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The District Ledger Feb 3, 1912

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Political Unity is Victory.
$1.00 A  YEAR.
In the Alberta House on
Bellevue Disaster
D** ■*
y^     EDMONTON, Jan. 30.-O'Brien,;the
s " Socialist member.,for* Rocky   Moun-
, . y,      tain, has-24' questions on the order
,   7      paper for"Thursday next.   All relate
7. ., either to mines In the provlnco, and
_"*'. the .accident in ,"the. Bellevue .district
y 7~4°t lMt> ye»r/in, particular, or to tno
y   'y.l proposed.commission' into the -work-
. j-y .   inga of thefcoal mines-act.   '- *
, y.'/* -. * Ho mill "ask. whether .Elijah! Heath-
•"',-; .*. "cote is still in tho government employ-
y 7   . <as mln^e inspector, going on to enquire
i7 "   -j whether", the administration has any
'S7e*.y. recommendations ' from  the secretary
*>' >''> :A"'.of BelleTuo Local of the TJ.M^W. of A.
7-* 'n- ■ "'*■ wilativ«, to the "dangerous condition of
•'^ "the.'mines.'"*.-  .,■. •   "•   7,   """-   '
^ .,<, - *..Also for all reports upon tho-explo-
.:'  7 N. sionV of October- 31 and December*9,
..""'. "7* - 19101,"and.,their, cause, was thereNahy
- l77*'v violation v"of- the mines, act,;if so has'
* -'-',  ,-;tt31o government prosecuted-anyone. He
'/. ; 7 *, - "will* demand any reports, which .may
7    » , \ have' been- received-bearing-upori1*the
*.'■.■. 7-' inquest upon the victims^ after'a series
■* ,.. ..-     of questions regarding the employment
';,'?"* i"7 ofr'a solicitor in.connection with" the
■7.*;     -inquest.   '. O'Brien .will inquire .whether
■;    -.-V in1 the estimation'of the government
yy ',   -. Elijah' Heathcote,' General; Manager
'' '. ; > '.Coulthard,*iManager/Powell, Pit-Boss
■•'    .''-Anderson, or anyone of-them, are ex-
',>:*   *iy,cused,,ffbm7llabllity.  ,'Are, Heathcote/
'.;'' .*' ,,  '; Pbwelland Anderson still holding' cer-
7 7 y"tlflcates issued by" the"government'is
CO'-.7,the next question'on the list,
yky '■-''/„-■ The government wlll*be"asked;whet"h^
7;->/ - l7'*-er any.'report has0been" received'from
'"   /r   ' Joseph/S.>Ig»d8on,'"appointed by'th*
.- '$1.50 PER DAY 0> TEN"!iNpUR8
' fLETHBRIDGB,' Ai{a\^Jan.',:31^The
City Council awarde'd-the'contract for
the new Sewage Disposal Plant to the
'firm of Hotson, Header and Good, who'
sublet the digging to a contractor (not
a" resident of the city) by the name
of Whitney. "Whitney.advertiseibfor
men through an employment,agency;
no rato was stated, and,when the men
went to the place to work they were
told the pay was $1.50 per day of 10
hours. Tho contractor, stated this, was
all he could afford to pay at. tho
present time owing to adverse conditions, and that he had only started the
work to give work to some of the im-
employed. Tho mayor of this city
states, he can do nothing regarding
this as the contract was let previous
to him taking office.. This is a fine
living wage In a city whero board and
room costs from J6 up per week.
coai; opera tomss
' :-   :-V.;':.' -',-———-7 • v' '.     -   "
Demand Lower Wage and Longer
'•"""'        '       ...*''.      - ">     ■ ■' x ,* - -
j     Hou^S'-Strtke Threatens
>;S':*,<"<: wl10 caused the death of 31 nie'n hi the
^•■Sy[ 7Bcneyue"explosioi.,"'-',7 ;- "J"' ! 77 '-
•C:<}7 - betailfl-as to" the constitution .of the
-rX\-','J3b'/-PropoBed.. commission^ will '.be :soughtV
: -^-^^^jnw^DUishten'^ vas- to/\fie^n"umber!, of
i commlBBioners'-:-- and ♦'tho -. intentions of
-the government in regard to' legal re-
^^./.presentation before'it* ' He wishes to^
'. '7 lmow, whether-the' miners themselves'
.;'-,• may be'directly,represented liefore the"
,"*   commission^ .'    •'-.-■   •
/,.- By William Daly'Jr.
/There is'abroad a nice comforting
philosophy .which seeks 7tq justify poverty. The reasoning runs something'
like, this:"    •,.■"'■■,•        * ,
Poverty, is necessary. !_ It kills off
the-weak and "the unfit,-and'thus en-,
ables this world's goods to go'around
—tb the competent.-. , -    j,"*.,
' Poverty is Inevitable'' ,Oniy the, fittest can survive.*._ This1* is a "natural
law,"-and therefore futile to combat." '
s So what's /the -use of • reforming
things?' You ..c'an'tr anyway;' and it
wouldn't be good if you could.
But isn't this begging'tho question?
You can't prove that the world isn't big
enough for all men.to live in comfortably. Man's'capacity for producing
is great enough; It's his system of distribution that is bad. * 7 w
'■ .VVl'hon the "child Uaborer' emerges
from the mill.and>begins an uninterrupted marfh^ from bum to criminal,
'ihall we say,In our arrogance'that he
isvweak, that'-lie-hashad a chance to
be strong? ^"'*"'/7'~ "■' ""? X!'~ /- -t
"■-.When a• man,--underfed ■ and 'unedu-
catied.; remalns*laL7jSandU_am[is«7lifeF
shall, we "call" him' incompetent? --
-Andrflnally, shall.t-ho'se who are on
top, whether through the' efforts of
their' grandfathers or,-,themselves,,-be
permitted to'make their succosb ah excuse' for the-oppression'of others.'
COAL;MINERS ARE ,      ,',    -   , ;  I
"     '       '    ■   SHORTAGE OF CARS,
Were the matter not of such serious
Import the coal operators plea of "poverty .would be treated as a huge joke.
Tho .-convention of the t/. M. W, of
** -i       \       "» - '
A. In Indianapolis had Wore It during
the, week the operators'. demands,
and * as no" agreement ' .could
possibly, be arrived at between
the menand the operators,- as the de
mands ot the latter were out of proportion to all reason, the matter was
left to a joint Interstate conference
which is now being held. Below is
appended,, side by side, Ihe demands
of tbe men andithe operators, and it
can safely be left to our readers
whether he be a coal digger, - of,- ,a
plute, to judge 'which party has right
on its-Bide.     They are: *
Police and Militia Use Clubs Freely
Farm Peftypiece, Grabbed
.*., *-.   ,  ./THE MINERS
7-     Sniggle for Necessities    -, "PIty4he Poor."
-  Whereas, the ever increasing and al- .
ready too high cost of living without ' Whereas, the ever-increasing and al-
a corresponding Increase in the wages -reajy too-high cost of, producing coal
of our members is maklngit not only   , -.. -
impossible for our people to keep pace "without a corresponding Increase in
with, the improvements in their;Stan.r^roflta toou; members*is making it
dard of living that modern civilization . ,,..'**
makes necessary, and which they not only impossible for our, people^ to
should'have, but is making incerasing- keep'pace with''the improvements in
ly hard and bitter the struggle to get .," ■ -;< ■   .
even the barest necessities of life;  other.*.. Industries, but - is making in-
an£ ■•"■-.     "_    .-*    „      7. creasingly'hard and bitter the struggle
Whereas, The invention of labor sav-    ;.'-.;-
ing'machinery; the introduction of oil to'eet even,the;barest profits, and in
and gas-as fuel; the utilization of eleo many "cases "ghows "an actual loss'in
tricity generated by our waterways, *
and - the - prospective development of
more and" more" of it; as well as the
greater efficiency of the modern * organization and more highly skilled labor, are making" unnecessary the long
hours of labor on the part of the workers,*'and the especially dangerous nature, of our calling, away- from the
light.of day,-,,isolated from^'all other"
human beings, surrounded by unknown
operation. \-\   J * (,
..Whereas the-'invention of labor-aav-
the machinery,.the introduction of oil
and gas as fuel, the utilization of electricity generated by our waterways
and the progressive development ot
more-.and more of it, as well as. the
and, unknowable/dangers, our, health ■- greater efficiency of the miners' or-
affected* and our, lives shortened by , -   .
being compelled-to inhale continually . ganizatlon and the making ofunneces-
the deadly.damp, poisonous gases and
equally enervating and lung, befouling
millions of particles" of the always present dust and smoke, ,we believe fhat
we, are ' ntitled'fto. a" substantial increase in our wages, and that our work
day/should-be minimized.       ■■   ,
sary demands"bn'the part of the workers and the especially dangerous and'
hazardous-nature of our business en-
title us/to: a' substantial decrease in
"our wage'" "scale and _that^-0ur7dean^
VANCOUVER, B. C., Jan. SlI—The
dissatisfaction prevailing in the ranks
of the unemployed here reached, its
climax Sunday when there was a
pitched battle between the police and
those out of work, as a result „of
which 24 men are now nursing bruised
heads ln the police station. Two, .It
was unofficially stated, were victims
of fractured skulls. - *      "
,' Throughout the past week the unemployed, strengthened by idle men
from other ..western cities, have had
demonstrations and* on Sunday the"1
police thought lt'timeto call a halt,
and immediately set out to break up a"
meeting,on Powell street.* They were
offered strenuous opposition. Amongst
those arrested was R. P. Pettiplece. '
The, mounted police were then called and after the riot had been quelled
they'arrested 16., Eight more.,were
arrested in front of the city hall,'to
which the, unemployed went • after
evacuating the Powell street grounds.
' On Monday morning'the attorney for
the defense of the men made application for bail, but the magistrate, who
does hot know''what' it is to look, for
work and not get it, made it at $500
and consequently all the persecuted
are still in Jail, except Pettlpiece, who
was bailed out by two friends.
' Yesterday another , attempt was
made at free speech, but the copitalist
Mayor Findlay had a squad of foot
and mounted police in readiness, and
no chance was glvon the would-be
speakers. Four mon were arrested,
one for creating a disturbance and the
other three as. vagrants, tho latter
three being sentenced to three months
'-Nearly all the men who wore arrested
at] Powell Street grounds on Sunday
are now out on ball, but there nre several who could not find any monied
friends and they are still in jail. A
peculiar- feature of the affair is that
the bail money of those who did, gt>*:
put was furnished by some of the prominent Hindus of the city.
Would Fili Jails then Talk at Will
Leaders of the Independent Workers
of the World have arrived hero from
Spokane, and declare they will use the
tactics so - successful there and at
Aberdeen and Fresco to obtain free
speech. They threaten" to import
over a thousand of their followers here
and fill'the jails so full that it will be
Impossible to arrest any more. , *
',. VANCOUVER, Feb. 1.—R. P. Petti-
piece has been committed for trial at
a higher.court. ,    y
• y (Special to the/District Ledger)
"'.EDMONTON,' Feb.*- ].—In reply, tp
■a series of questions arked.by O'Brien
in the legislature today it .was brought
out that Elijah Heathcote.was appoint-
. edj' inspoctorof mines for the Crow's
Noet Pass District on April 1st, 1900,
He., resigned on-November 30, ,1903, to-
art'opt' a position; as superintendent
for the Crow's Nost Pass Coal Co, at
Conl Creek; B.C., and was appointed
'■District' Suporlntondont of Minos'for
the^Crow's NoBt Pass District on Mar.
21st, 1910, and that ho is District In-
spectbr'-of Mines, at tho prosont tlmo.
Regarding "the "Qollovuo Mlnos; the
'reply was that tho company wafl notl-
flod that a good Bwcoplng von'tllatlng
currant ot nlr bo kept passing constantly through"'that portion "of mlno;
also' that plllnrs wore to he' oxtraoted
.so ub to prevent gas nccumualtlng. -
' On Doo. 7, 1010, tho govornmont1 re-
colvod the following roport:   "That-1
have oxamlnod the No. 1 ($oam and
found tho timbering, ventilation und
. general,condition to bo good,   Did not
find nny'gftB prcsent.'~^(Slgnod) Elijah
Further questions brought forth
that thoro woro no violations of tho
Conl Mines Act; that a solicitor.had
boon employed with tho objoct of as-
slstlng In tho Investigations with Instructions to roport If nny criminal
liability hnd boon brought to tho attention of tho govornmont. Asked
whothor n<mtheo'o, Powoll nnd Anderson still hold certificates issued hy
tha government, It was stated that no
'** certificates aro Issued by tlio govern-
' mont to an Inspctor; that Powell holds
a certificate aa manager, and Anderson aa pit bons,
It wpb also .stated that mlno fescue
stations nro bolng established, and
that tho officials of tbo U..;M, W. of
- A. havo been- consiiItM nn 'to iht>
moBt siilfabla location;" that a com-
mission consisting of throe men,
thoroughly , acquainted with mining
conditions of Alborta and conversant
with tlio Coal Mines Act1 will bo appointed at whloh the mineworker** will
bo represent,
•*     -*■    . Demand-Presentecl     ..      ^work-Cscate shall be minimized.'
, Therefore, we, your committee, after       ■-*■.  --v..---..      .        ..
Wfully considering a'l of.the rt'solu-,opfra}ors there^re <*emand:   *
tions submittedto us, and thoroughly^' ;i.\ That-all coal be paid for on the
discussing   and' weighing    carefully -.-     "."*-.;■        '.    ,  -,,. •
.'every phase of.the entire situation, l«mp,or mlpe run basis at the option
submit, to , the' convention as a sub- of the; operator,
stitute for'all"matters, referred to us,'    ■ „  .'*' „.. %,:  . .     '        .*-   .. ~    .
tho*-foNowirig..d«niamle,\.which-we,.-fret*-/.i'^;?v^at.,y«vd«mand,a "all^,
lieve should be adopted™by the conven-* cents per-ton decrease and that"dead"'
j-,The inability of the C.P-R. to supply
cars for the coal mlnoB of the Crow-B
Nest Pass is having a bad effect on
business in that section of Alberta' and'
British Columbia, and in consequence
many of the mines are not working at
anything llko their full capacity, according to Robort Coulthard of the
Canada West Collieries of Blairmore
an* Bellevue./ ; ■ ,,'     ' '■"■'
. ' "Business ' ls cfull' all through , tho
Pass,"* said Mr.' Coulthard, "and tho,
mlnos aro unnblo to getnearly enough
cars. 'Big supplies of coal aro on hand
but thoy cannot bo "shipped, and for
tho tlmo''being nt least, tho mines are
compelled to curtail tholr output."
Cpmmerclal men who . havo boon
through tho Pobb have tho snmo complaint to make, stating that' tho short-
rtge is effecting business of nil kinds
nnd thnt orders'throughout the' Pass
havo fallen oft considerably In tho
past few months.
tlon and submitted to the* operators
to be Incorporated into our new wage
Bcale: -  .,
1. That all coal he'weighod before
being screened,-and paid for on the
mine run basis, and that the readjustment of the prices be made on thn ,'8hall b decroa3»d ln proportion,
basis of the .actual.percen/.age of au"u\.imy**-lvaar* ,u '"'•1'''""""
Bcreenlnga as  compared  with  lump.-    5.   A proper readjustment of the
work shall' be paid for at a corresponding decrease.     *.'
'' '4^/,The' workday and wage scale for
all classes of outside and-inside labor
* The British . Columbia Provincial
Federation,of Labor is organized for
the purpose of voicing the needs and
aspirations of ^labor, legislatively and
otherwise; - and to provide a place^for
worthy members.of its affiliated un-bert F. Pi-toe,    a._vnnnt>
' "       "" 1
Skull Crushes When Truck on  Railway Gets Beyond-Control.,
EDMONTONyAlta.,   Feb/ 1.—Her-
-machine differential' at   the   basing
-2,   That we demand a flat 10 cents
a, ton Increase at tho basing points,    'points ln Illinois and-Indlann, so that
dead ^^.^S"SSifn!!r,,1',tt 8h^ b<s tlie °™ ft» OWo and west"
* 4.   Uniform workday and wage scale em Pennsylvania. j>
d°siSbS""0B 0f'OU-8,dO and ,n8,d°    ;'««, That a uniform  day  of nine
D.   A proper readjustment of- the hours at tho working place for nil
machine differential   at   UM basing
(Special to the District Ledger)
' WORCESTER, Muss, Fob 1, 8.35 p,m
—"MrB Catherine Robjphaud, of. Fornio,
B, C„ who haB booh touring the cost,
nnd 1ms recently boon tho giU'st of
Mr nnd Mrs, Wm. Duron, at 20
Church fitroot, Worcostor, wns seized
Hiiddonly Sundny and rimbed (o Memorial Hospital. Bho hns double pnou-
monla nnd wns tonight reported In a
critical condition, A consultation of
doctors was held boforo sho wns sent
to hospital. " Beforo coming hero she
had boon visiting hor son, Mnrtln, nt
points ln Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and
western* Pennsylvania.
> -6, ■■ That a uniform day. of sovon
Ito'ii- at ,tho working place for all'
classes of Insldo labor bo made tho
basis of tho abovo scale, based on
present prices.
7. Thnt .five hours constitute a
day's work on Saturday.
8 Wo* demand weekly payments.
The coal companies shnll not bo per-
mlted to havo moro than two wooks'
wages hold In tholr offlcoH at any one
, 9. Wodomnnd thnt thero shall bo
no limit to tho amount of'deductions
mndo through tho companies' offi&-*H
for tho minors' organization,
10. Wo demand that thoro shall bo
no discrimination by tho conl coinimn-
fos In tho employment of mine workcis
account of crood, color or^natlonnllty.
11. Wo dnmnnd thnt nil local In-
cqunlltlos nnd Internal differences bo
referred to the districts nf fooled.
12. Wo domnnd thnt thia contrnct
iihnll bo ontorod Into for n period of
two yonrs, becoming effective April
1, 1012.
classes of inside labor be made tlio
basis* of tho nbovo scalo period, .
■   7.   That olghti hours constitute a
day's work on Saturday.
8, ■ Wo demand monthly payments.
9, Wo demand that there shnll ' bo
a limit to tho amount of deductions
mndo through tlio companies' offices
for ,tho minors' organization, nothing
to bo deducted except on the written
order and not to exceed 25 cents per
month per man.
10, Companies to have tho right
to employ nnd dlschnrgo men without
.11 aud 12. Wo domnnd that this
coiuinct Hluill ho entered Into for a
period of four yonrs, becoming effective 1012 ond that tho prosont differentials botweon the stntos shall bo continued.
Ions/to participate in the discussion of
those practical probiems, upon the revolution .of' which depends their welfare as workers,\i*jdividually and collectively." *, yy .,  -*-./■
,,'_ When the'Introduction of the modern
machinery of. production and" the har-
heBBl'ng'o'f the''forces, of. Nature, it' is
only"'iIttft*B;; 'that' "the'w'eatth- pro8ucerB
should participate in the benefits derived/-    y* .   -    . •
We\ therefore, pladge ourselves to
uncreasingly demand a universal workday of eight houre or loss; bo long as
labor-power Ib sold as a commodity. ■■
We believe there ls more efficacy in
electing working-class representatives
to write tbe law than by supplicatory
methods;* and ourofforts will bo moro
in that direction tn future.
Wo aro firmly convinced that tho
future belongs to tho only useful pooplo ln human Bocloty—the working-
President Powell a Busy
Man These Days ~
Tho following agreement has been
entered into by and botweon the Klpp
miners of the  Lethbridge  Collieries '
Ltd. and District'18, U. M. W. of A.'
Commissioner W. F. McNeil signed on"
behalf of the Western Coal Operators!   '■
Association,   and   President   \vS B. * „,
Powell for the District, and* was dated
at Lethbridge on January   27,   1912. .
The agreement reads:'  ' ".
ll   That tho general provision of the
agreement now in effect betweenthe .,,
United Mine Workers of America, Dis- '
trict 18, and tueJWestern Coal Opera- *
tors' Association, be ln effect at above '
named colliery.
2. That the outside and insldo day .''
wage scale of j.he agreement now in
effect between the United Mine Workers of ^America, District No. 18, and
the Western Coal Operators'"Associa-'
tion,* be'in effect at the above-named-
colliery. -11
3. That the contract rates of this
lignite field (namely A, R. and I. Co.
Chinook Colliery, Royal Colliery' and"'.
the Diamond Coal Co.^ be ln effect at
the above named colliery, with the
following brushingaclau.se:
Brushing.—Clod or draw slate in entries or rooms to bo paid at the rate
of 6 cents per inch for all clod or slate
in excess of 15. inches.      *'--,■
'   4.   That   these, general   conditions
and rates are to be effective- for the
life of the • agreement'  between . the ,
Western fCoal Operators' Association '
and District No. 18 United Mine Work-
ers of America, dated Nov. 17, 1911:
Note—LThe above contract rates are,
cutting, is to be done in tho band ot
bone or slate which is some ten inches *
of a foot from the bottom of the seam;',
work at tho mine on the 2nd of Jan,
He.was unmarried.'* His parents reside'at Tottenham/London, Eng„ and
'hhvO'-"b'een-*nbtIfiod- ■" of- *--thoir"""* •eon's
death.   '        '      7  ' ; i
Tho socrotnry, Jas. Burke, of,this
fund .reports ns follows:
Receipts       $5398.13
Disbursements       4-188.ID
24,-was killed, having his. skull crushed, when truck on .railway got beyond.control; at* the Cardiff collieries'
at Morlnville yesterday ^morning. ..   J however, it "the company desire   rto
The young man had only started tb make this cutting below -the, bottom
Premier Names Special Committee to
'    Investigate
OTTAWA, Jan. 31.—-In tho house
this aftornoon Premier Borden nnmod
the members of a special committee
which Is' to investigate old ngo pensions. It is composed .of Messrs.
Bradbury, Buchanan, Burnham, Carroll, Currle, Goodovo, Jameson, McDonald (Plctou), Vorvlllo, Mondon
and Hon. W. T, White.
Balanco  $ 909.08
It is rumored around town that
somo lucky individual Bccured n royal
flush nt Ingrnms Clgnr Store the other
night, und although all the boys aro
hanging around the poker hor, nftor
tho "key." William says there'fl "No-
tnlng doing!"
Mayor Uloasdoll nnd Mr. Tritos,
who recently took n trip to Victoria,
for the,, purpose of Interviewing tho
government on clvle mattero, tho.ro-
 suits of which are that a complex «o-
Tho fiover^ment wiij 1 fornmont agency will bo established
■elect tho commission, but It does
not Intend to appoint a legal representative,    * - „
THB 1816
A good programme la being arranged for tlm coiulun wtttkr To-niRht
(Saturday) the bill Is "Percy and Ills
fikjusw," "Won by a Vool? "ScUhic*,-
"A TMHghtor of Maly,* nnd 'The While
Medlclno Msn." The orchestra now
^ontiits of three pltocs, and Illustrated non en riifj much, to Urn ytwuvU'ti*
of tho evening.
here*. Aa regards a land registry office and sheriff, It Is likely thnt wo
shall have those, but no decision hns
as yet been mado. An offlclnl administrator will be appointed for tho
Fernio, Et«ctorn.t District at the commencement ef the ensuing year. Tbe
school Ki-uuL, of which 25,000 in tuk-wl,
has not boon grsntedas yet, but there
is little doubt but that we shall ret
th.s snm.
It has developed thnt In organizing
tholr forces to moot tlio minors tho
operators wltnossod ns hontcd a factional fight nn hns been scon on the
convention floor of tho United Mlno
Workers of Amorica slnco It convened. Tbe word "scab," used generally
by members of tho union labor movement to designate porsonB not lit sympathy with tholr cause, Is snld to hnvo
been used by the mine operators In
expressing their/disfavor of tlio ac
tlons of certain Illinois mlno owners
ffllth In -pmntlnf vmge or-mniiiHv lyu
ytnrs ago.
Approximately 00 per cent of th*
delegates from District 1, 7 nnd 0 hate
been Instructed by thoir local unions
tn <w,ti» fT*.-- n I'-Jrf.-v*! Kii?:swiii. I-
case this conecsslon^iroves impossible
the delegates from the PennyslvanM
anthracite retfons have been Instructed to uphold any movement that will
result In universal strike. Thoy will
be against any attempt, should sny attempt ho made on tbe part of bltu-
mlnou*. miners to agree to the present
wage prate for two more yesrs.
Tn fixing the salaries of the Inter-
Vice-President Ilnyes, who wns In tho
chair. And tho delegates cheered.
The vice-president's salary was "fixed at $2,600,
Tho next election of International
offlcors will be hold on tho second
Tuesday of Decomber, 1912, and the
officers eloctod will sorvo for a porlod
of two years, and future elections will
bo hold on thn second Tuesday of
December of each alternate year there-
Doings in Alberta
bench of coal, It shall be optional with
them to do bo, providing by'so doing
It will not decrease-the, earning eapa-^ ,
,c.ity.of:theiman.y .  .'  •*_,,- . .  ;
' 5, ...Tbattho local'.conditions as now.
exist at tho'vseveral collieries In this
Immediate field, as are In tho agreement, now Jn effect, bot'woen the Unit- >
ed Mine Workers of America, District,
18, and the Western Coal Operators'
Association, be In'effect at tho above '
mentioned colliery, during tho life of'
tho agreement now In effect between
the United Mine Workors "of Amorica,
District  18.  and   tho  Western  Coal
Operators' Asoclntion.
