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The District Ledger Sep 23, 1911

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Array "•,y V- ■■'-'■■'- "'"-'""7"' ,«7- ■,' !i~V^'-,""»"'TT,r' ■' '<" * -r- ' >. -\»y~.: ."7 -71;" '7'y,'   J-', V;.£,"'v7"" "7,"  *' - ,  ■, '■     v ."'rSv-*'1'.'..';'- -   '7   .° -     H"-"-^""-,"''' "'" ,   ' t      -'-'.' • ■-. v'"
AX-Jpitod^*^^ '^"7 -?/:• '•'
7;.The Official Organ of District No, 18. tJ. M. W. of A.
"'7- ,'•'.' .-■"■-- - v.   .  ..-    ,
■*>y -"-y- y r Ky:. '..-■-.^v.^^y yyr'i -y y..' -i-- yy ':;^y»y *y
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>'' y     ' ■'   "       '.';'"'•  ,- ^    ■-','->   '
'.-.=   ■■ ,::y    y /i
*' .*^V * -   ^  J nun   ■
Political Unity, is Victory
- - f'l
yyr Vol." V., "NbViB.
$1.00 A YEAR
.Operating a Model Plant
at Wiliiston, North
v     Dakota: 7; /
'''.) °y .By;,C. K Oilman/'.'.'. ]    y
"' yywiLLISTON, N. D.—Of : course It's
■' , absurd to talk about'having tbe gov;
:   ernment run tbe Alaska coal mines.
y; -Uncle, Sam would be' a flat failure as
a' miners-euro as sbootln*.
- '.'You've, been-hear'rig a lot of,this
5 -^kind'of, talk—from two kinds of people
y .} lyyyi^ =y ^two -Kinds . y'' - - '• > V
■ -v-^FIrst:—The', colonels-of industry'who
.,» -' ,       .     ■-       -        *",,-,-
'- 77get rich by exploiting  tbe .people's
•■  sproperty..-,^ _ '    •',-,< '',' r'y 7;
'7Secondly,—The reallyvponest7foiks
7\\ who doubt'the wisdom o^ putting''the
■77 government into' the coal' bueineBs. ''
. , ..The first-class are strictly prohibit*
7 ;ed ,'from reading, this story. ^"'.-It's-flX"
' ,-ciusively for, the second. All ye of that
■ '  group,,give ear.'f.   ■' -l\->" ' ; ;
.'.  Uncle Sam is .already, in7tbe coal
7 business.-.''.','   ■-',   ,',,-,
.-' . •'' ,   Success aa Miner  tj-
' Uncle Sam ls a' success as a miner.'
I know this because It,was sent up
-here to' find ^ out'."' \ I'm! writing cold
,, coal facts that I saw with my own eyes,
' heard with my own'ears, or discovered
. -7with "my own brain. ' y »,      ' ,- ~,
yi"--: I'iri;,ready,-to hand'the proofs7"and
^ ariy; further^information* to .'anybody
" '"  that-- 'wants - them. 7 ■      '
Here at. Wllllston,i.N.D.,4be'lgoveni:
,ment7" of   the/United Stafes,-. which
The result. of tbe election as far
as known, up ito the time, of .writing
stands:-        ''''-;' '-.,'■   .    . - -
At 10.30 p.m.
Conservatives''...'. 125
..Liberals  v;  ^ ,88
Of the seven British Columbia seats
six have returned Conservatives and
the remaining one, Comox Atlln, re-
turiiB'are not yet-known.
, v Prom the present "indications the
numerical strength. of the incoming
goverrimerit wlir be., practically^the
same as the defeated one,'but,*of
course, with the colors reversed; in
other words the avalanche Buffered in
1896 has.been reclproated In 1911.t"
In,the Macieod constituency the report ln the earlier part of the evening
gave Warnock (Lib.)ka large majority,
but later the newB"wa'B received that
Herran ,(Con. Reciprocity) had been
elected.'     y •    ,, ',-';' ,
Ed^Fulcher, the Socialist candidate,
made a splendid Bhowing along the
Pass In the.mining camps,-easily leading the opposition; this,' however,' was
changed ' entirely" .when - the farming
communities . began -to ".roll up. their
votes"   , '"•,•*;"£•"?; ¥.{'.', -ly~ ••' .
Whether. Buchanan or Magrath landed the Lethbridge-'seat was not given
put,- although' a report* was • received
that be had amajorityl.but'therewere
a" number of/other -polls,'to .be'■ heard
from.''   ";,.'■• 7' "7 l\ *\ '»-•' ^ \ ' '-'
Oliver, of Edmonton,'.was'returned
by;a handsome" majorlty.'.Uke Bennett
, "wouldmake a flat failure of coal mln-
* lng,"1 owns and operates a coal mine,
'and produces coal''at $1.60 per ton
.In a model'mlpe. ,v.-,\ /.  ; ,»■ ,.  y;
J'-; ,;>;-^-EighfcH8^W^,^fy
1 Furthermore, the''government works
"its men six'1 days a week','eight, hours
•a day, an'd;they, average a profit, of
$100 a month above Hying expenses. ,
i" , Theretall price of coal at Wiliiston,
maintained "^by private ' operators,  is
|2.60 a tori'.       ■ ■ ^
.   " Government! coal could be laid down
beside It at $1.00, but the government
burns the coal Itself, to run Its/big
Wiliiston and Buford-Trenton Irrigation powor project.'.' \,   ,
Note:     $2.50-loss $1.00 equals ,90
■ cents,.clean profit. "' That's what tho
'  Industry collects at Wiliiston..  •
Road .those, facts that I discovered
about tho government mine:
: ,       i il '
« .,  Costa More   , •■'
J It costs more to operate tho mlno because of tho character of tho,soil and
,coal, which makes extra timbering necessary.       - ''        V'l
'   No boys. are omployod.   ,      t,
Every needed safety doylco ls lined.
No, ono has boon killed or Borl-
1   ouBly.hurt.   ■
•  Air ln tunnels 2,000 foot underground
is Bwoet and fresh,
•    Exits aro arranged so that ontomb-
Ing Is. troposslblo,,.
Tho workday Is eight hours,
Evorybody works but six days a
'  week. "'
Minora got 00 conts a ton for "room
work," 70 conts ln 10 foot ontrloa, 80
contB In 7 foot entries, and mako an
avorago of $5 a day.
Government Provides Meis,
Tho government provides a "moss"
whoro minors got good moals at 2B
cents oach,
Tho govomment provides bnrracks
rent froo, tho minors providing tholr
own bedding only,'
Tho government provides good cot-
'   tngcB'for marrlod mon at $10 a month,
In spile of this Byglem, government
mined coal costs tho govomment but
$1,00. Tho mlno runs only four months
of tho yonr—durlng tho crop-growlng
Tho young onglnooi'B of tho reclamation sorvlco of tho Interior department
m^irt pr« mntitni' tbn wli", t*Wn tnft
tbny rrtuld clip nnothor quarter off
the cont por ton If thoy operated all
tho yoar round.
Onco moro: Exploiters of, tho pooplo are warned not to pay nny ntton-
tion to this storv.
Ao to others:, Whnt do you think
of tho North Dakota government mlno
as an object lesson for tInc1<B Sam
In Alaska?—Chicago Dally Socialist,
of Calgary. The vote'of the'Socialist
candidate-will-^probably reach us by
slow freight "<•' Masters/in Calgary poll
ed ,542 t-vbtes'^ according toy he? letter
gram'received. ' - >',
yAmong the many confilcting reports
raceived- was that, of tbe defeat of R.
L.-Borden, leader of the Conservative'
party, ln his home town in Halifax,'
N; S. ■ ■ Later it was acknowledged
that he'had secured election .by a narrow majority, but that his colleague
had been beaten by the Liberal candidate. ' y '   ",- '■      y„    ,   y
Only two of Sir Wilfrid's cabinet
weathered the gale as far,as known,
Oliver, of Edmonton, and.Rodolpbe
Lomieux, and ns/mir friend Hughe's
would have exclaimed "Oh, down thoy
go with eaBy, grace!" had ho rend off
the bulletin board In sharp succession.
"Fielding, defeated;" "Patterson and
Graham loso out;" "North,Waterloo
defeats Mackenzie King;" "Minister
of-Raliways, Graham, loses In Brock-
vlllo," etc., etc.
The roturns wero received by different pnrtlos throughout tho city consoq
uently wo do not go into details, moroly
touching' upon tho most salient foa
turos' of this remarkable turn-ovor.
A88INIBOIA, 8ask.
Turriff (Lib,) elected.
Boyco (Con.) elected.
Pickup (Lib,) oloefcod.
Perloy (Con), elected.
Chlsholm (Lib.) eloctod.
Marcel (Lib,) oloctod,
, Fisher (Con.) elected.
Cockslmtt (Con,) oloctod.
AtUInn (Con,) eloctod.
Ghnmpngno (Lib,) elected.  ,
Wobstor (Con,) defeats Qraliam, Mln
l&tor of Pallwaya.
Roy (Lib.) oloctod.
Marcel (Lib.) elected.
Bennett (Conservative), elected with
majority of about a,uu« over Van wait
(Liberal),    Mu*Uiw ISmIuIIuI), fwlk-d
about GB0, voles and will loso his flo-
Ralnvelllo (Con.) elected,
cow»»vo;m £«*.
Hunt (Lib.) elected
Hart (Con.) elected.
Kidd" (Con.) elected.
'   ,  CHARLEVOIX. Que.
Forget elected,     y
Blonden (Con.) elected.,   , ■'
Brown (Lib.) elected. '.
Liberal elected.'
Stanfleld (Con.) elected.
. CAPE BR   TON, North, N.
Mackenzie (Lib.) elected.;
Rhodes "(Con.).'elected.;1
DIGBY, N. 8.
James (Cori.) elected.
7;    DRUMMOND, Que.,
Brouillard (Lib.)" elected.
'CampbellJ-(Con.)' elected.,
Marshall (Con.) elected. '
°     .".ELGIN WEST, Ont.,
Carruthers (Con.) elected.
. E88EX SOUTH, Ont.
Clarke (Lib.) elected. - '
Edwards'(Con.) elected.
;, GREY EAST,,'Ont.
Sproule (Con.) elected. .■
GREY 80UTH, Ont.
Miller (Lib.) elected.
, Reddy. (Con.) elected. • -,
, GUY8BORO,  N.  S.
■ Sinclair (Lib.) elected..;  •
k     ;    GCOUCESTERfNrBr
7 Turgeon (Lib)", elected.
♦ ♦
This is to notify any mem- ♦
ber of theU-'M. W.'of A. '♦
found guilty of -making false •*♦
statements -with a view to ob- ♦
taining relief will be proaecut- ♦'
ed and forfeit" all, rights of "♦
'membership..,-- ♦
.s y - . ♦
♦ ♦'♦ ♦"♦.♦♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦
j.Goodeve elected by a large majority
over, Dr." King,' but accurate returns
have not yet- reached the general public of;Fernie, although hla.supporters
claim-that he is over 1000 ahead.   ', '
"•KENTtWEST, Ont.*
7,McCoig,(Lib;) elected'. - .
"Armstrong .(Con.) elected.
Haggart *(Cbn.) elected.   •"     '  '7
:    r     > LINCOLN, Ont.   ,,;
' Lancaster.. (Con.) elected,    ; '
\ :'■! LONDON, Ont.    <-'"■    '
Seattle - (Con.), elected,
Paul- (Con.)\electe"d.
"■ "s;Li8GAR; Man.
.Greenway (Lib.)r <elected. >
'  77' V    MACLEOD
- Reports very conflicting.   We do not
whether.-.Warn'oqk or Herron gets tbe
seat as the telegrams give both elected
MA'iSON N EUVEy"'7**^**^
McMIllan.:(Lib.) elected.
-Neeley (Lib.) elected.,^,.--'
. ;•-,,   HURON VVEST^Ont.
Lewis' (Con.) eleoted.   ,.
Northrupp (Con.) elected.
ttMornier (Con.) elected.
HANT8, N. S.
Black (Lib.) elected. , Ir
Barkley (Con.) elected.
Stewart (Con.) elected.
Lewis (Con.) elected.
Porter' (Con.) oloctod.
, Monk (Con.) elected.
.     INVERNE88
Chlsholm (Lib,) oloctod,
KING8, N. 8.
Foster (Con.) eloctod.
Nichols (Con.) elected.
Laponto (Lib.) elected.
Robldan (Con.) eloctod,
KING8, P. E. I.
'   Fowler (Con.) elected.
Gordon (Lib,) oloctod,
Adolphe Verville (Lib. Lab.) elected.
This is .the" "father of the Eight-Hour
Bill. :V'  ,';-/_ "". .    l
CaBh (LibO elek^l. -    '
...  -     MEDICI«K2 HAT     -   -
"LateBt newd'glve' Buchanan (Lib.)
a majority of 413.
.MONTCALM, Que    >   ' *
■Lafortune (Lib.) elected.     "   ,
"■■y     MOOSE,  JAW
Knowlos (Lib,) elected.
St. Anns-—Doherty > (Con.) ,
St. Lawrence—Vickersdlke (Lib.)
Ste.' Marie—Martin- (Lib.) ..
St. -James—Lapolnto' (Lib.
8t. Antolne.—Ames (Con.).
Bollemalre (Con.) elected.
Pacaud (Lib.) "eloctod.
. MUSKOKA,  Ont,
Wright  (Con.) elected.
Rocho (Con.) oloctod.
Lospornncc (Con.) elected,
Robb (Lib.) elected.
< Conservative returned with large majority.
Staples (Con.) oloctod,
Shepherd (Con.) ■ reported   oloctod
over Ralph, Smith*,'but this is not definitely known;.   V.• ■    '"
Taylor (Conservative), elected, by a
majority of 1270. 's :  ,
Turgot"(Lib.) elected.
, NORFOLK, Ont.   -
-'Charlston/Lib)."elected.   .
Munson (Con.) elected.
McKay (Con.) elected. '
PARRYSOUND, Ont.      J  -
. Arthurs (Con.) elected.
,   .   PICTOU, N.nS."    ,   ,
Macdonaid (Lib.) elected. '
. Walker (Con.) elected.
. Bleau (Con.) elected.
Smith ' (Con.) elected.
PRINCE, P. E. 1.
-■ Richards (Lib.) elected.
PORTAGE, Man.    ,    *
Melghen (Con.) ."elected.
queens', P. E. I.
McLean (Lib.) elected.
Nicholson (Con.)" elected.  ,
Nesbitt (Lib.) elected.
Hepburn .(Con.) .elected.      - ,,     ■*
,*'..  J      ROUVILLE, Que.      \'
R. Lemieux (Lib.) elected.
y-y-QU E B EC~CO U NTY5' ~
Pelletlen (Lib.) elected.
Bennett (Con.) elected.
Fortler (Lib.) elected.
Burnham (Con.) elected.        ,
All Conservatives elected.
Ethier (Lib.) elected.' • ^
Nantel, (Con.) elected.
Norman (Nationalist) elected.   -
Lowe (Lib.) elected. . •>   "
-Welchel (Conl)-defeated Mackenzie
King;1,    •'      ,     .', -   '   '
, VAUDREUIL,Que.        ^
Boyer (Lib.'. )elected.
",/;. WRIGHT, Que.
Devlin. (Lib.) elected.   ,
. YORK 80UTH, Ont -
McLean (Con.) elected.'
7    ,.YORK, N. B^ ,
Crocket (Con.) elected:
,   - WELLINGTON SOUTH, Ont.       .
Evans (Con.) elected.'-
Mondbux (Con.) elected.
G. H. Barnard (Con.) 2803; Temple^
man (Lib.).2339.:'
: Wilson (Con.) elected.-
-■ It is very probable there will be
some changes, but not such as to make
Fuel Congestion Serious
and Railroads Helplessly Tied Up
Power, (Lib.) elected.   -
"    ,'      QUEBEC, Que.
-Murphy, (LibO*elected. .   ■„,.
.y^'LAVAlr, Que; »•-
Achlm' (Con.)' elected:"
'""' SOURl's, Man. '  *
Schaffer (Con.) elected.
Jardin (Lib.) elected.
.    REGINA, Saak.
' Martin (Lib.) elected.. ,
Tobin (Lib.) elected.
8IMCOE 80UTH, Ont.
Donnelly (Con.) elected.
,    SELKIRK, Man
Bradbury (Con,) elected. .. ,
La Chonco (Lib.) elected.
Currle (Con.) elected.
. ST, JOHNS, Quebec
Daniel' (Con.) elected.
McCroa (Lib.) elected.
Gauthler (Lib,) elected.
80ULANGER8, Que.
Laurier (Lib.) oloctod.
"Soulnngor" Is French for "to np-
epttBO—to solace—to comfort,' hence,
tho winning of thlB scat,may "soulan-
ger" Sir Wilfrid.
Boulay (Con.) oloctod.
sent standing of 122 Opposition (Conservatives and Nationalists), and n88
"Both L railway - companies hardly
know where" they stand, and are so
congested at the decks at the present
time that there are 60 coal boats waiting to be unloa.Ud. You can readily
understand the st:;te of affairs, as the
wl.ole west seeais to. ,be drawing its
supply from these ports. Matters ere -
certainly In a vory bad condition,"-
The above is :y statements sent to
the local coal dealers from the big
wholesale coal, companies at Winnipeg.. : ...   7 ' • ',: '7
The railway companies are working
double shifts to relieve the congestion,,
but at,the present time the outlook
Is not very bright. In, a short time
the western Canada grain crop will
start to pour Into the lake terminals,
and the. congestion will become worse
than ever. •
Local merchants are unable to say
just how bad the shortage will be, but
all agree that even If the railway companies were able to handle all the coal
which will be brought to Fort William
and Port Arthur, there would,still be
a shortage ln the west? Not only will
there be a shortage in" western Canada,
but there will also be1 a shortage in
all localities which depend on theso
two ports for their supply of coal.
A great deal now depends on tbe
severity of tbe winter.    -If tho west
passes through an extra hard season'
the hardships, cannot be forecasted.
It was Robbie Burns who Bald:
"Thoro's a chlol among yo takkln'
An' fnlth ho'll pront 'em."
Wo havo Bomo notos from a 'a chlol"
which probably will be vory Interesting reading for persons both known
nnd unknown,
In Cranbrook thoro Ira fat man,
but ns bo Is not the only ono burdened with a superfluity of ndlposo Usbiio
in tho Banana burg, and wo do not
wish to create any falsa ImproRstons,
wo will add that his upper Up ls ad-
ornod with a moustacho of the color
known as 'to'andy," furthermore nl
though  In   firnnhrnnlr ho'«  not     OF
to ensure tholr Rnfe delivery, havo a
plain clothOB coustablo accompnny
For tho benefit of thoso who nro
so nnxlouB to play tho, rolo of tho
Igorotto (Phllllplno liond-huntor),
would HUltpcflt that thoy should demand a higher flguro por capita bo-
cause0 tho supply of men sultnblo for
conl mining Is vory scarce, thnrnforo
why not Blrllco for a higher rate*
If theso "harpies" Imaglno that thoy
van dcludo mon Inio playing tin role
thoy wlah them to do tboy nro sorely
mistaken, nlthoiiRh probably tho pro-
Ignition mny be accepted by thoso
who wlnh to tnko n rb*»np trln ntonfl
Oranbrook, nlmply a paaBer-by, bo to j tho lino of tho C, 1», II. on tholr wav to
The Salvation Army aro oxpoctlng
Captain and Mrs. Jones to atrlvo In
romlo shortly to take (chatto,.C*ptj
Taylor hating been transferred to tbo
Yukon. i   -'■'
Any persons having: cast ofCcVith.
Ing are requested to lot the officers
know, and arraagMAent* .will lx* m»3<&
to call for them and distribute whore'
moat neodod.
William W«wi«dK» and John R.
Mawson,' both of Coal Creek, woro tho
recipients on Monday of two aplondld
testimonials to tholr aiildulty m stu-
doiaU In tho shape of diplomas from
tbo „ Intornatlonal ' Oorrospondeoco
Schoota at Ccrautou. Ta. Tbo former
twk'iiD the Comploto Mining Course
and tho latter tho Mining Foreman.
Ab a samplo of humanity por so bo
Is of Utile Import, although from tho
pounds and ounces standpoint ho In
weighty. It Is his mission that we
wish to call attention to,
Ho Is ono tho look-out for mon to
go to work In tho Frank district, arid
of course thoro aro comont works In
that locality, also, but (this merely
Incidentally) thero aro coal mines Idlo
bec&uao of certain demands the men
working In them up to April 1st havo
not been conceded.
Thl* tandy muitached pcraonlflca-
tlon of the typo whom nobody la supposed to love, baa somo close companions wmnocted with tho O.P.R. wcrrt
nurvfoo dopartnMiBL
Ttta.plaa U to eameoaly a few
Dan at t tlmo to as not to ervato suspicion,' and then ehlp them along, and,
tho hnrvest fields ot Albortnv
Attempts aro bring mndo in Calgnrv
to recruit men for somo#of the mines
along thr» Crow's NVaf Patm, although,
wo nro plowed to note, with but vory
llttlo aurcpRR, nnd this regardless of
tho fictitious statements made by In:
torostcd pnrtlcs that "things aro nil
8o repeatedly havo tho workors boon
duped In the past that-they do not
arcept tho bnld assertions given to
tlit'iu by thoiw to whom "tho means
woro addressed have not availed them
solves of the kind (?) offers, henco
If L. C, Slovens hns wondorod why so
fow havo arrived at Burmts, this will
now bo explained, we hopo, to his
through satisfaction,
Tho hirelings of tho corporations
ought to ronllre by this time that with
tho growth*of solidarity among the
working drum. Hint methods which
have boon successful In tho past hnvo
now outlived their uflofiilnonn, consequently tho adoption of moro up-to-
date "bird llmo" In essential In order
to trap the unwary.
Davenport Coat Company, Ltd.,
fllirrnln    AlhurM,
_— —— Eaq.,
Peat Office, Calgary, Alta.
Dear Sir,—
Your name haa been given to me
by Mr, Watorfleld aa being desirous
ef ohtalnlna emnlovment rto\wn <bl«
way, providing things were all right
This I can aiiure you la the ease,
and men are atartlng ovary day In
their old working places, ao If yeu care
to come down I can at the present time
fix you up In good style. Should you
br ihy of the fare down you can obtain this by eielng Mr, Pltxelmmona
who Is contracting on the new King
' . ''"     YALE CARIBOO
Martin Burrell re-elected, isttho' report, but no figures .given. •
. /.The"aspect of Quebec Is completely
changed.1, "In the previous'parliament
the ■ opposition bad 12 seats and the
Government 53, whereas this election
shows 26 for the Conservatives and 37
for tho Liberals.     Thero are two deferred elections. ,
' Lake (Cons.) elected.
VICTORIA, Alta.    „
-' White (Lib.) elected.
McKay (Con.) elected.
Douglas (Con.) ■ oloctod over Camp-
boll (Lib.) by a big majority.
Dr Clark (Lib.) badly defeats McGll-
llvray (Con.)
Haggart (Con.), probable majority
over Ashdown reported ns over 20,000.
Wo think that tho last "0" la an error.
No returns received rogardlng Rlgg's
BlandIng,>tho candidate of tho S. D. P,
Lator—Haggart'B majority given ns
Slovens (Con.) elected with a hand-
somo majority ovor Sonklor.    Socialist candidate not mentioned In, tho
telegram. - , ■
Six LlbernlB and one Conservative
No Liberals; nix Conservatives.   ,
7nLiberals; fi Conservatives.
0 Liberals; 0 Conservatives,
18 Llbomfs;  Mi CnnHervntlvos.
One Liberal and throe Conservatives
$7 Liberals: 21 Conservatives. 7 Nn
7The_Department~of~7A.gricuUure has
issued a warning to everyone in tbe
west that there will, be a shortage of
coal. This warning is posted up all
through tbo country. '  ,
There is only one way out of tbe
difficulty, and that is for the miners in
the west to return to work at once.—
The Reglna' Dally Standard.
, (Ed.—Just so! ■ Have the miners to
go back to work at onco, and as an inducement to do so, It would bo an excellent-plan for the various newspapers throughout tho Dominion,to add:
"This,' wo .believe  they   would glnd-
jnstlfy tho ends," but on ,Um contrary,! Gaorge Hotel.    If yeu can bring any
the kiAont taught actuate them In
using every effort n> ascertain for thorn
•elttos tho oxact stains" ef affairs, In
corroboration of which wo reproduce
a letter Ctwc copy below} Mat to u»
tad needles* to aAd that til* Individuals to whom such commanlcatlons
one along with yeu I will b« glad to
reimburse yeu for any trouble caused.
