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The District Ledger Mar 11, 1911

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Array Industrial Unity is Strength
The Official Organ of district Nd. 18, U. M. W. of A.
'&&    —    NX
MARUJ91I,       j)
Political Unity is Victory
Vol. VI, No. ^;>a-"l/
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C.; MARCH. 11, 1911.
$1.00 A YEAR.
?"?.;i^\
■&&**'*,
'"_,
tyt^y.
W^
NO CAUSE FOR ANY ALARM MEET AGAIN ON MARCH 20
BLEASDELL TO
REMAIN ON JOB
City Fathers Didn't Get Home Till
Morning-A Long Drawn Out
Sessions-Few Bills Paid
LIGHTS OUT AFTER TUESDA Y?
Thursday night's Council was so lengthy that It encroached slightly,; It Is
true, on Friday morning.
The entire -Council  was' on hand,
.Mayor Bleasdelloccupying the chair.
After the minutes were read and approved his worship announced his intention to leave the matter of resignation in abeyance for .the timo being
So it stands. *
'Application for subscriptions from
the Salvation Army Band and also
from the Army in Toronto' were read
and hied.
Communication from Boiler, Inspector "Andrew* Sutherland regarding certificates for steam engineers was laid
over, for consideration' at a subsequ-
e nt meeting.     *. *,
Dr. Fagan, Provincial Health Officer! wrote that the cost of vaccination was under the jurisdiction of the
municipalities, but.the vaccine lymph
• would be supplied by the • Provincial
authorities. No compensation will be
paid should persons be unable to follow their occupation because of the
effects of vaccination;
—Thirty'da'ys_s'thTlimit^f"gface"tHat"
will be allowed any electric light consumer. -Non-compliance means a
shut-off. No exceptions. All, present arrearages must-be paid up with
in 14 days, otherwise the regulation
will be.carried out. >
By-law. 110, called "Temporary Loan
By-law. 1911,' was read lst, 2nd, and
3rd time, and will be adopted to-night
(Friday).,
This by-law is to authorize the, city
to borrow $29,089.35 in anticipation.of
receipts-of 1911's revenue.
By-law 111. Health By-law 69 amendment. ," This is to prohibit none
but the medicalofflcers or those .with
permission from . him to" enter any
quarantined . house or building. ■
Read lst, "2nd, and 3rd time," will
come up for adoption to-night (Friday)..
It .was decided that. Fairy Creek
Bridge be strengthened at once so that
it will be in a condition to resist the
effect of possible high water.
. .Works and Property. Committee reported on water and light extensions
but' it was,decided to' defer further
discussion for the present.,,
The Mayor-was instructed to interview -* the Hon. W. R Ross and the
Government Agent^re^.'pllln'g on the.
"east*i78ia^o£;jith-_^r^lK River* as■ it is
likely to' _e'?a* menace to the septic
tank, in the event of, a flood.
- . There were .seveal bills passed arid
ordered paid..     , '7'- *J     "
Here it is in a Nut Shell
, (Special to1'' The ledger'')
*' (Any press report's that differ in substance
from this dispatch are inaccurate.) ■ -,"•■
Calgary, Mar: 9,1911.
*■ Both parties have been occupied since Satur-  .
.day in.an effort to arrive at some understand-,
ing with regard to the check-off clause, which; ,
of necessity practically interprets the question :
of closed shop or otherwise. , ...
Operators insist on elimination from agree-"
ment of any clause that makes or tends to make '.
it of a closed shop nature, and insist on renewal!-',
of the discrimination clause at present in force"'
to apply to. the whole of the operators.     On
Monday a subcommittee was appointed, consisting of A. J. Carter, C. Stubbs, 'I*. Stockett-'
and "W. P..'McNeil, to discuss matter to see 'if 7
some understanding could be arrived at. Miners have insisted from first on retaining with* *
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. and the Prank and
Corbin Coal Companies, the check-off clauses,
which are,at present in force with* these com- ■
panies; failing the acceptance of a similar
clause* to govern the whole of the Western
Coal' Operators' Association. - Later on the
miners' representatives submitted a general
clause to cover whole of.mines comprised in
Operators' Association, this latter "clause providing for irrevocable check-off forms being
sighed, by all mine workers, and the local secretaries to examine register of employees. Operators state that this tends to closed shop and
will not, entertain same. Bothosides most insistent and .discission of other portions of
agreement tied up pending settlement of this
question.    . *
Pull; conference reconvened this morning,
when subcommittee reported that after careful
deliberation they, were unable to recommend
any-action for the joint committee. \
Conference adjourned until the 20th.,
Pincher-Creek, Mar. 10.
(Held-up by snow drift at Cowley)
MINERS' PROPOSAL3
1.   The fixing of contract rate on all new '
work before the general agreement is discussed.''
. ■ • ' ■*  *.
"This applies to all long, wall work ih No. 1
north,. No. 1,* south, No."2, ,No. 3, No.' 9 Coal.-.
A MANAIC AT REVELSTOKE, B. C.
* ■■•«''.      ,"■■>.  -*"   •■"-"•-■'.  '-**•'.
REVELSTOKE.' B.v..,a,'"''March ' 6.-f-
A.a individual,by-.the -name of. Robert
Armstrong, evidently'.demented, said
to be. from Vancouver, created quite
an excitement here on Sunday. He
went Into the Dominion Express .office"'and, attempted to prevent Walter
Frlsby', the clerk, from going outside
by shooting at him, but lio (Frlsby)
rushed outsldo and banged the door
after him.' Constables Clcland and
Kennedy bad a fierce struggle with the
desperate man, and Mr'. Duck, of the
power houso, took a hnnd ln arresting him, but ln the mix up Supt, Kil-
'patrlck's chief clork, A. Mclnnes, mistook hlm In the dark for Armstrong,
nnd pummelod him so severely nbout
tho head that ho Is confined to tho
hospital.       : .'        t -
Constablo Cleland did not como off
uriscnthod ns he has several marks to
show that ho wns ln tho scrlrnmngo.
Whon soorchod he was found to bo
In possession of a good sum of money
and ovidontly It wns tho fear thnt
somebody was going to rob him tlmt
mnde him fight so dospnrntoly,
On Monday morning ho complained
to gnolor Tliomns Bnln nnd thiB of-
fleer, who Is n vory kind hearted mnn
wishing to mnko his ns comfortable ns
posslblo, released his hands, whereupon ho grabbed a > chair, broko out n
log nnd usod lt for n club, but wns
Boon ovorpoworod,
Whon tho doctors wont to tho cell
to superintend Ills removal to Now
WostmlnHtor four mon woro necessary
In ordor to put tho strait Jnckot
on him, nnd.In tho scrimmage Chlof
Pnrry rocolvod n nasty ctit on tho hond.
On TuoB'lfiy Mr. Duck wnn much
Improved. Thoro npponrn to bo somo
doubt ns to who ronlly did Btrlko Duck,
but thoro In no doubt thnt ho wna
Hovoroly hnndlod by someone,
THE HUNNABLE SASH-LOCK AND
•JXi   wlNDbW ADJUSTMENT''*'
Every  building "should  be   Equipped
•;    •       -,*.  With It  -
We take pleasure In announcing to
the public tliat the Hunnablo Sash-
Lock and Window Adjustment will
shortly be placed on the market. This
attachment, simple ln its mechanism,
serves a double purpose of locking
both sashes together nnd also affording security.
The sashes can bo readily opened
nt any position, thus'furnishing tho
essential fentures that'a window fitted
with sash pullles, cord arid weights
does, with the- additional advantage
hat while lt may be opon a 'small space
to permit ventilation, is still secured
from outside intrusion. It will now
ho no longer necessary to fix up windows in lho old clumsy and expensive
manner, because' the Hunnnblo Sash-
Lock and Window Adjustment is
cheaper, snfer nnd simpler.
ONTARIO  LEAD8  ALL  THS   PROVINCES WITH B, C. NEXT-
ALBERTA IN FIFTH
OTTAWA, Ont., Mnroli 0,.--Ao*n-.1-
!ng to n roport junt Issued by (ho
iiiIiiob linm'li of tho tttnl mliiorrl pro
durll* » of tho Dominion for tho cnl-
ondor yenr 1010 wna ♦10B.040,9r.-J. which
wm nn il crcitRO of $13,200,!>17, or up*
wnrrti of 1* per rout., ovor .-■■ft!i.
The pi((Miction of goll wnn S10,?;.*I,*
Ui'l. niftr, fi.i.W.-SI_'; bi& iron, ill,-
2rsr,%; nickel, 111,181.310; silver,* 17,
117.108.604: aftbefltof. f2.-170.55S; coal
$20,811,750; nnturnl gnu, »l,3l2,flt4;
comont, $M04.31I5. lima, $1,131,407, nnd
During (ho yenr tlioro wnB an In-
crentted production In nil thn provinces
except Now Ilrunswlck, wlihh showed
a fulling off of loan thnn $100,000, Novn
Scot In IncrciARod from $12,504,810, to
$14,054,534. Quebec from $7,080,365, to
$8,103,276; Ontario from $27,374,574 to
$13,017,002; Manitoba from $1,103,377
to $1,470,776; flwkntchewnn from
$460,264 to ir.57,806: Alborta from
$6,047,447 to $7,876,458: British Columbia from $25,470,000 to $24,547,817. and
th* Yukon from $1.O«2,078 to $4.0,17,.
375.
The advantages of the new method
are:
1. Pormlta of ndoo.unto vontllntlon.
2. Snshos can bo opened for cleaning.
3. Ensily ndjustod; operated from
contro of snsh, honce no dlsnrrnngo*
ment, of ciirtnlns.
4. Snshos firmly locked togothor,
thus provontlng outbldo Intrusion, yot
admit.Inn frosh nlr.
5. Snsh ..pullles dlflponsod with.
0, Snuh cords not roqulred.
7. Snsh wclghtSi, unimccsBiiry
8, Snsh ffiRtoners Kuporfliious,
0. llox frnmoB not noodod—Sollil
frnmos will do.
10. Economy of Initial cost of old
mothoil,
11. No enrpontor's Bor vices to pay
for.
12. A saving of about three dollaru
on ovory window,
13. Simplicity of limtallntlon.
14. Prlco—Within tho roach of ovory
body,
There Ib no doubt tlmt, thoro will bo
n gront domnnd for thin tlmo nnd
monoy saving hoiiBohold ncconnory
which will bo ori tho mnrkot, In tho
nonr futuro,
T*V*ir fnrthor ■cinrf.e-iilf-.rn   Ai-lilrr-nn"
W. TTTTNNAm,1*1,
P. O. 24, Fornio, TJ.O,
Creek.    Also to No. 3, Michel.    Also to No! 8--
south Michel.the latter being in connection with
new work.    Also to long wall Blairmore mines, -.;•
f-*   - .
jFrank. Mines, '.and' Bankhead- Mines.-   '•■**•
t   -.     ■„.--■■'"-■, '*,i*'>.*.<*T-vv* ."■-.'*"', •■■,'' --~:,\' **.• ■■ ■     i*■""•(   •■
* 2. The elimination of inequalities in prices
paid through the district on timbering, and
tho: contract mining, rate at Michel Mines No,
■ - i v >" .   . *  i * .        -
3, 4, 5, and 7.   Also contract .mining rates, at
Bear Valloy, Lille, Lethbridge, A. Rr 'and I.,
Royal Collieries, Canmore and Hillcrest.!,   •
■* . . ....   *i,
3.   The adoption of general provision of tho
*Y agreement as a basis of negotiations, with am-
endments to be introduced as the clauses,are
, dealt with and addition to be submitted.
-4.   Tho same day wago scale as is provided
for in the agreement between tlio Montana Coal
*
Operators Association and District 27, U. M.
. W. of A.   with proportionate advances on all
work not covored by the agreement mentioned,
tho engineers and mechanics classified.
5. An advanco of 5.55 per cent on all contract and dead work nftcr adjustments* nro
made.
C.   A uniform price list for supplies.
7.   All agreements to cxpiro on thc thirty-
first' day of August ,1012.
OPERATORS' PROPOSALS
YOUNG LADS LIFE
IS CRUSHED OUT
Freddie Shaw, a Tift file Eoy, Meets
Horrible   Death—Worked in
Ledger Office at one Time
FUNERAL ON SUNDAY AT 3*30
Fred Shaw, a lad of about 16 years,
employed oh the tipple at Coal Creek,
had finished his days' work on Thursday afternoon and about 4.45 was attempting to cross the railroad track
wh'en in some manner not -, yet accounted for, he was caught by. a train
that was shunting in the yard, and
only lived a few minutes after he was
picked up.
The, Inquest is in progress as we
go to-press.
The funeral will take place on.Sun
day at 3,30 from the Baptist Church
when all the scholars will attend, as
he was a regular attendant.
The boy was of splendid disposition, '
cheerful    and • willing, and formerly
worked in this office for over a year.
He was quite a sprinter, and ran
second in*the two mile race last July
•in  the Miners' Sports.
It was his intention* to leave the
employ of the C. N. Pass Coal Co. this
pay day, and go to the coast to take
up farming with members of his bro1'
tliers" family. <•,
DEBATE   ON   "RECIPROCITY."
In reply to the suggestion of the representatives of District 18, U. M. W. of A.,.the Scale
-' Committee of Western' Coal Operators' Asspcia-
' tion would suggest:   .,
, 1.   In regard to the fixing of contract rates
L_iotualLne.w—work---bcfore-the-general-agreement—
is discussed. These prices.are matters of concern under the.old individual agreements, and
are matters for settlement in'the way provided
by .these.agreements,-and are,questions that
this .seal*-*, committee has no authority to act
'  on, except.for the makin gof rates to govern the
same after March 31st, 1911, lahd will have to
'   come.up in the ordinary,course of the making
of the agreement, and, not have any special
preference over other, clauses or rates. We would
suggest that all contract rates be dealt'with in
accordance with provisions that imty be provided
for in the now agreement.
2.   The elimination of inequalities in prices,
. etc., is a, matter that has not any special preference ovor other clauses, but must bo takon up.
in tlie ordinary course in the making of a new
agreement.
. 3.   We will accept tho general provisions
of thc present agreement as a basis of negotiations, with such amendments as may be agreed
to.     "    ■■
4. Wo cannot accept tho Montana scalo of
wngos for tlio renson that thc conditions nnd
bourse of work nro npt tho snmo,
5. The mining rates of this district nro al-
rendy very high, nnd tho present mnrkot price
of ooal will not permit of general incrensc..
G. Wc ngrce to a uniform price list for supplies ns fnr ns possible.
7. Wo seo no'reason for changing lho dnto
of tlie expiration of tho agreement, nnd suggest
the next agreement expires March 31st, IOH.
In view of tho suggestion mnde in Section
3 wc nro now prepared lo take up the geiuiral
provisions of tho present agreement clause by
clause.
On Monday night about 75 people attended . the debate on "Reciprocity"
Jield in* the adult, class room of the
Methodist church. The Ayes received a
great set-back because their supporters
were unable to attend, Dt V. Mott was
confined to his room with a severe
cold, John Gorle had a great fall, which
A VACCINATION CLAUSE
■resulted-iniftis occupying a cot Ih the
hospital, ariif'R. .N. ,Clerke was confined In jail. (We refer to the Chief
of police. • ■ The ranks of tho negatives were unscathed, however,, as an
equalization, one of the latter.transferred his affiliations; ■ Rev, 3. P. Dlmmlck
officiated as chairman, and after a few,
■■preliminary;-remarks introduced, the
-first speaker, Bennett, for the the affirmative. During; his discourse part
of the plaster* In one corner of the
room becamo detached from the celling.
,Mr. Bates followed for tbe.nogatlvo
with a well-studied exposition of the results that would ensue should the bars
bo lowered between the. U. S, and
Canada.
Mr, Robertson's speech for the affirmative was.brief but pointed,
Messrs. Quinney and Dicker, as supporters of the "stand pat" policy, acquitted themselves creditably.
There we're numbor of questions
asked and Wm, Minton ns an extern-
poro speaker gave vnlunblo nld to the
affirmative, stating thnt tho romovnl
of ovory restriction botwoon nations
with a froor Interchange wns a Htop
nonror that gonl which thoy who talked of human brotherhood regardless of
geographical lines should,glory In and
ospouso. Such action, ho contended,
wns conBlstent with tho claims of tho
mombors of tho church.
Mr, Mulrliontl, although believing ln
tho prlnclplo of reciprocity ns ndvnn-
tngomiN uh n wholo, contended tbnt
If Bhoos wero plncod upon tho froo list
It would roBult In tho closing down of
prnctlcnlly overy Bhoo,factory In Cnn*
nda, but thnt ns llio Industry developed
thon iho tariff could bo gradually modified
Upon the order of the Health Act
amendment-bill being taken up, Hon.
Dr. Young returned the.bill to committed in order to introduce as a now section In'the parts of the act dealing with
compulsory vaccination what Is generally'known throughout Canada as the
"conscience clause," this feature ln the
new bill reading*.
_JI^O_S_L4__Lh_etelbfor_e_,mad e,and_-.
In force or hereinafter to be made by  .
the Provincial.Board of Health requiring the vaccination or re-vaccination of **
all persons resident-within, tho jurisdiction of any health officer, shall be
deemed not tb apply to any porson who
makes an affidavit of a statutory de*
claratlon before a_ magistrate of any
other person authorized to take oaths
lo the effect that suoh person conscientiously believes,that vaccination would *
be prejudicial to^hle health ior to the
health of his child, .as'tbe case may,,
be), or for conscientious reasons objects  to vaccination, and such person shall deliver or transmit ,by registered mall to the health officer for
the district ln which ho resides a certificate by such magistrate or other of-
flclnl person  boforo whom ' the oath
was taken of such conscientious objection,
"There aro a few people evon In this
enlightened province," Hon. Dr. Young
explained, "who still ore In antagonism to vaccination. Kor tho benefit bf
such sufferers from abnormally , developed consciences It hns beon determined to Insert this clause, providing
that anyone who might desire to obey
the dictates of his conscience ns against tho Judgment of tho modlcnl
world as based upon expcrlcnco ox-
tondod ovor a hundred years, would
bo oimblod to do so, If nn epidemic
orlglnnted ln tho provlnco, tho law
would bo fully nnd ciiergotlcnlly on*
forced an to vncclnntion ns nil else,
and nnyono exempt would bo required
to carry out tho condition*) of this soction to tho lottor."
"THERE
WAS   A   DLOOMIN*
SPARROW
Tho English  sparrow on  to pun*..
Upon tho .-iioKtlou bolng put. lo tho I plmHO tho drug the drug clerk's pnttor
FUNERAL OF W. H. EVAN8
CROW'S  NE8T MAY
DECLARE DIVIDENDS
J. H. HAWTHORNTHWAIT
i t*.     ***-_—»
/
Mra. If. J. Johnu-Mi roluni»*(l hnni.
from her visit-to East on Wodncaday.
going to turn Consorvntlvo nnd oppose
Rnlph Smith nt tho flmt nvnliable opportunity—thnt ho Infondn neelcln**.
wldor flown of political activity and
making application for ndmlimlon to
Wcatmltmtui* n» a coll-aKue of -J*-*-**
Martin—that ho In golnn to take chnrgo
ot n mining proporty. ln the meantime thoio wondering na to what his
futuro inflict- will !»e -may content
thom/iolvos by singing: "Seo Hint Smiling, neo Him flmHInn"
Darnc! Tturaftr 1* a flt'kJt- old jade
end whon loillnr; the troth omit by
mil-italic h regarded with Kiixpklon.
Tho funoral of Wm. 11. Evnus, of
Coal Crook, took placo on Sunday Inst
nt 3,30 p.m., from tho Bnnntorlum nt
ninlrmoro, Altn. Tho locnl loilgo of
Oddfellows lurnod out In rognlln, con-
dueled thoir BorvlecH over tho remnlnH,
and thon thoy nnd his follow mlno
workers from different locals of tho
U.M.W. bf A. District 18, wended their
wny to tho comotory whoro thoro woro
BcrvlccH both of lho I. O. O, P, nnd tho
V, M. W. of A, dollvoroil at. tho fcwvo-
sldo.
Thc T*_!*_.:'l :v.'.r._2U'.*, w\.^ !.' -'*•'•-
Oddfellow, dr-Hvi'rr-d thn finiornl orn-
tion of thnt orgnnlzntlon. Tho ro*
prenentntlvoH from (UnilBtono Locnl
woro, David Ittcs, !>avld Paton nnd
Wm, rnttoreon.
Thoro wna n lnrgo dologntlon from
V.—'^i.,   4...-1,   <J,__.J   ,'Cti.\re'£ii'i*■*,.•'iv,i    _.<kvi
friends from nenrby mining towns.
8harelioldera Look for a Declaration
at the Annual Meeting In March
Preildent of Company la Hopeful.
TOnONTO-Oow'B N'est Pnsn Coal
compnny nhnrolioldom who hnvo been
diflnppnlntcd nt not rncolvlng nun on nro
ment of a dlvldoiul, nro looking for
nino iloolnnitloi) from lho manngomeiit
nt tho annual mooting on Mnrch 10th.
RIDICULE   FOR  TARIFF  TINKERS
H. A, C. Mnchln and A. E, Donovan
Stir up a Fighting Enthualaam
ot Ward 1 Conservative
,. Banquet
"I do not wnnt to bo ogoHtlBtlcnl, but
I wnnt to speak nn I feci. I wiih one
of the flr«t of thoso who volunteered
for Hdrvlco In South Africa, nnd ono of
those who endured tho privations of
thnt ciuiipnlgu. For what? To «eo
thin Cnnndn of otirn wlpod off the mnp?
Men who havo Hturvcd, men who havo
thirsted, mon who fought nnd bled In
,,„    „ ,, i.    _    .    .     i«*   »'»(   »t»*K(*n  tt'r nun  i-.rnpiro—will
Kllnn Hogorfl. th« president, who haul „ir.. .,ll*.„nlt lo Hil*-?    Jfc, »vnr;   Jw
beon In tho woBt for flvo woekB In-jovr-rv Pnnndlnn who In n Cnnndlnn will
nudlonco ns to whothor reciprocity
would bo bonoflclnl or othorwlno to
Cnnndn, the rosult wnH n tlo.
Tho Noos cerlnlnly did mnnfiilly, nnd
nlthough Hontlmont wns nvorso to tliolr
aldo of tho quoBllon, yot tliolr offortn
showod doeldndly moro euro nnd ut*
tontlon to dotnll thnn did tliolr opponent*-),
Aflor ii voto of IlinnkH lind boon
proponed by Mr, Pol or Lundlitfimd duly
ii con nl I'd, llio gnthorlng dlHpoi'HOil, do*
lighted wllh tho Innlrurtlvo evening
thoy Imd hnd.
WOMEN   AS  JURORS
Exemption  la  Granted  Fnlr 8ex
Stato of Waahlngton—Eight-Hour
Day for Women
In
'BoniPthlng just n« bad' hns put In np-
ponrnnco In the Croston district. Various suggestions hnvo boon offorod ns
tlio host moans to lib adopted for hl»
extermination, One woll known citizen HiiggcHlH ii ronibltintloii of bounty,
bird llmo nnd hoy w-outH, UiIh Hhould
ho prnctlcnlly IitohIhIIIiIo, Anothor
tlo wllh tho honioliiiKl ho ruthloHHly
HlauglitoiT'd hIkhiIi! delight tho mlvo-
cntoH of llorlproolly!
A frlond of I'rofosHor AgiiHHlz, nn
mniiioiil pinctlciil men, onco nxproNHod
his woiMk-r that a mnn of such aliilltte-*
sliouM i-pmriln with Hti'*h n jiiodonito
Iik oino an bu rorolvnd. "1 hnvo no
time to wn Kto In mnklng monoy. I.lfo
Ih not ttufflclontly long to oiiublo a iiuin
to gel, rich and do IiIh duty to IiIh follow mon ul the Hiim-B time." wnn AgiiB-
■Ma*' reply.
IMPERIAL DANK OF CANADA
A brunch of tho Itnpcrlnl llnnk of
Canada hnn been opened at- Redcllffo.
Alberta, under Iho mniinBomcitt of A.
B. Fnrmor, formerly nrrnuntant nt tho
nU'tUticDuu lit nncli ot tlio llnnk.
METHODIST ENTERTAINMENT
Look out for tbo I7t\
j injov & real IrUh nbtht. nt t
per i«nd rcfrenhment, 'JJ.?
Como und
he Met lm-
UtiW. Su*,.-
shoulder IiIh rlflo nnd go down to Ottnwn."
Thin Btntomont hy Mr. II. A. C. Mn*
thin, M.P.P., for Kenorn, In n fipc-crh
n,r.,„.,.,n,i.    .r-....   -,     .;   ,.,    ; ;,,k   ,.;;   ,/.„,  U|f, '^l,, |,,J  ( „,(, («f|J|fi(.|'Villi VC b.'UI'IIK.'l
of SiOfl   tons of coko a dny to the pro-;r<,cent|y *„ the Oddfollow'a Hnll, Ilmnd
Hpoctlng tho compntiy'R proportion, hns
retnrnod with n hopeful vlow of lho
outlook.     Ho snys tho   now;' trndo
duccrs of Western Canndn.
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS
Letters aent In to thla office will
not be pi-blluhe-*. no}*** the lull
name of the correspondent Is Given,
not necetsarlly for publication, but
•t an evidtnee tt flood faith. Uie
any pen name you aee fit, but
fllwaye oive n-*me with addren.
This rule mint be adhered to in
nvijry fnetancc-
vlow Avonuo, brought n huccchsIoii of
choorn nnd nn outburst of Cnnndlnn
Tory enthuslnsm thnt nlmost mined
thn roof off tho building.
.No, he wn«n't n SoclnllHt. but n
"Ii_>a1 niul piiiilotlr ('oiixf-rviiihi',"  n
; "roiiprctnble Inw-nbldlnR citizen," nnd
', n:t hi.: Ulth lu llui lallai. pun »■»» uwnt.
lw hit iiicflgro when audi rnui'iiK ««
, thlH I* frothed nt n mwtlngKd.i
LADIES' AID KNOX CHURCH
Tt> I_»»II«**«* Aid nf tbo tCt-.'w •■■'•ir'h
ulll hold n anlc of Iiome-mmlo d-tlnDon
tn Dw Xiixnomom nt tbo Knnv f'ti'ir _i.
11 April 13th.
OLYMPIA, Mnrch 0.—A Iioubo bill
llilnhi'll'  (iy   HlO  hlllll!  S(!llllt(t  in   oUovt
jfxempiR wfltnen from Jury duty, Tin.'
bill dot*! nol mnko women Ineligible,
but glvon thorn tho right to plcnd ox-
cuso on nrcount nf rox,     If thoy nre
■nlimmrinriil    |ti*r.i<    >.i'ie     ■•. n-r.   tt    tl , •■
wish.
Aftrr n IwohourB' fight the Ronnie
pnnwFd tho Cnmpboll bill,   providing
tbnt eight linnrn ahnll coiifltltuto    n
dny'H work for women engaged In inor*
cnntllo mnnufnrturlng, hotel, roRtriu-|
rnnt nnd Inundrv w.irtr,     Tlio hnn«i**»j
provlHlon mnklng n» cx_ inplfoti of fruli \
nnd fluh rnnncrlf**?, wwix killed, the fl*>li'
rnnnery evemptlrtn tiflng def-cntel '.'*'
to IB, nnd Dw fruit rnnnerleH lo _ln-_ j
SR to !.'>      An *ffoif by Mr. Arrow-
nmlth to nmond (ho Mil tn ma!;.* Vim-
hour* n dny'H work wnn nl«o defofn!
55 to 13.
Th*» Lothbrldgo Ilcrnld In
reporting W. 11. Powell during
the roiivoiitlon    rolntlvo    to
ni..-,. i* *t r.'ii. i.i i i » '
the IIoiiho at Edmonton, Attn.,
Inndiorionlly trnnspo,i_*d tho
Htiitoment, but Inter upon being Informed of tlio error,
made Dw necoHHiiry correction. However, nn many who
row] tho fir it refinr. ildl hm(
t,tUi Hie le< lliii'lillon, we
dretii It opiiiirnme to (nil nl-
ton'lon to 11. f,i(t Mini mi
the ('iicsiiiiii of O'Hiiiti'rt pro-
|.n*>e<| riiiieinliuont to thc Conl
Mlnrs: Hi'giil.ntluii. be urgiil
Hint thf COAL SHOULD DE
WEIGHED FIRST AND
TWFN SfiRFFNFD
Mr«. Cree Is bail. :iraln. lionu- fioiu
bor Hojourn In v.-irlmis Knntorn clDo*.
*9>
!♦ ♦
i ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦-♦♦♦
i • PAGE TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 11, 1911.
"AT IT HERE SIItCE 1900V
■T-obw.1
'CO.LTO.
'_!__gf_SER
rSSavelourJIonef/
*Srmyieric.e*]1ow!
"VSc \rant evoyonetokiow
%it we are_;paym§ ■*
1 pcranmrr. credited mftilf
on saving deposited-
& upward) subject ToWilV
i toalbf cheque &*^
on Me deposits of*
Sfmoiilb k over. -
Wc invest mimcf for clients
in first mortgagee &*3o a
general fTnanciaUusincss.
We want^ur saving accril
fcifyou are not savin*} -
sysTematicaftY'*, *■*■•«-•+-
Commence NOW WiltiUS.
Deposit, "by mail ^^"^
, t ■*■ •+• easily "handied—
"YolTcau send bxl_rat!,
Posf Office-*-G^press'
Order or Rc^erejT^ .
