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The District Ledger Jul 8, 1911

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B5y»__te»!
industrial. Unity, is Strength
t< ;. ,v.
*    _**    ■«'.-     '",   *,
.,,7 :-\%yThe.Official Organ of District No." 18. U.'M; W. of A.
'V '"■■fy ■:■■'--   ^ J'*-''   •■*.■   "   -"',7
■•■'.;-7.$i
Political Unity is Strength  *
I. ,:     :>voi. iv., No.,48. a
■;. '•SW,T*: c\£*:
.
TEffi'DISTRldT LEDGER; PERNIE, B. 0., JULY 8, 1911.
$1.00 A YEAR
,_
.*
l\ •'-
IS FRANK 7
SlNDANGER
, -■ _ ■ .*. .- .f . .- - , , v.' /j >*'-" 7,- •* -
In Dominion Geologist's
Report-Tirft'ftii. •:'
'-':'^in;.i..SM*S *-■■■'■:■
: "V
-./
If •-,
-r-'-s
11 ■ ,.
; Wehave this'week received from'the
\ Department qf Mines'at Ottawa a summary.-report of the Geological Survey
'.for'1910. and^on paga;13.- under "the
„caption of "Turtle/Mountain, .Prank,
j Alta;,'.'., w;e - note," ari .Item of interest
to our many readers throughout' the
. Pass, but more', especially so to those
' dwelllng..in, the vicinity, of .the" Big
.Slide which is reproduced .hereunder:;
; Turtle' Mountain, Frank,'-'Alta.' *;;
-, v- "Since the great landslide at Frank
ln "1903 the Survey-Tims ke_it "Turtle
'mountain  under .inspection, ,as  the
'.'northwest shouldej* overlooks thetown
iri a threatening manner."    Oni-O'ctober
.-U2, with Mr.;w. H. Boyd,'. again vlslt-
7 Od'Frank'.     In. thi $ examination we
*' we're  accompanied  by .Mr. 'John .P.
, Sterling, Provincial Inspector of-Mines,
and three representatives of the coal
company,",whose- property lies along
the .base of'the* mountain."--, *      ' .
-We found the, northwest shoulder
to be in, a more threatening condition
-than,it was ,last,y,ear. "Until last year
it exhibited, ho signs of movement nor,
apart from its'structure, oiLany-weak-
..ness., -Last year, however, two,small
cracks' "were detected,' but so "slight
that. their 'existence* might'} have been
- questioned-' This" year _hey,*were quite
marked." -The 'cracks,   between* " the
.^shoulder and the peak'also .how'de-
-7v.elopment. ;, In1 most cases the block
*- severed -by' a crack "is. not', large "jaa-
^ojigh_i_to_acanseidamage;*.but. as-,the
,-joint planes i1 aleihg .which'-*"the cracks
• sform dip towards the face'of the^cliff,
• only^ihos _,pear.,the, face can open,* the
. "-weight of'the inverted wedge' tendiiig
to keep the joint "closed. " Moreover,
-.the"surface is,covered*-wlt_',shingle;so
that biily. a gaping crack .make's Itself
*• visible, hence a dangerous break-.baclc
"from'tho face of.-the cliff.'along which
an enormous slide might' take place,
might *not bo detectable on the surface even at'the time a;-slide was
' about, to occur,    -    .7 7.'      - "- *
~   Tho crackB on the north shoulder
are significant as Indicating that move
ment has ■ taken place and that the
solidity of this huge mass'of rock ls
.,not to be.rellod upon.   The recent mb-
. voments Indicated by these cracks may
well bo ascribed to tho "disturbing effects of mining operations.-   ',
"In* view of what has already 'occurred, of the present condition of
Turtlo mountain, and of tho damage
to property and life that-would result
, in caso the northwest peak nnd shoulder fell, It does not appear safo to tako
further liberties-with this mo.untntn
and In my opinion tho conl seams near
Its baso should not bo disturbed.*'
reign," and'.that ..he -had *' the "right
to" get rid of, his dependents'without
giving.-reasons.,**',"-' ":■.■*)■'<■-.. 7 7. '>, y ''
""Wheii" the working-.men'"and.- women   insisted' still   further,, upon the
• -        .„■*■■*.->__.. x,  . ir      '■■■'.■■•■■.
reinstatement of-their two comrades,
the capitalist replied by. locking them
ali^out.'' ',** - ■' y'J'Y*': '.*- '•'
-iSo'it'Is that^to-"day',this little'city
stands as,, tkoug'a", dead, lt is .impossible^ to obtain a single-scab among
the "peasants. - The Vomen formerly
employed are starving since they went
out without any organization to whom
they could apply for relief..,, Yet, in
spite of this* fact, they * are' eyeri encouraging the; men to contlnuo on
strike,' and - declare * that hunger and
starvation" are* better than humiliation
and that'all. must go back to work
or nbne.1 .. .-■'.. . - * - -' ' ■ *-';|-
/ There is no'question*** of-wages at
stake. Every -effort has-been; made
indeed to bribe the workers with high
-wages if they,,-would .only consent"'to
victimize these two. ■■■.,'' -'■ ' ",-;,■
.One incident shows the, deep feel-
irig"and'determination that.relgris.l A
child,haying-been born to one of..the
locked--.but workers,*, the qapltallst
sought.,to work himself into favor "l>y
sending"" aVpriest fifty, life.*,($l0)' to
the young mother} ,.'/'- . \\ J jy<
" It is hard for the Amerlcancpmrades
to .realize, what- fifty' lire -*meant tb
this mother., For months she .had toiled* from darkne'ss. to .darkness for a
salary of but-a single lire a day. Now
she suddenly had ..the .opportunity."to
enjoy ' all that fifty/ lire could. bring
tb her. at once! ' kow, many things
it would bave "made possible for her
new-born child and her old parents,
but she did not Jiesitate for a moment
in'driving the;priest from^her home,
and saying,that .she was-not asking
for.-alms, but for justlce.v'and not for
herself, .but-for heV»'class.     * '
'*,'.*   , - '-•.
",-Ori the old advertisements of-the
company* selling the mineral water was
a^.Hon., and 'a lioness, that-seemed: to
the*, workers*"tq -Isymbblizerl.capitallBt
power and capitalist profit.-."' Now .the
workers ,are'/ .aylhg, that*, along;,with
these'two .there is'arising another, lion
_fbre~p"owirfuI^t*hjin^
the . Hon; of ^proletarian ..^spirit, class
consciousness   and,-- SbcIalIsm,-7-Com-
liiffWolt™*'*        "    '."*. ',5'."■?*•,.  "   *   -
Conciliation  Board Disperses--The
-■ ■-.   - -      - ;•    * -■■ ',"".' i' ",'.'■''*      *
j  j Many Conjectures as to Next
'-*,'-' ,  - r- ',,-.-- *"'■",>        ' '- i   a    ■ ,'     # *'    ,
Move by th0{Operators
' So far aB the situation is concerned
at ,th© present ■ writing, there is hut
little to, report thereon.' '
".Chairman Gordon   left   Banff --for
Winnipeg and has forwarded his report to* Minister of Labor,' W. Mackenzie King. ■*"•■■-' . ' ,
Colin" Maeleod, as. representative of
the operators, it-is expected, .will on
behalf- of his clients,- coincide with the
,views expressed by the chairman, despite the fact that .when it was first
mooted > they declined "to accept-the
same. This supposllon Is by no means
an illogical-, one,* as the terms of the
award' are appreciably below- thqse
they "offered "at the'Calgary^ conference.
With" "-iiese'facts-In his* possessi-.n it
is a. tuzzle how    Chairman   Gorcljn
could reach the.cpnel-*."un he did, lc-
cause .cdinarily- C7t»- .*• .tld assime
that the operators ifroposals were not
the maximum of-what they would con-
.      ,       JO *     - _■■■_*- > ,,   ,
cede, and yet we ^ind- the - mediator
even substracting. from their offer!
-,  -    *i    -       ..I  i
-A. J.-Carter on behalf.of the mlne-
**  * ' - .    .
workers has submitted his report and
we had expected. to^ have been able to
have reproduced"; the same in full this
week, .but as he .has not receivedirelease for same from the Minister of
Labor, * although "permission to do so
was..asked for. by wire, we are 'thus
reluctantly compelled to defer giving
same, much to .our regret, .until 'such
time as it has been returned from the
department, wben it will appear t in
our columns.'
ARE DEVELOPING
- THEIR COAL PROPERTY
. The various representatives of District. 18 are now visiting the different
camps "and attending to the various
matters connected with- the. organiza-
tion. <  ' "        *.','..--,!'
. .International Board Member is in
the neighborhood of Hillcrest, Bellevue and Frank, and will,likewise visit
Lille, Passburg, etc..
Tuesc'ay and Wu lnesdny Pres'dent
Towel, ane Vice-'.'-esident Clem St lbbs
si comui i led by \" .1,1, til, Interna-
lonal, }> ard Memb.-r and Karl T _eo-
dovonch, tlie interpreter, visited Bank-,
head and Canmore where they made
full explanation' regarding the present
situation and found the men a unit in
their , determination to support- their
side of the controversy to the finale.
LET THERE BE NO/DELAY
ing Nation:1
PANICS'
A  HEROINE OF THE CLA88 WAR
By Angelica Bnlnbnnoff
The..Soelnllst -women of Italy hnvo no
rogulnr organization. ..Many nmong tho
working women are moved with tho
spirit of Socialism. It is of ono of
-thoso thnt I wish to toll to tho Amerl-
" can Comrades, nnd especially of ono
episode In hor lifo—that of a typical
Itnllnn proletarian; ■
Tho rich Amorlcnns who visit Italy
flock to what ono St tho grontost of
recent Italian poots, Glomio Cnrducol,
callod tho "Qroon nnd Boautlful Um-
urln,' Thoy,.com<y to enjoy tho boau-
tlos of Its art Ironsurofl, and especially
to visit (ho small town whoro onco
lived nnd pronchod tho moult Frnncls
D'ABBl7.l.
Thoso who aro living In luxury upon
thc property of others love lo do horn-
ago to tho man who Idealized poverty
nnd who preached that poverty Is tho
greatost virtue nnd the duslro for material be'nefltR la sin.
In this Bhrlno of tho devotoo of
poverty ovory stri.at cornor Is occup-
.*■    .,,.,   ,       1     1,,.   _».   -".
.VM     ^*,**.,.    .»..»..<_»   4... , *.. *AmliAi**iA*t*A    *_._>    i*_<.
mlricrnl v,*titf*r nf.Mnrrn "I .nhrln
' A few weeks ago lho owner of this
source of health—thoso Hfo-glvlng waters—who Is selling millions of bottles
a year, came Into his establishment,
girls who worked there to change the
system they- had usod for years.
Thoso who henrd hlm obeyed the
order. Biit a tew hours later two
othor women, camo to work, and, not
havln* heard tbe order, went on with
their work In the accustomed mail*
ner. Without Iminlry or offering any
opportunity for eiplanation, tbe ea-pl-
(ttlst employer at one* discharged
these workers, altbemgb one pt Vatm
was about to become a mother.
When the other man and women wbo
had been working .with them heard this
they protest***!?., an. detnantlMt that th*
two women be1 re-employed.    The «ap-
., ,One'of our exchanges; puts. It.this"
way:' " ,- *    ' -.  : ■>*     ' - *
.'       , *    . '     -. 1 *■ ... 1    ,
"When the capitalist closes'hls,_doors
and cries" out* 'over-production,' 'it does
not necessarily mean.that he is an uti-
generous man. Not at all. It simply
means' that tho market Ib "glutted, and
that he cannot dispose of the product
over wages tbat the worker has put up.
True enough, when the capitalist shuts
down1 misery for'tho,worker follows,
but production Ib not carried on,with
an eye to preventing his misery.
"Production is carried on solely for
profits for the capitalist clasB. Wero
every capitalist to become a saint it
would not enso the worker one lota,
Inherent In tho capitalist Bystom aro
the ovIIb of wage slavery, overproduction and unemployment, Irrespective of
whothor the capitalist Is filled with tho
milk of human kindness or not.
"Tho tendency of wngoa Ib to; go
down, tho tondoncy of production is
to Increase, On theso,two facts hang
all tho ovIIb under which we gronn.
"Simply to howl against tho grood,
injustice, nnd Inhumanity' of tho capitalist, Is llko Infilling.tho waves—a
wnsto of effort, Tho ovll of capitalism Ib capitalism."
"Tho ovll ciin only bo ended with tho
overthrow of capitalism and establish
Ing In Its placo a now ordor of society
In which tho- principles of Socialism
are put Into prnctlco."---E< x innfco.
CORRISPONDENZE
CANADIANS
GREAT WIN
The Ottawa Eight Oar
Grew Capture Grand
Oh_ll_n*T_ Run
WtlUttUii^W     *aHa*-A
Everybody kno-ws that the woman
Angellna^Neopolitana'will not be executed. . Will-.the common conscience
"o1f"^h_~country"Toft«in3t^
.brutal,' just.step,aside for a moment
and quietly, discuss the reason why.
It is. a'concession, to 'motherhood
that touches1 the quick of .human.na-.
ture. - What do-we live for, if not to
transmit to those'who-come after us
a fairer^ fortune than we havo enjoyed
ourselves.. - ;Tha't unborn child to be
born ln no stable and cradled,In no
manger,. but seeing the light In the
dreadful associations of a prison cell,
has a right which society rccognlzeB.
The sins of the parent are visited upon
the offspring, but, In so far as we transcend tho cruelty of naturo and touch
In; thought the divine, principle of hope
and help, which Is to be ultimately triumphant, we admit'the,,injustice of
that docree and endeavor to mitigate
Its penalties.
It would indeod bo a beneficence if
that child wero reared in Ignorance o'f
the parental horrors of Its'birth and
riot acquainted wfth thom until education and reason had braced this ten-
dor, shoot to bear tho strain of Ub
terrible Inheritance. But old wives
say, aiid doctor of phllosbphy' has
arisen to dlsputo their wisdom, that
much that Is determinative of character occurs before the birth of consciousness. There Is n pocullnr and
sacred relation between child and
mother wliich commands rospoct far
beyond tho scoptro of ft king or tho
powers of parliament.
Wo aro all satisfied that this woman must nol bo hanged, but wo do
not all know why. Wo dp not realize that wo nro obeying n fiindiunoii-
tnl law superior to all our statutes.'
Fortunately, thoro ls In us tho Instinct of obodtonco to such laws. Wo
oorvo tho unborn child, tlio futuro
gonorntloii, nnd, In our ephomernl existence thoro Is no othor nervlco
which Is worth whilo. nut what nro
wo to think of a"department of JubUco, nnd whnl, Irony tlioro Ib In tho
namo, which would leavo that atom
of humanity uncon«cIouB of Ub rights
and unnble to defend them, undor tho
terror of mnn-mndo laws In tho environment of Its mother nl tho crisis
of Its birth. *
Lifo nnd Uh Ibsuob nro mirrored In
this woman's case, and, nfl", society
must ant, let It do bo quickly. Thus
wo .ronspn with our own conscience,
nnd aro sure of our finding.--Winnipeg
*!*> f._ t*. tv. _ W. ^
THE  HOME  BANK
Found Six Parallel Seams with Total
Thickness of Thirty Feet •   ,.
Mr. W. ,"G. 'McMorris, a director of
the British "Pacific Coal Company,
Limited,' has just returned ,to town
wit J. encouragm-j news respecting the
progress of development worlc' on the
company's 8,300 acre tract near Sklde-
gate Inlet, Graham Island. .Thus far
the existence of six parallel coal seains
aggregating a total thickness of thirty
feet and all within* a space of 300 feet
wide has been definitely determined.
The seams vary in thickness from one
foot six Inches to,twelve feet. Their
continuity has also been proven along
the lrne qf strike north and south for
a distance of two" and one-half miles
by surface stripping and prospecting
pits. Other parallel seams are likely
to be uncovered .as the formation for
the same distance-east- and west <s
the same, all being well within the
company's' holdings.
---The coal is typical anthracite, giving, analyses varying from seventy to
ninety-four per cent: in fixed carbon:
Thus'far not* the slightest Indication of
faulting has been founod. The latest discovery was an eight-foot seam
on which "an.entry is being driven.
°Mr.. Alex. Faulds, consulting engineer, and Mr. McMorris will ■ leave
next week for the scene of operations
to lay but plans for permanent workings. It is expected that ,the first
shipment of coal will be made early
next October.' The work is In charge
of Mr. Robert Archibald, for * many
years mine manager and colliery engineer in Scotland, later of Nova
Scotia, and more recently' connected
with the C. P. K. cbal mine near Banff.
His reports to the company are of the
most favorable character. The present workings are only one and - a
half mile from" tidewater, which can
easily be reached "by a surface train.
—Vancouver Province. *-'        7
TWO MINERS
AREJILLED
- * 1 <■ f - _
Fatal Accident iii Bellevue Workings Near
Frank, Tuesday'
FRANK, Alta., July, 5.—An accident,
occurred In the Bellevue mine ' this
morning, owned by the Western Canadian .Collieries, , in which two men '
were killed. a They commenced work
Ing last Monday and while a car was**
proceeding Into the * tunnel _t Btruck
a' post and left the track, > a cave-in
from the roof took place and coal came
down and smothered them.      =
A relief party was. sent in to - tho
mine accompanied by Dr. McKenzie
but both were1 dead when found. The
names are Thomas* Rossyn, fire boss, '
from England; and Joseph Tasquvila,
timber man, living at Hillcrest.
Gentillissimo-^Direttore del "Ledger,"
,'_ Pr.egovi di'volere accordarmi osplt-
aiita-a7questawmia-ietter_rtei"sucP'~ac-"
reditato. giornale,' sul tema gll Italiani
'**.-.. -* *.
e la fecuola. '      , '    ~
v,. ■ ., '    - -**"*•'
," Ora e'_il-tempo-di.yacanze ed a tal
uopo"'avvi vabastanza*.tempo-.di. riyol-
gere unq,;gguardo« .bhcer'nente leduca-
zibnl'in fantlli per il*futuro?' Io sono
Italiano e naturalmente avrel desiderio
che 1 mlol figlt che fossoro abbill dl
leggere e scrivere nella sua madre lingua.    . Nel grande movlmonto Industrial che riacchlude tante' nazlonallta
del unlvefso onde siamo   in   contatto
contlnuato.     Dato queUto stato   cose
molti dei suol.costuml id abbltudinl ed
lstltuzlonl dovonoioodero irifronte alio
svolgorsl  dl  nuovo generazionl,  Ma
lldloma dovra cssero una eredlta In-
tanclblle,     Questa moderna clvllllza-
zlono domnnda lp porpetulta dello pa-
trie llngue.    Coloro cho ml domander-
nnno.lo ldontlta dl Italiano'certo non.
,vlo rlpudlo. ' I rnlcl flgll non cho quol-
II dol mlol contorrnne! sono prlvatl dl
potere leggere e scrlvoro nelja Ingua
dolBuol gonltorl, Una domocrazln anal-
fabote e II porlcolo dol buon corso dollo
nnzlonl.    II prosonto slstema dl lnse-
gnlnmonlo infntitllo.o Bpcclalmonlo por
quelli dl nazlonallta ostora non 0 nitro
cho una confiiHlono notorn.     Cosa 11
piccolo bambino poiisa nella sctiola non,
puolo rlpotorlo ron I suo!  gonltorl?,
quando quostl non comprondono 0 non'
concordo dl Blmpllflcnmento.   Io sono
Italiano 0 non nutro verun aontlmento
antl inglose il qunlo hanno un gonttlo
llngungglo elln sua lelteniturii a un
glorloso proponso dn por tutto 11 mondo
commercial©, 0 balunrdo alio colonlo
sotto la vocchla nlblono,
Nol Italiani abbiamo lo trndl?,kml
tigunll dai nostri nntonntl, Io Insog*
no nl mlol flgll Ja nlorla dollo lottl na-
zlonnll por la liberta oddl vnnlro for-
vldl con In sun lottorntura llbrl clnsslcl
0 progrosBlvl 0 qiti'llo cho lo proponso.
Io fo nppolln a tutti coloro dol pub*
bllco 0 dollo sciioli! elomontnrl n pron*
dcro detto caso In consldcrnzlo'iie
corcare qunlcho posslblllta ad In tro-
durro I'ltnllano nelamblnntn seiilaRtlro
ed 11 risultato sara grrito por I nostri
flgll non cho ml un gran numero dl
contrlbuoiitl (Vostro por 11 progrcs-
so. Nlr, MIkoIhco,'. Qunndo Boprn
puolo PBRoro dl utile per 1 -10 Italiani
contrlbuentl como rlsulta a protorlo
Ai,\\ix f*H1t
Reproduced, from The World, Toronto," June 28th, 1911:
■"■^Somewhere-around-fiity,-Beven"years"'
On  June the third;  a  citizen  of
Port Arthur,,Ont., —.abig man — got
7
On Thursday tho hanks of the classic Thames wero lined with a long
hedge of faces all eager to witness
>   ..   . ..,.»._        k«„l..a|_..<, _..»>»,*--._*>-.,•        I...*..        .■Ife.***
oared crows of the Ottawa Rowing
Club and tho Belgian Rowing Club or
Ohont. . It was a magnificent spectacle and from the starting point down
tho course every rower put forth croly
single ounce of energy he possessed In
order to win tho race. A Hue drawn
from the bow of one boat would havo
touched, nny stage of the game and
the onlokers were In a fever of ex-
dtement snd doubt as' to which crew
would win the day, but when within
*x short dlsUnco of tbe goal, with *
determination, born of the most bull
do* penlnarU-f, the Ottawa boys bore
the colors -to a TlMory, and the flrand
Itnllst replied  that "discipline must j Challenge Cup was theirs,.
ago. Chevalier MacDonald, a worthy
Scotch, pioneer of-York County—call-
ed-"Chevalier' because he was at one
time the representative of the Netherlands in Toronto—started a bank and
called It The Toronto Savings Banks.
And so it was called until 1872, when
the late Frank Smith and a coterie of
wealthy Torontonians, took hold of
the institution and re-named lt "The
Home Savings and Loan Company,"
Then, after thlrty-flvo years, establishment, tho Home Savings add Loan
Compainy became the Homo Bank. In
short,,the Homo Back, as a financial
institution, has been with ,us fifty-
seven years. , So when you road from
the report of the' annual meeting held
yesterday that the Homo Bank has
gained oho million dollars . deposits,
and has. shareholders to tho numbor
of 1.636, don't think that "the Homo
Bank has dono all this In six years.
"Six yoara ago the Homo Bank had
two offices In, Toronto.     Back of It
was a history of half-century Identity with finance In Toronto, and when
tho Homo Bank began to expand Ub
branches naturally und easily took root
Thoro aro seven Homo Bank offlcos
In Toronto to-day, nnd twonty-slx In
other,points of Ontario and tho West.
'.Mr. Kngetio O'Kocfo l» president of
tho Homo Bank.     Tlo likes Its ways
nnd ho says that, although ho' Ib 81
years of ago, ho Is not too old (oIobo
tho senso of caullousiicsB In,hanking
A romnrkahlo mnn Ib lSugona O'Kocfo,
A young mini for his years,    Ilo Join
od the stuff of the ItiHtitutlon, which In
to-day tho Homo Hank, fiG years ngo,
and ho hns never been out of touch
with lt. ,. Ho wiih on tho original board
board of dlrcctnm that contained Sir
Frnnk Smith.    He lias hooii foil-mot*
built up and being iMijoyod today hy
tlio descendants of men who wero lilts
asfloclntcH In tho management of tno
inKtltutlon that Ih now the Homo Bank
"Thoro Ih a flguro of tho old days,
too, In Colonol Jami'H Mason, tho gonornl manager, of the Iloum Hani.,   A
more youngster, he when Frank Smith
ami Hugono O'Koofo selected hlm for
promotion,     Ho Ib grounded wnll In
tho trndltlonfl of tho old school.
And «o, having a good nnmo, an Inspiring nsoclntlon nnd an oxpcrl-
vnnxi umimHuiitviH, (tie tiOtno Jiftnff ih
ljUl!(-    J.'.      ■*._]•*..■     ill     .VjAj_j,'„i'    __..._._..-.
dollar gains."
Tho general and efficient manager
In I'-miilo Is John Adair, coming froni
Ontario, shortly after Ihe big flro.
xxx. urtt. utiootne one ot Veni.e'e tK!*t
citizens and enjoys a reputation of
storllng charactor and high banking
attainments,
a-notio"n^iSt^fii^Heatt~to-Ieave~that
city for the. West for a better chance hands.
of earning a living.
He did not <thlnk of walking there.
He would go ono one of the railways,
(which belong.-riot to Canadians, but
to the .MasterB of Canadian Wago
Slaves.), How "would he-go, when he
did not have money to go so far?
Heres how. He 'went to an employment agency and asked to' bo shipped
to (>a Canadian , Pacific Railway construction camp a long way west of
Winnipeg, with free'faro aa per ad'-
vertlsement.
Well, do you think that out of "loy
alty" to tho Emplro, tho C, P.' R.
was anxious to employ British subjects to construct Ub roads? Oh,
no! Ho wis told that they did not
want mon who could sponk EngllBh.
You see, wago slaves who cannot
speak English have many advantages
from the profit standpoint. Tlie price
thoy hnvo to accept for thoir work Is
much loss to start with, and'then
they cn nbo moro easily fooled Into
working for nothing nnd honrdlng
themselves.
Lawyer Colo Is nt Port Arthur looking after the cases of somo men who
havo slgnod a contract for G. T. P.
coiiBtrn.-tlon, which thoy did not properly understand, with Uio result, Ihat
nftor working six month-*** on tho contract,'tliey como out of camp In debt
to Iho company. Whnt (Jo you think
of that?
Well, our frlond roughed up n weeks
wngeH—$12—to got to Winnipeg "on
tho C, P. R.
"OVERPRODUCTION"
MILLS CL06E DOWN
WHITINSVILE,  Mass., June    30.—
The employes of the North Uxbrldge <■
cotton-mills were notified* to-day * of a
suspension of operations all nert week
The Whitlnsville cotton mills/ which
are on a four days' a week- schedule,
shut down last -night until next Wed- ■-.
nesday.     Overproduction is the causo.,
* The LInwood Mills, of Linwood, and
Saunders Mills, of Saundersville, clos-.
ed to-day until next Wednesday.   The
Paul Whitin Manufacturing Company's
plant at- Rochdale'will be idle Moil- -.
day and Tuesday. ;"■   "        ■   "• -
f WARE, Mass., June 30.—The cotton ,
and hosiery mills of tho Otis Company ,
of Boston, will be,shut down tomorrow
unTrnfulKl0"ThTyempIofab^t"17200"
CANADIAN  HEADQUARTERS; '
rFOR SWIFT. & COMPANY
TORONTO, July .3:—The World will*'
ahnbunco tomorrow- that Swift and Co:
the big Chicago meat packers, will take
over and operate, the-packing*plant of
the D.'B; Martin Co., at West Toronto, ■
making It their Canadian headquarters.
Swift and Co. some time ago secured
control of the capital stock of the U.
S, ysirds which adjoin the Martin plant. ■
NARROW  E8CAPE  OF 60
FROM   BURNING   MINE
.CLARKSBURG, W., Va.V June 30.—
Flro of alleged Incendiary origin ' is
burning fiercly In tho Chieftain mine
of tho Clnrk Coal company at Wilson-
burg near this city. ,
Sixty miners -ecsapod through nn'
emergency openlngrnnd It Is bollev-jd
ovory man who wns at work succeeded
in reaching the surfaco,
Egrogglo, nirnttore dol Ledger:—
Appollo nlla vostra gnneroslta dl
darml recaplto a quosta mla lottora
nolle colonno dol suo acrodltato
glornnlo. Circa duo most or sono awl
nol Lcdgei;, una clrcolaro dol unlonc II
qunlo loggovasl ovvero dl ovvlso ad
ogni inombro dolln middaltn cho avova
ontl dn sorcorrero nol vccchl pnosl -
fncondoHl porvonlro una Idonoltn da lo
atitorlta dovo ossl rlfllodovano da lo
vnno pciToplro II mixloslmo soef-oruo
pnrl a coloio cho rloledoiio In quest'
piH_.il.     Orn una pni'to di i'hhI iioviiiidI
Mr. Worker, how arc you going toldolcnli c'lr. nol prwmtura I su do D,
voto noxt election?  Liberal?    Coiih(_i-
vat Ivo?     No good.     Guess again.
—Cotton's Weekly.
DISTRESSING
ACCIDENTS
#
Two Children Almost Met
Death in Terrible
Manner
FAL0E ALARM
Afltr  Anothsr  Spwlmsr. for His Colltctlon
Midnlfrht Thnrndny nn nMrm vcan
sounded from box .4, which is ailuat-
od at Victoria and Davis Direct, but
when tbo department reached tho
pfaro they found that there was no
fir* snd <h*M they fcsd Is*.'i. hosx.!
ntrtiln. Th* miemrnhl*, JoV**n» wbn
aro guilty of the«e tricks will l_ trying If onco loo often, and If (aught
will be mimmarily dealt with.
CRANrmooiC, July l~A illBtrcHsIng
nccldont ocnirrwl at Fort Steele todny whoroby Dw Infant child of some
wttlers wlio wero "trekking" from the
Htntes through to Alberta, lout Its lifo.
Tho Infant was being fed by Its mother
when a sudden jolt of the "prnlrlo
corl'flc'iM or sono duo (.clllmniic, gll
u .Iclall dl codontn localo si rlfliiuirono
con I) dlro cho non nvevnno mo-
nctn. Ora qui o II coko dl pron-
iloro In coiislilornzloiic, die end
rioHtrl nel vccchl pnrsl cho soffrono
dlgln In trlHtes-zc della vita clio da tro
itiest iiRpcttiinn qunlcho rlllovo dal miol
lotitiiiio, e nulla gll gluiigo.
QucKto nun l* gliiHto pur la IJ, M. W.
Avvertlnmo   II   Signer   Preshlenle del
JniHtrcttn IS nd occuparsl nl riguardo, ,
'qualnni 1 lie del to non hI cnlgg/i I nieni-
llu-i di roil, r.tn localo fnranno appollo'
j MEMBRO Dl*! LILLH.
j N'.-1'otteiien* I foiidt dnlla luiormi-
{zfonnlo cl 0 'nncoasnrlo it I uodillsfiiro
I a tutto |o nostro promesso. Mo-
I tive . cbe cl rlchtedi' tnnlle tempo tier
Imottoro n ruolo 11 rontlK-nnto
l meltcro n ruolo II contlgontc.
I Ktl 0 liuciir.louo delln giuntii.
Oiiteiiilhii del dist lotto (11 MUppliru I
(didl n (ki*. hi .-I.o hnnno lo fnmkl-n
al dl la doH'occonno al plu prcnto che
si hIii eampU'tnto lo loro giutite Idonolta
rlccvcramio In loro moneta.
■ Non vl sara tempo che nol nl dlstrno
In riguardo del nontrl mombrl 0 chlo-
dlumo ml «k«I dl cssoro Indulgentlo a
rostnio slcurl che I loro tifflclnll far-
ttchooner"  Ihrew  the  (.lilld    t«    tli«,[lUft<> <u^o cto cti-6 sia ..OA-Jlblle i«or
grounil and ono of the wheels panned I P"»"«lnj ulterlorl Inronvenlentl Im-
.     , .[n-Ml   dMxi   -.UcuitUiu-it,    Preghinmo
ov«r its »ak<i.. Uncora una volta I compagni dl I.llle
Anothor accident of a similar nature\,h„ <.v%tido cl Invleno qushlail cords-
took place to-dny In this rlty, Thi* j pond-vim che sin nccompagnlata dalla
•son of Mr. A. Mackinnon fell off a j ■'■"'"»   »>rt   i-orrlspondente alttlmontl
lumber cart, thc wbeete of which im-\iUmo eo,,r*lU * f*wtInarl«.~U R.
_nd.ir.dfiu..
_1 over htm. but happily not resulting     „ m j 0 JanM dft mkfm .^
In donth, alibotiKh  the Iltflo  fellow\sMxh it 1JHo ,„ 8Ht|m,tri„ i>r<».-Inwt
was somewhat seriously Injured.        iron H "Oro-sio Carlo" ll Interpret.?. ■^s.;
^'^o^tM^MS^Y^
yx'i *;_,-'.*
._'■**  ■** "
v- ;
7-
"•-*•'-=-' .   ' "   "       *"*• ,    ■.*■*'_■   «.■-*■    '-'-.-"   • '_   ,-'•:.■.<.?",,'",'..   ,   ■     -
■ ■'■  " _"'-" v,  .*      ..*'*.•:*;""■'    -*!•   .**,;  *.' .'-   .-•;•-* ---* >,..".,. -,_   >.,-.*,-'      ,,-,_"
. • .** ,V * --• ' v    .-*..-■."■-.-... .'-    '      . .,..*'*.•.-'
? ."V*
■- .---ft- ,
>   ■        .- • -       ■   --   ,,   *-.; ,**■
,'.'*-,       ,.        -    -      / \
-I.
