BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger Jul 15, 1911

Item Metadata

Download

Media
disledfer-1.0308869.pdf
Metadata
JSON: disledfer-1.0308869.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308869-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308869-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308869-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308869-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308869-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308869-source.json
Full Text
disledfer-1.0308869-fulltext.txt
Citation
disledfer-1.0308869.ris

Full Text

Array ~rr-F.-j* _*■*■■ •■'iii-"'v--■!•-•-
•'V;-J Yr^-r./*.- -.;YY:.'.'. ...Y~.\Y\ Y-   -jy-':'* ?~. .v7.' J. T-"
--"  **Ti-C-iC*»*_-', •**'''
- -? V'^\V*.**7  Vr7*7V**:~';^
'77*-"
■ 'A1*.. .■- r">t * "T^X""
-?r*F**f!*ff*_7Ty:_■_■ ..'■■ST-*?
**■ ; . 7"'?. - /H'-i
*• *-
*(• '
fii.'
'    x  ^  J'M
I>.  7
i * --i •
■    ?':^\
The Official Organ.of District1N6,18; U..M.-W. of A.
' *,* ' •    ,.-.'".*., ■•*'"-   i.-.r'-'-'.v.j   '.        -
Political Unity is Strength,
T_na;DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,"\ B. p.,. JULY 15,1911.
$1.00 A YEAR
, .* -
-*.;
Miners Who Made Good
^iaf th e R ece n.; Exam s
Held for Offidials
•Banff, Alta.,
^ ..
ty.
'"''   "', Tho - following; is a' list"' of, tlie' sue-,
.'• ' cessful. candidates at .the' recent ex-
.'-'•'■amlnation,for."coal|mine officials, held
_ under tlie. Coal Mines" Regulation"'-Act
, at* Fernie, Naaiamo,' Cumberland and
•,  . -Merrlttr May;■ 9,*.10,; and. Ilth" 1911. v"
J "    The Board, of Examiners for coal
.     mine officials,, helda general,meeting
'."*on,Saturday,'the 10th inst. tolrecelve
•'.*? the, repo'rt/bf!*' tlie.examiners and1 the
'.- {list of successful can-ii'lates is given
■^'.'''below.Vv^," '-_r,'*      '-'    „ •:.*',   -" 'rj
-1'*,      The .Board of .Examiners', is.compos-
,i; yd as'follows: Mr..And: Brjrden,'*.chai.
'',„•')man^ Mr. Ti R."; Stocke'tt,':'Mr.". G&o.
•" < ;\Viil!ams,'*Mr. John-' John, ..Mir. D. Q.
, -„ '"Wilson and F..H Shopherd ■*■.'„_ \ 7 ;' '
_ '.   -: The examiners at*the Various centres
."   .were as following': ,,"","" ',-V ,.
"■-,,    Nanaimo: .Messrs. _ T., Graham,   G."
■'■-   Wilkinson, John "John and ' Chief - In-
■ spector of MtfttJs.'F.H. Shepherd., •
, Cumberland:. Mr.'-.Tullyv-boyce-arid
.'   .* Inspector, John Nejvton.    .   .■ „     -y
,   Fernie:'. ^Miv D.;G. Wilson and .Inspectors Evan Evans arid-Robert Stra-
p*    ..chan...7" -\-y   ;   _,... ;:',   •«'     ',  ,';'
..7^.-Merritt: '.Mr.',' And."'Bryden -and In*
■vyj*'spefitor>Thos. Morgan:. 7'-,'' - '**    '.
/    *" It was decldedV'W-hold'another ex-'
..amination - about*.-the -first1:.week", in
'October,, notices of .which, will be', post-
■jfied' In*,the.near future.. ■ V,,*;.:*,*■■. :«   ' r
'* '.The examiners "intimated that great-
^er-proficiency..is requiredtfunder'-the
;,:.subiect^t'Mlries.;lAct^and*.R_iOT." 7 '"A-
Address of'the __ecretary.-oflthe_.Ey__
■famfnatton Board"lBtJ:tr F.'H.-.Shepherd,
i.Esq'.,' Nanaimo, B..*C.-,^ .\;-     ,-" , '['
!' <,, L 1st of Successful ■* Candidates
**",'. y[   -•.."-. First Class-{'•' ' -* ■**";
■.;'" James Crowder, Prinoetoii. yj[
i   C.[ Humphreys,)* Now.. :Westminstef.^.
•7 *A. H. Church',',Prank?'" Alta/'''"' .,.'■ •
"*D. A.,Mac'aulajr, Coleman,"Alta.,
James Strang,'Ladysiblthr' ' "V.7
-= J- P. * D?-: Peacock^ Cumberland.."
•'; *A. W. Baxteri;,Lcthbrldge,Alta.';
7 *Davld ;Davles, Coloman,'Alta.. *   '
; Joy Foy,,* Suquash,-*B. Clj:: y
J *Geo. Kollock^Coleman.. Altft.(• ',,_
"--VR. Fairfoull, Middlesboro."    J      !
•    ■    _".  ";  Second Class *■ -  ' y -!•
**J; H. Brownrigg, Bellevuo Alta.,i
.' Tix MacMillan, Cumberland. :
.. John.Gllllsploj Cumberland.      '  ,'
i   *Thos.i Mather, Michel/ •''
• *Geo/IjUck, Corbin.- ,
Joo Neon, Nanaimo.', i      '.
♦A.' G. Horrocks) Conl Creok,
;.,- Matthew' Stafford, S.' Wellington.'.,
.    ; ,-,7      Third Class
Eddie .Limb, S. .Wellington.
', *Normnn 'Hubey. Mlchol.' ,'
II. Strang. Middlesboro.
., W.iii. Boverldge, ciiniborland. *■
,-'  R. WlWn, Ladysmith.       7        ,
- Jas. Mnrtln, Nanaimo.'-,
E.U Aynrbnrton, Mor,rltt. ,.  .    . ■
,    "nios. StrnAg, LiKlysmith.
♦A Derbyslilro, Mlohol.
':  ♦Wm.'WhitehouBo,. Mlchol. „ ^
\\'in. Reid, Ladysmlth.
•! J, S, Wllllnms, Cumberland.
Lewis Clnrk1,' illitdldslioro.
* J. W. Ilprrbry, Cumborlnnd.
J. Coulthnrd, B> TVolllngton,   '
" R.-" S." Brown,' Mlddlqnbo|'o.
, ItnnO. Dylios, Ciiniborland, r
♦John  Llttlor,-- Mlchol.
John Blnnlo, Cumborlnnd,,
. James Brown, Cumborlond.
. nvld Irvlno, Lndysmlth.
, John Miles, Cumborlnnd,
Robort llarkor, Cumborlnnd.
•John'Loxlon, Fornio.
•Mii'lliow Llltlor, Mlchol.
♦Robort'Llttlor, Mlohol.. ",   ,
A. MeLrtohlnn, Ladysmith,.
, A. Cnlrn . Cumborlnnd.
. ♦Jolin Mnoklo.vPornlo.',
Wm, Dsuld, Ladysmlth.    	
H7D. Brown,'Mlddlosboro.
•J, Henry, Coal Crook.
. •J." Dunnnehlo, Hosmor,
|) W. .T, ICeonnn, Cumberland,
P. Mclfonslo, Lndysmlfli.
♦Geo, Lutton, Fornio.';     •
t   f     ^i,, i, »i t      ■_*- *   j   *    »     ■ ■?
*i/W»V ..-i.     .     * U^bHlvW    4M    <U iHM it'll    +9*
	
' PU2ZLE--WH0 ARE THEY?
'•;   ;    ' ;, %;'".-     '*'  -   'July,6, 1911
To1 the. Honorable' The  Minister  of
"' Labor:—;,'- .7 .... •' ' '
Iri the" matter 'of dispute between the
' Western * CoWop'era'tors .Association
' tari'd its employees as represented by
-•.''District 18,* U." M„W, of. A., "whicli
includes practically the.whble of the
,men- workingjla\ and, ardiind the
-.miries'operate'd by the several com-
- .pariies known as the 'above "assocla-
"'tion:'-,7*7,. .*' "" ■ Yl IY-
;-The details in "connection with "tlie
work of the board have been recorded
by i your duly appointed stenographer,
therefore it' is needless for me.to outline the proceedings or dwell,'In any
manner* upon; this'.feature .of'the
board's work. I feel, .however, In order-to emphasize the position taken by
the Board in,"dealing1,.with this die-
pute that it is essential to' point out
that all, possible speed has' been taken, consistent* wltn the'importance-of
the matter under-.'consideration;' and
keeping,, in mind ...the' probability - of
•getting;, the' parties, [together with. a
view, to making a- mutual settlement,
and that no,undue'.delays have taken
place. • "j;The" board .convened at. Leth-
bridgepn the" 26th*'of 'April and have
visited in, the rixeantinieimost^of the
camps affected - under this dispute.'
7 Before dealing-wltb;-the. matters of.
dispute^thatJhave ^beeri"'.brought to
it would' appear (fiat "the'interests of
the "parlies-, Involved"" had" become a
secondtry, consideration" to the operation of tlie mines at any. cost. Not
having had* the privilege ,of reviewing
their report, J am unable 'W say .'that
r'agree or disagree .with'them, with
the exception of the" matter" of wages,
"when* after going "over the' "question I
found' I cbuld riot conscientiously accept the rosition taken by'thojiliai.
ni'an'.ln, the aforementioned pronoial."
'The matters of dispute resolve tliem;.
selves-Into four main questions, as
follows:  '     7'    ! J-'r  .-
'• **„ "        . Day Wage Rates ' '/-
■ -Being.rates.paid to all employees
(lh and around the mines employed by
the day."'   .        ._ '
.*. '-   •      Contract Rates
7 Being prices paid,for the actual mining-of coal and work done in connec*;
tion,therewith by .he miners.
"V" '• ' Differential In Pillars
Which is,a"claim by the operators
for a' less contract; price on this particular, class of worlc when compared
with,other contract prices, and is generally understood -to mean a reduction
from rates'* paid at' present in most
cases, and the •■,..■*
.'.'.-'   General Provisions
Of'the agreement between the two
parties,-being clauses■> governing the
conditions of e'mployriient and the relationship to" be -maintained between
the*
attention
' -^ *— -
of: the ,board;'_ I-desire
to^briefl^toiicK^upon "the actions" of
the .'Chairman, Rev; ',,C.- W..-Gordon,
afterijall .evidence' had been "taken,' lii
trying to arrive--at'V settlement,, and
also5lii the making'of the report/ It
may " be _ somewhat irregulaiS'but' 1
feel 11 a,duty, to ..the Department, and
the public,-to, do so.-' ,On-the 26th
ultimo, In requesting the committees.to
submit a statement of their relative
positions, ho stated: , ' i*-, .'v^'"-'
-;,. "That he had not up to that,tlmo
understood, the' points of contention
between the parties'^ '"    '■  " -'
i      i      ,       *,     ,      ,      ,.,
and further emphasized his desire to
havo both parties submit statements
showing clearly the points'* of contention; and outlining thoso particular
things that oach party Insisted on hav*
Ing, even at the'expense., of a continuation of tho deadlock. In, response
to this request the minors submitted
a full and' detailed statement setting
forth their demands.' The, operators'I
reply,was Impracticable anil evasive In
tho extreme. On tho-1st Inst, a proposal rognrdlng wages was submitted
by tho chairman to tlio parties, which
was rejected by both on tho 3rd. Tho
Bonrd thon made an attempt to draft
a report, but oach of tho othor mom*
borB refused to review, ornrguo on
tho .ovidoneo thnt hnd been plncod be*
foro thom,' stating that thoy, woro
agreed to sign ii mnjorlty^, report embodying the BiiRBOstlonii'eontnlnod In
tho proppRnls submlttod to tho pnrttcs
by tho ohalrninn on (ho lst Inst, This
procedure wus, In my opinion most Inconsistent,, nnd compared with tho
statomont mndo by tho chnlrmnn on
Juno 20th, tlmt •'"Tills wholo mattor Is
the^twb pari _■_
than'- the rates for the same classes
of labor in the district'!* named.  T ,
u
Another point ,that !has been forcibly shown ,in connection with- this
matter is the. phenomnlaK advance
that has occurred during the past few
years in , the. cost of .living.* This necessarily curtails' the. purchasing pow-
e^r of,' tlie. individual' in., every case
where wages remain stationary;. ■  *
7-_.noth'ec. Important matter that was
draw'ri to the'' attention' of the board
aiid one which appears to have been
lost sight of, by "my colleagues, is*the
effect. of . the *■ elimination or restriction pf the .blasting of coal on the
wages'"'of contract miners. When the
present-*contract rates% were fixed it
is admitted that" they-were base^d, on
the" .'understanding that men were allowed to* blast their coal. In many
of the' mines shooting is now- prohibited and "this" undoubtedly places* the
men'in a- very unfavorable, position
compared'with the advantages they enjoyed ,,'wben.v.permitted ,to* blast', the
coal, and' after- the evidence "of- all
witnesses -ori..this matter, as 'to* the
relative opportunities from' a wage
standpoint;-.it would only be equitable"
and .ust. that the "men be compensated
in a,'fair; and reasonable manner?as
they are-in-other districts when'blasting is. eliminated. . ,
,' I find that tbere have been substantial increases In wages granted-on this
contlnent-'to .all' classes, of labor dur-
(oo big a quostion. to. bo sottlod tn
nny but, a thorough wny, nnd ns tar
ns I nm nblo I shall mako It thorough,"
, In"conslderfrig.the"'evidence submitted, and the statements, made by both
parties, I would consider that the following would tie affair basis of agreed
ment: „ ■ .. ,_ -., ,,''.-,,
'.. ■ ' Day Wage, 8cale
7 On rates below .$2.50 an advauce'-of
15 per.cent;, on rajesfrbm $2.50' to
$3.15 (Inclusive),* 10 per,cent;.on rates'
above $3.15 an advance of'8 per cent,
with the elimination bf all 12 hour
schedules. .
■ , Contract Rates
Substantial advances at Michel, Lilie
Canmore ■ and mines nt and around
Lethbridge, with a general advance at
all mines excepting where extraordinary favorable conditions exist,
•-    ' Differential on Pillars
This cannot be considered as a general principle and should be taken into
consideration only with the conditions
existing at tho various mlnos,
General Provisions ,
Theso' contain somo mutters ,of vital
Importance to both partlos but, as tlie
representatives* of the miners, only
submitted whnt tliey/doslro In this
direction It Is fnfc to us-iutn. that
those mnttors wf.uld not Jo.u de.r-y
settlement, providing tho giicmtlon of
wages could bo satisfactorily arranged.*.
, In support of my position gonorally,
I deslro to offor tho following itrgu-
incuts; ' . „ ,
In dealing with tho quostion of wngos tho board was nskod to make comparisons botwoon tho wngos pnld in
this district iind In tho mining districts
of Montnnn, Wyoming, Washington and
Vancouver Islnnd, arid It ls shown In
lirnollcnlly ovory Instnnco (hat tho
ratos paid In this district, both contract nnd day wa.jp, aro much lower
Ing"the past'few years,, and I am"of
the opinion- that- the men working* ln
and,around the,mines are justly entitled to, the same consideration.     According to the evidence submitted, the
miners-have hot received any material
advances In -^wagea^l^ fact, a great
majority',have not*.-recelve'd ^an-yvin-'
crease since the present1''rates were
fixed some years ago.    It is apparent
that th© majority of the contract miners, In the district are averaging less
than four dollars1 per day," whicli according to' the testimony of every company official should in their judgment
b© from-four to five dollars per day.
It has also been frankly admitted by
all company officials who wero'exnmln-
ea that they i hnvo received substantial Increases during tho' past    two
years and this Is a further argument
ln favor, of tlie claims of tho miners.
At. Coal  Creek, Mlchol,  Lillo,  Loth-
brldg© and  Cnnmoro tho conditions
wero most favorable to the mon, and
lt was.pointed out that in many Instances It was nn Impossibility for tho
mon to make a wngo that .would at
lonBt ensure thom n docont living.   In
almost all of tho minos, owing to the
naturo of tho winters' oxporlonco out
In tho wost, It Is an Impossibility to
give tho men an opportunity to worlc
regularly, ovon tf other mnttors—such
as steady trndo, railway facilities, otc,,
aro all favorable    It Is thoroforo, absolutely nocoSBiii'*y thnt a mnn should
havo an opportunity of mnklng n fnlr
wngo In ordor to withstand theso con*
tlngoncos.    It Is quite truo thnt somo
mines show much nbovo tho average,
but thono aro exceptional, and generally the clnss of work wlioro (Iiobo
wngos aro obtained lo of such hazardous nnd  dnngoroiis charactor ihnt
thoy nro warranted to tho full. Ht ex
tent. 7 This, > however, is not uncommon. In the mining industry, and'it is
a fact that in'practically every coal
field in the world there {ire mines at
which men earn more than the average
wages, consequently I do not think
that* the men in this field should be
.singled'out regarding this'particular
feature, or that evidence '.on this point
should be taken to, prove that wages
generally "are exceptionally high. I
desire to draw attention to one matter
in connection* with the. averages that
were submitted by - one' company, I
refer to those of the CrowVNest Pass
Coal Co. In Coal Creek the manner in
whicli. the company ;-endeavored to
place statements, before the board was
•misleading and were compiled In sueh
form as to leavo a wrong Jmpresslon
as to.what the'correct averages, were
for these ■ particular mines. The method adopted was to show some of the
averages.of men who had worked under .the most favorable conditions and
leave out those, who had worked under
the unfavorable conditions. Again;
in "Michel.according to testimony, it
had been the„practice for two men to
be' loadfrig on one contract check, and
all the coal sent out Would be credited' to-"o'ne man, ,the other man being
classed as a1 company man ar.d pnfd
as' such.-,   Under,this method, what-
*■-,__-•-'     /
ever, earnings over $3 were credited
to_.the contract minerwould have-to
be divided'between the_t\io___men.____i_
that  place,  and ■. while  the  average
would.* be shown as the full amount
received by the contract miner, the
RECIPROCITY
BOOSTERS
-. :   ,   ,'
"■' ' V
Speak in Fernie to Good
Audience—-Or. Clarke
A Happy Speaker
actual wages would be less 50 per cent
of the amount above $3," The adoption of■ this method of payment.also
clearly 'shows. that, the^contract rates
In '.such :*cases:'*are ■*" not, sufficient for
the, miner.; to make wage's," hence the
necessity, for review. *   7
In-all cases the pay rolls asked for
were not submitted, but extracts, given
that would take up considerable time
before,any intelligent understanding
as to tho manner of compiling, or the
Information they intended to convey,
could be reasonably nrrived at, and,
taking Into further consideration that
all documents have boon kept at all
times almost'exclusively in the possession of the chnlrmnn, it has placed mo
In tho position of bolng able to get
only 0, slight knowledge ot the facts
they contain.   While tho minors wore
not ln a .position to submit evidence
contradictory   to   the statements   of
dally averages submitted by tho companies, It was shown, In tlio caso of
th-o Crow's NbBt Pass Coal' Co., that
tlio dally averages submitted did not
givo nny actual Idea ot tlio roal oarn*
lnffi).     in connoctlon with this matter
a lottor was filed by tlio ox*socrotory
of Michel Local which was rocolvod
by hlmBolf from Iho Crow's Nost rase
Co. In connoctlon wllh cortnln com*
ponmillnn clnlms, showing the nvorngo
wookly nmount onrnod , by   contract
miners during 1903 lo bo $12.30.   This
I would liko ot point out Is mado up
In tlm manner proscribed by tho Workman's, Compensation Acl, nnd should,
undor   tho   t'li-ciimHtrincos   bo   much
moro rollablo -.Information on p.climl
oarnlngH than the othor,, slntomcnts
submitted by llio company,
In connection with tlie differential
on pillars I find that this could not be
applied as a general, principle, as the
cohUitions effecting the earnings   of
the men in this class of work vary
considerably at'the different mines, as
tho physical conditions of the senilis
vary.     It is,true that in some of the
mines exceptionally high wages  are
made under most  favorable circumstances, but this does not apply generally.    In some of, the mines, the differential is already in operation, but this
is not true, of the majority, nor" should
it,, in my, opinion, be the case, and It
may'be pointed  out* that there  are
mines where no differential now exists
that the", men employed are making
only low .wages,  in -many  instances
oven below the minimum rate for'miners.     In the' case of the differential
existing at Hljlcrest, as a result of an
award made by the Rev. Hugh Grant,
as, arbitrator, on'July 7th, 1909," it was
clearly slated that such reduction wns
given not on account of any principle
of differential, but on account of tlie
adverse conditions in connection with,
the outside haulage, and this in" my
opinion is not a justifiable method of
determining, prices to be paid ln the
mines, nor should it bo taken into consideration In'discussing the principle
generally. •'■'.,
I have little to add to the statement
already given covering, General Provisions, but would point put* that both
parties .rislst on certain" principles being embodied in the*" manner laid down
i> *. ,
by   the respective parties. .-* Possibly
the most serious point of contention
On   Wednesday  night,  when   Mr.
Alex. I. Fisher, chairman of the meeting' called under, th'e auspices of the
Fernie  Liberal Association,  introduced .Senator William Templeman thero D
were probably not more than 100 to..
125 present, but as the evening "wore ,v
on additional attendants arrived; and
when they filed ou at the end'of the
meeting1 approximately 300 -would be
quite near the mark. -        -'"        • '
Mr.   Templeman   talked   for  about, ,
an hour, giving a resume* of tlie Lib- ',
eral party's career since 1S06-7, tell-*
ing his audience all about the glorious*'
prosperity, that has resulted froni tho ,
progressive policies   inaugurated t oy "
Sir Wilfrid*. Laurier.   Referring to the  '
Martin Burrill'sale as an instance of. '
the absurdity of Reciprocity in any- "
wise injuring the fruit Industry, he
quoted somebody in Grand Forks as
his authority for the statement made
that there wore 225 acres involved in'
the deal and that the figure tit whicli"
the transaction was consummated, am- .
ounted to $37,500, and' that tho price ,
previously asked .was $25,00, and    as
the 65 acres of the Kerman (?) portion'
was valued at $5,000, that'the enhanc-'
eu value of $10,000 he did not. consider
by, any means overestimated, so far
as*Mr. .Bun-ill's 160 acres were concerned. '".'-,.
He then criticised   Mr. 'GoodeWs
speech,  calling  special  attention  to
the' strictures that' gentleman   . had -
made^relatH'e-to~the*-Oriental^olicy~;
of the Liberal * Government. -
His -speech- was * listened  to _ with
stole Indifference on* the part of the
,_,_.,_._..,. _,   „        majority ot, his.auditors, not unmixed
is the check-off, which Is practically an ^h        ^ of wearineBa by those to
assignment on wages or. dues.-glyenl hom hls,6baervhtlons were 0l 8uch '
by members of the. United Mine Workers .of 'America, and for fbo collection
of which the • companies, are' responsible. _ This is a principle which has
been acknowledged ln various forms
Bince the' organization pf tlie U. M. W.
of A., and I cannot see that the companies would be justified in refusing
this at this time, or of Imposing any
worse conditions1 on the men'thnn
havo existed previously. , ' . ■' <
One othor very Important mattor In
connection with tho mining Industry
ln this district which ls very noticeable
nnd wlicli has a very.detrimental offoct on tho wolfuro'.of both men nnd
oporntors is tho overproduction. Thoro
are too many men avnllnblo to moot
tho present demands for coal, consequently It Is Impossible to Insure the
miners Btoady employment. .1 am of
tho, opinion, though ths mny' not bo
within lhe scopo of my duty as a member of tlio board, that tho Govornment
should tnke some monsut'os to chock
tho Indiscriminate immigration Into
this coal field.
Tho operators havo In many Instances endeavored to show that tho mines
woro not on a paying bnsls, bill havo
not during any pnrt of (ho proceedings
contended thnl, thoy woro iinnhlo lo
procure n--higher prlco fpr their conl.
I nm of tho opinion tlmt fin lnrronso of
right or (on coiiIh por ton on tho selling prlco would moot tho Incronses
nskod for by tho men,
Rospoclfully submitted,
A. J.CAHTICU
common knowledge as to verge on the
antique,-aiid when lie sat down the
expression of relief-was plainly visible -
throughout"tho crowiLwho were mentally thanking themselves that lt was
all over.
Mr.' Fisher, In a fow happy remarks,,
called tho Mayor to the platform to
bestow on the visitors the freedom
of tho city, which,was vory courteous-'
ly given, although Mr, Bleasdell stated
that politically he was a hide-bound
Consorvntlvo, nevertheless ns the representative of tho people of tho City
of Fornio,**lt gave hlm gront pleasure
to extend the, hand of fellowship' to *
the visitors.    . '       ,'.-,'
Dr. Clarke, of Red Deer, was then
Introduced, nnd nltliough at, the outset
It was vei-y evident that ho was suffering from  throat trouble, ho* was
not very long in warming to his sub-
ject, nnd finding his volco delighted
his nu dl en co with his fncotlous and
humorously snrcnstlc niluslonn lo lho
arguments of the opponents, or Reciprocity.     Thnt ho has    n   thorough
grasp of tho subject at prosont tho
topic of conversation, was.'soon ninnl*
fost and tho stylo of his homely Illustrations of how trado Is carried oil
woro appreciated hy individuals, ind
drnwing tho pnrnllol botweon nnllons
hi> furnlHhPcl n political c-ronomy lca-
hoii  strictly In nteordiiuco with  lho
Mnnclinstorlnn school.
J    Throughout his >A scourse he wiih
IllHtctiad to with (.'.oho uttentlon ,(ind-
- although many of his nudftorH did not
* Several • pathfinders returnod   homo
on Thursday monrlng, nslnm   as   a
TO-ftA-ntf     /*-f     f*r»*_*ni»*«*ft*W _•.•>?««     *»^ft      ?*"Vv.*J
Iciieo* of, tho;C.P.R. Instood of tlw
ago-old shank'* marel'
Wo uio tho word "Putliflndera" advisedly, u U_> bunch In .UMtion a*
moro .♦ntUlod-'lo" bo clawed ns path
tosern ««!«»■ with that strong' Individuality characteristic of Western spirit
thor •woro dotomlned to seek ont now
trails, brambU) baibot, torrontUI
streams and fallen lots to the contrary
BotwtthstAiidlnf, ,
That thoy enjoyed IhMr exvetitnxoe
is Quosllonaulo, but that tbey aro Ju
bllsnt wben recoontln* them may be
.u. m«n by th* old aphorism of "Ho
■who bu Imbibod at the fountain off
hlttornoss Is ontltlod to quench   his
thirst nt tho stream,of swootnoss."
Thoso \\>!io nionnxoliis to lonrn tho
Identity of tho hardy hunch mny hnve
lliolr curiosity gratified by following
their monnderlngs, a sketch of which
wo hnvo In-tho office, nnd whoso np*
penranco looks llko a spider's wob that
has passed through 0 Kansas cyclono.
Oh, you ramblers! ,
Tho gentlemen nro loud In tliolr
prnlt-cs of the splendid hospitality
shown thom by Mr. Mnllanldnlno, who
not only guided them across tho river,
I but prnollcnllv snvod thom from slnr.
j Ing, Wo nro uot nt nil surprised nsj
ii. MttllaiiulMiiQ Is n typical natlvo son
and ever ready to play tho good Brim*
nrltan,
FEARFUL LOSS OF LIFE
■»_i|lf.W—.■.■M.W**..-! ■■»■*-*.•*•*•• _-_»■ -—» _*.!    ,.,.   ^-.
Northern Ontario Visited by Forest Fires-Four Towns
Wiped Out arid Three Hundred Lives
TORpNTO, July 12.—Tt Ih estliuiitud 1 yesterday's flro will roach sovornl liiiii-lt«nliiy.     North liny ludlos furnished
tonight that from 300 to -100 Hvoh wero j ilml, wlillo lho properly Ions will reach r-ri*r--8lim*pwiii for the travellers,' while
lost in the Porcupine disaster. j|1,000,000.    In four hours, commencing
rionar-joi Missing j._ nwu jemt-nifiy, tne nro raged from
TOHO.. TO,   Jult  it— "A*   .1   tn-\iilv *S"-"''**>*J •■•■'"«-*  ''»'*iV«*»-„ to  Uie
suit of Iho forest tlroa that (ire awee,)- *]]0r4>» ot l^n-nvhie lake, eating up
In. wicherkPrt   throughout   .Vorthwi HonrtPttr* uplne. Po*.<***vlll© and -part of
Oolden City, ne well as many small
Ileprose'ntnivf* Rmployr-cs ngreo with him politically, lie Im pos-
soHHOd of a ■■■uisoiialliy thnl. docs not
„_. t. 1    ^ ^ pic-iiBo flvrii IIioiikIi It may not.
ihiiHty ones.     This wa« only juiiily ironvincr*.
suton-fiil, and ono man was Bhot by 1 H(,n((1|]' „„„„ „m vWU,m j„ Uli,n-
11 coiiHiithlo for persisting lu au nt-!,|0M ,0 „10H0 n,r<lft(lv ,n0niionod. wero
Inmjl lo ret to the liquor, The ■•.•mnl'a J ,(i UulMi,t Mi |t„riK„,i. l>r, Wnlt, of
hullM  j-nPiml throiiRlv his cheul* 1 I'd | Kor( Htw]Vi ,„„, 0,|1(<IS. .
llu.' woiuid was not'sorlouii.     Mnrtln i 	
Ilonho, Jewel .*. tnnk out mo<" ol 1*!»
stock and plnecd It In a enimr* nn Coax-
mndo Luke, hiring a man to wiiicli It.
Tho wntchninn was repcniodly driven
from his post hy (he fl-im.****. hut (led
his ennoo lo the hank and returned
when ho could.    The mock wnn Intact.
COUNCIL   MERTINO
- Meeting In .tho Council Chamber on
Tliuri-dny n'Rht nnd tho following ah*
lentces noted; -J, Podblelnnclk, B. Graham and J.' Mclntyre,
Notico wastjlvon of tho Intondod
Introduction of 11 new! health by-law
embracing a number of needed Improvements wtlh rennrd to sanitation.
W. Hawthorn iras nwarded the contract for tho decoration of Fnlry Creek
nrldgo.    Consideration, t2«C.
FteglnnlnK with July 15th, poundkc«iv
or David K. Hunhet will b# paid
monthly salary of 120 Instead of on
tho old basis. „
A number of ae<*onnta wero passed,
Ontario nt least 50 liven hnvo been
tost and mnny havo booh Injured.
*>_■*_.._*c_.. Mis uotmiit urn) 11 in lour*
imI scores <if thoio will bo Included In
tho fatalities. ,7
flurroundadby Flrtj
Oolden City wa* aurrounded by
flames for hour* nnd ta still In danger,
nltboiiffh ohly fho itnbiirbs havo bnrn
ed.
out. tho flri* only »vi»ln-»r ennfroHcd fiy
dynamiting i| donea houses in (lie middle tif tho town. Two speelal trains
havo boon sent to brlrjg tho 400 tpeonia
who are facing starvation or death by
flro In Tlidal-**. dUtrlct,
Htvaral Hundred* ti*»d
buildlnns,
't'nritf**. x.i,x.f*ppt>n
Wlillo part of tho loss of lire oc*
cur red near Porcupine lako, tho g^oat*
est havoc will lm around tho main
mines, notably West Homo and fllg
Dome. Hore tho entrappod miners,
rut off by flames inoli lo iho nhnftt
Part of TJadalo hua been wlpod jw1""'-9 'h*y -xsrlshcd.
A/rffno the llomclcei.
in nerordnni'o with the Inn*rurflotto of
th« C.1MI, officials, rnllwny ngents Is-
»in:ti trt-o transportation to tlm re-
fiigtt--* iu all points whoro thoy wIhIioi!
to -.o.    .Many wero without funds.
ThU'ti men from Porcupine, on routo
to Ili*.i''«hi*ldgo, •*'■_•_■*■■_■ ench damai^d
Jroni ni'iid to fwt from burns leenlv-
ed. Tlieir flothcu hung In shreds
nnd one wore nn old dressing gown,
Tlwy were .1. l.ndinn, Joseph If. Flynn
nnd (lllbert Clbbs, nil of l-lraer-brldi:.<-.
Fifty Coffin*
rift>  ««,ffltit. **«<ro wi-nt  Into i'oi-cii-
pi lie but ll Is believed thai many mere
J vn-l l«* i*t",-.lt-il.    Hiorc* muiet h» nuf-*
forlr.st from bums and heit pnmtrn-j
NORTH HAV, July 12—A tboiiaami
persons lined th** station platform tonight wben the train rami* In with the
refugee* from Cochran* and several
twriwr-* from Powupl-nt.     Most otltlt- h«j>- of th. fir* tbtire.
th'e pit*«r*n**r* wer.   wnmntx and clxtt Oj-v* Man fthot
OH, YOU DILLVI
A very -rjul.! wedding was i-oleinnJi:*
ed nt the f'liiireh or KiiRliind, Hitliirdiiy
i-M-iiliig, Um. Wnllon officiating, when
,'WMII'ini II. i" 111 ten and May Lamb l*,-
j came mnn and wlfo.
,    .1. h. luites mul MIkh, Miirgnrct tittles
, 7,,_.',.<,   alitt nliMOl" ll'nlH.'CllWI'i* (if tlto
ynioimi), .Mr iitid Mil, Tom it.tk, nnd
Mr. Cnimmfy, ■wi-ti* D.r- orAy -nlit.ci.-ira,
at   the  t'creniuiiy.      Tlio  In Id...  tuia
given ttway by Mr. Tom Iletk ui'ilng
A-1   r.,f\A-.t."'.*t,
The young eouple left on the e*.en-
Inn trnln, West bound, and their many
Matheson Is surrounded hy flames nnd j friends Join In wishing them n happy
will hnvo a hard time escaping. 1 Journey nlong life's way.
Tho Warren Lumber Co. nt Bellwood  . .—
burned  out  to-day   with  heavy Ioss,i AT THB COURT OF CADI
tomb timber bolng destroyed. Inmir-j Hex vs. floiilllard, rape iaso. Judg-
mice of IfiO.fMW tamo Info effect only n„.n. r,...,.r,,-.,.. Ir> naaiuct t»r
>«*,t'"l»v. .('ioi.n_ fl. Ik'rthui.ir for defense.
