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The District Ledger Jan 14, 1911

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i.Provincial-Librftv/30 Jiiue 09;    ;
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Tho Official Organ «i District Ho. IS. U. M. W. tf A.
VOL. VI., NO.
1_05 DIOTSICT TJSDQEB, FEBNIE,   B.C.,, JANUARY 14, 1911
- • V   ^        _^ , ' l\     Political Unity, is Victory
—_t-*c1-'7,a__. -=^7*- « .
J^'A, b. c;^
$1.00 A YEAR.
-.•■
BLEASDELL
CAME BACK
*•   . '   ■ i
Civic Legislative Slate
For1911--A Smoll
■   Vote Polled
-, The intense cold on Wednesday
ulght and tho difficulties attendant
upon locomotion gave rise to, the general belief that the' polling on Thursday would be exceedingly meagre and
while'1 it was  not' a,..very large  one
" comparatively, neverrheloss when climatic conditions are'talien into cou-
* sideration. it was' a* very respectable
showing, and iri.excess of expectations.
The office of City Clerk Barclay-was
* crowded.on Thursday night, during the
counting of the poll, and shortly before
nine o'clock the returns for the office
of Mayor showed- that out of a total
' of 274 votes cast, A. W. Bleasdell had
, received 143, beating his opponent, T.
Beck, .by 13, only 2 ballots being spoilt
by   individuals. of   a   facetious   turn,
■ judging by the use they made of, their
ballot. Later the resi.lt. was announced as follows:-* ,
*   * '" MAYOR
A. W. BLEASDELL ,... elected    143
"   T. Beclc  .- 120
man of the .School.Board, a property
which is not subject-to'taxation, and
a most complicated'tangle might have
resulted had he been successful by the
casting of this one.vote, but again the
unlucky'13 that defeated the candidate
for mayor was likewise the'number of
die vote that retired him from active
participation in school hoard matters.
CONDIZIONE    GENERALE    NELLE
DUE MINE Dl CARBONE
NON UNION.STE
"ALDERMEN
__
0
J. Mclntyre-  7	
elected.
206
S. Graham  ..' ".. .-
elected
200
Jas.   Robertson   	
elected
177
S. I. Wallace  	
elected
135
W  Robichaud  . .* .-.
elected
13C
J. F. Podbielancik  ..,..-..
elected
124
J*. Carosella 	
117
\V. Uuimal'le'	
106
LSCH nrnT_T-R U_XE.ES	
-     Robt."  Dudley   ..'...-...re-elected 154
,'G. G. Henderson ...... elected 131
*i  G. Pedlar  '.'°. elected. 129
W. S, Stanley*.*! '  116
O. Crossman' '  SS
0; c. _gg.......'."....:..:    85
- .*   At such .times' there, arc always incidents of an amusing character and
•••*-•'"Koiue^lsi'ffCTOenvisc, so. .0,. nS the contestants arc coucorned, but this can bo
■   said,* tlmt many were surprised at the
'excellent, showing    that.   Tom    Beck
mnde.   ,.Mnny'of,the "wlso'0110s" wore
. williwr'-o back up their opinions-with
'   tho 1-Ard cash, but    * fortunately for
thei***' takers were fow.
^n application to vote by an Amorlcn  citizen,,who owns! property was
, disallowed. One of tlio amusing foa-
'•/lures was the casting of W. S. Stan-
,7 Jj'y's vole which ho claimed as chair-
.Con il -tlio permesso permettemi di
potere fare intendere ai membri del
distretto IS U: M. W. of A. le condizloni che esistono alle mine non union-
iste delle Consolidated Coal Company
6 la Rock Springs Sootless Coal Co.,
situate a Elcan, Alta, Coal City. Per
le passate cinque, settimane me e.il
Presidente -Mr. Powell abbiamo stati
in -queste .eotftrate con le idee di or-
ganizzare questi uomini con un locale
del Ui M.. W. of A. ma1 naturalmente
avemo incontrato opposizioni per mez-
zi "di cer* ti uom.'.ni'* delle dette "Compagnie • ma finalmente le-oppo'sizionc e
quosi finita e gli uomini adesso recla-.
mano le loro giuste domande.
Le sequente sono le condizioni -con-
cui i minatori lavorano adesso 'alia
Consolidated Mine I carica,rtori rice-
vono 53 soldllier lonna che' include il
tirare fuori quasi un piede dipietra.
Qualche. volta la compagnia si fa
geherosa e paga 18 soldi per caricare
un carro di .pietra se ,non ci e posto
deiilre la pizza_ma so'per case devessi
lasciarc il lavoro allora- la compag-
nit liaga quello che gli piace o ti 1'anno
aspett'are diie.o tre settimane prima
die ti pagano.      „
'" Alia Hock Springs Sootless Coal Co.
trll uomini sono pagali a GOe 65 per
tonna put include il mettere la, tiaeca,
timbri c tirare fuori iin'piede di rocca.
In rifercnza'iiel pagarb.i"minatori per
lonnelata il carbone e l'ostesso di_ altro
mSn'o non unlonislo gli uomini non ten-
gono eheekweighman e queste compa-,
gnie vedono di avere una buona eluu-
Rn. tounehiia in* nccordnuza dl quanta
carbone il minatore nianda' fuori.
In queste mine cie un Ispetlore pagato dalla • provincia* per mettere in
forza i rcgolamenl'ma permeltlml " dl
dire che uua fa'rsa'ta" Questo mine be.
cupano un cento persone un'manegiero
"senzo *ecrflr Icalo il.regolomeiWTTefle"
otto ore, o.pure rotto i minatori dovbno
rimanere 0 pulirel'.la loro piazza dopo
finito iljavoro! " Sc'un uomo si' fa
malo e'portaio in una shecca' e - la
dove aspeutarre il piacere del* medico
che e cinque miglia distante 0 delle
voire' dove ma'ndare a Taber per medicine.
* Allora' verrei" cho tutti quelli che
leggono quest'artlcolo di stars! distante da questi campi per fino cho. i
uomin! siano bene orgnnizati e le con-
diziono r'ettificato 0 appena lo cose
tiaranno accomodate surcte notiflcati
per mezzo del District Lodger.
Tl ringrazlo per lo spazio accorda-
tomi, „ • .
Tuo per'Glustizia.,
CHAS. GARNER, •
Inter, Hoard Member,
Distretto IS, U.M.W. of A.
Report of the Proceedings at'the Inquest on the Bodies of 31 Men
Killed in the Explosion at the Bellevue Colliery operated by the West
Canadian Collieries, Ltd.; on December 9th, 1910.
In consequence of the New Year
holiday intervening and the necessarily
decreased time in which- to got out
the paper Ave gave only a resume of
the proceedings, but agreebly to our
determination to publish detailed account the following report includes
some of the', principal points already
mentioned last week, yet they were
only .skimmed over,, whereas this Is
more explicit and prolix.
"Coronor: I. N._lPinkney.
Jury. J. W.1 Gresham (foreman),* W.
A. Ross, Thomas Ho'are, Roland Allison, John McDonald, Frank H. Hinds,
\V. J. Lightheart, 'David 'Muir, Andrew,
J. Leafriiouth, George .Thompson. .-''*
, Solicitor for the company: Mr. S. li.
Woods. _ ', '    •**      ,
Solicitor for District 18, U.M. W. of
A.:   Mr.  Mackie. '-   ,
Representative of thc'Atj-orney-Gen-
eral (on, behalf of the Crown): Mr.,
'Campbell. ,      -. -,  '     -    ,
Representative ,of the Department
of Mines: Mr. R. .1.,Hudson.
Chief Inspector, of ■ Alines for the
Province of-Alberta: John T. Stirling.
*Mr. James Ashworth, general manager of the Crow's Kest Pass Co-|.l Co.,
Ltd., and Di-.'Revel, were in attendance foi- the purpose of giyina., expert
evidence in connection with the explosion. There were also present the
various officers of District'IS, ofthe
tl. M. W., of A„ Mr. _. Heathcote,
district inspector of mines, Mr. It. W.
Coulthard, general manaper ' of the
Bellevuo mines, and many other gen-
!lemon drawn to Bellevue by the wide
interest wliich is being takon in ti-^-
case.       . -' -
, The' Coroner explained to the jury
the nature of the oath which thoy were
about-to lake, this be'ng done at'the
request1 of Mr. Campbell, and,in order
that no misunderstanding should occur
such has had unfortunately terminated
artificial respiration on him for some
time.
Q.   He ultimately died?
A.   Yes. -
Q.   Do you know the name of the
man whose head was'injured?
A.   No. >
Q. Did, you stay there all night,
doctor?
A. No;. I came away about 12
o'clock. I went into the "entry of the
mine with Mr,-Roberts, one of the engineers, ,to .find out if there was anything we could arrange on the outside in case the men that had been
brought out. I was informed that nothing could be done,-so I went away,
leaving, the other doctors'present. , 0
Q. Did you see any dead bodies
there that night? '
A.   Merely the ope I spoke about.
* Q.   The man' you thought you could
save?       ,.,.'
' A.   Yes. .    '-
, Q.   Then you went back next day;
I.believe?   7        | ' .   , :
A.   Next morning. .
Q., About what! time did-you get
there? -   .'  {.
A.   About S.30 onfSnturday morning.
Q. cDid you see^any bodies on that
occasion?        ■      J ,   ' .
A. nYes; I saw several. I sa\y. several men brought,out alive'arid dead.
Q. Saw several, men brought out
alive, Whnt were they' suffering
from_\doctor.?-        '      - '      -   •■
A. They were Fiiffering. in my opinion, from gas poisoning' and shock.
Q. By shock, .you mean'nervous
shock, and not by blow?
A.   Yes: nervouS shock.'
Q.   Did these, men recover, doctor?
A.   Yes., j,'
[  Q.   None of them died?*
A.   Xo:  none of-those, we worked
A GLI UFFICIALI E MEMBRi DELLE
LOCALE, DEL   DISTRETTO     18,
on.
ofrm    of   gas -poisoning
Q.   What
was it,?
A! Xo. particular form.. .We simply performed aotific'al respiration
and applied, heat and stimulants'. I
cannot say from what form. ,. -
-* Q. - Do you know whether they worked in the mine ■''•here, or-whether tiles
were rescue men? ,. .
the previous nroceedincn held on De- [_" .A*   T^e*menj-erejrorklng_iii the
rember^rytir^Fof-riTeTJeneir^ -raCir-T - 1 reraem
the other 26. have you any doubt that
they died of carbon monoxide poisoning? "
A.   No doubt at all.
Q. Will you tell the jury, doctor,
on what you_ base that, decision?
A. Well, as a medical practitioner,
and having seen death from a great
many ordinary causes of disease and
accident, I am very familiar with the
general ^appearance of dead men; but
the appearance of theso 27 men was
so absolutely differene from that of
ordinary death, from ordinary causes
of accident, that one who had witnessed it would never forget the appearance; some.with a smile on their
face, some with no appearance of suffering at all. They appeared to me
like lay figure's or waxwork figures,
■and the coloring of the cheeks and
lips, in fact, of the whole body, was
more than normal.
"Q. ..That coloring, doctor, and '.the
appearance, is that a symptom or an
indication, of this carbon monoxide?
A., It is.'
Q7 That is what'the carbon monoxide  will- leave on the body?
A. The.coloring is due to'tlie carbon . monoxide, to the, strong compound it forms with the corpusles of
the blood. '     '
Q.     We don't want to bother you,
doctor, but carbon monoxide is a gas
that generally comes after a fire, is it
not?
- A.   After an explosion.
Q. Yes; and carbon monoxide kills
by its action on thc blood, is that correct?   . ,    -
A.   Yes. '
' Q.   Perhaps you will explain to the
jury1? ,      ^     _     ,
A, It would perhaps .be better to
explain to thc Jury tho functions of
U*e\Mood, whatl',rcspiration means. Of
course, most people have heard of the
two, terms arterial and venous blood.
Arterial blod is bright red in color;
.venous blood is dark'bluc or purple.
The difference, roughly speaking, is
,that .arterial blood supplies- oxyurn !qU hand,
to tho tissues, which gives it the reil- j
United Mine Workers of America
II distretto Executive Board vedehdo
come gli affari dell'industrie minerarie
vanno da male in peggio in questo distretto e dopo aver ben considerato lo
stesso come effetta i membrj del org-
anizazione e venuto alia conclusione
che certe misure devono essere prese
cui preventa ad ogni mode che le con-
dizione non venissero'plu male.
La maggior parte del minatori in
questo distretto non lavora piu di mezzo tempo enon gua'dagnan'o una con-
fortabile campata e nonostante che si-v
amo iri mezzo ad un Invernb molto
severe che tutti sanno como sono in
questa parte del mondo.    -
E come in certe mino neppure la me-
ta' del tempo si lavora, come per is-
tan'za in una delle mine dove vi erano
occupa'ti 300 persone e tiravano' fuori
mille tennelale al giorno adesso non ne
tirano che* cento, L'cmigrazione in
queste contrate nei anni passati con-
siderando la demanda del carbone e
stata in eccesso che poteva essere
garantita e in divers! campi vi e assai
gente a( spasso che non puo trovare
lavoro. ' ■-.'   ,
CITY PLANT
IS MING
Statement Presented at
Public Meeting That
Sounds Healthy   .
We hoped to he able to present the
report of the auditor and, the city engineer'before going to press, but as
we learn that they must first be presented to the City- Council, their publication will be deferred until a later
issue.
The Mayor (Sherwood Hexhnier)
slated at the public meeting that tbe
assets showed an increase of $30,000
over the liabilities, and that $10,000
prpfit had been effected by the public
utilities. This statement, is no doubt
pleasing to the- ratepayers, but only
emphasizes the importance that in order thai a correct estimation of actual
valuation should bo shown that a certain amount for wear and tear should,
che'ogni membro mandi .una copia di. like iu other municipal.iies, be de-
quesla ad amici nei vecchi paesi.        j ducted under tlie    head  of deprec-ia-'
E stato pure deciso che detagli siano j tion!' *! -        .
mandati  ad' ogni associazionc    mine*
In veduta della- presente situazlone
il board a deciso di appellare ai membri dell'organizione a cio possa mettere una formate all'afluiazione di la-
voi-andi nei campi minerarie e richiede
rnria e a stomal-  dei lavoratori  nei
v'ecchii paesi.
Con  huon.volere  pergll  affari  dei
membri,
_>",oi' Siamo Fraielnnmente,-
■ * W. n. POWEL_,->I»res.
A. J. OARTBR.-Sec. Tn-as
District 18 U.M.W. of A.
"AGATHA.'
GRAND THEATRE
All members- of the choir will meet
for '."-nctise at Bra re'.-  hail
<?
'GENERAL MINING
CONDITIONS ROTTEN
Two Non-Union Lignite Coal Mines
and Treatment the Wage
Slaves are Given
,   With your kind  pormlsHion allow
mo nt this tlmo to ondoavor to enlighten tho moniboi'H of District 18 U, M,
VV. of A, with iho condition*! Hint oxiHt,
nl tho non-union mlnos of tlio Consolidated Coal Company   and    Rock
Springs SootloHS Conl Co., locntod In
tlio Tnbor coal flold, known an .Menu,
Alln,, or Coal City,     For tlio pn.it
flvo wookfl on nnd off mynolf nml Pro-
hI'IaiiI Powoll hnvo boon In tlilfi hociIoii
bf tlio country with tlio Idon of organ-
Iz'ng tliofio mon Into n locnl union
of tho U, Al, W. of A., and of courHO
wo lmvo mot wllh it good donl of opposition from loots of Uioho two com*
pnnloH,    Hut tlio npnoHltloii Ih finally
nbout played ItHolf out, nntl tlio in on
omployod hy Uioho cnmpniiloH nro nl-
moat unanimously del ermine,! to ho-
euro thoir' Junt domnn.li..     Tho following aro n fow of tlto condition*!
undor which tlio mon work,    Al tho
Consolidated  Mlno tho loiulci'H    nro
pnld HH conta por ton, which tiu-ludon
lho laying; of truck, notllr.g of tlmbor
nud ImiidllnKiof nlwi*  ono foot of
cap rock,     {.oiiiouiik.h ihu comimny
ji-*-!'.* tfwiM-pu** and wjll •*:*,)  IS wuih
por enr for lending cup '•nek If thoro
Tn not room for It In tho gob.    Uul,
of courso, If you should happen to not
tlrod of this Hlnvory nnd wnnl to quit
thoy pny you wliatovor thoy fool liko,
nnd koop you wnltlriK from two to
throo weoka for   your   monoy,   nnd
sometimes   longer.    At   tho.   Rock
Springs 1 Sootloss Conl Atlno tho conditions nro ns follows: Mon nro pnld
from GOc to 05c. por ton, which Includes
InylnK of track, setting of tlmbor nnd
handling of  about ono  root of enp
rock,    In roforonco to tlto paying of
thu. uiluur by thu ton for liln coul, ll
Is like ovory othor non-union enmp,
there Is no checkwelghmen omployed
by (he men, and these coal companies
see thnl the ton of coal.Is good and
long, according to the amount of coal
that tho miner loads.    There Is also
a Coal Mines Hegulatlon Act In At*
bertt, and mine Inspector*, paid by the
provincial govornmont to onforco It,
but allow mo to nny thnt It Is n big
fnrco In thla hocMoii of tho country,
TIipho niliics nro being worked, and
nro omploylnri nbout 100-mon, without
nny certificated colllory mnnngor* In
chnrgo, Tho eight hour bank to bank
lnw Ih also bolng vlolntod, tho mon
bolng told to stay In thn mlno inmo
thnn olght hours to clean tliolr plncon
up, Thoro nro also othor conditions
which nro nbout nn Intolerable nn por-
Hlhlo for tho mon to Htnnd, If ti man
Ih Injured In tho mlnoH ho In tnkon
to IiIh nhnck lo Hlny thore until mich
timcH nu n doctor tnkcH a notion to
como flvo tnlloH to attend lo hhn. And
then poHHlbly ho will givo you n proscription to bo wont lo Tnbor (flvo
mlloii) to bo mndo up, In lho nioiiii-
tlmo you cnn got nlong nH bout you
cnn. Thoso aro n fow of tho condl-
tlotiH undor whicli n mini hnn to work
In Hioho non-union mlnos. Hut, of
courHO, It'u llko everything oIho, Iui-
mnn fnlnrnnco hnn n breaking point,
nnd it lias ronohod thnt point In tills
nnrnp I wbiiM ♦1i*nt'ofrtri>, naXr ovovy
rondor of this nrtlelo to glvo thono
cuuipB a wido borth until hucIi tlnioH nH
wo havo got these men thoroughly or*
jjnnlxcd, nnd somo of theoo outrageous
conditions rectified, and ns soon nn wo
hnvo you will bo notified through tho
/inlnm-nft r\t ■Mi-**-* |_tJ-"*^»,l*_ \ Y t*Ar*r.**    >pi* *%■**}*
■     •      - - -•. 1  if*   -•■»*.._-  ■*.-■ • <   •».->. •.* ^ * ft ** •»   *■»•**••*
you for tho spneo.
Yours for Justice
CHAS. OARNI2K,
Int, Donrd Mom,
Dis, 18. U.M.W. ot A
NOTICE TO MINEH8
All tmlnsrs will pltsis stay <
away from  Bankhead   Until •
furthtr notice. No scsrclty ef ♦
labor htr*. ♦
F. WHEATLEV, tee ♦
♦
jury,, tlie Coroner also read- letters
which had" passed between himself
and the Attorney-General ro the qnos-'
tion of the "exhumation"of the bodies
of the deceased men. owing to tlie necessity of empanelling a-fresh jury,, in
which the' Attorney-General, granted
permisolon .for the'inquest under the
now jury to be proceeded with without'
the fo'ome&-bohig-6Ahvmi'od. '• -"-'''<■'•
Mr. Campbell also suggested that the
jury should refrain from entering into
any discussion outsido the precincts
of,the-court, in connection with.the
proceedings in which they wero acting
ns-.the judiciary body, in order lo eliminate tho' possibility'of-prejudice. nn.\
to ensure the rendering of a verdict
solely on the evidence submitted, In
reply, Mr, Groshnm, tho foreman'of
the jury, stated thnt his fellow jurors
and himself realized tho necessity of
a.thorough Investigation, and were prepared to do all Hint wns possible for
this purposo. Ho did not consider
thnt * Mr. Campbell's admonition was
necessary.-and oxpros&ed lho* opinion
tho opinion that, tho members of tho
jury wero fully nwnro of the responsibility of thoir position.
Tho coprt. was' thon adjourned till
9.30 n.m., January 4th.
On tho resumption of lho Inquest on
tho morning of January 5th, the ori-
frlnnl'plmiR of tho mlno woro producod
by Air. Wood, noting for tho comimny
together with blue-printf** of same,
which ho said would bo loss cumbor-
8omo to hnndlo. Thoso plans, ho ro*
markod nro tracings of tho various
fioctloiis of tho mino, nnd hnvo boon
mndo by various onglnooiH employed
by tho compnny from tlmo to tlmo.
Tho only engineers'thnt nro horo now
nro thono at prosont working In that
capacity, nnd ho could thoroforo only
produco lho plans iih bolng Hioho pro*
pnrcd for tho compnny bv Its engineers
from tlmo to tlmo, Tho bluo-prlntfl
which he referred to had been made
from tho trnelngs mipplloil by tho on*
irlnoors, and corresponded oxaclly, an
thoy must necessarily do, with tho tine.
Ing, nnd tho tracing corresponded oxaclly to tho plaiiH, Ilo montlonod
this ho Ihnt tho mnttor would bo completely midorstood. In nddlllnn to tho
prints of tho No, 1 F.cnni, In which tho
dlHiiHtor occurred, ho lind nlno brought
wllh lilm prlntH of-No, 2 Hoam which
showod tho wny In which lho air cnmo
down UiIh nonm nnd Into No, 1 st»am
through tho rock cut, Thoso two
prints,, ho Hnld, will giro thn Jury
quito nu Inlolllgont Idon of lho nrnugo-
imml of tho. ni'no, and I think my
lonrnod'frlondH will ngreo wllh mo thnt
lho production of tIioho prlnN will
Horvo nil iiHoftil nnd nocosHiiry pur-
Pohph. Thoy nro produced on my
Hfntomont iih copIoh,
Mr. Mncklo: T hnvo no objection
to nllnwing tho production of thc plntiH
for tho purposes of tho Jury, hut ro-
Horvo llio right lo mil tho nfflcerfl
of tho mlno to swoor lo tliem,
I^r, M'*.!rcr,i'"ir'?t I'i -v-cvr,.
Questioned by Air. Campbell:
q. You aro n Hiirgcon phyHiciun
prnetl-vlng In Frnnk, I bollovo?
A.   Yes.
Q, You woro cnllod to nttond to tho
victims of tlio dlHiiRtcr horo on tho
Oth or 10th of Docombol* last?
A,   Vtis, u.i ihu '.Uu.
Q. What tlmo did you get thoro,
doctor T
A. I think I nrrived at tho pit
mouth nbout 0 o'clock,
Q.   At night!
A,   Yos.
Q. Did you seo nny Injured mon
thnt night?
A. Yes; Doctor, McKny, of TIlAtr-
mi-ir*-*-, wnn with mc, Whon wn arrlvod there we met Doctor Hell and Iloss
who were sewing up n very-bad acalp
wound on a man's head.
Q.   You don't know who that wast
A. No, I don't. We went to the
blacksmith's shop and eiamlned n man
thero.
Q.  Deml or alive f
A. At the time I thought there was
some sign of life, nnd wo performed
on Huu-
■day (to-morrow) at -I p.m. All who
con  make it possible will  please be
djsh color.  • As it passes through the i 0DD FALLOWS        *• '   '
ve'ns il, loses its oxygen, and takes up ,■_,-,-■„,-„_,' .
-        -   OFFICERS   INSTALLED
Ou Saturday evening, J iui. ttth, the
.management w'll present -.{.ho biggest
vaudeville show ever presented jn
Fernie. Mr. fi. C. Kchkardt will bo
soeu in Will Crcssy's one act playlet,
"The Old Town Hall To-night."    ,'-,.
.1. ('. Mncjntyrc, late principal tenor
with "the H0y.1l Carl Hosa Opera' Co.,
will contribute two musical numbers.
Mae George will be seen in a, new
comedy, entitled "Slidnight ■*■ on the
■ Howei-y." Th's playk-tt. was written
specially for her by Udrjiund Day, The
moving pictures will be of the, usual
'Grand Theatre quality. - .
carbon   oxide gas;   that  is  what  Uh-
.venuou's  blood  is.  and .that -gives it
three'of them by name who wore working in the. mine.-' Tliere were two brothers who lived over here; and Doctor Mackenzie was another-that >.ve
worked on, and another man.
Q, Did you see any dead men that
day?      *
A.   I saw 27 in the wash house.
O.. That is' mop who were k'llod
and.-hrciujht out t-'S the.-jnlne?-.' .Did
you see them and cxamino them?.-,, ■■
A.   I   snwtbpm   at  various   times.
I looked over them; I think I
.saw them at various times ln the wash
houso. tout I went over them about .
o'clorlr, and again I went over them
about S or 10 o'clock that nirrht.
Q.   The  night  of   the  10th?
A.  'Yes  ,
Q. Did, you remove the clothing,
doctor?
A.   The clothing  was  removed.
O, Prom their appearance, doctor,
could you sny positively to tho jurj
tho causes of tho death of the 27 men
you saw then?
' A. In my opinion the 27 men came
lo thoir donth by enrbon monoyido
poisen'r.g, with the oxcopt'on of pos-
sIMy cuo man, tho upper pnit of whoso
head was crushed. There might havo
been some doubt  about that man.
Q. Thero might, havo boon somo
doubt about that.-man, but iih regards
OFFICIAL CIRCULAR
To the Officers and Members of
Local Unions, District 18, United
Mine Workers of America.
Tho DlHtrlct Exocutlvo Ikmrd lmvo
taken up tho mnttor rognrdlng tho
slump in tho mining Industry In thin
district, nnd nftor carefully oonBldor*
Ing tho hiiiiio, ,nn ll offocts mombors
of tho orgnnlzntlon, como to tho con*
elusion that, nioumiros Hhould ho iin*
m'odintoly tnkon which will tend, In
nny ciiho, to prevent conditions which
lho men linvc been, and aro at prcHcnt,
oxporlonclng,   from  becoming  worfio.
Tho majority of minoi-H In UiIh dlHtrlcl uro not making a doennt living,
notwItliHlnndlng tho fnct thnt wo nro
In lho mhlHt of n severe winter, nnd
ovory 0110 known whnl winters uro In
UiIh part of the world. Homo of the
minora nro only working n littlo over
half I heir time, whllHt In tho caso
nf ono lnrgo mlno tlio nvorngo Ih much
below that. lu nnotlior iiiHtnnnc,
whom they were employing over lint)
mnn, und turning out over one thnu-
wind Iohh pnr day, tliolr output has
boon reduced to one hundred toim per
day,
Tho Immigration nf minors into tho
dlHtvIM dnrlrir» thn vm-tit -ennr Vno hnno
considering'1 the domnnd for conl, far
in oxcc-hh of whnt tho conditions have
warranted, Iu almost every camp
mon nro lying nround nnd cannot get
employment,
In vlow of tho present, situation, tho
P.V|j*.1    l),fivr,li-ii'r,t   tlr-til'-tr*   I.   ~. -,-y  £,j
every member of tho organization in
this district to try and tnko somo steps
thnt will prevent tho Indiscriminate
flooding of men Into our mining cnnips,
suggest that ovory mombor bo nskod to
send n copy of this circular to liln
friends In tho Old •nounfry. H hnn
also bt-on decided to forward details ns
to those conditions to overy minors'
association, nnd the Labor Press in
the old countries.
With overy wish for the welfare of
our members,
We nre, -t-
Yonrs ttnlortMly,
W. It POWELL, Prcrr.
„   A. J. I^AUTBIt, 8ec..Treas.
Wa. 18, U.M.W. of A.
"its color. \Vhen a' man. is exposed to
that into-his blood, and it forms a
very, strong chemical compound, or
rc-ac'llon with (lie red corpuscles of
the blood, so that when thnt passes
through the tissues, there is no oxygen given off.. It s'mply comes back
llirough-the veins and lungs, and there
is no,respiration, and no respiration
can be carried off.- II. forms such a definite .and strong chemical compound
with (he red corpuscles of the blood
that no oxygen is carried to the tissues
and respiration ceases.