Letter & withdrawals
car; be msifit+~+~+~2 _■+
' * •*- aty way you wish .■
".Dim.; Bystreets,
or To anyone in■+
^VMGOUVeR-
Write us about ft Way
Do it now!!!!!
B(]lV,%SE!l|!i().LTB.
321 fate Street,
i^Vaj\co\iver B.C.^
7%e Employed and
The Unemployed
It IscMinintoil thnt
tlio nvcriii^u m.'iii is
wortii %'i 11 ila>- from
tlio neck tltiwii- what
Js lio worth from tlio
ncc-k up*
■ That dcpmil-i pn-
(Ircly upon tniiiiini,'.
Ifyoii nro trninuri so
(tint yon plnn niul
direct work you nro
wortii ten tlmon ns
iiuiL'h ns Iho ui.'iii
who cnn win.i only
under orders.
Tho lnl_rn. IlonaI
Coiram.ndiflci Schooll
ro to tl.o mnn wlio Is
fitniirnlltur nlonir on
fiinnllpny nnd sny to
Iiim, Wo will trnln
you for proinniion
rlulit whoro you nro,
or wo will (imilliy
ynu lo tnko un ft
moro comri-nliil lino
of work nt n much
blither Biilnry,"
ICvory month fov-
trnt hnndlod Mil-
(k>nia voluntarily
ioport ndviim-i-mrnt
(is tho direct n'Milt
of I. C. K. tralninc ,
Vmino-*il noi 1" _-/i»
your prrncnt woik,
or your own lumio.
Murk thla coupon at
once dml mall It.
♦ INTKBNATIONAtfOnHHSI'OMUNti; SCHOOLS ♦
; Dot 799, Scranton, I'a. *
* rlrmi" rtiilnliii   • I'lin'ii   Iiiitl.'f i.|.:i| ,n|. n . " my
liml, li"** I run i|«,iHly (ui ,11 .ii'.'i _. 11.t_■ mul *
_il.unifiuiriit Id ilie |,<i.nH*ii   lu'l.ira
ullU li    I    hnvo   1115IK. ll   X.
M WHter
Archlt_jl(MRl nr*IU'tibn
htui*.C-iri) Wrlttr
Atrtictuitl i"i.(_'''Mr
WiniUi*_ lilmiiiff
Mnic|i|r»IUmlUi(ui
CUII K*fvtc*i En ma.
rontriclor **vl Hull llf
Of.-amer-tii Dei-ye'ir
f .__#ma>i .'luii'liif
Miblt-tdifail tuju-.-uf'f
f *■*._ in,liett
Mf__li_K*iK.__. l_ ■Htitni'i
fl,  It. t<J).*t.WUHf*.n £<*().
rvrrrnafi Mi.m lit
ii^t**yt*
F,lt(.tfl(iai Injicnf
tfwtm Lfglfitur
t-'lKilrlcmn
■Tnenm.
t'o**ifl)lillt_»i 8lJ|i1i
fl(,«ii-k«fr*r
Aii'tiittul
Hxer-t,it*b<*t't
Orthodox economists, among whom
are to be included not only, tbe "classical economists," but also the so-called
modern—in distinction to the Marxian
—economists all hold the same views
in regard to capital and labor.' Starting with Adam Smith down to the present day the capitalist with them is a
man endowed-villi-.peculiar gifts. He
is industrious, saving and Mse. He;
according to their account, saves up
all the way from a few hundred dollars to thousands of dollars from wages
—even if they are next io nothing—
aiid then starts in husiness, manufacturing 6r similar ventures. The worker, on the other hand, is described ,as
one who is either incapable, a'spendthrift, a drunkard or something similar tout, and hence not fit for anything but labor.
These gentlemen evidently are poor
historians, We havo only to read'history as far back as Feudalism and we
see that the beginning of individual
wealth was not superior intellect and
industry, but robbery. We know that
the greater.robber was the wealthier
gentleman. Robbery, often plain
highway robbery, the loot ' of war,
slaughter and more robbery were the
sources of wealth in feudal times.
Let lis como. down to the present
era and quote Adam Smith, the great
standby of, the "classical" and modern
school of economists. *** Ho says:
"Parsimony, and not industry, is the
immediate cause of the. increase In
capital, industry, indeed provides the
subject which parsimony accumulates,
but whatever industry' might acquire
if parsimony..did not. serve and store
up, the .capital* would never be the
greater'.'    , , .
Here is fine economics for you and
this is* the economics taught in the
schools. Beautifully our class room
wiseacres speak of the lack of thrift
of the four to six million of men who
form the constant/; standing army of
our unemployed, and who suffer, (Is
privations of which \y**_ can form no
idea. They speak of lack of thrift of
the millions of child workers, working
all day for a few pennies ancl deprived
of all that makes -life worth living.
They speak of lack of thrift in the
millions of women .wage workers
whose very life is wrought with,
sacrifice. They speak of lack of thrift
of thc six'million of laborers who earn
about ?40 per month at hard labor and
share this with tlieir families. , Worse
than that, manual .labor is with these
economists the insignia of mental and
moral inaptitude. **
K.o ,__capi__a]_J£_iii)L!hej
UNION   ELECTRIC  STRIKE
VIGOROUSLY  PUSHED
How Poor Chas Cully was Eectrocuted
—Farce of a Coroner's Inquest
Strikingly Described.—How the Verdict was given as "Accident."
mony nor the lack of it and unemployment caused by mental and moral inaptitude.- Capital is' the result of
special privileges, always has been and
is now. Lack of capital and employment is the result of these special
privileges of Uic few ovei* the many,
T-Torc is what the great modern historian, A. Fairlio, says in his history
of capital in regard to this,, point. • T
quote from his "Essay on Municipal
Administration." This will he especially interesting to American readers
as he is dealing with early American
affairs particularly.
ITe says: "Nono but freemen of the
borough could practice nny art, trade
mystery of manual occupation or
merchandising husiness -within the
borough except, during the great fairs.
In Norfolk, Virginia, the freemen' had
an advantage even during the fairs, as
they were exempt from one-half of the
tolls. The monopoly of trade must
have been a privilege of some importance in the early days: Albany had
a monopoly of all trading with the
Indians-to the north and west of-the
city, which must have been an iin-
portant advantage to the free men of
that place. Here ve must remember
tliat the Albany charter had' a provision'that to obtain tho freedom of
tfie city, thc applicant must be twenty-
one years old, a resident of the city,
possessing a freehold estate therein,
or a resident for two years having
personal property to the valuo*of fifty
pounds. New York nad a monopoly
of bolting flour from 1GS1 to the passage of the Bolting Act. The Now
York corporation admitted ,810 freemen between 1683*1740. The number
still 'living In "1740 must have been
very much less than 810 and this out
of a population of 12,000. .The restrictions of this privillge were still more
strict in England.
From this we conclude that privileges, then as now, not thrift, were' the
origin of capital. It Is a well-known
fact that the fortunes of modern times
wereamassed by acquisition" of ' a
privilege class of the natural resources
and the machinery of production.and
distribution,, ■    .
' This shows plainly how" much at
variance is class room* speculation with
historical facts, how much at variance
bourgeois philosophy with scientific
economics. This same erroneous judgment of facts and data in regard ■ to
the employed applies only more so to
the unemployed.
The present industrial system is such
as to make nearly all labor unem-'
ployed at least during certain periods
of the year. Only a small per cent
of labor" is permanently employed.
The savings during the term of employment, if such there be, are regularly
used.'during non-employment. The
result is that most labor is most of
the time on the ragged edge of poverty
and bankruptcy. How peculiarly vicious then becomes that syllogism of
reasoning rather lack of reasoning of
our orthodox economists,'which would
ascribe the poverty of the masses to
personal qualities mainly, somewhat in
the style of_our physicians only a* hundred years ago who ascribed all illness to indwelling evil, spirits.    ,
While we at no, timo dare ignore
the personal equationr we must never
_br"_fot~a"s~a"_causej'of~conditiorisi—If—a t-
times appearances seem to disprove
this, let us remember' the law of heredity which causes frequently the reappearance of traits in individuals net
in accordance with existing conditions
nor,-even with those of a generation-
before. „
I would conclude hence that in
dealing with economic problems wo do
not pursue the path, of the witch doctor and hunt* for devils, but that we
rationally and deliberately Investigate
conditions and remedy economic evils
in' accordance with modern insight,—
JOSEPHINT, W, ELSTON, B.S., in the
Social Democratic Herald,'
The Electrical Workers are still on
strike against; the Union Light Co.
a* 10 per cent increase and better wonting conditions.' ■
In our last week's letter he* told
you how one of.the unfair men, working for* the Union Electric Light Co.,
met an untimely death by being electrocuted, while at work on a pole,'on
account of his inexperience at the
husiness when employed' ,by the
Union Electric Light Cp., at the time
of our strike, and secondly, on account of the company not having any
practical men in any of'the gangs to
try and do some thing for their fellow
man should he get "hung up."
Wo will now givo you an outline
of the Inquest over the dead body of
this poor unfortunate, Charles Cully;
then judge for yourselves as to what
chances the common people have with
a corporation* like tne Union Light
Co., or with the courts, after a "mock"
inquest, as this was.
We had our picket, W. A. Shear-
wood by name, picketing this gang.
They were working on Natural Bridge
road and Newstead avenue. Brother
Sherwood was standing in front of a
saloon, northwest, corner of Natural
Bridge road and .-Newstead avenue, directly across the street from the pole
on which Cully was burnt up. P.N.J.
Bonner, of 4329 Lexington avenue was
also there. The foreman, Ed. Tate,
was over 200 feet north, on Newstead
avenue, away from the pole on which
this accident happened. The .nearest
man to Culley was Ed. Bond, "another
strike-breaker" (who came direct from
the Missouri Pacific, shops, at Ewing
avenue and the Misiiurl Pacific tracks
where he had been scabbing on the
machinists, and who never worked a
day at any business prior to our strike)
who 'was across the street from Cully,
going*, up a pole with his back to Cully,
and about fifteen feet above ground.
Xo one saw tho accident, excepting
Mr. Bonner and a Mr. Klockman, who
were together, and our. picket, W. A.
Sherwood, ' Foreman Tate ran lo the
pole and hallowed for a pole ladder.
Ilo liad to wait until one of the ground
men brought the ladder to.him; then
he waited until one of the other so-
called linemen came down "from the
pole and brought .him a hand line.
Foreman Tate then had to' go np the
pole and place this hand line in such
a position that the other journeyman
could lower Cully to the ground.'Fifteen minutes' time was consumed in
doiiig~tliis_—So*Ht~surely~niiiSL~apperir
to every ono who reads this tliat poor
,Cully was dead a long time beforo lie
-was lowered to the ground. The accident'happened at 10.30 a.m., the
Mth'day of February*.
The coroner's.inquest was hold on
Wednesday morning, the 15th. At
the inquest the' policeman who made
the'report and tho doctor who was
summoned after Cully was taken off
the polo dead, testified, and this in
I lie' faco of the fact that three men ac.
tually saw the, accident, and wero
present at the coroner's office at the
time of the inquest.-was held, but were
not allowed or called upon to testify.—
45 Steam-Heated Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading , Commercial; Hotel
The Finest Hotel iii East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
*/,
"•_ HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO.     *
Capital Authorised .v.$10,000.000.00..Capital Subscribed   $5,575,000
Capital   Paid   Up   ...'...$5,575,000       Reserve Fund, ....$5,575,000.
D. R. WILK-IE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
1      BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT .
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH       ,','■■. GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager **
.0 T„
WHY   DROP   MONEY?,
Through buying* your wines and liquors  at retail when" by ordering
•from us you get the lowest whole-
* sale price.
A   CASE   OF   OUR   LIQUORS  ,
WiU'.cost you* about half as much
per bottle as if you bought it in*
the ordinary way. Order a case,
make the saying, and get better
liquors besides.
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
Fernie,  B,  C.
EMIGRATION   FROM   ITALY
KENNEDY & MANGAN
FROM THE.FOREST
' .To you, (the lumber we sell - is
carefully inspected. Every step-
in its' preparation is closely
scrutinized' as that when it
reaches you,"there will be no
, unsuspected
1     c- .  ',   ' *: .   '    '
BAD SPOTS ■
^All this care we insist upon, for'
' we want to sell you more than
"one bill of lumber.     If we can
satisfy you   on   your first pur- *
chase we can on the others.
OFFICE and YARD,   MCPHERSON   AVE., OPP. G. N.   DEPOT,   FERNIE
"V
By' Moses  Oppenheimer
The   special   correspondent   of   the
Vienna  Arbeiterzeitung "furnishes  interesting  and  instructive  data  about
emigration from Italy.   ,
Available statistics go back as far as
1S7G. In that year about 1S0.000 left
Italy. ' About^ 20,000 of these wont
a-__iiQSS_th.e_oc.ean. Sinc_-th_cn_emigra-
WOULD GIVE THEIR
BLOOD FOR  MONEY
Unemployed  Grasp Chance to Transfuse Fluid to Save Patient
A'lHtif- 	
♦ Sirrrl iii'i.  AV*,.
I City	
littitt-
— i    - —i    i -■_  i in     .    i.    i_
CATHOLICS   AND   80CIALISM
A inciiUliK v*i<tJt iii;ih i.i,-*.,' .Si.*.1.1.:)
\vi'<_*k, unili-r ill- aiiajikt-a of tho Cadi-
lie Soiinlihi .Soilciy In l\w Co-f-j-*r;«-
tlvo Hull, (.llUHKOw, nt which the cliuli-
T.i'in ("'imirlllnr .John Wh-Millpv, nnl'1
ttint information hud lic-un received
Mint tlio Vatican iitiiliorltlcH had In-
Htltiitod nn Inquiry Into lho Hprciul of
SorlnllKin nmotiK Cnlliollf-K, nnd Iuul
nppolntod n Jc-hiiK elerKyiiuiii Iu curry
PHILADELPHIA.—To obtain a pint
Of lumi nn blood which may ho needed
for a weakened patient, Dr. Funk, chief
resident physician nt Uio "' Jefferson
Uospitnl, consented to tho insertion
recently of nn advertisement for that
monsuro of lifo fluid.
Thirty men, iniuiy ot thom anxloiiR
for n dollar, responded to tho ndvor-,
tlnomom, but only ono hnlf of "thom ro-
nininod lo let tho surgRon mnko tho
pick. Tho others slipped away nftor nn
uneasy wait In nn ntmosphero of other
nnd n sitting In which mirglcnl Instruments wore prominent. Mnny of tho
nppllcnnth woro men who hnd no em*
ployuiLllit,
Tho yniuiK mem wore not. nskod to
idvo up tliolr hlood for nothing. Tlin
nilvortlsoriioiit snld thoy would rncclvo
"uny rownrd nsluid."
Tin? advertisement cnlli'd for "n
lioaltliy, robust, mlil'.li.- yoiinn iiiiui."
Vnliintcoi'M woro told to report to the
,I(jfl'('i'tiini Hospital nl !l o'clock,
Operation 'Necessary
T.onin WiiHucrninii, of Hint nml Hni
Labor's Wages of Risks
Ry Jos. TS. Cohen
Tho tlmo seoms to havo gono by
-•A hen, those 'who defend things ns thoy
bo, nrguc thnt, whilo tho cnpllnllnt re-
coives nn Income which lio doos not*
opi'ii, ho is, nevertheless entitled lo It
Iu'c-.usp of the "risk' whicn ho riin.i.
'rhis was alwnys n very unhappy
aifiiinicnt^ For It in now pwJ.y Ron-
ornlly known thnt tho grow*, fortune
lind thoir stnrt In **\n.l sronls, gobbing
up of nnturnl rosourcos by false nur-
voylug, ncqulrlnB frniiclilsos by polluting tho loglHlntunis, nnd talcing ndvnntngo of tho government In tlmo of
(HnlroBH lo sell It rotton Hiippllos nnd
extort n big rnto of inloront on monoy
lonnod.
Hnvlng gotten together consldornblo
monoy Homohow, It wnsihivofltod, The
purposo of liivi'Minc'iit Is to get money
without, doing nnythlng for It, And
nn lho enpllnliRt nvgued,' for running
lho "risk" of nol, getting moro monoy
without t'lirnliif. It, ho Hhould hnvo ull
he win got. This wns his "wngew of
risk,"
UniKir.-HSiiry to nny, thore never wns
nny finding out Junt, how much tlio
wages nf rink urn. Theno wiigon nro
inlwnys rnlloclnil fl ret—tho npology for
Htf-ti tilreet, Is the pntleiil,    Ho In mi. jtnkliiK tliom nnmo nfU-rwiirdu,
fi'i'.ui. from nn ulcer of tiio slomiicli,
and nn cpi.ration Ih m-cesHiiry to nnvr>
hlm, Tlio doctors In chnrgo of IiIh
ense nro afraid thut llm nporntlnn will
inn huHlnoKH bociimo t runt fled nnd
the monopoly Hinge wns renclied. With
competition destroyed, loglHlntiircH
owned body nnd breeches, conrtH   fnr
woiikon  hlm  (Inngoroimly,  and   tlioy |„wny f,.nn, t)l(j popular volco, tho In-
come of thn cnpItnllHt cIiihh Inoroiu-iert
hy leupH nml boiiinlH, And tho risk
tliey rnn wiih ho mengro thnt It, would
tnko n Rolontlflr expedition to find It
ni nil.
JiiHt to tho oxlonl that rink fell, tho
■ *      *   i*  nt fl-p i-iilln" flion  vixno      Tlto
want nt liaiiil n henltliy, nlli.-itk)
young men from whom blond cnn he
iiiHtuntly tni))!ifii*-*od nfier the ulcer Ih
removed, lu ciiho it Ih necesKnry,
Volunleoi'H begun npponrliig nt the
liotipltul beforo ll o'clock. Ily ft o'clock
f,,\\,. M.ii-t.' ynnnrr tY-inr. hnd ronpniuleil
iV.>   iv."*   nt
the,, pr-iiftinitliii! hcHiiltnl Hindis, nnd
wherever tlmy turned their oyes tliolr
gnmi rested olilior on (-.lining i*»nwi*i,
Kit-inning hcIhhoih, bnlnfiil looking
liinccH or bandages. Kvcry now nnd
.then n robust, athletic looking young
on Dw Inquiry In nrff.'iln.     .o fnr ho!,,,,,„_ xv\,,x „ ynir> fnrf would rlto nnd
hnd nought his Information tiniong the
iilijiniifiith xd &>,i___.U.'._il, v.'Mcli pro'*-"-
durfl could only lend to proju-l. viJ
«diicJuftlriTi**. Why -.11-1 he not approach
tho r.t!hr.llf-S(K'!»ll*t Society, whlrh ,
«-it-iie. cm Ito work In a public milliner j
nml would haw Wn df-Ilchted ;a ti.-n*
ihr  ii-irtUui. e?   Lar.-.r Lender,  J.on, i
i
.Inn,
nnd almost tn n mnn they rofiiRiiil lo-MwM.v of ,wnKPH    nf r,„k,. „,„,,, „0
glvo iheir niuiK-H,    „ | longer HntlHfy oven tho HiwyorH of tho
A dozen or luoie of the volmitoon corp0rlllion.     s„ „„, „,cury JllBt W„(C(,
]yt xUIr nerve during Hie wait ton , ft„ ,r(W> of „ ,, f   t ,„,.
Dr, Funk's nrrlvnl.     Tho nlr of "■*' U|,i„i|,r|„K
room In which they mt wiih clu.rged i    go inllcl\ fnr ,„„ r„)lltn,|H,H.
>.-_  ... wv... :.,..,,_ ,:,* .',** - u
farmum si ill lend a proeniloiiH ox-
Isteiice, Tliey run the risk of lonlng
their ciopH nnd their nil through mich
liiiprovniilnblti ciiiihuh iir hnlliitormR,
frost, ilroiightH, floods, blight, nnd
the like, And, until the olomontB nro
entirely 'nni"d. unnw tyntont of In*
Hitrniice must be found poBHlblo under
flivoriimcnlnl snperrlNlnn or runtingo-
l!l!l2___!12IL_lto iu pr.*p«r umioq ; faciei: don  guthwed in  the Industrlnl  ton-
».r.i ml <.iti.li..*, I'r«walni«ttn-ay in I aIIuxua! | fr(-,_,
wraiciifit Jivcrl-wl it enr«.    _ h'-M.phoiiol will l     _,' , .__.,.
-_v?»--i ***.b*wnun.  dice is*imt,fut*-*- mi    Thoy nre for ever riiniilnR tho rink
ro., M?rwh*"i»J«;om. tb-,,"oW,n,ru*r|*nr life nnd limb ut their occupation**.
\ AUuoiU defy 'rad" hn;' \tn own dun
Tor Sale at Dleaidelt'i  Drug 8tor«. j (?er« nnd Its* pc-cullur <ll»enno» which
bring down a lnrftcproportion of thoso
who pursuo it,
Moreover, tho worker Is novor far
nwny from tho four of being displncod
by a moro perfect mnchlno, by superior methods, or hy lho removal of
tho fnctory to somo other section of
the  country or foroip-n lnnd.
These evils nro pnrt. and parcel of
Uio present wny of doing things. They
nro tho bono nnd flhor of capitalism.
And thoy will not. entirely be wiped
out until wo hnvo Socialism.
Now, Soclnlism not. bolng n utopln,
but nn orgnnlc growth, tho Soelnllst
Ih. nlwnys doing whnt. ho cnn to nr-
rnngo things for tho bot tor,*
Ro ho supports ovory gomilno movomont for socinl roform,
Llko bo mnny ithei* good tilings
"mndo In fiennnny," tho bost system
of Insnrnnce ngiilnnt tho risks tho
workors run Is bolng practised In flor*
mnny. Ocniiniiy set tho pneo and the
other nntlons nro hnrd pudlioil to keep
,np with II. Of courso, tho SoclnllHt
voto explrJiiH thnt.
Amorlcn Ih tlio moHt ImcUwnnl
country lu tho mnttni* of Inbori lngls-
lilt Ion. And l-eniiBylvniilii, Hin fore-
moRl IndiiHli'lnl Bt alo, Inga iih fnr behind nn nny,
I'omiHylvnnln, however, Iiiih renchod
lhe point where it (loon not hold tho
death of one worker due to the negli-
genco of iiiiollior worker, iih nono of
the einplnyor'H ImirIimhh, Tho CiiHey
lliiblllty law wIpoH out tho "fellow
Hervunt" elniiHo, which most sUitcs ntlll
hnve. "
Dili employei'H' lliiblllty Ih not of lho
flrHt moment to tho jvorkor, Whnl
lio renulrcH moHt Is flnnnclnl iihrIhIiuico
when injured nt work, or Homo re-
enmnonwe to the fnmllv dopondlii.*.
upon him when nccldontn lirlugR hlm
io nu ,iiiiuiiii-ly ileal (i,
That explains why Poiui.sylvmiSn'B
Soelnllst loci .ntor la ao lnterented In
n workliiKmen'H eompeiiRfttlon net.
Fernie Opera Hous
quietly depart.
nm- nt »inn *ii'or'**-.rn on strike iit
Loh ,AiKi'!i*s iii the nifitnl Irndos,
broworlei, mesHengor r.orvlco nnd urlnt
!ng cr.iftH, only ftitht deHorted Dw
union fitniidnrd, Thin In n reinnrk-
nblo allowing whon U I" confildored
thnt iho open shpppo[;a rosortod to
brl'.erv. i.ollro porrojurlen nnd oi"xr.r
MfilioiiH _• brenk llio innku of tho
men. It should not bo.forgeittcn Mint
the journeymen tnllorn dofenled their
boRuei. combliio which nttompled to
destroy tin- union som-n tlmn ago, «>•'■
thnt the iinlnim nre In fnct Rfronwir
to-dny thnn ever beforo In the hUtory
of J.r.s ATisr-lf«. The -iv_>e*n fthopjM-rn
nro rolru* to hnvo n morry tlmo beforo
thoy cnisli oigiiiizicil labor.
tion across tlio-sea has' steadily increased. In 1S87 it amounted already
to 130.000, in 1889 to 204,000, A crisis
in agriculture had swelled the figures
'quite suddenly, during the previous
few years: Now the* flow* reversed
for some time until the first year of
tho new century again shows an enormous increase to 270,000, -Further
swelling* of the current shows high'
tide in 1900, when 512,000 enigrants
crossed the seas in, quest of new
homes. For several years following
the stream rose and fell, showing finally, 399,000 transatlantic emigrants in
19011. The industrial crisis ' in tho
United Stales is given as tho main
cause for the fall of emigration figures prior to 1909,
Emigration from Itnly to other pnrts
of tho European continent is nlso considerable, but less varying as in numbers. Thoro Is a good deal of seasonal emigration, workers seeking
work whorovor it cnn bo found nwny
from their own country. Tlioy usually go nwny for the summer and come
homo for tho wlntor,
VnrloiiH pnrts ot Itnly pnrtlcipnto
differently In thin emigration of tho
working clnss. The provlnco of Vcno-
tin furnishes tho largest, porcontngo of
Hensonnl wandoroi's, nn nvorngo of
2,07't to ovory 100,000 of population.
Xoxt follows Umbrla with 1,033, Piedmont with 028, Emllln, i.ombnrdy, Tos-
ennn nnd so forth, In northern Itnly
Llpvirla with her *moro highly dovo*
loped Indiistrlnlisin, her moro prosperous populnllon nnd hor hlghor wngos,
Iiiih tho lowest sensonnl migration, 187
per 100,000 populnllon, In southern
Italy tho sensoiinl migration la of loss
extension, Only tho .Ahrir/z) and
.Snrdlniii hIiowIiik higlioi- flguioH, .123
nnd !iri2 rospoctlvoly.
(leogrnphlenl eondltlniiB furnish tho
koy to the dlfforonco. Vtorn smith-
cm Itnly It. Ih iiIuiorI iib difficult to
Journey to cent nil Europe ns ll, Ih to
go ncroBH the ocean. Moreover, tho
Houth Ih Htlll fnr moro ngrlcultiirnl
thnn IndiiHti'lnl In character, Agricultural workors nrn moro In domnnd In
IrniiHlnntln coiiiitrloH thnn In contral
l'.iiropo.
Ti'iiiifintlnnlle emigration tnlies Its
mnterliil largely from Cnliihi'ln, !l,ri!*.0
omlgnintH to evory 100,000 of population, Then follow Ahruzzl with 3,100,
lliiHlllcntn with 2.S00, Sicily with
2,,"00.
Iu northorn Itnly Piedmont fiirnlHlios
tho InrgoBt". emitIngoiit—OUI, whilo con*
Imi Italy contributes l,400 onilgraiitH
from onch 100,000 of Inlinbltnntti. Sur*
». nln, with 299 emigrants, hIiowh llm
lowoRt flguro. DlHtroHH, the main mn-
| tlvo, i» by no niL-iiUH iii.tji'iii in iMiir-1
xlliilu. Hul Du: bduiiil b, Hb\w] (ii:i*'
time In iniuiy wnys. Thoro Ih i.i 111 n
Htrong pnlt'liichnl sontlmcnt, old fnnli-
loned fnmlly lifo nnd cotiHldornble "g*
nornneo,
The fltrnres given relnte to tho ycni*
J!.(}.'), Uiiiikllleil Inlioi' prerloinliintoH;
.1I.C per cent of nil emigrant's wero
from tho ngrlcultiirnl element, Rhop*
linrd« or wood omen; :\\,"i por cont
unskilled Inhorors In tlio building trndo:
0,0 per cent miiHotiH, lUjiiceuitoM er
bilckmnkorH. Of other IndiiHtrlos thorn
wero nbout 11 per cent,
Tlio reason for tho lnrgo percentage
of iiitttkilled wim'KuU U Ihu Tncl Unit.
ltnlj'H labor mnrket Iiiih not n Riiffl-
elent domnnd for thnl rlnsR of worker .
wlillo the lnbor market tthrond eager*
ly iihrtorbt', unskilled lnbor' nt low
watres. *■ >t mnny of the Itnllnn
workern Hit down hero ns unskilled
ennlly nrnilre hh;l,er skill when work-
VaudevilSe
A. Pi/.zocolo, ' Mgr.
lug nbrond, owing to theii' Intolllgonco
and powor of ndnptatloii.
The classlficntlon of tho emigrants
iih to Iholr destlnntlon is somewhnt
misleading, Tho omlgmiitH Hlatlng
to his homo officials wnoro ho monns
to go, in order to socuro n punsport,
may easily chnngo his mind subROiiii-
ontly, or- mny purposely hnvo given
Incorrect statements.
Tho figures show that in .1909 3G.18
per cont of tho totnl emigration wont
lo Europo, and tho countries bordorlng
on tho Mediterranean, while 03.82 por
cent wont over, soiib. .America took
03.15(1 per cent, of whom 41 per cont,
went, to lho United Stntos.
