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The District Ledger Jun 17, 1911

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;•!,."r'-m': Industrial,.Unity is-Strength > ,."';_
i,.;7-The Official Organ of District No. 18. U. M. W. of A.
,-*->.
/.*.
" Political Unity is Strength
..Vol: IV.; No. ^8./
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B?0.,;JUNE 17, 1911.
$1.00 A YEAR
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ENQUIRY IS
GOING ON
to Gather at Michel and
Meetings Will Again
.he* Open to AH
When the Conciliation, Board first
began its'labors-.hero was  considerable  ' dissatisfaction     expressed
throughout ■' the. - press  because' the
proceedings were not made public and
after, considerable parleying" the decision ,was reached that" the. sessions
•should be,open to the,public.,,."**
.   The meetings in Fernie were open;
the subjects under discussion .^are of
-great., Interest because'of th'e effect
upon this locality; quite a number of
■ citizens availed,themselves of the opportunity to be in ' attendance.     At
.Coleman where, the    next-  'sessions
were held,the same,course was pursued for the first week,.during which
, time evidence was being taken regard
'ing the wages paid to the mineworkers
; employed  by * the. International Coal
"and Coke Co.,"and sundry other matters' all dealing rhowever with the per-
- sooaal.*slde  of the men's  connection
., with. the 'working of the" mines,, and
as' thej-pay envelopes in that,camp
..'are the fattest.bn an,average of^any
.along the'Crow's Nest.: Pass, -is' 're-'
- garded much in the light ,of,a.r trump
Ii___4__?^Jt-i^PBieratoJrB;J4?^,!l^_went
FRANK HA YES,  VICE-PRES. IN FERNIE
r i   '     •■ i   ,
I
ri
along, swimmingly so long as It.suit-
•*, ed,' the, purpose **. of the, .'"company:;to
'extract information" which they considered -would.advance their side of the
■'question.-       .-V-*-   --,-  -", ■■'-'. -\-
" '*-' The employers" have submlUed their
* statements, questions relative  to '..the
cost, of Hying hjive been:;, asked .and
■ answered,'0 explanations, of "'items of
expense' such as* union'; dues, etc., of
. more or less a private character, fur
nished in answer to the queries bf the
operators' representative. ,' ■ This, of
course, was  quito all-right, investigate every phase of the workingmen's
side of the question; how much he
-*• receives; how many, children * ho • hau
In what manner ho spends his money,
etc., and nobody raises an objection.
, Spread tho * news broadcast through
the press when lt Is favorable to* the
* operators side, hut so soon an an at*
. tempt,Is made to ascertain how their
revenue Is derived there In nn outcry
from thorn against such tactics", this
' was tho stand takon by tho International Coal and Coko Company on
Monday when Clom Stubbs on bo-
"half of - tho mlnoworkors aBkod that
tho flguree ,be presented which would
•how iho ooBt of production, know-
. Ing full woll in ao doing that whorovor
tho amount paid in wages Is high
compaYod to othor-camps, then tho
percentage of cost, of production is
sonslbly docrensod,    An a mattor of
falrnoBB [and, to onablo tho Conciliation Board to arrive at ony natisfac-
tory conclusion it Is osflontlnl   thnt
ovory foaturo that .enters  Into  tho
mining nnd selling of coal nhould bo
In tliolr liwndR,    On Monday this waB
tho most thoroughly dobated question
-that was brought before tho Board,
tho mlnoworl-orB* reproflontntlvoo iipi?-
In* tlmt iib their side had ntipnllci. till
particulars nelctd thnt tho opor.itoi'H
should dn tho somo, hut to this tlioro
wnn a Mtiibhorn.objoctjlon, nnd It wnB
dov.lrtod by Mie nonrd to hold lho mat-
tor In roKorvo for fnrthor consideration
•^hon niljoummont for tho day took
plnco,
On Tuesday,, morning the session
,waa opened at 10.30 in Prank when I
Chairman Gordon ruled regarding thei
publicity of the figures asked for the
■lay before from The International
Coal, and Coke Co., showing cost or
production that conformably to the
provision of the Industrial Disputes
and Investigation . Act which allows
that either party to a controversy may
have portions they do not wish divulged kept* secret so far as the public Is
concerned, but accessible to either
partyv in. dispute.
* From the beginning of this enquiry
the mineworkers^ representatives have
expressed their* willingness to * allow
the' public the fullest, opportunity. of
receiving-> complete details,- but now
that t/ie operators make objections
Just so soon as any information is cabled for that,might prejudice,their case
the mineworkers * feel that in self-defence, if only the arguments and evi-'
dence that,uphold the operators'-side
of the question is to be published they
must follow a like course in order to
obviate the possibility of Jeopardising
their, position.'* '
The Frank Company filed a statement as to wages, paid, similar to that
filed at Coleman b-y.-Mr. Whiteside'.
The -manager "of- the*.Frank- mines
stated that the statements'Just filed
by his company .would show ^ha*c^under present conditions, the mine here
could not operate; and that ho was
willing that' the', statement should-.be
made- public, at this:7/Miv,■ Stubbs
objected, -giving as his-reason that to
lailow_ft_^£atem'e'nt4C_iJeulate
Judice" the*- contentions" ot the -'miner?
for an Increase in"'-"wages'*to,be given
to'-' tbe^public,-' .y.blle ^statements that
'might tend to counterbalance.' such'
statements .-were 'withheld.'* would be
eminently unfair to theJm!he-workers,
therefore he insisted .that.the state-,
mont Just filed should hot .be.'.made
"public.     , 7   '7 ..
"" The, board then went Into secret
session, to examine these statements
iia private. . Fair Wage Officer -Mc
Niven arrived yesterday from-Winnipeg, and Chief Mine Inspector Sterling, of Edmonton, is also present.
- As, the sessions at Frank were closed there is nothing to roport except to
mention'the names of the individuals
who woro caled upon' to testify.   *
Superintendent Sam Shono and Sec-
rotary. Thompson, of tho Canada 'Consolidated, were among the witnesses,
but ..only general knowledge of tho
naturo of tho ovidoneo given' Is common proporty. -' *
William Carrutliers, 'a minor, explained that the reason' why some .received, big wagoa was bocauso tho
work being dangerous it roqulrod exports to get tho coal out,with* safety
to thomBolvoB.
David Stoon wao an oxcollont. witness and from hia answers plainly
showod that ho was * woll Informed
regarding tho subject under consideration.
On Wednesday, Charles Chestnut,1 ot
Blalrmoro, was on tho stand arid a
numbor of questions woro flrod at him
rolntlvo to minora being allowed to uso
powdor contrnry to tho Coal Mlnos lio-
guIatlonH Act, and that dlflcrlmlnatlon
ngalnst union mon had boen practiced,
Thursday, nt Wlio, Pit Boss Dickson
under examination acknowledged thnt
thoro hnd been n (front chango In con-
Idtlons during lho pnSt,yonrs, rosult*
Inp. In n sensible doorcase of tho earning cnpnclty of the contrnct mon.
Tlio Ilonnl roturnod to Col6*mnn, nnd
on Friday morning Journeyed to Mlchol, wlioro lliey nro nt present holding
a sonslon, *
Receives Hearty Welcome on Every
Hand--Rousing Meeting on
'     ' * ' -        '    ' 11 . o.J
''.."■•.'.     Sunday Evening
-. y   -">      '    • I ___. : :—
THE CONCILIATION BOARD'S DOINGS
Saturday evening when the local passenger from the East arrived a large
crowd had assembled upon the'C.P.It.
station grounds for. the purpose of
greeting Frank J. Hayes, Vice-President of the. U. M. W. of A.
Upon"arrival of the party and after
the usual introductions had been made
the Fernie Italian Band formed in line
of procession and playing musical
selections marched ahead of the automobile, generously loaned by Mr. G.
G. Henderson) up Victoria Avenue, followed by hundreds of mineworkers,
whose numbers were greatly increased
eri route when-;a' halt was made in
froot of the Miners Hall. ■
After ;the band had played several'mere tunes Mr.' Mike, Purcell,
International Board Member,of Montana, acting as chairman of the qcca-
sion.'in'a few-well chosen remarks
appropriate, to the existing situation,
introduced Mr. Hayes. '     J -.-;
■' The' Vlce-_Pre.sident.,_in._his_openin.
CanmoreMines are
Sold to Penn. Men
II, W. McNeil ft Uo„ ioftBoes of property of Cnnmoro Coal Co,, of Cnn-
, more, ono of lho closed mines, havo
sold their lense to Pennsylvania pooplo. .Two arbitrators hnve boen nt
work for somo ,tlme delorminlngf the
property's vnlno"B, nnd It Is understood a Imslii of trnnsfor has boon
nrrlvod'1 nt, Th> arbitrator for Mne-
Nell & Co. Ib 0, IF. Burnett, for buyers,
Jas. n. Nell.
The greater vmrt of the mine'n output heretofore has hoott sold to tho
C.,P.K..
lIMr-Ponnsylvinnla Investors ©vi»
dently reeognlxe the advantages of fret-
ting possosslon of Wottern coal areas
as this Is tho second Important pur*
tbiiso mado In the notrhcrn part   of
Albortn recently. It Mnltera not to
tho,workers whoro the eupltnl eomoa
from, but any attempt to foist upon
tlinm Iho Infamous conditions that obtain In Westi-nnwOnnil Countv of tlin
niul. in qiiOHtlon will not bo tolurntcil
by tho peoplo of Cnnndn.).
DIED
Juno
10—Patrick   Mnrlln, ago
years.     Native of Mnrkiliilo, Out.
Funornl from tho Catholic Church,
Sulunluy uiornliiK. Father Mlchol,
O, M, 1„ officiating.. .
McM-irs. Tliem non and Morrison, who
hnvo chargo of arrangements, notified
tho Bister of docensed of tho sad
event.
remarks thanked them one and all for
the splendid reception given, which reception he was not* egosttcal to think
was to him as an individual, but as
a'testimony of respect'to the. organization to which they, were all proud
cp belong.-1  v"'*:   <"f,': -' ''      .       ,. ;
,' Before proceeding further he hasten
ed to inform'his hearers that In this
present struggle tho International United Mine Workers^ of America were
standing at tho back of their brothers
ln District 18 and would contlnuo,to
stand, to the best,of their ability until
the strike was brought to a close.
This statement was greeted with loud
applause.    Continuing, belaid the attempts to sow discord In the ranks of
workingmen were as old as tho hills
and thnt even among our own membership there woro those who    allowed
themsolvos to be Influenced by untruthful reports thnt wore circulated
bjr Interested partlos.    Tlio assertions
made by the operators'thrit thoy woro
not ablo to pay the domands is an old
story; ono' whicli in tlio past has so
frequently boon found Inter to bo a
hollow' pretension nnd ln the prosont ln
stnnce It was'difficult to understand
how In a flold wlioro tho competition
Ib prnctlcnlly non-existing that   tlioy
claim thoy cannot pay a scale equal to
that of other districts wlioro tho competition Is much koonor, nnd tho cost of
living no higher, If iib high, ns In this
locality.' Tho United Mlno Workers is
now n body of over 300,000 mon who
hiivo built up this organization In spite
of stupendous difficulties, nnd ono, said
tho spenkor, "thnt I havo boon closely
eonnootod with evor' since I can romombor, In fact, may say, that I md
a union man both by birth and by Inclination ob I war Initiated Into Its
rnnks by my own fnther who wna nt
Ihe Mmo President of a Local In tho
Stnto of Illinois.    Wo bollovo In Inter-
nationalism and rocognlr.o neither tho
Imaginary linos, nor creed, raco nor
nntlonnllty nnd nt this point permit
me, my friends, to pay tribute to the
oxcollont way In which tho mombprs of
this illfltrlet nrn ronilnpllng tliolr flulit
In strict nccordnnco with llio best typo
of citizenship ami nUlioimli mnny dlfforont nntlonnllllon nre involved nil
nro nctunled by the one purposo,  ono
nlm, that of doing everything Hint Is
humnnly   posslblo to obtnin n little
movo  nf thnof.  nixriiX  Mi!*-.-*-"  f-f Xirr    ir,
which ovnrv mnn, woman -mul rhlM Ir
so Jimlly ontltled. To obtnin ronpopl
It Ib essontlnl thnt wo nhould first
respect ournolvcff nnd this wo nro doing nnd Intend to contlnuo to do bo.
Our (•Minn It. thn ftttnr. of nvcrv !.>•-.*1«
Ingmnn on tho rontlnont of North America nnd wo cnn win hy Htnndlng
shoulder to shoulder In support of the
claims wo put forth. Lifo should hold
out something to ench ono of un «f
moro thnn a more nnimni existence, n
grinding, Hordld struggle from tlio crn*
die to the grave, wo sh-fnild bn able to
enjoy, to nobler manhood a b-Mtor
woman hood and a happier childhood,
an uplifting of humanity to tho end
thnt we may be able to obtnin mere
of the pleaaurcs of flvlllzntlon. this
Is our* to get hy conrcrtcd  effort.
There is much to be improved, but organization .must be*increased. We
have seen that where our organization
flourishes there dp ■ we find a higher
standard of living than in,the .nonunion camps."    -
He then gave a pen picture of the
scenes of misery and degradation that
are found in ihe-unorganized camps
where men- are without even a vestige
of liberty* and the victims of a bondage more enslaving than those of the
chattel slave.  -'- **-- ,    •
There is a constant struggle in progress the whole world over .and to
fight'these.battles"workingmen .should
unite both 'on the political* field and
industrial field. •„ He then announced
that on the morrow meetings open to
everybody would be held, one at Coal
Creek .at- 2.30 arid the .other * in'.'the
Miners'" Theatre at 8 oclock.,.
■ Loud applause greeted the conclusion
of. the, address. The band once again
strueirup'and'tben-mid~Ioud""cHeering
the~ parly,', returned down Victoria
Avenue to the' hotel.'       ...    . '"
"A WINING MISS" A SURE WINNER
IMF. TAKE
CRANBROOK
place to hold these discussions was in
the lodge room, not by a handful of
men but „by every single individual
who Vas not prevented by unavoidable
circumstances from being present,
While enjoying the pleasures of sport,
baseball, football, etc., they should give
still greater attention tq those matters
which affected their daily lives and
the well-being qf themselves and families. He then made comparisons
both as regards the cost of coal in
Montana .which" was higher than in
B. C.-, and' yet the wages in the former
were on a better scale in the former
than in' tho latter, so that the argu-
ments.^of the Western Coal Operators
In District 18 In the face of thesefacts'
were very poor indeed.
J. W. Bennett, the next speaker discussed the,recent decision of the Supreme Justices. in the test case, of
Krzuz' tried under the provisions of
the Workmen's    Compensation   Act.
' "Splendid! Dandy! Excellent!
Champion! The best. show of its
class that ever struck this town!
That sure Ib some classy musical
comedj! Every single one on lhe
stage was a live wire from the turn
loose!" The above are 'some of the
many comments ,heard in " the lobby
between the acts Voicing the, opinions
of those who witnessed "A Winning
Miss" on Thursday night at the Grand
Theatre.,    , „     , .    .
The curtain was the only slow feature In the entire performance, as It
was about 9.30 when the opening chorus
was rendered.     .',.•.'
Recalls were numerous and generously responded to,      ' .     y
There was the • quintessence of
ginger undiluted in ail the eight' numbers of the first act and there would
have been twelve in the second only
that it contained' but-eleven.
To single out the artistes and give
one any more praise than another is
somewhat a difficult,,task to perform
but we'll" try to do so Impartially.
Mr. Backous in the "Land of^ Tomorrow" proved conclusively that he
is the possessor of a baritone voico
of wide range, his Jower notes were
clearer hi tone and ** superior - to the
upper register. -   '  ,
Mr. Chapman's abilities in the manipulation of the lower.extremities far
surpass.his'.attainments in the tipper.
Bob Dudley of Fernie is
Elected Grand Lodge
Officer-Shake
0    .   , COAL CREEK ■   ,:
At ..o'clqpk with the assembly hall
of the clubcrowded-io its utmost limit
and the atmosphere hot to the sweltering point, John C. Smith, President of
Gladstone Local stated the purpose of
the meeting, called upon President
Powell as the opening speaker.' The
President mpde a short speech outlining tho work that had been done by the
Conciliation Board up to the present
time of which they were as well acquainted with as he was, or at least
would be If they had followed the reports published ln * the Ledger, and
here ho paid quite a compliment to this
organ and emphasised tho Importance
of constant support bolng glvon to
their own pross, so vitally Important to
uphold their side of!the question and
to a cortaln offoct upset tho untrue
reports tbnt nro ofton given by tho
nowspnpors published ln the Interests
of tliolr oppononts.   ,
Chnrlos Qnrner, Intornatlonnl Bonrd
Mombor spoko' nt conflldornblo longth
on tho advnntnges to bo obtnlnod by
regular attendance nt union mootlngs
not only at times llko theso, but In
tho Intervals between tbo making of
agroomonts, Those who kick at
what Is dono at union'meetings and did
not nttond thomBolvoB havo only thorn-
boIvob to blamo. TI*> also touched on
tho dlfforonco botwoon tho wagea pnld
In this district nnrt those of DlHtrlct
10 wl-jlch Includes ih't mineworkers In
tho Blaboa of tlio United Slates that
border on B. C.
Mr, Mlko Purcell, In supporting tho
Blntomontfl mado by the preceding
sponkor relative to tho lmportnnco of
momhers attending their union moot-
Ings and loss discussion of nffnlrn connected with tho orgnnlrntlon on tho
outsldo, said thnt. fewer misunderstand*
log would result, ns stnlemonls ropont-
ed of what hnd boen snld by thoso
who were not llii-re to listen to tho
Hponkor, no matter how sincerely bo-
llovod In, wero ofton wrongly poimlru*
ed. The time to dlsrusB all questions
lo bo brought tip wns long before the
dale tho old ngrciimrnt expired; tho
Appear wiii"be~miw^t^~hTPfl"vy"Couri-
cll and] pointed out that if the decision of the B. C_ Judiciary be sustained
the.Workmen's Compensation; Act- is
of very little value;-:because of the
large percentage of men working ln the
coal" mines who have their dependents living outside of the Province of
British Columbia.' Although generally
understood that It was only aliens tbat
were affected.h© called attention to the
fact that it was not only these but was
equally applicable. to the dependants
of Canadian citizens and British subjects. ' If a Nova Scotlan mlneworker
came into this province leaving, his
wife and family back In Springhiil or
Littlo Qlaco Bay, and while at work
should meet with his death theso dependants living back-- East, oven
though born Cnnndlnns would bo deprived of any bonoflts under the B.
C. Compensation Act Just tho same as
If they woro living In a forolgn country. ' Exponsos of carrying this caflo
to the .highest court af the British
Empiro would bo hoavy and It Is tho
bounden duty of all workingmen affected to pay their share of tho burden, j
The quartz minors and tlio coal minors
would do thoir pnrt, but It wan not
Just that thoy only should carry the
entire burden.
William     Diamond,'    International
Board Mombor from Michigan, npoko
briefly upon the financial aspect Involved at tlmoB llko theso and hoped
that thono who could obtain omploymont    clncwhero In  tho meantlmo
should do so In ordor that tho load
might bo lighter for tliolr fellow workers who were paying the assessments.
Vleo-Presldcnt TInyes then spoko for
nbout linlf*nn-hoiir, repenting tho re*
mnrku ho mado In Pernio nnd Colomnn
thnt tho International body wns with!
thom In their struggle   HIa discourse;
prnctlcnlly of tho snmo tenor na thnt
delivered nl Pernio, wns Illustrated hv
enocdotofl npproprlnto to the occasion
which wero grently enjoyed by his
hearers, and when ho concluded wns
roundly cheered,     The nft«*-rmnth of
tho mooting showod ronclnslvely the
lionoflfilnl offocta upon tho minds   of
Mr. Bloom is a 21 carat comedian
and anybody wh*). wirt not compiled
•to'iaiigh at'his ftmnicsStJes would.iiet
a.steady engagement with a dime r..*****
seum as a freak-without parallel.1
J. E. Coghlan wis ci rclcal enough to
be an Irishman--who had kissed >he
Blarney 'stone, or taken the prize nt
Donnybrook FjK; _
Now for the kidif.s "The Winning
Miss" is a dainty, winsome animated
piece of Dre3d3*i clr'nn, and has two
distinct voices when einglng, but wo
prefer the other one becnuBO of Its
mellowness.
(Which ono?)
Huitlo De Vo'i is libout the sprinirest
facial nnd figure conloidonlst we linve
©ver clapped eyeB on. Supplo as a leopard, lissome as a willow, there Is
a fascinating charm .about her saltatory (good word this) efforts thnt Is
unique In charactor.
Graco Manlove has a really,sweet
volco uniform, In tone, woll bnlnncod
and under porfect control, not spoilt
by any of those concoltB of throat
warbling (wobbling Is tho bottor expansion) so common ln musical comedy nrtlfltes.
The choruBOB playod up In first-
class Btylo, tho costumcB woro rccber-
chos the singing faultless. Now, whnt
moro can bo snld thnn thiB—that those
who mlflB "A Winning Miss" . uro
Btiroly missing a treat.
- Meeting "one, bf the delegates who ,
returned this morning from the Odd .,
Fellow and Rebekah Convention at
Cranbrook, and asking for particulars
as to what kind of time they had had
we were told "We could not have been
better entertained anywhere, and the
Cranbrook people one and all who
have such a well deserved reputation
for hospitality surpassed all previous
records. A gumptious ' banquet for
400 guests was served up that was
■ l * "x .
not excelled even at the festive board
of the late Sir "John Macdonald, ' of
whom our informant was a guest years
i ' ,
ago.
As all-round entertainers Cranbrook
citizens cannot be -excelled, arid have
but few equals anywhere." -   * '
The Grand Lodge of the I. O. O. F. '-
for the ensuing term are: _.- , ■ *
Grand-?.{agter—Wr-HrCuIIinT-Victoriari
Deputy Grand Master—W. A. Johnson, ,
Vancouver. ' . y  -Ir  \
Grand Warden—Robt. Dudley. Fernie.
Grand "Secretary—Fred Davey," VIc-
'toria." , ■ y .- ', '.; _' .
Grand Treasurer—H.! . White,".' Cranbrook. "'■;"' ' ; *"", -'7
Sovereign Grand Lodge Representative—George Cavalsby, Nanaimo.
Rebekahs
Grnnd President—Mrs. 8. S.,.Henna,'
'Vancouver.
Vice Grand President—Mrs. E. Evans,
Rossland.       °
Grand Secretary—Mrs. F. A. Walker,
Victoria.
Grand Treasurer—Mrs. A. E, Parker,
Crnnbrook.
Grand Wnrdon—Mrs. M. Lnnlgnn, Nn-
nnlnio.
The delegates from Fornio tb tho
I. O, O. F. woro: J. Lundlo nnd J.
Robertson; alternates, Robt. Dudloy
nnd I. E. Covert, and to tho Roboknlis:'
Mrs. A. Duthlo nnd Mrs. L. Forgiison.
Thb noxt meeting place will bo Vic-'
torln.
Ono of.tlio fonturoR of tho entorlnln-
ment was an automobile trip to Fort
Steele.
Ono of tho omploycpfl of Banders and
Verhcnet hnd a Robinson Crusoe experience while attempting to ford the
T.lk River on horseback this week.
Mlnlstor Taylor, OBCorted by representatives of-tho City Council, the
Board of Trade and othors, Inspected
tho rond to tho city pnrk thla wook '
with n vlow to tho construction of a
bridge to mako It a moro accessible
resort for thc citizens of Fernie.
High wntor In tho Klk causes tho
Lumber Co, to shut down temporarily.
(Continued on Pngo li)
* *i*T ____-—
_T&
—■ ,r      i #-.'^f..>..'..y-f'?.iA-* a. *'-*'•
48
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'.'I*-- vyi ., •ij<y/\'i'
.   ~-""      L',   i.'   '."^ 1.7,
-v «i Jr^rt-aptt-y*. '
Special Dispatch re
Conciliation Board
11, IC. Mni-kio, I-Mmontnn. The r-ff
quel.,   wits grmitPd,
Whon Dw Moiiril was In spsslnn at
Lillo, Alb'-iln, HiiporlntPiiilont Wll-
liitmn, of tlio West Canadian Colllnrlus,
at Unit vlant iniiilt' stalcniPtit undor
oath Unit Lillo was nu liK-orporiiti'il
vlllagi*. Il<\ it np|iPiirs, whh Chnlr-
num of thc Count-It. nnd lu tact prtictl.
IllH' (lift Wll.il.*. shriU'*   liv Xiia «inMii">r|i-v
poll tax hnd bwn d-wlurtpil from tlui
ui-r-n omployod In ftrcnrdiin-™ with tho
rub* it.ov.*riiiuR Incorporated villages.
Tli-*  iiioin'jh mi ri't'ffvvil  have beon
(Special  From  Michel)
When tho Hoard convened here thlu
morning It was iloclilml that tlm nun-
slons Bhould be open to tho public
with the result that (here Is n lurKO
numbor of tho rosfdnnlH.listening io
tlm proceeding*-*.
ClmrloB (lamer, now Internalionnl
Hoard Member, bill formerly omployed
ns n mln-r In UiIh rnr-in nml nt«o n former socrotary of tlio loonl, wan eiilled
to lho b.ihhI nnd gnvo a very good
•laM-rliitlon of the conditions Hint pre-
vail lii-ru with wnlcli lw Is fully ion-
vet-Mint.    In addition lo the met hods I used for sanitary nml ether purposes.
lu dear old London.
,"~ *!_.    ' w
Hon .W.S.'PI-Dldl'.-rr "l^x Ttxtt wtwl-j te ft-Hf-nlb* rnnd,
it he nnxx- m like Ihi*.'
ot uorkltiK, tlml. ring, etc. Iir* *p«ke
of the dJH_-iniiri.it.oii ihal lms been
lirnetlsnl. '* This afternoon Mnurlee
Burrell (8llm) the present secretary of
the union, will be a wllncss, nnd nlno
Wllllum Whitehouse, who is one of
thn old-timers In the enmp.
It I.i nut kno-hn .itt -*___-tti«-r there
-will be triy farther sessions held In
P'ljrtilu, d\ whut her In Hit. event of wit-
neiiftes being needed from there thev
trill rot be -railed ujion to e«m_ n
Mfehel.
At this afternoon".! Ri-*Mon C. Stubba
Mr. U'dliiirnn i|ee* nnt own  nnv nro.
pcrty ihere Iiim**"-If.
(Telegram)
"C. Stubbs*. Michel. 11. C,
"Llll--* Im not nn liH-orpnrnted
vlllnge.—tSlgned) 11, K. Mncklo."
Chnlrmnn Gonlen hnn stated Hint
ihli* nmtiiT will be ...no inlo thorough-
ly. It Is hoped Hint If it be sntls-
tnctorllj* tiroten that there hits boen a
usurpittlon of governmental prerosn*
tlve» and D,c wn illccall)" ■tothi-cIIinI
to pay the (toll tut thnt not only will
restitution bo enforced, hut   Hie mi-
i>and pcrmlMrton >;t the Itonr.J to ."il,*-j iJioritl**i -»lll seierely punish tho of-
n. (clci;i;iiiu \x. Uiul Ju»l _.»k.U»-.l [loiHiU-iiiiiHK parly. ssssmssEss
■-.-;' *;,'"'-'.-,;-r.-i-->.'v-!'*„* <--^- ...-■*..   .    •'.—,.-.. ,-  v,* ."..-
.;■.-'  ..     -^.i'.    - ■* ■-       -   ->-- ,.     ,  ., -., *, . ..
*»___»H___!
PAGE   TWO
. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERME,  B. 0., JUNE 17, 1911.
tf
V;
-»**:M*-*Tlbb^*THH-*^^
leNamara Case
■^^^^••■JhHr**^^*-*.^ A a. _. *»* ft* * **>j-
Victor L. Berger's
concluding . words
before House Committee on "Rules.
-^.■^•■-■•PMPmf-'f *--*-*f-^
.   ■ I am not going to argue the fine
. points'of the law in this case.     I am
"not a "-lawyer. "And* it would be1 rather
presumptuous in ai layman to .try to
argue points of * law before eminent,
. liwyers. * ■   * , •   •        ■
However, gentlemen, I-was sent here
by the people "of my district to re-
i> present' them in- the capacity of a lawmaker. In this capacity'I propose to
represent particularly the ideas of the
working class, * Aad" the working class
will'in the future make the laws in a
different manner from which they have
. been"made i'n the past.
We shall make laws in the future so
that everybody will bo able to understand.-them—so that, nobody will be
compelled' to get a Philadelphia or a
Kansas lawyer to arrive at their meaning. .
Moreover, gentlemen, my resolution
,  has nothing to do with the guilt or innocence  of -Mr. John J.  McNamara.
.That is a question for the courts lo
, decide.
If McNamara is really proved guilty
ho should be punished. If he is innocent, he should be cleared as soon
aB possible.       '  ■■ ■
But according to the customs of all
"civilized nations, no one is considered
guilty until found so by a jury of his
" peers'] Until then every manMias a
right to be considered an innocent man
He has a claim to be protected by the
laws, ' .   ■
.Therefore, the question before you is
simply- a question "of legal process—a
questionswhether or not the legal proe*
esses,for,the.:protection of your citizens are ample.   .    ,      '.,
The extradltjop of McNamara from
Indiana to" California was acc'omplish-
., ed u'p*3n'!tw6 suppositions:
First, that'McNamara was a fugitive
from the justice" of the state of California,' in which state the alleged crime
was committed.
