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The District Ledger Aug 17, 1912

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''   yXhe Official Organ of Dist rict No. 18; U., M; W. of A.,.;
A>^*«^L^ .,,
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THE :DISTRiCt;IEDGER, FERNIE,  B. 0., AUGUST 17,1912.
$1.00 A YEAE.
*-*.
.. .     i   r^
*.   i ;.   - »    -r
;>?'   tf *"-"W
:/.-•
h', -
Arraignment^ of 'x Englishman
to Sensational^ Exposure^
', ' BOSTON,' Mass., Aug.'* 14.—An ex-
? pose of alleged wholesale violations of
the alien contract laborv laws .by New
. England, manufacturers • may ' follow
■the arrest of-Arthur" Sayllle,.of Brad-
• ford,-England; ,whosev"hea'r_iig..on  a
charge4of • importing mill "'operatives
- - tp ,take ; the"plaoe'pf the strikers' at
-Barre,- Mass., ^wool'"combing company,
/" wilt take place tomorrow by'"United
. - States;Commissionerf Grlnnell."/^" V1
Sensational developments- were;'pre-
„ dlcted'today by Elizabeth' Gurley Flynn
- and other" strike0 leaders^ who 4have
■j been In charge of' the-rBarre,;strlke.
■ These,leaders declared.lt was on their
■ -representations, to tlie federal imml-
'■'.. gratjon 'officials that' the. present,in-
- tvestigatloa was Btarted.' • Twenty? inill
j  operatives,' who' say, .they. were? .bound
for,, Barre":from,England were detain-,
ed today? tere/as ; witnesses, against
4 *-Saviile."   ' \ ;.  '■ ' ■' ?<..'. *■ * "* '"A" 7
Drew English Cheque'
<y, .Two* witnesses, Mrs.^Jane Johnson'
AJ4; of Bradford, England?'and.H.-S.,
i.^dwardB,of the N. Barre .Wool Comlv'
Sa-
SUGGESTS LICENSE    A-       ,"-
' '    -JO CONTROL TRUSTS
L,'-   ijng Company, were heard,"when
P,.<\hlle was arraigned."    Edwards.drew
Combines    Referred   to ."as .'Natural
,. Development of- Industrial
--,- Conditions.- '■•'
to'see'a: Minister,'of
,' The names'lsuggest-*
are';' '.Messrs.' R?' B.-
J. D. _ Taylor,'-New
ert Green/ the1 ijW
Mr.^A. SiGpodeve,'
reen was. formerly
Minister-of Mines in" the B C. Government. ■ •       *    °. ■' .-?■,■
cularly; a:
Mines
fedior the
Bennett?
Westminster;1
member'to su
Kootenay.
IMPORTANT   QUESTION
u- cheque for $7,000"on Francis, Willey
"and Co.? Bradford,'England,' for*whom
.'Sa.vllle Is said to be,manager,"and'deposited1 it .as bail for, Saville.* ^
"...'.Francis .Willey,:of?.Bratford, is\the'
'-Nhead of.the'b'lg.'Engllsli-'' wool.*firm
which bears his name. -, His two sons
y F. "Vernon' Willey; of, Bradford,,-.and
..'". Lewis Willey,- of Philadelphia,- are.Vi:
-/■Vectors and-gener'al managers - of-the
*f/'Barre .'plants whlch_Lemplo'yB :1.000 -go-'
■ \. eratlves, in jits' manufacture-"of raws
..".and combed wool,   'i -."■"'    .l
-   i .   t    .      >,.     i,  -. af , i • .    -.
■ j,r    , , rGaves Her Money,Ho Show'.-.,,
' ? Mrs. Johnston testifies that upon the
, representation" of -Savllle.*'she" Wasf in-.
*' uuced to bring* her fife 'children to'Am?
eHca, with the idea. of. getting work
at tho Barre plant...- She'declared So--
.ivllle told'her,he would-glyejnerhind
hibr family the necessary money to
show' tho immigration officials at Bob--
ton.   '•   :\A1 ■'•   ' - '■"'. ',  A    y
- &a>lllo was arrested- July-81,* when
tho Johnstons were detained by tho
Boston immigration officials, but tho
Immigration : Inspector   tliougl.-.* tho
- case so  replete , with'.'ramifications
Wiilch thoy expect'  to' Involve-other
* '^reat mlll.owhors, that they-kept ..tha
.matter secret - until Saville was arraigned In opon court.A- *.,-
I' i' ■■   Tho report was current today that p.
.swarm of federal inspectors have flock
od to Lawrence,'Lowell,'Now,-Bmlford,
Fall Rlvor, and 'othoi\Now England
mill centres, to investigate charges of
wholoBalo violations of alien contract
labor laws.     This report could nol
bo confirmed today. -   ,-,  '"
• Invostigatlons will bo made ot tho
known circulation of alluring postors
throughout several countries ,by tho
Lawronco woollen mill syndicate which
were Issued for lho purpose, of attract-
luff operatives to their plants.'. This
investigation of circulars resulted,-ill
|/ roctly from tho "famous Lawronco
Btrlko last winter whon tho strite leaders exhibited the posters.   -
, Washington,. D.C.; Aug. .9.—Trusts"
were ' not -.the deliberate .-'creation- of
man,"'butl were Ahes natural development' - of. industrial %ia'nd competitive
conditions,.' according to ' Republican
(Jardner. ot). Mas'sacnusetts,' minority
member''of'the house of the steel
trust inveslgaing? committee, who
addressed* the^house tonight on his report.'; y He .advocated federal, licenses
for all concerns whose capital exceed-,
ed a-fixed amount and the creation of
an intefstate!"c6mmission- of. industry
with regulatory.powers "over. corporations ^aud' prices. -\ ' - ,' "
' "If we^wlsh to dissolve the" trusts
the"ctime has, come, to,say'so," ,sald
Gardner. ■ "Ifi we'• wish' to recognize
the, trusts,/the time has cpme tb be
definite*-about it.'j,' Don't..misunderstand -. me as\, adversely, criticizing- the
bills as presented by the-Democratic
majority'of the "committee,^ in my opinion substantially all the ."practices at
wlilcli those bills are aimed are unfair
and fought'to be suppressed^ But,, if
every one' of7the majority's bills .were
to-be enactediinto^law, we should be
no. nearer the'settlement of.the trust
question., .-,.; * •; , ;. ty_ -,. * *'
'■[.Should*Be Macle?to'.Behave "
Is the Pay of a Member of Parliament
?     Something That.Can Be Taxed   ,'•
; OTTAWA, Aug. 13.—The decision of
Judge Johnson, bf Vanleek Hill, In
finding" that the . sessional indemnity
of E. Prouix, M." P., for Prescbtt, was
subject to Income tax assesment' has
aroused much'Interest.' It is considered "that the judgment forms a precedent which may be of considerable
moment - to. members, of* parliament.' *
" The department of Justice had little
to say ;on the" matter this morning.
It,is"recognized tliat the question Is
not' one for the Dominion to decide,
being "entirely .within the jurisdiction
of-the Ontario Assessment Act. ' .
■ The , inter'pretatibri .of Judge Johnson; may form the basis .of an appeal
by which1"the^-questlon will' be formally settled..      „' '.'   -.
SEEKING  PEACE
ON     .     ,
LONDON
DOCKS
f.
ALIEN LABOR AOT NOT
F.NFORCED.--A8IATIC3
, FLOODING THE COUNTRY
VICTORIA, August 12.- -At a .«oot«
Innr. of tlio local, Trades und Lnbor
Council It was doctdod to sond a representative of tho council to the)
forthcoming convontlon ot tho Trades
nnd Labor Congress of Canada, An
•olootion for dologato rosuHod In tho
choice of Christian SlvorU, soorotnry
of tlto counoll. Mr. Slvortz was Instructed to bring to (the attention ot
tho, congress tho requirements of tho
Pacific Coast from a union point of
vlow, and to draw tho attention of tlio
congress, to tho Influx of Asiatics,
which It .was stated In splto of rontrlo
tions by tlio Into govornmont, still oon<
tlMHSfl, .
• Tro flagrant Infraction-. o_ tho Allen
Labor Act Is anothor matter to whloh
tho attention of tho congrcas will bu
drawn.. Delcgato Slvcrts ls Instructed
to draw tho notico ot Ihe congress to
tltoffiot that whllo tlm laws governing
tho Importation ot Canadian labor Into
the Unltod Suites Is slhclly eniorced,
Iho Canadian authorities aro exceedingly lax In protecting Canadian workmen ngalnst forolgn competition, information supplied by tho .dologa.01
was to tho effect that tho Allon Lnbor
Act as anforoed In BrltWi Columbia
wnu largqly a farce, as hundreds of
man aro Imported from .tho othor side
to.work M laborers, or at tha mochanl-
cat trades,-and tho general sentiment
of tho <councll was to tho offeet that
a coach and horso could bo driven
through tbe Allen Labor Act as at
present enferw-i
, .fflrhe^inajoritj^bills-db^not-spell'dis--
yolutloii,"-* -Mr:"' 7rGardner>* continued.'
'The.stock"market tells us so plainly
enough;, * <Jf we' really "wish to break,
up the trusts, all we** have .to do is to
forbid• the ?con,oentratlon-of more'than
a""giveu; ampunt'fSt'' capitaV under' a
Bingle management; and then' instruct
our courts to dCs'solve.existing trusts
into corporations within tlie prescribed size. .That, will ;breaVv-up the trusts'
fast enough, but. it will not -. prevent
the "surviving sub-divisions from arriving' at a price "understanding iii a
very short time."-/
/Mr? Gardner declared he did not be-'
lieve ln dissolution as a remedy. * • He
said' combination of capital had their
place'In tlie, economic scheme, of-
things, - but they should be made to
behave, ■ - ,'y
\ Fooled With Dissolution *■
"What"wo need," snld Mr. Gardner
with emphasis, "Is good drastic recognition of iargo.lndustrlal units.,Wo
have fooled too long'with gentle dissolution." " ' "'
1 A return' to the competitive system,
Mr. Gardner Insisted; would not monn
lower prlcos.' Ho pointed to tho falling off In prices on tho products of
tho Unltod Statos Stool Corporation
In the decnilo In whlcli the prices of
other matorlals and commodities
soared. ,
. As a solution of the problom, Mr.
Gardner ad'vocatod tho compulsory
licensing of' all corporations whoso ns-
boIs exceed ,50,000,000 ■ forcing thorn
at tho samo tlmo to recapltnllzo at the
exact amount of their actual holdings,
IIo would luivo created the Interstate
commission of Industry, clothor with
powor to onforco tho corporntlon-Maws
and, If found necessary to gain com-
plolo control of tho situation with power to fix prlcos of commodities."
"It may bo that civilisation Is In a
stato of evolution," ho, said, "during
which socialism's creed must havo a
trial. It mny bo that govornmont
control will ultimately lead to collective ownership and out of It again, Tho
science of statesmanship requires us
to solve tho pressing problem., not to
stand dumbfoundod and Inactlvo-ba-
chubq In no direction Is tho future
clear,"
LONDON, Aug. 13.—Efforts are being made here today,to bring about.a
settlement-' between; the" shipowners
and'the National Union of, Masters
and Mates In order to "avoid'the tying
iip'of the port of London. . The union
has threatened a strike ^unless their
.demands for a minimum-wage scale
are granted.«'- -  - •"" .
The scale asked for is as follows:   -
. For shops of 3000 tb 500 gros3 registered ,tons, master $120 monthly, mate
$70 second mate; $60 and third mate,
$50.y „■' ,. ' A   .,"   '   y
' For ships ;of "more than'5000-tbns,
master $150 a month/ mate $75, second
mate $65 ad third mate* $55. y-,
.Owners of ^vessels,, sailing'next week
have been notified that the new scale
musAbe'"accepted before the officers
DARROW'S COUNSEL
IS SENTENCED FOR
: v:CONJEMPT PF COURf
-. LOS. ANGELES, • Calif.,' Aug. 12—
The'bribery, trial of .Clarence. S7 Darrow came tb an abrupt and.seiisatlonr.l
nalt an hour before" the usual adjournment  time  today ".when- Judge  Hut-
a . i\   . y
ton committed Darrow.'s chief counsel
(Earl Rogers) to^jat} until to-morrow,
morning at, 9 o'clock-for .contempt, of
court in lieu of paying' a. flno of $50.
Rogers applied to presiding Judge Willis.'of the-superior court/for his release on a writ * of .habeas corpus,
which W-ts granted,'.Rogers, being required ,to'give $200 bail.'*.-,•
"' Rogers' offense was In designating a
state rebuttal witness, 0?\H. F, Mayer,
as a' perjurer? and upon his refusal to
withdraw, the appellation,.a fine of $50
was Imposed. ,, Rogers.;_ declared he
would go to jail, rather...than, pay the
fine,-and the-court appended to the
previous judgment an alternative sen-
teftce'of five days In jailA Upon, showing by the, defence that.Darrow could
not be deprived of counsel during the
courBe'bf his trial, the" sentence was
modified. A    , " /"" - -*
several-bf .the miners,, where he expressed,,his, condolence with th families of the-victims bt the accident.
'" Thus'far 109.bodies have been taken, from the mine and eight are still
missing, and undoubtedly dead.. Two
of the injured men- died , during the
night.',*'       ,        '   -.'    .';--    •
m
PYTHIANS SELECT.WINNIPEG .
FOR NEXT. CONVENTION
'DENVER.-Colo., Aug. 13.—The su-
preme lodge of the Knights of'Py'thias
today decided to hold the next convention in Winnipeg in 1914, _The selection of the convention city practically
completed - the consideration * of business. Notification was given the supreme lodge' that the reportB from* the
grand domains of Alberta, British Col:
umbia," Manitoba, Ontario und Quebec
had decided unanimously to1 place
Judge McArthur of Manitoba in nomination for'supreme vice-chancellor, at
the 1914 meeting.       _,   -     ■    ,
INSURANCE ACT.
■cr
WORKMEN
PERISH   ,,
'"'■'   IN A*SLAG BANK.
wnr ai£jr?iu uCiear
YOUTH INJURED
( r 'j t
Albert Whltehpuse, conductor on No.
2 dinkey/' met with* a serious accident
on Wednesday afternoon^,which necessitated his being taken to' hospital,'
where he ls now reported to be doing
as'Well* as can be expected. ,
The accident is a most serious one.'
It* appears that; some piping, laying
about- tho place was somehow or other
lifted' up by tho dinkey and pushed
right through the top part of the hip
of tho unfortunate lad, causing him to
bleed profusely. Upon enquiring at
the hospital this afternoon (Friday)
wo woro given to understand that lib Is
progressing favorably with good pros-
poets for recovery. "
DORTMUND, Germany, Aug. 14.—
Twenty-six -workmen were, buried to-
dayb'y the"fall"bf a slag bank at an
iron .works in the? suburbs of this city.
Eight bodies have been extricated, and
it* is believed that all the men perished.
FIFTY CHRISTIANSsKILLED BY
1   _ -.--   TURKS' IN'MARKET PLACE
Ten
Million   Five ' Hundred   Persons
Already Insured
LONDON, Aug. 9—The latest figures
published in connection with the in"
surance act show that, 10,500,000 persons' are. already insured under its provisions. *.-/ These include 5,700,000 insured in* approved, friendly societies,
and 3,500,000 in'industrial offices, 3,-
000,000 of which hold;policies in the
Prudential Limited;' There are nearly
750,000 who" have not yet selected an
approved society ln which tb Insure.
Boy of 11 Worked for Coal Co.
I risp. Williams Lays Charge
Judge Dismisses Case
HANF.ORD RESIGNED TO
f PROTECT HIGH-UPS
SEATTLE. Washington. Aug. .12?—
Despite the statements of Federal
Judge Hanford and his counsel that
the judge resigned recently becauso
his health was poor? the' Impression
is general today that the resignation
was really presented in an effort to
prevent sensational disclosures which
might prove serious to' powerful- as-;,
sociates of the judge. So strong is
this Impression that many attorneys
are planning to'demand that Attorney-
General Wlckersham takes up the investigation where the congressional
sub-committee dropped lt arid pursue
it _o.thtf end.,    *- .?',.  "   , . ■-
Tliey believe that It.will disclose a
3tate of affairs which will demdnd immediate correction."' -   ,
C. P. R.
TO MAKE NEW
1        FIFTY,MILLION ISSUE
ATHENS? Greece,' Aug. 13.—A mas-"
sacre lasting seven.hours followed,the
bomb explosion )ln"rthe' market .place
of Kotschana," fifty .miles southeast, bf
Uskup, European-Turkey recently, according to reliable information received here."'.Fifty' Christians were kill-
-ed_an_L200J,Mrlbusiyjjv_ouMed4-bx^
Turks, who suspected them of having
committed" bomb _ outrages • by which
about".50 persons"were killed oi" injured.    ■ - „.    ■'■ ,  ... ,      •'    <■'
•TOTAL.DEAQ.IN TURKJSH"  y^
^ ' " EARTHQUAKE ' NUMBER,'sioOO
BERLIN, Aug.-15.—Three thousand
persons are known to~ have-been killed in: an earthquake which rocked
southeastern Turkey, according to a
message just received here by - the
Tageblatt, from. Its correspondent, at
Constantinople. v   .
More than 50,000 persons are homeless' and starving "An active crater
Is also reported to-have appeared on
the Asiatic .sidef of the Sea of Marmora. A
;: OTTAWA,,?Aug.- 12.—The ■ Evening
Journal says: "It'IsI learned on good
authority that the ,C. P. ,R. will make
a- new issue of $50,000?,000"at a pre-,
mlum of 75,per cent at the meeting on
Monday,-next. This <*will- mean that
present" shareholders .will receive one
new share-for every-four-shares now
helgAanOnAhe_!ba__i_Ao^
price" of 275 shareholders will thus .receive "rights" to-the-value of slightly
over,$20 a share."'-.--'     > ,   '• -    ,
SPORT Vis manual. LABOR 3A
". LONbON.'TAug'y-^H^PrbfesBlbnal.
football playing, the English insurance
commission states, comes} under, the
category of "manual labor'; and play-'
ers 1 must, be insured under the act
whatever their wages. •'
WASHINGTON, D. C—Investigation by a federal grand jury of .the
causes, leading up to Judge' Hanford's
resignation while under' fear of possible impeachment, is threatened by
Representative Berger, the Wisconsin
Socialist. ' He said he. would ask the
attorney general to have a grand jury
called in Seattle, and, if the attorney-
general refuses to act, will introduce a
resolution in the house to that end.
' "I am Informed that half-a-dozen
millionaires or other representatives
of 'big business' Induced Hanford to
resign," said Berger., 'A'Anyway, Han?
ford7Hil3~3ecretaTy'-ar_d"aH-hi5~friend5-
got rich 'while Hanford was on 'the
bench. Then these millionaires induced,Hanford to,resign to save themselves from exposure ln the Investigation.
I propose to show them up, although!
dropping the .impeachment proceed-
tags." - - ■   -
Corbln is once more to the front
andin the public eye.    This time It Is
no other than that the company em-,
ployed child labor. y
On the 9th of July, whist Inspector   .
of Mines, Thos. Williams, was on his
usual round of inspection he noted a
youth, who from all appearances eould
not possibly be of the legal age of 14, ■
who was at the time gathevlng Bamples
of coal to be- submitted for assaying
purposes in the laboratory of the com- -
pany In charge of the son of the Resident Superintendent, G, Smith.- The-
name of the lad Is James McDonald,   -
son' of  Mrs. Dan  McDonald,  who  ls
keeping a boarding house at Corbln.
Owing to the fact tbat the two .who
officiate as Justices of the Peace at'
Corbin are employees of the company
the  case  was  taken - to  Michel. and,
came up on Wednesday the 14th inst- l
before Judge Burton/ an employee of ••
the Crow's Nest, Pass Coal Co.   When
the lad was placed on tlio stand '* he,l
was asked if he knew the nature of an
oath, and the mother on replying that   '
he did not was further questioned and",
stated that the boy would be 11 years
old in September next.     On-learning   ■
that the child had only been working
five hours- when  Inspector Williams
brought the, case to the notice of the *
company's officials, who'on"realhing
the state of affairs .discharged him, the
magistrate declared    that    the    case
should never have been brought up at
all and dismissed It, inflicting the'eoats l
POLICE 8TOP SOCIALIST
: ,   MEETING IN  PITTSBURG
I. W. W. WAGE FIGHT
IN COLORADO CAPITAL
AN
ARMY OF HOMELE88 IN
MANY TOWNS OF TURKcY
Some Injured—Many Arrests
DENVER, Col.,, Aug. 14.-—Police wnr
on a "frco speech" movomont, about
to,_bo inaugurated hero by the Industrial Workors of tho World,' led by
California speakers, Is expected to follow tho action of Chief of Police O'Nell
hero,today in asking permission to jnll
all speakors who may attempt to
speak hero without a permit.
A detachment of California Iridus-
trlallats reached horo yesterday, nnd
announced today their Intontlon of
speaking whothor they wore given per*
mils or not. Denver nuthorlllos fenr
a repetition of tlio Bcbnos which mark*
ed tlio' rocont froo spcoch fight In Sun
Diego. ,
What the Upheaval Ft.1 led to Do, Fire
Following the Shock Accompllcntci
—Entire Districts Have Been Devastated—Harrowing Accounts of Ha-
*voe Wrought,
..CONSTANTINOPLE, Aug. 12.'—Reports hero to-day Indicate ' that tho
groat earthquake shock which was folt
through a groat part of Turkoy was
accothpnnlod by much heavier loss of
llfo than at first stated. - Tho newspapers today estimate tho victims at"
1,000 killed, whllo the Injured aro said
to number from flvo to six thousand.
MINERS ARE ASKING
INCREASED WAGES
AT NANAIMO PITS
HEAVY FINE POR INCITING
MEN TO STRIKE,
FOURTH.MINISTER    '
FOR THE WEST
/
^  .        mmtmM-U-MI
OTTAWA, Aug. IZ.—Jt is v«|ry pos«
wlblfi tlut UtiXt t.iifc'j.oi- au rtJvi.i.ali^l
portfolio .will bo created and the West
will secure a fourth minister. It Is
understood that strong Influcnco is bolng brought to bti.tr by tho mining In-
u.rt...i.> to naX- a Mimb-v,- ui ?..»._..>
appolntoil. Formerly tho Department
of Mlnos was under the Minister of
Inland Revenue, Last- session this
branch' was transferred to the Do--
partmont of tho Intorlor. However,
thin' Is tint* ot fh<»' heaviest depart*
ments, ns tho Minister of the Interior
ban under him, Immlffrntion, Land.., In-
(51 in and Forestry Departments, ns
well an Mines. It la felt thnt under ft
full-fledged minister tho mining In*
dustry coujd bo glvon far more «n-
coursgement than It hss received In
th* pant,
Australia Proposes Unique Legislation
In the Interests of Industrial Pesce^
Decrees to be enforced by Fines of
$1260 for Employer and $50 for Employee.
BRISBANE, AiiBtralla, August 12.—
Swcbplng legislation, having; for Its'
aim tho maintenance of Industrial
lwrtt-v, un* uwu i/uiouucea mi uio
Quuurfujul loiduhlurtj. 11 jtimWt.1,
tor special boards of arbitration, tho
presiding officer being empowered to
mediate at the roquost of parties to a
dispute, _f»r to rail a compulsory ron-
kV_V,y.^K,.    A.. •Uu.ytujUk  _7_,k'.iu,(, v^ <,i>iU-_,
by tho award Is subject to a (Ine of
$1260 and an employee to a flno of ISO.
Any porson Inciting a strlko Is liable
to $250 fine, Strikes and lockouts are
unlawful until a Compulsory confer-
eneo has provon abortive, two weeks'
notice given and a secret ballot has
sanctioned such action.
The proposed bill, which has thc
backing of the government. Is ao outgrowth of tbe disastrous general strike
In Brisbane last winter, when 43 unions called out their men in support of
NANAIMO, Aug. 12.—Tho miners
of tho Island nro growing dally moro
dissatisfied with the amount.ot wages
paid them, and unless nn Incroaso Is
granted a strlko Is Imminent. While
tho cost of living hits Increased fully
50 por cont, In tho past ton years, tho
minors havo only received an Incroaso
of 10 por cont. ln that tlmo 80 they
havo a good enso In domnndtng a raise,
PITTSBURG, Aug. 12.—A number of
persons wero Injured slightly, and over
forty arrested hero lato last night ln
a clriBh between1 Socialists and police-
mon.   *The trouble started when the
Socialists for the second tlmo within
eight days attempted to hold a street
meeting for which a permit had not
been issued. <   Thousands  of  persons
had congregated at tho meeting plac.i.
Ab lho speakers mounted an Improvised Btago and attomptcd to njd;«SB
the audlonco thoy  woro grasped by
the pollco and sent to a nearby station.
Meanwhile the crowd became donso
and u call was sont for additional pollco.    A mounted   squad,  numbering
thirty officers, reached tho scono within a fow minutes and chnrgod tho
crowd.    Several porBons woro Injured
In tho mix-up,    Llttlo progress waB
mado by tho pollco, howovor, and tho
crowd Increased.   Patrol wagons wore
backed up to tlio speakers' stand.  Tlio
moment a prospective sponkor appeared ho or sho was placed Into tho waggon.    At loast a dozon women woro
taken into custody,
Garver-Mullin
Bout a Fizzle
Contestants Would Not Go Into
the Ring—Public Stung
as Usual
upon' the .Inspector.l   *. -..      ~"7
The action of Mr. Williams must be
highly    commended.',. Had .he   not'
brought the case- to .'light the child l
would no doubt Btlll-be at"work, and'
had an accident-occurred the'man'who -.
w.ould .have..recelved.4he-.blame would ,A 1
be tbe inspector:', lit-is, to bo. hoped "
that thlB will be a salutary lesson to
both coal companies and parents.' "
 ._ _—. s*
MEN QUIT THEIR WORK
,   AT BEHEST OF UNION
Leaders    Declare    Contractors
-Working Men 12 Hours at
Straight Wages
Are
MINERS REPUDIATE
NEW AGREEMENT
NANAIMO, Aug. 12,-:-A mnss mooting of minors wns held nt Iho Orpheum
Theatre Sunday night.    Tho speech-
C«     ilitiUtl     MCI      Mlt_.Ul.Mb4,     4A_._|     LUHbtlh,
lwj', lm) the* nprnomfnt v-'ltli 1hc> WrM-
ern Fuel Compnny wns repudiated because of lt not being ratified by thn
miners. Thr> United Mlno Workers
will   not   submit   to   discrimination
I.   , I       It,.      .,,-.•.,!._...„        I.      I.^tnr.      ..*,..
^fc,****.*..        .    .,        ...   ..   ' 1        ' .■-*_£*       .-   -    '
strong enough to protect them. A
strlko will only bo rosortod to whon
all other means aro exhauited. Miners hnvo a strong ensn for increased
pay and better conditions,
' STARVING AND ALONE
Terrible Csse of Destitution Reported
Prom'the Duck Mountains
KAISER VISITS MINERS' HOMES
Ylrltlsh Columbia Is parti* [the tramway employe*!.
DOCHUN, Germany, Aug. H,~Emperor Wllllnm and hit brother Prince
Henry, of Prusfls, arrived here today
and visited the Injured survivors 'it
the recent mlno disaster at Oerthe.
Subsequently the Emperor went Into (expected thsttho '*m recover.
KWAN niVJSIt, Man., Aug. 0,-A HIh-
tressful caso of wnnt nnd suffering hnB
Just been brought to light (it Alpine, ;i
Swede settlement, In the Duck Mountains, !M miles south-east of hero
Mr nnd Mrs Flndloy, of Durbnn, which
Is 12 miles from Alpine, henrd of a womnn In distress In a lonely homes!end
on tho mountain;   Thoy went to In*
- 1 I      P if r. .
k _._>.,Q.«-i,  %.,,„   LfJuuU   tf   »>nfL.uc    iiuiLt..,.
•.'.fl! 1n Veil nnd tdnrvlnji to flrnlh, "".'111*,
n bnby 15 months old crnwllng around.
Tho child could not walk, nnd wns
clothed only In a small shirt, nnd wns
very dirty.    It had crawled In and out
„P    tl./,    1,„,,,.„    „t     ...111      „»!,.„     , ■.„.,„!„ r,
•   •■-    '"-«       ►••'..
outside tho door.
Tlio mother was In a pitiable condition, a veritable skeleton. There
was no monoy In tho house, nnd only
dry bread, to eat. The woman has
beon sick' since February Inst. It
appears that hor husband had desnrtcd
her, as no one seems to know his
whereabouts.
Mrs. Flndloy Immediately took
charge of, the woman and the rhlld.
Tb*y brought tha mother to the 8won
River hospital last night, but It Is not
Boxing received a set back In this,
town on Thursday last whon tho much
talked of bout betwoon Carver aud
Mullins fnllod to materialize. During the evening largo crowdB assembled In tho streets , mnny, of whom
camo from the furthest points of tho
Piihh, all ready to seo llio fniy.    Unman*, which eventually turned out to
bo correct, woro rlfo at nn enrly hour
that tlio match would not como off,
nn'il vorloim ronsons woro nsHlgnod for
those,    As fnr ns cnn be gathered tho
rontoHlniiis wore not ngreod upon cortnln points, nnd llttlo doubt Ih In tho |
publlo mind that thore is something
nlindy nbout It,   Carver scums lo havo
boon lho obBtaclo,    The whole ovon-
lug wits tnkon up wllh suunbblliiK between thorn nn to tho spoils, until the
pntlont public woro Informed by the
roforoo from lho ring thnt tho fight
wns off, ho nt the snmo tlmo blaming
Ciii'vor for tho stnto af affairs,   Judging from tho crowds outside, tho gate
receipts, hnd Iho fight boon pulled off,
would havo boen tho largest known l*i
thn Pass.     Tlio Athlotle Association,
uihUt whoso auspices thc match was
to take place,  desire    to   express,
through tholr chairman (Mr. li. Herchmer) their vory slncnro regret nt
the Incident, nnd thnt thoy did thHr
utmost to proton!, lite piiblle.1    Hoth
Mullln and Carver loso tlu<lr forfeit of
W\r
/•.pr.oMnl.mi
PECULIAR BEQUE8T OP
AN AGED MINER
T  n. I     V„..*|.       „.t  ,        tl,,,*)        ,1,,»!.,„        (Vn
week at Marshnlsen, Allegheny county,
I'n., loft an estate valued at from
$7,00 to $10,000 to a mlno suporlnten*
dent under whom he lind worked for
several yonrs, culling off his relations.
York wns over 70 >_>ar« of ngn and,
although ho had large sums nt his disposal tn Pittsburgh bunks. It Is snld he
wl to th-ft City Horn* rather thsn diminish his capital. He left fi.00 to
tbe United P«*byi<7i*n Church in
I'nlty, and $500 to th* daughter of tbe
mine superintendent who waa the
main beneficiary.
EDMONTON,, Alta., Aug. 12.—All'
tho union men employed on tho mc-
Kay Avonuo School by the contractors, Reed, McDonald and BrowBtor,
quit tholr work on Saturday morning
on account of tho labor nnd the alleged unfair working conditions.
lloprescntatlvoB of the trades unlonB
Involved visited tho work this mom-'
Ing, and nftor talking to tho mon and
hearing tholr complaint advised them ,
to pick up their tools and walk away.
Acting on this ndvlco, plumberu,
stcamrittors nnd enrpentors <)ult thn
building and are working on another
Job.
Heed, McDonnld and HrewBtor wore
Interviewed by tho business'agents of
local'unions affected, but tlio contrnr-
tors, It Ih alleged, rofUBod to moot
them .In tholr requests.
Cause of Complaint
Tlio firm Is working tho mon twnlvo
Iioiii'b a day, lho unions say, and only
paying Htrnlght wages, whllo the union scnlo rullH for nn eight hour dny
und overtime for all extra work, In-
stond of that, tho contractors work
tho men twolvo hours, It Is alleged
nnd pny thorn no overtime The union
lenders offered to tnko men off other
Jobs In order to Imvo thn school completed, provided the ronlriictorH pny
Ihem overtime nnd comply with tho
night-hour day.
This they docllned to do, tho dele-
pntcs sny. nnd consequently the men
walked out. According to the union
offlelnls, Heed, McDonald nnd I»r«w-
stor nro tlio only contrnctors In tho
city who do not romply with tho
union conditions.     Tliey nro building
tho Armstrong block nnd tho Northern
tt ..» .   .   >   1 f   , ,
\\o\h buMnp^i" .t....f1hffl nllered ur-f-Mr
conditions oxint. Other contnicton<
such as Phoney nnd llntson, nnd Nen-
bit l and MUoh,' who have school contracts, lho mnti say, meet tho unions
t»i    ftft.r,,    i,»rii.     r.r._,_,A_,i„„ll,,    ..if.c    ,.*?.
never nt n loss for mechanics of the
allied ('rafts.
FOUR ARE  KILLED
ANO KORTY INJURED
ttOBTON. Mass,, Aug. 12.—Tno en-
glnemen and a psssftnger were killed.
* spectator dropped dead and forty
or more passengers were Injured short-
ly before boon today by the derailment
of an Inbound train on the Plymouth
division of the New York, New Hav-
en and Hartford railway tt Dorcbeater.
. :
&     .1 -1 **   ., *    "i.
*,-<.; *<l
•_*—  "-,.
-- •' ,f „ ,y ^r:
&tVF ;->-?- --J
DISTRICT. LEDGER?"ifBRimJ^BiVc^iuGUST 17,1912:
VA- 'j? Ay.    y- :• • y. \y    ,
y-77' - The" Minister, of .'"Mines .has' just is-
7yy "sued,his?yearly report .which:deals ex-
y' '"haustlvely i^iUij the. mining' industry
-"' ^ of the;province'.-*'-;Thelreport is for
,;A   the "year .'ending. December,'31, 1911,
-;from which we, take the following:-A
:   /The total production   of   minerals
during 1911-is"estimated at.$23,499,--
-'   - ^072, divided,as follows: Gold, placer,
':$426';00;    Jode,;"" $4,725,513;    silver.
''' $958,203;' lead '.$1,069,521; copper, $4,-
- y 671,644.   zinc,  $129,092;   coal, '$7,675,-
•_   '   717; coke,'$396,030; miscellaneous, $3,-
547,262. ' Of this tota_..t_ie East Koote-
.'■   nay district" is "credited with $2,475,-
056, exclusive of coal and coke.    7
.*     "   -,?   Coai,
The collieries of the province during the year 1911 produced" 2,297,718
- tons (2,240 lb.) of coal—a decrease of
, 841,517 tons, as compared with?tho pre-1
ceding year.
This decrease is entirely due' to the
labor troubles in the East Kootenay
field, whereby the collieries   of   that
district were shutdown for over eight
months. '*"•'"--.    - "
. .The decrease of the output in the
East Kootenay field amounted to" 923,-
062 tons"of,coal; which was only partly
offset .by an, increased production* in
the coast district of 81,545 tens/   '- ■
The,greater portion of this "production—about 72 per cent—was" mined
by three, companies—the Canadian
Collieries and the Western Fuel'company in the Coast district, * and" the
Crows .Nest Pass Coal Company in
East Kootenay. ,        *       . - .'
In the East kootenay field the Hosmer Mines and the Corbin C. and C.
Co. "made very appreciable productions, although not nearly ias large as
in the preceding year..        •    '
The gross output of the coal mines
of thc province for the year 1911 waB
2,297,718 tons (of 2,2ll lb.) in addition
to which 748 tons were drawn from:
stock, making the gross amount of coal
distributed 2,298,466 tons. '
Of this gross amount there was "sold
as coal for consumption In Canada,
1,373,779 tons; sold for consumption in
the'United:States,,573,888 tons; while
38,808 tons'were'exported to." other
countries, making "the total coa) sales
for the year 1)986,475 tons.',
A In addition to the coal sold, there
was-used in the manufacture of coke
HWi656, tons, and- 178,242 ton's were
used - under the .boilers, .etc., of .'the
producing companies, while 29,093 tons
were, lost In washing, A - .>■''-
- As has- already been noted, there
was_.no coke made'in the Coast district, the total coke production, haying been made in the East-Kootjnay
field, where from 104,656 tons of coal
there was produced 66,005 tons (2,240
lo.) of coke—only about 30 per cent of
last year's production; as the mines
were closed down for eight months on
account of labor troubles.
i The coke sales for the province amounted to 73,454 tons^of which amount
7,486 ton's was-'drawn from stock.' .
The* following table' Indicates the
markets in which,the coal and coke
output' of the province was aold:   -
-   ;■;    Coast
COAL      , '* District
Sold for .consumption in Canada ........ (Tons—2,240 lb.)   ...'. ■ i 278 640
Sold for-export to United States  ;(Tons—2.240 lb.)       '.'.'/.]	