A closo nuiilyslH of oiiilgriitlon Hint-
IhIIcb wouurprolinbly show Unit thoro
Is n lino beyond whicli emigration diH-
cIohoh n morbid Htnto of tho body
Houlnl, nn Impoverishing clement In
tho lifo of the homo country, This Ib
pnrtlciilnrly truo lu tlio cnnoof Ireland, flpnln nnd Itnly. In Uioho coun-
triGH emigration Ih producing bnrreii-
iiohh of tho nnl Ivo noil cmisikI hy luck
of workorH, In tho ciihc of Italy nnotlior remiirkiible roimll Ih to bo notoil
Its hiiiidredH of UioiihiiikIh nmlgrnnlH
thnt oventiiully rot urn' homo aftor n
protracted Rlay In foreign InndH hnvo
iost n gront portion of thoir physical
KtroiiKth through UiborailosW. hyphllla
nnd nlcolioUam, tho cvIIb nciiulrod
nbrond,
Workiiigman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
V
Ross & Mackay ?Jm
OFPERED   EDITOR8HIP7
INDIANAPOLIS, hid.—A' report la
(v.i-rrt '.'I t*!'.!. oily thnl Xnhxt Mt'oholl
Ih hi heennvi thf, editor of llio Mlno
WorkorH' .lonninl, tho official or<uu of
tho oigutil/nUji' Ilit! preneiif. editor
hns it-signed, "H';d the exccutl'-'-ft Iwmiii
will reloct liln nutctii**rnr, It Ih onld
thnt Mltcholl ,h'in heen ol'ered tho
^tA-vt'. ■_ v -a.; .£  _i» iti::r.:y'.
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
Contractors
& Builders
Opon fin' all kinds of IiuhIiu>hh
in their lino
Addross Box 07
Fornio
NORTHERN
HOT. EL
i
Wm. Eschwiffi Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe, Attached
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
KING'S HOTEL
llir _>i.(-|.li<*_l wiih   lhe  Vi(>.sl Y.Tl*,.(..j,
]J(|uoi'H iiiiiI Cih'im*
DIN1NO  ROOM  IN  OONNKCTION
Willinm Gioon eJtMod to mio ata'e
HOinito of Ohio ik Dw hiBt oloctlon, tho
mnn who rnn ngnlnwi LoivIr for I'pro.
nldont it yonr ngo Inttt Novombor, wiib
Bpokon of nH tho mnn who wnn lo bo
tlto noxt odltor of tho Journal. Oreen
l« n tons(_vvAtlvc In polltlc«, thougli he
oppoiiod Ixswls becniiBO of tho Inttor'B
coiiucrvotfsm In the orfinnl?fiHoiit
On the other hnnd, If Mitchell ho-
eomoR odltor of tho offldnl orgnn of
tho nilneiB, Jt U liellftvc-d hy mnny
that ho will uro It to hit nt tho Hoclnl-
UU who hnvo been »uc,i nn Importnnt
fnctor In compelling lilm to withdraw
irom lho Civic V'dd-cvuUon.
W, MILLS,
Prop
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦■♦
♦  . ♦
^ NOTICE ♦
*r Owing to the Mine* at Coal ♦
*> Creek onl/ being partially op* ♦
•. erntitrt, nnd thn numher of IHIa ♦
•_ men very large, all workers ♦
e> tra requeited te itay away ♦
4» from Fernie until further ad- +
4> vised.                   D. WEES, ♦
♦ Secretary ♦
♦ •«•>
*♦•*♦♦•♦♦♦♦•♦♦■♦■♦'*♦•_•■♦♦ THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, MAROH 11, 1911.
PAGE THREE
^*k**i
tr*******************kkkk***k**********************-
Why Mothers Should be Socialists
U»¥->MMf-*M^*»*»4**f¥y»v-y¥ **^)f)(****ipf*if.x^*Ai
By Lena W, Leonard.
'* Every physically and menially nor-
> mal woman at some time In her life
desires motherhood.    Every real, true
, woman will admit that. ., Biit let ub
see how the woman, to-day, meets the
expectant realization of her mother,
instinct.
Whether It be for the first or tho
tenth time, every expectant motnor
feels instinctively the joyful thrill of
the Creator, the one who is doing
something, who Is giving expression
to the .best that is in her. Sho Is
about to give the world part of herself, .nay, more than that. All that
is best and noblest in hor, plus* tho
flne-t and truest that is in tho ono
other being nearest to her, sho wishes
to combine in tho new little lifo sho
is about to bring Into tho world. This
little being sho feels must bo more
perfect than she, and she* becomes
greatly concerned about Its welfare
both physically nnd mornlly. She
looks about to gather whatovor assurance she may that her child will
not lack the necessities of life and tho
proper environment necessary to a
fuller, n%.re complete living. All
* thought of self is obscured In the fervent hope that' it will at least enjoy
some of the comfofts that have boon
denied her. Thus, consciously or unconsciously, she begins to consider her
■ condition from a practical standpoint!
We will not take into consideration
■ the mother who is' economically Independent. She has no fear whatever
that her child will not be properly
cared for.*1' She aluo knows that she
herself will have the best care and
attention' possible.' ., Perhaps to her
-motherhood holds only oue horror,
that is, merely the physical. dlscom-
' fort and danger. But we, are concerned with the working woman whose
husband is also a' hard.working Indi-
<. vldual. She knows she will not have
the best,- and in many cases. not even
enough of the bare necessitiies to make
hor burden" of childbearing lighter,
But even so, motherhood to her.ceases
to be a mere physical function. - Her
physical pains are as nothing compared^ to the moral anguish she begins to
* feerwitli the approach of what is to
her an added responsibility, on her
part.   .
The gravest responsibilities begin
after birth.* It is by no means true,
as some would think, that.the worst
is over with the safe recovery of the
mother.. In fact.the scientists insist
that the parents' responsibility'begins
-, * long before birth. ' .The / working
' woman realizes this 'too, but she has
precious little time to devote to the
study of. eugenics; And','even-if she
could, her_ limited means, would not
p"ermirh_F't^f611ow^thTTdvi"M^f"t"fie'
doctors. Her home duties are too numerous,' and often a poor mother
looks forward to.the few days in hed
as the only littlo relief from the daily
routine. Such a mother, of course,
cannot hope to carry out tho instructions . her physician' gives her about
not doing scrubbing and washing, and
bending and reaching, and above all,
being ln a cheerful frame of mlrid all
tho time. She hns enough to do to
make both ends meet besides managing somehow to put asldo a little
for a rainy day.
. With tho coming of motherhood,
her business instinct senses another
difficulty: How, to meet the Increase
in expenditure without an increase In
her family Income. Surely her husband's wages aro not increased accordingly, Sho must solve.. It by
pinching nnd scraping moro than oyer.
Ono is forced to wonder why lu tho
faco of nil thoso dlscburnglng facts
mothers will toil pntlontly on, bonding
nnd, breaking ' undor thoir burdens
without oven stopping to n8k the
question: "Why is nil this expected
of us?" A mechanic Is schoolod and
carefully proparoil to do his work boforo ho hoKlnst Ho Is not oxpoctod to,
follow a hundred nnd ono dlfforont
linos of work, If ho would ho an ox-
port or ovon n good workman. But n
mother Is oxpoctod to contribute to
socloty without socloty in turn Inking
caro that hor contribution sliouhl bo
for tho bottormont and not for the detriment of human progress, Why
should so littlo opportunity ho glvon
, the riiotliors of tho raco to accomplish
thoir  "world task'"  moro  offlclontly?
How can succeeding, generations . he
physically, mentally and morally better than the preceding one without
shouldering at least some of the, responsibility, thus making a*more perfect race possible?
Under our present system the least
valuo Is placed on the most . vital
things of * life. The. scientist who is
experimenting how to benefit, life must
leave his laboratory to. do whatever
will Immediately sustain life in him.
Tho artist must drop,his brush just
when the .vision is most inspiring in
order to catch his daily crust of bread.
Tho poot must lay down his pen when
his spirit soars highest that the
crumbs of existence be not snatched
from him forovcr. , And the mother,
the creator, of a new generation, must
unequipped and unaided perform the
mlnicle of producing a being nobler
nnd bottor than herself, merely as a
sldo issue to her dally struggle for
existence!
Dut times nro changing. . The world
is beginning to realize many things
The right relations of real values are
being takon Into account. Beforo the
producers of wealth realized the value
of their labor thoy did not ovon dream
of uniting to demand the full product
of their toll. Before, woman realized
that sho possessed a soul and was an
Individual just llko her counterpart,'
man, she did not oven rise to proclaim
her right to equality. And now the
mothem, all the mothers, must realize the Importance of their mission.
They must realize their right to sum
mon to their aid every possible means
whereby they may attain, a more perfect , womanhood and consequently
more ideal motherhood. They must
be free to' develop the best that, is
in them in order that they may transmit something worth while to the following' generation. They must be
enabled to. summon the aid of science
in.creating a physically'more perfect
being. To their aid must come all
the arts, for the mothers are tp be
the teachers and the guides of those
who will come after them.
Mothers must be given the opportunity to equip themselves sufficiently
for their noble undertaking. Then
they will not look - tipon motherhood
as an expiation of the mythical Adam
and Eve sin, but will welcome it as
the fruit of, their, love brought about
by the most sacred of human "relations.    7
, How can we hope to bring about
this ideal motherhooav .The Socialists have found a .. solution. ' Merely
by- giving the proper value to every
human endeavor.' By assuring every
producer, the full value of his toil,
each worker will attain economic independence*^ -A"nd"wno~stands_to-"day
ingreater need of economic independence than the' mother? ', Think it out
for yourselves, all you mothers and
mothers-to-be. And when you have
reached the conclusion that the Ideal
Motherhood is worth striving for,
arise In your might and proclaim your
right to tho most sacred accomplishment, of your sex, perfect motherhood
of the future.
HIS   ANCESTORS
LIFE   AND   LIMB
By John M. Worlc
Our papers frequently contain
heartrending articles about' workors
or their families who have been denied compensation for loss of life or
limb by the courts on account of some
absurd technicality, ■
Those articles need to bo supplemented by a view of the constructive
sldo of omployors' liability for Injuries sustained by the workers ln thoir
employ, and tho workers' compensation
for such Injuries.       ,   ,
Fortunately, wo do not havo to wait
for complete Socialism In ordor to
gain rollof from this outrageous, ovll.
This is proved by tho fact that such
rollof hns nlreadw been gatnod In othor
countrlos whero tho Soelnllst movomont Is lnrgor nnd moro throntoning
than > It Is ln this country. In such
countrlos tho workingmen or his family does not havo to suo for damagos,
but recolvoH thorn iib a mnttor of
course, without a lawsuit,
In England, un Injured worker ro-
coIvob while Incapacitated nn nmount
not oxcoodlng fiO per cont of IiIh
wngon.     If klllod, his fnmlly roceiven
For making quickly and perfectly, delicious hot biscuits,
; hot breads, cake and pastry
there is no substitute for
Dr.PRIC
CREAM
BIKING PO
a sum equal to three years' earnings.
In France, the compensation for an
injured worker is practically the same
as in England. In.case of death, the
compensation is a sum'.not exceeding
60 per cent, of the annual wages of
the deceased as a pension.
Germany, Belgium, .Denmark,. and
other countries where the Socialists
are numerous and threatening to existing Institutions, have similar laws.
., Of course the* compensation is not
sufficient, But when we reflect that
in the■ United ,States the' injured
worker or his family receives no compensation at all unless at the end of
a tedious and expensive lawsuit, .we
can see how shamelessly our , own
country brings up the rear. We permit millions of men, women .and children to have their lives blighted for
lack of even such slight legislation as
these other countries have passed.
For years tlie trade unions have
been besieging Congress and the state
legislatures in an attempt to get the
employers' three monstrous defenses'
abolished."
These three monstrous defenses are
as follows:
* Firstly—The fellow servant doctrine.
Under this rule of law, the employer
Is not liable for damages if the injury
was due to the negligence of a fellow
employe.
, Second—The doctrine of .assumed
risk Under this rule1" a workingman
when he accepts a ■ job also accepts
all tho regular risks of the trade. If
he is injured by taking those risks,
the employer is not liable for damages for the injury.
Third—The doctrine of contributory
negligence. * Under this rule, if the
worker contributed* to the injury by
his own negligence, the employer is
not liable for any damages at all.
These three doctrines are part of
the law of the.United States. They
are part o'f the ' common law—the
judge-made law—not the statutory
law.
The trade unions have expended a
vast amount of time and an equally
vast amount of .money in an attempt
to get these three rules abrogated or
modified by statute. , They have succeeded in getting "the'fellow servant
rule abolished in a few states. But
all three of these infamous rules are
in _ull force in . most of the states
with some slight modifications here
and there.
The intentions of, the unions are
good. '    ;
The trouble is in their method.
They elect satellites of {he capitalis*.
class to Congress and the" legislatures.'
Then, they spend time a'nd money trying to persuade, cajole   or   threaten
_Hl_&c_a__nai*»*U-__i11<__*___.r* _ _ olllf rtnL-i« + «_-.k___-.«{«0._
- vwvuv-vu-i/Lluiiov-iO-Al.CiULcb-IllLU-J/aODUlg''
labor legislation.
Such methods are worthy of children—not grown men and , women.
Labor legislation in other countries
has been gained by the workers electing their own candidates—the Socialist candIdate-»-to office, , In every case
they are in*a minority. But the fact
of their election scares these concessions out of the othor parties. The
capitalist parties grant theso concessions In a frantic attempt to win back
tho workingmen who have begun to,
voto tho Socialist ticket, and to keep
others from doing so.
Tho snme method will frighten nil
manner of remedlnl legislation out of
the old parties ln this country.
You can't gain concessions from the
capitalist parties -- by, voting for
thom.
The only way to gain concessions
from thom is by voting against thom.
Just as long as you voto your enemies! Into offlco, you may expect hard
sloddlng for labor legislation.
But just tho moment whon you ho-
gin to show a glimmer of almost hu*
mnn lntolllgonco by voting your* own
ticket—tho Socialist tlckot—the old
parties will tumble ovor onch othor
to grnnt coticohhIoiib to you,
Hy no doing, wo cnn not only nbol-
Ish tho throo villainous oiuployors' do-
feiiBos, but wo cnn pnss a genuine
workmen's coinpoiiHntlon lnw which
will relievo millions of victims of modorn Industry In tho futuro,
iVntnrully, ho long ns wo try to hold
onch Individual em
for tie InjiirloR oc
(lustry, wo hnvo tho wholo howling
pnek of omployorH, big find littlo, nt
our heols,
A gonornl coiiipniiKiitlnn law, whoro
by nil omployors are compelled to
contrlhiito pro rntii to n rnmpi-iimi*
tion fund, will Hlop nil lit tant inn. In-
Jiired employoH will receive romp..!.,
sntIon speedily nnd niilonintleiilly, an
a mattor of coiii-ho, Junt, nn they do !n
Oeniinny,
Tho following In tho provli'lon pro-
pnrod by our nntloiiii'l execuilv" coin,
mlttoo In nn nttoinjit lo not il. Into
tho now coiiHiltutlnn of Ar.'nonn nnd
New Mexico,
"All workei'H Injured In tin- counie
of tliolr employment, und tho depend*
Sixty Years tha Standard
Made from pure Grape
(tn_*f rf1»n»-»*#'«»*«
%MA    M. «£*_ MJU*L
No Alum—No Lime Phosphates
»
"I am entirely opposed fo lhe uae ol alum ln
llalflno Powdew."—Prof. Chandler, Columbia Univ.
Road tlio Label
"Alani, sodium almn, baste aluminum aalptaale*
sulphate ol aluminum, all mean lhe same thing—
nnma\ytnWlNTAUJU."-KaruaJ State Doard of Ilcaltli.
I met him the other evening. He
has a "rarnch," to distinguish him
from the common herd around whose
places the simply "lanch." * The
"rarnch", was mostly scenery—rock
and water frontage. ■ He was undersized, fair headed (yellow). The walls
of the "rarnch" house were adorned
with many "spoils of the chase"— including some coyote skiii3 and a badly
mounted Cariboo head. Alsoton,the
walls were several pictures of his "ancestors.' He lived, I found' mostly in
the "glorious past." The noble family
to which he, belonged was unfortunately about'on its last legs. They
were the ancient house of Fitz Punk—
Not the Yorkshire Fitz Punk'si you
know, but. the elder branch—the Fitz
Punks of Punkington or Muddlington
cum Slush in Surrey you know!"
He was rather reserved at first, but
on finding that I was no less than the
only surviving representative of the
O'Hlbernlcus, Ancient Lords of
Killa-ma-Slnughter he became quite
confidential and gave me his family
history from about 1000 B. A (B. A.
means before Adam) to his illustrious
self. Also he produced some whiskey
—"not like the Scotch, by George, but
its all I have just now."
His "arncestors" had been, it appears, about every kind of knightly
chicken thief, bishop and courtier possible. "This," he said, pointing with
great pride." is my famous "arncestor"
Sir Eatemalive* Fitz Punk. He
fought in France, you known. "He was
a great warrior, by jov'e." I looked
with some respect at the print of Sir
Eatem—a hurley, beefy old guy with a
hard face and a big axe, who really
did look as if he could have made
things pretty interesting in a' hand to
hand argument. "Ah," I said, "and
this'is the' Sir Eatem—the great Sir
Eatem. "Why! old man, I've often
heard of him. He's mentioned in history, you know. He was the heavyweight battle - axe -champion of his
day." My host looked blank for a'bit.
He didn't quite know what to make of
'heavy-weight battle axe champion.
The next on the list to Eatem was
a church dignatory—Bishop Burnem'
Fitz Punk—a foxey looking individual
with a sanctimonious air, a long pointed beard, and a bible. Burnem's long
suit, from my host's description was
the saving of the "ungodly." ' His
method was to give sinners a choice
between salvation and cinders. He
was successful—which is not to* be
wondered at. '
There were many other famous
characters in the house of Fitz Punk,
but I forget them. We were not nearly
through 'when the whiskey gave, out
and I decided to quit. " 7 '  , ...
My host saiy me to the door "with
ceremony. For a descendant of many
"gallant knights" he carried, his whiskey "none too well." He was sorry to
see me go. * "I will be awfully glad; to
see you again, you know," he said.
"Your' visit has cheered_me_up_you.
know.' I don't go o.ut much because'
to tell* the truth, you know there's
hardly anyone in my "klase". round
here you know."' I answered him 1
would call again—and will if ever the
chance comes,,
Riding home I mused on human nature. That night I had a bad time.. I
dreamed that I was defending a red
flag against a deadly assault by Sir
Eatem and that I was captured and
got into the hands pf Burnem who
gave me five minutes to renounce Joe
DIetzgen's Materialist Philosophy or
urn, It must have been a vivid dream
alright because thc comrade In whose
house I was stopping got up and
knocked nt the* door and asked mo if
anything was the matter,—HIBERNI-
CUS, in the Western Clarion
OIL FOR FUEL
ON OCEAN
LINERS
Fast Replacing Goal-Is
Found to be Much
More Economical
The uniformly good results obtain-
whenevor oil fuel has b**en given a
properly ^arranged test on nn oceangoing steamships have made it certain
that somo day, and not so very far in
the future, oil will take the place of
conl ns the fuel of the great' trans-
Atlantlc steamships. One remank
able fact in favor of oil fuel is that,
In spite of the unusual number of advantages to be derived from the change
thore is practically no serious disadvantage. Furthermore, the larger
the'ship the more marked are the conveniences and economics attending the
change from coal to oil.
Among the frequent studies which
have been made of the problem and tho
many eulogistic articles which havo
been written in favor, of oil fuel, one
of the best is an editorial in a recent
issue of our Scottish contemporary,
"The Steamship," which briefly summarizes the advantages' of oil firing as
follows: Steady steam pressure; an
absence of "dirty" fires, and no necessity for cleaning fires (which last because of the opening of fire doors and
cooling off of furnaces, is estimated
to cause a loss of 12 1-2 per cent of
steam on a seven-day voyage, with a
corresponding loss ot speed); reducti
corresponding'loss of speed); reduction ,of bunker space to five eighths of
that required for coal, and a great reduction of the force of stokers.
It is pointed out that portions of a
ship which are now useless . for coal
bunkers, because of their narrowness
or inaccessible position, are always
available for the storage of oil fuel.
The double" bottom may be thus used
and the trim qf the ship may be preserved by admitting sea water to tlie
emptied tanks. The objectionable list
to port-or starboard, due to using more
coal from one side of the ship than
the other, is avoided; a steam pump
serving to transfer oil fuel from side
tb side at a moment's call.,
Now, in view of the many above a<l-
.vantages,_.it__may_b_e.._asked why__th_e_
9
I
Do You Want
A Home?
Three 20-acre .- Tracts, of
which four acres on each
are improved, on Lake
Front and located, where
there is good, settlement.
Price per block § 1500 and
' ; at terms to suit purchasers..
This is a chance for anyone
intending to make a home
for himself at once.
*
0
ICRESTON
i,;
50 blocks well watered, excellent soil, free from rock
and easily cleared—Three
miles from station.
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
City, well located and water
j    Joe Grafton
Fernie
B. C.
.     ,     FORMERLY AND  NOW    .
Formerly It required 20 hours of human labor to placo 100 tons of oro on
railroad cars, To-dny, aided by machinery, two hours of human labor will
accomplish the snme I nsk,
Formerly it, required 2<I0 hours of
human lnbor to transfer 20 t.oiiR of coal
from cannl bonts to bins -100 foot (Ur-
tnnt. To-day .mnchlnery will accomplish lho same work ln 20 hours.
On n bonnnzn farm In Cnllfornln
whont wns produced at a cost of 3 1-2
cents por bushel.
Prof. Tloiv.og, of Austria, hns OHtlmntod that r.,000,000 people, with tho
Ploye'," ^ponsihit i "ol1' of mo,1,7!' "'^SJ"1 flur
cu.Tl.ig In hia lii.:""''   a11I,"p,llnUon "fSO.OOOOOO peoplo
i with nil tlio noeessni'loB nnd smnll lux-
iiirloiiH of lifo hy working I 1-2 hours
; ench dny,
] To-dny KK) mon mnko 2.10,000 bricks
I whero 12 yonrs ngo thoy produced only.
j !!0,000 bricks,
I To*diiy sr-0 "lunula' In ono factory
j product) _!2r-,000,(inO mnlches n dny,
, Seventeen yeiirn nw fi.000 "hnmls" In
j ill! fuetiirlen produced only 1.(1,000,01)0
i n dnyr-IOxchiuiK'-'. '
What Has Dandruff Got To
Do With Baldness ?
Tou   ••#   the statement  evory day
htt the one cauie of b&ldnem it dan
ruff.   IJut Ii it?    _
dandruff often
Sniff.
Trud,
entn of nil workers killed In Dw ooiirnu
of their omploymont, hIiiiII    rocolvo - *,P»-'|•>•■• of .}»■• th**»'"fc'"
eompeiiHiitloii, roKimlloKH of il„. .'miiho   -"  l,.-Wu*"»r. ".'>• «■*»
nnd milliner nf lho nreldenl, from n
ntntn eonipeiiHntlnn fund to whleh nil
oniplnyei'H  hIiiIII hn roqulred  to rnn-
tribute pro rnin,     Hiieh rnnipiMiHntlni.
shnll  ho oqunl  to tlio full  econoinle
lomi  cniiand   hv  tlio  tuttivi*   mul   ■•hnll
ho recoverable without dolny or llti.
Kiuiou,"
preoedoa   thn
you know
ek of hair you oan  W|ileh h
ib throujrh, -who lmvo    ,    ' ..
-, -, dandruff laden collar i-*" °r w
atJonr a« you have known thom,        ■ inir
You hare alio mfln men whor-a druIp !
wai kept ae clean ai a baby'a whoeo I
hair wet nirely dop-utliitr.
That dandruff talk aounda well and in„nnlialn..,,.
convince! a good many of ui, -but lot ,-.noeiiHtown
"FOUR BITS" FOR A FINGER
In Cincinnati, Ohio, recently n nlr I
loKt two fliiKoiN while at work In the
Vniiiiiiri viieniiy G.iihh l'n„ tncuuy tor
which »ho wng nwnrdod ?1 comporimi*
tion,
FiKurltiR upon no ceiiln iih n 1>;ihIh
for u fliiRt-r. n very modnrntn tnrlff
could ho complied coverltiK nil lhe vnrloiiH portion* of the humnn nnntomy
which would placo tlm p.i_-<. of n
Rtomnch wllhln tho roach ot rnodornte-
ly rich and limit the difficulty to which
wo referred, in our cdltorlnl rfKnnlliiK
tho trnnefor of a Almnnch would lie
ov(.rcome.
In tho slavery dnya It wan nothing
unusual to pny 1200 to 1.100 dollari*
for it healthy blnck, hut on lh« proacnt
di*.*) thlcuUMoit ot ft white "lif-.i"
working man thla figure was too high.
le*   bt/b   tvu't   vitl.u'i.tts,
_ Of courea dandruff lan't a (rood thine
-flleatlon.
. The aame trouble that caueee the
fialr to fall out uauallr oau-ui dandruff,, ao If,you Ret at the oauee and
*rre»t the loia et hair, you -will etop
dandruff too,
. Those who une^Nral'a Ulreutone find
., ...» i",.*!, tX'.tjAiiv.i^ *.t*it i»i*a,.iAt
and hair dreeilna: they have ever uied.
It does etop The Tialr from falling
•nt, *e
VwllLilM. "top, dandruf?.
our.Nral X>nifSl»t oh
leading Atlantic steamship lines have
not. adopted oil fuel. The delay is
due to the fact that these ships were
built in the "coal age," and that, coupled with the prejudice, due largely
to' ignorance, of ship owners against
fuel oil, there has been tho financial
objection to the cost of making the
necessary changes In the bunkers. As
a matter of fact the.advantagos of oil
tiring, if applied to tho fast' trans-
Atlantic liners, would bo so great and
so quickly realized that wo look for Its
early Introduction.
Our contemporary makes a study of
conditions on the Mauretanla and Lu-
sitanla, which shows In a very striking way what oil fuol could do tor
these great ships. The average consumption at a sea speed,of 2f> knots is
5,500 tons of coal for tho single voyage or 11,000 tons for tho round trip.
If,.oIl wero used, 3,300.tons could bo
stored ln tho double-bottom of the
ship, leaving the coal bunkers availn-
bio for enrgo. It Is ostlmntod tlmt
GOO tons of oil would do, ln twenty-
fours hours, tho work necompllslied by
1,000 tons of coal; nnd this would represent a saving of nbout 2,000 toim on
iho round trip. If tho vacant bunkor
spuco, or Its equivalent, In nshlp of
similar slzo nnd speed, wero utilized
for freight at $r>,00 par ton, the earning capacity ot tho ship would ho
grontly Incronsod. Ot the 312 firemen nnd conl trimmers now cnrrlod
on tho Maurotanln, 28R could ho aout,
nshoro nndniscd In handling tho extra
enrgo that would bo curried, In plnco
of 312 flromon, It Is 0Rt?innte(l thnt
27 Brensors would ho sufficient to nl-
tend to tho oil buniei'H and to thei
water1 feed of lho hollers. Hy nl*
tonillons of tho ncconiiuodnlloiiH now
reserved for tho 285 firemen nnd trim-
men*, it In OHtimntod that nt leimt
200 thlrd-elnsH pnHHoiigorH nddltlonnl
could ho cnrrlod nt $2fi por pin-mmi-uor.
An oHllmnto of tho totnl economies
rIiowh thnt tho IncrenHod enrnliig cnpnclty of tho :\'inure!nnln on n round
vnyngo from Liverpool to New York
nnd bnck would ho nlioiit, $00,00(1.
I.nfitly, on, thn Import nnt, quoHtlon
nf speed, 11. Is nruued Hint since 32
fli'OH onl of 102 fnrnneoH In the bollor
rooniH of tho Muiirodiuln nro elouneil
evory four houm, nome 10,000 out of
70,000 horsn-powei: must hn lout
tlirouph thnl disturbance of the, fires
imd (lio cooling off of the fiirnnees
h limopiiniblo frnin ileiiiilng—
hleh Is avoided under oil fir-
Our (-'ouloinporniy helloves Hint
the une of oil fuel nlono would roduco
ui time    of    the    voyngo    between
nnd   New  York   from   R
j lo  id nolies,      ll   t-o,  tin;  .Mitiiioliiliiu
i*ik;l_t I.i* ,'iMi* !i. .i_:i!;<. lii.  ri>;-;i;;i. i'i
inn even four di\yn.*—flclrntlfle Amorl*
i enn.
.Head Office Toronto, 8:King St. W,
Branches1 and connections throughout
Canada"
British and Foreign Correspondents in all
the important cities of the world
Notes discounted arid general banking
business transacted   '      ,,
Full Compound Interest paid on Savings Accounts
of One Dollar or more
JOHN ADAIR, Manageri Fernie
Bank of Hamilton
HEAD OFFICE: HAMILTON
Capital Paid Up   .    .    .    .
Reserve and Undivided Profits
$2,750,000
$3,250,000
$6,000,000
Total Assets
Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
J. R. LAWRY, Aoent
FERNIE
Letter Heads
Statements -
Bill Heads
Envelopes
Cards
_. Jour,.
temnxenaa
ottUf-
&'"!_* _«***«rt'ul.hr ree*
00 aad loo m iprhiuor
For HhIo nnd (Innrnntccd
N. C QUDDADY
liy
Om for •ich tvtryiUy tHmant
Lord PrnvoBi llrown, In oiirnliiR
!li.*> Public Morn Ik ■f'nnf-mvnri** nt Kdln-
lnii'Kli, mnile a very kiikki.mI.'o rr>-
mnrlt iibrnit. clilld rilmlnnln:
"In nearly fifty por cont. of tlio ciiboh
nf Jiivf-nllo (lollnqiioncy lirntiKht lioforc*
itlio locnl coiirtK, Uio Incontlvo to utonl
! Ik found In tlio Inr-k of money to vIhII
| places of nnnmemont."
