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The District Ledger 1912-12-28

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 J^'V ^'XX
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Industrial Unity is Strength.
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The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
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„ ,N6.19,>Vol.VI.
$1.00 A YEAR.
''; -
Will Have Long Heavy Job
-Considering All the '
;,   Evidence
' INDIANAPOLIS, Dec.,26'.—The case
of the forty men alleged to have been
im'pllcatedin the dynamite conspiracy,
which has been pn tjrial here for three
months, went to the-jury tonight.
.. ' INDIANAPOLIS,-Ind., Dec.25.—The
- case of the forty labor union officials
am'use^ of'promoting the MeNamara
"dynamiting plots in the ironworkers
",- strike against ■' employers. of; non^m-
,. ion'lrbor will go to the jury within
,t_.Jftysix hours or possibly sooner. At
; the''close, of argument tomorrow nicjlit
■or  Fridday, morning^ .Federal  Judge
Albert B. Anderson* will -instruct .the
, Jury.   It is understood that the court's
outline of the law as to what testimony
' _l'j.: he applied to certain1 defendants
" 'will require about an hour.
The jurors then will "retire to delib-
s.erateasvto the men. who, led by Frank
' .IT.'Ryan, president bf the International
^Association of Bridge ,andn Structural*
'Ironworkers, were brought here three
■ monthiTago'frbin cities scattered from
_.- Boston to Los Aflgeles, to figure as defendants in what is said to be the most
important trial of its kind ever held in
, a-Federal cpiirt. 'The jury will be
". asked.to return a verdict for each do-'
.fendant.-,-,.'  .y'jy ., . ,    '"
" yl , 7Take,Some Time, ' .■>'
'■7-   The 7 fact that'"the. jury must vote
- oiiV each defendant after" considering
the" - testimony:' the. court, holSs^appitL
cable to ■ him,'is^ the'-.ba'sis for "a belief
,  that verdicts will not be returned in
' less than a day_ " There,are 26 counts
against'' each "defendant, 25, "of which
','Provides a .maximum impfisonment'of
.months,Imprisonment, and one w'hi'cli
provide a 'maximum -imprlsorimeiiti of'
, /two years.'. .The.governmenticbfitends
, tbaat'the ' penalties; for''"the^offencos
charged are within the" jurisdiction of
' ,'tho court, Mfly- years being^thePnut^l-"
., .v''jrium.'/   X' X7r'"'. • ' - ' ' •''''   "•''.'.
.;;' Christmas found forty-men listening
'to. tttacks.'on themselves by, District
j Atwiji'ey VHler/.   During these-some
' of theso defendants', children romped
' Jn' tho building and wreaths' of holljr
,'r"in tho'.windows and In.the deferidantB'
•■   conts'were tho only, outward.signs of
' , Christmas.y7-XS7-7     - '' .
y w '.8tory Oyer' Again    .      "■'
> Mr.'. Mlllor detailed to tho 'jury tho
'■ ." ■ •;• ■"       ''S'i'L-y  ■ '""■ ■   '' ■
story of- the Los Angeles Times explosion,and again referred to Senator
John W. Kern, who had argued before
the jury for the defense.
"Senator Kern has said that iu the
strike of the ironworkers union against
jopen shop contractors it would not
have been.'to' the advantage of these
men to-blow up'job's," said Mr. Miller.
Senator I^ern said the jobs were those
of tho steel'trusts and it. would not
hurt the steel trust with its millions
to damage their property. ThinR of a
United States Senator,, making a statement like' that in a court of'justice.
How much money does it take to induce a United States senator to make
statements like that?" *  ■'
Charges against Magistrate
Whimsfer Shelved
BRUSSELS, Dec. 22.-rA fiiin caught,
fire.at a cinematograph performance
•tonight at- Barraque, near Menin. The
flames'spread' with great rapidity,
causing a'dreadful panic: Twelve persons injured, " Many of the victims
were .Women and children,"who were
trampled to death or hurt in the stampede to escape from the, building.
Anonymous Writer Has It, in'for Fire
Chief    -
Christmas, 1912, ■will-long be remembered by _ the majority of ' the
children of Fernie. - As has been previously announced in these columns,
W,-R.'Wilson had decided, to.make
every child in Fernie between the* age'
of 1 and 12, whose father is employed,
;\vith'the C. NVP. Coal Co:, a Christmas
gift, and this was done on Tuesday
■afternoon last between the tiours of
2 and 5 o'clock' in the -Methodist
Church.,7 "Mr.'and Mrs. Wilson, the
company's and miners" officials, were
present, and all took a hand in the dis-';
tribution. The toys were .all (Valuable, and of the kind'that makes'the
hearts of the little ones'happy. Mr.
Wilson "1s~ to be' commended for his
thoughtfulness. >       '   ■.
A fatal accident occurred in the
mines at Corbin'onMonday night last,
when John Kralvitch was struck by a
fall of rock,'{hrough a- side wall "caving in, and he lost1 his life. „The deceased was well known in Fernie, having worked in the "Coal Creek mines
up ^till the end of June laj_t. He then
went bartending at the Imperial Hotel,
but returned,to the mines fn September. He worked in' Coal Creek until
sometime in October, when he went to
Corbln. He was about 35 years old,
bencved to be single, and leaves a father in the old country. '
He was well respected and popular
with his fellow workers. The,inquest
was held, in Corbln the following day,
Coroner Murray, of New Michel, pre:
siding. The verdict of the jury was
"Acciden_afDeatb."'.;The funeral took
place this -afternoon from" the Roman
Catholic Church.        >'"•;'     .'
ST. JOHNS, Newfoundland, Dec. 22.
—Twenty-two of the 27 members of the
crew of the Furness line Steamer FIo-^
rence, from. Halifax, N. S.,- for St.
Johns, lost their lives ,jn the wreck
of the vessel on the. ledges west of
St. Shotts during a northwest gale
last Friday. Five survivors, who reached land in a boat, brought the news to
Trepassey tonight. The steamer carried no passengers.
Western unionists are interested in
the result of the Toronto municipal
oiections tb take place on January 1.
Jon'es Simpson is a candidate for the
board of control,,with bright prospects,
of making way with election. Fred
Bancroft, vice-president of the Trades
and Labor Congress of Canada,' is a
candidate foivthe board of education,
a__d a' number of other unionist are in
the field.   May they all win.
"All the Money and Banks in Christen-
.om" Could Not Form Monopoly,
.. He. says
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.—J. Pier-
pont Morgan today told the money
trust investigation committee of the
house, that,"all the money in Christendom and all the banks in Christendom" could not form a monopoly that
would'control money. Mr Morgan disclaimed any knwledge that he wielded
a vast power in modern finance, and
declared emphatically that he sought
no such power.
For nearly five hours the chief witness called by the committee ,in its
probe of the intricacies of the modern finance stood a running fire of
,„"'. \ *X*i$C
• vv-I
questions  that covered  every phase
of financial operation.
Mr. Morgan gave at length his views
on competition, combination, co-operation and control in industry and finance, particularly the latter, ' He
declared that he "did not mind competition," but that he preferred "combination" ih his operations. He was
emphatic ih his declaration that "there
is no way one man can get a monopoly
of money."
Seamen Demand increase
The' regular meeting of ,the City
Council was held lasCnight, those pre-'
sent being Acting-Mayor Morrison.'and.
Aid. Broley, Graham arid Wallace. In
anticipation of an interesting discus-,
sion with regard to charges of incompetency made against him, by Herchmer, Wilson and Lane,-'quite a fair,
number of citizens were present, and
were much disappointed? by, the absence of the magistrate. . A letter.was
however read from him stating that he
is,in receipt .of a; communication from
the ' AttorneyrG'eneral informing -him
.that; an'. investigation will ...be-- held.
* * * 1 L' " '. f
 — ExiiviylXHyH. \j.
.27th December, 1912
ThT"Cbuncirappeare,d_!to.be in a quan-'
dai-y. as^itp whajt.tbfir jurisdiction in
the-matter island .Mr.. Herchmer.. in-°
formed them that it was'within their
right to recommend his'resignation, or
let the matter drop., So.for.'aB he--v.Es
concerned' it inade'rio' difference; to
him. /,On the motion of Aid,,'Broley,
seconded by.Ald.rGraham, the matter
was shelved. ■.•-•••
•An anonymous letter waB'read, signed "Taxpayer," laying certain'charges
of neglect and incompetency against
_'ire Chief McDougal. As no'name
was appended to these charges .-the""
matter'wos dropped -No further dusi-
,,ness of any Importance was transacted, as. one of the aldermen suddenly
left, which broke up the quorum. ' A
special-meeting of, tho Council will be
held noxt Monday night to'.flnlsh the
buBlneas.     -"' -     '''''■ \
. Iri accordance with the provisions as set forth in Article.G, Section 5, District Constitution,
we beg.to advise1 that tlie following candidates* haying receivert,;the higljest'number of votes are duly
elected" for-the"several offices': ;     '"'     •.   \" ■" 'S7rS7,.M'     -7--"
LONDON, Dec. 20.—If the shipowners decline to meet men in conference
in the question oi tne establishment of
a .wage board, which isthe only thing
that will satisfy the seamen, the latter will demand an advance in wages
adequate with the enormous prosperity
of the owners,- according to a circular
issued by Havelock Wilsonj secretary
of the National Seamen's' Union.'   .
Wilson believes that the time is ripe
for a, conference, and says if the shipowners do not comply with this request the men will strike.
Strike Rioters Not Treated
Rroperly—Unions Protest to Attorney
TORONTO, Dec.s26.—The
miners  of the  Porcupine . have
SYDNEY, N.S.W., Dec. 22—One hundred and twenty-two in the shade Is
the record put up by the first heat
wave experienced in, Australia this'
summer. This was recorded at~Euc-
lia, a station on the South Australian
bonier. At Penn, in Queensland, the
mercury stood at U_0,_w_hUe'.Jste.___.castla
dispatched a telegram to the attorney-
general protesting against the treat-',
ment accorded the men who were on
Friday night taken into custody as a
result of the rather exciting melee
between provincial police and'several"
of their own number.
That is the substance of a telegram
received at the labor temple from S.
Porcupine this morning by their local ■
representative.     It Is certain four of,
.the seven meii', after being placed under arrest, were put, into prison,,no
release on bail, being offered at the
time and they were kept in confinemnt
for upwards of 30 hours, during -which
they were allowed to see none of their
companions and were not properly fed.,
When they were,offered the alternative  of bail  they refused  it at  the
instance of the union officers and'the
protest to the'attorney general was
sent.    Four other men who were placed under arrest as a result of the bat-,
tie with' the police were released on
bail of $1000 each.   - > r'    _
The strikers claim that during the
last fortnight the mine owners have
been successful in bringing only 16
men into Porcupine from the outside
others having backed out before reaching the scene or succumbed to* the'
threats of the dissenterB when they_dicL
■v. .v; ?-?j«
, w \ -<--.-rri>-
^^or President:   C. 'STUBBS
>. •FofVice'-President: (STOX. JONES. "  ',.
,Fo_,'._Secretary-Treasurer:'  A. J..CARTER.
.' Foi;, i^te?'pational Board Member:   K REES.
■'H. <-,
*'»*,/ >*,
Bistririty.Board Members:
Sub-District "No.-. U   if. "W,
Sub-District "No. 2;
Sub-District No.. 3:
No election held.   '
^y*ti^?SS 7
(the cool city oLNew South Wales),-
has had hottest spell for 16 years,, accompanied by dust and windstorms.
Other parts pf New South1 Wales were
affected, but in Sydney the heat was
ess severe the,thermometer going only
.to 03;  -..^.deaths- are,;rep6?ted.Vy-'
CALGARY, Dec. 23,—With- his right
leg almost amputated at the hip and an
arm badly crushed at.the C, P. R,
coal chute Sunday, nt noon, Tony
Fosl, a Greok laborer employed by
tho C. P, R„ dlod at tho General Hospital half nn hour nftor admission.
The deceased,, who with a brother
lived at 124 Socond Avenue east, wnB
.working ot the chute and fell out of
the car Into the hopper, bolng cntshod
between the hopper nnd a bucket.
■ S-<V-
Nnmo of Candidate nnd Office
0, Stubbs
H. Elmer
Spoilt ballots
.   J. 0. Jones
Geo, Wilde
Spoilt ballots
■x •
(Bub-Diat. Ko, 1)
J, W, Gray
J. ITolluooli
J. Nowraan
Spoilt 1ml lol h
.Bub-DUt, Ko. 2)
D. H. Hyfllop
Jas, Burko
Spoilt .inline
(Bub-DUt. No. 4)
'N. TV Trmoliuk	
8YDNBV, AuBtrnlla, Doc. 20,—Sam
I,,anrfonl hnockod out 8am McVoy In
the thirteenth round Wro'today.
.tfrst-clash bet\yceni3the»provlncIaV-iro'-
lice and mine,.strlkers occurred' last
evening on'the arrival of.the train
which left Toronto, at S.10 Thursday-
night. For a quarter of an hour
there was a lively riot In which sticks
and slonea were'freely, usod. One
shot was fired by. a provincial officer,.
The train hnd somo 30 strikebreakers
Intended for the Hollinger'mine, and'
their arrival was, anticipated, by' a '
crowd of about 200 strikers who had'
gathered at tho station: ° Inspector
Hnldbreck had n dozen constabloa on
the spot. ■ Tho striker's attempted to
rush tho train as it pulled In and then
the fighting began. Tho police used
heir bllllos effectively ntid finally neat-
tcrod tho crowd. Sevornl pollcomon
and strlkors wero more or loss hurt,
CoiiHtftblo Dick Smith, of Southern
Porcupine being tho worst Injured.
Four arrests were mndo nt tho station
nud three In the town nt night.
A, J. Carter
T. W, Brown
Spoilt ballots
, t.;v. ""■*<■■    '">   "7. wvjkji
win ^H*\^:f$hfp.
D, Roos
■■*T. G. HarrioB
P. Whoatlojr
Ohas, Poaoook
Spoilt ballots
D. Paton
T. Prance
J, Unsworth
John Makin
J. l. Pcrtcr   W
Spo.1t hnllotn
Two  Hundred Thousand
Work—CommlHw.toPlx D«t«
of StWkB'	
N10W YORK, Dec' 2l.--noprosontn-
livi'H of 200,000 Ranncnt workera In
Vow Vorlc City mot behind cloned
doors todny with nntionnl officers of
tha union innlo i;u.mont workers, to
dotornilno whon n goncnil strlko
nliould bo rnllod In Now York, A
romtnlttro of flvo mnn wn* appointed
to fl* tho dnlo. Tho Htrlko wns nu«
tliorlseo.) Inst night hy n volo of 36,780
to 2,.i:t2, Tho niiRiirroHsfiil dnmnudB
min'o upon the oponiton. Includn a 20
por cent ln.TPn._e In pny. un eight hour
'iny with 11 Bunrnntcc of pay for over*
tltrif. tntnl nlmlltlnn of twnn'nt houso
work und child lnbor nnd clonn nnd
unnitnry worknhopB. Tho uioetlnR wn«
nttonded hy ninny out of (own mem-
r\or«. I| Ih linllrvod thnt (ho strike
will l»o called within four dny».
i    V,
. ■-.».|
XV   j
"y 1.
KIKI., l)eo. 23.—A Rront atrlke hroko
out HntuMny   at   Krupp'a flormnnln
!<l)(Tl!ltll|rMTlf  vnrdn        (li'M \'«ff   -   ».;•
Hon men lofi thoir employment, tying
up the work of <:onitrurtlon of threo
(lurmnti hnttloHhlpti.
A debate will take placo tinder tho
auaplcea of the Fabian floclety b«-
twoen Bernard Shaw and Hlltalre \Ui\-
loco, on Jan. _*». at th Qu^ti'ir HttV,
London, England, on*tho sutrjact of
"floclaliam." *
WR, llio undersigned Diatrict Tflleri fflrtiuy thnt the nhovc ih a corre : r*i-»ir<   of vo|i.»t «•
in Dlatrlet Election held Dwwnbct 10th, »«,''W^'J . ; '
v      •';•' \ X w. r.;.r.:iEK..T<
) , W. TT. H\W«'\r,
:    . J. E. SMlfl; .
LON'nny. ftem. 22.—Th<s hto W. T.
iH*end 1* working hard   to   pwwrvp
1 pnneo In tho NVar Baat. accordlnir to
!Ha dsughter.   Miia 8tead say* tbat
A florloPat pnpnr hnah^n atnrt<»''  ahn haa nwlvwl a m«««nge from her
In Jentaa'em. pr'n«oil In t\\o Inneu,i»« dead falhcr to thut effect.    8tMd. in
«f 1h^ Hebrew prophflt.    Mr. Zaniba- hla mwaage, Mid. "irntrnmmpllod bv
;M Mffor of fhn T'-iar-UuvIllI.. il«._.._Ii.h ohvxit-M oonditiona or n hndy I am able
unltv, |« touring th* ITnltrd fl«ntM «'*- tn movr. hcw». tl.rrn and <tv<.rywh_»fo."
livnrliiR Wturf«   Hfirlnllnm will mnkf  S»ni»d pnnrludrt by »nylnK, "XknYl ltn«
I'fllPatlnp truly n inly lnnd. ajtW that I hav« Icttt Runiw yal."
"i ftffi'fr-rarasMfifigKK
ori on American
Railway Accidents
Poor track and cheap equipment are
largely responsible
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.—"Safety
tirst" is the paramount rule of train
Operation suggested by tbe Interstate
Commerce commission in its twenty-
Sixth annual report submitted today
to Congress. Discussion of disasters'
On American railroads during the last
.'ear constitutes an important feature of the .report. •
It is pointed out that many of the
"Occidents resulting in fatalities might
have been averted by the exercise of
proper . precautions  or   the  employment  of   suitable  devices   and   good
equipment.     Figures given show that
of the total of 8215 derailments* dur-
' ing  the  year, 1877  were caused  by
defects  of   roadway  and   3847   were
due  to   defective equipment.      This
indicates  au  increase  over  the  previous year of 652 in the derailments
due to bad roadway ana 1023 due to
bad equipment.
1 The investigation, by the Commission itself of railroad accidents involving loss of life, the report says
"has proceeded far enough to indicate the need of more effective measures than thus far have been taken
to secure safety of railroad, travel.
' While the previous suggestions of
, the commission as to the adoption
byt the railroads of all-steel/'or stcel-
underframe cars are being adopted as
rapidly as' conditions will permit, and
the danger from the use of unsound
cars is gradually disappearing, the
serious dangers of defective roadway
and the use of unsound rails still remain, as a result of which derailments
are likely at any time to occur. Concerning its investigation, the commission'says:
"Of the 31 derailments Investigated,
14 were either directly or indirectly
caused by bad track. In 5 of these 14
cases the derailments would probably
have been, avoided had existing speed
restrictions been observed, but in all
the remaining cases no adequate
speed restrictions were in force, and
-in 3 cases the track conditions were
so obviously unsafe that derailments
were likely to occur even at. low
speed. In one serious derailment an
examination of the track in the vicinity of the accident disclosed 906 rotten ties within a distance of 147 rail
lengths. Under many of the rails
there were as many as-11 bad ties,
and under each of 2 rails there were
12 ties so badly decayed and broken'
as to be totally unfit for service. In
many of these ties the spikes were
so loose that they were easily ro
moved by, hand, the wood having no1
longer any holding power. The track
in the vicinity of this accident was
poorly ballasted and was unsafe for
the passage of trains at ordinary
speed. While derailment occurred
on straight track while the train was
running about 30 miles per hour."
The report says that "the most disquieting and perplexing feature'in the
problem of accident prevention Is the
large proportion of train accidents
caused by dereliction of duty by the
employees involved. The commission
believes that as a rule there are no
men. that have a keener appreciation
of their responsibilities than railroad
trainmen and englnemen," < and yet it
is pointed out that 63 per cent of the
whole number of accidents investigat-,
ed were caused" by mistakes on the
part, of employees,
"Thore is a disposition In somo
quarters," continues the report, "to
charge these , lamentable errors to
failure of discipline and to hold employees wholly responsible for such
failure. This is a superficial view
which contains no promise of effec-
ive* remedy.
<"A remarkable Increase in -the
speed and weight of trains within recent years, and the crowding of tracks
and terminals caused by the mov-
ment of an enormously enlarged volume of traffic, have greatly .increased
the duties and responsibilities of train
service employees and multiplied the
chances of error on1 their part. Notwithstanding these added duties and
responsibilities  which  have 'imposed
upon" employees, the methods of - dis
cipline- and regulations, calculated to
insure safety in train-operation have
remained practically unchanged.
"To prevent railroad collisions",adequate measures miisfbe taken, '.first,-
to reduce the chances of human error
to a minimum and. second, to-.neutralize the effects of such'error "when
it occurs.- The recommendations previously made,, by the commission for
legislation requiring the standardization of operating rules and the use of
the block system were designed to reduce the probability of mistakes by
CAPITAL, $i5,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce, are a safe, convenient and
inexpensive method of remitting- small sums of money. These Orders,
payable without charge at any bank in Canada (except in the Yukon
Territory)an d in the principal cities of the United States, are issued at
the following rates:
$5 and under , ',   3 cents
Over    5 and not exceeding $10    6
10      " " 30 10
30      " " 50 15
Bhould he made by means of our SPECIAL FOREIGN DRAFTS and MONEY
ORDERS.   Issued without delay at reasonable ptes,
Hliould havo a vbbo of
every Sunday—nml none hut tlio uholocHt nro worth whllo.