* O, .That Is a toxic poison, doctor,
is it not?
A.   Yes.
Q. So thnt, ns you have explained,
'tho appearance of these men's faces
is nn evidence of poisoning. There
is niK'thei form of poison, enrbon dioxide, that is a gas that arises before
explosions, I believe? *■      ■    "
A. I understand enrbon dioxido may
occur,, free In the mlno, but it Is a
result, so ■ta'i' as I know, of complo'ic-
combustion, whorons enrbon monoxide Is, where there Is not sufficient
oxxygen to buron up thb gns. That
is how wc got enrbon monoxldo.
'CJ,   Now, enrbon dioxido, what, form
of death would that produce, doctor?
A.   Woll,  sponklng  hrondly,   death
from enrbon dioxide would bo duo simply lo tho wnnt or oxygen ln tho nlr,
Simply  n   mutter  of  suffocation,  so
thai' tho nppenranco of anybody dying
through carbon d'oxido would bo thnt,
of n drowned mnn, with distortion   of
tho fnco.
Q.   Llko n mnn cliokod to donth?
A.   Yoh,
Q.   And this nppenrnnco wnn not nt
nil proRont In thc bodios, you sny?
A.   No.
Q.   So Hint you hnvo no hosltntlon
In  fsnylng thnt It. wiih from  carbon
monoxldo with tho oxcoptlon of tho
ono mun?
A.   No.
Q. Aflor you examined thoso bodios did you notice whothor—you ox*
nmlncd all of thom, 1 prcsumo?
A, In n gonornl wny, you,
Q. Did you hoo whether thoro woro
nny murks of burning on nny of tho
bodies?
A. Thoro wiih no hIqii of burning on
nny nf tho 27 I saw, '"*
Q. With (lint brllllnnt, condition
nf lho blood Mini thoy lind, would Hint
ho conducive tn any burnn showing up
vory plnlnly, liml thoro boon burn**?
A. Yoh; Iii'iiUch Htood out remark*
ably distinctly on tho bo.IIoh oh a
br'ght cherry red color,
Q,   1 hco,    1 HuppoKo |lio hndlf-H hnd
nil boon wiihIipiI?
.\.   Yoh.
Q. Thn mnn whom yon nnxv with
I lie skull frnclurcd, did Ills body exhibit tho nnmo Hlgns of this bright
enrbon monovldo coloring nn tlio othor mon?
A.     Von  could not  Judgo enrbon
monoxide from thn body ho much nn
from  lho fnco. In  which thero is n
mtigc iiimnini 01 blood tu cliciiimion,
O    Dut rn fnr ■_•■* yon rmiM :*ri*'?
A,   1  didn't notice nny d'fforonco
from IiIh body to tho liml los of tho
men who woro lying alongside of hlm?
O.   liln fnco, of course, wnn unrocog-
nimble?
A.   Yr>R. wirwniMilTnMn
li,   After n mnn hns heoomo uncon-
hcIoiik, nflcr receiving nn Injury, could
ho Htlll  Inlinln enough of thin  Htuff
(0 net on the blood?
A,   It Ih  pohhIIiIo. even nftor tho
wound ho rocolvod Ihnt ho m'ght hnvo
oxplrnto-i once or twice.
Q.   Would It be prolicide, doctor?
A.  it would bo vtry hard to say.
Q.   You could not explain?
A.  I could uot explain.
Q.   Yon do not know thc nnmes 0?
these men, I suppose, doctor?
A. Only the mime* of two nrn, I
know ono, Joe llonndtn vnrv wpIi:
end ivter Paul, T slmplv knew him aa
Pet-jT Paul, These were Ihe only two
men thnt I knew or the 37.
O,   \m yon know whst the irent-
AtTthe regular meeting of Mount
l-'ern'e Lodc'o I.O.O.F., Xo. 17, on Wednesday evening of last week, the following officers were 'installed by D.D.
G.M. Wriglesworllf:   ,' *  -
J.P.G., .1. W. Robertson,
S.D., "J. C. Kenny.
V.G., Thos. Rob'ersfon,
Hec. Sec, A. J.", Buckley,
Kin. Sec:,- D. Devine,
• Treas., J. W. Qulnnoy,
War., J. W. Quinney,
Con., Pi A. McLeod, .
I.G., J.  H„ Drummond,
O.G., J.  Brooks.
R.R.N.G., ,T. P. Lundie,     '
.L.S.N.G., J. Nabb,-   '
H.S.V.G., John Gorlo,
L.S.V.G., S. C. Morris,
,R,S.S„ A. M. Thompson,
L.S.S., J. McDonald,
Chnp., T. Biggs.
i Arrnngc-moii's,.   hav&'   been   .made'.
w..r-1-.'l.y thp "Fi-nntln 11.iv Pplf>lvi_!t_L__nnl—
pictures will be shown at()this popular
play bouse Friday aud Saturday, Jan.-
20 and 21.     These pictures, which il-'
iustrato the different "events of cow-,
boy life and sports aro very clear.
The following events arc shown in
lhe 3,000 foci of film: '*\V.ld Horso*
llace,'" "Bulldozing Steers," *-' '-Bucking Contest" -"Flight of a Buil'et.' etc
MISSING:
Joseph Moir;' height 6' feot; eyes,
dark brown; hair, medium brown;
mustache, light; ago, 2!) years; nationality, English. Last heard from at
Golden, B. C, June 2nd, 1,310.
Any information regarding his whero
abouts will he greatly appreciated by
his wife, Mrs. James Moir. Cardiff,
Alta., or T. HI. Jnmes, I'.ilmonlon, Altn.
.Other pnpers pleaso copy.
BIGGEST HOLD-UP IN
THE PASS DISTRICT
Coal Company Pay Rollof $200,000
Included-"Passengers   are
Held Powerless
Ah wo look down tho long vlnl.i or
tho ngoH wo noto thnt groaj, prominence line boon given to lho dough iy
doodfi porformed both on land arid hoii,
but an additional splco Is nlwnyn lent
to tho ilotnlls of buccmit'orfl, plnitcm
nnd llko lnw-dcfylng gentry. In moro
rocont,dnyH tho oxploltH of Harry
Tracy, Bill Minor, and sundry'othor
notorious ilospcrndooH havo -supplied
considerable mntlor of lulorcHt to tho
rending public, yot in hucIi ensos rotrl-
bullnn nlllmugh often,, tardy, iiHiinlly
overcomes tho culprit,
Tlio pfiHt wook will hnrnufter hn ro*
cordml iih fnmons rtr tho worst "holdup' ovor known throughout tho Wont
the most, If not tho most, ovontful in
tho history of this colobrntod chunk
of the earth's anatomy. Flro hns on
divers occiihIoiih exacted .1 'ery heavy
toll; flood.-* havo mado ocular iloinoii-
Htrulloim of tho HdoncoH both hydrnii-
lienlly nnd hydroHtntlcally; mcmlicr-i -if
of tho notorious Black Until 01 ^it*.;/-i«-
llon fiirnlHhod tho AHHoclnled I'ichk
wllh baskotH full oc copy In order to
chronlclo to tho outer world n clear
Kiiec.nl Hlory of tliolr d-*i|-r*ml.ttlnii.i hi
this rt-glon, and now wo havo nut*
liurodnd llor-cid nud even daro lo content .Yukon's right to tlio lnantlo
(hut Kuilyiihl Klpllug donated by dubbing lho whole of Ciiimdn "Tlio Lndy
with thlH nddltloiitil striking feature to of  lho Siiowh,'      Uminlly  wlion  any
bo no!ml, that tlio ciuiki* thm-eof will
nnt ho ttrroHttiil, iilthnugh known' to
one nnd nil. TmliiH both on the Pi-iiwh
Xcht and tho mnln Hud of tlm C.l'.lt,
hnvo been 'help-up" for dayn, with con-
ncuuetit dlHcomfort, PnrmoiH on tho
prn'rlo hnvo Hiiffered llko oxperloncc,
and even somo ichIiIciiIs within tlin
City HmlfH hnvo linen compelled tti
follow tlio custom of Bruin nnd hlbor-
l.nl.
Tlm surrounding towns of lloHmer
nnd Mlchol could not ho reached for
novoriil days, coiiKt'ipioiitly tho pny
roll of tho C. N. Pft**s Conl Company,
nt the hint numod, could not roach Kh
dcntlnntlon nn hood iik It would undor
i        ,       Ihi    . »       lit .•>■.._
•>   >J* a***-*,   W*</kt'Ml'.kVM'(l   *_+*■<»   A* _Wvi-t«|sit       tkVbti'
up" tempornrlly, nro now ploa-tod to
report Its snfe nrrlvnl,
Tho present wook hus been one of
♦ NOTICE
♦ Owing to th* Mines at Cosf
♦ * Croak only being partially op*
♦ era-tad. and Ihe numbar of Idle
♦ men vary Urge, ajl work*re
♦ are raqusatad le stay away
♦ from Parnle until further id-
♦ vls«f. D. RIES.
•*> Qacretary
(Continued on pngo ll
exii'iionllimry nvcnl hnpponii thoro 1»
n gathering of tho old-Union.' rlnu nnd
n <oiiijmiison of iidtcH. Ono jofers to
the fearful bHnncd of IKSS, when the
Kiihtern cllli'ii, \w-i() coiii|iletely hIiiH,
off from oiitnId(i comuiuufcittloiiH for
!tuo wholo dnyii; nuoilior recallH lh-r
fiiiiiful uioilnlity of Htoek In thc Hprliig
of IHiH, owing to i*.,, rapid Jump liv
ihe therniometor from 2.1 degrees bo-
tu„ ix.m iu tm nimxu, I uon j.itjijui»iy
- imif. while hnlrt-il _in-l toi"iV--. m'o''
gennrlnn will depict the ovperl(-ncen
of tlio crowd ho wns with In 18(17. Yot
nil of theso liiHtnnccH of tho piiHt nro
hacked cluiin over the ilumi* ho fnr ns
dunitlon Ih coiic.irtied by lho leng'hy
kpeii ot tlio leign ot the $nnw King
thnt Is not nt IIh culmlnntlng point.
Tho wind she blow, lho hiiow she
snow, nnd thn  thermometer   diiiiccn .
nwny below tho point of zero.   Oh!
excuse this poetic effusion, denr'rond-
er, ns wo fear that our groy matter hns
Mii'tuml-cd lo tht; i-ftc-i:.*** of \\w arctic
temporntiiro, nnd  If It   woro noron-
ntxry nt (liln stngc of thc gamu to tic
puu our dome, tho convolutions of the
Interior of our think tnnk would he
discovered In a state of solidification,
A glance at the C.IMt. yen!, with tts
-heterogenous gathering of vehicle., of
rapid transportation, would natumlly
convoy Dw lmpre«*lon tlmt thin was
(Continued on pmc H\ 'ip-mPyr.-, 'ir^y:]f      ■_ -    - v&.&f*0?V'?-- - -       ,       - *, -   ■-   -, -*'7-.-.- --"y
.it
'x -,..
v
Was Dynamiting
■1    i*. ■*
0 Desperate Plot
to Discredit Unions
Is the Red Reign of the corporations
in Colorado to be repeated in Califor-
niar
,; .Is lhe malicious motive behind the
revolting fiendish destruction of the
Los Angeles Times Building the same
as-'actuated the' dastardly band'of the
blood-hungry hirelings ,of the "Mine
Owners' Association," who at Independence; Colo.; blew thirteen * men into
eternity in .order to fasten the' criine
on the Western Federation of Miners;
the.,most class-conscious labor organl-
, zation in the world? Docs history
repeat itself? Is a mob of hired murderers to be set loose in Sunuy'Cali-
fornia, such as satiated the Colorado
-gold camps with barbarous brutality?
One who has studied the appalling
war between capital and labor in the
Centennial state; who has traced the
hand'of the corporations from tho
deadly bomb at .Independence to almost the very steps of the gallows in
Idaho, is appalled by the diabolical,
similarity of conditions in Colorado
and conditions iin California.
The mine owners of the,former state
held aloft the banner of industrial
freedom their, name for non-unionism), with one hand and lit the fuse
that blew laboring men into eternity
. with tho other; just as that_human
hyena, General Otis, representing the
vile greed of soulless corporations,
shouted for freedom while ho bound
his workers' in slavery by_tfcc chains
of disunion.
Like Colorado, California is a strong
union state. Strong industrially and
strong politically. Labor feels ils
strength on the political field—a little
.more knowledge and it will lake over
the full produce of ils toll. It has
nothing to gain by violence,, it has
everything to lose.
. Capitalism, on the other hand, has
been forced, step by step, from political power. Los Angeles is at its last
stand in the fight with organized labor.
The Manufacturers', and Merchants'
Association lias lost millions - In ..this
„ fight, and still unionism grows.   The
Los Angeles Times has poured " its
black editorial vomit all over Southern.
. California; still organized labor advances. Tho time has ''come for
more drastic action—the hour has arrived for,violence—capital has everything to gain andrnotbing to lose.
CALGARY IS SWARMING
WITH UNEMPLOYED FOR
WHOM RELIEF IS SOUGHT
Commissioners Urged to Establish Municipal Lodging; House, where'Men
Might Work Out Bed and Meals—
Mayor Mitchell Favors Some Such
Scheme.
are. closed. For two months, while occupying this pulpit, I have been testing the fact.
"I am still knocking for some door
to open, where I can support my family doing honest work, while speaking
the message,of an honest minister. If
it is necessary I .can dig.
Detective Bums, who .worked up the
case against the -labor administration
of Schmitz in San Francisco, * is in
the Southland, and ready to take up
the trail at the proper time. The
Times has a duplicate plant ready for
action. The stage is set and the curtain arises on the most villainous
drama ever enacted before a horrified
nation.
Union labor is guilty, hisses General
Otis as he crosses the line from bloodstained Mexico.. It is the opportunity
he, lias waited for, watched for, prayed
for; organized labor must be blackened and damned, and made loathsome
in the eyes of the people. If the destruction of the Times bulldin would
mean the destruction of trades unionism, then indeed would Otis consider
himself well paid for his loss.
Union labor is-guilty, echoes every
cringing capitalist in Califoriia. Union
labor is guilty repeats every coldblooded Pinkerton thug on the Pacific
coast.
Every line of deductive reasoning
clears union labor oi . this charge.
What possible motive could labor
have for such a crime?      '  **
Why would labor bring about this
holocaust at the every time when the
State Federation was meeting in Los
Angeles, and all the prominent labor
leaders were in the city, and not in
Mexico, as General Otis. But the
detectives in, this case do not expect
to win the stupendous reward by reasoning from deductions, but by reasoning,from instructions—and 'union
men .will be arrested for Ihe crime;
they will be convicted, they' will be
hung, if perjured testimony and murderous desires, can accomplish that
end., •    - *   ■
Thehand of hate can only be stopped by the hand of justice. • Look out
for perjured testimony and manufactured incriminations. General Otis,
the mouthpiece of every scab employing corporation in California, directly,
charges union labor with the outrage.
It will be up to the Merchants' and
Manufacturers' Association., to make
good and readily will they respond.
In the meantime we rest assured in
the belief, that the greed-cursed class
who blew up, the Maine, to bring about
the Spanish' war, would not hesitate
to blow up the, Los Angeles Times in
order to win an industrial war.—Kansas City Socialist.    , *-.
EAST KOOTENAY
■.' The ■> following have been gazetted
as members of the boards of examiners for the undermentioned collieries
in East Kootenay.
Coal Creek Colliery
Appinted by the owners—David
Martin;' alternates, William Wilson,
Bernard Caufield.
Appointed by thc lieutenant governor in council: James M. Stewart.
Elected by the miners—John William Gray; alternates, Thomas Uphill,
Evan Thomas.
All persons Interested, may obtain
full information by applying to the
secretary of the board, James M.
Stewart, Fernie, B.C.
Michel  Colliery
Appointed by tho Owners—William
Robinson; alternates, Thomas Spruston, William Eccleston.
Appointed by tho lieutenant governor  In  council—Joseph  Mason.
„   Elected    hy    tho  mlncrs—Wllllnm
Whitehouse; alternates, Georgo Wilde,
James Shnrp.
All persons interested mny obtnin
full Informntlon hy applying to tlio
secretary of tho board, Joseph Mason, Mlchol, B.C,
Hosmer Colliery
Appointed by tho ownors—A. W.
Courtney; nlternntOB, Jnmes McKelvIo
Hnbort Anderson.
Appointed by tho lieutenant governor In council—.lohn Wyllo.
Elected by tho miners*—Frnnk Dickie; iiltci'iintes, William Itnnkln, Willinm Partridge.
All portions interohted mny obtain
full Information by applying to tho
Hccretiiry of tlio honrd, John Wylio,
Hosmer, B.C.
Cortaln Colliery
Appointed hy tho owihth—Samuel
IllchnrdH. nlternntlvcs, nines McCulIoch, .Vuiliiiiii-**! Howells,
Appointed by the llwHcniiiit governor lu council--Hlohnr'd Joiich.
All pensoiiH Interested may obtnin
full liiforiiintinn by implying to tho
Kcerctnry of lho honrd, Uiehnrd Joiioh,
.Corbin, I I.C.
Altornutf.'s net nn member* of thn
bonrd In the iibm-nce. el those regularly appointed or elected to net
•hereon.
to worry about dividends.    If you "keep
,VQijr_=j«lnQg=eQf@^^tl_»^T]_A»^Trjl11__Tn__Vi.=
plenty of money, for -the company."
This address was made to the mine
superintendents. The circumstances
suggests that the men in Immediate
supervision of mines may aspire to
make a wrong kind of a record for successful management, through possessing a mistaken notion of what the
higher officials think,they want: It
may bo a good thing to tell superintendents that thc earning of dividends
should .not be their worry.—Science
and Art of Mining.
' That the cit>*\ is swarming with.unemployed and destitute men, and that
their sufferings have been 7 intense
during the-cold weather, is the condition of affairs brought.to the attention
of the mayor-and city commissioners
by a petition circulated in the city by
Superintendent McKillop, of the Gospel
Mission,",'and. presented to .the commissioners this morning.
The petition suggests that a munic.
pal lodging house' at which somo kind
of test as to the applicants' willingness to work be established where
men willing to work might secure
enough work to entitle them to a bed
and meals.        '   .
"I think that the best, "way to deal
with these unemployed men is to have
a rock pile at which they could be
put to work and break up enough
stone lo keep our streets in repair."
said Mayor Mitchell, in talking the
matter over with a News Telegram
reported to-day. *•**
The commissioners are taking the
matter up with Superintendent   McDonald of the   Associated   Charities,
which Is partly 'supported by contributions from the city treasury.
-Appended is the petition:
To tho Mayor and. Commissioners of
the City of Calgary:
We, the undersigned, desire to bring
before your immediate notice a situation which in our estimation demands
serious and prompt consideration.   -
There are at present in the City of
Calgary scores, if not hundreds of men
without work. ' They are walking our
streets homeless and penniless. Dur-_
ing, the'extreme cold„of the last few
days their sufferings have been intense
The superintendent, D. A. McKillop,
and workers of the Calgary Gospel
Mission have,been doing their best to
in some measure alleviate the distress
and about ten days ago they opened a
home where at least .some of tho
friendless ones might ,be„taken care of.
Owing, however,' to the smallness of
their-quarters,* this home is already
taxed.far beyond Us accommodation.
Since last Monday this same mission
has fed upwards of 300 hungry men,
and Mr. McKillop, the superintendent,
is still willing to give his heartiest cooperation and help-to any scheme that
can be devised to meet this real and
pressing need. • -.'-.
Would it not be possible to open
some sort of a municipal lodging house
having, if possible, some sort of a
labor test in connection with the
same, wheie men who" are really willing to work (as we believe the' majority of these men are) might secure
_Bngugh_ work   to   entitle   them to at
REJECT CATHOLICISM.
CLING1 TO   SOCIALISM
BELLAIRE, Ohio—Sixty-five Socialists in Neff, a mining town near
this city; have agreed to change the
Catholic' religion rather than give up
their belief in" Socialism.
Most Neff residents are Catholics,
but the' Roman church has been so
much opposed to their political ideas
that at.a meeting recently*; sixty-five
members of the Socialist Club organized the new "Polish Slavonic National Catholic" church. They'" will erect
a new house of worship at once. They
expect the Polish "people of many surrounding towns to join them.
They will be affiliated with the National Catholic diocese of America, incorporated under Ohio laws, of which
the Rev. Father John Tichy, of Cleveland, is head.
been entrusted with, a number of important missions during his term of
service. ' „   .
: Chief Sampson, who,Is' coming from
Fernie to take charge of the Vancouver district, will arrivo in the course
of the. next two or three days.—Vancouver Province. -       '"•-',
CALGARY AND THE UNEMPLOYED
, _____
Because the News Telegram saw fit
to tell the,truth about the unemployed
In'that, city some of the boosters (!*
have,uttered a. squawk about "Knocking, the town."' These self same individuals would also be. the first ■ td
howl about taxation if the city .was
compelled, as happens' every 'winter
in the larger cities,;;to opon up soup
kitchens, eta.* '•i.11 the*;truth and
shame, the devil.'        *■*■
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's   Leading   Commercial Hotel,
■a  '
C
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
J. L.   GATES, Prop.
Samuel Gompers . has asked - Gov
Stuart of Pennsylvania to investigate
into the conditions in the coal miners'
strike in Westmoreland county of that
Mate, whe* e the miners and their families, ere living in tents in a half-
starved condition in an-unequal fight
with their cruel masters for living
w..r,_ conditions: Tlie miners had been
plucked In all the many ways open to
'.he rapacious coal barons, who are in.
possession of the people's coal deposits, reduced wages. Increased si«*
of cars, pluck-me stores, and long
hours! „ The conditions must have
been intolerable, as the women are
said to be more rebellious than the
men, whereas usually they are the
ones to'hold back. It is pretty-hard
to appeal"to the flinty-face of capital-
Ism for relief iii such a case. Pennsylvania does' not elect governors of
the people, but governors to sit on
guard for the marauding class'.1
THE;CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, C. V_ 0_, L. L. D„ D. ,C. L., PRESIDENT.
ALEXANDER LAIRD, GENERAL  MANAGER.   .
r'i
PAID-UP CAPITAL, $10,000,000.
RESERVE FUND, $6,000,000
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
Interest at tbe current rate is allowed on all deposits of $1 and
, upwards in this Department. Careful attention is given to
every account.   Small deposits are welcomed.
Account!, may be opened in the names oi two or more persons,
withdrawals to be made by any one of them or by the survivor.- Full and clear written instructions as to who is to
make the withdrawals should always be given to the Bank
when opening accounts of this nature. '  .  "
FERNIE  BRANCH L. A, 6.  DACK,  Manager.
•i.
STRUCK A SIX-FOOT
COAL   SEAM
The big triple compartmont shaft
sunk nnd timbered, by Contractor W.
H. Hyde, of Pittsburg, for tho Lothbrldgo Colllorlos Co., northwest of tho
city, closo to Klpp, wns complotod a
day or two ago, tho seam of coal, six
feet thick, ''ns Indicated by tho preliminary borings, wns struck at a depth
of four hundred and seventy-flvo feet.
A cross-cut Is now bolng put through
between the big shnft and tho smaller
ono, just to tho north of It, which has
also been complotcd,
Tho scam where struck by tho Lethbridge Collieries' shaft Is nbout eighty
feot doopor thnn nt tho No, G shaft
of tho A, 11. nnd I„ nnd nbout, 180 feot,
deeper thnn nt tho Diamond nnd Royal mlnos, Tho senm Ih nlso considerably wider thnn nt tho lalior mines.
Tho Lothbrldgo Collieries Co. Is tho
comimny of which Chas, I-'c-rglc, tho
omlnciit mining engineer of Montreal,
Is tho managing director, nnd In con
trolled hy Interests generally reputed tri be nllled to tho (Jrand Trunk
Pacific, which aio al.so developing
lnrgo conl nrens wost of Plnclior Creole
and In thn Ynllnwhoml Piihr country,
II Is roportod on good although unconfirmed, authority, thnt \V. II, llydo,
who put down tho LolhhrlilRo Collier-
Ion sliiirt, hns boon glvon tho contract
for ii lnrgo shnft for n somewhat mysterious   comimny   r_onf rolling   lnrgo
least a?bed and a good square meal.
We have already been informed
through the daily press that both the
Where are these (poor men to find a
police barracks and the colls are both
taxed to beyond their accommodation,
shelter from the piercing cold? Thoy
have already been rounded up from
the box cars and' sand pits where
many of them have nightly sought
refuge. Shnll they be frozen on our
streets? The situation is an,exceedingly grave one, and the need is a very
real one. , ,
The winter promises to be very
severe, and wo sincerely hope that the
action of our worshipful mayor nnd
tho commissioners will he In proportion to the gravity of the situation.
The petition bears tho signature of
fifty of tho most reputnble nnd prominent citizens of Cnlgnry. — Calgary
Nows Telegram,
A NEW EXPLOSIVE    ,.
Cheddite, an explosive that has been
extensively used for the past ten years
in Europe, is about to be Introduced
in Canada, says Mines and Minerals.
The explosive will not freeze and is
practically nongaseous. It will burn
in the open air without explosion. Nitric, hydrofluoric and sulphuric acids,
when poured over the powder do not
cause it to explode. Nitric acid has
no effect on it whatever, but it 'effervesces under tho action of hydrofluoric
acid and burns brightly when sulphuric
acid is poured over it. When lt ,1s
charged In a drill hole and exploded
the smoke is not injurious and men
*cair~go-ba"ck-airOnce~tO_their'w'orking"
places without even obtaining a headache.
MERGER IN ALBERTA
Queen's Hotel
Barber, Shop
FirBt class work guaranteed.
Drop  in and convince yourself,
Imperial Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Authorised ... .$10,000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed   $5,575,000
Capital   Paid  Up    $5,575,000       Reserve Fund $5,575,000
*    D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRaV, Vice-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA '   ,
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloop6, Michel,. Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. ,
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT0
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH < GEO. I, B. BELL, Manager"
Razor  Honing a Specialty
G.   RADLAND,  Proprietor,
(Late Palace Barber Shop)
COAL PRODUCTION
Output In United 8tatees In 1910 Within
' One Per Cent of Record,
WASHINGTON—Tho production of
coal in tho United Statos during lfllO
"was hot ween 475,000,000 nnd 485,000,-
000 short tons, an incroaso from ,*ir*9,-
715,704 short tons in 1900, nnd nppro-
xlmiitcly within ono por cent of tho
provlous mnxlmum record of 1907.
This estimate was mndo by 13. W.
Parker from roportH received by tho
Unitod States gcogloglciil survey,
"Tho moat Important factor ln conl
mining In 1910,' snys Mr. Parker, "wnn
tho striko In Illinois and lho southwestern stntos. This Htrlko wns not
settled until September 15, nnd nftor
thnl dato much time woh lost in put-
tion. Tho porlod of Idleness in thc
mines affected wos Tulyy nix montliH.
The sot I lenient was n practical nur-
rcii-lor of tho rtpcnilors to tho domnnds
of tho minors, with nn Incroaso of
5.55 per cont In wages. It was claimed hy tho miners ihnn on .luno 1, 1910,
70,000 mlnorn woro Idlo lu IHIiioIh and
MONTREAL—A. huge fifteen mil-
lion,dollars Canadlnn Conl and Coke
Co. is being Incorporated nt Ottawa.
The sponsors are J. W. McConnell
and If. A. Lovett, K. C. Tho proposal
if to consolidate all the • McConnell
coal Interests, and place' the consolidated company's securities In London
nnd Paris. The companies expected
to be tn'ke'n into tho mr-rgot* include
the Pacific Coal Fields Co,, Ltd,, nt
Yellow Hend Pnss; Western Conl nnd
Coko Co., at, Plnclior Creek, Alta., nnd
tho Lothbrldgo Collieries, Ltd. It is
posslblo thnt tho Sterling Conl Co.
mny bo included, though th.s com-
pnny's operations nro in -Ohio and
Pennsylvania. Mr McConnell has boen
vory successful with his coal ventures
in tho Wost. ,
CHIEF  SAMPSON   COMING
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
Contractors
& Builders
Open for all kinds of business
in thoir, lino
Address Box 07
 ;—KiND_OF—LUMbEk "
that men who arekeen judges
of quality Insist upon getting.