'Ihi. cntvliiK for miiiiHoiiiciit 11111*1
! i-ccrontlnn In n lionlthy Instinct in
,tMMitin. tl U iU\t<K(-i| into liiiiini-
! |if*r cIiiuiiicIb l»y tho Rorrtld Krnyni-BH
' nnd monotony of lifo In our ("front ell Ion
■ Prevention Ir lienor Hum euro or pun-
; ishniiiit, nnd wo mny lm Hiiro tlmt
* imvihliiK thnt onn li/» dono to hrleliion
ulio Hvoh of tho chlldron will liivo nn
imnicilliilo roHiili In utopplriK tlw mnnu-
'fneturo of crlmlnnln.
Anything and everything in the
wny of hi*jh-{frade commercial
printing. Our assortment of Job
type is complete, our press f.icill-
tics of the best, and our workmen
true typographical artists. 1 his
tells all the story of our facilities
for doing Job printing ofthe right
kind at the right prices.
Cards
Envelopes
Bill Heads
—Statements
Letter Heads
FURS'HIDES
HUNTERS»&TRAPPER8'QUIDE^in2i
fl ,.(«, I..H.I _.«.*!. umi Uii.| (a ilw _•(,.•_««■_« «r;tUa. Hiajt/jtM »'»fi "    —
&J, TIT' i" * "ft*'1 wi vi* ■**..«..■_!- 1. ,*,, c.* «,*n _™n u..teur?H _t»
*muAt*na*.^*,*%lttU*iHic*,. A*Urm* Ur**.,b**iT*l   ff*l7*vit.jtuS
rm*»%,i* ta
Uf-IMt M_> ^^1*a%riMMiv**iMitU*~*.*i-T***e>A
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, STARCH 11, 1911.
•, * *.   \ '
. Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue,. Fernie, Bi C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. -- An excellent advertising
medium. . Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book,- job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
' Address all communications to The District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.
Postoffice Box No. 380
PAUSE BEFORE EMIGRATING TO CANADA
'T'QE immigration question possesses ns many di-
•*" verse aspects as the chameleon lias hues. The
, color of this member of the Ikard family changes
taking on a bluish gray when in the shade, but becomes a grayish brown in tho light of the sun, so in
like manlier;the advisability or inadvisability of
emigration varies.in accordance with tho material
interest of those affected. If the prospective emigrant has {in assured position to come to then the
only precaution is whether or not he can fulfil tiie
duties of same in such a manner as will ens are
given normal conditions, a relative permanency.
Again,'under all circumstances it is just as well
to have a monetary-reserve, because of the possibility of either one or other of the parties being dis-.
satisfied.*-.- .In the case of a mechanic or artizan l*e
can always-through the medium'of the trade union
., organization of his craft ascertain in what locality
there are the best opportunities, thereby saving himself time and money. ■'   '
Not infrequently we have met men from the old
country who have been compelled to accept work of
ja character to whicli tliey were unaccustomed, simply because of exhausted -funds, whereas had they*
carried out the suggestion given of spending a few
pennies in postage before "starting from the homeland in writing to" the. secretary of the trades organization they not only would have been saved loss
of time and money, but have obtained employment
in which they were skilled.        .,   .
The immigration agents in their efforts to earn
' their "wages do not hesitate to. paint glowing pictures to their prospective victim and thc easy nian-
■ ner that some of those we have met fully justifies
- Speaking-now more particularly of tbe coal industry would say that in Nova Scotiaithere.are.hun-.
dreds of idle men and the strike winch* began in
August, 1909, has. not yet been .settled. In the
Province of Alberta there is no scarcity, of labor in
in any of the camps, while those of Eastern British
Columbia cannot absorb the labor, of the men on
thc payrolls full time.-besides-which "the stream of
seekers for jobs keeps coming continuously, only to
travel.on and on. "'
, We have endeavored to present'thc plain truth
in-a simple manner, without any attempt at veneer
or misrepresentation, not with any,,expectation of
decreasing emigration, but merely with a desire to
furnish a few useful hints to those who have given
the thought of coming to Canada any consideration',
that tliey may pause before doing so and endeavor
to ascertain what is before them should they determine to tempt fortune in this part of the world.
On the-breakfast table—in the sick*room—•
for making salads, puddings and other desserts—for a bite between meals, in .he lunch
box, there is no-fruit  equal to  the  famous
California "Sunkist," Orange;   B.eing tree-
ripened, sound-picked, packed and shipped with the
utmost skill and care-Tit is the most healthful and luscious of all fruits.
■  Sunkist Oranges are  thin-skinned— kist, Wrapper.    Thousands ..'of. families
fiberless—seedless.   They fairly melt in will have none but Sunkist Oranges. After
the mouth.   There is so. little waste'in you have .tried them once they will win
servingandeatingthem that theyare truly you.   Please make the trial today.  Your
the cheapest orange you can buy. dealer sells them.    And don't forget lo
'Every Sunkist Orange comes in a Sua- save the "Sunkist" Wrappers.
^^i Ask for "Sunkist" Lemons
THE RESIGNATION,OF JOHN MITCHELL
A GREEABLY to the resolution passed at the' re-
■**■ cent'convention of the United Mine Workers
held at Columbus, Ohio, that he must sever connections with the National Civic Federation.or the
U. M.-W. of A., he has tendered his resignation in
the former rather than give up his'membership in
the latter.
This action means that the Civic Federation will
have to appoint a new chairman when they convene
on April 1st, for the trade agreement ..committee,
and likewise Mitchell surrenders a yearly salaryof
$6,000.   * ;■■ ,     '    'y
'•"' His motives,'of course, will be subject.to different interpretations by the critics, but the FACT rc-
.mains that lie prefers to continue his affiliations
with the organization of which he was formerly
president rather than remain member of a "body
which the majority of his former working associates
regard with disfavor'because of its subtle antagonism' to the principles of trade unionism.
'That he has taken this step because of his acknowledgement that the mineworkers recognize* the impracticability of serving two'masters'is self-evident,
but in .his letter of resignation to Seth' Low, of the
Civic Federation, his language would lead to the
natural inference that he is smarting from the compulsion, from the following language used:
"It is needless to say that I regret iJie action of
the miners' convention, not so much'because it requires me to choose between.the two organizations
as because of the unjust-and gratuitous attack upon
the National'-Civic Federation, whicli in addition to
its'many other-useful public activities has stood
consistently as an advocate of righteous industrial
peace."     " -  ■    '        , '• . .  *
The words "unjust and gratuitous", are ill-timed,:
The Civic Federation has been in existence long* en-
_<_
CONCRETE BLOCK
COTTAGES
, Chimney   Blocks
4 In. SEWER PIPES
GENERAL CONCRETE WORK
Get Our _ "rices
i j' i'
W.       M.    DICKEN.
How About that Drain?
CLUB
Cigar Store
W. -A. INGRAM
ihe philosophy of P. T. Bar'num, that a sucker is
born every minute. .
■ "Wc have read some of the pamphlets used for
bait, printed in circus poster style about "The room
Jor millions in Canada.". This is perfectly correct,
tin re is "room" for millions, biit cloei tracks, monn
.tain scenery and sympathy are meagre solace io a
man unable to obtain* employment with a purse
growing more slender daily.'**    •*  \\   •■
AVe realize that the conditions'on the "European
( ont incut arc such th,.t ■: man says to himself tliey
cannot be any, worse across the Atjant.e, yet suffering and inconvenience might be often avoided if one
would take a look before*ho leaps.,-  '   ■
We do not*expect that immigration will cease, no
matter whnt may be written upon lho subject, nt
thc same time, however, we think that perhaps individual inconvenience, may be averted by those v, .u«
perchance to see lhe true facts publishd. .
Tt is over 2.'3 years fcincc the writer leCt' Liverpopl,
and lio cnn truthfully stnto thnt, he prefers this continent to nny place in Great Britain from the viewpoint of n wage worker, hut having'seen nnd experienced trials and disappointments wjiich might easily have been avoided by the use of a little prudence
fio.liinios Iiim to sound 1 liisi note of wnming for the
benefit, of others.
We hnve met, men working in lho lumber industry, capable iirliznns in thoir trade, wlio wc.ro
compelled to accent Ilie lowest wages simply ho-
enuse of luck of foresight in not untiring lhe necessary ciupiiriei* before purchnsinguIheir ticket.
Again, thc difference of climiilic conditions
should lie conNidered, as (lien* are some crnftH
which, iiltlinm.li paid well in (M-mpiivison with British rates of pay, ennnot be followed steadily
tln*nu-_rhtiiit the yonr.
Tlie cost of living iiiusl. not lie overlooked. jimI
nlthough the wngos when figured in pounds, shillings nml pence simply starlit* a mini, there is llu-
nlln-1* side of lhe,story to be investigated, and Ihei
ever-alert t>iiii-__nilinn ngont. conveniently avoids or!
dismisses willi a shrug of the shoulders ihis.nin.st
importnnt item,
Al tin.- present lime there is not n single industry nM.Ic They ,,ro still s!iinrplimj* wiih u i'm-lity ...'
in ('.Hindu sniTerini.' beenuse of hick nf men to ilo | iuh-mi'. _» tlir.1 places these .Nova Scot inns in tie* fron!
the work, lu tlin month of April construction j rnnk of fighters. Evictions, indignities, misrepre-
work on lhe railroads will open up. but those wim! senlntion. polico nml mililnry inlimidalion hnve fuil-
1i.i-.i- iii.-uiiucl I.* cxisi linwiiLdi the winter on very j cd to cow the .strikers. Despite inleiise KtifiVi-mg.
hliuM'uiv me numerous eiiongli to supply tin* de- h.u-y nre determined tlmt they might ns well fighi |
,  -■   (•   *       ■ ">   '       ** -•   ******* *m\.  rimt,.   * <_ , 4 _
Vor the iudlvidvinl who lire* ;i -w,,,\ ■■■ue.l-.d n-*' n
few hundred pounds, if lie wish.-*, p. l.ny ._ sm.ill
U'W-1  ut l:t__<l, iiSid U- |vivf._r---l t.. IVnrlc taml f»r .' , .-.pic, even  though defeated.  llilK  not   hll'lliwli-it   ill.
collide nf years nud i»'el knowlcdt/o hy prnclieal ex-j vain.     To hold as heroic nnd worthy of eimilatiim j
liericlti-e    1 fieri.   ..rii*.**   nffcv  -it   le-iftt     '*     .•Iciim-m   ft,,-'- it. . ,t  -1 r     ,,..  f*  ..*( l ,.i      'I
steady <-M|.loyin<*nl nnd enough to make a living,; Hit to tln.se who hrnve every obstacle for principle:
nnd even more if lie proves oiipiililo. To this class! to-dny is (lie rankest ..hypocritical Iniiiil.ug.
of sti.iill investors would urge that thoy likewise Hnd not ot hers suffered in the past for what they
irivi-Mi._i.lc** before p_nvlii.ni.it,'. as they tuny be vie- j considered iniquities wo would not lit* enjoying lli't*
•Utilized by unscrupulous land k)i_)I'1<k wim will iiskjfniitH of the hard won battles of our predecessors
e.N)...rbitautfiri.*es per «cv, tell hiulilycdHivd st..r-j which to-dny are so «!ommm.-|.lnee that tl.o iiri.jtliuT.'^
ir* of  .-,*..«. hn~ hoon .J.,.,-** in *-.■._> disfri-f wfiieh; th.iil__i.-a- ru^ml as having always ___,U....I. , T'lerafnfaiia  aiiuU.u.mu.   luvc sun*
tint prospective buyer does not know is hundreds      Owe these strikers become alive to (fie fnct Hint |cd,.at K(,,"("!'0"' Al*ft*
of mib-s from the land he is huyin,, „„.. »U, ft.il to  the ciusc «,f all wi,ty'« ills is part ,nd ,**-,. of inJJ^IHnffTStii^lTKS «
iimke even nit allusion to the cxtst.-rire of *-it!iuu."r[ capitalism, they will aid their fellows U, cradieate "|,(h •' »lone Ufa ana a lone lUt ot
frosts which in otw niifiit xvill ttw^lowty   .^ircv'it bv n,m\\v tfnm.(*m *rt5i»n ftnfl A(-!iv:iv -nn 1l*«-  »"*.•«• "•> """'^'Iption*.
the hh„r of nwrilU. hum-ix   fietd ' . ,«J '•«[»« WW paper. Md co.U
i ■ I
o.ugh to enable the miners to realize its functions,
consequently.no undue haste-ftas'been shown in'the
amendment made to their constitution, furthermore
the deliberations of previous conventions gave premonitory warnings of what might be and was decided upon. ,   ;     "
That the miners are not the only'm<m' to' regard
tlie National Civic Federation ns a menace .to the
working* class is evidenced by the. action of other
bodies advocating changes in ■ tlieir constitutions
which make it impossible for an individual to affiliate with tho Civic Federation nnd still retain membership in his trade organization. The trouble
with'men of Mitchell's stamp is that they still retain the belief that the interest's of Capital, and
fjnbor arc identical, whereas the recognition that
nlthough mutually interdependent their interests
aro diametrically.opposite is steadily and increasingly forcing itself upon the rn nlc and file.
This nwiikeiiing is ns it should lie. Let the workers increase thoir store of knowledge to the end thai
they may not be simply followers of "leaders," but
tliat those whom they selool ns their mouthpieces
may be regarded ns pnrt of nn intelligent wholo.
rather than pedestal posed Moses.
That the delegates hrtve reached sueh a coud'i-
sion is plainly shown hy their notions in determining to save themselves rather than be beguiled by
Civic Federations, but thoy do uot overlook the
fact of the, influence that environment*, has upon
John Mitchell, from whose influence none nre immune, is clearly demonstrated by the overwhelming majority ho received in the oleclion of fratornnl
delegate to the A, V, of L.
This also proves that ho holds Iho confidence of
his eollongues, and it is to bo, hoped thnt he will
study the reasons that aelualod Ihem iu the cuUi'm1
thoy pursued and hy grasping the principles in-
yoked, continue lo retain Ihnl confideuoo.
After you havo eaten Sunkist Orr.nces, you will
be clad to know there are Sunkist Lemons,,
(orthey, too.arolhelinest fruit of tlieir kind.
Ne%-er blemished, marred, decayed, thick-
skinned or pithy.   Sunkist Lemons
contain 50 percent more juies thsn
commonplace lemons, which
makes tliem mosteconomi-
Jcal for kitchen and table
use.   The "Sunkist1;
Wrapper identifies
then:.
FREE
Rogers Orange Spoon
Save 12 Sunk ist Ornngo (or
« rappers mul hunil thi'iu tou - ...
pny chiirsw, -mcltlnc, etc., nnd wo will proeont'
you with uiionnliiKnoKenOriiniro Spoon, ol hon
fill drown mul hiifhchtquiillty. Bourn wivinuwi....,	
tadnv.   It ion doniro moro thnn oue. Bond 1*1 Buakibt
\V nippers ami 12o «c each iidditinnul spoon.
In remitting, plonso noud cnsh when tho amount Is less
tlmn ak-" on amounts nbove 2nc, we prefor postal *iot«.
uiunoy orJc, express order or bunk drntt. --We will bo Kind
to^sond you completo list of vnluuble premiums. We honor ooth
"Sunkist" nnd * Hod Bull*' wrappers for premiums.    Address . '
CALIFORNIA FRUIT GROWERS' EXCHANGE
105 Kins. St. East, TORONTO, ONT.   „        (55)
^^
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LLD., D.C.L., President   '
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager   ,,*
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000
REST, - $7,000,000
THE SAVINGS-BANK DEPARTMENT
of The Canadian Bank of Commerce will receive deposits of $i and.
upwards, on which interest is allowed at,current rates. . There is no
delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the deposit, . Small
deposits are welcomed.  - •    -   - *   234,
Accounts may be opened in the-names of two or more persons, to be
operated by any one of the number or by thie suryivor. A joint account
of this kind saves expense in establishing the ownership of the money
after death, and is especially useful when a man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death.
FERNIE BRANCH'   ' L.  A.  S.  DACK,   Manager.
.
STQYES! STOVES!
Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
_ u. _____*li__^^jjey__g jj^g^ ^A—
0
i Ranges and Cook Stoves i
J. M.  AGNEW & CO.,  ELKO
9
THE SPRINGHILL^ N, S„ STRIKE
A   WirST. 100!), llio iiiiiifl-wnrkprK of Sprinirliill
■^•decided llinl I'urtliei* jorlicaniiicc wns impns-
.•v..,
*.r M'tiM'
it u
tut ,   .     _'J.-*ti
ilX I  I <*. (   Iik
.v-i-rs iioiu- .iui deny.     Uo. wlio I'ioiii!. _'m- ,t priii-,
Wliolesalo and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hni'.elwnod Rutt«rmilk
Victoria Avonuo
FERNIE, B, C.      Phone 34
1 v
Drop in  and let us
show you the
Success
Hand
Cleaner
a practical cleaner—
costs   nothing   to
operate, lasts i^
generation of
constant &
haril use
WJTHENIAN WEEKLY
JJo*'!.*. _lft_.__.,_(U C.sdW Sm:li-I>> In Dot
J. D. Quai
Hardware     Furniture
Now is the season when tlie housewife must .consider the replemishing of the linen closet,-and this,
the opportunity to secure your linen fresh from the
manufacturers. - We have already opened an exceptionally fine assortment of real Irish Linens direct
from .the makers.      " ' '    '   .
Table Damasks in beautiful floral and conventional designs, a splendid assortment, and-prices
from 50c. to $2.00 a yard.    Napkins to match.   '  •
0  Pure linen Damask Table Cloths, border'    all
around, lengths from 2 to 3 1-2 yards.    Napkins to .
match. ..._-
Napkins, Doilies^Centres, Tray Clothes and Runners in damasks, embroidered and many designs
in hand work effects.'       '   .      *
. .Towels, in Duck, Crash and Turkish. Some specially good lines of all-linen bath towels, the greatest,
friction towel made. Huck Towels with either hemmed,, taped or hemstitched ends; Damask Huck
"' Towels. ' Bath Sheets and Bath Mats. *
Towelings'of all Kinds. n Newest designs in Damask Hucks.
Sheetings, all widths, plain or twilled, at the best
possible prices. ■ ,
Pillow Cottons all widths..
Quilts iri a variety of. weaves, fringed or hemmed.
Meadow Bleached Linens for embroidering.
' 'Opened to-day another lot of those reliable Scotch
Ginghams.     Nothing can beat them for Children's
; tub dresses. ,*. , ' p
Pictures at 25 per cent Discount.     Pictures of
all'kirids.     We would particularly*call your attention to our "Den?' Pictures,-they are all right, arid
' just now less 25 per. cent (FurnitureDepartment.)
TRITES-WOOD Co.
• Limited
CITIZENS   OF    FERNIE
I Happy New Year to You
fi' May December 31st, ,1911 mark tho closo of tlio most pros-
_\    perous year. in. your history| we firmly believe it will do so in
ours.   Mnlto a good start anyway, and.go to
The 41 Market Co.
for nil your roqulroiucnts In  Ments,, Fish, Ebbs, Buttor/Poultry,
Cliooso, Oysters, otc. ' * '
SAM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
C. E. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
-19	
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
JEFF
The Jeweler-- That's A ll
Right on the comer
EUctrlc Uohted
«£>__
8tenm Heated
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE, JB.C.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. 3. JENNIMQ0, PnOPtilETREQ3
Hot ind Cold WtUr t. A. Mills, M»niQ»r
LEDGER ADS PAY !2#*
***************ti***********t(*****>f*>f***
fy-
THE ,DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, .b!. C.:MAR0H11   1911.
***WWW+ir***+^^
■*r--^M^
PAGE FIVE
S?^*?*™^^
*
♦ ♦♦♦•♦■'♦♦"♦■♦♦ + *
♦ ■"    COAL  CREEK   BY  174   '
♦ •**► ♦.*♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ «.«-<»*.*.
The workmen were, all brought out
• of Nol 2 Mine bn Tuesday morning owing* to some derangement of the new
fan on the North Side. This was rectified and work resumed in the after-
„ noon. We had. two of Fernie's legal
lights in the .camp, this week, L. P.
Eckstein on the one side and S. Herchmer representing. tlie ; other, but it
was finally dismissed by both parties
paying their own. costs. •
Mrs. David Murray and family left
here Thursday last for,, Nanaimo, where
they intend to reside for a while.
Mr. and Mrs. W Kilpatrick left here
last Friday to take up their abode in
Cokeville-by-the-EIk.
James Corrigan, employed as rope
rider had the • misfortune to get his
right foot bruised while at work in
No. 5, which has compelled him to
ttjke an enforced rest,.
The thanks of the Coal Creek members of the Imperial Veterans' Association are extended, to Supt. It. J.
, Black for his courtesy in furnishing
a special train for the,purpose of at
tending the funeral lafet Sunday of
their' late, comrade, B. H. Wilkinson,
who -succumbed of typhoid fever in
the Fernie Hospital.
The third lecture on First Aid was
giyen on Wednesday night by Dr.
Workman .and Barney Caufield, the
■ subject was "Biindagos." »Dr. Corsan
was prevented from attending owing
to professional engagements.
Joe Morris and W. J. Bennett took
advantage of the lay-off.at Michel .'to
pay a visit to tlieir' many' friends ln
this camp. >*"
Charlie O'Brien has been transferred
from No. 1 South to No, 1 North as
fire boss. Peter Miller commenced
his duties as fire boss .in .the same
mine last week.
A social' dance
a.m.   Tuesday
Hall.'
sound a note of warning so that those
responsible will.govern themselves accordingly.
-Misses Grace Watson and Cockburn
were .visitors here this week soliciting subscriptions for the Nelson Daily
News etc.- *      * ''*
■ The hospital has a full,quota of patients, and unless signs'fail may soon
be taxed to its utmost capacity.
Everybody is requested not to forget that.there will be a masquerade
ball held in grahan's Hall on lhe 20th,
There has been a large number of
departures recently from the camp,
mostly bound south to the U. S.
Bob McPerson is now a chronometer
vendor, that is, in plain English, raffling off timepieces with an electric contrivance attached that prevents a man
sleeping in. Bob does not need one
himself as he can make more by selling than by looking' at them.
The Crahan Drug Store will probab-
Iy.be open for business early in April:
- Hill Brothers left for Edson, where
they intend to try ranching for a livelihood. ,    ' .
.It is reported that James Douglas
will be a visitor" from Australia in
the near future, and a hearty welcome awaits him. , _
* Richard Jones from Corbin spent
several days with his old friends here.
The new hospital is not yet completed. This week the water is being put into the building.
There are men coming and going
practically every day, besides quite a
number whoriare only working short
time.
♦ '♦
wwwtWHW**^^
♦ COLEMAN by 22 ♦
♦ "     .    . ♦
♦ ,♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦
♦ One of Councillor H. Jame's soni
met with a nasty accident while following his occupation as motor driver for
the I. C. and C. C. by having his foot
run over and when,.taken to the Miner's Hospital, upon examination it was
found that three toes were broken.
■The census of the incorporated town
is reported to have increased five in
one week.     That's going,some, Eh!
On Friday, March 5th,,at Frank, the
fire bosses employed in the mines of
Western Alberta met for the purpose
of forming  an  organization  for  mu-
tu|l aid and benefit inasmuch as they
are not elegible  for * membership . in
the U. M. W. of A.     After the preliminary discussions were over it was
decided to complete the object of the
meeting and. an election; took place
with the following results: President,'
T. Bradley, Hillcrest;  Vice-President,
J...Finlayson, Frank;    Sec- Treas.; R.
Ridley,' Blairmore.- All■ who: are- elegible to join are urged to send in their
application to the.Sec. as the objects
of the Association , are - laudable and
should have the support of all immedi-
r,.'.,..   ~mm-    <      -
CERTIFICATES   FOR
MINE  MANAGERS
WHAT   WOULD   HAPPEN?
^^^^^
Changes in  Methods of Examinations
It is announced that changes are to
be made in the method of examinations for colliery    managers'    certificates of competency   in   Britain.     A
Central Examination is to be appoint-
ed for the whole-kingdom, in place
of   the   District ..Examining    Boards
which have had the granting of certificates hitherto.     Commenting on the
change the "Iron1 and Coal Trades Review" remarks editorially as follows:'
"The existing system of examination
is open to criticism upon a number of
What would happen if all the work
was stopped on all the war vessels
.In Britain-Pointer for Canada.  ^a.tf° T' ^"f ^f     ^ d° I10t
fsay that this is likely to occur
MMf*
      But
if it were to occur how would it effect the workmen who are employed
Consider the vast number who earn
tlieir daily bread at the buildhig of
these ships. The'number who would
be thrown out of employment and the
effect it would have on the-country is
hard to imagine. It .has often been
noticed in England after an election
that the party gaining control pf the
country, if they alter the policy in lhe
preparation of war material with- a
partial stoppage of work, there is distress amongst the.workmen. A great
number of the people live on the production of wai* material, and this to an
points.      The board* have conducted ' *Xtent that ls llttle bought of.
their examinations on more or less* independent lines, 'and consequently
there has been a lack of uniformity
both in, the standard .of examination,
and in the practical qualifications of
the candidate, and it is well known
that candidates who ■ have failed  at'
^ •*•»♦♦♦♦ ♦
CORBIN NOTES
By "Sweet 16."
ately affected, and the encouragement' er*
of those whose personal and material
interests are involved.
one centre can, and do. pass at anoth-
♦
.held sway* until 3
morning  in   the   Club
Remember that the masquerade will
^  be the" event of the month on the nth
•*•"■ Gentlemen, masked, $1.50; Ladies free'
Spectators, 75c.     Ramsay's Orchestra
will provide the musical accompaniment. . Grand march at 9 p.m."   The
' green will be in evidence that night
for sure!
.   Dick Lynn, employed as digger in
No. 2 mine met with, a nasty accident
on     WednydesP. gb-?SUc'doG.y
on Wednesday night,.a.boom striking
■ *im ^Ul^cl1 -force between' the shoul-
—d&rs-tha*^he*-is*rcomp"elIea"_F'lW*off
for a few days.*      ".   - ;   '.-■  "' •
- The men working in tiie.loig .'.'wall of
No, 1 north had to make a hasty'exit
■ on Tuesday morning owing to the condition of tho roof making it risky to-
*t„v l„ They have-not       t resumed
stay in.
MICHEL   NOTEC.
During the recent' suspension tlio
fan-men wero laid off by the company
and a timekeeper and fire boss took
charge in their stead, with the result
tlmt when the men wero ready to return to worlc thoy woro unable to do so
bocauso,of a broken shaft in the fan
engine.
There nro rumors around of ni
double wedding, but we have not learned the names of tho contracting pari--
les, still urge tho boyH to bo ready
with tlieir samples of Cornish manufac-
turo, so iib. to meet ..the emergency
when it arises.
„ Tho local exponent of Marquis of
QueoiiBliery rules will give an exhibition of tlioir qualities lu the nenr futuro. Both aro confldont of being
considered the best mnn but wo Bhnll
seo what wo shall boo,
This contost Is lo lio held under
the auspices ot Now Michel Athletic
Association.
Thoro Ih coimldorablo sickness prevalent In tho camp, Including typhoid
Cover victims, and uiness stops aro
takon to romody existing conditions,
fear that wlion tho spring comos wo
shnll lie visited by a torrlblo epidemic.
This wo trust will  bo averted, but
>*»♦♦-*•••♦-*•»♦♦♦♦♦
W. Gus Smith, Resident Superintendent in Corbin is attending" the .Convention at Calgary. He expects to be
tliere for some time yet.
What was undoubtedly the best entertainment that has been served up
lo the Corbin folks this season took
place on' Monday, March Gth, the occasion being the anniversary of, the
birthday of Mrs. Streithprst. . The invitation being general, everybody took
advantage of it. Between songs, and
dances'the evening rolled on till about
4 a.m., when the party broke up after
according their charming hostess a
hearty vote of thanks,    'y" e ,1^.
We'wish'you'r'bi'rthday-would come
Alec Black has been sick for a few
days, but is now able to get around
.again.' . Best'.wishes, Alec. .*
* "Make hay while the sun shines"
is an admirable* precept but it doc* not
work very well when there is a solar
"eclipse.' If you don't believe it-ask
the butcher.
.-, Ed. Roberts is visiting his friends
In Spokane.
There will be something doing here
Hockey.—The game played between
our local experts and the Taber boys
was  witnessed  by about 300  enthusiasts.    It was decidedly a disappointing game owing to the wretched condition- of the ice which was constantly
breaking, and real good play was out
of the question.   In,the first 20 minutes Taber had 2 goals to their credit. " During the progress of the game
an inspection of the ice was made for
the purpose of judging   as'to the advisability of continuing, but the majority deciding that the play be continued.     Taber added another goal by
a well placed'long shot and later S.
Lewis secured the first goal for Coleman, but a further continuance was
out of the question, and the game was
brought to a close with the Taber boys
Victorious by. 3 to 1. .   The line up of
the "respective teams was as follows:
» Coleman.
H. Holmes .
B. White .;..
L..Lewis ...
J. Sim's  ...
A. Gresack .
J.  Gordon   .
-T-r-Thrasher _     t
Referee:  Harry Lyons.
In another
If the order went forth that no more
war material be produced, what would
happen? .   '
■ If the _$700,000,000 that was spent
last year,on war had not been spent
what about the result? We cry down
war. What is there to put in its place?
People must, be employed if the wage
system is to continue. No work, no
wage, nothing, to live on. It seems
that our civilization has gone the limit
....__ .m uiviuiccuiuii nas gon
in anotner paragraph of the same (There comes a time when the ques-
editorial it is intimated that "when tion?     If
the Coal Mines Regulation Act comes
.: Taber
...goal....