Wire ma (collect) what tlmi you
will arrlv* In Buftnle.
Your* truly*
(Signed),   L C. STEVENS.
To-morrow (Saturday) evening. September 23rd. This Is tlio urf-ntoc:
fo'wedlnh play user v.ri((ou, and <<(;uias
nt the very top notch of character
comedies, Mr. David nrnttstrom,
who plnys tho part of "Yon Yoimon" Is
wislly tho, bfst illnlort character actor
tnla lown bun or evff wto w><«. l rm
sali» of aenta Indlcatec n full houso.
ly    do     If    tho   -^rnlno    operators
camo     out    and   .exprossod   'willingness   to - concedo., the   men's reasonable demands."     TIiIb they ought ,
to do to avoid the suffering that must
of, necessity ensue, to present which
the groat body of consumers Is perfectly willing, nay anxious, to pay an
increase of 25 conts a ton.    Tho coal
corporations hold tho key to tho situation, nny excuses thoy may ,offcr about
not bolng ablo to afford Is the veriest
humbug and downright, fabrication, as   ,
thoy cannot rofuto tho accuracy  of
tho assertion that tho general public
stands ready to pay a greater Incroaso
In price per ton than would fully reimburse tho companloB for tho concoe-
fllons mado to tho minors,  this,  of
course, contingent upon tho Incroaso
being ImpoBod on big and llttlo customers allko, although for extra Inrgo
ordora apodal rates could bo grantod,
but not to bo without lonvlng a margin, of profit.  Tlio miners aro not
staying out bocnuso of moro perversity; thoy form a part of tho public
and will llkowlso \\o compelled to Buffer, still tboy aro determined to fight
for tho Incroaso hwouso    th»y fool
fully justified In doing so.    Tho occupation In n hnznrdous on<\ nono can
deny, the rule of pay obtnliwd oven
with, tho Incroaso In not iih largo   as
that, which obtains In otlior crafis, nor
even that of lliolr follow mlno workers
of tlio Stales nf Montana and Washington, whoro tlio living ovponsot aro
prncitcnl'y tlm snnio ns tliouo that obtain along tlio Crow.     To tlio newspaper fraternity wo would say:   l'lnco
the hliiiuc for any nutfcrltig that may
nrlHo whoro l( rightly belongs—upon
tlm moniburH of tho West am Coal Op-
Orators' Association,     To tliouo who
uphold tho principle   of   the   privato
ownership of I hone cnmmnriltlec that
are collectively owned thoy should bo
tho liiHt to complain  It thoy  xuffor
bocauKo of Its application and nl*t> ask
thcm&olvc& If tliey nro wIhc In continuing to support that which wnrkx micb
an Injury mum many for tlio Ixmeflt
of ho tvw.i
Como and h«»nr Fulcher on Runday
on tho Real, Living, Vital Tasuo. 7.45
p.m., Masement Miners' Hall.
l inko UiU opportunity of thanking
tb* LtdlW Benevolent Association for
tlm limit) klhiliM'.-iM-rt n-u-lwul nt Ui.-ir
hnnda.-OKOIKll': inUERTHON.
Alt coal miners are urged
stay away from Alberta and
OHIIth Columbia, aa the atrlko
le still en.
*. i„-
»    f*   ,' I
♦ ♦
Dugald MrOr^gor and IV Crnrkett
enmo In on Thursday from a trip to
Lodge Pole Creek with the beat catch
ot -tho largest tlah yet f**n In Fetn»o,
and as a result we cokbrate today
(Wday). '"."•?.-_"?,
Tarn Swankies Bonnie lean
Thrilling Tale of the Wooing of Arbroath
=== .-_        __= Fisher Lass :    ——.   •"    =
7 1.
'Eh, Jean,'lass, ye canna'gang name
the nicht in sicna storm."     ' -
For several years Jean Swankie,
on'days both'wet and dry, had traversed the district between Arbroath and
Dundee with her fish, but never had
"she experienced so bad a day.   •'
Line fish was scarce, and Jean's father had. only managed to scrape
together to "smoke" . to allow' his
youngest and favorite daughter off to
the city the following raojnihg.
The Swankies had had many ups-
and-downs in their day. Old Tarn was
the sole survivor of four stalwart brothers, two of whom had been lost at
, sea on ' a bleak November morning
while out with their boat, the Sunning-
Tam was past going to sea. He
was very' frail, although yet only fifty
years5 of age, for he "had had to endure many, hardships in his younger
days.-But Mrs. Swankie was a thrifty
" woman, and gave her two daughters, a
good' education—as it went In their
young days—at the Hill Road School.
Kate and Jean  made a-Jiving by
their selling of fish. Kate visited Forfar'and Brechin and-the younger lass
""'le kept hold of tbe Carnoustie and
'Dundee districts. ;
yjcan was a bonnle las3, and" many
a son of the plough fell in love with
her". ' But Jean had given' her heart
to one, big Jock, Paterson of Woodley
Farm. Jock" was a regardless sort of
chap, and made love to ever so many;
both in town and "country.
"Eh| Jean,'lass, ye canna gang name
.. tbe nicht in the rain," remarked Jock,
' as he met his fisher sweetheart at
their weekly tryBtirig place at Fair-
muir. "Ye'll juist come alang wl* me
to my mither's, for ye're cauld look-
Jock, although a bit of a flirt, had
a great fancy for Jean, arid, it was
no secret that he meant to marry her,
" "Juist tak' the. creel aff your back
and I'll carry it. Eh, lassie," he added, as he kissed her rosy cheeks,
"wadna I mak' a fine fisherman?
"We'll,never stick when we're married."
Jean  and  Jock  at length  reached
Mrs Paterson's cottage, which    stood'
.  alone,  not .far from  the  main road,
Jock's mother had a few bawbees put
past her.     She was a 'widow, and was
■■' well provided for by her-husband before he died some four years bebore,
"Juist come in by, lass, and I'll mask
ye a cup o' tea. You're lookln' cauld
and wept. Jock's spoken often about
you." -
Soon Jean was made comfortable.
Jock baric both of thorn "Good-night,"
and said he would take a dander into
Downfiold to send off a telegram to his
sweetheart's mother in Arbroath, telling hor that. Jean was safely "housed" for tho night, and would he homo
in the morning^. He was (o call back
in tho morning at breakfast, tlmo to
see tlie couple ho had just loft.
Hut trouble wns tn the air. Another lass hud to bo taken Into account..
It, was LIzzio Armour, tho milkman's
daughter. For two years she had run
after Jock, and one night, whllo with
a "guld dram," ho had "popped, the
question.' Thoy woro lo bo mnrrlod,
ri'ccordlng to Lizzie, at, tho holiday son-
son, and not onco did she forgot to
tell  Jock  about it.     Hut Jock  wns
A Trlumoh of Chomlttry and
Pharmaooutlool Skill
Oil from tlio liver of tho cod-fish lias
been used for ngns as a proventivo of
disease and a restorative.
For a long timo it 1ms liocn tlio general
opinion that tlio medicinal value of Cod
Liver Oil wns tlio crcoNy, oily part itself
•—its only drawback being tho unpnla-
tabic, fishy tnsto of tho oil, From tho
first exports have boon trying to find
mcan» to mako it moro palatabio. Thoy
used to "(Mit" it with whlsky—tako it
in wine—flavor ,it with lemon juice—
anything to get away from that nboruin-
ablo fishy tiwtn ami miiell,
Lots of pooplo xlill tako it In Emulsion form, which is nothing moro thnn
"churned" oil—broken up—but Rtlll
greasy, oily and a strain on tho digestion.
Doctors were slow to find out that
the oil was n distinct drawback to tlio
medicinal principles contained in tlio
cod liver.
Crwlo nil is qulto Indigestible, nnd
will, in time, put tho strongest stomach
out of order.
A way has now been discovered to rlo
away with tlm grcaao and tlio smell, ami
yet retain all tho medicinal properties
of the liver. This is dono by removing
tho fresh oil from the now livers, Tho
livor pulp is then reduced to tbo form
o( an extract like lx-cf extract.
< Nyal's Cod Liver Compound is simply
Lu« ma iMfM,(r toii(i.n,(.-a miui mi ex-
trnet, of mult, tiT\<l beidiM wild rVit-rr.v.
It also contains tho true hypophnMiIiitoV
This combination uiak«« NyulYCod
Liver Cemnound ft drlltioua tonic—
build* up tho system, and makes you
Take it when von feel voiiwlf loslntr
your grip. li'o a plriuniro to take—
even tlio children like it. 11.00 per Isrgs
If you try this remedy we know you
trill bo pleased. Nyal Remedies wo sin*
cerely believe to bo tho best ,'iicdicino
values offered. 11   |
For J?nJ«« [n I'Vnue un-i Ouanuuccd by
determined that she would not get any
satisfaction from him. .The climax
had' arrived, however, for Lizzie had
seen Jock with another.
• Had' he told the truth at first, it
might have been right biit Jock denied
all  knowledge of another lass.
"You needna tell me, Jock Paterson,
I followed ye up from the Dighty,
Burn to your mither's house, and
what's more you tell the fisher "lassie
you would be back in the morning to
see her. But I'll* be there, iny lad,
and tell cher I have first call on you.
Remember, Jock, I have already ordered my marriage frock, and my mither
has told all' her freends about our
wedding "
"Go,,on," broke in Jock, "getting
wearied at the long' story, and applying a match to his pipe." .    -
"And what's more," Lizzie resumed
with some heat, "ye'll tell me, afore
you go another step further, when
you're to take me." •'•-.'•"
"What's a' the hurry, lass," said
Jock, trying to' get out of the difficulty as best he could;, "111 mak' up
my mind some o' these days.'
"No, no, Jock; I'll have you to tell
me just .now.". .,-.-' !
But Jock was as determined as the
girl, and the two stood in silence for
some time.    He was the first to speak.
"Weel, Lizzie, it.comes to this. If
you are sae dour afore you're married,
what like would be ye efter? So I
think we'll better part."
And part they did, for Jock left the
offended girl standing- at. the roadside.
Morning came, and Jock' wended his
way across from his work at| Woodley
Farm to his mother's cottage.
"Guld morhin', -Jean; guld mornln'
mither." he remarked with a cheery
smile as he entered .the cosy kitchen.
"An' hoo hae ye baith go non?"
"Rale weel, laddie," answered Mrs.
Paterson." "I'm tbinkin' Jean here will
want to get on .the road at once, and
Ive got Dauvit Cromarty to promise tb
take her to Dundee with his pony and
trap.". ,   '      ...   „
Dauvit' landed Jean safely .at the
East station. She had ■ not long to
wait for a train to Arbroath.'.' Real
glad' were her father and mother to
see  their lassie home  again.-   -
Jean  had ayipng_st.or.y7_to_telIjjnf,
Mrs. Paterson's kindness, and Kate, although busy at the fireside, listened
to every word told Mrs. Swankie and
old Tarn.- - "    ■'    ■• "■
"I'm dootin' mither," Kate broke In,
Vthere's a lad mixed up in this affair.'
Jean blushed, and her mother, witii
a smile, said that Kate was only,jealous, "
The experiences of tho previous day,
battling in the rain, had told on Jean,
and for several weeks she was confined to bed with cold. .Took nil this
time was out of patience about his
lass, and agreed to take n "toddle
doon*" lo Arbroath to see if be could
find where his sweetheart lived.
No sooner had he steppod out of
Arbroath station than he ran up against somo old bothy mates, and, of
course, the'1 first road wns to have a
drnm. Jock, however, had moro ln
his mind than company, and- asking
his frlonds fo excuse him for a time
lie strolled down to Danger Point.
Ho knew .well that thoro wero'too
many Swankies in Arbroath to bo ablo
to-find out Joan at once, and wearied
nt strolling about, ho thought he would
drop ln on inn at tho "fit o' tho toon."
1 lo entered a room whore wero seated
four hardy sons of tho seas, and ho
listened with Interest to tholr convor-
snllon. At length ono of tho four, a
cheery, opon-fneed man, roso to loavo,
and as ho passed Jock ho made tlio
ivmnrk that it waB "a gey flno nicht."
Jock followed blm out to tho street.
"I'm savin', bllllo," Jock remarked,
"could yo toll me wliniir Joan Swankie
j stays,
;    ".loan' Swankie?"  drawled  out I lie
IflHlimon, with surprise,   "I lino a doe-
her lover, and told her mother she
thought she would be abl£U6 go out
next day, so as to have her creel
"Na, na, lassie," says. Jock, "ye'll
dae nae sic, thing. ' I hae a guid few
bawbees saved, and ye're to come and
help me wi' a sm'a' fairm out by there
at Friock."
.This was .unexpected news to the
Swankies, and each eye-was fixed on
Jock,' vbut not a word was uttered.
Mr. Swankie burst into tears, and forgetting herself for the moment rose
from her chair and threw her arms
round Jock's neck.
"Eh, laddie, laddie, If it is God's
will ye'll get,my lassie. She's a fine
lass, Jean, but she', disna ken much
aboot fairm work."  .J
'"i'nat'll no' -matter, guldwlfe.1 I've
tocht oof a' that.' .We'll get a bit
lassie tac help'us with the.work, .md
Jean will keep,me happy and 'w.ep
ire wtcl clad.     That's a' Iwant.''
A dram was produced later on, and
soon J. ck and old Swankie were "icn-
gue-taekit." Jock" was'"housed'' yor
the night, and before be'left'for his
work next' day he had' everything arranged for the wedding. .       v
Lizzie' Armour had heard word of
the proposed' wedding of Jock and the
Arbroath fisher' lass,' and was determined to have her revenge. Twice
she called- at' 'Woodley Farm to see
Jock, but be' gave her no encouragement, and told her plainly if she came
back again he would ■ get- other hands
to deal with- her.  "   • -
Time wore on,'and the wedding day
arrived." It was a'great day—as., all
wedding days are—in tbe fisher locality, and drams were plentiful "ower
the weddin' o' Tarn Swankies' bonnle
Mrs. Paterson was looking her best
when she stepped off- the train at
Arbroath along with her son, and to
mark the happy occasion Jock hired a
cab to drive her down to Jean's home,
where the wedding was to take place.
Everything passed off weel, and Mr
and "Mrs. Paterson left the "following
morning with the first, train to spend
their honeymoon in his' mother's house
for the latter had consented_to_stay_
the remainder of, the week with the
Swankies.   -  --,
This was' the startling contents bill
of the morning paper, Jock Paterson
was lying in prison, and poor Jean
and her mother-in-law were prostrate
with grief, It was a terrible ending
to a linppy honeymoon for Jock nnd
his bonnle young wife. ,
Jock Paterson had returned to his
work at Woodloy Farm on tlie Sunday morning, and he had left, his wife
to stay with his mother until he finished his duties with Farmer Smith
preparatory to his going to his "ain
bit land" at Friockholm.
The fire was first discovered at
Woodloy Farm by a servant lassie,
who was startled by tho unusually loud
barking of their dog. Tho flro first
commenced In the stable, and had
spread to1 other parts of tho building.
Willing hands woro soon nt work,
nnd a message was despatched to tho
city for the flro brigade. Nono work-
oil harder than Jock I'otorBon, but tho
flro, courted by a strong easterly wind,
soon burned Itself out, not, however,
boforo two vnluablo work horses wore
Jock wns In groat distress over tho
flro, for ho was supposed to bo the last
to loavo tlio Btablo the provloiiB night
Ever since Jock Patorson had lull-
mnled to Farmor Smith of Woodloy
Fnrm his intention of taking tho farm
nt Frloekliolm ho and Itls master had
had fow hnppy ivords, for It was an
liter oa'd Joan Swnnklo, but (hero's open  mfcret  that Jock  had  got "the
j another doon  the rond  o'  tho same
'iinmo.    It's maybe hor.    -My Joan Ib
j 1nl«l  nil \\T  a cauld,     Sho got an
nwfu' cauld  u  few weeks ago whllo
not wl' hor crool ayont, Dundee, and If
It lindim boon for tlictguldncss of a
Mrs, I'liioriion, sho mlcbl, pulr Inns—-"
j   Jock did not lot old Swnnklo finish
bin   HOIltollCO,
j    ".She's  iho  lnsH  I'm   lookln'     for.
Frlockliolin farm In profcroneo to Mr,
Smith's younger brother.
Jock's master, during tho course of
tlio flro, had blamed him for tho out-
Im :ik, nnd Recused blm of gross cikc-
1i»kriiokh. Jook vnwod ho would mnko
l.i.s lunstoi' provo 1:1 s words, and It wns
thou that a mnto of Jock's, who had
boon jealous of him since ids promotion'ns grlovo, and wns courting the
.nau'H tho lioiinlimt lass lii the country, farmer for tlm job, told iho latter that
side.    You dlmia Bay she's nwfif III?"-ho  would  find   ways  and  menus  to
i   Tarn was bo taken aback with the provo Jock's guilt.
country chap's remarks that ho could
not niiHwor him, and fow words passed
tholr Uph until they landed nl. the cosy
llttlo sc-lf-contnlned house, which stood
l'u« iilh   *it*>  IMlillltUI   tSVtMfl.
JCIUJ  )j;iij  JjJlt'JJ  Jjj1.v .'J  .H"
It was a wr-ll-plnnnod plot, LIzjiIo
Armour, the girl .lock had thrown
aside, and Willie nnl«olly, the plot-
maker, had fallen In love. Lizzie had
oet-ii lulling i»r scumming to mar
J..W ,\'>'itv;,,V,< v, u.r ,,'vkJv .uui i'ii'a \utv,
but  on  bnirlug tho tongulng J" the1 nnd all  -oris of plans  wore devised
houso sho nwnkenM. Had sho h«*i
dreaming, woro her eyes dooolylng
her?   No, *hr> won awake, and It wsb
by IVilpeMy and hor
One. plan wan for Dalgotty lo "flro"
the farm of Woodloy.    It wns not tho
'..■-.'Al. k j.'.-....-,..., .Ij-j,, £,i,o'.jy« Ai.  i.iwui>un, lA.iiVivf, \\i ii.iYri 'tl oul,fi£iYI,
trp bedside, hor soft, feverish hnnd
cloned In bin roar so hand.
MrB. Swnnklo did not know bow to
treat her vUttor, so hsppy was she.
Kato ami Jock soon got Into conversation about tho "ehlels" round aboaf
Arbroath, for she knew a lot of Jock's j
old botbv tnntfs. Sho knew tho pur-'
pov of tbe ploughman's visit from the
moment ho entered the house, for her
sister bad often spoken about tbe
"chap Patorsln."
Never was lh*re a merrier nlfrbt 'a
tho Hwankte'x house. Jean looked
like another lass. She was fluxhod
with «*clfMnont «f tho mooting with
Dnlgetty was to sot n llfdit to somo
straw In n dlsusod byre after overyono
was, Indoors, and before tho flames
hod reached the stables nnd the nowly
erected byre It was arranged that ho
would vrnM*n up nnd dlsrnver the fire,
then give the alarm.
Ii happened, hnwovwr, thnt fttlftofry
Imd v]«liod Dundee »i« precious night.
and bad had n drop of whisky too
much. Tho evil Intention had run In
his mind all night, and ns Is usually
the cam with a tlp*y m»« be was fall
of dsrinir. nsljetfy hud mluMVen tb*
stable for the «mpty byre, and had,
In bis hnlf-dajflf! condition, dropped
his matchbox unawares while setting
fire to the straw.
Farmer Smith and Dalgetty .bad a
long talk over the fire, after the flames
had. been subdued,'and spurred on by
the latter—who was still feeling the
effects'of the previous night's drinking
—the fanner agreed to report the matter to thei police. This was well
on in the forenoon, and furnished
with so strong a case two police officers were, within an hour's time on
the road to Woodley Farm with a
summons for the arrest of "John Paterson, grieve:" ,-,
Joch had, however—ignorant of the
whole thing—gone over to his mother's house, and there the warrant for
his arrest was put in force. ' It was
a1 painful scene, and even the police
officers had tears In their eyes as
Jock bade his young wife and hla
mother "Good-bye." Jock was tbo
coolest in the house, He kissed both
wife and mother,, and told them to
cheer up.
"Trust to God, „ Jean and mother,
and He will prove my innocence."
; Old, Dauvit Cromarty had been a
kind-friend to the heart-broken wife
and mother during Jock's stay ln prison, and he had sought the best legal
advice'.in Dundee."
,: Mr. Rennett was a clever lawyer,
and he lost no . time In getting, evidence in favor of Paterson. He visited the farm, and interviewed a number of the ploughmen and the sen-ant
lass who first discovered the fire.
', Along with'the farmer, Mr. Rennett
visited the burned-down stable. Nothing but burned straw and charred
wood seemed to be lying about the
place and the solicitor was carelessly
kicking about pieces of wood the while
he . was . questioning the fanner. All
at once his' eye caught sight of a
match-box, and without uttering a
word more .to the farmer he stepped
forward and picked it up. "The box
was half-full of wax vestas..   .
Here was an Important clue. Would
it draw the rope'tighter round the unfortunate grleve's neck, or would it
bring to light the fire mystery?
Farmer Smith demanded possession
of the box, but Mr. Rennett refused to
give it up. For a time it. seemed as
if ■ words .would come to blows,- and
it was' perhaps as well that James
Fernie, a neighboring farmer, appeared on the scene.-
"Losh, billies," he remarked, on
learning the nature of the quarrel, and
the purpose of Mr. Rennett's visit,
'.'justice must be done in this • affair,
and I think it would be better to hand
the box - to the police authorities.
What say ye? It micht prove Paterson's innocence—for, mind you, Mester
stories aboot the fire.'
Mr. Rennett said Mr. Fernie's suggestion was a very wise one, and ultimately the' three drove in to the
police station.   ,
The Fiscal sa{s he would keep possession Nof the match-box until lie had
time to inquire into, the case.
Mr. Rennett, .however, would not
allow the grass to grow under his feet,
and parting with Mr. Smith and Mr.
Fernie, wended his way straight to
the tobacconist whoso name appeared
on tho match box.   .
"Good afternoon, Mrs. Davidson,"
Mr. Rennett oxclaimed- on entering tho
shop. "I'm glad to find you disongag-
ed, for I have como on rather important business. You road in .the morning papers, I presume, about tho flro
at Woodloy Farm?" .
"I did, Mr. Rennett, every lino of it.
You know I don't think that poor chap
Patorson is guilty—"
"That's what I havo come to see
you about, Mrs. Davidson," broke ln
tho solicitor. "A match-box has boon
found, half-filled with wax vestas,
and tho top part of It bears . your
"Mh. preserves all! Do you say bo,
Mr. Dennett?"
„"Tlmt Ir so," retorted tho solicitor,
"but I suppose you se.l bo many bo.sos
that you would not remember nny
particular person buying ono, and
thoro would bo bo many country pooplo coming out and In just now?"
"Well, no," said Mr. Davidson, think-
Ing for a moment. "It's no' often
ploughmen cliango off tho common
wooden mat olios. But. bide a moment,"
Mrs, Davidson shouted Into, the
hncksliop to a girl of about eighteen to
"como ben a mliuito,"
"Could you toll this gontlomnn,
Mary," she put tho question to tho
girl, "If a counlry-llko chap bought
a box of vestas any of thoso days?"
"Yes, Mrs, Davidson," quickly re-
pliod tho girl, "tho chap that dropped
his handkerchief on the floor wns a
ploughman, and he bought two ounces
of bogey roll and n box of wax vestas,
You would enslly'know the box, for
It wns the only ono I Bold with the
label bearing your wrong number of
the street nn It. You roturnod' the
rest nf 1.11».- packet."
"Tliero'ii IiIb hniidkorcblef," oontlnu-
|ed the girl pulling n silk handkerchief
viiii' u7 ,i univ,ci',      i kept u tmro for
f«.iur I:.? miKiu call for It.    There's a
name nwcrj on It in the torner. 'W.
With a low u-hlsllo of astonishment,
kit, iietuiMi uiok bold ot iiie 'wmdker-
chief. He had learned that forenoon,
from David Cromarty, nbout a plough-
man of the name of William Dalgetty
at Woodley Farm.
Scarcely, however, had Mr. Rennett
taken bold of Mw |mndk*rr.'hlof fh-in
two police officers appeared on tbe
The <.-lder of the two spoke:
1 would like a word with you. Mrs.
