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The District Ledger Aug 19, 1911

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... ;.- Political Unity is*Victory.^ .
-?nf,-«'-*.v**..".-;-^v. '-._■/,
*S.Vol.;IV., No. B2,
THE DISTRICT LEDGER. &$&$&, B., o;,'AUOUBT,'19/-1W1.
*.   * - x    . ■■*■**_* w l    ,.        *«»,-*-    ■*    ' _*f-_ "' i*.     -v.	
$1.00 A TEAR
Bddrdfof Trade Dig&into
yy y yYYjy'r'y^r- -'-„.'"*    .   * .. 7.^7-•' ■«'     " ',*'"
* . One jof the; liveliest meetings >yet
held by the .Board of Trade pharaoter:
.zed Monday^'session in the"Council
Chamber.7 Knowing that _ubjfe"cts,of
^especial"interest would be brougfit'up
thereswas-a goodly- gathering'.of the
7",business element.    )[.•.':  •'"","*.   "V
""^ J.'Br Pollock reported,the, result'qf
-his" interview- with- _W."*R. 'Ross/.*'",-*
-...'". J:-S Thompson wa_ dejegated to so-
\ ."licit* funds for; the. purpose.'of-paying
the expenses * of the'" City 'Band' to
'Lethbridge to take'part*in;s the'Band
\ contest .-"-', y: -" .'^.-*•"''• \i''->'■■';•    •'
;*■_*•/.  G.  Barclay, > president 7pi7 (the
' board, then introduced" _he subject-of
flight, power, and water the charges.for
„" which he considered .topSigh".and cohf
'\demning the application,of the'prbfits
- obtained.from Wese sources^ to reduce
... general taxation,'8whereby/owners of
■..unimproved, property/,were- benefitted
• -^to the detriment of the-users of these
-' commoditl*?."',,■«.-', *.'.77*'  7, :i,
"",; H. W7Herchmer moved that there be
! ''1k-1reddction."'6f-"rate_ to'users,',there
*'- upon. a - general -di'scusBlon- topk *' place
. ' in ;whlch'Alder__ah/gallM*B.__L7-_^Ee_
"'k'stein, t.. A.', S,- park,".i.'S. .Thompson
..-a'nd; others .vqlced^their' sentiments "at
"._ length-'.;'*) .* *.;; -fi ;:..v Yy.-' YY •*".";,*.
-•   •__* motion :iwas" then-^iintrdduced and
passed reading an*follows;;"iThat ;the
7 .city A_e requested", to "»educe "rates- to
- users,of .water,'lighted, power-owing
;,"" to' the fficf tliat ;thereji^'a .large profit-
being' made but^of-thes_ utilities.-" y'?
.- l'      '   - -'     V '    / 'l '/'[**      V  -"   \M,     .     .       I
Western Coal) O0e^dtors Association
Bid NptC^c^l^i Say to Open
^ Mie {Mfye$ycfPass
■■'The next question then brought forward .was the! salary, tb'aldermen, and
as Aid. .Wallace'was-in the room, Pres
Barclay said he might wish to retire,
hut the gentleman in question replied
that,he did no think'that,bis feelings
wouM be hurt by anything- that 'would
bes'aid/and he preferred ,to,remain..'.
Continuing his"* remarks'*'■ Pres.*--'Ba r-
clay severely criticised,the, action of
the members.. of -the civic body .for
their actions' as the",' payment' of sal
arles to,the aldermen-was not an .issue
at thet time.of"the"election and con-
sideringfexisting-"c'onditibiiB-iOcally it
was most assuredly outof place* to add
to" the', expense.;., moreover,", that^the
salary of- $100,-^month-;'was,^entirely
too,much,-tol.pay-for? the services ren-
dered''oy.'.the^l_ayqr.7_;,;71,.7 '■'r'i,;-'.,
*. L. P. Eckstein then followed; speaking- along' • similar';' lines, "and ,** finally
introduced ._'motion/-seconded by-P.
lyv pr^nttathe-Municipal Council - its
strong^'disiapproyal ]bf -sajftry'; - to\* the
aldermen;'r^ Carrie^;^||*nlmously.. 7,
Messrs:- Wallace-" and ^Bar-clay on, the'
value*; bf f-'brains" and; it-he Vfair^price
that'should ,be,paid for-.tjjem."v.*;
, .^With^a ■'unanimous ,ep nijemnation ,^of
the > falser economy*" dlsp^yed..-in *. the
failure' to-keep':the electric^ light burn,
ing, ithia.iw6s 'one of the', most "interesting, gatherings of- the Board of Trade,
adjourned.. •   ■•-■.■-**■■.•-,    'V   ^, - .*
SEATTLE, Ai*tg. 16.—A fund of $25,-
0,0 was subscribed yesterday by union
workers nonr in state convention here
to assist* the coal miners in the Crow's
Nest'-Pass'7 -■ \
7 MACLEOD,, Aug. 16.—A a result of
-,- . ' 1   ,
a two days session of the coal mine
v-    .'. - , , ' V - -   -* '     . , .
operators held here'It was'.decided to
ignore the union'and open the mines.
The-decision goes into effect at once
 n i	
,*-     \ j 1
and the mines* wjll' he opened without
delay.     The operators think th_7en-
•#► ♦"j*1.'** ♦*•♦> ♦"♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
*y-{Yi-[YYY\ 4, * ,.:♦
♦ ;* -When;amember of the Exe-,; +
•♦ 7cutlve,Board Interviewed Mr '♦
♦.*". Lewis, Stpckettj this morning ' ♦
♦•'"he stated'that the press not-*/♦
■^ ' iccsTe opening of mines were
♦ '-'not' with the official sanction
of the Western Coal Operator*.
Association..?   * '
♦'♦.,♦-♦-„♦,♦-♦ ,♦ .♦ ♦ ♦
ough men^will*be(/found to run the
mines, and that i na short time all the
strikers will be at work. Resumption
bf work will be" on the basis of the majority report of the,conciliation board
'-IT.1 1   »
signed by Dr. Gordon and Colin MacLeod In behalf-of .the operators. The
mines will be .opened*, within a few
days as soon as^arrangements can bo
made to do so.—Calgary News-Tele-
-gram. '      "'
" j ^ 1         l ^ '
Troops Called Out and are
■ ;    y •     ,1    Y'    "   - ' ' '    '    ; " " . 'L    "    . '
Given Ball Ammunition--;
Orders''Shoot to KillY
A bumper house' greeted* thist^nusi-
,'cal comedy, on- Wednesday night and
'must have delighted,the hearts of the
new management'-Plz^qeqlO'iand Com-
1 pany on .their initial effort to supply
* first class entortalnmbnt to, tlieir pat-
. rons In the Grand Theatre.. '* *'
Tho comedian playod up his part in
■ groat style and his quip*, and facial
contortions kopt the ,aud!enco., in an
intermittent, roar of laughter with biit
* brief periods ot breathing spells,
* - Tliere was no soloist's of more than
(< prdinar'y calibre and In fact the load-
'ing soprano wns not so good a elngor
as hor-rlg.it bower, who in .addition to
- a remarkably sweet volco had vervo,
form and a pleasing large-presence.
The contralto sang with volumo and
touo of a hotter fiuality than is usually
hoard In a--subordinate charactor.'
'.    "Tho Flower   of   tho,Ranch'; was
„ sprightly, vivacious and engaging*.,,Thb
. Banshee'song .wiw .exceedingly, well
. rondorod,with a clear -enunciation.
The part songs wero delightful.
Tho loading gontlomnn waa evidently suffering from a severe throat attack, honco no opportunity was afforded to docldo as (0 hia musical ability,
howovor, his Acting was of first quality.   Taken all in all It was woll up
,to the average nnd, well dosorvod tho
rocoptlon that was accorded It.
TO WORK  ;■■■■
_ f 1
1 ii_
From Slander and Hypocrisy, Good Lord
Deliver Us!
" ' ■"' "'^picnic, '"■.% _-'-■':*-
'The annual,Sunday School picnic in
connection with-the Baptist 7 Church
took place on Wednesday of this week
in the, City, Park;' where some two hundred assembled. The weather was ideal
enabling * the youngsters to havo a
good''time, participating ln .various
sports which were really Interesting
and at times exciting,' , The two main
events were tho half-mile race and tho
swimming .contest. ' Below'Is a list
of events.and names of winners.- ,
, 'R\vjmmlng race—1,' Menlo Giddings;
2, Charlie^ Gallaniorb.
Boys' race, 7 years , and undor—1,
Jack McLaughlin. 2,, Willio Lawley,
- Girls' race, 7 yonrB and under—-1,
May Stone. 2,* Laura Faccetl 3, Ktula
Boys' rnco (10 years),—1, Mervyn
■Buckley; 2, Henry Stocks.' •
- Girls raco. (10 yearfl).—Peggio.Mc-
Laiicblln; '2, Ada Harper. „
Boys raco (12 yoars)~-M. Bucklw;
2, Wilfred Biggs;,  ,    . •   v
Girls race (12)—-1, Aggie McLauch-
Iin; 2, Alico Stono.
Married Women's riaco.--Tlila wns
ortd of the,beat races of.tho day and
tho old damea can certainly _o some*—
1 Mrs. Jamieson; 2, Mrs. Lawley.
Boys' rnco (ovor 12).r-Monlo Giddings; 2, Elon Bibb. ,   ,*
Uolay rneo-O. Jamloson , and D.
Mackenzie; 2, P. MctaAn and J. Mc-
Hop stop Jump—1, Menlo Giddings;
2, Clmrllo Gallnmoro.
Boys Uac& {tor boys under 12)— 1,
Frank Harper; 2, Cyril Glover.
,^Ynrda dash.—H. Wilson.,
2/Monlo dlddlnga
Ung Jump*-1, J. McNlcholas; 2, P.
Boys' threodogged raco—1, M. Old-
dlngn nnd 13. Bobb; 2, C. Gallnmoro
and J, Morris.
Hnlf-mllo, for cup (pronont holder
M, Olddlngs)—Tlio cup was ngaln won
hv Monlo, t-hM" V^oprnlBS hits tv,"« ^,*-
porty. He wnn followed rlonply hy
Bay Ooddlnga nnd Klon Bohb.
. Young Ladles' Unco—1 Miss Wllklo;
2, Miss h, Glover.
Consolation rnco for boya—1,13. Har
por; 2, Frank ■flln'k'Mniiro
- Consolation Itnco for Glrla.—1, IC
Questa.ma .tine ha! tenuto luogo una
reunione nelle "Imperial Hotel'" quando 11 proprietaries ba,dato undlscorso
sollicitandb [i minatori aresumere il
lavoro allaatalne.' . • , 7 -*"-   '
7 Quando che _bro parlanno, non stato
assentire I pkrolll 'Laschianno entrare
de un orecchlo al altro perche loro par-
lanno,per* loro beneficlde^non per il
nostro.*,'"".'"; 7 -**. •', 7.---C.77
~Credb^Be7n6rmihator_ siamo uoiiini
e per, vincero questa' lotta la solidarita
e imperativo7,". - -''  " v* '"_ -.'* 1   -
Non stato assentire a questi avvocati
senza paga!      y -J-"       --      ,*',
A meeting' waT_ield * this morning
In the (Imperial flotel*when "the pro-
prletor, gave an address forging upon
the miners to go back to work' at the
mines. ., Fellow workers when such ad
Tice* Is given let it go in at one.ear
and;.out of tbe other,,as those giving
it do it for their own benefit alone
and .not for ours.
^Be' men nnd show that solidarity
which ls essential to win thiB fight-and
give a deaf ca rlo, these selfappolnted
and fee-less advocates!      '
time »'«?hen',we'.' are", wrestling with.' the
supreme'courts jn order to obtain foi
these dependents in: foreign lands the
right,ojt,'compensation for the loss oi
their "Jjread-; winner,, we should do "all
in our^iowerto'maintain.and-inc'reaBe
the membershipjbf District 18'so',tliat
we may/»through, numbers have' the
mean's to'pface^our case to the highest
tribunal'.i-inj.the land.- ,We have a
goodly allyrin",District 6 W.JFof'M..
and- the ,cauWls__wbrth_/_jof_much; sacrl-
Bankhead, Alta,, Aug. 13th
Editor of tlio District Ledger—^ .
, Doar Sir,—_ am instructed by tiie
membora of Locnl 29, Bankhead, to
forwnrd to you for publication in Eng
llsh nnd Polish languages the enclosed letter from tho wlfo of Thomas
Smolka, ono of bur members, in which
she-.acknowlodgoB the receipt of relief issued to her and family and
thnnks tho offlcors and mombors of
the orgnnlzntlon In District 18 for
their consideration to thorn, and hopo*.
God will help them in their efforts to
betor the workors condition.
, And now, Mr., Editor, haying discharged that duty, I would' hog foi
spaco to oxpross fry porsonnl appreciation for this letter, for lt is a'letter
addressed to officers and members ol
Dlstrlot 18 ns n body, nnd coming at a
fice.but can'only be'obtained through
unity, for to.take'the union away from
compensation .would be equal tb taking
the . hair-'. from'r* Samson,. and in " the'
near future"!while>?-3 -'retrying toTobtain a wage, that- willt-'enable ns" to
live like;respectable citizens, and meet
the Increased needs of progress and a
higher- civilization, which we can only
nttain'by combined action* of all local
uniqns.of this' district. „ We would -il?o
do\velKto remember the bearing, that
unionism has'on compensation tor
those both at home and abroad, and
this letter of.thanks will* have served
Its mission, and helps us towards tbe
time that Burns, tho poet spoke of—
"When,man.to man shall brothers bo
,tho world o'er." ,.'
' Thanking you ...
Respectfully yours,
,'       ■ FRANK WHEATLES".,
Secretary Locnl 29
According to the latest news fro*-,
London (Eng.) the situation" is' grow-'
ing hourly more serious.as.all"efforts
at a truce have' signally failed and
unless ,the unforeseen happens .every
* ' *        r        t *     (
railroad' in Great^..Britain will be involved in the most stupendous, strike
ever known iri history, as it is" expected
that all the employees of. the motive
department '.will cease work' at' midnight-(Friday): '-The efforts of-,**Premier Asquith/jChancellor Lloyd George
President 'Buxton and others .have all
failed' .0-effect a .reconciliation.
"•■'At all garrison, preparations are *
going bn apace with an activity that'
Is not .exceeded even' in war times-
and.orders are being issued for troops
to be'.despatched to the trouble centres with instructions to take drastic
measures to prevent the destruction of >
pi'opery:'      ' ,'.„'.,
The lockout of the Norwegian iron-
tt.lnera which .was declared on July
8;'-has been amicably settled, better'
WHj?es and improved condition., being,
conceded by the mlae owners. This result 'vas obtained * through the media* -
tion of'the Governm-.nt. •  <
Bystrn, Dnia 15 Augusta
Jn zona Teresa Smolka odeb ralnm
za pomoge, % Unii z Bankhead, Koron,
Cll GO Holcrow, znto Plnindzo py_y
lum sordoczny Podzlenkow/lnie do Ka-
nudy din kazdego I'rzednlka ze su iv
organlzacli w, 18, Distrlkcle zo dnja za
pomoge dia zon i din nastzych dzleci w
ten czas Jak robota jest zapnrla 1 u
Pasylam Pozdrowloniorazem z mo-
jemi dzlecml dlakazdogo Urzcdnlka w,
18, Distrlkcle w kazdym Loknlu, Bog
Pozdrawlam, TERE8A SMOLKA
Bnczcle z Drowi,     ,. „
How-to'Answer the,"Open Shopper.''
.'.When an-"open shopper" tells „ you
fin  employer-has the right to. "em-
ploy^ariy one he sees fit," agree v.ith
him.-   *•*,-,■    „ - *'* - -*   7
. 1, **• ■* *-- .   *        1^
- Wheii, a business man tells* you', a
trade-unionist, has no right to "dictate to Iiim,' agree that this is correct.
''And^when this same business__n___
TenB-r'yoti." he,' also, nas the-right "to
employ.-non-unionists, assure him that
no:,sane man denies him this gr*>at
• American right.
4,; .   "-,*,        .    ' -    .-..      *: %
.;,'And'-'■after '-you  ha-'e ,agreed" with
ybur ;jfrieiid,; - tell< hlm',' the RIGHTS
u{iion."me_i„e-joy.' Tell him/we, also
have th'e .right to refuse to work for
any one,we see fit. We have this
right, either singly or collectively, regardless, of the effect on the said
"open shopper' or business man,
', We have no right to "dictate" to
anyone,* but WE HAVE -tho right to
agree that, we will no longer patronize, those-„we don't like. Further, we
have .the right to announce it to the
"Open shoppers' nre strong on their
rlglts. but they"refuse to concede tho
samo right-to workers. When thoy
do It "Interferes with business." This
fact we overlook, nnd too ofton are
dazzled by a staggering array of mean-
Inglosss words, uttered by men who
would dony workers the snmo rights
thoy themselves Insist on, viz.:
- To work for whom thoy plcaso and
to spend their money with whom they
please** nnd to rook-**- public this fnct,
even If it does hurt.—Toledo Union
a report in this paper two weeks* ago
stating that there, was only one. minister, of the gospel who-signed the petition on behalf of.'Angelina Napolitana
while correct as a statement of fact,
is likely to -Jaiise'.-a-wrpng impression
and should have:?read .'.hatjthere'.-was,
A. very., pretty, home; wedding.? was ;
celebraffrd. at**the 'residence of: Mrs'
James - JVit-.hell, b_i'*-Dalton Avenue.-'
when the-'Reverend Hugh Grant* performed-the nuptiajl ceremony which;
uniled in'the bonds" of.' m-itrimoDy7
Raymond Hirtz,. of" Elko, and Jennie '
*- *■<>
owly one asked to sign wbo .compiled
We.learn that the,Rev.',,Hugh'■Grant
was absent *frbm home,.when the' petition ', was. circulated'" and, *t|\at ■ had he
been ..requested. to' sign ■ 'the ''petition
would have done so-most'willing. V'hav'
ing already"'expressed himself -as er(:
tirely of ?the opinion that the woman
should be reprieved. We make,this'
explanation with pleasure as we don't
wish to create false impressions at any
time. v .
_ditchel_Walker. r.   '     ry   ^.,7
*,. The bride, who is very well known, -;
throughout the Pass, but more parti-^
cularly In Coal Creek and Fernie, was
the-recipleiit bf many useful and* beau-\ -
,tlf ul ^presents. from'«-* her-* numorouis f.',
friends.who'aH'-wlsli,Jennie long life "
and happiness In-h'erVew sphere   bit
life'.  . The groom-is-the son of R..
Hirtz, Elko's old time merchant, and Is
quite a popular'young man among, Us
large circle of acquaintances,,- being
one of the shining lights of the; baseball' fraternity.   * ' '
The' happy couplo Intend to make ,
tlieir home in   that beauty spot of
Nature known ori tho map as Elko.
* _ *■•** 1
' Friday afternoon, Thomas Patrick,
the Infant son of Mr, Tatrlck Hughes,
aged 1 year and 4 months. Funeral
Sundny afternoon from tho father's ro-
sidonco, Victoria Avenue, al £..45 p.m,
thenco ib tho Cntholt cChuroh, **
Tlio Club Hnll at Coal Croak wns
crowded to Its utmost capacity Mils
(J'i'Jdny) morning when the subjtfd: for
discussion wns the action of tlio mombors of the Western Coal Oporators
ln roferenco to' their avowed Intention
to throw open tho mines on Monday
noxt. J. W. Gray wns In the chnlr
and after n fow preliminary romnrks
Board Member J. E. Smith addressed
tho gathering at length, outlining the
situation throughout the district nnd
nftor ho hnd concluded, the following
resolution wns duly movod and second
■od; "Wo, tho Conl Crook mombors of
Gladston Local do horoby ngreo 'to
stand firm nnd not to seok nor hnve
given to no omploymont of any kind
In this camp unless such employment
Is sanctlonod by tho District Board."
This' was unanimously carried in a
spirit plainly Indicative 0 ftho ompna-
tic dotermlnntlon to stnnd as firm ns
rocks through thick and throiiKh thin.
Has Passburg a Pupil
of Pontius Pilate f
OF    A
A report, ono of the many that arn
wdulotuiy circulated around town, wa.
paiiwfd along from mouth to ear on|McLnuchlln; 2, LIhIo Henderson.
Wednesday that Secretary A, J. Cnrter had resigned fr_Vtho District Executive, 'Upon calling In tlie offico
of tbis gentleman he informed us that
ho ban not, and will not resign, aa he
ii too busy at thU time to think or
do Anything,, except. atUiud lu bust-
nets connected with .the .organisation,
We hava not the illght-Mt heilutlon
lu stating that some of these roMidlri
tare started wlh an ulterior motive,
but tbeeriginaloia might ai well ceiM
their effort* r.n they trfff act tta a
We aro Indeed pleased to report that
Jamos O'Brien, who mot wltb such n
torrlblo accident recently In Seattle,
la'prograaing splendidly considering
tho «everily of hli InJurlM. Every
reason to be Horo that he will soon
bo able.gat. around, although it will
be wltb tbe loti of an in, Hli strick
ca mother It also recovering from tbe
Ktvoro shock received at the timo of
tbe newt reaching her, There's no dii
}>uUujt ihu fact, that the Irish nre a
sturdy material.     .
Ab nn Illustration of what stops
some mon will take- In ordor to gnln
their ends regardless of nil ethlcnl or
moral twnjldlo In which thoy aro pnnt
masters whoro their mntorlnl intorosts
aro not involved, Wllllnn Hamilton, of
Passburg, Is cortnlnly entitled to n
front rank position. On Monday Inst
uier-o wore U KusslniiB working,In'
tlll.0 htiilili, liTrLilL liiiiuccd to go to
work by the smooth and unscrupulous
tactics of thlt pillar of good who toi'l
thoso poor foreigners that If thoy
would ntnrt wrlc ho would glvo thom
-u o.fc.-v.u-.'-.il Una -wciuid be accept
ablo to tho organization, but when they
loarnod that they liad bon duped In
orde? .to satisfy themselves that Ham-
iltbn, had traded on their Ignorance,
thoy; with Board Mombor J. O. Jonos
accompanying them, went to Iho office
tor tbe purpoio of interviewing this dii
clple of the "unro guld," lmt n*i he
had evidently realized tliat hli hypocrisy bad been, unmasked with ■ v|lew
to attempting to coerce where he hod
failed to dupe, ho was not to ber found,
but had *ent for the mounted potlee
'When Mr. Jones, accompanlM by
Fran* PnTatlcl «■ Interpret*.; met Vr
Hamilton tho morning following he
was met by thnt Indlvldunl esoortod
by mombors of the mounted polico,
od thnt ho wished to know if ho wns
who nskod him (Jone) what his business wns there nml upon being Ini'oriu-
prepared to do thnt which ho had told
tho men in ordor to got thom to go to
work, viz,, to nvike an agreement with
tho men, to this Hnmllton nnsw^rod
that ho would not mnko an agreement!*1
•Mid the union unit if that was nil that
he wanted to tee hlm About to go
away nnn ntay away, and not put foot
on the compiiny _ ground, and upon being asked If that was Intended to apply
to all iho District Oltlcora, bo snld:
"Yos, tho whole bunch of you."    This
conversation took placo within half a
milo of tho mine,   Whon frustrated In
the attempt or coaxing tho men ho,
in company with hli superintendent,
Joe Tliomni., t.iri».ir>n<.d to put them
out of tbo shacks also tolling them
hn would put tr. m In ga'ol for leu
yean for refusing to go to wo-rk after
promising him to do ao,    Thla Is the
typo of creature wbo li evor ready
to mouth about Law and* Order, but
when he It defeated   In   bla   foxy
m*liwiiM,  th<»n  huHyin-**- nnd  bluatcr-
Inf and a show of force are hli only
weapons.     That he feels himaelf a
potty Cznr is Hliown by his nnxloty not
to allow the men cvgn lhe opportunity
of going to town in ordor to got nwny
nnd Is now doing plckot duty on horso
back so na to ensure tho ojioi'.'itlon of
the mines by thoso whom hn- ro_.nrdn
moro ns galley slaves thnn mombors
*.i iii.'.uuiu iuiiLLiLH i.uuily uDom wn0111
__<_ likx... 10 (if-to in tones ul unci Ion When tho occasion Is opportune,
but. tlmt Is not when* his self Iih Interests are at stake.
Hn drHpnrnte is tlilR nr-rsi-in to rnrrv
out Ills own plans that ho is offering
nil kinds of monoy f.r certain period
Jobs, nlBo Jobs of bossing, to thoso
who will help hlm'to fool tho workors.
Hnmllton Is tho only Individual who
Bf-cniR to lmvo lost the ions* of control as all of thu mounted polico are
acting In a manner tha reflects credit
iijiui'i Ilium and the men are as peace**
able 11 crowd as you will find anywhere
and there Is no fear of any disturbance
being started by them as thoy rcalUo
that it is only "reapectablo, Christian
E.riU-racn" of Hamilton's stamp who
tau uutw tlu via U wltb (upuully.
Of the original 33 only half a dozen
worked today. 1
In the nrtlelo published In this imp*
er two weeks ago undor tho bonding
'Thoughts of a Minor," the wrltor In
his concluding paragraph alluded to
the mon "working nround the coke
ovens,' anil whllHt tho statement Is
true In fnct, tlioro Is a possibility of
a wrong Impression being created, nnd
to obviate this wo deem it ndvlsnble to
oliicldnte. The wrltor iIouI)Hohh, in
going over 1 lio reports, hns, llko nthnrs,
failed io grasp tliolr I'swuitlul features of nil tho throe-—I.e. Hint of Dr,
Gordon'u, Colin Macleod's nnd A. J.
Cnrlcr'fl — yot If ho will look Into tho
report of tho Inst named a little more
alnsoly llO will find a ree.ttmmendnttert
fer aigeneral Increase on ALL contract
rates and a substantial Increase where
the general increase ii not'sufficiently
large to meet tho condition!. .Furlher
moro ■ tlio notice of the Investigation
Hoard was csi>oclnlly drnwn tn the
C.r)(_» ov-cn men. In .Mr. Cnrler's ro*
port ho will llkewlio find Hint'a Vi%
per ront Incronno is rccommonded on
nil day labor whero tho present, rnto
Is below I2.C0 a day, and thero are
quite n numbor of those who nre working around i_oke ovens that would be
affected by such increase
The writer o( Die article in question can rest aisurodi that ao far aa
A. J. Carter, or In fact any othor member of tho District Executive Is concerned thnt tho Interest! of all mine-
workers without distinction, whlah ot
com***. tiicluiU.*- i-ok-i. oven men, are
watched and protected to the fullest
extent nt nil times.
Tho Hornld hns beon requested by
L. Moore, secretary of the locnl Union
No.' 674, U. M. W. of A., to publish tho
lottors given below:
"L Mooro, Sccrelnry Miners' Union,
—I .enso find enclosed nn express order fqr tho sum of $31.00, being tho
proceeds ot a collection from tlio Fed-'
orated Trndos on tlio C. P. It. nt, this
point. Wc wish the Brothor Minors
every success ln their fight und will
do our bost to help them from time to
time.    Yours frntornnlly,
1     "Prosldont."
"I. P. Humphrey,—Dear Sir and
nro., — I ani in receipt of your letter
nnd choquo for $31,00, for whicli I bog
to thnnk you on bohnlf of the mombors of-loonl 574.' I cannot oxpross
how much wo nppruclato the volun-
tnry nnd unsolicited donation, Ilut \-i_
nre fully nwnro nnd appreciate tho
spirit In' which this wns given. It
|{oob to show thnt wo hnve both your
moral, ond I mny sny tangible, Hiipport, In this our grout struggle,,Thnnk
lny you n-.nln, I nm,
Your« frnti'i'iuilly,
I *•*■*• i1 IV
,A   r«n.,
largo aiiu _niiiy$ia.ite
Crowd Addressed by
Miss S, Muskat
An iittcntlvo nnd oiitniislnstlc crowd
Pttendod the meeting In tho Opart
Houso on Hunday )il«Iit when Minn (J.