Abel Utobro.  the   Teinlskamlng ft j    iMMnaky va.  Iiergat, assault with
r-,,,-,- r 11   •   ,      .     , r- 1
.'    .vM      ...m      tmf       I   Id.I.C*
A Inrfn ■numliT nf lu.liin it nn i.'.j
Itig out from Porcupine' on specinl
trains to-night and will be cared ror at
wirli-iis hospitals In thn north country, the Dome mlno running a Hpeclnl
of thotr own vltii (■•..ni.-t. t "-  t'
Cliff hospltnl.   The fire* nre still burning and Hho pas-wtigerK report thnt
outtlib his wlfo and children ;:ud foul
A special Trom Cobalt aaya. Tbo l<wajdr«n rendered homeless by tho flere*
of lifo In the Porcupine district from fire which swj;l down on Cochran yen-
Hon.    A. S. Wilghl.waner n-H-b»nl«*,',*Vo"h<k,r« Ontario railway hMVeman.jiriu.-,*,,,     Ae«Hn«*«l pleaded not guilty,
on flu Transcontinental rallwi.v. nim.»f fct'te"* ttt I«nt-fhforr| trwlay, leaves    «'but tlio rourt decld. I otherwise,    Fti."
wlfo nnd nine clilldrcn, '■ H rA ^ ,hw, ffi0WljjJt ,„ m\   Wm
Elk Qam« Gene f pnfd     tinth litdh 1<Vtil. arc tutciilltl*
li Is reported tbnt Klk I-nkc is wlp.**I,| ».d for ono >e»r which may be extend-
out flr_ Partlnilars are tiriobfatn-jed. It. Herchmer for the Crown; I_.
nbln nnd utv-ouflnocd. i i», Kckst't-n for d«»fen«f.
S*.*"irlal eonstables  were sworn In
and cffortii made to k«*p triif.ikv frem *   Y>'«r'_^\-
:i^w
.•T&-C& _ <*' ''-'
;-_   f **. "
•^   ^V^
*     v-  t ,
PAGE   TWO
. IHE DISTRICT. LEDGER,*- FERKEB.. B. C, JULY 15,, 1911.
- v- j :'Yi.
■ i *> " 7".'
. *\ *•
The Folly of
With   Apologies ; to; the Milwaukee Journal.
Dl
-1,.
r
, '.., ,. . By Carl D. Thompson
x'. .   ti.    •* .
(Note:    On June 16 the Milwaukee
, Journal—a progressive^Republlcan paper ,in Milwaukee, published a double-
column  display  type * editorial  under
the caption: "Rlches-Doh'tJlake Happiness,"-    It, wa's a ""reply to a line
- ln   the   Social-Democratic  Herald'  to
the effect that' men are noi created
equal   and   that  the  children  of  the
_ poor don't have as good a chance as
the children of the rich.   The Journal
■j took occasion to   preach a whole ''sermon  of  the  usual  capitalistic  bunk
about the glories of being poor and
the horror of being rich.) 7        '   ■
* Ladies and Gen—I mean, My Dear
Workingmen and Working-women:
I -want to  write  you  to-day some
good' sound advice abput the folly of
trying to bo rich.     Notice I say trying to be rich.   There Isn't much danger of your actually arriving there—
but   you . are  in  constant  danger   of
.trying.     It is all a mistake.'
Riches don't make happiness,
; Just think about the matter!
.,   Riches wouldn't get you the tilings
you want, Mr. Workingman.   And, besides,  you don't want them anyway.
You only think-you do.   Don't, let the
demagogues mislead you.. Riches don't
make happiness.
Of course, we admit that riches
would get your wife a better gown, and
maybe when she was tired and worn
.with work a little riches could send her
, to the" lake, for a few days' rest, or
maybe hire a girl to help mind the
babies. But that isn't happiness.
Don't be deceived.,
A few riches, of course, would rent
.you a four-room cottage instead of*a
, . two-room shack—but don't   let   your
. mind dwell on such things.     Forget
it. ■ . -
■And,   besides,   riches   are  a , great
curse.     Just .see how many rich people go to the devil. -■
'.'   That's why we editors of the capitalist papers, never .try  to get rich.
Why, they offered it to us.   No^siree!
Not we.
.In fact, all us capitalists—we scorn
n riches" because we see what an awful
_ curse- they are.      Nearly  every  day
some capitalist refuses an offer.to become a millionaire.    ***•
,   Why  do the rich do such things?
rich and struggle so hard to remain
poor?
Why? Just because they realize
that riches are a great curse. Beware
of riches, my good workingmen. Stay
poor the way we millionaires do.
It's great to be poor.
'And then, again, think what a bless*
,ed thing adverBity is. You ought to
be very, very thankful for adversity,
That's a blessing that only the poor
can enjoy.
. When you lose your job, when the
wife gets sick and the children have
to quit school and go to work—when
you lose an arm or a leg, or contract
somo Industrial disease—why, all of
that Is good for you and your family.
That's what makes men good and
great.
Just think how many of our groat
good men In history have come up
from the slums,
No man ever became great by having a clinnco. All great men bocomo
great by being kopt down—by having
to work sixteen hours a day ln a
■*■"ttcn mill or n renl mlrc—all our
great mon were horn of mothers who
wore' developed hy long hours of hard
labor, ospeclnlly when thoy woro bear-
nig their children.
And then tho noxt stop In mnklng
groat mon Is to put thoso children
through yenrs of stimulating toll In
Borne sweat shop, mlno or mill, or foe-
Are Your Kidneys
Working Properly?
It Will Pay You Wall lo Mak* S«r«
There'• been a.lot of "guessing" about
rheumatUra and rheumatic pains generally, but you 'can be dead sure that little
pain across your back came (rom decreased kidney action,
The kidney's duty Is to Alter the blood
-—take out the Impurities collected by
the returned blood stream—do it just
like absorbent cotton In a funnel (men
th**; Impurities from polluted water.
When the kidneys are not working you
are bound for one of two courses—-Diabetes and Pright'i Disease or Rheums-
tintn, Lumbago and Sciatica. The former course Is usually fatal, and the latter
always painful, but you need not have
either, as * tbey both can be eailly prevented.
The very best prescription for all kidney troubles is Nyal'a stone Root Com*
Eound, It Is no "patent" medicine,
ut a scientific' prescription composed
of Stnneroot, Bucliu, Juniper and other
remedies of proved value.   More than
L***,    t*    «.*}    _.<,._     p.wlCw    UJ     ...LIU**..***
who bav-f bad e}tid relief from its uv.
Theri'i nothing quite 10 miserable at
th*. dragging results of skk kidneys.
Vou are trifling with your own future
when vou neglect ao simple a precaution,
ai a pleasant home treatment with Nyal'i
8tonc Root Compound when results ora i
so cxnsun,
It tootbe* bladder irritation, gives
yon rest and comfort at night, and makei
life once more enjoyable.
The kidneys, liver and bladder are all
tory.    . That's   how. great'men   are
made. * "   *' -*
And that's why all we "good people
are especially careful v to keep ''ourselves poor. We do that so that our
children shall have no chance in life,
because "adversity always makes men
great.
Perhaps you saw some of the pictures in. the Journal recently — pictures of whole families — of widows
and little children, toiling far into
tho nights—babies still working at
nine o'clock and the whole family earning sixty to seyenty cents a day.
Aren't these pictures just too cute
for anything? '
Maybe some of these children were
your children. Maybe one of these
pictures was one of your family. If
not don't be discouraged or jealous.
You may get your picture iu the paper
next time.
And.- at any rate, these' pictures
show what a splendid thing adversity is. There can'be no doubt of
it. The pictures are actual photographs.
All rich men are uhhappy'. All
poor people are happy.' And ,,why is
this, do you' suppose? Simply because ' the. more you have the less
you've got.
Some,day you may get to thinking
you would like t. "have a gas range
or maybe a piano in your home. Such
things are suggested to you by shiftless and lazy agitators. It's all wrong.
Such things wouldn't help you a bit.
They simply make you miserable.
That's why we rich' folk long ago
gave up- such 'things.
And as for automobiles and .fine
houses—why, every boy whose father
ever owned an automobile or a fine
house has gone straight to, the dem
nation bow-wows. Beware of good
houses and automobiles.
If ever the thought comes into your
mind .that, you would like to have a
nice eight-room cottage and own it all
for yourself and your family—put such
thought out'of your mind at once;
stamp It "out;-crush It; rise above It,.';.
No happy, man ever owned a.house
of his own. . When, a man* owns a
house it is the-beginning of the end.
■. If this seems. hard to believe,'-, just
look around you' and see. - '» ■ • ■
___And_as_ for good clothes.',why,lt_ies_e_
things don't ."make happiness. The'
woman that makes over her last year's
gingham dress and. fixes over last
year's bonnet puts them on and goes
out to wash somebody else's dirty
clotHes—that woman ls a queen so far
as happiness is concerned.
It's all wrong, to suppose that the
woman that has enough riches so she
can hire a girl to come In and do
enough of her work for her eo so can
put on a real up-to-date dress and
spend an afternoon in the public library, is better off or moro happy than
the washer-woman, ■ •   '
That's why all the rich-women are
so crazy to become scrub women, ' It's
the only way to bo happy.
No, sir! Riches are a snare and.a
delusion.
How true what the Journal says:
"Just as a bucket will hold so much
water nnd no more, so a man's life
will hold so much enjoyment and happiness and no more.'
So when you have a "ham and*—"
or "flop" for a bod/ a pair of honost-
Jeans nnd a placo to stay—what more
can you,ask? The,bucket wont hold
any moro, Therd are no further possibilities for tho human.
Music, art, recreation, travel, research, Invontlon—thoso are rnoroly
tho overflow, tho slop over. Thero Is
no happiness In those things, The
happiness Is Intho "ham and—," tho
flop and tho JoanB.
Again, tho Journal ls Quito right
when It says:
"Tho truly happy lifo Ib soparato
and apart' from riches,"     Happiness
has nothing whatovor to do with
rlchoB." If you haven't got tho prlco
of tbo noxt monl, you can bo truly
happy Just tho samo.
All you have to do Is Jtmt to ro*
member that the monl haB nothing to
do with happiness—nothing whatovor,
Rich pooplo novor glvo any thought
to where tho next moal Is coming from
—othor pooplo nttond to tbat for thom.
'You should do tho snme.
If tho doctor tolls you thnt your lit-
tie daiightor has" tuberculosis— Hint
what she noods is better, more wholesome food, that the food you'vo used
woh not nourishing onough, that sho
must hnvo moro ivunliRht and fresh nlr
and a trained nurse to care for her—
and ynu haven't tbo prlco of any of
these things, you can bo truly happy
' . ,   ,,     ,...I.. 1 „..,--.
jllttt    lilt*    kauii.     *xi,    »«-f»    \t ► 1)    .>»ff.
lift- bj mymrnXe nnd apart from tIcum**,
All you have to do In such a caso
Is to romombor how mnny rich mon'a
HotiB went to thc bad; you will then «eo
thnt rlchna aro a curse: and that will
. I,     ...„lrir-*iv    .inn.    Ir.    vm.    1*Mt
_w*bl.       -••        V   .»  "   ' *J *
riches havo nothing to do with tho
caso.
Now, all thla may not bo perfectly
BHSTERv3,
SORfilEET;
■ Evc^Body';
' tvtryttktr*
am Buk
MACHINE 7
UNIONISM
*   , By Eugeiie" V. Debs ,  * ,''  :'
any food—never did. Another great
joy is "doing good."' -
Oh, what an ecstaey that is! You
don't need any goods' to .do good. All
that it take's is a kind'word and'a
sweet smile.   ' That's all the hungry
* Cl
ever need. So you can do good if you
haven't got a" cent of money or a
minute's time. " Just smile and, oh!
how happy you will be. ,.
Of course, that won't feed the hun-
gary, clothe' the. naked or heal the
sick. And that's what we aro talking about.
Another big joy maker is the performance of duty and the sacrifice it
entails. Suppose you decide that it
is your duty to establish a free hospital for' the poor.   ' „
'All you have to do' is to sacrifice a
part of your $1.25 per day and,.'put it.
into the cause. Oh, joy! Or maybe
the nation calls upon you for service
on the battle, field. ' All you have to
do~is to hire a substitute.
That doesn't, cost him* anything.
And think of the chance you give him
to take a place among the immortals
dead!,      -       ' '
And'think how happy the world has
always made those who do. their duty
arid 'sacrifice!    ,,**'*
•Lincoln, Lovejoy, Garrison, Galileo,
Copernicus, Gracchus; Socrates — how
perfectly-lovely. Why. there are Ge-
thsemanaes and Golgothas everywhere
for those who want them. And there
they are always so happy. Why should
any one ever want riches? When they
_can Just as .well be happy?
So, finally, we urge you all, workingmen and worklngwomen, to try tq
be happy aud leave the riches all to
us, — Milwaukee Social-Democratic
Herald."
WHAT WILL CHICAGO DO?
Prostitution demands, youth for its
perpetuation; On the public rests the
mighty responsibility of'.seeing to it
de^nd-Tnt'u^'u .m Mrt&ftMd Nyal'i <**** to you tho flrat tlmo you try
Stone Root Compound If particularly to think thla way. Dut If you keep
designed to help tnem til. „t It—keep our mind resolutely fixed
For hale In if ornio nti«i.uuiu»iiu*«l by ■ xl^QU tj,jg j,joa( y0ll at jflBt will come to
N. E, SUODADY I too thnt blaclt la white.     And wlion
yon believe It Is, th-ln It Is.
And the'Ji you will havo found truo
happiness.
says tho Journal again*.  "
"And-of all tho things that enter
into human happiness, those which aie
mnt-nrlnl aro lenat.     Th**- gr*>*i--*st la
Om for nuch **v_ry_ty iflmactt v,rnrtn ]nv*:>   Now',0*6 d0*,nl nc*1
that' the demand ' is not supplied
through the breaking down of the early
education of the young girl or her exploitation in the business world. What'
Bhow has she in tbe competitive system
which exists to-day? ' Whatever her
chances maybe, to stand or fall, she
is 'here ln hordes in the business world
as our problem. Let us. do something
to give her at least a living wage: If
she ls not sufficiently skilled to earn
It let us mix some" religious justice
with our business and do something to
increase her effjeiency which she has
never been able to^ develop through
no fault of her own. ,
, Are flesh and blood so'choap, mental
qualifications so .common and honesty
of so little, value, that the manager
of one of, our'big department stores
feels justified In paying a high school
girl, who has served nearly ono year
as an Inspector of sales, the beggarly
wngo of ?4 per <iyeok? ' What is the
natural result of such an Industrial
condition? Dishonesty and immorality, "not from choice, but necessity—In
order to Uye" We can forgive tho
human frailty which yields to temptation undor such conditions—but wo
cannot forgive tlio soulless corporation
which arrest and prosecute this girl
—a first offender—when Bho takes
homo some little artlclo/3 for porsonnl
adornment.—Chicago Vlco Commission
Roport,
It romlnds mo of tho story of tho
tvvo little boys: Ono,dirty littlo urchin
was standing in tho alloy and vociferously honplng tho most frightful In-
voctlvo upon tho bond of another dirty
urchin, who was much smaller thorn
hlmsolf, Tho littlo follow stood still,
and with opon moutli,N'llstonlng to tho
vllo nnmoB th'o '.'bully*! of tho nlloy
callod him, but he uttorod novor a
word. Presently tho "lender of do
gniiR" stopped, having blown hlmsolf
out; but tho littlo Ind still stood thoro
gazing up nt hie brutal mallgner with
opon-mouth scrutiny, "What yo gutter say tor that?" blurted out tho big
fat dub. "I wus thlnklnV replied tho
tot, "dnt all dom tings wot yuzo callod
me, you is."
(15d.—,Chicago has been under Democratic rulo for tho past olght years
nnd tho extracts nbovo given nro from
tho roport of a vlco commission whoso
disclosures of tho Immornllty existing
should bo sufficient proof to show that
there .?■ r.ct*Mnj» lef* for "■<"»•*''•''Hn*fln tn
dpoompllsh nlonir thnsn line*, tho strl-J*
tut en of tho nrehhldhop nothwltliBti.il*
I11-.O
DAMAGES TO MINER
•Pti.lT.t1ff n minor. pn«rn«ri»rt in run*
ning a drill at the bottom of a shall
or wlnte, waa serlouoly Injured by
tho falling of a largo rock from tho
third lovol upon his loft hand, om nulling and breaking the bones In the hand
imd rendering It useless. Plaintiff
siietl| for ROijO damnum*, In hia
Judgement on Many 26 last, Chlof Jus*
tlco Falconbrldgo, who tried tho action said: "Tho plaintiff proved and
the iury found failure by def«ndanta
to comply with aubsectlona IT and 31,
of section 101 of tlie Mining Act of
Ontario. Judgment for plaintiff for
U.hbb and noaXe. Thirty day. «.uy
—Ubor (latetto.
- The labor movement is of the masses and its. success 'depends upon the
masses. The leaders cannot make the
movement'nor fulfil it'mission. This
must be" the work of the" members
themselves.   ' * .".'''
Above all things it Is necessary ihat
the labor' movement, economic and
political shall be organized and managed by and for' the members who
compose lt.,. No boss rule! No mu-
chlne power! These are fatal to' ihe
movement and keep it In a'state, of
weakness and lmpotency.
The strength of, the boss, the power
of the machine, express the weakness
of the movement.
And "yet nowhere are boss rule and
....
machine power more flagrantly 111 evidence than ln the labor movement,
especially in the trade unions, 'lho
railroad brotherhoods ,are ruled by
their leaders and the machine of tbelr
making, and they are' so intrenched
in power that it Is practically impossible to idislodge them. To ' take a
stand against; them in a convention is
to be -marked for summary vengeance.
The machine organizes the convention,
appoints the committees,' and has
practically> the power to do as it
pleases. It clumsily frames the constitution and ritual to make its power
perpetual and absolute.-'   ''
Tliis power in the'"labor movement
must be destroyed.
„It is fatal to working.class unity nnd
death to progress. •-'
• Let there b'e'an .awakenihtj on the
part of the members of theso unioYis
and let them, resolve to put an end to
boss rule and wipe out machine power
in the labor movement.
Let. them niake up tlieir minds to
substitute themselves as the ruling
power so'that their- officials shall be
their.servants and not their masters';' '
The general officer, or grand officer,
as he is sometimes called, of a labor
union, who has .the power' to veto a
strike after a majority of the members
have ordered, it'is; an'.enemy of the
union. If he is't honest he will'refuse
to exercise that.power; if he is dishonest he.should not be vested with it!
with that, power,' he.jis a petty tyrant^
the members'are: at his mercy,, and
Tie" can-s^l~t"n"eimr~0ut4_ir*wni:
;Beware;oi7
Imitations
Sold on the
Merits of;,
Minard's ■
Liniment
August 6-ll.
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
''..'-,Hot and Cold Baths,
i>.''-
',*'■ - X*;
The King Edward ;;,
**'-.- ■ **«^ ', j..-- ' -* ***, , ■*• *
■-'.'."      ■-     *   -i -- - •yj-yv.* -■--. .■.".-■-,■■.
Ferhie'is  Leading  Commercial 1, Hotel,
'Vi**-*' *
The'Finest Hotel in East'Kootenays
J. L.7GATES, Prop..
-.*vf_
1
r   }.
.V'/J
*   1   V * /
1 y r
"■fl
These, are questions that'ought to be
discussed in the journals of air these
unions and brotherhoods.*' • hT this
way alone,can the eyes-of all. tiie members be opened and their" brains set
working, These, journals belong to'
the rank',and.file and,'they, have the
right to the use of their columns.
Such discussion as is "here suggested
would be infinitely, more" vitalizing
than the; stereotpyed stuff that has
been running for "'years and upon
which ,there never has been and never
will.be a-patentable Improvement..
If the editor ^.refuse's your , article
have' your' lodge demand its publication and. you will soon', force, the col;
umns to open.to tlie discussion of vital
questions, and *if this'is done it will
not beMong.before the, labor unions
are controlled'by'and for their, members* and when that time comes they
will.spontan'eously unite into one great
organization for the emancipation of
all."''''-.'     •""      7 --•■-     .'
LOW WAGES HELP TO RILL DIVES
Imperial Batik ofCanada
.     -  y-J , HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO.■.   .
Capital Authorised 1...$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed 7.. $5,575,000
. Capital  Paid  Up .,.'..'. .$5,575,000 .*'. Reserve Fund _..._...'_ .$5,575,000,.
. D.R. WILKIE, President    \' HON..ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.'
-7   '"' .   BRANCHES' IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA   ,*  • / *-■', ■' A7-V'
<.-,*,'*.'.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, (Moyle, Nelson.
■•- * ""   ■ Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. '    ,r    ^
'   '   SAVINGS DEPARTMENT    ,      ^
Ir.terest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH  7 * . GEO, I. B, BELL', Manager
■Y^-.'-i]
"- ilM
■ Y l   \f
*    U
I! J* i
1. * 1 j
* I
'  ' "'   '7
■ a
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
■"   ,  .    PINING AND CRYING
' '*•     ■' '•''' - i'   -*   ,-... '     ■
are inseparably twins,-]    Wherever
■ you find theoiie'you'resure'to find',
',     It 1 ., ,
the other. ',*"-.'    : "   -
'     r    ,' - ,   "   'V"    ,       .'•'<,-■ ,-' ■"   ■ -   ; .   . '
FOR    LUMBER    THAT'S' 'GOOD
•f'        7,  BUY if HERE.        .     '.-'■
Good pine boards or timber are' in- *
separable to our" lumber*business-1- .
■where one is; there you'll find the;\
„other.  " '- ;. ''.'-•" ""•-.     ;'   ' ' ' '•"'
» '      1     , * •*'"_..!.'
FAVORABLE -ESTJMATES. GUAR-'
ANTEED  ALL   BUILDERS
.OFFICE and YARD,   MCPHERSON'AVE., OPFr. Q.N.'   DEPOT,, FERNIE,;
Union*
men ought'to be'ashamed to submit "a
single hour to the attitude of such abject humiliation, making their servant
their master and giving'him the power to betray th<§m,_which they should
exerclse,for. their own protection.   ■
If a president," or. grand master, or
whatever else he may be called, has
the power to appoint committees at a
convention he ought to be stripped of
that power,,,- Every committee should
be elected from the "floor, *
, If the chairman*, has*' the power to
appoint and pack committees he at
once becomes the boss that rules the
convention. „
To stand upon1 the floor and protest
against tho despotic exercise of that
power Is simplly to bo marked as Its
victim and silenced In humiliation or
thrown ,out bodily a ia Roe nt Lee's
Harrlsburg convontlon.  '  .
Tho committee on constitution, the
commlttoo on credentials, the commlt-
tbe on organization, the committee on
rules and tho commltteo on salaries,
should all bo elected from tho floor by
the delegates themsolyoH, That Is tho
only way to havo a convontlon democratically managed by the delegates In
the Interest of thoso who sent them
thore.
Look up to thoso mnttors tn the constitution, or In tho ritual, whero thoy
have boen __0moti.1-.t___ cunningly placed
nscortnln ini what provision tho powor
Is lodged that mnkos tho prosldont or
tho grand maBtor tho boss that rulos
and attack It and koop on attacking It
until you have bo rcvlBcd the lawstlmt
tho powor 1ms boon transferred from
tho grnnd mogul to tho delegntos of
the convontlon and to the rank and
fllo of tho organization.
Domocracy Is tho lifo principle of
truo labor unionism., Tho lack of It
monns potty dospotlsm on tlio part of
tho lenders nnd gross Ignorance,-on
tho part of tho followers, a state of
affairs which has Ub Industrial counterpart, In tho shop whoro lho boss
hns all tho powor and drawn all the
pay and tho slaves do all tho .work
and got nil tho kicks, ' *    ,
There'are 25,000 women in Chicago
w.hd'are employed in stores, ffceo'ding
to .Bulletin 90 of the United States Department of Commerce and Labor. The
average 'wage,of these women is be,
tween $3.50' and $7.50 a week.'     " .,   *
There are thousands'of womn in
steam laundries in*- Chicago, according"
to the"same report. The wagesvfor
these workers range between,$12-'and
$5.28. a "week? -The greatest'-num*-
ber. are in ■ a * group, receiving between
$7 and $9. •-In-this-industry the mac:
"Hinery; was-1ou^Tto tw~pobfly7protec."
ed aiid the exhaustion from vwork great.
There are several hundred,women in
Chicago' engaged *.lnl the -making,; of
corsets. Their work is divided Into
piece work to the fullest extent. The
average week is 60 hours long. '' According t6( figures obtained* by .the
United SteteB government, Bulletin 90,
Department of Commerce and Labor,
during normal business seasons 60 per
cent of the women so employed make
less than $6 a week.' In busy seasons
there --'are 40 per cent of the'women
ln this Industry who earn less than $f>
a week,     , (-       •,--.■••
There are thousandBof girls engaged
in candy manufacture in. Chicago, On
the basis of a ten-hour day tho greater
number earns $6 a week and loss;
During the rush .seasons; before the
enactment of tho ten-hour law for women In Illinois,' the working week was
of tne 72 to 85 hours long.
Tho highest wage of any candy in..-
kor reported' In Bulletin 90, I_n(tft'l
Slates Department'of Cominercii .md
Labor, was $27.75 for a week of 92%
hours. This means Beven day.) of
morp than 13 hours each.
There are several thousand sir's trd
women In Chicago ongagod In the manufacture of paper boxeB. '■ Tho work
in this Industry Is so trying and the
nay so small that.lt'is hnrd to got
worKoro tnto ll, " In the factories
Investigated by the workers who gathered data for Bullotln 00, 40 per cent
of tho employes earned Iobb than $6
a wook.
Somo wages paid tn those factories
nro.iib low as $2.50 a wook. Bofore
the onnctmont of tho women's ton-
hour law tn Illinois, around Christmas
tlmo tho working days In tho factories woro 8 to 12 hours a day,
Tn many of tho big Stato Btreot stores
whoro wngos aro notoriously low, tho
omploymont contrnots and rules forbid ono oni ploy 0 to discuss wagos with
anothor omployo, In Mnndol Drothorn
tho omploymont contract states that
employment da tormlnublo nt tho end
of any dny without notico to tho omployo,
Second Hand
.VICTORIA AVENUE  N.   ''-
Highest. Prices Paid
For^Secohdliana- Furh_tur8^8t8veir
Tools,' etc., also Ladles' and; Gentlemen's Cast-off Clothes. , -y;.
,,Two-chair Barber Outfit for Sale.
,G. RADLAND,>rop. „ ,
KING'S HOTEL
_' Z
•j-, *-?   .■*"* .\~j-~*»1li
^Large^Airy-Rbbms^Sc^
■0"       ' _p«    '***". i    ■*•*_* '"'*''-' '-   * ' '' -"--
Good Board   ,
rt,  '."*■ ""'
( (      *_ f -Jf-   j_* v.
Ross &;Macfeiy ?_»
Bar supplied with the  best Wines.'
Liquors and Cigars '    '
DINING ROOM IN  CONNECTION
- .* '       "    * *    .    ■ '1
W.MILLS,' • Prop
TEN   MILLION   ORGANIZED
WORKERS    .
The seventh annual'"report 'given
out from the office of the Secrotary
of tho International Trade Unions
placos 'Gormany at tho head' of tho
list, giving the number of organized
workorB in the.world a placo held In
1908 by England:
1910
Gormany    2,447,578
England .,..;'..'..'.2,400,746
United Btates .....1,710.433
Franco  ..,'.   977,350
Italy. ..,   783,538
Austria     455,401
Swodon       148,649
NethorlamlB   145,000
Belgium   '    138,028
Denmark     121,295
Switzerland    112,013
Hungary     81,200
Norway     44,223
1908
2,382,401
2,400,740
1,588,000
294,918
546,650
482,279
210,000
128,845
147,058
120,850
113,800
102.01.1
4,8.157
44,012
"  24,000
12,033
Feriii. Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
SMALL   BUSINESS
Spain     40,084
Finland        24,028
Bulgaria     18,753
Roumanla        8,515
IIosnln-Horseogovlna      4,470        3,007
Sorvla      4,462        3,238
Croatia      4,361        4,520
Tho samo figures aro glvon for Eng
land in 1010 as In 1008, slnco tho offlclnl Btatlstlcs havo not yot beon glvon
out, In Franco tho groat difference
In tho numbor Is causod by the fact
that ln 1008 only thoso unions unitod
with tho contral organization woro
counted, Tills was also*|tho caso ln
TTnnnfnrv. Rorvln. RoiVmnnla, ^Iflpaln
and tho United States in tho statistics
for 1010.    , .,.',,
Tho total .number given In the tabulated list ampunto to'9,083,493 In 1910
and 8,074,307 in,.008, With 230,203 In
Australia at tho end of 1008 and 22,-
457. tn Argentine, a totnl was reached
In 1000 of 0,848,243.',
Since 1000 tho trade un-jon' membership has Inoroniod In most countrlos
ao that tho army of organized workers in tbe world can*to*day safely bo
placed at ten mllUona.
Tho. total amount'paid out in 1900
by tho uuloiitt In fltUiuu couutiUw, for
benefit! of all kinds amounts to 57,-
707,822 rnarka, or $14,428,000. About
$8,000,000 additional waa pnld out In
1900 forstrlkos nnd .look-outs,
, No power on earth ought lo stop the
advance of the vaat army of workcru
toward the light.—Vorwncts, Berlin.
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
HIM
BAKER  AVENUE,
BRANCH AT HOSMER,  B.C,
We Have the bait money
can buy of Beef. Pork,-Mutton, Veal, Pouttryi Butter,
Ego*. Pith, 'Mmperater Hams
and Baoon" Lard, Sausages,
Welnere and Sauer Kraut,
Electric Restorer for Men
Ph os phenol t*»!?rM •vnr wn to tin tody
"• f ■■■■■; "„r*l l? '•» W °P*_f to*"****, t ttttotu
nm tuit viUlltr. ytamaitita dirty ind ill nm..
vtiknttii svwud «( MC*   rl_iph4MM -wili
_.   Mlllnl to in. «rM. m«   fh.ftMb_-.il*. rot?
'<•„ av. CMUai-ltu », Uut,
Ferh Sale at Oitaideira Drug storo
_ 3l_.i_;< -»■!_:■___, _£__i_^_______»
iftA*--'*-'**'*'^ _*. * ■_ •^■t'-nwte*
H _!___«______».Tt). ' *.-"'■ "■**•:■
'*S$7x
;■-' Zs'-.iZSj'ii!,
- ,.,"'.*•• •-:-.-V
£.-:
. o_ -'L^'JI-f.■>„-• »iv_J_
*■*-**-■•
■".■>*-
-„!*•-"'■'
; THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.  B. C./ JULY 15, 1911.'
■; *<r/fe;
-*   f -   **. - <_.'- : *,-„
-    ** v ~!*\ -  i
PAGE   THREE
:_:F™ A _■*__■■*_i_i_i-^-^*^_i: l\_L,_:*--_Lli.:__J.   ml-  ._.- -•>•*:_.*.* 1
;«- $V V,¥ VI y\» » »y jii jr y y y V y y y y y y y y y y y ^y y y y y y y y V yyvV y y y y ¥Jf y V »,y y ¥-^M^»-»W»Jtf y » y yy y yy y y y » »^jj
v. ,\     * ■  .hi., i* " |        -j-J- . -i ...... - - t   -       ' '     -.-• ''i'i-*' r "'
,7 - 7",'V>,By Peter Kropotkin N„ , -, '
* 'r\l assume:that you are. about elgb-
** 1. teen oi*. twenty Vears. of age,- that you
•"' ' have finished f your*apprenticeship" or
',, your studies; that you are'just enter-*
•" - ing. on'life; f ,, / /. '' ' 7, .**.
="* 7 -I'assume' 'that<you have;'a .warm
".'-  heart,'and-for' this reason-" I- talk to
.-.■''--•*.    -   - .. - **■*, -     ** *   .**.,   *_,
■' ■  you. ■ *,"    -,.•-"--'•*.-■,     ■ '    ■
.,-   ., A*, first. quostion,-1 \knbw, •*■ occurs to
, .**.. you—you have often, asked yourself:
''"   ."What'am ,1 going'-to .do?"7' in fact
- ,when a\'nian Is young henmderstands
/;. that'after hayjng studied a trade or
a science'for several;years—at    the
'-*" costtof society, mark—hehas'not done
»thIsYin order that he should "make use
"- * of his acquirements as' Instruments of
plunder"* for * his  own* gain,  aiid  be
.'•    must, be depraved indeed and-utterly
"•■'cankered by vice who has'not dreamed that one day he would apply his
.,• intelligence,  his  abilities,  his;.mow-
ledge to Jbelp "on the enfranchisement
, of those \jwho to-day, grovel in misery
' and. ignorance.' v. ."-'*• -"•*.'.   '
'  ,! J, You, are ,<me\)fi those -who .has had
.*    -a Vision, * are';•• you-'not"? ' Very  well,
, i   let' us see what you must do to make
■.: your dream a" reality.
,'  "■**- I"."assume that you have'"received
'** a scientific*, education.'  . ■',  _   -   - ,
"-   .Let Us suppose you* Intend: to be
-—a""d'octor7"-•"';''*'.,   "    '        ''"".'
\" --   To-morrow a *man' in corduroys will
,' cbme'ito*fetch,you to. see a ."rick'*w6-
■,  man. "He will '* lead , you into [one" of
,. those alleys-where the/opposlte heig_>
'■ -bors- .can .almost ('shake - hands rover
,,,v .the heads of'the passers-by.' . You as-
' 7 cend into a foul atmosphere,'by.'tlie
7 flickering, light of a* little -ill-trimmed
lamp ;'you climb two, three, four five
.   flights of'filthy' stairs," aiid>i_.*;a. dark
, cold room you find the sick' woman,
'., .lying cm a pallet covered with,dirty
•'■  <rags.     Pale,-livid" chil'dren,, shivering under, their scanty garments",-gaze
at you-with their'big.ey'es wide open.