Davidson." So saying, IwMh officers
nnd the tobacconist retired to the
htthftbep. taring Mr. ftearcett and iho
*lrl In ronrers.irton nf, tho cotintor.
Not mfcny MyomJfs had passed, how-
over, before the girl wan called In by
the officers, and the same story as.related, to Mr! Rennett was-given, them,
every.word of which was noted.
The interview' lasted, only about
three minutes, and the officers'retired
with possession of the handkerchief.-'
Mr. Rennett mentioned.the matter of
matchbox and handkerchief, and explained at the sametlme that a""W.
Dalgetty" was employed at Woodley
Farm. The solicitor was asked to accompany the officers ' to the ', police
station, where the matter was more
fully thrashed out with the superintendent.
The prisoner, was conveyed to a
room in the main building,, and without being made aware'of the reason- of
the interview with the officers and
Mr. Rennett, was asked,if he knew
anyone of the name of„"W. Dalgetty."
"Yes, sir," replied Patterson, addressing one of the officers, "he was a
ploughman' under, me at Woodlye."
• "Wore you and' Dalgetty the'best-of
friends?" was further asked,of Paterson.
"Far from that, sir," excitedly retorted the prisoner. "Dalgetty was
Jealous o' mo getting appointed grieve.
He' started to court a lass—an auld
lass o' mine—Lizzie Armour, who had
threatened to get her revenge because
I married an Arbroath fiBher lass.
< Mr. Rennett was full of enthusiasm
at tho turn of events. He saw-.tbe
open gate to the release of his client.
The solicitor repeatedly started to ask
questions of the prisoner, and had to
be cautioned by the officers, who stated that unless be kept silent, he weuld
have to retire. .
. "There, Ib time enough for you, Mr
Rennett, Interviewing the prisoner
wh«r. the Fiscal gi/es permission for
your doing so," sharply put In one of
the officers.' .
' Mr. Rennett, however, begged permission to put one question—a very
important one, he , said—to Paterson.
After a time he was allowed to do so.
"Please answer me this question,
Paterson," Mr. Rennett said, measuring bis words. "Did the girl Armour
—Lizzie Armour, I think you call her
—ever give you a present during your
courtship with her?" -
"Yes, Blr," replied Paterson, "a silk
handkerchief, with my name on the
corner of it. I have It to this day in
my chest at my mother's, hame."
"Thank you very much, my lad.
Cheer up. I hope to have you home
to-morrow free to your wife and mother." So saying, Mr. Rennett shook
tbe poor fellow by .the hand, and he
was returned to the cell. „ Ball had
been refused, for the charge'was considered a very serious one.
Mr. Rennett rushed out of the police
being^ driven to Paterson's home. Tho
young wife answered the.door, for the
mother had been confined to bed,
stricken with grief, since her son's
- Mr. Rennett soon had the handkerchief ■ in his possession, and his eye
at once caught sight of the name, in
the corner,' "J. Paterson." The stylo
of tho lettering was identical to that
on the handkerchief dropped In- the
tobacconist shop. * Explanation followed to the young wife and mother,
and soon Mr., Rennett was on his way
back to the;police,station.
A long consultation followed. The
solicitor said: he had clearly proved
Paterson's innocence, and demanded
his release' and the arrest of Dalgetty.
The order for the release of' Paterson
could not be given atlthat moment,
Mr. Rennett was told, but a warrant
was issued for the arrest of Dalgetty,
Two officers were at once despatch-,
ed to Woodley. Farm.- It was well on
towards eight o'clock .when a, taxi-cab
drew up at tbe farm" house. >
"Good evening, Mr. Smith," spoke
one of the officers on being taken into
the house, "we vhave called, to see
William Dalgetty; about this unfortunate -fire."
- "What  do   you  want  to  see   him
about?" hotly asked the farmer. - "You
have'enough evidence^already to convict that scoundrel'Paterson, .without-
troubling honest people at this hour of
inlght.' You'll hae to call back tomorrow.".
So saying, Mr. Smith turned to leave
the officers.'
"Stay one second, sir," demanded
the officer, "I ask you again, ,,is William Dalgetty on your premises?"
"Oh, I'll get him," broke In'.the servant girl, who stood trembling at the
sight of the police officers.'
"You'll do nae such thing," the farmer roared, with greater rage. ' "A descent, hard-working chap like my new
grieve is no' to be disturbed1 at this,
timeo' nicht."
."Mr.. Smith's opinion   of.  his-  new
grieve^  however,  was  rather out of
(Continued on page 3)
45 Steam-Heated  Roomi
Hot arid Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading, Commercial Hotel
The Finest Hotel In East Kootenay
J, L.   GATES, Prop.
Capital Authorised $10,000,006.00..Capital Subscribed .... 15,575,000
Capital Paid  Up  .....r'.$5,575;ob0      Reserve Fund"..; .'.$5,575,000
:   ' D.'R. WILKIE, President'        HON. ROBT -JAFFRAY, VIce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fcrnts, Golden, Kamloope, Michel, Meyle, Nelson,
Revelatoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current:'rate'from date of deposit. ,  .
are wasted , when ■ It is not of
'  first class quality.     Knots and,
knot holes, soft spots, etc., are
-'•   of no use, yet all have to be,
_j ,-pald  for jnat tho mihs. '    ! :'
can be used.  . We select It so
carefully that all "culls" are re-
,. moved, leaving only first class
serviceable ■ stuff for your use.
Practice real economy., by buying your lumber, here.
♦ '*♦¥♦¥♦¥♦¥♦*♦*♦¥♦¥♦*♦•¥-♦¥♦*♦ ¥'<«► *♦¥♦¥♦¥♦¥♦*♦*♦¥♦
Buyers' Guide
Spend   Your  Money   with   These
General Merchants
Trltes-Wood Co,
CrowB Nest Trading Co.
Philip Carooella
Weber's store, Ltd.
1                                             i
Your Bank Acct.
Bank of Commerce
Bank of Hamilton       ''
Home Bank
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies
i                                      .,i
Kennedy &< Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.
' "41" Market Co.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Billiards and Pool
W. Ingram, Club Cigar Store.
Fernie Dairy
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co.
P, Cnroselln,
•  Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal  Hotel,
King's Hotel
Coleman Hotel, Coleman
.rjcya) Dote), MtliW)
How to travel
Over the Great Northern
Second Hand Store
0. Rsdland
When yo tire dry
Mut* Extra
Real Estate
C. E. Lyoru
M. A. Kaotnnr
Joe Grafton
Livery & Cartage
George Barton
Dr. Wr/ale»worth
. Dr. Bsrber
Rets, McDonald and Lane
Eckstein A McTaggart
Liiws A FUhtr
.1, D. Ouall
Tritet Wood
J. M. Agnew A, Co., Elko.
Sewing Machines
Wm. Barton
♦ / 7
-    ..As E. V. Debs put it:    "Better to
vote for what you want and not get
'   it, than to vote for what you' don't
, want and get-it."
-; ..,.*'*♦
* Tiie,",policy of "retrenchment," now
very much in evidence on this • continent, especially on the railway systems,
the barometers of industry,, will prob-
/ ably give a good many workers an opportunity to think it over; They will
". the'bolter appreciate the fact that they
who' own the jobs have no need to
wish for a return to the days of ex-
pfnsive chattel slavery.   ■
The, advantages of "our" natural resource?, mines, mills,   factories,' etc,
'o(.crue le those who own them."
'   ♦   ♦ ■*
Wages is the amount the worker
pays Hie boss for the privilege of securing a job. No employer would
keep a man who failed to more-than
make his own wages.
: . '   '*.-*••       '.-'■.-      ,   .
Workers get what they vote and
stand for.       -,.   -   -     '   ■ ' <
. The Crow's Nesfc .Valley coal field
strike is still on. Stay away.   ' Bv..
ter  starve not, working^ than   while
•working. ' n";'    !'    '' "'
" :The Trades' and Labor Congress of
Canada convention' at Calgary concluded, ifs work on Saturday last after
a series of sessions calculated ,to re-,
do'u'nd tb the credit and benefit of the
wuge-workers of'the dominion. ,rb#
prbce\vii)jes'will be n tillable from: official'Fouces in a >ew days, and there
; can be r.o question but that they wll.'.
piovide food .for tacught,,; reflection,
review and' inspiration.in this.portion
of the labor world for some months
to come. "   "      ■
■ ',•**».■
The city, administration.of Milwaukee, has mado a"record by establishing
an eight-hour day for, all employees,
directly or Indirectly connected with
public work.
' The    International    Typographical
Union' voted $10,000 to the MeNamara
defense fund, and also cancelled a note
for $5,000 loaned to the Hatters some
months ago while on strike.
Every intelligent man must, "admit
of the government. The employing
class in controlling the government
can use the government to keep labor
In subjection, and yet.In the face of
this fact there are millions of working people.In this counrry who.contend that tho Interests of the employer and the employee aro identical.
If tho interests of the, exploiter and
. exploited are, identical, it. Is somewhat
■ singular thai tho I. exploiter expends
such vast sums of money In every
political campaign to place tho representatives of capital In public life.
Strange that tlio exploiter is not, willing to trust his interests in Iho. custody of ifibor elected to office—Miners' Magazine.
*   *   *
A political party is not, "by tho
working class" unless It is absolutely,
positively controlled by tho working
clnss, Its political mncblnory miiBt
bo in tho hnnds of tho working class
and „lts policy nnd purpose must bo
consistent with lliolr Inlorosts,
Tho grcnlcst enemy of tho working
elnss Is the working class Itself, Indifference and oh-whnt'R-tbo-uso novor
accomplish 'nnythlng. Thoro Is nothing moro pitiable thnn nn army of
wngo-workoi'B suffering lnck of confidence In llself. Tho working class ls
the only usoful portion of humnn society. It makes civilization, such ns it
is, posfllhlo, " It clothes, houses mid
foods tho world. Without It thero Is
no onpltnl; no nothing, With tho
utility of labor nil things arc possible.
There is no .undertaking no office,-no
ideal which could not be fulfilled, occupied or realized were the workers tb
act in' unison on just' one day in tbe
year—election - day. Some progress
has been made; but the real mission
of- the international labor movement
remains. So often have the workers
been fooled and deceived by "friends"
and politicians'that if is no wonder
they'are forever suspicious and well
high' hopeless. With so .many -work--
ers always dependent upon the uncertainties of the labor market for jobs,
and the slickest frequently in tbe direct "pay-of the bosses'., institutions
(political machines, detective agencies
newspapers, governmental .offices',
etc.) It often looks like an impossibility for the great mass of wage-workers to ever get what's coming to them;
if unity, of purpose but prevailed. But,
great and unsurmountable as the task
may be there is no other way. When
at last the workers realize that the
only friends ■ they' have, ■ or can ever
expect to'have,'is themselves, the
me.ans .of life will be made the property of those who do the work, to invariably Jenjoy'what tliey collectively
produce.' -,, .    " ,
"The; demand for an eight-hour day
is not one of those reforms that can
be' secured only through compromise'
and'fusion.; It is" a" demand that can
be enforced bytbe working class. Its
enforcement will be a direct material
advantage to every worker now
obliged to toil more than'eight hours
daily. ■ It will oblige the capitalists
to employ more laborers to-do their
necessary work and will thus diminish
the competition for jobs; ■ and finally,
the very - struggle for the eight-hour
day will bring hundreds of thousands
of laborers, into the. thick of the class
war. and if this figbt is on,, our
strength for the'-' next fight will be
,.'-'■ *♦..*.'"
. Competition for jobs may . compel
wage-workers to submit to and do a
lot of things,they don't like, but, after
all, the condition of the workers is
largely their own making. As soon
as any' bunch of workers make up
their minds iri earnest that they won't
stand for starvation, and- say so forcibly enough they generally win out.
If the workers were not as a class) an
aggregation of-jellybacks,"' there-^ls
nothing under the sky they couldn't
* *   *
In these days of race prejudice and
class hatred it may be interesting to
note thnt the Builders Laborers' Union
iri Vancouver has"within, its membership several negroes, who are among
tho "whitest' of the lot.
* *   *
• "Keep working; keep smiling; you'll
win." ' °
* *   *
"It's a long night thnt has no morning."
*'  *   *
•When employers Bhut down tholr
mines, mills or fnctorios, becauso of
ovor-productlon, merging, lack of pro-,
fit, rcpnlrs, etc., that's business. When
tho workers ccaso work becauso of Intolerable conditions, or whntovor reason, (lint's nnnrchy! Merely a question of viowpolnt.
* *   *
The reproBontntlvos of tho Federated Trndo Union movements of nine-
toon different countries woro In fies-
Bloh recently nl Budapest,' Hungary,
* *   *
Tho BrltlBh General Federation of
Trade Unions wan roprosentod by W,
A. Apploton and .Innios O'Orndy, whllo
tho American Federation of Labor
wns represented by .Tnmos Duncan, At
previous gntlioringH over (1,000,000 "of
tho world's 0,000,000 organized nnd
fodorntcd workors hnvo been represent
od by delegates whllo this convention
represented close to 7,500,000.    Of the
I  The Cook
I always feels J
I confident of^
| pure and. wholesome
I fo o d when' using |
ftSJK.1 JHH**W
Baking Powder
APure,Grape Cream</Tartar
Baking Powder
Made from Grapes
many interesting proposals at'the conference one is brought .forward by tbe
American Federation ' of. Labor; ■ calling for. the establishment .of an'International Federation of Trade Union
organizations to promote international
action, for securing improvements in
the .conditions of the workers:, '■ '
*   * - * ■    - , '
What can a Socialist coroner do?
It seems like a dead office—one in
which the livest comrade could accomplish no" ■work for the movement. \et
the report of the Socialist Coroner
of Milwaukee goes to show that even
here one who knows his duty can do
pood service. . Until the Socialists
c&rried Milwaukee, the Coroners oC
r;ce tendered verclicts very convenient
for «he corporations. The deaths nl
corporation employees were us '.ally ve-
vci'^d as "accidental," anl that en
ded the* matter. ■ The lii'st semi-an-
uunl report of- the Milwau:t.je Socialist
Cconer shows, for insta,i:e, :>.• tisos.
In ib of these the railway "companies
were charged with negligence. ' 5n
nine of the' cases the-District At-"
lbrney was'called.' For the, same
period in,1901, under an old party.cr.rn.
n«r. 42. railway cases were reported,
and every one was reported as, "accidental." - The District Attorney was
not called once. ' This shows what, it
means ,to have the working class re
presented in any office, even the least
important." When ■ workingmen "care
so little for their' own interests' that
they vote for capitalist party officials
it is to be expected that these officials
will take much interest in the safety
of working people? ' Who is to blame
if the lives of'.working, men, are held
to be of little value?—Cleveland Citizen.
'•■'.''     *•**.'• ■
Industrial organization seems to be
coming with' a rush in Great Britain.
The three national unions of dockers;
the gas ^ybrkers, brickmakers, navvies-
arid general laborers', organizations
are all voting.on the question of amalgamating,their forces; Tlie probabilities are that the poll will be favorable, and it is expected that the result
will 'be officially announced at tbe
British Trade Union' Congress, which
meets in Newcastle next week. The
total' membership of the industrial
union will be 150,000 at the start, with
the,chances that other bodies would
\*uiiL-G—III -lalci ~auu— n wcil-\,LLV "miniDtl"
considerably. The strike movement
of" the transportation workers along
industrial lines is creating a complete
revolution in Great Britain, and it is
not improbable that at the Newcastle
meeting s next week the. Trades Congress will take a- definite position in
favor of amalgamating the unions in
the various Industries and thus put an
end to jurisdictional, disputes and
more thoroughly solidify the organizations in order that they, may be ready
to strike on short notice unitedly. The
big British'capitalists have been given
to understand that not only can thoy
not destroy the. unions, but thnt they
must recognize nnd trent with them or
expect more trouble.—Cleveland Citizen,
H*'    *'    *
' Tho Sympathetic Strike,—I do not
wonder thnt you nre nlnnnod, .dear
mnslers. You will hnvo to got together more nnd moro just as we aro
getting together more nnd more. ,You
stand for money. Wo stand for men.
You stnnd for properties, We stand
for peoples. You who nro not, wise
enough to bo brothers nre shrewd
enough to suspect brotherhood, Your
guesB is oxnet, Wlmt you think wo
propoBo doing wo mny do, If property
is entitled to comb first, then you nro
defenders of tho truth, If people aro
entitled to como first, then wo nro do-
fondors of tho truth. Your dollnrs aro
contesting the field with our pooplo.
Hrothei'hood will destroy' you. You
fool It. You don't sny tho thing thnt
wny. But Hint is what il amounts to
So you got together. You, nil of you,
denr mnsters. You stonily fnco nbout
nnd ncruse "me, Wo nro menncors of
proporty, So wo nro, You soo thnt.
And wo nre alao slaves of men. That
you do' not. hoa. You nro commotio-
lng to understand thnt the two nunrrol-
Ing powers enn't rolgn together In
our ono world. Thnt money enn't
reign 'If mon nro to ivlgn. You nro
distressed by ovory tondoncy of men
to realize n practical solldnrlty. And
you Hliould bo. For solidarity lonvos
you out. Includes you nrt men nnd
excludes you hh cnpltnllstH,—llornco
*   *   *
down when men do want for the very
means of comfort and life, and why,
when the bosoni-.of bounteous Mother
Earth is swollen and taut with the
wealth of plenty yet must the little
bellies of children be pinched.and
shrunken,, and .'wolfish hunger stalk
the lives and smite with wretchedness
abject the laughing eyes of the innocents who dwell'In the places of the.
Evil'Smells. His notion of the Struggle for Existence is a true accounting
for the fact that tho beautiful daughters of toiling sires must be fed like
the maid Andromeda into the insatiate
maw of the world's chief monster, and
the Scarlet Door mark tbe beginning
of their joyousojourney along a tortuous and miasmatic path to the Potter's field. He can tell you why the
Panic is, and why others must v come
so long as the present merciless system obtains. The Socialist ls an incessant reader of books. Open nt
least one eye!—By Bruce Rogers.
, *   *   * *
.."The working class and tho employing class havo nothing in common.
There can bo no pence so long ns hunger and want are found among the
millions of working people and the
few, who make up the employing'class
have all the good tilings of life. Between these two classes, a struggle
must go on .until the workers,of the
world organize as.a machinery of production and abolish the wage system.
We find that the centering of the management of industries Into fewer and
fewer hands makes the trades unions
unable to cope with the evergrowing
power of the employing class.. The
trade unions foster a state of affairs'
which allows one set of workers to'
be pitted' against another set of workers in the same industry, whereby
helping to defeat one another in wage
wars. „ Moreover, the trades unions
aid the employing class to mislead the
workers into the belief that the working class .have-interests in common
with their employers. These conditions can be-changed and the interest
of the working class upheld only by
an- organization formed in such a
way. that all its members in any one-
industry, whenever a strike or lockout
is on in any department thereof, thus
making an. injury to-orie an injury to
all. ..Instead of the conservative
motto, 'A fair day's wages for a fair
day's work,' we must inscribe on our
banner the revolutionary watchword,
'Abolition 'of the wage system.' ., It
is the .historic mission of the working class to do away with capitalism.
The army of production must be organized, not„only for the everyday
struggle with capitalism, but also to
carry on^ro^WtiolTlvheT^^Ttalism
shall have been overthrown. By or-
ganizirig Industrially we are forming
the structure of the-new-society within ' the shell of the old. Knowing,
therefore, that siich an organization is
absolutely, necessary s*br our emancipation, we, unite under the following
constitution. . . . ."
*   *   *
Tarn SwahRie'a,   ;,7V
Bonnie;: Jean
(Continued from page 2)..
The'Socialist demand the social ownership of the means of production.
Not-tho social ownership of a man's
personal possessions, but tho'ownership of thoso things lo which the workers, must obtnin access or starve Today these things aro owned nnd controlled by a few, nnd, ns n consequence
the. great bulk of the people of this
and every other nation nro absolutely
dependent upon tbo few for the right
to live, Shut out, from land, nature's
gift to men, nnd tlio modern tools of
production, tho result.of neons of so-
clnl evolution, the many aro forced lo
soil their labor-powor to the fow nt,
nn enormous loss to themselves ns a
clnss. " Time wns whon the tool of
production wns owned by tbo producers, but Hint wns long boforo tho modern methods of production wore known
(observes tho Now Zonlnnd Socinl Democrat), Tho menus of production
woro then primitive, but with tho
growth of tho ninmmotli tool of production, supplanting Individual by socinl
production, the predecessors of tho
ruling cIiibb of todny boenmo, llinnks
to forco nnd frnud, tbo owners of tho
grout forcoB of production, with tho
result Hint, its Is the ciibo todny, tbo
place, for in.stepped.Dalgetty' to"tlie
rooin, rather the worse for drink. '
^ "Hullo, billies." he jocularly, remarked to the officers, "you havena surely
let Paterson slip through your fingers.
We've juist been gethoring somo mair
information aboot the fire, ower at
Farmer.Fernie's bothy, me and twa or
three .other chiels." ,'
' Farmer Smith stood - dumbfounded.
Ho prayed within himself that. Dalgetty.-would' keep his mouth shut and
not disclose,his identity. If it were
found out, Mr. Smith thought,, that he
and Dalgetty were putting 'their heads
together to convict Paterson, then he
(Mr. Smilli) would not. be averse to
giving Dalgetty a few, hundred pounds
lo take.tbe blame himself of convicting Paterson.
Such luck, however, wns not in store
for Farmer Smith, for Mrs. Smith at
that moment burst into tbo room and
asked "If Dalgetty would help her
down with a ham from the roof of
the kitchen."
The name Dalgetty was enough.
Approaching the man addressed, the
officer pulled out the warrant from his
pocket and inquired if he 7 were William Dalgetty. "    -,
"Yes," proudly replied,! the ploughman; giving his chest a knock .with
his fist, "I'm Will Dalgetty, and weel
prood am I o' the'name.",
"Oh, well, Dalgetty,. we'll give you
a run into Dundee just now. There's
a comfortable .motor waiting," put in
the officer, having some of his own
back.- "You are wanted on the charge
of setting fire to Woodley Farm!"    "
The last sentence sobered up Dalgetty.' He could not utter a word In
reply. The. brave, fellow, who a
minute before was jeering at the officer about a poor, innocent ploughman-lying in a police cell, was standing handcuffed—a" coward!
■.Dalgetty at first asked the farmer
to assist him to escape, but befog
warned by.the officers that it would
be a serious-thing for a man in Mr.-
Smith's, position.to do so, the latter
advised Dalgetty,to go quietly.
-Mr. .Rennett-was waiting at the
police station when the' officers arrived with.their prisoner, and did not
leave, until Paterson Wjas released.
Dalgetty repented; he acknowledged
firing the. farm, pleading that it was
done while he wa'smnder the influence'
of drink. " A woman, he said, had
.been—at—the—bottom— of—the—whole-affair. ., Lizzie Armor.' was responsible,
for William Dalgetty's; downfall.
Dalgetty was tried arid' convicted.
He was sentenced to' a few years'
Dalgetty • took.- the blame of the
whole affair,, but Farmer Smith never
prospered afterwards. .He left the
district^ and the last that was heard
of him was In America, where ho, was
working for an old ploughman of his
own who had prospered abroad.
Jock Paterson did not go to Friock-
heim. He allowed Farmer Smith's
brother to get the small farm, nnd he
is now tennnt of Woodley Farm,, which
was completely rebuilt nnd presented
to Paterson by a host of friends out
of sympathy for the wrong done him.
Ho is no longer Jock Pntcr'son, but
Mr. Patorson of Woodloy Fnrm. , To
his loving fisbor-lnsslo wifo, however,
lie Is still ."Jock," , nnd she remains
to him his "bonnio Joan,''
Unemployment  Forces  Thousands'to
, Seek Charity—Drink No Factor
Sickness, unemployment nnd lack
of Incomo hnvo boon tbo three great
cnuses of poverty In Now York this
summer, according to a statoment. glv
on out, yofltordfiy by the Now York
Assoclntlon for Improving tlio Con
dltlon of tho Poor,
Tlio nsBoclntloii Imses Kb conclusions on nn Invesllgntlnn of eondl
lions surrounding tho 1,000 fnmllloH
thnt hnvo been referred to II for relief In the homo hIiico Juno 1,     Tho
•  A deposit of Ono Dollar'' opens a'savings •
"account in tbe Honie.J3ank.and Full Compound
Interest   is-paid at, the' highest  bank-rate.
