. .Tom Moodie presided. After a few songs and recitations, Mr.
Lewis was called upon, and in a1 few
remarks the chairman made suitable
reference to the time Fred had been
at Beaver Mines arid spoke the mind
of all in saying- we were "all sorry to
see him go away. The chairman asked Mr. Lewis to accept a small present in the' shape of a roll of bills
from his friends, at- Beaver Mines.
Fred, in feeling terms, suitably
acknowledged the kindness exhibited
by- the boys saying he would long remember Beaver Mines.' Then the fun
, Air. Jack .Bowen who has been at
Lethbridge'for a.few days returned
last Saturday:   '    '    ,y
Wilfred Bainbridge has been laid
up this, last two weeks with rheumatic fever.
Tom and Jack Ord have 'started
work in the mine. They have quit
ranching for'the winter..
- The lathers are busy'7on tlie new
houses and they are working late these
nights. "Some are ready for plaster-
are waiting on. houses.
Bob Bi-own'has,taken the place of
Fred Lewis as master mechanic.
Mr. Crosby has offered the Local
Union a lot oh his townsite to'build
a hall on.       . !        ,.
Sam Butcher, bf Michel,'' has' started
work here" as blacksmith. Not so
lively as Mlchol," says Sam.  ,   /
It's tinie the" people of-Beaver Mines
were doing something towards getting
a daily mail service instead of twice
a week. Then again the time is loo
short from the mail arriving till it
pulls out ngaiil. Witli weather, like
we havo at present tho mail does not'
arrive till between 12 aiid 1 o'clock,
and by the time the postmaster gets
tho. mail sorted out It Is near tlmo for
the', mail to go out again,, so that anyone having correspondence of importance to reply to by roturn1 mall does
not hnvo .tlmo to do so before tbo mall
closes, ■''" :,
Airs Birmingham was in town'last
week from Ontario, visiting her parents. On Saturday night she left
for home, accompanied by her mother,'
Mrs. Beach ,who has gone East t»
spend the winter.
Air. W., J. AfcGowan, of the Hardware Store, has been .in Passburg
tliis week installing a heating system
in their new school.. . '-
Amongst those whose houses have
been transplanted from danger "across
the line,"- during the past week, is
the homo of Air.-J. Atherton..
. Mr, Ed.' Donkin is preparing fio
move back from Blairmoro to one of
the houses In-New Frank.
Rudolph Kosas moved from the
house noxt to the hospital this week
to his new house next to Frank Ma-
lac's. ■
The Co-Operative opened on Monday
morning' for business. The new
manager, Air. Jean Schnurr, arrived
from' Calgary on Sunday. Mr. Frank
Wejr is assisting generally around tlie
store and Vincel Poch is driving the
rig. -
Stacey Smith left on Wednesday for
his home in the States,- having received a wire that his father was sick.
(For other Camp  News see page 8)
Wants Carpenters to Organize
A correspondent writes:
The town of Lundbreck is on" the
boom. All the aristocrats of.the upper ten,circle being as busy as bees
this morning with coats off and shirts
sleeves rolled up laying new wooden
sidewalks. Since the real estate offices, opened this morning the value
of property has risen 100 per cent, 'i,
think it would, be advisable for the
carpenters of this western country to
form a union if they wish to maintain
a high standard of wag^s as the gen--
try around our.booming burg are likely to make pretty good carpenters.
Don't forget to try Eastern's
^yiien you want
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
Hardware and Furniture
Wo have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
. in the Pass.    Everything in
Stoves and Ranges Furniture
Granite & Enamelware      Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing: and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANK, Alta.     P.O. Box 90
• A lady missionary in China was taking tea with a mandarin's' wives.. The
Chinese ladies examined her clothing,
her feet especially amazed them..
. "Why," cried one, "you can walk-
as a man!" "Yes/to be sure!" said'
tlio missionary, "Can'you ride a horse,
and swim, too?"' "Yes." ' "Then you
must be as strong.as a man!" "I
am." • "And" you wouldn't, let a man
beat you—not even if he. was your
husband—would you?" "Indeed I
wouldnt," the missionary said. The
mandarin's wives loked- at one another, nodding their heads. Then the
oldest said 'softly. "Now I understand
why.- the European. never has more
than one 'wife.   Ho'b afraid."
to 10.30
___—JCOi-E M AN—
~ O Ol
■ v *
Prices, 10c and 15c
♦ '
F. M. Thompson Co.
The Quality Store
Blairmore,  Alta.
(Itocolved too Into for publication
Inst weok.)
Mr. h, Plotehor, of Crow'H NpAt
p.,™ ».»n',; v!.'.;.'..;;- :._ ..*_... if*. tUi
wook-ond on hit way to CMirary.
Tho ttork paid n vlHlt to lho homo
ot Mr. and Mm, Clmrllo i.an'pboll on
Novombor 2nd nnd loft II b)jnt'lnR
big boy. Mother and baby tbinu fine,
ni/d oh! how Charllo imllfl*.
X very quiet wedding \y.i» rwluhut-
«?d, horo on Friday. Nov.in.1w Ih., nt
llio Kngllvh Church, when Mra. dm-
mont wm united In matrimony to Mr.
Thom«« no}le, W« und^ritnnd tltst
thf* hqpp)- couplo hare Kona to the
[coast for their honeymoon.
Died, on Saturday. Novombor .'nd.
♦ <»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«•♦
Mr. Brim NIcholKon, nn old-timer of
llenvor Mines Ih bnck In camp ngnln
nnd hoi itnttod work at No. I Mlno.
Quito n numbor of n^jv* men linvo
*tnrted work htrn nnd It'll bcgtuuinK
to look tt tinny plnco now whon. you
».>(» tli/» men c-lmnjTlng alilfia.
Tho company liavo made a tttart on
their now warehouse. It's badly
needed ni tliey havo qulto n lot of
atuff on hand,to koop undor fovnr.
\\> am t.!.i_»H to I*© AW..M MiAu
toy homo nnd nt wnrk nptfrt.   V'c Jio.n.
' Il > *
. Dr. Wnrnock, M,P„' was in Frank
during tlio pnsl wcolf.
Mr, Wolfltcnholmo Innrtod' In town
on Wodnoadny from TCnglnnd to visit
his undo, Mr. Bkoriloy.
Mrs, P. II. Dubar find, Mra. Honry
upont Wodnoadny In Fernio.
The Rtil-joct of tlio Hormon ul tho
MothodlRl Phumh nnyl Sunday will bo
"The Light of tho World." Text,
.1 oI.n vill, 1»'. An opon (IIbuuhhIoh ut
lho oIoho,
Hydnoy- Uohh wun In town last week,
fllnco leaving Frank lio lias boon net-
lug nn poHtmiiHtor ut Luiidbrook.
Mr. J. HoihIoi'hoii, lioad innnnger of
tlio work carried on liy llio owiiora of
tlio Frnnlc Mmo Co., enmo to town
from Winnipeg on .Monday, mul Ih
lookliiK nftor llio properly of tlio company hero. |)iirln.f ilm piiHt Humnicr
tlio two ltlliiH have bcun worM.Ur nil
tho tltni), nud thou nil tlm onloi'H could
not bo flllod. To moot tho KrowliiK
d-timiiul for tlio Kooil grndo of Hmo
tlmt Is produced, tlio inniinffonioiit
luivo decided iu uicct anothor kiln.
Tho work of clenrliiR nwny tho ground
will begin ut onco.
T,imt Pflhirilnv n  pnrt;» nf "m-w Jlw«l
Iniifl loft on tlm noon trnln fnr n trip
to tlm old lnnd. AmnnRRt thorn'wnn
Mra, Clum. Mnntolbottl and family,
.vim formerly livod In tlio section
Iiouho horo with Mr. Montolbottl, noctlon bonn.
Tlm now noctlon Iiohh |h Mr. Kr<»d
AdmonlRhll who movod to town last
Saturday, nnd In roiddlni. In tho unction houso.
Mr. I<_korgloy, of tbo 41 shop, upont
Sundny In Coleman.
HIhIiop I'lnkham, of Calgary, pain*
oil  thr.-iif.-t   town   on  Hunrlny ou  hid
wny to HllJcreat.
Groceries.      Sole Agent for
Roses Flour
Selected, Teas,   Pure Coffees and Spices,    Finest Creamery
Butter and Cheese.     .Canned Fruits in Variety.
Choice Syrups and Molasses
Dry Goods     Crockery     Clothing     Boots and Shoes
A complete assortment of goods usually kept in a First Class Store.
Foreign & Domestic goods of every description,   Goods delivered promptly, free of expense.   Phone 25. or call and get our prices.
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries, Dry Goods, and Genera.! Merchandise
m* threat tnA tnnn
r.m.f (Hit*. »n,f hen
The People's Store
Owned by
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
We invito tlio inspection of tlie
public to onr Htoek wl.iol. is absolutely
fresh and ohoioo in everv nHrhVnlnr.
\i7(i have ono of tho finest stores
tho Pass.
We are iu every way suited to
supply tlie public with quality ^oods
t\t living prices. TouM you expect
if T
~"^ .<..'"-'-■'    ^   *^'     ."
" -*-. V/fcsyv'y.yy '.-'77 >•/ 7
^ . ^-.- .--*.
