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The District Ledger 1911-01-07

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 / ■■"
-*■ .Ir^y^-irr-
■***- -.' ,*.r
Industrial Unity is Stfengtn
The Official Organ ef District No. 18, U. M. W; of A.
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VOL. VI., NO. 23.
y^'-yi  U-K-^-'O rW:."X
jyC^      ___■    4^\ .    .
( JAM 12 191)   -   ' jl
,___*,     Political, Tfruty is Victory
. ~____ v_
$1.00 A YEAR.,,
Experts on Deck—Pro-
ceedings Watched
7 r'  Intently
Previously acknowledged  ..
Pres. W. B., Powell	
...     5.00
Sec.-Treas A. J. Carter  ...
...     5.00
Vice-Pres. C. Stubbs ..'-.	
.,.     5.00
Second donation, Int. U.M.W.
of A	
$ 71!>.00
V     "
We nowcontinue-tho publication of
"the proceedings which, as explained in
Inst week's issue, bad been postponed
until January 3rd,, i'n consequence of
the action of .two of'lhe jurors. Burnett
and Caiiieron  expressing  themselves
as unable to serve with impartiality.
In compliancy with the written'in-
'. structions ot Supreme Justice Stuart,
the "first jurors were discharged and
a new jury, of ten empanelled:
;   Owing- to the westbound train beliig
'   delayed because of; severe-storms on
. - the prairie, it was 3.-30 before the in-
,   ve'stigation was resumed.' -> To avoid
tho possibility of a repetition of, $c
previous sitting, great care was exercised   in  thoroughly  acquainting   the
,-• new  jurors   of  their  responsibilities
before they were sworii in.
.The hall'was crowded by. an inter-
l_ested gathering,* among tliose. present
,    were noted It.- W. Coulthard, manager
- 'of the West Canadian Collieries Limited, who operate the mine where the
disaster happened ;"A. \V. Biggar, legal
representative 6fN the Coal ^Company
at the former, sitting,, did not appear,
.** "but.,Mr. S." B. Woods,-of-Edmonton,
° -acted'jn1 his stead; IT. A. Mackie, ap-
* Provincial Government's'interests were'
in charge "of  W.   M. Campbell;-; Mr.
Hudson,*-from .Ottawa, of  the  Dominion-Department of Mines; .. James
u Ashworth; M.E., ~o(, Fernie. J. F. Stirling, chief Inspector■ of Mines;  Vice-
President   ,C.   " StiibbB,     Secretary-
Treasurer A. J. Carter, and many oth-
' ers^. - Charles M. O'Brien, M.L.A. for
,     tho^lockVMountalnjJDij'Islon^ was also
in attendance.- ' .' .'£.',*
•..].  6.  Jones,, of ^Hillcrest,  International Board Member. Is following the
proceedings In his'official capacity.
Of tho .panel of "twonty-tliroo, mon,
tho following ton wo'ro selected:
- J-. W. Gresham. J.P.,,of Frank (foreman); George,Thompson, Wm ,T. Light-
heart; A. J. Larmoulh, Thomas Hoar,
Dan Sinclair, 'B,H, Hinds, 11, Allison,
W. A. lions, John A. MiicDoiiald.
After Coronor PlnUnoy hnd read oyer
tlio declaration that ho liad sont. to tho
Attorimy-Gcncrnl relative to tho cause
of tho- postponomont. nnd tho authorl-
ant Inn to'pn.eod w'llh'oyt tho lioces-
Hity for exhuming the Ihirty-oiio men
intorrod, sont by Altorney-Gcnoral
.. 51ik.-b.olI, Uio Soorolnry of lho .Local
Union, Mr.' James Uurlco, was (J'ullod
upon to toHtify.
Ho toHllflod regarding his Identification of all of tho victims of thc
(llt-asler, when tlioy woro lying In tho
wash-house, stating thnl ho was woll
acquainted with everyone oxcopt Frod
Aldorson, tho Ilosmor flro Iiobb, but
know him slightly, having mot lilm on
lho morning of lho Oth,
This practically cIohocI tho deliberations for the day, adjournment being
ordorod until 0.30 WodiioHdny morn-
Official ron'rl HlonoKi'iiphc/ Powoll
" Ih taking down tlin ovidoneo on be-half
of tho Alborta ■flovormnont,
Tho Woilnosday morning sosslon
was oponod nt 0,-15,
Dr, MalcolniHon, of Viniik, prnutlcnl-
ly repontoil IiIh story kIvoii provloimly
and already published In thoso columns
rolatlve to tho doathn of tho thirty*
ono liolng from lho offocts of carbon
monoxldo or whlto-damp as It. Is commonly colled by minors. Mr. II. A,
Mnoklo croHs-oxnmlnnd J ho doctor at
coriHldornblo Inngth, but Iio'hMII main*
tnlnoil that It wos thn carbon mono*
xldo thnt caused death.
Drs, Iloss and' McKay prneiieally cor*
roboratcd tho fitiilomoiits of tho previous   WltllOHS,
Mr. Mncklo quoted authorities to
Hhow tlmt tho only pOHlilvo lost for
ilntormlnhiff death duo lo monoxldo
polHOtilng wasnn anolyuls of tho blood.
.-.     . ,     1 It, tl 1 ,1    ' *■   .
«../«...._.    I.Ci.,,«,|     V, v ,. J...U I,,.    .OiWuftil
nut tlio Vnm, fitirll'Mi'l-ivlv In fnnlbnll
.   circles, told tho story of tho pnrt ho
. The' annual congregational meetin_
of the above church will be hold on
Sunday next- Immediately after the
evening service. Tlio meeting is for
lhe reading* and presenting of, the
treasurer's report, and to elect, the
vardens and vestrymen for the ensuing
year; delegates to the Diocesan Synod,
,-hieh iiirets nt Revelstoke on February
■1.51117and 16th, will also be elected.
As1 this is a very Important meeting
it * is earnestly requested that every
member and any one interested in the
welfare of the iiarlsh will be present.
The services next Sunday will to
11 a.m.. Evensong and sermon at 7.30
p.m. ' " ,
On Monday evening last the Bap-
list Church was comfortably filled by
the'audience that -witnessed "Santa's
Reception," a cantnta rendered by
members of the choir and Sunday
School. Great credit is due to those
having charge of the drilling and instructing of the participants, particularly so. ns tho majority were children.
All acquitted themselves creditably.
A substantial' addition to • the Building Fund was the result of the evening's entertainment, furthermore.every
one, big and little thoroughly enjoyed
In consequence of the absence of
Mr. James Ashworth at Bellevue,.Alta.,
in connection with the enquiry deal-
ing with the recent disaster the C'on-
ciliatibn Board~^of which Mi. J. S.
G. Van Wart, of Calgary, is-chairman,
with Clem Stubbs and W, S. Lane representing the U. M. W.lof A., and the
C. N. P. Coal Co., respectively,' they
are compelled to defer*their deliberations until somo future date.
at MINE MANAGERS' Examination
Held in the Province of Alberta on
October 12th, 13th, and 14th, 1910.
William Shaw   ,.  Canmore
D. A. Macaulay ".  Coleman
Edward Ashburner   Lethbridge
James McCullouch Corbin, B.C.
Fred D, Alderson  Hosmer, B.C.
Enoch O. Saviller   Taber
Andrew W. Baxter   Lethbridge
Robert T, Stewart, :  Fernie, B.C.
_..  .* Edmonton
J. I. Thomas,  	
P. Chi-istlanson	
John Russell ...-	
Clover Bar,
Result of 'Recent Vo
For Dist. Officers
-i* *$A/
*, » . •
To the Officers and Members of Local Unions; District 18 U.M.W. of A.-
Greeting: ',"■-.'.
h- .•C'uii-Ji-.r.t'e v.-iih Art,   7 Bee. District Constituticr, we beg* to advise that the following candidates,
havL_c- received the highest number of votes- are duly'elected, and will take office on the 1st January
at PIT BOSS Examinations held in
the Province of Alberta on October
12th and 13th. 1910.
John Clemenson   Bankheau"
•Duncan McDonald  Canmore
Harry K. Miard   Coal Creek, B.C.
Robert John Lee  Grassey Lake
Albert Hillworth       Bellevue
J. II. Oliphant,' Bellevue
Joseph Cooke  Burmis
ti |
Candidates Mentioned—
Four Willing to be
School Trustees
Thomas Sloan .-	
Tom Taylor :.'...:
Stewart Gray Park '	
Levi Parker	
William. Gilliland    Strathcona-
Archibald Winter  Strathcona
,, .*-. Burmis
.. Hillcrest
Maple Le.tf
Replying to question would say that
as far as we* have boon'able lo ascertain, a veteran who holds scrip has
the* privilege of selecting a quarter
section adjoining the ono chosen, but
this'is conditional ilpon the performance of tho ordinary duties of a
settler. To,bo explicit, ho Is entitled
to R20 acres of land, but to obtain
th- government allowance must reside
on ono of tho qunrter sections, and
conform to tho general usage governing the duties of a homesteader.
Local option may moan Ihat a voto
bo taken to determine the advisability of having a law put on tho statutes.
Pres., W.-B. Powell...
-Vice-Pres., Clem Stubbs .
Sec.-Treas., A. j, Carter
No." of Votes
...    2692
....  2546
at FIRE BOSS Examinations held in
t. the Province of, Alberta'ort'October
12th and 13th, 1910.
Lees .
Votes   .
   1088 . *   '
 7.~...    (acclamation)
^Y(|ur3 frat^fljftlly, . _..   •!>._..'      .   v.    .   .   '
W. B.'POWELL, President.
A. J. CARTER, Secretary-Treasurer
R. Archer Hillcrest
D. J". Gwilliam . .7 ....*.....'. .Hillcrest
G, Richards .' Coleman
J. B. Gregory **..,... Passburg
S. Heathcock   '.' Prank
T. O'Donnell  Maple Leaf
F., Rayner      Passburg
G. Crawford .7 ..... .* Hillcrest
L. Crockett  ,. 7 . .Hillcrest
J.-'Itoberts .-. Frank
G. I-lulme  .7 7 .'■.-"^Hillcrest
H. Blake  ...'  Bellevue
J. I-lendeson   '  Reid HIII
John Patterson  „lHUcre*5f
S.'Fisher 7 ..'.".-".'". 7 .. Maple Leaf
T. Bradley   .,..:....   Hillcres£,
J. Jlutton  .'  Uellw^
S. Henderson • Reid IIIH
,,..v *    ,
J. McDevltt     Tofield
Jack Jones  _ Cardiff
None at Banff.
As the day approaches for tho nomination of (hose who are to be the
guardians of the city's affairs during
the current year, all sorts of rumors
are. rife.
Tho names of Thomas Beck and'
"Dad" Bleasdell have been mentioned
as likely candidates for the executive
chair, and during the last few days
the name of the latter has been .quite
insistently mentioned, and tho belief
expressed that if thero was some remuneration provided whereby exclu-'
sive attention could be paid to the
municipality's business that "Dad"-
mlght be constrained to make the running, '  • ' '"        •;
There ris this to be said, that it is
essential'that whoever takes,the helm
will have.to navigate with great care"
and deliberation.     There are already
four; candidates in  the field for the
three"' school   trustees   positions,   and
they are so well-known to the citizens
of Fernie that comment from .us is superfluous,  excei.t perhaps in* tins case
G.    C.    Egg, who. is comparatively a"
new comer in our midst.     His profession of, architect, as well as his association with an educational Institution '
pre-eminently fit him for. the onerous
duties of the office he is seekin-*.*-
The selection of. the best, marorial
l^-ficm able to supervise the educallwi-
al, affjiirB:of the community i.s, in our
opinion-, of-vaster importance than lhe
9 '
Isiratlon attached""to the positions of-
mayor and.'co^incillbrs.
^.JJpon  the'"_.prbi>ei- .education, of.,-the.,
young rests, tlio future of the'country
•And' while the position of trustee is
bV no'means a bed of roses, yet tjho
work accomplished; iii thls.department
If done effectively {is' aTways a source
of gratification tofHbQ-'ilocrs.'" ;
** * ____yt-__t______s__2>'*-, "     ■" i-
For tho family of Frod AldorRon, who
loHf his life whilo nngagod In vospuo
worlc in tho Into Tlollcvne Mlno disaster. ,
Pollock Wlno Co ? 10.00
TrltOB Wood Co .* ,   10.00
C.  N. Trading Co     10.00
J. V). Quail      10.00
Fernio Fori Stoelo Dry. Co...   10.00
N.   K.  Sudrtnby         -r'-00
Croo and Moffatt ,,...      C00
It, Dvlhlo        n.00
I., raronollii      n.oo
L.   R.  McDonnld    '..     T..00
\V. Can. Wholesale Oo
A,  McDmignll -...;* ,
KckHtoln nnd MnTimgnrt
.1. Pndbolclnclk x	
.1. 11. I.nwry 	
A, C Liphardt 	
W. A. Hohk 	
,1.   Alolln    -.	
J. L, GalOH ,	
A. Rizzuto 	
,1, it. Mrlntyro ....'	
F, C. ArniHtrong '.	
City Flro llrluiHlo 	
coo |
behind Newman (goal) in about as
ninny minutes. The spectators showed
their approval by loud and prolonged
applause.    "    '
Lii-lm determination was visible on
tho face of evory contestant, and the
audience was keyed up to a high
pitch of expectancy, .1. Kennedy, of
Craiibinok, mndo a iimgniflceut exhibition of stick handling and increased
constant practice so that thero may be
less individual and more combination
play. There was a certain amount of
tlio usual unsportsmanlike spirit displayed, and especially does this seem
to bo chronic in tho case of Kelly of
Crnnbrook, who mars his othorwiso
brilliant play by lho Indulgence in tactics Ihat  nre censurable  (cut It out,
his side's score to 3, this was followed, ,.,,,,.
by anoll.er afler a short scrimmage In I Kelly, you "ro a Rood lollow, but you
i'i out of Uio goal. Harold Scott rocolv- ] havo your faults).
Ing credit for this,     Thoro were only
about olght minutes for play to bo con
W.   B.   POWELL,   President,
District 18 U. M. W. of A.
tinned and, the Fernie boys nolhing
daunted plnyed the game of their lives,
und Dunlop had the good fort-niie to
poke ono past the goal-keeper for his
Hide. This Hided a first rate game,
so far as ■•coring was coiicornt'ti,"uui
every pound of energy was put forth
by Kornli) to overcome Cranbrook's
loud, lnil without avail, tlm gnmo (raiding <l-*-'(.
The only two to be soul to the fence
■wore Kelly and Kdget-oinbo, thc former for three miiiK. tho latter for two.
Kelly swiped Fdgccombo a nasty blow
across llm "Rin**llor," whilo Edge*
cf-inbo'H misbehaviour was U'lpping.
The line-up was ns follows:
Crnnbrook—Newman (goal), Clntk
■(point), Kelly (cover), Jack Konnedy
(rovor) Mo Waugh (contro), II. Scott
(left wing), Pyo (right wing).
Pernio—A. F„ Doborolutir (goal), F.
In view of the fact that there are'
a number of unemployed In the city
and also at limes there are vacancies
for which the laker cannot bo readily
found, Mr. Wm. Dicken offers to act
as an intermediary, thoroforo, nnyono
who is looking for employment of nny
kind whatsoever mny call at tho house
of Mr, Dickon on Pollat Avenue, next
door to llio hospital, and leave their
names,  addresses  and   cnpaliillllos.
Those who arc requiring workers
may also make their wauls known
and Mr, Dicken will uso his officios
towards supplying tho mime.
This Is what, may bo lornied a "Labor Kxchnngo," nnd should accomplish somo'good, even (hough tho •demand for Jobs far exceed lho supply.
•SB..I'..-. 7    ■■T^>**-»«»<'
'A FEW NOTES.';6f-*{j
■' i A'.*V.*V--'"C. w"e|
Tlijp,,-follo^ln^-oJ),serTyi^ions are'tak.;-.-".,
en from a'sVcrsbniir-Mi-ar addressed   y.
Tolnl    : $121,no
HuliHcrlptlnns lo Ihls fund received
at tho Imperial Dnnk of Canada,
Fornie, D,C.
Tho abovo compiiny of fun-making
plorrotH will bo prosont at tho Oram.
llio C N, Puns
plnyed  at  lho
The lull In) iliuiic nf
Hockey Loiigno was
Bleating IIiuh nn Mondny, Jnn. 2nd,
before a goodly crowd of oiiiIiuhIhhU* of
tliln champion wlntor sport,
The face off took placo ul S.I0, only
in minute:*! nflnr llio llnio advorilHo;),
this short dolny being highly com-
mcndablo, anil lt Is to,bo hopod Hint
like puni'luiillly will clinriu-iorl/o futuro gnmoH, iih llioro Ib nothing moro
i-nlctilatcd to cool the ardor of Hpectn-
toi*H and llicroby doorcase tho pleasures altondmit thnn procraHtlnntlon
lu Htni'llng,.
Although mio mlglil lmvo oxpocloill
that consequent upon tho short, proe-
1   !.   .,1 llll .
*.'ueairo on Mondny, Jan. s»ili.     '1 imy |\\wi' '^ ^Zwd '-,,invor«"wnuii. iwt
rvmi- «■(■]ln*i'M«Kl«   *.*, towhiw k      „   „,    ,10WftVpri wnH nnl „,„
plnyo.1 on tho eventful day In a very ,(l(  {Mn clmtlC0 K0 ))y (0 H00 thoso, OUh!i!cp»blo room
rleur am! lucid manner, but dealt In „,„„,.,„„, |10rfornil Tho program in* | *; > .^J^.\.,^r^ t I '
detail roft.inll.ill llio flmllng nnd romo* ,hl(loH MnRII t)l(U nro comic. pathotlc| '" •'»)?"««. . '£'' " ^n ,.','!
vjiI of tho bodies of tho tlmbor pncknra |ftl„, t|,« kind thnt you cnn whl _l<i:   wo ,,,', nn,,Hfl"1 w"1 ,)fJ H,imul ln 1,lU'
viiudonlle, rciuHn-,', etc.     Heats will
ho on salo nt Buddnby'R,
I'oniniontlng In brief would suggciHt: Ainislions (point), 11. Wallace (cover),
IF. Thrasher (roveri. S, L, nunlnp
(i-vntrni, Win. (Iiiiob (right wing), 11,
N, l-Mgeoonibe (loft wing).
Wo failed to get Dw name of the
Cranbiiiidt uinplre, but Fui'iilo'ri rupro-
Kcninllvri  wiih Wlntern,
Marry lU-ai-Htn was rofercn.
Tho gale rncftlplH were Homowliut.
less thnn cxpf-ciod, but of counu< ho
iiinny olhor 1-nnagenioiitH iintiiriilly had
n duHuTi'iil effect, but II Ih to bo hopod
iIwiI on Jiinuury 17th there will hn n
much larger ud.-mliuu-o, iih UiIh sport
s worthy of every patrniuiKO. The
locnl loam will Journoy to Cranbrook
on llio Flyer on Wedum-nlny tlio Ilth.
Tlinro was a mix up hoiwoon two
1'relnhii'rs tin Dw (\ P. lt. Timwlny
iiminlng Im-iwi'Ii Fern In and Ilosmor.
The only di.iiuu.e wiih inalei'liil. Kx-
HI I hit-tiM-bO'ly Will Iiiim; li elimico to
kick ll llfde III llio •viinn-t,"
C. 8TUOBS. Vice-Pr«Blder.t
Dlatrlct 18 U. M. W. of A.
The present doplornble stnto of affairs In lhe Iiii'ro IndUHtrlnl cnnlroH of
the llrltlsh IMos Is affording nn ex*
collont opportiinliy for tho trWiiHportn-
lion viimplri'H I ii pour Into Iho curs of
Dw dl'-Hiitlulled flie tpli'iultd cliancoH
nwiilllng llifin In the WoHlorn provinces of ('aiiiulii. These doludod mortals ditt.ii liml Hint lliey hiivo jumped from tho frying pun Into the flro,
nud wllh a depreclnled oxel-equni*, and
lho Iiicriiased ciikI. of lUIng, tho out*
look Ih by no ninniiH bright,
Thorn aro Hcveral recruit urrlvnls in
Fernio who oxprnHsed iihioiiIhIiiiiciiI upon scfiiThlng for-work at Hie mine.-* to
find tlinl ilmro was a large number of
old-timers unable lo lind plnces. Tlmy
had been Informed before leaving their
unlive towns Unit llir-re wns a dcailli
nf men along lhe 1'iihh, ami Hint skilled miners could enrn big money. If
I lien- Is not hoiiio iimims taken tn
cheek the Incoming nf these men ihe
city authorities mny be put to tlm expense of providing fond nnd sliellei'
during Hie wjitler lo those, tliut arc
•.ini.'idod it,-, ti result  of Iheir nccepi-
-.to a former resident of Porth ai, pre
sent in Fernie: ,  ' ";,
Thirteen miners who were'arrested for intimidation during the recent
trouble aro being tried at Pontypridd.
Their I'ellow-workors from tho-Cam-
bralu Combine Colliorlus have formed
processions and'marched to lho court-
houso lo nivali. the roport of tlie dc-
olson, this, Uio stipendiary has so far
failed lo give, postponing his vordlct
from day to dny with the result that,
•('m procosslons nro growing proportionately nndUio last one numbered about
18,000 people,. Ono of the most conspicuous figures wns n man on horseback wllh t,wo Iln -hhlolds or liroast-
plnics upon which  was Insciibcjl:
"For conspicuous gallantry /,n' saving the lives of HipIiui-hph nl lhe C.'nm-
hrlnii Colliery."