No mattor what you have to
build, If It's to be constructed'
of lumber' place  your  order
for the material with us and
.nave. «ioncy.  ,     -i   	
OFFICE and YARD,  McPHKRSON  AVR., OPP. O. N.  DEPOT,  FERNIE
Fernio Man to TaJTa-v,*.
Provincial   Police
iharge of this
District
115,000 In tho south-wont. Of tho totnl
nroim wost of Klpp, ami who, for thn'-production In 1010 tho nnthrnclto mlnoH
In Ht yenr, lmvo been nliikliig n numbor | of PennnylVHiiln contributor! 83,000,000
of Ion! poioH,—LflhbrlrlKC Herald,
MINE  8AFETY  AND   DIVIDENDS
Usually, when a illKiiKlrouH mlno nccldont nccuiH, tlie cry Ik mndo Ihiu too
much iilleniloii Is given to thn earn*
iriR of dividends nnd not onmiRh to
.,    , ,        . (..
-liutr.nn life. 'n-r.rr-f-~.ro It riven tunic
faction , Riiyn Mining science, to rond
tho wordii (-.iii-ted from tho lips ct
Pn-Mdeiil J. V. Welborn, of ihr.* Colui-
ndo Fuol nud Iron Co., In coiiiiocllon
with  tho ifcent cntasMophen In  lho
Illlllt'h t>l Unt'i UlUOm.'..*       .u.. *.Yti*u**ii"i.
Is quoted n« follows: "I wnnt ovory
unnn to. understand thnt bin first duty
Is to provide f-nfoty In tho min ok of
tho Colorado Fuel nntl Iron Co. Tho
output Is secondnry.    You do not hnvo
IMMIGRATION    TO
BRITISH  COLUMBIA
LONDON--The Dully fiiaplilr: Hity-**
that Canada's Immigration report justifies thn emigration nf children nnd
thnt thin vast field of philanthropic
ondoavor has hnrtlty been louche.!,
At Calcutta, India, thlrty-two Hindoo pol'cHnon clubbed somo Mohom*
mednn worHlilpporii   who   wanted to
1V_-   «..*.'4.._iV    ll'i-W
Hliorl ions nml lho bltiimnloiiH m'lics
between .190,000,000 and  .00,000,000,"
REV. DR. LOUX, MERIDEN, CONN,,
AII_oe» that Modern Church It Playing
Fn»t and Loose with Principle! for
Which Chrlit Died—Therefore He
Decomei Socialist
MBKIDEN, Conn. Jan. 9,--no'v7r)r,
Dubois IL l.oux, pastor of Contro Con*
gic-Kittioiuti --i-urui, -t-i-'u 'lull ui'it-iuivu
.......fl...-  ■.-■..•■■.*,     1V<- «..-.'4.._iv  i...*_.''.r.-''-''l*i_"m,  '.mi] lm'.-. written  n novel
t ondiirt foolish.    Yel here in Canada I presenting his theories, rond bin roslt;*
wo hnvo ProtestrintH fiRhtlnj? CnlhollcB !nation ns pastor nt tho mornliiR norvlco
VICTORIA, Tan. 7.—It is roportod In
government, circles hore thnt. Chief
Chief Constnhlo Sninpson of tho provincial polico dlHtrict. of Fornio lias
boon transferred to Vnncouvor to tako
up tho duties of chlof constablo of tho
Vnncouvor district, which has boon vn-
cant ovor hIiico tho appointment of
Chief Colin Cnmpboll to tho pom of
provincial liquor llconso Inspector,
Constable. John Munro, who has been
net Ing In lho nbsonco of n pormanont
appointee nt. Vancouver, has hoon
tiannforrod to Fernio to succeed Clilof
Sampson.
Provincial Conntablo John Munro,
who has boon tu tho provliiclnl polico
offlco In this city for ti numbor of
yonrs, will lonvo on Sundny to tako
up bin now dutlofi In tho contro of tho
coal mining dlHtrlcl, Ilo In a rollablo
officer on tlio provliiclnl forco and hnn
KING'S HOTEL
Bui' supplied with the  best Wines,
Liquors niul Cigars
D1N1NO  HOOM  IN  CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Catarrh Cannot Be Cured
wit"*. UKKh API'LtOATIONS, M thr-r ««»«♦ raita
.tin *.__. ot ito in*-■._•*■■■. (Tittnti (i * i.|»".i i-r i*..n«ii.
tiiU'i«i»i «\*t*<r, uii Lnt/nlft .<> ««• ll |«i muni UW»
And the cnpltnllstH nro cornering tho
monnn of lifo whilo thc common pooplo
xnunhhle nvor rrreds.
Premier Rlflon of Albortn derlmfpg
thnt Alberta should hnvo flvo experimental fnrniH ench io cost $L-fi.00O.
Theso nre to bn bought nnd furnished
nut of public monies nnd without nny
Idon of mnklng n profit, out of   thom.
They nro run to instruct, lho people,Us car to Dw im-und. to make avive
how to fnrm proporly. If farms can I Ihnt tho work! of wealth la not oMend-
lm rim   v» it limit  proFH   for  Uio mn _  ud Iu U.
"For this reniiou to ho truo to my
tnlnlitry. I must atnnd ouUItlo the pas
yostordny. In this loiter ho Haiti;
"I hold it without quostion thnt organized ChrUtnlnlty U dlssoliito.
It Ik playing Lint nml lot-no wnn iim
principle** for which Chrlat riled, lt
dnro not "do truo. A church todny Ih
n nodal body with religious nnd morn!
tendon-Men. It» doctrines must ho eon*
Kt-nlnl nntl unrllHtnrbtng. Out of ltd
nccoiallle* It feels thnt it must keep
NORTHERN
HOTEL
Wm. Eschwi£, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cafe Attached
^mummmmmm^mm^mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
OPEN DAY and NIGHT
ii,umu rftnMit*. iuiii i:*un» «*uw u uk«_ rn- 0( •},-*, nenpln, why cannot w« h-ne
»..r.*«* ir*)** umni <t_rt tt net ■ <)_»'*. iM-di- i bf-tikit run •althout profit nnd the rtl»-
i.w,_H**avrrinr'i>*tir™rt.i*."*i*)™**lirlbHiian ot commodities without pio-jtornio that 1 may voice ray protest
li. ihlt wuiitry M yriit*. »iirfl» * ^•'iiliriiriMTl-iili-n. ,
it ■• r.,n*.B.j«a ««iu u«i wn<"» iHiown, ti,tnbiK«i _ [|t nnd the production of food with--.it purely.
*\il£F*«.^&wrWl**ffl 3 !£ W I! "   Wo ran have the«e thln.».      "! hnve count*! Dw coat. The doom
i.. i.*ir,u n iu j^^ ws^iui •» j Jl!H, ns mnn nH ,!,„ peoplo, wnnt ta . of charchm wll! tw e!n-*M! to me.   0ur
K'i'l't fl    '' J r [" ■/ pirirr H      ••■■■P. i| .Vr [■,****»'Tfifwi*'*i'*».  trw.        i* »» jv_.t_.»"
r. t finiNf'V ■» «-<».. rmr*.\iji«v>,t>. i fitmmh rent, interest nnd profit,—Cot- •n.li*»fi*_i rmb\ iurt nli"-'-_ lo weKoiuuj,
fiflli ttf I'*.*****-*.*.."**. r."<* i*r.
T»ke lliil * _-'*_m.ljr I il.» f'.r ff<*.>1l_»«lf-<i.
ton's Weekly.
tno Into a profeitorahip. lluihtoii doora
.     m. r\ n *,    _f-(i    if*
(h ourn; stocked with tho bnal «oj|-
lorn In liquor*. Iiuying good liquors
dona not JiiHt happen by chnnco, but
ii it. hy using oxporlenco and know-
IoiIro of what good.,
WINES  AND LIQUORS
should he, nnd hy going whero thoy
nre Hold. Our Hunon**- not kuov.u
for their purity and aatiafytng quail-
Ilea. We sell only in can* lota, hut
you will wnnt that much, they aro
ao cverlaatlivK Rood.
THE POLf.0 .« WINK COMPANY
Fernie, B. C.
Central
Hotel
Workingman's Home
. it
Large Airy Rooms &
.   Good Board
MANGAN
A  BOARD   FENCE
should be built of our lumber
if you wish it to stand hard
and long usage. All of our
lumber is clear'and straight
grained.    It Is the
Prepare for Fall
and Winter
A
Wo havo just clenred our ttumtnor stock out nnd now wo,nro
ready to fit you up for tho winter from hend lo foot. If you nre
looking for tho futuro nnd intond to snvo your .moucy purchnso
your goodu from us. Wc hnvo Just bought tho Block of Mr. Jnmen
Hnddnd nnd now wo nro carrying n vory lnrgo stock of ladles' nnd
gents', ftunlBhlngfi. Trunks nnd vnllBCS, in fnct, ovorything for
men, womon nnd chlldron.
Our $1,25 Swontor Conts hnvo no equal. Our $1.7G Pen Anglo
UndersultB hnvo thom nil bonton.
Our Suits nro Just tho kind you* nocd for stylo nnd durability.
We enrry a Inreo nssortmont of Doots nnd Shoos, tho bost selection thnt monoy nnd urnlnn cnn buy.
KEFOURY  BROS.
r
Noxt to Wlutt'iiu niimly Storo
Noxt to N'ortliorn Hole
Ross & Hackay E£2£
s.
Moving
Pictures
and
Vaudeville
Every
Night
A, Pizzocolo, Mgr.
**••••**■* ****•**•*•*•*•••*
Fresh.   Cut
Flowers
tmMmttmmmmmamismm
House and Office
Plants, Funeral Flowers, Wedding Bouquets.
TBRRILL FLORAL GO
Lon-r Dlitinc* 1 .ion* in
LETH BRIDGE        ALBERTA
Yuiir iti*-lfi'M will riii-i-lvii prompl nt-
tout (oni* ml you xv III bo i*l-'i.ncd with
st \ ,\l   M'f,  „(,(1,1   ,■•...
>•
>■
>•
>-
i-
)-
)•
>
>
m\
)-
)>
)■
)■
>'
)>
)*
. *
)'
>'
I-
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_-
I-
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1-
)■
1-
I-
I
)
l>
I-
_*_!___.
60   YEARS'
BX.KMBNOI
i\
Ledger Ads Pay
IP
^k^WaW-WF1 Trade Mam*
^■■■■K* _     DMI-SNt
»F?T?1'    OatMf fiioMT* 4et,
Ant eat Httittui *. *UUh txxi tuvstMinn m*<i
Bttiiklr **e*nim w* orinto-**. t teajgUulMr ah
Ta**tnvm 1*m\iplr9fyr>iM!,.&>n'%''Die*'
l\rin..tntil\jhiill*ntfJrrk\in^ttmP*i*tA»
MutllM. OMttl UtlwrMWuiUUMl 1WMUU.
futmu t-Utn Uinmkti Mann iva.no*tre
latitat eatut. »t( hatt aum*, to tae
Trade Mam*
OUI-SNt
0a(Mffii0MT«4et,
I a »iiUl» w4 <f-i-Kriu .Mn may
.... ^ln^f _fa
-.•nla*
MutliM. *U!<1.«_ *^*ui.»MimiuLuiml—LLU,
menu tit nn Uinmkti Mann. £_«**. nMtri
■^wssste*. THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, JANUARY 14, 1911
PAGE THREE
Workmen Needed(f);
in British Columbia
■ Out in British "Columbia laborers
are very scarce, and'the building, of
the Grand Trunk. Pacific ;v across the
mountains is. likely*to'be a,problem
Public sentiment will hot tolerate the
importation of Asiatics nor will the
Provincial' Government sanction it,-
, and the contractors have therefore to
, look elsewhere-for t_.fr men. At
least five thousand will bo needed,
and Mr. Stewart of the contracting
- firm, has gone to, Scotland iu' the"
hopes of securing them. "These
men will make good settlers after* the
road is. constructed," says Mr. Stew-
■■ art. "They will cost us more than
Asiatics would have done,. but the
railway and* the country will have the
advantage of five thousand acclimatized settlers of the finest r--4ce. the
world has produced."
The above clipping is taken from
"The*War Cry," the.official organ ofthe Salvation Army, of January 7th.
If there is one body that comes
closely-in touch with the destitute and
' poverty stricken it fs this one, and
should therefore know that conditions
at the present time do not warrant the
statement that "labor is scarce,"
If it were so, why would it be so
necessary for them to be" constantly
seeking subscriptions to carry on their
welfare work on", behalf of the poor
and needy?
If there are no poor and needy then
they are obtaining money under false
pretences; on the other hand, if they
are feeding many hungry men through
out Canada because of unemployment,
then the statement that ."out in British Columbia laborers are very
scarce," does not harmonize with the
truth. .     ■        "" ?
That there' are honest and earnest
men who find It difficult to make ends
meet is* well known to the members
of the S.A., nay, more, thore are members of the local organization that
know by their own personal experience that we are' stating facts that
cannot be denied. ■
Two years ago at tho Trades and
Labor Congress after' W. R. Trotter
had made his report on, this subject
and called special attention to the
work done by the S. A., .Colonel Lamb,
who was 1n' attendance, stated that he
was willing and ready to gd back to
preaching rather than do any wrong
by his connections with tho immigra-
tio department.  * ,
BUNKUM COFFEE SUBSTITUTES
Barred from Gorman Prisons
A Gorman manufacturer of cereals
and malt coffee recently proposed to
furnish his preparation as a substitute
for, coffee in the prisons. At. the request of the Minister of Education, a
report, on the subject was made • by
Professors Rubner and Kraus. Tho
report says: ,
"Coffee cannot be replaced by corn
or malt. Such a substance at. once
serves no other purpose than the
preparation' of a dark coffee-like
liquid or a slight addition, of nutriment to tho diet, which could he accomplished quite as well and at less
expense by a little bread. There is
no equivalent for genuine ..coffee, because in substitutes Its stimulating
action .is lacking.v For,, this reason
comparisons of, price are not to be
considered.* As the'diet of prisoners
affords very little condiments or invigorating elements, coffee * should be
retained. ' The substitutes are, to be
sure cheaper, but considering the cost
of material' and of preparation, they
are sold at an excessively, high price.
,,Consequently the refusal .of the .proposal is recommended."
gono," if he went that way at all, but
he.was fascinated with "Looking Backward,' and had Bellamy to visit him;,
and from the first he had a luminous
vision of organized labor as the only,
present help for working men. Ho
would show that side with suc.'i clearness and such forco that you could
not-say anything in hopeful contradiction; he saw with that relentless insight of his that in tho unions was
the workingmah's only present hope of
standing up like a man against money
and the power of It. Thero was a
time when,I was afraid that his eyes
were a little holden from the truth;*
but in the very last talk I heard from
him I found I was wrong and that'the
great humorist was as great a humorist as ever. I wish that all the workfolk could know this, and could know
him their friend in life'as he was in
literature; as he was in such a glorious gospel, of equality as tho Connecticut Yankee at the Court of King Arthur."—Cleveland Citizen.
BELGIAN     COAL     DEVELOPMENT
MARK   TWAIN'S ..LEANINGS
_ ..'William-Dean Howells, Socialist and!
■niov"eiisr7-iiT^;-r~seTi^"n)fT^ftIci5T~lir
Farp'er's Magazine on Mark Twain, of
whom he* was an intimate friend, tells
of" Mark Twain's attitude to working-
class politics in tho following description.'. '     " ■ '   - "
'His mind and soul we.-© with thoso
•;t.i.o-uo ni*-* -ii«i-u"Wori_, ,..«-. :hn. w'nrlfli"
In fear of those who give them a
chance for, their, livelihoods and underpay them nil they can. Ho nover
wont so far in Socialism ns I have
Importance   to   Economic   and   Com-'
mercial Interests of'-Antwerp. ,
Vice-Consul-Generaf   Harry     Tiicl*
Sherman, writing.from Antwerp, shows'
that the development of Belgium's recently, discovered coal fields will have
._.,_.  __..____«l__._ _. _. _________ — _*,"__ 4-1. £_. -_1* _.__ __ __.
an—ilupui luii-.--*-"Jeanne—vjl--lho—uou^
of that country:     _*
For some years-past it'has been
recognized that the Belgian coal district is being worked out. , The discovery, therefore, of coal, deposits in
the Provinces of Limburg and Antwerp—Campine district—has been welcomed, as promising great industrial
development for the Antwerp district.
Tho Invested capital here has been absorbed by shipping and" traffic ln the
staple articles and raw materials'. Fin- j
ancial groups*/ind banks of this district have been more attracted by foreign investments than by local indus-'
tries, giving their attention to land in
Egypt, tramways in South America and
Russia, rubbernn the Kongo, Malay
States, etc. The utilization of great
deposits of coal, however, may work a
total change in the economical conditions of this part.of,the country, for
the close proximity of fuel is an incentive to the establishment of manufactures, and it may-be expected that
before many years' tho' capital which
now goes abroad will bo concentrated on the development of local Industry. There, has been no practical
working of the new coal fields, but
from soundings the first coal is found
at 726 yards depth, and below this to
82 yards are 7 strata ,of coal, the layers
varying between 2 1-5 and 6 1-2 feet.
The coal field upon which borinsrs
have been made extends from the
village? of Embleheme and Oosmallt*-.
on the west to Maestncnt and Maevck
on the east. Long flame and gas coal
are found west of the meridian. Half
soft and hard coal is * found east of
the meridian. A very large amount
of capital will ho required before the
Campine coal fields can be made commercially successful. Several working concessions have been granted and
plans have been , made for miners'
villages.' Application for concessions
are being made for the entire district, but certain portions to the north
and south belong to the State, In which
nd soundings have been made. There
appears a desire on the part of .the
government to reserve the entire benefit for. Belgian enterprise.
Value for Coking—Improved Antwerp
Docks
The soundings made and the analyses of the samples of ..the Campine
coal lead to the inference that the gas
and coke, zones are' the richest, and
most important of the', entire' basins'.
Gas coal having upward of 31 per cent
of volatile matter is found in all the
explored portions in Limburg and becomes more* abundant toward the west,
representing" more than one-half of
the' total wealth*, of the Jiew coal district. Coke coal, containing from 18
to 25 per cent of volatile, matter, is
found in 12 soundings in the' province
of Limburg'ad in 5 in the province of
Antwerp.
The facilities ,of the port of Antwerp for coaling steamships will be
increased ten-fold, for at present steam,
coals have to be brought by rail or
canal from the coal district in the
South, or by sea from Cardiff and
Newcastle and from Westphalia. With
coal available from the mines in the
Campine, .so near the .Antwerp docks,
it can be readily understood that great
advantages will accrue tb this branch
of, the shipping trade. , Furthermore,
the ■ comparative ease'' and cheapness
with which the coal can he brought to
the banks of the river will ..encourage,
the establishment.of factories as near
Tn~e-waterways"1ana~dociifs~"a"s7possible7
It^would seem, therefore, that if what
the engineers and prospectors; claim,
is true, the port of Antwerp' may become, before,. another. 25 years, a
vast shipping," industrial and'mining
centre. It doubtless with the coal
mines in view that,the Belgian goverft-
ment adopted in 1905 that vast plan
of port extension, which' will 'make the
dock system, and the port of Antwerp
tho largest in the world.. '
SNIPED   FROM   "JOHN    BULL";
' Lord Rosebery speaks of the. '.'Spectre of Socialism," * But spectres can
usually be "seen through.';
* *   *       .• '-
Eighty people have been injured in
an election riot in Cork. The Irish
certainly do need "self-control."
* *   * _.
"Fogs' was-a recent topic at' St.
Mary-at-Hill, Monument. We trust
the subject was made clear.
* *   * -,
"If London goes a Liberal Inch the
country will go a Liberal ell," says
the "Leader." Hasn't a "to" been
left out?
* »   • -
The fact that five Willesden undertakers were recently summoned for
non-payment of rate proves that undertaking is a dying industry. "
* *   *
a
A Wesleyan bazaar at Croydon was
opened by phonograph. Quite a record, we imaging.
-,       *   *   *
The statement that holly is scarce
leaves us unmoved; it is.the mistletoe scare we object to.
* *   *
A parody, "The Song of Redmond,"
in a contemporary is signed "M.T.P."
Is the full name M. T. Pate?
*.   *   *
The French comic artists are threatening to strike. ' If they do, it will
be "no joke" for the- poor editor.
* *' *   '
"Music, to he heard to perfection,
should ho teard in absolute darkness,''
says Mr. Tilson Young. ' Ball-room
couples'found that out yenrs aqo.
■*   *   * *
'Petrol can now bo solidified, we are
told, .if they could only maka sum-.
of tbo • recent oil companies " woiid."
too!
Christmas puddinu.-**. are costing
more *his year. ■ Tlity usually aie
a*,'*l.t*»v'*."''ilem.
■K     * u   *
The new Mayor of High Wycombe,
who  is   a  barber  should  remember,
when he speaks, to "cut, it short."
"     '        . *   •   *
Books to be Shelved:
'."There js Nothing New."   The book
is convincing.
"'The break of Day." - A sequel to
"The Fall*of Night,"  we presume.
"Chain's.'.     An excellent binding.   .
"October Vagabonds." Should .be
given a trial.     . '. •
"The Cradle of the Deep." *Seni
us to sleep.
"The Goldsmith of Chepe." Not
dear.     ,      . ■>
"The Man,in Dark." The hero's
views* are vague.
"A Book of Nimble Beasts."  . We
itched to read it.
' "Cambridge."     A blue book.   .
"The Witch's Kitchen." We are
"fed up" with this.sort of tfiing. .-
one every foreign mail they lost their
point and fell flat. Still they come,
however, and this is an example wliich
the writer saw a few days ago:
"Dear Gentlemen.—It Is with deep
pleasure'that I request, of you    to
,   send you an expert s/mple.of your
bicycles. which I seen advertised in
the  papers.      They' are  with bell,
'lnmp complete and it is much busi-
, ness to be done in here if they are.
My friends here, recommend me to
yourself with much desire and give
then it is so kind.'.  Stato nie fine
terms and. with catalogue:—Your af-
fetnte—Peter Saulang, Esq.
' "P-S.—Send  quickly  and  pattens
of cloth and all with steamer."
Why It Was Done
One man who had received a number of thes letters had the curiosity to
refer some of them to H.B.M. Consur
in the district, eliciting the information
that the letters are writen by native
schoolboys seized with a desire to air
their acquired knowledge of English.
Strange to say, I have come across
some advertisers who have treated
these epistles seriously and sent out
samples in the hope of opening up
new territory.—Printer's Ink.
ENGLISH   COMPANY
FORMED   FOR   THE   WEST
Two and a Half Million Firm Organized
to Raise Wheat on Gigantic Scale—
Stated it Will Own 64,000 Acres of
Land
LONDON—The result of tlio recent
visit in the Canadian west of Lord
Hindlip and' John Dennis,, tho well-
known Convent ■ Garden, merchant,
and ex-Mayor of Westminster.was seen
recently, in the prospectus of the Canadian Wheatiands, Ltd., capital £500,-
000 in ono. pound shares, of which
£350,000 were offered at pnr through
Chaplin, Milne, Grenfell and company.
The company was formed to buy 6-i,-
000 acres from the Southern Alberta
Land Company, who guaranteed five
per cent dividend for two years,
The Dennis firm is„among the most
successful cultivators here. They
havo a farm of 7,000 acre's ln Lincolnshire. They, mean to apply similar principles to Western wheat pro-'
ductlon,—Edmonton Journal. •
"ALL   MEN   ARE . BORN    EQUAL-
NATIVE  SCHOOLBOYS.
.     AIRING , KNOWLEDGE
A few years ago advertisers got a'
lot of good fun and several laughs out
of "a-peculiar type, of letter" which invariably came from the Gold Cost.,
These letters were always couched in.
the most, seriously humorous pidgin-
English, quaintly expressed, and generally wound up' with the. most affectionate sentiments.' While they were
new they were funny, but when they
began to come in "at the" rale of about
Do You
Want a
Home ?
9
i
i
I
Three 20-acre Tracts, of
which four acres on each
are improved, on Lake
Front and located where
there is good settlement.
Price per block §1500 and
„ at terms to suit purchasers.
This is a chance for anyone
,  - intending" to make a home
•     for himself at once.,
■ ■*■*_
.    _. ° ■
C i -,
_
Joe Grafton
But it Nobbut Last Two Minutes."
The remark ir, often mado that Socialists foment class hatred. Thoy
do not. merely pointing oui tlio reasons of its existence". Tlie following
is one.
At Camberwe|l (London, S.E.), a
starving man sold a barrow in order
to buy food for his family. He was
a first offender, so was sentenced to1
only Four Months Hard Labor. Theo-
bold, a swindler, against, whom there
whom there were over 2,000 frauds
proven in connection with "The National Home Employment Asocialion,"
-!n=w___c__=iTiany=poor=peop_6=-were=the"
sufferers, was sentenced to Six months
in the second dlvl'sion, which means
he will live in good style. We do
not need to go so far afield for,liko
Instances, but of  this  more anon."
s
I Fernie
P. O. Box 48
B. G.
i
SOMETHING   FREE  TO  ALL
i
You spend $1.00 and receive not only
full'value, but n chance free of a sensible addition.
Where?. At Suddaby's.    ,
I
N-ADVERTISING—
and good business
stationery is advertising--
■ it's, not so much the taste
of the man producing the
matter* as the consideration of what wili appeal
to- the people he desires -
to reach. , Still, you your-*'
self will find a keen, personal satisfaction in using
good paper and printing.
May we show you samples ?
The District Ledger
/
The   Very
on
Is  the   Earth  Itself
Homeseekers
Aro you a homescekcr, or aro you,,
seeking a snfo and profitable investment in tlio district'of the .futuro, 'witli ■
spring tho whole yenr round, soil of in-
oxhaustiblo fertility, crops growing
overy month in tho year, nnd transportation nt yoiir very, door to take your
products to all markets; whoro thero is
a fino ocean harbor, and whero grows
everything eatable necessary for tho
country ?
THUS HEALTHIEST LOCATION
IN THE COUNTRY
Wlioro you wilt got well on tho
climate.
Whoro mod.icino is unnecessary.
Where there is plenty of rainfall nnd
heavy dows. ,
Whoro llio cool air from nearby
mountains onuses rninfnll ovory month
in the year.
Whoro you nro at the Const.
Where you do not need to irrignto.
Whoro you nro near tho deep wntor
ports.
"wi-jo-pr. \\ij, c,*nf".HT.t ce?. Vtici *Tikc
life worth living.
Whero it rarely freezes.
Whero there nre no winters, cyclones,
blizzards or tornadoes.
Whoro tho flowers bloom ovory month
Whero you cnn wear tho same kind
of clothes comfortably nil tho year
round,
Whoro you fnrm every month in tho
year.
Where yon jmivo mora than you can
make Eastward.
Where the lidu uf im ignition is* rapidly going, and land values aro rapidly
riding.
Where thc land will yield anything
. equal to any part of thc country.
Where sunstroke is never known.
•! ,....„ ',
f*i__,_.i,'
SMALL INVESTORS OPPORTUNITY
Market unlimited; soil most fertile;
climate ideal; middleman eliminated;
produce from cultivator to customer
without intermediary. Tho proximity
to the principal const cities of tho province furnishes tho best possiblo markets. Transportation facilities unex-
<■_ led.
Apply to Owner
A.  CROWSTON
Branch Office, Roma Block, Fornio, B. O.
Hoadquartort, 1537 Third Avo. W.
VANCOUVER, B.O.
LOCATION: in th* midst of mining,
lumbering and othor largo industries,
which afionl largo remunerative employment lo tho ownors nf .small farms
in the early stages of their development.
TERMS: 10 per cent ensh; balance
ou terms to suit thc purchaser. NO
INTKRKST VS UNPAID UAbANX'K.
Homeseekers
Whercyou do not work nix moirt.|R*of-:
each yoar to keep from, trcc^ig ami-*
starving,the, other six .mpiUhSrfj
Whero' 'vegetation is so strong amr'so
rapid .to to astonish'ft.iy ErfttiiniIt,'''' ' "
Where five1*or ten rt«nW-7»7il«ln,,fW»*H -
or vegetables, or' pmilti-jvwilbnMkc. a
fort uno.. .   .,vVv._._v..-*ilM,-.'-.,,-_
Where water is soft, pure, iuid./jih_Ut'_"
.fui. ;■"   '■•/■"- ,--}'i   *
WMiero'riittlf'Hiiiil<es''iive,iiiik'*iWW*1i;' * •
Where you can live iir a summer liouso
surrounded by flowers, fruits and ferns.  ■
Where, there are practically no luxes.