\"f '•
I Y*
-.   TEE'DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C., NQVISMBER 16,1912." 7^r/.:;TV^;>,y^;"' \.%-\' '^;?'<>. V'^ ••-■-"■'':^.'>
Science, Industry
and Commerce
Hand Mills, P. O., Alta.
To the Editor, District Ledger.
Dear Sir,—At the end of the nineteenth, century many remarkable facts
were laid bare before the thoughful
observer by science. People in every
profession of life are bound to admit
that it has in many ways outstripped
anything in the past and has achieved
tasks that were, thought impossible at
the commencement of the century. An
entirely new form has been given to
the whole of modern civilization, not
only'by the great theoretical progress
in sound knowledge of nature, but also
by the practical application of such
knowledge in science, technology, industry and commerce.
The discoveries In the inorganic
world are equally as important to
society as those of the organic world.
Physics has made astounding progress
in its own province, in magnetiBm,
electricity, mechanics and thermo dynamics. It has also proved the Important fact of the unity of the forces
enveloping this entire universe.
Today we are living In' the age. of
commerce. International trade and
communication have attained dimensions beyond the conception of any
previous age. We have surpassed
the limits of space by, telegraph and
telephone; we owe it all to the advancement of physics.
It is very well known how much we
have surpassed all previous ages iri
science, industry and commerce that
we need not comment upon the question any longer. Thus while we gaze
' with pride into the crystal of the nineteenth century and admire the immense progress made in the knowledge of nature and its practical application, it fs with regret that we
find a very disagreeable picture when
we turn to another but not less modern life. The words uae-I by Mired
" Wallace will clearly explain the matter: "Compare with our astounding pro
gress in physical science and its practical application, our system of government, of administrative -justice,
and of national education, and our entire social and moral organization remains in a state of barbarism."
To convince ourselyes of the truth
of this statement we only need take
an unprejudiced look into our-public
life or glance at the pages of the daily
papers, and there we can begin our
review with justice. No one can
maintairniiat" Its-condition" todayTs"
New conditions of oppression, new,
forms" of carrying ori the class struggle have been substituted^ for the old
ones. The various classes of socleiy
have te.en reduced to. their lowest
common measure. The capitalist
ctess that own everything;^ .even the
ntie&ns of our existence,.the machinery
of production, and the working, diss
every  thoughtful  man  to  shake his
head in despair.     Many who occupy
the bench ^judgments less in ac- j^^f?;™™1*_J!?!!!!*.?^J*t
cordance with their own convictions
in harmony with the advanced knowledge of man and the world. Scarcely
a day passes in which we cannot read
of judicial    decisions    which
than to appease the brutal wishes of
their industrial gods. In many cases
their education is very superficial
concerning the, peculiar objects of
their activity, the human organism.
The unsatisfactory condition of our
political world is very apparent. The
civilized world, in spite of all its institutions,- is governed by absolute
despotism. It is said that Lord Chesterfield told his son to go and see with
what little wisdom the world is gov-
erned. Yes, if the producing class—
tho exploited class—the wage slaves-
would only take such advice he would
not vote for his chains to be gilded
but would awake to his interests. He
would become class-conscious and-
make a courageous effort to"obtain his
emancipation. Ignorance is the enemy to reason. But today no man
should be Ignorant of the workings
of the, law factories. We have the
daily press, the organ of public sentiment, so they say, but in many instances it is only used as rags to
blindfold the workers.
Now we, the working class, have
our own papers published' for our
own interest, and from them we can
glean sufficient evidence to know
that the law is only a curtain made
to cover the Interests ^of the capitalist class.
Having briefly described , the astounding progress made by science
during the last century, it is necessary that we analyze the economic
system of society and see if these
immense discoveries have been used
to benefit the human race. We do
not need to stretch our observationv
very -far to learn that with the development of industry not only does the
position of the proletariat become
more precarious, but it also concentrates us into greater masses.
In earlier historical periods society
was divided and subdivided into classes or castes.
In ancient Rome were the patrie-'
ian knights, plebeins, slaves; in Europe lords', vassels, burghers and
serfs. These classes or casts.were
continually at war with each other.
These conflicts were sometimes open
—at other times concealed, but never
ceasing. The class struggle was constantly going on. 7
—Modern- so"cietyr"which™aTOse—fronr
the ruins of.the feudal'system, with
all its great developments in industry
and commerce, has not wiped out the
cause I class antagonism.,
blood to offer in'oxchange for a measly existence; . The class struggle
arises and is'inhefent in this scientific form of slavery known as wage
There are yet a few who are neither
in the Capitalist' Class nor- the Slave
Class. They ' are unclassified . hybrids, swindlers, but the veil. that
separates them from the wage class is
very thin and is liable to'be blown
away at any moment. Then we shall
see them seeking consolation in the
ranks of the proletarian. It is very
ofivious that the Invitions and discoveries made by science have had little
or no effect In alleviating the condition of the working class. Everything has been monopolized by the
capitalist class and the workers have
been forced to the lowest form of
servile labor—wage slavery.
The wage system of labor Is coercive. It compels the worker under
a penalty of hunger, misery and dis:
treBS to obey the dictation of the master class. The individuality and liberty of the wage worker is destroyed
by Ilie wage system. The producing
class are by their economic dependence and by the priests of the golden
calf, kept in ignorance and fear. It
is true some of them are allowed to
vote, but even then bribery, intimidation and hypocrisy are practised on
tlie ignorant voter. They vote but
only upon capitalist questions. The
government itself is the instrument
ad debating club of the capitalist
class. They are given the permission
by the working class to make laws
to perpetuate their vile system of
The next great capitalist question
will be the naval policy. '  Politicians
of many brands will appeal ..to the pa--
triotic spirit of the laborer; they will
be waving the emblem of our servitude—the national flag.     Patriotism
is a great cloak ,that hides many a
scoundrel.'    Of what "use is patriotism or a navy to us as workingmen—
producers?   A navy means more protection for the interests of the capi-'
tallst'class. ' What have we'as slaves
to protect?     We have not even freedom  or   liberty,   arid. the   means  of
our existence is owned by the profit-
mongering capitalist.     He that owns
the means, whereby I live owns my
lifer-^-No'doubir-some- of-us-who -are-
in the army of unemployed may get
a job and become government assas-
s'ns on those  great mouthpieces of
civilization—thev Dreadnoughts.
. Consider, fellow workers,-your productive power. - The railways, mills,
mines, factories, elevators, steamships
7- all have been produced by the com-
bined energy of the working, class;
The problem of production has been,
solved everywhere; production is so'
£ieat-that it outstrips consumption:.
The evidence.is seen in the lockouts
which cause starvation' and misery.
The, problem is no longer how to produce, ,but how to find markets. Of
what .importance, is it to, the wage
slave wljether the capitalists,-go to
Africa- or.Asia iu search of markets.
The only concern of the.working class
is to'defend .and maintain His standard of living.        ,    ~ ■     v
.Modern industry, is forcing the
workers more every day to combine in
their disputes against the possessors
of the means, of our existence, and it
nas made us realize that our interests
on the economic field'are class .'interests..
Therefore the class struggle is not
an inventioni but the substance of
facts and acts, and we are the class
that produce^ all and yet do not own
anything.. We must, in order to live,
have access to the machinery of, production, consequently we go to the
capitalist, the owning class, and offer our only ewe lamb—our muscular
and Intellectual energy. A contract
is made between a buyer and a seller.
The fact is that the seller cannot by
himself bring' his capacity for,'labor
into productive use.   As soon as la-
tu _ay who shall..represent.us7in the,
law' factory at Edmonton. "' Let us:
be in readiness, and .liberate our'reason; let the brain command-the brute;
then we will 'realize .that- class struggles are political struggles. "7 Organize
on the political field and send men to
represent us who > know that our interests are class interests? Comrades,
let bur goal'be the abolition, of,wage
sjavery.    ,    ■       -.  ,. v  ••'•"  y'   . ■
We have one member in the'Alberta
law factory that understands' ouir position in society, but what is one,against so many? Yet he has'made
himself heard.. Those that opposed
him when he first entered the house
will now sit and listen to C, M.
O'Brien for'^7 hours and ask for more.
Wealth cannot pay him for the great
educational work that he is doing in
Alberta. At the next election let us
show our appreciation by returning
him with a few more helpers,to the
legislative assembly.
I must now conclude, thanking.you,
Mr. Editor, for the space ^allowed me
In  your valuable paper. ■
Yours in revolt,
bor  power  manifest  itself it  is, no
longer the property of the laborer,
for,he has  alienated  it by  sale  to
the owners ot the machinery.of production.     What then does the laborer receive' in exchange for the sale of
his labor power?     Under the conditions mentioned labor pbwer becomes
a commodity land its valuers determined like any other comriiodity, and
it is subject to the same laws.   Thus
the value of labor power,is determined by the lahor time necessary for
its production', by the value of the necessaries that is.required to produce,
maintain arid"; perpetuate the laborer.