• .A.* G. Cook
.7 point'....
..A. B. Cook
• c. point.:,
*--L. T. Cook
...rover..,..-..-;
i-rJf-^K-'Cook
.r. wing...
• W, H. Cook
.centre
■ A. Barbour
' This was a case of too many Cooks
spoiling the broth, for Coleman, .at all
events; or perhaps so many Cooks at
work, at {he same time had .a melting
influence' upon , the ice,, -       , ,'■
The general'.meeting of. the Council
was held ori Tuesday. S. Shone the
only absentee. ....After tho'minutes..of
the previous meeting had been read
w  _, ,and adopted,.Mr, Ouimette, on behalf
on the, 17th.*    We have some of the jof "    ~
to be revised again, power will be
given the secretary of state'to grant
certificates as many as may be approved by him from time to time. Report
fully recognized the importance of accepting only such "certificates as are
equivalent to certificates granted in
the United Kingdom, both as regards
the length and character of the experiment and the standard of the examination, so that there is no reason to anticipate other than satisfactory results
from the changes which are now pending..* '     .
The matter of mine managers' certificates is one which greatly, concerns
the growing mining industry of Canada
One of ;the most vulnerable points is
the arrangement which requires the
Nova Scotia' manager, who moves to
Alberta,' Britisn Columbia, or some
other, portion of the Dominion to sit
again for a. certificate in every province of *'• Canada, to which circumstances may call him. Surely the
coal miners in the '.West are' not so
jealous of their brethren, in the East
as to desire to place barriers in the
-wayr-neither*^re~differeirees1"lJetween
coal mining ia the Kast end coal min
ing in the West such*as to necessitate
two two or* maybe three?.', distinct;examinations. It is time that..this useless hindrance was remoyed and simi-**
Iar steps taken ny the mining profession as have already been taken by
other professions,—Canadian Mining
Journal. ,■--"'       --    ••
we stop how are all, the
men employed for war purposes to
live? They get nothing now biit their
daily wage. When that stops there is
nothing. But this question has to be
answered. ■ If the Socialists get Into
power they have to answer It. The
other parties will only answer by carrying on, the same mad course that
makes for war. Few consider these
questions. But the future will show
how important that are. Karl Marx
and his disciples are silent on these
questions. k ,
It is the field of profits that" is to
be guarded and fought over,. The
loss ■ of money (profit) is the root of
all our wars. The men who have' made
money know the fields and markets
where they have made their money
and these markets they have to watch.
It is those men who argue on the governments to war; they are.willing to
piit;up their money to retain their hold..
They elect men to parliament who will
favor the trade policy that will bring
them profit. The handling of-war material is a source of profit. The work-
men'are blind to the''fact that they
work_an_d_sla.ve_ihai-ppop!e~niay—be-
slaughtered*    The arsenal   must   bo
Fernie to
London
by Kail and Boat First Class
$99.90
account of
Coronation
G.N. Railway [Ledger Ads Pay
Davies
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Full particulars at Local Off
ice
Nome Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
Luncheons Served 01
, 1
every day from0 a.m. to 11 p.m.
Pork and Beans Saturday
SHIP & MacKENZIE
Storo Phono 123' House Phono ISO
I am agent for
"Tlie Pride of Alberta"
A Flour of which one
trial is all that is needed
to prove its worth.   -
Try "CREMO" a breakfast food that is a food
W7G. Warn
General Merchant
Hillcrest     -
SOME
"rale Irish" in Corbin. ,   ,      .,
Joe'Gnuthler has discovered another
colony of jacket rabbits, and intends
to again compete with the meat trusts.
Railway contracts will receive special
attention. ■* .■"■■•
BELLEVUE
EXPLOSION
RELIEF FUND
Amount previously acknowledged   	
Greenwood Mlnoc-J Union ,,.
Cardiff Local (__378l ;	
Carbondalo Local (22*-.7) ....
Lothbrldgo Local ((."'I.   ....
Lille Local  (1233)
Royal Colllorlos Local (2fi89)
W, K. Dryco, Donalo. Sask..,,
Miss C. Humphries, High
Rivor   	
Calgary Herald, per W. J,
Watson	
P, M. Pinkney  '
?.*.'*11!5.IIR.
."J.fO
20.00
7...0J
2.d0
So. 00
71,00
700
". .or.
38.50
5.00
. Totnl rocolpts up to Mnrch
7th $3,070.18
Disbursements    1047.r>0
Unlanco
$2028,G8
JAMES   I1TJRKR,
THE
nrk* 17 r% r? r?
1 JL JT JJ, JC
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
EJEJY ROOMS-COMFORTABLE,
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
the Board of Trade, made application' for a grant of $200 for publicity
purposes as it ls necessary to advertise what Coleman possesses as an
Inducement to outside Investors to Investigate and satisfy themsplves as to
the opportunities for profitable ventures, CoiincillQr Holmes, speaking
on the subject remarked that ho
thought tho Board of Trade waa vory
modest in their demands and had
thoy asked, a much larger amount
would have beon favorably disposed to
grant it. Others spoko In a similar
strain and upon tho mattor bolng duly
movod and seconded, it was carried,
Tho chairman of tho Hoard of Trado
I hanked the Council for Iho courteous
treatmont nccordod, nnd expressed his
appreciation of tho generous way in
which thoy had responded and assured thom that they should bo kopt Informed ns to tlio snccosR of tho publicity campaign.   .
Tho modlcal officer roportod great
improvement In tho Wost-ond noar
tho boarding houso. Tho Watch Commlttoo testified as to tho good behavior of tlio citizens.
Councillor Holmes nskod tho Council to consider tho advisability of commencing tlio construction of a bridgo
nt tho WpHt-cnd of Colemnn, also conduit In Fourth St. Thoso wore ro-
forroi! to tho Works Commit ton with
Instructions to roport nt noxt moolliig,
Tho lnrgo pool of wntor In Duni-im'oro
Avonuo wnti touched upon, but llioro
was nothing doing, In fact It wns sing-
mint, simply n mnttor of n hnrmniiloiiH
(w)holo—'—
Tlm bonrrtlng house Is now rendy for
occiipniicy;    for    fiii'Mtor pnrtlniiliii'K,
onus, otc, npply in A. Mnrrlson, .1.1'.
A pol It lon from tlin rntopnycrit wns
rend that n curfew by-law bo ciinctcd.
Thli-* wnn iiiuiiiliiioiif,l.v doeldoil upoi
HISTORIC
COURT
DECISIONS
Charles Summer,,one of the bravest
champions of human liberty ever heard
in the United States, In a speech
against tho fugitive slavo law, just
prior to the civil war, among other
things said:
*I hold judges, and especially the
Supreme Court of the,. country ■ lu
much respect," but added tliat he did
not regard them 'with any superstitious roverenco." Ho declared that
they wero "but mon, and In 'all ages'
havo shown a full share of frailty.''
that "tho worst crimes of history
hud been perpetrated under tliolr sanction" and that, "tho blood of martyrs
arid of patriots crying from the ground
summons them to judgment."
* "A judicial  trlbuiinl    condemned i „„,. ot preventing the field"'of profits
Socrntos to drink tho fatal hemlock, | _.nliif in nnnih».
and pushed the Savior hnrefoot ovor
busy,so that guns may be made, all
though the plow will stop on that account. .  The two do not work well together; the one-must detract.from the
other.     Tho one busy,' the other ' to
that1 extent. idle.     The question    is
which do you prefer; the busy arsenal, and war to follow.;,the well-farmed
farm,1 and peace to follow?     Which?
The preparatibn'for war is about as'
deadly as actual bloodshed;    The energy of the people Is being directed in
a wrong direction,   aim   many  suffer
on that account.    The policies of tho
different parties havo nothing in them
that would provent the present mad
race on to war. ' Tho Socialists would
provent War by a general strike.   The
cure might be worse than the disease.
At any rato, It would not put   nstop
to it,   Thero Is only one way that war
could bo prevented, aud that is If the
Socialists were put in power, thnt* Is
hnvo tlio govornment of the country in
thelrl'liai)d.s. Thoy could stop war preparations.     It Is clearly evident that
the contending parties in nny houso
of any country favor war,     "In tlmo
of pence prepare for war.1 Is the slogan   of   nil   political parlies.   , Waifs only the menus of protecting profits
JONES
THK   POPULAR   I1AKEI_*=
Coleman
WHOLESALE  AND   RETAIL
DEALER       ,
_       Special arrangements'for
Parties,   etc
Order your ClirlKtmnn Cake enrly
'Apply   ror  Price   List    .
IJread and Cakes shipped on tlie
Local for Kastern Camps   ,
ers
fiolng to nnothor.
tho pnvements of Jerusalem, bonding
boncnth tho cross,
"It wns n Judicial tribunal which,
against the cntroalles of hor Tut hor,
Bin-rendered "tho fnlr Virginia ns n
slave--whicli arrestee! tlio tcnclilii(.«
of tho groat Apostlo to tho Gentiles
and sent hlm In bonds from Juelwi to
Romo; which, in tho nnmo of tho old
religion, adjured tlio siiiiKh and fn-
thors of tho Christian clnm-li to
dentil In nil Its most drendfiil forms,
and which nftorwurdH, tn tlio nnmo «f
thb \ww  religion,  enforced  tho
SON-IN-LAW OF J, J.  HILL TO  BE
'PRESIDENT OF  BIG  ROAD
George T, Slnde, third vlco-presldont
of tho Northorn Pnclflc, and koii-Iii*
law of Jnmos .1. Hill, Is sliitcd to bo-
oomo prosldont of tho Northern Pacific
to succeed Howard ICIIIott, room to
liocomo president of the Missouri Pnclflc.
Colncldejil wlrh the /innoiiiiccinentl
thnt Sind*"* Ih to lice-omc tlio hi.nd of llio ]
Morgan road comos tlio niinouneemeiit |
   tf'i'-jthnt H,,C, Nuit, of
turbs of tho Inquisition,   nmldst   tlio1
shrlohH nnd agonies of Its victim's,
wlillo It, compelled Guillen (n do
clnro, In solemn donl.il for lho g.on
truth hn hnd disclosed, thnl lho enrlh
did not movo nround iIk- huh,
^"It wns a Judlclnl trh-uniil lu v.nn-
Franco, during thei long rnign nf hor
ii-mmrchH, lout ||K.,|f ,„ ■*,„ |]lfl ,„.
HtrttiiK-nl
liicoiun, fourth vice I
president of the N.,-.--*,,,,.., i>It<.]r,
I'o promoted to succeed M
o, will!
Slnde,
New Michel
& Blairmore
 » -■■■■■.■.. !i..i.-i(n*ini|.(.n.    ;..     ,  . _01 ('vp,'-v .yr-iiu'y. as dining
Tho nmoiml collected from tlio He-       , hvM ro,Kn of ■<■"■■ "■" "  «"«1 nnt
icncPH up to Mio prr.n_-.nt In *t|"*oo     ' "''"•■'•Ifl '" Bliind forth tlio implivlmr
1    Tho mooting then  luljounied  until |'™HrJ''>' «" "'" mipltylim guillotine.
•Vldny at 8 p.m I      ***   W,,H  "Jiidlclal  iril-uniil  In   Fug-
 !___-.  [Innd, surrounded i,y all the forms or
LABOR   OFFICIAL   RESIGNS      !InW' wMv]) ""'"'Honed every denpotle
  Jfniirlpo of Henry VIII.. from tho un-
Mi*   !_.!.__ mi*_.i_-i, ",   m*   ' ' .. '*',,Kt t,lvorro itf Ms oueen  t(i tli.. be.
Mr. John Mitchell l„ Compelled to Give , heading of Sir Thomas .Moore, which
Up ChnlrmanRhln of r.Wlr r«.i       I lighted   tlm  flro  nf »ini-.*nnintAn    m „i
eratlon Depurtm.-nt i glowed   at   Oxford   rmd   Hmltlifleid, I
.  i"v'***  *■'•'-■' ciniliii-H or LtiilTiiw,  III-loy
(trtd John Ilogcrc, vvlil-.li, afttir H...,.
orato n reunion', uphold tht. f0jft|
tyranny of   ship money   ngiilinu   tlio
£*M_Li_y_AT^^
To-Night Only, Friday, Mar. 10
"1
MKV.
R. FAIRCLOUGH, ^&™*2L
COAL CREEK, B. C.
YOHK. Mnrch l—MrTToiTii
Mitchell, former prosldoiitof tho Unit-
Mlno workers of Amorlcn, nnd rocontly
clmlnnaii of the Civic FVderntfnn t*i
iKiinnctn, lniiftc* public, la-day hin re*
Klgnntlon of his office nnd membecn!*l|>
In tho matter. Jt wns announced thnt
President Helh I.ow of tlio Civic Fode-
rntlon had accepted lho reslgiintlnn to
take effect nt tho iloxe of the present
month.
Mr. Mlh.hi'U'H Hovi-rance of relations
with the Civic Federation follows the
i'-ihiI recently takim hy th« United
Mine Worker* of America tn declaring
thnt nny member of thoir nr«;ariljtatloii
of    Hampden;
imtrlotle    ronl nt mice
o- iic.i.M.   t„ ...,r.„,.,.., ,
inanity. Hcnt -Sydney and Itn«HVn To
the Meeh; whleh persistently f....f.rc_.i|
the in-,-™ of conformity thnt our Pur|.
Inn Fathers perslHtetitly refused m
oloy; and which afterwards with .W
ferles on tlio bench, crlmi-oned the
rtagonot KficH.Mli hl«fnrv with mn-vi.t,'!-..
nud.minder, even nlHi the blond of Innocent women,
"And It wns n judidnl trllMirn) ij-
our country, mirrounoert hv nil the
forms of lnw. wlUb hxtv.tr,
S,u m"™ '""* "■•"'" ™"l»»'"" >•- -..«..•. ...'.J- rU;*;*.-.'
"Plftve l.ruv.'"-. si*, jM^n |.„,,0r
The Musical Play Unusual, with the ever famous
ENGLISH OPERA SINGERS
Prices SOc, 75c, and $1.00 PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 11, 1911.
There is no question of more real
merit before the Anient an people today tliiin chat which concerns ihe
mained and fatally injured. It is an
unsettled question because an adequate -treatment of suoh is a tremendous rrohleir. There •"*«■ various degrees of ha.'.ard in the different industries, the business rush is everywhere,
and in many cases the complex labor
problem increases the hazard; No
solution is possible until both capital and labor take hoia of the situation
whereby each may assume its respective* obligations.* There certainly
should be some satisfactory method of
reimbursement for disaster, primarily
for the sake of humanity, secondly, in
ordcn to bring capital and labor .more
closely together ,and unrdly, in order
to obtnin conditions which will minimize disaster. Since some industries
are more hazardous than others, the
compensation could not be alike for
all. Since in a discussion of this subject loss of life and injury to limb
must he measured in money, one can
determine by careful study the actual
cost to any particular industry, and
thus be prepared with facts upon
' which to base .conclusions that will
be fair to that, particular industry.,
' .All accidents in any industry can be
classified according to responsibility
•under one • of the four following
causes:
1. Company negligence. *
2. Carelessness of the fellow servant.
-  ' 3. Carelessness of the individual.
c 4. Hazard of the industry.*.
The following resume of the fatal
and non-fatal accidents in. the coal
mines of Washington for the 20 year
period ending December 31', 1908, classi
fied as above mentioned, is hereby
given for.thfe purpose of showing,the
causes" and ■ effects in this particular
industry for this particular state. On
account;of the length of the period,
and also because during the first 10
years the precautions and the mining
methods were below par, these results
represent a fair average for the country as a whole.
Followirig the resume is a computation which has been made in.order
to show how much relief would have
cost had. some sort of mutual, insurance plan governed the mining casualties in Washington during the past 20
years. The conclusion is an argument for prevention of accidents and
compensation for injury as based upon
. the results as revealed in this article
and from observations made in various
sections of the country.
Mine' Explosions
——Ma*y-10r:189_^45-.men-were-killed-at
, Itoslyn, in-Mine No. 1. .This ranks
, as' the worst mine disaster the coal
industry has suffered in Washington.
Gas was known to exist in the,mine
and the ventilation was kept in good
< order. The opinion of Mine Inspector Edmunds was that "it took place
In the cross-cut that was driven from
the airway to the slopo, an accu'mula-
tion of gas having taken place In the
manway and cross-cut. that when tbo
hole was drilled through as it was evident that it had been driven Into the
roof, cutting the coal at the ,top as
it entored the roof, tho gas „ found
its way through this little crack and
was Ignited by the naked lamps of the
men on the slope side, the man that
was working In tho airway, working
toward the slope, had a safety lamp,
tho others having naked lamps."
Dust greatly aiiRumonted tho force
and Intensity of tho explosion, which
was greatost on the enst side of the
mine, The minors on the wost sido
wero victims of the deadly afterdamp.
Slnco the coroner's jury rendered a
. vordlct ""that this explosion was duo
to Improper ventilation,' theso lives
aro clinrgoablo to company negligence
although it Is known that positive orders had heen given not to break
through th'o cross-cut. Innsmuch as
tho official record stands compnny
negligence, this disaster Is so rated
here,
Tho flnnnclnl loss, which results
from nn oxploslon.Is*so gront Hint, no
practical mnnngoment can afford to
poorly vent Unto n mine, Minors still
omployod nt Itoslyn who woro witnesses of thnt. onlfiHtropho emphatically
agroo thnt tho dlsnster was due in tho
enrelessnenH of tho-io nl work In Dw
cross-cut, (Minn explosions mny ho
ho reduced, hur they enn never bo
nbHolutoly erndicnted, A direful investigation will show thnt there Is ns
strong desire nnd effort on Ihe pnrt of
mlno managers in the United States to
reduce these dlsnsters ns cnn be found
any where elsn lu lho world.)
April It, ISfifi, ns explosion of flro.
(Iiun"i nt Uluo Cnnotk resulted In the
denlh of yri"uient II hooiiih thnt this
(IIhiihIi-t was due lo Kross enreliisHiiess.
The report of Inspect or Kdmuiids wns
that 'a hole hnd been driven Into the
bottom rock, ut i.h> fnco of the uatig*
wny, and It hnd been churned with
giant powdor nnd fired.    The holo hnd
beeu driven in a very improper place. I clearly th^e cause under which these
Instead of drilling it iu the direction of i fatalities should be considered,
tho gangway, and making it a lifting
shot, it was located on the top of the
rock, or across the strata, and pointing into the solid, thus making a line
of great resistance. The explosive
failed to perform the,work intended
for it, merely making, a small cavity
on the face of the rock," Such a shot
would cause a. great concussion, similar to a blow-out shot.
.- It was stated that the mine *was
free from gas that morning when the
fire boss made his examination, but
it is probable that the gas was present when the shot was fired, or a
quantity of it was liberated from the
strata with the blast,.and the heat produced by the stored-up energy' of the
giant powder, when it failed to perform work in removing rock, must
have ignited a pocket or blower of
gas. .According.to the testimony of
the men working on opposite shifts,
and some of the officials of the company, rumbling noises were heard the
day previous under the floor of the
gangway. ->
It was evident that there was not
a lai;ge quantity of firedamp present,
as but few of the bodies were, burned.
The men in the working places came
down and were suffocated by the afterdamp. These 25 deaths are chargeable to the error of the fellow servant.
December 9, 1899, 31 lives were lost
in the Carbonado No. 7 Mine explosion. This mine gives off considerable iiredamp, Dut is, and always has
been exceptionally well ventilated. It,
was tlie unanimous opinion of the
State Board of Coal Mine' Examiners
that "the origin of the explosion occurred by the ignition of a small quantity of gas in some manner unknown,
the force due " to this raising the
dust was undoubtedly the principal
factor in the explosion." These 31
lives are chargeable' to the hazard
of the industry,
April 26, 1907, seven men lost tlieir
lives in the Black Diamond Morgan's
Slope mine explosion, which, according to the finding of the coroner's
jury "was caused by the concussion
and fire -produced by an explosion
of a pocket of gas, which was brought
down by an unavoidable cave, and was
ignited by some unknown.miner." The
disaster was therefore" due to unfor-
seen causes, and .consequently attributable to the hazard of the industry.
Dust Explosions **>
' At Coal Creek, October 9, 1894, an
explosion of dust ignited by a charge
of giant3 powder caused .the deaths of
four* persons.     But for, the fact that
The Children's Hair
A Little Extra Care Now May Savo
After Years of Regret
Chlldmn plu)* >o hard Unit lho licm)
jt.it-jiln*" Min1. ilii V'-li *.,i ,i -i ml, *,'■'*
to unit and K--1 Hth-lty on thu non I p,
_*-'i'.__< aii'J w/itt'r «.i.ii.-.i*_ -cui tu *.«•
movo It, lmt tli,,. hnir mum ..ninthe
... tic. 1,1 i\',i',iy, Ji;r>t try N).i!'*» Mt.su*
tnn■■■, Hull it Into the ttunn ut tin. hulr
with Uie hull-. Of tho IHiKoih, The
fhlltlriiji lilt.* ll um] will auk yuii to
ii     '>'    ,i ,   .,„
-cuinulnleil iJum ._n<. piirn/ilrntJuii mill
lliu hulr (mil Hnti|i cun tlmn lm ('Uxtly
nml tliori.tiKlily '-l_\inr.1, Aflor It in
(Irli-il itlvo nniithin' nii|illiiit|iin nt lltr-
Hilton.!, Aftor you iinvt- iikimI it for
a while you wll! uiliiilt tt Ih tlm bcHt
you Imvi- ever ii._•.! y._!ir Nynl DnuT
Wore will i-li..|.rfnilv ..iiiiriviiKii* ITlran-
Ioiih to Uy till tli.it !.*■ . iiiliiif/il (or It,
-
the floor of Tlie gangway"" had "been
well watered the day beforo, the disaster would undoubtedly have been
very much greater. No firedamp has
ever,been found in this mine. These
four lives^ were lost on account of the
carelessness of the individual who fired the hole, and chargeable therefore
to, fellow servant.
* October 1, 1901, 11 lives were lost
at the Lawson Mine by an explosion
of dust. Investigation proved that a
very heavy shot had been fired on the
bottom and that'about 4 Inches of a
drill hole was found near the top
rock, The finding of the coroners
jury was that "an oxploslon was caused by two shots being fired ono after
the other, the second shot igniting the
dust treated by tho first shot," Evidence of poor work on the pnrt of the
Individual who tamped theso holes
would place tho responsibility undor
tho head of carelessness of the fellow
servant
Docombor 7, 190*1, at Burnett, 17
lives wore lost ub tho result of a blowout shot which Ignited the dust and
produced a disastrous explosion In ono
of tho chutes, Twelvo men were killed oui right, and flvo wero suffocatod
by afterdamp. . Tho finding of tho
coroner's jury was that "tho men wore
klllod ns a rosult of tho oxploslon
of conl diiBt, caused by heavy shooting," Tho finding thoroforo places
tho responsibility against the follow
servant,
Mine Fires
In somo of the mines of tho stnto
tho conl Is susceptible to spoutnneous
combustion, nnd In thoso mines hnvo
occurred disastrous mlno firos, Tho
most'ills-mnlrons mlno tire occurred nt
Viniiklln, August 2*1. 1S0-I, when 37
men kml thein lives throiiph suffocn-
Hon by smoko, Theso men mlulil,
hnvo escaped, but thoy Iind gono to lho
sent of the flro In the offort to extln-
riiIkIi It, when hoiiio Incompelont or
excited Inillvldunl slopped tho fnn nnd
Unix cut off tho nlr supply. Tho men
wero soon compelled to retreat townrds
tlio bottom of the slope. While going through the rock tunnel to 'the
airway, smoko wiih oncnuiiterod, which
would nnl hnvo been there hnd tho fan
heen continued In operation.
lind the exact locution of Iho flro
been known Iho fan might not. hnvo
been slopped, It Is probnblo thnt ho
who was responsible for the execution
of this net mny hnvo witnessed tho
stopping of the fnn nt somo previous
flro, und lmvo believed thnt such n pre-
cniillon was nocnsHiiry In tho enso of
every mlno flro.     Hlnc.o It. hns not
lv......    dr. Inn-ill'-, nil    'I'lintlior   llio   utrinji.
ling of the fnn wns duo to nn lncompo*
'lent official, or to an excited individual miner, It Is fair to place, the res-
ponplblllty ("-(jually under two cnufes,
coiii|inny negligence nnd enrelessnoBS
of Ihe Individual,
Individual Gas Explosions
Seventeen men have been killed in
minor gas explosions. Of this number, nine * were killed on account of
their, own carelessness, three by the
carelessness of others, and three were
due to the hazard ,of the industry.
(Two, causes unknown.)
Powder Explosions  ,
' By this cause four men have been
killed through their own carelessness,
and two on account of the carelessness of others,        '   .
-   t Suffocations
. Seventeen men have been suffocated
In most cases these deaths have been
due to the men returning to their work
places too soon after firing shots. Of
this number; 14 fatalities were,due to
Individual carelessness, two to the
hazard of the industry,- and one to
company negligence.,
Fall of Rock
Out of the 135 fatalities caused by
falls of rocks or coal, it is positively
known that 31 had spurned the advice
against continuing at work until* the
timbers already at hand had been put
In place to support the overhanging
and dangerous masses, which later fell
with fatal results. .Thirty-one. are
thus charged- to the carelessness of
the individual, 10 to the fellow servant
91' to hazard of the industry; and three
to company negligence.
Runaway Cars .or Trips
Nine trips have wholly or partly
broken loose with fatal results, because cables ".couplings, or drawbars
have broken,-been improperly attached, and in some.cases defective.* Undoubtedly, some of these defects were
not reported by the miner, or possibly, even not repaired by the company
man to whom defects may have been
reported. Por, these reasons it is but
fair to distribute the responsibility
equally between carelessness of the individual, company negligence, and
hazard." Of those killed by cars (besides the nine mentioned), whether by
collision, falling off or under, trips, or
by vbeing run down, the deaths of 13
are attributed to the carelessness of
the individual, 15 to the fellow, servant,
15 to hazard of the industry, and three
to company negligence.
Other Accidents
■ A large,number of causes, such as
coal falling off cars, falling timbers,
falls, uns'pragged cars, etc., etc., have
killed a large number of men. Under
these minor, causes 12 men have been
killed on account of their .own negligence four through the carelessness.of
others, and 37 fatalities were due to
the hazard of the industry.
N ote.—Twenty-d e affis^f two™ By'ex*-**'
plosions) from various responsibilities
have been charged in proportion to
those known, five to the carelessness
of, the'individual,- eight to the hazard-
of the industry, four . to fellow servant, and two to company negligence.
. Summary of Accidents
Causes: Explosions, 163; falls of
rock, 135; cars and trips, 55; fires, 46;
all others, 69.
Responsibilities: Hazard, 195,' equals
42 per cent; carelessness, 109; equals
23 per cent; fellow servant, 91, equals
19 per cent; company negligence, 73,
equals 16 per cent,,
During the-past 20 years 59 per cent
of all fatalities in -Washington were
caused by falls of rocks and by mine
explosions. ' These same causes produced 59 per cent of all tho deaths
ln all the coal mines of tho United
States during the yoar 1906.
Summary of Outside Fatal Accidents
Killed by machlner-y, 9; trips ot cars
■I j boiler explosions 3; falls, etc., 11.
Responsibilities: Hazard, 19; carelessness, 4; follow servant, 1; company negligence, 3.
Causes of Outside Fatalities
Six men have boen caught ln machinery wlillo attondlng to their duties,
and thoir dcatliH aro horo considered
elinrgeablo to the hnzard of .the Industry. Two woro killed on nccount of
tho breaking of machinery, and the
chnrgo Is plncod against company, neg*
ligenco In those particular cases, Four
men hnvo fallen undor trips, tho
dentlib of whom should bo plnocd undor
lho cnuso of hazard.
Cost of Fatalities
TnkliiK llio foregoing casualties Into
nccount. ns reliable data, computation
has boon mndo on a basis of $2,000 ns
compensation for onch fatnllly wlioro
n widow was left, nnd In those cases
whoro children unvo been lieroft, $500
for ench; und In addition $500 lu each
enso where no widow was left; nnd
hIiico HI'i men hnvo lost, their lives,
lenvlng 182 wldowR nnd -IHS fnthnrloHS
children, n fund of $769,5/10 would havo
been iiocoHHiiry to IIiuh componsnto
tIioho left  without  melius.
Note.--, .ir four years lho widows
nnd orphans wero computed iiccordlni.
to tho law of nverngcH. This was no*
(..(issiiry owing to Iho condition of tlio
record,
The Coat nnd Extent of Injuries
The tut nl number of mm-fiitnl accidents which hnvo beon recorded Is
1,:ir»9. TIioho produced 1,201 Insldo
and US mil Hide Injuries, Allowing n
fair compeiisiitlon for tho various Injuries, tnki'ti Into nccount according to
tho fnllowlnir scnlo they would hnvo
cohi ns follow..:
of men employed 76,628. According
to the figures above, the total, cost
of injury would have amounted to ?1.-
003,760. These figures show an average cost per ton of $.0247, and of $13.10
per man per annum to compensate in
this manner. If the state had' carried
one-half the burden, of the hazard, its
share would have amounted to 21 per
cent., and, had * the company paid
for .the remainder of the hazard and
the company negligence' charge, its
share would have been 37 per cent.
This would have left to the.men'42
per cent.,.comprising tha responsibilities resulting from negligence on the
part of individual and fellow servant.
