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The District Ledger Mar 24, 1911

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Industrial Unity is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
Vol. IV
$1.00 A YEAR.
/. ■   '
, 1.40 p.m^»
All Off
Thomas Morgan Declares that Nicola
,   Valley Coal Mines are All In
Good Condition
Thomas .Morgan,' provincial government Inspector of coal mines for tho
coast district, was in town thla week
on his; regular monthly, visit of Inspection. He Inspected the properties of the Nicola Valley Coal and
Coke Company, the Coal Hill Syndicate and the Pacific Coast Collieries,
and found every thing in tyiplepie
order. Mi-.„ Morgan declared himself well satisfied with what.he saw
of conditions here, ,and -paid a warm
tribute to the men who are running
the local mines here.    0   ■
. "The mining superintendents of the
Nicola Valley coal field know their
business," said Mr."Morgan when s-3en'
by a Herald reporter, "and all the properties here which I have inspected
are- run in a miner-like manner* and
with proper precautions for the safety
of the employes Money for timbering
has not been begrudged and the ventilating' systems are particularly perfect. Tliere is very little gas and
no danger is to be apprehended on
that score if the present precautions
; nre continued in force. ■ The manner
In which the mines here are, run re-
'fleets   great'credit, on  the   management."     ■'"   ' ' ■
Mr. Morgan is a veteran miner who
got his first experience in South Wales
and has since added to it ,very largely
ill ovor ..Canada.., His knowledge of
- coal mining is complete and compre-
"Rensive and" his* verdict may therefore
bo accepted as authoratlve.—Merritt.
I. 0.0. F. AT HOME
Thursday 'evening Mount Pernie
Lodge No. 47, I. 0. 0. F„ was at homo
to its friends. The occasion, is an
annual affair, and ls always looked forward to with a great deal bf anticipation. Invitations to the number of
1150 were sent out, and although the
sudden change in tho weather forbod-
ed a lighter attendance, it was In-
deod- gratifying to tho throe-link fraternity to see such a largo and happy
gathering of friends. Thla ovont
.will, doubtless, live., long In tho memory'of thoso present, more especially
to somo soven P. G. Odd Fellows who
woro, on this occasion presented with
Jowols by Mount Fornio Lodgo'na a
mark of appreciation and nn ovorlnnt-
Ing link to that grand motto of
"Friendship, Lovo and'Truth." To
Col Mnckay, of Stolla Lodgo, Carloton
Plnco, Ont., foil tho honor of mnklng tlio present-Ulan of tho Joweln,
nnd In pinning on tho covotad prizes
added a maxim that wo know will bo
practised throughout life's journoy by
those upon whom ihls honor was conferred. ,
At the conclusion of this ceremony
Col. Mackay deilvered a short and
pleasing address befitting the event,
and although nearly ,2000 miles from
home, felt' as free and as much 'at'
home as If by,the fireside of his
younger days in good old Ontario.
The presentation included some*sixteen Past Grands, eight of whom were
present, vIz.,T. Beck, 1/ E. Covert, E.
Y. Brake, J. P. Lundie, Dr. Wriglesworth, Fred Vance, R. Dudley and J.
W. Robertson. The remaining eight
jewels will be, forwarded to the other
brothers in good time. , The jewels
are of gold, suitably engraved, embodying the different insignias of the order
The committee, in ciiarge of the
happy event did their work well. , The
program was just right, and those
taking part acquitted; themselves" after a fashion seldom seen on* such
occasions. Owing to lack of space -we
regret our inability to give a list of
the different artists, but in passng
would just mention the Puckey Bros.,
of Coal Creek, in song and character
sketches u and Archie Prentice in
Scotch characters. Archie fairly
seemed, "Fu' th' Noo.'
■ Light refreshments, of which there
were abundance, was served at, 11,
About 12'the floor was prepared for
dancing, which was in progress -up
to 1.30 p.m.
Messrs.* Quinney and McLeod. were
the chaperons of the evening at the
I. O. O. F. .. .,
„■ Several ladies were; noticed at the
Oddfellows' "At" Home" looking for the
trna't , tto'Ih--at—pi-esent-being—stall.
feed owing to shortage, of grass, but
with the approach of Spring Lord
Buttinsky, will be on guard.
' Hats off tb' Mount Fernie Lodge
No.. 47, I.,0. O. F.; you did yourself
Botli Parties to Negotiations Standing Pat---
Miners' Repriesentatives are Secure
"■■"'■<       in Their Present Demands
'.CALGARY, March 23.—The miners
yesterday afternoon In convention with
tlie mine operators in respect to the
open and closed shop and the check
off system, offered to accept'conditions "precisely as they stand at the
present time, with no change at* all,
and to proceed with a discussion of
the wage scale. Though this is vory
reasonable and conciliatory offer, the
operators  declined  to  entertain it.
,,The miners then offered to leave
the.question,in abeyance, and proceed
with a discussion of the wage scale,
but that, too, without any success, as
it* was rejected by the operators. ■
The meeting adjourned to meet
again this morning.    '.But' if thc_.0l_.,
J. A. Tormey of Baynes Lake, who
has just returned from his tour through
out Great Britain in tho interests of
Kootonia, informs ns that the first
contingent of fruit land purchasers,*
consisting of nbout 40, havo reached
their destination ond will soon bo busy
following agricultural nnd-florlculturnl
pursuits. It Is confidently expected
that numerous others will arrlvo In
tho nonr future to help swell tho mombors of the colony,   ,.
CALGARY, Mar 23.---The following
appeared in News-Telegram in extra
large type: ' *-
"That Dominion investigators have
been along, the Crow's Nest Pass for
some months, and that they have reported to the Government .that the
men of the miners' union are beyond
the control of their leaders, and will
strike whether an agreement with the
mine owners is reached or not, is' the
sensational story told by an Ottawa
official, who is in the city to-day. The
tion. , The Discrimination Clause as
at present between District* 18 U. M.
W. of A. and the Western Coal Operators' Association, and to be a matter
of, record as at present."   ' ,,
The meaning of that was ihat the
miners' relinquish' the closed shop
where they have it. They naturally
declined the proposition. The operators then came along with a second
proposition, which read as follows:
"That (he witnesses to the signature
of the agreement write a letter to the
Minister of Labor, stating that the
agreement reached is based pn understanding that is distinctly understood
. Tho annual mooting of tho Civilian
iilfleinon'B Association will ho hold
In tho offlcos of Lnwo and Fisher
Tiiondny next, nt 8 p.m.-    •
Business of importance. Election
of offlcors. oto., to bo transuded. Full
nttondnnco requested.
- —-- • im up, niul II whh dei'ldoil tlmt tend ori*
In roiificqueiico nf n llnnrd of Trade j ho called for lo brick In tho Jail.  Car*
meeting occupying Dio Council Chum-
hern, lho City Hit hers hold tliolr do-
llberntloiiH In lho-offlco of llm City
Tho Mayor, A.^W. Ille'dsdi .1 occupied
tlio exociillvo cliiili*. Aldermen Me-
liil-.ro nml Itohoi'tHon woro the only
absentee... City Clork Iln relay rond
Dw mlnuteon of tho previous meetings
nnd snmo duly approve-!,
Coniinunleiillnii from Ftnliool Trustees nH.cliig (lint lly-lnw bo submitted
for |I",000 to put. Into effect needed
school extensions nnd Improvements.
City Health Officer, II. Anderson,
M.l>„ reported tlmt, peoplo woro still
lifting; water from the wells, and urgod
that steps het tnkon nt onoo forhMrt-
rled.    ,
Tho communication from lho Hchool
Hoard was roforrod linclr, Tho mem*
hoirt of tho Council expressed tliom*
roIvoh ns supporters of tho prlnnlplo
hut. feared tlmt tlio prosont flnnnclnl
Htnto of tho city wiih itmt.et.imlo to
moot tho amount asked. A number
of account.} were paused upon and
ordered paid,
Mr .Hammond roport-cd that In con-
8-cquonro of Mr. W. \v. llrown, nt
present, employed ns City .Onginoor
i1oen not possess thn necessary certificate. Hint llollor Inspector Slither*
land lind stntod tliut ho (llrown) could
not contlnuo ns ho had not compiled
ii»H 1.     .../•>    rnrmtrnnirviir-     ot    ti.r. " \r (.
erators are not in a "more coricilatory
frame of mind there-is little chance of
any settlement being arrived at. The
miners believe that they, have about
gono the limit Jn, conciliation'.   '_
Though ; the minors and operators
arc no nearer settlement now than at
any time since .negotiations, yet there
was some action taken yesterday, and
an approach was made to some definite conclusion, tho.result of which is
,, i.i
yet to be seen. From what cnmo out
yesterday, the public is ln a position
to judge for Itself regarding tho position of the parties, and decide which
party * is delaying the settlement. -
A slight explanation is necessary
regarding existing conditions," Tho
miners nt present havo two kinds of
agreements, * Ono ls with tho Crow's
Nost Pass Coal Company with mines
nt Fernie, Conl Croek, nnd Michel,
nnd one with tho othor Compnnlea in
tho district. Tho reason of this Is
that tho coal company ln quostion nt
tho tlmo of. tho previous negotiations
broko nwny from tho Wostorn Coal
Oporators, and signed up with tlio
miners. Thoy ngrocd to tho cloned
shop proposition, Tho minors slgnod
up lntor with tho othor compnnies
nnd tho closed shop agreement was
not Incluflod ln tho Inter agroomont,
Ilut slnco thon tho Crow's Nost Pass
u.mpnny has united onco moro with
tho Western Cqal Oporntors and In
now working with thom ln thoso negotiations, 8o It Is Boon tlmt, tho operator.. In asking for tho open shop
shop renlly nsk tho miners nnt only
to contlnuo tlmt HyHtom In a portion
of lho mlnos, but iiIho for thom to im*
HiKHilsli a prlvllogo which they already lmvo In tho oilier mines, In
which nt IciiRl half of their mon n-'o
11 is upon tIiIh quo-illon thnl Ihe
illffoi'onro botwoon Iho miners uiu!
tho oporntoi'f. arose ,nnd ll I-* upon
this point Mini they hro Rt 111 In din-
Now, hern Is whnt lmppeiiod yen-
tordny (22). At tho very 1'm.lmiliin
tho Hiib'CommUteo roportod ns follows:
"We, your -sub-tommlttte, beg to ruport that we have boon unnblo to
arrlvo at nny snllsfnctory not Momont
of tlio nmltcr referred to W. II. Mo-
Noll!, Lewis Stockott, C. Sttibbn, A .1.
Then tho minors mndo n proposl-
"same otlTdlaPslatcs that not only has
the government recognized this, but
that military officers of experience
have been sent aiong the* Pass tode-
and agreed between lhe, parties, that
there is to . b.e_jiQ__dis&L:i_nina.Uou_Qi_4-i
CALGARY; Friday 1.30 p.m.—Operators propose this morning after we
had told them last night that we had
gone as far as possible towards settlement of matter under discussion, thnt
the general provisions of the Western
Coal Operators' Association, with the
date of expiration fixed at March 31st,
1913, and with the discrimination
clause as at present to obtain and be
made a matter of record in the same
manner. -
An increase of 5.55 per cent on aii
day wages of.the Western Coal Operators' Associations scale and on
contract prices .except on pillars and
Meeting, adjourned to resume deliberations at 3 o'clock.
From the above it will ,be readily
recognized that the proposals of the
operators are of*, such, a character as
to lead one to the supposition that, it
is a caso of feinting for a position,
or sparring against time. The concessions proffered, if by such.a tcrrr^
it can be designated, also carries with
it the surrender of'the closed shop
that at present exists In some
of the largest properties in tlie
district, notably the Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Company, Frank, Taber, etc.
The miners' representatives are perfectly willing that this question should
continue without change from the existing status—i.e., those working under open shop remain -as ' they are,
like rule tp apply, to those operating
under closed * shop regulations. The
matter of excepting from the increase
those engaged on pillars and timbering affects a large number of the mom-
Dosrner, B. C.
James Ashworth ..
Mnrch 20, 10M
....'....$   50.00
termine, which would be the most "advantageous spots''to plnco 'troops'in
case of trouble wllh the men resulting over Iho strike,"
The following telegram was sent to
MacKenzie King:
"Calgary, .'Mnrch 22, Hon. W. L.
MacKenzie King, Minister of Labor,
"Following' is a copy of statement
appearing in Calgary-News Telegram,
such statements will only load to
friction, which should be avoided. Can
you affirm or dony this, would llko to
roply by wlro to Calgary, whore wo
aro now -negotiating with oporators
for now agrecmont.' (Statomont from
Nows Telegram repeatod hore). Signed: W.B, Powell, Pros.; Clora Stubbs,
Vive-Pros,; A. J. Carter, Socy.-Treas.,
District 18, U. M. W. of A."  ,
Roply by MncKonzlo King:
Otntwn, Mnr. 22. IOH, W. _. Powell,
Pres, United Mine WorkorH Union,
"Reply to your wlro of to-dny signed
by yoursolf nnd MoBurB. Stubbs nnd
Cnrter iib Offlclnls of Unitod Mlno
Workors Union, nsklng nfflrmnllon' or
dinlnl of slntomenl attributed to Ottnwn official In paragraph quotod
Cnlgary Nows-Tologrnni, I deny most
emphatically truth of ovory sontonco of
iho alleged Blntomont. Tho government has hnd no roiiNon to eonlemplnte
troiiblo wiih lho minors of tlio Crow's
Nos I Pat-in, and has*, ovory t-onlliioiico
In tho vllllngno*!*-! nnd nlillltlen of the
piii'tlf-c nl priwnt ncq;olltitIiig lo reach
n sntlBfnctnry agreement. JU-poitu of
thin kind quoted nro' an unfounded
nn thoy nre nilHClievlons. W, L, Mac-
Keny.lo King, Minister of Labor."
Bankhead Mines Limited	
Bankhead Mines Officials	
Blairmore business men and
Canada Cement Co., Calgary
Canmore Local Union, U. M,
W. of A.' '	
Columbia C. and' C, Granite
Creek, B. C, employees	
Coal Creek, B. C, Mine officials	
Cardiff, Alberta, Local Union,
U.   M.  W.   of  A. .','."..;....'
Corbin,   13.   C, business men
and officials   *	
Coleman,' Alberta,    business
* men and officials  ,.;	
Calgary Herald Public    Subscription  	
Cumberland, B. C, No. 7 Mine
Carbondale Local  Union  No.
2227, U. M. W. of A. , '
Fernie, B. C, business * men
and. citizens   	
.1. C. GwiUIam, __ingstone,_Ont
Hosmer Mines, Ltd	
Hosmer Mines Employees  ..
Hosmer .Mines officials and office'staff  ".	
Hosmer Business nieri  .."...
Hosmer Women's Auxiliary .. *
W. II. P. Jarvis.-Toronto,,Oht.
Kaslo, " B.  C„ business  men
and   citizens    :
Lille  Local  Union,  No.  1233,
dividual  reqiioi-t  In  writing of nny
the ' part. of .the 'companies   against
Union men or on part of Union men
against non-union men employed, and
that .this letter be published in the
Labor Gazette." '   This suggestion as"
will be seen'also provides that Union
men abandon Union shop,where It already exists, and miners objected to
that. - They voted it down.   Then the
operators  came  along wtlh  a   third
proposition,    involving     arbitration,
which is a s follows: "1. That we proceed with tho.dlscusslon of the agreements and with such clauses with any
amendments or rates as we may agree
upon to bo embodied In and become
pnrt of the new agreement.   2. Such
clauses or rate as wc mny not bo nblo
to ngrce on to bo'sot to ono sldo to
comploto our negotiations to bo submitted  to  n  board of arbitration for
flnnl adjustment.     3. Tho finding of
such bonrd to bo binding nnd flnnl,
nncl to bo accepted by both pnrtlos.
4. Such board to consist of two mombors nppolntod by tho Wostorn Coal
Oporntors' Asoclatlon, nnd two mombors to bo Appointed by District 18 of
the U. M. W, of A„ nnd prosldod over
by tho Chief Justice of Provlnco of
Albortn, or nny justlco   of   supromo
court of Albortn nppolntod by him.
Monntlmo should  an award  not bo
arrived ul by board of arbitration" by
31st Inst, tho minors will contlnuo to
work and tho oporntoi-H  to operate
their mines under lho present ngrco*
mollis, and tiny nwnrd mndo Hhnll apply as from tho first of April, 1011."
Tho minors objected lo this on the
ground thnt ns llio dniiHo under dis
amnion was lho very flrnt ono of nil.
mid  Breton 2 In operator*,   proposal
provides for nn arbitration upon nny
disputed  c|iuis-os, (hat tho oporntors
might Hny that thoy objected lo lln-l
iilld ovory  _.iir-.<>'.**llni.    rhiuso,     TJ;o
nilnorH hold Unit If llioy nro gciiiig lo
iiogoHato lot ihoni nciiollnto, nnd In
Mint thoy nro fiolni. lo nrliltriilo Mini tit
bers of the'" Union who are certainly
entitled to consideration, the prices at
present paid for this class of work,
especially, the timbering .are totally
Inadequate* iii all camps,' and notoriously so in the lignite field.
• 20':oo
A Chinaman whoso name we did not
learn, was found dead on the railroad
track of the G. N. R, near Hosmer,
Coroner Bloasdoll left on this morning's local to mako-an Investigation
of thp circumstances surrounding tho
untimely death of the unforttinato Oriental nnd hold an inquest upon tho
J. B. Gravott, who has boon rtistlcat-
lug a fow degrooH houMi of lho Nortli
Polo roturnod to his old haunts and
brings bnck a gront Hlory of tho bound-
Iobh possibilities lying dormant which
will bo opened up n3 quickly as transportation will mnko thoir exploitntlon
n profltnblo venture.
67 .,75
H. W. McNeill,-Ltd:, Canmore,
Alberta.- "employees .... .*'.'.
Michel,  13. C„ business men
and citizens * iy:,:.';" .■/.•...
Maple Leaf Local Union, No.
282.0, U. M, W. of A	
Nelson News Public .Subscrlp.
Nicola Valloy, C. and C. Co.,
employees    200.00
Pacific Coast Conl Mines ....     25.00
Pacific Const Coal Mines cm-  *
ployees        101.25
Hon. W, ]{. Ross, Victoria, B.C.  - 50.00
Royal   View,  Albertn,  Local
Union No. 25S0 U.M.W. of A
Small outside subscriptions ..
Taber Local Union No, 1950 U.
M. W. of A	
J. B. Turney, Lothbrldgo, Alta
Vermillion Forks M. & b. Co.
Princeton, B.C.,' omployeos
Western Fuol Co., Nnnnlmo..
Western Fuol  Co.,  Nnnnlmo,-,
Employees      COO.00
R. It. Williams         5.00
W. II. Wnll, Vancouvor, I). C.      5.00
WoBt    Cnnndlnn    Colllorlos,,
Jllf.lr.noro, Alfa     500,00
Went    ('iiniidiiiii     Colllorlos,
Blnirmoro KmployecB     131,75
$ 1,705.01
M    -       I        ll
■**** %*A>
of lho eompnnloH' employees, the '-oni-; nnnthor quostion. Then tlio minera
pnnleH njmll (Initio! Hiieh monloH from | Kl.nt -,, u HOooinl propnnlilnn, ll In nn
(Iin wiikch ench month for duo*, nn-l f„]|0Wn:
A BUSY B. of
Minute nnd finnnolnl iilniomeiii rond,
Klec-tlon of officer*, reunited an In),
Picsldonl- W. (i. Bun-Ill)-;
Vlro*Pri*nlili-iil--,T, II, Pollnok.
Sloe. Trons,--.!. {.. hloffnl.
I'.Xi-tllllVI' Council!     McHHIB.  i.lliK-lH,
niitcn, do  Mimllploil, Adiilr.  Km-llng, j b.i ui«d for pioiini
Depow, Quail, Ingram ntul I.nwe,       jf.inip.ilf-n
Moll on mndo lo rocpn :l tlu- (!. .V.
Uy, <o. In revert to iho old time can!
eoint! in In tin' iiioriiliig ii it i] depart
at 1-lf.lit. Vole of «li;iii!.*i .-iru-idi'd
Ui retiring Kecrelin-y Sii.-il*.-*).*,(*ii,
It. wn.i iibi'i muted lImi  the J*_xoru*
live Council mil ii|>.*ii Hie Cily Conn*
ell 'mid   iuul,(* ivi|i:i   i   for ii  itrniit   to
l!.*n(liii*1 a publicity
BCHHiiioiits, fliieii and Inltlntlon fees hh
designated either by a Hpociflml hiiiu
or on n percent ago bnnl« by locnl
Hooretnry, A bonk shtill bo kept In
tho mlno offlco of each compnny, Imv
Ing check-off order nttncboil, which
Bhnll bo profloiitod to each pnrfion omployod or nbout lo bo employed thut
tlioy mny hnve nn opportunity of nee-
"Thnt the preamble, with dnto of
o\'|iIi'.*illnn Mnr .1 "I, 101'!, chirk-off
nnd (llHorlmltintlon elani-pq iir nt prc-
Kent. exlHtlng between Iho Wedtorn
Conl Operators' Association nnd Ills-
trict IS. U, M, W. ot A. with (lie following elnimn: The conditions specified   nnd   contained   In   tho  prenmble
rXiorXr rxft   niil    ,Xii.r.,.t..itri..ii -.        '-   ■
One  of  Ilie  dlMiirivtinliir'ivr  Di.'it   Ifiil-
This nnterinliinient, given under the I
JiUKploc'B of the ro.tldeiil  iiiemhcru of j
Mm  KiiIkIiIh of ('iilunihiiR,    held    ._.',..„ 0|| „ „,,„,-,,,,,.„ vHI, (0 ,,.,,,.,,,.. i,nvo
llruco'rt Unii, wkh mi emliR-ntly suc-j |1(.n,(()fori,  lK,eil   BIIj,j,.cl  to   |H   now
ing tlio conllnunnco of thin dnngoroniilcilv Clork Inntnieterl tn roi-tw-f.-. bin|bol-v.*,'.     Tt   ;mt.ni.-  Ilml   IJ.I-  .v._..i..
vy,...uy.*, *»__.__. 10 set-in'.ni; snmo; sueh ordorn Hhnll bo con-lm evlKtotioo nnd  rnvovnlnt» Vr>»»*oon
ena<-fiOI   nffnlr
,\„,\   tyili,   .,•*>,•! I > t
in- !,» D-,
The reslKnatlons ot two employees
cf th'o fire Depnitniniil wero road.
Application for poHllion of driver wns
mndo by C. S. O'llourko,
roRlgnntlon. wll! consent lo n Renernl open shc-p
It wan decided to report this mnttor whoro open aliopR now exist nnd nl«o
bnck to tlio Water nnd Light Commlttoo.
The Tf»Oii(,,rt of KnMnoor Wm   Ttftti*-
'iJio qucnMofl of tho nmount ehnr/f-jmnn for incronno of nnlnry ordorod
od MoBsrii. Mnrlnnro IIrother* for eice
trie power wnn brotiRht forwnrd nnd
Bhenvood Tferehmcr epoko on bohnlf
of tho i?en(lemon and bin connection
therewith wlillo mnyor Inst sossilon,
r.r. orst were rciv.1 froiu Mr. Ut-cU-
mar and Mr. TL II. C. Hammond on
thc ,-mbJca.
Chief Clorko naked for n.ldliloral
eati, etc., to aireomoda!*; future truMtfu.
filed.    •
Moved thnt ndvortlsement bo inserted in Iocnl pnpors for enftlnecr with
gprond r\an» n. C. eertlflcnte.
Tho Water and LlRht Committee
(uoniHictidcd thnl the *ninry of J,
de Ltie-A lie floe) per month from
Apclt  Ist.
Moved nnd seconded thnt the question  of Wring nnd  •*H?e'.iarRlnij eta-
to open shop where the elose.l rhop
oxlHtK, provided Mint thn operator.! on
ft,ft  rili.*-  x... -.    -,      .1   ■      *<      ,','..
off nyMcm, which linn already been ox*
plnlned, and which is set forth below,
This scorned to be n fair proposition,
hut the operators voted It down. The
propoiml road ns follows: "Tint we
ndopt tho prenmble as exist** at pre
iiiMxit. md .•oM-jvuhiili.cs (lurinK tho* piKtrlet IR 11. M. -W. of A, nnd thol.-f*,.,- „,;il(ln;r n short addi**.*.-* tl.,
.Ifo of this flKrcomont, the companies, various eompnnles from nnd between I,„„.,,.„ pt0..^m wn, Xim\'i )■
will tnrr.h'h lor**! f-rerttarks *fi|tli n April I, 1809 nnd Mnrch .11, 1011, shnll      ' '"       '"'        "    l   * ' ''
■ ii'iJiiiti-ii, iiiiiiihs 10 tho eiiteipriso of
1 uur   |m,iil  lirm,  "The  t'row'fi      y.ont
' *!•
statement kIiowIiik dodiiclloiiH Hindu
nnd from whom nnd Bhnll also allow
um .or ill M-ifi'iiity Ui eviimine thc
eompnnv's reulster of employees once
each week. Tho union agrees Mint
tliere Rlinll bo no strike on nccount of
non-union employ-en, nnd tho companies agree wllh ' the United Mine
Worker** nf .\morlrn nnt tn dh<-rlmlii;
ronllimo during the life of tho ngreo
Thnt looks llko a vory reasonable ■ '','
propnsltlon. It moans thnt the miners
nro prepared to ko nhend with the
agreement be left In abeyance and w«,*
open or rinsed shop and cherk-off pro-
cicely the snme ns where they nre at
.Muri'.i, OrchcMtrii,
Hour  T.ltlle   Sli-vinrnf*'
Tnidtni: Company."     A iftstofully do-
1 coruted "Uchi  IlOorn" tins heen fitted
tjunrtel, "'Tho up wlh* re patrons who lmvo concluded
.        ffif.ir    "t,*".,     iV.f elit.-i-i   it  *1..t„  , I .!.   .   . ,.  . 1.
.1 ' (lino iU'.iit' iile.i.-iinly, while (iwaitlcg
Ordered ihnt hnlf-dexrn at *t*.S0 caeli * ployees   In   the   -.overal tlfpartmenis
ho bought. jll-r-alth Offleer Ineliido nttendnn.ro upon
l, '/.it r»i'< n.lrirs retiiM'i. il, Tho
sc^nl between thc Wrf-slern Co.il Oper*j ate against  members." ) miners thon  made the Inst  proposl* _
aters Aseoclntlnn nnd l>lstr]r» 1S r '    TlilR wan (n1lox\-f,l by r, prupuaal !__..il._i_ i>r ihe day. which is n* xtil\nwa:\htt «eleriion, N_r   t>. i-.*ii-»>r*l.
M. W. of A., -wltli the dnte >d Mpln*; the opera I ot n xthlcli h given below: 1 "Tliat tho (Tenons!
lion March 31, 1011, nnd iho following!    "The cheek-off rlnuse as in Dw pro-' ncr. tr.tnt itf left In
wnt  agnvom-Hit  lietwoen   l»lsttlef   |V .\rntiod with tho negotlntlo:
chtiflt-off tind dlM'tlminniiot "iMiti-Lt:
'Tbo enmpanle* will jttve to the irnlt-
ed   Mine Workers of Arn-f-rlra full r**-
V. M. W. of A. and Western Con! Op-'vrritrc- ica. ."     Hut operntors would' Mr. -lolm Joiner
vision* tarthf if#.XU*Xfo/n r,t Dw ihitY-
Tbt> irinDir ot btxior fotiillnlloa ro-■ prisoner* _■ a portion of his datle* 1 rogtiltion and ronrnle the check off .iff .in thov mn- <*-<*f-t. with tho ietor;it!'l._...    I'.'ti
irtrif by Hty TfonVh Offfoor waa tut-J\nltl_.ul. eiU* icwmi-KSiUon.,* jsysiem. ihnt is to ray, upon the In-. *«;ii»^«.I«'h .«*ih<-« nt«i| In the asooda- inr of 2«th
iii'o to Dial.    ,Tlie
in: J  lu u.M,l  .
."iillVnlllllecii." MIhm Julln
C.r.'ity. l!if.tiunie|.lrtl duct, Me.'.-s ".. J Dw .'ilii-.a! of the tt.\'t.
MelniilH mul rictcj-cr. Ilecl':iilo:i,| VjuIuu*' iii;n-.-izlin i and other srilt.