The'husband-has worked all his'life
' .twelve1* or thirteen, hours t. day at, no
"•'-•."matter .what;, now lie^has been''out
of work ..for three; months.  ..,To"be
•' out of employment is' not rare ,in his
trade; It'.happens Every year, perlodi-
callyT. ■ .But1' formerly, when*' he' was
.;'ou..of .work his wife went out.as a
".*   .'charwoman—perhaps7'to ; wash:your
"*   ,** ' shlrts—ripwj'she .has  been. bedridden""
7-, J"- for Uyo fnoriths and'misery* glares on
1 ■   „; tlie family Mn-all its.1 squalid,-hldeous-
t'$'
Hi"
-ness.  ;*- '*._;.*■ - • -y---—-jr**-*:   —yyy
J, What; will, you ' prescribe^ "for- 'this
" sick,woman,-.doctor?*' You' have seen
-at.a glance that,,the cause.of her-'ill--
■ness, is, general anemia,'want of good
, food,, lack of fresh air. 7 Say," a good
beaf steak'' every '"day? .'J" A*.'little. e\-
crclse' ln the country? [ ', A "dry and
.well ventilated-room? y.What irony!
- If she could afford, lt this would have
* been done long* since without waiting
for,your/'advico!. ..'?''.-•-■    ■   \,
If>vyou have a good heart, a frank
address,' an * honest ■ face, the family
•will* tellyou many things',.; Thoy will
' telLyou that the woman oq; tho other
"IT DOESN'T, MAKE
J      'j '  ANY DIFFERENCE."
Those* who.are conducting the case
against, the McNnmarns and the Bridge
nnd, Structural Iron "Workers Union
are,in no way bound1 by the rules under which, oi'dlnnry cases nre conducted
In tlio,very serious, mattor of the kid-
.nnppljig' more laws nnd Individual
rights did not stnnd I'n their way., '
'"' Nelthqr do laws stand ln their way
.while tho chso.is.being workod up.
Tills' hns boon show.n ln tho porsocu-
tion of Mrs, MoManlgnl' and In tho attempt to frighten her Into' compliance
.with tho wlBhOB of the prosecution.
It'Js 'porhaps. a trifling, thing, but
this tact was woll Bhown In tho mattor
of Mrs.,'Mc.Mnnlgal*B trunk, ■ .It, was
Bolzod, or rnthor stolon *'nnd tnko'i to
n gnrago, whoro it, was .opened and
sonvcheiV, Onp of,the attorneys for
tho dofonco vigorously, protostod and
snld:
"You secured that trunk by, Illegal
mothods nnd iyou havo It by no'wnr-
rn.n of lnw."    '
"It doesn't mako any dlfforonco how
wo got It, It's horo," said Josoph Scott,
Assistant District Attornoy,
.This point in vory well brought, out,
nnd shows tho District Attorney Is u
wise nnd knowing mnn. Methods
mako iio dlfforonco, Ways do not
county Whnt tho brisk attorneys of
LoBAngoloB aro nftor, for tho sdko
of tho Manufacturers' Association, aro
results. Thoy bollovo thomsolvos Justified In .resorting to nny vlolonco, In
porpotratlng nny crlmo, in' depriving
thoir oppononts or victims ot ovory
sht'od'of rights, _)o long as a caiio can
ba mado out against tho 'anions,
, This aspect (jf tho affair Is not con-
fiuud to Loa Angolos, it U common
throughout tho United States, . Tho
lopl "servants" of tho pooplo bollovo
thomsolvos safo In carrying out tho
will.of tho oinployors, no mattor how
i.iui.1-.-. tnm may be, lturtr hctiona
■how thnt thoy nro bont, In thla rpattor
on making out a caso againit tho union, nnd fluty will go to any length
to dolt, ' Thoy are not defender* of
tho publtq welfare, aa In theory, thoy
nro anppoMd fo bo, Tlmy aro heneh-
mon of tho employers, soelriny nt evory
turn to' nitslsf, -the omployors In the
bnttlo ngalnst tbo unions, and whon
the omployors nnd tbe detectives cannot frame up a satisfactory ease the
public legal officials atop In and help
tho work alone.
Tho way thoy hav* neled In thn ran*
of Mrs. Manlial Ia aa disgraceful and
contemptible aa anything that has oc-
side [of .the--.partition fwho coughs a
cougb-'whicbt tears'your .heart, is. a
poor'lroner;'that a flight of stairs
lower,,down all'the children*have" the
fever;, that the washerwoman1 who occupies the ground floor*.will riot live to
see the spring; arid that in tbejiouse
next" door, things-are still worse.'.- J
What .will, you say'to all these
people? _ Recommend, them generous
diet/ change of air, less'exhausting
toll?- . ,. ;• You only wish you could
but you daren't, arid" you go out heart
broken with a, curse, on your lips—
The next day'as you-still brood
over the-fate of the'* dwellers in this
dog hutch, your partner tells you that
yesterday a--footman came .to fetch
him,-this time in a carriage. *. It was
foi- the owner, of a fine house,, for a
lady, worn out with sleepless nights,'
who'devotes all her life td dressing,
visits; > balls and squabbles with ;a
stupid husband. Your friend has prescribed fori her a' less preposterous
habit of life, a less heating diet,' walks
in the fresh air; an'even temperament'
and, In order to make up in some"'measure for the want of useful work," a
little gymnastic exercise iri hef'bed-
■    * ** t.       • 'I „ ,
room. -, , ,.■„,;, ■ . • 'J" , •
■' The" one,, is dying-because she has
never had eriough food nor enough
rest'in her whole .life, the other pines
because '.she has never known what
wbfk-is since she.was born. " * ' '. '
' If you are, one" of those miserable
natures who adapt themselves to anything, -who at the sight of the -most
reyoltlng spectacles console ' themselves with a gentle sigh and a* glass of
sherry, then you willgradually become
used to these contrasts,,and the nature of the-beast favoring your endeavors;- your .sole .idea, will be: to
'lift ".yourself' into ".the -.ranks * of the
pleasure-seekers- 'so that you'never
again find yourself among the wretched. But'' if you are; a MAN, • if every
sentiment is translated" in your case
into-an action, of"the will, if m you
the- beast, has "'not'crushed the intelligent being", then you will return home
dne'day'sayingv'to yourself "No, it is
unjust; this must notvgo' on any longer.-1 It Is"-not- enough to,cure diseases
-r-we must.prevent,them." A little
good living.arid intellectual, development would score off our lists half the
patients and half the'diseasesV 'Throw
physic'^to the dogsj   -Air, good; diet,
les,s crusElngloil^tfiaFls'how ;\ye,must
begin'. Jt Without this,Vthe. whole ■ profession" of 'a "doctor "is- nothing' but
trfekery/and*. humbug." -"-*-- 7 -' ,
-. If you apply- to 'the study ,of the
social question the rigid' induction of
the natural;philosopher, you,will end
by finding yourself in ."our ranks, and
you will work as we',work, to bring
about.the Social, Revolution;; ",
.* Let *vus * glance at what* science * has
dono to establish rational foundations
for physical and moral health.
Science tells us how to live ln order
to presorvo the health of our , own
bodies, how to malntnln In. good con
curred. In the development of ,thls
wholo unsavory story. It ls a splendid Illustration of the working of capl-
tallsm when thoso officials, seok to
crush tho wife of the man who ls alleged to bo tho-'chlef witnoss for,the
prosecution. .Evidently'his confession
ls so weak, sd unsatisfactory and so
cortnln to bo knocked out,* that It
has boon found advisable to manufacture a fow moro "confessions," A
well' fnBhloned, cunning corroboration
from tho wife of vthe chlof confessor
would ho a mnstor stroke and tho officials are determined that If. tho wo-
mii'ii wll! not do It for truth's sako
sho'Shall be mndo to do'it because of
fear.
It would bo llko tho^case of th'o
trunk, to rofor back to tlio' significant
words of Scott, It dooB not mako nny
dlfforonco how thoy got it, ns long ns
they do It, Nolthor would It mnko any
dlfforonco If tho wholo thing wob a
premeditated, elaborate Ho spun for
th. purpose of hanging Innocent men,
Anything that will bring conviction Is
desirable and anything, no matter how
unsavory, will bo dono by tho officials.
Thoy bognn tliolr case by committing
vlolonco. Thoy havo continued it by
systematically spreading Hos, Thoy
nro trying to bolstor It up by bullying
a dofoncoloss womnn so that sho will
step 'in tind dofond tho Hob told by
hor husband,.
Of courso, bohlnd tho wholo cano Is
aonornl Otis, nnd his wholo onorgy Is
given to tho ono doslro of smashing
till trndo unions, Doing an honoi-bla
man ho Is willing to .obtain, or to
countotianco tho commission of any
crlmo or vlolonco to accomplish his
PHrposo.—NiOW York Cnll,
Hi  ■	
di tions of existence the crowded "masses of our'populationi: .But does not
all the vast amount.of ,*ivork. done in
these two. directions','remain a '-dead
letter on'our books?' ?,■ We know it
does. Arid why? *' Because sciOrice
to-day exists .only, for'V,?haridful of
privileged persons,' because social inequality which divides society into >.wo,
classes—the wage slaves and * ' the
grabbers of capital—renders aH' its
teachings as to "the 'conditions' of, a
national existence, only* the ..bitterest
irony to nine-tenths" of mankind.   ', ."
It is. now rio, longer a question of
accumulating * scientific truths and
discoveries.** * We need above every-
thbig^to spread the, truths already
mastered by science to make them
part of our daily life, to render them
common property. We have'to order things so that all, so that the mass
of mankind, maybe capable of understanding and applying them; we have
to make science' no longer' a luxury,
but" the foundation of every man's life.
This is what justice demands. Then"
'you will,enjoy "science; that "pleasure
will be a pleasure for all. ,7      .    ,
Finally, you study recent Industrial
advances and you see'.thattbe seamstress has.gained nothing,^absolutely
nothing, ,by the invention of the "sewing machine; '.that-' the lahorer In the
St. Gothard .Tunnnel dies of ankylosis,
notwithstanding diamond drills; that
the mason arid the day laborer,are
out"'of work, just, as befoore" at the
foot of jthe.CHffard lifts. If you discuss 'so.cial problems with the same"
Independence of spirit which has guided . you in your, investigations, you
necessarily come ," to the conclusion
that under the ^domination" of private
property and wage slavery, every new
invention, far,, from increasing the
well-being of,the .worker, only makes'
his slavery heavier,- his labor more degrading,* the' periods of slack work
more frequent,, the crisis sharper, and
that "the *, man t who* already has every
conceivable ■ pleasure for,, himself is
the "only, one ;wlib profits by it.   '
You, 'doctors,,'who have learnt Socialism by a bitter experience, never
weary of-'telling-us to-day, to-morrow,
in season,, and- out of-season," that humanity itself ^hurries'onward""to decay
if mem remain iri",- the present conditions of exl's'tence-and work;' that all
fflHtJ5edi^nLerits^_LUst_he_powerIess
WHERE  THE  CHURCH   PAILS
Should Use Sanctified Common 8ense
In Dealing With Poor
At tho fifty-first Sotitbport Clerical
and Lay Evangelical Conforenco tho
Hov,' 8. Alfred Johnston, rector of 8t.
Qeorio's, Fllrmlnghnm, said tho church
and tho world had drlftod apart mainly
bocauso the church had "attempted
what no eelf-rcspcctlng world would
•ubmlt to—sho had attempted to pa-
troniso. Ilcr dolcu Imd bouu the Ktfl*
of the sup-odor; her viaiU had boen
those Instigated by propagating roal
rathor than auch as wero prompted
by tha sense of fellowship nnd brotherhood, Doth tho ahllllng and the tract
r*v»r-*> «bhorrvs(f by the working man,
Tho church must lead and not follow tho army of social reformers that
against, disease7while*>tlie,m.ajority of
mankind vegetate.in conditions absolutely, contrary "to those which science
tells us are healthful;''conyince the,
people that'it is.the 'CAUSES "of dis-'
ease whicli must be uprooted, and
show us all'what'is necessary to,remove 'them!      ■',  . *    "
Come with your scalpel, ancl dissect
for us with ari unerring hand this'society of ours, hastening to putrefica-
tion.. Tell us what-a rational ■ existence should and might be. - Insist as
true surgeons, that a gangernous limb
must bo amputated when It may poison
the whole body.   "
was,growing year by ,yenr., The re-
crentlons "of the pool*, presented many
.dangers, nnd' largely in connoctlon
with tho publip houso and the social
Intercourse of the streets, The public house was the poor man's. club,
his ,ono opportunity of meeting' and
talking quite unrestrainedly with IiIb
boon companions, . o
Often tho ninn cnmo homo from
work to find tho chlldron crowding
tho common living room, and his
wlfo, perhaps not' tho most cloanly. or
tidy, wonry with n dny's toil. Tho
noiso nnd tho discomfort made tho
brightness of tho neighboring publio
house lrroslstlbly attractive Did thoy
blamo tho man? He did riot, nnd iin-
dor similar clrcnmfltancos ho would
bo found In tlio public house.- The
working mnn had a right to tho bo-
«|nl Intercourse of tho public houso,
Tlioy had no moro right to doprlvo
hlm of his rights' In litis direction tlmn
thoy hnd compulsorlly to empty tho
rich mnn'B wlno collar. To meet tho
ovll thoy>muBt provide counter at-
I motions for, social Intorcot/rso without tho accompanying tonuifntlons,
Agnln, donllng with tho young mon
and girls, ho snld thqir instincts at a
cortnln ngo woro nmoroiiBly Incllnod
townrds onoh othor, Apparently tho
aim of tho church wob to counteract
nature. This sho hnd never yot sue*
cootlod In doing, but by hor totally
unnatural separation of tho sexes she
had drivon them Into the shndy plnces
of anuiflomont or to tho dark cornors
of tho courts nnd alloys whoro ovll
lurked. Young pooplo would moot in
splto' of tho vlcnr'fl nnd his wife's
woll-monnt yot unwiso .efforts to koop
thom npnrt \\r\xV t*b^M the;* r.ci ust
unnotified commrm sonso In thMr donl-
ings with tho poor In thoir roeroa-
tlona.r-DnlIy Mail. ,
populated land. - Iri "the.whole.of Bri-;
tain there are about 300,000 aliens,'of
which Russians: arid Pbles'are * about
a' third, with..Germans a sixth, and
•Americans a"..tenth .of the .-whole."■'-. -
J 7. Many .n.Scotland
- London has by far-'the greatest number, though there are over 20,000 in
Scotland,- mostly miners. Colonies
also exist, In--. Manchester, Liverpool,
Leeds, Cardiff, Sheffield arid Birmingham.   /      V - ^'77   *
In the last few years there has been
a marked decrease in alien" crime,
partly because" alien criminals'are now
liable to be deported. Home Secretary
AVinston'Churqhill stated iri the house
of commons recently that last year
only showed'2271 alien' prisoners .in
British jails', or less than one per cent,
of the total. Curiously enough, ac-,
cording to the- latest available figures,
Americans and Germans put in more
appearance in the dock than' the Russians and Poles put together. The
facts clearly prove that restrictive
laws have "reduced the criminal,, element, so it ls probable further restrictions will be imposed to keep out
the diseased, deformed and vicious.
,Galn to Country
. M. J. Landa, who has made alien
immigration a speciality, is convinced
that any country gains by admlt^ng
healthy and efficient a-ieh citizens,
and he concludes that even overcrowded England, gains 'rather than
loses by it'.. . But ..his-critics point to
the" fact, that the flower of British
youth are going overseas while their
place* is taken by-the dregs of foreign
slums. '-And they contend the census
returns are .illusory, since the alien
Schlesniger has a habit • of becoming
"Sinclair" soon after arrival, and a recent ' notorious criininal,, calling ' himself Morrison was proved to be a Russian" named Morris Stein when he first
landed at Dover.—Calgary Herald.    '
CONVENTION CALL!
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada
Office of the' Secretary-Treasurer, 112
Florence-jjtreet, Ottawa, Ont., July
10th, 1911.:;; '*,*"- ,-   ' .,
To the,Officers and Members.of Provincial, Federations of Labor, Trades
and Labor .Councils. National Trade
Unions,-1" Federal Labor Unions and
International Local Trades   Unions
"in the-^Dominion of Canada; Greeting:—*   , \ ..-'-;        '      .ry   7
Fellow Labor Unionists and Brothers,
The Twenty-seventh Anniial'Session
of the Trades and Labor Congress of
Canada will' convene in Paget Halli
Seventh Avenue,- East Calgary,-Pro-
virice" of. -.Alberta." heginjii-ng.' at --iii
PROOLEM OPItHE ALIEN
still wonnvitvin n.nra.N
—8TRONQER LAWS NEEDED
LONDON, July 8,-EngInrid has
uetm consldombly exorcised about hor
alien population alnoo tho rocont solgo
of tho onst-end' anarchists, who hold
tho polico and troops nt bay. With
tno aid of tho census returna a cal-
culntor haa been working out figures
to show how much London and other
clliea arj affected.
Whilo.there Is nothlnn like the cos-
mopolltamlsm of Now York or, Indeed,
most American cltlea,Jt Is shown that
th* (U.oa, population tn Knfiand la a
aerloua Um, own* lo the proaaure
of competition In an old and thickly
O'clock,', Monday morning, September
Ilth, 1911; arid* will continue in Session
from day to day until the business .of
the Convention * has been completed;11
.This, meeting promises, to be one of
exceptional .interest to'the organized
labor'bodies'of Cana-da because of the
many' important'' matters* that will
come before It for consideration, Each
year has witnessed a wonderful growth
in 'the intricacy and .difficulty of the
problems to be dealt with by the Congress, and the Calgary Convention will
be easily first In this respect. Among
the subjects to be discussed are the
following:
1. Dominion and Provliiclnl Legislation.''
,2. The Immigration, Laws.
3. The Eight Hour 'Bill,     -
■  4. Payment of wnges   on   railways
fortnightly,
' B.(The Winnipeg Street Railway
striko. ..  *
' C Tho' Western Coal-Miners' difficulty, as well an tho strikes in Nova
Scotin.
17. The work of tlio ■ Provliiclnl Federations, notably tlint of British Col-
umbia,
8.. Abolition of Chinese tfix and substitution of hgreement or understanding as with Japan,
0. "Imperial" Lnbor Exchanges,
10. The arrest of McNnmnra.      „   „
11. Non-obsorvnnco of municipal fair
wage clauses ,
12. Tho attompt upon the,part-of
Russia to Bocuro the surrender of Fod-
eronko.
33, Tho Judgment, of tho Unitod Stat-
oss Supromo, Court In the aompors'
enso,
In addition lo thoHo, thoro aro mnny
othor mnttors of vital and ovory-dny
Intorost to tho workorB. ' It ls of lho
utmoBt Importance, thoroforo, thai
ovory affiliated body should bo woll
reprosontod.
Ih summoning Ihls Convontlon, your
Exocutlvo Council cannot too strongly
emphasize tho noeotmlty of n largo
roprosentntlon of delogntOB al Calgary
times nro progressing rind tho Labor
Movement must Imblbo eomo of the
froshnoss and vigor that nnlmnto our
Wostorn brothors, Tho probloms of
tho movomont nro becoming moro complex nnd require tho hont of tho boat
minds, v
Frntornnlly yours,
' .WILLIAM CLOCKLLu,.
■PrpoJflwji
OU8TAVI3 FRANCQ
Vloo-Proaldent
p. m, mtAPion., *
Soorotary-Tronsuror
THv/>ClltlVf> .  (*<1t«f>tt   Trt\/if.n ..« I » -i  ,
Congress of Canadn.
CARTOON, CARICATURE,
OR
WHAT7
In tho days of, our childhood wo
used to draw pictures ot horses and
wrlto undorneath, "Thla la a horse."
lost it might be mistaken for nomo
unknown and undnsRlfled animal, A
similar thought mutt have actuatod tho
cartoonist (!) of tho Victoria pally
Times, when drawing what purports
to bo a resemblance of W. U. Ross,
aa It it so labelled, otherwise we would'
not have recognised for whnt It wns
Intended.     Boo Issue, Friday, July 7.
ARRESTING
MINERS TD
ILL STRIKE
-DENVER,. Col.,-July 8—The arrest
of unibp! miners,' and their haling before Judge Greely,Whitford on charges
If violating • the injunction issued by
Whitford last fall, are slrnply moves
taken by the Northern Coal and Coke
Company to break up the strike which
has been'in force since April, 1910,.is
the answer of the miners.       *
The law; forbidding the importation
of strike breakers, passed liy the last
general assembly, will make it., difficult foi- the mine owners to bring In
men from the other states as they did
all last winter. " *
* The strikebreakers' who. were at.
work all the winter, and through the
spring have left because there has
been.but little work for them in May
and June. •  -.
This, the union men .believe is at
the bottom of the revival of the injunction. ' .. .
( Eleven'men are now out on bail.
. Warants are now out for the arrest
of Aritone Kosonls, John Newcomb.
George Bogdonas and Kas Gardjurgls
In all likelihood other arrests' will
fi-Ilcw. ' Tne statements of the.miners
and - the city .officials ■ of,. Lafayette,
row awaiting trial,- seem:, to'5 bear out
the theory that the arrests are mnde
simply to break up the long drawn and
resolute battle of the m .ers for iu-
croase'd wages and better vrorkhiK '.-on-
ditions— Chicago" Dally Socialist. ■
FREE BATHS IN THE
.   BEER CITY FAMOUS
'Goodness gracious! What's going
to happen? y Those visionary Socialists of Milwaukee are actually going
.to.alhnvthe river to be used for" bathing , purposes! -'- Instruction's will be
furnished free. Such paternalism will
destroy the .incentive of the individual!
We don't know what* puarticular in-
centive,.unless it be to drown. Again,
the very idea" of the "great unwashed"'
taking- a, bath! * -It shocks 'our delicate sensibilities. The worst.feature
of,"this, unheard of departure'is that
heretofore, we have so loudly.proclaimed against these Socialists not having
a "practical" idea that we dislike to
feeli that  * we * have' erred7    Would
strongly urge the importance of getting
out/an injunction against thes'-disturbers' of established order." * They
may/ next determine-that only pure
foods'shall be supplied, habitable dwel
lings-rented,.and*no end of other "anarchistic'!, notions may be adopted. In
the'-words of'the typewriter's slogan;
"Now is'the time for all good men
to come to* the aid of the party,"' or
Infanticide cease, because of the mortality Stable ,show a decrease, unemployment become more Intense, and
then, in'order to provide employment,
somo radical legislature be enacted
that,*' Involving' even those, who like
myself, are known generally as —- A
GENTLEMAN OP LEISURE.  '
MEN
OF 8LAVERY GIRD
FOR
BATTLE
Men of'slavery, gird for battlo,
You have glorious work, Io do,
Proletariats, wealth producers,    *
Heroes steadfast, brave* nnd truo,
Let no false star guide your footstopn,
Falter not at Freedom's,call, '*,
High your sinndard floats ahovo you,
Plant It on tho oui or wall,
Mon of shivery, gird for battle,
Not wllh sword In bloody strlfo,
Hut with UNION as your armor,
Healing wounds nnd shielding life.
Strike llio foo, but not with rapier,
IlullotH aro but. thoughts In load,
Swords nnd sabres nre not needed
'Neath tho glorious flag of rod.'
Mon or Hlnvory, gird for bnttlo,
Follow straight whero duty loads:
Valor rostB not. ln loud clamor,
Freedom's sword  Ih  starr'od with
doods,
Evory rood of land calls to you,
Tongu'd  with  wrong's dcop bllt-ur
wnll,
Memories of so many coiiturloB
Break In blood within your vnlo.
Men of slavery, gird for battlo,
Sncrod Is your flng and causo,
Lovo of klndrod, morey, Justice—
Thoso o'or top nil ninn-mndo Iowb,
Heaven hath placo for evory horo
Clad In armor wrought In light,
Loading men from chnlns nnd serfdom
To llio helghlB or Truth and Hlghl.
Mon of slnvory, gird for battlo,
'•A ui ku.« ul uio world unite
TbJj-h nf how you mo vwlulUil,
.loin us In this noble fight.
Fill tlio ranks nnd nyo press forward,
Soclnlism now doth point tho way,
And Iho dnrkost cloudB lmvo vanished,
A.. ,.*.* »..^,<v.*v. i>if,iit*» tl.u dft>,
HENRY GOSOIIOVK,
, ., Fornio, IJ.O.
ial Excursion
To Creston
i
t
i
'■■■■'.*■     ■ '*    7 '."    :-" ■.•■'!.■
^   ■ ^ _■
fDate will be announced   ^ .
later—so watch for it.
Visiting' the entire district
See before you buy. Write
me for full particulars.
a. *
" Dig in  the  ground  for a
, livelihood, you'll be under
*        *  soon enough J    Five acres
,    titivated, will, prolong life
and provide a competence
for old age. •
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
'. each, easily cleared, Burton
City, welllocated and water
Joe Grafton
Fernie
B.C.
To send money anywhere in Canada, or .the United
States, take out'a Money Order through tho'Home Bank.,
: Registration at t!jo Post Office is not then necessary.
This is a safe method. The Home Bank will give you
a receipt for the Money Order, ■wliich is a guarantee
that the amount will be paid to tho'person, or firm,*-you
direct.   The Homo Bank's rates for Money Orders are:
To Bond less than |5   3cU.
"     over | 5. and not over $10 ,....  6„",
i.        '..   n0j   ..     ,.    ..    jjjo J 10   „
"        ,"   |30,   "        |50 IS   "
Head Office,  Toronto
Branches and connections throughout Canada
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Pernio
Capital   Paid   Up    $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets  ,', 40,000,000
Tho nvorngo mnn m* womnn seldom
dovclopH tlio hnbll of anvliifl* until a
SnvliigH Account. Iiiih* Ijooh oponod.
Tho poHBOBHlon of such nn nccount
nets iih tin Incentive — your nnturnl
desire to kco the fund Brow ..ucoui*.
iib(>8 llinl tonrt'-nc-y to thrift so neco*.
miry lo mipcpsfl. No mnttor how littlo
you cnn nffonl to lny iibUIo from tl.o
weekly wcirg, open n Savings Account
In tho Hnuk of Hnmllton.,
-_
"111
Hend Office:
HAMILTON
ALDERMAN UNSEATED TOR
SUPPLYING MATERIALS
TO CITV CONTRACTOR
Upon a motion made imfnre thr.
Mast-pr In Chnmbors nl Toronto, for
an order sottlnir ftnldo tho oloctlon ot
rospondont (Moman) an alderman of
the city of Nlnwra Falls, tho follow.
In* Judgment waa Riven on Many 23
laiL On Octobor 19, 1010, a confrflct
•was awnrdod to Mr. Ferrla for the
nroctlon of n flro hnll In.tho city of
NliiKnrn F'alls. to cost 15,000.     The
work whh Irikuii Hhorily thoronftor,
but Is not yot flnlHhcd. The rulutor
(Blulor) chnr«OH thnl tho roapondont
Iiiih, nn woll boforo iih hIik'o tho oloctlon In Jnnunry InHt, furnlHhod nuppl*
lea nnd iiuilcrlul to Hie contractor, nnd
thnt ho hna thoroby vncnied lilt, hoik
na nldurmnn. In lho fnco of all tho
ovidoneo na to roaponilont fumlshln*.
doorui bricks, otc, It Ih difficult to
hoo why llotnnn, lho roapomlonl, who
wna proHont, wna nol called to rIvo
otiuvlitu in -t'AplHIi.t.luii, <ja|i.;(;lii|/y to
'iiicJj :i ui)Uin..,l]\t- hil ui, llm ut llu-
mnn'a nnmo belri/y on tho door*fi..m<.>.s,
tnkon In conjunction with thn numer-
oiih bill* of mntorlnln, nil mndo out
to   hlm,   nnrt receipted   nH   pnld by
vi...      r   .1 .     • a    ,   , , ...
•        •    v..<w.vkV_.V,    ,\,\.t    UU'utl    IO    itOlU
thnt tho relator hns glvon aufflclont
proof of hiH nlleKntlona, and thnt tho
motion to havo tho ronpondont un-
aented must lio nllowo-l wllh ensts.
Thla decision hna since boon appealtxl
a-.alnst.-~I^nbor Onxotto for June.
Tlio Allw-rtn f!ow>mm'-»nf would do
woll to act on tho rldor* attached to
tho verdict In tho nollovuo d.atutcr.
Theaa rldora urjtod an Increaae of In*
apwitlon; tho «tnulpment ol a rescuo
station In that tMtlon on the line*
adopts by Iht* llrltlnh Cnhmbte
Oovornmcinl, the wjulpmont of mlnas
wllh t.-*!opha*n<<H; nn tiivontlnntlon -jf
Ui* mearni of proventhiK caves and
their roHiillH, Tho IiihI rldor wna
not lho lonst Iniporinut In ihnt il
IKilntnd io noKliKoiKiO on lho pnrt of
both op.-riitom and oinployooa In ob-
anrvnnro of llu; MIiioh Itogillntjon Act,
und iirKoil (lie atrlcl onforroinont cf
lho lnw. Tho II. C. Mining nnd Kn*
Klner-rlmr JU'cord,
(I'M.—"IntroiiBO of Inspocllon," wo
would trnnalnto "thoroURhnoiw of In*
apoctlon," failiiro to do ho should menn
lho Immodlntn dlamlsMnl of thr* imiltv
ono, olhorwlso Rovornnuintnl "Inapcr
tion" (alo) bocomoH not only fnrolonl,
bin Hhould a dlmiator hnppen afterwards contributory nogllgonco can
conalalontly bo charRod nRnlnHt tho
authorities.)
LAME  BACK
To have a lame buck or p.ilnful
atltches moans Dlsordored Kidneys,
und thc uiunur you hiivo Ihu Kidneys
and Illaddur in a perfectly healthy con*
dltlon th© iiooner you will enjoy life.
Ah fnr na w« know, thoro I* only ono
remedy, that la gtiaranteod to euro you,
and that la FlO PJM.S. If thoy don't
mnJco yotr a strong, li-unllliy dvinuu lu
two weeks, j-our money win |i0 ro-
Vimdi'd. Al nil denlera, 2r.c. per lwx,
or Tho FIR Fill Co.. fit. Thomaa, Ont.
BUi| ,"=?_
__ _».  l.>.| ,piMU»1 tmll-MA, . -   .
#-
■':   -**'.. --^iC ..
'*-".•*«"'.
.-
_ ..      .'    . _.. IIIIII.,,,,,       .   |T|M|,||I___»___M1      ,1 I     I    Ll     I   I II        I     I ..., .     I
,. -V-..-**VS-*"*f; S*:-; t-j,_ -5S*2}'*._-*1 (•- *-*.>,:.• fr;-*-***"**** «,.>;■ .*=•_. .;■    ■&, ■-<*;'
--   .,., - *-i -..,■*- {*.*■. -".*   .- i   , --   _ . -*•- .*,_-.".v     ..-..■"■*_, •!-.-
,~**:-"t?t-3ij.-*,•*■**•*• ■*;*.,r^y-r^j^^-py;'-°yy~vs
'"•' : .* "rC \V ,.' ?7J7',."-"_ '•*•?.-■■*" "•'■-*?'",.' .,",''<*''_'•"" ^j-';_."*•" *;\-*7.*-   "^p*?*^
"*_•-" '.,<* ,-"7 -",..,* *"_" -   . --'-  '-V**' _ '.y '-** -'•'.. -'7-';";, . '■'"-,',   i: .   !,-*
.-.-"v ,'-'-7'v7-.* -j^r--■-;•*.?■•■_■_■_ -,.• •«* .:>.,-_,r-.■.•*-*.*•■
•_■'.-
V*.
m
PAGE POUE
THE" DBBTWCT LEDGER, FERHIE,; B. C.f JULY 15,1911.
■*.
I   I!
©ft* Miititl fi*H*x
Published every Saturday-horning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C. . Subscription $1100
. per . year in advance.  , An excellent advertising
•  medium.' Largest circulation in the District.   Advertising, rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
'*, for the execution of all kinds of book, job..,and
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
1  Address all communications.to The District Ledger.
■ '■{-*. «    -J. W. BENNETT, Editor. '""
.'..    . -. *.-.■•
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No. 380
THE FARMER, THE TARIFF, AND MODERN
'   ■ MACHINERY.
'"■p IIE Morning Albertan, commenting editorially
•**■■ , upon the, small number of people who had attended Borden's meetings, states that'"The farmers
of Alberta have too much business sense   to   be
dra-vvn away from self-interests bv declarations in
favor of boards to adjust tariff and frantic waving
of the old flag." '   They are moved .(mark ye) riot
, '.by patriotism, tlie last refuge of the scoundrel, according to Dr. Johnson* not, because of any fear of
the annexation bogey, not .because of any philan
-tliropie buncombe of wishing to* nee the millions
'. well fed* but by "self-interests." . ,■.,-'
'Just so lt    On 'the other, hand, those who oppose
Reciprocity do so because they likewise fear its effect upon their self-interest.    AVe admire candor—
" it is refreshing, because rare.
The farming class,'having'to. compete-,   in    the
world's market without any "saving restrictions on
what they' produce;-therefore wish'the same rule to
apply on what'they use.  '•'.,',' ,        .
.    . .Several-years ago a, Detroit daily gave prizes to
the-best essays on '.What a Farmer Needs to Know."
',  The winner df the second prize said: "All that a
. farmer' needs to know is the way to market and the
* way home again, because' the priee of his products
is fixed for him. and for the articles he, buys he
- must pay the*fixed price also."
The farmer who works alone never makes a fortune by the sweat of his'own brow, but he*may
make a comfortable'competence for,his, old ,age,
* .provided he is able to make*use of the labors of his
wife and children, tlieir,-'wages", to consist of food
. - and such clothing as may be found in the,catalogues
' ,of .department houses,as "farmer'," specials: He
. has, however, one" advantage'oyer'the wage earner,
, and tliat is lie possesses the title deeds to a steady
j°b..        . ' ••   .,__.'   . "       _ ,.   ,''..