There is no', formality, in opening an account—
call in and leave your name and address and .
take your • pass-book.   If you are away from,
town and need money-you-may make a with- '
drawal" from your   account,   with  the Home-
Bank', through the mail. m
.  JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie
Capital   Paid   Up  ',. $2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets ...;..... 40,000,000
' The Bank'of'Hainillori   has   made
saving simple—by eliminatin goll'un-
1 necessary Bank formality.
An account may be opened with the
deposit of.one dollar—even so small
an amount, will act as an incentive to
steady saying'and'will-quickly grow
to a sum worth while, "
' 20 acre tracts of
Creston land—is
well watered &
excellent soil.
Joe Grafton
(lHHOciiillon nlso nnuoiincnH thnt. since
owners did not, receive wlmt they enrn- n,0 flrHt of j„]y M|(.r„ ,,„„ ,)P0I| an
InrrnriBo lu  tho number of  fnnillloH
od, A momont'e reflection will bIiow
nt, lenBt two thliiKu: First, thnt. ns
long ns tho lnnd nnd tho mncblnory
thnt. Is worked upon the lnnd nnd nil
the Brent moniiB of production lu vo<
In Hood of nsHlHslniice over Hint  for
July nnd AugiiHl of Inst yonr,,
The Investigation  linn  brought    lo:
light somo InlevoHtlng fncin,    Tbo two'!
Kuo todny nre owned by a fow, thO|n,OB(.  H„,||(|nK  ,,„,„,„  „,,„  „,„  llirw
ninny must mibmlt to being deprived;,,,lllllwP of families winced to pmwly
of the grantor pnrt of,tlio wealth thoy liy ,\vyww lm\ „10 |,1B|Ki,|f|Miiil rn|n
produce. If a nompnny, or n prlvnln ,n,Pmp„rnnP0 1|IIB |)]nyMl m, n rnn.
Individual, employ? fifty men nt fl0;,ljb„ii„B ,-miih... Of Hio l,r.7:i funiM.*
per wook, It In obvious thnt tho "job1!,, tlm iissoi'lntlon'H rnro tills Hiiiiiiin>r
giver" will not ho Mitlsflod If a vnluo j »i,.umc-hb Is kIvmi iih the fninw for p»v»
oiiunl to tho amount or ?(i00 In prodiic!ortv \n nsi ensow, or IS por com, In-'
j«l by tho men employed.     No! Thoy!,,.„'„„.,.„„„, „,,„ to „H ,.ml|,. M „.,rj0'
In  tho rich  folklore of AndnliiHln jiiuist produce tholr wnges, plim n snf-i],,HH \)mn n j)P|.>on(,t
thoro Ib a quaint snylng thnt. "In the: flclent nmount to pay' tho lnndlord—     rn<«mi|lr>ymont   I»
second on  (he
  ' L  J"" -■> K '* ••»  *>•     r    -'     —■'.'••■»   l •    '•'     JIM    „|    |l|||lll(i|l|||    ruUHfli,    Willi    II    JH-I-
Tt In to fny thnt bo wbn undorMnndn ' onpl«nllft--tbo onwpnnv or lndlvbbml\   , . ,,,.;    «.-      'j-j,.   j, .,, ,„;    ;.  '
the olonroflt In bent fitted. The So-'tbnt employs blm nnd nil other niom.']jf.f :,],muii ohnrlty'workora b.'is Iwon
rlnllHt'B comprehension of public at-Jbors of tlio cnpltnllm rlnHs who claim:d,rtt j.ir|, of work wad rmi|iwialbl<» fn?
fnlrs Ib IiIb armor nnd shield. He dcs-|a shnroln tho wraith producod. Hooond I u,,. ,„„,( „r tjIfl ,nHtross this summer-
pIhob rnlnbows of promise and the do-'Unemployment,   Bliimdnm, the "devil-! in^nffIt-n-ttt  Income, the   next    door
liiotnufl nf 1ir»iin        Tlo 1ia1,1"  ot  ».n,ir>l>t ' *.,1»ri Hir> liliiiloi-v-nrn-l"   ollilno     r,^,,-!!,,,..,  ' ,     ,
, ,.* ,,,,,, -.     <iVr. *•   -,,fc     i.M.tf,,   r\ ...     ,..
the miserable moralities of the piety; tion.'sweating, nnd a thounnnd otlior ■ ,„.,. ,,llt 0f tho total numbor ot
peddlers nnd Is not concerned nbout "a!evils will in* w*n in spring from the
fiimllle* to w'ok relief. ,
Dcnili, iinil nccidont were onch re»
bji<iii«IIi|o for 2 per cent of the rapes.'
In tbo I |kt conl column nro found;
linppy lnnd fnr away."    Ho Interprets, principle of prlvnM ownership In tho
dlstiirbnnres In the social order most ■ nieniis or prodnclni: the norosoarloB
nrcurntoly bocnuso bnck of his phllo-';of life.    The evil tree brings forth the
Rophy Is the profound  learning nnd ievil fruit.    Tlio .Soclrillsts clnltn, thft\,\ nmi support and old nge,    Cniiso» ron
tonic of nil tho oxnet sclfncos.     Ho j Hint when tholr demand is ronllKCf).: (thhkIhk I«*i»m Utan 1 per cent of «-nt.«.*,
imnlyrcH the  doings of men  In  the1 whon Iho wlinl« pooplo'own tho land! „.,.,.„ hiifirKotiinont.  flr.>. Tiionlnl  de.!
llKht of the doctrine that we follow'nnd the mncblnory of production, that; fj,;,,,, y, ininifinillty nnd Insanity--N*7
Hint thing which wo conceive to pro-
mice us most substantial good. Under
a principle which ho hss dlsroverwl
In the capitalist system of production,
known' In tho gotfallst book as tbe
Uw ol Hurptn* V«ln«»s, h« enn trtl; s^ition loo, and t»w-l»l own«>mhlp hns
you why ever so often tbe wheels of [supplanted private ownership \h the
Industry must stop, the factories shut menus of life,—Tho Teople.
exploltntlon nnd tho other cvllu meiviy. cn\i
Honed, will dimspponr.     Political I)o-) ' „      "~ ~m~'mM   ~"
mncrrtcy we possosn. Iiidustrlsl Demo-! HlcCtriC RCStOfCr IOf mCll
crai-y. without which "nomocracy" 1h i Phusplionol i?l^?fflgl'ffJP.'I'J.tei;
a dbiirn and delusion, will bo our pos-i vinmiiuunr, I'rjmuur^dMifjn.liil%nv*\
..~   *^ i  „.,i_i  .„._     _».,_  \.    ' ».»i!i'-'i   nuTM-l if nno     ffirtirphonnl  nllf
m»lt-i hi anrw rwnn.   I*rtc» "*   '
H    Mal!#l'o»nv »ilJr»*i
" 'i . K(. ('rtllmrlnr*, «»nfM
for Sals at  OleatdsH'a  Drug  Store
Aeroplane Races Every Day
MAMMOTH    VtrilT    «l»Pr,TArfl«
"Pioneer Days 'In the Palousc"
$120,000 Will .He .Spent on Tliit lixhi*
ftt'ontlv 1nct,o««iOi1 Prl70«>
Many New CUnsci, Open to All
Wrttt  fur Pitmtutn  i.ui mid f>-iili/ fri^rnm
217   Hutton  Block,
?,►- •'. -. ■
THK.DMraiCT U^^ &/ 19111
.1 ,'
M\p listririt ithgtx
•'.1 '
. Published,every Saturday-laorning at its^pffice,
Pellafr Avenue, Fernie^By^ Subscription'.. $1.00
per year in advance". ' AiT excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date"facilities
for "the execution of all,.kinds of book,, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attentions
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
7   .J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice'BoxTNo. 380
THERE was an election yesterday throughout
the Dominion, and upon, looking out of the
window the morning of the next day we observed
that it had snowed. September 21st' marks the
equinoctial'period.1 with its storms and gales .when
the sun enters the first point of Libra, in like manner the Conservatives are to be given' control of the
"Balances" in the House of Commons in Ottawa,
Sir Wilfrid and his colleagues entering, into the
^scarcely refrain from* laughter at ^"intelligence(!)
of the Unman animal called MAN. - During the political campaign now concluded a;pet phrase has.been
selling the birthright for \ a 'messSfTpottage,;'and
it'' has no doubt' Had - its; effect;--still, lVher e we -ha ve.
millions of'tons of coal locked up' from /the consumers simply to uphold the Profit System.    To condemn those who control '-these vast' treasures regardless of human needs is an absurdity in face of
the continued support.of ,the principle which sanctions the. private ownership and control-of those
commodities used by all the people.
S. vereytrictures have been passed upon the Liberal government by their opponents regarding the
manner in which, they.have-handled the situation,
and now that they will shoi^tly- be in control' of the
administrative affairs at" Ottawa they very probably
will avail-themselves of the opportunity to put into
operation'such methods as they deem opportune to
settle this legacy that has been bequeathed to them
by their predecessors. ' •
THE policy of this paper is to allow free discussion of subjects of public interest, but we
would urge upon our correspondents to use judgment before jumping to hasty conclusions.
AVe would call this to the attention of all our as
penumbra of opposition after 15 years of basking j sjstant edjlorS) but particularly to those of Coleman
in the sunlight of power and popularity.-
NOW that the smoke of the political battle has
disappeared, the feverishness of the past few
weeks temporarily shutting out from the mental
vision the local,situation; but,once more it. bulks
forth upon the horizon, with the spectre of winter
in the background (no't -very - far either)'and .the
question uppermost in the minds of the,people is
"Where are we. going--. to -get our winter's fuel
supply?" '•       ',
Those who did not give a rap for anybody but
themselves would very .probably'retort "Let the
, miners go back to work," that is as far aspthe much
vaunted public sympathy.would extend in"a"great
many cases .    ,-        .',.«'"   ..
- To those that give- the subject a little more than
a mere -cursory.examination- we would say do yori
suppose that'these men'will, not suffer equally with
other people if there is.a shortage of fuel? Do you
imagine that, mere perversity actuates them ? No!
They have thought of their wives and families, but
when conditions have reached a point no longer tolerable, a.man,would-1 be" exceedingly foolish if he
did not make every'possible effort-,to "effect a
change. .   .     ''-'>.s 7 ■ ,.,,., ^„.<.
None, can. dispute the statement',..that ■ the ques-
"ti orris"one~of"serio'usness~and~yet"itstyery"jBxisr
tence is a sarcastic commentary upon the so-called
civilization we are supposed to 'jenjoy,* " Nature has
been lavish in her bounteousne'ss; the hills around
us' are teeming with-"heat-;giving properties, and yet
there is' a possibility, of suffering during tlie incoming, 'winter,    .^VVcre'it not so,tragic one would
at this time who are inclined to ascribe the writing
of a certain article to one of our English speaking
subscribers, whereas it was sent into us by. one
whose name is by no.means of British extraction,
but further details will not be given as we reserve
the right of disclosing names.in accordance with the
general rules of journalism.
We may'add that the correspondent was simply
anxious to. have "a mooted point interpreted, and we
do;not think he was in the least actuated by an ulterior-motive.
■ T N answering a question handed to him at the
■■' Conservative meeting last week, as to what his
explanation was of.his conduct with regard to the
Compensation.Act and the Krzuz Case, Mr. Ross
remarked that he considered 'the fact that he was
elected sufficient answer to such questions.
. While some might consider this answer particularly callous, we for our part are content to consider
.it,eminently "political.," '-'But it certainly must be
interesting to those. gentlemen (and particularly
those gentlemen "who teach- the virtue of holy
charity) that they have succeeded in electing a man
■who has ^admittedly been instrumental in placing
this meagre.compensation beyond the reach of foreign dependents." We will not dwell upon the eou'-
many'of ■ these poor dependents have been waiting
for months hoping and. waiting for this compensation which probably will: never be theirs, such a
thing does,not appeal to them. And yet these peo-
will try to excuse'themselves under any cloak, aye,
even the holiest—Christianity.   ' ' ■
jh,omas McAllister Anderson
"Our Letter Bqx"
Tho Dlfltrlcl Loilucr accept*) no rospoiiHl-
bllltv for tlio vlows oxnrOKHod by ttH correspondents. Communication*) will bo liiBoi'tod
whathor Rlpriiod hy tlio real iiniiio. of tlio
wrilororannm ilopliiuio, but tho ,writcr'n
nnmo nnd mlrtiwn must bo ulvnn to tbo
Editor as ovldonco of uoocl faith. In no caso,
will It bo divulged without conxont. i
' Hosmer, Sept. 20,1911
To tlio Editor,, District Lodger:-—
Dear Sir,—I notico a small paragraph In your last week's Lodgor ln
reference to myself and Mr. Gourlay,
and tho cruelty as assorted l>y a Hosmer lndy wo woro ablo to dolo out to
bor, by not   having   tho courtesy  to
ramble behind a rig at tho terrific
speed of about half a mllo an hour.   I
might sny that tho lady In question
hnd plenty of chanco to glvo the driver
with Iho rum iiobo n llttlo rlgh* to
tho uso of tho road as woll as hornolf.
An, a mntter of fact nlio was nskod
by tho rum noBO driver on sovornl
nticasloiis to turn on ono sldo so as
lie could puss Willi his rig and hunillo
of. CoiiHorvatlvIsm   If hor. oyes hnd
bron nn keen In showing a little ron-
poet by observing tho rules of Iho road
as It wns to the poor fallows noso she
might hnvo boon on the snmo wheel
yot ns fnr ns wo woro concornwl,   If
the liuly or tho llttlo boy yen oven tho
horse hnd boon hurt wo would hnvo
given nil tho nnslBtnneo thnt wo possibly could, but not being ox port h In
Uio nrt of whool fixing wo hnd no nlior-
unlive- thnn to drlvo on doing our llttlo
best for tlio return of tho Consorvntlvo
candidate who will undoubtedly with
tho nsslstnitro of tho Hosmer Conservatives (who nro second to nono) bo
returned with a triumphant nmjorlty
nn the aist. Pome to the poll nnd nvnld
the crush.
I nm Morgnn but not J.P.
TniHtlng thnt.' you will Insert this
junall paragraph,
I nm, youm rospoctfully,
liuetma Hotel, it'OHiitur, ti.O.
Tuberculoid Home Asks Public Sup-
..port.—Quarterly   Heport   Calls  tor
8upply  of 400 Tom  of Coal  for
In Hie three months, Mayr, Juno'and
July this year tho work of tho Trnn-
»iul!l" Pnnltnrfnm hn<?, nceor'lftiE to
report submitted to tho directorate ro-
<xntly by the uccrctary, been carried
on at a reduction In tout por pftUont
from tM«. per dny Inst yfr«r to tl.08
por patient per day thin ywr, I>«-
plte the reduction th* Institution Is
l*$M In am ars for Tii»lnteu»nce.
For ffw f.fir'V* monthi. turcntr patient!   were   dlnchancod, apparently
cured, eight,.as incurable,-and thpro
were seven" deaths. -In each of the
three months there was an average' of
GO patients in the home.
■ A- plea for moro generous' public
support is made,In, the,,report. nnd„at-
tehtlo'n drawn to tlio necessity for 3'BO
to 400 tons of coal at $10 per ton for
winter uso. Tho sanitarium at present has no funds to secure this fuel,'
Furnishings for a' pnvllion'.for incipient cases of tuberculosis have been
subscribed' for, by tlio Grand Lodge
I. O. O. F„ members who have undertaken to provldo $1,500 worth of equipment
Ah 'assistant to the medical superintendent lias been appointed without
Bnlary, and tho first probation nurse
has been engaged. Tho report asks
that tho board determine tho rnto of
pay "at length ot service for pupil
nurses, so thnt othorB may bo oncour-
aged to undertake tho work. All
useful furniture from tho marlno hospital, now closed, has been, given to
tho snnltarlum by tho department of
marine nnd fisheries, Tho statistical
report for tho throe months Is ns follows:
"In May, (51 patients wero treated
(in male, 15 femalo): seven (flvo male
nnd two fomnlo) wero discharged ns
appnrontly cured; ono mnle wmi discharged as Incurablo, nnd two malo
patients died, leaving , M receiving
treatment on Juno 1. The totnl numbor of hoBpllnl days wns 1707; of
theso 091 woro HO pay pntlouts nnd
101(1 wero for .11 free patients, Tho
;nii)Oiiiit received from pntlontu In tho
' HMiiltnrltim during May wns $307,10.
"In Juno 04 patlontH woro treated
(HO male, 11 female); seven (five mnlo
nnd two fomnlo) woro (Uncharged ns
cured, six (three male nnd throe fo-
mnle) ns Incurable, nnd three (mnle)
died, The total numbor of hospital
days wan 1510, and of Ihose (UB woro
for ,')1 pny patients, 155 wero for six
patients paid for by municipalities and
7-10 were'for 27 froo- pnt lout k. The
amount received from pntlentH In tho
Himltnrium during June was *l,iir>H,'Ju,
"lu July oil patients wero irented
(17 male and nine femaJo); nix (four
male nnd two fomnlo) woro discharged
us cured, ono male ns incurablo, nnd
two mnle jmiionts dlod, The total
numbor of houpltal dayn was 1510,
mndo up nn follows; 01 for 21 pay
patients, 127 for flvo pntlents paid for
by municipalities, and G95 for 27
freo patients, Tho amount rocelved
from patlcntt! In the sanitarium, during July wan t90S.30. -
"Tlio iiialutciuucu uccuuuu invented to tlio finance commlttco amount
to $1,062.02. NolwlbmtftndlnK that
$700 wns by aiittiorlfy of tho linnrrl of
dir^tom tr«n»rerr^l from building to
maintenance, and *7M> wss loaned by
tho Vfcforfa Anxlllnry aoot*jtj-. there lu
for tho last threo month! a ahortajre
of over $1,700 and payment of some
of tho, accounts has to bo withhold
each month until such timo as thero
may be sufficient funds in the bank
to meet them. For July, the milk and
meat account, • $709.15 has not. yet
been met. -,
"Last, year th© cost por patient por
day was $2.10; to date this year It ls
$1.98. Every effort is being mado to
reduce expenses, but it must bo remembered that our treatment largely
consists, In supplying good, plain food
iii largo quantity. Wo nro now over
$3,000 In arrears' for our maintenance
and I would ask tho board to appeal
to tho public and to societies for assistance. Wo cannot curtail tbo
needed supplloB to our pntlenfe, and I
am sure tho public, whon thoy know
the conditions, will not hosltato. to
meet your roquost.
"Building accounts amounted to
$2,537,79. Tho work on tho construction and installation' of tho electric
plant has begun, nnd will bo complot-
od within tho noxt month. Tho erection of a laundry hnB'nlso been began.
Furniture accounts nmount to $1,004 47
—Victoria Dally Times.
OTTAWA, September 21.—A bulletin on.'iiie field 'crop's iof Canada Issued
[today ^yes'rtiifeir average condition by
provinces' atVthe gaiji of Augusylo-'
gethe'r'withestirifetes^of the produc-'
tion of Spring wheat, oats and barley
at that time. The per cent condition of wheat is given as 86,80; of oats
84M4, and' of-barley 84.73, which, is
about five' to seven per cent higher
than last year," and nearly the same
as two years ago.' The other crops
range in condition from 80 to 86"per
cent and are generally-somewhat' lower than in 1909 and 1910. The rains
of August hindered the ripening- of
grain andsome. injury- was caused by
hail storms, low temperature and rust.'
Towards the end of the month frosts
prevailed in many sections of the
North-West provinces,- the full extent
Qf which could not be determined' at
the date of the-' reports, but ia the
case of.wheat, oats and barley-production was lowered' by probably 12 per
cent, which, has-been followed in the
table.' In the' older provinces tlie
grains ripened earlier 'and little, danv
age was. sustained- excepting from
drouth'in some localities, and the reported condition was 75 or over. ;
The' average yield of spring wheat is
estimated : at 19.14 bushels ' per - acre
for the Dominion, which Is seven bushels more than last year; and the total
yield at 186,928,000 bushels. The fall
wheat was reported last month "at
17,706,000 bushels, being grown.', almost wholly in Ontario and Alberta
The total yield- of wheat for the coun
try is therefore estimated tb b© 204,-
634,000 bushels or-81,849 bushels more
than last year at the same1 date, The
average per acre "is 19.50 bushels, or
6.30 bushels" per acre1 more than last
year. >
For- the Dominion the yield of oata
is given as 368,153,000 bushels,, which
is 84,906,000 bushels more than, last
year's estimate at th© same date, and
theaverage at 35:81 bushele per'a'cre,
being more than last year by 7.10 bushels. The average for barley is1 also
higher than last year by-7.31 bushels,
and th© total yield is estimated at 51,-
559,000 bushels' as' against 39,388,000
bushels for last'year.
The estimated yield of spring wheat
for Manitoba, - Saskatchewan and Alberta this year is 181,535,000 bushels,
of fall wheat 3,193,000' bushels, of'oats
204,758,000 bushehv and of barley 30,-
205,000 bushels, as compared with 98,-
808,000 bushels'spring-wheat, 1,082,-
000 bushels faU'wheat, 92,201,000 bushels oats and'14J723.000'bushels barley
in the previous year. "•,     ■ ;
In "'Prince iid'-w'ard' Island, Nova
Scotia and New Brunswick the esti-
000 bushels, of oats, 16,699,000' bushels, arid of barley 427,000 bushels; in
Quebec 1,777,000 bushels spring wheat,
44,619,000 • bushels bats and 2,389,000
bushels barley ;'vJtnd In Ontario 2,163,-
000 bushels'^sprftig' wheat,. 14,513,000
bushels fall'wheat/'102,077,000 bushels
oats and 18,528,000 bushels barley.
■ The final > estimates of last year
printed in the December Monthly gave
the production for the whole country
as 16,610,000 bushels fall whoat, 133,-
379,600 • bushels-spring' wheat,323,449,-
000 bushels oatB'and'45,147,600 bUBhels
barley.   '   ■ '»■■   al -.:a •
The October' number: of- tho Census
Monthly will give • the • statistics of
the areas of field crops of tho Dominion, this year as taken by tho census
of tho first of- Juno.
, (Deceased)
... Any one po;ssessing7knowIedge of the"
antecedents of Thoma"B "McAllister An-
edrson.-.who'was killed at Laurie, near
Revelstoke, Aug. 29tbpi911, by fall
of rock; and believed tb have worked
In Fernie for over a-year, Is-hereby
requested to notify THOS. UPHILL,
P. O. 361, Fernie B. C \    '
. Other papers please copy.
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress'
Facts nro stronger thnn fiction. All
plnys depend moro"or loss on fncta for
their plots, Of course, nt times, authors nro prono to carry tho limits of
dramatic IIcojiho nlmoBt to tho point
where tho rcnlltloH of tholr plot, sub-
morgo lu tho figments of tholr nil too
vivid Imaginations,
"Human IIonrtB" Is a notiiblo oxcop-
tion nm! fully lllustrntoB how much In-
loroBtlnjr drnmntlc mntorlnl mny bo gathered by tbo author bused on tho actual hnpponliiRB of life. Tho story of
"Human Hearts" Is almost true In
ovory detail. Tho Incidents that
form tho plot nro woll known, and
still food for gossip In tlio community
whoro they happened. Tho author of
tlio nlnv inn-t the nrlrlnnl Torn Top-on
Bovornl yonrH ngo, nnd honrrt tho story
from his own Hpb, liocomlng doopiiy
liitorodtod, ho journoyod to tho homo
of Torn Logan, wlioro ho mot moil of
tho other ohiirnctors who round out
tho cant of his play, and tho renult hn«
been n play that liftH lmd a vivid In-
torcnt for mor<> lovers of all that Is
good nnd true In melodrama, than any
o'hor drnmatle rompoain.vi of tlio .'ait
deiudo. "Human Hearts" will bo
on at tho Grand to-night (Friday).
Everyone Is glvon'a Hearty welcome
to attend tho services of the Presbyterian Church, hold ovory two weeks,
at 8 p.m., also to tho Adult-Bible Class
which meets the sbcond and InBt Tups-
day of each month at 8 p.m.
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and. Cold Water'
Electric Lighted   ,
Steam  Heated.
'Phone in every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal tickets, $6.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrical par-
tiee.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
The finest of, Wines, -Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging. wine-clerks.