Mlsrt Allc-o Tyldchley. Piu. 10 *e!.c7-tide Ilieiaitir.. ran be pet used, nnd
tion, Mlns C-. Cody. Song,'"We Curl-; sratlnnery will be fiirnlahcd »o thoso
ed on tho Shore."Mr. A. I'rctitlre. yst.) \*i I •* desire to iiMIIh*- tho sparo- mo-
I'iit-rlik'H Im;., «mt ii_->-trn. MHin, " i nc 11.<m.. in wrlie letiers
Admiral's Mroom." Mr. Hcofleld.   Vlo-j    Wis fee I U1.1t Mil* lunotiitlr.n will be
Sonff,' ivelrotiie.l by Mie Pidle*. dnil ft;'j»i'*< Lit-
Mr.    Webb \*d ncc-.r.Hp"ly.
">e|l.      r"'.ti,;|     V'c   -■••  .'/i.rjr., ,1   by  H.e   .,.*i,.'.;•■ ■
ef (hoUnd dance, Mit*'" "Ul:U<u n«*rurd   H'.n*.*7ni it  Mm  it I- Mielr In Lotion tn 'n-
'■*«_.   »._..   r__i       toiel, "Army  ainllaiii'tliate   Htlll   further   iiiipn;t.-netili
. i,,',fi i.-n*f_i Xaty."      i-vi.-i'loti,  ■■Vin.   U-i-st   litiro^hunly in t\.t',i tttotln to (ui,t u-Dw
.until,]xml ;iu.,tii.«-i." -.i_i.it/..r.i.       x'tft ■f.._eii-M|iiir»*»ii-iiis of »hHr ron't'^ntt;.-   In-
Hit  Kins'."     I>.i:n I1.1? till I  a.n-,.       'rr.--ii.inr Tr.t.i.raro.
provisions of tho ("My Wild Irli-h Hom-,"
a!i«.*.niii" M.l wo^riiit.- . •li-«il<ni. Mr   ''i'il" -II
••? *
fcfour Honey,
.*SmTOcnce"riov. !
We want 'everyone to kow
fyaf we are paying0-*-
c-42 Iuierestr^
perenrnam create, irfthlf
on savings deposits ($1-
& apwaro) subject loWh**-
.on Me_epositeof *
_nj*jmwi.hs & over. -
We invest monef for clients
general ffnandal ksiness.
0We vraril'-flur savings accnt
c.y.item5Tkalty, ■**----
Gommer.ee NOW Willi 115.
Deposits \if mail"-^1^
■*- ■+ -t- easily ttandlw.'—
_ou"?ansei_) "by Draff,
Post Gffice,-»- 6^prc5_
OrScr ov Re^erecT^
better & withdrawals
can be ma5F**» •*-,*+"^'■■•
\V_Tare' Respouaibl e
Refer ftf*^-*- + ■*.-»■
*r -          art-
| Electric Shock . in Mines f
*V -'"'.*.                    ,        -,..-   ■    ->           '             ■_•
Jf v                                                       " '              *-.                                         .                     at
* *******-**^¥-*_f^¥j*^-^
Wftatf Are
VOI/ Worth
From the
It Is estimated thnt
■ the uvcrn_.o rami is
worth US n day fro'n
tho neck ihuiu—whM
Is ho worth Irom tlio
neck upf
Thnt dcpenits cn.
tlrely* upon tnu'i.lw..
II you nro tralni-d no
Hint you plnn and
direct work you wo
worth ten times ns
much ns the mnn
who cnn woij. only
uniler orders,
The Intornatlonal
Corroipondonc* School*
j.nto the ninn-who In
Ktm__._lln__ iilom,' ou
Ktixill pny nnd sny lo
him, Wo will trnln
yon lor promotion
rliilit whcie you nre,
or wc will ri'.inljfy
you to tiilco up ii
moro coniii-nlnl lino
o[ work ut n inuuli
lilklhur Biilnry."
livery inonili fn*v.
c*rnl hu mir i'il im.
ili.'iils volunt rn ily
lepoil iiilvnncenieiit
us tho din el result
Of I, C. S. triilnlnir,
You im:*M not k*;ivo
your pri'dent work,
or your own lioinc.
Murklhii, tuu|iou«t
onco and mail it.
I Don Vi'i, Scmnlriii, I'd. *.   •
4 l'l.i»i> »»|,|iln,   hIIIihiii   liiitti*-.  i i.Mi-'.ii ,n in u,.* *
. Jiilrl, l,nw 1 rait MlMlllV lur H l^fff-r n-iiiri':ir.,|        •
T tijvuli, rlii^qt   M   I'm  | ',.11,'-II   I,. l-oru *
* tthiili   I   lnvn  in-»i"U«■ I X. ♦
* ,,l,
4 S'jint        _        __  .,
* St-fft «mi Xi   .       .. *
* City     , ______ .'>'.._.■»__,.__ ,
Mt««M*««M«l*l.   ttlM'MII
Ad Wrltir
AfohHiftunl flullimnn
f»lfijrl>ii«l f ***jiit#f
Window T»i-nifVft»
Bliuf 1_j'«l()r*ll*>ni-a _
Ci*/.. (**f,lsi» tutr*.
roninctur tn* Mviijir
iiin*iranii,\ 0_ _ i|> eif
f t.tetnwn F'lunil.-f  '
WtO **iv_iil f . „,■.___.
(. lull (.OiUnttt
NUc-Mnntai n_kiiuMkh
M, (I. i.uinliunt'-.'t C»*"J.
f (jfiinun Mi(iin int
litt.1ni.il ti.jif *|f
./i-n**'. tf}\rntt
|     f t-.i-.r-u.                               ■
j     (,._.,km -.fiff
|     hl*t'H'jU^iiif
Not long ago the Miners' Union in
the County of Durham, England, passed a resolution that no electrical apparatus should be used in the mine,
and the manager of one of,the largest coal mines in the county will not
use electrical apparatus anywhere except hi the immediate vicinity of the
pit bottom.* . In 1909 the Association
of Mining* Electrical Engineers was
formed in Great Britain, with branches
in various places, which at the time
of  writing  this  article  totaled  more
than ' 500  in  membership.
*f   .
The object of the association is to
bring about an exchange of opinions
between men engaged in the practical
work of electricity in mines, as it is
the very small matters that give the
trouble and not the'..theory. It is-
the' little bits of dirt where it ought
not to be, the loose wire on the terminal, the loose cable and in the screw
covered joint, the carelessly insulated
cable, and so on, whicli leads to the
trouble. It is these and many more
similar things that have been the
cause of the greater number of
It has been stated that SO per cent,
of the members of the Association of
Mining and Electrical Engineers' are
engaged in looking after apparatus In
mines, the remainder being, colliery
managers consulting engineers engagfd
in mining work, and a certain number
of 'representatives of manufacturers.
The use of electricity in mines is a'
three-sided   problem   at  least.
There is the electrical side, there
is the mechanical side, and there is
the mining side; and thc mining side
is at least as important as either of
the others. Electrical men cannot
possibly.know much about mining.
Thoy will acquire a knowledge,,of
mining sufficient for their needs as
they go along if they are wise and
keep (heir eyes and ears open. The
president of the association gravitated
into mining work from electrical. He
commenced life as an articled pupil
to a firm that was° fitting up electrical apparatus in mines, and was left
in charge of an electrical plant at a
colliery in the Midlands. "While there
he made .use of the opportunity to
study mining and to qualify as a mining engineer, ancl from that he gravitated to a subordinate position on the
mining staff, ancl thence to that' of
the manager of the large concern he
now superintends. Every electrical
engineer engaged in mining would do
'-.vell-to~follovy hi __"~exaiiipie~so—far
studying mining conditions goes. It
is a very old rule, originally applied
to barristers, that a man should know
everything of his own profession and
as much as he can of every other. In
the case of electrical engineers engaged in mining work, they should
now everything about electricity, as
far as time will allow, and as much
as thoy possibly can learn about mining, In the carrying out of electrical
Installations In mines it often happens
that tho requirements of the elect) i-
cal engineer run counter to the conditions that tho colliery, •manager considers safe, Tho electrical engineer
cannot easily understand tho limitations-that, arc Imposed upon him, and
it is o'hyl by a friendly exchange of
views, :i friendly exchange of thought,
such ns look place during tlio moot Ings
of the branches of tho association during last session, Ihat lho two views
of the two branches of engineering can'
bo reconciled.
Thoro Is nnotlior very serious point
In connect ion with tho uro of -electricity ln mlnos: viz., tho "want of familiarity of the great bulk of electrical
engineers with mining conditions. Tho
conditions under which miners have
lo,work "aro totally dlfforont to thono
under whicli men work on tho surface,
and minors mny ofton bo found carry*
Ing out operations under conditions
Unit, to the ordinary mirfaco workman
appear just, ns marvellous ns thoso of
the finllor on n topsail yard. In the
nnvy In llio old Hailing days tlioy had
ii miylng. "Ono hand for llio (jiionn,
and ono for, myself," but. In' a great
iniuiy InMimcus both linmlri wen* k1yi.ii
for tho Queen. In mining worlc 11. Is
Homnwlinl similar, often on*** hand for
tlm colliery owner, nud one fnr "your*
Milf and iiriiIii ll very often happens
,tliiil both hands havo to bo iihciI in tlio
Hci'vlcf- of the nilno owner.
It  Ih  iici'iHsary  lo havo  ..lodrlrol
This, it will easily .be" understood,
leads to many difficulties in the way
of keeping apparatus going. It leads
io tho requirement of a considerably
larger number of men to look after
electrical apparatus than would otherwise be necessary. In a great many
instances a man executing a repair
to a cable, lo a switch or distribution
box, to a motor or its controller, is
working under very, awkward conditions, and is. only too anxious to get
it done ,and get away, 'if this side
of the question be considered, the writer thinks that the toll of life, and.the
number of accidents that have taken
place in British mines, will be seen
not to have been so large as from their
actual number they would appear.
The writer has summed the matter
up on several occasions in two words:
viz., insulation and care. ' If the insulation of the whole of tho apparatus
is maintained at a certain standard,
the chances of shock are reduced
to a minimum, and the writer believes
would be very few indeed. If to the
maintenance of good insulation everywhere, care were added on the part of
every one concerned, he believ.es that
accidents would be practically eliminated. One of the .most striking
features whicli came out in the discussions'which .took place at*-the
branches of the Association of Mining
Electrical Engineers was- the "fact
that a very large number of the accidents in mines were due lo want of
care. In some cases lhe carelessness
actually- approached ' foolhardiness.
Men who knew, or should have known,
the risks which* they took in doing
certain things, deliberately did them,
and was killed. One very striking
instance will probably illustrate the
matter. At a certain colliery there
was an extra high-tension switchboard
working at somewhere about* 3,000
volts or.over. Some alterations were
required to the connections at the
back of the board, and that portion of
the apparatus was disconnected from
the service and carefully rendered
harmless. The otljer portion of the
space at the back of the board, where
the live conductors were fixed, was
carefully divided off from the portion
where the alterations were being carried out, so that unless a man wilfully
and knowingly removed the division it
was practically impossible for him to
do himself any harm. The man who
was carrying out the alterations' was
a highly skilled electrical engineer, in
receipt of a_ fairly su'__staAtial_salar__,
In one class of cases* the insulation
of some portion of the apparatus has
either perished or been damaged m
some way, and a man has caught hold
of what he has ' supposed to be an
insulating envelope, or a metal or some
other body that was insulated from"
the service aud has actually brought'
his hand more or less In intimate
connection- with the, service itself.
One . fruitful cause of accidents of
this kind is the imperfect covering of
joints. In mines generally, and in
certain British, coal mines in particu-,
lar, falls of roof are somewhat frequent. Cables furnishing current for
lamps and motors have been suspended from insulators secured to props
by the side of' the road. Falls of
rock have sometimes merely damaged
the insulation of the cable, and sometimes have parted the cables. ■ In
either case, if the damaged Insulation
is not made good, if the covering of
the joint, or of the damaged portion
of the cable, is not made of as high
an electrical resistance as that of
the cable before ■ the accident took
1'laoe a man touching the presumably
cuveit-d joint may ieceive a siiei.!>- ihal
will'be fatal. ' Unforluni'cly uu:i-
e.our, cases have occurred of this kind
In lhe West of Scotland, ior'instance,
ii in the practice for what are called
"brushers". to-go into the mine after
Irani* and clear out the co-u dust.' In
one instance at any rato, and probably
in' .more, a "brusher" has found a
cable in "-his way and has caught hold
of _ it, believing it to be perfectly
harmless, as it was apparently insulated, and has attempted to move it out
of the way, with the result that he
has received a shock and been killed.
A striking instance, that was mentioij
ed in the discussion upon shocks at the
writer's branch, of the danger of imperfectly covering joints was the following: A haulage motor had, stopped working and an electrician had^
been sent for to put it right. He
found a wire broken in the motor, repaired it, and, as he thought, covered'
it, leaving the machine' running all
right. He proceeded to go out of the
mine,' but when he had walked a little
way, as men often do', feelnig anxious
about the work, be returned to see
that it was still working all. right.
Unfortunately, the motor being stopped between' journeys, he touched the
joint that he had made and received
a shock by which he was killed. In
this instance it   was apparently w:ant_
^fiC3^0tS.|l*±S|| *Mepitsof
iU;~UMITED—.     .4*.     Minoiirre
Beware of,
[Sold, on the
ffij^Ko-^ToT.c.mcHARK.-*_B  Minard s
August 6-11.
Apparantly he.was in a hurry to get
away to a football match, or something
of that kind, ancl after carrying out
the alterations to the portion of the
board roqulred, he deliberately 'removed the partition mentioned above,
olther to get sometning behind the
oLher portion of the switchboard or to
g".'. at some connection there, and accidentally touching a live conductor,
war killed. In ano'n-i case, which
is also illustrative if the want of
care, a comparative youngster, who
was not so fully imbibed with respect
for the killing properties of electrical
conductors as he ought to have been,
made a connection for testing purposes between two conductors at the
back of the board by means of tho
piece of stiff bent copper wire held in
his hand. By accident ho also rmico
connection .with another live conductor, between wliich and ono of the
conductors ho was connecting consid-,
orablo pressure existed. Fortunately
for himself, tho connection wns only
for nn Instant The result wns a
powerful flash whicli hlhulod hlm for
some weeks, nnd which it Is to bo
hopo wor a lesson to him, In this
enso nlso tho youngster lincl a cer-
tnln amount of knowledge, which ought
to hnvo kopt him from playing mon*
koy tricks such as thai doscrlbod, A
moro sorloiiB monkey trick thnt n
youngster played upon a "central generating station, and which nlBO rosult-
od in temporary blindness to tho operator, wns the throwing of a ploco
of fuse wire up In the nlr, In tlio neighborhood of a switchboard; tho fuse
wlro foil upon n pnlr of conductor**
botwoon which considerable prcsBiiro
oxlsled, nnd being Immodlntoly melted, n blinding flush followed, with tho
romilt mentioned.
ShocitH occur wlion n ninn olthor
toiiclic-H one conductor between which
imd the ground upon which ho stniulH
,     .   , ,11   COIIHllltTUblo   .llff-l'OWO  Of   pt'l'KSUI'O
(.iH:ln.-(-i*Hiok(.(.p(.lc.clrl....l..ppni*ntus|(,>.|H|1.|   f).,  n(1(,|(lpntnlly  l011rl|PB  lw0
Mil orili-r. bin ihey an- not nblo to do ;,.„,„„„.,„,.„ bntwe01, wllU,h „ mwMer.
.Through buying your wines and liquors at? retail   when  by  ordering
from us you get the lowest wholesale price. '     -.
Will cost you about half as much
per bottle as if you bought it in
the drdinary way. Order a case,
make the saving, and get better
liquors besides. ,
45  Steam-Heated   Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
_ The King Edward
Fernie's   Leading   Commercial -Hotel
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
'      '\
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised ... .$10-000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000
Capital   Paid  Up    $5,575,000       Reserve Fund $5,575,000
D. R. WILKiE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke,' Vancouver.and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
' , Fernie.  B. C.
'jniP'iiTO Quip ib*i ftimnimBi idikwhij wi*
Feme-Fort Steele
. Brewing Go., Ltd,
T—      r
e Beer
Bottled Goods a Specialty S
of knowledge that was at the bottom
of the trouble. The man thought he
had covered the joint sufficiently. According to the information that was
given during the discussion, the joint
was. covered with wet tape and of
course the insulation resistance "was
very low. ' " ,
In other cases, what ought to*hnve
been perfectly harmless metallic bodies * have been rendered alive, and
havo beon the cause of fatal shocks
to mon touching them, ■ through defective insulation of some parts of
thc electrical' service, ' Ca-X'.*. such
ns thai following hnvo,ba***._ again un
fortunately only too freqiien:. Men
walking to tho faco, or returning
from it, have caught hold of thc gal**
vanlzed iron electric signal wires that
form part of tho oqulnmcni of nearly
every plant ln Ilrltisli collieries, nnd
havo received shocks from which they
havo died. In other cases a man
has caught hold of tho iron edge of n
mlno wagon and.boon killed, Again,
a some what fruitful sourco of fatal
Bliock has beon tho lmulnge ropo of
coal-cutting machine*"-. In Hritish
colllorlos tho longwnll ..coal cutting
ma-ohlno ls vory largely omployed. It
will bo remembered that ln tho working of tills machlno It Is. usual to
havo n working faco ranging from
100 yards upwards. Tho machlno,
whether lt Is ono of t,]io disk, tho bnr,
or tho chain typo, Is drawn along tho
faco, culling lis groovo ns II. goos
along, For lho purpose of hauling
tho machine- nlong the fare a imnll
golvnrilzoil-stooi hauliigo ropo In cnrrl-1 -^"nniln, publlflhol hy, W,
To you, the" lumber we sell U
carefully inspected. Every step
in its preparation is closely
scrutinized cas that when it
reaches you, tliere will be ,no,
unsuspected' , •
All this care wo insist upon, for
we want to sell you more than
ono bill of lumber, If we can
satisfy you on your fh-ot -purchase we can on the others.
.-•h nun), work and lo wnik as comfort- ,,,.. ,m,.(,ro)i(,0 of ,iroHHUro „,-•„■„
I ably, ur with uh littlo dnngor. on iip-,,,y ,„„ two ,lfll|(,S( or (wo olhor ,„„,,„
j 1'iiralu.s In !*i!i_.*s a* lliuy would wu:l_ f ,„„ ,)|)(,y t,,.8f,s |mvo 0l.curred ,n
|on the Hi.ifiu*... until they have i_.-on  „.,,,„,,  ,„„„   1|im> m.(,i(1,,„,n„v  ,„„,,„
contact with thc-lr heads against a con
working In Dw mlnoR for a consider*
60   YEARS'
Trade Marks
CopvniQHTS Ac.
J'.nyono Bonding n skotcli nnd doflci-lntlnn mn;
qulolilr /mcortnlii our opinion froo whothor an
InvcMtlnti 13 pi'olmlilj* nutQiitnlil ..Communion,
tlonanrlotljr ronUdontraL IIANDBOPK .    '"
tout (mo. iJlilost; nponcy (or nonirhik latflMs,
1'ntontn tnkon l Iir on ull Mmm ft, C" 	
tptfUiUwllct, without cIim-ko, lu tlio *
on I'ntonto
:o. receive
A linntanGly lllimtmtoil wno lily, r.nr«o«t, olr>
culnilim ol nny Holomlllo Journril,   'J'unnn for
''nilwin, f 1.76 a yoar, poutago prepaid,   Sold by
11 noflnleiilora.
Uriuob OCI007&J K Et, War-blUKton, V. 0,
An oxplorntlon trip n littlo out of
common forma tho loading story In
lho Mnrch Isriip of "Rod nnd dun" In
1.  Tnylor,
cd  In  front of tho mnchlno, nnd  Ih ! Md,, Woodstock. Ont.'    In thTii story
wound up upon n smnll hiiulnRo drum j •-,., 1,1,(1,0,. narvoy describe*", n trip
Fernie Opera House
1 •>
* 1,      ■            ,
, <	
A, Pizzocolo,  Mgr.
nttnehod to lho mnchlno, na It moves
Mo Mooho Factory nnd the vory utron-
nlniiK.     Tho lcnpth of tho bIppI ropo ,   ,
bol.11. limited, It. Imb lo bn movod for-'U0UB work ,,c ftn<1 ],1h «»lrto wco"»-
wnnl from tlmo to limp, dnrlni. onch , (f'|,c'' -■•■■'••■(■•: ■•■•■•*••' *'0l*.*'-* ■>>' way of
cnltlnu shift, im tho mnchlno comes' lho Alilllhl Uiver. It Is n story Hint
up to tho prop (0 which tho ropo Ib ! wm ^ollaslil- tho lionrt of nil nopil
nttnehod.     Jt Ih tlio worlc of nn un.
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found  In such  a display of
We have tlie best monoy
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, ' Poultry, Butter,
Egos, Fish. "Imperator Hairm
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Wolners and Sauer Kraut.
Galpry Cattle Co.
Workingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
..Good Board
Ross & Mackay __»
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
& Builders
Open fov-nll kinds of IiunIuohh
in theii* lino
Addroso Box 07 Fornio
Phone 56
flklllod mnn who hood with tlio nine-
hliio, iiHiiully 10 movo tho nil Ik whom
I HportMiion.    A pnpor on tho Ancient
1 mid    Hoi'nrnl.U.      Hrothnniood     nf
I .m l-'uiOKritliii ni Us in tno :iiiiuu 0
{iu;v <!<, U,i   tti'i  iii*wwn*.i.*!;i  ■■■■ipi.i    J*i
(,.)<,-.>•-_ i*..-.   e'ot   «l!!t>iel:ill-»,   Mtin   I'M"-!   '.in-
o\ii i*c(il|.'l.'i romo 0 nrth-tlrn,
Hci'.o rlchli'Hil *i|!**>nil Miiwhl 0 l-'-'in-
I. ir     i.i     ,.    ,.,i  ,.,!.,.■I
fci"ili*i ilw*U*ci''V,l ilal
I'. O. IXnx ">. l'Vnil.*, Il.C
riillH nro omployod nnd to curry for. j Hiioi'lmiioii lioldii up tlio hUI1u.1t iimil-
wnrd Iho lmiiliii-'o ropo, mnldnp n fr"-h I li'lni'llmni for tlio momlw--. of tho
iitiiichinent In front of tho mnchlno j noWo iiroihorlioort nnd ilo-icl'- •-* uomo
nml hi'pIii*. Ihnt  the hinilii.t.0 ..cir '•■.   ,, ,.   ...     ,  , ,    . ,.
.. , . i.i"   t 10 flu' conduct iw-coiciiiiy on tho
worldni?  properly.      In  novpvnl    in*!
r.l>1n I lino.     When tlio writer whh In-1 (ll|(.,0Pi ,)|1|W(.0„ which 1.1H tho ground  Htnnccs tho onrcnuo of tho mnohlno 11"*1''  of  t,,0Hn  who  would   Join   lh»
 •-■--■•■■-  hiiw hocomr. connected to'(hop|n.*ii'k"l, r'x,'",,'l('p  ,'n,,ItH*     Bnow Trnl.'lin    n
wnli-ci llii-oiiph Iho defect, of llm In.' Wlillo-Tall lluclr, lu 11 nom )f 1. wnvy
Kiilntlon of 11 «ihle. or nome other pri-i >m\'\i «loon not dotrnct nt ft'I from
ippni'iuiiH, iiiiiI inc. whoio mm* ■■"* •■■I**''*1-*'* ,0 '■»•*"* *'"" *-•■■•■ ■"---•* '■*>
■■•111 nl hinrr* rnul wll] iv-puro Ml I3*(.
with  nod.Ml uiu, if, (n.'ludln*. the lmiilnw  •••■•■l('1''11  nu'ttl0  lo ovorcom*.«  hin  In-
! ..._.. -itlnct nnd runnlnir.   Itt tho Coninirvn*
Hon of tlio llui'lfs, Mr. .1', A, MoKon~*
Iiiih occurred from 11 1111111*1. buck coin-7)f the hnnhiKe rope, Mlnndlni? upon the  '-In vnluo* n minihor of qiicRtlonn of
,1 1 , Ml., ,       .
mi;   III   rillilill'l   Vlll 11  11  roiuim llll,       111   '►.■mumi, ll.l.. n-il-neil Vt nfllM IV Miiti. li.ift     ■-'-  '-'-'-l'-   •   1'' "*>■ ..--v. ^..   *.*j  ..,....,.
the upper pnrt ut tlio bnck, It will be killed lilm,--Rlilnry   V,   AV'nlkor.   In! M'orimiicn who luduliio In n dny with
1 cnioinboi-Pd.  llio  dillciilo orK.iim  of  .Minok nml Mlncrnln.
ve.itlf-.ntInn: the  workhiR nf ronl-ciitt
Ini-' innelnio.i In llrltlHh rolllnrloB uomo
yenrn bnck bo found thnt the working
■ ii.n-'i t   rf lr,"lruc,,(.li  111  IVc b'MMlMv!'
of  :,  I'onl-riitllni.  ninchliH* -miffli-lonl
10 eimhle hlm  In turn tho power on ' <i(lKnr U{U{,  }u ^ of po'mo 0„u,r pftH ! ,.0pOi havo ,_„„'„ mn,l<v n,|v^
nnd off. to i.nlilo the iiKU'lilne, nr,—-i
produced   fur   belter   work,   cut    fur
1   , , 1 ,1 . t *, t  t 1 i<,
lliey s-tlocul a ruii.sldei'iililo dllli-ionco of
pITHHIiro  exlHleil.  Ill  olhi'l'  eilHi'M   llli'll
while liolillnu 0110 roiidiK'tor with tho
I111111! hnvo uccldtuitnlly mndo contact* 01 tiie
Vvil/i   iiliiuiiur  1 Dliiiu*. iui'   .it   ii   ciiiirdi, i.if_ .. nu.1 1.ii 1 i.u i,kiiii'(l Umi.
iiiihl*. dlfarnuo   of   prcBsuro,
Tl" to-
jii. the body.    Morn llinn one ncci.l'jnt. null hns bn-u that 11 num InWitB hold
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots nnd Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Wm. Eschwlg, Proprietor
New ancl up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
Hnv Mipplli'il  wltli   tlie  bent   Wlni'H,
Lli-iii-u-H nnd CIkim'h
; far  less  Irmibli* than  the  mcrhiinlc
: VlllO v. us lirmiuM to the IlllllhllH. fiom
;H,e mn face,     Tlio int'ilinnlc, who wns
in.iKtoiiird to worklnK on lho Hiirfnrr
tho iliicks,     Thoro nro ninny othor
the rhesl lire cxpom-il, nnd n comluc
tor tourhcH H10 ^klll there n current
VELKY VINAUEZ TICHTO CASOV   | fell Junt a« Httle nt home nt the fnco ' pUHRpH ,hr0„„h t5ll., ,,„„,„ -wtifoli may
ri,fii(i;.'inf nn li.'ililavku m-I.ii. prl.'iii-ln.
nbci n.llld.ky.    NCcvo no'.le, krnRiic*. a
j.'i'1'.blU. liMlJ^'f'VI-'kle,
I-obrKfio tlvIMio lipoma putrobuo
tl.i t Vld! l< I.o Wilibivla. Vre riMo vW-
u-ffrnlii a jicmknskn Hdnrinn blA«lt nn
i\ O. iXOX £»■>. V'-trtiilc, li. XI.
'nt Ihe ronl lis il Inildmnilll Would feel
| "i,nth.iile ihe lift" on o. tni>-:*:ill yard.
Electric Restorer for Men
Phoinlinnol re«twe« eery mix* in Ilie l.niy
1 vim mi-t vit-iliiy. i'rraialure il*.r»|M.r..1 alU-»i:s|
»*")kr,*!-i  a.vn<~l At enr*.    l*ho<|>hn.t*l »•.)
I n.dt:. •<.» iinrvrm-in.   i't'rtt 1\*l--<t >tv,- I .