Where il is so healthy that peoplo
rarely die except from old ago.
Where lung trouble, enliirrh,    hny
fever, asl limn, bronchitis,   rheumatism
and all the ills of variable climates aro
practically unknown.
■  Where ymi will live ton years longer.
Where you work Itfss "and obtain
more than in any oilier place on earth.
Whero your land yields onormously,
and freight rules are not necessary.
Where there is the best, fishing and
limiting.
Win tu <tll (hu iiuiiiHtrieh uru ncnrit-y.
Where gn-at opportunities itit- lying _
dormant.
Kvcryone buying one of those farms
or lots prepares for the future and old
llgW.
Labor is the foundation of wealth,
but without ils proceeds invested you
will toil on to the end, Do not miss
tbe o[)|.o*-i,.iily. The only difference
between ri-li and poor is one of in-
vestment
A farm itt the country, nnd at thc
t]nnr '-f lho city.
To be si*ld in .small parcels of from 5
to 10 acres at terms to suit the purchaser.
Practically all the water mint is a
elntn bed nt low titK -**7b- '**-*
\
^ffirgff.
m Dffl^fT.ia^s^^fMBNip, ftyftaii^MMW M_*tfw>. i
'rK*^?^-'*'
SrJ%T£.*£tiZi*1f z+^K^.,w&TVsxzii<iXK*f&mj?te7z,£-~-~Z.'''~'*
.   f-J5  -*.'*-*-1'**
€ihHR*§rt*^ CAfe*'
. Published e^cty ^tiifday '_uin_i& a^ite •fft»e,
Pellat "Avenue,'Fetnie,!. C.   Bubscriftita $1.M
i. ■**
per year in advance.    An excellent advertiBing
medium, " Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
J. W. BENNETT?, Editor.
framed as to admit of repetition or impersonation.
.Yet omthe- other-hand; it _s, already -in vogue- elsewhere, and instead of creating the evils mentioned
■jtjjcy are carefully>,.pbviated. As it is at present
ev^x voter has.to-make -.a declaration- and.-- sigh
samefin like manner under the improved'hiethod-'he
could be provided' with- a copy ''"properly"-' signed,
numbered' and attested, which copy would
have to be presented and his signature obtained for
SSBSSSSSSS*
INJURES  EMPLOYES
Sn-
COMENSPATION CODE
Chairman  Mercer,  Representing  Nine
States,   Makes ..Public. Result.
-Vi-.' of Hiji Labors'   ',
$#&%    i*f;.-.   .'*••___ .-.■■;
• ^jfw    **J - - *
deats do occur, his right of tompeiisa-
__...     ion is establ'shed automatically and
■^»,h-#^«^iL%L^fr^^^^.^.j^-g.^-b3, itlbitrfitibif'ol^E
form prescribed in the code'/whiclrpro
yides for" all possible -fe^turps^of the
new system anil.com'bVneV'ijian-J-ol. the
■ideas now^eniployed in European c-oiii.
^_ttikh 7$y Mercer,  chairman  of  thei tries \vl_erev-'compeiisation-acts areef-
'M_minUfBA- . nnt* acanfififf   ninn   ctntAC   tn  ' feCtiVC    '-'   '■    '• *" '"
The board of arbitration,.according
'iSmtnittee- representing nine states to
prepare an employes' compensation
code, recently made public the result
lo the proposed code, shall consist of
!,-V.?£;*i\-S,ilUA.
.* ■*/*_*. ss-t*-.»■i.-ffr^-y-iX-- ■■}""
'•'Zi^'ii-'. '■?-
of labors covering several, years "of in-"-three members in every county-of-the
Telephone No. 48.
Postoffice Box No. 380
IABEL>
comparison if voting at a booth where' he was not \e™&!
known.     This method of identification *is common
place in other walks of life, and could be equally
so for .voters.   .
One advantage would accrue, and that i.s the poll
would be-much heavier, because.the present'diffi-
culties intervening to prevent a man froni using
the franchise would1 be surmounted..
'A STITOH IN TIME SAVES NINE.
THE CIVIC ELECTION
PRIOR to the election the comments were numerous regarding the difficulty that would ensue t•>
obtain a council because of the'severe criticism the
retiring body was subject to, yet we find as a result
of Thursday's voting that a complete get of officers
will take charge of the city's affairs for 1911. The
only exception was the re-election of Robert Dudley as school trustee at the head of the poll which
not only must be gratifying to that gentleman, but(
is a tribute of the high esteem which he enjoys ih
'•I
the community.     .        -,
.There, is another!* very significant feature which
tells■ its1 story tq those who read between the lines,
and that* is the fact the representatives of one element head the poll and between the lowest of the
former-and the highest of the latter thre is a difference of 42 votes.
This disparity - should serve as an object lesson
to all parties concerned, and we trust that when
■ their term of office has expired they may, by their
zeal for the welfare of the city be.entitled to, and
receive, the hearty commendation of-the citizens .of
Pernie. '      -.->
. The path that lies before, them is not one of plain
sailing by any means, but if they tackle the, different-problems confronting them with earnestness
° of purpose and honesty of intention, though natur'-*
ally criticism must be expected, they will receive
'the co-operation of-,the voters.  --/The. finances-of
the city demand exceedingly car eful - handlin g; and
at th?same-'time-There"are nTeWd^impro'vemeritf
essential, hence judicious' expenditure. is of' vital
import. * . The recent severe storm, emphasizes th.e
.* importance of suitable snow ploughs being purchased in order to keep open the avenues 'of communication.     The-electric light,  'water --service   and
sewerage demand attention.;-   Preparations should
be made betimes to cope .with the situation when the
spring thaw sets in.           ,
- With the constantly increasing population across
the G.N. track in the Annex, nb time should be
,lost in demanding the" construction of either   an
overhead track or a subway, and thus eliminate the
cverpresent danger of a level crossing.
"    According to the auditor's report of the City
of Nelson, a depreciation of 5 per cent amounting to
$8*694.50 is shown on the municipally owned plants.
This is an item that ought to be considered by the
outgoing council as a matter of business and fairness to the incoming board.  ..-■'-.
Tho question of payment of salary to the mayor
. is one that should be given every consideration.
If a man performs duties he is entitled to pay, but
by the payment of a salary to one, whose term of
office is likely to expire just when he becomes a
useful factor, establishes a precedent that could be
, ffrcatly improved by the mayoralty being a honorary office, and'the pervie'es of a thoroughly competent man W'itKwide experience in the administration of city business engaged at a good salary, Triuch
in the name .-manner as .the affairs .of any other
business concern would be administered.    Wc submit this for the consideration of the new mayor and
council, which they can be assured 5b the wish of a
large percentage of the ratepayers, aH we are confident a referendum would undoubtedly   demonstrate.
IF there were an outbreak of .hog cholera, glanders
foot and mouth disease or. any other contagious
malady affecting livestock in the province of Alberta what would-be done by the government authorities both Provincial'and Dominion?
It is safe to state,that experts would be sent out
immediately for the purpose of investigating the
same and removing - the, cause thereof... Why
would this be done?
For the simple reason that the domestic animals
infected have a market value, consequently it is
of vital importance that no time should be lost in
preventing the spread of the disease, whereby a
monetary loss is entailed.
Some of our readers may'wonder whither our observations are tending, and to what they allude.'
, To obviate further wonderment on their part,-we
will state that the theme under, consideration is
the establishment, of-rescue stations for the.miners
in Alberta. ' ,
On the 9th December 31 men lost, their lives in
the Bellevue Mine explosion. * -The evidence so far
furnished at the enquiry at "present in course shows
conclusivly that the mortality would have been far
less had there been any equipment for rescue purposes handy, even as it; was the apparatus sent from
the Hosmer Mines and Michel were instrumental in
saving those who would otherwise be resting in the
grave. •*•' '■*'...
The Alberta Government has from time-to time
been approached* with regard to the enactment of
legislation that would more thoroughly safeguard
the lives of ' the men working underground, but
have deferred on the plea of a desire to make it
more comprehensive than if hurriedly framed. Be
this as.it may, no. valid reason can.be assigned for
postponing the establishment, of rescue - stations."
We do-*not wish to cloud the subject at all iiqr
to be misunderstood. We _ully realize;that .the
present investigation is timely and that there- is"
every.reason to expect that the result .of these de-
vestigation, travel and 'correspondence.-
measure-is designed, U**.- replaoo;
tlie present system of recoverfngj'daih-'
ages for personal injuries Inc'urred in
industrial occupations by a"'c'ode whicli
will t eliminate the . company ' claim
agent!", the jury -investigator, the fix-
able witness and the ambulance- chasing personal,injury-lawyer. Where, it
is now necessary for an-injured workman to bring suit at, his own expense
against large'* and-wealthy employing
fli^ms, the proposed system does away
with this form of litigation altogether
and makes the damages resulting from
Industrial accidents .a charge' upon th«
industry'instead .of against the persons connected with the a'cmuem. on
state/these three to be appointed by
the district courts and to hold, their offices subject lo its approval.' It further provides, tliat. no person.shall act
as arbitrator who is. related to either
party,to the case by blood oivmar-
riage , to'the.-second degree, or who
shall liii'ye any personal interest, in'the
matter-in .dispute. ■ • -'.--.-,-'■.
' Together with the main code, .which
is mandatory in lonn, is submitted an
alternative plan which places the adoption of the compensation plan upon
an elective basis. ,        ... ' - '
,The joint commission whicli has now
completed its work is the outgrowth
of movements' started -independently
iii various states.    'Believing that un
!_r%_T~ B •-. IwrSaw
either-side. At present the working- if0rmity was desirable, these separate
man not only carries the risk of contributory negligence, but a still more serious risk in his helplessness to cope
with the well-organized legal forces of
large employers.   , °
The proposed code fixes a man's
earning capacity as-a new basis for
an adjudication,of,.the damages te .s
entitled to receive. It is thought that
this pla* will prevent accidents, inasmuch as the workman himself will become Interested in avoiding; riski
which may decrease his earning capacity.     On the other hnnd, if acci-
commissions a-year ago formed a joint
conference and delegated a "general
committee representing all" tha states
to draw up a satisfactory code. The
states represented are: New* York,
Massachusetts; Connecticut, New Jersey, Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Montana.. In all of these
states which have legislative' sessions
this winter, the uniform bill, will* be
presented. It is expected to receive
the endorsement, both of the workers
and of the employers.—United Mine
Workers' Journal..   ,
C.E. LYONS
L '*''''"* O *        '
' - ' i n
Insurance, Real Estate
'*",-'•       'o
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
8  Varieties,  all   No.    1
- , c K -    ** - * - -, '     y
quality, Senator, York
Imperial, Roman Beauty
Wagner, Baldwin, Mann,
Greening and Paragon,
Per Box of about 45 lbs.,
••■','•*." . $1.75: "'■■■
-■• ' < i
"fl
* -i
■ - 11
«
VOTING BY MAIL
ACCORDING to a report from Toronto- W. 1).
McPherson, M.P., will place beforo tho Ontario
lcKishituro next new-lion n proposal that commercial
travelers ho allowed to'voto hy mail.
ThiB opens up pomdhilitM's of a far reaching character, arid if put forward only on behalf of com-
mercial travelers would he atronuly oppoRod under
thc Bterotyped outcry of class IcRfamliou. To anticipate thin very likely oppcmit.on, why not includo
every legally entitled voter who wan temporarily
,      ...      i • i *i...... ». *.-,, ,*.
llllt,!'Ill  llUtlt   __■.*>   Willi   l«il.Sni»*.,.v^    »>/   ?..«,)■
41
Vj,.t
viJe^iP To xlu Di'i.s wi/iM :it:i'i'Ss'DuU.' Ihal .'juffic'l-
ent time -should elupHC between nomination day and
election day to enuble the votes from one extremity
of the province to thc other to be transmitted, or
 !... „
Thin nuRKostion very probably would.meet with
but Rcanty courtesy at the hands of those who play
thc j?ame of politics, because of thc intense lovo of
office, lest their chances of success miRht be jeo-
p/mlked by so doinjr. If the privilege of voting
be conceded to travelers why not include railway
men, in fact. «v>ry v.ilmu of Canada who complied
with the regulations as to residence, etc. Thc contention might be made that it would leave thc door
wide open (or corrupt practice. This, we acknow-
ledge it would, pwrid«l the lew was ** l<x»«ly
liberations may be of great benefit, not: only to the
miners of Alberta, but likewise tb .others ovei* the
entire continent. 7 Yet while' this-is irr'progress
another disaster may-happen and like-unprepared-
ness ensue.   -    ■ *7* -    •-■* *  -, -' "*•*■".' "   '
'■ If there were an outbreak, of "disease, aniong livestock an enquiry would   be   instituted, forthwith.
This has its parallel in the" gathering' at Bellevue.
Isolation stations would be established for the suspects, and every precaution taken-to minimize the
ravages. ■.    This has no parallel, • so far as other
mines (suspects) are concerned, hence, our advo-
cacy"for the immediate installation of rescue stations.     It may be; that the "government has this
matter under consideration arid the members thereof are alive to the.necessity'of early attention, but
as every man has his limitations, wo doubt if more
than two or three fully, realize tho gravity of the
situation and the necessity for immediate action.
Speaking -without prejudice, it cannot be expected that members of the legislative assembly whose
knowledge may be profound, of all pertaining to
their own walk of" life fully, grasp the perils incident to coal mining; although in a general way they
know it to be a liaiardous undertaking.
For their benefit we will state that for reasons
that are obvious to every mining man,although unknown ,to the average laymen that explosions are
more likely to happen.at this season of the.year
than during the summer months, hence it follows
that.! J dctlays, arc dangerous."  , ......        ■
We are actuated,solely itf rn'akihg these'obserVa-
tions by a desire so to emphasire the fact, that wc
may, hy calling attention thereto, arouse tins powers
that be to tho end .that-1;b« possibility of valuable
lives being lost because of lack of rescue apparatus
should another accident arise, will be averted,
That the theory.so. long, held*by..many mining
experts that tho cold weather, because of its influ-
once upon the coal dust, was an inportant factor in
tho cause of explosions, has now been thoroughly
demonstrated conclusively.      •
During tho year 1007 over 80 per cent of the
deaths in mine explosions in the U. R., occurred during the months of December, January and February,
Am an additional c.nrrobation we havo recent calamities, Hcllcvue, hjydnoy, N.S., Little Hulton Collieries, near Holton, besides a number of others in
the United States of smaller proportions.
Elsewhere in thcNC columns we havo reproduced
nn extrnet from an exchange relative to tho opinion oxprosHPd by the Bureau of Mines, at Wash*
ington. D.C., nnd of which we will repeat a part,*.
•'In summer thn ventilation systems aro fanning
warm, moist air into thc mines, and the damp coal
dust Kettles to tho floor and walk and will not rise
when stirred. When cold set* in the fans Mow
into the mines cold, dry »>■»"• Presently thc cold
dry air takes all moisture from thc mine. The dust
now rises at any disturbance. The dust may become
so Uiick in the air that it becomes explosive. A
henvy bli.t-tiiig ■■barge or a crosstul _cctri.\ wire
may toiv-h it off."
Explosions may occur and the cause thereol be
difficult to ascertain, but the establishment of ret-
uio stations can be provided for and should be
right away.
CITIZENS   OF    FERNIE
, ■ ■>. ■*.■-■■■. ■ . <t
Happy New Year to You
_;._ .' May December 31st, llll nark the close ot the mxo^t^tfoe-
peroue year in your, history; we firmly .belle-re it will do bo ia
ours.   Make a good start amyway.and a* f  "    y
The 41  Market Oo,
for all your requirements ia  M«ata, Flak, Sfrs, Buttar, Poultry,
Cheese, Oysters! etc.
- .l-.'y
Firnii Hime Bakery
aid Lunch Riomi
Give us a call
Luncho«ns 8*orved
evory day from0 a.m. to 11 p.m..
. Park and'Beans taturtlay
TETLEY'S TEA, a choice blend of India and
Ceylon, per 3 lb. Caddy $1.00  °
King Oscar Brand Sardines, 2 cans. 25c
..   Canadian Pack Sardines, 4 cans, 25c
Clover Leaf Red Salmon, 2 cans, 35c
"   •■ -        v , '-  / , t •
Heinz, Sweet,Mixed Pickles,   per bottle, ,45c
Heinz Tomato Chutney, per bottle   35c
■    *       7  . *' '. '      *     '•'   *' .'■-.■       -c '   ;   • , •
0
The ^Tt^e^-Wj^; Co.
• ""7/ 'Vr '^'''"iLt^nUedX^-iy-ry^^---^-
•hip & Mackenzie
Storo Phono 123 Houro l'hon* ISO
The' •■'-".,
i* ■
i
Stono
You -
■'  ■   * j
* ■' ■' .' *_'
About
See Window
We have them for
overy purpose
There Is one here
for our patrons' uso
Bring us your knife
and our Mr. Oxioy
w!H *h*armAn |t whll*
you wait
J. D. QUAIL
Ferule
Dry   Cord-wood .'at, $8.00
Kick, ti.O.D.
per
Howe Atul Cutter for hire
nnAYixo mourn
Apply. Wu. Dickek, Phone 10
,,",F,ern.lc,.B.C,      .'
STOVES! STOVES!
AEKiffhts,  Ceal  Burners, Coal
r  or Wood Burners, and ■
Wood Burners
Ranees and Cook Stoves
a. M.  AGNEW A CO., ELKO
V
jiiuv vinvuut invlUfcU»na    Wa have the
hash, MavU», 'owmI xyrioee, aad da heal
'-. iipUs ta ikda otfUxe.
IF   YOU   WANT
a Shttfe, a Game of Pool or Billiards
,   J ,       ;     * a. . v.;
, / or a Cupjof Coffee •■':•; ""
>  i   tm   ii mm., 1.1.— tm in fn ■- il " y    ■■    ',"l",l"i77".*Tr,ar.r_j'"™" f    "" '  'T **_""_T   ii     i       ■'■'-"-'   'Ji'mTT
Drop in at Ingram's
•vnu-i
'iftr'-";
,i;f.
Full Stockpf.SmplccrVGoofls.Always on Hand
VICTORIA; AVENUE   v:'_;£.:■ FERNIE;" BK C.
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and ho «ay« that ovory dosimbto pioco of roal estato that is either to lot or for Bale iH
..  .    i ,   .    ,   .    .i,.i.     ..,.1 ,..„ l.nitni'/. l.A !r* «j»-J«V»*i*      Onr
Real Estate Opportunities
for thc small invoHtor arc many. If you havo savotl a fow dollara wc can load you to
a proporty that will offer you an oxcoptional investment. Givo us an idea of what
you may want and wo will hunt something up lor you.
M. A. KASTNER
A* Beck Block Insurance and Real Estate
; fMw»tvmy'iT*fm*f¥y*i'^*^^
Fernie, B. C.
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COAL  CREEK   BY   174.
U.
*\S
•» i
a
♦ _•>' ♦ ♦♦*,♦*.♦ .♦'•<►♦ ♦.♦
-~' Thomas Duncan,'' formerly "tire'"* boss
up feere, but now proprietor of the*
Passburg Hotel, was -a visitor, last
-week-end.- . . 7 . -, .,.,■ .
' Barney Caulfield had" tiie misfortune1
to injure one of'his,.feet by getting
caught by one°o£. the air dinkeys. It
is believed that no bones are broken,
although quite severely crushed. K
.. Frank .Welsh and Arthur'   "Warren
, blew in' last; Saturday from the .East,
,' since which it has snowed without
stop-ping,   and   Little  wonder.
On Wednesday, Jan: 4th, the infant
daughter- of'Mr. and Mrs. Wm.,, Wes-
nedge succumbed to aii attack of convulsions. Both parents were so ill
at the time that neither were able
to attend the funeral.; Mrs. Wesnedqe
has not fully recovered, and \VIlliai_."
is unable to work an account of a severe attack of quinsey..
■William Winter and" lames" Forbes
have severed their connection with the
, Trites Wood°Co. Jack-Hewitt is now
employed as warehouseman at the
big store.
" A miner named Potter residing in
West Fernie, had the misfortune. to
suffer.a simple fracture bf the left
leg while at work in No. 2 mine last
Thursday moriing, amd was conveyed
by special ti;ain to Fernie. „ He is now
an inmate of the,; hospital.,,,
, If "a nicht wi' Burns" does ' not
not turn out to be one of the pleasant-
est gatherings that has ever been held
in* the Creek, the fault,will.most as-,
suredly not be laid at the door of
those who have this notable Scottish
©vent in hand, as the management assures one and all that a royal good
time will be provided.-- Music of the
best and a floor that cannot bejsur-
passed. should tempt a . large crowd
of dancers both male and female to
embrace the opportunity. A bounteous supper will be provided, so all
' that it needs is the presence of a crowd
—so come all you trippers of the airy
fantastic and join in the party.     Re-
* member the night, January 25th.-
The sound of axe and'saw are heard
swishing lustily up the ravine where a
gang of bushmen are at .work getting
, out' poles for telephones    and    tele
graphs.   *-,,...■ "    ,
Coal Creek, has been sharing the lot
, of the sister communities .during the
week of being entirely clutched by the
Ice King, whose-breath in the-shape
of _8now blown hither arid'., thither has
, fo__med_,som_eJoyely_andifanta8ticT.spe--
"., cimens of wintry.architecture.- '-There
are mountains and valleys'galore^.but
oh,..my! the walking has been'practically out of the question, and instead
floundering, groping, stumbling about
the only way to effect locomotion."*''
There are places where the drifts
nre six'and seven feetfhlgh. and1 the
- government road rendered" absolutely
impassable for ^slei^hs. The engine
ond show plow' have been'' Wept^hard
at bucking the snow, off the, track,' 7
Several casesof frost bites have-happened, but fortunately vigorous .rub-
blng>Ilh snow broughtthe blood back
Into "'circulation, much to the discomfiture^ of tho victims, but still far bet-
v ter -U|tnn having to submit 'to the sur-1
geon|s knife,
Only a few. availed themselves of
. tho special which wns run up here last
Sunday on account "of- tbo' vory stormy
weather. Tho result of tho meeting
was' tbat Secretary Kees was appointed to,attend as delegato to the International ConVoii.l6h-.it Columbus,
Ohio. Tom Uphill Is acting secretary
during his absence.
It is reported that collections will be
"made on behalf of the Bellevue Relief Fund, and- also a benefit enter-
talnin*nt-.,is to be _. ven'ln the Mlneri'
Opera Houee or Suiday.   ,.
The nyrapathj* of the entire camp,
-wbo so fully reallie the perils of cotl
minicf, roes out to the maiy wh(s
bare lost loved oim In the fearful tat.
ttstrpphe at Little Hulton Colliery, neap
Bofton, Lanes, We.bellere that the
natives of Laicashlre resident . herf
purpose retting up a concert *,* well ae
opening^up'a'subscription for the purpose, bf ^gathering funds to send back
to the unfortunates.' . . ■ '-. ,-
"They, who live in glass houses should
not throw'stones." V He who attends
properly to his own busineis does "not
have" time to-look after that of others.
There is* talk'of a Buttinski |Club', being started and we have "already, selected the man- wbo would make a
champion president..     --,',„■•
CLOTHING  AT $5.75 A SUIT
Convict
Labor  Turns  Out Garments
Cheaply      ,
OLYMPIA--Cohvict labor in , the
state penitentiary tailor shop saved
$35,000 in what it would hnve cost to
employ free labor to do the Mime work
according to a report made.by Superintendent Reed to the state bonrd of
control for. the two years ended September 30 last.'
The convicts took the plnces of two
cutters, four coat makers, (our pants
mnkei-, eight general tailors and five
repair men.. The report give details
of the clothing manufactured and of
the many thousands of articles repaired. The tsate law requires that discharged coavIct8 be furnished with a
good suit of clothes, .flu-dag cloth
direct from the mills and fittings,
thread aad the like from tailor* supply,, houses, all for cash, the state hae
been able to get the material-at very
low prices, eo that it has been possible, for instance, for the convict
tailors to make 423 suits for limates of
the insane asylum at $5.75 a suit. .' ,
. For discharged convicts woolen coats
were turned out at a cost of $2.15
each, ■ pants'* at, $1.65, and . shirts at
$1.25. Caps cost 12. cents each, cotton coats'* cost 55'cents, jumpers 70
cents, overalls .'50 cents and'summer
shirts 40 cents. Of these latter two,
270 were manufactured and all the
other articles were in proportionate
quantity.' '■'",.        -   *
Ed.—That thes'breakers of-the law
should be employed in useful labor in
preference! to idleness is,' of course,
highly commendable, becauso by so doing they intensify the competition among "free" laborers, .whereby the latter are compelled to sell their perishable commodity, "labor"power," very
sheap in order that the., purchasers
thereof may obtain prof'.*, therefrom.
The next scene on. the indnsl-lal stage
js a strike,'_he police'anncl thugs are
then brought into requisition, _ .\ket-
ing is .declared -Illegal,.:and-infractions
made punish'able; the culprits are cont
_t_LKaoj^h_^<4jhe£i^an__plyJheir__.trade.
and produce cheap clothing,,7 -7 *
- Tniis; tfte. vicious, circleijs squared..
Various reforms are suggested; windy
articles on the "Labor unrest" printed and all 'sorts of remedies advocated; but* atl to no avail.■ .The game
goes on apace. The signa of the
breaKdtfwh'-"of capltalism'tnultiply,"-but
ostrlclT like the great mass refuse to
credit It, and delude, themselves that
these bonditions aro only.transitory...
and distribute without serious hardship; sufficient food and clothing and
provide comfortable* homes' for all.*
Noi one will, seriously dispute, this. -
Why does poverty eidst in the face
of this fact?
It is because the methods for the
distribution of*1 wealth are individualistic, while the methods of production
are co-operative. We produce collectively, weown individually.' Industry
and'commerce aie,magnificently organized. Laborers3are" trained and
drilled to the highest efficiency.
Tliere Is thorough system everywhere, so that, in spite of the enormous waste due to competition, duplication, excess of local' production,
wealth * is piled up mountain high.
There'has been no lack of the necessities and comfort of life in the civilised world for a century.
In the face of all this there is hunger, nakedness and homelessness, because the products of labor do not go
to the people who make tbem and to
those who depend upon t'uem, but go,
ln large measure to those'who owm the
means of production. Production is
collective:   dlstributioa  capitalistic.
Poverty is a social disease, arising
not from the lack of wealth,- aor from
the inability to produce an abundance
at all times and for all purposes, but
from, a wrong,- false social system
which, divides, mankind into owners
and employers, and propertyless employees.
* It is impossible for the propertyless
working. class to escape'poverty as a
class. Occasionally an individual, by
some accident, may get into the owning class, but it will be a rare exception.
The social disease poverty can only
be, cured by abolishing class distinction along material lines; by making
the distribution of wealth collective,
even as,, the production of it is collective. "       7 "'   0
Mankind, having 7 conquered the
forces of nature, is addressing itself
to the remodeling of society upon the
theory that there is plenty for all, and
to spare, and that.all,men are brothers—and that is Socialism.7-
BELLEVUE
7  PP
(Continued from page 1)
"THE BRITISH.NEWS,OF CANADA"
••", POVERTY VA SOCIAL. DI8EA8E,
Primitive man was weak nnd helpless.-,": • .Nature •_ confronted hlm as a
hostile force. Wild beasts, hunted
him by day. and pounced upon him ln
tho dark of night. Hunger and cold
gnawed lilm,!'1"** Want, and fear were
bis ever-present companions,' Driven
by the', Instinct of.'.Bolf-protoction he
lived* in hordes, hunted In hordeB,
fought In hordes,,and worked his primitive fields in hordes.
* Kropotkin dates "the rlmjof ilian
from the timo that he discovered and
becamft conscious of lhe advantage 61
co-operative, collective effort,* Before
that he contended with, othtr animals
upon the same terms' for existence;
hut-when there dawned In Ms mind
the feellBR of brotherhood and the re-
allutlon of the advantage of co-
eperatloi humanity was. bom,, From
that far off event, hlddea by the mists 1
of Bgtes,, man bee steadily advanced
towards the conquest of thi Mirth.