Sold for export to other countries ',.'.(Tons—2,240 lb.)       .'.
363,994
38,808
A
COKE
Total coal sales ', 1,681,442
Crows Nest
-Pass District
'    .95,139
-" '   209,894
305,033
Total '"   '
for Provlneo
- I,373i779
573,888
'   i 38,808
Sold for consumption in Canada  (Tons—2,240 lb.)
Sold for export .to United States ..' (Tons—2,240 lb.)'
"..'.. ."(Tons—2,240 lb.)
6,153
Sold for export to other countries
Total coke sales,. \      6,153
66,034'
1,267'
67,301
y\ EAST   KOOTENAY   COALFIELDS .
•• In tlie' East Kootenay coal field, the
old- agreement- as to wages, etc.,
.which had existed between the operators 'and the employees, 'expired on
March 31st; 1911, and'considerable difficulty was experienced in arranging'a
new one, the negotiations, occupying
nearly eight months, during Avhlch
• time the collieries of this section.of
British Columbia and, also of the adjoining portion of Alberta were shut
down, v, The'new agreement was.'how-
-.1,986,475
*■ 72,187
' 1,267
73,454
ever, eventually signed,    and    holds
binding until March; 19l5.r   -
The production of the mines of "this
section during,-the .past year therefore'only represents the output for the
four months of the year In which the
mines were in operation.
, There" were three' companies operating in this district—the Crows Nest
Pass Coal Company, operating two separate collieries,, the combined output
of which was 320,940 tons; tlie Corb'in
Coke and Coal Company which made
an output of 81,718 tons, and the Hos
mer Mines, Limited, which produced
39,399 tons of coal,' making a gross output for the district-for 1911,'of 442,057
tons of coal. This'-gross output is
923,062 tons; or about 67 per cent less
than the output of the previous year.
In addition to the coai mined, 3,259
tons were taken-.from stock, making
th<f amount'of coal distributed from the
collieries 445,316 tons. , l
Of ,this gross tonnage? 104,656 "tons
were used in the manufacture of coke,
of which there was produced 66,005
tons  (2,240 lb.)
RESOLUTION?!^
cpRir|ciii|^c,
Tlie District'Ledger,>eV_iie.a-B.crf'-.,. '
.■ Dear- Sir,—I-am"instructed*l)yVthe
above local to" send?you.'i'and am. enclosing herewith a copyjofcthe'resolution, which' was. passed at/the- mas3
meeting-ot.workers, same'being "a* pro?
test.,again'st,;ine -.action' of .the'' a'uthbri
ties in sending troops tothe strike', district.; _yy ■ A'A ,.';■' ?v-A_ - -
Ay copy of this resolution" has been
sent to the Attorney-General.of Alber,
ta, the, Minister of-'.Milltla-at Ottawa,
the. Western Clarion, .Vancouver,' (our
official organ),' and the' superintendent
of the R..N. W. M. P. 'at- ReglW
Yours.trulyyy, .;    ' "..    (l
''    ';"•     SIDNEY R. READ,
- ' y      '..'"-   Secretary.
- Resolution passed at a mass meeting
July 28, 1912. ,o,      '7 ''. y
Whereas, a strike of the workers on
the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. Company's construction work ln the Rocky
Mountains has been called, and -
Whereas'a company of soldiers'and
a detachment of police have'been sent
to said district, and       ,    -
Whereas, said soldiers .and. police
ar.e, sent to protect the' Company's
property* and not to protect the workers in their "endeavor-to obtain satisfactory living conditions. A ■ '• ",
, 1 kerefore, we, working, men irfQie
city of Calgary, in the Province of Al-
bei'i'a, in mass meeting assembled, °db
hereby,protest against the said action
of the authorities In sending said' soldiers and'police, and demand ihe instant recall of these forces.
TRANSVAAL   WAR   WIDOWS'
...EVADING INSURANCE ACT;
,' SERVANTS UNDER AGE
Lady Employs Servants of an Age Excluded from Provisions of the' ,,"
."Lloyd George Act '   7 '
LONDON, Aug., 12.—Unionist attacks on the Lloyd George' insurance
tax are still the order of the day.
The  story  is  told  here  how  Mrs.
Roblson. Guppy, of Maiden, In. Essex,
bad discharged .eight servants in order nol to be compelled to lick the
stamps.     Later she got tired of doing."the housework herself, sb now she
has adopted another original_ way cf
evading, the objectionable act.
"     "I havo engaged a gin who Is under
fifteen to help me In my housework,"
said Mrs, Guppy. "and as a gardener I
have now n man who Is over 70 years
of age.    As both these are outside the
age limits of the act I understand that
I cannot be compelled to insure' them.
Then I am about to engage a boy to
act as groom, who, too, will ba under
the Insurable age.,
''- Friends Assist In the Work
"But tliiH is,not all. ,My friends
who offered mo assistance when I discharged my sorvnnts a fortnight ngo,
nro still' ready to help'me keep my
house and grounds In ordor, but I
havo Utile need of further naslslnnce
now, for two' other nsslstants have
como Into tho house to llvo with me:
I pay them no wngos, so thoy, too.
need not be Insured, My two little
^nieces havo also dono much work In
tho gnrdon ln furtherance of my Intentions. This morning tlio older ono
cut Uio wholo lawn by herself.
Her Greatest Grief.
"My great grlof In tlmt I Blin!l hnvo
to glvo up tho uso of my Inndnu, ho
eniiBC It requires an oxporloncod coach,
man lo ninnngo llio pair of -spirited
hnrnr<H.
"I think Mr. Lloyd floorgo deserves.
howo eeiiBiiro," added Mrs. (Jiippv,
with ernplin,Hls, "for doing tno out of
my inndnu,* However.., this Is how I
Inland to proceed until tho, net Ih uni-
ondoil.
"Whon my sorvnnts nttnln tho ngo
when thoy como within roach or tlto
nel I nlmll discharge them nnd g«t
youriRcr on.-s, Mcniiwhllo I nm r<..
eolvlng hundreds of I'ongrnlulnlory,
letters from purnons nil ovor Ilie
country, ono of which wnn nddr<>ssed
to 'the bravest of the bravo.' ny one
post I had sixty loiters, and I got hu-
vera I posts u dny. af courso, I am
unnblo to answer thorn all. but I spend
most of my time now in replying to
those whlcli domnnd nn nrmwoi" Mi.i«
howovor, I hnvo not yot hnd time tn
upon,
iAn M, P.'s Predicament
.\uithi-r IriMitante   invdlcaiuoiit
They protest.also against the' deduction of taxes from wages under the
act that none of them wants.
'; Sir Lewis asks: A'When next I meet
them,' or the- majority of them, several weeks hence, what can I,do with
■them.*-mu--a_ny;iayint"mysel"f*open"
to penalties because I am. absent and,
The-Royal Patriotic Fund Corporation report for 1911, which has been issued as a, Blue book, states that last
year there were on the books of the
various funds 3170-widows, 3676 children, and 250 other dependents. Of
these-1570" widows and 1723 children
were of soldier's who fell in the Trails-*
vaal war. '   ,
There .being?a large surplus bn th«
Transvaal. War Fund, the corporation
propose to seek powers to help necessitous'widows' children in cases where
the .husbands .were married before the
war, but did not die in consequence of
it. ">■. .        '        .. - ..--'.
The World's Largest
unable to fulfil duties which "I do- not
in the least understand?"
3 So'the agitation goes.on, each..lay
bringing a crop of so-called absurdities of the act—brought to Ugh: by
inventive opponents, maijy of whom
must stay awake all night ;md daj
thinking out more or less improbable
situations'by which ,,to embarrass the
government. „    ,    v     '
"I-ater she got tired. . . ,"'    This
is too serious a matter'to treat with
levity..    That this   noble,   high-born,
well-bred, hlgh-Bplrlted, self-sacrificing
aristocratic dnme should be compelled
to submit to the Indignity of "getting
tired" Is too great u crime—too dastardly altogether!      And  she thinks
that Lloyd Goorgo should bo "severely
censured"-and that Is all!     Here wo
perceive   a   beautiful   Chrlatian-Hko
splrjt of mngnnnlmtty!      She would
oftly "censure" him—severely, for rob-
blng her of the pleasure of hor landau, with Its voluptuous cushions and
reBlltont springs, Ub spirited pair, and
hor   experienced   coachman!     Whnt
delicious material for a comic opora;
the pity that tho operatic world has
lost thnt groat humorist Gilbert!   And
yet npnrt from the frivolous and disgustingly -selfish aide- of this cronturos
objections thoro Is a seamy sldo to the
wholo nffnlr, nnd ono which tho many
correspondents (nomo of whoso letters'
she hns not had time to open) to this
wojnnn have no doubt overlooked—viz.
tin. servants who havo boon dismissed
—robbed of tholr living-deprived of
n  market for lliolr only commodity.
Wo wonder If tho consolonco of the
J'Ilravfist of tho brnvo"  (!)  Ih over
troublod with « thought or this nnturo?
Wcv wonder If sho, or lho numerous
othor objectors to loglHlntlon of this
hind nver stop to consldor what tholr
"coiifoIouh  objections"   cost   others?
Hut the Birnngost nnd most reninrk-
nblu purl of nil thU Ih that tho Individuals who nr<> ho Hlrcnuoiis In tholr objections to thi»Bo measures claim to
he "litw-nblrlliiit vU\rvm"l     J.ocl.illBt«
th ny clnlm nro disturbers, destroyers,
ngltatont, rebclH, trnltoisi     Oh, good-
iipsh, any old things,  Including  tho
sunn of I he onrth, «.tr.    Thn only real
consolation about such characters as
Mrs Guppy ami others of her cnilbrrt
l« fhrtt !1__»v hnvo tn .Mo. nn-mr  tim,
.mother,  thoro l« nntbinp    nlno    for
A brief resiimVof methodsand conditions, pervailing at the Cardiff, South
Wales, coaling'station. This is one
of the earliest bunkering ports, and at
the present time is handling more coal
than any other fuel station In tho
world. . The mechanical equipment Js
such that heavy tonnages    may   be
handled with the minimum of breakage. ■    ' ' y    , -'
Cardiff and coal are two words quite
suggestive of each other, but the position of Cardiff' as the premier coal
port of the,world has not been attained without- a struggle. * The wealth of
South Wales Itsolf Ib, of course, duo-
to Its groat coal resources, Tho Industrial population of all Glamorganshire owe their livelihood to tho conl
Industry and tho port ot shipment of
tho greater part of the-production of
tho mlnos Ib Cardiff, whoBO docks
woro originally1 built and financed by
tho Buto family. The dock property
Ib still principally nowned by tho Mar-
quls of Bute, though operated by tho
Cnrdlff Rnilwny Co., which waB cront-
cd In"1887. All through their career
thoro hns been no Inck on tlio pnrt of
the Iluto family to rondor service to
tho public,
Early History.
Tho Cnrdlff Docks woro commehcod
In 1830 and the Buto West Dock wns
completed and oponod tn tlmt year.
This dock has nn nron of 18 acres nnd
Ih AWH) ft. long by 200 ft. wldo, whllo
Its quayage Is 8800 ft. In length, in
addition to wnroliousos nnd trnnslt
shodH on the ()uay nldo for tlio storngo
of goods there are twelve stnltliB .Cq:i1
loading or trnnsfer platforms)) for tlm
londliig of ronl. Close by nnd lend-
Ingoiit of the docks Is n dry dock 2_ir.
ft. long, with n dopth of 12 fi. nnd nn
Piilranco 40 ft. wldo.
Tho l.nst Bulo l.oc.< wns constructed
In 1855 nnd nn nddlllon wns mndo to
ll four years Inter. It b. In direct communication with the son by a lock
200 ft. long and 55 ft. wide. Tho dock
Itself linn nn urea of II acres, and Is
IM0 ft, long mid from iioo .to SOO ft.
wldo, with 0,360 scj, ft, of quny spneo.,
Thoro nre 10 slnlths, for the Blitpnwit
of conl, three hydraulic bnllnsf oration,
capnblo of discharging 100 tons per
hniiv    nml   nn   J..M,.«„t. , .
rnpnpltlos nf trum •> to •>« iom,   wblV
lending from tlio mnln dock nro throe
I bom: nnd whotlior thoy tun from over
work, or whether thoy dlo from brain.dry docks.
Is jdli-oidi-r brought on by trying to ovadn     in 1XT4 tho Honth Mnsln wns opened
propounded by Blr LowIr Mclvor, form- j logout Inn of n palliative kind such nn
or Unionist ni-imbor   nf    IMrllntnont,
wno wniw from AIx-J.is-lh._r__-;
"My ncrvnnta Urn pnrtly In the count,
try, partly on a holldny, pnrtly In lown.
I nm nbroitd for my honlth> sake, but
nm it law-abiding cltlsen/ anxldus to
obey when I ran. but tbey do not a«ll
tnvitr. n'.'c p.a._i..fc In Ihe iUults '...k.olt,,
I ennnot talk with my servants because
l.lovd .Uor.-.p's Intni-nTirp Art 1w win
not JmubJc die workvrs it groai deal-
but tin. r.nly hope for thtf, workers of
the world and society nt largo Ih thist
tlu»y will "pass nwny.** nud wa So-
elalU'H cannot deny .hem n Inst kick.
—Kd.)
It is provld.
Australia soon will have Its   flnt
I _uu mi. tl.ui-_.     I . ...__,.>t Ut'* Klumi.tt- Hrf'»"«Hii.iitnuil railroad, n lino about
because I am here," ,   j:i,000 miles lonr.
Thtr, fourtwn of »il» smantt h»v#»; 	
written to sir f.owls. protesting that!   .rirtudlng natives aud Kuropeuns H_»
»hn net wilt be Injurious   to   them.'poptilntlfni of India Is CIS,000.000,
with un nmaof i2nrrcs,
ed M-tth 1 "fnltln- tfr »v
coal; thoso nro chiefly moveable and
willi a moveable mine, thus enabling a
vessel to load nt ench imtrhwuy with-
out moving. Adjoining this Is a dry
dock COO ft. long nnd so'arranged that
ve.scl* c«n dork lrre»peetlve of the
htnt-fl nt the Udc,     landing out of «h«
are the .cold,'stores for dealing with
perishable cargoes. ,  _   .
The largest'" and latest dock ls tlie
Queen Alexandra, opened by the-late
King Edward ,VII.,on July 13/1907.
It has-an'area-of 52 acres with'a
secondN deep water'.entrance to the
Roath Dock, making a total water area
available, for "shipping of 85 acres.
With two Independent, exits It may be
'.'orked, as either one or two docks
andls capable of dealing with the largest vessels.- The south side of the
dock Is devoted exclusively to coal
shipping- appliances, and two transit
sheds, cattle lairs and,chill rooms, as
well as hydraulic' cranes capablo of
handling up to 70 tons, hnvo been provided, y ■     '
Tonnage .Handled
.Thnt Cardiff has prospered exceed,
lngly well is*shown by tho following
table of Imports.and cxportB for tlio
years stntod:
Years Imports Exports Total
1S80 .... 1,H1,3I» 7,145,102 8,280,415
1890 ..,.1,020,503 12,573,283 14,190,840
1000 ....2,520,943 18,700,413 21,230,35(1
1910 ....2,734,113 24,033.081 20,707,101
Although coal in tho chlof fonturo of
Cardiff's irado there Is a subsiontjnl
quantity bf pltwood, Iron ore, grain,
tlmbor, "otc, Imported and tho port
now ranks nftor London nnd Liverpool
ns tho largest Importer of frozon monl.
Tho totnl shipments of con! handled
nt this dock In 1810, a yoar after It
lind beon opened, wns only 43,051 tons,
but In, 20 yoars this hnd liicreiisod lo
1.7l» 1.005 tons, nnd In ifioo to 18.029,.
107 tons, nnd In mo, tho latent ro.
turns Issued, over 2,1,141 .hrb torn, were
shipped, '
Thohfiiiiliig vnluo of tho'best Soulli
Wnlos coal |H Very high, and being
smokeless tlm onghioors of nil tho prJii.
rlirnl Htonmship companies, ns woll
ns tho llrltliih Navy, regard It ns tho
finest ronl In i|l0 market, Ono colliery
In tho Glamorgan district hns boon pre-
duclng for Bonm f,o yonrs nnd in now
evincing renewed activity, owlrfo to the
■nbstjlullon ot electricity for slenm,
Tho rnilwny cars nro usually lifted
ntnrlglit migioa t0 tho linos of tlio
nuny by moaus of an liydrnulTo hoist or
shoot, rim pin I form carrying the
rails Is hinged to tlio main (able of
•'"' ;;" ""« ttA outer edge, nnd loll
pro-,,,,,  .y,,,:,,-,,u0   mmmt*i
io Incline the vhuoii and dUcImrgc the
lond Into thn wmi* as toon »« the mnln
llftlriB rear lm . rnlncd tho wholo to n
J"!!rth,<'. ,*V"1,   Thl" lfl nw B}'B,om ,n
l"         '-   •   '*•"   '■»•'   0(»l n.*i   in   ..l.tilt I
Urltnlti; but nt the mite nnd Queen
Alexandra. Dorks nt Cardiff, there ts
n special patent in use cnlled the
LewlMiun-rr baling Cranes,
Uwls-Hunter Coaling Crane   ■.
Tty this system thn enr in .lumped
in the hood "of the,l»x>"o'that"when;b'e;;
ing, lifted .byj.tie:"chain'.;it-;;wm. stlil
-keep right'side^up.^ -'Attached to ^acli
side of - ttiS -.guide:, of j the" main'-' lifting"
chain ■ are>"two..rother?.caalns,' alsoUfc'
t'a'ched'to,1he crane;-and,wheii the box
is -being-'emptted*''these'Vtwo latter'
chains support^ i'tA'-^Thetaction- of'the
box is'as follows:..:.,-. VA 77 ,  "\*>;"!-'-
It is first lowered ^empty into "a pit"
three-quarters the/freightvdf'tho box
in- depth-and?"wM;theVmouth* of' the
box facin'g;a";dumplhg,platform"aV'one
end of the pit.'*/The car'Is brought'on
to this platform and its, contents dump-
ed into the box by, an hydraulic tilting
apparatusV,.th"e hood'of.the box.servW
to prevept any of.the coal shooting'
into the bottom of the pit, <Nw?." ?■!. .*
-After dumping the ,car'is* taken-off,'
shunted along, "with/the other, empties,
and a full-one brought "on. to the,platform. While this is.being don>,the
full box is lifted by the' crane, swung
over the side and lowered into the hold'
of the vessel." When .the-box-is, al-
most touching the bottom of the hold
the weight is/taken on to the two
chains attached to the top of the. hood,
the pyramidal bottom,-being thus low'-'
ored out, and the coal sliding down the
inclined sides is deposited very gently,
into.the bottom' of the hold. .When
the box Ib empty it,is hoisted"up by
the chain attached to the • pyramidal
bottom, lowered into the pit ana again
filled from the car already brought,to
the dumping cradle.\-  . ', •':-,'
There are, ^of course, two, drops,.,if
the discharge of the,.box intothe hold
can be called a drop, the second' being
small, varying-from•-10"ft.'when the"
the box is empty, to nothing when full?
The boxes are made In two sizes, one
for the.ordinary 10-ton wagons and one
for 'handling „a smaller one, generally
of 7o tons"; the smaller one, however,
is?being gradually superseded by the
10-tonAor ' even larger * Doxes. , The
ones at the Queen Alexandra Dock are
capable1 of dealing with 20-toh cars.'"
, There*is ho doubt that even larger
wagons could be deavlt with, as the
only modification needed would.be in
connection with the dumping cradle,
though.the cranes' would, of course,
have to be" made capable of handling
the increased, weight. The Cardiff
Railway Co has the exclusive right to
use these cranes in the'.Bristol'Channel, and they bave proved-by'far the
most satisfactory methods of handling
coal with the- maximum of. dispatch*
anji the minimum of breakage. - IMs
claimed that" screened coal' shipped by^
these staiths is equal to the. double
screened product handled,by.ordinary
staiths, besides insuring a great "saving in breakages., / ' .-'-. ' ". " "
,- .Efficiency of Apparatus."".. A"
Three or .more cranes, can be worked simultaneously;0n one, vessel,* and
_aH_miir>li_ao_QQn_*«««j.i."« *-_ _ i..__^.' :
- —--—~.—""u-twHo-iiavurueen'nanai1"
ed by'a singleVane in an hour while
6715- tons have been loaded ori'in 11
hours dr an average of 610' tons' per
hour. ■ Many trunk and turret Bteam-
ers load full cargoes pf coal by these
cranes:wlthout any manual labor* what;
ever, and shippers attach so much importance to them, that they'frequently
elect to wait for a berth,rather than
have their coal shipped from the usual
coal staiths.       •-."
The anti-breakage apparatus, first i
used, some 20 years ago, saves,at least
7-Vj per cent,in loading South Wales
small coal, as compared with the loading methods in us© In.other parts "of
the-coal field. South'Wales coal Is
the most friable,* and thlB' additional
saving arises^from the fact that the
box, is delivered right Into .tho vobsoI
nnd therefore ellmlnntos tho'foll which
In some enses. Is/vory 'considerable,
nnd especially nt, night-tlmo when such
closo supervision io the work cannot
bo given. •'      -,    •■■'
Cardiff hns often beon dubbeu tho
"Chicago" of,Wales; but.the title is
rather Inappropriate as Cardiff has
■long historical nssoclatlons, of which
Us Inhabitants aro duly proud, ' if ftn
American -comparison Is needed, nnd
to renders of "Conl Ago" It Is certnln-
ly holpful, Bho resembles Snn PranclR-
co rat hor than* Chicago. Tho trad*
facilities and lis command of raw mn-'
tennis, glvcB Cardiff an unrivalled
Plnco nmong tho ports of the world.—
Conl Ago.-    • ■ '
A ptylGooas5B6ot|, -l Shoes "A
Xy V''.:Menss;'Furnishings  Xsy
V^firocetfes^raits' 'andy/:',
:X rProyisibiis' Afc ^ X i •
BelleviM/Mlfea;
i-'^.i
Ah . ■
:PS
. y- ■
We have just opened; our large spring ship A
' ment of of these famous shoes4and liave-the
best range of ..$4.50; $5, and $6 shoes ever'
shown in Hosmer..   See the new styles dis-:
played_this week" in south windo%v. .      '■ S-
A.
Hosmer
&   SON
Hillcrest, Alta.
y
Glean arid Gbmioi^W
Meals; U:
Choice Wines,; Liquors and Gigkrs
f. , ,?"p;j: CUNNINGHAM/Proprie£or'  "yy
ym
"is.*...
AaIaBEAIS
.?" ,   A ;   y\ We carry a' full line ofl V1 _;''.   ''; •; A .'',
Red Feather &.Tartan Canned Goods
'        •"    *  A '' ,, - ' --..  yS, \'-t ,y.'   :■„   ....
Prices Right  L a
Satisfaction guaranteed or, money back
Phone 103       :•:    -;. Frank, Alta.
i,i
* - -
■yyi
■;,m
Special Sale of Flatware
?o0onre"fennled"»ea'w Dinner Knlvos, dt $1.25-per half doz,   ,""
1835^ Wallace Bros. Tea or Dinner knives, $2.00 per half doz."
% Doz.-only Dinner KnlveB, best plate, $1.76. "■    - - V* *■-' ■
%;Doz.- only Toronto Sliver Plato Tea KnlveB,'- $2.26, ,'«y '
1847 Rogers''Bros. Dlnnor Knlvos, $2.00, por half doz.. » '
Rogers'.Best Platod Table-Spoons at 4Gc. each,    -
Wm. Rogers and Son Tablo Spoons $1.75 per half doz, '        " -'
JSS ?°S«r8 Bros. Tablo Spoons, $2.76 per half doz.    '
1847 Rogers' Bros.-DosBort Spoons $2.50 por half doz.i
.Tea and pinner Forks, best* plate, $1.75 per half doz.
Wm. Rogers' and Son Dlnnor Forks, $1.60 por half doz,
Wm. Rogors' and Son Al Tea Forks, $1.76 por half doz,"' '
A.C.   LIPHARDT,   JEWELER
>«_
do row's and heca go to liua-
olilld:   wlint   n   (jupstlon.
"Mil
von?"
"Mercy.
Why?'    '
" Tauso If they don't the milk nnd
lionoy tho preacher snld wns up there
-inust bo nil canned Htnrr."—noBtoh
Trnnscrlpt. s
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
y   j     ...   , '     .    ,     •■    .    .
And Nothing but tho Bost In Fresh
and Smokod Moats, Fresh and
Smokod Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., ffo to
THE 41   MARKET CO.
*
^AM GRAHAM, Msniger -• PHONE 41
1       f
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries,  Dry Goods, and General Merchandise
Thft PftonI
p'q
Stni»o
  ••-. ~. ....., Into a b_K,> i,ox, which in its turn la
Roalh Ilasln U th* RoMh Horn whlrh \depo.lto.l |„ ,„.. tM,«»'« hold      Thl,
wm first usnd in jv,7.    ,, hM Rn lrM| j.PpitoBW , „„„,.,,, ft/ g
of M «m» and I* 3IM tt. long wllh | wllh » «orMfchv mufini It I. msde ol
a «jt>«yag<r- nt 4T^t\ p,j, u.    t '   '    " '
m*nt Of both of lhr-M> rlnrfc*
latem typo, and at th« Itoalh i^k'cer.!^ m»l XXX^'thtmSTii"ral'l*
,T!!« ^jnlp. 'um |»a *h,i „Uamldal In shape. The
Its 1» of the main cnn<> riutn Is atUrhed at th<.
I_.»,_.    n._.__.'u.i.. i ...
Owned by
the People
Managed fay
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
P
I Olir Pav Hatr ,Qr%«^;nlr*
Swifts Premium Bacon
Canned Pumpkins
Raspberry Vinegar -
Roses Lime Juice, pts.
Orange Meat   -! -
Preserving Kettles -
A few B, C. Potatoes on hand, these have all
been picked over, per sack $2,00
AH Profits Divided Amongst Customer's
rt
>v
Per lb. 30c
3 cans 50c
er IA 36c
"   30c
3 pkg's 35c
each $1.25
'.'  ^
fl!
,   t-1      J*\
ICii.-.ii ":,■> >**■._.-»-.
. 7-- '■"
y.^Vhj.*,
. -  <■■■
r-yr1
y?A
"     ^'lY^"''''^   *-*    ^    ra^^V.&fr^V'V*'*   l   ^H^g^rf   ^^)^*W1rl{X.fj^.V^
L,»s»^\*-S£sn_rt\*__t si^C^p^-T^11-.* fu^1** *".-_-,'..
.',-..v'*f«K;;-'i'v —
V   :t  ,>' i       ■   *--'-i*l-"-V--'- -J-     ,''ix"J  *  -•-   *--*»•! lift ■'•?-- ••'&+$.* V- J-.    r'V^.'J-S <v?-*,i*-«J;r '  nf
^.^^^^^EBB -I)tg!eB^foED^B^—
sfe'/-
, u
gB. 0.,7ATJaTOT;i7,1912:
'CA
J!
If*!..
■ <--.
"TV
A.f,2(87Q.OOOl_
s A.S,6pOi(ft)0v
...Head Office -
HAMILTON
u. r.j.y i*.._.: _,
■44,000,000;
£<fcient attention, bo do the officers of",t^e Bank7
j? ;A>f Hamllton^ndeavbiitp render" to' depositors?
'yj^very, s^rvise ,CMsl8tent;iwith^conservatlVo';
ybankiag".practice.Ay■' "yy^ry'SSyy"•
fyy 'No deposftris' too;smairto^asWre'the:.de-i.
«y posltor considerate'. treat_^ent~the^savlngsJ
- accounts of^those In modWate^,circumstances'?
.are 'welcomed ^yHh^.coiirbesy.1 and;.wlth",ab;
^euce. of undue form^ts;"'w_ilcIi'm^^?bank-!.
A:'ijrig\a,CQnyenIe^ ' ■'' '"■-■•' "■
*ys y^ti ~\*\~.tq-y? f
J. R. Sloan, Agent
i'_ •-.'".
;^*V\
'-W'
y.^j-.-t,-*;
fo,
h->..
v;
m
\
v-
A-'.Ak   +- -,
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
-.   __       *■> * ' -    \ *_,   i __, A*-    ^    »    ■■     v    i '
Lumber for Ma
Purposes   ;   \
f    -  r.i _. ,.-,.,■ ~, .- - y •
here at..any time and, in -any• •
qua'nity? A-^oa cannot'swamp -
us with a* large* order,; o? give
us so-small a one; that we will .
riot;attend to) it A ■', - ,, . ■
THERE ARE^BOARDS.' BEAMS
J0I8T8, SHINGLES, EtcA*' . .;
for anyyklnd *of. building' you *
may ,be< at-.work-upon. ;lHave -
,'u,s< send vyou;.>what -yoii1 want*',
when'-you want'it.    ■ '.y "'--'' -
OFFICE.and,YARD,  McPHERSON 'AVB., OPP. a N. .DEPOT, , F__R._l__vA' ■
"-.-w^-*.,t_--^.^
.f-$s:s~<>£ii
PAOEfBBEBA,
,We all khow'of"soiriV;family"\iifcdur,
.-"r.j-jL.vir. Mj.y^-jfif-v.
Dip. Kelley
<i»f Men
A ^y Modern Methods
B6Q6'Af^MoM|Sison
Special treatment for other diseases' of. meii:-.", Neroua -WeakneaacH, ;
Varlccae Velna, Hydrocele,' Blood aiid Sklu'> blaordera. Soiren TJIccru, Kid-
ner, Bladder aud'Rectal'Dlaordcra^Vtc., : and ';Contracted    Ailment_.?
.Proatate. GInud Innammatlon, Old Chronic Conditions. •'     '"-
"V; y :'Mws^wm;oiF^_kJaic^ '
'■rln ,thls--G_reat',Mn8eum-i8, siiown   by^iife  size'models,  monstrosities,
noimar and'iabnormaCcondltlons of,the various'parts' of the'bodyrUlus-
Jtrattng'. fully both" Hrute and clironlc dlaeascH'of men. "7,   -v!% , '     {;',,--    7
A'"" /V   "'.'.*.• ' >'' •     v-' '^' "',*( -; ,- •' „"., -?.?' „•''■ .- "'*--., " % ?'!*"_.
.-*     Free Consultation awd Advice  ':-
;  MV MOTTO:' QUICK, LASTI-VGGiJAnANTEED •';QUKES':1t:- Mli-IRW.
~ATE COST." _
*"' Bip^rt, Medical   ExamInutiou,?Pree.'; Free    Examination  , of « Urine *
when necewsary.    , CouruH ,Me—FREE.   -' Don't    Delay fDelnya  ''are.
danfferonB.v Call or wrileA   Ffep Book. Bverythlna: confidential. Hours t
,0 a.m. to 8 p.m.{ Sundays, 10 a.m.  to 1 p.m.       /   7 '."        ','•-
>^.-
Dp. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard^ Spokane
Sanatorium atr Frank
i •!
Rocky Mouutain!?
SAMTORnii
J '    A ■ A.        " ' • „
.;.; at.the, famous y;-
.Sulphur Springs
Every  Convenieuce
_, \ - '   ' ' '
"   Bus at all, trains
Tlie Frank Wine & Spirit Go.
.,. Wholosalo J)onlprs in     *    ■
i, Liquors and
CIGARS      .'.-"■.
FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK
'   .   Phone 83, Frank, Alta,
Stephen T. Humble
, Dealer ih,
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE •*'.. Alberta
JL .lYJL J3U&IMJ&1 I
Dealer In
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes'
Men's Furnishings   ,
Groceries   Fruits,Flour &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc..
v       i j
Best   Goods   wkTk.  ILowesi   Prices
Hillcrest
Alta.
community "that is" larid"?ipdor;' Vo:-(o
speak..' At? some time they?-or "their
ancestors% owaed °a^nne'(.large; estate
.with, extensive .grounds.,' and,Va., big,
house. Possibly - the^ original ,,owuer
lvfiew of no other means of,." investing
his money- .possibly"-'he^'desiied cv. io
make a show, in ?the .community; and
possibly he had "men,, in", his /employ,
in' connection 'with- the ^operation. o"t'
miHs or .some., other business, .whom
hecould?use.at off-times* to., care for
the. grounds .and 'buildings., ''■ At "any
rate', .conditions have .changed. _., '.The
grounds are,now -unkept"; ,the house
n'eedsorepairing; it IsAmpracticai. to
heat It ,ln winter pa'account of^the.ex-
perise." Jlost of the family have either
"died off or married aiid-the small remnant is unable^to hkeep the place going; In many instances the family
is not ln so good financial circustances
as formerly^ but .this ,1b .-not.; always"
the case,'for often lt is only the surrounding conditions that have chang-
<y\*" ;/-y.>,y-\ 'a
In short, the owners of the house.are
simply,property poor,.tlielr needs be-
,ing overcapitalized,,   in iny old 'home
city'of Gloucester, Massachusetts, people^ refer to such a family, as" being
"waterlogged," which defines it veiy
well, "especially A to   one, who * knows
what Is\meant by,a water-logged ves,-,
sol.1" 'Moreover, there is only one cui*e*
for'.water-logged" yess'el.'and that Is
to get ;thet vessel on', dry 4and,' and
squeeze''* the water, from-it. , In .the,
same", way there,'is only" one cure.forYa
family, that' is."struggling'.under, an
_ estate .thatistoo large-for it'; namely,
to pull dpwn the house, sell off\ a portion oft the land and build a neat little
.cottage in accordance s with', present
'needs. XX7y:y\   .X-'   ->* -. ''
'   Now the, ^reat trouble with a number of, our .corporations is that they
also are water-logged or, like our aristocratic .old neighbors, are staggering
under,  a   'capitalization too. great'for
them. -1 mention this in order to make
clear.thatCthis"article, although written primarily as one of a series ou? reducing wthe cost? of,ii'ving, is'written
also in Jthe interests of "the, honesl
stockholder and investor.   A company
with a capital stock larger than legit:?
mate expediency requires is like a man
.wearing shoes' of a 'size larger {.han he
needs.   .If* w;e wear size,nine shoes it
is no advantage'to us to purchase*a
pair ?of "elevens because . we can get
.more^Ieather4for-=tiie^«ame=aiTiount=of-
money! f  AVe.are simply beating our-
'selyes"/_by such, an, acf" \ The, same is
true" in' the"?case .of, stockholders Jn
corporations.^ Some stockholder's'may
thinks that-they can beat the public by
issuing a,capital greater 'than  'they
need; but-in the?end they will-Wat
themselves' * for ,.' their   corporations
will*   become."'" disorganized,  • graft'-
ridden and .water-logged in endeavoring to keep up appearances commensurate , with ,lhls fictitious capitalization.   '-, ' ■   ..'   - .
■  \ Why It Costs So Much,to Live -^
" The" most successful corporations to-
day "are .those .whose'capital Is bona
fide nnd legitimate, representing only
real'money Invested. • Those nre the
corporations that are a source of pro>
fit to,the stockholders, a factor In our
nation's* progress nnd nn honor to us
all, "' In addition to paying a fair rate
of dividend, thoy are able both to sell
gqodB at fairly low prlcos and thereby
hold" their trado, nnd at the samo time
"to spond proper sums on nlalntenanco
and unlceep, nlwnys Improving . the
stockholdorfl'property. On the othor
hand, a corporation that Is struggling
under too largo a capitalization Is forced to nsk ridiculously high prices—
hold an umbrollnover the rest of the
trndo—thus stimulating chenp competition, nil of which results in the-do
mornllzntlon' of the .trade with ultl'
liiatoly higher prlcos for tho consumer,
Moreovor, ,theso ovorcapltnllzod cor
porntlons nro so proesod for monoy
with whloh to pay dividends on tholr
wntowi Btoel., thnt tljoy aro unable
properly to maintain tholr plants, In.
stall tho latest machinery and uso tha
most modern jaboi'-BavIng ■ devices,
which In (Turn tends aho to hold up
the consumer.
Therefore, aa nbovo auftKostod, thoso
romnrJ-B against ovorcnpltaltontlon
should bo rond ns cnrofully by tho
stockholder ns by tbo cononmor. for
ultimately tho Interests ot both nre
Identical, This Incronsod cost of
living, outsldo of tho Incronsod gold
production, Is now duo primarily
lo ton ■ fuotorn—■» ,    ' /
1. Overcapltalftntlon or Industries,
nnd speculation.
2. Waste and fraud In tho distribution of Roods, with useless soiling expenses.
3. Individual extravagance nnd social compotlilon.
•», mow in ot cttios and neglect of
.a. AwJjyf,
r.. IrrogulArUlcs of tax lawn, and
unjust nM*>»8lnf.?