Now, that was a malicious falsehood.
You will all concede that McNamara
was no fugitive from justice.
Second,  that .McNamara -was,  and
- had been for a whole week prior to
1 April 22. 1911." under arrest in the city
of Indianapolis.
Every membed of the committee who
was .present at the first liearing knows
that, this was ajalsehood oh the face
of'it. , '*'
■' ,..N.ow, • supposing that McNamara „ is
innocent,—where is his remedy'at tho
_.*oresent=_h.ime=undeT__the_!aw-3-	
case of ..wrongful-extradition between
the states. It is the duty of the congress not only td investigate the circumstances, but also,"-by the passage
of proper laws1 to make impossible a
recurrence of the crime.
The .power,*, of the congress in such
a" mattor-is fundamental in a democrney.   • ■    -
' There is no modern constitutional na.
tion iii which the violation of the 'constitutional safeguards in the case of
even the .humblest citizen may.not immediately be brought up in the "national legislature for action.
, This -right is constantly exercised in
nil democratic governments.
Moreover, the federal constitution
forbids the states to deprive persons
within their, jurisdiction of life, libevtv*
or property, "without due process "of
law ,or to deny to persons "within their
jurisdiction the equal protection of the
laws. '*>
Somewhere in the federal government must lie the power to enforce
this -constitutional declaration".
No one will contend that-it is executive power.
If it is held to be a judicial power
i
its exercise has been formally disavowed by the supreme court in the
case of Pettibone vs. Nichols.   "• -
There remains? therefore, - only the
legislative branch to exercise it.
Tliat congress has failed in past
times to make use of.all its powers,
and that it has permitted "constant encroachments by'the executive and the
ju'dicinl branches upon its rights, duties and privileges,,is .10 reason why it
should now fail'hi its duty. Tlie growing public sentiment in this country, in
accord with the growing democratic
sentiment all over the world—will sustain the congress iu every assertion
of its constitutional powers.
Furthermore, in this'particular matter of extradition between the states
—the congress, as early as 1793, took
to itself the rlghtto prescribe the procedure of extradition. , -.
1 This right of congress ,has never
been questioned.
And since congress "unquestionably
has this right, it may further proceed
to amend or change the federal statute.
It may further prescribe the conditions
and procedure of extradition, in order
to-prevent the recurrence of official
kidnapping. ,
If it is argued that some states may
He was arrested and not permitted
* to consult a lawyer.    He was forcibly
hurried awav in an automobile to a
railroad station in a distant citv. t Hli
safe was drilled open, and all tho ie
cords of the International Brldire and
Structural Iron Workers' union that
- were nsked for bv the National Erectors' union were turned ovor to theii
and to their attornevs and detect Ive****,.
There can be no-doubt in my mind
that under the present, law no one   is
snfo who hns powerful enemies—snfo
■ from the dnnuer of bolng nrresle-1 on
somo trumped-up charge bv nersons
living in' another ptnfc, nnd then being
extradited nnd sont to flonio at rnn no
town In order to bo tried thoro.
Nor Is there nnv doubt. In mv mind
nn to the jurisdiction of congress in
tho mnttor.
In fnct. eoncross ban not onlv the
right, but tho duty to tnke action in n
—as in the caso of the fugitive slave
law—the answer .must be that this
possibility furnishes no rea'sonfor con-
■grecs to fail in "doing Its duty.'   ■
An equal argument might" otherwise
with the same force be made against
the' exercise of federal power in any
other direction where certain interests
mi _it resist,
■   ■*■"■— ,
The fugitive slave, law, moreover,
was passed at a time when tho nation
was divided by sectional Interests—
the nortli against slavery and the south
for It. Tliere Is no such division
now.
Now, clnss interests have taken the
place of sectional Interests In our country. And tho division of the people on
class HncB Is gonornl throughout the
eountry. A recurrence of tho condl*
tions,of sixty ^'enrs ngo" ls impossible
In iho United States.    _.
Furthermore, if It is true, as has boon
It isn't a question alone of whether you
want a better enl.iry—it's a hanl condition
of lifo that you must fnco to protect your-
self nntl thoso clcpcwlent upon you.
Vou unit .xttiuit i.i'//—if you -don't want
to ft* backward, you must go forward-
ihiij i**, yit'tt' R.djxt cant owe
Karoin-.; mr-to mean-} holding a belter
- jMjsition-— intlujiewlence, happiness, and a
chance to provide for the future.
Thmtsfinds -upon thotisrindq who once held low,
poorly paid positions now earn high salaries ns a
. result of letting tho Inti-rnational Corubspond-
*     «V„. .,,.,.....    .1  -..   1       ,     • 1!  1,    ....
  - •   •' - -■• I •"•*   "•-
ehnnn-c.   TImtH'*** In*** yenr nXinxxt 4,00(1 tttudr-r,.«. voluntarily reported lner-.a--.es In salary nmountlnji to
over two million dollari!   livery month un average of .100 men voluntarily
report to us advancement in position and earnings,    Why not make
YOUR stnrt this month?
************»*****»******'
I   Xt,\.t.hki,tM,. 'x.xtl.At.'etxtttiil.*.*,. IU.Yii.irt.****
• Boi iee. BCJUHTOW. TA,
CITIZEN, SOLDIERS   TOLD
TO;LEARN  THE  ART;,""* .- "
OF CRUSHING WORKERS
By the Nationalist Socialist.Press*
HOW TO 00 II
Simply mark on tho coupon
the position you wish to secure,
then tear out nnd mail tho coupon
to tho International Corrcupond-
ence Schools. This puts you
under m> cibu-jjiitKiii whatever but
allow., our ejtpt-rts to adapt a
bourse to y«vir individual need*
and tircuin-stanccj.
You'vo got ro -earn more money.
The I. C. S. wilt help you.
Wll you take tho start today?
argued, that the'kidnapping of McNa-
mya was merely-the" result of fraud
and injposition:practiced upon the governor's* of'Indiana and.'California, this
is ii>, itself- an indictment' of the present laws' and procedure in such cases,
and further proof of the need of congressional action, . ■ -' ".
-                           , • -     ,
The house of l'opresentatives, therefore, has not only the right" to investigate this case, but very good and
urgent reasons for,doing so. ,If the
senate refuses'to join, so much the
worse for the senate. 'Tlie time has
come when the second chamber—the
popular branch of the legislature —
needs to assert Itself.
Of courso, there is a class of citizens in this country—a small class in
number, but great in power and influ
ence— that would like to'see the liberties-of the people that have been
gained by the,sacrifice of many mil
lions of human lives, during a struggle of many centuries, entirely destroyed. • Freedom has became a word
which this class ascribes to the agitator and the demagogue only.
And this small class of our* people
derives its greatest help and assistance
from a much larger class, that always
meets any suggestion of progress with
the assertion that the proposition is
v.nconstitutional—that the congress has
no' jurisdiction. - .       -
In other words, if is urged that all
our - thoughts roust be. shaped by* the
form given to lis by our ancestors.
Now I ask, ts this right? ." Is it
just? ■      , ,„ , „   ■ i
.In order to determine the right or
wrong of political questions', must we
turn always to tho old established precedent? Must we always have somebody, to construe this precedent for us?
Are we to be bound by. that precedent
forever? * Have we no right to add or
alter.'   „,,-„' •    •
Why should ono geueratioh have the
right to bind a succeeding one? % Are
not the needs of human society;always
changing? Aro they not ever developing into,something new—into something higher-and better? Will any
one assert- that the principles which
control economic conditions— the ques
tion of labor and capital—the concentration of','wealth—the problems of
trusts, pauperism' and many others—
that all of theso questions are not
better understood" to-day than - they
.were—fifiv—years.afo.J.vhen—manv_of-
these problems did not exist at all? '
The principle involved in the abduction of McNamara is bf vital interest to
about 2,000,000 voters to-day. It, will
Interest more million voters to-morrow
Both the Republican,and the Democratic parties will'.be held responsible
by these voters, '
There is not only the question of
equality before the law to be settled
—not only the question of safety of
the person—a question which brought
on the English revolution of 1688 and
the habeas corpus act. There is even
a greater thing for this committee and
this congress to decide on this occasion. Vou will In seme measure help
to decide what form tho class struggle
Is to take In' tlio futuro,,
Tho class sti-URglo— the struggle between the mastdr.class and tlio wage-
earnlng class— Is not of our making.
It Is not horo bocauso wo want lt,
nor can wo, undor the present economic systom abolish it If wo don't want
It, ' This class struggle Is tho outcome of oconomlc conditions.
Now, I am not going to road you a
lecturo on Socialism.
Moroovor, wlillo I do not know Mc-
Nnmnrn. I know that hods not.j.and
novor wns a Soelnllst. Ilo Is what
thoy cnll n "pure nncl simple" trado un-
lonlHt. lie Is one of the many labor
lenilorR thnt nro bitterly opposed to
Socialism,
Ills cano, howovor, Ib a typical Incl-
dent of tho clnsH strugplo. Tt, grow
nm of tim flpht between the National
Erectors' association and tho Tntornn-
tion I .ilon of llrlilgo nnd Structural
Iron WorkorH.
The nHFoclnlloiiof tho masters wants
tn deinnllRli thn union of tho workern,
lieeaiiMO the union has decidedly Improved tho working conditions nnd
more tlmn doubled the wagon of that
cIiikh of lnbor within (he Inst ton
yenrii.
Of courHo, tho members of the Nntlonnl Kreetoi*H'niiHoelntloii — this corporation Is In koiiii) wny connected wltlj
tlio steel trust — did not get nny poorer thereby, nor do I know of any member of the Hi'ldgo nnd Structural Iron
Workers' Union who hus bocomo weal-
thy on account of llio rlso In hia wages,
Tlio union, nevoitholess, is undoubtedly tnterfei'liig with aomo of tho dlvl-
(lends, and thorcforo must bo demolished.
.Now, nuiuieuii'ii, ii is tor you to do
v>ihat lies in your power towards cans-
Iris tho struggle between capital and
labor to toko clvlllxod and sensible
forms on both clileii. It ls* for you to
«  ho nineiid the li'iloni] statute relnt
■WASHINGTON—-Officers-'of .the"' regular army arid the militia of the several states are'-being urged by the National Guard -Magazine to become acquainted with} the .laws and customs
governing strike'service.       .    <.•,""
"• , This is "First Time" , ■ * >'
. This is the "first, time that the military journals have published any intimation that soldiers are expected to
"suppress riots.'  , **
It* was their custom to belittle'riot
duty by declaring that such' service
was incidental and unusual.,
"- The following from this leading military-periodical shows for what the
militia is preparing:
-* "A> distasteful duty is service at
riots. .But some of the repugnance, of
it, some of, the dangers of it,, some of
the' complications arising, from It, may
be avoided, if you arc.familiar with
Bargar's "'Law and Customs of Riot
Duty.'
"Why? Because In the study of
the trying service in times of riot,
Bargar's work outlines each practical
detail, and not only indicates the duties of the military.and civil' officers,
but shows how these duties should be
performed, and furnishes. practical
forms that may be used as guides.
Work' Being Used
"The army war college and the service schools are urging this work to
splendid advantage, A number of
the states make it an article of issue."
The war college referred to" is located here in Washington.' It is a university , for murder. There, officers
of the regular army are taught all the
tricks of warfare,* especially the military strength of foreign nations.
* That the war college is teaching regular; army officers how to' beat striking workers into submission was not
known until thc publication of the fore
going article in the National Guard.
Riot duty,' rather strike-breaking
is now admitted as an. important
branch of modern militarism, since it
has been recognized by the foremost
military'school.in the country.
EXPERIMENTS TO   BE  CARRIED
OUT BY THE UNITED
' '*■'       STATES BUREAU
PITTSBURG," Pa.—Plans have been
perfected for a remarkable series of
mine tests by .experts affiliated with
the • United r States testing .station of
the Bureau of Mines, located in this
city. The experiments will be made
in~a~inine7recentiy~purciiased"*"u"y—the-
government at Brucetown, Pa. Entries
624 feet in length' have been, tunnelled
and a steel .observation gallery.has
been erected in the mine.' 9oal tipples
and an' incline" have' been completed
arid a concrete lining of entries is under construction'.' Within a few days
coal dust explosons will be unde<* conditions where the force of tho ovp_-
sion can always be'controlled. . Ihu
force of these explosions and their nature will be closely watched Jby tho
exports while .mathematical Instruments will record the time of travel of
the oxploslvo wave.
It Is proposed also to Investigate explosibility of conl In1 puro nlr and to
make tests with a small percentage of
fire-damp "in to air. Tests for lighting
and preventing explosions will' bo
mndo, such as sprinkling by water
sprnys, by oxhnust stoam sprays nnd
also by the l*se of shale,and rock dust
In various ways, ,
TOO BAD, ANDY, OLD BOY
Tuesday InBt A. Good ,or tlio Summit Hotol, Crow's Nost, nnd Martin
Flood Bartender, an employe In tho
above establishment, appeared boforo
J. S. T. Alexander, S.M., at Fornio,
charged In the first Instance of being
tlio proprietor and oreupnnt of a hotol
kopt opon contrnj-y to tho regulations
of tho Provincial Liquor Act, for doing business on sjundny and tbo latter
(Flood) for solllnp liquor. W. S, Lnno,
barrister, nppenred for tho defense.
Clilof Const nblo; A. h. Mlnty and II.
W. llerchmor, Imrrlftter, for tho prosecution. Mr, Lnno on behalf of tbo
(wo cloffflidnnlB, ontorod plea of guilty,
and wore assessed In,ench coho $100
njul cobIs, which wero pnld forthwith.
Beware of
Imitations-*
Sold on the
Merits of
pmrd's
Liniment
August 6-11.
SETTLEMENT
SPRINGHILL
STRIKE
""■"•a
Finally Ratified by the
Men Involved—-Big
Loss by Bosses
' The disastrous strike at Springhiil,
Nova Scotia, is a thing of the" past.
Repeated efforts were made by public-
spirited'-nien since tbe inception of the
trouble in August, 1909, to bring the
contending parties together, but the
Dominion Coal Company' maintained
its haughty and, irreconciliable, attitude until recently.
, The strike has been a costly, one to
both the Dominion Coal Company and
the United Mine Workers of America.
It is" estimated that the company "-was
hopelessly bankrupt in the latter ^part
of 1910 and only, the purchase of $3,5_0_0_
* llnmnpUH.»lil4*_. iBHIm bMifailoaoim*,fir,**, f
» _>_ar I (l< t-*mll.|. It, t lti_r«> •tUijr nit *,!,**t,- *
* ■«•* la Ik. (MKHIb* Uiu,* w%\i* I Iih uniti.,. I. *
At Writ, r
A .(fclttcU'il DiiHt.
«kit* Cthl WHO.
HlntlB.ll Rifiair.r
-Wlii,,* Tiik.bh
(iivctmil llnniati
totutr ior * lio IM. r
CIHl _U(.itf Him,,.
OrH4i,i#nt*it n.,lt,n.r
tttMmin fltiml-ff
il.t*,*%,i,\ t*t_|IA»,t
I'm! _..>_>i_,<i»,
M«l»lll(ll O'lfHtM*
*. ». Cetwuft, I If.
•"(,._*<_• ir i_.i«i..
•itnyvi
t'U.,.,  ,l N.jn.i-A..
-..'ftUff. n.fi*.-*,,
t-lwin lis
fhlmllt
J'|,«r, «■■>..! ,.„,,.
lt,„,_if.r|,. r
Ur. tl-.il
*ir_B,^;fs|>k._i
ROD AND QUN
The most interesting portion of tho
flno story of tho trip to Hudson's Dny
vin tho Albany Hlver by W, J. Mnlone
nppenrs In the Juno Issiieof Rod nnd
fiuii In Canada, published by W. J.
Taylor, I.lmlted, Woodstock, Ontario.
Tho trip wiih (-jiitto nn ndvonturoiiB
one and Is written tn a spirit of
thorough appreciation of tho beauties
nnd iilluri-iiH-iitB of lho wild and of
tlio ndvnntngcH enjoyed by ono nblo
to go bo far from the beaten track.
Tlio luleieHt, Is deepened by Mr. Mal-
one's treatment of the theme und the
Ttiiu ulutitrations accompanying tho nu-
native. As maskinonaRe fishing op-
•cn* In tbe middle,of the month, two
papurs dealing with the niAHklnonago
fishing In 'he Kawartha Lakes und In
th* Ht. l-nwrejire aro most -Appropriate.
Ing to extradition that In the futuro a Tho vacationist will turn too Slimmer
man will bo bum of legal ndvlco and n Holidays and Where to Spend Thorn,
hnnrlng In n court of record before ho whllo the lovers of flrcnrma will read
la extradited. Comparing 12, IC, and 20 bore Guns,
Every man IsHitltled to ao much at jby F. 11. Conovcr nnd note the lllus*
.(.nut hi a clvillMd country.,, [trn»l**>u> •■.■_... u-.o. (ntcrent bavtv of cti-
« j   Aa I satd before, the clasa stmgKle; Ihuslasm.    A paper on (lame T^tw Vlo
* (.--tlu*. fhiUt iH'.Urtii* (.atilul uiul labor,latin** v.t.._ ».>mmU oftt-ucu*    lii uuu
• j—we cannot aliollsh under he pwsaentjProrlnre and escape punishment by
* trtiUm, But We ran and we must, _.***>lnj. to another, raise* a *-*jtie*tlfttj that
I 'enforce fnlr flRhllng. iwttl hnvo to be settled sooner or Ww
•j   Oentlemen, I hope that  the com-jar.**, uhlrh In the    Interest* of the
• mHU-0 "IH it'Wl ray uhOtitDon »ndit.Mit   sImM bo setlM wltlictit do-
**********************..** !UuU wc iituiU luiV'i iu_ .u*.eutfuattou.   !Fit.
i (
;N«m-*
I St. i. No
CJif-
.. Sur*.
080 worth ot .bonds by -the United
States Steel Corporation saved it from
going into the hands of receivers. , It
* ' ° _.   i -
is. said tbat this deal was consummated to prevent a settlement o£-the
strike, as the' steel trust ls bitterly
opposed to the expansion'of trades union movement.
' The cost to the miners has been surprisingly heavy, not so much from the
financial standpoint as in the amount
of hardship and privation that the
1,800 men were obliged to undergo.'
Cause of Strike ,
The men struck' In* August, 1909,
ns a protest ngalnst tho report of tho
board of conciliation of .which Judge
Charles Archibald and E. R. Paul wero
members, Tho board refused to recommend an Increase In fngon nnd
compel the compnny lo ndopt a fixed
schedule of prices,, and tho Dominion
Conl Company, which Is n subsidiary
concern of tho United States Stool
Corporation, made a roductlon of 115
por cont and announced that tho mon
would hnvo to return to work nt such
reduction,
Text of Agreement
The terms of tho ngreoment nro ns
follows.
1. All the men will bo tnkon bnck to
work nt Springhiil ns soon ns plncos
cnn be found for thom. ' It Is confidently believed that lho majority of tho
mon can bo provldod with work within
forty-flvo dnys, nnd evory rensonablo
effort will bo mndo on the pnrt of tbo
company to nccompllnh this soonor.
2, Tliat the award of tho Longloy
bonrd In regard, to iho docking system
will go Into offoct on Juno I noxt, but
this cnn bo mutunlly nilJiiRted aftor
trial If considered donlrnble,
li, Tlioro will be no reduction In tho
wngos of tho dny liniuls In nnd nround
tho mines In tlio rnto of pny prior to
llio lOth of August, 1909, nnd nny nd-
vniicoa In tho flchodnlo dnt oil January
2(1, 11)11, shall romnin Inforco. '
Restoration of 5 per Cent
•t. That tho roductlon of 1fi per cont,
announced by Mr. .1, R, Cowans and
authorized on Jnnunry 20th. 1011. by
the dominion Conl Compnny In tho
rnto paid conl producers Immodlntoly
prior to lho lOih August, 1900, bo
reduced to 10 por cent., and In any
pnrt of tho mlno whoro owing to con-
unions ot trie working i^Ihco, n cutter
li,   u-.m.'.>(.„ Ut xiufii   III*   ,tIt(_.(,i)   ...ib-vi,
fair consideration will bo allowed, and
■u-rh rnnttdcratlon may be alter-**.
from tlmo to time to meet conditions
aB thoy arlBo,
o, <C\jii, l-utlvJ- *)_.*.. liU'l, 1.0 Tk-ljillf*t-»l1
ty carry tlmbor or other matorinl nec<_
sary to work nt tho working face, such
material to bo suppltod at the most
convenient place near the working
face of tho board*, or pillars by tho
company, etrepf'ln' aperfiil nxnen nr
cases of emergency.
Right of Appeal
<J. Kvery man will be accorded hia
right to present any Just gricvan-Nw to
Ida right superior with a right of
appeal ultimately to the President, and
*t any stato tor that purp«te be tuny
fi*. nreontpivnfe-f by one or two of hta
. 45 Steam-Heated.- Rooms >
Hot "and Cold Baths   *'
Fernie's -„' Leading' YGomhferciaKHotel
.*<. .
. "■   - ■ ,"\'
'  ".ti \   " W. '*■«.
„:;  The Finest Hotel'in "East Kootenay   .'V1    '. .   'J. L;', GATES. Prop?
"     . ^
.*_
.   HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO-.   Jy '  ■
Capital Authorised ..; .$10,000.000.00..Capital Subscribed  .... $5,575,000
Capital   Paid   Up   ., $5,575,000,      Reserve^ Fund*......... .'.$5,575,000 ;
D. R. WlLKIE, President        . HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
,' BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH CO_UMB_AV'    7" ' ...'     ,..
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden,.kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver^and Victoria.:        ?
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT *     \ ' ,;_•''   ,.'   ,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH , . GEO. i. B. BELL, Manager
~—7-
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
,v    PINING AND CRYING
*.    -       -     -"-■   ■     ;-!,   -    .•"-•*
are inseparably "twins.--    Wherever "
you find,the one you're sure to find
the other.   '   .   ' l _ :y ,    ' ', -
'for   lumber   that's .good '
buy it here: "./. ..
Good pine boards oivtimber ai-e'in-
. separable' to our lumber business—,;
. . where one is, there you'll' find the -
£&-&.__     othei*.   - * *        .'■'. *.', •   '' '
sSgjgfj      FAVORABLE ESTIMATES.GUARANTEED all.'builders  . ...
\ OFFICE and YARD,   MCPHERSON   AVE., OPP. Q. N.   DEPOT,   FERNIE
Y>
■i
vi
11
_. '"<■
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7
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots arid Shoes
Gents'Furnishings :   \,  „
BAKER  AVENUE
i v -
branch' AT HOSMER,  B.C.
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
ji
Beer
r _
and
fi * i
Porter
j Bottled G
Bottled Goods a Specialty
fellow-workmen from the Boctlon  In
which tho alleged grlovanco oxlsts.
Men Return to Work
Latest 'despatches from Springhiil
sny thnt all the striking minors nro
being tnkon on ns fnst ns the company
can got, rid of tlio scabs of whom thoro
aro approximately nine hundred.
Whilo Iho fionoPHslonq granted nro
not what tlio minors orlglnnlly struck
for, yet thoro'Is a scnoral jubilation
ovor tbo agroomont. Considering tho
Hltuntlon from nil n( Us nnglos lt Is
Hnld to   be a glorious nchlovom-ont.
Tbis striko wiih tho offHhoot of lho
ono wngod by tl.o "orniei- mlinlnlHtrii-
lion ot United Mlno Workers of Amorlcn ngnlnsl tho Dominion Conl Compnny nnd wlilrh cost tlio union ovor a
million dollnrs.—-Unitod Mlno WorkorH'
Journal.
' Lonaley   Board  Docking  System'
Ilox containing 50 to 75 H>h of stone
will bo docked BOO lbn of conl. Uox
containing 75 to 100 lbs of alone., will
bo dockod 1000 lbs of conl. Ilox con
tnlnlng 100 lbs nf ntonn or ovor, will
dock wholo box,
Tlio following nHBumnccA woro
given \-L-ruuiiy uuou«u -.oui*,*,-.!-) om-
iiluit, M.,1  ,11-iij.J* Tk«.'J■*•'.«,'.'J.*
The men will bo engaged In tlio
order they apply txt the offk*.
Homo Coal—Screen-oil, $2.50 por ton
dollvered.
No discrimination. Mon may belong to any labor union thoy pleai..
Dack ront.—No doclslop to collect;
It wns understood nono Would bo collected.
AH court cases now ponding will fall
through.
Trcmlcr <3. li. Murray and Mnjer \V.
K, Thompson, Halifax, arveepU tho responsibility of ftting thst tho company
ftrihon*. to tho terns of settlement.
X
= -..-4
Large ;'Airy.-Rooms.. &
GbocJ Board
Ross 4: Mackay _£»
s*>v   ■•_
NORTHERN
i "* '
HOTEL
**. * IL
Wm. Eschwig,, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
..i ■ *
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
Nowhere In' the Pass can be
found In such.a display of*.
Watch   fer  ths CAT    AMD
RDDL0?,  CorflnnfMn   Nlqht,
THC
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Venl, Poultry,' Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
. and'Bacon" Lard, Sausaoos,
Weiners and Sauor Kraut,
PHONE OP CA1.L
Calgary Cattle Go,.
Phono 56
Second Hand
Furniture Store
VICTORIA AVENUE N.
Highest Prices Pairt
For   Secondhand' Furniture,   8tovs«,.
Tools, etc, also Ladles' and Gentle*
men's Cast-off Clothes.
Two-chair Barber Outfit for Sale,
0. RADLAND, Prop.
Electric Restorer for Men
Phoil) tlOrtol rMtor-tt amy nene la <h« body
,"■! ,'..",,, to It) proper tm-ilnn r tr.tnrr,
vjm «ud viukitr. r'rf nutora tirttv tni) ill mmm)
w*aiu«m «v»j-i»d *t one*. riuMplutnnl will
-nikeyou aatw-min., File* I»» but. or irr r .
-ft lUM X»tnr niitrr*** T).• HoeUnll Urttf
"•>.6t,{_*lli«rltie(,Ual1l
For Sale at Bleasdell.  Drug Store
LT5DOF.R ADS.   For Bnslnp.M
•A7
r    *>
-, I*. * t*"*-l1f ^«WI*rt ■***■""- Lt* r   _b.-mV-4f*i>^qH*^A_tf \. 4,
. ■WtHHfcAt H »4fi * .
_i.,._a_,..-.».<i>.i«..-.^-..-l ,- .   ..     . _^_«_.^.J«M_m,_,^___
a_______________i__i__i_a____i titj
■-V.7-
.'• -^.T:!^'-""^''-^ "<.V*V-"*:-V*7M_r-''''.Y _■>• wt*5"""";■':%-•''•-'.yyr'yy .**■;-
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,x 1.
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THE DJBTBICT LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, JUNE 17, 1911.
s* f
!. -_   i
I',
PAGE   THEEE  .'■/,
'       -._><•"
i
lv
-f-,. <-•
.1.
^ Scaled W&rk Out tmihe
NonYSmmyY^drts of
7 i AtberM
_ '*>
\. -  -
I    -**""
1       '
\h'
lk
' The following.. description'.of - coul
-'.in! _ing".n Alberta'; as setfn from the
. *oo,--!t'on of ttie actual jiia.ir mak*. i>*-
t(iies*ii]);> leading at this time Dm! .g
the winter, "forseeiug, the likelihood'of
trouble ia re-arranging the * schedule
which are"due to expire on March
*3 Lst, the editor of the labor rolui_.ii' of
'the Calgary-News entered the mines,
at Lcllibridge.. He says:     ' .
Alberta ranks third'among-llio-ri_
v*: ■••ps in coal production. , Last y.ar
the Alberta mines**-**'• produced .nearly
' 2,000,000 tons of coal "or nearly one-
'; fifth of the total tonnage;mlned in the
Tor-jin'cn.-. ' This, amj'uut, however,'
doop not represent the ,'»esibilities of
- the province.   The mines in operation
- to-day in their present state of develop
ment:and equipment could easily produce; two. and half times this much if
; the'market,were available". '   f
• ' Alberta, Saskatchewan' and .part of
Manitobia are, supplied from Alberta
mines,    and,- consequently-   anything
. -likely tb affect tho operation, of -.these'
'mines is a matter of' interest to ■ the
.people of the prairie provinces.
*'\ Unless the unexp^ted,-happens this
coming' spring will witness a strike
that will surpass any'strike yet c'all-
- ed in Canada, and it might" as well be
put up   .o' the public "right now' as
, later.     The, public of Canada''can* do
much to "prevent a strike.   If not to
..prevent it at least to bring it to a
,  speedy, and', satisfactory conclusion.
• There are aboutJ.OOO men engaged
. in., thev Alberta coal .mines,,' and these
'are'living, breathing, human' creatures,
Tyho   niiist  have  food,   clothing  and
•*,-.- .9 * *"■ -
shelter, just the same as any one else.