Musknt delivered n very Inferestmg
nml ItiHirucllvo uddress taking for l****r
subject "Womnn nnd her position 111
socloty." tracing her history from tiiO
days of feudalism up to' the pr-went
day. At tho close of ber rem irks
ouesllons were asked and quite a lively debalo ensued to the delight and
edification pf the audience, who de-
splio the late honr (past H o'clock)
seemod In no way tired by what has
been termed "the dismal science." '_■■•-
f i.£" >_?**'*>VSri?»!-'_:,•".:
.  ^ .;-     "■ ■*.-**.'\*-**-* ,   -•»■, .-- i  -a-  «* V-v.<*-'.*. ■*■ 't,'.i^.-- »*_> '-fcv.^ A ,*(■• ■,,*"*-' -,*_; -.Tj-r.   -vC5-3^>*a.  .j, ..*•£<   C*^\ ,.v«. -i -'•■v-i'tr^-l
t-**•>/./ ,,.y*7; .--•--*-.'- -■. • Yy-yy^yy yryyy y-'r-ty y 7-7.-. v,-7.*-^>>?** 777 7.-^77:■■;; _*■' ■
.*.-* ■".
'I 'v~
»**-*fr*iH**fo:.*»^^ k-k-kic-MrkickirtcMck
*************** ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥-¥¥^r_¥^^V¥4-^¥-*l
j* g¥¥*¥¥-¥*AWH*** ■¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥jfy ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥-¥*¥-¥¥^¥¥^.
Big "Karls" explanation of the Corbin situation as told to the rner*\bers
of Gladstone Local Union at their Meeting in Fernie on Thursday, Aug. toth,
1911.      ',        ~     ; " 'j '-'_
• I was in Lethbridge on Tuesday,'Aug.
1st, when I read in the paper -tliat Corbin was working.     President Powell
was in Lethbridge at the,time, ana iie
had received a message [rgm Seer .tary
Carter confirming the newspaper 'rg.
'ports, and asked tbat I be sent into
* Corbin ai once.    I arrived at'McGlH..
vray that night and met' Board Member Smith-who was also going into
Corbin to iry to,get the men out again.
The Corbin train was standing h\ the
- depot, and 1 asked the conductor (^,.
White) tf the, train to Corbin was going out that night'   He said*."
- "I don't " know." . ,..„-■.,; ,•;.■
I said:  "You are Lhe conductor 0f
'the train, I'believe?".     .    '   .
„ He said,* "Yes."
. i*
"And you don't _ know whether <.the
.train is going but or not?"
"No!"    "-     .
, , Of course, I had been in Corbin once'
or twice and the conductor knew who
i" was and.what'my mission to'Corbin
would  be.  The'train went  out'that
, night all right and when we arrived
in Corbin about nine p.m. we found
the mines working iii .full.swing and
things certainly seemed to be boo'i*an.g
. for 'the company.     ',     '■       )    .
Board • Member, Smith , and  myself
along with the local secretary,1 at once
started to visit the houses and shacks
^tri talk- things' over, with the men, a
proceedings* which, wo kept up until
nearly 12 p.m. .We'followed the' same
.tactics the following morning ana called a. meeting- for three o'clock.^  -qTOi
, " Smith'interviewed'the General.'Mana-
^ 'ger and'asked permission to post not
ices at thymine mouth.    The manager
' stated lie'-could not allow him to _n
,s-nea!r„'the' mines,* and- that only €m_
-*7ployees'were allowed up there,     -q'.q
"J Smi'lh then stated that he would get
.    an employee to post the notices if that
_    was the only-objection, but,he refus-
"" ed to allow.the notice's to be^hosted
ur.      A * short, while  afterwards  the
.^'manager' posted a notice up "to the effect that all meetings held ,in the Union
Hall must be open to the public, as -no
/rent had been paid for,the rooin this
" year!   I<may say,* no* rent'has' been
' paid'at'any* time for the room,' nov
■ has any been'-asked for, because the
room is not yet completed..   However
in' opening up the in.nes. -He told ihe
men that if-.they, stopped work again
his company*were goiufe to close tbe
mines down* for an indefinite * period
and stop the train and goodness knows
what. they  were not going to "do.
We replied, pointing out the ridiculous position he had taken, telling the
men -that the company-.wevo in this
business for profit-, and ■ that' to -.talk
of closing'the mines down for an,indefinite period'was absurd, and, that
the eomp-my were so anxious to "work
their mines that they did not object
to,, employing scab labor. .A vote was
then taken, which was as follows, for
continuing work 41, against 32, a majority in favor of work of .9. It'was
soon made apparent", however, that a
mistake had been made, some of the
foreign speaking-, men, having voted
thinking they were voting for to quit
work, so after, the Manager nnd Board
Member Smith (who returned to
Fernie) had left the meeting, I took
another vote, when every man voted
to stay, at home the following day,
Next,day the company held another
meeting, when, they had a JeW from
the sawmill as interpreter," ' Previous?
to this I held a meeting up in the' bush,
having had to go up there in order t'o
get' clear of the' company's spotters.
Ij-had 63 men at'my meeting. Just as
I was closing my meeting the Manager
came up to me and?said: "Karl, will
you take $100- to take these meii out;
of Corbih?7"',      ' ' , ;   '
I turned-round to the men and said.
"Boys, "would you like to go to Michel
and have a'drink?';. •-.-'_
The 'men. said, "Yes:" and commenced to 'laugh." . The manager seemed
to get.mad at this and said:
J"J will give you $500 if you will take
them out."      "        •   • '
J'l asked the men if they would like
to go to. Michel and let the Michel
boys have, a drink with them, they said
"Yes!" and laughed again.
.he manager says, "Are you* going
to*take my offer?".
-"I said, "Yes!"'       • ,      *■[..*
He said,' "Well, I think" I can''" get"
them out cheaper than that." *"';, ,, ,"
- After 'that we all went to the 'compnny,meeting, where, one of, the7dlsectors (Mr. Roberts) was the-*principal
speaker.- Ho spoke on much .the'same
lilies as'"Mr" Smith • (the* manager) did
at the previous'meeting, the'only difference'being that.be told the men he
did not"want to bring men,"in from the
was the company's meeting,,and that
I would not('be'allowed to speak,
said that if I was not going to be allowed to speak I would leave the meeting.
So bidding him good day _ walked out,
and everyone"of the 63 followed'me.
After.the meeting I met Mr.-Roberts
and lie said:    *>, ' ^ 7 * -      -      ,'»' -,
."Well, Karl, how many men did you
have?""*" *.. - "'-, '"' "* 7 ' ,*
"..'said,'"Sixty-three."     *   "      *    *'
He said, "Well, * I had 66." .(
' .1 said," Well, you got the majority,'
Mr. Roberts, but we will see how many
men ore.at work to-morrow morning."
' I don't know where. he got his , 66
votes from, but I hear that the school
teacher, .the butcher, the doctor-and
all Jthe store and office clerks, also
the train and section men, voted, .There
was some ladies present, and I guess
they voted also.       .,
or of,any. other claSs-must be solved
by the church^-'It is natural that'Ger-
inan socie'ties'iihould attempt to lead
for their members are familiar ..with
these questions as a result of the'share
Germany audi the. German "Catholics
had in working them out "under the regime of Bismack."-   '    " ,*7'   "';•"
Towards the close of his address the
public school question cropped - out
when Donner Houched. dn educational
questions-'as^related ,to religious matters and asserted • that each ,-year-.. 16,-
000,000 children,*are passing through
■"Godless schools.", . "' * ■, J'   .
"When he had'opportunity .to get the
floor',-;Principal B.- McLaughlin, "of, the
Dewey "School,- Chicago,'*declared' that
the ^public schools* were ,hot.Godless,
and he served notice that he intended
to discuss that/question at length later
on. 7        " •*,"•.-       ■'•
Louis   Publisher, Fears   Eventual
*   Triumph, of Revolutionary
Ideas—How Terrible .,
are  Always   in   Danger of* Becoming  Dependent
'ger. (Mr. Gus Smith) aM', one 6.'two
of his petty officials came to the meeting'. \Brb.'"Smilh, Mi?,s Muskat and
riiyself spoke at some length on the
situation, pointing, out to tho men tlie
bad effect their action in going to
work was likely to havo on the r<_s_
of the men throughout the district.
Manager Smith'was granted U.e pri-
vilege of speaking, and he 'attempted
to jusilfy the actIo*i of his con.]*_!jny
SPRING BANK, Wis—Socialism and
the attitude.of the Catholic church,toward the public schools came in*for a
share of discussion when the Central
Vereih of the Social Propraganda Society " of the German Catholics was
organized this week."     '
Nicholas-Donner, publisher of the
German Catholic papers,.in St.1 Louis,
and" chairman of the 1> Social Reforms
Committee',' presided over-the'first session' and . acquainted .those' present
with the plans.- ',    •
Describing .the problems, that "confront the church," he declared that unless something is done to, establish
government" under' a.. christian order,
Socialism will, eventually triumph and
social disintegration will be "the result.
Donner declared* that while the peaceful side of' Socialism is all that has
been manifested up to'this-time, the
real.purposes pf'Socialism are disguised only .for''__7time. ,\",Marx and
Bebel the teachers - of-' revolution
and advocate, force to establish the
kind ofgovemment' they seek," said
Donner." In Milwaukee, he said, Socialists,'are''concealing their real aim
under cover of a reform to which any
Christian citizen might subscribe, .but
beneath "it lies the original Socialist revolutionary, program.      '    *    '.    *
outside districts lo'work his mines;"
that he could-get 150 men from Washington, but he did not .want, them, ancl
that tliej** (the Corbin men) were ttie
finest.lot of men in the Pass.- I asked
him it.he thought his manager' held
the same opinion of the men as he did.
He said he was sure of it. I said that
was strango, because a few' minutes
before the manager had offered me
$500 dollars to-take the men out of
the'place.    He told'me then that this
By Louis,D. Brandeis, Boston.Lawyer
American democracy rest's.upon the
basis of the free citizen. _ Politically
an American* workingman" is ■ free',':, so
far as laws_can,make him so,;but is
he really free. "Can any,man'be i*eally
free who is .constantly , in ''danger of
becoming DEPENDENT,for mere "subsistence upon "somebody ;.'and ' something else than his own' exertion, and
conduct?,     i,, ",. \     ,'"'-.    '■ '    **' '
Men are not free while" financially
dependent- upon the wlll^of other individuals.,'. Financial dependence is
consistent with " freedom, only where
the claim "to suport rests, upon right
and not upon favor.'
The cost,-attending freedom is usually htigh, ,,and ,-the cost of providing
to the workingman • as'.- essential to
freedom -a comprehensive and adequate system' of" insurance -jvill PROVE
to  be.-no', exception'to''this  general
rule.'-,   ;;,. .    7        .   -.
Few ' intelligent" property owners
omit to insure-- against * fire. * - Everybody recognizes.-'the fire insurance pre.
mtum as "a current .expense, and yet
the' chance -of .• loss by, fire is *■ very
slight as compared with the chance
of - loss to a . man, by, sickness,," accident or premature deatli.       '- "• "
Every intelligent riianufaclurer'mak-
es in some'form a* regular, charge,for
'depreciation"fit, machinery and plant,
and yet\the< depreciation of a man
through.',invalidity and superannuation
is not less certain ,and frequently, more
severe' than-the" deioreciation.of'ma-
est.national "peril,*! Donner continued.
"The peril that menaces. above all
others is the-loss of Christianity iri
private life.* We are pressed by a condition similar;to that-'-in the Roman
empire before the Christian era, when
.religious life was vanishing. We must
in'the church take the "practical problems of* life unless we would invite
disaster., The problems of the wago
earner, tho farmer, the small merchant
chinery— Industrial Index.
♦ *
♦ .
Buyers9 Guide
1 ' ° *• i
Spend Tour Money  with   These
General Merchants
Trites-Wood Co,
Crows Nest Trading Co.
,,.   Philip Carosella
Weber's Store, Ltd.
Your Bank Acct.
Bank of Commerce
Bank of Hamilton *'
Home Bank
.Imperial Bank
•Ml" Market Co,
Calgary Cattle Co,
Fernie Dairy
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Motel
Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal Hotel, "
King's Hotel
Coleman Hi*itt»l, f»cicri,
IUjaI H.U), -Neiio-
Real Estate
C. E, Lyons
M, A. Kastnsr
Joe Grafton
i. 6. Ou-El
Trites Wood
J. M. Agnaw «. Co., Elko,
Sewing Machines
Wm. Barton
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy A. Mangan
Fernie Lumber Co.
Billiards and Pool
.   W. Ini*mm, Club Cigar Store.
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co.
P, Carosella.
How to travel
i  Over the Great Northern
it | . llll!
Second Hand Store
G, Radland
When you're dry
Mut_ Extra '
Livery Bf Covinrrp
George, Barton
Dr, Wrialeiv.ortln
. Dr. Darber
Rots, MeDonald and Lane
Eckstein _ McTaggart
Law* A Flsfur
-'im'p'rov'ed CONDITIONS
■     -       -.-'.Vi,     '
*l -     ——— '
Workers'Do .Better Without "Aid" of
Government's Arbitration Act
WELLINGTON, New Zealand—That
a strong industrial organization is able
I o-1 force greater concessions from the
employers. Mian-any likely to be accorded to tho workers i.rder the much
touted arbitration act would seem to
be 'proven by the fact that the p..id
miners of Iho Waltil fie'dE, who have
just;held their-first conference ivlth
tho bosses Mure cancelling their re-
g'su-fltlon under Mie act liavo,so*3'ired
very material gains without a fight.*
A general abandoning of the government's arbitration policy ls npt to
follow if other bodies "of organized
workers met wltli tlieBiiccess that the
minors.did, according to the'followlng
artlclb ln the Maorlland Worker. ■
A mask meeting cf tho Walhl
Miners' Union was hold to consldor
the delegates' report from tho second
conference with the mining companies.
V,, E. Parry, prosldont, presided.
MoBHrs. Somplo, organlzor, Vlco-President Gaynor, „the executive and com
mlttoo, nnd Walklno branch ..officials
■ttoro on the platform, Nearly l.'.OO
members wore, present. .
The nrosldont'emphnslzed tho fnet
tlmt whilo nt the first conference thn
coiupimlcs had declared that th<> Inst
word wiis spokon, after the'matter
had beon roforrod to the Now Zealand
Fodorntlon of Labor their uncompromising attitude wns completely broken'
down. Ilo outlined tho proceedings
from tho first nhorllvo conforonco, the
meeting of tho federation oxocutlvo in
Wellington, nnd tlio subsequent conference. He dealt with tho domnndn
conceded by the company, nnd while
slating ho was not ablo to toll them
that nil thrlr demands had boen grant-
od, yet, considering the opposition nnd
mlnroproRenlntlon mol with, they had
dono vory woll. It was tliolr first conference since cancelling their registration under tho Arbitration Act, and he
wnH uuro that oven hotter luck would
nttond thom In lho futuro.
Mr. U. Semplo said when he first
camo to Wnlhl In connoctlon with this
Industrial dlsputo ho wns denied admit*
tunc, to tho conforenco with tho min-
Inn companies, An-they knew, that
Aland wns broken donn ae toon as
the strength of tho federation was
broiiKht to bear. He declared that
bi'iU'i* cB-icossIons wero obtained than
If llioy hnd gono to tho Arbitration
Court. The miners knew what opposition thotr delegates had to fight,
what cownrdly attacks, both personally nnd officially, they bad met with.
W In tl\< face of all theae ohmtarMt,
conditions were granted them that
vx'il. uuu:i* yiiut-d by the Arbitration
Court, Ho referred (o the scab or-
ganl-zfltlon, but felt sure after all had
••■N-n «ftM about If, no more would
be heard of It.
Afin timber discussion five «gr«*-
nii-n'' v.tu cuiTtcd with onfr n*""'*
forty dlsicntlents, nmldst enthusiastic
«h*-orlng. •      !
That the striking;seamen,"of/Great
, "V, -, ov   ' -'■**    I     ' ***„. '
B.iiain have been able to. obtain practically all they, demanded iscertainiy
a matter for congratulation„'and it'is
to be" hoped that. their * success "* will
stimulate them to demand still more in
the near, future. . For, despitethe concessions' obtained, the" condition's-*of
hfe'for.the workers in-the shipping industry - are • still wretchedly inferior
i " ' \    ■  i , -*. ,,
ana * susceptible to' vast. imprcve-rieni*.
.The fact that Great'B'ritain-hns'but
some six week's* stock'df food dn hand
at any time,and is absolutely,,dependent on",sea transport for supplies," is"
the main reason for the" speedy victory
of the workers in the shipping,industry. ■' A knowledge of this" fact combined with a more.solid organization
would place them in a position of tid-.
vantage with regard to their exploiters
that lio other" wage earners possess.
It is too much to hope, of course,
that the victory of the'seamen, will
disintegrate that infamous organization known as the Shipping Federation
but If it weakens its power to aiiy appreciable degree the effort will be well
worth while.;      "  ,    ,      .', -.' ^-
The Shipping Federation has liad
things all its'.own way for the last
twenty-five years and has reduced "the
sea-going population of the kingdom to
a condition of slavery and degradation
almost inconceivable.- It waged relentless war on the .unions, and'literally;, exterminated them, forcing its
victims to-secure'its'permission as a
condition of employment.*. .It organiz-,
ed scabs and'strikebreakers in.every
European,port as well,as _n,the ports
"of the United Kingdom,. and everywhere, waged" merciless war against all
.attempts to organize on the part cf
the worker^.' It is responsible for the
presence of some forty thousand cheap
Chinese" and. Lascars in the" British
mercantile marine and it has driven a
.similar * number of native seamen out
of*it.  .-And not content with this, it
^      . ,,--_...
has further humilitated the seamen of
England by .actually stamping their
flesh-with'its'official seal, as cattle
a;v branded on' Colorado ■ and Taxas
finches.     . •
-i, . ■ ■   *
•'The present strike is'the first considerable revolt against these ab'jiniii'a-
tions that lias occurred in twenty years
pnd the first in wliich anything worth
mentioning has'been won. -,  Jy
' The power to starve 45,000^000 people is 'an'"asset which",the"* transport
workers of Great "'Britain should use to
-their^s r<eatest-possib le,ad vantage^ Jand,.
no'ethical consideration-should deter
them:--* It Is this same power of'sta.;
vatiori that the. exploiting classes, have
always relied'upon to'compeV'the'surrender Jof the wage workers who'might
revolt against1 the conditions imposed
upon them!" It is the power whicli the
Shipping Federation 'has remorselessly exercised for, the last quarter of a
century.   '   ^ ,        , , ...  7\*
'And as-*a matter of fact, lt is the
power through the exercise of which,
British capitalists beyond all-Others,
have been ablo to amass • Inconcelva-
Steam-Heated  Roomi;
**• ,-'. * ,, —"   ****,". *-J,   ***■ ,L
\yy 'yyiyr *v
'*..'   ■ ■*■• '*.-'.*.-*,.-V •:.-.■
\" y-y   -i .;    ■ -  .. ,..:-Jf.
.   7 Hot and.'Coid Baths .
, *,-   . ■ .'•  .j;   , - i,r.-.v    .     -• -.     ,        ^'    :   :••-   ^   i.-.s-,i* •   . •• •--,
fernie's , Leading ..Commercial v H ptel
.The Finest'Hotel in East Kootenay
Jlh.,'GATES, Prop*.-
-^ V - - *
p "-■- _s
A   -
1 - '.
Capital Authorised
"Capital'Paid  Up   ,
*    HEApOFFICE(lTORONTO 7       . ■> y.
.'.$10,000,000.00'. .Capital 'SubscrlVpd '..':. $5,575,000,
.. .$5,575,000'     Reserve Fund ;:;;,.;. 7V,'; .$5,575,000
WILKIE,\Pre.ktent.    .HON, ROBT JAFFRAY,-VIcp:Pres7
'     7'    7 BRANCHES   IN   BRITisH COLUMBIA ,t ;7,   'y,y[
Arr-owhead, Cranbrook, Fernie^ Golden, Kamloops.'Michel,-Moyie','Nelson,
*  «'    Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.** ''*.-;K . '7'-,
■ P. Ir.terest allowed "on deposits at current rate from '.date) of deposit.. '■■
.FERNIE BRANCH ',.      GEO. I. B.BELL, Manager   ,
MANY  FEET   ,"'.    '"   - ,
OF LUMBER......    \   ...
" ."-ard wasted; when * it is not of-'
;■.; "first, class quality." '. Knots and'
,; -sknot'holes, soft ..spots,-etc./are,
. 7 . o_V.no' use,;,yet all" have .to. be *
,7 paid:foi73us't'the'',same.'" J-,. ( ,"
EVERY' FOOT1 OF,   -;,.;' ' .7 *' *      **''
,OUR- LUMBER*      -.^7x'7v"7'  '
' can-be used;   'We. select it, so
carefully that all '"culls"' are re-'
."    moved, * leaving, only -first' class
-  ..,serviceable stuff,for,'your.use7
. "u* - - Practice real * economyL by ' buy-
,■ - -;ing "your.'lumber here.", 7'*,. v
•-   v*-
Stanley St. ^ > ,;Nelsori
ble wealth for more than a century.
Not only did they use It tis* a threat,
but have deliberately and'systematically starved millions of the British
people, until?the national vitality has
been brought so low' that their own
capitalists state has been 'forced to Interfere ito avert irretrievable disaster.
That tills power Is now passing into
the hands of the .workers who transport across tho seas moro than seven-
olghtB of the total food consumed :n
the kingdom ls an encouraging fact,
and it should bo used to tho utmoot
limit by them in the struggle against
exploitation; ^Bod finally for the abolition of the. class which has starved
England beyond all other peoples nf
the earth, for Its own powor and
profit.—N. Y. Call.
Best Family and Working man's
Hotel In City;, nicely furnished
rooms with' Bath. .'. Beds, • 50c.
each, nieals, 35c-     .   .    "
A Union "House
Prop., J.,S.,BARRATT
Adjustment of Claims
In the House ,of Lords, beforo the
Lord Chancellor, Lord Atkinson, Lord
Qorell, Lord Shaw, nnd Lord nobson.
Judgmont, was given In an nppoal
brought by Honry Kenton', who had
been a collier In the omploymont ot
tho rospondonts, tho Lowls Morthyr
Consolldntod Colllorlos (Ltd.) Involving a quostion ns to the right of tho
court to ndjiiBt tho claims of parties
by sotting ngalnst an omployor'B claim
tlio wagos duo to lho workman.'   On
the ground that Kenton hnd wrongfully absented himself from work, tho
employers clnlmod.damages for broach
of contrnct, nnd that the wages duo to
hlm be ascertained nnd the respective
claims for damages and wages (which
woro not payablo nt the dato of the
hearing of the summons) adjusted and
sot off by tho Court,    The contention
of tho appellant (who had beon un-
success.ul  in an  me courts  Onion,)
nut, ilul ai llu iU.t* ut ._.<.* hvnilun,
there being no claim for wages, ihero
was nothing for the stlpondary magistrate to adjust nnd sot off ngalnst tho
respondents' clnlm.    The retipondcnta
.-l»k.*CvI •_U_.'l \Lx, 'llj.^,ti   .tU_'_._. LhiK. WVvU,
enrned constituted an existing claim
on hit part, and that It waa not necessary that ho should havo formally preferred a claim for them.
Lord Atkinson, who dollverod tho
leading judgment, nnld the rjnAiflon
for decision turned on Soction 3 of
the Employ-v/. nnd Workman ^ct **f
1875, which was passed to enlarge the
powers of tbe county courts. And it
had enlarged them in a most remarga-
ble way. The court might now, under
tfcia -my i-wU-m., gjre rrti-tf irhteh
not only wan never elnlmed by either
of the parties litigant, but which wit
I directly .''In conflict    with the relief
claimed, setting af naught-the rights
thoy respectively Insisted- upon. ; It
was obvious that this peculiar quasi-
parental jurisdiction' was conforred„ln
the Interest of industilal" peace,"and
should not be hampered by rule's-of
pleading. That being tho object of
the Statute, was there,, in .the case of
any dispute', to secure the adjustment
of all claims for dobt or damages, wag-
ob, or'other liability subsisting *-between thom, any • previous ugopganoC
ween them.'any provisions, of tho. Statute ,so clear and imperative as to
prohibit the exercise of tho benevolent
Jurisdiction' conferred by It ln such
a caso as the prosont? , Ho thought
the words claims which the Court,
"may find to be subsisting" were adequate, though not happily choson fo
lndlcalo olnims, which tho court might
find either pnrty had tho right to mako,
whether thoy had, ln fact, put them
forward in the litigation or not, and,
thoroforo thnt tho county-court Judge
had ln this case power to mako tho order bo.mado, and that tho Judgment of
tho Court' of Appeal was,' thoroforo,
right nnd Bhould ho affirmed.
Lord Robson read his judgment to
tho snmo offoct, nnd Lord Qorell nnd
Lord Shaw concurred. Tho Lord
Chancellor, Intimating Mint ho was of
the samo opinion, moved that tho appeal bo dlsmlssod. Tlie appoal wns
accordingly dismissed with cosls.Daily
Telegraph, London (lilng.), July J7,
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor, Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
. Gents' Furnishings
Some Fofty-flve or Fifty, Men havo Run
Away,From the Canadian
OTTAWA, Out.—Mr. 13, J. Ling, see-
rotary oftho naval department, when
1 nn,, i.,ir«......' n,ni  tit
tfCtl.      _ lj_k«» l»_.»,»     »MV     .........L.. ,	
mm hnd flrrortrd from x\\e orulwor
Rainbow on tho Pacific coaRt.atated
that thoso desertions had boen going on
evor alnce tho cruiser wont to Esquimau station,   Higher pay olsewhoro it
„i,,,,.   tx rr  ♦.» f>  j»n.rtrtri
"It la not an uncommon thing for
men to desert from warships on the
Pacific Coast oven in largo numbers,"
said Mr. Ling "It has been done
from, imperial ships stationed thoro
tlm*. 'aiid tirttio again. < You soo wages
are high on tho coast and as iho naval
d/vpsHmf-nl Is naturally unftWo to pay
the prevailing rale the men deneri
and obtain work elsewhere at moro
money. I do not know offhand the
total number ot men who have,deserted from tbe Rainbow since the went
t*> ihe Pacific Coast, but would aay
Wr'have lh*i he** •nnn*»y
ean buy ef Besf, Perk, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
EDO*' Fish, "Imparaior Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausagai,
Walnars and Sauar Kraut.
that forty-five or fifty wns approxl-j&,iiu&i_s.\_Ji^i_
Electric Restorer for Men
Pliainhonal nMtem *r*ryn*rra In Ihe body
'       * ' id «H iwo-!
UM*. 'ill'i'*!