'.     V'    '»•« > *.^v _   !'*■■.>■     "I l;#ix-t«t .*'.i tli'Jtt
I nll'.lr'- I.     '
r.r ^J.-tf-t .it m*.i*irfc",*» oc"(r **«"'
en-.Ui*  fiMtnn "ilr-!i   «erlr)i|H iblnmiT'* •T'
to dostroy life. •
luood iIiIiikh In tho number, inehi'llm**
j tho derision of .Tud|;o Iloivson on tho
jwelllo.'H rl-Khl lo hlR gnmo, tho ron
OHIO OO ON STRIKE \h,rt.m. of ,],„ xorlh Amrrlrnn Vlsh
j   li   i and (Imuo  I'mtoollvo AsHOclntlou, n
' IMTTsMirt'C, "iirt-li fi>- Mo\,aTltt re-' revlni' of the Sow llruniu-lek frnnm
[rc-heil hue iii-iJny Indicnlc Ihnt tlir- j -r.'iWiii, lho Mnnltoha flume. Lows,
i order of IVe-l-'ent T. Ii. T.«w|«, order- i tho Hunt ruction   of   Wolves, elrotrn,
How  tbft   CenditlOftB  Occur  Under
Which  Shocks  May be  Taken
Thn c-oiiilltlc.il!-; iimbr which shocks, Iniu a sniU* of Vnltrd Mlno Workers j nffonlliiK siifflcicrilly wido rondinu lo
have brc-n rc-rchcl by men worV.lnK . In Dw TiiM..rav.n__ flrbl In Ohio and a ! Ihtcrcit tiny  nml    ovory    Hjiortsmnn
In ri.irwix, n-ciff- St. i*m> *w«>f, Iwith bo-  v^rt ot i><-- !■*■<.••*.nrp *dl*tTlr*l linn lM*n '■ <onrmod   In   tho mnny  tr-imc*-  prob
f"-*-'r.\*i!lj* dtif tt, ', ■'•)! nf trttitlnDnn,   ireneralw  (.•„.* .,j j Innis nlwrd iViroiiBhniif tlio Dominion,
N0TICI3 Ih horoby given Hint NO
Dlsrounts on Klrrtrlc Light will bn
nllnivod iinloss |inyiiir*iit |i rrrrlvnl nt
this offlco on or beforo -t o'clock pin.
on tlio 2fith of onrli month
I'mlor no clrciimslnnroH will Oils
rulo bo dopnrteil from, nml consumers
nro roiuoKtrd to govern thomselvcs no-
Dnlrcl   nt   Frrnlo,   Fobruary   15th,
Wy Clitrk
Owlno to the Mines at Conl
Creek only being partially operated, and thb number of Idle
men very large, all worker*!
are retjueited' to ttay away
from Fernie until further advised. O. REES,
' A
^****»<»»»»»4>-»♦♦♦-■»♦.■»■» THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 24, 1911
* '■        ' hJ ■
Is Danger of
W.P. Tierney Issues Warning—No
Immediate Famine but Strike
Likely says Calgary Pafter
While there is no immediate danger
of a coal famine, W. P. Tierney, the
welllkribwn' local wholesale coal merchant, stated recently that the situation was such that he thought it advisable that the general public should be
warned that a, serious shortage of the
black fuel during the late summer and
fall was quite within the bounds of possibility owing to the inability up to the
present,' of the Crow's Nest operators
and the employees to come to an agreement on the closed sliop * and other
questions at issue.
"I don't wish to cause a scare,"
said Mr,-Tierney, "hut it cannot be
denied that the situation is not altogether satisfactory. This is clearly
indicated by an article which appeared the other day in the Calgary
Herald, which gives an account of the
progress, or lack'of progress, which is
being made by the coal operators, and
the representatives of the unions at
Calgary* where a conference* is being
' held. ' This article is in line with
information that I have received from
other sources, *
"As I'said before, I dont' wish' to
alarm the public but would like to
give a gentle hint tliat iWhey wish
to be absolutely certain of.being supplied* for the rest of the year with
.coal they would do well to make preparations now before'* a * strike really
occurs with the subsequent • shortening of the supply. At the present moment I can obtain«all the Gait coal
that is required—but I wouldn't -.u.ir-
* anlee to do so six or nine months
from , to-day. There is no. definite
news of a strike, but I would not be
surprised to see one."*
! The article Mr. Tierney refers ro
is as follows:
"With the reopening of negotiations
between the coal miners and the.operators which is scheduled for Monday
next in this eity, -conjecture is now
busy as to what the ultimate result
employers and labor. .
. "According to inside information re-
. ceived by the Herald, a strike is almost inevitable. It may not come at
once, but eventually it will come ancl
"a great struggle is looked for.'IiTaiitlci-
patiou. of*trouble the railroads have
been busy exerting their best energies
toward piling up a big visible'supply
of coal ■and it is said that the Canadian railroads that depend upon Al-
■berta and thc Crow's Nest Pass for
their,.fuel have on hand a six months'
Closed Shop, Question
"The split is expected to come on
the   closed   shop   question,      Miners
domnnd a closed shop, operators will
not accede,     It is snld that the .op-
. erators nre in favor of leaving the
• matter to a board of arbitration for
settlement, but tho nilnors have not
given any Indication of being at all
likely to agree to this method. Tho
present agreement with the minors
oxplros on March 31, and if lt ls not
renewed to the satisfaction of both
parties Interested, lt will mean a
striko on April 1.
"Thoro is an opinion expressed that
the minors do not renlly wnnt to como
to tiny binding ngroemont for 18
months yet. Tho ngroemont of tho
nilno workers of Montana nncl of
llrltlsh Columbln nro snld to expire
, then, nnd It is going to Iry and put
off nny rotilly dofinlto action until
Uioho ngroemenlfl hnvo run out, Thon
they rnn unlta with Iho unions of
Montnnn nncl llrltlsh Columbln In making tliolr iloinniidfl with gi'cntcr hope.,
of huccosb,
May Postpone Neflotlntlona
If they follow thin ciiiiipulim It Is
thought Hint thoy will ngroo to tho
toinpornry postponing of tho decision
' of tho prone-Jit. negotiations, oxli-ndlng
tho time of existing iigrcomontB from
time to.,time until the proper time
comes when they will join forces with
the other mine unions. - Then, if this
comes to pass, the biggest strike tliat
has been witnessed in the west will
commence, it is feared, and ,coal mining' from the Pacific through .-the
plains east bf the Rockies will come
to a standstill ,for an indefinite period.
"The negotiations now' about to be
resumed affect the mines" of Canmore,
Bankhead, Lethbridge and up* the
Crow's Nest Pass. There are a few independent operators at Taber and ih
the north, but what their stand -will
be is not known. It was thought when
deliberations with the operators' asso-
the conference broke up here-a few
days ago that the miners wanted to
take up negotiations with the independent operators before they resumed the
ciation, but whether this has been done
Is not known."—Nelson- News
(Ed.—There has boen no suggestion
made by either parties to the controversy that the closed shopqusstlon
or any of the other proposals bo submitted to arbitration. The fact tliat
the C. P. R. 'can s-.tor.-_ coal for six
months ought to convince others of
tSa advisrbility of following their example ine4.ead bf waiting until winter,
approai_hes, and then expect o-ders
to be filled forthwith. The excuse
of the coal dealers has bee.i that it
slacks too much, but the depreciation is slight compared to the discomforts incurred. /And then to overcome
thc difficulty caused by lack of forethought some wiseacre comes forward
and advocates a suspension of the 8
hour law.      ** .  , ,
Some expressions' of opinion have
no sound basis,, but are figments,of
imagination. The Miners' representa-'
tives are anxious to reach an agreement despite opinions to the contrary
mentioned  in the above' article.
Much to be Done in Preserving Them
For  Future' Use
Extracts are 'given-1 from, many
works dealing with exploration in
Canada to show how widespread and
disastrous - have been the'.-fires'' in
former years—even before exploration
was attempted, in many cases.   .
Treating the subject more generally in the first part of .the bulletin,
Mr. MacMillan arrives at the conclusion that seven times as much timber
has been destroyed by fire ih Canada
as has ever been cut by lumbermen.
This view is sustained by many, lumbermen, some of whose' estimates exceed* even this.
•The treatment of land cut or lumbered, over and destined, to remain
permanently in forest, is one of the
big problems of forestry on.this continent. This , is. also discussed,'and
plans are outlined for the cutting of
the timber so as to reduce' as much as
possible; the danger from fire. Of .iii
kinds bf land, cut-over timberland,
with chips, tree-tops and.other debris
scattered- around, presents the great
est danger from fire—a fact that is
emphasized by many fires which occurred even during the past summer
In British Columbia and Western Ontario.     * • . *      "
Any who care to look further Into
this subject may'obtain, copies of the
bulletin' mentioned above, free of
charge,'on application to R. H. Gamp-
bell, Superintendent of . Forestry,
The Forestry Branch bf the Department of the Interior is attempting by
the issue of short articles, from time
to time, to keep the public informed
as to its work and generally as to the
progress and needs of forestry in the
Do million.
0f7all the civilized natioris_Jji_itJia
northern hemisphere. Canada* is doing
the least to treat the public timber
lands as a permanent asset. * ■
Tbis, is the conclusion reached by
Mr. IT.-< "R. MacMillan, one of tbe
Assistant Inspectors of Dopiinion
Forest reserves, after a study of "the
present status of forestry in Canada,
particularly'In regard to the forest
fire problem. This study ls published
by the -Forestry, Branch of the Department of tho Interior as their
Bulletin No. 9 ("Forest Fires In
During 1909 the loss through forest
fires throughout Canada amounted to
$210,400, and 1909 was by no means a
bad yenr for fires, Tho expense of
flro fighting and flro protection
amounted to $330,000.   ■
Thero can be littlo doubt that, this
total of flro loss Is much too small.
In tho first place' tho valuo of tho
timber destroyod Is arbltnrlly placed
at $1. por thousand feot, board measure, * whilo tho actual  valuo of tho
.If there is an "identity of interests"
between the employer ami employe
then will some sage or philosopher
explain1 why'it* is that there is continual warfare between exploiter nnd
If there is an "identity of interest"
between master and slave thou ex-*
plain why it is that the slaves frequently rise in. rebellion and strike
against, the owners of jobs?
If the' "interests" of employer and
employe are identical, then why does
the employer declare tbe lockout, lo
starve the employe into submission? , -
If their interests are mutual, why
does the employer in case of strikes
appeal to the police force, the sheriff's
office, the state militia and the federal
troops, * to secure the necessary assistance to suppress' the class that
strike?     *    -    '•>        '"■   ,       . ''
Why does the employer, during a
conflict invade-the courts for injunctions and glory in'bull-pens nnd depor-
tation.   as_a_means tn_sub duc-ctlia.
urn a
Translated from tlie German by Perin
We stand' in the midst of the crashing tumult of a * stupendous worldwide movement. ',, Industrial' organizations are ' towering like giants.
Masses of men are pulled roughly
this way and that way Capital has
completely altered tho face of the
earth In. society the-battle " of" the
classes. - surges to and fro, ever
more severe, always undecided, and
resumed with yet mightier force. New
thoughts flash upon men, new ideas
are passionately propagated, shattering the old traditions What does, it
all signify? It is the birth of humanity. --
Until these times* humanity had no
existence.- There were individual
men and smaller or larger, groups of
men who were amicably oi" Imniicably
disposed towards one another; but a
humanity as a coherent unity, as a
whole, there has never been. Now
only is it about to be born; men aro
now "gradually drawing together toward a community of production,
toward a conscious organization. Now
there is a growing within their minds
the idea of friendship, of firm solidarity of brotherhood which binds
the separate members into one uniform
organization governed by a common
will; .thus humanity is , transformed
from an abstract idea into a living
reality. -*..
It, must be conceded that brotherhood as a compelling force among
men is not new. At stood „ at the
cradle of mankind, it ruled unrestrained during the* primitive communism of the ,savage and barbarous races. Then it.held men together with* firm tribal bonds and subordinated the individual to the community. And by reason of it there
shines,,, forth from the primitive societies of these uncultured men a mild
and .splendid light. When those old
forms of society were dissolved and
done'away with, so wonderful appeared ,to men the lost brotherhood
that in their legends they called those
times the' golden age, gono never to
return. Even the modern investigators who devote their attention to the
life of those barbaric peoples were
just as strongly. affected by the
glamour of their communistic' virtues,
in spite of their rough- cruelty and
ignorant barbarism, and praised just
as ' highly * those conditions under
which* every individual walked, with
ihe .dignity of a king, and nevertheless cheerfully sacrificed himself- for*
the community ,of ''which he was an.
belligerent spirit of the class whose
"interests" are'identical with a master
class?      *        . .    -'
If the interests of employer and employe are identical, they why are tliere
3,000,000 of. men. and women standing
beneath the folds of, labors' flag In
this country, and why are these men
and women assessed • for per capita
tax and assessments, to maintain an
organization that must be unnecessary
if the Interests o femployer and employe are "identical"? **
If the member of organized labor
believes that his Interests aro Identical with tho Interests of an employer,
then why does he carry a card In a
labor organization?
If tho manufacturer, mine operator,
railroad magnate and .mployer of
overy character have faith In tho exploded fallacy, thnt there Is an Identity of Interest between tho wage-
earner and the owner of tho Job,
then why do we find manufacturers'
associations, mine operators' assocla-
trees as they stand In tho forest would ■ tions and employers' associations ro-
nvorngo much hlghor than this. No sorting to ovory scheme nnd consplrncy
nccount Is takon of tho damage done wo find continual wnrfnro on tho Into young growth, which, wlillo ,not to losson tho wnges of labor nncl In-
actually snlonblo, will In tho course crenso tho profits of tho class that
vnluo. "An enormous amount of
cord wood," to quote tho words of tlio
writer, "destroyed, In dlHti'Icts whoro
it now has a value, and ln other districts whero It will soon bo noodod,
litis nollhor boon estimated nor
vnlnod." Mnny firos,hnvo umloubtoil-
ly, occurrod In tllstrlctn romoto from
proRont HolilPinoiil, nnd hnvo des*
troyi'd lnrgo initiiilltles of limber
which ulllinntely would comninnd a
roudy mnrkot.
Sixty Years tho Standard
A Bt'utiiuhi* iiutiettfi, Cream o£ Tartar
Making Powder. Made from Grapes.
Makes better, more healthful food.
Sold without docoptlotta
owns tho Industries of a nation?
If tho Intorosts of both nro Identical, then why do wo not find omployer and employe bonded togothor In
ono organization .both striving to promote tho Interests of each othor?
■ It Is simply boonuso tho Interests
of employer nnd otnployo nro dlnmot-
rlcnlly opposed lo ench othor, tlmt
wo find coptlnunl wnrofnro on the In-
rlti_itr.nl field, nnd Iho wnrofnro will
nover ond, unlil tho onrth nnd nil tho
niachlnoH of production nnd dlstrl-
lnitlon shnll bocomo tho collective
proporty of nil mankind, lo bo iiroi] for
tlio benefit of nil humanity, In oilier
words, thoro shall bo no pence until
tho workors of tho world shall bull.l
on llio ruins of thn prosont system
nn IndiiHtrlnl democracy.*-*-Tlio Mlnvv.-i'
insignificant,member'. -.-
But ■ this brotherhood of primitive
times had to pass away. It was, although unknown to the men pf those
times, a heritage from the animal
world; it had grown with man just
like his limbs, A's a natural instinct'
it endured only because of. the absence of its' opposite, Individuality;
It rested upon the natural equality
and community of the' conditions of
life, tendencies, inclinations and ■ passions. The cohesion, therefore," was
close only because forces wero lacking which could drivo the parts
asunder As Boon as these forces
came into existence the primitive
human communities fell apart as does
a stone decomposed within Brotherhood remained only as a memory, a
longing, an Inherited Instinct deep In
tho hearts of men continually stabbed
• and wounded In that terrible war df
all ngalnst all, whose offspring was
It was necessary that tho old community should go, ln ordor, that those
powers which slumberocl In man might
bo dovoloped and bocomo * active
Thoso powers and capabilities, differ-
out In dlfforont Individuals drovo men
asunder ori now paths whoro through
tho diversity of activity thoy advanced
their Individual diversity to tho highest degree Tho production of commodities, or goods for salo, separated
railing.* and classes, sot ngninst each
other oxploltor nnd exploited, but
from tho exploited ninssos now lny.
cient spiritual and intellectual
weapons. The men of labor must
first comprehend the collective character of their labor, and theii unite
their many wills' in a single powerful
common will, in order that consciously they may regulate labor in accordance with.,the necessity of society, as
a whole. Then only will the organization of ilie world attain to actual
unity. Then that monster, society
acquires a head, an intelligence of its
own, and a will of its own which directs its movements.-
.Then once" more , will the ancient
brotherhood and solidarity, regain its
power'among, men" It is not necessary.low for men to develop their individual powers. in combat and in
strife with others, on the contrary,
(hey must learn to subordinate their
personal wills {o that of tho community The common weal must become the greatest living force in each
and as something which must be
served by* all the capabilities of each
individual. Wo see that arising now
in the proletriat. The bitter war
which they have to wage for supremacy in society is a schooling for
them in which they learn solidarity,
discipline, community and brotherhood. In the class war of the
proletariat the old communistic virtue revives, the virtue needed In the
new society.
But it is no longer the. same as.
before It is no longer* as evolved
natural instinct, but ns an acquired vir
tue| acquired in the hard struggle
against egotism.Tt is no longer unconscious, bin a conscious subordination
of the individual loathe community. It
is no mere return to the primitive, ages,
it does not rest upon the suppression
and restraint of personality, but upon
its retention. The new brotherhood
is thus differentiated from the old in
that it is a brotherhood of independent men, who are conscious of their
personality 'and develop it. according
to the limits, of their capabilities, in
order to place it at the service of the
higher purpose. "What.,was won in
the Centuries lying behind us cannot
be lost, but what,was lost during those
centuries wo will regain in better
form. Socialism docsjiiot consist in
the suppression of individualism; the
new .humanity will be the union of
individuality and organization, of independence and brotherhood, of self-
conscious personality and the sentiment of community guiding and governing it. in tho lusher unity of So-
__ia]i —Common-lahor-in .ho-servlce-
of all bind men together and calls
forth their social'instinct to the highest degree. And at, the same time it
creates a thousand different fields of
activity, for d,ivers capabilities, in
which each' individual personality
finds and opportunity for development."
It makes the personality , infinitely
richer,through the power which flows
to it from.the community, above nil,
it enriches It in that it,places it ln
the service 'of a lofty purposo of humanity, whilo before It recognized,
merely its own selfish aims.
To be sure, wo may not live to see
tlie new world. Ours is the task of
preparing lho way and fighting for
the Socialist society, not to llvo In
it and to rojolco ln it. Ours is not'
the fulfilment but tho strife But wo
will llvo to seo tho now brotherhood;
yes, we aro seeing lt now. Not tho
brotherhood of labor, tho Socilalst
form,of production, but tho brotherhood of bnttlo, tho Soclnllfit clnss
struggle. Tho humnnlly now,being
born,. which understands tho laws
operating' through lt and form a unified mass-will, ls already realized In
tho fighting class conscious proletariat
At first, it cnn only bocomo nctlvo" In
tho struggle, bocauso tho nbolltlon of
tho cnpltnllst regime must bo tho first
act In tho conscious organization of
labor And horo, In the conduct of
tho prolotnrlnn wnr, wo lmvo ovidoneo
boforo our eyes Hint dlsclpllnn nnd
tho , siibordliintlon* of tho Indlvldunl
nro  In  no  wny  prejudiced   to  por-
You •Want;,
Three   20-a.cre   Tracts,   of $.
which four acres ,ori each
are   improved,    on'    Lake
Front, and   located -whore,
tliere is ; good   settlement..
Price per block §1500 and:
at terms to suit purchasers.   |
This is a chance foi- anyone  f
intending to make a home
. for himself at- once.
•50 blocks well watered, excellent soil, free, from rock
and easily '.cleared.—Three
miles fro j n station. ■-'.".
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300 f
^ - , each,, easily cleared, Burton  £
, City, well located and water. J
JL-Po    \_y<
Head Oifice Toronto, 8 King* St. W.
Brandies and connections throughout
Canada..   ;    '"< - t
British and Foreign Correspondents in all
the important cities of the world
Notes discounted and general banking
business transacted
Full Compound Interest paid on Savings Accounts
of One Dollar or'more
JOHN ADAIR, Manager- Pernio
era over mountod upward which fllnn-j- aoniilhy.      In  tlio  caso  of  llm  iiro
Knto S. Gates, nH published In Unity,
A pcnsnnt, It In nnld, wnn onoo on
litu way lo town willi n flno flock of
of gcoso ho had boon fattening for mar-
An no plodded slowly (Hon-, prodding
llOU'  dim   i.OIt'   iiiiuLi.tt    uiCi'l   .1.0   i'l)111.
rod to _cc.ii Dwm In tho road, lio wnn
busily engaged with plonennt anticipations; IiIh flock wnn suro to fetch
n good prlco.
Blod for olhow room nnd activity., In
dlvldunl production, villi tho prlvnto
properly In lnnd nnd tools, mndo of
ovory  ninn   a  nolf-coiiBclotiH  person**
lotnrlnt tho vory ro vorso holds I rue,
thnt Socialism niul Indlvldiinlliiin develop nldo liy sldo rind In communion;
only hy entering Into tlio movement,
only  hy  etilli_lng  I'n   tlio  organized
Bank of Hamilton
Capital Paid Up $2,750,000
Reserve and Undivided Profit* .    $3,250,000
Total Assets
Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
"Alnra In food mast tbet-etore net aa a poison."
'-Prof. Jehun, Yale Vnhmliy.
Road tho labela
Day no baking powdor unlooo
tho labol ahowo It to bo mado
from Croam ot Tartar a
Employers In Auitr-illa Art Conioll*
dating Their Forces
MBLIlOtlUNIS, March IS.—Tho crn-
ployers nro forming i*. fund of C20n.nno
Htcrllni; to protect thcniAOlvcH ngninRt
RtrlhOB nnd to support Dw Vroo l.nhnr
Asaorlntlori. This, .nctlon nlmilticn
thnt tlio employers nro connolldntluK
thoir forces to fight tho ar,.reunion of
tho trade unions, Tho position Is ono
full of menu-**--**- for the Industrial outlook of Auttrnllo.
Ilut this Indlvlduiillmn rnnohort Hh inrin of tho cln'*'i nlni'a.lo Is tho nplrlt
hltfhoiit development, not. In llio HtwlMnwiikoncd, nnd with tho ropniailllon
hornly eoiiHorvnllvo pennnntry, In!of tlio IiIrIi purposo which II hnH to
which tho Individuals it ro nflor nil 'iih !■ Korvo tho pi*rnnniillty liloonm forth llko
ulinllnr nx penn, hut In tho nioduni i a honiillful plnnl,
hourRoolnlo. ITc-m neciipnllons nnd I Wo hco nround uh lhe hlrth of hu*
floldH of Inlior nro dlvenilflod n thnu* J infinity, In tho development of the
nnndfold, Infinitely variform nro tho' wont IndiiRtrleH, -...(antic foreon of
condllloiiH of lifo Into which innnkliid I pnidticllnn nnd world-economy, wo
i« cnBt, nnd hero moro thnn ovor j hoo evolvlnR lt« mntorlnl body; In lho
rniiBt. It, IhroiiRli lho Indlvldunl com-j .science of noddy and la tho coin-
pot It Ion of nil nRnlriHt nil, forco Its munlfillc -solidarity of tho ImttllnR nud
specinl nptltndo to tho hi}*host, do* | oi*kuiiI?.Iiik proletariat, In Un couhcIouh-
Rreo. Community han dlsnpponrad, at j iiohh nnd Its doslrcs, wo iieo the upltlt
loiut It hna heroine luvlalblo, Kncli j nwnkenlng which will Rovorn and
oii(V Ib for himself, nnd tho phlloR-li/nldo ihlq liodv, thn xnlrti ' or x„t.
opiicrs mnko Individuality, tho oro, | inanity In tho proroRH of hocnnilnp..
Ci'kj -outro of all philosophic*-), j	
Ilut  rlfiht  hero, from  (his Jnlensl-j        NORMAN   ANGELL'S   BOOK
flratlon   of  perronatlty,   commences, •*■■	
lho rovolutloii.     Capltallum develops
Iho tcehnlcnl forces fnr hoyond tho
JiOnMh Cll IllO lllllll lOUIll, It uiniH liihor
over moro Into a collective   process
Given  Unusual  Compliment  In
A. very uncommon compliment to ho
nnd builds Into a coherent wholo tho'paid nn American polltl'.v.l writer was
liidiifitry of tho world. Tho world j that which Mr. .Inures pnld to Normnii
becomes orgAnlzcd. Humanity Is'ai'kcII tho other day. unyi the IMrlw
ilrnwn tORnthor In n productive com-jcnm-ipf-ndciil of the S'*)v York Allien-
miinlsm,  It nft-rliii  fo unity for the ct,,
flrHt time In lilutory. Hut ns yet It Uj lhirltu? a dlnciimilon of tho present
Irnor.ini' of tlw fnot. Tho prceni. I.u..**..*.u* ..luiiiiloii, lu Un* Kie-.-riti
unity l« merely maleilnJ, society in a>hnml-f*r of dcputM, Mr. Jnurew -piot-
Rlunntle monster, without rt head, t-d ut ImikMi frotrt "The fln-ifit lliu. 'mi.'"
without fonsc-IoiiHiie.'j-.. Un o]omonln, ,\ni'"ir« book, which he nnld had '!■■(:■!
men. nre Mill eontendlnR with one nn* moi"  for  Dw oamo of  the  •.■..nM".*
Al. .InuroH cnllod
French ehamhor to the effect,
i lie hook was prodiicliiR In KiiRlnnil.|
What Btriiek hlm particularly, ai. j..i|.I
r«H wild, wiih that Dw IIichIh of the;
book HceiiK-d to be accepted by con-*
HorvntlvoH as well mi radlcalH,     Iloj
lidded Ihnl while lit Kii!.;liind he made a j
point of 'iiH'HtloiiitiR mnny 'rniifiervsitlve'
leadeiH on the Hiibject, mid they one;
and all declared the facta expreaned i
In  tho book  wen- ■ Indeed   the  truth. |
Tho book has been traiislated Intel
every Kuropi-nn lun..nft,.e, aH well as j "■ won-iurrm  -._
•.in-,**.,.**,-,   m   t..„..,.. .i.,!,,... . ....i  ...     i,1,,(1(i   (1)   Ul.  „,„..,„„„.   .mu^u  „,
t*nOVC»i<rn(    r,f ' ^li'Vt   niul  dlnr-iim-l   I.Mr  n.i<l   MrM.-*
i. ia ,i ii.t,..)'> culm, ii.,iUuIi tiii.l you
will imtli'i. ii |.i'in.|,| Imi.ri.vi'im nl In
t!,_ r_ «-lififcf nt llu) nut'i rim) thu li'Ul-
<if  sh..  Iiwir.
lllirtiilcnii)   liioxi-ns   ntul   rt'iriov.'*   nil
.KtiU,   .in,I  ii.iitlv.) <l<'|ii'i-ii on (tit. mu lilt  mny   bo  remembered   that   Sir   -*Mlmuiiit*» tin* hulr i.uUim iuul kIvp*
I'Mward   S.   r.rnv   refer-M    -,i    -, "1"w   llf"  '"''  vl*"r  "» *'"'. !'"'r  ««"'!'*
[ • *■ ,»  11 •>   .•*■        .i.>.'ril<   III tn l x X-   fl       I -11 ( (   H       l I J      ln'l
len_jtli to this i-fiimi-l-iit-Ie hook in n J *■•"."; '-("I >*''**ii" *)»*it what u hi,* y. _i
* ro'iliLil of  l.y  yn-ii-  ni'Kli-r-l  ,.nl   (ilnuc.
It   ik   llu,.i  tu  -Hurt   riu-lil.     I'm*  lllr-
llit'iiii'. i
Il iri one ',,' tin* Nvitl rt'it.filli-ti ..rut
no litt;l..<r n ei.imrn»-**ti!!i|ji..i i-mi lm Kl.'-
vn ll. They nro nil Knu.l, A**k ymir
K.iil   I-*nn._.li(!.     llu   r.*i'ii;iiiii-*inl«   lc,
io attention of .l,c,Tho g^ ^^ ^ mQy
Look Wise
But If Ho Had Been Ho Would Havo
Hair Now
Vou do not wnnt ii nuloiitini! trenflfio
on (hn li.iir fMiiifli!—you ur.i n<.i j._.r-
liculiiily 1:.t«irtut«*il lu tlio iiuiiiu uf
tli.) *;>*niiiii, hi'U-ntliit xvhi> Uulutiit llm
IhU,- 11.at l,i null) lo U..U1U) l.itiilui'iiii,
W'liiit )*<iJ >ln want to know l« ln,,\v to
Hnvo iliu Jut It* you tiftvu und iimku It
nil..IIK   *lli,I   I'lMruU*),
Nyiil'n llli'Hiituiiti will ilu ll huller
tluni  iiiiytlil'iu  clm*.