For instance, ;the Chinaman in China
can live on ltf cets a day, therefore he
only)gets 10Scents a day.     That,is
known as wages.   Therefore the price
of labor power is determined by its'
cost of _. production.      Wages or the
price of labor power will rise or fall
according to th'e^law' of supply.arid
demand."" Within  tlie  circle that industry makes'in passing through "the
various stages of prosperity, .stagnation'and crisis it, is sufficient-at the
present time for us to say real wages
express the price of. labor power in
ratio to the price"of the necessities
nf lifp   ' "     ■' -"•':     '       -    ■ 	
We happened in a home the.other
night, and over the parlor door saw
the legend worked in letter's of,red-4
"What is Home without a mother?"
Across' the room was another brief,
"God Bless our Home!" .
Now,,what's the matter with "God
Bless our Dad?"" He gets up early,
lights the fire, boils an egg, and wipes
off.the dew of the lawn with his boots
while many a mother is sleeping. /Re
makes the-weekly ^hand-out for the
butcher, the grocer, the milkman, and
the baker, and his .little pile ls badly
worn ' before he . has been hdme an
hour.       . "    ,.
If. there is a noise in the night, Dad
is kicked in the back and'made-to
go, down stairs and find the burglar
and kill him.    Mother darns the socks
but dad bought'the socks in the first
place,. and the needles and the yarn
afterwards. Mother does up the fruit;
well, dad bought" it all, and jars and
sugar cost' like the mischief.   '
.   Dad buy's the chickens for Sunday
dinner, .('serves    them,  himself,    and
draws the neck from' the ruins after
every one else is served.     "What Is
Home without a'Mother?"   Yes, that's
all,right.  . But "What.is Hoirie without'a Father"?.   Ten chances.to one
it's   a  boarding  house.','   Father   is.
under the slab and the landlady is the,
widow.     Dad, here's ,to you.     You've
got .your faults—you may have lots
of 'em,' but" you're all, right, and we'll
miss you when you're gone.—Sacklo-
Fellow' workers, it is evident that
an election may take place in Alberta
early in the coming year, then some
of us wageworkers will get a chance-
' See samples of Christmas Greeting
Cards at.the Ledger Office. '
'Mr, Charlie Burrows wishes, to' say
that he is willing to accept'.the challenge of Mr. Stephen, McDonald', (of
Kipp) on behalf of Dick Marchell (of
Hillcrest). -to a' bout' either, at Blairmore or Bellevue.:1,, He thinks'Mr.
Marchell can keep his own with Mr.
McDonald. -      ,        . •> - I , ■
The, fixtures for the new bank arrived", this week ilnd-are Detng put In
place by Mr. Jake ^heeler., of Frank.
The ..store and Post Office occupied
by Tom Bafnett has had the electric
lights put in this week.
Mr. Pearson, who has been pit boss
at the old mino, Passburg, lately, has
accepted a job at the Prospect Mine,
Bellevue. He'started on Wednesday
At a meeting held In the Socialist
Hall on Thursday night Mr. Knight
was the speaker. There was a fairly good crowd present and the dls^
cussion after his address  was very
gOOd. - . . ^;
' Sam Patterson, *n • old-timer • in
camp blew in qn Friday on business.
He ls ln the real estate business now.
1 Johnnie Fisher is "now occupying
the house lately. vacated by Mr. E.
Bridge.-. Mr. Bridge has moved Into
the house lately vacated by Mr Donald
McKay.       , '"• •
Mr. Freddie Beeles is in-camp again
renewing old acquaintances. He is
feeling good for some of the lightweight " wrestlers" of - the Pass.' *
The stork has' again ' visited the
camp, this time leaving a fine „big
daughter, to -Mr and Mrs. Fred,Chappell. .. Mother and child-doing well.-"
Mrs, Stephen Humble was on a business trip to' Blairmore on Saturday
night, returning _.y "the passenger at
night. -"'    '     _p.     '        ''   '
The Rev. W. Irwin has started a
class for the benefit of the foreigners
who-want to'learn English. School
i3'hela Tuesday and Snturday of every
week. 7
. The men of Bellevue have; started
a debating club and the first .meeting
is-to be on Wednesday night;,and tlie
ch'alr,wlll be taken at 7.30' sharp by
Mr. George Ba .email.., ' The subject
under discussion is "Municipal Own,
>rshlp." The Rev. Irwin- is the
present on Wednesday night- to 'take
part in the 'debate.- y . .'- ,...''..■
Ample opportunity will be afforded
to the citizens of Bellevue, to provide
themselves; with! .Christmas'.. presents •■
this year." .The ;ladles bf the'camp
are^husy arranging, for, a big bazaar.*
to. take .place in ;the" Socialist Hall on .
December 17tti.- .In'connection'with
this 7 -.'event '/the)." 'dainty'' operetta, \
"Who's to win ;him",-will'be staged'
by the Bellevue Sketch Clubv".,.   ' 7 y
Preparations-.ate -under way for a
big children's-entertainment, to take
place in "connection with the Christmas festivities.,.'; -     * '.-'•,     '•' *'■
Mr. Algie Watson; .who has been
absent from camp for some time, returned this .week and has started at
No. 1 Mine again.   ...
The mines are, working pretty 1
steady here now, plenty of cars and
steady work, arid there..' Is' quite a
number of men coming into camp.,
. Bennie Reece, of Burmls ' haB. accepted a position with the, West Cau-
adirin Colliery Company as teamster
at Bellevue Mine. v
We announce with regret the death
of W. M. Letcher, who'died in the
Hospital on the 9 th inst. Mr. Letcher
had'only resided In Bankhead a few
months, but had mado many,,, friends,
particularly in church circles. The
Local Union took charge of the' remains, wlilcn were sent to his home in
Nova Scotia, accompanied, by his son, '
john, and Brother Joseph.'  ..     t}; V
Arrangements. are being made for
two iriale teachers to conduct the'
night classes in the school," .whlqh. expects to open by the middle of the
month.   " '.',.-
A. C. Brovey is renewing acquaintances in the ■ camp.   •   -  •
„A movement is, on foot to start up
the skating rink/    It is. to be hoped
the. company can" give a little more
•than" offer
collect the
this year
money.'    'Tis better to'give thari re- ,
ceive.        .' . • ;    ,   .
The stork visited the house of Mr. .
and Mrs..Riva." Mother and baby
doing well. "  ''
The . bear reported around .- camp
must have been the stork looking for
Mr. Rlva's • house, _ but.. owing ■• to - the
heavy,, snow, storm-had1 some "trouble
locating.   ,   y"-     y -.,•'- --"   •'• y
-Some excitement prevailed* In- camp
last. Tuesday'owing-to "some men'be-
Ing fastened.,behind  a: run-of,! coal,.
one' man, being fastened  for eleven
'hours,  but, everybody  was  rescued
without Injury. , .
! I
The Bost Dealers Handle ROBIN HOOD
FLOUR. If your doalor doos not, write
us and we will tell you how to get It.
Try Robin Hood Flour
at our risk
*VM> *%
111 ii 11
11 1 u 1 • ■
11 iJLULl
1 kl r
■triMO ti >.i.,'.M nwHt •*» ^ J_v._.i._5
- ' 'i 1111  r,   -p
'  \
' •*<&}
' I1*   t '*" I'.'J.
. _«-l\.
t in   -nv-.rTV"""**** 1
}     -.*,.; f. I
^ -. "
ll 7
I* <
Professional Mid-Wife
•' When" in Spokane   see,-  Dr. Mary
Swartz,'Specialist in-Female Troubles.
■f-Expert  confinement    cases;'   good
home for patients.      '*■-.,      ,'
,,-v.    . >      . ',.    <..-
y-  Di.; Mary Swartz
Galena Blk., Room 5, Post arid- Riverside, Spokane, Wash. , ^ .'■'■ i
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food and every;
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
One of the
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
.  Gents' Furnishings .
For our Foreign Brothers
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
mddckfcirttkti A A A AAA A A AArikAfcAAA
i __
:j MING E R    J
< 3»wi NG
L. E. McDonald
„    ,      HORSESHOEING ,,'
•        and i
Express and Delivery Wagon* a
Speciality,;:... .
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
' A reliable Preach regulator; never Uili, These
pills are exceedingly powerful In regulating the
generative portion of the female system. Kefuse
aJI cheap imitations. Dr. de VM'a are sold nt
tl,a box, or three for $10. Mailed to any nddrcis,
Tbe Boobell Drug Co., 8t, Catharine., Ont.
H 0 T E L
Mcmls tlmt tasto liko
motlior usod to cook
Best in the Pass
Joi. Grafton, Proprietor.
Liquor Co.
Wholoaalo Dealers in
Liquors •
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
,,<j.         NAME 8EC. and P. 0. ADDRESS
2D   Hnnklioful  F, Whnntlnv, .Innl-hond. Altn
481   Heaver Crook  D. Komp, nJ.nvor Crook, vln Plnchnr
431   iloliuvuo Jnmeu liurko. Ilox UU, ikdlevuo Altn,
'iUft | Illairmoro  W, L, Evan*, Llllo, AHa.
019   nurmls   J. Derbyshire, IJuiiiilu. Aim.    •
2227   Carbondalo J. Mltcboll,. Carbondalo, Coloman, Alta.
1887   Canmoro  N. D. Thfifihuk. Ci.nn.or.>. Altn.
cO,'i,'i   Colomnn W. Graham, Coloman, Altn.