• w,.vif tfxirn
H<"«.n«H llruiT
vim ani -lUlur. rrtnutar. i%»y tn-i ill i«i*.a«{
m*li« jot|*n*wie*iv.  "■*    ■""** **
P»1.« Mi tot.nr tt' It*
mntclj** .otrecf. *
(For Salt at Blt.idtll's Dmo Store —iiL^^'^*'^-v *.-'J''*- vS<*^! "T*"^^. '^J!^i^i!F^-V■■^-'^W^'-■vi*"■ c'w'**sv.';,^* "I'^l'i -*' *:ii**>?_l*?i-- iP3* e*. ■■■''-; *^i" ■*tSK-i.!Jr^i**p
7-7.,7*7•-""""7;HY1;:YylY*z^Yi^:'iri?:[YYYY■ ;>l* .?-■**-?--7yY'Y'7;yyy^mY-'7*
xyjyryj^^iirsyj-Yy•■'"■*/y'iiyj,y t*y-~-*'•■•'.7:i.v-17*777-'''"yy:Yiyy-yr '
-, ■**"* 4     *1
•v-*™**-*^*, j"*"
> i.**
Lemieux Act, is Tried .
Out and" is 1- Found "to ,
Have Utterly,, Failed V
i. ivj
, i ',*
,,*,yy-f*;The'Concilia'tion" Board.set.'up under
*' ii7 \' tfce'Lemieux" Acl' in.Ap'rlP last 't'o'deail
. ■_• y =\ with'* the labor.5 trouble,; in" connection
'i* 777\vith the coalmInes!6f.'tbe"'Crbws Nest
Yy. ''v^as8*_acawely;met . the" object, of ;the
•'J? ■',7 law.".In* its': manner --of ^conducting the
V s'7,,inquiry.-'' ..The aim of the'Lemieux'Act
ii';',";** 'was to secure full publicity to ail sides
7' Y'i- °*"the ^tyer .inj dispute with- a view
y i-J tbraiiowihg public1 opinion.to'form a
^ 7, .•.,' reasonable judgment and1 then.rely,on
Jy ~J ;the. fbrceibf that",oplnlpns;to*eliminate
ijy y the 'unreasoiiabje attitude \ of ./either
^y< ,'slde and so bring about,,a* settlement.
»|V.rl ..When, ^ho-Board permitted", certain
',;;, 7; of the,proceedings .to .be-.'carried1 on
J"->', -in camera, tliey' "'took. ..the  first . step
7 7 7 to nullify the object they "had in view,
.* .7,7 , as well a[s the . purpose" of the, Act,
,.'vwlth' the 'result that' several .boards of
•'*, trade and ,'other public'organizations
, , urged'the Minister of._ Labor* to inter-,
v"'''..,.   vone.'.     , ;-*•'■ ■'    '.-    _7-J,* ,7.--     ■•■'
-,.,. ^ ^Tlitf wage'question seemed^ to be' the
,J ', ,,-_ main -cause [ot dissatisfaction, oii .he
;.'7 -part of the men, and the evidence that
L ' -   has "",'beeri published ' showed' a leglt-
;!,-7', ,;,mate cause;qf complaint* 1 :As.*we have
j:^"7r_PQlnted'o^t..the'cbst of living iiasbeen
'',"7"7;Boing steadily*,up'for some'time, with
**7_**"7.the result I that; wages.,have i less pur-
|;.7^7'chasing pb'wer'frcini year to year, and
S"y ?-l*eri a man*finds.he cannot keep'him-,'
r*j7'7'self'and. his family in comfort on his
7^'   "fc_rnings,'dissatlsfaction~"is~ bound "to
■^"v I   reult.7 If "increased cost of living over
7" -,f;.akes .i"? Increase lii wages, as it does,
Y the,- workman'* is no better■"off 'tlmn
,'.*•_.■ beforehand the result is,a' demand for
-J;'7furlher7'ncrease anc perhaps'.a tti*ll*'j
["" to enforce the dem,and. vThe,,mine op-
V'.rators' are', nol' only up- against,the
_., -demand for Increase bf wages jn.con-
*;    'sequence but- they finds their1 mine■ sup
id ies and* machinery also steadily r,s*-
,,r ing in price arid-they must'incur heavy
.  "'additional expense to comply^ with ihe
laws as-to compensation^ and protec
tion of their employees;] •  They find
the margin between cost' of/production
',-.and selling,.price so?diminished,-tliat
* ' "they are'either .forced "to"'re'sis't tbe
.- ' demand forjncreasd'wages or. lncreas
the price'to1 the donsuinef." ,_The cbn-
„'   sumer naturally, resist." this" increase,
.calls-the" mine* operator. a-."pirate,."nnd
., .the, members of the legislature demand,
y as .they did -last- session,' that .'an*ln-
* *--vestigatioii be made,of the,accounts'cf
n'^the operating companies, ap'ropo'saltd
7 -which the companies should,not havo
'* any objection.   '". ■ *'~* 77i-7,7." * :'".-
'..".The cause of'the.rise ,ln .prices* is
.due to manufacturing combines -"j and'
t*fust!s*!qperating,with watered stbckt'|to
provide' interest^ and .^dividends _,on
which" prices "are so'increased'thai with
fixed charges -fhey are .often" 80 per
cent* over the .ost, of production.* This
bogus capitalization and-hold up price
system "la,,further protected by, high'
tariffs, andiwbeii any attempt.ls made
to - remedy;-'matters' by7 removing' the
tariff rsk'M Britaln7 or rediiclng.it'
kft^is propose'd'ftunder: the -Canadian-
American, reciprocity --pact,'""tho"' representatives of thetrusts/combines, and
.fln^'cialJnstItutIons''which' thrive on
them' shouts 'patriotism'^ and "annexation,'! and the unthinking public imitate the, star performance so that it is
difficult' for 'economists' to carry: into
effect a.remedy that would at least
mitigate the evil.''     .■,'„-   '";  J
While .prices.'of "commodities'con-'
tinue to rise'so "must"wages; and wheii
coaFor any .other .operators have to
pay Increased .wages, * and -" increas.d
prices for. cost" of supplies,' and pro-
Vide the safeguards which*public opinion demands through* legislation,"so
must.the'prlce.of. coal rise, in common
with every't^lng'else, to ttie .cycle of
increase; with'Usv"attendant labor and
other'troubles.-'7 _,,., ','''.7'* ■
', ,Ih' the case" of the .Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Company..the mischief has-been
increased;,by tlie-'fact that*this c'om-
pariy.'is controlled—not by,the smaller
shareholders,'as formerly, but by two
great-consumers of coal and coke-^r
the"Great Northern,Railway Company
and the .Granby Consolidated - Mining
and-Smelting Company. . - These co.m-
pantes'naturally acquired .'this control
for the special advaritagestheyhope to
reap,'and-required that their-supplies
be provided at' cost. . ^According tb
the evidence "of Manager -Wilson these
supplies are'being made under the cost
The public pay, schedule "rates,and any
profits made'-by the,company are froni
what it supplies,,"th. public.',, Since
the* interests of these'two corporations
secured control there has1'been .precious little available ,in .'the way of
dividends as under,the former manage-
menti'and we'knbwof'famllies In Eastern 'Canada-whosb1'investments were
put into- the'shares*,of this-company
and svho have'^feen "reduced"'to 'desperate .clrcumstance's;sfrbm,:"'the/ fact
that, they .'receive little, or'no return
on .'their capital from^what.'should be
one, of the sounde'st"'and most1, profitable
.mtnlni- MitnynVloao ln_*n_.frt-_V_"_r__^l..-_i_Ki_._
. .K.- ——.vw.^.!  .w^^.r -aaa.a^. .V.V.L-\t\l,t\llA\ltl IC
It-is this condition of-affairs" that is
probably '-respbrisble -'for,, the. demands
of some bf the'boards'of-trade — that"
the 'government should "enter into *• possession of and operate these" mines'in
the public interest;, cpal bei*dg one" of
the fundamental necessties*of,the industrial and domestic life of the people. 7* ' '"-}'"'■''-• ' '."..
.' Under such circumstances- it was
utter, folly on the part of "the "commission to consent, to .any private hear,
ing. Rather.the same stand should
have been taken as has been taken
by the Railway Commissioners—that
all documents and evidence coming before the board should be-fully available to tho press and the public.
It was this false step that nullified
the work of. tho Board at its Inception
and gave 'rise to much public dissat
Isfaction. '       . ,'    \
Another feature of the dispute is the
store system carried on'| by some of
the operators. No, company employing labor should be permitted to run
contra store accounts with Its employees. - Such a system affbrds'.an opportunity for.an unscrupulous'company
management to hold up Its employees.
The system is illegal in British Columbia, and if-the Keilie Truck Act
on the statute book were'enforced as
it should be .'every such store would
betput out* of business. A"similar
law ls in force in nearly every BrI'tish
community and is enforced with good
results as between employer and em-
ploed. *   ■'*■
; Organized labor ■ is very much "in
the hands of Its officers. If these
are not level-headed men they are apt
to/ran the employes Into a position
that'* is neither, , just * or reasonable,
biit with good officers there is no reason" why disputes should not be settled
on-a fair and square basis. ' We see
the "working.6f organized.-labor on the
r'ailwa'yij. where there is invariably a
policy of■ give and take, and though
some' times "it may take quite a time
to'reacbua settlement, the argument is
carried bn without .'cessation of opera'-
tions'and public inconvenience. Eternal justice'must rule in labor'dlsputes
as in everything else," and if boards,of
conciliation will in.every case.insist on
the fullest publicity, - tho information
soon sonveyed of the merits bf the dis
pute enables-the( public to'form a fair
opinion, and this is probably the most
important factor,in bringing about .he
settlement of such disputes as call for
government~inter vention—Th~e~Britis_f
Columbia' Mining 'and Engineering Record.' ' ,' ■
♦*. "'....>'.-■. -,.      '♦
We^ould eglPattention to' •
all miners -that-there is a ■
strike on .throughout District   •
♦ " *8», Including ^Corbin, and not   <
♦' to. accept statements to  the'-.-
♦ contrary issued by, interested - *
♦ ; parties.1 -*.    - ~.q . **•*'•'
♦ ;,      yy\ ■ 1 -, 7'7.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'♦ «#* ♦
Tho text of a bill has been issued,
which will endeavor to ostabllsh'a Mlnlstor of Labor. This has been pre-
Dented lo the House of CommoiiB, and
Is supported by Mr. Keir Hardie. Mr.
Burns, Mr. Jowott arid. Mr. Sriowden.
The objoct bf tho bill is to establish
a Minister. of • Labor for' the better
organization of thb labor market, for
the prevention of unemployment, to
regulate and in cortaln case's prohibit,
child labor, and to establish a geriornl
minimum wago for tho adult workors.
The measuro contains provisions for
making use of tho Labor Exchanges,
compulsory on omployera undor cortaln conditions'.
Tlie salary of tho propoBod minister
is.piit at 5,000 per year," There aro
to bo transferred to him-tho powers
conforrod on,tho Board of Trade by
the following Acts. ,' "
nolloi'H Explosion Act,* 1882 to 1000,
nallway Regulation Act, 1893.
Merchant Shipping Act 1I.D4, Sec*
tions 2-10 to 250.
Notico of Accidents Act, 189-1.
Conciliation Act, 1806, .   "
Railway Employment Aet, 1000,
Trado lloarda Aot, 1000,
Labor Exchanges Act, 1000.
nml th'oHO of the Homo Offlco undor
tho following ncto:
Factory and Workshop Aot, 1001 to
1007.    ' ' '
' Hhop Houi*h Acta, 1802 lo 1800.
Coal Mines Itogulatlon Acta, 1887 to
Truck Act, 1837 and f887.
, Allpna Act, t0fl5 (oxpopt Scotlon„3),
It ia specifically stated In Clause 3J
1. The Mlnlstor of Labor ahall', for
iho purposo of aiiporvltilon and control, aiid of uociii'lng efficient and'uniform treatment, have all tho powera
and dutlea of tho Local Govornment
UolWiX, C__u iiumtf ol Vnulo, or any
other Government Department relating
to or -romremed in iho prevention of
doatIt.ui.Iott, among, or the relief of,
tlio ablo-bodlod poor, Including work-
Hutu in rtiMTt-inii troin iinwriploywont
nnd vagrant*. i
2.K ahall bo tho duty of the Minister
for Labor to into tho powera conferred
upon him by Parliament In auch manner aa ho may think o*pedlent for tho
purpose of pmvflriffng-, nn tnr an may
he pomlble, tho occurrence tot tinem*
3, . In order, aa far as may be practicable to maintain at an approximately uniform level the national ajnp-o-
gate demand for labor, lhe MlnUter
for l_*bor, acting tn •t*,r.t'iiltal!cin with
TVp«rfm*<nfaf rnmmitteeit to bo np.
t*.it*.te«l In retpect of the aereral
branche8 of tho Vuhllc acrvlce order
to time ndvlso the Treasury In'-what
respect,'with' due regard to*tho offlcloncy. of tho various * services,. such
works or services may be olther delayed or hastened In order to regulate the
demand for employment aB1 between
tho dlfforont seasons of,tho year, und
as' between lho good and bad years of
a trado cyclo. 7 '.*",,..   ' ' ""
4. Tho Mlnlstor for Labor shall bo
oxofflcio a Dovolopmont Commissioner
and a member of tho Road Board undor
tho Development and Rond Improve*
mont Funds Act. 1000, and-Bhall aftor
consultation with tho other Commissioners' and .with tho Troasury, tako
stops*for the proparlng and, Bubmis-
rnlBHlon for tho necoBary sanction nnd
approval of such a schomo or schemes
undor tho Act as shall enablo* hlm,
having regard to Section 18 of that act,
in a tlmo of dopresBlon of trade, to "Ind
economic employment for Burplua labor by engaging Btiltablo workmon in
tho ordinary way, either by iricroaaing
omploymont on work already, in hand
or by beginning now workii,..
ClaUBo-I provides that the now Do-
partment shall bo divided Into six div*
iBlotiB, rolatlng to National Labor Ex*
chango, Trado IiiBuranco, Industrial
Regulation, fltntlfltlcn, Emigration and
Immigration and Malntonanco andTra-
tiling and CIuubo G provldos for com*
pulBory una of tho Labor Exchanges ln
tho following mnnnor:
1,   If It-appoat-B at any tlmo to thn
JiilBlertor Labor with rogord to any
"b or occupation in nny dialrlct that
^method of employment ia goner-
aify of such caBiml of Intermittent na-
lu'ro as (0 glvo rtuo to wld-nprcad un-
doiMimpIoymonf, of a chronic charactor,
arid that tho cVlls thereby occasioned
hij.uu-h to tt utinu jiuoii. viii, no may,
uflcj I'mbl}.- ii.-iiiiUy, lu .wili i;i.m,i.i
an ho may think fit, makp an ordor
declaring employment In anrh trade or
occupation, olthor generally or In particular dlBtrlc-ja, 1o be cnfliml labor.
4. tout.. 1 ti/otu intiy mfii.t- ji. c»bVi(jn*
lory upon omployora; bolng periona on-
gagod In any trade or occupation for
tho purpose oil gain who wlah to' on-
gage any peraon for a period of leas
than ono month, to enter Into engage*
men!* wllh wit. _ wnrfrmnn fn catx-
nectlon with aomo branch of the atlon*
nl r.flh/»r Wvrhntiffe and tit no other
place, and may render liable 10 a fine
not oiceedlni. flvo pounda any peraon
who may bo alrallarly convicted of any
contravention of tbo aatd order.
ITud-tr CJanaw li, n and H It la
prbrffffvf flint nopcraou atiuuld ulw
into hi* employment any child * nnder
fifteen, and tbat no young perfon of
ployed for over thirty hours in a week.
. Clause 15 provides:   , '
• - The' powers and' duties of the Board
of Trado under"tho Trade Boards Act,
1909, lm this act transferred to the
Minister for Labor; shall extend without provisional order-to all employ,
ments In which; In the opinion of the
Minister for Labor, the minimum rates
ot wages (whether time or piece rate)
ascertained as in that Act provided
does not, exceed thirty shillings por
jWeek for ovory person who is twenty-
ono years of age or over, and .eyory
such employment shall bo doomed to
be included in the schedulo to the
Trade Boards Act 1909,—Reynolds'.
Ing work* or lervlce*. -ahall from timo fifteen and nnder eight eon ahall be em-
Thoso'glided files
That,' basking in tho smisliino of a
Fatten on its corruption! — What aro
; c thoyT—
Tho drones of the community; they
feed -
On tho mechanic's labor; tbo starved
' hind '       7
For them compels tho stubborn globo
to yield • '
Its unshared harvoBt; and you squalid
Leaner   than   fleshlesB   mlsory, that
, wnatos
A sunless lifo In tho unwhoioaomo
mine,   ••   *
Drags out in labor a protracted death,
To glut their grandeur; may faint with
That fow may know tho care* antf
woes of sloth,'
Wlionco, thinkoBt thou, klngn nnd pnrn-
BltcB nroflo?
Wlionco that unnatural lino of dronofl,,
who heap   .
Toll and unvanqulahcd penury
On those who build their palaces, and
Tliolr dnlly bread?—From vlco, block
loathgomo vice!
From rnplno, nindne-a***, treachery and
From  all ihat  rfondeis misery,
Of earth this thorny wildornoBB
Itovonge    nnd   murder   . .    ,
when renBon'a volco,
Loud   ob tho  volco  of naturo,
•      havo waked
Tho nations;   and  mankind porcolvo
that flcf.
la discord, war nnd misery; that vlr-
I* peaco, nnd happiness and harmony.
Whon   man "a   maturor  naluro  ahall
Tho   plaything*   of   lta
ktiiKly ularo
Will lo*e lta power to dattlo; It* au-
Wlllallontly paaa by;  thogorgeou*
Shall  atiuid unnoticed  In the renral
F-a-l  fall/nf to deear,  whlltt false*
Uunl'tk itaie
Shall be »■ hateful and nnprofltaWo
Aa that of irijih I* now.
—Vettf rij*i!iifr SMky  „
,   (From The Coal Trade11 Journal)
,,At -Cincinnati "there is a good demand for domestic coal and this gives
a better tone to the' entire trade at
tlmt centre!' '• •
■ Columbus reports that considerable
domentlc tonnage for stocking purposes
is now being shipped.'Steam coal mar-
kot Is steady,
Pittsburg reports this week an element of dulness In the lake trade, but
about 08 per' cent bf capacity and
coke'conditions are a little brighter.''
Congestion, of vessels hampered
movomont of coal from the Toledo
docka'a week or soago, but conditions
aro now improving, and tonnage is being, shipped regularly In large amounts
Detroit coal men are feeling more'
encouraged, as the business outlook is
better. * Tliere is talk of higher, prices
on one line of coapor another. For the
present anthracite trade ls dull, the
usual^reason being given asto domes-
tie consumers not caring to invest in
coal during * the heated term.
.^Buffalo reports no pronounced
change in, sott coal and" opinion is divided as to whether trade Is improving or not," But whatever doubt tliere
may be concerning the bituminous situation.'it is seen that the lake shipment's of hard coal are exceeding those
of former years, arid all is serena in
regard Nr'that branch of the indust-y.
The • I-Iiiiadelphia anthracite ' market toned ■ up pre'.iy *■-. til. during the
last'two'weeks of Jt.-y,-dealers 'i.b.g
desirous cf secn;i i,; tbe 20 cent, discount" then allowed,'-but''as the .August
discount will be only 10 cents, shippers
expect'that'the first-half of the month
will b_ quiet.. [Bituminous still sells
on- a low basis, '.with little hope of
early, improvement.   -
Baltimore has not been facing-well
of late and present business conditions
are said to * be ,far from' satisfactory.
This results',iri'uriusual conditions at
the mines, and all those connected with
the' trade are .anxiously looking * forward, to„ the .better, times promised 'in
the near,,future.    Anthracite trade iri
that" se"ctiojr*P-Ts"T>racticariy~at a, stand*-
stllj, as..not*much can be expected in
that line during the summer 'months.
(Prom -"The Black Diamond.")
ST. LOUIS, Mo.—Th. market this
week still shows a slight improvement
in,lump and demand for the samo
seoms to be increasing considerably.
The'cool weather seems to have starred the"dealers to thinking of the fall
business and a good deal more lump
coal has'moved for domestic purposes
during the last week than for some
.time,'.  "
A stiffening on lump all down the
lino has' been noticed ,on all grades
o'f.coal. ""In.the Standard district lt
has amounted to about 15 cents in the
CatorvlllO' about, 25 cents por .ton. The
mlnos producing a better grade of
conl all report that tlioy,aro sold up
until the IGth of August and will not
nccopt, any business except at advanced prices,
' KNOXVILLI3, Tenii.-Tlie coal mar*
kot In the South has shown somo slight
Improvement this wook, ospoclnlly so
with rospoct to tlio domostlc coal trade.
Thoro ls no wgeneral activity among
southern retailers lo lay in a winter
supply of domestic coal. Somo excellent ordors have been Inndod tills
wool, for August ami Soptomber deliveries, '   7
OMAHA, Nob,—Thoro has been vory
littlo chango In conditions on tho Omru
lin mnrkot elnoo InHt wook. Sovornl
of llio'Illinois operators havo had re*
pi'osontntlvea In this market and they
lmvo been, Boiling a littlo conl. Vory
littlo of it, howovor, has been for Immediate, shipment,
Tlio Omnlin mnrkot up to tho preoont
tlmo this yenr hnn boon In vory good
Hlmpo, That Ib, thoro has hoon very
lllllo domiirrnso conl nnd .consequently
prlcos havo boon "maintained hotter
tlmn thoy tisunlly are. Tho prlco of
IlllnolB conl, ospoclnlly, Is quito Htrong
nt 11,an.
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.—Tn the Norlh
wost Iho conl biiHlnl'SH remains without pnrtlculnr foaturo at UiIh time.
Thoro wnH n littlo Hurry of buying tho
Inttor part of InHt week, but at. pro-
nciit ilonlerH and Hteain buyers seem
to lmvo again lost tlioir interest In
tho Hltiiallon, mid lho dock trade buying In stagnant.
INDIANAPOLIS Ind-Condlllons aro
!«i*hi*f_*Mi-*i.M   1**   J1       T.    _ I 1ft
'   ' *S>    -"    *"'-     "■ **•     -*«••»    »«*t«M&t4>
Tm iln .<* hoMor thnn U hnn horn fnr
. Among the many methods proposed
for the solution- bf difficulties between the employer and the workman,
surely the, most original is that suggested by'D. 'A.ffmbert;' who, in a recent paper "published In the Revue
G6ne"rale des Sciences, proposes to apply the laboratory methods to the solution of the wage problem., The author
believes tliat physiology can furnish us
with somo precise information bn the
question of the ratio equivalence between work and pay.
Proceeding on tho proposition that,
In tho work of a human or animal
machine, the energy expended is produced by an increase in food abovo tho
amount which the organism requires'
when at rest, he*'makes the statement
that the proper remuneration for work
can be exactly. determined, and this
for the reason'that it should correspond exactly to the cost,of the extra
food .which make the work necessary.
The author considers the case of a
postman who travels daily 35 kilometers^ on' a bicycle in a level country,
and who kept a record of the quantity
and quality of the food which .he consumed during a fortnight, the calorific value of which per day was calculated to be 3.200' calories. ** The day's
work was estimated to be 140,000 kilogram-meters, corresponding to 330 calories or'heat. Assuming a value of
one-third for the efficiency of the human motor, Dr. Imbert determined that
the postman's daily work required the
combustion of an amount of food capable of furnishing 990 calories—an estimate which agrees closely with one
based on numerous physiological experiments shoWlng that the human or-
ganism'at rest requires daily on'an average, a quantity of food capable of
furnishing 2,300, calories. Now * the
difference between that and the 3,200
calories representing the value of his
daily''food- as recorded by the postman gives a difference of 900 calories,
which'- agrees fairly well with the 9,90
calories obtained bycthe first method
of .calculation. This means ..equivalent may be taken as 945 calories. •
* .The postman found that the cost of
*v*V   1' -"-. ■•*£*"•'■_'■
fY Yiy\
from this it follows that the cost bf
his* work-was 25 centimes, a day, "instead of the four- francs which he actually receives. '" It Is evident that his
pay" should be based on something
more than the monetary equivalent of
the1 work done; the most selfish employer would .concede that the pay
should cover at least the 2,300 calories
of food required by the man _t rest,
in addition,to the 945 expended In work
Furthermore, he needs In addition to
food, shelter and clothing, so that he
should receive an additional allowance
to pay for food, rent and clothing,
itoms which .are Inseparable.from any
estimate of wages, even when they are
considered' exclusively as remuneration for work done. - Tlio pay should
provide for tho support of tho workman's family. '■• -Thoroforo, physiologic
ally considered, the Bystom of paymont
bused on, the monetary equivalent of
tlio Increase of food required ls certainly Inadequate and tlio pny should be
based upon an Intelligent consideration
of tho general clrcumBtnneoB of tho
workman's lifo nnd surroundings nnd
his reasonable expectation of comfort,
recreation, family life and prpvlsion
for old ago.
A moro direct application of laboratory mothods was that mado In the
south of France, whero ■hundreds rf
women aro omployed with pruning
Blieai'B In cutting up long American
vino shoota Inlo cuttings Bultnblo for
planting. It Ib a mechanical opoia-
tion, cnpablo of oxact monsuromoiiTH.
By apply to tho shears a slmplo tlynn-
momolor In the shnpo of a rubbor bulb,
Dr. Iniboit measured the work dono by
moans of tho travol of the fingers and
tho pressure oxortod, tho lattor being
recorded on a moving strip of paper.
Tho cuttlngB are, classed iih largo or
nmnll, according as tliolr diameter Is
greater or less than slic •mllllmotors,
nnd the pay Is (10 oontlmes por thnu
sand for tho lnrgo cuttliigH and SO
centimes for the smnll oiiom. Tho
women asserted that tho dlfforonco of
len contlmcB wns not sufficient, and
llioy nbtiiliiptl an InoronRe of pny.
From tlio pnpor tracings, Or, Imboit
found tlmt for each conditio or pny tho
workors oxertcd a total offort of 110
klli-H-'ftrniiioH in cutting thn smnll str>ns
<V- t.MillincH pm* thons-nnd, ntul 11 tot.il
offort of 2i»t) kilogrammes per cent lino
In   r,.ttlri* ttie  Xfirrtn   ni..,.,-,   ». i   f"i
tlm-PH por tlinusni-.it.     It v.n«. o-.t...i,.t
, Notice is hereby given that a divid-
■ end at the rate of six per cent per annum upon the paid-up capital stock
of the Home Bank of Canada has been
"declared for the three' months ending
31st August, 1911, and tbe^same will
be payable at its Head Office and.
Branches on and' after Friday, lst September next.
The transfer books will be closed
from the 17th to tho 31st August, both
days inclusive.
By order of the board,
,      ,       JAMES MASON,
„  General Manager.*
Toronto, July 19th, 1911.
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie
Visiting the entire district
See before you buy. Write
me for full particular's.'  .,
* .
Dig in the ground for .a*'
livelihood, you'll be uiider
soon enough!    Five**acres"
cultivated will prolong life
and provide a competence
. ■   for old age.