C.   That whoro Monobel is used tbe
samo prlco is to ho charged nB Is now
charged on all othe/ mlnos (whoro In -
use) In tho Western Cpal Operators'
Association:—namely 30c. por lb.    '**   '
7. That * all ether prices underground bo tho samo as nro nt the
mlnos of tho Alberta Railway and Irrigation Company.
KDMONTON, Altn., Feb. 1.—Dr.'
Slownrt (Con,, Lethbridge) nnd C. M.
O'Brien presented petitions In favor of
tho Fortnightly Wngos Bill. A petition signed by residents, men-hunts
nnd mineworkers of noyal Vlow nnd
dlHtrlct stntod that the clilef Industry of tho district Is conl mining, nnd
that owing to tho present system of
pny ndoptod by tho several mine companies, the inlnoworkers aro continually laboring under n dlsndvnntage In
being compellod to ask for oxtonslvo
credit from the merchants. This system, snys the' petitioners, frequently
results In hardships nnd privations,
and miners, wltb families, coming to
tho district destlt'lto or short of money
Labor Delegates at Victoria Discuss
Workmen's Compensation Act—Convention Closes Early In Afternoon.
—Executive Board to Wait on Government.
VICTOIUA, .Inn. 27.—Tlw llrltli-.li
Columbia Fcdr-rntlon of Lahor at Is*--
final HOHslon today dnhitlcd the viuloiih
KDMONTON, Jan. 2G,--In a speech I
of HllKlilly less thnn «... hours duration, «nw*ndn.Pnl» -l«lred '» »«■ Workmnu's
... , .,    .   .   l .    Compensation-Act, and   iloi-ldcd   tin,'
Premier Sifton opened tho budget do-
halo In the legislature this afternoon.
During IiIh upsech tho premier stated that provision hnd boon mndo to
mine tho Indemnity of jiicidIjoih from
$1,000 to $l,ri00, nnd thnt. the Indemnity
whothor tlwre wns contributory n<'i;ll-
genc-e on tlio wnrkmnn'H pnrt or not
the whole cosl of tlio Injury ithoiild hi'
hnne by tlio Industry In which " linp-
I'ciU'd. Tlu-y iipprovi'd the r*nl«,,*i«i of
tlie (-."pltntlon  fc« to two rents \vr >
of I)i6 louder of the Opposition hnd'hend iior month, nnd nftor n final
boon rnlsod to put him on tlm snnioispeerh hy tlio ehnlrman the convention
payment ns the flpenkor of the house, I rlost»d nt 1,10 p.m.
The Opposition, said he, with a 'itiiy votes of thnnks wero pns'ivd to the
slcnl look, first nt Mltehener nnd th*n ;v|C{0r|n Trades Council, to the
nt O'Brien, must docldo bctwoen them- premier nnd tho two Labor member*
nftor. ,,    .,  4l
The greatest demonstration In be. (often have to work & contMo[Am-^°
i,«ll vl  -nOUlrtll
the convention hall when all of tho <">™ difficulty In obtaining credit for
delegates except one rose to Ibelr feet the ordinary necessaries ef llf«.    Tb«  prosperliy wHh
solves who Is tholr lendor, ns tho flo-
verninent can not ncrept tho tusk of
making such a dellculo (IocImIoii. The
premier concluded with n glowing per
il kuurMK« tnat ever has «^«««- **<«/ *«« «•**«•» «"> «•«•»• **,ul *^\"ft»H"» »» wnirh ho congrntiilnted litm-
*"" "     generally upon the abnormal wave of
as an Indication thnt they favor tho
woman"suffrage movement.
fixed at from three to alz members,
tltiree of whom shall be tho president,
financial secretary and recording secretary of the local.
petitioners wore In full ncrord with
the bill nnd believed It would operate
No RedlstHbutfnn
...j    Ut.*'.i.,n   <l*t« 4»W.v4»lliV      V).
miners and other residents.
Similar petitions signed by miners
and business men wero presented from
Losthbrldge, Bankhad, Psssburg, I.lllc,
HlllcrHty Carbondale, Maplo Uaf.
HelleviJf*. Tstwr, nnd on hi'n.ilf of rhr»
whl<*h   the ceuntry
was now hlcftscd.
At the eoneluslon of th* r.T*>mler'»
k,A^.i.j..w(.. HIH)6CU Milchener rose to reply for the
"As the lender of Ills Mnjesty's
loyal Opposition," he wished to congratulate the Premier upon his eloquence and tho skill he had dftpla.wd
Thirty-nine   per cent
W im^woik"****- tlaa* It
ef   France's
co«ipo*wi ot
We understand on good authority
national officers, the convention gave]that the provincial elections will take
the president $3,C^> a year. Tf**n a! place the latter part ef March, but
motion was made to Increase the Ml-jtAat there will be no redittritrtt'Ue-a
ary of the vice-president from $2,5<W Mil bronahl up owlnir te «h* mm.
lo |i.W>0 a year. \plcui offltii! census returns for tt, Cjifon b> tbe Premier, thM the ixipmy
"That motion In ont ef onler,** mid fnot having be**n received ns yef. Rpittt-cr leave the chair.  ,
^thh,1dge,fI.nW.d,P.«.b«rg.Lme.|'«^;^^ time, bu, wim the
«w-M"lnn,T ao aa to abow a anrplua.    iistfriiirix   mlB<.ut tl  WftH ib«-ir du
A Bill dealing with lho deutructicn
of gopben and providing for tbe raiting of taxes for unoccupied land* for
the purpose, fathered by A. Bramley
JiUwur* (lib,, Altrt^Mk), was Wiled
fi'» rpmmftfw nt th* wnrtM, hy •» mo-
r& the flfivfrnmrnt tieranse four m>pn
controlled no less than eight depart-
ments.    'flifl Premier eentrolled four
of I'arllument, nnd tho chairman, tn
summing up the convention's work, Impressed It on thejn that ench member
mrst. when h* went hseV  t««v h'nn-/ f
ont to oxplaln their prA^eedlni'H, ind
the reasons for them,   to   ihelr loenl
bodies—in this wny tho good the eon-
-.cntlon had doini them would be uU-
semlnated among tho whole membership, and they would reallw* \rttft the*
powBlbllltleH and potentialities of the
work of this body In the filiture.    And
on the question of flnntice—hrrp they
hnd M ^solutions from their 81 mom-
bora—passing pious resolutions was no
TV.clr tiffi< »»rn \\n.A nl*en  lr«i-)y ot
election* im-
ini»n*.-iii ii  «n» im-ir uiity to f-nabW-
|them to mak* their Influence felt; to
!shn«- th«y rnr-unt to hsvo thing* snd
could take them was tho ruiomI and
of these   department*, tne Aiiomey- j,hfl onJy wa>. of mmg them   AgjJll
General two. and th* oth^r t-re »»t»--     uf(,^ mh%ltm    work on ||M, ^,t
bers of the cabinet one earn. ^ tU ^U-^u* *>ft iWI. imwd    u,
O'llricn'* "full reply will be!their reapectlie   locals.   (I^ond   ar
te. M.
published in our nest issue.)
plause.) me-.
i -_
.--*•"*;.&;**.-*-.*f-i%-! yy-'-.
yy - yj*'^'7-
Tremendous Growth
■./ :     "-     -'   yyyyy    ".*"   -y*;^*W' f- -  77
cf Cafimidni Mergers
Some1 Pertinent Data
■*--;* v,
The number of industrial amalgama-'
tions consummated in .Canada, from
January, 1909, to December, 191i;rwas-
41.7 -"7 * .    "    '   '• *'7*:-
The aggregate authorized capitalization, including bonds of ,33'of these
mergers was,$334,938,266. "*,,       ;•    7
.    ,The'4l amalgamations absorbed" 196
individual companies.      <   '-
The aggregate. capitalization of 190
of these individual companies was approximately $124,766,580, which .amount, in- various ways, was incerased
upon' amalgamation. (
' Tlie 28 securities'issues to the public
resulting from tho amalgamation move
ment, totalled ?44,071,G66,
With thirteen of theso, amounting to
' $15,950,000.  an aggregate    bonus    of
?6,567,500 was given.
The largest consolidation was the
Canada Cement • company,* which absorbed twelve companies. Its authorized capitalization, including bonds,
amounted to §3S,000,000
'WASHINGTON. Jan.. 3rf— It is estimated that the railway employees of
the United States and Canada secured
the sunu total of $14,000,630 more for
their'services in the year 1911 than
they had in the yeifr 1910. The average increase in wages was about, 4.87
per cent The trackmen secured 2.18
per- cent.; the statlonmen 3.10 per
,cent.; telegraph operators and dispat-,
chers 4.88 per cent.'; machinists, boil-
ermakers -and other shop mechanics
5.58 per cent; engineers, firemen, conductors, trainmen, switchmen and
yardmen, 6,46 per cent. It was solely due to the efficency of the trade
unions* that these magnificent results
were secured for the railroad employes
of the United States and Canada. ■
. . t ■'-.—;,',:- ,4
ivs*Vf\ ,
y,v y f 4 V ¥ ¥ *■¥ ¥¥¥■¥*¥-¥ ».¥¥ »' »jMMWr";
Standard .'Oil Was to Have Control of
All Chinese Oil Land if Revolution '.'
'-   -Was Successful     .  , „ - *
, SHANGHAI, Jan.,30.—Thaythe-direct result, if the Chinese revolution
should be successful, and Dr. Sun.Yat
Sen be elected' as President, will be
the'   possession by the Standard Oil
Company of all Chinese oil lands, is
asserted by high officials familiar with
the situation today.
John D. Rockefeller was interested,
it is said, in financing the revolution
through agents on the ground. .-
. Whether President Sen has actually
signed this confesslon,is unknown", but
it is said that if not ho will. Agents
of the Standard Oil Company are said
to have been in toucb~with Dr. Sen before lie left America, and had agreed
to finance the revolution for control
of all the Chinese oil lands, which are
the richest undeveloped land of. that
character in the world., ,    .
Tho mere publication of this,rumor
is bound to have an important effect
on tlie state of affairs in China, if it
can be proven, as the Chinese arc very
patriotic' and'-resent the sale of their
resources to foreigners. It may have
an important' bearing on the question'
of .whether Sun Yat Sen or Yuan Shi
Kai comes to the top at the end of the
present  troubles.  -* '*
'•a   .r
C. P.
•    CALGARY, Jan. 30.—"Every train on
-the entire mountain section of the C.
P. R. system will be operated with
. oil .fuel next  spring, if our present
plans can be worked, out," declared
Grant Hall, assistant general manager
. of western lines of the C. P. R." inter-
- viewed here.     Mr..Hall arrived in his
private car from the west, where he
has been on an official trip.
"   -"WeTi'lll-^getr"Our*fuel"from~tue_oil-r
fields of California and the Southern
-Pacific coast," he declared, "and will
bring it in via Vancouver."
U. S.
"WASHINGTON.—The wage hoard
at the Washington naval gun factory
has announced that the wage schedules, for 1913 will remain the same as
those that vwere in effect during' 1911,
with,the exception of the unorganized
wood caulkers. The wages of these
employes have been reduced from a
minimum of $2.88 to $2.64 per day, and
from a maximum of $3.60 to $3.36 per
Printer's Ink, the recognized authority on advertising' questions' after a
thorough investigation on the subject
says:—   ." 1 ■'•■■".'
"A' labor paptr is a far better advertising medium than an ordinary
newspaper in comparison with circulation. ,,   A , labor paper, for example;
V\niriTlrr-_0 AAfk-C-llKctwiKj-ITO— 1 □ -TTlATA JVfll 11.
SIU » iIl'j-iJ>VVV-UUWUVI iui-l wj-mr-i*iw» v— ■» ««— -
able to the business man who advertises in it than an ordinary paper with
5,000 subscribers."
s of
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27.—Hardships
of the twelve hour dny which tho'employees In tho iron aiid steel industry
are compelled to undergo were described' ln a report mado public today by
Chas. P. Nolll., Commissioner of .Labor.
It gives the results of the investigation
carried on under the direction of tho
Secretary of Commerce and Labor Na-
gel, In compliance with a senate resolution requesting a summary of hours
of labor and wngos In that Industry.
The report dcclnros that the long
Echcdulo of hours also means a seven
days a week, When tho transfer of a
dtiy shift to a night ono Is effected
every other week, tho system results
In olghtten and otfon twenty-four hours
of conuocutlvo work without relief,
Tho period covered by the Investlga-
tlon revealed that 50,000 or 25 por cent
ot tho 173,000 employees of tho blast
furnaces nnd stool works and rolling
mills, customarily worked tho sovea.
day schedule of 12 hours,
Tho Inquiry also developed that the
long schedule wiih not confined lo tho
blast furnace dopartmont, whoro admittedly there Is metallurgical necessity for continuous operation. In that ■
dopnrtmont 88 per cent of tho employees worked tho mull week, It being
found thnt productive work wns cnrrl-
' od on on Sundny In other dopartmontH
an woll,
Tho report culls attention to tho fnet
thnt Bunilay lnbor l« no moro necessary In tho iron nnd stool business
thnn  other Industries nnd  contrasts
likewiso the general tendency of other
trades toward a nine hour, and even as
eight hour day.
Dispute Between 20,000 Textile Workers and Operators May Continue
,   for Long Time , \
LAWRENCE, Mass., Jan. 27.—Tho
Btrlko of approximately 20,000 textile
workers ln this city, which ♦has been In
progross moro than two weekB, seems
llkoly to resolvo ItBolf into a long
struggle. RepreeontatlvoB of the .various mills Issued a Btatoment ln Boston today that they will havo no further negotiations with Joseph J. Etter
of Now York, the strike lender, and
that tho demands of tho strikers ennnot possibly bo granted. On tho other
hand, tho strikers' commltteo today
votod not to confer with tho mill
ngonts again until the latter are roady
i _____
LAWRENCE, Mnss., Jan. 30.—Cap-
tnln Proctor, ot tho State pollco, today declnred thnt tho strikers have
beon cleared of tho dynamite churls.
"You mny Biiy officially," lio snld,
"that wo hnvo entirely dlscounccrod
the dynnmito Incident from the tnx-
llio strlko. The strikers hnd nothing
lo do wllh planting tlio explosive,
it Ik not difficult to truce the (lyii'i-
nlto, hi.t It Ih ilirilcul. lo get (ivldcnco
tint will convict.
7 There", are over 5;0Q0 ^-unemployed in'
Vancouver.*      -. 777*--
"There fare six Turkish'Socialists in
the' Ottoman legislature: -'
*   ',.*■'►      , .,     -   •■'•*■
■ *;■-    c-) •>.     -■•-. ■
Street'car conductors', in* Sequi; Japan) -make "35'cents "a day..
*.- y    -.,,- ..'•'»*". ..
' Retail'clerks of Peek-skill, N.Y., have
secured a "reduction in hours without
strike. ■     ; .       ''      '     " -   * .
7 ■..-,"-»»'»'
They have a society for the preven-.
tion of cruelty to animals./ But, then
we are not animals.—H.J.
- *   *   «
The Chinese cooks in New York
City threaten to strike if better wages
and shorter hours are not granted. •
♦   v   *"
The board oE control at Montreal
favors increasing tlie wages of civic
day laborers and carters by 5 per cent.,
to $2.10 and' $3.18 respectlvelj;.
♦, ,       . ,
Four thousand longshoremen are on
strike in Sydney, Australia, for an increase iu.wages from 30 to 36 cents
an hour. Steamers plying, between
the colonies are seriously affected, and
shippers',, refuse to accept cargoes
bound for Sydney.    ,-        • -        ■   y
i    y .       * *, * '       .'■".''
Milwaukee Cigarmakers', Union has
proposed an amendment to the international constitution providing that ,bn
and after May i, 1912, there shall'be
no more open shops under tlie jurisdic-'
tion of the International Cigarmakers'
Union.   /-"'-■ 7     *'
."    .'     "'   '-, * *   *   * ,' *'
1 The coal miners of Vancouver Island
have not only' organized, but have decided to take their place in the Organized-labor movement of the province.
Last week Secretary-Treasurer Midg-
ley received the affiliation and per
capita tax of the Island' members to
the B: C. Federation of Labor.
-" ',.*"♦"*
The" Labor Co-Partnership Association now embraces 111 societies in
Great Britain. The aggregate capital
of these workmen's societies is approximately* $10,000,000, and their trade
amount's to nearly $22,000,000 a year.
The last'return shows that. $131,395
was  divided, among  the workers  as
their share .of the profits.
It is expected that some time during
bility Commission will present its final
report to the" two Houses of Congress.
The report will eftibod a bill providing
a graduated,scale . bf ;'compensation
through" Government instrumentalities
for injuries to "employees of railroads
engaged * in - inter-state , commerce,
whether due to negligence or not.
Child labor, chronic pauperism of
the masses, unemployment of able-
bodied men against their will, and
other great social evils will continue
as long as that system of ownership
known as capitalism lasts, that Is. just
ns long as one class In society owns
tho means of life;' tho machinery of
production, .to' tho exclusion of the
other class.
*   *   *
A temporary stop in work at tho Calgary Collieries, a fow miles from Dol-
burne, has been caused by some dispute among the men working In the
mines on account of tho. manager
changing the wages of miners from
dally wagos to tonnngo rates. Mr.
Albortson In chargo of the mines, haB
gone to Edmonton to obtain moro men
and it ls thought that work will bo
resumed very soon.
fl   ♦   * »
William Nurd, a well known writer,
makes the , statement that > 536,165
workingmen are killed or injured every
year In Amorlcnn Industries, and Dr.
Hoffman, statistician of the Prudential
Life Insuranco Compnny, has estimated tho nnnunl numbor of' Industrial
accidents ,nt approximately 2,000,000.
Of thoso 35,000 woro killed and tho
others wero Injured. In tho Pennsylvania coal mines nlono 1073 mon were
killed Inst yoar and 2100 wero seriously Injured,
'    *' -- A,'l*"*- 1.
Beware of^
• y'y.'? ■
Sold,ori' the
s1*    - "*"« '
Merits of!
.City of Fernie
Sale of trees
Provincial   grant" CWest^- \«y y
- Fernie School groun'ds')''i^5y.j.600.00r
,City of Fernie  (amount,*!,'':^." '..i'.-
- over expended) '■Sy.ify'SS'iS.Wx
£.-.*-,;-,-. 9^,H.,„,^&eac-ers..salaries *.
■-\c-■-■.. >■•   -   Secretary salary .,
LONDON, Jan. 20.—There are about
180,000 members of the four railway-
men's unions, and.' there is a move-'
ment on foot to unite these organizations. - Hitherto the'Associated" Society ' of. Locomotive Engineers - and
Firemen have refused to'follow the
lead of the Amalgamated Society of
Railway: Servants and come into line
with the other railway.organizations.
With this',end-'in "'view of, bringing
about the amatepnation - of these four,
.bodies, a conference is to be held at
Salford on the 28th of this month when
a plan'will,be,proposed that will pro;
vide for.all members-at the, date of
amalgamation ■ to receive the same benefits for the same contributions', the
executive committee of* each union to
remain In off ice1, for two years as a,
joint governing body.
1 A reservation of fertile valley land
is now'.open in Mexico. Homesteads
Free. 'Only requirement is to have
5 acres of bananas 'planted within .5
years. An_ authorized company, will
plant the' bananas and market them on
shares. - Your'share should bring" $2.00
per' acre annually. The Jantha .Plantation Co.,Block-2001, Pittsburg, Pa.,
U. S. A., distribute Mexican land iri
the ,U. S.' and Canada. * Write' for
particulars.' *,You need not go.ft'o
Mexico.    .'     ''•     '-. '     - '," f.t.-24
Janitors;salaries ..... v...
"~Incidental* expenses ..;..-
Rental buildings J .7. '.".-'V
'"-* TeaciTing supplies  ......
Draying .expenses ' ; _
Insurance "....7.   ..:;.*."
Cleahlug' Material .......
School Material ."*.....:,.
Publication of statement
Sidewalk 'expense -...... .-
Water"and light*........ -
West Fernie School gr'nds
', 150.00
- 221.42
321 .'65
. '29.50,
,' 165.00
.  211.27
' 75.31
♦ ++. + + + '♦-♦""^■•♦-k ♦'••«>
,- ■ '■''*&'&• *k^*^'^.s"**'i*--''i**->..v-**i -
p^eliveredy - tcr^alf 7^
• delivered^- to^all,
.-.\*.'('"■: \t - y *f 7\y>
if ts"- of itbe .xowrir yy
'*■ - :7?yy .yy-^-7-.
Sandera '&' .VeVhaeat- Brothers.
* ••(:,*!.< ■
School equipment '    1191.63
Fernie. Annex  School   .
Central School-Grounds'
$   69.;] o
• 482/40
'-,,Proprietors .*..,..* /!
<►<»♦•» 0 » »♦'♦♦♦♦<>♦ ♦♦♦
'   .       .(This expenditure was, paid by;debenture:funds,)   '   ''Si-   -
'-Certified correct— -.   '-.'7;7 * *.',.','*'' ''  '.City Treasurer.
' R." W.
January, 8 th", 1912.
,       S. "W. BARCLAY, - ,' "
;A: C. LIPHARDT, Chairman
..■-I,;.•&-      -,. k'v*7;y -■; ■i-.,;  .
.;. .* Is(now, occupying a!" great deal of
attfeation.' .It'B'egood thing.- ;
and Sale Stiles
First-class Horsei.'for Sale.
1    **■■      » " -^
" ... y   • y,7-i
Buys Horses on, Commlslon
'".- . . 7' *-*■    -':>
George Barton y.'Phone 78 I
.   .   ■" v   •'-1   -•■-*-. v-..; .-• «
— I'N'G B;:R......
.'l*)i-  .' Srt ^
*•   -J
yr7,:'7y;„.. <\y yyy y.   ,..;
/is getting so scarce that-,;some'
dealers do not bave^any at all
- ,.     . . ^,, *. ■* ~j
We have, plenty, however.'' We
-.7 make a speciality/"of  handling"
only.," high-grade / stuff, -7which,
wise ' dealers Twill; tell • you; is
really the cheapest.;
.....  s1 J-.,,
''. - ',,   * .'
■■" *  ;>>-.
Aerent   Fernie", Branch
'■' V
" >-,
PeUa.tt    Ave.
North 1:
'- '7 '*<*$-'
J L,       1 -' ' • 1
S Calgary)-Aiberia,* July 8, 1911
I was a great'sufferer, for a long time"
with' BiliouBnessV Sick">Headache and
Liver,trouble. Nothing seemed to do
me any good. I had almost given' up
iii despair when I decided to try.
, y';  FIG PILLS
After taking about half a box the head--
aches stopped and my appetite improved.'. II have just, finished the fifth
box and foel as well as ever, I can'
heartily recommend Fig Pills for stomach and liver troubles.—"Mrs." Mary
Bllson. * ."
Sold ot all dealers In,25 and SO cent
boxes,or mailed by* The Fig Pill Co.,
St. Thomas, Ont,, * Sold ln Fornlo nt
McLean's Drug and Boole Storo.
,   And  Nothing but the Best in Fresh
and. Smoked    Meats,    Fresh v and
.. -\ . Smoked Fish, Dairy Producer-Poultry'•• y
. <;;. .Etc.*"Etc, go to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
For' the flrst'Ume in" the. history of
New York City, complete school census
figures were' given out recently. The
census "reveals,that 20,000 children aro
out of. school illegally," violating tho
child'labor nnd compulsory education
laws. .       ,*
.vnn« nnunur* hkai.s the longs
Fernie-Fort Steele
*' .       ,-    ....    .    *.<•;*■ •
Brewing Co,, Lid.
,\,'-i   . --,'.**   - -  ' * '• "7 '
Bottled GootJs a Specialty"
.yS.f%Prn i. \, ..,       ".' v»
L.E. McDonald
■    :-7--y
-    . •     !,.■-■ -,.
"Ledger" Ads, are Winners
"'     " - ".\ ' :•■•«■ V .■' -
Express * andV Delivery Wagons a
{tf-ieclallty';'   ■
The \asle for Ritlgways Ten, like a
lAste for thn best music, mny have lo bo
acquired hy Rome, but when once acquired it is rt Rourcc of lasting delifiht.
»H HI     f t   i -1 „   t..~A,    ..rifl
llkC 'f»V..»**»* .» k*>t.%-«*  ^W^fc, fc*...-^.^*.   ..-.-.-»,  - -■   -
to strong it rocs much farther than ordinary teas. Sealed in air-tight, dust-
proof, quarter, half and pound packages.
■ Her Maje»t/» Blend" $1.00 per Ib.
• 5 O'O*!-.' 60c    "
•Old Country11 50c    "
'G|»ul Household*     40c     "
iV<jy Now h Had in Teum al Bui Stop
AWAtlngD GOt-D MKQAL,    UONOON ia 1.1^1
Chnrlos M. Sholdon, for twonty-throo
yonrs pnsior of n ConRrogntlonnl
church In Topekn, Knns, nnd nuthor of
"In Ills Stops," "Ilohort Hardy's Scon
Dnys," and other popular rollRiouti
works, hns announcod his conversion
to Sncliillsm. He hns roBlgiiod his
pulpit, nnd will work ns nn ovntigollst
and undor tho auspices of tho Christian flocinllst Fellowship. Tho general ronfldonro In tho sincerity nnd
dwrncter of tho mnn, rouplod with
oratorical nnd wiitlntr ublllly, will
nmk<* him  u v/ilunhlc 'irqu'Hlllon  lo
tho rnuse.