2877 • Corbln   J. Jonos, Oorbln, D.C.
112(1   Chinook Mlncfl ,.., J. Bnntonl, Chinook Mincn, Altn,
2178   Diamond City Albort Zalc, Diamond City, Lothbridgo,
2314   Pernio Thos. Uphill, Pornlo, II. 0.
1263  Prnnk Kvan Morgan, Frank, Alta,
H07..1Io»mcr ........... W. Ilaldciratonu, Haunter, It, C,>
it 058  Hlllcrcit    Qeorw llamboroiiKh, Illllcroit, Altn
674   UtUbllduti... L. Moor«r.    Ijill, Hixlh Avonuo. North __ci-..l»riilK".
(180   Utbbrldio ColllerliM Prank Barlngham, mo., via., Klpp, Alta.
2829   Maplo Leaf  Robert Tiylor, Maplo Uaf, TieUevu*. Altn.
1.134   Mlchol  M. Burrell, Michel, D. C.
im  Pawbur*  A. Zuakar. Taaaliurg, Altn.
J689   noynlVIew a«o. Jordan, Uoyal Colllerlea, Lethbridge, A1U,
M»   T»b*r.... A* PaUmvou. TaUr, Alta,
102 Taber... W» F«r«th, Taber, Alt*,
Naturalnle mamy na 'niysli organiz-
acye robotnikow, a przedewszystkiem
organizacye zawodova. TJBtroj kapi-
talistyczny-podzieli ludzkosc na dwie
wielkie warstivy—na posiadajacych i
nieposiadajacych. Na tych, do ktorych naleza kapitaly, ziemla, srodki pro-
dukcyi, fabrykl 1 raaszy. ny, ktorzy w
rekach swych skupili cala wladze pan-
stwowa i wladzy tej czestokroc nadu-
zywaja do swycH wlasnych, osoblstych
celow—I na tych, ktorych wy dzied-
zlczono, ktorzy nie rile posiadaja jak
tylko dwoje rak i" sile "laja robocza,
ktora znmszenl sa sprzedawac posi-
adajacym. Niezgloblona przepasc dzteli
te dwle klasy spoleczne, stojaee napr-
zeciwko slebie, jak dwle wrogiesobie
potegl, prowadzace' miedzy soba' u-
stawlczna walke, walke poiuledzy kapi
talem a -praca. Ze w walce tej robotnik jest strona slabsza, ze tam, gdzie
zdany jest na swe Avlasne sily, musi
zawsze uledz, zrozumlalem jest dzis dla
kazdego. .
Jakzez wlec robotnik, dla ktore go
za dlugim jest dzlen . roboczy—dla'
ktorego zaplata nie wystar cza na naj-
niezbedniejsze potrzeby zyciowe, moze
jako jednostka zdobyc wieksza place
lub" mniej godzin pracy, jak ma- uzy-
skac przepisy ochronne, bardziej hy-
gienicznie stoi wobec grozby przedsi-
blorc.y: Jezell ci sie nie podoba, moz-
esz lsc gdzieindzlej! A wrazie.gdy
zmuszony warunkami juz nie do wytr-
zymanla naprawde prace porzuci i
pojdzie gdzieindzlej, to wnet przeftona
sie, ze nie zbyt wiele sobie tem do-
pomogl, gdyz nowy jego przed slebior-
ca tak samo chce go.wyzyskac, tak
samo dice wziasc od niego najwiecej
pracy za najmniejsaa zaplate. A w
dodaktu przedsiebiorcy maja dzis or-
ganizacye, ktora bezwzglednie zwalcza
kazde usilowanie robtnikow, zdazaja-
cych do poprawy -bytu i bez litosci
zamieszcza n "czarnych listach" kazdego, tko ma od wage glosno dopo-
minac sie praw swych.
I w ten sposob robotnicy musieliby
w zupelnosci uledz kapitalistycznie
zorganiz, przedsi&biorcom i stacsie'
pozbawionymi praw niewolnikami—
gdyby rowniez'nie posiadali broni i nie
mieli moznosci rozwiniecia swej sily,
tkwiacej w organizacyi. , Wezmy .-ja-
jest kilgtidziesieciu robotniko-w;' kazdy
znich ma' swe osobne mlejsce pracy,
ma^ swa osobna robote; aprzeciez jedno
laczy ich wszystkich: ich organizacya
zawodowa. Bez niej nie moga prze-
prowadzic najmnlejsze* go nawetpole-
pszenla placy;; bez niej sa, jakwpjsko
bez wodza, ktore nie wle co I jak ma
robic 1 nie jest w stanie obronlc -ale
przed wroglem. Nie da sie zaprze
czyc, ze bez tych wiezow organizacyi,
ktore spajaja razem robotnlkow jed-
nego zakladu, a nastepnle robotnlkow
calego kvaju, panstwa a nawot panstw
wszystkich—klasa robotnlcza byloby
masa' bozmyslna, nie mq^aca walczyc
i b'ronic swych praw, bylby beawolnem
narzcdzlem mledzynarodowo' zorganl-
zowanych przedeloblorcow. ■ Tylko organizacya, tylko wspolnio wytezona
iwolna 1 wzajemna Bolldarnosc w dzla-
lanlu'daje robotnlkom silo I moznoac
nletylko utrzymanla, OBiagnietych Juz
zdobyozy, locz rownloz' .pozyskanla
"'Moznaby Badzlc, zo robotnicy 1 ro-
botnlco a zwlanzcza cl, ktorzy nazy.
waja 'slo BOcyallBtaml, uwazao mue^a
za" plorwazy I najswletazy swoj obo-
wlazok, nalezonle do organizacyi, gdy
wlusnlo onl przodowazyBtklom powlnnl
rozu mlec cala joj wiiziiobc I nlezbod-
nose. A przocloz nlostoty, tnk nlo
JoDt, Bardzo czosto zdnrza slo, ze
robotnicy bozpoarednlo )irzed jnknfl ak-
cya connlkoiwa czy Btrnjklom, przy-
atopujn do swogo aw la zku znwodowo-
go, znrnz Jodnnk po znwarclu mowy,
opuRzcznja jo go Bzcu'cgi, pozoatnwlnjac
liinym cala tcoako o |iiv.eiiiowiidzonlo I
dotruymnnlo poHtnnowlon umowy, A
jnkzcz czesto z drugloj strony oaoblsto
iiloporozumlonltt I wiihiiIo Bt uno win po-
woii do porziH'onlu orgnnlzncyl. Pok-
loci hIo ilany czlonuk /. ftinkcyoimi'yu-
flzom n\voj orgnnlzncyl, to Juh, by tomu
"zrobUi nu alone" przoHtiijo bye czlon-
klom, nlo rozumlo Jno, zo "nu kIoso"
robl prznz to nlo fiinkcyonni'yimzowl,
!('(!'/,  HOlllO  HIHUlMllll   I  ogolo^vl   hwoIoIi
kologow, I gdyby tym Imlzlom, porzu-
onj'irym zn Indti  najblnlmzyin  powo-
dom Hznrogl organlzunyl, po wlvdzlal
ktoH, zo nlo ku HOPynllHtii ml, /<_ jiohIc-
powniiloni Kwnm ilzln lnjii nn nlolto-
n.Hc Idnuy robotliilczuj, y, puwiioHda
ozuilby Hio obrn/.onyinl I dotknlotyml
w hwoJ diimli".    A pi'/oo|o/.;tnk Jo«t w
i7oczywlMtobcI: (on bowkm, kto x obo-
bl hi y i-1i pndudok   lub   /,   nUidlmletwa
nor/linn urorocl wn1f»fipvr1i u«'wii Vn
llppow—clioolazby nlfl iwlodzlop, Ink nlo
ixnkllnnl, zo w diirhu Jot HOpynllHtn I zo
j)io|i!ornc b-idzlo ihibzo   xndnnin,   Joat
I iiiti-zym   wroglom   I   w   atiiuowczoj
ichwlll llczyc nn nlcgo   nln   moznn,
I Iviich robotnlczv nlo Hvmntitvknw w.
mn^tt, |op>! wspoltow'/iizyaiy walkl, zo-
Inlnrzy kornych I nwladomych swych
rolow!     Codzlonnlo, ro godxlna nleo-
mnl klnHto robotnk-iwj zagrata wnlkii,
codzlonnlo moxo powatac konlrcznosc
obrony przod xatnachaml na prawn ro
hot lilac.---JaUm)* wino Viox i-oilzlciinio
go.owyfli bojownlkow mozna Bpostrif
ti-J  wuh'«V     OrKanl tncyn  przcdHic-
biorotw rozwlja »lc uatawirznU*. wro-
KOwl<« klaxy robotnlcw-J coraz llatdilpj
nlcuplft ja two «lly. by wykonnr osi.iu-
■;r.ny ratnach nn prawa konllcyl—to toz
1 im na* iimdi. turn ckztzy obo*h/«'i<
walkl I kuuiu>Uduw_.uU iiwyrh oimhiiI-
McylJ,     Kto w ta klch   warunkarh
stoi nau, boczu, kto walczacym - przy-
chodzi tylko z sympatya, a nie czynnie
pomaga, ten dla sprawy ■ proletaryatu
nie ma zadnej wartosci. ■ Nam potrze;
ba-bojownikow wyszkolo'nych, dzielny-
ch i zdolnych do walki, a tych mozna-
wychowac tylko w wolnych organiza-
cyach zawodowych. Do wszystkich
tych setek i tysiecy obojetnych robot-
nikow i robotnic w fabrykach i warsz-
tatach, kopalniach i na roli nalezy za--
wolac: Nie wolno warn narz'ekac na
zle czasy i na zle obebodzenie sie z
wami,—nio wolno wan wyklinac na
zbyt dlugi dzien' roboczy i niska zap-
late, ni skarzyc sie, ze setki z .was
codziennie trnca zdrowie a nawet zy-
cle, poszarpanl _naszyna.ni, a dzieci 1
zony wasze chqdza glodna I ponure, do-
poki saml nie poczujecle. w, sobie obo-
wiazku obrony, obowlazku walkl ze
pwymi wrogami, dopoki sami nie stara-
cie sie wzmocnic szeregow walczacych
swych towarzyszy i nie wstapcie do or-
ganizacyj    robotnlczych, — Robotnlk
,  tf
una tenacia senza pari, uniti, compatti
e solidali, risoluti ad ogni sacrificio
ed anche a soffrir le torture della fame
■se occorre,^ piuttosto che1^ tornare a
lavoro alle stesse condizioni di prima.