The Wages paid in the Alberta mines
'"•■'at- present /will'noFpermit the men to
live even■",decently,  and'' they  must
' have higher wages and better ..working
"conditions.:    _,    7  "     v.'7  '"
"T^The'United¥Mine~Workers^haveT!.ff
agreement   with the" employer*},  that
covers.wages, hours of labor,' -.vorifng
jconditions, and a thousand one other
* things.. "Under the terms of this agree
_ment neither party can take any action
until Its. expiration March 31st, 1911.
The workers cannot strike nor can
tho' employers change the 'wages. The
terms .laid, down in, this are <not fair
to the men, and two years' trial have
proved beyond a doubt that "men cannot earn a decent living aa matters aro
now. It. Is reasonably certain that the
mine owners will.resist any movo to
, increase wages,- so that a,strike ls In-
..Inevitable.   > '■■'".
For the purpose of securing accurate and first hand Information, tho
.labor editor'went to Lethbridge last
February to work In tho mines thoro.
He, got work as, a loader In tho Gait
mine, No. 3 owned by tho C. P. R.
Whon a moil goes to got a job thero
ho is told that It Is easy for a man to
cam $5 a day, and, somo of the outsldo workers havo tho samo Idea. Tho
mine owners when showing reporters
about tho placo will point to tho records of cortaln mon, Bhowlng that
' thoy sont out conl onough on cortaln
days to mako $6 or ovon $7, but thoy
nover show all.*.,
I will admit that lt is posslblo for a
maft to ourn'fO por day undor tho pi-©*
sont scalo.    Not that I say possible.
. It ls nosBlblo if everything woro run
as It should, but as other matters actually stood the man who makes $2
per day six days in the week, is well
paid.    '' . '- •
,The men are paid by the ton. The
price varies according to the place.
For narrow work he gets 77c. per ton
of screened coal. Narrow work is the
first twelve' feet of the room neck.
This is only six feet wide and it takes
as much drilling, tamping and as much
pOwder to blast down two tons here
as it does, to blast down ten'tons iu
the rooms.- '■, .....     '       *      ■
Room .work is - paid, at the ' rate of
50c. per ton. Pillar work at 66c. The
rooms are twenty-five "feet wide and
,the coal is blasted out of the far end,,
away from the tunnel. Between rooms
a.wall of coaTtwenty-five feet thick
is left- until;the rooms are finished.
After the rooms are driven'through,
men. start to work to mine die'coal
out of this wall.    This is pillar, work.|
A man makes about as much in one
place .as another; so we will' confine
ourselves to room work. . As loaders
mako up about three-fourths ,of the
employees we will discuss the matter
from his- standpoint. ,' The method of
working is as follows:.   *
The coal seam is about four feet six
inches .thick, and is overlaid with a
tough stone-like substance that hardens after it is exposed, to the air.
Underneath the seam is another layer
of the same kind. - About eight inches
of-this lower" layer.s cut from undar
ttie coal in order to" work.
'./Machine picks, driven.by compressed
air cut this - slate into fine pieces,
while another man. known as,a scraper
removes■ it■ as fast,'•as .it-is cut .up,
This machine reaches back about five
feet, extending,, entirely'.across the
room.' Ttie loose"dirt-Is'piled*up m
■tho.robms 'anywhere that' the scraper
coal out. Friday, as I still had three
cars or coal, I had to load so'that the
mitchinc men had to pass my "room by,
I ivcit less than three hou.-s work that
d.*y. 1 filled in the rest ol'the *.y
by builc.ing up gob", rtrilliii.. holes and
setting pvops, .. Saturday I haJ to wait
all day.   .
The men, are paid every two'weeks.
This two week period of mine resulted
in my s3nding'out 36 cars of coal,
averaging 1500 lbs each, or a total of
27 tons. At 50 c. per ton $13.50-for
two,weeks' work.. -
'' But I did not get $13,501 There is a
system,of, fines.,docks and deductions'
that takes back nearly half the men's
wages. Take tlie one item, of bone.
In the seam that I was working there
was a seam, of bone' about three' inches thick right in the centre of the
coal, another about an inch .thick
above it, ancl still another at'the bottom. * This bone is an imperfect form
of coal, mixed with clay. It is hard
as stone and will' not burn. It re
sembles coal so nearly that it is almost impossible .o distinguish between
them by'the light of-the flickering oil
lamps.we wear." For each piece of bone
one foot long and one; inch thick tlie
man loading is fined 25c.
Just to let you know-how hard it is
to pick it out I wllL say that there
are six men and boys on the elevator
belt-that- conveys the coal to the box
cars, working' in the day light all tho
Lme. '
In spite of their advantages they
miss may:'pieces of it as any one can
tell by looking at a load of It when
it is delivered to tlie house."
Out of these 32 cars of coal I had
six .pieces of bone. The fines put my
wages down to $12 for the two weeks.
There are many other docks that are
as bad or even worse.    ,Here is my
ply to circumstances over which the
men have* no control. The men'cannot i work until tho machine' men .have
cut the rooms. ' .-.They can not." load
coil until the 'drivers bring thc cars.
These condition's" in which the, miners
are subject keep■ wages down and
make life miserable for the miners.
Any man in theso mines who Is earning
$2 per week 'above all expenses is
doing; well., The two men who made
the most of any* workers in the^mine
were two small Englishmen "doing pillar.work at 60c. "per ton. "In one
week these two men sent out 90 cars,
averaging aboutft1200 lbs. each. . These
two men made $16.20 each-that week.
ed upon allover the mine. .'
Their work was known and comment-
Not only .are wages low and conditions bad, but mining is expensive
work. There are so'many things that
a man must have in order to work.
Here are a few: - .    7
Cap .-..., 35
Oil- can "..: :  .40
File and case 40
Squib Case '-. 15
Besides these he must have his own
bedding and a.complete set of clothes
besides his ordinary clothing. The
clothes that a man wears in the mine
will not do for anywhere else. This
means'about'1 $15 to $20 worth of
things besides a" workers' regular outfit- .       ■'".',.
He must, pa;.** $3.00 per week for
board and the privilege of sleeping in
a lousy old hen' cot filled with beds
and bunks from one end to the other.
He. must buy his own oil for,-burning
in-his lamp, while he is working. C6al
oil is $1 per gallon and it lasts about
a month,    "a
■■35*5**
_**. \„,ttlt*lltt/fA
'**««___.     '«•
»wJmvn_
li t
*-i     Mtiiiimim»w*ttxxxxWr'
i_____»^____m«*«___!**'**
toil's
Now the loader -appears on ' the
scene. ■_ After ttie machine man and
scraper ' have , done their - work and
gone he,comes in, throws,this loose
dirt, several - feet further ' back and
builds It up. so as ,to help support the
roof. This Is the job. He then drills
his holes, one at each] end, Inclining
them according to the conformation of
the seam.
He uses a twist auger about six feet
long for this work. It Is-bent into
cranks and with a breast, board he
forces It into tho coal while he turns
It. After drilling the hole and cleaning it out ho, ioadB'lt with black powder. He makes a cartridge by wrapping some stiff paper about his pick
handle then pulls lt off, tuckB in one
end and fills It with about ten or
twelvo Inches of powdor. Ho rams
this Into the hole thon tninps It full of
moist clay coal dust, then firos It. Tf
evorythlng has beon dono proporly he
ought to havo about ton or twelve tons
of coal ready to bo loaded on the cars',
"By thla time It is near noon. Ho* lias
usod up half a day and has made nothing. A driver drives up with a string
of cara nnd shunts ono Into tho mouth
of the room. Tho loader' pushes It
down to the face and thon fills lt with
coal, shoves lt back to the ontrnnco
nnd waits until tho dvlvor hauls it
away, and cornea back with another
ono. A car will hold 1800 Hib., If the
coal Is In largo plocos and piled well.
As arr«le ho will got about 1200 lbs. to
1400 lbs in it,
Jimt to show liow the scheme works
I
time check:      -■-'_- -
540 coal at 50c $13.50
Board,:...  10.00
Powder        1.30
Squibs  . .• .'v. 25
Checks   ..- ."-.....    ' -    .25
Union (Initiation)    2.00
Library1 ■ ,.     .10
Check weighman 10
Doctor       ?5
Pick sharpener  ; 10
Hospital   ..'.'........ ,  .LT.
Tools (2 pick.handles)   ....' 50
Bone    l.f>0
OPEN     FORUM
Francis  Willard  and  Socialism
518.60
.* 3.10
[1 '
THE STANDARD
ARTICLE • SOLD
EVERYWHERE
111111111)111
»
•m 'I IHI lliniuii-'im* HIITO ■ii-ii'inu-iii-ii
.Inks icl bsefs
drainsiandfor
IpiliilliiiimiiiliiliiliWBi'i1 ,J!*!!!!!l!il!
tnanyiotneiii
1,/pMnnr.'
.iiilllllllii-ll'llllillill!!
i
EW.GILLETT
COMPANV
LIMITED     '
TORONTCONT.
I will glvo my own experience,
loft my room on Saturday night 'clean-
od up ready for tho machine mon.
Tlioro was no chanco of thorn having
tlio room cut by Monday so I stayed
In tho bunk houno. TuoBdiiy 1 wenl
down prepared to go to work, but for
nomo reason the others bad not boon
thore nnd my room was not roady, T
worked an hour or two sotting a fow
props, piling back tho gob, nnd drilled my boles so ns to bo ready, the nevt
day and then went bnck. I bummed
around nil dny bw-aiiso there was nolh
Ing else to do.
Wednesday I wont back. Tlio room
was cut so 1 blasted my conl down,
throw bnck the wnsto nnd then sat
down to wnlt for cars. About 11
o'clock tho driver brought,mo ono.  I
1. .•), 1   i'l     nr.,1  M,.n   nnt  (M«*»l   In **i*nW
(for i-mr-thi-v nnt*. About 1 n'oloek ho
pnmo np;atn. Thnt. nftornoon I sent
out threo cars of coal. The noxt dny
I hnd only to lond enrs. I mnnngoil to
got soveh cars thnt dny nnd finished
■Mi i*   rrtftw
Friday I had to wnlt for the mnchlno
men amain. Saturday I could load,
and by Rood luck I was enabled to send
out flvo ear* of conl, Now notico my
week'* work, . Sixteen cars of eo.il
avornglnK 1500 lbs. each making twelve tons in all. At 50c. per ton 1
had made $«,
The follewlnn week was but little
better. Monday 1 loaded six cars.
Tuesday I w*lt<jd for the machine men.
Wednesday and Thursday I loaded pnrt
of tho time and waited for cars the
rest, but mnnnncd to get 11 cars of
Deficit.*.	
I'had paid ono weeks' -board In ail-
Vance,'so I drew $1.40 bectuiso tho
management held out 50c. to pay for a
rule book thnt oach man Is oblged to
buy at tho start. This 50c. is returned
If tho man turns In this rule book' ln
good order when he quits work.
Tho Item checks refers to tho metal
washorB stamped with tho minor's
number that ho gets whon ho starts
work. I lot my, sot nnd thoy charged
mo 2Rc. for anothor sot.
Ench man pays C por wook to a library, but Clod only knows what tho
library Is or whoro It Is. I nover saw
lt or found anyone who could tell mo
anything about It.
The chockwelghmnn Is a man clios
on by the union who stays ln the
weighing room above*ground and on*
ters the weight of the cars of conl
n» thoy- aro dumped upon tho weighing pocket. He acts Independently of
tlio company's man ami enters his
weights upon n Bopnrnto shoot. This
la dono to hoo that tho compnny does
not cheat tho mon by accredit lm; them
with loss coal than they have actually
mined. Each man pays flvo conts por
week to his wages.
Ench man Is obllgod to Join the
union and tho rompany dcdurti the
llnon from each man's wagos. When
mnn Joins flrBt he pays $2, but thereafter lt, Is only $1 per month.
Tho first time check ls ,n llltlo
worse than most of thom boeniisn I
had lost my cheeks, I hnd sent up six
pieces of*bono nnd hnd hnd the Inilln-
tlnn foo of tho union rti.)tit.f*d. Tho
tlmo for the noxt two wenks wnn n littlo hotter:
n .. -i   itfity  . 1   "ix ff hx
ttnnrrt       '   1»M
Powder     1.-*r>
Union   .". V>
Ohoel: welghmnn , *...,.    .     10
Doctor _      SS
Done..  .     'th
Slinrrenlng picks      1"
* In an. editorial in the Dally a short
time ago we read the following lines:
'Men and women drink, not because
they are 'bad' but'because they are
driven to it by circumstances which
they cannot "successfully resist.' Frances Willard saw this clearly before her
death and turned to Socialism' as. the
only redemption of mankind from intemperance."    •   ,
Also during the' discussion at the
Brubaker, meeting in the .U. P.-S. hall
last winter a similar statement was
made conveying ttie impression. tha*t
Frances Willard had given up her temperance work and turned to Socialism.
'These irepeateV misstatements can
best be .corrected .by quoting Wsb
Willard's;own words as recorded'by
Mrs. Lillian "Stevens, president of,W:
C. T. ,U.,' in tier annual address at the
  .:.      - '. j., xt—.._io__i _0-*^
"__jaiumore_couvt.nLiuii—_wv—xji~*»y-—^
"Quite frequently Miss Willard is misquoted' regarding an utterance concern
ing poverty and intemperance. I here
record what she really, did say on this
subject
"Much criticism haB been-expended
bn me for declaring In my thirl biennial address before the World's W. C.
T. ,TJ. In June last that as temperance
people we had been in error in not
recognizing the relation of poverty to
intemperance, and becauso I Btated
that while from the first I had maintained that .Intemperance caused poverty, I waa now ready not only to reiterate that cardinal, doctrine, but lo
add that poverty causes Intemperance.
By that declaration I am ready to
'stand or. fall. It is an axiom and will
bo admitted by every reasonable person'; as temperance peoplo we have
not been In tho habit of saying It, but
ovorybody knows it is truo. I did
no£ say that poverty causes Intemperance In tho snmo dogrco that In-
temperance causes poverty; nor do I
think it does, but, tin-we lmvo not boon
wont to recognize poverty at nil among
the procuring causes of Intemperance,
It seoms to mo high timo that wo did
so."
Furthermore, Mrs. Stovcnu ln ti lot-
tor to mo commenting1 on Miss Willard's attitude "To tho end of her
great lifo on earth Francos Willard
wan a strong advooato or total abstinence and prohibition."
We seo then thnt this gront womnn
romnlned,, truo to her convictions, hor
lifo work wiw not a failure.
The temperance peoplo wore the
first ones to acknowledge, that "men
and womon do not drink because thoy
aro bad,"
Thoy know that thoy drink bocauao
Socloty keeps up and legalizes the custom of drinking poisonous bovorngos,
and because tho constant ubo of Iheso
bovorngos Injures the coll system of
humnn body niul llko nil other poisons produces a rontlimnl cruvlnk for
moro,
Thoroforo, their Judgment doos not
fall on the victims of drink, but on 11
Boclety that submits to n Irnfflc Hint
Is so destructive to the humnn raco.-*-
Itnrle Itudd.
Wo quite* ngrro with tho writer of
the foregoing wlmrn she states In tin'
any country, wtiile the laborer himself is kept so steady at work that he
has no time to acquire the, education
and1 refinements of life that would
make him and his family agreeable
companions to the rich and cultured?
The reason why I am a Socialist", comes
comes in.,just here: ■""_
. "I would take, not-by force! but by
the slow process of lawful acquisition
through better legislation as the outcome of a wiser ballot in the hands of
men and women, the entire plant that
we call civilization, all that has been
achived on this continent in the four
hundred years since Columbus wended
his .way" thither, and make.lt the common property of all the people, requiring all to work enough", with - their
hands to give them the finest physical
development, but not to become burdensome, in any case,.and permitting
all to share alike the advantages of
education and refinement. I believe
this to be'perfectly practical, indeed,
that any other method is simply a relic of barbarism. *   *
"I believe that competition is doom,
ed. The trust, whose single object is
to abolish competition, has proved that
,we are better'without than with it, and
the moment corporations control the
supply of any product they combine.
What'the Socialist desire^ is tbat the
corporation of humanity should- control all production. Beloved comrades,
this is the frictionless way; if-is'the
higher way; it elimii-ates.the motives
for a selfsh life; it,enacts ,into our
.everyday.living the ethics of Christ's
gospel. Nothing else will do it; nothing else will do it; nothing else can
bring" the glad day ofi universal brotherhood. - -*>
"Oh,-that I were young again, ancl
it would have my life! It is' God's
way out of 'the wilderness and into
the promised - land., It is the very
marrow of Christ's gospel. ' It , is
Christianity applied.'—Chicago ' Daily
Socialist.
Excursion
To
fDate will be announced
later—so watcK for'-.it..
Visiting* the entire district
See before you buy. Write
me for'full particulars. >
Dig
HUNGRY  CHILDREN
.. CHEER ROYALTY
9
e
1
0
$
@
I
3
•
•
G
in the ground for a
livelihood, you'll be under
soon enough! Five acres,
cultivatedf, .vill prolong life
and provide a, competence
for old a_:e.
Eight 10«Acre Tracts $300 •
'r-    each, easily cleared, Burton  |°
City, well located and water |
I    Joe Grafton
■The riot of adulation,, cheering and
llck-spittling in connection with the
coronation has been thus well started
and the fever may be expected to rage
with ever-increasing violence till its
climax on the Coronation Day itself.
" It scarcely ought to be necessary to
point'out the hollowness of it all, and
how,'" beneath and behind all the display of flags in the streets,^ the glitter
of "arms,arid uniforms, the beauty of
the prancing steeds, -lie the festering
poverty, squalor .and sordid misery
which'are the lotof the.great mass of
the' people. "   7.. 7,   . ,     t   .
i-The-gorgec!*Js'-dispIay-is-nothingTbut-
mere surface show. ■ The irony of it,
that, hungry, .working multitudes
should cheer the well-fed, Idle few,
Perhaps the hideous mockery of the
whole thing was never-more apparent
to those with eyes to. see, ttiam on
Friday of last week, when their "gracious Majesties' deigned1, to drive
through' poverty-stricken South London on their way to Crystal Palace.
Forty thousand school children wero
brought out to cheer the royal visitors.
If there Is one part of London, or
of the empire, more than another
where It has been found necessary to
provide meals for the starving children
it is South London.
Forbears and years,* first by charity
now by publlci funds, the starving
children have had to bo provided with
—food? No! only ono poor meal a
day.,*
Yet. these poor children are-taught
to cheer luxury—In othors; to cheer
cleanliness—In others; to cheer„flne
clothes and comfort—In others; wlillo
clothed themselves ln rags and without
boots nnd stockings,
Tho wholo vile business ls nauseating.
Would that wo could convoy our dlH-
gust to evory man and woman amongst
tho working class. Thero would thon
soon bo an ond to this hypocrisy,—London Justice.
Fernie
e.
HEAD OFFICE
TORONTO
. Original
■ Charter -
1854
^^-sr?*^«9SjajK_S_S!
SBtanch Office of the Home Bank
of Canada, Chutch Street,
Toronto,
General Banking business transacted. Notes
discounted, Loans.. advanced, Money Orders,
Drafts and " Letters, of.
Credit issued. •    ;
British and Foreign
correspondents in all
the principal   cities  of
thc
wo:
rid.
BRANCHES AND CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT CANADA
JOHN ADAIR, Manager- Fornie
RE8CUE WORK IN COAL MINE8
Tnyl
In order to moro effectually protect
tlio lives of those who work In coal
mines, the Homo Socrcnry Is proposing
to altoi' tlio Mlnos Accidents (Roscuo &
Aid) Act, 1010. Tlio draft of a now
ordor which has Just boon Issued, and
It provides that no person unions nu*
thnrlr.od by tho manager or official
nppolntod by tho mnniigcr for tho pur
Poho Bhnll bo allowed to ontor a mine
after an oxpIoHlon of flre*damp or coal
diiHt, or aflor the occurrence of a fire,
for the purpose of ongiiRlnK In reaeiio
work. Competent rrsnio brigades
ore lo bo organized and nmlnlnlncil at
mlnos, each brigade (0 ronalftt of flvo
liipn Rolrrtcd on nccount nf tlir-lr knowledge, of underground work, cooIiiohh'
and powers of end 11 ran co, and thoy are
tn bo trnlnod nnd bold nn nmbiilnnf.
$1,1.00
Duo * 1.10
Tlio last item U ttie charge made
by the mlno ownpr* for atinrppnlng
.-'•I-. I finite.    At. ovory inlnr* llinre la to
last paragraph Mint Judgment should j bn kept sots of portable breathing ap-
,    .,«   11              II  .     vtrtlrrtr,    I,*   Amtvi*.     \'l\i '        .     I,.-,    ,.,..-...    f     .   I.    ,        1,    I       ,,    •      ,,.* 1
__>,_,       .....    ,.,.    •- * '        * .....     .....^     .v.    *»...*..,..  • ,   	
on tt po-M-Mv tbnt nub-mttti tn n trnfflcl (>»i,pT -^..-rlftr... nppnrn*tM-*« fnr rr-priif
that In an dealrurtIve to thn liiimnn I work. In addition, provision In ninn
race." but, In iinnwor lo her criticism jin be made for tlio molnleiiniico of con*
tbat lie linvn inlRstated or mlsriuot.*".l i trnl roNciie Htatlnnn, nl which. In addi*
MIrh Wlllard'u wordi, wo publluli llie|don to tbo abovo, a motor rnr Ih to bo
#....,, i. ,.    ..I--.,   frrm.   *hfr  n/tilrnnn   tlt'l.. ,,<  In  •■....ml'i.,!  rnif1ln«i«n     *l|.,>. until <>'
the National W. i\ T. It. convontlon ul
BANKQF.BA'HILTOH
:,;^.'^*^*y;._*t"?'''fi™^
^:*M&yi=w?sieii
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve <t Undivided Profit*   3,250,000
Total Aiseti : 40,000,000
Tho avoingo ninn or womon Holdorn
develop the habit of saving until a
Savings Account hns boen opened.
The poftBOBRlon of such an nccount
acts an nn lucontlve-~-your natural
desire to «ico tho fund grow oncour*
ngoa that tendency io thrift ho ii-'Coh*
aary to siiccosh. No mattor how little
you can afford to lay iihUIo from tho
weekly wage, open a Havinga Account
In lhe1 Hunk of Hamilton. ,
Head Office!
HAMILTON
tlurfolo In 1897. MlM Willard laid:
"Look about you: the produetH of labor aro on cv.*ry hand; you could not
maintain for a moment a well-ordered
life without th<;ni. ovory object In your
room has In It, for discerning cy*"«.
UELOIAN CABINET RESIGNS
ItllUflSKLH, Juno ft,-~Tho rabliiet of
M. 8rlift-llnort reHlgned to-dny. M.
Rchollaert becamo premier and minister of the Interior In January. 1008,
Mum-cdlng M. DeTroos, who died tho
tbe marks of-lnKenloua  tooln ami the - promting month,    The Clorlral party,
the Jileka for the -men.     Each mnn j pr_mure of lnbor'* hand*.     Ttul l« It  ■«. bleb bnabeen in power for twenty.Ix
r _ .      . ... . ..■__..___•___,  __«.._._,!_._ _____ _.« •   ! .... ■ _. .......   I__,   it..
pay* fie. per week for thl« service, j not the cniellr «t InJimtU. for the wenl-! -. enrn, and now lias n majority In tho
If rou hare taken note of what wa* j thy, whose Uvea are tfunoundt-d and rbauiyr of -Dc-putlea of _ •». lo*t two
aald above you will mee that tbe low; embellished by labor"* work, to have; near * in the Inst eleetlon through tbe
tonnage of coal sent out I* not due to U superabundance of the money which rmucrt'-tl action of the Liberals and
poor work or Inexperience, but tim* j reprewnts the ag__re»at» of labor lr>j Hoclnl Ist s.
Do not forgot that ontrlen for ilu». iiiim-m-d im; will kIv<* \UimtM uu np.
Calgary Iiidtmtrlal Exhibition   to   hi, * port unity of wi-cIhr  tlm  mont   upto
l-eld nt PulRiiry Juno Snth to Julv'itli.'diite  triuiNpnrtiillon   faellltlen  of  the
cIoho on ..uno I ."ilii.    I .-Ino IIkIh -.an be! iia-ueiil dny ax woll iih <il)*.-r r.M i-l.t.nt
hot! by applying lo the iiiimii-w  I!, L. ft-nlun-ii whleh hav.- Ihm-ii -in-iiugc-d for
Uloliardao.i .Victoria Park. Cnl|*,t'*y.     ] Including pictures of the coronation.
i   Ono of tbo unlfiuo educiitloiti.l ■*_•» j       ■ —_
'hlblts provided by the tlli-'-ctoni ul llio-
j exhibition In a model ic fet-t hnn; of,
Hmdi'in'i. MuiiM-Itni! ('iii*.     Till*** * itr j
will bo <>|.itrU-iI on li cablo 20-» (eel j
long and niispended ln tlio nlr, anil -aill*
bo ir.osi  Jinorcstlng to oxcry visitor
who will bo Interested In seeing a rnr I
opernto on one wheel nt each end, nil [
ot tho car being nbovo the cable.   <!rn*
vlty Is overcome by centrifugal forco s
on the gyroscopic prlnrlp]-*-.    This Is*
one of the UtOi't nicllioiln of tiujpor-;
tatlon.    The car which the exhibition |
dli't-a-.-1'ii li.u«* !-*nu.'t_ .a iuiu.*.*.<!....I.*
expense was en*,, .-dally constructed for
a recent exhibition ot the Hallway Appliances Assoelfitln-n  In  Chicago.
The Mono-rail car with the latest
MEDICAL
AUTHORITY
. »..• ,.,,hhi rt,,,, iiiik^n nutlcs
I'lnirmacoiweliiH, two or the greatest
in. Unii boiilis of nuliotrlty state that
the active principal of .-.OS Is a val-
until.- LAXATIVI. remedy In the
I real ment ef all KIDNBY, L1VK11,
NTOMA-WI nnd JIOU'KI. rUsor.l*»r*.
• FIG PILLS
Contain tbe active principal of F108
combined with other   valuable   medio
laments -uiiii-b  (.nmltu'to  them  the
bfHt remedy for the above ailment*,
Al all dealers. J.*» cciitf per bor. or
model acroplano wMch ba* alio been The Fig Pill Co.. fit, Thomaa, Ont. .is*?-- ,       ^
-g - _".  - V
gy  \ o
_".  -
, _'-  *
i.
I,.-
_».
*K
,, *   --*;,  •, -
I - '- .
SajB^aWmiTWWf^'ini-wM**^-*.
_
,-_"-'
lit -
_ ■
l_;
IJl'
I_-.*v>
1 *t*—
^PAGEFOUR
: ^"A-V
■:-,.'.-'_•■. ,
B_S_fA*W**H
'~.-'■V
*- rryyy - - . • •-.•_=- 7- *■*»—7--'.-*•■.■_->?-v***,,-f •: •*-■.- .**v „" *■- "» - f."    ■ . *■••■■'- v>-    •>* -.-*-_, ■=*. *■     -
Sfte Hisfrt^ £$$**
Si-
■."' ; ^Ks-bed every Saturday morning al its office,
PeUat Avenue,-Fernie, B. C_   Subscription $1.00
J. per year, in'advance. ' Aa excellent advertising
-    medium.   Largest circulation in the District.   Ad-
S ^f^i?1*? ra1*s °* aPP|ication.' Up-to-date facilities
.7fbr the execution ;of all kinds of book,, job and
color work   Mailorders receive special attention."
; Address aU communications to The District Ledger.
Yy •;•    7 .7    /   J. W. BENNETT, Editor. '_
Telephone No748. ; Postoffice Boa."Ho. 380
THE DISTRICT LEDGEE, FEBWE, Vc.." JUNE. 17, 1911.
-:   r-* .-*.
**^SS-pri«li:
HOW  ABOUT   THE   OTHER  SIDE?
' Ti i
'.A   r-the Calgary conference early in March, when"
-    ■**■   the representatives of District!'18 met the
.members of the Western" Coal Operators' Assoeia'-
* tion to discuss the question of a new' agreement,
- '    there was an insistent call from the purveyors of
y. news for reports as to the details.of their delibera-
,"   tions, but neither party-furnished'particulars, deem-
{  ing their respective contentions as of a private
''-    character, resembling, in fact, to a certain extent.
• , a family dispute where outsiders are not welcomed.
Their efforts at reaching a mutually satisfactory
solution were fruitless, and a-deadlock ensued, this
*    continued until the Executive Board at Prank,
after, repeated    solicitations from W. Mackenzie
,;   King, through the instrumentality of J. D. McNiven
,     the Pair Wage Officer,' decided to ask for a Board
of-Conciliation ancl Investigation under tlie provisions, of the Industrial Disputes Act, more com-
'-   monly known as the Lemieux Act.     The board
'     was subsequently established, the Rev. C." W. Gor,
.-'    don being appointed chairman by the Minister of
Labor, A. J. Carter, Secretary of District 18, U. M.
W. of A. representing the mineworkers, and - Colin
' Maeleod, barrister, of Maeleod, .he Western Op-
',.orators'-Association../    ...      .        -   - "
* Reports of -what have.happened at.their sessions
since May 1st have" been thoroughly, ventilated
.through, the medium of* the press, but.*; so far as
-< • any. visible advance towards bringing the two par-
"^ ties involved closer, together may be summarised by
<-*■---- "The -noble-Duke of York he had ten thousand men;
* ' .-He marched them up to the top of a hill, and!he
•marched" them "down again;
. When, tliey were up, they were up, and when they.