Tlm crowds nro by uo moans rlolous,
but Joviality and humor prevail, There
It. considerable suffeilng throughout
the Htrlko /.one, yot the belief Is ox*
prci-Hcd on all sides thnt hm-nfloi
irctloiial striken will no longer he In-
j (bilged In—"Rulo Twenty, or mulling:"
I lh i lie cry.
i>+.i*^;'7 .. ■
"K.  P."
The following nfflcci'H nre lp be lu
stalled next Tuesday ovoning lu lho
I'nsUii Hull of Fernie, So. 'M Knl.'.htH
of  I'ylliliis:
V.f'.-J.  Cnrnili'liiiol.
I',-—F. Porry.
K. of ll. mul S. F„ Thompson.
.M, nl  A.- -I*', AniiKlmnn,
M,  of  W.-A. (illlenple.
M, of l-'.—S. Ilulclieon,
,M. of I-I.-   II. N, I'Mimconibe,
,1, fi.---J. Ml'MiiiilorH.
0, 'I.' A, Pcnmoii,
The Scot I bib dunce on Friday.-1 lh c
,'lnili, which wnn held nl llriice'K Hall,
was an  iiii(|iiiillfl-*'d  siii-eesti, aud  Hie
■«.•♦.♦■'.•»<.♦ •*>♦♦♦♦♦•»".•.♦
of whoso bodies wero discovered Into
on Snturdny, woro tho lnnt broughl out
oxcopt Hint of John l)o?kar. ,,
Upon bolng "'tripped at tlio morgiiQ
In prepnrnMon for wnohlng nnd laying
nut It wax In tlio ololhlng tnkon off
thom that AINopp illtrnvcrod Dw
matches, tobacco niul pipe.
In roforonoo tn lho Infin-Jpi on Um
corpses, ono hnd lirnlsfB on llio fore*
he-nd. whilo tlio tnto and hand of
snothfr might havo bttn burned. A»k-
ed as to whether lie iiollt-cd any gas
when ho was In tlio mlno on necombor
ilth,   ho   lf.lJI#'i1   J/l   t.JU   IIC'-ijAilvo.   but
dn not r"''*iH whothfi* or no* lm hnd
mado nny tent*.
(I*M.— f)wlnic lo rnlliiro of the dec-
trie- power lbl» niomliiR. cftimlnig a do-
lay  of liv.- bdiUR, vie Kill tr.niSiHit.
Dw rejiort at Icncih In nur noxt w*><»k*« j
Ihsiii*.) ' '
a good olonn.liriind of liockoy, !
. Aftor hoiiio exciting playn, in which
'|',l would bo out or plnco to pariicul-j
inrlze any Hpciial work, McWaugli ,of,
■('riiubrook wiip foitiiiinto enough to
shoot llio puck, which brought tlm
'cheer from franlu-nn!-'-i 'Uipporter*?, for
goal I. Thin put nioio siinp Into tlm
' !■,->.im and aflfl- nnmo ili.-irp *.tu*iiii»iti.i-M
]l. Kenii(-i1y Miol  fiuin about  I'u fcit
 ~"   —"** "~" 'out of gonl. nml afler rannonndlnK mi
+++++-*^*+*<*-*-+4*'''-*-_. ♦♦  jv.mlop's hkhtts muilc uu  intuiu  ;ith1
*> '        ♦. Mid pat--*!    llolir-ielimr.     The    l-Vrule
NOTICE TO MINERS ♦,bnyrt with Mnnk at hnlf-tlum Mnrlnit
A man iinmml "Wain"
Fell friiii. tlm "waRnn."
Itolurninn liomonRal".
3UH had III; Jag nn.
All mrnci-es will pk'-in-. ufay
away from Btnkhead until
further notico. No «carclty of
labor here.
rlif-ifi in t.m faro, not t^iUa
-tin! '•'imetH'»il 'HI ni' I'tnchfri* "M rh-*'_•♦
.('ranlirnok mord that wa* f>o fast and ■<►
fiitlouii that thrill* goal keeper dlf-play->•»>
trl a nlmbl'-rii-i-si liuil pnU lilm In llu«,*-^
I'rM tank nl nH ...•.■If-'"ore. I. _i «St.-:7<*'
j.llo f-vfry _ ffr.tt. TlunM.rr r-vri,(<l up. _►
tl.o iii tno hy -iii'i'ii" fi-,M stinti-!,' «.>i-".?<r. ♦♦-♦-♦♦♦•♦■■^-••♦♦♦♦♦♦^^4.
All membere of the Gl.id-
stone Local Union are most
earnestly requested to attend
a ninsi meeting which will he
It-jl'l In tin Grand Theatre at
1.30 p.m. Sunday the -9th, Matters flf vital Import-i'-Ko will
bt breuj-bt forward for die-
tuition, therefore, It It hoped
that none will ttay avx/ay unlets it be abtolutely impo-i-
f,ibte to attend.
That there Uvould te co possible      CilCl...      ftti*     ...l_4i;i.»<_
clarced aga" nt the c-fficlals.
Ai-i-angeirient' have been made-
ior a specif train to leave
Coal Creek .-i X p.m.
mice of fnlry HtnrloH In iho Old l.mid, j mwU. p,.0V|,if.ii m-enlly upprcclniod by
»qn,inivnfn.ii.m,lnWl,WMW..t-.iiiii    ,„„„.-.„,        ,,„„»„_,     „      LW-I.,11
I In tlm United KliiRilom and know thnt • o,.„tM.   —iHierlir-   -n.l   Hi-   i     i"'
|Wiuii wc nuliliKli I'liKiinlliiK llm eiimps', f,wnt ,in)1P,.(. for which lhe "I iind n'
iliroiiKlinut   tlm  I'iimj In correct,    wc, |lcmlior** l« colebnitcd were linliilimd
wmild   iirf?*'  ihem  after  rcndliu;   the
I'.eilRcr to forward Iheir copy lo hoiiio-
body on tlie other Hide of llm Atlantic,
..!.,!     l,V     >*,>     ,1,   I.,.-    ll	
poor iiufni'liinute from coiiiIiik nut ex-
peeiliiR to find a laud of milk and
honey, only to meet wllh ivrloroiiH iHh-
nppriliiltnent. Ah leiter wrltln-,' Ih Irk-
Nome lo iiiiniy .send IhU pii|icr Inwti-inl,
ill||,  I'celii, cii'i-ii-i.-iiili   .ili'h-n,
j nclioKlhclie, .-ii-.
j     Thero !,** loiiirlili-inl-lc lull, nhoiil
t l-il-ll) ,tl1l>ll   Ilii    ) ,111 11 ,|   .Ml in.
AccordliiK to'llie Social lU-iuucrntlc
llellllil of Milwillll<ee, Win., II. (IliV*
lord   Wilidilre;  wim  rtUcceedcil   In   e>,
i,   CARTEO,   Secretary-Tieajurer , ■
Oistrlct XI U. M. V/. t.1 A.. ' ;
It only coiiih one cent, nnd nntnllH the, irimtliwr far more hoM i'ioiii llm poc-
Hllirht irntible nf wrltlnir nn nddron» i,,-.i., „r -.(., .,(ht;i>... u.„t, ],, d(,| fnnu
  ._.  . .- : ily minim. vr-iiiiircH*, n|ii*raloil prlnr-lp-
•tilv in-ii-ii.--' *-'ii,--l'iH-l* , I.*!-,, (■(••i-nii I' of
lit-, .,iil\Itv in il,i- mi.* i-iiir-.it ebluliied
'iheir confldi-iH'e nmie rculily thnn If
li- liinl tieen nu i.r.ilnn)., <apitiillhl.
He U now it.fiuMeil in li'i In l-.iiRlniul
where hi. Iiileiiil-i iu puisim hli* voi'u
(inn ot j.niiiiulim niul like*,1.7c i-utcf
D.,   fuM nf will-U...
1     Vnll x|i/>»i.l It im .-imi :<•• ,-i\t. i-til , i.i-.
full -.nine, hut a chant e free of a «m-h.
-Ible .'-.WHicn.
Where''    ,\i   Sixlilnlii-'h,
Owing to the Minna at Coal ♦
Creek only htlno pn/.-tlally op- ♦
crated, and the number of Idle ♦
men very \eroe. alt workere ♦
are requested to stay away ♦
from Fernie until further ad- ♦
vised. O. REES.      ♦
► Secretary ♦
*■ ♦
♦♦♦♦ _►♦■♦->■♦•♦♦♦ ♦♦^♦*
-< ft. ■   '-._ r
,-;'7*';"viK'•«%-'K^/_v/'*\ :*.'
-7M 7("*''
** -''.''
\   l •* ',1     "    ■*•-,'_'
'     •      ."£>  -,-o* '.
-- 7.. , ] - /
■ ' ..-'   ■*»■'
nglish Miners For
Crow's Nest
Experienced Men from the Old
Land Affracted by Big
Money--Oh, Yes
**,-*   -**
7*.    o,
%:- ■
_-,. *
« MONTREAL—A parly of coal miners
from Monmouthshire, South Wales,
bound for0the mines in the Crow's
1 Nest Pass, where there is great de-
o mand for,, coal this winter and whero
consequently there is plenty of work
for experienced miners at the best
wages in the market, passed through
here westward bound.
. There was one among the group
who by his manner seemed to bo
the superior of his- compatriots, for
■ the respect intentlvely paid to a leader, and it was apparent that those,by
-■ * whom this young man—for he was still
young—was   immediately surrounded
* thought it something like an honor to
be near him.'
A newspaper man noticing this en-,
quired the reason and was told tliat
the miner was Joseph Jones who had
fought*the constituency   of-   Newport
"four"years  ago  against the  son   of
Lord Tredegar, and had been beaten
"by a narrow majority, and he had now
decided lo try his fortune in Western
■ Canada. <*    ' "-*•
Payment of-Members
.- ,. "-"It pleased me very much," he said
■* "to read that Mr." Lloyd George had
told the English people that they would
get something more than a House, of
Lords veto now the-Liberals were sure
* '„ of being .sustained in power.     I think
that *.the payment of members is the
greatest of the boons he has in mind.
"For"the   last   three-quarters  of   a
, century  we have been  widening the
list of those who are eligible to exercise the franchise, step by step, but
nothing,has been done to widen, the
list of thoso fromJwhom the electors
may-   choose    their    representatives.
i  Some-religious rdisqualifications have
—bean removed.true, but I had not these
in mind. -/It is a reproach to our British institutions that no man can siUin
■- ■parWam'ent mio. serve Yiis country unless he, is, rich  enough , to  maintain
himself and gi\'e his services without
recompense. *•*■
Illegal Use of Funds
"From motives of the highest patriotism the labor unions stepped Into
the breach and provided funds to.send
members to Westminster who were
qualified to participate in social legislation beneficial to the workingmen
as no others are at the present time.*
The courts have declared that it Is illegal to use the trade union funds
for this at the instance of a man who
is a traitor to the, labor .cause. This
will be* remedied.
"Something is coming, ,'however,
which is far. more important and that
is the payment of members by the
state. A man, because ne is born and
remains poor, will no longer be prevented from sitting in the foremost
legislative assembly in the world. That
will be a fundamental: reform, transcending al) others.—Edmonton Journal.
(Ed.—The above clipping contains several erroneous statements in thefirSt
paragraph. Firstly there is npt theusual
Semand for coal that one would expec
at this,season of the year, otnorwiso
the present average of seventeen shifts
per month for miners ln the camps
adjacent to Fernie would not be the
rule. _ Secondly, there is not plenty
of work, and the consequences are that
hundreds of skilled miners are unable
to,earn enough lo.mcet current expenses. Thirdly, while thero are individual instances of men receiving good
..wages, they, are the exception and not
the rule. .'
Those who have already arrived will
ascertain exact conditions for themselves, but to those that have not
yet left the Old Land we would strorig-
ly urge that they not only "look before
they~_eap,'-l)ut" lil?^ise_make""dillgent'
enquiries from, reliable sources'. Far
better spend a few pennies in postage
than pounrlB in passage money.
By Robert Hunter
It would.be difficult to believe that
/""•"fKe* w'oVld* has known another such
.      ,«,»"•**,    . ... .'       _|     k
Tolstoy stood out n'moiii? Hie great of
- tho world  to-day llke*-a     lone peak
i       of surpassing height and grandeur.
f     _,,- And his greatness was not alono that
"-of tho prophet, or of the artist, or
-  .',   of tho pure intellect, or of the noble.
It was the greatness of all,'Incarnated
'    ln the rough and rugged form of tho
Russlnn pensnnt.
W§ snw tho blouse, the high boot's
■ " and the face of tho Russian serf
" ..   amidst, his fields,
Yet this was porhaps onr most learned mnn Tie know tho Htcrn.turo of
all ugos and of all -countries,
Ho had drunk at lho fountain of tho
anolontH—lho Asiatic--;, tho Somite, tho
(.rook, lho Homnn--nnd from thero ho
had followed tho main curront clown
llirough tho ngoH.
Ho know (ho religions of nil timo
and lovod to uiilto himself willi tho
spirit of I hose who, In all ages, havo
sought tho divine. -
And from lltornturo nnd rollglon ho
turned to polltlcn, studied economics,
watched lho development of Hoclology,
metaphysics and philosophy, art and
mimic, agriculture and Hclonco,
If "lo know tho host that has boon
snld nnd thought In lho world" Is
culturo, iih Mnlhow Arnold has nnld,
thnn Tolslny wns Min innnl. cultural
iiiiui of our ngo,
And ho know mon, Mo mado thom
llvo, Houudnil llm (lupin of tliolr pro*
foundOHt piiHHlmiH, lntorprolnd tlio Inner nnd moHt socrot thoughth of .mini
nnd Kliiiicr, of.,1yrnnt. and iilnvo, of
sporlsmnii nnd toiler, of lho swool
froHh pel ri and of l ho iilinndoiiod woman.
Tolstoy saw, folt and portrnyod vlco,
illHoiiHo, don lh, Hin dngrndallon or mon,
woman nnd child, lho hldnoim brut*
nilly of the llmmlnn bureaucracy.
In his nr-riulfillllon of knowledge, In
IiIh purllcli.nlIon In tho religious pas*
nlorifi of tho world, In IiIh Intorproln-
Hon of men's souls und In thn Joy
of bin creative art, IiIh lifo wiih but
.,  pnrllnlly pxproiwod.
IHh own InnormoHt porHonnl trng-
glosi nnd passion***!, his own nlnn nnd
trlnlfl, his doubts nnd ngonloH, woro
llko n world drama noon by all mnn-
Km* docndoH ho lived In Rplrltun!
tonnonl, torn fli-Ht by doubt nnd <iuo»*
IIoiiIiik and ilion prostrated by a deadly pcHHlmlnm.
With other roiihIIIvo IliiHHinnn ho Buffered from a morbid cnndcloncn. Ilo
*--,. '. ...in, ..../-,., i,.,   ,.„,,i,i „.,,. ,,„„
.-'Jf....        .,K.W  *     *        h
Blmlnm aa a god ftghlH with devils.
Vot,„(lfiprcHKi*d ns ho wns with Hint
mental malady which hnn dcHtroyed
no mnny mon of gr-niiiH In hin nad country, ho Hitvnd hlniHolf from mystic*
Ism nnd spiritual deatli,
Willi n si-inl Rlvi-m fo InlroHpectloTi,
ovtor rendy to laugh nt Uh own hoiihh-
tions,, lo scorn or approve-its own
acts; with a heart of good ever battling,, with a hear of evil, this'man of
mental and spiritual. turmoil fought
his way, Titan-like.'
Tolstoy was a vain man, who loved
to humble himself; a god man who
malingered himself; a great • artist
who despised his art; a learned man
who was contemptuous of learning; a
nobleman who aspired to be a peas-
stint; a refined mnn loving porfumes
and'fine linens, who yet condomed
himself I o work in the dung of stables.
Ilo was a man, who lnheritatlng
power through land,, voluntarily be-
camo Inndlofls; a soldier- of promise
who became a 'non-resistant; an artist
of masterly power who had only for his
work ns a common laborer.
To know Tolstoys' life, lo rovlew
all its contrndtctloiiR, to scnlo its grand
hoights nnd to, doscond Into Its nbys-
snuil depths, Is lo journoy onco again
by proxy through Inferno, purgatory
nnd parndlRO,,
. His spiritual struggles for forty
y. arfi recnll lho trials nnd lomptatlons
of tho forty days,In lho desert.
Ills pllgrlmngo from deadly slut,
nnd boHlinl Gods roealli* tlio Exodus,
Ills rovolt. ngnfiiRl authority reminds
ono of tho Crook Prometheus.
' Ills glorification ot Uio soul of the
peasant. ciiIIh to mind that dim, almost, ^vanished mediaeval, Plors, (ho
Plowman, -,
)I1h ImttloR with lho* church rovlvG
mmnrii'loH of tho grant struggles of
Ills struggles ngnlnnt tho artificial
nud lho feudal remind uno of Jean
JllcqilCH IlfltlHHOntl.
Ilo wnH nioilorn mid nnclonl, Incur-
nnl Ing In IiIh vnrlcd, coinrmllrlnry lifo
lho HtruggloH of n multlludo of grout.
koiiIh niul tho bullion of iik«Hi—Unitod
Mlno Workers' .Tournnl.
Wo nro nficn told Hint lho fnrinor
Ih a small ciipItallHl, a polly oxplollor,
nnd thai, thoroforo, ho hnn no plnco In
a working mov-'ment. Tlicno state-
mnntH iiHiially como from gentlemen
wIioho kuowlodgo of farm lifo comes
front nn occasional trolloy rldo in tho
Tho fnrmor belongs to tho ...ipltnllst
cIuhh, hul ho Ih not of Ihem, In
classifying tho fnrmor wo miiRl ask
WIM,     llu..   UU1.-.1   iiu   .Iiui.*.:   1.1,*,   iliilif,'.'
If bin Incnnu- la derived fvnm -profit<i,
lntorcRt, nr rent, then hn bolongn to
tho cnpltnl lHt clnBs; but If ho makoo
IiIh living by tho oxpundliiiro of elbow gi'onHo and gray mattor, In tho
pioiliictloii of useful things, thon ho
IK'hlllKH   10  111(1  Wdt'H'rilti.   tl'ilMS.
A man who rlnoH nt tho clarion cnll
of Uio roontor. fooilH bIx liorflcH, nlopn
around n cow lot, extracting lacteal
fluid from sovon fly hothorod cows
before brctikfnnt, nml thon tnkoH liln
daily conHtltutloniil bohlnd n pnlr of
n-fvactory muka, with plow handlca
factory.. The fact is, the farmer owns
the first link in the ;hain of production; the other links ' are the
property of the capitalist.
He owns the grain pen, but not the
elevator; the pig sty. bui .uot the
packing plant; the Studebaker wagon
but npt-the railroad; the cotton hoe,
but not the r.gin. Like the wage-
worker, he is dependent on ind exploited by the owners ol the p\'n _;.al
mepns of production and distribution.
The* manner hi which ths farmer de--
rives his incojfie 'stamps lilm as a
worker, and the size of nis income is
even below tfiat of theiaver_ij_e i\inker *   *
Ii. an .article in the Kcicw of i.o-
views for September, 1899, Prof. L.
B. Bailey, of the-department of agriculture of Cornell University and one
of tho foremost authorities on agriculture, declared that the "$200 a year
Income farm" Is the "Ideal American
If this Is the ideal, we would like
to take a squint at the common' run.
It doesn't look like the "ideal" will
die of gout or develop speed mania.
Geo, T Holmes, assistant statistician of the United States Department
of Agriculture,ogives as his conclusions, Vol. X, page 154: "It appears
that if you allow Interest to the farmers on the farm capital they earn
substantially no wages; on the other
hand, if you allow them no interest,
they * receive $22.61 ' per months as
Mr. Holmes' conclusions will illuminate . a number , of dark holes, in
farm life.' It shows in the first place
why some farmers feel.like capitalists and othersr,llke wage slaves. The
fellow who works for the fun of it
and draws $22.61 per month interest
on investment may regard himself as
a minature Rockefeller, while the
farmer who works for the above
$22.61 per , month, denying himself
the pleasures,of living off his interest, is equally justified in looking
upon himself as a wage worker.
Some light is * also shed upon the
theoretically exploited farm haud
wbo owns neither land nor tools, but
who simply works for $25 a month
A. M. Simons, in his work, "The
American Farmer,' quotes Edward
F. Adams as saying: "It seems to
me tliat the farmer and his wife
must expect to.work twelve hours on
the average "every day, some of the
time6at, light work    I think a
reasonable satisfaction for a farmer
is. a comfortable, but modest, home,
abundant but plain food, plenty of
stout work clothing, and a good suit
for Sunday, a comfortable conveyance
to take his family to church in, moderate education for a reasonable.number of children, and such an income
beyond that as will enable him. to
interest bearing debt for half the
land he tills, with expectation of paying it off by the time he is fifty, and
retiring from labor when sixty."
It cannot be denied that the average
farm boy -who ' goes ln debt at th_ ago
of twonty has. brilliant prospects before him, especially so when we see
that 21 per cent of the farmers die
under twenty-five years, 57 por" cent
under forty-five, and 86 per cent under sixty-five.     U. S. Census, 1890.