II   l.'i   Hot   i. hilni.-'l   tll-it   lllr*illoiu;   in
kctenll.lt.   Huerot—*l)Ut   It
n"milt   iif   rill   tdnt   l«t
Hlcnlflcnnoe nf much n
opinion In Kuropp penenilly. could'
hardly bo cRtlmntcd In their pn.-'cut I
condition of the world'H polllfcH.       !
speech mnde In London, nud that Just.
previously  Count.  Wolffo  Ali.tternleh j
pointed nut the bcailni; ivhji li tho far In :
Hinted therein tmint have on the prob-
leniH  of  modern  etutt-crnft.
other av.d MrlvInK In vsln lo mannuc' peac *
(innd in eoncjuer lho monntiir with nn-'atvl
ib.i.i id) Dio peace e<>iif« i.:
•*_■*. .< '*ni|i*iv,'uuuu*.i ui i.i._U,.,
Ai-plicntloti* will be received by tho '
undersigned for the position  of Kn* •
_.-In»T; nitiv.t June *-icc-*..i<l c!;i9*< IX, (',
certificate;  htato sahiry nnd  experl-
ence,   Dutlen to icuuineiieci April lat. i
S. W. HAUCLAV,      i
t'iiy <lerk.
I'or  S.-ile  nod  tinnrnntrotl
Oae for each «veryd4y aHmenl mmammmm
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year' in advance. , An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District, Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds' of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention..
Address all communications to The District Ledger:
.     .      ,      J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Poetoffice Box Ko. 380
'T^IIE constantly increasing skepticism in the
•* reliability of the press as a purveyor of accurate news will receive an additional impetus by the
luridly mendacious report for whose", ffublication
the Calgary News-Telegram is answerable,
The fertile brain that hatched .this diabolical
travesty upon truthfulness may have been,-indulging in hasheesh, absinthe or the. forbidden fruit
of the poppy, hence ran amok intellectually.* Nev.r-
■ theless, even though it be so or hot, this nowise
relieves the publishers of the grapevine yarn from
sharing in the responsibility attached to so iniquitous a slander upon the coal miners of the Crow's
Nest Pass. ■'
■ ,, It is clearly the bounden duty of the aforementioned journal conformably to the dictates of>com-
mon decency'as-well as for its own reputation not
only to repudiate the article, in question,, but also
to disclose the- identity of the miscreant who per*
.petrated the infamy.
• Heretofore we have regarded this daily of Al*
■ berta's metropolis as a strict' adherent to the ethics
of newspaperdom, entirely free from the jaundice
hue with which so many"contemporaries in the Republic to the south of,us is tainted. In order to retain its reputation for veracity it is most assuredly
.imperative that {.he widest publicity be given to a
correction of this michievous fairy story, Fortunately the miners' officials, ever alert to the" in-
tercists of the men whom they represent, lost' no
time in wiring for particulars to'"the Minister of
Labor, and the ready and comprehensive response
of that gentleman categorically pricking the bubble
of infamy is highly 'commendable. .• .    .
" A"ittTmTgirai5orte^7--*i»*^'^ho"nious attack may not"
be entirely frustrated' in its purpose—viz., *   the
"alienation of public sympathy should an'agreement
with the operators not be effected and a strike take
place after March 31st.
TTegardless of repetition, to use Western vernacular, "it is up 'to, the Calgary News-Telegram," to
make every possible effort to correct the erroneous
impressions that may have been created by the
spreading broadcast of a whole cloth fictions
screed. *
To vilify .an,, individual is reprehensible, but to
cast odium upon over 6,000 exemplary citizens is
a crime so despicable tlmt for a comparison we* fear
our inability to discover it even at the lowest'ex-,
tromity of tho nether regions.
WAR is Hell!     Wnr is necessary!
"Thou shalt not kill I"
To kill is murder, and we nro told*tlmt a murder-;
er cannot cnler tho Kingdom of ITcnvon.
Whnt a mental chaos results from these divergent
idens! How to reconcile them puzzles nnd completely bewilders; the bewilderment becomes dumbfounding when we lmvo tlio pnrndoxicnl situation
confronting us of tho so-called disciples of the
Prince of Peace attached to contonding nnnies, beseeching the Lord of Hosts to give victory to thoir
sido. Wc boast of our enlightenment, but the
gift, ol! even n small modicum nf the sense, of humor
might to mnko us hold wiih Puck "What fools
tlipsn morlnls be,"
War is Hell, y-*|, war is necessary; but wherefor?
In on I pr t lint foreign markets can ho opened. Do-
light fill operation in which bayonets, bullets and
oilier death diHpcnsers are the instruments of surgery. Why must foreign markets ho found? Be*
cnune the. producers of the coimnodities lmvo been
fed, clothed and educated to the point, of untidy*.
No! Tliey who hnvo woven woolens nre shivering
with cold in rugs nnd tntters! Tliey wlio have
liuilded houses nro homeless and penniless! Tlie
irony of it!
Tn-diiy Kuro|ii_ si aggers beneath a load of nrnin-
nient nnd i.s fust approaching tbo singe of tlie
Knight, of (lie Middle Ages, who, clad
in nniior to protect himself, fell into
n   Ntrcmn imd   thnt   wliieh     wns    to     protect
tillii, lu-ciiiiM- u( K>>, wt'lgni iti-eiiiin* Jin. undoing, JUKI
in. (ii-itwuiMi. .So ihul which in *.U|>|ii>M'iiiy loi*
protection will ero long result ill Europe's undoing
ns the burden grows heavier year by year and somo
scheme of intermitioitnl    police,  regulations   mny
in- lil*tm__lil iliiii lii) ti mil null, Win  Vlll'*.  '.Vii£'4*>-Vi ilOi i"t
tli. removal of the root cause will be in.*t with the
objection that lhe time is not ripe for such rndienl
change, ii nd it will never be until those whose destiny—-tlieworking dass of nil nations unite and
defcrnmx* Mint thoy lmve Miffi-re.. hi.in* p.i.iu.'.i mul
Unit those who derive I lie benefits from wholesale
murder html, enter the strife, but tlmt tliey, tlie
workers, slinll .lleeide to do tlieir share to writer
"Knits" to I'fcll. and obey the <-<-uiii-.--u.ri_
"TIiou fthnlt not kill."
Force-of Circumstance's Dictates .Changes:
*■• i  -,'    •
S. OME twenty years ago a Norwegian scientist.
7 in forestry paid a visit to.the United^States,
and having visited the State of -Michigan;' where
he noted the wasteful method, that had obtained
in the lumber industry, which, to him, with his
trained knowledge, of the subject and the infinites-
mal loss permitted struck him as being criminal in
the extreme. He' journeyed to the State of Minnesota to visit some friends from the old land, and
with his experience fresh in memory of the ruinous
customs practised,in the Wolverine State,* he felt
impelled to sound a note of warning that might be
of value to those engaged in the lumber industry
to avoid the mistakes of the eastern state.
- The* press treated the suggestions with disdain,
heaped upon the officious foreigner all kinds of
derision, caricatured the"" calamity howler from
Europe," and later these same molders of public
opinion practically re-echoed" the sentiments of the
gentleman from Norway as they, penned-learned
article:.about conservation of natural resources.
Merely another instance of the forcefulness of the
old saw, "We never miss the water until the well
runs dry." It is not the intention ih this article
to sound any notes of warning, .as we realize that
circumstances-alone dictate changes'in policy, and
to effect this there are obstacles to be overcome
which-'at. present may not be sufficiently important or worthy ,of more than passing'consideration,
for the simple reason that to entertain them would
create opposition froni those strong supporters' qf
the" practical "now" than the prospective future,'
viz., the dividend receivers." ■ °
There is a demand from those who dig coal for
a livelihood, for ah increased wage which does not
meet with the approval of the representatives of
vested rights, because to concede same' they fear
spells decrease of dividends.
" While resisting this attack on the fendon of Achilles, of the coal corporations PROFIT, to the man
on the street the daily' loss of a source of revenue
by allowing the waste to continue, wherever there
are coke ovens installed, is a puzzle. They fight,
tenaciously against paying more wages due to the.
effect'upon.dividends, while apparently oblivious
to a greater loss .by failing to obtain the maximum
of benefits from the commodity—coal—-by .utilization of by-products as a dividend maker. This is a
very natural assumption to one who looks at the
subject from the viewpoint of a business man, but
in so doing it is a mistake, natural though it may
be.** He (the business man) argues'to himself thus-
wise:  ■ "If by .the expenditure of a certain-sum
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President
7   ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager
"not only" can I recoup the~initial expenditure, "but"
also make. a.constantly, increasing .vprofit after
say three or four year's, without a monetary return,
it is foolish not to put the scheme in. operation."
This hypothetical ease commends itself to the business man while to the guardian of.dividends it,
does hot'iippeal'to at all, because its adoption necessitates a" state of affairs that is absolutely out of
question—i.e., tho possibility of non declaration of
dividends with all the evils that follow in its train
of disastrous effect upon the market quotations of
thc,stock,.which, though a "bear" movement has
its uses, is not n normal status.
With the increasing use of oil as fuel, the energy
obtained from wnter dnily becoming factors of opposition to conl as n producer of power, force of
circumstances will compel the extraction of by-products to the end that loss"of energy be reduced
to a non-npprccinblc quantity, but for the time being the wasteful methods of existing processes will
continue. To dismantle* the bce-hivc ovens and
instal by-product ovens menus two heavy charges
on tho debit side of tho ledger, with no compensating credit obtainable on the opposite side for some
indefinite period, and this would be anathema to
those whoso interest begins and ends in the coal and
overy othor industry with dividend.
Higher wages mny be nsked, but they must be
frowned down upon. Better methods might be
ndopted, but if they eritnil nn expenditure that can
bo postponed then, of course, they must bo if dividends suffer, and only considered when longer de-
lay is inimical.
THK fnsl disappearing snow with its disclosure
of unhygienic conditions existing in the necu-
mulnlion of garbage and,filth that has boon hidden
for sovornl months, nlrondy is engnging tho attention of the eity authorities, and should hnvo the co-
opernlion of every citizen so that steps be tnkon
forthwith looking to the prevention of an out break
of fever. Clean up, not tho main streets alone, but
the alleys nnd hywnys. Tho outlying districts
nre just ns likely to breed disenso ns thoso near the
contre of activity, and therefore should not ho overlooked. As quickly as practicable, wherever it can
be done, Id, the fire, department flush the Hewers.
A plentiful supply of discnfocliuit at n minimum of
oner oon he ■nurehnm'-d nml thrown nronnd.
CAPITAL; - $i0.0C0.000
REST, - $7,000,000
of The Canadian Bank of Commerce will receive deposits of $i and
upwards, on which interest is allowed at.current rates. There is no
delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion,of the deposit. Small
depotits are welcomed.     *.■,*- □   " 234
."' Account* may be opened in the names of two or more persons, to be
operated by any one of the number or by the survivor. A joint ac-ctnint
of this ltiad saves sxpease in establishing* the ownership of the money
after death, and is especially useful when a maa desires to provide for
kas wife, sir for ethers depending- upon htm, io the eveat of his death. ,
I        Airtighte,  CoaS  Burners, Coal |
§ or Wood Burners, and |
I Wood Burners      - I
Ranges and Cook Stoves I
J. M.  AQNEW & CO., ELKO |
THERE nro n number of wells from which people
nr-** nhlninint? drinkm. wnter * lint lmvo boon
condemned hy the City Health Officer as unfit for
humnn consumption, nnd yot there nre individuals
who will persist in .tho dnnporous prod ice nnd incur the risk of contrmduiK typhoid nr other fevers.
To boil water taken from wells will always cle«.*
j troy iho (.eras, hut there arc many that do not
'tnlci** the trnuhl.- to .In this; moreover, boiled water
haw Midi an insipid ins.ic wc belie;e .__-• best advice
to those wim li.-uv been pHlituf vnpply from ivdls
is thnt whieh I.inch **a\'o yc-ars *.-_-•_ lo young men
nbnut to act narried—"Don't!"
Chimney   Blocks
Get Our .Prices
W.     , M.     DICKEN.
How'About that  Drain?
... c > our feet, hot,
sore and blistered?
if so, try Zam Buk.
As soon as il.
Zam-Buk is applied mi
it cools and soothes .§§
injured smarting §.lg
skin and tissue.
its rich,.refined
, «::£;___.___,
-•'-:..    ' __ __» _»_t_ r* 1 ____.___j__«_.....'._**'-_. ,..-
nv.jj «-«»:_■ UH— cobcflCc*.—-■*_;..
■$|. penetrate the skin;   pi
;$H*_, its antiseptic pro- t. M
r parties prevent all |_|lii
danger of festering ^
$r\ or  inflammation
$   from cuts or sores;
and its   healing   '•es'ser.c s
biiVd up new healthy tissue.
.For stings, sunburn, cuts,
burns, bruises, etc.—just as
Mothers find it invaluable for
beby's sores!
Ml lltvontm and St«rt*.~i0e. box. ,
Thisshochas a specially
designed steel arch shank,
and Is made on a perfectly
modelled last, which entirely cUmiaatcs any uncomfortable feeling when
walking, Although wo
particularly recommend
this style, which is one of
thc Custom Grade at
Four Dollars, wc have
other ART SHOES at
$3.50 and $_.00. For sale
only at this store.
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop J
Shoe Shine
.     Bowling Alleys    ,
~, Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
■-•■ Victoria' Avenue '
FERNIE, B.C.,      Phone 34
'' The time is now. here when-the question" of new
"Window Drapes must be considered, and our New
Stock is now ready,for your approval.* It is certainly-the. prettiest lot of.'Curtain Materials we
have ever offered;     ; '* ■ *■
Dainty designs in Madras, Stenciled, Scrims, Pish
.Net effects, and dainty-Swiss Scot's and .figures.
,:You are sure to find in this stock just what you
We have also opened a special range of Nottingham, and Net Curtains, at prices ranging from
$1.00 to $7.50.' The $1.00, Curtain is a good full-
size three yards,in length, and all others are of
equally good value. '      ' .,      .
Linens and Cottons
, We have just received a direct importation of
very special values inv Linen Table Damasks and
Napkins.    --Linen Sheetings and Pillar Cloths.*
Some very special Cotton Sheetings and Pillar
Cloths, as well as a big rangeof Towels of different
makes and Towelings.
Make your Selection when the Stock is at,its best
—and that is now !   .
A Good Fishing
Our Mr. J. Wilson Quail has put
an nsfiovtmont, of FlRhlng Tncklo In
ono of Ills -lncl's window. Ilo will lio
glti'l to lmvo all fishermen _roi> in;
will advise. tliom tho propor nrtlclos
to buy; nlso as to wlioro tho best fish-
In,? for Rrnj-Jlns is.   Ho known.
Our Mr. TIaynca, claims to havo nn
oxtra spoclnl lino of Enamelled Ware
nnd nt tlio right prlco. Soo It In tho
window nlongsldo of Fishing Tncklo.
Tho Chief Lumper In this establishment, wishes to draw attention to tho
following four lines!
Chlim Nest Kggs, nt fie, or fiOo, do*-*:,
Vermin Nost Eggs nt 10c, or $1 doz,
(Thoy destroy nil vermin)
Two Specials for Saturday
Hnnmelloil Pio Plutos, 0 nml 10 Inch,
wlillo thoy Inst, 10c. onch.
Green Pnlntcd Chamber Palls, good
vnluo al 00c, will go at 60c.
The Pvopiictor. laat but not least,
nnbn nil smnkors to como In bc-tween
a nml 0 RnMmlny nlRlit nml lmvo a
bos of ninteboB on him,
And Nothing but the Best iti Fresh
and Smoked Meats, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry
Etc.   Etc., go to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
Hardware      Furniture
The Jeweler—That's All
Right on the corner
•I.. I ,-'-    t  I,.1-1. A
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold WiUr t-. A. Mills. Mart-gar
_._    j*
■¥ '
"♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
*"♦'."• ,      ♦
(- ♦ HOSMER  NOTES."        •■-'♦'
♦'',>,    By "Krltlk." •»
♦ '   ' -    V
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦"♦,♦'*♦♦.
The-St. Patrick concert'and dance
given under the auspices of the ladies
of the Catholic Church on the 17th
■was a success from all view, points.
Events of this character serve to
show that our community 'possesses
exceptionally good local talent.. ,' . .-*■.
. .T_« topical' song," "Mary Ami," by
Messrs,- Paddy Pratt and "Spud" Murphy was' rendered in such splendid
style that the audience •went" wild
with delight -     r   ■
"Thehabitant," on. of Drumniond'a
compositions, was worthy of special
mention. , The efforts of-the,six ladies and three gentlemen were greatly
appreciated by their audltow.
Mrs. Norman Henderson, accompanied by Miss Marie and Master Robert
of Bellevue, Alta., are visiting friends
in town.
Regret to report that Miss Chritsie
Pitblade is on the sick list. We wish
her a speedy recovery.
Everybody ln Hosmer was Irish on
the 17th, and the local merchants
deserve great credit for the appropriate decorations displayed. The
Shamrock and the Harp of Erin were
very much in view.
Signs of Spring are visible everywhere. The boys are now busily engaged playing marbles, others are out
fishing for grayling. .Three young disciples of Isaak Walton brought home
one hundred and sixty-five ao their
Saturday afternoon'*** catch. .
The snow is now rapidly disappearing from the' sidewalks, and we can
now, discern more -than the' driver's
head as the teams pass along before
the window. *■*    ,.,-...
Among the many citizens visiting
Fernie we have' to report Mr. Joe M-
lion, Mr. and, Mrs. Edwards, Mrs. .1.
K. Miller and Mrs. R. Anderson. ' Mr.
Tupper arid'Miss' A. Bremner were
likewise visitors to Fernie, but it was
Mr and Mrs. Tupper that ■ r'etui-iied,
having been united in matrimony ut
the Methodist Church. They have
. now determined to enjoy the pleasures
, of domesticity and their-many, friends
wish them-.long.life arid happiness in
their new sphere.    ■ %
, The ladies    of   <,the    Presbyterian
Church held a very, successful social on
a stretcher, is now, around^again; and'
glad to say. looks*none,the worse for
his experience. *'■ , _. -'• ■"*.< >
f,_ Mr. Al. Fortier is slowly recovering after a long and pajnful siege of
.inflamiriatory -rheumatism." '"''-" ";.'•'
" The disciples'. of the sunny smile
are as numerous ln Hosmer as the,
flowers in May, in fact our business
men' believe it an excellent health promoter, and no matter where you meet
them, whether trudging', along. the
sidewalk towards the Bank of Montreal, rushing to catch a train or. waiting upon a newcomer who does not
grasp the virtues of beams rather than
wrinkles, they^actlse aa, they preach.
We mention among othere Bill John
Morrison, whose smile is far more conducive to health than even Beecham's
Pills. Louis Severiux Is as happy as
the famous plough boy of history, who
when he wasn't whistling was smiling,
and when doing, neither was doing
both. Then there is another celebrated citizen, Wm. Robson, who, though
a firm believer by actual experience
that* "the best intents of mice and men
oft gang agley,'.' is still an apostle of
the order of Sunny Jims.
Wales called attention to that country's
pre-eminence in Rugby,* Mr.. J. Hill,
replying for the ladies/ showed he was
better versed in mining lore than in
the attributes of,the gentle sex.
'* Dr.. Gladwin finished the program
by replying for Canada.- Apparently
there-Is'not much to, say.iregarding
this '.country.. We think .some of those
agents in the old country could, give
the beauties better." ' The"tables were
then; cleared;" and dancing was' com-,
menced and*'boritimued"t'iif''6'o'clock
in the morning. ...     .... ... •.;   .■-.*.,
By .."Sweet 16."
Monday a_d all who- participated express gratification.
Mrs. McMeekin's -millinery opening
on Saturday last was a very successful affair.   .* '      -   **
Thursday last   Mrs. iliirpne^■ jeft ■
town on a visit i'o'tneland o' cakes'and
heather.        ■ "*'
Vancouver .'was * Mr.. George Steed-
en's objective point when he boarded
the train last Tuesday. .      ,
Mrs. J, Kenny, of Fernie,-is a guest
of Mrs. Harry  Bennett th)s week.
The weekly Lenten tea of the.Ladles'
Auxiliary was held on Tuesday nt the
homo of Mrs. Jarvis and greatly enjoyed by all who attended,
Littlo Dannie McLennan is onco,
again ablo to bo around after his misfortune to his .foot, nnd wo sincerely
hope that ho will soon bo as sprightly,
ns ever.
Mlssos' Crplghton and Dnniols wero
visiting horo from Ferule Inst Snlur-
.day*      „   •
Mrs. A.. Mnlhieson paid a visit to
lior parents at .Brocket ,Alta„ this
. Mr. nnd Mrs, Waters commemorated
tlio 7th anniversary of their •woddln**.
on Sundny Inst,
Pleased to report that little Pnnl
niggliiR ls getting nlong nlcoly.
Tlio family of Mr. Sficiicor aro quarantined on account of dlphthorln.
Mr, Wright, who wnH bo suddenly
attacked this woolc with nn Illness that
lio was romovod to tho hospital on
AVm. Gus. Sinlth has gone to Calgary to attend the deferred conference
between the Western Coal, Operators
and the officials of District 18, U .M.
W." of A.* 7"    ■*.„   "
Mr. Robert Strachan,' Inspector of
Mines, was up here on Tuesday.  '
The President ofthe Big Game Association is endeavoring to enhance
his reputation as a marksman by ridding Corbin' of some of its canine
pests. The other day he took one of
tliese doomed animals down the railway track to suitable place* and tied
him to a tree. His trusty henchman,
tne owner **o_ the dog, assisted him in
this very necessary;task. - Stepping
back a few feet the worthy president
raised his trusty rifle and fired three
shots at the. helpless victim .How
it. happened,. no. one .knows," but: the
dog fled yelping into the bush': Knowing the dog would die anyway, the pair
retraced their steps-to Corbin; -where
to'  their,chagrin, the first*t_ilng_th'__y.
saw.* was "the dog" following a l_dy.
As the president had put another notch*
in his gunstock, this was distinctly
embarrassing,- arid a bystander heard
him murmur: "I always said those
Dominion ..shells ...were -no-goodI-"--If
this is a fair sample of the president's
ability as a shootist, what, about the
ordinary lay members? "   ' *
, If this spell of warm weather continues snow will soon be' at n pre-
inium in Corbin.
The 17th of Ireland was celebrated
In great style up hero. A largo party
of both sexes asembled at 9 o'clock
in the evening nnd nfter pnrtnking of
n* well laid repast, wore treated- to
sovornl songs nnd nddrosses. Mr. A,
A. .M. Black presided niul nftor reading somo telegrams from such notable
personages ns King Edward, Emperor
William, Laurier, Taft, Billy Reed, etc'
oxplfilnliig thoir. nbsenco, Mie called on
Mr. Hall to speak up for Ireland.
Judging from tho longth of Mr. Hall's
speech, thoro ls really very littlo to
bo said nbout thnt. country, Mr.
Gus Smith was noxt called on to respond to tho tonst of America. Mr.
Smith apparently leuns towards: reciprocity nnd nnnoxntlon. Mr. J.
Chambers, replying for England, did
not sny vory much nflor admitting
ho wns a poor speaker. Mr, >T McCulIoch responding for Scotland, mndo
lt clear that Hint country is tho pivot
of tho universe. Mr. N. Howells
In  a fow woll  cliosoti words nbout
•***-_>_-■■_:_______■______,. M• r  —__.—-. • * f -„'.£.^^ Vii*'.m-«\?-j'-*jJr
High   Class   Boardine:   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
♦    -■_     ^.COLEMAN hy 22 ' ♦
♦ y' ;*..;-■♦
♦ ♦' ♦:♦ •*-♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
On. Monday Charles Foyle met with
a serious" accident while at work to-*
James Good and 'Co;*, wlio are shipping ice for the Arctic Ice Company.
Foyle.'was! unloading Ice from a car
and while in,the act pf clamping, his
tongs.on..ai.huge block (the average
weight of. these Is 1000 lbs) it slipped
pinning him between another block.
He was, ; however, Immediately
removed'; to the . hospital, * where,
upon examination by Dr. Porter, 18
was found that he had suffered fractures to three ribs, severe strain to
the muscles of the back as well as internal injury. At the time, of writing he is in a serious state, but every
hope is held out for his' recovery.
Jont. Graham underwent another operation and is now, we are glad to
report, marching on to recovery. .-
' On Sunday last our member of the
Alberta Legislature, Charles M.
O'Brien gave a ca.ll before taking his
trip East. * A large and appreciative
audience listened to a splendid address in the Opera House on "What is
Socialism?" He handled his subject
in a masterly manner, mixing in some
very humorous remarks rousing the
crowd. to such a' pitch that he was
applauded time and again.
•Since'.Monday last the mines have
been idle here because of a grievance
in connection with 'that excellent and
useful Institution—the. Hospital. This
institution Js entitled to and should
receive the support of every lover of
corariion humanity, uo matter whether'
employer or employee. .Perhaps the
master. thinks that, by collecting and
retaining, the monies stopped from the
support of. an instituton that saves
his employers and the. insurance company /thousands of dollars a year,
therefore; he brings up a petty, grie-'
yn'nce.that -means a daily loss of thousands, of _ dollars to tho,,shareholders.
(Continued on Page 8)
| Letters To
t       The Editor *
The editor Is   not   responsible for
articles that are sent in.
Maple Lenf.
7 **■*    Mnrch 17, 1911
To tlio Editor District Lodger, Fernio.
Dear Sir,—In n recent Issuo of tho
Lothbrldgo llornld Is a write-up of tho
wnsh-hous.s in different camps of District 18 by a correspondent from Blairmore. Thoro Is ono thing suro, that
this scribe Is not o miner. He stntos
thnt nil tlio enmps hnvo good wash-
houses with tho exception of Burmis.
Feol suro that if ho would visit this
camp and not bo partial ho would add
Mnplo Lonf too.
Tho wush-houso at this mlno was
ahovo the -bollor room, hut slnco tho
compnny hnvo got tho now boiler going wo had ono day's Iny-ofr to got
thom to hont the place to dry our
Loclcoi'H nro unknown horo, niul of
bath tubs thoro nro none, nnd tho
only nionjiB for washing In nro two
wooilon buckots, They don't lenk:
oh, no! Tho wntor which is n« hlnck
ns Ink rims out of thom. I nm not
lionBtful, but will sny this, Hint If nny
wnsh-hoiiHO, IliirmlH or nny other ciin
boat this ono, woll! I'm from Missouri, nml you'll lmvo to show mo.
Thanking "you for Oils spneo,
I nm, dour Sir,
Michel, B. C.
Mnrch 22, 1911
To tlio Editor District Ledger, Fernio.
Doar Comrade,—Tho question of organization' la being discussed very
much by tho flro hnHnos In ■mnnv of tlio
mining camps all nlong tho Pnss, No
doubt it would bo very odncntlonnl
and doubtlcsa tend to bring about tlmt
eolida-ritx irMch at ilie. present lime
Is vory much needed to oountornct.
the dirty -.chotnes of capltnlfem's bench
men who obey tho mandato "DJviflo
nnd  wo rulo.*
Holding lho ponltlon ot flro boss In
Michel at the tlmo of writing I think
tlmt lt would bo advisable tp stato
approximately the attitude of tho fire
hoii.---"* h-oro <_onc«n_l*aK cvv.;u*.l7,*\Uov..
Wo held a meeting In the mlddlo of
jF'bninry. of v_!iUh i *_».__ I.....W, .*uir-
man. Thore were only ion tiro boni**
r« prettcM, and the qu-'-sl.on under din-
nunlon wan orfinnlmtlon. so ■*»•■*_ con.
eluded to hold unothit mef-tlng on
■P.wndn-r. tho nth ot February, ond 1
wrote a notice to that effect and signed my name,' the other firebosses signing theirs *.'also;- but before the day.
of the meeting I received my notice
of six week's duration from the Crow's"
Nest Pass'Coal Co. ! was not at all
all surprizer,'but it struck me very
forcibly to-think they had used that
much-discretion and consideration to
giving me six week's notice.
. So I went, to the; manager, as I
wanted rto know-.the cause for -which
I was discharged. Well, after about
a half-hour's,' tajk he' admittedV in a
very sheepish" manned, and this was
his law of causation: Tou are discharged because your . Interests' are
shown too much for the working class
and along those lines you cannot be
of interest to tbe, master that pays
Poor slaves!..and this Is an age of
,1 went out.of,that;offlcec-and In my
opinion I left the' manager";"a much
Wiser man as he wa_ made to realize that the same* bunch "of robbers
paid him as paid the slave wbo endangers his life dally in the production of that cbminodity—Coal."