To-day, for the.first tlmi In history
le he master* of the forces of nature,
to.such at extent that he,cat produce
The noble, army of news dispensers
will have a recruit bearing., the signi-
.ficant_IUe-of-theJheadIlne,-on~the-21flt.
Inst.    * V   *7
'•' The editor," -Arthur -Hawkes, should
b'e well equipped for the arduous duties
of ,''<"opy" manufacturer having had
long; ;ex*gerience._asw. a jpuniallst..... in
Cottonopolis,-and also* close-"-association with poor-law questions I nthe-'Op
country. We hope that he may find
no affinity between these .two .fields of
labor in Canada button .he contrary,
a plentltude of "subs." and "ads" will
enable him to.avoid;.the.."boneyard."
' If the publication*fulfils■ the purpose
of Its.existence as .per..promise, viz,,
to tell the truth without, reserve, then
it will fill a.long felt,want, as the
great.majority of intelligence purveyors have some especial axe to grind;
and while-they may not publish'deliberate falsehoods, do quite frequently
handle the,truth tn a.very.qarolesu
manner. Information showing the
bright side of the picture. meets with
commendation, but coiirago Is necessary If the opposite Is to be presented
as those whoso "materim Interests aro
affected will cry out aloud -.Knocker!"
"Wet Blnnketter!"."Calamity Howler!'
lind sundry other pet names. <
-. The fact that poverty Is not bo noticeable in Canada ao In' England
strikes' the e'ew-comer■', forcibly, but
only superficially, as a rule, otherwise
the question would present Itself:
Why is it, despite 10 many natural disadvantages to cope with, we find conditions* so much.better tham In laads
thet boast eo much ot civilisation,
hnd the benefits thereof?
, Verbum sat nko,
ment  would   be,  doctor,   for  carbon
monoxide polsoninn?
A. "The treatment follows tho lines
of artificial respiration, the pulling forward of the tongue, the application
of external heat, and the use of stimulants. ,
, Q. And where the blood is' actually
posioned by carbon monoxide, would
that do any good, or is any other
drastic treatment required?
; A. The Installation of oxygen, aad
the direct transfusion of the blood
has been employed. ' .
Q. After the,blood is actually po-,
isbned with the carbon monoxide would
oxygen be'any'good then?  .
A. . Not if the doses were sufficleat.
Q; Did you Bee any other bodies,
doctor?
A. I waited until 11 o'clock^ three
were brought.out of, the mine-about
that time. They were at the bottora
of a mine car, and wraped up ia brattice cloth'. . .: .
, . Questioned by Mr. Mackie.
Q. . I understand there is only ose
possible way of ascertaining whether
a person has died from carboa monoxide or other gases and that is testing the blood, is that right? * ,-.'
A. Of course/that would * be' the
scientific point of view, and wpuld be
the most positive.   7
Q. That is really the only way you
can be positive?, •  -
A., It,would be positive, of course,
from what I saw' of these men.
Q." You are only going by appearance?   * -.--■., 7'.'
■ A.   Yes. '. * 7- y,y      \    ."'"-"
Q.   Is it not a fact that authorities
say there is a large similarity between, the appearance of a.person who
has died by carbon monoxide or car-
boa dioxide? .77
■ -A. I have' never read of the ap-.
pearance as being-similar.
9: In the bodies that you saw did
you,notice any blisters, on the skin?
Q.   You say the appearance was one
I
li'
\,\
\v»
THE
High   Cl
ass
TEPEE
Boarding   House
FIFTY ROOMS-COMFQRTABLE,
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
R. FAIRCLOUGH, Proprietor
COAL CREEK. B. C,
THK tEUBVUR . UN-B
In consequence of the Sire necessity of many who wore deprived ot
their bread*wlnners on the fatal Oth
of December, an earnest appeal Is
hereby Issued .-to ..the general public
to make whatever donations they can
to the fund for tbe benefit of tho
many.wldows nnd orphans of tho Delle-
vue Mine disaster, .
* Every enro Is being taken to make
the amounts recolved go as far ns
possible In the distribution of tho
moneys already received.
We mny sny Incidentally that the
fellow workers of thos minors nre not
In receipt'of any words nnd consequently not In a position to render
the asnlstnce they would If they were
nt work, and at tho presont writing
the mine* are still closed.
NOTICE TO MINEWORKBR8
•   _
All men nrn riviuestetl tn utav awav
rrom the mine* of tbe Consolidated
Coal -/Ai-up-an*. aad Keck fcpr_ni.» boot-
lonn Poal Company, located five miles
from Taber, for tbo following reasons:
1st. The ralnoworkers nre working
under non-union conditions and wages,
TbU. -CsJ-J..     ]ttt__-CA    IvV.li.uL.k'.ioii    Act
of Alberta Is being openly violated by
these companies,
.Ird. Tbo workmen employed at
>heoe mines receive no compensation
whoxx inlured n* tbey should do ac-
rnrdlng to th*? Workmen'e Compens-v
<*ton Act of Alberta.
Uh. You are retucstcd to stay from
.'»"•• milieu until Hid tut-ii llim-oli-i are
'•rimnlred snd working for a living
< ore md sn •r-ree-ment made with the
"   m. W. of A.
"Xv rc--r.ii.Mt of
mffrnicT 1*. v. id. w. of a.
that*- would suggest to you that they
were more beautiful,..-prettier, handsomer than if they were going into
the mine to work? >-.■■-.. .
J..A.. ..Yes^T.*. „ .■_J,-.*JB* •--—■-~>-V-*■*■'•
,- Q. Would it-be accompanied bya
pallor?. * Wou,ld they.be pale or have
a reddish complexion?
A.   The general term is cherry red
color.    Tor me it was-a. bright pink.
■ Q. I have here a cut; doctor.- Did
they-resemble'this? '.' i.i ■'     '
' A, Well, it Is a fair idea, and gives
a fair representation. The coloring
is hot good; it is too vivid.
Mr. Campbell: That is the picture
of a' man falling out of bed.
1 Mr. Mackie: * The only consequences
of falling out of ..bed. nre the bruises
on.the face. '., , ..-.!^*
. Dr. Malcolmson: .Well, tho coloring is not good.■',-■,fc-J-M' ■'•,-■
Mr. Mackie;   You are possibly familiar with this text book.
A.   I have a copy.   *'
■ Q. And iyou say this picture is nn
exaggerated one of a person whohaB
died of carbon monoxide?
A, I.would cnll It an exaggerated
one. Of courBo, It would be very
.difficult to, get a-proper coloring ln
any text,book..,.,„..._.. .««.. '■'
• Q. How were these bodies; were
they much more nnaemtc than this
would suggest?
; A, They were not anaemic et all
lis 'appearance.
Q. - Then whnt amount of coloring ae
compared with this cut?
A. You havo seen a was representation, or a lay figure? . , . ■
,} Q. I have seen wax figures, doctor,
where they were colored to the etne
extent that some of the fair sex color
themselves. Now how did these
bodies appear; did they hare the color
6f 'a person using rouge, or"Wsre they
■aoi quite so highly colored an that?
A. They were not no highly colored as a person using rouge; but 1
would not call It an exonerated appear*,
once of life. It Is a difficult matter
to describe 'the coloring. Colors appear different to ono person than 10
another,..
Q. And you mado no examination
of any of tho'organs? There was no
post-mortem examination of nny one?
A.   Not by me, . -i  '*- ■'
Q. And the point thnt I have shown
to you In this book Is not a cherry
red color?
A.   No,
Q, In this samo -authority, Peterson and Ilnln-M "Modlclne nnd Toxicology,' volumo 2, pngo 647, It says;
"Carbon monoxldo post-mortem appearances, and thono of death from
asphyxia: Sometimes tho face Is livid
nnd swollen, nnd the fentur^s distorted,
but not Infrequently they are pale snd
plaaid, Tho position of tho body Indicates thnt the portion linn died with*
out n Ntrugglo." Now, you nnld a
minute ajio that from the appearance
nf th* ..Ml/in -»h«t ynn in***"-', iXxo.j \*?A
died without a strugglo, without'pain;
thei 'noto vUcld looking, uomo had
smiles on thoir fares; ond you did
not seo any blisters or abrasions on
the bodies. Is It not posslblo thon,
'f thlH authority Is correct, that these
mon should have dlod of puro stiffo-
.._,*»...  •,....   ... i .,   11 ,.'•_,r
*_«*,.,«,_._.      ,»-.M     Wti.«WMM     t*.-/.._^.l_, .
A.. Do you mean the persons that
I saw? ■
Q. It says, doctor, "s,ometlmes they
may be distorted, livid and swollen,"
It goes,on and says, "Not Infrequently they are pnle and placid." Now,
does not that correspond to the den-
rrlpffon of the hodles that you Rive?
A. No; I think I said that I had
seen death In a groat many formu1,
but never In this form before,
Q. Now, ! can understand that.
Hut her* le a case that l> not In tbe
ordinary course of your practice, and
you nay that;It is caused*.by cfcrfctin*
monoxide poisoning. Now. I aay
they had died from carbon dloifde.
that - this authority tells me that, if
they may not unfrequen'tly be* pale
and. placid; .consequently, they would
have the appearance,, not of struggling;, not of having' suffered, if they
had died even by carbon dioxide. Now
I want to know from you how you distinguish. It is a very important point,
which may not be seized immediately,
though it will be'before the, examination is completed. How can you arrive at any definite conclusion if the
appearance of death is the same with
carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide?
A. The statement you make there
is not contrary to mine, Mr. Mackie.
Q. It is possible it is*not; that the
body of a, person who has died of
either of these gases to have, the same
appearance, with the exception of the
cherry red color?    *
A.   Yes.   ' ,   '.
Q. There is one important distinction, as far as appearance is concerned, that is, a distinction.of color, in
the case of, monoxide cherry red, and
ia the case of monoxide tbey would
not have that, It would be a darker
hue?
A.   Yes.      ■
Q. Then, in other respects, it is
possible that im the bodies of say two
persons, one who had died from carbon
monoxide, and one from carboa dioxide
the appearance in other respects would
be similar im other respects?
A. Not necessarily; but it ie likely
tbey would be.     .
Q. So that is the only thing you
base your evidence om at the present
moment is thc fact that, these bodies
presented to, you a cherry red color,
which is one of the. peculiar colors
that would be met with in the body
of a person who died from carbom monoxide?
A.   Yea
Q. But apart from,.that you are
not prepared to swear that they did not
meet their deaths from the inhaling
of  other noxious gases?
A.- No.     *    -■ '
Q. Arid the cut which I have shown
to.you In'the same authority, page (.57,
you say it is somewhat exaggerated in
color?
A. It is very- "difficult to get a
representation.
p. The body of the man who had
sustained this scalp -wound, you say his
body was practically of the same color
as the other bodies that did not have
any wounds at all?
- A. Yes; he was lying alongside the
other, men, and there was no difference.' -   -   7 ,,
Q.'. And tht wound Was a serious
on**)?
A.   Yes.
Q. Could he possibly have lived
amy length of time after receiving such
an injury? .' ■■•:_..
. A. Could he have lived any time?
I thinkdeath would be practically instantaneous.  -*
* Q.   Then how do you account for the
*c75ioT~of"the~body?"^      -        "
A. - Well/ as I said before, Mr. Mackie,  I don't, go' on the color of the
■A.... Yes. You understand, the face
is,very plentifully supplied with blood,
and conseguently 'that is She place
where you' will see the coloring most
distinctly. Unless a man absorbed
th'e gas until the blood was absolutely
saturated. I don't think a man could
make-a diagnosis in that., I cannot
tell positively about this man; I didn't
make a proper examination.,
Q. The main point is this. If the
injury was such that it would result
in instantaneous death, then there is a
possibility that the body, might have
absorbed a certain amount of the
carbon monoxide, which created that
appearance, and if so would it be, possible with, the, other men who had
also died from noxious gases, and
had also absorbed this color which indicates monoxide poisoning. ' What
about that?
A. 1 cannot find any statement
made that carbon monoxide can be absorbed through the body? I. believe
the statement bas been made but never
substaatiated.
Q. Nothing defialte/ ascertained
about that?
A. There has beeu.. a statement
made, I think; some slight mention,
but I don't think It possible.
Q. I have a faimt recollectioa of
some such statement' beimg made.    .
A. I think you will find there haa
been a statement made, but it has
never been eubstantiated.
. (To be continued next week)
Coleman
Hotel
Wm. Murr
Prop.
T. W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
SlIfiMfi,
The Jeweler—That's All
Right on the corner
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE, B.C;
-'First'Class Accommodation for Travellers
77; „     'MR6_ 8. JENNING6, PROPRIETRESS
Hot and Celd Water L._A. Mills, Manager
bodies, but om the face.
Q.   Principally.on.the face?
JONES
T_»>OP*CLAR BAKBH
WnOLKSALB ABB  RKTAIl_
DBALBa
Special arrangements for
Partlee,   etc
Oiitr rent ChrUtmaft pake -emttj
Apply   for   Price   List
Dread and Cakes shipped on the
Local for Eastern Camps
I am agent for
"Tki Mil of JUtorti"
A Flour of which one
trial ie all that is needed
to pro-re its Wrth.
Try "CRKMO" a break-
£»gt food that \n a food
W. a Warn
,   OmmmtaI Morchant
lillertst    -    Alta.
STORES
New Michel
& Blairmore
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS' HALL
Fernie's Favorite Theatre
SUNDAY, JAM.  15th
Big Benefit for
C_f %J +/
Bellevue Relief Fund
A   GCOZS   r__GGI.Ar_   ASSURKE**
Coming-Friday and Saturday, Jan, 20 & 21st
i
Cowboy Championships
Do Kot Fail to See This
Usual Prices m
*_    **,-.,. _-i. ,„,.,   ., -^     (,. _».,. •      . .. j        v*\ . ;\*^,*-_i^-s*
i -   X     ' '  *--     t   *■- -       .        '      i
_   I ,      -
-. ■ . a .>-.*.
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT,LEDGER, PERNIE, B. 0., JANUARY 14, 1911
- ■*-'   * *, . ■
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Good ventilation  is not  merely  a
- legally recognized necessity for ■ the
„ preservation of health, but. has an important economic aspect in its effect
■   on the industrial   efficiency of     the
- workmen and the cost of mineral production. *•*
>■>       .
The necessity for .ventilation in me-,
talliferous mines arises" mainly from
the injury'"to health caused by the
presence in the mine air of fine dust
of the poisonous gases produced in
blasting, and of human emanations,
respiratory  and other.   '.-'.
^ -     -O. . -_f* oo O    .        _--
The  ventilation  of mines-may be
-(a)' ijatural, and (b) artificial or   mechanical; nat'iiral ventilation depends
' upon (1) the difference in temperature
and  humidity,  and  consequently'   in
weight, between the air in and out
of the, mine.'(2) the absolute humidity of the outside air;   and  (3)  the
difference of level between the mouths
of the connected shafts; natural ventilation has  the  advantage of being
inexpensive, but is subject to the following drawbacks;  viz.,  <1)  the amount of air supplied depends upon conditions  beyond  control and  indepen-
dent'pfthe varying mlno requirements
and hygienic necessities:   (2)  as the
, temperature and humidity of- tho outside  air approximate to  that  of the
mine air, the ventilating current diminishes nnd mjiy completely disappear,
(3) the direction of the afr curront is
variable.
Natural ventilation is supplemented
■ on the Witwatersrand by the exhaust
air.from machine drills;   this supply
-  is of great local .importance as it is
delivered  at  the  working  place,  but
the amount only constitutes a fraction
'   of what is ' required  for  the  proper
ventilation of a mine, and its benefi-
°    cial' effects do not extend for moro
.„ than  100,, feet  from,, the  face;. some
miners   are   prejudiced   against   compressor  air,. though there is  no evidence that it is injurious to health;
it stirs up  from the sides and floor
of the working placo the dust which
is the principal cause of miners' phthisis,   and   occasionally*, contains   some
of the poisonous gas CO derived- from
the accidental combustion .of the oil
used for lubrication.
*   Judged by the relative frequency of
gassing accidents, natural ventilation
,    is on  the whole not so effective on
the Witwatersrand as on some other
fields,  tills  inefficienoy  being  probably due to (L) the very -.slow rise of
the' rock temperature as depth- increa.
. ses; ' (2)   the   high   temperature   and
humidity  of  the  outside  air   at  certain   seasons;- (3)   the'  great   extent
of the underground workings and large
.number of men' at work;- and- (4) .the
* large   consumption   pf   explosives   in
-lasting, and' consequent production of
great quantities of poisonous gases. ..
Artificial or mechanical ventilation
direct natural air-currents * usually
merely retard them, and "the quality
standard Is better adapted as a general indication to mine inspectors than
as a basis' for legislation.
The object of a quality standard is
to fix the permissible amount of air
vitiation, and for this' purpose the
quantity of carbon dioxide present' is
accepted as bearing a roughly constant proportion to the amount of impurity present.
Our knowledge of the exact nature
of0such impurity is incomplete; there
is.no reliable evidence to support the
former belief that during respiration
the lungs exhale a volatile organic
poison; the immediate ill-effects, headache, general discomfort, etc., of bad
ventilation, are probably the result of
the oppressive smell which arisos from
the breath, bodies and clothes of those
present, and is caused by very minute
quantities of volatile substances present in the air. \   '     '.' -
According toPettenkoffer (185S), Ur
J. S. Haldane, P.R.S., and other modern observers, this smell becomes distinctly perceptible when tho' carbon
dioxide C02 in the. air"'exceeds 10
volumes per _0",000. but in 1875, De
Chaumont recognized it in barrack
rooms' when the C02 reached 6 volumes per 10,000. • ,   ■<
Continued subjection to bad ventilation means increased liability to disease, and especially to'Infection produced by organisms' present in tho
mouth and air passages, and conveyed
directly through the air from person
to person.
Dr. Haldane, F. R. S., who has closely investigated the subject" and is the
foremost British    authority ■   thereon,
considers that tho worst consequences
of   a   defective  air  supply  are  "the
evil effects produced by inhaling poisonous or infective dust,";  he doubts
that "constant exposure to volatile respiratory  impurities- has  by   itself  a
very great influence on health." and
.agrees   that  carbon' dioxide  is  "the
best objective", criterion of,the sufficiency of ventilation."     ;'
. In mines, the highly poisonous gases,
carbon monoxide CO, and-nitric oxide
N02, are-also'present, the result of
the detonation or of the burning of
explosives;  in dead ends, arid immediately-after-blasting,  the  ratio    pf
C02*.tq'CO in the gases produced, by-
explosives in local use averages 1 to
12, and therefore C02 serves in some
degree  as  an  index  of  this  danger
(presence of CO.)    ~      " .     ..•*•■*
Carbon  dioxide,  unaccompanied  by
any injurious substances, is in itself
inoccuoiis  in  quantities  under  1. per
cent.    'Of this nature are the normal
atmospheric C02,' amounting to *4 volumes in 10,000 of air, the C02 produced by open lights' and by the action of
acids  or  carbonates. .'    '.,*
wm
wa
"~is~effec_ed~b~y means~of~eitlTe_ _(a)"the"
extractive force of a furnace at the
bottom of the-upcast shaft; or (b).
fans—usually exhaust fans—at the top*
of the upcast shaft; at the East Rand
Proprietary and Cinderel.a Deep Mines
■ the total running cost of an extremely-
effective installation is under Id. per
ton milled. <:
Tho degree of ventilation in a mine
' may be measured either by (a) a
- quantity standard, that Is the quantity
of pure air entering the mine per minute; or by (b) a quality standard,
this being a determination, of "the amount of impurity present; tho existing Transvaal law provides for a quantity standard of 70 cubic feet per man
per minute, also for tho splitting of
the current and'distribution of the air
over tho working faces; tho application of this standard is opon,to vory
serious practical difficulties; tho pro-
-vision ns to distribution Is not on-
forced, probably becauso attempts to
"Tlie"
What Are
\OV Worth
From the
NECK,
UP?
_(Vl*
It iHcutlmn.i'il Hint
the nvorniro mnn li
■worth $2 n ilny from
llio neck (ton'*.-whnt
li lia worth (rom tlie
neck upt
Thnt depend* entirely upon trnlnlmj*.
K you nro trriliii.-'l so
tlmt you nlnn nnd
direct worlc you ani
worth ten times in
much nt llio mnn
wlio can work only
undor onltirn,
Tlio l-iliimtlonil
CiiiMti__di_c_ School•
l_ototl-<i mnn whol*
ntr.-i__.lln_. alanir on
small liny anil iny to
hlm. ''-tVo will trnln
you (or promotion
right where ynu nrn,
or we will r.unll.y
you to tako un a
mora conu'Wilnl lino
ot work at n much
hleliiT unlnrv."
ICvary month itiv.
ernl hnn droit •*.*.•
denti voluntarily
roport a1lvnn1.01m.nt
ft-. t!ic iVr.*> •  !-■' '■**.
of I, CN, trnlnlmr,
YmniiTil ni*,. li-nv-f
your pro-ient woik,
or your own liamr.
Mirklhii coupon it
out*-. «nd_n_.u!t,
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difficulty" in fixing* a quality
standard lies , in the 'impossibility of
distinguishing between the" noxious
and innocuous C02 when both are present together.
On the Witwatersrand the only innocuous C02 known to exist in appreciable quantities is the , normal atmospheric C02, and that produced \-N
open lights. - . *    „ .
Exhaustive inquiries' made by the
Mines Department show that a considerable body of carbonates which
could give rise to C02 by the action
of acid water, is present ln the workings of one mino only, the remainder.;
having either no carbonates at all, or'
only Inappreciable quantities in the
shape of flakes i fault planes, or as'
an occasional stringer adjoining a*
dike; in view of the mlnuto percentage
of acid, In mine water, thore would
generally bo In theso places a suffl-'
ciont excoss of water to hold insolu-:
tion tho- C02, genoratod, and as tho
mine air Js nearly saturated with moisture,' it is improbable that any dis-
solvod C02 would subsequently be released by evaporation.
In the Lyndenburg and othor districts, nnd In baso motal minos,
mnssos of cnr]_onatos, occasionally
oxlst ln proximity to very pyrltlc reefs,
and a considerable amount of Innoctw
ous C02 may bo locally producod,'
It was suggested to us that additional quantities of CQ2 might bo producod from tlio tollowlnk sources ;■ viz.
(1) "ground".'gns containod ln rock
cnvltlos, or occludod lh quarts*, pebblos
In tho blanket nnd in tlio grains, of
quartzitof (2) from tlio oxidation df
food and timber, ovaporatlon of stagnant wator, nnd decomposition of animal waste.
Wo find tlmt cnvltlos containing
C02 nro practically,.unknown in tlio
WiUvfttorsrand motnlllforotifl mlnos;
thnt tlio occludod gasos would not ho
liberated undor tlio conditions ot underground,.work, .and.nro i'n any caso
noxious, containing a lnrgo porcontngo -of tho polHonoim CO; that tlio"
oxidation of tlmbor and food would
produco qunntllloH of -COS lon small
to affocl. any Hlandard of vitiation.
nnd llinl, tho gnsos from stngnnnt
wnlor and animal wnsto nro Innppi'fl-
clttblo nnd offoiiHlvo or noxious In
olinrnctor.
Cnre^ul experiment wns made at tlio
T.nnRlnngto Doon Mlno, under the mip*
orvlslon of tho MIiioh Dopnrlmoiit, to
nscortnln whothor any production oi
"ground" C02 could bo In far rod ont or-
Ing nnd leaving tho mlno; tlio. possibilities of error In tho ntiftumntlon
upon which tho ostlmnlfiH woro bnna _'
it|>p->iir ho caimiiluinliii., find tno result
'.'ile iib I f.J on illttui'i-iil iMuuil>lloiin t,o
wldoly discordant, tlmt wo regard Mio
various T.niiKlaaklo Doop roBUlts as In-
connltiRlvn, and In this vlow wo nro
supported by tbo Govornmont MlnlnR
Kimlnoor,
In tlio nbi'onco of nny thooroticnl
sourcn of any npproclablo ■ qunntlty
of "grnund" C02 In tlio Wltwntor«rnnd
motnlllforoiifl mlnos, *wo consider tlmt
prnrllrnlly tlio wholo of tho noxjoiiH
C02 la duo to respiration and explosives, Including fiiRCfi, otc, nnd that
tlm imiwuouH C02 Is dorlvfil from tho
atmoRpboro nnd opon llithtH only.
Tin* llintls for noxtmiH ('02 )ni>\iu\iri-
ly roonnimrntloil or omlmd/ed In U-utls.
latlon nro or followfl.
-fn)   l-'lvo volumoH por  10.000, by
This was legalized., under the Cotton
Cloth Factory Act, and also in the Factory and-Workshops Act; 1901.-',
(b) Eight volumes'per 10,000by
Haldane's Committee (1902) on Ventilation of Factories and Workshops.
This standard, now regulates all factories, including humidified, in the
United  Kingdom. *   . * * *   <•
,(c) Eight volumes per 10,000 by
West Australian Mines Regulations'
Act. • '•>     '
(d) Eight volumes per 10,000, by
Victoria .Mines' Act, 1907.
Because. we cannot' definitely state
that there is no material quantity of
"ground"  C02  in  the mines  of the
Rand, though we believe that the actual'amount,-if any, is small, we propose that a working allowance of * 5
parts in 10,000 bo made fpr it, and
for. C02   from  other  uncertain   possible sources, with the sole object of
fixing a standard which is practicable
from the administrative point of view,
and which "will enlist the voluntary
co-operation of the mines in its enforcement; and, in view of our recommendation   (see below)  as to a; CO
limit,  and as to  sectional and  local
ventilation, the prevention of dust and
fumes, the,total limit of 20 parts of
C02   per   10,000  is   well   within  thq.
limits   of  safety, ' is  reasonable   and
easily obtainable, and should be enforced'.
Wo therefore recommend as follows
(seo Draft Regulations 56-63):
General   Ventilation   .
, (a) - That the legal maximum for
noxious C02 permissible- mines in the
Transvaal be fixed at 8.parts by volume in 10,000 of air.
(b) That an amount of 4 parts of
C02 by volume in 10,000 of air shall
be allowed in- addition' to the aforesaid maximum asvrepresenting innocuous C02 normally present in the
atmosphere. ■ '.
(c) That where candles or similar
illuminants are in-use, further addition of 3 parts C02 by volume in 10,-
000 of air should be allowed as representing innocuous C02 resulting from
the  combustion of such  illuminants.
(d) ., That in order to meet, from
the point of view of practical administration, difficulties in regard to possible innocuous C02 from "country
rock" and othei-'uncertain sources in
the mines of the Rand, a further allowance of 5 parts per 10,000 be made,
making a total limit of 20 parts of
C02,per 10,000 of air.
(e) That in the Lydenburg and other districts where there is geologically strong presumptive evidence, cf a
production of,ground C02, early investigation be undertaken by the government, and that a proper and * reasbn-
able allowance be made, therefor, the
"total-amount-in-tne-mine^air^ifornTr
exceed i per cent, by*'volumo. ''
■ ,'(!.'). ..That all sample^ fo-' 'testing
purposes unde.* these■ provisions    be
inscious Tree-Ripened Fruit
. It is not sufficient to know that oranges are
the most healthful of all fruits.   It is quite as
important to know the kind of oranges that are1
most, healthful and* most palatable.    The very
finest'Californiaoranges are now packed under the
label "Sunkist."   Piease serve "Sunkist" oranges
alt breakfast tomorrow and learn the superiority of
tree-ripened,-seedless,' fiberless oranges over the
commonplace kind.  Don't fail to save the wrappers.','
a, m There is so - much "meat"' and, nourishment" in
"Sunkist" oranges and so little waste that, in addition to their extra fine -flavor and goodness, they are
really the most economical oranges to buy.
"Sunkist" Lemons Juiciest
Lemons differ as much' as qrimfres.    Pithy, thick-skinned
Jem'ons contain very littlo juice. ■ You waste money when yoa
buy them.   Please ask for "Sunkist" Lemons and note how
uniform'y sound eiich one is. and what a small percentage is skin and fiber,   - . "      .*
§//|iii!Mll||J\ Get This Valuable Orange Spoon
It lffl'lllil   8ave j2 "Sunkist" orango <or lemon) wrappers
and send them to us, with 12 cents to pay charges,
flacking, etc., and wo will present you with a cenu-
no Rollers Orange Spoon, of beautiful design and
highest quality.   Begin saving wrappers today.   If
'you desire mnro than one, send 12 'Sunkist" wrappers and 12 cents for each additional spqon.'  In remitting, please send cash when tho amount Is less than 20
cents: on amounts abovo 20 cents, we prefer postal note, monoy
order, express order or bank draft.      Wo will be glad to send
you complete list of valuable premiums. We honor both "Sunkist"
and "Red Ball" wrappers for premiums. . (50)
California Fruit Growers' Exchange
105 King Street East Toronto, Ont.
DR. WRIGLESWORTH, D. D. S.