If only 11 per cent of those who ns
young men go In dobt for half of
their land may expect to spend then-
old age free of toll and want, how long
will lho fellow havo to live who goes
in dobt for all his land beforo ho can
retire? Our opinion is that, compared lo this man Methusalah was a
snot-hosed youngster.
No... no, Mr. Farmer, you nro nol a
bloody Pluto. And while wo cannot
call you a wage worker exactly, be
cause your pay day tho' fow and far
botwoon, somowhnt uncertain and
doubtful, yot tho fact remains that
your economic position Is Hovornl degrees below that  of tho wngo slavo.
Your Income and tho manner in
whlchyou obtain It placos you with
(ho workorH In tho shop and mlno
nnd not with tho coupon clippers and
tho dividend sharks. Llko thoso, you
aro a victim of exploitation, and^your
only hopo llos In tho abolition or cap-
Kalinin and tho establishment of lho
co-operative commonwealth.-—Oklahoma Pioneer, ,
NEW YORK—The Socialist movement among collegians is attracting
much attention among the literary circles of this city, and the popularity
of the movement among the student
body is evidenced by the preparations
made to accommodate members of the
Intercollegiate Socialist Society, at
their annual convention held in this
city on Thursday and Friday, December 29-30. The program provided for
morning Snd, afternoon sessions" at
which addresses were given by J. G.
Phelphs Stokes, the millionaire socialist and president of the society, Lincoln Steffens, tho well-known publicist,
nnd John Spnrgo, author of several
books on Socialism.  *
Tho culminating features of tlie conference wero tho dinner on Friday
evening, Dec. 30. The tofilc for the
evening was "The Place of College
Men and Women ih the Socialist Movement." The following were among the
speakers: Dr. Albert Sukedum, for
eleven years Socialist member of the
German Reichstag; Mrs. Florence Kel-
ley, well known in the field, of labor
legislation; Upton Sinclair, Socialist
author; Franklin I-I. Wentworth, speaker and writer;' Miss Elizabeth Dutcher
(Vassar 1901), especially active in the
Women's Ttrade Union movement;
and Walter Llppmann (Harvard, 1909),
formerly president of the Harvard Socialist Club. J. G. "Phelphs Stokes
presided.-' ...
Among the colleges where affiliated
chapters for the. study of Socialism
exist are: Harvard, Yale, Columbia,
Cornell, Barnard, Wellesley, the City
College of New York,,New York University La'w School and the New York
School of Dentistry; the Universities
of Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Michigan,
•Wisconsin, Washington, Oklahoma,
Stanford University, Clark College,
Kansas State Agricultural College,
Marietta College, Meadville Theological School, and other institutions.
The society was organized in 1905
'to promote an intelligent interest in
Socialism among - college men and
penal colonies are not included. Neitb."
er are included the "victims shot bj
the various "punitive expeditions," sent
out by military authorities during the
.These courts-martial,' says Korolan-
ko, are still in power and 'actively
We are in receipt of a letter from
Charles Moyer, President of the W. F
of M., that the Black- Hills dispute
wliich liogan onThanksgiving eve,.il910,
has not been adjusted yet:' The company's agents recently succeeded in.
inducing 00 Slavonians, by misrepresentation to go from California to
Lead, S.D.
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Batha
King Jfl^ard
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial  Hotel
£«Th*8 Finest Hotel In East Kootenay"',
J.-L." GATES, Prop.
Beware of
Sold on the
Merits of
August 6-11.
LONDON.—It is learned on (-good
authority tliat the Asquith Government
feeling that the - result of the recent
gencra'l ^election'justifies them in the
beilef that they have received a mandate from the people to carry out far-
reaching measures of reform, have
decided to introduce the folio-wing program:    •- , ■-;_•''■:.  ■' *
1. Veto Bill. "•   7 7
2. Local government for Ireland, and-
pnggihlv- ..nmp—rule all round.   ,
3. Electoral  reform,  including
(a) Re-distribution . according , to
population. The basis will he
about 12,000 voters for one member.
(b) One man ono vote..
( .    Elections   on   one  and   tho,
same day.      (Elections now last 3
" weeks).
■ (d)   Payment of members—£300
a year.
r « (e). Reduces*! of legn] expenses
of elections'.
(f) Stringent regulations "as to
(g) Three months' residence to
qualify for a voto, (It now takes
about 18 months.)
i. State insurance ngalnst.
(a) Unemployment,
(b),   Sloltiicss,
(c) Inability.
5. DlBQutablishmenl of tho Church
of England in Wales.
"A fnd Ib aii'orimmont that will fir.
only a fool,', This from tho Wostorn
Catholic, Fnd! Fit. ! Fooil Wo ro-
pent Iho words with cnroful dolibora-
tion, and by nnnoclntlnn of ldoas wo
arrive at IIOBllLD SKIRT! Tlion wo
piumo at tho Implied assertion	
Prof, Vladimir Korolonko of St.
Petersburg, Russia, who says that 80
por cont of tho unfortunates, mon and
women, who lmvo been condemned
by the Russlnn court-martials slnco tho
last revolution, dlod Ihnocontly, Tho
Btntomont Is obtained from a copy of
a St. Petersburg paper whicli wan
BinugRlcd Into Vienna and snvod from
tho gonornl confiscation of tho edition
whicli printed Trof. Korolonko's torrlblo -Arraignment of tho Russian court
Korolonko snys that tho Russian
courtB-mnrllal havo roconlly hnngod
3,000 men and women, and ot those
000. woro not guilty of any of tho political erlinoH chnrgod against thom, In
this awful nmnbor tho mnny thousands
Hpnt to Siberia or olhor prisons and
War Benefits
Armament Makers
8t»tk tit Oiim. Citt or Towno, I .
I.VMH Cdvnty. f"'
Viunk j. (.'iiKNKr tn.iVd ofith (tut tut U vulor
trU.rr ol llu* tfin ol V. I. riiFMY *. <'..■.., -A-hidi
raruirr w iw jinn oi i-. j. inrMt «r. .-nt., -nmn»    .. ,.        .    „_,,„„    ,.„,.    -_.,.„,.,...    i ,
Luilnr-M in thn Cltf ol ToU-dti. County ind HUM I H**-*    *»H*«('IJ    ntOOn    and   craHlC'd    lit-
Thnt war scares nro largely Inspired by itriiinni(jnt,,coiitractors, who ultl-
mainly will drag various countrloB Into
Imnkniptoy, waB chnrgod by Mr Francis W. Hirst, editor of tho London
I'.coiiomifit, In nn address boforo tho
International Conforonco of tho American Society for lho Judicial Soldo-
mcnl, of Intonintfonal dlnputon recently,
Ho clmrnr-t.nrls-.od ns nhHiird thn pur-
*.-:•.•'(• of r»vr-:-.'h!"'v'ht" hy V**-v.l! "in
prolnr-l Itsnir ngnliiRt. Argentina," and
snld tho rivalry hotwocn Japan and
thn Unitod Statcx wiih crunhlng tlio
pr-ojilo of Japan under a load of
taxes, wlillo nrmiiinonl expenditures
woro wrecking Orcnt llrltnln nnd Oor-
Mr. Hirst rend a lollor from Lord
Ijorobourn, lord high chancellor of
tho IJiillod Kingdom, who wroto: "I
need not toll you how deep nnd nlncero
Ih my sympathy wllh nny movomont to
fnrthor nny Judlclnl sottlomont of In-
 _   fnniaH/m-il rlfspiifcs.     If* In tho hopo
In IiIh pawn nnd rircnsy'lino wrapped jof tho future and will bo rcallr.od, of
nronfi'! hl'i TifHf, loolrn niiiplr-lriiinly tbnt I nm cnnflilr-nt. Hooner or Intcf.
llko n woiking mnn. And by llio tlmo \ And when It romes the world will r«-
lw> lins done tho r-horei. in tho light or •'mombor with Rnitltudo tho Buslftlncd
effort* of Hit- -government In thi* i-pood
cnuRO and will trennura them nmong
Ing of tho words. Thoro U play nlso
for a liroador and moro oqullablo construction.
"And, finally, thoro Ifl plnco espocl-
niy ns botwoon countrloB whoso laws
nnd ciiRtoins hnvo grown tip entirely
apart for tho thniiRniiilH of yoarfl, miy
botwoon tho United StatoR and .Tnpnn,
or Itnly nnd Chlnn, for n mlxturo of
law and compromUo.    .
"Thn prnwlnr* wnnllh'nnd -flownr of
contractors who supply govoiimiontB
with -stores and nrmnnienin ot all
kinds ia portentous," continued Mr.
Mlrs*. "Thry -rnn well afford to Vpop
n proflB which nhnll nroimo or ngltntn
inclal fears or Jonlotifty, playing off
nur.   nrn„r,nrt1yr,   li.|H1f,i|.lr.   !)ft 1 n"t   1111-
An Ancient Dooms
"Tho fnvorlto cry of armament*
mongers Is that armntnonlR aro tho
only -security. If you nro unarmed,
thoy «ny you nro ungafo—tlmt lawn
nnd convention.*, may bo brokon ond
Unit there- Is no International forco
bohlnd an Intetnational award, no
nrmy or navy b. hind an International
tribunal, no meant'of nrrontliiB an international trlliu-ial.    They quote tho
Queen's Hotel
Barber  Shop
'   First class work guaranteed.
'Drop  in and convince yourself.
Razor Honing a Specialty.
G.'  RADLAND,   Proprietor.
(Late Palace Barber Shop)
■ ,n
PAID-UP CAPITAL, $10,000,000.
RESERVE FUND, $6,000,000!
Interest at the current rate is allowed on all deposits of $1, and
upwards in this Department. Careful attention is given,to
every account.   Small deposits are welcomed.
Accounts may be opened in the names bf two or more persons,
withdrawals rto be made by any one of them or by the.'survivor. Full and clear written instructions as to .who', is to.
* make the withdrawals should always be given to ..the Bank
when opening accounts of this nature.        ,    ,
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
& Builders
Open for all kinds of business
in tlieir lino
Address Box 97
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised $10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed .... $5,575,000 ■•
Capital   Paid  Up   ...... .$5,575,000       Reserve Fund ....... ...$5,575,000,
D. R.WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.' •>    ,    ■'
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT '"" ° ',' ■;" *'. „
Interest allowed on deposits nt current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO.-1. B. BELL, Manager,. -'
Bar supplied witli tho  bost Wlnos,
Liquors nml CIriivb
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
ONK^VnNnm'n'i'on *™»"to ?„'««%«» ,lw''n  r"*'i,1*--K *'rnw titles  lo m..M. !«•«««« and will Ireiumro thom nmong ancient dor,mn. 'Jt r«» want ponei*,
MwoictTAiiKii nut nV/iioiimrurMor iwuioijlikely feci llko ono, too. ]tlio loftiest  endeavors of irreitt na- prcjinro for war.'     Ye*, nut ns Mr.
muiC4wiiwiuM.   niASK i. chunky, ««««« MI'-vo tlie* farmer a capital, j Horn.™ toQaMt jvn._i.l-M.  oat tl-,* oXhet day.
»*■■<"■' wuiw«i.^su.ii_!j«'«iuli'ui iuJ* wt«-.r.*;r,  rhl ijtiau.,i; lm owua tti''  mnll ■■.It.i       MIxture nf Law nnd flompremlni*     } Iho rtrawth of n'mamrnla I* breaming
,l'!i!.,y mta,,A A:w."m.r.AM*is.     I which bo works.    So do*-** th<* Miner!   "Ai l-e»w«_n liidlvMuaU," said Mr.>uch a financial burden upon evon tho
j y-^f •V"U"T l'''me'   [nnd Dw cuUlnct maker,    nu* Cm own- jl!lr*t. "no lictwoon nnllorm, thero In «;richest stflto U,-.t tho tuxatlon 11 In-
iTii'inl c.Mriti n.ri* i* t.vm inu-mnir m-ii «*-t« orHlilp of n pick doos not mako tho {date for tho Blrlctciti Intorjirotallon!volvcs nroiiKi»« (UiRoroim Intornntlonnl
Jw.my/&_^ f» «■•■'■■- ■ma-Kinnp •"<•' »- kit of,of a utatuto by vr,trui Uwy-w*.   whoi<idlMKiti!-f'r.t. **!,: \ nay al mf «mo
i.j.nfiAi.v a ni., 'iitWAn,H.! tdOin docs tint (tmf-r uj.nii iln* wm]-'caro nothlni! for tho cfinnoqucnciMi and provoke otitt-m *i dostrucllvo of tho
Ta*,Viu*!Vi_nj,'lwn,.;.rfi.i.*.iii-..ii,*. ' wiiilt'-r ill" ownt-mtilp   «if » twnlttm will not look ht-yond tlio lege] nwan* I world '* poaco."
' l
Workingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms Be
Good Board
Ross & Mackay £*
won't   hurt -you.-If   you   are
building ■ now -It will be _ of 'the
'greatest benefit, as the market:.
was oyerstbeked during the re-7
cent panic and the dealers- are "
obliged to-get rid of the, sur-.'
plus stock at once to mate room
for the next shipment. • ■ _. .7 7- ■
is fun to play with,' biit when
. you are buying lumber to build *
with, you do .'not -.want lt "to*
jump in price or quality.   Take
k~ it from us that there is good
material in bur yards arid do not
ordor of' anyone else for' our
prices aro the lowest. "   .
Prepare for Fall
and Winter
Wo have just cleared our summer stock out and now*wo aro
roady to fit you up for tho winter from head to foot. If you aro
looking-for tho future and Inlond to biiyo your money purchaso
your goods from us. Wo havo just bought tho stock of Mr. James
Haddad nnd now wo aro carrying.a vory largo stock of ladlos' and
gents' furnishings, Truiilm and vallsCB, In fact, everything for
men, womon and chlldron,
Our $1.2fi Swoator Coats havo no oqunl. Our $1.75 Por Anglo
UnderBUlts havo thom all bo Men. ,
Our Stilts aro Just tho kind you nood for stylo and durability.
Wo carry a largo assortment of Doots and Shoos, tho best soloc*
tion that monoy and brains can buy.
N'uxt lo Wlirwiini dimly Storo
Fernie Opera House
■"I ....	
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Fresh   Cut \
House and Office
Plants, Funeral Flowers, Wedding Bouquets.
Lone Dlttanca Phons m
Vuur onion, will rocolvo prompt nt*
k»itlii/i*.»i )(.u -nlW U> \ht*Hd ulth
xxhni wokcihI yu-,1.
Ledger Ads Pay
90  VKARl'
Tram Marks
_     OCOMNr
OorvnMKTt 4a.
*«rkm mmum ■ *\tM* mi ttaatvatm mu
fnliitfraatantmrmrnrttratiti fieeybMb*rM
Scientific American,
i (^u#-->
Massachusetts Legislature to
May Waive RigbtS
BOSTON.—The session of the.Mass-
achusetts .legislature .0 convene next
week in all probability will pass a law
providing foi* compensating working-
men for injuries received in the course
, of their employment. A special commission created to. investigate the subject has prepared a tentative 0 draft
of a bill and this was given the first
public hearing recently with a view to
securing.the opinions of employers and
employes, .   (;  ■  " I
The salient features of the proposed
act are,as follows: '
Recovering is allowed ln all cases
irrespective of negligence, except wnen
injury is self-inflicted or due to intoxication, or breach of statutory vegula-
tlons by-theJ injured employee.
.•During the first,two weeks of.dis-
, ability no payments- shall. be made,
hut the employer shall furnish first aid
to the injured employeo and provide
necessary medical treatment.
In case of death, dependents wholly
dependent shall receive one-half   the
7 average wages of deceased employee
for 300 weeks,,but not less than $4 nor
^more than $10 a week:    A wife or husband, or children, under 18-shall be
conclusively presumed to be wholly de-
■■' pendent. .'"'-"      ' • *■
Partial dependents, ln tho absence
of any one wholly dependent, shall
receive a part of '.the, above -amount
proportioned to their dependency.
If there are no dependents the expense of the', last sickness' and funeral
shall be paid by tho employer, not to
, exceed $200. •*■*■"-
If the employee does not die, hut Is
" permanently lncapaciated for work," he
.shall receive one-half wages,,for 300
weeks.., If the employee is permanerit-
.■ly.partially incapaciated, and he shall
receive one-half tiie .difference in his
earning capacity.*,       -   .
• ■L-rt.iG—employee—is- teinporariiy"in*r
' capaciated, ho shall,  receive one-half
. ~ wages for not more than 300 weeks,
not less than" $4, nor moro than $10
a week.   ,f ',■■'<*-■
»<• Employers shall not be r.equired'to
contribute. '
Employers, subject to the npproval
of-tho I.—*}ustrlal Accident board, may
substitute a scheme including tho paymont s prescribed In tho net provided
Hint, If any contributions be required
from tho empolyees, tho extra benefits
shall be equal to the contributions.
Aged and partially lncapaciated em
ployees may, with the approval of
the Industrial Accident board, waive
the provisions of the act.
Controversies under the act shall, in
default of agreement by the parties,
be settled by arbitration committee of
three, one of whom shall be chosen by
each party, the third to be a member
of the Industrial Accident board.:   .
The provisions of this art shall apply
to all employees of the commonwealth,
counties, cities and towns, and all
other employments, except where there
are not over flVe employees regularly
employed.' '
The injured employee may proceed
under the; compensation act or sue at
common law, but ..not both.   „   ■
St LOUIS, Mo—With "Conservation
of Human Resources,' as the main
topic of discussion, the American association of labor legislation met in
St..Louis! last week for its fourth annual meeting. The opening session
was held jointly with the American
^sociological Society and the American
Statistical Association.'      .  '
The proceedings began with an address by Prof. Henry .W. Farman, of
Yale, on 'Practical Methods in Labor
Legislation." Prof..Franklin H. Biddings, of Columbia University, followed
with a paper'on "The Relation of Social Theory to Public Policy," and
Frederick L. Hoffman, of the Prudential Insurance company, concluded the
session with a paper on' 'Fifty Years
of Life Insurance Progress,"
Industrial hygiene, the limitation of
the working hours of women, and the
progress of workingmen's*' compensation legislation in America were among the subjects to receive attention at
the meeting; - Mrs. Florence Kelly,
of-New* York,.Prof.' Charles'B. Hen-
Charles P. Neill, United States labor
commissioner,- and a number of other
noted men and women took part in the
meeting. *
The futuro presses, , To-morrow
cannot wait. Hu'maity has not a minute to lose.' Quick, quick! let us hasten ; the- wretched ones have their feet
on red-hot Iron. They hunger, they
tlilrst, thoy suffer. Ah, terrible em-
actlatlon ot tho human body!     Paratl-
tisnf laughs, the ivy, grows green and
thrives, the mistletoe * is flourishing,
the tapeworm.is happy. Wliat a frightful object, the prosperity of the tapeworm! ' To destroy thhat which devours—in that is safety.. Your life
has within itself death, which is in
good health. There are too much misery, . too much desolation, too much
immodesty, too much nakedness, too
many brothels, too many prisons, too
many rags, too many little innocents
growing up for evil! * The trucklebeds
of poor girls are suddenly covered with
silk and lace—and that is , worse
misery; by the side'of misfortune there
is vice, the one urging the other Such
a society requires prompt succor. Let
us seek for the best Go all of you
iii this search. Where are the promised lands? , Civilization would go
forward; let us try theories, systems,
ameliorations, Inventions, progress,
until tho shoe for that foot shall be
found. Tho attempt costs nothing, or
costs but little—to attempt Is not to
adopt-r-but" beforo all, above all, let
us be lavish of light. All sanitary
purifications begins in opening windows wide. Let us open wide all intellects.    Let us supply souls with air.
Quick, quick, O thinkers! Let the
human race breathe; give hope,, gtye
the Ideal, do good Let one step succeed another,* horizon' expand into horizon, ■ conquest -follow conquest.- Because you have given what you promised do not think you have performed all
that is required of you. To possess is
to' promise, the', dawn of to-day imposes on the^'sun obligations for tomorrow.
Let nothing be lost. Let not,our
strength be isolated. Everyone to
work! there Is vast urgency for it.
No more idle art. Poetry the worker
of civilization, what more admirable?
The dreamer should be the pioneer;
the strophe, should mean something.
The beautiful should be at the service
of honesty. I am the valet of my conscience; jt rings for me: I, come.
"Go!" I go. What do you.require
of me, O truth, sole majesty of this
world?' Let each one feel in"haste to
do well. A book' is sometimes _*•*
source of hoped-for succor. An idea
is a balm, a word may be a dressing
for wounds, poetry1 is a physician. Let
no" one tarry. Suffering is losing its
strength while you are idling. Let
men leave this dreamy laziness. Leave
the kief to the Turks. Let men labor
for the.safety of .-ill, and.let them rush
In and be "out of breath:
Do not be sparing of your strides.
Nothing useless; no inertia. What do
you call dead nature? Everything
lievs.7 The duty-Sf all Is to live; to
to walk,"to run, to fly. to soar, is,the
universal law. What do you wait for?
What stops you? Ah, there are times
when2-;o"ne~migiit^vlsh~tcr:iieaT Tile"
stones murmur at the slowness of man.
Peter Valaris, of Greek nationality;
21 years of age; dark complexion;
weight about 150 lbs; height about 5
feet S inches; last heard of at Revelstoke where employed either lu mining or lumbor camp,
' Will anyone ablo to furnish Information* of the above described kindly
communicate with his brother, Chris.