? '
i:' ,
I-  *
IV
\\-
PAGE  TWO
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERKIE, B. 0., JULY 8, 1911.
if
STRIKE MAY? BE
MADE GENERAL
-   ■      '    *    ' '- -        - ' '
 .        _        ,.■*,.*-     _. j .
_,. - ■ .   , **. -'--**.
Miners of Britain Discuss Propo-
sal to Order Cessation of Work
I 10 _*>  . .. -      .   _ • '' ■
,* '*» Sympathy with the
Cambrian Miners
city, engineer and the mayor when' the
city has a,city' engineer, or the approval of the", mayor when the-city
has not a city, engineer; and no plan
of such survey shall be registered' uh;
less it bears a certificate of such/approval, biit such "approval' shall not'be
unreasonably-withheld," ,' > * " '
, "The City Engineer,,where, the city
has such an ; officer,' or'.the mayor,
where the city has.not a city engineer
may sanction'the subdivision,-of any
property already subdivided into lots
shall be certified by the City Engineer
or'by the Mayor when the City has
not a city' engineer,'as having been
approved^ before'registration thereof.";^
In Albesrta.it is provided that if the'
nuisance or unhealthy condition, arises
from some defect.n tlio'cbnformation
or construction of the land or building
or if the same Is unoccupied, the notice prescribed * shall bo given to * the
proprietor,—The Labor Gazette..' , •
' LONDON, June 29—The specially
convened conference of the Miners'
Federation of Great Britain held at the
Westminster Palace Hotel last Monday, and presided over by Mr. Enoch
Edwards, M. P. the principle subject
considered was the dispute at the
Cambrian Combine-Collieries in South
Wales.     ,
Under the resolution of tlie confere-
ence held.at the Westminster Palace
hotel on April 26th tbe executive committee of ,yie. National Federation was
.entrusted ,>yitjb all,the further respon-
. s.ib,ilit>; for.--.he conduct of-negotiations
■■ovoj-., the. meters Jn dispute and after
-a,, series. ,o| ..meetings :between four
representatives .of the   South   Wales
r,Goal Owners', Association and, an equal
,.n,umber oftthe. representatives of the^
Miners'  Federation- ;of. Great Britain,
terms were reached.* On May 15th the
terms were signed and formally accept-! the following terms:
ed on behalf of'.the two parties to thej    "That, in the. opinion of this confer-
dispute.' ,By the South Wales miners, ence   the   object'sought for at  the
however, the settlement* was rejected; special conference held at the Caxton
and  the  chief  business before  Mon-j hall on .April 26th, is*secured in the
Wales men found no support from the
delegates* representing* the other federated districts. By the English and
Scottish delegates it was strongly
pointed out that the course they were
advocating was not only entirely out
ofiorder and unjustified by any previous decision of the national conference, biit that lt unreasonably ignored
the fact that the matters in dispute
at the Cambrian" Collieries—the alleged failure to settle which was the ostensible reason for the demand for a
national strike^—had- been honorably
adjusted, and'.that*-assumlngan authority, to which It had' absolutely no
right but was acting unconstitutionally
and in a manner- defamatory to the
federation.'*        '■ •'■
■ These were also the views held by
the executive committee and the- resolution on the subject which it submitted to the afternoon session was in
day's-conference was to' decide what
, national action, if any, should be taken
The South Wales delegates concen-
j  trated ,their energies • upon a demand
for a declaration in favor of a general
. stoppage throughout lhe coal fields of
the country, in support not'only of the
claims of the Cambrian Combine workmen but also of the. general principle
of, a   definite   guaranteed * minimum
..wage for. all .'colliery workmen.   The
discussion had not been long in progress before it came obvious1** that the
extreme policy advocated by ,th'e South
proposed settlement of the Cambrian
Combine, dispute, signed on behalf of
the workmen by Messrs. E. Edwards,'
M.P., T. Ashton, W. .Abraham, M.P.,,
and T. Richards, M. P, and this conference now agrees to accept no further
responsibility in reference to the dispute.", "'     . * * '        . .   ■
The resolution was carried -by
46 .000 votes against 137,000. Not a
single delegate from England or Scotland voted* against' the -recommendation of the executive!—the hostile "vote
of 137,000 votes being exclusively from
the-South Wales membership of the
Miners' Federation of Great Britain.
What -the consequence , of the decision of the conference may bo it is
impossibl© to say. One "of the moro
immediate results will be the cessation of the $15,000 a week grant which
the South Wales strikers have ■ been
receiving from th© M.F.G.B.,since the
beginning of last February', and which
in its aggregate amount up to" the end
of last week had exceeded $250,000."
South Wales cannot take any ind©;
pendent action till the decision of the
national conference has been* communicated to. anoflier- local general
delegate meeting. Iii, the resolutions
adopted at Monday's meeting of the
South Wales Miners' Federation no
provision was made for such a meeting
but they iommitted the South Wales
delegates in the event of the rejection
of their proposal in favor of a general
strike to support* a' policy of national
action on the question of a guaranteed
minimum wage'to workmen,employed
in abnormal, places.
■The purpose of South Wales is to
advocate national action in regard to
this matter In the fornr of a" national
strike'; the M. F. G. B.' is committed to
deal with' it on national lines, but it
has(yet to.be seen whether the M. F.
G. B.'andthe (South' Wales Miners* Federation are * in agreement " that this
national policy shall-take the form of a
national strike. -It is not at*all improbable that * the parent and the local
organization will.be in disagreement,
and that the South* Wales Miners' Federation may secede" from the national
body.       7 *'
WHO OWNS THE U. S.
THE HOUSING
QUESTION
IN CANADA
An address on Unsanitary i rousing
delivered at the second annual mcct'i:*;
of the Commission of Conservation
held at Quebec, January, 17th, 1911,
by Dr. Chas. A.'Hodgetts, Medical Advisor to tho Committee or. J'ubllc
Health of the Commission, has been
issued by the Commission ln n small
volume, whfch contains also nn ad-
dross on'Agrlcultural Work In Ontario,
delivered on tho same occasion by Mr.
C, C. James, Deputy Mlnlstor of Agrl-
culturo for, tho Province of Ontario, •
Tho address by' Dr. Ilodgotts ls Illustrated with a numbor of pieturos,
which show clearly that slum condition^ havo nlrendy begun to arise In
\ ai ions parts of the country.    An ac*
Cod Liver Oil With
the Oil Taken Out
A Triumph for Chemical Science and
Pharmaceutical Skill
OU from the liver of the cod-fish hai
been uted as a preventative of disease
and a restorative for ages.
For a long time it has been the general
opinion that thc medicinal value of Cod
Llvrr OU was thc greasy, oily part itself
•—its only drawback being the unpalatable, fishy taste of the oil,
Prom the first experts have been trying to find means to make it more palatable. They used to "cut" it with
-whiskey—take It In wine—flavor It with
lemon juice—anything to get away from
that abominable fishy taste and smell.
Lots of people still take it in Emu!-
lion form, which is nothing more than
"churned" oil—broken up—but still
greasy, oily and a strain on the digestion.
Doctors used to think it wm the oil
itself that built up the »yit*m—they
were slow to find out that the oil was a
distinct drawback to the medicinal principle* contained in it.
Crude oil Is quite indigestible, nnd
trill, in time, put the strongest stomach
out of order.
A way has now been discovered to do
away with the grease and the smell, and
yet retain all the medicinal properties
of the liver. This is done by removing
the fresh oil .from the new livers, -The
__   w   fLtlff  t.   '....It   ,Ui,ii,i   ,o   t_«C   LOI Ui
of an -extract HVe hcef erlrnrt
Nyal'i Cod Liver Compoun**'
this liver extract combined with an ex-
count, of t these conditions is, followed
by-a-brief-synopsis~of .hV_awi^and"fe:"
gulations" in force in the various' provinces with'regard to housing a'nd an
account of the methods adopted in
other countries to deal with this problem. ,
,    ,       Slum Conditions
^ With regard to the Province of Quebec, Dr. Elzear Pelletler, Secretary of
the Quebec Board of Health, Is quoted
as saying: ,    ,,
■ "As the population of our cities increase, tho dwellings are huddle.d together, without any care being given to
their orientation in ordor to * secure
sunshine and light for the apartments,
nad without reserving onough froo
space to allow air to circulate around
the dwellings, ' The height of tho build
Ings constructed ls out of proportion
to the width of, lhe Btreets, which will
look, in time, like moro lanes. Wings
aro built precisely In the places where
thoy-will Intercept the sun's rays most
directly. Some so-called Improved
dwolllings aro constructed lii which
half of the rooms nre lighted from closed yards, which consequently contain
only stfistinnt nlr, Moreover, somo of
tho yards are only wells, Btyled light-
wells, but. whore tho sun can novor
penetrate, Rooms aro mado without
riny windows whatever. And lastly,
dwellings, and tenants aro always
found for thom,'
With regard to tho effect's of slum
conditions, Mr. .1. J. K, Kelso, Superintendent of tlio Dopartmont of No-
glected Children, Bpeaks as follows:
"Bad housing conditions Inevitably
tend to drunkonnoBs In pnrontfl, to
delinquency in children; to disorderly
conduct; to wlfo nnd family dosortlon
by mon who got tired of It all; to Immorality In tho growing gonoratlon, owing to tho Inok of privacy nnd tho consequent Iobb of modesty; to tho spread
of typhoid fover dlptliorln, scarlet fover, and tho rnvugos of tho groat whito
plnguo,'
With roforonco to ovorcrowdlng In
Winnipeg, Dr, A, J. DouglnB, Modlcnl
Officer of 11 c it 11 li of Wlntiliiog, reports:
"Overcrowding notices totalled l,8f>2
an increase over Inst year, but most
of thoso wero not extreme cases, hut
morebly vorbnl wnrnlngB of tho In-
spootor, wIiobo Hpcclnl duty thla Is, thnt
Mio number of bods nuiBt bo reduced;
for It requires consoleHH vlgllnnro to
keep within bounds the temptation of
ii. ,1        i
located within a few feet of the clo
sets:" *- . v~" *       o    _.
These .immigrants frequently rent
small houses and take in a large num*
ber of boarders, causing overcrowding.
TJhree cases in Winnipeg are cited. In
one, a foreigner accommodated forty-
three occupants in five rooms; another
had. twenty-four in one room, and a
husband and wife living in two rooms
took In five roomers; and another man
and wife with six children had from
fifteen to* twenty boarders in four
rooms. The census of 1901 shows
there were 46,154 one-room houses;
74.715 two-room houses; 97,674 three-
roo  mhouses, "
Canadian Health Laws
It is stated that .the present laws
and regulations In force in Canada
do not deal efficiently with tho slum
problem. Those laws and regulations
are, in tho main'either (a) health measures of tho Public Ilenlth Act, or regulations , thoreundor; or (b) prov!-'
slons of the Municipal Code, In most'
provinces, the medical officer of health
Is authorized to Inspect lands nnd
buildings, with the objoct of preventing
an accumulation of filth, dirt and rubbish, nnd has power to adopt tho necessary monsuros for the removal of
the samo. Upon complaint of tho existence of a nulj-anco, If Investigation
proves Hint tho complaint is woll
founded, tho removal or abatement
of tlio nulsanco ls ordered by* tho
medical hoalth offlcor, local board of
honllh, mnyor or roovo. In aomo provinces, health officers aro empowered
to onfer Into or upon nny premises in
the daytime as ofton as thoy thing
nocossary,
In British Columbia, tt Ib provided
that: . o porson ahall lot, or occupy,
or suffer to be occupied, as a dwolllng
or lodging nny room which (a) doos
not contain nl all tlm on nt lonst. 381
cubic foot of nlr spneo for onch person occupying tho samo; or (b) hns
not. n window lo opon In tho mnnnor
approved hy tho local bonrd; or (c)
Iiiih. not uppurtonnnt to It tlio ubo of
water-closet, or onrth*closot constructed In accordance with thoso roguln'
lions, ir local board Ifl Hiitisflod that
any room or btinldlng within Uh Juris
diction, occuplod an a dwelllng-placo,
Ib unfit for such purpoBos. It may Ib
sue notico to tho occupants requiring
(lie prcmluoH to ho put In proper anni-
tary condition, or mny roqulro tho oc*
o.cuutu | iu--..nf« to *jua uio premises.    Jf tho
livlnr. by Initlnijln honrilrrti, rrtfardJcw.. iwi'Mia no uolllM, «.* .,__) of Uwm,
Nyal'i Cod Liver Compound, U limply |of tho B,7i0 of tholr ,.oomB or *_.„•](„„.■•'
tract of malt and healing wild cherry.
It alio contain* the true hypophosphltei.
ThU combination makes Nyal'i Cod
Liver Corn-pound a delicious tonic—
uuiki* u-,1 xot *»*>»itn*i, tt.ua ii.i_.tk you
strong.
Take It when you feel yourself losing
your nip. It's ft pleasure to take-
even the children like it.
Oct • bottle to-day and mud off
disease.  11.00 for s Urge bottle.  Your
druggist will cheerfully recommend It
Uoiuie be knows _l about It.
_ or Hnlo tn Kernio huh uimrantood by
N. E. SUDDABY
Oo«for«_cb«iv«fydtyiIlm*oj
I Tho alum conditions In Cnnndn aro
largely duo to the arrival of poor Immigrant* from ICuropo and Aula, and
Mur-i*.        _ !••«     f/inrt#_     *-r*i      ,•,*■*}.'    f.-     » 1 » »
„ * t *> . ..       At       , ll.<    j «._ **__._, t»    ■,_»<_■        _■
of tlio large cltloa but fn new suburb.**-,
commonly known ob "ahaclt towns."
whore the poor nro hoiiHod In dwolllng*
little better than ahedii, which nro all
tlioy nro nblo to afford.
Tho following reference ia mnde to
an Italian colony noar Sault Bto. Mario,
takon from tho report of tho Provincial Board of Health of Ontario, Uiofl,
which doRcrlbes thla typo of slum:
"Thli colony Is crowded Into a lot
ot ralnerablo ahacki, filthy both out-
Hide and Inside; no cellars, no drain-
\ati(f, closet* on the -surface of tho
* «rrounrt, vlH» beyond deirrlptlon; wntr-r
(from ahallow welli, which were dirry
,;u*.'J unfit for uec, and moet of them
nr-gleot or refuse to comply with tho
terms of tho notice, every perton «o
offending shall bo Ilablo for tho ponnl*
tlou Impound for Infraction pf those
.*-n,.l_.Uu..«,  **_,'*•   llll'   intiln.   Ilia**.   UAUfttt
tho premises to bo properly cloansod
at the pxponse of tho owners or occupants, or may rcmovo tho occupants
forcibly nnd cIoro up tho premlsca, nnd
the same shall not again bo occupied
na a dwelling place until put tnto
proper sanitary condition, or the board
mny emtio auch iircmlHcs to bo don-
troyotl with tho conat-nt of two Jus-
lire* of tho peace.
The Municipal Codo of llrltlih Columbia alio contain* the following pro-
vUlom with regard to Town Planning:
"AH property within a city or of property whlf-h It continuous to tho boundaries of a elly, hy owners or othow
Khali bo subject to the approval of tho
Sonie of our DeraocriUlc and Republican Congressmen rank with • the
seven wonders of the world.
Many of them are bo bright that
{he city of Washington cam,light its
avenues without tlie aid of arc lights.
Whenever the newspapers announce
the fact that Congressman Pudding-
head is going to address the House on
the' paramount question of whether
or not English cats understand French
or whether - bald heads are of moro
value to the community than , ■ pink
whiskers, we simply supply ourselves
with smelling salts to, brace our'nerves
for the ordeal.' *    ^ .
» "I '*■
. Especially do - Congressmen shine
when, they give joyous and uplifting
advice to young college' graduates
starting out on life's .journey.
.Tlie latest*Congressman to stimulate
our excitable nervous > system bears
the .name of, Copley—Representative
Ira C,Copley—-and"he hails from the
State of Illinois.    *.
Copley is quite a radical. He is
said to fayor the" fresh air fund, .liberal contributions to foreign missions;
and a larger circulation of the Congressional Record*. ,Yes, brethren, he believes in a considerable amount, ■ of
revolution, but • he is careful * to say
that he Is in no'hurry for it, and prefers rose' water to blood,       " **>*
His one heroic,act'in behalf of the
dear people was to deliver a graduation address before tho Bliss Electrical School a£'Washington that nearly
lifted the linen off grandmother's' cio-'
thes line.    (        -7'    -. 7        '
Said Congressman Copley: "Absolute "control "of ;the" railroad, telegraph,
-telephone,—iron-**and"usteel—industries-
rests in the hands" of'five men, who
are the principal "owners of the United
States Steel Corporation, The same
men control 70 per'cent of the banking interests of New York, and practically every gas and' electric plant In
the country' ls dominated by them."
Ponderous truhts. ■ Wonderful discoveries.  " And so new; too!
It wouldn't .surprise-lis If Copley's
illuminating and epoch-making address
is*given a place in American literature
as a fit companion piece1 to Washington's farewell address, and Lincoln's
famous Gettysburg .spcocli.
Brother Copley, addressed his remarks principally to tho young men,
and told them it was thoro duty to endeavor to remody theso evils. Now
that is a splendid bit of advice to bo
given by a Congressman, ' Wo might
presume that tho peoplo of Copley's
district pay him $15,000,overy two
yoai'B just to address,young mon and
to tell thom thnt'It" is thoir duty to
save tho country from our financial
pirates. '
Copley apparently recolves his salary to glvo ndvlco, to attond pink tons
and to look wlso. Tlio Idoa that ho
waB sent to Washington to leglslnto
for tho benefit of tho Buffering pooplo
lias novor occurred to lilm.' Ho bo-
llovos In lotting Goorgo do,lt,
Pormlt us to quote Congressman
Copley again:,,
"We aro fnco to faco with tho groat-
ost problem of our oxlstonco. In 1800
tlio question was, 'Shall tlio Union bo
Supreme?' and now, 'Shall flvo mon
who dominnto tho Unitod States Stool
Corporation rule tho country by rwi
oligarchy of wealth?' or 'Shall tho pooplo govom for tlio benefit of nil tho
pooplo nnd glvo every mnn a aquaro
donl?'
"Tho five men wlio control tho Unitod States Stool Corporation also con*
trol 70 por cont of all llio railroads
of tho country.
"Indirectly thoy control nearly all
tlio rost. Tlioy domlnnlo all tho telegraph and tolophono businoss through
ownership of lho Amorlcnn Tolograph
and Tolophono Company,"
Aftor rending this much of Copley's
address our mind gavo way temporarily. Wo hnd to bo put lo bod' and
Htlmulti'ntM administered, His alarming description of the great dangor
now confronting the nation wns moro
than w<* could atand. Anil this Just
t>._o._b liov, nervous mon t'loiwod nnd
oursod with a vivid Imagination can
borrow trouble, Wo fret ourselves to
emaciation ovor things wo, fear will
hnppon, but which, ln fact, novor liap-
Ilut how woro wo to know boforo-
hnnd that Copley had tho oxnet remedy noodod to revlvo the \lyln_. nation?
Tnto, nur hotter Judgment suggested
tliut a man of Coploys Ability nnd
foivfilghf would havo a solution, and,
by heck, hn hm.    So all Is well that
_ nrlw wfll,
Copley's solution Is ft gem'. Rood
It carefully. Road It slowly. Says
this groat suitonman,
"I ran hwi lmt one "solution*—public
regulation M..1 ront roi by rompeteml
and dMnti'mtttMi ojcporfi. of public
service and I Morula to corporations, a
tariff roiiiiiiiHHtim to provide fnlr had
scientific schedules and similar boards
45 - Steam-Heated .Rooms
* *    *'* *, 'i .'■*'-"' ,j-*__ '*•    ' -*
....   *■ J ■■_.-'     i-
Hot and Cold Baths
•Ar,
The Kin    Edward
Fernie's . Leadings Commercial .Hotel
S-i
The Finest Hotel In East'Kootenay'
J. L.'   GATES. Prop',
'"*' , IC ' "* ,'* 7 7',-.'!-
J
yjf,c"'
.  -*    s .
*-.  u ,',     '
-It
_
- ,*        . I
to regulate patents, copyrights and all
special, privileges, a graduated income
ta**. to prevent the accumulation • of
"enormously swollen fortunes and a
graduated inheritance tax to prevent
tho transmission of same.'
Copley first, last and.all the time
stands for the private ownership of
the machinery of production, • He believes that the present system* whereby the workers are robbed _f $8 worth
of wealth' out, of every $10 theyere-"
ate0 is good enough.       ,
But_the Illinois-statesman wants the
Capitalist class to divide with Uncle
Sam. He .believes0 the government
ought, to become a partner in the
merry game of looting the "workers.'
He .would have the owners tp keep
them in their ploce, but he would compel the Capitalist class" to divide their
plunder with "the' government in the
form of income taxes and inheritance
taxes. '   - • ,  ■     . .*rv
'7    . ''  ,,   HEAD OFFICE; TORONTO \
' Capital Authorised ....$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000 "
,' Capital   Paid  Up   .•.■$5,575,000 , .Reserve Fund ."....* $5,575,000 *
D..R. WILKIE. President ■■      HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
\    .'BRANCHES'* IN   BRIT18H COLUMBIA     '
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops,- Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
**.,■» *. Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria:  7,
-,'   SAVING8 DEPARTMENT '
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.'
.FERNIE BRANCH, ",   . J GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager P
.-1
Glorious idea for a.plunderbund system! '7     .    a   -  .,     *   '"
- With the government's- part of the
loot Copley.* suggests that experts and
thousands of commissioners be employ
,ed' to examine every thing from a
mouse trap to a railroad."
- The.'workers would keep on slaving
suffering*"and starving the same .as
before7while'.a gang of experts.would
enjoy half'the loot stolen from.'them
by1 the-, Capitalist class,    j^   v    -  •'
As* a "scheme* for creating government jobs" for the fathful, Copley's'idea
id^^Wgh_f_)_take_flrst_,priz€L/at_tli_
Down-and-Out Club's annual^;"lame
duck' exhibition.
Such'a small thing as economics
never" worries a Congressman. He
overlooks the" fact that so long as, tbe
workers receive the smaller part of
thoir. product, and the Capitalist class
receives the larger share/ so long will
we have poverty,' crime, unemployment
and all the other Iniquities which exist
under' the present system of Capitalism. " '
Unde?*Coploys plan the,mill of industry, fed forever by the victims' of
human necessity, would continue to
grind rapidly and steadily.,.. At the
top tlio. machine sucks ln labor, young
and ambitious. -At the bottom it
spews it out, old* and hopeless, to djo
a victim of exploitation. In tho mid-
dio profits'"drop out for tho benefit
of tho owning class,,
Copley wants the mill to remain
the property of the Morgans, Carno-
gies, SchwnbB, and othor Capitalists.
They, would keep on' owning tho govornment. For that reason wo fail to
soo whoroln IiIb plan would bo of bone-
fit, to tho workers. •
The peoplo must first capture the
powers of government. Afterwards
thoy must take ovor the nation's Industries to bo 'operated for tho uso of
all the people. Whonovor thoy do
thnt, thoro will bo enough to satisfy
all mankind. Then, and not until
thon', will wo enjoy roal "poaco on
earth and good will to mon.'
Coploy'a Idoa is only "Stnto Socialism," I. o„ tho ownorahlp of tho industries by tlio samo gang of buccaneers' that now own thom, to bo operated undor d I roc tion nnd supervision
of govornment exports who would divide tho plunder, robbod from tho
workors, with tho Cnpltnllst class.
Wo want nono of It,-—Gordon Nye, In
tho N. V. Call.
KENNEDY & MANGAN
,» ,l O ■ <i t    i...,-
PINING AND CRYING
are inseparably-twins.  ,'" Wherever'
you find the one you're sure to find'
the„other..      ,, '  •' ■■ ' yy- ■ "
FOR    LUMBER.* THAT'S. GOOD.
„ .    BUY,IT HERE. -. „■ , ■'
_,,< v* *,.'
-1 It .• ..       „ .'      '■*,
r ;Good_pine boards or timber are-inseparable to our lumber business*^,
where ""one is,' there you'll-find .'the
-   a * -
.other.   -        ,-.   '   .7        - y "'_.-'
r FAVORABLE ESTIMATES GUAR:
-'   ANTEED  ALL   BUILDERS
OFFICE and YARD,'A)cPHER80N  AVE., OPP..a N.  DEPOT,   FERNIE
0 "   ■ " '"""''*"'""'"-         '-   '
,   ft
i    '*_
Second Hand
v'.»   •      .    -    -_-      -.,•>.,   -  s-.-. --
.}    VICTORIA AVENUE ti.jy    ,
THighesLPrietis. Mir
For 'Secondhand Furniture, Stoves,
Tools, etc., also" Ladies' and* Gentlemen's Cast-off Clothes. -
■ .*_-.'      *'      .' . ■   l.
Two-chair Barber-Outfit for Sale.
G.  RADLAND, Prop. ;
KING'S HOTEL
Bnv supplied with ' the best Wines.
' ' Liquors and Cigars
DINING ROOM  IN CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
, i'i
7^f
J,*---     -.' *C
.Large Airy Rooms & .
,Good Board "
•.-,*■ -n-xi .i -'
Ross & Mackay;?»
«
THE   COAL   BLACK   VAMPIRE
(With apologies to Rudynrd Kipling
nnd ovorybody else,)
By Ed. C. Wright, NaBhvlllo, Tenn.
OATHOLIC8  WARNED
AGAINST 80CIAU8M
Described ss a Heresy, and an Evil by
Archbishop—Religion and Religious
Teachings Can Avert ths Evil
CHICAGO, Juno 28.—Socialism was
condomnod as a horiisy and ovll and
all Catholics wero warned against it
by Archbishop Sohnstlnn O. Mos-mor
of Milwaukee, who was ono of the -sen-
triil figures in today's procooilltiKS of
the Catholic educational coniirosR In
session here,
In addrefiHos dollverod durlnn his
visits to the various divisions of tho
congress the archbishop sounded words
of praise, ol]| warning and of criticism
upon tho various problems which tho
different educators brought up In thoir
various addrossos.
"Socialism Is horosy and nn evil, the
vlcfousncis of which is appn'remt to
every thinking man," said the Milwaukee archbishop.
"Tho immorality which Socialism
breeds aid tho dangers which ll leads
lo and can be averted only by tho Influence of religion and religious teaching*."
A plnn to havo tho uaraclilal uliuil
embrace the kindergarten, primary,
grammar and high school graiks a*.is
mode by Archbishop Meiaraer.
A fool tlioro was and ho had dug a holo
Even as you and I.
And ho slid In tho hole on n slippery
polo
And worked ltko tho dlckons digging
conl,
Evon as you and I,      '
lie struggled away till tho worlc woe
dono
Evon ns you and I,
And found whon 'twas over ho had
dug a ton, ,
And ho polnlod proudly to what ho
lind won,
Bvon as you and 1.
«i «
Uo brought tho conl to tho light of day,
Evon an you and I,
Ho llstonod tn earnest and hoard tho
Iiosb say:
•Til glvo, you a souttlo full for your
Evon as you and I,
And It wasn't tho work, nnd It wasn't
the swoat that made tho follow
""re.   '' lf        !'
It wan dipping a ton nnrt ffettlng a
lump,
That mado hlra say, 'Tm u groat big
chump,"
Even ns you nnd I,
So whal did he do when tho truth ho
found,
Even as you and I. I|
Why ho wont right back to his holo
In the ground
And dug out a ton nnd got a pound,
Kven as yo uand I,
And it Isn't-1 tho rich bug that makes
us mad,
Aud fume nnd fret nnd sigh,   ^l
It's tho ro! darned fool that dug Ihat
hole,
Aud !.cwu oil votliiK to dit thc coul.
Por a vampire that don't give a d-i—
for his soul,
Even as you and !.
P,
Wholesale Liquor Dealer.
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
tmmaaeKmammeeamaamaempmm*m*mmaatm*m
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT   HOSMER,  B.C.
Nowhere In the Psss can be
found In such a* display of
Odfo
We have the best money
can buy ef Beef. Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Egfls, Fish, "Inrmerator Ham*
and Daoon" Lard, Sausages,
Wslnsrs and Bauer Kraut,
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 58
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosphonol <«!•»» «-wt*»rce tn t).« body
: H,"Ty\L.y_S_,lp Hi proper |wiloni rciioru
vim nn*. vitality. I'leuuluuiUcny truUlkmimI
w»kne«i »vM1(ed it wic«. rhonpluMiol «u
V*\J*S *, ?•* «■*»;, Vtltett l hn«. nr tm: fM
<«. HalMMinv*(Mr<M. TU»Hf»\**UUt.*
•>,,flt.CA(li»*.i.-M, On*.
for Ssle at Olissdill's Drug Store
i
';)
MR*. ..      •■ .-,T*;'r''3''**E*''^"W^ ■ •.-"--.--*,-v' -•■
"„ -  -(■''*..'' *■*'■' -■■"■ '7-'.'*:7,7'----'"7:--7"-"'" *-77:"--'-*;,-,--v*fi ..'" ,i.7S''-W.'" *-.*_-__
'" ■----■      ;.-.";,-;-   ,':<*,,-    >>'-,.-- --'-.-, .        Jf,      .-*■*• .-.'.J     i      v-.-> -***-
..?:   !--"•_ J&;
"" ;-*- "-,-:
'*".   *$'
A.,
THE DISTRICT LEDQBR, FERNIE,   B. 0., JULY 8, 1911..
|\ * -.    •-'
T^esentatidfiby
-Pres. YSfabbsY
i; ■**,
i i^
1 The full board" reconvened again on
Thursday morning,*biit .owing .to some
gmisunderstandlng in connection with
'the precise nature of' the documents
required a further .-adjournment was
* ordered, for. the' purpose ot allowing
the "mlhersan.opportunity'of bringing
-'* their statement in line wlth'the one
compiled * by    the * operators.      The
'. board met again at 4 ln the afternoon
when the statement's were duly, filed.
.    Mr.,Carter, entered an early objection
, to' tho -documents submitted -by* the
operators.which was by no. means In
* accordance with the wishes -of the
board.'   Iff is most.indefinite, he said;
.„ find greats the whole matter in a gene-
,ral way.,-"*- At the request of'the chair-
, , man'be withheld further comment-un-
7 til a,'later'period,in order thatitbe
',,, board- might have an opportunity •* of
, going carefully. Into the statements.
In accordance-with ^previous ruling
. of the' chair each side allowed an/op-
h portunlty of expressing themselves.ln
a. final summing of the ^whole - sltua-'
, [ tIon;:ori the lines' of their statement
• and on behalf of the miners Mr. Stubbs
;    delivered an able and efficient speech
."•'as follows:.   -.   ,'      *.    ,'•'   v « "- *'-
-' '.'  "Mr. Chairman/in drafting the'state
ment which you have in .your bands
now.-     I believe we, have • compiled
.with  your wishes  and  your  request
'* at least, as far as-we have been able
to do so.' (We have "attempted to meet
, your,'wishes, and'have'*covered .every
point in which, we ourselves are vitally
",  interested."' In -doing that. we have
.   drafted what-"might, possibly, be * termed, in full,-a proposed 'agreement, and
we have also.stated,specifically.what
are.the particular points* that we desire, to "draw" attention -to.* " We have
' abased our. .claim, at this' time on,se've-
°.*°ral'facts that are very important to us.
'_ and thesevwe'desire to enumerate with
.- out',going; into any very lengthy argu-
"meht-, on \the' matter. -" I*a''the."first
• place we .wish} to draw* attention-to
';the,terms of the'agreement,' and in
■ ;.that particular respect we ^ourselves
l^haviB.sonie'what.recedfid.froni-bun-form--
;.er position.   .'Our position from" the
r commencement", of .- the.   negotiations
■"was to try, and alter the" date of-the
•expiration; but at "this, time It is not
, our'intention to allow that particular
' matter'to be one. of contention.   We
' woiild suggest "that .the'term of,.tho
agreement /be, as'It- has'been In- the
7 prist, not" for more than two.years,
In support of that particular,portion,of
our statement r may say; that wages
so.'fnr as money is concerned are only
relative, and while, If. wo extended our
' agreement over a groator portion than
■that,  we might * poritinue ,'to' receive
tho ,snmo amount,of, money \at' tho
same.time,that, would not represent,
nor does lt represent,'our actual wag-
'es, and, so, of "necessity wo must take
precaution against changeB that may
offoct us.     Tho'* particular   change
thnt. I refer to may bo change' In
tho cost of living and ln tho last an-
* nlyslB tluit ii, man can' purchase with
the money ho receives represents his
; nctual wages, and If that varies then
his actual wages vary.' If we aro tp
judgo anything from what has happened in tho past, If wo nro to judgo any-
thlngby tho particular law which wo
roallzo aro in oporntlon, wo can only
say that all appoaranco suggost that
tho cost oMIvlng will Incroaso In tho
futuro, Instoad of dooroaslng, and ao to
tlo ourselves down to wages judged
from thnt particular point of view
might possibly ond in disaster to our-
Bolvoa. I may stnto that posBlbly"tho
same argttmont should npply In tho
othor way nnd that, to our minds, Is
Btifflclont nrgiimont which wo should
not wish to extend tho.porlod of hgroo-
mont In oxcobs of thnt particular tlino.