Wo mako n. iipoclalty of chnrmlng bouquotH for nny occuBion.     Our
expert doBlj.nor Iuih tho "knack" of giving that perfect nrrnngomont
to uny Floral lu-corutlon which Btninps It with mipromo bonuty.
BnoroR of hooIoIIoh, olubH, churches, otc, nond horo for their ordor.
If it amouutfl to tfi.OO or more
Wo'll Pay tho Express
to your station.
l.UHh orders executed In an hour'H tlmo.   Ixmve thorn to
224, 8th  AVENUE, West, CALOARY.
employees,' and these recommendations are once more presented for
consideration cf the Congress. Uniformity and consistency in operating
rules are necessary to secure safety
and it is not probable that a satisfactory code which will' meet the demands of modern operating conditions
can be secured without appropriate
action by the federal government." ',"
The commission points out that excessive speed has been an important
factor in many train accidents and
that "conditions of safe operation are
often ignored in the effort to bring
fast trains in on time. This is a bad
practice, for which the traveling pub-
lice is largely responsible, and it
should . be discontinued. .. Adequate
measures should be taken to compel
low speed wherever conditions require
it whether schedules are maintained
or not."     '
. The total number.of casualties, on
steam roads, during the year ended
June 30, was 180,123, of which 10,585
were persons killed and 169,538. iiv_.
jured. , These figures indicate an increase over the previous year of ■ 180
killed and 19,373, injured. Of the total
number of casualties, 400 railway employees were killed and 92,363 injured
through' "industrial accidents"—happenings incident to railroad-business,
but not due to the operation of trains.
An analysis of' the figures furnished by the steam roads shows that of
the number oiy persons killed, 318
were passenge/s, 3635 employees, and
G632 other persons, trespassing and
not trespassing, indicating an increase
•,of 33 in the total number of employees killed; a decrease, of 38 in the
total number of' passengers killed,
and an increase of 194 in the total
number of persons killed' other than
employees and passengers. In the last
class were many victims of grade
crossings. ■
Of- the persons injured, 16,366 were
passengers, 142,442 employees, and
10,710 persons other than' passengers
and employees,        '•
Elaborate details are given in the
mission during the year." Generally,
it shows a large increase. The number of formal complaints filed was 755
a decrease of 126, as compared' Wjth
the previous year; 778 cases were disposed of, an increase of 186. The
commission conducted 1154 hearinprs,
as compared with 943 the previous
year and took 125,000 pages of testl:
Thc investigation of rates and praci
tices of express companies, which, the
report says "is probably the most im-
portant single piece of work ever dono
by tho commission," wns practically
concluded (Turing the yoar. "As a.
result," says the commission, "it (...•
pcared that many of tho practices ot
express companies were utterly inexcusable, that their mothods worci
archaic nnd tholr rates discriminator^
and unreasonable, , Tho roport of thie
commission hns worked a revelation
nnd renovation, ln the mothods nnfl
rates of express companies," •
Similar Investigations, It Is Indlcn/t-
ed, are In progress of substitution oif
tonnage In transit,' allowances to to].-
mlnal roadB, weighing of freight, Ibb|i-
lng of passes, bills of iniiin'a, nrlvajfio
onrn, nitoB on anthracite coal nrt,,!1
othor Important transforation mint-
tors, I
Through evidence furnished by tlL
division of enquiry 1)3 Indlctinoiim
woro returned for offenses against, \f\i0
net to regulate commerce, ,34 against
cnrrlci-H, 54 against Bhlppoi'fl or ].u_t,a.
ongorH, nnd fi against shippers nr|,i
carrion, jointly, Slxty-oile ]iroHo«'u.
tloim wero concluded, tho total umou_L
of fines nsscHBcd being $.H _,<I20.     l<
Tho commlflHlon, In conclusion, r\..
nowH Kb rocommondntloiiH for coiy.
KroHidonnl legislation providing for fn
physical vnluntlon of rnllroiulH, a iiij|.
form clnHHlflcntlon, a moro explicit u\0.
.!nltlon of tho authority of tho c'3m.
mlnalon ovor tolcgrnph nml toloph.'on<
linon, nnd control ovor railway capitalization, The report ItitlltiutoH thf* foo.
llof of tho commission that addlt^ontl
leglHlaUon to Insuro snfoty of rali|W(y
trnvol may bo nocoBsary, but on Uiat
Hiihjoct tho communion Ih not prepared to mnko a definlto rocommond'/tlon,
^TllllM   ^   |
Statistics Prepared as Result of Lloyd
George's Insurance-Act
By Josiah. Keeley, Superintendent Consolidation. Coal Co., Shinnston;' W.
.,. Virginia.-      _ -.-;"-      . "'
.   .   Dentist, - ■ •
" COLEMAN, Alberta,
'Office In Cameron Block
All Work Guaranteed
NEW YORK, Dec. 22— The-'question
of 'Whether It is worth six shillings
or eight shillings and six pence for
medical men practicing in Great Britain ; tb give attention to a patient
for an entire year continues to be.a
topic of absorbing interest not only
to the doctors affected but to medical men' throughout' the world. The
British physicians' maintain that the
lower figure is inadequate. It is likely that the 120,000 practitioners In
the United-States, and Canada/heartily agree with them. - The matter is
being discussed in medical circles in
all civilized countries.. _, '
One of the interesting revelations
made in the course of this controversy has been the income derived by
physicians in some typical British
cities. An investigation proposed' by
Chancellor Lloyd George was made in
five selected towns with the approval
of the medical association, and they
brought the following results: ■•
■ Aggregate population of the five
towns, 404,184.
Number   of   physicians    in   these
towns, 244: -   *
, Number of visits last year paid by
these physicians plus visits of these
physicians at .their offices 539,516.
Total receipts of these physician's
for this work, $400,000.
Average'receip*s.per physician, $1,-
.860.67. ■      "      -    '
clans for operations, certificates, coro-
iipfs' fees, etc, $250,000.
Gross income   to   the   physicions,
i  Average income per physician' $3,-
,Thls average will strike some medl
cal men on this side as surprisingly
good. The British medical association pointed out (before the issue of
this report) that these -figures could
not be taken as a direct basis for the
national insurance act. The association maintains that greater demand
will be made on the profession than
•before the act was passed inasmuch as
the fees, being on a yearly basis, would
involve ho personal charges on the
patients tthus insured, and they were
called .more freely for medical services. The 'British government' asserts that the sum generally paid by
the friendly societies as a remuneration for medical service to their members is four shillings ($1) a> year,
while the government is offering six
shillings. ■
"The medical association replies,
however, that the present condition
of friendly societies "work is unsatisfactory and semi-charitable, and' moreover includes only selected lives. It
is the British custom. for physicians
to supply'medicines and the government wishes to include" this with the
six shillings. The medical association demands ,8 shillings and six pence
without compulsion to supply medicines, and with a list of extras for special work. Chancellor Lloyd George
takes the position' that the government is willing to consider any rea-
sonabe proposition but he holds that
thi_ demands of the association are excessive'. ' They would, he contends,
amount to guaranteeing each physi
cian an assured income of $5,000"per
annum and would cost the British na-
" t . bTT? 2 0700 070 0 0" a~year^ftre^h{irnva¥
The scarcity, of loaders' bias been
such a serious obstacle' to maximum
output that hot a few inventive minds
have .been active in devising, some
machine to, replace them. As yet nothing has been produced promising relief .and,it Is therefore necessary.to
ptudy the' best methods for. obtaining
the maximum efficiency urider present
conditions. •
. When we correlate this class of labor with the ordinary pick-and-shovel
man we are far from accurate in our
classification. The operator who,
thinks he, can gather up a party, of
average day laborers and make loaders out of them will find -i\ longer
apprenticeship necessary than might
be supposed.
The superintendent is frequently
asked by the management: ' "How,
many loaders could '-you place?" As
scarcity of loaders has been given
as reason for the, small, output, the
superintendent replies confidently:
"Fifty,'right now." ' But should this
number appear, on .the spot it would
probably be to the utter contusion of
this "cock-sure" individual. ' * Perhaps
there are even .more than ■ fifty places
to be worked, but how. many of them
actually'have cars In", water ..pumped
out, timbered, ditched, slate cleared
up, track in good condition, "cut and
Shot?,, --' . -   "     ,    y   :    -
The shooting of the coal might'of
course be postponed, pending the determination of the experience of the
loader, but a place is not actually
ready until these things are done and
an empty car plaeed beside tho loose
The new applicant is likely to be a
wandering laborer who has heard that
loading coal is a quick way of getting
rich at a minimum expenditure of energy. He may "stick," however, if
he finds that he can do a'little better
than on other kinds of work, . and
there is no doubt that he' can, if given
the proper chance.
"The new man's training for efficient
work is becoming urgent. There is a
trick in shoveling coal, and is-It not
the province of those in authority to
see-'that the new loader is properly
taught? \lt he-is strong .and willing,
but uses his shovel .only, righthanded,
..    JOHN  BARBER, D.D.S., L D8„.    ,
?    ;:•''.    ';.    ' DENTIST   .;        ~       -, '
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
\ r Hours: 8.30 to 1; 2 to 5.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary, etc.
.    Offices: Eckstein Building,' .
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe Alex. I. Flshor
"     Fernie, B. Ci' .    , '
L.    H.   PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, ete.
oiigiually  planned  iu
the  insurance
Labor Disputes are
Taken to Court
Grafton and Bennett
Are selling Agents for an
Further details will be given later
*.   *.,•.._..\»\„,w,,,
LONDON, Doc. 23.—Clerical circles
aro murh exerclaod tad_.y over tho do-
rlnrntlon of tho Dlahop of Lincoln tlmt
offlrlntlng clergymen aro likely to bo-
Wiiiu UiWilHi. iXwaI   iiu'i.v ft'UdUiihUini.g
tho sacrament unions wino lb well dl-
'iif*iil with wator,
Ht'fkind nt n tpm.irrr»n«,o meeting;,
tho hUhop confessed that ho had ofton
b"'r. nrflotlfftlly Intoxl.'fltod during
•It- •i -r.irti he as a priori, lu... luul to
'onH'irn^ the remainder of tho wln«
-u-i'iv-rtc' ct thc ea.:rimuut. On
uiiinv ore onions ho had b"«n distress-
oi hy the ivrnp-omt ot «iddln«s and
motrontnry wllps* of'snbrtotj1 whloh
follow."., Hnch an «!*p«.ri<»tif« waa
1 r*h viTint-ttmrr »»d unlwlmble, <Ie-
■f - "iN>p, ""•*'" ourM ta be
i-vHrfr ■ by mlxluf plfnty of w«t«
with tho win*.
By George H. Dorsey, Ph.D., LL.D.
SYDNEY.—Ilnvlng got a general
idea of tho beginnings ot Australian Industrial legislation, I turn to consider
.'ho general nature of tho machinery
for settling industrial disputes. Wo
snw that originally the problom wns
tackled In two ways—by arbitration
courts'and wnges 'boards. Wo Bhall
first consider tho general character
of tho arbitration court.
Tho first Australian' court whereby
ono pnrty could bo summoned and presumably made subject; ns In nn ordinary court, was tho South Australian
Act of 380-1. Though tho net proved
abortive In that state, Its gonoral principles hnvo boon followed   ln   othor
Tho net which creates tho arbitration court virtually ducrooH an IihIuh-
trlnl unionism. This Ib uocrubo nctB
of arbitration woro framed to ciicoup
ago tho system of colloctlvo bargaining nnd to facilitate application to
tho court, nnd to nssuro tho workor
siirli bonofltB nB might bo dorlvod
from organization
Two Kinds of, Unions
Thoro Ir a distinction betwoon in-
dustrlal nnd trndos unions. An Industrial union Is not a voluntary association, but ono rendered necessary
for tho ndmlnlBtratlon of tho law,
Ilonoo, Industrial unions may bo formed by omployors or omployoos, Thoy
must ho roRiBtorod and must fllo annual reports ns to their momboriihlp
and funds,
a "common rule" of .the trado and define tho limits of Its observation, thoir
objections to It, and exorcise all tho
powers of n court of law, Tho court
may prescribe a minimum wago; it
may direct tlmt preforonco to employment shall be given to members of
Arbitration acts provide that It, shall
bo a misdemeanor' to strike or lockout
before a reasonable time hns olapsed
for a reforonco to tho court of tho
matters ln dispute or pending proceeding In court In relation to an Individual dlaputo.
Arbitration courts aim to encourage
colloctlvo bargaining and to determine
Industrial disputes. Tho nets rest
upon unions and work through them.
Arbitration ls compulsory In two
senses, It compols tho parties to Industrial disputes to submit tholr differences to a honrlng In opon court.
It thorcforo makes It a mlsdomounor
to socle rndrosB by monns of a strlko.
It onforcos certain Industrial nilos nnd
nuikus this a condition of engaging
In an ^Industry.
Wooes Board Provided For
To onll a wngos bonrd Into existence
ll Is itncrssnry that tho resolution ho
carried, in both houses of tho logUln-
turo. 1 Generally tho minister admin-
Uterine thfc factories net moves tho
resolution. If iho minister Is satisfied that 11 cnio has boon mndo, either
by employers or employes, ho may
motto tho resolution, nnd If carrlod, tho
hon/rd Is constituted by nn ordor-ln-
coAincll. Tho ordor Indicates tho num-
iJnion rulos contain provisions totybor of mombors to alt on tho board
tho direction of business nnd for #$) Thft mlniatoi- than in«i.«« th* rtniu
lntlnnr tho■ mothnd of miWur nwi ** -/
tions or nKroomonst nuthnrl7.ftd'f'|',,i«
nitration nets. Theso Industrial \1 ft <■
whother of omployors or ©mployw", »r«
tho units or arbitration.acts, /which
rocognlio Individuals only for t/10 purpose of onrorrlnn pcnnltlM, TTh* tin-
dorlylng Idea Jn tho oraaniEfififf of Industry in two efficient, powerful and
rojponslble bodies was to /flvo now
stability to Indimtrlnl opor
Disputes Taken Bafo
Should tbo two partlos
tha dliputc U takun l
court consists of a jtid
to agree
court.   T1.I&
of the i«t»
i-uuitt coun of il.„ HtAttti or In the common wealth pf the hist/ court Hn the
slate tho judge Is aktlotm! by two
members chosen to rJpreaoaf tho employers nnd employe/ resp«<J.lroly.
rndiHtrlal court laay tit, and «»•
fovea pcualttc*. LkcjLcUs ol mui aad
restrain eontrsvonfjion of rtltetf. declare Any practice lor regulaUn to 1m
Tho animator then Invites tho dally
0rr>«« nnmlnntlrmo f*«- f1i« r.«iyit«tt»
numbor of roprosontatlves of employers nnd employee. Prom tho nominations tho minister aolects s. full bonrd.
lite rosult of tho labors of tho hoard
Is called a "determination" and oach
Uem of auch dfitf.rmin.iMnn must h_>
airrJod hy a majority of tho board.
p«««rmlnatlon mn.t bo signed by tho
jhnlrnan and forwarded to the mln-
fetor of lahor. Tho board fixes tbo
data on which tho determination shall
como Into effect, which must he with-
In SO days of tho slunature of tho
I0ll..«r omployors or employes may
appej.1 ngalnst tho board's determinations. The court consists of a supremo court Judge sitting alone.
Thou jt ta seen.that tbo general
features of Australian wagea board*
ttl.6u_._y cui.oa_H.i_tl lo bowdi. U cou-
dilation appointed In England under
the conciliation act of 1807.
"db&TmosrofThe worinvftiriTiiTarnisT
makes several motions, where-oiie
would suffice, is it not worth while
for someone to-show'him? Money
and brains are being employed to
show tho football player just how to
mako every'Pound of his weight arid
strength count, and I believe the now
loader will stand a little coaching;/ '
The old miners tell us thnt-in ■'the
former times two men had ■ to work
In one placo, but they were better
satisfied than the present miner who
occasionally has two places. In West
Virginia there are just about half
enough men to fill up our working
places. While such conditions exist,
why not glvo each loader two places?
It ls an advantago to the machine run-
ner, since lt keeps him further nhoad
and If he Iseuttlng for ono-placo loaders, two or three may "square up" -at
the same time, thero may bo delay In
getting the mnchlno moved, or ho may
hnvo to set bits or go to tho shop.
It Is also a distinct advantage to tho
driver since ho doos not have to shift
cars at tlio room mouth, but tokos nn
empty Into ono room, goos through a
crosscut and hauls tho load from tho
noxt placo.
Your ooal loader likes to start In
early In tho morning nnd load In a
sweat until ho lias what ho considers1
enough.«'Tho faster you can got cars
to him whon tho frenzy ls on, llio
greater will ho your day's output at
tho mine, for not many of thorn will
stay in to get their last qnr whon they
fould havo boon finished onrllor In
tho day. Any llttlo dolay that stops
tho swont will be-, sufficient excuse
for him to quit—In ordor to got a good
start for tho next dny,
. In soliciting londors, wo usually havo
It sot down In our "prospoctus" thiut
wo can glvo thorn "all tho cars they
cnn load." This Ideal Is novor qullo
ranched but, whon londorH nro scarce,
It glvoa nu opportunity to son just
whnt may bo dono townrd maximum
offlcioncy, oxprossod In tons por mnn.
Somo mines tnko on now loaders
evon whon tho places nro filled, and
thus always havo a mnn ready to tako
the plnco of ono who hns stayed out.
ThlB may bo ono way of getting tonnage, but you will note on tho tlpplo
shoots that tho number ot earn per
man Is low, and, since- fow of us
will ©Y«r bo confronted with an ovor
sunnlv of londors It ««nm« wnr« *»<»!_»«-
tlflo to koep boforo us thn rn.il nonl
of tons per man,
Wo got our full quota of complaints
from the loador without hunting for
them, but much valuable Information
<an be obtained bv msklni. svst«mM1«
Inquiry of tho light loaders, I will
not say that such Information Is always exact, nnd It Is certainly not
good prnctlco to tako It to thoso In
chargo of tho Inside work whon It ro-
flecta on their management, but tbo
fact that theso Inquiries aro bolng
made has a tendency to encourage
l_u_l..ul MUtamtmU from tho loaders
of tholr difficulties and nn effort on
tbe part ofalMo obviate noodles* dolay*.
t hopo It may not bo set down as
sermonising to add that theso Inquires
i__e only Uulittul lu ptopoitUm io ib*
common mum puftwsr In which tbey
are conducted.   .
COAL mining rights ot tho Dominion, in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, tlie Yukon Territory, the<-North
West .Territories and in a portion of
the Province of British Columbia,' may
be leased for a term of twenLy-one>
years at an annual rental of $1 an aore.
Not more tlian 2,500 acres wll be leased
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
'by the applicant ln person to the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district In
which the rlgrlits applied for'are situated. ■   ' *   '
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions' of sections, and In unsurvoyed
territory, the tract applied for shall bo
staked out by tlie applicant himself.
Each apllcation must be accompanied
by a tee of $5 which will be refunded If ■
tho rights applied tor are not available,'
but not otherwise.    A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of tho
mine at-the rato ot five cents per ton;
, The person .operating the mine shall ,
furnish the Agent with, sworn returns
accounting for tlie'full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay.the roy- •
alty thereon. If ' the coal mining
rights are not'.bolng operated, such
returns should bo furnished at least
once a year.
The lease will Include the coal mlslng.
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for tho working-- of the mine
'at the rate of $10,00 an acre. - ,
For    full    information'  'application,
should be made,to tho .Secretary of the-
Department of tlio Interior, Ottawa, or
Ton Lands."
■:W. W. Cory.
Deputy Mlnlstor of the Interim*.
KB—Unauthorised publication-of this'
advertisement will not be Daid for, '
Bar supplied wllh tho  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars
Fernie Hotel
Best Commercial House
in the Pass
Excellent Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
and Hairdrsssing Parlor
Billiards and Pool
Lunch Counter
P. V. WHBLAN, Manager.
Rates $2.00 and up
Hot and Cold Wattr
Etietrlo Llqhttd
8tti.ni Hutoif.
•Plioi.1 In tvt.y room.
••mplt Room* on Main
UuiintM &tr•»..
Meal Tickets, $7,00
Ipoclal Ratii by tho woak and
tho month ind to Thoatrleal par.
tl«a.  Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner _
T1.0 finest »! Wlnol, Liquor*
end Cfjart Mrvod by competent
and obliging win* olerka.
___■_■ ■.^-K,'f-^ '
_-> v-"
.. tr-
I   M
^General Strike
By Robert Hunter (Courtesy of the Na-
'      ~ -1   ' tionalist Socialist
-   The general strike, in1 its largest application and, most literal sense, may
he defined as the stoppage of all work,
in all branches'of-the economic life,
whether industrial. '" agricultural, ' or
■\ commercial. •   The , stoppage   ot   all
work"' may confine-.itself' to ■ a single
country or extend .to:all countries.
_■   The term is also applied in a more
restricted sense, as for instance to a
strike • of all  workmen  in  a  single
state or. province, of a country.   It is
also used takeover an international
strike in one industry1 or, in many industries.   We speak of ^general strike
of   the   miners, railroad   employes,
- bakers and.brewers. •
The present advocates, however, of
the general strike do not use the term
in this sense. There have been many
_ such strikes, a few entirely successful.