Valaris, Saskatoon, Sask.
During October, 115 workers .were
killed in. Canada in industrial accidents and 275-seriously injured.    %
The retail shoe clerks have organized themselves into a body for mutual
protection. . What about the • bank
clerk?     Oh, you bank clerks!
The number of immigrants Into Canada from March 31st "to August 31st
of this year numbered 180,830.-'
A Copenhagen . inventor, Valdmit
Poiilsen, -, claims to have telephoned
420 'miles without tho aid of wires,
and that communications have been
maintained, without ' interruption for
several days. r, '-*.* ..
During January the first. Issue of a
new Socialist organ, Tho Dart, will be
published in Toronto. We await the
copy with interest.
"Unhappy Is tho head that wears a
crown." King Manuel, one-time*of
Portugal, now resident at Wood Norton through the coiirtsey of the people
of Great Britain, has decided to edu-
cato himself. We have a profound
sympathy for his fallen majesty, and
can recommend the course ho Is about
to adopt. Study-Is .an excellent pan-
nacea, and a great many troubles
are alleviated and finally forgotten in
the realms of healthy thought.
Says the'United States,Steel Corporation: "Let's throw the dog a
bone." And they forthwith disburse
some $2,700,000 to their hoodwinked* minions. We use the word "bone"
advisedly, and on this, scale of computation cannot help but* wonder as
to the, actual worth ih bullion of the
luscious "Round" retained by the trust
for its own consumption. Gracious
Heavens! we are tempted to exclaim,
if two million, seven hundred thousands dollars represents the value of
the bone, then-:—! But words fail
us. Upon reflection we ought ' to
apologize for the implied fact that the
honest sons,of toil belong to the canine species, but it will be noted that
our remark is quoted, and, honestly,
the bone is usually thrown to the dog
isn't it?
Farmers Bank is being wound up,
and all through the remarks of a
judge. , Our ideas ,of the stability and
importance of Banks have shrunk in
like proportion to our growing appreciation of the power of his judgeship.
. Dr. Cook has returned. ■ He says
he has ho statement lo makein con-;
nection* with his "Discovery of the
North Pole," other than tliat which he
has carefully compiled, and .which _ie
declares took him weeks to "cook."
We beg "the worthy doctor's_nardqn^
we should have said—preparo.
babyhood measures eight whole inches
from top to toe, and actually weighs
something less than one pound aver-
dupois. Moreover, ho is in perfect
health, and the doctor says he will
live.      -i'        -   .    ■ '  .     ■
Apropos of divorces,-tbe Cleveland
Leader asks: "Is Marriage a Failure?"
We reply emphatically, tyO! But
we-tremble to think of the consequences were the matrimonial strings to
be drawn more tightly.
John D. Rockfeller comes through
with a, further $10,000,000 for tho University of Chicago! ■ This makes a
total of $35,000,000 which the mighty
millionaire has disbursed to this institution.
Speaking of fads and millionaires,
they are surely as inseparable as tho
fabled twins. As an Instance tho
latest fad of Helen Gould, the American millionairess, may bo cited.
This lady* has erected a magnificent
bath-house, which contains a swimming pool, small baths and shower baths
and all the paraphernalia In which tho
heathen gods, and1 godesses were
won to revel. Tho "design follows , tho idea of an old Ro
man bathing place, Sixteen marble columns surround the pool, and
support a roof of glass. The walls aro
of ceramic tiles, bordered with white
marble. The cost of this latest fad
Is $60,000 in' round figures, and while
we are strongly of the opinion that
cleanliness is next to godliness, if
the purchase price of a thing is a
measure of its value, it would, almost
appear that,a transposition of the
saying^ would be in order.
Home f
25,682,907 HORSE POWER    .
The minimum flow of development
of Canada's water power is estimated
at 25,682,907 horse-power. ,. These,.are
the "figures of J. B. Challies, C.B.. of
the Canadian department'"of the interior. Mr. Challies will shortly re-
ise his estimate, when It is anticipated
that the water power of the Dominion will be found to be greater. 'A
careful calculation shows that the
maintenance of one horse-power per
annum ■ from steam-power . Involves' a
-consumption of 21.9 to,n*s of coal. On
this basis the - available water-power
of the Dominion represents a combined
energy which, if ilwere being generated by coal and steam would'involve a
coal consumption of 562,45i>,G33 tons
per annum.
The summary of the available water
powers of the Dominion is as follows:
Flow       Present
•    Minimum *
A new. record from Seattle. 33 divorces in three hours. This certainly
heats them all, even the beautiful valley of operatic fame. Fourteen marriages aro recorded as a slight offset.
Talk of the 'Hope of the White
Race!" From Gait. Cal., comes the
news *of- tho birth' itt a baby ln "comparison with whom Tom Thumb would
appear to bo a veritable giant. This
remarkable  specimen   of  diminutive
British Columbia
Alberta  ..   .....
Saskatchewan.  .
N.-W. Territories
New Brunswick .
Nova' Scoila '•'.,..
.   .470,000
,     73,100
Three 20-acre Tracts, Lof
which four acres on each
are improved, on Lake w
Front ancl located where f
tliere is good settlement.
Price per block $1500 and
at terms to suit purchasers.
This is a chance for anyone
intending' to make a home {
for himself at once.
Joe Grafton
P. O. Box 48
B. C.
.     501,000
'» ,
.     150,000
Total 25,G82,907
mattor, as the consideration of what will appeal
to ths people he' desires;
to reach.    Slill, you yvrry  j
self-will find a koen, }:-..■■ •
sonal satisfaction in vzj.y
good paper and p7i"*\',,<;.
May wc show yo'-i sr.rr.p- -*^?
The District Ledger
Best   Investment   on   Earth
,   ' , ,       " ■*> S)
Aro you n homeseokor, or nre you
Hooking a Bnfo nnd profilubl-> invent-
iiiiuiL in thu diHtri-'t of thu future, will..,
spring tlio wholo year round, soil of in-
oxhniiNtiblo fertility, crops growing
every month iu tho yenr, nnd trmiHpor-
lat ion nt your vory door to tnko your
products to all markets; wlioro thero in
ii fino oconn linrbor, nnd whero growa
everything ont nblo neoesimry for tho
fount ry?
Wlioro you will got woll on thc
Wlioro medioiuo is unneocf'snry.
Whore thoro is plenty of rninfnll nnd
heavy dcWH.
Wlioro tho cool nir from nearby
mountains chukch rninfnll ovory month
in the yenr.
Where you arc nt the Const.
When*, von dn xxtxt. meed to \rr\irnto
Wlioro you nro nenr tho deep wnter
Where the constant huh lirezun mnko
life worth living.
Whoro it rarely freezcB.
Where there nro no winters, cyclones.
J-OijiMirdu or tornmlow*.
Whore the flowers bloom every month
in tho yenr.
Whero you enn wear tho huiiic kind
of elothc8 comfortably all tho year
Where you farm overy month in the
Where yon wive wore than you can
make Eastward.
Wlioro tho tiiilo of inu'grntion is rapidly going, and land values* are rapidly
Wfi.T.? lho Jam! vriU yield anylhittjj
■Mpial to nny pnrt of thc country.
\Yln.*rc Miii.strokc is never known.
Market unlimited; u»il most fertile;
climate ideal; middleman eliminated;
prxttlut-e tiMiin cult h ator to customer
without intermediary. The proximity
Id Iht* pri.1ci5-.fli count r-ilif,*. of lh. pro-
vincr furnisHcx the best poss-iblo markets. Transportation fauiliticj unexcelled.
Apply to Owner
Branch Offlco, Roma Block. Fornio. B. C.
Henriquartem, 1537 Third Av<*\ VV.
LOCATION: in the midst of minim,'.
Itimhorini; and -iilhiT large indu^lne*,
which afford targe remunerative cui-
piny iiu-ht 1n li.*- iiivm-H t,{ js...__ll fnrm**
ill the early ->t;i'.-*'-s of their dew-lop-
TRRM..: 1" iy-r ivrif ,-ii-h; ?.....•.!., e
n?i ti-r.iis t«i --nil the p***_r-*li*i*nr. No
Whoro yon do not work six montliH of
each year lo keep from freezing and
Btnrving tho other nix monlli.s.
Wlioro vegetation is ko Htrong nnd so
rapid tin to astonish any I-.m*torner.
Whero five or ten ncrei. put in fruit,
,i»r vcgoliihlcN,. or poultry, will make a
Whero water is soft, pure, and plentiful.
Whom raillesnakes are unknown.
Whom you can live in ;i summer houso
siirrouiidod by 1'lowen., fruilw niirj jerns.
Whom there aro prneiieally no luxes.
Whero it i.s no liealihy liiat peoplo
rarely die exeept from old age.
Whom lung I rouble, t-utnrrh, hay
fever, asl Iiiiui . ltroiieliilis. rheumatism
and all Ilie ill _ of variable climatou nre
praotieally unknown.
Whem.yuu will live, leu ,\nil's longer,
Whom'you work loss* and olilain
more tluni1 in any other place on earth.
"'I'll* ,1'Hll   nlllli   ,. It'ltl.*!  eliui iunli.slt\,
;v.'i]Jr, '■*,'... j-.-,-l i -. .....- i.n. ,-,or,-,..-......,
Wlii-IV there  is  the bes-J   fi-.!.i_.j,' .nnl
hunt im;.
Where nil f|*e industries- are nearby.
Whom great opportunities nie lying
Kvt-ryuii.: buying on*.- of these farms
or lots in-epares for the future and old
Labor is lh<* foundation of wi-.dth,
but without  its proceeds invested you
will toil on to the end.     Do not mis'j,-- *' j
ihe o**|ii'ilui*ily.     The only different 5}
between  rieb   find   .-Onr   !■*,
I.V dllii-rciUMi ;
■  one   "Jft \S. -1
.-Mill-Ill. *-, __."*5_
•    _> • **    **  *_  *"5
A farm m tin; eounirv, ^u_3 jgr |J.£ .? :
w-ni.,. .-..v.        ;-f 3    jf yj->
To lie sold in -■■-I'liM.fi.i.-ie.S'.l'^.gu•*■)■. •» -^
to 10 niii-s at i.-pi*. ft, siis? \}wA,&.£ **
rl.a-.cr. . af 5' $ *'  "'£  * j?   ".- f !
lV.-i.-1t '.t\.y-v}Vtbr*i:&F ^.-J*. a   " 5
nm ».iil .#t W £de.  * S ■? * i?       * ^
•_*• ■**»    •*-   r^   *._.-** •*,-*■- *.    .
'  '   i       —   "**" s-   **  i   -*.'    •       *   ■*■
__*,:-j_b__S__._--i. i_= r__ L__.
■f •*» -^  -r.
i>  _^.
; *?• *.
it -a O  ■
.' ■
U\)t Btofcijc.
Published every Saturday morning- at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C. Subscription $1.GG
per.year in advance., An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District; Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
y       *   ^,, „'-.   7 *
color work.   Mail orders receive, special"attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
J. W.- BENNETT, Editor.
Postoffice Box No. 380
Telephone No. 48.
in the construction eamps of every Canadian built
roa.d we "hae oov. (bois." Hardy.* industrious,
tenacious and hoiiv-sl."--perfectly correet.'an'd these'
are the. qualities that-bave made tlie race a. factor
in the "upbtxilding of many countries, but/it should
also be borne in mind that the motto of Scotland
is "No one provokes me with impunity." That
we"filo not exaggerate when making'the statement
that the men are obtainable without going beyond
tbe confines of Western Canada, we call the attention of our readers to a clipping from'"The'
Calgary News Telegram,"" which appears
where in our columns. *  ' ,
ftW. .
: 81Q 8 Wi
r' else-
te* -
NDIGNATION approached the fusible state recently throughout Alberta. The "hot wave"
was created as a result of a literary effusion from
the pen of Louis 'Wain, which "Brave Horatio"
Bottomley, M.P. for Hackney, fathered thro', the
columns of "John Bull." . ,   '„»
. - The screed could be readily accounted* for if its
author were the hero of Marie Corelli's " AVorm-
wood," still those who liave rushed so nobly into
print in order to assure the public generally that
Englishmen repudiate "the imputations placed upon
the dwellers of the AVest, owe a debt of gratitude
to Mr. AVain for enabling them to utilize the most
invective adjectives found in the dictionary—
"scurrilous," "villainous," "mendacious-" "un-,
warranted," "scandalous," and every known synonym for despicable.   , '
For. an exhibition of putrescent misrepresentation, not only did it 'take the biscuit," but made
serious'inroads into the "entire Bakery Trust."
If the "copy" be paid for in direct ratio to its
worth, the recurring decimal to the Nth; power
is inadequate. to make .the correct valuation.
"Thou makestme hold with Pythagoras tbat tlie
souls of animals do inf _se themselves into the
trunks of men."
This man AVain has already achieved a reputation.as a cat artist, hence by closo association, may
have absorbed some of the feline characteristics—
"We are not ourselves when nature,
being oppressoil,
. Commands the mind to suffer with
the body.'
' —Shakespeare
reincarnated, in other words. . •
AVhile upon tbe subject of misrepresentation, we
would urge upon*those who have shown such activity in decrying tbe iniquitious strictures of AVain
to' display a like zeal by writing to'their home |hut'th"fc ™>uld necessitate a deeper probmg. than
papers regarding the deceptive tactics (tacitly per
Till-:'December issue of "Man to Man" contains
among other interesting items, an instructive
and well-written article by II. Sheridan-Bickers on
■'The Treatment of the Insane.''
Pacing the article is a full page photo of Dr. C, B,
Doherty, who is responsible i"or the experiment of
farming as a cure for madness. Perhaps the time-
worn theory of "similia simililius curantur" may
have had an influence in the adoption of agricultural pursuits as the means whereby those in whom
reason is' dethroned might be restored" to sanity.
The writer bestows .great praise upon the Provincial Government for its "munificence and enterprise." , They are entitled to a meed for tlieir "enterprise," because from the figures cited monetary
returns should, in the not far distant future, amply justify their action. "Munificence" is another story as we feel safe in assuming that ac-
quisitiveness-and benevolence were in propinquity,
phrenology to ■, the " contrary notwithstanding.'
That the patient should be furnished an avenue for
the expenditure of energy with its' consequent distraction from mental worry marks a, stop.in advance of the treatment that obtained up.to 1801,
when these unfortunates were believed to be affected by devils, and to exorcise or expel them they
were subject to floggings arid other tortures from
which they were usually only liberated by death..
Another .great drawback in -the methods heretofore in vogue was the cost of up-keep without
any compensating profits, whereas under tbe. operation of the,scheme as outlined the institution
ought tobe practically .self-supporting. This ak-ne
enrit.es it to tho commendation of all think vi*/ taxpayers, thereby appealing to their financial interests as well as to their sympathies.   Dr. Doherty-
If you want
tlio finustluuv
nolo I)
much j.i
ler they a
anil li o -
ther tlis:
go In pn
p ii r I a
U   11   ,1
S-;:c:!ess—Fibreless—Juicy and  i
£v;ect—A S*er£eet Fri'it        *
o ■*■* ""
"Fivu i..cuss:-, 1 CaKfon-.is.orangs farmers,
_is<__£ C3 pr ce*.*! of the state's er.tlie.crop,
J.ect, (..-.•*.._.s-asoii, their-perfect oranges and
pack ther..'iin Jc-r the name „"Su'h!;ist."   This
enables you to _cc:.i<**iu:'.e anil byy.Ca'ifornia's
choicert, tree-ripened oranges. ',   ,*■
Until y-ui have tastc;J .i luscious'' Sujjkist" orange,
, ju cannot bejji-v to appreciate t'.ie excellence of
oranges th.-.f l.j pruperly grown, rigidly inspected!
j.irfifuily p_!?l:fiil sn-.l s-.-il'tly transported.',Serve "Sun-
l;i>ts", on yo.-.r ta7-li t-wnrrow mornin;* anil learn the
■superiority cf ttcc-iip.-n._il, fibrclcus, setdlcM, solid and „
sound ora-Vy ovor t'..»* ca-.nmor.plase kind.   "Sunkist"
or.-uig--*- rte, no n-.-..* !y all bod that they are much the ,
cheapest fcitvl lo buy. ■   ,      ,, '     ~
"Sunkiit" oranges are tkitt-sUn'ttd and are he ltd-
ickiid.   The "Sunki.t" orange i- a firm, -solid fruit.
sk your dealer'for the "Sunkist" l.i.ul agd make
ire tii-.it emit oranps j;*u (*<_. U packed i-.7a tissue
per'wrapper labeled "Sunkist." Fur these w
£_-— Tliii Hands-owe Rogers Oran-je Spoon
'i-_Si-a      j , i-eantlaa, _,l»n_    wii'l ciwli wlu'n tlii teal-nut Is
--■■TC _'_S*.  Iiwdih in ". v. ou i-.ianuiitn nliovo '.Wc. wn -irolor |i.vm«l noto.
'/-    _ „.     n* •» .■i.rliS.ftpW'
_/.<-.: -.:+$       V* vr, ll t> l «l-i 11
iii _•*    **'* ho twr Lifer VUUlAtU.U't.
^iVT. _v<
rli-r or tmnk draft. \»
,,|.vo. {.*nu*j' ,t3 lifitof valui'r.opro. va
•riuiitij-.'' nu 1 "_talU.nl'- vrruiipcri V\
*f »^'*^4=--Nc-^ ^Cnj'-hrtvi fivit Gr^iwrii' Eicbxtifre, 103KlOTSt.E*i-i.T«iw»te. Oat.
I^Ia ^A-v;-?- yx&ty ^v-'%-*'Rgj^g1*^^
Insurance, Real Estate
'."*."       7
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
isTionored liecause of his realization that a liealFliy
mind never lived long in a lazy body, therefore it
follows that "laziness is a disease, and the cause
should be ascertained and its .eradiction effected,
mitted by tbe Ottawa Government) indulged in by
the innumerable boosters of the West, and employed by the -)onus sharks of'the transportation
companies in "'their efforts to induce emigrants
from the Old World to come to Canada.
One of the most notorious eases, bemoaning tho
"labor shortage!" is that of "shrieking" Scliroibcr,
but according to a Montreal despatch this dreadful
stato of affairs is to be remedied as J W Stewart, of
the firm of Foley, Welch and Stewart has gone to
Scotland for the purposo of engaging 5000 laborers
■ to work on the construction of tlie G. T. P. We are
free to confess that this company has difficulty in
retaining its workers, and deservedly so, as hundreds, of men can testify,that havo experienced, not
only tlie hardships incident to life in construction
camps, but when forbearance has ceased to bo a
virtue and 'they have tramped long weary mileH
, into Edmonton, upon presentation of their time
cheeks have had to wnit the arrival of instructions
from Winnipeg before obtaining cash paymont, in
the meantime Home sought the refuge of the, jail for
■■■;.•;_, shelter while others tramped the streets throughout
• ''Hi. --V.1 this talk about thn broad-iriitiili'dnosH shown
',,.", hy the contrai'lon-* of this contine'ital road in hiring
while m*ui in pri-im-nee fo Asinfi-'s ih ho much hni
,   , combe,  ]]' these contractors would treat men as human beings, or evon with the same coiu-ideration
that is shown the horses they employ,■ thp.ro would,
not be the slightest diffi.-ulty to obtain sufficient
i laborers without going out of Western Canada, thin,
however, they ure now coiiipelled to do, because the
unsavory reputation of the fl. T, P. construe!ion
camps is well-known throughout this continenr,
hence the necessity of hunting for men in.Ihr. Inr
off Highlands of Scotland. ,
■ Tn corroboration of onr statement regarding iou-
dilions we. will quote as ex parte the following clipping from a Montreal paper undcrdate oT Sept. 7,
•"Montreal.. Kept. 7—Norwegian newspapers nf
Aug. UL' contain n strongly worded warniii,?. apparently issued by the Norwegian <■* 'inuii nf
Justice to Norwegian labor'
'-0 , *
Happy New Y«ar to You
May December .31 Bt,  1911 mark the close of the moat pros-
ours.   Make a good start anyway, and go. to     - ■"
The 41  Market Co.
Meats, Fish, Eggs, Butter, Poultry,
.lc*. nir-n.   nt-.  VTil*"'"-"
iv*ir-,jii*.« v"
Hi',' Pin-
i,   The
:*. llio
any reformer cares to go, with the result that there
would be such a numerical diminution of th'e
medical profession that the point of elimination
would be dangerously close. *' ..,
Judging from the observations of the doctor he
was very fortunate in having two or three lumbermen and powdermen among his patients who handled 17 ton?.of blasting powder in one month while
clearing' the ground, and, that without a single accident; This utilization of the labor power oil the
patients effects considerable saving when land can
be ..cleared at less than sixty-five dollars per acre.
This is assuredly a consummation devoutly to be
wished for and should go far towards keeping the
provinco a whito British Columbia, provided ihe
food for exploitation is obtainable, as these patients have clearly demonstrated that thoy can be
worked cheaper than the Asiatics would contract
for, therefore, "No Chinese need apply."