(t, Lndc of civic Itilcrost. and ab-
normnl Royprnmont oxpondlturoB.
T,     MkUurtwu «1 Jlrtlllftll tr'H011H'<-8,
and otlwr Waste, • *
8.   Unions, tho tariff and tho trtiKts.
0, Change In lho tide nnd oliftrnc
tor of Immigration.
10. Loss* from slcknons/ IOIciiors of
womon, and nnprodnrflv/'nnut of the
no^produolnR classes.
Althouirli n«'flrlv ov^ry jiinn hiw n
rtlffprenl mison Tor Hie (.resent romil-
tions of labor—and certainly thoro are
many ro&sonf-yei "one 0f the most
Important Is the overcapitnlixation ol
our lnduitrl*«.     The nw«*My Mrl
desire to,pay dividends on,.overcapitalization.-((as"caused thV management
oi .'many' corporations both to? force
up the price -?6f .the, product'and .-to'
hold' down "the^ -wages of" labor, Ahus
squeezing the consumer'at both''end's?'
"„ Moreover; in^m'aking this statement
I fully recognize' that labor is receiving'higher wages and is producing less
tnan'ever before? '"^ am willing to.admit also'-that the'laborer is receiving'
moreen the necessities' of life' per1
hour labor than ever before in .-the'
history of the'world, and'from '.'this
point oTview the cost of living ' per
■hour labor has 'diminished instead of
increased.'. On the' otner hand, everything'In this world is .ymatter of
comparison, and considering/vvhat the
capitalist in-some;. branches, of busi-
nesss is recelvlng^tbday per hour labor, tbe'contrast. Ib.very discouraging
to. the wage-earner. • \
h Tbis Is. a point which the/reader
should most carefully note, for -.it Is
often overlooked. In.'dlscusslonsdf the
increased cost'of living.    The capitalist -Insists that he. is paying higher
wages and receiving* less work' than
ever before, arid therefore he has no
sympathy   for 'labor.     The   laborer,,
knows that he is jpaying'more for. his
goods and has less' money left at.the
end of'the week'thanever before, and^
consequently is" bitter toward .'capital.
Tne facts of the'case are that both bf
these statements"'''are   probably true',
because It is not a question 'of ji'ow
much-work the capitalist' receives for
'a dollar;, or how muclrof the necessities of life the laborer receives for'a
dollar,*.  , The" great economic "and so-,
dal question is .''.-What proportion-of
the dollar Is each of 'these interests'
receiving today ?!'   This Is a question'
that? underlies jhe cost of living.
/Capital stock,'theoretically,, is issu-"
.ed ,to   cover  three ,kinds  of 'assets,
cash, property and good-will. - Practically, it is issued' for only two kinds of
assets, (I)' casli'and real property, arid
(2) ficticious property and good-will,
in my study of the early corporations
I «finl   (hat once  no  si:ch  thing a-*
ovei'oaijHalization"existed- in fact;'the
first flasiuntocase of 'ov.'rc-ipilwiiza-,
tion that, I.find waslu the eighteenth"
century,   when; Johil  Law  orgMifzed
his  famous  Mississippi  Bubble.      It
wa's at'.this' time," when the" rule of
plutocracy-succeeded to that of .arls'-'
tocracy," that" the evil first common.-'
ed? AThis.:wi_s-about the ii'mo of"o:n'
■RevolutionaT.v~\Va'iHiwltll7ii!HSI!nr07wJ_
/Readers; may be Interesle;! .to l.now
that it was.arthis time that the Rotliv-
child/aniflygo't 1st start', for In. 1776
King George;III., of=England, gave to
the Elector of Hesse a large sum of
money for .the use. of the Hessian'
troops, so-Pt-lled, / " Tlie "Elector of
Iless4,'h6w-";er,'saved tlie larger por-''
lion of Mils'iioeny and turned It.ove'
to a lubneylenc'er who operated'a shoo
known.as the -"Red Shield," in English, or'as^ "Rothschild" lri the nitive
language. Not only were tlie Rothschild's given the privilege ,of loaning'
this mor'ey, but also tfie money received from the' collection of Incomes aud
rents'due the Elector of Hesse.' Thus,
after the; elector was compelled, to
fl^ from the country, theso revenues
were still collected by the' Rothschilds
who lent, them out at Interest and Invested the same wherever It could he
done with'safety, Thus"success of
the Rothschilds caused others to, develop a s-hillnr lino of business until
ihero'woro-mora funds, seeking Investment thnn there-were safe rhnn-
nel?i of Investment,
Tho Eeajnnlng bf Overcapitalization
A. 'necessity Is tho mother of Invon-
Hon," the promoters bogan to overcapitalize In ' ordor to provide more
capital for thono rapidly accumulating
fortunes, nnd the cost of living began
to Incren'so. This ovorcopltnllzntlon
continued to grow In England until a
shoct tlmo ngo, - whon tjio English
imsaod tholr Corporation ;\ct which
somowhnt chocked thoso common
practices, , In our country It Blurted
in good earnest nftor our Civil Wnr,
when the corporation laws of our various states wore revised lo permit tho
capitalization of good-will, ' A tremendous overcapitalization llion took
plnco at onco, which wnB a groat factor In precipitating tlio pnnlc of 187.1
nnd tho disturbances of th« eighties,
ThOBo woro largely Industrial panics,
but later on this ovorcnpltnllzntlon
sprond from tho Industries to tlio railroads, and tho overcnpltallzatlon of
our railroads wns it groat fnctor In
proolpltntlng tho panic of 180,1. About
this tlmo the, famous Now Jorsoy corporation law wbb paused, which not
only permitted but encouraged tho
capitalization of good-will and tho In-
flntlon ol1 .prporatlons, to which lnw
the panic of 1007 wns largely ritif..
Tho overenpltnllzntlon of nn Inrtni.-
try moans tbo capitalization of intnng-
iblu propony und good-wlll, with tho
payment of .nit-anu-d illvidendH. A
corftofallon which is rapltalleod only
for nn amount mi mil to the ronl not
value of Its iictiiii. properly, accounts
nireivuwo nnd Piish )s not ovorcflpllnl-
litod, and In my opinion such n corporation Is entitled to enrn Inrgo dividends on (his nipltnl Btoelc. Jiorti-
over, the very fact It Is not ovosrcnpl-
tallwd will—according to the lnw of
fhn Kiirt'fvnl of th*. fIUc»t-caustc It
to keep down prices and.bid up wages.
-irany corporal.ons toilay,howuvbr,ur«
capllalkod also for tlielr Intanglbln
proporty, and then In addition to alt
this Issue moro walurod stock, foi
which nol even tho excise of good-
Kill Is glTwi.    If space would permit
f^S0™" ,lik-e. i°-: ^y^X^^i' °f
s^.^^flagrant' overcapitaiigation'; b-A
tp?' one?who will"turn'to the'reporc
of-, the United States Industrial Commission will find all the data "desired.
ItTis an intensely'interesting volume
and endeavors to show in an unprejudiced and careful manner the great
overcapitalization existing'today hs'.v
result' of the issuance-of- stock tor
other than tarig!bie''propret3Vto w'liUh
our increased living expenses are
largely due:'   .      ■••"' ;    '    "
"From stndies I have' made of this
question, based ' upon\both   this . and
other reports   of   the, United,pitates
Commission, _ together ; with" published
figures   of othe'National Corporation.
Tax Returns, I conclude" that probably
about $30,000^00,000 of stock Is outstanding today which was issued«<for
other thann real property.   \On  this
stock dividends of about $1,500,000,000
each year are being paid, amounting to
about'$18 a person, or'nearly $100 an
American . family?     if  these, figures
areycorrect—and I grant that they'are
purely 'estimates—it means  that'-'an
average family,, in'this country is paying a tax of $100 a year in supposing
the'overcapitalization of our' industry
es,     If- so? is there any doubt as to
overcapitalizations being one reason
for the increased' cost of living?   Ce'r
taihly to pay."these   dividends"; and
force this tax of $100 a family on the
American people- means either' that
wage's are being held down abnormally
low or that prices are being ralse.1 artificially high, 'and personally. I feel
that the latter Js Jhe case.    Moreover
in.making this statement I wish to
emphasize that;I do' not oppose paying-dividends, however    large   thev
may be,' 'on honest Capital, as there is
nd reason why the large corporation
is: not entitled to make as miicn in
percentage as the 'small corporario'i.
oyin .fact,  the;individual  business
!man.A     *      ,*    \%
I am,-however,.unalterably opposed
to larger-inflated, fictitious' capitalizations, andtthis includes "many of. the
common industrial stocks listed, on
pur stock ..exchanges, which corporations in' turn "control the prices of
l'ecessities of life'and do much toward making/the'* cost of living so
high. . . Tlie ^official .figures abovere-'
fei-red to'are as follows:'
National Corporation Tax Returns.
(The1 following figures are given for
years ending June' 30,' 1910, and June
"SOTTjjTr, '"respectively )
.' Capitalization'; i $52,371,626,752; $57.-
SSe^SO.ulOj.iricrease', $5,514,803,767.
-Bonds' and -^Debt, ' $31,333,952,696;
.$30,715,336,008;; decrease, ■$618,616,688.
Dividends ;V$3,125,480,000;" - $3,360,250,-
6-12; increase 234,770,1)42." .. .s :
, NoV of Corporations,' 262,4'90°; 270,'-
202; increase; 7,712.."    '*'y       '; -
Personally,' I very much doubt1 if
good will.is ever justly entitled to capitalism. Of course there are Instances where, large amounts have- been
paid .for ^patents, _ and corporations
may be entitled to capitalize what was'
actually paid-in cash for these patents; but certainly the company
should-capitalize theso'patents.for no
greater sunv-thnn tho cash prlco,paid,
This capitalization should bo system-
atlcnlly,written off each year, moreover, so that when the patents expire there' will' be,no capital stock
outstanding representing theso - patents. , The same thing nlso applies
to copyrights and nil other slmilnr
property. * As abovo stnted, however,
I do not believe that evon patents
nnd copyrights should beonpltiillzed
for their valuo Is more or loss of ti
fleeting. nature and depends not on
the certificates rocolved from tho govornmont so much ns on (ho ability of
tlie snlcH force to push the goods,
Thoro nlso Is a moral reason why I
nm opposed to tho' capitalization, bf
good-will aB It Is ordinarily nttomptccl
by tho 'avorago corporation Inwyor;
and I mlglit'add horo that our natlon'H
Inwycrs nro probably as much rospon-
fllblo for the prosont unhonltliy economic inference between wealth and
capital.', Wealth may bo of,valuo for
tlio moment only, while cnpltnl should
bo of permanent vnluo, Mere wealth
Is und only con bo security for vnluo,
nnd unless represented by actual cnslt
Hliould not bo considered as cnpltnl, I
might Illustrate what I moan by referring to tho call loans mndo by tlio
vnrious banks of Now York on stock"
oxchnngo collateral, A bank will loan
fo:. Jnstnnco $20,000 on 200 slmrcH of
Unltod States Stool stock soiling ap.
proximately nt 60 and 200 shares of
-.liosnpnalto nnd Ohio Rnllrond Btoek
selling approximately nt 70, which
Blocks today havo a market vnluo of
sny $20,000. Now thn lonn of $20,-
000 represents capital, nnd tho Btonks
amounting to $20,000 represent wonlth.
Pnvfnlril" 'tr  ll\n   p~<i,».,   , r   if       iii
*  •- -•*      V.      . .♦(,       ..b.MS.f
of iluw HtoPkR n\\tmU  irwlnv W- appraised It would bn nppmlHnd nt J2<l •
(.-u, which would bo coiiBMr-rort    a
pnrt of the holdor'ii wonlth.     On 111*
othor hand, tho hank considers tluiho
Rtorks worth *?fir_f._i r»t.i\- (..-• »*,,    ,..,,
incut, and if tho United states Hu.<il
stock or the Chesnpnnke   nnrl   Ohio
Htock drops 10 points,' the bank lm mo-
dliitcly cnllujion tho mnkcr of tlm note
Mr nddltlonnl socnrlty.    In fnct, tho
rending of the note acknowledges tlmt
iiii-hd Hiorks nt*« not of porinniiPiu v«- j
In.*,  and although    they    rcproRont I
•zenith, do not represent capital.   The!
real capital In tho abovmlllust.nlloii Ik I
only $20,000, nnd this note i_._o.ilrt bo j
capitalized for only $20,000, Irrespee-!
tlvo of tho momentary \«luu of th«i
stocks. j
v. Jho' Real Owners of Goodwill? 7 '
»■■■*•• -Wa*' ** -T'   *--* ""v;* - -' *v* ■**- hs-j-r^ - y
-^Moreover; the banks themselves" and.
«t^4!?df^a. In thlB", counter car.1
make/or unmalce "the 'value 'oif'these,
stocks., Assume that Tine banks .shpuld
get" together and, refuse to..'loa_f'"here-*
aft"er?ton.;>lther of.', these stock's;'; j-Iri"
my 'opinion, these stocks"would" drop'
in, tweiityjfour hours fifty per cent.'
.Therefore,, when considering wealth
apart-from "capital, it must be recognized ".that, wealth—so. far as Ids-dependent on'good-will—is'really of va-
lue'fjpurely by public sufferance and because you.J and the rest of the ninety
million "people in this country are willing to permit it -certain' privileges.
Now, is it just to "posterity, for us to
allow-a corporation to mortgage this
good-will," which mortgage our "children and? > grandchildren must pay
through' a constantly Increasing cos",
pf living? In .other words, who owns
the good-will? o Is it the buyer; or the
seller? _, Personally, I believe" that
from a moral point of,view it is the
buyer rather than' the seller.'' It requires no Socialist to tell that the
Astor estate did not make It's holdings
valuable, but rather that the people
of New York made the* holdings of
the'-Astor estate valuable. , It may be
saldv that Mr. Astor showed'wisdom'
and ability In making his original purchases, and we all arg glad to admit
this fact; but If so he and his descendants-have' been- paid one hundred
times'over fort this wisdom arid business foresight \„This is a question of
great Importance to our nation -today. . • A
If you or I go to a bank and desire
to borrow money we are compelled to
submit a tabulated inventory of our,
actual property, showing real estate,
accounts receivable, cash and other
tangible assets.-A,bank cares not how
much vi;e value our,good-will,'for Its
credit man knows that good-will today
may be bad-will tomorrow. ' Why
should it not be the. same with' a corporation?, If a ■ conservative bank
will not, consider .good-wlll 'in ' the
statement we render, why should we
consider good-will in tlie statements
our corporations render? In short,
there'1 is no reason why the people of
this country should - tolerate laws
which permit _ corporations to over
capitalize"1 or issue'watered.stock, representing no. actual capital, wnili {ie
people themselves in order personol'ly
to obtain credit must include only actual' property in their tabulated statement.      " ■      ■ w .7 ,
It will be .seen, therefore, that the
prevention of overcapitalization will,
render four distinct services: '_ - .'
1. Such action will be'better for
the corporations themselves, makim.
them stronger, and always in ?. nos{-
tion readily to obtain'new capitaLat
o. fair, rate of interest. » It iscassu_ned
that diviends on .real .capital will not
be restricted.      \
< -     t, -
2. Safer for the investor, assuring
hinv that -his certificate of. sto?.!; rt-'
presents real property* and not, supply
hopes. > "j ' t>\ ,   i -'
3, ..vMore just'to labor, assuring lnbor that It will, not be crushed ,n
order, to earn dividends on 'nf'oteU
capital.        y  • ?      \
■i'. Better foi? the.consumer,'knowing .that tho qunilty of.goods and prices will'not be arbitarJIy-manipulated
by a hungry board of directors. ' !
, Of courso I recognize that much of
thiss looked upon-as radicalism, arid
mnny of my friends will criticize me
for making theso statements; but do
not tho facts speak .for themselves?
Are not tho men who oppose (the intor-
forence wltli cnpitnlfzatlou-~mlnd you,
I have not recommended anything
thnt will tend to,handicap progross or
limit tho payment of legitimate dividends, howovor large—simply the des-'
condnntsof tho sincere but stubborn),'
fox-hunting, conservative old J-iigllsli
sfiulros, banisters nnd proaoliors, who
ono hundred years ago calmly propn-
esleil the absolute fnlluro of our Government? Aro not the peoplo who
nro opposing the great soelnl' mov*'-
menu todny simply tho doHcendunts of
theso Tories who looked upon our
grandfathers ns a horde of weald,
seeking revolutionary and socialistic
demagogues?    I.ot uh not forget tlial
every move to reduce'the'eost of _!iv-
Ing, during ':the lastAthree '^hjind.ed,,;
yeare.has .beenj opposed, by the - Vttnd-l
n«S8; of,. Toryism^ the .stubboranes'si'^f*-,
vested; V:eal"th"vand ''satisfied 'ariVtbcr-1
acy,?Jkbreover, every'-'act. that - tHiiiln. A
any way reduced the'cbsiofflvirighas-
been held'as.radicali'smhanarchism^r,
socialism. *'', A ■*■ yi v ■'■ •,V*';. y •"! \ 7-'y
- I feel, "therefore"", .that the effort's oe-
ing made by/a handfuKof. honest lien '
in this country today tb Y.mit capitali-''
zation to actual property" are in..tfie"J
interests of usall.-and represents th'e
far-sighted desire of the most thought-' - ■
ful and unselfish' students of American ',
conditions.     These"men"   are'   doing*,
something,  moreover,  that  will  pre-';
vent  some, future drastic j measures   ;
which otherwise may rock our nation
to the foundations. ' In conclusion, I '
wish*', tb  quote from' William " Allen.-
White: .      , *       .    •   }'
■ "Society," he says,' ''has devoted ay
century to inventions havtng for their,.-,
end "and   aim   tho "accumulation ".'■'ot'.
-Wealth? GAMn_-ir_«/*ii,___*_ e_*« r.Z.ln~—*~~~y±-
the problem's bf'accumulation to'prob-'"•"
lems relating to"_he,equitablel'd_strlbu-',
tion of "wealth.   - It-Is'proper* that'Am-'.
erica-, having lagged', behind the pro-'!,
gress of the .'world in the intelligent-
legal treatment of property ' rights/
should-now set forth 'to get. in-step
with modern' progress bysolvliig mod- -
ern problems:    Tho conservation of "
our natural resources; the care of the,'?
honest poor;  the protection of .working men  against sickness. nnd" accident; the propor, housing of the' mass- '
es;' the prevention of contagious dis,
eases; tho regulation of public service
corporations;   and a scoro, of other'
problems that arise ih considering tiii.-   •
duty of'him who has to him who bus
not.       - , , '
"That thero is a well-defined feeling
In our heai'tri' manifest In our private '
charities nnd our'publlc utlorances In
conventions and legislature that society Is not doing Its duty toward those
who tlo the world's work, no ono who •
hoods public   sentiment   can   doubt,
This sentiment ingrowing.    It Is behind tlio Bo-cnllnd progressive move- .
mont In our politics—giving It moral ■
Impetus. " When thnt sentiment hard-'
ens and becomes tho Bet and  fixed
expression of lho Amorlcnn  pcoplij,
government will respond to It.     l'ov '
nellhor courtH nor constitutions can
-riind" before public sentiment."
•Ami wlint's moro, I nm notnn In-
Hiirfzoiit. ns you mny think.—Smurd.iy ,
I0\<>i)lns I'ost.
Imperial Bank of Canada
.Capital Subscribed
Ressrve Fund ,,,,
HBAD OPPICE, TORONTO
6,000,000      Capital Paid Up  .,..       0,426,000
6,426,000      Total Aliets      72,000,000
O, R. WIUKIE, Pr«ilcf«nt       'HON. ROBT JAFPRAY, Vlot-Prsi.
BRANCHED   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
ArrowhMd, Cranbrook, Pirnls, Golden, Kamloopi, Michel, Moylt, Nation.
Rsvslstoks, Vancouver and Victoria,
•AVIN08 DEPARTMENT
Intsrait allowsd on doposlts at currant rnto from data of deposit,
PERNIK BRANCH 0EO. I. B. BELL, M.nig.r
HIGH GRADE BICYCLES
John Minton
FERNIE BICYCLE STORE
Repilra Neatly Executed
R^nd Post-rard for ratnlogurs of foi-
lowing who.-Ik:
CLEVELAND BRANTFORO.
DOMINION,   PERFECT,   B. 6. A.
MASSEV SILVER RIBBON.
Cyclu on Hire       .:       Accessories.
;1 J.
V   ' yy
********
ST
',i
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THl DfflTWOT UfflOBR, FBEMrflB,  B. 0, AUQdT IT, 1613
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'. - "-■   ?/>"y'v-, ^y-":-. vyy-*y -v y.iy 'vy- -v- -y*"y yy-AA-... -yy.-- •-.;•- ys  l-,\ -
The Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
A Flash pf
Lightning
Is  Just as  likely   to   strike
the house of the  uninsured
- man as that of his more pru
dent neighbor,
is immune.  -
No building
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have a' lightning
clause attached to the policy.
-Then yon needn't worry every
time there is a' thunderstorm.
M. A, KASTNER
Sole Agent for Fernie
CLUB
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
i>
Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazts.wood Buttermilk
DM
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE. B. C.       Phone 34
The world Is' in revolt. In America,
and Europe discontent is raising Its
cry. In the Orient—in China and
India—where hundreds of millions
seemed robbed of-even-, the capacity,
of protest,' there Ib pounding a"n, answering echo of rebellion against uh
necessary and intolerable misery.* :
The-world-wide rebellion has its sinister and frightful aspects. What
has .transpired in China we do not definitely know; but the vague and omln-~
ous stories that seeped beneath the
closed and bolted doors of that-unhappy country haye given, imagination and apprehension ample food
to feed upon. We know that rivers
of blood have been shod. The reaction from centuries of oppression has
come. A population will not concern
Itself with considerations of gentleness and kindness when the' day of
reckoning comes.
' What if the heat and rage of China
should,leap as a flame the barrier of
the Himalayas and the .tinder of Indian misery burst into a blaze of wild
revenge?, *.       - .   .
The question does not come from
any wanton desire to create'alarm.' It
is a question' that has given grave
concern to- thoughtful men everywhere. It is a problem not, confined
to Asia or to what we ln. our' pride
are pleased' to term ,"the more, backward races." In America and in
Europe as well, as in Asia there is
tbe possibility that human patience,
strained to the breaking point, may
find vent in bloody reprisals. What
are the facts of the problem? What
is the path we must travel? I' ask'
the reader'to come with, me in an
honest effort to find wise answers?
An overwhelming majority of the
thoughtful people of America* are con-
man could be prosperous. With great
vinced "that something' is radically
wrong in existing economic, political
and social relations. There is abundant evidence that this conviction'is
vastly more than a mere passing sentiment such • as from time to time
finds expression in so-called "waves
of reform." With the, natural inertia
of large bodies, the people\of the nation have moved slowly, but the most
superficial* observer Is'now conscious
of an' accelerated progress' in ,-the
masses.   '.        ." _'
 _T*_3a_tm.__._*l._^_<'_-.*,.M_4_r,Qttii _.*,,„__,.*.
mind still"persists. There are still
men who contend that things at bottom are sound and -that everything
[would be all right if it were not for
."agitators," but no one with "a decent
respect for. the opinion of mankind"
now dares publicly to assume such a
position. Not so. many years ago it
was seriously argued that If one were
poor it,was one's own fault and that
by "thrift, sobriety and honesty" any
fervor some leaders of thought con*
tended that poverty was a result of individual wickedness' and that to be
prosperous and happy It was only ne-.
eeBsary to bo "good." - Now all this
Is changed. Everywhere the need for
readjustment In human relations - is
conceded, . ,
, With all agreed that "something
must be done" It is easy for any glib
demogoguo to gain some sort of following, Lincoln said It Is possible to
"fool nil the peoplo part of the time,"
and the demngoguo haa beon In his
glory during these times when even
tlio most stupid have been able to recognize that old conditions of industry
nnd old theories of government are
giving place to now. , There has boon
much of downright deceit pructlccd
on tho people. Unscrupulous men
havo made In exchange for voles promises which they had no Intention oi
fulfilling, And It may bo added that
even If tho promises hnd been fulfilled
they would not have brought iho roller desired and demanded.
On the other hand, wo have had a
type of public men who have honestly
sought to socuro n rcdroBR of grlovan-
con, but who have lamentably failed
through lack of understanding of tho
cuubcb of present ovlls. Thoy hnvo
nsfiallod this or thnt evil and havo enforced this or tliat "reform" law, but
In no direction has substantial relief
been glvon. Ao fur as thl. Increasing
cost of living la concerned we are
clearly worse off than w« were ton
year* ago, and this In splto of tho complete control of Industry and govern-
ment by thoso who havo affirmed
their doslro to relieve the pooplo of
unjust burdens.     Only ono logical
view?, to creating .the imprewj^ifc that
r. •      yj. -.-ry.,    ,*■ j.'•*.'• ■ i *', *-*-.'
the -workers were preparing,for.a'-ro-
'*        '        ' -        .V-,     >.     * •*■'  \   '"   T Vl + .J
sort to bdm^thttwlnt..aaa.terrorism.
If .the conspiracy bad not.beeo prompt-
ly exposed it?is?; plain that in the physical and' mental con-usiba following
__n explosion, of; dynamite police and
soldier}' wouldhave been .turned loose
like savage* dogs upon the defen&rfeW
workers.
conclusion, is possible. 7 .Either those
who. -have- been -the masters of our
destiny" have deceived us consciously
in their ? promises. of relief or'they
have? demonstrated/that they do not
know how, stor proceed to lighten the
■burden "which  presses- ever, harder
upoa\tbe shoulders not only of. the
poof hut "upon the well intentloned person known as "the average man." '"
;.- In the present condition of the public mind, as described at the outset of
this discussion,-there is the conviction
of "something radically wrong," but
it is not contended that, more than a
consldearble minority are ready to admit that the leaders of the dominant
political, movement  are  ignorant of
the causes of misery.     Rather is tt
obvious that men like Roosevelt, Bryan and La Follette have a strong hold
on the confidence of the majority.   It
is plain that the majority still hold to
the belief that honesty in the adminls-
tratloa'of the various agencies of government is all that is needed to put
bread In ,the,mouths,of the hungry,
clothes on the backs, of the naked and
bring security into the lives of tbe millions bedeviled, by the specter 6t uncertainty.   ' It would appear, Indeed,
that the utter failure of La Pollette's
"Ideal" commonwealth of Winsconaln
to touch the problem [ot poverty should
create distrust of the efficacy of so-.,
called "progressive" policies. The lack
of any- amelioration of poverty, as a
result of Roosevelt's years of domination is plain'and there is*.an element
of the tragical in the mockery of Bryan
which we" find* in those sections of the
country  controlled  by the,,, democratic party; „ In the cities the Democratic party is the willing tool of corrupt
interests, and. in the South, where its
Bway is undisputed, the1 rights of the
working class are ignored and crushed
with a brutality "and cynicism unmatched in any other section or nation. ••
It is no needful to prove that "the
rich are' growing richer and the poor
poorer" in order;to establish a basis
for an argument,in favor of a change.
Indeed, ,the reactionaries can marshal
strong, evidence to' show that the poor
were never in possession of so many
advantages as' now, but such a showing'does not serve to allay discontent.
It signifies "nothing to prove that .the
average workingman now has^ more
advantages than his-forefathers. As
adults.we require'more food than'we
needed-as-babes.—AHumaa-needB-con-*
stantly expand with civilization. ■   •• -'"
Discontent grows with the widening
gulf between'what' we have and what
we might have. ,     ■' • \
.Jn case of-famine it Is conceivable
that we might - die with reasonable
resignation, but we will not be'eontent
to starve our bodies or our appetites
for the'fruits'of civilization when the
means of satisfying our desires abound
all about us. Hence it does not matter whether tho common comforts are
greater now than fifty, a hundred or
five hundred. years ago. ' The, only
thing that matters Is* that the contrast
between affluence and' poverty was
never so sharp, as in our day. Novor
before did misery bulk' so largo as
now. * A>   '  ~
It Is-very likely truo that politics
is not more corrupt now' than in tho
past. Every age has had its Bcound-,
rois on thrones, on the bench of justice.
and;In the.council' chamber. Tbo
modern r|"mucl_ raker" has had his prototypes who havo exposed tho rottenness of their' dny. Oppression has
nlwnys boon met by—
"Somo village Hnmpdon,   who   with
i.  dauntless breast
The llttlo tyrnnt   of; his   field   with-
stoqd,"
But n vnst clinnge tins- como upon
tho world, n chnngc,,of continuing
transformations and wonders. Wltb
tho various sections of countries
brought Into closer touch through Improvements In tho menns of travel and
communication, It Is bocomlng moro
nnd moro difficult to (.mother thc
truth about nny given Incident or con*
dlt Ion. Consider tlio case of the strlko
or tlie toxtllo mill workers nt Law*
ron co, Mass, Indlsputnblo evidence of
wanton brutality of pollco and soldiery
hnB boon spread throughout tho world.
Tho world la pondering tho canes of
two working clnss lenders In prison
on obviouslly trumped up charge of
being accessory In lho killing of a woman during tho tlmo the workers woro
ou strike. Nor has (he world forgot ton tho ovidence that agents of
mill owners at Lawronco "planted"
dynamite In strikers' homes with a
The failure of.the attempt of the mill
owners.to create. a."preteirt?\toPcyu__h
the strike''bjf  force :1s   significant?
Hitherto? the public has not .been' par-v
ticularly'concerned, with "the" miseries'
of "Ignorant foreigners""/whcA have"
come * to.- America1; and ndw • constitute
the bulk of'the wage earning population living on tie eoge of, starvation?
Now-it" would happily appear^that^ the
•suppression by, slaughter "of even? the
lowlleBt" of the -workers may not. be
perpetrated with' impunity..-. Ar ' A
vi Not alone, Is there evidence among
the masses .of the people'ae?. to the
merits and methods of "industrial conflicts." This 'education • embraces   a
constantly growing knowledge of the
heretofore hidden. meanings" of "events
In bUBinesB politics.* There is a widespread cynicism concerning;,the honesty, of business methods and the'integrity, of ken in public place.
11n:the' face -of numerous instances
©f .usurpation 'and downright corruption, complete and miserable failure'
has attended the effort to invest .the
judiciary'with a sacred character and
to convict of "lese majeste" those who
knew' dared, to' criticise, judges?' Indeed, the judicial' betrayals', • oif the
public interest have been so,flagrant
and numerous "that state after state
has provided'means for a closer control .of public servants on-the "bench.
H all past-history;were not'sufficient
to prove that the judiciary as an.Jn-
Btltution ha_T always'leaned, in its decisions to, the side of established .conditions—whether, those conditions?were
right or .wrongAcurrent events' would
explode the^ fiction   that Ahe,""- mere
transfer of a lawyer from ..practice1 to
a seat on the? bench invests him with
a sacred; character or ^removes the
bias due   to'temperament and prior
environment; >; 1 -'*- -(l'        • ;' ''
}._ No,sane persons would demand that
judges should.alter their course In,response to, every-vagrant breeze that
blow.    ,There,inust always be-tribunals for the; adjudication of disputes
and'it would,, make'-'a farce of justice'
to:.substitute'• clamor for the .orderly,
ascertainment of the-popular will.   If
lack of ready responsiveness. to the
popular will-Vere'* the whole .substance
of'the- distrust. of,7 the .judiciary, the
fault would not-be alarming.  * The indictment of the"; judiciary—at least .the
federal' judges—is .much more' serious.'
The lack of co__cera'_for the; public Interest on the part?of.the judiciary, is
much .more sinister. ■*' ■ Human^ rights
and this in turn.mesas constantly low
wages. , Wit*,;tblar^inpetltl^_a..iloir
jobij going on alway^ltisobVioua that
tfie great bulk of the papulation :wlll
receive in wages—the pricei.of labor,
power—only enough to provide a hare
existence.   ' '.  ' y"7 .-*A' ;Av*AA;'-;y
,?AUnder capltaliam;it dcw'&t matter
for the workera how rreatly. the productive power of^labp/f.may? "be^ la.
creased-by organisation and improved
machinery.   |If by-impwy^Vi^tho^B
the $1 a day'worker^Mcreasea hfs prtK
duct threefold it does'^not mean'tfiat'
he' increases his own?'return;'threefold.'
Competition in "an;ioveretocked;? labor
markft, condemns^ tto''']irorlwr7jalway_.
lb a rock bottom price ■ for• Wb; labor?
The" constant increase' in. Ms'' product
goes to the owner of the yob—ttie.ein-1
ployer—the capitalist. ■.-. <■ AA'""'--A.
In view of the marvelous advances
that have, been made* in* methods of
producing  necessities 'and-.-luxuries,'-
and the plain possibility of providing
enough and to spare" fof'all, the "wages
system takes on a devilishly malign-*
ant aspect when we* see It automatically operating to pauperize those who
produce, all the. good ..things of life?
The modern worker"starves - in-' the
midst of.plenty."   The fable of Tantalus is told again. -, _     '   '
It should be obvious that aB long.aa
the wages system continues poverty
must continue./.Manifestly! therefore,
schemes of reform which are not. designed directly to soften the asperities
of the competitive wage struggle,-'and
eventually to abolish the whole horrible struggle:Itself, is" foredoomed' to
failure. ' No man'can be a real statesman'who fails to see in the wages system, the central fact of ail. present day
misery. A No public -policy, is 7 worth
while that, does', not. aim- at* the s aboli-
-tlbn of this. central evil." No ideal ot
public peace - and comfort; is, realizable
which''does not call.- us ..toward an! industrial democracy;, in' - which there
shall ,be an equitable distribution of
the .comforts which ^we','all unite, to
produce. * f,?;;   ?, •'''-"?   y    ,- * A- i''.'
Office:- Henderson .Block. .Pernio, B.C.
-Houra: .8.80 to'.l;'2 to 6.   •
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue,.,v
ECKSTEIN A MacNElL ,
" , A",     *   ?* '.'i "- •'' '   •   '
Barrlatars A Solicitors, Notaries, Ac.
Offices: Eekcttln Building,  ;
y   ,"'•   '-■ '- ;    ,.'...«,,■     '    .    ',
,   Fernie, BX. -.*.'
P. Ct/LBwe' ; - -'Alex.; l.'Flahet.
,X: ''--'UAWE A FliHER
S •      .7' "ATTORNEYS'' '    "'   -:,'.'
Fernie," B, C.
_■-! " ■"*
U7H.   PUTNAM
Barrlator,!BeHcltcp,-Notary. Public, etc;
BLAIRMORE.
•ALTA.
v-,
I   iLiverv, Feed!
li yuu'll iiic .ionic iit<jui'^Kt\mmowiovi>l\ckyl\y'
|Mipcr you will havo less Hie*, around tho house
an.1 more comfort. FIich nro not only a fjicat
antioyanco but thoy Hproad diseaflo of all knuk
1      ".      Jl a....,    .,1.,    _.    .,»!.,     I    *1   .   .     .* •. .. r,y..r\ /•     ^t^r.rw.t*      ^..
kotiping your house absolutely fVco IVom thorn.
STICKY PAPER, POISONOUS FLY
PAPER AND FLY RIBBONS
Bleasdells Drug Store
DRUGS ANll STATIONERY
PERNIE, BO.
have too of ten been, worsted in "conflicts, with- vested-,, interests* to' enable
us to "attribute the" .judgments tb^'n
overscrupulouB"'adherence ) to   precedent. '*(   " y .--yrj -. ,y
' Free speech arid ?a free press, despite . suppressions . and   corruptions;
have-proved their; efficiency.  Now as
never before' the 'masses haveoppor^
tunity to learn the truth.     Exposure
follows', so' fast' upon>, exposure   that'
every day the conviction grows that
ln practlcahwlsdom of administration
n8'well(as,l_i moral-responsibility, tho
whole fabric of civilization: based on
private property in bankrupt,    It is
certain that the peoplo will not permanently be content tbrec.olye, .when
they cry for bread, tho stone of pious
platitude given them,?by reformers of
the Roosevelt-Bryan-La Foilotte typo.
Thero is, bread abundant to satisfy
ovory hunger.    Of course', we who be-
llvo we see clearly the cause and euro
of poverty would rojolco if the scales
of delusion   would   immediately   fall
from the eyos of thoso to whose Interest, It is to change ..conditions,   but
miracles of thnt sort do no): liappon.lu
the caso of groat, masses of-people.
Tho only alternative,is to bo patient
for results, but unremitting ln effort
to   explain   why , poverty-, continues
when it Is bo cloarly unnecessary—unremitting and uncompromising In the
demand that private ownership of tho
things whlqh all must use,to llvo Bliall
be abolished.    Tbe abolition, ot that
private ownership will mean Socialism.