What is really meant by the present
day advocates of.the general strike is
that the most' important trades—
those that dominate the entire industrial system—shall cease work at the
same moment - -   __ -
■ "If,''' for Instance," says Jaures, the
French leader,' "the railroad employes,
the miners, dockers and longshoremen, the employes in the weaving and
1 spinning Industries, and the building
trade employes in' the - great cities,'
were to quit work simultaneously, we1
might say .that there was a general
strike. Because to bring about a
general strike it Is not necessary that
the whole number of'trades should be
in line; it.is not even necessary mat
in the trades that are on strike every
single ^workman should go out. It is
.sufficient if those trades where the
~ power of capital is most concentrated
and   the   power of .labor best'organ-
ized, and that are, therefore, the "keystone of the economic systemj decide
on .a suspension of work; arid it is
enough'if they p.re backed up by such
a large number of workmen.that the
work of those trades is'stopped."—
(Studies in" Socialist., Jaures, p. 107;
Putnam, N. y.? 1906.;    ' '
The aim of such a strike 'is, of
course, to paralyze the' industrial and
commercial life of the nation, and any
general strike to be successful must at
least include enough of the workers
to render production, transportation,
and exchange Impossible.
. These definitions make it obvious
that the general strike, in its largest
sense, is not a weapon to be used as
a remedy for sectional, craft, or Individual wrongs. The miners strike
for an eight-hour day," the railroad
employes strike for higher wages; the
bakers for more sanitary workshops;
tho machinists strike to defend' a
member of their craft. Such strikes
may, .and do, become ,general so far
as these trades are concerned, but
need not involve other trades.
So; too, the workmen of a town or
country may stop work for the purpose of forcing electoral or legislative . reforms. * Such strikes may be
.come a political mass strike, as the
Gem ans say, and have for its pur-
posa tc thow the,unanimous desire of
the workers for certain reforms.' It
is a rough' and ready form of the initiative arid referendum., The workers' demands are maae ln mass meeting. ' Their common determination Is
measured by the extent and success
of .the general strike demonstration.
Such strikes are always brief, declared for a- definite purpose; and when
the "solidarity of the workers has been
deiinitoly shown, the ■ strikers. return
to work. ...
: /Such strikes have -in _ recent years
become . increasingly.., common, especially where .the "suffrage is limited.
Some.', nave.', been successful. ^..But
while "they may" be ' termed^general
strikes; they"are not the general strike
that-is""contemplated ,by the revolutionists;1, who .are today pushing the
propaganda of this hew . method of
war.% '■_. 7. .     ' . 7-i~'     :   -
■ The'"genera) strike as now '.ad'vo-
caie'dldoes.-r.ot concern,; itself, with
small affairs. It rests on a. profoundly
revolutionary theory, and holds out
promises to "the working class' that;
embrace file idea of its emancipation!
It is _m'<_i.ceivahle (to this its advocates,. ajfiVe.v that any vast number of
workers should be willing. id resort
ro an action so perilousynd impoverishing1 'except for some reward that
would' adequately repay them all for
t'-e immense piivations they would
neod-to suffer,'        '   •
The French propagandists fully
realize Hit's fret They frankly say
"the seneral stride is the revolution."
The workers of France do-not fay.
Ihe word "revc.utlon" as do the workers of many ctl'er countries. Tag
term means something to them. And
the advocates of the general strike
say: "What more simple than to
kill1 the old society by the' inertia of
the working class, and, upon the scrap
heap of capitalism, shall rise the
Communist Society in which well being and .liberty shall be assured to
every human1 being."      - ,
Briand late Prime Minister ot
Prance and formerly one pf the great
'orators .of the general' strike,' declared: "I believe firmly that the general strike will be the revolution."
And he added that if it u should become a duty, he would take a'place
in the ranks ,of .the workers who'
would go to battle armed with pikes,
swords, revolvers, and rifles. He con-"
sldered the general strike as more, seductive and • efficacious than the old
methods of'the revolutionists?
"Already,".'writes Pierrot in Syndicalism and Revolution, "the revolutionary propaganda, in educating the
individual workers, renders strikes
more and more numerous and more
and more' violent.3' The strikers
struggle no"more only for increase of
salary, they attack at the same time
/he authority bf.the boss.. The demands of the workers become more
and more audacious. In the midst of
a moral crisis," as, for Instance, before
some, ferocious, repression, they can
create.a unanimous strike.
"If there'exists at the same time a
general economic crisis, the spontaneous demonstration may,' under • the
impulse of a fearless minority, change
itself into a revolutionary conflagra-
Purity in food, lower cost of living—
these are the demands of the day.
uJtUt%£?od is ^e?!th' ""I health is economy
ful foo(TC ° ' With0ut health"
~s Ti?e J108* healthful foods are the quicklv
raised flour foods - biscuit, cake, muffinf
crusts and other pastry, when perfectlymade
from wholesome ingredients.
i_JS?,i?UCE,Aibakin8f Powder makes these
foods in specially attractive, appetizing and
wholesome form, and for both economic SSd
hygienic reasons, such food should be more
largely substituted for meat in the daily diet!
But bear in mind that alum, or
unwholesome baking powder,
can never make pure, whole*
some food.
Christmas Excursions
to Europe commencing Nov. 7
to Eastern Canada, Dec. 1
Fernie-Montreai, return, 72,15
Fernie-Toronto, return, 67.15
Corresponding: Low Rates to points In
Quebec, Ontario, and Maritime Provinces
mf.u *i^uin._____*. i
J. S. Thompson, Agt.
P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR ;..♦ Proprietor
same , time, not by reason of orders
from above, but as a result of the
common impulse- and the contagion
of example." ' .
Girault, the French anarchist, in
his pamphlet,-,"The General Strike,"
sees that it must terminate in violence and declares that in order that
the general strike should succeed, it
would be necessary that the miners
should set fire to the mines; that tho
workers of the railroad, or, for want
of thera, , other energetic strikers
should blow up, hy means of a few
sticks _of. dynamite, the. rails, the
tunnels, the bridges, tho viaducts; that
tho mechanics or, the stokers should
throw sonp In tho wator which serves
to feed tho machlnos; that tho strikers should take the provisions whero
thoy are nccumulatod;' that thoy
should .prevent the officors from ro-
pairing to troops hy' arroetlng and
disarming thorn on first getting up;
that-all tho powder magazines should
blow up, that the arsenals should he
robbed, and that 'tlio proletarians
should aeizq tho cannon, guns, hiiyo-
nots and cartridges.
Grlffuolhes, tho former socrotary
o" tho French Federation of Labor,
Buys: "Tho cessation of work, which
would placo tho country ln tho rigor
of donth, would nocosBarly] bo of
short duration; Its torrlblo and In-
cnloulnblo conuoquoncoi. would forco
tho govornmont to capitulate at onoo.
if it refu8od, tlio proletariat, In rovolt
from ono end of Frano to tho othor,
would ho nblo to compol It, for tho
military forces, ucattcrcd nnd Isolatod
ovor tho whole territory, would ho
unnblo to act In concert nnd could
not opposo tho flllghtoflt reslHtanco lo
tho will of tho workors nt last mns.
torn of tho situation." (L'Actlon 8yiv
dlcnllBtn, p, 33).
It Ib vory clear (lint thoHo doflnl-
tlonu of tho Ronornl Btrlko conBldor It
to ho tho final nnd sjipromo stand of
labor ngnlnBt Its exploiters, It Ib certainly not coneldorod or ndvocntni] "ns
n tool to romody ovory llttlo Immodl-
nto Krlovanoo or tho working class. Ab
It would ho folly to oronto cannon In
ordor, to kill gnati, ho would It ho
folly to organteo a uonornl Btrlko lo
romody uomo Individual or mdvor
Brlovnnco. Not only beenimo it mlKl.
fall if bo mod. but nlao hocaiiBo It
would ho n nrnr«nrt.!rr» fn* *--~
to tho working c1i\hr.
" nro thwafor* pnrfnctlv
right In comldorlnK this wonpon as
perhaps (ho most formldnhlo pohhobbw!
hy tho working elnns, It Ir tho rovoliitlon, nnd tho dnwH t..nt rtntM-mtn*...
to have lh.it mnttor out onco and for
nil mimt bo fully prepared to tarry It
through to tho very ond. It hi tlio
final showdown botweon ,tho power of
tho onpltnllMtM nnd tho powor of th*
workers. It ennnot bo, ns tho French
admit, r.n.roly » jtonwful abstention
from work. It must h»< n resort lo
t'i»Hi» by n nearly unanlmoUH working
Of late years, due to the ever increasing use of.-electricityK and the
constant extension of mine workings,
three-phase, alternating current-..has
been steadily advancing in its'underground application.- However admirably this form of energy may.beadapt-
ed to such work as operating fans,
pumps, and the like, it is in its appli-"
cation to, small "motors, such as are
used ,in mining machines, 'that its
greatest weakness becomes apparent.
A few words, therefore,' may well
be said concerning some of the .practical difficulties .which occur in this
type of machine'as employed in British
colleries, and how these difficulties
may be avoided.
Always pull the Switch
One of the principal causes of breakdowns on such three-phase cutters,
and one which is entirely preventable,
providing the attendants are sufficiently expert,and careful, is the failure, on the part of the driver, to remove the short-circuiting switch upon
stopping his motor. The consequence
is that when energy is again applied
to the machine, full current', at full
voltage passes through the windings
of the rotor with the result that in
addition to imposing a heavy mechanical ulrain up.-^n the various conductors
due to the.rush of current, there is
frequently a serious burnout.
In order to obviate this difficulty
numerous forms of automatic devices
have been tried, but, in many cases
at least, .these have introduced such
complication.of parts as to render
their usefulness somewhat questionable. Although the use of short-circuiting devices for ttie slip rings has
its advantages in decreasing the resistance of the ro_o"r circuit, and elim-
inating a large amount of wear on the
brushes, under general conditions ih
colliery practice it is "often foinid better to avoid the use of short circuiting
appliances, allowing the brushes to remain always touching-the rings.
There is, of course, a good deal of
trouble experienced with slip rings on
such three-phase motors, but it may be
urged that a great portion of this annoyance could be avoided by the exercise, of a little .attention to detail/
Wlien the brushes are always in use,
and in contact with the rings, one of
the most fruitful causes of this type
of trouble is the kind of brush'that is
It is a.difficult thing to find a brush
which will not only convey the necessary_, cu^nt jvUh_^umcient_^aseJpl
alone are also very successful; and in
this respect no objection can be found
to their.application. ",
All Troubles are Not Electrical.
The troubles encountered in-electrical coal cutters are not always of a
strictly electrical nature, much being
merely the reflection ■ of mechanical
difficulties occuring in the machine itself. For example, in some types of
machines the drive is transmitted by
means' of bevel gearing, and it is not
uncommon to find, upon close examination, that this gearing is too'-deeply meshed. v
The result is that there is a con-
slant loss of power which manifests
itself in overheating of the motor,
and, in some instances, fusing on the
circuit. Not infrequently, also, this
undue.mosh'fug of the gearing produces a breakage of' the pinion. This
fault is perfectly well realized by the
makers of coal cutters, and in some
types it.Is found that the mechanism
is provided with adjustable collars io
compensate the wear.
Unfortunately,, it is impossible to
render any coal cutting appliance immune from neglect on the part of the
attendant to take up wearing collars.
It frequently happens, consequently";'
that trouble, which is of a purely mechanical origin, may place the use of
electricity in a disadvantageous light.
Strict supervision should, therefore,
be given to the mechanical details of
the electrical coal cutter, in-order to
make sure that the eletric portion of
the device., is not being debited with
failures-which, of .right, are not "its
due, but arise from bad design, or,
more frequently still, from the inattention of tlie operator.
The above cases, must only be considered as types. Other trivial defects, if allowed to go uncorrected, are
liable to produce results giving an un
favorable impression of the suitability
of electric power for coal cutting purposes.-—Coal Age.
cal resistance, but'also capable of giving the necessary amount' of lubrication to the rings. It may frequently
be found advantageous to employ two
brushes on each ring, one" consisting
of-copper gauze and the other being
a morganite brush used in a box holder,, so arranged as to prevent the latter from ever coming In confact with
the ring. '  - ■ '
This method has been tried in practice, and has been found to be successful in correcting slip-ring difficul-.
ties, Inasmuch as the gauze brush con-
veys tho bulk of the current, while the
morganite brush supplies the necessary lubrication.    Morganite brushes
' It is" always'of interest to compare
the values of the products of each of
tho leading industries of a country.
Everyone will tell you that Canada is
immensely rich, but when you demand
particulars, they are not so readily
forthcoming . as are general statements. Canada has not, as yet, made
such statistical progress as to permit
a close comparison of this kind to be
made for a particular year. ^The following figures', however, are approximations of the value ^produced'annually by our greatest natural resources,
and by manufacturing:
Field crops and dairy pro- ;
—duce~*rT". 7
"Sunkist" Oraii^S
by the Box or ifetf-K«r
Enjoy the rich, delicious meat and sweet", tangy juice of-■'
ruddy, thin-skinned, seedless "Sunkist" oranges.  « .
Have this golden fruit for breakf'ast,.dessert iand' \
between meals »   Cleanest of all fruits-never,tbuchedr
by bare.hands.   All the pickers     "-.V   <  "••'*
and packers of (fSunki.st"
oranges and lemons wear,
clean, white cotton gloves.
'Sunkist" oranges, are the fin-
est, juiciest oranges in the' world.
Tree-ripened, fiberless. Not ^ seed
in  Sunkist" Buy them by the box    ,
or half-box.   That is cheaper than buy^
ing: by the dozen.   They keep for weeks.
Ask for ''Sunkist" lemons —so  full of juice
that they go farther than other lemons, Try "Sun-
kist   lemonade—hot or cold.   Lemons add flavor
to fash, meats and salads.
Rogers Silver With "Sunkist" Wrappers
.. Cut the trademarks from "Sunkist" orange and
lemonwrappers and send thera tous. Weoffer27dif-
ferent premiums, all Rogers A-l Standard Guaran-
teed Silverware.  Exclusive "Sunkist" design.
For this orange spoon send 12 "Sunkist" Oranw or
Lemon Wrappers and 12 cents. "RedI Ball" wangf ___rf
lemon wrappers count same as "Sunkist " &
Note rS'teniiani01,mJs,0f 20 cents or over by Postal
note, .post Office or Express Money Order.
Buy "Sunkist" Oranges and Lemona
at Your Dealer's
Send your name and full address for
free premium-sheet and Premium-Club
j      Addressiall orders for premiums
and all inquiries to (]s3)
California Fruit Growers Exchange
105 King St. i East, Cor. Clorch        Toronto, Ont
 7 $604,800,000
Forest Products      161,093,000
Mln€rals    6   102,300,000
Fisheries  ...'."      29,965,000
Valuer added to raw products by manufacturing 563,630,000
»v,^ni?i. •."""?,Cntarrh ln th'» action of the countre
than all other diseases put together, and until the last
Jew years was supposed to bo Incurabl*; Kor a creat
USSWi™, do.tora Pronounced It a local disease and
prescribed local remedies, and by coustantly faliini
to euro with local treatment, pronounced It Incurable.
Sclonco has proven Catarrh to be a constitutional SS
???n'._,nrA.<1.theJ.er-!?ro rc1",ros constitutional treatment.
Hall's auarrh Cure,-mnm.rncti.r.d by F. J. phones
«i_r°m»rtMll0,i?1ii(,Vl. tll0,°?l>' constitution*, cu o in
h™7.« . U " V10" Menially '" flows from It
drops to n tcnspoonful.   It acts directly on tho blood
h?i'L?!lC0J"!."u"?c<'8 ot H,° "Wm. They oftor on.
hundrod dollars for any caso It falls to cure, Bend
.or clronlars and tootlmnnlnls.
a^lT'"1/' Ji pHENEY * CO., Toledo, Ohio,
fluid liv r)rni7 Rts, ;.c,
Talto Hull's Family i-ws forco-stlp.tlon.
Labor to Have
-        ~——__
SMIoftb Giav
22!S.!_M_u5V* *«*•*•. cu*" cotf.fi.
VANCOUVER, n. 0., Oocomhor 21.
—Ah tho ou.co.no of nn almost In-
satlablo flow of rhotorlc, tho Trades
nnd Lnbor Council hint night nrrlvod
nt tho conclusion that It would ho Jn
tho bout intcroBtB of organized labor
to hnvo roprpRontntlvoB wnlt on tlio
Kovornmont commission rocontly appointor, to InvoBtlRnto labor condltloim
In tlio provlneo. (Tho rocommonrlatlon
tlmt two tlolORatoB ho sont to watch
tho procoodliiKs on bohnlf of orfcanizort
lahor wnB..6lrfmiioiiBly opposofl hy
Dologato Pottlploco, who movod thitt
tho mnttor ho flM'anrl no notion ho
"In thn mnttor or common doconcy
wn,could not nlly oui-boIvch with this
rommlHslon,", said nolwitn PoUlpleoi.,
who ai'Riiod thnt tlio memhors of tho
rommlsfllon hntl hoon glvon tho pofll-
tlon hy tlio provincial .tovornmont ns
a "sort of consolation prluo for hat-
boon poMJelrtnt.,"
"Tho Boonor wo toll Promlor Mc
Tlrldo thnt wo hnvo no coiifldonto In
him tho bettor for all concerned." con-
tinner] tho spnnlcor with Bomo hont.
. -nut vii iu t»i».v unit mo govern-
nt lmd jij'wj;!.'/. .3 .'};,'.: ._ f^... luiii<
mlsBlon would ho appointed and that
nt leant two momlwi reprowntlnj? or-
pnnlml lnbor would ho appointed on
thntnommlBBlnn. Thn pnrRonnp] of the
  »'-' -l>»«»   !vu,uuii.-i,-.|t)ll     )ilt_l(M
conchiBlvcly thnt tho promlor lmd bro-
lwn fnllh with tho labor mmi.
Csnnot Hypnotlio Government
DolcRrtto Trnlnor, for once, wim on-
tlrcly In nrcord   with    tlm    ronm*-
*npnlf.>r nnd nrrw/"^^ .hut ..""■"/! i'
at Seattle next November, to pay'a fly-
ing visit to Vancouver. The-spoakor
thought that arrangements could he
made for the chartering of a steamer
for the purpose of conveying over 600
delegates and their wives fiom tho
Puget Sound port. Tho suggestion received the unanimous support of the
council and the motion was carried.
B.C. Federation of Labor
Under the heading of new business
the secretary read a convention call
from the B.° C. Federation of Labor
asking that two delegates be sent to
Victoria'in January. Secretary Wilkinson moved that two delegates be
sent and that only their bare expenses
was eventually carried. The motion
mot with a storm of opposition.
After several members had presented their particular reasons for opposing the resolution. Delegate McVety put an amendment that a claus*
be inserted tha't all expenses and wages be paid. Delegates Midgcley, Wilkinson and Pettipiece spoke at length
on the absolute necessity of sending
delegates to the British Columbia con-
ventlon, and tho latter delegate made
an eloquont and powerful appeal to the
council that representatives he sent
and at tho samo timo denounced In
no uncertain terms those who wero so
narrow-minded as to oppose representation on tho 'provincial convention on
the grounds brought forward. Dole-
gateB Wilkinson and Mldgeley woro
appplntod to represent, tho council on
tho convention.
Candidates May Answer" °
On the recommendation of the parliamentary committee the council decided that the following list of questions be submitted to the candidates
seeking office at the forthcoming civic^
elections.' ,»
1. Are you in favor of "union labor
for all civic work?
2. Are you in favor of the abolition,
of the contract systemT
3. Are you in favor of a 44 hour
week on all civic work? ' '->
4. Are°you in favor oPaii extension
of the municipal franchise to include"
all lodgers who pay an annual rent of
£G-)_nr-_nvnr7 ,.'.-'•
5. Are you in favor of legislation to
provide for an amendment of a scaffolding inspector?
6. Are you in favor of a weekly, pay
day for all city employees?l
.The'secretary of the Half Million
League communicated with the council ■
asking thnt two labor representatives
be elected to act In conjunction with a
committee of 60 representing the
former organization.    ■
Delegate Benson thought that It
would be a foolish nnd short-sighted
policy if delegates were not sent to act
on this committee, on tho grounds thnt .
they would be In a position to watch
anything that was detrimental to or- -
ganlzod labor. Dologate Pettipiece
and BurgesB did not think thnt the
council would bo justified In'affiliating
with tho publicity league and upon tho
vote being put it wns decided to file
tho communication.
"Oo out and organlzo and you will
accomplish moro than by running nft-
or a bunch of politicians," was tho advice- ho handed out.
Thnt It would bo short-sighted policy
on tho part of tho council to rofrnln
from Bonding representation to Vic
torla wn» tho emphatic contention of
Dolegnto IIciihoii, who Introduced an
amendment thnt tho council concur
with tho recommendation and sond
two dologatoH to nttonrl tho commls-
Dnlogoto McVoty Bpoko strongly ng-
nlnst tho amonrlmont nnd urged tlmt
tl o govornmont hn notified as dollcnto-
1> iib posHlblo thnt thoy hnd no uno for
tho commlBBlon. Whllo ngroolng Im
pint with tho mover of the flrBt mo-
hit on, DuloffAto Wilkinson wns not
nnMH.In.1 thnt tho council would ho
tnlilng tho right, action to completely
Ignore tho commission. If nothing olso
wn* donn tlioy would hnvo nt leant
mi official record of wlmt wnH accomplished. If any contempt was duo, It
wns duo to the peoplo who hnd placed
tho«i. men In office nnd tlm Tirn_.ru.*1
stnto of affairs wns entirely duo tn
iho iix.plLiuhi nnd apparent Ignornnen
of thn working clnsn.