Again economies are not limited to the clearing
of land, there arc the revenues from dairy and
farm produce, the prize bred horses, cows, pigs,
sheep, otcl, and doubtless poultry farming and bee
culture eould be engaged in by those who are not
sufficiently robust to do more laborious work,
What has boen accomplished by the rational treatment is best described by the doctor's statement:
"T am a confirmed believer in the efficacy of
hydro-therapeutic treatment, and, of emiiw, electrical. The deaths for the last year have been thc
lowest on record, and we havo been remarkably
'free from epidemics*,"iioi« have we received nny
complaints of our patients out of doors. Last
year we did not have n single ease of suicide. We
had an unusually high percentage of recoveries,
Ml per cent of all Iho cases, including chronics,
This year I am ctinl'idonl of establishing even
more satisfactory results."
This is indeed a record to be jubilant over- ami
the doctor and htnff are entitled to tho approval of
lhe public. Iiui the i|uestinu presents itself to us,
and we likewise aerpmint our readers with the
same for their consideration:   Tf the rationale employed has demons! rated ils efficacy by the rest orn-
Hon of so many victims of mental aberniiion. why
not applj it* to a society that is disejift'd?     If ill
ver* cent  cnn  be restored  by humane treatment,
pure nir water, t-innilary Nurrojuiiliii-js, Mlntlesome
food ami healthful o-vupalion, would ii not be r.*ir
better lo have not only Hritish Columbia, mil the
I eiilire Auirld, transformed into "A  Ir.mnti1' Any-
,.  i'Jiliii"   ;      'roe eniiluiuiilliiii  nl  liie jinsctr.  i.niiin*.
I,.'when ko little is needed to preserve mental c.piib
I,r.in.i. i« conclusive evidence Stint  the nan ily rf
those outside the walls is open to criticism.
Again, if !H por cent can be cured* including
-bruiiiiH. i.-. it i...< pertinent •'■ ft!***" that.probably
■he major portion of thefiO tier cent might have
en  saved  hnd   tin* administration  of sneiety'B
.Ik been on tin* same basii as is mmlied when
lifted as an inmate to the Corpiitlam iimtitntiot* t
■*• we hnve an alien ist who succeeds in beru'fitt-
_ *\v. while tlu* fo'-UH of inft'-.'fiiiii r-i'irti is u**.
I<f I   il'"1  <;,■ t l *'"t\ino  Iff l'n«.T""*   Ufii'll   bi'H  l»V
•i'n fi-i-Mf-r •li-MTit-olvp'** ♦lmt !>***■_j* nre "sane"!
-, "What f'-nls these mortals be."
for all your requirements is
Cheese, Oysters,' etc.
!ie AlarmThaf Gets'Em Up
Fernie Heme Bakery
and Lunch Iteoms
Give us a call
Luncheons Served
every day fromO ijum. to 11 p.m.
Park and Beans Saturday
Storo I'Iioiki I'il Hoiiko Photin 180
Guarantued to Koop Correct Time far
Two Ycli**.
New Year
Hardware Furniture
Fernie, B. C.
:u_j_j»imuuj'i j-WBiaaii-a
, (Jgiilwond   at   $2,00
Itiok, 0.0.1),
I Torso mid  (.ut tor ror hire
niUYi.-vn now-i
Apply, Wm, Diuicicn, IMioiih Kl
Komlo, B.O,
, y
8 Varieties, all No. 1
quality, Senator, York
Imperial, Roman Beauty
Wagner, Baldwin, Mann,
Greening and Paragon,
Per Box of about 4S lbs.
2p 1 •-r d
* -.{:
TETLEY'S TEA, a choice blend of India and
Ceylon, "per 3 lb. Caddy $1.00
King Oscar Brand Sardines, 2 cans. 25c
Canadian Pack Sardines, 4 cans, 25c
Clover Leaf Red Salmon, 2 cans, 35c
Heinz Sweet Mixed Pickles,   per bottle,   45c
■x '     -      "-
* Il - o \*i " | -        .-
JHeinz Tomato Chutney, per bottle, 35c
The Trites- Wood Co.
>, *■'■.'
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
•r Wood Burners, and
Wood Burners '
Ranges and Cook Stoves
d* M.   AGNEW & CO., ELKO
Any tlmo,
but fumd ur
yoiirf-tfJi-lluit InvlUlioim. Wo lmvo tlio
lal-oK., hiyU", loxxotil, pi U:m, nud do bent
•nrli,    '•:.itniil--.*i lit Ddn olllon
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
• . , i
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Fi^fl Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
■ (
• t
■ i
■ t
• i
• t
Santa Claus has Lookeu tiie ^ily we?
und lio Hiiys tlmt every dosiml.lo pieco of real estate that w either to let or for sale is
li.sted upon our hooks, and wo holiovo ho in right.   Our
Real Estate Opportunities
for the .small invoMtcir aro many. Tf you havo hiivoiI a few dollar* we can lead you tn
a property that will offer you an exceptional investment, Give uh an idea of what
you may want ami we will hunt .something up for you.
Insurance and Real Estate
A. Beck Block
Fcrnic, B. C.
• t
. *
• t
• t
■ t
• e
I &
»»»****************JA.3( **<****.
*   •
•X * *.
*k*k********** Akkkk* ******************.
********* ******************
■*     *.
* .
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦..♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ 4*.
COAL  CREEK   BY   174.
-f   -♦ ♦"♦ ♦ ♦ «•
l^'-V*' The members of the C.C.L. and A.A.
>,--,  ,-tjare now beginning to' think that,'the
■',-..■7^ great "oye" of the Provincial Govern-
■■*-,'„ - ment has fixed Its gaze on this great
little hole between the mountains,' as
it soon became, public property  last
;  ,       Tuesday when It was .earned that the
•'license"   had  been   granted   to   the
Club.    It is now sixteen months since
the fire wiped out the business portion of tho camp, together with tho
Club, and the license has never been
renewed   till  now,  and   It   Is  to   bo
hoped that each and every member of
the Club  will help  in assisting tho
Board of Management to use rightly
and not nbuso tho privilege of having
a drink when they feel like it.
On Tuesday evening roller skating
was tried in the Club Hall.  . Twenty
,,*   ,       pair of skates are leased from W. (i.
Bruce, of Pernie, to see. how this pastime would take.     It seems all right
*    from a juvenile point of view, bn] for
anyone who Is trying to read downstairs it is certainly not very encourag-
7 ins, as the noise overhead is something
deafening. .
Joe Mitchell returned from Vancouver last week, and has decided to stay
among us for a few u.onths, nn thei a
- '-      Is  practically  noth'.ns- doing  at  tlie
„   -5*     "coast at present.
Mrs.* Atherton waa.a l.sitor down at
Michel last weekend, leturning home
~  on Tnesdayevouing. - *
Mick McLean and .Joe Combes weie
welcome* visitors up lier.e last week-
-*, end from Michel, and thoy certainly en.,
,   joyed themselves among the boys, especially in the "Devil's Chorus.'
James Langdon, who has been spend-
■    ing a few weeks In'Nanalmo and district," returned home on New Year's
Eve.     "lie reports having a very yood
exact damage co-aid not bo ascertained
on account of the swelling.,. He was
conveyed to the Hospital, where he
remains at present. '   .
We have First Aid aiid Ambulance
classes, but certainly stand in need of
au ambulance to couvey sick and injured from the train at Fernie to the
hospital. . Other incorporated cities
have these, and the new Mayor and
Aldermen could do, no better,, work
than providing this necessary vehicle.
. Fernieltes are cordially invited to
come and note the rapid development
of the City-byrthe-Crack, with its bus-
pension bridge, promenades and signposts.
* Flemmlng~.8tewart >
A very pretty wedding took placo u_,
here last Tuesday evening, the con-
tr.ict.ing pa:ties being John Flemming
arid Isabella Stuart, both In the employ of tho T.-W.'Co. The wedding
took place nt Knox Presbyterian
Church. The Rev. H. Grant, of
Fernie, tied the nuptial knot, and Wm.
McFegan acted as best man, and Miss
Mary Gorrie * as . bridesmaid. A reception was held at the home of the|
bride's sister, Mrs. C. Banks, French
Camp, aad a number of friends and
neighbors were present, who spent an
enjoyable evening .after the ceremony
was porformed.. * A substantial spread
was served by Mr. and Mrs Banks.
The newly wedded couple have taken
up their residence amongst us and are
the recipients of many pretty^and useful . articles. We join In wishing the
h'appy couple long life and happiness. '
♦ ♦♦♦♦«>♦♦♦
*•.   ♦ ♦
The first league match  at hockey
was played on Monday,* January,2nd,
resulting In a victory for the home
team with a score of 12 to their credit.
J'Frank only succeeded in putting the
time, but*states that things are not' puck three times into Coleman's goat
appreciated.     Song,*H. Owen, '.He's
My .Pal", song, T. Leyshon,. "Bonnie
Alary of Argyll";  chorus, Miss Lucy
Faulkner, "So one cares for me"; song
J. W. Faulkner, "Miner's Dream    of
Home"; song, Miss E: Bradford. May*
pole dance, the children. The splendid
manner in which this was executed
not only reflects credit to the perform-
ers, but to the teachers as well, and
the audience showed thoir appreciation by clamoring for encore, which
were gracefully conceded. " Duet, Miss
C and M. Leffley, "Little Black Coon";
song, Teddy Barnes, "The Girl from
Tennessee";    song,   J. w. Faulkner.
"The Song that Reached My Heart';
chorus, "Jack Johnson Was a Whito
man."     Refreshments   having   beeu
served, dancing then engaged tho at
tentlon  of the  lovers   of  tho  "light
fantastic' until the hour of midnight
approached, and right on the stroke
of 12 the chairman called for the assembly to join hands, when that old
but  ever new  melody  "Auld   Lang
Syne'.wns rendered ln a most earnest
manner, and early in 1911 the members  of  the  gathering  separated   to
their respective homes, highly pleased
with  the  way they had  ushered  in
another year.    *"■'"   -■•>
***** ¥¥**■*•*.
The House
of Bondage
J By iiertha W. Howe
so bright as they might, have been
We hear of our old friend ancl old-
timer in Pass district, namely Johnny
Loftus, "The Mountain Lion," taking
a side door Pullman into Uncle Sam's
domains. ,   -
- The dance class held a very successful social'in. the club hall on Weanes-'
,' day evening, over forty.couples being,
present . There" were a good many
Fernieites present. The' music' was"
furnished by Jas, Davison and Alox
atf-le'time.."' ',
On Tuesday afternoon when the 5.30
„train reached a point a little above
Sitkum, otherwise known as the Rock-
cut, a blonde mule, answering to the
name of "Nellie," evidently" not llkin-,-
tho appearance of the train, butted
into'"same, and came off Becond best
with)a bruise on the forehead. Probably the jar somewhat rankled her
' grayjnatter, becauso on the return trip
she once more essayed "to' pit her po'w-
• ers against tho offender, but now she's
'■ "whero the' lilies grow," having been
completely knocked "horse de combat,'
and the extraordinary sight of a dead
mule was witnessed. Her encounter
did not leave her opponent unscathed
as practically every stop on the.right
side of tho coaches, which fortunately
were .vacant, -. was torn off, porhaps
she was taking a "step at a time."
"Funeral arrangements had not been
completed whon our correspondent
vlsltod the spot.
Tuesday afternoon th'o nftornoon
■shift was compelled to desist work owing to tho freezing up of thcnlf-llne.
The company consldorntoly kopt the
train f,waltlng to onnblo tho men to
return to Fornio. ' "Just about the
tltra tho train was ready to slide down
the hill, word wns brought that an
accident at No, fi had happened, hence
It wns decided to brlnp. tho injured
man to Fornie, conflo<iuontly UiIb additional dolay did not allow the trnln
to leavo tho Creok unlil 7.20.
It appears that Albort Fawcott. niln-
■or world iir In No, 20 room off 21 incline, whilo lotting a onr down with
n liomp ropo nround a post, got tyla
right foot ontangled, drnwing the foot
Into n post nnd wronchlng IiIh clog
loono. InfllotPd very ni-ivore hrulRon
nnd eniHlilii*. tho injured mombor, The
The play generally 'was good, but both
White and Hogan were" towers ot
strength to our team., - * -*-
Robert Horn, until recently in the
employ of the I. C. and C. Co.*as fireboss, has accepted position of superintendent at-the Royal Collieries, Lethbridge.    ...
Sam Shone, formerly pit boss with
the Int. Coal and Coke Co. will hereafter  be superintendent at.  Frank.
George Klllock succeeds to the posi-
Co. caused by the resignation of S.
Shone. ■ .   ■>
'\T. Thompson; fire boss, has been
transferred from No. 2 to No. 4. Thos.
Davis is now looking -after No. 2.
, Tho above changes have .given rise
to. rumors that there are others to follow, but. it will be1 time enough to report, when they actually happen.
The Socialist Party gave ft social
the dance which was-we.l attended and
thoroughly* enjpj'ed. There were Interspersed , with the dances, speeches
and songs. " Comrade C. M. O'Brien,
our member of parliament at Edmonton, delivered a very Interesting
speech on the progress of the Social-
1st Party. Comrade J. D. Harrington
who with comrade J. W. Bennett did
not arrive until late, mnde a short ad-
dross, while the last nnmed prefaced
his romnrks with a possible explanation of the train's dolay being due to
the employees of the C. P. R. complying with rules dealing with "red
flng," and as there wero two on tho
trnln, it waH only to he expected that
It would bo behind lime. He recited
n illrileet story, "flow Christopher Col-
linibiia Discovered the United Stat oh."
Mr. nnd Mrs. Voiirl; Finnish comrades,
gnvo n- duot, the othor artistes being
Smith, Steel and Boyle, Excellent
nuiBlc was furnished. It was onnj
on Saturday morning whon lhe participants tripped "Home, Swoet Homo."
The farewell concert to 1010 given
under the auspices of lhe Friendly
Ordor of Knglos, once ngnln proved tho
capabilities of the members of this
organization to rnnk nmong tho host
of cntertnlnerfl,
I'linctniilly nt S p.m. Mr, Jack Johii-
stono took tho chnlr and announced
ilip opening numbor, "Rod Wiling
Hnnd," sung by children, und grontly
A word of praise to those by whose
efforts the success was achieved is
now in'order. •* R, Jones, chairman of
the* committee ably assisted by A.
Pattison, for the artistic way in which
the decorations that adorned the hall.
W. Muir of the Coleman Hotel for
the presents given; In fact everybody
else, not forgetting the-ladies, who
so willingly assisted with the refresn-
ments.- "We hope there will be another soon,' is sufficient testimony, to
all and sundry. - *',"-.
1911 is now here, and Jack Stout's
New Year's gift, of which he is justly
proud, was a daughter. Mother and
baby are both doing well	
Mrs. J. Crawford presented her better half with a little girl. ' Great sympathy is felt for this family, "as* they
are at present quarantined for fever.
The initial meeting of the Town
Council was held, oh Tuesday r.ight,
and after mutual congratulations and
good wishes had been indulged in the
business began. The first" item was
the reappointment' of the old committees. The" secertary read the balance sheet, iwhich came in for commendation. A large program was
mapped out for the current year, and
ed (let us hope that*-this will not pass
off as "bluff." talk is cheap, though
the road lo West' Coleman is costly).
Some discussion ensued regarding the
propriety of the council giving the subject of technical education consideration in the public schools; then followed a general talk on elementary
education and its influence on the
working class. . Everybody should be
interested in this subject, so vital not
only to the well-being of the community, but to the whole human society,
nnd we trust that the citizens will do
their share towards making Colemnn
an educational centre.
A   High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
♦ ' *■ ♦
♦ ♦_*»*♦♦******
(Received Inst Frldny, too Inte.republication.)
What has become of tho "Good and
Faithful' that wo do not hear of any
meetings Inking place? There Is a
possibility of n Dominion election In
1011. i,    ,
Walter Pnrklll nnd Miss Farkhill aro
spending their Christmns holidays at
Evnn Wllllnms nnd John Twigg nrrived buck In enmp ngnln nftor spending a merry Christmns In Michel,
Mrs, Streithorst arrived from Vnnconvei* on Thursday, nnd from account a received Corbin now possesses
ono of the host singers In the Pass, '
Tlob Rod hond nnd Tom Brown board-
od Iho trnln on Mondny far Michel.
W. Gus Smith Is spondlng his Christ*
inns and Now Yonr holldnys with his
fnmlly who nre now residing at Spo-
The Christmns Iron wns hold hero
Friday, Judgo Blnok noting , finnta
Claus, In tho aftornoon toys woro
glvon out to tho chlldron; In tho ovoning a grnnd concert wnn hold, tho chnlr
bolng Inlion hy A, M. llliirl.. Tho ml*
lowing program wnB rendered. J,
Crooks, Hong; Mm, SlrolthorHl, song;
Mnster CrooliH, song; Corbin nhlldroii,
niimloiil drill; Mrs, HirollliorHl, hoiik;
Corbin chlldron, song: A, M. ninclc,
song; MoHsrs Nulty niul llnrrntollni
("oihln clildron, hoiik.
Tho concort wns followoil by a danco
which wns (-.njnytid hy nil prnsont. Tho
miislo was rendered by MoRHrs Dnvln
nnd Holl. Tho dnnoo hnll wns beautifully ilocornlcd by Mr. nine)., with tho
nblo holp of a fow othors, Tho pooplo
of Corbin glvo Mr, Illack groat <iro.Hl
fnr tho way In which ho has worked In
Irnchlng tho chlldron songs lind drlllfl
'rn- l'-r> OI>i,|„i**,  i ■ i      r\   . i        ii
iln-non tho fnllciwlnj-* prnnontw woro
hfmdod of tho ChrlHtmnH troo: Jno
Trtilm, "Corbin KIiir," n nonl box;
James Wade, 'King of tho Cleaver," a
hnhy doll; Billy Bull, "Tlio Tlouithty
Nlmroil," nbnby doll nnd rnttlo. Now
r,i»., in .      '        ,    , * .... .
.,..,.*(   ...*.. gli,,,. v.*c .^'v._*x:% .       *\,\t, v_.vii*M
n plonHftnl conoort and dnnco, wh.rh
wiir woll nttondod nnd enjoyed by all.
Tfldily Corbin. "Handcuff King." Is
llio ronl llnrry Hudlng. ,\Vo nro worry
lo Hiiy tho lliroad did not work In tho
Cnnta Bootln, liln'old favorite,
Mali Ball rottolvod hli nnnu-il HiHaf•
jmnH Bin. Snntn Olnim presenting him
- with a fine bnhv boy.
J The Big Cnmo AnnodnDon mot 1o
j nhoai hero on Tuondny afternoon. Tho
rosult ■■*■*.» nn follfi-ft-n: IV.*- Olndwin,
122; Jlm novenv. 21; F.d. Roberts, 20.
j Aftor tho inntoh tho lionutlfnl rup
■Slvii-n by Dw Tlhlbtnd Tr/tiling Tom*
'p.iTM' wn* pri'-'r-'nfoif to Ihxc .Imlwln.
\ J*ck Hi«rrln U-ft on Tuesday for
i Colomnn, Wo nro sorry in r.o.o. tho
jlxtyn Kiiins one by ono.
"When I sr-o a man bo-an-.* his
horso," said llsiglii O. Pento.-io^., "I
call out to him to stop, not because the
horse is hurt, but because I feel the
blows fall upon my own back,"
' Waen c«3 mr-ds the story cnllod
"The I-ouio of Bondage." ull tlio
shame, tho humiliation, tlje phy*.i**a)
suffering and degradation of what is
so glibly called "the white slave
traffic* chokes ono's breast like a
broken heart. Rumors and gossip,
now and then an item of court news,
a shakeup in the police force because
of the,too open flaunting of prostitution in some-particular locality, usually produce only a vague, restless dread
of horrors 'which might possibly be
disclosed. To most of us they have
seemed littlo more than idle tales.
But Reginald Wright Kauffman makes
th'em live.     V ,'   „
o He has done it' as the surgeon does
his work, calmly,, sternly and inexorably. He never says: "This is horrible!" He says: "I will tell.yon the
story,of Mary Denbigh.' And If you
listen, it is* j*ou who cry: "This is
horrible! horrible!" In reading the
book j*ou hear the crack of the whip
and feel the lash descend. Thereafter
when you read in the morning paper
of dance halls and moving picture
shows, and cadets, and "protection,'
when you see loitering young women
oh' the streets in the evenings, mere
girls many of them, with sunken,
painted cheeks, there can be no longer
only vague sympathy, no longer a hope
that it is not, as bad. as-*has been
hinted, no.longer a convmiieiu ignorance of what those things mean. You
know that all you hear and see, and
niuch more, is so., Evenj-oung John
D.' Rockefeller says "it is true to life,"
and if he, helpless and hopeless as to
a remedy, can bring himself to say it
is-'so, it is so.   '   ' -        '*
The cause of1 it all? .Po.-.'.ty.'and
again poverty! The cause of poverty?
It is written all over the book in such
plain" words that .any one" who has
learned his letters should be able to
=Sp6j i=_l*^OUl. ■  "= t
Mary Denbigh plead,?:, "Give me
work!" Carrie Berkowli.2, tho shirtwaist striker, bravely demands: "Give
me* and tho other girls work at decent
wages!" Kate Flanagan wore out bor
shoes looking for work, aud if she had
not had an Indomitable . spirit, .she
would have worn that'out too before
she found it. "Work! Work!" is ever
the cry. '. As If to slave at ir.cnl.-il lnboi
for _ong honro, for so" little reward
that n healthy body cannot, he nourish*:.1, upon It, were the grc.aU.,it of
Why la there no health**! 'I, well paid
*..* i-.*K for theso g!r,!*'> Why, in fact, is
there almost.no work at all? ■ Profits,
ever moro profits! That In tho hn-
swor. In that word may be found the
groat underlying cnuso of lt all! Tho
workors who created the factories with
their wonderful machinery, and the
great department stores . with their
mnrvellous economy of distribution,
are compelled to slave In thoso places
for n qunrter of what they produce,
strangers lo their own crontions, allonh
In their own kingdom.