Naturalmente non mancano i soliti ma-
ledetU crumiracci e fra questi un con-
nazionale; certo Bonetti;-ma per for-
tuna il numero di questi sciagurati e
limitato e gli scioperanti confid'ano in
una vicina e completa vittoria.   .
I minatori Italiani e Trentini sono
viva!mente pregati di non recarsi a
lavorare a Cumberland ed a Ladysmith, se non vogliono tradlre la causa
operaia, se non vogliono venir mar-
cat!Vreol bollo dell'lnfamia e chiamati
col nome' piu ignominioso che mente
umana posse escogitare: "crumlri"!
Mentre il nostra giornale dei'e andare
In macchlua il campo, della impone-ite
battaglia elettorale non sl e ancora
rischiarato abbastanza per poter con-
statare, i rlsultati nei loro minutl par-
ticolari I due fatti pero' eminent!, che
an no sorpreso la Nazione col chiu-
derBi delle urne,, furono la estenzione
della vittoria democratlca e l'aumento
dei voti socialistl. Questo aumento,
dalle grossolane notizie che vengono
giungendo, varia dal- 50 al 300 per
cento. In "cer te localita Debs fu 11
secondo tra i cinque part. , A Chicago
per 4 o 5 mila voti socialist! falllrono
di mettere uno dei, loro nella carica
di State Attorney. Nel parlamento
Statale dell'Illinois entrano 4 sovver-
sivie parecchi ne entrano nel. parlamento statale della Pennsylvania. Le
cariche minor! conquistate fornlranno
una lunga lista che noi al prossimo
numero ripcrteremo per i nostri let-
Sembra ormai accertato che il Socialist Party potra contare plu di un
milione ,di voti. Dai 430 mila del
1908,-vi e un bel passp. B' pro prio
la progressione che place a noi. Cres-
cere senza zbalzi, regolarmaute in pro-
porzione geometri ca ogni 4 anni.	
Al paflamento nazionale di Washington- forse avremo .in sol deputato
ma questo non e colpa nostra e nem-
meno puo' esserci impu tato come stlg-'
mo dl debolezza. La colpa e tutta del
barocco sistema elettorale, degli Stati
Uniti-il qua le ancora:~rende possibile
che una fortis'slma.mlnoranza'non abbia una rappresentanza nel supremo
corpo leglslatlvo della Nazione, 3
voti raccoltl sono circa 15 milioni, I
seggi al parlamento sono 435. ,Nol
con un milione di voti dovrem mo
avere la, qulndlceslma parte dl quel
435 seggi, Invec ne avromo uno, for-,
so si e forse no. Tale e la gluatlzla
elettoralodl questa be'ata repub,blica.
La sconfltta di Berger a Milwaukee.
1'unlco deputato. che avevamo e sconfltta cho cl onora. Quan do In una cltta
I capitalist! devono -stringers! tutti In-
siome senza dlffcronz_frdl»partltI e dl
rancorl precedent! e*v devono raclrao-
lare tutte le plu', dlsperso enorglo ln
uno aforzo supremo per aoprnffaro la
glovano oflamraanto-jbandlora eoclal-
I sta, allora non abblamo cho a glolro
dl una simile soonflWii,'' percho possiamo vedore 11 nostra nemlco rldotto
alia sua ultima trlucen al di la dolla
quale non puo' nvor plu' dlfeaa.
Oggi ncgll Stati Unltl nol vorrem-
mo sublro una clnquantlna dl aconfltte
como qiiOBta toccata sul nomo dl Bor-
gor In una cltta Importanto como Milwaukee o godrommo lo spottacolo dl
vodoro II capltnllamo nmorlcnno hoc-
cheg glare 1 biioI ultimi unolltl.
II rUultnto dl qiinBto lottn olottornlo
o per I BoclnllBtl d'Amorlcn molto In-
cornggliinlo ed o moi'ltnta rlfiompoiiHi.
del |)'ui-(1iiiu:ij lavoro di propaganda o
dl Gilwmxlono In mozzo nlln cIiihho op-
La iiOMtni cnmpngnn olottronlo dol
1010 comlnclu du oggi collo bIohho fer-
vor<i como ho TobhIiiio nlln vlglllu dl
quolln fntiii'ii linttngllit.
Lo Buzlonl Itnlliitio ilovi'dbboro nlii-
tnrn dl plu' I i-ompiiKMl nmorlciiul In
ijiiobIo lavoro nel cimipo pnlltlrn, VI
c, una Piiotiiiii iiurc-cntunln ill Itqllnnl
nello nnstro colonlo tra cnl tiol poh-
nIiiiiio I'm--, nu liivoi'o utillHalmo,    (.'oa
Sir George Askwlth, B. C. B., chief
of the conciliation department of the
British Board of Trade, who addressed
the Canadian    Club    recently,  maintained that iii all the strikes that had
taken place recently in Great Britain,
there' had .been little in the way of
breach of agreement on the part of the
Breach of Industrial  Agreements
The particular phase'of labor difficulties that he proposed to deal with,
said the speaker, was that of strikes
and lock-outs of recent occurrence in
Great Britain.   ' "My opinion founded
upon experience   and much evidence,
is," he said, "that, taking   it   as   a
whole, industrial   agreements,    upon
which the relations of labor and capital depend, are generally kept.   One
hears a great deal of strikes and lockouts taking   place   because   of   the
breach of agreements.   At the present
time one of the -matters  which has
been referred to the industrial council
of which I have the honor    to    be
cliairman, 'is   the question    of , the
bicach of industrial agreements, and
how best these can be enforced; and,
it  has  been 'remarkable  in  the evidence that has -been raKen how great
union    after   union  .has   come   up
through its leaders and has put before us what occurs in the ordinary
way between capital and labor,    but
of which you never hear in the news-
papers:     That is, they continue to exist ar,d tc carry on their    work    by
means   oft   agreements,    and    those
which have been   In   existence - for
thirty or, forty years, whose men are
disciplined, aiid  whose leaders have
been educated as to how togovern-
rueu   and  how ..to make  agreements
in '.heir'trade; repudiate entirely the
idea that they, ever break an agreement. ,  They have'aared the employers to bring up an instance bf any
agreement to which they have over
set their hands having been broken,
and the employers have agreed that
when those union loaders put   their
hands to a document,   although.! that
agreement may be difficult to arrive
at, In apito of all difficulties or-circumstances it has hoon kept,"
In speaking upon "Some Labor
Questions," Sir George Askwlth Bald
that the auggeetlons for euros of these
problems wero-as numerous as tho
sands of the seashore, but ho "contended that i-.et.lem.nt8 by armod
forco or by law woro Impracticable,
nnd thnt evon If liiws woro enacted
tho difficulty was how to enforce
thorn, because It was just ns impossible to pmko hundroda of thousands
of workors-obey a law as to compol a
nation to tako a course to which It
That thoro woro slight exceptions to
thia rulo   In   tho   cnao   of   similar
unions or unions which grow rapidly,
whoso lenders wore now and unnblo
to control tholr men,   wn»   admitted
by tho Bpoukor, who  held,   however,
that thoflo on bob woro outBldo tho Ron-
onil rulo.    Ho also doubted tho some- j
tlmpH w»|n.nlpd nsHPrtloii that brpfiPhoH
always occurred on tho Bldo of tho
mon, pointing out that ln tholr case
grantor publicity wiih given lo tho fnct,
whllo   with   tho   Individual omployor
who wont buck upon IiIh ngroomont
tlio fnct did not nocosBiirlly porno lo
tho public notlPi..
On  the   KeepInQ of  Agreement!