*   »   •
i.iiu'ur U ».Vii iaiutl Kfli'tJU-i*1 at iiu)  i',
S, Navy dopartm-nt, tlio private con-
<M*rni» whlrh Mnd^rtakc tho ronstruc-
tlon of the two new battleships, No-
vniln and Ohlnhomn. will he ohllgoil to
vriilililinii  Mi«  " i^in-i>U»(   ilrt'.i   UifDufiii-
out tholr entire plants, In ordor to conform to tho Hughes Amendment In the
last Novnl Appropriation Hill. Thero
Is no doubt among nnvnl officers tht|t
tbo practical effect of this, ruling, will
h« tn forco nn Hffhf-hnnr f?nv throiiRh-
out tbo wholo of nny private shipyard
utidorfnhln«r. fh« rnntrnrt Th*» datfl
of opening Ui« bids for tho construction of tho new battlflshlps has been
chanced from January 4 Ho January
35, In order that tho constructors may
revise their flgur-ci because of the official rf«clslofl to apply th# taw to tha
full effiict
." ' , ' -    ,','i'
Am mmhwaMUhtikm BbrntahmUaw at lb* Annual U—U*i held .at th. H«a«OUlee alikahamk, at HamlllMs, j .
Moaday, Smuumtf 18th, 1013 * (,-.
HON. WM. GIBSON, Prciident
J. TURNBULL, Vice-President and General Manager
COL. THE HON. J. S. HENDRIE, C.V.61,   -
W. A. WOOD v !
T. tha VmWa
Noteietthi rUnlcln ctreuUtlon 1 l,M*,t4o.OO
Dipoilti Ixiirln* Inttnit, IncludlnS Intiriil iccruid ta
dlt' IHIHM'IHMUIIIIIMIM'MIMIIM.IM1.fl.tM.ll*9«l,WI,w4lll
Dcpoilti not iMirlng lnt«r«it.. ...■•.»i.   1,704^0*7
■ --  I S4,7SI.4S3iH
tUI«neiiduitoAnnUotthin»nl<lnOrei\t Hrltiln... •      IM.413,00
Ilulnncn dut to othiir nmki In Canada and thi UnlUdBUtti       KW.JIO.W
Dividend Ko,M, payabtf IttDtcimlMr, 1011., .I     75,458,44
Porm-r DlvUUndi unpaid <,  M3.M
I t$,mtf7,1i
ta tika Shartlioldcrs
Capital Stock (avwata ol th* ytar 11,734,830) • 3.800,400.00
K-urve Puad •     S.MO.OM.OO
Amount rtnarvtd for Kebit* ol Inttrttt on Currtnl DllU
l-lkcountod       100,000.00
llalanco of proOln currlad fonvord ..■ •       IffO.WO.ol)
I  S,4l».7M.W
Gold and BllvarCoin ,„,,,„„ I   MffllM
DominionOovtrrtmtntNotu..... . mti... ».OH,g04.00
Dapnalt with thb Dominion Ooyarnmint ai Btcurlty for
Nota Circulation •f.iiiMM......iMiiiMiMi*i.t,t..*i
No4eaofandChtqu*fonothtrllantc* >	
IlaUncai dua from othar Dank* In Canada and ths UnlUd
Htat**.l|I..I.MI>MMIIMII*M,.,,*,*, M..I    ..MIMMt
Dominion and Provincial Oovarnmant Stcurltlt* >	
Canadian Municipal KtcurltlM, and Tlrlttfth, or VoftHn,
or Colonial I'ubllo lecurlll**, othar than Canadian..
hallway and Other Donda.Dibantur** and Htock* ,,....
toan* at C»H, ot 8hort Call,*n n«s«tUbl« SocurltU*....
Ml 1,179,71
KottaDlacountad andAdvancaacurrent .,,,..,...........
Not** Dlacountad, ate,, overdue (tttlmated tea* rrovldid for)	
n»nk Promlu* ....ii » < •<	
Office furniture, Baf»*,ttc. ............m.  ....(...••,....■..
Rtainitnt*(other than HankPremlae*', Mortim8«a,«to,...,.	
Other AuaeU not Included under fdrcSolntf h*nd«>,,,, , ,
• 44,7M.«7.lt
■■ \ ■'■"
Tha ni|l*nce at Credit ol Protlt and Loan Account, Mth November, 1010, wa» ,„„„„>,„:..,.... ,..i.m.m...i
Tlie inuliiti Tor the year cudc-I 30th Noreml-er,  1011, nl«AT^t1«i1np«m> clinrrtPB of
mnnn4craent and mnkinil provision for bud and doubtful Uobtw* aro
Premium received onn*w8tock r • • m
J'wm which hare b*«n declinM lour quartari-/ dividend*, In all It*.
 I300*».31r *7,, ).
• Mill .1.11 .,.,!..I, I. KM. Illl. IHI. ..IIIMIMIH. Ml" ■•,",","",»]f?,HS'S2 •      V*
Carrled lofteMrva Fund from Premium on New Stock a* above  .■■<>>•■<•.<> .,,,,.,,„,,.,,,,..........--.,    "nri*»nn(i
Carried to R*a«*run4 from ProAta..i.». »•••• • •*••» Hi.*™*"
Carried to ("etwion Purvi .,..••«.».•••••■•■••■"• •■•;- ............•.-.••••<••••» •••>• •> '••"• ••• """
AltowBcJt«lorm*rP«aM«l.*rtt»l«fl^ ' • »,,H
Ilnlnnc* of Profit and Loan carried forward
Hamilton. Nov. 30IK 1911
HON. WM. GIBSON, Pi^«ld«nt
tl, TURNBULL, Vlea-Pratldtint nnd OeiKBral M«NH|j«i* "-.-,„- ..-*:*? ^.y-y,*"-- ■-;-"■   •:-. -,*;,. ■.-'.".y .;..--;-■■ •*:'; >-,.-v:-, y ^:->;y-y v77
"*    ».-';-'-;■« *:■-. a ,£. :-,>  -■•.   '■'     * .--,-*"':■•■■*   ..",-■" -"v    7      7-7-;-' ,   •-•>■*.
VU :.
fi -
=~*m-: r"^*^
■•77-4 n\
■--■'.   *<■-,
■1 <w. ■    ji ,
\:-s\ ?,.
c" v
These are the very finest oranges
y grown. : They are the best crop of
5,000 prize groves of California.
Besides being sweet, juicy navels,
each "Sunkist" is tree-ripened.   Each1
is picked with -gloves. Each is sound,
'*-'-,' 7 *  \   ■* •     y','        ■*■*■■
Oranges Most
Healthful Fruit
l^.-AH oranges are healthful, but this
tree-ripened, full-flavors   fruit tones
[.,digestipniandfsuppii^ the required y,
acid like--no other.   It is impossible
yto , get7better oranges than those
J- They keep well, as each orange
comes to; you perfect, sound   "
and solid;     \  ■.
-'..-."'/*'* "77 - -     '   ■    > ■   , <■    * *
y^uy-thefn by; the dozen,
L}half:box or box during this
V big weed's sale at greatly
Y^ reduced prices.'
^ Huge sale of finest California Navel
«c 1 • si^ng?St -Tiicae are. the famous
: fcunkist■/ Oranges, the prize crop of California.
Each "Sunkist" comes in a valuable wrapper. Save wrappers and obtain beautiful and
genuine 'Rogers' Silverware.
Read full instructions to the right.
This special orange-week sale begins Monday
and lasts the.entire week.   Remember. *
tree-ripehed, haritf,picked oranges; are the finest
in the world and "most economical
^S^ial lew prices.    Buy in Quaitiiies—by
the box or half-box, at aU dealers.
Insist on "Sunkist" Wrappers
Y°cu -'^U? better fruit at lower prices, and you will
get free, Rogers' Silverware by sending in:wrappers
■■along, with,a few stamps or money order to
"elP pay charges, packings etc.'
Choose From These
Silver Premiums
Get This Orange Spoon
' At right is shown
new. "Sunkist" Orange
Spoon, actual size.
Genuine Rogers and of
the latest style. Sent
you on receipt of 12
V'Sunkist" wrappers'
and 12c to help pay
cHarges, packing, etc.
For each additional'
spoon send 12 "Sunkist" wrappers and 12c.
Read carefully directions at right.
Send for full description, number of wrappers
and amount of cash nee*
essary to secure each
This Fruit
Knife Yours
"% .
I ->v<*
,. ^. v  ,.
<- 1-1   1'
I   .* .
-y * -
•*- ^^^
1    '
J        ''-  ~
7  *■■
'->Sy-'^^^^P^^blcause most juicy: /Tliin-skinned, and each
:^eS^valuable ^SunkistVwrapper.  W^^*****. ,*^^
CaMorida y^'ISrow
Table Knife   fable Fork,
Child's Knife
Bouillon Spoon
Coffee Spoon
Salad Fork
Oyster Fork,
^Child's Fork
Orange Spooo
Fruit Knife    Teaspoon
* -  Tablespoon   """T
Butter Spreader
.Made of special
tempered steel heavily silver-plated, same
high quality as the
other "Sunkist" Premiums. Sent on receipt of 24 "Sunkist"
wrappers and 20c.
For each additional
fruit knife send 24
"Sunkist" wrappers
and 20c.
Read This
On al) remittances up
to 20 cents please' send
cash; on amounts above
20 cents we prefer postal <,
note, money order, «•*,,
press order or bank draft.
Make money order or
draft   payable to the ."'
California Fruit Growers*
Exchange, and address
your letters to the Call,
fornla  Fruit Growers*,
Exchange. 10S King St.
East, corner Church St.,
Toronto, Ont.
You can secure these
premiums  with  "Sunkist" orange wrappers7,,
"Sunkist" lemon wrap-,
pers, "Red Ball" orange
wrappers or "Red Ball"
lemon wrappers.    Or *
merely send trademarks
cutfrom wrappers. If you   .
will buy only "Sunkist"1
and "Red Ball" oranges ..
and lemons, you will get
fruit of the finest eating
priced; and you will sooa
secure a complete set oi;
the beautiful table silver*   -
*),--• $?]-5>W".■■*:•% 'Vy'.<•;< '"'*•.'';-,',. 7 *"■ - ~
»S~       ''I
The Union Bank
-. *"  • 7  ?< .
The Bank of Vancouver
andother large financial and business institutions HvhO bought
centrally located property in the
big City of 7 '
FREE Maps, information, etc.
District Selling Agent
Central British Columbia
on the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
the Last Metropolis of Western Canada
Lot uh show you how $10 a month invested in
w contmllylocntod lot—bought ut prosont
prtawH»75 to ,$ii(K), Will Make Money fop YOU.
Bankers Selling Agents    .
IM™AL Standard Securities, Limited
BANK of British Columbia
Paolflo Building - Vamou.-er, B. C.
"Only a working mnn" Is an oxpros-
oiou wuniMuy ufjtHi,. AtaonK tho oris-
iowvit--' It liaiflk* htturlMtUy, H unman
a mnn born to toll and work and stove
for othors. A mnn to 1m» kept out
of BOO'l.socloty. To bo dosplsod and
flhnnnori. To lio looked upon with dis-
iiu»U Io Ui v\>imiv»«iv.d ft. inauinn<» \o
. voto, but novor to run for offlco' la
fnct, to linvo no nmbltlon, Always to
work, work, work. To bo content to
hnvo enough to ont nnd "a plnco lo
sloop, To bo satisfied with his sur-
roundlww, whnlewr Hioy mny Im>. tint
to tm fault, kick or go on strike.
Whnt n Tw*nti'lful plr-Miro!
Tho "worWng mnn" Is tho son of
nnothor "working mnn." His rnc«
has been In icrvltudo and bondngo
for RKOS, Ue Is compelled to ioarn to
read and wrlto. hut this Is th© ex-
tont of his cdurnUon. H« Iw-fflns bf*
bard llfo of toll whon u boy and koeps
It up until ho dlos.    Ho ts always
ft working njnn. Ho owns no car-
rlagos, horsns oi* nutomohll^H Tllu
Is ft llfo of dull caro, working dny nnd
night to cronto woalth for othors to
sixjiuI in bountoous rocroation and
luxurious living, Ho works oarly and
Ia(.o to support a family living In huts
dud hovols, that othors may onlov.
What wonder ho fools ho Is dosplsod by tho vory pooplo bin koops In
luxury, onso and Idlonoso? What
wondor thnt ho rosonts tholr overtures
of friendliness nnd proralBos of "fnlr
Somobody must work, and thtiro will
always bo "working men.' A country
without workluKmoti Ih llko a farm
without stock, a woll without wator, a
homo Hhout children. Thoy aro tho
slnow and bono of n nation. Its main-
«tny and support. »n nn ngo of pro-
grfss, dvllJwtloti und education thoy
will b« consfdorcd the highest tygM-u
of physical and Intellectual manhood.
Thoy will not bo pushed nsldo.   Thoy
nro God's noblomon,    Glvo thorn tholr
'. .1. * ...«.»,4<,i,  iiiotulil, Ulll,
Oteamihlp  Captains  Report  Extrsor-
Ocean i '
CORDOVA, Aloskn, Jnn. 20.-A phc
non-tonal ohnngo In tho oourso of tho
Japan curront,,which brlngi* It closrr
to tho Alnsknn const, was reported
horo today by Captain J. C. Hunter, of
tho sto-imor Northwontorn, and Captain P. A. Obort, of tho steamer Rdlth,
arriving from Soatl>. captain Hun-
tor said tho Northwestern was set
fifty miles eastward, ahead of tho fog
running from Capo Flattery to Capo
8t. EHob. ' ^
Unusual weathor, conditions are ho-
lluve-i t0 h* A»ft. to lho change In tho
curront that has prevailed hero for
weeks.    Tho avorago tomporaluio has
boon <M degrees nbovo xoro, and thoro
fiuvo boon henvy rnlns. . ..
lUimiib tiofii thu 'iu*irlor show that
tomperaturos (hero aro 15 degroes
wnrmor than «vm l>oforo recorded At
this tlmo of tho yeur. Warnings by
wireless havo born sont to steamships
klWii   rtlii'IUrtUllllK  UmlOVH.
There is a vast extent of coal land
In AlaBka that., comparatively few
people realize tho enormous valuo of,
or what an , Inexhaustuble supply of
fuel is stored in thoso northern regions
and bo far the government has retained tho ownership, of this vast mineral
wealth.   '     ' ,'
According to the report of tho U, 3.
geological surveyors the estimated
coal bearing land ls In round numbers
12,000 square miles, of which 1200 s'nr.
miles have been surveyed.
According to tho estimates given as
tho posslblo tonnngo of this .1200
square miles, which hns boon partially surveyed, thorc Is underlying this
t.orrltory something llko 15,000,000,000
tons of conl. This does not tnlio Into
account the romnliuler of,tlio 12,000
squnro mllos that Is classed as conl
bearing land, In nil Xlnnkn has elc-
von distinct conl fields, and In thick-
nosB It vni'Ics from five lo 30 foot-
many l'lncon where It crops out thoro
nppcarB a vorltablo mountain of coal.
So far thero hns boon very llttlo
conl mined In tho territory, nnd owing
to tho severity of the cllmnto tho preparation for mining nnd transportation
will vo very expensive nnd will havo
to bo dono on a Inrge scnlo In order
to roduco tlio coHt of production down
to n ronsonnblo cosl. Uoth nnihmclto
and bituminous conl Is found In vnst
(liinntltloH, but llgnlto Is found In some
of tlio fields In lnrgo doposlts.
Thoro nro those Hint consldor that
tho most fonsalnVplan to operato this
production would bo by tho govornmont.
LOS ANOKLKS, Cat, Jan, 20.—Two
Indictments, ench containing counts of
bribery nnd attempted corruption,
wfro rotnrn<>d todny by the county
grnnd jury against Clarence 8, Dnr-
rt w, ot Chlmno, formerly chief coilit-
sel /or tho MeNamara brothers, -Tho
bill alleges that ho furnishes tho
money out of the MeNamara detenso
fund ond bribed Robert Tlnln, n jury,
man, rworn to try James n. McNa-
mnn, Ihe confessed Aynnniltnr nnd
murder, and deorg«/N. Lockwood, n
•♦-'Mremnn. Dnrrow Is o'W. on t2,0<W
Ij.-ill nnd proclalmes his tnnocep.re.
Left Win 21 Out of 20 D^lvlslons Which
They Contested—Marlnburg Ind-
dent-' Rw-allH
nURUN, .Jan, 30.—Ono of tho mom
striking fenturos of tho elections Is the
fact thnt tho clericals for tho first
tlmo since 1881 aro no longor tlie
stroiiKOBt party, and no Inntrr-r hold
tho earning voto among tho parties.
Tlm honors of tho cloning Reichstag
cor.tests fairly belong to tho lefts, who
won 21 of tho 20 districts In which
thoy contested.
In Marlnburg, Horr Von Oldenburg,
Com-erviitlvo, was defeated. Ho Is the
man who nbout a year ago said: "The
uiiii'U'ur must Uv<j power at nny thnn
to say to a lieutenant: 'Tako ton men
nnd dissolve the Rekhstag.'." Tho bit-
ternesB ennBod hy this expression, It l»
snld, brought about his dofent.
EVER STONE has rend in tlie Vancouver papers of the great,
development which will lake place this year, at Lulu Island
■across the Fraser River from EBURNE, B. C. „   '
EBURNE is a flourishing suburb of Vancouver. The Cnna-
' dian Northern Railway and the Vancouver Drydoeic und Harbor Extension Company will, it is reported, spend largo hums
in railway terminals there.
Wo have a subdivision adjoining EBURNE Townsite, anil
within about 400 ynrds of the river, the B. 0. Electric intervening.    Sidewalk and two rocked ronds past property.
Prices range from $500 lo $1,200.
As thoro arc only 32 thirty-thrco foot Lots you will need to
act quickly, as thoy aro suro to advanco rapidly in value.
I  The Cook
| always feels J
Shilohs Gun
stops co-joss iss'a.,isa!ra
I confidetii of _____
I pure and wholesome
Baking Powder
A Pttre,Grape Cream</Tartar
Baking Powder
Made from. Grapes
Put an Ad. In the Dfitrlct Ledger and boo it your ovm hit%\nt\%7 TryTiT
■    _.i
um ■ 7*.':
.■^ J--*-.-\
TH1 JJISTEIOT: LEDGER, ?BRNIE,  B,0.;,,fEBR]Df^X3l 1913.
. - -• 7,   ; .        *, , -   ' f.      7 * v. ',*>-   ■ -
.*.: Published; every Saturday, morning at its officii.
Pellat "Avenue^' Fernie, 37,C.*y'Sal)scriptio"ny$i.OO
per; year,in advance. "AnafSbellent,advertising-
medium. Largest circulation*in the.Distriqt. Ad-
rertising rates on application.] Up-to-date facilities
for * the execution of all, kinds * of- book,; job' and
color work. Mail orders/receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger,
\ H.P/NERWICH,; Editor.
Telephone No. 48:    °'      Post Office Box No. 380
'  It is time an. emphatic,protest ,*was:-made,ag'ainit
the-herding and treatment of.'pris^ners7in. the
Nelson Jail.""   We understand;Uhat;tit?cbutaihs
three times""the number it''wa's'bmlt:*f"or,^ri'd*,'thai
the sanitary conditions are' riotVof jthe^b'est.'. *\Vhilst
recognizing that prisoners•■aT^itoTt^^•entiil.fed'-tolus?;
uvious comfort,' they are,' nevertheless,j6htitledvrto
humane. comifortsy " The' tendency^nowadays *. is
towards prison reform and instead of.making, tlio
prisoner feel' that he;is an1 outcast,*,he is1 being
taught, to improve himself so that when his purgatory is finished he"can go into the world once more
and'seek an lioncst livelihood.   The methods adopted at Nelson," howeveiv cannot have beneficial results.'   What we 'evidently need in this countrv is
a few delinquent' bank managers, ice' kings, etc.
They add an air of importance to prison life, and,
of course, see that THEY, at any rate', are treated
well.1     •*    '   ■
"C»ROM time to time the populace is roused by*
„  the denial on the part of some autocratic authorities' to allow every man, or body of men, freedom of speech in .public thoroughfares'; thoroughfares that he, or they, help to keep up.     Motor
cars- and' juggernauts have free access to. these
roads to the danger of life and limb of those who
7 happen to cross their^path.     The worker, however,
has no right to them, otherwise than to walk 'on,
for which privilege in this day of freedom, enlightenment and civilization he-is no doubt truly grateful.     Occasionally "he may go a step further ana,
* finding a spot of vantage,' desires' to hold con-
.. course ,with his fellow beings.     He is soon disillusionized and forcibly told that, the-streets are
not made for the poor,' and other unfortunates seek-
" * ing honest work,, they' are made for the rich and
joyriders. 7 This' assumption is false.    Every man,
poor or rich, is' entitled to? the use of the public
streets.     Business men have their homes, libraries,
° clubs, churches, golf, links, universities, etc.,"for
„ their social, political, religious, educational and
„ amusement purposes.    It therefore follows that he
has no need of the streets outside of his business
.purposes. ; Not so the poor man,, he has none of
;*-   these,  and - consequently "out of necessity must
make use of more open places.
When,a conflict for free speech arises the business'man-is actuated from the most callous and sordid'considerations.*. On the other hand' we find
sturdy men fighting'for a principle,,arid who have
-nothing but principles to'lose; men devoted, tb a
■ cause-that-has claimed* the, brightest and best of
the human-race. For .the. principle of free,speech
-A'contemporary down the,line takes us to task
for during to poach on his preserves.    The editor,
proprietor, publisher,'printer and finaneer of that
paper is evidently laboring under an illusion. There
is.no infringement of any rule of-journalistic etiquette in soliciting advertising or subscriptions in
any place, the local paper it is always considered
being'well able to withstand such onslaughters.
But when the residents of that particular town believe in the efficacy of an outside paperi for their
advertising purposes it does not-say much.fOr, the,
value of their own paper.   So far as job printing'
is concerned we can assure our friend that no attempt ^as made to.take any orders away from hini.
', Tho checkweighmen residing fn Fernie have
now to pay two bits each way,going to and from
Coal Creek. This has' been decided upon this
'week and immediately came into effect. • It would
be interesting "to'know why.?- -Up /till now no,
quesrion was raised-on this point. By the by, a
'-heckweighmau and the superintendent at Cqal
Creek had a tiff.' The. latter, wanted to dock a
tar of coal, button the former standing up for the
miner's rights, and the gross injustice of ihe case in
question; it was passed. " But we' are ..transgressing. We repeat, .it would be interesting tb know
WHY;the checkweighmen^.have "to pay their two
bits. "       . / y" '  y h   '
■ irniD^have- cnuureu.";
The' latest fight for this principle is now going on
in Vancouver; and as usual harsh and repressive
measures are being used for,its suppression."' Right
must, however.Leventually triumph, "and-whether
the,struggle is.lpng or short it,will never-end except in one way, and that is for the" right of freedom- of speech.       •    • '     .....    (
' Our esteemed local' contemporary, draws our at"-
tention.to'an article which'-appeared in the Western
Catholic in, reply to one that appeared in the District Ledger of recent""dateV We, too, had noticed
it, buyinasmuch asit'is,not'a reply to the points
raised 'and[statements j'made by us,* we did not
consider it sufficiently important to refer to. -  -
\ We claim the indigence"* of our readers this
week for the' meagre quantity -of reading matter
contained in this issue.-^The rush of advertising
came so sudden that we could not arrange .to enlarge the'Ledger \tiis wSekY.'m fact,"weT, are .holding
over advertisement matter until next week,, when
we hope to give our'readers' an enlarged paper.
Tho Briceville .mine - disaster once
more Illustrates tho courage, and magnanimity of the coal miner when the
hazards of the business run against
'.'It Is a bit singular that ln an ago
Which has raised a numerous crop of
Wltors of stories of tho world of toll
and of physical peril tho coal miner
should havo been overlooked.    "Wo
havo  Cy ' Wurman's  englnemen  and
'Owen' WlBt'or's cowboys, Mark Twain's
iiver,pilots and Ralph Connor's lum-
• berjacks.'   P. Hopklnson Smith has
l-mmortnllzed tho submarine diver, but
tho subterranean minor who walks ln
' darkness waits his chronicler, apologist and champion.
Tho real minor Ib a vory different
person from tbo minor of popular
thought, as different as the real lumberman is from tho pleasing creations
of tho fancy of Ralph Connor. While
ho works with pick, nhovol and drill,
ho Is In reality a skilled laborer, He
may llvo In a wretched dry goods box
of a houso and bo as Improvident as
a Hummer moth, but ho Is "a man
for a' that."
Tho coal miner must perforce bo a
scientific man. ITo may not rocog-
nli-o himself from the description, but
It Is accurate. Ho knows moro about
tho behavior of gases and tho laws of
ventilation than tho uulvorslty graduate In physics. He has to know
theso thlngn; tils life depends on It,
Mvory minor Ih a practical geologist.
.. Faults, "(-llckensldes," tho Intimate
characteristics of coal, limestone, sand-
Htono and shalo, tlio peculiarities of
varloim kinds of "top" overlying veins
of rniil—nil Hwho lio Is familiarly nc-
nualntt-d with,
When n man's work depends on the
Houmluew- nf tho rock above his head
lie Is likely to havo something moro
,  than a theoretical knowledgo of tbo
Tlio minor works In a dark world.