ICatlo Flanagan wiih suffered to work
for $4.50 a week, as a favor, In tho
storo which represented the unpaid labor of hundreds of girls nnd mon, nil
of whom woro working upon suffer-
mice, In nddltlon to this Insult, Katlo
lind to put up with nnotlior. She whs
young, nnd thero wore still Bomo roson
In hor cheeks, bor hnir wnn bifid: nnd
her eyos woro Irish blue. The middle,
nged superintendent could make or
bronk hor, ho Knllo was obliged to
Hwallow her prldo and "keep him
riiohhIiik" nn long nH hIio oould. ho
that she might contlnuo to earn tho
pittance thnt nlood botwoon hor and
tlio street, or Htarvatlon,
Slavery? Worse, fnr worno? Slaves
nro nnt iitnrvod. Slnvon nro not rnv«
agod by lonthsomo dlsoanon. Slnvo
womon novor had tn ond tliolr dava
In rosortH froauontod bv drunken wall*
oro, iih Mary Donhlgh had lo ond hor
mercifully fow onos.
Mnry ncnblRh'B path from tlio tlmo
whon. aH Hlxtonn-vonr-old hcIkioI girl,
Mho nunrrollod with hor ovorwnrkod,
liTllnblo ninlhoi*, iuul ran nwny to ok*
onno a hontlnrr bv hor bnitnl fnthnr,
was markod with tho blood Ntnlnn of
"mofltH." Mux, who took lior to tho
cltv with thn pro'iili-o of mnrrlaco,
Bold her lo Bosc LcRore. Rosr- mado
hoi- prnflln upon hor, dividing tbem
Willi thn Ilnllnn, AinrcUlll wl*o wn«
Hoflo's hall whon sho waa raided—
llioro woro profltH to ho nnld ovon i;*n<in
Uio bnll—and with I.nrrv miev. tho
pn] loom mi. who divided liln Hharo wlili
the mon hlghor up.
.A J. i*. Mit> <>»i.<|io<i I ruin tiav-'f, two
v*<ir..o(. .•.Ylrr-.i 1if.ur- .-* -Vir .•".,,.■ ,-j
tinnrdlnir-linuno keener, who undo
(■ft-mr- thln<r!off hor lnbor. Pad luck
followed her, but no donor ibtw did
tho NomoRlH of "profith." HM found
U'firk In it nilfb'lo -/-lm-i. fomllv In wl'l-lt
lniitii •.■.iih mi ..i.o roiifi'ii'io no'i, rmo *
of Hioho IroubloHomo oxcrn.ro.ito-*. on I
llio putrid body of lho profit uvutoni,
Wlion 1Mb prorlnuH pl-*r.. of v'rt.i--*
oamo homo nftor n rnonfli'n nt)«io"ro
find found Mary thoro, ho romoinlioroil
Imvltir* known bor nt xin«-'n nn'1 wnn
l-Wiovh' sO f.i-ki-'l » t'.,\\ bar iv-i-ii'ii-*!
upon bin ]»dy mothor, wo. hv Um
"*nv hp-' bc-ii , ill, v."* I nnl _._.tu|. il j
I*, bor nnr.imrni." "ilni-y _*..i.t f«. ..<.. -
Then she went or Dw *-»r-_..>i.-.*in !>•.__.{. j
ncK-t tor boratdf Tli- l*nd\tit\\ ilio i
our. tho trn*1o*»ip:on ■*• who kitrv *« J
■■.i .Inr. fll of 11'om *l--*l ho,* 1„r pro-1
Wt. Tl-en -rniiA fftlllns hrnltA. rtl*>j;
l'.<*;*i'i.. f-tU-l U(_,vit., hi'i'i [< I.....H*,. (»rw. , ..j
nnnrtir rli*./ nf ■fu*tA--iorf*. Orr" l", ! il
ilp"iif'*.Hon «l,r. -A-o* i WV b'wo lmt i{-'
In*.* -.re--.--.lnjr mother hurried her on**
of the back door, for there was an
"unmarried sister tb think of," and a
brutal; unforgiving tather to reckon
"Then you think," asked'* Mary
of Hermann Hoffmann, who was
Katie Flanagan's honest German
sweetheart, "they wouldn't go wrong
If Ihey could get decent work at decent wagon?''     .
Hermann looked at her quicklj*.
, "Vould.you?" he asked.
She shivered and shook her head,
sixty-one per cent, out of 4,000,. prostitutes Investigated by a Massachusetts
society, Hermann told her, had no work
when they went Into tho "business"
and no other way to live, The others
were cigarette makers, Bhoo -workers,
textile mill workers, domestic servants
and other poorly paid wage earners,
the outer fringe of the working class
ln almost every case. It is to the
juggernaut of profits, driving the murderous car of poverty, that these girls
are sacrificed.
For. contrast in the book we have
Marian Lennox, a sweet, cultured girl
of Riverside drive, whose father she
describes.in a phrase so delicious that
it alone goes far to justify her existence. She said: "Father Isn't a conservative; he Is the one unprogresslvo
thing in nature; the liberal of a preceding generation." He ,was a respectable, who said that Tammany
Hall "fattened upon horrors;" but he
himself fattened upon profits, not
knowing that it'was his profits which
made" the' "horrors' possible.  v, -■*
"Public notice-is hereby given to the
electors of the municipality of Fernie
that I require the presence of the said
electors at the City Hall, on ■
at 12 o'clock noon (l'p.m. local time)
for the puropse of electing persons to-
ropresent them jn the municipal council as Maj-or and Aldermen.
Mode of Nomination     ,,
- The candidates shall be nominated
in writing, subscribed by two-voters
of 'the municipality as proposer and
seconder, and'shall be delivered to
me at any time between the date of
the notice and 2 p.m'; of the day of
nomination, and In the event of a poll
being.necessary such poll will be "opened, on    •■    , _  '  -    s v
' _     *_ JANUARY -12,   1611 J '__
Hall,- of which every person is hereby
required to take notice and govern
himself accordingly.
- Qualification  for  Mayor
Must bo a male British subject of
the lull age of twenty-one years, and
not disqualified under any law, aud
have been for thesix months noxt procedlng the day of nomination the re
gistered owner in, (he Land "Registry
office of landor'real property in the
city of the assessed value of one thousand dollars or more, over and-above
any registered judgment or charge,
and-who are otherwise'qualified as
municipal voters.1      7
Qualification for Aldermen ■
Must be a male British subject of
tho full age of twenty-one years, and
not disqualified under any law, and
have beeu for the six months preceding the day of nomination'' the regis-,
tered owner in the Land Registry
Offlco, of laudor real property in tho
city of the assessed value of five hundred dollars or more, over and' above
any registered judgment or chargo
and who are otherwise qualified, as
municipal voters.
Public notice Is hereby given tliat
nominations for three School Trustees
for the City of Fernie will be held at
the same time ind placo as nominations for Mayor and Aldermen. If
more than two candidates are nominated a poll.will be granted at the
same time and place as elections for
Mayor and Alderman.
Given under my hand at Fernie, B.
C, this 23rd day of December, 1910.
Returning Officer
T. W. Davies
Special arrangements for
r-ai-tl.u,   etc
Ordtr yonr CbrixtinnM Culcc enrly
Apply for  Trice   List
Ilroad nnd Cakes shipped on the
Local for Hast orn Camps
The Jeweler-That's All
Right on the corner
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
,_ ___________M_R_8._8.,JENNINGSi.PR0PR! ETRES6- ■ ■
Hot and Cold Water j_. A.. Mills, Manager
I am agent for
Tlio Pride of Alberta"
A Flout' of winch ono
trial in all that is needed
to prove its worth.
Try "CttEMO" a break-
fust food tliat is a food
W. G. Warn
General Morchant
Hillcrest    -     Alta,
New Michel
& Blairmore
Fernie's Favorite Theatre
One Night, Monday, Jauy. 9th, 1911
Tho    "H/foiwtt    7UT<
m. * */*s     _,uv r   r    V     jLfjt, I
f*JI€*r* S*SM /.A* tr\
The Fun-Making Troupe of Pierrots
Laugh!      Laugh!      Laugh!
Reserved Seats, 50c
General Admission 35c
,S«AT  PM»   AT .■.trnoAHY'u
Kids 25c
5S3»:» JKs. U«__«_KrXMMMPf £X£'.aC3a_g:*^g^^
■■■ii"-...- V
MMr W/S •'-
\ Death List of Butte Mines |
5. °     '** -7...   -.■..■.■■..j,..-._,7„^j^wUv^w_ix_____iX*ilU»l.»*<¥*<l.¥¥l.¥»*tf^
** ^^^*_^Tr".    %     «-"      -*l~     "  *     'i"5" 1 -   *   "* *^_ _*_i-b    -_p^ .**   y~ "x-
The death roll of miners whose lives
■were sacrificed in the mines of the
Amalgamated-Anaconda copper trust in
^Butte for the .'past two years is given
~_y William Walsh, state mine inspec- j
tor, iu his biennial report to the gover-1
nor recently filed at the governor's office,    iu the mines at Butte 92 miners
were killed in the past two years;   44'
in 1910, and 4S in 19107    This death
* rate is above nine in a thousand.   In
,. some European countries the mines
are closed by- the government when
the death rate exceeds four per thousand.     Thero aro about 5,000 miners
'   employed • underground In  tho  Butte
i1' „
Johnson. St. Lawrence; Thomas (iood-
man, Gagnon*. Mike Ryan, Anaconda..,
John Rodgers, St. Lawrence; Frank
Breeuean.St. Lawrence; Thomas Gallagher, High Ore; P. Gradient, West
Colusa;, John Laki. St. Lawrence;
Kunzrig, Speculator; William Thomas,
Mount View; John Venneto, West
Stewart; John Cousins, Anaconda;
Thomas Nivas, Leonard; Autone Des-
jardis; Mount View; James McDowell,
All of the above mines, excepting
possibly three, belong, to the Amalgamated-Anaconda copper combine. The
roster, of the violently killed is a long
and pitiful one.    *
inspector's    report    fur-
,Tho  mine .
nishes the following causes of death;
employe.-unaergrouna in tu«»^ ^rematlh.e. blftsting. eighteen; fall ot
mines, and the killings in 1909 b> tne ^^ twenty.flvo; failing down chute,
various Butte mines were as folows. slxteon; falling down manway, twelve;
Fred Smiles, in'the Black Rock; .suffocated by foul air, five; pulled In
George Lumpley, in the Speculator; ■ sheaves wheel, one; falling timber,
ueorge uun_u «->• | f|        BiecMe  shock,  three;   caught
William Harvey, Bell; Waltei bweet,
Speculator;   William, Rodman, Never-
sweat. Fred Twechel, Leonard;   Pan
Sweeney, Leonard; John Martin, Leonard; Hugh Carney, Diamond; George
Lazersich, West. Stewart;   Pat Dyre,
High Ore;  Ole Espus, Diamond; Ed.
Splllman,' Diamond;  Louis Moe, Diamond;     Joseph ' Walden,   Diamond;
7James Pierce, Mountain View; Stephen Murphy, Parrot; Peter Jensen, Leonard; Richard Slater, Alex Scott;  P.
Sullivan, Mountain Con; George Sasso,
High Ore;  Frank Swyno, High Ore;
Joseph Siros Moonlight; James Hughes
Little. Mina; Mike Galevlch, Mountain
Con. Martin Wcstpn, Tramway; Harry
Nichols, Mountain View;  Frank Raf-
tery, Mountain Con;  James Goggins,
Black Rock; "Sam Bill. Leonard;  Eli
Hoskl, St: Lawrence;  D. Harrington,
Anaconda: Mike Donahue, Speculator;
.William Cassidy,  St. Lawrence;     D.
Sullivan,  Gagnon;     Matt  Callo, Diamond;, James   Young,   Little   Mina;
Ole  Eavonson,  Parrot*/ Harry Kitto,
Diamond; Pat Murphy, Berkeley; Peter* Gallagher,. Pittsmont;' James Harrington,   Speculator;   Mike   Lowney,
Leonard; James Mc Andrews, Pennsy-
-; lvania; Frank Rooney. Tramway. Pat
Brown,  Tramway.      The  killings  in
1910 in the Butt,e mines included the'
following .victims:      Robert    Freely,
Gagnon; John Gardson, Original;-Michel Mulvill. Balaklava; Tom johnslon
 <_...____,._ •_**_,•___ jukfi_Lv.o»s.7A_ij_ac____l____
*jij*c'j*.-»*«-»,*'«*k»-     —--■■■ 	
five;   electric  shock,  three;   caught
by cage, twelve.
In nil tho other mlnos of tho state
only five miners were killed, and mining is carried on in nearly every county in tho state and the total number
of miners employed is estimated by the
inspector to be 15,000.     Out of an estimated 5,000—or 6,000 at tho outside
—miners employed in the Butte mines
92 miners were killed in two years,
hile out of those employed in all otne.
.parts of the stale, but fivo.were killed.
Of the three miners killed in 1909
outside of Silver Bow county, one was
killed In Jefferson county, one in Lewis'
and Clark and one in Fergus; of the
two killed in 1910, one was killed' in
Jefferson and one in Broadwater county.   ' In calculating the rate of killed
per thousand, tho inspector bulks all
the killed together aud thus arrives at
tlitf rate of 3.6 per thousand, for-15.000
miners employed.** ^Under this rating
the true, character of the mines of the
Amalgamated-Anaconda trust as man-
killers   is   hidden,   and   the  combine
ought to be grateful for this shelter.
The inspector's comment on the rat-
ng, however, is still critical.   He says:
"While it is true the percentage,of
mine accidents in this state compares
favorably with.that of other states, it
is still too high."
If the per cent of 3.6 miners per
thousand killed in Montana yearly
"compares favorably" with the' rate in
other states, how-does the rate of nine
or ten per thousand in,the combine's
mines compare? '" The inspector says
that some of the killing is criminal
negligence, and declares that this kind
of crime should be punished as fully
as any other criminal offence. His
ways in tho two years, and the inspector comments upon the 1910 record as
follows:      "In reviewing, the various
causes of accidents there is attributed
to falling in manways" and ore chutes
seventeen, which should not have occurred.     The inspector's.report does
not say. why this should not have occurred, but no doubt the manways and
chutes might have been kept closed
had the company allowed the miners
time for it, or had they taken the time.
Biit the rush to get out the'ore in the
mines is one of the deadly conditions..
One of the most interesting comments in relation to thc Butte mines
in the report is' as follows:
"Tho fact that one mining company
of the district has operated from two
to three properties for years, and lost
but a man or two and these through
their own careless handling of oxplo-
sivse, Is sufficient evidence that other
properties could ho operated on the
samo basis or nearly. Jt can bo done
if proper precautions are taken by
the management."
Possibly tho Clark mines  are the
exceptions noted In this.    The inspector of course is not explicit.     That
is contrary to all custom In' Montana
1 ndealing with the copper combine
wliich is altogether too powerful in
politics, Industry ■ and business to be'
criticised    openly by  officials, * 'city-
county, or. state.     The Inspector has'
proof that mines alongside of the Amalgamated company's can be operated
with  comparative  safety,  and  states
the fact.     But he does not draw,an
open'comparison, and he' is helpless to
remedy the, evil.    -Year  after pear,
in all the mine inspector's reports, it
may be read, that the mining    laws
merely empowers him to-notify mine
operators of dangerous conditions, but
gives him no authority whatever to
enforce changes in operation.     The
combine's  lobby  takes -care  of  that
150 panes, leather bound. Best thiol on th» subject ever written. Illutntlni all Fur Ar;m»tj. AU
about Trappers' Secrets. Dccoji. Trap., Uii_ laws. Hoir an4 where to trap, aud tt become rne-
-ccssful trapper. Il'saresularEncjck.pfdia. Prico, $2. To our customers. *1.2o. H^cstanr.ed into
beautiful Holies. Our Ma.netic Bait aud Deop5aUractsanimalstotrap_. tl.OOperbottle^Ship touj
Hides and Fwa to wand get hidiestwices. Aailereeh Bro*, Dejt. 91   i_nEC«BO_ls,iUlJ»
Of fire: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours 9-12; 1-6; 7     - .   Phooo72
B. C,
,     .0 * . -     -  . • . *
when the legislature'is in session. ■ It
Mike Daub/East Butte; Costa Belllou,,    "It is, true to  a large extent that
„ n     _-,,   •    .__.. o.  t-.wvphi-p-   nearly all accidents in mines"are due
fif Saven   Tony Trasley  Tramway, Ipart of the officials or carelessness on
Sg?iSS,' BaSrf^ohn Freel, |year Is patent to any individual.
Gagnon, Dennis McKagrue, Speculator;
John ' Nile, St. Lawrence; John
. Sweeney, East Gray Rock; John Kal-
wa, Speculator; .Tohn Gayser, Pennsylvania; Dan McCallon, Tramway;
Richard Matthews, Speculator;*,Henry
_  The
former should be punished by the same
method and to tho same extent as any
other, crime equally disastrous to innocent, persons.*
Sixteen miners fell down chutes to
their  death  and  twelve  down  man-
keeps the law as It-is. This year its
lobby will be on hand as -usual to prevent changes.
Year by year the inspector recommends laws to remedy these and other
evils in .the mines at Butte/ "This
lime he says: "Others" (miners) have
been killed by coming in contact with
live wires which should have,been carried or placed in positions to prevent
men from coming in contact with them.
You will readily see from the recommendations why -a law should be* enacted -goverjiing al lsuch dangerous
practices."     '       •
Laws are needed in the mines of
the-trust to cover many conditions.
accidents," there is another army of
victims tb hideous sanitation and ventilation. Thc Butto mines' have long
been in need of laws to prevent these
savage killings; laws to give good
air; laws to give sanitation. Will the
coming legislature onco more permit
the Moloch to escape, or will it force
the latter to expend a tithe of the millions of money the miners aro digging
out of the Butte hill upon' the protec-
That eminent band, or  gang,    of
philanthropists Tknown as the American Tobacco Company has, through the
partnership flimflam, started, ln to do
Its employes good,  * It Is a company
that has always been noted for kindness.    Many small dealers have been
relieved of the necessity,or rather, of
the possibility, of continuing in business. -  Many raisers of tobacco, have
been relieved ot the burden of continuing to  own the land on wh|ch the
tobacco Is raised.     Many manufacturers have been retired, unpensloncd
and often penniless, and given leisure
in which to contemplate the beauties
of   superior industrial organization.
From . the first the clerks of the
company have shared in these charitable operations. Idleness is-a sin;
the company has-driven them to an
extent that places their industry among the higher., virtues. That:they
might not be tempted and lapse, the
company has charitably placed guards
over them, though the men call these
guardian angels by: the shorter and
uglier and truer name of spies.  .
"Now the company is going to
"share" with its clerks. -. ""*
So that it may not appear like rank
paternalism the company evens things
up, and to encourage the men to' share
in the profits and to overcome .any
lurking bashfulness they- may have,
the company begins .by" "sharing', in
the wages of the men.     ■ ^ ,     ■ ?
Plainly stated, the' company has
slashed wages, -slashed right to the
bone, slashed in all' directions, -and-
before • there ..will-be any'"sharing"
by the men in the profits of the company ' they must ■ first -make up what
has "been, taken away from them. This
will he a long . and painful process,
and many "a* clerk will be discharged
before he reaches the point where he
can share in the learnings' of the.trust
Those who will share, even to a limited extent, will first have to increase
greatly the earnings of the trust.
JThe whole scheme, from beginning
to° end; is intended to speed the men
up, keep them "in _ state of more abject'submission—and increase profits.
As profits always go to the employer
this is a point with'which the-men
T'nif, also
*i * v- ' '   i     O
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
j J •"*-..-,     . iv        .
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5; 6 to 8.
. Residence 21 Viotoria Ave
L. P. Eck»teln
Cox Street
have absolutely nothing to do.
It happens that the American
tion of their lives? ■
bacco Company has stores In* every
large, city in the United States. The
f-ooils are always. non-union. " Thoy
are produced by poorly paid labor.
Tliey are sold by poorly paid labor.
Now the sellers are to haye .their
wages reduced .and are supposed to
submit because" there Is an ilius-ry
promise of "partnership." Tho makers
ol tho cigars will soon havo the samo
game worked on them
will be "taken in."'
All along the public has been taken
ln.    Purchasers have been fooled with
coupons   and  premiums— their "dividend"—and have received inferior ar-1 Fernie, B. C.
tides. and smaller    packages.,   The
company has sliced and pared In all
directions.     It has taken lt out of
tho purchasing public, out of the makers, out of the raisers and out of the
clerks.      '""'
Is lt any wonder that the company
can  pay huge dividends,**   especially
to. those on the inside?' , Is it any
wonder that - lt can tako over the
complete bond Issue of, a state, and
thereby practically take a mortgage on
the state? Is it any wonder that it F- c> Lawe"
can branch out and lay plans for a
cotton goods trust? ■ Is it any wonder that it can take oyer the licorice
business? ' All of It is* done through
its 'profit sharing" schemes, beciiiise
in its i*rofit shsrin;*; it takes moro Uian
it co u _ have got-su. through ordinary
means of exploration.