Eight 10-Acre Tracts $300
each, easily cleared, Burton
City, well located and water
Joe Grafton
Be    Ce
lug medium. Tho article of Dr. im*
ben which Ih 'published In full In tho
•iiirrt'iit Ihhuo of tho "Supplonioiit," w"|
bo found lo rtipny a cnroful study,—
Tlio Ht'lontlflc Amorlcnn,
flotiift Mm*.     Tho domnnd for Btt*(imlfrorn ni"f'° ^rtttren Mmt tho pny wn«
* i>
cotil Is not Improving ns rapidly ns
wns hop-pd, but tho tono Is somewhnt
br-ltor thnn It wns a month n-jo.   Tho
(.linni'fi fn-i* tXin iintttir 1* tn ()iii'iln».«»,i
for domestic. Homo of tho rotnilers
here «ny that thoy lmve its much or
moro husIneiiK on tho books for August
tlmn Ihey cnn handle,
CI1ICACJO, III.—Thero Is no longer
nny doubt thnt the conl mnrkot of
tlilmgo.hns iniprovoil,,although thero
mny lie a dltingreement as to ihe wo
tfltit of tho improvement. The b^sl
mnrkot Is soen In tho situation on
demMlie eon] from tbo t-o-utbern -part
of Illinois. There has be^n good buy-
In-, nil llirough the' West on these
griti!?* ami Kranklln county coal now
haa » mUiimum \,tUe ot abmi. (|t,SS,
Tlio teakeaa in Cart-mjlJe hs* diMrv
po/ired and Iho minimum la now tl,25
with fi-tS ttmwMlf «%Ul3*4.
not tuoimrtlonnl to Ilia work, mid tho i
.M'***'ii'ieiiit* furnished an lnconiestnbU»,
proof of the Justlco of iho womon's do-j
tnnnilH, for If ftftv rnr*tlmo. n",a ..ti.i:
for tint Mimll cuUlngs, tho pay for the ■
lnrgo ones should lmve been 110 een-!
Union distend of CO por thousand.
Dr, Imbert claims thnt his system
cnn lie nppllod fo a wide rango of mnnu
al work, where the multiplicity of mo.
cli'inlrnl actions would seem lo present j
nn ohstnrle to iftxperlmental study ofi
thi** kind,     For InManrn, bo mod H]
suo-ossfully  to  dr-termlne tho noiunl \
work *«r.r/ipll*be*d Jn moving bags «.i<lv
balett wiih a band-track.    The corr-.t* j
nets of tils oOnrlustons would treenil
to bd borne out by a eomparno» t.fl
tho *>nm-» work whw It iti a done first.
wiih n irtifk and allmiatoly thon with
a wlu-olliarrow, the wheelbarrow prov-
In**, of ceaiM*. lo he the more UDtcn-
, Judge H, II. Oury Is hii Id to bo tlm
Inspired genius of tin" liii.-nmtlmia]
.iHHnolnllnn ntaioe] mntiiifnriiiror-
tho world stool trust, fornu-d the othor
dny in  llrussels, IIcIkIuiii.
Much nuostlons ns tlm elimination nf
competition, <onirol of output nnd ro*
giilntlon of prloos w«>ro takmi n\\ nud
i1l.;.-in*,i.,,1 Tl,,.    »...,.,.    ,*l  I,     .    I.      .1    ...
wn* tlm inownsc of tlio already swollen profits of tho steel barons,
il .
In MM tho noxt International Socialist Congress will moi. nt Vienna,
Austria, The Inspiration bohlnd this
cniiRTO*.? will ty flu" ivrtr.rlrip' cI.ki .if
the world,
li* Him will bit to belti*r tho oonill.
lions of and more closely organize the
work-m *ver**.wh-Te, Dn* ultitnstA gotl
being. In part the ownership of nil the
twists by the workers thoms.lves.
The taking over ot Ihe world-wido
steel trust by the workers will Jn time
be a smsll mnttor, made ■Ofl.-.y by the.
work now being done by Gary and his
fellow »t<*I _ing*.-~(..Iea*i> flo-cfalUt.
fl\X  . HANnsc .). Aug.  1,1.—Moni-
bt-ln of the  lull ;-]„_!!_)u;il  Tjpuiiinptil*
cnl union, in i-oi.ilon ht.*re, pledgoil
lliolr Mipprii-t to lho defOnee of tlu>
.MoN'nmiirn btothors t-hnrKoil with dynamiting flu- hnn Aiif-olofi Tlmci* tmlid
I iik.
lloMldes  this,  Severn)  sponsors dr-
............   ...I   m.,„(.,(,<_(,   4ii   t <*n*.i(j,llh
Ut I'm. I'm'fit   ((,:.  t , j/,,' Ji   ,,, ,, „, }..  j
If llio govornmont could not In* ,-ippi :il-
Oll lo.
No notion wns tnkon In this mnttor.
Tin* llrltlHh nnd United States
I'hsrmnenpoolns, two of tho greatest
itii-ilniil boiks of iiuthutiiy, Htatc i.'nt
the nctlvo prtnclpnl of FI08 Is a val
tinhlo IMXATIVK rained*/ In the
treatment of all KIONKY, L1VKR
KTtjiMAril sm! HOWKI. disorders.
Ce-ntain tt.f unit. xultitlpaU ot FIGS
remldned with other rnt'tabbj nw_£*
i_ti-_i4.nl* wbkii cotmltuti. thevn the
hem t-ciucily for th« above Mlmmts.
At all dealers. Si cents per bo*, or
The Fig mil Co, St. Thomas Ont. Vi
'.'■ '■ff-^'.r'.'.U - 7     -, ff '■J.-'V|l|lll"-q^^—^jj^_i_BB_a_g_-_gf^^ i.,ii.vii ■
,7>. 7' ' V  .,7r7'*';•<■ 7 "••'x7-:.\7^-:'"77-v.'*   y. 7''7-77-'')'' r '* '"■-•■.- •', :*7'-'* 7-7*>*,,V-^*1'" '-7^>*'5ftva^^-^''^7 --fi.'.,-•'-. v77 i^K 7'-''7;>A^'^-. *.77«};?yv: ?
■ * *.-..
"*r'.vi • '*"
^.-.--'-   .-.,   -'•»*.. -■*'--" -a*-*"'*.,,     ,.
-<  • ■■  ---, ' ■*" "77    .  - -A.
THE DISTRICT I-BDOER^FER^ --,-7 7-c^-Wr- ^7777.7- Y2^{YYYr{Y:'i lU i r\{y{YYYYyi YY-YiY^WY ,7.'.
.," PubHsjied every- Saturday, morning at its .office',
. Pellat fAVenues^Ferpie, >B. oV(; Subscription ".$1.00
per year ih advance? ! An excellent advertising
medium.   Largest-circulation in the District.," Ad-
„.,vertising.rates o_»'application.-Up-to-date facilities,
for the execution bf.all.kinds,of book, job and
color work.-   Mail orders receive special attention.
Address alf communications to The District Ledger.
" --■   V.      J.'W. BENNETT, Editor.
-Telephone No. 48.
Postoffice-Box No,,380
t -    ■
instead of posittg, because as.it is 'at'present,: nobody
.can see the hole card, andvuhless^the^'do this it
,Lcok*s'io much like'-a _our. fins _ stiiht 'to dei-wv**.**
nuy.'liut the" most untliii'i!cai!^/.Jr,^vf!'/7-i.^- '; ..
^"^y. concur with ftiis" opinion. «'_f"li_ the'emissaries
be known why hesitate naming ;them with any. more
compunction than, would be,shown tb prospective
burglars whose conversation had disclosed the time
and place they intended to'ent,era,house for illicit"
'purposes?  ,    -J.;    '    ' '     7._ :. ....   Y.'.J."   '•   "•
... r, .'revising b.-.
c _■
. *-_
'**- Ji
*f 3;v".
" xt >,
y '  ' \    UNREST IN.8.AIN-
(CpHBRE is a-growing, impression throughout
* Canada that the strike of tlie coal operators
in the'Crow's Nest Pass and-^Iberia districts has
assumed proportions, which -manifest tlie strength
of the miners and tlieir evident determination to
hold out to the last. The vote taken yesterday
confirms the fear that the men are determined not
to yield. As the operators have signified* their
willingness—under protest—to accept the re-commendations of the conciliation commission, it is
no longer of use-; to disguise the fact that the min-
"ers intend to insist on the recognition of the closed
shop principle and the check-off system.  ;   *
'' The government, in order to protect, the army
of people who must be assured of a winter supply
" of fuel, has removed the' duty on coal imported
from the United States and the railway companies
have'granted very .much reduced, freight rates* in
order to facilitate the supply'of their needs. It
would appear,.therefore," that the-struggle .will be
prolonged "until the miners yield, but it is not likely
that the*,* will do so until they are starved into s_*>-
mission by'tlie absorption'of their-strike fund ae-
'• count.   ,    ■',      "■> '   '   "    "-" '.'  i.    "_■   ,-
"We refer to these things at'this time to give
1 publicity to a rumor which has been quietly confided to the Times that the occasion is to be made
use of by emissaries of the Conservative party to
turn the situation to political purposes.' '' The method which is to' be adopted is to spring upon the
,* people in the coal mining centres a few days before
the- election the report that the Dominion government intends to send in thc militia to compel the
.miners to-return .to. work,-and'thus break the back
of the strike.     Such'a canard, .while, unscrupulous
-and unjust in-the extreme,has*,been actually confided as the policy of an.emissary of tlie,machine
' wlio is now not far from'the "grounds .7 : _•'■" '■ "* ,
."The Times gives this publicity,to the rumor iii
order that it may reach the districts affected.and
"tlie communities^may~be prepare,d7for7the_canard
if it is sprung. ■ „It is unlikely, now that the'matter
is out, that these, dastardly measures will develop,
, but in case they-should the Times is quite prepared
to give the sources of its information as well as the
names of those who are involved in the plot."
The above from-tho Victoria* Times-is certainly
worthy of consideration and accepting it as bona
fide,Ave cannot help characterising,it as quite in
consonance with what has been done;on other occasions.by the Law and Order gentry, hence if attempted wo shall be in nowise surprised thereat'.
An investigation of practically every labor trou-"
ble in the. world.would-demonstrate to the open-
minded" person that they who are responsible for
.   disturbances arc not the strikers themselves in the
, first instance but as tlie last resource provocative
■ acts are committed 'so thnt a plea for protection
may bo called for.     Thc agents-provanateurs are
not limited to Russia. ,  As a substantiation of our
'statements we have been very frequently in conversation with business representatives and travellers
throughout the affected district who havo commented upon'the remarkable freedom from disturbance
that has marked the,existing struggle, in fact, so
serious has tho situation beepme tliat tho legal fraternity in tho Pnss havo complained about tho
dearth of liusiness and more especially in tho criminal department, even thc position of policeman has
• become almost a sinecure.    Such a state of affairs
is nil tho more remarkable when it is taken inlo
consideration that ono would have to travel very
widely to find a more cosmopolitan aggregation oi!
workers tlmn is found ongnged in tho,coal mining
industry and thoir most exemplary conduct under
trying circumstunccH should bo a comploto robuttal
to those who so loudly declaim against tho foreigner ns a pence disturbor.    Tlio polygot blacksmith
(Rliliu Burroll) would find liimself completely nonplussed if ho willi nil liix knowledge of foreign ton-
gitoH had como into this'district and expected to
hold eonvoi'so with Uio rcprcHontativcs from old _•
lnnds.    The [-Voncli,   flerman,   Spanish,   Italian,
Tolish, Itolicniiiin, Hungarian,*Orontian, Montenegrin. lifiKHiim, Kuthonian, Lettish, Finnish langu-
ii gun arc nil heard in tho coal fields of East Kootc-
Tho,mistake is mnde by the writer of Tho Times
that, the operator/-, nccopted tlle Gordon roport
lienee be.cnns** Ihe iifinoFH turned il down lliey draw
tlio inforeni'u that the check-off is the stumbling
block and not tlto wa«es question. Tho operators
hnvo not accepted the majority report, because it
novor existed, but all that they express willinfitcM
to concede is lho Maeleod report, vastly less than
tvhat tlio Gordon .siigui'_U(Ui**i udvueut'e-j. ' Tho
•statement made that fill) publicity will lio given
should itho roarhnch be 'attempted would be far
more acceptable and conducive of greater advantage if the names of tho parties involved were disclosed now.
Hj---;.U>.ig with a weH-kiK.Vtii Cui-D.urvativc on th-***
matter aftor we Imd written the previous portion of
tlie arti**'!"'-. he rhnrnetoriwil it as dmip bluff 'or
the sole purpose of creating an impwKition that the
Liberal pnrty wn* over solicitous nbout tlio working
clanr. so much more noticeable when an election wok
"If the deed is ii wicked one," he added, "and I
■np HE; two* days session of -the members'of the
* "Western Goal'Operators' Association was to-
tally eclipsed for boisterousuess by the elements
that-played havoc the'day following in the vicinity
of Maeleod, although'from sources .which wo have
every reason to believe are authentic, was by iio
means so harmonious as a gathering of turtle doves
during the mating season,  '    „
That divergences of opinion should, arise is not
surprising.where the prime object of a coal corporation is obtaining profit from the sale of its product and this only source of revenue is cut off,' consequent upon the productive factor- (the mineworkers) having decided to remain" idle in the "efforts to
obtain better conditions; it is exceedingly distasteful
to be subject to the dicta of those to whom coal
mining, is a second consideration just so long as the
benefits accruing from transportation are not' seriously jeopardized.       , , " *, .77,.    l
The smaller members of the coal operators union,'
however, realizing that-much as-they might desire
to open up their properties whereby prof its'could
be obtained, are • compelled, because of dependence
upon the railroad corporations, to be submissive,
hence for prudential reasons Jhey acquiesce, albeit
with ill-concealed chagrin and .disgruntled-reluctance. . -*   - ■    7*; -7,'       '       '' -
The Corbin'situation's a side-light on the'issues
involved is one"fraught witli many possibilities for
the future.' ' At the present writing this company
is practically determined to forge" ahead; paddling
its'own canoe;, so to speak/until such time as thc
stupendous' deposits, of coal can be extracted and
forwarded to the market south through the Plat-
head country, a.much-shorter route than over the
C. P.'.R., via McGilliyray, and thus placing tliem on
the outer rim of the sphere of influence of Canada's
,  *.-.*■■
giant corporation. ■ ,.
The assertion that, the mine, operators have decided to open the mines should be slightly.modified
and^ read-that if sufficient miners can be induced to
leavo.tlie''ranks pf their fellow workers aiid accept
'sucii**,-terms as the operators offer, then an attempt
wilLbe'.made. to obtain-coal. The "repeated .con-
.t'ovie'reate confusion, and should read "Macleod's
* Report,'■'-as it has been asserted, that the exceptions
ma_de to"1 the Gordon report by the .operators' representative, -were the only terms they* would consider and "as the exceptions are of such a vastimpor-.
tance;'might1 justlyw'be-termed,"'jfrGordon's Report
is- a factor at all tliat it is a case of the tail wagging'the dog. „ .  ' "
..We are. not going to make any rash assertions
that'there will be no defections .from the ranks,
because in all struggles yet recorded there have
been'traitors to principles and the prototypes of
Judas Iscariot, Benedict Arnold and others are by
no means defunct, however it would be well for
those who may feel like playing false to their obligations that'they who cajole them laugh up thoir
sleeves' at their gullibility and also hold them with
supremo contempt although for obvious reasons this
may not be shown openly. • How can the integrity
of ,a man bo relied upon who is faithless to members
of his own class? '*■
That companies should use every tactic available
to achieve their aims is not to bo marvelled at but is
perfectly natural, still without the aid of deserters
they aro powerless and wo havo ovory reason to
boliovo that thc great mass of the membership of
District 18 understand tbiH and will continue to
show'tho samo determined front that lias character!-
zed their 'attitude since the beginning of the struggle. That the voting on tho roport was so over-
wholmingly adverse even to tho Gordon report with
out any Maeleod exceptions, was a grovious disappointment to the operators, ns it would have made
thom'feel that deflections would have beon suffi-
eiont to create a l.QfiT and now tho tost is to be
mnde for tlio purpose of ascertaining tho real status
of affairs.
Tho continuanco of a strike is not plensnnl to
contemplate, but lho trivial and unequal advances
offered nro not wort liy of sorloui-f consideration, and
to accept llioiu at this stngo of lho gnmo would bo
a serious tactical blunder, ond those unwise enough
to return to work would deeply regret the folly of
not standing firm, as nothing was ever gained by
disjointed effort,
* Show your steadfastness to a purpose, and by re
moining truo to your follows you will likewise be
true to yourselves, It, .snot your welfare that tho
operators nre nnxious nbout but their own, thorc-
,fore bo equally alive to your interests as thoy arc
nnd instead of allowing ourselves to be used as anjl
instrument to dofeat your fellow workers stand
firmly for tho acquisition of tho vory reasonable demands thnt havo been mado on your bnlinlf.
Tho fire bosses along the Crow'a Nest Pass arc
Kcrjonsiy considering tno action they ought tQ U)w
^hould inexperienced men bo employed, for thc fn.it
is thnt oven under the best of conditions their duties
aro onerous awl hazardous, which in view of tttf.
character of some of the mines would be increased
if Incompetent mer. are allowed to work, the pre-
«>rtriousness of their occupation is still further ae-
•centnnt .d. Without taking sides with cither party
to the controversy, th.e safety of their own lives
nnd limbs is causing them seriously to think
whether they should incur the adrift! risk. Furthermore, they do not p6_u_-* even the halm of meagre
sntwfnotion thnt the ordinary minor hn-x of a oom-*
Dominion^Gove^ment-'Satlsfied With"
-j?:<T_io8e"'. reBjjtred .iwYMcBride * -
:, •'.--'.;",vl* .r _M'*i!.?!tfy-:7;;; -7" •• ".  :
%    "■ _, ,. y        <]" _..,.___■ „.-,__,   , j4,* '    ■* * ~
OTTAWA5,.—•*'.' Your i* correspondent
mad e enquiries at -the- Department \. of
the Secretary J of. State-recently- in; regard'to the* report that,-the Dominion
Government has- announced•- its7Wen
tion: pf preparing "new 'voters -lists .in"
British Columbia and "was assured that
it was without fouridation.7 There'has
never been any . complaint .,'about- the
fairness 61 .the lists-.prepared by .the
McBride Government, .and^ so .."far ,-a*.
can be learned the government is quite
willing to accept them. " ■-,'■_, ' „ ,j 7 .'
It is pointed", out - that the„^British'
Columbia lists, were revised in, May
last, and .therefore the Dominion' Government-has no power to make new
lists.      " "        -, .       _ '
. It"has always been asserted by.the
Liberals that, the lists made • up by
"the Roblin government in, Manitoba
are unfair and it is proposed to'make
IJominlon lists In Winnipeg and Brandon. The government can do, this in
these,constituencies, because .the" Pro-
vinclaf Government did not'Tevlse the
lists within twelve months of the date
of issue-of the federal writs" for the
general election;7 _     .     ■_„..-'•
■'.Madrid, Aug.;i4.4^Receat events, m-
eluding" the mutiny ..ontJthe; Spanish
battleship" Numanlca and I* strikes and,
republican   demonstrations' "at*. Cadiz
and Barcelona, indicate, great-political
- -   •    *    -"      ■ >•, ,*j .,-,„-~., \.  ... -.
unrest throughout the-country,-'   " j.
.Agitations against the ministry and
the monarchy increases ,,and " censorship over' the'press ana ..telegraph is
more severe than, it was' under, the'
Conservative ministry.,'--''-"' '.. • y'
1 u>v_;, *.      . 1
-■ Y -'^ **- - -
' ■ y   &
!.'•    """
---}'•" ^•Vjr,' **"; '
- #:i -.*"SIRVEDMUND WALKER, C.V;0^mD.;D.aL,,PREaiDENT -JL-,
" "YY^Yyy^' ale^NDer:; L_A!RD,7gen-BA- MANAQER-.;.^~-*:f;v.;n.;v '" iq
REST,*-7 $8,000,000
GARITAU7- $io,ooo,oooi: 7,..-,
.   .   j. ^ .        ....     .    —_^	
ii- :.,*->',- 'i
., Domrnlon; Election Act 7 ' /
^When seen the other* day a&'to the
report- that' the* Dominion-authorities
are to take out of the hands* of tlie
provincial.authorities .tho complliation
of voters 'lists for .the election.to_.be
held on1 September '21, .Mr George Black
secretary of the-Vancouver Conservative Club, said that he is of* opinion
that the "report, is' not, correct, so far
as it applies.'to'tBfitish Columbia.
The Dominion [Elections Act of 1906
provides that for. the. purpose ofany
Dominion election, held within a province', the,,voters'---:lists-shall be those
prepared'for-jthe polling divisions established and/which were in force on
the sixth day' preceding nomination
day,- for -the.^purpose .of provincial
elections, providing .these ljsts have
not" been prepared- more than a year
befo'rethe' date of the writ for fcheDom-
Inion election...*,.In case the provincial-lists" are a. year old, the federal
authorities.would prepare new lists. "
In British'1.Columbia fthe provincial
voters' lists haveCbeen,prepared* twice
within-the past -year ,** the last listhav:
ing been ••'prepared-.in. May last.
The federal-authorities prepare:*the'
voters'   lists for'"*" Saskatchewan,   Al-
berta, _the Yukon -Territory, and, un-
_dec__ttie_ act,,ofjl 90S. __±hey_do_tlie,;same.
in the" portion.of: Ontario not municipally, organized/., 1 •■*.' <.   •-       >
In'Manitoba'"a - board of. County
Court judges defines .and establishes
the polling" divisions and distributes
the name of voters:to.the various polls
but- .or*.that*.purpose' the provincial
lists are used.     "  . *
LONDON, Aug. 9.—On behalf of the
Labor party Will Crooks will, on Tues
day,, introduce in the'Commons a bill
for establishing,industrial arbitration
courts-on. Canadian lines. Crooks
tells the* Canadian ^Associated Press
that tho bill ftjljpjvs Canadian legis-
tion closoly. , In /visiting Canada lie
thought tho arbitration systom' flno,
because lt loft tho.worker tlio rlg^t of
striking for what woro'ills rights. In
the Canadian system everybody concerned had to show their hand. '    ■ -
(Ed,—Wo would suggest to Will
Crooks beforo ho makos any extraordinary splurge about tho bonefits of
Canadian legislation that ho communl-
cato with tho various lobor.bodlos who
have had oxporlonco with how somo
of thom work out. -For tho Dominion
tho Lemieux Act and tor tho province
of British Columbia 'Tlio Workman's
Compensation Act" aro two plocoB of
Bo-cnlled remedial legislation that'aro
ot but littlo valuo' to tho class tlioy aro
ostensibly Intondod to bbnotlt.)
... It is'„a very-big mistake for, people
to surmise that the contentious Bob1
Evans,- who resides at Blairmore is related to the Bob Evans whol used to
be admiral of the United States navy.
The United States admiral was noted
for his saneness,' his command over a
large number of men, his well fought
battles and'glorious1* victories and'various other good.qualities, while the
Bob Evans wok resides in Blairmore
is .noted for his foolish, acts and for
being a miserable failure so far as
getting the miners' to support his Insane Ideas., "Honor'to whom honor
is.due," and we might-.here state that
Bombastic -Bluffing Bubble Bob Evans,"
of 'Blairmore, deserves credit for being partly successful ,in one thing and
that is ln imitating the Emperor of
Germany in raising "an ornament to
adorn his-upper lip.' Beautiful weather for* fishing, Bob.';.' .'.'• .'."-....
(Ed.—We'have not-yet heard that
Fighting,Bob Evans is dead,.but will
leave the writing "of, the,' obituary, notice to the^scrlbe of the. Blairmore-Enterprise ' who * may' have later intelligence" than ours and also be able to determine-which of the Fighting Bobs we
allude to.)-   ■'-   .7 -    ».
'- Every branch of The Canadian Bahk-'of Commerce is1 equipped to issue, drafts on"^ J-''y, *,
-■the principal cities in the" following 'countries wlthbuf delay:- -■_*' .g.&v&f-x '.*. ^'~ yj<<>(- -   r',."*-, 1
• Africa,   -. * - ,"s   .Crete,*-':"^*;'./., Greece .'.- ,.'"   ' *i'New Zealand -^',-..*Siberia" ■/>-'..     ',%.  *     ,•'.,-.,
■''  Arabia     ' • ■r" v Cuba/ ".-, ',    -( Holland 'J .    ** '.Norway '* ' 7% -7Soudan-     '--'<t'" "'  :---   •   VI
-    -* Argentine Republic Denmark i,'.'_L."'<Iceland:  -'--' • '■' Panama *> .''     " South Afnca',-t'-" ; *    *•>■»•
'   .   Australia'-..--..-Egypt    >'.. -,,-. .| India1*-,--,    **7   ..'Persia,,^*",   .".'"Spain
*' ■ Austria-Huncary   Faroe Island* •-■• Ireland    **,-~, ■'"-* Peru*-"  ■' •   V'Stra
' Straits Set___enl»';-:,
; Belgium--- . Finland ' ---'-» ■>'■*.- Italy »*>,»«.*-•. .- *' Philippine Inland* * Sweden' -';,. < --,,-''.•■ ■>■
--,,- Brazil >.' "'-V''.Formosa.- ,r ;V, Japan-', 7 J'.."-Portugal - •: .<• Switzerland ' ," .. '. >
.''Bulgaria;, ''*"Fr»nee. *•'*'•'''-.'.'Jami .l_V?«t/>*v. .Roumauia -v,. *-. -.Turkey- '.- _ .yC- *" ,.- ,,
'  '. Ceylon -,**.,.  .-'   -Fr'ch Cochin C_na Malta v:V»_    _.'.   .Russia - "*    United States,  ,--  . '    \ •
• Chili   •    'ji. ,   ,   Germany  ,...,.    ,   Manchuria ' ..-•'_ -Servia   -,, ■       .   Uruguay. .-    ,*;     .;, ;-
China*- '/.'-*   " - ^Great Britain'-,'', Mexico .'--.-i'.  • Siam*".-,-*. ., ■        . West Indie*, etc*;/' j:"i.f   -
The amount of,these drafts is stated in the money of the country where they are pay- J  y J
"able j that is.they are drawn-ih sterling,-francs, ."marks, lire,* kronen, florins,- yen,}; ■    V.
taels, roubles, etc., as the case maybe. • Thii'etisurea that the payee abroad ■will'"'" ■ _ >_"!',
receive the actual amount intended. '   . ,.- """.,V7 '  , -.' ."- "-•  '* 'A_33#. ;,7;-LS
FERNIE-BRANCH   ..;7'V'V'. ,'-    7.., % A. V7DACk.\'Manager.';,-.C.<-'7:>
If the Catbollcs of France and Spain
could' go back - a' few centuries" and
strangle at birth the divisions which
place'them at the mercy of' united
enemies their* position would be very
,different",from what it is. That they
cannot do'.". They allowed temporal
matters'connected "'with civil government or*.racial feeling to divide them
into permanent opposing parties. ' The
Catholics'of Canada are tra veiling, the'
same road towards the same weakness.
Politicians °kriow how to manipulate
racial antipathies' better than churchmen," and how to wield the earthly weapons which churchmen forge to the detriment of the Church. St. Peter .is
not going .to ask the , applicants, for
admission whether they were" Frenchmen or." Irishmen, but whether they
Western' Catholic. .       " -
For Sale
22 Acres Fruitlarid
at Elkmouth
Partly cleared and ready for
planting-' out. ;,. Good stream
of pure water on property.
Easy terms. Address A.J.B.
District Ledger, Fornio, B C,
for particulars.       '
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
First class Horses for 8ole. .
Buys Horses'on Commlslon
n n
George Barton    Phone 78
G.N. R.
Close connection at Rexford with mainline
Trains for Eastern points. Great Northern
Trains and those of connection latest steel
creations of car builder's art
No change at St. Paul
Lake route from Duluth or Chicago via
exclusively passenger steamships
Free side Trip to Niagara
on Eastern Tickets i
J. S.,<THOM_>SOJ., Agent, fernie
foione No. 161 P. O. Box 305
Special Saturday r*U Fernie to Hlko, 85c, good returning; Monday
! stoyeS(%j6# esi f
w     .*   i   x  -,-■-,,*•■;  •   - -. -re- *• . ■        ;•    . '•*>,; 7'7' "*t:,v -. • 'vs * "7v-»,.