Joe Falvo
General Bepairer
y  New Work
.     warranted  V
: Carosella's Store
Second Hand
Furniture Store
Highest Prices Paid
For   Secondhand   Furniture,   Stoves,
Tools, etc., also Ladles' and Gentlemen's Cast-off Clothes.
Two-chair Barber Outfit for 8ale,
,, G. RADLAND, Prop.
Owlnc to tho circulating of the report In Colomnn regardlm* tho Identity
of tho writer of tho article signed
"Timbw Wolf,** m wish te state positively that (t wait NOT Hoiuy Jau**
of tho City of ColMnnn.
.... DAVID BHATT8TR0M, the well-known player with the
"Yon Yonion" Company at the Opera House, Saturday Evening next, September 83rd.
Mount  Royal
Claiiet Open Sopt. 1911
'■''""i-y-ii'-mUr una l>»rUeu!«f« will*
O. W, KWilliY, lt,A..      I'rlnelpH,
Govcrnmont charier. Irtonl location,
fluff of hlBhMt upliolarshlp and experl-
«ne>. unrmltorlftn .clan* rooms and
tllnlnti hull «ijuli»i>i-il iinil turnUluitl tlio
vary voti, New building,
Cour«* of fttudr
Preparatory, . Te«eh«r«, .TJn!ver*lty
Matriculation. Hoyal Military College,
Civil Service two years undor-graduat*
Consorvaiory     of
w„„_, .....— rltlnir, _ ..._,_.,
Music Manual and Technical Training-.
Household Htlrnre and Art. i'hyaleai
Culture „and Rxpresilon, Plna Arts,
ij»ilU»' CoU»»g» Coutk*. titiMdn Course
(or boys.
-*       *> «' :
."■*iA.      ALEXANDER 'UURb;? General ^Manager >i"
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000,
- Soudan
South Afika
____      REST,-   $8,000,000
Evety branch of Tha Canadian Bank of Commerce is; equipped to issue drafts oa
the principal cities in the following coontries without delay: -    "'
Africa Crete   - Griea   «" Ne» Zaltmi
AraWa- . Cnbn "       , Hollawl *-»
Arfoitine Republic Denmark Icclaad ■,'■-
' Auatralia -    ....    Egypt India
Austria-Hu&cary   Faroe Iilaada Irdaad   ;
Belgium - Finland -.- ", -       Italy -
, Brazil. ■ Fnrmoaa Japaa
Bulgaria France Jara
-Ceylm  ' Ffch Cochin China Malta   •
i    Chili '       Germany,   , Manchurfa,
" China Great Britain -'    . Mexico
. The amount of these drafts is stated in the aaooer cf the country where they are payable ; that is they are drawn in sterling, francs, marka, lire, kronen, florins, yen, -
tacts, roubles, etc, as the case may be.   This ensures that the payee abroad will
receive the actual amount intended. . 7. *        ,- A23S
Strait* Settlements
PhBippSne Maada   Sweden
Portugal . < Switzerland   ->
Roumaaia ',, Turkey -
Ruaota >      •     ■   '  United States
Serria  ■ »   ,   -■    Uruguay    ,
Siaa     - "■ Wot Indie*, tte.
L. A. S. DACK,  Manager.
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
Ranges and Cook Stoves
";' And  Nothing but the Beet in Fresh        '
and , Smoked    Meats,    Fresh    and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
,    Etc.  Etc., go to '»      r
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
Money to Lpan on first class Biisi-
; ;nes^'dn'd!.Itesidentiarpro^^y^.'
Food Choppers
"THE  "Universal"   Food
Chopper chops alf kinds
of food, whether meat
or vegetables—
90c to $3.50
J. D. Quail
raw or cooked
,     —as coarse,
i.      or fine as
■ .<•    1
rjv wanted—
I Wl    rapidly
v&k)'  and
Does         £ i
xTV,     easily.
away        W
entirely   A\
with the ^*«
of the
1 llf T ^^JaSfc*****^
knife and
%,v«»^m    "**< #,»
Buy the genuine "Universal."
G. N. R.
Close connection at Rex ford with mainline
Trains for Eastern points. Great Northern
Trains and those of connection latest steel
creations of car builder's art
Lake route from Duluth or Chicago via
exclusively passenger steamships
Free side Trip to Niagara
on Eastern Tickets
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No, 161 p. O. Box 305
Special Saturday rate Pernie to Elko, BSc, good Tetnrnlnjf Monday
Ledger Ads Bring Results THE DIBTRIOT LIDGEE, FEENIE. B. C„ SEPTEMBER 23,1911.
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,74        Z
The Dominion Election passed off
up here very auletly. Mr. Harry Miard
■ acted as Deputy Returning Officer and
John.. Caufleld • acted as Poll Clerk.
The number of voteB recorded was
132 as follows:
King ...;......  ........   86
Goodeve   ..,.,....   36
"Spoiled,;    10
...-.- . -   - , i1?2..
Mrs. John Wylie, of Hosmer, accompanied by her two children, visited Mr
and Mrs. Adam Watson this" week.
>-  There has been lots of smoke around
during the past weeki as the samples
-of  clothing of Dame  Nicotine,were
.;qulte liberally distributed and greatly
'.enjoyed.;bs"an agreeable' change from
Shag or Macdonald's.     It's all over
•'now! ■„...».-.■	
y, Joint - services .will, be - held. In, the
PreBbyterian_Church on Sunday, evening. Sept.~;'24thj as'farewell" to Rev.
PercyvConnell. .., Service, .to commence
• at"7.30 p.m.' "" ,""      "   ' " *
7,  Rally„.day. in.the,Methodist Sunday
School-.>:the'',afternoon:;at'''2.30.-   Parents invited. "
Miss Ethel Lanfear has gone ' to
spend a few weeks 'on the-franch ' at
'Gateway, Montana. , ;„\\\'.\'  \.i.
, V. William Mazey,' William .Weshedge
and Robt. Doodson. were down at
'.Frank last week taking In the Alberta
Mine Bosses Examination.  .
winter" will he upon, us in all probability.; ■■■■ 7 ""'      -  7  .,      '7 \ ' ;
James Sharp/lately fire boss here,
has gone to Corbin, where he is working in the place of one of the officials
who recently quit there.   ..."
Dirt must be cheap, in Corbin .now.
Thomas Parsons, better known as
T. P., whilst giving the boys In Coleman a little vocal treat by!singing
"Put. Yourself In G-illigan's Place,"
was interrupted in the. middle of his
song, by, one of those, two-bit a day
men and landed in Gilli'gan's place.
" Mrs. W.' Carr, of Coleman'; is down
here. on. a.visit. ■ \^> H K
. Messrs Richard and Harry Eccleston
returned Wednesday morning from the
We are glad to see-Dick Jones back
again and note with pleasure the Improvement in his health. . Hope it
keeps up; Dick.
s Mr. Dave Martin left Saturday last
for his homo In Parton,'Cumberland,
England." Ho only Intends making a
short stay there,, then he will leave
for South Africa. ,^. ' . "J.
"" On Saturday last"1 the "Michel" football
team played - Bellevue in the final' for
the Mutz Cup at Coleman. The. boys
certalhlyvdeserved'a"win on the'day's
form, but the referee did not think! so
by the way'he, treated them: ■, >It was.
the bplniWof every sportsman'on the
ground that Michel did not only have
Bellevue to. play against, hut also the
'referee:' After ninety minutes play
the game ended in a'draw of one goal
each. Extra time was played7In
which 'Bellevue got the lead. The goal
was' a gift to them. ' The referee had
blown his whistle for off-sides,   and
Tommy Glover has„excelled himself. tbe Michel   defenders   had   stopped
above all: the. hunters up, ■ here so far
this season.     He managed to bag a
deer and a. goat his first trip, and
" then, went- off again, and-returned last
week-end with the hide of a fine black
bear,' which has been greatly coveted
by all who have seen it.    He has shot
, them all about fifteen miles from Elko.
A "hard-times'ysmoker,.was given in
the Club Hall last Saturday-evening.
rr  ..The    necessary   refreshments    were
J    given by the Board of Management,
v ■ Mutz..Brewery. ,T..W. Company, and
ft he. Co-operative Society.- A gopd,.pro:
' gramme' of singing was given by the
7 ,' members.   As a surprise a box of ap:.
:—"rplesr* grown— at-Creston^'^asfsent:— up
' by Joe Grafton to show-what/can he
• grown in B. C, ,  These;were greatly
. appreciated'by those who were'lucky
enough to'get one.'^     {■, .'.'."•   ... «
' W. R., Piickey was appointed chairman
; for the evening, and,, commenced the
. ' harmony by slrigin'g WeYe jflWaway
■ ;,from Home; . ,J.. Cr,one, Aj>attern to
the World; R...Blllsborough, Cheer.up,
.Old Sport. A.„HolmeB„.Put(,Me Among
the Girls;  T., Hutchinson, A Picture
No Artist Can Paint; W.Corlett, Imitations of a Gramaphono,; iB.-TDrew,
The Regular Lambeth Walk;  W. R.
Puolicy, I'd Like to,Have a Little Bit
lilore; encore, I Put. on My Coat and
Went Home; W. Blrkett, When tho
Ebb Tide Flows';'R. Blllsborough, Tho
.Old Man's Moke; encore, Turn Ovor
,   a Loaf; J. Crone,'My Old Kentucky
, Homo; G. Knox, Darling I Am Growing Old; J. Davison, pianoforte, Ship
1 Ahoy; encore, La, La,-La; D. Mnrkland
Love's   Bondage;   ©ncoro, Maid    of,
Athens Ero Wo Part; J. Hewitt, What
n Mouth; encore, Oysters and Clams;
,W.  Corlett, Harmonic selection (encore); T. Broadhurst, ■ Our Company;
encore, Thoy Can't Keep the Working
■Man   Down;   Jos. Hewitt, Drinking,
Drlnltliiff. encore, Sailor, Bowaro; W.
R. Puoltey, Pat and tho Oysters; G.
Knox, Tho Red Flag.
Mr, .T, Davison   was   accompanist
- throughout tho ovoning.    At tho dono
.tho boys all stood'and .sung, "God
Savo tlio King."' '     ,
Mrs. A. W. Courtney and family loft
hero on Wednesday morning for Prlnco
Ion, B. C„ where thoy will make their
new homo.
' Old Jfick IVrbucklo waB tnkon'to tho
hosnlinl nt Fornlo en Thursday niter
being lnld up at Homo for a wook, Is
In a hnd stale, Buffering. from lung
Visitors coming to Conl Crook aro
. roquofllod not lo montlon footbnll to
Bomo pnrllos up horo, It Is had on-
odrIi to ho dofoatod, but to ho annihilated by 0 to nil     Woll, woll!
playing when .ono,of the^Bellevue for-
v.-aids rushed up and put the ball into
the net., - The . referee, after this,
changed'hib.decislpn'andgave ti goal.
Final score—'Bellevue, 2 goals; Michel, i.  -    ■■■-.-'  7'7-     y-*=
Bellevue plays.Michel in the final
for the'Crahan Cup at'Coleman, which
is expected to take place on the 30th
Impartial Review.
♦ *
♦ ♦♦♦«»►♦♦♦*'*♦<■•
Tho vomalnder ot, Iho nonroh party
who wont out to look for John TTulton,
who wns lofit on Woaadoll Crook, Bomo
olvrv.flvn TTitlnn tip'Mirf F.llr TMvW Vnl-
lov, returned to enmn Tuesday iilRht
without nny hucc«bh. It npprnirfl to
ho tho opinion of most ot thoso who
took pnrt ln tho search thnt tho poor
follow mot with an nocldont In tho
Inrro trnrf of Mmh<vr that lavs bet-
woon IlloflHdoll Creek anil tho Bile
nivor,     !1
If this tn tho caso tlio only way In
which a HVHtomntio noarcli could ho
mndo would ho to havo from ono hundred to ono hundred nnd fifty won
over tho ground At say, ton foot apart,
With this amount of mon a lot of
ground coiM bo covorod and a
thorough search mado. *
At a time llko this, whon no ono (■
worklnjr, surely Iota of-men could bo
round who would willingly bIvo, tholr
assistance froo for such a cauio, and
If anylhlttK (a to bo dono Um» aoonw
tlie bottar, for In Another m6ntb tho
"~The*~statement~ on the-"Deadlock"
appearing in our last issue, though in
a measure true, is in, another sense
misleading. To afford our readers
an opportunity.to Judgefor themselves
we have invited F. C. Gessler to .submit a lucid, statement, of .the dispute
for publication. That Mr.' Gessler is
qualified there can-be no.doubt as-he
has. been for many years'.connected
with the coal regions of, western1 Canada and the United States. . , ;
, "Much has been .written and pub-
llshed'ln thohewspapera'-of the Boundary relative to the affected Crow's
Nest Pass coal region, which has assumed the, phase of a deadlock between tho coal companies and the mine;
workers, since the first of last April,
completely paralysing .that Industry
and directly affecting many other Important enterprises, Many anomalous statements relative to tho controversy have been made, somo of which
wero either contradictory, or Intentionally misleading. It Ib with the intention of correcting those inaccuracies
that this artlclo'ls wrltton.
"Tho writer has no Intention to do
an injustice, or to place tho blame
for( tho' state of affairs,. unless tho
factB themselves point to guilt. In I
that case If any of tho parties aro at
fault tho roador should Judgo who Is
to bo blamed. -
Thoro la a bono of contention to bo
pickod, Wo havo boon load to bollovo
thnt It Is tho "closed shop," Inaccurately cnllcd tho "chock-off." Dr. Gordon, chairman of tho Into conciliation
board, in his report to tho Dopnrtmont
of Lnbor, disposed of tho chock-off
In the following manner:
. "This plan, ho Bald, In nubatnnco,
Booms lo bo pecullnr to tho coal mining IndUBtry; It has found n placo in
practically all tho cotil iIIhU'IcIb In tlio
Unltoil States where tho United Mlno
Workors nro In existence, It Ib ro
cognized In tho Btatutos of Alberta, and
had boon. In operation In all tho mlnos
ronroRdiitod In tho Western Coal Operators* Association. Why thon should
tlio chock off cliuiflo becomo tho bote
nolr of every conference?
A certain vnrloty of check-off clniiBo
tho operators will accept, grudgingly
perhaps, but a pnrtlculnr form of
chnck-off tho- operators resolutely ro-
Joot—nnd why? Bocnimo ln this particular form of check-off cImibo, both
thn imlnfl  rmrt  npnvntrtrn 'hnUnvrV' thoy
«en the door closing. At every conference both pnrtlofl havo tholr oyd«
upon tho door; but, lot It movo ever
so llttlo, opon or nIiuI, nnd tho guns
nro out. Thin In tho fnco of tho ox-
trnnnllnnrv fact thnt. tbo union frankly
nnd fully concodoo tho opon nhop, nnd
tho no Iobb oxtrnordlnnry fact thnt tho
It is certain that up. to this date
there has been no offer-coming from
the operators granting "a certain variety of check-off clause." ,_. But is this
the real bone of contention.    To hang
an- argument on to the check-off, mak-:
ing it appear as a means' for the closed  shop,  or in fact most. "anything
along that line in the hope that'the
people of western Canada would stand
back and permit their squabble to go
until one sidevor the other was exhausted.     This must be the case, for
an analysis of-', the wage scale would
not win for the employers of labor any
consideration' if it were in the hands
of the entire citizenship,, hence, I .venture the statement that the check-off
clause is only a subterfuge to keep the
unacquainted   from   really   knowing
where the differences He.'    The onus
of blame must attach itself to one side
or the other.    Obstructive tactics per:
meated the entire Calgary conference,
and no progress beyond the check-off
was made; the question of a new wage
schedule was not reached during all
their. deliberations.     No offerings of
an increase for day laborers, nor a reduction in the price of pillar' mining
was seriously or,at any length discussed; it at.all.' but after.the mines closed
down, on April 1st. an offer of 5.55 per
cent increase was made to those employees working for day wages.   This
would seen at first glance a willingness on "the. part of theoeprators to
concede something to prevent a prolonged suspension of mining operation.
This fact was given the widest publicity in all the newspapers, yet there was
a good reason why "it   was rejected.
These seemingly "generous employers
asked a reduction on the contract min-
ing'rate for pillar'coal.   (This advance
of 5.55'per-cent offered had been secured by the American miners and la-
borers  in .Montana  and  Washington
during the last four years).    The amount of reduction asked for on pillars
was not stated at the time; nor did the
miners have any. idea how much would
be demanded of them if the few day
men were increased, until Mr. McLeod,
who represented the, operators' on the
conciliation board, in his appended report stated it to be twelve cents per
ton. ' ,. '        c - >
-  A liberal estimate of the number
of  day  wage  menj employed  in  the
per cent of the total men employed.
The0wages they receive range from
J2.50 to $2.75 per.day, and for the purpose of arriving-at average wage it
would be, less than $2.62%.     I do, not
mention, the'jnjari receding, $3.00(,per
day, for in°all caseslhe-is aTminer work
Ing a, deficient, place.'     Say, for instance, and for the purpose of illustration, V mine-employed 500.men in
total 'underground,'  one "hundred  of
them'would he day laborers, coming
under the day wage scale.    The average wage being $2.62% and thoy received 5.55 per cent Increase,   which
amounts to 14% cents per day and
bringing the average wage tb $2.77 per
day.     The total Increase for the 100
mon would bo $14.50 por day.     Now
let us look Into tho reduction asked for
on pillar mining, or pillar differential
if you please, presuming that 60 per
cent of the miners aro drawing pillars,
which is the case. In many Instances,
and a fair division of tho men working
in rooms, gangways and pillars   in
many of tho mines In  this region,
where room and ontrymen tako out
from ton to fifteen por cent of tho entire conl area and tho remaining coal
being In, the shape of pillars for extraction and coming under tho differential
clause, that each pillar miner mined
eight tonn of coal at 50 conts por ton,
and ho under tho proposed pillar differential was compelled lo glvo a reduction of twelve cents per ton,   ho
would bo reduced 00 cents per day,
and for tho 240 pillar minors in this
mlno employing 500 men thero would
ho a dally reduction of $220.00,    For
a working year of 250 dnys, which Ib
somewhat  hotter  than   tho  average
work year In tho Crow region, 'tills
company would pny nn ndvnnco to tho
day men amounting lo $3,052    nnd
would In turn pny tho pillar minora a
loHfl nmoiint of $57,400.00.   If tho rond-
or wIbIiob ho mny flgiiro out what tho
profit to tho conipanloB would ho If
this trado wont through, conHldorlng
thoro nro ovor 15,000 mon employed In
tho district.
It, might bo nHkoil hy a orltlcnl
filond why wns not tho Gordon report, accepted by tho minors? Up to
thin tlmo thoro has boon no official
recognition glvon It, hy the Western
Conl OporatorB' Association, nnd bo
long iih It stands unrecognized thoro
ennho no ground for argument.  Thora
t ,v
When 20,000,000 people of the Unit-
ed.States can be made to suffer directly, or .indirectly in the suspension of
operations on a - single big railway
system, due to strikes, some observers think.it isabout, time for the people to. step in-and adjust the .differ-'
ences between labor and capital.
An effect thus.far-reaching it is reckoned, would follow, a tie-up of tbe Har-
riman line—the Union Pacific and the
Southern Pacific; ;and in anticipation
of such an event the Chicago Record-
Herald declares that the„"third,iparty"
—the public—must inevitably impose
compulsory arbitration, for "the country will -not submit to dislocation!
waste, paralysis,, in silence .and resignation.'
- Comment of this nature grows out of
a demand bn the; Harfiman railways
and the Illinois Central for the recognition of a federation of allied crafts,
and the following propositions which,
if granted, the ■ railroad officials declare would virtually put the railroads in the hands of the workmen.
The demands of the men are thus
summarized: -
1. ■ The rule of the closed shop with
allowance of thirty days, during which
employees,-old and new, may. "qualify" .themselves for service by joining
a union.
• •. 2._ An eight-hour day Instead of a
nine-hour day.. '
' 3.Flat wage increase of seven cents
an hour. . ,
4. Equal representation on board
of directors of the,company, hospitals,
which are partly supported by employees who have no voice in their conduct.
5.' Free keeping of a patient in hospital as long as patients demand it,
sanctioned by,their, association.
6. Conferences, to be granted after
thirty days' notice of desire to change
contract is submitted.
8. All time work other than bulletined to be [considered overtime.   •
9. Allowance for expenses while on
traveling work to:be raised from one'
dollar..to, one ,dollar,, and fifty cents
per day.        -"'  ...;;i, -rih. -   ..
,10.. Capacity . shall be determined
within thirty days; after that no man
shall bellischarged, on grounds of incompetency.
■ 11.   No physical examination or personal .record.. .,,,:;,,..
12. ^Grievances to be handled by
Shop ?Employees',' Federation.
13.;'Light.",work.■,t0^r. old employees
unable .to. do heavyrwork, without reduction in pay.     • v
14. - Seniority., to govern promotion
to foremanship. ■     <      ,
All of which causes President C. H.
Markhani, of the Illinois Central, to
grasp,' and Vice-President JuIIub Krut-
,tschmltt,;of the. Haurlman Interests, to
throw up hla hands and exclaim- that
his pay-roll would be Increased $7|000,-
000-a year. The-latter la quoted as
having said:
'.'Under tho changes proposed by
the federated employees and opposed
by tho companios, an Issue raised on
a small road In the.system ln Louisiana or Texas might stop all shop
work throughout the system by requiring members to strike ln distant
California or Washington or Nebraska, To settle tho quostlon tho company Involved might hnvo to moot a
committee representing all of Its crafts
men, which committee would owo allo-
glanco to tho General Committee com-,
posod of all craftsmen of all lines of
tho Harrlman Hystem,
"Such ah' nrrnngomont would mean
chaofl, would abridge or doprlvo tho
corporations of ability to fulfil their
duties Imposed upon them hy tho law,
and officers deliberately so betraying
thfl'r trusts would bo justly condemned
by public opinion.
"Those are tho reasons why wo de-
llno to Burroiulor to Irreaponnlblo commit toos of fodorntod employees ropro-
BPntlng a vory nmnll portion of tho
public truatfl confided to us hy tho
entire public, and why wo will not
concede to Bitch commlttoo the right
to dlclnto whether our compntilos nlmll
or nlmll not fulfil for twenty mlllloufl
of. pooplo In sovontoon "Stiitou of the
Union tho duties cloarly proscribed by
'Yen, oohoos Iho Now York Call, n
lnhor organ, "tho good old railroading
Idea of ,'tho- public ho damned' bus
given way to Iho modornto and effective Idea" that tho public can ho iuUIk-
od as n buffer, "for hy thlfl m^nns It
can ho damned much moro'offonr.'vtily.'
All -the (•opnrtmontH of tho Harrlinnu
rn<v1« V.vp hnt\}} "f/MlnvnW," onvivl
U no logiil process hy which the I»-|Th0 or.ll: and tho writer nave, of rail-
piirtiuuut of Ubor «»n onforco <"«|,,(m(1 mnRnnioH m genornl!
findings of tho boards; and woll thoro   , „Thoy nro b||torly opp0D0(] t0 ll(lV,
operators concodo to tho union ^ho
right to bxlBt'und develop Itself nniong
their omployooB, ThtiB tho union, pro-
foBslnjE tho policy of tho open door,
K*nlly procwids lo clone It, a UUlu and
nro Biirprlam! and grloved to find behind tho door tho wholo body o! operators shoving au for dear life.
Tho entlro Calgary conference appears to ho a caso of nhovlng at, that
door, llko two Rugby football squndB,
each trying to carry a goal. Was this
oLuttucttou,'putpoauly carried ou by
the op«rators?
Bhould In> In this instance, for a careful niinlysln of tho flndliip would
show tho minors wore In for n, sorlnun
ibdiii-.iioii. 'kins report inriHiH n reduction on tho pillar mining rnto Into
tho mlnOB of tho Crow's Nest Co., who,
horotoforo, hnvo nnkod no reduction
from tholr omployoes, besides, tho pliy*
nlcnl conditions of tho mlnen nro hiicIi
that thbwt'mlnnni employed on plllin'
work would havo but nmnll chnncon
to onrn n livelihood,
Tho favored merchants in thoso coal
pnny «tor«a aro operated under nom
camps, and In some liistnnc-M coin-
do guerrea, havo chonen to oxtend tho
be abolished. But the railroad magnates would not abolish it; ' They foster.- it and they foment strife among
the workers. ■ Through the insane
methods used in production more than
half of the working energy of thehu^
man race is disgracefully wasted. So
a good beginning • in the elimination
of waste would be made if the workers
on the Harriman lines decided to doi.A
away with the waste incident to having many disconnected small unions.