In connoclIon with tho next mnttor
thnt linn eniiBod coiiBldornhlo dlfforonco-botwoon tho two organizations
thnt. aro now represented boforo you,
At tho joint mooting in Cnlgnry wo
wont ovor tho particular mnttor and
' It wi.b pointed out ou thnt ocrm*. on
thnt wo hnd nt that tlmo prnotl.cnlly
no per cont In our momborshlp. I
wnnt you to bo clear on this point and
understand thnt It does not rhohn BO
per cent of our momborshlp "was work
Ing undor n closod Bhop ngroemont, as
tho torm ia understood by both parties.
In this .nntnneo wo consider that If
wo relinquish that particular arrangement, Ihal wo Bhould bo ontltlod to
nomo consideration In return,. Wo
uxiiioatt a wiiiingiioss, uowever, to
renew ity? c_.ii__.t_- ihul dfAij' .»*.ih ilia,
particular mntlor, which hnvo been In
oxlstonco prior to the 31st of March
of this yoar, nnd to contlnuo this during the lifo of tho agreomont, that may
..,_    _*.."_ _"n_t_.   «U,     *i   a\*\.L*   1,<,\i   UOnU   _
cannot seo thnt either party would bo
lotting anything go which It had enjoyed and for that reason we consldor
that It -would bo nn equitable arrangement. I havo nol yet seen during
theso proceedings or during thn meeting In joint conference In Calgary,
whore it -was set out br claimed thnt
working undor the closed'shop arrange
mont with the Crows Nest Pass Coal
Company had worked any hardship
upon that,company, It hag not even
been claimed that It would upon aay or
the companies provided that tho ar
rangement was entered Into, but-the
statement' has .been made that on a
question of principle it could not be
agreed to, -and It __. the "question of
principle. entirely that "stands' in. the
way ' of anything of "that -, kind" being
effected. We have *" suggested from
time to time*that another clause may
be substituted; a clause that would
come into effect generally and which
would'not be-a-closed shop check-off
clause, Jn* case that were agreed to
then we have expressed bur willingness, from time to time with regard to
the preamble, stating [ that we were
not particularly concerned .with what
sort of a preamble might be attached
to the agreement. The check-off
clause .as stated is also given in the
bill or, particulars.' Relative to .day
wages'.rai^sM desire.to point out that
during the existence of District 18 of
the .United Mine Workers of America
there;have.been very few gains made
in that particular.respect. The day
wage7rate in"-* practically all of*the
camps,.has all.along been about tbe
same as'the'rates paid before the-employees; were organized. The except
tions that I make mention of are contained in-the agreement arrived-it in
1907, when the outside wages Vere advanced'5 per centj'ihslde wages in
one or two particular instances "were
also, advanced, these; may state'were
drivers, tail rope riders and hoist men,
who received ah advance of 25 cents
peT' day. . I repeat .that .apart, froni
these -few - particularv- instances, the
wages practically "remain "the same;
and taking, into'consideration the considerable increases that have occurred
during the past.six*or-seven years in
the various commodities that -we are
called upon'to, purchase,'-we ^consider
at this time that we" are entitled to
some" advance-on these "rates. , . In'addition* to', that _ may say^hat practically all over the American continent
wages haye';been;advanced .Very*considerably" during that time, and we believe, we are.only asking what.is,"due
-to-us,*ana7what-!t-is-rlght-and^pro.
per that we should have in this particular case. ,7     •'   *   > .-'"•', ': -
-,    * \ *"* "-"-       -       • **        '      o -  , ■'
' "With regard to contract rates, we
have' suggested several changes ■ lh
this respect, however, we have specified in our statement that'certain classes of work "shall not come under the
general'advance demanded.' In other
places," places that have been mentioned on* previous occasions, where
certain inequalities exist which require
to be rectified, we have also suggested
changes „to cover these * conditions.
In; -, connection with contrnct rates
generally I would like to point1 out
that , not only ■ does the same
argument apply as applies In dayrates
but that ln addition the development
of tho mlnos In southern Alberta and
Eastern British Columbia havo necessitated; In situation of, certain regulations tliat-certnlnly militate against
tho earning, capacity of tho mon employed. Wo have pointed out many
times that wo enter no objections to
sr.fety precautions being taken In our
mines. Wo realize tho groator necessity for precautions of this nature with
tbo lnoronslng development, in 'fnct,
w-5 oursolves Insist upon Bucih ■ ji'qc-ju-
lions, but ns-wo aro now discussing a
question of wngos lt must ho lorno
In mind thnt thoso ohnngos with i
view lo greater safety havo londod to
rcc'.ucc' tho,enrnln?3 ot tho men in a
great many liiBtancoB, and on account
of tho fact thnt tho earnings woro
based on "such molhods wo consldor
thnt wo' aro ontltlod to aomo consideration when changes of that naturo
nro mndo,
"One of tho pnrtlculnr changes I
rofor to is tho question of shot firing
It Ib n woll known fact tlinl in mnny
of tho camps when prices woro first
flxod tho minors woro blnBtlng tho
coal from the solid, nnd tho ohnngo
from thnt pnrtlculnr condition to tlmt
of mlnjng tho coal, nnd In many casos
to tlmt of ollmlnnllnii tho blasting of
conl ontlroly, has had considerable effect on tlio onrnlng cnpnolty of tlio
men, If nt tills tlmo wo wero to nsk
for sufflclont/ln tho wny of nn art-
vnnco to coyer only tlmt pnrtlatili-r
ci'iiiition. .m pdvnnco sufflclont to
Plnco us In the ft me position ns ve,
wore Bonio yonrfl ngo, wo would bo
aBklpg somothing which the publio
of this country might possibly think
exorbitant.- Those nro bunions thnt
wo oursolves expect to carry to somo
u***..,cut, us woll its iho opurutorH of lho
mines, but at tho samo time we naturally object to thc placing of the wholo
of tho burden on our sliouldors,    That
or longer than' they'' could 'possibly
wait around • until. ssom<.* decision is
arrived at. *__ For that reason we suggest some - "changedn- that ..particular
respect. .Again.-.we have certain objections to enter in-connection11 with
the. methods along,;these. lines,"' methods which', we' believe would* have
equally'satisfactory results on both
sides and with possibly a'little more
satisfaction in .the. methods of handling' them. ■ ", ■  -, '■'-.'*..■.;,," , .
. "Another matter covered by us. in
connection with: men losing time ow,*^
Ing to lack of material,I would like
to* draw your attention to the fact, Mr
Chalrma_0that-we have1 a clause In
the agreement whereby,'* employees
that lose time are subject to the penalty of. discharge for losing time :on
their own account, and if such a law
should operate against the employee,
we believe it is only fair that' similar
condition, should be imposed on the
companies. We are of the opinion
that if a man loses time^hrou'gh lack
of materials he should, to >,some extent.be compensated for tbe time lost,
and oh.the. other hand •. that the -companies working' under " that penalty
would attempt aB far as .possible' to
remedy, the- existing condItlon*Nof ^affairs, which results In loss of time to
the men. We believe, further, that the
adoption of such a.clause in the agreement would even eliminate- some' of.
the discrimination that has been complained bf; from time to time. An-
/other/ matter which we have taken
lip and .made special reference to is
the .question of working seven days
iri .the "week, particularly on Sundays.
We*.do,not consider, that any man
Bhould be calied upon to put*, in *the
whole of his'time at'.his work. In
that particular case , and I may say
it,is a) custom carried out"practicaliy
over the .whole of the continent, we
are"asking that those who are compelled to work on Sundays shall be compensated"'upon a regular'scale rate
for such work,-all the same we also
ask that Sunday' work shall be averted
as far- as possible.; There is still .one
other,.point we have to draw attention to in connection with the general
provisions,'and""that is in connection
with the coke oven "men. ■ In the evidence given-'.at -Fernie -and atCole-
man.it was'drawn • to vour attention
HOME BANK GAINS
t    MltilONDEPOSITS
Over Eleven Million  Total
Assets— Over Eight
/   Million Deposits.
1,636 SHAREHOLDERS
IN HOME BANK.
Annual^Meet'ng Held Yesterday— Old Directorate
Re-elected.
with regard to the disadvantage under
which those particular men are called
upon ,to work.' ',-.-*;,
.7'We have tried to bring in clauses
that'would to some extent eliminate
the grievances that thes men have and
we' have- also suggested some alterations in the rates"" paid to'them. In
making a comparison of the rates
paid ,bn coke oven' work in, District 18
and' the rates paid in Washington, I
may say there is "a considerable difference, and even with the advances
we have' suggested "these differences
are"still largely apparent, There Is
one particular class of work lh thla
connection to which wo have made
special reference, and,that ls the
charging of ovens In Washington; that
class of work is paid for over find
above tho drawing of tho ovens, and
I,may say incidentally that the draw-
Ing of ovenB ls paid for nt' a much
higher rate than In this district, For
that renson the rato on coko ovens
appearing ln our statement are larger
than they should In tho gonornl advance demanded. Anothor particular
mnttor to* whicli w'o doslro to* draw
your attention to Is tho dockage at
tho Alborta Railway nnd Irrigation*
Company's mlnos. You liave had substantial evidence In connoctlon' with
thnt mattor, nnd I bollovo tho board
realizes'that somo chnngo ln thnt direction, should bo mndo. Wo havo
Buggostod wliat wo consider,to bo an
oqul tablo dockngo clnuso to both the
men and tho company. ■ A point that
wo hnvo hnd considerable complaint
about, and wliich1* wo havo tried to
cover in tho general provlBlonn suggested, Ib tho question of tho mon being cnllod upon to enst their conl excessive dtstnncoB. Tlmt was shown In
Pornlo, nnd might hnvo boon demon-
Btrntod posBlbly to a groator oxtont In
Mlchol hnd wo desired to go fnrthor
In that particular lino of ovidoneo, Wo
hnvo fiiiggoBtod what wo consider
would bo n moans of eliminating Hint
pnrtlculnr class.
Flash—Wlroq down between  Banff
nnd Cnlgary, lino mny bo flxod soon,
particular doss
(The preceding portion of Mr.
Slubb's address waB publlshod In last
wooks' Lodgor, tho following portion
bolng doJnyod through a break In tho
wires botwoon Banff and Cnlgary.)
of thing ur fnr nn pnnnlhln wltli-
out Imposing any groat burden upon
tho compnny, Wo bollovo somo
ehangos nro necoHsary In regard to
thoso littlo matters which would ro
The Annual Meeting of the Home
Bank of Canada was'held yesterday
at -the Head Office," S King Street
West. There was a representative
gathering in attendance, including
shareholders' from the western" Provinces.     -       '
At a meeting of the Directors, held
subsequently 'to the Shareholders'
meeting, the former Board of Directors were elected to office :. President,
Mr. Eugene O'Keefe ; ' Vice-President, Mr". Thomas' Flynn ; s Messrs. .E.
G.1 Gooderham,' W. Parkyn Murray,
John , Kennedy, John Persse, Thomas
A. Crerar, Colonel James.Mason, Directors.   " '    * . '*•    ,
The Presldent,~Mr. Eugene 0'ke.efe,
"coupl<3d some personal' observations
with'his remarks 'accompanying the
business statement he had,to present
as* President of the Home' Bank-. He
referred to i'his long association with
the institution. -
;'Fifty-flve years ago he was a junior
clerk, at 78 Church'street, the present
."Church Street Branch" of the Home
Bank.'-; "I "am'an'.ld man now," said
Mr. .O'Keefe.' "Although I "am'84
years of ■ age,' I' am never "going to
grow too,old to outgrow* the habit of
cautiousness In banking." <
The '■ President's Address.   ,.
The *" President reviewed the situation, of the' past year:—"When we
had the pleasure of.meeting you a
year ago'I-stated in my remarks that
a circular, issued 'by the Northwest
Grain liealers'. Association, dated
June 7th, 1910,'showed the estimated
crop ^acreage of the three Provinces
to be in excess of that of the previous
year in wheat alone, by 1,350,000
acres ; ,that\reports then indicated an
excellent condition of the' growing
crops, and that everything- looked
•favorable for a big yield. I also added that more recent reports, however,
we're not so encouraging, as the.want
of rain and the excessive heat of the
previous few days had apparently
done considerable injury. The wheat
"crop, .I regret.to say, though large,
was disappointing, the yield being
very considerably below that at first
anticipated. .  •       > *    'i>
Large Wheat Acreage.
* "The- .circular of the .Northwest
Grain , Dealers' * Association pf date
June" 7th of the present year shows
an increase in acreage of wheat this
year over last year, almost identical
with the excess of last.year over the
previous year, viz., 1,335,000 acres,
the tota) acreage ln ^heat alone being
well up to ten millions. The, grand
acreage total of all grains, according
to this circular, in the three northwestern Provinces is over sixteen millions. The weather up to the present
tfme has been considered favorable,
and the circular which I am now
quoting states as follows :—;'Reports
indicate the best conditions ""of the
growing crops since 1896, but the, wet
weather has delayed* income localities
the completion of seeding of oats, barley and flax. The prospects are for a
bumper crop.' The ' information received since the publication of this
report regarding the weather conditions has been quite satisfactory.; lt
ls, therefore, only reasonable to look
forward to a * successful  harvest.
The   Bank   Out   West.
"Our paid-up capital Is now $1,264,-
000, besides-something over an additional HOO,000 subscribed for. The
total number of -Shareholders have
Increased from* 1,346 to 1,636, these
new' Shareholders,, being chiefly
Northwest farmers, * who' now number
some 983, thus keeping pace with the
Bank's operations in. that promising
field fpr its business. '
" ,"Our deposits have. Increased about
$1,000,000. Circulation shows a satisfactory' Increase. . Our "net promts,
are a little over 10 per cent, on the
average paid-up capital. We have
added-to.the. Rest $60,000, being the
amount required to keep up its proportion to the'.paid-up capital, viz..
33 1-3 per cent, and a balance of
$69,803.47 has been carried to Profit
and Tjoss" Account.".
- "New offices have, been opened In
four points. The total assets of t.e
Bank have .reached the sum of $11.-
054,869, an Increase of $1,3.50,000 for
the year. Appended to the ReDO'-t
which'you now have in your hni'ls is
a comparative statement, which. I
think, will' be , gratifying to you. rt
covers the operations of the Bank,
during the last five yars. and shows
a continuous and satisfactory Increase
in every, department." c
Comparative Statement.    " , '
.' A comparative statement, added to
the annual report, gave the figures
of - the Bank's . progress during the
past six years :—
Excursion
To Creston
<r
Date ;will be announced-  »
later—so watch for it.
■ . -, ■• Paid Up
,. ..-•r*'Capital
May, 1008■'■...$ 609,240
May, 1907 '.-.. - 848,270
May, 1908 ... '893,115
May, 1009... 1,000,958
May^lOlO ... 1,123,257*
Mayri9n7.T*-ri. 04.472"
Number of ..■"•• ■ •■-
Best Shareholders Circulation
$175,000 390"       $158,790'"'"
-,235,000       ,* 497*  ' -' 357,720   *
'297.705 502",,       548,228,
.   333,053 '889 625,506
375.000,--   . 1346 *. 743,770_.
"425,000 ~     1638"""^"" 879,985"
' Deposits,,
$3>16,280' '
4,705,342
4,891,897
5.864,505
-7,863,027^
""8,295,983—
Total Assetf
$ 4,805.15!''
0,313,1 _
0.734.00.**
7,.I17,1S?
0,"04,(nC
—"  li"*034";3*Kr
The statemeut'of'the results of business for the year ending 31st May,-1911, were ns
follows:— -     '• 7 ' - .   - "   • ' *   ->■..
]'"'",' ,     " PROFIT AND "LOSS ACCOUNT. >
.c»: : '.-."'*-'        ■■■-.'
Balance of Profit and Loss Account; 31st Ma.y.1910 ..''. ,.$ 28,203 54
Net"profits for'the year after deducting charges of Management, accrued Interest, full provision for bad and doubtful debts, and rebate of Interest
on unmatured bills  121,011 23
$150,144 77
,     <*,.'■•', CAPITAL PROFIT ACCOUNT.
Premlura'on Capital Stock received during the year  '. '._._ $40,138 74
Which has been appropriated ns follows:—
-»B.
Dividend No. 16, quarterly at rate of 6% per annum .,'.:  $16,066 80
Dividend No. 16, quarterly at rat* of 6%, per annum   17,277 71
Dividend No. 17, quarterly at rate of 6% per annum  „  17,003 14
Dividend No. 18, quarterly,at rate of 6% per annum-'  18,772 30
$190,283 5]
-$ 70,080 04
Transferred to Kent Account    50,000 00
Balnnce carried forward ; , ,    00,303 47
".   -"■ $190,283 51
. .    LIABILITIES.
To the Public—'     n '
Noten of the Banli in, circulation  , '.   $   870,083 00
Deposits not bearing interest $ 1,271,480 17
•   Deposits bonring interest ,    7,024,503 80
* ' *--——————   8 206 083 72
„ Balances duo other Banks ln Canada  ..■ ".,,     'lOO.OSO 07
To the Shareholder*.'                                                      * $ 0,^,040 39
■*   Capital  (Subscribed Ul.352.000.00).   Pold up ..." '....*..$ 1.264.472 72
m .„"_,"' ";■"','  420,00000
■    Dividends unclnlnxN]  (172 02    -
Dlvldond No, 38 (Quarterly), bolng nt the rnto of 0% per
nnijiim, i_i_y-il.il! Juno 1st, 1011 ;  18 772 30
and I.osr  * * ------
Prollt
Loss Account Carried Forwnrd
ASSISTS,
00,303 47
 -■—$ 1,778,220 00
$11,054,600 00
(Julil and Silver Coin  **. •     flfiTQRiQ
Dominion Government   Not4M ,   1,180.788 00
P0|>»-iit  ml'lt  Dominion flovornment    an nocurlty    for  Noto
LlrCIUIulOU   ....   ...   ...   ...   .,,   ,,,   ,,,    ,,,   ,.,     ,.   ,....  ka AAA An
Notes ut ami Cheques on othur Iliinlm ......  ..  anS'&S 22
ItnlniU't* dno fro*in other nnnkx In Cannda  : ...    '„  !_■■•_.■_■
Iliilunce. due from Ak«iiM In Orent Hrltuln	
Itiilancca duo from AgmitK In _-\) reign Countrlos      ........
Itnllwny. Munlclpnl and other Itondn  ' » '.'   <_!,___»,.__,__
Call I_onn« rwciueil by Stock*, DoniU mid Debenture.. ........ ...".'.'.T...; s.ItoImo 70
1,200,510 12
811,081 00
14,740 04
20,02. U7
Curront r.oan/i nnd Hills DUeoiinterl 	
I'.eidiio Uiibt*-** (uKtiiiiuled Ions iiiovlilt'd for) 	
Mortgages on ltonl ..Htnto sold by alio Bunk ,....
ij.uik I'i'oiiiiicR, Moron aud oillcc I*"ui-tiltur.   	
* 4,880,H-_!2-2«
Mi her Atmi.tii
Toronto, Slut Mny, mil,
 $ 0,1.10,1505 111
        40,05105
        11,380 03
       287,782 10
       '•_,«:",_ 02
 fl,5iU,f|f 73
5U.00MHS M
JAS1K8 MASON,
Menem! Uui|u,
suit In moro economical operations to
ifl ono of tho roaBotifl wo nro lUiklnB t tlio companion nnd bettor onnortimit!.**■■<
u*r an advance tn conlrnct rnto. In
addition to tho reasons already ntatod,
Ono of tho -matters wo havo tried to
covor, which is In connoctlon with tho
gonornl provlalons of tho agroomont.
thla l« tho quostion for nettling, (lis-
puton" Th. evldenc*) tliat hnn T>c-.n
brought boforo this board has shown
plainly, I pollovo. that maoy of theso
disputes have to bo -dropped. Many
of Uieni are not ovon carrlc. to tho
limit allowed by tho agreeme'rit, owlmr
to" the fact that the lime occuplod In
that way Is longer than the men on
the nverano ran xtnihrtnltii lo ntnixd,
tor tho men to earn tliolr wages. So
far as I poroonally am concornod, Mr.
Chairman, I think I havo practically
covered tho particular points to which
I doslro to draw your attention, thoiiRh
I would llko the opportunfty to bo
afforded to any of tho othor niomlMni
of our commltto who doslro to express
thcmuclve* iw tt>.thtt propoHlliona aub-
mlltod. There may possibly be some
mattors that I have overlooked and
whleh they themsolvoa may doslro to
speak upon. Howovor, I may say that
wo eoiuldfer on the whole we aro not
nafcfne for aaytWui. iu <_xu.__ of what
Mr., Thomas A, Urorar, Pr'oHlcloiit of tho Clraln Grownrs Coinimnv nlno
addrossod tlio Bhnrolioldon'at tho Homo Honk's Annnnl Mfi-ili""      '
lm illifnlll n-TO yn,,,_l ho ""J'1' "U^,V08 »*° vory Brent, plonaim* incln-ml to
bo prosont nt tho llrsUnniml moot (iik of tho Homo Hunk that 1 havo mil
KnnK1?*0. 0f ttM*'f'ft Tho mniiaKomnnUml thefslmroloU loiof Uw
SKI n,U' b" con»r,lItul« 0(I «I»n «>o oxcollont showing mndo for tlii ™" t
K2?Ilii?uriproBreH"Jm",l,00n 8,<"l<,y uw} WW™ woll for lho futuro
feffl-01'J1??*0 _h oPw'Mont'i romarks ns to tho nooomlty o "War Iiibtho
Intorosts of tho Bank's sharoholdors nnd rtopoMtors liy nxim*iJiti r <■ im* i ml
oauUon In conduct nK »« bualnoss.   This I il Ink yon w.H niroo w th no, Ins
}7,°u. iw? aro OBEocl'llly gJ"fl,to boo tho proRroHH mado. Tho Wost only vol
!™Ml^oy ofro«ft "PlondM flold for tl.oHUank'8 noUvl ,los. Porno mily I
would liko to soo tho capital of tho bank ..noraisod.    , otitoiiiihj i
^i^!t^jmSr&^T-V^^^^^^
l„ <_._._._._.* 11 III   ill     ,*'"-  l"*"   nmniii   ll L- UL.I iui, HI  Utn.lL iL hi li null
Jn that torritory wo will find warm supporters from tlin vovv «tnrt T forA
h-jUi cuH/KJoiit autioiMAtion that tho yonr wo havo Jimt ontorod urmn will
bring oven bettor rosult* thon tho ouo wo havo Just closed." '
wo nro ontltlod to nt this Hrnr* it\u\
Indeed that wo nro not asking Tor
moro than tho oporntors could grant.
If wo woro to ask for all that wo considered wo aro ontltled to thoro would
possibly bo somo reason to contlnuo
tho suspension of operations, but in
coi'sldcrlni. thc mallei* carefully wu
have tried, an fnr aa possible, to con-
Hdlur tliolk* sldo of tlii) agreement ns
well as our own." v  ,
Owing xo a slight indisposition, Mr,
Stockett, the Pr««tdcni of the Western
Conl Operators' Association was unfortunately confined to his room, and
tn his alM-anti. Mr. Whitesides mndo
t.ir> fnllnwlTii» fitntf*.n..i-nt  on htOiiXt <\t
tllO 0|K*rUtOI'H
"1 think our statomont from this
aldo Ib brief enough, Mr, Chairman,
and clear enough, and does not requlro
any particular ox-plnnatlon, and unless
thoro Is somothing about It thnt you
dou't understand, I think wo will conform with your wlshos nnd rr-frnln
from mnklng any further oxplnnntlon."
The Chnlrmnn expressed his gratification nt tho < onclsenoss of the state-
mmil mmlo by Mr. Stubbs, ond for
the very able manner In which the
nilnerfi had gone Into the proposition.
"I nm sure tho board will ngrco
Visiting the entire district.
See before you buy. * Write j
me for full particulars. ,
Dig- iii the gTolmfl^&r^a.
livelihood, you'll be under
soon enough!. Five acres
cultivated will prolong.life
arid provide "a competence
for old age.
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
, j    -   City, well located and water
Joe Grafton
Fernie
B. C.
• fM'
To send money anywhere iri Canada,,or tho United "
—Statusrtako™1'^™^^^
- Registration at tlie Post Office is riot then necessary.'
This is a safe method.   The Home Bank will give'you
a receipt for tho Money Order, which js a' guarantee
that the amount will be paid to the person, or firm, you
direct.   The Home Bank's rates for Money Orders are:
- - '."*..-**. '■       .    ,,.-*-,
To send less than |5 „   Set*.
"     overt 5. und notovcr$10 .-,  8  "■
*     ." "   »10.    '"    f)30 10   "',*''
It ..   ^   ..     ..     .<. ja, , ]5   „        ^
'.'     ■      . ' ,W
Head Office, Toronto
Branches and connections throughout Canada
JOHN ADAIR, Manager* Pernie
Capital   Paid   Up    ? 2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets  ■.... 40,000,000
Tlio nvorngo mnn or womnn Bcldom
.ilovelojiH tlio linblt of siivliif*; until n
SnvhiKR Account lias boon oponcd.
Tho imbsobhIoh of mie li nn nccouiiit
nets iih,un Incontlvo — your nnturnl
(IchIi'o lo hco tlio fund ri-ow oncour-
nROH thnt ton-lr-iiey to thrift ho iiccoh*
wnry to hiiccphh. No mnttor how little'
you cui) nfford to lny iihIiIo from tl'io
wookly wn(?n, oi»on n Siivlnus Accmint
In tho Hunk of Hamilton. '
Ws.
i'sy
* \rt
Head Office;
HAMILTON
with mo," ho i'omnrkoil, "nnd In tInflict thnt UiIh Btntomoiit will vory unit*
torliilly nli! uh In mtIvIiik ul tho flnnl
iiKfoomont tlmt will ho mado,."
Mr. Powoll oxproNuod IiIh iiiuiuuliridd
HUllsfnt'tlon nt tho ublo nnd Inlolll-
wont, mniinor In which Vlco-l'roHldont
Siulilis Iuul covored tlio Hltuniion, Ho
linn boon brief nnd ooiicIho." ho Hiiid,
"find for my part I lmvo nothing furth*
.• to Hny."
Tho moot Inn; of tho honrd with tlio
coniinlttooB wiih thon adjourned, nub*
Joct to tho cnll or tho clinlrmnn, Tlm
honrd KHolf roiitlnuod in hoshIoii for
jlill (IUM.I  0(   kiUHIK   OVtJl*   UlU   BtlltUIIUMIl
Hint hnd liecn HUbmittcd, This morn*
l«K Dr. Oordon met tlio miners committee In prlvnto conforonco, from
whicli It dncB not iippoitr tlioro wn« a
m-utciiu-iii oi ini* iiiHjiiim,
"MOTHER"JONE8
UROE8 SUPPORT
Plendt  With   Meade  et  United  Mlna
Workers In Behalf ef Irwin
btrlkers
INIilANOI'OMS, Juno S« — "Mothor" Jones Is In luillnnapolls plcadlnK
with (ha lifftds of llt«< HnltM Mlno
Workors to tttko n more arllvo Intur-
cm In the strike nt tho Irwin Dion In
I'oniiByH'imlfi. Sho hns H-u-tit hcvoihI
inontliH iiiiiouk Uioho stni|,'KllnK work*
ors, known tlio Krwit flKht thoy hnvo
put up, nud Ih iiuxIniiH Hint, tho nntlonnl oi'.imlziiilon Iniu- n moro vIk-
(m ohm hi mu I In (holr Hiipport,
"Ah n iohiiII. of tho offortH of tho
old wlillo linlrcd womnn who Iiiih
Hpent mom of hor lifo nmoni? tlio min*
nrn, tlin expciillvo hoard Indoi-Hi-d tho
Htrlko nnd plodRod continued Hiipport
to tho mnn, women nnd children who
!..**..>. i
,...,.        ..vt«»      t.lll.t,     tit     il.lt..*>    l/_.      |_,1*     ll,ll-
*-tiV«r.f We .-morcl-in-1 ''niin-f*-,' luctc-
thnn n yenr.'
Tlio bonrd provldod that a -,'enernl
meotinK tin held In the i-oRlon, nt
which n vote Ih to bo tnkon to n«cer-
lfll.1   If   ..   mnl.   .Hi,   ...   IX        .    I. t~   i'.
tho contlmmnce of the Htrlko. Tho
minors' orgnnlzutlon In spenddiR nbout
100,000 n month to support the fu milles
of tho strikers.
HEADACHE
Ib quickly cured by FIO P1LI.R. Tlio
Headache disappears after ono or two
doses. Thoy tono up tht/ ATOM AW!
■.nd ciiro CONSTIPATION.* At sll
doainrn, IT. pen.**. p*»r Imx, or The Fig
Pill Co., Bt. Thomas, Out.   ■ ■"N:***.
' *Wix;
t
-!■    ;
f 7
>:'
*?
.<
I*
e
*'.   *
_>',
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, TB, 0... JULY 8,, 1911.*
y'-jyf' '[$ '*:  _..--
-j-
-.-iv1"" "•■"'"
"fro *!.   ~
-   ■ j,_  , _
.       i'    *
*   * i-.'1'"  -,
"-      **         ._•
.!    ' ,      "r
; \ _■-.,■
.   .--- ,.  .     . .*
®lie Mzliivk £th$w
- * .   - -. '■ ■. t r
•• -       ' _,. *      -        jj * -*
-Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat 'Avenue, Fernie, B. ,C: .Subscription $1.00
per year'-in advance. An "excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. . Ad*-
, ve'rtising rates oa application. Up-to-date facilities
for the,execution of,all kinds.of book, job and
. color work.   Mail- orders receive special * attention.
, **  V*- ■ ■ ' •
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
-      ,, J..W. BENNETT, Editor
Telephone No. 48.,   '..        Postoffice Box No. 380
_^__5fSr _cs!__
'■■Bunion ^-^l abc V •
THE CONCILIATION.BOARD
■**"pIlE deliberations of tins body are ended,, aud
' *    -we  l'uay ask  ourselves * in all  seriousness—
*    "What hns'it accomplished? ■     *   '
.,  We leave .the answer to our readers.    , '.   *
^ ' Charles Reade; an English author wrote a very
interesting novel, entitled ".Put Yourself in His
Place.!' .. The theme of the .work centres around
an industrial dispute "in'the'saw grinding trade in
Sheffield that happened in the early sixties in that
well known city of,.whittles and wheel swarf... "
One of the principal characters of philosophical
bent always applied the principle furbished by the'
title and we will endeavor to follow his example
in dealing Avith the existing controversy.', We will
,.*_ commence with the men" who "are engaged in' thc
production of. coal~   *,
Their occupation is a dangerous one this none can
deny;     There* is a constant increase in the cost of
* living; this 'is ,also admitted. The majority, of
these men live fi;oni necessity, not from choice,' on
"the ragged-edge of subsistence. Their standard
of living is by no .means high, because of the keen
"competition for jobs' and' the meagre nyages obtained in-the main, .compel, them to'demand more
.if they do'not' ,wish-tov,be pushed farther down in
the social scale.   They liave .hopes and*aspirations'
- .like-every other human being.- . .They * prefer to
live'in decent houses, eat good food,* enjoy some of
the normal pleasures of "'life'and see their children
well clad and* educated. ,. . 7
a, Ts there anyone, unless the milk of l\ini.an kindness is eQmp_£td>i^oui,ef1JTi_t,hMr_*nialre-up^\vlio-be -
grudges them this? As a matter of fact, the mine-
worker does not,care whether it, is begrudged or
not. he is determined to make an effort to prevent
any lowering of his standard, and so he joins with
his fellows, compelled by force of circumstances to
■ realize that, as a solitary individual he is-powerless.
His representatives have described the conditions
.under which he works; the chairman visited some
of the "camps and snw the dwellings called "home,"
and the .unhealthy surroundings in many places he
, delivered himself nsyn advocate for such condi-
• * tions "ns would make for a better manhood'and wo
manhood, but did "not throw any light as to how
it was to be obtained: neither should it be expected
of him. because lo appreciate Ihe'situalion' he would
' liave to como more closely into contact with thc
active pursuit of mining.' '     "  .     .■   , -
1 The miners/-position is in brief: Dangerous,,his
wages low and with'the cost of living increasing
it. is-ever a source of anxiety* how to.make ends
meet. He asks for more; is refused and goes on
strike in order to try to force his demands.-v
' "Foolish platf!" exckims;t_e\6utsider./': *So it'is
we'll grant, and yet experience-has'taught, him that
no "concessions are made without a struggle.