Wo nro living und<y'a roglmo which,
by comrnon consent, haa como to bo
called capitalism, This moans tho
private ownorehl.) and more or less autocratic control of social, .necessities
such as the means of transportation
and communication,-tho factories, the
mines and the land.' ■
Capitalism nlso meant tho competitive wagon system and out of thia
wagos system grow all tho burdens
nnd disappointments which a*o at tho
bottom of world-wldo discontent. A
moment's refloctton should bo sufflcl-'
ent to show the Impossibility of mv
tcrlal improvement In the status of tho
working class ns long as this wages
system endures, It means \hnt every
person who works for wobcb Is, so to
upon!., n merchant colling tho commodity of labor ppwer. In certain
, -, ».i . .   .     , ,        "     ....
*t^.Mlt,U    .lUMtfr   LLMfJ    InVlfLlL,.*   U.,tj   MM.*,   *^)
rnmlilrinHon lt> rommnnfl fPTnt- nrt-
vnntagca In tho wny of comparatively
high wages—or price—for the commodity of lnbor power which lh«y sell.
For tho groat bulk, ot   tho   working
*"   ' '.     '•   t   *■--■<'.>.„      V»tkvV»i,v» w       yw» .****).*-,*_.«
combination has been impossible,   ,.
Tho result lint been that tho work*
ers havo competed with ono another
in tho mnrket to aoll'thelr labor poorer
—comiK.tr.il for the chance to work.
It Is characteristic of capitalism
that there tun many more workers
than thero aro opportunities for work
—there aro not enough "Jobs" to go
around—nnd consequently ire hare
constantly ,.ri oversupply of laltfr.
Overs-apply means reduction In price
FIR8T-HAND VIEW OF qLD'   '
COUNTRY, STRIKE BY, *'"',-'
y\  A J; KIER HARDIE. M:P.
j' . J. Klor Hardle", ln a letter just received by Org: W.?E. Trotter, of the,
Trades .and Labor .Congress - of Canada/says, In- part A" "■".: .'.- I am
glad to notice that Pettipiece has'emerged, triumphant 'from    theA; Free
Speech, fight. *• ;, The: authorities, every-
whereSave been-at tbiB, job of repressing all free expression of public opinion, but wherever :they-.'have,'  been,
stood - up. to ?,they have "gone under.
The Canadian 'Government has
recovered all;lts ,oldoeclat ,in" touting
for,'emigrants and I see that'"they are
boasting-that they expect .to import
400;000 this'year. ? There*are certain
districts, in?"Scotland whlcli 'are being
denuded^qf-thelr^population-Aand^a"
number of daily papers havea column
headed 'BounteouB Canada* paid for as
an advt.; I expect,'once a week, eulogizing Canadaas the modern edition of
the.Gardeni of Eden.- By the way,,the
Single Taxers have been praising Vancouver City as-a veritable El Dorado
for-the workmen, since the taxation of
land values was inaugurated. They tell
of the tremendous building developments, of the tens of.thousands   of
workmen who have1 found work,'and
all'because of the taxation   of   land
values,   I expect there is another side
to the story, which I should be g|ad
to have.'. .i., Of course"I have been
following" the unemployed , agitation,
but they meet this by'flaying that de-
Bpite the tens of thousands who have
found work thousands moro could be
provided for wero thoy attracted, to
the city, by "the tremendous rush the
tax brought about , Here wo are
jogging along In good'old British fashion. Tho minors''strlko'.',as you. aro
doubtless aware, was riot, a success
and would have-been a compjete fall-
urn but for the Intervention of parliament, Tho transport' workers' strike,
now drawing to a finish, looks, like being anothor failure unless we succeed
In saving the situation for the mon by
parliamentary action. Thb moral Ib
not that strikes always fait, but,that
the strike has to bo supplemented by
political action, If lt Is to bo effeotlvo,
Tho outlook for tho Labor party, continues fairly good. Wo fallod to win
Holmflrtb by-olootlon, but wo doubled
our voto of four years ago, raising ,lt
from 1600 lb 3100 "
K ■
MfERNIE
■    \y      .1 -" ■   t        n -      _     _-
LUMBER CO.
-.-■^    '■,' \X ,'-; 7 - fi v    -  *»    .'•■-  ■
yXr'X '7'-    "•'   .  ".-'A-' 1    V
yyr :A. MeDougall, Mgr ?A
.y. ° . * -,. -,.*-. -.
'.'-' y ", " V-.; ,*■ """.j..; i^,"' '"-">*
Maniifactupers of and Deal-
;X ers in all kinds of Rough
fk\--s>
m
'"   '. 7..*'- cy
yy:cy .  ■
m
FC-RKIE
The following Is dipped from an exchange: "Mothers Take Notice.-*-
Mothers With marrlsgoablo daughters
In Englond are In a flutter. Blr
nichord Vincent Sutton, one of (he
richest bachelors In England, will
como of ago on the 26th of this month
and,,of courso, will need n wife, He
Inherited $500,000 a yoar and 13,000
acres of Und outside London, while
within tho metropolis lie owns, in
Piccadilly and Mayfalr, some of'the
most valuable real estate In tho
world." For the information of the
guileless, It. may be necessary to point
out thnt tlio "mothers" (1) In ques'
tlon are not tho "madsmes" of the
i    'if ,»,    i    M.      » i ;- "»-
t/»f_I.W»_-,      «VM_»M.|.       *f*       lr«*./_4.._«(.4i»      4^.
.hMr -wnron, nor nrr* IliV "mnrrlsffp-
ablo daughters" referred to tho victims of what Is known as the "while
slavo trafflo," auctioning off their
bodily charms for the wherewithal io
es. They, both the buyers and the
spllori, are people of the vory bost society, who hold the sandfly of the
home and the marriage relation Invlol-
ntc, regular church goors, subscribers
to charities (also tbe Anll-Soclallit
Union), who view with alarm tho modern tendency to commercialisation of
sex relstlons, It is necessary to point
theso things out, as somo people might
Hot be able to s«> tbe difference. We
hope te hav« made It plain.
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
m
,4',v=:
Everything; J*
JIp-to-da^A
.,-'.', .,;' 'y'\ a-
''*.-- *' ";"<;-"-;'r'
Callfinihd;
see us once
'.'..Y
:yyy
: A' v,
A'?A,,^
yiy.yl
i
JOHN P0DB1ELANCIK, Prop.
yu
ys
KING'Sa HOTEL
HOTEI^
The Hew and
Up-to-date Hotel
Every person likes to be comfortable We have tbo latent
design of steam'heating .apparatus in every room.', Our menu
ls tbe best. , We guarantee'satisfaction. Two blocks from C.
P. It. Dopof. Old and now faces
welcomed.    ,   .      "        f
New Michel, B. C.
A
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yycitKy y <:+!■'■
Bar mi[tplied'. with- tho bestJiWihcs;*;
'    " Liquors'andJCigaw';^ 7v-A-
DINING ROOM  IN' CONNECTION
,<[,-
W.MILLS,
Pwp.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
THE PREMIER
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Kvery eonvsnleii.ee and eomfort, Just
Ilk* bslnp et hems,  One bloek
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H. A. WILkEB,   .   Proprietor
PELLAT AVB.    -    -    -    FBRNIB.
Large Airy Rooms &
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Ross h Mackay Ml
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m ef Citirrti .hit mmm. m eond "
Count tMr*
by Ilill'i
rtie ef CiUrrti thit nnaet St n
V. JT. cntNBY * CO., ToU<J«, 0,
W#, ,th« «nd*nln*(t, turn   hMws   T.   1,
CbMitr. for th. Jul IS ii
... ... . ._ -Mr*, tad (Nil. »• blm
r*cltr SanortbU In <n totltMM trimielloni
i*4 SaiwUlir ibM I* <-«n-f> ««t ia/ •_)U«itt_a-i
mat. hawk or oommhiick.
TfAt&O, OftM,
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tl.eo. Prices for other mstalsi coal,,
eamont, Flrsolay analyssi on nppTlca.
tlon.    Th« Ur«.*«t euitom «ii*y offlc*
TUw H«ir» ronllf Pill* f<c mu-ttpttlM.
Dr. de Vf*n,» Pemale PI tin
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A. VAN OIRflBWAID   "
THOB. W. OOEBAH
Members of the Victoria Betl
Islate Exchange
Write tu for information nbout
homes mil investmsnt* in victoria.
r, 0. Box 000
Oor. Fort and Quadra flrtmtt ^
- s
mmm
urn THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE,   B.C., AUGUST IT,1912.
President of B.C. Federation
of Labor Holds Meeting
Touches Upon Many Important and General Topics
J. W.' Wilkinson, President B. C
Federation of Lahor and Western Organizer, for Trades aad Labor- Congress of Canada, was Hie speaker al
a very well attended meeting oE mine
workers and .others Interested In the
labor movement In tlie Grand Theatre
on Sunday, August IL In tbe space
or one hour and three quarters, Mr
Wilkinson dealt with the reasons why
the Congress was established 28 odd
portent work it hns performed since
that time. He reminded his audience
thnt the CongresB was established to
safe-guard and promote the legislative
interests ot the organized workers of
the Dominion ot Canada. He further
explained that owing to geographical
and other reasons, ■ the American Federation of Labor was not able to at
tend to the legislative Interests of the
Canadian workers'aind tor that reason
the Trades and Labor Congress wbb
established, and has fully Justified Its
existence.
Amongst a number of matters coa
corning the work and activities ot tbe
Congress he-reterred.specifically, to
tlie attempt width was made by tbe
Dominion Parliament, whloh Is composed-of employers 'ot working men,
elected by working men to alt Iri the
Dominion Parliament, to stamp out the
spirit of internationalism tn the labor
n_oveme_nt by preventing the representatives ot the International - .Unions
from crossing the boundary line Into
Canada'lor (he purpose ot organizing
the movement. He pointed out that
this attempt to develop the purely na-
'^.onal spirit was part and parcel of the
methods which are used to persuade
workers of one country that, they had
a quarrel with the workerB ot another j
country and are thereby Justified In
going; out to slaughter members of
theirown class whom they have never i
seen, and with whom they have only
one thing in common-^that of being
exploited bf the international capital-,
Ism. The speaker then, as a specific!
instance of the -benefit which the Canadian workers stood.to derive from In-.
ternatlonaUsM; Illustrated the strike of
coal miners'1 In Nova Scotia, which'
district Is affiliated with the United
Mine WorkerB of America, and whloh
spent $1,300,000 in tliat district, The
money which this district" had paid
Into the international treasury up to
the time of the Btrlke did not exceed
■$350,000
Speaking of the Krua case, he men
tloned the fact that, at the last con
ventlon of the Congress the assess
mont or 10 cents per man was levied
upon all mem Hers of affiliated unions
for the purpose ot assisting District
18 to carry tho appeal to the Privy
Council In England; he expressed hlm-
as entirely unable tn understand
how tlie Honorable M. Ross was ateot-
_ rep res eat Fernie along with Ihe
ot the "Forty Thieves" to sit In
the Provincial House of Government
Victoria.     He said that every form
of cunning, deceit and trickery must
■ been employed to re-elect Ross
th_.t thc tetter's majority roust be
based on booze, dead heads and ie
peaters. He advised the electors of
Fernie to see that every man s name
put on the voting list, so that by
the time the next election came
round Ross could "be handed his
Speaking ot immigration, Mr, Wilk-
son said that whilst the capitalists
ot this country tried to make us believe that they were desirous ot bring-'
ing the worker from, pauperized cities
of the', old country for the purpose of |
improving his condition, yet the real
objects which He under «11 their Immigration schemea'was  _:to   till -this ,
ry with cheap lulcr. The natural resources of this country were
already under tho. ownership and con:
trol of the employing class to. whom
trol Df the employing class to whom j
the workers of British Columbia had'
surrendered the political power of the
province.      These resources are use-1
to- them until such time as the
workers are produced . to transform I
them Into .wealth capable of being ex-!
changed In the world's market for pro-
The employers ot lahor demand-1
it only labor, but cheap labor and \
the only effective way to cbeapeD labor
to bring more workers Into the,
province than there were jobs for, j
then' set them In competition With
each other tor the jobs,^ and human
hunger would solve the problem "How j
shall we get cheap labor."
The speaker then .went on to deal |
lth; the necessity for workingmen to |
study the modern Industrial system IB
order that ine;? might remould the
.'conditions of their trade union* so
as to make them more effective" wea
pons In the hands of.the workers-:.He
referred to the fact that, since/the.111
irodnction. at machinery into Industry
theolll time craftsman had beeirdlfr.
placed:.by. the machine, his.trade or
.craft nad been split up into a number
ot   specialized   processes,,    each;  of
h waa no» performed by the ma
chine.'and. that whilst machinery had
made the production of life necessaries easier and quicker and conaequeni
ly, should have lightened the load of
human Hboi and toil, yet hy the red
son of.the fact tbat the workman did
not ov,n tbe machine with which he
worked, he was the slave of the ma
chine, instead  of the  machine  being
ervnnt The purely trade or eratt
lines had been entirely obliterated, and
ide unionism was to be of    ani
er use to the workers they must
hind themselves together on an lndustria] basis, and all the men engaged in
. industry must be members ot one
on      Further thon that, thoy must
brought to recoflnlze that It was
neiessar. that the workers should gain
rol of the politico! power of the
a In order that those lessons whlcn
they learned from their experiences o i
the Industrial field could be embodied
e laws of Ihe country In which
they lived.        '
The problem of producing all those
Ihlngs which are necessary tor hu
mnn life, and ot the gj-eat problem to
which the workers must apply them-
fili.es waB the problem ot distribution.
\n long as the worker was robbed of
i portion of the value ot the wealth
which he created by his labor It as
Impossible ir-r "him to obtain those
hhigs which were his by right ot hav
Ing produced them.
Mr. Wilkinson is a fluent nnd hu-
orous speaker, and can keep his audience interested from -start to finish.
Having had vast experience in the I
Old Country labor movement his anecdotes and imitation ot the Old Country
mine owner who "runs his own bus!-1
' was exceedingly rich.
AND THIS IS TORONTO THE GOOD
A pretty midsummer custom is observed "at the Devonshire  village of
Holsworthy.     By the will of a former,
vicar, the .sum ot J10 Is presented annually to the "young and single wo.
resident  in  the parish  who Is.
generally esteemed by the young men
the most.handsome and most noted
■ her quietness and attendancs at
ircb."     The difficulty   in   making
ih an award hereabouts would he
that the most, handsome  are not-al-
noted for their' "quietness and
attendance at church."—-Toronto Star.
FIGHTING   THE   CORPORATIONS
A  town  In  Prance taxes fat men,
tbuB striking^ blow at the "corpora-
LABOR MOVEMENT
IN GERMANY
tactics,
condition
than Ger
_ the organized move
.im eagerly looking fpr-
raiing acquainted with
ard   general  working
Great Britain, rather
are the classic lands ol
rades We in Germany have i\e\"
loped a historical solidarity in aecoid
nee wifh our Industrial lite. For 1 0
years our worklngmen's societies and
journeymen guilds were persecuted
by the government. Labor organ!
ration \.as forbidden by legislative en
nctment. and It was not until com
paratlvely recently that the government allowed free speech and ns°em
During the period of 1860-78 about
1000   workers   were  organized, -and
e  tjerman  government tried  vigor
oiisly   to   enforce   tha   anti-Social I at
Iuwb.     It tried also to lay the blnmo
upon the Socialists and trudo union
Ists for the outrages committed by the
JJatlonal Liberal parties.      ^et 'lm
expectation   ot  the  government   thnt
the trade unions could be overthrow ia
force wbb futile, for the movement
w eier stronger
n 1890 at a convention, the two
wings of the trade union movement
united, and a concrete plan of organi
sation followed.     A general com -.is-
corresponding to the A. F. of i
centralized wilti the general local or
ga nidations. The commission was
formed to solidify the workers, to gath-
statistics and to spread the propa-1
ganda. j
In matters ot strikes the. national un-
ns must first sanction the proposi-1
_>n.      In   reference  to   politics   the |
imsuant idea Is a central organization'
id no politics in the union.     How-,
er,  the  urgent necessity  ot recognizing the Socialist party is ever kept
In mind.     The Socialist party and the
trade unions must not fight ettoh other.
The Oerman labor movement Is like I
moat  countries  ot Europe,  with  the
possible    exception    of   France    and
Great Britain.     The Belgian and Scan-
dinavlan  countries  have  both  wings
linked together.     In Germany every j
member of the party holds a trade union card, and every trade unionist Is
outspoken Social Democrat.     Dis-'
putes and wrangles have gradually disappeared.    .The executive committee
of the party and tbe general commis-
ilon of the unions meet to avoid misunderstanding,  with  the result    that
there is mutual benefit to all
The unions have' developed remark"
ably well.     The membership 13 now,
1912, 2,500,000.     And although the
Catholic spots, ot the country, dissent.
the c
party keeping about 250.000
workers for themselves, and the Liberal party have a union ol about 100 000
the strength of the opposition is fast
disappearing
The Incorai of the unions in 1910
was ii ten years, from. 19110 almost
b* 000,000 marks. The greatest Importance is placed on the financial income and its Influence on Industrial
problems... The Idea of Son contri
butions bas undergone a radical
change with the result that dues in
the local unions run from 30 to l->0
pfennigs a week. These high dws
hi\e been necessary owing to the it
ticks ot the capitalists. ln ten years
o*,er SSI.000.000 has beea Bpent on
striken. The fact Is continuallj em
plu ized that no real influence can be
brought on imlustr> unless the work
pt- i e financially equipped.
The truth is penetrating, the minds
of the workers that none of them can
become capitalists.     This Is a direct
result of the modern development of
industry.     Therefore.  In  the worker
is engendered  a strong belief In So
ullsm. ln thc faith ot the future Vt
b class and of humanity.     The trade
Ion and Socialist movement la mak-
K the worker self-reliant and hopeful.
"TREACHERY   (
ill the growth of Hit
micnt hns come the
the Social Democratic party. With lis
000 \otes It has elected 110 out
i members of the Reichstag, ot
h but seven nre Intellectuals and
the rest workorB ot the mill, mine und
factory
A few further characteristics arc i
the relations between the unions tbe
party and the co-operntlve societies
Insurance societies on a very broad
baaij jil fo give the workers what the
state does not want to give.
b are still   at   the   beginning of
things.      There are still  millions  ot
chines at the bands of the capitalistic
ers. The co-operation of all the I
unions ot the world Is being knitted ;
together day by day. At the present
time 10,000,000 worker^, representing I
nationalities, are organized into the.
general secretariat of the International
bureau. The final aim of all the work-1
is the same—the universal unity'
of labor, tbe abolition of warfare, the
-Igbt to live and the obligation to.
vork. The battle cry: "Liberty and
equality for every human being."—Milwaukee Iieader.
the people helping you out when industrial  war  Is  on?   We  guess  tou
Instead of standing by you ia such  .
______   they either  remain  silent,  or
• y hit yon over the benti ni--i denun.
clallona nnd condemn a tions; morr
enerally the latter. The "croat" old
inrt. pnss publish lies rhoiit *o_ir
itrlke. They retull fulnf i-ports ol
[tlsorderliucBs of I lie ntrllu-r-r. of alleged riots and deBtriu-t'- u ot piu|i
All thin Ib do « isl \ i .kw to
depriving yuu of suppoi'' niul itrUa
strike.
Owing to the cheapening of gold
production the value of the American
dollar has shrunk to 71 cents In the
last fifteen years. The value of all
other commodities except labor-power
has risen In inverse ratio to this decrease. Lahor power is kept in Its
old position by means of thugs, clubs
and bullets.—B. C. Federation 1st.
The best place to hold the World'i
'air: -   Right round the waist.
Great Labor Victory
Ironi Eo3ton papers it appears tbat
e elevated railroad strikers ha p
nn an -unusuel victory. . TheiStrlke,
bi h began early in June, has been
Idclv reported through tbe naw__pap-
-; of tbe country as hope lees and In
tb (
It has bf
uh   the
ettled.
nterposltlon of
Governor Foss. Mayor Fitzgerald and
the State Board of Conciliation and
Arbitral on a\ on thp basis Ot the following agreement secured in behalf or
the strikers by their representatives
and adopted by them cnthusiasticallj
at a puhlic meeting in Fancuil Hall on
the 27th of July
First—The   lloston
ploym
Rail-
The
nl   *
snppoil hi campaign tlm
.on in  stilke  time''    When  tho i
police Interfere with yout -Awful rights I
conduct a strike; wheu the author!
s arrest vou on preteris of break
l the strike   when you- pickets and
strike lvuders are outrageously Jailed,
the would-be champloas cf the "poor
people" don't have a wo"** to say in
protest.   They acquiesce IB all the un-
istltutional a_*s of the police and
petty judges.   They show *hemselves
tn  their true colors, that if  fose  of
labor.
Now, there Is no amouiK of noise,
campaign noise, tbat those papers
id   those    political candidate a  cnn
make  that  can  offset   their  devilish
r.  their  treacherous work,  when
lie low during times   .1 strike,
Tholr treacherous work    s^cks    out
ly ll thoy can be Judged.     Hence,
to cite  but  this ano  fact rbould  bu
enough to enlighten the woralng clans
ow little of interest there Is for
them In tbe so-called burning Issues
the old political parties.
Don't allow yourself to bo [lim-flam-
ed by the noise made by th* ild potl-
tlcnl parties.—The People.
reaxaimhle leaVo of ob-
Mho
By 8.930 to 171 the siren* "allway
employees on the surface Hn*s In Chicago voted on the 2nd Inst, in lavnr
of a strike unless their demands tor
Increased wages and Improved ■*
ing conditions are mat.
mi*, organization
not to le debarred from rctiiiniiiK to
their respective positions and ratings
in tbe service ot the company alter
they have finished their service with
_(*_ organization.
Third.—The Stale Hoard of Concilia-'
tlon and Arbitration to determine what
shall be taken back by the company and the time within which, and
the rating at which, they shall.he tak-
i back, their decision to be final.
Fourth—The' men who are out of
the city to have a reasonable opportunity to return In order to report.
Fifth.—In the future grievances or
difficulties concerning wages or conditions of labor which cannot be adjusted between the company and tbe organization, to be referred ta the State
Board of Conciliation and Arbitration.
If that Ib aot agreeable to the com-
ii'. Io a board-composed bb follows:
_* man to be selected by the organization, one by the company, and  It
io cannot agree upon a third
arbitrator within ten days, the third
party to be chosen by he Mayor ot tbe
City of Boston.
Sixth—If these propositions are accepted the company will post notices
o that effect In all of Its car barns.
Seventh—If the foregoing   arrangement Is agreed to. the strike to be called off al once.
The strike is accordingly at an end.
To the Women of Fernie, Fernie Annex and West Fernie only
No  More Washing:
Need now be done at home. All the troubles of wash
day can now be ended for the Fernie Steam Laundry & Dry
Cleaning Works are opening a new department called the
WET    WASH    PROCESS
What is it anyway? just this: You send us your washing, We will wash,
blue and wring it for you. All that remains for you to do is to hang it out
to dry.   We charge 5c per pound, collected and delivered.   It is worth trying.
Fernie Steam Laundry **™J*u^^
■     W»  ■ ■■■^_r        ^_r »^r^«»» ■ ■       ____■*»»W» ■ ■ <«■ ■ j       PELLAT AVENUE opposite post office
Our Dry Cfc.amng_Department is keeping busy butlwe can handle that Suit, Dress or Overcoat
of yours which, requires renovating and guarantee to please you.
\ "SF"^
2f£a&3xw3Xte$t^^
o-^p-i-
nf_;Tyrinrtiiyrf)UW__Ji
_555S5
r,..?,.y,T.,
PAGE SIX
''.•*..,-'■    .   '" * ',' '    " ""'•'.*'*; S'---
;;' published every Saturday morning at its office,
,'.«., * 'yy , -o"     y    - ' -"--.,. y   •   '■. .-. a
.Pellat Avenue, Pernie,.B. 0. Subscription ,$1.00
per .year in advance. An excellent. advertising
medium. Largest 'circulation' in rthe District. '.Ad-
yertising rates bn application. Up-to-date facilities
for, the execution of all kinds bf book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
\y r ,H. P.-NERWICH, Editor; .
Telephone No. 48.      "  -Post Office Box No. 380
<^^PE"
THE MEN WHO MAKE WAR
npHB average man in- the street is at last beginn-
'"   *  ing to realize that the people who make wars
- are the ones who will most profit by it.     To them
„  -   it makes little difference whether their country will
win or lose;-they themselves   always', why   The
Anglo-German war scare has opened their eyes as
,   to the motives that underlies this agitation "to set
two peaceful countries against one another.^ Look-
", •    ing-into the matter more carefully it is "'found that
the reason for all this" agitation is that the great
*   .ron and steel interests, and the great manufact'ur-
. ers of warships, cannon and armor plate, and other
- munitions of war, are merely seeking' a market for
''  ' !their products.,   These manufacturers, we are told,
have their "ambassadors" in every great capital in
the ,world, from Tqkio -to Constantinople, and from
' •  St. Petersburg to Buenos Ayres.    These "ambassa-
.    dors" get princely salaries, mingle with the statesmen of the land," and use tlieir influence with the
, various governments for. the manufacture of munitions of war., y     .       . v       '-, ,    .'   '_
In Germany, Krupp, the great German' guhmak-
'er, has his, we should say her, as Bertha Krupp .is
, now the sole heiress of her late father's wealth, own
newspaper agencies throughout Germany, whose
influence in Germany's military policy for more
than a generation, and whose power is felt in'every
, capital where military budgets are raised and expended, is only top well known.
. ,. „. In England"these "war" companies are likewise
owned, by the men- who are powerful in -the land.
,   v-.The lists of shareholders of three of these companies were examined- by the "Investor's Review and
.     w;erc found to,,contain '.the* names arid investments
■--yof~thre"e~duK^"t^^
THE, DISTRICT, iaDQER) JraNIE," b] C;,.AUgUST 17,1912..
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'4-
TRADES. AND -LABOR CONGRESS
..Annual Convention at Guelph
_;    • :yyyx.y-^   x:"'\X.l; 7^xX,-y-."\
To the Officers, and7Memb'ers*ori_robar
,. .' trict'i8/.".M.1W. of A.- , '^SyyyyyX y
Greeting:." .,.77' ' ''~"_ y "7,'\> ,.-',. -s_/'
'-You are doubtless aware "that'the Trades' aiid" La-*
hor Congress meets inGuelph aVan'earl}' date, arid
whilst we are., cognizant of^"the" adverse conditions
that exist in the various "camps in the" District,'we
desire to urge that "a special .effort )ie, macje; by
those Locals, whose .circumstances will permit it,-to
send a representative-^ to-?.this Convention.. We
.would also, ask tfiose Locals whose -smair.niembor-
■shipiua^e it impossible _to consider .the expense in
conneotiori;with sending a-delegate.to?try and -_o-
operate^with other, locals in their locality .with a
viewof getting tone to represent a group,of Locals,
tlnrtby distributing the necessary expense tliat
would-be incurred'in sending such 'delegate. ,-■<■ ';
- It;i5 needless to point out at this'time the m«4ty
reasons that prompt us to make this'appeal to1 yoii.
It will not be'out of place, however, to say that-we
owe a duty to the' Congress forjhe generous and
practical support which the mine workers' received
from that'body in connection with the Krzuz Case,
and the least appreciation of such .valuable assistance would be to try arid, make'the forthcoming
Convention a success (by sending as large a representation as we possibly can. - -- '
J. W. Wilkinson, 'the President of tlie B. C. Pe'd-
eration.is at present'making a tour through"'the
District and - will, no' doubt,' demonstrate' to,. your
satisfaction the advisability of giving this request
•your most earnest consideration. ■' ,' <■ ?
•'^ - '; r Fraternally yours, • ,- \ •- '
: y.X -y " ,C." STUBBS,, President, . "-
t ' - ," ' J. 6..JONES. Vice-President, '
-    "■■',       1. J. CARTER, Secretary-Tres.
AAAAAAAAAMAAAAAkAAiiirMrirArA
I Ou?Letter Box i
5 , , fey*  i y% i T-.. ■' 7 -_.-. t_,    -   j
A PLEA FOR, A GENERAL .?' 7 '    .
.'• -    ,'■'   --..     ,L     7S77 HOSPITAL
''.
THEIR.OWN.INDICTMENT
twenty earls or barons, thirty-two baronets,' thirty
knights,' thirteen members of Parliament, .nineteen
justices of the peace, forty:three military- or naval
officers, four large financiers, and seventeen newspaper, proprietors or writers:   , It .can readily be
. - seen how men of such standing can bear upon the
government to such. an, extent as" to compel them
to set man against man, and brother against brother to butcher each other and break up each other's
implements of war so,that new ones can be made
" and large dividends continue .for the shareholders.
In many instances these. same shareholders are of
the government of the country, jind so long, as the
aim and object-of this life is to extract profits it
may be easily imagined that tlieir power and influence would at onco be cast on the side of war. '• If
these capitalists.would fight thc battle's and pny
.the cost, little harm would be done'; that would be
their look out.   But .unfortunately, it is always
tho worker that does both.    Ito pays tho price and
boars the brunt.
Of course, armaments arc of no use unless there
aro men to' handle them, and it is, therefore, necessary, from tho viewpoint of the manufacturer, and
.capitalism, to instil a spirit of militarism amongst
the peoplo. Tho governments are finding it moro
difficult from day to day to swell tho depleted
' ranks of their army and navy, and now methods,
tactic* and artifices are boing employed to romody'
this "unpntriotism." Our boys are boing incul-
cated with tlio spirit of butchery, and for that pur^
pose cadet corps and boy scout movements are, be-
ing pushed aliond with all rapidity. Vast sums of
money arc boing spent for theso purposes, all in tho
hopo that when tho boy gets to man's estate, nnd
ovon before, ho may continue tlie ball rolling. ITcro
in Canada thc Department of Militia, undor fire-
brand Colonel, tho Hon. Srim Hughes, militarism in
hoing rammed down tho throats of all thoso who
can swallow it. Wo now havo a oortnin number of
Militarists whoso thoughts, as ono writer puis it,
wll woar military uniforms, and who ean coneoivu
of no other scheme of the universe than Hint tlie
great business for which human beings _\voro created
is tho destruction und butchery of ono another in
warfare, ,Tho bombastic Snm Hughes is at the
head of this cotorio, and his public utterances ono
and all harp on the snmo vision,."tho invasion of
Canada." Such uUoranccs have but ono object in
vlow, and that jh the belief thnt talk of thnt sort,
iWiil help towards thc achievement of his design nf
compulsory military training of tho peoplo of this
country, it is by such trickery that tho great ar-
mories hopo to keep on making profits, nnd Colqiiel
Hughes, intontionally or unintentionally, in help,
.ng limn to do so,.
in .wages:
TTtrE have before -us' a.'phamplet issued by the
vv American AVoolen. Company, of Boston, Mass.;
entitled "From Wool to Clbth." n;No expense has
been spared on the workmanship of, this "booklet,
which explains the'different processes through
which the wool- is jmr during its- conversion into
cloth.\ ' Many beautiful cuts of the machinery ,iri
operation are shown,-but,strange'to say not one of
them shows the child labor in operation. ' The'clos-
ing paragraphs of,this booklet, contains some statements which the public could.well afford? to give
consideration. ' Coming >froin the pen of the'American -Woolen Company itself it should have great
weight arid^urnish ample food for reflection. E*h
pecially is this true' whenit is remembered that the
employes of" this company, in- their mills, at,"Law
.TPTIPP JlVTaBS!  _jnr/«»a_'«iMnTw/»llfl/5_+Xi/.«+«—_:_i_v, -•.- J=-- -
-.7 j-~-u-"'.-"«*-o-*«'"*f viiCu-iv-cuici~aubO"au-inuUS-"
trial struggle to- prevent a? reduction
The booklet says:. . i ; *,,"
^ "The American Woolen"Coriipany is the largest
manufacturer of woolens and worsteds .in the
world., It owns and controls 34 mills,'employs
30,000 hands, has a'pay rollof $13,000,000 annually
and'has a total output of all classes of fabrics of
50,000,000 yards per annum."   ■
Condemned out* of their own mouths - are, the
words, applicable in this case., Jt shows the au-
dacity ofva' capitalist clique, iritoxicated with their
own strength and importance to make such a statement' public. According to tho figures above
quoted tho average pay per employee is $433,33 1-3
per annum'. ' Wlien it is taken into consideration
that high salaried supers, foremen and-skilled mechanics are included in this'pay roll what must be
the pay pf the lowest paid? ; According to statistic-,
ians it is estimated that an American workman "to
support a family and maintain his efficiency a* a
wcukor, it is necesary' that he receives at the lowest figure $900.00 per year.' It will. therofore,:be
seen that in "frco" America tho average wage,-including the highst paid officials) 'reaches only less
than one-half of the living wago.
y y " ~ West ^ Fernie. Aug., 1912
To the Editor,-District Ledgey, !.
', Dear Sir,—I understand-there is to
be a" concert in an WdeavoV to raise
sufficient money to buy a wheeled ambulance for men that arehurt at'these
mines. After the ambulance has.beeir
procured I don't see'why, the,_matter
should, rest there.:-' Why'"not "have a
genera; subscription fund "for a"-larger
ho,..vial.to.be used by the vrtfole - dis-
trictfor^the benefit of. all workers -
miners?« bushmen,'l railroad' -.,w'orKei s
and the like., There-> 'are hbsuitala
scattered along the" whole route, useful
they are, butva general hospital would
be far'more ec6nomica.rand'J efficient,
with k proper medical staff and nurses. -, There" are hundreds of-thousands
of dollars-paid to. hospitals In-,this
country and the men have not-* the
slightest'means of showing that they
have ever .-paid a cent. "',  i'. p
Thesfe^ai-e details, that could be rectified after1 the place h'aV been built,
should itv'get that far., \ What "have
my fellow, workmen got to think about
the'matter?' -- ■■ ■ - ' \ '
'•; '- Yours", etc.,       ,'.    ,
**   " .-.    .7'      -      ' '     WORKMAN.'
•;-.-y*_
)->"''--' -
PUTS THE; BLAME ON r ;*,//
,     JHE IDLE RICH .CLASS
LONpdN,~.'Au&.%5.?—The -Evening
Standard publ!8h?es,'the following;'*-
CONDITIONS AT HILLCREST
To the Editor, District Ledger: -." '
, Dear Sir,—Some of, the, miners ' in
Hillcrest are working.full blast, every
day in the; month, whilst- others are
hardly working at all.'-. '',".'•
-• No. 1 stands partly closed'" down
throbgh bad'ventilation", and the management,"claims through no fault of
their own? . According to' their "account the fan'had been'ordered'twelve
weeks before it-arrived,-and now that-
it is here the motor has not come; and
consequently it is of no use without it?-
Last month themen had to Ihy off one
day for'timber; there'was not .enough
timber around the place astwould\boll
a ciipfull of water.' "• ' , '
If the Pit Committee takes a case up
with,tho' superintendent ' concerning
certain working places becoming difficult 'owing4,to -any, abnormal condition, preventing a man from earning
the .minimum of $3.00 per shift; ■ according, to the agreement, the^ super.,
will turnaround and say':", .'The.man is
idld; 'anyone? can,make .wages if- lie.
trieslyand; then he will throw into
your face that'he is going to cut'down'
"A great crUis;ln the evolution*,of
civilization" ,is|; approaching," - -which
holds many pregnant.,poBsibilitle_. for
the .leading, nations "of '"uieCworld," is
the oplnlon^of Mr. 'willlaW Randolph
Hearst, the mlUloiialro publlsblef of the
New YorkAmerlcaa and-other Journals
in his great ^ewapapor,syndicate,    '
"The comjn'g of this crlpiB/^sald Mr
Hearst. to .the Standard interviewer,
wheir seen at the Savoy hotel, ?ls unmistakably^ indicated by.'the labor unrest, frenzied speculations,'; and buai-.
ness uncertainties .that prevail in all-
countries In Bplte of the much-heralded
era of "prosperity.;. .'There . Is' plenty
ot'prosperity, lt ls true, according (o
statistics," but it is unfairly distributed.
The already rich are getting too .big a
Bhare of It, and the working classes
too little. ? „ • 7 .'
. Most men reSlizo. that the discontent in the. world of labor is the pil,
ing up af great fortunes for those who
do,nothing to earn them. . •       7    ■
"la other words,, the law of primogeniture and, entailing of estates for
the enrichment of unborn generations
is the root of the present economic unrest which all governments must solve
before long, if they expect to' Btniid.