, There are men, who have started life as farmers.
that have become, well-to-do -but invariably it will
be. found, that it is riot by their individual effort,
but by the sale of their land at increased" prices,
*.  'eailscd, as the single taxers term it by "unearned
' increment," or in some instances by' a practice of
, skimping have succeeded in saving "enough, to "enable, them to exploit others! :
1 -The farmer, .life everybody else, determines his
actions in acordance with what he, thinks wi" best
" promote his self-interest, to do otherwise would be
foolish. 'Farming is thc one industry which has _iot
••.yot reached the stage of development'thai obtains
i'i manufacturing and trarisp*. i'l.,*. tion   biit Hint il
w'n soon follow, in the same jj.*:j-. is cvidem-f-d by lh*>
i-ilroduction of cultivation on a lnrjsu sc-ile with ils
• 2.* skflin-ploughs drawn by the nu»,y hors-.p-nv-**'
steam engino, its 3500 lb. roller pulverher. find
other modern scientific agricultural implements.
These cost .large sums of money, and will place
tho man with his 12 inche gang plows, horse-drawn,
in a similar comparison to'that of the* old stage
coach with tbo Imperial Limited Express. '
MICHEL AND ITS WATER SUPPLY
/"\ NE of the most fertile sources of fever is re-
^ cognized to be polluted water. Attention hns
finite frequently been called to thc lack of sanitation in Michel the seepage'from the dwellings percolating the earth and emptying into the river, tho
wntor from which is used for drinking purposes,
This would seem to be thc worst that could Imp-
pen. but.it isn't, ns now tlio wtvti .«s nro receiving
nnotlior admixture of matter resulting from the
hydranlieking of conl al Corbin giving tho wnter
,nn inky color and a distinctive flavor. The nu-
lliorilics aro to be nol ifi. 1 forthwith, and iiiii'ii.-
<li«t.o stops should bo (liken to abnto tho iiuiwmop,
-ilml likewise remove ns fnr ns scientifically possible
Jlio dangers of infectious disensos,
That groat bodios move slowly is axiomnlic
hut all bodies Unit do move slowly are' not grout.
Tlioro may bo oxooplions lo IIiIn rulo, if .so wo hopo
it may bo exemplified iu Iho instance under eon*
sideralin/i,
Tho children of Miehel go In school and ro-i-l
about donieslio hygiono, whilo within sight of Uic
building is a germ laden si roam.     'What eonsi.
tcnoy!
to  apply to the Salvation Array. ...shows a' keen
sense "of discrimination which lets tlie cat out of the
bag* ■.._/.•''■' ' ■-.   ' Y Y'Y'Y. Y  '■''
.-"What hasbecome.of those' squawkers about" class
legislation" so insistently "shouted oii.Nvhen".there is
any. discussion iri'.the legislative ..assemblies upon
labor questions? .     '7;,7,SvV   7.7'." 7 7
^ tf ■   *, \ ,* ?-,•-'  *. r    --*
• The retort discourteous .may-be uttered-:" Why
not hireahall?'-' To which,we make* reply* "It
is not necessary, the 'street is a public thoroughfare
and if one man or: one.institution is allowed to
speak or hold-.services thereof whether for the discussion of the beauties of the bright arid happy im-
kuown land or the ugliness-of the, dismal arid unhappy here and now, then none can be equitably
denied the use . * '''',,'■
, ln the Old Country, where, by, the'way, traffic
of most towns-is somewhat'heavier than'that": of
Baker Street, even on a busy day, speakers'are not
molested, but should any block of the traffic occur
it is relieved, riot by the removal of the* speaker,
but by the .policeman courteously requesting the
bystanders so to disperse themselves as to. enable
the channel of transit to be open "wide enough to
allow,pedestrians or vehicles, as the. ease'may be,
to pass along. This -of. course, does* not apply-to
Fleet Street br the Strand.    =**■ -"      *';
Quite frequently'these street gatherings are preliminary to a meeting to be, held indoors and the
invitation is more likely to be responded to when
given thus direct than through the medium of handbill distribution. ' .      .7    , ** ■ , ' •
If ,the' city fathers feel that .their paternal protection1" is essential for the safeguarding of.,tlie
electorate (like those of Lancaster already cited)
then let them come out boldly and. state specifically
against whom'their ordinance'is, directed and not
hide their light (!) under a bushel of pretexts about
blocking the sidewalk. We iiope the Salvation
Army may continue to use the,highways and byways for their exhortations, but at the same.time
if any others allow • themselves to be suppressed
while conducting orderly meetings they deserve tp
be quashed, but we do not'anticipate the by-law
will have,any deterrent effect. ".']
Tliere is a, principle involved;.-and should anv
disturbance arise it isthc duty of the policeman to
see that the peace is kept, but not by any high handed tactless attempt to apply a gag law. Discrimination is not.tolerant, nor do we expect it.will be
tolerated, regardless -of any hair-splitting distinction of the Nelson eity fathers".*
a .A'.FEW COLD FACTS
STP.EET SPEAKING IIT NELSON
-npIl'K residents of the beautiful city of Nol*'*..!
*■    who revere tlie good old d-iys of our gr.uid-
fiithers and bemoan thoir disappearance from tho
l-l,l„\,',     l,f     tl,   ,Jl.vV      l.,»tM*l'W,« (.'.W.M..J «MllfM.M*!ll.lt|,
Ihemsflves upon the,, possession of a council ..mily
cut il led lo a niche in tho Thill of Fame. •'Fossil Do-
partment),* alongside the School of Trustee., nf
Lancaster. Ohio, of 182^, who were perfectly willing lo allow the use of thc school buildinu for various purposes, hul spoeil'i.-nlly prohibited them i'or
the discu. .don of such MtbjM:. as railway:, and tele
graphs, because,* tlioy were schemes of His Sutymt.**
Mnjesty.
A by-law has been passo.I to .regulate str-ot speaking nnd H*i« undoubtedly i«< mimed txi lh*> t-o-iij* Iwiis
'iraf'ir*-- who di**'''ii-"',' ■• -onornii** • nFijo.-'f*, Thoy timy
deny this hut the naive (Note to Op.—Don't spcli
Ibis with 11 "K") ioltiii*.io!i ihnl il is not iuteiiil«'il
TTTE "are;-pleased to note'.that,'the" Fernie Free
"-"-Press* does not consider that &90 is a munifi-
non r__rptnrn_.Tni____i _m o" 1 li.'a_l al ,ni>_*in_*fl_ __.____-,_ r, /_«. X.n._
we'assure, our co-tem»that, he. pays us a tribute
which'we'must decline-to ;accept in charging (us
with' being guilty of humanitarianism.'., There is
one slight omission that may have been inadvertently made or not (we arc inclined to' the negative),
and that is he conveniently limits his criticism to
the $90 man, entirely ignoring the large percentage
of those we dealt with who average less than $60
We have'no false notions regarding either party.
The .operators' hearts are not bubbling over with
any mawkish -sentimentality, and if an individual's
pay envelope contnins 90 or more dollars it is
because he has not only earned that amount for
himself, but also n surplus value for the'employer.
The remark lias quite frequently been made in our
hearing Ihnt it is,not right (!), that'the company
should have so mnny men on the pay'roll when by
having a lessor numbor thero would be more steady
work with,corresponding avorago increase per mnn.
"We do not so regard thc compnnics action with any
metaphysical "right'! or "wrong" ideas. They are
engaged in the coal mining industry"for the profit
llioy can get out of it. At an time, they may receive orders for larger quantities than usual provided they give.prompt delivery, To effect this without loss accruing in thom a reserve contingent of
workers is necessary. Again, although there aro
many who will*deny the existence of n struggle
between employers and men thoy readily accept 1lio
belief that it is to tho companies' interests to keep
tho men in finnnei.il straits .otherwise thoy might
bocomo, too independent nnd make unreasonable (P
demands, This mny not sound nice nor do wo so
regard it, hul look thc situation full in the fnco
and state facts tlmt are self-evident,
" Wo likewise rnnli/.o that given tho opportunity
lho workers will mnko. demands Hint nro unreason-
nblo (!) viewed from the standard of the em-
plnyer, but in both onses (he reasonableness (!) or
unroasonnblonoss'(!) is determined hy the power
behind.
These conflicts nro goipg on wherever commercialism holds sway, as is clearly shown Hint, iu nd-
dit ion to the coal striko nffccling the immediate
vicinity wo have llio strike in tho building trades
in Vancouver- the Structural Ilridgc Workers on
lhe railroads! an expected strike of lhe O. V, ]{.
nmchiiiists is report od from Winnipeg; Brewery
workers in Winnipeg are reported to hnve quit
vy-irk, To cuinuernle all lhe existing strikes iu the
DO YOU KNOW HIM?
Wanteil Xq ]mow Uio whoronliouu of
one John Shono, ano 40 years; IioIrIH
5 foot 7 Inchos; complexion ilnrk. Lust,
hoard from In Alnskn, wan fit Hint lime
tlilnWnu of koIiib to WnflhlnRlon, U. S.
A„ or ll, C„ Ciiiimln, but linn not
boon lienrd from since.
■*r l        < . • ■'
i|...    n/ii  ,,......  •>!»•• < .        ..I...H in ,*,.li , j      ....).!,.,.   Am.v11.iff      .Up     *«.llt)K'il(fOU(__
',.■}, IJ.*   '.m'.h.s.'v .'.>,* J..._■.>'/>/], IJ,,,* nWk ,._■..}  y"^\<y»y 'Mlhvhy uMuKhihwii-
yard    employe**, and the tobacco   warcliouscnn:ii;
Wales, Hu* coal mim,- workers 1 Hamburg, (■..•rimmy,
thn stevedores;   Christiana; Norway, Ifi.OOO   mino
„.....■....„„ 1 „,... i
11
,,......,
-•-_*'
fili. Railwai
■-,7_>r v.*"*: ..*:.*,   . ...';w .V"-1. "".        -«/'-
Short^roate to B. C.;r Coast oyer
Cascade|rMpuntains \ih daylight
_ _
Latest: trains1 to'. East crossing the' Rockies
: and skirting Mississippi river bety/een   "  >
St.Paul and. Chicago in daylight-' '■* ■'.*.
Train leaves Rernie at L15 daily
** *       ,■*-,-     ■■ ' *    s
(Southbound) except Sunday
J. S. .THOMPSON
Phone No. 161 .   r a P. O. Box 305
Special Saturday rate Fernie to Elko, 85c, good "returning Monday'
MAN WHO SLUGGED
STRIKERS  PUNISHED
An Instance of How Milwaukee Socialists Serve Working Class     -
* *  By Oscar Rademaker'   .'«.'. .
MIL\VAUKBE, Wis.—The .slugging
of strikers is promptly arid duly punish
ed.by'the Socialist administration of
Milwaukee. Just recently the District
Attorney prosecuted effectively a nonunion 'man for assaulting a union picket of the local Cigar Makers Union.
■ In every respect the Socialists serve
the working class'.'* ,_, On their behalf
the *City Council"-appropriated $10,-
,000 for'the use of the Anti-Tuberolcsis
Commission,, and passed an ordinance
prohibiting the-use' of the.common
drinking cup in public places. The
city needs a.municipal electric lighting plant ,and the' Socialists -voted an
appropriation" 'of- $6,000 ' for preliminary work..- This lighting plant would
have been "furnished* long-ago were it
not for -the numerous injunctions
issued.against the-city administration
by capitalist;judges:- Who are the
genuine friends of the public schools?
Socialists. „ And -they voted for ' an
issue of $47,6o6 of.school bonds,
Likewise are our/public"'servants
active in- the-county.-administration.
Supervisor Heiising (Socialist) lately
introdyced' a/resolution in_the_C.ount_
Board"instructing"-"the" District Attorney to, prosecute1'".former County
Clerks ■ for embezzlement of public
money. - Supervisor-Heath (Socialist)
introduced, a Resolution .calling on the
District AtCorneyto give an opinion as
to the legality of-1,tho County Board
giving financial aid, to impoverished
families unable- to -provide* for, their
children Instead as heretofore- depriving the parents of thei-1 children
by sending -them to the Home of Dependent Children, a-place naturally
void of loving care. This resolution
is a slnp at .those liars or Ignoramuses who constantly cry that the Socialists' Avant to disrupt the family.
SioclnllBts will mako tho Ccuniy Prison , ii placo of correction instead of
punishment. The County Board hns
accordingly bought a lnrgo fnrm whore
offendors will bo out In tlio opon air
raising vegetables, etc, for tliolr own
consumption. Tho prisoners will bo
segrognted according to thor degrees.
So everything Is moving ln Mllwaulwo
towards a bottor and more plonsnnt
city for nil concernod.—N. Y, Cnll.
WORLD-WIDE STEEL '
TRUST WA8 FORMED
BRUSSlflL, July 1l..*-Dologntos at
tlio conforonco of stool,mon concluded
their IniHlnoBs tlio olhor day by tlio organization of a commlttoo of thirty,
with Judgo dray nH chnlrmon, to por
foct a plnn for nn Intornnllonnl nsuo*
elation of stool mon, and thon adjourn-
oil, Thoro wan no Intimation among
tlio doIogatoH ns to whom Uio commlttoo
would rnoot^ to prosont Its flnnl roport, but It la Iho gonornl opinion Hint
It will he Into In tho fnll boforo tlio
stop In tlio Brent romblnntlon will bo
tnkon. Clrny nnld tlmt tho conforonco
has boon n pronounced buccosb nnd ho
fools Hint n long stop linB boon tnkon
lownrds n common world codo of fooling nnd pron! Ico on tlm Htool ItidiiHlry.
Dutch Companies of the. Orient, controlled' by the Rothschilds, the; Standard Oil- announces that Jt woiild 'es-,
tabltsh the largest station of the kind
on the Pacific* coast immediatefy' adjoining the ground''taken'"by the foreigners. ' Tlie". Standard 'Is to. spent
$1,000,000" extending- its. facilities for
handling the Northwest" business'.'Both
sides admit, that','the new Katalla,
Alaska, oil fields, where the Standard
has contracted to purchase 100,000 bar
rels of gasoline-producing oil as .soon
as it can, be" shipped, have a most-important bearing on, th©-future of the
oil business, and-both .are seeking
advantageous locations for? handling
the new product.—Pacific N." W. Service." k: '--;/' 7' ■'''.'.
~ (Ed.—For a-'"busted"'concern like
the Standard Oil Co. the, above notice
of expenditure involves' a snug sum.
Why' not make a gentleman's' agree*
n:'<>nt,and divide up the world between
tliem, like'1- the American Tobacco
Trust did with the British"? But then
' Competition is the life of. Trade.'
Eh!)       ',' v '. ;
LIVING-ON 'OTHER' .       ,   '7
*'\     > - PEOPLE'S  MONEY
'A* man known . as .-Sir David..'Doo-
naught wascharged with having lived
for* thirty years p_n_w_ealth"7whicli7lie.
did nothing to'produce.v. y •",'■• " - *
-Magistrate—This is,a serious charge
Prisoner—I-fail to see it,"sir.    ' ,
, Magistrate—Do you' plead guilty?
Prisoner—No,'sir. ' ,'.''.
Magistrate—How  did you come-to
have-;wealth?.'' -"      ,    • -'   '
. Prisoner—I   Inherited   it from  my
father.   ■    ' :
i     *..       * - *
Magistrale-r-How much did. you' In*
herlt?        . , .     .,' .     '
Pi'Isoner~£20,000 -.sir.'
Magistrate—You say you have "lived
on that? , . ,' '    .,•
Prisoner—Yes, sir,'     ' -
Magistral-!!—What Is youi* cost ,of
living?
Prisoner—JC 1,000 a year,' sir. '    "
Magistrate—Then it must lmvo taken ,C 30,000 lo cover your cost of living
for thirty years?
PrlBonor—Yos, sir. *
Maglslralo — Have you workod nny
during that tlmo?
Prisoner (Indlgnnntly)— No, sir.
Magistrate—Thon you must bo .C10,-
000 In debt? '■    ■
Prlsonor—No, sir; I'm a rich man,
Mugistrnlo—Tlint Booms strange,
You commenced with ,C 20,000; you
producod nothing; you lmvo spout
£30,000 and you nr*o still rich. Will
you kindly oxplnln?
1'rl'aonor—I hnvo no oxplnnntlon, to
glvo othor than I linvo lived on my
monoy, ,
Mnglutrnto—How.miicli do you still
possess?   -
Prlsonor—20,000, air.
Magistrate—-Exnctly tho nmount you
had thirty yonrs ngo?
Prisoner—Yos, sir.
Mnglstrnto—And In tho Intorvnl you
hnvo producod nothing?
PrlBonoi'—No, Blr.
MiiRlBlrnto—And you hnvo spoilt
•C 30,000.
, MnglBlrnlo—Tlion T find It rlonrly
proven Hint you lmvo dofrimdod tha
community lo llio iixlont, of ,C30,000,
Your Inlo nbout living on your monoy,
nnd still poHHCHsIng your monoy, mny
bo good onough for tlio working clnsH
ob,'but It won't go down with uh, It
ist tpiito clonr to us that you'vo boen
living on that whicli others produced,
nnd thnt you lmve not spent n slnglo
popny of your own monoy, flontonco
tioforrod.-— V, M. W. A.'Journnl.
r..ii
Xr   ,1..     t      ,   ,,l
Hon   to  Mr.  Thomas  8honp, Xo.  3.
8prlng flnrd _is, Philadelphia Poncol
HouHfH, Cn. n-irhnm, Knglntiil, or Mr,
n. J. Mttlo, p. o. Ilox* 22 . Nnnnlmo,
■n r>
Those nnjlhut u fmv of llio fimtnwi-H of tin. mnny
h<]uh1)I)1ps tlinl nro in proffi-pBH, nil indicntivp of ,in
inu-PHt tlmt iiiKtciul of nhntinu is very likely to pom-
timip. nltlioiiRli toinpornry tnicoH mny ltp pntclicd
up in «potn. Hi. root ctxxino ..inninlnv fircpliifloK Hip
poMsiliilit'y of n pormnnpnt penco.
IllHtl'Ul.1  uf fdllilwlllK tlw. tiU'lil.'.'*. of UU! listl'it'Il  ii
liolioo\'efl. every sini?lo individiml to inv-ratiij.Ati'*,
!>f-funsp Ui-r-rp i.s no t piling whp ivill he wM in\v_v_l
iiml wo mii?ht n.«. woll mak-* up our mimls, now niul
■r-M*--,. fnr*}!*n*r promifttinsitiftn, \ht>\ lit-, tv* rax, ht- no
Tho good (iod hns given you two
cars nnd onr* nioiilh, tn which lio has
shown groat window; thorofor-n, honr
twico u» much ax you spcnk.—Op.
A OUSTED CONCERN
All the f'.t.tfi_* Const Is wnlihltig
prvparntloni. for tho Impondlng slmg-
»)» tx_*--w..f. .'jo fiockof_k.« *nd the
HothirhllrU f,-,r the oil bu»Inca* of
lhe weatetn *i_ii_v». Following Ihe
ptirchMe of ground 'for a Utgo din-
j pca(,c .<] .otis iu one tui*>.'i i,» rauiii'vl uy tUo. utlwc .H»«tfnn. .,.,,      . *_, ,      , n
p1«si.   Thpy wlio commit tlio roMmry arp no morpjhy the Asian,* oil fvjmpnnr. which!
.      f'tlfl 1l,!ll,ll,      fl.'ll,       __,.__!,,      'It'll,1      t\.t,*111 I .        _f tlu      ,t,A.      A.!....,,       . ....... ,v. ■■      ■_    ._...!
HanwiM*' thnn (•«m« who pprmirit
in the c-oi.il ._,,(...- for tho Blu-ll Uo>»l
iloyal
TT        A 1
■ ("fc,      ML.       A***. ■
JPLUtCl
Stanley St.  -  Nelson
' Bant Family nnd Working man's
Hotel In City; n.ei.!y turnlahnd
room* wllh Bath, Oedi, SOc.
«aeh. miata, 35_
i i
A Union Housfe
Ptip., J. S. D AH RATT
t he '<q m^M^imm
yiiyWi-00MMRm
:.   *-
5aV'-„-
SIR EDMUND WALKER,;C.V.O.,"LLD.; D.C.L., PRE8IDENT.
■'*   , <    ^ -ALEXANDER .CAIRO; General Manaqer  * £   - y-
^y
CAPITAL; r $10,000,000
,rest;.:$7,ooo,o6o
THE SAYINGS; BANK DEPARTMENT.,',
■ < -     >   *     ir    '■■      * '    \.- ^ '     ' 1a_ ■»■■    *   _i   'v '     '»" ' \t, i        _-;    i•^'-v-.  , .\-> •, ,     \ v'
of The Canadian Bank of Commerce •A'iH; receive 'deposits, of f$i,;and    ^,-
i upwards,, on which' interest is allowed.at current rates.. There is no:. .7.7,
delay; in withdrawing, the whole or. any portion of the. deposit?*' Small -.'"   ;',?
deposits are welcomed,     y.yry . ->-'*   ,7 ,''. -7'^  -"-' s.> f'*- ";234>','' - V1,
' \ Accounts^rriay be opened in the name, of ,t*wo*6r" more personsj'to be y\'
operatedby any one of the number or by thevsurvivor.; A joint account.', •' ■
', of this kind .aves expense in establishing the "ownership ,of the" money;-' ;  ;
after death, and is especially .useful when a man desires to provide, for  .
his wife,' or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death."       i_,
FERNIE  BRANCH   "V * ." 7    '      "l L.  A. S."DACK,  Manager. ;     '
i.'-j
t _
•
8
STOVES! STOVES!
i        '   V'*   ■"",      *;'        * **  '- .■  ',*      i^i *■ " ■
Airtights,  Coal  Burners,;Coal
or Wood Burners, and
,        <• ** - ■       *-_-*■,-'>'   -      •
Wood Burners /0
es and Cook Stoves
■*■    *  ^£ '        i*      - i\ j    -o
J. til.  AGNEW & CO., ELKO
>;< v.-
0
* " "\ •',.-' ''}''-'• '"--I    ',      ' .,"*'""'  "■..*"''"V"'7' ^
And   Nothine: but the Best 5n Fresh  ; >
,7; and    Smoked    Meats,    Fresh    and     , -
,  Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry";' y
'..    ,EtC.'   EtC, gO tO"j -7,;  .*"''..       ,   Yi'yyfy
THE il   MARKET  6(0/
*    .     " , f ' - r ,  ,,
.,'"•..'"■''' J' "     *.4*:    -    , '   '**•
SAM GRAHAM, Manager     ,"   ,        .   '"  - .'. PHONE'41-^
A
yijJrCrEy-IYtONSirirjy
*      ' K    * .^H~   * .VI*'"' ^ "" t1 A~n -1      ' "*      ^   A  *"'
Insurance; Real Estate
->*.
and Loans
. .* 0 - , .     _. , ,
Money to Loan on first class * Busi-
-,...'', -;      *,.*"•,        .--•"* 7    ,     ....      ".        •-■   - - ,
ness and Residential property
i
Electric Lighted ' '   •* Steam Heated
1 ■"■*,* f ■* *
1     CENTRALLY LOCATED    .
The Waldo, f Hotel
, r ' _ (.
FERNIE,  B.C.
, First Class Accommbddtion for Travellers
MRS. S. JENNING8, PROPRIETRE88
Hot and Cold Water • L. A. Mills, .Manager,
Now is the Accepted Time
Preserving Kettles
-__
*®_»j
IX
m Quarti, Pearl.,,,..,,..$ ,45 eaoh
6 Quarts, Pearl,,    ,60 eaoh
8 Quart*, Pearl.., 00 eaoh
10 Quarts, Pearl 75 eaoh
12 Quarts, Pearl,,,,. 85 each
14 Quarts, Pearl...,!  1.00 eaoh
18 Quarts, Pearl 1.2B each
24 Quarts, Pearl  1.60 each
30 Quarts, Pearl _ 2,00 eaoh
Haraware J,  D.   Q U AI L   Furniture
TN ADVERTISING-
a and good business
stationery is advertieing-
it's not so much tho taste
of tho man producing tho
matter, as tho consideration of v/hat will ajJpcal
to tho people ho desires
to reach, Still, you yourself will And & keen, personal satisfaction in using
good paper and printing.
May we show you Mtnpta ?
L
THE DISTRICT LEDGER FOR GOOD WORK ■r," -*-v-*.*i--*i*. •+',-y^^>f^*^;i*^*-/**^&{^"^v"- ^t^-""" •*s'.-i.'i: '-7 •^'-'^T^-'-T''' vT.*.* ..*"_=? -:_ '■'" *
■■?i* ,V*£ .*"-
.i , .-*
■i."   -- „
- a1* v-.
_7:-.f» *-- -'"'". '>,
'->"-, •> *, ,*  " *■*'.
THE; DISTRICT LEDGES, FEEMIE,V;B. O./JULY 15, 1911.
PAGE   FTVE
.,' ' ■'"-.-.*-- .*;.■,'.--"■ re*-. v-ifHi'1 -'"'-' 7.-.*•■- ■ \.--   *■*■"'■ '-•" •*-■*«•• .<i','-5--.V7; '.:*■>:       ■       .   7-;-'*. ■**■.■.;>' ■,'•,,-' .     - ".. 7- '• '-i'-,-'   -  ■   -. . ■'        *    .   .-*'   ..;■•'■■ *>'--.« . •    ,-.    .--.!.'•
'?i , -. ,7-'J ■-*'._■''   '".■-,' •-;*- -.--v-'"-  :*..*••*'".''    '--.-'.'': . ;->- -'">-"-'' -■„■ "'-< -*7" ** 7 -     '   -,,-. -^     -      •-..'■- * -'_-;>-;.-^ ■" ;•■': -7-;* *     -■"*, '■-*•••_..■• ■>    •'■*" -.- *,.V'.,1 •■- -■*-    • , ■•**•'. "V"'*'    *.*>     ' ^. *-.     ■■* *   7
'-  •-.-'J.    7*    \. ; •>■---.'    . -   . .? ■ ,     -* j   \. '.i , _.-> ' ?*,.%, .-*■       -■     «      ■ -.     -,_■■_■   ■    -" - -.   ;-*-iv •**"*._ *••:■■■■   -•   '      -" -,     *--=: -.*''*•.■• *■„■ ,   ■*-...->._-". -■-,--.,.       . -        -?._■--.•   -\     ■_ **''        *■  __ *   ..
•¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥»
■ r {}'■     ' '- .*■  * *
V\  -'--".: J;
■ -*
,;»V¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥.¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥.¥¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥¥.¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥»¥¥^¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥-»¥¥^MMM^
********^^J«Jt^4**t^*******^***^
      -     '' ■*   _-..
:*♦♦♦'♦ .♦'♦' ♦ ♦"♦ ♦:♦ ♦ ♦
V .''
).-
-\
^-     -v,    MICHEL- NEWS 7
'"*•♦ .'■ --.    .' 7 By, ■■krimea.-J ■'* ■'' .7,- ■ -'-♦
' ♦,'"i"\: ;';__;.,'" KYY:^Y 7**»
'*"♦!,"♦ ♦;♦.♦♦'♦ '■^•'♦■'•O ♦ ♦
,, .,;.;•-''. ■'". Michel v. BellevuS J"'*;   -■'
.-"*•' *'Ori\.Sati.relay last Michel- Football
, "Club   played   another', league   match
.- -when Bellevue'we're the visitors! *' The
' '-fixture was an attractive .one and this,
- -together- with tlie" fact, that Bellevue
.".have' not  been  defeated-, this   year,
'• "was..the-means,.of drawing a-large
■-. crowd to "witness the ' game.. *  Belle-
;v "vue team,felt full' of;confidence of
^ 'defeating- the blue and white.,'  The
_ -ldmesters 'also" have a record to.main-
• iain.'-'as" they haye* not .ost/a home
match.this season.-   The-Michel, team
■ was  strengthened  by - the 'reappearance of "the Rev. G.^Millett.'   " Belle-
-^ Tiie .were fully -.represented.-' - * '" ;  •
* "'Mlchel^Jim rMoore, .goal;' £3. ;Moore
■''."an'd Jim Watson; backs; Thos. Jackson
'7 W. Jenkins, J; Ferguson; (capt,)/halves ;.Jc_'Harper, ..llieddiiigton, Rev.
I G.. MUlett, H.'Brown, ~Sim Reaver; for-
'". J-w'ards.';;.' '"' ; .* JyJ '-,' '7'., '"-.
''-'\ -,;Beilevuer-H.,;Fisher,;goal; R^Dug*-
;,;-*,dale (ca^t);'.and' T.'^Dugdale, 'backs;'
,' 7*;i>. Mlll$r,, Prlstbn,-* Jepson. halves;. T.
,',)Gomm,-Sloan,-' Varley, Easton J. -Hut-
':* ^ton.'forwards,-',''- -..-_,'-- .  -", -.      "' '.-*
.,7;, Referee:,-   Mr.., X^Caulfieldl*  ,Coal
-'■-,;.Creek^,'7"'," '*,?'•".' ^   '   ~.J  ■
, r' :vCMlchel won the toss.  -'Varley; kick-
7 •' ed;, off' and' Belleyiie forwards\\ went
"•off witli arburst, and in'the first'five
.''minutes Sloan headed'iri/and Varley
; "put'.ln a dangerous Tshot, but Moore
, .gotiit away .in-fine .style. iReturning
.,-,„ .to* the attack,. Bastoii*, called upon
t. (iMoore to clear;; -*.' For*, the f first ten
• >,  minutes  the, home  de'fence- had  a
. * warm . time  of; it.' ' After  this   the
,-•  homesters warrtcd up.to their work;
,- - -Millett* obtalne_ 'and' made his way to-
" wards Bellevue goal and giving a fine
v. ^.pass.;to Beddlilgtoh ,the latter shot,
.but Fisher got_it away.- ' The.home-
■?.' stersonce more attacked, and Millett
",.\yent straight*1 throughHhe defence and
,7-'''"scored a fine goal twenty minutes from
,\y, the •.start7 "Bellevue/ tried hard '.to
.^'"'draw.'on_ level*.terms,1'but their best
. ,7efforts collapsed'before"the stern de-
77, fence''- of ..the- Michel* bovs. .-.Harper
I ,■"-*.
and Beddington got away "on the right
and .Harper, centering, and showing
splendid judgment iri placing,* dropped
-.the' ball right at' MillettVfeet; the
latter shot .and hit .the upright, but
Weaver, .paught the rebound "and
scored tho" second 'goal for the homesters, ' Another' raid .by, the Michel
forwards-ended In Geo7MIllett finding
the net for' No. 3. rT. Gomm and
Sloan'got away,.on.;the right> and forced a fruitless * corner. ' '* ■<"'■'■ *•*''""
, Half-time score—Michel, 3; Belle-
v«e**nll. n     ', _, ,      '.'      . '
• Millett  restnrted, for, Michel   and
,onco ngnln they had, tho visitor's defence iri -trouble. Brown,* after, bent-
Ing sovoral of the defence transferred
the bnll to "Harper, the latter scored,
only to bo pulled up fqr.oftsld'e, \ Tii
this half there wns only ono teiVm
In lho picture. . Only onco wore*' the
visitors llko scoring In this half, nnd
that ■•.yhon Uio forwards broko nway'on
'.tho loft nnd Hutton centering In flue
■ -style, Vnrloy odiamnd, the, lntl'M''scud
Ing in n swift, low shot,, which caused
Mooro to full full length ..In saving,
From this thoy forced' a cornor, bnt
nothing enme of It,. Agnln, tho nippy
Mlchol forwards got nwny nnd Bedding
ton found llio net, but this wns ruled
off sides. Again tlioy took up tho ng-
grbsslvo and Joo llnrpor, nflor bontlng
Jopson, took tho bnll right' to tho
not. This nlso wno claimed by tho
rcforco to bo offsides, whon nil tho
, spectators thought, It was , tho bost
goal obtnlnod In tho match,
Final score—Michel, 3} no\lovuo, nil.
Mlchol have ovory ronson to congratulate thoniBOlves upon their flno display, nnd lt wns by shcor merit that
thoy gnlnod tliolr victory, tho throo
gom*** w©?*> gained •im'llu* recult of
promptnf.t**.-.md «1<_..rmi. 1(1,61. In nttnek, with nn opportunism thnt hna
boon lacking In mo.it mntulu**-*,
Crowe Neit Pais Leaflue Table
PlydW. h,   Or.  1'Ib
a very, successful evening "to a, close.
*. ..Mr. Robt Fairclough, from --tCc&l
Creek, was; visiting friends here ori
Sunday- and, returned, to the Creek on
'Tuesday',''-/'; ■ " -\- .' ' '' ■ .'--. .".-.■',"-
, Mrs.. Streethorse,' from Corbin,'. Wis
here, .'visiting; her many friends, on
Saturday... 7    "   ^,-,
Mr: Geo. :Millett left here ori Monday riight's local for Spokane, where
he intends staying for a -.week
. Mr Sam Moore left here ori Saturday
night's"passenger for Coleman, wliere
he intends malting his new homo. Sail
has secured a^new job as bartender at
the Union" Hotel. [ "'•',•
' The daughter" of'Mr. Wm. Carr-just
dut from England, are' visiting their
uncle, i\ir. Harry Carr." Michel seems
dull to them' after ha,ving left a place
like" Bongs.'" .- ',    ;;   '
Mra and Miss Hogan,- of Coleman,
were visiting Mrs. Ted Lawrenson this
week.     _'.    .     •*--'*"' , .'. 1
* .    - * ** 1 t,
For the last six or eight days the
Michel Creek, has.'been colored like
Ink. * Thla ■> Is owing to the fact that
the Coal Company^at Corbin are -washing *,off the face of the mountain, by,
hydraulic, force, the, dirt being .washed
,down into.the' creek. Michel Inhabitants, have to'"drink .his water, • and
it is to be hoped;1that the,government
wiir take some steps towards stop-
'ping" this. We are glad to learn that
a''petition is being signed by, the in
habitants bf Mchel requestrig the Go-
.yernment.to take some action,.and,we
hope-that it may have- thet desired effect. • y.i *"" " ' , y
\We.are glad to learn that the Michel fire bosses, and those holding certificates, organised last Sunday. ■■**- It
is.to be* hoped'that the "same will be
carried, out In alll the camps of the
Pass. " ' . ; " - 7, ,
. Two' Italians .discovered a cub bear
in**the Erickson..Valley; and brought
same-into'camp. It is only, the'size
of* a .cat and" Is a, source of amusement
for the-children. "- 7*-
- Mr. and -Mrs, E. Lawrenson are visiting, Coleman this, week.    -. *;       ,    ■
. Mr.^Thos.'Taylor and family* were
the guests of-Mr'and Mrs.'Powell, of
Coleman",, yesterday:   *■ _   ' '  ;*■ -  * ;
All visitors'tb the'Calgary Exhibition
Jia\'&_i'_etumed_andiqi!oter^T-here5s-no
place-like-Calgary."   "  f  '-'7
* Mr. Thomas Spruston, * j'uperinten-
derit has riioved inlo his new house in
the 'Park.' .' "'-,,.
♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
^COLEMAN NOTES,BY ,22   ."■♦
Mlohol	
...0
4
1
r
0
Dollovuo ..,,
..fi
2
1
<>
_.
0
Conl Crook ,.
...li
0
_.
1
2
0
Colemnn* .. ,
•. .fi
1
»
1
.1
Frnnk	
,.. 5 ",
1
4
0
&
HI,
Instnllntlon of offleora of tho I. 0,
\j. V., Mlchol Loilffe, No. fi-J, by Mr.
,1. A. Murray, D. 0, M„ look plnco on
Frldny- night Inst nt Crnlmn's Hnll,
Tho following oitflcors havo boon elect-
oa for tlio . n .nlntr term • T Hprttotn.!
N.G., N. Huby, V.G., ,T. Sowell.n.B., A.
Matusky, F,8„ j, !U>rry, Kr„ I), Lundy,
Ch„ A. Xowion, H.a.N.U, G. Hponcor,
Iy,8.X.G., It Spruaion, H,S.V.G.,n 1).
Morris, L.H.V.O,, D. Davlos, J,0„ F.
Pollitt, O.G., W. Hldloy, Warden, .T Mr-
hood, Oonditi'tor, Aftor lho Inetalla*
tlnn n grnnd nodal and smoker was
- provldod by tho social committee, Tho
following muRlcnl progcAin waa gono
tli rough: mn« by lira. W. Ridley,
When tho Sunsot Turns tho Otoan
■nti;-*- ta GoW; iiou*, firo. .T. ilmion,
\/>elx Umond;  comic song, tiro.    .
At a .well attended meeting held ln
the Eagle Hall-It was decided to ov-
ganliie a male' voico choir to .be
known as Coloman Lyric Choir. This
society will bo under the able directorship of Mr,. Thomas Leyshon, and
tho mombors will nttond the practices we* aro confident thnt oro long
wo shnll bo ablo (o.bonat of n musical
body'Ihnt will be hard lo boat anywhere as thoro Is' not tho slightest
doubt' that there Is excellent natural
ability In this community, and lt only
requires devolopmont to bring it 'oui.,
Evory lover of music Is Invited to nttond * tho prnctlco nights on Fridays,
and ihoso possessing good volcos'nro
enrncBtly requested io Join ,nnd holp'
the good enuse nlong.
Mrs, Percy Porter.' presented ,hor
bolter 1 hnlf with n flno daughter on
Thursday last, but wo rogrot to lonrn
Ihnt tho mother Is not progressing
vory .'rapidly.
Tho Union officials for the noxt
term are; Prosldont, D. Hyslop; Socrotary, William Graham; Pit Commlttoo,
D. Hyslop, W, Grahnin nnd J, Glon-
denning,
Thero Is nn oxcollont oponlng for a
garage horo In Coloman and now thnt
tho .automobiles are making trips
through hero this Is an oxcollont point
to establish a repair shop, ns tho roads
aro by no moans In first rato shape,
particularly through tho PaiiB, and wo
hope Hint this matter will bo tnkon In
hnnd by tho govornmont ,as It moans a
grout donl to those who uso titlo mo*
thod of locomotion.
A largo delegation of our locnl Or-
angomon journeyed to lho 12th of
.Mily celebration hold nt Lothbrldgo,
accompanied by tho Ulalrmoro Hand,
which latter, hy tho way, Is making ox-
rollout progress, and although it is
but sovon wcoks slnco thoy rocolvod
thoir l1iHtr11.1101.t8, thoy nro quite capable of salisl'ucloi'lly fulfilling any en*
fingcniciits that thoy got.
Mrs. Vonnl.IoB hns just roturnr-d
home after a dollghtful tour through
India, urn! likewise onjolng n visit to
friends and relatives fn .Kimhind.
Mrs, W, Carr and family arrived
from LniuuiBhlre, so now Billy will bo
utile, to drop tho figure 7 and get tlio
7 dollara n dny for support.
♦ "♦♦<►♦♦'♦ <* ^ ♦ ♦*"♦ ♦
♦ " *'♦
♦ 7C0AL  CREEK. BY   174 ; :  ♦
♦ •;- .    •, 0. .,,-'--7' *:--*..-.♦
,!#►♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦ ♦ '♦ ♦^ 4».
- *,     . -     , .s   ,*.    .i-.i   -
,   Born at Coal Creek on; July '1st to
Mr."and, Mrs. Gordon Ross, a.fine daughter. Mother and child "doing-well.
Sam Clarke arrived back in camp
lastTThijrsday after, spending a few
.weeks in" Calgary and, Edmonton". He
says, it-Is a great-country.
Mr. W. R. Wilson, general manager
of the C.N.P.C.CV paid a visit up' here
on, Monday, taking a look around the
new'prospects, which are very numerous'.   •'    ,      *' • - '   .        "
Bob Fairclough was visiting Mr. and
Mrs. Albert Pierpoint at Michel last
week-end.,■*   ' *.   ' „ /   7
..Miss 'Edith  Langdon 'left  here on
Monday morning to visit - friends _ at
the Identical spot where the big red
apples'and bananas are supposed to
grow",  which .goes, by  the' riariae  of
Elko.    ' '        ' ■'',-.'
, ** . ,**•'"•■,**
,; Arthur De Altroy arid" Jas. Marmaglie
left*here on.Monday for a trip,down
into .Sunny,.Alberta, 'to see- how  the
crops are coming on.'      '' .     .-
* A certain gentleman in C. C. is to
be  seen' daily  taking  exercise , with
dumb belI-3 and Indian*clubs, wheher
ne is in '..ralnlni* for'tiotball or running
we'do nor know, biij a little bird .has
whispered' that  he. is  going  to  get
married.'—Some day.       ■*
District,! Board Member J. E. Smita
went''down to Michel on business on
■Wednesday mornmg.
:The sixth supply'of provisions have
been, distributed up, here this week.
.The junior football team up here
challenge/anyT junior.^ team under 17
years of,age In the Crow's'Nest Pass
for a i supper, of doughnuts, peanuts or
ice cream." For further information
apply "to. Jasl Logan, trainer, Coal
Creek.", . ■ " " [■ - ,
„_An enjoyable, impromptu dance was
given in the club, hall on'.Wednesday
"evening by,, some of .our, local Orange
boys, when about 40 .couples tripped'
the light fantastic till 2 a.m..Music was
supplied by Chas. Percy*.*
- Owing-to shortness'-"of finance the
Coloman .footballers we/e, unable to
-ful f' "-iTici'r-Ieagiio-j i ft urerup_hertf'la5t
Safari:*.*.'. Jfowevr^h'ey- arc iii'.k-a
to appear here-_hls Saturday "in'the
first round of th'e Mutz-.Cup, and' as
Coleman have been the winners of this
.cup the last two seasons, a very fast
game'can be assured. - The Creek boys
have been putting in somo good practice, and mean to do their utmost to
capture this trophy. The following
is the Creek line-up: Thos, Banns
(capt)., goal:  P. Hesketh, and Thos.
THE SITUATION
> 'iy - llP-TO-DATE
' If brevity be the soul of wit so likewise is the report of the coal strike.
Reports-are being published, in .the
press arid.,-.likewise, received'from different points along the railway lines
that the, supplies of black" diamonds
are exceedingly scanty. At all the
coal camps the. men are firm in their
determination to continue. the fight
for better living. conditions, and-* although all sprts of reports are current
they emanate from highly imaginative
brains'without'foundation-hi fact.
'■Jol*n>Morton,,of Sand Coulee, Mont.,
LB. M. for District 27.'arrived in the
city "on Sunday last as special representative from the International organization to wor.k in co-operation with
the District officials regarding matters
incidental to the strike.*
s*"*-**'
^     „__  -L.
BOSSES  PLAN  TO JAIL      -
'.  '        WIVES OF COAL MINERS
DENVER, Colo., July 8.—Attorneys
of- the Northern jCoal and Coke Company, according to reports in the camp
are_ riow planning, with the assistance
of Greeley, Whitford, to fill the county
jail of Denver with wives of miners on
strike "at Lafayette and Louisville.
Already 21 .union men have been arrested and are waiting trial on charges
This," under., the' injunction issued. by
Whitford -.' last' winter, but, lest this
should not*,be sufficient to. cow the
spirit of the miners, and send them
b?ck' to work witli their demands un-
granted, the irilne owners are planning
to strike at'„their families:  '
The charge against the women will
be that*they nave' jeered strikebreakers.' This, .under-the injunction issued by Whitford,-will be sufficient to*
warrant their imprisonment.
' Ed. Doyle, FranK*..Koenig, Guy Gordon and John Bolton, sr., were brought
before Judge", Whitford and held for
trial on a charge of*,* contempt.
So far attorneys for the miners have
received, no, detailed complaints; or
WOMEN BARRED FROM  .
.   , '. •      ■ "    LAWYERS' UNION
WASHINGTON—It is admitted that
the'layman may not be able to understand the' technicalities of the law, but
when common sense is applied it does
seem' that the law as interpreted by
judges is of a peculiarly'elusive quantity.   '    .,       .*,'*-      ''   '     ■   - -
A'young lady-in-Atlanta'. Ga., after
graduating In the Atlanta'Law School
with* high honors, applied to the Superior Court to become a' member of
the "lawyers'" union. The business
agent of the lawyers' union, Judge
Pendleton, has refused to issue torthe
young lady a"'"working card,' declaring that to do so would be "unconstitutional."' Now she can't work. No
"open shop goes in the courts.
list'of'theTwitnesses'to'be^calleaTg";
ainst their cliepts.
, TTje arrest of the' four, men. brought
before Whitford brings the total of
warrants issued up to 21, but Doyle
was.already under bond, being'among
those arrested, a-week ago.
"SHOT-FIRERS'" CLAUSE   '
VETOED BY GOVERNOR
Oakloy, backs; J: Mills, W. Parnell,
R. Johnson, halves..G. Booth, W. Pilk-
ingtoivJ.Marinlng. Jas. Barr. B. Hartwell forwards. Reserves: Ben Smith
(forwnrd), Geo, Cooper (gonl), Jns.
Paterson (forwards).' Linesman: R.
Blllsborough. ,
.Don't forget to bring your purse or
old stocking nnd look for Professor
Hughos with his straw lint nnd a big
rosette, " , ',-',,
Down, down thoy lmvo to go.  ,
MINING    NOTES
, DENVER,' Col.—Governor Shafroth,
of Colorado, it is stated, at the request
of the representative of tho Miners'
Union, hns vetoed the conl mining inspection bill, pnssed by thc*reccnt Legislature, .which was intended, to prevent;^ accidents in* the coal mines.
Tho objection offered by the minors
wns that the nmendment taclied on In
the senate required conl minors to pay
tho* cost' of shot firing, and It was
estimated this would hnvo taken $1G8,-
000 every, yonr from the wages of tho
minors,
Ohlo.C. Barber, head of the match
trust, In an open letter to congress,
which he has sent", to every member
of , the ■ senate'. and lower house, advocates the outright government ownership of the railroads and supervision
of all trusts.- He also announced himself in favor of' confiscation by the
government of' all earnings in excess
of 10. per cent on the latter properties.
- Such a course/' the millionaire says
would bring a speedy re-adjustment of
* **- **'     A      "
chaotic commercial and industrial relations* and j that trust heads  would
welcome the stability it would insure.
In ten years the railroads manipulators, he alleges,    have   stolen   more
money than all the thieves sentenced
to prison in half a century. > Under
■present conditions, the big thieves will
continue to escape, says he.
.. These be strange    days    wben    a
trust magnate finds himself'so rattled
over the^'chaotic',' relations- in business circles that he wants to see the
properties  of the other  big fellows
taken oyer by the government".      It
simply- shows how the social .trend is^
mov"inF*"us""on   towaraTTJoHecTivism.
Public  ownership,° and   Social-Democracy, would "only*  be   steps further
along.     This shows why Socialism is
so strong and so irrepressible. *       ■,
"-The ownership • of, the   railroads
would be a good-start, and then,the
expropriated railroad   owners   might
aiso get rattled and ask for the ownership of the trusts one after another,
clear down, to the match trust. ,   It's
coming all right.—S, D. Herald.
CLUB
-\ . **"
CigarStore
.      W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail*
Tobacconist
_■
-. ■_
Barber Shop
Baths ..
_
Shoe. Shine   -   ^
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
1 .
r,
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Coleman
Hotel
W. H. Murr   -.  Prop.
, m !•   ' ***
Victoria Avenue
Q*
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Mr. Gumming, of .1. \V. Cummins &
Co., tho noted mining tools makers,
lately roturned from his periodical
tour of tho West, Ho reports tho
mines nbout Pernio, Frnnk nnd there-
nbouts complotoly tied up, nnd thinks
that tho U.-M. W.'s are mischief mak-
ors whohovor tlioy go. Every tlmo
ho comoB bnck from tiio wost, Mr.
dimming thinks moro of the east,
Thoro Is no comparison botwoon tho
pooplo thoro and horo. Thoro thoy
hnvo only ono nlm In Hfo and that to
socuro the dollar. Tho social Btatus
of tho minors Is far bolow Novn Scotia,
accounted for In largo part hy tho fact
that mnny forolgnorB aro nt work in
tho mlnos, Mr. dimming hns a nlco
brnnnh of his buslnoas oBtnl-llshod In
Lothbrldgo, Horo n flno stock of min*
Ing tools nro kopt nnd distributed to
lho numerous collieries wlthjn a rad*
I im of twonty milos, Many car londn
ofttool» will bo sont wont this year as
last.—Kroo Lnnco, Woslvlllo, N. S.
Probably tho first coal to bo mined
In tho much disputed Alaskan areas
will bo-taken out by the govornmont,
Thc latest project Is to establish n
naval coal rosorvo, From this, fuol
will ho produced for nnvnl operations
In tho Pacific Oconn. Although' this
will bo n stop forwnrd, It will not relievo tho situation wllh regard to tho
pooplo of Alaska who nood conl, ns
woll ns those of tho Pnclflc status,
As an Indication of what may bo ex*
pected If tho Northorn fields uro oponod, tho Coppor River nnd Northwoslorn
Railway hus ulroudy declared Ihat il
will build ono hundred mllon additional
traclmgo as soon ns lho government
snys "go nhond," And,, now nil nro
wnlllng on Undo Snm, "
FRANK  18  NOT  ENDANGERED
Prof. E, Odium, M.A., 11.8c,, of Vnncouvor, 11, C„ nftor mnklng nn exnmlnntion of Turtle Mountain at
Vrnnk, statOH positively that thero
need be no fonr oonrornlni. futuro
danger from any fnrilio. mountnnl
slides,
DR. GORDON 18 NOT
VERY OPTIMISTIC
WINNIPKQ, Mnn., July 7.-D)'. C. W
flordon, bottor known as "ftnlph Connor," nnd who hns - beon sitting nt
various poIntH In lho Crows Neil Uln-
trlct of Alborta, an Chairman of the
(vuiiviiimiioii Hoard, which hns been
1 .'j..',_, iu iiKUiLB- Um bdih.0, ruiurnoai witter It Is unsure tn try and cross tho
WELL MEANT
A benevolent, native of tho north of
ti-luml. (IobIiIiik Io bonoflt his kind,
placed a ntonc on tin* bank of tho rivor
and on It hnrl this Insnititlnn nnl-ntoil
FARMERS TO DIG BELOW      _
INSTEAD OF ABOVE?
„ A, suggestion'appears In n Calgary
paper bf Uie 8th Inst regarding the
conl situation thnt Is refreshingly
novel. According to the report, n farmer Is quoted ns expressing Llio opinion
lection, should go to the mines niul dig
coal. YVe do not know what useful
purpose tho soldiers would serve, unless to proVent the farmers from turning bnck before they reached tho
"parting," The miners would not
raise nny serious objection to the ng-
rlculuii'lstH extruding conl, nnd If lnbor be ontltlod to nil It produce!).there
Is no renson to believe thnt anybody
would show nny Inclination to Bhnro
tho bruised fingers, blistered bands,
nclilng bucks nnd nerve rucking fen 10
thnt tho novice nt mining would produco,
Probnhly n reciprocity agreement
might bo mnde, tho farmers to mlno
conl nnd thn minors to work on tho
farms, thus the tnxpnycrs would bo
saved tlio expense of thu soldiers,
Cnlgary also pohhoshos a „o!on In Its j
clvlo council who, In his ardont doslro
to relieve the uniilensuiit sltuutlou resulting from the denrlli of conl sug-
gfHtod that tho sum of $f>00 (five hundred dollars bo appropriated ns n first
liiHtnlmonl townrds the purdwiH.. of n
coal mine. Ills project wiih nol rnptu*
ously rocolvod.
The Interrogative sr'iitcnceH regarding tho roproscutntlvoH of the mlno-
worl.ors nud the opiMitiois may have
original (--.I In the same fertile brain
thnt conceived tho Idea of Ihe fiirmeiH
mining conl.
JULY 14—TWO HISTORIC EVENTS,
(Jn July Hth the French veMirnio
the Full of tho Hum I Ik-, Hint wnn V22
yearn ngo,   July  Itth of next  week,
1 _»._.livid.'«•• M'tlt f**otr>livnt.> ili« fi.-■• «.-t'i
"HAVE A' GLASS*
. "It will do you good, nnd besides it
isn't always you're Invited.to test 11
superior brand like this.'
There's no gainsaying but what the
SUPERIOR WINE
sold here,is a' genuine builder up qf
the system. Claret punches or sherry
cobblers made from wine sold here are
simply irresistible. For all kinds: of
"WRRTBuy rroni us.
Your Architect
can give you an idea of what
you have In mind for that new
houso of yours,, but he
May Plan a House
that costs double what you want
to expend, Wo have figured out
how
To Suit Your Pocket
nnd give you a beautiful homo
at ,low figures, -You'll savo
money buying n house of us.
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance     Real Estate
A pnrty of indies, on ll being reported (hat n cortnln Cnptnin Silk liad
arrlvod in town, exclaimed, with ono
exception, ''What a nnmo for a sol-
dlor!
"The fittest nnmo In the world," rejoined a witty fomalo, "for silk can
never ho worsted,"
***>'
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
Fertile.'B.'C.
T. W, Davies
UNDERTAKER
and ..
EMBAL.MER
Coleman
Alta,
QWEmw%ssEW£WZ*mm&^i'mi
*•*#••*•*•*•*•••_**•*•••**
~   I N G E R     J
EWING   'j
MACHINE   CO
WM.     BARTON
Anretit   Vcrnlo   nnitioh
'< PellCLtt    Ave.    North if
'. lm***)-;**.****************
♦•THE PEN IS MIGHTIER
THAN THE 8WORO
Th-M. thti |x*n Is mightier than the
•word la homo out by .he statomont
flctvcH, I Luna My \V.r«, Hut Oh. Von  »»«wl« In tha Calgary N'owt-T-rlcgram
Kid; song. llro. T. Mather*, Ono Touch
of Nature Makes tht" Whol* World
Akin; rwcltnrlon, Uro. p. flrundy. Bin*
Hi* Heir.
A. Almond pr<**fded at the piano,
A ViuU uf U.it.kk)-' *•*■» Hi-onl-***! to the
the -chairman, (he social committee ami
ni lists hy ll. (1. flfttlmnii, nnd serond-
ed hy llro ,» McI-ao., which trtftuj-'ht
to Winnipeg to-day and was not par-
llrularly optlmlotlc »■» to tho prospect.?
Ho expressed tho hope'Indued that tho
st riles now going on would be sctilud
I«.»... UH',!   *_*u...l*iif UlJllO  WH* OOtlO 10
the peoplo of tho Woit.
"Tho board of arbitration havo glvon their doclslon," ho snld, "on whloh
both partlos -can meet but unfortunately at tho present tlmo thla doclslon
haa not Ti<wn neroplod. 1 nm hntfoful
that both aides will ace tho equity of
thla i>roi»oiilHrin we have prcyciucdj
tlic-rn ntul will come to a reasonable
attitude regarding It."
He went on to say tlmt unlesit n mi*
tlcment wna reached In tho n</mr future
thft would! bo boxtTid to br a taht- Jn
tho price of ton) In litnnitnbtt from tho
"Notico—When this Hlono Ih under! tion stunt, whm RI_Y will 1-..V    Ymi'
1
rivtr."
can't swnt this KI.Y nor knep n good
man down.   (Oh, behave!.
that Mr, Aahloy Cooper, <for.ne.ly of
lh* Cltf-n-f-tlt. now. la now Mayor of
WynndeL n. C.   (1
Cor the benefit of those of our resd-
m who do not know whero this placo
ka Mi-im-M, wonlrt intorm them thnt It j fart that much of the supply 0/ Penn-l
la on Iho CP.It. line about four milea | aylvanln nntliraclto would W dlvert-ml j
xvo"i nt O/'Hton, and In close yvoxl-jl'ron. thi* province to Alberta, Thei
rslsy '« \\'t#etd* ot *u**Wf ty tam*.   t pric* of thla roal today la 110.50 a ton
Weber's
STORES
Tic V/eitorn Tour*—.ft. t. Borden: • dctx't think I've tkillod hlm, bat—
New Michel
& Blairmore "i * -_'
\A-m
\\
■iv'.'"**  ' ' *V«*:*'V-7* '   -".""' :i''"""- f-"'1?*"'''' ' "-':l "'■•*" -"-**'■■ ^"r.-y  i''-rif>y:yyy^j^^y,Y:'YyY^-Y:^-Y\iY'y:'
'/.-';-:.. -C*.„  ~ l" ■>  '  -•*!'7   ''i'"' .      '*   '■-'■'■■-:■  y- V-*,.. '■     --'_..■",' ,-"N'\ ^ "■'■•■'TV"', I _ ";* ,7-:~vl-:'*> ... "7: "■'
--' ,. //•<--•' -*_      - *     - -V     '   •       "*■--"•■_.      -       ..*•.-.'.'     .■'.'.    *'    " -sr-.     v     '■..,:.,-•.■"    .- ~.-'f .-•*      .,**..;.-... --.,
7 ." .-.'".   «_.. '-'._.-
-*."'
a it'
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE,, B.C., JULY 15, 1911.  .
, ,_,-*.,,- H . '*.        * *       "
-■* lr " ,    ,.,    -
- rr-Jf
_ -. *., v"
■fc*******.**.-.*.^*********^
■*• *"       _ ***■ I-"- ' " .T *,li* " 1
,-. * i- *       _ V ■_ J, ■_ I. ('-". *J . _*_ -       __ -***L
.»       *™ ■ ■ _■__. _l , mttr      _■__■___.„-.-.,_    ■»
..♦¥¥4
l*************************************************** Y y V Y y y y vV_»v^_^l;
' The legislature of Illinois at the session recently adjourned, passed several
mining bills changing the mining law
of the state that has been in, force
for a. number of years. 7 '  *_
' These bills were presented to • the
legislature as the result of the work of
^tlie Mining .Investigation Commission
authorized by the Forty-Sixth General
Assembly. .This commission was com-
, posed of three coal operators, three
' _ miners and three disinterested persons
, who had no connection with the'coal
industry of the  state. ■ ,
» The laws passed, by the legislature
are practically those recommended by
the commission, with two exceptions,
which have to do with the inspection
service rather than directly with the
safety feature of the law. The report
of the' commission recommended an
increase of salary for the State Mine
' Inspector from $1,800 to $3,000. This
was not-allowed, The report also
suggested the substitution of a deputy
inspectors instead of county inspectors
but this was not agreed to by the legislature and, Illinois still has the dual
state Inspectors appointed by the gover
nor, and county inspectors appointed
by the* county board. -.       , *
The essential features of- the new
law aret the following: The general
direction of mining matters is placed
in the hands of the State Mining Board
'consisting of two practical coal-mining
hoisting engineers, and- two, coal operators. Under the previous law the
boa'rdj was similarly constituted, but
■if was mainly a board for examining
applicants for state certificates. The
new law gives the board. specif ic au-
t, thorlty and direct supervision over the
practice of the state for a period of
two years, the president must be a coal
operator, and the secretary a coal
miner. The compensation of the members of the board' is five ($5) dollars
-per day and the number of days ser-
vce.per annum is limited to* 100. In
addieion to the supervision of mining
matters the 'gathering" df statistics
and the publication of a coal report
. is placed under the board. A" chief
clerk to the boardat a salary of $2,000
"  per annum is provided.   \  "■       ' .  .
The "requirements ih regard. to qualifications of and examinations for' in-
u / - i
specters," mine managers, m*n*e examiners and hoisting engineers are ,prac-
■""*""" tiColly-the'"same_as"in"'the~p"revious"laTvr
. excepting that a knowledge of rescue
work and first-aid work is required
upon the part of mine inspectors and
-, mine managers. It is, also a, new
requirement that ail' examination pa-
^ pers shall be kept 'on file, and^ the applicant may secure a copy free. ' The
requirements for the employment of
"certificated managers, examiners, and
hoisting engineers, are essentially the
samo as under the old law. The
number of mine Inspectors has been
increased from 10 to 12 and provision
made so that inspectors shall have a
better allowance for expenses than hns
beon heretofore , possible. This is
a much-needed improvement,'as heretofore not only have the snlnrles beon
too small,,but tho allowance for expenses hns beon so monger thnt It was
frequently exhausted before tho pwI of
the fiscal yoar nnd nny suhioqui'iil. In-
upection lind to bo dono nt the personnl
c.ponso of the Inspector, Peflniio
provision hns nlso been Incorporated
In tho law authorizing nnd directing
tho Stato Mining Hoard to furnish each
inspector with tho necesmiry instru-
work.
Evory,mine In which mnrsh gas has
boon detected In quantities, which In
tho Judgment of tho mining bonrd !*_
dnngoroiiH, must be examined at lensl
onco In six months by tho fetalo inspector. Tlio stnto board may require tho stnto Inspector., lo exnmlno
any nnd nil mines when thoy doem
It nccossary. Inspect ors nro required
to monHuro tho nlr In tho last crosscut iu each pair uf on Irion und In tho
last room of ench division In longwall
mlnoB nnd muat supply a written roport of onch Inspection to tho Stnto
Mining Tlonrd.
As heretofore, tho Inspector!, continue to bo sealers of weights, although it Booms to bo nn unnocoBRnry
bunion and ono that Ib In no way
■ronnoetod with tho anfoty of tho
minora,
Thn requirements In regard to maps
are egm-ntlnlly ns heretofore, except-
Int. thnt the data on mapa must now
Includo tho location and dopth of all
holes drilled for oil, gns, or water,
thnt penotrnto a workable coal aoam.
In ordor thnt tho engineer of tho conl
company may havo tho data necessary
for carrying out. thla provision, a separate law waa enacted requiring tho
driller of every mich hol<» in tlin
■with tho county clerk of tho county In
which tho holo Ih drlllod a doacrlptlon
and map showing (he location or every
auch hole, which map and description
become a part of tho title record of
the'tract of land.
Mlnos to be abandoned or Indefinitely cloied are required to bo mnppwl
before auch abandonment. The atate
Inspector of mines may order addition*
al map to those roqulred by law. If
he nas ahy reason to bollovo that the
maps furnished him are Inaccurate he
may havo anothor map made at the
oxyemw uf ihu uimjiuLoi*,
Tho mow law haa definitely placed
the operation of ahaft sinking under
the, Inspection service and required a
■aafe and aubalantlal atrtjeturo to sup-
port the bead-sbeavea placed at a
fiofefif. of not lens tliaa U fee: ult-jvu
the landing plnco.
A platform mutt alto bo arranged
to prevent material from falling into
the shaft. No material can be hoisted
from the bottom, when men are in the
shaft excepting in a bucket or on' a
cage. -* P'rovisionnis made for properly
attaching a rope to the engine drum
and' for providing, the engine with a
brake. Not more than four persons
can be'lowered or hoisted in the bucket at one time and it is unlawful to
ride on a loaded bucket. In^ sinking,
all shots must be fired by electricity
and the hoisting engineer, must be a
certificated man. ■     '   ,
The second shaft, commonly known
as'the escapement shaft, shall be not
less than 500 f<>et or more than 2,000
feet from the hoisting shaft,'excepting that in mines employing 10 men
or less this distance may not be less
than 250 feet. The escapement shait,
if equipped with a cage .for hoisting
men, must conform to all of the requirements of the hoisting shaft Sn
reference to the hoisting and lowering
of men. , --
Several, material changes have been
made in the regulations about the
shaft bottom" and provision is now
made for a passageway from'1 one side
of the cage to the other,- "free from
obstruction and dry as possible and
not less than 3 feet wide arid for'the
use of-men only; animals or cars
shall not be taken through such passageway while the men are, passing
or desirous of passing through such
passageway.
A refuge place or places *' for men
coming out at the close of the day's
work' shall be provided off the main
bottom, at such place or places and
of such size as approved by the mine
inspector. * The places shall be not
more than 400 feet from the hoisting
shaft.    '
No inflammable structure can be
erected or re-erected on the surface
.within 100 feet of any hoisting shaft
or escapement shaft excepting in
mines employing 10 men or less, and
no oil sor similarly inflammable 'materials can be stored within, 100 feet
of any hoisting or escapement shaft
or within a mine.    ' , 'e -
The regulations in regard to safety
lamps have been-considerably extend-
ed'arid at every mine in thc state*_here_
must now be kept at least two safety
lamps and.as many more.as may be re-
■qTtirea~by~the^tat#Tnin^ifitpe"ctqr:
dead" hole-where,the width of the shot
at the point measured at right angles
to the line,of {he hole is so great that
the heel is not of sufficient strength
to (ft' least.balance the resistance' at
the point. , The heel means that part
of the shot; -which lies outside of the
powder-,,   ',--"- '    •
' • "In - solicL shooting, the width- of
shot "at the point In seams of coal 6
feet or less in height, shall not' be
greater than the height of the coal,
and in seams1 of coal more than 6 feet
in thickness .the width of the shot at
the point shall, in .no case, be more
than. 6 feet. *■
"Ih undercut coal, no holes shall be
drilled 'on the solid' for any part of
Its length.
Mixed shots are prohibited. Holes
are* required to be tamped full and
no coal dust orv Inflammable material
or any material that can create a
spark can be used for tamping. Missed shots cannot be withdrawn excepting, with the use of copper tipped or
wooden tools. * ~ °     „
i r- _;
■ The duties of the mine manager,
mine,examiner, hoisting engineer,-are
essentially the same as in* the previous law, but the wording has,been
changed so^as to be specific, and aii
effort has been made to avoid ambiguity so that duties cannot,.be shirked
through a lack of definite provisions
in the law.
,   -      ,<
The special rules have-been made
somewhat more stringent. It has
been made a misdemeanor to eater,or
work in or about a ■ mine or mining
building,' tracks or machinery connected therewith,' while under the influence cf Intoxicants. ' ,
*>       i
A miner ^required to sound and
examine'the roof of'his working place
before commencing* work, and if he
finds loose : rock or other, dangerous
conditions * he is forbidden to work
in such room under such conditions
excepting he make the room safe. No
one is allowed to enter or' leave a
mine witlioufindicating.the fact of entering or leaving by some suitable
checking system. It is made, a' misdemeanor to change or (alter in any
way any car', check.
Provision is made for keeping -bore
holes • in advance when abandoned
working are approa ched. Incase" there
is a .map of tbe old workings,. bore
The regulations for the use ,of the
safety lamps are also quite stringent.
No man is allowed to" use'one until
he has, shown that he understands
the proper use thereof and the danger
of tampering .with it. In any mine
where locked . safety , lamps are used
It Is made a misdemeanor for an un-
! authorized person to have in his possession any means a for unlocking a
safety lamp or any^ matches or other
means of,producing n fire.
To reduce tho danger from excessive
shooting in closod places tho following
provision is mndo: "When undercut
or sheared, the entry, cross-cut and
room nock may "bo-advanced concurrently, but not more than oho cutting
shall bo, shot, in the room neck until
tlio cross-cut is finished; and after the
entry has ndvnnccd 15 feet boyond the
location of tho new cross-cut, only one
shot shnll bo fired In the entry 'o *-wo
in olthor or both tho cross-cut and
room nock ul tho Bnnio shooting time.
"When not undercut or slionifad, tho
entry nnd crosn-oul mny bo advanced
concurrently, but no room, uhall bo
opened In advance of the Inst open
cross-cut, and nfter the entry hns
ndvnnccd 15 feet, boyond lho location
of a now croHs-cut, only ono shot shnll
bo flrod In tho ontry lo two In tho
cronR-cut r.t tho snmo shooting time.
"Not moro than throe shots Bhall
bo oxplodod at one shooting tlmo a-
hond of tho IohI open eroBe-cut,"
Provision Is mado for stnggcrlng tlio
cross-cuts between roomu.
Tho inspector-IB required if ho findB
mon working without tho proper amount of nlr to notify llio mlno mnnagcr
to incronso tho amount of nlr, nnd In
enso bf Iho rofusnl of tho mnnngor to
not proporly and In till cnooH at onco,
ordor tho ' mon nffoclcd out of tho
mlno.      ""
Tho rogulntlom. In rogard to liln*
mlnntlng oils nro completely flinng-
od nnd nil lllumlnntlnfr, olln are ro
quired to conform to upoclflcatlona
provldod by tlio mining board. AH
o'l must be stamped or branded .ipnn
tho niielunl packn<.o, allowing that It
hna been tented nnd found to'conform
lo the Hpoclflcntlona ub pronorlbo.-l by
tho mining board, Any ponton bo!I
Ing or offering for salo oil not comply
ln« with the* apeclflcntlotiH, nnd any
i.wner, ojmtntor or employe, who know
It.elv lior**,** til n mlnn   nr whrx V. ■^•'•'•p"'1"
pormltn to ba used nnv oil forbid .--.i
by tho act, Is guilty of a mladomonnor.