*        Airtights5  Coal  Burners, Coal *{
''yy ''\ 7 '*. or Wood Burners, and ■■•■
• «■' Yiood Burners/-' •*:"°
t 7:    . ■ ■■  --it'-     ->\.' :yhy       ' •„*'■■ *:■ ■
Ranges and Cook Stoves
Y/     J* hfl. ^NEW^& CO., ELKO
v.-*r ■
And Nothing but the Best lii Fresh
and Smoked .Meats, Fresh.; and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
*■ . *   " V3 •     .        '' ., ,  ,   ' , '    ■ ■   ,-     ,     -
Etc; Etc., go to * ■••■''"
THE 4f  MARKET  00.
1 SAM GRAHAM, Manager, ->.
PHONE -41.
» J*--*,
Money td Loan ori '.first class B>usi-
•-*'<* * *, ■ .-.'!*','       Ii      >    "'    *4  l"   *** ' .-   -■    * *   ■
ness and Residential property   ;
t ■ - 7
Electric Lighted"..:"' ' '   Steam Heated"
7       ... CENTRALLY LOCATED   ,,
The Waldorf Hotel
'■'.Y' FER]SriE,,B.C.       ' /
First Glass 4ccommoddtion for Travellers
• *   - , o
Hot and Cold Water • L. A. Mills, Manager
will not dony it ih ivtmcwliiil nouly. It*, tlie. Victorln pi-iw-nlion for hh .Icpewifnts in thn event of thttth
.'iim** fiirniih tho information it claims to •*■"-•*<*.**■«« !>.v n*»/*id<*ni wliilo in the tlw-pharu^ of hw AuMen.   j
M  Jf wk m   UuV-aUUUUlil   ClUlUvH*.        Muitl    ImiftUl))*.,
It/I_"_« _ _«i,        O A-*.mff% I   B'"ff "' ll'8h"*t *.li<i1i_rii-ilp und enptrU
IVlOlltlL     - tVOVo.! •»«_*•   w»>9rmlt«rU» .-flail roama; tnd
vtry tiwt,     Nt^r Inilldlsi..
Court, nf Ifuily
FttneteXorr,   T««eh*;«.    VnWtralty
Matriculation.  Royal Military Coll«ic«,
Clvij «iitJw. t*» T«*r» wiSn-rtaaaate
work. Typawrttlnir, Cont«rvat>ory    or
JI«u««l_lJ 8cl*nc* anjl Art,,  1'hyik*!
Cullur* j*nA   Btpr*«*ten.   Pin*    Art*.
CUiftet Open Sept* 1911
For OiUnrtar nnrt pArUrwIar* *wrlt«_
n. w. Ki:mw. a.A,
H^i-ll*-*' Colteffft couvit, tiptcui Cfinrin
rrlficipul. for boyi.
Food Choppers
don't ,
90c to $3.50
T, TT   Onail
THE , "Universal'. Food
Chopper chops all kinds
of food, whether meat
or vegetables—,
■>■_ \    raw or cooked
-as coarse
or fine as
*•*        IIN. wanted—
with the
Aire and
Buy tlje genuine "Universal."
l .and good businoss
stationery la advertlslng-
tt'e not so muoh the taiite
of the man producing the
matter, as the consideration of, what will appeal
to thofeoplr. he desires'
to reach.., Still, you yourself: will find a keen, personal satisfaction ln.uslng,
good paper and printing:
May we -.how you wrup!"$ >
;■ .1
'. y
.' - - «(>
j --. r!:r-yy*<^-0??y -„
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f, - a."*-y. *- n*. _ *?*. t
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'.iv *•* -'„z>:
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,''.ft7^.      v   '  ' '£■'. V-V:  .->f..--- -.-?: ..-    .:-. .    -■    ,- .."-.-.w.-.-*        ■*-".;,■.___■ '   - -•'   ■" '„ *V' '* *•     -    •<--■   , ",        «_____-______ _1 -     '."-''
'*'^     -_L. V -"*__PV_i' ' ' __P__W___'___ —■-   • "OP"m_______. "A
-_fr¥**y*-*-t¥¥¥¥¥¥V**¥¥,¥^ ■
»»»»»*»¥y»^^¥¥¥,9¥V¥»*»j^¥¥¥*-*f»¥¥^^ j^l****^
♦ •_**•
.- " -'Two:young ladles of Eernie/^aused
. ,**•■ "quite  a , little . flutter •• of excitement'
-  .Vby riding'.through thercamp on horse-
; 7 -{baei'ias't* Saturday.evening.";-',- ,, ; ,\. *
.7   ,-Aiiother social datice^was held In
.... -the-'Club Hall  lasV'FridayVVvening,"
• ,   the;company present was not,    very
7-, largeTbut very; select."-    Mr and Mrs.
,*   : Fred Vance; arid Mrs.'Grey, of Pernie,
7*) were present .and-had a really de-
.'     -Hgh'tfui time.   \    ..'''*     '-'.. '"
•'    - Mrs.  A;, McQueen ■*■ and' family,'- of
"'■' ; Merritt, •> Nicola Valley, is visiting her
.mother, Mrs. R.1 Adamson, up here at
:   'present,'    -      ■•*.. ' . .' J   '^ 7'-.
,   '7* Mr and  Mrs.* Charles  Carter  left
,-   '.y-b'ere this week for-yancouver.    Charr
lie.will be sadly" missed as he' has
*,   been a willing. worker on the relief
■ committee,,     777*   " ■'',,-•
'',7 ;'Rob'.Hewing,tThos. Wilson'and Ed
'' Caulfield,'left, here on, Tuesday for a
,"   trip to-'Wardner.,--,'-'^'-.'i>    "7 7
.'. '.!*. • 7 Mr * and, Mrs. J. Mitchell;, were visl*
■> tors to jElko on Tuesday1 on' the 6cca&
lon'of .he marriage of 'Joe's neice, Miss
-Jennie ,Mitrchell, who: came  to  Coal
\ Creek'with ber'aunt1 a-little over five
'years ago.- -   •" ' '• -1* ■   .':   . *     .
..;There was a grand reunion- up here
/last week, when' Mrs; Jo's." Buchanan
•., and .family arrived ..back . from Cum-
-.berland, Eng.,:after ah absence 'of 12
.  months."    Joe is now wearing a' smile
"" a'yard long, and a. foot thick.,;,!,- 7-
'•     -Born, at Coal Creek on Thursday,
- „August 10th, tb Mr and Mrs, Thomas
Reid, a fine son.-  , Mrs. Reid has been
- very ill hut we hopb to hear of her
.| speedy,,' recovery.  " \_ ,*_• •'_■.■.--..»*,* jj'
■.,- -'*Miss Musical held a*'Socialist' meet-
,    ing in the. Club Hall up "here last Frl-
•   day• afternoon,,   andt .although there
", .were many out of^camp bnxfishing.ev.
;  . peditions,vthere' was a fairly, good, attendance, and those present were r'eal-
" ■*ly,'delighted''withf the way, in..whicli
■'Miss'Muskat' delivered"her"' speech.
. .."Another meetlnglwas held.up' here on
'-. ^Tuesday'evening,, which' had'; ahoVner
... fair''attendance.  .     "7 ''"'    '.   "7*
':,.--*Xrchie Dick's brother William,-has
,'_be_n taking in the sights of Coal. Creek
... this week, ■= -;,He 'will find *,a: deal" of
'■.difference .between _amn__li___-___<hA_
i.   [City'.of Ottawa,, where he belongs.
- - Jacky* Tyson is, at. present visiting
o   his numerous friends-at the coast dis-
' .trict:-   '-','    '   *    - ■    ,  ' ■
y The Coleman correspondent imade a
a  large^ mistake in. last weeks ■ notes
wheirh-§'said one of_the .visiting, team
,  '.was'ordered off'the, field in the,foot-
- .'ball game 'played vtjiere oft the' Sat-
\,urday previous. On enquiring;we find
it was" one of the-Coleman players
:    who" waa* ordered 'off, and 'the game
ended 4 nil in favor of. Coal Creek.
. 7 Our local football team will Jour-'
;ney to Michel on Saturday to play the
socond round of the Mutz Cup,  Both
teams have done fairly well this son-
,. .on, and the teams are fairly woll
balanced and this should bo\an extra
-good< game. '        -. "    "■'.
.   Tho llno-up for the Creek will bo
* no follows. 7        7    ; . »
'■., T. Banns, goal; P. Hesketh and W.
MrJFegnn, backs;'W. Mills ,W. Par
'  nolVahd nJs. Borr, halves; Q.Booth;
T. Oakloy7w; Pllkbrton,' B. Hartwell
... _nnd R.'Johnston.'forwards,    Reserves
B Smith and Patterson,w LJnoomnn,
n, Sanson.
Four Italians turned out to do some
repair'work at No. 5 Mlno on Tuoadhy
but aftor. one of their opuntrymon
saw them In tho evening thoy did not
turn out ngaln.
Dougal Mitchell who-as-been rusticating In Prlnco Rupert, is visit-
ing.his brother. Jos up hero this week.
was .addressing rand by some {.hidden
means the floor gave way.and iri'some
unaccountable -* manner, his' t necktie
chokedchim arid the! took a "drop too
much.",* '• • *-.-"" •''.'--. •-._ .7
7 Nat Evans, is reported to"be'taking
an-aeroplane trip to-the, land of leeks
and corralled cuckoos. ■ P. S.Jr-There
is only one slight'.mistake, and that
is'it is'not true.    ,v\ --, -  -,'
Has .anybody heard who. invented
the combination pedestraln-equestrlan'
mod^of locomotion?. .'For further de-
tallsfsee Big Billy." *■;■?'".,- , .   ' ,
• Come again Crow's '.Nest Orchestra
and let melody trickle through the vale
as' we enjoy..your "music! ^ •:  '" •',
"Mr. E; J. Roberta visited the camp
again last week and it is to be' hoped
'Ufa. he was,,pleased with ttie situation. ; _ ',-,.-, : ,  * '.- . ,7  ■      ""'   ;
' In reply to'-'union men we have not
yet found-out what price per head
Tony'gets 7 for "playing ,the part of
Judas,.but>we- trust^heomay^get the
same reward ' as.' did',' that infamous
character in. biblical-history.* 7     ■' Q
,. We understand that wo have a claim
ant for Italian' opera 'stunts. and he
■ is- so busy * practising-, the part' that
he suits the. action to the weprds"and
carries ari'axe.with", hlm. ,' Why we
don't know unless it is for the purpose
of cutting,,.c-(h)ords of-.wood or. chopping,up notes. .'-,, v -
7 The "Judge"; paid a visit to Fernie
last week for the purpose of aiding in
thei' electioneering industry it is alleged, but we would respectfully, suggest
that before accepting his services .'it
would be well considerHhe advantages
that would.be derived, by, a,candidate
.whose agent" was' a hard-working advocate of scabbery. Rather hard proposition totalk; abput-belng a;friend
of th'e workingman. on'a'political platform. ■-_,_ ,* jjyy: ■ ".,.-.
J An axiom .in ,law'.*ts Jhat the, principal, Is responsible7'for-the acts of
his.,agent,._therefore.>we'think a word
to the wise .is sufficient:  .'    . y'
Oh! you "Jack I ", Have you learnt
"Mary had-a" little lamb" in Welsh?
If not let ine tell you that Welsh mutton and caper caiice is'a; dish \f it'for
an epicure. .It'is of ".course important
that you' steal, the > sheep arid . if no
capers to -be'had,yoU;!*-iut-.your. own.
TT_» t    TT* ■     ••"*■  ""        ' -•*■    -**■" ■*"_   ■■   -r- "    *      J"  .
'iitt^j-itt^.v^vniii^iim^ueutu;   ■  ,■_■     .-   "
By Warbler
I  *
I xx'
What sad fato has ovorcomo "Sweet
Voll! veil I und vat Is dor mattor,
Pllly? . Somebody trying to cut you
oudt again Jal Illonso don't kill nny
Wo Hcorn tho nllogatlon lind dofy
tho alligator—All Corbin boy« nro not
scabs; true, thore hroi somo, but ono
swallow does not mnko a summer, neither does a handful make an army.
Wo are preparing n list of "WhQ's
who" In readlnbss for inscription' on
tho tablet of Famo (nlt) Shamo la tho
Thoro nro three mon up here
80 eyry fond of beer
Thnt- flight  ne dny
They aro full alway,
And-unless thoy stop,
Drink nary a drop,
Deflth notices will read—*
"Tho three ha' deed
"O droptsv..
, (Copyright)
Tho guardian of the law up here
neomB tobp a protty decent chap and
we with him so woll that bo bope bo
will havo nothing to do.
Wo, wero under tho tmpro-slon thai
Paddy wai. run out of camp—wo Know
bo wouldnt run of bis own accord as
Hint would be too strenuous-an effort—perhaps there are those,, who
■would Ilk. te «mi (fats happen, bet then
'ty- Is Impossible to kilt an Irishman
when tbo fates Intcndod blm for a
blither nation. Fact li w« hav* It
uu ituud uulUutlU ilut i>ii» bt his
•ncestont on one occasion waa standing upon n platform pcrchf-d high
above tbe be«d* of tbe crowd tbat be
■ Did you ever* he-jr'the story^of the
man who called,his,donkey. Maxwelton and' when, asked' why _he „ did , replied,; because Maxwelton's Brays" are
bonnle?* Whoop - 'er ..up - altogether
"Annie Laurie!",.      ,    , ■'   -   . :. ••
Say Jump, what does "You know"
mean?    .7"
"-* Do not walk.the mine side of the
track as It'is sacred, ground, -that -is
to say. a sort of a coiripahy garden" of
Eden—perhaps. . "•
' It is to. bo re'gretted that our -boy
bugler Is leaving us or he might tootle
tootle when tho tipple garrison relief
guard Is going on sentry go.
District Board Membors J. Smith
and J. 0.. Jones *fr,ero visitors here
last weelt. '•■"•'•
What is the use of carrying a corkscrew do'|n the track for nothing, Bo?
Benny take a fnthor's advice and'
don't trifle, study the., beautiful words
of tho song "The' Gipsy's Warning"
a<nd cease your fickleness
' J Chnmbers and I Daniels arrlvod
in from the gold diggings with whiskers that are nearly rivals td Billy's
Say, why did you dart, Joo?
. Wo aro glad.to lenrn thnt thero nro
moro than six tall men in Corbin now,
, It Is wonderful, what a woman can
do, A woman onco was attacked bv
vory big man, also an officer.of the
law, but,oh my I tliat womnn only Bald
a littlo, talked for about, nn hour and
—well, that big man and that guardi nn
of tho ponce quit right thoro. Bettor
luck noxt tlmo, Gus nnd Mnc,
Anybody desiring samples of the
curloyhnlrod boy's curls should n.k
Hint Irishman who dropped a hint iho
other day that ho,had somo on cold
About IR "heroes" arrived In :.wn
on Mondny night, Tho tlmo-koojw
will hnvo a job noon.
Wo don't llko tho now musician.
If tho President of the Dig Gnmo
Club kocps on ho will soon bo mayor
of Corbin, director in Bpoknno or—lose
his job,
Thoro Is somo talk ot making application for the Canicgto medal In*
brnvory on bohnlf of ono ot our residents but ns he Is of a vory retlr ns:
disposition It will lw wlso to procond
with extrcmo caution.
♦ *♦♦♦♦♦ ♦;••> ♦;••*.♦ ♦".*♦
♦ 7 :'-;7;. 7-" 7 ♦
♦ 'MICHEL NEWS1   *-    *'•♦
.♦  ,; ■ •-    By "Krimeav."     v"7; 7 ♦
♦"       '   r   ' "-'    !-'7~ .":,-"..'".''-."*- '-- ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦'♦ ♦*♦ .♦ '♦ ♦■.♦*
A Hindoo whilst walking.cm. the
track''oa Monday night .'one-mile, west
of Crows Nest was; run* over and .'n-
stantly ldlled." 'The unfortunate' man
was the worse' for, liquor ■ and ' staggered onto the track in front of, the
engine, the engineer having'no chance
to pull up ln time. '-Mr. Murray,'
Coroner for'Michel, held an Inquest
and a verdict of accidental death was
returned. The body of the unfortunate- man was cremated afterwards by
his companions: ,'• ...
,Mr. Thomas Crahan'paid, a visit to
Lethbridge this week,      '
Mr. Tim'.Truran left for the coast
Sunday morning,* where he takes up
the position. qf master mechanic for
the Union'Collieries,        .-.•   \ '    ,*
' Mi* Albert Bastan left Sunday morning for.'Nelson. . ;
, Mrs%M. D._- McLean was a visitobr
to Fernie Monday. " _   '        '"• -, ,   1
'   The cooking department of the Hotel
-Venezia is now under the able manage
ment, of Miss • Annie Carr.
. Howes Great London Show,; which
gave'-one,performance here last Thursday, was "the means of drawing quite
a large _ crowd . from  outside points.*
Everyone seemed highly pleased with
the various performances.     The1" side
shows were the means of drawing a
large crowd after the iriain show and
everyone'' voted them as' O.K.
'- Mr. Dave' Robinson left on Monday
nights' flyer' for Lethbridge. *■
Mr and Mrs. Jabez Rayner and* family left for Grassy Lake, Monday,
where they Intend to make-their home.
, * Mr"- Murray Elder,' who' for a long
time has been employed' at-the Kootenay Telephone Central Office/'has left
for Summerland. - Miss Emma Simons
has \now got" 'the • position'' of • "Hello
girl." V"   '.'■".,'    -
- The .following" is the Michel, Team
for the semi-final of the Mutz Cup.
♦ J. Moore,1'goal;: Watson and Bohill,
backs; Ferguson' (capt.), W. Jenkins,
J. Sweeriey,'. halves;- Sim Weaver,
Brown, Geo." Millett, * Beddington, Ha;**-
■        - ' I- r "  I   .
son. .
care of .'a watchman," if, there, was'rio'
hope of resuming*the work by" the first
of August. "'" '■' \7   -'_     '-',*
-The officers, menaced themselves by
this, order, influenced^ the,men to, convoke a-^meeting, 'arid- to-declare their
attitude, the more so. that the* great
majority had manifested - the wish'to
go back to work". Tlie meeting took
place ori Sunday or -.Monday, but the
Slovaks, Poles, Italians and' Spaniards
and Frenchmen "claim toThave. been
prevented by the few but aggressive
English speaking men. They claim' to
have been terrorized.
The above mentioned officer-.prayed me to convoke a meting and to explain to the men the consequences to
their full extent if they would not resume the work by tho first ,of August.
He represented to me the hardships
that 'would follow • after the eviction
and closing down befall the families of
the''miners as of'the* officers themselves."    '   7 , '*/ *.   _    ■*■- '    - , *.   ' '
I did not'see how. I'could interfere
arid went the following day'to Fernie
In Fernie I received Friday noon*, a
telegram-from Mr. Roberts, the Gene-
, •   1 _-.
ral,Manager of Corbin Mines, to meet
him at'the Fernie station and to ac-
com'pamy him to Corbin.
■■''Mr. Roberts,informed me that he
was'going, to Corbin with the'strict
order from, the president to close the
camp'indefinitely-and to evict the men
if'by1 the -1st of August they would
not resume work.', - His' Intention was
to .give a last, chance to the men to
settle " temporarily' on • Rev .Gordon's
decision, "and * if • later on the union
would iri other places obtain more, the
Corbin, miners also would get the
same increase;,If the union would settle for less,- they1 would get lessv also.
It was not, so, stated Mr. Roberts,
his intention-to break the.union', but
to represent *;'"to <f-the' men how' the
company's and' the men's besU interests, were welded- together ia the pre*-
sent-'case. -"'      -" .,' ",-v
-The reason * was. that the International . Railway * Co.',-their only' cus-
tomer"' until date.^were 'compelled, by
the" strike to make-arrangements with
other, coal companies in Washington
and Montana; *and'--Were offered .very
favorable-terms* if for a whole year's
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ •*• ♦ ♦ ♦"♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ~ ♦
O      COLEMAN NOTES BY 22-     *-
♦ 1*      •'   V   "",      ■-•--♦
♦ •♦ ♦ .♦ ♦■*,♦♦♦   _► ♦,•♦'♦
On. Saturday- last John Swan was
presented* by his better, half with a
son and heir. --,
At a regular meeting of the' local to
be held in the Opera House on Saturday next it is'expected that.the qut-s-;
tion'of the hospital will come, up for
discussion, and as this, is of great importance to all concerned lt Is earnestly urged that all who can attend will
be ln attendance. ,
Building is progressing in good
shape. Mr. Thomas Smith0 has , laid
the foundations. for a large house to
be erected on, the top bench "on Sixth
Street.     .
♦ We notice that a large gang of men
are* busy repairing the govornment
roads at each side of our street.
William Fegan called at Coleman
recently 'end ;took' quite a bunch 01
men out to a prospect about 7 mltas
to the'north'of the town.   .,
On Wednesday .August 16th, Coleman Baseball team journeyed, to Blairmore to play their fixture there. The
crowd was a large one, arid in the
early stages of-the game,it looked as
though the score would be nil, but. In
the fifth innings Coleman-drew first
blood with a, score bf 2 and Blairmore
responded with a run, and from that
on-it was a hotly contested" fight, ending with honors in favor of Colemnn
with.six runs to Blairmore's 4.'-
. Nat Evans and Ben Lewis were visitors here'from. Corbin, this week. *
Mr aiid^ Mrs. Heap left Wednesday
morning for Lundbreck!s rolling plains.
-'Mr and Mrs.,.Tames Berry departed
Wednesday morning, on n visit to tbe
CO'-i"... .'*'.'      "'
The .baseball match played 'Wednesday liy two picked teams was one of
tbe evenost games witnessed-In Michel
The result wns 16 to 15 in favor of
Dr. Welden's team.
Tho doctor's team had quite the best
of It and had it not been for McLan-
ders, the pitcher who lost control of
hlmsolf, the score would have been
greater. „■
' * Uncle Benny has left camp for parts
unknown.      '* . *
What's ,tho matter with the groat
wave of prosperity thnt, Billy Ross
advocated last election' would flow
ovor the East "Kootenays If he'was el-
qctod? '     " •
The football boys are out for winning ori Saturday and Billy Hughes'
easy grace smile will fade away. •■
Wo notico ln the Notes of. Conl
Creek la.t issue that tho Creek Is now
on n lovol footing with Michel nnd oro
willing to piny the longuo flnnl match
011 neutral ground.
PIoubo remember the Coal Crook
team has only played six matches and
lost four points, whilst Mlchol has
playod eight gnmos and hnvo*lost four
points. Tho following ls tho standing
of tho league at present,
If, you've-.anything good to say of a
-man,   7    .--'-, \
Don't .wa*t.ill he's la'd at vest., -
For the eulogy spoken  wben hearts
Is an empty thing,at best.
are'broken'    .   ,-, ;
Ah! the blighted flower now drooping
1 lonely       ' ''-'•    ,_ r  -
Would perfume tho mountain side.
If the sun's glad ray, but shone to-day
And the pretty bud espied.
If you've any alms to give to the poor
Don't wait till you hoar the cry '"-
Of wan distress in this wilderness,
l_est the one forsaken die;1
Oh, barken to poverty's sad lament!
* Be swift her w'ants to allay:   ,
Don't* spurn God's poor from the' fav-
ijred door,
As you hope for mercy some day.
Don't wait for another to bear the
* Of sorrow's irksome load:
Let, your hand extend to a stricken
- '  ■ friend   •      7.7      '   "" ■'
As he totters-, down' life's road,
And if.you've anything'good tb say of
* ' a" man "■ :
Don't wait-till'he's laid at"rest;-
For the eulogy spoken' when  hearts
are broken ' --. [
.Is an empty thing at'best. . "'     *'"
L, .
.. *8
CV.nl Creek
'..• fl
l-'rnnk .. .,
..   6
(V.omnn   .,
..   7
IMicvuo   ..
..   C
, a
**H     <
Wo road In tho London Labor Load-
"Tho French Socialist Co-Oporatlvo
Soclotlos nro making arrangements t6
r-vfilim *n**1t!*>>, fl^rmnn nnd A«*trlnn
children In Paris during tho third
week In August, with tho Idea of Inculcating In thol ryoung minds tho Ideals
of Internationalism.and.Peaco, M,
PauITrlbonrg, tho aecretary, wrltoa
Inviting British-Trade Unionists, So-
■nlnllats and CojOpc-rotori to «md their
children. 'Onr English "comrades,* ho
*ny», 'havo only to. pay to travel, and
We lake upon onrselves all the other
eipemaea, and we put all out bt.*rt to
receive your children, and they shall
be our children during a wooV.'  Wo
(Tho following hns boon forwnrdod iib
hy Prosldont ot Michel Locnl for
Mlchol, B. 0,
August 3rd, 1011
Tho ProBldont of Michel Locnl U. M,
W. of A.—
Sir,-—Arrlvod In town this morning,
I wns on my way from tho station to
tho church, whon questioned hy ono of
your members In regnrd to my rof^t
visit, to Corbin.
Always ready lo glvo nn opon ac<
rri,.i   .1 -.:.  .'.,111,   1.1   ,      t   11 1   •    I
V V.  .....     1-«     **._!      *->*..I*     ..„>__,     i     .....    ..*.*
rith«**rv7lfl-> le my HMontlfthfr. Tint from
hin questions I had to concludo thnl
not exact news from Corbin had yot
reached the town, only certain vague
nnd deformed rumors. .
*pl-/M»„Tl*i'l'nf* tX,flt  IX,n  mAtnlift-..  nt \Xllri
hol Locnl U, M, W, of A. would like
to have an exact account of the happenings In Corbin, let me prosont you
the situation as far an I can grasp It.
It might belp to cloaf somo misunderstandings that could possibly arise
In the inlndn of cortaln gentlornon.
Wednesday, Jnly Mth, I received a
contract. ~TEIs.; contract,- once "made,
they would In all probability continue
during a'whole.year, to have a loss of
some $5,000, in keeping the .Corbin
camp open;   * '    •
*' So'tbey decided to close the camp
immediately If ttie-men were opposed
to'resume'the work under the Gordon
decision! without'the Mcleod ■ rider.;'
' His intention was to convike a public meeting .and' to make the proposition to'the riien and to subject Its acceptance to' a secret'ballot. He invited me'to Interpret hlm to the
Slovaks, Poles, Russians and Italians
who form the grent majority,
' Having,assured myself that ho did
not come to break up the union, and
considering the'hardships that1 would
befall the'many families aftor eviction,
and. thai tho Michel meri, who in' all
probability will "remain Idle for long
time even after the 'strike ls. settled,
would otherwise lose a good place of
refuge,. I accepted the Invitation, supposing to meet ln Corbin one or the
other District Officers notified by tho
Local Officers of tho circumstances.
The public meeting took place Saturday afternoon at tho club; almost
everybody appoared and listened to
Mr.'Smlth's (tlio superintendent) propositions, mnde in Mr. Robert's nnmo.
I Interpreted thom to,, tho mnny
Slovaks, Polos, Russlnns nnd Italians,
who before tho meeting expressed me
their great satisfaction about It,   *
After tho mooting, -where everybody
replied, a socrot ballot was taken; (14
declaring' for work; 10 ngalnst. A
list was Immediately opened for ovory
body who wished to enroll his namo
for work, and ns was roportod later
on nil but 0 or 7 slgnod it nnd stnrtod
to,work on Mondny.
Somo might'blamo'mo for giving
my nsslstnnco ns Interpreter to Mr.
Ilbborts, Will'(hoy blnmo mo for having lent my iiBBlstanro to tho Itnllnn
Intorprotor from Fernio, who approach
ed mo In tho beginning of tho present
labor troublo In ordor that I ,mny
trnnslnto,to hlm Into Slovak tlio pro*
grnm of tho Union? Will thoy blamo
bo for other Instances of a similar
nntiiro? Why then should I bo blamed for Interpreting Mr. Robort. In
Corbin? For hnvlng it dono to avert
distress from mnny'families?. For
hnvlng It. dono In ordor to snvo ono
of tho bost mining plncos to tho work-
,.'_... ...»♦ . **.    |!4U«.4.     tl.fV.1,    WMll/      .1*41*11.