As a result of my discharge only
six fire bosses out of a maximum "ot
twenty came to* the meeting which
should have been held on the Sunday.
Now, I would not like to be misunderstood, and I do not wish to cast a
bad light on the principles of the
slave-drivers, because • the sense of
humor is lacking, not through any
fault of their own, but mure'y by the
iron hod -.-.7 capital., which tramples
upon all honor and decency.
I must now- state a few of the advantages which can be gained by organization, and anyone who fully .understands the duties .and the responsibility placed upon the fire bosses
does not envy, him of his position.
Many various questions arise in
mining, such' as* accidents and their
causes: • Explosives' and their use;
the dangers .of coal dust and a thou:
sand other things .which could be discussed intelligently. by the mining
student at their meeting.'  _    -''
We have also a Coal'""Miner,, Re-*
gulation Act which is full of techni-,
calities and I often hear the fire bosses
debating two', big words (Reasonably
Practicable) and they have defined
them very nicely-(What we cannot do
.in_thr.ee__hours_we_wllLtake_slx). '
It is very,.pleasing to note that the'
fire bosses, in Alberta have the grit
to form an organization;-'-and'I hope
to see British Columbia take the same
steps and form one solid union through
out both iproylfices. It'."}s; the. only
protection uiidcr the present sysiem,
as we all have seen fire,' bosses discharged without causo for'-'dolng* their
dutyt ■ '.   ,
The only thing the management
seems to trouble about is how much
coal did you ,get out. So' It Is time
such work ns running round hunting
coal was stopped, nnd do your duty
ln strict, accordance with the Conl
Mlnos Regulation Act. The only wny
to obtnin such condition's ,ls,,by organization, nnd fire bosses b'elng. appointed by'tho District Inspector and paid
by tho. Government.
Thnt In'Itself will ho a big step
towards minimizing the industrial
murder which nt nil limes ls occurring
In conl mines.
I >vlll now concludo, hoping to soo a
successful   fire  boss  organisation.
Thanking you for tho spaeo allowed
mo In our vnlunblo pnpor, ■
I nm,
Yours for buccors
Frank, Altn.
Mnrch, 20, 1911
Edllor of District Ledgor, Fernio.
Dear Sir,---In Inst week's Ibruo of
Tho Frank Vindicator there appears
"A reply to n Minor" thnt wns published   In  Tho Lodger  of tho  Ilth
Tlio writer makes a foeblo nnd fu-
tlio attempt to contradict tho stato-
niontfl mndo which woro bnscd on
first hand knowledge. Tho cone-roto
floors, showor bntlis nro not mention-
oil, nllhough wo nro Informed that llio
company does Intend to build a modorn
wnsh-hoiiBO, but, "Moll Itsolf Is pnvod
with good IntontloiiH," wiyi. Sir Walter Scott,
I am  stntlng,  nml  1 hnvo  Htated
existing conditions, niul not, painting
pictures of futuro possibilities,   Two
yenrs ngo ne\t July wo. did hnve a
modorn wnsli-houso dent rayed by flro,
nnd hnvo been living In hopes nnd on
promises ever slnco Hint It would bo
rebuilt.   We  nlm-orely  hopo  It  mny
bo, lint ns ovlilencn of tho llloglcnl
position of tho Vlndlcnior scrlbo we
would   noV   \t   Mm   wwumi   nrp-n-ilr'"1
nro  nr*  nice, rlenn   nnd   enmfnrtnlilm I
nnd plentifully supplied with hot wnter j
why Is thoro any ronson for tlio mod* j
ern wnHlidioimo?    Dno of two thlngB
Is evident upon n moment's reflection
—either Hit"- wtl-Mlnr hnHtllmri. nre «tn>*ti!
Hint oilier nrrnngenicntii lire nor-eii-i
wiry, or else thev nro not, and coii* j
Bequently no need for a modorn wnisli
"You pny your monnv and lnko your!
choice," and In «n dolnn realize Ihnt'
Llii'l   lit   lii**.   IMI)   T.|(l*l|',l    ...   Mil till*   (-0.1- I
vleted of blo'vlnr bnt ..n.1 rold ncro'*-*-!
l.mly Mt* tbo «"*.ri» ttifivH htm. If
l«o visited fl"* •.»'f"-»-.|ieiif'f »t th* oH ;
irlne Iaci Tirr**-1*"" ' #■> «u>m !.r,ve toot
fi.r.\trt tnrxo'tc'l" •-.Ir-ll %bn mv
nr-cif.fn.** r-*:--*' - "onMHoii*. ve**/*
>*>-■•.'.'" i ■■•■   .--ii 'itn^rt  whin  ♦
have already written, that it is''not
possible to dry clothes in the lockers.
He dubs me a liar and a strife breeder, but, abuse is not, argument, and
when resorted "to without foundation
in fact is a positive proof of a losing
argument. .Up.to the time that I
wrote my leUer there was not a drop
of either hot or cold water in the wash-
house, and, as I am not in .the "know"
of the company's plans could not write
that'the water was on hand the night
I penned, the previous article. '
Opinions, of course, may differ as
to what is ."an abundance." , Let me
explain: A barrel ls placed near the
stove with which it ls connected by
means of a coil, there is also another
barrel which never gets hot; now, imagine what happens to 40 men when
they come,off shift. Let 12 of them
take three gallons each for their bath,
this is no great quantity for one man,
and the supply is exhausted, with the
result that many have to bath ln cold
water., Those men who have homes
to go to take their clothes and change
and bath there, which.should be conclusive evidence that it Is preferable
to this "comfortable wash-house.'
The accusation that I and others
of my clique are responsible for conditions because of the lay off in February is another departure from 'the
line of truth, and is merely an instance of the tactics of the lawyer
when he has no case, of slinging mud
at the witness. As a matter of fact
I was one who advocated that the disputes which the local committee had
failed to adjust, should be held over
until the District and International
Officers- returned from the, Convention at Columbus.
This is on record, and is well known
still, I do not expect that this will
have any effect upon one who is* so
economical with the truth and so
prodigal with assumption.
, For the edfiication of this apologist
and also for the benefit of the public
in whom he shows so much, concern,
I will now mention some additional
touched upon had, this individual not
seen fit to dub me a strife breeder.
At the signing of the present agreement it was decided that the company
should, deduct fifty *" cents monthly
from the men who were living in the
companys houses as an off-set to the
.cost of sanitation. Ten months elaps-
company in return for the monies' obtained so* the men demanded a refund ,
as any ,falrminded individual must
concede was only just and proper,
and after a months lay-off the officers
of* the organization and the management of tho company had a conference
and .this' money, together with other
monies retained,' amounting to about
700  dollars  were  refunded.
The object of mentioning this Is
simply ln justification of myself as
I consider the attack upon my veracity
Is distinctly unjustifiable, as I nm not
a strife breeder nor do I indulge In
fabulous flbulous yarns because of n
full realization that I nm out-clnsscd
In this line by tho versatile chnmplon
of "Vindicator" fame.
In common fairness to tho Frank
Company I will say thn.that I do be-
Hove that thoy nro making an effort
to improve -.'ciidln-ns, but nt tho
snmo tlmo do noj; consider thnt the
publlcntion of erroneous iJtntcmonts
Is of valuo to nnybody. If tho B'T.bo
hnd limited his effusion to a description of tho enmp without mentioning
tlio wnsh-liouso or tho sanitation, if
would havo had nothing to sny, but as
It Ib nny ono who Is sufficiently in.
torested to nscortaln for t'nomsolvos
the truth of nffnirs !ms only lo wnto
to nny frlond In ."rani- nrd thcti' I
will rest my enso,
Apologizing for occupying ho much
spnee, but do ho hocnuso If conditions
nro cnpnblo of bottormont thoro Is no
hotter plnn to ndopt tlmn that of
wide publicity la tho opinion of tho
snmo Individual who wroto tho previous nrtlelo nnd signed hlmsolf—
G. Ne Railway
Fernie to
by Rail and Boat'First Class
account of
Full particular*, at Local Office
Ledger Ads Pay
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
Luncheons Served 01
every __,y from 9 jun.' In 11 p.m.
a ■
Pork and Beans Saturday
Storo Phono 123 jrou*--e Phone 180
T. W. Davies
I am agent for
"The Pride of Alberta"
A FJour of which one
trial ,is all that is needed
to prove its worth. '
Try <(CREMQ"a breakfast food that is a food
W.G. Warn
General Merchant
Wm. Murr
Special arrangements _or
* o    Parties;   etc
Ordcr'your ChrlKlmoN Cnke enrly
•Apply   for   Price   List
Hread and Cakes shipped on the
Local for Eastern Camps
New Michel
& Blairmore
To-morrow, Saturday, Mar. 18
The World Famous and Scorching
Oldfield -Johnson
Auto Races
Do not Fail to C These Pictures
•as ir"vxvr," r ■ .tu wj_twb-tc _a_i_iaufc_i PAGE SIX
ing him.     He is simply a creature-
of the times.1* '
,"We are. either going to have private
monopoly in the hands of a few industrial despots, or public monopoly." Apply common .sense and sound reason,
but if I can't reason you into it, then
the God of the Machine must kick
you into it." ■
| living' colliers as well as to the dead,
Three Hundred and Forty-one Men j ™-i when the next guuer press is yelping about bloodthirsty hooligans, and
howling for the rifles of British troops
and Boys Wiped out of Existence
at  the Hulton  Colliery  on
December  21st
By Rowland Kenny
As I sit watching the coals burning brightly in the grate, and feel tho
cheerful radiating heat, my mind travels buck down the years wliich liave
Intervened since 1 lived and worked
with ' the ■ miners iu llio Lancashire
coal fields. Back to tho timo when. 1
was "in diggings" in the home of a
collier and listening to his modest
tales of dully toil and hardship;
of unreekoned dangers faced witli n
■stoicism Buck as the world has .sel-
' dom equalled and nover excelled,
1 know* the Lancashire mine: in
timately; I, know their blunt ways,
tlieir rough exterior and the lives ihey
lead. They work hard, play hard,
in many cases drink hard, and consistent lo tlie last, die hard. But their
rough exterior libels their' inward tenderness; true and sweet and ,tender
are the men and women of the'.Nor.ih.
Tliey live, many of them, in miserable hovels; they know little of tlio
refinements of life; they are a class
apart, from the snobbish cleric and pio-
fessionals of the big cities. When
they visit the Metropolis they are often
mocked and jeered at for their uncouth manners.     •
When they t>o on striko ihe gutter* press reeks with blatant lies
about, tlieir dissolute - habits, brutal
violence and selfishness. But when
the vibrating wires flash the message through tlie country "that a few
hundred ,of tliem are entombed'.alive
or blown- to pieces', columns are writ-
ton about, the "heroes of the pits" by
the same cynical scribes wlio liave
so abused them.
I have known men who have been'
vilely attacked in tiie yellow press
as "dangerous .hooligans" Who ought
to* be bludgeoned and imprisoned because they were' rather strenuously
'assorting (heir right to better conditions of life, and in a few 'weeks'
charred   masses   of   flesh      Boys   of
fourteen years old twisted in death's
last agonies..    Sights  too  awful  to'
The rescuers do not talk," no oiie
will ever know their dangers and difficulties; even we who know tlio pits
and pitmen can form but a faint
estimate of the terrible agonies they
liave undergone
Spartan Women
On Boxing Bay the pit presented rib
stirring scenes, no wild outward show
of woe"was tliere; no theatrical display of-grief; sad-eyed, grey-faced women, too familiar with sorrow to.indulge in hysteria, thronged lho roads;
rescuers who -liad looked on death in
its most horrible form and were silent;
groups of nurses, ambulance men and'
policemen. *
Tlie great winding wheels reared
up to high heaven, the grimy, outbuildings; the lint, bandages and disinfectants in the "doctor's room." The
mortuary where lay the, coffined remains; tlie heaps of "clobber" on the
coffins; belts, clogs and rags that
had been clothes.
And again one's attention is drawn
lo the spartan women. One hundred
and fifty-three women widowed and
two hundred and seventy-six children
orphaned in a moment. Oh! the pity
of it'.
Christmas, when the sons and daughters of men make merry; when joy
and hope should fill every human
breast, and in theso Lancashire homes
tliere is nolhing but sadness and despair. Cheerless faces ■■•instead fit
joyous laughter.
As one thinks of these silent suffers tho lines of Henry Lawson'come
to the mind with added meaning and
deeper, intensity of feeling*: .
"Their days are hard at the best of
And   their* dreams   are   dreams   cf
to spit out death-to striking miner's
in the streets of Tonypandy. or any
other place, \\c can remember the
Whitehaven and Pretoria holocausts
and the heroism of the men, who gladly, eagerly risked tlieir lives in efforts
to   save   their  fellows.—"Mrs.   Bull.'"'
You think your boss loves you?, You
think that the capitalist and laborer
have mutual interests and can pull
together for, mutual benefit? filt is
time you were getting' your wisdom"
teeth 'cut. , The following is a circular put out by a detective agency
and sent too employers of labor in
Canada. Study it over and then
spend a little while over the , idea
that you have to look after yourselves
and that a bitter class struggle is on
between you and the capitalist class.
., The following is the circular:   ,
"This service makes a speciality of
handling labor troubles, either exist-
lime'wh"onTIT__same men iiavo.eiieeF"
fully descended a hell hole of a pit
- shaft in an* almost, hopeless attempt
to rescue comrades buried under tons
« nf fallen earth, the same scribes have
written them down as heroes and angels who should have a niche in (he
temple of the great, a line on the
scroll of fame,
Wiped Out.of Existence
. At 8 o'clock of the the morning of
December 2lst, an explosion occurred
fit the Pretoria Pit, of the'Hulton
x Coliery .Company and in an instant
three hundred and forty-one men and
boys wero wiped out of existence;
burnt, suffocated, crushed, or blown
to atoms of charred earth.
Immediately, Investigation parties
wero formed; bands of men, fearless
of death, careless of life, without any
special precautions, with nothing but
hand tools and their dauntless .courage, descended the pit, They did not
know'the condition of the atmosphere
below, but down they wont to learn
lho secrets of those awful depthhs.
Tlmo nfter tlmo thoy wore drivon
.back by deadly fumes, ono of thom,
William Turton, of Chor-iierhont, anxious about his son, ventured too far
Into lho foul air and died boforo his
comradca' eyes; thoy carried Win
away and relumed to thoir superhuman task.
And what hIrIiIh lliey snwf At
tlio bottom of the shaft, lay a group
'. of flvo deml hoys; Dw placo w;is a
lingo fantastic, i.aveiii; roads mil of
all shape Thick wire ropo broken I
llko threat
to    matchwood;     twisted
strewn mound; luiihing living iuul •,■*■■•■ onlv a fow
thing whole     * .
Hod Ich iiHpi'invl ovei' nil..*; I...<!!<
with l-mhn ■ lilm-n nwny and two
bat I fit-'l  In;  IkkIIch reilu<(--l  to nn -i
Yes, the miner's life is at.-best  a
hard arid dangerous one, at worst   it
is a moving tragedy, or a I-Iell    on
Soldiers of Industry
I.know colliers in Lancashire who
fought through the South 'African war
and considered it a picnic. Tliey run
more rislis in a month In the coal mine
than they ran in six months at the
Although no longer scarlet clad soldiers of the Empire, thoy aro still
soldiers—sollders of Industry—for ever
facing' tho foe, always in tho firing
lino, bearing tho brunt of the ceaseless battle, attacking an enemy moro
than any human enemy that ever took
tho field against thom.
Heroes not for ono day In tho year,
biit for every clay; fighters In a war
nover ceasing.
Tho Pretoria Pit does not scorn to
have had the bost of ropulntlon, many
of tho men had complained of the.
gas and the dnngor. An I yot It wns
regarded as n model initio Think of
it A model mlno and ono of tho
longest death rolls on record Just
road the following ,llst of fatalities
In pit disasters;—
mod—Franco     1200
IliliS—Maypole           T-">
infill—Diii'liain      1fl:l..
1010—Whll ulinvon   _      13 fl
IIHO—1'rolorla Pit        H-11    .
Torrlblo figures; but thoy only glvo
Hip big iIIbuhIqi-h;  tho dlsnslors 1 li-.it
Rev. Robert Wbitaker Says Socialism; ing'or contemplated.
Has Nothing to do with
*   Religion
The Bulletin, of San Francisco, publishes a report, of a lecture made by
Bev. Robert Whitaker of Los Angeles.
Commenting on the lecture, this paper
says: .. "Whitaker says Socialism has j property during strikes and lockout
"We break strikes in all parts of the
United States and Canada, and are
prepared to submit a list of references from manufacturers and others
who have employed us during the last
five. years.
"We have in oui-'employ experienced
guards for* the,protection of life nnd
By Hugh M'Gee
nothing to do with religion,' but its * These men are all over six feet in
simply an economic principle which,: height, and selected'for their ability
holds that, the tools of production must j (0 handle, this class of work. All have
be publicly owned for the benefit ofjseen strike service, manv hold state
all."       '   ? ,;■ '    ■ ■"'
The Bulletin reports Whitaker's lectures as follows:
"I find that many identify Socialism
with irrelig'on, thinking it means an
nttnek o:i thc church. This is not
true.. If there is a good deal nf ma
leriallsm in the Socialisl movement
there was a rre.u deal nf atheism in
'he revolution.')'v. movemt*.**/ of ilie
eighteenth c.*i_i*.ry. An ath.-i*-*: had
r, great da-il-m do with ihr-, .■*■■■.-. or,--.
,;f the Aiao-.i in colonies i'i *ilii,*i*
i.i niggle for lu-i-.-pendence
"This was because the cini relics
were lied up' with the in _ltutions of
that day, just as, they are tied up
with'the institutions of this, and it is
absurd to blame Socialism' when the
churches stand aside so largely from
Socialism  and  do  not   play  tho  part!
they ought'to play in tho cause of the j With you,' and find out
common man.*     ;     *      . ;    «Tn iianclllug strikes we take entire
"Lyman Abbott, editor- of the* Out- J charge of same, furnish necessary
Jook recently 'defined Socialism as a ■ guards to protect men while at work-
spirit, an ideal and a program. It:a,„i escort them" to-and from work' if
reminds nie of ,one riian's definition '.oardiii"*. outside,
of a crab as a *,'red fish that walks' "We employ-transport and deliver'
backward.',* It was explained to him \ non-union, men to fill up- affected
that, this a .perfect.}*; good-definition j plants. .*
except Ihat. tho crab is not.' a fish,' «\y charge no premiums ou such
and city police commissions, and
should not be confounded with guard-
furnished by our imitators and recruited from the slums of the cities.
"We* furnish secret operatives of ail
trades, union, or non-union, for work
in mill, ""mine, factory, 'store,, etc., for
the purpose of receiving inside information.
.   "Is your, shop being unionized?
'Is   thc   output  being  restricted?
"Is the' union'running your shop?
"Is'material being wasted, or stolen?
"Have you a. 'shop committee' and
who are they?.
"Does the' foreman show favoritism?
"Are you losing castings in your
foundry? Do you want to know
whal is being "done at union meetings?
"Let us place a mechanic operator
The Rev. William Kirby, Ph. D„
writes very clearly in the February
Catholic World, concerning the*, status
of "Private Property as It Is,"' in
this present age of capitalism, and
shows that the contention of the Social
ists is, in a measure,"; justified. ,    .
In -part, he advises„his readers as
follows: *' '*    ,*     *     .
"Possibly the strongest force of collective' consciousness iri the world" today is that part.bf which is. based
on property. *     *
"If is this unified collective consciousness that is held in mind in the
attacks that 'are made, by organized
labor and by Socialism on the present
organization of property. .
"The timid individual owning $500
is no being lo.be afraid of. He offers
no menace to our institutions. He has
no power to sway tho-minds, of men.
1-1 e has no temptations to undermine
the institutions of government,
"But the individual into whom tho
spirit of organization of property as a
whole has entered, who is caught by
its power and swayed by its temptations; the individual who has; through
mastery of property, become master of
men and master of institutions, he it
is that is held iii mind in the denunciations of capital and capitalism
which are constantly.hurled forth from
"Therefore, it would be well for
us to. keep this in mind in our defense of private property and in meeting the attacks that are made against
it.     . .
"We tend too much to argue in defense of the small owner and the legitimate use of property and we tend to
i overlook the complicated meciiauism
just hinted at—by which property is
completely  revolutionized.
The Socialist Press is pleased lo see
lho American born ■ representative of
thb Catholic Ghujch treat with proper consideration the' true, philosophy
and aims of the followers of Karl
Office: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours 9-12; 1-6; Phono 72
B. C.
Office Honderson Block, Fernie B.C.
'"'   Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5; 8 to S.
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.'   ■
W. R. Ross K. C. W. S. Lane
Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, 8. C.
ward. „
"Socialism   contains  a   spirit—' the":
spirit of protest—and that is -always '■
healthy.     I opce attended a meeting
of Methodist'ministers at which the
per  day you''wish  to  pay, 'charging
only •for"'actual "time'agent may be engaged in securing them..
'.   "'Men employed by us will ,be taken
to affected plants*by our guards and
Rev. Joseph Smith, a revivalist, 'was  safeiy delivered and strikers are not
asked to speak on Socialism.    He said ■ permitted to molest thom. -,
ho knew nothing about Socialism and
therefore would not try to .discuss it,
but he asked this question;
" 'Wl;en a dozen men sitting around
a deal table In New York can so regulate tho prices of necessitates that
the pallid wlfo of tho workingman
ennnot get milk for her baby. Isn't It
time some of us wero getting mad?'
"I'should say It was tlmo we wore
getting wlso. It doesn't do any good
to get mnd.'nlthough I'm sorry..for tho
man who can look out on our Industrial conditions without somo passion,
But It takeB, more than passion to'
mako a Socialist. It takes more than
TJtoplanlsm. ?
"Tho man who dreams of n perfect
world some tlmo In the distant future
Is not a Soelnllst. Neither ls a program of government ownorshlp Socialism. Russia owns mnny things,
but the Russian govornment is not
"Socialism Is a science, of economics
If has a backward look, nn outward
look and a forward look. The first
wo cnll economic determinism. This
has lo do with lho path,, by which
wo lmvo romo.
** "We have found from experience
that strikes are broken quickest where
new men are boarded inside or adjacent to affected plant, and we are prepared to fit up ancl maintain temporary
boarding quarters, furnishing colored
cooks, walterfl. etc., making samo
practically  self-sustaining. ,
"Sanitary arrangements are carefully looked after, and nothing ls allowed to go to waste.
"Secret men nttend all meetings of
strikers and report proceedings. This
service possesses the necessary equipment, such as Winchester rifles, police
clubs, cots, blankots, etc., to handle
any sized trouble—Cotton's Weokly,
Wc are creatures wlio have evolved
from the. lower typos of animals.
Christ taught peace. Tennyson taught
peace. Tolstoy taught peace. And
yet our* labor  skinners aro *wild  for
AV___ t*_ Ti-ir.    .inMllnnl n]1, _n__f- ___„ . „__._i_f	
 ,...- — __-._v—j,v.__. _.,_—_,„ j, j,._.,,__—,»,__-—L. «,, -
ting guns into "the hands of our infants and telling then!.-. "Go, learn to
shoot, your fellow men." Even our
ministers of the Man*-of Peace are
turning themselves into hounds of war.
We have evolved from the lower'
brutes, According to Haeckel each
human being reproduces in himself
tho history of the race - We have
come out of the brute. The baby
cannot- talk, This is a remnant of
the history when mon wero dumb like
the brutes. A baby has tho habit of
putting things Into Its mouth. This
is a remnant of the history, of the
raco when men felt with their lips
like dogs and horses. • A baby creeps
on all fours, This Is a remnant, of
of the four-legged stage. The boy
delights ln savage pursuits and games
of war. This a1 remnant,of tho sav-
aTJo history of mon. Tennyson tcil>
man, "Movo upward,'working out tho
beast, and let, the apo and tiger die,"
False Prophets
And Giant Bluffers
L. P. Eckstein   , D. E. McTaggart
Cox Street Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
i       O
Fernie, B. C.
..  . A. McDougall, Mgr
\     " . u-     ' V
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough .
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Veterinary Surgeon
promptly* made,  day  or . night
and satirlfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
P. O.  Box   1126
Phone 882 j
325,  Fifth  Avenue, W
Dining- Room and Beds under
New Management.
-■first class table  board.
Bar Unexcelled
Ail White Help
Everything .
.   Up-to-date
Call in and
see us once
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
. Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson,  Dining Room Mgr
On first class
business and rest-
dentlal  property.
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
Ily a Moro Reporter
What RtvniiKo curves    nnd    IwIhIb
II, Is Iho recognition | history lu innklii.*- In lis upward strug-
of  lho  enormous powor  of environ-! 1.1.
incnl, ol' Iho fact Unit, Iho economic;    Tnlio for pxniiiplp our Wnll SI reel,
i-oi hlpr Ik'iiiIIIiii-'H In lho pi-phh.     r.|ltlr<7v,iult(lnn of (lio pooplo (^ (ho mold In 7-'>IVn-iiv*rK and lloosov^t Roctnllslfl.
Imiilk*-* ni timber Hmniilir-I i „„-,,.„ ■„ ,„,,„,, of „10 (laMy o-.,,,,,.,...-,,,,. j w,)|ph n),n f,,1(,. ..„ Hnp|n, ln8,|(uUoim j    Wlmt qiJccr )Iliesf 1]lpy nr0 boliml (o
roiiwoi-l-.,,,,. nn (l<lf.|*-jt.n,  whicli kills or mains     «Ti„, oiilwnrd  look  shows  us  tho: lonvo on  Dw road of proptrnss over
situation ln*(Iiiy--wn^ii slavory. j which tho Amerlcnn pooplo nro now
"What you cnll IhVso things In not   I ni veil I iir
mo Important.     I don't trniiMo mypclf
In  1!Hi',l,  1,171  nii'ii  and hoys were
killed   and   MILL'S   were   .naiiied   In
What Has Dandruff Got To
Do With Baldness ?
llrltlsh pltH.      Ull.n.iO.O'iO were pnld! Ho much  in-dny  nhoul   whnt   ti   tiinii
lo iiliiin-linldcrH In rent nnd dividends, j r.|i||K |,i« (j(„i, whether   lluildlm.  Mil-
If n tenth pin-l of llio ennnnoim pro* i homtnel or Johiih.
fits hud been spent nu s-nfeminnK It |    "\\;. ],nv.. mndo rnpld pnif.re.is |0.
In mifn In nny thin nnl one ti*nih nf llm; wnnl   iiuIIi-iiIIhiii  III   Iiihi  eoiinlry he-
JiiHt. eoiiRjder tho fncts:
Tho Anieilenn peoplo—-lho worklUK
people, thowiiRO onrnorH—nro Hiitfor-
lim from nil not in of nhtisen nnd hnrd*
Their hreiul Ih mlullcrnloil.    Their
7«_i._."_?___.l!.!___!i *}>__•■"?}   mrjr  diy j »,. ,IH Hi He mm poHHlblo,
tt th* on« cituM or bftldnoii li dun-1    ... -
■uff,   IJut li Itt
Tru«.   dsn-lruK .oft.n
aruff,   hut li Itt I
Tru*. dandruR ofttn txreeedea th*
departure of tht hair,
ft li •qunlly truo that you know
man with a nhoelc of hair you can
■hardly pull a comb throusrh, -who hava
•arrltd around a dandruff laden collar
aa Jong ai you hava known tham.
Tou hava alio inn man whoia icalp
■wm kapt aa clean ai a baby* whoio
hair wum itiraly ^opartlng*.
That dandruff talk aoundi wall and
convlneaa a rood many of ua, tint Ut
it* iiui Imi ourKivii, i In t.n
Of eouirf*.*-, dandruff Un't a Kiod thlnr i
if "it,"r "ifoul''jr' bul w *■■ ttUl>r ,*n ,n""
Tha ■ame troubla tbat  oauaaa tha
hair to fall out umally _aot*»i •_.»_..
Ctult eo If.you rat at tha eauaa and
arrait tha Ion of hair, you -will atop
•JandruCf too,
. Thoia who uaa WyaVa Hlrautona And •
'*_."*•-.'*. *"^**-   «**--'.»".»"-,1'j»*_»   *ikir   imai-f
and hair drilling* thay hava avar ui*d.