Sir fleorgo AbJ<w|I1i marked out two
point.,  upon   which loglHlntlon    nnd
J public opinion woro nf Importune'* In
; I'l.giiril  lo the    nintfer   of   keeping
jiigrueniiitiiH;  flrHt, In Ihe nmn of nn
! HMTUPiiiont nlroiidy mndo, nud, hiipoikI,
iiu tho iiiitl.lUK of mi ii-.ri.e-in ut.     In
the fli'Ht imkii thorn wiih iilwiiyn tho
thnt nrnwi on the point of
' Interpretation.     "In bik-Ii nine miroly
It Ih to the public i_il.uutn..e Unit an
Inlcrpi'eUitlon   of   what   I lie   purl Ion
an Impnr-
t nm ,miii iiu,. n.it f. ciuii-i
hy   M-1'liliilh.l,   :l    If    <".>
Similarly II   wns Hiigfteiitoil
their, respective unions.
: Railway Agreements Broken
In the- railway strike there were undoubtedly broken agreements owing
to tlie great complications 'which had
attended it. The report of the royal
commission then appointed to deal
with 'that strike had resulted in a
scheme being evolved undor which
the railways were now working, and
■vhich he hoped would stand the difficult!.", arising from the increased
cost of living. In the coal dispute
Parliament had had to step in and
vote a minimum wage bill, with the
Laoor Party dissenting, the effect of
this legislation being not yeyiete"-
mined owing to its recent dale, but
it was to be hoped that the act contained at least the germ of'quietness
for the most difficult of trades.
"I am not despondent of the fu
iiire," continued Sir George Askwith,
"It- hue been said of our country by
almost every foreign nation that It
is a country that Is liable to settle
things. Settlement Implies ah agreement, and an. agreement upon wh'.eh
lellance can be placed, and In my opinion neither rations nor trades nor
induntrlal agreements can be lasliiij;
upon a basis of broken faith."
Some of our • "direct actlonist"
friends that belittle the use of political power seem to forget that the capitalist class of Lawrence in contro! of
the public powers of that city have
belittled direct action with their arbitrary use of political ipower. If the
capitalist class can use political power in their interests, why cannot the
workers do the same? It stands te
reason that ift,the workers were in control of the political powers of Lawrence and Essex county, .Massachusetts, that Ettor and Giovannitti
would,not now be languishing in jail
for a crime that was the act. of the
mill owners or their agents.New York
Call. ' • ,
When yoii can own
your own home?
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
, /■
Oliver Typewriters
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital, Subscribed
Reserve  Fund  :...
6,000,000      Capital Paid Up ....       6,460,000
6,460,000      Total Assets      72,000,000
1 D. R. WILKIE, President HON; ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prei.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook," Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH   7     '   '" GEO. I. B. BELL; Manager
o '
Insurance, Real Estate
•' <.
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
Home Bank* Canada
Many account.- arc opened with Ilie Manlcs liy persons who wish
to set af-ido (.mail amounts, from time to timo iii n .saving!, account,
to make, payiuout on a mortgage, life insuranco premium, or meet
some similar obligation. These short lime savings accounts are readily
acceptable hy the Hume Hank and lull compound interest is allowed
on the round period that tho money remains with the bank.
Branches And connections
throughout Canada
J. T. Macdonaid, Manager, Fornio.
Conflned to His Home for Weeks.
torn non sl tloelilono n fiirnl olttrullnl
tiiiiiti'liuuil ho non i|ii[inilo (|iinlmiiio vojdifficulty
11 HpliifU),     U) noHtro Der.lonI dlvon-
lino vi»rn iik'tikIo per ipiCHte lm.Pi'1?.-
lonl, mn non per nmi nottlnmna o pnr
un moRn ma per tutto I'nnno con nn' jim-mit hIioiiM lio wiiilo liy
mipvi   (lip,>..•>»** r,   i    f r—\[['.\i\'i.l.,
Ormnl un npornln ««>n?n votn o come
un Milrtrito jmnzii fur-IIn. Procurltuno
(II nnnnre colln Hclieilu I noHlrl ron-ljiv tlio Hpoalcer Hint wl_*n difficulty1
mixlonnll o pol liiHOKnlnmo loro come I nrrmo through tlio lormltintlnn of an j
iiBfini (jiioHt'nrnm por dlfondoro I loro 'nfecmont, ono (title liolnp nnxloim toj
uriiTirl Intornpp)    m>H<>    h'itt'n«"i> •V-1'
"Ili'nvy wnrlr, norrrcciralnlnirnnilPVlIlinlillHln yoii'li luwiRlit oil
Vuri'".ii Niliin. \» lit_.ii I Vui-.i 1 Jiuiil i.iu m-.hi,if \>uii11 lm,-.mm
Vi'Vi i". ii'l I \v..ir_il.ru Ul I 11> I r i. \. i:.- tit, n t.. !>'. My f-miily
iiliy.. I .ii t j] 1 im) ii. i _.!._.|-,tiluii t.'.ji i. iyt ii /l.ov'—I >n I tlmuiiil It,
3 it, <l ..<j\i.i,.l i;.i-, „_ I.. .,t...i h im fi.„ii.| ii.I i ii i ii'/ \ .iii',< I nu wny
luoiii.')'.   I i;/i;.iiii in-'il Ml" !( ii, on nil mi mmm l.t:.n Uikr tl.wi
'    '   ■■-■-■■-■--■■-• '-   iiVmi iiirli nml
- ,r. Nrv
Mf.fr«'i,iT«ir*"irvT. Vy ] ri-n^-i «;.:< p, ir,u-' ' ;.t i'.m'. an<l ililiiiiR
!lioiln»t»'!Oiili,'tr«i»tm''ftil»iiitM),iiiwlinti,fii"iiiiri,"-i|. Jlnwincr.
Irniitiiiiii"llii-<itni"iit fur tlirr-o iihiii'Im li-n-ri-r iti't r.M f»>v-i«nlra
Willi nriiTiifili'iiinirn.   I cnii',| only rum fl.'n wo to l*i n miwlilno
IlMijiU'f(iri'lri,tliii(>rit, ii'nv 1 rnicnriilmr^'l nn-l r.^vcr |(V)«il A liny.
wuti nil ^uir.iti-i kjiuw of your vuliintiio ircatrn'-nt. __
.hoik')'.   I i;/i;.iiii in'il ml" !< ii,imnllmi uir.u.i ).l:',n h.ikr
ro::u •*, <)-..n\ny tny h .Mii'i!:t>li i«i \.liy i v uno .'«"; Vwi n:rl
I inl.l I lm My i'ni'ili I it,    llnn'vi« il i''»•« ivi'i u t I ri Iiihi
Kimn'ily,i4ntiiiliwll lien In'tUim-iil f.ii -i l!ir:i> Jil-.ivif nnl
l\\i*y wn f\ •nm fin I cl:!!': I.   1 wn.ln f -iml pit Ti.r.
I U.li |M-<nOli,
1 13i.i   i i,l :-i Hi,
(-111,1 lion.
lottn dl cIiihmc.
Fncclamo con panfilono ntie»to lavoro uliitlnmo con ogni iioutni uuerfdn I
(OinpiU'iil nmerlcniil « nllora In pro-
ifi'OHr.lotw* Roomotrlcn ,dello noBtre for-
zo po!!tlr]i_< por II 1016 Mra coia no
Lt-iiiiiii.-Iiii I'nroln dol BoclallBt.
Un Mllllone Ol Voti Soelnllttl.
I »_'-' bo nrrnnitotl.   The dlfflnilty with {
. ('(i»i|nil«ory nr|i|lrnllon wnn Itn fn* |
fuifemont, Hlnro It wan Iihi>ohh11.1o foi
fl1, .InllM with thouwndH   of   worhcrH ]
| who refiiHod to ohoy n flndlnn or pny ;
n fine. I
Tho -ipeahor proroodt-d to review j
uninn nf tho lendlrift utrlkcx nmi lor-lc
louts In fircnt Drlmin whldi nil- fn-xli |
In tho puhllc mind, dwelling r-upcclal-1
Jy n|»on tho Hull Dncltt-rii, Mnn<li«»it<r.
svnnnin'* nnd Carter**, the R,«llw.ty'
;iihI (Vml Rtrlket. tflllnp til* *>i>l-<-nr* [
how thc«o wore ^ittln^re.! fo a »uc- i
WOT r<M«nV<. nm li,|. inr -f j rr
I nt, 1 l ■  I
Tory ii.o Moot) ot tho Mi-i.tn r.nit nriii-iii ci.tlrtily urn ,it'i,i
»!.~i-r.i)_n c/jmjilU';itJ_ r.J    >;<_>_.j.r-' r.f Jl.-rmry
, il .   it!    .    ;   ^ ,j- -»i;i I_jo
I In.in tim fv-tcm Mill mmm
li in.)' »ui';*»'Jui tJjij t4 jjjj-i .<.;if-f,ur Si.W
)It_ I'iiOJ) OUrei Oil tlCHXl (liKAROI.