Tho ntnto mlno Inapoclora nro given
authority to aample all -oil uaed for
Illuminating purposes or kopt on snlo
for una nnd It In made thflr rtntv tn
aend (o (ho Stalo Mining Tlonrd aam-
plea of any oil that they havo reraon
to Buapoct does not conform to those
standards or ipoclflcatloni.,
The amount of powder kopt by .ny
ono workman la Incroaiod from 25 to
35 tKiundn. The r«m«on of tho chango
being mndo la i that according to tho
old law, If a miner haa a part of a
kog of powder left at nlRbt, or not enough to nm him through tha following
day he waa prohibited from bringing;
In a new keg until aftor tho part of
the kett had beon uaed.
Tlu> follow Inn KOHuUtUxA* lit r«Karo
to dead hole* havo boon Incorporated:
".Vo itoreon ahall drill or nhoot a
FOR MAKiNG SOAP-
SOFTENING WATER,
REMOVING  PAINT,
DISINFECTING SINKS,
tLOSETS,DRAINSfETC
-      sdLD.EVtRXV/HERE
.7    REFUSE SUBSTITUTES
o  ii. . -t^-.  ^-   "-.it.**- r~*&,-*j:^ **, -
DR. WRIGLESWORTH,> D. D. S.
7 V   .    *'   DENTIST   r
'-' .  •'
1,',.Off. ■*•*■: Johnson-Faulkner, Bloclt. - ,v
Hours*9-12M-6;     '- ' *~ ' '"' j^ Phono72'
Ternie .--   *-*
B. Ci
DR. J. BARBER, DENTIST
.'     '•- o .', ;■ '    ■ '   •■* "*
-'Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
'7 --1' .     \*   "■-•    r   -7-'    -    "
, Hqurs(9 to.l; 2,to 5; 6 to 8._.
*  ^Residence, 21 Viotoria" Ave.    .
ed to sample blasting powder' for granulation in conformity with the sizes
given above, arid for other-tests lie
is*' authorized to sample powder and
send' the same to the State "Mining
Board.    '.'   .
A separate act prohibits the'drilling
of oil or gas' wells nearer than 250
feet to any opening therein or as an
air-shaft. As<noted-above,' It Is incumbent on the -driller of the-oil or
gas well.to file a"record of the depth
, in "the! county clerk's office,,, so that
ii may become ■_ part of the.tiile uf
that-property. "       '    ^'.
Feu*re the casing shalUbe dra*.v-i
from any well .the, hole must', be se:
curely stopped or blocked.,
The act requiring fire-fighting 'equipment,'passed by the specIal**session of
the' legislature which' convened after
the Cherry-disaster, has been amended" so as to do away with the gongs
near the face of'* the, workings. The
' fire-fighting equipment .required of
the small mines has also been reduced
by eliminating the requirements for
chemical flre-flghtlng extinguishers in
mines employing .less than 10 men.
The provision in regard to alarm gongs
has been changed, since, it seems .to
be the opinion of both operators and
miners that such gongs are objectionable and are probably causes of panic
rather than", ariV!'efficient' means . of
warning.',- To increase tlie means for
warning, however,-"additional telephones are now required.
The 'law inv regard to the mirie-
rascue stations, remains practically unchanged excepting .with a few vevbal
amendments to permit the commission
t. more efficiently -operate the 'rescue
- - -   i* • ..-'*. ':V- ' <r
"SolesTshalFbe^kep_~'withI_~5Cr_eet of
the old works,., such bore holes being
10 feet in dept, one being in the face
and one'1 ih each * iib.. .The advance
working shall not, be more than 20
feet wide. .If there ls.no,map of the
old workings reach tothe point .within
100 feet of where the old workings are
supposed to be.
* By separate act' the use of powder
has been regulated and the following
specifications have" been provided for
black powder:
"(a) It shall have a specific gravity
of not less than 1.74, nor more than
1.90.
"(b) It shall' have n moisture content of not to exec"ed 1 per cent.1 at the
time when shipped ,by the manufacturer, or his agent,
"(c) Snld powdor shnll bo sold for
use in coal mines only in seven sizes
of granulation to bo determined ns follows:
"CCC shnll bo-powder which shall
pnss through a screen having round-
holo perforations of forty sixty-fourths
of nu inch In dlnmotcr nnd remain on
a screen having round-hole perforations of 112 sixty-fourths of nn inch In
diameter,
"CC shnll bo powdor which shnll
pnss through a screen having round
holo perforation*! of thirty-six sixty-four
tlm of nn Inch In dlnmotcr nnd romnin
on n Hereon hnvlng round hole-perforations of twenty-four sixty-fourths of an
Inch In dlnmotor.
"C Bhall bo powdor which shall pims
through n screen hnvlng round-hole
perforation*, or eighteen sixty-fourths
of un Inch Indlnmetor.
"V Hhall bo powdor which Hhall
linns through a Hereon having round-
holo porforatloiiB of twonty sixty-
fourths of an Inch ln dlnmotor nnd
romnin on a scroon having round holo
porforatloiiB of twolvo Blxty*fourlhs of
an Inch In dlamotor,
"PP shnll bo powdor which ahnll
pass through a screen having round'
holo perforations of fonrtoon sixty-
fourths of an Inch In dlnmotor nnd remain on a screen hnvlng round*holo
perforations of soven slxty-fourtha of
nn Inch In dlnmotcr. ,
"PFP ahnll ho powdor which shall
pnBfl through a ncroon having round-
holo porfornllons of nlno sixty-fourths
of nn Inclrln dlamotor, nnd romnin on
n screen having round-liolo porforn-
tinr."'n* {inr, n\.,t..tri„.ti\   r*   * -■   l.-.l    *..
dlnrtimtw,
"FFPP shall hn powder which ehnll
pass through a screen having round'
holo perforations of flvo sixty-fourths
of nn Inch In dlamotor and remain on
n  scrf'Pn  hnvlntr rnnnrl  Xtriln j*u..*f_-i■***■■.
lions of two slxty-fourtha of an Inch
In diameter,
"In testing tho powder for iilio of
granulation aa heroin roqulrod, It shall
bo pormlsalblo for n glvon alio to con
tain not to -exceed 1*k l>or cont. of
wolght ol grains of tho alto next larger
ant) 7tt by weight of grains of the
size next amallcr."
AU black powder must havo plainly
•lamped on the cato tbe letters show
Ing tho altea of granulation aa given
abovo. Failure to conform with theso
roqulrementa ts made a misdemeanor
puolihaWo by a line ot not tots than
1100. or Imprisonment for 60 days, or
both.    The state Inspector Is authorlt
cars which were not provided .in the
original aet of incorporations. / The
recommendation of the Rescue Commission for increased salary- for the
8_is1tnts at the stations was. not
agreed to by the legislature., An appropriation of $30,000 per, annum was
made,for the support of the stations.
,' ,A bill authorizing the University of
Illinois to establish'miners* and mechanics' institutes throughout, the state
was passed'but will not'be operative
because no'money,-was appropriated
to carry out the provisions of the act.
An act was also passed continuing the
Mining Investigation 'Commission, or
rather providing.for the appointment
of another, commission along, the lines
Identical with'those upon', which the
previous, commission acted, the'previous commission having* gone out of
existence when it filed its report to
the governor and legislature.^.
In tlie apropriations for'the,,Univer-
sity of Illinois,-the allowance'for maintenance -.' of . the mining department
given'by the previous session, of the
legislature, was 'doubled and is now
$7,500 per annum. An item of $5,000
per.annum was appropriated calling
for co-operative • investigations between, the' .United States 'Bureau of
Mines, the' Illinois Geological Survey,
and Hie Department of Mining Engineering^ An'appropriation of $25,000
was, also made for equipment for the'
Department of Mining Engineering,
and' an appropriation of $200,000 -was
made'for a new engineering building
in'-which the Department of'Mining'
Engineering * will _ have - quarters.-
Mines and Minerals.        ,   -       . <•
_-, ,—.	
W. R. Ross K. C.
,   W. 3. Lane
ROSS,  MACDONALD and  LANE
.-';,' < Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie,-B. C.
Canada.
L. P. Eckstein • D. E. McTaggart
*- s "*,
ECKSTEIN & MCTAGGART "    '
Cox Street s    Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawo Alex. I." Fisher
-t,    * **■
LAWE •& FISHER  "
•' ATTORNEYS     '.       '     .-
"- -  -   "i ** - •,       '    - *'
.'„    Fernie, B. C. .
■ V.. ••*■**     I      <:   .-■
^    ft"        J   - *-    'J"".        '      '    '    ,       m     " J /   ,    v. '
LUMBER.*
i    ■*
V f
A.-McDougall,'Mgr
Manufacturers of ind Deal^
, ' *,   ■**■■• ■*-'      -   y        . *
-, ers in all kinds of Rough   "-
arid Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
•     ,.."'-'     7
rpj
I
: '■ i
-   ' .*'
,   /■
.J
,1
*    (
- i
-  *!•_
For, Sunday Reading
• .'By A: G,-Hales    *
"Iron , sharpeneth." Iron,  and  evon  a
fool wedded' to a' wise woman may In
time lose some of,his dullness.'
Sweet Chi'-r-ristian friends, all flesh
is' grass- hnd some' of It that can be
founi'in Bucnos-Alrcs. ls old enough
to be hay,--and ugly enough for Hades.
When we refer- to your "ugliness, be
loved, wo, do <not'merely'mean your
facial and bodily Imperfections—we
know well that you do your level best
to hide those faults from the eyes of
your fellow-man and your, sister-woman. ' ,   -
When high Heaven has blessed you,
by permitting you to come Into this
world ih the shape of a woman, you
try nobly to cover up your imperfections. If you have bo littlo hair of
your own that you cannot coat It to the
roof of your head, and tlo lt in n bun
as big as tho fist of a babo, you do not
gnnsh your tooth and uso language
that would stop a train; you do not
tako tho world thero and thon Into
your confldonco, Nay, you havo too
much common sense. You smllo joyously and from a cardboard-box In a
drawer you produco lumps of hair that
may havo grown upon tho body ot nn
ox or a horso, an ass or a cow, camel,
and straightway you graft It on to
tho top and sides and the front of
your own skimpy Jocks, On tbp of
this superstructure you pin a noble
"bun" Bont, from Paris and grown In
Gormany. Ovor your 6hasto brow you
arrange a "front,1 a mass of tricky
littlo curls, nud ut the back of tho
nock you placo another row of littlo
tiny kiss cur In; you so nrrango It thnt
tho ends of tho kiss curia crcop up
undor tho "bun" and you Bpllco tho
wholo outfit together with pins, nots,
bows of rlbhon and odds nnd ends of
laco,
Vorlly, verily I. sny unto.you, a bird
buildoth her ncot out of tho scrfipplngs
of the onrth and ft woman ofton array-
oth hor head for conquost in the snmo
fashion.
During tlio wook that hath flod wo
wore ovorcomo with a wild doslro to
wallow onco ngaln In worldly things.
f...   Mir   .-.. ,i    , ,       . .    ll  ,    ■».      i      l        .
.Ir.     ....    y. ^,..11.tltt.il,      VL   luv   M-v«_i_    h.._*.lV
ns—-(-.ven "us"—nt Dmetx from ihr*
narrow wny. Wo secured a tlckot for
"Tho Morry Widow,", Nover mind
how wo secured It: whon wo woro a
mikn of sin know Brass from gravel,
fl ■Hfl     f| tt    -r fi o f    <ty fx"   \*nyf*    h r./\yj    Vntt); '**'"*'!!
Into tho fold we have not forgotten' It,
You will notico that vory fow 6f «»
who preach to tho pooplo forgot our*
solves, As my bolovod brother Stiff-
gins rcmnrkod to u« rocontly, "Wo
have a way of drawing little things to
us,"    Yes
Brother Stlggtns wont with tis to
"The Merry Widows/ and when the
jirls were dnnclnf we had to. hold him
down In hlf cJuUr. A lady sitting
next to us was so scandalised that iho
called oui "sir, don't foncot yourself."
'7 never do, madam,' murmured SU*-
Kins ns he slippod hli "band Into tho
pocket of her opera oloak which sho
had Injudiciously hung over tbo back
of his seat. Before he had been "called to the 'work,' Stlggins *iiad . been
known.as'."hot stuff." and the sight
of those pretty girls-dancing-In 'The
Merry Widow" woke the bid Adam In
him. At'the end of the-dance,\.when
the neatest and sweetest and prettiest
of" the ladles "threw a sklr^'—whlch
we believe, the way the ungodly,
worldlngs describe the graceful'wriggle and twist which, makes a skirt float
far and free, until' it don't matter
whether you • call it a skirt or a neck-,
lace—Stlggins became' so • unmanageable that he wanted to get on th'e roof,
Wo fancy, from his ravings, he.imngln-.
ed thoro' might be more than ono
"Merry Widow" on tho promises.   -
At Intervals, dearly beloved, when
no ono was throwing a skirt, wo looked nt llio daughters of men who wero
silting In our .vicinity, anil that is
how wo camo to loom' the mysterloB
of tho hnlr-drosslng art which wo hnve
drawn' attention to enrllor this morn-
•"•*■'• '     '    ci'
Soitio of tho sweet creatures bad loft
homo In a hurry nnd had not had
tlmo lo flnlsh'bulldlngtlio head crop
properly, and wo plainly noticed four
dlstlnot Hlindos of hair on somo hond*.
Tlio "front" all old 'gold,' tho 'bun"
yellow, tlio kiss curls on tho nape of
tho nook sandy brown, and tho real
growth, rnlsed on tlio promises, tow-
colored nnd Btrnlnod at tho roots.
Doni'ly bolavofl brothron, wo admired thoso heroic women, for tho gallant efforts thoy mado to mako so
much out of so littlo. Talk about mak
Ing n mountain out of a molehill;
Homo of those Indies would havo manufactured a fashlonahlo Parisian bond
of hnir out of a hat-pin and what thoy
could pick off an old fur bon. nut
most of nil, felloW'Sliinors, wo admired
tho courngo of somo who sat noar us
in low nocked ovoning drosB, Wo love
to uno that term "low nock" though
\vn(st|)itnd would havo boon nonror tho
truth; In at least ono Instance,
Wo nskod a" worldly-looking youth
sitting by us whnt ho thought of tho
vlow-n hack vlow of tho lady wltli tho
low-nocltod dross. Tfo winked at un
nnd nnld It. wtis< "ImmonRo,' nnd lo
was right--It was—thoro was onough
Ul      ll     ill     _V.U,lt      «i. 1.1.1       _.._<_...,£,     I_l,l        tl
It-if.**.. like n pink n*nn wli'.t^ yb-v.
■jromtil. Stlggins giwcd .it lt I'.pm*
ronwly i'lil* his mouth Imlf-opan -tuMI
tx iaily nonr hy, who noticed Dm. ho
whs wn-cd as cno of tho "Ha-wid,"
•Til.)
^.■M***.,...    fl»*.     .,.,...',,. X    f,.
''.:,./7.rn
l Fernie Dairy
FRESH  MILK,
delivered    to * all
parts" of the town;
,*■ ,       *.     *       , *
 £ ; . .	
-**'.;,- '. '
Sandero & Verhaest  Brothers.-
' Proprietors
.       .- :     '-4
but a coy unclaimed packet of human
sweetness of five and thirty'summers,
. ■_" > . .
done up, or. partly done up, in-even-
done up was as full of bones,-knobb'y
lumps'and harsh brown- skin <;as the
ing' dress, and1 if the part that was
part-that was undone; "as -our ■ soul
. i *
FERNIE
that '-.ho would llko to have tho re*
vorond gentleman's thoughts for her
granul'plKino.- Sho felt cortaln thoro
was moro of earth than heaven In
thom, Yot whon Stlggins out of
puro gilodness of heart offorod to whisper Ills thoughts to hor, sho threatened (o call a vigilante, which goos
to show the strange workings of the
feminine mind: thoy can build up a
theory on the very flimsiest mute-rial
just m Milly as they can build up a
bead of hair.
N_r tho Unto lady who so graciously f_*vfl tho world a free vlow .dearly
beloved, there sat another daughter of
Evo, not a matron this time, brethren,
liveth, we can easily, understand why-
no man has yet ventured to lea. her
■ . * .    • ..
to the altar. ,. Why,' the boldest. of
men would want a halter to lead her'
.'inywhere. "Even, Stlggins said *-he
could gaze upon her unmoved iu ihe
middle of the most stirring, passage
of the skirt swirl.   .      *       ■■ '   /
Fellow sinners, we feel moved to
ask, why, oh why, will a woman;between thirty and forty,-whose whole
soul yearns to be half-and-half tn matrimony with some man, throw all her
chances to the deuce by wearing* a
style of evening dress In public that
might be all right ih the bath? ^yhy,
do the plump,- pretty ones, with the
lovely arms, only give,malo humanity
glimpses of their marvels of.color and
symmetry, ond tho bony onos, with
bladebonos like saddle flaps that have
been out In the rain and wind for
year*., provo so absurdly generous. As
my soul llvoth, brethren, It seometh to
us that tho thing wo want wo can't
got,, and tho thing wo don't want is
Rhled at ub onrly and Into. Thoro Is
noNhappy medium between our desires I
and tho. fulfllmon,t thereof.
, Wo havo strayed away from our
toxt, follow sinners; nevertheless, old
dears, wo can stray back again, for
man is mighty good at straying, oven
David, with a Iioubo full to "overflowing with good things of all agos could
not lot Uriah tho Illttlto's ono owe
lamb alono, ho had to stray. Our only
oxcuso la tlio presence In town of tho
"Morry Widow." It wo snld all that
Is In our heart to say about tho ','wld*-
dor' wo'd ho In tho divorce court or
tho comotory noxt week, so, bolovod,
instead of saying It,- lot's whlstlo lt,
whilst tho deacon takes up tho offering, nnd don't try to palm off nny
morry widow gaiter buttons for ton
cont pIocob In tho pinto, for ovon a
ducon knows oats from hayseeds whon
ho boob 'om,
Now, returning to our toxt for n
momont, va find that It rondo th, "Iron,
sharpenotli Iron, and ovon a fool wedded to a wise womnn mny In tlmo
loso somo of his dullness," A lot
of wise womon find It hnrd to got wed,
bocauso 111.0 their own sort'for mates,
and ono fool turnoth ns naturally towards another Imbocllo as on* rain*
drop runs Into nnotlior, out nomotlmoa
a man of small discernment Is Iod by
jj.o._uoiii.i_ «i x;inA)ai) i* vvi_>o wouiui. uu
u wall'. ViTita ILb liaj^cw. Jf ]y
mighty, rough bn the woman, but It Is
tho mnklng of tho man, for though
ton mon mny brulan him In a mortar
and not knock nny sense Into him,
, ,j , nt ,', m, ,.. * , i... ,. ,,,....,,,.
}V-_       . . _ _   4S,   ^MfciS#   l_>.»U>   fc*.u*   *W   l*^..-*^.**!
Into plossMit places that oven hia en*
eralos will not discover that thb outside of hli head Is worth more than
tho InsMo, except for looking glnss
purposes. To you, sister, wbo aro
unwed to run after a man; hay ahould
not pursue a horse, but why not find
but which way he walketh homo from
business In the gloaming, theii take a
tram and overtake him in a lonely
place and let blm ran, Into you by
accident. It he putteth bta arm
around your waist the fifth time of
mooting, (til him plainly tbat you ad
mlro blm bocauso you cart see ho li a
young blood who ran hold hia own
anywhere,   That will tickle blm.
Bar Unexcelled.
All White Help
-   f *-       "       *v   **
, i Everything -
1     .Up-to-date:'
"■S-T-i j ■*- '
7 -Call in and ,-
v ' see us once ■
—_0H^P0DBffiLA«0IKi-P_op>—
r
■.'-■■I
-■A
i ri
Ferule's Lending -Commercial,
*. - and Tourist House '
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
'
I Livery, Feed
and Sale, Stables
'     '  ' .7 fl
First class Horses for Sale.,   $
ft
Buys Horses on Commlslon
George Barton.   Phone
li
i.
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General TeamstcA-s No.
141, Moots ovory Friday night at
8 p." m. Minors' Union Hnll, W.
A Worthlngton, Prosldont; E. J,
Good, Socrotnry. •'
Bartenders' Local No. -.514: Moots 2nd
and 4th Sundays nt 2.30 p,m, Socrotnry J. A, douplll, Wnldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U, M. W. A,
Moots 2nd and 4th Thursday Minora
Union hnll,    j), Hoon, So**,
Typographical Union No. 6B5-" Moots
last Saturday In onch month at tho
Lodgor Office,    A. J, Buckley, Soc-
IcU*,*,/.
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P. of C. Meet*
In Minors Union Hall every Sunday
, at 7.45 p.m. 13vorybody wolcomo. D.
' Pnton, Socretary-Trensurer,
Amalgamatsd Boelsty Oarpantars ant»
Jolnsrs!—Moot In Minera Hall every
alternate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
warb> locrotnry. P, 0.387.
United Brothsrhood of Carpenters and
Jolnars^-Local 1120. D, J, Evans,
rrttuldttut. ., H. Shaw, Bwcretary.
Dr. dc Van'i Female P11U
•41 eh_o liulUttuM. tit.d« rut's a
i#
IftM.
Oat.
For Sal* at BIsasdcD'a Drujj Itort. I,
-'-". -
ir
-yr—r~~
■- <**
' -"THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE;. B. 0., JULY 15,mi.
^Y^Y'-n
,t  /s\~r -v
K /"' /7>*-"!,"
' 7 .
to
*•-.-
Th^fWeek'sM^sfor
- ■   ■ ■ .'•_-.    . ,;„--;.. ... v   ; -:.,-'
n Brothers
WESTMORELAND,7PA., 'JE 7. .7    "
-' .        '      ,    * RUSKOMVANI'eRIKE
\
.*.   ,._-,-  ■ i .ur- -     -y .y
.' .'-' Obsobna svoboda ■' pravo'■ a spravod-
.* Hvost- sii na'Westmot-edandskej"oko-
Jici.veci nezname. 70v£eri len'Co-sa
• tjka' s'taykujuclch a ihy_i robot'nlkbv,
>a Ich priateroV.'„"-.Tak-*? sudca je tam
neobmedzenyiti, panonv, ori". je^, nad za-
■ Icon a nad cele spolbcenskS'zariadenle.
'Ozbrojenym   pochopom, .ktorych. plati
..kapital,, je* dovolene yietk'o,' a beda
' tomu smrtel'nikoyi, ktory vby sa take-
muto klackarovl - zprotivll.-,ten je„ua
., mieste zvnraSdeny,   A-to je jeho'jedine" Staastle';* inak by 2alaru neuSlel,
Sudcovia,   na   naporucenie   Pennsylvania Railroad Company a* Westmoreland  Coal  Co.,  vydali  protl  rob'otnl-
'"-   kom,-proti stavkujuciin banikom tie
riajbarbarskejsle    zapovede , (injunctions), a bezzakonitost' je' na okolici
* Creensburgu'tak.vel'kazp tamejsl oby-
-. viatella myslia, lie su v, Mexlku alebo
v,-,Ru8ku.  .   *   .. *' ...'1 .7   .'.   '    '
*'- ~.Jak-3mu vprenasledovaniu sii robot-
**, ii lei na Westinorelandskej .okolici- so
v'strany prfemysloyyck vladcov vystave-
-.-' ni, to najlepsie yldnovz   vypravania
'•■} johna "Ruff nra.--   John    Ruffner , ma
.airnu asiStvrt' mlle'od toho" mlesta,
. ; kde holo kozakmi napadnutb tych ..00
■   "banikov, k'tori,;§li*na schodzu.vypoP.ut'
, svojhb*" hlavheho pre'dsedu-White a.pod-
'. Hayesa;*' Narodil sa tuna tejto farme
.' pre<_„52 rokmi, a jeho btec sa* narodil
tiei-na'.tej samej farme.',- Je,tq.",typ
■ prav-Sho'amerlckeho  robbtnika,  a  je
kandidatem  za Serifa  na-.socialistic-
,kom Ustku.  ' Ked'- vy'pukmila* stavka,
vtedy zaCaly spolocnosti jjvyhaiiat** robotnikov zo svojich dpm'ov.. ' B.oly to
vyjav'y, More*  sa _aryly   'hlboko- "do
-pam'ati ka2ed6ho kto'ich.-vldel.'.-."Ne'd-
- balo sa na nembene 2eny."ria _eny len
.! niekol'ko hodin po porade.'nedbalo sa
ani na slabe a utle, v mnohych'pri-
.   padoch t'aBko nemocng'deti, jestll'ich
-*. zlvlte. Vysiel na .stavku, nemilbsrdnl a
surovi pochopovia kapitalu yyhadzall
*, celu rodlnu na daJdivu a blatiy'u ullcu,
odklal'   nemlal sa'k'am pbhniit'.. r,Toto
yideli mnohi okolifini* farmari, a pone;
' va£ ani onl nemaju bd spoloenosti na
, ru.ru_iach  ustlano, Jked'. prlSly* pre
takto na, ullcu ..vybadzanycii [ banikov
j. stariy,' mnohivzVnich,Va*'"nahidnu'ii.' 2e
dovolia banikom,*'aby nalch ^pbzem-
-' koch"stariy. si."pbstavlll a*,tak "aspbn
-^61astoc-ane-'~pred'^dazd'om7n-T,etr6in™7a"
-".mrazom chranenl boll,   y' z •'", J ,*'
7 Jedn-ym   z   najprvnejSlch.farmerov,
ktorl svoje pozeinky .banlkbiri  - pre
stavanie•:* stynby. -nabldniill^, .bol   ,u2
spomenuty Bu'druh*Ruffner.   'ACosa
mii,za torrie8talo?7, U3S na;druhy.'den
bol, zatknuty a pred'sudeu^McCornelia
;predyedeny kde sa^mal'z';tohoto pre-*
Clnu zodpovedat',   "Sp'omeniity*. sudca
totli   vydal zakaz, ie.Ruffrier nesmie
-I.-.-  -.
■ doyollt',, aby na Jeho possemku ;*maH
.' barilcl, postavene stany."■" To" uV bolo
predsa leri mnoho".'",Ved' kaJdy vie ie
.   sukromny, majetok /Jloyeka . Je nedot-
■ knutel'ny, a ie nad »lm poruClf, moZe
jedine a len majltel', 'To'sl.myslel
aj sudr. Ruf f nor,, ale Jako" uispbme-
nuto'na za5latku  tohoto^;-Slanku,  ie
.■ «a Wostmorelandflkerokollcl niet pro-
va.'anl osobnej svobody, nnl' Bpravodl;
. nostl, sudca pokutoval Ruffnera $13.50
a prlsno mu naporuCIl, 2e' banikov na
svojom pozomku drint" nesmie! Ovfiem
eudr. Ruffner noznplatll pokutu, hovo-
rll, io skoroj zhnljo v, ialdrl, ml by
..takuto nespravodllvu pokutu platll, nnl
banikov zo iJVojho pozomku novypovo-
dal. ' Preto ho ma spolofinost* vo zv-
laRtnej' laske, a proto ,tloi bol Jeho
• brat streleny a on snm hoi skoro no
emrt' ublty,'
Bodn tomustnvkarovl, ktory sa od-
vail 1st* po vorojnoj costo,     Znlo to
, smiesne, ale Je to pravda. Jak ro-
pubjlknnsky sudca McConnell v JTnml-
,. eon bltroso, tnk domokrntloky BUdcu
Doty v Keystone dlfitrlkto, obn vydnll
sudno zaltazy, to bnnloi nosmu' chodit'
,'po vorojnych cestach. Kto protl to-
muto Hczakonit6rau"tt,bnrbarBk.$mu zn.
" kazu sa prohrefil, ton Jo ialarovany,
nlo v mnohfeb prlpndoch I hnod' znv-
raJdony,
Stnl sii nnslodujucl prlpnd, Unlovy
' banik IBlel po eosto. Bolo to ktory si
don minuloj zlniy, Nn costo ho zns*
tavll Jeden koznk n ohco'l po nom, nby
mu povednl svojo mono,' Dnnlk tonto
bol Slovnk, n afiltol'vok novodel nn*
Rllcky, prodsa rozumol, to Itoznk ohco
vedot' Joho mono.    Preto slnh'nul do
vaCka, vytiahnul z.neho svoju'[unlovu
kartu'"a podayal ju kbzakovi,-' aby .st
meno "preCitel,- p'ofa2ne oclpisal:,' A _b
kozak? Ked'.lotor.:,tento*videl pred sebou . prlst'ahovalc'a,1 a.! yedomy. -, si sue"
svojej ygeinohucnosti, zaklial'.ani t^n
najhorSl degenerat.,'vytlahnul ,7..pogvy
revolver a'bez'jakejkol'vek prlCiny pre-
strelil bahtkbvi liiaYU,'tak, 5e tento .v
minute bol mrtvy:. A tento vrah nebol
za tento zfoCin nikdy 2alovany, ani zat-
knuty nebol,. ba ani k zodpovednosti
nebol^t'ahany." A preco. by mal byt'?
'Spolocnost' ma ria "svojej strane koza-
kbv preto, aby yra2dili„ a preto ked'
vraZdia, nemo2u byf'za te k zodpovednosti t'ahani. ' A potom, ved' sa tu
jenda . "len" o jedno. duchych, fhud-
obn'ych prlst'ahovalcov.        •,    '
Mnohy z  eitatel'ov bude sa dlvlf,
jako to nioie li'yt', Ze spolofinost'. takto
s robotnlkmi a s" obyvatel'mi tamej-
§lml zachadza, a predsa vZdy prl vol'-
bach. svojich kandidatov. zvoli. * * Jed-
noducha..-"odpoVed*.,_. .Spolofinost'.. ma
moc a peniaze,-a to dnes plati. " Vel'-
ka'vafiSina' robotnikov jenevedonia
Zvlast' na§i ro'daci, za fio moZu d'ako-
vat'-jedine knazom a tak zvanym "vod-
com",.ktori su zase leri s.knazmi spo-
jeni,, hlasuju . ria   toho,  kto   im - ku'pl
poharek "plya alebo, whisky.    ' Nagmu
filo'vekoyl.'stafii,*': aby   sa.nanho  taky
kandldat usmial, a on jeoch'otny'zan-
ho,.- skoi it- 1 do ' ohna.,- ,rT-C*ch vojlfioy
ktori ^sa nedaju zaslepif plvom, wtils-
kou al^ebo' usmevom,  dostarie spolofinost * na svoju stranu tfia, ie im po-
hrbzis prepiistenim z prace.     A taky
Robotnik vie, ze by v celom okrese ne-
dostal    'pracu.ked'  by -bol od ■ jednej
spolofinost! prepusteny, a preto hla'su-
je.nakoho je mu porufieno.
. Zakial'  'nebolo,  na '. Westmoreland
skej okolici socialismu,   zatial'   boly
tamejSie pomery este -neznesitel'nejgie,-
ponevafi.qiahonfii a plateni agenti ved'e-
II vfetkoumlfiat'",—'na.verejnost' ne-
dostalo    sa" . ani .T.toho "najmensieho.
Vtedy sa volilo takto; -Politicka inaSina
nechjuZ republikanska alebo'demokra-
tlcka,'postavila,karididatov,^s ktorymi
ovliem -musely -,' spolofinost!   suhlasif.
Ked' prlSiel den volleb, riahnall k tomu
zjednanl,iiradniclvspolofinostl robotnikov do volebnych iniestn'osti, kde iiZ
fiakall ini uradnici; tlto vyplnill kaZ-
d&riu robotnikovi hladsovafil llstok tak
jako oni; chceli, dall zplatky robotnikovi, "ktory* ho; pred ich pfiaml-muse1,
vlozit'*do-"urnlrT7"%edbaIoTTsa^
vega kronanja s tem.'da"bO'bo _dtegnili
prisostvovanju. svake ''slivnosti klje
bila zvezi s krbnanjemjv,'"''_,'.*?" "r J, .
:; Socialistifino.- delvastvo^na^AngleS-1
kem je organizlralo inogoBni"' protest
iprpti samopasni po'trati; .preirioga v
y^ednosti ?250,000,"katerega so.p'oZgali
za razne uriietalne'ognje. .in lufii-v
nofii.na dan kraljevega'kronanja70(.i-
vidno je, da-bodovsledtegatisbfiiin
tisofii trpeli,/ pomaiikajnje:""'pfembga
prlhodnjo zin^o, vsledfiesar-'je tako po-
fietje navadni zlofiin. ' y,y. ■ ->' **'
' James.Keir Hardie, socialistlfini poslanec v arigleskem, parlamehtu, je. z
ozirom na ;kraljeyi cirkus vLoridonu
izjavil sledefie: "Delavci; ki''so vedno
in'- povsod potisnje'ni 'k tlom, inorajo
imeti.toliko regpekta, da pljuriejo na
te krpnske proces!je. V teh.prbcesi-
jah-rii ne humanitete, ne.vere, niti in-
dustrije, temvefi zgolj silai ktera tlafii
ljudstvo. Delavci morajo skrbeti, da
kralje', carje,' ces'arje in bstalo sodrgo
te vrste fiimpfej poZenejo tam kamor
spadajo."—Proletarec. *    .     -.-'''-
NOTICE OF ASSIGNMENT.';:
'-,
LA LOI SUR LES PENSIONS
OUVRIERES EN  FRANCE
Les B6n6ficiaries'
nifi, je^li ten-ktory "robotnik obfiariorn
alebo bpravnenym^ k, yol'be, im, bolo1
potreba. hlasoy, a preto'. hlasbvall aj
taki,'ktorl. boli dva-trimesiace v Am-
"erlke.'. T6te" dnes su taWpflpady, ale
len tam, kde niet socfallsto'v, l--.de su
Bociallstl, tain su podbbn^ ."partyky
nemoZn^. . ,-'       ■      ,     »'."■"
' "A eSto jeden*pripad barbarlsmo.* Ne-
davno tomu, eo jedno, 14-rofino diev-
Catko, mrzak, sodelo-pred dombm 6yb>,
jlch rodlfiov, ke^' naraz okolo nej pre*
§lisl, jeden' sk'^b. Dlevfia' sa zafinlo
smlat' a Bpievalo si v'svejej detins
ko*3t( piosen "Will there be any '-Jtars
In My Crown?" Za toto vysdvlhnul
bI konstabel Pat McDonough na dlevfia
zatykatVzatknul ho a odvllekol ho dp
Irwin, dvo mile od domova, kde ho
iwstavil' pred "skyajera" H, L. Mer-
hoffa. > Skvajer uzrial (llevfia za vlnng
z "ruSenla pokojn,. a posudll ho na
dvadsat" dnl do Zalara, , Po.Vynosonl
■rozsudkii dlevfia- holo odvlocene . do
Greensburgu, kde bolo hodend do Za-
loi-a pro vafiSlch zlofilncbv, Okrom tohoto dlovfiat'a posudena bola Joj sestra
Mlnnla 17 rokov Btnra, Maria Lonie, 32
rokov stara a matka zmrzafiendho dlev-
Cnt'a a Mlnnlo, a pnni Mnrta Bdkerova.