It doa* atop the hair from falling
•ut. a
It will   alio., atop, dandruff.
Yaur Nral Drugflat chaarfully rao-
•mraanda lt-—-|t.00 and GOo in iprlnklir
For Hnle nnd  Cunrnntec-I  hy
■liven   would .linvit   been   lord.      The  eniino   we've   hnd   n   ehnni-i
jCnvt-i'i-nie.il   iih   umiiil   dneu   nol hint,',! nwny from pur prohlems.     Tliey nrn
, irylnu' to fill up UiIh Hlnto wllh people.
Tlicie nni  10 InspoetorB    ro    a,,'00 j    »lf wn hnd 10,00^,000 people In ("-nil-
l***i*.  tliey hpontl most  of iheir time ■ fornhi to-dny you'd hnvo n Hoelnl pro-
vlslilnp iliu KI-OHI.R of fatal   nrcidonts i hlcin Jnlihlnt. n lot of men up /iRnlnitt
mid I'ltciullim it>i|tieHln. jlho wnll.    PiipctIiph don't mnko Roelnl-
LiihI .lime n motion wiih before thr. j |Hf.i,     1('h when n   fellow In out of n
llniiKt* of CoiiiuioiiK pleading for more < Job nml enn't *■!
liiH|io(ioi'n nnd more \-luoi'nun Inspoc-  Uto pinch.
Hon of inlnoB.     Nothing hnn nn yet j    "Vou  cry, Team!   J'en..*.!.   T'oncof
-it-iiv. i .-ut joii wont' hnve nny ponco no lotiR
W'.v.   Cii) We Oi? ,.t>. iiit* dialt'.i'in..-, .if«j ui (in; I'l.uuin of u
Now (-oni'-s Dw ijijeflllon: Whnt cnn jf -,.■ men.    Ud the owner of the mac-
we do? 'Moo put,* Dw mpn who runs It fl"0
Thero nro n number or thtiiRfl wo j for every fn worth the machlno pro*
"im  do.     Wn ei.ii  __ulu.prll.i_.  io  Dw di.ieen,      Poon  the owner  linn  more
rorldns, nnd Rendu hlm out to "reform" In gront stylo, Money Is no
object, you know.
And Hoofiovolt, who' fallened on
llio Ilnriimnn pelf, nnd for yenrn fed
nt the Wnll Street erlh, I* pmolnlmlnp.
hlniBpIf tho loader of (his* unrent, of
lho  i'IhIiik  lido  of  revolution.
Thin •""■towIiir Hplrlt of revolt needs
to ho foil, A froo press In tho beRl
fond for revolution. Ro tho Kin.:
himself, Nniporor Morgan, buys off
all Ihu mngm-liKis nud he will food tho
peoplo, lie wllI'dovlHo reforms, Tlo
will glvo them tho food whleh strtiir-
kIIiik rehclH noeil to koep lliolr body
| Fernie Dairy
clolivercd to all
pnrts of tlio town
The Hotel of Fernie
-U-nio's Loading Coniinei'ciiil.
'*   and Tourist House-
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Chartered Accountant, Assignee,' Llq '
uldator and Trustee; auditor tc
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
P. O.  Box 308
Sanders & Verhaest  Brothers.
V*.*-******^**-*-*^**. 4><y o
to  run i nitinl.   pnlpniipi],     Their* clothing IrIiiik! Hplrlt. froHh, nml litioyant,    anil
-"-buddy, Tliolr homos nro nbout ni
poinfortiible nti a roost, while thn
rpniH for thoso roosts nr« oxhorhltnnt.
Wlion theso workingmen rhooso to
strike, tn protest, they nro promptly
sat down In n corner hy somo Judge,
or hy the police, nnd lold lo he good,
nnolher thnl ho fools j and ho (pilot or thoy will got li spank*
j Ing on a grand scat*.
Now, tho hrend In n;lullorntoil for
profit. The meat Is poisoned In cold
t_'o...h.-. *tii.*' •■iii-jrv.irte, (oi pi*..'...
The cloths from  which your   over-
Of courso, no more thnn tho dovll
cnn Id bocomo a monk, no more
can Porklns become n Karl Mnrx nud
HuhBlltuto Rllh theories of profit sharing for tho nholltlon of  profit.
Nor cnn Itoosnvelt become a londor
of rohels ngninst tho crib which foil
hlm-—ngninst Wnll Street nny more
llinn   T rtiilct  WT  eould  lioeonin  n   Ilo-
Nor pnn Morgnn becomo lho hand
thnt will feed tho popular mini) once
Lizard Local General Toairistors No.
141. Moots every Friday night nt
S p. in. Minors' union hall. .1.
Jackson, 1'rosldont; lii, Mnrsham,
Recording Socrotary.
Bartenders' Local No, 514: Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays nt 2,30 p.m. Socrotnry .1, A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotol,
rout h* nindp la nhoddy for profit.    . .    _,
All profits, llko all waters .flow Into th" ' T °',™voUM,en',» UI.
the sen known ns Wnll Street. ' ' ,1nt   l,,en   ,h°  n,tompt
In    Itsolf
f WTi'il n "oi nt fn*nl.,|iirn'   Wlmt *hr*lT/>TI-
..v..vi   _ .i..m.    v.„.-v,.;,..„,      .'    ..-., ,..i,-.ii in. ...ii virc,' in  wpiiiiiur-f.      .noj    n in nK.iiiihi um .in-i-tii.iffimii*, i>r-i ■
men nnd chlldron who Imv*! lost tho j wnrklngnmn can't buy It hack wlthinnny oftho Wnll Stroet dynnsty thnt |ncs,"' w,int n^dncl•■''•
family hrond-winnpr.     Their voiceless | hlf, y>j,n, nnd tho owner must, find nilho American pooplo nro now begin-1    , n,fi0 ■f",°ln»c,B of °»' "ro ""J'
Ono for e_eh .very(hy ullment
ml«*ry of soul wo rnn do little to nlle*; foreign market.    That Is why ho hnvo J Ins to rebel,
vlntp. hut wo cnn snvo them from the great florin.     Wr business Is puttlnA'j    It Is iignlnst tho tyranny of profit
lidded burden of poverty. jttio rmilons at each other's thronls. I that thoy nro now plnnnlng ft war, nn
.■.nn'li'T tiling we pun do I.i re mom-     "Mnnv nre rnnifiify our way bornnftoUnvnnlnn
her the iiIkac figurps nnd If any till!, ihey can't help It.     Kven tho opposl-j    And what hnppons?
I*. l,i-'.iu'iif l.otnro I'.-irll.'imeiif in ).<-w...i  tino ndiolin thnl S'fK-lnll.tm Is eomhifT;    ^'•'•ij', tho nM, oh! .-iforj*:     The devil
ihf d'ui'icr In tho wines, e\ci. ir li  The  whole  Icndawy  ot hiislness  Is i wnn shk. Um devil a mon!; would ho,
tncniiH a stlght illmunltlnn   nt   xlwo towards romhlntitlnii, toward  cllmln-j    Wall street tc0\*. tho rl«ln**t tldo ot
t.'i.l.uou.miii  profits,  w« «nn  do our ntlng all tho whmc nml unrjeenssnry popular  (llt-omtpnl  nml  Wnll  Stroot
lit Mt to force Parllrtmcnt to o-mih x\nt o\\,en*o ot cotntH-iltlim.     Mr. norko*-* refofiner Mould b_(
IHH. ttV.^r hfts ww* *r.-o-s-Klj Xo ftt- ahr-m\.\    The   K'.i.r.  !.lirii.r!f—-3.    ritr**vftTil—
l.nsMv. wp rnn pny rof>w*ti in tho  1 nm nnt ndmlrlnp hlm or rnndom
nilcs compared to tho giant bluffers
of today-—thn Wall Street roformors
nnd Hposovclt Socialists.
Wonder how Ihey will look In his*
tory'-N, Y, Call.
Glndatone Local No. 2314 (J. M. W. A.
Moots Snd-and -till Thursday Minora
>•*••• i      ni ."A     ii it
_h> _*-.>**-_/••   t*-,ee» 4/a   <»*v-..>|   iiv    •
Typographical Union No. 555' Meets
last Saturday In each month at the
Ledger Office, A, J, llucklcy, Secretary,
H. H. Depew
P, O. BOX 423,
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal §
,    for Sale f?
Goorgo Barton    Phono 78 Jjj
*<• i
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P. of C. Meets
In Minors Union Hall evory Sunday
nt 7.45 p.m. Kvorybody welcome. D,
Paton, Hecrolnry-TrenBurer.
Dr. dc Van's Female Pills
A rtlutil* French iceuUtormecer (till. Tlirie
puis eta exctwjjinj.lv poweilul In rttfulitlns* XI,*
i_rnrr»llve ixKtli.n ol tli* tcnult* nvtlem. Htluie
ail ctifap ttnlttilon*. Dr, it* Vem'e ate anhi at
*5s. lm*. or ititrn In llll. Miittnl M »nr «rld,'(-it.
~   '   -  --        ■-     „t,fmlairlinii.Ont.
n-fpartH with hit hndy (nttird. floorr* W, I Pnr a.ile nt   Rlenidell'a   timn  Sfont,
Amalgamated Society Carpenters  and
Joiners:—Meet In Miners Hall evory
uluimulu Thuiiiday at & o'clock. A.
Ward, socrotary. p, O, S07.
United Broth.rhood of Carpenters and
Joiner*.—I-ocal 1220. 1). J. Evans,
President; F. li. Shaw. Secretary.
£ <B5!* I N G E R
WM.     BARTON  V.
Afrent   Vernle   nrnneh    ,'.
t Pellatt    Ave.    Korth \',
I- -it
■_-.«■ ,'i
■ m
■>■ H
:' _
■'A '£A-
I The Week's News for §
,«.;       Our Foreign Brothers \
^  * * * A
♦ .. UPOZORNENIA        ..-.,♦
.V statuom sudobnom dome ♦
vdbivanom   v   Pondelek  dna* ♦
16hi Januara , 1911,   Pompei ♦
Cheilli bol dosnani o krades ♦
miner v Coal Creek a odsu- ♦
deni na 3 mesace zalaru'tvidy ♦
prace. ♦
1 AVVISO      .
Nella corte provinciale dl
Fernie ,Gennaio 16, 191-1,; fu
arrestato Pompei Cheilli, per
il latronigglo del carrl del
mlnatorl,' a No. 5 e No. 1
Nordo. mlna, Coal Creek. II
quale fu condannato a tre
mesi dl lavoro forsato.
♦ In the Provincial Court held ♦
♦ at Pernie on Monday, Jan. 16, ♦
♦ 1911, Pompei Cheilll was con- ♦
<► vlcted of the theft of miners' ♦
♦ cars at No. 5 and No. 1 north ♦
♦ mines, Coal Creek,, and sen- ♦
♦ tenced.to three months' Imprl- ♦
♦ sonment with hard labor. ♦
♦ Crow'*;   Nest   Pass  Coal   Co, ♦
♦ ♦
Pardee-Wehster Coal Co., poseduje
-tirl.premogokope v Cambria County,
Penna, .enajst milj lzto-.no od John-
stowna. Ta druzba .skrbi '/.a svoje
delavce zelo "o£etovsko.',' Preskrbl-
, juje jim stanovanje, 2ive2, gorlvo In
* sploh vse, kar rabijo in kar ne rabijo
—Se  celo  za "ve-rske  dolJnosti" jiiu
■ dobro skrbi. Za vse te stvari se dm?.-
bn. naplaCa jednostavno s tern da premogarjem pritrga pri plafii. Nnravno,
delavci se niorajo brezpogojno lulati
v tak .fevdalteem, drugaCc ni dea za
Tukaj sledi i/.kaz plaCe in n*-*pi--ts
tovoljnih izdatkov nekega premogarja,
• kakrSnega je1 nedavno tega prejcl pd
Ivompanije v obliki obi5ajnega "state-
menta" na placilni dan:
Dovotedenska plaCa ...
zdravnik  , .*	
olje In smodnlk   	
kovaCu ■	
rent od hise  .-7
elektr razsvetjava '..'.
premog  ..,
sola .(katollska)  	
unlja  ,
0 "-     . ■    9.81
$ .50
.    .22
Barnum, waar dat er elke minuut een
auiger' wordt geboren.' ' Wij' hebben
blauwboekjes - g'elezen gedrukt in aan-
plakborden stijl omtrent ruimte Toor
Willivenen In .Canada. .. 'bit is waar
genoeg, maar? Wat is ruimte voor
een man zonder geld en niet in staat
om werk te verkrijgen. Het, is waar
dat de toestand In Europa, is van dien
aard dat velen denken slechter, kan
het niet wezen, maar dezen zouden
verdriet en ongemak gespaard worden
als zlj alles eerst rljpelijk overdach-
Wlj denken niet dat landverhui
zing wll vermindereu, niet tegen
staande wat er over wordt geschreven,
niet te min, in. den zelfden tijd,
mag het een waarschuwing zijn voor
onwetenen wanneer zlj de waarheld
gedrukt{zlen. Het is'meer dan 23
jaar geleden dat de' schrijver ult
Liverpool vertrok, en hij kan met
waarheld zeggen dat hij, van het
gezlclit punt eener loon arbelder bo
sehourod, met dit wereld deel meer
Isingenomen dan met eenlg nnder
land. Abaar* gezlen en odervonden
hebbencle tegenslagen welke niet een
kloln beetje onderzoek vermeden liad-
den* morgen 'worden, beweegt hem
deze ■ waarschuwing voor anderen te
schrijven. Wlj hebben kunstenaars
In* hun vak ontmoet, werkende voor
het laagste loon In debosschen, alleen
omdat zlj niet zoo verstandlg geweest
waron inlicliligen in te winnen -■ voor
zij liunno kaarten nanien.' Het ver-
schll in wedergestcldkeid kbmt' nu in
aanmorking, daar er veel werk Is, al-
hoewcl good . betaald in overeen-
komst met anderc landeli, slechts een
gedeelte van het yaar open is. De
(luurte van lovon moot miet overgez*
len worden, daar alhoewel, de loonen
bokend gemaakt in nnder geld ecu
werkman doen "water tanden, de uit-
gaven zullen hem niet minder doen
schrlkken, en de allljd wakkere agen-
ten beantwoorden deze vragen alleen
met een ophaling der.-srhouders. Op
dit vogenblik is er niet de minstc
behoeftc aan werkvolk, het Is waar
dat met April de aanleg van sporwe-
gen, een aanvang neemt maar zij die
zich met groote moeete dc'9r de winter hebben geholpen zijn voldvcnde.
om deze plaatsen te vorvullen.
Jemand met een paar duizend gulden,
en daarvoor een stuk land wll koopcn,
en een paar Jaar hard' wll -worker*^
Le comite affirme que. les hommes
pour la Russie.     *""    :-r
d'Etats sont bien convaincus que -le
Japon ne peut pas continuer a etre nuo
grande puissance, a moins qu'il ne pbs-
- it ■
sede'd'une maniere absolue la suprd-
Pacifique. suprematie   indispensable a
sa prospente commerciale. .      '     •>
Cedfisir est la suite logiqiie des efforts du Japon pour commander le marche chinois.,
Le Japon sait qu'il ne possede pas
les enormes ressources financieres non
plus que Teffieacite technique • commerciale des Americains.  •/
Ainsi, d'apres le comity, le but du
Japon est de priver. les. Etats-Unis de
ses bases sur le Pacifique avant que
la flotte AmSricaine ait une force telle
que le Japon ne pourralt' plus l'atteln-
dre, done, avant l'achevement du canal de Panama. ,
-II est clair qu'en s'emparant' des
Philippines, - d'Hawai, et de la partie
Am.ricaino de'Samoa, aussi bien que
de Guam, le Japon se crtSe un avan-
tage permanent' et inattaquable.
La flotte Amerlcaine, lo plus puissah-
te que l'on pourralt lmaglner nc serait d'aucun secours dans un champ
d'operation aussi vaste que l'ocean Pacifique sur ces' bases avanc.es et ainsi
en s'en emparnt, le Japon serait ah-
solument en sdcurlt.6 contre une atta-
que des AmtSricains. ''
Cette conquete rendralt -le*- Japon
maitre. du Pacifique. , *
. Le comte ajoute qu'il n'y a-pas de
doute que le Japon est nctuellement
cn position de se.,saish** de ces iles,
parce qu'elles ne sont pas fortifiees et
qu'il est impossible ,a la flotte Amdri-
calrie de les proteger d'une maniere
efficace. '
On peut done s'attendre, sous peu,
a un branle-bas de combat ducotd des
Nippons— lie Devoir.
Preostanek  ?10.14
Poleg tega pa mora vsak premogar
§e kupltl v kompanljskl prodajalnl
obleko; Zive?., orodjo za delo v jami in
druge potrebgeine vsled Cesar so preostanek od placo Se za polovlco skrcK
J5a premog mora plafiatl vsak delavec
*|1.S5 na dva tedna, Ce ga ?.e potrebuje
nil ne. Ravno tnko morn vsak plaCatl
popa, Ce ga ?.e rabl all nc.
Ako ni to su?,nost, potom sploh ne
voiiio, knj pomenl besoda. su?.nost,—
Kormer* Premier ■ of Ontario In , Historic Address Before the Toronto
Board of* Trade Gives His Reasons'
for Maintaining the Present Tariff
—Phenomenal Growth of Industries Would End.
In a speech eloquent, logical and
comprehensive, Sir Geo..W. Ross discussed the question of reciprocity
before-a largely attended meeting of
tlie Board of Trade in Toronto recently. "The' negotiation of a reciprocity treaty with the United
States," he said, "has been a somewhat ' familiar subject to Canadians
for two generations. Ever since the
rcpeul of the treaty of 1854,"over forty
years ngo, it lias been frequently
discussed on both sides of the line."
After discussing the political effect
oh Canada of reciprocity, Sir George
look up the economic problem, He
A Poor Bargain.
, .VBut, assuming that bona fide' proposals for reciprocity are to be submitted, let me mention a few considerations that require the most careful' attention.
(1) We must, not forget that the
mere* exchange of certain articles
may involve n great deal more than
appears on the surface, For example—-to abolish, the duty on wheat on
both sides of the line looks fair, hut
to-accept an offfi* of that kind pure
and simple would, in my opinion, be
a ..poor bar-win for Canada. 1 'believe that the longer the American
tariff of 2o cents "a bushel on Can*
iidiitn wheat is maintained the better
for us. Canadian wheat hns now n
distinct place in the British murk *t.
If tlie' market of the United State-
were freolv o*>**ri'"*d it would I*;- impossible' to m: :*"tain its identity in
passing' through Jmerican elevators,
and Canada would be the loser to the
extent of any reduction" in price.
"A similar observation will aprd.*,*
to    flour.     Manitoba    (ldur    usually
Do vrnag of lnndverhulzlng is nan
of nf to radon Is y.eor niocijolljk to
hontwoorden. Wnnneer do betrokken
pcrsoou voor uli/.ichf hceft van een
goodo hclrkklng, dan Is hot nlleon do
vrimg of hij do zolfdo nanr gonoo-,
gen kan volgrongou, Ten Iwecdo
Is hot lung niet -y.el.Gi* dat do werkman mot het work tn vreilen Ib, Eon
hiiiuhvcrksninn of nrtlsl kan altljd
(do laal ninchtlg zymlo) door inlddol
•/IJiipr vak vorconlglng Inllchtlngcii
vcrkrljgop wanr do besto knns van
,i Hlaifon Is, diinrdoor tljd en gold win-
nondo, Met zoo heol Inng Boloden
hohhon wlj miiiiiion ontnivot wolVo
door gehrek ann geld genvo.dziuikt
wnron, werk nnn (o nomon
wanr zlj ,nlot hot inhiHto voratnnd van
hnddcii, lmdtloii zlj daar en tenon
hun viikvorcoiiiglng gornm! plongd -/lj
Knuilcn In stunt zijn goweost work In
hun vnk to verkrljg(>n, Uo Iniidvor*
IiuIzIhk iigcnti'ii In liun Ijvor om gold
lo vordloncii nuikon or geon hozwiiiir
in nm hun niiiiRlnnnilo sliicliloffers
do iiiooIhIo Hchllilcrliigon voor to linn-
Kon. Kn do iiiiiiiicr In wolko sslj tilt
doen inniikt do woorden  vim  V. T,
Keefreen goede _ans omTn 2,1 jn levens
onderhbud te voorzlen, en mag ln slaat
wezen* nog wat overtehouderi. Maar
dezen Is het ook"sterk aan te raden
inllchtingen in to winnen, daar zij
anders heel licht in handen van land
havien, vervallen, welke hun de
schoonste zljde voorhouden, en er
noort over spreken, dat dik\.'ijls een
Zomer Nacht vorst het werk van maunder bederft, Wat do* koolmijnlng
betreft wlj kuhnen zeggep dat In Nova
Scotia Ilouderden zonder werk r.Ijn,
en de werkstnklng wolko In Augustus,
1909, begon nog niet ls gei-mdlgd. In
Alborta Is in hot gehcbl goon gebrok
nan mljners, en in hot Ooston van
British Columbia wordon volo dagen
iiiot' geworkl, on, do wcrkzockondon
komon nan en ann. Wlj hebben fcet-
rliclit do wnnrheld lb schryvon, in eon
eenvoudigo ninnior, * zonder vnlscho
voorstelllngen, niet om land vorhulzlng
to vormlndcren, mnnr alleo*. om liun
welke or iiniidonken om nunr Canada
lo komon,, mot do* looslniule.'i bokond
lo mnkon, zoodat'zlj rljpollljk niogon
ovordciikcn wolko kanzeu or .".IJn Jn
tilt godcolto tier wereld om fortuln to
D'apres   un    Expert    Allomand,   les
Japonnls env lendralent bientot aux
Prises Aves les Etats-Unis.
I1KRLIN. Mnr. KI.—Los prdvlRlons
sont dos plus pessimist pa ou co cnl
cnnrni'tio la pnlv du niondn n**, purlieu-
lloi'onionl. los rolutloiiB entre lo Japon
Ct   IOS   I'.llltB-UlllH.
Ui comto von Ilovontlow, lo finuoux
(.'crlviiln nlloninnd, public on co moment, uno ('*tiido trim upprofomlio sur
cotto (.iK'Htlnn, Cotto critlqiio,* vu la
rPputntlon do rcxpurt, ipii'ii hi: uninu
II oi'l hora do doiito quo lo Japon
no pr-'iHii*-"- a la itiicrio ron I ro Iim Ktuts-
Uuls, avec iiiltuilt do solii qu'll I'n fnlt
List of Locals District 18
21 ItS
Corrected by District flier otnrt up to Novninlior 19, 1010.
Ilankhend ....   l-\ Whcatley, Bnrikhcml Altn,
llonvor CrMlf   ..   P.  flniU'tltrtn   IlPtlvnv CrooXr   vti  Vl-ni-h**"'.
llollnvun     ,T, .Invito, Itollcvup, ■frnnk. \\1:\.
Hlnlrmoro  .Tamps Turnbu 11, ninlnnnro. Alberta.
"The terrific sweep of industrialism
across this land throughout the past
half century appeals to me as I study
it from records written and unwritten.
I'cannot go down through the crowded tenement sections of oiir great
cities without,having it borne upon nie
that we" as a nation pay a fearful
price in human blood, and tears for
our industrial triumphs. I cannot see
the poverty even the degradation* of
the wives and children of the wage
working class in many cities, and
even in. many rural districts without
being visited liy thedevastaling* thought
that surely, if the principle of the
thing be necessary_and_right._there,
must be, fearful error's somewhere * in
the application of the principle.
"It cannot be for long. We in
America are moving fast towards social revolution. Conflicts between
Labor and Capital are assuming the
proportions of civil war The once
powerful, middle ■ class, which Is the
safety of every nation, Is to-day weak
and is every day' declining. Soon,
politically, it will bo a'memory, and
tho battlefield will be cleared for conflict."
"To-day we aro studying the sources
of our' wealth, finding out for ourselves tho real prico paid byjiumnnlly
to givo us tho privileges of the social
lifo which wo ond"our fathers hnvo
enjoyed. Excited by curiosity wo go
down to inspect tho mines our fathers
left to us. Wo waicli tho mon at
work;, niero pitiful animals, risking j
their lives In terrible endeavors for
a meagre wage, that we, tho heirs
of tlmo and eternity, may tnko our
leisure In lho palaces of wealth. In
tho mills of Pittsburg,wo watch the
workers In iron and stool, lolling In
tlio whito hot blast of tho furnaces
tlmt wo, who nover hnvo tolled, may
drnw our dividends and spond thorn on
tho luxuries we lovo."
"I hnvo rIiowii how tho scod of our
social systom which has reached Its
flno flower lh tho Idle rich wns planted ln tho too fertile soli of Amorlcnn
Industry. I turn with soinothliiB'lIko
dismay to tho methods of culture of
this growth. For It, ls wittered with
llio bloody hwuiii,' oi' lnbor nud tlio
siilt tpnrs nf bitter poverty und suffering, nud It is fertilized wllh tlio deml
bodies of mnn nnd women out worn In
tho grim bnttlo of lift**. Tended nnd
watched lt Is hy n foul hoi'do of under-
llngH, hired judges lu lho law, piiiiilors
In politics, llnio-Horvoi'H In thn pulpll,
lickspittles in college cliiincolloilpH,
•IimIuhoh Iii thc pross, bhickinnllprs In
IiuhIiiphr nud mlsprublc, fiiwnlng pnrii*
silos clinging Hko filthy leecho-i upon
lho ndnilnlMtrnllvo bodies of the nn*
l Kd.*--The nbovo o.'; tin (In nil* lint
"tlie li*rp«|inii*t|hlp (It'iunguglo mouth-
lugs of n firebrand," as tho cupltall.slle
crilhF. delight to dub llio sppcchoH
of HoelnllHt orntors, NVIfhor .1. II.
Ilnwlliornthwnli, Pin-kor WilllnniH nor
10. T, KhiKsley tan lny clnlm to *heiu.
•iv*.*-. Ha .,'.'- ..,„:. .  v,f
brings a,higher price on Mark Lon»
tlmn any American brand, Who
could vouch for the genuineness of
this brand if American wheat, moved
freely across the border? The poorer
qualities on tho south sido of tho line
would be fortified by the products of
Canadian mills, and* the better qualities on the nortli side would be deteriorated by mixture from tho south
Such an intorchaiure would be throwing, away nil the advantages wo possess from lhe grent wheat belt of
Manitoba nnd the west.
Canadian Choose Pro-eminent.
"In the sain'* wny Canadian chnPS",
after yenrs of experiment and liti-jo
expenditure of money, hns drivn
Ain-'ricnii cheesi.1 out of the British
market. How could this pre-eminence lie preserved if Ciinncliiiii cheese
passed llirough the hands of Am**ri-
onii" shippers over the border? We
hiivii, therefore, to consider not the
Iirst profit, if profit thero lie, hut tho
uhimiilp effect upon un industry
wliich yields us nnnuiilly about -$.10,-
000,000, Tlio ndvnnco of a few conts
in price in exceptional conditions of
the market should not dominate tho
general effect on the* largo aspect of
tho question and tho business Interests of nil lho cheeso factories of
"Tho question of our lumbering industry has also its futuro aspect.. No
doubt thn admission of lumber into
llio American market frco of duty
would enhance tho vnluo of lumber
and probably tho vnluo of nil stand-
ing ninrkotiihl-v limber in Cnnndn.
Hut tho personal interests of the
hunhcrmon aro not to ho nlono considered. One of the greatest que*--
tions now before tho peoplo of Can-
iidn Ir bow lo conserve their forests,
Mr, Clifford Sifton, clioinnun of thc
Coiiiinlshltiii of Natural Hesoiirces,
Hpi'iildmr before tlie Umpire Club on
lho 'JOtli inst., snidi 'At tlio end of
twenty yenrs the Uniled Slntes would
lmvo no tinihcr fur mile in tho ordin*
nry wny. In (.'iiiukIii tin supply
xvnn In nre, hut if tint hiipply In the
United Ftntes nm out, tho supply in
Cnnndn would Inst the United f.titles
for only hcvi-ii yenrs. Thu time must
cmiie, however, when tho peoplo of
Ciiiiiidn wmilil di'iiiitud legislnliou
prriliibltiii-j* the export of mnrkoliihlo
timber.' This Is the national view,
mid thc only view which will do jus-
tie.- to ('unii....ui Interests, Cnn this
vii'W he iniiiiiliiined under n treaty?