•men   nflcr   llio  prrnr-ni   IrnnWe   w\]\
find work ntul, Rood work, should their
own mines romnin Idlo owing to thoir
present slate?
This Is tho viewpoint from which I
n/>«X.1 T.*:'*J    Vtr-lf'.r.i.il        *m r, ,•       ,J'.','_-
Ironi the viewpoint of others, P do
nol Intond to coorco them to take my
viewpoint, and I imk the samo froodom,
I clnlm always ihe right; yen, I regnrd
It ns my duty, to net according to
my viewpoint—according to my coni
science. (i
It In the present rase somebody Is
♦ " . .    , ♦
*•>,.. * . ■ HOSMER  NOTES.    . ♦
♦ , By "Krltlk."     , .» , ♦
♦" .",. ''"■-'                     , ♦
♦ ♦;♦.<»>"♦,♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
;' Mr. Mutz, of the Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing, Co., drove into town on Tues
day... ,*',>'' . . ' ' ','*,'•
'■' Mr.'Andy Thompson, brother of-J.
D.. Thompson -left on Wednesday for
his-7home'in Keusel, N. D."
Mrs. Frlzell'and daughter, Mrs. Pot-
terj-,of..Fernie, .paid a social 'visit to
Mrs/-Rogefs on Friday last.
, Mr,-and Mrs. Bat Roslco, formerlly
oi the" Hosmer'- Hotel, but now ^ bf
tarices ln, town this week.
, Mrs. , Spalding, of "Fernie, was the
guest of* her friend, Mrs, Jarvis, of the
Royal Hotel, this week.
'.Mrs. Hedley entertained'a number of
juveniles at'the""milk ranche on Saturday, in honor of Jimmy's eighth birth'
day,, and the^childr'eh are unanimous
In wlshlng.Jlpnriiy many, happy returns
of -the day,; and likewise" would like
to help ,hlrii to celebrate the event
about twelve times a yoar. What with
fresh cream for the babies nnd Ice
cream for the. youngsters, Mr, Hedley Is a great favorite.
Rev. J. Roberts left on Thursday for
Iteginn, Sask., ln order to attend to
business of a personal nature.,
Itev rather,John Snlles loft for
Kamloops on Mondny, wlioro lt ls expected he will be stationed as parish
priest for some time
Mrs. Robort Anderson entertained a
Lumber of young peoplo nt Iter home
recently in honor of Miss Alice Mr.-
(Jregor who will bid farewell to Hosmor
In tlio near futuro.
Dancing and dining wore the principal features of, the nssembly, the
music was the best, refreshments
dainty and palatable,, nnd when all
had returned to their homes they voted tho event as exceedingly onjoynblo,
A'i. Fred Waters hns added a'huge
hedgehog to his already large mena-
Mrs. Ilughlo Bell, of Corbin, visited
nei Maters, MoRdnmes Robinson und
Lcndixit.ttei', a few days this week
Sovornl of our yoimgor citizens
climbed tlio Llzzard Rnngo, Fernio,
Inut Sundny ln search of the juicy
Mis. Kobison, or Fornio, Is visiting
Mrs, Mu.ii.rovo Ihis wok,,,
Miss Dell Flolchor (ook n trip down
to Mlchol this wook nml pnld visits to
her friends In tho ronl lown enst of
Mr nnd Mrs. A. 11. Cnmpboll outer
tulned their friends, Mr nnd Mi'*.
MorrlH, this week.
Wo nro vory plonsod to report Hint
MIhh Lottlo Pltblndo la mice ngnln In
good health nnd nblo to attend to
thn mimical education of hor pupils.
A thunderstorm of tho nolscst arrived lu Ilosmor on Mondny night nml
completely shattered nt lonst tcnipor-
ftrlly the assertions so fri-<|ueni|y
heard of "a nnl"! town," nnd Ihi* resounding echoes must hnvo dlsturbr.
miuiy of the domxenw of tho surroun:!*
int; hills from their slumbers.
Cal em an
• W. H. Murr,
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
*0 ** .
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys   .
Billiards and Pool
Coffee.and Sandwich
Counter,   .
I . -     :
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue ;7
FERNIEi.B-C.       Phone 34
1 ,
A went   Fernie   Branch    »
k *
¥ Pellatt   Ave.    Nortli 1
i >
Your Architect.
1, - _
can give * you* an idea of what
," 1 1 ■   **,. .,
you have in mind for that new
house 'of' yours, * but he
May Plan a House
that costs double what you want
to expond.   Wo have figurod but
how    ,_
To Suit Your Pocket
and glvo, you a beautiful homo
at 'low .figures. You'll Bavo
monoy buying a house of ub,
Insurance    Real Estate
Printers Ink
When med on goo**! prunes and
neatly displayed type for ymir station,
ery it valuable. We Invc ev_«ry
fa.'ilily for _nin(_ thc !>■ it of job work,
and nt a minimum pri' -.-*. , ,
letter from a minor offtcer of thf* Cor- to he blamwl lt is In tho first itlnee
bin Coal Co. and a friend of mlno to
the extent tbat the president of tho
Corbin Cn*-! Co had given strict orders
the Corbtn Locnl Officers, who knew
the whole- situation, who Unow (he
l-nmpj-r of the men and did nothing to
to dose down tbe Corbin mines In- direct towards It the attention* of the
hope many of our readers will avail.definitely, to dismiss all officers, toj nutria Officers,
.U...»Uv.-» o« khl» olfef.  They sWouU*noklly xbo ooopie to meat* the hnus«i    Mr. *'r*-*.-lent, you would oblige mo
write direct to M, Trlbourg. 40 noule-jthe first of August, and to evlet them'in communicating my; letter   to   «h«
vnrd TioYlUy, Pari*, tor tall prtrrlfii-!Immediately If noedod, to closo the]ni*tx*t» 'mfctlng,
jwfcole* -camo **d to k*t« It onder ih**.
MONTIIKAJ.. Aug, O.—Frank Pat-
rifle who with his brother I/nter ,1s
promoting a new hockey league in
wcst.rn Canada, la in town. Ills purpose Is evidently to sign up some of
tho enatcrn hockey stars to serve as
iv hnokbene for the l-cngun. It in ssld
.hat his first attempt •*««' su«y*st*ful
when ho signed up Kmle .Tohnnton,
tin-- Wanderer *ov*T point, who. nl-en
-•taylnK In form, is probably tin** great-
oit defence player In tho eountry.
This would mean that he will not j
tie aide rn play In the N, H. A. ngnln.
<-xr-f*|it on the payment ef a tint* im-}
pntod upon any ant*** who should Jump!
J. MKISSNTR, O.M.I, an &**rxfAtl*r»n ror.xtatu
New Michel
& Blairmore
1 "."-■Tv-XT""
: *?.
-:. of}.-*
■f~^~!r-C-i' -3£?r*syp-
.-■.V*** .*
•>v^v-»v^J> -■'■'. *-,;>«••-*
L--"'; .? ,-■"":"'17"v'7;7 - ^«r-lL7*v.*-\ *>"-. _-*•'■' '7*•""'*■■-. ' -J
;  *-;\i >-,, '*-,",,7,•, y -  •-"7/    *"."*   -*i.'7   ■'  ..7,   J
'. '
T    - -.   .-.-.'•-. * * -       * '■ - -■--.-'...."   «
The annual report" of Hh© "Winnipeg
superintendent.©, neglected children is
lull of meat, though we reckon it was
. .   ,     hardly  anticipated  that, it would he
meat for us.'* .It cheerfully",reels off
o   . the following,, which .fell out   of   the
mouth of Teddy the Strenuous con-
*-*-       cerning the old methods &oV -phllan-
• throphy.
"We were then in the muzzle-loading
■  ' stage of the fight against evil.1   Men
* , and women* do mighty good work with
the muzzle-loaders, but we want to
use breech-loaders now; It is no
assault upon the captains of hundreds
* and captains of tens who still'natur-
«       ally cling to the weapons of their youth
when we advocate an improvement In
the instruments with which-we strive
to meet the evils in conditions today."
Then it proceeds to picture us the
strongholds of evil these "breech-load-
•-    ers" has to be turned against.   Here's
some of It:
An Investigation in to tho conditions
and work done by these children elicited the following facts:
Little White Slaves
Their employment began at a very
.early age. - *' u      - '.
o 131 were six years old or under."
1,120 were six and seven.
4.211 were between seven and eight.
11,027 were between eight and nine.
22,131 were betweenfnine.and' ten..
Here  are  some  specimens  of  the
kind of work done by these children:
.Little   boy*  peeled   onions   twenty
hours a' week for a weekly .wage of
eight pence. „ *
' -* Little girl under six carried milk
. .thirty-five hours per .week for her
parents—no wages.
' - ' Another was a nurse girl — a nurse
girl under six! ' She worked twenty-
nine hours a week for twopence and
her food.
A boy of ten was classed as'a farm
laborer; he worked 7 hours a week for
a'wage of three shillings. -
, -      A, boy of twelve worked as a farm
laborer 87 hours a week,, for a wage
\    *  of two shillings and sixpence. "*
{.'    A newspaper boy, aged 12, worked
.  .    100 hours per week, Including Sundays,
and received •• three shillings and' six:
.   pence and his meals.        7
.One boy was in the habit of rising
between-three and four every morning,
-       '  Bta.rt{.ri nnt. at 4 _tfl tn toV» im for-wity.
five working men who each paid   him
threepence a week. He returned from
his  dinner  at ■* 5.30   and. then  went
around as a newspaper boy from-6 to
' C    ,   9,„then he went to school.     The report, states he was a very regular boy
v ,       at.school but often half asleep.
•  . Another girl unr'or six was an err
and girl and ran about D\e streets at
least fifteen hours a por week for .iv
pence. '
The educr.tlon.il ititninments of Ilie
children wero -very low none be'iif.
higher than tne fourth grade.    ■ •,
-Selling papers in the streets occupied
15,182.   '*      ,
'Hawking other, 2,435.
■* Service in stores, 70,173,
Odd jobs, 10,636.
Minding babies, 11,585.
Curd box making, etc., 4,019,   •
- Tlio hours of labor wore excessive,
only 39,355 woro employed for tho period of ten hours por wek,
00,208 were employed from ton lo
*  twenty hours;
■  .27,008 woro employed from twenty
to thirty hours;
9,778 wero omployod from thirty to
forty liourB,
2,390 wore employed from forty lo
fifty hours,
793 woro employed' ovev fifty hourG.
Two glrlH over twolvo yonr* wero
omployed In homo work iind going er:
riimlfl as follows:   Began work at 7.45
to lu o'clock; thon 12.30 to 1.30; then
4.30 lo' 8 p. m,   Ono was pnld tlir.o
,pence* jtor woolc nnd tho other nlno
ponrc n wop], and hoi* food.   The Intervals woro spout In school.
Truly ono Is forced to thn rnnelu.
Imperfect Kidney Action
Causes Rheumatism
Rheumatism with Ub kindred ailments
—lumbago, Wry Neck, Neuralgia, etc,
usually results from lodgments of uric
acid In the joints and muscles.   **-
Now tlie chief function of the kidneys
is to properly Alter this poison from the
Only when tliey fall to do this Is
Rheumatism probable,
Kidney weakness starts in various
ways. A sudden chill, after perspiring
freely, sometimes settles In the kidneys
—or nn unusual strain may cause it.
Poisons which should be filtered out
of the system nre pumped back Into the
blood, causln*"** Uric Acid, the real c'auM
of Rheumatism, lumbago, Wry Neck,
Neuralgia, etc.
In u»c i-iiiiv -U|*i;a iSyut » atone Hoot
Compound v.HI Mop \\,
Will start your kidneys working properly so that the Uric Acid is reabsorbed
•nd eliminated.
Away goes your Rheumatism with It.
Perhaps these early warning twinges
liave passed unheeded, nnd vmir Rheumatism has become deep seated.
Muscles all snarled up in knots as it
were, ■,
^ Tlien you'll need Nyal'i Rheumatic
Ask your own druggist about tbesi
Ills opinion ii worth while.
For Halo In Pernio nnd Uu'arantood by
N. E. _UDDA0.
sion'after reading the above that this
is the essence of child torture. What
a farce and what ,an infliction ef pain
to endeavor to educate the brains in'
such poor, tired little bodies. , How
true the words, of Goethe.
"He who has seen the misery of man
only has seen nothing, but he must see
the misery of woman;-he who has
seen the- misery of woman only, has
seen nothing, he must see the misery
of childhood."    -7 '     ,
Thc   Semi-Starved   Children   of   the
Tlie medical expert - who . examined
the children going to.school under the
authority of the Liverpool .Board of
Education comment, as follows on, the
condition of the semlstarved children
ofthe slum district:
"Starvation acting on a nervous temperament," reported Dr. Arkle as tp
the chllddren he examined, "seems to
produce' a sort- of acute precocious
cleverness.*.'1 Over i,and over'again I
noted such cases of children, without
an vpunce of superfluous flesh .upon
them, with skins harsh and rough,* a
rapid pulse and nerves, ever on the
strain, and yet with an expression * of
the'most lively intelligence. But-It
is. the eager intelligence of the hunting animal, with every faculty strained
to the uttermost so as to miss no opportunity of obtaining food. I fear
that it Is from this class that the ranks
of pilferer sand' sneak' thieves come,
and their cleverness is'not of any real
intellectual value.1,' On the other hand,
with children of a more' sympathetic
temperament, starvation seems to produce creatures more like automata. I
do" not know how many children I examined .among the poorer* sort who
were' in a sort of- dreamy condition,
and would only, respond to some yery
definite stimulus. They seemed to be
in a condition of semi-torpor, unable to
concentrate their attention on anything, and taking no 'notice of their
surroundings, if left alone.' To give
an example of ..what'I mean, if I told
one of these children to open its-mouth,
it would ** take no notice unless the
request became a command," ."which
sometimes had to be accompanied.by
a, slight-shake to.draw 'the ^child's* attention. . Them the mouth .would" be
slowly opened< widely, but'hb effort
would be made to close it again until
experiment I left one child "with its
mouth- wide open' the whole .time I
examined it, and it never once shut it.
Now that shows a condition something
like what 'one gets with a pigeon that
has had Its higher brain centres removed, and is a'very sad thing to see
in a human being.- I believe both
these types of children are suffering
from what I would call starvation of
the nervous system, ln one case causing irritation, and in the other torpor.
And further, these cases were always
associated with the clearest signs of
bodily starvation, stunted growth," emaciation, rough and cold skin, and the
mouth fiill of viscid saliva due to hunger.'* With,, such children I generally
had to mako tliem swallow two or three
times beforo the mouth was 'clear
enough to examine tho throat. ....
I do not think I heed say any moro to
show that the oxtent of the degenorn-
tioi: revealed by this Investigation has
reached a -very alarming stngo. ... In
my ,o'pInIon tho children must first bo
taught how to live, and liolpod to
got food to oiiablo thom to do,It."
Worse than. SlaveB '■
A report which has been Issued by
Miss Jonos, a well known Yorkshire
fnctory Inspector, throws an unpleasant light upon tho evils which attend
tho omploymont of married womon In
text Ilo factories,
"Married womon In the Wost Riding
of Yorkshire," snys Miss .Tones, "ln
ndtlltlon to bearing children nnd caring
for lioinoB, nro ofton oxpoctod partially
nnd sometimes wholly, to support the
family. In a numbor of ensos which
hnn romo undor our notico tho wives
work nil dny In tho mill nnd on tliolr
rotiirn tidy tho homo, baking nnd
wiiHliliig for tho fnmlly, Mnny do not
rcrtlro until! midnight, rising ngnln
onrly to mnko hoiiio prcpimillon for tlio
iiilil-diiy monl boforo going lo work.
In tho dinnor hour thoy qiilclily rolurn
liropiiro llio monl, servo hiiHlmnd niul
children, swallowing lliolr own food ton
hurriedly, nnd ngnln hnHten hnrk to
tlmlrdiillpH, Tliolr lives ofton nppnnr
to bo Iltlo bollor thnn hIiivoh, nnd
mnny nt forly-flvo uro broken down
women, pronintur_y ngod.
"If n community Is to hn Judged by
the Hindis of Iih womnn cortnlnly thn
condition of tlio working womnn horo
remind**; one of coolie women In Indln
nr Hioho of mnnv of tlin Afi-lcnn trlhoa
wlioro womon nro moro or Iorh liniistH
of bunion. Tito mornl orfoct, upon tho
men in \..ry dlKriHlrous, It oncoiiingot.
tlurn In st-lflhlmos mid idl-mos, and
tlioni lu HolflHliiu'Hi* nnd IdlonoiH, nntl
mnny of lliom become exco_llnp.lv
i In/y,
A forceful oxprnsHlon of whnt Infant
mort nilly monns Ir found nt tho ond of
n tlilrty.pngo utility of tho statistics for
(Sri-iii. llrltnln nnd Irolnnil,
"A high 'denth rnto' monns a high
damaRo rate' iuul ncccuarlly a Mich
rnto of efficiency It* 1« not tho fit
who iiuului nml U.« unfit purish; it lw
"(I). Tho thousands of licnlthy
babies aro yearly dono to dnath by
preventable diseases nnd unnecessary
■wll* surrounding.
"(2).   That thousand* moro babies
fkro trip...*-.., have their dt^stlv-n organs   seriously Impaired,   nre   sown
with   tho  hi'Mh  of phthisis,   become
feeble-minded'and physically deteriorated because they have never had a
chancy to* live a healthy, life.   ■       J ,
"(3).'JThat" a* certain number of
babies.are born unfit to live owing.to
unnatural social - conditions, and'tlie
evils, "of - poverty, drink^disease ,. and
undue" industrial pressure,. amid,-which
their mothers live." •
So much for social conditions- in
England, turning to the United'-States
we find as follows: -       y   '     *7    .
During good years—     ,
1903—Twenty *iper cent." of 'tlie people of Boston' ln distress.
1903—Fourteen per cent, of.tlie people of Manhattan evicted every year.
Statistics show that about ten' per
cent, of those who' die in Manhattan
have pauper burials.  . ' -
During" bad years— !
1897—-Nineteen per cent. ■ of - the
people of New York ln distress.
1899—Eighteen per cent, of the people of New York in distress. *
L' According to the latest; available
data gathered from' official" reports
and publications of the Unietd States
and publications of the Unietd States
we learn— , '.-"''•'•■,.
' ;'Tri prosperous years not less than 10
millions of persons are1 living in poverty, -that is, to say,, in an? underfed,
uriderclad. and. poorly housed •condition'.'
['About 4,000,000 are public-paupers.
7 "2,000,000 working, men are unemployed from four to five and six
months in the,year.
"About 500,000 male - immigrants'ar-'
rive yearly and seek work in the districts where s unemployment is the
greatest.    ' *
"Over    .700,000'little-children' are
forced to become wage-earners when
they still "should be in school.-, *
. "About"2,000,000 women are employed in'factories and-mills.   ' -
"About 1,000,000-workers are killed
of injured each year while engaged in
their work; and about 10,000,000 people'
will, if the present ratio is kept up,
die in the near future of preventable
disease." ',, •"'
i Speaking of crime in, the United
States ohe'well known writer says:—
t'That'if three-fifths of the annual crop
of crime-there could be nipped in the
budit^woul dsave the country "the
staggering amount of $450,000,- •') j.i-r
annum."    ■      , <     7
—~ It_s*hard' tO"beiieverbut"nevertb"eies"s"
a fact,"that on Feb.  13,., 1908, there
' STYLE t*B_:
7   7 7 •'dentist.*'7" -:'.7s-
■ Offir-3: Johnson-Faulkner/Block.,;-•
/."■V. VPho'Do72
Hours 9-12; 1-6;,
'i -*-*■*. ■
'   I.     v      . '•**     ■> ""
_-.-.  ^ .  . ^-s,^.'^.- . ^ ,-    ... y ,n
Qffice Henderson Block, Fernie-B.C. '
■- - y ■-/* ,»' v- • ' '..■*■-"•-■;•■-■"■.'• '-
"-, Hours,9 to ... 2 to 5. 6 to 8.-   ,
' . Residence" 21 Viotoria- Ave._\ 7
,W. R. Ross K. C.
W. S. Lane
your way home to-night will you please
count the hundreds of bare foot boys
who will try to sell you a penny paper,
and If you should not go back to your-
apartment before the small hours,
you would wonder when all the children got any sleep. ,'
~ ''Cruelty to children!1 You read in
all the Sunday papers'that story of a
wealthy woman who owns a" home and
a'vacant* lot on Fifth " Avenue., Of
course I shall not- tell her name. - But
the vacant lot Is worth $650,000 Is used
as a playground by a noble dog who
wears a^Bilk coat which .cost ?50.00,
and' a- jeweled collar worth $1,500.00
Rubber, boots, fur-lined, to protect his
poor feet.\And an attendant'sees to
it that the priceless animal's wants are
* \      **        f Al r *
filled-*as soon as'expressed. , Take a
walk some day through the "narrow
streets of the'east side. Watch the
wretched" * little * creatures who are
the - children ' of the common vulgar
people who work for a' living. Their
cotton' cloaks may have cost thirty
cents when new.',' Their playground is
.the public street,., and ""it costs thom.
and then "it'only fcosts" their lives„And
trolley car or a' wago*-. runs over them,
nothing' except,   of   course   when,   a
do you know that.a Brooklyn judge
granted 'nn .nde'rahltjr of onedollar tn
a bereaved father whose child had been
killed by a car? ,     * '
"And do you know' what tUese kids
eat? Do you know how many practically, "subsist on the free breakfast tha ■
Is given to",Bchool,'children by some
philanthropic bakers "of the east side?
Do you know where" they sleep? On
a pile of rags or garments their father
nnd mother have , been sewing on.
During the "summer they spend their
nights'on roofs or fire escapes'. And
do you know that 100,000 children ln
New York*, go without schooling or .attend school part of the tlnie, that^is an
hour'a day.?". *        ',•.-,*
And that's only a corner of it all.
The evil seems somewhat firmly, entrenched. * But.'those breech-loaders
that are,to be,turned upon it to so
much.'better effect- than, the'old muzzle-loaders. '..What are they? "Juvenile Courts," "Scientific Investigation"
(it is to".laugh) -and "Playgrounds."
Yes, playgrounds. For-children tliat
are too tired,to go home'and' too dead
dead' toopen their mouths.' We can
see the battlements-of evil crumble.—
The Western Clarion.'
V  Barristers and-Solicitors
Fernie,*"B. C.'
'Ifl .*.-"
.     .      ;   -, -i •    ''; ?'* •.    i
,      -i- x     .- ;-.-\-,-,   - .--    ,*,'.,
"_. *\ •_    A_        ' - * . »     »     "  ,
■ 7"***"' '*"-' yy.i"■*■*../ '.-' .-.,*.
■ '\'*/ArMcDQiigaIl,,--Hgr. 7 ':.*■
■■-•    *'   -'" 7'7*;vJ-.-77.'-7...
v- .,   "■ ,-
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
C. Lawe * ' Aftsx. 1. Fisher
7-    LAWE. £: FISHER !-
''*■*.'   •'-ATTORNEYS   ;.'   -. , •
•*-> , -•' Fernie,* B. C. ,:
t   ' -_„   -. i i    •■ - .   t - O l   '       "
» A =r_a.a t\ \w cfm-aiit-
were,in the.city of New York 101,277
absolutely windowless homes, most of
them bedrooms, inhabited by the
poorer .class—those who pay rent of
$3.00 ,to $10 per month.
•In 1903 the newspapers of New York
recorded the fact that a messenger boy
had been frozen to death in his -delivery wagon, too tired-to go home, he
laid down in his'wagon to sleep     -1
A committee which Investigated this
matter in New Yovk found messenger
lads of fourteen and under who had'
been "on duty continuously for 20, 30,
40, arid even 72 hours. The only rests
during these long periods wero snatch
es of sleep behveiv message on tho
wooden benches'ln tho office,
J:i 1904 the same pnpors liad ihls
pnrawi'iijjh: ,
"Pnralyijed from • work a messenger
boy lay unconscious in tho street for
two hours his limbs'being temporarily
pnrnlysiod. The child told the doctor
ho thought ho hnd walked nbout CO
miles thnt dny,"
■Lord Shnftosbury, many yenrs ngo,
deplored tho awful condition of tho
London street boys.
In JD03 In New York, nnd Chicago
chlldron wuro found In exactly tho snmo
con ill i Ion,
In Inst yenr's report 1 cited tho caso
of tho Jukes family numbering'some
1,097 purson? In a'1 'IIHh ono fnmlly
cost tlio stnto In whloli-Uioy lived tho
enormous sum .ir .<; I.C'.O.OOO Tlioy
woro nonrly nil tliolr Hvo3 in ono or tlio
othor of tho publ'o InsdtuiH-iis tim!
novor did nn lioiio-M. days worlc.
."Another family, known as fuliainol,
fn Indlnnn prod.it• ntimhorod fi-Oii)
porBonn ovory ono of whom wns olthor
n pnnpor, n crlmlnnl or nn Inmnto of n
hoBpltnl or asylum.
Dr. W. J. Lniigflt, Bocrotnry Honrd of
IiiHpoctorH of Western 1'oniiyi.lvmiln
lVnltonilni'y, Pittsburg, lum mated**-*-
In tho Stnto of Potnmylvnnln wo havo
n cnud In which wo nro supporting 1R.
feeble-minded peoplo thnt nro directly
dn-Kt'ondnntH of ono fnmlly four gonorn-
lloiifl bnok."
Consldor tho following nrtlelo writ-
ton by ono fnmlliir with contlltlonfl ox-
luting In lnrgo cltlos In tho Stntos.
The Child and the Do-o—A Contrnfit
"It Is n nnd fnot, thnt too mnny
chlldron lmvo to work.  I do not mynolf
..nllflvn In  nMM   ViVni. Vtlc.V  r.  ;",,->''
ngo. Ilut If our -unflnt Hyptom ennnot
pormlt of ovory child growing up mnn-
hood or womnnhood without doing nny
lnbor, lot, im hoo whnt kind of work Is
profornblo nnd whnt kind Ih dlstnut-Jful
nr dnntroroui '
."I vf-ltod cotton mills In somo of thi**-*
Southern Stntes nnd snw frnll young
BlrlH working nil night. In lho thunder
of machinery, brenthlng tho Impalpable
rottop dunt which In n fow yonrs will
nond thom lo'n conuumptlvo'B grave,
"1 wont Into conl mlnos ln Pennsylvania nnd 1 wnn nhown children t_n
yoaru old. ton hourg a day nutrldo on a
coal ehulo picking «wlth thoir bnro
fingers plcci'fl of -f-lnte ns 1hoy rushed
past. I saw thoir hands; tho nails In
most casos aro torn off, and somo of
thom hud lot th.lr phalanx of tho In*
d-«x or thumb and w^ro hnndlctippcd
for life. The mill girls wore paiijl $3
and tho alnio plckorn (I por woolc. On
of railroad unions,^ making possible "gigantic nation-wide' strikes, is the critical stuation which it 'is understood
'    o    '    ' ' " '
is drawing to, a head here.     Within
'v      '        ■*■   ' _*    r ■
six months,"it is said, a new system
of meeting the men' and thejr demands
must be devised *'ora .monster labor
,war,may result.    '.    J   .