"It may strike terror to the hearts
of their employers, but it will vastly
increase the strength of the men themselves, and there are none who more
keenly understand this than the-employers. Neither need the men nor
the public fear the control of the roads
by those who operate them. • Only by
such control can 'Old Man Public* ever
come into his own."
. Responsibility for whatever,the people may lose in the grind between the
"upper and nether millstones" of la.
bor and capital is put upon the Harri
man officials by the Philadelphia Record, for it says that it may be well
under the circumstances for Vice-President Krutttschnitt and the directors
to "consider that the public Interest
in -this controversy is much greater
than their own"; and the Los Angeles
Express reminds this system of railroads that in years gone by it, did
not recognize unions, and hints that
the workmen may expect still greater
concessions.  , ,    •
Leading off^ its issue of September
1, the,Railway World (Philadelphia)
quotes at length an editorial from tlie
Commercial and Financial Chronicle
(New YorTc), which makes this point
for the railroads:
"While nobody  wants    the    roads
starved, the process of denying them
financial sustenance goes on just the
same.    A press dispatch from Chicago
several weeks  ago quoted  some unnamed person high in the councils of
the American Federation of .Labor as
summing up the situation "thus:
."'The railroads are sore, and justly
so at the manner they were tricked into
granting wage advances last year under
promise of increased rates, when, as
a matter of fact, they have had noth:'
ing but decreased „ rates ever since.
It is patent to every well-posted'rail;
or wages must come down.    So-called
scientific management, and efficiency
can not overcome the steadily decreasing- margin of profit that, the roads
are able lo make under present conditions.'.",
. The labor official quoted above -states the  situation fairly,' asserts  The
Chronicle, but he becomes inconsistent when he asserts that the Federa-
tionlst's "will  resist any attempt to
lower their wages, either by direct
cut or by sweating under the guise
of scientific management."   ,
Other editors have been quick to
point out the dangers through which
. .ngland has passed, and to, sound notes of warding In the present crisis.
The English strikers had justification
In that man yof them wero making
hardly a living wage, comments the
Providence Journal, "but no such excuse would apply   In'   this country."
And tho Now York Evening Post. Is
quite as certain that tho employers
should have known that tholr demands
could not bo grontod.   In fact, othe.'
papers contend, the'companies themselves ■ aro "between Satan and  the
deep blue sea"—with Fodoral regulations ns a heritage of the Roosevelt
nnd Tnft Administrations,   nnd   poor
trado condltlonn and tho former evictions of employees on tho debit sldo
of tho lodged—nnd nro strictly   "up
apnlrist It,'" Eighty-two thounnnd men
lnld off recently by rallroadB wh'.cn
hnvo adopted policlos of retrench ment
are' rauto ovldonco of tho situation,
nny  rertnln  offMaln:   but  the labor
npoBtleH claim this action Ib merely a
clonk behind which ulterior motlvoH
rennso. ,,
Tn vlow of tho disturbance, thnt
lnbor In capable of rrontlng In the financial world, Iho Now York Journal
of. Commorco bukkohIh Hint "In tho regulation of IntorHlnto commorco thoro
Hliouhl ho Homo effective monnn of regulating tlm (IohIkiih nnd the conduct
of lnbor ns woll nfl cnpltnl," and continuing nlong HiIh lino tho riillmlolphln
Public Lodger nnyH:
"Whon the country Ib limiting that
combination nnd cn-opornllou among
Uic rnllronds nnd mnnufncttirern nlmll
Im controlled nnd rngulntod In tlio public Intercut, It Ir rqu'nlly ronnnnnblo
to ItiRliit that combination nniong the
workorn Bhnll not bo pnrmlMod to he
employed ngolnflt the general IntorofllB
ii  HiM   1/u auillilli;il  UiiU l.'OlllliliOHH .iri
!T"ppr1;t thr- two tornm f.f i (<:i.)-Uiii-
llrmii nro not. ofjunl, hut the very clr-
rmnsliinroK of conflict under whlrh
Hie labor enmhlnnllonn hnvo grown
have tended toward tho employment,
i^r '.!,-!." !;.-r..'v.-'o:; ;:ov.\r.; ,\>; y;;;^..-.\^
tl:nl aro Boinollmos neither ronHonnhlo
nor for tho general welfare.—-Literary
♦ Fernie Dairy t
delivered to all
parts of the town
Sanders &  Verhaest  Brothers.
srs.   *
Bar supplied with  the  best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars, «
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop .
Shoe Shine
, Bowling Alleys   .
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
 G E R • J
Arrant   Fertile   Branch
Pell at t    Ave.    North
Fire is Often
negligence. And who is there
that is not negligent at times?
Would you havo the work of a
lifetime lost in a few minutes.
Why Not Insure
and then tbe loss of your treasures Is made good as far as
money Is able to replace a loss.
Inquire of us for terms.
Insurance     Real Estate
Ledger Ads Pay
Printer's ink
When used on good preuei ond
neatly displayed type for your stationery is valuable, We have ' evi-rj
fa< ility lor Joints llie l>'Mt of job wotlc
and nt a minimum \\w-
eber s
cost of living to such tin «l*nt thtit ^n,^ thore i,,MBt bo Industrial war
A  poor dovll  worklnjr tor *Mv*n  'oh
(Continued on page 10
Im; thnt unionism of a typo that will
rIvo the workers the best romilts. As
Innc tin they enn Vrep tho men npnrt,
Hplit thoni ui> Into itntiiftonlBtlc groups,
and scatter the weeds of enmity amoiiK
thorn capltnllHin Ib nafo,
"In making IiIh Htnlomont KruttHch-
nltt polnled oiit the result of mich a
federation of all tho workors In ..tlio
railroad lndii.si.ry, won on tho Hn,rrl-
mnn llfi«» Tt would 'nlAPO thftni In !«'""' <l'«f»twi, i'mi ihiit i» t>v ronmilutiotml rnm-i'lli'ii,
man lilies, u wumil Pima liumi ■» I |i,.,fi,i-M la i-*iiwhI Ii^ nn Ifill-iItiMl nuiillllf.i (if tlm
nliunlnlo control.' murium llnlnv fit tlm IvuiUicWan 'lulu',   tohrii tlii>
lillHuiiiiu tutu- M liilbrurtl J'uil lutt'ti ll ruiillilliill noiinii or Uif
tK-rtt'f-i lii-nrmv, «ml »,li<-n tt lit mUnly tliwi-il, Itraf-
nits U tlin rrmilt, ainl \\u\nt tin- Inflammation run lx>
iflltn out tnii tliia mim ruiurnl In IM bornul fundi-
tlm, licuin* will I* iIi-kIpij'ii! forever: nlrw rewi
1,-n of m pint fflti*i| liy cutirrli, yhith t* imiliiin
but «ti InfliniM fonitltlw nl ih» mui-out rwtmre*.
U« »HI irlvp Of,* Itu.-idrM l*it»r« tor any rt— i>(
!)•»( ,<■,« ir«u*-,l by nurrM Out faitmi. Ik- cioitl
by ll.jll'i l'«l»rrli Cwr.   t^"rt lor /-Iri-iiliw. Ir>*.
V. i. CIIL.NI.V * UJ„ tMKlu, 0
C „',t tiy |ir<|iri-l«t«, Vr.
'U>< If <n • r»m.ly imi* for «-omtlp«tian.
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
l.v |..(A h|Iillc.-ill'if„i, M tl.f'/ Cfti,i.<it irucli U.v (11*
uti-il imrlliiii nl tlm cur. .'Hx-m In only mt Hny to
"That In tho very thing for which
the men should tfiWf, It Is Iho thlnn
toward which every hattlo of1 labor
Is' Inovltnbly tending, nnd until It In
faro.    As Industrial warfare is riwxl-
dess, wasteful, and merclloss, It must
New Michel
& Blairmore .;-•■?• V,-*''; :-.'•?
k-krkk k kk ******■••»
-Many colliery managers early realized some of the advantages which electricity offered in increasing the efficiency of coal Putting and coal raising,
as well as for the various' oilier operations in a pit. But, owing to the intense conservatism of this class, and
also to the low standard of work in
many early installations, its adoption
in the'pits of tlrcat Britain has been
nothing like as rapid as it should have
been. In addition to this there exists
in many quarters a somewhat vague,
though unfounded fear on the part of
the miners and managers of this new
force1. That this objection cannot be
. justified is shown by the fact that only
1.54.por cent of the fatal accidents in
mines arises from electrical causes,
almost in every case where such accidents havo arisen they are shown to
ho the result of faulty apparatus or
other preventable causes.
There are, therefore, special reasons for welcoming the new code of.
rules governing the use of electricity
in mines just proposed by a special
committee appointed by the Home
Office iii October, J 909, to inquire into
the subject. This committee consisted of Mr R. A, S. Redmayne, Chief Inspector of Mines; Mr. Charles Merz,
' M Inst.C.E.7 and Mr Robert Nelson,
one of His Majesty's Inspectors of
■ It naturally occurs to ask why any
changes should be made, arid-to examine the changes proposed to existing' rules We might as well state at
once that our examination of the report leads us to the conclusion that the
rules, if adopted, will, add somewhat to
the cost of installing" electricity in
mines, but that they will largely reduce the cost of working and mainta-
ing the apparatus. The committee
.point out that most of the faults of electrical apparatus in' the past'have
been mechanical rather than electrical.
Attention to the mechanical design and
careful .supervision during, the installing and operating of the plant can do
more to reduce working cost and 'to
increase safety than skilled electrical
knowledge. Great 'importance is attached to the mechanical construction
of apparatus for underground use.
; Much more attention is now being
given, to the engineering side of an electrical engineer's training, and there
is noticeable a corresponding improve
of electrical apparatus for use, underground. Even to-day, however, there
is still room for improvement, particularly in connection with auxiliary apparatus; including switch and point
boxes, controllers, and so on. Moreover, it cannot he too strongly emphasized that everything, from the main
switches to the motor, including all
cables and switche gear, should be as
far as possible metal-cased with a'material impossible of attack from conditions prevailing In mines.
Tlie rules proposed by the committee
may be divided Into,two classes, inasmuch as they deal on the one hand
with the design and maintenance of
the apparatus and the competency of
the porson in charge, To take ' the
latter first; it. Is to bo rcgrcltcd that
division of responsibility has not been
avoided, ■ Tho proposed substitute for
Rule II, requiring tho presence in tho
mlno of a "competent" person, specifies that the "electrician,',* together
tho necessary assistant, shall bo np-
Oneof tho lMc»t nrooilnont gen-
tsmsn to  iponk  highly  In   Znm
BuW i favour is Mr. C. B. Snnford
of Weiton, King's Co., N.S.   Mr,
Sanford Is a Jujtleo o( t|te P«0c«
for,the County and » member of the   ! ,„].   M
pointed in ^YritiIlg by the manager, and
shall "be competent for the work that
he is set to do." Nobody except such
an authorized person or a competent
person acting under his immediate supervision is to undertake any work
where technical knowledge or experience is required in order to avoid danger. .The committee state, however,
that the "electrician" is necessarily
under the orders of the mine manager
who is also finally responsible under
the Coal Mines Regulation Act, and
suggests "that the examination for a
colliery manager's certificate should
require a more extensive knowledge of
electrical work than it doos at present.
Thoy consider, for example, that the
manager should know a good, cable
joint from a bad one, and that he
should be able to criticise intelligently
the maintenance of the electrical plant.
With regard to the choice of system,
the committee consider that an alternating current system using high pressure for transmission, high or medium
pressures for large motors, and low
pressures for small motors and lighting,, is safer, more reliable, and probably cheaper to install than a system
with medium pressure throughout. •
Several new rules in connection with
earthing and insulation are proposed.
Whereas earthing is now specified
only in the case of cable sheaths and
armourings other than trailing cables,
switch cases and motor frames other
than portable'motors, and then only
when the pressure exceed 250 volts, a
new rule covers all apparatus at pressures above 250' volts direct current
and 125 volts alternating current,' including trailing cables, joint boxes, instrument covers, all lampholders unless protected by a fireproof insulating material, and' all machines, including portable motors. It is further
specified that they shall be earthed by
connection to an' earthing system at
the surface of the mine, and that all
earth conductors, other than the metallic covering of cables, shall have a
conductivity, at all parts and all points
at least equal to that of the largest
conductor supplying the apparatus it
is desired to earth. In the caae of
cables the metallic covering is to have
a conductivityat least equal to 50 per
cent, of that of the largest conductor
of the, cable. ■'.,.'.
.The earthing of the neutral point on
■o.—nil ec-ynaoc oj-»ieiu_anu-uie-iiiiu-vujc-
age point of any other system both at
one point only, is permitted as before
but the rule which proposes to make
it compulsory to cut off pressure autc-
maticall in the event of a fault or
leakage will entail considerable alterations to existing switchgear if adopted. High pressures aro limited to
stationary machines of over 20 horse
power. Switchgear is to be constructed so that the lodgment of dirt or coal
dust on or close to 1'vo parts ';, prevented. The new rules prescribe that
switchgear for cutting off the supply
shall bo provided at the surface within 200 yards of tho pithead. In a
concentric system tho switchgear
must be arranged so that tho, continuity of tho earthed outer Is never
broken. With regard to cables, tho
proposed rules provide that all multi-
core or concentric cables, other thnn
flexible trailing cables, shall have a
metallic sheath whoro tho pressure
cKcccde 2j0 volts. Single-core cables
i"jcd not have this sheath, out ni ist
oitne-r bo enclosed In n pipes containing ell the conduriors of a cucul' or
nii.st. be secured lo Insulators hy readily breakable material. All sheathing
nnd armoring Is, of courRo, to he elec-
trlcnlly continuous throughout, and Is
lo ho enrlhod wllh tho earthing fiys-
tern hy a connection of not less 'conductivity than Iho snmo length of the armoring. Tho Bhcnthlng Is to ho pro.
tooled ngiilnst corrosion whoro necessary. Flexible cables for portable np-
purnlus aro to bo multiple-core, and, 11
armored, tho armoring Is not to bo
tho only enrlh conductor, hut an additional earth  wire Is lo ho provided,
Coming now to the use of high pressures, tho committee suggest Hint II
Is heller lo transform down for motors
nf 50 horsn-power and tinder when tho
mipply Ih nt n.Oiio voIih, nnd If tlio Hiip.
Ply Ih al ii higher preHHiim It Is re*
fommeiidt'd lo transform    down    for
IIIOlDI'H Of   101) llOI>',V-!)OWJ>t' or ll'HH,
Small llKhllng iriinsrormci's mny ho
run In Kollil wllh Inwuliiilni; compounds
while large transformers should ho
nil Immersed. The secondary rlrruils
Hhoiild ho earthed nl one point lo avoid
the rl.sk of the prcmuiv rlhlng to ,n
high' vuluo by contiicl wllh the prim,
ury. Whoro this is uiidonli'iililo, us In
local Hiilitlug clrcitllH, an eailh shield
lictWH-tt the windings Is leeonimenil-
ing the armoring.to a spigot or to a
gland screwed into the switclibox' or
cable dividing box. Cable boxes should
be supported on "a brickwork base in a
recess by the roadside, arid, binding
of the metallic sheaths inside or outside the box is necessary. It is stated
commended, that a plug should make
the earth connection before the supply
connection, but though it is stated
that the current should not be on when
tho plug is being inserted or withdrawn
tho use of plugs arid sockets automatically interlocked is not referred to.
Special precautions are suggested
where inflammable gas may occur.
These refer in the first place to he
uso of motors, cables, apparatus, and
signalling instruments, especially constructed to obviate the risk of "open
sparking.', The current is to be switched off Immediately sparking occurs ov
while examination or a'djustment,r,dis-
closing parts liable to spark is being
made. In the second place, every
lamp is to ho enclosed in an air-tight
fitting with an hermetically sealed
globe. A safety-lamp is to be provid
ed near each motor, and should any indication ofj firedamp be given, the attendant must switch off the current
and report the matter. The rule relating to shot-firing prohibits the us«
or current from lighting power circuits
for this purpose in any circumstances.
Haulage by electric locomotives on the
overhead trolly wire system is .according to the proposed rules, prohibited
In any part of a coal mine, but storage
batter ylocomotlves may be used, subject to the consent of the Home Secretary.       '' ' :  /
A point on which it would have been
an advantage to have had more detailed, ruling has reference to lighting
circuits mentioned before.' There is a
paragraph in the repoort of the- committee which states that there is'no
reason ..why 100 volts should ever be
exceeded on any new underground
lighting installation, but, unfortunately
this has not been embodied in the
rules. There is certainly no reason
why 100 volts should ever be exceeded,
but the only way to insure this is to
specify that it shall not be exceeded.
A rule bn this point could hardly apply
to. direct- current installations, but
there is no reason why greater safety
should not be. secured in some mines
because it cannot be secured at all.
—.. „uv,.,—M.U—ciit^i U011115- cm rvnt^wunv--
ing is making much greater headway,
than direct, current, the effect of such
a- rule, if it were also made to apply to
existing, installations after a reasonable period, would in a few years have
spread to the more important part of
themine-lighting installations in Gm«t
There are a few other points of .detail in the report and rules to which
attention might be drawn, but we must
leave them for the moment. One of
the"main objects of the committee, apparently has been to avoid legislating
on points of detail, especially as regards construction, rather than lay
down general principles which, while
not hampering Individual design and
Initiative, are nt the snmo time likely
to result, in satisfactory detail work.
This is an admirable Intention; none
tho less, In view of the peculiar conditions of colliery eelctricnl engineering,
thoro nro somo points on which we
should hnvo welcomed a moro deflnlto
Whatever else the new rules may do,
however, thoy' will certainly lend to a
great extension of tho use of electricity
In up-to-dnto mid woll-mnnagcd pits,
although thoy may somewhat rotnrd Its
Adoption In a few pits whoro'lho porn-
nlary consideration Is tho deciding
one.--Prom nn artlclo In "Cnsslor's
Magazine," entitled "Tho Now British
Rules for tho Use of Hlcctrlclty In
W       w
WW.   >--<...<i.ijii)n«r».
Hit I* tiUo IWiviti of tlci li 1 |,i 1 ,MMiv.'i-h
in Uirwiuk.   imlcu.t it,would Innliiiimilt
(0 liml a lil.'t.'l  Uuf.j Wi.l.Jy i,iw,Wi«H,t
more hlfhly rmpoRtod.     Ih m j<  hi,
opinion 01/nm-iliik,    llonnj'H;—.
"I uiivur ti-ml iiiiylhliiK tli'it, (wvfi ,„„
ir.li HalUfAi turn ni /.>iii.|iiiic.    1  Imt  11
xt'-h of l>r->m,i r>n"tt".* mil in vi,i,.i  * „,i
LlU..f|   t ,|
j ,r wvi r ■;,» Jciui-.,   t-.i>rncti.'ijf-j
alio t in ilikVMO wun',1 l>r<Mk urn i,u jny
ils'.iiiMori, I mil n;>|i!l»i| vui-mh olnt-
nifinu and trlnl nit torli of thlnita lo
niilalnneuro, but In r.iln. '/..„> link, „n.
Iko avorttiilfiK «■!«'« I \M trl.il, tii-nvnl
l»W'l/*»tUf.uur>rynn't cun-ij tlm ailment.
"I h-ivo Ainu utol /•will.k fur Itniilnir
Jilloi, ami It U<t» (Min.-il lli«.iri eintplatrly
»!■* 11 tkoromrnrtin Jiftljilitirniy familiar
men, nm1 Iff l.-tt p'l'i.'lrif I n or my ootul-in
Of Ito huftilMtf vmIiio tif Znm Jink Will !*«<!
other sulfrrurit') try It, i ilionl.l b« aUd.
Wirllin ri \)i<t of mitrv>r!ri<r*vui«-M hrl'iT**nr
«kin J>i«rn,B» 1 know of noiUJBf'to6<itt»l
Znm-ttuk." 7     »
fern-link earn okin, ilivtmi, M**! twlton,
tier worm, t^urlf* f.r ruB«-i>r mi, Ul w,
rtrivm «J«ri. uit rhrow, vttiti* li*h, ««u.
lurnt, trulMt, Uty'l *-.?«, •l<*» Pur.ly fc«rUt,
IA4bo(,dnjfit>UM«liton«. KiroMlatUUM*.
-In Htntoi)  t'mt   tlm fntn-M-'ii-ltoii
of  iho  switch   irnnr  should   he iliiBt-
1 proof, moihiuro-proof, nnd ho ilosljiwd
,!ih t-i proU'iil open HpitrliiiiK, bin no
, Il.ilitiou  )«  Iii:n]e of Ihll  pOMiiliillty  of
; M'l-ui'iiig fliinii'-proof protection,    (ins.
Unlit f-oiifini'-ilnii Is not Inshtnl uitnn
hill   10   JII.'IIJIV   llliit   lll.'IC   Is   no   open
xpni'hlne In the wist of n f.^lli In the
'•able It is recommended that the metal1
Tlio large nnd ever growing army nf
gamo bird humors will find ample vnr-
loly In KtorloH dealing wllh their favorite recreation In Hio Reptomher Ikruo
of Hod and (!un In Canada, published
hy W. .1. Taylor Limited, Woodstock,
Ontario. From Newfoundland, to
lhitlsh Columbia Is a wide range and
all Is Included In this one number, (ho
dll'!Y'roncen In Hip spoil enjoyed In the
various provinces being lawly plea-
Hiuitly convoyed In u series of stories
dealing with acluiil ofrunoneoH lu tho
field, ruither uniety ih given hy n
I'iiicly llliiNtnited story of the Cruise
of tho PnpooKc, n enmplng story,, rind
Homo ovpellenl versen. C.cor.o, iluclrs.
itnd prulrlo chlcUi-im'afford Iho very
bout nf sport and their devolves loll
of iho romplolo enjoyment oxperlcnc-
|V<i iu ii *ut) in iii.iko tiiur conrroras{
i-"< ,'.'!rc !'.■ .'.'.'.'.'J.I- .;,„:.,,11 j  »w(|i (,'ie
■■.,'IIIK- IllijH'l   jll   \\,-W,       WidK v-liooiliiff.
Is a Btiorfsmnnlll-e n^rnjif'nn am! with'
only fnlr conservation there should he!
I ample opportunities for all i;pnrlBmpnj
!'••     ''   ' "      ''"    ■>   .'.I'-,"      -'.Mllll       til      llllh     1H|1H|
Indefinite tlfne to
To the Man
i * *
Out on Strike
Mr. Workingman, you who are now
out on .strike, here's cheerful greetings to you! Here's hoping you win
four fight! n
Here's hoping you win more wages
and shorter hours. Here's hoping you
are able to better your working condi
tions.- Here's1 hoping you raise your
standard of living at every point!
*   *   *
,   Our wish is .that every last man of
you stand true to your cause, that not
one deserts the ranks or lowers t!:e
. Our-wish is-that however hard the
struggle may be you' will win. And
our wish is that you will come out of
this struggle jn stronger trim to enter
whatever struggle coines next.
. To your every attempt to improve
the living conditions of working people we wish complete success.
And we wish you more than that.
We want you to come to learn soon
—for you will learn it some time—
that the skilled mechanic and' the
common laborer," the high-priced ex;
pert and .the low-priced manual worker—a—11 of- you belong together. All
of you are members of the class that
exists by their labor, the working
■',*   *   *       l' .
We expect you to settle all your own
little differences among, yourselves.
We expect you, to work out the"details
: KirenHon for nn
come.    A moro IntorPFllna' number of
I Ihls fine Magazine ban never been Issued.
'iiiti    HAUt'li.    Hopt,    in,—q.joen
He sheath    nearest    the    rondiiiilors!
should be ttlr-flitht. ns In a lead sheath,!
'or Hhoiild.he mclnsril by another,
,'.'ki-a',!-.. .u ,-,i,ii\ wmioyiiiri \e. jml, im-ri
jtm iimrr copper fihf.-atli with n moder-l
iUUl> 1'uli n l,i-i|ilitm (if jutft or oth«T|
ji*mt«'rinl be»w<-en.     In' both caseB lhej Wllnhemlna has abandoned her Inten-
ohji-ft Is fo prv-vft;i th*» nrr-from |K'tie-;l|otf to ojw-n  tU- PtatM (Icnc-ral on
|rrfi»lng fo fho outside of tho cable he- September 10 In twwm, In ronse<|ti-
\tnrt Hi* current Is rut off.    Wire nr-jonco of Hie determination of tlio So-
fworij;K is ptvferable lo Ujk> armorlnB.jciftHsts «o make a demonstration for!
j.uul douhlu Ui *luuUi tiviuuilutu-    U U m.U»ffw»l k.utt'i*i«.. in trw> strives skmn-
jioiB^c-stetl that tlte ends of Iho armors!