Tieto spnehnly ton hrozny zlo61n, Zo
kod' lfili.skdbl z prnco nlobo do liraco,
tlkly, pnliciibu na plochovd krablce od
rajskych. jablfilolt, Za ton snmy"zlo-
filn" boly'do inlnrauviimutd: pi. M.
Means, joj dedra, Dot Smith, 10 rokov! Btnra, S nou 161n Joj dedra, An-
dolla Smith, 3 moslnce Btarn, a Tllllo
Moans, 13-rokov stara, Zatvorona bola
tloZ panl Orzulovn so ovojlm 18 mesiacov stnrym dlot'at'ora., Tloto lony a
dotl boly vypiiBtond zo ialarn dna 10.
Junn, n to lon tnk, So "ftorlfovl holo hii
no zaplatono $324-~Rovnost L'udu.
,La" loi des. retraites ouvrieres - vise
deux categories d'Indlvidus auxqueH-
ii faut donner egalem.'nt'le nom d'as*
sum-5s.    .-'.,'
, La premiere comprend les salaries
des-deux sexes de 1'industrle, dtf commerce, ^des, professions liberales et. da
I'agrlculture; les serviteurs v a gage?,
don^estiques et femmes de menage letj
salaries de'l'Btat qui ne sont pas
places sous 1_ regime des' i>ensions
civil bu des pensibns^mllltarires, enfin,
le salariris des departments et des
communes.       ..7 ; ,--
On *'entend par salaries tous ceux
dont le * salaire annuel ne passe pas
3,000/francs. lis ont droit a une re-
traite'de vielllesse. Mais ils sont
tenus de contribute, a sa constitution
p'a'r des versements auxquels la loi
les assujetti; .lie.'encourage leur effort; par une contribution de l'Etat,
mais elle Ies oblige' a etre prevoyants
ce,sont,les- assures .obligatories.
.. La seconde categorie, 'comprend les
fermiers, metayers et cultiv'ateurs; les
artisans et petits ■ patrons qui,' habi-
tuellement travaillent'seuls ou avec
un seul • ouvrier, bu encore avec des
membres de leur famille. salaries' ou
non,'habitant avec eux. . II faut encore ranger., dans' cette categorie les
membres non salaries de la famille
du/fermier," du" m-5tayer, du ciiltlva-
te'ur de l'artisan, du'petlt patron, justi-
flarit qu'ils habitent et travaillent habl-
tuellemerit-, avec j* lul,' les-"' femmes ou
veuves non salaries !de's assures, enfin
les salaries qui justiflent que-leur sa-
laire;annuel:* estT'supgrleur. a*
f rancs mals "ne'.. dd'passe ' pas
francs. "
3,000
5,000
PROLETAR8K1 ODMEVI
LONDON8KEQA CIRKU3A
i _
' 1U.0OO fitrajkujofilh pormognrjov v
Tonypnndy, Wales, ;o 22. Jun. i*"olo*.
tlrlo protl bodnsllm potratam krulj.i-
List of Locals District 18
I. • l*-—^*•*■******■**•**' llllfcMII
N Si. »   ^,AM_     *\      *'8BC. and P.O. ADDRESS
20 Bankhoad , k. Whentloy, .Dnnlthond, Alta.
m Beaver Crook. p. daughter Beaver Croek, via Plnchor
«i nollovuo j, nurko, Bollovuo, Prank, Altn.
*i!.. «w,",oro ••• »? J.Chase, Blnirmoro, Alta.
mot «   .     :'■ -ft*,    ^rbyihlro, Burml. Altn,
Sw nIZ       J; "' n^,0l)' Carbondalo, Colemnn, Altn.
]1"!  Cnnmoro.; ,. N, D. Thaohuk, Cnnmoro, Altn. :
. *vm  Colomnn,.,.  w, Graham, Colomnn, Alta.
_, __•'   ^ Wtt. i  K' J 0II*,,' Uorb,D' M. °-
..»  2,B0ok,Mlnei "•• Wm' V*TtVih> mm™« klty, AUa.
Ji;; SBTnd c,t5r Chftr,eil 0rbl"1'Dlnmon(I cuy, Lothbnd«o.    '
2314   Fertile  Thos, Uphill, Pernio, B. 0,
• ?_?_   f/"Bk ;' a Wco,( ^^ M*-
iSS* uT"* '"" W' B»,d«"»(^. »o«mer, B. 0.
r«   i W C''Mt J* 0l 3mM' '"»«w«t, Altn.
ii« ^??,,,_W  L•,Moow,' P' 0l "M "*• L«t»»brldgo,.    ,
il«  VTi       *" Cm*««*J*Q«' Ofnpham, see., via Klpp, Alta,
""   Z   ,  *• u Bv'*n*' m*> v™*, AUa
;!;! ?!?pJa.Un M*0,,d,jr' "»«•'• Le»'. iwiotm, ah;.
S3J«   Mlchol  m, Burroll, Mlchol, B. O.
l«   Monarch Mint,.,, Horace Woodleld, Taber, Alta.
Mfi2   Passburff Wm. Cooko, Paaibnrf, Alls,
8iJ.  JT' V,ow •"•••''Th'm' n- pl^.^ynf.CoJlfcrlc8.UtUbriaKo,AUft
iS Iai>cr W,I,UM ««•••». Tabor, Alta.
im  Tnh«r B. Brown, Tabor, AlU.
. La' loi perm'et.' a ceux-la de se con-
8tituer une pension de -retraite; elle
les y encourage par "une contribution
de l'Etat, mals elle ne les y oblige pas:
ce sont les ksaurgs facultatlfs.
- 7   "    L'age de la retraite  , ■■>.
L'age normal' de Ia retraite es.t de
65 ans aussi bien pour les assures ob-
ligatoires * que pour les assures facultatlfs. ■ Cependant, a;partir de 55 ans,
les assures ^obllgatolres peu vent re-
clamer la liquidation anticlpe« de leur
pension de retraite. ■ Ce droit n*appar-
tientpas aux assures facultatlfs,
, Les assures obllgatolres bu facultatlfs, qui Sont attelnts de bliassures
grave ou d'lnflrmltes prematurees en-
tralnant.uno lncapacit-5 absolue ot per-
manente de travail peuvent, a tout age
falre Hquldor leur'retarlte par antlclpa
tion.
" II en soralt nutrement' si leurs blessures ou lnfirmltes rdsultnient d'nccl-
dents du .travail. Dans co cas, lis
ho bendflcleralont unlquomont quo des
Indemnity pr6vuos par la loi Hur les
accidents du travail, la loi dos retraites no dovant Jouer pour eux qu'a
l'age normal, 05 ans, ou a l'age regie-
montalro do la liquidation antlctp-io —'■
a partlr do 55 ans pour los obllgntolreB
seulement,
A romarquor en ce qui concorne les
assures facultatlfs qu'ils no pourront
rdclamer la liquidation de leur rotralto
par anticipation on cas d'lncnpaclt-S
absoluo ct permnnento do travail quo
si depuis la mlBo on vlguour do la
loi ou dos l'ngo do 18 ans Ils ont versd
chaquo anndo la contribution mlnln*
mum de 0 francs.
. Cotlsatlon ouvriere.     Versement
Patronal
Los nssurds obllgatolres (hontmes)
dolvopt vorsbr 0 francs pnr nn, o'est-n.'
dlro 0 fr. 03 pnr Journdo do travail; los
fornmoB flfrancs par an, soit 0 fr. 02 pnr
Journdo do trnvnll; les mlnours nu-
dossous do dlx-hult nns, n partlr du
momont ou Ils ont un snlnlro en ar<
Bont, 4 fr. 60 par ah, o'est-a-dlro 1 con-
tlmo ot deml pnr Journdo dc travail.
Us patrons qui emplolent dos as-
Burds , obllgatolres dolvent vorsorja
memo sommo quo coux-cl. 11 est cependant a romarquer que les nflsuriSfl
obllgatolres qui veulont so conntlttior
uno pension plus dlovee pourront fnlro
un vor<i»«ni-**nt «^n/(^!/.„«  „.»,..    .       ,
patron no sera pan te->-n-it de c-vritrlhiirr
nu fiola do 0 frnncs, fl francs ou 4 fr.
B0, qui constituent lo taux normal flxd
Par la loi.
81 lo patron omplolo dos ouvriors
ayant drtla l*>nr fir-nnic,,- ^A rc*ril!c
car l'ouvrier rotraltd pourra conllnuer
do travolllor, mnla 11 no pourra plus
rien vorsor — II sorandanmolns tonu
do fnlro des versements do 9 francs
ou do 6 francs. S'il omplolo dos
ctrangora, coux-cl auasl blon quo Io
patron lui-meme, noront tonus aux ver-
somonts obllratolroi ttxH par In loi.
Ku ce qui concerno les astur<«s fact.!-
tallfs, la lot dlstlnguo,  selon qu'l)
sa*<lt des fermiers, cultlvste-urs, er-
tlsnns ofpotlta patrons, on qu'll %'aau
do metayers.
Ut fermiers, cnltlvateurs, artisans
ou pfiUu Mrons, oevront vorsor nn
minimum do 0 francs p*,r an et «n
mnxlmum de n franca.     Ila confon*
;** Pursuant;,to ',the.."Creditors' ~ Trust
Deeds Act/ arid amending Acts, notice
Is hereby given.jhat Frederick Richard
Wa'y3ett,*.carrying'on business in the
Ciry of Fernie. "'.Johnson-Falconer
Block, Victoria ; Avenue, by ■ deed■ *of
assignment; foi*.. the", beaefit _ of creditors, bearing'date' of the 12th. day'.of
June, 1911, made in pursuance-of .the
Creditors 'Trust'Deeds Act, has "granted and', assigned "unto Cornelius E." Lyons of the'Clty of.Feriiie, aforesaid,
broker,- all his ""--persona} estate, credits and "effect's "which .-may be seized
and sold under execution, and all his
real estate, In trust to pay. the creditors of the said Frederick Richard
Waylett, . ratably and proportionately
their just claims without preference or
priority, according to law. •  -.
A meeting of the'creditors of'the
said Frederick Richard Waylett will
be held at the law offices of Messrs,
Eckstein & McTaggart, Eckstein Build
Ings, Cox Street, Fernie, British Columbia on the 24th day of June, 1911,
at 2,30 o'clock in the afternoon for
the giving of directions for the disposal of the said estate. All persons
having claims' against the said 'Frederick1 Richard Waylett are required to
deliver to the^asslgnee at his address
above, mentioned, particulars^ of the
same duly,verified together with particulars" of any security which may be
held by them therefor as required by
the act, on or before the 15th day of
July, 1911. All" persons'indebted to
■the said Frederick'Richard Waylett
are requiredto pay the amount due by
them to the said assignee forthwith.
After the 15th day of July, A.D. I91l|
the assignee will proceed to distribute
the assets among those parties who
are'-entitled thereto, having regard
only-to the claims of which he shall
have then had due notice.,, ".  ., •'■
Dated the 12th day of June, 1811. • '
'   ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
, -      . Solicitors for the Assignee
Eckstein ,;Building, Fernie, B. C.
IE.
PAGE  SEVEN
IN
T
Ernest Walter, Once a London Draper,
H  Is'Now a Successful Farmer
. In Manitoba
dent en leur personne la rjualite du'pa-
tron et celle d'ouvrier;  ici la cotisa-
'.'*,*- .    **      *>■
tion est unique.V. Pour les metayers,
eu contraire, les proprietaries seront
tenus de faire* les memes versements
qu'eux". •   Les' mdtayers pourront ver-
ser au minimum 6 francs et au max.-*
mum 18 francs;-mals les proprtetaires
ne yerseront, eri-aucun cas, plus de 9
francs par- ari, chlffre maximum de la
contribution patroriale.
y    *-   7 En "case de dices
. Si_"_un,_aB8ur6)7_encoi_e_astreint— aux-
obllgations de la loi, decede • avant
d'etre 'pourvuf-*de sa.pension, II'sera
alloug; "a .sa "veiive, sans enfants ae
moins de" seize"ans, 50 francs par mols
pendant trois, mols; aux enfants de
molhs de seize ans,. 50 francs par mois
pendant six.mois, s'ils sont au nombre
de trois ou plus; 50 francs par mois
pendant cinq mois s'ils sont au nombre
de deux; 50 francs par moils pendant
quatre mois, s'il n'y en a 'qu'un seul.
Toutefois,, ces allocations no seront
acqulses auxayants droit que si l'as-
surd decedd avait effectue le versement des trois'clnquiemes de la cotlsatlon legale depuis son inscription.
Exemple; yolcl un ouvrier assujetti a
la loi depuis l'age de vlngt-clnq'ans;
11 meurt a l'age de quaranto-trois ans',
laissnnt uno veuve ct quatre enfants
agds de moins de seizes ans.
' Pour que la veuve et les enfants
pulssent bdneflcier des allocations prd-
,vuos,' e'est-a-dire toucher 300 francs,
soit 50 francs pendant six mois! II faudra tout d'abord prouvor quo le marl,'
lo pero'avait vorsiS 102 fr. 60, ropre-
sentnnt les trois clnquiomcs do sa
cotisntlon Idgnlo do vlngt-clnq ans a
quaranto-trols ans.
Le domando d'allocatlon dovra otro
ddposoo a la malrle de Ia residence do
I'nssurd ddcddd ou do hos ayants-drolt,
Ello dovra etre appuydos; (l) d'un bul-
lotln de ddcos, (2) d'un cortlflcat du
malro do la reBldonco do 1'nBsurd dd*
cdrld ou d'un acto de notorldtd falsant
connnltro In sltuntlon do famille du
ddfunt, ainsl quo les noms, prdnomfl,
dates do nalssance et rdsldenecs dos
bdridflclarlos ot, lo cas dchdant, los
nom, prdnoms ot domlcllo du tutour;
(3) do ln enrto d'lndontltd do 1'aBsurd
ot do sa enrto nnnuollo on cours,
Lo mnlro ddllvrorn un rdcdplssd do
la domnndo ot transmottra Immddlnt.
mont collo-cl nu prdfot, qui stntunra
d'tirgonno, Los allocations seront aus-
Bitot ordonnnncdoB.—L'Ouvrlor Mlnour
Many "reasons have been assigned
for England's comparatively' slow response" to Canada's alluring offerv, of
free homesteads in-the great North-
West, but perhaps the most potent is
the idea so widely prevalent among
the working classes that lack of agricultural .knowledge necessarily precludes from success. Those on whom
this'notion has hitherto acted as a de^'
terrent would do well to study the
story of Mr. Ernest Walter, who,
though now a thriving Saskatchewan
farmer, formerly worked for a London
draper. Mr. Walter emigrated In 1902,
and, after spending what were, owing
to his unfamiliarity with manual labor,
a trying two months on a Quebec farm,
proceeded to Manitoba. Here he secured inmmediate work for the harvest' season, subsequently engaging
with his employer for the ensuing
twelve months. In the meantime he
took up a homestead thirteen miles
from Estevan, in the neighboring province of Saskatchewan,* where with a
neighbor's assistance he erected' a
small shack.
,It was not until 1904 that he actually
began farming for himself, .having
spent the intervening.period in acquiring a small capital and increasing his
experience. His first crop, though of
fine quality, was practically a failure,
owing to late'sowing and frost.' Naturally despondent, at this set-back, he
contemplated giving up, but. further
consideration convinced him of the unwisdom of abandoning'the fruits of his
hard work to others. He therefore put
in another,crop, his perseverance being ukimately rewarded by a steady
improvement in his prospects'.- The
following.year he added to his capital
by working for a Government road-
team.while his crop was growing,, supplementing his earnings by hiring out
for threshing jobs with his team. His
crop sold. for seventy cents a bushel.
Later crops;'.however, repaid his industry with a return of ninety cents a
bushel, twenty-five bushels' to the acre
Mr. Walter's"; experience with dairy-
farming shows that -there- are great
possibilities in this branch of agriculture in Canada, especially if taken up
by*-*a man, with a more expert knowledge, and better poultry and stock,
than-1 he.himself possessed. His own
two-cows, fed simply, on the prairie
grass,"-kept in milk himself, his wife,
and- two others who were staying in
the house', and yielded enough butter
to sell 'in the town; "while from his
thirty-hens,he got a more-than sufficient, supply of eggs. ; > '-
His' nine years'., experience of the
much-dreaded Canadian winter has
■ ?.f _•¥•*£ convinced that, though colder,
-if_110___fr_l._ia.^*J_*.Q   .mh^J--'      _*^i. *-_      «,,-.—
—■-—•>—•'--■Jv- preiewcu—iO-u_e— Mignsn-
variety. .Although' always1 in poor
health when in* England, he has never
had-a-day's sickness since he landed
in .the Dominion. ' Life on the prairie
was somewhat lonely at first, but he
prefers   lt to* living in' a ■-'city.1
IQIENE DEL LAVORO
Lo profosslonl clio vogllono II contlnuo Invoro dol'miiBcoll sono lo plu
Bano, so puro la Inlqua soclotn protlno
borghese nttunln concedeggo nl Invorn*
toro, cho croa la plu flrnn pnrto dolln
rlochc7za soclalo, una hubna n'llmon-
tazlono.od una snna abltazlono, so
non lo cohdannnHso n'd un lavoro por
la flovorclila duratn sovon to Inumnno,
I •rtih.iuiii, io uoiiiit*, i vecchj non do jii'her'poultry "yard." 8ho hns
now:
There,is'always a certain amount of
social life, to be had, while in some
towns,debating societies and similar
nstltutlons- provide a means of Intel-'
lectual,, culture. Moreover, there" ls
hardly a district without' Its newspaper. Failures, which are compara
tiyely few, Mr. \yalter attributes chief
ly to1 recklessness ln getting into'debt
—an easy '..ilng to do in Western Can '
ada, where, credit can always be ob'
talned by an industrious man—snd Improvidence, in neglecting to husband
the resources ot good sensons to tide
over the bed. The critical period,, Mr.
Walter states,Js the.first five years..
If a man como through them success-'
fully tliere is no reason why he should
not go on. Tho valuo of his own homestead ho estimates at about $5,000, exclusive of stock and Implements, and
this amount, of course, Increases every
year,
HAREM .SKIRT DANCE
A   New   Movement Designed for the
Unpopular Dress
To suit tho now,hnrem Bklrt, the professors of tho Parjs Dancing Academy
havo introduced a now dnnco from tho
East, which might bo callod the cheroot danco, from tho nnmo of an Ottoman Bnrmcnt, It Ib said to bo Just tho
thing for persons' * woarlng harem
skirts, ns it will show tho harmonious
movements of tho limbs, Tho schomo,
we aro told, may bo for a slnglo pair
or for a number of couples;1 llko any
modern round dnnco, Aftor tho couples aro taught how to stop out, wo nee
In tho instructions nt a cortaln point
tho following proscriptions: "Horo
tho lady, having dlsongagod the lowor
part of hor Ior, mnkos two stops, turning round." This "gmcoful" move*
"jont, wo aro told, could not bo appreciated if tho wenror hud on nn ordinary long skirt, Ilut tho harem skirt
doos not soom.to bo malting much pro*
dross. Porhups this Is reserved for the
liarom Bklrt dnnco,
PASSION FOR POULTRY
Madams Padertwskl Mas Over a Thou*
sand Chickens and Fowl
Mmo. Padorowskl, wlfo of tho famous
pianist, who lives nt a boautlful conn*
try scat on tho border of Lako Loman,
has boen noulnntcd by   tho  French
A(*-rlcnlf».    Mm**.   Pnii-tron.oVt'ii nn,.„tr,.
.   . ... _ ^ .,. .     ...     _ * •-*'
NEW PROCESS At MINT
VVonderful ■ New   Method bf'Refining
Gold is Adopted by the Royal
,      *■; Mint at Ottawa
This is the age of the introduction
of new things, new systems, new.pro-
cesses—and the. Royal.Mint,* Government institution though it is, does not
run counter toj the age."
They have introduced a brand new
refining' process down , there. It removes from the gold all silver and
what they caM the "base" metals—the
low-down, depraved metals for,which
there's no hope of "salvation—leaving
a solid chunk of the pure yellow stuff
that men live and struggle and die for.
The" principle of the new process is the
principle of the stuff that makes the
street cars go and makes a cat's tale
crackle when you rub it in the wrong
way—electricity.
The gold containing the "base" metals is melted with sliver in such proportions as to form an alloy or mixture
of 40 per cent, gold, 56 per cent sliver
and.4 per cent, of the inevitable.
This alloy is poured Into Iron moulds
and forms a plate approximately 15
inches long, 3 inches wide, % inch
thick.
These plates, called the "anodes,"
are now suspended ln an earthenware
vessel or tank,-44 plates in each, containing., a dilute solution of silver
nitrate and a' little nitric acid. Oppo-'
site each plate at a distance of 2%
inches, is hung a very thin strip of
pure silver called tbe cathode.     '
When an electric current is passed
through the "anodes" to the "cathodes" it enures <the silver to dissolve
and pass over to the "cathode" on
which it deposits in minute brilliant
crystals. ■ The base metals also dissolve, but are kept in solution by the
nitric,acid.' When a sufficient quantity has deposited the "cathodes" are
lifted out and the silver crystals
scraped off, washed, melted*and cast
into, silver bars. 'When the silver is
deposited very rapidly beautiful masses of crystals arc formed remarkably
like very delicate fern fronds.
This takes almcst all the silver out
of the gold. Ths'"anodes" are now
about 96 per rent, the pure Porcupine
stuff.. A further electrical process,
somewhat similar'to the first, takes
the remaining four per. cent, out of the
gold, leaving it. about 9S.95 per cent,
pure. The gold is then ready for alloying with copper to form the standard
gold bars from which the present sovereigns are made..
The introduction of the electrical
process of gold refinement places Canada's mint'on'a-'pavof up-to-dateness
with any mint in the world.    -
SEVENTEEN MILLIONS
 -_,.:, . <**.
Amount Grand Trunk Pacific is Planning  to   Spend   This   Year—'
Great Development
' Seventeen.'million- dolIar8____wllI__bB
spent by the1 Grand Trunk Pacific diir-
ing 1911 in constructing new lines and
erecting station buildings throughout
the West;- There will be 619 miles of
work undertaken on the branch HneB
and completed during the present season. . This will*' include* the Calgary
branch, Battleford branch, Melville-
Regina branch, Alberta Coal branch,
Regina-Boundary branch, -Moose"'Jaw
branch, Prince Albert branch and Big-
gar to Calgary. There will also be 265
miles of main line track laid, bb well
as 200 miles further grading on the
branch lines.
Arrangements aro also being made
for tho erection of 140 station buildings. This Is the .largest and most ex-
pensive year's work that the Grand
Trunk Pacific has undertaken: The
majority of new branch lines to be
constructed will bo laid In districts
hitherto totally untouched by railroad
development. Rapid strides havo already beon made towards completing
tho main lino botwoon Edmonton and
the coast, and up to tho prosont 365
miles of steel has been laid. Prom
Edmonton, going west, tho lino is completed as far as Pralrio Crook, which
ls tho ontranco to tho foot hills of the
RockleB, and from tho coast working
towards tho Rockies 1.05 miles of track
has already been laid,.
This yeur tho work will bo pushed
ahead as rapidly as posslblo, and from
Pralrio Crook fully anothor 165 miles
will bo completed, whilo from tho wost
ond 100 milos are to bo constructed.
Tho Alborta Coal branch will tnp nn
ontlroly now country by running n
Hue from Hlckordlko on tho main lino*
through tho Pacific PasB coal flolds,
ob well as thoso of the Yollowhoad,
nnd provision has boon mado for 6!)
miles of It to bo constructed this year,
Anothor ontlroly now branch will be
constructed botween Roglnn and
Mooso Jaw, a distanco of 49 mlloB.
Besides nil this construction work,
a vast mllcngo or Rrndlng Ih to bo accounted for, nnd this will bo cnrrlod on
to iho oxtent of two hundred milos on
tho Regina boundary branch and Uioeo
othors which.will not bo complotod.
In*addition to tho above, the compnny lo,eroding somo of tho InrRoet
brldgos In tho West. Ovor the Rod
Door River on tho Toflold-Calrpry
branch, nn onormous brld«o, 200 foot
hlKh, Is now undor construction. An*
othor hugo bridgo hns just boon com*
plotod nt Prnlrlo Crock on the tnnln
line. A third Is to ho constructed farther west ovor tho Athnbnskn River.
Another ovor tho Skocnn Rivor, which
Is lo bo tho largest on tho Transcontinental.
WRECK OF A "BRIDGE
8tesl In the Quebeo Bridge Is Taken
to Sydney, N.S,
PLACE THE NOOSE ■
ON THEMSELVES
Most   Murderers,'Are   Careless as, to*
,,      Some Detail or Other—Clues
That Led to' Identity        '   "'
.* ''Foun murderers out.of five place '
the noose round their own ne^ks," waa
the   startling   statement  made  by a
Scotland  Yard official.    "No   mater
how clever the criminal  Is he is al:  •-
most certain to do some stupid thing]
or to omit taking   some   elementary
precaution, which is his undoing; and
the cleverer he is—as was proved la
Crippen's case—the more and bigger*,
blunders' he often makes.
''And it has always been so.   I could
give you scores of cases in which a'
murderer,   however,   cautiously   and '
cleverly ho has planned his crime, haa
by a single foolish act playe'd straight
into ihe hands ofjustice.
"Poucet, the notorious French murderer, \vas a very clever man; but ho' •
was mad enough to be seen driving
with his victim on the very day of tho
crime, and the same evening hawked
his watch about at a public ball. Edison, the* Bodmin murderer, went
straight*from' the scene'of his crime
to have his hair cut. Tbe barber noticed that, while his beard was brown,
his hair was quite grey. The murdired 7
woman was found to have a handful of
brown hair in one hand and of grey ia
the other. ... ,.*",
'.Jarvdt,  a notorious   French   murderer, after killing and robbing a man ''
and his wife, went straight to tho savings bank in his native town, where ho    ,
was known as a pauper, to lodge tho   -■
exact sum his victims were known to
have sa*.ed.   A man called Wolff, who
murdered his master, appeared" immediately afterwards actually wecrir.**- a
well-known   suit   of his victim;  end '
Troppmann, who killed ancntir^ ,lam-   '
Hy, would not even have been sucnect- '
ed had he*not in his va-.iitv described
with such mir^ts knowledge how' tho
man he accused had probably done t'->e
deed that he was'hlmsslf arrested cn '
suspicion and forced to confess that he .
was the murderer!
"In our own country it has nrarly
always been the' same.   The Muswell   -
Hill murderers were brought to   the
gallows by a toy lantern    they . had '
carelessly    loft   behind them at th»
scene of the crime, and   which   was
identified as his own property by the'
young brother-in-law of  Milsom..one '
of the murderers.   Mrs. Dyer, the no-'"
torious baby-murderer, was undone by
an envelope which formed .part of the *
packing of one of her victims' bodies:
and Hudson," the wife-murderer, might  ■■
have'gone   scot-free - if he' had - not*
Placed a sheet of blank paper in an 7
envelope and addressed it to himself -
under one of the pseudonyms, with the'
o^__oMhr_oMnK_the_nnHp_._n«_»K-,_j_
scent.
"James Canbam..Read "would-have
proved an alibi, and thus escaped the
gallows, if he had not' stupidly sent a
telegram which conclusively-disproved
this defence; and when Franz Muller
murJew* "«■• BriS6s on . the North
Loudon Railway a good many years .
ago ho was ,fool enough to leave in the '
railway carriage his straw hat, which
casHy led to his Identification. -
Even excess of care often proves
as fatal as Buch acts of carelessness:
vE««.°n .._mu^eP8Ii after cutt,nS hia
victims throat, arranged everything
so as to point conclusively to a caso
MHS^,C,,der;_lth one exception;    Ho
hid tho fatal knife, a precaution which
no suicide, for obvious reasons, takes.
Several murderers with'a similar ob- ■'
Joct have placed knlfo or revolver in  •
the victim's hand, where lt has been
found loosely hold. "After a suicide the
weapon Is always clutched tightly.     '
Walnwrlght thought'ho had offec-
tjially destroyed all trace of his vto-
chloride of llmo.   Chloride  of  lime,
however, Instead of destroying, pro' '
serves; and tho body was found'in an  '
excellent state of prosorvatlon "
v-T-bbw't. mu] lui'oi'iitvj ,ij..'i.i. ..n;.un at
nmonto alio loro torxo, ed ancho gll
nd'ultl non dovr*nbb*>ro romplere Invorl
prcossfvl,
SI gunrdlno, lavoratori, dnl buUI ro-
,,-...»..». ui 0c mi a., a ■.*».«*., <.__*,_ •.cm. tred*
dl 0 dallo ploRRle che II colirono tutti
sudatl, Chi 0 Ditto bagnato corra n
mu torsi dl vostlto 0 bndl d-ave** 1
plodl nscluttl 0 cnldl; ginccho, traicu-
rnndo ogni i-lsunrdo, pot rob be procn-
cclnrsl un rnffroddore o, poggio nnnnl,
una malattln dol polmoni, del muscoll,
delle nrtlrolnstlonl ccd'.
E rnmmcntlnmocl, 0 lavoratori, che
la conqulsla d'una Igtone soclalo dol
lavoro, Jit n e gia una "scfot-cooiia,"
ma 1 enst uno del flnl plu a|t| cui dovo
mlraro l'orgnnl«n*tlone prolotaHa per
rcdlrerc II lavoro 0 mutnrlo da mnlt*.
tirio, qunlo orn 0 II plu dollo voile,
tie] mngRlor honoflnlo, Individuals 0'
soclule.
,1 in,*   ovnr *
...<ji__>tf..._ i..iii.*kt.ii_.  and  fowls o*. all
kinds, and sho hns succocdrd In creating somo kinds or now apoclos hy
cross -brooding. Hor poultry nro of
groat value, and recently sho bouI to
nn American purohnsor a couplo  of
"i"*-*.   >>J.y..«|i,uv.._v   ivi_     $T,_n.*,_,      _'t.(1f<r*
ewskl's farm Is stocked with sovoral
presents from Sovereigns, Including a
(lock of Knftllsh sheep glvon him by tho
late Kins Edward.
BLACK'S FACE 13 NOW WHITE
Ti ,   ,,<»• .1      , n      r.      1        r.   , , ...
..I.   " I v>,.. U,   It,..   ^..Hitt.   uttut,,!   ..,__  ,
ho tnken to flydnoy, N.H., nml win ho '
ma-aufacturod Into various forms hy
the Dominion Iron nml Stvt-I Corpora
tion. The Strel Company has pur-
chased from thc Komlg wrecking firm
which bought the contorted mnn from
the Covtrnmcnt, the entlro rlelit to thn
01*in rsniji jxui, rumotal ot thc brldKo
wreckago. When tho bridgo collapsed
15,000 tons of steel hnd boen put -.p.
Somo of this ennnot bo u.-curtd bocauso It li lying beneath wntor.
PREHISTORIC MONSTERS
Some  Interesting   Information About
Galapagos Islands
uJIlSi Q_alapn,80? lBlandB- whloli tho '
Unitod Stntes is lcnslng from Ecuador ,
for nlnoty-nlno yenrs for $35,000,000.
_Jir_?_,» ..oxtro,me lntor08t to nnturnllsts,
slnco they form n connecting link bo-
tweon tho nnimni llf« of the twontloth
contury nnd remoto prehistoric times.
Hero, nnd here only, are to be found
tho giant tortoises, survivors of tho
reptilian age. when there were aB yot
no mammals, nnd nil sorts of huge
reptiles held swny upon tho enrth.
*J16 «,ABnd_,i "• ,n ll,e 1>aolf|o Oc«mn.
somo 730 miles west of tho const of
Ecuador, nnd nro bo Innccosslblo, rug.
god, and mountainous, that thoy wero
until quite rocontly vory litflo vlHltod
and comparatively unknovn. It is
owlngto this fact, no doubt, Dint theso
"l0""1'-'*: tortolscB hovo survived thore,1
although thoy nnd nil their rolntlons
bocamn extinct ovorywhern olso in tho
world probably thousands of years ngo.
Homo of theso reptiles weigh ni'nrly
a quarter of a ton, nnd thoy are remarkably long-lived, many of thom ho.
Ing threo and four hundred years old.
They arc, however, almost extinct In
their wild state, owing to their having
of Into years been so persistently hunt?
od for nnturnl history collections
icJi10 ,,",l Krrftt ,mu* wa» mado In
IMS, whon nn expedition organized hy
the Hon. Wnltor Rothschild, v.bIM
the islands and brought away sixty
tortoises of ages varying betw.-fn ino
«uli   11/1.   > L-UI'M,
V.
Uv(. x«.
mS'n1r" 1MP1,,,1b.rTp iuvt- **•••' "»'«*
minor raids mado upon them, nnd It
Is estimated that thero are probably
not tiow more than nbout a score of
tho giants left on the Inlands.