"In If-ftd, when tlm old treaty wna
reiieiiled, we were pour in hanking
•'n-'itiil   in  skill'-d  labor, in ngriciil*
when the United States in 1866 flung
onr poverty in our faces and told us
oiir only choice was starvation or annexation. .It is said that the fabled
wrestler Anteaus. whom Hercules
sought to. crush, sprang to his feet
whenever his shoulders touched the
.earth. We touched the earth in 1866,
hut. like Anteaus, we sprang to our
feet, and by our unaided strength we
have made the name of. Canada grjat
among'the nations of the world. aridi
so Hercules now wonders if it would'
not be better for him to pour a libation at our feet than wrestle with us
in the commercial amphitheatre, of
.this country.
- Growth of Manufactures.
"Nor does it appear to mc to be
* necessary that we should worry ourselves* much over reciprocity in
manufactures. The secretary of the
Manufacturers' Association said that
only three per cent, of the imports
of the-United States from Canada
consisted of manufactured goods. If
the Americans,want more of the excellent products of our factories let
them reduce their tariff, and 1 have
no doubt many of them will be glad
to wear our cotton and our woollen
, goods. Hut even in spite of our exclusion froin the United States our
factories have prospered. *
United States as a Market.
"Rut suppose the markets of the
United States were thrown open to
us.-would that not-greatly enhance
our prosperity? The Unitod States
lie along our border for 4^X30 miles,
with a population of ninety millions.
If you have anything to sell, there is
an unlimited market for us—why not
let us enjoy it? This is a fascinat-ru;
picture, but thero is another side to
it. The boundary is just as long'for
the Americans as for the Canadians,
and a reciprocity treaty that opened
one side of the line would also open
the other. While our seven million:*:
were getting into the Anierican<-m-ir-
kpts with our merchandise the Am-
■rican ninety millions were petting
into Canada, and the home market
always the best; where not chitted
with goods, would be" rendered practically valueless. The fruit-grower
would find American fruit in the
markejj before him, and everywhere
so abundant that his trade would l>»
ruined. The flour merchant, the seed
merchnnt, the dealer in provisions
such as bacon, butter and cheese
would be similarly situated, and any
occasional sale that he could make
in the United States would he poor
compensation for the losses incurred
on account of the surfeit of the home
market by American goods,
"But in a still larger sense Canadians  would  stand to  lose  from the
opening   of, the American   markets
and that is very clearly put by Sena-
"tor.,Beveridge in   a   speech   recently
delivered on   reciprocity,    He* says-
,'There must be reciprocity with ,C<*tn-*
ada.    Our tariff with the rest of the
world does not apply to our northern
neighbor.    That  policy .already   has
driven       American     ' manufacturers
across the   Canadian   borders,   built
vast   plants   with   American   capital
on   Canadian   soil, employing Canadian   workingmen   to   supply   trade.
That capital should be kept at home
supply Canadian demand.'
* "Here we have another statement,
-' this time from a distinguished Senator,  as to the effect of our present
commercial relations with the United
States   which   President  Taft   is   so
anxious to change. Senator Beveridge
says:     'The    American    tariff    has
driven      American      manufacturers
across   the   Canadian   border,   built
vast plants with American capital on
Canadian soil,' and so on.   Well, suppose   it   has,   and we arc   told   that
American capital   to   the   extent   of
S225.000.000   has   been   invested    in
Canada is that a condition that we
should, seek to change?   Tf the Americans chango it of their own motion we cannot help It, but surely wc-
should   not    encourage   negotiations
which would prevent the investment
of capital from any quarter in Canada.   If   there is anything   we   need
it is   capital for  our industries   nnd
farms and mines and fuctories,   Hut
notice another observation of the distinguished Senator.   Ilo says:   'That
capital should be  kept   nt   home  to
employ American workmen to supply
Canadian demand.'   Well, let mc tell [
Senator Hi'vuridgo tliat some time iigo j
we   allowed   American   workmen   to j
supply Canadian demand,   but if  he ',
ever   hopes   that  this   will   happen !
iiu'iiin, then 1 very much mistake the
Ciiiiiidiun sentiment of   to-day.   Americans   now   supply   us   with   nbout
,«**,«0,000,000  of    miinufnctnred   goods,
l^vcii that   is, too much, hut   to   in*
crenso it  ns  Senator Hnveridgo  proposes would be treason to Cuniuiiiin
industries,, tho very thought of whicli
makes   one   shrink   from   thc   con.
sequences. "  "
Relations With  Mothor Country,
"Next let us consider the effeet
which reciprocity might hnvo upon
our hiiHiiu^s relations with the ninth.
anticipate any favors, such as a preference over foreign traders, it is in
the British market that' these favors
are most likely to be obtained; we
certainly would not look for them
in the markets of tlie United States.
One thing is certain, we cannot have
reciprocity in wheat and British preference at the same time...
What British Capital Is Doing.
"Then, again, the   British   market
has always been   our   base   of   supplies   for   every   large   national   and
the conditions of tho working class
one jot nor" one tittle, A reduction
in the cost of living will by no means
havo any appreciable effect upon the
law of supply and demand of labor
power, the only' corn mod ity which the
wage worker is compelled to dispose
of in order to live. If Free Trade was
the panacea for all ills the workers of
Great Britain would be revelling in
an era of prosperity which  they de-
industrial  undertaking.    It was with j oidedly are not; on tlicother-hand if
British capital that we built our rail-   Protection guaranteed to every work-
ways   and  dug   our canals     Nearly b iiveiihood. distress and un-
every large  municipal  work in Can-        -   * ,,
ada wns carried out by loans* in Lon- J employment would not be rampant in
don. Hriti?h capital is now building
two transcontinental railways. It
lights our streets." lays down our
sew»rs* builds our waterworks and
carries us from continent to continent. In the last five years, according
to Tlie Monetary. Times, the sum of
?G05,453,S5G has been invested, in
Canada, ot which $97,500.000 has
been invested in enterprises lor the
development of the country. Mr.
Parish, ,nr» eminent London ■ authority on finance, snvs that Canada has
absorbed ' ESOO.OOO.OOO^ of British
"In considering further investments would the capitalists be more
likely to decide for Canada if our
trade were directed to the United
States? for that is what reciprocity
means. J ust-now the current is with
us. If we proceed with tlie construction of the Georgian Bay Canal and
the Hudson Buy Railway and the
enlargement of the Welland Canal,
not to say a variety of smaller enterprises, we;will need two „or three
hundred millions in the next few
years. Where are they, to come fr«nm?
Certainly not from the United States.
Capital is sensitive.. Let us not give
to it a jolt, in this important stage of
national' development.   .-
Effects on National Autonomy.,
"Reciprocity would not help our
national autonomy. A treaty means
.-in obligation, and an obligation is
-object to interpretation. The Washington Treaty contained several obligations. One was the free admission of fish into the United States.
Interpreted, it still meant free fish,
but not the-packages in which tliey
were put'un.' The Washington treaty
allowed the use of certain American
canal? in, exchange for the free use
of Canadian canals. Interpreted it
meant that the vessels or barges
eould pass only if they were unloaded
when" tliey entered American territory. Under u reciprocity tr.eat*- the
two countries will no doubt undertake certain' obligations which, pos-
• sibly. when they come to be interacted may not mean "what ' either,-
nnrty understood them to mean. ' But
the obligation- will continue during
the' life of tiie treaty,, to the annoy-
'inee oi one or' both parties.
"For my' part 1 do not want to see
any act of the Canadian people, sub-
."ct to,interpretation at Washington.
Only once in 100 years did we* get
full justice in the interpretation of
treaties affecting Canada, and that
was before The Hague Tribunal ,a
month ago.    Our   tariff   act   is now
the  nited   States. \v__ges  are   * feo-
verned largely by tlio cost of living
and' the Intensity of competition in
the labor market.
Rescuing These Stray "Sticks"
Is Perilous Work.
plaint from.the United States or anywhere else is settled by Canadian,officers, flight or wrong we are' our
own masters. This would not be the
case under a treaty. If we differed
from the United States authorities
what redress had wc? Perhaps we
eould call out the Canadiun navy.
(Laughter.) . We might withdraw
from the treaty, but ,that would
menn irritation and possibly international'good-will. And now where
doos my argument lead? Evidently
to this conclusion: that Canada does
not stand in any grent need of a
reciprocity treaty with the ..United
Leave Well Alone.
' "Let us not wnnt to he better unless we nre sure of the effects of the
medicine. Wo nre froo from entan-
'.'lements with _ho United States, We
ennnot ho embarrassed liy nnv
'imendmr-nts we mako in our tariff,
nr if we nro we enn niter it ourselves.
A I rent y we, ennnot niter. We havtt
tuken the duty off binder twine and
hnrlied wire and corn, nnd we hnve
•riven the Americans a free ]isi of
■Mods und. r which they sold us lust
rear ,?7!).*l7I.OfiO worth "'of ni'-rehim-
■list* on which there wns no duty, If
thev nre anxious for better irndi* re-
'eiions with' Cnnndn, let them new
'i'te through their own Cnncro-'s at
Wiishingt'ui. nnd reduce their tariff
ih it may suit them, nnd let us re-
"ijirocnie, if we deem it expedient,
ihrnii..h the I'nrl'iimont of Cnnndn.
"Theirs is the first move on tlio
-"'iiniit'i'oiiil .chessboard. We -"vo
fin-lit Britain n preference without
j 'my 11only or even negoliiitlons; why
I -'.li'-uld w't.'trent tho Aiiierienn? with
t'l'eiitei- foMiuility? At the snme time,
let us receive their representative*,
with the utmost courtesy, They hiivn
proposnl:** to innke, we wnnt lo know
whnt tliey are,   They should he iniidn
How These Mariners' Guides Are Anchored and How Tliey Scmetimet
Break Away and Arc Hunted Down
by the' LigMhouss Gervice Tenders.
When the winter gale, begin tu blow,
tlie tenders of the Ikt.thouse Kcrvl.c
turn iheir stems towaiil iioiiherii seas
to'hunt stray spar buoys. Of,all the
..work of the coast patrol this, perhaps,
Is the most exposed Ki danger' Pulling
these ■"signboards" om of Uie'sea or
putiiug tliem over sit!,' is like "yanking", spiles with n inn'derrick oii a
be:iviii_r platform.
AItliou-_.il passe:..■•.ors ,In the boats
that ply tin- water.; of New York harbor. Long Island soui.tl and other waterways ailing1 ihe coast see many
spar buoys, .they give them . little
thought. Wiih the ihiiii at lhe wheel
lt Is different. Color, shape and size
give him volumes of Information; and
he loV'ks upon the i.par buoy as an invaluable miide.
-In the government Inventories they
are listed as "sticks." although they
are sometimes si-ity fw;t long.   They
are anchored in the bwi of a river or '
harbor channel, their "up ends" palnt-
od in such a way as to liidit-ale to the
observer the forma I ion of Ilie bottom.
On the margin o_-*.'()Vi'i-iiment charts
-explanatory notes tell une that vessels
approaching  a   harbor from   the   sea
should   leave   red   buoys   with   even
numbers on the,right and.black, with
odd numbers on the loft side of channels.    Black and whito striped buoys,
the   stripes   running  |ii'i*pondicuIarly,
mean  an cbstru: lion In the cliannel,
"with" room* to get by "on either' side.
If balls or cages orii.nin.nl the "up
-euds5^—It—niuans- a—liiniiii*5t77pointT_th*B~
color and number Indicating tho course.
These sticks are put down with heavy
iron', anchors   and   sometimes   great
I stone weights. One would suppose tbat
so fixed lliey novel* could ^e\ away, but'
they do, and It 1_ a Jol) to find theni.
Ice floes break iheir ciiMeis iind sometimes' crush   ihe  i-tlcks;   storms   pull
them  louse, and  ships In  the fog .or
darkness foul thein and tear theiii from
their hnld on  lhe boiitiin.    Not. infrequently ships use thom ns moorings,
although this Is forbiddi'ii.'
There are instances, whore the anchors of a spar buoy luve been secure
enough to, hold against Ice pressure nnd
In n narrow i-h.-iiinc! causo a dnugerotis
jnin. Hut :-iicli ctises are fow, for
when .this hnppon.' Uio weight of tbe
lee usually Iipi*oii'p< so p-Lwt ns tn force
lhe buoy undor. nnd Hit'pack slides on.
If lho Ice pnek gets iimii'i' iho buoy
so ns to lift U there Is only ouo result —
;ho parting of lho culile. Thou off
ill arts the spur upon n Journey iiiuyb'.i
-jf lhou*aiids of miles, |ii"r!in;is of only
.mo or two, It mny fvieh up on tho
neiirosl sli'tfo. and It may drift to tln»
(•oust of Kiit'opo or Inlo dio southern
Fens. On ihe Irish eon.i indny 1st one
.vhleh traveled ihere Jn six weeks from
Xew Yuri; harbor. II was prescnti"*!
to iho r.t'liHi government by the United Slates nnd now Himls off the'cnnst
,in which It Hiopperi nfli'i* ils long Atlantic .Ion nicy.'
If It Is a h-iij.*- etiiKo to l'ud the stray ■'
buoys ll is even n nwfe illllh'ult int-k to
recover the nm-limi Iof| imblnd hy tins
ftirlthe fpnr-..   Ton'us Dim will out
ofthe lllll-lti'l* lia"» :i ('("'I'M. Illl'l tncklo
rigged In frmii of nie nl'nt hoii«p, with
n donkey eii'-li •■*• t , 11'I mid pull. T|i<1
lo**iiiIii|i of ovi-i— '■■fu- K marked on
the --h-irl!* p
ii.'i (U'Vi.
ho honrd  upon  them, i.'ml there thn
mnttor shrmM ro.it   until the   United \ hols' it nlio-ii'.'*
910   nurmls   ........ Willinm Ashton, Ilurmls, Altn.
1.178   Cnnmoro .
SUM   Colomnn   .
ninmoml City
.1. Noll, Cnnmoro, Alta.
W. t'rn Iiiiui, Column!!, Alln.
ti,   M.  lmvics,  t'ni'l'Oiit'iiilt',  Colomnn, Alta,
h. HiickliiH, Cnrdlff, Altn.
It. .lonoB, Corhln, II*. C.
Charles Oihnii, Diamond City,   Lctbrldge,
I). I.rcft, Kernle, II. C,
Frnnk  O. Nicol, Frrtnlc, Altn.
llosniP!*  .1. Ayio, Homnui-, U. C.
Hlllcrotst    , ^   i„ .Ioiiph, WHere***!. Altn.
Lcthbrldgo   Ii.    .Mooro,    J\0,    Uox    113,  Loth bridge.
Ulio  '.. W. li. _-_vni.fi, MUp, Frnnk. AUn!
Maplo Lett ..,. K. Hlicimnn, Mnplo hont, Hcllovuo,   Altn.
.Michel    M. Ittirn.ll. Michel, l». C.
rnssliiirg    Jan. Dnvls, rnsHlmnc. Albortn.
Sr-S'J   Royal Colllorlo*. Jamos McKlnloy. Ilojnl Colliery. Lothbildgi-. Alrn.
trt..   Tuber
W-i   Tnbor    ,.>
li   Monarch Mlno,  .
V.'UU,_in Uu-ftti-it, Tuber, Attn.
K. Jtrown, Taber, Altn.
11. W. Wntklns, Uicnn, Alia.
.  , ,....,     .    v..   . ,.      -.,*, ..r....,',.
Ktivors .'•rm'M'lt-Tnhl'e of the "oXiX ih.mi''"
nrntorlcnl style, but Instotnl of n Po*
clnllst who in roHpntiKlhle for ihuso
it Is ii moinlipr of Stw York's -lOu who
llko "Uwiiplnno"    lu    Victor    IIugo'H
"|U-   (lT-.lOl*   Of   II.fl    I* "   •--""     *    ''  ' '
liiiinaii iKji'icty iC'iiiblot* on tlio brink
of the  nby*-,*.  ami   feels  Impelled   to
sound lho try of wnrnlng.    Frederick
TowiihiiiiiI Mat (In, Is tho author at a
Hprlos of articles  printed  In  Hvcry*
body's  Mnga/ino  undor  llio  title of
Tho I'lii'sliiR of Iho Idlo lllch," nnd
ins tho writer Is himself nnn of that
i chins,  r-ont-f-qurntly   -.p.-nkfl   with   authority.    Wo lienrtlly recommend this
' v,ork to cur it-.-olers as H Is Iioiica-
j tlvo of thp ri-.nttrt>.'blp i-hnw.ox that
jni'ii inking plnco In the nilniis of rmmv
I who haie In retoforo rtew-r hnthoiPd
. i'1-.-i..h.'Iv**-.*. W|th "nrlnloglcnl |irobloni<*
tut today nro nwnkf nod tn the* fact flint
"Dw times arc out of Joint.")
■     ■■'  •  ' * "" "-  **  -■•"-»■",.
th-rt would hnve afforded roiiio ro.
Ii'-l, 1 inlay coin|ilioii» nro different—
I;,*■;' cut b"':'ti-.' lho r-'.|wni uf tlm
tr-'ii'v r.'i'inV'd every prop nn which
■ve htnl formerly l-iniPtl, niul the truo
ti'inpoi of the An-.ln-SiiKon spirit was
roii-ieil in iteti.iii. | think pr* counlrv
in   in.* untoi   itiiiifii,*-. n in'ttcr  Dins
or country.   I lonvo out of comu'den.. j    * ■--,•.       .f   ,y M1|1|n|,„,|
tion tho prestunp ion of ninny A.ner • j ,   P ir!i„m„nt,   ,,1I,,fl(, „,,,„-■„„ .hl,llM
cans that bitter trade relation.-, with '
the United Slab's might lend to p"*--
tion! 11u41.11. If thn United States sup-
plied lhe only mnrkot nvnilnble (ur
CnnniliaiiH n treaty might have some
polilienl effect, Hut wo arc not do*
pendent upon the United . liitos in
nny sense for our iniirki'ts, and if wo
iiinlio u treaty lt is to lm iis.suined
tlmt wo will give n quid pro quo for
nny fnvors wn receive. Cuiindlnn.s
Kiitely would not bn bribed by privileges for which tliey pnid. Ilut if
(mile nnd loyally nro to ho oon«idored
toucilior it is fhn 'mother country
ihnt bus the _!r*it clniin« upon u»,
lu the fnco of a duly of 2fi,7 per cent,
on nil the foodH wo sell to hor nlio
allown froo access to her market,
while the AiiioricnnR exact n duty of
forty-two per cont, lor n fliinilnr privilege. Tlm Mrlllth market Is nlso
u Ht'-iidy market nnd not fubjcctiiil
to   the   fliictuiitlnnn  of   the Chiciiuo
i' ....    _..,,,...,.„,     i.i    tu    tilt:    Hl.lOlplll.l-
lion of ■Jiioenliilori, Tt 1° it'll liable
to bo olosod ngninst us by the ex-
pii'ition _of any treaty or by tho
in:tnipulnti'>n of any truM, f?" Ion;;
ns the Itrttl-h Kmiilro onduros wo
rimy export tho Hrltmh market to ho
nrf*e*.*-ib!e lo U«. If wp hnvo nnv
I a vol"1 lo bestow thnt is llio market
cull to Ilml Hie i' -I". 0 |ios<il"ii     Tho
rorl.'iis  bcti    I'  i't;i....|i|"  f.,f  iMo
/ituhor nnd ••.rt-■»• ■■i"t"il|'*i.. wltli || (*i
tritli-m of imblic -.pirlt than Canada | with   the  ntronfe'cat claim, or If  we
Suites CotnrrosH hnd given it.- sane* ,
tion nud approval to the .iciinii of iU j
p'prosi'iii.itivos,    It   would   then   b."< *
the duty of the  I'lirliainciit  to tnkn ;
flmihir nctlon If iu tlu* puhllc inter*
e«t co to do-only  in  thin  wny  cnn
we pro-orvo perfect freedom from ihu ■
|ln-**ib|e    elilniigli'itielllS    l.f    ll   treaty   ,
which, no iiniiior how curofully (Iruft- *
ed, i** li'ible to bo mL-iimlerntood and ■
ful.-? itt - r |,ri-l• il.                     " ,
"An  inljti.-liiiont of tin* trndo rein- i
tlotH betwoeii  thn two eoiintrii.'K   by
the iiidopoiiiii'iH   |e|_;is|iition   of   both  '
rather tlmn by treaty in the only mifn
pourm*, iim it nffonlH publicity In tho
lind   iiiKtiinco  mid  ii'lmits of  perfect
froi-doiii of notion thereafter.   In tha *
iiieiinliiiie   let   t'liiimln   I'oiitiiiuu   to
Hi*?I  lier   ineroliaiidlso   wherever   .she  !
(Indi* n innihot, nnd, tiUhtini; in! thnt,,,'
i*f,,i,iii nr-. ,..|.i„i, t „.   , i     i-in  t ''
her liiirim with plenty nnd tnmle. her'1
lllrl . ll,i|iii>   pilll.'in   in   Uiu    mud,    lul
her ii.*t Iwiy-ud In r ir.-i'h* or her in-
d.-poiiiloiice for expectations that may
never be realized, nor place herself
under 'ib|e,.'ntionii that iiil^ht Interfere with  the fullest di.volopm-.nt ot
... _   .'.ci.i-.iiu.   piu,ij>i-|iv^   111 Vie' yuat*
to come,"
hols'   |t   nlin'll'i1  i ' '.■
'i     Ill'l e Iln* iloul.py
fVI I'l"   fO'i'0'1   i->''*
<•! •*   A ""'lier ha?.*
llfll   1-1   1" Jl"'!   1'    "' '
■ 1 • H ,iii"-n*,|     |f,|i
foil   |.*|Olie".i ' i 1 .*
l'"*i ''h"   It'e . 'lUlllln
of Ihi* il'l* lit *
i . .i:,. [.*, ij-,-;i|.i i'n re,
fll, e] • ., |.i.. .-, ii. ,
■ '*>( '".|"'  bli'i ntv!
..nil-V".''    il-'.'.."
i1,*.*   ll"*'i"   clinttis
(,!''.e"     Mi '■'
1      I*.     ■ ,,■     nf    I'j"
tV"l"l'l     ".'■''       *
- "*.' 1 <l ft 1. till'
rn-w   ',■•   .■!"■   ■■
i        ,. i.     i    ■
■   1. 1""    1*1 noil    tlJ
tf     *i. *   ,
'■ j; .,  .1  . ,' i   •'
■ i •" i'i'l Is n'l tn
-i,„  ,) ,. -     ,*   ,i-      '
'''"   "     :1    l,*l«   t'l    II
r •   '   ■
', .,   i, c**"iii'i1oil tm
f" i"*' ■ ■* '
".■ I--*-1' f.iin re'"iln»*
t'"i il l-.n- nf |e*M* <
im 1 'ml
'1 hi   ^Tfvi'
• tl P-ll.ir.-it.
it •'.. i"; i I  i ••
-.1 i!i'i M.irt. Twain
ti,i-'.i ii.,. '■ .*• t •■
■in ii ' ii   ,Mt«»,Hni»*
|l*     ',['.• t.    I'l"   !*   1    '
•'■■  i 1" ''f   tho   I'bleO
         I,   •      •■    i
'l   ii   1"   o.lVMilo    III
I' , '. . "
'.'' e   li-
'I'l  '.   el
ci    ■ ■ t. ,
■■ni      ■" il   .,ii |i.„    V'i).'t-|"iiti
:ltill    I I "|H.   • id   *'IC'ttl."
*'      '',1   '     T»> ''l   O.IM'   llllll   II
-.orwegiai-*, SuffraQetlte Makes Maiden
r.|ic.c<.h in  Paili.iment
(I'M.- -Tie   iilei*.      ,■,(!   I     I     p'lbM  '
od for the piup  ot  'wnn- hiriic o'
lenihiK with He o|.i:ii"ii,. ut nibciM i
tl*     "  |i |:.lH  n,
f-.'-*i"*"      i'il
Clf.-lil   le
•    'iiei*"il    thin
'i iriii" " fur "wi'|.\
'*    ju"   London
(ipiiotiil llratll'c, p'tNlili nt of lho Su r-
thlni.;, wlio win. ((.inpi-lled to i.* l.-n
In orilcr io iinilt'i In tin* worl; of ro ir-
HiLUhLUri tl.o llllll),
Tl '■ .'lilll'e .-l-'i-oll-llly IY)   O XX 'n !'    "I
, li'ii.Mii'l J iVilli her )]n I'i h.     >:|ii. ,. ,,I
jibe dnv \ioii|iI  le' :i mcmor.ihl.' one
nil.lHTlAN'lA,    Match      J8.--.\|h« ,'iiri tl.i.*,  wa- lie ftr>>(  time a   xxi,m:v\
ItiKi-ud, tl.c first Wdiui.n u> ripro-er.t ilm.l iw-i ii.i.i'.liiimieil l-i a dU<'ti**Bio:i   phkIih-p ibe cpe.*, u ot
i i-AnvtiiMi'iicy In llio .utnrlhlnt;, m_,K, < (.„   H,->   ». "'t'f  PftrUn;r,p;*it   ani   •:,-    x)w Ti-,,tohi t.x .,D. ■
ir*r nucdfii Hixwh before thnl  iwly ■ I'U-tii) H.'ii il i-movom-nf for pnp*i, -ii '_iri-.rlKfi.nrj-, on    •),
o-ilny.     31.o Cn a Mhool t-cacher'miit   wilnc «1.1 -■< •-•*»-» oi wunit-n wm, Int'i'i.l! who volt en Dw semlii.. ot-, of tl.o doi/
•pliroscnts onoof tliofMirloifatila «i;ut;,'to  »'...•. n-i!  nnd rouult   lu  unxw   w i liunii pollt.inl p*,,t*
mud* vunwt  by  iho  roil-gnatlon  of, lornm.
ibo  much   dist i
r Ip'-oel'j'."   .-,1 *'   1
onr HeiiUiiiftith,
"",|    nf   |.„-lff   ;,  , .;;,.■
I*:i|linlillli)   llrlH'eii   |,ie
of   il|\f>r;'<i*|ii    (ltd I
..pxl week uc hut - •
'0|.|e    of    "IJi
" i   i'  < ■ !,,
* nnl lids i'il. i
:..*i.l.» ,
I. |'|('l"i-lil.'lli\i!
* "!n*ii<*r. l:_l)
! e ,-il'P' In t,
i    S   (i(M.ile\i
■'*    1  U.I
"JlOl .    (hut    VI I
,   !,.i|  ■
*Vo«.."   :|!i*_*. t : i
wie nm h.-ill from
i(   tllll   I'fOSllll.
J'ariff tlnkerliif.   -a III  riot   amellorntt,
I.i, imi ■
I   tie   Ul "i'lil   VollMl
,   tl,...!_.'...,.*,!,>,      i'i     I   «• -I--   tt|i*   lll'-.'l
,' \wti l-H'.y    S'm*  I '■!•* 'f't.i  r.'i-itiiii     I
!  W'll   I'eOrr   I e'. t ■   ..1 ■ -i.e..-*!   tn    Mir-li
) a heavy i1..Miif-i"*   of liil.-l'i-e-rnal lei'"
I Vtn. Vti-t-t V«i»t
j Sirs. I'lllin •"■ * Ml"**1 f*r*ll<*l|iplp sny*
her hii-M'-itu! i;i«-" Xn-r tm dl.y every
Riornlnu i'^ hl» b'-o- Mf.JTuttor-! often Wolidereil xx ll'I *.'.*Mi'I'll iu Mmt four
*fpri*# _«.ii -Pm-i'* •*■'*■!
.    **■
Watch for the next
at the Grand Theatre.
big attraction
W. R. Ross, K.C., M.P.P., is expected to arrive in.the city to-night (Saturday).
Rev. D. Thomson went to.Rossland
earl, in the week where he officiated
at a wedding.
W. Hunnable expects to go east
shortly to complete arrangements for
tlie manufacture of his window adjustment.
Millinery'Opening Friday, March
31st and following days. You are
earnestly invited to atend.—Miss
EULER ,       32-2t
The firm of Thomson and Morrison
has been awarded the contract' fir
undertaking by the Michel Union, U.
M. W. of A. „     ,
Mrs. J. R. Roaf left last week on an
extended 'visit to the East which will
include Toronto, Ont., and points In
. Ladles' Stylish Suits and Raincoats.
Tho newest and best of the season.
Select the one you want now and
save from 20 to 30 per cent.—Miss
EULER. 32-2t
Andrew,    Sutherland,    Government
Boiler Inspector for this district was
in   Fernie   this  week  attending  to
business incident to his official position.