DENTIST.  ' ■ '   '
..  Office:" Johnson-Faulkner Blocl.'
Hours 9-12; 1-6; '   ,-' ^PhoiK.72
"ernle
B. "C.
DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 5; 8 tb 3.
Residence 21. Viotoria Avo,
W. R. Rosa K. C.
W. S. Lane
.   ROSS A LANE
Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, B. C.
o
Canada.
P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
ECKSTEIN & McTAGQART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS, ETC.
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
To Prove That Dust
_>•■■■ "■
i ,   *■-      -. ■ °
is Worse Than
F. C. Lawe
Alex;' I. Fisher
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS
Fernie, B. C.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER CO:
xx
.   7    A. MeDciugaM, ;Mgr    _,,
"■-   *   t •' ''"'< ..'-.     ■ i-    :
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough" ,
and Dressed Lum„er
Send us your orders
77!, M
taken  not less.-;than.one nou.   after
•ilast'ng. ,."„:',„.
(g)    That,each m.ineT>e informed.of
theT'result' of'any'official" analyses. *of
tlie.air 'therefrom,' and notified that-
the ventilation is defective when the
above proportions have been exceeded
and at the same-time supplied, so far
as practicable with InformaJ-ion, as to
tho nature of any defect noticed; ancj
that legal proceedings , be not' taken'
against a mine unless, after a reason^-
ablo interval following such notice,
tho .stated, proportion is found on examination of one or more samples to
be.'again exceeded, and tho mine is
unablo to show that steps havo boen
taken reasonably calculated, in tho
opinion of tho government mining engineer, to secure tho requisite vontilation.
. (u) That any*.analysis on which a
prosecution immodlntoly doponds shall
bo mado by -a specially qualified person.
(1) That arrangomonts bo mndo tor
Inspectors of mines to havo tlio uso
whon desired of n properly tostbd portable apparatus for estimating on tho
spot tho proportion of C02 In tlio air.
With rogard to tlio,vory intorostlng
question as to tlio nocossity for correcting the proponed C02 limit-for tho
altitude of tlio Rand, tlio ovidoneo Is
somewhat conflicting, and many Bnrn-
plos will bo tnlton at cbnsldornblo
dopths, and. .thoroforo wo- do ^not' recommend A.ny nddIt,lon,on thlB.nccount
to tlio' proposed standard,
, In vlow of tho oxtromoly'polf.onouH
offf-efs of CO aiid Nf02 on'tho human
flystom, and tho froquonoy of gatmlng
fatalities on tho Itand, wo nlso roebm-
meud Unit tho maximum pormlsHllilo
nmount* of CO in nny part of a mlno
shnll not oxcood ,01 por, cont., arid
no prnctlcnlly dotormlnnblo amount of
N02 shnll bo pormlUort In nny ptirt of.
a 'mlno.-—MIiioh' and Mlnornls,
WASHINGTON—The,    .bureau . of
mines is" preparing to touch off nn ox-
plosion in a real coal mine to demon
state to'doubting mine owners of Am-,
erica the explosibility of coal"dust.:.
To Convince Operators
Mine owners say that the government experiments at Pittsburg have
only a theoritical value because thoy
are conducted in a*steel tank and not
in a mine.      *'
. The government' is trying to hammer
into the heads of the mine owners
that it is coal dust, not gas, that causes
the most terrible mine disasters. They
buy a mine andblow. it up to prove it.
* The experimental explosions will
have all the characteristics of the real
disaster without the usual loss of life,
for there will be no one in the, government mine when the dust explodes.
Will .Study Effects '
' When the poisonous,gases,have been
'driven-out_the~expert8~willreiiter~aiid-
study the effects of the explosion.
Scientists have long' known that the
dust of coal, wood and graiii' is. explosive; it is only,within three years that
they have* discovered that coal dust
as an explosive is as powerful as dynamite, i   ■     ' *  *
It is now known tho destruction of
tho Washburn and five other .flour
mills of Minneapolis, May 2', 1S7S, was
caused by a dust explosion.
H. L. BI880NNETTE
Veterinary1,Surgeon .*
Calls  promptly  made,  day -or, night
• ' "   and satis..*'*, action 'assured...
ROYAL
H9 TEL
. List of Disasters
Here is a list,of 'American mining
disasters attributed to exploding dust
and the. number of killed.
Fob.' 9, 1871, Rltchlo Co., W. Ya., 4*
Feb.'25, 1873, Rltchlo Co., W. Va., 4;
March 31, 18841 Pocahontas, W. Vo.;
114; Feb. 22, 1892, Pokny, Town, 4;
Jan. 22, 1907, Primero, Colo., 24; Jnn.
26, 1907, Penco, W.,Va„ 12; Jan. 25,
1907, Stuart W. Va., 90; Feb. »., 1907,
Thomos, W. Vn.,,25; Doo. 1. 1!)07, Naomi, Pa., 35; Doc. 6., -907. Monongah,
W, Va., 358; Deo 16, 1907, Yolando,
Ala., 5G;;' Doc. 19, 1907, Parr, Pn.,
230.
, It hns beon determined boyond doubt
(hat tho Monongah horror, tho most
terriblo in history, wan caused by. coal
dust. In all, 1,148 mon lost thoiv IIvob
in coal dust oxploBlons In 1907, and
469 In 1908.
Occur lnsCold Montho .
Nearly all mlno disasters occur olthor at tho beginning of wlntor, or In
RU88IAN ANTHRACITE
tho early spring, with a' few during
the dead of winter.     * '\
December is the' mpst dangerous
month. 7 But disasters* seldom occur
between April and November.
It doesn't just' happen' that way;
There ;is a reason.
Mines Damp in,'Summer
In summer the ventilation systems
are fanning warm, moist air into the
mines,' and- the damp coal dust settles
to the floor anil walls and 'will not
rise when stirred.    '
When cold sets in, the fans blow
into the mines cold dry air. -> Presently the cold dry air takes all the
moisture from the mine. ; The dust
now, rises at any disturbance.
'■ The dust may become so thick in
the airthat it, becomes explosive. ' A'
heavy blasting charge or a . crossed
electric wire may touch it off. '
Likened, to .Tornado
" As th*. flash, travels, slow at first, it
D*t_gin_>   LU   _UlFUp"UU")L-r -LH-ti.-A.ll,J—alj\i -
onds the -(flame is travelling at- a
tremendous rate, sometimes nearly- a
half mile a'second.-
Ahead of It is pushed, a tornado, of
whirling, air, raising a thickN train of
dust from the flame tb feed on.
Its passing lasts.only an instant,.but
that twinkling of an eye will turn a
solid,face of coal Into coke half an
inch thick. The heat sometimes
reaches 5,000 degrees.
Dust Worse tharr Gas
Heretofore mino owners havo attributed all explosions to free gas In
tho mine; Tho scientists now know
the gas explosion Is far less to bo
dreadod by the miner than tho dust
oxploslon. ■■
' To show American mlno owners tho
dangor of dust, tho bureau exports
will fill their oxporimontnl mlno with
dust and touch lt off.
Tho bureau hopes to induce ownors
to install provontlvo doylcos voluntarily,,but as tho result of tho cxporlmontB
tho govornmont will bo asked to pass
laws compelling safoty measures.
' Preventive Measures
,,  Somo measures which will prevent
coal dust oxploslon aro:
Humidifying tho*Intake nlr-current
with steam.-        •••■.'■ 7*
Dnlly sprinkling of corridors.
Frequently cleaning' up tlnat* nnd
washing down "walls with hoso.   - .
Govorlng-wnllH with' stono dust,
, . Using only small flnmo explosive's,'
, Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
M*******************Jf*****
I   ROMA HOTEL
K
i*
K
K
K
J . First class table board
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management. '
Meals 25c. , Meal Tickets $5.00     *
£ = BANQUETS CATERED FOR*    **
*..   |
£   '    Rates $1.00 per day       J
k. . R. Henderson, Dining Roon^Mgr      1
•••••••••^■Ar*^^*x*******
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
On .first     class
;business and residential   property.
DROP   IN   AND  TALK  THE
,. MATTER   OVER. WITH   IIS
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
_ * *      .'
see us once
JOHN,PODBIELANCIK. Prop.
.Static
Our Swanson rnrroHpondonl tolo*
Ki'iiplm: I honr thnt, tho JltiHHlnn anthraclto prnilucorH havo rocontly boon
organising to develop thoir oxport.
trado to Mediterranean povts, and
spoclnl efforts nro bolng mado to cap-
turo a lnrgo portion of tho trndo In
Itiillnn outlntH liltliorto oxclitHlvoly
sorvoil by South Walofl. Attompta
to plnroltiiHHliin Hlenm nnd kiih conls
havo proved iinavnllliig by ronson of
tho prlcofl and qunlltlos of Wolsh pro-
UlU'-ri,   OUC   YvlUl   illltlllllVilO   Ullri   I'OUl
cnn Xw ilpllvprril In rlnnnlflpfl rnrtft,
f, o . b. at Mnrlnnnpnl, tho llunnlnn nn-*
thrnclto shipping port, nt Ss to On. por
tou Iohh tlmn tho prlcos ruling f. o, b.
at. awnnson,
Coneldornbla Intorofit, too, is bolng
inlccn In V-ouih Wnlps in a bill now
undor dlsciiBHlon In tho Italian Chamber (o onsuro tho transit of Brltlmi
ronl Intondod for (ho Italian navy imd
fltnlo rnllwny In Itnllnn vohsoIh. Tho
Rlst or tho Idon In thnt If Ttnly. ennnot help proBontlng im with .Cfl.000,000
a yonr for conl imrchtiRod from uh, bIio
may nt least save what sho now pnys
lo EiikUhU HUIpiiuiti, A fuai* hi liuluu
folt hore more particularly thnt Itnllnn
i uhlpownprs will In nil prnliithllH/ ugl
;     "THE FRUIT MAGAZINE"       *
Tho January n'vmber of "Tho Fruit
Mngazlno." publlphod , In Vnnc'ouyor,
H, a, to hnnd, contains somo highly
IntoroBtlng reading on this growing
industry of 1 ho province       ■* .   "
Tlio covor Is * ombolllBllod with a
"Northorn Spy' that looks good onough
to ont. Thoro Ib a cut of,tho InrROflt
'applo shown at Vancouvor,, which
welRhod 88 ounces,..
As nn ovidoneo of tho literary mnttor mny bo cltod nmoni? othors, "Cold
fltorngo and Pro-Coollnj?," "Fruit pncli*
Inu* schools," "Tho Applo Scab nnd Un
Control," IiphIiIoh a mimbor of short
articles of vnluo to fruit grower*.,
!
Fernie Dairy
FRESH MILK
delivered ., to . all
parts or the. town
Sanders & Verhaest Brothers,
Proprietors .
I
EARTHQUAKES AND., MINES
» —._      '■■ .
An Austrian Theory
STRIKE  OR LOCKOUT
The Mine Workers of N. 8. Ask fer
Conference
HALIFAX—Tho district offleorH of
tho Uultoil Mlno Workors in Capo llro*
ton linvo nimln nppllcntlon for n hnnnl
of conciliation in connoctlon with tho
\:.bi': dIff.vv.'.ty !r. tV-C *_.1 l*_,i'»Tl .•** r*-r»l.fr**t»-
ioB nt Port Mnrltnn. Tho formH woro
drawn up rocontly nnd woro forwartlod
to tlio mlnlHtor of labor nt pltawa,
Many of the men any they ore not on
striko, but riifrnln from "working until
rntos nVo ndjustcil, nnd alnto thnt thoro
1 , . , I T.     .1   *1-1,.     Il.tr.
__,!__.     .i^C.    4.    _\.S. .**\. *4 *. I. *.*^w**-..>     i....*
phaso of tho quostion will bo tho main
contention of iho union, lii asking for
n board of conciliation. Thoro lino
beon Homo plckoltnf..
•Ito tho mining dlsnstor In Lanca*
Bhlr-J, tho N-5uo -Frolo PrOHfte, 'Vienna,
roiiinrkb; gonornl tftnypatliy.lH folt for'
tho'Engl IhIi niillon which'for tho s<v
cond tlmo'litis'yonr linn miffor'eil from
a foarful mining' dUastori "Technical
hcIoiico must study thin- ovorwholililng
mlsfortmio, lis it Is doublloss coimoct*
oil \vlth tho Important onrth tromor's
which tho solsmlc Instrumontfl now
register, and-whicli nlwiiyn marlc ox-
tromoly, critical. porlodH for mlnos, an
in consoquonco of thono tremor*-1 gas
currents nro dovoloped which onsily
catiHO dovafltntlon.    ,
It. Is Intorostlng to recall that tlio
chlof of tho solsmlo buronu nt Lnlbnch,
professor Helnr, published a roport
somo dnys ngo in which ho romnrkod
that nt tho prosont opoch a groat solB"
mlc iHstrulmncol'oxIfltH which liicroa*
non tho dangor of mining dlsnstors.
Only too qulclriy.lins this forecast boon
f-lKUlf"*! ■   n«U«>  To1np-rn«l.   fT,f\t-ir*)fi-..*l
,* ,*.j_y ,,*,        ■'''■■*:,''
/-■/.Ferme'v.,-;.
r_\fiislcnl Piu'Uph and DnncoHcnLorod
for," The best ntul vci*y lntust' *'
inuHla in tho district
For pui'tli)ulur npply tn
Thoa. MaManoblio. dox HZV "ernle
or 8lf_. Zaeoarro  ,..•-,   *, ,;,'
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie
'Fernie's Leading- Commercial
and Tourist House
;S. F.WALLACE,, Prop.
JOHN B. WATSON
Chartered Accountant, Assignee,' Liquidator and Trustee;, auditor to
the Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
CALGARY, ALTA.
P. O, BOX 308
Bi Jt Depew
AVVI80,
. Mlnatorl cl progglnmo dl Informnrvl
ill stnro via dl Mlchol, 1), C, quelle
cho filoto fuori, ossttndo cho nol tempo
liresento vlo niolta gontu lilHHOccupnln.
MAUIltOB nUMlELIi,
Sogrotarlo   dl   Flnnnzn doll; Untono
Locnllo n. 2.3S4 Mlchol, H. O.     "!
FERNIE UNION;DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
.141,   Moot?'ovory Friday,, night' at
8 p, in.   Minors'   union   hall,   J.
Jackson, President;   W,   MnrBlifj,tn,
-Recording Secretary, '       ,-7
'.ELECTRICAL ENGINEER
CONTRACTOR
AND
R.: 0. BOX 423.
FERNIE
Bartenders' Local No. 514; Meets 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2,30 p.m. Secretary J. A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotol,
■■>■(■
Oladitone Local No, 2314 U. M. W. A.
Moots 2»id nnd 4Hi Thursday Minors
Union hall.'   1). Hoon, Unix.'        ;
Typographical Union No. 666? Moots
last Saturday, in each month at tho
Lodger Offlco. A. J, Iluckloy, Bce-
rblary.
flVERY
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale.,
George Barton    Phone
A .1
")t
4
.1-
************************** •>
WE
BUY
Into for nnthrnclto to bo Include*! ns
tho lloscoo Commltteo (1800) on tho j woll aB steam coal.—Dally Telegraph
Wntllntlon  of Humidified  Fnrtn--I.**i.j (London(.
FURSHIDES
fnr tu* rut,, * O Ut **% taut* mt.*r fat r<va (9 « . I-."H*" ^V.n -*BI* W3** "-B*thlB to
•ull »ihnrntt. Xx'til* (nr rrlMbltl, JUrli.t Hf>w)rt. tiUpplaa'1 *t*. im **>ot*. uur
HUNTERS'&TR _PPER8'GUIDE/^^
Prillr«|i|>*"r. t,',*nfil\,,T.<iri«iq—lt*. tile*.
n\M   ■     '   -       -	
iliinir.
TriM, (Iim• Iin Nmt Mil «k*f« •• Iiik, *** to tittm. * ***•
|t» pu*., twtbu )»*inL tut. Uiliir m Oi. iuXikX *t* wrltUo. IHuilrHJni »*J Tvt liiiniit. ie
- ni tmriwn* n*mi, iw-r., -      - " "	
!»'•»r»nl«r ** ,    .
j. Ol' MHMtl* *»\X .** t*r*t *ll'*n, lnimli i. IrtM, f I.M Mt l*4_la, .•"**>>?'"•
IJMMtt^ti-MtUiMlutWtMiP-). Ab«um)i11m«nIN*C, .1   Ul****a*U*Ml*a
, Nov Mil
(1 fatmit
U.r.
I. IV!
nitMntin, It JS. HM_tun«M IbI»
Local Fernie No. 1? 8. P. of C. Moots
tn Minora Union Hall evory Sunday
- nt 7.45 p.m. Everybody .-welcome, D.
' Paton, Socrotary-Troaauror.
Amalgamated Society Carp ante re and
Jotnere'.-^Mcct tn 5,tlnero Hall overy
nltornato Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Word, fltvro.nry, V, 0.*S*>7,
United Brotherhood of Carpenter* and
Jolneri.--I.ocal 1220. D. J. Evana,
ProaMont; F. If. 8hn\r, Secretary,
_
i
I NG E R
E WI N G
MACHINE  CO
WM.     BARTOK
Ancent.   Vernle   Branch
Pellatt   Ave*
_•
Korth \.
************* ************^.
sr I
VJ
f v*.
r
i.".-.
i .' - * ■ -,t. *
THK DISTRICT LEDGES, FUtNIE, B. C; JANUARY 14, ltfll-
PAGE SEVEN l
7
if:-
:J
The Week's News for
Our Foreign Brothers
Tl—BRAT  "DELAVEC!
Spisal .Fran  Furlan
'i   "'
Pride, na svet* 05e in mati te zre-
dlt'a skoro na ravno isti nafiin kakor
junca.  -  7    -
Ko nekoliko odrasteS, gre§ v Solo,
Junca ugijo voziti.   -.*'-.    -, ;'
•'Ko Junec odrastej ga vpre*eJo v Jar-
em;'; hranijo"'ga dobro in skrb<_, da Je
z'ayarovan proti sabemu' vremenu.
Ko. ti odrastcs, kakgno je'tvoje ziv-
Ijenje?     ■'   .-• ; ■-.     -.
Videl sem.te starem kraju za plu-
gom, v toyarni, ,v delavnici, delati od
zore do mraka.   , '    ,      ,
.-    Za„koga?^ .      ;" / '
• Za lepo opravljene bogatase in voj-
a§ke castnike; za lene duhoyne, kat-
eri ti prodojajo neskon5no "veselje"
- v nebesih  pod  pogojem,  da tl*_ njim
preskrlfiiS lepo in brezskrbno 2ivljenje
na tem svetu.
In kaj imnS tl za ■gvoj trud.?,
Pravico,' teSko delati' do smrti in
potom v miru pofilvati.
Vidim te tukaj v Ameriki, ko zopet
tiCnega jarma, je„ treba, da se zdru-
zimo,     Delati moramo zdruZeno.
Kapitalisti dobro vedo, da kalcor.se
hitro delavci vsega * sveta, zedinijo,
bode njih vladrastvo konCano. Zaradi
tega nas skusajo.razdru21ti.. *,'Vsako,
bodisi'se tako podlo' sredst'vo upora-
bijo. da nas drzijo v prepiru med'seboj
Oni vedo,. da tg-ko dolgo, dokler se mi
ne, zjedinimo, _,bodemo vedno dovolili,
da nam nekoliko izmeckov Clbvegtva
krade Cez polovico nasega pridelka in
izdelka.       ~  •-    -.-, ,
Socialist!1 pravijo,' da si ti .ravno tako
cldvek-kakor tisti, katerl _ivl ob tvo-
jem delu.      ,."
"-".All iraamb'prav?*   ,''•(,.
Dalje trdijo, da.je na tej zemlji vsega
dovoij. '
-. Je to res? ... . ■
Onl trdijo, da si ti edinit ki delas
in pridelaS vse potrebgCine.
AU ne? '
Socialisti pravijo. da ti Ze predolgo
delag za bogate lenuhe. ZaCni torej
earn za-se..
Na naSi zemlji je S5 odstotkov de-
lavcev In aaino 15 odstotkov brezpose-
;>-
■
NARA-SAJ 80CIJALI8TI6N_H GLASOV
7    7,                     1877                  1897    -
* 1907  *    .
NemCija.. ..*
.: , 493,000-         2,107,000
3,259,000 '
896,000
1,041,000
469,000
_ driave ..
 *_..."....                    '*        55,000  -.
♦700,000
Anglija..  ..
. '                             55,000
,  342,000
Fihska .. .-.
, .      , ,                                                      _:
■ 330,000 .
Itallja..' ...
    '.._.*"                          135.000
■ 320,000..
Danska..   ..
     -.1,000               32,000 '
93,000'
'J _§vica..   ....
-....-    - r. "           -40.000  - -
" ,  70,000   _
->' Holand..   ..
 .   ....       ;         '• -         13,500  .-
65,000
Norvegka ..
                  ,                 7,000     .
45,000   •
Svedska.. .
,   ,       ,   , i *   ,   <  ,   ,   r.   .
26,000
Spanija..   .-.
                                14,000*
23,000
494,000   *     . 3,896.500
9,519,000 '
*    _910.
".-,•*■.                                           '
,
delag od zbre do mraka   v.   rudniku,
livarni, na Jeleznicl in' na polju.
Za koga?
Za one ljudi, ki nlso v'svojem celem
.,, Zivljenju stdrili niC kOristhega.
...In kaj-Imag tukaj za svoj trud?
V5asih te zadusl v rudniku.   More-
biti zgubig samo roko v tova'rni.   Ako
siposebno srefien, bode§ umrl naravne
" smrti:'   Seveda, predno umrjeS, bodeS
gotovo, ako" dolgo  Zlvlg,' skljuSen Jn
grbav kakor star konj., ,
Sem-li ti pbvedal resnico?
Pravis, da imam prav,oall kako pom-
agati? -   ' "
■    PosluSaj!
- V svrho, da seosvobodimo kapltalis-
lnih bogatagev:, Zakajtorej ti dpvolis,
da te ima taka manjgina za suznja.
Zbudi se, brat! *<-'
Poglej po svetu in pridruZi se arm-
adl zavednih delavcev, . ki koraka
zdruzena'v boj za osvobodltev Clove-
skega rodu.   7, ■
Zabij si v glavb, dav si. tl edini, ki
hranis svet in zahtevaj, da''kdor ho6e
jesti, mora,' tudi delati.'
Ako mislig, da je to prav, potem
pristopi k socijalistom.- * Ne poslugaj
one '.'uSenjake," ki ti govorijo, da so
socialist! ' hudodelnikl.- Vpragaj jih
zakaj!     Ve§ kaj'tl bodo odgovorill?
Rekll bo^ejo:' Zato,-ker so socijal-
isti.—Proletarec. ■'- * - . .
FERNIE, Bi C, 7 Dec, 1910.
 : A am.
^r-Til ~A*.*m **.*.	
^W11C_1*CUI *-
Travailleurs.
^
•i*
Mon&.eur,
Je viens de suite au point, qui m'ln-
t(5resse personnellement car je buIb
presse.' ■  "'    *, '*-  • , '•" ■
Pourquoi that parler en "faveur du
" suffrage f(Sminin puisqu'elles sont, oui,
, puisqu'elles sont .* absolument Inutilea
- en^politique pour le blen-etre.numaln.
No savez-vous done ■ pas  qu'on  peut
achoter plusieurs femmes pour un dollar, ou plus et qu'il en serait ainsl pour
leur voto si elles avnlcnt droit n ce
dernier. •   , »
En v<5rlt<. vous n'y pensez pas car
si vous'connaisslez   les   femmes en
gdndrnl commo un simple voyagour le,s
cbnnnlt 11  mo semble—mals 11 fadt
rdfl^ohlr    pour ne' plus en pnrlor et
voh'b dlro a vous memo que les femmes
fnibles et s'il y  n  des femmes  qui
„• ngissent ainel a Lbndres co sont nl
plus nl moins quo des. :Vous pouvez
. 'oxcusor rorthographo, si vous voulez
colui qui vous toll n'a pas d'lnstruc-
tion car vralment un hommo industrious a d'nutroB ehoses a falro quo
.  d^crlro dos folios. - .-. ''
Done, flans vahcuno, monsieur lo Dl-
roctour, car J'aurnl plus tarcl a vous
poRor uno questi on sur lo soclnllsnio.
En attendant jo ino contonto do vous
dlro quo j'npprouvo los socialistes jus-
qu'a un cortnln point.
IIh,devraient lalssor les cathollquoB
falro leur religion et no pns s'y op-
poser.
C. N.
Ies joumaux les plus opposes au f£min-
isme-en"g*Bnerai"et"aui_suffrngettes~en"
particulier n'ont Jamais essay<§ de
faire croire a leurs lecteurs qu'eMs
etaient des prostitu-^eis. .
Un homme qui lance une telle accusation ,devralt. avoir le courage de
signer, son nom et de fournlr. les pr«-
uves."
, A l'Unlon des Travailleurs nous
nvons les plus grand respect pour les
femmes.i Nous nous rappelons que
notre mere, (Halt une. femme. Elles
no sont pas toutes parfaites, mals elles
n'ont certalncmont pas plus de ddfauts
que les hommes, Quand une femme
se vend, quand une femme descend
dnns la boue_elle a gen<5ralement pour
compagnon un homme qui ne vaut pas
plus, qu'elle, souvent moins. Esclave
ou pbupee, la femme ost g<.ndralemont
ce que I'a faito l'homme.
• "'Et si ello avait le droit do suffrage^
nous sommes convaincus qu'elle ne
sa'iirntt en faire un plus mauvals usage
q,uo 90 pour 100 des dloctours ouvriers
qui ne l'ont employd Jusqu'lcl <iu'a se
forger do plufllourdes chalnes.
chta tamnSjsi sv^ bohatstvi die lid-
shych dusi mize poCitati- a' ze'hrabS
Tolstoj sam v selski§m kabat*S jdQ za
s\jm pluhem. * ,'-' .
, Vlme jen, ze barbarska TpovSra a zvi-
reci surovbst mezi lidem tamnSjsim
panuje a ze jemna, moderni duse Tur-
genSva z tohoto bahna.mohla vznik-'
nouti. ." Vime dale.ze v cele Evrop-5
zadn-? iupie, vrah,. ani ,.?lod5j nesml
byti tdlesmS tyran' a ze v Rusku due-
hem a vzdglonim bohati mu?.ov6 a ze-
ny, jinosi a divky podrobiti se musi
krva,vSniu zneuct§ni Zoldack-S knuty. i
Nezname nie o tdto zemi, nez hrflzy
stredovSkd a obdivuhodne 5iny hrdin-'
sk-5, nie.nez nekol^k lldov^ch pisni do-
jemn*i melancholi; vynikajici postavy,
mezi kterymi jedni'-skbro jako svati,
druzi jako krvelaend'bestle ziji. Po-
zorujiime jen, jak v ukrytu ,temin5 mo-
cnosti se'namahajik aby jho'utlaCovan-
■fch'a bifiovan'/ch'svrhil a jak z t^to
hlublny nSkdy se vy'nori ramS, aby po
nedps'tizitelndm velltell• sahlo ,a .jej
zardousilo. .. Vidimo generaci za geii-
e'raci ob§toyati se ,v bezuCeIn£m''hero-
ismu. Vidime kazd6ho dne, jak neo-
hrbzeni mu2ovd jich zivoty "fanaticky
obfiLiiji.. a co jsou staroyfici hrdinov-5
proti mladikflm ruskj-m!
A* nad vgemi temito ..vladne cisar.
Nedostiziteln'y^'. tajflpln?, vSemohouci,
skoro jako Bfih, PorouCi knizatQm a
hrabatflm sv6 rige, jak iinde kralovd
anisedlakilm sv^m nemohou poruCiti.