Wye nnd oar are trained to a sensitive-
noBs tho worker In daylight knows no-
*. thing of. Ho works beneath huiulrods
'of fept of earth and rock, tils busl-
nfRs is Ui« removal of the supporting
coal, whkh tins carried nil this burden.
Forces ot magnltudo unimaginable
to tho ordlnnry man aro at work nbout
liliin all tbo tlmo.' * ITo must bring
down tho overlying' formation In tho
exhausted workings to relievo the pros-
suro ubovo hlH head, Ho must know
when and how tho ■'ground" will
'■hrenk" nnd when tho wrath of the
oarth gods Is awakened and fight U
the sdlo resource.
.   Tho miner Is not Impressive, per
haps, above ground' but ho Is a king
In his own right ln his proper realm.
No worker in the wholo fabric of modern society !s more faithful or does-
greater service ln proportion to his reward.—St. Louis Labor. '        a
' LONDON, Jan. 22.—Whllo the British landsman has joined trades unions
and has had his wnges raised somewhat In proportion to the raise ln tho
cost of living, tho British bluejacket
hns had no such benoflts, Ho belongs
to tho "Silent Navy" and lives and
moves and has his being under the
shadow of tho articles of war, subservient to the King's regulations by day
and night. From tho day whon he
dons his uniform ho ceases to enjoy
many of tho privileges^ of the civilian
of his own class, because he has bocomo a King's mun. For sixty years
he has accoptod his fato without a murmur.
In 1852 tho British ablo seaman received forty-one conts a dny undor an
admiralty circular. Ho rocelvos tho
snmo pay today. Of course, his advance nnd privileges havo nugumontod
In other directions—his food and accommodations nre bettor and ho has
rodross from harsh treatment-—but the
amount of money that ho can send to
n mother or wlfo on shoro romaltiH the
snmo, whllo Its purchasing powor has
shrunken. It Is tho snmo up to tho
hlghost ranking officer, for tlio potty
officer receives nlxty-ulx cents n day,
just what ho did sixty years ago,
Now nil Is to Ik» changed, Ono of
tho first things thnt Winston B,
Churchill did when ho Hiicceodod Mr.
MoKonna na first lo*rd of tho ndmlrnlty
wns to enquire Into tho stato of the
Rttllor, and n bill will presently bo Introduced In parliament to provide for
an Increase of pay throughout tho British navy. In speaking of hlu scheme,
Mr, Church said recontly:
Is collectlvolBm possible? At midnight last Sunday the whole property
of the National Telephone company,
including Its 18J000 employes, passed
ovor to the1 ownership and control of
tlio state. -Thero are 1,578 exchanges
and 649,976 tolophono stations, and last
yoar moro than 727,000,000 calls were
made." . For 1910 the gross v Income'
of,, tho company was 3,422,423 pounds;
the not profit, £1,105,573. "Wltb perfect smoothness, without the slightest
Indication of bustle or 'disorganization," Bays tho Telegraph, "ono of tho
biggest commercial undertakings of
rocent years passes from the possession of tho.company which brought It
into being to an Important department
of tho stato." What has Just boon
accomplished with tho telephones
could just as easily be dono with ovory
othor monopoly. Evory stop must be
tnkon to Improve tho conditions of
tho employes and to provide opportunities for advancement. Tho present
year should boo many Improvements In
tho system and a groat extension of
Its advantages. — Labor Leader, England.
A Now South,Wales millionaire, Mr
W. It, Hall, has loft an estate In thnt
region valued at £2,311,000. His will
directs thnt £50,000 shall tie devoted
to charities lu Now South Wales, nnd
Quoenslnnd. This works out nt n
llllo moro thnn 2 per cent of tho whole
sum. M. Hall's heirs will not, we
tiust, bo linpovoiUhC'd by tho reckless
generosity of tho totstntor. Mr. Hall
should have also considered tho moral
effect of his rnshnoHU, Ho has established n dnngorous precedent, The
rights of tho widows nnd orphans left
"Thoro Is a claim on tho nntlon for a | by millionaires anouid oo sateguarueu,
rucunsiiieriiiion of,the pay of the men. —Boeialist, Melbourne,
of tho fleet, and tbo hoard of admiralty
which me«te this claim Justly will certainly not sink In the esteem of tho
people whoso existence depends on
^nUsti -aipr-eniacy hltoai."
Mr, W. Card will present moving
pclturcu In tho following towns
FRANK—Monday ' and Tuesday at
Hon Amleo'a New Hall.
HILLCREST - Wednesday and
Thursday at tho Miners Hall.
WLLBVUB—1'i'ldJ.y uud 3-iturdny,
tVb, 6 and 10, in tho Socialists Hall.
miAtRMORE-Wednesday. Thursday and Friday, Feb, 14, IB and 18.
FlnoBt building between LothbiMdB<(,
i-Uni HfcUlni, iwv.*'i*'ii V.*t iV.i.UttiH., «Wt.i
tho property of Local 1058, Building
80 x 33, with concrete foundation;
basement, -40 x 33. A cash store preferred, Thli is n splendid opportunity for sny one. • Tbe coal company
h-i-re are now spending a bis; sum on
development work.
Full particular* from th«* p*cr*lary.
Recording Secy,
Hlllereat, Alts.
*v-n-* ,v, *=3
■ _ .,_ *fi.w
A Ledger Ad is Sure a Safe Investment
^M/'The price of "Sunkwt-^'pranges—-the finest -.
*Qmifruit grown—is'5no1;£igher than that -.which;'
,^Cl3.,..youhave paid foroi'sin'g'espf much less qual-; •
$$3 ^ f MadamJ-nferply ask for "Sunkist" and{,
^Of- insist' that ,eacH*'orange:y6u buy is wrappedy
»™ • iii'.a. tissue.p'aperV■marked "Sunkist." Fot£r
y Ujremy wrapper'is valuable.7 .They identify the-5-
l|""best orangesih^hefworld.'-By saving.these),
| wrappers you receive beautiful "Sunkist" silver.",
'premiums at but a trifling additional expense,'..
' Many., wide-awake women-are furnisliing*,.
their dining tables by this means. Read care-; „
fully particulars below. •    ** 7   -  - '.%*.
Seedless. Tree-Ripened Navels   ,
The choicest crop of 5,000 California groves. They'■'
"are, oranges with no seeds.1  They are solid, ripened
on the trees and picked hy gloved hands.   Juicy
and delightfully sweet.   Toe most healthful of
.all fruit.  You will get genuine vSunltlst" Oranges with the valuable wrappers by insisting •>
on them. Your family deserves this most health-.
' ful and economical fruit. .     •
;     Get This Splendid 7
Rogers^ Orange Spoon
' Save 12 "Sunkisf'orange or lemon wrappers, or
trademarks cut from wrappers, and send them to us,
with 12d in stamps to help pay charges, packing,
etc.andwe willsendyou thisgeauine Rogers' silver
oranjte spooo.!   .      „      _ . — ' '-.*,■'
Fry-'. K-«£e for 24 Wrappers
nnd 20o '*'   Excellent ouality-^senuino Rogers'
-'jiilver. .I.-'*eniutirc. Please send cash when'tho amount
is loss than 80c: on amounts above 2flc we prefer postal
note, money ordor, oxprosa order or bank draft.
14 "Sunkist" Premiums
Send for fall description, number of-wrappers and amount of 7
. cash necessary to secure each article.   .
Table Knife     "' Child'* Knife       Oyittrl'ork   , Fruit Hnife %
Table Fork    -    Bostillon Spoon     Child's Fork'   -Teaspooa -
letter! Spoon'   Coffee Spoon -, Oranjo Spoon Tablespoon
Salad Fork    .,    Bolter Spreader
Thin-Skinned, Juicy "Snnkitt" IXMOHS-Of the same
superb quality as the oranges. Economical because
"so thin-skinned and extra juicy.'Wrappers tame value
as "Sunkist" Orange wrappers; Recipe Booklet'/r«
upon reauest.   -.-.-- s- „      - * (133)
10S Sfintf Street, East. Conor Church Street, Toronto. Oat
Family Theatre
*      V ■-;.'.-■ -"Ift '   *r*    * ' - ; .   y ■    y    .-
: w new you^caiirui
' '"'*    house lighted during-the pictures,
Program for
Percy and His Squaw
Won by a Foot
Inm.—Lassie, the trained Imp dog, appears lh tho principal role
of thin picture, .together with Llttlo Mab, the tinoBt-child actor now
appearing/ Tho moat wondortulul canine story, ever pictured In
which colllo dogs seem to show almost human intelligence. '
'    '   ■     '' ■ /,
A Daughter of Italy
The White Medicine Man
Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
High class selection of
Watches, Clocks and Norelties
Uj>4o-date.   Consult Me First
Hofore having your Spring Sewing dono soo MRS. E. h. CARD, Pirot-
cho nreiimaklng and Plain and Fancy Sowing. Suits a ap«claUty.
1'rlces reasonable.     16. Pellett Avenue.
Here it is, Wailing for.U
to rrn.vr Concrete brocfc Tfonftv-;
tf rooms. Apply Wm. Mlnton.Und-
say A.ve., Annex.
SHACK.—Apply Wm. Mlnton, Und*
uy Ave., Annex.
Gel a Water Motor Washer
'  *",-v,". ■-- ,   . , ■-   *7,. ■,  7;-7v; . y    y *r 'y t
- ."and Be Haprjy; ; f
7   CyE. LWNSS
" '*   - ' "'     -l7_*,   '- v'* l t '■',*"' s y7-'7 ;l;yy
Insurance, Real Estate
an<d Loans   -S7S7
Money to Loan on first class' Business and j'Residential: property y
Mrs. S.= Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $l;50.ahd up 7
Hot and Cold Water
" Electric Lighted   '   '
y   rr?Steam*"Heatea. '-,*    ^^
.   'Phone In every room., ^
Sample Rooms on Main
7, Business Street''
Meal.Ticketsy$6.00 ;
Special Rates by the;week and
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our *,..,'
Special Sunday-
Dinner 50c
The finest, of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
Your Old Friend
,   O. ttadkn'u lio(i(8 to Inform his
old anil now fi'londfi that ho h'tu*
'oponod-up Ills Harbor BiiHlnoHg
again at tlio old uUind" (Queona
Hotel) and liopos to got tholr
continued putroniiRe,
6. Radland    Fernie
 . j S«9-jj
*■- - •siB'**-'*-»i**' y~^i;tfb&^^t$%«i£
;.-( •■' «-,   "."■•, •",•" *'-'-.:.,>4.'.
Barber Shop
'   ' •'"•   Baths 7 v   v •
... >
•Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
.  ,'.   Counter ." -7.
Hazelwood Buttermilk  *.;
y y
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.      Phone 84
or Cyphers' Iiimilintora in good condition; also 0 Imllfin Runner Duoks nnd
Drnko, nnd 200 Whlto Orplnuton Pul-
lota.   Albort Davies, Fornlo, 11,0.  tf-24
Plvo-roomed IIoiibo, altimto on cornor
of Jaffrno nmi DaHon Avoiiuon. Ay
ply. D. WIUIb,
POU SALlWi-our-roomo^ Cottage,
Lot 8, Dlock Cl, Fornlo Annex. Houso
In good condition; cheap for canlt;
$000, or termt can bo arranged,, Apply, District '.iCdgcr, •*•<■«•■«.      *•>*'.
FOR SALE-House on lx»t D. Block
it, Anne*.'' Apply R. Corner, Box
i,U Nannlrao, D, 0., or 488 Pernio.
•FOR RENT— Wrthf-rw-nW mftd#r»
Houso on Macphtrson Avenue, $20 per
month.    Apply, Creo and Moftatt.
FOR KXUliANttKr-i-wo Vioafc-sn mu
LoU in Weil Pernio for building lots
In or near Now Westminster. Alio
Piano for Bale, Apply, P. R. Lundle,
04, Uowland Avenue,
Thia by a wirpenler,
"Paw, la there any difference be-
twe«n tlvihtt Mid lumberr
"There la no necessary difference In
Und, my son: Ibey dUfer merely In
degreo of itaie In development, Por
example a nm may be spoken of aa
goM timber for somo high offlco, and
yel repreacnt nothlne but lumber when
ho getit thoro.
A Policy
Is a soldier to help you In the
battle ot llfo, Whon your build*
Ings are Insured
You Feel
Yct-i Vmivi thnt vtfibH wA f-tor*'*
may bo doatrbyod; but a policy
In our company la lndcilrucl-*
Ible. White tho houae Is burn*
lng  the   pbllcy  ehangOR  Into
Sole Afftnt for Furnlo
c i
Shilohs Gun
miieair *vo-»s couwit), euan cotet,
Ledger Ads are Winners --.*,;-:
-j   .;.\..
>--.:r|-ii.   ■'*-:-,v y 7 *vsy7,v7;;;,;7y;v7 7>,    . ,■. ^s:7■^S5#.;-"^':7v-7b;^- ' ^'77* 7.-; -"■ ,'.*- '*■"■■ 1* '-V'* ;i -"s:    -'   •'.. ."■■.'■-.;. -'•'*     ...   ■■■ :■ ;.     ■ ■,$
■<■-:.■     'I^mmm' ' '"    v "'-    ---'•"•-'  "'fJJM-''fl"i»W^-il"'"   .-^^-^ -•^-pM||iM7    m        -"  '■'--   '_/  -  ^ ■ -   J|* ,.    ^^.   y. -,.77,7*. :yy   •."*■-
*>'"-      -'  -4 "'    ^^HW   "' >—''"-       •*'■    '•'"'•   '<:--~    "■■ •"■  C>-*£■■•■* ^^"-^"ia^y" "*•-. -74^-M  %*<***B y-^y.y^-7- * "■I " "Tsl ^' iiiffiUsi' '"-^^    ^    '   ■■■■ '   mMmit -'   ^^^^"    ' '.*.-     - :-     v. *—7- 7     *'
ifcAikA AAAA**"
^¥»v »»»,»» vy***-^
^!»^»»»^am»»»^^» y y ■%>>.•■/ ¥»»¥»,»■»» » »**AMMMEfAM^AMH-
MMf ********+**-!
'y , yyMichel- B.C. 7 -' -: J:
. •* Lighted '.with Tungsten' Lamps  .„
"•       '      i       n             "-  .1'                "                      ■*>
"777 -.Ostermoor Mattresses "' **;
.a V*
"J      *:■*-,•.-' r    ■.",..-    *       j
.     .     ;*    Clean Linen                   M
ir ;
-," **- -7 S, ^ure *^ooc'      7          *
W. LFOISY 7. y Manager
The New and
Up-tp-:date Hotel
- Every, person likes tobe com-,
fortable.   ...We have the latest
. design of steam heating appa*-"
ratus In every room.    Our menu
' is the best'.    We guarantee sat--
isfaction.    Two blocks from C.,
P. R; Depot".   Old and new faces
welcomed.    * ■•
Newli/iichel.vB. C.
P. Zorrattir- Prop.
Col email
W. H. Murr   -   Prop.
You're always welcome here
'    *     i •*
Clean Rooms, Best of
.•   Food and every
O ||||U '■!      ■■■■■'—■-
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
The Cash
!..... I I        Ill     I III —IT
Hosmer B.C.
* *W*^VbMM'IV«#
Always Choi co
and Fresh
;•* ♦ ♦ ♦"♦"'•►.♦^♦♦■•^ ■♦"*'♦'
.COAL tCREEK  BY  174,
The" examination- for'' coal "miners
will take place on Monday,, afternoon,
February 5th,- in the Email "office fa -
tag the Coal Company's office. "
* .The'ITr'C. S.1 competition candle is at
present burning in the Trltes-Woods
Store up here,, so watch It 'carefully,
It Has a' long' time to, burn' to reach
some of the guesses.   , 7   .   ,.
^ John Weir got a nasty blow on the
leg wlth.7 a piece'of rock while' at
work ln No. 1 North laBt Friday, morning.'       '"',"-   _   y      .       -  *'
, Another sad accident" occurred up
here on Monday-afternoon In which
William Eden, working in' No. 1 South,
received^ terrible injuries. . He was
employed on repair work when a cave-
In occurred, and .caught "him on the
head and back, causing ji bad scalp
wound. It is feared that his spine is
injured. " He was attended by. Dr.
Workman and then conveyed to(1the
Pernie Hospital on the afternoon train
where he is at present lying in a cri-
tical.'conditlon. 7   !
Mr.- C." Sanderson and -Mrs. Mitchell,
pf Fernie, were renewing old-acquaintances ;iip.'here on Wednesday afternoon; ."• -
- The Ladies' Aid of. the Methodist
Church was reorganized last week.and
the following officers were appointed:
President, Mrs.-J. P. Mawsbn; secretary, Mrs. D. Oliver; .treasurer' Mrs.
Hartley. It was also.decided to hold
a pie supper on .Wednesday .Feb. 21,
but of this further-, particulars will
bo given later.   * -    7     . *
The mines were all idle up here laBt
Saturday and, the afternoon shift was
idle on Thursday and all off on Friday
morning'   ' 7     ',■'"■■
■ Mr and Mrs. Green, the-parents of
Mrs. Jas. English,,.left on Thursday
to take up their residence in Fernie. .
• The government men were here on
Tuesday , clearing   away ,* the . snow
which- was • sliding^ down onto the
roads.   ' ■■      , •        -' .    7 ■      '
-♦ ♦'■♦ ♦ ♦ '♦''■♦ •♦:.♦.♦ ♦ ♦
'.7.-     MICHEL NOTES ♦
drew their timeand left this week for
the prarie country. "*"-" 7 *■/■/.' .-.*
- There is quite a little [excitement
im Melville Taylor's Pool Room-these
days owing to a pool and.billiard
handicap being on which is attracting
quite a number of the"Old Michel boys
doM'ri there. - 7        , -    ..'   "   '.
-.There's a* movement, on.;* foot tb
change the.camp's name from-Michel
to. "Nothing Doing."   y       ;"    .    "•
A tare,is being taken7,of all the
mine- cars, which Is reported to be
In; the miners'. favor.-. -*. It - will have
to go, some' to off-set. the dockage
clause^,which has recently,• been enacted.-. , •„    -    . \ ' '
The moving picture shows ln Lock-
hart's Opera,House are exceptionally
good, affording a fine night's entertainment, both from an entertaining
ad-educational point. y
' Mike Halko, who has' been laid .up,
for considerable time with typhoid
fever Is-once more able^to be around.
- Richard - Jones', of Corbln,-was a
visitor here this week, looking up old
friends. , ^Dlck, we are.gladNo note,
h much improved In1 Kealth. •
Gophers .weirs seen out on Michel
Prairie Sunday owing to. the soft weather. *-. - ■ , 7
7 H.. P. Nerwich," editor of the District Ledger, - paid a visit to" Michel,
Friday, the~26th ult, on.business,connected with the Ledger."
■Friday night last the* Castle Square
Entertainers performed in Lockhart's
Opera House, much tb the appreciation of those persent. .The attendance was^ not i one of .the largest,
which.,1s tb.be regretted, as it does
not give Mr Lockhart much encourage-'
snient to secure.the services of, such
frst-class companies: ' ,<
Joe, Swindle,' who is working In the
bush at Estabrbdk's camp east of here,
had. the misfortune on Monday last
(so he terms it) "to' part company
with one of ^hls, thumbs."1 The unfortunate man was, making a wedge
with'an axe which;happened to slip,
and Joe is minus" a thumb. ^ * *
1 A meeting of the < Michel and District Anglers Association is called foi
Sunday,*' February'-,4th; ..at .7.30 p.m.
C. J. Lewis, Deputy- Game • Warden,
will be present to address the meeting.
All those * interested in '.sport' of, this
lfl-nd   chnnlrl   ntfc-nfl    •; , „	
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦':♦'♦. ♦.♦ ♦' '<£•
•♦    . -^'.i*'' "-.   7 --      ; ♦
♦ , TABER NEWS       ;      ♦
♦ ♦ ♦ ^j ♦'♦*♦♦ ♦""♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
'J The mines, at Taber are practically.
vclosed down. "The small mines have
been running bn local orders for some
time. As the weather for the last
couple of weeks" has been exceptionally fine, there has riot been much demand for coal in local quarters.
The Canada West Co. are short of
orders, at present. ' The mine worked
only three days last-week, and there
doesn't seem to be any- prospects ot
doing better this week. A.large number of the miners • are • leavHg
town. Some aro going north to the
Edmonton fields, others are going up
the Pass.        '; '     -. a    .
The Board of Trade ,afe sending a
delegation' of twenty-five members to
Edmonton to urge upon Premier. Sifton.the* needs, of Taber in regard to
railroad facilities. „ The town Is sadly, in need of an additional road, as
there' is a famine In' box -cars.
:- The-farmers in-this vicinity have
been unable to market, their wheat
as the elevators are full'and-no cars
are- available;, *'■£„''
"""The; bi-monthly pay bill,' which is
before,the house'at-present, will not
become law, if,the operators^ can prevent It.--.'The operators of this "district are also making a trip to Edmonton. " While their, object is'not made
public'""at* present no doubt .they, are
looking "after their own Interests in
this, matter.- v-     . -
<What might'have been a fatal shoot
Ing'affair occurred'a few days ago. "TA
man named Johnson-was-shot by one
of the town'"police.' Johnson, who
was doing scavenger work, was returning to' his home about, two o'clock ,in
the morning. .On,the way he had to
pass b'y-'a lumber yard. ■ -The officer,
a new man on'the force, thought h'e
was stealing- lumber, and ran up and
callarl to lira* to stop. "Whether he
heard him or not' Johnson drove off,
and the cop opened fire. The second
shot hit Johnson In the side. The
Town Council,ordered a warrant to.be
issued for.the arrest of the man;-who
did the^ shooting.' He is at present released bn.three-hundred dollar bond;'
butJS-SuspendedJronLdutv..-      ;
HoWf Thll?
W/i iiff^r flu* TfmntnM pn'tim TWiril tor nr.f
mm M ■lunrb tttl «**** bt ««»«4 if IM)r«
tituird Cut.
f, J. CHF.NEY * CO., T«*M«. O.
w«, »w i»«««s«««. i*rt *«*«•« r. i. i*»»tr
tot tM> 1»X II. j-Mi/«, »»* Iwlkfw Mia pitlrtvr tua.
ttrthm tn »U immrm tnnmtUani *n<t nniHeUUr
mu taum <Muy oW**.tta*i» tuui* by hu tan.
Kimmi nxrt. oy tjjw-imc*.
• T»»«itot, «<*».
ItittH CkUfTH Om h ttkM totrruary, ana*«
itftwrrr <ntm »im» lifW mm mwmw mtrfii** fif in*
mmi.  -t«MMM*kM «•« rm*.  rrv# ft «■» V*
kolOr.   IkM ST M HIWW
ini» nan nmxr rm» m ttmwpitym.
♦ ;♦,♦ .♦ ♦ ♦. ♦:.♦-"♦ .♦ :♦ ♦
liir.;*John* Thomas, rlate pit boss at
Corbin, arrived in camp Tuesday ac-
com'panled.-by-hls daughter. • "
^ On Manday night a dance and- supper^ got'up by the Michel-Local. S. P.
of C.,f was ;held,'ln .Mutz's^Hallivwhen
abo,ut-40 couples danced to the excellent music supplied by Llttler's'Orchestra. ' Supper was served at 12
o'clock, afterwards dancing was.. kept
up till 2 . a.m., when - all departed
thoroughly satisfied with the.night's
entertainment. '
j Sunday night Comrade Minton, of
Fernie, addressed a large and attentive meeting In Mutz's Hall. The
subject on which the comrade spoke
was "A.struggle for existence-.1'," i
: Anyone'suffering from loss bf appetite should consult Wm. Ridley, as ho
has discovered a new remedy. William has already had ono patient who
can vouch for its qualltleB.y   -
The doctors hero .are making an examination of all children attending
school. JuBt what1- 1b the cause of
this we aro unable to state, but typhoid fevor Ib very provalent at this
tlmo. . *    . -    „
, A daring holdup was perpetrated ln
Now Michel on Tuesday night about
eight o'clock ln front of tho Now Michel Liquor Store. A young Italian,
namo unknown to ub at present, pulled a gun on a Hindu hnd relieved him
of-oho hundred dollars caBh, .Information was at onco given to the
policeman ln Old.Town, who accom-
pnnled by tho relieved mnn located
tho .doBporado at his lodglngo, On
ontorlng tho Hindu Immediately recognised his nssnllant, who mado nn attempt to pull his gun, but wrb quickly overpowered by tho policeman nnd
locked up, nnd ho now awaits a preliminary honrlng,
Sunday Inst MossrB Davidson, Jon-
kltiBon and Winters who woro taking
a drlvo up tlio 1311c Valley nt tho Invitation of Dob King, had tho misfortune
to havo to walk bndc homo, It ap-
ponru they drovo to Weavor's nnnch
to look nt nomo stock, and whllo thoro
left "Kelly," nob's noted sleed, standing In the road, Now, "Kelly" being
Bpoody nnd nn ambitious sort of n
ctiBH, took a notion to bent Dnn
Pntcho's record and startod out for
town. "Hob noticing tho1' getaway
started In pursuit, but aftor having
,-«V«W     fc l» *V    »M*'lU   M*    ##W    tfUMII    ft/»4«.&,|    JyMltr
Imp the rbnw "Kelly" arrived Iii
(town wllh rig nll'Bnfo and sound, as
[also did tho party somo fow hours
later, who. tho' tired, were all able to
put In an appearance next/ morning.
led (o enquire Into tbe cause of death
of Jas. McCullum, fireman on tbo
Westbound Flyer on tho 17th Jan.,
who met* his death by his engine striking it crano at Sparwood, which,was
protruding over the main line, was to
the effect of holding tho C. P. lly.
responsible for not, having a competent foreman In charge of crane.