Hugh Barr and Margaret Finlay,
both of Fernie, were united In > the
bonds of holy Matrimony at the Methodist Parsonage on March 17th, the
Rev. Dimmlck officiating.    ,
Branches of the Imperial Bank* of
Canada have been ppened at Porcupine and South.-Porcupine, Ont., under
the management of W. Bourke, formerly of Gowganda and Cobalt Branches.
Grand Master E. L. Webber of the
Grand Lodge of British Columbia, is
very ill at ■ Kamloops, and lias been
so   far   unable   to   visit   any   of   the
lodges in the interior.     W. IT. Ciillin,
' Victoria, B. C, is acting Grand Master in the meantime.
Ernset W. Sparham, a former .resident of Wardner, but now living at
Ryan, B. C„ passed through -Fernie
last week" with his wife and child on
the return pourney from the old land
where they have been visiting friends
, and relatives at Lenten, near Nottingham.
Music  hath ' charms to'soothe the
.savage'breast or the savage beast, we
do riot know which is the correct version, and one need not wonder as'* we
have to endure for .several hours at a
Important to Know The
Location-Streets to
Marked Soon
stretch an attack upon our, sensitive
soul of the discordant strains issuing
from an instrument of ^'torture in
Bruce's Hall. This is a free advt-
and as wo believe that "misery loves'
company" would ask that crowd assemble' on Pellat Avenue when we
feel convinced* that we may succeed
in obtaining a host of supporters to
our way of thinking.
The transformation of scattered
private property, arising from Individual labor, into capitalist private, property, Is, naturally, a process Incomparably more protracted;'violent'and
difficult than the transformation of
tho capitalistic privato, property,, already practically resting on a socialized production, Into socialized proporty
In the former caso .wo had tho expropriation of tho masses of tho people by a fow usurpers; In tho latter,
wo havo tho expropriation of a fow
usurpers by tbo mass of tho people.
Below we give a list of the Fire Alarm Boxes already installed and would
suggest that our Fernie readers cut
it out so that in case of emergency
no time will be lost in notifying the
Fire Department * ■
• Probably some of our citizens do
not know the locations by the names
of the streets, but • as each box Is
numbered a stroll around,town would
furnish the needed information," and
by so doing they will add to their store
of knowledge of street nomenclature.
Another Improvement, which it is
hoped, may be visible in the near future will be the installation of street
14   Corner Victoria Avenue and Prior
Corner Victoria Avenue and Gem-
mil Street
Corner 'Victoria and Cox Street
Corner Victoria Avenue and Rogers' Street
Corner Victoria Avenue and Davis
Corner Fire Hall
Corner   Pellat   Avenue   and * McEvoy Street
Corner Howland Avenue and
Wood Street
Corner Howland Avenue.and Jaffray Street
Corner Howland and Drinnan St.
Corner  McPherson  Avenue     and
Thompson   Street      n
Corner   Dalton* Avenue * and   Cox
Corner Chip man Avenue and Cox
Street ***
Corner Chipi-nan Avenue' and
Thompson Street " ,
George Paisb, the highest statis-.
tical authority in Great Britain, says
his countrymen have invested $3,000,-
000,000 of their surplus capital in American railways and about $500,000,000
Loose Slate Falls From
Roof of Pittsburg
PITTSBURG, Pa., March 22.—Nine
men.were killed to-day In the Hazel
mine of the Pittsburg and ■ Buffalo
Coal Co. at East Canhonsburg, Pa.
They were being taken to their rooms
In a remote part of the mine when a
mass of loose slate in the roof fell,
filling one car in which were ten men.
The motor was stopped and other
workers on the train hastened to the
assistance of the unfortunates. The
slate was quickly cleared away and
the bodies recovered. All were foreigners, except David Donley, an American.
News of the Camps
(Continued from page 7)
Kate S. Gates, as published in Unity.
Tho regular Lonton Tea will bo hold
at lho rosldonco of Mrs Lambe, How-
land Avonuo on Wednesday, March
9th.     Everybody welcome,
Mr. and Mrs. .7. J. Evans wish to
convoy their lionrlfolt lliiml.H for Iho
mnny evidences, of kindly sympathy
uliown in cniiuccllnn with iho (.Irkticss
nnd funoral of tho Into ■William 11.
fi. .
f/y tail •■'V  <■■:   ■
■■"■■.'        ,*'.,-■
- .tf'®"
Better Grab
Tf c\,*;^r
a*. *m *^f  fe4-A *_*,-._>
for you nro not likely to kci
such n.Kitiii'r real <,'.huiu. op-
lioiiuiiiiy ituuin in a hurry.
We Have.
The House
you nre nfier, find nro prop.ti-
ul to noil It io you fur a really
low prlco and upon Dw iuo.it
tlbci'iil ■** rr:i- Ii'in't ■ .■-J.-'.v
rouilDK to sec ii*- about It, or
ut* (j tutu "..ci* !.:!*.(:.. v.V.l .:..*.,i
up the Ix'jt bargains.,
Insurance     Real Ettate
in other American securities: As
there are* great additions yearly to
the stock of British capital for which
profitable employment cannot be found
at home, American investments will
continue to be sought. The owners
of those throe and a half billions of
capital are drawing annually in divid
ends and interest something under
9200,000,000. * They have no reason
lo feel that they have placed their
money badly. Nor hns the United
States any reason to deploro the payment of interest to a foreign creditor.
It has secured the uso of a vast volume of capital without which tho great
expansion of its Industries of all kinds
would havo been mposslble."
Thoro ls anothor thing to bo taken
Into account. Evory lender takes a
warm Intorost In tho hoalth or credit
of his debtor. He Is solicitous for his
wdlfarc, fleeing fn his prosperity his
own, If tho debtor is throalonod by
something which would losson his ability to pay, the creditor does what
ho can to nvert tho calamity Ho doos
not lovo tho debtor, but ho wants his
intorost pnld regularly.
That Is how British capital foels
about tho United Stales It does not
yenrn over tho kin ncrosH the sea,
hut lt does nol wnnt lho United Slntcs
vIhIiciI by n panic or a.formidable war
Tho first. Is hnd, hut tlio second would
lie worse, It would depress thu prices
of securities. It would diminish lho
(■liming powor of tho pooplo It would
mnko tho paymont of tho old fashioned biff dividends leniporiirih* Iin-
posslblo Nol him*; could bo moro .llu-
KtistlnK for cnpltnl
Now to apply.     If thore were to bo
A peasant, It is said, was once on
his way to town with a fine flock of
of geo*3e he had been fattening for market.
As he plodded slowly along prod'ding
now one now another with his long
rod to keep tTleni in the road, he was
busily engaged with pleasant anticipations; his flock was sure-to fetch
a good price.
"There's not likely to be many as
good," he said to himself. • "I'm sure
to do well; but I'll hurry along.to be
sure and get there in good season."
And, so saying, he flourished his
rod vigorously amongst the refactory
geese, to quicken their steps. But
the geese resented his treatment of
them bitterly, and stopped every one
they met,to complain to him.   ■
"We are the most unfortunate ill-
treated geese in the* world." they said.
"Cannot you see how this mujik is
chasing and prodding us without the
least regard for our feelings? If
lie were not so' ignorant, he would
know that he ought ,to" pay us" reverence; for are we not the noble descendants of those geese who' saved
Rome long ago? Special feast' days
:ire even yet appointed in their honor."
Simply another,, proof of penny and
pound  foolish.
Mrs. Percy; Porter has arrived back
in Coleman. after a visit to England.
She reports that the sea voyage of 17
days was wearisome, and it will take
a little time to"* recuperate, from the
effects of the journey. •
• Teddy Eaco't has built a large ice
house in which he stored considerable
quantities of solid fluid.. Further developments. are anxiously awaited.
'   Mr. Oh, -well, he's better known
as Yorky, dropped in upon us after a
visit to, the sulphur baths which he
says have benefitted him. 'They
haven't changed him, though.
The weather being on, its good behavior, the boys * are enjoying the
fresh air. Football has attracted
many and a match played between
Married and Single resulted in a victory for the "old stiffs"—3-2. , "How's
she cut?"
John McCloud arid family have taken
a trip to the Old Country and as the
train steamed out the Coleman Band
played "Will he no come back again."
Many were the good wishes expressed
that the trip would be thoroughly
enjoyable.   -
The Western Canadian Co-Operative
Trading Co., Ltd., Coleman, will offer
many lines-* of the famous * SLATER
SHOES for sale at greatly reduced
prices on and from pay-day, March
18th to March 25th. A splendid range
of newest Dress Goods and Ladies'
and Children's ready-to-wear goods
are now on sale.-' "Every inhabitant
cordially invited to call and inspect,
You do not. expect feast days appointed in your honor, do you?' asked
one to whom they had appealed. "You
have-done nothing to deserve them,
have you?"
* "Our ancestors," began the geese,
volubly-***-*— „ ' »
"Oh, yes; I know about them; but
of what uso to any one havo you
"Our ancestors saved Rome," proudly declared the geese.
"Quite true; but* again I ask, what
have you done?"
"We—why, we havo done nothing
ourselves, but our ancestors—"
"I caro nothing about thom," said
the travelled. "Let them rost In
pence. They received just reward for
their sorvlcos. Had you wished hora-
nge „dono to, yon, you should have
done something; to enrn lt. Since
you havo not, you nro fit only to bv
♦  *
♦. «j-
The Alberta Mine Managers' Association held a meeting here Saturday
last the 18th, when Mr. Frank Aspin-
all, mine manager of the Maple Leaf
Colliery, Bellevue, read a very interesting and instructive paper on rescue
work in mines. After the conclusion
of the address general discussion ensued, and A it was conceded by all pre:
sent that while ..there was room- for
improvement, 'nevertheless it was a
step in the right': direction for the increase of safety in mines. Mr. Norman Fraser, mine superintendent at
Michel, B. C," also spoke * regarding
the operation of the apparatus in B. C.
but stated that" the public held the
erroneous idea that the apparatus was
going"--"- do away, with lujcidents in
mines, failing to take into consideration that it was essential * first of all
i       • ,
that every man'who put on the apparatus should be, well versed in the proper way to handle it,
A letter was received from tlie Premier of'the Province congratulating
the association upon ils formation,
and stating that it should be a most
useful body, to aid In the framing of
miniiig legislation, and he would be
pleased to have their cooperation with
this end in view.
valuable assistance. , The proceeds
were for the benefit. of the church
fund. '■
Alex Oliver left on Wednesday for
a trip to Calgary.   ',
Joe Dbdd, Albert Morgan and Harry
Sharp left Thursday to take In the
sights df Spokane.
Tom Nanson, of Hosmer, Jas. Morris and G Marlett were seen wandering
around our boulevards last week end.
Last Monday three miners were
fined four dollars and costs for damaging their lamps while at work.   -
District Board Member J. E. Smith
left here last Sunday for Calgary..
The first lecture on rescue work in
mines, and the use of the Draeger
apparatus was delivered by Bernard
Caulfleld in the Club Hall last Sunday evening, and greatly appreciated
by those present.1
Work had (to be suspended in' *No?l
North on Wednesday owing to a trip
of loads running away,, which caved
the bottom of the incline and also
broke the air line.   ,]
A smoking concert will be held in
the Club Hall on Saturday 25th.,Admission, 50c. The proceeds to be
used for the, purpose of sending the
family of William Evans to Whitehaven, England.
March 20.—Louis Ball, driver In No.
5 mine was severely crushed betwen
a car and a post. ' *
" —Joe Boslak received nasty
cut on hand while at work in old No.
1-       ,   ' *      .   .
" , —Russell O'Neil, leg severely
bruised by car in Noi 1, North.
" —Tom Stowe, slight, facial disfigurement by a too sudden contact
with a shovel.
" —Joe Bossino, hand severely
cut  while* working in  No.  1  North.
March 21st—Ed Winstanley; head
slightly cut in No. 2 mine.
March 22nd.—Wm. .Silverwpod, finger lacerated, yo. 1 North.
" —Joseph Hewett, injuries to
back in old No. 1.
■ We wonder if the coal being piled
up around" the boiler house is" for domestic-use in.the event of a suspension? ,    ' *  "
—-   ■ /'
Crow's Nest Trading Co.,
"''' *' ,Limited -:*..■■
The Store of Good Values
State op Ohio. CinroF Toixno, |  '
Lgcas Cou.ntv. f ss-        - ,.
Frank J. Cheney makes oath tliat lie Is senior
purtner of tlie llnu ol I*\ J. Ciii*n_:_* <S_ (,_.. doing
business in the city or Toledo, County and Slate
aforesaid, mid tliat said l!r:n will _wy tlie sum of
ON'E IIL'XDHED DOLI.AHS for. each and (Hery
case ot CATAium that cannot bo curea uy tlie uso ot
Hall's Catawsji Cuke. ,
Sworn to before nie and subscribed In my i-rcsence,
tills -ulli day of December. A. 1).. lfiBf*..
___^_rr__,i A, W. GLEASOX.    '
""■j SEAL 5*
"Notaiiy "r-.ni.ic.
Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken liiiernall)- iu:d acta
directly upo.i liv,* b.ooi nvil mucous surfaces of thu
system.   Send for 1i.«!l!no-.l:-.ls. ffte.
I*. J. CItE.N"-:V _ CO., Toledo. O.
Sold bv nil Dra-JKlHts, 75c.
* Take Hall's Family l'llls for constipation. ~    -
The new Ready-to-Wear Department is receiving
the ■ enthusiastic admiration of bur patrons.-    Nowhere.else is so much space devoted to tlie showing '
of-this' important*.department, and nowhere else .
can Suits or Dresses be viewed and fitted with ns
much privacy; itmeans complete satisfaction to the*
lady making this very important .purchase.     AU
Suits, Dresses, Coats and Skirts are fitted aid altered by Miss Laidley ,an expert, thus insuring satisfaction in every particular.     NVe   invito   your
inspection."    ,    ■   „. '
Suits, $13.50 to $35.00
One Piece Dresses, $4.50 to $25.00
We have received the balance of our Spring Dress
Goods.    This last lot consists of the season's1 newest novelty, Dress Goods and Suitings
*•   Suitings made from all wool wtih fancy herring- „
bone weave with raised spots; come in brown, grey,
black and salt and pepper effects.     Full-o-i in.
wide, and no two lengths alike.
$1.50 to $2.50 per yard
Ladies' Dress Goods, suitable for Dresses and
Suits.     They come in Popalane, Chinook Cloth,
Poplins and novelties in greys, tans, browns, reseda,
myrtle, navy, raisin and black:     No , two   dress
lengths alike. .,...'
75c. to $2.50 per yard '
Our Dressmaking Department in charge of Miss
Laidley is at your service; satisfaction guaranteed.
. To insure early delivery; we would suggest that you
make an early engagement with Miss Laidley.
A full range of our best selling lines offered for
, Saturday selling at only a fraction of their worth.
Dongolas,. Gun* Metal, Velours,* Box Calf, in black
and tans; made up on this season's lasts, in both
'button and lace:
" Sizes: 2Vt> to 7.   Regular, $3.00, $3.50. and $4.00.
'.'- An early selection'will, secure the best, choice.
2 lb Tins Preserved Strawberries, per tin-..    15c
■   "   *    ' ,'*•   .   '■'-"      '    '"."• per case..    $3.60
.Noel's Fish and Game Pates in Glass .........    15c.
Colgate's',.Talcum Powder, per, tin   ......... 15c,
Bananas, per  doz ■ ;     35c.
1 lb. .Jars Hartley Jelly Marmalade ....    20c.
in good condition.     Cheap for cash.
Apply, J. H. Wray, Cliipman Avenue
(near Annex Grocery Store, Feme).
"'  * 32-lt
The Tl. C. Stock Breeders' Association lins boon organized for aomo four
years nnd during thla timo it has boen
work I iir nlonp linos of improvomont
!n tlio llvo Btock industry of tho Provlnco. Tt lina endeavored in many
ways to assist breeders of puro bred
live stock and to Improve oxistliiK
conditions portnlnln**. to tho Industry.
While its primary function is that, of
education It hun also undertaken"! much
prnetlcnl  worlc.
For tho oiifiiilnp; yonr It will assist
In dofrnyiiiK transportation rlinrKos
on j-tire* br-»1 ctnclc lm ported Into the
Province, lo nil who iii'd mombors of
lhe np'-'oclnl'lnn.
Anion*-: other tliliiRi, It In-nlso pro-
♦ ♦
♦ „   \ " LILLE ♦
♦ By "Royalty." ♦
♦ "  ' ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦..♦ ♦ ♦
A successful danco took placo nt
tho "Mile Hotel on Frldny Inst, being
fairly woll. patronized, and dancing
wns kept up until about S a.m. on Sat-
urady, Mr. John May was tlio admir-
nblo floor manager nnd tho music wns
supplied by Mr, T. Hughes, of Frnnk,
and Mr, J. Robertson of Lillo. Amongst thoso present wo noticed, Mr.
and Mrs. John May, Mr and Mrs'Jnnioa
Mny nnd Mr. nnd Mrs. Ab. May, Mr.
and Mrs. Chas. Howott, Mr. nnd Mrs.
John (IriffltliH, Mr. and Mrs. John
flarrott, Mr. and Mrs. John Kcofor Mrs
Hliulllne, Miss Kldd, Miss Mollntt,
Miss Hughes, Messrs, Jas, lloylo, John
Allenby, John Mncglndrle, Hobt. (5rif-
fltlis, v., Sutherland, Mr. ,T, Roberts
and other*-*.
Live Man or Woman wanted for
work at homo paying $2.00 or $3.00
pet* day with opportunity to advance.
Spare time, may bo used. Work not
difficult and requires no experience.
Winston, Limited, Spadlna Avenue,
Toronto. ■ 32-5t
TO RENT—Two Now, nowlyplaster-
two-roomod Housos; wood shed and
w.c. for oach; good well closo by. Apply, Robt Wright, Wost Fornio,   32-ltp
Piano, $100, Purchnsor wanted at onco,
seller leaving town, • Apply, Ledger
Offico, HO-3 t.p.
jn wnr between tlio I'niK-d .Stales nwl j v,,„Ili: ,■„,, „,,-,..„, ,,r|!!eB n, „1(. ](1|l(1.
-.Ynpnii It would lie n Ioiik mi'l "vhitu.t.! ,_g ,,,,- f,,,,.„_ fn], ,,,,„ yml|,. n,.n ,„.,>,,,„
|lng ono     It would have nil Dw bad;
i coiiHetniciii'i *.   which
j dreads     Then-fore, If lliiilnh i-iipltnl
j were lo seo H.vniptoiiii of an Incllha-
itlnn   on  Dw  purl   of  Jii|i.ni   to  force
! wnr upon lite United Suites, it would
ii-ie nil H» powerful Influence to pic-
*->^*<-.^«.* + 4>* + + «
♦ ■*_**
♦ COAL CREEK  BY  174        ♦
* ' ♦
All (ho iiilncH „ wi .*(.) idlo hero on
Rt. Patrick1-. Dny In ordor* liun tinmen could nttrnil a iiiuhm meeting of
CrStfli-t'iii" Local Union.
A special train wii't run from here
and a lnrgo contingent embraced tlio
opportunity of going to hear lho it-
flint It should lio given credit for thnl
one virtue
FOR SALE—-Houso, not plastered,
wator' inside, on half lot, 30 x 120,
nnd a Shuck: corner of McEvoy St.
and Mason Avonuo; cheap fer cash.
Apply, Geo, Ilolmos, Pox'' 81, Fernio.
•It- p.
TO LET—FiirnlHhod Room; suitable for ono. or two gentlemen or light
housekeeping. Apply, Ledger Office. Mar 2fi-n.p.
praciIso In Albertn
wrlto to Jnmes Noll], Secy., (.niimore
Local Union 13S7, C'tuimoro Albortn.
duly  qualified   lu
l-'or piii'tieiilni-H
■> nu uto im'11 fo,. s.0(.i. judging compelbloiiM will bo
nvoMed capital ,,,„,,,(„,! oll .,n.|r,,. ,|)0 niiFiilccs of tho
At-'i-'tidnllon nnd ll is mlvis-nliki that nil
In lending com pot I tors in iIiIh coinpt.'*
iltliin tihotild bcouie niciiil'i-rn of the
Heci'iitly (lie tlli-eelori. il.cliled Hint ,
wiit wnr Tho HtltlHli goveriiiiR'iit, * n'directory ...mnld lie published In con- j port of the dl..!i'!<:t offlcom who had
: which llKtous usually to nrltlsh cripl- !„,;,,,|on witl) ,Ju, fnrijl(.mn|,,B nnniinl jlmeu In i-oi.fcronrn wltli lii. repreHon.
.lul, woiiM delicately sitKg.-ht to Hh , r,.p0rt will .i will noon be off Uio progs, t iniiw* oi tho West orn Opel-morn'
(iiluitnl ally that lt would not do , .rf)). s'ecreiiiry hnn hro*\ Instructed ! AHHocliiiinn at Cnlgnry ro the pro*
i TIiim does the "money power" iiuiIcq 110 compile n directory of pure broil |rci!vp ngiwincnt.
;for International pence It hns been | „v<, „,,„.,, wl||,.h )s ,((,,,)(, 1)r0(1 ,)y n)] ] The cvridng's entortiiinniciit, ii imiti.
curtteil ho roundly for \l:x many crimes  ,j,0 „H.n,i.oi...     This directory should i-iiicr'nle bull In tbo club bull, wns n
be lhe meitna nf cnfoiu-iigliii*. stock !h .ceeiHful nffnlr, Moro thnn thirty
snlci* throughout the Province, nml at | couples took pnrt In tho grand march
least, H will ho n means of ndrcrifs-1 wtivu some very interesting costunie_
III!,.        I..illli'i.    tut III ii   to   i.O   (iiii-ii    ItljiJU.i'l  U.u.U  uiu.   .UUU.O  SxvtXS t*__ap_.l.)CU'
, for the directory havo beon eciit to all I Tno euornioua "Teddy lksirs" cr-cat-
Died  nt   tier   ronldonoo  at  A  p m. • ji^.i^m rnoftvli^r/1, 1«H plioult! nny OR'-V'*"''! Ma at amnefraent.     Vtlmt wc-re
Mnrch  20,   Mnrirnr-M   llunir-r    Mnnn. i(|(1!,Irt, ,0 i„.(*ohiij a i.ioiiihcr. In "order j awarded  ns  follows;
The funeral took pln.v; on \Veilnciid!iy,tlni,  tj,,,y )(nvo l]l0h. hrm] of Btoc]{ |    11(,F,   dressed  lndy.  Mrs.  Orey   of!
"'    * '*   L '** **   " **   *" "   ■ *il_1. il    iTI    11 if    t.U.'CKir.V,   llly.V    MIOnii! , 7 vlllir,    1*Sllli!l|f Of'K'l, I'-Uhl    tilCH.-.i'l'l
ing the funeral kci*v.,-\    The dcreuitd  ^camo a member of Uio association at j geiitlcninn. Dugold McGregor, (High-
i lndy Icriwi n liustini.it ami ei-.-bi .-nil-; ojneo nnd s<nd In ft list of tho puro j lander).   Comic character. R. Hubber*
iticii. win lmve tbe ..tnci---. synipnthy; ,)m, fif0(,k „hIrJl lhfty flro *j,r0o(lltig.'stoy   (Hnn   McMnrpliy).
of Um fommtinlty In thflr ber-five--    Also ns a mt.Inbcr of tll0 Asuocln* J    Tho niiislrnl pnrt wns   furnished by
j tion, nny one of theso four nurlctil- [ Karnsii) 'n Orchestra,
'ttir.-il fnin-n.'tN uto riven rrntlur '    Vr   »"-1  Vr«t   J. J. V.vnn* of Tn.
{ "Farm nml Dairy." "Farmer's Ad-Vrctk. mid Mr. J. 8. EvonB. of Los
.rocnf-" /uv.-i'mi TMIMon), "Fnrm-^r'i in"■■■'.•■. r-iln., wlr.h to ffinnff oil
.Advotuto" IV.iisti.-m K/lUIon) and "Can-, tlo mini *jo;is friends, also Uio Moi.nl
lo rent, every evening except Hniidny
iind Tlitn-Hdny, Sultnblo for concerts,
smokers, dnnclni*;, lectures, otc For
teviiiit, etc, npply to 1), Rees, Secretary, Gladstone- Locnl, Fornio.
FOR llENT-IIolntzmnn Parlors,
Miners' DIock, olther whole or part ot
Htoro.—A Mil v, D. R*?on. P. O. 90 1,
Fernio. II. C.
..LOST—Transfer Card No. ifl, Rook
No, Ifl,"!!!), Jfistied from Frnnk Local on
Scpl. 2('.ib, I!H0. l-^iiulur plmise ,re-
Hnn to Geo. Nicol, fi.'iTL't.lry, Frank
Local, Frnnk, Altn.     't
FOR fJM.FI—Oi'c ^r t",-o cood 'Irtvtnf
tennis; broken to single, or double
harness; ages from 3 to 7 yenrs; mil-
ttil-lo for h.inj;y or ilcllvery riRfi.—S.
J, HARRISO;-;. Wardner, II. C.      3t*p
.u_X__i» '*\t .Ji'it\:*—it,, A. Irt'AAUio/
Fcrhlo .ind rtlmrlct for tho Colonltil
lti\ est ment Compnny, nnd Ib prepared
to advance money on bsi-jinesi blorkH
at a roasonablo rnte of Intrient.
FOR  RKNT-FIto Room Cottage.
Apfti*. XV. Mt'.iton, Atincs. St-«
A Square Deal to Every
Man who Buys Clothes
FIT-REFORM wno the first in Canada to offer "money
refunded if  satisfaction  bo   not   given,11
Fit'Rcform alto introduced (lie Price Label in the pocket
of every Suit and Overcoat as a guarantee of value to tlie
Fit-Reform _in« won llm tonfidftnci. of _!.«_ l>uvin(» nnWic
beenmc Fit-RfioTm nn.s given -more. tW vm ejc-pcctcdi.
Tliey know that if any purchase is
Tint xxiti riaht. Fit-Rrform will mnlc*
* *j
it right.   Your money is yours until
you are perfectly satisfied.
7'OPO.VTO.   ft   l:   :'.at..*l  ilut  ilie
(C. N.R. towipany Ja jit'R«llRtlr._ for Uio
And YIV,  PILLS do not  n^t      The * mlliin Farm" "■     'lVrtiic IMt-n I, O. ft, V. and OIad«tone!'"■f   P0"»e8li*.ri  'if  extenMc-i.  coal   Ir-
inr.iti'flii" tlinapKars ntur x,tw or iwo,'    \Vlwn * .idiruf In  rnemberililp r*N*M Ix*•» 1 Vnlnn tor Dw mnny <»vl(le',-n*-e«'!U;,tM',.l,"'n.JJ*.* '•'''••'•'fs ot llrule I^Ve,
•'.tw-i of ¥\D PILLS.   Tl.f->* tono ttpulo no* fall to Mate which paper you \ ot
>> •  —-fx'-iXith  •»•?..  fi'ir-t' ''V.,-:,*-iv,,\»'1?Ti.'f.t-i.l,pf-.     V..I- ',i.t.w.\ rtitirPorrthlii U+\rt*i
?> n ticii* M nil f*Ttfi.1lr/-?«,r>i" *'nn"« tn thi* .)**nri:tt1nr, i* HIM, nnd mnr
•ir iii..(U«l tw* r-R.t-i.-t i,t h''< 5,> TL. 1* for*ard--.l to th<- Secretary- Depart-
Hit PIU Co., Ht. TJiomas. Out, Uno.ut ot ARrlcnlmro Vlctorlt.
tat Ir.ion for tbo mnny <ivl(l«-ir<v_c'"-'l-*,,a "" ■>■"" *"«•"«-*• '»» mite wikp,
kindly i,wPMhy ehnwn in th_lri"Mr *» }>U«ir Hm-1 Va** Tlie
j.. ,., ,'   '„ ,'* ! Property Mot on tlio propo*-*-.  main
\ or-xr, 1 r ..-ivrf irt't hold fn the Mo-
oujjh tho moan*
tUlu_.      Nu iluUiU itiw >fet to l,s_in"_.
tl.(«»sr « Lurch on TnoMny evening i*«t:jiTlt n,0 i-rendf^-r will Involve a Jarite
wliich umtr. urtlfttw from Vovnlo (.avo ' K\.m fit fnonfey.
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
Sole Agents in Fernie
» VI
' 11
■ '*<_
**-«*H., -,t.---L


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