Education of the. masses has developed their powers of logic' and * thought','
and they-have, begun to see the Injustice'of the-present system. " '
Steps Taken In United States
"In-, the , United t States . some steps
have, already'been taken to meet the
^approaching crisis by placing a heavy
An editorial note in ono of our contomporarion
*ay_i: "By his creation of a now branch to ho known
as tho Inspection Brunch of the Vwvm am! Office,
Hon. W. Ji. Kom, Minister of Imndi, ahow« again
his determination lo make Iiih department in thc
highest degree efficient and to meet the require-
meni* of an expanding province." We would
rather believe it w&* "to meet the requirement* of
•nie election promina..*'
That part of tho year in which tho cry of 'short-
ago of lahor has again come round, and oneo again
tho govornmont and tho railways are dumping
thousands from tho East for harvesting purposes.
Tlio railroads make special rates from tho East,
tho faro to Winnipeg boing $12.00 odd.
After the harvesting is ovor, however, tho
faro to return is $42.00. By such moans the labor-
er is practically compelled to remain in tlio Wost.
Tho fnct that for ten months of the year thoro is
nothing for him,to do, and only adds to tho already
overcrowded labor mnrkot, doos not, worry neither
tho govornmont nor tho "railroads. In fact, tliey
view such misory with the utmost complacency, for
does it not help to l.ocp thoso alrondy working in
thoir planes. Tt is a suro and glaring sign to them
not to ho 1oo independent, and to be thankful for
their jobs as tlioro aro othors ever ready to take
their places. It is true tho farmor does need tho
"harvest hands," bnt ho need not worry, sooner or
Inter machinery to replace hand labor is bound to bo
introduced, With this trnnsformation tho lifo of
tho small farmer will indoed bo proenrloua/'anrl will
eventually lend to him joining tho rankB of tho or-
yttiiucu wurKcrs to press tor a solution of tho prob-
Jem.
expenses?"TOf "^urserfieTsouT forTiiF
creased profits* for the shareholders.
. The Coal'Co. are wanting coal badty.
to meet their contracts, and.when^the
rush comes'on' tlie super.'will go'to
the'rope-rlderfVap'hlm on his back arid'
tell him-what-good fellow he is; but
he does not tell'hlin he.will pay him
any more,. He should know that with
the machinery we" have, and under the
conditions we .work,-lt,Is practically
Impossible' to do' any better. " If he
would'study the condition of the mln-
es and make thaih-better no doubt better results would be'obtained. ' '■'-,
,',,  .Xpurs'tijuly,,    '  ,
.'    -'miner.
Hillcrest, Aug. 14, 1912."
SEALED TENDERS addressed to the
undersigned; and endorsed "Tender for
the Construction 'of a.- Breakwater ln
Victoria Harbour, 13.-C".will be received-at this office until 4.00'p.m., on
Thursday. September'5,-1912,. for- the
construction of a Breakwater' at Victoria Hojrbour,. Victoria, B. C.   . ,     -
Plans, specification and form of contract can be seen and forms of- tender
obtained at this Department and'af the
offices of w.- Henderson, Resident
Architect, Victoria, B.TJ.; C. C. Wors-
fpld. Esq.., District' -'-Engineer, New
^Westminster, B. ,C; J.-G. Sing, Esq..
SOistrict Engineer, Toronto, Ont.f"J. ll
Michaud, Esq, -District Engineer. Montreal, Que.;-A. 'Decary, Esq., . Dlstrlot
Engineer. Quebec, Que.; and on appll-
cation to the Postmaster at" Vancouver,
Persons tendering are notified that
tenders will not be considered unless
made on the printed forms supplied,
and signed' with -their actual sfgna-'
tures, stating their occupations < and
places pf, .residence, -in the case, of
nrms the actual signature, the nature
or, the.oceuatton, and place of residence of each member of the firm must
be  given. „ .v ,• -   ,   ...
~ Each-tender must be accompanied liy
an .accepted cheque on ■ a • chartered
bank-payable to the order of the^Hon-
ourable, the Minister of PuMlc Works,
equal to ten per cent (10 p.c).-of the
amount,of the tender, which'win -h"
ru-Touea ii tlie ^person' tendering" de-"
£],?Vt0^en.terVlnt0 a -contract when
called upon to do so, or fall to complete
.the work contracted1 for. If the tender,-be not accepted'the cheque will be
returned.        . i • . .,
.n^£?p?,rtm,ent d?es not bind-itself,
to,accept the lowest or-any tender.
.   '  - ■.       By order,       -    , - - - -'
i-     .     ,R. ,C. sDESROCHERS?-...'
Department of-'public Works,"01^'^'
.:. .     •' Ottawa, August 8,1912.
Newspapers will not be-paid for this
«,tS«lH-tmfent'K*i.the_? ,nsert »*-without
authority from the Department.--2396S.
,a; leetle advice—free
According, to a donpatch from Ottawa tho Fed-
i-ral Government recognizing tho importance of tho
ifinwiK mrtuHtiy in this country will mako room in
iho Cabinet for a now portfolio, that of Minister of
MinoH, In this connection the nnmo of Mr, Green,
tho suceouuor to Mr. Goodovo, for Knst Kootenay, is
being mentioned. It i« ncodlMw to go into detftil»
m to Mr. Green'a poat record In McRriild'* Caliinnt.
That w recent hlntory, but we do believe there nr«
other men'in the Federal Howe hetter qualified to
fill fitich n poHition.
Has the McBride Prosperity Bag ..truck yon yot!
If not, why notf
To the Editor of the District Lodger.
, Dear Sir,—Aftor last Wednesday-
night's fiasco' and the disappointment
otroany people—to,say nothing of expense—who had made a1 day's Journey
to witness the bout, It is to be hoped
the Fornle A. A,, nnd especially those
officials who wero responsible for
tbo drawing up of" the .'agreement,
will memorize their experience, and at
any futuro dato .especially if thoy
Bhould bo torn plod to indulge in horso
racing, as I hear is threatened whon
the now recreation grounrtln the park
is completed)', whon called upon to
porform the samo task, boar In mind
tho fact that those agreements should
be-"wind and wntor tight." If tho
agreement had boon a little "tlghtor"
tho*cont08tants might not have dono
so much "edging."   >    -
Although tho Association may not
bo responsible for tho failure of tlio
contostnnts to; moot, and may liavo
used ovory ontlcavor to got thorn Into
the ring, tho .fact roraalns that thoy
failed to bind those gontlomon tight
enough, ><
Howovor, as advlco glvon for noth.
Ing Is worth what It costs, I do not
Intend to clmrgo tho Association anything for samo, but lt might bo fruit-
ful for tho "hoads"' to ponder thowon,
especially whon drawing up tho papers for the "Pornlo City Plato of
110,000, for throe-yonr-olds, to bo run
oij, lho half-mllo courBO" In our vory
own Park!,
Yours etc.,
,  .   tit'aOM,
Good Health
"«♦)* AttO V.TAU1Y
Are assured If you will cleanse your
stomach of undlg«sted food and foul
K»io»; the ex<*ss blla, from tbo liver
and the waste matter from the Intel,
tines and bow>|« by thn iim <jf
CIO PILLS
tlm Kifettt fruit, kidney, liver, stomach
and bowel remedy.
At all dealers ti and SO cent bote*
or malted by the Wi Pitt Co, BL
Thomse. Ont. Sold In Fmli at Me-
Uan's Drug and Book Store.
•     SYNOPSIS OP COAL' MINING '
ItEGl._-A1._0M_    *
■ CP^Liin1_?.,nR'?,shi8 ?f_tl_8' Domlii-'
iT^if?' JD Manrtpba, Saskatchewan and
Alberto, the Yukon Territory, the North
West Territories and in * portion ot
tho Province-of HrltiBh Columbia, "nay
bo leased for a-term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of II an aoro.
Not more than 2,500 acres wll bo loased
to one applicant.''
ny the applicant' in person to- tho
Agent or Sub-Agent of tho district In
which tho rights applied for.are sltuat-
jhXirtySA frltory the land must bo
doaerlbed by sections, or egal sub-divisionsi. of sootlons. and In unsurveyod
torrltory tho tract appllod for shall bo
Each aplloatlon must be accompanied
by a fee of 15 whloh win bo refunded if
tho rights appllod for are not available,
SSi*."0* otherwise. A royalty shall bo
paid on the morohantablo oulput:of tho
mlno at^tho rato of five centS per ton.
f.,?ii?i,pStl_.on» <>P«rat,PT u,o mlno shall
furnish tho Agent .wth sworn roturns
JifflMK^ th? fu,n fl^ntlty of me"
nliantable coal mined an dpay tho roy.
alty thoroon.> If the cool mlnlhir
rights ore not bolng opoFotedv suolf
SnoUoTyea?.UW be ' fur«'»l'od. o_ least
- Tho lease will Include tlio coal inlslng
flfblA'P1* bttf t,,fl ]e»BOe may be pelS
K..»-d t0, Purchase wliatovor avallablo
surfooo rights may be considered ne-
_!?"tS!;y,_,f?_,r-_.t/h^yn°ftrkln«f ot■ "he inine
_.ir°r« .full Information apnlloatlon
should bo made to tho Secretary oftho
Department of the Interior, Otfawa, o?
ion Lands*0    0P 8ub-AK°nl «* DomlS-
». '  _   .„ .V* w« "ory,
Deputy Minister of the tntorlor.
V.n—Unnuthorjred publication of this
advertlsoment will not bo paid for.
Electric Restorer for Men
PllOSphonol !*»|?rM ♦v'sry nerve in iht body
r    , ,..tp in proptr tem on i reitores
<im and viulitv - lir«_i,_,,.,._;.i_._."..._:__, Ii"r....,._i
vim and vitality. lVematurodocay nnd sIImxuiI
>vMkn«is svfrted st one*. Phoipho-ol wll
ii4ko you i) new nun,   Price ** -' -     '
ini
Hi
!?   tf»li*'1A''«nv~«<i<lr*M
Ci<..i«t.OailtArlMe..Ont.
ThaHoobetlDnur
inherlt^npej'tak^ upon; ail, fortunesfandj
by' providing '?,againstvtheir".-, retention'
wfthinrllmiWd'famlly?cfrcles^^ y ty
•"Any manls free.toVamkss' as'much
wealth? as hecan,' but heVmuat, scatter,
■if widely? at' bU -.deatii.\^The ^urpos'e
of this'js'to get-rid oMlle' idler's; whose
Inherlt^i'w^altb'hasideprlyed/th^'of
all understanding :of tne.^Talue-'of-
money;1, and'thatrin'turn,'lias bred'an,
e_ct'ravaga'n6e";'which, has had'"as'_nuctf
to do as.anythlng (else:yith.thefhigh"
cost of living In America." '?- r-7y<tf~: 7
IN THE ^ANDOFTHE.LIVING.
• Here,.Is. a'n actualv occurrenceX sent-
us and vouched for by an elevator man
who'deals in, lumber: Vs '" y,     ,','
. A farmer in Saskatchewan was. paid
tor; the ;fii^t\Ume\jii_" blsjife; !byvVa,;';
cheq.ue;- y>z'yty -V'*' ?*?''-tv"^V."^,'?''!'
lriWhiya~lt£ifa.lM%M ■*'
«_\whK;VraBsvfor,t^8 beasts," said the'. J
grain dealer.1'^"It'B ybiir 86'bories and"^»
h^f;^.bean'r;;;^y:^y.;^ly^^7.^
. f Tne.farmer Btared.ah'd'had to^be aV?* "'
sured' thai^if..lie/took' it,;to the.bank'y
they\would give'him goldforit y7~7yX~.
It's' a^wronr^un: th£_')l hear aUoutif't',
',' ".The? cheque?was cashed,^ of.;. course,   ?
and'the?"farmeryentho_nV,h'appy.but*.7^
could nbt^leep,^ "^Hehad seenTa .won-.- -
derful' thing,.and,it excited' himSyAn'y
s'oon as.daVtbroS:e lie made'the grain .-
dealer's houge-and,woke,hlm.'7.7y 7y7--.
•'^Vlt's. me,"-hWaaid...^^Where's^ta :'■
got"thlm bits'of paper-from?','"Aw; rj
cud. do.wl', half-a-dozen myself!",   '•,;' *
TO. the; People of Crows Nest Pass!
is now prepared?, to I ship "to:Retailers
ras well as, wholesalers^'FMts ani
Vegetahies in any 4iitintity,;: all ;in
^season. :<.:"' / y '. y-* •" .-•- ly'?X;X'\ ^ >■;'
BEETS,   CARROTS,   CABBAGES,  CAULIFLOWER,
POTAfOES, CUCUMBERS
In fruits. I liave ;Appie^';^ms,Nl
Pears, etc?,"that are the'-best quality.
,',    .-. .    I. . ,_.   „    y   •,,    -    •-    !.■-*•   fi ••/''■ ,•>•<:■' mi- .   '1'£   ,4_-.K-OPl .!•.!
-''--.,*'• , ii       , ' *
.. - '     , .       ' ' ■*- .    i i--       .   •>      . -^    * "' •      r  •{-
.When bupng Fruits ;and;;Yege-
tables ask yojiir dealer for Lindley's.
SOLD   EVERYWHERE
-I
7.11
•fry.
.Jl
Address, A. LINOLEY, Box 27, Creston, B,C,
Jl
The Maple
ICE CREAM AND
CONFECTIONERY
PARLOR
Coloman, Alta.
Central location, close to
Football grounds and
Tennis Court
When in Coleman give us
a call,
Good assortment of candles
and fancy boxes
ICE CREAM
SOFT DRINKS
VANCOUVER EXHIBITION
What
9fmm^^mt'a'l^''^'m~—mmmm^wmmmmWa
About
Your
Garden
and
Lawn. ?
All**
*V ' _W. JL Urn,  mL 0a,'    Hi
•fJLL    HI
f%4
%_# •>
FERNIE to VANCOUVER
I iin  nrriinn
mtu nuoim
0^rb 0&     i^l 0™
DATE OP SALE AUG. 8th to 15th
Return Limit, August 21 at, 1912
J. S. Thompson, Agt,
P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
Do not lot tho gniii grow under
your foot wlille wo lupply I_awn
Moworu, BIcklci, Qraii Bhoan
aud ItakoB.
il
IV. ,'^t hi iU _.....* \lte (Of
want of WAter while we havo a
good Hock of Rubber end Cotton Hoiot   alio Noiilei and
fltiw.it/ti... I.
J.D. Quail
tihrimn) and Pawltow   , \ l br *
&**•■.
vy
.-• ,^ry".
' -_. - V/.,
{.,
'.••,-■___•
yy y&wx&i£k:'&"y
s'?i77'"'/yf^y- y
- -    '    -.     -    '    i        "i •      -,     ' -
"■*      -7-i :•'    '-  ~.    '.y.'-""
..--■ "'*■?
.*'-...,"
;/',
:THE;DlSTEIOT,I_EDGEIt,;FERNIE,  B. 0;, AUGUST 17,1912.
PA32 S3V3ir
^1
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\   "■"' ? ".>•  ".' . ■< "'•   ; -r      ■< -______."
*,, '-*'<• •?„"-? •. y.fi • '    •■ '  *
X <BELLEVUE NOTES - ♦
.7 "•■ y ??",,:';-."V-. \*
V..W
i -:
^_y
, ,.. ,wh.-   •  -■-,<   ■-"■,■. -    •   i -■-,-
V'Miss Nellie'Robinson, of Calgary.,is
, •■ ^visiting in Bellevue?' tlTegueB^of Miss
;. Buby |rwin:, ,. yyy r- • «-" ■ --,.
',- The, Rev...Francis,-| once'/stationed
\ •' at? Bellevue. was-in' town, on Tuesday
7,,/last' spending,hte honeymoon,^'   He
,.' ".left "for*hla .home at. Cresent Heights,
.   Calgary. ; • His ■ many friends. In Belle-
7 7 viie were-glad..to'see him and, wish
_,him'-and;his wife.a'-happy, and.pros-
^perojis life.-N  ,' ^'■^ '_•' -,- "*'yi   •"   « '
' _, Mr 'and Mra. 'James Callen left. o*
v>.. Friday noon's train^for their future
"   homo in'Red Deer, where.Mr%Callen
Is taking charge of a-large hotel. ,His
. friends in Belleyu« were sorry to see
,." him leaving.town? ?:They wish him
*; - success - in Kls. new home.    ~
The many friends of little Richard
Sione are." giad. to see him getting
•^'.around again. v.He   had   his- thigh
1 " broken"some time ago, but.is progres-
",  ■ sing very fayorably and -will ,.be able
','-, to"throw away the..crutches in a/few
i $"days. ,;- ir7\ ;\" y",,;"-,   •' ■ '
,,,Mr. James,Marshall went to Leth-
-•? bridge on~ Monday-last and "returned
• _ on- Wednesday with, his bride. h  They
1   are occupying the house ttiat Mr." Mar;
j.-    shall built lately.'-. Tliey-have started
home-making with the.best-wishes of
their many friends. ..>'-."-
"'-The fan at the'No." 1 mine,.Bellevue,"
■ broke .'on,Friday," lightning being'the
* cause of;the breakdown.-. .The .men
- ,_ all -.had to come h6me;\which is'! the
-first time since the 10th'of July that
1 any'time-,has been nost.'a--, .   ,
%Mr. Fred Padgett,-who,-some. time
■ 'ago,left to take'a position with, the
-   . C, P., R?, is 'back again' in camp, and
■; has', started work, in'No. 1 Mine. j - ..
'I  .. -The, Rev. W. g Irwin, .who has been
. ,away .for.the jp_ast two* weeks on-a
•  .''^lecturing tour through B. C, returned
t,1 .   home on Tuesday night. ■   He reports
^   _a good trip,'y\Vy.° ' vy   ,   "-   -'
TheMo'otball match between''  Hill-
.'",  'crest and'Bellevue on Saturday even*
,   ing was'qulte:'a;good one.,-Bellevue
' /r, shutout Hlllcre8t_iUoget__er, the'game
'-,_, lending'2-^0?'In.favor of Bellevue. -' - '
."  "* The new manager of the Bellevue
" - ;v'Hptel is • Mr.;Hugh 'Hinellne,'of Lille?
-y' 1H<_- haa tvpsn" at>thw" tAtttn Wi.»<.1   :fnr
.;.' -some time past.   He Bas'taken charge
We hear of Mr." Robert 'Stewart'.-he^
itig at - Fernie on*-important <■ business.
\Mr. Jack'Johnson-Vas a'visltbr to
Fernie' this week.i;., .\y [' „-'"';•■ •'•.,-.
Mrs:,Gus .Smith-has a':lady,*friend,
visiting her?,from" Spokane.'' 7. '.'; ?
'fair. Hamil,;trie'"m!nister_ was'paying
his.usual call last .week. '," '?•/ ■: , ,-
' Mrs..Ferd Allan^went?biit''Oh. busi-
ifesE ^hiB^week^'ifJ-'.'.-.'y'.M-'-- , '■;-
". Mr. Roberts was again ^visiting here
from Spokane."' .'"He-took' ln°q.ulte a
few .of the .sights,, visiting ■ the Big
-i. • i „i,\ ' -,"•- > *. -,'        ,, -
Showing and-reporting, it a. wonderful place. V-1'-/J',! '•  '-*,, '■]  ,•-,
, Mr. Gus Smith was a (visitor to
Fernie .this week..  - '•  ;',',   '■).
' I say, Hobo, that' stuff'* was surely
good you'had on Sunday,; but sorry to
see you look so bad-on Monday after
it- ' ,77- ' ' *'*  -   '.  - "  ■*     .
♦ ♦
COLEMAN, NOTES
♦.',•-,:■     - ,      -\'-''-   '   ,-♦
♦ BURMIS notes; . -       ♦
iH
,,y,
: of'the Bellevue "thi_i' week and his
• many( friendB In town are glad o see
> hlm.j?!)!' ,  '".   y. 7'    • -" j.   '_    "•- ^
77  Mrs? James. Nailer,. who for sometime-past has been at Macieod visiting
-'  her mother,' Mrs?   Murphy, 'returned
,, home this week.-,., ,,   •  . .
y ^WiHisr-of Frank, has got the contract
for'the Union -Bank of Canada new
•■:' building.at Bellevue, and has a crowd
of men at work excavating.
7 Mr. Robert Pe trie, of the Rosodale
-Dairy Company^ has gone on-hia va-
,   cation.    We hope you'll have a good
time, Bob.,.',;       -    .ft     !,,.--
\     Mr-A. Matelirwho bas been visiting
"his son.,for the,last.two months,.loft
"tor-hla home In Glaoe Bay, N.S., oa
Tuesday last.. .
,' , MlBQ'Rodgers, of Jho teaching staff
-of tho, Bellevue school,- who has been
visiting at Lothbridgo, returned on Frl-
i day last and started on her duties on
Monday morning.     The Low. School
opened on the 12th,   and ( tho   High
-' School opens on the 19th of, August.
Doctor aiid Mrs. McKenzle wero at
- Blairmore visiting on Sunday.
?       Mr/R: Coraloy, who has boon visiting in Plncher Creek, returned homo
Saturday last. ■ '   .  ■"
Miss Elsie Ford, of Coloman, who
has beon visiting in Bollovuo, the
guoBt of MIbb Dorris Bateman, returned homo on Saturday.
Jack Ollphant has accepted a posi-
Mon with JoBoph Grafton at tho Southern Hotel.
The Ramblers Club, ln charge of
tho Rev. Irwin, assisted by W«Hnce
Raynor, left for a weok under canvas
at Crow'B Nest Lako on Monday
night's train going wost.
MIsb Flynn, who has been visiting
ln Bellevuo for some tlmo past, the
suost ,of Mr and Mrs, NMoGHlvrny, returned homo on Tueoaay.
" Everything is. going full blast here.
The mines- are' working every day and
handling all the output >with a ready
market. .     '.        Vy   " ".
'" Comrade C. M. O.'Brlen, M.P.P.?,h'as
been ,.uptown for, the last'few days
and has given us some'good?lectures
from the soap box around the' corner.,
I."A pretty butK quiet wedding" took
place herein the Church of England,
when .Miss Emilys Bradford was united
in the holy bonds of matrimony to Mr..
Harry Carr. The ccremonyf.was performed by;the Rev, Watkins Jones,
pastor of tlie church." Their - many
friends wish them many years of happiness „'and prosperity, "y '." ■ • »
Mrs." Harry ?;Gates^ and daughter,
Lizzie, have gone to.,Calgarys on a
visit to friends in, that'city. ?"
?,uMr." Wm.- Ma'ddison", " of^° Bellevue!
was a visitor to Coleman on Wednesday last."' He "reports everything going-'fine down, the'line. , ' . ,'
\ -it is rumored around town that there
bas been some change in the official
staff of the McGillvray Creek Coal and
Coke-Co. ilt Is, said' that-the-general,
BuperimeridentT"has*T"gonei~away-,Tind"
that Mr. McKlbbenJ,has" taken his
place.-    Cannot confirm rumor, how-
ever;','    u ' y., XX' S
The new washhouie at the McGillvray Creek- Coal and Coke Co. mine
at Carbondale, -Is-'about completed,
and will be a great advantage to the
men,"as the old one has not,much
accomodation for theLmen;,'v>-
»»»»♦♦
' "■"      ;•,   <u     S "     ■ -'■-.;■ . '
■ Mr. H. C. Dunk'erton,'representing;
Robey-and Company, - the^well known
bollermakers of Lincoln,-England, was
a visitor to town this week'."1 ,'. - ■ y
,E Mar jho has the.foundation^bf'the
new hotels completed'and as" soon as
the lumber arrives work-will be rushed'on this structure with'all:possible
speed.y : .' '-''~'y*\~i':S'^. ,;' ,
.': Mr. Harry Fisher.took over "the managership of the pool room this week. ■
Mrs. Geo." Hope- was >visiting »witti
relatives in Coleman this week.! jj:'
■ Mrs. H. T. Fltzsimmons entertained
Mr andMrs.-.Hlscocks, of" Blairmore,
on Sunday."    .        "      ■.   ' '     ,Sr
Uricle^Billy has not up-to date-been
able' to find out who swiped the Rooster, but; he does vknow -who has -been
pinching the eggs from his hennery.
Uncle .says these, were good eggs.* v -
Quite "a number of the boys, took in
a fishing'trip to'the South'Fork this
week and brought home some nice catches. ' ' -rt', y, . • v'
Prospecting" work is going on at Mr.
Pnrker'sjcoaL'areas at Burmis. The
engineers "representing the capltalifts
who, hold an option on this propcity
are <.:iiebted" to arrive here this
month.- "-';   -,. ,       '
-Mr.'Lee, accountant with the P.
Burns .'Company^ at ■ Hillcrest," was a
visitor to-town, on ^Tuesday. ' , ■ ."
i A large number ,of Burmis'' people
took-, in the football match last week
at Blairmore between Blairmore and
Burmis," which, resulted in a win for
Blairmore'by the score of 1—6. _
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦, .,''■•-.♦
H08MER NOTE8     .       ♦
Mrs. Patmore and Mr. W. J.» McGowan 4eft on Wednesday,^; iocal for a
few days'.visit to Calgary.  •
, Miss Blals spent the'beginning of
the. week in Bellevue. v • " ■ : \ ■';
The new"cutter at the.;4l Market,
shop' is  Mr. Hucklesby.- -      '- -   ■
•' Rev: 1. C. Buchanan, .superintendent
of missions for the Methodist Church;
'was,in Frank(.rast*Friday.''" ,  ;  y
___m _L _L1 __. ^n.lMtnH_m____,_._il.,A_1  ! A *..
— x wuuiy-iui ee~rx5i6in"o—="»nw^'m-
Blairmore from"* the old country on
Friday last./;-Siric'e'.'this they have
gone to work in the Blairmore /mine.
A vag. named'Warn .was run in by
the police on .Monday, evening,' and
though he had,many,'arguments' -m
I favor of getting out) Inspector Belcher
gave him a month "in Macieod.
■Mrv4 Davis, - of Coleman, cycled5 to
Frank on Tuesday .evening.    ■ '   '    .
Mr. J. E. Wilcox, who has been en-"
glne'erin the Maple'Mine,,'started tb
work for ttielRocky Mountain Cement
Co. at Blairmore last Saturday.
. Mr and Mrs. Enoch Williams, 'pt
Bellevue, spent several days in town
A party bf our townsmen spenVthe
T-eek-end"at-the South Fork fishing?,
Amongst them, Alic Goyette, Sergeant
Bowers, Stanley Rourke, J.H? Dubar,
R. L.' Ferguson and W. M. Thompson.,
, The funeral of Richard .Wilcox who'
was drowned last,week as held from
the-Methodist Church on Friday morning. Rev. W. S. Toung,' officiating?
Six young' men, -. companions of. deceased, acted as pall bearers, and a
large crowd of sympathetic mourners,
who represented the whole town, gathered at- the church. The burial took
place at Blairmore. ThS service in
the Methodist Church next Sunday
evening at 7.30. will be the'memorial
service- of the deceased.""
. For the past week the whole town
haa been under a cloud. Last week a
popular and-well known young man
was taken; this week a mother who
had the care'of eight children, was
called from her place in the home that
she filled so well, to her reward—Mrs.
Frank Wejr, who died last Saturday,
at the'hospital." ,'Aweek previously
slip was as wellvas ever; when.a piln
started, that resulted in inflamaiion of
the lira inland "final death. '■ On Mo'i-
day afternoon the'-'imeial service was
hold in the home by Rev W T. Yo'iug,
a.fle;' which a' largo procession was
led by the Bohemian -Band . to tlie
Elfr.rmore CemeUvy. " /There is m>
lvan in town better known than Frank,
and no one who has been,so willing
to help when'evgr anyone has been in
trouble or sorrow as he has been, and
in his ' own sorrow- he has ■ the sympathy of the whole community.     -
Our Pocahontus friends, accompanied by Dave Steene and J. McG'egliie,
visited North, Fork on a fishing tour
last week, where they spent' several
days and returned on Saturday night
heavily laden with fish. ,,The Scotchmen from Yellowhead left on the noon
train on Monday for their homes.," After, their ^return from North ' Fork,
where they report pretty good fishing,
the .boys from Pocahontus met at Car-
ruthers^ Old Calabash where they held
a big smoker, and the following,- programme - was effectively-' rendered:,
Song, "Down by the Old Mill Stream/''
S. Patton; '-Who Said the Boy;s Could
Not Come.Back?" Dave Steene, encore
"Stirling .Burgh"; concertina/ solo,
.'.'Bluebells,".'G.-.NIcol; "I Love^Jennie
Better, Than Any," Sam Chesthey. ^~A
.'. Miss Little, and Miss Sheppard, "of
the Hospital nursing staff, were the
guests of Mr aud Mrs. T. Reid on Tuesday.     - ;       . ■,
Miss Workman, sister of Dr. Workman, !has gone to Victoria for a few
days.      I .     , * -    .
R. Fairclough* arid company are very
busy-these days making huts for the
accomodation-of some poultry which
are'expected.to arrive shortly.    »
The members of.the club turned out
on Sunday to have their photographs
taken in' front of the club by a photographer from Calgary, who' is staying
up.here a few days.
The mother and sister of Robert
Schram, arrived in camp,on Tuesday
from, down east. This is the first
time that Mrs. Schram has been west,
although she has been ln this country
58 years. Wo are pleased to see her
looking so well and hearty for her
age.     - -
If you want to know anything about
the -new dog recently purchased by
R. Fairclough, ask Jimmy."   Nuf sed!
We hear from good authority that
grading.operations will soon be commenced " to the new prospect, where
cbal has been found in abundance.
We think' it.very .discouraging to
find that after the' sidewalks have been
fixed up' and made safe for pedestrians ,there^,'are.'holes dug which will
prove very, dangerous some of these
daysv A little thought on the part of
those responsible for same .would alter
things for the "common good. - .
,' George Page' has left the tipple and
is now, working in the power house."
Mark Hugall is laying off a few days
with a strained" knee.
-- "We think it" high time that the min-'
ers put a stop to the practice of jumping off the train whilst in motion as
during, this last week on two occasions the practice has been responsible
for. what might have been serious accidents.,     - -
Harry ,Fox was taken nito Hospital
on Wednesday night with blood poisoning in the.fbot.
• John Dodd employed in No. 1 East
Mine got" squeezed between someVcars
and the rib/: .
? - We 'are. pleased to report that Ed.
Mahoney- is up arid knocking around
again after his Illness. We wish you,
a speedyreebvery, Ed.' ■- <> .
Jack .Harry Wilson arrived back in
♦
♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦
' •♦
HILLCREST NOTES   .      ♦
Teddy Trafford, an old timer of
Fernie has been visiting some of his
old friends prior to his starting work
at Bellevue. '"       ''     ''
Super. James Quighley had a driving-out party fishing at South? Forks
did they brought back quite a good
catch of, suckers: -7 7,
Tom WllBon and Nlck-a-Nack went
out fishing to North'Forks for over a
week.,' Everyone was pleased to see
them land back safe and sound. Wilson was asited what sort of time they
had, and he made answer: "We caught
more fish than° would serve all Hillcrest people a month."
The Duke of Cunningham, late proprietor ot the Union itotel, has fallel
through some bad management, no one
knows how. Being a'good'sport the
citizens sympathize with him and hope
that he will have better luck next
time.
Raymond Belle and Co. gave their
dramatic entertainment in th«PUnion
Hall on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, when there were very large and
appreciative audiences.
. Dr. Ross has left town for a viait to
Edmonton to attend the Medical Congress, and everyone is waiting for.hiB
return, as he is very popular with the
public of Hillcrest.
- The Co-Operative is going on fine.
Business is improving every month1
and they have not teams enough of
their own to get in .their surplus stock.
They had two cars loaded'with groceries, boots' and shoes, etc., come in last
Friday, and had to - hire two teams
from Bellevue and Bill Regan's of Hillcrest, for two days. ' The manager is
selling the best of-goods at the lowest
prices," an'd it is up to every working
man to. trade with tho Co-Operative
and put'down.the .middleman, and run
the' store on their own. ,   ' .
innings, by that time.it was getting"
pretty dark, so* McKiller,'called the1..
game.   Score, 9—0, in favor of Taber?  -
Tim Falrhursthas been pretty bad*'"
with the fever the last-couple of weeks ,
but seems to be on the mend now.    ."
Some farmers have   begun - cutting
grain in this vicinity.   , Quite a number  have been  in town1 looking' for
help.     Wages1 offered average about ■
two dollars fifty and board.
Bill Nodden has gone,to work.fdr   -
Bates but north. .   -   _. .    •'"
Jack Carrol, one time proprietor of
the Taber Hotei, Is in jail In Taber. -"
Carrol, who has been away for several
years^ landed here on Saturday night.
Early Sunday morning he went to tho
house of Annable, the lumber and real',.
estate man, and threatened to shoot '
him.     Annable got away and called
the police, and as a consequence Car-
roil Is now awaiting trial.      ,. -
A 'social is to be held on Wednesday
night fn aid of the. Methodist Churcji.^ -
A footcall match . was played ■ on
Wednesday between Grassy Lake,and,,
Taber at the last named place. This
was the first game of the league" fier-.
Ic-k, and was won by the^ Taber team. %.
Score, 2—1. After the game a smok- \ '
er was held in the Miners' Hall!' :
'/'A
♦♦»»♦♦♦»»
CORBIN  NOTES
-   By Raconteur
Wo hear Tony, la getting married.
Wo cravo your Indulgence, Tony,
Glad to neo you looking ao well after
your outing, Tom,
W. H, .Tonci, out; gallant hussar, bet-
i*\r known n* "The Rnnrftant.," Inf. hnr«
to follow tho binder on tho hhrvoit
field at Rod Door. Call again, Jonei.
, Mr and Mn, Robert! wore vUltlng
Fernie.
, Mn Tom Willlami, our goTernmwt
inipector, was making bit monthly In-
apoctlon hero last weok.
It's not often we ue 8am having an
outing.
Qlnd to boo you around again, Mickey, after your abort Illneia. tha
Irish medicine don't ■eem to agree
with you.
Lot« of dancori turnod out on Sat*
unlay rtlKht to uU»|> U out, but uU_.l
Jack with hit fiddle went back oa
them.   Too bad of yea, Jack.
A concert and danoe will be held
In tbe Club Hall en Saturday, Follow the crowd.
Idle day* tu Cactita a.»_.ta. scarcity
of cart being ti* tronWe.
Mr. Lewis Stockett arrived on Sunday morning's trnln .from Calgary.
, P. Burns' ,Btor« Is there with"the
advertising. , Some class to him. -
;Mr. J. W. Wilkinson, of the Trades
and' Labor Council ' addrossod , .the
members of tho Local Union on Sunday Inst and.gavo a very Interesting
looturo,
Wo are gonlg to havo sports .on
Labor Day. Everybody wants to
booBt nnd mako them'a buccobb. Do
[your llttlo bit and holp out, you will
have lota ot chance to put your namo
on tho subscription list.
- Well, John, your antiquarian Ideas
nbout Scotland Yard nre no good; you
want'to put your philosophical ldotiB
Into something olio,
Somo fishy stories were all some of
the boys camo homo with on Sunday
last. Ho had a big one, ho said; lt
must hnvo weighed fi or 0 pounds and
whou uBlind,how ho know the wolght
ho snld lio saw tho sralon on Ub back.
Turn out all your docoratlons and
docorato for Labor Day, Wo will
make it worth your while. Now you
Juniors, j>vou want to get busy for tho
baflobi.ll on Labor Day; you havo to
got n revenge on Fornlo. Lot's havo
it thon.
A Russian miner had Ills nnltle broken In l.'l chute on A [.oval lint Friday,
Mr. W.n, Hayes, district manager
of tho 41 Moat Market Co,, waa In
lown ou Monday laat.
Tho Fernio hoys will have to go
uomo to l>eat Iiosmor In tholr tic for
tho Mutx Cup. Tho locals are doing
quite ti lot of training nnd will bo fit
and woll on Saturday, (Uuohb they'll
want to train, too,)
Now, brtv«, Ihev enn't run n team
on hot air and cold potatoes, io dig
down when tho hat cornea around. IU)
n sport!
The lloimer team will be chosen
from tho following: Tilly, B, Partridge
and Wardrop; Rice, McQueen, Balder
mono, White, W. Thornton, T. Hut-
chlnion and Downie!' Come In your
crowds and booit for the local*. Do
your shopping afterwards, ,.
Once again: Don't forgot the tabor Day iportil
Mra. J. V, Jarvla haa arrive* home
from, a holiday In Lett-bridge,
Tlio local uuu'cUuaU have responded
pretty good to the call for subscription* and hope tbe reit of the towni
people wilt do likewise,
quite a number of tbe loeal fight
speech > on. Socialism by, Dan Dunlop,
brought down' the house. "1 am coming Home"to,You, Old Gal," P. Byron;
"I'm Getting Married in October," Jas.
Kennedy;- "The . Preacher and the
Bear,",by.'Dave-Steene. . A song by
the late presldent„W..Carruthers, closed-the programme., -To finish, the
evening-a keg was'put up for the bent
speech,' which naturally^*fell to Mr.