There is but one word to characterize its action—it is the rankest kind
of swindling.     -All its professions of
partnership and philanthropy are lies,
deception and hypocrisy.     There has.- Calls
never" been any intention except .to
make"more money.   .The new scheme
gives that, opportunity and:. the fool
clerks'are to have their wages- reduced and as compensation there is offered, an indefinite share in the profits.
-1 But'the clerks,'even, though   they
should strike,°can do little.'" To begin at the beginning it will be necessary to unionize the factories in which
the goods, of'the trust are produced.
That work-is up to the-cigar makers'
union..    The' Socialist party has Ions
advocated it.  . One way of commencing the "good work Is to. refuse to patronize .the- United" Cigar Stoies.     No
real iinio.i man will do it.     No   Socialist will -ioi.t.'   They can pass tho
word alon:. audi _isuade others not to
patronize ih-'-m. - And there is .i sood
reason .for  such  actions:   the goods
of the tru-it arr-pn-par wi_i its pl-lV
anthropy.—New York Call.  '   .
 Mi2(]____,T__e—suggestion—made- above.
,_.. that the  Cigar  Makers'   Union. may
T')-' start in to unionize the employees   of
the Tohacco' Trust, is a. timely one.
The Tobacco   Trust is an exceedingly
powerful  organization ' and  its  high
W. R. Ross K. C. W. S. Lane
.    ROSS & LANE   .
Barristers and Solicitors
D. E. McTaggart
,  A. McDougall," Mgr
Manufacturers of and Deal1'
ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber ,
Send iis your orders
Fernie B. C.
Alex. I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
Veterinary Surgeon
promptly  made,  day. or
and satisfaction assured.
Office, Fernie .Livery. Fernie, B.C.
»y y* **********************
\   ROMA HOTEL   ?
Dining Room'and Beds under
New Management.
.    t   ■' .."
First class table board
Meals 25c.'-* Meal Tickets $5.00
I' -   * Rates $1.00, per day        i
5      R. Henderson,   Dining Room Mgr'       I
Jt "_._._.__J •__•'• *
priced officials are-well versed In all
the moves .of the, Industrial checkerboard., They havo already demonstrated by their tactics that it is not a difficult mattor to minimize the effects
of unionism. " A cigar store engages
in businoss and sells nothing but label
goods but as it is essential that* a
profit be made a certain price must
bo asked. 'n   So. far so  good.     The
Trust In the retail stores sells both
Union and non Union products, but the
former are sold al cost and as is natural the Union man sees no objection
tb patronize tliem, because by so doing
not only doos ho "patronize tho Union
and conforms lo Its principles,    but
also, and this Is a factor lo bo considered,  ho  gots  thom  cheaper  for
tho timo bolng..     What is tho outcome?      Tho  exclusively  Union  op-
orated storo cannot combat with Its
competitor and succumbs.     The Prosldont of the A. F. of L, Snmuol Com*
pors,. still rolnlna mombersiilp In tho
I Cigar Makers' Union anil urges his
follow workors to support thoir friends
and punish their enemies, yet strongly
Involghs against a political party for
tho benefit of tho working class,   If
tho workors can obtain n fow moro
crumbs by colloclivo nctlon than by
Individual offort, It is only lo bo ox-
period that thoy will do so, lionco the
Union, and nono cnn blamo thom as
ovoryono Is anxious to got all ho'can
and finding thin obtainable by co-oporn
lion with his fellows ho Joins lho Union
of hie crnft,   If lho advantngoa of an*
Hoiiliillon, ou  llio Indstrlnl field Mo
miido mnnlfoHt It Is for ovory worlc*
liiBintin to nBk lilniflolf why not also
co-opr-rnlo on llio political flold not
only for lho honoflt of tlio crnft but for
Uio onllro working claHB?)
On first class
business and residential   property.
Bar Unexcelled  .
All White Help
.    Everything;
* Call in and. -
see us once .,
, ^"     . '  ■'
- E_____a__B___aa________
.   -  iit ■__
.-*   .     <fo.     *
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
{'Fernie Dairy
delivered .to   all.
parts of tho town
Sunders & Verhaest Brothers,
J Proprietors
^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^ **•
:   The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading 'Commercial
anil Tourist Housii    ' *"
S. F. WALLACE, Prop!
Chnrtered Accountant, Assignee, Llq
uldator and Trustee; auditor tc
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
Mimical I'liiili'H anil Piuicoh ■•ntoral
for,   Tlm lii'Hl anil very IiiUihI
,   iiiiihIo In Uio iIIhU'Ii'I.
l-'or I'liHIuiiliii' apply to /-
Thos. Masianobllo. Box 983' Pornle
or Biff. Xaocarro
P. O. Box 308
H. H. Depew
Whether 3rou live in*Nova Scotia, British Columbia, or anywhere between, your nearest post,
express or lreiynt ouicc it> inauU^u.v u w*-nca
ot Simp-son's.   Simpson"* WiU Cumv io leu,
Wc Serve Every Citizen
of the Dominion on Equal Term*
You order from our cotaloeue nt resvlar Jorovio pntn.
We Pay Delivery Charges, Rverythittg we sell, except certain
heavy or bulky roo<1h (which nro clearly specified in our
caluloKiie) is Shipped Prepaid.
Vou don't hnvo to co to Toronto to shop nt Simpson's.
Send for the Catalogue Now—It's
You can have the benefit of our immense
stocks, our great variety of goods and our low
prieet***, li&hl vvacr*.; you arc.
All customers who buy nt our store nre prlvlleccd--if they
desire—to return the goods and get their money brie*. You
cm hnve ihe same privilege, no mutter where you live, nnd we
/rnn fytinitinrfiifrott eharees both ways,
Send for our Mid-Winter Sale Catalogue. Tho prices in
it nro upectal. It is filled -with biu-fraiim, such nn Toronto
shoppers wait for nnd snap up. This cntnloguo given you
tho snmo chnnco to srwc money.
Just nddress n postal to Dept. No. 68 , wayltij;
"Send mc your Mid-Wlnlur Sulu CuUlotfU-u."
Tho report flfinio from llio Hli-llco ro*
Klon In *8oulli Wrilofi lliht. In Alionliiro
tlio nilllllii rofiisoil to iimrcli imnliiBt
tlio niliioi'H. TIioho Rolrtlor mon woro
illHiirmoil ami viiiluly ltiimlioil and Jcor-
od ut tliolr opaulottoil offlcoi'H. With
lho growth of UiIh nplrlL anioiiK lho
rank nml fllo ot tho citizen aolillory
thoy will hononio vtiIiioIohh an anion to
tho mastor elnnH In tliolr offortH to
cnorco rolicls Into milijoellon, TIiIh
Htalo of iiffairs l» HtroiiKthoiilw. tho
contention of (ho oonHcrlpllon imp*
portom who nro dotonnlnod tlmt tf
,      . .   I    1      -I      l.il r.     nllri„i|ll*>
IliUI.      (..IIIHUt     Ul*     *,.*._«.C»     L....1     ..„Xi      l-'t,
DwrncoXvott tn lio need n« pliant -nrnr*
dor tooln wlion tlio omorRonny nrlfloH,
compulHloii Is Irnporatlvo, Tho paid
Boldlor may object to bo iihciI aa a
"club,1 mul thon tho cons'erlpMontRt will
bo nt tliolr wltH* end what, courso to
Tho most offoctlvo way to Inflamo
"patriotism" would ho to Btnrt a war
abroad Romowhoro, Bay 1'orflla or Tato-
Konla, or nny othor plnco, otherwise
"tionHon" will Boon flourlf.li Hho a
uroen bay troo.
Lizard Local General Tcam»terB No.
*141.   MootB ovory Kridny nlRht nt
8 p. m.   Minora'   union   hnll,   J.
JachBon, I'rotildoiit;   13.   Man-Hiam,
HocordliiB Hopretiiry.
P, O. BOX 423.,
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Moots 2nd
nnd -itli Sundays nt 8.110 p.m. Socrotnry J. A.,aoiipllI, Waldorf Hotol.
Qladmone Looal No. 2314 U, M. W. A.
Moots 2nd mul Hli Tiiurmlny Minora
Union hnll.    J). Hoon, Set.
Typographical Union No. B5B' Moots
Inr-,** Rnhinlfiv In pncli month nt tho
Lodger Offlco. A. J, Oiiclilo}', Soc*
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
,  for Sale v.
A •"*     J-
t George Barton    Phone, 78 j
Mlnatorl fl prG-sKlnmfi dl Informnrvl
dl Blaro vin dl Mlrhol, 11. C, miollo
oho nloto fuorl, oiHcndo cho nd tempo
■proRente vlfl molln Rfinlp dlM-occiipatfl.
if.-uuwrc MTinnrsT.!*
Hc-Krt'tnilo   dl   _lmwi7.ii doll; IJnlono
Lix-ulk- n, 2,3*11 Mlohol,* n. C.
Local Fornio No. 17 8. P. of C. Moots
In Minors Union Hnll eviry Sunday
nt 7.4G p.m. Evorybody wolcomo. D.
Taton, Scci'ctary-TrcaBuror.
Amalgamated Boelety C«rpent«i*« »nd
Jolnen:— Moot In Minors Hnll overy
■alternate Thursday nt 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. O. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpentnre and
Jolner$.—I.ocnl 1220. 1), J. Kvnnu.
Pn-nldnnt: V. H. fllinw, flnerotary.
Awent   Vernle   nraneh
Pcll-att    Ave.    Korth
V ■~"^rv_*rrJr'"
The Week's News for
"'      ""' ' ' 7'1"- •;     --,-•• „ • .   '   .*■'    " r  '' -'       ,     -
Our Foreign Brothers I
Du; proletarson, som icke ager en
turn av nagot land. Du, som icke agei*
"fiskrat'f," "jaktratt" eller nagon annan
"ratt" , Vad intresse har dii av att
forsvara, vad drorarna ha plnat ut ay
. dig och dlna forfader?- Kom! folj mlg
till -de stora slagfalten, dar millloner
av dlna fattlga kamrater genom "artu-
senden blevo slaktade 1 krlg fory_de
maktagandes egendom och prlvilegier.
'. Den store massmoidaren Napoleon
liar over 9,00,000 oskyldtga mannislcollv
pa sitt sataniska samvete. I slaget
vld Leipzig slaktades 143,000 soldater.
Vld Waterloo- folio- 4C.000. I det
fransk-tyska kriget mordades 500,000
manniskor. Krimkrigot kravde 785.-
000 liv. Dot amerlkanska "borgarkrl-
get" 95(),000. I d^sista 3,000 areh ha
over 40" millloner slaktats 1 krig varje
arhundrade. Det blir-1,100 varje dag
och 46 varje timma. I det 19:do ar-
liundradet ha nara 20 millloner manniskor mordats i' "lagliga" "arorika"
•"krig" och det blott i det "kristna"
Europa*  '^   '.
.Att'slass blott for att slass ar ratt,
"nedrigt och dumt.     Den, som I det
dagllga livet gor det, bllver kallad slag-
skampe och inbiirad som "vadlig for
den. offentllga sakerheten."     Men ar
, det icke.lika ratt och. dumt av, prole-
• tarer' att slass for ett fosterland, som
de aldrig ha agt och for en klass, som i
; Ta'rkliglieten overallt ar proletarernas
Kamrat! .. Krig ai* mord och mord ar
brott.     Brottet bliver cj battre eller
vackrare aven om. du far en vasatrissa
for" att du mordar. 7 *   '*
* - Proletar!     Du   behandlas   som, en
hund!     Overkiassen gor jorden till ett
helyete for dig och livet till' en tortyr
och de "herrar" som hundsvottera och
trampa pa dig vili du offra ditt Hv for!,
•Finns .det fornut't i det, tycker-du?
Vem.kladei' din moder i trasor och for-
bittrar* livet-for" lienne med fattigdom-
ens heniska horda?   -Vem. gjorde din
fadeP till  slav och salde^honom. pa
■ _attlghjonsauktion da ban var utsllten?
Vem stal lfran.dig all gliidje i barn-
dom'en.och tva'ng dig*in" i grottekvar-
nen.da du yar ett barn blott?   Oyer-
>klassen, .kamr.it!      Overkiassen, som
"ager all makt pa.jorden. ". 7-
Vill du tack'a dem for'denna behand-
. ling genom att offra dit't liv for dem?
.7*. I det 19:"de arhimdradet'kostade det
. 20. millloner   manniskoliv,   att   farga
' kungarnes' kappor" roda. ■   Det ar dyr
*-*farg-.det,  du'. *'" Lat-dem. farga" dem
ganger och avlagsnar sig Igen. Itopen
bli allt ■ hogjuddare och du ser. officer-
arhe radplaga med .yarandra. Man be-
faller" dig att ladda med skarpa skott*
Du ser frainfor dig just sadana mannl.
kor som de, ur vars mitt* man tog dig
och jorde dig till rekryt: man_-i blusar,
korta jackor och skor med trasulor;
kvinnor, kladda som din hustru eller
din mor. _
Maii befaller dig forst att skjuta over
mangdens huvuden; mangden skingrar
slg likval icke, utan ropen juda allt
starkare och da far du befallningatt
pa fullt allvar skjuta mitt i hogen.
Man har sagtdig. att du Icke ar an-
svarig for ditt skott. Men du vet* ju
att du. och ing9n annan har dodat den
man, som blodando stortade omkull
darborta, du vet att ban skulle ha levat
annu, lfall du Icke hade skjutit honom.
Vad skall du gora? .   ,       (>
Det tjanar Ingentlng till, att du 1
dag vrider ditt gevar at sldan och vag-
rar att skjuta pa din broder. . I mor-
gon kan sammahistorla-aterupprepas
och darfor maste du, antingen du vill.
eller icke, overlagga med dig sjalv om,
vad det egentllgen ar, gom tvlngar dig
att skjuta pa dlna vapenlosa broder. '
-Man juger pa ett grovt satt, da man
sager dig, att befaltiavaren ar ansvarig
for dina handlingar och icke du sjalv.
Kan ditt samvete vara hos nagon annan an. hos dig sjalv? *,Hos fanjunk-
aren,, korpralen, oyersten eller vilken
som lialst?.      * ,. - _■   .
Nej. ty ingen kan bestamma for dig
vad du har att gora eller'rdnderlata,"*ty
manniskan ar alltid sjalv ansvarig for
sl'na handlingar.
-7sjalva!*. "Krig ar systematlskt .mor:
-dande. . Krig ar helvetlskt vansinne.
'.Krig ar de harskandes karaste miss-
foster^ „ Krig gagnar aldrig.arbetarne.
1 Krlg bar" flaclcat varje tidevarv med
■ oskyldigt blod! ■      „
Skall mera oskyldigt, blod do'flyta
•pa dfetta -prlvntkapltallsmens . .fulasle
.." tiltare?      _ .
Arma prolefar!     Vlll du Icke vakna
och'forsta attdu ar skapad till nagot
*- battre an att blvla kanonfoda. *
.   Tank pa skaldfins ord:
,-. "Lat de rlka for mat och for brnsor,
for klador och ntutningar slass—
vart homland det ar vara trasor,
■" vart homland tar Ingen fran oss."
Ned'med kriget! Kampa mod and-
ens vapen, for frld och Iycka pn jor-
(lon! .      '
,—Prltlof Weronskjold.
L'Empire Japonaiso commence, a
sevir ^galement contre les" iddes dm-
ancipatrjces (iui envahissent lai, race,
jaune. ,,., "
Le Dr. Kotoku, sa femme- et' plusi:
curs amis one e~td traduits devant la
justice-japonaise pour conspiration
contre la famille impdriale; ils". ont
6te condamn^s a la peine de mort.
• Doujird Kotoku est un. homme de
grande education, qui donna lout son
temps a la traduction- des ouvrages
scientifiques moderne's en langue japonaise;. Karl Marx, Leo Tolstoi, Pierre'
Kropotkine et Bakounine furent les
principaux auteurs traduits, pa - Iui."
Les. charges contre •'Kotoku et ses
amis sont fausses, jamais il n'y cut de
complot d'ourdi par eux; toutes leurs
salaries japontls.
. Les' gouvernements asiastiques iml-
tent leur confreres de l'Occldent; mais
co n'est pas cela qui arretera la marSe
montante des rcvendicatlons sociales
d'aboiitir.       •"*.„"
"HELP"    I
Us pay money to white labor |
COPYKIGHT. 1903. BY THE NEW YORK EVENING fELlViSAifl  [fitrJ Y0KK HERALD CO.).   All Rights Reserved.
'.;■' '" '   ' IRELEASE JUNE 18- '
Leo Tolstoj, den storo tanknren liar
ekrlvlt ett upprop till Rysslands Bold-
ator. .
• Sa bar skrlvor linn.
. Man for dig till ett Bagvnrk ollor on
fabrllc och du ser pa lnnfit avstand ott
fllort vimniol av manniskor: man och
kvinnor, ban och aldrlngar. L'andBho-
vdlnReii, fogdon, pollsen m. fl. nnrma
elg manRden och tala.
T horjnn hallor hIr folkmasBan atllla,
mon sn borjar don att ropa nllt liogro
och linRro och myndlghotornn foravln-
.m. Du Rlssar att dosfla manniskor
axo bonder cllor fnbrlkBarbolaro, som
Tm rost Big och man bar fort dig lilt
for alt undortryoka rosnlngon.
tlofalot narmAr Big nmngdon flora
Whatever Socialism may be, and it
is hard to get any'clear idea on tho
subject, the public ownership of public utilities Is not Socialism, but its
opposite. Yot, the Secretary of. the
Retail Merchants of Canada declares
that the public ownership of public utilities Is Socialism. Socialists aro as
tho sands of tho sea for numbers and
vary as-^ho star for tho amount of light
they shed. Perhaps as fair a description of their vlows as Is possible may
ho given in two oxcorpts from tho platform of tho Gorman Social Domocratlc
the first on tho oconomic Bide declaring tho conditions thoy clnlm to oxlst
tho aocpnd, declaring the' object to bo
nlmcd at:'
Evor greater gr-ows tho mass of
tho proletariat, ovor vaster tho army
of tho unemployed, ovor sharper tho
contrast botwoon opproRsora and oppressed, ovor fiercer that war    of
clnssos bctwoen bourgoolso and prolo
tarlat which dlvldofl modern society
Into two hostile camps.
Horo wo havo the world dlvldod Into
two hostile cninpB instead of being organized In sopnrato Btaton   wherein
each cltlzon lias his appropriate rights
and dutleB.
Tho Gorman Social Democrats nro
• not, therefore, fighting for new class
* privileges and rights, but for the abolition of class government,,and even
, of classes themselves, and for univer-
—sal-equality— of—rights-rand—dutiesr
. without distinction or sex or rank.
Which is expressed in:.
The conversion of capitalist'' private ownership of the means of production—the earth and its   fruits,
• mines and quarries, - raw material,
• tools, machines, means of exchange—
Into social ownership, and the substitution of Socialist production, carried on by and for society,' in the
place of the present, production of
commodities for exchange. .
Now government - ownership differs
vitally from anythingJlke that.    It introduces the government, Into the ranks
of thc capitalist.     The, government
borrows money at flxod rate of Interest
on the collective credit, of the community.    It Invests that monoy In public'utilities and operates them so ns
to pay lntorest and maintenance without In the slightest degree distributing
tho existing economic basis of society.
,Publlo utilities   are   really   sorvlcos
which cannot bo rendered to tho peoplo
oxcopt under monopoly conditions. Nobody would dream of having two competitive street car linos cumbering tho
stroots.    Somo Biich sorvlcos aro own-
od by tbo government, some are not,
but tho principles of reRuIatlnp; by char-
tor thoso which aro not Ib thoroughly
recognized,     Believers In govornment
ownership hold that it Ib ono of the
duties of tho governments to own all
mich natural monopolies within thoir
rospcctlvo Jurisdiction.    But thoy also
hold that wlioro aril f icl al monopolies
havo appeared tho principle of competition will (iBsort ilflolf as tho host
mentis for tho rownrd of Industry and
tho organization of socloty If lawful
devices which could alone create such
monopoly are prevented and punished.
This is within the power 0 frepresentative governments. They also stoutly
of the Socialist* could not be carried
out by any conceivable community
without the immediate formation'of a
central power, which from its control
over the individual would develop into
an unbearable and ineradicable bureaucracy.—The Winnipeg Telegram.
Sant, located in Scotland, makes the
following report on submarine coal
mining in that country:
The Fife Coal Company, whose employes numbor 15,000, is at- present
sinking shafts nt Valleyflold, five
miles from Dunfermline, and building
a miners' settlement of 4000 or 5000 Inhabitants. Already $200,000 has beon
spent on this colliery and work, and
it is estimated that $2G0,00 additional
will bo roqulred before the coalpits
will bo in full operation. Tho' pits'
nro locatod nlong the Firth of Fourth
and sovornl "shafts run moro thnn a
mile undor tho sea. Tho first project for drnlnlng coalpits by machinery
wnR located nt this point, togothor
with the sinking of n coalpit undor
water, in 1590. In 1025 a storm dos-
troyod tho moat from which tho coal
beds havo remained Idle until. now,
though repented attempts havo boon
made lo work thom,
An IntoroHllng experiment In housing tho -miners Is bolng mado near tho
sea. A dozen housos near the 'water
are each to bo provldod with a bathroom for tho mlnj-irfl, including hot
and cold water.    The Idea Ib thnt the
workers would-have    two    suits   of
clothes, one for use underground and I
another for wear-in going to and from*
.tlu. colliery. :Aft6--work-Uicy--asccnd-
the shaft; enter the bath and reappear
inquiry at the company's office elicited the Information' that only about
one miner in five will avail himself of
these privileges, although the cost to
each miner -would not be more than
$10 per "year extra, in addition .to his
rent.    ..   " '
Considerable mining machinery and
miners' tools will be required in this
newly started colliery and the setlle-
ment around It, which lt la expected
will grow rapidly owing* to the abundant supply of coal discovered,.and it
will need supplies of all kinds, such
as usually are required in such a neighborhood.