» were down.they were down,    \. 7   ,
And when they were in tlie middle—they were
neither up nor down!"
The unsatisfactory condition of affairs cannot be
attributed to any neglect on the part of the Board;
as its members,have no executive powers, but like
Judges on the Bench are simply passive,'the chair-
.man has, however, on several occasions, by his
actions declared adjournments to enable the two
parties ..an opportunity to como together, hoping
'thereby that they" might make sonic kind of coin-
pact.    This lias not been attained, ancl so the case
drags slowly on.        -,,','        t
,   Tho examinations.at Lethbridge were held in
secret, but so insistent wns the clamoring for pub-
licify il was decided' that the sessions in Fernie
should be open, and quite a number of citizens,
whoso interc8.fi aro inter-related with those of the
coal mining huliisti-y, attended nnd listened to the
ovidence brought forward.  ' Wo mny state that
from thc inception of this enquiry the ininowork-
ers, through their representatives, linvb courted tho
fullest investigation, perfectly willing nnd oven
nnxious that tho public should be apprised of all
■tlmt wns going on, many of thorn considering that
while their interests, could lie best subserved per-
Imps by disclosing nothing at the conference in
(.il-jfiu-y, in which tho operators heartily concurred,
yet lho introduction of the Bovernmenlnl factor,into
lho controversy completely changed the aspect  of
Hie situation.    In tho first instance it wns a private'
.affair, but inasmuch as lho govornmont is sponsor
•for the Board of Enquiry nnd paying lhe expenses
IniMilonf Ihcrolo, lho country nt large wlio are res-
possible for the existence nnd upkeep of tha govern-
ni.-nt should ho entitled to all information touch,
ing the eonlrovoray.   Kvery fn.-ilily wns afforded
by the iiiinnwoi'lcers lo supply details of all matters
ns it, affected the men,    The ntnnimt of wages re-
cuived, tlio cost of living nnd other items or a
more or less porsonnl nnd inlimalo Nature, wore
produced.
The Crow's Nest Vim Conl Compiiny nt Pernie,
by dint of p-mut labor which kept the clerical stuffs
of Pernio" nnd Michel quite busily ongngod. coin-
piled nnd presented statements regarding the cost
of production, showing a net loss of one cent a ton
So long as evidence was produced that was not
particularly'unfavorable to the coal corporations!
side there was but little opposition: _•       ;.   -   * _* *
. Much capital has been made; of the fact that the
coal miners o'f Coleman, Alberta,'in the-employ of
The International. Coal and Coke. .Company at "that
place' have; been, paid ..bett'e^7ay^
inCany. other camp throughout District 18, and as
is'natural to expect, the operators "Have repeatedly
pointed this out to the -newspaper' men,.'who have
given, the item--, the widest .possible publicity. The
"statement; of the company showed that the average
wage of. '20 of the.highest paid was $6.56'net;per
day, and 20 of the lowest pafd, contract men $5.38.
Considering the'.'extra hazardous'character of the
vwork .these men perform and the expert knowledge
required, iri the particular phase-of "coal mining
.they;'work at, their 'yearly "earnings, although; re-,
latively„high compared.to other places, are by no
means inordinately, so. It is the average wage
and not the.exception which should be taken into
consideration,, this in the camp alluded , to is
$10M.40 a"year, or'"*_l!87.63 per month..
The above was supposed to be excellent evidence
in support of the operators', side' of'the question,
because there are miners. (engaged in an occupation that is fraught with danger at all limes) who
average the stupendous sum of less'than'$4 a working day, and out of this amount' they must assume
their owii insurance risks/because they are not
acceptable as policy holders in a casualty company
except in a few instances, and then only.at prohibitory rates. The Workmen's Compensation Act
was.supposed to take the place of the above defici-'
ency, and in a certain measure place' the miners oii
a parity with those whose occupations did not preclude- them from obtaining the benefits of insurance. The'decision given,in B. C, whereby, a very
large percentage/of the miners are deprived even
the solace that their.dependants, if residing outside
the province will be given the paltry sum of $1500 in
case of accidental death, will, no doubt, be regarded by the management,of Alberta coal mines,.ever
alive to" their master's interests, as a precedent to
serve as a,guide when the claim of $1800 (the
amount paid under the provisions of the Alberta
Act) is made.     y'        , y
Now let us look* a*t the .attitude of the operators
when ,asa matter of fairness to the Conciliation
Board, information is desired by the mine workers'
representatives which will'.enable the Board 'to
reach' an equitable verdict, and. at the same time
allow the general public to be in possession of
both sides of the question;to the'disputed Objections are made at.once, and here also'there.is precedent established by- tlie ^.United' States courts,
when E. H:. Harriman,. the late railroad, king, was
excused from answering questions regarding the
inner .workings, of the corporation. -.'So* long .as
.tn-ruiL._t5r.rp-urpo.c^i"the_M
 ^iJMY-WM
The,;Shoftest Roiit^ to tKe Coast
Observation^YCi
Compartment and
^Standard Tourist
Sleepers
FIRST CLASS   COACHES
Train leaves Fernie at 1:30 daily,   ex. Sunday,
' ;: . '   Phone No. 161 :
Special Saturday rate Fernie to Elko, 85c, good returjning Monday
^HEf€^;]^aiAISf7BANJ<C
}    . Op GOMMgRGE    7
*V\ >« edmund wAijfeft'ay:afuJ.^
,'.< .   ■'• - A^XANDER U|RD;.iGeneral Manaqw v   - <7
-.    i ' *"  77    •■-"".;   -j.,        ■=■ ■"*-' -  '   '     ■•-V'-KN'---*..-. '.  ........    t"   •*•     _-"'  -'     .
capital*;• $ib(obo,bob?- .I
,*<
 JP/7REST; ^^7,000,000
THB SAVING^BANK;DElPA^MENT
of The Canadian Bank, of.Commerce, will receive deposits of $i and
upwards, on which interest is allowed, at current; rates...There is no *
.delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the deposit:   Small
- deposits are welcomed. -. ■_*■*- \;. ' -"; \   '■ t,-. .*,. ■'. -, -..- x ■> 234
' Accounts' may be opened in the names bf.two dr more persons, to be
operated by any one of the number or by the survivor.. A joint account,
ofthis kind saves expense in establishing the ownership of* the money
after death, and is especially useful when a man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others depending upon him/in the event of his death.
FERNIE BRANCH   - ; ,x ;.L. A. S.DACKr Manager.
0
<
<
<
EXHIBITION
 - -* *  2 '
June 30th to July ;7th. $29,000 in Prizes
The best special features ever seen In Canada west* of Toronto,
, *    ',, .^-..including '  \. ■•' ,   -'  ,
Strobel's Aeroplane
Brennan's Mono-Rail Car
Movfng Pictures of Coronation
I Grand Fireworks Display
REDUCED  PASSENGER RATES
<
Full   Particulars from  the  Mgr.,   E.  L.  RICHARDSON
>
r
*
>
>
0
JSTOVES! STOVES! 1
*!
{        Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal   V-
I or Wood Burners, and ;;
• *   \    Wood Burners '.'{[
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.  AGNEW & CO.,  ELKO
.1
WANTTHEBEST j
§ And  Nothing but the Best in Fresh
| . , and    Smoked    Meats,    Fresh;   and
j Smoked Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry
* Etc.  Etc., go to
■ /
THE 741    MARKET   CO.
'i "     * •* *      .--•*•'
SAM GRAHAM, Manager.
PHONE 41
on tlm conl mined, from which it mi-jlit,|in nfl-rluoorl
_.-,'  Jl.,   !.    .. 1, •?   i x       ,. ''     ,      .
.....  ...»   ...  ,K„.,^ m ,„„,„,\,u „i,   ,(,i.- iin-H \><im UIU ol
public are informed of what is being 'done/provided
it is not inimical to their side, but to that* of the
miners. A'sort of heads I* win, tails you lose proposition. * -. .       ,,,.'.
Under such.circumstane.es the miners' representatives in justice to, tlieir employers (the* men) are
determined to retaliate although they would prefer
to liave every scrap of, evidence from all sources
made public. ;'        .    ■   '    '"' ' "
• If would indeed be interesting to have the same
detailed ..information that has been furnished by
the moil regarding source of revenue, amounts expended, and for what purpose, etc., be likewjse
forthcoming from tho'jioal companies of their inner-
finnncinl transactions. The capitalization is known
hul not in all. cases is it known how much of the
stock is paid up and upon what bajiis thc dividends
are figured, both on common and preferred, cost of
production, wliat tho charges are to'capital account, etc., etc.   It is safe to assume that   when
men receive higher wages than the average, it is because thoy   are groater profit producers.     It is
generally conceded that tlio more a miner is paid
on contract work tho greater tho percentage obtained froni thc fruits of his labors.
Coal companies, liko overy other Institution ore
in business for tho money tlioy can got out of the
industry, and not primarily for the purpose of
giving moifwork, It was all very well to lmvo the
naked truth laid bare where the workers wero involved, but -juRt so soon nn a liko courso is attempted with the masters immediately tlioy take
rofngo under tho provisions of the Act, and instead
of aiding in having a full and complete onquiry
tako refuge under technicalities, thereby frustrating the main purpose fnr the appointment oi1 the
Honrd—viz,, that the public should be afforded Uie
opportunity of learning thc meritfi of tho case.
Those who aro Buffering becauso of tho dearth of
coal aro anxious to soo tho men back ot work, producing if. Tho men, like every other human being
wishes to improve his conditions, or at least nol
suffer a lowering of the standard of living. The
**oal corporations, whose solo reason for existence
is thn securing nf profits, earo not how tho public
suffer, nor what standard of living tho workers enjoy no long as Iheir (tho corporations interests are
not jeopardized, linn, o a clash ensues nnd will'continue to exist so long as those things that nre eollee,
Fire is Often
Caused
by negligence.'*1' And who is
there tliat Ib not negligent at
Umos? Would you have tho
work of a lifetlmo lost ln a
few minutes?
Why Not Insure
nnd then tho loss of your treasures ls mndo good as fnr ns
monoy Is ablo lo roplnco a
loss.   Inquire of us for torms.
ar
A. INGRAM
M. A. kastne;r
Insurance     Real Estate
KING'S HOTEL
Bur ftiippllixl with  tlio best WIiioh,
Llr-uoi-H iind (Jlgnrs
DININfl HOOM   IN (.OWHt'TJON
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
_ f •    ,
( /
Barbershop ,
..Baths
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE. B. C. ■.    Phone 8.
VE. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
i ~       "*,   .*_   -    ...       .-.«*.'.     ,.""*i •
and Loans YYY:
'ii
Money to Loan on fir$ttclass Busi-
nessand Residential property . ^
The Jeweler- That's All
Right on the corner
W. MILLS,
Prop
Vnncouvor, ll.C.
Juno 0, 1011,
At n mootliiR hold fo-dny of tlio Joint
Executive Commltteo of tho Trndos
nnd Lnbor Connell nnd tlio DlllIilltiK
TrndoB Council, tho following rosolu-
Hon wnn unnnlmously ondoraod nnd or-
dored lo bo «iven widest -publicity.
Whorena, tho Vnnrouver "Dnlly Provlnco" hns
!3.-i- i'..*_*..3wj. >-._. <,.,... ,.ff,,,/, ,,f umiim*. was |iuc j
forth to nhow that tli" '-fiivut Northern Uin'l.Miy.j
the largest customer of tho coal . Ji.i|iuny. t_htiiini.il,
tho product nf the mine., at so low a -price tlmr in'
....,1.... t,i   i..
  not-HlHt. nttv iHntortfld  tho
lively used aro owned and controlled individnnli«-|'ac'" ,n connection with tlio dlsputo*
fi
V . .1
k.. ' I.._     _. •
|>.     .... _»<!.._        _.,,. ....*,..      •...IV**!!*') ..It
luilanee of tho i-ojisiinicrn. reeeivinjr hut n fi'tinll per-!
eentafrc nf the total fnmini»n must nefessarily pay n1
mueh hitrher prieo than the Hill road "doen. To!
thrme fond of solviriff liintliematieal prohle.'*N \w\
('.'roiiiiiicnd to their ennsiilernf inn Ihe foHrm*in<'' .
N' ;i coul cnmpnTiy ho more than thrr?e parts <*.>i,Ij
; ;:j <'i a rail'a in '-umn.ui*. iuul (li«> ivnmtiulvi* .. ■ •[■
ir-/ institution', what additional pereenta*,'^ of i.ri.-i*!
Hunt he added lo the east in order thai ;i m*.i«hi!-)c,
prufit mny he declared on the. entir.** out}, u . ;
tien Ily.
These sqnabhles over thc division of the joint
product of labor and eapilnl are world-wide and
are lesson.1-, from tho hook nf experienco proelnhn-
inpf tho futility of,expecting n fiatisfnetory si'ttle-
ment while the pre«ent administration of aoeiofyVi
affair eontinue. Temporary trneex may he effeet-
ed. Rlipht modifications achieved, hut with oneli
reenrrenee. the eonvietion will forco itself upon an
'.iii-i-i.ij.imi iniiiihi-r tlmt only (.in nn.-i- "nine out
of chnos hy a complete elinntrfi of system.
t'hiut up ymir l»i»'*l; alleys; r-mnve find destroy
wnsto paper nnr refuse. Do this and you holp to
keep away di«ea«-_ nnd les-sen the risk nf fir**.,
■UBfAccu orminizMi lnbor unci the vnr
loua organlKAtioiiH of omployors, editorial  ■roliirfti.s,  therefore,  ho It  ro,
nol ved
Thnt IMh oi'Kunlyat'Jon oompowsd ofi
imi crw-xt-c-iiiivo I'ommlttoM of tho Vnn*,1
eouver Trwli.   nnd   Labor   Council'
nonrd. rnnilemn Uio Vnncouvor Dnlly
Provlnco nnd -plnco |» on tho unfair
Hut of onsantzed huior: further,
Thnn! wo recommend fo the Trades
nnd tnhnr r-.v--.v II ,».a nuHiltoK Trad-
Royal
Hotel
Stanley St.  -  Nelson
Beit Family and Workln-g man'i
Hotel In City; nicely furnliheri
rooma with Bath. Dado, 50c,
each, meala, 3Bo.
Electric Lighted •     8team H(jated
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.C.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MR8.S.JENNINQ8, PROPRIETRESS' _.
L. A, Mlllo, Manager
ii
, i
i
Hot and Cold Wator
A
Aii.
Uaic
oa
House
Prop., J. 8. BARRATT
NOTICE
Tho present mlrirea* of Andrew 10k-
liuid, n Swede, who wiib worKliiB -for
 _.     'ho Crnw'n N.st Piwo Lumlicr Co,, al
j on C'ounrll thnf iIiIh action bo endora_l j W'nnlner, Is wanted by Chief of Polico
H_ N. t'lerko for ihe iiurpooo of rrnlor-
Inndflmt thi-Tuu!-.,
I ' ""*-• ""   "■»"<><■-». .Hill I.hWoi* Ouuihii
lioroaftcr oKrludo the repreaentnflro of
lho Vanenuver Dnlly Proving from IU
me?tlni?s
<«l(fned) .TOriM Me3l!M.ANf,
Secretary.
tntr a sum of 980 belonging to hlm,
Ho la about -18 or 60 >cnr« of ngo,
and iiaiially follows aomo occupation
connected ulth the lumber Industry,
Refrigerator
Days are Here
And wo aro horo with THE REFRIGERATORS.
Wo show tho largoet and host asaortod in Pernio,
including tho "Oroonknd,", ''Loader," and tho
"Whito Front" Baiiitary, Prioos from $11.00
to $42.60,
Ice Cream Freezers, 2 to 8 qts.
Harawarc  J.  D.   Q U AI L   Furniture
I ~i -■ *r v' __&
_v*j-i£*H[ '«'_^,y?>y'
y- it
S-Y>
•ti ■
YU%i
.      f!
^T^lDKTRICT. LEDGER, FERNIE,'B. C, JUNE 17,1911.
PAGE   FIVE
»ii
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lMICHEL*NEWS
7 by "Krimea."\,7
'-'" .-Michel Local Union Belief"Commit-
"tee gave.a hard-times ball arid,supper
7 *on  Friday^ night' last' in •' Lbckh'art'a
,---Hall, which was attended by a very
vHarge crowd. "...The miisic was provided
"by. Messrs.-Almond; Littlers and.Bas-
j tan. - .Thanks-are.due.,.to;the relief
*-', -committee and the musicians who" gave
-their aid in making of-so enjoyable,a
.time," also to Alex - Derbyshire „•„ who
acted as M. C.
*. On Monday night a concert was held
1 "by the I. 6. G; T.in Methodist Church,
when a very successful program, was
-gone through ande enjoyed by many.
Monoy being scarce   around •" this
-town- a few of the boys have set   to
work to, do the Chinks out of a job.
* "This! week they have been washing
,.- their, own clothes, and. after a few
•- "hours of hard toll they hung them.out
men are in.the .hospital in^precarious
condition.' A good few people In this
district "wili remember _*; that this* was
the mine which .exploded a .little over
12 months ago, in which, 137 unfortunate miners lost titer lives. '^This will
caused , quite a shock here.- as. there
happens to be a large number of people
from the same part ... 7.      .   .J- -
♦ , COLEMAN NOTES DY 22- .   ♦
■♦"  •'",., •     .    '■ ♦
♦ ♦♦«►♦ ♦•"•*•*'■**► ♦ ♦. ♦ ♦
L* The Coronatio.i Commit! ee are mak-
* "        ' , (t
ing. excellent * headway in arranging
for-the 22nd and whh everybody *o
know that the chl'.drens porade to '.he
park, wili be mai-shB.H-.-_. at 1.50.*
'-.'her--, will-be Hois of prizes put-up
for the juveniles and the more there
are to take part the greater the pleasure, so it is expected that every child
from the toddling stage upwards will
be there. ,'..-...
C. p. R. operations around here are
to dry, returning sometime afterwards very active Just now.-   Two large extra
they found • to their surprise that* the
-articles'had vanished.      - '-
"Hub'on! Rub on, old boys, don't cry,
"You'll be a Chinaman by and bye:
- There -was "quite an exciting accident happened here on Tuesday.after-
npon.. .Whilst the horse beloriglng to
"Mr. T. Jackson, was being yoked in
the yard at- the rear bf the, house, it
. took.fright. and dashed away; but did
not get far until it came in contact
with the buggy, house., The wheels of
the vehicle catching the corner of the
, shed, which held it-fast for a while,
"but* before anyone .could get near to
. .the frightened animal the buggy house
, -collapsed and the .horse, freeing hlm-
. self, made off down tbie bank, and into
the creek. . After being carried down
with the current for abput 300 yards
. 'it was landed safely on* terra firma
* -once again,' beiii'g none the worse  for
,*-.the"adyenture." ■-''   *-. . ,./-
. 'Harry.Hutson, we might say,'is a
' very unfortunate fellow. He is one
"of the,committee of the Football club
'. -and he has been'"waiting axlously for
the last, .few weeks to get." the plea-
,'siire "to-accompany the team on some
- -of - "their jo_urneys\through .tlie Pass,
Harry says it'is'always the best* men
'. who. have the worst Jo__uck
♦"" *♦*♦'♦♦ ♦^W^ ♦ ♦;> ♦
- v.*81";*- if .  *-»   - >    "-♦
♦'      COAU CREEK BY;174'.     ♦
♦ ■     . „     *.*,'-* *;-h-f -.*-♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦;,♦ ♦'.♦";♦;♦"♦
A special meeting of-..the, Gladstone
Local Unions was held in; &V *Club
Hall:, up here last Sunday" afternoon.-*
The hall was packed when the speak--
ers arrived from Fertile.'•*■' President
Smith occupied the chair and soon"gpt
to business;.-stating why,the,meeting
had been called, which was to hear
Vice-President --Hayes of the;International Union, as well'as other international visitors and District Officers.  -
The first to be called upon was
District President,Powell,, who told
just how things were standing in'the
present struggle. ," The next speaker
was ' International, Board Member
Garner, wbo made, a very good speech
on Unionism, which was very attentively listened to. The next speaker
was International Organizer, Mike Purcell, of Montana, who kept'his.listeners spellbound while he told them of
what the International Union had done
for Montana as well as Canada., and
urged the men to, stick to their guns
and they would eventually win out ih
the end. "
The next speaker was' J. W. Bennett
who gave* a very* good account of
what the.-legislative assembly .have
done in regards to the Compensation
Act, and of the" now famous Krzuz
case, which,is being taken up with the
Privy,-Council of Great Britain.
..The next speaker was International
Organizer Diamond, of Michigan, who
spoke on good unionism and urged
the men to stick together" and they
'would eventually win.   , -
Vice-President Hayes who was given
a hearty reception," which he was not
slow to respond to In-a manner which
gave his hearers, the' firm impression
that he was certainly a good speaker
and-'knew -exactly'..how ■ things are
standing" in"' this' district. He kept
the floor, for thirty" minutes and imparted some.useful information to his
-* Owing', to, "the, Coronation 'sports be*-
ing* held in Fernie' on June'22nd, the
Board of Management of, the C. C. L.
and A. A. have decided to* abandon the
proposed sports up. her-till, July first*
Down, down, they have to go
Because the Terror' tells - you so;
True sports are welcomed one and all
Who" love to see the tame of ball;-
So come along an*l help us.yell ,
When spots are knocked off of Michel.
Kick-off 2.30. '    '
OFF TO PERU
gangs are busily.engaged putting new
sidings, ;also the noise of the hammer
and saw as._ carpenters are working
away building dwelling houses for the
local employees. ' ■    '
'.;    ' .   .COUNCIL AFFAIRS     -
.The council met" to "discuss the bylaw for% sanitation, etc. After tho
second .reading had been made, the
body went Into committee for the purpose of giving especial attention- to
certain clauses. ■*■        . »
With the present warm weather prevailing it is. very' necessary that the
provisions of this by-law be-effective
without dolay, as the'total dlnre.-iird
for. health is-to be seen quite often
on our main streets*In the shape of
dead dogs, cats and.fowls that have
been destroyed or left to die, but although mute testimony of somebody's
thoughtlessness," in- some instances it
is 'strong' enough.  ,  . ",, , • , ,
', What about the hydrant on Fifth
St., that was promised by the council listener's, which was certainly well re-
. J. H. Brownrigg, of Bellevue, who
passed so successfully an examination as mine foreman-at the examinations here in May, .his° average^ was
91.86, the highest percentage in this
class In the. province, has. gone, to
Peru this week to be associated with
Charles Emmerson, and .his address
hereafter will be: , .
i Cerro de Pasco Mining Co.,* -*' , - -
. Goyllarlsqulsga,'Peru. „
Todos sus amlgos en el. distritb le
felicitan de su feliz exlto en los exam-
enes. Ojala que tengabuena'-salud y
ilimitada prosperidad en la tlerra de
los Incas!
HOSMER NOTES.
By "Krltlk."   " v
some time.ago? is-a question often
heard.
[„
%
I
Michel-journeyed to Frank "last Saturday to play their return league game
"and again succeeded in defeating their
rivals. * Michel were without the; services, ot Rev G. Millett, J."Morris taking up 'the position. * -.'**>"4- ',*'K j   Jt'
Michel Teain--Jim Moore, goal; S.
.Moor, H.J3vans,\backs;.,J. Ferguson
. (capt.), W. Jenkins, J."Watson, halves; J.' Harper, Fred Be'ddliigton,* J.
Morris, H. Brown, Sim Weaver, for-
I wards. '   *■ *
j     Frank Team—S. Paton, goal; Jim
j McGechie (enpt), J. Steer, backs; J.
'; "Petrie, J. Qulnn.T. Bacdsby, halves;
• W., Miller, J. Kennedy, E. Smith, T.
•Chambers, H. G. Frasor, forwards.' Referee: U. Dobson, Bellovuo. ,
"; '   The, Game
Frank won tho toss, Morris kicking
■•[ off ngalnst* a strong wind.     Frank
-'■pressed Immediately, but met-with-a
•storn dofonce.    Tho gamo during tho
s flrBt half wos protty* fasti hytt combination wns .aomowlint. at a discount,
Michel wero  soon  troubling  tho
.rank defenders, but Paton   effected
, two or throo smart saves. ■ After this
Millor got away, on tho right wing
•and forcod a cornor. The comer was
snfqly dealt with.by Moor, tho Mlchol
goallo. Fast play wns tho order,of tho
noxt fow nilnutPH nnd oach sides dofonco wiib toHtort. I-Inlf-tlmo: Frank,
nil. Mlchol, nil..
. Tho play In tho second half- was of
a moro spirited nnturo, but tho forwards on both nldos woro absolutely
• dominated by tho dofcndoi'B. nnd finish*
od thoir,mldflold,work tamely. Juat
.boforo.tlio ond Mlcholl pu ton a spurt,
Morris got possession anil gnvo Bod-
dlngton a flno pnss, tlio Inttor bont
McQoohlo nnd -shot hard for gonl,'bringing Paton to hlo Icrioon, but boforo ho
could got tho ball Hnfoly away Wonv-
or dnshod tho bnll Into lho not, giving
Mlohol tho load a fow minutes *, from
tlmo,
Flnnl acoro—Mlohol, 1 goal; Frank,
nil.
Michel will Journey jo Conl Crook cm
Snturdny, Juno 17th, iind a llvoly gamo
Ih expoctodi Tho tonm to defeat the
Crook Ib nn follow*: Hardy, goal;
Crompton nnd Cowoll, bnckBi Wnrron
fenpt.), Wedlock, MoWtlllnm,(hnlvos:
Meredith, Lot .TonoB, Rvnn .Tonon, Stovo
Bloomnr nnd Wnll, forwnrd*.
1 Crow'* Nest Pai. Unoue Table
M".*J.. .  ?
Rollflvii'*' X*
Colomnn .3
■••Conl Crook 2
Frnnk*.,., ,...3
On Mondny night a public mooting
wnn bold nn'Xbo fnntXinXX ft-nttntX, Tr-**.--*-**
nntlonnl Vlco-Prosldonl Hayos nlong
with Intcmijtlonnl nonrd Membon*.
Dlnmond and Purcell, nnd 0. narnor,
nnd District Honrd Mombor Smith, ml-
droflHod a lnrgo nttontlvo mootlni?.
Aftor hearing thono gentlemen, e*pecl-
niiv linvcfl, In rognrd to Iho atoml tho
Tnt. rnntlnnnl nro tnklng to ptnnd by
iib In our fttriiKplr*-, n moro d-»termln-?-d
Hplrlt provnlled nmongat the men.
^tiothrr explosion haa ocnirrod. In
lho return nlr shaft nt Wolllngton Pit
Whltolinvon. In which two'm-Mi by the
nnn)M of Ttcnry Wilson nnd John Old-
b"i»<lij \xn\o b. *n  bndly burno!!, both
Coleman play Frank at Frank. - Caufield'referee.** * "."... ^7"-,- • -■
jijJChe.jCoIeman^supporters-are-to-re-"
member.that the train wll^ take them
down to see the match. - Also to remember that Frank promised to soak
it iiiVheif they got them on the rocky
ground.  J       .„.   r,   . ', '' ;,.,    ,7
The' F. * OV E.'s wll" hold ^sports ori
the 4th of July" in the park at Cole:
man.    Lots of prize money assured. '
:♦ .♦ .♦ ♦
ceived.' <;' He' said he would have liked
to' have given a longer speech but
they had a" big meeting in Fernie that
night and they would have to excuse
him this time.' ■ •' ' " -. *" ; _^7_
The Bellevue" Footbafr arrived up
here .to fulfil-their league fixture last
Saturday.-'.! The weather, was' very
warm and every one1 .was eager to see
the first game up here this season.
. The C. C. Terror predicted smashing, the visitor's, but it did not come
off. . The game throughout being, a
very quiet one, neither teams showing
amy great football. The"" forwards on
both sdes, making a Very poor show
of the chances they had to score. The
game resulted in a goalless draw. J.
Wilson, of'Fernie, was referee.
. Michel tenm will be the visitors up
here on Saturday, arid this'will be
the battle of giants, both teams being
undefeated so fnr this season. The
following Is the tenm selected by tho
Creek: T.' Banns fcapt.), goal; P.
T-Teskoth nnd T. Onkley, hacks; J. Mills'
W. Pnrnoll, Job. Bnrr, halves; Sweeney,
Plltftngton.'Manning, Jolson, B. Hartwell. forwards; reserves, Jolson and
Booth.-'Kick off at 2.45.
Mr. and Mrs. J, Baggaley nnd family
movod to Fornio last wcok,
Born nt Conl Crock on Wodnosdny,
Juno 7th, to Mr. nnd Mrs. A, Brown,
n bouncing boy. Mothor nnd child do«
Ing woll.