,t Now let'us look at* the operators' side of the
question. '-, .   •     *    ,/,--" v   -,,
TJhey have supplied the necessary capital by tlie
sale of stock to prosecute the work.-. -The capitalization is invariably much higher than the inventory
value,, so that if capitalized at a figure, five times
the .actual'value'those who get-in-on* the ground
floor, if profitable at all, get the lion's share of the
revenue. \\Vwill defer any-further remarks on
this phase.      '' *      ' , '    •
;T}ie, operators'are in the coal'mining industry to
produce profit from the sale of the commodity in
the'-first place, to do this .thejymust find purchasers
for Us consumption. To do this, that is obtain pro
i'i I. thc "cost O'i production must be reduced to t!ie,
nriniuTum. not because they like to butbecau.se they
must.
Their interest in the,individuals whom they employ is in their capacity to be profit makers.- Any
increased demand these wage earners make is an
attack upon their vulnerable point which must, be
resisted ,to the last extremity. . flenee there is and
must continue to be conflict of interest between em
ployer.and employe just so long as this state of
affairs,endures,   z   *    • '  , '     .
- This is" the explanation of the struggles wliich ar
going on at the present time the wide world over
and which are destined to" increase as time-goes
on and capitalism develops."'  This cannot be clim*
inated by old age pensions, thrift "or any of' the
laosajd oi{; jo sisiSojodt. 0-q-j jo's^'notpodxo d*c.i^ di'i*-
regime.        ;     ."      •• .. {
The public, and by the public-we mean' , not
either the mineworkers or dividend takers.,'they
need coal whether the miner lives in a Novel,, works
in a" gassy mine,' or the operators'obtain .profit is
with them a secondary, consideration, it is coal
they -require, so they naturally clamor for its production willy nilly" and grumble about the'price
they pay for it. . When they get wisdom enough to
grasp the accuracy, of the assertion that suffering
must ensure until those things that are collectively
used are collectively owned.-tli'ey will, join with
others who-do realize* this-in'changing the, existing order, but so long' as they are parties to the retention of things collectively 'used' by individual
control they have no genuine ground for complaint.
These lessons'are but leaves from the book 'of ex-'
perienee. "the most potent educator known to'history,' and the more they. are(istudied "the more con-
_/___lll01*I**'_ft_*'__Cl__lMl __■•_. f iin -fl-t—i K _.tin*__-U"^*'fc_ _~_ _!,-... J ,^ T-t-,1--	
> ' -     *_ v ■*■•■ *
ui the methods of. production and distribution alone
will solve .the" problem. '7 ".    . -
**      *   . * ,
The proposed basis of agreement as summarize...
by 'the chairman is as follows: *
.    1. Advance in day wages of 10 per cent on wa«;c-s
below $3.00, 8 per cent from $'3.00 to $3.50 .and 5
per cent for .ales, above the last figure.-
2. Di.iorcjjlifll in pillars of 5 cc-nts to 7-cenl.,
according to conditions. Application left lo arbitration.
3. Contract rates to remain unchanged generally.
4.' Advance in contract rate of'1 3* por cent at
Lethbridge.- .._",*,'
5. Readjustment n't Lillo by making rate propor-.
tionate lo senm. ■     ,..   '   '
. All othor matters in agreement to be disposed
of ns the board shall direct,    • ' - -    -
,#<,*
i. _*■.-
-.-
**. -', ",**,' V*"' "'
-' *'?, .-*  >y\ i
•>,*•,
The Shortest Route to the Coast
_
Changes
Only to the
Atlantic V
Observation 7^}■'*.
Compartment, and!;:
Standard Tourist
.    Sleepers
FIRST  CLASS   COACHES
Train leaves Fernie at ,1:30 daily,. ex. Sunday
Phone No. 161
Special Saturday rate Fernie to Elko, 85c, good returning; Monday
EBSBE—Bl
******^**-Ar^-********:Wr**;*--.
•*•.***, *
I Letters To        *
$-. .- -     ■? ■  ,--   ■  - ■-. *
j       The Editor $
t '   ■."-"■      - ,<■    *
**************************
The editor is   riot,   responsible for.
articles that are sent in.
-,    . ■    y ..... y'l •    . Coleman,
"   -'       * .'/ * July.5th, "1911.
To the Editor,"District Ledger:—
Dear. Sir,—Would you kindly-inform
me through the medium of .your valuable paper as to the'la'ws for'the carrying of-guns, fishing tackle* or an axe
throiigh the woods and .mountains of
Canada?        7    „-'-,_ *. * ^
A "fishing party left this town for
the North Fork" of the Old Man River,
and on the way_ they met the fire
warden and game .warden of this district who asked,, them where they were
going .and had they licences for-the
gun (which they'- carried -for protection) and for fishing. On being told
that they^* did not need a licence he
told them-that, as-a fire and game
warden .he demanded *- a licence, and
that he could confiscate all their tackle even to an'axe.if they carried one.
__y.o_w_._Mr. Editor, it seems to me" that
BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA
By Ernest So'ton"Thompson niul Llout.-
fien. Sir,Robt. S. S. Badon-Powell
I'ngo 15. Cycling—Tlio scout must
Blgn a certificate that lie owns n blcy-
cio In good" working ordor, which lio Is
willing io uho for tho govornmont in
wine of emergency; such iib national
defence, carry despatches, etc,
Pago' 32. Tho ' Scout Law—2, A
nooiit Ib loynl to tho President, nnd IiIb
offlcoi-H, and to IiIb pnrontB, his country
and IiIb omployorn,
. 7. A scout obeys tlio ordoi'8 of IiIh
parents, patrol londor or scout mnstor
without a question, ovon If lio getB an
order that ho doos not llko, ho must
ilo us soldlorH mul sailors do—ho must
carry It, out all tho samo; bocnuso It
Is Ills duty. And nftor lio lias dono It
lio cnn como iuul stato Ids reasons
iiBiiInst It; but ho must curry out
llio ordor nt onco,    That Is discipline.
I'ngo 3fi. Tho Unomployod.—Ono
sIrii of tho dlsoiiso (which wan nlso ono
of tlio slims df tlio docny of Romo bo*'
foro her rail) In tlio hordo of unemployed loadlnK miserable -wastod IIvoh in
nil parts of tlio country—the gront
army -of drones In our hivo.' It Is no
lonn-nr a moro temporary oxcrosconco,
but n growing tumor prognn.it with
ovll for tho nation. The people having
never been taught to look nfter them*
;telvet, or to think of the future or
their country, oood mtow themielvee
pjv.fr of a few profe-Ml-in***.! n-jltMor*^,
•wlioio living (loponds on ngUnMnx
whothor it Ib ncodod or not, nnd blind*
nro luxuries nnd n mnttor of habit,
there would be ,C180,000,000 nvnllnblo
for tho bonefil of thoir fnmillos in tho
year. ".
' Pngo 12. How lo catch our boys.--
If you bait, your hook with Mho kind
of food Unit you llko yourself lt Is
prohnhlo you will not, catch many,
cortnlnly not tho shy game kind of
fish, You thoroforo uso ns tlio bait
tlio food tho fish llltos. , So with tho
noys,   ■        '
HIOH-WATER MARK
OF EMIGRATION
Great   Britain,  Reaches   the   Danger
Point—80 per cent tc the Colonlei
4i*»gi. e i'i-
Vor lho four itiont'nr-, of the -pre-
Rnnt yonr thero wnB nn Increase over
tho corrospondlng porlod of 1910 of
oil by tho talk of thoso thoy spurn tho j 23,000, or 20 per cent., and tho Rmplr.
lmnd vhleh provides Uio monoy till hnd tnkon tho wholo of that Incroaso,
Mr llu ins, during tho discussion on
emigration at tho Imporlnl Conforonco,
declared thnl tbo total emigrants from
Oroat llrltnln to nil countries this yoar
would amount to 300,000, of whom It
wns ostlmntod 230,000, or nearly 80
por cont., would go to dlfforont parte
of tlio TSmplro.
Tho subjoct of omlgrnllon wns ralsod
by Mr. Flshor (Auntrnlla) who moved
to ronfflrm the resolution on tho sub*
Joel pnssoil In 1007.
Mr. nurnn, who replied, said that ln
moc tlio total numbor of emlgranta
from tlio Mother-country was 104,(171,
of whom tho dlfforont pnrts of tlio
Umpire took 105,178, or TA per cent,
fn 1010 the numbers wnro 2nn,D*M nnd
150,000 |j rospoctlvoly, showing 08 por
, r ■ I   <      it       t'!
v.....      _V    ,,.\a    Iaa.
1bt*'t l.nvn torrod tX\o otnnlr.ypr'i in
•pond foitiint'H either In dovlslng mnchlnory that will take thoir place, nnd
will not go on Htrlko, or In getting
forolgn labor, or Sn removing their
bilRlnoss to other countrlon, leaving
tho agitators fat but (lie nuts* or tliolr
f .lowmon doliidovt and sttirving nnd
unflbl*f» to provMo for the crowd* of
children which they still contlnuo lm-
providently lo bring Into the world,
Page 36. Plenty of Opf-ntags. but
fow nr-n unfitted for tbem. John Hume
lias emphasized the latter point. If
the mon would be thrifty and glvo
tip be*r and lolm-w., which alter all
*l ..ati'i'l!*'.    nr,,*   V**..!'   n*/.*iln«,1   X...X    ..
colvod 10.000 moro In tho first four
months of 1911 thnn In tlio slmllnr
porlod of 1010, or 133 por cent Increase.
If the rnto of Increase for the first
four months woro continued for tlio
whole of 1011 tho total emigrants from
by a lowor dontli-rnte nnd a much low-
eMnfnnt 'mortality, this emigration
would bo a very heavy drain an tho
Unitod Kingdom. In ton yonrs Scotland nnd Ireland combined had Increased their population by 210,000 or less
than'tho totnl emigration from Groat
Britain for ono yonr (1910). 'with n
diminishing blrtlj-rato the Mother-
country could not snfoly go boyond 300,
000 n yonr, and If 80 per cont of,thono
wont to dlfforont parts of the Empire,
tho conforonco would probably agroo
thnt this wiib as much aB tlioy could
ronsonnbly require.
Tho Dominions woro ontltlod to lmvo
tho surplus, but thoy must not diminish
tho h«oi1 plot, Thoy could absorb tho
ovorflow but thoy must not*empty tlio
tnnk.
Sir Wilfrid Laulror (Canada) snld
thnt Mr. Burns' stntomont npponrod lo
hlm to bo quito satisfactory,
Sir .ToRoph Ward (Now Zealand) snld
that If thoy In tho Dominions woro
getting 80 por cent of tho 300,000 British emigrants It npponrod to him tlmt
It wns iw much as thoy could roauon-
nbly expect.
Mr. Burns remarked that whatever
thoy might do In thin mntlor, crowded
emigrant slips woro no componsntlnn
for empty crndles In nny pnrt of tho
British Empire
Tho following resolution wns after-
wnrds adoptod nftor discussion i—
"That In order to socuro Justlco and
protection for wlvos nnd chlldron who
have boon dpi*. Hod hv tbnlr lor.!
guardlnna olthor In tho United Kingdom or In any of tho Dominions, reciprocal legal provisions should bo
adopted in the constituent parts of tlio
Kmplro In the Interests of such destitute and doiior'od persons.'
The conforonco then adjourned—
London Dnlly Express.
8t*ti et Okm, pitt or Tou-*-*,.
.   LVCM OOUMT. {»••
Mriner ol th* Ann or V. t. (.-t'm _k Co.. (Joint
UtHnm itt lhe «.„ n.  Tnlr-ft,-. m..nfy uwl HUM
Urcnt UrliaJn to all countries would] VvV^^iwPinif1?1*^^..V_ _,u t«F itw aum ot
nmount to 300,000, or whom It wns os-l **jr 5? c*!*!!!!__ .,.*.*,".*..0»*'''"t *♦ «»« n» i"° ■_• 51
tinmte-l 230,000, or-nearly 80 oor ■onl.,
would go tn different parts of the Km-
p!rt*-« generous contribution In quantity and -riiiallty from thi» Moth _r-coun-
try.
Saving of Life
Mut for tht* saving of Iff. *repn-s-»nt*«d
(Uu.** .#*-iHJHI ClUK.
_ ,_. rn*NK i, t7ii:NKY.
Aran- M Mora n« Mr] mWrlbwl m mr vttantt.
OK (th ear ««IX«inh»r. A. l>"im" Vfvm™'
I*—**— i A.W.OLEAMIM.
-J a*ifc {■ tinner Ptnufl.
US'_£'?.?_.'_ __■_,,,",'•' totmiiir aiKl.trw
<itt**tly etoiMim U^a'wJiaiitaM'ii&ame^'ima
t tor tn.lli.in nu. tnr.
, ,,,     ., n      Y'J' r»»:*<KV * CO, tiitAe, o.
T»u um* rmUf nn* d>r,i'i>itup«tk*.
some people around here thiiik that
no other person should be at large
* _   ' - ■.
except when, labelled, so I hope if there
is such a law in force to-day in Canada
you will klndlyquote itW the guidance
of the poor worker.
'    " '   *. -'   Yours truly,
. . '■    ' "   "■ "•"   ': '   A"MINER
(Ed.—We should bo,much obliged if
our'correspondent would furnish us
with the name of this Individual who
"dressed in'a .littlo-brief authority'"
imagines "himself to be a guardian of
forest and field. Wo know of no" law
in Canada that compels a man to lmvo
a licence to carry a,gun or fishing
tackle. Of course, thero nro laws for
tho protection of fish',:nnd gnmo,during cortnln periods of tho yoar furthermore a non-ro'sldont. of the province
must obtain a llcon'co' before ho is
allowed to carry nwny olther fish'or
gamo, Tliere Is also n regulation prohibiting the dischnrgo"of'flro arms on
Sunday In tho Provlnco of Albertn.
Wo would suggest thnt whenever accosted by thoso who stnto thnt thoy
aro government officials thnt thoy bo
nskod to,produco a-copy of tho statutes
nn ovidoneo of tho fact that they aro
whal, thoy roprosont thomsolvos to bo.)
of a certain mine where miners cannot
possibly s make three - dollars' a" day
even if powder was provided free of
charge. To me, at least. It-would be
enough to,,condemn modern society as
"hardly an advance 'on slavery and
serfdom if the permanent condition of
industry, .were to * bo -that which' we
behold—that 90'per cent of tho actual
producers., of; wealth ■ have no, home
that they can .call. their own' or so
much as"a room that belongs to them,
have nothing of value of'any kind except as much old furniture as will go
in a cart; liave the-precarious chance
of monthly' wages, which barely suffice
to keep them,in health; are housed for
the most, part-iu places that'-no man
thinks fit for his horse, and are separated'by so narrow a. margin from
destitution that a month of bad trade
or sickness,'' or unexpected loss, brings
them .fafie to face with hunger "and
pauperism. This'is the normal state
of*the average workman in this"Crow's
Nest Pass;. ,Now. if• any sane man
can show, tlie" miners of this district
one instance where justice has been
meted", out to them I shall -be greatly
obliged. **V .   ' *    .'     .    ,J '.-!■*.
Hoping that every man in the future
as: in-the past>be true to ■■ his' fellow
workman,' I thank you for past favors,
and' remain,,' •   -      .   1
-■    *•* -      , ■
\ -   ; , Yours respectfully,     '- ■ k ■    "
-'-"'7'    '." "-'.'     ■    TAFFY & EVERTON
-ITALIAN !M SCHOOLS        7".
Mlohol, n. C.
'    nth July, ion
To tho Kditor, District Lodger:—
Door Slr,--Durlng tho Inst twio
months n gront deal' of Idlo talk has
provnllod, covering tho wholo Dominion
of Canada, with regardb to tho Conciliation Bonrd. Everybody outsldo
lho minors hnvo been anxiously watting llio outcome of tho huge joko, But
tho decision of Hint nuthorltattlvo body
has boon promulgated \o tlio so-called
public. Ah this bonrd wbb ndvooatod
by thnt body, In my opinion, It's n
blamo slinmo that socallod. public
oould not visit somo of lho mlnou In tho
Crow's Nost Pass nnd see for thorn*
uolvoa the condition! under which the
miner has to fight for nn oxlBtenco,
Tho most Ignorant of ub know that
wo aro not ollglblo and Intelligent enough to hold n position ovon In a
ohnlr nl. twenty dollars a day, wllhout
mentioning threo to four thousand dol*
jars a year salary. Hut if tho oppor-
tunlly In,,} {mvii nit-tin to a cJa*-*-a>ii-
sclous working man tho result and the
decision would have b<*«t plae«d tx*--
foro tho public by an experienced nnd
prticllon! Indlvldunl. r-jprsonnlly apeak-
CuA kv'ft _.u_ d 'ftijiiiirt. lifcivi, _H_j.,u.Vl*li»J .irt-
tlCO does not condemn a mnn beforo
ho Is proven guilty. In thin caao wo
are condomned wltliout being glvon ti
trial.
If tho bonrd intended to make a
thnroiiffh lnv.-i.llu_jf.mt why not _rtvo
tho public the excuse for not visiting
the iriln*"-. nt Mlf-hit? Sxtd fort he"*
rnoru, why tho proceedings transacted
were not published to tho minora' da-
pendonts-tho public? It eeema to
m« that tho deoialon of tho board
aa a wholo p_r<*.y Idiotic one, IVr_«*a*__
through et-vrlnn-fc* 1 onn inform yf-rt
aa far as cont-rict minera ia concerned I
To tlie, Editor," District.Ledger:—'  "'
. Dear Sir,—Kindly allow me a little
space in your valuable paper to voice
my opinion -. of the above subject,-
It- is. now' vacation time at schools,
therefore,'it is.the proper,timo to discuss the ways and means of educating
our children in futuro.. I. am an Italian, and naturally, would, like, to see
trymen are not taught to read * and writ©
the mother tongue. In tho,great Industrial whirl men and women of all
nationalities i nre brought into contact,
with one another,' and therefore many
of their former habits, 'customs and institutions have lo bo surrendered. But
language seems to*be ari,Imperishable
horitngo. Does,modern civilization
domnnd the forfeiture of my native ton-
guo? •' Does,it.also"domnnd my Identity ns an Italian to bo forfeited? My
chlldron nnd the children of my countrymen aro not' taught o read nnd write
Ihe Inngungo of their mothers and
fntliors., An lllltorate - democracy ls
tho danger of a nation's' wolfnro, The
present systom of touching children,
especially to thoso of forolgn oxtrn'c
tlon Is confusing In tho oxtromo. What
tho littlo child, is taught In school cnn
not ho repeated to the parents nt homo
bocauso thoy ennnot understand nnd do
not sympnthlzo, I hnvo no kick ngalnst
English,being taught to my children
Engllsli Is a honutiful Inngungo, and Its
lltoraturo is glorious nnd grnnd. Moro-
ovor, It being tho commercial language of Cnnndn a knowledge of English
Is Indispensable. But Italian lo equal-
ly as beautiful nnd must bo surpassingly bo to mo nnd my countrymen. To
tonch my chlldron tho Btory of tliolr
nntlonnl strugglo for froedom nnd to
bocomo ocqunlntod with Its literature,
both classic- nnd modern, *.s what I
Advocato.
I appeal to tho trustoos of our public
olomontnry schools to consldor this
mnttor, nnd dovlsb spmo monns of Introducing Itnllnn In tho curriculum of
tho schools, ,Tho result will bo gratifying to tho chlldron and a swoot
satisfaction ton largo numbor of rnto*
payors,
Yours, etc.,
POIt FAIRNESS AND PROCESS
" ' J )■ _
. ■■■"■•" / ;;.
yYy ifJjGgjg. M-ER£Egg#
•'.J- *■;^"5IR-_DMUND WALK_!^6.\_b.;£(_D.^ ''"
■-. " .v:;.-.;V*;:''^7;V^^ \*K *7*y*. ,
\f vi
*;,-*>*--
*; THE SAYINQS^A
; of The -Canadian 'Bank"of;Cdmmercie;wili'.'receive, deposits" of $i, and
upwards, on which interest is .allowed _at current rates. :There^ is/no
..idelay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the deposit,  ..Small.:
.deposits are*welcomedy:''*'"<-'-'71 -. ' ' 7 yJ'y-'f-'Y''- -"'7''';"':., Jii;v'-','" •' 234 -
. .'Accounts may be.opened in the names of two~Qr more persons, to,be
operated by any one of,the number or by. the survivor.; A joint accotmt r
' of this kind saves "expensfc in* establishing the ownership of ■ the money
.after death, and is especially usefulwhen a man desires to provide for ,
--^his| wife*}or forpothers depending;upon him, in the event of his death. /";
FERNIE BRANCH.  Y.{'-?'J'''- Y. ~'       ". * .*-•' A..'$. DACK,*"Manager...
r -...fl
STQVESI STQVE§! -1
Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal   :
or Wood Burners, and       "
_."■/'. Wood-'- Burners   ->' '"!'," "
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J.M.  AGIMEW &CO, ELKO \
* >'     'V
v: ■    '."' ^
ir*: '§
„
■ ri
IF YOU WANT TH E BEST
And  Nothing: but the Best in Fresh     :
and    Smoked    Meats.    Fresh    and
Smoked Fish,,Dairy Produce!) Poultry ,
•    Etc.   Etc., go to w';-      -'.-••      Y: -a '-'*•
I    '    • *,     ,v       '      -    ft"   "-,      _.„•   'yl . ' -. '■*
THE 41    MARKET CO.
,SAM GRAHAM,-Manager ^     i   ;■ .    J~ PHONE 41
*;    -M
CyEyLYOM
A
- -.__,.- •->•-• *;..
*%-<a**-r>e . .'V,,'■".',
i-t, , yj y-.-c
to Loan On first class1 Business anci Residential property ;:
^r
"tl
• JPLOV__l«
Hotel
Stanley St  -  Nelson
But Family and Worklno man't.,
Hotnl in City; nkely furnUhed
roomi with Bath,     Dcdi, BOo.
oach. meals, 55c.
_
A Union House
Prop, i. 8, BAnRATT
Electric Lighted'   ,    '    7 ' ■',   "   " Steam Heated
* ' CENTRALLY LOCATED\       •/
The Waldorf Hotel
■'    FERNIE, ,B.C.
'i , ,,  * .
. First Class Accommodation for Travellers
1    MRS. 8. JENNINQ8, PROPRIETRE88
Hot and Cold Water l. A. Mills, Manager
Now is the Accepted Time
Preserving Kettles
5 Quarti, Pearl ,....$ .45 eaoh
6 Quarti, Pearl 50 each
i* Quarts, Pearl : 60 each
10 Quarti, Pearl 75 eaoh
12 Quarts, Pearl 65 eaoh
,14 Quarts, Pearl  1.00'eaoh
18 Quarts, Pearl  1.25 eaoh
24 Quarti, Pearl  1.60 each
30 Quarts, Pearl 2,00 each
Hardware J.  D.   QUAIL   Furniture
*-& «___£___
IN ADVERTI8INO-
•l and good business
bUtiionbiy hi, iiuvttitittUjg—
it's not so muoh tho tasto
of tho man producing tho
mattor, as tho consideration of what will appeal
to tho pooplo he desires
to roach. 8til, you your-
,.8-aI. will flndak.cn, personal satisfaction in using
ood papor and printing.
we »How you iample» ? *,
good
M*y
THE DISTRICT LEDGER FOR OOOD WORK
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THE DISTRICT. LEDGER,. PERNIE,  B,,C.,,.UI.Y 8, 1911..
/•   * PAGE ' FIVE
■«7*
*******'*********f*******4****'ii*it***'if*w
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l> _
: ♦.♦„'♦ ♦-♦;*♦'♦■♦" ♦■«►♦♦
•   y 1* <*_ ' '     r '    ** i   * #
♦,-"■". ' .7. , --■■'.. -7 .•■7,.n .♦
♦/ - HOSMER, NOTES;', .7 '♦.
♦   ~\,' '       By "Krltik."   ' '   ♦
^yyyyyjr :.;,,7. ;._._.?;♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'•«_ .♦'♦ ♦ ♦,♦'♦ ■<♦■ _>
- i The following, officers" "have been
elected..by.'-North* Star, _odge.-No.-Hl
" Kiilghts .of ' Pythias-1 for the ■' ensuing
" term: . -., *7       * " f   ,   ,'      <"■    .   .' •'
'J'crc.^r-mi.'tz^-'''•'•'•'' y" ■*•
r.'V. C.—J. i.^Donnachie.     '       y-
'''fPrel—Wm.','Whiter* ...   •-   '     .'"■
- »r of F—A. L.*; Por tier.1 ..,!",
- '.K.R. and.S.—W. Balderstoiie. .
■D-of P.—A.*;__ Portler, ". ', ,tj
\ M. of E.—R.: W.' Rogers.   -...
'   'ui at A,—W. Dalllng, .   ' , '."
*I. ,.G.—C. Stowe..;;: :, .   '*.-.,. /,'"
•0. G.-7E.-Noddle. a 7      '  .
,' Mr. and ,Mrs. E-iwards anil Mr. and
Mrs Rogers and children journeyejj. to
Elko on,tlio Ist.and enjoyed.the siiorts
there. „ ,- ' ,' ' " ,
. Mr'.' Mc" I_r"Pletchei*: made a business trip 'to, Crows Nest Friday last,
7 On Tuesday "evening-a/ number,',of
Odd Fellows from Fernie .visited,Maple
Leaf Lodge-No.  53* and'assisted  at
- the installation of the new officers for
-the ensuing term, .-After regular,busi-
, ness had; beeiij'gone through, several
of the "prominent ladies appeared on
"the  scene,  putting on  the' finishing
touches' by way of cake, .sandwiches,
-coffee and1 ice cream!,' *'* The visiting
brothers broke away about 12 o'clock
' well'satisfied -with the gathering- ■ ,*.
■A;. B. Campbell, our druggist, has
•opened up ,ico cream parlors'", and if
tlie.'indications so:far are,any guide
of-the business-to be expected when
the, real hot clays' are /..here, it will
■compef A. B. to engage a bevy of pretty
maidens  to.'attend  to  the numerous
patrons. ' ,        ;''''        ■,;'.
", Miss Agnes' Gourlay-lefj" Friday last
•for, "a two weeks',,,-visit to'her sister,
Mrs. Collins, at Pincher Station.
-7Friday last closing exercises-were
held at' the public school and' greatly
enjoyed by-everybne- who   attended,
After the opening address "was delivered, by the chairmaii, Rev..Wilson,   the
following', program, .rendered' by  the
'"children," furnished  a _veryVpleas_i_
, ■'half day's'entertainment. .' '  .>-,*-"
'.', Speech of welcome, Florence.Miller;
;_chorus, German Band;'recitation, See
'■the Frog, Sybil McMeekin; duet, Try,"
Again', Florence". Anderson
L_ura Labelle; " recitation, .-Six
", The Opera-House'on*Friday last.was
the,scene 'of 'a' very enjoyable gathering," when about '22 =, couples whirled
about the hall oh" the' light fantastic
to. the, dulcet .strains of. splerididrniu-
sic furnished by the Hosmer Orchestra.
Jiist as' to-day "merged- ijitd rt6-morrow,"'
icV cream cake was served and- these
demolished,dancing-was resumed arid
continu'ed-,until 2 a.m.- -.- :' '-*.•' , > ,
. Mrs.' McMeekin attended. \the ball
given by the;Tenriic Club,at Blairmore
Friday .night, making a rapid call at
Hillcrest .on July 1st and taking: in
the sports at„Bellevue the same day.
The. following officers were .elected
by-Hosmer Local Union 2497: President—J. A. Tupper; Vice-President—
Win. Rankin; Financial Secretary, W.
Balderstone; Recording Secretary—W.
Dalling; Treasurer^—J. Bright.
♦ -.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦''♦ ♦ ♦
O -.      ( . -,        ~^-.   *;
♦7   ,',    '.CORBIN NOTES'
•*•     "'        By ."Sweet 16.".,
i'" .'
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•<► ♦.♦
'-.■Messrs'. D.* C. Corbin arid E, J. Ro-
berts' arrived in camp on.Sunday night.
They visited the big showing on Monday and• pulled out tliat night." ,
.W. -G.us Smith returned*, on Tuesday
night -from; tlieSoperators':,me'eting-'at
Ba'nff.'"«. 7 ', ,--     '■ *
.The, hydraulic machinery, having
been installed at the big showing, the
water was turned on and is doing great
work* towards uncovering . the big
seam.-Everybody seems satisfied ex-
.ept our versatile, beer-agent, R. E.
Nalty, who considers*ihe- water .power
might be betteer directed. Perhaps,
Reggie; but we wondei- when you became an authority on water? \Nuff
sed! ',_•.,.* ■. *•
, Jack Dwyer'returned on Monday after a long" stay in Spokane. Jack is a
base baller'froin way .acl-:, and is mak-,
ing. his presence felt already. • *
' Martin'McGarry'.went to Lethbridge
for a few days this'week,... ' '  , ,'■<
Dick Jones pulled out-tor.Kamlpop's
Sanatorium on Tuesday: His friends
earnestly "hope the stay, there -will restore'his health, v." ..." ./' ' ,, -
1 .-A.nurabe'r of Corbinites-went toCoIe-
mari tb spend the 4th and; incidentally
anything else, they had. v The Coleman people .will know: by; this, time
i
^Tfy,   Try
and
Years Old, Doufelas'Millei", song, Koo
and Koo, Bessie Leadbeater;,,-recitation', AJ Game of Tag,* James Bennett;
song, Won't-You -Buy' My .Pretty
Flowers, E^sie Robson;. recitation,'
"Sister's Beau', Thomas 'Miller; chorus,
■'The Mermaids, Seniors'; recitation, Tlie
Ned Slate, MaryDonnachle; trio,'The
Three Crows, Blanche Labelle, Elsie
Robson, Pearl Courtney; , recitation,
The Boy and the, Sparrow, Leslie
Brown; song, I'm Going for a Soldier,
Jariies Miller; ,duot, Where Are You
Going to My Protty Maid? Bessie Load-
beater and Herbert Robson; recitation,
Two Littlo Boys, Wiri; Robson; chorus,
Hunting Song, Juniors; recitation,
Baby's Logic', Gladys , Thompson;
chorus, Men pf Harlech, Seniors; song,
Hlns'-tho Bell, Annlo Kolr;* song, Tho
Farmer's Boy, Herbert Robson; song,
'Ton Little'Niggers, tori boys;,'chorus,
.Gaudonmus Igitur, Seniors.
Tho distribution of tlio honor rolls
took placo and tho proceedings woro
brought to n closo by "God Snvo tho
King.' .
TIiobo who woro awarded honor rolls
uro: Proficiency, punctuality and rogu-
.liir attendance*—Saxon Koarnoy, Jas.
, Millor (seniors), , Proficiency—(Jim-
lora) Leslie Drown nnd alitfi Torlorolll,
' equal merit- marks.' Punctuality nnd
roguliir attendance—Laddlo Krlsh.
Both MIbb Pltbladd nnd Mr. Davis
are ontltlod to honrty congratulations
for thoir painstaking efforts with tliolr
piiplln, who cortalnly'1 ocaulttod thorn**
boIvob In a''highly c'rqdltnblo maimon
an a roBult thoroof,
Mrs. Spencor and chlldron loft on
Saturday for Modlolno Hat, whoro thoy
will bo KiioHts of hor BUtor for a woolc.
Dr. and Mra, Illgglm ei.torlnlnod a
Biiinll gathering of frlondB at tho Iioh*
pltal TuoBday. Uofroshmont-B wero
■Borvoil, dancing Indulged In nnd con
gonlallty relgnod supromo, Tho doctor loavos shortly for a trip lo tho
const. Dr. Nay mibiiltutifig In his
absonco,
Mr. and Mrs. V, Wntors aj,' spoiullng
a few days at Plnclior Crook this wook.
Mrs, Johnson, of Port Arthur, Ont., Is
on a visit to hor mother, Mrs. Orr.
On Tuesday 12 small boys with faces
blnckoncd, Btartod out on" a campaign
of destruction, and thoir first quarry
....       '-.    *,        ,    *••*     *
)).._.  M   ll.-.. (.__.  U*  **..^,La  .1.km  *liA.ut.f*t*t*,   »«_■
,Tf.*tvo P<**il(*nV, vi,\\rh ihe rtrnxmrnt. 1.07-
oa chasod to tho railroad track, and
tho frightened porkers, In trying to
Oludo their pursuers, rnn undor a moving freight train and both were cut
111    f II •*•**■*■*-        *"-Q _!«!•_ rt   flirt   •»•«/?   «•";*?   "**?'!   *}?*
child!"
Mrs. Brownrigg loft on Thursday for
Crawford Day to Join hem husband for
a month.
Mr. Lewis Stockott returned from
H-inff on W*Mn*»sd»r-
Joo Fletcher left on Friday ror three
wwkz vucullou lit. Vuuuouvur.