Jest vladcem nad majetkem, svobodou
a Zalarem, Zlvotem a' smrti a nikdb,
komu svetlo slunce jest mil<5, nesmi
povstati a tazati se: ..FroC tohoto jsi
usmrtil a onohb pov*yg_l.' Pro-? brodi
se tvoji drabovd v nafil krvl?" Do
nejvzdaleii-Sjgich koncin na6i zemSko-
ulesaha, vfile tohoto muZe a jeho bIovu
se uctiv-S nasloucha' jak v ci'sar_.kem
palaci Cinskdm, tak ve dvornim -hrndfi
videnskdm, v Elyseich i v Berlins.
Asi tucet mal-J-xh suver6nu, mezi nimi
hrd? pfllm-5sic, zavisi na tomto sve-
tavladci ,osud yfiech tgch kralu, a
kniZat drZi v jeho dutd dlani.
MladJ- muZ megfackfiho zevnSjgku,
treba i teZ ta takbv<Jho ducha a 'jeho
ano' nebo n e, jeho rozmar a nalada
mflZe tvarnost cel6ho tohoto. sveta
zmfiiiiti. Jak mu asi ostatni suver6ni
tuto nezlomenoii panovafinost zavidi.
Co jim behem doby Zel<_zn*>-mvlivem
novfeh idei a.pbznani bylo uzmuto, to
mohou m6riti na tomto ClovSku. , Jiste
zda se jim to,, bj-ti- pomri'ikem jejich
n§kdejsi neobmezene panovaCnosti,
Zivou upominkou na ony zlat-5 dny,
kdy-jest-5 byli ,kralov<5 volni.
Mlady, bledy, mug, bez posunku veli-
,telsk^ch, bez zevnSjgku tyrana. Ale
on nema potrebi zdvihnouti, hrdS ruku,
kdyZ ppkyn ■ prstem dostaCi, aby nilli-
ohy uVedl, v pohyb. Toto ale jest
Zivot jeho a jeho predkfl: Pokrmy a
napoje' museli .nechatl svym psflm * a
lokajflm napred ochutnatl, aby, kdyZ
tito, v bolestech se svtjeli, si mohli
oddechnouti, ze tentokrate st'astnS
smrti uili; "museli zaZIti; jak stropy
skvSlych dvoran se. srltily tak . bez-
prostrednS pred jejich prichoden, ■ Ze
lokajove*, dvgre jim. otevlrajici,, byli
tim zabiti,. museli byti svSdky toho,
jak koleje, Zelezhifini,"na nichZ tou
chvlli dvorni vlakiuhaiL61._hvlv_-nndml.,
novany a explodovaly a oni pak, ve
passed underground, in the'black and
cavernous recesses, bf the mine; and
the morality of these unhappy .creatures was equal to their, physical degradation. . Children also were * employed and treated with even greater
brutality. Overworked and beaten* by
tlieir cruel taskmasters, these children
grew up stunted and diseased,* and*-it
was evident that, nothing but widespread ruin, both body and soul, could,
.result from a system so monstrously
opposed to all the laws of nature.- The
statesman who. procured the commission of enquiry was Lord Ashley, afterwards still more famous .as tlie Earl
of Shaftesbury; and it was he who
subsequently introduced and,, carried
the.Mines'and Collieries Act, by which
women, and girls were forbidden lo be
employed in any form of mining or
colliery labor, and the employment of
boys was not to bo permitted under
the age af ten years. Moreover, the
term of apprenticeship was limited,
and, the Secretary of State was em-i
powered'to appoint inspectors of mines
and collieries, that the provisions of
tlie bill should not be evaded by those
interested in defeating t.hem. The
act was passed in, 1842, but did not
come into "operation until 1843. ' Its
effect was unquestionably good; yet it
was found difficult to restrain many
women from continuing the work to
which they had been accustomed, and
which they perhaps could not readily
exchange for anything better..'
ALABAMA   18   DEMOCRATIC
REPON8E
.J
\
x
Nouh n'nvonR guoro 1'huhltuilo do
nouB occupcr dos lcttrorf nnonymos et
si nouB falsons oxcopllbn pour collo-ci
o'ORl surtout pour In quostion qu'cllo
Boulovo.
Tant qu'n 1'autour do la lottre, noun
lo pIuIriioiih Hlncoramont. flit lottro
inonti-o qu'll n'a puero do respect pour
lo hoxo niiquel nppnrtlont sa moro.
„I1 y n Hon do crolro quo O. N.. a ou
du gout pour ln bono, s'y est. plongti
don pled a la toto ot innlntcnnnt 11 ho
plaint, quo In bono cat snlo ot voud-
rait, nom. fulro crolro qu'll n'y a quo
do la bona icl-bnfi.
11 n'OBt quo trop mnlhoiirmiBonicnt
vral qu'll y n doH fcmmoH qui bo von-
dont memo a tron btiB prlx. SI lo
nuffrnRo dgnl oxlulatt 11 ont prohahtu
quo (Iob fonmiOB voiidrnlont lour voto,
NmiH vlvonn hoiih un rdgiino do com-
jnorclnllBirio a oiitrnnco, tout bo vend,
tout H'aohoto. VA o'enl pour coin quo
hoiih voyons [lon hommoH no vondre
a tout niiBHl bin-* prlx quo Ioh fominofl.
Artni.l_--mf.nt mix Klnla-TInla I'pniMln-
vlo ot la blero no Jounnt-ll pns un
pulHwint. rolo n clinquo (MontInn?
Alnnl, par oxoinpln, ilnnn lo' comtii
■d'AdnmB, Ohio, ou Ton fnlt nntuollo*
mont uno oiiquolo n propoH do I'n-
clint d'un grntid nombro da votes mix
dornloroB -fleetionu, lo Jury a ildja
troavd C3'! counahlca. Dans le nom*
1 rr' re t;'_:vc v.:*- :*.*.'!'.!r'.-.'_* * •.•l'a:.'ir:.'-
qui, paralMI. nvnlt rocn $10 pour Bnn
voto. Un proprifetnlro nnuoz rlcho
fivnlt vcrulu mn voto ct colui do *on
rrondro pour $7.R0.
Pas cher, n'ont pnsf
A Wilmington, »oI„ Hobort C. Whito
contesta lVlcctlon do von concurrent
lv.|,_iVihV«ni   tft'l   Oi.lW \iit  IW-lni'ife'   -tjuin
nvait nthetd le voto de 3,000 blanci ot
d'un auasl grand nombro do ncgrea.
Oi) no nnura jamnlit acheter nl plus
fnclloment nl a meinour marche lo«
-»51octctir d'atijourd'hul.
En torininant C, ML. nous dit do
lalfiser les cathollquoB falro leur religion et dc no.pnB nous y.oppoRor.
Quand los cathollquoR B'occuperont
de sulvro lour religion, Ies socialistes
aoront los dorntors a y mottro la moln-
dro entravo. Lea BoclnllflleB ont un
iravnll blon plus Important n falro quo
do s'oceupor do la rollglon des gens.
Mals volln, los dlgnttarlCR do la religion cathol'.quo oubllent lour religion
pnln* B'occupor do question*-; polltlqucB
ot dconomlques, Et dniiR tous los
pnyR nous los voyolis du coto dos ox-
plolteui'B combattro tout, mouvomont
qui a pour bnt d'nmdlloror lo sort dos
oxploltds.
Lo olorgd cntliollqub-floutlont lo rd-
Rlmo actual. Or, C, N.,iioub dit quo
Bona >lo rdglmo Boutcnu par lo clcrgd
cathollquo Iob fomniOH sont toutos a
vondre, Pourquoi Io clcrgd h'opporo-
-11 n un rdgluie qui muttniit flu a lu
vdnalltd dont C. N,., bo plaint?
A C, N., ot n tons coux qui bo fig-
ui'..iiL quo Ioh HociullHtoR comhiUtout
la rollelon nous tenons n diro eneoro
uno fols: Job BOdallntcB no combnttonC
PUB In religion, tin nnmlinttont ceux qui
ho Horvont do la rollg'on pour ddfondro
ln vol, rinunoralltd, lo mourtro, qui
Bont la trlnltd cnpltnllHto.
Noils no noiiH occupona do In rollglon ilo poraonno, malfl jioub onmbat-
totiH toiiH coux (iui ddfondont nt boh-
tlonnont un rdglmc qui mot ln HcIiohho
a In dlnppHltlon dos fatndnuts nt tn
misfire rhoz Ior (ravnllloura. qu'lln no-
Ion f do BlmploH HncrlstnhiH ou lo pnpo
lulmomo—-I/Uninn dos Trnvnllloura.
O  JEDNOM   MOCNEM   MUftl
stredu mocnd uvd ri§e, taboriti byli
niiceni v glrdm poll, obklopenl mrtvbl-
aml a umlr'ajiciml- tSch, kteri je_tS
pred okamzikem kaZddho jich pokynu
byli poslugnl. .-,-'_..,
'Jak ugtvani a u vScnd uzkostl "zablll
urednlka palncovdho, kdyZ ry'chle sah-
nul do knpey, aby jlm podal akt k
potvrzenl, nebo dflstojnlka, kterj* tro-
chu rychlejl sahnul k 5apce, aby evdho
velltele pozdravll, v domnSnce, Ze jii
se na n6 k smrtici ran6 napraha. Ta-
hoyf Jest Zivot a osud ruskych samo-
vladcfl. '■ M
To pak so dfidlco tdto rISo.tkne, jest
tento hndankou,
Neiistavn so 'zkoumatl joho slova a
skutky, ahy se zjistllo, Jaky jest vnit-
rek tolioto muZo, KdyZ so neclial v
Kromlu korunovati,,vblasit6 projevll
svou touhu po mlru svStovdm a prece
vcdl od td doby tu.,-iiojkrvav6Isl valkn,
jakou kdy historic znznnmonnla.. Jak
to v Itusku hyvnlo, ink to Rftstalo. A
mezi tlm, co on honl knmzlky v hornch
Alpskych nebo v lo'slch DnrmStatsk*?-
ch, poradnjl ho v joho rlfii hony na
Hill, A preco bo o 116m vypravi, Ze
casto proldvn Blzy na svdm vysokdm
tryuo, Zo v hlubokd melnncholii stravl
bv6 dny a jnk zrldkn kdy bo zasniCJe.
Vidimo Jej krnCetl tou Bnmou ces-
ton, Jako joho predlty, Uznvron vo
svdm Znlnri, ktory krok zi|, krokom
vBuiIo Joj provnzl. JoHt prov'azen a
vZdy chranoh JSlvou wll a zajlskrl-ll
ndkdy joho zraky, jost to proto, pond-
vadZ UnZd^ pohyb, ktery spntrujo, znamena pro ndho dva obrazy: jodon Bku-
toCnj., novlnny a pule vnltrnl, nohoz-.
poen?, ktor^ nouRtalo glvon jost joho
fnntnsll, I knZd^ grarnol ziinmonn
pron dva hhifly, Rkuto-Sny a pak onon
liruzlvj*, kteij* sail) v iliicliii Bvdni BlySl,
Noblndnmi tvnro Joho vllvoni Rtnldho
ho zdrZoviml v domi". n Rvdtnlol, nlo
vddoinlm toho, Zo kdyhy Jon Jed lny
Unmon v tdto Joj ohklopujlcl zdl bo
uvohiH, kdyhy Jon Jodlny z tlHlou hil-
ilnjlolcli Jej lldl Htnl ho mu novi-ruyin,
kdyhy v kovnvdni plotu ImJonolA n
kopl ltozack-fch Jon dost mala bo vj*h-
hylln inozorn, Zo I lined by tnmtudy pro-
klouzla 01111 vrnZednn nikn, litora pri-
Rornd 11 MtriiAldelnd un clirnulcl joj zdl
iioiiHtnl'i hieda n hinatn.
Nojhrddjfil koriinu nosl tento mlml?
umi, nlo nonl jl h hlavou Hhrbouoii, v
noustnldni ofielinvnnl anirtlcl rnny.
Ai'umla,
The clipping which we produce below is from the January number of
"Mine's and Minerals.' It was in thla
southern state-that the governor ordered striking "miners to be evicted from
grounds upon which they were camp-
edV under the pretext of "not being
sanitary." ■
Many people at the last election
voted, the Democratic ticket because
they did not'wish, to lose their vote
by supporting a Socialist nominee, and
yet were utterly-dissatisfied-with the
Republican Party.        »
Alabama is intensely Democratic,'
so draw.your own conclusions as to
the likelihood of any real benefit accruing. ' ,. '
Legalized Slavery
. The United States Supreme Court
will shortly decide whether*.that„abom-
ination^cailed "the contract labor law"'
shall continue. The supreme court of
Alabama holds that the law is legal,
being a proper exercise of the police
powers. *"• While Alabama contract labor law. does not draw the color line,
no white men are working as convict
miners, showing' that it was enacted
to ensnare the negro laborers, that
politicians might graft. Alabama has
a law compelling coal mine operators
to pay the miners $1 per ton for coal.
The scheme is,to, force a contract on
some ignorant farm laborer, • then for
some trifling violation drag the culprit into court and have him convicted
for committing a misdemeanor, which
may be punished by hard labor and
long~s"SnteSSe; Once_nTa_TlE5"i_an
is' farmed  but to a  contractor who
of coal dust, , Samples of, this coal
dust; which Mr. 'Garforth had preserved, have been microscopically and
chemically* compared with .the coal
dust used in* the experimental explosions;'and found to be. identical, but a
still more . important discovery has
been made.- . Iu examining the. Altofts
mine after the explosion it was found
that great destruction had been' caused in all the haulage roads where there
was a preponderance of coal dust,
"but that the' evidence of flame and'
ri • -*1
force disappeared when tbe stone dust
roads'' were reached"; and Mr.' Gar-
forth 'concluded "that a coal dust explosion could be .checked if an incom-'
bustionable dust were present in sufficient * quantity." It' was, therefore,'
decided to try the experiments, and
to take precautions, on a great scale.
The Altofts mine throughout its entire
area, was "dusted"—stone dust was
thrown on roof, sides, and floor, where-
ever coal dust could accumulate. It
was found that this can be adequately
done at- a cost of about one-eight ef
a peniiy per ton of coai raised. The
experiments in the improvised "mine"
above ground live consisted of mixing
stone dust with coal dust, and then
causing an 'explosion'., Stone dust is
incombustible, and the theory is that
as the percentage of incombustibility
is increased "it becomes increasingly
difficult either to originate an explosion in the mixture, or to cause an
explosion to be propagated," and us
their experiments "seem to have been
the whole the committee report that
attended with a large measure of success."—Science and Art of Mining.
********iiirl
-*x
k"A A A k kkkx"
kkkrk**********
"HELP"
, * '■ >        ~*r
'■■■■■ ■     - .    +
Us pay money to white labor  %
-*.   ■.-■■_ ■■••  ■ .■ 1
FERNIE STEAM LAUNDRY •%
-K*   (., *
*******kijt*kkk*****k******************irkkk*irkk*****rk*
USES OF SAWDUST
Do you save'i
A time will come when your financial resources will be strained to meet
some unexpected depiand Will you
liave to suffer the consequences, or
will you be iu a position to turn to
your bank account for aid?.
Deposit your savings in the Bank of
Hamilton now, and when the day of
emergency comes you will be prepared. ,'       "" '
J. fi. LAWRY, Agent
FERNIE
HEAD OFFICE
HAMILTON
feeds him and works'him'in tha coal
mine, receiving $1 per ton for all coal
the convict mines.
Greenhorns from the farms ar« sent
Into gassy mines, and whipped if they
do not dig their allotment of coal,'ind
shot if they attempt to escape. Under
trumped-up charge's and euch conditions they may be kept at work Indefinitely. Some have tried to kill
themselves, and others have run tho
risk of, being killed by the guards
rather than submit to tbe slavery.
The United States Department of
Justice contends tbat this treatment of
men is a form of peonage, nnd that
tho Alabama law was not enacted to
provor.t fraud, but to encourago law
breaking and impose involuntary Hor-
vitude.' If the systom is,, pronounced
legal thon It Is up to the large corporations owned by northern capital
to refuse to hire convicts as thoy are
now doing.
Sawdust is usually regarded ae an
objectionable product because it increases the danger of fire if deposited near mills or lumber piles, and necessitates either carriage with accompanying expenses or the construction
of a "burner" and the use of conveyors or carts -to transfer it from the
saws.    -
,A double economy however is. now
in progress. A , result of the . use
of band ssiws instead of tbe old circular and gang saws, a log that, under
the old system produced 8° boards, will
now produce 9, a very substantial increase in^product with a correspond
ing decrease in the amount of sawdust
produced. *
Owing to" its, chemical and -mechanical properties, it has an ever increasing field of usefulness.' Used as an absorbent for nitro-glycerine, it produces
dynamite. Used with clay and buhi-
ed, it produces "a terra-cotta brick
full.of small cavities that, owing to
its lightness and its properties as' a
non-conductor, makes,/excellent ' fir«
proof material for partition walls.
Treating it,',with fused caustic alkali
•y*?""?"*!*^!**?^*******^^ ..- ■'.-.■ .'.-.X
"produces. oxalic"acfd_ Tfeaflng it"
with sulphuric acid and fermenting
the sugar so formed produces alcohol. Mixed with a suitable binder
and compressed it can be used* for
.making mouldings,and Imitation carvings, while If mixed with Portland
cement, It produces a flooring material
It is an excellent packing material
for fragile articles and for dangerous
explosives and can be used as packing in walls to make .them sound proof
and cold. proof.
ALTOFTS COAL
DUST   .
EXPERIMENT
In the official report of the oxporl-
mpntH conducted at Altofts Colliery
during tho pnRt two or throo. years, to
ascertain tlio phonomonn of conl dust
explosions, the Yorkshire Post notes
this Important statement: "The fact
that coal dust ln tho comploto absence
of flro dnmp Ib explosive when ralBcd
or a cloud In tho nlr and Ignited, hns,
In tho opinion of nil ,who hnvo wltnoRB-
od tlio experiments, boon definitely ob-
tnhllHliod. Tho Information wliich tho
Itoynl CommlRfiloT) on Accidents In
MI110B doBlreil tho momborH of tlio
Mining Afisnrlntlnii hnn Muir hoon nb-
tninod, niul tho controversy which hnR
existed for moro llinn n qiinrtor of a
century linn been finally Hot nt rent
Tho oontrovomy Ih, iuilood, of much
longor H.nuding thnn 11 qiinrtor of n
7.TRYING   OUT   OIL   FUEL
Dans noa articles "Choaea ot AutroR"
r.iv.u avons wpvim-i- x.uito opinion dot,
• auffragottoa do I_ondre«.
N*nii» Ron-im--"- .1'avIh quo loom fn.*-
Ihod-Ni font rMiirl-M** t-t 1i>tidi*nt « nl-
,  ldner la caune ftmlnlno dos person-
• ne* nol y f-^raVnt frajrn/s   par   des
\ nn*ihod-»a plus rnllonnollra.
,   Mais noti* no pouvon* quo protas-
U>r do touto* not force* contro la md-
Mind? ftlhl-? miii-*, liter cho by dio
John.oyn^flkn ImMy za proMiodnllio
innlniliii pnvnZovnl, OblicoJ jomny
Mrk;' n blod*. *i li*. oCic'i nnimdno Jost.
r.**>e. io nouRtalo nckHiIno kolom ac-
. ,*.,-* V-M ,,*-l **,        "
.,_    ,. ....m*.        ...... *    ..,*.,-*    ,.,_>«.........   ....
I.iit.011, \nYn Mi,-. 1 Vter? V.rrtlM fir nil
plndtnu Rliinti. nnob Jnko by oKokavul
odnokurt rnnu, Tnkd nesmftl? uemoy
prlpornlna. na urednlka ancb jinafc na
dobro dlBclpllnovnndho dlovdlta; to by
on imm byl vclllcym pnnom. nlkdo by n
VoJIkJ* Je«t to pan — pravda — ale
neuntnlo vo strnchu prod vdlSlni.
Noimlrnn Jest rlRo, ktore mind? tento -Elovok veil. NftplndnA vfceml dlvy
prirody a poklndy avfitn a nojhlubli
bldou. Nam jaki takS Bvobodnfm
r.vfi,{„vr,,Vri Jbi.» talo Din iom\ ,n-iijhft-
dnnkovitdjilch protlv. rt-ml tajemrtvl.
Viuic leu. lc '-:u (am uut*U..l iiojtud-
horni'jltl xamky a iieJIiroiri^J-ii ialare
n« tomfo av-MA. Vlme Jen. to hranlco
((.to tem£ i$oa bedllvt<,ma\Ttny, aby
ani nejmonii paprnok duievnlho t-ilDn.
ncpadl na lid tamn-AJil. do on-. ne|iro-
"IN  THE   GOOD  OLD  TIMES".?)
After a thorough investigation hy
an expert for more than a yenr, the
Great Northorn haB decided„to utilize
oil for fuel on practically nil its locomotives wost of Leavenworth, Wash,,
in tho Cascade Mountains. It will
tako an immense amount, of money to
equip the locomotives with now burners and install tho tank facilities nlong
the system, but, lt hns been' figured
that a ,blg saving cnn be offectod In
tho long run, Much economy cnn bo
realized In fuol nlono, while tho d'rt
nnd smoko lncldont, to conl consumption will ho eliminated.
Official nnnoiiiicemont, ,of tho plnn
was mado rocontly. It wns said that
the work will bo carried on with great
expediency, ro that within a comparatively short tlmo oil onglnr-R will bo In
-_cr*lcr- ob fm; enst aH Spokano. Wnsh.
Crude ■jotroloum oil will hi shipped from tlin f.nldfl of California by
l'Diits to !lm (Ico.ltr. nt. Everett, Wp.bIi,
The boats will carry from 25,000 to
!i",flO(* hnwlf. on'a trip, Tli**r-) ninin
Biorago tnnliK, with a eombiii'-.l cnpnyl-
ty 01 7.000-100,000 gallon.*, nro lo iio
orooud nl FuMV-tt. Thn nil will hn
puiupod out or Uio bonln Inlo n plpo
lino 1,000 tod in length. Tlio rost
of handling tiiiH fuol In munII comi'it)-*-
od wllh conl, effecting 11 gront saving
In (riinsportntlon.
Numerous, small t.mkH for tlin Ktor-
Quarterly- Dividend Notice
Notico is hereby given that a dividend at the rate of SIX
PER CENT. per.annum has been declared upon the paid-up
capital stock of the Home'Bank of Canada . for the three
months ending the 30tn day of November, 1910, and the same
will be payable at the Head Office or'any branches of the
Home Bank on and after Thursday, the First day of December next, -,      " .■ '
The transfer books will be closed from the 16th to the 30th
. day of November, 1910, .both days inclusive. '■''    ' - ~
By order of the Board.
Toronto, October 26th.
JAMES MASON,
General Manager.
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
imm^mmvmm
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings •-.
BAKER   AVENUE
BRANCH AT  HOSMER," B.C.
century.    More thnn n huudiod yours
liKO, John Iluddlo, nn omliionl Norlh -nun of oil will   ho en'ctpd nt Mlffon-nl
Nowhere In the Pane can be
found
SUCH k DISPLAY
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Venl, Poultry, Butter,
EflOd, Fish, "Imperntor Hnme
and Bacon" Lord, Sausages,
Welnersimd 8nuer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Ferriie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
Beer
and
Porter
i Bottled Goods a Specialty
STONE ROOT
COMPOUND
is ennily the best Kidney and
Liver remedy v.c hayc ever
sold. Wc know what's in it nnd
1   can cheerfully recommend it.
of Knglnnri mlnliiK (-m-lnocr, miHpoctcil
thnt conl (hint wiih <>xi*1obIvo, In hin
roport of n WnllHoml illHUHti-r ho Hint-
oil thnt 'tho Kiirvlvoi-H, who woro tho
innHt (llBtnnt from tlio point of ox*
ploHloii, wnro burni-d by tho Hhowor of
rod-hot RpnrliR which wr-ro driven nlonf.
by tho forco of tlio oxploslon. How
tho diiHl wnH IkiiHpiI wnn then, nnd for
n lonn tlmo nflnr, n piir.xlo, nnd until
In-dny inlnlti-. HcifiillxtH hnv-r* dlHputi-il
ovor It. II iippciirH ihnt (llnpiito in
nn lotmor ponHililn. Thn Altofts ox-
porlmontH willed rmvp from tlmo to
tlmo b«on doHcrllicd, hnvrt In tlio JtidK*
j mont of mnny emlm-nt ininlnu oxporls
CiihhpII'h "I.lfo nnrt History of Qii.>i.'ii
Vlctnrln," on pngo H3 of vol, I.
"flucl. wn» tho caso vlth tho woiU*
or* In mlnoH nnd colllorlos. nn Innulrv I prnvod br»vnnd ntioiiliin ihnt mix iin«i
into wiioso Mtnto wan conducted by  n
i.,'.'....1...',,',.<•..*,  Iliiw.'-t, »V.iVJi i Wtio JluililnlV
point rf almii. tho wr>sl mul of tlio nyn
ton, until thoy will lm iik coinnion hh|
wntor Unks nrn nt prcnont. j
Tlio KrntoM on llTi IncnmotlvoH nr»»;
to ho roninvml nnd rnjilnccil with nil
burners, IiivoIvIiik conK'doinhlo lnbor
In tlio.Bhopfl nt lhe wiHt end. This
covorH prnctlcnlly nil thn niotlvo power of tho firent Northern went of lho
(.'[.hciuIps nnd will tiiclmlo hwKcIi vn-
-kIiicn.
Phone 66
tmmm
ADTlhlnr
you buy
Wllh lh*
BUS*
Sold and -fuaranUed by       HU
List of Locals District 18
KEON  AND SOCIALISTS
HAVE A Old LAUGH
(iHArTON, III-.lohn .1. Keori^ tho
•Unclill** wiin li'iti Xronl in l'itl tVI't'.-iii''
(hani« Inaimiatlon do C. ..... Mcme'nlknnteln-* tmy. tlmo, le nadnt* 41-
ed In «ho onrly part ot 1812. It up*
ponr-ml from this roport thnt In somo
nf (lie conl mines, women nnd girls
woro omployed ns honsts of bunion.
Hy mennn of n chnln Tin-nsim*** biMwecn
the ice**, And conncc[c-(} with &
strapped nround their wnlsts, they
wero compelled lo drnj. to nnd fro on
hands and knees, am] often for fourteen or sixteen hours ft day, trucks
heavily laden wltb coal, through pa"*
sages too low to permit of these per-
sons go ng upright. They wero nearly naked, their clothM r*nnslstln«r of
u-iUtliiK tnoro (ban n pair ol trounf-ri
made of sacklm.. Tbelr Ixwlles wero
enmiit-r. with the urirno of Dw i-on\
dual, and many wotit rompletelv nn-
««>iifitlI and prentnu-tl il,«_nU that t.i-to
aa flat aa thnao ot thi** min. Ily tar
the greater part of their Urea wan
NO.
2D
tHI
-131
ill ill.
010
137S
2633
2227
2378
conlnliiH within ItHnir Rnsea which, If I week* boemmn he refused to pay Wh '
iKuiit'ii, »u> by u muiiy ahot or tho ex*i poli mx, hns » IiiukIi nmiiin. on (hu:
posuie of a flume nt tho, moment of,<it>'. wl-hh Iui* repealed the tnx. ,
snmo lorttl «r_.m«-lmn*ce, may pr-(wl«ce Keon. bsefced hy the state or.^.til/a-
nn explosion terrlblo In Ita coiifle*iu-' Hon of Ihe Soelnllst Pnrty. mndo n
enceH, ni* nn explosion oawnod hy f|re-|««ron»? fi..ht ngnlnnt Ihe effort to cob
..ntlffl    t.1'IV   1.«>   Ilill-l-utftorf     ,'.,"-..     .....-, 1     tr.r.l    iX-r    •••'
bell to bliixo tlii'uuuliuiK tbo worklnga byj Wben be wim ordered to pay It or
cool dust raised by tho explosion It- C,o xo jail, be went to jail,
self. Thin, ihen, la tho fearful dls-j He was then ordered to pay or Kiay
covery. Happily, tho InveHtlgntorn J In Jnll. nnd ho fllnyed In Jnll.
hnvo not been content with prov-oK! Hit wna then aakod lo pleano pny audi 12W
Ihnt horses mny be atolen If stable'Ket out of Jail, because It was cosilna: I it<07
doors nro left open. Thankx xorv' Mie e'fv* co much lo collerf ihnl $l,f.o'
lurui-ly to tlio oxpL-iiciire and Iho ln*jP<>U ta\. Ki-on aiayeil tn jail. Il»-
ltfntlv« of Mr. VV. R. Oarforth. who ■ mnde nn lh**ne of the poll tax. refn.ilnir
hns throuRhout ori'nnlr/(M) the experl-' after hi* ■*•«>" In Jail lo p:v> iln* lav
mont*. tliey hnve sUi'lled, with <>ntou.| ngnln tld* _'■■>'•
aelne re««lfs, Dw <-:ir>Tt-mt> que-n'o-n of A file >*l uiiVtio**n tn K«-«.n p.d-1 I-
bnw to eloso tbe --f.ible door. Flvn for li!ti> Tln-n the tin* f:ifln'f>t in* r
and twenty j-i-nn- :■.:■*> thero wna a «rr- nvnl lie.!'!. I «o r«»f»eal the ia».