The new method is, planned by the
American Federation of Labor,, which,
under' the leadership of its railroad
department, plans to gather a new system of smaller federations. Each of
these federations will represent all the
unions employed on'"a single railroad
system.  ' .    ,
.Hitherto .agreements, botween rail
roads and tho employees in-different
branches of the sorylco expired at different'times.;' Recently In an eastern
system, the fact thatl the engineers
could not go out when the'conductors
wero ready to ■ striko saved the day
for tho railroad company. By tho
varying longth of tho tlmo of tho contracts of different departments of tho
service tho' railroads have been-protected ngninst strikes. Should ono
branch striko, the others, would still
.bo bound by thoir contracts." A goneral striko of thb,men on a slnglo
systom' wns, thoroforo, Impossible.
Tho, aim of tho fodorntlon now ls to
combine nil tho branchos undor ono
fodorntlon, so that It can mnko all tho
contracts ,and thoy will all oxplro
on tho snmo dnto, , This would nllow
._■____*__ ___*A__AY*f_ ___.(_ 1 _■_%]__* M. if tl _*\I _+_*_. I _-»___ H_*» Yl_
:a.—.m—^\,a.^,a .**- .. t^A.LVtiv,— .. «.,*.v*.v — .«w.i*!..w._,
I -
of "contract.
■ j,Thev, railroads, it is understood, have*
been advised of this plan! and they are
said to have decided not to treat with
the federation's prooposal. The situation has not yet become'acute,-but It
is 'said' the formation, of the federations is' now under way.     * -
Gompers Watches Controversy-,.
NEW ' YORI< Aug. 11.—Asserting
that'he was keeping i'n close .touch
with the leaders of the various railway unions who are' making demands
for'better wages,'and hours, from western railroads, President Samuel Gompers, of the American Federation'of
Labor, today la watching tho moves
mnde by both sides to the controversy.
"The men are dunlt in .their demands," said Gompors, "Wo hopo to
avert a strike, but will press our do-
nuir-ds. Tho un-American, unwiso and
e* onomlcnlly1-*foolish rnllwny officials
any they will not moot us.'
-   >Von't Close Shop
SAN FRANCISCO,Aug. 11.—H.' .1,
Siiinll, superintendent of motive power
of tho Southern Pnclflc, denied to lav
roports from Sacramento that tho company wos planning to cIoho up.' Its
shops thoro, in anticipation of troublo
from tho threatened striko of shopmen.
Small said ho know nothing* about
tho roportod dismissal of 50 mon In
Sncramonto, but said that If tho mon
word discharged lt wan in tho ordinary
course of businoss,
' i ,
The Settlement
of Disputes
Court Battle^Results In $25,000 Verdict
For Injuries to Worker
Manufacturers of arid Deal-,
v. *' :-,*•.-
. ers in all kinds of Rough,-
'  .-.:..'.■■ .*•*. * - -■:.->• ■
,   arid Dressed .Lumber *:_ _
A       •        '■        . *-.' "   .     '*.'*•,,
.    ' '.'*'*"',
Send us your orders
The Appeal to Reason, won its first
court battle in the'famous Frank-Lane
case,.when a jury in the district court
of Crawford county,' ,Kan.( _ awarded
$25*,000, damages to'the injured lad. „.'
i The case will undoubtedly be carried
to'a'higher court, butUhe evidence is.
so clear that tho Appeal is confident of
winning. -     ,,. <" 7      .'   •., ," *
Crushed by Coal Car *        .
Frank TLane was a coal miner, working, in the" mine' of the* Sheridan Coal
Company, -ten miles 'east of* Girard.
Kan." v- ■  . ,7' - ,   '    '"'.'■■.
Lane was pi*u,shed beneath a coal car
while, working in the mine and his
back was broken-- in two places. He
was ■ taken to - the city * hospital at
Pittsburg, - where he was'visited by
Fred D. Warren. *; . • ,* -. , . \.
J When Warren learned-, of the cause
of the accident arid'the; condition the
lad was in, and that Lane ^vas without
friends, he employed "Attorney J_';L.
Sheppard7'brie of^hVbest attorneys"
in Kansas, to .take, the case into court
and fight it.. Warren made an appeal
for funds to .the-Socialists7of the
country through the Appeal to Reason.
Carried, Into Court ■-'* .
Lane.lay in bed ln the hospital for
fourteen months before the case came
up ln court. He was carried Into, the
courtroom swathed In bandages, to
stand the cross-examination*; of four
attorneys representing, the coal company.        * ,.'."•"'
At the close of the.,caso tlio jury'
awarded Lane $25,000'damages. The
case was Immediately appealed to the
Supreme Court in tho hopo that there
will bo a*reversal of the decision. '
,,   Mother In-Flnland   .
Lano has a mother lu faraway. Finland, whom ho.was going to,bring to
America boforo he was Injured. When
tho doclslon was reached by tho court
sho was tho first to bo notified of tho
result by, Frod D. Wnrron.
The Lano caso has again demonstrated tho powor of tho Socialist movomont and thq wonderful powor of tho
press lii bringing tho workors together
to .iclp ono nnotlior ln cases of this
Tho Lano cnBO is ono of tho first that
tho Appoal to (Reason has plnnnod to
wago In tho Interests of tho workors
who aro unablo to socuro logal tnlont
to fight thoir.cases iu the courts.
Wo nro rcquoHted by Sir Ohm-Ion W.
Macnrn to help forward his now
iichomo for settling labor disputes by
giving publicity to it. Tlio gonornl
Idon Is 'to nnlnbllnli a ttpoclnl dopiirl-
mont with nn Advisory Board, consisting „of mon who hold the most proi.nl*
unit positions In c'onnootloit with the
grout, slnplo IndiiHhios of tho country,
both on tno sldo of cnpltnl nud labor
•—men who hnvo hod to doal with tho
crpftt*   ill«iin»ina   whir**..   Xtttve   neeorwd
from tlmo to tlmo In Hioho Industries.
Whon organized bedlon of mon nnd
miiBteiH romo to a deadlock In nogo-
tlntions ovor a dispute It Ib suggoBtod
a tribunal cnpnlilo of Riving n Jtidl-
I'lfll  flffl'ilrm       Tbn fltnnntt, wmiXiX Xm
thus taken out of tho hands or tlio
•ronibntnntB, nnd the'tribunal would
glvo tho mattor calm and dispassionate
coimldorntlon, sir Clihrlcs doos not
Buggost that the tribunal- doclslon
must be accepted by olthor party to
n depute.but considersUiattho doclo-
lon of such n body would carry great
weight. He informs us that many of
tho leaders of both employers and
wotkor« hnvp ex.pressed approval of It.
but In our opinion the scheme Is not
yot sufflt im uy known to obtain, general corunnsus of opinion a« to wheth'
«r it would bo bottor to adopt rhe
scheme or leavo th-*** mnltera txa at present  in tho Impartial hands of tho
Hoard of Trndo, Thoro Is no doubt
thnt nny schomo having, far its object tho Bottlem.nt of trndo disputes
would bo welcome, and It might pon*
nlhly holp to solve mnny Jntrlcnlo dlf*
flmiltios which now exist ln many trndos, , Sir,Charles, It will bo remembered took a prominent part In drawing
up tho famous Ut'ookhuuls Agroomont
which toi'inlnated tho twonty weoks'
cotton strike. In 1802, Ho hns hoon
i-hnlrmnn nf *lhf> Mnnohumtrir Onttoti
Spinners' Association and hns presided ovor numeroiiH conferences of ro*
prosantnllvon of employors and operatives In connection'with dispute., and
he hns formulated a scheme for tho
adjustment of wsges according to ♦h»»
stnto of the cotton trado which though
accepted by the masters has not yot
ben ngrood to by tho opomtlves,
Monnwhllo the House of Commons Is
being asked to dlncusn a hill supported
being asked to discuss a bill supported
by prominent labor men, tho object of
which t* to establish a Minister of
Pernio, H, C.,—J. It. Pnlmor, attornoy
of Lothbrldgo, was In the city lato last
wcok on professional business but had
tlmo to infiiBO a llttlo'of his on tlm si nem
on reciprocity and tho, big boom that
tho pact Is going to have In 'ils riding.
HouiBo in'surprised nt the atvon-Mh
of tho past an oxproBnod by Fornio, but.
ho forgot that this Is tho soul-Inn while
not lining train loads of wheat ind
cnttlo to market, thoy genornlly havo
ti'iilnloads of coko to dlnpose of and
tho romovnl of tho duty on thnt article
aB proponed by the pact ns woll nn tho
prospoct of hnvlng froo entry for early
fruits and vegetables from across the
border, during the early part of the
season whon no sueh product is available from this side of tho lino, mnkes
It nn nttrnctlvo proposition which is
Biiro lo rocolvo n very lnrgo voto.—Ex.
HO tit
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
'.._ Everything;
*' "Up-tonlate. 7
■**    "    *    % *■   i"   .
Call in and
see i us..once':'.
.    The Hotel of Fernie
Funiie's Leading' Coniiiiercinl
and' Tourist House
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Lizard Local General"Teamsters No.l
141.■ Meets-ovflrjr Frldny night* nt
8 p. m. Miners' .Union Hall.   W;
A Worthlngton;   ProBldont;   B. 'J.
Good, Secretary, "'
' I u *
Bartenders' Local No. 614: Moots 2ud
and 4th'Sundays nt 2.30 p.m.* Secretary J. A. Gouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
Gladstone Local No, 2314 U. M, W. A.
Meets 2nd and 4th Thursday-1 Minor*
Union hall. '  i>. Koen, Her*, .
Typographical Union No. 055', MeotB
laBt Saturday In bach month at tho
Lodgor Offlco. A, J, Buckloy, Socrotary,
Local Fernie No. 17 8. P, of 0. Moots
In Miners Union Hall every Sunday
nt 7.4(3 p.m. Evorybody wolcome. D.
• Palou, Socrotary .'roasiiror,
Amaloamated Soolety Carpenters and
Joiners;—Moot In Minora Hall evory
altornato Thursday at 8 o'clook. A.
Wardi soorolary. P. 0.307.
CANTON, Au*. H.~Three Chinese
anarchists yesterday mado an unsuccessful attempt -with a bomb to ns»as-
slnate Admiral Ll Chun, commander
of the southern a-iundron.,
Quito recently tho Bishop of Southwell. In his visitation to Worksop par-
Inh, prodletc»d Importnnt mining dove-
lopments   in   the neighborhood,     A
...!..._.     ,.   1.-,.    I....L   X.rr ..    .......   t
^, .  .  . l.„,v     ^.1. .AA^.A,. j        ,.,*»      *   ...   i     .......      .   A ,   ,.,   .-.
to bore for coal on tho Wnllingwells
ostato of Sir Archibald White, and ti
pit is to bo sunk between Lot-well
and -CarUondn-Llndrlek., The Groat
Central nail, ay Company has'.already
surveyed tho district with a vlow to
connecting tho projected pit with tho
main line at a point, between Shire-
orIu* and Worksop, The felnttlng ot
tho new pit will have an Important
bearing on Ibe futuro ot Worksop. A
pit la also to be mink on Lord Oat-
way's estate near llarworlh. whilst
tho Maltby Colliery on the Karl or
SearborotiB*V« mtnto Is alrcndy an aa-
rompllahed fact.—Tho Science and Art
of Minliiff.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
.. Joiners,—Locnl 1220.    D, J. Evans,
.Prosldont; F, II. Shaw, Secretary,
Eighteen Miners Serlouslly Injured'In
Accident (p Prussia
ROCHUM, Prussia, August 10. — A
sorlous accident to tho hoisting much-
liiey, of the Krupp-flannlbal coal mine
to-day caused rumors that many persons had boon klllod. Later reportx
show there were no deaths, but atffh-
twin miners were seriously hurt. Tho
machinist lost control of tbo hoistlwr
machinery *hUo a fourrsterey cafe, Occupied by forty-five men, waa descending and tbe ca«e dropped SOO feet to,
the bottom of the shaft. Fortunately
the companion cac* ascendln« wat
empty*, through t* delay on the pari of
the night shift to leave tho mine. oth-.
ermine n tnr moro aerlnna acd.bwt
must havo resulted.
'.   .
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■Lv O^f* E6r^gi^fBrdihers\
YrYYYYYY^YYY YYi^YyY :.''f^'' ^Yiiifi
: Y-•■ .-; 7*7'" '• miniere) d'elC'kansa's
_-. -   -    t --..-..       -. 11- *- -    .  ■**
v',-''-'. Nel prossimo autunno due important!
y'innovazioril ve'rranno apporfate In'tutte
Jjle miniere dello.stato-"del-"Kansas..',
7   -Una di; queste .innovazloni'conslste
'■ ■'.**'   i     N- ,   *! - '      -..*-,' .   • .
'* .".nell'erezione di un edificio '-nei bagnl
** " fl, "'. ,' *,      £>-       ,-.-.-'-        ,      -. •   • j
'--■'in. .tutte le" miniere, alio, sco'po..di, m-_
;7,gil.orare le 'condizioni igieniclie1 dels min-
_.   atori^o di. provedere alia cbmodltaed
: ■ -alia deceriza * del medesimi.   '"'
,, , Le case del bagril, costrult'e a spese
"•delle compagnie.-dovranno essere. ten-
ute in buone condizloni.Igleniche,,pr6*v-
-vlste di doccie dl*_squa calda e d'ic-{
. -qua fredda.    L'lspettoredelie miniere
TLeon.Besson, socialista, dice che con
•questa Innovaziorie I minatori -non av-
' ranno plu; da ylaggiafe* de,-casa alia
,   .mlnlera e viceversa sogil abitl da layS-
. \ro/e'colla polleenr come quella degll
J- spazzacnminl, non .saranno' piu esposti
'..al. pericolo "di preiidersl un raffred-
. dore mentre aspettario,- col pannl umldi
- nel estibolo dei carri o si' recano. a
"  casa    sii    quaiche velcolo.*     Ciascun
. minatore, avra un appdsito armadio dl
*   cui' protera la chlave in tasca.  -' La
-_-Tiuova, legge ,andra" in vigore colf*lo.
del,, prossimo''-' ottob're. ,  Dopo* quella
'.."'data si vedranno i minatori a'ndare la
Jt "lavoro" e "ritornarsene  a casa 'vestlti
.^decentomente come nei giorni di festa,
'; "e chi non e famigllare '.coi lavoratori
-\  della mlnlera, nori s'accorgera nemm'e-.
'.' no;di .yiaggiare sopra* un cari'b-caricq
- - di minatori.'      "; * ", • ,■*'    *<-''"; - • -
.:_'-i;"La "seconda7inh'ovazi6ne," consiste
,Tieirimpianto di ,uh .slstema telefonico
; neU'Interno. della * miniera,, per mezzo
>' dvel quale, i minatori'potranno; sempre
che lo yogliano,' mettersl in co'munlca-
'   2lone col modo esterho..'" L'impianto
7 telefonico'renderk. iric'alcolabili servigi
in '• caso" dl infortunl," di incendi'o di
>   -e'splosioni."  * II telefono' sara, lmpian-
■- ,. tato nello-miniere" corprimo del pros-
,.! *slmo novembre.*'". **'   .   .       '■'-.-
,-_ E|'ben'e che 1 minatori Italiani'siano
',   'informati 'di-'. questi.mlgllqramenti'- ar-
.'ecati *alla. lo'^o lugubre, vita del "sottosuolo.  , E se' sara'n rose fioiiranno.—
v'  .1 Lavatore.", • •"-.''J ' - - ■*    ,    •**'      '
l'jid;mu dal vaCSlnuV.ale-Hedervaryne-
'dava'nie.^ ;Prlsla ale1 "nova branna*pred-,
loha,'"a; tu'.vystupila.' Justhoya'-'-traiia: a
povedaja;': najprv-.volebnu-..opravu- a
len potom'-yojensku *opravu.--'i*-Na:to
vlada Hedervaryho; pristupit'^riechce,"' a
preto siahly opposiCn. strany k-obstru-
ftcii.- ;, Atyafici jeden -.dru hemu^nada-
vaju'ani•chlap'cl,, vykrikiijii na seba,'-a
ked' u2 je toho dost' vrhnu'sa naseba
a' pri, hurohskom re'vei-bera si zadost'-
'liCinenie past'ami."  ...Takto sa chlpfiili
v piatok miuultjho t^-dha poslanci Paz-
gay a Paia.    Vrhnuli* sa na seba^ani
dravci, a ked' ich„ od, seba roztrhnuli,
vyzvali so vzajomne na siihoj.  . Su-
bqj   bol   skutoCne !*.odb*yvariy,* atyafici
pouZili gabli, a iced' pri platom 'iiabehu
oba z'ran.kracali, prehlaslll svedkovla
boj za ukoiifieny.    "A vlast' je zachra-
n'ena!    •       ,       , .i'i    *7 '7'""
. . _ * - , -.     ,
V rakuskej poslaneckej snemoyni
doSlo k•' buriiv*/hi v-yjavom,' ked' bolo
hlasbyano o navrhoch, ktor-5 smerovaly
k'tomu, aby odpomo_ono boloiyiisi
stalemu ne'dostatku' masa% Jeden navrh
_iadal,''aby bordovoleii'-y neobmedzenj-
dovbz'masa z'Argentlny. Protl,tomu-
to' navriiu.bola.vlada. a,s hou vsetky
strany zem.edelcov'." Ylade' a" zemedel-
coni proti tomu to nay rhu statoCne po-
mahali -krest'anskl , socialisti. * Navrh
tento'bol .naaledkbm toho vel'kou' va-
CSinou aamietnut*y.1 " Socialno-denio-
kratlckl: poslanci volali na vladu'a jej
pociiopov:' "Zradcoyia! - Klamari! Pod-:
odii^cl!",, A,to plnym: pravom. Nes-
korile. bol * prijat?. navrh Srbska," aby
bporti iistupkbm hospodarslteho a ob-
chodndflo, razu bol dbvolenj neobmed-
zen^ dovoz srbsk-.lio massa. Socialrio-
demqkraticki poslanci podall v snemo-
vnl navrh, aby byyaly ministerskV pre-
aseda baron Blenerth i so svojim ka-
bineton bol bhZalovaiiy_ z porugetila iis-
tavy." Naurh tento"prijaty neb'ol... Po
ukonceni dehattj^ o' tejto ,zale2ito.ti
pan! snenibvnici odiSil na leto v. prazd-
nlny, 5erta dajue oto, bude-li,l'ud mat'
maso alebo nie. 7-;-V-1-,f.echacli,,na Morave . a vo Sliezsku zaCinasa na nova
prebudzat'-narodnostna cholera. ' Je tb
jeden z riaj.patnejslch zjayov "civiliso-
variej choroby'. Nemci,'ktorych je pomerne malo" a ktori "'sii V spbmenutjch
krajinach cudzincami; siirov.9m'sp6so-
bbm.napadaju dbmorod^ch Cechov, Mo-
ravanov-'a Slezakov,'a;'bVutalne ,s' nimi
zachodzajiif -Dochadza ku krvavj-m bo-
jom/ ktor. si ;yyzaduju mnoho obeti!
' ,'tt-' ,-"'
Up  Lines;
Beware of
Sold bn the
• **
■ Merits v of *
August' 6-11.
A remarkable accident occurred recently at Ormonde Colliery,* near Hea-
nqr, In which a deputy had ■ his foot
blown off by a' high explosive. . It appears'that the detonator ,'had'ignited
the explosive, but did not raise it up
to explosive detonating" pressure,' resulting in tbe explosive burning in the
hole* until'sufficient force, had been
gathered "to blow outf the stemming.'
***     * * ^
■ After-this had been done; the-deputy found something burning" .on the
floor. , Not'. suspecting it was anything dangerous he put his foot' upqii
it, and it "exploded, with the" result
mentioned. -. It ' was found' that the
coal was .intact, * the shot having'evidently' blown the • stemming only. '* '
*, Commenting upon this; singular occurrence., at a meeting of the Midland
Branch^of the National-Association of
Colliery Managers at Nottingham, -Wr.
H. It. Watson (president) stated that
during his experience he had never
before known or heard of a similar accident. The only feasible, explanation .appeared to be that for some
cause or /other the detonator had lost
its, strength—probably ^by damp. It
would' clearly be seen that the matter
of-"hang*fife" shots attempted to he
be fired by" electricity .was one. that
deserved * serious",consideration. He
was of the opinion;,that there shou.d
be an interval of" 20 minutes before
men" went .to;the spot.—Science and
Art of Mining.',.  -     ■',
7 LONDON.'* -Aug. 7 9.—Shirtsleeved'
statesmen made their appearance "for
the first time^;in';the house-of coin
nion's this' afternoon;'• The hea't'wa;.'
intense, 95 degrees being recorded; in
the sliade and' 131, in the sun. During
the sitting of, the. hous^ a .committee
member suddenly.threw off -his.coat
and'declared'that'he would not put" it
on again- even if objection-'was made.
His colleagues 'were 'momentarily .appalled at * the,-innovation,*- but. soon
many'.were sitting; in .tlieir "* shirt
sleeves, Inlthe'law "courts-wigs and
gowns' were generally" discarded.
•',*,, Le gouyernenierit,Canadien vient'de
■donner.-une autre hello 'p'reuve depa-
i - trlotisme "des gouveraarits...i'7ll*s'ad-
7resse*aux capltallstes amerlcains pour'
-"• 1'alder a "'affamer' les; mineurs.. Crina-:
dlenss Quand - 11; sagit do yaincre
les ouvriers,;les. frontieres ' capitalls-
, ' tes dlsparaissent comme un' _clair. |
7 .i; Les; mineurs  de  l'Ouest''Canadien
■ /. sont en grove depuis quelques mois
et. Io charbon commence a.se falre
rare. Le&, patrons ne veulont.c_der
en rien. 'Au lleud'alder do quelquo
facon les ouvriors a obtenir justice lb
. gouvernement" a la soldo des, voleurs
tJ vlo'ntd'dnnoncor auxvolours dos Etat,?.-
"Unis qu'll abollra pendant doux-mol&
•et plus longtomps si cela est n-cessairo
le tarif sur le charbon qui sera oxpd-
(li<5 des Etats-Unis du Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alborta,ot Colomblo Brit*
- annlque, "
Devant cotto off re, la response im'
mtSdlato des mlnours des Etats-Unis do-
vrnit otro une grovo-gdntSralo si un
seul wagon ost exp<5did nu Canada pour
nldor a valncro los ouvriors on grovo,
L'Unlon ties Mineurs sora-t*ollo a,?a
hautour do la situation ot saura-t-elle
■   ImmtSdlatomont annbneor aux patron's
commo aux ouvriors du Canada qu'elle
• fora son dovolr ot refusora do servlr
les Intdr-dtB des oxploltoura Canadions?
—U. de T.
_■ Veto Debate "■   , 7
- LONDON,"'(Aug.* a.—It was .'the'biggest muster today^of peers since the
rejection .pf'the* Home Rule Bill in
1893, and Lord Morley' was supported
by'the largest force of radical peers
gathered,In the memory of the oldest
members.' A throng of eager members
of the house of commons crowded tho
steps around the throne. Peeresses in
lightest summer costumes fanned themselves .vainly tb dissipate -the overpowering heat.' .
. In moving the consideration of the
amendments of the house of commons
and-the .reasons for disagreeing with
the lords, Lord Morley said "that the
Lansdowne amendment providing for
the submission tq a referendum of, any
'grave issue before it received the royal
asent raised an insuperable barrier to
the agreement between the government
and* Unionist, majority in the upper
house.     "       '     .".
-.-Lord Salisbury asked Viscount Mor-
ley.If.the'King gave 'assurances to the
government that he would create as
many peers as 'they desired, without
reference to the number-required to
pass * the veto bill, Lord, Morley* declined,-to answer "such a very rash'
juvenile question."
Viscount St. Aldwyn said he and nis
followers."had, ben'asked by. the Earl
of Halsbuyy to'give such avvote" as
practically, .would ■ compel the Sovereign to' create aiiy number of peer;s.
He declared _*- he' would never give a
vote7which * would "place the King iri
such a cruel position. He also denied
that he'had tried" to form a faction of
Unionist peers-* _o- vote for tlie bill.
Lord, Willoughby. Debroke,' the Duke
of Bedford, and the Duke of Marlborough supported the "no surrender
policy."^- • The* debate was adjourned
until to-morrow.' '    ,
In the lobbies of parliament tonight
"the, utmost .uncertainty nrevalled_as__o.
Mad'arskl atyafici nomaju nlfl a
loBltdho na starosti, a proto sa blju v
pailamonte ani ltono. , A ked' by ob
pon na torn prlstall alo oni sa blju oSte
! mlrno parlament. Pranlco tieto su
nanlodky vlady Khuona Hedorvaryho
ktor-f sa osvodCIl byt' Jodnoducli^in po*
ll(.icl«,vm lhnrom, Hodervary oklanml
Vrtra 1 narod Kral'ovl sl'uhll, .0 Ved
ho postavl ra celo vlady Jo provedlo
,yojonsk<5 opravy, a l'udu zaso sl'uhll,
te kod' budo mat' dostatofinu va.BInu,
«o mu da vJoobcend prlamo n tajmi
pravo hlasovacle.    Dostal sa k vlade,
do.lo v tieto dni k takejto sraZke; vySe
dvestq osob bolo poranehoi'riiektor6
.t'a^ko. , Slep^ nacionalism.'slepy" je. -
, Nemecki"socialni demokratl-spolu s
frariciizskyml sudiuhmi usporladall de-
mbngtracle protl .hrozlacej valke'. ' Od-
b-t/vari. boly dve shromaideriia, ktore*
holy ..dobre, navStlveneV' * NeskorMe
uCastni'cl shroriiaZdenl v ■ zatvoreii-ych
i-adoch prl speve royolucionaniych ples-
nl pochodovail pb hlektor^ch ullciach
mesta, lifrn nezakroClla pollcla,' ktora
potom" demqnStrantov rozohhala.
Italska. vlada vydala zpravu, dl'a
ktoroj'bd 21, do 20, jula boly nasledu-
juco pripady cholcry7Neapol, 68 one-
mocnenl.a 20 umrtl; ,ne'apolskd pro-
vlnclo, 157 onemocnenl a 78 urartl;
mesto Palermo,-, 130 onemocnenl a 04
unirtlj provincia Ayoilno, 7 onemocnenl
a 3 umrlta; provincia Bonovento, ,3
onemocnenla,* £ladno umrtlo; Caltanl-
seta llonemocnonl'a 4 umrtla; provincia CampobaEso B onemocnenl a 2 umrtla:' provincia Coserta 30 onemocnenl a
14 unirtl —, Obfiunuvl j.-apoJovl jo state
horSle,  • Snad'zomre.
Angllclty masovy obchod Je' vol'ml
ohrbSen? stavkou 12,000 robotnikov v
londynskch dokooh. Stavka tnto vy*
pukla nasledkom mezdnoj otazky. Ro-
bolnlcl, tvrdla, 2o zamostnavatella im
sl'ubili podv^Benlo mzdy od 31, Jula,
alo ked* prlfilol spomenuty don, zames*
tnavatella sl'ub svoj nosplnlll. V prl*
stave stojl asl dvadsat 'Iod! s masom;
toto ale nbmo.o byt' sloiom}, ponova-fi
vykladaSi su na sta'vke,   *,
V portugalnkom hlavnom moste, v
LIsBiibone, dofilo lc nlokol'ko sraXkam
l'udu s vojskom, Vojsko nn konocli
podnlklo nn l'ud utok a mnoho osob
bolo zntknuto, Od statnoho provralu
vystuplla znafine cenn potravin, zvlnftt'
ollvovdho olojii, ktor^ jo jodtioii ss naj*
hlavnojSich potrlob chiidobndho l'lidti,
Proto l'ud Ifilol k snomovoj butlovo„aby
protl drahoto protostoval, Zo jo l'ud
katollckyml Xlvlnml'k odboju povzhud*
ttovanf, to dokazovat' nbtroba.--nov'
nost L'udu,
* Coal measures iri Bolivia have been
proved upon the Peninsula of Copaca-
bana in , Lake Titlcaca,' the outcrop
running In a north-westerly .to "southeasterly "direction. , The coal seams
are found embedded. In a broad strata
of sandstone somewhat resembling the
millstone grit. The coal seams themselves are small, and although of fair
calorific values arc associated with
many Impurities. The soft nature of
the strata ln which they aro found increases the cost of working, since timbering on tho .Bolivia Plateau is almost prohibitive in exponso, and all
adits have to bo lined with stono.