, HOUMIIDOH,   N_b.,   July  {..-Fifty
Inch..,! of v.hlto skin hnvo been grift
ed un the fnco nnd * lnnd* of h.  %\
In ft Ir-rnl hospltnl.     T_,c operation
Thomas, a cosi blnck negro, confined
wns successful and tho nogro's face ■(,!',mou"t l'"' "P hy M Wolgnst,   This
nbout half white.    t«— .- ...._ !mMn* ihnt th« nMt con,M« tar lho
WEL8H WILL FIGHT WOLOA8T
POR THE LIGHTWEIGHT TITLE
HAN KIIANCISCO. July 9,-A cablegram from Cnrdlff. Wales, received
by Freddie W*l»h, <oiiv<>h .0 hlm tho
Information that a draft of t_».000 hns
boon mailed lo lilm In accordance with
his request for a backing ngninst a like
has
boon awarded fio damages
against tho railway company hernuso
a train by which he Intendrd lo travel
started out of tho stntlon two minutes
too esrly.
Thomas wns burn
ed In n trnln wreck six weeks s
t*o
world's lightweight championship will
i M. betwMt) Welsh and Wolgast.
STm or 0*m,cm or Touno, * .
Ltxia Oovn-nr. }«*■
fmi* ). Cutitx auk,'*: lull, iui l* U umIo*
L-J!!'-"1 nM' '"•"•I-*'-'* »"* —Ab md rrrrr
_*»**• Jf lAinn* iiui nutK/t te tune nr th* wm at
tttt*t\ .4r11-.11 ci-rs. ^*"*""
PRANK J.n__-''lfFY
_*.!! _"? 1" '*_ "f* tae md »*_tinr, .bcd'ni nr itrrwflm.
AM Ut. fey 4 t*H»*t,<l*t. K. Jf, in"    ' !■»*«"■«.
1 "■'-" I A. W. C1LCAHOK,
1 *"''■ 5 .   T»nt I'-.titU.,
_f.UV?_? ft»u*11» ****•'*»■■ ui»» tcitmiUy »i(t ih*
!:'?lir "i!.". _ " '""''• *""' <»'*<-«u« autUtu 1,1 .1*
___.__« *     ,. ,___. v- '• l'"'- **,;* * CO., T .rdo, O.
Tti* milt r»».;r inn* (<.» eon.uimioo, ? ^_;*SS_.*4>>;W
,*"".■?.        '   . V
V\ _•■;"*.■■->?■.
:V. ,-,
Ci>
-j-.-fil
.--.'■
:*fte_^"*?^*-V-.^l-v«t*&'*i
■ Ts-:*
fe.
■- ^
PAGE   EIGHT
THE piST-aiOT LEDGER, HOURE;., B. 0.} JULY 15,. 1911;:
.?_-.
J/    AROUND TOWN    - -.,
" Mrs. Spalding1 will not receive until
* October.' * ''■  - •   -
A. "B7 Trites-  palatial  residence is
fast nearing completion.      *    ;•.-  '
'The 'famous   Corinthian   Football
Team will visit Calgary on August 26.
Dr. Hugh Watts,' of Fort'Steele, was
argues*- at the King Edward on.W«d-
nesday. -.    ',
.Mrs.„Hargreaves -^and.. family are
visiting Grandpa and Grandma Whimster. j 7.   '.      7-'   *■*' ■  •     >'»       ',
The Calgary Automobile parade only
consisted of three machines instead of
17 as expected."."_'.".. '7 -     ' •   ■ ■•
Mr and Mrs.. John Adair left this
week for a visit, to Toronto and other
Eastern points,   '-/ *       "J,  "
P. R. Lundie has returned v from
Calgary where he spent the last week
with ..relatives. .,;   •
Mrs.  (Dr)s Bonnell and family left
on   Sunday   evening   for  a  visit  to
„ the" old home in New' Brunswick.    '
Percy Chapman, of the A." M-icdou-
a'd Co.. was around shaking, bauds
v.ii• Lis many friends the ea***.v part
oi this week. , *
G. ,G. Mie'kle aiid s*oii Georgie wore
up from '.Michel on the 12th' to hear
Hon, Bill Templeman and Dr. Clarke
talk on Reciprocity. '   *
■   "Buffalo Jones'" pictures* were the
main  feature for  two nights at the
* Fernie Opera House this syeek.   Sat-
" urday night and Sunday iho Coronation pictures will be shown.
. Walter. Harwood,' "** of "the Pollock
Wine Company, has gone to Spokane
for a 10 days vacation.        '    -
LE   PRQMESSE, D'UN,'CONNAZION-
ALE    NON'  MANTENUTEr "■
"Mrs.* Chenette,* who is well known
to ihe old' time residents of Fernie,
is the' guest bf Mrs. T.' Whelan' this
week.
There was no-.disturbance at Hull
on the 12th, which speaks' well for
tho common sense of the residents of
that city. '"      •, . '■■ o     •
S. F. Wallace,,of the Fernio Hotel,
was presented with another son on
Tuesday thp IHh. Both mother nnd
child''doing well.      *    '
David Mai-tin, J. Shanks'and J. McLean' visited the boundary' line of Reciprocity, this week, including Gateway and' the famous Roosvllle district. -   * '        ,       *'
Mr. Melville, representing the Canadian Birkbeck Loan Co,, was in town
.during the week inspecting their,several holdings in the city. *'  Cree and
Moffatt are resident agents. ***
E. K. Stewart, the genial manager
of the Trites Wood Company at Michel, has received an advancement to'
the position of supervisor of all of
this firm's branches. He 'will make
his home in Fernie. -    "'   <-'
■ Mayor Bleasdell' and Chief Electrician R. B. C. Hammond left on 1 _*i-
, V day morning's train for Wardner,
where they will be met by President
. Henderson and .with whom they will
make-an inspection, of the Bull River
power plant.       ..    _
G. ,B. Stedman, of Michel, J.* Lewis
(game     warden),   "aiid     J.     S .   T.
.Alexander,    and ' W.   Wilmott ' (fire
» ' -
warden) have gone into the Flathead
country taking astring of cayuses and
the usual impedimenta of the.fisherman and big game sportsman. . Tliey
■outfitted .at - Andy Good's Summit
Hotel. .     - 7    '    "     '   •>'        .      '
,- The' Ladies'. Aid. of the Methodist
Church are holdingan ice cream social
on Saturday* evening, July 22nd in the
grounds adjoining the church. Should
the weather be ■ unfavorable for having same outside'," the., church building will be available. :
- 1_. K. Kennedy, _ormorly operai o'*, :i
the moving picture show at the .Grand
Theatre, has accepted a  position at
W. VA. Ingram's, made vacant by the
resignation of James Mitchell.
The legal firm of Eckstein.and McTaggart has' dissolved. Tlie - Fernie
office" will continue under ,Mr. Eckstein, and the Vancouver business 'will
be looked after by Mr.' McTaggart.
Mr. and Mrs. Hicks, formerly of
Fernie, but.now of Medicine Hat, are
rejoicing over the arrival 'of a baby
girl who made her debut on Wednesday the 12th.        *   *
MOUNT FERNIE No. 47, I.O.O.F.
Installation Officers
L.A. S. Dack, of the Canadian Bank
of, Commerce,  returned  on  Monday
. from a flye weeks' vacation during
which period he has visited many of
the eastern provinces and eastern states.    He reports that in Ontario the ex-
i- tremely hot weather has had a very
disastrous effect upon'the crops both
fruit and' grain. The small .fruits
may be looked .upon,as,practically a
total .Ib'ss throughout south-western
Ontario. As an illustration of, tho
damage caused, by. the drought .the
, phonomennl cutting of fall grain In the
latter part of Juno Is conclusive ovidoneo thereof.
Leslio Mills, the popular and^offl-
clcnt, mnnngor of tho Wnldorf Hotel,
hns for tho Inst two weeks been confined at tho Frank Hospital suffering
from Inflnmatory rheumatism. He
wns first taken to the Blnirmoro
Springs, but. he wnsi In such a weakened condition thnt ho,had to ho taken
to*the hospital, On enquiry, this
morning* wo lenrn thnt, whilo ho is
Improving, recovery will bo slow, ns
ho Is prnctlcnlly in a helpless condl*
Hon. Ills host'of friends throughout
tlio west will rogrot exceedingly his
pnlnful Wiiobh nnd hopo for a speedy
and lasting recovery,
Last Wednesday night was installation night with" the three-linked fraternity, R. S."McTaggart, D.D:G.M.,-bf
Hosmer, being present to perform the
duties, pertaining . to the," interesting
ceremony. In all ten brothers were
present from Mapfe ■ Leaf * Lodge to
participate in installation. , y ■ v'
-First degree ~w&s conferred on'four
candidates, ,-',-*? 7      '
-After regular busines and-the newly
elected"-and-appointed"70ificers"Twere'
in, place,, the Rebekah .'r, Lodge r took
charge and with;an array of the'best
to eat arid drink, soon'1 had everyone
in a happy mood.,.. By 12 o'clock-all
was over save the trip to Hosmer by
"Armstrong" machines.. All' are of
one voice that the evening was*one
well spent and betokens great things
for .the success of Odd fellowship
in,Fernie. Bro. Geo, Thompson presided at the piano. The following are
the officers for Fernie for the term'
ending Dec. 31, 1911:
_N.G.—Thos. Robertson.
V.G.—J W.-. Qulnnoy,
RS.—A, J, Buckley. ,
F.S.—R," Dudley-'   ' .,-.
Con—W. Bailey
Treas,—I. E. Covert.
War.—P. McLeod.
O.G.—W.  Worthlngton.
I.G.—R Brooks
R.S.N.G—Hy Bentham
L.S.N.G.—J Jones
R.S.V.G.—J. Minns.
L.S.V.G—G Foster
R.S.S.—J. Barratt
' L.S.S,—T Kynnston '
Chap—J, McNIcholas
Otto anni fa in questa; gola dl monti
non era ancora.conosciuto l'idioma
Italiano tanto.che alia biiona come suoi
dirsi ■ eravamo" inV'certo-modo contri-
buiti a ragiohe della bubna fede porta-
ta dei vecchi paesi; ma adesso i tempi
sono cambiati e" col tempo sono cara-
biato le, persone'. perche "certe persone
che in quel1 tempo caiitavanb. come
canta il fabbro ferraio' alio, spondar
del giorno batte 11 mai'tello sopra l'in-
cudliie che la fiamma lo ramolli ' '<■ .
,JEd;oggi? non siamo,piu I fabbrl
cl'una volta ma bensl^possiamb imporre
la", nostra volonta come negli antichi
tempi l'imponeva il consiglio del died
della Republica dl S. Marco; ma adesso'miei* cari Italiani il pidocchio e
snidato della lugura cam.icia.ed 'lnosser*
yato cammina sui polsiinammidatl di-
mentlcando la rozza condizibne, d'una
volta?        , ' """
E dire che siamo socialisti sotto una
falsa vesto *pero  tutta  monacale.-  II
rlmanehte miei enrl a nulla vale 11 ri-'
i* *    '
tornello dei vecchi  tempi raeglio at-
tenersl al vecchio obolo dl'San Pietrb'.
ed ora vonliiinoo al sciopero odierno.
Non tutti gliuominid'affarl clie promi-
scro una volta hanno esegu'lto l'esem-
pio del stimato Signor Thomas Crahan il quale ad onta delle dlgerle degli
altri che lo dlcono uomo avaro ha
contribuito con ben quaranta tonellate
di farina e plu a dato un ballo gratis
pei'ifarci dlscacclare ia malinconia;
E'cosa abbiamo avuto da.ior sigziori.
Sfruttati fin al midollo ed. bggi mil
yisiti per conseguenza. Sell genlil
Thomas Crahan ha contribuito con'tah-
to, non - meno furono lor Signori che
giornalm'ente contribulscono a dllalar
la gente col giuogo delle boccle spranel
lantlo i quatrini guudagnlatl sotto il
dure macigno., •'■
Che dio vi viuti negli affari; mentre
che non posso astenermi a voi Itallai-l
d'andar guardinchi nello svolazar troppo.' 11 rimanente, lo sapete' sono quasi
inedgrii della nostra fiducia:
Siccome non e una infamla ma la
verita di tanti connazionali ognor di
qualsiasi rancore solo. rion vogliamo"
.abbassatb il prestigip dei nostri padri
e auguriamo da lor Signori una cor-
tese risposta. Ed ora non rimane altro che mandare un riverente salute
all' Egregio; Sindace della Laguna/che
ebbe la cortesia di rllasclarvl il passa-
porte. .
'.     '"*'    *'        ' CHAS. SALMO
■irkirk-kiLiiAA*i(^-k-k***it***-kk**t
*
*
»
Letters j To~4YYj,i
, \    * .•**.. **:■ -,)    ,"*■       ■ _.  ,n    '      '/
Y jTHe. Editor
*********** n*tiy****ni****v*
.  ;The editor is -not, responsible for
articles, that- are sent in. -•": .*   -.; *7  ,
\A PHENOMENA' (?)
MOUNT ROYAL COLLEGE
Calgary, Alta.,— Classes Open Sept 7,
'- •,   v.,      h9ii  -        ,
** High class  Residential College for
boys and young men, and girls and
THE  SAME  OLD BTORY
Once ngnln tho Intormodintos wont
down to dofont at the hands of tlio
Elko ball team. Tho ovont happened
on Tuesday night, nnd tho score wiih
12—fi.' Koop'nt'It, boys; It's a long
lano thnt hns no turning.
youngTwomen. "Leading' denomina7
tions' represented on, its faculty" and
governing board.1- Nbn-sectarianin the
best '.sense. " Government Charter.
Ideal location. Staff of- highest scholarship and experience. - Dormitories,
class rooms and dining hall equipped
.arid furnished the very:best. New
building.
Course of Study
Preparatory, Teachers, University
Matriculation, Royal Military College,
Civil Service, two years under-graduate
work, Business, Book-keeping, Shorthand, Typewriting; Conservatory '' of,
Music, Manual and Technical Training,
Household Science and Art, Physical
Culture and 'Expression, Fine Arts,
Ladies' College Course, Special Courso
for boys.     '■-.>.
For Calendar and particulars write—
G. W.'KERBY, B. A.,
Principal.
To the Editor, District Ledger:—.-,
Dear Sir^-Allow rne to make a,few
observations on: the ''Award" (?) by
the late Conciliation!Board* (or, rather
the Chairman of,that body!)     ;  - '■
■ In,the_first-place I,should like.to
make it quite;"clear that I am, a"member 'of -that- party in whose interests
the' Rev'. Gordon displayed such"* re-,
markaolezeal and.foi* whose_welfare
he .was 'most solicitous,"viz: — THE
PUBLIC! "<' And as a member of, that
body'J, in common with others, hoped
for great, things' from -this board; and
was  never, tired  of informing ' niy
friends- in'the old>* country" that' the
"trouble would soon be fixed!'! (which
pf course only goes to show how Ignorant we,* old  country plugs are with
regard  the' working of the Lemieux
Act, and its great possibilities).   But'
•We still have tlie -trouble with" us in
spite of all the investigation and delay, and as'far as the PUBLIC know,"
are likely to have It for some time.
Of course'I have read the Rev. Gordon summing-up,, and-like most of
the PUBLIC have; formed my own'op-
jnion, and "my. opinion ls that for a
gentleman   of-holy   orders—it  is  remarkable; yes,. l' must get,rid of it-
its ,*"Masterly'.'!' To; quote   the   rev.
gent:'-   ,.   ,* ,' -'. **•'"'
"With regard to the wages there are,
of course,' two, points' of view, biit as
far as'I .have been able to casi my
eyes over' the field of observation, I
have discovered two phenomena.-.One
is,, that/in ,a, certain class ofwork.an
exceptionally-'* high rate of wages is
paid, that is in contract prices, and "In
the.other "extreme'is. a low and extremely low-day wage for the character, of work-done. Now, when you consider the fact that in certain'classes of
work.the wages',rise to an exceptionally high figure, ' a ' figure which I
don't know to be equalled or, anything
like equalled in'any industry in Canada,, you will .fhid this .infringes upon
one.of the great principles that* ought
to govern"as/far'as possible an equalization, and equity in the' _istributiori
of .the pay roll,of the camp."
The.reverend gentleman must surely
have been.-.laughing very quietly up
his ..sleeve,, for, one-cannot presume
that a" man! of^the experience of Dr.
Gordon "'could' possibly make such-a
remark'without being struck with ,.the
absurdity of-same., .Among his own
■industryroffay^
he,will,find..another' phenomena, and.
ainong the.coal operators he MUST
havefound a-remarkable phenomena!
But of course, vthis is absurd, I am
wandering; the,operators do,not enter
into the question- at .all (in fact I
almost,.wbndor.that they wasted their
■time "by. being present), for It Is very
evident that the,'Chairman was not
concerned "with what * .their profits
might be-r-he was, there to arrange an
equalization of, wages between contract miners and day workers! (Just
shows you „ how'" unsophisticated the
Great PUBLIC,is!) ' The fact thnt one
riilner gets „m'ore coal than another—
that he,works harder, ls more skilled,
should most ^certainly not count—we
know that among clergyman It'Is not
so; neither is It so among, the opera-
It sounds all rightenoiigh to say that
one-big union'would be* the best, but.
what,I would like'to know is, if we all
go'out on* strike at the' same '.time
who'ss going to provide'for us and*our
families? We must;eat,' and>hiie,, it
Is, a-grand thing to fight for; a, principle,'our stomachs1;have.a nasty."way
of letting, us know they: need, attention. Of course, some"of oiir brothers
may say: "There's no^ f ear ''of that if
we will all stand;" together." *;'That
little word IF has,a yery'hig meaning.
All mem don't' look at''.things in, the
eame way,. Even" in" bur own ranks
with so many "differ'ent\'opinloris,-how
cari we expect that if we-had* a'bigger-union there would not be that ma*ny
moro cliffe^ent-oplnions?.'; I,"'am, asking .. questions," and would like: those
who have looked into the, subject to
*-iy.
_?_  >        ,      ' -   " i -
Limited
The Store of Good Values
Here it is, Waiting for U
FOR SALE—Gardon produco, Rhu-
barb.etc.   Jos. Leonard Allan, v('l5-Ct-ti)
TO RENT,—Tliroo-roomed ' Houso,
lllvornldo Avonuo, Wost'Fornlo; |10ia
month,   Jos. Loonnrd Allnn.   , (4C*3t.p
WANTED—At onco, girl tb. aBBlst tn
Btoronnd houso: Protoslant; roforonco roqulrod, Apply,' Somorton Bros,,
JowoIoi'H, Now Mlchol, -17-1-t.c.
i_****B»r««uw_^_m^^
EUGENE ELY
«B**-*-*M_____l__nHI___MHH__n__nM___B_____^^
Tho world (iiinous Avintor, will Hy lit Ilt.'iitlcrsoii I .irk
Lethbridge,.Friday, July 14
at 2 o'clock p.m., in his «
CURTISS AEROPLANE
Tlfln It". rt»mitW».ly \X\e Flr_ OppoMunl'ty  ever ntttirrteti  We Mem  C,nn«--ll«n« of wl-tnf-.nln-^
nn Aeroplane handled by an experienced and expert aviator.
ELY WILL BE S'EEN'IN HIS
Spiral Glide and Ocean Dip
Two of the most difficult feats ever attempted by any airman
Ely Day in Lethbridge
75c. admits to all parts of the ground.
will bo ono of tho blKKCst events '
evor pulled off in Southern Altn.
Children with parents admitted free,
The Fair Association will hold a Grand Public Dance at Nip;ht
WATCH   FOR   EXCURSION   RATES
give the rest.bf us the benefit of -their
experience.   ,-' ..    .. _-:_ !*• \
. Speaking for myself,'will say that
I am always willing to learn and .that's
what" we all ought to do.^-If I don't
se through things as quickly as'some
others, I know there are are many who
aro just the, same, as I am, and it's up
to'.thoso who have had better chances
lo show us.
I know that ■ the. bosses have to
mako money because If they didn't
they,wouldn't hiro us'.,. I?know that
we have to live,, and as we cannot all
have,big.families,and big banking accounts at the same time,. I would be
glad if somebody would explain how
we are going to fight for-better wages
and get them If we all go out on strike
af the same'time. This I don't think
would-w_ork, because, as I said before,
we'are not clever enough9 to'''make
money by our'wits; ' I will say,*-'this
much, that if we do'stand together we
can win,, and I am sure .that, in'.th'is
tamp there are very .few men with
cold feet... .__*,'     ''        ■■*;''
The idea of having the contracts all
expirer on the1) same date is a good
plain If we can' get*it that way, only I
hardly think "the bosses would stand
for It,- but-'would.fight against it tooth
and- toe nail. Now let's have some
more letters from you chaps'that have
got ideas to peddle, and so educate one
another. _   -   .   7 „
. Jr- -°   -"  - Yours truly,
' V !  '   .  "   *-..    A. "BONE" BUSTER
& ♦ ♦ ♦ V44& ♦ ♦:♦ ♦>■_>♦♦♦ -6 ♦^ ♦ ^ ♦.£>.
o.      "
o;
o
^>
o
i>
o
<>
o
4> _ =
'<>'/
<>_i
o: _
4>y
<>
,o
0
lo-
o
o
<>.
o
o
o
O;
^>
O*.
O
o.
o,,
_>,-•
^>,
o
o-
.0"',
■<>>•
o
_>
<.
•<>
<>
<►:
<>
;'<►*:-
"Or
,o:
•■-<►'*
o
■>
/<►
o.
<►.
.<►
<►
,-<►
.- <►:
<►-
„ <►
. V
<►
o
.<►
•*#'
"<^
<►
:<^
<►
\<.
:<►
0
:<.
♦ _>♦♦♦-$♦♦.♦♦••$♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
''Kl
.::V.j|
. \"-j"*
- .■* t *■
*, Y<i
■.V'_
yjy
■ i'
di
Y'VM
^y: ll
■;■ -'ii
Saturday and Monday
■ -■ ,    ■'-,;*-'.'-* •-'      ',-" -y.   ------   . _ ■
■   Each Departirieiit.is^ now.;offering special values
■ that considerably increase tlie' purchasing power bf,
, your-dollar. (- .Take, advantage   ;.'of'tlie .special
•■.,'grocery ■ values 'for; Saturday "selling;,' _  We -save
money for others—why not for you ?    " ,*>, ■ .   '   "- ,
Quaker Canned' Corii_ 5 tins for'.... r] y.. f,\- 55c.
Quaker Canned Beans, 5 tins for ...' 7 55c .*, >
. JMason Fruit Jars, pints, per'dozen ...;..-.. , 65c.
Mason Fruit "Jars') quarts, per dozen ..'..: ':..•' 75c.
Shredded AYheat, 2 pkts for: \.....:'.'   25c;
Post Toaslies, 3 p_tsffor ...............'.'... . 25c.
Sherriff's.'Jelly.Powders"'4Jpkts for ..,.../.    25c
AVellington Kuife Polish ..........." .'*.,....-... 15c.
3,1b: Sacks Table Salt,' 4 for ... _ Yt.-.... .,.,.'4.*26c'.'.,
:'5 lb. Tins Table "Syrup ":". :.y. iy .. Y{.. .*. '■_ 25c.
- Sunlight' Soap, G bars for7 .'.'.'; ,Jr.'.,'..'.: ■... ;- 25c. '■
Lifebuoy Soap,o6 bars for -. ..*._.:' y.:,.\ [ 7. .'•.'.\''25c.** '
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins lor'.i/y .'.*■. ,-.7■_ 25c.*-'.
D.' C.'Cane Sugar, 20 lb. sacks '.;.r:.\.\\. ,'.7$1.26;';
.Potted meat,'Fish, and game, in Vi 1*. glass ; -'_*" -
jars,.*..,..*-....*../.:*..'.;—;*..-;...{.y.ypa.- ■-.
3 lb Tins Economic..Tea ....'...':.; .*.'. i,yi."v%c'.  -
i 'FRESH FEUITS AND VEGETABLES  'v .,
v" Cantaloupes,' "Water   Melons,. Plum's, .'Apricots, ^
, Peaches; Cherries; Strawberries -Bananas,, Oranges,
; Tomatoes,- .Cucumbers,- Radish,* Lettuce,      • • -    ""':
■/•"■'■ 1
- " ,    yj Michel, 12th July, 1911
To the Editor, District'Ledger:— 7
' Dear SIr,^-In a recent issue of. the
Blairmore Enterprise I'notice an article headed "Sunday. Ball Game Caused.-a Rumpus." The writer, goes on
to'quote the Michel players as'_being
poor sports. , Now, before he did'that
he"" should* have looked, at- the* career-
of the Blairmore team as sports; before he criticises-others.'.rTwo years
ago—Mr.~r'Editor,"r"Michel*—hadT^soine"
sports, "one" of- the • events 'of' the, day
was a baseball game for which a prize
of $75 was given for-the winning
team., Blairmore competed and won.
It is customary for a team, when competing for a prize-to pay their own
expenses,'' which some of 'these iBlair-
mbre sports (?)-failed to.-do.ahd even
for that,of'their wives* and'families.
A month or so ago Blairmore agreed
to play Michel at Blairmore, but .when
the'date drew near, wired that there
was'six inches of snow on tho ground,
and could, thoy play here? Michell,
always willing to oblige, answered yes,
and ndvertisod the game.'* "When th©
day arrived alas! Blairmore had'dono
likewise, arid they did.not even havo
tho common courtsey to i wire thoy
could not como, Michel wero invited
tors, then why, oh why. should this to Blairmore on tho 18th of last month
principle apply among tho minors? and wont down'on the Saturday night
And vory rightly the rov.- gentleman | passengers, thoy could not, get down
sot about adjusting this!—that's all! °n tho'Sunday.     Now, to show tho
"As I stand boforo you I am glad to
hospitable naturo of theso Blalrmoro
say thnt I find nothing for which myij8»M)rtB(?\ Half of tho totim' llld ^
couaclcnco cnn accuse mo In,having'; Kot bods'and only half of tho team
boen unfair ro olthor sido. My ambl-! wei'° fed an<1 °.n Sunday tho mnnagor
Don has been to keep faith with my-,of tho Blnirmoro team told tho MIc
self nud I havo striven'to do that." , ille* manager that If thoy stayed until
Having regnal to this statement by <1 Inner tlioy "would havo to bon'r tho ox-
Dr. Gordon, I cannot'but holp ihlm. llonBO thoniBolvos.. This again shows
Ing that, llko may othor IndivltluHla!thoh" manner of entertaining, nnd I will
who have been appointed oh judges ln *oavo •<• to ot,10r8 to iudgo. whothor
such dollcato matters, ho has viewed tlllB 60^ ot treatment ls not that which
iho matter from what ho consider-** to could iio,desired and If the Bpoctntors
to bo a jUBt vlowpoint, But If It bol,iatl kopt off tho ground arid not acted
Illogical for the workers to lmvo an',,1{0 ft bnnc** of noA Indlnna tho gnmo
unequal division of tho pay roll, \vhy!*m*B**t hnvo Pi'ovod moro satisfactory,
not ovon manors up a littlo by taklris!1 woul<* ,l,l° t0 correct one, statomont
a portion of tlio profit thnt tho opera- n*ndo ]>V t'10 wrlt<r 'n rognrdB.to tho
;a*aoa«a®aoa«a<i
.V?
4
I
i
<
torn imiHt mnko—in Hplto of their pro-
toHtatlons to tho contrary? •* TIiIb np*
poai'B to mo to bo quito an logical ns
taliluR from tuio.workor to ftlvo to nnotlior. It Ih cortnlnly peculiar tho
IntorprotnlloiiH that wo poor mortals
(iamo and that Is (his, that ithc ball
struck out by Adamson waB callod a
foul' by tho umpire an soon nn tilt.
Tho Blnirmoro Sports (7) plainly allowed thoir' calibre whon thoy hinted at
having another umpire, an tho writer
can put upon tho volco of consclonoo! ("intoH, and It rooh to hIiow thnt thoy
And It Ih Btlll phonomennl how wo
cnn appoiiHo thnt Bntnll volco,
TruHlluK you will oxcubo riiy trcB-
pnBB, and «hkui*Iub you that, I vonturo
lillo,))!*!!!! only on bohnlf of that uront
bndy-Tlie 1'UDMC!
I hog to 'romnin,'
' Ki 11. N.
Coleman, Altn,  ■■
To (he Kditor,'DlHtrlct LodRor:—'
Donr Slr,-—AH I hnvo moro tlmo  on
11 fflv linmlo  tlinn  uonnl    .hf*****.*-...***  cmmi
woro mostly to blame If tho gamo wob
n failure, Tho lonst Hlnlrmoro could
have dono, having docldod on tho umpire, wn« to hnvo ntnyed with his decision, and by doing ho llioy would
hnvo Hhowod Homo of thnt spirit fnr
which tho wrltor condemns tho Mlchol
team. lib lho wrltor nmkes mention
of tho fact thnt Cranbrook would bo
plnyiu({ nt 1'.rulo on tho 24th of Juno
nnd thnt Michel would hnvo n clinnco
to lit on tho bonchon nnd toko Iob-
«-c.Ttq       T nnllen thnt  Vlc-li**.  wn* -tint-
Into my hend nnrt T only wish 1 could tho ono« to do thin, nnd dirt nt least
.Dressy, enough.for:any occasion, 'and. not   too-1
dressy for ordinary wear; light aiid cool they; mate-'
an ideal*dust coat.      ."     ""•''{ ,    V"'     *- '*'.,.
„ . At ,$3.90, made from pure Linen Crash, .well-tail-',
ored -a good appearing, ful length .Coat. ■"•[ ;,-■   '   \   *
At $4.90, a plainly tailored Coat made from Hor-
rockses reliable.coatings; colors,;natural^nd grey. ■
At $5.90l so,me style'as the$4.90 Coat ljut trimmed '
•with'blackDuehesse,and fancy buttons..";,''    .
At $6.90, a.splendid Coiit'inade from *|Jiord'ughly
shrunk Rep, trimmed in Moire-with'b'uttons, to''
match.*' - ■. ■ ■ ,■   '{' *'   „ ' •'       ..
Tongee'Coats at ,$10.50,       Y -Yi\
Cream Serge Coats $7.00, $9.00 and $9.'60.
, Wash Coat and" Skirt Suits.' $4.00, $4.90, $$5.90,
and $6.90. ■'■•< • ' '        - ' /. J
•Wash Drosses prettily made from Anderson's cc-
lebraled' Zephyrs, prices$2.50, $2.75, and $3.35.'
Children's Wash Dresses from,65c. and up. ■ - .
Insist on seeing theso three Waists, 65c, 95b,, and
<
I
I
i
i
I
> '  _ _ 7     •*■      '{      i
\ TRITES-WOOD CO.
$1.25.
h * ' *  ■ ,
Corset
Demonstration
From Ju)y 17 lo 2lHl(from Mondny tiiitr... ridity .
of next week) wo will have with lis Miss -Dougherty
(Expert Corsotnirti), demonstrating fov W. 1*1. Corsots. This is tlio opportunity for Ihoso who havo
hnd difficulty in getting just the right cprsct. Remember thnt ihoro nro corsets mndo* to fit comfortably nil kinds,of figures, The corset is now permanently established as a healthy garment.'Then
why won. ill-fitting garments; nllow lis to fit you
lo tho corset ynu should wear. If you nro uot requiring tho pair nt present yon will know tho slylo
you should wenr when you do nood thorn.
L
write thom an clearly an thoy nppear to
nie, but at nny rato will do my best to
put thom on paper,
I hnvo rond tho lottors you hnvo
print .! bv n "Con] ni error,"-nnrt "An-
other (.'onl Ulgsor." nrii! ns thoy sny,
let uk dlH<;usR questions that affect ut»,
1 nm taking thoir ndvlco, becnuso It
sccniH itood tome. Excuse mo, If I
ramble In my romnrks, but 1 wnnt to
sty this, before I for«ot It—Wo ought
tn \im. our own pnper moio than wo do,
hccnuKo In this wny wo cnn holp one
hnothor to a bettor uiidorstAndlnK of
subjects ihat puiilo somo of us. Don't
M us be afraid of poor »j*_Illng. and
bad wrltlnt, becnuso tho odltor will
holp us out as he knows many of us
haio not much education. You'll do
tUU. *oni yon, Mr. Kdllor? tK«l.—
■Olftdly.)
hnvo Hnnd enough to ro ln and take
n lacking. - ThnnklnR you, Mr. Kditor,
In advance, for space In your valuable
papor.
I r-wnnln, yours, ■**•.«..,
ONU>0KHR.
*■".■■
5'. '   '
4-rirn.i,Cvi-
!
.1:
i.
i
i
I
?
.11
rl
_
*    /I
Mlchol, B. 0.
,    July 12, mi
To tho Editor, District Ledger:--
Denr Sir,—Will you kindly Inform
mo, through your column* what constitutes Great'Britain? Tho argument
whs thnl Ireland wns not a constituent
part of Great Dritaln. ,,
Yours slneerelf,
JAMBS UAMPgnrilB
Answer.—-Ireland docs not constitute
a part o| Great IJrltaln, but I* a con*
i»lUuw_ iritvL uC lUtt UuIUmI KluKdoiu,
hence the term "United.,"   Groat llrlt
nln Includes tho Kingdoms ot ISngland,
and Scotland and'the principality of
Wales,
In reply to letter* slgnod hy "flrnft."
of noynl Collieries, would first suggest
to him, If ho. has a grievance, to tako
It up with tho Local Union, according
to th«a Conatltutlon. Secondly, ho
doen not represent tho circumstances
HcwkvdluK Ui.Ucin. , Tbo DlamoiiJ
Coal Co. haa not yot rocolvod any, consideration from tho District Executive
that ther bare not boen prepared to
-concede to other operators nnder similar cobdUlon*.
A. JT. CAttTEtt, Soc.-Trcftfl.,
Dist, Ml. V. M,; W.-oT A.
For Sale
22 Acres Fruitland
at Elkmouth
Partly cleared and ready for
planting out. Good si roam
of puro water on proixjrty.
Easy tcrma. Addreiw A.J.B.
T>r.frinf. T.-d^f-r, F. rMir»,H*n.t
for {mrticulara. ,,
"r-rz.: 'V •»*•»!"
■He.
■ *%^^^-'*'?mm*r^mif:tf-«?''-r •»'f**-- '-_-*■*_>_*■
'\«_>t**________________ll»_>l'V

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.disledfer.1-0308869/manifest

Comment

Related Items