Mr. H. Roos returned from his vacation Inst Saturday,nftor having spent
n flno tlmo In Winnipeg,
Anothor onjoynblo Boclnl danco was
hold In tho club hnll Inst Thursday
oven Ing. ,
Mrs. Jamos Langdon loft horo Tuob.
tho   Grand
FRANK HAYES. VICE-
PRES., IN FERNIE
(Continued from Page 1)
'-,-"-. ' "' ,
the men* as even those who .were in
the wondering stage were now firmly
convinced and their determination to
do all they'could to win the day pro1
portionately accentuated. "'
' FERNIE, SUNDAY NIGHT
When th-9 speakers of the evening
took their-* seats "on the ,'platform a
sea of faces * greeted them from' the
floor , to ' gallery, and standing room
was at a premium. A number had
congregated near the door, but the congestion" was slightly relieved by„seve-
ral of them, occupying "a few vacant
seats there were room for in.the front
row, to which! th'ey"were invited, by
President..Powell,'the.chairman,of. the terribly frightened,
evening!' J This.well-knojvn gentleman
had the immense gathering in roar's'of
^ .-Miss It. White is home from Coleman for a few weeks visiting her
mother" aiid brother.        , .
Mr. Gourlay's sign near bridge on
Front Street was set on fire on Thursday morning, and as the water power
was turned off the firemen could not
save the sign, -not having sufficient
water. -
. Visitors to Fernie on Saturday wero
Mesdames Cole! Thorne, Tupper." Sait,
Brownrigg, Cruber, Rankin and Miss
Rankin. >
Mr. and Mrs. Kendal and Mr. Lau-
thler drove over to Fernie on Saturday.
■ Mesdames' Harry and James Bennett
visited friends in Fernie on. Monday.
Jerry A.Dea was badly .injured
while hauling a load of hay for the
Hosmer. Livery arid Transfer'Co. on
Monday. , He .was on top of the load
and the horses ran Into the door of
the .barn, crushing him Between upper
part of the.door and hay.- His spine
is badly injured.' He only arrived here
on Sunday and went to work on Monday morning."
' Dr. Gun, of Calgary, arrived on Sunday to assist Dr. Higgins in performing a very serious operation oh little
Louie Jarvis. The little one ls doing
well.'     ' ■      °     ■-.'-"
Mr. and Mrs. Parkin and two daughters arrived from Durham, England,
on^Wednesday and are at present staying with their brother-in-law, Mr.
Lakey.
Miss Maggie Miller left for Hillcrest
on Monday for-two months visit to
Mrs. Brown. .:     ■   .
' Joseph Tortorelll, a small boy coming ' horiie from school on Tuesday,
fell * into the Creek and was carried
away by the current. Some of the
bigger boys saw him and Steward
Fletcher jumped -in and dragged him
as far as,the bank.J Some men arrived in "time to help'both small boys
but. -;  .Joseph was half drowned and
Coleman
Hotel
W.'H*. Murr
Prop;
CONCRETEBLOCK
COTTAGES 7.
Chimney   Blocks
_. ,     4 in. SEWERPIPES
..   '* **•"" ■ '  ■ **.
GENERAL CONCRETE WORK
. Get Our Prices
W. im    M.    6 ic'k E N.
How-About that Drain?     -
T. W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
(t *, '
and,.
EMBALMER
Coleman,
♦ CORBIN NOTES ♦
♦ ' By "Sweet ,16." ,♦
♦ ' -♦
"♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦,♦ ♦♦♦♦♦''♦
o' Mrs. W." Gus Smith, Mrs. B. J.
Roberts, Ji'inf,, Miss D*.yyer, and Miss
Parklilll arrived in camp to spend the
summer. Tho social lifo of Corbin
wlllbo much Improved by'their presence.   ■      *,,-.,,
Mr. and MrB. T. H, Williams havo
gono to the ,coast for.n couplo of
weeks,*   ■
Mr. .Tomes Lancaster,- manager of
Fornio Co-Oporatlvo wns up hor laBt
wook in connoctlon wllh tlio miners'
commissariat. Tho,, first Issue of
strike rations was mado on Saturday,
* Bon T. Lowls, took a flying visit to
Spokane rind roturnod In two dayB,
looking vory fit. ...
Dick .Tonus who has boon ailing for
somo time hns taken another trip to
Blalrmoro Sanitarium.    Wo hopo his
honlth will bo benefited by tho chango,
> Tho,coal compnny Intend to provo
their now seam with a diamond drill, j day mornlna* to attond
Thoy nro also making proporatloria: 1 origo of Bobokahs ot Cranbrook this
to strip tlio surfaco by moons of hy- woolc'
drnullc machines,
iaug_"Tter"b5**'Some of his quaint observations,'" arid his. happy knack of ^pre-
faclng his", remarks when Introducing
the different speakers. \ „; \ ,■■■'
Charles 'Garner 'dtscuss-d local' issues, principally referring .to the-Inconsistencies shown by the various statements . made public. The increased
production per man and in bulk over
the records of two years ago, the decrease of cost of transportation owing
to tariff reductions, and yet after paying dividends the cost of coal Is said
to, bo one cent more' than the price it
Js sold at. ' Tills, of course, Is not to
the general pubic, but to the Great
Northern Railway Co.. who are the
principal consumers and thon expect to
charge the general public, who only
buy a small'porcontngo of the output
si-soli prices as will bo profitable on
the' entire ' production.    That  there
"Mrs". J. Thompson.arid Miss^Picker-
.lng,j.etp.j^ernIe,-_visited-;-Mrsr-Salf-on-
Wednesday. ' ■*, -
1 Mr. Jack Brownrigg left .this week
for,Peru, where he will" join Mr.* Emmerson. * "',"■'
'.Mr. r and-. Mrs.  Strachan  drove    to
Fernie on Tuesday.   , -
Mrs... J.. Kenny, of Fernie, Is visiting
Mrs. Harry Bennett this week..
- -, "HAVE A' GLASS'
"It will do you good, and besides it
isn't* always you're invited to test a
superior brand like" this.'.. <
There's no gainsaying but what the
SUPERIOR WIN.E
v. .        * ,
sold'here'is a genuine builder'up-of
the system. „' Claret punches or sherry
, '*- ■   --
cobblers made from wine sold hereare'
-*-.' i
simply irresistable. , For*all kinds of
wine buy from us.  *   .7: >
IHGER
SWING,'
| MACHINE   CO '*
S
ing out "You cannot provo It when reference was made to the International
and its attitude towards Canadian
minera."
After this incident hnd passed over
and Hayes had finished his speech,
Mike Purcell again took the platform
and gave some very interesting Information regarding tho financial aid
that hnd been furnished to tho Canii-
ian, membership, Nova Scotia had
pnld Into the treasury of the U.M.W,
,  -,„, .,_      , , _,   of A. about.$3,000, nnd received thorn-
should be a_ profit uiider^sucl. condI.lfi.om Qym vm,tm.   When thore was
Frod Haines, dologato. from Corbin
Lodgo No, 0-1, T, O. O, F„ loft horo on
TuoBtlay-to attend tho Grnnd Lodgo
meeting (it Crnnbrook.
Agony Column-—I, TI. W,—Como
bnck. All Ib forgiven, for wo nood
thoo I Oh I' wo need thoo I Inserted
by tho Plonoor Bonrdorn.
IL J3. Nnlty lino decided thnt tho
tlmo hnn como to ocoiiodiIho lu IiIh
modo of living. Ho Is now cooking
nnd aorvlng his own nionls.
Tins anybody In Corbin over hoard
tho Btory of tho Old 70? If not, on-
nulro nt tlio 13. B. C. offlco.
Tho gcnoroiiB showers of rain thnt
n
■v
1
u-
1
0
0
1
1
1
1
n
0
0
2
2
fl
»
0
0
hnvo boon grnnlod to Corbin this wcok, tho buntllng^ butcher of tho C, T\ It
hnvo Improvoil tho nppnnrnneo nf tho
vnrloiiB Inwna coiiBldorably, Thoro
!-.-. «'*.t_i*. lii-iu'i'iioii oi n bumper crop
\hte pwisojj.
Jack Flommlng nnd Tod Iloskoth left,
l-oro on WodnoHdny for n trip down to
Plnclior crook.
A smnll donofllt hns beon postod to
bind a nliootlng tnntcli botwoon Wm,
Mrirrh, of Cnn! C/ook, nnd Wm, nrnnnli
of Mlchol. 1). C„ for tho Bum of $100
n hIiIo, nt 2fi dav, plgootiB onch,
Anothor'hiincli of /inlniy 1ioi*bcb woro
shipped down to Morrlnsoy on Tupi.
dny.
Tho fourth supply of provisions wna
illfilrlbitfnd from'the box nnr up horo
nn WoilnoBdny.
Wm, Harrison ,nnld a vlBlt to TTob-
■mor on TuoHdny, drlvlnu bnck on Wod-
no-idnv pooomnnnlod liv Frank Owonn.
tions is good proof thnt If thore woro
not bo wido a difference In prlco botwoon what tho railway company Ink-
es the conl at ond whnt iho ordinary
customers havo to pny tohre would he
a vory sensible margin obtalnod. Furthermore ,in any business which Is to ... , ,„„„„„„, ,„ ■*-,-,_■,.■,„ to ,_,._
, „ ,   ,  .   ..   „„..,, thnt hnd hnpponod In District 18 tbo
bo successfully    conducted  It could  ._.,.,. , ,
.     °**l"-*UD'"'***J'        ' • intornn onnl hiiB olwnys como forwnrd
trouble In Lothbrldgo, six years a-io,
over $r>0,000 wns expended thoro, and
tho only sum recplvod from thnt, loc'nl-
,wns $15 for a charier. * .U tho tlmo
of tho terrible Conl Croek dlanctor
$15,000, wns sent, nnd In othor mlshnpij
-,THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
-v ■ ■ Fernie." B.' C.'
When'Yon W?.nt v""ung: . _°;
nituiL'uod printing.   Tliftfc-'s tlw kiild **vu. tin. a,-i.i i-t the.
Tig"litprn;q«.     ti'iy ilin hrroe -(jrintor tho
same cliu.uco vou wo*i''i link for tha horn*
morchtnt—trade'at lionn* *   „ -, '•
hnrdly bo expected to rosult whoro
clmngea wore so froationt ns to havo
13 general managors In 12 years,
Mr Purcell ln a vory forceful speech
stated that for tho pant 8 years tlioro
hnd boon no difficulty In his dlslrlot
whon thb ngrcomontflioxplrod nnd thnt
to-dny tho mlno workom thoro woro
rocolvlng tho lilghcnt dny wage pnld
nnvwhoro on tlio Amorlcnn ..onllnont
to conl minora. Tho conl ahlppod
from Fonilo. nnd Mlchol wna of bottor
niinllty thnn* Hint of Montana, and nlso
fetched a higher price, nnd In making
compnrlflonfl said ho did not..think lho
opornlora on Ihlfl Hldo had a log to
stand on In tho contention that thoy
rould not afford whnt thn minors of
District 18 wore nuking.
, Willinm Dlnmond ffnvo n short rtv
volw of hlH'oxpprloneoH sIiipo coming
ttitn tho DlHtrlct,
VIco-ProHldnnt TTnycH, In n woll hni*
niicod Bpnocli, niiolm on tho mnny nd*
vnntnirpB unlonlRin hnd irnlnod In Bplto
nf the ponBtnnt oppoBltlon thnt hns
confronted It all nlong thp lino of llu
oxlntonco, nml,thnl Ihls Ih not. lo bo
e r s
STORES
town.
Flips Pop-prB, V.art t***,X w '. r*'\,
Hon, ISho., pnld a visit nf tnRppptlon
up hero on WodnoBimy.
--iuul rlglilly, too--in fnct monoy hnn
heen sent In whon thoso nmong whom
It wnn dlHtrlbuled hnd not cbnformo'l
lo Hip'strict lottor of the constliu'.'.oiv
The apnnkor finld that ho wnn h'lnd
tint this quostion hnd beon put, ni' I'
woiilj Horvo lo sllonro thoflo who nro
over rendy to tnlk iihour I hoso Miln'.*,.*!
of which thoy know but lltllp, Thoto
ntntomonlfl nro n mnttor of rocord, ho
nddort, which can onsllv bo rnnBiilteil
by thono nnxloim to do bo, It Ib not
simply tho dollni-B nnd ppiiIh fifinstlnn
thnt binds tho workors of tho Iwo
countrloB, but n rrpognlllmi thnt th _r
liiloroBls nro mutunl. Tlo nlno took
orpiifllon to romnrk thnt thoro wim,
Bill! n gront numbor of mon to ho
rnrolloil Into Iho rnnkfl (if iinlnnlHin.1
| nnd thnt to got Ihom lo join should
bo tho objoct of ovory inonibnr of or*!
gnnlzod lnbor. |
August Cncohlonl gnvo n short rn-'
vlow of tho BpoochoH to the Itnllnn,
New Michel
& Blairmore
i*  '   '_ti».
r
Grand Theatre. Fernie
i
momboi'B, stntlng during tlin'cniimc of
i-omni-kn Hint tho cntino of lnbor wns at.
unlviM-Hiil ono, nnd Ihnt wnrltlnanion I j
Fernie's Popular Play House
n pm.ro of mirnHno fnr history tenches •■■•""•*" nlwnyn romombor that thoir In-, j
tbnt thov who hnvo boon looked upon I,fW!,tfi wo,'° l«'«ntlonl. nnd thnt tho,,
•>-. mo mniority of pooplo nn crnnk„|«"i>Mv".y io ohtnln samo wns by work-!
.*-■,. visual.* ilmlIng tiVir lifo tlmo.1"" '"",,i '" '",,,l,i ('°l" "' lhfl "0,,,,e,,ll
bnvo Intrr horn bonorr-d    ns    Kron<fWd nnd on tho Inih.Btrlnl field.       |
mnnMorq of mown. ..I* . nn Instnncod     «"nrI  Thw-Iorovrfh  nildroHBod lilm.,(
Hirlnf. r-ovofov, John Tlrown nnd oih-l*™ io ",r> SlnvnnlonH proHont, trnnB*||
lptlng porlloiiB of tho nddrosHos glvpn,'<
(Sailor Coya with the "Ctt end the Fiddle" Co. at the Grand, June 22nd.
nrB. bo with this nroBont world wide,
« .mi *-.lr\^v:.(i i>o **n liuil nnrirf-BBlon
nnd mlsronroipntntlon ns ninety In ovidoneo pr In tbo dnvs of old. twt thp
morn the wnrldnc dnMn ronllne tho
olrrrtdb tbrv nnaipsw thev will mnko
pon-.'-*ion rnttfti wijb thrlr fol'oiv work-
ora fnr bailor nnndlllnnt
The T'nltod Mine Workor« In In Cnn-
ml ft, ni ninnxt'lmrt,   'O hulM IIP Uot to
tnr-r dowu: to indln th** mon who <M*r
trt tl-o hnwols of tbp pnrth: Irt Hfcnrt,
fnr thorn nnd thptrx rami* nf M*/*- rt>-
'Inlnor InflnpfrfM of hr-rnp llfp wtiXt ]1n
ti».r«r*f, '-t.--r.rt nnd l-mtirrti nd Siirro"nd-
An Into-Timtlnn wnn mndo t»v i»omo
liiiltvldiinl nt tl"* ri'Pv f*f lb<* hnll. vrv-
(.iiilnwui I'owoll boforo fntrndiioln . i
nskod n« thp monihorK of tho orgnnlM-,
tion who did not nndPrHtnnd  miiPh
RriKllHh hnd bron rniirtoous piioukIi to!
I'oinnlii whilo ndflrossps In thnt 1niv.'i:-r
ngo Imd boon Rlvon Hint n llko rour-j
ton:- tu- .-!-i"i*vii l,V llu* I'll.dlhll SI)"fttflng ,
proplo while Cncrhlonl ntul THk Cm?'
V, lii- ,i<!iIii*.hIiiU I In* lilliliitlirri. Ttlfi-A
w .-<> ji ifxv nnlv thnt did not rorr-lv
with tbl* Mirrostlon,
TIip niPPtlng then ndfoiirnod,"
, Menilnv r vi-ml iiUMiibprn   of   I'i***
iinrtv   |aurii-M»d  fo  Ilofimor nml  i,i*-'
iIm-h-o'iI  du- luli'J-M'orkPrs  ijien1,  pill
on  Ti!*>w1nv n  rouslnir moot hn? v-m-'
h.... .ii   (Id l.i-l.
A High Class Program bf
Pictures Tonight
i
Prices
•_»
10 & 15c  8
The Ledger for your Job Work *,' ■*•—• V*
■ff* V. \
PAGE SIX
,--'.- -..i-.-.. * A •, -,   . , ---.-.i.;-.; - >A^-.'s*-.-
,   -,. .\'rj-i '---.,--   ;.'.'     - *.- *>;"-r-jV.-' *"-.  i ;*.•
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE. B. 0., JUNE 17, 1911.
~_. . .       . "   .   J     J..1    ' l'     L I      I     Tl       "-*-*«ll*W'***'****ll.l|ll_l*_S^
-r-rCT'-r-iHm'W"-'"^^
I        .
<*_HHHkW.*****fc^
K _, * --"-*.- ' ' *.      ^   _    ,' .     ,. "t
-  ' V**-   . - .** '•*_
*»»»*yV».W»y ¥¥»¥*-■< "-fyy^
.. Outside, away from   the. immediate
• .vicinity of a coal mine, did you ever
see a dead miile? No less an authority than Frank Amos, of the Fairmont
Coal'.Co., made the 'statement ."that
the average life of a mine mule was
3% years, and unless conditions .were
changed to prolong life, the use. at the
present cost of'the animal was unpro-
,', fitable.' \ ,"
. When an animal of this kind lives
' indefinitely on the farm it seems ,ih-
' credible that his life should be shortened to 3v_j years in the mine. There
are mules today in anthracite mines
, that have been working 20 years; yet
It ls probable that tho average life of
such animals in all anthracite mines
does not exceed u years. Most mules
come lo an untimely end through accidents; however, a large number of accidents can be avoided If judicious
choice, proper trnlnlnR and proper
care bo given he animals.
, Those animals widely attract attention    on    the    -surface    because    of
c their animation, cavorting,' and appearance, are treated kindly, are properly fed, watered, and well .groomed,
consequently tho adage "A horse is
what you make it,' is as applicable to
underground animals as, those which
live and work above ground. .-
.In purchasing stock for underground
'   haulage, activity, eyesight, feet, temperament, strength and wind are considerations, but if the animal lacks intelligence he has no place'in the mine.
It is natural fov the farmer or teams-
.te'r who has an occasional "animal to
" ' sell to dwell on its good points, neglecting the bad. The dealer's talk
may, .therefore be eliminated beyond
the soundness of the njiimal, and th'e
. " acceptance pr rejection simmered down
i ,to the use of one's judgment   In most
'instances it is better to deal with thoso
who make   a   business   of   furnishing
mules to mining companies, and if it
'• is "possible, to go to the stock, yards
,, - arid pick but the animals rather than
* - trust' to the dealer's judgment.'- ' This
suggestion is made because ihe dealer
scarcely knows more about the animals
than  the  purchaser,  and    does- not
"   know the conditions "under-which the
-   animals must work.     Again,*, the deal-
. er,' anxious to" retain the trade of the
purchaser, "will  send  a  nice  looking
animal which is probably , everything
trusted, nevertheless the humane driv- mals should eat hay at-least-half an
er and his, mule become good chums, hour before being given grain..-.j If the
If after a"* 3-day training period the water, is given; last it washes the food
mule does not appear active on his into the intestines before it is acted
feet and to,use judgment, he should upon by the gastric juices". If the
be taken from the mine, as he is" un- hay is given after the grain it carries
suited to the -work and cannot be de-" the grain with -it, for the hay is prin-
pended upon td* look out for himself cipally digested ln the intestines, while
when occasion", demands. 7 It ls -be-- the grain is acted upon by the stom-
lieved that if this suggestion is follow^ ach for-the most part,
ed many mules!' lives will be saved. "■' j5orn }s richer ln fat than oats;
Next to animal intelligence as a means therefore, for strength, feed corn, and
Sixty Years the Standard
of saving mule life, is its care. " Animals (.hat work in mines should have
clean comfortable quarters, with pure
water and good .wholesome food; nor
is this all, they shouldchavo their feet
and legs washed regularly and their
hocks dried and their bodies should
he as regularly combed. At largo
operations It Is customary to keep n
veterinary who examines the animals
that are well and treat's thoso that
become sick. To those who are "unable to incur such expense. St may be
stated.that stock well fed, .groomed,
and housed, will, if hi good health, enter Info the spirit, ot hustling with as
much -.est as the drivers; but if abused
neglected, or feeling unwell there'Is
danger of their losing interest, in the
work and becoming injured. A mule
that is not feeling well should,not be
worked, and' a sick mule  should be
for speed, feed oats. For an * illus-.
tratlon, race-horses are fed oats, and
the .experienced teamster will favor
the feeding of corn.
Dr. I..'c. Newhard, Chief Veterinarian of. tho Philadelphia and Reading
Coal and Iron Co., experimented with
various feeds and found that two-
thirds crushed oats and one-third crack
ed "corn the most reliable. "A hand
ful'of coarse ground pure salt should
be fed to each mule twice a week,"
Dr. Frank, Amos, -*ho is in West
Virginia, suggests a coarse-crushed
feed, about* .two-thirds corn and one-
third oats. v ,
t
Mine stock will consume about  J 2
pounds per head per. hiiy of this feed
and about 15 pounds of hay. * If a
horse or a mule lias not cleaned up its
former feed the troughs, should, be
cleaned and less put in the next time,
until it is ascertained just how mucn
Tho animnl
DR. WRIGLESWORTH,  D. DrS...;,
!'■- DENTIST*'' '" "'7' 7'\
x .     ',      t ' f '     - * ■*■■_
. Off..: Johnson-Faulkner*Block, j*'.
Hours 9.2; 1-6;-   - 7  '.".„'-'/ '■ Phon-9 72
-ernie' -' - .   \'  B..C.
-■* DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST
Office Henderson Block", Fernie B.C.
., \ • *■ - -:-* ■>■■ '■'-.--'.-   ' ..  7,"
V,   Hours 9,to 1; 2.to'5; 6 to 8.-
: Residence, 21 Viotoria Ave.
.   I]
' il
_r
W. R. Ross K. C.
W. S. Lane
ROSS, MACDONALD and  LANE.
•   •    Barristers and Solicitors6   7
A Cream of Tartar Powder
Made from Grapes
NO ALUM
Fernie, B. C.
„ Canada.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGQART
taken from the mine.    If it be possible
the mules should, be taken •_ from the jit takes to keep, them
mines  every   Saturday  and *_ returned
Monday'morning afler daylight;  that
is, if it. is not the custom to hoist them
out overy day., '•
Few mining men not directly 'connected with large shaft operations re
alize the-magnitude or the initial cost
of a modern underground stable. Shaft
operations, once confined to the anthracite collieries in the United States, have become so extensive in the.
bituminous fields that in most cases
the old practice of lowering and hoisting the live stock has been abandoned,
and the horses and mules are provided
with quarters even,more comfortable
and.commodious than those of the live
stock that are stabled * outside " the
mines. One of the best constructed
underground stables in the bituminous
coal region of Western Pennsylvania's
18 feet, wide, 12 feet high," and long
enough" to accommodate 50*' head of
stock.. It is constructed of red brick,
and the walls and:arched roof are,fre-
should have about all it will eat, but
it is better to give not quite enough
than too much. ' Too much grain will
cause acute indigestion, paralize tho
vails of thc ■stomach, and nsiinlly results in death. Actable boss will make
a great mistake by, feeding too much
snd allowing fcod to stand before
the animal all* the time. While this
method will iucrens*.: flesh for a short
period, the animals eventually break
down through their, digestive organs
being, destroyed.*
" Grain should not be placed in the
animals'.troughs ready for them when
they come ih from work, and it is better for;them to.be without grain at
noon time'than to be, without water,
but by all means give them three feeds
a day. Plenty of water wilf keep the
digestive, organs / in good condition,
while large' quantities of grain and no
water will destroy them.
To give a feed of bran once a, week
will aid the conditioning of stock, keep
■ral times successively the anjmal Is
of no account for mine work because
his feet will not stand the strains.
When stock is condemned on this account, it is often said they were of no
account when* purchased. -
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
•'   "- '      -" ' '       '*- ' r. . **. **' '       -' -'      '"'   '- \.  *
,   -       - ' .,,.,   ''-,   . *•-••,       '■'-.:
A. McDougall, Mgr *;
**■ --<-   «.'   ,'.- ■": - ** "vt '.""f ,. '*
„ mO——___________________________-_________a  *
*■.-.;,';;' ; *' '-• J.-.    *"*;'•'-jjV'
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough ,
and Dressed Lumber1,
Send us your orders
. *j
and strength, yet" lacking In the most
important necessary points for mine
.haulage; namely, activity and brains.
Many animals which act and look'
right-on the surface are -most un-sat-
- isfactory underground, for, which rea-
■»" son the suggestion Is made that, after
7 the animals are picked out, a-n agree-
quently.whitewashed. .It is built immediately in the" 8 foot seam of coal
and is lighted with incandescent
lamps, ventilated by a current of fresh
air which does not traverse any other
portion of the mine, and is supplied
with fresh water brought'down from
the surface through a pipe.     It.con-
ment 'should be mado with the dea]er' tah» a hospitallj_.ll for sicker crlppl-
them do not act    _** anlmals*    Whlle lt is cust°mar>'to
. that in-(case any of
' rightly in the mine they may be exchanged. If mine stock can be purchased near the mine lt can bo trained
as soon as received. If, however, It
has been.subjected to a long car journey. 3 or 4 days should elopBO before
.an attempt Is mado to tako It In tho
'•'mlno. In the meantime the nnimni
should be placed In tho paddock to
nllow them tlmo to get over their transportation legs, rost up, and got acclimated. ', At the snmo tlmo thoy should
bo examined to see that they hnve not.
contracted Influenza, ptnk-oye, or somo
other disease on the journoy.
Dur.ng.the first 2 or 3 days the nnlmnls aro put to work ln tho, mlnos
thoy Bhould bo In tho hands of cnpablo
hnndloru and trnlncrs, bocnuso bolng
usually green nnd soft, thoy mny bo
readily senred nnd mndo moan.    It Is
Btnte-d  that nny hnbltB  Incurred  by
imiIob during this training period aro
difficult to orndlcnto, and In nlmont
ovory Instnneo muleB that aro properly
hnndlod nt tho beginning of tliolr un
dorground careers i>ro the most trnct-
nblo,    Ily nngglnu and nbuso lt Ib pob*
Bible tn spoil tho temper of nn nnimni
ns woll an a child, nnd frequently   n
mulo will resent this treatment lo the
boat of hie ability;   thoroforo   nonrly
ovory conl*ml/>lne    Htnto will report
deaths duo to mlno muln«,
, Whilo a niule'n hooln nro not to bo
have a sanltorlum for mules underground, It is unquestionably better to
remove the sick or Injured animal to
a hospital outside the mine. Disease
and wounds always do better where
there is fresh nlr and sunshine.
The stable ventilation should be
watched, as,the milles nre subject to
more or less,impure air all day, and
while fresh alr'ls good for tho animals,
nevertheless, they should not be subjected to drafts, particularly nfter coming from,work when thoy aro warm.
The stable boss takes prldo ln keeping his nnlmnls In good condition;
thoroforo it Is discouraging whon a
mlno foreman .will pormlt drivers to
abuso them, When a mulo comoa to
tho stable In the evening showing whip
mnrks nnd brulsoa tho Btablo boon
should not allow this driver to hnvo
another nnimni until the caso has boon
Invostlgntod. Thero Is no reason for
nbiiBlng an nnimni with a whip, particularly whon pulling at Its host, nnd
It Is nn Incompetent foreman thnt will
pormlt bucIi treatment, * It Ib tho
duty of tlio Btablo boss to report tho
nbiifio of tho mules, and It Is tho duty
of n mlno bona to boo tho mules onco
In a while ns they go out In tho morning nnd return to tho Btnble nt night,
According to two uiitliorltloB the
animals should be fed aa follows'. First
liny, noxt wator, nnd then grnln.    An.
Since its foundation,
it has been the policy
of this Company to
embody in the
Remifig'tori
in perfected form, thc best typewriter ideas by
whomsoever advanced.
For our latest manifestation of this policy, inspect thc
new Visible Writing Remingtons Nos. 10 and; 11, which
embody every desirable feature extant-—PLUS an Adding
ai-td Subtract ing Mechanism which constitutes an innovation.
The voice tliat cried ia thc wilderness 30 years ago:
~ "You ennnot afford to write in the
old way;" now acclaims with equal
conviction: "You cannot afford to
calculate in the old way."
Remington Typewriter Company
Oaa/rportmiSm
BIG Feutkr Street
Vancouver, B. 0
the bowels .open, and reduce, fever,
which is caused by strong grain.
.' The" common troubles which result
from high feeding are heaves and affected wind. Horses sometimes di*-.
from the effects of a disease known
as azoturla. which is caused by Idleness and feeding strong grain. Lami-
nitls is more common in mules from
long standing on hard floor.** for several days and being fed the same nmount as,when at work. This -license
can be avoided by reducing the feed
and giving some exercise. Time and
attention given to this simple treatment by a stable man Is profitable,
for It Is always the largest and best
stock which becomes affected with this
disease, and thore are few that recover from it.
So fnr no .veterinarian hns rccom-
monded tho use of cut feed with chop
as a regulnr diet, although this feeding
ls followed. In many placoB,
The P. nnd R. C. nnd I. Co feed thoir
stock twice dally. Doctor rfogg
PhlppB and Newhnrd state Hint "frosh
wator should bo provided in Iron, tor*"s>
cotta, or concrete troughs In front of
tho mangers, whero the nnlmnh hnn
ncces8 to It at. all times. Where our
stoblcB nre equipped with <i ooustont
supply of frosh wator, colic and ncut-**
Indlgofltlon aro unknown.'