Mr. and Mra. D. 0. Wilson, wbo have
been visiting at lUnkhse., Alia... tor
tho past three weeks, have returned
home,
Mlna Jessie Mills, accompanied by
her ronsln. M»s« Mnmiy, rnt-urne*-.
home from I_etbbr1dge Friday last.
tKaFtCofbin Is aliveT    ** " ".
Thc 4th here was very quiet.'- p Just
to show-how free,arid indeperident we
all-were,' everybody "went to work.(
:. -\T, Benson- hurt, his ,ankle rather
badly .at a baseball, game the other
night. W-e trust that Jerry, will soon
be able to run the bases again in as
good tli_ie as, .L'.R." 1*1111.  "'" ,\ '■ ....
The school vacation has-been* declared. The kids have earned a rest, and
the attendance, conduct and general in:
telligonco of tho wholo school reflects
groat credit on tho teacher, Mr. James
Hall.        .     • . ...
-. W. Sproule wont down to tlw prairie
for tho week ond. - He must lmve
had n pleasant .tlmo for 'his Intended
stay-has lengthened considerably. We
wonder why?
.♦*_♦♦♦♦. ♦'••»► ***. ♦ ♦
-■*" _     .' >• rJ'**•r- ',y r!;v -■♦
-. MICHEL "NEWS:-/. .,/„  ♦
By,'!*krimea.,,***:''7'/ ,    ♦
J _ _ .     .   1   _  '     - «     *
Michel*'
..'5 '
3
'1"'
1
Bellevue .;.
..4* •
2
0'
2
Coal Creek-.
. .5
■2
•1-
2
Coleman ...
..5   '
1   '
3 ,
a
* Frank'.	
.7. .5
,   1
, . 4
♦ •♦,-•♦ ♦♦♦♦♦.♦.♦♦♦.
'. Miche'l Football-yearn had no, league
match on Saturday last;, but a practice game was" arranged ;and 4 strong
side was selected against-''the first
team... A very ,fast game'was played
and all are of the opinion that the
scrubs should have--won "the ganie.
However, the'game ended,in favor of
the" first'team'by 1 goal to nil.'
Next Saturday Bellevue will be the
visitors, here ancl a lively game Is expected as Bellevue and Michel-heads
tho league table. \*.   ' . i
The teairi to play for Michel is as
follows: J. Moore, goal; S. Moore and
J. Watson,.backs; T.-'Jackson', W. Jen-
kins.'J. Ferguson'(capt.), halves; joe
Harper, F. Bedding, Rev. Geo. Millett,
H.' Rrowri, and Sim Weaver, forwards.
Crow's Nest Pass League Table
-   ','      : "Plyd. Won'.' Lost Drn. Pts "
7
67,
* "V
■'3
0*   "' 2
• A hard-time'ball'was held at Crahan's 'hall-'bit,' Tuesday- night there,
beirig;t'50.'couples "present. Mucis was
providedby Messrs" Newmanand' Bros,
Littlers. Thanks are due to' those
who gave'their |aid in'the making.bf
so 'enjoyable tline. Alex Derbyshire
acted "as .M.'C. '.-Dancing was kept up
until -2 o'clock iri tho morning. --,
Miss A. Carr," Mr and Mrs. Rushton,
Mrs. Jenkinso'ri* and daughter, Mrs. M?
D. McLean left for Calgary ori-Monday
night's Flyer,'Where'they will spend
a week attending the fair.
Mr. J. Buchanan*, from Coal Creek,
is.down here' visiting his many'friends
this "week: ■ V '■ •
," We are forming a' rifle club here.
The boys.are very busy this week making the range. We have got a' few
crack shooters ln this camp so there
•should: be no .difficulty'in getting a
good team together.        ■>
* A baseball, match ".was, played here
bn Wednesday, June 5th, between New
Michel and" Old Michel, in which the
Old Michel boys* were beaten, to a
finish by a-score*of'-:32—14.'. It___tm_5t,
Mr. M.
have been a cricket match!
Joice acted, as umpire.     '   '
The' (following -names ' should have
been' included in the list bf presents
given to.Mr. and Mrs. McLean on the
occasion of'their wedding:   '
Mr' and Mrs.* £unllffe—Hand-painted
coffee set. _ . ,
Mr.'R. Loac»3—Silver spoons.
Mrs. Hampton—Fruit dishes.' •
Boys 100 yards', dashi'6 to',8years—
ly J. Hamer; pR.>Mai-tiii;,.3,G; Michell.
^" Boys. 100' .yards* dash, 4* to S-years—
1. J. Tyson;"2, vA.v Sanson;', _ D-
Shanks.* ... .:j"^ ' " .'"-..rt "-' '"■'•■
■ Boys -obstacle race—1, J. Gibson; 2,
J.'WortHington;" 3,';J,.-p|6ver. '■*. 4'.;,'
* -,P9ta,to Picking Race^-i, J. Gibson;
2,'j. ,Worthington; 3, W; Glover. ."'
.'■Sack Race— 1. E. Glover; 2, J. Worthlngton;*^,. J.-Glover. , - .
'Three legged race—1, j. Gibson and
S.. Tyson: *. 2, R." Hartley'' and' Jas. Ec-
kersley; ,3, F. Smith "and brdaldweli.
Boys^ three-legged raco,'10,*years'and
under—1, R." Martin. and Joe W'-tson;
2, J.-Davison and N. Patterson. 3,
Puckey and F. Dooley. '»•
Boys wheelbarrow race1—1, F.cSmlth
and D. Caldwell ;\ 2, R, Hartley and J.
Eckersloy; 3,--J.'Worthlngton' and T.
France. '"   .
Longestfoptball*kick,nge 12 to-,14—!
1, F. Smith;',., J. Eckorsley;' 3, Jno.-
Parker. -       •:•■'-.       * ; ■ ',
Longest.football kick, age 10 years
and. under—1, J. Wo'rtliington;, 2, S.*
.Tyson ,*" 3, Mike Nee. .7 ' ;'. D **-, ,.
F. Smith;' 2, Jas.' Eckersley;" 3, H.'
Evans. •,       '"        "■ ;
Boys'-jump,*-aged-10 to 14 years—1;
,. Boys* jump, 10 years and under—1,
J., Worthirigton; 2, Jno. .Eckersley; 3,'
S.'-Walls. ''•"■ ; ,; ,*. *• •"■>
_. Longest football kick, confined to
players of junior football team—1,' H.
France; 2, C. Johnstone; 3, H. Mackin.
Bellevue ,on the Saturday,' so the wearers of the red and white were beaten
for -the first time this seasou hy two
on
-1, George  Davi-
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
♦ CROWS NEST NOTE8   *     ♦
♦ By "Troutbeck"        ,    ♦
, A. McL. Fletcher and wlfo, from
Hosmor, wero visiting his brother,
Hughlo and family last wook ond.
A. McL. looks much youngor with IiIb
moustache off:
"Sweet Slxloon1' of Corbin; announced last wook that MIbb G. Parlchill
wns going to the coaBt, but' up to tho
tlmo 6f writing, Fornio Is tho 'coast
town. Thoro must bo somo groat at-
tractlbu In Fornio for MIbb G. P.
• MIbb M. • L., - of Crow's Neat, still
koops on tho old gnriin. Somo poor
follow will be losing hlfl heart or hnvo
It shivorod to piocos, Nuff soil!
Good's wild and tamo nnlmnls: two
wolvon, two bears, onu Hon, ono wild
cat, two (ingles, four owl* two rabbits,
nil Ihls In tho Crow'9 No. Zoo, to ho
seen only at Andy Qood'a Summit
Hotol.
On July 27th ono train load of ox*
(Uirslonltits consisting of 12 conchoH aro
duo horo, and pooplo aro looking for
ri good tlmo about that dato, You
will do woll to call at Crows Nost, and
wo will show you what a good time Is.
(Corbin ladies and gentleman please
note.)
It Is rumorod that thoro Is going to
bo a wedding In the noar future.    Bay,
boys, koop your cIcb open; you may
got a bid.      " *
Tho boys are practising football
«.■*».■-£  vmu'itm «,'d ttiiuuiii try) -u*u    10
jylvt- uoinc id the JtvnjfiH' tea mi' n nl* tilting up.    Shorty Is a star plnyor.
Hugh Fletcher Is doing groat bust*
ness here th«se days; he has just
received his firtt consignment of red
-       A. I..
........A.
Tommy Wood.la playing the pari of
shepherd now, {nstead of shoop. He has
about -40 pigs,' and thoy are causing
him many anxious momenta Just now,
lis they are fond of walking tho ties.
On Wednesday afternoon one of thom
tried to upset one of the C. P. It-
engines, but the on nine got off best,
taking off tbe animal's snout.      ,
The Crown Coal and Coke Company
have had a few of tbelr directors on
their property, Messrs. W. 8. Logsdan,
J. IC Wilson. A. a Wayland. A. Hop-
son, J. If. Forgons. and C. I* Hows
were the gentfe-men. They* most
moan butlness this summer.
♦ ♦ ♦-'♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦,♦
♦'■ < '■'♦
♦ BELLEVUE ,,, ♦
♦ .•-*■'♦
If anybody failed to enjoy, themselves on tho first of this month wo have
not learned who they wore. , Thero
was a prnlrlo breeze blowing which
provontorl the boat' causing any discomfort, although it was slightly playful with somo o'f the visitors' .headgear.
Tho boys from Coal Creek had tho
tnblo turned on thom as our tenm
fought with tho energy of desperation
nnd nnccoo'dod.ln seeming two gonls
to thoir opponents duck egg. Thoro
Is somo talk nbout a protest, but we
think that roforoo did not favor either
sido, but gnvo hia ruling fnliiy nnd
squnrloy,
Abo Johnson of Hillcrest wns tho
Btnr actor ln tho old man's raco.
Q110011I0 Clmppoll's mnro won tho
pony rnco..
Tho flrBt prieo for broad Jump wont
to J, MacDonald of Blnirmoro,
Frnnk tonm won tho tug*o'*war.
DnckiiB gnvo n splendid exhibition
of broncho busting, but tho horso won
out after a vory fiorco struggle.
Tho days' proceedings camo. to a
grand, rinlsh with an ontortnlnmont
consisting of songs, etc. Of courso
dancing'was indulged In nnd groatly
onjoyod,
Tho commlttoo workod llko beavers
and had thoir reward In tho many expressions of praise thnt woro hoard
on all sidon,
-'• Dribbling  contest-
son ; 2; Fr Young
"• -.Football^mateh"between e'd Juniors
and-C C Scrubs—Won by the Juniors
by 3 goal to nil    * ■ '
' Girls' 100 yards race, 12 to 14—1,
13 Joyce"; 2, J. Davison; 3,' Eliza Grey.
Girls' 100 yards-ra.ee, 10 to 12—1,
M   Martin;'2, !.   .ovue. 3, H, Yojii^.
Girls; 100 yards race, 8 to 10 — J,
M„ Michell; 2, C. B'.-ncli;-'3, N. Mill-
turn.    1,        ■,'"''
Phis' 100 yards'race. C to 8 years—
L;*A Alexander:1'__, ii. Mercha-i*., -0
F. Lamont. J   J- -' *
Babies'rape,6'and'ui der—l, xV. I_;i-
mont; 2, L.'caUi. ,*i!\,'; 3, R. Ciui?ioKl
Egg and spoon iri"c--l, M. Micheil
2, E.'Joyce;, 3, D. Newbury.
Girls' Nail Driving' Contest—1, • M.
Wilson; 2,"*M. Martin; 3, E. Langdon.
Football kick for. girls—1, A, Koper-
nafia: 2.'■„,___.Wilsons _J...K_.Toyp'_, „__
' Girls', skipping contest, 10 to 14—
1-, J. Nee;',.2, Hilda Young; ,3,, B.
Davison.' '■" "'" -    ,.
" Girls''skipping, 10 years ancl under—
1, .Jf. Mitchell; 2, ,N. Mlllbuni; 3,'D.
Wood. . '.  ■ ■•      ■■
Girls' open1 skipping,, contest—1, M:
Wilson.'2,,N. Wilson.   .
Married Ladies' Skipping Contest—
1, Mrs. *'j. English; '2, Mrs. E. W.
Hughes. : " , ' '. *-"
, Married' Ladies' Race,* 75, yards.—
This-was the event of the day, there
being no less thnn 14 entries, causing
It tb*be run off four heats. 1, Mrs. D.
Oliver; 2, Mrs. J. Mlchoii; 3, Mrs. G.
Lamont.
Waltzing contest—Mr one] Mrs. G,
Ln'morit.'     •"* ■''
QuoitIngu hnnaicnp—i, E.  English,;
2, J. Hamer.   .  >
goals to nil,
T. Banns, the Coal Creek goalkeeper, has been laid up all this week'with
a very, bad leg. ,-7_V -.
Coleman will be the visitors up here
Saturday. <"'-This will be a very
fast" game as'they beat Bellevue last
Tuesday at* Coleman in a'competition
for $100, and the Creek team needs tho
points* to make .-up a little/for last
Saturday. ■'     • -
Mr. R. W. Woods and Mr. A. Mutz,
of Fernio, paid a business visit up here
j. i Thursday. They were quite at home in
the club among' tho boys,, and the
hoys enjoyed their company very
much. . ...
Thomas Couglin paid a visit up here
from Morrissey last Saturday.
The 4th of July was very quiet up
here, only one star-bedecked banner
being noticed showing its independence.
Mr.' Xnthony ("Irish") Conwell, the
Ledger bookkeper, was aniong the' visitors up "her—last Saturday. (Come
again, Anthony, we are quite getting to
like you!).
James Langdon, accompanied by a
number'of- miners left here last Tuesday for the upper Elk .Valley to do
repair work lo'the tunnels*of the coal
property of the Trites-Wood Company.
' ■ Mr and Mrs. T. Wakelam, jur., of
Coleman. Alberta, have' been "spending
a few days up here with friends this
week.
Boys' singing contest—Jno, McCourt.
n
Girls   singing ..contest—1,    Nellie
Wood; 2, L, Hall; 3, D. Newbury.
, Tug of war—Wilson tonm.
-In tho evening n free minstrel show
wns glvon In the club hall by tlio C, C.
Mnlo Volco Party. The- hall was
packed llko sardines In .a tin, nnd tho
ontortnlnmont Is snld to* hnvo' boon
ono of tho best ever nocn In Coal
Crook.    Program:
Bones, W. II, Puckoy; mtoiiooutor, It
Hillsborough; Sambo, J. I'uckoy.   Gallop, BonoB and Snmbo; ciirtnin raiser,
In tho evening by tho moonlight; Jokoa,
Bonos and contro man; Moot Mo at thb
Golden Onto, Bones    (W,   Puckoy);
Jokos, otc, Snmbo nnd contro mnri;
Como Bnck to Mo, J. M. Mlllnn; conundrum, Bonos, Snmbo and contro;  I
Shan't Go To School Any Moro, W.
Hnll (oncoro); JokoB, Tlonos nnd contro; I Couldn't Holp But Laugh. Snmbo (oncoro); Gonovlovo, J. Tyson; jolt-]
en, Donos and Sambo; Put Mo. Among
tho Girls, A, Horton; Jokos, otc.*; Old
Kentucky Homo, Interlocutor;   Illng
Down tho Curlnln, W, Illrkott;    My
Oat's a High Bom Lndy, Sambo; Kn-
th1o.ii, Mc Mlllnn;  Minors Will Ilo
Flying,,UorioH; Cannot Kind Kolly, T,
Hutchinson; Dnt Gal's Mouth, Sambo;
♦ <_
<■> , • COLEMAN  NOTES BY 22        ■#>
^ ,<*> •$► <^ & & **& ^> «& *-o** <-> <_*.
Britt! boom! trat-a-tah! These and
. -. **.
similar sounds aroused the natives
from their usual inactivity on Saturday night.., Some wondered if a circus, had unexpectedly "reached town,
others that' a musical aggregation oi
the' Salvation Army " were making a
visit.or else'a German band had been
stranded. ' Upon reaching First Street
almost unlooked for surprise awaited
them.. , It was the Coleman Brass
Band giving an open air concert, and
as1 it was "greatly enjoyed, we hope that
hereafter* they may .be more in .evidence.. Come along,-boys, and give us
a little more ot your music, by so doing you are keeping yourselves In
practise; likewise pass, the time away
pleasantly for a few numbers of your
fellow citizens. - The effect of'the music.'stirred'some of our local athletes
and several exciting events accompanied by supporters backing their choice,
were" pulled off by the disciples of
the fleet foot. -
The chaj.. who'' had chargo of the
weather'arrangements need never expect to' be admitted to tho F. O. 13.
unless ho promises hereafter to behavo
better tlian ho as for tree times out
of four. The' morning was dull and
heavy, but - It was hoped that, thoro
would bo a change for the better.
Alas for: human hopes!. Punctually
nt ono' o'clock the heaven's watering
enrt started operations', .compelling
ninny to remain Indoors, Notwithstanding that, there was a goodly
crowd nnd all events were: hotly contested, bxcopt the game nt footbnll,
which was somowhut akin to tho weather—that Is, dull.   ,
Tho most pleasing feature of tho entire program wiib tho maypole danco ln
which 21 chlldron ranging from G to
12 yonrs of ngo reproduced tho many
evolutions with enro nnd precision that
showed tho romarkablo nptitudo of
«LUB
Cigar Store
, k A. INGRAM
o    Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop      " .
. Baths,
' Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
,   Billiards and Pool
Coffee ..and Sandwich;
Coleman
W. H. Murr
Prop.
,    ■       A
[V^I1_!»JS-1
a .
Counter;
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Your Architect
can give you an idea of what'
you have in mind for that new
i
house of yours, but he -
May Plan a House
that costs double what you wnnt
to expend.   We have figured out
■ how   , * ' '
To Suit Your Pocket
nnd give you a beautiful homo
'nt low    figures,     You'll    savo
money buying a houso of us,
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance     Real Estate
-   "HAVE A_ GLASS'
„ "It will do you 'good, and besides it
Isn't always you're invited to' .test** a
superior brand like this.' -
There's no gainsaying but- what the
•  SUPERIOR WINE    -
sold here is a genuine builder up of ,
the system."- Claret punches-or sherry
cobblers made from,\vine sold, here are
simply teresistable.-^For all lclnds of
'     '  A      V*" *■ (. ^>
wine buy from us. _'■ -
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
Fernie. -B. C. _       - V   ,
r^-y.
A party of ladles, on It being roportod that n cortnln Cnptnin Silk lind
nrrlvod In (own, oxclnlmod, wllh one
oxcoptlon, "Whnt a nnmo for a sol-
tho performers and tho oxcollonco of. tllor! , _,
"Tho fittest nnmo In lho world," re-
Joined a witty fomalo, "for Hllk can
novor ho worsted,"
COAL CREEK BV 174
tho efforts of their,Instructors. This
wiib wltnesiiod by mnny for Uio fii'Hl
timo, although In our grand mother's
nnd great grandfather'.! day It was a
vory usual lnr-lilont at nil country faire.
A grand ball In tho ovoning was
suroly woll patronized, and If tho facial
oxproBBloiis nnd tho jokoa exchanged
told thoir own Btory "Joy was uncon-
fined." !
Tho horso rncos wore run on Wod-
noKilny nnd some of tlio Hpoctutors
Htiotchod thoir not*k» ho fnr that thoro
Iiuh boon a run on tlio drug moro for
llnlmont,
Tlio tiig-o'-war created much mcrii-
mont anil thoro woh gront rejoicing
■.■i*■»««w*Ml^a«Mal'^^!ll^■i;':t«■^•;
T. W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Coleman
WSSSSSJI'Tj^ITI
Alta.
$
I N G E R
E W I N G
MACHINE   CO
■j -t
• -.'
• i
■(
■<
•K
•-S
• t
t
• t
■t
t
I
'I
■c
-(
•<
' e
-(
■i
■<
• (
^^^V*¥**¥***-¥¥*¥¥*>**¥¥¥*¥¥**l'
W M.     BARTON
i,  *' ii
Atrcnt   Fcrnic   Branch
Pellatt   Ave,    North
. _   .       ..._...., ■ when lho Itnllnn hqiiikI proved victor
I Do Lovo Myself Dont I, rionoB, on*i-,(Mlg
core, Miles Away From Homo, j
Horn nt Coal Crook on Frldny, June
Dominion Day wa* colobratod    up
hero In groat style, tho uports oto.,
being liniullod In flno nfylo and evory
thing passed off wltli the grotttost of
mix im,     4 du ony waa a very   .oucly
Nil; i'l..   ..j.;  j_j.';j  ,...'...,.4't\i  io Kt.^ii
off vory well till nil the event* were
over..   The board of management of
tho-C. C. h, nnd A. A. doaerve every
encouragement for one of the plonannt*
i.y. iTi^o i,lfi .**'_.■/,*_,.v.* xt* CkM-i *w.*t*«K
have ever had.       The Fernie City
Ilnnd waa up here all day and certainly
enlivened the place up with the oxtrn
good mutle they know how to play,
and' which  wa* greatly appreciated
by* all who had the pl-M-nire of hear*
Ing,It.     Tho following la a Hat of
eventa nnd r>rlw** wlnn-n-x.
noyi 1W» yar-Ja daali, ago 12 to II—
1, F. Voung; 1,'J. Parker; 3. II. iSrana.
Boy* 100 yards daah, 10 to 12 yoara—
1,0. Fox; t, Jaa. Davlioo; i, 3. Wortt.
Inxton.
Doya 100 yarda daih, » to IO yearn—
1, 3. Olbson: t. V. Dooley; 3, T. Davl-
aon.
30th, to Mr nnrt Mra. (loorgo Bmltb,
n flno daughter, .Motlior nui\ child
both doing woll.
Mra. J. nonnlmnJl nnd family arrived i
in camp (am wct*K irom Lancashire,!
fitikh.iJ,
Mr. Jno. Dixon arrived here lant
Ffldny from Fort Willlsn Ont.
Provincial Conntnblo J, Doardmnn
1. ft here on Raturdnv for a few ww»h«
i7i.atloii. He Intenda .visiting Spokane, i,
W. Helton la acting m constable In
tho meant I mo.
Robt. Fairclough hn* been apendlng
a fow days down at Gateway thla week
about nomo* land down nt the Houndary
Country,
IMMrlrt Board Mfmbor, .1. R. fimlth,
returned on We«lne«day from Banff.
The C. C. Football Team managed
to bag the two point* m Frank laat
FH-tar hy I goal to nil. but aUe they
had D ■** m'iforsune to have two or
their i-.hycrs Injured In tlie game, thla
nirr! *'.-'**nm to plnj" their reserve at
At tho gonornl mooting of tho Council, with Mayor Cnmoron In th official
chnlr, nnf nftir tho mlniiten of pr«>
vIoiih hio-atingH hnd boon rond nnd ndopied, tho Ltccnco Committee roportod
It,,,    .wlimiilln;    f,f    nj.r  1";-;;;.;     X*    ,C.
Hnll, Thl« wn* rtulv ni,oi*'p.od nt.d S
Hndflolil wnn appointed conalaltlo nnd
H. Clnrko 8oc.-Tron»urer, pro torn, until such tlmo as a pormanent officer
hnd boon solected.    The works com*
Tnlttn-"*   r_,nmin-r»n(*)*m1    t .«lt    •nmr-iMni**
should bo dono at once to Improve
the hack road In Third and Fourth
streets.
Iteference wns mado to the condition
of the remoter*/, but it was decided
that notliluK could be done at tho pro)
tuiit tlmo.
Thi* i-r_iv>Hn«r th«i ndjr.itrnwl.
Weber's
STORES
Births !
II. Drew was recently jiiretent_l with f
a fine boy by his better half, amlj
A. R. KbowI*** Is the fcApjvf Atd ot a*
lovely wiri, an that he tan fiow bnant',
of hav In* as many sorts as anybody.--I
WATCH rOLBMAN* OflOW!
New Michel
& Blairmore
i 7*_?
^'■l.V.v-fr.
*%■'
'-v.
PAGE SIX
J(,THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.  B.' 0., JULY,8, 1911.
V***********.^*****'-**^^
■ "L " ' '•  ' V- ■ ■ 5"
State Mine Rescue Wttrkl
STOE WHITEST, LIGh
>t¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥-¥¥YJ^f*4-¥»¥^
rTT~T*~
"*.*****¥
.Pioneer  Rescue Work  in the,States.
'"   Illinois Scheme in Operation
The general manager of the Illinois-" State Rescue Stations has been
visiting his native land again, upon
this occasion interesting himself chiefly in rescue work ta,mines. For a
man of his years Richard Newsam is
wonderfully active, his holiday including journeys to Scotland, Belgium and
Germany.
o "l
It may interest his numerous friends
to recall that he first saw the light
of- day at, Chorley, In tho county of
Lancashire 'on the Ilth November,
1843, and a simple calculation will
show that in two years he'will enter
the ranks of the world's septuagenarians. , There is still a lot of energy
in Richard Newsam, and though thero
is but little security in prophecy the
• prospects are that he ,will cross the
ocean many more times to greet his
friends in the old country.*
Round the Lancashire Mines
In 1852, .when he was a stripling of
nine tender years, he ,was called "upon
to take up work in the mines; from
■ which tt will readily be gathered that
he enjoyed but few of the privileges
and advantages accorded to the boys
of the twentieth century. We are not
sure that as a boy he ever saw the
inside of a \day or. night school, for
in the fifties'" it was - hard work for
most lads and plenty of it, with, long
koiirs and a limited view of the daylight. The sun did not shine for them
except at'the ond of the week.
Turning his face towards the mine
the youthful Richard commenced work
in the Yard Coal at" Strangeways Hall
Collieries at the .lime' when John
;Houghton was manager, and William
Thompson was under manager, his un-
d6r-manager at a later date being
Thomas King. - Then a period of
>work ln.the Arley'Mine deep pit was
followed by service in what was known
as the* Brown's Yard. Coal, under
Henry Reynolds and Roger Taylor as
manager' and undermanager respectively.    .'
As a young man Richard Newsam
seems to have had a passion for moving about the district, and within a
few short years he must surely liave
record-for*~the—number—of-
Lancashire coal seams in whish he
worked. <*In addition to the foregoing
. ho found succesive employment in tha
Pemberton 4 feet and 5 feet coal; in
the 7 foot coal at Strangeway's-Hall;
.the Lone Side pit; the Old Penny Gate
pit; also the. Old Hartley mlno at
Thomas GIdlow's, winding up so far as
his native land is concerned * with a
period of service with Pearson and
Knowles Hlndley, ln the Strangeways
-* Old 5 feet, then being sunk.
Sails for the New World
..About this time the spirit of rest-
' lessness * became stronger than ever,
and succumbing to the desire to see
moro of tho world Richard Newsam
crossed tho Atlantic.   As In the case
of many of IiIb confreres his destination wns the state of Ulnols.   In a
wny that  Is  most remarkable,  this
State nponls to nncl fascinates British
coal mlno workers, and to many of
thom Bho has boon kind.    Possibly of
tho ton stale inspectors of mines' today, nine aro Drltlsh, and In tho othor
depnrtmonts also mnny of Iho clilof
offices aro filled by sons of John Bull.
It Is characteristic of tho man that
Richard Newsam mndo tho round of Iho
counties In Illinois ns n humble worker In conl, and later In Peoria* county
ho filled tlio roHpectlvo poHlllons of
superintendent and mnnngor nt. several
of tlio mines, until nt longth ho secured sufficient, cnpltnl lo justify him lu
launching out. on IiIh own nn n conl
proprietor.     Ilo 1ms to-day four pits
In the counties of,,I .ilton nnd 1'onrln.
employing approximately .150 hands,
President Illinois Mining Qoard
1Mb connoctlon with the Stnto Mining Hoard of Illlnol*. iih President mid
Mining ICnglnoci- tint on from the yenr
1887, nnd ho wnH appointed Clinlrinnn
of llio IitvoHtlgntlng Committee of Mining I.iiwh;  whilst now ho hns ndded
to IiIh rnsponslhllltlPH by neeoptlug tlio
position of mnnngor of tho Uohmip Rtn*
tions in tho hi*.mo stnto.     Mr, Now-
sam iniilcoH his nnjiunl  visit (o Ihls
country partly as nn old nntlvo nnd
pnrlly In his cnpnclty an n stnto offl-
elu! desirous of ohtaliiiiiK thu latest
Information In rognrd to mining lime*
Training of Rescue Station
Superintendents °
. Before appointment these.men were
given a preliminary training in the use
of oxygen helmets and other rescue apparatus in order to find out if they
were suited for the work. Following
this they had to undergo a very
thorough training at the XJrbana station, and attend a course* of le-ilurcs
given.by,experts in the std'.e. " .Then
they were sent to the United States
fr.r.ting station atPIttsbui-j.and under
Wont further training in ' rescue and
fivs***. aid methods, also attainting lectures by specialists connected withthe
station. A further course of training
in first aid to the injured was, the
next item on the programme, after
which they were taken to assist In
fighting mine fires. ' From the foregoing it will be evident that the men
In charge of the Illinois Stations were
given an unusually thorough theoretical and practical training before taking up their regular duties In the
training of, other men iv, mine rescue
and first aid work.
' The front part of each rescue station building contains two floors, and
ls divided into the living apartments,
office and workshop. * The rear portion is one storey in height, and contains the rescue. chamber." The lecture or observation hall will accommodate comfortably 100 persons, and
is 30 ' feet by 57" feet, lighted from
above by skylights, but it can be darkened, when desired, by curtains. The
second floor contains a domitory, ln
which there are twelve white enamelled beds, and' there is a~.ommodlous
toilet room fitted with lockers, shower
baths and necessary toilet facilities.
The purpose the station are intended to serve are : (1) To furnish a
trained corps of erscue men in the use
cf rescue appliances, so that ultimately
there shall be at every mine in Illinois a corps'of men who can enter a
mine with a suitable rescue otufit.
Each station can accommodate twelve
to fifteen men in training at one time
aiid it is urged that not only willAthe
constantly increasing number of trained men at the mines be'of great
assistance in case of accident, but
a most important result of the train
ing should be that it calls attention tb
the necessity for exercising more care
in connection with all phases of coal
mining.* •   The men thus being more
deadly Mine fires
Lack of Serious Appreciation and Fire
Protection Responsible for. Loss of
Hundreds of Lives and Millions In
Property    During   Recent   Years—
' Somev Cases InPoint.     *
tTTOro^lfly^fwewarned^hould'be.ore-
armed, and the accident-list should be
materially decreased.      '        , ^
The question of the purchase 'of
equipment, or rescue helmets, has
proved-one* of the mo3t serious matters considered by the State ^Commission on "Mine Rescue Stations! and the
suggestion seems to be that among the
types of appliances so far tested they
have yet to find one that may be res-
crlbod as representative of a thoroughly
satisfactory pattern, that is according
to the standard aimed at by tho Commission.     u'
An'important feature in tho equipment of tho stations that will specially Interest* the mining community In
this country is the provision of the
mino roscuo car, rendered necossnry
by the pits being scattered over n
wide area. The car stands on a
switch nt tho station, and Is always
equipped nnd ready ,to bo tnkon to tho
scone of nn nccldont. All tho dolay
that occurs may bo said to bo the
tlmo occuplod In attaching n locomotive to the car, nnd thus tho roscuo
pnrty cnn transport Ub apparatus safely and promptly, nnd hnvo a suitable
plnco to koop tho snmo at lho Bcono
of tho disaster. Not only thus, but
the enrs nro equipped with berths for
nlcoplng, nnd nppllnnces for cooking,
nnd thoy mny bo used iib a tompornry
"homo" whon tho rcscuo campaign Is
protrnctod.
Ono' ond* of- tho enr Is occupied hy
tho honl or, conl box nnd tho looker
for linen, nnd on tho opposite aide of
lho iiIbIo Ib tho tollot room. Next
comen threo double rnmpnrlmcnt
borlhrt on onch Hldo of tho cur ho thnt
thoro will bo nccommodntlon In this
pnrt of the enr for twelve pci-ROns,
•.looping singly. Noxl Ih a kltclion
fitted wllh stove, sink, nml n Htiltnblo
pnniry. An Ico box Ih located bonoalh
tho rnr, The Ntnte room, Intoniloil nH
nn office for the uuuinger or whoovor
Ih In cliiirgo of the rcscuo worlc nr
tlio mine, con lu I iih n double liorth, n
ilosk, nnd n Hinnll toilet room. Ono
ond of tho enr Ih used for Htorlng
tho n.'Hcuo upparntiiB, and It also nf-
fords Hpneo for demonstration ptirpos*
tlco. Ho Ih hold In vory high osi com j es In one corner nro threo oxygon
hy those Interested In mining In tho, tanks eooneeted with n pump, On the
States, nnd It In nor uncommon for.-opposite Hldo Ik a uto ■•ngo nick for
"Dick" Nowiuini. nn lie Ih iiffectlhnnlely j rovi-ii oilier oxygen tanks. In ouo
cnllod ou the othor sldo, to bo nskod j cornor Ib a conl box, nnd In tho othor
iu iwii'u ui, .....iu.ii. jcuuiiig io imaiii-jii Jockcr tor tlio pulmotor, llrst nld
ment nf wife n'w3.JJW u.__..lijWiAl M.ppii'i:*., ..mi uttiur -Ainni. armies, nml
As Indicated, nt prosont Mr. ._<*■.** «un ■ for tho storing of potash cartridges.