YOl*:tO OH y.lVbi.V. AC:::i> Mnr'.-Impniilcnt neU or Uu.r.«!XC««»t-4 haro In
doimyniiriryM''m.   Vnn f.vl thim"iii»>f"mir,',-.ll-"»i.>*rio'j,   jVi.m ly, j !i_, jli-.illy an
— -"  - - *"- — '' -' JiouUbo. Vi.__.ou-.flnl iliodfti'B«riil(
Dn oltro duo niPHl tn  mlnatorl di
fiimlK i mil <- IM -"mlth. nol Hrltliili
iU-Wji/.'M   «-.)•« -i. -• Injwrr. n tottnno rnmtnt conclusion chiefly hy advUlngJ
ron  ! t.i  rflf,«an?,!  iiU:r,nvl«l|omi,  ron  tlio mrn to kocp tlmlr plodgoii ninonir'
rltilly you «ro Dot tho nun you usod to U> or nliouU to. Mi.l you lux-il iiio_l;uiKnrnl_,naJ_iT
DCintO ArtyrtUf.fHI'nf  Hut**rmIvth-n^t AwtvmHnO^-Ilr,-tnT"iirrf Tfm
J__CA_-_.lt .-. k  fc.'.*wv« »..».- ..mI     iMiM^li-V1'    •-*_,'    » "»   J»   H   *'WI;""
r-KAiHfnr w.-lcuroyou.   WiiataluuKjata^rb hcnltu .U'*for y«u. Con*«luOa«
Bn; No mntir-r nlm Jim trrntixl iiu, irlio t«r nn ho"i»»t *r- ntnn |V«nf Clit/t**
•ok*Ff««-"lioyhoot, JUnhfA*],lnUivrlinul." (IlUtroied/on lucu.**ot .Vi-n.
Wn mt •«.Ktot"i». K»»r»ililnt Coafidmliil. Quoilloa Uit and Cwt M Tr**U_t«M
Cor. /f\!rhl^/in Ave. anrl Grlswolrl Sf., Defrolt, Mich.
i^MM^MATIf*V ^" lrttfr' frf,ni Can.^l.t inuit l>c nddrtunl
fl||^^B^IlV I IiIh to Mir Canad'an C«>rrU|*»'..d <. new JVpart-
w^^W mmmmmmmmmom- uicntin Wind_or, Ont. If you .!_>•.r« to
•ee u* ptr«on.nlly mil nt otir Medl«*il Institute In Lhrtrott m w. io; and treat
mn patUntt lit our Windsor office* which arc fur Correopondence and
laboratory ior dDidun tmlms.% oniy,  Addrcu all Intern &$ toUowi:
*   y
ii ■SL&i.
ffi* ■•''-■
fv_  ■,
.--( -
s-i f
ft! ■
$ '■
£1 :
I i'f  -. -
It*    . i- - ^
$15.00       SUIT SPECIAL
We will have a display for Saturday, a special'pure wool Worsted Suit
in all sizes Irom 30 to -14, in tlie newest
brown and green, and navy colorings.
These Suits are guaranteed by us lo
give perfect satisfaMion both in wear
and fit, or nioiiev refunded. •
Saturday only $15.00
" We earrv all the best mal.es in both
Stiiiificld's Ked Label, Slanfield's
Black. Slanfield's Grey heavy all-wool,
two-pieee Underwear, in two grades,
.75 and $1.00 per garment. jPcn man's
Natural Wool Shirts aud Drawers at
per garment   $1,25
Turnbull's Ceetee Shirts and Drawers, per garment  _  $2.00
Gold Fleece JJnderwear
Dr. Jaeger's Underwear
Watson's Underwear
Combinations from $2.50 to $10.00
per Suit in the following'makes: Knit
to Fit Mfg. Co.. Watson JIfg. Co., Turn-
bull _Mfg. Co., and Spring .Needle.
A special 25 per cent off\Sale SAMPLE UNDERWEAR in two-piece and
Combination Suits. These are Manufacturers' Samples and will be sold at
25 per cent less than the original cost.
Alf sizes from 1 to 4. The quantity is
limited. Be sure to come early and
get a good choice.
A  nice  line  of  Women's  Knitted
Wool Vests and Drawers, all sizes.,at
special prices 35, .40 and ,50
per garment.
Ave carry Ihe Dr. Jaeger Pure Wool
line° complete in all  their articles  of,
Underwear, Noiservj Gloves, Caps and
iloods, Travelling Rugs, Su-i.al.er Coats.
Pure Wool Cashmere Hose in both
tan and black ribbed and plain, all
sizes, from 5 to fl1/.. Special Saturday, only ..-. .25 pair.
Ladies' Sweaters, all wool, positively
liii'ndknit, close weave, solid colors or
trimmings of different colors. Styles
are all very altra dive.
'Prices are generally' reduced and
everyone will find quality and selection to suit I heir pocketbook nnd I axle.
Prices:—$2,90 $3 75 '$4.00 $4,25,
$5.00   $5.50   $6.75   $7.75   $10.00.
This material is very now and promises (o become very popular,     All thc
newest colorings.                             '
Special ••Snturday , 15
" Wo have just reeoived a shipment of
Hl.'inknt Cloths and heavy Serge'Coatings that aro strictly up to lho 'minute
and are full .'i-l inches wide. Special
value at ,.. $1.75 per yd.
7 pair only, pun! wool White Blankets, slightly soiled; worth up to }M.r>0.
Special, while Ihey last $3.00 pair.
Onr new selections of Ladies', Misses'
nnd Children's Gloves offer excellent
values. This slock is coniplclc in every
respccl.     Notice the following:
Lidie.,' WoiibHncd Suede Mil tens
nml Cloves $1,50
Ladies' Squirrel-lined Buckskin Mit-
teiiH and Cloves    $3,25
Ladies' Kid Cloves, all shinies. .$1,25
Ladies' Knitted Cloves and Mittens  35
MisscM ami Children's Knitted Wool
Cloves mill .Mittens  25
Kniiey pii'e.'H nf Kinbroidery Work,
nmlto ideal Xiiiiih (lifts. We have secured mi excelb.'til M'leelion of Hliiiup.nl
linens in new designs for ecntre pieces,
towels, cushion tops, pillow cases, laundry bags ii ti«1 odds- and ends.
"Vi._T.OW TOm—Art Dernln and
Linen Pillow Tops, slmnped mid print-
cd at  45
_LAC.Ml.KY IIACS.-Art Deiniu uiu...
Linen Laundry nml Collar Mmrs nl ,85.
STAMI'KI) LLVI'.X for Mmbmldery.
UnMuh, Conl re Pieces nml Towels, IiinIp-
J'ul design), ,,,,, ,25 to ,75
Wo are agents for m'TTKI.lCK
We are offering for Saturday bargains otir entire.line of fall and winter
Ladies' Hats at a price which saves
you one-half. These comprise all of
the latest models made by the American and foreign designers in velvet and
felt, Original prices on this line of
goods have ranged from $3.50 to $20.00.
We positively are sacrificing at one-
half the marked prices for Saturday
Special.   ,
These include' some of tlie newest in
'Ladies' Suits, made iu serges, velvets,
1 weeds, corduroys and panamas.     This
special  will place  high  grade  hand-
lailored Suits within the reach of all.
taffeta silk, chiffon, marquisette and
raw silk. Our stock' offers a large selection for everyone.
In   new   Tweeds,   Blanket ' Cloths,
Beavers, Vicunas and Serges.     Beautifully made, latest styles.      Prices are
moderate. . • •
Pare,Silk Taffeta l.ib.bon five inches
wide in all shades; pale blue, pink,
black, red.  . Special Saturday, 20c. yd.
BIG- BEN .will always'Help you to be wide
awake and up and'doing "at the/proper time.
No matter what tht. hour that business or pleasure demands promptness,.,.Big Ben', docs, his
dnty. ' It' is Alarm Clock Perfection in every
detail. Big,.massive, graceful in. every line;
with easily, read dial, especially designed for
plainness, and black hands to point the rising
time, one need not, fear of-error. Its tone is
clear and vibrant,jlliough never harsh, altogether a most valuable addition to the home. In.
daytime an accurate timepiece, at uight a guardian of the sleeping hours, always ready to
arouse. Alarm can be adjusted to ring cither
five straight minutes or every other half minute during ten minutes, unless you, shut .it off.
Be wide awake.    BIG BEN costs just . .$3.00.
Grocery Specials
TETLEY'S TEA .!. ..1 lb. pkgs, special .
TETLEY'S TEA.. i.....; .bulk, 3 lb. for 1,
Lowney's Baking Chocolate-......: >/•> It.
Jersey Hotel' Crean
Eastern Townships
Braid's Best Coffee
Lowney's Cocoa .*,
Wagner Apples ....
Domestic Sardines
King Oscar Sardine'p
 large size ■
Butter'., .'.2 lbs.-,for
fresh ground, 2 lb fpr '
..' ;V2 lb. tin
......".......per box
 •.. .6 tins for
,      - i"
 2th_s for'
We carry the celebrated Nemo ."Corset in all grades and styles,.prices range
from  .7.  $3.25 to $6.75    '■
Jn  addition  to  the ' Nemo  we  also-; .
carry other well-known makes atprices*
ranging from 7 $1.00 to $4.00.
Fresh Finan Ila'ddi'e  per lb.
■Fresh lulled Chicken  per lb.
Crosse and Blackwell's Red Curraiit Jelly
.: '.....'.;.: ..' i!s.
. Lamp .Glasses, A aiid B sizes ......3 for
• Crystal Lard ' \ '.. 3 lb. tin'
'• Crystal Lard '.. 5 lb. tin
Shield 11am V ■:...'..".• per- lb.
Banquet Bacon per lb.-
. Heinz Stuffed Olives '. .-8 oz.