Frequently .a mulo Ib inli to bo r
kickor nnd dangoroua to , but nftor Investigation It In found that tho animal
linH-boon workod with a coilnr upsldo
down, or tho hnmos bnck on Ms aliou-d-
oris and thtat tho stable man'ot mine
foreman did'not seo tho nnimni go
o.it of tho barn and know nothing cf
It until It. camo back from work, with
Horo plnces on It, An untmnl working
under Hioho conditions nhould bo nd*
mlrpd for trying to dofond Itsolf, but
tho results nro It mtiHt bo sold nt a
gront Iobb or kept nt tome othor work
until well, A Htnblo Iiohb or mlno
foromnn Hhouhl not nllow nny of IiIb
Btock to go out of tlm burn until ho
nee thnt thoy havo tho hnmem* thnt
bolongB to thom, nnd Hint It fits proporly. To obtnin Rond iobiiIIh from
nnlninlfl tho lini-no-*-**-, must he mndo to
tool comfortable nnd ntniug on tliem.
Good jiidmiipnt Hhould bo ubg-1 in
fitting lho bridle, cnllnr, hiim-r.. mid
hnrnoBB.. The coilnr »liould bo neither
too lnrgo nor too nninlt, nnd tho hameH
rVnHlrt fit on tlm" «'Mt 1v.v<*-> tXin r*M.t*
/There are many' mules cvlppled and
made unfit, for service by ignorant
and inexperienced blacksmiths, who
do not know the first* principle of proper shoeing, and arO unable therefore
to give proper attention lo the animal's feet. Oftentimes when a'blacksmith goes to se.t a shoe he will just,
rasp, the dirt off of the hoof and .then
place the new shoe ori the exact spot
where the old one came off. This
treatment in time-allows tlie hoof to
grow, so' out of proportion that it is
almost impossible for stock to travel
at- all. Some .blacksmiths do not
know enough to pare down the hoof so*
the shoes will "rest on the outer horn,
which must.be done' in order to keep
the hoofs as nearly natural as possible.
Often blacksmiths drive nails through
the sensitive tissues of,the hoofs,
which always lames'the* animal and is
often the cause'of stock being badly
crippled in a - short time that they
cannot be>longer,used in mine work.-
The animals'' feet should be. kept
thoroughly- clean,, and when they commence getting bad or become feverish
-,      -        , , * V        I , -i
,t.hey_should_be_made_to_stan(Un__cleaiL
(not acid) water at* least'2 hours per
day until the' feet are softened and regain their natural condition.., ■*■."*■
Quite a number of horses and mules
need not be condemned if these comparatively simple1 'matters are given" attention.
Having disposed of the subject of
crippled stock from, the effects of bad
shoeing, attention Is next directed to
making good roads, and this in the
judgment of some Is the most important question on the Inside of the
mines. - The stock is compelled to
travel In mines 'with very little light,
and lt Is reasonable to suppose that
wutb smooth roads and cars kept well
oiled, moro can'be accomplished with
fewer accidents', and a better general
condition of the stock,maintained. If
there are rocks and lumps of slate,In
holes between the ties, the stable bosses have a good'excuse for not being
ablo' to keep thoir' animals' logs in
good condition, They cannot heal
bruised knees cnuBed from stumbling
over the tlos, nor bruised lieolu and
skinned ankles in ono night's time,
Ofton tliere Is a mule brought out on
a truck dend, tlio driver saying ho
could not get the brake to work, or
that the bits on the mining machines
caught, them and almost tore their legs
off. These reports are frequent ones
and are not always,to be believed, if
they, come from the driver, alone, for
they make reports of this kind because they have become common; a
driver who thus reports should ' not
be allowed a horse,or mule,until the
case ha's..been thoroughly investigated
and tho cause'remedied, _o. the,.same
thing will, not'again occur.
The Fairmont Coal Co.|s records for
1905 show that 26 per,cent*of their
stock either died; was killed, or had
to be disposed of at practically nothing, on account of, be'ing'crippled and
worn out. '-There is probably no part
of the company's business in which the
loss is so great, and one-half of this
is brought" about by carelessness and
neglect. There is probably no other
business that requires the use of sfcock
in whicli the loss is so great, and this
in face of the fact thaUthe facilities
furnished, with the exception possibly
of good roads inside the mines,' * are
the^best that can be had. ..
The daily grooming, of mine sto?k
is important.' It has a tendency to'keep
the body in better health and causes
the mules to.be more alert; . ,7
Doctor Newhard has Introduced a
vacuum grooming machine with excel-,
"IentTesuitsmirthe~StTNieholas"XOi!iery
stables.  '
LAWE &  FISHER
it li
ATTORNEYS
, Fernie, B. C.
__ ▼
i
J Fernie Dairy i
ROYAL
HOTEL
1 .RESII M7LK
delivered - to- 'all
parts of'the. town
Sanders  &* Verhaest   Brothers.   .
I Proprietors   , 4
4" ->'"■♦
.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*•*»♦*»♦ _*-*••»<-♦
FERNIE
land, and insist that the scheme should
call for no contribution from "them.'
It Ms theij* money that the State so
generously contributes, and_their is the
money that the employer'contributes.
The opposition of the -working class
is organizing under the demand for a
"non-contributory insurance scheme.'/
MODERN DETCETIVING
Not more than three mules should
be" in astring team, as four or five
mules cannot,be handled.successfully
by any driver.,. *v    '..
■ Oftentimes bad teeth are the sau'se
of,'an animal being .sluggish and ln
poor condition; ' therefore; competent
veterinarians should * look -after, the
teeth of mine mules once every two
years. - ;       '        -
The maintaining of llvo stock is no
little Item, and In cases there Is an
average of 5 per cent, of the total
number of animals standing In the
barns all the time unfit for service pn
nccount of, having been crippled. Tho
feed for this stock,"besides" other expenses and the Iobb of tliolr work,
costs one company over $6,000 por
year.
Whero .mlno stock is given good nt-
tontlon, tbo upkeep Is reducod to a
minimum, more work* Is obtnlned, and
tho animals aro moro valuable. As
tho .methods suggestod nro rensonablo
nnd simple .It Is to be hoped that thoy
will be followed by all persons Interested In prolonging tho lives of
stock,—MlnoB and Mlnornls.
By-Ellis O. Jones
w«a-.-**m_i___!_^^
Bar Unexcelled ,
All White Help ,
Everything .
Up-to-date
'   /
Call-in and
see us once-
JOHN PODBJELANCIK. Prop.
Opposition Grows to
State Insurance
: In the New York Sun's account of
the arresting of the alleged dynamlto
placers we read the following:
* "Many times the detectives knew,ln
advance that certain explosions were
to take place but did not dare to prevent them lest they warn their quairy
of their presence." "   "
Let us pass ovor tho suggestion that
the detectives thus became culpable ns
accessories' before the fnct. That Is
an intricate -legul matter.such as
lawyers do not liko to havo mere laymen discuss.
But-what Infinite possibilities this
harmless llttol statement opens up.   *
May we soon see the following also?
"The dotoctlves know that, tho Iroquois Theatre was going to burn, but
did not daro to Interfere lost tho managers escaped,
Privato detectives wero thoroughly
familiar with tho situation ln tho Triangle Shirtwaist factory, but thought It
bost not to do anything until nftor tho
flro.
"Privato detectives had timed tho
burning of the General Sloe in to the
vory .mlnuto, but thought that much'
wno to bo gained by keeping In tho
background." ' , *-,
LONDON—Tlmo doos not incroaflo
tho popularity of Chancellor Lloyd
George's insurance bill. Tho workingman, for whoso boneflt tho schomo
was conceived, Ib beginning to look na-
knnco at It. . Ho quito rightly hat oh
tho deduction of his oxcobuIvo contribution from his wngos, Tlto employ-
ob of groat cnnconiB, bucIi nn tho rnllwny b, do not Hpom to fotir tho offoct of
tho bill on lliolr wngos, but It somiiH
elonr that lho smaller employers will
tnko thotr own contribution Intoron-
Hldorntlou in fixing wagos, a thing
which W'Klhlntlnn ennnot obvlnto.
Source of Oppoiltlon
Hut thorp nro two powerful fou-os
now crlllrlzlng tho bill a* It utiuids
thn friendly xoolotlen nnd tho doctors.
Tlif--    -Peiv-tv.    *»      .h'i^    (.a*i •»*_ r' ***»■!■« f_     -Mi A     .1  _'
who only accept steady persons who
ltvo cloan lives.
Tho govornmont Insures ovory ono,
Tho hostllo physicians doclitro thnt
the bill Is Impossible. It limply moaiiH
thoy say, that tho sick will bo jit*
tended, not at tho oxpon'ne of tho com*
rminlly, but nt the oxponi-o of tho
medlcnl profession, which It will hnlf
doHroy.
Why they Oppose
Tho opposition of tho friendly socle
tlos Booms, howovor, to como ir-nlnly
from tho mnny woak nnd badly mniing*
od RoclotloB that hnvo a habit, of do*
fimltlng whenever thoy nro cnllod upon
to pny out, Tho Htntom-?iit thnt thc
"vitality" of the lnrgo noclollnB wl',1
he destroyed coiiiph from the hiiiiio
source ns the argument that tho old
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Lending Commercial
and Toiu-iBt House
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
HOW THE UNIVER8ITIE8 HAVE
BEEN   ROBBED  FROM   POOR
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for Sale.
Buys Horses on Commlslon
mmm^ammmmmHmm*ammm*iamaK*mmm*mar*mmtmmnm^-KmmmmKiamail,ammmiim
George Barton    Phone 78
stock will be moro vnlunblo, nnd help i Rome nlleiro, destroy tho vitality of
to Vppo rlnwn p-rntniRpn In vnrtn*n« - ti.r. inr,.!,,- rr,t,ir.iinn inA n Inrp-v** -num-
wuys. .  ..    Jl«»r of the weaker ono will go imilei.
It is particularly necesinry to glvo.    nut many doctors nro iM-tunHy hes-
tbo Mhoolng of stock cIoho attention, I tup,
for a good bIioo' Ih tho foundation of «| ijtrge numbers of medical men who
good horse. Tho stnblo mnn should j prnctlco in  tho prosperous  wort:ln#t. . -     ..
examine the foot carefully to too that j rla*.i« districts enrn n livelihood m In- '* e l 7
physlclnns who nro "doing woll." An
er,"nilous proportion of English phy*
f.i''ii-tih i>iir.i.f Hit'ii h mi";*)., -.mil lm
several years post thero has been n
growing sentiment In fnvor of the na-
ttoT.nllzatlon of tho profes.t'ci.1. If tho
I 111 b<Komcs law It will vory probably
tho shoes are nil light nnd proporly t»» j df-r-endent professional mwi
before hi* let«_ the nnimni go to work.
Thf-n again, If the shoe _ ayi on too
long It will rnucn tho hoofs to expand
over tho *|3W and produce sore heels
and corn*. Wh-j-n a ino© -rom-*?* off
-snd Is not. proiwrly replaced iho nnl-
maV* hoot may b*> bo torn thnt suffi*
rient nn-ibn runnoi bi* IniwrtiNt Xo *no.<.
th* sho*. nnd itho-uld this occur mv.
T'nd«*r thp Wll, their llvcllhoo. will
It Is -Jlftlwod. either be entirely d_
•troyiNl or they will b* oompellel to
»<•••"•■-..t pc-r.it.ons »* Suite craplojr-w**.
«»mt nn-VrpaM at, that; for, ot # shll-
llnKH p*r explt* allowed for tnollcal
servlrp a proportion row In drugs.
IVwtnri ntrv'ftfj-f complain of fn***) I-wmii
Working Clais Opposition
The opposition of tho worl_lo_. class
to the bill Is. however, trpnuino and
proper. Wages aro already far Wow
dfwney l#vel on Hi. average and the
deduction of a single penny Is at onco
resented, much moro tho rod p.'J m ot
4 peaco (II <«rU1 a weoit.
'iib*. wovkutfeVt tUlift, tt»j,&)\ir, ihat
they wpIti**- from trteriMf   fort.!«« tho.   prodoco all the woalth of Bng*
"Woro tho colleges of Oxford really
endowed for tho poor?" asks Miss Mc-
Million ln hor work, "Tho Child and
tho Stato.' Answering hor own question sho says: "I do not think that tho
words of tho founders leavo us ln any
doubt on this point," Tho Oxford
Commission of 18R0 says; 'That tho endowments of collages wero doalgnod
for tho poor Is sufficiently plain from
tho language In which some of tho
founders describe thotr motives." William Wykeham states thnt, noxt to his
kinsmen, 'poor Indigent clerks nro to
bo nilmlttod,' In Quoon'B nnd Now
College tho Follows nre forbidden to
keep dogs, on tho ground that "to glvo
to dogs tho bread of tho chlldron Is not
fitting for tho poor." Thoso lo bo
elected nro doflncd In tho sovornl colleges 'Is "paupers." "paupers and those
Mvtmr n-n elm* "nnu-ppr* nnd tndl_»nt
persons," nnd "ex-paupers.' whtlo Wny-
nfleto founded Mngdnlon College for
cnty poor scholars,
ho largo public schools, such as Har
row nnd Rugby, woro similarly founded
for the Hnestton of the poor, floelal-
Ist propogfln-flsts should mo thono
facta In demanding full education facilities for tho children of the masses—
Tho labor Trailer (England).
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Llnrd Local Qeneral Teamsters No,
14*1. Meets, ovory Friday night at
S p. m, Minors' Union Hall, W,
A Worthlngton, Prosldont; E, J,
Qpod, Secretary,
Bartenders' Local No. 514: MeotB 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 3,30 p.m, Secretory J. A, Gouplll. Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A,
Moots 2nd and -tth Thursday Miners
Union hall.    1). Hoon, So\
Typographical Union No. 555' MeotB
last Rnttinlny in ench month nt tlio
Ledger Office. A. J, Iluckloy, Secretory.
X r.r*M Trrnlr Nn. 17 9. P. nt C, Mi-els
In Minors Union Hnll evory Sundny
nt 7.45 p.m. Everybody welcomo, D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
WILL CONSIDER CASE
OTTAWA, Juno IS.-—The case of
Mra. Angolimt Noapolitan, -Mptencml
to httiK at Sanlt Ste Mario for tho
tM*ar«4 of tier husband wtl! probably
he considered by the Mntlstcr of Justice within tlie next two weeks. Cop-
(m of to* e-fl-lenc* and tlto report of
tlM*. tiUl i»*i**e ht*t.t* i>u»t V_**,v» i<.
coired.
•V,*,****.»*...*vta dwitt-. N_.**<y.u-.v-U* "MiO
Joiners:—Meet in Miner* Hall every
alt ems to Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.\
Ward, secretary. P. 6. 307.
United Brotherhood ef Carpenters and
Jo1fi*r:—Tiorn] 1950. H. ,T, T5rsn.i,
President; F. H. Shaw. Secretary.
Dr. de Van*. Female Pill*
tH*i*Xtr*f****t llllt,   Ttlfl*
*.|flwf«5»*toii*fitwn. Rffu.6
ArtlUl>i*FrMtliNt*UI««{>rNrftilt. Thn*
•<tl« at* M.<*)tan.r '"
KfM. ttrtpmitMiel
*_t thntg. tiaitwtaM.
tot tato at eieasdill. Oruo Store.
IJ
•'_
■fl
_ '-'; {{JYy _H5V7^^-^|^^i^^'>^_^>r^r -'' .-■>*7&,"'^ii-:;'_7r"',^^?^^^-" -7"^ -yl*^:.*"?.?*':• "
•',''  ' "*• . '-Ti'. r^-"**. *'-'
7 ,."  .*■  ■.■.„•....-"-.-■."':.'
YiYYiLi{ ■
THE DISTRICT. LEDGER, FERNIE,  B. C, JUNE'lV; 1911.
\(' _
The{^eek^Neiji)s for
•'/■','•'''y-.ry .v ^"    ' ■. .r". : ;. j.'r" .-:.•.-■;:-r'af-   ...*"-•'
i
?. f .*■ *<i
A''- .-'
pti{r Foreign Bothers i
; 5,000 MINATORI 'IN : ISCIOPERO'
* ,"" l '.-■ :'-'-;■■ '■ '■"'•   ■' '•^'?- .Fernie,' B; C.
■ ,*■ ' - -Aven'do ie'.to it . bstro artico-6* "Scri-
, ... yi -la' _avoratore" e non avendo letta
., nessuna.' 'corrispondenza da-'qi.estaT
*. *,"pnrte del continent©.mi son deciso a
.'    serivervi io steiso. -,,-J. .-.', -"''   ,    ;,
C'e.un6.-scici?,ic involgenta dip.-tca-
* rt.ente piu d_; cinque mila mmaton in
British Columbia e "Alberta;, ,e si' presume ,che_' a" breve "andare ... dovranno
- sraettere di lavorare, perche la scarslta
""•   dl coke cbstrlnge le fonderie a sospen-
■    de're I Iavori, anche    i   minatori del
" ' quarzo. ",",-■-'. *..,  '
, Quantiinque l'esercito proletarlo sia
,*'    qui composto di lavoratori di'sedlcl dl-
_     versa nazionalita,' due polizlottl sono
,    piu che sufficient! a mantenere, l'or-
' dine in questo villaggio di sel mila abi-'
tanti.        •>' '.■•'.
- -Noi scioperiamo per'un- aumento di
acchl della Pennsylvania e percio la
" pace ' yieiie    raramente    disturbata.'
Serva questo a provare a quanti hanno
J    occhi "per'.vedere e orecchi per udlre
';come, spesse .volte" gli autori  di dis-
,   . ordfni fiio'n - debbano   essere   precisa-
,     niente ricercati nello elemento operaio.
, ' Noi sc ioperiamo per un aumento di
' .salario perche il'prezzo dei viveri ha
subito ini rialzo fortissimo e se potre-
mo ottenere un* aumento del 12.5 per
cento non realizzeremo' '* un, migliora-
mento tangibile; non faremo altro che
;    -contrabbila-nciar'e  le  mii'ggiori •. spese
..  .derivanti dallo attuale'1 caro vivere.-   -
[   J :.L'organiz__azion© fornisce 11 necessa-
rio.per vivere]-a luttl gli unionist! ed
;(alle lorb-faniigiio e  .noi'siaino decisi
dl'combattere fino alf'utimo per Im-
,    porre laccettazio,    delle Siostre -,do-
mande.. .'..'•       . ,   .
.    - Gli unie! che si trovino in cattlve aequo son6,alcuni'disgrazIati che anno
voluto porger'orecchio ai consign pel-
',. .osi dei signori vestiti dl nero'iquali
■ temono che se i minatori non tornano
al lavoro presto i loro" affari e le en-
- trate  delle ch'lese  vengano disastro-
... samente" danneggiatl.
■ -•■ A cost'Oro poco' importa se noi gua-
•*■ dagnamo appena da vivere lavorando
come bestte" quand'essi lavorando.nl-'
,' .ente si godonolauta prebende,'percio
cldicqnoche Ie compagnie minerarie
"non    reallzzano  . prof itt!    abbastanza
•; gross!; per poter accogliere -le n'o3tre
domande di .un leggero aumento dl
agogniato.".,- Per epurar© .' la J societa
presentei'da questo pericoloso irisettb
cioe il crumiro'' non occorrono dc-ttori
ma.bensi >di sinceri unionist!. . .''Cari,
se uniti noi saremo sta'a noi a-giiarirle
della'loro malattia di servilissi'mo irifil-
tradole la mforfina unionista Bio, ogni.
qual voltaaiomini del generi cfumi*ri si
pfesentimo. ,, ;   ■„" *      *     ,
* - " -■'"',; -.-... IGIFINUX DI ,VACIL.
i Preghiamo che tutte le comunica-
zioni slen'o accompagnate dal nome del
corrispondente 11 quale possiamo" pol
aggiungere qualsiasi (psuedomlnol.    .
WESTERN,CANADA
SEEN  BY SOCIALIST
Farming'Country Being Fast Built Op
*-    —Labor. In Demand
7 ' .salario
*,     Nol la pensiamo e la-.vediamo divert
samente. ^ Diversl" di .nbl sono ormai
-." stanchi; della loro  iritromlssione nei
nostri;affari e pensano.<che"sia"ormal
.tempo che provvedlnmo-a I medeslmi
• ' nol stessi.,     '"' '   -   ' •
Abbiamo qui' un'ottima "ban'da dlrotta
dal briivo prbfessbre;Zaccaro b poiche
i abbiamo'tutto il tempo a nostra dis-
poslzlone, studlanio e cl esercltlnmo
* Scrlero dl muovo,^_-It Lavatbre, Ital-
: lano.  ■ ■    .
Scrlvero di nuovo.
.        ( ',' Angelo.
■, *\ ,. By Lee L. Stopple ,*
, SASKATOON, Sask.—To quote the
words of the Immigration- boosters,
"All eyes are'on'Western, Canada,"
aiid it being' true'that the majority of
these are-workingmen's'and farmers'
eyes;, a few. observations' of a* Comrade' making a tour through this, the
Last Great-West, as'to "the actual con-
ditions..here, may prove of interest to
readers.',.' °     '- 7       *   -
One of the first charactersistics of
the -Northwest, noticed by- the newcomer from the East, is,, the extraordinary high price'for all the necessk-
tiesv'of life, the'price of .food and
clothing ranging anywhere from 20(-to
100 per cent more than ih the East.
All meatstuffs are vastly more expensive than the housewife has heen
in the habitt of paying in her .former
home in Ontario, the'Eastern or Mid-
Western States..,, Fresh , vegetables
are the. exception rather than the
rule.* Strange as it may seem. In a
much heralded and widely advertised
farming "'country, there is a decided
scarcity of those'products "on natur
ally associates as belonging to rurnl
districts.       . * 7    ■'  < ,
\ * ***
The thing uppermost in the Western farmer.'s'. .mind., .-■ Js" wheat—and
more wheat. And[ when-he* can raise
thirty* _ to ^forty;.bushels'-per acre -_f
"No. 1 hard" on 7 practically virgin
soil, he is not going totake.up valuable ground and..more precious time
•for* the. harvesting season is short
OUTDOOR SPORT AND
ZAM-BUK.
.-Every athlete,; every.'= ball-player,
.every swimmer, every -canoeist,-, every
man or woman who loves outdoor life
and exercise, should'keep", box-of Zam-
Buk handy. . •., -ty.yr'
'.Zam-Buk is'a purely herbal preparation, which, as soon as'applied to-cuts',
bruises, * burns, sprains;'-blisters, etc.,
sets up highly' beut_fidal;ioperations.
First,- its antiseptic properties- r'endpr
tae'wound free from-all danger-from
blood poisoning. - ? Next, "its - soothing
properties relieve and -ease/the pain.*
■Then its rich, herbal balms penetrate
the tissue, and set up'the wonderful
process of healing...-" Barbed -.wire
scratches, Insect stings," skin diseases.'
such as eczema, heat * rashes, -ringworm, babies' heat sores, chafed places,
sore feet—are all quicWy' cured .by
Zam-Buk. It also eases and ..ures
piles. All druggists and stores.*"*' Use
Zam-Buk Soap, 25c. per tablet. -
NOTICE OFASSIGNMENTi
il
* '   ,   , Lillo, Alta.
-; Egregio.SIgnoro Dlreltore del "District
Ledger."       ",      _ , „   ' ■
.   Progovi dl publlcare quosta mia lot*
, .terg (in riguardo nl crumiri
Slnm gluritl "" "  ■
A l'nlba ilo] terroro,     ' o
Meso che Incampo , •   /
■Nol Blnmo'dlscesI a do "    • -
Cho cl pn'gnno*n pul caro
ProJszo la vita cho spondlamo
nelle vlscero dl questo niontngnlo
Por nrrlchlro I nostri sfruttatorl
Ma so nol tutti. fosslino In enmpo
dlscosl, im pnlmo dl vlttorla nol aver-'
osslmo dl gin contro 1 nostri sfruttatorl. Ma la ninl aria o glimtn od n
portnto quo vllo Insotto cho o 11 crumiro Bpnndondo fra lo organlzznzlonl 11
fettdo sorvllo medio o vnlo dl uomo
vonduto n dlspotto dol'iinianlta o dl
coloro'cho tondono a rlnfforsnro II
fotldo sorvllo medio o vnlo dl uomo
vonduto a dlspctlo dol'umanltn o dl
coloro cho tondono a rlnfforznro tl bio-
ceo dollo unlone, bnlunrdo estromo
dollo lotto dl clnsse.
Qnol'iionio olio profnnn so stosso od
«!-rl per un pucrllo pozzo ill motnllo
non o degno dollo Boclota slvllo od mi.
lonlsla,
'Rimlnmlo In faccln a codostl vlll tra*
d tori elm lnfcstnno codosto, eontrndo
cho pudririrntio questa otoro unltnrln
elm nn giorno non lontniio dovr« renll*
mro || _,0BI10 Biihlimo cho da tnntl
■aTrd^riraTfeT"aTiF^any^=Inlhl^
prosaic .'pursuits of  truck gardening.'
His entire attention must of necessity
be given to the golden grain .hat" feeds
the.world's millions, lifts tho mortga-
ges, makes the flour mills grind, fill<«
the elevators,'.trains and^ steamships
and makes millionaires of the griilu
broker^—not the farmer.,''   .
1 The primary causes, of course, for
tho abnormal prices for all commodities In this section of the countrv are
heavy freight'rntes and tho many added profits of wholesalers, jobbers aiid'
retailers through  whose hands thoy
must pnss boforo renchlng the consumer. Future historians will, no doubt,
comment upon this isllent tax tlmt la
lovled upon everything   roqulrod   for
food, clothing nnd shelter for tho pooplo of tho Wost—a tnx  silent,  but
povoro, nnd as tennclous ns tho cnpltnllst systom Itself.     Tho so-eallod protective tariffs,.too,** ndds Its qiiota to
such .nrtlcl-Js ns aro Imported from tho
United States.   Wostorn Cnnndn has
good ronson for bolng prnctlcnlly unanimous In fnvor of reciprocity.
-.Campaign of Reciprocity
Tho  Dominion .Parliament  having
tnkon a two months' rocoss to rovnilt
tho Promlor, Sir Wilfrid Lourlor, to
nttond tho coronation, tho members
will tako advantage| of tho Interim lo
carry on an nctlvo reciprocity enpi-
pnlgn.   Tho mnlls will bo flooded with
literature, both for nnd ngninst, tlio
nRrcomont, nnd tho Dominion will bo
thoroughly cnnvnBsod by sponkors on
thU nll-nbBorblng topic.    The Oovo-'n-
ment nnd tho Liberal majority   aro
confident tho tronty will bo succe*--..
fully negotiated, wlillo lho opposition
nppnrently nro nt son ponding   tho
ratification of the treaty by tho United
Stntes Sonnto.
The Btendy lido of Tlrlllsli Immigration thnt hns boon pouring Inlo Western Cnnndn Ib ono of tho most notnblo
prosnuMny fr-nhiroR of , tho Dominion's history, An outlet fnr tho teeming population of the m-ltlsh isles Is
bolng found In tho brand oxpnnso of
the prairie provinces .of'the. Northwest; and tliey are, coming'by tens
and hundreds -and thousands, ,"' shipload after shipload, to begin anew
their lives in a land whero all is. new,
all is strange,.except tbelr flag. .
The Province of Saskatchewan is
receiving its share of these, new 'arrivals, and. also' a "goodly number'of
immigrants from'the Middle'*'Western
States, the majority of whom , have
taken up homesteads. With wheat
now out of ,the ground with a good
blade,* and abundant rains, the farmers are" everywhere working at high
pressure. '
. There _s a'good demand for experienced fai;m--laborers; all who offer
themselves are .employed at an average of $30 per^month and hoard .for
their services. v As a result of ■ the
daily increasing new population . of
the province,;all lines of business and
real, estate are forging ahead at'a
phenomenal pace.. City property and
farm lands throughout Saskatchewan
are steadily increasing, in value.
In Saskatchewan ' the , outlook for
the summer is that building activities
will exceed any previous year* of., the
city's history.-.The sound of'the saw
and hammer, can' be heard on every
hand. Last year buildings of all
classes were. erected, having a total
value, of $2,817,771—a remarkable figure fpr a city of only 18,000 population
Among this year's buildings will be a
new, five-storey hotel, five-storey department store, $100,000, Y. M. C. A.
building, a $120,000'' church" and many
lesser structures. "    , *   •
Labor in  Demand
...Unemployment' here is' practically
nil'the demand for,'all classes of la-,
bor, especially In' the building trades
and unskilled labor,' being very good
Pursuant to the-Creditors'"' Trust
Deeds Act,,and amending Acts, notice
is- h^by -^ .*•' ^at Frederick Richard
Waylett, Wrying on' businessVin the
City ' of ■ Fernie,' ' Johnson-Falconer
Block, Victoria,* Avenue,' by deed- of
assignment, for the. benefit" of "creditors, bearing* date *o_ the _2th day of
June, 1911,-made in pursuance "of the
Creditors 'Trust Deeds Act, has granted and assigned unto Cornelius E. Lyons of the' City.lof Fernie, aforesaid,
broker,"all' his personal estate^ credits and'effects which may be seized
and sold under execution, and all his
real estate, in.trust to pay the creditors of tho said Frederick "Richard
Waylett," ratably and proportionately
their just claims without preference or
priority, according to law.