Is deeply interested in mlno rrsru.'Th-**- helmets nre hung by hooks from
Failure, to appreciate the seriousness
of mines fires and a lack of adequate
fire protection have resulted in the
loss of hundreds of'lives and the destruction of millions of dollars worth of
property ,in- the last few years, according to a statement made at the
annual meeting of the National Fire
Protection Association by Herbert M.
Wilson, chief engineer of the Federal
Bureau of Mines. .' Mr. Wilson went
<* , ,
farther and declared that two of the
most serious disasters in coal, mines
In, the' last* two years, .one at Cherry,
111., in which 262 lives-were lost and
the other at the vPancost mine near
Scranton, Pa.,* in which seventy-four
lives-were lost, originated,from trivial
causes and ought to have been quickly extinguished without the sacrifice
of human life.
"The contact, of several bales of hay
with a blazlngtorch or an open miners'
lamp,', said Mr. AVilson, "caused the
Cherry mine disaster and its great loss
of life and.a total cost of one million
dollars, of which ',$50,000 a day was
spent in direct fire fighting for.several
days.       -   *       - ■ _ •    '"';   .
'The fire in the Pancost mine killed
seventy-four -*. miners, left forty-five
widows and 137 dependent orphans.
This fire is known to have started in
an underground room presumably from
some oil-soaked waste. - The fire was
not thought serious until it had been
burning two hours. This delay was
in a large measure-responsible for the
great loss of life.
"Besides the loss of life,* fires have
cost much in money. At Deadwood,
S/ D., ' $1,000,000''' has been spent in
fighting a fire in a metal mine. Today fires are raging in coal and metal
mines in various parts of'the' country.
Some of. them'have gotten beyond control and have been burning for many
years, devouring,, hundreds of thousands of ton's of coal and miles of
mine galleries. One" mine fire near
Carbondale," Pa., has burned' out such"
a vast' area of anthracite coal in the
last ten years as to result in a subsidence of. the surface and destruction
of, surface property/ "'Near Summit
Hillp-PaTi^a-flre-which-has-been-burn-*-
lng fifty-one years ,is estimated' to
have destroyed, .$25,000,000 worth of
coal. 'Near** Jobs,-'Ohio; a tract of
coal valued at several million dollars
has beon burnlng^since 1884. In some
of the deeper metal mines at Butte,
Mont.,' fires have been burning in
the old mine timbers since 1889. Tn
tho Comstock vein in Nevada, thousands of feet' of funnels which' had
been opened and timbered at great expense are being burned out. ■   •
"Tho mining'engineers of the Bureau
of/Mines have made a careful study of
fires ln mines, and have reached the
conclusion that the introduction of
comparatively inexpensive fire-fighting
appliances, the, adoption of proper regulations and the Institution of a reasonable system of flro drills mny minimize fires and confine others to a
brief period' of tlmo with littlo damngo
to lifo and property.' Tho onglneors
of this bureau have hnd much success
In combnttng mine fires through tho
uso of tho oxygon holme!, Chemistry,
through tho quick analysis ot gases nt
frequent intervals In the neighborhood
of tho flro has proven a most useful
adjunct. In fighting fires, It acorns
almost unnecessary to cnll nttontlon
to tho nocoBslty of providing nt oach
mine nmplo storage of-wnlor proporly
convoyed In protected pipes topoaslblo
dnuger points, tho desirability of* using turgor amounts of flvo,proof ma
torlnl In plnco of woodon mlno tlmboring or wooden doors, tho proper dlspn*
Hni'of wnBto, flro proof manways and
nlr shafts mul the uso ot flro proof ma-
torlnl ub fur iih possible In nil' surfaco structures within fifty to 100
foot of the main oponlng to the mlno."
—Industrial imlox.
MKIN&
powdei
fe_C___S3lS_^
NEVER ANY FAILURE
OR DISAPPOINTMENT
WHEN
BAKING
POWDER
15 USED.
CONTAINS NO ALUM.
COSTS NO MORE
THAN THE
ORDINARY KINDS.
MADE IN CANADA
KNOCKER
HIS
DR. WRIGLESWPRTH, D. D-.8. .,?
■7     ,'   *il   . DENTIST-'"■£-"•'•:. *7>- .'
v •' "j,\ - Jyyjf: '-'YY'rYr'
riffle.-*"-: Johnson-Faulkner- Block,; --*
Hours 9-12; -1-6; ''"   T -c „■" * '•-*. "phono 73
•"ernie
7B, C.
The Defaoicr of Canada
,Soaked feraQuarte. .
Million Dollars. >;
.. LONDON, June 30.—H, '^Bottomley,
editor, and independent Liberal member, of parliament for. South Hackney,
was condemned by. Lord Chief Justice
Alverston to-day to pay $250,000 damages to the estate of the late R. E. Master, a' retired Madras civil,servant.
It was claimed that Bottomley had, obtained $285,000 through misrepresentation by. selling to Master worthless
shares in numerous undertakings pro*-
mo ted ■ by Bottomley, himself.' - The
plaintiff was Mrs." Curtis, a daughter
of Masters." The latter was supposed
to have been wealthy/' but he died
penniless. An , investigation of his
papers was made and it was discovered that Master had been connected in
big financial.deals with Bottomley.
Bottomley is'editor, of'John Bull,
'the paper which of late, has most
industriously been knocking Canada.'
.   DR. J.- BARBER, DENTIST/:
, Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 toi; 2 to 5;, 6 to 8." '
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave. *
( ' '    *1
■ T H]
W. R; Ross K.EC.
W. S. Lane
ROSS,  MACDONALD and-LANE
*.   Barristers"and Solicitors"'.,
v
Fernie, B. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
■ ECKSTEIN & MCTAGGART
CO-OPERATION
7 -*■- **,."    '"  ■    ••> -'   ' - *.  -,."■,"' „ '
',*-"'       "       i '        7     '     r r
A New Departure
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe      7 , Alex. I. Fisher
'**„     :  '"* LAWE.& FISHER,
V        ATTORNEYS''
*! ' *'       ' ,
. Fernie, B. C.
By Morrison Davidson
"All Co-operation should be founded
not on isolated .efforts, absorbing, if
successful, vast riches to themselves,
but on a National Union which should
distribute the national wealth". ,
"This is • the vital point'; are the
profits to "accumulate in the hands of
isolated"clubs, or-are they to, be devoted to the elevation of the entire people? Is wealth to'gather round local
centres, "or is it to be diffused by a
distributive agency?        7 ,      '      -;-.
*    ■ '1   .   ~«    ii
** "This, alternative embraces the .fortune of the',future. From'the one
iiows~competitionT*monopoiy_and~faiir
<> 'A, '
ure, from the other emanates the Re-
< -l .,1
generation of Society.'—Ernest Jones.
stations nnd breathing nppnrntus,   Ills
ndopt ed state has taken tho lend In
... _ ..1..   1    ... ,.  .
.*.*_.. ......    ...    ,w...._tt    ^.^...v*.    A    kVbv'MV
service for Its coal mines. Threo
stations hnve been built, nnd tlioy nro
situated nt La Snllo (for tho northorn
part), Springfield (for tho central part)
Tho three stations will thus servo n
cosi area covering /If) odd counties, In
which somo 70 thousand workors are
omployod. nnd About r.f) million tni-itf of
eotl raised. Each edition hns a resident superintendent, holding an Illinois cortlflcato as mine manager, togo*.
ther with an assistant superintendent
pOMossIng tha mino manager or mlno
examiner certificate.
I lie colling of tho car, nnd to prevent
thorn liwliigltig Ihoro Is a strap that
HDttB iu uie uuor arm ih c-iiugm into
a ring by n simp hook.' Tho holmots
nro covored whon not In uso by a
canvas cover to protect them from
dirt. A work bench finds a placo at
ono sldo of thn car, equipped with suit-
nblo fools nt*(*d(*d tor repsfr work In
connection with tho roscuo apparatus.
The* r-nr In f,d t«cA « Inches over all
In length, and has boen repainted and
thoroughly refitted «o thnt It Is not
only admirably adapted for rescue pur
poses, but nlso presents an excellent
appearance and Is a -er**dlt to the slate.
-<•Th*** 9 .ftr-v. nnd Art nf Mln1rtr>
HOW WAR NEW8 HATCHES
Wlion you rond in tho pupon. that wo
aro nhoul lo ho plunged Into wnr with
nnotlior nntlon, romomboi' thut tlioro
uro Intorosts thnt tlirlvo on wnrs nnd
wnr Hcnios. Wvory wnr senro holps
tlio mnrkot. for things usod In war.
It Is linposHlhlo to toll whothor tho
ftcnro Is mndo In tliolr Intorosts, or
renlly rests 011 some actual fnct of
forolgn relations, For proof, rond history,
I'orlians tho cnsioBt wny to sottlo
out; minds is to ask whether thoro ts
anything wrong botwoon us nnd tlio
nation In riuostlon—anything worth
liKhting nbout.
If there, Ism't, don't partlclpato In
the score. Throw cold water. War
nows la gohcrnlly tnlntod news, (Worked up for n monoy object by somebody
who won't hnvo to shoulder u gun.—
B, Nows of Cnnndn.
NARROW  ESCAPE OV 60
FROM  DURNINO  MINE
' CLATlKsnuRO, w., Va., June JO.—
Firo of allogod Incendiary origin Is
burning ffcrcly Iti the Clttcftulu uiliui
of tho Clark Coal company at Wilson-
burg near thlt city,
Sixty miners ecsnpod through nn
emergency opening, and It Is beliov^d
every msn -who was at work aueceoJed
fn r^nchln-j. thn surface.
Ernest Jones was a true prophet; he
foresaw clearly the - alternatives before thec Co-operative Movement," while
yet in its cradle, * sixty years ago,
Needless .to say, the former alternative
has prevailed; Society has not been
regenerated. * 7
, Co-operation -and Trades Unionism
are,' in a great measure,' contemporaneous movements, though the former
had earlier caaual developments. Thoir
fundamental'aims differ widely. ' Cooperation stands primarily for Self-employment; Trades Unionism for' Improved Conditions.of tho Wage-Slavery
system,' by means of Collective Bargaining with the Capitalists. Thc
oldest Co-operative Socloty ln 'existence is at Qovan, In Scotland, It
was loundod in 1777. The * noxt Is
Hull, established' In '1795. for; tho purposo of grinding corn,    *
Down to 18.G tho momborshlp of such
Soclotlos involved much personal risk
Tho liability of oaoh ,Co*oporntor was
unlimited. So nlso wns his powor, ac-
cosdlng to tse singull In solldum doctrine, to stonl tho wholo of tho Society's funds Willi impunity, Tho law,
howovor, underwent mnny modlflcn
tions nnd In 1802 tho principle of limited
lliiblllty wns doflntoly nccordod by tho
loglslnturo, n similar concession having
boon mndo to Iho "clnssos" In 1855,
• (I
■  The Rochdale Pioneers    <
At first progress wns but, Blow,
Though more thnn thirty soclotlos o»
Isled boforo 181*1, tho Co-oporntlvo Mo*
vornont propor Is usually hold to data
from tho Institution of lho llocli'lnlo
Ploiicors In Hint, yonr, Thoso consldor tho cntiHo of tho povorly Hint
nffllclod iliom, Thoy found It, us thoy
bollovod, In tho high piicoB thoy had
to pny for nrtlclos of consumption, nml
thoso high prlcos thoy attributed lo
tho fnct thnl llio nrtlcloH woro nlwnys
purchiiRod nt rotnll nnd gonorally on
credit, They accordingly resolved to
"poor thoir monoys (.Cl. eaBh), nnd
pnrchftBO n stock of commodities wliolo
solo, To avoid pnylng shop-rent, etc.,
ono mombor took chnrgo of the goods,
nnd oncc-n-wook distribution wns duly
mndo.
n..  in 1 1' '   _ *
-   -'    •.,    ,...,.t,     l. U_>    !_*(.    t*irl Itfl/ttttHtl    I'A
n*n oi-cnnhntlon thnt todny (I'lil 1 hnv.
ncoloHsnl momborshlp of 2,585,203:
whilo In moo, Ub sales amounted to
$111,582,7701 Its annual snvlngs'nro
counted In millions,    At the tlmo of
t\lf\    .llf'Ant^r. . 1    T) n..|*«»v   #l»,n .. ..Ini    ririitr,
 '^.,.'4*   ."   *-•-    *" ■    *...*-
pse, tho English Corporators woro In
a position to notify tho Hank of Kng-
lnnd thnt thoy might ho drawn upon,
In tho emergency, to tho extent, of
.C 1,000,000 sterling ob a "Cash Lonn."
Tliolr Annual Report showed thnt tho
toughest problom thoy had to solve
was how to dispose of thoir surplus
funds.
The N«&-Co-Operation Rumedy
Hut nro tho Worker**), nil a elms,
bettered by this singular form of Co-*
operation, which rewards the AMWto.
fii» not* tu pvopovtluu tut each !ut» lit*
bored, but according as each has consumed—eaten and drunk?. The Rochdale 'pioneers started out with an infinitely loftier "objective—"to arrange
the FLowers of Production, Distribution
Education and.Government* But only
within, quite recent ^years has the slightest attempt been made to enter the
political arena.- At first a Parliamentary Committee, was .tentatively instructed to hold a watching brief-for
the Co-operators, but that Committee
was not slow to issue a manifesto urging members to join in the fight a-
gainst.the Peers; and4 since-then to
support the' Minority 'Report of^ the
Poor Law Commission, y A - '
, ^.Recently,, however,' at-the  Annual
C__»__»%«___._■___...+__._*_=..__»___. j*___.-a_j.!__.___._._. .
uii.icoo~*,oittiuo ttir-ju>iauLui U7~;Lut?_i.Oil"
tical.1 nay, Socialist Rubicon was crossed ;- iri' the most' vestigia nulla retror-
sum - fashion.'* Long and * honorably
identified with Liberalism, Mr. G.
Thorpe, J.P., the President,' speaking
ex cathedra, was not over-sanguine regarding such pallatives as the Old Age
Pension Act and the Insurance Bill,
but declared; '  i ',,-',_ ;
We welcome this change of attitude
towards the poor, but when such expedients are had recourse, to as for the
time being to tide',politicians ..,and
statesmen over, their difficulties, they
are apt'to be very partially remedial
in their effects."   -    -
What is the Real Remedy?
"Don't you think the Unie has orrlv-
ed when the, System of Production
should bo In tho hands of tho community, so that wo could revise our standards of' poverty and prosperity -by
bringing them Into harmony with truth
and  commonsonso? ; .*
■ "Your Municipal Corporations are
dovoloping duch collective characteristics that, In tho nonr futuro, lt is possible wo shnll havo municipal bnko-
housos, milk and conl supply depots-
nil mnnngod and controllod in tho Intorosts of tho pooplo, Wo havo nationalized our elementary oducatlon,
our workhouses, our asylums, onr prl*
sons. Why not iintlonnllzo our railways? If It bo wlso to natlonnlliso
our rail ways, il. ennnot bo unwiso lo
iintlonnllzo our coalfields; nnd If It
ho wlpo to nntlonnllzo thom, It. ennnot
bouuwlso to iintlonnllzo tho monns of
production nnd oxchnngo ln tho Into.
osta of onch nationality; nnd If It ho
wlso to nntlonnllzo lliom In tho common Intorost ot onch nntloniillty, II. cnn
not ho unwiso to Intornntlonnlizo thom
In tho common Intorosts of Immunity,
"It, follows, thoroforo, thnt Co-oporn*
tion, In Its ultlmnto development, Is
tho sovereign romody for tho ocom*
mio Ills nnd wrongs Ihnt nro nssoclnt*
od with tho prlvnto ownership of tho
monns of oxlstonco, It rccognlHos nn
Identity or common Intorosts In nil
tho essentials of life. It Involves
tho dostrucllon of all arllflclnl but*-
rlors, It. knows no color, no rnco;
sens and mountnlnij nro to It tho groat
highways of comunlcntlon, by which
shull pnss uninterrupted by tralff walls
or selfish Interests, tho fruits of Moth
or Earth; so that nil hor sons may bo
nbnndnntlv tod, nnd whon thnt- tlmo
comes mon will havo discovered that
Heaven Is nonr at hand!
And so Mote it ba I
—-Reynolds.
Fernie Dairy
FRESH MILK
delivered- to,*.all,
parts of the town
Sanders &  Verhaest  Brothers.
: _.
'   ■   7   , Proprietors
L
TH||F|RtNIE
; . ' ■"-"'-.' •--■•:.:,''.   - ;.y '■
:    A. McDougall, Mgr.*   :'-*
A     '    r*   - '■   . '  -V"        -    ,.  '    J
_- *   , - -     C      > V-"    -.■■>•   "   <
.   -    . . * '   '    '\i        ",£•■* _\-.--.
-** - -,^ *-, -
.-.>*,,  *!,-*'.    .1
*. ''        ,       . .      !_.-. '1       ^    *,' -    -- "'.
Manufacturers of and Deal-
'., ers in all kinds of Rough -.
and DressedLumber
!,'__       -   -   '  .■■.'.*-.   J'      -> 4        '
<    ->!**B>'>''iHMSB__BHM__l________iHHM-__aaM_.
', **■ *       _.      v < _
Send us your orders
1.  -ifi:!:
HiOTE.
FERHIE
I
»♦♦♦♦*»♦♦!» ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦*
-   v ' * *'       V
streams which issue from them*.'For
use in irrigation and .the generation of
power-it.is desirable*to have a steady
flow of water—not a, torrent in spring,
whicli'becomes a dried-up bed in summer. ., In thus equalizing the flow of
,water the value, of forests at the head
waters "o'f streams is universally acknowledged,' Of great .importance .'to
the-agriculture of'the prairie,, too; is
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
v*
_
Everything ,
Up-to-date ;
. Call in and
ftseeus once^
JOHN ->0DBIELAN0IK, Prop.
FIXING    THE    BOUNDARIEft
Preliminary to Oraanitatlon of Rocky
Mountain   Reierva
The forests of tho eastern slope of
tho Rocky Mountains, sot asido a tow
montha ago by the Dominion Oovorn*
mont as tho Rocky Mountain Forest
Ruuovvc, lmvo 11 tremendous influonco
on tho life of the provinces of Alberta
and Saskatchewan, Not only aro
thoy. vnlunblo for tho timber the supply, but thoir proaorvatlon nnd pro*
{j_r management means much In the
waa. of rcautaUttg the flow   ot   the
the regulation ofthe flow~of the rivers
so as to maintain the level of the moisture' in the- soil. _•.- \ ', '
,'The first work" undertaken in con-'
riection with the' reserve-was the locating of the-boundaries. * Two .parties- of the" Dominion, Forest ..Service
were engaged all" last summer ''(1910J^
in marking out „the'boundaries of the
reserve. One' of these, under Mr. G.
H. Edgecombe/ B.Sc.,'* B.Sc.F,, .worked
south from Calgary to the Internatlon-
al boundary; the other, under Mr. P.
Z, Caverhill, B.Sc., started at Calgary
and worked northward to a point almost due west of Lacombe, It Is expected that during the coming summer the rest of tho eastern' bound-
nry of the reserve will bo located aa
far as its northorn boundary (some
fifty miles north of the latitude of
Edmonton).* A full report of the work
done during tho summer of 1910 has
Just beon published.'
.,  Land  Included in the Reserve
Tho boundary ns fixed by Order i'n
Council wns found to a lnrgo extent
unsuitable* nnd tho, rdcommendod
boundary ,1s ln-almost. nil enses to tho
enst of it. Tho main principle followed ln fixing tho.eastorn limit wns to
oxcludo from tho rosorvo nil lnnd suited for, farming, Tho altitude,' or
holght, nbovo tho son-lovcl, wan nnotlior Imporlnnt consideration In fixing
tho Hnd, Manyvnlloys'ai'o Included
In tho rosorvo which nro quito suit ablo,
for grnzlng, ■ ■   ' \
Whnt Fires Have Done   .
Immonso dnmngo hns been dono to
tho rosorvo by forost flron, Probably sovoiity-flvo por cont. of tho area
hns been burned ovor, In* tho north
Mr, Cavorhlll ostlmntos olghty por cont
of tho country hns boon burned within
tlio last fifty yonrs-—Blxty por cont of
this nroa within' tho pnst twonty-flvo
years.
Tho abundnnco of lodgopolo plno (a
nonr relative of tho oastorn Jnck, or
Bnnkslnn plno) ntul poplar on mnnv
trnctH In tho rosorvo Is n sign of flro
having pnsBcd ovor thom. Tiie«»
(.•cos nro tho first to spring up on
burned ovor lnnd nnd by their rapid
gtrwth thoy distanco othor trr-oi nnd
form tho first forost, In tlio northorn
pnrt of tho region nhoul «r*voiity*tlvo
por cont of tho country It envomrt
with n forost of lodgopolo plno unmix*
od with any othor speclos,
Of nn nvr-r, nf M^l-it ivcmdrod a**ju!ire
milos ■Nwnwl bv tho southorn pnrty
tho distribution of • tho lnnd wns ns
fjllowB: Tlmbor, 9 por cont;,spruce
and plno polos (a .tree of polo also
•s ono from four to eight Inches In
d'atnntorV 31 nor rent: nine nnrt pon*
Inr, 26 por cont;. poplar, 10 por cont.;
open grazing land,l*l por *?ont; bare
rot-It, 10 per cont,
Game and Mineral Riiouress'
Gnmo was plentiful In all tho icgion
traversed, null, cut-throat and grey
trout abound in tho rivers, nml, i.i
thoir respective districts, duck, grouso
and prairie chickens, roooio, oik,*sheep
and many kinds of fur-boarlnK animals
are found.
Among tho mineral resource* of tha
country nro tho coal bods, oilfield!
(In tho south) and (jusrrieo of build*
ing stoibe.
HOTELFERNIE
-■'    The-Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading Commercial
1      - *
and Tourist House ,   "
S. F.WALLACE, Prop.
and Sale Stables
First class HorBes for Sale,
Buys Horses on Commlslon
- : : 0
George Barton    Phone 78 8
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local Genoral Toamstors No.
HI, Moots ovory .Friday night nt
8 p. m. Minors' -Union Hnll, W.
A, Worthlngton,, Prosldont; 13, J.
Good',' Socrotnry,
Bsrtondars' Local No. 614: Moots 2nd
and 4th Sundays nt 2,30 p.m. Secre*'
tary J, A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U, M, W, A.
Moots 2nd nnd .th Thursday Minor*
Union hnll,    1)_ Hoes, 3e\
Typographical Union No, B6S" Moota
InBt Saturday In onch month at tho
Lodgor'Offlco. A. J,;iluckloy, Socrotnry,
Locai t-ernio Mo. 1/ ti, f. of G. Moota-
ln Minora Union IIM evory Suuiiuy
nt 7.*ll> p.m. Everybody welcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
-'-   l
■• \ 3
v- •* fl
■.'if
*•* -ci
:i
- ti
.. ***i
,v 1
T__r
Amalgamated Society Carpenters and
•Joinef*;—Mfret in Winers Hail evory
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
. Ward, secretary, P. O. 807.
t
United Brotherhood of Carponters an*
Jolnere.—Locftl 1220. D. J, Evans,.
President; V. 11, Bhaw, Secretory.
Dr. de Van*• Female Pill*
(t itlliblf Piwch nc ilitor. new (till. Thr**
pilli ir* -uewaiaiW nowwful In rtfi_l-._.nf th*
tturstUsportionoTAsImuUiyitmi. Kthia
ail chup Imlttt last. Or, da tea 'eat* sold it *
JM boiler thrM lor 110. Mill*, to*nT*Mm"
«_• iMlHlf bra« Ce., au C^tLrtueaVOet,
Fer dale at Bleasdell. Drug Store.
rrfe-, fp  _ itf^.**
fA.   ^-  u<  >« &«» ,-•:
"ri *"i-.*i» *v:>_ ■>*:
,-■>..
-.
- .■
**'   *.
THE .DISTRICT LEDGER/ FERNIE^ B. C, JULY, 8, 1911.
PAGE  SEVEN
^h^^e^sN^Sifor^, 'Y'{
■;:■:■;;   Ouff^^ig{n pothers I
I
WESTMORELAND,' PA., JE    •     7
-.,-  ■■"-•'   WRUSKOM V-AMERIKE.
_ _*.
».
* - 7W«s**aiorela_d, 5e ,'v -Amerlk*?;'v* tej
'*- Au .itiike/c ktorej sa;v celou.*3Y»'.e my-
** sii. 2ejejednou z riajsvobbdrieJiUch. ze-
. mi,.,   Je - ale. len na papieri, y skutoc-
- nosti stavaju sa tuve'cl.'ktorS by ne-
boly ihoine v "despotlckom Ruskii. Je
to teraz 15 mesiacov, Co nnrVPestmore-
landskej okolici yypuknula-stavka, banikov... Mali natol'ko "poctivu pracu"
•ire z nej nemobli.ani seba u21vit', a
dlelne, v ktorych si touto- "pbctivou"
pracoii" zarabali biedne Sivobytle, boly
tak ist*e, ie"nebolo dna, aby sa tam
• neprlhodllo, neSt'ostie.    Teda  Hadne
- otroceniei a • 2iadne mordarne, poctlya
| praca a eSte poctlvejSe bane. ..No banl-
.ci predsa zastrajkovall, aeste doposlal'
| .trajkiiju. . VJteledok,. -tohoto Strajku
t* je" doposlal* nasledujuci;  21 banikov*
stavkarov zahlt'o pollcajtml, deputy Serif mi a. inyml klackarml;  Sest', 2ien,
manfcc-liek banikov-stavkarov,   zomrelo
na-Medkom p'oranei'ja,-kto'rSho sa lm
. Joslalo,u2*od s'pimr-riutfch kiackarov;
"8t..rl deti,zomi*ete,*s-tej.samej priSlny:
yySe 400 mrt?eh; Vnemluvniat;. pod, 1
rok   ,staf"ych'j More" 7 zomrely    nas-
.* .edkom nedosfa'.ku potravy a pr.sr.'.-e-
' Sia; tri-razy tol'ko ■ zhifienych, malych
^Slvbtbv,-nasledkora slabosti matiek.'v.
dobe .druheho'Stavu; viae ne2 200 ban-
iko v-stavakarov\t'a2ko poraneno', bru-
talhym1 Jednanim policie, tak 2e - tito
1 banlci nikdy' nebudu  schopni 'yykon-
avat' nejaku t'aJsiu, pracu; viae ne2
'40 ospb, va-5§inou ieny,,* pomiatlo', sa
, na roziime, nasledkom brutality ater-
.roru, ktory tam zaviedla' pblicia,'' mill:
cia, deputy Serifovja a kozacii-viac ne2
- desat'-'tisic banikov, vybnato bolo z
„tohptq okresu   nasledkom , persekucie
7 so strany Wackarov,. ktorych si najala
," spolo5nost'.-7i'Tito opustill okolicubez
centa a nuteni ball ochlade is rbdinaml
',ani. zver   dlvo  sa-, potiil'ovat'.-, Zeny
,. z'amdlievaly a.mnohe sa z'toho zblaznily
. tak ie dnes su v ustavoch-pre choro-.n-
'. ysel'n*ych,". a tak .padly verejnostl ni
' -bbtia_i , .",.'..*
■'*";  Toto * je len mali-21«r Ciastka-, toho
prenasledovania 'autrpenia ktor&nu su
"banici  na"* AVestmorelandskej   'okolici
7vy.tfE.venl. .'..Patnast', mesiacov   trpia
•' .tieto surovosti,'' patriast' mesiacov stra-
■ ','daju'na.jedle, Satstve a b-yyani, a niet
^ndoposialu^afnosti7Tze"^Mra"danie—toto*
-bude "ukonfiene.", '.ESte* v2dy je tam
.'" yyfie 10,000 b'anlkby, ktorl.so'svojiini
*< rodlnami byvaju vcha'trnych st'anbch
, ..s, mlzern^ch drevenf-ch Sahdach, vedl'a
.t$>ch bant, kde predtjm . v 7'poctlveJ
'   praci" hladovali. a kde-teraz na ich
**. mieste "poctlve ' pracu ju" skCbi, 4nad
vktor^mi bdie'cela ajC^adaozbrojenych
, otrokarov.    A k tJcjIo vSetk^m vra2-
dam,  pachanjm ne;\bezbrann^ch ro-
y hotnlkoch, Ich Zenac^i detoch, pojl sa
eSto ten sniutivJ' fakt/iSe sta a sta 2len
in muiov bolo, zntknuto,- do ialara o<}-
viefiono a-tam anl'so'zvleratml ho^s
nlml "nakladano.     President   Feehan
hovori, ie 8-robotnlkmI takto zatknut-
" *yml bolohanebne znciindzario a ie lm
, ' bola qdoprota akakol-vok pbsluha.   ■'
- , * .lake pomory naZlvt*,*j'ti' groensburgskl
a Westmorelnndskl rphotnlcl, o torn
nnjlepSlo hovori zprnva NT1 P. Weavora,'
,   Ciena PonnsylvnnskoJ fedoraclo praco,
-ktory * pomory, tloto vyfiotrlla na kon-
A'oncji vfiotk^ch orgnniBOvnn^oh robot--
"nlkov ktora bola vydrlSlavana v Oiooiib
_ burgu,' Pa,, dun 1, a 2, novombra, 1010,
•zpravu tuto prodbstrel,     Zprnva tnto
. , _nlo:    * ' ;
"'"   "Vo Westmorclniidskom okroso vy-
' puknula stavka banikov nasledkom
fipatn-yoh pomorpv, a mlzornfiho zacha*
-dzanla b robotnlkml so strany popo*
canaCov,'" Vyfio dvadsnt' tlslc muJiov
ich ilon a dotl Btojl duos v urputnom
IjoJI protl kapitalu, v boji za kus chloba
v boji za bledny a strastlplny Slvot.
•Cltod'to coz tuto okollou, a vy tnm .na
jdoto pomory, und ktoryml sa zhrozlto,
Podlvnjto sa na ich ustarond tvaro, na
.  ich Ypadl-2 o£l a zliiutonfl toln, a vy sn
nobudoto d'nlej po pomoroch p*?tat',
' Podlvntjto sn lon na tlo do hnndlor
gaobalond kostry dotl, a vy lined' po*.
nato, Jako na tu s tymlto otrokml znch-
ndzn.     Vy budete slySat, od mu?,ov,
illen alebo deti tnU6 vocl, So Bn nnd
, t?m pozastuvlto n snml sobn sn ony-
tato; Jo to molnd, v syobodnoj AmocI*
ko, v XX, Btolotl/v dobo humanity,
Ict'osfauHtava a olvlllnnclo?  7a\ to Io
tlto robothlcl tlto prlslufinlol I'udske]
■spoloc nostl Slndnju bI vn«M Mxin chlo-
, Tia pro sobn, pro svojo Sony a pro svojo
"dotl, preto su odhodonl   a  odkopnuti,
vpiso'yali na iykety meri'a t^chtb" sud-
coy. Tato tyrannia, spachana na ro-
botnikoch poSas ,volieb, bola jednou z
pri&n tejto stavky.-^-Roynost L'udu.
NOTICE~OF 'ASSIGNMENT
WHAT IS THE MATTER?