Dan.Dunlop, whp was.easily chosen
by'the-judges as having secured first
place., At the conclusion all (joined
handB and sang-'.'Auld Lang Syne."
 V
TABER NOTES
last week. '->-,'•
' A surprise was aprung on the people of Frank on Thursday morning
whon J. McGechle doelded to go to the
North Fork along with the rest of
the old school, Some of us had got'
lt Into,our hoadB that lt was Impossible to got hlra to leave tho town for
a day, so tho, only thing wo would llko
to soo, James, Is that you take moro
outings for yourself, old boy.
Dr, MoKny left for Edmonton on
Saturday to attend l tho Modlcal Association Convention, His place hero
ls bolng takon by Dr. Baker, of,Blairmore,
A publlo meeting Is to bo hold in tbo
Minors' Hall on Saturday ■ night at
7 80. J, W. Wilkinson, Western Or-
ganlzor for tho Trades and Labor Con-
gross of Canada, will be tho special
Biicukor. Ilo wants all union mon to
bo thero,
Mr. Kolphcr, brakesman on engine
1044, that has boon put In horo switching lately, has rented ovor tlio Hardware, and haB movod his family Into
town.
A brother or Mr. Charlos Williams
lias como to work on tho switching
crow
Mr, Lano, of tho furnlturo itoro, haa
rented tho houio noxt the church and
will movo bin family horo at onco.
IIoii, C, It, Mltc.if.ll, mlnluter of
public work! for Alborta. waB In town
lint wook going over tho illdo road.
S.nco Inst week tho Sohool Board
Itn ro announced tholr Intention of bo-
cur?ng a third teacher for tho school.
Laat Thursday runaways wore tho
order of tho day, Early In M>o afternoon Mr. Dumont'a team ilartod to
run near Illalrmore, throwing father
nnd mother, nnd n child about threo
Card of Thanks
- Mr, Frank, Wejr wlsheB through the
columns of this papor to express his
appreciation ot tho kindness and practical, sympathy shown .him in his late
bbreavement by Dr. McKay and Nursb
McArthur of tho local hospital, and
also by all those who expressed their
sympathy In so many ways.
♦»»»♦»♦» ♦♦;»♦♦♦»♦♦
♦ n   COAL CREEK ♦
♦ ♦
Tho mlneB- nre working steadlor
those days, henco the smiles on the
faces of tho workers.
Tom Broadhurst has sold out and
gone to llvo In Fernio, Wo hopo ho
will mako out good ln hla now undor*
taking.
Oliver Shnw arrived back from IiIh
holidays and reports having had a
po Ml tlmo.
Tlio Wblo Clnfls nnd teacher of tho
Methodist Sunday School mot togothor
on Friday, Aug, Oth, to bid farowoll
and Godspood to John Corlott Mil.p.
who has loft for the old country, Singing and games constituted n very plon-
sant ovenlng,
Chris Wright, tho accountant nt tho
company's office, roturnod from Calgary on Saturday night, bringing with
him his blushing bride. Tho youngs
torn aHRombled at tho train, nnd ac
rompanlod by the muslo (?) of tin pans
nnd kettlos, tho happy pair woro escorted to their futuro homo In Morris-
soy CottngcB. Tho band did not ennsn
playing until Chris produced tho
dough, Our congratulations to you
both.
On Friday night at the conclusion
of tlio regular local mooting held <n
camp Thursday.    .There is no place
like Coal ..Creek, Bays Jack.    ",
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦<►♦♦♦
>,-? "Vy'/.  -.'   ••      >,.;«•
♦ -y*;  LETHBRIDGE ♦
♦ ;/'••; >-- •' y,      '  ' ; ,y- *>
♦ ♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦ ♦.♦ ♦-
•       . -I*  ,'  ■ , -
-i i      ■ ,       •
'' Th«  company here^ has' started  a
new,system of giving out checks for
pay day. Formerly it was brass checks
numbered, but on Monday., notices
were posted ■ that statements were
ready, Attached to the statement Is
a stubb which, after looking over you
have got to sign your name and also
secure another person's Blgnaturo ns
witness, and this Is tho part that the
men object to.- A special meeting is
being called for Friday evening to decide what steps the men will tako
with regard to it.
('Friday Andrew Finnic'mot with a
serious accident'whilst at Avork ln No.
C mine, a piece of rock from tho roof
falling on, his back and bruising lt
severely.  .
J? A. Foster recording secretary tf
Local D74 resumed work on Thursday
after bolng off work for six woekB
with tho accident he met with whon ho
Injured his foot whilst at- work In tlio
ARE WE IN THE HANDS     .
OF A BIG WAR TRUST
mine,    We nre all ploased to ,800 you
around again, Jack.
Knrl Theodorvltch loft today for
Corbln as Instructed by Prosldont
Stubbs. Whilst in tills district lio
has visited the dltforont locals and
hns had fnlr buccohb In getting them
reorganized, It Ib n difficult nuttier
ns every Rummer the mln on rup stuck
and tho majority of tho mon obtnln
work outsido and bocomo lapsed members before tlio work picks up again,
At tlio Invitation of tho Modlcino
Hnt Traders' Council tho Lothbridgo
Trades Council a month ngo decided
to hold Labor Day In tlio lint, where
a good dny'B sport has boon nrrangod,
Tho presldont and socrotary of the
council horo proccodcrt lo Calgary lo
intorvlow Mr. McMlllor, superintendent, ns to arranging for n special
train and prlco of tickets.' lie informed thorn ho would sco what could be
dono nnd lot them know by mall laat
Frldny, Thoy received word from
him' to lho orfoct Hint thoy could not
possibly get n train.   Poor Jock, the
The mines are running a little-better this week?  ?Tho big mine is hoist;
11« i« n >t*\«ifr ^niA ^hiin A mj\H _____. + /**? ri t\/\m n _rt^r_
More could be produced but the men
don't.seem to get thb cars.when tbey
need them.' ' Lack of transportation
in the mine seems tb be the trouble.
Several new drivers have-been blred
so that this will be remedied."
, The old hands are gradually coming
back.' Joe Tufts, tipple engineer, Ib
back at' his old job.
Mr. Walton? welghman for the company for the last two years, has again
started on the job.
Max Shultz, who has worked at tho
Eureka for' the last five years, haa
begun work in the Canada West as a
machine runner.
Bobby Jombo has got a job as oiler
on the surface.,.
John Zyubreck has started work on
tho'picking belt."
Quite -i\ number ot now won have
bo-en signed on tho Inst two days.
Jack Sourbeo and Wilfrid havo returned from the old country whoro
they have been since laBt April,
Tho people of this community woro
sorry to hoar of tho doath of- Mr. J.
W. S. Duncan, who onco taught In
tho school horo. Tho young man wns
out In a canoe with" a' friend and got
Into some breakers and wns forcod to
jump overboard and swim for life.
Duncan was taken with cramp and
MONTREAL, Aug. 12—In the course
of an article cin Le Devoir on "The ,
Anglo-German  menace," "^Henri  Bour- "
assa says: ,
■  "This    morning's    dispatches    announce that Mr. Borden is "going to ''
Ge;many.     Let us, hope that before   ■
lie lutmns to Canada,' thev Prima Mm
islcr 'will have secured from the'wei-   ,
man and British authorities, the .determination to follow up and probe to
the bottom an Inquiry started by the   -
London Investors' Review.     ,    a-
"There is  something more  urgent,
for both of Great Britain and 'Germany. ?
than to cut each other's throat for
the benefit of1 Krupp and Vickers and"'
Maxim.v   It is to know the names tot
all the'shareholders   of/'that   trust,".
_«..f.t.^l* !_._._.«« <,/.nv.Awl.«.-._ A_,. Kwinn,_f n,^^^.^^^	
the noblest- nations on earth to war, -'
slaughter, in tordei- to   Increase ' its j
profits.    It is also to unveil the means "'
used'by these companies to corrupt .
I officials of great departments ot "state,',
rulers and publicists.   " /'
Mr. Borden and his colleagues have
a' more Imperative duty than' that of -
throwing the Canadian people tn such''
criminal folly; It is to find out by all
means legally available to a conscientious government, the traces In, Canada of the German trust's Intrigues;
It is to discover and denounce tbo accomplices and agents of that diabolical
organization.  >.
. "Pending the ■ accomplishment of
that work of purification and national
Balvatlon all honest people, all Canadians who have not lost their heads,
are justified ln looking upon the Montreal Star nnd its subservient follower La Patrlo as tho agents,-conscious
or unconscious, of the Krupp firm la
Canada."
THE CANADIAN   .
FORE8TRY A880CIAT1ON
The fourteenth annual , convention
of tho Canadian Forestry Association
will be held ln Victoria on September
waB drowned boforo help could roach 14, G nnd 0,
yoati to the road, one wtioel running ubo (;lllb iM,< tbo few mombors and
ovor iho child a head and bari.yncut- itimni* «UM_ui_.fci| to .ie_.r Comr<u.o .,
ling tt, necessitating Immediate med1
civ allenttyn. Tho team got awoy
from tho wagon and did some fast
travelling beforo tbey wero caught,
"Hie fame evening tbe *_uiftic.r.ut.i
tn.im wuro itandlng In front of the
hottl tied to a S« lb. weight. Some
baseball enthuilssU were pitching the
ball around on the grounds, when tnr
friend Mr Lloyd sent inch a curve
»h.it bu prtrtnnr eouM n)t nton It nnd
It hit tbo hone undor U.e Jaw. The
team went off, rati and alt, ind In n
iborl tlmo tbeir brfdloa broke, Tboy
came down the male street futt speed,
and '.«m«d up lo tho Hospital, when
a t**f.>h. w post stopped tbo rig and
him. -   '
Tabor Is to have concroto sidewalks,
Tho contract Is lot and tho contractors
nro now hiring men.    They nre paying
twenty-seven and a hnlf cents an hour.
It don't seem right that' this work
Bhould bo lot go all Biimmor when
hcomb   of   mon   wore   walking tlio
streets and starlod up now whon Die
initios linvo Htarted and harvesting Is
coming on.     Now thc cry will bo
rnlRod nbout the scarcity of labor, and
tlio proHporotiH Hiiioh In tlio town of
Tuber, but nothing Htild  nbout tho
loan times of (ho taut olght monlliR,
Tlio Tuber Cronconts Journeyed to
Uthhrlrtgo on Monday and trim mod
I lm tonm from that burg lo (ho tuna
or P—-I	
Somo fiirmors from How IhInii.I lind
nn idua that thoy couM piny bull Iim-
C.g licked a fow scrub teams nlons tlio
lino, The Irion gro'v 'in tliem, bo ihc-y
..ittllonfibd Tabor rhnri.ji.oiifi, nnd two
gamoH woro urrniiKed for Tuehduy.
Tho first gnme In the afternoon. Tnber
slavey, muBt stay nt homo, for he don't j pl,t tholr pltchor, In tho outfield nnd
'■' '   '   ' "'"'■''    ! ' " ' '-""-alio ouuiviuur to put...     'mvii i.n».
ituu,  _.,«(_.  iimiu  Mi  _a/.c ,.i^i  i^r
X.
lo hoodoo miy-Jr- Into b.i,' flenln in ftWj «,«/;.-/! buacuiu did act iboiv up,
faai wfrot lo Fertle lo w!lne*i tbelbtolio tbo pole,    Ono of tbf b«n«*
Sfulteri- Carver bout, but'thefr errand jt^t i Jftrto enf, but ap«r. from thnt
wai fruitless.    Carver took cold feat, thoy ar* uninjured.
W, Wilkinson, organiser for Canadian
Trades and Labor Congress. T, Franco
occupied tho chair, and In a fow humorous romarka Introduced tho speaker. Mi. V..-*-»-._.i.n dbfi-i wna im.
subject "The Comlltutlon, Pait IVork
and Futuro Policy of the Cnnadlnn
Trades and Labor Congress" In a splon
did manner, fulfilling hli credentials as
an able speaker. Ho roforred to the
Knu Can/*, and tho action of the oro-
ganltailon, and alio dealt . at somo
jftnifih on tho Immigration fjiiMllon.
At tbe close questions were Invited,
but everybody aeomod satisfied. Owing to tbo mines working on tha aftor-
noon, aeveral members wero prevented
from attending. A number of Creek-
ItM journeyed to Pern... en Sunday
Right to bear blm.
real CBtat© or purchasing a fruit fnrm
on tho rocky mouiitnlns, whoro flea
grow on thistles. Oh, no! he only
wants recreation nnd to tako part ln
a     fm*.A     ifftir*H     f.*_.t*<t    ^iiltlt    Vf*«fMt ni"<.     fit
bis own kidney. But Mr, McKellto
tins said Ko! and I suppose Hint ends
It. What a holpteBB crow we nro!
Who's to blamo?—Problem,
TU»W ON THE H08E
Tlo fns hi* wit* hastfns to rntfb ft
car and Is putting on her glovf*}—
"Thafa It; always late! And why
can't you dress in the house? 1 would
Just aa soon seo a woman put on ber
stockings aa ber gloves."
She—"fl© would any otlwr man."—
Tho Coyote.
mo they cnllod on a rouplo of "kldn"
around town. Kven with this arrangement thoy were hard pressed to
lo|. Bow Island win.    But when the
t        i . I ,  ,r 11 .It
tors lod by one; scoro, 8—0. A proud
lunch from tho hi-1 gns well! Tho
nn ind gnmo wa.i scheduled for six
fir'ion p.m., but wm about lmir-nn-
h,.iir iRte. The r'^ular Taber team
"iiy In the field nnd Citgnn In the box
What be did to Ihose boys was a
shsme. It was a procession from tht)
bf>ncb to the box and bark again, He
allowed one hit, which passed ovor
Judson's head. Farrar fielded nicely,
but as ho went to throw he put his
foot In a hole. Ho recovered quickly
but tha ball was a second late In get-
In a leaflet Issued by the Association It says: ..   -
tn 1910 tho, valuo of tho forest products of Canada was $100,000,000 or  '
ovor •'_'_! for every Inhabitant,
Kvory ono can sen how this touches
him, If wo go on ns In the pant,''
slashing and burning-our forcHts, this
Immoimo Industry will bo Iota in a
fow yon is, and with It will go all Its
subsidiary Indus trios. Grout as this
Iohh will bo It will bo exceeded by tho
Iobb to our agriculture, waterpowcra
nud nnvlgtitlon.
On tlio oIIkt linn il the amount of
lnnd In Cnnndn milted only to twos Ib
Hiicli thai, if tlio forests aro maintained
in tlir>Mp nrniiH nnd propnrly worked tho
redlining product will not only keep
evory oxisllng wood-working Industry
going for ever, but tht-sc lndu»trlcu
cnn be gwatly Inerenicd without using
moro than lho nnnual growth. At thn
same tlmo our agriculture, navigation
mid wntorpownri will bo onnblcd to
roach their hlghoHt development.
Tho Cnnadlnn Forestry Association
in        it     i ,  .  , i   K      i\    , .,-
...    ...I    .....tt/.tt.,   u,j>Hi„H_„-,i,    *.,w    ,"._.
piw of which in te i.Mr .tp v^.p ««d
through them tho govemmontH to do
their duty In this respect, It has
dono a good deal slnco It started In
1000, but It could do more with mom*
vcntlons In nil parts of Canada, pub-
IIsiich Kb annua! report, and tbe Canadian Forestry Journal,! provides Illustrated lnntern lectures, and In othor
ways nfeltntcs this question If you
think this Is a worthy and patrlotte object und aro not already a member you
nre Invited to bocomo one. Tbo
membership fee ll ono dollar per yoar
(llfo memborahtp |10), end thli «n-
tltlei you to all tbo publications of
thn Association as well aa to attendance and voting privileges at annual
meetings.    Address:   James Lawler,
I ting to first.     Tho game went six Herretary, Canadian Building, Ottawa. :.-:* ?
..A.   •-     V
»=*\t
•v.;
SESyS
3K3P_pswirg-«sgsB^^ ytt^vBium wgg|^*fetiw»iJ-t^ifflasai»
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UKVaWAI I BfWWf
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77-1 '\>
.'«.«._»'" ,.
PAGE EIGHT
iv
The Massacre of  t
'..'."'     -  ■        y        *,*--.,  -      '- ''      "■
'     Strikers in Sifeeria
■ ■THE'-DISTSICi; LEDGEB, •gEMli^^B.-.O, A6gTOT?_it? 1912.
y*-\
A-
--■-\
^_"
the' sixty million people - inx Russia,
that henceforth the police officers'will
be given, the power to °"arresy and
shoot,, the subjects of .the'Czar ;at'th«i^
own" sweet- willi"—Tfanslatio'__;.made
for'The'Literary Digest."'- ^ ..•'•'?S,
,     No event since "Bloody Sunday," say
• ,,c the. Russian "press, has so profoundly
, - stirred the Czar's Empire as a recent
tragedy iri the Lena gold fields, Siber-'
7'   ian Russia, in which a company 'of 'sol-,
u   ', diers under the command of a police'
officer named Trescheuko, shot into a
crowd of striking gold-miners? killing
■ one hundred and sixty-three men-out-
- -right and wounding onek hundred-and
- fifty. The news of it spread lil_e;wild-
7 fire throughout the Empire-and in a
. moment "the spirit   of   revolt," which
seemed to have been completely crushed in Russia, broke'out with such'ele-
. mental force,, that it frightened even
the Russian administration and the reactionary press out of their Indlffc-
' ence to' public sentiment.     For 'd.iys
,   and days the government had to listen
to interppellations. in the. Duma—not
, only from Socialists and Liberals but
also from the conservative leader of
the Octoberist majority, Gutzkov, and
from a party of the Right, the Nation:
ists.     Minister of the Interior Maka-
rov-was roused to defend in.the Duma
the actioii of the authorities at the
Lena mines, and is reported thus *n
the Novbye Vremya (St. Petersburg):
"ILere are certain events in a na-
Jion.'s !'fe about^which we must endeavor to find out the whole truth, no
matter   what  the  consequences  may
be.     Such an event I consider to be
,t!::' ....gic incident in Lena, ani, that
is why I am'anxious to reply to jour
question  immediately, though  it has
, not yet been possible to get at the full
facts of the case.   "'■    '
VPle'ase listen calmly to what I have
to,say.     The authorities are censured
.    for theirsconduct in interfering with a
3trike that'was peaceful and with resorting to the use or firearms when
, there was ncnecessity for it.     Now,
there is no doubt that the1 demands
, of tbe strikers weie of a socialistic!
character,   and   there   is' further  no
Q doubt that the leaders of the strike
were agitators. ■" Incited by these agitators, the crowd stopped a passenger
train , and  prevented  men  who ' were
willing to go to work from taking their
. places.    There was nothing for the "authorities to do, but to order the arrest
r- of the" leaders:    The leaders-were arrested'and then-followed the bloody
incident which cost' the miners    so
'many lives. ', •
'- ' "The situation was a dangerous one.
,„ The crowd-that gathered ,td demon-
—Straff--Wnilld—h!)va_/Hcarm(,_1_t].0_!'_;«l_I _
' iers if they had not opened,fire:; After
the'first charge, the crowd again rush
ed upon the" company ft soldiers with
"    shouts of.'hurrah.'     What could the
. ■   soldiers-have done?     When the-peo-'
pie,' incited by ^agitators, ' lose"'their
good judgment,.then there is"nothing
_ for the soldiers to do-but'tq shoot:
1 .'This is-the, way it has always been,
and always will be.    The,blame rests,
not upon the military authorities, bur.
upon the agitators, some of whom nre
'now In prison, some of whom have escaped.   It rests also- upon all those-
'■ who'are, on the side of the agitators."
, This ,'reply, we read,- raised a storm
of Indignation all over Russia.     On
Sunday, April'29, there was a demonstration .on the Kazan Square in St..
Petersburg.    The noxt dny a'general
. one-day strike was decalred, and on
Mny 1, flfty-o'i'ir, thousand men" wore
Idle, In St. Petersburg.     The strike
quickly spread to all the Inrgo cities in
' Itussln.     Five thousand arrests worn
mndo In one day In St. Petersburg
alono.    Thon the Government receded
Bomowlint from Its position, To counteract tho effect of Makarov's speech
Tlmashov, the Minister of Trado and
, Industry, absolved tho strikers from
blnmo, nnd declnred In behalf o''tlio
ProBldent of the Council of Mlnu'cr-.
tlmt tho officers responsible ,or tl.e
event will  be  recalled,  and 'tint n
commission will bo sent to Lena, tho
dlBtrlc-UWhoro the tragody occurred, lo
make a thorough Investigation.
Tho ovontB which led up ro the
shooting aro dcwrlbr-d as,follows in
tlio Novoyo Vromyn.'ln lho'roport of n
speech by Antonov. a Socialist deputy,
who said ori the floor of'the Duma:
"On February'29. six thousand workmen went.ori strike in the golc^inines
of Lena: The condition of work in
the mines, according to official information, was highly unsatisfactory.
The pay was purely nominal, the food
supplied by the mine owners was extremely bad, and the miners" Were
housed in regular .barracks; also the
property of the .operators. Theso
were the conditions against whlph the
miners struck. Their demands were
so,rational that even the employers
recognized the justice of the men's
case, and entered into negotiations
with therri. The government authorities, too, declared that the miners' demands were reasonable, and deserved
careful consideration.      '      ;
"The strike had lasted for a month
without the least disturbance. The
strike-leaders had their men thoroughly in hand and they were able to preserve perfect peace: According to
the testimony of Baron Ginzburg, one
of the directors of the Lena Mining
Company, the employers believed that
they could grant some of the strikers'
demands, and it was generally expected that the strike would soon end. 'Tn
a word, there was no cause whatever
for. resorting-"to extraordinary mea:
sures and for'calling in the soldiery.
"Nevertheless, all of a sudden an.
order came from St. Petersburg, to
put an end' to the strike at once, and,
on March 29, Trescheriko who, Ihe
papers gay, is well known for his activity as a provocative, spy, was given
the command of the troops. His first
step was ■ to - arrest the miners' dele;
gates. who we're then - carrying on
peaceful negotiations with the employers, aud - who had been appointed' by
the Lena chief of' police and the government engineer. This act was, of
course, merely calculated to arouse the
anger of the strikers? and it did. When
the workmen learned of the arrest of
their delegates they marched in a body
of three thousand to' the prison j and
demanded .their release. ' They -were
perfectly peaceful, they made .no -attack on the soldiers, and ,wefe unarmed. But it offered Treschenko the
opportunity»which he desired, and
without any provocation he ordered
the soldiers to fire.".        ''  '
Among the' anti-Socialists who joined in the denunciation of Treschenko's
severe -measures • against- tlie strikers
Itnrwell-lcrio'wn. jouTSalilTwSoThas no"
sympathy with .anything like, rebellious'
or, popular-revolt.    This is Count Mes-
cherakyran extreme conservative; who
writes in,,his, paper, the Gra'zhdanin
(St.' Petersburg.)   y \ ' .-,*> '- , ,'y
"I,have been editing this paper for
forty years and this is the first time
that'I find myself in'agreement with
the Socialists.     Does it mean that I
have suddenly become a Socialist?   I
do not think so,     But it means something more serious.     It means that
there are times in the life of Russia,
times of deep stress, in which'an'honest writer believing'in,God and loyal
to the Czar must'perforce speak,as if
ho were In-the very presence of'God.
And then, there will be such sincerity
in his words that they will,find- their
way even to the heart of a man whose
general outlook on llfo Is diamotrlcnlly
opposed to his.    'And this sincerity
I do not find in the speech of Maltnrov,
tho Minister'of the Interior.     I do
find IL in the utterances of tho Socialists.     Thore" wns something vory uncertain and hosltnting about the faces
which Mnkarov dtod In justification of
Ihe awful massacre in Lena, and ns ho
Is nn lionest man I am suro ho would
admit, when questioned, that ho is not
convinced thnt tho facts nre as be
rtnted horn, or thnl there nro any mitigating ' circumstances nt nil  In   thin
wholesale govornmont murdor,    Kvou
according to the Minister's- version of
the enso, tho soldiers wore ordered to
shoot, not for what the Briltors actual
ly did, but for what thoy might hnve
dono.     And yet he Buys that 'It will
nlwnys bo so,' thnt Ih, he lolls not only
tl'c Siberian miners, but evory ono of
.'.-.SOCIALISM  IN GERMANY'.   •'
' , , "   '    y  v -yj ;yy .
-    .'- '"?-\ i .      -' ■•• y ,
"You know,"! heard an Englishman
say, tb\a friend, "you can not' do any-'
thing,against this sort of t,hing?» You
cannot, indeed, I should imagine that
very few real Socialists of the wild
and viewy sort, as we "know them,
were irk the crowd. • This cheering did
not belong-to any" section. ./It was
public opinion." .The ordinary, peaceful, well-disposed, patriotic citizen" of.
Berlin was cheering Socialist victories
because here the Socialist party alone
is able to give any effective expression
to the white man's passion for liberty.
I "have been a, good deal \about ln
Germany during these. past electioneering weeks, and am perfectly
convinced that if Germany had a re-,
presentative government all our inter?
national events would be found easily
adjustable. I am quite convinced also that when'the German'people get
the right to' govern themselves the
bulk of them '.will apply themselves to.
the, problem in a reasonable and responsible, way," arid the Socialist terror that is now swamping the influences of the middle classes will dwindle.
All that Germany has to do is to invest
her" parliament" with. the right-'to .govern, and the rest is easy. That.'Ger-
many , will "ultimately" obtain '.parliamentary government, or, rather,-"-that
the principle 'of the representative
government will establish itself in Germany, is as certain as tomorrow's sun
rise.?   '       '",'-'     ■       "   . •
But it is not coming just yet. .Systems die hard, and, fighting .systems
die fighting.. 'The Prussian fighting
machine that prevents parliament
from governing is, not weakened - yet,
and the autocracy is contemptuously
'confident. The1 maintenance of the
system will go ori producing antagonisms internal .and external. Socialism will "continue to grow, and I cannot see how relations with England
are to be improved. The system of
absolution does not.,tend to conciliate
various interests,-'either in domestic or
foreign affairs:' - - Parliament without'
power means politics without practical
purpose,.aim or value.' The desire for
freedom'",driv'es-the masses of intelligent* workingirien in'the towns into
Socialism^and the danger-of Social-'
ism paralyzes the business ciassesy
Berlin correspondence of ,London?Tele-
g'r.aph. ■■■■'' " ,'7'.-'     -  "''. ' V  "-"(
The sun of the new world is rising;,
it, is rising out of" the solidarity' of
tne working class.     Its raysrof. light
are bursting through the dark hori.
zon which ignorance and deceit have
sojong riveted down about;us.'   It is
lighting'up''the, faces of a new order
of men and women; men and women
not, discouraged  by  defeat;, god-like
men  and  women;   men^and   women
who bave. found the' secret springs.of
life  and  already  aro  drinking  deep
and glorious draughts;  men and womon who are standing erect and whose
hands encircle the .world;  men nnd
womeirwho see-the world's wretchedness and the .world's poverty and are
ready to throw'away their lives with
a song'on thelr-'llps, that such things
shall1 not bo.    'Courage,  then,' my
•brothers nnd'sisters!     In tho vision
of your hearts lies tho power to crumble effoto civilization  into dust." In
tbo' sun oT your, lives and faith the
world's tyranny shrivels; but the' tolling mnnses arc'catching tho spirit of
thnt aim.   Tho slnvos oftan thousand
years nro stirring In their graves with
tho mighty lK.nrt_boat8 of the future.'
You nro Uio liberators!     Behind you
n mighty host Is waking from its agelong Bleep nnd unfolding Itn banners
to tliri light,   .You are ,tho victors.
Whoro you now walk tho'earth will
be beaten tint with the tramp of n
million  I'cot,     Another day of glad
courage and  fortitude;   another day
nnd tho towering pnlniB of our new
world will burst upon our sight,' Wo
ennnot fnll for we luivo laid hold of
Ilio'H ronlily and  life's  meaiilnj.8!--
Franklin II. Wctwortli.
THE RIGHT TpySipfKE
V''■ V ■   - y.."   \ •; ■ y!,"'\y'V -
,.§ince the advent of, the present'iibi
eral. 'Government', many 'measiire3.*of-
,"Soci-.i.Legislation" have been passed
and-;the\workers. iave/been. 'led '.to
believe that "such refoi'ms -would -ease
tlie.iitensity .of the struggle/?to- get
eiids' to' meet. "^Yet,, withal,7.their;lct
regains, as it was; a'duil, menoton'-"
ous round of toil for the-barest .ne-
ce'ssaries of "life; Moreover, there is
admittedly an actual decline' during
the' past decade,' in' the ^relative stai-'
dard of comfort.", .Is"it'to-;be"wonder?"
ed that "attempts' should be^made' to
obtain better,conditions in"face pf the
present boom-iri'.trade, and that there
should ,exisY>' - Spirit of 7- discontent
which'now and again brealis into open
revolt?  ' -;. .  'y ,  y    . y
With the persistence of' the present'
:?Labor Unrest," the question of Unionism has forced'itself in no: uncertain manner upon the working "class
movement, „and no..Party claiming to
represent the* working class can a'fi
ford to ignore It. ' ,On the contrary", we
find- many of .those who but a short
time ago /were ^shouting "Stop '-tlie
Strike," vigorously defending '.the
strike method, " Even such a' pure and
simple' Labor leader as.Keir Hardie
was forced "to admit, during the; debate
on the address upon the question' of
the Labor Unrest, that "Workingmen
had. discovered that after all their best
friend;was the strike." v • ■' "
■ The position of. the S. L. P. is thus
amply vindicated.' We .have- persistently advised the workers not to pin
their faith to -'Parliamentary " action
alone. We have pointed out that to
do so' was to leave the "employing
class a-free hand-to carry, on .their
nefarious trade of robbery.- - On the
other hand, we have urged forward a
re-organization of-, our system of unionism^ from 'the craft lines to the"
class basis, as the only effective' means
of resisting the'encroachment of'the
capitalist class pending the overthrow
of the entire system of-capitalism.'
* The correctness of this' advice Is
now being driven, home with a vengeance, and the "workers are' beginning to see that they-cannot hope to
win a strike with" any'measure of, success unless theyrdraw- closer to each
other in thleir economic organizations.
Here and there, . however, we do
meet with attempts,"to discredit the
use'of the s'triko„as the following ex--
amples will.show.---,-,in the Glasgow
Forward for/June'lst;-1912, Tom Mc-
Kerrell,'the"miners\,rleader from Kil-
marnocK," writes :sy _'-, "" y
, "How can.theAvages of the laboring
clgs3 bejalsedjbnf by.Act of Parlia-
merit? '. The laboring man.that "'has'
io<.-« ,—y.  .... ."__• \   .     '
of -.the workers' -'" the f.employlhg "class
find an obstacle ~tb'their"; attempts,' to
tighten the" c__ai;^s^arqund\the'-wage-'
slave. Let the working-class neglect
or drop their organization, iipon'-tfie industrial-field' arid" they., "would.; Very
soon be reduced, to a level'whiclf would
put the. worst features- of .serfdom to
shame. The effort^to".maintain";the'
right. to combine, may > be - costly, but
the1" energies spent and7the;|a'c>ifice"B
made will not be given ..for"illusions
;arid mirages.* Those who _ advise the
workers to abandon the'strike.are,rnot
their best friends,* .Indeed, scratch^the
back of such people'and "you "wilf find
the-professional place-hunter/'"-There
is. something more in malntain'irigVthe
rigfit" to strike idair "merely - demonstrating for an«increase" of -wages;,
there is the question •' of- 'unioriisrii,'
.without. which Socialism? i.e., ecdno-"
mii freedom, is impossible. ■- -*;
It" is'"'just here ..the," working class
must part company'with "the purely
Parliamentarian. ■- The' latter, cannot
detach himself from" tbe 'present form
of political government, the constituencies of. which'are drawn-from-certain geographical areas' with property
qualifications? Socialism has no need
for such" an institution. " With the
abolition of property in _the'tools of
production and the establishment'of
a system of production' for - use in
which useful work, will take, rank?-arid
precedence over useless "toil "and Idleness, the constituencies will have for
their" boundaries-the industries of the
land. \ This implies an industrially organised" working "class, which is. Impossible without'the right to combine?
Let the working class 'maintain the
right to strike arid'move'obedient'to
.their class interests.—T? B. in .The
Socialist, Glasgow/Scotland. '
•v-y y
*_.
A-DUGAL REMEDf?
-,''?,',.'? Hodge's'Lot'
yy
.11 ."'
A CHAIN  IS AS STRONG
, "    • AS 'ITS  WEAKEST  LINK
MY DREAM
SPOKANE
Wiies you lo flie
spokane nmnAm
Sepf.3Q±o CM-61912
ii;i;_
vuuvu/jun ana amuscmem < •
BcmeXhin6 io miewtfi&myvitidoit
VWt h Rebt.K Ccifrv/: $«& for Premium. Uitiv.
WvUbr*tiI DagyfVo£«__ 03 ^V-O... CQ JU'^ 00
'SmZM*.
m
m
I iliTiim'd n dronm of lionioland,
Awny ncroBB tho non,
I s-aw my ngod father
'IciiMitli the willow trop,
IIIh fi.ro wns llnod with sorrow,
MIb form was bent with on re,
I oiled aloud In nngulflh   ,
And wlali'd If I worn there.
I dreiiin'd n dronm of liomelnnd,
The homo bo donr to uio,
I wiw my ngod mot hor
llow'd down with uilHory;
Horoyoa woro flll'd with longing
TT«r lovM w» In r'-,,,v'.'.
I pelr,od tho cup, nnrt, dvlr....i..»,
IlomorBo, remorse to learn.
I ilrcnm'd a drerun of liomelnnd,
I saw a vision dear,
Her fnro Rtlll bnrf> Hip tv-ie*..
Of mnny n bitter icar.
filio wandered by the brooksldo,
Alio Hat upon the sent,
And hoard once.more tho Mtory—
So wonderful nnd sweet.
.i
And tilii(..ioH like the rones,
Across tier faco Were spread,
icr.nelng narrow's traces,
Unhallow'd Joy Instead,   '
And then once more Hip present,
Lenp'od up beforo the pant,
If I am spared till morrow
I will return at last,
—"KaUh," Michel, n,0.
18s. ajveek—when he gets it—is one
of the" most, pathetic' figures in civilization. 'How can.he get his wages
raised,?, Hie is too ? poor to join a
union, loo weak to-effec'tively combine"
to advance his wages.;-. Acts'of Parliament are his, only hbpeW
• In the same paper of Juiie 8th, 1912,
Thos. Johnston, in an'article headed
"Strikes and the State,:; .writes': -
, "And, now, altera hundred-years of
striking, you have 150,000 men marching and, counter-marching ' to Tower
Hill demanding—not" State ownership
of the stevedoring oi-barglng business-
es, bleBB you,,not at all—bnt;tho'right
to combine Into effective1 trade unions;
      Suppose the men win, "they
will get bigger wages—bully'for them!
—hut the masters will simpy raise
their prices to the outside pubic;- this'
in turn will raise tho price of retail
goods, and tlio (lockers, nnd carmen,
and bnrge workers will pay the oxtra
cost,,of tho goods with their rise In
wngos. • Then, nbout a year aftor*
wards, the barge worker will feel the
'pressure of economic circumstances'
(professional" term for hunger) again;
porhaps he will think ho did not strlko
onough the Inst tlmo. Ho will strlko
again,. It is a vicious clrclo of costly,
wasted efforts, of energies and sacrl-
fines given enthusiastically for illusions nnd mirages'.' '
Could wo solcct two bottor examples
to Illustrate the utter fatuity of thoso
who bollovo In pure and simple Parlia-
rtieniiry notion? ■       N   ■
Wo rond, for oxnmplo,' ln the Gins-
Bow llernld of, Juno nth, 1012, tlmt
1'oproBentntlvoB of lho Scottish coal-
owners had n, mooting In the-North
HrltlBh Station llotol, Glnsgow. lo
consider the minimum ratos fixed for
minors by tho Independent chnVrmon
of the Joint Bonrd for Scotlnnd'. Thoy
wore mmnlmoiiK in oxproBsln'g tlielr
Btrong dliMtlflfnetion with the ratos
fixed, which thoy consldor "too high",
nlno Hint tho dlatrlet hiIob did not pro-
vide ndoQiintn wifoguiirdu for tho protection of eonlowncrs,
Sow, suppose tho conlownoi-8 doodle
to go on strlko and docllno to pny the
rnioB fixed. Aro the mtnorsto lenvo
It to the Labor Party to soo thnt tho'
oonlmnafora pny up? if «0, wlint ab-
fliirnnro hnvo Mmy   ihnf    ,\l0   rM\)QV
will bo BiiercBBful?    Kooplng tn mind
ii    t   i i.      ,
...~ ....... _,.,»,_. liaj cuulotVlltM'S' llllet'CHU.