A meeting of the creditors of tlie
said Frederick Richard Waylett' will
be held at the law offices of Messrs,
Eckstein & McTaggart, Eckstein Build
ings, Cox Street, Fernie, British Col-
umbia on the 24th day of June, 19] l,
at -2.30 o'clock in  the afternoon for
the giving of directions f.or the disposal of the said estate.     All persons
having claims against the said Frederick Richard Waylett are required to
deliver to the .assignee at his address
above  mentioned,  particulars   of  the
same duly .verified together with particulars of any security which may be
held by them;,therefor ns required by
th'e act, on or before the loth day of
July, 1911.     All persons indebted to
the  said  Frederick  Richard   Waylett
are required to pay the amount due by
them to the said assignee forthwith.
After'the 15th day of JulylrA.D. 1911,
the' assignee will proceed to distribute
the assets among those parties who
are   entitled   thereto,   having   regard
only to the claims-of which he shall
have then had due notice, *
Dated the 12th.day of June, 1811.'.
.   ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
5   Solicitors for the Assignee
Eckstein Building, Fernie, B. C*
VILLAGE MAYOR
^-WASTHE
The Strange Dream of a Poor Peasant
~    '   "Woman Proved to be a
r     Reality
PAGE   SEVEN
A poor peasant woman living in the
lonely .village, of Wagsellye, in Hungary, was notified by the post-office
authorities in/the   neighboring   town
that a„sum'*of-$1,000 was. lying there
for her which had been sent by her
husband-from North America.   They
told her to bring witnesses to establish her identity when she' came to
claim the money.'  The woman' went to
the mayor of her commune, who gave
her a certificate.   It was, however, too
lato to obtain .the money cn that day.
During the night two horrible apparitions appeared to the woman in her
lonely cottage. ■> These "ghosts" said
that they wero tho Devil and his brother Death, and tliatshe must give the
money thnt she had brought from the
post-offlco tliat'morning to the Devil,
as otherwise he would give her over
to his brother Death.   The* Devil said
that her husband,had stolen    It   in
America, and that thus it belonged to
him.    The .woman, "who was terribly
frightened, said that she" had not yet
got the money.    The "ghosts," it is
alleged, .compelled her to swear that
sne would deliver it to them next day
and, departed. , The   peasant   woman
went to the post-office and asked for
the money.   The postmaster said that
he wanted witnesses, and she repli.d
that she could not pay them to attend
as the money belonged to' the, Devil in
any case.    She then related the incident of the,'-night before.   The postmaster gave her the money and let her
go home, but acquainted, the   police
with her story.   They watched the hut
that night nnd arrested the "ghosts,"
who, it is alleged, turned out to be the
mayor of the commune and a relative,
who had, when  the police appeared,
already taken possession of the money.
■   RICH HERMITS
Eccentricities    of    Millionaires    are
Many—Some Live All Alone
in Garrets
VIOLATION-OF   FACTOR I ESI,  ACT
_______ ____t_t__<A(___._.f__t__.__ £_■'__■_.__ _.__.!       ,._
—-^v_«-r.v.o^.»i._iiiic—au _mint!"gro,.VTn
and development of the' country has
kept apace with* the''influx of immigration; hence there has been no reaction. - " *
, Railway building in the'province Is
being actively pursued among the
more important lines being the Canadian Northern's extension to Calgary
from this'city, and the Grand Trunk
Pacific line into Regina.-' The road
to Hudson Bay now seems assured, as
the Dominion Parliament has made
the' necessary appropriations' therefor.-
As nny,student of economics already knows, where the opportunities
are .greatest and prosperity more
bounteous tho message of tho broth-
orhoo'd of man finds denf onr nnd indifferent hearts. Such is,tho condition of tho Socialist niovement hero.
Bo It snld, however, to tho credit of
tho* City of Saskatoon* that thero
Is a thriving local hero of unswerving
loyalty to tho cnuso Is 'nulll secun-
dus." Tho wrltor hnd tho privilege
of heaslng'Comrndo Lostor spook fit
Regina a fow week's ngo. Ilo is ono'
of tho organizers of the Socialist party
of Cnnndn.—N. Y. Cnll,
"What are the .Inspectors doing and
where are they?" .This was the
query of Mr. Recorder Dupuis after he
heard the "evidence in, the case of Jos."
Savard, a 'foreman at the .Hochelaga
Cotton, "Mills, charged with having
struck a boy employed in the factory,
George,Prevpst, under fourteen yeai-3
-o^_6e_-^'Itts"a'snan!e7'"sSiu .lie'RF
corder,7,rto see parents becoming accomplices,- of, the manufacturer in
breaking'the law. - Fathers, mothers
or guardians will swear falsely that a
child is above' fourteen. Scores of
boys and girls under the legal ago are
employed by the manufacturers of this
city, and the inspectors see nothing.
.Even if they did see, documents' prepared by those interested -Would likely
cover the guilty parties unless .some
one prosecuted the pnrents for perjury. .'Tho Inspectors paid by the Government, should report the manufacturers who thus violate law, but where
are they and what aro they doing?"
Savard was fined $5 nnd costs,-the
enso being- ono of simple assault,--
Labor Gazette.
FINED  FOR   DE8ERTING
HIS   EMPLOYMENT
NO.
2D
4S1
."M
IH9
1378
S63.1
8227
m*
2877
112-3
2)78
_m
.:*ii
2W
"iftVix
57.
• ___■«
1233
itt*
2334
»52
List of Locals District 18
NAME aee. and p, 0. ADDRE88
,';",(,,on;, ";  P. Wlwnlloy, lunkhead, Alta.
Bajjw Creek  p. Gnughton, Denver Creek, vin Ptnclm.
■n.,_.mi__ *•"•*•'•*■«. foiiiirmor-a. a ta. /
r^(,ft,e  ?Y!- PftVl08' Carbondale. Colemnn. Altn.
~ ..  •"••■■*■«*■"»■*,ciiioiii,Aim.
Chinook: Mlw» .... Wm. Forsyth. Diamond City. Altn
JEST- atY ^^*M»^i«*
'"   ,   D* "•••i Pornlo, n, C.
.7Bnv  O- Nicol, Frank, Alt*.
Ho*mer J. Ayro, Ifosmer, ft. a ■'
/ ''"w*1 J* O* Jones, Hillcrest. Alta.
MtUbMdge  T*" M"on'. *»■ •> ""v jf ,7, LcthlirUiui
t,rMM m^\j"r„ <•<«■•••». •-. vifCx,,..
„ "•' •; ,v • '* Ewtjs. Lille. Fr*nk. Alt*
J****1 » M. B»mll. Michel, n. C.
^u/f  w^ <•"*♦, V***™*. Alt*.
i£" : • • J"Itam n»"«H-. T*bor, Alt*.
iever..,  B. Brown, Tiber, Alta.
An interesting light wna thrown In
tho Winnipeg Polico Court on the pro-
gross of nffnlrs In the "Manitoba Iron
Works moulding shop since (ho Btrlko
of tho moulders Inst fall, whon tho
ploco Hystem wuh Introduced with tho
objoct of antagonising the union. Fred
Hllklns wns clmmed by the compnny
with doMortlng Ma omploymont,. it
appeared thut ho Imd boen brought
from Mont renl, nml hnd boon nilvnneod
price- or his tlckol, Ilo signed n con-
trnct wllh tho Mnnllobn Iron WorkH ot
a scnlo of H2V6 cents nn hour. If ho
romnlned In their employ fort) months
llio fnro iidvniireil lilm would not be
deducted, but during thl« six months
It would bo deducted from, IiIh snlnry
In weekly Instalments.
T. 11. neaeon, the general nutnagtr
of tho Iron works, slated thnt the mnn
had roportod to work but liml Immediately left tho premises without giving any reason. Ho nlso snld that
during tho past yenr ho hnd sent, fnren
to various points of tho Dominion for
FINED   FOR   SMUGGLING   ALIENS
• For assisting aliens to ovndo the
Cnnndlnn Immigration offlcors, Daniel
Surtig, a Michigan Contral section
foremnn, has been fined $50 and costs
by the polico magistrate, at Windsor,
Surtig hnd n system doyised for bring-
Ing aliens ovor the' lino, using his Job
with tho rnllwny company as a means
of procuring tlmo-tabloa which vero1
given tho newcomers, with a not of
instructions to poao ns railroaders, Immigration Offlcor llrleil dotectod <lo
scheme and mnde tho nrrosts, Including thnt of Stirtlg.
-no   tret,   t...iv>    -iim.   ,
I *     - . .    ,.,.,,„ ,,(,   «(k«_vu
thnt TltlUtnti hnrt hrnVen bin roiiti-:ii-l.
Hllklns sot lip tho defence Dint Ilie
iron works was not nn opon shop, ns
had been represented In Montreal, nnd
«h«t It. waa a closed Bhop, no union
mnn betni**- T»M*Tnitif..i  t. .... <   ,.
' •    *■ •    i'U.I*   i.__>v»'ii,
Hits argument did not appeal to Mng-
istrnto Daly, who mid that it wa» no-*
o nintter of union or non-union, It was
whether the defendant had broken his
/Ontraet or ™t* Ho round Ihnt t.u
had dono so and fined him $20.
Th« defendant having .tntcl that
hi* eon* .one* would not nllow him
to work in thn rt.op ftTiy ]atm w)]f.n
he found It* character, tho solicitor for
<b* <vm,p«fly ,MkwJ pen,,,,,,,^ (0 rcft(|
a letter which th. firm bad previously
rocolved from him, In wblrh he »«„•*.
•M that h* had no sympathy with th_
uuU«* *ttA that he had helped t0
•mash * »tr,k» one* Wow.-l.ai.or
OniMttre.
Are Your Kidneys
Working Properly?
It Will Pay You Well to Make Sure
There's been n lot of "nicising" nbou*.
rheumatism and rheumatic pains cencr-
ally, but you can be dead sure that iittlu
pain ncioss your back cnifie irom dc-
creased kidney action.
The kidney s duty I, tfl fi|,er the blood
-•take out the iinimrltiei collected liv
the returning blood stream—tlo it just
ike absorbent cotton In a funnel fillcis
the Impurities from pnlluicd water.
when the kldncyi. are not working you
pre bound for one of two courses—Dia-
Him, uimbnyo and Sciatica. The for-
mer course I, usually fatal, ami the latter
a ways painful, but you need not have
vS" ll"y b0lh "" U «•% ft-
The vtrv best prewrlptlon for all kid-
pound. It j no "patent" medicine,
but * Klentilk prescription composed
of Stnneroot. llucliu, Juniper and other
I lull T/t.1'. ?'""■" **'?_ Mon "ban
1 that, it bn* f**f. pr•1v^d bv llum-aui!'.
wno have had glad relief from Its use.
ti. j * 1noth,n* (»uite *° miserable ai
the drauinK  remit, «f ,ic|.   u^y.
Vou are trifling with your own future
a*tnlM "^ *° ,imP|e * PwcautlorJ
as a pleasant home treatment with Nval .
•>».** irvuwi -ccimimurid when results' am
•o certain. " *a
It soothes bladder irritation, rivei
you rest and comfort at night, wui makes
life once more enjoyable. "
Tbe kidneys, liver and bladder are all
dependent upon one another, and Nval'i
Stone Root Compound it uutlcuUrlv
tbOgam to btlp tLem aH.    pwi,cuur,3'
.The   "vanity-of, riches"-has never
been    more   strikingly  demonstrated
than by the story of Mr. G. E. Dering,
wh'o died at Lockley Hall, Welwyn.
For'the greater part of half a century this lord of many acres and of a
quarter of a million of money had been
content to lead the life of a hermit in
his, magnificent home surrounded by
a thousand acres of park land.   His
valuable   pictures—by   Holbein,   Fra
Bartolomeo, - and other old masters—
have ■ stood for a generation stacked
three, deep, with their faces turned to
the walls.        ......
Gorgeous carriages, rich with her-
"aldlc^ain'Hng^iRrrottlng'IEii.Bcoacir
house;-his front door was overgrown
with ivy as high as the stone "shield bf
arms' that crowned it. Not even a lamb
was-'allowed to. bleat within hearing of
the .lord of this desolate mansion; and
even the 'high road was diverted, that
no sound of traffic should vex hisears.
Thus,' amidst dust, decayV'and desolation, lived and died tlie owner of $125,-
000'a*year, shunning the world and
3corning his wealth.
While Sir Henry Delves Broughtoh
wns Bitting at his attic-window, a man
Infinitely *. richer was walking the
■streets of St. Petersburg in the guise
of a beggar, pocketing the alms of
charitable pnsaers-by, and gleefully
carrying back his spoil to his miserable two-storeyed cottage in-ono of
the„clty'8 Blums. „
This waB the only "palace" of tho
multi-millionaire Solodovnlkoff, whero
lie lived, amongst his decrepit sticks of
furnituro,' with an old housekeopor.
Here ho would sit shivering through
tho cold winter days, too, miserly to
allow hiniBelf n flro, or even* to bright-
iti tho dark house with tho light of a
solitary .candle. For twenty years ho
was only known to wear ono suit, a
'thing of shreds and patches," scarcely
a vestlgo of tho original cloth remaining. And yet thla sordid-living hormit
was one of tho greatest landowners
md railway mummies In all Hussia—a
man who loft behind hlm a, hundred
million roubles. Far wealthier than
many kings, he led a lifo from which
most pcnsantB would havo shrunk.
A few years ago tlioro was no
wealthier man In all Paris than M.
Colasson, who for a genornllon had
lived as a pnupor In two roomB of his
magnificent palaco In tho Huo Galileo.
During all this porlod ho novor onco
loft hiB splendid prison, nnd no one
was ovor allowed to enter It except his
ono faithful attendant,' who kopt him
■uipplled with hia dnlly food of bread
and oggs. Ab In Mr. Dorlng's cnBo lt
was tho donth of a fathor that consigned hlm to IiIh heimll-llfe, so with
M. Colnsson It wnB the triiRlc death by
flro of a loved nephew and heir, in
187-1, thnt docldod hlm lo forswear tho
world and all Its vunltteB.
Within a fow wci-lti. of tho death of i
M. Colnsson tlioro died In an attic In a
Horlln slum ono Herr Bchwiir**, who
wns known to nnd pitied by his neighbors ns tho poorest or Ilie poor,   Ho
sullied out dnlly Into tlio fntihlonnblo
i rpinrliTs, dressed In nigs and curry-
jltiK a untile iu whleh lie colloctid cniBts.
lio lived alone and died nlono, a
mere   ling  of bonoa—surnmndod  by
1-lfhi.H: for In IiIh room wnn found fjto,-
)oii—In gold coins, stored In scon-s of
Jars iiiiiI bottles, and In   bank-notm.
with which his pillow and   mm trass
-.vero stuffed.
l-'or mnny years Mr. l»helps StnltPH,
■mo of America's richest mon, liv.il In
aim of the slums of Now York, leading
the Utii ot the poor among whom ho
i • f    •*•'"•   -,»"-*"--"'_■.   ull   lilltliiXII   III
In yfnr Ir-m. thnn bin tnrrimo for n dnv
IA tew yours ano Mr. Kails How turned
iiiu ba*. k on his palace In at. I_ouli. nnd
ironoun-ed hl» right to a mlllkn of
Imoni'y. tn spend IiIb dnya In voluntary
(poverty In ono of tho most wrr-lchod
jkiniB in tlie olty. Hit*-*-, In a tx^ltnrv
- room in n homo lor wnlla, the . x-Cro.*-
ttis cooked his own meals, made his
own bed, and counted himself errava-
,gant If ho spent moro than two dollari
s week on himuo-f.
WAVE OF PEACE
•■'.*.-,       ** ,    -     -   \i
Sweeping Enr-land in Response "to,Pro-
,pcsal for" Angjo-American       :-.
- *    •    Arbitration * * ',
7There.ls much activity within and
j also outside of religious bodies in
England in the'direction' of-Anglo-
American-arbitration, a proposal tha't
is; considered' of -much importance" to
Canada. London and tlie great municipal", bodies of England and*Scotland
are co-operating heartily in the organization of tho' national movement, and
a pari iamemary v committee recruited
from both sides of the House of Commons has. bc?n formed for promoting
an .agreement, the*, two' countries, in
favor of absolute arbitration. High
church Tories like-Lord Hugh Cecil,
are committed to it as-strongly as the
Scotch .Presbyterians or the Welsh
Noncomformists, and a series bf nonpartisan public meetings already has
been opened in many .English towns.
The advocates of this movement for
arbitration with tha United States aro
not discouraged by the German Chancellor's lack of faith in, universal arbitration and the limitation of armaments. Tbey, perceive that the German
emperor wants to break up thc Anglo-
American concord. They, admit that
England, and Germany must continue
their .wasteful competition in battleships and guns,without being affected
by the logic of .the situation.
The chancellor's willingness to come
to an agreement with England respecting an exchange of navai-information
is oniy a meagre gain which will not
alter materially the existing condition
of rivalry.. The arbitration advocates
reject the .idea that.Berlin can veto
the concordat between. London and
Washington.
If war among the English' speaking
nations has really become- unthinkable,- the sanest advocates- of peace
concede that the generalization 'about
a universal brotherhood and the' limitations of armaments aro not convincing. What is wanted-is "a-practical
recognition on the part of the* British
Empire and America of the truth tint
a.l outstanding .ssucs can be settled
peaceably.and that they will not"fi-ht
under any, c_'.-c-:mstances. When that
Inspiring example has been set, the
baneful influence b£ militarism will be
fatally impaired.
Nine hundred, meetings in all :tho
.cities of the kingdom were held in
two days. Councils representing 10,-
000 evangelical free churches adopted
-a resolution-in support of the proposed'
treaty and welcoming ,'the idea*" of
American churches "observing April 2
as Arbitration Sunday. "Copies of th's
resolution were forwarded to „ President Taft-and Sir* Edward Grey, the
isntisl. foreign secretary.-*'
News that the negotiations had actually been begun . was received at
these meetings, with great enthusiasm.
Arbitration was the theme of most of
the churches, and'a great peace demonstration was held at the Whitefields
Tabernacle, where Lord Coleridge" pro-
.B1let     Augi;stih7Bjrrell._chief Isnnrn.
tary ror Ireland,   was - the   principal
speaker.    After quoting:'
■ "There' is   a   tide in the affairs-of
men," he Eaid: -    ' ■    ~
"To-day there is „"a* great tide and
peace wave rolling across the Atlantic,
it ought to be taken at the flood."
FIFTY NEW TOWNS   ^
yvill be Opened by. the C.P.R. In tho
West this Year.
The Canadian Pacific Railway will
open fifty 'towns this year on branch
lines completed Inst fall., Last year
rorty were placed on tho map and
nearly all of them nre developing into
centres of commercial activity. Many
of the new towns are In Southorn Saskatchewan and Southern Albortn n
few miles north of tho boundary lino.
American settlors havo. largely developed these s-jcttoBB, .of,Wostorn Cana*
■^.l.-ltljo Past, and it Is Bald that feeders will be run from the MlnncnpollB,
St. Paul & 8au.lt Ste. Mario lino to
half a dozen American points to carry
out tho compnny's plnn for commercial
expansion.
FOLDING TEA TABLE,
Top Closes Over' and Dishes 8lnk Out
of 8lght In Body
Sir John Knlll, form?!* lord mayor
of London, haa Just boon presented
with a tea tablo like that In tho illus-
trntlon by tho city corpornllon of Hint
olty. That fact nlono would recommend tho tnblo to somo peoplo, but It
happens   to havo morllB of its own,
EDI GAT
Laid Its Body on the Chest of a Pa-'
tient—Arrest ofv'a.Sorceress','     *,
In France '   '    .'    7'"...
*., Many people of the working-class in"-*
town and country still, have"great faith
in quack doctors, and.lf these persons ' i
profess to have   some    acquaintance    -'
with  the * occult sciences  this .-confi-  *
dence is strengthened * rather - 'than"  .*■*
diminished.'   In  connection  with'- tbe, - -
dearth of a-young man who died/after- , -
a short Illness, a woman who went.'to     "
for bone*-_ettirig, and-who, moreover,  -'•"
had recourso to empiric devices, haa    ,
just been arrested in the Lyons dis-   *
trict, France.   When; at the .eleventh'"
hour, the doctor was called    in,    ho .'
diagnosed pneumonia, but he saw that   .*'
hie services could be'of no avail, as
the   case   was   already   too  far   ad-    ' *
vanced.    *
The young mnn had been a patent of
the so-called sorceress; who had laid
tho body of a cat, which she skinned
while it was alive, on his chest, with
strict injunctions that   it. should   bo
kept there as  a   sovereign -r remedy.
Sometimes she used pigeons; rabbits,1'   .
and even squirrels for the same pur-,  .
pose.    She  had a  special  liking  for
squirrels,   but   in  this particular  in- --.
stance the cat was employed, as It was "' •
less expensive.  ,    •
Although   she  is  ,in * custody   it  is
difficult to get evidence against this'
woman, as the peasants are (reluctant     *'
to give anything away on' account of" ',
the" wonderful,reputation that*she on-   .''--
Joys among them as an expert in tho7-'-
healing art.    Her prestige-.in",thessC7
parts had been greatly enhanced by -7 -
the fact that she has never missed an '" •
opportunity of proclaiming that some.'     -
time ago she cured the wife of a phy-'
sicianin practice in one of the'ch'ef' ■■*■
towns in Franco, of a dreadful malady; ■*''
and  that the lady's husband, out ,of     ' '
gratitude, had initiated, her into the   '
secret   of   dealing    effectively * with
every manner of d's'as',   Th's story,     ' '
of course,'is pure fabrication, but the
Ignorant peasants believe it.
"      MARRIED A CONVICT .
A ■ Drcfrn-Ei or  V.'ac  f.e • Bride   in  a
' , „    ' Mcntpelier Prison
At the prison of Mcntpelier the other"-
day, a convict wos carried to a young
dressmaker from Marseilles. The man,
named Denncry. who wiis iecently,s:n-,
fenced to a' long term, of penal sarv:-   **
tude, was leader of an organized band
of bandits operating in' th; sQuth and
centre of France, and was nicknamed
"Big Heart.** , The  witnesses, to the '
ceremony ver? the prisoner's brother."
and thrreof-the pris:n v.ardors. -The"'"
doors of the prison w..re thrown wide
open so tliat the■ ceremony might be   •■
l_n__hH,r__hii __*_•_.___«.._.____. . ...
— _._._...,,—wu..—,.__ ui *.-.**» aa -«.—_.(iuijg^miii--r-iT
tary guard on duty.   The dressmaker   -
seemed* proud.and happy at the idea*
of having b.cbme the wife of a real
bandit. '■'*"■
SIR CHARLE8   HARDINGE   *
Vtcoroj- of India, who Ih Kivlns. much
'■.tu-ntlon   to'tho  visit of'tho  Kin*
ftiul   Quuon   to   India   jn   Uooomber
noxt,   -
ACQUIRED THE OPERA
Horlln, nt Inst, Ib gunrnntoed'1 tho
acqunlntnnco of Dr. Strnuss' "Roson-
cavallor." After many weeks of hosl-
tatlon and parleying! the Kaiser's
Itoynl Opera has acquired tlio rights,
nnd tho pleco Is to be prcsonled ns tho
opening, novelty of tho forthcoming
autumn season,
8PIN8TER8 PROTEST
Tho spinsters of Gormany ha*i*o Ib« '
sued a strong protest ngninst thr: uso
of tho word "fa-julcln" as applied to
unmarried women. Thoy Bny It* Ib a
ridiculous nnaoliroiilHiii, dating .from
tlio silliest Rococo age. All women
who hnvo renehed their majority nro
entitled-to call themselves "frau.".
THE PRICE OF A KI88
A qunrrel about tin.* price of a kUs
led lo the locii of tv «■ Hvi-h near Esseir.
In Hlovonla,
Hl» Lcn-j Service.
Mr. l-Mwnrd V.' Horton, rnshlcr of
Messrs. Hog.-r.i, Sons, nud t.ti., mer-
clinntH. of Wolvorhnmpion, hnn Just
L-Hiuplvlt-d hi.y.-niy ■.earn' survloj with
tin* firm, lit* bvgan as n Junior cltrk.
and mil-Hi'im-nily rose to bo accountant, eonridf mini socrotnry, mul finally
C* .llllll.')'.
,    .,.._}   ,a.i.. L.   wt   4-._i._-
t'inarn   nwn\'"   Up If,
'TVft   X.lt.   t\-r.t
ituro Is that It
dim two und i-lfciB that form part of
, Die top, luatt-ml of folding down alung
tho sldea. aa they do in most table, ot
i this kind, turn up nnd fold down In th>
.centre, allowing the contro portion to
sink Into the body, a« *h. y do, nnd nil
*■..»».t-» i..Mi._-n Oikiipjifur in o.o
A Notable Figure.
The  death Is recorded  of ex-flnr-
■B^«.,l .!.wi, a uiu-.Khv llOllll.Jt. IIKUIO
In tho Mnnr-hfptnr pi it,-,. fnr,,,, Jlt,
ceased, who Btood (Itt. 3 In. hi height
and weighted lflst., -ash on many oe-
■rimton-s -rhAtrn to art as bodyguard to
tbo Into Queen Victoria on ht r vlsllu
North. He retired from tho forco sov-
«*ntr*»*n  v»-nrn ni*ri
, f* Inkling of an eye, leaving a tnblo on
which   a   rubber   of whim may be
, plnytrt.   Later, when the guests have
'»toni>, the dlBliPB.tau bo removed from
tl-.o Interior of .ho table and waihi-d.
A Century Nest.
It Is stated that for a hundred yean
a family of blue tits havo nested Ira
tho same treo on a farm near Btocl.
lon-on-Tees,
Por 8ale In Pernio nnd Oimriuitu^ by
N. 6. 8UDDADV
PROFIT AH INCENTIVE TO CRIME, u„_ „i. YY     .,    .
I tt»y «l»o had padlocks on them.   This
■ '_wvi.il nn vrny Mr th» glrla to e^catjc In
i Ju lii**' pn-llmlnury report on flro pr->j *■«*« of flro c-x«*pt by tho riro oarapea/i
.t^i-iM. (.-i-jn-'ti-fd by th. flro niiir-.t.-.l : The«« plrt« art, «.-*jk."-n| io the dan!
jtlie in-i'stftrutor. Capt. Hyrnc, r-.oii!.t'Ker"or a horrlbU- ih-ath, tw-rau«c to tiro*!
, lo fo'lov, Inn: t vide proper am! **t<> tondMan* etavld  ^ ,,A
T found tho door* to rh*» *»lr.vfi'r.r*irft*t money and would tt-tlun* th** pro-   t -*'—
i_.,.i __.ui. .^.ii__>._. .-j ._.. ..     'tits on the nroiwurtv. : 11VJ:
Om Ibr Mcb tv«iydty aih^Q!
lock-l »lih l^llocks and Du, t\*niar'<ntlmYhn l>TOi*rt*
l    Profit,  private,   pr-tnonnl  profit. !U
|m,n Und no means ol owning „.«,,!Ihe ^^ bZL
It t«-n-ip'M
tun ot Ohio, Citt nr Tmji**., .
I.i i a» c«>i;vr<. ,'«»■
tnr uur <r i'i.. wtu i,/ j. j. c*,*^*,,   . ...   ^ZT,
oTt*.*, M,*,* l™,?!m"1 ,M" ^"^PJ* m ™ut
l,*,m. «» tv<,_r» nv vm wubvrbre't* u* 'v*_<»_
Ola UH i*y ul ll,«v,._.,r. A   I. ,Tm«7        ■'*r'*,'*w-
***'•*•/ * «• ft'ir«iiv,
■***'•' t Ncrttit I-rniic.
_,_"_'■-'* n,,,r,h •"'"" '* "t,n inntittlr «m| art*
iX T^^yyjvzr "■"*»' •" •-
t*U Hilt* rttttAf IIIU t.« f.«.MIWtU». my
■ A-*. -
."'*"..","*.- _\~.v- . .    .
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a.    -
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'iYY'Y:-'\
PAGE   EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FER_{IE, B. C, JUNE 17, 1911.
; AROUND'TOWN
!»•..-
,' A. J. Mott ha? sold two Ford auto-'
_ mobiles,., in Cranbrook 'to H. A.  Mc-
'-'" Rowan and Simon Taylor of that city.
',- •' William'--.Haldane after a" residence
of over two years in Fernie left-on
, Friday morning Westbound for Nelson
* .,*wbere'he intends.to follow his profes
sional duties of • architect.      *
„    Mrs!" Peter.   Patterson and family
.-. reached _ town on Tuesday'    morning
> from Nova Scotia and intend to make
-,   thoir home"in Fernie,hereafter, whereat Peter Is naturally, very well pleased.
' A- branch of the Imperial Bank of
Canada will be opened. at Windsor,
Ont;"-on or about the, 5th of June
' ' nnder the- management of. Mr.'G. J.
Lackner, formerly, manager at Essex
.,. branch.
* *.,- Joseph J."-Lyons,.has been appointed
night .constable  to.fill  the,'vacancy
'   caused "by tbe resignation ofi*R.""N.