For convienence and fairness let us
reckon on the. following basis, charging* to the. state 25 percent; to the
men, 35 per cent.; to the company,
40 per cent. , Accordingly, the results
are:.
Cost per Cost per
ton man
annum
To the state per annum $,006175 $2,75
To the company per ann. .009880 . 5.50
To the individual per an. .O0S645 4.85
Prevention of Accidents
Prevention of accidents is largely
dependent upon the kind of precautionary laws ln force, the degree to whicli
they are enforced; and also»upon the
spirit with which' such laws are received, while> compensation for accidents
must be based upon reliable- data,, in
order to not only afford relief, but also
to promote responsibility aud thereby
react as a great agent for the prevention of accidents. Casualties in this
country are greater in proportion to
the number of men employed than In
like industries in most any other country, one might select. Not only this,
but in coal mining at least the ratio
of casualties is rapidly on the increase.
In spite of these facts we cannot treat
the problem as it may be treated in
any other ..country, because the conditions aro so different. It is for this
reason that we must here deal with
carefully prepared .facts* 'and figures.
The rigid enforcement of laws framed to insure the safety of the individual and to protect the lives of all
others employed seems the only policy
that can help reduce.the number and
kind of accidents in,, every sort of
hazardous industry. The time, is .also
ripe for men to depart from the false
notion that it is unfair (scabby) and
eiseless to complain of fellow working-
men whose actions are wrong. This
is a false notion wliich has assumed
such proportions in present-day America, that its results are. too frequent
ly disaster and death. '   *    ■
Accordingly, as the laws are made
and enforced and the respective responsibilities ■ appreciated,' .he annual
levies will decrease."' While the proceeding results show the average of
the past, they should be considered -is
excessive for the future, because.there
is reason to believe that in the very
near. future the recommendations resulting from the labors of all investigators will aid in a material reduction
in-the-number-and-kind-of+dlsastersr
The recklessness practiced in the use
of powder, „ which causes many mine
explosions, and the consequent falls
of rock.which result as after effects
of these explosions, will be the greatest errors to overcome. Since these
two causes are practically one, and
since they produce,the majority of in-
juries,, and- because a remedy Is easy
the prediction for a reduction is woll
founded. The belief of those who
have studied the question Is that the
reduction should amount to.between
50 per cent and 75 per cent.
Any contemplated bill aimed to provent disaster should possess a feature
encouraging more care on the part of
all concerned, and no feature in any
bill could bo of much greater value
than such a ono as would under-rate
the amounts to be collected for compensation, bocause tho entire working force would then bo made to realize that great precaution ls necessary
ln order to fully recompense for injury.
Thus a propor and nocossary incentive
would he created to holp reduce both
disaster and levies for. compensation.
Nono can afford to bo so pessimistic
ns to expect rucIi reductions, and
tbcpo who cannot ass-one suoh nn tit-
tltudo havo no' businoss Booking employment or engaging In business ln
any hazardous pursuit. Assuming
redactions to bo 30 por cont. (nnd thoy
should go much lowor), the amounts
necessary to covoi* requirements according to the foregoing reckoning
would become reduced ns shown In tho
following tnblo:
, Cost por Cost por
ton mnn
annum
To stnte pnr milium. .$.004322 $1.92
To compnny por ann... ,006916 .1.85
To Individual por ami. .000055 II.IO
Mr. Hlchnrd Nowsnm, prosldont nnd
mining onginoor of tho Stnto Mining
Honrd, Illinois, In liln nrtlelo, '"Timely
Remarks" sincerely but positively
hI nt es, "Wo hnvo laws tlmt would help
In our Hlnto, but wo also hnvo snmo
thnt, could bo (.rendy henoflted If
they wero elinugod, Yot wlml. Is tho
iiho of making Inws If not notice Is
Inkon of them?" Nnlnroily, tho Infor-
onco from Mr. Nowsnm's rernnrlcH In
fewer but bettor laws and nil enforced,
Aflor 55 yenrs of prnctlcnl mining ox*
porlnuco Mr. Nowmim Hint on thnl. "ho
bellovoH 75 por conl of tlio llvos can ho
saved thnt aro now bolng lost In Illinois mining oporntlons, thnl, (lie only
ono who cnn stop tho pronl loss of lifo
In our conl mlnos to-day In "tho minor
himself, by living up to (ho lnws, nnd
thinking moro of his own lifo and of
ployers'.liability act. ■ Most men conceded .that it is well to carry .certain
kinds of insurance: Thinking men
know that it is their duty to assume
such responsibility., Since, the majority of workingmen,possess both, intelligence and a high sense of duty,
would it not be possible to frame for
his benefit some sort of insurance "act
for this particular industry, which
will satisfy both' his sense of duty and
his intelligence, one equable"both to
employer and to employe. ,
In 1907, a carefully prepared bill failed to pass the Illinois legislature. The
bill had. many meritorious features for
the benefit of the workingman. The
failure to pass was largely due.to the
fact that such insurance had to be
carried in some casualty'company, organized under the laws of the state or
admitted to do business in that state.
An insurance plan which provides for
a minimum profit ought, when sufficiently improved, to satisfy and become
effective. Insurance companies must
make a profit, and they can prosper
without soliciting business from laboring men. The lattor should be able
to obtain insurance'hy some more economical method than that offered by
insurance companies.
If a bill were framed making it lawful (after the Illinois' 'onlj, viz., "For
any employer to make a contract in
writing with any employe, whereby the
parties may agree tha the employe
shall become insured against accident occurring in ..the course of employment, which results in personal
Injury or death in accordance with the
provisions of this act, and that in consideration of .such Insurance, the employer shall be relieved from the consequences of acts or omissions, by reasons of which he should without such
agreement, become liable towards
such employe", the state might well
afford the additional expense for the
necessary officials to collect, maintain
and disburse these casualty funds, and
also pay one-half the1 compensation
due to hazard responsibilities. For
the reasons given it might "be a better
law, if* it were provided' for the men
to enter the" agreement as contributors to the insurance plan'.
According to our present system,
there is financial relief from but one
of the four causes mentioned; namely;'
when an accident is declared'by jury
as due to company negligence, and under this process but a small portion
of-this money is actually received by
those most* depe'nedent upon the
awards. Whenever ..compensation 'is
obtained by law, the disbursement of
funds would require a vast amount of
consideration. They should be pay-"
able in monthly instalments, according
to the needs, and,extend over as, long
a time as possible,.* This would be
particularly necessary in cases of large
sums due beiieficaries who could easily
become victims of fraud or robbery, "
TBe^"tat^iSi^^rdarbeneiicary-iroiii1
tax levies in mining operations and it
would be-a much.greater beneficary
with proper compensation' laws- enacted, whereby legal processes which
arise from damage suits were eliminated. It cannot.but help working to
the benefit of all concerned when the
provisions are made for the employer
and employe to contribute to a general
fund for compensation to the injured.
Some great economical change must be
brought about,in order to make workingmen better satisfied, better protected, more certain to follow their chosen
line of work and what Is more Important, to develop In them a larger
sense of responsibility. If these results aro obtained, both the omployer
and the employe will have the-adequate protection to which both are
ontltlod, but greatost of all the benefits will bo tho results which will como
as tho individual fully appreciates the
fooling of assuranco whilo ho proceeds
with his daily labors.—Raymond P.
Tarr, tn Mines and Minerals,
DR. WRIGLESWORTH, D.
'*■■ "   ,    DENTIST.     ■
D. S.
Office:" Johnson-Faulkner Block,
Hours 9-12; 1.-6; . Phone 72
rernie
B. C.
DR. J, BARBER, DENTIST
Office Headerson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours $ to 1; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
, Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.   •:.
r
W. R. Ross K. C. W. S. Lane
ROSS & LANE
Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, B. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein D. E. McTaggart
■    ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Street Fernie B. C.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgr   .
t______|_*W_______^***********f*_________r***__*_^^
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
F. C. Lawe,
Alex. I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fertile, B. C.
H. L. B1SSONNETTE
. Veterinary Surgeon
Calls  promptly  made,  day or night
and satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
P. O. Box   1126
Phone 882
R,W, McDONALD
ACCOUNTANT and AUDITOR
325,  Fifth  Avenue, W
CALGARY, ALTA."
^***.*********************
ROMA HOTEL -jf
Dining Room and Beds under "   *
New Management."
.|j-„Eirst—class—table board-
Meals 25c. "Meal Tickets$5.00
.BANQUETS CATERED FOR
Rates $1.00 per day   '
R. Henderson, Dining Room Ugr
******************irt******
EMPLOYERS OBLIGATION
Interesting Point Under the Compensation Act
In lho (,'ity of London Ccurt a point
of considerable Importance undor tlio
Workmon's Componsiiuoii Act wn.-*
raised, Samuel Phillips, ot Cliff ori
Road, Canning Town, workod from
Hong Kong, A tomblo gnlo wns on-
counlorod and'Phillips was struck by
a wavo niul twltftod completely round
whilo lio was holding a. ropo, Tho
result was "that sovoral bonos of IiIh
wrist woro brokon, Uiou..h, had he not
hold on, dosplto tlio upony, ho must
havo been drowned, Tho Bliippluf;
Kodornlloii hnvo pnld lilm luilf-wu;cn,
17s. 3d,, but now wum to rcduoo It, to
10s. Thoy urpnil Hint the man oiiuht
to obtain ltKht worlc, Ou his bohalf
ll wnn ronlondod that tho obligation
rested on tlio oinpUiyois In find the
llKht, work, nm! 1 IiIh m-fiiinwnl wns uphold hy tho JikIko,
Loans
On first clasi
business and residential  property.
DROP IN
MATTER
AND TALK THE
OVER WITH US
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
Fernie Dairy
FKESH MJJVK
delivered to all
pnrts of tho town
Sanders & Verhacst  Brothers,
Proprietors
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Everything;
Up-to-date
Gall in and
see us once .
JOHN PODBIELANCIK, Prop.
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading Commercial
and Tourist House
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
JOHN B. WATSON
Chartered Accountant, Aoslgnde. Liquidator and Trustee; auditor to
Die Cities of Cnlgary and Fernie.
CALGARY, ALTA.
P. O,  Box 308
INTERESTING!
For Hut-,1  and Ounranteod
N. E, SUDDABY
-»*.
One for «tcb tvwrydity _llm«_i
enrrod nt Franklin, Oelolior 11, 18!i5,
when four men lost their liv'-H. A
Kim hlowor hnd hern IkiiIIpiI, which In
turn limited tho tlmhcrs. The men
Imd renchod tho surfaco In safety, hut
lho four who had gone below to extltiK-
tiNh Mio flrn. nnd wlio hn.) cnni-. fn
Rplte of HlreiiuoiiH wnriiliiKs, .loriHhed
In Dw hfnnkn nml flume These four
IIveil nro r-lmrrcenhli- to lhe cticlpfifi-
neun of the Individual
AW.U8** 21, 70H five men p.cilHh<-*d
In a mine fire at iHiiiuiuah, which ..tn...
od,.from n nurfnrn hush flro, All hut.
five of iho nilners fsrajind ntu-r lhe
warning hnd boon t'.lx-on if,.-, nicn fo
cnmo out.     Hazard of tho Indunlry is
Injur)           .Vu.
Coiill*.
■iW.tl
Hrolicn le.i? .. 1'70
$    .100
$81,000
Severn   ...... ..*>*•.
ino
49.200
Hroken arm ,.120
ino
18,000
flllKht     HOI
20
u.e-so
■""lever..  Inirn       17ft
inn
17 MO
Sllitlit hum .. 1,'i 1
'd0
i.fi.so
Fraotu'd  skull     7
1,000
7.O0O
Injured splno ..     1
MOO
20,000
A«-m I'.mr-iit't'd.     -1
l.fiOO
d/iOO
U'K nmput.it'd ,  |
2,000
8,000
Hand amiml't'd    S
1,000
8,000
llnth eyes out    .  2
R.000
10,000
One oyo out. ...     1
1,000
1,000
l.f e.lhn
T!'.*-*'.'f' eve iir*
Total
.i..i:.!i
|2»4,aou
Injury No. Camp.    Totnl
How the  Burden  Might  Have  been
Carried nnd what it would Celt to
Carry it at the Same Rate New,
The* atomi! total of fen* mined was
dnuhlnillv I hnn sands of others who
would tosilfy pronlflflly iih Mr, Nowsnm Iiiih dono. Tlio tiort, of Ionic
which these mon prr-st-nt must bo
hoard and nboyod, thero must, he moro
tlioiiKlit, moro duty, moro education,
it..MIH*     S.W UlUllVM tWillll     iUl     Ul_i1..&,    tl.     k'C-1
Rood lnwH, ovory ono alive. Theso are
the rcr-ulBltos to hoIvo not only thla,
but nlHo ovory civic problom.
Compemiiitlon
To i.eruro lo-s-lHlatloii simply to assure ('(mipeiiRntlon for those who nre
dc)icm]|.iit ii|*..n thoso killed, and for
thore* who liernmo Injured In hazard*
nun jmimiltti, Is n possibility which
may afford relief for inose affected,
but (his U only half the problem. The
enactment must bo frnmed to holp reduce the number and kind of accident*
a* wr)], j, co-operative InRurawe
plan mlpht hn bottor .hnn a workln.*.'
40,051,289 for Dw 20-year porlod. and | men's tomiioiiBallon benefit or on era-
Tho Kin*, has mnny prlvlloRen winch
ho novor oxoi'uIhoh, Tlo onjoys an Immemorial right In,all Kold and Hllvor
mlnos, not only on his own land, hut
upon any of liln mibjoefn* biuls w|l,':ln
bis (lomnliiH. So Bliftroholders In Umxd
axxd Wot-tviillan inlncs, would havo to
fnrep.0 tliolr dlvldoiids If Klnpr (Ioomo
felt a/iirlrloiisly dlspono-!.     Tho K'.iir
I"   nl*"***   e«tlt|ei*|  tn   f,    ynnvly   frlhii.n
from his tailor, conslstlm*. nf a pnlr
of wlillo doves, ii pound of cummin
sued, a pair of uuu-let Iioko, and a
silver needle. All Rlurgco|i and whnles
uHUKlit In llrltlnh wn torn nro roynl por*
(IuIkIIor.     The wlinle lm« a npllt. Ha*
I   >•'." 'I-I .Ml      1      -   - I ..      ,-*,,,.   ,.,
*,Hk.,., . *,.■*      ...I,     Hi..  I'.s,.      ->•-..       \,.,, *...
Mary, whilo ils head rocs to King
*f>eori;n, II, Is Kcnnrnlly assumed that
tho partition wan docldod upon In Older that lho Qiicon should always .be
supplied with wlmlo bono; but if so
tho founder of thin aet of bonoflcleiieo
cnmniltfed tlin mlitnleo ot -rfvln,*. tho
Queen tho wrong half.
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A relmble I'ttnthrrtreUltirjoever Uili. Thete
Villa or* dxcee.llnely powAriul In rrgtuUtinir the
g«R«»tlv« portion ol ik umalsivitcm, Htlut*
«JI clump ImlUlinnn, nr.'de ▼»*_»•• art noli! tt
»*» t (v.*, nt ihr** lurlift' lU'W in »«y ».!. ■«_«,
Th* _)MtM)l Drag Co., St. CftUiarin***.**, Ont,
For 8ale at Rlendell'i Drug 8tore.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦
FERNIE UNJONJIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamstorn No.
141. Moots ovory Frldny nlpibt at,
8 p. m. Miners' union hall. J.
JnckBon, Prosldont; 13, Marsham,
UocnrdliiR Roeretnry,
Bartenders' Local No, 614: Moota 2nd
and 'Uh Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Scoro*
tary J. A, Clouplll, Waldorf Hotel,
Gladstone Local No, 2314 U, M, W. A.
Monti". ft'irX tornX 1tb Tbtiridny Miner'*,
Union hnll.    1), llboa, So\"
Typographical Union No. 885' Moots
Inst Saturday in each month at tbo
Ledger Offlco.    A. J, Duokloy. Sac*
mlnr-**
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P, of C. Moots
* In Mlnorn Union Hall evory Sundny
nt 7.4-5 p.m. Kvorybody welcome D.
Paton, Socrotnry-Tronnuror.
Amalgamated 8oelety Carpenters' and
Joiner-..'—Meet In Miners Hall ovory
alternate Tliurnlay nt 8 o'clock. A.
Wnrdi secretary, P. O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenter! and
Jolneri,—Local 1220. D, J. Evana,
PrMlrfenf ,• P. 11. Phnw, floorolnry.
H. H. Depew
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER    AND*
CONTRACTOR
P. O. BOX 423,
FERNIE1
LIVERY
n
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale
0
fe*"
Gf.(WA lkrtnn    Pl.ono 78 !
9>
1 _£fl__*'^5*g5**J^g&__ g_ tf*?*gS.***».<**_[
**************************
i
-e
't
SIHQ3SJR
E WI NG
| MACHINE   CO I.
>•
>•
>•
i-
>•
>■
i
:; WM.    BARTON  .:
■ t h
.t   Anrcnt   rernle   Brunch    \'
• t
._ Pellatt   Ave,    North ': THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, MARCH 11, 1911.
f.'A
The Week's News for
Our Foreign Brothers
UPOZORNENIA
_►
V statnom s'udobnom 'dome
vdbivanom * v . Pondelek dria.
16hi Januara , 1911, Pompei
Cheilli bol dosnani.o krades
miner v Coal Creek a bdsu-
deni na 3 mesace zalaru tvidy
prace. '       • ■
AVVISO
- Nella corte provinclale di
Fernie' Gennaio 16, 1911, fu
arrestato Pompei Cheilli, per
il la'trouiggio dei carrl dei
" minatori, a No. 5 e. No. 1
Nordo.* mina, Coal Creek. " II
quale fii condannato -a
mesi di lavoro forsato.
WARNING
♦
tre
In the Provincial Court, held
at Pernie on Monday, Jan. 16,
1911, Pompei Cheilli was con-
, vlcted of the theft of miners'
cars at No. 5 and No. 1 north
mines, Coal* Creek, and sen-,
tenced to three months' imprisonment with hard labor.
Crow's   Nest   Pass   Coal   Co.
Est-ce Que Lo Pauvrete
Est Necessaire?
Le doctenr Jacob H. Hollander, pro-
fesseur d'economie politique a l'Uiii-
versit-5 John1 Hopkins, a prononcd l'au-
tre jour, un discours remarquable a la
reunion annuelle de la Sociale1 juive de
' Bienfaisance de Baltimore."
Apres avoir complimente la .Socidte'
du hon travail qu'elle accomplissait,
lo professeur a ajoute* qu'un jour vlen-
' drait ou la pauvrete serait aussi in-
connue .que l'esclavage. , 11 base 'son
opinion dit-il * ,sur ses etudes histori-
ques et sur son observation des m6-
■t.hodes modernes* employees par les
Societes charitables, 11 dit que.ceux
qui sont convaincus que la pauvretd est
scruple d'abuser d'eux. oh peut se faire
une idee des conditions horribles,dans
lesquelles- ces etres humains existai-
ent.' ' '   ..
- Aujourd'hui; dans les pays civilised
l'esclavage n'existe plus. Les seigneurs existent a peine; les planteurs
d'autrefois sont devenus des fermiors.
II est malheureux d-avoir a constat-
erque ce resultat n'a pu etre, obtenu
que lorsque.ces eselaves ont compris
leur force s'ils se mettaient' ensemble;
et,. par-la-force, se sont empares de ce
qu'on leur refusait. . Ces etres humains qu'on *. vait abrutis a plais'r pendant des siecles out alors eu des re-
piesaiJies horribles; t<§moins* Iu Ter-
reur en Franco, et les d-jprddalions
sauvn-s.es des negres cle la Louisiana
durant la guerre de 1864-65.
Or, si l'esclavage n'existe plus dans
les pays civilises, en tant Qii'institu-
tion, l'indgalit-3 sociale, basee sur la
fortune est encore partout on evidence.
Ddja en France vers le milieu du siecle
dernier, la bourgeoisie avait rempIac-S
la noblesse comme classe dirigeante, et
avait rStabli presque tous les anclens
abus a son profit. La bourgeoisie
ayant fait fortune dans le commerce
ou l'industrie, sdtait en peu de temps
empar^e des forces vives du pays. Elle
placait ses fils dans la magistrature,
dans la carriere diplomatique, dans
l*arme"e; s'emparalt 'des banques et
finalement par des jeux de bourses
os6s, accaparait les commodities de la
vie. - Elle s'arrangeait ainsl a profiter
de tout le travail du peuple, et a lul
falre payer si cher ses denizes alimen-
taires et son habitation, qiie'le peuple
encore une fois, tout en (Slant libre par
,1a constitution, <_tait tout de meme a
sa merci.    *    ,   '
Cet <Stat de* ehoses, s'il s'am&iore un
peu, grace a la plus grande.* instruction du peuple, n'a cependant guere
ehang-l Ici, aux Etats-Unis, la.situation est encore plus deplorable.' s'il
est pfjrmis de l'avouer. Tous los gens
riches se mettont ensemble pour s'em-
parer d'une entreprise ou d'une indus-
tric de facon- a eliminer la concurrence
reduire les depenses,* et forcer le peuple a payer des prix de famine, - C'est
le systeme. des trusts.
Qui prend les intijrets du peuple dans
cette coalition formidable du-Capital
uni" contre" le Travail disorganise a
plaisir?   , Personne.   ■'* Malgrd'le droit
Je laisse de cote bien entendu nos-
millionnaires qui ont tout simplement
hente leur fortune. ' Le beau, nitrite
qu'il y a la! Quelle profonde injustice encore, qu'un enfant vienne au
monde avec des revenus suffisants
pour faire vivre une armee, alors. qu'un autre arrive dans .un denument
complet et devient une charge de plus
a ses parents ddja trop' pauvres!
II y a encore bien des problemes a
resoudre de facon a faire disparaitre la
pauvrete'de la terre, bien.que beau-
coup d'entre eux sont deja r<§solus.
S'ils ne sont pas encore mis en pratique, c'est que le peuple est encore trop
indifferent; 'ce qui touche' son voisin
sans le toucher lui-meme l'interesso un
peu; l'experience' de son frere tie Iui
profite pas; il faut'ou'il-y,passe lui-
meme.* ■ 1 . s
Mais alors, Iorsqu'il se fera a l'idee
qu'il est en son pouvoir de changer la
plupart 'de ces abus, contre lesquels
il ne fait rien parce qu'il ne les com-
prend pas, il etudiera le socialisme et
il oil fera son profit. Pas ce socialisme mal compris qui conduita l'ana.
chie, e'est-a-dire a l'absurde, mais ce
socialisme saisonnable, bas<§ sur les
faits et sur l'experience, qui n'est,
apres tout, qu'une comprehension plus
clalre des besoins de l'homme^et la
maniere Equitable' d'y supplier. ■
HIRAM.  "
Dans l'Echo de 1'Quest.
PAINFUL STITCHES
IN THE BACK
No one but- those, who are afflicted
with that dreadful • Kidney Disease
know what this means, and you who
are so afflicted will forget all about it
in a few days if you are only wise
enough to take FIG PILLS. Fig' Pills
are guaranteed to cure you. If not
your money back,'"
25c. a box at all leading drug stores,
or mailed on' receipt of price by The
Fig Pill Co., St, Thomas, Ont.
PAGE SEVEN
  pmisir.     j/ersonne.   •'JMalgrO" le droit
inevitable se trompent aussi surement de vote investl ent0Ul cKoyen, Ce droit
quo ceux qui autrefois, assuraient .que est tenement*modifi. par les politiciens
I'osolavnefi isfnlt .nm in.-nc.H™. m.». I do pro£assion-gue le rgsuUat des elections est gendralement tout autre que
celui que Ic" peuple attendait. Les
gens,riches s'emparent de la terre, des
tis'ines, des chemins'de fer.' Ils fond-
ent aussi des banques' pour attirer 1'-
<5pargne que le peuple-a'-pu-falre, et
___len_.^e_r*_ir___non_^ns_jLiiit_e^^
l'esclavage etait une institution indispensable au bonheu'r de la race hu-
maine. '       ; .
Certes! Voila des paroles recon-
fortantes, bien faites pour rCJouir les
esprits genereux qui sont choques de
.voir la misere* abjecte coudoyer-des
fortunes scandaieuses.- • 11 yala une
-r-i iicgali td—qui—revol Lei:eux~qin ~en~s5nt
les simples spectateurs, car * s'il est
vrai, que certains iiommes sont lombes
dans I'a' misere par leur imprevoyancc
ou-ipar leurs vices, la grande majorlte
n'y est plongde qiic par un ddfautdo
Torganization sociale, ddfaut auquel on
pourrnit rem-Sdier avec de la bonne
Tolontd. '
La compnrnlson* donnee par l'llmin-
ent prof ossein* est juslo. Tous les
grands do la Torre, des nnciens, jus-
, qu'aux planteurs. do la Loulslano,1 en
passant par les seigneurs du moyen
age, no pouvnlent" comprondro. l'oxls-
tcncc-'-ln lour bien ontendu-sans le
secours d'esclaA'es.'    On so souviont
' encore de In guorro atroco qui out lieu
cntro lo Nord ot lo Sud des Stats Unis
n,co sujel, guorro qui mit flh a Pes-
clavngd, Parmi los planteurs ,db la
Louisiano, benucoup dtnient do lionno
' foi; ils croynlent fermomont quo 1'cs-
olnvago -Mult uno institution ii lnqijollo
II serait Impossible de toucher sans
l'nire cronlor la socldtd moderno. Les
Orecs et les Komnins on ponsnioiit tin-
innt; les nobles du moyeu...nso pensu-
lcut do nieiiio, Eh blon! La Involution frnncnlso ost nrrlvde qui a chiing(5
cot dtat do ohosos. Lea nobles ont
■Ud dlspersds, mals la Franco n'a pas
(llsparu,
Aux Elnt-Unls, sous ..'Impulsion' du
grand pnlrloto Lincoln, rosolnviifto n
616 aboil. Quelques lflnnteurs out dW
ruliids; ninls les Etats-Unis n'ont pas
dtflpni'it non plus.
II on est do momo pnrtout ou l'es-
elaviiRo a dtd aboil, momo en la mon-
-nrchiqiio Hussio, ou les sei'l':- onl, did
llbdrds polit, n polit.
Ceux qui out ou n so plnlndro do eo
tioiivoI dint do ehoses emu pi'dc'li"*'*
mont re liv qui vlvalont en' paniBllos di.
trawl dos eHclave:"),
No Hiirlumt Won falro, ot moiuiw two
vie do lolslrs, 11 dlnlt Indlsponsnblo que
d'nutroH IrnvnlllasHont, pour sufflro a
lours bosolns. Et, commo cos ohcIiivoh
nu cos Horfs n'nvniont auoun dint civil;
commo los mullros avnlont Kdndnilo*
eux, ot qu'ils n'> so fiilsitlont nullomoiit
ment le droit, do vlo ot do mow. sur
DEMISSION   DE   JOHN   MITCHELL
NEW YORR.--M. John Mitchell,'ci.
devant chef du United Mine Workers
of America, et rdcemment prdsident du
bureau de conciliation, de la National
Civic Federation, a annoncd ce soir
qu'll avait rdsignd ses fonctions de
prdsident et donnd sa ddmission de la
fdddration., , On a aussi annoncd que
M. Seth Low, de ■ la Civic Fdddration
avait acceptd la ddmission qui devlen-
dra effective a la fin' du mois_ La ddmis
sion de, M. Mitchell est la consdqu-
ence de la.ddcision* du Mine Worker
prise ..rdcemment de.casser celui de
ses chefs qui accepterait un poste'que-
lconque de la Civic Federation.
En acceptant la ddmission de M. Mitchell, M, Seth Low a rendu hommage
a sa valeur et a l'influence heureuse
qu'il aurait pu longtcmpts exercer par
l'dstablissement de meilleurs rapports
entre proprietaries et patrons.*—La
Presse.
Certains journaux annoncent quo la
greve des mineurs unis de la Nouvelle-
Ecosse, qui dure depuis si lorigtemps,
est sur le point de se terminer, Un
grand nornbre de grdvistes se sdpare-
raient de l'union. et reprendraient le
travail, sans condition.
Informations prises, on apprend qu'il
n'y a rien de fondedans cette ruineur.
—La' presse.
pie, mais dans 1 intdret des actionnai-
res.    . -. .
i'Jes gens riches s'emparent du pouvoir judiciaire, de facon a ce que' s'ils
sont contrecarrds dans leurs plans par
une administration populaire,* ils pui-
sscnt ndnumoins avoir raison devant
la loi.
■ lis Iaissent enfin le peuple travail-
ler a leur. grd—pas tons ensemble de
facon a avoir sous le main une armdo
do snns-travail prete a brisei* n'importe
quelle greve. De co travail du peuple
lo capltnlisto retire un gros bdnefice et
no laisso a celui qui produit qu'une
somme a peine sufflsnnte, pour son
entretien ddcent et celui.de sa famille,
Je sals bien que l'on objoctcrn que
lo capltalisto fait travalllor son argent
ot court souvent do gros rlsques cn
crdnnt une nouvello entrcpriso, Snns
iloutc. Jlaia pulro quo'celul qui no
risquo rien n'obtiont pas grand' choso
on ce mondo 1'ouvWor qui risquo sa
peau dix heures par jour lul, en fals-
nnl nglr'dos machines compliqudes ou
on trnvalllnnt a dos,mdtiors Insalubres,
court, un risquo nutromont. prdcleux quo
son patron, II y a uno jolle dlffdr-
onco eutro le milllonnlro qui po tue lors
d'un accldenl. d'nulomoblle ot lo pan-
vrd dlnblo do nilnour qu'oiigloutlt uno
explosion do grisou! Ln fommo'ot
los onfnnts du milllonnnlro. auront un
grnnd chiigWu sans douto mais la vlo
mntdrlollo no lour sera guoro chnngdo
et lis vlvront dans iiuononnco. Mnis
dnns lo ens do a fommo ot dos enfants
du nilnour qu'nrrlve-t-11 lorsquo lo
ohof do fnmlllo ost dlspnru? , Ln mis-
oro nolro lo suicide ou l'liopltnl, II
n'y n pns grnnd cholx.