*     By Duncan McDonald,
(Secretary-Treasurer . of ' the'.. Illinois
":       "       Mine Workers'' ■'- 7 - -" **
hor§ie'ne*V*2 smradut^ a nanlchodne od-
padky. . Miestne I statne urady v=pln-
om zheni vyslySaly 2iadbsti majitei;by
b. pom'o'c; proti*1 bezbrarinjm .banikom
a s" celou vehemencibu vrhly ,sa do
boja*.proti .vykorist'ovanynrbanikom;
postavily proti nim celu Statnu policiu,
upotfebily proti nlhi' vgetkjch- zakoni-
tyeh , i nezakonitJch. prostriedkov,, a
aby mohly kapitalu pomocet', neStitily
sa ani vraZdy. Mnohi< boll' kopani,
brutalne pklicami bits a'vra2deni. Za-
lare su preplnenj mu2ml,-Sena'ml a
dietkami na za' klade vyniyslenych 2a-
lob."   ' '.-,-"'
'"' Francis Feehan, preseda. dl.triktu
cts, 5 U. M, W. of A„ hovori v svojej
zvlaStnej zprave o pomeroch na West-
morelandskej okolici, pod ohlavenim
"Inhumanity 'of Coal Barons, Deputies
and State Constabulary" (Nel-udskosf-
ulirobaronov, deputovan*fch Serlfqv,, a
Statnych kozakov, nasledujuce:
"Od tej-doby; Co stavka tato vypu-
lcnula,,,banlci a ich rodlny boly vysta-
ven*5 tomu najneludskejSiemu zachad-
zaniu, jak«3ho sa kedy" dostalo robotni-
kovl a'jeho rodine, ked' vstupll do boja
za va<£Sl kus ^hleba a za zlepSenie
"syojlch,, pomerov. . Jakonahle bola
stavka prehlasena, vgetcl kompanickl
uradnici a'Tiidia .v. sMbach komparile
stojaci siahn'uli ku ka2'dej znamej me-
thode, aby svornosfa solidaritu stav-
kujucich, "zlomill,- no tito vzdor toihu
stall peyne, Viae nes tisic rodin' bolo'*
v^pudeno t-?m najbrutalnejglm sposo-
bom. .; ■ - " ■<"     ,    •
Nemoc matlek alebo dell nebranila ty-
nito surovcom v.ich barbarskom iib-5-
inani.' 'Organisacla,:zaobstai'ala" staii^,
ale, nahonci 'spoloCnosti vSetko moZnt.
u61nili,"aby prehovorlli farmerov7, aby
tlto nedovollli stany tieto, na ich pozem-
ku postayit'. .7*7" . r .' . ,'.
-" Sta deputovah-ych Serifov bolo spolo-
Cnost'aml zamestnano, VadSina z nich
boll lotri,'ktorl nemali ani tej najmen-
Sej- ucty pred.'zakbnom..,. ',Tymto.na
pombc" bola statom. vyslana dopol'a
statna policia (kozaci). * Mnohi z vedu-
cich strajkerov boli - brutalne, za,vra2-
deni, ■ sta- stavkarov bolo 'postreleno a
'brutalne zmlat'eno, tak Ze,mnohi su-z
nich*0 mrzaci'na .do2ivotie~"7Aby ,sa
mphli,;y kryi Strajkerov kupat', sami
'u.poradovalirvzbury^medzi Strajkermi
Never before in the, writers'know-
ledge,, has' the, coal business'been in
such* a -demoralized condition, as "at
present.'*     '-   ■   ; *' '../ ''': ['.'„ '.--. ^
Notwithstanding'the efforts' oif the
capitalist press to studiously avoid any
reference to the matter the country ls
at the present time in the throes of an
industrial depression; or panic, such as
has'not been witnessed for many,years.
Some ten thousand coal miners are
thrown but of work In this'state^ alone,
and many of them are in destitute circumstances, and some forty thousand
others are working two days per week,
or less, and conditions ' are getting
worse.       -
Imagine a condition where an army
of fifty thousand strong honest, able*
bodied men, anxious.and willing tb
work,' b'tift day af ter:, day, week after
week, they wait aind'wait and wait,
and. each day'the situation'becomes
niore grave' and' far-reaching. '[  •
The small business' men are beginning to feel the effects of, the panic?
the large business houses are complain
ing," and the bankers are asking 'what
Is; the matter.
' -Why don't the mines work? * * The
same complaint comes from every state
where coal is mined;"the panic is general, and I;fear the worst is not' yet.
- Now1 what is the matter? Let us
see:- * '*-.      •,'*        ' 7 ,'
The miners of Springfield get 58 7-10
cents per ton for mining coal and are
required to pay from $2.50 to $3.50 per
ton. when-they purchase , a ton for
their'own use. ''•■*. -
7. In* other words, they get about one-
fifth' of'what they produce, minus
the cost. of transporting the coal
from the face to' the, surface.
. The' same companies has been selling coal—screened lump >coal—to the
railroads at 90.cents .per ton.
Tho1. shoe workers, with improved
machinery, are*said to produce twelve
pairs bf .shoes in order to get one
pair for themselves, "and so on along
the line.       (        __. ' .-:-   ^
"As a result, every wholesale and retail store is stocked'with'goods-from
cellar to garret, which cannot.be sold.
■Why?   Because -labor-cannot  buy
Pursuant to' the Creditors' Trust
Deeds Act, and" amending Acts, no.ice
is hereby given that Frederick Richard
Waylett, carrying, bn business in 1 the
Cjty * of 7 Fernie, '■■ Johnson-Falconer
Block, Victoria. Avenue, by deed; of
assignment for-the ^benefit of* creditors, bearing date of the 12th day bf
June, .1911, made ih pursuance of the
Creditors 'Trust Deeds Act, has granted and assigned" unto Cornelius'E. Lyons of,.the City of Fernie, aforesaid,
broker, all, his personal estate, credits and effects which may be .seized
and sold under execution, and all his
real estate,'In trust to pay the creditors of'.the said Frederick'.' Richard
Waylett) ratably and' proportionately
their just claims without preference or
priority,.according to*law.
.* A meeting of-the creditors'of the
said Frederick Richard Waylett will
be held at the law offices of Messrs,
Eckstein & McTaggart, Eckstein Build
Ings, Cox Street, Fernie, British Columbia'on the 24th day-of June, 19lf,
at ,2.30 o'clock in the afternoon for
the giving of directions. for the disposal of the said, estate. , 'All persons
having claims, against the-said* Frederick Richard Waylett are required^ to
deliver,to the assignee at his address
above mentioned, particulars, of the
same duly verified together with particulars of any security which may be
held, by,,them therefor'as required by
the'act, ,pn or. before the 15th day of
July, ,1911.*, All persons indebted to
the said Frederick Richard .Waylett
are required to pay the'amount due by
them to the said assignee forthwith!
After the 15th day of July, A.D. 1911,*
the assignee*,wiH proceed to distribute
the assets ■ among those * parties who
are • entitled, thereto, having regard
only to the-claims''of .which he,shall
have then had due. notice.
Dated the.-12th day of June, 1811.
-     ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
*& Solicitors for the'Assignee
Eckstein Building, Fernie, B. C.
E
Canada, and the United States
'. Been at* Peace for a Hun-
'*- -  dred Years
Have
A ^century of peace between Canada
aiid the United. States is the theme of
interviews obtained .from several
Canadians. ■■
•* Hon. Mr. Justice Riddell ,
"All parties fulh^_recognize that
political union between the\ United
States and Canada is wholly/ out of
the question. As well ask Michigan
to leave"the United States and unite
her destinleswith those of the. Dominion as ask Canada to unite hers ,_itn
those, of the United States," said* Mr.
>     BIG CONE COLLAPSES'    ."
The Vesuvius Volcano Has an Uglier
Appearance Than Ever   ?
;i The collapse of the big cone on the
main, crater of Vesuvius, gives' the
volcano an ■ uglier appearance * than
ever. Over 1,000 feet of. its former
majestic summit was blown off by the
terrific Easter eruption in 1906, and
now another 200 feet has been shorn
off its height on the. Naples side, arid
the mass which, has tumbled into .the
crater" has left a huge rent 350 yards
long and* close upon 100 yards' wide;
leaving the upper station of the funicular railway recently ' opened by
Messrs. Cool, standing cn the very
verge of the abyss. Any fresh landslide must inevitably engulf the station. It will be realized, therefore,
how narrow was the escape of the
thirty tourists who were about to ascend to the crater when tbe collapse
occurred. Tho adjacent towns of
heslna and Portlci have been smothered with dense smoke and showers of
ashes.
She
a potom ich mlatlliarii doby.tok.7Cin- "nek its_o\\:njipcoduct_'*__and_,a-sra-i'esult
IfracFstanoy Strajkersltfch pravidelne
.vypady.'-kde si poCinali ani d^lvosl.   V
nocl, ked'.Strajkeri so svbjimi rodlnami
spali, obstupili si nahonCI kapitalu Stra-
jkerske ■ leSenie 'Ja  zaCali  na' vSetky
strany," strlel'at', film  bolo nlekol'ko
stavkarov, zavraideno.     Strajkerl su
arreStovani za tennnimenSl prlestupok
a' to sam-5 je Cinene 1 s Ich Zenaml a
dietkami, tak Ze okresn? ialar.bol a
je vpravom .slova smysle stale prepe-
In?. , A v .2alarl °nastava, druhe pre-
.nasledovanle.    Nlelen 2e Btra2 naraba
s nlml ani s dobytkom n 2e'strava nie
je vobec pre l'udi, ale nasledkom pre-
plnenin dell a Spiny v nlch nnhroma-
donoj mnohi z nlch povazllve onomoc-
noli a'.'nloktori z toho I zomrell."   ,
' ■ NajnovSlu Iolrovlnu vyvledla banda
kompnnla platonych "ozbrojon;t>ch vra-
hov" v.utorok. dna 9. maja tohoto roku,
ked' obI 100 Strajkerov ISlo po verej*
nej cesto na poStu do Luxor, Co jo
asl 4 milo, z Oreensburgu.'    Tam boll
tlto muZovln' zastnvenl kozakml a oz-
brojoii'.ml deputy Sorlfml, ktorl    lm.
hovorlll, Jopo tej costo nosmu 1st' ani
dvn kroky d'aloj, Joslll iiochcu sa videt'
tam odklal' niot navratu.   Muzovla tlto
It51l iiocuvat' predsedu .Tana P, Whiten
a podprodsodu Franka Hayosn.   Proto
si stall do kola a chcell sa poradlt', Co
by mall urobtt'.   Alo krvei.lj.nivn hordn
do nlch v torn oknmzlku vrnzlla 1 s
konml nkocl* boll noozbrojoni a poko-
Jnmllovnl banlcl "rozprnSonl" vyslodok
toho bol ton, io Isty fnrmor.    Frank
Uuffnor, prlatol' Strajkujuclch banikov,
leial prl costo v prlolcopo s prostrolon*
ymi pl'ucaml, n Jeho brat, John Ruff*
nor bol ueinon? iiofikodn?m nsl (Ionia*
Umi rozml v tvnrl, nn hlavo a indo
na tolo,    John'Uuffnor jo socialistic*
kjm kandldatom nn urnd shorlffn, , A
tato lotrovska pollcln mala pravomoo
a pov^Sonn bola und znkon sudcnml,
Jodon r. nlch jo demokrnt a druhe re-
publlknn, ktorl boll zvolenl tyml Bnrn*
j>ml hnnlkml, ktorom bolo dna 0. maja znpovodnno 1st1 po vorojnoj ullcl.
Oviom, bnnlcl tlto novolill s|iomonuty*
eh sudcov preto, So to bolo Ich pro*
svcdilenlo, onl Ich musoll volti',   Urn*
dnlol spolocnoBtl stall v don vollob v
hudko, kde sa hlauovalo.a onl saml
List of Locals District 18
'NO,
•mi
"' 040
:t378
•flM
sm
•2378
i'877
1126
2178
2314
126S
NAM-
SBC, and P. O, ADDHE8B
fr.v.l:.;_uu T. 'iVluutiuy, liwiiKtiend, Alta,
npiwer r-rcM.  P.'cinui'Jilca, Ucuvtr CivoU, xU Pincher
notlovdo 'J. Burke, Ilollovuo, Frnnk, Alta.
Hlnlrmoro II. J. Chase. Blalrmoro, Alta.
Hurmls  Wm, fllonn, Hurmlfl, Alia.
Canmoro  N, T», Thnehuk, Cnnmoro, Altn.
rtdfimnn  AV. flra!.iiu, Cvm.uau, AliA.
Carbondalo,..i O. M. Davies, Cnrhondnlo, Colomnn, Altn.   HI
Cnrdlff.  L, Hucklns, Cnrdlff, Altn.
Corhln  II. Jones, Corbin, B. C.
Chinook Mines .,,, Wm. Forsyth, Dlnmond City, Altn.
Dlnmond City,.... Charlos Orbnn, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo.
Fondo ,..., Thos. Uphill, Fornio, II. .1
Frnnk O. Nicol, Frank, AUa,
2487. .Hosmor .'.' W. Daldoritonn, TTosmer, n. C,
.058   Hillcrest.......... J. O, Jones, Hillcrest, Alta.
Lethbridge L. Mooro, P. O. Box 113, Lothbrldgo
lothbrldgo Collieries Thos. Clsphsm, sec., via Klpp, Alts.
Lille W. Ii. Evam, Lille, Frank. Alta
Mnplo Lent,....... M. (Jllday, Maplo Leaf, nellorue, Alt*.
Michel  M. Purrcll, Michel, I). O.
Monarch Mine.. . Horace Woodlold, Taber, Alta,
Passburg ;." Wm. Cooke, Pnssburg, Alta,
Roynl Vlow  Thos, B. Fisher, Royal Collieries, Lothbrldgo, Alta
Taber  William Ruiiell, Taber, Alt*.
Taber  B,Brown,Taber, Alt*.
the workers-are idle'and facing starvation, and idleness' and poverty, begets
crime, not because the; workers are
criminals, but. hunger' and privation
will-make a .criminal out of'the very
'*•* ,,
best intentioned.
After one becomes a criminal and is
sentenced to the 'so-called penal or reformatory Institutions,''after one Is
compelled to be a crook In order to
eat, after he has brought disgrace on
himself and family, then, arid riot until then, does the stato Interest itself In
the worker by providing him a job.
It interests itself in him by lecturing
him with tho services of a'sky pilot
at the expense of the state, teaching
him not to violate the laws .of God
and man and advising him that* when
ho regain's his liberty to ngnln search
in vnln for nnother job, to again go
through the snmo old routine of search
Ing for somo economic mnstor to glvo
him work, providing ho is willing to
work for one-fifth of'the product, of his
toll.   '
It tenches him ngnln to go hungry
nnd half'clothed In search of a job, to
ngnln meet with tho snmo rebuffs, the
snme obstnclos, the sama opportunities'
to starve or stonl.
Not until then do wo, as a stato, intorost bursolvos In his behalf. What
a hollow mockory and shame!
' Why cannot tho state or nation tako
up tho quostion of providing him with
a Job, not by giving him on.flfth - of
the product of his toll,,and snvo tho
mnn from bocomlng a criminal nnd
mnko of him a good nnd useful mombor of socloty,
If thoy cnn provide him a Job of
hard labor aftor they havo compollod
hlm to bocomo a criminal why cannot
the stato or nation provide him with
a Job boforo thoy mako n crlmlnnl of
hlm 7
Will some of tho apologists of tho
prosont*day conditions plonso nnswor
AVI 11 some of those who nrn ranting
ngninst Socialism plonso explain?
Tho'intelligent worker will not much
longor .tolerate thoso conditions—not
much longor chooso between starvation and crime, when ho can remedy
those conditions by an Intelligent use
of tho ballot,
Tho situation Is Indnod grnvo nnd
tho rumblings of discontent can bo
honrd on ovory hnnd, ami unions somo
rollof comoH soon by conc*qrtod nctlon
r"n l!*.*.'■.._..!, ul Vuv •.»-jiih.Ii. ut tlio but-
lot hoy. then brend ilc-ls unii mw**.
will onnun nnd hlslorv will repent it*
self, and this nntlon will undergo an-
othor revolution,
.This tlmo It will bo for the flnnl
■MnnnolniM^*..   cf  *•;..   „^  y^^ yi
lho mlno, mill, factory nnd shop; tho
right to a Job with lho full social
vnluo of that Job without tho consent
of some master, or bolng compelled to
resort to crlmo,In ordor to ont,
This period Is mueh closer than
mnny ronllso.—Chlcago Dally Socialist.
you, ,- I want you to know. .*■
Yes. I killed 'them.. They were
mine. ," What did it matter to anyone? I killed them. I kill them every
night. 11 go through it all again and
again," here, on*"this floor, in this"
cursed padded ceil. Every . night.
-They smile .at 'me .now,' because they
know,"that I- saved them. * - -■•■
v They .were, sweet -children, alI_of.
them. .' .Fcurjlear bright-faced happy,
little  angel-eyed, darlings.      Until   I
HON. MR. JUSTICE RIDDELL
THE QUEEN'S JEWELS
Prizes   Most   the   Brooch
George Gave Her
King
Justice Riddell; of Toronto. " "And yet
we, should not forget that we are in
great measure of kindred origin, of the
same tongue, of~. kindred institutions
and kindred aspirations. We are, however, on both sides,of the line, too
prone to dwell on something which is
not-.our true glory. We'should all
think and say less of warlike prowess
exhibited' in the past, and think ,and
say more- of peace and the many
treaties whereby peace was preserved.
There .are many histories of the War
of i>1812;7but none of the arbitration
treaties since 1793; • and yet these
should be considered the real glory
of the past..'I know of no more useful
project ■ than, the .publication and circulation among our people of the story
of, these treaties, "lhe. proceedings un-
der them and__the.spleiidi_d_,result^-The
A diamond brooch, which was King
George's first present to her after
they, became engaged, is the jewel the
Queen probably prizes most," at any
rate she wears it and the diamond
hecklace presented to her by Queen
Victoria more often than any othtr ot
her jewels.. The. necklace has a spe-'
cial- place in her affections because
Queen Victoria gave it to" her on the
occasion of,her engagement to King
George.        '!..'
The chain oi* pearls presented* to her,
Majesty, on her marriage, by the women of twenty-three English counties,
is another highly valued piece of Jew.l-
lery in the Queen's, collectjon. Thirty
thousand' dollars was subscribed for
the purchase of tl is beautiful gift, but
its actual cost was twenty-five thousand dollars, and the br.Iance of the
money v. r.s, at the Qu.en's, request,
presented to certain charities. Tluse
pearls are often worn by. Queen Mary
in the evening.        ,    '
FOOLED THE YOUNG-DOCTOR
fell out of.work. Until your class—
damn "you—hounded me down. v No,
noj I forgot. ,. I'll -not shout again.
Listen. ■ I got. the "sack.' I'd been
there twenty years and then they-put
me off. r Twenty years, I knew no
other work and could get. none. * My
children got thin, and pale, and miserable, and 'ill. . Once "bright, - eyed,
rosy'cheeked happy little scamps be
came wan, .miserable, whining skeletons.    ,, >
i My dear wife worked herself to a
sort of ragged ghost. . Ha! ha! sho
did look' a- freak,' Excuse my laughter, ,but I "killed her too, bless her.
Yes, I saved her as well, .'' She comes
and kisses me every night when I'm
curled up In that corner, and wo
talk,t sho and I, about lho old days.
Tho hnppy dnys, Tho dnys' boforo I
got tho sack, Oh, tho splendid times
wo hnd. Tho ploasnnt home-coming
from work, the joyous ton-time with.*
my merry,",'hoorty happy children
nround tho tablo. I low sho used fo
toll mo of all their dear littlo funny
sayings aud doings during the day.
Thon tho gamo of baiting tho boar after tea, with myself as the bonr. The
romping, nnd laughtor, and fun, and
noiso. And thon tho bodtlme trip up-
Btalrs, ono on onch arm and ono on
my back,
* I know about thorn, though, I ro
mombor thom, Oh! yos, I know of
them. It was your clnss who did il.
You aro smug visitors to this plnco
now como to soo thnt we poor creatures nro well dono by. Woll, hoar
somo wisdom from tho lips of a madman. AVhy don't you boo that wo are
woll dono by beforo we got horo, and
thon thoro'd bo fewer potion te to visit.
Damn you, you aro too Intent upon
 .   No, no, I forgot.    I'll not ravo
again. Lot mo toll you nil, now I
hnvo Blartod, AVhon I lost my Job I
lost everything, Work, food, flro,
light, lovo, Joy, amllos, ■ comfort,
ovorythlng thnt wnB good to hnvo
My,furniture wont, my clothes, my
donr wife's rings. Hor wedding ring,
All went, AVIum I cnmo homo from
failure to got work my children did
not run to meet mo with merry shouts
and laughter, Thoy cnmo whining
for Dread. Only broad, And 7 hnd
none. Thoso children who had always
lin-1 plonty, -"'nntc!! hrcsd. ',"«_.« I
rushed from Iho hous** nnd took nomo
from n linker's shop, thoy foil on and
devoured It like wolves,
You locked mo up for taking tho
broad, And, I hnd hnd nono. When
I mme out ono nf ttiv llttli* nt.*>*i n'.i-
mind of* our people should be filled
with the grandeur, of peace, not with
the horrors of war.   'Peace on earth.'"
• *■*' .-Archibald McGoun, K.C.      »
"One of the messages to humanity
of tlie Prince,of Peace was 'Think not
that I am coire to send peace on earth:
I came not to send peaco but a sword,'"
said Archibald, McGoun,  K.C,  Montreal.   "And yet it is only Christianity
that can bring peace to nations.   The
citizens must force their governments
to respect'the rights of other nations,
especially -tlie* \vca_-:,    Foreign policy
Bhould bo magnanimous, but If mag*;
nanimity Is met..with a hostile return,"
a great Power must fall back on Its
Inherent force to maintain the Just
rights of its people.   Undor Canning,
Aberdeen  and  Gladstone, honest efforts were mnde In this direction, but
the most striking example was  tho
policy of James VI., thc great Peace-
iv.akcr, who  wns  In ndvnnco of his
time In Insisting thnt even Spaniards
were  entitled   to. the observance or
International good fnith.   Lord Mansfield extended tho samo rulo to Pagan
nations,  .Tho doctrlno of Anglo-Saxon
supremacy Is utterly pernicious,'   It ls
an insult not only to oilier untlons,
but oven to mombors o'f othor races
in thc British nnd American nations.
Dut .mud nnd corruption, oqunlly wit l
wnr nnd violence, nre subversive of
nntlonnl peaco, and whoro theso aro
UBod sentiments aro kopt nllvo whicn
will justify resort to wnr If tlio'Injured
nation thinks it can bo successfully
undertaken.   Cnnndn must assumo no
subordinate role.   Sho must havo all
tho attributes of national greatness 1ft
her dolnlngB with nil othor countries,
nnd this ls quito nttalnablo as a full
partner in tho control of the llrltlsh
Empire.   Towards tho Unitod States
we must show, not subsorvlonco, but
frlondllncss and a spirit of Justlco and
fair play."
How  His  Advertisement for a  Wife
* Was Treated ■
* .
The adventure of a young doctor of
law,,who was anxious to get married,
has been the means of causing nu ch
laughter in Paris.    Through  the medium of the Press, the would-be husband set about to find a mate, rec.iv-
ing a number of replies, to- advertisements inserted in several provincial
-papers r^-One-of-thu-Ietiers'was'SigHeu"
by Mile. Nc-claire, the proprietress in
her own ri. ht of a chateau near Maur-
iac, ,in th. Ca.iir.1 district, .Thelady
declared ber readiness to marry; and
enclosed the photograph of   a   very
charming girl.   Happy at the prospect
of meeting IiIb affinity, the young lawyer packed his hag and went to Maur-
iac.   There he learned that the cha-.
teau had been in .ruins for a century
and a half, and that.its owner was
Mile. Nectairo, who died rather more
than two centuries ago.   The photograph which had been sent to him was
that of a provincial actress.
ELISA WAS A ROBBER
A sensational trial has Just been
closed at Geneva with the sentencing
of Elisa Baumgartner, of Berne, to 18
months' Imprisonment for robbing
visitors in hotels. Sho was a member
of an international gang of hotel
thieves, It was stated at the trial that
tho gang committed between SO and
100 robberies In the leading hotels of
Switzerland, Austria, and on the Riviera, to tho valuo of at least $f)30,C00
boforo being arrested,
KILLED A POLIC^MA.-.
The PnrlB "Apaches" have killed nnotlior pollconinn—killed him In cold
blodd and In a street whoro crowds
wero passing. Tho murdorers have
OBcnpcd for llio present. For somo
weeks tho polico have been looking
for a desortor named Durond. who is
not only n doserlor, but n mnn of
notorious life nnd an "Apache," who ls
wanted for a dozen crimes. ,
PLEA3ED THE KAISER
Tiers'
■ JF POOR TiCHIT
Jnsble to, Earn an  Adequate  Llvell-
-.'hood he"Threw"Hlmself into      i
the River Seine '   }
The old story of "Hop ."-My-Thumb1*
has been repeated under* modern tcon*
ditions in Paris.   A few days ago, five
little boys.'the eldest of them soven
and the youngest of them two years       «
old, walked hand in hand about'tho    * *.
great hall of the General Post Office
in the Rue de Louvre in PariB asking   ,
for their father.   "Father." the fldeBt *
said, "Is a postman.   He brought us
here this morning, left us, say.ng thatl
he would bo back 'soon, and now the
lights aro lit father has not returned/    *
and we are hungry." , The five children were taken to an office and a
meal was given them.   The police Immediately   started  a  search   for the
father, and, after a few days, they     „.
found him.   His name is Tlchit, and
tbe story  carries its  moral, with it   *-
Tlchit was brought up in a monastic
brotherhood,- became a novice, but did
not become a monk.   He left the bro* '
therhood, married, and had five children.   To support them and his wlfo
he became a postman in   the   littlo
town of Sucy-en-Brie, where*the cheose
comes, from, and for somo time all'
went well with him and , his   littlo *
family.    But one day the deputy of -*
the district discovered that Tlchit was
a criminal.   He had not stolen, he had   <>
not neglected to work, his letters were    ,,
delivered punctually, and on this head
there was no word to be said" against
him.    But Tichlt was a criminal tor,
all that.    He had committed an unforgivable   crime   against   Socialistic .
France. . - ■
In the evenings he had augment d
his slender Income by giving' private  '"■ "
lessons, to children in the neighborhood.    For a State-employed man to
disregard- Socialist tyranny  and   the
syndical rights bf schoolmasters and      s
to give private lessons is simply anathema.     ■  •■- - .      .
. The Mayor sent' for'Tichit, and ac-'
bused   him   bf the crime.    Tlu postmaster answered that he had a wife   "
and five children.   He was told tliat
he must' either givo up his postman's
work or promise not to teach in fu-"
ture.   He gave up the teaching, and a
few weeks later Ii2 was sent "in dis-.    -
.grace to a smaller town—a little place   '
called Boynes in the Seiuc-et-Oise Department. 7 n.     *
It is difficult to keep a wife, and f_ve
growing boys on  an inco-re of 1-68
than $200 a year, and he did not keep.,'"
his wife very long.   Mino. Tichit fell .    ■
'ill and died, and the widowers skua-  ,
tion   became   more   impossible  than'1
ever.  -He was at his wits' end.   He,
and his boys.had lived on next to noth- ", ".
ing for a week.   There,'was no" monoy     _
-in—the_house"T™and7ti_e * postman - could •
see no way of getting any if he' coii-.,
tinued to !be honest. - ' ' i
So he put hopesty aside, slipped' into
the train for Paris, with .his five small''
boys, managed to evade the ticket collectors, and* arriving in Paris, wandered out into the streets, the,children '"
trotting after him. For' two days the
six of thom lived on the r garments
Tlchit sold one by one, but ho could
find no employment and no placo la
which to live in Paris owing to tho
little children and his poverty.
Then a few days ago, Tichlt, with V
his five children, went   to,   see   M. '
Puech, who was the responsible Minister for the postal department. Poor "
Tichit had no half-pence to spend on
newspapers.    He did not know that
thero was   a   ministerial    crisis   la  ,
Franco, nnd thnt Monsieur lo Minlstro '
was likely to bo busy, with his own
affairs.   He went to tho Ministry wnn
Bent from room to room nnd door to
door, and finally loft in despair and     ,
hungrier than over.
At first he tried to bog, but this revolted him.' Unfortunately for IiIb
caso, bo many beggars by profession
toll tho only story that ho had to tell— ,,
"No bread to cat, and five motherless
hoys"—that people proved hardhearted, And it wan then that Tichlt, ,
sitting on a stono bench by the Solno,
romombered the talo of "Hop-o'-My.
Thumb." Ho varied It a littlo. Ho
dragged his weary feot and IiIb flvo
boys down to tlio Rue du Louvro, anil
lost thorn in tho grent hall of tho
Gonornl Post Offico InBtcnd of In a
forost. And some dnyH Inter tho polico
found Tichlt. Ho Is not to bo punished
by tho courts for his dcsortlon of hid
chlldron, for It whib In tho River Solno
they found him.
Inspector Hughes
"Throughout tho nges It hns been
tho prnctlco of mankind to colobrato
the annlversarloB of great national
achlovomonts, snys Inspector Hughes/
Toronto, "and of vlctorlos which
markod epochs In human progress, or*
which broke somo of tho bonds of
tyranny and gavo freedom to a nation
or to a rnco. As tho minds of mon
hnvo grown broader and moro accustomed to tho vision of the tmo brotherhood of man, the tendency grows
stronger to colobrato the anniversaries
of deodB and dlscovorlos which have
brought Joy and hopo and uplift and
progross and hupplnosi to the wholo !
According to the Knlser, Gormnny
hns found In Herr Karl Schor-horr a
dramatist of priceless worth. Aftor
soolng Hchonherr's "Faith and Fathor-
landn" Just boforo ho wont nhrond, tho
Knlser sont for tho author nnd com*
pllmonted hlm In his customnry extravagant fashion., Tho play, ho said, had
moved hlm In a way that hardly nny
othor tragedy had dono, wlillo as for
tho Kalserln It hnd affectod her to
tonm,
SWINDLED TWO VIENNESE
A HurhIiiii baron has swlmllod two
Vlonnoflo out of Iheir gold clgarolto
casea by pretending to bo n rolntlvo of
tho Czar,
Youthful Marriage,
A girl who was unsuccessful In nn
^humanity" n_B'cKarly"in "harmony , 5p1*.,!cft'lo1" 1° lho **n . Mrtfprd (Huf-
67-4
1189
1233
£820
2.134
14
1353
MS!)
102
-*m
with tho modorn Ideal to celebrate a    olk»   l cl,<*  f,or, » "Wlion  from
contuiy of peaco botwoon two Rr0at he-" husband, stated that she married
nation* nnd to noto the marvellous i» m}° ovor ,wo y**r8 ««0' w^n "ho
development mndo during this won* wn" f,f,ocn yenr*» o1*'*'
doiTul ponco epoch.   Such a coleb. *.-
tion will do much to awakon higher
Wr."]*   W\   Vi?.V.6i\Vii   Sii   ihi.   i.ti»-»  tv.
mon and women throughout tun world.    . ,,, . u-j^,,,*.,, tt[ ,,.„ „„. of,.,,.,..-,
'StaT-1 ".JSSJB? _s*a='»"t *S "•? SSX-lflSS
I
Ari Aasri ftrHnlsr
*t*tfv Wlnc*rn"C, who h**s Insl*
dl-rt
" MAD -
,.13y Wilfrid Mooro In "John null.".
Yes. I'm mad. Quite mad. Raving,
roofing, ravorwunly mmf. Mad iu a
Hod Indian, or., a Houth Hon Cannibal, or a trapped rat.or a troo tiger,
or a hungry wolf—or a—. Curse you.
don't look at mo like that. Dut—no
no; don't go away,    I want to toll
dond. Dead'. Dond! Hond! You hod
put him under the ground, and I*—his
fathor had not soon hlm. Tlio neighbors camo In (o quiet my ravings, but
they soon went out ngain. Ha! ha!
Thoy didn't llko my looks.
1 .aior, I »»w thnt this little one
wns bettor off. Ho was not suffering
now. Me was not being starvod to
donth, slowly murdered. Ho wai bettor off, The kind nclRhbors wero
right.'   lie wan bettor off.   Tho o'.hors
should ho better off too. .
*       *       •        *        »
All viUUt loui*. I *ixt ho%\Ao them
and klxned their cold clammy faces.
I foi din) ihi-m nnd inmi-hl them, and
aang to them. Th .*« they are dotru
there In a row. I-ook, curao you,
look.    On tbat old sack with another
nations   in   celebrating   the achlce
ments of penco should bo a tuggortlv
oxnmple to nil notions, and It shm-ld
rovenl moro clearly to Ok at llrltnln
and tho Uniled Stales llicnuclvfk th
iii.^nc-ni  liit-i-*-*- Hicit) -wnicn   iH.iriii.i.1
g
tlio oldpsl Hunday school scholar In
I Kngland.    t-She  regularly attended   a
I Hunday school class up to within a
week of her death.
can yet conceive, which Is unity.
PLOWMEN WANT A GRANT
The Ontnrlo Plowmen's Asaodo I-:
which was formed nx-wi y, _a.» as,; i
the Minister of Agrl._i,li. ro for ii»**o
poratlon, and nlso fer a grant of $1,0 0
Dank of Ens-land Paper
A* IlluHlratlng tho oxcr-Hrnce of th?
paper upon which tho Hank of Knit-
land notes aro printed, It fs stati d
that when one of these notri Is twist*
cd Into a ropo It will auitaln a weight
of SI5S lb*.
WHEN NOT TO SMOKE
Should be Avoided Immediately After
Meals, 8ays Tho Lancet
"Smoking Immodlntoly after a meal,
which Ib usually condomnod nnd consistently practised, Is not nocoHsnrlly
Injurious. Indood, In somo ensos it
may provo bonoflclnl. Tho di'slrn for
tobacco folt by many after a hearty
meal In no doubt due to Its Blinuilntln*.