Hurry Ryikn nnd Matt Halt left this
•week for the Ye)]owh«ad Pass, where
thoy have secured positions. We wish
ihem. all kinds of success.
Rill Smttllman nnd Wm. Canter no'
liking fn* looks ot No. ft Inm^wall, decided to look for fresh pasture, *o
The discriminated" members in Michel are beginning to wonder whefl the
District Executive Board, ls going lo
comply with the- resolutions which
they passed concerning them—"That's
all!"   ■   -   .*    * - * ;'     '
Mr. George Melkle, editor • of' the
Michel, Reporter,"'finding his"present
time they/Wilt- reside. - \      -   -;
—London.'is'the greatest city in the
world though New York runs it close.
There" has-been a lot of skyscrapers
'ouilt during the. strike; certainly it's
on the map. Look -at Hosmer Mines
rent- roll.^ '■' y . \ ' ' ■'
"Tit-bits? has a green cover," but the
"Answers" are golden.     ., :
Hosmer Local 2497,' U. M. W. of A.
'"" Distirct 18 -
The regular meeting will be held in
the usual meeting place every Sunday
at 2.30 p.m., commencing Sunday next,
Feb. 4th, 1912, when all members are
reqeusted to atend. Business: Important. Now, boys, get together;
there's no excuse such as being on the
afternoon shift; or "I was,tired.!' The
Change has been made so that you can
all meet, together and know what Is
doing. '   ,
The meat trade is booming in Hosmer. "Just before going-to press we
heard, of another partner joining the
Hosmer, Meat Market Co. -' But why,
keep it quiet, Prank? You have said
it so many times. .„
This was heard in Hosmer Opera
House on Burns' Night:
"That's a good picture •' I have never
seen such a good one of Napoleon
Boneparte."^    ./*..-,
"Why that's Bobbie. Burns,. mon."
"Oh, I thought it was,Napoleon."
(Don't tell his ma, she might find
no "bone-part" .in, him. An'd yvv
thought him so intellectual.)
Scots wha hae tak it. in -your hands
next, time." ■ '   -   o '
Overheard at Burns' Night dance:
"The Scotch ought to feel highly honored at being * allowed af such a'
dance!"-7-Oh, indeed! ■/
; It has just "leek"ed cut that Mr., —
is going.to hold St. David's Day on his
own','and have a right old time. (Gallant little Wales!)
.We are sorry to' announce, that "Tlt-
Bits'Ms leaving us, having secured a
position on the" Pass Record.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦> ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ .♦
♦''"-, "   "♦
♦ -   ...By "Concertina Joe." "       .♦
promises too' small,' moves into the
Samerton Block on April 1st, where
he will Install ah" up-to-date plant.
*A caso of wife beating occured In
New Town Tuesday night, and the
culprit, Ignace Hanger, was lodged ln
gaol; Just how he beat her and what
he beat her for beats us at the time
of writing,     y  7
A,business meeting of the Mlchol
Local S.' P. ot C. will bo hold in Mutz's
Hall, Sunday, the fourth of February
at 10.30 when all comrades are requested to attend.
. Mr. Joseph Mason and family have
movod Into houso 137.  *,
On Tuesday afternoon tho men
working in the longwall work In No.
3 Mine, had to run out leaving their
coats, dinner buckets, etc. The reason for their sudden departure was
that tho wholo roof of that section
qt the mine started to work.
(And then thoy grumble about "Nothing Doing!") r
-A regular meeting of the Town
Council .was, held on Tuesday night.
A committee'from the miners' union-
was ^present.to urge upon the Council,
the necessity of a hospital in the community^ -Under present conditions, a
person to get proper treatment has to'
go 'to .Lethbridge, at a. big, expense.
Mayor Douglas''explained to the committee that the town had already voted four thousand dollars for a hospital, but that they found was Insufficient for their plans. However, he
promised that they would include in
their estimates this year enough to
complete the building- and that they
would begin work as soon as tbe weather permitted. The committee also
brought to the attention of tho council
tho unsanitary condition that prevails
in tho water system. -Tho board of
trado had a representative at the mooting to ask for an appropriation to
help out advertising purposes,'
The Council has undor consideration
a plan for an agricultural fair ground,
The ostlmated cost Is Bomowhero
around ten thousand dollars.
* By "Tlt-Blts,"
The Masonic Lodgo Is giving a
grand ball on Feb. 2nd, and overyono
Is looking forward to a good tlmo,
Colomnn Ib losing ono of Its old and
respected clttssonB In tho person of Dr,
Wcstwood, Ho Ib moving to Princeton, D.C. Hla many frlonds will mlsn
him as ho has boon tho medical mnn
In this camp ho, long. Wo all wish
him and IiIb family ovory success In
their new homo.
Coleman Local Union has Installed
a moving picture machine. It la owned and controlled by tho union, and
thero is no doubt that It wll. bo a good
success na good pictures aro put on
nnd with tholr good operator Illleum
tt ahotild pay well.
The mines havo boon Idle the past
two days for want of cars. "
Tlioro has boon Quito a numbor of
wuuditiKB around hero this week, somo
of our foreign brothers having tnkon
to thcmoclvcs a helpmate, There's
nothing llko it, boys; keep tho good
work going. We wish you and your
bnppy brides ninny yoara of happiness
and success,
Mrs. Fred Hopkins and her sister,
Mrs, Scott, of Lothbridgo, woro vlilt-
lng frlonds in town thia week.
Mrs. Sparks und Mrs. Ocbo, of Blairmoro wero tho guests of Mrs J. Lonu-
bury on Tuesday evening,
There wns quite a bad accident at
Mclean's Mill last night. One of
their -imployoi getting his arm bndly
Your advertisement li your shop
window? Well you can't carry that
•round, bnt tho IMnar does get Ihcr*.
Jack Donachlo has quit HoBmor and
gone to Corbln, Wo wlBh him the
bOBt of luck.
' On Bums' Nicht, Jan. 25th, a concert
was hold In the Opera Houro and a
flno programme waa carried out. Tlio
boIo "Angim Macdonaid" by Mm, Anderson In her native dialect was groat
ly appreciated; also tho song "Coming
thro* tho Rye/ sung by Miss L. Whlto,
who wnR In splendid form. Tho Highland Fling by Mr. Mlllor waa "rool"
Jack Parkin haa quit lho mlno and
has Bocured ti position aB wnnhor boBU
at tho tlpplo. Jim Ritchie Is washer
boss at tho mlno,
J, Ungar got IiIb fingers crushed In
tho mlno on Tuesday.
On Wednosday ovenlng last the
memboiB of thn ProBbytorlnn Church
held a Racial In the Opera Houso, when
a sodn] lnador-o
n very enjoyable ovenlng was spent.
Madamo Sylvia, tlio famous American
P<*i!ml«t, who Is touring tho west, kindly co-jsentcd to spend, a tew hours in
llui-u^i, at.-.! »'.i.v "Wi'l huhy *.'U'<,f,>'ut*.
those who wanted to learn their futuro
by having tholr palms road. (I»y the
W, I" not pnlm-lntry a llttlo out of
him at tho Queen's,
Heard In ■ Store
Cleik; "We have nomo very nice
breakfast food."
Customer;   "You cat it with-  msy
fustomor:   "How do you oat It?"
Clerk: "You eat It with aurprlse.
llkf von do hnsh, nnd Alr.t>nt tt with
(Published with apologies to his
I Million!,)
(For the benefit of Gaelic reader*
ihfl "key" to above will be pablUhed
nott week—perhaps.—Ed.)
Mr. Fred Wliollcy and family, left
yesterday for Calgary, whillro for n
(The labove> columns are open for
queries of liitefeEJt to our readers, and
not for, petty grievances, or impertinent questions as'to .what Mrs. Maryle-
bone's new Jiat 'cost." * Don't send
itenTB-you cannot, append your name
itand have, done with it; don't make
any" insinuations ."or suggestions you
are;not perpared to,back up; no washing* of dirty, llrien" here, at least'not until we IntroduceGhmese type—Savve?.
-*Lucio, -I Scream "O.—I have, enquired at the'Queen's-Plcture Show. ...That
may have- been your brother whom
you saw in Ubo.'picture thrown, upon
thfe screeri.y By the by, wero you
there on-Saturday night? There was
a scene, "Emanuel the Smuggler." You
might, have 'recognized some ono In
that picture. A voice was heard' (?)
to say: "Hurry up with them lagging*",
Tony!".  '-"*'.,- , '■ ' •„
Poet Cards.--rlt ls very annoying getting your mall In tho wrong box and
vice versa.' 'Make a kick. But—or
— have you, paid for your box yet? Oh,
of course, of course; beg pardon!
Mount "Hosmer.--As you aro rather
high up you might bo able to hustle
a job $2,50 or $3.00 a day and nothing
to do; Is that.what is wanted?
Wall Flower writes that alio Is rather shy on tho near side ot thirty, ana
would like to meet with a nice young
man, as she Ib afraid sho will bo loft.
Sho has met a young man of 19 years
of ago, whom sho llkos very much;
but she thinks tho difference In tholr
ages a stumbling block. My dear
Wall Flowor, yours Ib ii protty name
.—(Don't tell the mlssoB)—don't bo too
shy; now'n your chnndo, romembor the
year, thero Ib certainly a dlfferenco In
your ages;,you will bo able to'leach
him a thing or two; In fnct you will
bo like a mother to him.
Old Maid—Did you try tho Leap
Yoar Waltz; If you did not succeed
then your ense Is hopeless,
(Owing to proHHure No, no; tho
typesetter quit!)
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦,♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ <•«>
. The funeral of William Clough took,
place'Friday, 26th, at, 3 pm., from
Union Hall, Rev;' H., Pearson of Hur-
mis, conducted the service in {he Hillcrest Cemetery.
Mrs. George Crulckshank, arrived
home from the East last week.
Meeting of those Interested in starting a co-operative store was-held Friday night when the committee,to arrange .to canvas the town for the purpose of knownlng how much money
could be raised was appointed. Tho
committee received guarantees of
$6,000, so a co-operative store in Hillcrest is. an assured fact.    * ,
A. dancing . class was started this
week in the union hall by Prof. Ferguson of Coleman. He has quite a
number of pupils, most of them pretty
tough ones, too.
' Mr.- Syd Thomas left this week for
the north country. He intends to
settle down for a short time at Jasper
The Ukaranians of Hillcrest have
started a school to learn English.
They have secured a teacher and are
paying him seventy-five dollars a
month. School hours are 9 till 11;
and from 5 to 7 each day. The Ital-y
ians also intend-starting a school to
learn English as soon as they can get
a teacher. Who. said Hillcrest was
not the most progressive town in the
Pass? even the women of this place
are carrying on a vigorous campaign
to send the men every, Sunday afternoon to the union'meetigs, as. a few
of ( them have declared war on the
stove, bed and the bottle during meeting hours. ,    '"    '   * " -
(Ed.—Good for "you, Hillcrest women.     Hope the movement spreads.)
Within the next few weeks Hillcrest
will have another butcher store, as It
i. srumored that Benny' Reeves, _P.
Burns' manager here, is going to work
for* the 41 Meat Market, it being the
intention of-this company to'open a
branch store. Reeves. is, well" liked
and a hustler, and no doubt will make
good. 7'    7        -„     y- ■ •*   -   :
Mr. C. P. Hill announced his inten;
tion of "paying special attention  .to
that- she has a coachman "already engaged.^, -That's the" way to win. .,
We are sorry that Mr.,Bailey, Master Mechanic, intends to put' a stop
to the ladies' pugilistic encounters,' as
he is going to fix all the water tapB,"'"'
•To find a wooden god.:
To find a good union man working
through the strike and not paying a
cent of dues to the union:
To find a good union man that will-
go to a new camp and ask for work
before the agreement is signed. ■
To find a good union man, coming
to a strange.camp ana starting to
work when most of the men belonging
to that camp had stayed there fighting for seven.months, and are trying
to get reinstated at their work, and'
have been defeated on account of you,
and the likes of you, accepting their
To find a good union man', that, will
break his obligation not to accept a6
brother's job, and  see his brother's
little children going around with no
shoes and but scantily dressed.
.,1 0 '
To find a good union man that will
chase the operators during strike time ,
to try and get a job with them.
To  find  a  good   union   man   that
would get a-promise of work during
a strike.       . "'  *
s.   ■
To find a good union man that will
live on the miners' tducs and when
working himself> expect to be a mem-
ber.ln good standing without paying
his dues. *
.*.' Will answer it next week by producing a photo, maybe, of tbis person who
thinks that he's belter than even a
"wooden god.'     .   '
•»*-•»♦«-•»♦ ♦ ♦ + + ^ +
♦ '..<■ . ♦
♦ GENUINE; SNAP—One lot ♦
♦ at  EDSON,*; Alta. 7   Well   in ♦
♦ townsite; owner must sell at ♦
♦ sacrifice; present price of lots ♦„
♦ $150 to $175 -will take $100 ♦
some parts' of our cemetery this summer. Good for you; get busy, „as
there's no telling when you will become
a resident there yourself.
• -.Miss Edith Taylor Is leading by a
good majority-In "the Winnipeg Telegram competition for a horse and buggy.     So confdentof winning Is Edith
*>   cash';   "The-G. T7P7~rb~und~
*>   house was completed-at this •;
♦ - important point last year, and .
♦ „ it is now the junction for the ,
♦ Grand    Prairie    and    Peace -
♦ River.   Prices bound to soar;
♦ this Jot can be sold-in a few
♦ weeks for $175 to $200. TAp-
♦ ply. Box 542,' Fertile, B. C.
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
importers of
and Dealers in
Domestic Groceries
Agents for Steamship Companies. New Michel, B.C.
. It Is said that fooln nlwnyH nHk
ndvlco, but novor act upon It—but wo
prosumo thoy don't all consult lnwy«r«.
Our Motto
Satisfaction or Money back
A Trial Order is Solicited
Gity Lots, $400 and $450
Payments   Easy
i. i
For full particulars apply to
Union Land Company, Ltd.
■ Ci.- '*/,-*"■
JX. -.   ' ,'c ' •"*
*.- v    -i.^-i^r'-.si-iftr1.',"-'--'
...... ." , >■*--- T-"  -'    ,' *. ^ . -
FAaiKS x
.. *. .<, ,^y.?y   -.,,-,„.   .- ,,
B. 0., FM1TJABY 8,IMS.
-.7 **'r-'V''-"'-*    '    .*-■"*■ V.
-=■-,     7v--"
SIR EDMUND WALKER, aV.O., U-D^ D.GL, toriiMftV '
CAPITAL, - $l6,bb0fl00 ^-^ito.'-.-'",$WKM»0
Every branch of The CansdUn Bank ef Coauaero* la equipped tb issue drafts oa*
the principal cities ia the following eoaatriM wiUKMCt delay i
Cnl*     ' Gram N«r £a!uf
Africa . . . ..  	
Arabia -     '* Caba -  HaOaat '•    Nonray
Argentina Republic Doamark Ipdui ' Paaeaa
-Australia Krrpt .   laifia Ptnia
Austria.Huaffaiy   FumMudB **      Irdadl >. Pen
Belcium Finland Italy PiffippiM lalaadc
Brazil . Formoaa ' > Japaa Portajai
Bulgaria Francs Jara RoamaaU
•      Cevloa ,;     Fi-chCodaaChioa Malta Rnada '■-
<-" Chili--    --' ','Germany      i        Mandmrfa Scrria :
China Great Britain Mexico - SUa
The' amount of these drafts is stated ia tha maacf of ttie country -where they are payable ; that is the/ are drawn in sterling, francs, marks, lire, kronen, florins, yen,
Uels, roubles, etc., as the case .may be. Thia ensures tbat the payee abroad will
receive the actual amount intended. .   <•     A233
Soudaa   ■
South Attea
. Spain
Sweden   -     i
Turkey „ -    *    '
Waited States
Uruguay ',-
Wast Indies, etc.
■^S'.J^y ■^'■<^'y?Ss';';^~Q^   S.y   ::'yy :'Jy/'"^" 7'
r * .--*--»»-,.-S^.- --.-_!*->:*'' -"- v.' -,;■-.%... t'- .■' -. /.'-* --* .-.", -**''-. -..'".'5*t --.--r-*-- j .\A>- .*■>. ..'»•*:.-;.■.*-- '-.*■-•, t
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-. „--' y-*V '--*;' ...-■'?*.' ":"-7v,'-*-: 7y*"- --«-"-'.y-V ■ '■***'* .^Vi-t^.^'VfcV-iw-SS** •■ -." *
>v2*l*-   "■•■; ; '■-^^--•-■^-'-7> i-7..^7>~..;J-;^:-LV-n^;-*';v; ^v'';;, '.^ ---    ,~, : *.**'^.,;A-..>-'■ *. , S
■aSMIH|iMSSSBHJBBniaM^HBHMttnMHMnMM«MMiMa^h9Ba^BMnn«aMBaaBt^nMnke^^ainBaaiMMB^MMHnMMIM'>SBISBMr^ "■Mr    .
Peace of the World Assumed
L. A. S. DACK,  Manager.
Capital Paid Up ....' $ 2,870,000,
Res. and Undivid'd Profits   3,500,000'
Total* Assets    44,000,000
Many a fortune can be traced back
to the day its owner deposited the
first dollar in a Saving Account.
The one. dollar affords an Incentive to deposit more-—and, as Interest is added to principal, the small
sum * grows more and „ more • rapidly
until it" finally becomes a competence.
- One Dollar will' start ah'account
with the Bank of' Hamilton.
J. R. SLOAN       . -       Agent, Fernie.
Head Office:
If there is money owing Jo you by any
person, or firm, in Canada, or tbe Untited
States, make out a* draft against* them and entrust it to/ the Home Bank for Collection.
The draft will.be promptly, presented for payT
ment and, the amount collected will be paid,
to you without delay. The "Home Bank has y
Branches and Connections throughout Canada
and correspondents everywhere in the United 7
l.£\ 4-r^r.—
BERLltf, Jan.' 27—Tbe political'complexion of the new Reichstag as determined by the final result of the new
33 reballots taken today, is shown "by
the general party groupings as follows,
the subordinate and allied factions
being included,'for convenience, with
tne parties with which they generally
vote*    ■' ,       "
Socialists, 111; ..Progressives non-
Socialist groups, 95, including 46 National Liberals; 42 "Radicals, including
people's party and seven Progressives
and others; Clericals, with Polish, Alsatian and Hanoverian" Partlcularists;
122; Conservatives, with allied parties, 70 Independent, 1. *""
. The results' completely overthrow
the working majority of the Conservative Centerists or "blue black block"
in the last Reichstag, which is now.
able to muster only 191, counting every
possible vote, and places the control
in the hands of the National-Liberals,
wbo will be able to form a majority
by throwing their * strength in with
either the right or left':1     / -7 '
This makes the National -.'Liberal
leader, Ernest Bassermann,' a commanding figure in the next Reichstag.
They will be able to swing certain
avowed National-Liberals, who, under
proper inducements, would probably be
prepared tb^co-operate with the govern
ment on* most questions. The hostility
of the other progressive groups to the
so-called-"reactionary'" block, apparently Is too great, for any working understanding - except' on questions of national defense and the increase of the
army and navy.
Interviewed after his election at Pots
dam, the seat.of the Kaiser's suburban
palace, Herr Liebkhecht, leader of the
Socialists,-sand:, "You'.ask me what
wlll.nbwbe'.the attitude and influence
of.the Socialist party iri the Reichstag?
No party has ever been so powerful in
the German'parliament since the foundation of the empire. Our influence,
therefore, will be enormous,*'and-we
will have ^o, be reckoned with, but vre
must'act with, prudence and so avoid
giving-patriots'any pretext for dissolution's.'"    -/,'*.*     * '   v      a*%*    '"
"The peace'pf the world is;now as-
(illrt/lrl JlW^Acar^ii nn w% <.4-nl1 4-"U a H*at\11 a _«.«.	
with confidence.'" •    ' * •   '
party, as urging the emperor' to end
the fatherland's;enervating"* era" of
peace and lead it'forward to hew deeds
and' new goals. 7     '' ..*>     -.■ *v
"Only the diversion of a great war."
says Die Poste, "can arouse the best
powers of the nation and subjugate the
inferior qualities which find expression
in the Socialist election victores. Germans .have never "thrived while enjoying .even less peace. - "•   ,
"The German nation never yet refused loyally to- follow the kings and
emperors, and especially along the
paths that- led, to heights. Even
though four million misguided citizens
voted for the party which; would dethrone the kaiser and destroy the
monarchy, the kernel of the nation
remains true to the sovereign.
"Let them not be in doubt on that
score. . Let them know that the
shadows'wlll disappear the" moment he
calls^upon his people for great political deeds. . That it may happen soon
Is ever the wish on the,kalser's birthday." '>. .,'
'-       LAB'OR LUitlJXTIQ$^...y
' ' ■ ■ . .'i'-' •:' y*~\ * .'.  ■•-
..'■-*   '*•- " ■"■;**     ■', ?•;   * y
Many AmendmenU Prepared to Free
Union Men From Irksome -Xets-7'.-.
Story Includes Fratricide and Robbery
of Jewels of Black Virgin
* OTTAWA,, Jan7l8.---A: varied pro-'
gramme of desired legislation has been
prepared by offocere dtthe:.Trade'and
Labor "Congress and.U'betng advanced'
here by J. M. Odonahue, .counsel-for
the congress.       -',. t.. ■'."' ■ '■ 7 . - -. - -\ 7
-'Changes are asked in the Lemleux
Act, Railway Act' and" Lord's'Day Act.
The amendment to "the-Lemleux "Act
is designed to"free members bf trades'
unions from what* they declare to be
the burdensome,petition'of "the existing
law as interpreted by,the Nova Scotia'"
courts. ' y ' ' ' • '   y ,"
The Lord's Day act is the subject bf
two proposed amendments to permit
union musicians to play on"Sundays
and giving all cooks", waiters, etc., in
hotels a legal right to one rest day in
seven. The amendment asked for in
respect to Railway acts are, more, nu-
merous. They, will,- If enacted, * empower the railway, commission to exercise jurisdiction- ln the manner ,bf
the length of railway sections, will
provide for protection of carmen and'
will require equipment of cars with inside ladders for use in,case of accident' -.   ■    .       -,'•',-.
7' -* '•-!-.-.'-,/-»>i.';" "ti -> v-
Vi,-'K\' -:-f
*w . [-y -   '  "" ~ *" ?r. (* •*'"*';     . Vt       f   <»
Is Npw Opened
Clean, Cosy, and very
7    , Inviting 7
Just the place after the
show or from theTink.
Fred. Armstrong
y,.---.*.,-y *y-
"T* 7-t'
Off le**:i- Ksndf ntiiiBIsek, Fernlai B.^^    ;,
7--7'iHMre:;.M9:u;ij;S[-t*'i. ■ :- ;y,f7 Xrf,
'■BMldenct: ^'i^victerlft Aywua.'
■-*- --.'.*"..= &'-
,'y.ys,", ;l" p.-ECK8tEiN •..;_ __
V" i. , BarVl*ter-at-Lawf 8bUciter,"',  i77
,'* *"''---.' ,*i .''N/'i'.- -v .-?-.■;.y;-y >'*
'-. '-I
PivC. Lawe.>    7     ." AJex; j.'.Fisheiy
""';   .'■■ LAWE/&"FISHE^.-7-,.^>^y
". ■     •'"•"' ATTb"RNEYS'7"*:77y.;-7-"';",7'-
7 7-'   .      ■■■''.»  -.-777 .", "'.';,
,*-.. , ^*~-       Fernie, B. ,C. y."     :',--,
7'     ■ ,\t.    H.   PUTNAM
1   " " " '    r i"   * ' i
,   -     7",     -,-..      * -n,  .    .
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary .Public, etc.
) -
J. F. MACDONALD, Manager.
Branches and connections
Fernie Branch.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund ....
.6,000,000      Capital  Paid  Up      5,996,900
5,996,900      Total Assets    . 72,000,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
VANCOUVER, Jan. 21.—According
lo tho figures up to tho end of December tho Canadian Northern hns ex-
ponded $5,000,000 on railway construe-
toln In TirltlBh Columbia, 95 per cent
going for labor nnd Buppllea, most of
which woro purchased In Vancouver.
Tn January It Is expected tho disburse-
montH will be about $ 1,000,00,
According to a San Francisco dispatch, tho negotiation* by Mackenzie
nnd Mann looking to the purchase of
the Western Fuol Company, whleh
have boon' proceeding tho past week,
only await tho signatures of tho papers
to complete the transfor. **
It Is stated that Mackenzie & 'Mann
may pay $4,500,000 for tho properties
of this $1,000,000 compnny of which
John L. Howard, of San Francisco ls
chief, and which is said to control the
con.1 buHlnosB of tiio Pacific coast.