Clerke and the'promotion of Richard
Bowen  to the position  of  Chief of
Police.
'" ' The Davis Bros. Electrical, Co. are
opening' a branch electrical store In
* Fernie'this week., E. Ismay, of this
city, will, be the manager of the new
store and left to-day for Fernie to take
up his new" duties.—Cranbrook' Enter-
.  prise. % -    .    i       .
■   Robert N. Clerke was a.passenger
* on Tuesday morning's westbound en
'   route to-his new position as  Chief
of Police of Vernon, where his many
friends hope "that .he will meet with
every success, and of this, by- reason
of - his   past   excellent record, they
[ 'are' practically   assured    by   anticipation. * ■ .
The Associated Boards "of Trade in
, Lethbridge on Wednesday wired resolutions to Ottawa urging early settlement of Coal Strike by the Goyern-
ment. No suggestions are offered as
an effectlye'method and we dont taiow
. that, the Dominion authorities can do
any more than they have done unless
they deem It advisable to assume the
" right of eminent domain, and operate
.the mines long, enough to ascertain
,   thereby the accurate status and then
make an adjudication.'    ' ..
"THE CAT AND THE FIDDLE."
*****&a A A kA A A A A A A AAA'-VA A AA AAA*>.
FOOTBALL
The devotees of the. leather   " are
keeping up' interest in the'game. ,
,   One day it is "Married*v Single; with
victory for the former;-another game
and the tables are turned, and now
the sons of Scotia claimed superiority
, in soccer over the Sassenach and ex-
, press "willingness to meet them agV.n
. to try conclusions..
THE    INTERMEDIATES
We dislike- to record, the fact, but
candor compels.   The - Baseball team
•   has gone down to defeat three tlniiM
ln succession, and we therefore'doom
obrevity Is the essence of" kindness.
Keep atyyour practice, boys, and remember this" "Tliat it Is not ho who
never falls that Is -most entitled to
praise, Ibut ho who^ after overy defeat rises with a' firm determination
to grasp the laurel crown of victory
sooner or lator."    Let uh ^opo It will
be sooner	
(Porhaps if they did n littlo more
* grasping on tho ball It might be nonror
i tlio point)
» The Cat and_.the Fiddle, the merriest of all the musical extravaganza of
the present season," will' be presented
nt the Grand 'Theat're.TJu'ne 22nd.
„ As the title indicates" the. play 'tells
of the wonderful doings of •he .-eoUe
of another-world in connection with
some of those of our own flesh and
blood. The motive, of the story is
this: In a far-away island, the Island
of Eye,' the great Eye .rules over the
destinies of the people. ' The nominal king,, great Gobs, and his consort,
Queen Circe', are the rulers *so long as
the Eye is kept' open; but every hundred years a sacrifice, in the guise of
a young girl with a strawberry mark
on her left ..shoulder has to be offered as a token for"lhe'continuance of
the reign of the Eye., "Unless, the
sacrifice Is offered, the Eye closes and
Great Gobs and Queen Circe lose their
power and the Genii, with the Cat and
tho Fiddle, who have been imprisoned
In a jar In the bowels, of the Catsklll
Mountains for six hundred years,-are
restored to .lie throne. ' „ .   ,' "
The play,'opens with Great Gobs
and Circe.finding the girl,-. Polly, In
tho vicinity of Kokomo, Ind. While
.Polly, her lover,,(Wilfrid) and their
friends'are ,oh a cruise the ship drifts
towards the island of the Eye. Tbe
wishing ray from-the Eye beams on
the ship. The villian wishes to sink
the .ship and all are washed Into the
sea. -     i      -       , y •
The second act opens with ,every
ono saved and on the Isle of the Eye.
Great Gobs,and Circe relentlessly keep
up their search for Polly, but are foiled by her friends. "Tn .the meantime
Happy,-a tramp, finds the'jar. of the
Genii, breaks it- open and releases the
Genii and 'the- Cat and the Fiddle;
whereupon, the Genii becomes the
slave forever and any wish Happy'niay
ask is granted, providing the Cat and
the Fiddle are' present.
The last act finds Polly in th.e_.ow
er of the Great Gobs, who is to. offer
her as a sacrifice to the Eye, which is
almost closed.," , He is about to triumph, notliw'itiistancling the efforts of
her-friends to, release her, when the
Cat and the'Fiddle, Happy and the.
Genl appear "on-the scene.,
The "Eye closed forever, Gob- and
Circe are dethroned ,and the Genii and
and the Cat and the, Fiddle come into
nower aeain.1 Happy wishes that he.
Polly, Wilfrid, Mike, Hans'and the
rest of "the * mortals* be. transported
back to America, whereupon-they h.'
sail skyward, homeward bound," leaving the Cat and the Fiddle, and the
Beautiful Genii in full power as absolute* rulers of the island of the Eye. ,
.,,. - -■ * *- - .> *- -
 _A.._.pnni pp ti y____._*if fnr t y.-nl n yp ra.. are.
promised headed by the clever comedian, Harry B. Watsbn> ably - assisted
dian Harry B. Watson. * 'Ably assisting the such "celebretles aS the Hoy-
Inns, Rose-and Arthur." famous both
ln this countrv.and Europe and _ us-
tralia, for,iheir wonderfully characteristic delineation*?, of- the dances'^of
nil countries, nlso fnmed for.tlipir acrobatic dancing.'" Thpn comes. Geo.-^.
Hnrt. that funny Germnn comedian. .T.
O. Campbell, sweet tenor sineer: tbe
Gotthnrds,' fnmous nnimni Impersonators^ the .fullest nctor on- the stnee.
Geo.., T5, Wnkefleld; superbly'-formed
Mnrtv Mnrts. mnklnc; n'n ensemble'seldom seen In a road company,
I Letters To,   ;"}
*\_ ,    .,'**        '• "'      •■■'-.*    "-■■     •'    v" ■*
J      TheEditor %
x^HHMf .-Jf,¥*•. ^[-V»V¥¥¥"»,fV¥-¥¥:**i-'*^
The editor" Is'"- not * responsible for
article's that, are sent in.   ••.„.-.   -'
GROWERS'.^ASSOCIATION.
,     ,    .Victoria,-June 7,,; 1911.
To the' Editor, District Ledger:—,   ".
Dear Sir,— -
Re Reciprocity Agreement
' "The Board of Directors of theB. C.
Fruit' Growers' Association held-," a
meeting at Kamloops ori June 3rd last,
particularly to consider the proposed
rciprocity agreement. ' "'.•'■*
Some time- has elapsed' since this
agreement was brought down in the
House at Ottawa; The interval has
given time for consideration of all the
probable results of free tra3e on our
fruit arid vegetable Industry. The
resolution, of which a copy is enclosed
comes then with peculiar strength as
the product of serious consideration
ou the part of our foremost fruit growers. "*-
Whatever may be the effect of reciprocity In its various other items,r.it
ls the unanimous opinion of our directors that it will havo a detrimental'effect on our fruit,,industry and It,is,
therefore to be vigorously opposed by
all the legitimate means in our power.
Yours very truly,- a
',"      ; ,       R. M. WINSL'OW
. , "■ y _ ' Secretary. '
' 'Resolution passed at a-meeting- at
Kamloops, June 3rd:      r '
."Whereas,- there has been-introduced in' the Federal House a bill to promote reciprocal trade with the United
States, and   *- '' '•■
"Whereas * the proposed reciprocal
agreement-1 will permit free trade in
fresh fruit and vegetables,
° "And, whereas, the proposed reductions in ' duties will have the effect
of reducing the prices' of our products
in' Canadian "markets.
.1. Be It'resolved that we, the" directors of'the British' Columbia Fruit
Growers' Association put ourselves on
record as condemning the proposed reciprocity agreement between Canada
and, the United States, as being detrimental , to the -fruit'Industry of
■British Columbia.
, "2."'And ,be-it further resolved that
copies of this resolution be forwarded
fo the Minister of Agriculture of British Columbia;'to the Board of Trade
of the province;.to the Agent General
in Great*Britain;, to' all the members
of the. Dominion House from British
Columbia, the press generally, and the
the meeting, the" remainder," did not
put in any -appearance, Jr "wonHer" do
I . misfike, . n'_;' saying that - .'-Mfc_el
Miner" *wa*&,'qae bf thosO who,* after
haying-^asked^for the-special meeting
had not thej pluck _ to be." there- first,"
but camesneakirig'in.' when"the "buslT
ness was'almos^coinpleted.or was he
one-of those, who was-seen at the
opera;house?i "My;advice to "Michel
Miner" and many others is-to..quit
discussing union.affairs on the' depot
and say more, at the meetings..v. C "\
'a. \ -Yours truly;.--; '' , . "j
','V-      "BRIAR HOLME"
this way assist both the'eompan;/. *ajul
Premier Murray ^hd'Major Thbi. fegoh
to follow closely..tbe"-^!!!^offeree,
ment ■ ; ' - * 7vY "■ v "**-• -■
,/r-j-*.' .   'Yours.ve'ry-truly;'      _.'.'"..
'{J":.\y-\: .   i .v..*"'WM/'wA*r^ris
NOTHING 8ERIOU8
Tho roport reached town on Tuesday ovoning that thero hnd boon a
bad nccldont on tho logging railroad
of tlio Fornio Lumber Co,,'but upon
enquiry wo lenrn' thnt nothing serious
had -fecurrod, Sovoral of tho mon received Blight brulBos. but only such ns
roqulrod simple and first atd attention. Tho material damages woro of
•flight consoquonco,
FederaPMinisters of~A~gricuTture and
Finance at London.   „
'-'Carried unanimously,  .
*" R. H. AGUR_ Chairman.
.   R. M. WINSLOW, Secretary
ENCOURAGING  OUTLOOK
Mr Arthus Llnd|oy travelling snlesmnn
from Creston, oil behalf of the Fruit-
Growers' Association, when In town
rocontly roportod thnt tho outlook for
tho ensuing season wns particularly encouraging, Tho weather conditions
recently, nlthoug.li slightly behind time,
havo been Ideal and tho crop of fruits
and vegotnblos from which tho Crcs*
ton district is notable, will sui'iinss all
prior records.
To the Editor of the District,Ledger:
Dear Sir:—   .'
1    - Michel, B. C, June 13, 1911
In your last issue there appeared a
letter from a "Michel Miner"; He nb
doubt, wrote in all sincerity. He con-,
c-emns the'action of tho union officials
and makes the silly assertion that they
In ari indistinct, manner, are simply
asking us to go back to work, Nonsense, what' is his renson for crying
about the families In the old country,
If "Michel Minor" would take more Interest than.ho,npparently does In the
union meetings, ho might havo saved
himself tho trouble of .writing such a
melnncholy lottor, _Ho appeared to bo
ono of the mnny who do all their kicking on tlio depot. I dare say ho \Vns
ono of' tho fourteen members' who
petitioned for n specinl mooting do-
ninndlng Immodlnto rellof for dependent s ln tho old country, Out of
the fourteen, twolvo woro absent at
•tho oponlng of the mooting, Ono or
two arrlvod during tho latter half of
-.,.-._-,, -' .Michel, .B.. C. \-.. '*
-';•,"!*'• ' „_. ;"* 7_7*June-13thV,_1911
Editor;" District Ledger/' Fernie:y
: Dear Slr.—Wlll you kindly aiio'w me
to correct "errors re report. of 'the
smoking concert' held at Michel, which
appeared In the last issue of tlie District Ledger. Your, correspondent
seems to possess to a remarkable degree the gift of imagination. Each
week as I read Michel*Notes "Krlmea"
reminds me of one who said "Lay'd in
my quiet, bed,' ln study as It were, I
saw. within my troubled head a heap
of, thoughts appear." Beginning IiIb
report."Krlmea" says. ''A grand free
smoking ^concert by Michel. Local Union was held ln,Crahan Hall. Proceeding, he gives a detailed account of
the artistes, and their various feats.
SUre,"the Imagination' of - "Krlmea"
soars high. He mention's as participating -In' the* eventa of the evening
Messrs. Quayle, Briscoe, - Ferryman,
Rea, arid Jas. Cartniell.7 Now "Krl-
m'ea," as-^well as7'myself,* Ss alive to
the fact tbat none of tbe above mentioned "took any! part in the proceedings. Jas.**,Ca'rtmell was In attendance1 but a very few minutes, arid certainly did not .partake of refreshments,
WTiile „,Mr.'-Ffodsham was" giving an
excellent rendering of "The Old Rustic
Bridge by the \ Mill,", J". Cartmell was
wending his way to .the new government bridge up the creek. Continuing. "Krlmea", writes '/The smoker continued until the small hours of the
moi'iilng, when a fp v remarks by the
eomi'i'ttee brought a.successful e-*t-n-
in-i to a close." . _ Tw, Krlmea must
have attended , very few successful
smokers or his idea of, a successful
evenings are very limited. The writer
along with several others, was disgust
e'd with the manner'refreshments were
T it
serveid and,.the-way iu which several
of the committee .conducted themselves."   ■   7";; y \:   '       " '{
Now, Mr. Editor.-why does "Krlmea"
furnish you .with a programme that he
knows full well is thirty per cent-fictions? I."for one, "strongly protest
against' such silly actions of "Krlmea."
_T_>__.__V1-^. ;_...». a _.l #_.___._. —a.-* nnr. j.1.1
■UVH~--~UIUI—Tcpu.i v^7l.aCl.Drr livit^mlz—Oiu.-
thing. If he Is getting his news second
hand, then it-, ls/hlgh .time he paid a
little more' attention -to business... Of
"Krimea" I'm af^id it cannot be said,
'His .words are b.onds; his oaths oracles; his thoughts.immaculate; his heart
as  far from"fraud as) heaven from
earth,;" , ./,*'  _.
"If, this .should-meet the eye of
"Krlmea',' and he would tell us why he
sent the editor an exaggerated account
of the Michel smoker, he "would greatly oblige
Yours truly, _
'; JAMES CARTMELL
■^•^♦♦"♦♦.♦♦.♦♦♦•♦-■♦■^■♦♦♦.^"♦^"♦.♦^
o
o
:f>:
. „ Victoria, June - 8th/ '-tSti;
Editor, District Ledger.Fernie, B, ,***.:~-r
"7Deaf, Sir,—Wil you kindly, ;thV%gti
the" medium of your valuable p-tyer
give publicity to the following - Communication recentlyr received 'to'.tills
Department "with regard *to'j the ^bne
thousand dollar Stilwell Trophy. ^ be
given* for the best 'exhibit, of pbt^to'os
at' the. American Land. and'jrri^Uon
Exposition, to ,be' held "■ ,'at ^Si^isotT
SquarecGardens(rNew-*Ybrk, Nov'^por
12th, 1911. viz.:'';    .     ".'. ",'v .   7-' ,
"At the American Land and j[f*ci_ra-
tion Exposition to be held at M^^ls-Ott
Square Gardens; New York, Nov^-^per
3rd to 12th, 1911, there ls'aone ^bou.
sand dollar trophy offered for "tW b»^t
exhibit.of late potatoes. - The e-Aibtt
does riot necessarily need lo po\0ng
to one Individual, but may be exb^lted
by a department' of agriculture, ^r. •
ers organization, orfby a district*,The
main point is that- the one .tho^amd
doilar'Stllwell Trophy Is to .be _lv©n
for the,test,exhibit of potatoes ^presented by riiarketable quality, smooth
appearance, flush eyes and uniformity
of size. The yield of each^v^iety
per acre; which niust be officially, surveyed, must be sworn to by the gfXx^dr
and attested by. two reputable wi*-beSB-
es. -_ . ' *'    '  "i
i u i     i i       ^       *
It will readily appear to you, tbft-t the
winning of a .rophy of this chapter
will advertise your provlrice a* this
great exhibltlo nextenslvely. W^ ore
confident, that'- splendid , potato-?8 can
be grownMri Western Canada, a***", are
very anxious that one, or all ot the
four Western' Provinces shal taK6 ,'th.ls
matter up in r systematic and c^et'il
manner,* supplying a creditable exhibit
so that, If possible," you may.wJ*-\ the
handsome trophy, referred to. -
Will lt not be possible for yo^r department to tako up this matte.'- , We
would like to have.,a reply fro**** you
stating- what you would be pr-tfUared
to' do" In "the-way of gathering this
exhibit.",',f , ' ■-      "''-•.•*'''.
-; -."""  Yours very truly,
.,*-"  ' -'- J'WM. E.'scd .'f.  -
Deputy, Minister
o
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Nest
ing
Limited
CORONATION    DAY
Preparations,-to ensure a complete
succession. Coronation Day arf-^ell
under "way. invitations have b*oe*fl'
sent out .asking that* the vario.s- Industrial- and fraternal societies*- will
f6rm__part__of__the procession, the ,*._3Qp_l
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V:\Y ■  •'•■'    •. ■-.,,-        '.••.■■    iy ... *,<►,
The Store of pood Raines
i,,   ,'   '   l* '. '       l *, •. %   , ' i-     >       ' ;-•■■'.*■    v ' i    -    *
■ -"'- -. "*'-=' ■ i '"..""''    ■/,''*. '"   *. ■**-;''    ■"'"* -',,v,* X •'■''-
Grocery Spetifiils- for   ,
77*. * * * -■-■"      ''Y*  '  ~r"K>~--..<- • .'- ." *."    V v   ;    7^**"   .' ■' *,'
; Saturday aiid Monday ?
,r* :> i        sj f ■-   *      -s      . . '      * .i f ' ^ ■- v » _ -i  .
'.    . Your dollars always',have the biggest purchasing    -'.
power here, while tho undermentioned'special val--
*:      ues for Saturday and Monday selling, guarantee'
you a saving above tho ordinary., ,       . J      ,',*,.
Choice Alberta'Creamery Butter, 3 lbs. for ..   85c. ■•
, B.'C.'Pure Cane Sugar, 20 lb. sacks,..:.',. * $1.20        „
1 Gal. Crocks Mixed Pickles, each ..........80c.
Best\Japan Rice! 5 lbs. for ..." -.:. •".. .25c. 7
m Assorted Cake Iceings, per pkt .'...;.*.   09c. 4 '.'
2 oz. Flavoring Essences, best'quality -15c.    .
.. .Common Clothes Pins, per doz.'.............   02c.
. White Star-Vinegar,, quart bottles  .. :18c.'
y  • .'„-••', >   .       ■..-.■'
Raspberry "VTinegar and Assorted Fruit Syrups.    [ •"
* \40.oz. bottlej?;'....,' ........':'... _.. ...v.-   35c.     *
'•-,,•'■,■■ i    , -   i'i      \i • ,,      .',---*■.*..
,  Shredded Wheat Biscuits, 2 pkts. ..:...;.   25c. '
,',''*,     - ; ., ,..-".       *     ..    -
Fancy Limoneria Lemons, per doz, '.. /.*>.:,.   35c-,   •
., Sheriffs Jelly Powders, 4 pkts for .>■'.'.... :v "25c. ';,.-
, 3'lb. Tins Economic Tea ..'........../. .,'.:■. -; ,90c. .7
2-4b.'/Tins'Table"Syrup, each ...........;. ;-10c. ; 7'
>ilb. Pkts. Imported Maccaroni,.2,pkts for.h125c'
"- Mason's Fruit Jars -(quarts) per,doz. ...:.'.",', 75c
Canada First Cream, large 20 oz., tins. - 11    *" , ' '•
.tins for.... 'A.'.'...'    $1.00-   . .
children-will-be decked out i*tf tbelr
best bib'and tucker. The Boy Scouts
also -will. partlclpate'7and ■ addHlorial
prizes have been-provided to V es'
pecially competed foi* by this (J-Ss-jocla-
tion.* Judge P. E, Wilson' ha*-* give-o
the Athletic Association a coraf>*"_0,a0
flrst, prize, and Mr. G. G. Moffat suitable prizes for the 2nd, and 3f^ Uoys
In' the competition.
t
1
i
THE 8PRINQHILL STRIKE
NEW WET GOOD8 FACTtJ^V
fl WORLD of DELIGHT
for the LITTLE ONES
The Dancing
Doll Babies
In Stage Illustration
, Liiiie
Boy Blue
i
Jack & Jill
i
Utile Red
Riding Hood
Little Bo
Peep
Mumpty
Dumpty
Little
Jack
Horner
GRAND THEATRE, THURS. JUNE 22nd
Prices $1 and $1.5G«no higher.   Chilcrcn SOc.   Plan at McLean's
...   Glace Bay, N. S„   .
June 9th, 1911.
Editor, District Ledgor, Fornio:-—
Dear Shy-A few, days ago wo received a telegram' asking particulars
of tho Springhiil settlement,
I oncloso a copy. ' (These partlcu
lars will bo found "on. pago 2.—Ed.)
Tho six numbered clauses aro just
what the company agrcod to do, and
'was htundod to'our commlttoo ln writing by Promlor. Murray, of Nova
Scotia, who negotiated with tho company as an Intermediary during the
conforenco.
I'notico that a section of tho subsidised corporation pross In .Wostorn
Canada has' published dollboroto false
statomorits' regarding tho settlement.
That is to bo oxpoctod,
.Although tho lliOO mon who camo
oiit an striko August 10th, 1000, lmvo
not won all thoy asltod and all thoy
nro entitled to rocolvo, tlioro Is a numbor of good things In tho sottlomont.
For Instance ALti tho strikers aro to
bn employed. Tho award of tho Long-
ley Hoard on a docking ByHton Is
Ri'nnlMt. ThlH Ib n groat lmprovomont
ovor tho old systom, which doclcod tho
wholo of 1R00 lbs of coal whoro 00 lbs
of stono wns found, and undor which
schomo tho ronl company did In 1008
oonflscato 20,000 tons of conl, representing somo $0,000 In wages and
about fiR.OOO for tho company on market, prices. TJio now systom makes
such practleoB Impossible, Tho Long-
ley nwnrd nn docking wns nreopleil
by iho mnn, and not rojootort, as tho
opei-ntoi-s prossmon stnto.    Tho Impro*
. .  1    1      -I ' '   1 .,,, 1   Lt,.   v..If.   lr\ ' rrU-r.
,t,„   ..... t.t.tf,   j.li.it   ......   ■-.'■-    »-'*- „■>-
ron-Mflpntlnn 1*nfbnvfl plneei will mn-.o
up much of. mid In somo sections ov?v
hnlnneo. tho 10 por cont reduction to
ronl d(Ki*.PrH, Tho tlmboring carry-
Itiir elnuso Is a eoncesslaii.    Mnny of
it,,   i. i- .    ii  ...,_, bit'" *1n  '|'^v''■"^,-, !n
rates. ' ,,
Tho 8|)ilnghlll men put »P « nold'o
fight, a cbinn fight, nnd out of thn
IfiOO men which censo<l work 22
months ngo, only 31 dosorfod tho
rnnkH .and only It out of this 31 woro
conl mliifTs. Tho men woro Just vn
solid Mir* dnv they unanimously ngroed
to ro lo work as over thoy were, snd
quito rendy to fight on Indefinitely, If
clreumstfincos lind not dovolopod
which compollcd them to accept tho
best terms thoy could go-cur*.
Thev   nrr»  ooiinlly   detormlnod   to
> stum! ii ii 11 od In a solid union and In
H. ,F. Weber, of Blairmore at"**. Michel, was a visitor In" town Wed^-asday
and states that all possible process is
being mad© towards tho ostabli^-hnaent
of tlio'now browory and bottling VrkS
at tho first mentioned town.'
The concrete work Is fast approaching completion; nnd It Is oxpoct<5,-l that
tho entire structure will bo rc0**ty tar
occupancy about Jujy 10th. The *fy>thy
Bummer bovoragos -will be on ib* -market as soon thereafter as prnc^cuble.
1
Besides being au absolute necessity a" pretty para- yy.
sol is the correct'finishing"touch tola summer gos- .$--
tumel .*- "We are.- showing a ver^exfens.iYe_7asr__p^_-__.y7'
Price $4.75. ; ,     *  .
Children's Parasols, B5c., 50c, and $1.45.
1 Summer Neck Wear
ALBERTA' LAWLEY  FUHb
Previously reported  $-176.60
Interest (Homo„DanlO to May
31st.  ...;       7.1G
Bill from ID. H, Rrickson
Artificial Limb,Co. .$35.00
Cost of -Money Order    .IB
     3R.15
Dalanco on hnnd ........ *-t48.60
D. Corsan, J. W.- Bonnott, Ti-u^oos.
Tho parachutist. CoWoywb0 mndo
suoh a Hplondld ascont nnd doseont
lioro rocontly, moj with a naslV nod-
dont nt Mnclood this wook. TH wind
Bwervod his pnrnohuto iind H wns
dragged along tlio ground, Bt'tforlnR
frncturod ribs nnd othor injurl-0**.
i
!
!
\
I
i
In soft and laundered Dutch effects, with or without jabots;' Tailor Collars, Soft Stocks, Collar and1
o0nff Sots, Embroidered Jabots, Bows, Strings/and c
Scarfs, Ruchings.  - .''' '     '     _
I
Wash Belts
* i A splendid rango of ombrbidorcd Belts at d long
vurioty of prices;* also Patent and, Suodo Belts,'5
_lnRfin _oltu nnrl otlinr tinvoltv offfictn. c
NOTI8
Clilof ot Polico onslcnr vein fi*.vafnn->
do ndrosson of Andrew KU'Und eh
Syonsk for alt till lionom ocv0-M*oniiiQ
otio dollars ($80) som ban (.(Vr ar
linns. Han nrbolndo for Cro<A Noflt
Pass Ltimlinr Co,, at Wiirdnoi**
illnn nr ungefnr -IS'oiler,no-op Rum-
raa,\ och viuvllgmi nrliclnr S»'<4K<ovl I
foronlng mod lumbor IndUHtrl,
Here it is, Wailing for 0
FOR 8ALI5—Ilursnln tor qijlftk lull*.
cliftHoi—Ono Aero ol bind |P /Went
Fornio. Apply, HeOger Office,      40-4t
20 Acros of flno Lnnd nt **.0 per
aero, covored with tnmnrnc nod codnv,
Also ono half n'cro lot, $11.0. AIiplV,
.1. McLinifihlun, We-.it Fcvnle.    .(O-li,
MONEY TO I.OAX M. A. Wlucv
Fornio and district for tho O-oJoiiJaj
Investment Company, nnd Is pi.pnred
to advance money on buslnes*4 blocks
at a reasonable rate ot Inic^sf-
Elastic Belts nnd other novelty effects.
New Motor Veils
_i       ■       , *■
and Scarfs
Cornet Nowb
I-^rom July 17 to 21. You will lmvo tho ndvnn-
tago of free consultation on coi'Hflt comfort. On
theso days Miss Doughorty, Expert Oomotairo, will
bo in attondnnua in our Corset Dopnrtniont, demon-
strating the miporior qualities of thc colebnited
«'\y. B." Cornets. '
* .1	
i,iiiFiiii__i»ii»iiiiiii_iiiiiiiiii«'»»>wt—»»!I'»liii i ij,m i.i) i ill* .«..antreeesmseMsnagB—uiH!i.||jagiwjia
TRITES-WOOD CO.
Limited
!_
*i(o»"#«_iv<!»»v«»v«ff>va£iv'«a»v
r^v<ai>'**r*sa'V'i.4-4Vc»V
will boII Bopnrnto: unrelntod,
noil, Pornlo, Tl. C/
W. Pur-
For Sale
FOIl BAL*>-*-Two Knillth *h«l Terriers, two nnrt hnlf yefim old, \?*>\ Of
\VANTED—fli-noral Sorvnnt; must
bo good cook; boot wngos I reforonwa
required. Addrosa—;Mr>. -T- A. Tor-
hoy, llnynos Uko, B, C. 3t-n,r.
LOST
On Thursday between Hmlduby's
■Oriig Btorn nnrt Pollsl Avonuo Knst,
via V- O. and City Hall, o brooch, clr-
euli-ir In shnpo, outor rlw of Scotch
pebbles,,,bloodstone snd HRflto, centre
sllvor thistle, Amethyst forming flower,
finder plonso return same to Miss
Daniels, co. >VIIJc*. Hoarding Howse,
l»fll«t avo. *»>t.f.
■*<.
ment of the real novelties at remarkably moderate
.-- *■     -     .    • ,     '"     -   *,**-■'Ifr■ ,*.  * /•' _  --   -.-
prices.    ....      •    -*'.   .   .- ■*.-,  ••.,':--** . - • •'
:. White, .with insertion .at, edges'.aiid top,   linen
, finish; $1.50, $2.00, $2.50.:   / "'-*'■    ^ -   '-;. ,
.   White embroidered, p\ire linen, $3.25 and $4.50 .
'..r White aM naWaLbraid.d,$3.25. ,7-?' ^
, Pretty Dres'den offects,.-$1.75.' $2.7^*ftnd'$5.75.   '
Plain colors.and white hemstitched borders,$2.75 ^
Sun Umbrellas, ■ extra large, made .rom.unbreak-. 0
able silks;, colors/Navy, Brown and'Dark Myrtle,  £
I
!
>
(.1
•'A
22 Acres Fruitland
at Elkmouth
Partly clenrerl nncl venriy for
])lanting out. Good stream
ftf puro 'wator on proporty.
Easy terms. AfMross A.J.B,
District Ix*lgcr, Fcrnic, B_'c.,
i\)l' jllltUcuIllVH.
mm

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