Influence on gantrlc secretion, nud tha
comfort Hint follows Indulgence Is, In
pnrt nt nil events, nltrlhiitnblo to tho
extra fillip given iIIkohIIoii." HucIi, nt
nny rnte, is tho vlow of a medical correspondent who writes to tho "Lancet'
on tho subject. And b-'cntisn in many
cuses tobacco gives this extra fillip to
digestion, smokliiK after moals Is pro*
fernhlo to tnklng a liqueur, tho latter
being tt direct Irritant, Thero nrn
iiiuuy cases, howovor, In which smolt*
Idk nhould bu avoided immediately after meals, aud In some cames dlscon*
tinned altogether.  Peoplo who, after a
\imrty m*ot, rv.fffr f_\.„. ;..,_,; ,;__,._.;_«.
Iiik feollfiK known ns dlsti'nstr.-n,
-..loui'l postpone indulKunro In tobacco
until some timo afur the meal, when
Die dlgtsllon la well advanced, and If
ihey suflor from exclusive aridity of*
tho stomach should dlHcontinuo amok*,
Idk altogether. j
.i...(>.,,I.,-,   _,,ln   ill.!.. 11*  IIUIIIB  )S Ul boi
dc-prt-rnlid, while smoking Just boforiil
■loir;.* to bed l» oft-.ii followed by In-1
iii'-n .i, bocaliHij thu stomach glvcal
• m v, n sr-nsatlon of hunger. Thlsl
Uiitr.'FslriR rnriRoquence may bo avrrt*|
d by taking eltht-r some l.jjtht food or a,
:ttlc- bicarbonate of soda before retlr*'
.CANADIAN  HEADQUARTERS
FOR SWIFT A COMPANY
old  satk  ov-pr  them.     That's  tlu-I.*
bod.    All dend.    All gone to soui.
wliero holier xhkn this.     I did it    Ij
did it for love of them.     Vie told |   TORONTO. July a.-The World will
all now.     If I rould rearh you' annonne-t* Io-riottoii** thft-t . i_ft »r_d Co.
$10. Reward, $100.
you
iv md't* »f im. t*t*t »w i* •**■«• t« x**m
(tut (-»•*• l« tl \r**X m* drradn) etmat U__.l ******
•*• Urn i*,*.** x* rvr* in Ul tu mmm, *>*» U»i H
dun* H«ir» V*l*m fut* M tlw mif fmMtm
titt* »mr ln.)»n M If** mMlmt tMrrnllf. UlUnI
hunt I •KmtHlij|KH»»l iHhm,**, TMtttn* n 0mM.l1>,
Uvntl lfMlib>*l, IIUI* OUr/ft (lo* te U»J» It.
irromlly. _Il»tf eirtttly upun I** t***l «*4 Moraul
1  .*,,„■ . .,•_,.      *art*rt*  at   iim   *r*m*. '**»_■»   anaru-tma  IM
I'd atnk my hands Into you and tf-ir tht* hlffPblrii.ro tw**t xmek*r* will tni'n iWJlUW. u vu *_**». «. tw_t «■• ■■wu-mu
out  your brarta to show you the!),over and operate the parking plant oft^fi^yl^|^ff^^TS5fS^,Sw
blafkn.-.*..     Yon and all your class. < the D. I). Martin Co., at UV«t Toronto, W^"* ?J^Z,^i!StttiX
Curso you.    Damn you.    You havo-- making H their Canadian hcadquartera. 1 <*&£;*r'wf J«i^m Tto^t**. 0.
•        •        •      • • / Swift and Co, aomtf time ago secur-pd!   *w*jh».nnTO«*'H«/:*_*.
Tbo visitor did not wait to lier.r control of the capital stock of tho V. j Jl^fH.lT!HTJ^SS!!!t "
any more. ' ! 3- y»"l» *W*_-»_ adjoin the Martin plant. THERE 18 MONEY IN LEDQER ADf lit   L    .
'Wig.*'?-..
"•£.'*
llw
iSK-'g-*--
|f __?£'
ri _'.
fe'C*--'*;*-:""". ""' *-".'$?;
./>----*s*i
SS-v
-._.*•     i**,ft*r*r  ,'   '_*•*".
1*^ 7
Is *
I-'
11 &tf.
I ■   1
ll:
H7,
I f 1
lit :' ■-
If. > '
Iir'
Ifi--.'-
r *■
M * -
for-
K"-
'S
-■_■  *
_     '
SI
l*>f ,
Is(   ' *
')>
I*
i
I-
I*.   "
IX, ■
■*,§<*,-
\ TPAGE 7 EIGHT
it
THE DISTfilOT LEDGJER, FERNIE, B. C, JULY 8, 1911.
ii
>_
i'
Is.*
1*5 *l
1.4  '
IS'1
\\ --
I' >
AROUND TOWN
Likely to be another general elec-
.* tion in Great Britain. *,   ,   ,*.--'
"■'7 Mrs. ,W.  N. Shearer left "for, Vancouver on Wednesday morning.
Mr: Boss, of Baynes Lake, was in
town ori Wednesday and Thursday.   '
'■ "Gold leaf, in the hands - bf artist
Hawthorne, decorate the windows of
the Home Bank.. 7 '•'
Mrs.' Fred Vance,;;who has been holidaying at theUioast returned home on
Thursday well pleased with her'trip.
Rev.' Cleal. of Bolton, England; occupied n the Baptist' Church pulpit in
an acceptable manner" last Sunday
evening. He is a good speaker.
.The Fernie Opera House Is _ drawing
good crowds these evenings and are put
ting on a good line,of pictures.
Reports from Hillcrest state that the
Arcadian - village/"nestling ,neath the
shadow of the verdue clad, etc., etc.,
(for further details see prospectus) is
the home' of a number of miners who
are enjoying their "vacation by playing football,fishiiig, gardening and oth-"
er healthful pursuits.    _ ■    '*_."',
June 3rd eleven aviators winged across the channel from Calais to Dover
without the loss of a single pinion.
W. S. Stanley was up from Cranbrook during the week and. arranging
"to  move  his  family to  the  Banana
:Belt.
1 Mrs. T. Biggs arrived Qhome Friday
morning from Vancouver, whero she
has been wisiting her daughter Mrs.
•L. Brooks. ' .
P. Kennedy, who has been up to
Edmonton for the past" few weeks,
.landed back in'town the early part
of the week.
Charles R.oux, who was arrested in
Hosmer recently, made his escape from
the city gaol last Saturday and has not
yet been re-arrested.
A political meeting" under the auspices of the Fernie Liberal Association
will be held in the Grand Opera House
on Wednesday, evening, the 12th inst.
Hon. William Templeman, Minister
of Inland Revenue,* Ottawa, and Dr.
Clark, M.P., of Red Deer, Alta., who
has mado a special study, of tho subject of Reciprocity, will deliver, addresses.- Everybody welcome. Seats
wll be reserved for fadles and their
escorts.    .
CALGARY TO GOLDEN
via THE CROW
_ Mrs. (Dr. Barber has gone for a
summer's outing and will visit Vancouver, Seattle and other coast cities
before.returning home.
LOST—A dark bay pony, branded
with three-quarters of a circle on right
shoulder and maiie cut short. Anyone
returning same to J. Biggs, Victoria
Avenue will be rewarded. 46-lt-p.
Dockers^at Hull,' Yorks., have been
granted their demands.     Railroad employees agreed to strike if called upon
, to handle .goods handled by scabs. So
lidarity grows.'". -" '
Nelson,' the Remington' typewriter's
energetic representative,' was in our
midst,this week advertising the merits
of the various well-known machines of
this old-established concern.  *   *
Methodist Church Ladies' Aid monthly tea will be held on Tuesday next,
July 11;*.from 3 to .6 o'cl'o_ck____at__the_
home of Mrs. Thomas Robertson, Pellatt Avenue, north-end.
A* dozen three-linkers visited
Hosmer Tuesday night by the ( _
and iUoLevIn specials,' to assist
Installations. All report a good time
and Maple Leaf Lodge as being n l!ve
bunch. (No shipwrecks, collisions,
or arrests are reported!) •■<•■
The Prospector, of Cranbrook, issued
a Special Coronation Numbor which
Is a very creditable sample of tho
punters' atr In every department. II*
lustrations of its representative citizens pastN present and future, descriptive sketches accompanied by excellent cuts of scenes in and ,around
Crnnbrook furnish tho best ovidonce
that the Banana Burg is decidedly on
tho map.    ,
"LastSunday was Decoration Day
with tlio locnl Odd Follows nnd thoir
sister lodgo of Rebeknh's. Tho dny
was Ideal and n goodly numbor gathered nl lho hnll at 2 o'clock, marching
from,thero to tho comotory, led by tho
Fornio City Hnnd, wlioro Bomo-IG
graves woro dccornlod, Quito a largo
numbor woro, gathered nt tho grnvo
ynrd to witnoss tho bountiful nnd im
prosBlvo coromoiiy of decoration,
BORN
OWEN—On Monday, July 3rd, 1011,
nt Fornio, to the wlfo of I'Wcs" Owen
n daiiKhtor.
The Calgary Automobile Club, ao
cording to report, intends to make a
trip from their city, leaving about the
10th, by way of the Crow's, Nest Pass
to Wardner, thence ' via Forte * Steele
up .the Windermere Valley. ,      , .
The route ,is in excellent condition
except a few points, and of these* we
shall, no doubt, have more graphic description's from the chauffeurs and their
passengers before the journey is ended.
FERNIE OPERA HOUSE
Last Saturday 'night the skylight of
the Fernie Opera House , fell down
when the evening performance of moving pictures was going on. The house
was crowded at the time, but fortunate-
ly'nobody received serious Injury;,the
worst sufferer, and we believe the only
one, was Archie Farquharson, whose
bandage gave him the appearance of
a wounded sdldier. " An addle pated
chump yelled "Fire!" .which' might
have easily precipitated a panl£ and
whoever the individual'was he, deserves a severe castigation. ' Fortunately
he was the only one of;tho species
prefent, as the balance; of the.people
kept cool, y v -. "•v   -,
 N EWS-OE-C.T0_ D._
C. 0. Deraburez is'still on deck and
exploiting his marvellous propeller in
Fresno, Cala, He writes that he Is'
still sanguine of ultimate success, and
no doubt his many friends who have
been associated with him financially
for a number of years past in Sand-
point, Kallspell, Fernie, Cranbrook,
Moyie as well as those living in those
places, the scenes of more recent experience in California, will be delighted when there is a materialization in
the shape of profit for the monies expended.
- As navigation is daily becoming
moro aerial proUably It would be of a
groater ndvnntngo to'apply tho prlnci*
pie to a dirigible* rather than to an
ocean going craft.
...The. fact that .practically", every union of, wage workersvn Brtsh-. Columbia is "officered1.by. Socialist-Union*-
ists is no accident, as lamely pleaded
by.apologists';for the boss.   - It has
been the result of bitter experience
with  old' party dishonest  politicians
who used,, to lead the unionists into
the  shambles  of' the 'old-party  machine ' for cash and government jobs.
Instead of ,the Socialists holding office
because of indifference upon the part
of the "sane and conservative" it is[
on the contrary simply because the
rank and file -awakened to the, fact
that they were being ..used as-pawns
to pull the "political (chess)nuts out* of
the f Ire^ and proceed to "elect the whole
crooked outfit to oblivion, where;* they
so  wholesomely  belong.      It  It .will
assist tho employers' association press
apologists, any th© Socialists herewith
challenge the.antls, to. put them, to
rout:    And this because the rank and
file are BEHIND the   students of the
labor'movement, and the clean principles that beget clean men and" union
officers.    The Socialist movement will
survive because it has something to
live for.     It is but a reflex" of * the
conditions which brought it, arid • tho
men representing it, into being.,'' The
"Whistling-to-get-by-the-graveyard"  bf
the old party press is the best evidence
possible that the Socialists are becoming a "dangerous factor" to other than
working class interests, however.   The
fact that,'every fifth elector in British
Columbia' votes the  Socialist,   ticket
may account for some of the "anxiety
of the bosses' press to see that the
old-time standby "union". flunkies get
busy and put the Socialists off the
man..Too late! ;Too late!*'   ,   ,
* *        *        *        *''     *  -
i ■
' One certain  result- of the' -general
building trades strike in .Vancouver
will be collective agreements, expiring on a given date, ,in future. It
might be mentioned that .this is already the case, so far as the allied
printing trades are concerned. * And
that the' policy will now be adopted by
entire building trades seems a certainty, ' The allied .metal trades, and the
allied provisional trades' are likewise
taking notice.    ... , ' '
* * * *     '■* *      - *
It- will, require more than single'
tax or-the general strike to settle the
labor, problem.' The cajuse.of the present conflict between the ..two 'classes
has its taproot in the present form
of property ownership. , Until the
"mines"T"miIIsrT'ailways~fa""ctoriesrretC~
become the property of those who do
the work-the labor market will prevail .with all that that implies.
■  * [      *,".* * *,,*
The Plerpont's bread trust has started In on a little annexation, policy of
Its own, Toronto being made the starting point. It will come west later.
The trust magnates are doing some necessary organization work for the social ownership to. be.   ■
******
"No institution.has ever been changed by agreeing with it,"—Smith.
ownrends,*""The present has its code
of "morality-reformulated by. the present ruling', class and enforced'by .their
hirelings. >?;-'What- the future wj.ll bring
forward--.we "cannot say. "But this at
least is': certain: That the", true'-revolutionists"-of , to-day .understanding .that
the morality of to-day is the morality,
of the ruling-class of. to-day,';has about
as.much_resp'ect br regard for it as he
has for the orthodox political economy
of the same ruling class.—Hibennicus,
in.Western Clarion.   •'   '   .■;, :....  -■'
*■*,    .*.'*-   **..    *.    >-*
.•:V      " '-'.**    * '    ••.<>■•..<    ■
-Bellingham printers have secured an
increase of wages at the"* hands of the
National Arbitration Board of 25, cents
per shift; back pay to date" from' Jan.
ist.»,.    -   -,,   '.; ._'  y'    ;..
*' -      * J,'      *      [ '>    ■, _ *"-'"   ,  *'v
- Italian Laborers of Montreal have
organized-an association, and will'fix
a,.wage scale'and working,.conditions;
the founders also declare that the association will "protect new arrivals
against, labor bureau sharks."
$100,000 REPRESENTS 66,666 LIVE8I
Tho Chinese Mission' to tho Coronation hnvo brought gifts worth" $20,000
from tho boy Emperor to tho King, and
Quean.
,(Ed, — Twenty thousand pounds
moans practlcnlly One Hundrod Thousand Dollnrs. Patriotism Is supposed
to signify sioal for tho wolfnro of tho
peoplo. Strnngo typo (his prlnco mimt
bo when,' according to rocont ro-
quoHts for donations for tho fnmlno
fltrlekon In China It was stntod thnt.
$1,1.0 would savo n humnn llfchonco
it In a slmplo nrllhmotlcnl cnlculntlon
to flguro thnt $100,000 represents CC,-
tlili] lives.,,
Phil\Obermeyer, Hamilton Herald:
"Ottawa labor men, anticipating' that
that citylwlll be given an additional
seat in the House'of Commons at the
next re-distribution, * will make an effort to elect a labor man. The suggestion has been made that the two
old parties concede the new seat to.a
representative of labor. 'It is to be'
hoped that the suggestion, if made,
will be turned- down. If Ottawa labor
men cannot elect a man without the
help of the Conservatives and Reformers they deserve to go unrepresented.
A labor member who owed his election
to any such frame-up would be of
mighty little use ■ to the people he
purported -.to represent.'- There Is a
sufficient of'that sort of .labor man
in the house at the present^ time.
* *'      I     ', * *    .- *    A- ,        * ,   *
I '
- ,W. ,D. Mahon, general president of
the Street .Railway Employees' International jinlon, paid Ottawa an'official
visit * last week. The , occasion was
taken advantage of to go after a number., of new, members, and,soon' the
*-.    ..' ,
union will, be-in a position to'have "a
say in'its-business of making the street
railway company's busines "possible
,. Toronto  unionists  in   the. building
trades announce that there are^ more
than enough ;job-seekers for the" jobs
available in the "holy" city.    -Now'j
will  some  kind  brother rise'in'his
pla'ce-^and'. telL us-where the "keep-'
away" sign ..is* to be posted?   . -,'   .
* • *,i.   .->•.**.   * * * *
•»', .*,- >. ,    .
. The Amalgamated  Society of ■ Car.
penters   and;. Joiners,  embracing* its
six'branches„at Toronto, has voted to
affiliate with-the District Council.-"' It
means" '*>*■ ghrc-en.new delegates, renre-
_ Timothy Eaton and Co, are about to
educate the middleclnss vendors as to
the virtue of/"compotition ls the life
of ' trade." , Another departmental
store is to bo established ln Western
Canada, this tlmo at Calgary..' Vancouver next! Onco* tho production of
woalth is pretty woll organized, and
with tho means of distribution placed
upon a scientific basis It will bocomo
easier to talk collective ownership to
nny but old-party hired legislator**!,
and the few who own tho natural resources of the country.
* .     *        *        *,       *        *
"Ileal estato pooplo aro not tho only
peoplo who tnlk lot*"*."
* *        *        *       '*        *
Evory ngo nnd ovory clnss hns hnd
Its own standnrd of right nnd wrong.
Ethics mid mornin, like all othor things,
lmvo, chnngod nnd ovolved. Tho past
hns Iuul jts codo of morals—formulated
by tho ruling clnsBOs of tho past nc*
cording to thnt wliich  Borved  tliolr
phone Co., &*}e pending, with good pros-
pects.'for a ".sigiHip*; and, in fact,' the
Electrical Workers have the situation
well in hand,, so-.far as, tlieir icraft
is .concerned." - Talk,'"as;,;.onei.wlll,
"floaters', make the" boss'*-slt'_ up-arid
take notice. T.Tke linemen are a fighting lot of feniaris in^the organized 'labor movement, y -Ji .y ■••■';■.-.'?: .■
7 . ***4* **;_' ";i*";■"'-''J*''"'1 '"'*' ''-
So .attractive, is; the .service', of the
rural militii in Canada .that the government was forced. .6*.hire 300 or
•400 beachcombers to' "bring the regiments to full strength", "at"-a recent
camping session at Niagara, Ont.\-,7"
'. * '"*. *•!''-' *,i'-ji._*. ~y *'_■_"- ,*'•".
-According' to press, dispatches from
Vienna"the Marxian Socialists of Austria have .largely increased their representation in parliament at the second" ballot .in* the general, elections
held June 13. For, a movement thnt is
"on the wane" such reports are at least
disquieting—to the other fellow. * ..
* >       *';      '♦        ,*\       «■'**"
Regina, Sask., Trades \and Labor-
Council'has shocked, the bourgeoise by
addressing the following* letter to the
mayor: . "Dear Sir.^-jWith reference
to your invito in the public press for
labor, men to take Interest In tbe coronation day proceedings, I have been
instructed to wrlto you and explain
that it is the opinion of,this council
that the coronation of tho King is a
matter which is of no concern to, the
working class, and that we, as representatives, of that class, have "no .wish
to parade in any affair to which we
are indifferent (Signed) E. COCKS,
Secretary."  - .   •    y ■;  .
*',;**>,  ,'7 *   -7' *     ' »        ♦
A branch,of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners has
beenn organized at Nanaimo, B. C', by
Organizer H. Manson,.a member of No.
2 Branch, Vancouver.-.
''"'*' '",**' * " * * *'
\ ' Be bf good cheer. . The goal mark-,
ed "Success" is not for the weary and
faint of heart. Present day conditions should - convince the most skeptical that there' can be no halfway measures, no retreat.' "The issue is clear
cut—Success or Annihilation! Which
will you choose?—J. J. McNamara,   '
. *       *     " *      * :,   *.    ' *
The Western Clarion, owned and pub
llshed by the Socialist party of'.Canada at. Vancouver, will hereafter' appear as'a monthly in magazine form;
instead of a weekly as heretofore. A
-monthly, party bulletin will also be issued. - :   *    . .    "
'■<.«•
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Gi^^iy Specials for .
'■'■■"' ',,-.".    .-    '* ,    ■ ' " "        '--    . , •**. V. '„
: Saturday and Monday
v . ',.       r ' j.■"',.,     ■ r- ■ ''''*'-'   .  * '-' " ■ •
Each Department is now offering special Values ■*
! .-' that considerably increase the purchasing power,of =
your .dollar..    Take advantage \ of   -the special
.  grocery values for Saturday ■ selling.     We saye,'
1 money for others-—A.iy.not for you?   •
Quaker Canned Corn, 5"tin's for ..........   55c.
Quaker Cannc,d 6eans, 5 .tins for,....[......   55c*.1'
Mason Fruit Jars, pints, per dozen ■-. 65c. -,
■    Mason Fruit Jars, quarts, per dozen , .*..'.....   75c'
1  Shredded AVheat, 2 pkts for......-.,  '25c
Post Toasties, 3 pkts for .... J.......... i'J.' 25c'; ^
;"   Sherriff's Jeily Powders. "4 pkts for'.. .'.", 25c
',. v. Wellington Knife'Polish .*. .v.....-; '..-..  ,15c.
■■■ 3 lb. Sacks Table Salt,''_for..v;:..-.. .,,.*.-./. ' 25c
-;',., 5 -lb. Tins Table Syrup ...... _;....'.".;..7.Y 25c.{
'. ' Sunlight Soap, 6 bars for ........... j...... 7 25c.
/   Lifebuoy Soap, 6 bars for .. f..-...'.'.-'.. •" 25c.V
/Old Dutch, Cleanser, 3'tins'for .-7. ...v.7..  ,25c_.
Ii.,C. Cane Sugary20 lb.-^ sacks".....;..'.."° $1.20 *" •*>
.. '.Potted meat, Fish and £ame,*in %* lb'glass'/v .7,
'    '*   jars .:...,*..'.-;'.: ......'. '.;...._...', 15c.  '
3 lb Tins. Economic Tea  _..'...'.'', 90c;
FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES '
Cantaloupes* Water- Melons,-.Plums,   Apricots,
"   * .   ■    "1 '     - f^** -.       *     __.
' . Peaches, Cherries/Strawberries .Bananas, Oranges, ■"
1 ' Tomatoes, Cucumbers, Radish, Lettuce^   -     '■     "  .
*v.
^♦'^♦■♦.♦♦'♦^♦♦.♦.♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦^'♦>
y«VOV«YC»-f•¥•¥• A-*A€»A«AliA0A«A«
EUGENE ELY
Tho world Cauious Aviator, will Ily at lloutlersoii J .irk
Lethbridge, Friday, July 14
at 2 o'clock p.m., in his
m-m. '.0 —, ^««.   m in i^ m.   Am.,   m*.. *      —  i.  mm.     ,«-**,    *"**■*-  mmt _.      mm «_p> m,  .1*
\j, \-i m\, Jl   J.,1li^,KJ     Jt\ i~^ X\\J Jl   I^jiJtix,i^i mJIa
Thlt i* positively the Flnt Opportunity ever afforded Weitern Canadian* of wltneailng
an Aeroplane handled by an experienced and expert aviator.
BLY WILL BE SEEN IN Hltt
Spiral Giide and Ocean Dip
Two of the most difficult feats ever attempted by any airman
Ely Day in Lethbridge
75c. admits to all parte of th* ground.
will bo ono of the blRgcat events
over (lulled off l*n Southern AUa,
Children with parent* admitted free.
The Fair Association will hold a Grand Public Dance at Night
WATCH   FOR   EXCURSION   RATES
";' The "advisability of converting" the
Western "Wage-Earner, a 24-page monthly, owned and issued by Vancouver
J__£feg,4_d^La_b_o_____C^
two years, into* a twice-a-month'fouN
page seve_-column. publcation,', as. a
preliminary to a weekly, is. now-* receiving the attention of the executive
committee of .the central labor body.
Recent events in the labor world have
shown the necessity *of organized labor
having a press ofitB own.   -,   *
* - *        *. '    »        *        *
"Trust him little who praises all;
him-less who censures all; .and him
least who is Indifferent, about all."—
Lavater. ,'
* *' *        *        *   ''*'*'   *
Experience in Vancouver labor-cir.
clos seoms to justlfyntho contontlon
that the got-ricli-quick upstarts are
tho worst posslblo typo of snob, onco
an'opportunity to parrot tho real article is presented.
"Whether thb Supremo Court has eo
decided or not, the trusts are tho natural outcome of Industrial evolution,
and our laws, oiir courts, and our constitution will have' to accommodate
; themselves to Industrial conditions.—
Victor Berger, U. S. A„ Socialist Congressman,
* *     ' *        *        *       «
, Tho relationship between cnpltnllst
iand laboror is the relationship bet*
Bulldlng Trailos. ween buyer and sollor; oach striving
Council tnltos'tho Building Trades De-'jto got tho most for thoir commodity,
lini'tmoiit of.tho Amorlcnn Federation nnd tliolr Intorosts novor identical at
of Labor a great ileal moro sorlously any bond of tho road,
than a number of othor cities that! * * . * * . ♦ ♦
might bo mentioned. Uocauoo of'ai So far aB British Columbia Is con*
Rquabblont h.ndquar.era ovor flno jur*! corned tho rank nnd fllo 1'iavo dltchod
Isdlctlonal hair-splitting tho Unitod old-pnrty politicians as union officers
Brotherhood of Cnrpmi.crs nml Joiners ' and placed mem hers of tho Intc-rnatlon-
hnvo boon thrown out of tho Building nl working dmis movomont on' tho
TrndoB Dopnrlmont, and orders Issued job, .much to tlio dlBgiiBt of (ho ornio affiliated building trndos councils) ployora associations. '
to do llltowlflo.     Bpoknno fllod tlioi 	
communlcntlon.
senting a membership of over 1,200. '
- -, * -   .-- -,« -,',i < *        *        *     -   * • ,
.'-.'-"''     * '       *  •
The *? International Association of
Steam Fitters,will hold its 1912 convta**
tion at Toronto;
- * * ■      *.,",*     .* *        *        *   -
' <Tho bartenders, cooks,, waiters and
waitressestunioris of Vancouver, have
formed a local joint executive board to
adjudicate all questions arising out
of the respective' affiliations, though
provision, is .made for local autonomy
in purely,craft matters. The three
latter" organizations maintain a joint
business .agent, .and also convenient
headquarters. The membership ,1s
growing, rapidly, and ovor thirty eating-houses have signed up with, the
respective unions during the past
month.
The first' dally newspaper reports of
the International Seamen's striko Informed tho reading public' that tho
Sfgantlc-undortaklng had proved a "fizzle.1 A few, days later tho same proBs
reports "soamens strike assuming serious proportions," and that lt had
'|paralyzed English commerce.' Vancouver'unionists will appreciate tho
significance of mich nows.
******
Edmonton,   Alta,
I'Lathbrlilffo roturnod I
Ub charier nnrt remained a local council; Vnncouvor took no nctlon. Many
othor councils Ignorod tho edict. Ed*
monton ovldontly IntonrtR lo carry out
Mm ninndnto, nnd nn n rotiRoquiniro
lho Aninlgninntoil Socloty of Cnrnon*
tors nnd .Tolnoi'B "wont out" In sympathy with tho Brotherhood; notion
that would suroly lmvo tnkon plnco In
Vancouver had tho othor trndoB In*
Blfltfd upon tho foolish ruling of bond*
quarters boon obeyed. Oovornmont can
only bo onrrlo.1 on with Iho ponnont
of tlio governed. Edmonton hns plenty
of precedents for taking no nntlon. and
proceeding to look aftor Its own busl*
»(._,_,  in   ub  Xl*)il   VwOi   tjliujucl  Dili*   (O
•*:inr uilvU'i- uuil wnjwjly j'uJJ.'Ji'i; _f
the jmrenl body. Thnt thin courso
will he pursued Ir the do vout wish
of nil who trndorfltnnd Iho nocoBfllty
for cfoRer federation of labor's forces.
+ 1   -     __ M)«.t*r , a    j    . t     w.it,  . .t      ii
- _.    i***-*«_.t,t.(f't-JLi*'_--vu*   *ni.    ^-^-v **.■•. t«_'_,>.'-Ji_*.w«fc   Ut«
pulps .nnd tho merging rather dlilnto*
grnllng of already too mnny unions.
Tho International Brothorhood of
Elc<»rlcnl Workors (Rold) have reason to congratulate themselves upon
Mm trnwth nnd rfflV-MnprnMif of lho
orgnnlzatlon In Western Canuada. An
nfrr^fmeril hn_T,h .on rotimimm*-','<*'1 with
Mio govermncnl of lho Provlnco of Al*
r>. rtn: negotiations aro now In progress for a now scalo with tbo municipality of Kdmonton; an agreement Is
In efffrrt b*tw«*«n their -MffrnltaUon
arid iht* n, .. m*>irir> Hallway Co.,
one or the biggest companies oi«ral-
ln« in nrltlsU Columbia; negotiations
for an agreoment with tho B.-C. Telo*
NOTICE
Applications nro Invited from suitable candidates for tho position of
Soerotnry-Tronsuror nnd Coiistnblo to
tho Town of Colomnn, Altn,
ToHtlmnnlnlB nnd applications to bo
forwiiidoil not Inter thnn 12th July.
HAllHV CAJIK,    (
Chnlrmnn Police Commlttoo
Here it is, Waiting for I)
VOR SALE--aardcn produce, Rhu*
bnrb.ete.   .Inn. Tjeonnrd AMnn   f-trt-nctti
WANTBiy—Genernl Servant; munt
bo good cook; boat wages; reforoncos
required, Address--Mra. J. A, Tor*
noy, Baynos I*ako, B. C, 3t-n.V.
j, L08T
On ' Thursday between Suddaby's
Drug Store and l'cllnl Avenue East,
via P. O, nnd City Ifnll, a brooch, circular ln shape, outer rim of Scotch
pebblfs, bloodstone nnd agafe, (-entre
silver thistle, amethyst forming flower.
Finder piennn r#>tiirn nnmo to Ml-******
Daniels, co. Wilkes* Boarding Houso,
Pellat Are. ,0-t.f.
WANTED-Clrl, for general.houso
work.    Apply Mr*. H. W. Herchmer.
TO RENT.—"Three-roomed House,
Riverside Arenwo, Wost Fernio; flO a
month.  Jos.'Leonarri Allan.     (*l$-ifup
4
i
I
In '.Corsets-
Cleaiing out lines of standard makes, Corsets tliat
are full value at'the regular prices.    But to-effect
a .complete sale, wc havo marked .the entire lot at a
-price.that positively "means a clean s\vc(jV -
95c, for any_0orset in the lotD
'They include values up to $2.00, and aii sizes from
19 to 28. ■ This is certainly a rare opportunity, so
don't delay as tlie quantity is limited.
Kimonos
In plain and cropo Jap Silk -also in Cotton Crepe,
very handsome Persian and Japanese designs^made
with low necks, strapped* with Persian stripes^or
plain Ribbon effects. A splendid' Assortment* of,
.medium dark and dainty light colorings. Prices
from $2,25 to $12.50 for full dress,length. Dressing
Jackets $1.25 each, ,     '
New Net Waists
i   ^
mado from serviceable Cream Nets, nicely tucked
tucked,rind trimmed; Silk lined; a very drossy
Waist for $3.75.   Sizes: 34, to 44 bust,
Seo our Special Lineof LiRlo Hoso fov this wook,
3 pairs for $1,00,   Assorted colors.
Take Notice
From July 17 (o 21. you may have tlio advantage
of free commiHution on what is best for you in
Corsets by Mim.Doughty, expert eoi'NClniro for
"AY. 1 _" Corsets. If you have had difficulty in
getting proper t'oinfort^from your cornels don't hunh
thiH opportunity of securing the right model. No
charge for fitting.
I
\ TRITES-WOOD CO. S
_
Limited •
I
i
I
I
_-l
1>0 YOU KHOW -httOI
Wanted to know tho whereabouts of
ono John Shone, ago 40 years; holght
5 feet 7 Inchos: complexion dark. Last
hoard from In Alaska, was at that time
thinking of going fo Washington, U. 8,
A., ov B, C, Cuusula, but Iuu uut
been heard from since.
Anyone knowing bis whereabout*
would greatly oblige by giving (nformiv-
tlon to Mr. Tbonuu fihone. No. S.
Bprlnr Gardens, Philadelphia Fenco
Houses, to. Durham, Englond, or Mr.
n. J. Mltlo, P. O. no* _»8B, N'analmo,
». C.   ■;
For Sale
9*
M
22 Acres Fruitland
at Elkmouth
Partly cleared and ready Tor
planting out. Good stream
of pure water on pro[K!rty.
Kany tavtittt. AdtlveHs A.J.H..
District L«Iger, 3. ernie, B.C.v
for j>articulnr*.
#TP "WW**"'!*"    ™*   '
_» jpyewtr* j_j|_t**M<t-"'i *
m
_____■_■_■
■■
*i

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