"Tho puhit Is," hi.Id l.ol.'Kuto Will.-
liiHnn, "how hnvo wo ronched the flend-
loik Hint confronth un todrtv. w,
hiivn hern pnrtly responsible for the
nppoliiimenl o'f this lnbor roromhmlon
nnd thin council should genii delegate
to ropioHent the labor organizations."
Hy a vote of 24 to 11. the amendment
wnn curried nnd Delegates* Wilkinson
nn-. M< Wty were, t!...;«,1 ._* _!i',. K„i,.h
Pianoforte Tuition
Pupils prepared for Academic Examination
at reasonable terms
Miss M. H. Williams, t. A. B.
<C!nn. of W. I». Wllllnjiw .    '
the Best of
Fine Neckwear, Sox, Clips, Underwear, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, Honls '& Shoes, come to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
livciything sold with a guarantee that, if not satisfactory, you can return it ai.d get your money hack
••endlnKrteloMtoitomntroBiuriteHeonHjto wnlt on tho Industrial commission
thtf mniify h/» rfovnletf t0 OUU! !.'..'!ju
"Tt Is" no nm sending over s. dele-
tuition to Victoria nnd mttcmininc to
hvpnotlJA the nolHlclsnn hy Harlrii?
Wem flint tf <*ii_i»ftinncf.," s.r. n>e
clvln omplov***' fM^,^ nn,| ti,, _.Myf..
Aa_i jrreele.l with iiprosrloui. InufcliTcr.
■il  Vii tlllM. i
Labor Deleoatet Invftod I
M nn advanced hour T>elm?n.. ("n:.!.
piece Introduced n reHolntlofi tlmt the !
Trm.e* {'niif.r0 notify tlio secretary to ;
tit In foiirh with th*. Anif-rlfun Fed-j
"Mf'-H' of r^hor. tiultUu ihv u».-n,l...i_.,
composing the convention ta ho held j
Wo carry a full line of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103       :-.        Frank, Alta.
A ^r.*tr
##a^   PAGE FOUR
: ^"'V .,..—•f .\ ■
>-.,.     ■>.- •-
?-■*. ?V >f /*JV"**-. "■s*^-*"-'''
7 - ■ •'   '>
*•    ' •.'       7   ,
«4-S"j v-'r. '
m' ■
Published every Saturday morning ait ita office,
pellat-Avenue, Fernie, B. C.   Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
Medium. Largest circulation in the District Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
Address all communications to The District Ledger,
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
: H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No. 380
;seorite«+ io Tr.j»n.fepted in"a desire,to get control
of the machinery of production/for the benefit of
those who use it. . Is there then a healthy discontent "of the workerslin-this.country to. obtain the
full enjoyment of the products of their toil. If so
what are they doing to carry their wish into'effect?
It would seem that this, is a matter that wiirbe
carried,"over into the new year, and maybe the
methods for its realization will be amongst those
annual new year resolutions that will be made by*
all the units comprising the labor movement of
Canada. ":
To be content with the progress made in the past
year may be well as a mental'attitude, but during
the year 1913 an effort must be made that this
should not be allowed to develop into apathy, -which
is the curse of the labor movement. -It is ambition that the workers need, not in the interests of
their masters, but in their own interests, which are
the interests of society, of which they constitute
the majority. To understand clearly their own
interests and to be guided by. that knowledge
should be'the aim of all identified with the labor
movement, and the realization of this ambition in
1913 would be indeed the triumph of the new year.
Can you do it?
ONCE more those of us who figure ourselves
as the more thoughtful, of the communities in
1 which, we happen to sojourn, take this particular
time,<of the year as, a sort of season for mental retrospect of the advance made by humanity during
the year that is fast expiring. "Without taking
too detailed a view.of the events of the past year
we are not very far wrong if we figure that the
workers are at least showing signs of throwing 'off
that apathy which is the greatest reason for that
enslavement under the wages system of which they
complain so vehemently. The talk of industrial
' unionism, general strike and other dangerous expedients' for the overthrow of capitalism may cause
amusement to those who fail, to grasp the philosophy of the proletariat. Ilowjever, it, must be
, borne in mind tbat these subjects are not discussed
by those interested in a light manner, and whilst it
is 'considered the right thing by many to laugh
them to scorn it should be borne in mind that during the past year these proposed methods hav& received quite a prominent position in the labor discussions of workers in all parts of the world. It
must not be inferred that we are now upholding
these ideas, but wish to point out this symptom of
the unrest now pervading society and which
has been thrust forward this year to such an ex-
tent that even our critical capitalistic opponents
are taking cognizance of it. There is a causefor
everything, and'it should be remembered that in
the development of things cause and effect .are" so,
should endeavor to clearly grasp the position in
which we find ourselves. Discontent cannot be
hid, and in every country is observable the growing
spirit of revolt against the conditions that confront men in a world overflowing with the wealth'
that they have produced but fail to enjoy. Tbe
Socialist vote has increased in every political, election in Europe and America, and in the United
States in face of the most radical capitalist party
that has ever taken the field in that country. The
movement is even spreading; in the Orient, Japan
and China have now their quota of Socialists as
tho result of the spread of capitalist development.
War is continually being boosted by the capitalist press and by those who are foolish enough to
lie gulled by them. It is one oi: thc outstanding
features of the year thnt thc working class, especially in Europe, have taken the most emphatic stand
agninst militarism, and1 the wnr spirit which the
masters aro anxious to keep alive, That thoy
have not been entirely successful in preventing wnr
Jn'Europc must bo admitted, but it is with no easiness that the employing elans look upon thc possibility of revolt amongst the human fighting machines they figure on using nt somo later date.
Can it be .mid that thc workers in this country
aro showing signs of rivalling thoir fellow-workers
in Europe in tho matter of orgnnizntion nnd education for the betterment of conditions; or nro they
satisfied with what tlioy have? Our advisors who
desire to encourage tho ambition of individuals nro
<fS-.tin.i,illy pointing out tho sin of being contented.
Thoy figucr thnt a contented man is moro or less
uhcIokh in tho profit mnking machinery of production. ■Howovor, when those discontented ones becomo a oolloctivo body, the viows of our advisors
chnngo on this mnttor, moro especially when this
PRESIDENT TAFT has issued an ultimatum to
Mexico that unless redress is granted within
a month U. S. troops will invade Mexico.'
, The stage settings are ready. A few Americans
have been killed, and under the hypocritical buncombe characteristic of capitalism'sihenchmen "the
honor of a great nation must be vindicated!" Incidentally, American ^financial interests are jeopardized by the prolongation of thp revolution.
Madero is entirely powerless to cope with the situa-
tio and none realize this better than the authorities
at "Washington, D.C. '_'        "
The farce-tragedy will be carried'out. The mask
of humbug is at last worn to a film-like, consistency. What little information has beep permitted
to appear in the U. S. press for the past several
months attempted to convey the impression that
the outbreak was nearly at end and confined only
to certain localities, whereas instead of any dim-
inition, practically every state in Mexico is a seething mass of revolt. The slogan of "Land of Liberty" plainly indicates its agrarian base. For
ages' the peones have been chattel slaves to the
great haceudados (landowners), suffering greater
indignities than those so graphically depicted by
Harriet Beecher Stowe in "Uncle Tom's Cabin,"
and now Ave are to be treated to the spectacle of
troops from "the land of the free and the home of
the brave" being employed to whip thiese unfor-
luTm teTTintTTsu 1)3 («ti^
temerity to damage the sacred (!)• property of the
hundred per cent dividend receivers of the-U.$.
Tlie history of the U. S. in the Philippines furnishes
food for thought that this so-called "repttblic"
will.not hesitate to duplicate its atrocities in Mexico, yet there is this to be said, that descendants of
the Aztecs, Poltecs and Totomaes will,not submit
with like complacence as did-the Tagalsand Mac-
cababes, neither will they accept any of the oily
promises with the same alacrity as did the misguided mountaineers of the Philippines, who gave up
their arms in trustful faith, only to be treated like
the communards were by Gallifet, or the unsuspecting Muscovites wero on'Bloody Sunday—mowed
dow,n like grain before a hailstorm by the murderous firo of tho soldiery.
These Mexican workmen, both in mine and
farm, are despised by the ignorant-American, but
among them will bo found those who know by bitter experience thnt the ethics of capitalism arc the
samo everywhere, Instances are numerous—
"The History of the CJomnume," in France; Bloody
Sunday, in Russia; "Shark Feeding," in tho Brazilian harbors, not to mention other events nearer
homo, of the Lawronco (Mass.) striko, the'Southern
Timber Workers, etc.
The Monroe Doctrine is only a wolf masquerading in sheep's clothing, so plainly shown by tho
creating of tho Republic of Panama nnd the inci-
dents in Nicarngun. Those lessons will not bo
lost upon tho Mexicans, Tlioy may bo sacrificed
upon the altar of commercialism, but tho cost to
tho United Status will indoor! bo a heavy one, because the _nuc._-nl_.ii.cd peon hns at last reached
tho,conclusion that ho'rl bottor die fighting than
prolong tho living death to which ho hns beon a
victim for so tunny dccmlcR.
TuoBdny next Ib Ho«mniiny Night*
ond thore will ho a regular Scotch
N'lcht of It nt tho Victoria Hall.
DonroniiRB Suthnrlnnd gave n tront
to about twenty chlldron on Chrlstmns
morning hy giving then a Hlolgli drive
nod toy*.
Tho Mlntletoo Hnll, undor tho mm-
pices of tho I.nrHon' llonovolcnt Ro-
cloty, takes plnco ln Victoria Hall ou
Now Year Night.
Tne KriKor and *.«._ ot iho District
i*.u't.tr ««_«-i .o ..un.. i'i.t. fo>i'u<iju.b
for cigar* aud othor Christma* elisor:
Trl.4>« Wood Co., UA., Pollwk Wjtw
Co., L. Carrosella, W, 0, Ingram. W.
Mills (King's Hotol), MoRBra McKny
hiit*   l-uM   .v>i.i.at   i.iiKrw,     kfti.     ...
Gates (King Bdward Hotol).
TrltOB-Wood Co., Mil,, announces tho
minimi Now Year's troat or cam)Iob,
nutB, raisins and fruit to ovory child
In'Fornln who will call for Ihem nt
the »tor« on thnt day at 10,80 o'clock
On Monday evoning tbo 23rd, Mr.
John W. Wwitoby wan united In marriage to Mln Mary .1. Drake. Mr.
V»Y_Uo.<jf Un U-. ii _i .t.V.iWi.t of Fernie
far the past elx yc.im, whllo the brldo
hnn Juftt itrri.e.. trwn l/omlon, Knit.
Tb« couple were married In tho home
of Mr. Wwrtflhy; a few fronds being
present to wHneiw tho happy onei
started on their mutrlmonlat war.
Rev. 1. Y, Dlmmlck tied the nuptial
Tho IlapllBl Sunday School Christ-
roan entertainment passed off vory
miccemifullv on Thursday evening,
i Tho church, which wai crowdod to tho
<l<H>r_., -ia'1 ficcn beautifully ilucoratea
liy member* of the Ladles' Illble Class,
and _j_tfwnl(iL/i very pl<^Vr>e *«>.-»■*•.
iiii-o. Tho program included various
recitation*, which worn fo'loivrul liv a
en ni nu cntitlnd "Hama's h4.ctjn.on/*
Which  WUH f-nAnrtfil pnl'wlv hv -nr>tTi.
bers of tho Sunday School.    Mr. B,
linnnmnn. Mis* Hunnnlilc, and Oorge
Wools, representing thn fani'i Cj-»m
family, held a reception at which tart-
jotjn   rliinftfitf   nppcnpjd,    rich    an
j brownies, fairies, tho Queen of Song,
'.Join Hull. Miss rannih. Mr. Stln«-.
j min. tM'rir »»,i,»i-   *■•■•      —1,»   *»,
turn oxproMsd tUIr rmUot* ta Ma*.
At lh*« r»f»«    if
(Is.is proceeded to folfll his hlitortfi
ftn.rtloi. sad dUlrltott'd gifts to tbe
fhl.ifrvn of thf i.choof.
On Monday morning at about 10,45
n,m„ ix flro broke, out In tho chlmnoy
of tho Fornlo Hospital. At no tlmo
waa tt Horious, and tlio flrt< brigade,
who w*ro quickly on the scono, had no
difficulty In putting it out.
The now seven and elfht reel
vice of pictures each night I* evidently woll appreciated, Judging by the attendance at this popular ovonlng resort, lho program for t'ritlay and
Saturday nights, also tho usual Saturday matinee Is a tworoe) feature of
M<.» 101 nison productions, ontltlod
"Tbe Vengeance of Fate," also a la-
, tttir story which s'nemn. j»rov<t immuui-
larly Interesting In this part of tho
country, "Employers' Liability,'' Two
comedy films entitled "A Garrison
Joke," and a "8lx Cylinder Elopement," and iwWalt Street drama, "The
1MVW Ytnw'H." go in miJr<> up whst
should prove a vory pleasing oven-
luc'a cnfcrtalnmcnt
On New Year's afternoon there will
!*_ a np«elal matinee
Curling seems to he as popular as
ever, while we tuw« Iteard of no to-
etta** la Um. pttca oC whtiitui.
.   Nelson   First   Meeting   Place    'v
..,-.       ':     "■   -  .   v,
' Below we reproduce the application
by the Sandon Local of the Western
Federation-of Miners for the appointment of & Board of Conciliation under
the Industrial Disputes Investigatio*
Act, 1907. J. B. Smith, of' Coal Creek,
•was selected by tnem to act as a member on this hoard, hut later it' waa. decided that all the locals under the jurisdiction'of the Western Federation'
of Miners in the district should submit the dispute for the'consideration
of one board to cover the whole territory. The Klmberley Local had. selected J. W. Bennett to represent them
on the original plan of separate hoarda
for each locality. However, when the
miners decided to adopt the plan mentioned above, District 6 endorsed the
selection of the Kimberley' Local as
to their representation on this Conciliation Board. On Thursday last J.
W. Bennett, left Fernie to confer with
the representative or the Mining Companies, C. R. Hamilton, K.C., of Nelson, and on their joint recommendation W. H. Bullock .Webster, a Victoria barrister, was selected as chairman of this board,l ■ It is probable'that
the Board will convene in Nelson for
its first sitting on January Cth:
-     CANADA    _,
The Industrial Disputes Investigation
Act, 1307,
Form of Application for Appointment,
.   of a Board of Conciliation and '
,   Investigation
'     '     Sandon, B.U., Nov. 26, 1912.
To the Registrar,'
Boards of.Conciliation and
Investigation,   •
Department of Lahor,
Ottawa. .   .
The undersigned hereby make application to.the Minister of Labor for
the appointment of a Board of Conciliation and Investigation under the
Industrial Disputes Investigation, Act,
190V, to" which a dispute between the
parties' named in the-accompanying
statement >may be referred under the
provisions of the said AcCand submits
the statement and statutory declaration prescribed under the Act as necessary in making sucli-application.
■   -'  (a)  STATEMENT.  ..
Locality of dispute: Slocan and Ains-
worth Mining ' Divisions. , Kootenay,
Trade, or Industry:, Metalliferous
mining.. ' - •   ■
"~TEe^artie_rto'the^i_ipute:=i1 —
(1) Employer: Lucky Jim'Zinc mines,
Ltd., .Rambler-Cariboo Mines, Surprise
Mine, Hope Mine,'Noble Five Mines,
Richmond-Eureka ' Mines, and Idaho-
Alamo Mines; -  y
(2) Employees:; • . Sandon Miners'
V'llon No. SI WfVfrn FederaMoi of
J-iliurs,' the ni-..!_..•.•..il.ii of whiM 's
employed in various capacities in and
around the mines and mills operating
in this vicinity.
Approximate estimate of number of
employees affected.or likely to be af-
fected:—Directly: Males, 21 years or
oyer '210; males, under 21, nil; females, nil; total, 210.    Indirectly: 90.
Nature nnd cause of dispute, including claims .and demands hy either
party upon ,the other to which exception is takon:-—Tho cnuso of dispute ls
a demand on tho pnrt of tho employees
for an Incroaso In wngos; averaging
fifty conts per day per capita, which
demand is moro specifically sot forth
In the . nttachod schedule, ."District
Wngo Scale," and further explained
ln correspondence marked "Rxhlbit
Outllno of efforts mndo hy parties
concerned to adjust tho dlsputei—In
conformity with Section No. B7 of tho
Industrial Disputes Investigation Act,
100/, which provides that: "Employers
nnd employees Bhall glvo nt loast
thirty days notico of an-* intended
change affecting conditions of employment with roBpoct to wages or hours"
—a copy of tho oncloBod, communication, togother with other data mentioned .heroin, nnd marked Exhibit
(A), was forwarded by register nnd
regular mall to tho sovoral mlno operators In the jurisdiction of Sandon Miners' Union. Tho receipt of this communication hns not boen itcKnowloriired
nor hnvo any overturns looking toward n settlement heen mado by nny
of the companies so nddrossod, excepting that tho nichmond-Ruroka "inn
poBtod n notico on that,proporty granting nn Increase In wages of ftf'wn
conts per day to miners and twenty-
flvo conts por day to muckora or car-
Person recommended as member on
Board of Conciliation and Investigation :-%\'sme In full: John 13, Smith,
Coal Creek, Fernio, B. C.
This application Is mado on bohalf
of tho employees, {|
fllsunttiro of wrM-m msUlnp- snnllrs-
tton:—James 11. McMillan, Vice-President, Bsndon, B.O.. Anthony Hhllland,
Financial Secretary, Sandon, n.C.
AuthorUy;--At a special meeting of
Sandon Minors' Union No. 81, W.F.M.;
held on Saturday, November 9th. 1912,
a resolution wns unanimously adontod
authorising the shove officer* to mafce
application to 1he TV«nnrtment of 7 n-
bor at Ottawa for ihe appointment
of a Doard of Conciliation and In von ligation under the Industrial TMsmites
ftivcattgatlon Act, lfl<J7.
ih) Statutory nerlsratlon
C»u»il_v: P.u•--•*■ _<4» <r " <" n. „ • ••
Kootenay, to wit; r. Jtam R. UeltU.
Ian, of th* <*'♦« rf 9«p - n •
vlnre of Hrtlh.h ro.un.Ma. and '/,
/**ithonv P)i»li*n<l of «».» ntv of 8sn-
i!oa. la tb* Proi]no« of Brills* Columbia, da ocverol.y aolomalj decUtt m
follows", that Ib to'say:- Hhat,=to the
best of our knowledge'and belief, fail:,
ing an adjustment\>*.,the.dispute hew
in referred to, or a reference thereof
by the Minister, of Labor;,to a Board
of .,Conciliation7..and .Investigation
under the Industrial Disputes Investigation Act, 1907, a strike will be'declared, and that the necessary authority to declare such/strike? has been obtained; that.the dispute has been, the
subject' bf negotiations' between the
committee and the employers, that all
efforts to obtain a satisfactory settlement have failed, and .that there is no
reasonable, hope of securing a settlement by further negotiations.
■ And we make this solemn 'declaration conscientiously believing it to^he
true, and knowing that it is of tie
same force and effect as if made under
oath, and .by virtue of the.Canada Evidence Act.     •
(Signed) ,
, Financial Secretary.
. Declared by> the said James R. McMillan find Anthony Shilland before me
at Sandon, in the County of Kootenay,
this 26th day of November, A.D. 1912.
—W. J. Parham, J. P -
belcg ..found" r -awaiting - them ' at
the school, one or. two of them called
at. the City Office, and were politely
informed, that no. cheques wouid_.be
issued'until ,the;end of the year.-"It
is understood that the bank has closed
down ;upon the" city. When this be77
came known a justified howl of. protest arose, not only among the teachers, hut amongst', the citizenBwho got
to hear of it. ' Much sympathy was
felt for those who wished to go home
or elsewhere fbirthe';vacation, and a
good Samaritan came,forth in the person' of one of'the members of the
school hoard, who advanced the money
to. them. "The previous evening the
School Board held a' special" meeting
for the purpose of passing the salaries.
In all there are sixteen teachers, and
the monthly salary list is about $1400.
We understand that the School Board
have gone in for ^economizing this year
and the expenditure is $1800 less than
what their estimate to the Council,at
the beginning of the y«sar anticipated.
A keen disappointment ,was in store
for the teachers in our public school
last Friday, when no money was forthcoming for their salaries. Although
these are not due until the end of the
month, it has always been the custom
to issue their cheques when the
schools, broke up for the Christmas
holidays, so that those of them who
wished .to spend the - holiday
elsewhere could do so without
inconvenience.       On-    no     cheques
Feelings Wounded by Premier's Uncomplimentary Words In Chamber
ROME, Dec. 20.—Tho stockbrokers
throughout Italy are on strike. All
the exchanges are closed, no quotation
lists are issued, and stock exchange
business is at a standstill.