On objoct era aussi quo contains do
nos mllllonnniros d'niijourd'liut out
(-ommoncd snns un sou ot. no dolveiit
lour luddpendnnco qn'a lour dnorfilo ot
n lour volonld. Soit! It y on quel-
qiios-uii; mals In mnln sur la conscl-
onco 11 n'y on n pas benucoup. On los
compto! HI lour dnor-slo ot lour
Hcleneo do l'dpargno los'out dlovds an*
dosHiiH dn lours Homblnbloii lo hnsnrd,
In volne—ou los moyons loiichos—ont
du los nldor Jollmcnt muss
KAJ PRAVI MILIONAR
FrederlcJc^Townsend Martin, million-
ar nowyorSki je v mai-devi stevilki mes-
ecnika "Everybody's" objavil clanek, v
kterem pravi med drugim sledede*
HER  MISTAKE. ,
The Way It Was Explained to .Her by
the Clumsy Man.
Owing to the fact that the car lurch-
id suddenly as he was passing along
lie aisle Brouson was deprived of
lis balance, with the result that* iu
ittempting to savo himself from fall-
ng he clutched one of the shoulders
»fa handsome woman who bad suc-
reeded in getting a scat. Moreover,
ie knocked ber beautiful hat awry
md. with grent'difficulty avoided step-
ling on her toes; As he succeeded iu
•ccovcrlng his equilibrium the lady
urned toward him and said:
"You coutemptible pup! I wish you
:o understand that 1 am,not a lamppost or a piece of furniture to bo
iluug to for support. You ought to
ride in a cattle train. You have uo
right to crowd in where you can tear
ither people to pieces with your big,
twkward hands. You pitiful clown!
fou ought lo be thrown out into tlie
itreet. You are uot fit to be allowed
:o go where you ,'are likely to interfere with the comfort of refined peo-
)le. You unmannerly bumpkin!' You
leserve to be"—
"Excuse me, madam," Bronson man-
lged to say, "you have made a mis-
:ake."
"A, mistake!"   tbe  lady  demanded,'
ior eyes flashing with wrath. ' "What
lo you, mean?"   ■
. "I am not your husband."
The Sheath Stocking Shocks a
. Few Fortunate Beholders.
OU   MAURIER   HAT   EFFECTS.
THE CLERMONT.
First
From
List of Locals District 18
Corroded by District l-Jocr ctnry up lo November 19, 1910,
MO. NAME                       8EC, AND P. 0. ADDRESS.
29   Jlniikbond V. Wliontloy, Tlnnkhond Altn.
**/81 llonvor Creek ., \V. Wit.Bnn, Denver Crook, via Plnclior,
•131   nollovuo    ,T. n.r.kii, Dollovuo, Kmnk, Altn,
21(1,1   ninlrmoro  .Inmofl Tiirnbu, 11, lllulrnioro, Alberta.
910   Durmlfl  Tliomns Oronory, Durmls, Altn,
WH   Cnnmoro  .'J. Noll, Cnnmoro, Alta.
£'o7;.V   Columan    W. Graham, Colomnn, Altn.
3227   Cnrbondalo  0.  M. Davies, Carbondalo, Coloman, Altn.
2378 Cnrdfft  ........ L. Hucklns, Cardiff, Altn.
2877   Corbin   11. Jonas', Corbin, D, 0,
217fl ninmnml City ., C."*_..."._.7  Qrlr.::, V'uiu.^! Cx-'j,    ijnihtw^v.
2388   Edmonton    M. nonlc, 434 Lome stroot, Norwood, Kdmonton.
2314   Pornlo   D. Roos, Fernio, D. C.
J 2C3   Frank  0. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
2497   Ilosmor   J, Ayro, HoBmcr, D. C.
10R8   Hillcrest   .1. tm, Jones, Hillcrest, Altn.
IW   r,ol*hb'l*ldgo   L.    Moore.    P.O.    Hnx    113.  Lothbrlduo.
1233   Lillo   W. I_, KvnnH. Lille, Frank, Altn.
2829 Mnplo T.#nf .... Jr.  Olldfty,  Mnplc  Leaf,  nulluvuo, Alia.
2334   Mlchol   M. nurrcll, Mlchol, n. C.
23R2   Pnflflhunr    Jan. Davis, PnsBburK, Albertn,
2589 Royal Collieries. Jnmes McKlnley. Roynl Colliery, Lothbildge, Altn.
102   Tnbor   William missel!, Taber, AUa.
IIIK-J   Tnbor    B. Drown. Tnbor, Altn.
14 .Monarch Mlno,  . H. W. W'ntlilns, Klcnn, AHa,
"Po'vpi-eCnf delavec v Ameriki pro
ducira vsako leto $1280 bogastva. Od
te svote dobi delavec le $437, Ostalih
$843 gre'V'zepe kapitalistov, izkoriSCe-
valcev dolavstva.
Tridesot let 2e kupifiimo bogastvo v
roke ljudi, kteri ne delajo. Kazmere,
ki jih ustvarjajo nedelavni bogatagi v
vsakem mestu cele ropubl'.ke, so danes
?.e take, da morajo pretresti vsajto-
gar, kdor kolickaj premiSlja. Siroji,
namesto, da. bi osvobajali doiavca, za-
drgnili so mu lanec industrielne suZ-
nostl okrog vratu. Sadove novih iz-
najdeb u?.ivajo le nckterniki." Nek-
daj mogoGni srcdnjl stan izginja z vsa-
kim dnovom.
Ob znlonu, 19, stoletja jo Amerika
Cnstila bogastvo Povzdigovala je bog-
alafio, a priCela so jo oblajatl nnprnm
multlmlllonnriem, V potlh letih sc je
Amoiikn naucila mrzlli velobogastvo.
Javno mnciije so' poCasi'spromlnja.
1 No moremo se vefi slejiiti z obrabl-
jeno snmohvnlo, da so nasi dclavcl na
colem svetu nnJboljSo pla'Cani. * Ta
la?, jo i.o proveC jirozorna. Dobre
.verno, da ,kar dnmo delnvcem v mci*/
dab, vzamomo jlm s]iot nnzaj potom
podrnSionlh potrobfiCin: ?.Ive?.a, obloko
'/.dravll ln stotorlh drugih,st'viirl — vso
7, nanionom; pristIsnltl dolavco k
tlom.
Ml, ktorl vlndnmo in pobirnmo profit od dein drugih ljudi, prcdobro vomo
co dames, da cas prlhnja, ko bo .troba
dntl prnvICnl obrnCun,
Tnko pravi mlllonar Mnrtln. PnS
mnlo jo knpltallstov — nil pa So nobc-
nega do dnnes -~- da bl prlftll s tako
hrldlto rosnlco 11a dan',' Da bi saml
sobo tnko ohloi.ll! v jnvnosti! ".nnmon-
jo Pnsa! Ostali Kapitalisti ga Honiara
proglnsljo — norcom, Svobodno jlm,
Kar jo jiovcdal Martin, puvednll umo
Sonlnllstl nofttotolirnl, Mnrtln Jo lo
potrdll to kar pravlmo ml in h tern
jo postavll na Inii vos knpItallHto, kl
trdijo driignfo.
Iz liovednnoga pn Izvnjnmo fto nekiij:
Kndar se bodo vsi delavci zavednll toga
iesar.ee znveda tn mlllonar, njlli oa-
vobodltev ne bo ve-5 dalc6.—-IVolot«rec
Passage   by   Steamboat
New York to Albany.,
In August, lSOS—tho exact day is a
matte1* tf dispute—the steamboat Cler-
aiout iiiad" the first passage by steam
from Xew York to Albany. Tbo dis-
iance, some.wbat less thau 150 miles,
was covered in thirty-two hours, a
record hailed as a triumph in speed,
Cor previously the passage between
the two cities averaged four days.
Itobert Fulton had experimented
tvith steam several years, but the Clermont was tlie first boat he constructed-
Dii a large scale.' As he could not get
tlie engine he wanted in this country,
lie ordered one from England., The
Clermont' was so reconstructed in the
following winter that it gave more
jommodious accommodations to trnv-
iilers, and the year 1S0S, which was
-tho-~first—yeai1—of—-regulai-^travel-'by-
Bteiimboat, Fulton made it a point to
start, Iiis boat precisely on 'scheduled
time. Curiously enough, a portion of
the public complained of this. It was
not until well along in the summer
that travelers got accustomed. to it.
Previously boats- had been held for
two hours at the request of passengers who' weren't ready. Fulton's per-
severance won public approval before
the season closed.—Anaconda Standard.
New Yerk Belles Wear Beauty Spots
Revived From Marie Antoinette's
Day — Semi-empire-directoire Modes
Reign Supreme at tlie Garden.
.'My Dear lilsa—So. you thought the
horse show wasn't worth coming on
for this year? ■ Dick wrote you there'd
be another "social frost," did lie?
Well, tliere were many such ' Ilicli-
iiionds In tlie lield .with like dolorous
prognostications, but 1 counted upon
your sporting blood making, you risk
a,IigU-"iiig chance. As usual, all signs
failed, for Society, spelled "willi a big
S, took tlu- bit in its mouth and bolted
for Madison Square, Garden in line
form. Horsy? Yes, dear, but then
you know I've been inhaling embark,
dreaming hackneys, cobs, roadsters
and Junipers for live blissful days, and
they've got on my vocabulary. But
it was great to sec the old enthusiasm
displayed once more, not only In the
ring, but nmong the crowds around the
oval, in the boxes and the seats. One
met during, the week at the show
every one one'knew and a few hundreds one didn't. Now. Calamity
Jane's a character I loath to personate,
but. my dear, there are rumors that
the last bugle has been blown for. entries in the riug—the old Garden's for
sale—and the swan song of tlio na-
tioiial horse show in-its. present quarters sung. - Aren't, you sorry you missed the music? '"
The decorations were charming this
year, American flags draped the walls
near the ceiling, and below these patriotic emblems we're festoons of white
cloth caught up with rosettes of bunting pink alternating with branches of
autumn leaves. I never liked.tlie old
trimmings of yellow and bliic-k, (7.(1
you? They made me feel like a'spectator' at a Princeton football game
with tbe gridiron and the yells left
out. And, speaking of lifting'up ones
voice, there wns deafening applause
when Mrs! Watson Thursday afternoon drove her celebrated team, Lady
fialtlmore and Maryland, in tlie mail
phaeton class to victory nud another
blue ribbon. The band played "Dixie"
and "Maryland, My Maryland." and as
this, you know, is my native state tho
compliment seemed parlly mine.    -
I w-is -vouviueed that things were
ns they should be. for my spine shivered, and tills is .1 psychological fact
that one*.1, artistic temperament is all
right. If you don't get the shivers
when you listen to. beautiful or inspiring music or read a lovely poem
or look at a superb painting or a
superb equine specimen the gates of
art are closed to you forever.  .	
lutin'y of the gowns were elaborate creations, few of them could be.called
beautiful.' Still, all represented an enormous lot of money.
There   were  grotesque  attempts  of
the, picturesque and classic gowu to
be seen, aud wben seen one was filled
With the Pharisaical sentiment, "Thank
God.  I am uot one of them!" and a
feeling   of   gratitude   for   directoire
styles and  the  biggest of  hats stole
over oue.   And that is saying a wholo
lot for the hats.   Despite the "latest information from over the water" pre-
/ dieting the* small chapeau,  one saw
nothing of this chic thing at the Garden last week.   Hats so huge were the
rule1 Unit tbey sat all over the bead
and nestled confidingly on tbe shoulders   of   tlie   wearers.   . The * Uussiau
turban   was ' vi>ry   much  iu  evidence,
-and Mrs. I.eggie Vanderbilt one afternoon-appeared iu a Persian lamb turban  so large  that  it almost bid   iier
piquant face.    These Du Maurier hat
effects, shadowing the face as tliey do,
are really grewsome affairs.   That day
she wore a directoire coat of tlie same
dark   fur   over   a   white   broadcloth
frock, one of the few light costumes
seen in the boxes.    Hut the funniest
things of all   were  the  beauty  spots
some of tlie women were wearing, on
their faces.   These spots have como in
with   the other  French  fashions and
nre, as you know, revived from Marie
Antoinette's time.    The twentieth century girls call them thc "telegraphy of
HUMAN   LIVES   PAY   FOR
YOUR TONS OF COAL
Cleared His Doubts.
A well* known English gentleman
engaged a tall .and .powerful hlgh-
lander to act ns gamekeeper on his estato, Having been a considerable time
tit his post and not having caught
any poachers, the gentleman suspected his gamekeeper of carelessness.
So ono dark night ho disguised himself aud went out Willi a gun to poach
du his own ground, Ilo had fired only
ono or two shots when ho was suddenly pounced upon from behind and
his sun wrenched away, Then kicks
mid'blows wero showered upon hlm
until ho foil down hnlf Insensible.
The lilglilnnder then walked away
quietly, nnd when the gentleman recovered sufllclontly he crawled homo
riiid took to hlsVhod for two weeks,
Ilo hns now no doubts ns to* whether
tho man cnn perform hia duty or not.
Did    I   get   tbe   shivers   over  ,the
clothes,.you ask? .
I did, my dear; 1 did. Indeed, I
might enlarge upon the statement aiid
say 1 got a shock when gazing at a
stunning creature artistically holding
iip her trailing sheath skirt and displaying (hereby ii sheath stocking.
Xo, It's not a joke. , Sheath hosiery's
the latest from Paris, and this girl was
a pioneer, 1 have ton mod since that,
these unique foot coverings are slit
up In. front as well as nt, the side.
Tlie open space is two Inches wide at
the top nnd graduated to 11 quarter of
nn.Inch nt the foot, laced with ti hnlf
Inch blnclc ribbon. This ribbon' is
finished with n large llm bow at the
top.  Shocking, positively shocking, oh?
Should you asl'; me to miike if sum-
mnry of thc dresy situation at the
show 1 would s!iy--le,'i(Ilug color, dull
amethyst: fur, white fox; (lower, gar
Terrible Slaughter of Miners in Five
Inspection   Districts
SCRANTON, Pa.~j.u producing 61.-
900,776 .tons of coal in five anthracite*-
inspection districts-having headquarters in Lackawanna county, 51? lives
were' lost in.'three years.        ■*    '*
The  record  of  lives   lost  in  three
i*
years    of coal mining is one-third of
the total number of lives lost in the*
eight years' .war of .the Revolutionary
army in the fight for the liberation of
tbe American colonies.
Reports of inspectors of the First,
Second, Fourth and Fifth districts
previously showed, an . increase in
deaths over last year. The roport of
the Third district shows a greater
falling off than has been true of any
district in recent years.
Total fatal accidents in all districts
in Ifl 10 were 172, as compared with
144 in l_l09,"and'19G in 190S. when the
high mark in accidents' was reached
in the anthracite district. The tonnage in,1908 exceeded the tonnage of
1909, but a comparison reveals that
while tlie tonnage in 1910 exceeded
that of 1909, the 1910 production does
not reach the figure attained in 190S.
No figures as to the number of fatal
accidents, outside of the,mines aro
given in the published report of the
bureau of mines. During the eleven
year's from 1900 to 1910, .inclusive,
there were 1.29S men killed inside tho
mines.* *'
¥l I
LA  PIU  GRANDE 8COVERTA
DELLA'ERA
Una Fotogrnfla dl to dl tno nmlco 0
puro dolln tun Inunmoratn sopr.i In
eovoi'llnu dol (piimclnle. una -.-oia nu-
ovn ronl 1st a come 0 nrUstlcu.
Sono rlehlestl ngont! Masch! 0 Feminine, ' Per lnformnzlonl 0 cnmplonl
grnlIs rlvolgolovl dnl
IDEAL NOVELTY CO.
P. O, Uox 55, Fornio,' ll.O.
VfcLiW VINALE2 TICHTO CA80V
Photogrnf na stnhlnvku snbn, prJnleln,
alio mlllonky, Ndovo novlo, krasne. a
podobno mnJBtoiMklo.
Dobrloho Klvleho ngont 11 potrobno
ehot ktorleho pohlavln. Pre rolto vin.
vc-nci.i.'i a poiiknskn sdnrmn lilnslt nn
trobn,
IDEAL NOVELTY CO.,
P. O, Rox CIS, Fornio, U. C.
Home, Sweet Horn*?.
Thc old mini stit on tho park scut,
rivers of tears Hooding bis cluthes, A
sympathetic pnsserby, noting the hl(J.U
tide, stopped nud iiHlicd If he wore III.
„ "Vos, sir," snld lho sorrowing old
follow, "I'vo Jest 'nil bud news from
•onic, The 'ou.so that 'n« (-hollered me
for,veil I'N Is 10 be lorn down, und I
■nvpn't 11 penny to my nnmo to stop It.
Kverybndy will be turned out, nnd
goodiioKH knows wluit'll 'ilppuu to'em!"
"Poor nonl!" snld tho sympathetic
passerby, bcstowlnc a penny on tlio
snd old iiiiui.. "That Isn't much, but
yon nre welcome |u It. And where ls
this'old hoiiiu of,■.■cur*, my friend V""
"Up at the .loll. Mr." replied I lie old
mini, "It hpciiik very Itiird. I've lived
(here live niul tweiuy .V(*iirs."--Londoii
Opinion,
Ho-v to Make n Cup of Cocoa.
Take 11 tubli'i-pociiful of cocon nml
put It In n tin cup. Add one tcaspuoti-
fill of grniitiliiicd sugar und one table-
spoonful of boiling water.,, Mix well,
so that I here will not bo uny lumps of
coc-on, Pour a HIIU.. less thnn one-
half pint of mill* Inlo a Hiiueopitn mid
cook It, stirring nil tlio time, until
It Is rtcii]ili.il--ilmt In, until a film
.'•.,.,,.*. ./ii .. miu ,1 (..-..tin. (u bubl'li' tl
this and 000k utiill It bolls «P.-D>" ; (1,(,1( ,,,,. lllirM
A .STUDY  IS*  UCTTOXS.
the face," and they are placed to.emphasise a good point—mouth, forehead,
dimple or wliat you are fortunate
-oiiou*?i"i-to~iTOfees3""i"]TTire_way~orTaHar
loveliness!   '
Vou know. Mrs. Van S. always goes
a style one better. She has a mole on
her face that lias always been, the
pride of her, life, so when the patch
became the thing this lady simply enlarged upon ber mole and left the
court plaster.'or velvet beauty spot, severely alone.
, Snturdny nfter the show our "bunch"
were having tea at Sherry's, with Mrs.
Van S. ns chaperon. While sitting at
table a drop of water from some flowers tliat were bunded to lier fell'upon
lier cheek. She took out hor handkerchief * and daintily wiped the spot.
Hut, alas, • forgetting the enlarged
mole, she wiped It off, loo, nnd gave
away the secret of Ils origin, A few
minutes Inter she excused herself nnd
returned with the mole once more In
Its original shape and size—-that Is to
sny, the original size it had boon painted. Moral—Slick to the oh! tlmo method.   Uvor most sincerely yours,
MAHI3L.
New i'or It,
TRADES AND, LABOR COUNCIL
Will   Invoke   Combines   Investigation
Act—Want Royal Commission
_VANCOUVER. — The.' Vancouver
Trades and Labor Council propose to
invoke the federal Combines Investigation Acl to the end of ascertaining
why soft coal is selling in Vancouver at ,$7.r.O a ton,"In a province that
has tlio largest coal measures on the
continent and also conditions under
which the miners work. By signing
tlie application and going before a
judge it was explained it was possible
lo have a royal 'commission appointed
without cost*to the applicants.,
A resolution was passed condemning militarism, it concluded tliat the
council regards men who join the
militia or employ members of the',
militia as dangerous to the working
class, and the militia as a useless drain
of public funds.
__________:_e__e-_s_,can_be--
found   in  such   a  display  of *
eats
.We have the best-money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry',, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon',' Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 56
>OK__>^Sa_6_____«j|r<___jy
llrientur.
CHARITY
Two beautifully dressed women got
Into the rnr nt r-fiili Nti-rct nnd ontorod
Into a dlnt'iiK-don of their household
enrtm nnd worries (nci-ionlliiB to Life).
Flnnlly, when the subject of jellies waa
reached, ono said to tlto other: "Yen,
wo tried sorno crab apples this yenr,
bull lho fluff wouldn't Jell, and we
lind to *Th'f* If tn tho. J-JaInition Al'tuy."
Duointiilikt.
The   Ili'liivcd   One--You   object   (»>
[tuiavv   .n-i.ittw   Iir**   i'lil  lHUhlUI'MHllkC.
Stem Parent-Cortnlnly; ho's only afl-
er you for your money. Ilelovcd Onu
—Well, pu, (loown't that prove Iic'h
LuKliKssliU. *.—KiliiHiia City Independent,
Tin: Kiirvwi sh^kimi,
dciiln, IJiiNiiilsi'iictiiry'. Well, 10 bo
inure explicit Hu* piwiirt I'or llu- iiiuhi
pan were lu dark ,*nli .-.< both In the
iificriioon nnd .'v-'iiliijs. (if cuiirHc you
know Hint in lhe uinriiliig nothing but
Ihe Hii'leily inllnied t-lnili suit In over
pcriniHMIiif Ilut tin' ilnrli froi'I,-:. had
imthlttg or {,'Ioiuii nbiiiit tliem, for llinn-
bi'i'lew- rows of btilliiiiH eiiiliriildercil.
Jeweled und bed!.ciii'd In viirl'iis wny*
gave 11 fi-Hllvi* loui-li Mul those hiiiim1
buttol'iH conirlbtiti'd n comedy part
i", •.."".". "'■■■■;' !*. :.*.■*!..,;.!-. ....-,__„„•...
worn by wonum with rl.'lit moi.title
wrong, Ych. In,
hlmw proved eonclu*
flv-ly t<> .uy mli'd tliat tlie,, kciiiI-
iMiipIre dlri'iiolrc period hns "arrived."
IllplcsH contH ntul gowns were nuiner-
.,..,  1,...   ;_..   ,,.,..,.,*.*. 1..V1V,   HIiu,   hlUlOUJJII
Cliai'treuan of Chicken.
Chop enough chicken to'iill n cup
twice, add half a cup of lonn limn,
chopped, and hall' 11 cup of bread-
(riiiiibs taken from the center of a
stnlo lonf, a liible.spooiiful of chopped
parsley, Juice of hnlf a lemon, two tu*
blospooiifulH of eiipci'N and 11 cucumber pickle, chopped line, salt and paprika to Insio, two eggs, benten until
well iul.\(-(l, nnd about "a cup of well
.leiiHoiieil mid llavot'ed soup stock,
Wlion well inlNeii press the mixture
Into 11 well liiitteivil melon mold, lenv-
Ing nn open spare al the lop, ns the
mixture will i'l.*-<> 111 ciml-Ing.
Cooli nearly one Ih-iii. Hettlng In a
pan of hot wilier lu the oven or Ktenui*
Ing In a keltic. When done 1 nrn I'roin the
mold niul *-'iirnniM(i with hot sirlm,'
benriH or pc.-i-i, cooked nnd dressed with
(■■alt, popper iiimI butter, Tu serve cold
cut In thin slice.*-.,
Why the Kett|. Sings.
pit ymi know why n kutlh. "sings"
when the Wilier l,s hulling'.
It's like Hil**. When the water tie-
glim to get hut little IiiiIiIiIch fttriu ut
the bottom nf the i.eiile and iImc toward ihe lop utiill they burst,
At'lll-m Ihey hurm "lily n little wny
from the liutiom, but ns ihe water
gets hotter 11 nil butler lliey rim* higher
ntul higher.
Al Inst, when the wnli-r Is boiling,
lluy burst right on the t-iiiiTiu-o• Iniu- |
tlri-(ln of thein one right nfter another I
-niul It l« thi* liolse (.if, their coiillnn-1
oils burutliiL' which mnltim tlie enunii •
we call "singing." '
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER AVENUE
BRANCH   AT   HOSMER,   B.c:
-a»«D«»€»«>«>«»«»*fp-a>o«»fl»
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
I
Not a Mat***** of CHanct,
The Vlcnr-is It iruo, Samuel, that
your futbi'i- mii.ih-1 rntnt,* nt chance tu
be played In yonr bouse? Tbe iloy—
There alii'i no ilmnce about It, «ur;
they fill (bents'!-I^ndon Opinion.
Gutter  Scotch,
Mnll iniii'Dwr two tiilil<",|v>otifuI» of
Hiiunr,   three   iiibieNpoonfulH   of   mo-
Iiihhck nml one of wnter nnd two of [
butter.    Pour In n tiiiiien*.' .,'!'.■»; **..-*
aet awny to cool. i
Boitied Goods a Specialty j
XBnOMBM
60  VHAItO'
f\ir*fr.,r-,.A.^
,*mt*i   **.**,tm,\IA*m
NOTICE
CITY OF FERNIE
llwtf, Ii moro (alor. h In Hilt wrllmi ol lhe mrniirr ',
than till hllii. i!l**.i* * nut ...mln-r, ami until th,. h*t •
Ifur yr.ru w*i» mpix,*. *,l in |n |iir.i_r__|,.>    |*.,r n un nt ',
nuny yi-jM iKim-ihi pninouiiivii it » |(„;,| iiir_-uh. m.j
firr«*-riln-tl Hx\-.l r_>-r.|..*«. am. \,y fi.i,.M»iiy mmm!
l-v run> with lnr-A Ui-amiMit, DMummml 11 H niriUr. i ,„„„,;:,'    "' '" "*'
«" " I" *>-.■■*.'■'" ' .Hr.i. w v* A , .,,„.„„ „, ,.„*.   MfKr-niintn   OH   I-JI( Hit
fil-*      -l.,\    iiu'Tt'tstra    ttttttxit.-m.    __...•   _.»!*_..!.  ,   ..I     ... _,      i 11
NOTICK Is hereby R|v«..n thnt NO:
 ;•;.*-■, ,.'."»»i i.i,,i,i„.i.,,.-| • •■Kco'intn  mi   I-.biuii   l.luht   win   |H.',
«■♦__'. anil Utrtrltm tttiulr,* r._..«.tttuil<.r>n| iftatnunl    nllnwiwl  ,._.!„,_.  . .   . . i
Hiira Citarrh Ciltr, manutarluml l,y  " j.' hZf    . ' ,ln»C1"1 pn)'IIM*nt Is rcoolvwl Dt !
ACi   -I.itn.li.   OMo. (titic mily «Va„i„„i„- . , „.„ ,.„ ' Dili   nftlf-0  on   or  lie'i...   I   iiVIiu-L   iv,
Uiem.r.n     ll i. i.,Mti Inieraallv In ,\n*.. fr„,. nil ,„,   „,,   «,,./'   '";■     "   '  u-*■»"■--*  »"». ■
on tbo 2r.lb of (.'.-iih mo*.!., ;
Under no rlrdimMund'H will    th|«!
Where   there   In   much   pr«t«n«loo
niiKh bus been Ix-.rruwod; nafare never'
( l>»ileudn..—Lavaltr.
r
Ur muni     ll n iiitnt iniertitliy in ,____.« u.m nil
ilr..;n in i ii'*._i,ft.i*i!i_i.   /t nn, ,ti,tt.ln „, ,|,„ |i;,»,j *
vi,l miiro*ia .itt.rrt of lh* lyttrrr,.    i,„^ ,n.t u,,,
t.*i*,.l'.*1 li'hMht .'it e»»e ll f.u. ,„ ,„,..    ,,„tf
(s.r i ',  -*r> :.' i, imeihie t_||,
AM..., _• .1  rilCNKV * IY1, To',-1.,. ../.In
h ,111,   1>- ••■- «f«  ,  e
Tike It ,l.i 1 »lr,:ly I'.JH forer,-_,,;„,.,,.,
ADVERTISE IN THE "LEDGER."
' Tnaoe M*i»ks
OcBiatm
-,*!l*V,. ]?.'S.W* • rtrtrtl •'"l-t-^MhnxSlr
«uli'klr ueenatn rmrnrir,tnr, fm*»*a,ririhe"J,i
inemi..ii n |.ri..i»_,ijrriM«-.M«M«, C-nmaiutilrti.
I K.i.a .1, lutir r..r.DUi.M f*U..MI_BHWi« f*!^
A. \V. V,.\\'.\ I.AV,
City Clerk j
<a«e. bi' tu vvuhiiiui"»'. PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGEE, FERNIE, B. C, MAROH 11, 1911.
AROUND TOWN
***k*kkkkkkk*k*k*kkkk*kkk*'
Are you ori the voters list? If not
why not?
- No time like the present to get on
tbe voter's list.     Do it now!
,,  If you are entitled to vote make
yourself eligible.     Get your name on
the list.
See the G. N.'s advertisement on
page 5 regarding rate to London for
the Coronation. ;   .    .