A. 13. Hepburn of Vancouver, A. 11.
Dlckenstetn, of Toronto,-a partnor of
tho oldoBt son of Sir William Mac-
konzlo, nm conducting tlio negotiations,
Speaks of Diversion of a Great War
.' and of Enervating Peace' -.
NEW YORK/Jan. 29—A"' special
cable .Jrom , Berlin to tbe New York
American--,this' morning quotes Die
Poste, the. organ*of the German war
CZENSTOCHAU, Russian'. Poland,
Jan..29,—An ecclesiastical scandal, en-
tailing fratricide, robbery of the jewels
of the famous Black Virgin of this city,
the elopement of a monk with a notorious woman and the origin of a dissolute circle.of monks in the Pauline
Monastery of Czenstochau is expected
to be revealed in court next • month,
when Father'.Damazy Macoch is placed-
on trial,- accused of theft and homicide,
The case-Is attracting enormous in-"
terest throughout" Poland. Its commencement dates back nearly three
years when the discovery was made
one morning that the magnificent jeweled offering's,itb'the Black* Virgin"in
the 'Czenstqch*au;R6man Catholic cathedral were missing. Thetfigure of the
virgin, formed but of ebony, is one of
the„most-famous-ecclesiastical statues
. PARIS, Jan. 22.—The ninth national
congress of the French Socialists party
will- be held on- February 18, 19,' 20
and 21.      '    -'..       • ■
The principal questions contained In
the order ofthe day will relate, to'
the campaign against anti-Semitism,
the agrarian' question, the formation of
a municipal program, the revision of
the statutes (the constitution) of the
party, and the organization, of the
Young Sociali'ss.  ,     '
Various other questions have'been
proposed for' discussion, but it is doubtful if they can be reached-at this ses-,
sion.' Among these are the ,high cost
of living, the campaign against alcoholism, the' conditions of labor .and
wages in Algeria and the-Algerian na-"*
tlve question in-its relation to the Socialist party. - - * ,   .   , ' "'
Bar supplied with' the  best Wines,*
y. Liquors and Cigars
in- tne^woriarTit" isTaldToTfave^beeK"
discovered by, St. Luke and ls credited
with many-marvellous miracle workings. It is. visited; yearly by 200,000,
pilgrims 'and-gifts valued atP?3,000,000
adorned the statue, having been sent
by priests, etaperbrs) king sand private individuals throughout many centuries.        '"",.
LONDON,'Jan. 30.—At an enthusiastic meeting/at Queens Hall recently,
Reginald McKenna said that early in
the, coming-session of parliament.he
would introduce a-bill for thedlsestab-
lTshment ana^^isen73bwmenr_'of77The
Church of Wales. All the reserves of'
the government, he said, would be used
to carry the measure into law.
- The home secretary was Interrupted
for -fully .20, minutes, by .suffragettes,
many of whomwere expelled from the
hall by ..the stewards amid Bcenes of
extreme noise.    ' ..   ,'.-,.      .    ,
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross &• Mackay ?»
■ - <t **• -.      *.,        * f
* "* -v-. y_ * • "-..* y ■;
„» A. McDougall, Mgr ':
1   ■■        -■' 7. ••:•::■.•>-,•.-    ■■"•■
1 '   - ■* *" i <■«"    , **r7       ^*- .
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber'
Send lis your orders
! *•■■
Nowhere in the'Pass can be
found in such a ^display of
Quebec Brotherhood Waits Upon Gov-
.   ernment and Makes Important
'. Request bf Minister
Operation far Piln Fallid
ttm-Dnk Was Then Tried and Worked
• Cure.
Writing front Poplar, B.C., Mrs. a
Hanson, wife of tho proprietor of tho
Commercial Hotel, cays: "I suffered for
year* with blooding piles. The pain was
wy bad at time* that I oould hardly
walk, and ordinary remedies seomod
utterly unable to give mo any ease,
Finally I decided te undergo an operation, and went to tho Saorod Heart
Hospital In Spokane. Thoro thoy performed an oporatlon and did all thoy
could for mo, For a tlmo I was cor*
l&lnly bolter, but within twelve months
tbe troublo darted again and the piles
became as painful as ever. I tried
Unlmonts, bot poultices, various 'pllo
......    I     n ..  t     f.    1 «,,,.l|l » .1
*-.** i*.,     ».«..»    *mm\.>m    ^ ti,. f ......ff     A    VWW.^
think would bn llUMy tn An atiy rood,
but still 1 continued to suffer, and tho
shooting, burning, ntlnsln^ pains, the
dull, arhlntr and wretched, 'worn-out'
feellmr that the dlseoao causes continued na bad as ever.
"One day I rmA alKWt 7Am-Tlnk nnd
tto-aujt'iit I would try ii. Tne firm one
or two boxes gave me more eaae than
anything; else I bad tried, «o I went on
with tho treatment In a short time I
began to fool altogether different and
bettor, and I «w that Zam-Buk was
going to cure me. Well, I went on
oalng It, and by the time I bad used
■ia boxoa I waa delighted to find my-
aelf entlNdy cured. That was tbrsa
years aga, aud from tbuu ia Ui-4 prweat
time tlutf* bam been do return of thi
trouble.'-      \
Zan4fak J« a wre ear* for pitasv
•etema, ulcera, tbaceaaec, cold oorot,
ebappod "bandsi, rarlooaa aor«si, burm,
•e*Msi, brxfatm, f&flu&erd jmltbm, and
all akin Injuria and! tiamam. Df«w
ftasw and «tor«i eTerywbfre, «t>c. bot,
«r JUtn^tttk Co.. Toreato, tor vtloa
Bafua harmfu) itibtUtuUgv
Ily Irwin Tuelcor
Three lnborors stood by tho Vatican
Peter, nnd Paul, nnd John—
Whllo llio Pontiff wont forth In Imperial  HtillO
Ills cnnlliml'g liaU to put on.
lie shono In tlio Bunllglit with Jowoled
And hla prelntun In purple and ermine
nnd red
Held   a   wonderful canopy over his
(Thoy wore raggod—Paul, Potor and*
And they thought of one's head that
wim circled with thorns
To the cry of "Deltoid him, your
WIioko robes, thouKht of scarlet, was
sputtered and torn,
J\m\ wbo tiled Iroin the ncourge's aharp
"Tlio people aro.starving 'mid all this
And tbo cry Is not 'Love,' It Is 'Pay,
children, pnyl'
Cnn thin h<j tltn Vlrnr1~-velint a cliaage
since our day!"
SM Peter lo Paul and to John.
QUEBEC, Jan. 27.—Some Important
requests were made by the. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers of Quebec tn a series of resolutions they submitted to Hon. Mr, Tnschereau, minister, of public works, Tho engineers
want n regulation by which a man talcing charge of a locoraotlvo should not
bo called upon to work more than' fourteen consecutive hours a day, nnd have
an eight-hour' dny, Thoy also recommend that it be a misdemeanor on tho
part of tho compnny to plnco mon in
lho position ot locomotive engineers
unless ho has passed by way of experience ns a fireman, Among other
thing-* thoy recommend that nil railway employees bo paid at least twlco
a month.' Hon. Mr. Tnsclioronu replied thnt most, of tho requests seemed
reasonable, and they would bo given
due consideration, tic staled, however, Hint n fourtoon-hour service rulo
wns not In forco anywhero in Canada,
and thut In tho United Stales, whore
thoro was a limit fixed, it was sixteen
Big Interests Last
Stand Behind Judges
Everybody's Begins Expose of Bench*
Methods; Court Opinions Written
In Corporation Offices
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27,—Inquiry
Into the "Monoy Trust" hits bocomo
ono of the most Imposing problems
boforo the Democrats of tho houso, nnd
thoro Ih difference of opinion among
them ns to the wisdom of such an Investigation ns Is proposed in tho resolution Introduced by Representative
Lindbergh of Minnesota, Representative Henry, of Texan, chairman of the
rulou uommltton, todny took tho position thnt tbo Inquiry was Imperative.
..r<»,**    *..*..*•   ...1   tavv.    ...    vv,,*»
Or. de Vanff Female Pllla
AfilUbUFr*Mlin««Ut«rtMttf fetti. Tta«
-puis ua WMdIatI* fwmtihi ta r«r»Utt*f IM
•a of tht ttmtit tyvtca. Mttioa
Or. *i»ru-| tn *nM ti
geatratlit ponmu oT th* ttmt.
«il cit*ai> Imluiloat,  I)
Tfc««««l»l! Uract**
For Bale at Bltssdsll's Drug Mars.
M»-.Ul i» any *M**t.
Commission    of    Conservation
May Probe
That the commission of conservation
of whleh Hon. Clifford Sifton Ib chair-
liiftli, »ft *t>iU|n>«v.i^ \u \u&hvs Mi teii^vtiO
Into tho cost: of coal Is Indicated by
a (otter which has been received by
tho accretary of the Kolson Iloard of
Tbe board Is asked to forward to tho
commission st Ottawa all tho Atitn thnt
It postosftca regarding tha cost and
dislrlbtitlon nf fw»l In thla twlton nt
British Columbia. This communication will bo brought before tho meeting of Iho board on Feb. 8.
NEW YORK, Jan. 80—The most sensational and vitriolic attack upon the
Judicial system of the Unllod States
In its history will bo mado by C.P.
Connolly, lawyer nnd magazine writer,
In tho issue of Everybody's Mngazino j
for February. Connolly says ho hns
worked for several years gathering
BtatlBtlcs to prove his contention that
"tho big business Interests havo ro-
treated Into the courts and nro going
to make their last Btand behind tho
He characterizes tho result of his
Investigations ns "an astounding tnle
of judicial perversion nnd mnlprac-
"I shall prove," writes Connolly,
"that when the lilghosL courts of cer-
tain Btatos havo rendered lliolr doclB-
Ioiib, sometlmos unanlmoualy, powor-
ful political leudora—either In person
or by nltornoy, linvo mado tholr entrance Into court;'and that thereupon
tho Judges, llko puppota nt tho ond or a
string, hnvo In matters of vital lm-
portnnco turned comploto and undignified BoinorBimlts, rovorHlng their previous decisions. rl
Henchmen as Judges
. "Judicial opinions of our hlghost
courts havo been written in tho offleoa
of the legal depnrtmonts of railroads
nnd othor big corporations, Mnny
judges aro political henchmen who
have pared and twlaled tbe law for
tho protection of a favored fow. This
-uirupuon of our courts prevails in
O'ijJ' Uvilhii, uthi ii ia b«*c\-uW<i& UWiW
and moro difficult for the poor man to
g^t a dfdilon against a corporation,
"Kvll deolBlons by tlio highest courla
of nny stnto do not poison tho Btroam
wJ kit.  ilk torn, *-t«l« rtH)fiis,  U*.*'.1?  lion
from commonwealth to common wonlth
corrupting tho entire legal tystom of
the country, Once out of Its environment there is no suspicion thut behind
any decision waa a foul Influeneo."
Connolly ihon rlttn many fnsti»nr-*»
which he says prove* his case and saya
Hint WfHiiw. of tfi/y •JrnO'wlrtdffo of thAnn
evils many judge* bellev* that critic-
l«m of the courts Is "heretical and
Tkthtt, do lawym 1*11 Ibe IfBtbr*
"IV-v, uif hoy. hnwy+n wflf do nnr
thine to *tn a case,"—Washington
SAffoAh Gup6
21?S"llI V0** fouoHa, euata eotoa,
\VASHINGTON, Jan. '27,—The Na-
tlonal Association ot Manufacturers
sont two of their-agents to Europo for
the,purposo of making an oxtonslve Investigation relative to tho subject of
"nccldent prevention and relief." These
agents have filed n very comprehensive roport. In tho Introductory words
of chapter 13, they make an astonishing admission and give this recognition to the. powor ot lnbor.In. Great
Britain. "Tho British Compensation
legislation sprang Into bolng at a time
when the public attention was being
cnlled to tlio legal and economic hardships of the Brltlabworkmon, Tho
rise of tho Labor party gavo Btrongth
to a protest and a domnnd, tho 'one
complaining of tho legislation of tho
pnst, nnd tho othor proposed mensures
for tho future Tho trade unions had
fought tholr way through a variety
of dlHabllltlefl, nofmeroly to toleration
but to exceptional lognl ptivilogcti for
tholr mombora. Ab tho Labor pnrty
grow In powor nnd pnrllnmontnry representation, It boenmo n considerable
factor In British politics, 'Ub Influeneo wn» soon In tbo act of 18!*7 and In
tho oxtciiBlon of tho torms ot that measure to all forms of employment,
Many details, of amendment expressed IIs rolteratod demands, Indeed,
political prosBuro Ib hlntorlcally' a
much more reasonable explanation for
many phases of existing legislation
that lho patent fnct of Investigation
disregarded and ox]>orlonco unrecorded,"
Party Definitely Decides to Establish
Dally Journal
LONDON, Jnn. 80,—Tho Labor
pnrty bns dellnltejy docldod to attempt
tho establishment ot a dally ribwspaper
which hafl^ been entitled "Tho Dnlly
ClUwn." It will bo a gonoral no;:**.
paper dealing not only with Labor propaganda, but news of all kinds. Tho
new venture wltf be ov;n«d by i\ company with ten director* and Ramaay
McDonald a.i cluulmau, Tbu capital
will bo £1*50,000 Issued in £1 share*.
Why aro yon rushing around «o to-
Tn Hying to -jet j,owetllog for my
Had any offerf-Louufiik Courier
We have the best money,
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperatbr Hams
and Bacon" Lard, 8ausagos,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phono 58
• *.
A Sura Hams Treatment
Tho beat way to fight tuberculosis is
to prevent it. Tho whole boats of tho
Sanatorium treatment for tho whlto
plague is puro air—lots of It—good,
wholcBomo food, and a rational amount
of exercise,
It is nothing more thnn. a process of
building up tlio system by dlot, air and
exorciso, combined with good - reconstructive tonioa to rebuild tho tissues.
You can hnvo all this at home if you will.
Hotter still, you can nrovont tuber-
oulosls by keeping up tho bodily defences iittiunst-tho (I'iboubo. „
Tnko fresh air. frosh milk, fresh egg*
nnd other good food with what exorciso
you can stand without fatigue.- Keep
your windows wldo open at night, tako
Nyal's Cod Liver Compound, and you
need not fear tuborculoals/ovcn if you
are run down. „
Nyal's Cod Liver Compound is a delicious tonic. It builds un the woato
tissues—puts on good, solid flosh and
aids digestion, Every day thia splendid
tonio is putting on their feet peoplo who
would othorwlflo linvo drifted into a
dangerous condition. It will not disappoint you. Don't wait till you am
all nut down and unfit for work. If you
are not feeling up to your best and aro
losing ground, get a big dollar bottlo
at onco.
Nyal Remedies aro tbo boat valuo over
offered to tlio public Tho Nyal peoplo
had to convlneo us of this first before wo
would offer thorn to our ciiatomer*, and
Uiis remedy wo know to bo all tiiey
claim for it. 13
PV>r Snln In T'«»rni« i-tirt nH«raiiff»*»d bv
* >*/
•', . ,'j.. - .   , -,,,-■■■ ;, -
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
-w *'-'
*• - >
" -yi
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
1 ill.. .     IL -UlLl-l-H   ..    JIJ
\- Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Tho firm InHRPH In Cnnnda dnrlnir
1911, totalled. I&\,4M,?>1B, an avorago
of $f.7S8,2*)8 per month. This is equal
(o a dally Ions of |5R,7fll Tn other
words, $2,4B0 worth of property has
been .burned every hour tbat year, or
ill <ivcry tuluutc." In tlicpaut three
years $6^.000.000 worth of property haa
been burned.
Llrnrd Looal General Toamaters No,
141, Moots ovory Friday night nt,
8 p. in, Miners' Union Hall, W..
A Worthlngton,  Prosldont;   IS. J.
flood, Secretary.'
(i . ' ■
Bartenders' Local No. 5141 Moots 2nd
nnd 4th Sumlnys at 3,30 p.m. Secrp
tnryJ. A, Oouplll, Waldorf Hotel
Ciladstona Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Mwlu 11-ui Aud 4th llm/idAy ZUtM*
Union ball.    j). Hoes, 3o\
Typographical Union No. 065- Moota
last Saturday in oaoh month at tho
Lodger Office. A. J, Buckley, Soo-
Local Pernio No. 17 8. P, of 0, Meota
in Minora Union Hall ovory Sunday
at 7.4D p.m. Everybody wolcomo. D.
Paton, Secrotary-Troasurer,
Unltod Orotharhood of Carpenters and
Jolnsrs.--Local 1220. D. J. Evans,
Prosldont; V, II. Shaw. Secretary.
H.   W.   WIDDOW80N, Aiuyir and
Ch*w>t#t. it** c mt. >**!#*»,   n.  c.
Ch*rs«s;—Oold, Rtlvar, L«rrd nr Cftpper,
I! £!*«•« fflbf-HHvor. or 3llvor-fi;tt<t,
11.80. rf'0*** f°r ol',cr melAlc Coal,
cement, FlrncUy aiuHysci on applies-
tlon. Tbnjaraast custom ft May ottlc*
tn nrldih Caluml In, <\
• i ijt i ••■fi. .
♦^"^.♦♦. ♦.♦♦/♦'♦ '♦.♦.♦
,'UPeryil; Noveslmb Anniiale*
-Convenzlone Del Distrett'o No. *
18, U. M. "W. di'America.''.- .
- .: 7--*; - Fernie,■ Gennalo,. 1912. y
*-Saiutiyj y- 7  y   '-"-•"*■  *
;. -"T-Vol stete avvtsatl che UNo-   «
. vesimo' Annuale Convenzlone .«
; del.Dlstretto No.-18. U. M. W. . '■*
,di   America."  Sara    tenuta   <
■nella sala   del ..lavoratori, a '•*>
Lethbridge, cominciandp alio ■-«
"ore 10 a.m.,, Lunedi, Febbraio ■ <
19, 1912/   "'"   ..     '*        '        ■ ■<
•> II yostro Delegato ho pure '<
1 delegati Saranno pregatl dl ot-   «
tenere,. un certifIcato .ferrovla-   «
rlo.In modb.che si potrebbero ■ ♦
. arranglare le loro tlchette a '*♦
Reduzzlohe.'   La vostra atten-   ^
, alone .sara rlspettabilmente ln-  ♦
. vltata.aU'-Articolo 7, Sezzlone '♦
2 d.,3'alia Costltulziono-del, ,'♦'
Dlstretto la- quale vl splegara   ♦
tutti -l'affari-appartenentr alia   ♦
" Convenzlone:-,'-   /*'       '7    ♦
. o7*  . 7.. ' W.;B; POWELL,-  .  ♦
y ' Presldente. ■ ♦
'":" '   -7 -A." J. CARTER, -    "♦
**':  *   '  * Sec.-Tres.' ,♦
','-,'-    '' '. '    -      -7" ♦
:♦*«► *►'■•$*. ♦ *♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
,' Charl^H.''-jMbyer,*--'presidente''della
Western .'"federation-of1 Miners;' ha di-
chiarato'dl essere"corifidonte inyun
biSon ris'ultatb -V qjie. presto,'avra fine
If conflltto "tra ly'HoWestake''Mining
Co.'.'ed i suoi'mlnatorl'' -     •-. .'.',.7:
" John White, presidente della Unitei
Mine .Workers of .America,, dopo- aver
visitatole mlniere dell'antraclte della
Pensilvania,-ha-fatto rltorno  ad  Ih-
\> y   TIMORI Dl SCIOPERO    '
SI feme che nel prosslmo Aprlle ab-
;*?.bla"a scopplare lo sciopero del mlnatorl della Pensilvania, dell'Ohlo e dell'-
,Indiana.7   Essl chledonoc un aumento
-   del 20 per. cento suite paghe, una rldu-
*  zione delle ore dl ^lavoro, il riconoscl-
mento dell'unlone ed altre concesslonl
dl mlnore Importanza.   7      •  ' '
Se'y padroni delle minlere non ced-
* eranho a queste "domande, lo sciopero
,  :«ara lnevltablle.,.       '   y f
,. Prattanto e atata cblamatauna con-
jferenza fra i rappresentantl, del padroni e.del,mlnatorl per 11 25 del cor-
rente Gennato per vedere se,e possible
venire*"ad, un aml'chevole accomoda-.
mento.-;"     -  .'. .
dlanapolis.   7," s. "'. .   .7 .,
"• ■ Egli trovb che nel campo delle minlere dell'antraclte le cose non proce-
donb a termini d'unlone, e dichlaro
che* nulla * tralaselera per costrlnger©
le" compagnle a rendero glustlzia al
mlnatorl. ...     ,-•''-,
7 Come si vcde, I ferrl vanno riscaldan-
dosi, e*'se* le compagnle intenderanno
a sordo,.sara,inevitabile*una'generale
sospehsione" dei lavorl In tutte lemlni-
ere deH'antracitc.  ,     ' '
^ <%';♦•> ♦.'♦ ♦ V ♦ <
'^s.yy^-7.,   ., 7 ;.,
♦ jf»; Atsym daje sla. dqwidom^' ♦
:<4r'y sty'wsim lokalam DlstriktuVlSy^
'♦fSLT.:;M. W. of A., szczo'-dnia'-'-'*^;
♦^"19ho, lutoho 1912. roku. stfy--'•!*♦.
♦^"kaje^sia-ricznu konwencyjut 7%"^.
Konwencyja wldbude-.sla.wy^'
Lethbridge, Alta., ,w „Labory.^.
'♦".' Temple" w ponegilok o hod-•;•-♦
♦yynl.lO-tij r'ano. Delegat>bo.■',♦'
♦".delegaty ma jut pogtaratyi sia:7--«>
♦'  b" tak'zwani ..Standard. Clerti-7-^
♦ "ficate" aby mozna distatytan-'. ;♦
♦ >- szyj tykyt na-zeliznycy.'yi /;<,-,♦
♦ ,   ZwerLaje sia uwahuna para-...♦
♦ ,'graf/<■->• j toczky,2-3 -w'dystrik "♦
♦ towii konstytucyi, a tam waih . '♦
,♦ wyjasnyt czezo do konwen-. ♦
.♦   c'yl. ,  <;..♦
♦ W. B. POWELL,, -.'7'♦
♦ % * \ President.   ♦
♦ y        a.. jv carter, ;. ,♦
♦, .   Secretary .♦
'♦" ■-.;;■■->
+ + + +> + <* + «. #- ♦.-?♦ +> ♦
^ Iiuquestl.glornl a Lawrence, Mass.,
dove da qualche t&npo e In progresso
lo.scioporo del 30mlla;operal imple:,
gati''in quelle fllande, sono avvenutl
dei .^rll4!l|o-;dL^„tan^-jdioJ^.neee^
earlo. Inylare in'quella'cltta otto com-
pagne di soldatl per rlstabllirvle man-
tenervf 1'ordine; "',    .        -
La:, clttai e pratlcamonte in", istato
d'assedlo.. . ., • -;, 7
• I padroni afferraano che lo sciopero
e orraal termlnmo e torminato con una
sconfltta degli oiioral, hi nj-a^glor part*
del quail — obsi. afforniano — sareb-
bero gia toi;nati a lavoro alio comllzlo-
nl dl prima,*' .,
L'ottanta per cento del minatorl d'
Inghlltorra sono In favoi-b dl,** uno*sciopero generale so I pndronl non conce-
dono,loro unaumenlo dl salarlo.
I mlnatorl del varll Dl-atrottl hanno
Infnttl votnto aetto contro uno in fa-
voro dl questo sciopero, nel quale saranno colnvoltl oltro 300 mlla uoralnl, .
" II Governo o sorlamonto imponslerlto
per questa minaccla, che slgnlflca una
crlsl InduBtrlalo .dlBnstroBlsslma per la
nnzlono e fanno tutti gli sforzt posslblli
por indurro t proprlotarl di minloro a
venlro ad un amlchovols accordo col
loro oporat, •   *  ■
■     CRONACHETTA operaia
■ E' ce'ssato nel' cantlere di Norfolk,
Va;, lo sclopero'dei meccanici.-'   |   .;* -
".' .    '*,-#'»'"    "    -.,    , *>
. .  .  ,    ^ -      . **   .,
; A Boston,. Mass., e scoppiato lo
sciopero degli scaricatorl ferrovlaril,
lri numero dl* 1600. -     ,   7.'-   ,-
• - In Prancla' e avveniita una serrata
generale dlcotoniflci e 150 mila opera!
si trovano-ora.senza lavoro.
•"'•,, "    *   •   * v '  \ ..   ■
"Gil Ufficlalldella United Mine Workers , of America stanno organlzzando
uri-nuovo Dlstretto mlnerarlq nel British Columbia.
>   *   *
II Dlstretto No. 22 della United Mine
Workers of Amorica, che comprende lo
Stato del Wyoming,' ha presentemente
un foiido di cassa di $100,225„86.   .
II Governo degli Stati Uniti ha de-
llberato di fare in modo che nelle minlere deH'AIaska* nulla sia piu trascu-
rato" per. salvaguafdare al vita del mlnatorl. . - ., . . -;7 " ..'■
** * *
Nelle vlcitfanze dl.Hlbblng,' Mln., e
scoppjata/ la polveriera * di t proprleta
della "Dupont Powder'Go:," e*due op-
eral sono rimastl uccisi. ~ I dannl sono
assal rllevantl.      -      -"   ..     . -.y,.