This unprecedented strike is due to
Premier Gioletti's uncomplimentary remarks about stockbrokers at yesterday's sitting of the^ chamber, when a
law' waa passed increasing a stockbroker's bonds to $20,000.   .-    ,
The premier Thursday refused' to retract anything he had said and the
strike continues. • '".
Return Engagement of the. Rex Com-
',."."•_,<_ parly on Saturday .Night
What- is considered to be about the/
best vaudeville company- that has ever;
struck Fernie, made its appearance in'..
Grand Theatre on Thursday evening '•
last.     Notwithstanding ..the fact that ~
the visit wap'unexpected, and' little
time for adverising allowed, quite a"
fair-sized audienceqwitnessed the.-performance, some "of whom remained for
the second show.   Every turn Ib above
the average and evoked unstinted ap;, ■
plause and laughter.     Dave Caston,
who is billed as "London'smost Eccen--'.
trie Comedian and Scar-crow Dancer,"
is. a host in himself, both,his face
(for the occasion only, it is hoped, for
his sake) and his make-up being ludicrously funny.     Hary Lancaster haa
a beautiful baritone voice, in addition
to which he makes a good Scotch comedian.     Harvy C. Willis is quite,ver-,
5atlle.._ What with selected songs, ventriloquism, corhanist and other accomplishments, he keeps his audience well
satisfied a good part of the" evening.
Miss Marion Yale has a sweet voice
which was heard,to good advantage.
A sketch, in which Castor, Willis' and
MIsb Yale participated, kept the audience in roars bf laughter for over
helf an hour.    Previous to the vaudeville two reels of pictures were,shown.
A complete change of songs, sketches,
patter and films will be given Saturday
night.     - ,   ^ .    '.
Most of the hotels in town conducted turkey raffles throughout the week,
and some very fair samples were being
paraded around the town on Christmas Eve.    „ '       *,      . ■'   <
The  Season's   Greetings
I extend my cordial good wishes to my many
friends' and patrdns with sincere appreciation of
their courtesies during 1912, and the hope that
continued prosperity and happiness may be the
portion of all during the coming year. 0,
J. D. Quail
„. '.f
Here is a New Yeair Gift
For You
Shares in the Crow's Nest Trust Co., Ltd.
1 > ■ ■
, - Charter Applied For. Capital, $50,000
First offering of 1500 shares to be sold at par ($10.)   Next
issue will be sold at $12.50. "Terms made to  suit you.
Purely a Local Company
A. C. BOWNESS, Mayor of Cranbrook J. W, BENNETT, Fernie
P. E. WILSON, Cranbrook  ,. E. R. MACKENZIE, Cranbrook & Fernie
Nftpanee Hotel, Fernie, B.C.
Write Ideas for Moving Pioture Plays!
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We Will Show You Howl
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Tho demnnd for photoplnyn I* practically unlimited. The biff film manufaclurori ore "novliK
Ii«avi)n and earth" In tholr attempts to get good plots to uupply tbe ever increasing demand. Tbs/
are offering 1100 and .more, for alngle acenanoa, or written Uieae.
We have received many letters from tbe film manufacturers, aucb as VITAGRAPH, EDISON, M-
to sond photoplays to them. Wo want more writers and we'll gladly teach you tho secrets of success,
Perhaps we can do the same for you.    If you can think of only ono good Idea every week,, aad will
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1543 Broadway
.*• I
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♦ .-,■■    ' •, *'. .''   •   ♦
">♦' ' '♦
• ♦♦♦♦♦♦.»♦♦♦♦♦
, (Too late for publication last week.)
♦ The ladles of th© Methodist Church
postponed* their social -which was to
- haye tal_e__ pla«e on Wednesday even-
ingy.  ■. ■'.<,'
On Saturday' morning, the 14th inst.,
the death occurred of Violet Anderson, aged 8 years, beloved" daughter of
Mr and Mrs. R. Anderson. The ill-
ness only lasted a week, and death was
caused from.spinal meningitis. The
funeral took place on Monday afternoon, and a large gathering followed
th^ cortege to the grave. The school
was closed lri the afternoon and the
school children turned out in large
numbers to the, funeral. The deceased was beloved by all who knew her
, and we all extend our deepest sympa-
• thy to her parents ln,their sad here-,
The stork visited the home of, Mr.
\I_obinson-last .weel:' and left a fine
bouncing, girl. .-Mother and daughter
are Keeping well
Mr. J A. Carruthers was on a visit
to Letl bridge this week.
Mr. Shaw;- from Canmore, was visiting here last week.
Clem Stubbs,' District President, was
■ here on business, on Tuesday last.
Commissioner McNeil and Mr. Hannah, of Calgary, the neutral arbitrator
in connection with the dispute in prices're B Level pillars, were here examining the working conditions of same
ori Tuesday of last week..
Mr. Lewis Stockett'was here last
.Saturday. '     ■
Alec Kinsman quit fire bossing on
" Saturday, R. Smith taking his place,
while Jim Maltman has started fire
tossing in R. Smith's place.
Tom Williams,- District Mine Inspec-
' tor waB in town on Friday of this
week.  . ,.-"'     -[
Mr. T. Stockett has gone to Calgary to spend' Christmas at his par-'
ent's liome. •
Nurse Stevenson arrived last week
and-has taken up her duties at the
hospital.   '
Mr. Alec Kinsman went east on Sun-
. "day evening., '
-Big Dan has pulled out for Beaver
..■Creek.   '1  •        ■■ ■ " ' -•'
On-Christmas Eve, a band of Bohem*
dan minstrels "went around the town
singing' in their native tongue, arid ;dis-'
playing a singular lantern. It reminded one of Hallowe'en Eve.
•The children .of- the' Methodist
■Church had a fine Christmas tree in
the church 6n_Thursday evening, and
thero was a fairly large attendance of
*oth parents arid children.
Mrs: Boyiea's two daughters,* Jane
and Sraelda, who have been attending
school nt Pincher Creek, arrived home
to Bpend Christmas with their parents.
.-.Thoy will be returning to Pincher after
■tho Christmas holidays.
Tho local aerie of the Fratornal
Order of Eagles, was reorganized last
woek, When tho following officers wero
eloctod: W. P.—Bro. W. H. Chappell,
jr.; W. V. P.—Bro. H. Vnrloy; W. C—
Bro. A. Pndgott;; W. S.—Bro P. Chappell; W. T.— Bro S.„Humhlej I. G.
—Bro, P. Gorella; 0. Q.—Bro B. Grou-
al. The meetings will ho held on the
socond and fourth Saturdays ln each
month, when visiting brothers will bo
welcome '
> Blllie Strafford loft this weok on a
visit to his frlonds In __othbrld__o, He
will bo returning about tho fjrst bf the
Mr. fl. W. CoiiBonB, who has beon
laid up for somo timo, stnrtod work
again this week.
Tho wrestling match on Tuosday
night was an oasy win for Hallbro,
Tho crowd was small on account of thn
concert at tho church. Tho mon wrestled about 10 minutes, whon Hallbre
-got tbo first fall against Itoato. Boalo
was Hufforlng with a bad arm (bo got
It burt on Saturday), and tho second
fall wna In nbout 6 mlnutoB. Tbo
match was rotorood by Bob Lbvltt.
A Slavonian miner had his kg broken on Saturday whllo following bis
occupation. Tho doctor set tho bono,
and bo wan taken to tho hsopltal. Tho
samo day another minor rocelvod some
bad cuts on tho face, and at night a
Belgian, working on tho tlpplo, fell
And sprained his arm, ...
Tbo ooncort at the church on Tuos-
rtfir fiff»M wn« a  fMrV fn**  «"(.,	
r      .#    ***     %.**VL.__.._.. * »<•   _->.^ .. _. »»
After tlw. conoart thnrn wan a mIa nf I around flfinln now..
a stabbing which occurred at Hillcrest.
They came up for trial on Wednesday
and,were all fined:     \- '■
Mr. Arthur Shearer, who has been
employed as'master mechanic at the
Bellevue mine for some time, resigned
his position. Mr. Shearer has not
yet decided where he intends^ going,
but he'has two or three offers and
has not decided which he will accept.
We 'iwlsk. him success wherever he
Mr. "Kelly, the teacher at the, high
school,,left this week to spend the
Xmas holidays at Calgary.
Mr and Mrs. Alworth and family are
visiting in camp. Mr. Alworth was pit
.boss here, but is now pit boss at the
Royal Collieries. His many friends
.were glad to see him.
The whist drive and dance given
under the auspices of the Bellevue
Athletic Association was a fairly good
success, considering the weather. The,
chair was taken by Mr. S. Shone, and
after some fitting remarks presented
to the winners' of the Crow's Nest
League the medals. The following
are the names of tlie winners: Alf
Fristenam, Harry Jephson, Bib Petrie,
Ike Hutton, Arnold Varley, Thomas'
Bradley, Thomas Marsh, James Fisher,
Ike Marsh...
,• The-Christmas tree and concert
given' in the Socialist Hall on Monday
was a success from start to. finish.
The first part was the concert given
by .the school children under the lead-'
ership of Mr. Kelly and Mr. David
Davidson. There were some good recitations and "drills. The chairman
was the Rev. W. Irwin, and at 9
o'clock he announced that at the close
of the ' concert Santa ' Claus would
be in attendance and deliver the prizes to the children. \ There were some
330 prizes to be given out. Every
child,in Bellevue and. vicinity got-a
prize. The hall was filled to it? capacity and it .was after 12 o'clock before the children could leave for home.
Thc committee deserves great praise
for the way tlie thing was carried out?
. Mr. Kaitka is rebuilding a house on-
the Cowley townsite.
•     v.
Some of the boys went to Blairmore
to play hockey on Christmas Day.
Vlce,-President Jones is spending his.
Christmas holiday's with his old friends
in Hillcrest. .       '
A grand Christmas tree was' held
iri the tJn'Ion Hall on Christmas Eve.
Ali the kiddies, were presented .with
If Charles Warlaby, brother-
in-law of Winounskie (deceased) late of Corbin, B. C, will
kindly communicate with District Secretary A. J. Carter,
he will hear of - something
which will be to" his interest.
Claus, Wm.~Hall; Jack Frost, J. New-
bury; Three Jacks, Reg. O'Brien, Tom
Joyce, Joe France; Miss Mary, Miss
Bella Finch; Postman, Master Jack
Parker; Snow Queen, Miss Maggie
Hall; Snow Fairies, Hilda Atkinson,
Phylis Percy, Mabel Michell, Lizzie
France, Emily Young. Santa' Band:
Masters Worthlngton, McCourt, Gibson, Joyce and Buchanan.' Mortals:
John Gibson, Robert Joyce, Lilly Hall,
Alice France, Doris Newbury and Marjory Michel, Nelly Millbumi Jenny
Joyce, Hilda Young, Violet Hesketh
and Ivy Puckey. Tiny Tots: Florence
Billsborough, Betty Finch, Essie Mil-
burn, Nelly Brawn, Minnie Wesnedge.
The music was rendered by G. Davidson. Great!'credit reflects on the pastor and teachers for the able manner
in which they aave ^trained .up the
children. ■ <-       .      .
Mr and Mrs. Marchant and family,
of'Hosmer, were visiting up here this
Christmas. They were the guests of
Mr arid Mrs. J. Yoiing.
The carol singers were prominent up
here on Christmas Eve.
\  W*0 were'the bunch of piefrots who
who promenaded the camp on.Christmas morning.    Oh, you boys.
The annual scholars tea party and
Christmas-tree in collection 'with the
Methodist Sunday school took place
on Thursday, 26th, inst.
The Presbyterian Sunday School' tea
and.Christmas tree takes place on Friday 27th inst.   ,
. Several prizes from the Fernie Work
men's Club Draw, found their way up
here.this Christinas.      •   ' _
In our report of the election, of of tiers for the club laat week. we cited
Forsyth and Flnlayson "as auditors, it
should have been R. Forsyth and Mark
Hugall, with Finlayson as third man. •
♦'.' ._.:'■. ■ ' ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<►
, The boys of Frank arranged a hockey game with Blairmore for last Saturday afternoon and the visitors put it
handsome gifts and  much credit is ! over them- to the tune of 3—1
due to the ladies and gentlemen who
helped to make this so pleasing to the
kiddles.   .    .
Nearly nil tho members of Hillcrest
gymnasium club responded to a call
from the Bellevue .law factory last
weok. But never mind, hoys; although our purse is somewhat lighter,
let us not givo them a chance to reap
such a rich harvest again.    Nuf scd.
A vory pretty event took place at
Hillcrest on Chrlstmns evo, when Mr,
Adam Cruickslmnk nnd Miss Lizzie
Taylor wero joined In matrimony. The
ceremony wns performed hy tho Rev.
Mr. Lang. The brldo was aBfllatod
by hor slater, and Mr. Fred Johnson
did tho honor's for tho groom. Wo nil
join in wishing them a long and hnppy
Mr. Maurice Campbell, of Fernie,
Bpent Christmas In IHHcrest.'
A dancing class will start in Hillorost Bhortly undor tho management
of Prof. Morrlnon. Mr. MorrlBon has
rontod tho Union Hnll for tho purposo
and wo wl«h him much siicccsb.
Mr and Mrs. Fuchs, of tho Union
Hotol, Invltoil a largo numbor of
fr.cnds to dinner on Christmas Day,
Everyone had a (.plondld tlmo and wo
wish Mr and Mrs Fuchs many happy
Mrs. Davo Martin camo out of hospital on Saturday nnd Ih doing ns woll
as can bo expected. Wo wish hor a
spoody rocovory.
Thomas BarnoB left hore on Monday
on n visit to Vancouvor, whoro ho In.
tends spending a fow days' holiday
with friends,   Oh, you Tommy.
Tho mines wero Idlo on tho afternoon abirt of Christmas Eve, and thoro
woro only a fow mon turned out on
Boxing Day.
Mrs. Jack Egllnton was tnkon to
hospital on tho 24th to undergo modi-
DELHI, India, Dec. 24.—Tlie te-
tempt on the life of "Baron aad Lady
Hardingeyesterday by an Indian fanatic kept the police and' the civil authorities of "the imperial city of India
occupied today. A large number of
persons have'been arrested. It has
been proved that at least 150 persons
were gathered at the back of the pre7
mlses from which the. bomb was
thrown. In the vicinity also was a
dense crowd of natives.
NEW YORK, Dec. 24.—Charles S.
Mellen, president of the New York
New Haven and Hartford railroad, and
E. J. Chamberlain, president of the
Grand Trunk railway of Canada, were
in New York this morning ready' to appear before Judge Hough in the federal
district court to give bond and answer
to indictments found against them yesterday charging them with violation
of tne Sherman anti-trust law. The
penalty upon conviction is one year in
jail, a fine of $5,000 or both.
Many Defections From Medical Association—Willing to' Accept Terms
of Government
LONDON, Dec. 24.---The government
is making it clear that it is not disposed to offer the doctors further concessions over the Insurance Act. ' The
indications are that further concessions-will not be necessary for yesterday saw a striking change in the status
of the controversy of the medical association and authorities. . Widespread
defections from the association policy
has set in and in many, quarters the
doctors are taking things into their
own hands and offering^ their services
to the country. The most startling example of the neW1 movement comes
from the crowded boroughs of Ber-
mondsey, where the doctors met yesterday and in a 'body decided to defy
the association and to agree to ..work
under the insurance act at the terms
offered by the chancellor of the ex-
_che_quer__Lloy_d__Geo_rge,      .    ■■
(»n1    ♦ *•* w»f w*n f *
tW    it1**,    *4lt
Roods suitable for Christmas presents.
Tho concert was of a first class order,
zi tbe Bollovuo Band playing somo good
■elections. Somo really good singing
waa h«irt_ nnd It wns vf.t.»i. n miofon*
from start to finish.
Jack Hamilton, who bas been In
camp for somo tlmo, pulled up stakes
and loft for fields unknown last week.
We wish yon success, Jack, but you
will be missed when tno basobsll sea-
aon somca.
Tbo newly organised Ordor of Rag-
lea bold a. grand social la tho Socialist
Hall on Saturday night. There was
quite a good crowd, wbo had a good
Too local police rounded up Unreal
foreigner* wbo were connected with J
Long boforo tbo advertised tlmo for
banta Claus' arrival at tho club a large
crowd of oagor, oxpeotant children ga-
thoredvtt tbo doors.    The commlttoo
wVtfl >inrt flirt ffririrrfimiMnli) lri J;»i;iJ «»»
to be complimented on tho manner In
which everything passed off, and they
doserve the thanks of all fpr tho tlmo
and labor ospendod.
Owing to a car of gnsollno exploding
'n the machine shop on Saturday, Joo
THrlcn was admitted to hospital with
i burnt face.    Latest reports are tbat
"a Is doing as well as can be expected,
Ttij   Christmas   Cantata   entitled
Posy Santa" was well rendered by
N» frholsrs of tbe Methodist Sunday
-hool on Christmas nighL   The caste
*< m follows.   Immortals:    Santa
Last Wednesday a game was arranged between the Married andvSlrigle
men of hockey fame. The game was.
a real lively one, but owing to the fact
that a fow of the married stars did not
appear, the single men were able to
boast of conquest.
. The Christmas tree in the Methodist
Church on Friday night waB a great
success, and about eighty children
were treated to a stocking-full of good
things <by Santa Claus.
MIbb Simpson and Miss Armstrong
(of Hillcrest) were ln town for a skate
on Thursday night.-
MIbb B. Evans, of Blairmore, has accepted a position with Harvey Murphy
during his big sale,
Mr. Sam Patton and Mr'Harry Smith
havo commenced to work In Hillcrest
Joan Furncau Is working ln Blairmore.
Our moving contractor lifted the
tailor shop this week and In doing bo
smashed tho windows. Now our tailor, Mr. Kennedy, haB moved to tho
building Intoly uaod by Mr. Chatfleld
for a Jowolry Btoro.
MIbb Macolm and MIbb Rolfo left on
Saturday for Calgary to spond the
ChrlBtmas holidays,
School cloBort laBt Frldny, each child
rocolvlng a llttlo mcBBago tn tho form
of oatnhloB from tho teaching Btaff
boforo thoy loft for their vacations.
Ilov, and Mrs. Young Joft Sunday
night for Edmonton to spend Christ-
nuts In that city.
Tho Blairmoro Rntorprlso of last
wook contains nn Item which Is a genuine calling down to a certain dry
gooila storo In Prank for getting sale
bills printed out of town, In other
words, not In Blalnnota, and closes by
saying, that If tbe people followed his
ommpln they would send to Eaton's
for nil thoy neodod, Now that papor
Is constantly hitting mall order houses
and supports tho Idea of locnl trade,
yot In another column It hits nn advt
for Timothy Baton.  Now, to bo con-
nln»p«»      !»    ...■_■!•    t , .., ;,, , *
..~.l..»,       ,.       ....IM       44VM«/V.»      fitfl      6UbU       il
mrno, no trnp^ruift tnttrrMcfl should
enrry advts for them. Howovcr, thoy
show tbat lho reason Is tha monoy that
Is In lt, and that Is why some deal
-J _#"•.•'        *.   "Wilt,'. .*        «_,*.**«
moro and Coleman was played nt
Prank Instead or Blairmoro, as tho Ice
at Blairmoro was not Jn condition.
Another tblng that waa not In condition was tbo Blairmoro team, thoy be-
Ing throo (ben abort* and thoy decided
to play a friendly game. After a hard
*nd fast bout for forty minutes It finished up In a draw—two each. Blair-
imoro aw to be congratulated on the
manner In which tbey played up In tho
Mce of such a. strong combination,
vhlch Is considered to be the host In
imtf le»»ru*-.»int only fonsli'ered!
' In places as far apart as Liverpool,
Cardiff,- Birmingham and Brighton the
decision of the doctors is being copied.
Last night six prominent members of
the medical association resigned their
positions on the council of that body
on the ground that the association's
policy if carried out seriously would
be 'detrimental to the present and future of the medical profession.
SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Dec. 25.—
Guy V. Vlllipon, a former teacher who
arrived hero yesterday from the west
coast of South America, told a tale of
having been fattened for a feast of
cannibals while attempting to,cross
from Ciudad to Buenos Ayres, He
oscaped after many adventures and
found' his way to Cnlluo.
' "They were a strnnge peoplo," he
said, "and npponrod to he half man
nnd half apo, I have no doubt that
thoy meant to cat mo, I wns mystified by all their kindness, until I saw
that it wns directed to the end of getting mo fut. Then I thought I bad
bottor loavo, and I did,"
Distribute 8peclal Circular and Make
' Effort to Control Candidates
have to hang around some' locality,
when, had the latter been paid promptly, he might have been successful in
getting work at some other point...
I have frequently heard it so stated
that a man so treated can recover
from such delinquent compensation for
the time during which his wages have
been unduly retained. Whether this,
principle is law or mythology I do not
know, but as secretary of the district
this matter has been referred to me
and I would like to have,you look into
matters and let me have the benefit of
your opinion In this connection. An
opinion in extenso is not essential, but
I would like to have one of such de-
finiteness that I may print It for circulation among the local unions of the
Solicitor Macnell's reply Is as follows: "Re Workmen's Wages: An
employee who has been discharged
cannot recover wages for the time he
loses whilst awaiting payment of the
amount due him up to the time of his
discharge, but if he has been discharged wrongfully and without capso or
notice, he can recover damages for the
loss ustained by him by reason of such
wrongful.dismissal. We .cannot give
an opinion offhand as i.o the amount
<_f damages a workman who has been
discharged wrongfully can recover, for
that is a question to be decided by the
court. If a workman is employed at
a day wage, the damages would be
the wages which he would have earned hack he been given the proper notice, but where'the wage of the workman is not a day wage; it is a little
more difficult to say what damages
would be assessed. It would depend
a great deal upon the,time it wo.ild
have taken him to obtain employment
had started out to find other employment immediately upon being discharged. But nothing would be allowed him for the time he spent try
ing to obtain from,the employer the
wages which he had earned up" to the
time of the discharge."