, Mrs. E. C. Spalding will receive on
the, 3rd,, Wednesday, instead of the
4th as previously announced.
We learn on good authority'that
J. R. Lawry has tendered his resignation as Chairman of the Board of
Trade.      '■        ■   '
There will be an entertainment and
dance on St. Patrick's evening, March
17th, at Bruce's Hall, at 8 p.m. Tickets on sale at Bleasdell's Drug Store.
Hosmer will celebrate St. Patrick's
Day by a concert to be hold in the
Opera House. Dance will follow. Tickets,' 50c Splendid program arrang
ed.
A musical treat, both vocal and instrumental Is In store for all who attend  St.  Patrick's  dance at  Bruce's
Hall/March*nth.     Fernie Orchestra
In attendance all evening.     Tickets
at Bleasdell's.
' Mine host Gates has made some interior   improvements * in   the   dining-
■>  room of the King Edward.   .-A beautiful shade of green gives silent trl-
" bute to a. Scotchman who is Ireland's
patron saint.   St. Patrick Is believed
by learned theologians'to have'first
seen the light, of day in Dumbarton.
St. Patrick banished tne snakes and
reptiles from Ireland. He will help
you banish your* troubles and sorrows
if you attend the entertainment at
Bruce's Hall on March 17th. _o_t
forget. The Fernie Orchestra will
be in attendance., Tickets oh sale at
Bleasdell's Drug Store.  '
jj Letters To       |
■j       The Editor I
* "       7    •  **•*■
iff*¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥. ¥¥¥¥•»¥■»-¥»*
The editor is   not   responsible for
articles that arevsent in,
FUNERAL  OF  B;-"A.  WILKINSON-
COMBINING FORCES
I. O. O. F.
The local members of the three link
fraternity'are making preparations for
an "At Home" on the 23rd, when there
will be entertainment provided for
which this body has already earned a
second to none reputation.
We shall have further particulars of
.this coming event'in our next issue,
in the meantime all Oddfellows whether resident or visiting, are advised not
to forget the date,' March 23. u
. BAPTIST CHURCH   DEBATES
The present method of administering municipal affairs is doomed to be
short' lived if the opinions  of those
who voted on the' subject at the debate on Tuesday be an indication. The
vote was overwhelmingly in favor, of
the commission form of government,
because    of    its increased efficiency
with corresponding economy. ' ■
*   There is some talk' of challenging
other bodies to a joint debate .and if
put into practice' will no doubt be a
_source*o£.pleasu'r.e.and«ediication_o_all,
concerned.     The affirmative.-.was--es=
poused on Tuesday. byr A. • J. ^ Buckley
and C. Morris'; and. the negative by
W. G. Bruce and D.' McKenzie.   The
affirmatives certainly :  made' a very
good show, and were ably lead by A.
J. Buckley.
WHAT WA3 IT ?
The citizens of Fernie who happened
to bo on the streets oh Sunday night;
are puzzled to know whence came.the
illuminated body that floating oyer
the city from a northerly direction
slowly wended Its way across the horizon, disappearing townrds Hosmer,
where It was likewise seen continuing
its journoy, * Somo think It was an
aeroplane othors a hot air balloon and
aro wondering If somo of our local
aviators aro experimenting somewhere
under cover anf tho announcement will
shortly be mndo of some marvellous
flights (not of Imagination) successfully accomplished. *.'
Frank, Alta, Mar. 8,1911
To the Editor of Tbe District Ledger:
Dear Sir,—In the last week's issue
of  the Frank vindicator there  is  a
write-up of the Canadian  Coal  Con-
solidated's property, and although stating that the policy is one of economy
but not to the extent of neglecting the
men's comfort, and gives a glowing
description of the    conveniences  (!)
of the wash houses.     I also read in
the Lethbridge Herald  another effu-
and doubtless from an Inspired source,
too, that charges President Powell of
District    18    with misrepresentation
when dealing with the conditions of
the camps in Alberta.     This versatile
hack talks about clean,  comfortable
conditions, concrete floors, steam heat,
shower baths, hot and cold water, and
cleanliness all around must have been
a victim of a pipe dream as I can assure you that as ono on the spot what
Is the actual state of affairs at this
place anyway.     I. make these statements* nbout what exists here at the
Frank Mines and defy anybody to disprove them.   Now, for me description.
To begin with, wo have a wooden wash
house at the old mine, about 80 feet
long by 20 feet wide, with a wooden
floor saturated all the  time and  to
heat this  floor  space,, there  is  one
stove; imagine, if you can, with the
low temperature we uave bad and the
wet state of the floor wTiat is   the  likelihood of wanning tho .building and at
the same time drying the clothes in
the wooden lockers.     Previous to*the
lay-off in February it had steam heat,
but at best it was-never more   than
half heated, and I have seen    men
thawing out • their clothes and shoes
in' the morning standing before the
.stove before they could put them on
to go to* work.     Now, to come back
to the present time.   Since the lay-off
in this comfortable (?) washing dump
we have had no; hot water:     Fancy
how comfortable it must be to wash in
cold watei* oh cold mornings or    at
midnight when" coming off shift.     In
one of these wash' houses there are
about  eighty lockers  ror which  the
company has been receiving one dollar
each per month, and they are so economic thai they do'not employ a man
to look after them properly, but probably on the score of economy this work
is detailed upon the tamp man, which
he does attend to when not. too busy
with* his other,work.' .
So.far as President Powell's remarks
are concerned* in.so far as-Frank,-at
least,.. Is concerned', they are not in
•the .slightest" degree over-stated, and
as the old saying that "Hanging is not
unpleasant when:you get-used'to it," so
*t~ls=wlthFthe*r stench";—when-^one^be""-
comes accustomed to it.*
■I*,,have, worked lh many different
camps in my time but I want', to say
right here and now that these wash
houses in their present condlton are
about tlie toughest proposition I ever
got up against. It Is a* great wonder
that thoy do not breed disease, as they
are filthy, unsanitary, poverty- stricken holes which ought not to be allowed in a community which claims to
bo civilized; I hope that some of
the other camps will be heard from
as well, because thoso on tho spot can
describe them better than an outsider
who gets his Information from other
sources.* ..
Excuse me for trespassing upon your
space, but I • do not think that wo
should let the Blnirmoro'correspondent's statements go unchallenged, so
accept tlie thanks of ono who knows
what ho is talking about,
A MINER.
On Sunday last" the members'* of the
Imperial Veterans''Association, numbering "about thirty,- also' members of
the City Fire Department and other
friends of the deceased, foregathered
at the undertaking.parlors of Thomson and. Morrison. , With the coffin
draped with the Union Jack, and the
band of the Salvation Army playing
"The Dead March in. Saul" the funeral cortege 'proceeded, to .Christ
Church (Anglican) .where the Rev.
Walton delivered the impressive ritual
of the church for the Burial of Pead;
This concluded the solemn procession
wended its way to the cemetery and
the religious ceremonies at the grave
side performed "Last Post" was sounded by Bugler
Successful, kfforts by .Federation of
.Trade  Unions
SOCIALISM   IN   JAPAN
Execution of Socialists Recently Leads
Prominent Men to make Scathing At-
tacks on the Government.
VICTORIA.—As an aftermath of
the Kotuku affair several sensations
have resulted In Japan according to
advices received by the Empress of
India. Following the speech' mado
by the celebrated novelist, Tokutoral
Kenjiro, brother of the editor of the
Kokumln Shimbun, at Tokyo high
school, In which the Japanese Tolsto-
Ian condemned the government for
executions, Dr. Mlyake, a noted historian and journalist, for many years editor of the Nippon, caused an uproar
three days later when he made a scathing attack on the government's attitude toward Socialists, and condemned the executions.
At a meeting under the auspices of
the University of National Literature,
attended , by a thousand, * including
many prominent, military and* diplomatic officials, with. Baron Shibusawa,
Baron Sakatant, "ex-minister of finance,
and others, Mr. Miyake said tjiat in
suppressing the defence of Kotuku and
assistants and In the policy toward
Socialism the authorities drove men
to' anarchism. Rascals stood beside
the Emperor and enjoyed cordial treatment," and. the conspirators who were
executed resented this. >He quoted
letters left by Kotuku stating that
counsel for prosecution had made pitfalls for him.    -" '   '  '    '
. Uproar'followed during which some
members of.the parliament tried .'.to
make themselves,.heard, and Barons
Shibusawa, Sakatanl, and others - hu'r-
riedl^.'left^the building. A member
of the Diet,,Arkaw'a Goro, tried to
speak^condemning Mr., Miyake, but the
audience" shouted, him down*, wtih
cheers for Dr. Miyake..   ".
.The.,*authorities-*ordered the press
not,.lo. publish the • speeches of Toku-
tomi:or.,Miyake,', .    .....
. For a long time we'have been pointing out that separate Unions have covered the same trade and on the principle' of the old adage that unity is
strength, we have ■ impressed upon
Trade Unionists the necessity of combination We are consequently pleased to record the fact that the General
Federation of Trade Unions, has'been
successful In their attempts in this
direction.* The Management Committee, in their quarterly report, only
just to-hand, state that quite recently
the thirteen *■ Unions catering for. gold
and silver workers, iri- tlie Sheffield
district have formed one amalgamation.- -' Thoy had.many difficulties to
contend* with; some were""personal,
some related to ' business, and some
related to contributions, but all these
obstacles have-been overcome. Attempts are mow being made to bring
the braid weavers of Leek and Con-
gleton Into more direct touch, and the
efforts to amalgamate the Unions ln
the ironfounding industry have been
magnificently responded to. Six out
of the seven societies interestedvoted
in favor of amalgamating, the six societies representing 33,500 as against
1,000.... The committee has put itself
into communication with the Trades
Councils in the country, with the idea
of discussing the principles of federation. It may. be mentioned that in connection with "the efforts to .federate
the unions in the iron founding industry, which comprises the Ironfounders'
Society, the Associated Ironmoulders'
of Scotland, tbe Amalgamated Moulders' Union, the Welsh Ironfounders'
Union, the Stove Grate, Workers, and
the Central Ironmoulders, that a meeting of representatives of these socle-
ties is to be held, on the 14th inst,
when lt Is hoped that the basfs of
amalgamation will be decided upon.
An.officlal'bf.the Federation of Trades
Unions states tliat .the amalgamation
is not under consideration In view of
any trade question, the point of Issue
being the greater efflcency of the various societies and the. lessening of expenditure.—Reynolds.
tal and labor the press volleys and
thunder's against labor and its unions
and leaders and all other things that
dare to- breathe against the sacred
rights of capital. In such a contest
labor is dumb, speechless; it has no
press that reaches the public, arid must
submit to the vilest, calumny, the most
outrageous misrepresentation. .•
_ The lesson has been taught in "all
the languages of labor and written in
the blood of its countless martyred
victims. ■-,■•' '    *    *
. Labor must have a press as formidable as the great movement of the
working class requires; to, worthily
represent * its dignity and fearlessly
and uncompromisingly advocate its
principles.
The expenses of supporting the labor press is but a trifle to the individual member—less' than the daily out-
ay for other trifles that are of no bene
fit, and can easily be dispensed with.
The labor press of to-day is improving steadily, and the time will come
when the Ideal labor press will be realized; when*the labor movement will
command editors,' writers, journalists,
artists of tlie first class; when hundreds of papers, Including' dailies-in
the large cities, will gather the news
and discuss it, from the labor standpoint; when illustrated magazines and
periodicals will Illuminate the literature
of labor and all will combine to realize
our ideal labor press and blaze the
way to victory .—Social Advance.
,K. P. DOING8
Tho mombors of Fornio Lodgo, 31
K. of P. havo decided to ubo ovory ondoavor, to mako a record breaker, A
good nttondnnco was ln ovidoneo dn
Tuosday night, and although thoro was
no floor work tho regular binjlnosfi
contained matters of vital Importance
and tho discussions resulting woro
greatly onjoyod,' It, Ib oxpoctod that
thoro will bo sovoral Initiations In tho
near futuro, and tho toam Is making
preparations accordingly, All visiting momborB of tlio ordor nro cordially Invited to attond. Tho meeting night Ih Tuesday In -Pythian Hnll.
PAUL-SINGER
COURTS   MOVE  TO   INVESTIGATE
TRUSTS WHICH  CONTROLS
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
It is Indisputable
that many a man'H only aasct
nftcr n flrn .tftq hoon nn Ininr.
ntif-P -..nlli-v," And mnny n mnn
lifitt been ml nod bccniiHo ho hnd
noKlnctod to protect hlniHolf
with
Fire Insurance
Don't run tho rink nf finding
younu'lf iu liiicli a prcillcunioiit.
Havo uh Insnro ynu to-day and
luiiin* jiiurnfK mio,
M. A. KASTNER
Imurnnce     Real Estate
To tho Editor of Tho District Ledger:
Doar Sir,—I should ostoera it a
favor If you will grant me a little
Bpaco In your valuable paper to mako
a few observations regarding tho two
young grls who are at present confined In tho City Jnll, and although'
tho accused lmvo all boon discharged,
yot hold with tho Jndgo thnt llio po-
Hco woro entirely Justified ln their
notions by having tho mnttor brought,
to light, Again, tho parents havo
boon blamed by Hiobo who do not know
tho wholo circumstances, and tlioy
wero IhomHolvefl anxious that tho polico Bhould bring tho quostion beforo
tho public too. Thoy tried ovory
moaiiB In tliolr power nnd knowlodgo,
but without flimrosfi, and im n cltl/on
I would nHk thnt, forbearance bo Bhown
by thoso bo roady to criticize
Sponklng an ono who knows that tho
polico simply did thoir duty that If
thono wlio wIbIi to mnko thin an ox-
ciibo for unjust crltlclHin for tliolr own
pikIb Hint, thoy mnko hn«to to go fllow*
ly. I bollovo Hint It Ih llio. duty of
overy citizen to uphold our city officials wlion thoy perform tliolr duty
faithfully, nnd Unit tlmy havo dono bo
In thin much talked of ciiho Ih tho opinion of mnny nmong whom In your
correspondent
QUA  PRO   NOWS
WORKERS AND MILITARISM
 ■ ,*)   7   ■' -v-*-*-*-*     .*<■■*•- „    ■
'We.*have "received an' advance copy
of a' labor manifesto against compulsory military training, whicn has been
prepared by the International Arbitration .League,- of which Mr, "Fred Mnddl-
son is the secretary. The manifesto
is signed ...by nearly 1000 lending labor
represeitatives, and Is.a striking pronouncement against Lord Robert's proposals. The manifesto says that the
agitation to Introduce conscription into
the country in the form of compulsory
training ls "backed by a larger array
of Influential men and women of the
rich classes, and lavishly supplied with
money, so wo think "It desirable to
warn the working classes of this well-
organized conspiracy against their liberties. We regard compulsion In any
form f.8 bad Home defonce docs not
need it. The extra cost Involved
would nmount to many mllllm-e a ye.r
thus adding a still heruM-.*-* wclrjht to
tho already crushing burden of armament, and It would bo a sorlous mon*
hco to Democratic progress.' The Government which" tried to abolish tho
voluntary system," says tho manifesto, "would have short shrift at tho
hands of Trado Unionists, Co-Opora>
torfl, and other organized workmen,
Holding those views strongly, wo urgo
upon all classes tho Importance of n
strenuous roslstnnco to tho demands
for compulsory training by Lord Ilo-
horts nnd tlio1 Nntlonnl Sorvlco Loaguo,
of whicli ho Is tho head. Wo are con
vlnccd Mint wo spook for tho vatit ma*
jority of wngo earners in thus offering
thono demnndH our determined opposition " Tho mnnlfofito Ib nlgnsd hy
fortytwo Lnbor momboi'fl of Parliament, by Trndo Union BocrotnrlOB,
TrndoH Council 'Secretaries, Co-Operative Union DIocrJorB, Co-Oporatlvo
Wholosnln directors, offlclnls of'Co-Op-
orntlvo Productlvo Societies, and Hocro-
tnilen of Friendly Snclotlox, It Ib
also mentioned that only Hioho holding lending officials positions hnve
limn Invited to filf.n tho mnnlfoBto, so
thnt tho Blgnntoi'loH do not Includo any
brunch  BocrotnrlOB,
Paul Singer, one of the famous So-
cialits. leader's 'in Germany, died last
week in Berlin, where he was born
in 1844 of' Jewish'parentage. . Iiv-1869
he a*qd his, brother started a' cloak
factory, which hei operated for seventeen years/".. Singer accumplatod
considerable, wealth,. and:' meanwhile
became.a'carefhl" student'1 of social
problems',' r.esultin'g in his joining the'
Socialist ...movement, largely because
of sentimental',and philanthropic reasons. However', when, Bismarck _ began his .policy J.of persecution, Singer
became a militant member, and used
his'funds libe'r'ally.'to fight the Iron
chancellor, 'and .was elected to par-
Ji&_.ent,in_&--workin^-class-dlstrict-of.
Berlin.,.. Becoming very popular with
the people, the1 ruling class feared
Singers grpwirfg Influence "and he
was expelled from Berlin and compelled to live,,_l_ Dresden for some
years. Later, .when the Bismarck coercion laws were,.repealed, Singer returned to Berlin and was re-elected
to, parliament','.'where he served constantly up to his death. Singer was
neither an orator of - the Bebel type
nor a philosopher like Kautsky. He
was more of an organizer and disciplinarian. It was he more than any
other man. who placed the Socialist
party In Berlin upon a' strong financial basis and*: developed that wia-r-
nlficlent organization which, In a few
hours can either place a leaflet Iu
every house In the city or create a
protest demonstration In tho nature
of a "pleasure" walk to the parks on
tho part of 150,000 persons.
Twenty years'ago tho passing of
Singer would have been a great loss
to tho Socialist movement ln Germany, and his death will bo severely
folt at presont for some tlmo, but tho
party Is now In such shapo that a
dozon, yes, hundreds, of able men aro
rendy to spring to the helm whon a
captain Is swept into eternity.
Tho body of tho famous Socialist
was laid to rest, according to cable
dispatches, by tho greatost concourse
of pooplo, that ever turnod out at a
privato funoral. 'More thnn 100,000
porsons' mnrchod bohind lho liearso
to the givive of Paul Singer, a real
patrIot.--Cltlzon,
OTTAWA.—The most sweeping
"victory" over a combination in restraint bf trade in the history of the
Dominion of.Canada was scored last
week when McKenzie' King, minister
of labor, ordered an investigation of
the'United Shoe Machinery Company,
a United States corporation.
The proceedings are taken under
the anti-combine act enacted by the
last parliament, and the big corporation and the committee of Canadian
shoe manufacturers who are fighting
it were each given a week to name
their commissioner?., These two will
select the third, and then' the public
hearing will take place.
"Under the law, if the commission
finds'the big. Boston concern a "combination in restraint of trade!" it must
recommend to the court what measures of relief the complainants shall
receive. This can go as far as taking
away* from* the company the benefits
it enjoys at .'present under its -patent
rights. ' ' ' •**
"The labor'1 commissioner's action
followed the receipt here of the 'text
of the decision of 'Judge' Cannon of
Quebec, hi which he upheld, all of the
allegations* against the corporation. In
his-report "Judge Cannon-scored the
combine, saying:
* "This company has kept control of
tlie market1 for shoe machinery'by. insisting on'leases": , Manufacturers * of
boots an'd; - shoes■■ are In consequence
bound to.abide -by. contracts containing
^eclal_restrjctli,e conditions and~are
unable, except', at the cost of complete
disorganization of tlieir factories and
at excessive'expense,1, to'purchase any
machines except, from .thlsi company.
They, thus liave topay'tlie'company's
own prices', which' nave'been "shown
to be excessive."' . ^   .
BARGAIN FOR CASH —Cottage
Piano, ?100., Purchaser wanted at once,
seller leaving town. * Apply, Ledger
Office: -    n ■  30-3 t.p.
DI08COPIC   LECTURE
"BOY   SCOUTS   OF   LABOR.''
On Wodnppdny night Herbert Booth
j delivered liln bloncoplc lecture In tho
! MothodlHt Church to a largo nnd on-
j thuHlafitlc gnthorlng,   who   woro   ro
* iilolnr.,*)   ii'lM.   (|.r>   iM.onlnl»'n   i**,».torlnIll
I mont that ho has boon prevailed upon
jto return ttatunlny for n repeal, when
;ndmlK.ilon will ho 25c. adults, nnd lCc,
[tor chlldron.
On Sundny lio wll! deliver tho morning sermon nt 11 a.m.    Rubjnct; "Tho
. n*. I,  .i . t.i   i   ... i .i    ,,   i, „   i _>
(   > ■ *.. i „,   ,...*.   .  . „   ,,, «,„.  ......   .,,,.,_,        »Vt.
I tcrnoon, i p.m., "the Olnnt who played
! the fool." Kvcnlng. 7.M. "The Plead-
| Ing Son.' Tho oven Ing hoivim will bo
_ preceded by 15 mlnuto hour sorvlco.
j DIED
;     Mwe'll  I..-—Inliinl   (.Villi,   of   Mr  nnd
• Mm. fiiiB ftcglmi.     Rnrleil on tho 4th.
7'.u.,**i    Mlilii'U,   O.M.I.,  ofttd'tUid,
j    Thin fnmlly In partbulnily unrortu-
' rii.ii- nn xhoy lmve two ben-avementu
; within a month.
!    M.nr«l» r..--Infant child of Mr. and
7_r«   Tony lk.Sf.in. hurlf-d on Sundny
SlftM.
Tho "Roy Scoutfi of Lnbor' aro receiving -a good deal of attention In
Lob AngoleM, In ordinary nomon-
claturo tho scouts nre mosHoiigor boys
on strike, and tliolr occupation now
Ih to compoto with the moHBongor
Borvlco monopoly nnd bronlc tho com*
blno If posHlblc, Originally 1.0 boys
worc-locked out for tho unpnrdonnblo
illlliO   ui   ioUuUii.   it   unluli   lot'   (dull
own    prottTHwi.     Trnmertlnlety    1T.0
non-union  lioyn    walked    out    wltb
thom, and nt once tho sccrotnry of
the union wns thrown Into jail for
daring to roquont othor boys   to re-
tune to smb.   Tlwn  tho 20 strikers
goi goon nnd sore, noeurod n moro
room chipped In nnd procured deflkn,
tables, chalrB, bicycles, etc., and en-
tnbllBbcd   a   rooporatlvo   moflscnger
norvlco.     The boys work eight-hour
BlilftR, dny and night, nnd nro building
up a good hiiRlncRH, while tho mennen-
..or monopoly U Im-ilng mnny a dollar
ihnt the hoyn formerly brought to the
kind ina-iti'**.*, aud i|ulu_ u:Uui*uUy thu
atucli ho* In (-.(-iicnllng and would like
lo hnvo nil tlif bnya drlve*i off th.***
8tri.c*.   Tliere aro p-jnt-1. In 1-on An* j f!uene-_*-_ and tho iira/pcea of thi*** pn."*-*-*
r«"!c* who aro wlllim; to wager tint  Ib a sure Index of thc progress of th"
th-ft HoftuU  will (Irlv.t the monopoly (movement.
ont nf t'iifclne«.t.
THE   IDEAL   LABOR   PRE8S
ny Eugene V. Doha
Tho lnbor movement Is tho child
of Hlnvory—tlio offspring of opproRBlon
—In revolt ngnlnBt tho mtflory and Buffering that gavo lt birth.
Its splendid growth Im tho marvel of
our tlmo, tho forerunner of froedom,
thc hopo of mankind.
Ton thousand tlmoR ban the labor
movement stumbled nnd fallen nnd
brulBcd Itself, nnd rlnon nRnln; beon
Hol/.ed by tho throat nnd choked and
clubbed into InBenfllblllty; enjoined by
courtH, HHHimltod by thugs, charged by
tho militia, Hhot down by regularB, traduced by the preflfl, frowned upon by
public opinion, deceived by politician*!,
threnletiod by prloAln, repudiated by
rcnagadoH, preyed upon by graftera, In*
foHtcd by splOB, dcflortcd by cowards
batrnyed by trators, bled liy IoocIich,
sold out by tho loaders, but, notwithstanding all tills, and all thono, It Ih
to-day the mont vital and potential
|.uiiul    I Oin   jiiulicl   .ihu    t<n    tttiutitt,
nnd tt'* Vitalnrlr -mtactaii of emiroelpivt-
Ing the workorR of thn world from tbo
thrnlldom of the nges is ns certain of
ultimate ronllzntlon iih the soUIng of
thn sun.
The inotit vital thing about UiIh
worm m-ovem-niit Ih *il»< ediicHnouh-i pio-
pnKnndn—Hb cmpnclty nnd power to
shed light lu tlio brain of tho working
clnss nrouce them from their torpor,
develop their fnciitttleR for thinking
teneb them Iheir economic rlnso In*
tcre«t«, o-ttooi tliolr solidarity, nnd lm*
bun tliem ttltVi tbe splrll of ibe Impending uncial revolution,
lu tli'.., piiipunuudu the life breath of
Dw inovemejit, the press. In paramount to nil other nircneleB nnd In-
WANTED —Experienced girl for
General Housework. Apply, Mrs. J,
R: Lawry, Victoria Avenuo.
FOR SALE_-"IIouso,• not plastered,
water inside, on half lot, 30 x 120,
and a Shack: cornor of McEvoy St,
nnd Mason'Avenue; cheap for cash,
Apply, Geo; Holmes, Box 81,,Ferule.
4t- p.
SITUATION WANTED—Competent
Stenographer (lady) desires position;
capable and experienced ■ corroBpon-
dont,   Box 30, Fornio. . *■
TO LET—Furnished Room; suitable for ono or two gentlemen or light
hoiiBokooplng, ■ Apply, Ledgor Offlco, •       • Mar 2G-I1.P.
WANTED—Two Boarders, respoc,
table working men; flvo mlnutos' from
M. F. and Mi Address, X, "Ledgor"
Offlco,     ■    ■ 20-lt
TO LET—Cottngo with water and
tollot lnsldo; centrally locatod; fl2;
rendy Maroh 1st. -
Alno FIvo-Roomod Cottage, Victoria
Ave. East, $10. Apply Walter Hun-
nablo, adjoining Mothodlst Church.
28-3t-np
FOR SALE—LOT oppoBlto Fornio
Annox School: iiIho sovornl other lots
In Annex, Low price; "onBy terms,
Apply lo L, P, Ecltutoln.
WANTBD-M.D., duly qualified to
prnctUo In Alborta. For particulars
wrlto to James Nolll, Secy,, Canmoro
Locnl Union 1387, Canmoro Alborta.
BASEMENT OF MINERS' HALL
to rent evory ovoning oxcopt Sunday
nnd Thursday. Sultnblo for concortfl,
smokers, dnnclng, locltircs, etc, For
terms, etc, npply to I), noon, Socrotnry, Gladstone Local, Fornio.
FOR   RENT—Heintzman    Pnrlors,
Minora' Block, either wholo or part of
1 ... -r-.if", ......
_>._/,■*..      .AJUII J,      __/.       i.Lllb,       1 .   C..    _.   I,
Fernie, IX. ft,
..LOST—Transfer Card No. 10, Book
No. I'jr.Cfl, Ifisuoi! from Frank Locnl on
Sept. 2Cth, 1010. Ruder plonno ro-
turn to Geo. Nicol, Secrotury, Frank
Uiifii, Hfe.iK, iM.-fl,
FOR HALE—Ono or two good driving
tonms; broken to Blugle or douhlo
hnrncBHj ngos from .1 to.7 yearn; sul*
tnblo for Ini«rgy or delivery rlgB.—S,
J. HARRISON, Wardner, n. C.      3t*p
FOR BALB-Lflt 1. niock 0, River*
iii*'.** Avenue, Weif Fern If!, nil cleared
aud trncad. Apply, J. libit]], West
Fernie. 28-3t
HOR   SALK—ThnroTigbhred   ?r*fter
Pup, Jir.; pedigree.    Apply, W. Jack*
When thi-re l« trouble between -rapt* non. P. O. Uox IS,
Crow's Nest Trading Co,
'.,.': -LIMITED
The Store of Good Values
Blue Eibbon Tea ..'..:. * * • *35c
Sunlight and Lifebuoy Soap, 6 bars. 25c.    ,
1-2.. lb. Tins Fry's Breakfast Cocoa 25c.
Toasted Corn Flakes, 3 packets  25c.
, Puffed Wheat, 3 packets : .25c, *
Fancy Navel Oranges, regular, SOc.Special 35c. doz. „
>.Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins . _ - - -.' -25c. .
YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED,, TO ATTEND
y'O UR ADVANCE SHOWING OF ;
■•ii •**.-.    ' i'f''"'■'•■ ■ ->    '
pM^yrr y\i.:,
Re-adpFo Wear
FRID^i.ANi); SATURDAY, MARCH io' and 11.
.;**•>.
V-'t'.'.-
*■*(_.*;'-' ■..■■■'■ii-;
, * il
,  il
F
A Square Deal to Every
Man who Buys Clothes
IT-REFORM wo» tlio first In Canada to offer "money
refunded if  satinfaction  be  not   given,1'
Fit-Reform also introduced the Price Label in the pocket
of every Suit and Overcoat as a guarantee of value to the
buyer.
Fit-Reform hns won the confidence of the buying public
because Fit-Reform has given more than was expected.
They know that if any purchase is
not just right, Fit-Reform will make
it right,   Your money is yours until
Vnii *rt> wrfcrilv «at.-*ft.*d.
* * •>
II 302
The Qrow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Agents in Fernie

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