' Heinz Sweet Girkins -.. .per pint-
Heinz Dills  7. '.per oz.
Heinz Pork aud Beans' small size, 2 for
_l'iJ"f,;«,._f|^„1„<-A_o«1,, ___. ". x,,',ii__,;^ n _.£_,,,	
—Xlfclii/,-JLOiilnuv~ioOup .--. . .-rToiiiaii_olAi;pzi—J.ul r
White Swan Laundry Soap' .. J2 bars for
Gold Dust ".-... .3'lb. packages .each
. Pan Pan Sauce ..'.-.-...." pints
Corn  ............2 lb. tins," 3 for
Pumpkin "....:. .3* lb. tins, each
Heavy Cable Brooms .• each   '.76
Heavy AVing ITftusc Brooms  each    .75
Heavy Empress Brooms  each    .60
Medium No. 1 Brooms .,..' each  .' .40
Medium. No. 2 Brooms  each    .50
Whisk Brooms 7- each    .20
Floor Hair "Brooms each 1.00
Good Scrub Brushes, each .10, ,15, .20, and .25
Glass Wash Boards  each • .40
Brass Wash 'Boards .'  ench
Nickle Wash Boards  each
Enamel Wash Boards each
/ine Wash Boards , each
Easy Washers  each $10.00
Dominion Parlor Matches per pkg.    .20
Dominion Silent" Matches per pkg.    .25
SPECIAL SALE of 50 sample Sheep-
lined Coats from factories, very warm,
serviceable; the most convenient all- •
round Coat made. Special clearance
Saturday at1 big reductions throughout;
Our stock of headwear is absolutely
complete, from the highest, higli-prjced
goods to the commoner sort. Felt
Hats in colored and black; stiff Hats,
all kinds. Thc heavy, warm winter
Caps arc becomjng more and' morein
demand.      We 'have what you want. .
Blue., Brown and, Grey Flannel, $1.00
to $2.25. *
Suits and Overcoats made to measure by special order; overcome all difficulties of ready-made garments and
' fit perfectly., „ We guarantee fit, quali-
f ty and workmanship'.     The cost is not;
high; bettor consult us.  l
KNUCKEI.BOOKERS of extra heavy.
Tweed, well lined throughout, mndo by
tho celebrated Carss Mackinaw Clothing Co.; sizes froin,22 to 32.
Prices .,;' .'V.
and up according to!'§ize.
.. $1,10
Our Boys' Department; is entirely
complete with full selectibim of everything, the little ones mul .'thoir older,
brothors require. -\
■        • ""     X ■   '» .
Wo havo gono ovor our Boots and
Shoos, hunting for bargains, and have
selected about 200 pairs of odd linos
that aro ospocially priced for oloaranco.
All aro high grado, gttarantood goods,
but through changes in manufacturers
and tho natural dcoroaso of selections
in theso linon, it forces us to sacrifice,
prices, (tome onrly and mnko your
choice at $3,00 and $4.00 V regular prico
$5.00 and $0.00,
Box Culf. Blui-her eul, Mon's Shoes,
with slip Hold  .$4.00 pair
Bon Cnlf, Blucher cut. Men's Shoes,
Icntliur lined; regularly $6.00. Special
nt ".  $4,B0 pair
Velour Calf. llluulicr cui. Men's
fsuiwtf, .1-iuin.r unco, hi, .... $*.ou pair
i.ux and ^ clour l nit, AIcii'm Sjiocs,
Mueller cut, heavy soles, at. .$4.00 pair
Heavy Tan Men'*. Shoes, Hlm-hcr cut,
fine winter shoe, inudn on Intent style
IhnI... ul  $6.80 pair
Henvy Blnck Cnlf Men's Shoes,
Blucher cut, wear liko iron, nt $7.60 pair
Especially Dosignod for Children
It. is always well lo exercise Um ul-
most cure in CliildrenV. Clothing nnd
SIiooh, Not only, en rn iu * securing
good wen ring nrticles, but in Shoo..,
lu also obtain n Shoo Hint will not
lend in crump nnd liindnr Um growth of
I lm little feet. The Classic. Shin of.
I'ors a wide si'lection of styles, cut
nlong strict liucH of comfort nnd with
proper cure fnr growl li. Wo offer
this slioc in Tun. Blnck and Pii.mit
leather, in reguhir, medium and high
tops, Inc.) or Imtton, all mpiare toos,
ai ipi.iso to Jjx.1,01. pair
.Wen"* .WiiceuHiiiH lor ouu.'),»_ wear.
For (lie man who in outdoors Um warmest Shoe covering is our Shccp'lincd
Muci'iis'ni; juHt Ihe thing for under
rubbers.    Prices from        ,7G to $1.75
Tlio boyN need a good wearing Shoo
ns well ns their fntlici'H. Among the
new nrrivnls nro Boys' Kangaroo SIiooh,
Blucher cut, nizes 1 to f>, nt.. $2.75 pair
Bo.vh' Grain Ijcnthor SIiooh, Bhtchor
eut; this Ih a Itenvy, Ktrong Shoo, sizes
1 lo •">, nt $2,50 pair
TIi(.no jirli'i'H nro merely n HuggPHJion
of whnt we linvo; our lino of Boy»'
and Children'h Shoes is ontirely.com.
plote, For tlio stnnHer boy wo hnvo
tho Crnin .l.cnthoi', Blucher cut, Shoes,
the kind thnt withstand tho rougliosl
wonr, sizes 11 lo J:., for ... .$2.50 pair
And Kangaroo, Heavy Soled SIioch,
sizes 11 to Ul, at $2,50 pair
High-top, button, Ladies' Shoes, in
either Box Cnlf or Heavy Jtussinn len.
ther, at  $(>,b0 pair
High-top, button or luce SIiooh. just
tho thing for winter wear, at $5.50 pair
Extra higH-top Shoos, Huhhiihi Calf,
Blucher -<itt, nl  $0.50 pull'
Mackinaw   Clothing, the celebrated '"
CAI.SS KIND and the TT. B.„K.     7
Black Coat, trimmed leather ....$6.00
Black Coat, plain  , .'...$5.50
Black Coat, 44 oz. ..:..' $7.50
Grav'Coat, 44 oz $7.50.
Black Coat, 50 oz.; red trimming, $8.50
Heavy Plaid   Mackinaw,' something new, fine grade ".. .$10,00
Men's Long,.Mackinaw Pants ...$4,00
Men's Short Mackinaw Pants... .$3.75
Lumbermen's Sox in five different
grades and colors, ranging ih price,
price from 75c. to $1.50 per pair.       , .
'  Boys' Sweaters ., 75 to $2.50
Boy's Coat Sweaters , .$1.25 to $2.25
Men's Sweaters .7... .$1.25 to $4.50
' - Men's Coat Sweaters $2.25 to $10.00
Boys' Mackinaw Coats, made of
same cloth' as men's, .trimmed Avith
brass buttons, sizes from 28 to 34. ■
Saturday Special ..; — ....... $4.50
" 'i i •
' . REEFERS iii heavy Mackinawjelotli,'
in black'or blue, lined "with Red Flan-,
nel, very warm; sizes 3 to 10.years.
Prices '.'... $4.00 to $5.50
OVERCOATS of {(heavy Blanket
"Cloth in black, sea.ms'piped /.yiUi Scar-
, let;.hood of same,material, lined with
Scarlet  -Plarinel;- -excellently   made;
. sizes 3to"10 years.   Prico $4.75 and $5.
OVERCOATS'of'-lieiivy brown dia-
, gonal Tweed, lined 'with" heavy black
.throughout; trimmed with velvet collar, and brass-buttons; sizes .3 fa-10
...years.' .Prices ....$4.50, $4.75'aiid $5.
' -" OVERCOATS, good- choice yot. long"
Coats wi'1h:;military,'■collar and belted-
'men.'   Prices  ....... .$7.60"to $12.50.
1 "The cutest little..companion for the
children—a Doll,that is.just full.of exi.
pressidn..,    There,is hot a little girl,
in Fernie who' will not, insist upon having ,one. .   Ask for' the-Cute Kid.7
Price  . ,\ .■ v:   .85
• Infants' Pure Wool, soft aud warm,
Bonnots, Bootees, Caps and Toques. In
whlto, pink and pale bhje, Excellent
•selections.'    ' '".''')..
ti -1
\   ' y~~
A visit to our Furniture and Carpet
Department offers splendid opportunity to select tho odd pieces which will
make homo more comfortablo,
In Furniture our samples show tho
ontire rango of price, and stylo, from
the expensive, exclusive designs to the
moro common popular priced pieces.
In Carpots, Rugs and Linoleum, tho
stook is most complete.
We carry tho colobrated MeOlary
" line of Stoves and Ranges, description
of this old, woll-k'nown mako seems un-
l 'necessary, but for warmth, oconomy of
fuel and beauty of appoaranoo, aB woll
ai cooking qualities, nothing is as good
u'a McClary,
P   \ ___ "     ■    ■
•V i '
we do Picture
Everything   for the   Home  and  for  Everyone  in  it
JL _X\.± JL JIIO"1 VV KJKJjL/     \^v^AVJLJl xjlXt! X j
Store of


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