Twenty Thousand Said to Have Passed Through Montreal for
Festive Season
llOMB, Doc. 20.—SoclallBt activity
throughout Itnly hnH shown ItiwJf recently In tho wide circulation of n
special circular containing Instructions an to tho main politlnl arguments of tho day. Tlio official Socialist party In Italy hns of late Buffered
from a hocohbIoii, but In splto of this
formation of n Hopnrato reformist organization, tho growth of the mnln
movement Is undiminished. Tho ovo
of tho gonoral olootlnns Ih a further
lni.oi.tlvo to activity on tho part of tho
Soclnl-Pomocrntn and an effort Is to
he mado endorsing nnd controlling
candidates,    ^
Por tho first tlmo ln many years a
resolution was adoptod to which It
will bo nocessary for branches to havo
tho direot Indorsement for rnndidn-
Railway, officials estimate ,that more
than 20;000 people have passed through
for ,the Christmas holidays.,
The average cost of the trip for each
person is $300, which would make the
total amount Involved ln this temporary exodus $6,000,000.
IndIanapolis,'Ind„December 16, 1912
On November' 23, Local Union 2245,
of Linton Ind., waB suspended for insubordination. ^Anticipating this ac:
tlon, tho local union, to protect its individual members, .Issued transfer
cards to all applying for same, before
the order went Into effect.
All efforts to effect a* settlement of
the existing grlevnnces over which
a strike was Inaugurated at tho Andromeda mlno, having failed, tho In-
tcruatlonnl organisation was compelled to, tako this courso to onforco Its
contract relations with tho oporators
of Indiana.
Transfer cardB Issued nfter tho In-
ar.guratlon of tho strike nt this mlno
will bo a subject for tho International
Board to deal with; recognizing thc
right of tho-Bonrd to olthor revoke
tlio cardB or nsncsR a flno ngalnst tho
members guilty of precipitating the
ill 11(0.
It Ib to bo rogrottod that mon will
ruthlessly and doflontly sot aBldo tho
laws of tho organlzntlon nnd tholr contract relations with their omployorfl,
when tho proper relief can ho Boourod
nB provldod In our laws nnd contrncts,
All loenl unions oro hcrohy caution-
od not to contribute flnnnelnlly or In
any wny lend oncourngomont to tho
mon on strlko, othorwlso thoy will bo
guilty of Insubordination and dealt
with nccordlngly,
RDWIN PRimY, Socrotnry.
VANCOUVER, Dec. 24.—Argument
concerning whether a sub-contractor
could be termed a workman within che
meaning of the workmen's compensation act, concluded last evening in
Judge Mclnnes' court in the case in
which "Joe" Roeditch is J claiming
compensation against Messrs. Burns,
Jordan and Welch for tho loss of an
arm while engaged on railway construction. His honor reserved judgment.
The plaintiff testified that tho member was amputated as the result of a
premature blast of powder. He was
engaged by the defendant company as
a station man, which the defence
claimed amounted to his being a contractor and therefore being unable to
recover under the terms or tne act.
Counsel for the plaintiff contended
that it was true ho signed a contract
to do certain work, but it was evident
that the men Were paid wages. Notwithstanding the contract, the control
exercised over the men was as complete as If they were.hired employees.
Insect bites and stings, blistered feet, ,"
and sunburn!   These three things, or   ~
any ono of them, may spoil some days q.
of your vacation, or make your-work.'■
a bore!   Zam-Buk'Js the remedy you.
need!     It   takes the "burn";out of,
these red, inflamed patches where the
sun has got home on you; it eases bad
riiosquito  bites, and   it   soothes and.
heals blistered feet and hands.
In the hot"weather young bablea suffer greatly from heat spots and chafed
places. Here, again, Zam-Buk will give
almost instant ease! Mothers should
always keep .Zam-Buk handy, and 7
should use Zam-Buk Soap for baby'a
bath.  '
For cuts, bums, nnd more 6crloua
skin diseases, such as eczema, blood-
poisoning, etc., and for piles, Zam-Buk
Ib _ absolutely without an equal. Ail
druggists aud stores 50c. box or Zam-
Buk Co., Toronto.
CRANBROOK, 1..C.     o
(CnnibridRuliiL'-ier Local Honouro Certificate.
-.Ir.n_.iff>.«iu university Kducalion Diploma.)
AFRi.tJint, MissIInnosoN. (Diploma of tho Cbl-
Icko of Teiioliern for tliu Deaf and Dumb.)   '
Terms for boiirdcrs and day scholars on application to tho Ilcadmistrctw.
Don't forget to try Easton's
When you want
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
Hardware and Furniture
We have the largest and most up-tordate
_ Hardware and Furniture Stock
in the Pass.
Everything in
■ Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co.> Limited
Phone 7    FRANK, Alta.
P.O. Box 90
Every Night—8 to 10 o'clock
At least five reels nightly, Feature films, Comedies, Educational, Instructive.
Prlcos 10c & 25c
A. pleasant evening's entertainment, House
comfortable, commodious and well heated  7
P0      >• i. _■
.1-1 ■•■""■*"	
Wulrlrt C of lho UVst _m F. (WivHn..
of Miners, with hendqunrtarn at Sandon. boi decided to InvonttRato tho
fjiiMtlon of non-jti.ym.mt of wngni
«vhcn duo, and tma what can ho dono
....      Il„      _.MIII_)..I      ».,»,..,„..,t.M., Y«
L<4. •*.*.        *■**■» »*»*_v\f '* .-.=.*.... '. . ». •» ty. ••*   .
pii'iwnHng the caw to tholr solicitor,
A.oxnndor Macnoil, of Pernio, 8«c*
Tron... A. Bblllnnd, on b«..n. f of tho
mombonhlp, «my»: "A condition of affair*, haa, particularly of Into yonrH,
arlton In th!» Jurisdiction, whom mon
arc dlimUsod from their employment
and compelled to wnlt for aevornl day*
for "wngfiti duo them. I nwd hardly
point out the hardahlp thli Infllctn
upon a man who maty havo a homo in
another town, when he may dcalre to
live durlnr hla period of idteneim. or
the espenie that It la to tiny man to
F. ML Thompson Co*
The Quality Store
Blairmore,  Alta.
Fine Groceries.      Sole Agent for Five Roses Flour
Selected Teas,   Pure Coffees and Spices.   Finest Creamery
Butter and Cheese.      Canned Fruits jjn Variety.
Choice Syrups and Molasses
Dry Goods     Crockery     Clothing     Boots and Shoes
A complete assortment of good's that are usually kept in a First Class Store
Foreign & Domestic goods of every description.   Goods deliverep promptly
free of expense.    Phone 25 or call and get our prices.
ii J^jr,
•s . --.
iKf ,» i -
K > "   .
*■ 'A-
L. Humble
Dealer  in  , /    v
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
•■■_.* * .Va"
■' 7\' '/
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Bottled Goods a-Specialty
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazeiwooo Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
PERNIE, B, C.      Phone 34
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Mi at  tilufeii   llvlwtJ.   ful   Gulc
Duyo Horses on Commliion
1 positively cure tluve-foui'tlis of.
ill tho cases that are nbuolutcly in-4
Wcurable by any methods other than?
Jthose I employ. I do not care whoty
Alias treated you or how long or by*
"what means he has treated you,™
the probability is that I can cure1
iyou, and iVAvillbe able to  speak
definitely in the   matter, when I
know the details of vonr case.
Write for Free Book
If you can't call at my office'
write for my book, which describes._
*my method.    All letters are givenA
"special attention. J
210 Howard St., Spokane, Wash.
Large Airy Rooms &
Goodj Board
>(•        By -Anna M., Barnard.     ..'-'■
"Ohi'dear!" sighed "Susie, "I wish it
wasn't time.to go home. '"' I love \o be
here  Where's  fun." ■      •
"Why?" asked- Nettie. ' "Don't you'c
have any fun at home? ' Can't- you
and'AVinnie play and sing and dance,
and sometimes make ,candy? - Isn't
your papa and mama good?"
"Yes, pa and ma are good," Susie
replied slowly, > looking thoughtfully
out of her neighbor's window toward
home.    "Winnie is good, too, I ghess."
"What is the matter at'your-house?"
asked Nettie, approaching the unhappy
child, while Grace, her younger sister,
dropped her playthings' and looked on
"Pa just "reads and talks all the
time about awful things; reads about
awful had capitalists and starving
strikers and mean police; and then
lie talks to ma about tliem. Ma sho
shakos her hear and says It's a shame,
and It's awful. She looks so sad
sometimes, and looks just like she'd
cry. There's going to be a great struggle. Ma and pa.says so. They say
we must be brave, and make sacrifices Them sacrifices are bad things a
comln' for thoy make pa and ma afraid
when they talk about them. Sure,
we're all going to starve and freeze
for the big capitalists has all the coal
and all the things to eat. We're just
aWful miserable."
"Oh,, Susie!" protested Grace, who
had now moved away from hei' playthings. "We are glad every' day, Papa
is always glad. He sings and whistle., all the time, and nothing bad
can happen to us when he is glad. He
comes home from work and makes
lots of fun for me and Nettie. Mama
is happy, too. She laughs great big
laughs when Papa plays with us.
Come over hero, arid we'll give you
some fun."
Susie looked doubtfully at the hap-
; pier child.     "Pa and ma thinks the
capitalists will get everything In the
{world, maybe," continued Susie, "and
| if they do, we will starve and freeze.
| Pa and ma belong to the movement.
I They  look  afraid  all - the  time.      I
| know they never'had any fun.    I, wish
j there wasn't any movement nor capitalists,  then I. believe we would be
happy." J i
"Oh. poor Susie!" exclaimed Grace,
sympathetically. "No miserable (movement will get. us." We do not belong to nothin_. miserable. Pa and n.a
are  always  glad, and  they  wouldn't
tehee, and simply waited, serving.irra
small or large.way, until the end'eame.
. Today conditions'are. throwing ,the
woman out into_nthe wo^ld. More and.
more numbers-each year are,finding
their maturity of little or'great value?
to the social organism. There is no
chance' for resting on the pars' for
growing rusty—for waiting, -hands
folded, to die. • The social woman is
developing a clear,brain, alert nerves,
taut muscles. The modern woman is
developing these. ' Instead of going
into a' decline with the years, she Is
forcing her faculties to meet the demands of the world—and she goes on
with her duties until her faculties fail.
In many instances this decay is retarded until the woman is sixty,-and
even seventy years of age.  -   -
At an age ,when our grandmothers
were nodding in their caps beside the
fire, the modern woman, neat in dress
and trim in .manner,, is making a name
for herself, or successfully carrying a
name already made.
And with so-much achieved by the
modern woman, what may we expect
of the coming woman? With youth
prolonged indefinitely, with maturity
resting on a solid foundation made possible by such a youth, is it too much
.o expect that it will be'the average
rather than the exceptional woman
who will be as the Cady-Stantons, the
Lillian Russels, the Sarah Bernhardts
—those remarkable young-old women
who seem as a mystery and a miracle
to us today?
Social development is making for
many changes in history. But nowhere does it affect any human beings
so much as it affects womankind.
'With the closing of the class war,
when industrialism has taken the place
of capitalism, and the social units have
found their proper balance and relations, under such a regime will the
development and possibilities of the
woman reach undreamed of limits, and
in that day will the race take positive
steps, toward true humanism and civilization.       ,     , .    o
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found  In  such  a display of
We- have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperaxor Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone 66
George Barton    Phone 78 ;
Every convenience and comfort, Just
Ilka belnoat home.   One block
from Post Office.   Centrally located
H. A. WILKES,   •   Proprietor
PRL..AT AVI?,      -     •     -      FERNIE
A Flash of
Ib Jimt as lllcol/ to Btrlko
tho Iiouho of tha unlnmtrod
mun nu thnt of hla moro prudent neighbor. No building
I» Immune,
Better Have
Us Insure
)uu ..UU ii.i.O , li -i_WKlll.i.>
J.uiac at laciiuij to tlio _)0__e>,
Then you needn't worry ovory
tlmo thoro Ih ii thunderstorm,
Solo Agont for Fornio
leTanythi"r_g_get""us."~iTmust be"they'
own a movement and don't belong to
one. Pa don't believe in slavery, I
know he don't. He's a,Socialist,''_oo.
but he laughs and laughs lot's ■ of
"Oh, my pa and ma are Socialists,
too; but they don't laugh," '•' replied
Susie. "Winnie said the other day
she's a Socialist now, and she says I'll,
be one. She reads and reads about
the capitalists, and she don't laugh
now, neither. She's "getting the movement bad."
Nettle, tho oldest of'the trio, had,
for a few moments Veen listening and
thinking. "Papa wouldn't let us suf-
fer," she-said with; assurance. "Ho
wouldn't let anything hurt us. I
hoard him ono day toll mama that mo
and Grace must not bo worried jibout
tho great big things ho calls problems.
He snld little boys and girls should bo
happy, rind not think nbout big things
till thoy grow big, ■ My papa told my
mnmn that only tho glaij aro strong,
and said wo must grow up glad ho wo
can ,bo strong. Oh. I know this ls
true, for when I hnvo fun I feel so
strong I could lift anything; and tho
othor day whon papa camo homo and
said another Socialist wns oloctod ho
turned a handspring bocnuso ho was
Just, Bind."'
SiibIo turned to go. "I hnto tho
capitalists," sho said, "and tho Soclnl.
IbIs and tho strikers. I linto ovory'
thing thnt won't lot mo nnd Wlnnlo
and pn nnd ma bo hnppy," nnd with a
look of bUtcrriGUH sho wulkod out across llio inwn toward homo, At hor
own fftito sho paused, nnd looked back
nt tho Iiouho nlie lmd loft. "Maybe
pn nnd mn ain't Kot tho hnppy kind of
Soclnllsm," sho mild to liorsolf; "I
KU0B8 tlmt'n It."
Uy Jonoplilna ConpepKnnoko, Kdlto. of
Tlto ProgroHHlvo Woman.
14.    W.    W.DD0W80N, AiUNnytir nnrt
ChomUt, Hex C 1108, N«Unn, II. 0.
Cl.ii.Kmt:—CJold, Silver, I_t-o.il or Oripur,
11 ««ch. Oold-Hllvur. ur Hllvor-l.fiad,
|t.60. I'rlCf* for other mil-fill.. Conl,
__j._i_.it, l"lr«(l/iy .uiuljm.n om applleA*
tlnn- Tltr> Inriri'Mt nun lorn mnny ...M_»
In tirUlih Columbia.
Tho olil-fi.Hliloi.G.1 womnn Is ihihuIiw
nwny. Tho "modorn" womnn Ih nolth-
or tho ohl-rnohlnnoil womim .nor tlto
niuuv .vuiiiuii,. hue ih it inilisitlou
uV.'UiiJi.-, wllti ,. lililt: »_f lUfi olii I.JuoJ,
nnd nomo Infusion of lho now, In hor
vpIiih. 8h«v In a product of tho llmon,
nnd iih flimJt rofloctfl tho chiuiKliiK period of tho tlmoH.
'limo wuh wlK'ii ti woinnjfH lifo con-
Blotfld of fciur prrloilB—childhood,
brlof In point of tlmo, maidenhood,
nlno of flliort. duration. yntitiK matron-
hood, nnd—old uno. A woman of
thirty-all. fifty yoara iiko wnH nn "old
woman." OM ago for I'-onum then cov-
i.tci] u period of twontjr, forty, Blxty
yuan.. The very bet time of a wo-
nmii'B llfo whr pot nalilu for "old nn_o,"
Sho homme nn nttnrhim-nt on tho
ynwwfT (feneration ftrnwlng tip nbout
her, nml lived her life Into thelra im
b.Hi nlie rouM. Tfor <hlMriri urown,
she hnd no further rraaoit for ^st;;
on? effTciencV
- - By Theresa' #T Russell
It Has Finished Its Report and Some
Drastic Changes are  Recommended
The special commission appointed
by' the local legislature to enquire
into matters pertaining to Municipal
Government, and which held a sitting
in this city several months since, has
just concluded its final sittings in Van-
bia as well as visiting many cities
in Eastern Canada aiid the United
States. The greater part of tho day
of tlie last sitting was taken up in receiving recommendations from the Union of B. .C. Municipalities,' which recently met in ' convention' at Revel-
stoke. Some of the more Important
recommendations were:
1. That municipalities be divided
into cities of 20,000 and over, between
10,000 and 20,000, and district municipalities.
2. That no lands bo exempt from
3. Thnt tho "Commission Form of
Government" bo adopted in any municipality on a sufficient vote, of tho ratepayers.
4. That properly owners may voto
In ench ward in which they hold property. •
15. That municipalities bo , glvon
power to construct nnd operato tele-
phohoBystems; also to own nnd operate or grant franchises to omnibus
linos (motor), nnd trolly Hiiob within
tholr corporato limits.
7. That tho mayor's salaries bo fixed as follOWB!
Cities over 20,000 population not ox-
ccodlnpt fl.OOO a yoar.
Cltlos of from ti,000 to 10,000 population not exceed lug $1,000 a year,
Cities undor 5,000 population, not ox-
eoodlng $r.00 a your,;
The commission wns'nlso urged,to
enact In tho Municipal Dill legislation
clearly defining ,tho Jurisdiction of any
municipality regarding local Improve-
PAItlH, TJoc, SS.-—Tlio latoBl thing In
PiirlBlatt luxury Ib IicoIb, Nutfl nre
smnll nowadays hy .uhIiIoii'b decree
nnd nltliough nxlrnvngnnt amnn nre
paid for fen thorn, IiiiIb nro comparatively cheap.
Jowoled 1io()|r nre not bo, Bomo of
those boom at the Autoull rnco mooting
wero vory expensive, Tho hools wero
Rnt thickly with tiny brilllnntB, or
wjl.li ruhloB, opnto nnd emeralds, drcsB-
os of courso bolng woi-n short behind
ta allow them,
A iiH-inoi'iihlo Now Ynar'B gift Is a
pnlr of linols sol, with topnz nnd pro-.
Homed tu u utile 1-oiiIb XVI box. The
,iidi>o y ill us.ihiiui. ..oar uuo or two
rows of pdirlH or mnull ones net In the
form of n heart nt the Iiiwk of n firnr-
lot, blnck or deep mnuvo heel.
.Mr. Louis Brandsis,',a_. benevolent
aiid public spirited citizen of Boston,
has made a special study oMhe subject of efficiency. , He -'regrets that,
there is so,little of it used "in present
day life and industry.'; We waste our
lives he says in senseless' elaboration
and in the following of foolish chang-'
ing fashions. Our. industries are'conducted in a slack and wasteful manner.
Men do not put'their best effort Into
theiv v.-rk ■■
Mr. Brande;._ > lifht' in all of these
chars'^. Tlioy are ali true. But Mr
Brandiji3 d.es not know-why they are
true and that Is something any Socialist could tell him.     '
Men do not put their best effort
into their work today. They know
that no matter how efficient they become, but a small part of their increased efficiency will benefit themselves.
The greater part will go to the capitalist that employes them. Moreover,
the workers realize that under tlie
competitive form of industry increased
efficiency on the part cl a man or a
machine results merely in throwing
greater numbers of'their fellow workers out of a job. Under a co-operative
or Socialist form of industry increased efficiency would result,in shorter,
hours of labor and greater benefits to
all. . But we haye not Socialism as
yet. '' ■
-In other words, under.the present
competitive system there is no Incentive for .efficiency. LacK of incentive
is an overworked phrase which critics
like to apply to Socialism. It applies
more justly to the present capitalist
Under the present capitalist form of
industry let us say that a worker
makes daily the equivalent of five
pairs of shoes., He gets paid in wages $2—if he ls lucky. But the shoes
are worth $10 in the factory. The
consumer that finally wears the shoes
will probably have to pay_$4 or $5 for
them, but we will not" gov that far.
The worker with his $2 in wages can
,buy back and consume only $2 worth
of commodities. That is all that his
.wages will pay for. This leaves $8
worth of wealth, in the form of shoes
or whatever the product may be, for
the "capitalist. ^ But the capitalist has
only one pair of feet and in numbers
he is moreover . comparatively few.
He has onlyone bodyC; "to. clothe, one
stomach to feed. .. The latter it is
true often' appears to be inordinately
'larger But even with his'best efforts the capitalist as a class can not
consume all the wealth that is created.,for him by labor. Labor could
consume -its own product but Is not
allowed to, because the wages of labor
permty It to buy back only a fraction
of Its own product.
So we have what is known to economists as the'Unconsumed Surplus.
Every year all the countries of the,
world that are, by some perversion,of
speech, called "civilized," produce in
various forms of wealth' more than
they consume.
And lt ls to get rid of this uncon-
sumed surplus that wo waste our" lives
In the foolish elaboration that .Mr.