"^ w"11 "Jmr«.t<vrw, (j.* u^m.
ment benches, nnd ilmt only rocontly
a rofiignl wns given for' tho flvo nnd
two shilling minimum demanded   by
,- Wev- pointed out- recently" how the
capitalist employers' array one nationality !agairist another in order' to' keep
their workers'- in subjection.' .The"
workers must meet - these. tactics of
the- capitalist by. organizing all .the
workers, regardless of racial lines.
,7" There Is an old'saying that'"a
chain is as strong as its weakest link.''
This saying is absolutely' true of- organized' labor. We are as"- strong as
the. weakest among us—and no stronger. Therefore,, we must make "special
efforts to organize those groups' which
are in the; most defenseless condition?
-. If the staridard of living of those
who .are now organized Into, trade'un.
ions is.to be maintained, the millions
of immigrants'who are now unorganized must be brought into'these organ-
Izatlons or organized lnjojQ_?oinIons?l
»ho mlnera, wo ennnot but bollevo thnt
Min1, ml*  . , .   . I
 "> •   v.\i««ma   a   K,lfc.»1l-r
mooBure of nuccess ir thoy backed up
whatever Parliamentary action tbey
took with a throat t0 "down tools."
thnn If thoy merely loft It to n Pnrty
which cnn bring unanimity to boar
on nothing but the deslro fo k<ipp thnir
Hants.
Acts of Parliament mny ho nil right,
but they nre not worth tbe paper tliey
are written on union* the workora.aro
orgnnlMtd at (he tool of production to
enforce thc terms or tbo act.
Kaln would the employing claaa take
away the right of tho worker* tn mm.
blno,     In tho economic; organliatlbn
Otherwise, whenever; there, is a strike
tnere will always be thousands of nonunion workers ready to take the strikers^ place.-",-Moreover, with- the/deve-
Jopment-of^odjarn Industry'the capitalists are?seeking to displace the skilled workers'by "the'unskilled.',. This
means', 'tha ty he', unskilled ■ must .be
organized'just as^strongly as the>skll.'
led in order to maintain living wage
standards and to improve' working
conditions.". y '■- ■'. /'-; - . •
■ During the next five years the labor
movement.of America should--spend
millions of dollars to educate and organize the*Immigrants, both„econonii-,
cnlly ,'and politically. .' Every 'million
dollars spent In such organization nnd
education will save tens of'mlllions in
strike benefits and loss of wages. ,
We can no longer afford, to see the
steel ■ Industry; the' packing. Industry;
the. hnrvoster machinery Industry and
many other groat'enterprises tijrried
over completely to non-union labor,'
For the protection: of ourselves, as
well aB the workers employed by> these
tremendous Industrial , organizations,
wo must begin- an aggressive; cam.
pnlgn of organization among them. '
Tho working women constitute anothor great industrial group who have
been Bndly,neglected. 'Out of tho flvo
or six million .women engaged ln Industrie pnrsuitB loss 'thnn ono bun-
drod thousnnd nro organized Into
trndo unions. The capitalists 'aro
hiring women becauso they, cnn got
thorn chonpor than men.
Unless tho women nro organized,
not only will tli<ilr own wngos bo low,
but thoy will undcrmlno tho wagon
nnd working conditions of tho mon.
Thorcforo, from, solf.lntorest, If noth-'
lng oIbo, those who aro now orgnnlz-
od In trado unions Bhould mako evory
effmi to orgnnliso tho working womon,
It Is only n question of tlmo bofoifi
Mic womon will'linvo tlio bnllot In
ovory Btnto In tlio Union. . Tliey Alrondy" vote In six states. Tlioreforo,
It Is nocussnry that, thoy Bhould bo organized politically' to stand sldo by
sldo with tholr brothers In tlio Btrug.
glo for political and economic freedom.
The labor movement of America can
no longer tnko a purely defensive
position, We must begin'an nggros-
fllvo bnlllo from count lo const to or-
gnnlzd ovory group of workers, both,
ifu.t.iui.iy . mi<i   economically,    our
lllll-i IIM._jW.-j l,l (;„'„ «,U«BKJo |UUHl J,,,
cduchtlon.—Chicago World.'
-j Slome strange .and*Jw'eIrd,Ncre'atureii-
Millied forth5"' into (the^political arena-
3uring "the farnous^.election upon the
Lloyd George. Budget. -■ _r.ukesv._nd
niarquises, -vnd.,viscbunts.and:earli., .of
'whom- the .average-voter, had'\never
heard, made their appearance'for tlie
first time ,upon'the political "platform,
arid, expounded very original idea^ on
the~ subject of taxation.' .-They- had
been,happily described.byjMr. Lloyd
"George 'as "tlie* "backwoodsmen.'—the
obscure kind of peers who never 'turned up to attended their:.Parl.iamentary
dutiessave to thrpw.out Liberal"meas-
,ure,s—and the^ views .they set fortlr
on. national finance were4 as prlmttivo
as,-that description'would* suggest.
They afforded; amusement' to, the
voters'because,' under.,the process of
being heckled by working men on;a
subject of which they knew nothing,
Bthey lost their tempers'1 and used the
language of the stable arid "the'hunting field.' ' Just at'present It looks ai?
though the'field of, domestic politics
,ls« about to be disturbed onc'e< more
'by the.advent of the "backwoodsman"
peer. - Attention is, now being paid
by politicians and others to th'e\condi.
tion 'of- tlie agricultural -laboreiyto
the low wages' he receives, to "the
miserable c^'ditions urider which .'he
is housed, to the state'of servitude in'
whiclu he. is-kept .throughout runt;
England.- As a, rosult theiaridlords as
a class. are" becoming <-alarmed, and
the least indolent-of them are at'pre-'
sent-writing letter? to the newspapers
in".'which .they prate about .their' anxiety'for the_ welfare of the. agricultural laborer. '7 Perhaps the rriost original, contribution to the discussion
has.eriianated,from'the rather diminutive but self.iiriportant person- known
as the Duke ^of" Marlborough. : What
position he-would have'filled Jn,life,
hail he, riot been born the heir to the
ChurchilL-nan.^ and .estates it ,is difficult to determine. But the.little
man,' fakes himeslf" very seriously as
a politician, and the policy he advocates for tlie regerieratiori.'of Hodge is,
the .most delicious stroke of unconscious k,humor",thatjthe newspaper press
has contained/for many a. long'? day. -
"".!. Our Biggest Industry ..' .'
. • To; appreciate the true, inwardness
of the Duke's reiriedy, the reader must
bear, in mind tbe present ?plight of the
agricultural laborer -and the "causes
that, have produced it. -Intheiexterit
of the numbers it employs, agriculture
is still, the . biggest and - greatest • in.
?dustry^n~th^lWdryBFr^r__\^h?
standing Jts supremacy Jn "this -re.-
spect," it-is still, so far as'the condi-'
tlon of. the worker is.,concerned, the
most backward of all our national industries.1 It is the one great trade
iri-which the workers, are not organlz-"
ed.% ,It has been looked", upon by, the
great land owners, not as rin .Institution which must be conducted on business', principles, but as "a, mere appen.
dage tb the great estates,-'simply Incidental to the'caste system. With'
wages' nmounting only';to"a few shillings ft' week,' driven "by. "sheer necessity to dwell In badly built, cottages,
the agricultural laborer, HveB his life'
and rears' hla family under conditions
which would.be Intolerable; biit"for
God's pure air and.tiie' whoIeBomeness
of his surroundings; _ The landlord
doriiinate's the countryside;',the farm
to 'him. -{At the 'bottom-1 pf[ the%Jcaste y
system'.-lies^ the'^a^cnlturai'tlaborer/'- ,
wbo^dare'hardly.caii. iis^onj^'ls' owir '
in the ^presence:*ipf-?the' v-Jsquire.'i:- SltiXj ,?-
dusfrlalisiri, witfi? the? enormous" changjf-'"VJ»-
,es U involves",;has swerft'along?every, / -'_i;
.other; channel "of ?the nation's life;\ the •' ;.4 '"
countryside afone^is ,Vh"^la"st-.refuge;ot' 77'.
feudalism? ',j^J.^-\"~%i'-W/-••:,-"" ><.",-> -V ^"";
'' • 7 --'. A' Great?TradItlbri,?';"__u   -•-,>, ' 7..'
yri(f ribw.the bukeVof'Mailborough ■■ -'
comes forward' sofeihniy}'.with. the proposal /.that -the/greatylaVd'^ownerV';')
should "be employedVandVpaid, *y the"
State ,.to .act -'as .'district governors' 'of;.
the rural' counties!:'- Vlri: cither'■words;-^ J
that the State?should,"make' huge sub-
-sidies-.to the-great" land pwjaers^'_ibs.
that the7 money might'-be-spent by.the
latter in- improving the ecorioriiic conditions, of r the agricultural- laborer;-'""'
-The Duke of 'Marlborough's expert-'"
^nco is,!that;a great.land, owner carn'?'.
provide-small holdings for." the laborer
on lower terms than^a-county'council-1.
because of'the ocst of thVlntler'a of-"
ficial working".   -He'himself was,en'.,'
gaged in doing this,worjc„tillvLU>yd"
George's Form' IV., .so- to speak, upset ~
the apple' cart.* > He says all that-'is' ■
wanted "now is that-; the country districts should be governed by the great
land owners by'means of money taken
out of-the nation's coffers? -Is not
this, to say the leastVof it, a rathei;.
eccentric <■ solution of'the-whole land
problem?    The * Duke's 'remedy' rests '
on the assumption.that'the, land owner is still a'single-minded 'patriot who"
devotps.his'-wholelife'to-.the welfare '•
of his'tenants."  -This,touching picture
of him has,-unfortunately, rio'cor'res-   ■'
pondence to "the actual facts. 'iThe. ■
average-.landlord; does not oven trouble to,collect his'rents—he leaves that,-.'
to his agent'.. / Every estate has its
agent, because - 'the    landlord' lacks'  '
either, the capacity-or the "leisure,'to,
.look after his own property.   -These  *
being the focts,- it"follows that the.;.
Duke of Marlborough's" scheme    of   *
State subsidies is^designed'onlyto'fill
the-somewhat attenuated exchequer
of'our. great land owners.    Whatever"
may,be the.obvlous shortcomings,of,'
the ducal scheme, it possesses-at least    ;
one merit.     It shares; to the full the' "''
chief characteristics  oif .all' schemes?-
and policies-ever" advocated by the
landed "aristocracy,  ""its adheres-'in '
ev'eryway;tp,the;grea't tradition of ;'•
tbeir , class? •■-" And  ' that,   tradition,   '
the\centuries,'.has always bee> the    i
same-r-tb^ wave ' the. Union ^Jack-: with "">
one hand;and.~to-pu't,|_ie\other Jianil;
into" the public purjae.^-rGracchus,'' in    -
Reynolds'rt^t ^y^^-rryyy ' - -" v' -' .
r y
r"    P'
7S i
\-,i
MAD WORLD COMING."y . ; .   ".'     'S
SAYS DOCTOR.
Lunacy Increasing Wltli.Clyillzation—
More Mad Tharri'.Sane In Three   '?'
\,'      ,;     Hundred Years'"7:. , '""   I.
■N LONDON, Aug. 12.TThe vision of a -
mad world .and an era of lunacy.was-'
prophesied by^Dr. Forbes ^VlnsIow yesterday while' expressing.-^bis 'dissent'
from the statement.made at'the Eu-;-
genlcs congress iby Dr. Mott that, in'-,
crease in  lunacy is more, apparent
than real.    Dr.Wlnslow Bald: -
.,: "There will .be more lunatlcs'^n the
world than   sane -peoplo' 300,' years
hence:' -This- prophecy la based on
the present rate of gild wth" of lunacy-
revealed by. recent returns.,  We  are
rapidly approaching a mad world." In
every part of the world"civilization- Is.
advancing and so insanity Is bound to *
or stands In awe of him; the pnrsonl ndvnnce.    Tliere'were 36,76? lunatics
plays the role of a spiritual. flunkey in 189fi; there aro now 135,00,"' -
Hardware and Furniture
" We havo tho largest and most up.to-dato    ,
Hardware and Furniture Stock
I in tlio~Pa.ss. „ Evoiything in
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelw&re
Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.     Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co,, Limited
Phone 7     FRANK, Alta.    RO.Box90
HOSMER
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
Limited
WAQC8 AND PRICE
_u -._.«; iiitiirti.it tf\ix\u oi iho tdrt con-
trovoray botweon cnpltnl and labor,
tho cost of living Is tho main fnctor In
tho argument. It U Ronorntly takon
for ffrnntcd thnt wnges have not fn-
creased In equal step with tlio prices
of food, It mny bf fru* that this lo
tho caao In n limited extent, but ni
tho London Ttm^ flhowed rCiCcutly,
"Uio Index number for prices of food
baa risen since 10(W from 100 to it.6,
whllo wngoa have risen from 100 to
100.3 only, nui In mi food prrCfl|,
Blood 130 and wasct at B_, The farther hark we travel fh/» .*nv»tor [g (fuj
dlacrepancy/'-^alKary Standard.
Let us know your wants,
All Orders Receive Our  Careful
i!    Attention.
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workwoman's trade
G. A. CLAIR ,v Proprietor I' :^v~i,l f(A,-H:^-;i ■ .-^ .^^^^^S^^^^^rr^^^^!^^^^^^m^mmmmmV&m9mWmmmmmW
|.Y?>i,J- ?' 'Sry"?-??'. * i -'■""' ■''/•i-'f>^«V:\ipiJ%?ry:'-" y'y-" ^7.? y^y'y ??*!;'>£
I y-^-i-^y•:"■-"' y?    vyx?: yhv-^\y?-<>-y? -'-y"~    ■"'■■■"*--V
' S{y:7yyy$$yyy'
■ y   /,---.-.>
W~'> ':'('■
yyyy .iy- }?yyy\-!yyy\:,y .-.<■ -
- c t.1
? fTHB DISTJ^CT.-ySPGEa, PERNIE*, Bv C.t Au(&ST,17,1912.u.
'.,.       /
».-'v^ '-n.^-*-.
',..i\-
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of-
P092SCtS.)
DSUfflMEHtS
-UUITBB--: Jl7 Mlnnw_'c
»Toc.cfli___vR_s4c§i   rauiaru s
Liniment
...Yotfre always welcome here
Clean Jtooms,■ Best of
Food aiid every ■ 1
attention";      '
THOS. DUNCAN . Passburg?
?--?^™ ■_______."" -,■■."■>'<__*" "- -J-   "
1-,' . -1 _. -..
•(.. ,-y c\*-.y -.,,,    ~ ",-.■'>-•■>      ',".
r"Ju8t received,? ». shipment   of;
;'..Edl80N   PHONOGRAPHS?-and .
VVviCTbR-'GRAMAPHONES.^,
Hundreds 'of latest Records.'/
;   Violins,-  Guitars,    Accordebnt,,
ivSheet Music, etc., etc.  .„    '?  -;.'
MACHINES  .SOLD   ON„EA8Y-
' :      '-   PAYMENT .PLAN.   ° -.'< 7
^KENNimrs
S     J   '     4   <t ■ Af
,   DRUG AND BOOK 8TORE,
S       New ;Michel . .'-
- '", ?:the rexall store." .
L.E. McDonald
•,-~,\ -
M
_<r.
P.
"Wholesale Liquor7 Dealer ,
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
'.!>.'   * Gents' Furnishings-; _ ..."
,'sBAKER; AVENUE
BRANCH , AX'HOSMER, • b!c.
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!
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ilLfi
■ I   .
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FRESH? MTLKy
-     ,, delivered   to. _- all '
,.   .parts of the-town
_  "■ i •.  :-X • '■ •
,8ander« & Verhaest Brothers.!
f 7    . •   "",.'.•'
k ■ Proprietors   ,.
Bre.^ a
i   ■ .   ;i
rn
HOTEL
-    , BELLEVUE, Alberfa •..'
convenience
and
attention
Meals that tasto like
motlior used to cook'
Best in the Pass
1   William Evam. Proprietor
. ? HOR8E8HOEING.     ?
,   GENERAL   BLACK8MITHING .
, y and _"'
CARRIAGE  BUILDING    ",
Express and Delivery Wagon* a.
Speciality        .'   ,?.,!,.
-ArttAAAAA-kA-i
•_
•t
tcAAAAIi
s
INtiEIt
3E-W'I,:N'O
MACHINE   CO
,-«■
• <•
.- <
• (,■
■ «.
'•t
• t
.'■«      '    '     •'■'.   " "■• '-1'-.    •^■.1 :•■
:.. - iiiiiiw
•. '  '       t.    r
! W M. ;" BARTON i,
1 ■ , ,    -.-•'-.    "- > •
. ( - . *        , ■•      ,,
,(   Agent   Fernie   Branch    _,.
■?- .--.^y y   •■   ;     »    .i.
■ r Pellatt    Ave.    North.J?
■t        .,.     .-.■■;•...-. . ,.
'*    '■•'-•       --5" '  '      „ 'J.
»»»¥»»»»¥V¥¥VVVV¥¥VVy¥¥¥V¥
el.""
BEttEVUE
"Hair Dressing
-'■':, Pooi;  -^":;'
■'.;■ Billiards   "' :,
■7     ---> •     n..        i      '"       .       -i.    i
Cigars    '
\l Tobaccos;.
Bowling Alley
Drop In
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
„ Wholcsalo Dealers in
Wiiies
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive  •
, prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
MV
20
-181'
4?1 '
om
2827
1387
sa:ia
rxjn/r
1120
2178
MH
1203
2107.
1058
57.
I1R0
M2M
t_2D
U3I
1353
.f.fiCt
19.10
102
NAME 8EC. nnd P, O, ADDRE88 >    s
nnnhhend F. Whentloy, nnnlclioarf, Alln,
Donver Crook  I), Komj), |;Ilenver Crook, vln Plncher,
.vummw" t vw\k, r.zv.cv-A.ri;..:,., ai:...
ninlrmoco'.  W. T., Fivrini., T.Ulo, Attn,
HurmlB..,  .1. Mnfidnll, PniiutiurK, Attn,
Carbondalo....■..,. J. Mltetioll,,Carbondalo. Colomnn. Alta.
Cnnmoro I' N. D. Time link, Canmoro, Altn, '
Coleman  W. arnlmm, Colonmn, Attn.
C)y);]r.       yY, TlzWrr. ^ C,;:-!;.'::   ll.n.
Chinook Mines .:,. I', Kelly, Diamond City, Alta.
Diamond City;".... Albort Znk, Diamond City, Lothbridgo.
Fornlo  Thos. Uphill, Fernio, H. O,
Frank  Job. .Kennedy. Frank, Alta.
.Iloxmer  W. Bnldoratone, Iiosmor, 11. C,
lllllcreat    Goorffo  namboroimh, Illllcreat, Altn.
Lothbrldfio  L. Moore,   004, Sixteenth St., North lethbridge.
LPthbrldj.0 Collterlea Frank UnrlnRham. eee., \ln„ klpp, Alta.
Wile W. I* Pvana, Ulle, Frank, AHa
Maple Loaf.....,, J. Mngdalt, Pattburff, Atta,
SIIrhel  M. n«rrell, MkheJ, D. C,     ,. „
Pflssburg..,   J, Magdnll, Patebnrg, Alta.  '
Hoyal View ....... Thoa. I_. FI «Ur. lloyal Colllerlea. Lethbridge. Alt'
Taber.....  A, pattorao n. Tabor,, Alta.
Tribef Jaa. Wll «on, Taber, Alta,
/■
P6\Mi
\yALKA'KLAS,\IAKO ^f'S^Sy^"-
'; ' rNARZEDZIE?.80CYALIZU|M,
r Olbrzymie .zna'czenle .,walkl':,?kdaso-,
wej dla postepu spolecznegb? plerw'szy
wykazal" Saint. Simon—chociaz i \dzis
jeszcze mo7.__a sie" spotkac ' z ; ludzm;-
zamykajacymi-oczV^iia te "rz^czywis-
tosc, 'pomlmo, 'izl, .talcoTVa- na;kazdym
kroku1 mozna sie' z jej ?"przyczynaml
spotkac, a^miariowicie:'.   .,-;.•'    S-
Robotnicy zycza- sobie- dobrego zar
robku I'skrocenla dnia robocze go';—
pracodawcy przeclwnie, dazado' obni-
zenla'" placy, przy mo zllwle^najdluzs-
zych' godzlnach pracy. y 7\-7-;" ,'
Robotnocy siusznie'wymagaja obs?
zernych, widnycli1.bezplecznych i zdro-
wych na prace;—pracodawcy uchylaja,
sie od tego ponlewaz to.kosztiije pie-,
nladze.   -     - - , .•       ,,/-'",--
armie  bezerobotnych "pod  reka, "aby
modz.tych, co pracuja dowolnle wyda- Paris  port' de'mer, de' canallser' le
1n/«       i       7Qm.an.nn ma   .  nnM.tn.n_.h>.i.       __.« T>V_ama      St-      1*.      T  Al.._. Jl it •
lac I zamieniac,, ze • zmnle.szana za
Plata.-' 'y "-'"';! y -y • •. -,-
' Robotnicy chcleliby'swolm dzieclom
dac -wychowanie fizycz ne i umyslo'we.
pracoda(wcy takomle zableraja dzieci
do fabryk, jako tania slle robocza. [
RoUotnicy wymagaja prawodawstwa, echange: part'but<tle   capltalisme _nit
ktoreby^ochranialo Jch, bsoby L Inter-
esyrpracodawcy storaja sie przedew's-
zystklem ochro nie swo] dpchod.  7',,
-' Robotnicy tworza swoje organizacye
aby sie wyzwollc'z nedzy i poniewler-
kl; kapitalisci jeszpze plerwlej Mepiej
sie "zorganlzowall, celem" utrzymania
Yirnle woll" hajiiitow. ■ ~ ' -
.' Oto sa ocz'y wlste i dbstateczne po wo1
dy do -walkl zajadlej, .pomle dzy"dwo-
ma klasami; majacemi" w'prost prze-
clwny I^'teres. ',-_■■
-'' Ludzie, nalezacy, do klasy pbslada-
jacej sa mniej licziil I madrzejsC.wlec
nlc dzlwnego, iz sie wczesnlej ileplej
zorganizowall—I ■ dotychezas zwycleza-
ja robot nlkbw.    r,;        ," ?  •'-    ~\7'
"Najmlci, choc liczni, bywaja ciemn^
1-skolowaclell-przez'kbsciol, wie'e sie
epoznlll' 'w-„1uswiadomleniu klasowem,
wlec clerpia poniewerke.   ,' -
Kapitalisci uzywaja wladzy.. prawo-
dawczej i wykonawczej na awo'ja wy-
la'czria "korzyscj^zmusza ja "sady'^do
wydawania wyrokow.I nakazow prze:
ciw organlzacybm^ robotniczym;^wy-
sylaja; policye. "milicye^ I wojsko do
zgnlecenla-strajkow.i A wszyscono tb
S3-    W      TnDTnnBpi,   rnhilf-... rinn^TITo;      r.n.
botiilcy,-oddaja: Im'-glbsy-po'dcisas "wy-
borow.' ■'•:'.     '   ' '   '        '. "■■   -*'
1 ' f* s \ ,    -) * '
Partye kapltallstyczne i konserw'at-
■ywne ^naja-.wylacznte r swoje wlasne
korzysci na celu, ktore, sa w zupelnem-
przectwlenatwle, z^ihteresaml.robotnlkow,—a pomlmo to,'wlekszosc robotnlkow poplora te partye, a "nie Ufa so-
cyalistoni,. wbrew swblm beaposred
nlm interesom.' '',"•.."     ,  ,   '
Stawlaja.na czele-rzadow wrogow
klasy robbthlczej, a potem sie dzlwuja,
iz nlmi poralataja i,.- ze lm sie zle
dzleje.'        -      - ' •    .'   '    ( „
Robotnicy powinhl- pojac/ iz partye
polltyczne, dzlalajace y Interesle, bank-
iorow, fabryknntpw, pos'ladaczy nleru-
chpmbscl; bogatych kupcow 1 Icti ples-
kow (duchowlenstwa fadwokatow) nie
maja Innego ,colu, jak tylko utrzymy*
was klaso pracujaca, nlowoll',
TOc przeolo robotnicy, dazacy do wy-
zwolonla, powlnnl zdobyo ste na swoich wlastiycli kongres manow, swoich
sedzlow, swoich urzednikow, a wtcdy
bodn mogl.l wy'magnc, aby pltnowalt ro-
botnlceych Interoaow.
" Proletaryuszo przodowBzyBtklom powlnnl zvozumlec awoje ' stanowlsko I
znnczenlo walkl klasowoj.
French
CAPITALI8ME ET
SOCIALISME
Quand on jotto bob regards sur' lo
mondo dans bob cinq parties contlncn-
Inleu et quand on ponsc mix conditions
oconomlqiieB, politique.! ot soclales qui
dovront s'otubllr purtoiit nvnnt quo lo
soclnllBinb connuoro In vie untvorsollo,
on ent obllgo do coiiHtntor quo t'oouvro
cnpltnllBto est encore coIobboIo a ac-
complli
procedor lo roglmo cnpltnllato pulaqir
est lo mondo nbuvonii qui dolt Bortlr
dos flnncs do lo societe bourgeolHO en
mnl d'onfantomont. 11 no s'llliiBlonno
li»B but la portoo do 1'ovoliitlon qui
dolt a'accompllr aur notre Rlobn.
C'cbt co qui fait qu'on no aauralt hi
dcslnteresscr do tout co qui ofit tento
pour otnbllr log voles do comnmnola-
ilon les.phiB dlroctoH ot Iob plua rapid-
en outre Icb mitloiia el entre loa con-
tlnontB, pour ronlluer pur Ioh dernlorB
porfoctlonnomontB ot Iob dcmler»j)ro-
j,tca ka .million tin CuliUIUujm u» (a
j-nu.\:cl5[,n jutuJcj-jjo,
Do R.andB travaux lntrrnatlonniix
ont etc. refillsca: tt-s Alpo* Bont tn-
■verawB pnr den tnnnrla et nvnnt lon.r-
tompii (.IIcb Bovont ulllonriopfl pnr deR
..i     .      i   . ...
mettront aux voyagciirs d'nttctndro
hiuis douleur h^boh plus hauls ftoin-
mct«.
Den vllles flettantea traveriipnt tout-
eg rton mora.
r Pnrtout, «nr la trrr*» forme. Iph voIpb
reriwn trnnaportent aur de* dUtfinc™
rnormr-« de« voyaffwux. i\ph mFin-linn-
dlaca <•( <.f* cnpltanx do tous lm pay*
portant pnrtout la elvlllitatlon hour-
geolJM..
A la ^lephonk n'a.oute ta tdegm-
phle *an« fll: a la navlratlon tnarliimr*
a'ajouto la navleatlon oerlrnno.
An tonal de Suez qul'met plus dlr-
ectement l'Europe7en communicatibri'
avec l'Etreme Orient, vlendra's'ajouter
dans quelques "mols le canal de'Panama
qui, pour ne pa's avoir avaiit de longues
.annees la meme importance mpndlale
que' le canal"de .Suez',,n'en, aura pas
moins le "meritc de rapprocheri'co'm-
mercialement des 'Etats.deVl'Est de
oeux de- l'Ouest,' db"faire ."tbiriber "une
barriere qui separait les peuplbs." -'
/ Sous-l'impulslon du Japan "c'est la
Chinequi s'ouvrea la civilisation mod-
erne; ses antiques m'urailles". ne sont
plus que les ruines historiques bt toutes ses portes,, depuis la chute de la
dynastie des Mandchoux ot l'estabiis-
sement de la Republlque, sont buvertes
au progres. - La Russi©,_ avait deja-
cree le- chemin de ler transiberign;
d'autres lignes ferrees furent construl?
tesdans les region's du Caucase et de
la mer Casplennepl'Asle "est appelee
a avoir blen tot toutes" ses vastes regions slllonnees .par les grands moy-
ens de transport comme le sont l'Eti-
rope et l'Amerlque?-. .   |     _,
L'Afrique va.-sublr le meme sort:'11
est question de construlre'un chemin
de fer qui traversefait l'lmmense con
Robotnicy .wymagaja odszko ? dbv.'a-
nia za utr'ate zdrbwia, ,liib kaleeiwo
riabyte przy pracy;- pra codawcy od-  _. .„, ,_.  .—«*,-»« ,»,»..-
mawiaja temu slusznemu zadanlu, bo tlnent.noir du Maroc ou de l'Algerle
dla nich zysk gra waznlejsza.role. nlz jusqu'au Cap. ^_.
zycle obcych ludzl.-."   .-\ L'lde© d'un canal sous-mar!n qui re-
" Robotnicy chcleliby wszyscy   miee llerait l'Angleterre au continent euro-
stale vzajecle; pracodawcy. lubla mlec pee'n a reprls corps
Sono gia.-stati operati numerosl[ ar?
rekti.     -'■ * ' -     '"-'i.--";;    -x^-"-'
E'; stata recentemente'' aperta ?nei
conforni di^Coai .City, B.C., una imova
miniera chiamata;"En'terprlse)" dalla
quale' si estraggono'gibrnalmente circa
cento tonnellate' dl carbone.. - y     i'
*"   -   ''•  -?'   "* - **■■ *■-,'?•?',        1
Quattrocento sartine dl una ditta dl
Brooklyn, N. Y., Psl sono" inesse    in
sciopero. in' segno dl protesta ji er, Jo
spudorato ed osceno linguagglo usato
contro "dl esse dal direttorb di quello
siabillmento e dai'suoi subaltern!. ' '
. •'".**'*
v Il?mlnatore'-L.' E. Grant e rlmasto
ucclso, Inseguito alia caduta dl un en-
orme1 masso? nella
Stauton, ills. _
miniera No. 2 di
En France, 11 .est question de creer
Rhone, bt, la Loire, d'agrandissement Vaglia vengono dati dalla Fernie sue
et d'approfondlssement deB,ports
L'electricite 7 continue partout avec
siicces «t 'rapidite sa revolution et par-
tout le machinisrae" transforme les
ieux modes   de" production   et   d'
■son oeuvre.-
Et son'oeuvre sera epmpletej quand
partout s'eieveront les grande's usin<?s,
!es bacques, les grands magasins,- Ips
gai.des explottatlois agricoles, les
transports modernes de toutes sortes;
quaifd, tous-les vleux regimes bsclava-
gistes.bt feodaux et les formes patri-
arcales de petite propriete et de petite
production et d'echange seront detriiits
par la poussee formidable et irresls-.
tlble du- iirogres capltalistb. .   ,
Les hobereaux-les boyards? les lords
les radjahs, tous. ces nobles terrlens
de' tous les'pays qui vlvalent en' de-
pouillant^ leurs serfs ou esclaves qui
reduisaient la situation de leurs sujets
a celle des.plus parias parmi les parl-
as, sont actuellement menaces par des
xepropriatlons d'une nouvelle classe,
par les capitalistes qui vont chez eux
porter la revolutlbh, le fer rouge de
1'exploltatlon du capital.- - Leurs es-"
claves se' soumettent a de- nouveaux
niaitres: , deux classes nouveiles se
formerit'dans^rbrdre' sociale nouveaii,
'bourgeois etprbletaires.,
Les "confllts socialax' qui; _ fatalemerit,
pplfl lfinf^LTl<_k—<innf_nbla_lilc_mamac]J	
C'est a'present les greves,' les em-
eutes contre les bas salaires; ce sont
les1 luttes entre.patrons et ouvriers.
'Les explpltbs de'toutes races, de
toutes couleurs, -ne - sont guere plus
heureux, avec leurs nouveaux,inaltrbs.
Les bargnes Industriels, -.avec tout
leur cortege,de surmenage intense, de
maiivaises conditions' d'hyglene, de
nourriture, de .travail, les logements
malsains et les epldemies qui en sont
los consequences, la tuberculose et. 1'-
alcoollsme, vlennent preclpiter la.de-
generescencb des races, des classos
ouvrleres.      ' *      •'"'.,
On peut done etro assure que de plus
en plus, grace au progres du machln-
Ismo et.des moyenB de production et
do transport, ces ' classes ouvrleres
ayant les memos besolns et ayant, par
consequent, les nibmoa rovendlcatlohs
politlqucs et soclales a falre vnlbir,
s'entendrontentroellos ot flnlrorri par
vo'ulolr toutes ensemble falre io meme
effort de revolution eoolalo pour pro-
coder, n impropriation 'de la classo
capltallBto ot a la' socialisation des
grands moyenB de production et d'echange,   • ' •
En somme, lo capltallsmo slmpllfle
ln tncho d'omanclpatlon humalne; Bon
oeuvre do transformation sociale etait
Indispensable et l'hoiire fntnlo vlondra
ou 11 faudra'bten qu'a l'ordro bour-
gcola se subBtltue l'ordro Boclnllato.
Lo SoclallBino eat d'ordro loglquo:
11 cat dnns l'ordro d«B choses. •
The earth is growing smaller every
day—for the poor.    -     ,
, • Every day- it, grows' bigger—for the
rich? '     • "
-, Every day the capitalist class, sitting" serenely, stolidly, uncomprehend-
ingly, in the seats of power, seeks, to
further curtail the rights of the poor
and che dispossessed. -,  -
From "New York comes a bitter example—a. heart breaking story. To
the capitalist press it was merely,, a
talr "sob-story." To the men and
women of the.aroused' working class
it told over again' in terms of human
life the'old, old story, of the classes.
? -A • poor;;'woman—a foreigner,' nf
course—had a sick baby. Tne doctor
haa..l->.(i her. that the baby would die
unless it-had fresh air. Air, supposed
to be free to .the least of earth's creatures—air was the need "of'this'babe,
xhe father earned $8 a -week for
eleven-hours;'a.- day 'of' work. 'He
CQUldnlt-b u Y-__the ?nri vllege_tn_l i ve. J n _■..
Italian
CRONACHETTA OPERAIA
In   cniiHa   doll'ImprovvlHO   Br.i8cln-
mento dl un griindo pnlazzo In cnatru-
ylonn n Nuronilmrg, Ilnviirln, vjiierd!
};?!!L."} 8nl\,<,H07li1ilB;noin0Bnu|,ftlit|B(!or8o 10 operal roHlnrono ucclal o liT.
  "" '"   ' '     '" nltrl Bravomcnlo forltl,
La Fernie succursale - della The
Canadian Bank of Commerce e pronta
ad emettere special! Vaglla del Banco
di Napoll I quail sono garantlti dal go-
vsrno'itallano e vengono pagati a qua-
Islasl ufflclo postale o alle prlncipall
banche d'ltalia.
I Vaglia sono emessl dletrb,.rlchiesta
senza rltardo e costituiscono il mezzo
piu slciiro per spedlre il' danaro in Italia" polche vengono adoperati larga-
mente per - questo scopo dagll' eml:
grant! itallanl in tutto il mondo. Par-
tlcolari piu dettagliatl circa I suddetti
cursa'le della The,Canadian Bank of
Commerce o daqualslasl conslle Italiano.    . '-   ' ''_.- -'   •     - l
THE SIZE OF-THE EARTH
By Chester M. Wright'
1_' Hcopplnto n Mnrquotte, Midi,, mil
Ingo "Suporior" lo scldporo dol fnt--
clilnl ed 11 trnfflro c complotnmoiito
pnrnllnzntn, ron linmoiiBl dannl pur !o
IndiiBtrl e pel conimerclo,
♦      4      •
Contliiiia lo Hcloporo del mlnntorl del
nintrolln ftiMlentrlonnlo del Wyemlii},',
mu flembrn pero che o&iio volr.ii nlln
fine perche I padroni hanno mnnlfesla-
11\  r*r,illrv*rf-l{ nr\,iri\l\nl |.»|
»     »      ■
fill organlx/atorl dotln ITnltod Mlno
Worlioru (loclHf-ro In quoBtl Rlornl a
fermaro lfi nuovo lornll nrlln PflimByl-
vunln. Indlnni), e UVat Vlrglnln,
.»   •   •
I.'nltrn Rlornn sl sono meant In sciopero 10 lavoratori mntalltirglcl nelle
fondnrle dl IIohIoii, .Mngn,, o dintornl
percho fell Induittrinll hI aono rlfhitatl
dl mutterc lu vIkoio la nuovu tnrlffu dl
unlnrlo dl un minima dl tro dollar! nl
giorno. per una tslornuta dl nove aie
dl lavoro.