Imtn eyplOK.f.-n |., i.- VMdn tti'.rw. -nn- Tl«,■*(.*.' V.K'*i hi.il X..t- Jr-val $ot'..,'.
doubtedly lut-hti-Nir -r.l  by tfu» lirnlffnn   fnfi art- ""-<h nmontd.
2I7H
2388
23M
ior.n
57-t
ma
2&2D
2331
srtr.a
sss»
lft.',>
Corrected hy nistrlct Bocrotnry up to November 11', IfllO.
NAME 8EC. AND P, O. ADDRESS.
UnnklioiH!  ....    !•'. Whenth-y. Ilnnkiiend Altn.
llenvor Creole .. W. Wnlsoii, lU-nver t-rei-k, vh» riiuiu-r.
llellovuo    I- Uu.lt*", llelloviio, Frnnk, Aim.
Illiilriiinre Intnea Turnbull. Hlnlrmoro, Albeiin.
llurmli ...;.... Thomaa (IroKory, Ilnrmls, Alto.
Cnnmoro I. Neil, Cnnmoro, Alia.
Colomnn    W. (Jrnhnm, t.olemaii, Alta.
Cnrbonilftlo   D.  M.  Davlea. Carbondalo, Colemnn, Altn.
Cardiff  I- Hucklns, Cardiff, Aim.
t*. ... <>    • ■"^^7   ,'•   '7
TMamnnil City .. (JeorKO Hlmilffo, Diamond City, I^lbrldRO.
Edmonlon   ..... M. Ilonlc, 43*1 homo stroot, Norwood, Kdmonton.
Fernio ,...'..... ». Rcos, Fernie, R C.
Frank ••<•. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
Hosmor  J* Ayie_ Ilosmor, H. C
tllUtitil    J   *•■-. Ji.i.»..v. IHUc.--.-i'. Al'.a.
LethbrillKO  1-    Moore,    P.O.    Uox    113.   I.ethbrldRO.
1.11)0   W. h. Kvan«. Mile. Frattlt. Aita.
Maplo Uaf .... M.  Oilday.  Maple  Leaf,  llelbnti'*. Alta.
Michel  M. Hunt]], Mlrl. .. ll   ..
Passbmir      llnrry Smith, PaMl-nrir. Al'.i
Itoynl Collieries. Jamea MrKlidey, Ito:-al <'<>lll<ry, l_»-ihbtld(<e, Alta.
Tal-er  V.'.U«,**rr_ HbjmH. TtA tt, V.u.
Tnt*er    1~  UroWH,  Tuber,  Alta. PAOBHJaffT
nOIKBVB-ff
3. e„ iunajkxtii, mi
ri
HERE AND THERE
Kefoury' Bros.. w«*» brought bsfor-*
tho cadi for a breach of tho municipal
clause act In "keeping opon' after hours.
'   Mr.   Munch,   the  representative .of
N the Canadian Oil Co.. whosa h-Md-auar-
v tera ar» at Calgary, la a Fernie visitor
thla week. ' ■ ."       ■   .
-, O. S.Ford, Inspector for the Dominion Express Co., was a guest of Jack
,Low, the general local agent, this
week.
. Two additions..to Fernie's census
o made their appearance this week: To
Mr. and Mrs. Con. Whelan—a son; and
likewise a member of the same sex arrived at. the home of Mr. and Mrs.'
Tony Koski.
The annual gathering, accompanied
liy a supper, given under the auspices
of the Fernie Co-Operative, bids fair
to be, one of the events of the season,
but owing to the weather conditions it
has been decided to postpone it until
the,24th, of which all are requested to
■    take due note.
While on his way to assist the in-
, , in
vestigation of conditions in the Annex
Fire Chief McDougall had the mis for-
UR«e COAL TAX TO
AID MINE VICTIMS
CempMtMtlan. Aet Would Carry One
, : r»ir CanjV _-»vy—Support- Child   „
7 -.'".-' /_'.. Labor till .
.-Indiana mine1 worker* will urge the
Indiana legislature to paaa a compen-
'iatlom and labor; pension' act, providing for/- tax.ofjj per cent on the output of Indiana coal mines, to he collected by tho state, and.to be apportioned by the state ln the event ofthe
loss of life or limb by mine^accidents.
The act would tax other industries at
the same rate for a*like purpose.
President W. D. Van Horn of District' No. 11, Tecently appointed a
legislative committee, and this committee has issued a statement setting
out its.plans" for. the legislative session. * _- y
Pledged to Child Labor Bill
Indiana mine workers are pledged to
urge, the child labor bill, now being
prepared by Professor V- G. Weather-
ly of Indiana University.-,
The legislative committee of the Indiana mine workers will favor a unm-"
ber of measures other than those directly in behalf of men in the mining
industry. -, The miners desire a'law
toqireveut boy*messengers being sent
to disorderly reports in citlees.' They
tune to be jolted off tho wagon, and would set the age at eighteen for night
BIGGEST HOLD-UP
IN PASS DISTRICT
(Continued from  Page (1};, . _
catching his foot in the traces before
he could extricate himself received
several nasty kicks from ihe startled
steed, which compelled hlm to lay off!
messenger service. For boys in mines
they fix the ngo at'six£een,_and.would
provide for better testimony as to.age
for   several   days,
bones were broken.
Fortunately ■ no
HAT   FREE   WITH   SUIT
For One Week.
To overy purchaser of a child'.*; or
ladies' coat or suit (costing $r>.0,1. a
bat will be given free.
Miss EULER
LADIES'   AID-
-METHODIST
CHURCH
All difficulties of transportation will
be overcome' on the 2(5th when' the
yearlyeinternational sleigh Vide which
starts from the .Methodist Church on
its trip visiting en route all the principal countries of the world.
Don't -?oi'set--janfiai-y12i>ih. '
JOE LEAVES US
rt. .1. Wood, who has heen for some
time-past iu the employ of N^W-Sucl-
ilaby, hits * accepted a position with
Bulnian Bros... Winnipeg, stationers
and lithographers, and lonpcs for his
new' field of labor oii Monday to join
the great army of bagmen. He. will
represent the above-named firm in Al-j :
lierta and U. C. 'He carries with him j_,hn|,
thc best.w'shes of-all who_Hpo*-v .*•"-.
* and1 hopes that he may be. successful,
an important Eastern divisional point,
On one track we note the pride of
the company. "The Flyer,"-'"with its
wings flgmatlvely speaking clipped to
the, bone, while the "ordinary7,passenger looks so doleful * that - th§
"Knight of the Rueful.' Countenance,!. ..would appear an optimist, in
comparison: On another track" the
gigantic God of the Butteniskis' has
lost his symbolism after fight's tbat
can best be described as epic, biit
the grimvisaged warrior at, tbe throttle
though often rebuffed will not* acknowledge defeat, and out steams .the snow-
plow again. ' A huge eight wheeler,
who has evidently had a fit of insubordination and balked against facing the
storm, politely-walks off the rails, and.
a host of ear protected, hand mittened
section iperiarediligently endeavoringto
replace the refractory sphinx-like lo^
comotive. The railroad employees in
every department are bending every
effort to overcome the fearful grip
that the Storm and Ice King has upon
traffic, and thero is no doubt that combined effort will wrench his tentacles
free, and ore long the fight of,January 1911 wlll.be listed among the has
beens.
COAL  MINERS  NEEDING COAL
ON   TO  COLUMBUS
The representatives of the U. -M. \V.
of A., District IS, who will attend the
"International   Convention   to. be   held
. at Columbus,, Ohio, January.171b, are;.
W, D. Powell, president,-Coleman; A
J. Carter, sec.-treiis., Fornie;  Charles
Garner, inter, board member, Michel;
John  0.  Jones,  dist. board' member,
Hillcrest;' David flees, secretary Pernio local;Thos.'G. Harries, president,
Michel "local;    J.    Larson, president,
L,ethbridgo  local;   — Perkins,   Bnnk-
head locnl.
Thc Mayor (Sherwood Hwehmcr) accompanied by'Chief, of Police It'Clerke
made a visit to the Annex with a v'ew
to ascertaining the conditiohii of the
residents of Unit portion of the city.
It was found that in co_is*e<_uence of
the suddenness of thc storm quite a
number -were unprepared, and as a
result, food' has been* distributed to relieve,* 'in ..least temporarily,
those.in,the most pressing need. Fuel
however, was badly needed by many,
ill's in itself is a sad commentary on
our boasted progress. . Tn a community where the principal' industry js
mining, thegreatest sufferers,' because
of tho absence of coal from.their sheds
and' cellars, are tlie men who have
dug it. .He who runs should be ablo
to.'read,'but nnformuntely "'a few
twinges of sympathy tire experienced
and th'en incidents like'these passinto
forgctfuluess, The human family con
tains many who are blinder
proverbial bai, yet pr'do
i upon (heir intelligence! . Save .the
| "mark, and even  when  a brick house
__^         ! falls'-upon',Ihem, only take' a physical-
.       .        _r____.—^     i tumble-while remaining mentally  as
bar of parents who may be, over-1 dumb as granite.     Here's a'little'food
willing-ltp, permit -younger, boys _ -to j for reflection.*    The hills' around  us
,\\:ork.,   ," *•   - ".,'7'''    '■   [ contain'a bounteous store of heat-gi'v-
''As'lo'minins laws the miners wo.uld i lug properties;   men dig'into the ca-
rr-miiYe  two ih'nf^s which  have been l vernous recesses and, are paid wasos;
"oppoR.niy-opofatorsriinr^ ironr
which have been obtained'in Illinois
,G. G, HENDER3CN .
Elected School Trustee-for  .'.-HI-
family conn fc
er* than the, C
themselves   J;<
BAPTIST CHURCH
J.'ov Thomson visited his wife und
family at Robson during tbe wcok. Ho
will occupy his own.pulpit here on
Sunday all day.   "
On Monday evening Key. Harknosfi,
General Supt. of Baptist M'.srIohh In
tho Wost, from Winnipeg, will vl.nl
tho congregation, and hopes to moot
a goodly number to talk ovor emirch
mnttors generally. Light refreshments
will bo served, * .
HOME
AGAIN AFTER
SEVEN YEAR8» ABSENCE
W. A ThrftBhor, who hns for uomo]
tlmo past, been on tho dispensing staff
of our locnl druggist, Mr, N. 13. Suddaby, left this wook for  a visit to
his old homo In Pembroke, Ont.
Tho hockey boys will miss him, ns
ho Ir n graceful stlck-wloldor, find ro*
grots aro expressed nt his dopartiiro.
All who know him oxprosH tho hope
thnt his visit homo will bo nn exceedingly onjoynblo mm, and Hint ho may
bo tho wlniior of tlio nutomohllo
Rlvon by lho Fernio Stotini Lnundry.
Tho Jnmmry chimco fell to hlm nt, tlio
Fornio Opera House Monday tho ilth,
BORN
nHNTIIAM-On January llnl, I'ill.
In Fornio. 11.0., to tho wlfo a, llnnvy
llenthiiin—n hoii.
Examination of Miners
."Ono of "these laws would make" the
operators pay the shot i'lrers and the
other would rei-uire miners to pass
examinations by a local board of examiners to be appointed by judges of
circuit' courts.
In lllino's this lnw' was found'to
result practically.In creating a "closed shop" condition.' The "closed
shop" now exists in Indiana, but In
tliri event of a striko it would'be possible to bring in non-union men *-*Iioulcl
the operators desire to make such n
fight. The bonrd of oxamlners, almost as a mattor of course, would be
made up of! union mltierH.nwl in nny
c.-.enl the new men could not bg.rendy
for work for some lime rfior tho operators bad deo'dod to employ thom.
The miners' commit to will join legislative committees of othor industries liinn effort* lo pblnln. a liability n.ensure.    .
The miners' legislative , commltteo
bus organized w'tli Wllllnn Groon ef
'J'erro Haute, chnlrman,     Tho other
j members nro Herbert Hutchinson   of
I Went Torre Hmito nnd James A Wed'
soo of Vieksburg. Ind. -
  ..     .-__-___-_t>i ___',»_>__/_.il\- n .
'-Q-ppi.l_n.-i. U3.t-'~tFi--^niJ*Ji-Lcifc,v;—"■-■—--"* "--**--* "—"--.j——
few shifts weekly aro necessary to
fill these orders. The result-is the
pay.envelope is very thin, and in order
to make it; go as .far as possible purchases are made ovi a homoepathic
scale. Severe weather like Hie-present finds many with small larders
and depleted coal. supplies. ; Then
charity steps in "thp broach. 'What
does It all mean? ' Simply th's, that
the profit mongers must have their
toll before human needs-are thought of
and lis the'signs aro so persistently
ignored by those-.affected, \\'lio cry
out about tlioir stifforiijg whilo putting
forth no effort to remedy the cause,
thoy to whom the benefits accrue, in
the shape of profit, would Indeed bo
foolish to toll the roal producers of it, i
that to coaso their present tactics Is ,
lho real remedy, j
The polico authorities have been j
busy with city work, and gangs, of
men have boon shoveling snow, but
there aro no eases written up this week
on th'o criminal docket and only ono
ease of a man seeking tho shelter of
the City Dnstllo.
MAIL DELAYED
HOCKEY
Wo lmvo boon forvontly hoping that
wo should hnvo been enabled to chronicle a roport showing our locnl puck
ni'tlstoB Iuul covorod thomsclvos with
glory, minus brulHos, lu thoir gnmo
wllh thoir oppononts of tho birnimn belt
Tlio mntch, whleh wor schodtilol for
Wednesday night, ut Crnnbrook, was
forcibly postponed by Inability to
rench that point, They, howovor, stic-
eooded In getting nwny to-day {Frldny), when thoro Is not tho slightest
doubt n lively gnmri will ensue, nnd
iho locnl team como homo with laurels
(TOWIIOd,
» As nn ovulon*"!? o? thn heavy work
resulting from tho Interruption of
traffic, wo notod on tho stroot to-.Uv
thnt il reqtilord a lnrgo slolgh. whoso
con ton tn woro hoapod high, und every
pound of energy containod by two
horses to transport tho delayed lottors
nnd pnpors from tho C.P.R. station to
tho P.O.
If r*. nny tlmo you Imv..- nny Items
thnt you think m.iy ho of public intorost wo wnuld bo pleased to hnvo
you furnish us wllh snmo, To those
residing In tlio cily tho only troiiblo
ontallod will bo to call up tho Central
and ask llio courteous ^porator for -18
Hioho* residing outsldo of oFrnlo tnny
ubo pen nml Ink and drop uh a lino—
wo will do tho rost. •
WANTED
WANTF.n-Rlronn, Willing Girl, for
kitchen work. Apply, Matron. Hospital. 11-n.p
FOU HUNT—Two or throo rooms
Nitltablo fur hniiHr-keopIiiK.'* Apply,
W. Minton LlndHoy Avo,, Fornio, Annex. 2IMI.
ITOURM TO IlfiMT IN West Fornio,
-I rooms; rent $10. Apply, P. 0„ Uox
IOH), Fornio.
..... t,.i,L..,.     lit      ..........        ........
Mil* MAE OEOROE, Comedienne, who will appear nt the
Grand Thtatro on Saturday night.
to rent every evenlntr «xeept Rnndav
find Thursilay.i Hiiilnhlo for eonrorts,
HtnokorH. dnnclnR, lectures, otc. For
terms, etc., npply to I). Hees, Socrotnry, Olndstono Locnl, Fornio,
\C\i'L\    iii£_s"ir—_It._,._..uiii      *M_.ki**Ji<_i_
Minors' Block, olther whole or part o!
storo.-—Apply, D. Rcen, P. 0, 381,
Fornio, II. C.
,,T_OflT—Trannfer Card No. HI, nook
No. lOr.flfl, liRiiod from Frank Tx>cal ori
Sept. 2Cth, 1310. Finder pleano return tn fleo. Nlri.1, flecretary, Frank
Local, Frnnk, Altn.
HELP  WANTEO-MALE.      \\
Hoy, 14 year* or nr,n, honeit arfd
IndiiRtrioiiH iieeV* employm**"--*-*   Da-fld
Thornton, Old Ita-r^tl-M (ground, fad
Sale-A Money
Ladies' one-piece Dresses to be sold regardless of cost or-
profit. .."We have an immense assortment., oil Ladies' one--,
piece Dresses. Made from. serges,* panamas,.; Venetians,
broadcloth, shepherd checks and fancy tweed effects. Trimm-,
ed with soutache braids with hobble overskirts and pleated
skirts.    All colors ...'»*''
Regular $12.00. Sale Price ?'8.50    •
Regular $15.00 Sale Price $11.75    ,-1    '.
'   Regular $17.50 Sale Price $13.45  .
•     Regular $21.00 Sale Price' $15.75
Children's Wool Dresses made from all-wool serges, pan*
amas,''Venetians. r,   Made in a variety of styles, including^
sailor dresses; trimmed with blue and white military braids.
Sale Price.$2.15 to $5.75
-Boys' and Girls7all-wool T        ..in navy, brown, red an_
i*white: *  -o   -   .■ ■•■■°"„   '- .    - *,' ."-"•;■ '   ■
Regular 35c.
.ale Price" 25c.
Ladies' and,Girls' wool Gloves in plain and fancy effects
, Regular 25c.    „ Sale Price 15c
..7 Boys'" and "Girls' all.wool Stockings .in a wide' rib'* and
made from long wool. '   A,stocking that is warm, and will
'. t '      '        . * - ' ~> i* "
^ive the best .satisfaction.'* „ '■> ■    ,        \
Regular 60c.   ' * Sale Price 45c
Ladies' all-tiyool Skirts; made i'ro'm Venetian,-panama and-
l)i*0!*idcloth. in the season's latest styles.
, Sale Price $1.75 to $8.00
Ladies' black siitoen Underskirts; made from good quality sateen with deep fourteen inch flounce; with plenty of
shirring and tucks."        * '        ,'    *        . ■ ■ ■    •      «
,*- - ■ -. ' t ,       '
Regular $1,25     Sale Price 95c.
" Ladies' AYliiteFhumeletle Gowiis; made from heavy Eng'-,
lisli Flannelette wiih embroidered collar, cuffs   ancl * front.
All .sizes. *' \
Regular $1.50 ,   Sale^Price 95c. ,'
An assortment of fine Valenciennes' and Linen Torchon
Laces and Insertions       . ■' .".'_*
Regular Sc. 10c, .12 1-2 c.    .Sale Price, 6 yards for 25c.
■  One If-, of Valenciennes I_a.*r*' and Insortion, in-an nssort-
inenl, of widths and paltcrns. • •*■ -    -.
Ro'guhir 5c.     Sale Price 2- yards for 5c.
A clearing of a)l line of'Felt and Leather'Slippers   '
Sale Price 80c to $2.35     ,*
.    Every pair of Boots and Shoes specially-priced for   this
.special sale event.   Get the benefit.  -   *      ■*.,   .        ','•',
'-.IBritannia"call-wool Underwear; spliced scats, knees and
elbowSj^and. warrant ed, unshrinkable.       - *   , _   ,
Regular $3.00 per suit      Sale Price $2.25 per suit    ■
.Finest quality elastic ribbed natural wool Underwear, perfect fitting and guaranteed unshrinkable.
'   *, Sale Price $2.55 per suit
12 Pieces-ofFlauni'lolte Embroidery.     Ruilable for (rimming skirls, gowns and underwear; iu. pink, blue, and white
Regular 12 .1-2 e._ and- 15c. per-yard ■ Sale Price 10c. yard
16 Pieces of Cotton i^inbroidory.-in various widths and patterns.'
' ReguM* Sc. 10c, 12 3-2c por yard     Sale Price 5c. yard.
" -A* clearing of,this season's Stetson Hats to make roonfior
our spring delivery.     All the popular shapes and'.colors,, to
choose from, •   *. , • ■      '. „ ■ .,
.Sale Price $3.45
alues
Clo-
ou - a,
ly.-lo-
Ladics' Colored 'Wrappcrctte AVais'ts in a-variety oi: styles
aiid pattern's.    -   ', *'  •*" -     -*   * *    °- -. - ■■''
"'' '.      Regular $1.00 to $1.25.    Sale Price 75c.
' An assortment of Children's' Bbunels,.Muffs, Stoles. Wool
Overalls and Leggings ^ ' .*   i
Regular prices _65c. to 75c. • Sale' Price, "y°ur choice, 45c.
;    A special'niess-jge/to men concerning tlie special "v
now* being offered'in "Fit Reform'^'and .-'Faultless"
1 tiling.      New sason's models and patterns, insuring y
wide range, of alvl that is best in Men's high grade Rent
wear.   "     ',; . „
-■] _t' Ref<3rm/ Regular $25.00   Special $19.50
'   1 _{,. Reform. Reg'ular $22.00    Special, $17.25 '
."   '■     Fif Reform, Regular $18.00    Special $13.75
'   „    Faultless.'     Regular $16.50   Special1 $12,25
, ■  -7 ..Faultless.       Regular $12,50* Special ,$ 9,50"
l;      'Faultless,;.     Regular $10.25    Special'?. 8.25
, Guai'antced all-wool grey double Blankets;-full "size and
seven ponnda'Jn'.weight. A blaukel at our spccial-.'sale
price lower thaii lhe factory price to-day, -'
..'     "     Reguiar'-,$3:25 to $3,50   S'ale -Price^ $2.65 .*.     ' "
White "Wool Shawls, suitable for-Lndies and "Children.,
some all wool, others silk and .wool.      •  i- •   - *
Regular $1.75 to $2,00..  Sale Price,'$1.45   „
Ladies' Winter Coats in'the season's latest materials and'
trimmings. Iii plain and trimmed effects; made from
broadcloth, beavers and wool tweeds.
Regular $10.00
Regular $12.50
Regular $.13.50
Regular $15,00
Regular $20.00
Sale Price $4 85
Sale Price $ 7.45
Sale Price $ 8.75
Sale Price $ 9.90
Sale Price $14.90
Children's Winter Coats made in a large variety of styles
Trimmed with buttons, velvet pipings and military braids.
Made from-Beaver, Cheviots and avooI Tweeds.    All-sizes.
$2.90 to, $7.50        ,     .
. JMcn's _ eckwear.-ni a,pleasing" variety of plain ami fancy
colors.     Won't last long at the sale-price, so hurry! ,.
■*. .Your Choice 20c.     ,  ,.7,7
Men's all-wool woyking Socks, shaped leg, spliced  heel
and toe; a sock that will stand all kinds of hard wear, '
.   -     Regular, 25c.   Sale Price 5 pairs 95c
'/Men's Negligee Shirts, in fine zephyrs, cambrics and out-,
ing flannel; of the well-known ' W.G and R,' 'Crescent.' and
uTooke" manufacture.
"   Regular $1.25 and $1.50   Sale Price 65c.
Men's fine Irish lawn Handkerchiefs, hemstitched, borders
Regular. 2 i'or 25c.   Sale Price 2 for 15c
Our entire.stock ,of Ladies' ITand-tivilored Suits at,"loss
than factory cost*. All this ,senson''s goods; mado up in the
latest styles. Some plain, others trjmmed with braids and
buttons, with satin collars; in nil the season's novelty cloths,
Venetians, cheviots and serge. Of course at tlio sale
prices altering will be charged for.
. Regular $12.50      Sale Prico $ 9.45
Regular $13.50
Regular $18.00
Regulnr $22.50
Regular $25,00
Sale Prico $ 9.75
Sale Prico $13.05
Salo Prico $17.45
Salo Prico $18.50
Ladies' nll-wool Undei'vests; mnde from   fine   imported
wool witli shaped body.   , Finished with silk "facings.
Regulnr $1.25        Sale Prico 85o.
Lnilic'R' all-wool TIikIoi'vohIs nnd Drawers, superior quality wool; form fitting,
Regular $1.*10    Salo Prico $1.00
Men's Duck sheepskin-lined Coats, high wombat storm collar
a coat unequalled for warmth and comfort,   -
Regular $(5.25   Sale Prico $4,25
Mackinaw Coats, your choice, of several styles and trimmings, among which will be found the following:
An extra heavy grey wool, a heavy black mackinaw, leather trimmed; superior quality black Mackinaw, trimmed with
red piping, vory stiitable for curling and skating.
All Regular $6.75      Salo Prioo-$5,65
White Bod Spreads, in lnrgo double bed size; froo from
dressing.
Regular $1.75   ,    Salo Prlco $1.35
Wilton, Brussels find AxmiiiHtor Cnrpnt-s, in n range of patterns nud His.es lo Niiit nil, More price ami figures give
hni a poor iden of linn i.xci'ptioiml values now offorod, Examine tlio specinl cream sale lags,   Second floor.
Men'N Fleece-lined Ilndorwcarj extra quality fleece,
Sale Prico, 05o, por suit
EXAMINE THE CREAM SALE TAG*
Special Furnituro values that it will  pny  you   to   inves-
gnle,    Every piece on tho floor is reduced iii price- all the
way from Iwonly-fivo to fifty por cent.     Wa invito your
inspection, and mention hut three items ns a sample of the
good values here to hu found during this special snlo,
Set of Diners; cnvly English finish, lenthor upholstered
sonts beautiful designs nnd quality,
Regular $'28.00    Salo Prlco $10.50
Surface Oak Dresser and WiihIi Stand. Dresser has tliree
drawors, bevel mirror 1!) x 10; host woi-Uinimsliip nud mn-
lorial throughout,
Regular $14.ff0    Salo Prico for 2 piocos $0,60
*
FincHl q nnl ity Brnss Bed, two inch jmsts, fioth polished
find sntin finish to selcel from,
Regular $10,00    Salo Prico $20,50
A RETROSPECT
A mattor ol! six years ago in an effort to distribute reliable merchandise at thc lowest possiblo cost to you, we
rh^-n-*""! our (-tv-dr-m flfr.ft.n-y huninnnfl from a credit to a cash one, In this space of timo our businoau hns inoroiuod
nigh-fold so that it oan safely be said tbat the change has boen not only sucoossful but mutually satisfactory.
Wo buy for strictly cash, receiving in all cases tho'most favorable cash prices, and cash discounts.    With tho exception
of hotels and business firms with whom we have contra accounts, wo soil for strictly cash,   thus   eliminating  losses
through bad dobts, the hoavy offioo oxponsos of booje-kecping and collecting... Por this reason we are ablo to give you.
bigger and bottor valuos than all others, for it is woll known that credit buyers pay not only thoir own account at the credit
itore but tiu&ii." ptypotlkm of <&_ bill* Ui* uup&U bj oluCi'i,
At times some of our patrons find our System inconvoniont,, in the sending of cash with a messongor, when making
purchases ^Xo suoh wo collect upon delivery;   Somo pay by cheque, and for Bmall purchases this is not always convenient.
To one and all we suggest our DEP08IT ACCOUNT SYSTEM, where your monoy earns moro than by lying in the
local savings bank. This method is simple, accurate, and convenient, Deposit a sufflclont sum to cover your esti-
mated requirements for the month; we charge all purchase! against suoh deposits and allow six per cont interest on the
amount denotj&e^.
If youjrlwfta regular patron for tho roiwon that you cannot alway* conviml-»ntly pay cr»1i, try oiir' Doposit Ac-
nt SyiW-Ttou will receive all the benefits of our low cosh prices and receive with each fifty cent purchase a
count
further _isco__luof five per cent.
.-3SA
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•    -■ • «•**»«_*«»...»_.«,.'    *u.    _.   _
(♦• ***•--:   ■*■      »a i
, l * * "  * v ■" -•>►
ii^Ml^a-m-m-m-maaa
■mn

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