Brandeis deplores. It Is for this worthy
object that the "Ioac'ei-s" at Newport
must haye gold-stemmed cocktnil
glasses ono season nnd Jewel studded
ones tho next., This i,. tho reason
for tho enormous expenditures of
'salesmanship,'; for'the insane devices
of advertising, For this .reason continually chnnglng of stylos nro forcod
on tho market nnd the pitifully under-
pnld, shop girl Is forced to woar tight
sleeves ono yeiir nnd full-sleeves tho
noxt or run the' rlsk'of looking "nuoor"
nnd losing porhnps'hor chanco of mnr-
rlnge nnd hor job. For tho high object of finding a forolgn market tor
thia un consumed surplus capitalists
force wnrfl. Then under tho gulso of
"Patriotism" the workors of ono country murdor tho workora of nnotlior ln
hnttlo nnd help to (lestroy by tho aid
of thoso wars Bomo or tho wealth that
thoy havo produced nnd for Inck of
wiilch tholr fnmlllOB are Btarvlng nt
A favorite dofenco of capltdllBtfl
was formerly that "thoy glvo employment to labor.' ' MrB, ABtorbllt's $7B,.
000 dinner wnB Justified bocauue "bo
mnny pooplo woro glvon employment
in Ub preparation." In othor worcto
cnpltnllfltB porform tlto snmo hnnovo-
lent function as flroB and tornndooa,
They doBtroy what tlioy cannot con-
And In ovory largo city In thin "clvl-
listed" country humnn bfllngg aro Btarvlng nml froosslng to death for lack of
tholr own product which tho ln«ano
flyBtom called Capltnltom done not pen-
mlf. them, to consume
Flens, flnyn nomo .ihlloaophor, glvo
employment to a dog,    put no ono
,  ,■    it i ,i  , ■  i      ■-
VWt.u>r ... rnpltn. n VoTH-fll io 3wlw.
Tt Ib not alone employment that labor
wants, bnt a chanco to ghthor for him-
flolf the fruits of his work.
And all tho "offlclonoy" In tho world
Canad pan Pacific Rai I way
.AN N UA L „ E ASTERN      EXC URS.1.6 NSy;   ,
FERNIE to TORONT.O.and Return' :,.'..■..".'....".V- '..'$67.15
FERNIE to MONTREAL and,Return  .7 ;.."-.,\:.......;.$72.15 ,",
Corresponding tow rates to points in Ontario,' Quebec and. Maritime.^
1 -'-y 7    y"'-  ."   . 'Provinces     •     _    /""   ,   "\    r   ""•  7).
Tickets on'Sale December 1st-to 31st, inclusive. .Good''to "return :'
within three months.   LIBBRAJL -EXTENSION PRIVILEGES. "
Tickets issued in connection with-Trans-Atlantic trips, on. sale' Nov.} .
7th to Dec,31st inclusive, and limited to five months from.date'of,'
issue, with privileges of extension. ■   7 '    ' _   y
For full informatlon.rall and steamship tickets, apply to '-,....  ".■«•.■..
.   R. READING, Agent,,,Fernie, B.C.;-or write to R. <5.. McNELLIE,;V.
District Passenger Agent,-Calgary", Alta.'■   -"    .'. "''     '■ ";"'i
> ,.
Ucid Office
Oapitai. Paid Ui> -. ,.$3,000,000.
___.8KI.YK AND UNUIVIDKD PltOPITS     3,500,000,
Total Assets over 4S,ooo,ooo
Just as a succesBtui merchant makes every
effort to give his customers courteous, efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank
of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
every servise consistent with«conservative
banking practice.
No deposit is too small to assure the, de-,
positor considerate treatment—the' savings
accounts,of those in moderate circumstances
are welcomed with courtesy, and with absence of undue formality which makes banking a convenience and a pleasure.
F. B. Roberts, Ag.enr  .
Bellevue Alta.     .
Commercial House
,. ■   ,   Best accommodation in the Pass
,     v    Up-to-date — Every convenience
_, Excellent cuisine*
Suitable for Ladies & Gentlemen
H. B. Hineline
ioiiUl-tl   l.Ofth',      YkBll,   Dill   yoii   UlH-
fovor anything In Stiimp'* paat llfo
that wo cnn who against him?
Detective. Not n thing. All ho did
hoforo ho come lioro wnn, to soil awn-
Pollllcnl Uohh: Why, thni'n joit
what wo wont! , Wo'll my thnt ho hw.
hoon mlvfd up (p nomo decidedly
*liady traiiMaiiioiiH.
Shilohs Cure
i»lii/f> wiuuug vv.icu, n csvrt
7 Next to Fernie Hotel
from $15.00 to $50.00
Head Off That Cold
Do not let a cold run awny with you,   Assort your
rights by fighting a cold with tho propor wenpon. ■
Tho bost wny to hoadoff a cold(1 and ovorcomc itM
is by taking
Laxative Bromide Quinine Tablets
Tlio handy and convonient form in which thoso
tablets arc made render them pleasant to tako and
offoctivo in results. Fifty cliocolato-coatod tab-
lots in oach box. Will break up a cold in loss than
24 hours." 25c, per Box.
C i
fy f
wore the FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because thoy aro THB BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy thorn all the tlmo at
8AM ORAHAM, Maniger
ond—until lie gets rid of tlio floni.
8T, PBTBIlSmma. nno 2.1-Boarch.
m Uy tlx. lK-lUa of various coUi!K«:»
but notobly tho twelfth gyronaRlum
which <!om\miulwilMtl with the aiuioino
morn, of tho Minlttor of Initructlon, L
V. C««_ki bhto rcvoti]e.i), It I* «ald,
nlcMIy rovolutlonnry mcotlnRg, of itu-
dontn.. Thoro nro ronton, nlso of n
Dlot,    Hundred* of arroiU lt&T« Immui
Lumber for all
hero at nny" tlmo and In Any
quanlty.     You cannot iwomp ,
ui with ft largo order, or dive
. ut so ■mall a one tbat wo will
not attend to It.
for any kind of building you
may t>« at work upon,  Havo
ua und you what you want
when you want it.
OPriOC __n_l YARD, MeFNIIItO-.   AVt, OPP. O.N. DIPOT, flNNIt
• 7,.fc%i'
, -.7SXS-S
W i*-,i^rv"-l*.!l*,
v *,:
HWf.- - J r- _>
■*.     .'-
/•..: ?.
<* o y •.
-.!,.■ , .yy«,-
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
. Liniment
Professional Mid-Wife
When in Spokane   see 'Dr. Mary
Swartz, Specialist in Female Troubles.
.Expert "confinement    cases;    good
' " ~      -,-'■-.     * '  '       '.  -   -,
.home for patients. • •
Di. Mary Swartz .
Galena Blk., Room 5, Post and Riverside, Spokane, Wash. '° '
You're always welcome here
—- ___ !	
; t '
iQlean Rooms, Best of
Food and every
cTHOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
The Hotel
One of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.   .
n Brothers
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings , ■
"I Can't Quit"
Is  the   cry .of  the   Drinking   Man—
~Nea|-Treatment Is the Help he~ Needs
■  Ethical,aid which takes away liquor
appetite—Given at the Neal Institute.
.'  Mrs.   EDITH   BENT,   Manager.
,   Cranbrook, B.C.
Box 325... Phone 273
*^**********^HK-****** ****
Agent    Fernie    Branch
Pellatt    Ave.    North
¥*¥* Af.********* ^j**********
Or. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable Preach leffulatori never falls, Tlicae
pills are exceedingly powerful ln regulating tlie
jflfeneratlve, portion ol thfl female Bystcm. Retime
all cheap imitations, Dr, de Tan'i are sold at
fBr. box, or threo (or 110. Mailed to nny add cess,
Tha Scobell Drug Co., tit. Catharines, Ont.
Meals that tasto liko
mother used to conk
Best in the Pass
Joi. Grafton, Proprietor,
Maple Leaf
Coleman, Alta.
Central location, close to
Football grounds and   .
Tennis Court
When in Coleman give us
a call
Good assortment of candies
and fancy boxes
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
'Wlelu dogmatycznym nowicyuszoin
socyalizmu zdaje ste, iz obecnie teorye
socyalistyczne maja juz gotowe, pat-
entowane medycyny na wszystKo. Mie-
szkaja.'oni na Ubopii i marza wiecz-
nem braterstwte wsystklch dobrze slo
majacych 1 zapomnialych o wszelkich
walkach ludzi.
Koniec walki klasowej oznacza u
nich koniec wszelkich zapasow pomie-
dzy ludzml, poniewaz braterstwo zas;
tapi dzisiejsza konkurencye.
Pomlnawszy juz te kwestye, Iz obo-
blstoj jednostkowej konkuren cyl nlkt
nie wytepi, mozna ja tylko uregulowac
1 zmniejszyc, poniewaz chory bedzie
zawsze zazdroscil zdrowemu, brzydki
—pleknemu, a mnlel zarablajacy wie-
cej zorabiajacemu (socyalizm przecie
rownej zaplaty nie obiecuje), ale w
naturze nlc nigdy nie spoczywa, ale
albo sie rozwija, lub niknie, wlec i
socyalizm bedzie sie ciagle przekszta-
lcac ulepszac i rozwijac.
Socyalizm nie Jest oslatnim portem
szczesliwosci, do ktorego ludzkosc nie-
zadlugo doplynie 1 bedzie tam odpoczy-
wala do nteskonczonoscl.
tozeli rzady monarchiczne licza,sobie kilka lysiecy lat zycia i przeszly
caly szereg zmian,—od takjej wladzy,
jaka posiadal ludozerca kn.1 Dahome-
ju, az do taklego' monarchy figuranta,
jak norweski, ktory posiada bez poro-
wania mniej wladzy, niz prezydent
Stanow Zjednoczonych—to przypuszc-
zac wolno, iz socyalizm bedzie illegal
jeszcze wiekszym poprawkom, zmian-
oin 1 ulepszeniom.
Nie trzeba zapominac, .ze wlasnie
przy systemic socyalistycznym, indy-
widualizm sie wzmoze (obesnie tylko
klasy wyzsze zyja zyciem idywidual-
nem)' gdy socyalizm wyzwoli wszyst-
kie jednostki, skroci im czas pracy i
doda srodkow, a to wiasnie powo la je
do  zycio- indywidualnego.
Socyalizm obecny, majac na widoku
glowiiie walke klas, raalo co sobie robi
z roznic rasowycli i, naro'dowych, a
tnkze z geografii. Tymczasem, rasy
sa wytworem starszym J bardziej tr\v-
alym od klas spolecznych; "maja one
zrodlo w warunkach przrodzonych kuli
magac beda ciaglego leczenia', jak tego
wymagachoroba' klasowa.
Socyalizm uswiadamla robotnl kow,
aby iprzez walke klaBOwa zniszczyll
same klasy, ale tym sposobem ■ kwes-
t'yj rasowycli sie nie rozwlaze."
Nowoczesrie lekarstwo, ktore socy-
alisci maja na kwestye rasowo, to
je3t pozwolcnio kazdemu/ na'rodowi
rzadwzlc sie w swoich entnograficzn-
ych granicach,' a kwe stye sporne roz-
strzygac przez glosowanle' po\yszechne
Interesowanych raleszkancow jest ws-
paniale 1 jedynle praktyczne;—ale to
lekarstwo prawdopodobnle wy slarczy
pomlodzy imrodaml kaukaslej rasy,
gdy ta cala dojrzeje do socyallstycz-
negp, ustroju.
Ale jak poznlej uloza sic stosunkl z
rasa ssoltn, ktora wprost z despotyzmu,
przoskoczyla pare stopni i stanela u
progu kapltalizmu, a szczcgolnlo z rasa
czar na ktorn ma znocznlo mniej mo-
Kgu, aby wylrzymnc stosunok „br(it-
erskl" z blala? _, ' y
Nowa Zelandya ma obocnlo raail nr\j.
wlocej zbllzony tlo programu Bocynlls.
tycznego minimal nego, a 'jodnakze
tnmtojsl blall obytwatelo'Vytrz'eblll
mlejscowych mleszkancow Maorlsow
Ink snmo jak YnnkoBy—czorwonoBlto-
Czy blall socynllBd, gdy z wlol 1dm
trudom wywulcza soblo nowy ind,' nlo
Bclngnn na sleblo xiudroBol 1 nlo beda
zuliuil przoz barbnvzyncow, jiik to hIo
juz przy trnfllo z Qrooyn, Uzymem 1
Luilzlo cywlllzoman, nlo lubla mlec
duzo dzieci, natouiiiist :\\zm.u ia:.y lug-
nu bIi> Jnk nzoziiry proporcyonulrilo do
ol>rol«i~W tym oKtntnlm faltclo ltryjo
slo caly Rzcrog ujnmuycli nlcBpodzlu
nek, dla rozwoju ludzkoHcl,
La scorsa settimana una forte un-
ione di lavoratori amoricanl rinse una
vittoria che fu tanto grande quanto
silenziosa. Sosl silenziosa che' ap-
penase ue ebbe sen tore da magri tra-
filetti nei giornali quotidani, tra la ru-
mosa cronaca degli assassin!! e delle
avventure galanti.
Trehtamila ferrovierl macchini sti,
lavoranti su 52 compagnie fer roviarie
poste all-Est dl Chicago, ottenriero .da
un comitato arbitrate un" sostanziale
aumento di salarlo unito a garanzia dl
un minima dl paga stablllto. °
Le compugnle ferovlarie preBero sal-
veza In un comitato arbltrale per evi-
tare uno sciopero che avrebbe, in
meno di una settlmuna, affamato le
piu's grandi citta dell'Bast degli Stati
Uniti procurando il dan no dl milioni di
dollari alle compagnie stesse.
Le compagnle, in verita, non aspet-
tarono lo sciopero; lie ebbero abbastanza della minaccia e questa mlnaccia
grave-'' sopra tutto' il corsb delle trat-
tative in seno al comitate- arbitrale
sino a dare la vittoria agll operal.
Abblamo qui uno dl quei casi in cui
la minaccia dl sciopero vale tanto
quanto lo sciopero stesso., La perfez-
ione' dell'organizzazione arriva a sosti-
tuire la battaglia stessa e a dare senza colpo ferire./la vittoria alia; classe
operaia. E' un presso a poco cio'
che' avviene nell'arte della guerra tra
le nazioni. „ I popoli sl lasciano meno
facilm'ente trarro alia guerraoggl. la
perfezione della armi preannuncia una
catastrofe troppo spaventosa per but-
tar'si in simill imprese. Mai nella
storia, come in questi ul 1ml decenni,
la sola minaccia di guerra evito' tante
Le lotte tra capitale e lavoro ac-
quistano sempre maggior imponen'za;
il danno che il capitalismo riceve ac-
qulsta proporzioni sempre1 piu' colossal!. II territorio implicate in uno
sciopero va sempre piu' estendenosi;
prima erano af fotte soltanto delle bor-
gate o del le citta; ora sono degli stati
Intieri; domani'saranno dei continen-
ti. Prima scendevano.sul campo delle categoric isolate di operai; .ora
scendono in campo gli operai di industrie intere; domani saran no schiera-
menti di organizzazioni internazionali.
Dove .oggi il capitale ardisce ancora
accetta're la battaglia, domani sl di-
Tutto dipendera dalla perfezione dell'
unionismo operaio.
I maechlnisto ferrovlari sono organ-
izzati alia perfezione ed ora hanno po-
tuto vincere senza combattere. Ora
hanno avuto il compenso ai sacrifici
che l'Unfone costo' loro ed hanno con-
statato di quale valore sla no] momcnlo'
decisivo la disclplina delle loro schi-
L'unionismo compatto e solldo e un
fucile sempre carlco e pronto contro
11 nemlco; con obso potete lnchlodnre
al mum quando voleto 11 capltallsmo.
L'unloniBino fiacco o discorde e un fucile vuoto che 11 capltallsmo ,vl strap-
pa di mano o vl rompe sulla testa.
L'unlrsI e dl prima importanza; lo
scloporo o dl un'lmportanza second-
aria. Coirunlonismo potrote vincoro
nncho senza sciopero; ma collo scloporo senza unionismo perdereto som-
1 (Ten    years ..ago—Anthracite coal
strike, December, 1902.) '    ,      .
"The rights and interests of the
laboring man will be protected and
cared for, not by labor agitators, but
by the Christian men to whom God
in His infinite wisdom has given control of the property interests of the
country."—George.F. Baer, president
Anthracite Coal Trust.
to cut four to five rooms per eight-
hour shift, 7and the company is thoroughly satisfied with the results it is
obtaining. The ' width of the rooms
under these conditions does not influence the "number of rooms that
can bs cut, as most of the time is lost
in manoeuvering and setting the'machine, " After the cutting is started,
an extra width of 10 or even 20 feet
in the room would not seriously af-
feot the total time necessary to complete the room. Operators who have
attempted to (jut coal on a heavy pitch
will apreciate ,,the difficulties of cutting on the 23 deg. pitch at this 'mine.
—Coal Age. , .
In the prehistoric age, when this world
was a ball of mist—
A seething swirl of something unknown in the comet's list—
When the earth ,was vague with vapor
and formless and dark and void;
The sport of the wayward comet—the
jest of the asteroid;
Then the singing stars of morning
chanted soft: "Keep out there!
Keep off that spot that is sizzling hot
—it is making coal for Baer."
When the pterodactyl ambled'(or fluttered or swam or jumped)
And the plesiosaurus armbled, all careless of what he bumped,
And the other olt-tlme monsters who
.lived on land and sea,
And didn't know what their names
were any more than today do we;
Wherever they went they heard It:
"You fellows keep out of there'
That place that shakes and quivers
and quakes—is making coal for
The Carboniferous era consumed but a
million years;
It started, when earth was shedding
the last of her baby tears,
When still she was swaddled softly in
clumsily tied-on clouds,
-When the stars from the shops of Nature   were   being   turned    out    in
Dut high o'er the favored section the
sign said to all, "Beware!
Keep back of the rope's that surround
these  slopes;   they're  making-coal
.   for Baer."
We ought, fo be glad and joyous, we
ought to be filled with glee,
That millions and millions of ages gone
—back further than Adam or Eve,
The icthyosaurus halted and speedily
took his leave; - ,   v
That so it was saved for all of us, cthe
spot with the sign: "Beware!
This plant is being run by Earth and
_iO. NAME BBC. and P. 0. ADDRESS
28 DftnUhoad  F. Wherttloy, DanltheBd, AHa,
(21 Usavcr &'<,_-!_....... L. Kuiuy, .*vuvur crtwt., via ir'inctier
41.1 nMlp.vun .Tnmoj Bujlfi', Dtw SS, Jklkitm  Aiu,
1168 Illalrmoro /, W. I* Evans. niBlrmore, AUa.
1149 Burml J. Derbyihlr*. HurmU, AUa.
3827 Carbondale........ J, Mitchell, Corbondalo, Colomnn, Alta,
1887 Canmore N. D. Thtio hulc, Cnnmoro, Alta.
C _ "5 -_wi.i_.At__ ,.   W. fit _......_., VOifclUftil, Ail*.
•8877 Corbln  3, Jonea, Corbln, B.C.
1126 Chinook Mine 3, Ban ton], Chinook Mine*, Alta.
1178 Diamond Olty Albert Znk, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
J3H Penile , Thoa. Uphill, Pernle, D. C.
J283 Frank...,, I.van Morgan, Prank, Alta.
1407. Mourner  W. DaMera rnrr*», ffonmer, Jl. C.
lOf.S lillloreat    George I) amborough, Hlllcreit, Alta
574 lethbridge I* Mooro,    1791, fiWth Avonuo, Norfh r.Afhbrldgp,
118ft Lothbrldge Colllerlea Frank Da rinjrliam, aec, via., Klpp, Alt*.
1829 Maple Leaf Robert Taylor, Maple I^iaf. Dellerue. Alta.
UU Michel.. - M. Outre!!, Michel, B. a
. iill r*atbnrg  A. Zuikar, Paaaburg, Alta,
flM Reyal View Geo. Jordan, noyal Oellierlef LetfcbTtdge, Alta.
tM» T»W  A.  Paffereen, T*Jw»r, Alfa.
let Tabe* W«i FArenh Taber,iUlta.
Sunrwd is malting coaTforTBaer.
Whllo you're not
fool enough lo
anotch at evory
"euro" bubblo that
is flaunted beforo
you, you know a
, bualnota talk to
bualiuiHs men whon
you boo It—ol»7
Now, thia Ik a
biialneM ..rrn.i.u.i.1—
ono thnt relatea to your health. Look
hero: It, bocaune of oxcgbior or for
other reaaona, your health le Impaired
—your youth acerna lo have slipped
awny from you—you're not the man
flod flnt wade you—then her«'e vour
TRRY aavea men'a phyilral bolng*
from utter ruin, renowa the aprlng of
earlier daya In the atep, Bonds a flow
of enervating blood couralng through
every artery and vein—atopa Injurious
loaact. ami cure* affected ormann. No
aclda to burn—electricity does It all.