*   *   *
Contlnua n Port Arthur, Cannda, lo
idojMre d(-l (u<OiUi\ di quel porto. In
Milan d"l Kravl dlsordlni gta icoppiail
c nei .|iiali ni «>blK.ro a rieplorar* al-
cunt mortl e numeroil ferltl. fu Invla.
to un buon nerbo dl noldatl ml Iuoro.
place where fresh .air circulated
;Alr, for hlm_ and "for his wife and
their babe could be had'only for-the
money whlcli'they did- not have. Monopoly had reached out and taken
away the fresh' "air from this ' little
family." Capitalism had mottled ,lt
away from them.- For Wm fresh air
was metered".and stored and priced
above their power to buy,
-But' the poor little mother had a
happy thought. The people had bought'
a tract of land and set lt apart as a
park.. They called,It Central Park.
There'she would find air, So she
took her feeble child to the open space
that the "people'hnd bought—to the
fresh air that the public owned.
But Now York is governed by a
capitalist cIiibb government nni tho
poor woman hadn't thought of that.
So, following the" call of naturo, alio
took tho little one,,, to un open space
where the grass was green nnd whore
tho honvens woro blue overhead nnd
whero thb air was frsh. "
Sho hadn't seen the "Keep off lho
graBs'slgiiB. ■ Sho didn't know that n
capitalist commissioner had especially ordered that no ono Invade thnt
particular spot—oven to get fresh nlr.
And n 'capitalist policeman rushed
up and arrested the llttlo womon and
sho was tnkon to a police station In n
patrol wagon and taken' before a eapl,
tnllstic Judge becaiiBo she hnd committed tlie crime of trying to got frofih
nlr to anvo her bnby'H life!
And tho Judgo flnod the womnn $1.
Ifo wan nevore; HiIr woman must ho
tnuglit n Iobhoii; she miiBt learn her
plnco;   Bhc must pay' that flno.
Tho womnn wiib at hor wlt'fl end.
Alio hadn't tho ilollar—out of a. weekly Income of $8. vSlio told the juduo
ho—mul thon n probation officer pleaded with the Judge for the prisoner.
"Reluctantly tlio Judgo remitted tho
fine," the iiqwb despatches Hold, Tt
might hnvo rond, "Itpliirtiinlly lio permitted tho child to live," for tlio pro-
butlqn ofricer told thn judgo that thc
uHKUBDinont of that.flno would mem
tlio death of tho child-—ho Blender wiih
tlio in a n< I n bciwoim lift) nud M=at)i In
Hint llttlo family which U ho tritgU ally
typical of IhmiBiuidH of other). In (IiIh
hi ond land whoro nrre» hi retch iinor-
.-uiileil nml or guutlo hrfc.muiul \\\w\u
nil of thn Iw'Ht of uartira'pniduilH nro
to be found In overflowing abundance,
11*111  111   AlllUHUl      VtU     IMW:  fl\ll)-
■iky The- hmiI Hint;; <,! ».r_. .:<
\ii-!c. Hut Iii pnsaeHHlon i/wy are nt
i)!.> rnda of tbrt enrlh.
Tlm earth Is nrowlng nnmller fer
poor and tho good thliiRH/et-fdp furlh.
-    ,      ...      J    .... ...g,      1       ,lu.    V,        ..       4(>|,       ,   ,,,
And the rich »lt ttnitigly nnd mi-
plor.-Mly confldonl .tliat It will nlwnyH tin *o, wondering why lliere is
thnt .'oiuitniit murmur from,] below,
 ___i __._,_
llo»li.Mi (ot the coiir-liislen of :i Ku(-
urdnv-nlvtit Kiimi< nf brldeei- "Oli.iluir,
Cnlonel! I hope you don't n>lrnl; ltV
ten mtnutcR pa»t 12 o'clock; piind-tv
moniing. In fact!"
Colonel ta.atrlet Sabbatarian!: "Ilo,
reiily? De.tr. dear! 8MII, a* a rn-i'-
ter of fact. I wai dummy diirim: the
last ten, mtnuea,"—Punch.
"'. yy ;..v- "&■
cxmzydm
l-- a ■ t"
f'    V. ■
y
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business arid Residential property
Ft   .
X' ■
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
SIR EDMUND WALKER, CV.6, LL.D., D.C.L., Prettdeot
ALEXANDER LAIRD * «<    JOHN AIRD "     .
General Manager - " ,, AssiaUat General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
TOURISTS and TRAVELLERS
The Canadian Bank of Commerce, by reason of to large number of branches in     -,
every Province of Canada, with direct representation in London, Engn New York,
San Francisco, Seattle, Portland, Ore., Merico and St John's Nfid., with Agents and
Correspondents in every part of the world, is able to offer unsurpassed facilities to the     •   " '
travelling: public, enabling them to obtain money in the simplest way at any point on "■
their journey the world over.   The Travellers' Cheques and Letters of Credit issued
by this Bank overcome the annoying difficulties of obtaining funds abroad, especially
in places where identification is difficult,    y ■
Cheques and Drafts on all the countries of the world, drawn in sterling, franca,  ,.
marks, lire, kronen, etc; can be cashed or purchased at reasonable rates. fte     '
L.  A..S. DACK,  Manager. FERNIE   BRANCH *     y -
The Quain Electric Co., Ltd.
' «    • *      " - ;"
Electrical, Engineers
>  Electrical Supplies & Fixtures
, Motors
Generators
[& Yapum
c -'"
Systems
Electric.
Wiring,
Telephone and
Power Line
construction "7.
-.,.
.    Head Office
Cranbrook, B.C.
a'Branches...       t y '•
Fernie & Medicine Hat
Ch.c-
Quarterly Dividend Notice
lHova.i2
Bank
of
Caaaoa
Head
Office
NOTICE is hereby given thnt
a Dividend nt tho rato of
SEVEN PER CENT, por annum ,.
upon tho paid tip Cnpi'tiil Stock nt'
tho Homo Bank ol' Canada lias h;n»ii
declared for tho THREE MONTHS
n ending tho 31st August, 1012, and
tho namo will'bo payable at its lload OJTU'o_uml
BranuhoH (in nnd after Tuosday tlio 3rd September,
11)12. Tho Transfer books "will bo cloned J'roin tho,
17th to tho 31st August, 11)12, both days inclusive.
By ordor of tho Board.
JAMES MASON, ™
Gonornl IMniiugor.-
Toronto, 17fch July, 1912.
<-p i"v r> r% rrr rr> f\    Branches and connections
J. F, MACDONALD, Manager.'
throughout Canada
Fernio Branch.
SECRETS OF NOME LIFE
SutenenU made hj patients taking ibe New Method Trealneot.  They know it Cores
(__r* No N«m_» ar T .itlmonUU ui«d without wrltltn content
CONSTITUTIONAI, IU.000 IMHI.AKM.
rnllfiil No. 10174. "Tho «pott are nil
Bonn from my H-k* nnil urmu »ri-l I r,-<u
trnnij r,nw. I nm vtry «ra»«f-il to >-<»i»
ami ilinll tinv-rr tutgH thn favor your
mi.il.rlnc. lirtvp (lnnd for me. Yon <-hn
u»n my nimin In ri-rnmmcnillnir It to
nny lurT.r.r. i cm rolnx to ir«t mnr*
rlril »oon, Tli*»ildrnt you um'« ni(ir.-.
•lo." ,   ,
HAVI. TWO MONTH.. CIltED HIM.
1'ullrnl tin. 10_K,1. Alio 23, Hln_lo.
Indiiluftd In Immoral holt* A y«i»m. th:
poult In urlru- mul ilful«» at nleiu.
VnrlfiM* Voln» nn l"Uh nlil.i, |mln» In
tinnV    WMit»   •^r^l1llv      Itn   v'rUr-«-—"F
rt-i-i-ivcil your loim of rm-rn <i4t« nii.i
til  T«-ptV   t   flTfl   ^ll"l»f,1   tn  HIV   «tdt    Rfllf
tnklnK two muiiMi* trfalun.iU I v,«.tt-t
ninnliltr myi-'-lf r-iinjili-li-ly rnrnl. ur t
Imvn m-.n tin Mann ut tlmm u.niluj*
b»«k <«Ee y*ir).
TIIK H'OIIIJIHI'XMS DH'IIIIIKNT.
Tnltrnt    V,     I'.llll        >'t   1 •„•■>    r-if    »■_.!
A r^vulur l.'mli-mon I rlnri'l Itnnw ulitu
nml om trrl\rm lino, The \n.r!,l if-iini
nltoirethcr <llffrri>it \<> mo »ir.l t thank
fM for dirt (-linn rtif (<• yon, Ynn havo
l)»«u nn lionut a.ctur with ni«."
VAiiico.MK vkinh ctmr.Tt.
(W Nn, HlMtt. Hymptnmi wlien ha
utirtrJ trnntmontt—A>o SI, ulnirlo. In»
iluluvil Iii liiiiiinrul li'ttilti m-ytrr.l yi>nr$.
Vnrlmoo Vt-tni ittt IjMIi *l,lt«—|>ltiip!i>«
nn tlm tnvp, tiia. Afii-r two innntli*'
ticiiHM'tit Iiu ivrltiR an folHnv»:~-"Y«ur
wuli ntiii! Ii'lter lu lm ml nml um very
isliiil tn i»j>* lli.U I think iniJilt _u(.0,
»ly ViirtriifA Vilrm linvfl iinmrilrtely ill**
ii|)[n-iiri<il fur i|ult« n wlilli, mul It mmmii
n oiiri-. 1 work linnthr nml feel lm
tlriil. J 1in\a no ilrnlro fur Hint linlilt
wlintt-y.r nnfl If t nlny llkn thin, wli|i-u
I h.ivi. uviry ii'iimiii to l>oiU<vu 1 will,
'j'tmiiktiiK yuu for yuur Mini altnitluii,"
ftc,
OAINRD II rOVSTIH IM 0>T. .MONTH.
T'ltlnnl Vn It1»» Thin todl^ft r-i«>_>1
f,fc> ti.iil ii rlirbnli. .ami uf Jwrvmjii |)o>
IMtv »in1 W/v.i^t V,r» fit'ti'i-n nTi,1 »*",* run
iiuv,n In vliiur ami viUUly. Alur una
ir.i utli'f Ircitmrnt In- rii'"1'" ■'» '")'
li'H*:—"I nm fwllnir vi-ry m'll, I hnvo
_e»l»»'l It f 'i* t» t*i "i* mofth. *. tl>»«
I villi linvo to t'onnminlnto you." Lntrr
ti'iHiit;—"I um lit-uluiiliiit tn fi-i'l inuru
llldi n mi". I (•-'-! mv ennclUUm ti
f-Mtnn tftfr i-vfty wm-Vt " Ills |i»t r«"«
,*,** - .j, ,, -,-..,,'I... .•,* ». ,t,, % ,*«, .*
tl.u l.i«l iii,,nlU'» in iiliiulil thnt I will
linvt tn Ri-t, I Ihuurht ttt ntln tlmo I
v.milil ni'MT l»i. riirnl hut I (tut mm*
f.iWii-f« In you fnim tl|* «l»ri unil jou
lute i-urrj tne,"
CURES OUARANTCKD OR NO PAY
Wo l»«t owl rttro VAUICOSr, VtlN3, NrPVnUR DEBIMTY, .MOOD ANO
W.IN-U.YCOMM.A1NTS, KIONF.Y AND tlt.ADOF.H DM.AfitU unrl .11 t>__.m._
""cON^iItATION FRFE. DOOKS TOEE. If tinkU* lo e.U h>II. for • Ou«.tl«a
Btank lor Homo Trunin)kill.
IWLJjil!"' Mi^**ITIf~t!r AH ll-H*»i f/era C4»»J* ».uit l* »iUi-#«fil Ue_vC*B-
WrsiElJ^'^^^ 6KT.
DrsKENNEDY&KENNEDY
Cor. Michigan Av«. and Gri*wo!d St., Detroit, Mich.
!____■__ "^yy.y: .
t'^X.
,5 _,--
]    ,
ji     ',
f,^^;^*-^..-^,. :y.: y :   - ^ii-'y ;v>-
•yj-y-yy^yv/^y       yy^y yv\.- "-\yy --'■    v
r'     -'j^- '    '   ', '    V.   '
PAGE TEN
-ft  •'-
- *s< >-:- -if !«! "i- •   ~^»>!?K? ™ *• 3-1*5" '. ""-•* L"& "w -' *'■*•  v- - «*v*av,   • " "   "'i.-r-' ,;v"'"':';," i.. ",
_,.--■  *,4.Ji,v^o-l-'~~v      -f ;- ' -V '   V-mK -"■ -   ••,        , - ,V ,n<c,i -"■,  v   '     1      -     '.'»-'",. a-.    _ SV~ i      i
.   - ,.' -v. , -j-,* :*     '. "    -»J-   ',     ;■  -    - '     u -,  «r--_.<■> -i     W ;- k- ,'• - >--!-<•;■_. ---.- «.'•»- - .
•y;-- .y^yv. ■-,,    ' y --K _>   ■«. -•■.\y-;\,>..^   ' ., i:,y^\;J '.
■*v.;^,'V■,',;■" -'■' 'y~S '-7 ■'-' ^yyvyyyyy-,.'. i_j^^p-- .
, yC THB? DISTRICT LEDGEB, FERNIE,   B. C.f^TJapBT;U;i912.
Clearance Prices oh
Children's Goods
CHILDREN'S STRAW HATS
:   We. are still offering the remainder of our Children's Hats at very great" reductions.   .Inspect our
stock and be convinced.        - '    -   ,  ,'
. ~ ^ _. i '
CHILDREN'S FABRIC HATS
"AVe have a very choice offering l'in   Children's
Hats: In a variety of shapes and sizes; these .are a
line we were aole to make a bargain with the wholesale for and procured at a very low figure. '   "We
are now offering these to our customers at a very   v.
small margin; in fact, many of these hats would
retail in the regular way from '85c. to $1.50. There    '
are leather Jack Tar style and Navy Jack Tar   ■
styles, and Felts with waterproof crowns, in colors
of red, fawn, blue and grey 'Kiddies', Rep"Hats
trimmed with cord nnd tassel in colors    of   red,
navy, brown, tan, etc.   These are all to go bn sale
at the low figure of 50c. each.' "- "- '>
CHILDREN'S GINGHAM DRESSES AT
REDUCED PRICES      '.«■
. .Special reductions for pay day on kiddies' Washing Dresses. These are all now goods and they
are priced for quick selling; size's range from 2
years to 14: Some plaids trimmed contrasting
, materials, and.some plain chambrays, piped and
stitched. The prices range .from 65c according
to size.      *   *' .  .'   ■?'    '   -,
Ladies' White'  •   „
Embroidered Waists
, Wo have a few dozen white Embroidered Waists
still to cle°ar and are giving a very special price on
these desirable garments. ^ They come in all sizes
from 32 to, 42 and there is a,great variety in the
patterns. All are handsomely trimmed and1 embroidered. Some have ' embroidered back „ and-
" front and'sleeves', and others are trimmed dainty
lace and tuckings. Not a Waist in the lot but is
worth three times the price we are asking. Very
special clearance price for pay day,' 75c.
Dry Goods Department
' ' Finest Stencil Scbteji Muslins in Arab colors .with.",'
overpatterh" of-white stenciled in colors of bluey
yellow?, crimsqne arid jreen. These goods are 45 y
inches wideband are'fast colors:' Regular'65c,. and\ -
75c. yard./ Saturday Special 40a yard. .'■ __■ -yy '■, ■ >
- - Finest English Prints'a'nd Ginghams', in light'and* \.>'
dark patterns, and in check and stripes? Special, .. *.
8 yards for $1.00. ■ ' .".'"■'   ">y
Bedspreads . 7    /
• Large size Damask Bedspreads,'made in a nic-i
Egjptian cotton, size 78 x 98. • This is3au excop-.
tionally large size,     Pricey Special $1.75.,
tionally large size.     Price;-Special $1,75.
Colored Bedspread, made,in an absolutely pure
cotton; quite free from filling, in colors <>i" blue   /■
and white, red and white. •   Special $1.35.     .'" "    ?"'.
Sheets
. * ti   ^ *i
' White Twilled Sheets in a nice soft"eotlon, size,"'-
68 x 80.    We have only a few of these left a:id are • t
offering them at $1.50 pair.       ,  ",   '"/"'     '','/ ,
' Children's Wash Suits
We have just received a.shipment pf?children's    ;
Wash Suits that wei'e lost in transit.- y These will^
be sacrificed to clear, at once./        y ■ . ■    _
'y   '    See Our Windows for these Goods V.-*
edial Payday Prices     ■'■ ■tt~~*K    "'" ""
in
GradenSHo^s
•r
>i I*:
. i......-..- -• „
......I    K .J-l...'   1        '-.
-:  Thisas^your chance to buy gbod'sTioes=at\"d-low '   •-
priceV  "Note'the following:!   'r-"''.7'7 y'\':"; '.- 7::
-i . --        •' w -^  • -  . T *   • ^  '- "^ vt'    *<* -      c' , v -
Men's-Box Calf and Velou'rBluchers?'"rVgular.$5'- %
. and $5:50; special pay day price, $3.00*and $3.50.' :;■ V-
'... Men's "Patent Leather Bhichers.^Veguiar $5;50^>*
and $6; special,pay day price, $3.50.':^':j.?v'X"-'
-\ Men's patent Leather Oxfords,?'regular "$5.50; v'.
special pay-day price, $3.50., 7 -y.S    y"'    -;'",-»; ^
"Men's'Velour Calf Bluchers,'black?and tan,--re- 77
gular $5.50 and'$6.50; specialj>ay'day price'$4.50 *":.
arid $5.00 ,   , }   S.      7 y X    ' \. y. \ .j, -^
, .The above lines are the famous Just1 Wright,and '   .-
Slater'Shoes/      •,;'        "   :. '     >■  '"  -\  7.' X, v
Men's White Elk Shbes,\l2 inch top, waterproof,' ,*'
regular $9.00; special-pay day price $7.90.   "■'       •'".':
Man?s Tan Calf, ,12 inch top Blucher, "regular './,:
$8.75; special-pay day price'$7.25. '-     y  .?   ■    :'X'
.. Men's Tan Calf 10 inch top Blucher, regular $7; .'.'
special pay day price, $5.00.   • y   -. . S-   '   '.y-
', ..' • -        ~      ,     '  -. . .-I*-
This is, an'runusual "opportunity.    'Come   early
and get your, choice"; they won't last long.-  y. , .. r
Men's Suitings for Fall arid Winter
11,
A full range of new samples for fall anid winter
from the 20th Century; Clothing Co. ;have just
krrivied. \ Select your pat'terri and leave your measure now and be^sure - of th6 pattern you want.
Meri?s?ahdrBdys'St?raw;
«,,■ , .-'■ v    -,'-"? I--'-   - -'•?< vyy,.r;V.> -'r- s^r-yy , <y
Hats vtio0 ber Sacrificed *
>i,.-'i
-A   -y Saturday "and "Monday? only,;-the hatsfdisplayed.y;
\} in our^-window .will be sold at^lialf price:; '-iThese^-^
-'-' 'are',all-new spring and summer.styles>• ?•>We?are'?' r
'-- - ■ clearing thescltomake room for new fall goods.,.  ''- >
; ', --Black^Stiff-7Hats^ ls, ■ "•' 77 X  ',-   ;'■;' \y y.yy
' '/'>^_>Bl_u_k.and'C6l6redoFedoras;    -:-\ / yX{ y- \y.
/.  , y.    Soft Crush Hats^injall'Colony''S-Xy*'*■
;"-   ?'"•:, ';..', :" "Straw-Hate—Men's and'.Bdys, *'"/^■'" ■
"'"-'',•     -^ ? ', ■ Lineri'Hats-^-Men's arid Boys;.
„    \; "",,,- .<-     7 ^   Panama Hats! .'--y>,
WILL BE CLEARED AT HALF-PRICE. SATUR-
•]      ""■•. DAY Alb MONDAY ONLY   :■  ^:'^
.yyXX Grocery JDeparfcmentr,?;
Saturday Specials \
^xV":'/i>-1.
sX
• . -  ,(.        -^.       ,     ,i^  . . -     .      ^ j,
■',  Sjiredded Wheat Biscuits,;2 pkgs for '.- ' .25' -
'' .,Government,Butter,'3; lbs".for .."....... '.'?$__?.00™/
1 '\,Tuxedo .Raking"Powder,'16'oz. for'-Vy...'.:'.-';' .15'"r-
„■ -'';Mi^.,Siewart!s Liquid Bluing,'2 bottles for;.;.' - .25 -' ■
•/ -'Qualu^Oats?, 2 lb.-pkg!,?3 fori;;'.'.;. .T/vy "-.25 X'
1 \  ('bwan Js Cocoa ?-•%' lb", tin, 3 for.'-:..'.'.'. ....'.».   .25, -'
, \  ' Fancy' Cream ''Chocolates,'-' per^lb. -..".-.'-. -.,.1:., ; .25;»rv
.,• % Braid.'s Best Coffee,-freshly ground, 2 Mw. f\v,'  H5 '5
-k -'^Braid's-Bigi;C6ffee,"freshly"ground; 21b>fpry r76_ "_
-':' Tpmato Catsup, 2 lbjtins; _} for...-;/.. y.?. v'.'25v"'
;-    Lombard"Plunis^2. lb'.ltin's, -2 for >.-.y-yXX. S.25 "
'77 ' Gooseberries, '2- lb^tins','-'^ for ;..:.?...-:. X '.'.'- .35  -;
^-VReliance1 Lime' Jmce^qts.0.'.;.;'.^;'.--.1...'.'.,; l\y ,.40; '
,:-Royal;.Crown'Lye,'2 tins for ?'. .^f. .'.v.7?'.;:';•.'"•- .ifij'
' ■ Lemonade Powder,' large tins .7. y.. r.7r. ,'• ,-,s;20.',
V   -Banquet Bacon, per'lb.,-s..'..-.. f. _-..:.". ?0'.':.--<:22 ' ?
.. Veal'Loaf, i^lb.' tins,\2 for ,.,,!'. .C*..-.:. V--'.35'  -
Pickles,'20 oz., squr;arid jchow... 771:..-.:.;.''.'. ?-?".25 y
'??': B.C. Granulated. Sugar; 20-ib.,sack"/v .V.v.$1.35"-
"yy. White Rose Sb'ap,;;6 barsV?...^r..-..-.'."..". .-v.25' n-
' 'imperial' Maple'; Syrup,-% -gal.ftins5' ■?'. /.-,•.;?.',-/ '.65y
■- / -Imperial,Maple Syrup,.%.,galvtins ..'.. ^.. .'y .35,-.-;
Special Blend Tea/ 3 lb;-for'
i?$1.00,y_
" "'ilia''-
-i.i
sl
7
Col. Gaskin, the chief secretary for
Northwest provinces, accompanied by
Miss Gaskin. and Major Green, will
hold a special service at the Salvation Array' Citadel Monday night, Aug.
19.    This ls the colonel's first visit to
Fernie.     Major Green has been here
several times and his singing has been
enjoyed by many..    Everybody is Invited to attend this meeting and are
asked not,to forget, tho day—Monday,
August 19, at 8 p.ra,
Vice-President J.,0. Jones, I.B.M. T.
, Harries, nnd Inter. Organlsier, Lackey
_ woro In Beaver Creek lust Sunday and
roorgailized thc'local. Tho newly elected officers thero are: Prosldont, W.
Cope, Fln,-Becrotary, D, Kemp, and
Roc.Socretnry, Alox McLood, '
Rev, John Wesley IIIH, in his prayer
ut the republican convention, sounded
Uio koynote of republican Influence
with tho Almlghtty when ho potltionol
iagalnBt "rostnessnoss, rovoliitlon nnd
ruin," which reminds ono of tlie Mirco
"IVb" ot another mlnlster—tho 1_. C.
Minister ot Land.
Vice-President Jones   is ' down the
line taking up some matters ln dispute.
- Mullin, Frank Cameron (nis trainer)
<ind Jameson, who is closely connected
with Mullin in the boxing game, left
last night for Blairmore. It is understood they will not come back to
Fern(p.
Thq ladles of the Methodist Church
will hold a sale of "Home Cooking"
In tho schoolroom on Saturday next,
Aug. 17, commencing at 3 o'clock,
Afternoon tea will be served for 16c.
■ The Board .of. Trade held a meeting
on Monday evening last, s President
Reading'occupying the chair.- A letter was'read from the-Nolson Board
of Trade advising that thoy had, writ
ten to the Minister of Interior asking
him to use his Influence when arranging for British Manufacturers' tours
through the country that they,make
lt a point of passing along the Crow,
line. ...     ,
THE 8EAMY 8IDE
Two meetings of tho School Trustees woro held during tho, week, and
tho now addition to tho Central School
diseased, At ono of theso it was
stnted that tho architect will supervise thc operations of the basement on
a S por cent commission bnBlfl.
There ls a hon In Now York State
which drinks beer and lays two oggs a
day. What are prohibitionists going
to say ubout a caso llko that?—-Victoria Colonist,
(BgKstraordlnaryl)
THE VETERANS' CONCERT—
\' WORTHY OBJECT
ISIS   THEATRE
SPECIAL!!
mnmMm^mWmWWmmWmmmMmWmnmmWMm
o
The Great English-Boer War Story
' Louis Baubel is' being bold by the
provincial police, on a charge of false
protencoB, on. instructions from tho
police authoritics'ln Reglna,
A youngster from Wost Fernie % was
up before Stipendiary Magistrate Alexander on a charge of petly thefts, and
after a strong reprimand was let off
with a warning that If he Is ever
brought before him again ho will bo
more severe,
F. McCormlck was sent up for trial
on a charge of bodily assault on,Mr.
Frank Smith.
Constable CollliiB Is In town ln connection with a Hindu caso. 0
Constable Gorman brought in Mlko
Relndcnu from Elko whoro ho hnd
boon sentenced hy Justices of the
Ponco noo and Ariiow to thirty dnys
for thoft nt Gntoway,
The Fernie branch pf-the. Veterans'
Association are to hold, a concert in
the Grand,,Theatre on, Thursday next,
and the proceeds will go towardB the
purchase of an ambulance for the city.
The need for such a'conveyance Is
our midst has long been folt, and the
association deserves'every credit for
Its endeavor on our behalf.    It Is now
- .    i .
up to "every resident In this pnrt of
the world to turn up at the Grand on
Thursday night, and thus, show their
appreciation, Tho concert- Is timed
for eight o'clock, and aa the excellent
programme arranged la long nnd vnrl-
od It Is hoped that all patrons'will be
in their seats on time bo that a prompt
start can b^ made.'      •
"JES8" AT THE 1818
44
JESS
tf
IN THREE EEELS
,ii
H  *k4rr%v%f ^nHP *»  *_*B«*«!•.*%■■J'*'*   #*
in the Transvaal
Thin most popular .story from tho pen of IT. Itidor
Uaggftnl is fiiitlifiilly ropr._clui.eil iu ovory .U.Uiil. You will
say that it is tlio most interuAting, beautiful and woll-actcd
picture you havo ovor «oon.
This Plcturo Is Truo to Llfo
Friday,   Saturday
and Saturday Matinee
THE DEADLY HOUSE  FLY
*,( i •"•
For ninny, mnny yours it hns been
n fixed dolualon with tho generality
of people that, In Homo mysterious way
tho common houBc-dy was a bonofac-
tor to the community. Llko many
othor cherished beliefs, this is now
known to have no sounder basis In
fact thnn thnt furnished by a ..omblnn.
Hon of credulity, convonionre and
milipiHtltlon,
If the houui'-fly benefits anyono, It
Is Uio undertaker, Ho—nnd shell five boon Indicted and convicted of
carrying almost ovory, known hind of
germs that cnn bo carried and deposit-
Ine ItifTn whoro thov hnvo ihn hnni
omiortiinltloa of carrying out ' U.«>.r
deadly mission nnd afflicting tho human rnco Tho little, buzzing things,
which we havo icKunlml for genora-
tions If nol with favor at least with-
out nbhorwnfo, nre noir b^Hovfrt tn
linvo cost mora lives than nil the
warn which ctvllltatlon has Indulged
In.
Tho family lifo of tho Kuuca Domes.
Ilea, to glvo the ordinary fly Its roll
and proper name, In moro repulsive
tilt, dom one Iou'as Into \\„ It lieninn
continues and ends in filth, ,A» a
coiitttmlimtor, tlm fly can Klve lessons
to all other living thing* and still not
strain Its ln_i*rit^I tendencies or «x-
hauit IU Instinctive .mowledno.
Until lite microscope mado It poia!<
lie to mm vrery phate of tbo fly'a llfo-
litu.y. It *_.» puiutlUk. lu t««»>(_, tb*
Every schoolboy knows something
or has hoar about tho groat Anglo-
Itoor war of 1881, nnd porhnpB, ntlll
knows* moro about, Uldor Haggard,
one of tho foremost authors of the
day. Ills stirring stories and advon-
Hires of llfo ln South Africa have boon
read by millions, but none, possibly,
with greater iutorcBt than his,book
"Jobs," Tho bcoiio Is laid in tho Trans-
vnnl nml donU with Uio Anglo-Door
Wnr of 1881. Tho cottage whoro Joss
lived is still standing on tlio outskirts
of Pretoria, n rello of tho past, nnd
visitor to tho cnpltnl ot.tho Tranavanl
seldom leave before going through Its
dosortod rooms and refreshing old mo*
morles, Sporting fraternity of Pretoria "hnow It particularly well, for 't
Is about hnlf wny botweon tho city nnd
tho race counm.
, The TbIs III show this stirring mid
beautiful story lonlght nnd tomorrow
nftfirnon and evening.    It In a 3-rool
*. ' i i ,      , >       .,       ,      "._•«
«V..u.v   ....u   >u   it (.14   MJllM  *«wt..«_,.        tU-
othrr plHurp!. in \iv '.'.icivri tiro "^p>'s"
(Coinody), "Toto in Love" (comedy)
nn'd "Ladles' 8tyles."'
rhnrire rnnrto npnln«t It rm fTntrrfrn.
tions nnd malicious inventions. To*
ilny, however, wo are forced to regard
thorn ns only too true. The only
liurmltiss fly is the dead fly, Tbat Is
tno slogan of physicians ntitl scientists
who concern themselves With tho pub.
He health, One of them summarized
the situation recontly by saying "If
a man were to see, simultaneously, a
fly buzzing against his window and a
.park of flro «woi>lderli«f In his window curtains he ought to kill the fly
DOforo ho puis out the flro" This Is
probably an exaggeration, but It con*
wy* Hi. U»M>ti,—Montreai Mnr,
The Roller Rink management are
i, >i '<_
just' as busy as the "proverbial bee,
and If .you have not experienced the
delicious/sensatI61n?.of gilding on the
finest floor in B. C, and riding on the
very latest and best thing \n- roller
skates, then we advise you to "get ln
~the flobr Is'grnndl", *' Friday night
/        ,   -, ',,  i     . i.
is learners'1 night—don't be shy; they
all hnd to lenrn.    . ..'•_> ,
FERNIE vs. HOSMER
8eml-Flr,al for Mutz Cup
Fornlo Journey to Hosmer tomorrow
to play Hosmer In .the semi-final for
tho Mutz Cup,'1 and as Hosmer has
shown great improvement lately,' a
good game Bhould result.     , >,
The following is, the, team, which
will t ni vol to Hosmer, starting .from
tho Klnp Edward at ..IB pm,: Bon*
thnm, Whltolaw, Shields, Barr, A.
Adamson, Sweonoy," Thompson, Join-
son, Manning," Hartwell, H.- Adamson,
nnd Booth. .Enthusiasts desirous of
seeing tho match will bo ablo to travel
down by tho 0,10 pnuBotiKor mul return
on the locnl, '''
WILL ABRF.8T TWENTY
ALDERMEN AT DETROIT
DETROIT, Aug. 18.—Sensational do-
volopmonts lh tho local aldormunlo
grnft scnndnl occurred todny whon
I'roHccuLIng Attorney Shcplinrd an*
r.o.im-Pd thnt boforo night about twenty -Mciormon would liojirro*leil on
charges of connplriicy to dofrnud the
olty In connection with tholr offlolnl
poaltlonB. Tho nlno nld-irm.ii rocontly arrested on n similar clinrgo nlso
nro Included among Uio twenty now
arrests, > ,
■    H/AMIP OP MtlMAM 1IPP
Mexloo Pays Twice ■■ Much for Chinaman as for Americans
MEXICO ti.TY.Aug. 14,-A Study In
the VAlue of human Ufa wns prniient*
ed today in payment of damaged by
Mexican government for forolgnors
killed and wounded owing to tlio fighting In tho Republic, According,to
Mexico's scalo for payment of damag*
es * Chinaman la worth flvo (lines as
much as an Amorlcnn and a German
moro than twice as much, as In sot*
tlln# with foreigners whot« govornmont passed their claims. Mexico
paid f 10.600 for each Chinaman kilted
and $35,000 for each Oerman. For
four, Americans killed $20,000 waa
paid, and f&ffl) «»,ch for thoso wound-
; Obituary
Died at' Jaffray, on August 11th, after? an illness of 23 hours, the' Infant
son "of W. K and Annie Whalan. The
remains were,buried' ln.the Wardner
Cemetery, service1 being, conducted by
the Rev. W. Stephens', > Presbyterian
minister..    ''-    ,   , .  „   '   .      '•  7 ■'
. The death of Mrs.' Arthur Ferguson,
which occurred'on Tuesday last, camo,
as a shock to her'many friends and
acquaintances. The cause of death
was child-birth,'      Mr. Ferguson,,of
Hlxon nnd'Forguson, who" is well
known here, brought hlB-*'brldo from
Mecford, Ont, only about a yonr ago?
Tho body ls being taken by Mr.'Ferguson to his late'wlfo'B native town."
Much sympathy Js felt for Mr1 and
MrB. Henry Bontham In their loss of
'their' little sou Harry,, aged one year
and seven months. - The child dlod
after" a painful IllricBB lasting two
weeks, of meningitis, on Thursday,
The funoral will tako place from tho
English Church this afternoon (Friday) at 3 o'clock,
Tho death occurred on AugiiRt fl of
Alox. McDougal, ngod 52 years, Tho
remains nro bolng hold, waiting' Instructions from relatives jn Ontario.
The doceasod wan at work. for Dan
MoNolsh on tho Govornmont Road.   •
"' *'• ,
. On August 10, Uto death occurred
of Magglo Sawyer, ngod .2 years and
10 months. The deconnod resided In
Elko, but on her becoming ill a littlo
whllo back sho was taken to tho Fernio
Hospital, whoro sho died. Her remains will lio takon to Elko.       "   '
Tho Erie (Pn.) Tlmos Is very'much
concerned as to whero Socialists.will
grit ihe money lo pny for till tlie Indus-
tries,,, Thoy will get It In tho; samo
J;im:<_ UiHl tliu capilHUnlM uru KClimg
ll yir, V.'_j_.JJ.c;- \iv fj»a lit; imlun
tries or not we will pay for them within tho noxt fifteen years. Under 'c_t_v
Itnliumwo will own, nothing, "Under
Boclnllom In thnt time wo will own
snmo. .,
Dr, George Goldstein, a Gorman
economist, has figured up tno amount
of meat consumed fn Greater Berlin,
and decalros that owing to tho advance In price, tho people of. the German capital are paying <1h.000.oou
more for their meat than they did
ten years ago. The sundard of living of the working claaa has gone
down In tho last ten years, and the
parasites wonder why labor has gront
discontented.
Meet Me at
!■•   • 1     '    •       '        *   -      - ■    -■. »'•_-"    .     ■        ,     •
the Roller Rink
PELLAT AVE.
,        F |      > | . f      >ll       ^ l_ 1 J
This Is what you soo
thero ovory oyonlngr '
FOR RENT
On EnRy Torma
In tlio ririing town of Elko
RESTAURANT WITH BAKERY
Excollont ilrontngo with two largo
windows, dining room, a Bitting
room and 3 good bedrooms.
Mrs. E. B. Holkrook
P.O. ELKO
s*
Classified Ads.-Gent a Word
TINDWRWOOT. TVPWWltlTWT. For
Sale; tormh rensonnlilo, ' Apply after
six, (MM., Co. Telograph. 62-3t
VOn 8AU3,—Good Household iPMrnl-
turf* nt » tmf>rlflf>o       ^T^nlt^ fiv/.nint»o
A to S; comer of I lowland Avenue and
Thompson Street, opposite Albo's
Store. BSWt.
CERTIFIED MATERNITY NURflB
desires engagements. Apply P. O.
Box IU, or Mrs. Pollard, Annex.       3t
WWWWWhWWMiWIW tUm ■—■■■MMIM^  I    I 1.1 I— H tm
VOn aAU3/~PedlgT«e Airedale Tei*
rlbrs from finest Imported aloek. \V%
VV. PArnen, Ternle, B, C. tt
i
Vl
s
!
TOR RENT—Ulx-roomed Concreto
block House. Apply, Win. Mlnton,
U__dt*y Aventie, Ann«f.   -
.
[is*

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