Quarterly Dividend NoticTe
Notice is hereby given that a dividend at the rate of SIX
PER CENT, per annum has been declared upon the paid-up"
capital stock of* .he Home Bank  of   Canada  for  the   three
months ending the 30tn day of November, 1910, and the same
will be payable at the Head Office or  any   branches of the
.Home Bank on and after Thursday, the First day of Decem-
The transfer books will be closed from the.lCth to the 30thy
day of November, 1910; both days inclusive.  ,",.'.- ".y'"y'"".''"*
By order of the Board. . i JAMES MASON,
Toronto, October 26th. t General Manager.
; ■%>r»
. Everybody knows that going into
the navy for a young mnn, who doos
not go with n commission, is tho vory
acme of idiocy. ■ Tho great Dr. Johnson onco said of tho Drillsh army that
ho did not understand how any man
would enlist in it, who had sonso
enough to got Inlo jail, And'that npplios oquolly to tho sorvlco In our
navy to-day.
Tho boy spends threo or four yonrs
—In a sorvlco situation. What ho
lcaniB thero Is of no possible use.' IIIb
moral surroundingH aro unspeakable,
At tho end of tho first term of servlco,
ho Iiiih his cliolco nf going on In that
nost hope-loss of all civilized conditions
—tho life of n common Bailor—or of
coming nnhoro and trying to cntch up
In tho rnco of lifo after loalng thla
vnlunblo timo.*~II. II. Wnlmtaloy.
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
D17 Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
"  Gents' Furnishings
Result of Vote for District Officers
District No, 18, U. M. W. of A.
2j 10
H \J*
a Si
»<   tt
For ProBident,
Powoll, W. B. ..
Harrington, J, D.
Spoilt .. .. ^ ■ ■
FoT Vice-President*.
Stubbs, G	
Tuppor, J. A.  ..
Evans, Robt	
Spoilt    ■•   ■■.___
For District B. M.
(bub. l»»t*. Mo. i)
Smith, J. E	
MoLoan, W. ....
KrivlnuM, J.   ..
(Sub. Dist. No. 2)
Oraham, Wm. ..
Jones, J. O	
-J .9
. a
c *-.
u «__
- ©
-At        It,
*J      -AZ
ii iZ
u <*••
*•> ©
E   u
p     t 5
fi .S I 5 .S
>■*■"■> 1 ^ _*
hlM        h*M
!*r   tam-t
u *+•*
G   -j
Nowhere In tho Pass can be
We have the best -money
can buy of Deef, Pork, Mut*
ton, Venl, Poultry, Butter,
Egos, Fish, "Imperator Hami
and Bacon" Lard, SausiQei,
Welnen nnd Sauer Kraut.   ,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 66
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
Bottled Goods a Specialty
In*** ctm*.l rnofj limn tx few
t'liroiiL" cwa of r'.u'iuir.li.iiii.
\\.' iin- I .i.-lv c_.;t ii:i llrii it
vmilil l)e lK«n.'n:*i,il in v<mr cim*
)h.'".II|..C wo UiUiW wJ: *.i's in It.
• •"j" fc.,-2/V f/*-y„;  *\  „X
*ma   *« rf77v^,V*-*'-"•    Uoo.
SviM I'tul v't.rniitrril I)*/ 2MA
List of Locals District 18
'- it.
v  j. *
mA       {/,           .
*"* c
■*_»' •+-»
*- *m
1 " i
Secretnry-TronMircr, lntcrnntionnl Hoard Member nnd Bonn! Mi-mlm-r for Snh-Dwlricln No*. U nml 4 vrtw dodoi] hy
\V(\ flic 1111 (.orn^ixod, horohy fortify tho nhnvo io ho ft eorrr-ct r-wortl of tlw voto* ,-n.sf fn tho riwrit KFi'i.-ti'Mi nf
Offjcnrs for District 18 U. JI. W. of A., dated ftt Pernio this 31st dny of December, 1010.
i 23.'.2
| 2.",»f>
[   102
Corroctod by
rinnlclicnd ....
llonvor Creole ..
Ilollovuo  .......
f1 .*n iH/ir/i
Dlftmond City ..
KninU ....."..,
l(oanu*r ........
Mnplo 1-Cftf ....
Mirh-f\  .........
lloynl Colllorlf'9,
nidlrlct SirH'tnry «|i to Novninlmr 19, VMO.
V. Whontloy, liiinklicnd Altn.
W, Wntson, llcuvor Uret'k, vin I'inuhur.
J. Hu-.k«, Hollovuo, Frnnk, Altn.
JtunoH Turnbull, liliiinnor-u, Alboiin.
Tliomnn (Irosory, Ilurmla, Altn.
1    Vi.ll    f'tnmnrn     Al.t
\V. tlrnhnm, CoU-mnn, Altn.
0.  M. linvlt-H, Cnrliomlnlo, Colomnn, Altn,
L, Hurkina. Curillfri Altn.
It, .loncn. Corbin. II. C.
(lcorj.0 lllm-llff. Dlnmond City, Utbrldg*.
M.  non!-\  lit   l.nrw ttrcot, Xnrxvand, Kdmonton,
D. Hce», Fornio. II. C.
t..  NU-ol,  Ir'iwiiU. AtU».
J. A) •.*■*. HnsmiT. It. ('.
J    ...  h-.\.t:*, Hillftc--*!, AUa.
I.,     Moor..,     IM),     Hov     IU.   I.i*llibrlil|f*«.
r\V, h. Hum*. I.lll . Frank. Alia.
M.  (Jlldny,  Mnplo   Unf,  H-tllevue, Alta.
M. Mmr*.., Mk-fiu'l. l». i'.
llnrry Fmltfi. Vannimn. Aim.
Jamo* Mr-Kliiley. itoynl Colliery. LetlibMilso, Alta.
William KumicII. Tahot. AUa,
H Itrown. Teber. Alta. *■;   ,
1 .,-, "See  our  "grab,' bag"  window  this
week. * -     l    ,
*. N. E.. SUDD ABY.
A. Barnes, Provincial Constable., of
Marysville, B.C.. was in: the "city thiB
-week,ou.official business, and reports
that mining in that" locality is espect-
, ed to take on an active phase la the
near future,      *
_-**,. Purchasers of 50c. worth of   good§
"will have a*chance to "grab" a bag
in which the value is guaranteed to
be worth 25c. at least; some are worth
-much* more.   ■ '  \ . y. ■'"
,'■' •     ■-„■:■ SUDDABY
Methodist Church Ladies Aid tea.to-
be held at the home of Mrs. King,
on Old Recreation Ground, on-Tuesday
Jan. 10, from 3 to;6 o'clock.
Gus Weinberg's presentation of
"Burgomaster" on Wednesday night at
the,Miners*-Theatre ' was^"ripping."
Time and space'preclude further comment. - . '        .      '
I. O. O. ..VAT .ELKO    ,
c*- * ■   -
..Invitations are out for a*dan-r_e to be
given,in,the Hoffman Hall on Friday
the ,13th, by the-Oddfellows-of Elko.
FOR , RENT—Two or three rooms
suitable for housekeeping. Apply,
W; Minton Lindsey "Ave., Fernie, An-
":  '    23-4t.
-.rooms; rent;$10./iApply, P. O., Box
1019,'Fernie.-"";" v'■ ■■*.'*.     "
TO LET—Two front .Rooms, partly
furnished, for light-housekeeping. Location: Recreation - Ground, Dalton
Avenue.    AiVly."C," Ledger Office.
, '     -.      ■      ■    ' '"'29-3t
TO RENT—Five room Cottage'on
McPherson Avenue; bath and basement;- hot and'cojd'7water; electric
light; equipped-wi$)i cook stove aud
blinds.   Address,   P.O.  93,   Fernie.
We would call th'o attention of our
readers throughout the entire district
tb the exceptional1, offer made - by J.
F. Spalding, the "Fotografef," which
appears elsewhere in our columns.
For the benefit of those living in Coal
Creek and elsewhere who are unable
to visit his studio during daylight ho
will be in attendance* until-9 p.m. to
take photos by electric light.
Every purchaser of,,$1.00 worth of
■ goods at Suddaby's. will be given a
.chance positively without any further .restrictions of selecting a bag from
•■•he window,,' the contents of which
arc guaranteed to be in no case of
a value''-of2 less than 50c. and there
are several containing gifts of greater .value' than'the amount of the original purchase.
To  the Electors
To the Electors of the City of Fernie,
to rent every evening except Sunday
and Thursday. Suitable for concerts,
smokers, dancing, lectures, etc. For
terms, etc., apply to D. Rees, Secretary, Gladstone Locnl, Fernie. .
Aii men are requested to stay away
from the, mines of the. Consolidated
Coal Company, and' Rock Springs Soot-
less Coal Company, located five miles
from Taber,.for the following reasons*.
* 1st. .The mineworkers are working
under non-union conditions and wages.
2nd.      Coal  Mines  Regulation  Act
' of Alberta is being openly violated by
these companies.
3rd. The workmen employed at
these mines receive no compensation
when-injured'as they should do according* to th'e Workmen's Cbnipensa-
tion Act of Alberta..
4th.   Yo'u-are requested to stay from
". thes mines until the men therein are
. organized'and  working for a  living
wage, and air agreement made with the
U. M. \V. of A. -'-
By request-of
. -" DISTRICT IS.'U. M. W. of A.
The undersigned beg to announce
that they are candidates for positions
as School Trustees, to fill the three
vacancies in tlie.Schp^ffiBonrd.
If* elected, the electors have their
assurance that, school niters will be
carefully nnd inlclligontlr^kcdaft-
e.r, and-that indifferent, unbusinesslike methods of conducting school nf-
l'airs will no longer exist.    (/
A full and 'concise statcm^t of all
public nipnies entrusted to their "care
will be furnished the ratepayers at
the end of the year.
'* Oiir aim will be to make the schools
of Fernie the most efficient and .best in
the Province.
We will also endeavor to have- thc
City released from the present unjust
burden of keeping, up the school in
West,Fernie, which we.believe should
now  be a  School  District  by  itself
and elect their own trustees.
Your vote and influence is solicited.
FOR RENT—Heintzman Parlors,
Minors' Block,,either "Whole or part of
store.—Apply, D. Rees, P. Oi 361,
Feruie, B. C.
;,LOST—Transfer Card ^o. 16, Book
No. 19569, issued from Frank-Local on
Sept.r26tli, 1910. Finder please return to^Geo, Nicol, Secretary,-Frank
Local, Frank, "Alta.
large St. Bernard Dog; black and
white, with white breast, weighing 130
lbs.; age about,2 years. Was wear
Ing plain - leather collar. Anyone
furnishing infortnation that will lead
to its recovery v.-illbe suitably re
waided. Two weeks after date, any
person found retaining possession of
the "dog will'-'be prosecuted.'* Ely
Hardy, *c.o. Ledger Office.
' FOR SALE—Motion Picture Theatre
in East Calgary; completed three
weeks; running well above expenses;
no competition; wonderful speculative
possibilities. Complete, $1250 cadh.—
Address, H. Ralff. 61S, Eighth .Ave.
Bast, Calgafy, Alberta, Canada,   lt-7
LOST—A Gold Bracelet containing
three'stones. Finder will be suitably
rewarded.—G. Barton; Empress Transfer Co. ' lt-n."i).
An   event that adds   twenty
five to fifty per cent, to the
chasing   oower   of
Boy,  14  years of age, honest and
industrious seeks employment.   David
Thornton, Old Recreation ground, f-ad
and Furnishing Man wants situation;
Al references; steady; reliable and
trustworthy. Address, L. S., c.6. Ledger*.     .    ... *1Ul-P-
Investigate the
}L __!•
WANTED —Experienced'5 Girl for
general housework; one who understands cooking desired. Apply, Mrs.'
A. B. Trites, Howland Ave.;        , 22-2t
.WANTED —Experienced Girl ' for
general house work; one who understands cooking,desired. ' Apply, Mrs.
A. B. Trites, Howland Ave.       '•  22-2t
WOULD like respectable young man
to occupy room with another; unexcelled cuisine; electric, light; bath
anil phone:—Address, "Q,", co., Ledger. .   *■    " ' "-n-P
here awaiting your selection, values in maLtiy
> p „ - * ^ _»        "
instances   below   manufacturers'   and   the
whQlesaleris^c_QS_t__ _______ ■
r 0
n        ,
at Cost Price
J laving' put in a large stock ol'Card
Mounts' in "anticipation of a big Xmas.
business which was not as big' as anticipated, I liave too many left on my hands
so make this otter to clear them out.
Cabinets*  $3 a  dozen
Carte, de Visite or 1-2 Cabinets, $2
Post Cards*  $1.50 per dozen
Enlargements.   11x14 inches,  $2.50
16x20       "       $3.50
The regular prico for Cabinets is §5,00,
Halt'Cabinets, $,M, and tlie Postcards 02 a
dozen, so by taking advantage of this you
will get your photos at nearly hall'price and
I,guarantee that thn work will be the same
as at the regular prices. 'Phis oiler holds
good so long as tlie Idounis la-si, m> cuiiic, uan.y
and if you are short oi' cash, pny a "doposit
and I will hold photos tor you. Photos taken
l.v nlpofvi.* Ji«vl.t (M ii nhoto of vour •*.hiloV
yourself or a family group, yonr friends will
appreciate them.
'Furniture values never before equalled, let alone excelled.
A clearing of all .lines below*factory cost Ihat have over--
stayed their regular selling time. .    *
Brand new stock reduced in price from twcnty:fivc to fi'Xy
per cent.   * - , "
Hxamine tlie special Cream Tags, compare,,them with the
regular selling prices, and whether you are in need ot new
furniture or not, such values as are now within your reach
are almost sure to make you see the need.     . - *     -•'
Our window display reflects but n few of the remarkable
values now offered. We invite your inspection.; Second
Floor. ' \
■Wool Gloves, regular 50c.
Wool Stockings, regular 60c.
•Wool Stockings, regular 50c
Wool Toques, regular 35c. -
Wool Toques, regular (ioc,
Wool Underwear, regular $1.25    Sale Price .
Fleece Waists, regular 35c. - Sale Price .
Sale Price  35c.
Sale Price * 45c.
Sale Price  40c. ;
Sale Price ..;:... 7., 25c.
Sale Price .7 50c.
.... 85c.
.... 25c.
Yes, every pair of Shoes in the Store reduced in .price.
Shoes for the Baby, shoes for the Boys, Girls, Men and Women, all specially reduced for this big stock reducing event.
Come,and get the benefit, of this worth whilo price ndvnn-
Wilton and Axminster Carpet Squares have received deep
anil heavy-price cuts to hasten their going. A range of
designs and colorings to please you no mqttcr how exacting
your choice, Handsome and, good'wearing Carpets for thc
den, pnrlor or dining-room, ...
.Prices are exceedingly low; come and lot's talk it over in
the presence of the Carpels.
Knitted Corset Covers, regular 35c.   Sale Price.      25c,
27 inch Velvet Cord, regular (iOc.    Sale'Prico      40c.
'3 l.:2 inch-Silk Ribbon, regular 15c.   Sale Price      10c.
Striped Flannelette,     Sale Price, per yard  ' 10c.
Colored Flannelette,'   Sale Price, per yard ,. *.     10c;
40 inch Apron Gingham, Sale Price, pcr'ynrd ...'.'..     10c.
White Bed Spreads, regular #1.75    Sale Price $1 35
White Wool Blankets'; regular $5.50 Sale Price per pr. $3.25
Flannelette Blankets, regular $1.75.Salo Prico per pr. $1.50
Bonnets, regular (iOc. to,75c    Sale Price ,.'—.'-/.. ,   45c
A wild scurry in the Ladies' Ueady-to-Wciir Department.
Prices have been cut, hacked aud slashed in an endeavor to
reduce our stock ono hnlf. A genuine clearance sale of
Ladies'.high-grade Ucndy-to-Wenr Suits, Skirls, Coals, and
One-Pieoc, Dresses, nt prices thnl loudly proclaim the liberal
snvi'ig that is now yours.
l'.xtrn special values in the Ladies' Ready-to-Wear Department lo encourage early Saturday buying.
Safety Pins, regular 5c, card.   Salo Price, 3 cards for 5c,
Hair Nets, regular 10c.   Sale Prico, 5 for 25c,
Dressing Combs, regular 25e.   Salo Prico  15c,
Kconomy events in the Moii/h Furnishings 'Departments,
Neckwenr, plain mid fancy grounds, equal to thnt wliich
you have many t,imes pi\id more than double thc, price, now
nsked 20c
One only—Black Panama, onc-pieco Dress, size 31.
Regular, $12.   Early Snturdny Morning Price, $4.75,
One only—Nnvy Blue. Panama, one-piece Dress, size. Ull.
Regular, $12.   Early Saturday Morning,Prico, $4.75
One only-Cnrdinnl Venetian one-piece Dross, size 30.
Uegular, $13.50.   Early Saturday Morning Prico, $5.85
Suits, Regular, $13.50
Suits, Regular- $17.50
Suils, Regulnr, $21.50
Suits, Regular, $25.00
Suits, Regular, $30.00
ContH, Ri-gulnr, $10.00
Coals. Regular, $12.00
CojiIh. Regular, $15,00
Coals. Regular, $20.00
ContH. Regular. $21.50
Furs, Uegular, $ 5.00
Furs, Kegulur, $ 8.50
Furs, Regular, $12,50
Salo Prico $ 0.75
Salo Prico $13.15
Salo Prico $16.20
Salo Prico $18.50
Salo Prico $22,50
Snlo Prico $ 4,85
Sale Prico $ 8.76
Salo Prico $11.45
Salo Prico $14.46
Salo Prico $10,30
Salo Price $ 3.50
Salo Prlco $ 0,15
Snlo Price * vi.4o
Genuine Belfast  White Lawn Handkerchiefs,, hemstitched
Mordors , 2 for 15c,.
Sweater Coals and Closed Neck Sweaters, both plain niul
fancy colors  95o.
Men's Fit Reform and Faultless Clothing, cut deep enough
in price to elcnr our wardrobe before slock Inking commences.
An, occasion that should nppenl to both the economical nnd
the good dresser, An opportunity to secure the highest
grnde of Rendy-to-Wcnr at prices but n fraction of their
Spalding's Studio
"TUD.O   OPP-V   Til 1    r'   PM.   AND  ON   SUNDAYS
Waists, regular $1.25 to $1.50.      Salo Price      05c
Wrapper**, n-Riilnr"*1.50 Salo Prico $115
Niggl.i Gowns, rcgulnr $1.50    ,  Salo Prico $1 10
cl.il.livu'K Div-v,.--,, v.-guUr •i'3.0(l .Sale Price $2 15
Golf ('.-.uts. regular $5.00 Sale Prico ....... .$3.85
I'mb-.-kirts. regular lj>1.75 1<> frf.W. Salo Prico $1 35
Cnrsi-i*. lilnl-tc. r-wilnr *1.00.   Salo Prlco 45o.
Kiimm-m, regular *1.50 Sale Price 05o.
W...-1 Gloves, regular •_»&■■. Sale Prico      15c.
W.I..I • .lov.-s. regular :i."ir. Sale Prico      25c.
7 Hi. (rrny nll-wool Blnnkeis, Regular $3.25 ami $3,50.
. , Salo Prico $2,05
Gray Wool Socks, regular 25c, per pnjr,
Salo Price, 5 pair for,......... 05c.
Fleece lined Underwear; Regulnr $1,25, Sale Price 05c. S^iit
Brilunniu nll-wool Uuderwcur, Regulnr $3.00,
Rr.lt> fir.-**.   SflflB twv vn\i
N.'ilur.'il :ill wnnl rnderweiiv, !le^„.:n. 't.o (-,.•,
Sale Prico *$2.55 per suit
Superior i-uiiliiy Mnckinnw Coats, three styles,
Regular $0.75,    Salo Prico $5.65
"■"im-cp iiuni \itw\\ i'xmxn, Hvtiui.n ipxi.'Zo, Sdiit riitttt $*i,2o
Negligee" Shirls, Kugnlnr $1.25 nnd $1.50. Salo Prino C5o.
Men's Working Shirls, exceptionnl values, heavy black fleece,
Regulnr $1.00, Salo Prico 65c.
Gray Army Flannel, Regular $1.35, Sale Price 05c.
llcnvy Wool, assorted dark colors, Regular *fl.5ll,
Snlo Price $1.00
Dress hud Working Suspenders, li-gula.; 35_- ami *IOc.
Sale Price 20c.
King of tlu* Rond Pant OverntU, Regular $1.00
Sale Price 85c,
V  .*
.  _-!
' .- .j
J^-J ■____■ fr~*.—^^.


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