Write at once for particular* to
Center 7th Ave. and _inf t.tr#«l K„
Tho claBs-consclous farmors' organ
"The Weekly Sun," attributes ono of
the causes of tho Increase in tho cost
of living to labor organizationh In-
cronslng wages.     I3o that ns It may,
the working man Is robbod of tho produce of his labor to a greater extent
than  tho fnrmor,     We  havo ninny
communities In Ontario   whom   tlio
majority of tho citizens are retired
farmers,   a   considerable portion  of
them bolng In robUBt mlddlo ago, but
tho writer has nover lionrd of n community where ono might find a ron-
Bldorahlo number of, retired working
men, even In old .ige, , Tho lot of tlio
average working mnn Ih to work null!
hn cnn work no longor, and, owing lo
tho domnnd for labor ln an undeveloped country being In oxrefls of tho
supply, pome useful ocupatlon cim ho
found for lilm ns long ni hn hna imf>
flclent physical onorgy loft to toiter
nround on IiIh fret.    It is tho prncllco
of lho "Weokly Sun" to got nftcr lho
big c(i|)ltallsta   with   vigorous Invcc-
t|vo, for combining to rob the farming community of n largo share of
tlio wealth It creates.    In this chnrnc-
terlatlc   class-conscious   fnshlon,   thn
"8un," however, looks nt the working
mnn nnd his rights puroly from the
standpoint of tho Utile capitalist—a
legitimate subject   for    exploitation,
Ontario farmers are badly advised In
taking   an   unsympathetic   attitude
towards worklntr men.    The wontwi
farmors organization appreciate that
-ti._ro is a airong community of economic interest existing between working
farmors and working men and that it
will be necessary for them to net together to destroy tho -common foe.—
Uio C_iru._n.in Co-Operator.
Today—Anthracite Coal Trust Dis
solution, December, 1012.
Philadelphia, Dec. 16.—The decision,
so far as I am able to judge from the
reports received, sustains the compnny
with the exception of tho G," per cent
contracts and 'the holding of the Temple Iron Company Stock.
I have always been indifferent as,
lo the 05 per cent contracts. As to
the Temple Iron Company decision,
this Is also a matter of indifference to
mo. The Heading systom nover had'
any of the coal traffic from theflo min-
es. Tho proporty ls a valuable one,
and wo will sell our Btook at a largo
profit to anybody who wants It!—
Goorgo P. Baer on tho dissolution of
tho Anthracite Conl Trust by the United States Supremo Court.
The Result
Now Yorkj Dec, 17.--The stook of
the Reading Company has jumped
from 1158.4 to 160 slnco the decision
was announced, n gain of nearly to
"Coal" Comfort for the Public
Now York, Doc. 17.—Tt- Ih not expected that thoro will ho nny reduction in
the prlco of anthrnclte conl Is coimo-
nuonoo of the recent decision of tho
Supremo Court. Tho decision was
construed by Wnll Streot as a tlieoro-
Ileal victory for the govornmont nnd a
prnotlcal victory for tho rnllrondB a-
gainst whom the suit wns brought.- -
Press Item lo be found in any Now
Yoik dally.paper of foregonlg dato.
Resolution for the "Consumer,"
Thnt wo theoretically rejoice In iho
theoretical victory won ngnlnst tho
trust, and will endouvor to the limit of
our nullity to lu>f'p ourselves theoretically warm upon It dining tlio coming
Golden Text
Hlcssed are th« meoli, for tlioy aliftll
Inherit tho land.—.V. Y. Call.
The question Ih often asked ns to
tho pitch on which mnchlnos cnn ho
successfully used for undercutting
conl. The most extreme ense that
has como under   my   observation Is
that nf »h«» 111c 1f«Hv Polllorin* f'n nl
Klrhy, Wyo., where tho soam pitch**
Xi deg. This mine la laid out on the
panel system, entries being driven
straight down tho dip and rooms turn*
ed to tho right and loft on the strlko.
Thus the machines com* Into th<*
rooms en the level and ait up und
down tho 23 deg. pitch, which Is so
heavy that any loose pnrta will slldo
down, and lho utmost caro la necessary In ;imanoeuvering the machine.
The machine! used nre thc flood-
mnn and B-.tllvan t> .* hl.oa._aU .._;._.
hlnes; a chain breast machine could
v>t aunty  Ui utMd undt.r I.u-ho rondi-
The bottom is good and com-
A. McDougall, Mgt
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
When you can own
your own home?
We  have for sae
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coe-
man at a prices.  We
can suit your income.
Ca  and see us.
Realty Co.
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
.'. 'i
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed  ..        6,000,000       Capital  Paid  Up           6,460,000
Reserve  Fund'         6,460,000       Total Assets ,    72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Prea.,
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed'on deposits at current rate from, date of deposit. .
FERNIE BRANCH >       GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
Insurance, Real Estate
■''       '       ■->—. -     ... --.        r; —,—_sssy_T_?._.- ...—     rzzzz
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
It is ii.jvcr too lute to act upon January resolutions.
Ft' you have not yet opened yonr WV,) Havings account
wiih tlie llomo Batik, do so now. One dollar opens
an ut:<!ouiit, and yon havo your'bank hook, with tho
money lo your credit, yon wjl! likely keep on saving
odd dollars all year,
MAODONAI-I), ManiiKi'i'.
Branches nnd connections' -';.;
througlioVi C*ui4«'
'...NIB, R(i.   -iS'r^, yy
1   ■'      .VBti
PATHS,    Pec.  23.—An    Automatic
parachute for atrehtpa '«&» dtiftuftiirated from the Eiffel To*er Munflay. The
cuutilvuucu, v.UlcU CUUIlUtH lit .. VHHt
umbrella 40 feet in diameter, It spread jtlon*.
by A system of aprinei opera, in fi: In- |«raHvely regular, and th<* roalU quH#
tlantanonimly and aatomatlmlly. con- j froe-citttlnir.
trolllnjt the fall. A aar.iH._iK was! It fa natorally found much oanW
drci;'ped from tbe founh platform of, uh«u no aertous dlffl. uliy U eiicoun.
tUc towcv Guu-la.' to' uvi^^ui i_,i_(icrtil lu cuiUatt ili>*u, Cutlet Ww**
| aviator. \ <-ondllle.nl It hat been found practical
Tin. n. rri>« control rill action* of th* hody to that any
tliliiKllmt doblllUUn litem Mill WMkon ull ont«M of
tlm nyatftn, Early Indlimtlont ami Eimmm h»._
ruluod tliouandu of proinlnuu yr.un« m«a, Uaaaltnd
DralmiM p thi'lr vigor and vltulity an Jtli.yno«rUa»«lop
to o proiwr condition of inmiliood, Tliey romalo ««ak>
llntts niouUtlly, |.hy»loall/ and M«u»lly/ H*w ycMfMlT
Arnyrm ticrvout und wr*lf, iWpondent and |looray,
N|>coLii|N'ror«tlioeye« Kill, dvirk circlet under Uuun,
wnakliiicl-, kldnoyilrrlUU«, pa!|iltai|(.n of tha hfturt,
Uvlif ul, (lablllutlnf drtami. wnJImtnt In urlna, pimplw
on tit. (ace, tyea iuul.cn, hollow ebethi, careworn •«•
proimloi., ]Kor memory, llleleu, dlitruitful. lack tneffy
nml ilreniih, tlrad mornlnir«, rettleM nlanta, chant*.
oUemoctla, premature decay, bone paint, hair looea, ate.
r\.uu-.Vi Vv„«:•,:...i.v.i Viv.- ?mi.j T.-.i^-a is
We hare treawd _««««»•» of Men, ror almoeta ttita-l
tltutt aud do not We to tiperimeut Cootult usi
raw, or CHAKGB
nnd wa will UU you whether you are curable er noil
1 We vawaalae awfaUa aaiei «f
FrM Boaldet m Okeaiei wf Men. If wuU* to «a0|
wrtta fer
Cor. Michigan Ave. and GrUwold St.,  Detroit, Mlth_
^^■■n___bIHIITII^P ^n Jrtltr» from Canada wiurtIw addreasecl
■^■^IIVI llf Et to our Canadian Correspondence Depart*
IW^W ' ___■_■■■ ment in Windsor, Ont. If ym dtsire to
aee ns personally call at onr Medical Institute (n Detroit ai wc aee and treat
•• tjettats in our WirwIeoT offices which are for Correspondent* fend
I_aboritoty for CantdUn t««lnt« only.   A'lArn* all UUtrt M fotkmt:
Writ* fer ear private tAlreee.
We*J*if•! Nerreee Sretees
■ V.
_■_____■ Vy*J    * *-^-J^f-.M    "*       '   ^ 1 y
:, }*'■'*»{ ' "'"
-. • i. . t, i ..
>_    TV
u--> —.     :
*> ■
The Annual New Year's Treat of Gandies, Nuts, Raisins arid Fruit will foe given at
the store New Year's morning at 10.30 o'clock.     Every child in Fernie is expected.
Immediately after the New Year we will start our annual Stock-
Taking Sale. Great preparations are being made to have this
Sale the Greatest Money Saving Event of the year.    Don't miss it
■ tl
Grocery Specials
White Beans ."...-.' , '8 lbs.    150
Cream of Wheat - 2 pkg.    ,35
Rival Wheat Flakes 7 5 lb. pkg. with china    .35 '
Utility Milk, 20 oz. tins  3 for    .25
Blue Ribbon Coffee .,....■ '.. 1 lb. tin    .40
Lowney 's Cocoa  " y2 lb. tin    .20
Lombard Plums, 2 lb. tin  i. .2~t.ns for    .25
Apricots - 3 lb. tins    .25
Evaporated Apples 2 lb.    .25
Navel Oranges   , per doz. .25 to .50
Finnan Iladdie 2 ib.    .25
Five Rose Flour  .98 lb. jute sacks $3.25
Gold Drop' Pastry Flour t .-19'*lb $1.75
Upton's Jam ' 5 lb. tin    .55
A Hccpfiy and
New Year
to All
Grocery Specials
Sherriffs Jell;/ Powder  '. ^;..........3 pkg. , .25
I rystal Lard ...'. '7. \ j .5 lb. tin   .35
Empire Ham per lb:    .23
Mixed Nuts ....,'.'..: : 7.... per lb.f ;:20
Wagstaff's Plum Pudding ...,.: -  1 lb.'   .35
P.. ■ C. Granulated Sugar 20 lb. sack $1.30
Tot lei r» Special Tea :.: M lb. pkg.-' .35
Tetley's Bulk Tea , „ .' ■...., 3 lb. $1.00
C-Uiued Tomatoes, 3 lb '..'... '..  ..... ."3 for    .RO
English Malt Vinegar -per. qt.    .25
Onions .......o...'..-10  lbs.    .25
Cabbage per lb. •  .2Y2
Turkey  .. _ .: per ib. ■ -■ .35
Chicken , per lb.    .25
<*  The
Store ojT
Local and Personal
A marriage licence was granted to
Jobn Wm. Westoby, of Fernie,, and
Mary Jane Drake, of London, England.
Detective Drapor and T. H. Reagen,
special detective of tbe Great Northern, with,headquarters at Whlto Pish,
Mont, were ln town during the week.
A fow of the., Hosmor hot bloods
wore in town on Christmas Evo nnd
paid into tbo city coffers $5.00 and
costs each for their evening's enter*
talnmont. .,
Tho schools broke up for the Christmas holidays inst Frldny, und somo of
tho tonchers left to spend tholr vacation elsewhere. Miss Hogan wont to
Edmonton, Miss Macieod nnd Miss
Turner to Calgary, and Miss Coghuul
to Blairmoro. MIhs Connlclc has ro-
olgnod nnd Is now In Medicine Hal,
where sho will shortly net nmrrlod lo
Mr. Macdonnld, of tho Pominlon 1.x-
proBS Co. Mrfl. 13lley hns also Hover-
ed her (jonnoction with Uio school anil
Intends leaving shortly for Vancouver,
whero she will join tho Normal
tkhoo). MIhh KiuilUn.y hns hor sis-
tor, who Is teaching in tho public
nchoolH, Cranbrook, utnylng with hor
for tho holidays,
J. S. Volume asks us to state that
ho has definitely and finally decided
not to run for the mayoralty.
Chief Hall is in Coleman spending a
few days, and Constable Amberman Is
during his absence acting chief.
The pollco officers or Fornio, tho
warden ,and Janitor of the City jail
acknowledge with thanks tho cigars
and other Christmas cheer which was
sent to them.
Thore wero ten Inmate's of tho jail
on Christmas Day* and thanks to tho
gonoroslty of Trltes-Wood, 'll Meat
Market, Homo Da leery, J. H. McEwen
nnd AJd, J, firoley, an excellent dinner
was enjoyed by them.
Constable Gorman took four prisoners to Nelson, on Sunday,
I-HWRYLUK.—Died.on December 22,
Sadie Hiwryluk, aged 20. The funeral took placo on December 24th from
tho' Roman Catholic ' Church, Father
Michels officiating. Mrs. Peter Swed-
eski is a sister of the deceased,
JOUJ-IA—Died on December 2-lth,
Julos Germain Joulla, nged. 35. Fun-
oral look place on December 20, from
tho Roman Catholic Church,j Father
O'Noll officiating,
A.- very happy wedding took placo
Saturday ovonlng, December 21 sl, nt
the homo of Mr. Joseph Ratcllffe in
the Annox Extonsiop, when their daughter, Miss Marian Jnunot was married to Mr. John Cunllffo. The bridegroom wns supported by Mr Peter Rat-
(illffo, and tho brldo by Miss Annie
Muiiroo, Many friends woro present
and all sut down to a sumptuous wedding supper. The mnny hnndHonio
presents wero a lokon of the high oh-
loom in which the young couplo aro
held In tho community. Rev, J. V.
nimmlck officiated.
■ NOG L—Died at Mlciiei, on Decern ber
24th, A. Nogi, Funeral takos place
on Friday afternoon at 2 o'clock.
Thomson anil Morrison hnvo the nr-
rangoinontB In hand,      , i
Chief Minty rocelvod a wire
from Constablo Gorman on Thursday
ovenlng about 7.30 thnt a man" named
Hurry Keys wns kllloil by freight, ou-
glno No, I ICO on tlio track between
JiUfruy and Elko. Coronor Wilkes
nf Ferule, lr«rt for Jnffrny this morn-
lug, where lie will hold an Inquest.
Mrs. Annie Adams, mother" of the
world famous Miss Maud Adams, has
arrived here on a professional visit,
and this announcement bespeaks a
rare treat for the local theatre-goers.
Mrs. Adams occupies a unique position.on the American stogo nnd is to:
dny recognized ns one of America's
greatest character actresses. She has
been In retirement In Salt Lake City
for soveral seasons and Is on tho road
now only through hor grent love for
tho stage and because "Tho Butler's
Sccrot," which was written especially
for hor, appealed so much to her, Tlio
piny Itself ls absolutely new nnd hns
been pronounced by critics ns one of
the best political dramas that hns
boon producod in the last deeado,
Mrs. Adnms Is well supported hy a
good compnny, among thorn being Wll-
ford Leo,-who hns a'splendid reputation us lending man with somo of the
best companies. The scenic equipment of the piny Is very elaborate,
The engagement Is here for one night
only—To-night, Friday, Docombor 27,
at the Grand Thontre.
On" Saturday morning lnq't the news
of the death'of E. E. Westby, cashier
of the Great Northern Railway, came
as a shock to lho community. At
about 10,45 on Friday night two'young
men called at'tho office of the Chlof
of Police giving the first Information'
regarding the unfortunate occurrence.
Thoy had been walking towards Fernie
on the Great Northern track, and when
near the yards linu found a pnrt of a
man's body on the track. - It would
appear that the body had been dragged
somo distance oy tho froight train, and
'Aiyi. •  y:
lt.  ... ysMflf.(;:*,*y
♦tow v/1******* *
With th* Rtx Vaudcvllla Compnny «. th# Gr*nd TM_i.r.j on 9atur.f?y night.
Don't miss "The Cnpturo of Snntn
Claim" nt tho Prosbytoriai. Church on
Monday evening. December 110th, at
8 p,m, The children's iitnioiU nxpoc<
tatli-iis nro to ho ronllzod, for not only
will (lie elusive Snntn CIiiiih bo captur-
(id, Init his Frost Fairies nnd Clilm-
noy Hives (not to mention Old Jnek
FroHt), will ho prosont nnd will entertain un right royally. And "tlmt
Wondorful CliriHtmaH riol" AilultB,
'lui'.; Chlldron, free,
On Monday night Inst, the 23rd Dec,
nt tho conclusion of tho first run of
pictures, the drawing for tho prizes in
connection with the Worklngmnn's
Club took plnco, and resulted ns folio.vb:
coming in contact with the first' switch
bad beii torn loose from the pilot of
the engine After the train had passed over the body it was left frightfully mangled, t The funeral took placo
from-tlie Baptist Church on Monday,
December 23.
The deceased was au nctlvo worker
In tho Baptist Church here, and Is well
spolceii' of by .all who know him, ' He
was n native of England, and came to
Fernio about six years ngo. Ho loaves
a wife nnd throo children, for whom
the slncorost sympathy of .tho entire
community Is felt.
Workors Arm Valued at
$10,0&8 Cy Jury
NEW YORK. Doo, 23.—A Jury hns
returned » verdict for Jl 0,000 ln tho
cuho of Hormnn tiunthor against tho
Now York Mutton and Venl Comnnnv.
Uunther had his right arm caught fn
tho flywhool of a refrigerating engine
on January 20, 1011. Ho wns In tho
Flower Hospital for two monthi. after
tho nccldent.
Justico Pendleton of tho Supremo
Court, Trial Term, refuutil to set anlile
tho verdict on account "exremlvo"
U..iuuKeM, utt tiki* dtifei.ili_i.r_. lawyer re.
quest. It is probablo thnt the com;
pnny will try to appeal the cane.
Tho Now York Mutton and Veal
Compnny wn* aned for fzn.floo, but thc
jury thought U (oo much and grantee
the .ujV,.£d uui. UU.OOa,
W. Orr, Fornlo 	
John Combo, Conl Creok .,
P, Dawson. Coal Crook ,..,
Iktdslo Reos, Fornlo Annex
t Hlin Pnrlnr," f.^-ntc
ft* p-
Wm. Rnllnv, Pernio	
.Inn. Clnrko, Went Fornle .
J. Ungdoii, Conl Creole ...
KU Hnrdy, Fornlo Annex .
X. Rtn nrt rid i'e  TTnnrnrir
P Atkinson, Fernio Annex.
3. T. TlnuRh, Conl Creek...
John Hovfln, Pernio Annex
J. F, Rlnghnm, Fernio ...
♦ mm
Alice Ro«i, Fornlo Annex .
J. 'J'. Hobb, Fornlo Annex .
J. T. Till, W«»t Fernio ...
3, hyom, W<e«l Pernio .,.
\V. Dewdney, F«-rnln	
J, Atkinson, Coal Creek.,.
K. KngHah, Coal Creek .,,
*"««ftjji__|  ^M
Isis Theatre
Wishes you a Happy and Prosperous New Year
On. Wednesday-',next,   New  Year's,^
Day, the annual Dog Sleigh Races for
the children will - take place on Vic;
lorla Avenue.^   The course ' vwlll,. be ''
rrbm the Presbyterian''Church, to tho
Imperial Bank Corner.     There wll bo .'
prizes for all. contestants,(- so those
who have slow ' dogs neod have no
hesitation    ia   bringing them along.
Tho riicos will start at three o'clock.
John Voiumo will act as judgo and M.
A, Kastner as official starter., '
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
FOR SALE—Thro-roomed Houso
nnd Shnck on lot." Apply W. Stirrup,
MaBon Avenue. 10-ltp
FOR SALB—Two dozen last year's
Chicken, For furthor particulars apply to S. Folsy, Elko, B.C. 10-ltp
The Vengeance
of Fate
5 othor Real* Including 2 Oomodiot.  Two   §
hour show for 10 & 20 conts.   Doors opon
7 p. m. Show at 7.30 p. m.
The Woman  in White
ThanHousor adaptation of Wllfcle Collins
Famous Story of Mystery - 2 REELS 2
Matinee Every Saturday at Three O'clock sharp
LOST.—Bunch of Keys, botweon
Post Offlco, Bank of Commorco and
Trites Wood, Ltd. Finder will" bo
rownrdort by returning samo to P, O.
Box 308,
aiRL WANTED for Country Hotol.
Apply II. Edwards, Wycllffe/I.. O,
GIRL WANTED for general housework; to sleep in. Apply, Mrs. Craig,
McPhorson Avenuo.
WANTED—General Sorvant for
small family; hulk of washing sent to
laundry, Apply to Mrs, F, White, 13
Victoria Avenuo. 17-ltp
WANTED—Teams to hlro for Ion-
Rlnir, Wattsburg Lumbor Co., Watts-
burg, B. C.
FOlt SALE—Player Piano; torms arranged.    Apply, J, B„ e.o. Ledger.
vnrt tifvt l"evirrt:r.:tJ Ili-iC
—Apply. W. Mlnton, t.lnrttmjr Avo,,
Annex, or "H.M.," Ledger Office.
Bhowlng pooplo my literature about
_w.. .UU..V.;, vi_\_ i_,(«.ai nwti titikpotl
of B. C, now boing developed by rail*
rends and other vmt Intoroatt. Splendid seller. Liberal comtnliilon*;
prompt lettlemonti; good material to
work with. 8. J, Wllion, 118 Haat*
Inga Street West, Vancouver, Ti. O.   .It
partner wanted for coal mine., One
with pit bon papere preferred. Moat
bave thmiMnd to fifteen hundred dollar capital. Country o«nk, Propoal.
tlon will viand cloieit Inveallfatlon.
Applf to T, O. Dok 135, riachec CrMfc.


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