,.7 v        *:, *■   * • ■   . -       7
cVrsl. nolle minlere . da carbone Ml
Stonlngton, Ills,,' i*erche 11 lavoro c
scarso e la mano d'opera superlbre'"'al
.blsogno..' i
> - *' * ■ »     * v  *
,- Nella mlniera. dl1f'iy'enona,?;ills.r si
Jayorn prosentemente tutti' 'I' glornl.
Iljavoro e abbondant.e e parecchl mlnatorl vl potrebbero trovare occupa-
zlone.       ',, ,,
e    ■    *■   . •-' •*'    * 7
, I mlnatorl Arthur Llndslen o John
Pearson la scorsa settimana vennero
Bepoltl nelloro tugurlo da una.valan-
ga1 dl, I povorottl furono rlnvehutl'
cadaverl. ■'
» -•   *
Tromlla trnmvlerl . dl Toldo, Giap-
pone;non avendo "potuto ottenere un
numonto di salarlo, si sono moss! ln
sciopero. II traffclo della capitate o
ora complotamento parallzzato.
\ *  ♦   *
"E" scoppiato a Winona, Minn,, lo
flclopero dei tranvieri, per dlvergenzo
sorte colla compagnin, cho non volova
riconoscoro la loro unlono o concedero
un anmento di salarlo. '
♦  *   *
,81 annuncla da fonto autorovole cho
o Imminonto una rlunlone fra i rap-
presontantl del proprlotarl delle mini-
ore situate nol DUtrotto di Lead Olty,
So, Dak., o quelll,dol mlnatorl Imple-
gutl In talo Dlstretto, por vodoro so e
posslbllo venlro nd un accomodnmonto
o porro un tormina alio sciopero cho
' dura In quollo part I da circa duo nnnl,
Nolla mlniera dt Port Limon, sltua-
ta nell'lsola dl Costa Rica, o avvenuto
un gravo conflltto tra 1 mlnatorl o 30
dt oasl restarono ucclai od una cln-
quantlna ferlti. Per tlmoro dl nuovl
dlsordlnl, furono invtatl sul luogo al-
cunl drappolll dl.BOldatl. il conflltto
fu provocato dall'odlo di rn»a,
* ,*   *
Pra breve b1 dnra prlnclplo alia coo-
truzibno dl un nuovo tronco forrovl-
arlo fra Steamboat Springs, Colo,, o
Salt Lake City, Utah. II costo al quoa-
ta nuovn lmpresa o stato calcolato ln
1(1 millonl dl dollarl. 1 lavorl prln-
clploranno col prlmo del Magglo pros-
List of Locals District 18
.••J..       NAME 8EC, and P. O. ADDRE83
20 finnkhood ,,  F, Wlioatloy, Ulnnldiond, Alln.
481, Ilonvor Crook  P. Oaughton, Iloavor Crook, via Plncher
431 Ilcllovuc  J. Ilurlto, TJollovuo, Frank, Altn,
S303 Dlnlrmoie  II. J, Chaso, Dlalrmoro, Attn,
,019 Ilurmls Jos. Derbyehlro, lUtrmlB, Alln,
227 Carbondalo  J. Lonsuorry, Carbondalo, Colomnn, Alta.
2387 Cardiff  J. Poolo, Cardiff, Altn.
1387 Canmoro :!.. VS. <Yt. Thnebulr, Pnnninro  Altn "
203.1 Colomnn  W, Graham, Colomnn, Altn,
2bi* Corbin..    H, Jones, Corbln, B. O,
IUG Chinook Minos .... Wm. Foisylh, Diamond City, Altn.
2173 Diamond City Albert Zak,,Diamond City, Lothbridgo.
2314 Kei-nlo .,' Tbo>, Uphill, Pernio, ll, C, „
1203 Frank Cl. Nlcol, Frank, Altn.
24ii7.,Hosmer,  W, Daldorstono, Hosmer, II. C.
1058 Hillcrest J. O. Jones, HlllcrcRt, Altn.
274 Lothbridgo  h, Mooro, 004, Sixteenth 8t„ North \cthbrldge,  ;i.
1189 Lothbridgo Collieries Frank Barlnglinm, sec, vln„ Klpp, Alta.
12.13 Llllo W. L. I3vnn«, Llllo, Frank, Alia
£820 Mnplo Lent M, Ollday, Maplo Leaf, DoIIotuo, Alta.
*331 Michel  W. Durrelt, Michel, D. C.
14 Mdnarch Mine.,.. Horace Woodlold, Tabor, Alta,   '
Z3S2 Taasburg , Robt. Evau>t, raualuig, Alia,
2580 Royal V\m ,  Thoa. O, Fisher, Royal Colllorlos, Lethbridge, Alta
1969 "taber A. Patterson, Taber, Alta.
103 Taber J. Coopar, Tabor, Altn.
11118 Ladyimlth ,,., J. J. Taylor, Udysmlth, B. 0,
3JW Sumerland Peter McW Inn, Sumerland, 0. C.
' 572  Wellington Thoa. iraxrot, Wellington, B. C.
tlSI  Hanlamo......... Jack Plaoo, Nanaimo, Q. O,
Les statisliques financleres .sont
venues apprendre au monde entler que
le pays soumis a la domination de
Gulllaume, H.contient butt mllle trols
cents milllonnalres.
La plus grando fortune allemande*
s'eleve a 45 millions.de dollars, et ap-
pa'rftient a Bertha Krupp la. fille dii
grand Industrlel decede 11 y a quelques
annees.v *  *'*      '  7     *    '*  "
Aussi le Kaiser, trouvant que cette
femme eta'it tropriclie "pour etre une
simple" roturiere l'a anoblle alnsi que
son marl quln'etait qu'un pauvre me-
declh de.la Prusse,Rhenane. Et ce-
pendantequ'est-cequo la fortune de la
petite baronne*,prussienne aupres de
cellesde Rockefeller, Morgan, Ryatiet
autres multfmlllionnalres americains.
L'echo de Ne*v Bedford en mal de
democratic pour le moment (cela est
grave) trouve a ce propos que l'AUemagne salt obtenlr de ses milllonnalres
un profit plus remunerateur que les1
Etats-TJnls, et que l'AUemagne grace a
un-excellent systeme admlnlstratif.ne
peuvent carotter les repartiteurs des
impots; que le riche allemand porte a-
un sou preB "le fardeau" de sa fortune.
- Jo veux blen le croire mais ce n'est
pas ce qu'en dlsent les petits contri-
biiables allemands! -    ,y   ,-
- L'echo ensulte s'indigne sur ler systeme defectueux d'imposltion en usage
aux Etats-Unis qui permet aux.richls-
sisslraes barons de la" finance de reje-
ter sur les malheureux les "deux tier's
ces gros capltallstes en sont quittes
pour quelques fausses.declarations, pa-
ralt-il.'    L'Echo, cltecet exemple:
"A Schenectady la'General Electric
Company qui possede un capital de
qu'atre-vlngts millions do dollars n'est
Imposee que pour qiiatre millions cinq
cent mille dollars pendant que le petit
proprletalre fonder, l'ouvrler qui pale
sa^blcoquo a la sueur de son front .est
oblige pour combler le vide cause par
la capaclte des multl-mllllonnalres de
payer des Impots supplementaires.
Et l'echo qui decldement est en f lev-
re de'reyolte dlt que e'est sans doute
cotrlsto otat de choses qui a nmene
los" electdd>s do Schenectady , a ellre
dernlerement un mniro soclallste co
qui* pour ce journal cnpltullsto, Indl-
quo quo' los esprlts surexcltes se por-
tont a des extremltes malheurouses!
. L'Echo connalb'sl blen l'ogolsmo do-
goutnnt dototiB cos dotentours do ln
fortuno/do tous ces fnux dlBcIspIes qui
se reclamont d'ubA religion dont lis so
gardent blen do sulvro Iob pre'copte8,
qu'll prevolt que si lo mniro'socialists
do Schonoctady youlait falro rectifier
10 repartition dos llstos d'imposltion
«n ce qui concorno la General Electric
Co. cetto corporation monacoralt la
vlllo d'allor planter sa tento dans un
ondrott ou los nutorltcs aeralent molns
dlfflcileB, Et nlors de mllllers do clto-
yons bo trouvoralent sanB travalll
Et l'Echo,, met on domouro les legls-
lateurs des Etats-Unis, do changer lour
aystemo d'imposltion qui dovlent de
plus en'plus mnnuvals pour lo pouplol
SI l'Echo s'oceupalt a falro parnltre
dans son journal, dos articles pnrolla,
11 devlondrnlt plus IntereHRant et sur-
tout pliiB propro a lira*.
Los journnux qui no s'occiipent quo
do modlro ot cnlomnlor nioclmmmoni
coux qui parlont commo "lo Maltro" ot
mleux quo lours dctracleurs Rulvont
les maximcB du"Christ, ros journnx
la sont dea pnrjuroB mix prlnclpos
chretlons otlon frolons du journnllsme,
Parolls mix mouchos a vorn qui no
H'nllmontont que do chair en doeompo-
Hltlon , ot y depoBont l'ocnf qui dolt
prod n I ro la lnrvo qui on vlvrn, I'Kcho
trouve Hn HOiirco do• vlo nn iilimontunt
I'mno do hob •lontonrs IgnomiitH on
fori'OB do lo llro pnr oaprlt do pnrtl,
nvoc une lltleraturo qui prnnd na
Bourco diirm co qu'll y n do pIiib vll ot
do plim repugnant: T/i mon-iongij ut
la cnlomnlo,
y*La limite d'age prevue par' la loi est
de €0 ana pour, toucher, une pension an-*
nueile de 3iS0 francs;-cette limite d'age
peul-etre, abaissee!.' aj ""^"..aris. -pour, .ouvt
rler ou ancieh „Suvrier* qui-aura ete-
occupe jusqu'a • cet7ageJ"et''pendaht
{rente .ans au moins,*dana les travaux'
ebutertains ■ d'une,, exploitation beige'
s'il cesse. tout% trav'ail ou, si restant
occupe au'eharbonnage 11. touche un
salaire inferleur aui^trols^ctnquiemes
du salaire'moyen„'calculeisur les cinq
dernleres annees des oavrlers de la
categorle a laquelle l'interesse a' ap-
partenu pendant la majeure "partie de
cette perlode.   i 7 ' ■".•
- ;-Tous ceux qui sont aujourd'hui pen-
sionnes par lescaisses de prevoyance
ou bien encore qui le seraient avant le
31 Decernbre 1911,'auront-la pension
de 360 francs par au ou 30 francs par
mols a1 partir du ler Janvier 1912.    °
Ces queluqes articles extratts de la
lol sur la pension des mlneurs suffira
pour demontrer aux lecteurs de quelle
lol'de facade notre gouvernement ca-
thollquo nous- a gratifiee.' Je dis une
lol de facade, car coinbien de mineurs
qui ont commence a descendre dans le
fond des mines a' 1'age de ] 2 ans «t
meme moins arrlvent a 1'age de 60 ans.
Et si meme ils avalent encore le bon-
heu'r de toucher cette pension, pendant
combien d'anhees toucheront'-lls?. Des
milllers d'ouvriers devront verser pendant de longues annees sans rlen toucher.   -. ' ■     -.'..'"*
Un autre defaut de cette loi que je
tiens a faire remarquer e'est la retenue
de' 2f. 50 par mols, Imposee aux" ouv-
riers notamment a ceux ages de 30 ans.
En Belglque le pays-des bas salaires
ou les ouvriers 'patvlennent, comme
on dlt vulgairement a.mettre p'onible-
ment les "deux bouts ensemble,, vonf*
encore etre obliges de se priver de
bieiv des choses- hecessalres, a cause
deces retenues."' c Deja'des protestations se font entendre contre cetto retenue trop elevee.
Dans la Belglque. catholique; a l'in-
staf d'autres' pays soi-disant civilises
existe toujours- un budget des "cultes
qui coute defalcation faite des subsides
que le gouvernement et certaines communes versent aux eglises environ 8
millions par annee, avec lequel on,
po'urrait creer, d'autres pensions pour
les mlneurs. '■ Et le' budget de Ia
guerre pour uu,petit paysocomme la
Belglque coute environ 100 millions.
En ce qui concerne les patrons, le
taux des cotlsatlons'-patronales sera
etabli - pour la periode transitolre,
d'apres le montant des charges incom-
bant aux calsses .pendant cette periode
il ne pourra en: regime normale tere
inferleur a l.%,p.'.,c.'des salaires des
ouvriers.    '■  7 .,'•.   ., "'a ■
SI",les"cotlsations des exploitants
depassalent"2^ p. c.':des dits salaires
Texcedent seralt"sup~porte pour moltle
pour" l'Etat et pour moltle par. les pro:,
vlnces sur- le territolre.. desquelles les
charbonnages sont sltues. Id je dots
donner quelques explications en ce' qui
concerne la periode transitolre. _„- *
I. Dans cette lol de pension, 11'y a deux
calsses; *,*,Caisse de retraite, et caisse
de prevoyance. .Tous les ouvriers ages
de 30 anB au mols de Janvier verser-
ont 6 francs a la caisse do pervoyance;
e'est dans cette caisse quo les verso-
racnte des < patrons' et des provinces
rentreront; c'ost a l'aldo do cette caisse que i'on pourra donner une pension
de 3G0 francs e'est ce qu'on nommo
la periode tranBltoIre. L'ouvrler ago
do molns do 30 ans so creo lulmeme
par ,ees cotlsatl'ons sa pension 11 pourra-, s'll vout en versant une cotlsatlon
supplementalro avancer l'ngo de sa
pension,   -y '      .,
Volla on resume, los basos prJnclpa-
les do cette pension qui no sera pas
uno amelioration au sort do l'ouvrler.
—JobopIi Lasslmo, dans L'Union dos
TravallleurB, Belglquo.
rr.y^H-^'tVNE'tb ATHABA8CA.  7
,;, Steel .has been -laid- into- Athabasca
Landing -on" the Canadian Northern
line,-and the opening up" 'of the°last
great; west Vas seen, to be an accomplished'fact at last. "Tliere was great
"jubilation"pn" -every hand when the
last boit,was"drtven and the last inch
of the ninty-six mile's from Edmonton
covered with"!, rails:
Only aVfew years ago was it discovered that in.this,region far to the
north there .was-a climate milder and
a country,Tas fertile as any in this
great continent. For long years there
have been* pioneer settlers there toiling for small* returns and working
far from the madding'crowd and the
hubbub of modern civilization. "
' Never was it- dreamed that here to
the north was another great west
which would one day be populated in
much the same way as have been the
southern parts of the prairie provinces. Only'one-thing was needed for
the^ development of the new country,
and that was the railroad.
The building of the first ninety
miles to Athabasca only leads to the
gateway of the new country, and other
lines will have to,be built, and are
now fbeing started with a .view to
opening up the new'nortly
The first train is expected to reach
the Landing about' the end of the present week, and will probably bring
Premier Sifton and several of the
members of his cabinet and-the legislature as passengers.
The day was proclaimed a holiday,
and the ■ board of trade and citizens
generally,' are' preparing ' a monster
celebration. , The actual coming of
the steel to-the Landing has caused
a remarkable boom,In real estate In
the'inside districts, and several deals
have been reported in the past .few-
days. ■ -"The building of the'line to'
Athabasca' Landing marks a new era
for' the ■ north country,* as big tracts
of land and vast game areas will now
be more accessible than ' they have
been in; the past, and the country
along-the'line "of railroad and in the
Athabasca Landing - district will fill
up very quickly.'. .
Rush of < Settlers Expected
There is sure   to-' be   a   great" inrush of settlers right away, as even
now many homesteads have been tak-'
en up.
The greatest"" satisfaction prevails
among those' "who.bave been for many
"years in the country, and who up to a
few months ago.never for a moment
their" district and,settlers, brought, in
from '.outside. ' - 7'
Workers Responsible
For Own Enslavement
Czy mloszknBZ w tym kraju trzy
Czy poslndasz paplory obywatelflklo?
Jezell nlo, Dla Bzogo?
New Tourist Route
Not only jvlll the-traln service when
started• change'.the i-whole territory,
hi't'it will Open;up a great-and wist
country .wlthi rlchj resources, • a veritable hinterlarid^up .to now. There
will also be a new" route for tourists
seeking to pass into the extreme north
of the continent.-" Up to the present
tlio only, way of covering the trail
except, where'. * the ■ steamboats run
down the "river has been by tho old-
fashioned and /slow .movement of tlio
cart or wagon. . Now that the railway
has got through further enterprise Is
bolng shown oh every hand, and new
boats are being built to give a bettor
service on the lakes and rivers of
the "groat north: ,
From Athabasca It will bo posRlblo
to get through via the Athabasca river
to tho Lesser Slavo lnke, from which
there Is n short portage right to the
heart, of the Peaco llivor country,
All tlio long expectations of the old-
timers have been brought to pass, nnd
the completion not the road makes
clearer than over before tho groat
futuro which is boforo tho country,
Othor ImprovomontB aro being mndo
on tho river with a vlow to aocurlng
better monnB of transportation.---Ex.
Kncore un<? charge do plus pour, ♦
1'ouvrlor, J'OHporo fnlro plnlalr mix • ♦
loctouru du Journal on roprodiiluaiil; ♦
ii'iHi-iK-i* iiriicU-H f.\u*a)tn do la loi dos ,♦
ponolons dos mln<>urf* qui est cntroo en ■♦♦♦♦♦ ♦
vlguour au ler Janvier 1912,
lo, Tous los ouvriers mlnours nont
afflllon obtlgatolrbmont a la calsso do
retraltos du moment qu'lls out molns
dr* flO nns. Aprr"-* M an*, l'ouvrler n'citt
pn» obllgo do verser, memo nl par ox-
rnpMon II travalllalt encore a la mine.
2o. Tous les mlnours nges do plus
do 21 ans quel quo solt lo tnus d« leur
nnlnfro devront voreer 24 francs par
an, aolt deux franca pnr mols; ceux
ages do molns do 21 ans veraeront 18
francs ct ceux de 20 &u» vurw-ront **»">
francs dana lea memos conditions.
Nn dzlowlata Roczna Kon-
woncyo Dyatryktu 18, ZJodno-
cronych Gornlkow w A.
Do mlojBcowych unlj w DIb-
trykclo IS' ZJodnocwnych
gornlkow w Amoryco,
NlnloJBzym znwladamla bIo
zo dclowlntn roczna Konwon-
cyn Dyatryktu 18, 'A. G. W,
A. odbcdzlo " bIo w ,,Labor
Tomplo," Lothbridgo, rozpoc*!-
nlo bIo o 10 toj nino w Pon-
lodzlnlok, 10 go Lutogo, 1912
v, WnflJ! dologat lub delogn
ul poxtnrnc hIo mnjn o kolojno
cortyflkaty, nzoby mozna uzy-
Bkao isnlzono cony nn Icolo-
Zwf'iica sie uwiiRO na nrty-
Uol 7,1'arngraf 2 I ll, UyBtryk-
lu Konstytucyi, ktora wyjasnl
w Bprawnch odnoRwioyoh nlo
A. J. CARTI-m,
Loeatoro of Mining Claims In Manitoba
Must Indemnify Ownir Prom Loss
The purchase of labor-power for a
fixed period is the prelude to the process of production, and' this prelude is
constantly^ repeated when the stipulat-,
ed term comes to an end; when a
definite period of production, such as
a week or month has elapsed. - The
laborer is'not paid until after lio has
extended his labor'power, and realized
In commodities not only this value but
surplus value. He has, therefore, not
only produced surplus value, which we
are for the present regarding as a fund
to meet the private, consumption of
the capitalist,,but he has,also produced," before it, flows back to him in
the shape of wages, the fund out of
whidi he himself- is paid, the variable capital; and his-employment lasts
only so long as he continues to reproduce this,fund. What flows back
to-the laborer In the shape of wages is
a portion of the' product that is tcon:
tinually reproduced by him. ' Tlie capitalist it is true pay him in money, but
this money is merely the transmuted
form of the product of his labor.
While he is.converting a portion of
the means of production into products
a portion of his former product is being turned into money.     It is his labor of last week or of last year that
pays for his labor this week or this
year.    The illusion begotten by the intervention of money . vanishes immediately if instead' of taking .a "single
capitalist and a single laborer we take
the'class-of capitalists and the^class
of laborer as a whole.'    The capitalist
class is constantly giving to the laboring class order notes in the form' of
produced by the latter and appropriated by the former.,   The laborers give
these order notes back just as constantly to the capitalist class; In this I
way they get their share of .their own
product.     The transmission is veiled
by the commodity form of the product,
and the money-form of tho commodity.
Variable capital,'therefore, Is only n
particular historical form of ,tho appearance of the fund  for  providing
tho necessaries of life, or the labor
fund'which the laborer requires" for
tho maintenance of himself and family,
and which, whatever bo tho form of
social  production,   he   must  himself
produce nnd reproduce.     If tho labor
fund constantly- flows to hlin In tho
form of monoy that pays for his labor It Is becauso tho'product lie has
created moves constantly away from
him in tho form of capital,    But all
this does not' niter tho fact that It Is
lho laborers own labor, realized ln a
product, which Is advanced to him by
tho capitalist.    •
- Lot us take a peasant liable to do
compulsory services for hla lord. Ho
works on his own land, with his ow*n
moans of production, for flay throo
days a week. Tho throo other days
ho doos forced work on the lord's domain, Tlo constantly reproduces his
own labor fund, which novor In his
caso taken tho form of a money payment for tho labor advanced by anothor person, But in return IiIb unpaid forcod labor for tho lord, on Ub
sldo, never ncqulros the character of
voluntary paid labor,      If one  fine
morfling the lord appropriates to himself the land, tho cattle, the seed—in*
a word,'the means of-production'of
this peasant, the latter will henceforth
be obliged to sell his labor-power to
the lord.    He will then labor six days -
a week as before, three for himself and
three for ids lord, who, thenceforth,
becomes,a wage-paying capitalist.   As
before ho will use up the means-of* ,
production, his means of production,
and transfer their value to the product.
As before a definite portion of the pro-'  ,
duct will be devoted to reproduction.   -
But from the moment that the forced
labor is  changed  into  wage - labor,
from that moment  , the    labor fund,
which the peasant himself continues
as, before to produce and. reproduce,
takes the form, of capital advanced in -
the form of wages by the lord. ' , The"
bourgeois economists,  whose narrow'
mind is unable to separate form arid
appearance  from .the thing that .appears,'-shuts his eyes to the fact that
it is but 'here and there on the face
of the earth that even nowadays the la- *
bor fund crops up in.the form of capital	
On the one hand the process of pro- *
duction incessantly converts material
wealth into  capital,  into- means    of
creating more wealth, and-means of
enjoyment for the capitalist.     On the
other hand the laborer on quitting the
process is- what he was on entering it,
a source of wealth but devoid of all
means of making that wealth his own.
Since,- before entering" on' the process,
his own labor has been alienated from -,
himself'by the sale of his, labor power, "
and incorporated with the capital, it
must, during the process, be realized
ln a product,that does-not belong'to
him.  , Since' theprocess of production
Is also the process'by which the-cap!-,
tallst consumes labor-power, ^the pro-*
duct of the laborer ls incessantly converted not only into commodities but
Into capital, Into value that sucks up
the value creating power, into means
of subsistence that by the person of
the laborer, Into "moans'of production'
that command the-producer.
Tlie laborer, therefore, constantly
produces material, objective wealth,
but In tho form of capital of an alien
powor that dominates and exploits
him, nnd tho cnpilnllst ns constantly
produces labor powor, but ln the form
of a subjective sourco of wealth separate from tho objects ln and by
which It, can alone be realized; in short
ho produces tho laborer, but as a
wago laborer. This Incessant reproduction, this perpetuation of the laborer Is a sine qua non of capitalist production.- Tho Roman slavo was bound
by fetters, tho wuijo slaves Is bound
to h'ls owner by Invisible threads. ■
Tho appearance of .independence Is
kept up by monna   of   a   constant
chnngo of employers, and by tho flctlo
juris of a contract.    Tho laborer belongs to capital boforo   ho  has  sold
himself to capital.    His economical
bondago Ib both brought about and con
conlod by tho periodic sale of him Bel f.
by his change of mnuterB, and by the*
oscillation in tlio market prlco of labor down..,—Karl Marx in "Capital."
NELSON, B, C„ Jan. 29.—Bwopt to
dc-nth by a huge slide of copper ore
tho two-fool luvdl nt tho C-rnnby mlno
which carried him down the ehulo at
at I'hocnlx Hnturdny, Timothy Ilalft.
win was crushed almost beyond recognition. Ho was standing In the chute
unaware that the shot which lot looso
tho ore was nbout to bo flrod. Ho
lea\cs a widow and ono child. Ho
wus tudy-cno yi*ar« old and cam* from
Michigan nlno ycara ago.
WINNIPEG Jnn, 30.—Ovor 200 pro-
spoctlvo gold minors hnvo mndo por-
Bonnl application at thn locnl Dominion
land offlco this week Booking Information regarding tho staking nnd locating, of mining clalmn in the MinltomiH
district, Tlio domnnd for It'iformiitlort
lui» boon bo groat that all nvalliiblo
poploa of the mining nel havo boon
Irnudod out but n froHh' supply Ih ox*
pot;tod to roach tlio city on Monday
from Ottawa.