1 cable should be finished off hy secur-
ltrtnoouslr with  the pasiafte or the
royal proce««lon.
of your organization according to
what-experience teaches, you.
But we expect you to let no difference and no questions of detail'hide
the big thing—that you all belong, together, that you' are, soldiers, in the
one army, fighting' on the same side.
And we expect you' to do more than
that. ' "    -     .
We expect you to'learn tho methods
of'warfare, employed by the men of
capital who are fighting you, and
guide yourself accordingly.
* *   *
Tho capitalists have their manufacturers* association, business men's association, arid high-priced, fraternal
organization. And thoy do not stop
there. , °,
■ They do tho best part of their business  through politics.'
Business men, capitalists and corporation officials contribute to tho
funds of tho Liberal and Conservative
and, reform parties because they need
thoso parties,in their business.
And Judging; by results, tholr money
Is well spent.
Whon a strike or lockout comes, tho
police are used against, tho working
The magistrates and Judges aro used
against tho working people..,
The pollccmnn's club, the magis-
trato's powor, tho court's Injunction,
tho mlHHnmnn'H rlflo ond tho constable's gun nro so many wenpons m
the hands of Iho capitalist class.
In time of n lookout or sfrlkn, you
quickly discover "Hint things as thoy
nro today nro not for, of ond hy tho
people of which tho working class
are the vast majority* Things todny
nro of, for and hy tho capitalist class.
* *   ♦
And this Is why:
Tlio present lime Is Iho lime of big
Industry. The things wo out nnd
wear find Hie malorlnl for Iho Iiouhoh
wo live In and Hie shops wo work In
nro made nn a largo scolo. II, takes
n great deal of capital to really ho
Homebody In* tlio commercial and In.
duhtrlnl world. And Iho big follow!
nre swallowing, or can swallow, tho,
little fellows whenever thoy cIiooro.
All the Dominion laws nnd all the
provincial laws about corporations and
trusts have nol stopped big Indiinlr'loH
from growing larger and coming noar-
Mow   Hi     :'|0|,iiiWmjJ   jjci.i   U-hw-jv]
you In c:i'-e (if n lockoiil or slrlko Is
Inst the wny if nets nil Hip time.
Whether Conpervntlro or Liberal, or
reformer". nr<> In control, the cnpltnlHt
nie ilie people who nro controlled.
• •   *
The \ery fliht ihlnp yon must learn
from (hi* ii thnt tho old parties hnvo
no lime foi you and you should hnvo
no time tor the oM rmn/es.
Secondly, thai tho %'orklnff class
must have th.-lr nun r>nrtv and Tltthl
Ihflr own biitiie In jicllllrs.
For politics ,)enls with tho broad
sn<] IjuUtr o,iu-Miof).
• *   •
Yon who nr* out on nttiko are
kamlnE st first band what Iho «m-
ployi«r want* Is different from what
yon want. Your wntres nnd bis profits
pome out of the one amount of money
If wages are increased, profits fall.
1.1 profits are increased, wages fall.
If you work shorter hours, for the
same .wage,, the employer loses. If the
employer does not spend money to
keep the shop clean and sanitary and
to protect, you from the machinery or
disease-breeding rriaterials,   you ' lose
Almost at every point his and your
wants are opposite. His gain is your
loss. „ His riches are made at your expense.
* *'  »
You, workingman out on strike, do
you think- you' are fighting only for
the recognition of your union? 'Do
not believe it!
Do you think you are fighting only
to keep some of the union men from
being blacklisted?   Do not believe it!
Do you think, you are fighting only
for a little higher wage,, or a few
shorter hours, or slightly better" shop
conditions?    Do not believe it!
You are fighting for something
grander and nobler than that.
..You are fighting for the.chance of
the working class to be safe from the
wolf at the door, to be insured against
injury at work, to know that you can
always.have work so long as you are
able to work, to know that you will
not be a pauper in your old age' and
be given a charit burial.
-. You are fighting for the chance of
the children of the working class to go
of the mill and the factory.
■ You are fighting for the chance of
the women of the working class to be
happy wives' and mothers, Instead of
being household drudges and factory
wrecks, often driven into the' slavery
of shanie.'
And you who are doing picket duty
and living on strike rations may not
expect to do anything more than gain
somo tiny concession from- your employer. But you are helping to establish n new civilization.
For you "may be building better than
you know, You may bo fighting a
stronger fight than you think. '■
Tho greatest movement of our time
Is toward Soclnllsm.
Every strike Is a' protest against
their lot nnd a guorantco that they
will not submit to tho rule of the capitalist class.
, And tho purpose nf this union of all
peoplo of all countries Is, just tills;
To own together the lnnd nnd mn
chlnery and Industries, so that all who
work may bo masters of their lives.
That Is what Socialism means.
* *   *
You who ore out on strike today
havo every reason for wnntlng to van
this union of tho working class of all
You hnvo every renson for wishing
tho Socialist parly succobh, Just ns tho
Socialist party wishes you nuccess.
You havo ovory reason for wanting
to sludy moro  nbout  Socialism.,
You have ovory reason for wanting
lo vuto Socialist tlckot,
You hnvo ovory reason for wnnting
to Join tho Socialist parly—N. Y. Coll.
The,following confession was^ made
byJa."ganster".in a recent number of
the World-Magazine.   ,   -, ''"'',..,- V
"Gangs collect a lot of money, too,
breaking strikes..,. .There's a'.couple
of days of hard work in that, and it's'
just, about as easy, money as you want.
I've helped to break a whole lot of
strikes in. the past six years, and| take
it from me, here's one straight tip for
the union men. Tliey ..can win .every
strike they go out on if they'll .only
sit tight at home and' do nothing!
Just let the gang of strike-breakers
alone and - they'll make the bosses
glad to get the old men back.
. "There was the finest bunch of
crooks and grafters working as strike
breakers in ■ those Adams' Express
company strikes you would ever want
to see. I was one of 'em and know
what I'm talking about.- That gang
of grafters cost the express company
a pile of money. , Why, they used to
start trouble themselves just to keep
their jobs a-going and to get a chance
to swipe stuff off the wagons.
"It was the same way down at Philadelphia' on the street car strike.
Those strike-breakers' used to get a
car out somewhere in the suburbs and
then get "off arid .smash'up the windows, tip the car over and put up an
awful holler^'about being attacked by
strikers,, just so they'd have to be
kept on .the Job." .    • ■»
DENTIST   '.'"'
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C,
.Hours: 8.30 to 1 • 2 to 5.    .77
•- ... ■> --
Residence: .21, .Victoria Avenue.    ."
W. R; Ross K. C. /        .   '   W. S! Lane
Fernie, B. C. ..     •      ,. Canada.
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Barristers ana Solicitors
Cox Street Fernie B. C.
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
S Bottled
'Goods a Specially
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
F. C. Lawe . '■'   Alex; I. Fisher
Fernie, B. C.
A. McDougall,, Mgp
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Large Airy Rooms &
„   Good Board
Ross & Mackay 52B&
"Pnpn, what Is n dollnquont?'
pounded llttlo Hobby.
"A delinquent, my lioy," snld tho
father, pompously settling bnck In his
enny chair nnd lighting a qunrter clgnr,
"u dellnquont Is n ninn—that Is a \)<sr-
hou— worhliigmnn—wlio will not work
nnd depends upon Iho efforts of others
for his siiHloimnce, lie Is called n
hobo," »
'."Well, how does ho llvo—-why do
peoplo glvo him anything to eat'/"
"Oh. these "hoboes nre clever fellows,
my hoy—Ihcy aro Hharp willed, and
get people In pari, wllh Iho tilings thoy
in   ulijvuv   Uii«i
Una i-lt  <>,f *■!!.".•:
"Yon, my mm.
"I was thlnlrinir,
do nny dirty work, do you, pnw,"-
*'.Vo, of pouho not."
works for you, don't they?"
"Woll, yes — what, nonsense you
"I wns Just Ihlnklnsr, paw—I ain't n
hobo's lltllf hoy, nm I?"
"F,ook hero, son, you mustn't bother
papa with *o many questions'— nm
nlon«r nnd piny with your Un snhlleri."
Stanley St.  -  Nelson
Best Family and Working man's
Hotel In City; nicely furnished
rooms with Bath. Beds,-, 50c.
each, meals, 35c,
A Union House
Prop., J. 8. BARRATT
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Calf in and
see us once
The Hotel of Fernie
J'VhiIo'h l>ii(liii|j[ Commercial
mill Tourist lfnuwo
v S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Llxard Local General Teamstere No.
141. Meets ovory 1-Vlday nlRhl nt
8 p. m. Minors' Union Ilnll. W.
A WorthlnBton, President; K. J.
flood, Secretary.
<Um;MI {
\wiik mm
Bartenders* Local No. 014: Moots 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Seeip
lary .1. A. flounlll. WnWnrf Ttntol
Why?" ;
You don't IinvK* to'
Nowhere in the Pats can. be
found In such a display ef
j Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
I Moot* 2ml and 4th Thursday Minora
Union hull.    t). itces. tfo\
Dr. de Van's Female Pill*
A rditbti Frtnch itgulilori&nm falls. Ttm [
|<.W» *re wfiMKJJtir* TwraliiJ j» iWUttfog i^l
(tamtltf portlo* cl m f«m«t« «»»lem.  KtfsM I
M (.hew UttlUlUitt*.  Or. iU VW» *«• *.M m
IS* Un,m thte* Ut lla  U»lM lo »»r fc«x*
th» ttmmtlt trtng CmM mU OUhMMaM, Ont.
For Sal* at DlMtdell'a Drug 8tor«.
We have the bett money
can buy of Oeef, Pork, Mutton, Veal,- Poultry, Dutter.
Eggi> Fnh, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, 8aui<g«tf
Weinert and Bluer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phone M
• jl,.'.'mis.,.i>w*, v»niOd isti, wjy lv'ifitrts
Inst Bnturdny In each month nt tho
Ledger Office A. J, Iluchloy, 8ec
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P. of C. Moots
in Miners Union Hall avery flnnrtny
at 7.45 p.ra. Everybody welcome. U.
Taton, ficcretary-Trcasurcr.
Amilgamattd Society Carpenters and
Jolnera:—Me«l In Miners Hall every
alternate Thursday it ft o'clock. A,
Ward, secretary. P. O. 3M.
- i
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and-
Jolner»/~Ijocal 1M0.    ». j. KV«n«
PrMtdmt; r. II. Shaw, flecretary. ■ ? ' ${"
'- " tt
I  .J      <- ■
\ v «- „■-
The Week's News for
Our Foreign Brothers
i.'   <
I- see hy the papers that the Duke
of Sutherland, the most extensive own-
er of land in Scotland, is going into the
"land developing" business in, Canada.
,   ''The Duke," says   the   Marquis of
Queensberry; "is a shrewd land owner,
and if ^ there is* anything'to be made
, out, of the prolific fields of Canada, I
, am sure he will accomplish It.'
r   It Is also stated, that the noble duke
intends to import a large number of
his farmers. •«
, I am sure Socialists will watch with
interest his attempts to introduce' his
Scottish tenantry system Into the Ca-
. nadian, Northwest. The members -of
the duke's family, during the past
century have been great land developers, and possibly the noble duke inherits their ability. In Volume II.
of Carl Marx's "Capital" ls an interesting history of the 'family's operations In the land developing line., I
have enclosed' extracts from the same
Fraternally yours,
',»   , '       EDWARD MANSFIELD
7 Brooklyn, N.Y.
From Marx's Capital, Vol. II
The' Highland Celts were organized
in clans, each of which was the owner
of the land on which it• was-settli-i.
The representative of the clans, its
chief or "great man," was only the tltii
lar owner of this property, just as the
£ueen of England is the titular owner
of all the natural boIL1* When the
English Government succeeded in suppressing the intestine wars of thess
"great men1', and their constant incursions into the. lowland plains, Vthe
chiefs of thev clans by no means gave'
up their time-honored trade as rob
t*rs; they only changed its form. On
their own authority 'hey transform*-!
their nominal rights into a right of private property, and as this brought
them into collision with their clansmen, resolved to drive them out by
open force. "A, King, of England
might as well claim the right to drive
bis subjects into the sea," says Profes:
sor Newman. ' This revolution, which
began in Scotland after the last rising
of the followers of the Pretender, can
be.followed through" its final phases
in the writings of, Sir James Stewart
and James Anderson..    In the eigh-
were forbidden to emigrate from the
country, with a view to' driving them
by force to Glasgow and other manufac
turing town's    In 1860 the people
expropriated by force were exported to
" Canada under   false pretenses. . . .
.The Duchess of Sutherland, well .Instructed in economy,, resolved, on entering upon her government, to effect a
radical cure and to turn the whole
country," whose population had already
been, by enrller processes of the-like
kind, reduced to 15,o00 into a sheep
walk ■' From .1814 to 1820 theso 15,000
Inhabitants, about 3,000 families, wore
systematically hunted and rooted out.
All their villages were destroyed and
burnt, nil their fields turned Into pasturage. Drltlsh soldiers enforced this
eviction nnd cnme to blows with iho
Inhnbttnnts. Ono old woman was
burnt to death ln the flames of tho
hut which she refused to leave. Thus
this fine lady appropriated 79-1,000
ncrcR of lnnd that had from tlmo immemorial belonged to tho clan. She
assigned to the.expelled Inhabitants
about 0.000" ncres on the seashore—
two ncres'per family. Tlio 0,000 aero3
hnd Until this tlmo lain wnsto and
brought In no Income to Its owners.
Tho duchess,,,In the nobility ot her
"lionrt, nclually wont so far ns to let
theso at nn average rent of two Mill-
lings and six ponco per aero to the
clans men, who for centuries had shod
their blood for her fnmlly. Tho wholo
of tho stolen chin hind sho divided Into
twenty-nine great sheep farms, each
Inhabited by a single family, for tho
niOHt pnrt Imported English farm servants, In the yonr 183R Iho 15,000
GnolH woro already replaced "by 1.11,-
0(10 sheep, Tho rernnnts of tho aborigines flung on the seashores tried lo
llvo by catching fish. Thoy became
amphibious mid lived, uh an English
Author snys, half on lnnd nnd half on
wilier, nnd wlthnl hnlf on both Tlut
tho hrnvo Fuel must oxplnto yol moio
bitterly his Idolatry for tho groat mon
of tho clan. Tho smoll of their fish roso
to the noses of the great men. They
scented some profit in it and let the
seashore to the great fishmongers of
London. For the second, time the
Gaels were hunted out. . But, finally,
part of the sheep walks are turned
into deer preserves.,. . Every„,one
knows that there are no real forests in
England. The deer in the parks of
the great are demure domestic cattle,
fat as London aldermen. Scotland is
therefore the .last refuge of the "noble
passion." "In the Highlands,'" says
Somers in 1848, "new forests are
springing up like mushrooms," . . .
The then Duchess of Sutherland entertained Mrs Beecher St'owe, authoress of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," with great
magnificence, in London , to show her
sympathy for the negro slaves of the
American republic—a sympathy that
she,prudently forgot, with her fellow-
aristocrats during the Civil War, In
which every noble English heart beat
Why the Workers are.Disatisfied with
, * Their Lot  •-'        ,
for   the   slavef owners.
Scotch grandees dispossessed families
as they would grub up-coppice wood,
and they treated villages and their people as Indians harassed by wild beasts
do, in their" vengeance, a jungle with
tigers. ... . Man is bartered for
a fleece or a carcass of mutton, nay,,
held cheaper.''   .   .   .
I see a man strut through a jam In a
Take a Beat 'mid the speakers and
chat to them all.
"Is this Murphy?" I ask, "that the
crowd he defies?".
"No,* says some one,-"he's one of the
newspaper guys!*'.
I see a man pushing his way through
the lines
Of  the cops  where a fire  brightly
glimmers and shines.
"Chief Kenlon?" I ask, but a fireman
,    replies: .    .
"Oh,  no;   why,  that's one of  those
.   newspaper guys!"    ,    ,,
I see a man start on the trail of a
And ' he, scorns  all assistance,, but
brings, him to book..'
"Mr.. Burns?" I enquire.     Some one
scornfully cries— ','-
"Burns?  Naw!   He's just one of them
.newspaper guys!"
I see a man walk through the door of
a show,  *
Where great throngs are blocked by
the sign, S.R.O.
"Is this Goodwin himself, that no
ticket he buys?"
Hell, hardly, he's one of those newspaper guys!"
I soe a man knock oil a president's
door    ,   .       '       ,
And the sign "No Admittance" con-
%   pletely ignore. '
"Is this Morgan, that privacy's rights
he denies?"
"Morgan?   Shucks!     It's just ono of
thoso newspapor guys!"
And somo day I'll walk by tho groat
streets of gold,   ■
And see a man enter, unquestioned
nnd hold.
"'A saint?" I enquire, nnd olc\, Poter'll
"Woll, I should say not, he's ono of tho
newspaper guys,"
—Now York Globo.
(This Inst Is presumptive, ns you enn
You're more likely to find theso guys
in (rhymo with ."well."—Office
At a football match Iho other Saturday tliuiti were men going round with
collecting boxes for tlio honoflt of tho
employes who wero burnt out at a
foundry lu Iho town. Ono of tho men
snld to n fellow, jingling tho box In
hlgi faco:
"Can't tlm spnro owl?"
"Dno you Ink' coppers?" inquired
tho num.
"Well, tnk' thorn two," said tho mini,
pointing to two pollcomon standing In
front of him.
■   By T. P. O'Connor, M.P.     , ..
What is the meaning of this strange
outburst of unrest and violence in the
Labor world which has shocked and
alarmed the world during the last fortnight? Even men in the Labor, v-'orld
have been taken, to a certain" extent,
by surprise; the whole, business! has
burst with the suddenness as well as
♦he violence of a volcano
■ As in most' human affairs', the causes
ff i ourse, are rorapie> And the causes go back to some disrance of time.
The first of these causes is the enormous growth in weihh of, the community during the last few .years They
have, as everybody knows, been years
of boundless prosperity.—' unmistakable demonstration of the wisdom and
success of the fiscal system which enables England still to buy in the cheapest and sell in the dearest market, But
while these years have thus demonstrated the blessings of Free Trade,
they have not solved some of the social
difticultles and especially the difficulty of the unequal distribution of the
reward between capital and Labor,
The working man has seen this high
spring-tide of wealth rolling up, and
has not found that his position is improved as much as he hoped and
wished.       '.-,.
Even when wages have been Increased the position of the working man
has remained stationary; for, with the
growth of wages, there has been at
the same time a growth of the cost of
living. And the growth in the cost of
living has meeh greater than In wages.
From an excellent article on this "subject by Mr. Chiozza Money, I find that,
while during the last fifteen years wages have risen Ju8t about twelve per
cent., the cost of living since has gone
pp eighteen per cent., and that while
since 1900 wages have remained stationary,: the cost of food has advanced
ten per cent. Thus the workingman
has found himself face to face with
this tragic 'paradox: that while the
country seemed to be advancing, by
leaps and bounds to more gigantic
prosperity every year, his own lot has
remained pretty much the same, and
in some cases, perhaps, even worse.
'"• Exasperating Disillusion
. At the same time, there has come to
the workmen—especially among those
in the railway business—a'certain exasperating disillusion as the end of
high hopes. The settlement made by
the tact and energy of Mr, Lloyd
Beware, of
Sold on the
Merits of
I  Minard's
List of Locals District 18
nnnkhend  v. Whentley, nnnkhonil, Altn.
Iipavor Crook P. dnughton, Ilonver Crook, vin Plncher
TUMrmoro  N, ,T, Chnnc, TMnlrmnrc. Altn.
Ihirmls  .To«. BorbyBhlre. nurmls. Altn.
Cnrhondnlo J. II. Hyslop. Cnrbondnle, Colemnn, Alia.
Cardiff ,.,-... J. Poolo, Cnrdlfr, Attn.
nnnrnoro  n. d, Thnchuk, Cnnmore, Altn. "'
Corbln J. Twlgg,  Corbln, D. C.
Chinook Mines .... Wm. Forsyth, Diamond City, Alta.
Diamond City Chnrlca Orban, Diamond City, Lethbrldge.
Fornlo Thoa, Uphill, Kernle. II. C.
Krnnk. O. Nlcol, Frank, Alta.
.Hosmer W. nalderstono. Hosmer, B. C.
HUlcroat .1.0. Jonos, Hlilcrest. Alta.
Lethbrldge h. Moore, P. O. Ho* 113, Lethbrldge
l^hbridge Collieries Prink Itarlngham, m*., via.. Klpp, Alia,
Wllo W. I* Brans, Wile, frank, Alta
Matf e L*M M. (Jllday. Maple Uaf, ndlerae. All*.
Michel  M. n«rr*ll, Michel, I). C.
Monarch Mine.... Horace Woodleld, Taber, Alia.
Fassburc Wra. Cooke. Paaiborg, Alta.
Hoyal View ,..*,.. 'Iho*. H. VtsUr, Hoyat ColMer)**, lethbrldge, Altn
Taber William RbimII, Taber, JUta.
Tuber » A, Patterson, Tnber, Alta,
strike was averted, established Conciliation Boards, and seemed to give the
men a chance of having their ease
favorably heard. But there were some
necessary hiatuses in that settlement,
and one of these was that the Unions
were not recognized! That Is the essential and supreme point of conflict,
and, in my opinion, the men are entitled to insist on its being settled ln their
favor, and the railway dlerctors are exceedingly foolish to resist It. Por
what happens now Is this: thnt the
grievances of the men havo to bo Ret
forth by one of themselves spenltlng
before a tribunal consisting of his employers, and of men not only In a
stronger position than himself, but probably more expert In speech nnd readier in nrgument. The men, therefore,
insist that their caso shall ho put in
a different way—that Is to say, by ono
of their Union officials, who Is In tholr
employ and not In that of tho company.
Surely this Is a naturnl, a ronsonnblo
and necessary roquost.
In tho appeals to tho Board of Conciliation the men havo found themselves worsted. This lias brought nn
exasperating fooling of helplossnoira;
and helplessness pnrtly through tho
chains which they havo made for tliom
solves. This accounts for tho exasperation of tho railway mon nnd for
tholr breaking away from their old
ngroomont and from tholr oldlondors.
Indeed, ono of the best Indications of
tho severity of tho grlovnncoB Is tills
breaking nwny of the usually welhilrill-
od nnd woll-dlsclpllned ranks of (lie
unionists from tholr old loyal following
of tholr lenders, Tho veteran lomlors
experienced in many bit tor bntllOH nnd
tholr vnrylng fortnnos, havo boon a
restrnnllng forco, hut the young gonoru
t!on Ins refused lo ho held bnck, mid
tiiiif. It Is thnt wo bn''/ such vlolont
o'.touifils In so many dilfoient pnrld of
tlio country.
Other Onuses
AiiMhor factor in iho production .^f
theso {Imputes Ih tho brewing HlrowUh
these awful-conditions It was so well
calculated to produce?
These disturbances must be In some
measure ascribed to the violence of
the young bloods who havo been try
ing to lead the Tory party during the
last few months. Can anybody won
der if we have some violence in the
streets ' of great Industrial centres
wren we have hobligrnlsm oi the tifor
of the Houseof Cunmons, in tli9 very
heart and centre of the Mother of
Parliaments, the great national Court
of Appeal. Nor is this all. ' Apart
from the organized rowdyism which
interrupted Mr Asqulth, speeches were
made which were a deliberate incitement to* riot and even rebellion. Mr.
Winston Churchill had to rebuke Lord
Hugh Cecil for uttering Incitements tb
Belfast at a moment when the streets
of London were crowded with men on
strike, hungry and exasperated. And,
asked Mr. Churchill "would'not Lord
Hugh Cecil be the first to shout, if
these men resorted to revolt, that they
Bhould be shot down." And similarly,
when Mr. Austin Chamberlain tried
to shift the responsibility for theso disturbances on to the shoulders of the
Government, Mr. Lloyd Gairge asked
him if words appealing to violence had
not been used from' the bench, on
which he himself sat, and in his hear-
iiii: and without anv repudiation :;f
them by Mr. Chamberloin or any othe*
Tory leader.