Tbo procedure followed In Btaklng a
clnlin Ih vory slmplo but In tho prr-Hont f
onuo mnny prnHpoi-mra will bo surprlK-
ei[ to lourn thnt nftor n claim hnH been
locnted tho locator will hnvo to put
up a bond of "fl'00 with the Dominion
roglHlrnr nl Dauphin for the purpose
of Indemnifying  tlio  mnn  on  wIioho
/I11III IW lUCUK'K ilKlllllHt (lUIIIIll'OH.    TIC
'.'..',.'  II.   '•'»; ."iiii.i.ulli*,*-, iJinlllU  'r.,|iliU-
tlntlly /ill oH-iir-d by private IndlvldiiulH
nnd whllo il*r> proKjwtor ban tbo rltjht
lo locate n clnlni on the land ho nuitst.
jmt up n bond.
"Whnt you wnnt, I ntippoHO. Ih to
vole. Just llko tlio men do,"
"Corlnlnly not," ropllod Mr«. Daring-
Hftnnoni. "If wo cnubjn'f do nny h*'-
ler tlinn thnt there would bo no uso of
our votlniir.,,--Wi*iRhln/rton filnr,
!■( v <« v-s>'«l'',-i*,,-/.K..»v»(Jw.-^i/.(.»/<i'«i.*»..;** vv
Nervous Demlxty
OVW.NRW METHOD TREATMENT will euro you, and mnko a mnn cf
you, UmWItHlnlluonco tlia lir.lt! Iwco,ich native, tlia 1.U-.I pnrli.ii I ci llu.t r-.ll
iliuplot, Matches nnd i.Scith Iic-I upi Urn nerve* Ikm; no i.u-onif ih He I. hi Dint
iiervoumia-J.I>i-.lirt.lin«ij» nndduhpniWonoy <llsi»:'"w.r; tli'jovu iwmm liMit. llio
fiii'o fu'l nn-J eloir, oMiijyrjturailotUs iwly, nvl tin nor I, pliylcnl «"<t nn'nuil
fVMi'i-iini-n hvlTorn'o 1| rll «l-!as miuM-no r:n»n vi'M rc*m fnvi (!>■< (fttmn,
Yon fi'<*l j-rmr.Plf a pi"n nn I Mow niir.-h"'* cwiuot, l/o a fiiilinu V. n't l"t ijniwks
end fakir* rub you of your hard curuoU duiiaro,
I\'f or U fiummorH rnlntos bin cirpirliwoi
"I Wl troiiMwl w. !i I.m'Vi'Im 1 oMIIly
for many yearn, 1 l,.yK t.i lii'"l.t*n*u, n
n.i'I oswat-eil In yni"!i. I lw:i:ii v,- y
lie pr.nrjfrjt flnii i.l'-n rnm vh Orr I
vorkcil or «'."* I liwlird ovcryw y
wim UkiU<h\ nl mu gujA^il tny nvn f.
Iimvl'imivuc'rcn'Mii nl tilj;)it wc*.U'i">l
nip-iMy luich /u-liM, Jui'l imlni In tin
thn niorulnr, lU'orfl-iifUli'
|l-*::i-rn »ito iln.\ y, cmW! rrv.-l. *
Iwi-lt <it my liwul, linrulo ii>»l f'-f.t w m
mM,Hi-film '
|l-*::i-rn \»ito „. -.., ..... .. . ,
In-'irt, inMii'ry p.i.r, f <>.. h r:t'r.ctil.i
f) n llonr tin ,i.m|  ('■-  <'"•'    1> f    *•'    --
Jiof ■.•m-ilp.vn'yUii, I ux»K u.1 kl-'iln oi     ^V ...
Electric Restorer for Men
Phosnhono! i**tm% «r<ry nerve In th* body
: " *v " ' to ttt urop«i ttMlon | re-jtoui
«lio nmi viuluy, rrtmiluri J»«*«y an<l ill ««iui)
itr-Aftr* »TMt»l tt ewitf, rhniptie'tel will
mike yo*j * m»m«,  i'rlcslls tv>*.«, t«i lm
it M.tl'.'-t I i a-iV a !jl«i% TUliiUxiWU lUut
for Sala at Olaaidell's Druff Otort
jtt'tjr Aim** V >yi(■''••i-m ««ror.n rtw-tiI < Wi'tfurtnivi* A\ \K *^S syi<
ocronc TntuMrnr  ^^^Vul^TiVl^l JW-T in   »"" '""T-rNT
tToctorN,  T.'l'ftnilmwiln'ji'ir.i\ <vir.i"iHi'"><l t;n> Ni:w Mrrrion TnriTtirrr ninl'tt
»;iMil tiiy lif.i,  TliOlni'miVi't'i'iitv. 'ili'.'Mii-wlij— lennl IfpoltliiiVlRori'oinisilirnviBlt
llii>iiorvi-M, J wa* rurol mcntnlly nnd p:-yHlumly. I Inva sent tlu'in mnny frfittoiitn
ami cuatiimo it do i-o.
ptculltr to t,itn,
M CONSUI.TATION mrn. nOOW rRCn If unnLl* to Ckll wrli« for * QutiUon
rlunUforllom* Ircttmeiil,
Cor. Michl^«n Ave, and Grfswold St.» Detroit, Mich.
B3BBMP»»MI1TII*P All letters from Cntmdo must be nddreiscil
bMHP fl-V ' ■*'■• to our Canadian Corrtiponde-ncc Depart-
vu '™V ■sssBMSSBsaaMMaai went In WimLsor, Ont, If you deiire lo
see us personally call at our Medical Institute in Detroit as vre see and treat
na patitnti In onr Windsor offices which arc for Correspondence and
Uborttory for Canadian lmtints* only,   Addrcw alt letters aa foUowsj
JWrtU for oor pitnUtMm*. ?A3E mma
TM» PttBUOf IMBtMt, VWOfSaX. ^O^fOOTAlT.I/liliry'l^y ly
'<• 4
Children's D^esSns
The entire balance of our Child*^ Dresses ^
>on the Bargain Counter,.and the*,-,'-j^ Bargains
AYrapperette Dresses in Navy ^nd While polkfl
Dots, for ages 2 to 4 years..:...,.. 45c ^
Wrapprette Dresses in light an-*} dark blues ^
browns; a good appearing little Dress and AyeU
riad?-   Now  : *...'. ,75c. each"
• AVrapperette Dresses; fancy Patterns in shades
of Blue "and Cardinals, also in Shep]ierd>s cheeks
For ages 2 to 6 years.   Price , ..,..        65(J ^
At 95c. each. This lot include*. All-wool Cash-
mere Dresses that are sold regu\ar]y at 4275
Shephard's Check Dresses nicely* '.i)raided and'«
number made from plaids and f}gured materials
Sizes from 2 to 14 years, and,only0 gg'        .
At $1.90 each..,. All-wool Navy Serge g^ ■ guits
Made with double collars andniceW i)rajded   'y*i
vet Dresses and Shephard and ^ob Roy Checli/
All good fitters; for ages up'to 1% yc      and     ;;
At $2.25.'   All-wool Serge Sailor jj^. ^
m Navy"and Cardinals; nicely braided  , Regulpv
$3.90."value; sizes -to 14 years. Sa}e prjce"     ^ 25
-, At $2.90., Navy Serge Sailor guits. regular
value to $5.50; for ages-to 10 yc\ars
Middy Suits; regular $4.75 quality; colors, NaVy,
Cardinal and Brown"; for ages to g years ,
Navy Serge Sailor Suits, tyat c>an a]sQ,be ^opQ
middy style; a very effective servjceal)le su-t_
One-piece Serge Dresses in solid Navy, 01,      de
Ah combinations of Navy and She^ard>s Checks
Shcphard.'s Check Dresses,4rimblecrwilh narrow
folds of Cardinal with buttons to mateh rpj •' ' ■, .
includes valuer up, to $5.00 and ^ snvc '   t.
$2.90 a Garment. v   »• *■ .
This week's Specials will excel all prWious-::6f-
forts. Shop earlyand get your choice fcefore
all the best bargains are picked up.
This will be your last opportunity to "buy Clothing-
Furnishings, Hats and Gaps at these prices.
French Peas, 2 lb tins   ...-....'. I;-./..'.. ,-.y7;15
,   French' Macedoine Vegetables, 2 lb. -tins, 2 for;* $25
Fresh Ground Coffee, Best Blend, 2 lbs. for   '.75
,. Fresh Ground Coffee'; Ideal Blend, 2' lbs! for ' .65'
. • ''",'",_' *      -■'       «-  -
Cowan's Cocoa, 1 lb. tin -...':.'.S  .35
1 ',"*■,   ' -.*• -
Apples Mcintosh Reds, per box ,..*.. .C$1, 75
"Sterling Brand Extract, 4 oz ........ ,y.... 7 .25
"Wagstaff's Bottled Fruits,-assorted" each-. .-y"25
Noels' Bottled Fruits, assorted each ......"...'" -^35
^Peaches, 3 lb., tins, each ;;    . .25
Fresh Killed Chickens, per lb \'S "'  25
, Cranberries, 2 lb. for ■ ......-'. -.;." 7.25
Finnan Haddie, 2 lb. for ......7.7. .'-.'., A. r25
Fish Fillets, per lb. .,	
Purity Flour, 98's .. v ..*..... 7
Purity Flour, 49's'.. S.	
. Royal Crown Lye, 3.for	
Sheriff's .Maramalade, 4. lb.' tins-	
TVVithey's Mincemeat, 1 lb. pkgs, 3 for
Black Jack" Stove Polish, per tin ......
Baby's Own Soap, per box •	
1 **- * >
Pears' Unscentei Soap, 2 for .'	
Durham Cornstarch" 2 for 15c, 4 for'..
-Blue Ribbon Tea, per lb. .' .-..:...
ToiQ'atoes, 2 lb:, tin, 2 for .:
r '
,......., .15 •
,..:....$3 25
;.;.'.... $1.65
■ '.: ,.25
,.-. .50
... .25
... .10-
.i. .30,
;.'.■« .25
.... .25.
..." .35
... * .25
Corn,,2 lb. tins,"5 for*.
Cherries, 2 lb. tin's, 2 for.;.
:> '■ This.bargain !will"consist,.of a iarge";,assqrtment'';
-('of patterns,- ak'fast colors and assorted, sizes; regu--
Mar * value, $1.25 ;Special ....-'..-.. S .v....:,_.*-- 5067,;
'" .   ..  "MEN'S FLANNELETTE SHIRTS ^    ; ;..,
- < Heavy flannelette, assorted!colors and sizes, col-.. ,7
lars attached, regular .value $1.25; Special.;... 75c. y
. All-wool Flannel Shirts, with collar attached,;
light colors, assorted patterns and sizes;,regular ';
- value" $2.25; Special, while they last .;..'.. $1.50.
Just to make the men happy we will sell for the" ,
one day only, Tooke'si-ply linen Collars, all sizes*
and styles, regular 20c. collar-^Spectel, 6 collars for
35 cents. •* . ;    .\,;, .   •-,- l.
*  7 overalls^ ...„_ '-r   '."y--"y\*
i   Men's medium weight Black Pant Overalls; re- *
1 - j-gular value 90c.; Special" up -to" Monday" night at ;
750c.pair.   ■ -„        "': ;-    i *■'■";   ■„ '.""    y
';'-'    •'., "'       overalls"    "■  ' -'•"*> \ '-f
- . \ - \ -
Heavy Blue "King of the Road'rbib';Overalls;''
regular $1.25; 'Special 90c.-''       ''7     s - 7(.y"7:y
,       OVERALLS,
Men's heavy Brown Pant Overalls, double fronts; - '
regular $1.75 pr.    Special $1.00.  -. " ',;--
See our window for Suit Specials.   .The greatest .
clothing value ever offered..   " -•* ' , •'-,
ing slaughtered at ridiculous prices.    -Come aiid-
get your pick of our.entire stock at cost.y ,r' :." ....
^   -   . ^-     -   - - *.       ----- ^
■ .   V.
- '**-"     "V   *   -
Here and There
Mr. Lukas, of Hosmer, was a Forhle
visitor this woek.
Geo Pedlar, editor of tho Froo Press,
> Is expected to return on Saturday;   •
' Dr. Wrlgleswortli, of Vancouver,
formerly of thia city, had $200 worth
01 dental Instruments stolon recently.
"Mr. J. Mclntyre, of the Homo "Bank
staff, Is now recovering from his recent Illness and left tho Hospital this
weolc.    "
- The monthly tea given hy tho Lndios
Aid of Methodist 'Church, will be hold
nt the homo of Mrs, W. W, "Drown on
Tuesday, Feb. 0th, from 3 to 0 o'clock.
A thunder storm In January is rather unusual ln this locality hut lho
ltonvy roll of thunder'lind sharp'flash-
oh *of lightning roused mnny people
out'Ot tholr beauty sloop on Tuosday
morning between tho liourb of four
and flvo o'clock.
Mr. Sam Phillips, Jr., who ban been
In tho hospital for two or throo weeks
suffering from the effects of a frozen
fool, wns nhle to take his discharge
Inst Wednesday, and la now moving
around, (Had to boo you, Sam—and
In our gladnoBH wo nro ,nol alone,
Our renders will bonr with us for
any typographical errors that may bo
found In (his Issue, Ono of tho lady
nioinberu of our ntnff wah fortunate
enough to win a five dollar gold ploro
nt tho Grand on Tuesday Inst, and tho
staff has been keeping It up over
since. Bhould you notico a young
lady going down the ntreot with n
smllo that wont como off-—woll that's
new ,iunor: im 0. a
OTTAWA. Jan. 30,—At Saturday's
cabinet council nn order-ln-councll was
poHsed appointing flco. H. Thompson,
cranbrook plays
pern»e to a draw
' ——_
Homo *<»m Doscrlbo Circles Around
' Crambpook But Fail*-to-Find the
"   Extra Aco
°m  **«>nday night   the   Blairmoro
of? I*nt down t0 d<3foat'to tho tune
Pernio tlB t0' 3;    Th0 "0Xt nlSM tho
tlm!! th» W1V8 dofofttod for tho first
goals to    MnS°n "at Cranbroo,c b*y 5
-»?i,«J!IUPBda5r ni^ht a lftl'E« crowd
f Tn   nt tho rink hero to witness
old rlva!DP,0nBh^ 8ftm°' botwoon' ' thO
,. ls~Cranbrook and Fornlo. The
Fernie nB'to,l0WB!      -
**• Cranbrook   7
Goal ■ McManus
Point      ■ Ellis
Cover' Slmms
Itovor'   '     Williams
Contro   .    <    MoWha
1. wing Conloy
r. wlnj; pyo
■  „   Wns tho fastest and cleanest
"„°> ln v*™^ nnd the penal-.
«un«      ovon,y (llvlll0(1 ">' th0 two
nni i,i,\   TIlfl "nl,lR80(1 obBorvor could
I      U(1mU tllftl ">o I'omlo nggroga.
',"     J'PnfiRod   tholr   opponnnls    in
fhr thn ny "1"1 c°m'»lnii»on, nnd hut
' ' ,   , brilliant work, of the visitors'
Z, .1   por  (ll°  r08n,t  wo"*"  "nvo
mJ° wlpl,1(- oft of tl10 '^font In-
!'  ' nt Ornnbrook.     Tho visiting
rflil?01,0'1 tl,r00 K0,,lH  ,n  *"HPln  RUC
ZZt two of wl,|f!h "PPonrod to the
'Tin*      nR OXft»Po™tlnBly onny.
«t„n,i ? ml»»,«8 hofore tlmo tho score
l,Ze t0 '• ln fftVor of P°"»l«. »>"t
hrnl ."io »nmo was callod off Cran-
Z» k^"0'1 ,,p' nm- ftn Intensely In)
Wc «   mmi tmwi ,n n drftw'
font »n ,,l,*rHlnn<l nrrnngomonts are on
nnd lhVlm ln U,° ^thbrldge team,
«1 of t,10y como wo ,nfty 1)0 ttB-iur-
n r Lh cr<,(ll,ftl),° Performance from
to wi»l I,l,c,t,c,m,,ors' ^ Is pleasing
1,,,? t,mt now we have a really
Home 1 "up th0 c,t,zonfl nro taking
onf tn l'1*-'*"''**- i" tl»la game anil turn
mn t0 boost for their homo team.
Wallace •
Oardnoi*. ,(
Burl an (\
1  'i*/?!
? wyT
Taken Out of Useful Occupations by
'*   ..Militarism
Tho total cost of militarism for one
year is $1,773,000,000 nearly four times
the valuo of the world's annual .production" of gold and silver, and this
does not include South and Central
Amorica. But thoso figures, astounding as they are, do not tell tho whole
. Over flv.o million mon are taken out
of usefulsoccupations and productive
work and maintained In wasteful and
dangerous idlonoss becauso of fear of
war. Trained Boclal observers, llko
Graham Taylor, of Chicago, toll ■ us
that throughout Europe mor-cand moro
of the hardest labor is being put irpon
womon. , How can it be,otherwise
when millions of able-bodied mon are
idling in armlos and navlos?' - Tf wo
should add to tho present cost of maintaining the world's armed forco' thn
11 mount theso unproductive soldier1*
and sailors mlght'oarn, on a conservR,-
tivo ostlmnto wo should-have $2,700,-
000,000 that might be- saved every yea".
ThlR'vnst amount would provide nlno
hundred thousand families with homos
worth $3,000 each. Tho wholo wo'ld
wight ho decently housed, Instead'of
living In wretched hovels, if tho money
wnslod on militarism was applied to
tlio purphnso of homes, Woro the
computation worked out, an oaunlly-lm-
prosslve showing could bo mado, giving tho quantity of food thnt might bo
purchnBod for ovory family In tho
world. In our own country, If wo
Include tho pension list, about ono half
of our rovonuo goes to military pur.
poses. Hollovod of this for ono year,
ovory hungry fnmlly could bo fod and
ovory Idlo person omployod In productive labor,
There Is no more absurd spectacl*
thnn the nations spending $2,700,000.-
000 for armlon and navies, whon no
ono wnntB.to fight,
county court judgo for tho Kootcnay
7    On Monday evening ln*t undor tht*
4 »ii|pl<«%;of tho"Methodist Church, tlio
.-rssUo Sfni«rv* 0»n'''',ll*» pr<*M»n'#v1  n
. hlgb-tlnRfl r-ntcrKtlmm-iil, consisting of
«iu>lo*, vAiidervlllo, mimicry, wblutllnnv
(»nd music,     In solo work tho mem-
bt?r*s or the cOmpttriy Hhowcd'np best,
t botlbw "pre-Brsmnii* wt* zoo$ throufb-
" o6t*''sri'd  Wffily  tppn>f|ftled
JJ Allowing nppoal of a Wostorn
°{mor Ih  still  golnr- the rnunrts   nl.
tliTIri11 lfi t0 b0 llopo,, by t,l,s t,mo
ih« 1 °r'B Pn,y ,roub,° ,B ,n havln*
>'\Vn     mm,° ,ftrB0 OMUK"'
„ftrnp* n«>. by an ostoemod contem-
!■. «I -hftt ft 70m* 1m,y ,n Chicago
£.??3rtlcu!nr that sho kneads bread
S »«? »r K,ov?H on- ™m I*tnnt* Th0
Ws ronW thf" Vmr n<*!(l8 hrmA v,th
• rrt... 7 0,,; ho nct5,,B brca'- with-his
irouwi*, on, |n.fftct(ih0 nofld| bfend
«f hi.    h,a c,oM,OB on' nnd If W>«
nuvv 1 ,lobtor.B (,on,t nay UB v**to
thin« 7 Wn,''ne«,l tiron'^wltbout; ftHy.
,. „« Jf nU on' nn,, u,lB w«storn cllm«
'" m ^ardb-u ot VAi-n.
worn n vntt nw thic mucic?
It Is Offered Free I
A flno composition for tho pianoforte by the famous composer, J. MIc-
haol Watson, has boon publlshol by
I fhfi <7f|«n P11V Or>     it T-«-,..»^     r-.i  ....
aro ablo to make our readers tho very
useful offer of n copy of this March
for Blmply paying postngo on same.
Tho composition Is not very, difficult.
Is qulto within tho reach of younir.
pianoforte players, and a wonderfully
offoctlyo piece ot work.. To obtain
a copjrforwarrt 2 cents (cost of.pOBt-
ftfje) to Tho •Zam-Iiuk Co.,*Toronto,
asking for a copy, nnd mentioning' this
- WANTRD-rllousekeopor tot. work-
Ingman; widow with two children,. Apply, ;>. O. llox 102,.City, « ^3»f
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• <
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Big Rush is Now on to
The Coming iMetrp<polis of the Great Northwest-
The Fort land of Canada    ;
(See Page 7 Of this Issue)
,'.'   Your opportunity is now and why
you(,should Invest ln tho,land of'promise:
- BECAUSE tho fertility of tho soil ln
this district Is unquestioned and has
ruA'or failed to Wwnrd tho abundant
. returns.
BECAU8E wc hr.vo" natural gas.   .'t
Is'costing Calgnry $3,C00,000 to brlnj
natural gas from. Bow Island whllo
hero wo' havo   It 450 foot below tho
'Surface, which will bo used excluslvo-
' ly as powor In tho near futuro*.
BECAUSE through Atlmbnuca Lnnd
lng go all tho northern Bottlers, including thoso for tho Poaco Illvor dis-
"trlct. Tho only foaijlblo routo to tho
Grand Prairie Ib through Athabasca
Landing, while settlors aro passing
through by tho hundreds, ovon greater
numbers nro content to remain In
Athabasca Landing,
BECAUSE AthabaRcn Lnndlng ' In
tho assured distributing contro for
tho ImmonBo and wealthy Northland;
also will be tho fur market for Western Canada. Tlio old Indian trails
from tho north convorgo at tho Athabasca Landing, so will tho stool rails
of tho railway compnny convorgo from
Athabnsca Landing,
'' BECAUSE,AthabOBca-Landing has
graded streets, good sidewalks, street
ifchUu*-- aud Wtttor ft) Atoms.
BECAU8E It Is tho wholoaalo contro
for the Grand Prairie and Poaco Itlver
■" Tho C. N. R, haB 70 square miles of
timber limits up"the Athabasca River
and Its branches, , Thoro are three
largo saw mills now in operation,
It has its-own coal ln great quantities.
It Is tho centre of the greatest
mineral district In the Wost.
It Is surrounded by tho greatest
fields of tar sand and asphalt ln the
Owing to choap gas and wator power
sites on tho rlvor It will bocomo a pro-*
mlnont manufacturing contro. NOTHING CAN STOP IT I
It Is already tho distributing point
of tho Hudson Bay.Co., Hovlllon.Bros.,
and othor. largo firms,  ■
It Is nn ideal location for a beautiful nnd prosperous olty.
It Ib a distributing centre for tho
groat fur trado of tho North,
It will bo an important railway center for It has boon provon tlmo and
time again that Inrgo cities aro always
built whoro rail and wator moot. Tbo
Northern. Transportation Company
hnvo a largo float of boats and six
largo steamers carrying freight   and'
TinaooT-p/irn tn tt\n ftrnnt TMiiph T-Mvur
District and are -unnblo to accomodate
tho great rush of settlers. In tho
year 1010 116 flat, bottomed boats
wero built at the Athabasca Landing,
and.last year tho numbor was increased,     ,     y
Bolng tho terminus of tho C. N. R.
from Edmonton and from Battleford, '
and from Poaco Rlvor Landing, and
from Grand Prairie District • also tho
C. P. It, from Wllkle nnd LloydmliiBtor
nnd tho N. T. R. from Edmonton and «
Fort Chlpowyan,
ments of business, and as a proof ot
this Btntomont we offer you for consideration the following extracts from
the official Govoinmout Cciihub. TIicbo
figures aro sufficient to convlnco the
most posslmlstlo and skeptical of Investors, There Ib no uho In arguing
against theso flguroa, for tboy nro
"facts,* nnd to show this progress Is
still going on wo only need montloi
ti'.c fact that tho prosont population of
Saskatoon Ih 10,000 nnd Mooso Jaw is
said to S-f.vo a population of 20,033.
Edmontons population Is estimated at
37,000, whllo, Calgary claims a population of 00,000. History repents Itself
and tho city of Athabasca Landing Is
now In tbo race of proralnonco and
bids fair to rival any. of tho above-
named cities in growth and progress
in tho near futuro,
pni»    prmTMPr*    n*nn,Ttr"l (»r»*»
AVhs.biti-p.fi Land In r< Heard   of   TrrnVii
Literature   soo   McCutcheon   Bros,,
Llphnrdt Block, Fornlo, B.O.
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, "     .     I-
Itamsay McDonald, Labor M.P.,
spealilng at Aberdeen; Scotland said
,that-lh* Labor.Party would bring
all the prcssure'Tft could "np^ the
lars a year for 'tbo purpose or free
modl^al stUiitlon to .school chlMner»v,
'Coinrade ^vitfrl*! Cribble-has; be*o
government lp grant flvp million, .ftol* placed 1n tho field as n psrmnn*nt
■■■» -i  *• *    .   -.-.■ '■%. ■■   :% -    ,,.
or«ajilK.r of tbe new local of tbo 80
elaljst .Party of Canada In Vancouvor. *"'"**    •       -■«■,-
. SMOtMAKEfift-CAU-4E RIOT     ,
RO0HK8TKR, Jan. HI.—Tho pollco
and reserves woro called this n-orn-
ins; to^, quell a riot of tha striking
•boemaktrr*.'   Sivem*vwV tiuiheS
■* - • .-^v -,* "wiu,,^ ... v.. ^. . .


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