Better Wages Wanted
However, these issues, though important are not the issues which demand" our chief attention at this mo
ment? ■ The working men. have- at
last risen in revolt against the refusal
to give them their' share of the abounding and growing prosperity of the country. In the course of this revolt some
regrettable .things have happened; but
I must say that the question remains
open in my mind how far the disturbance in some cases have been tlie
result of a series of unhappy accidents
or of the losing of their heads hy the
authorities. However, I don't want to
dwell on that point now; if is time
enough to raise these questions when,
by-and-bye the tragic transact ions of
the last week will have to bo tho-nugh-
ly investigation. Suffice it for the moment to say that nil humane progros
slve men have come to the conclusion
that tho time has not only como, Inn
in long overdue, for a general advance
of wages in tho Lnbor world; that this
advance of wages has been refused,
and is still in sonic cases refused;' and
that the struggle to obtain It by work-
Ing.men Is entitled to the sympathy
and tho support of all just men.
I hnvo not information up to the moment of writing of how tho fight Is
going. I must express tho sincere
hope that monns may bo found of"rc-
storing peace and of settling tho different points nt issue by peaceful arbitration or consultntlon. N'o man enn
look without npprohonslon to tho gl-
gnntlc loss nnd tho hopeless dislocation of all llfo In the country hy n dispute In (ho railway world, and thoro-
fore, I pray that the struggle mny not
come. If It does come, nnd If It.
eonioH from tho obstinate refusal of the
railway directors to recognize the Cn-
ions, I lion 7 think fow reasonable poc-
pie will have mill difficulty In t(nov.||it>,
whoro Iho responsibility Bhould, ho,—
d iho moro ndvnnco;! funnb of poll:!-
oil opinion nmong ilia v.oiklng clnmos.
1' U vein to deny ili;i*, {iocinlUm lias
The Hoy Seoulh n poneo organization? Yoh, Just ns Iho army Is ti pence
organization! No war Is taught Hum
Hoy Scouth. Toll it to tho mnrliuw! j
Look nt theso subjects inken from tln»i
Index to tho Scout Handbook, the of/i-;
mndo ninny converts during the Inst j rial Scout publication: \
doendo,     The Socialist lecturer  ran!    Subject Page I
now drnw to great hnlls vnRtnr Rntlior-' Uniforms         2H!
lugs on Sunday evenings than even tho' War Songs 	
moHt   popular preacher  In tho most, Monio Code    	
fnshlonflblo cnthcdrnl, nnd there   Is',Wlg-wng or Myor Code	
I ...Mi i,,u n ««(/ .• u-L*iiM«« iUi x i.iIja.    t.*v
:    Ul     I UV.lXiilH    ......
A AM to I)'" JjjJ'in'J
nhnre nf the wealth jirciflun-.l by Un'
community thnn many people linve yot' Arch
realized.    The old patient siilimhmlon; Tracking or Trailing  ,    \h
to poverty, to low wages,   to   lnng; HobIIIo Spy    ir>0
hours, and to tho want of m'oRl of Iho' The Man Hunt       u.i
,r„,.>„ „» irr„
cv'..'.. t:.-.
new generation is more stiff-necked. War Danre    ir.fij
thnn tho old. .      j Throwing the Amtogul      101 j
Plnwlly nn accidental now factor at | How to Tench fiinlklng     igg
thb present moment Is tho exrciilv**;Stop the Thief       jcr
heat of tho weather.    Everybody who j Smugglers Over tho Ilorder ....   ji;s
has had any work to do can lympnth- i Siberian Man Hunt      172
ize with tho fierce resentment of men.. Target  Shooting       tK2
who are engaged In dangerous   nnd-Long   nnnue.   Clout,   or   Flight
enclnlPy Irknome trade*. *nfl of lliolr!    Shoollnr    i&g
conditions of life. Who can think, In| Vory koonly thought out, Isn't It?
the midst of snth veather, of iheilok- Vory nlefly planntf to appeal to all
*r b*low the fumae* lu the big ihlp boy ln*Mnot» am! at tho same time to
or tho big locomotive on land, or the' fit htm for "more serious bnslnet*"
gatworka or the Ironwork*, wlthonl ailater on. How cunningly arranged to
(Mllng of fommlceratton?    Who can ln«lll n love of wnr and "obedience lo
wonder at the greater IrrllaMllty of
nerves and of temper which work In
fTOployora."    Get your thinking: rap
The Paper that gets there
Cf Advertising that advertises is the
sort desired by persons seeking
publicity for their wares.
<]f Selecting the medium is important—the publication that reaches
the people — the wage-earners—-
should appeal to the discriminate
purchaser of space. ' \
<f Its an easy matter to acquire
space in a paper Jb'u't its another
point to get adequate returns from
the outlay.
are the ads that change often and
make interesting reading from time c
to time, giving facts and .figures.
C]f Any arrangement of type matter
. and words in a paper is not aclyer-
„ tising. A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of information that will, .not be easily passed „
undiscovered. Discover your business with'tho use of Pi-inters Ink.
<J Get acquainted with your customers, meet them wcekiy through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
Cf -Let the new coiners know who
you are and advertise your business.
<|f The District Lodger has the
largest circulalion in the Pass and
should be yonr special medium to
tell your weekly story. Just try-
can't toll until you try.
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger ■*-,«*:-■
• »'
15 Cpow's Nest
Trading Company,." Ltd,
The Store of Good Values
Staon Shoe Blackin, 3 tins for  25c.
Combination Blacking, 2 for .'.. ' 35c.
Lowney's Chocolate Creams, regular 50c.
per lbj, special '."• 30c.
Concord Sardines, 2 tins for   25c.
Imported Kippered Herrings, 2 tins for.-... 35c.
Imported Herrings in Tomato Souco/^ tins
for    35c.
Cream of Wheat Breakfast food, 2 pkts. for 35c.
Quaker Oats, 2 lb. pkts., 2 for  25c.
Fry's Breakfast Cocoa, % lb. tins   25c.
Barrington Hall Coffee, per lb ... 45c.
Canada First Cream, 20 oz. tins, 3 tins for 25c.
2 oz. Flavoring Essences    '.... 15c.
4 oz. Flavoring Essences  : 25c.
1 lb. Jars Preserved Ginger   , 25c.
Hartley's 1 lb. crocks Jam ;  20c.
, C. & B. 1 lb. jars Marmalade ;  20c.
. 3 lb. Bags Table Salt, 4 for  25c.
Colgate's Toilet Soap, per box   30c.
Colgate's Talcum Powder, per tin   ' 20c.
Colgate's Dental Cream  15c.
2 lb. Tins Table Syrup, .'. 10c.
3 lb. pkt. Washing Powder  '.   20c.
Here and There
See "Human Hearts"
tonight (Friday).'
at' the Granr;
J. T. Giddlngs was up from Hlilcrest
over Sunday with his family here.
-, A. B. Campbell, druggist, of Hosmer,
was in town Wednesday. ■< ,:■•
■ Mrs..Leslie Bruce will be at home.on
Friday afternoon; Sept 29th.    .    ...i •"
. Get -your seats book early for the
Grand to-night .(Friday) and tomorrow
- John Oliver, of the Home Bank staff,
has gone to Vancouver on a two weeks
Bert White, well-known hockeyist,
now of Gateway, was in town o'n.,Tues-
day. • ,    ■
George Luxton, who has been visiting relatives in the east for some time,
Is back to town again.
It is not_7too late for you to secure some
of the wonderful bargains from the.W. R.
McDougall Shoe Stock. This stock having
been purchasedrby us at the,rate of sixty
cents on the dollar enables us to shoe Men,
Women and Children at practically factory
Owing to extensive repairs in the
Fernie Opera Houso the management
are running nightly pictures at the
Leslie Mills and Sam Walters got
back last Monday from their banting
t'ip with a nice bag of game, consist
Ing of two bears, 1 deer, 15 ducks, a
jack rabbit, several large gophers and
2 chipmunks.   Not too bad, eh—what?
The Isis Theatre promises "something, worth while to their patrons
very soon.     Watch for it. <
■ Mrs. H. Marshall, who' has been seriously ill in'the Fernie Hospital, is
slowly recovering.  7
.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦"♦ -*••»•+
♦ -     ♦
♦n,   Aile     steenkool      mijners
♦ worden verzocht weg te bllj-
♦ ven van Alberta en Eastern
♦ British    Columbia,   daar   de.
♦ werkstaking  mog  nlet  is op
-♦■   geheven.
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦. ♦♦^.
Mr and Mrs. Carlisle arrived home
again' after a three months' visit to
relatives In Ireland and Scotland.
The funeral of Levi George, killed
on the Government Road, last week,
took place on Sunday from the undertaking parlors of Thompson and Mor-
riBon. -
The members of Esther Lodge of Re-
bekahs will attend the evening service at the Methodist Church on Sunday, the 24th, when services appropriate to the occasion will be rendered.
We are pleased to announce that
Jack Hutton, of New Michel, who wns
gnen up for lost, was found last Sn'-
urday, and although in'avery weakened condition, is now rapldiy recovering.
Several complaints have been heard
about the light at the top of the hill
going down to West Fernie not being
lit these dark nights.. One lady, we
understand,, had'quite a severe fall.
Had the light been on this would not
have happened.
Last Monday evening the Young
People's' Society of Christian Endeavor, of the Baptist Church, gathered
for reorganization purposes and lay
plans for the coming winter's work,
The gathering was in the nature of a
social affair, coupled with a pleasing
programme of-, vocal and instrumental
music, as well as the reading of papers and delivering of addresses on the
forthcoming work. One..feature was
the presentation to Miss Dorie Morris,
an ardent worker in the church, on the
eve of-her departure to Nelson, with
a handsome, hand bag, as a token of
appreciation of her unselfish efforts.
The presentation ■ was made by Mrs.
Thomson in a few „well chosen remarks. The recipient was' noticeably
manner. . Refreshments were served
during the evening. The gathering
broke up at 10.15.-     - '
A Clothing Question and
Its Far Reaching Answer
What  is  th«  difference  between  custom   tailoring and  Fit-Reform  garments ?
Nothing but imagination and a higher cost.
Custom tailoring has not advanced a step in a generation.   Ask your father—or
look nt some ot his old clothes.
Fit-Reform Suits nnd Overcoats do not leave a single advantage with the custom tailor.
Only—-the designing, cutting and tailoring of one suit ut a time, costs practically
twice as much and adds nothing to the suit.
If you have been paying $$$ or $40 to a tailor, we can put you in a Fit-Reform Suit
at $25 or £30 that will
be 11 revelation of the
perfection   of   Fit-
Reform methods.
it's all ni'lit to stick
to an old superstition
when money comes
freely. Hut a m:m
should investigate the
r.ais •when iie ins no
money to waste.
Prof.   2accaro,   conductor   of   the
Fernie Town Band, has,been selected
as  judge  of  the  band  competition
which forms one of the features of
the Nelson Fair, Sept. 26, 27, and, 28th.
John P. Lowe left on the Eastbound
Flyer this (Friday) morning for, Winnipeg, where he expectB to meet Mrs.
Lowe and the family and bring them
home to Fernie.
D. Mc Vlckers ls holding down the
office at the Dominion Express Office
in the meantime.  '
"There may be some undiscoverable
reason why the Fernie Ledger looks
towards the Liberal party for assistance in its fight .for the miners of
the Crow's Nest Pass. The Lemieux
Bill, the broken pledge re the eight
hour law, and the abrogation of the
Allen Immigration Act ought to be sufficient proof,of how the Laurier Government has played against the wage
earners of Canada."—Cranbrook Prospector.   •     y   >
(Ed.—Quite right, Mr. Cranbrook
Prospector; there is most assuredly an
"undiscoverable reason" why we 'look
towards the Liberal Party for assos-
tance,' and that is because we DON'T!
Neither do we look to the Conservative Party for assistance, realizing that
if the members of the- working class
own interest's that, they,will have to
send representatives of working class
interests to tho .parliamentary assemblies and that' the twaddle that has
been poured into the, ears of the electorate during the* campaign will not
solve the, REAL pP'ROBLEM, becauso
this is likewise "undiscoverable" - by
the adoption of ajvy, so-called remedies
that either of the, twp old parties can
offer no matter how plausibly presented, When the .Conservatives tell us
that the Liberals,'are a bad lot and
play against the working .'class-rwo believe them. ,' When ,'the Liberals tell
us thnt the Conservative is no friend
of the workers—we" believe them to be
telling the truth,)
*   (Continued from page 5)
\-'■■■■•■ '■■':• 7yi7;-yy'.
wages of $4.00 per day, 250 days a
year, cannot give a passing education,
less enjoy a few of tlie good things in
life If the standard of living and
education is to be maintained in our
Western Provinces no such reductions
as these can be accepted by the coal
miner, who gives all civilization first
pul toward comfort and well-being by
producing that necessity which keeps
our homes warm and cheerful.—F. C.
Gessler,, In The Phoenix Pioneer,
Pheontx, B.C., Sept. 14th, 1911.
Richard Brooks and Ella Lushman,
both of Fernie, were married Saturday
last at the Methodist Parsonage, the
Rev. J. F. Dlmmlck officiating.
We've got his vote, Oh, ain't that fine!
He'll vote for the Pact, so sublime;
But if you've got his vote what beats
me ,'
Is Why you elect Goodeve by a big
majority! ,
—The Oil Rag.
Ed. Fulcher, well-known In labor circles connected with tho Trades nnd
Labor Council of Brandon, Manitoba,
with which ho has been very closely
nssocintcd for some tlmo past in his
capacity- of presiding officer, but
whoso imputation has bocomo moro
widely known recently ns tho candidate of tho Socialist Party of Canada
In tho adjoining constituency of Macieod In tho Provlnco of Alberta, will
spenk In Fornlo, Sunday noxt In the
bosomont of tho Minors' Hall, tho
mooting to commonco at 7.45 p.m.
As tho quostlon thnt has been agitating tho public mind for somo tlmo will
havo boon decided, and yet thoro may
bo many anxious to obtain furthev ea>
llghtonmont upon subjects that have
boon briefly touched upon during the
campaign Just concluded, cvorybody,
regardless of political or any other
color, Is cordially Invited to nltond,
nnd Is assured of holm; grunted (lie
fullest opportunity to put questions
or lo ontor ln.to a discussion upon tho
HEAL I88TJI3 of tho day nnd how It
shall ho solved.
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
TIiIh Ki-ciit phiy will ho nn nt. tho
Ornnd tomorrow evening (Saturday),
for ono nlnht only, with Mr. David
llraUslroni In Iho tltlo role. In ovory
community somo one linB Boon this
Swedish comedy drama, nnd thoy can
loll tholr frlonds all about It.     Ah
thmii»h "Vrm Vnnnrm" hrin n«vnv v\t>{t.
od this rltv before, tho piny Is not
Has it ever struck you, citizen, what
an awful struggle it is for most of us
to live In these days?    .
Do you things are as they should
This country is the wealthiest the
world has seen, we are told. And yet
thousands of us who are only too willing to engage in honest and useful
work think ourselves lucky enough if
we manage to get just enough to keep
us in food, clothing and shelter. Thousands of others, more unfortunate than
even we are, exist in a' state of semi-
starvation and absolute poverty.
—Yes j-you-agree^-'-'things" arerindeed,'
rotten!"' ' ■    ■    ;
But—and • think over this well—although "things are rotten" there is
plenty for all. ; . ■
There is plenty for every man; woman'and child in this land.
'Folks in- olden times often went
short of food because there was an
actual stoppage In supply—because,
famines prevailed in their midst.
In this twentieth' century, however,
food, clothing and shelter can be ob-
lined on all sides—If we can pay for
them! All theso good things which
havo been produced by our class—tho
working class—are plentiful everywhere,
So it must be plriln to you that a
grnvo and far-reaching injustice exists
In this country.
Have you ever thought about It?
There ls any amount of wealth in tho
land.     Wo workers—the bees of Industry—produced this wealth.     Yet, j
strange to say, It Is our class vhoj
suffer from tho want of the very thing
our labor lms created.
Why Is this? Think, friends! Do
you not soo what is wrong? Do you j
not soo that while wo produce the!
good things of Ilfo tho rich class own j
and control them in' tholr private In-1
toresls, and thus tako from us tho
wealth wo oursolvos need?
In somo ways wo aro worse off than
tho slavosof years ago. Thoy, at
any rate, though often ill treated and
overcrowded, had enough food, clothing and sholtor to Icoop thorn in a
condition fit for employment. Be-
cnuso, If a slavo was unfit for work,
or died from any cauoo, tho slave-
mnRtor would havo to buy anothor
slavo to roplaco him. Wo workora
lodny aro not BlnvoB, Wo aro froo
mon. Whon wo nro fortunoto enough to find employers wo got In return for tho wonlth our lnbor oroatoa
Just about enough food, clothing nnd
hoiiBo-room (our "wngoB") to ltoop its
going whllo tho work lasls. Whon
wo havo worked hnrd and havo produced nn much wonlth (clothing, food,
hoiiRflB, otc.) aB our maulers enn .for
tho tlmo holng conveniently dlnposo of
nt a "profit" to themselves—woll, what
iinpnons thon?
Wo aro thrown out of work, our
wugos stop, nnd wo nro hnrd put to
It to obtain enough ot tho things wo
ourselves bni/o rtwnted In Wn Vrndv
and flonl together.    And If wo do hap.
■< •
Cravenette Coats—Very-suitable for early -wear,
as well as being a perfectly reliable Raincoat;" 7
good range of colors; prices from $8.75 to $18.75.
Styles Loose
Or Semi-fitting, many being equipped with the
"Presto," the most practical of collars.
Rubberized Rain Coats—In plain ' cloth   effects,
t i
shadow stripes, shepherd's checks, and in, plain
and moried silks.
Special—"Women's Rubberized. Long Capes.—Regular prices $15.00_and $18.75.   Sale Price $9.75.
Silk Moire Coats—Regular $20.00 value; Sale Price
$14.50        .
Twill Silk Coats.-
-Regular $18.50 value; Sale Price
Some Extra, Special Values in Women's and Children's Cloth Coats—Both in Tweeds and ^ plain
.,  colors.        •  ' - '      0 , ,
unfamiliar to our nltlzons.     It ha»|P«n t0 hoar of  nnothor Job  going,
JKNA, Bept, 11.—At to-dny's mert.
lng of tho Congress of Social JX'mo-
end a resolution wns submitted protesting against "any attempt to pro-
voUo mnn-niurdorlng war nmong such
civilised nations aa Franco, Ennland,
and Germany, which would Inevitably
bocomo worldwide and ond in a universal catastrophe."
The resolution ascribed tho efforts
to stir up strife to the efforts of
rnjnnlnl pfr.ileg nnd mnlrers of u*nr
material!*, nnd concluded tho resolution by naylnjj:
"This congress expects Hint tho Gorman workers wl\l uso every moans nt
tholr command lo prevont war nnd
demands that tho Reichstag will bo
convened Immediately ao that tho
w»prAW)tnffiv><i| op fh# jy>opF#» will bo
given an opportunity of declaring their
In tho course of tho debate on the
resolution, Ilnrry Quolcb, dolegato
from (Irent Ilrltnln, doclnrod that hla
own wintry wns slmplly a plrato now- \0KMs aM\ .otiH-dy, Unit tlio pooplo tiro
played nil the largo cities on tho coast
anniinliy for tho last twolvo yonra;
it Ib one of I hone attractions thnt enn
nlwnvs draw n crowd to the theatre,
and neinl them away knowing that
they will ho seen In tholr usual Boots
tho nr-xt. tlmo "Yon Yonson" coiihjb
Tho piny Is such a gom aa a comody
dramn, hnth in notion, aontimont, din-
cr bent upon conquest for tho bono
fit of the plutocratic clauses.
Ho insured tho delegates to tho
congroHS thnt tho English Socialists
woro moro unitedly In favor of dla-
armament, nnd would leave no atone
unturned to prevent a war.
Thfft l.t U10 first apd<2arauco of
Quolch in Germany since tho Gorman
pollco In 1007 roqu«atod him to loivvo
tho country.
lontho to over tiro of aoolng it. Mr.
DikVhl Hrniisirnm will piny tho part
of 'Yon Yonson," and la a dialect
nctor of owh ability that he alanda
boforo tho public today na tho greatest
living oxponwt of tho Bwodlah character, nnd hla "Yon Yonaon" la a mas-
torptcu> ut tlmmuton acting.
Tho supporting company It an .exceptionally good ono. The thantra
U suro to fc* crowded tomorrow night.
hundreds of ub nro forced by tho foar
of starvation to struggle with oaoh
other ln tho hopo of catching tho oyo
of tho employor
Hut wo are not, slaves, ivo nro free
men I Porhaps you do not considor
yourself a common workman. You nro
n small ahopkeopor. You spend long
hours In your huslncBB on tho look-out
for customers who nro often fow and
far between. Tho sUukkIu to inaVo
ends moot, to pay your Inndlord nnd
tho wholesale merchants, iti a constant
and over-Increasing source of trouble.
And yon havo always before you the
keen growing competition of tlio largo
company ahopn, which threaten to ruin
you by undercutting, and thus drive
>ou, into Uu> awalUuK vauk* ot the unemployed worker*. CItlton, whether
you be workman or shopkeeper, we aak
you   to   consider   tbe   question   of
Grand Theatre
1 Night Only
Tho famous Swecdish Comedian
and his Exceptional'-Coinany in tho funniest of all
Sweodisli Dialect Comedies
10 People.  Special Scenery.  Catchy Songs.
Prioos $1.00, 7»c, 50c.   Children 25c,
SOCIALISM. Liberals and Tories
imiy tnlk loudly of tho "honours of
competition." But you know only too
woll that competition is making your
llfo hard today, Why Ib It both Liberal nnd Tory parties Biipport ii syn-
torn which Is n curso to tho working
pooplo? Simply nnd solely because It
allows tho rich folk who control (Iioho
parties to live In on ho nnd luxury nt
our expound Wo nlwayB shnll be
poor while thoso people aro allowed to
tako from ub In "profit," "IntoroBt,"
"dividend" and "ront" tho greater part
ot tlio wealth wo produco. . Socialists
contond that tho working pooplo hnvo
n right to all tholr labor cronton. 8c-
cinlliim moiiiiB that limtcad ot our produco being tnkon from ub by capitalists
mid landlords wo should join together
Ub   U   llitUUfi   0>   cUUHItililil),   <uui   imtq
wWvrullviiy own, rojilrol and enjoy
everything nercBHory to our life. Wo
should then bo our own mastora nnd
produro wonlth for our own use, nnd
not for the profit, of othorn.
Vm tihouhl lhirfi wits, uwatifcf \m
tho common good of each nnd nil. How
In thin to bo brought nbout? It enn
only bo brought nbout by ourselves—
by tho working people. Citizen, nltond our Socialist meetings and read
our !lf*rnMire. Voto nt eloctfon times
for thoso who stnnd for Socialism.
DuwplUi ull lUuIr fine talk, Liberals
and Tories, Free Tradora and Tariff
nefonnera, Progressives and Moder-
ntca nro really only concerned with
tho intereata of the rich class and with
keeping us in our present position.
ItcfUsM la nunnorji any.of thorn.' And
beat of all, Join our movement and help
to ipread the good newa of the belter
timet to como—W. O. Veali, in Juitloe.
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Hones for 8ale.
Duyi Horses on Commlslon
George Barton    Phono 78
Here it is, Waiting for U
iMWHtlStlSVATlVtl \>uii(ci< ut onco
to),' work in your locality Will guarantee J2.00 to J3.00 per day. Opportunity to advance rapidly, Will pity
Ubornlly for apuro lino. Work no dlf-
ncnin,. tairtuibnce not wpuron. international Dlblo Press, Toronto, Ont.
lengths, {2X0 por team lond nt Krtn
nody and Mangnna; or call 'phono 23.
TO IIBNT—Two rooms aultnbl* for
mnn and wife,  Apply, Job. tair.nni
I -l.n
TO JlENT-rTwo roomed- pla»tere4
Houso Apply. Ilobt. Wright, West
Pernio, ..3—dtp
POR fMLT7-CFIM7»-A. Tr/iby Carriage In first clan condition, complete-
with runners. Apply Mrs. V, A. niches,
corner of Dalton, Jaffray J—tf
- nl


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