Claims have been staked out on tbis
outcrop for some four milos in length,
but none are now being worked. Some
30 years ago over 700 tons wore produced at Yamputa port on Lako Titlcaca.—The Science and Art of Mining.
the result of'the division in the house
of lords tomorrow on the veto bill
Mr. Balfour* will start for".Germany
to take the waters, and .this is held as
a favorable sign that .the bill* will be
passed,; but. there-are so many peers
,whb have not declared how they will
vote that lt is impossible to form an
opinion as to the outcome, except that
the division will be extremely close.
Principles  of  Scientific
By Charts H. Vail.
In economic evolution thore ls no
retrogression, it is only ln universal
combination that a complete consummation can be attained, Trusts must
comb.no into a groat trust, the Nation.
Thero is no moro possibility of our
re-entering any of tho past eras of
production from which we hnvo evolved than thoro is of the butterfly reentering the chrysalis, The stage of
handicraft and manufacturing, and
oven the competitive stago of modorn
mechanical industry has paBscd, or is
rapidly passing, Inlo lnoccuous dosuo-
tilde. .   '
, . . Bread Famine Feared
■, LONDON, Aug. 9.—Tonight the combined millers association of London
telegraphed the home secretary asking
for military protection against/ the
strikes. A'bread famine within tho
next few/days is certain If present
conditions provnll.
■ Tho board of> trade and other con-l
ference- up to a Into hour last
night,' had ,failed to arrango terms
with the striking dock workers, and
tho troublo Is likely,to extend to-morrow, * In tbo ThamoB 150 vessels aro
tied up and overy market ls disorganized. The police, mounted and on foot,
aro being employed in largo numbers,
but havo much difficulty in keeping
ordor, Thoy mado many chares with
clubs to-night on disorderly gatherings.
Gasoline'Runs 8hort
Owlnto n sliorlago of gasollno ono
third of London's motors will not, be
able to lpuv,o tho garage to-morrow.
Tlioro wore rumors to-night that tho
railway trainmen and the county council tramway men would join tho striko
to-morrow, Homo Socrotary Churchill
says ho will take 110 further action
on tho Btrlko beyond .using thc polico
to prosoi'vo ordor.
List of Locals District 18
,,, f " , '
NO,    '    NAME 8EC. and P. 0, ADDRESS
20, Banlthoad .,., p. Wheatloy, Bankhead, Alta.    "
■ 481,   Boavor Crook P. Qaughton, Boavor Creekr via Pincher
481   Bellovuo,,,,,, J. Burko, Bollovuo, Prank, Alta.
i,i<,'*, niLiLiuion!...,,..*, u,j,Chase,Blairmore,AUa.
J.?  THiij-id '., Ju». ifcr._y.Wi.re, Uumiis, AUa.
2227  Carbondalo J. ir. Hyslop, Carbondalo, Coleman, Alta.
tm   Cardiff..... J. Poole,-Cardiff, AUa.
1878  Canmoro .,,,, N. D, Thaohuk, Canmoro, AUa, '
_-338  Coleman ,.._,',.,,■.. W, Orahara, Coleman, AUa.
rsrr Cuku.w............. »>.,otob&k,-cciitito,U.c
112« Chinook Mines ,.., Wtn, Forsylh, Diamond City, Alta.
2178 Diamond City CharJot Orban, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
-314 Pernio Thos, Uphill, Pernio, B. 0.
IIM Prank.,.. O. Nicol, Prank, Alta.
24&7. Jlosmer  W_ Dalderatone, Hoitnor.'vB. C,
1058 Hillcrest J. O. Jonw. imicrent, Min.
674 Lethbridge  h. Mooro, p. O. Box 113, Lethbrldco
11M T/ethbrldire Colli. rlr>» Thou. CJnphnm, see, Via Klpp. AUa.
< *88 Wile W. I* Evans, Lille, Prank, Alta
tm Maple Leat....... *JU. Ollday. Maple Leaf, Tlellonia, Alia.
S3S( Michel M. Bui-Tell, Michel, IX C.
14 Monarch Mine.... Horace Woodleld, Taber, Alta.
£358 Patsbar* W». Cooke, Pa*«b<_r*s, AUa.
558*9 Iloyal Vlow Thot. II, Fl-b#r, lloya) CoWertea, LeffibrMp., Altn
10*2 Taber  WIlHam Ruatell, Tabor, AUa,
JIM Taber.,..U E. IS. Tatferson, Tabor, AUa.
i    'i
Ymi nre n
Ood's Children: A Modorn Allegory
Uy James Allmnn.
"Thon, If you do rot work, and ho
does not work," nskod Mercury, pointing In tho direction of tho boggar,
'how Is it that you nro a gentleman
and he la a. loafer? How la It that you
aro fat, well-dressed and hnppy, and
lie Is lonn. ragged and miserable?
Why do you speak contemptuously of
work and then blame the man becaUBo
ho will not do that which you despise?"
'Furiously tho old aristocrat ro*
piled: "Sir, your clothing and manners
....l   r.in   Ir.   «.Ini .,*)..   "... •■    I*    „
..   *  ...v   ,*   ... . .._.»_.  . ■*"' ...
but T now nee my •"•rrr.r,
levelor, a revolullonlst,
Tha Rita of tht American Protetsr*
Ian.   Ily Austin Lewis,
_uu vi lii i-io j t>t -tin Xtiiuud to fcivK <irtu-
catlonal opportunities to tho prolotar-
an tbat ho may Institute and manage
tho machines, and thus tho education
of the proletarian has changed from
that, which was appropriate to the
prodncflon of Individual small rom-
modjtloa, to tbo education which fits
him for tht* mnnngemenf. or great Art
t-lal economic Instruments. So, out
of tho very class of the tiroletarlat Itself, aro provided tho officers who will
be competent to msnsite tho economic
trnBcemeaU In the .T-tvit -of that
clssa, br a polltlrnl revolution, nhtnlrt-
Ing possession of the iniirumenta of
\      ,	
Striko Ties up Railways
LIVERPOOL, Aug, 0.—Tho railroad
striko has assumed nlarraftiK proportions. Not only are freight trains
tied up but the liaHsonger sorvlco Is
tlirtmtenod, Tho dockers refused to
bundle goods from tho railwnys nnd
hundreds of tons of fish and fruit and
other perishable freight are rotting.
Official quotations on foodstuffs were
practically suspended on the produce
exchange today.
Eirploya In Burn-.' Abattoir at Calgary
Picked up Charged Rod
UAIAIAIIY, Aug. I'-.—A tJchnoe, an
employe In tho Hums' abattoir, was J
killed jtisterda) by an electric, shock.
Uo was playing with a rod charged
with 800 volts, which Is usod tu prod
cattle on to (ho Killing tables. ;, He
dropped thc rod and in picking It up
took hold of tho exposed end by mistake     He was killed Inttnntly.
$IOf> Reward, $100.
TM mam et tM. p_iw w« to Mmm. ut »*r»
Oul ttwra U tt in» «• drMdHl dtauf Ifctt *n*at*
Hi. hf.n UM* I,*! rnr* H, »ll fl* tlmfw, iinij in.I It
VM.tt*. liar* emirm ruirt u th* «*jf w_mitt
rum Mt tn*** ta U** mnUt*. (nur*Ut. Uurrk
fcrlar • wMltutwnU -»■__•. rMMtfw • «oaM_t»-
tMK*l tmxuu*.*.    ItiM'i ilxlttttk l\u* U Uto* »-
%m,*llr, *nutt Alrt'i'U. wl<a_ ll>» Uottl Vtt tBMWtu ,
mttnir* et im trttmi, ttWrjbr fMtrojhf tim
CdW'UtUiiV of t'm itiwtiw, «net (liltitf llu plLIauX ,
nrmnh »*/ Xninnmt <:•> iim wnnttniN-n ind «-*•*»•'•
n« «,•««_» l« i*4f»* l«t»Mt,. t*» jwi. »ii*liir» »i. «'l '
« Ol^tr. ftlili M («« (until* »rt««f» tMt tkn *ttr* \
1*1* tlmittrrtt lm*Nf« for »»•/ r*m ihnt fr fSff* u •
•vr*.   iK-«t te* lm* <4 Ih-dmmmM*.
xutmm v. t, < m m.v * ix>„ r«M«, o.
fWl tn**H nnimrt*)!*, It*.
r»»« U-ai'» V*uMy I'UU led (MAlMUdlt.
'',     .yS
t"i.   • >
• r • ■;■: ■';*-.."'',;•-7 .
-, *   -_ ,T.y ;■?,-.---.,■
The Paper that gets there
Cf-Advertising that advertises is the
sort ■ desired - hy persons seeking'
puhlicity for their Avares.,.    ' »\
1,1 *    1
,r     - , * » ft
C]f Selecting the medium is important.—the publication that reaches
the people —ihe wage-reamers—-.
should appeal: tb the discriminate
purchaser oi* space. : *'■      ,   , t  •'
yy    y •' 7  ,* ' .
CJfrlts an easy matter to .acquire
space in a. paper but its another
point to get adequate returns from
' thei outlay.    ;        ' *' •. ''
,       *^
Cf Adyertisements that .sell, goods. ,
liTe=ti_^^dFTlTat^liahge dl'teh amir;
make interesting,reading from time
tp time, giving facts and figures.
C]f Any arrangement of type .matter
and words in a paper is not advertising. ; A well written aiid neatly, •
displayed ad is a source of information that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. . Discover your busi-
ness with the use of Printers Ink.
m Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly, through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
Cf Let the now comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
Cf The District Lodger has the
largest circulation in the Pass and
should be your special medium to
toll your weekly story, .lust try—
can't toll until you try.
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger '--'7;.  v""-'-"'       '"",* .^''>■,'.»<;': 1^^v7**^7^^^!:v^7_-  ^    Y 7:*  -7   ..-7.'' ''      "Vi-^7n^#^f-^     ";■■--'.t'-tic*^^
' "V't
' '-if
7__roundv town
*     The ,new-C. *P R. hotel" at .Proctor
_**.ia'"**,to J>e opened,shortly    *'•; ... ..'*.
- -u,, Several - G. N. •• R.', officials, were
.'.thie-tclty; during the week**"*, '7'v7   •
V,     •       ,f.. '        " ■ ^-^ ^~    ■•'■  .    '   "**'   ••
".^•'{A. J. Mott motored.a select party to
...Cranbrook.early*in^.the' week. ,*■■*--- **-,
•v. *
,' Provincial Chief of- Police Mint/; of
„I ernie, was up to Cranbrock-'the, early
l-art of^the week.   * -;* ;\J ,~\ "
**_   , W. G." Barclay, of -the Crow's Nest
Trading-Co., made'^.business trip to
-Proctor this week. •;' ;, 7.'" *" - '.
The Presbyterian Sunday\School annual picnic was held oil Tuesday after-
; noon'in'tne city park.,-" '- -   '
It is reported that the Michel "Hotel
has been purchased by'the Fernie
_ortr Steele Brewing Col
Miss Lily Eschwij*;, of the Northern
'Hotel,*, left on Friday's Flyer,:lor a
short visit lo friends in Spokane.
.- Martin Mulhern, C. P. R.ftimber inspector for this district,,was in Cranbrook on business on Thursday. "
28th."   "
open's.,' on  Monday,' August
, Fine., assortment 'of  raw-,fruit  at
Trites Wood for Saturday.*".■'•""
- .C. E. Lyon's made-a* flying,business
trj'p to Maeleod on; Tuesday.    . -
.For- signs ,6f ..change1 and changes of
signs drop* in on"-'Billy Hawthorne. •
Mr and Mrs:' judson, of Taber, form-,
erly of this city,*were Sunday visitors
here.    <; - '7
Mr.and Mrs. Bruce, from Winnipeg,
last- week", and 'have' taken .up . residence in'Victoria Avenue opposite,, the
Presbyterian,Church.   ,       *._,_.
Dr. Edwards, wife.and two.daughters, of Ne wYork, were in the city for
a^day this week on their way. to Japan,
registered at the Waldorf. They went
out over the G. N.' •
Thomas Crahan.'the well-known boni
face of the Hotel Michel, has disposed
of his interest in that building to the
the Fernie Fort Steele Brewing" Co.,
also his holdings,in the Elk Valley
Brewing Co.       "        «
In a letter recently received in
town J. W. Quinney Is having the time
of ohis life in England, Ireland 'and
The Isis Theatre is putting on the
finishing touches and should be ready
for buslnes very soon. Watch'for tbe
opening announcement. '.
Mr. John Keen,, of Kaslo, was' in
town on Monday attending to matters
in connection with the forthcoming
Dominion Election.- ,Mr. Keen is returning officer for this constituency.
■ If you are thinking of travelling to
the East you are certain of a safe
journey over the G. N. R„ and its connections. Special,rates from here to
the East will be announced very likely
next week.
.ou-fast drivers-and speed artists
want to be" care, u that id?, eagle1 eye
of '.'liief Bowen do.esn't snap you—ne
is .•,-e*.p*,ngi a careful waf, ;'i on the
Eilx -Vi'-ge, and we are of theopih-
!-.« it Is,needed. ,   a
. The Fernie-City Band delighted the
* ears of many of our citizens on Wednesday evening and the hope that tbey
.would be successful at the forthcoming contest in Lethbridge was ' frequently expressed. Them's, our sentiments tew.   * •  '    •.
Streeter, of Cranbrook/ waa returned the victor in- a bout at that burg
Wednesday evening, when he put,over
a sleep producer in the second round
on Bud Ryan. Streeter looks like
the White Hope all right. But'be
careful, kid. ' ■
Secretary Edwin Perry, who has
been in Fernie consulting with the
Executive of .District 18 regarding mat-
tors incident to'his office, left on Saturday for, Indianapolis, via Seattle.
During his stay In Fernie he registered at the Waldorf Hotel. ,
In to-day's game of lacrosse at the
coast between Vancouver and the
Salmon bellies, the fate" of the Minto
,Cup will be, practically decided.' A
win for .Vancouver will give them the
Cranbrook has certainly gone in for
baseball .this season, and are this week
entertaining the professional Kalispell
nine for three games on the 16th, 17th
and 18th. ' The result for the first
two days being 8—6 and 5—2,in favor
of Kalispell. The s third game is ' in
progress while we go to press, but
we can be sure the banana belt team
will be there in the finish.
The slaves of Michel have had their
thoughts diverted from their petty industrial strife in which they feel they
are losing members, to the all absorbing and all embracing class struggle
of the'workers,of the world for their
emancipation from slavery. The cause
of this divergence was the visit r of
Comrade Miss Muskat, who was on a
speaking tour through the Crows Nest
Pass under the auspices,of the mem;
bers o'f the S. P. of C. Comrade Muskat arrived in Mighel on Tuesday Aug.
1st, addressing her first .meeting ; in
Michel on, Wednesday dfternoon in
Ci:ihn!i'fi-Hall, her talk being1 along the
lines of "The aims and objects of-the
. John Adair, of the Home Bank, left
onstbound on tho early morning flyer
to,tnko up his now duties' with the
Winnipeg Branch of tho aforomentlon-
ed Institution. There were quite a
numbor of his Fernio colleagues and
friends to glvo hlm a sond off, m>
compnnied hlm to tho station,
Tlie harem skirfl of which so much
lias boon hoard nnd written, wns much
in evidence Inst Wednesday In Fernio
strets by the Indies of the "Flower
ot the Ranch" Company. We did
not notice that thoro was anything so
"awfully" oxtrnvngant about It., With
tho over-skirt off lt might cronto a fow
moro rubor necks.     (Oh, bohnvo!)
, Dr. Wriglesworth is back again from
his vacation and reports having onjoyod hlmBolf Immensely. lie took In
somo ot the bnll games at the dlfforont places ho was at ami as ho is.a
most enthusiastic lover of the gamo
wo would suggest that ho gets up n
tonm, oolectcd from FophIo'b host and
challcngo Vnncouvor, Victoria, Tneomn
nnd Seattle. Taber players please
tako note.
Will Ilnlilnncr. ft former partner nf
fioovpo C, Krr, hns nponoil nn .office
at 519 Stanley Street, wlioro ho wl'l
prneiioo bis profoHslon nn nn architect,
Mr, llnlilnno Is n native nf GInHgnw.
Scotland, nud before coming to this
country studied his profession for ten
joiira In tlio old country. He wns
two yenrR In Vnticouvcr nnd nfter liv
Ing Bomo time In ..olson lias boon Ior
the pnst two yenrs In l-Vrulu whoro
with Mr. Kgg ho designed the plana
for the now Anglican church nnd ■an',-
ilonces for Sherwood Horohmor. n.'fl.
Moffatt nnd othors—Nelson Si-wn.'
What Hill (he H--.-iaH.-it do in the
coming conl-est? It U not jet definitely decided Jual. what Dm Socialists
will do in tho forthcoming vtectlon in
Mix* t-ori-HiiuiTifcy, tun. Irom present Indications thero is every probability
that there will bo a candldnto In the
flold nnd for the purposo of selocting
a candidate a convention will be called during the coming wook. The
members nt tho party ran*ider tho <.*•
Uttug conflict In the coa] fields of
Albertn and nrfffah Columbia afford*!
the mil cause of the unrest inheres
•excellent material for showing tbat
In the system and that %t.rtke», lockouts, etc ure merely cipresiloni of
prat**X agataft -cmi _!1Im_i, whlth tmdV
tions ate a tomlitxry of th* worldwide class struggle.
"Soc1alist~^"ovement?"7At!c6m'panied~ by
Comrade Smith, of Fernie, the speaker
travelled that night , .to ." Corbin, at
which place she. addressed a" meeting
of Poles, Slavs aiid Bohemians In the
Polish--, tongue. The .comrade tis a
fluent platform. speaker ln this language as well aB the English language, she being a Polish-Jew by birth,
but by environment and'education a
citizeness of the World and a worker
as well as a member of the largest
political party this world has ever
known. This' meeting resulted in
quite a'large number*of the'Corbin
slaves realizing somewhat their position in society and what their true
elms, and objects* of life should be.
Such results are as much as can be ex-
peeled by a two hour visit to a camp
by a speaker, and more than can be
snld of a good many after a llfo's!
tlmo work, Through the pormltjsloii
of Mr. Lockart, manager of the Michel
Opera Houso, Comrade, Miss "MuH_.it
was ouabied to sponk to a full opera
liou-n i.n Thursday evening. T .. ii'i-
dross, ViLich was In English, and thc
su* 'oct' Woman's pit co in prosont tbiy
society,' Vina well lecelved and a fow
'luostlons followed, A collection of
Jl.'.E was taken lip, A goodly sprinkling v..ir to bo bpcti of our women
Elfi'.es rmong tho audience;*whloh is in
bo hopod Is an omoi.i that our women
aro waking up and'will soon realize
that tho Socialist movement Is an
much their movomont as the moil's
and v/ill lead them to take an active
...im in 1 Vrlday evening Comni.'o
Muskat t*pokc again In the Open
Heine 'ii »*-n luullonco of Slavs, r*.
hemlaiis -ii'- Polos, This mating
wns moro t\ rl'od nnd of more Inter-
out to thoso Inking pnrt than the ono
on tho previous ovoning, a goodly
number of questions bolng asked and
nnsworod, A collection of $2,05 was
tnkon up,
At tho regular IiiihIiiohb mooting of
Local No, 1(1 on tlio following Sundny,
nt which Comrndo Mimltnt was pro-
sent, twenty-fivo comrodoH mnde application to Join the parly, nineteen
out of tho twenty-five coming from the
foreign speaking 'comrndes, which
spertks woll for tho results of tho com-
rndn'n visit to Mloliol.
Tlio" members of Mlchol Local No.
1(1 R, P. of C, doslro fo tnko thl.ii opportunity of thanking Mr, Lockart-for
,i .     ,        r- ii - ,
.....    .,■»,*_    .1,    _.,.<,'   <J,ll.lt*    I.UU. I.    IUI     4.ICI
•"Uccc.nl mcelinfn
Comrndo Muskat left Michel fnr
Fernie hy the Flyor on Tuesday, Ati«r.
-.Deer, Moose (lmale only); Qaribou
(1 only)—November 1st to-December
14th., --.7 ,,,_'' -^7 _ v., '\. ; Yr. 7 ,
-^ucks'and Swans -"(sale*.or*purchase
prohibitedjjetween7,inarch ist. and
Sept *20) .—August 23 to, December .31'.
-' Cranes, itails,'. Coots, sJSnip'e. - Plover,
etc. .(sale,, br purchase -prohibited between Mar. l-an'd;.Sept"v' 20.—September
1st to December 31st. v.. 7 7 . 7.; *
• Prairie Chicken; Partridges; etc. '(10
per day, 100 per season'; sale prohibited).—October" 1st*-to 31st. •* ' '.---**
" Hungarian.Partridge—Closed. 7' ;•-
.Mink,*'Fisher or. Marten—January 1
to March 31. -',.•' " "7;-.
Otter and Muskrats—January"31st
to April 30.'       '. '•'.„..
Beavers—Closed.  .,
-No person shall shoot or hunt between one. hour after sunset and one
hour before sunrise.*" • , - . -
'No person shall destroy game, by
means of poigon, narcotics,, sunken
punts, riightligbts, traps, snares, swivel
spring, automatic or machine shot
guns. * - ' .
No person shall export game without
a permit from the Minister of Agriculture.   *'. ,   -*
No person shall wilfully * disturb,
destroy or take the eggs of any game
or other bird protected, by the Game
Act.   'n ' '■ , ,
No "dog shall be used by any one
to hunt big game.
.No person shall hunt big game without a license.   '     \'   »• ■*'
No person shall ,buy or sell anyr
game heads unless .branded by,the
Department.   ' 'y Y
No person shall buy and "sell,- deal or
traffic in the flesh of any big game, or
game bird without a license.,
' No person l shall act as guide' or
camp helper'without a license. .'/,-
■J. All birds are protected'except:,'Wild
geese, crows, eagles, goshawksi, * pigeon
hawks, Cooper's hawks, hawk owls,
blackbirds, grackles; English sparrows,
loons, cormorants, pelicans and magpies.      ••,'"*'
,,     Licenses
Big game license (resident). $2.50 *
Big game license (resident farmers)
$1.00.    * ' "
, Bird game (residents of cities, towns
and villages),' $1.25."   .
'. General  Game " License   (non-resid-
eflt), $25; '.- _     ' ..
. .Bird game license (non-resident)—
$5.   ,
Trapper's license (non-resident) $10
Guide's license, $5.
' Camp helper's license, $2
Game dealer's license, $10.
Market Hunter's license, $5.
Fines   ,      '
Not exceeding $500 and costs may
be'- imposed *tfor < infractions of the
Game Act.' * ■-
J Y. i7" 7 BENJ.LAWTON.	
.**■*.',' Chief Game Guardian
Department of Agriculture,
** Edmonton, Alta.
V* 1*1 (tit,
Sunday shooting Is prohibited,
Hunting over enclosed lands protii
blled without having obtained tho con-
ucut of the owner or occupant thereof.
Tho killing of animal* under one
year of ago ls prohibited.
Mountain Sheep (3 mgles only);
Mountain Goat (t only)—September
1st to October Hth.
nufhlo, Elk, W*p!U.—CtM*_.
Antelo]tei (ti mitten onfrJ—Octiilwr
1st to 31st.
. The strike of coal miners bas certainly made a difference in trade this
summer. Building operations have
been held back, all other lines suffer-,
ing in proportion, ( The cause of stagnation ls principally owing to the stoppage of coal mining operations, Speaking of local conditions all*>"must recognize the want "of money caused by tho
minors not being at.Avork and receiving their ordinary wagos. Tlie present time is the time for tho public "of
Lethbridge to judge ' whothor ..union
labor ls a good or bad thing.
Organized Labor' clnims that lt ls
the most progressive factor In the
welfare of the human family. A sort
of governor of a steam englno. The
buffer botwoon contending forces. '
the' want of tho money paid out to
the miners has decreased tho volumo
of mono*? ln circulation In tho city;
■ There Is very little income hero,
outsldo the minors wagos. No doubt
the city has been ablo to borrow mon«y
to carry out'Improvements In the city
city, thereby giving omploymont to
numbors of mon, and to nil appoaranco
kcoplng up business activity, ' But
it must bo romembored that lt lo borrowed money tho works aro bolng carried on with,
Now, supposing that the miners return to work at tho old rated or*what
Is now offorod by the majority report. And nil olhor classes of work-
mon aro reduced In wages according
lo open shop decisions, And lot, tho
reductions in wagon all round oil
minors and all other workmen equal
tho present shortage
What dlfforonco will It malio to the
prosont situation? Wo all know that
at present thore Is stagnatlnn, And
the reiiHon for It Is the dcrronne In
the volume of monjy In circulation,
Now, If all mon aro employed, minors
and all others, but tbo wagon are ro*
diieod nil round so that the reduction
equals tho prosont decrease, Wbat
would tho dlfforonco bo, Thoro would
bo no difference, All tho mon would
ho working hut tho volumo of monoy
In circulation would romnin tlio samo,
ami the work peoplo would gradually
f,*-t iioutvr. Ami why would Uiey got
poorer when all would be working;?
Why, simply Ihls, the c<wt of living
Is 011 tho Increase. Taxation la on
tho Increase. Valuation of proporty
•in on uie im fifrthe, tim. ino workman a
wages la decreasing In proportion to
tho Increases,
Tho conl miner, nro sotting tho best
losson to tho public of Lothbrldgo thoy
can over gut. Wll! they loam tho
loocon and mako LcthbrWgc a proa*
peroun place to live In.
A poor place ur a ilch placo, which
do you wish it to be? You will find
if you care to study the queillon that
organl*****". labor la the best frlond the
business man has—to the small retailer Ma only prot-Ktlon. There Ii
no r^son fn conffemnrne organize .
labor.—Labor Bulletin.
HouMhs and'PensiohS'-The
'-'■ v" ">JK7'. Y- •.•'—" - -v-7.;-  v,..' .    *'     „^7 ,.-"' r~,,y.y^
/■'■ \" Germafis A dvocaie^tX:-
'».-,- _
7 When .the,'Miners'- International .Con
gress resumed its.deliberations at the
Westminster Palace "Hotel .yester_ay.
with Mr. E. Edwards',M,_\, infttie chair
the discussion of the proposals of the
Continental delegates in-favor" of a universal eight hours day was resumed.by
Herr Schmidt (Germany). "
* It appeared from the statements of
the speaker.that,the bulk of the German miners worked from eight to twelve-hours* per-'day, only^37,000 of the
entire number working less "than eight
hours. It was pointed out by an Aus
trian delegate that his fellow-workm n
had on an average a nine hour day
from, ""bank-to bank," which placed
them in about the same,position as
English minera with an eight hours-day
counting from their arrival at the coal
face. In many-cases,Indeed the Aus"-
trian mlners'.'worklng day was actually
less than the 'Englishmen's especially
in mines where .the'English miner had
a long way to go" from the'shaft to the
ooal.     *.     ,«->-,. ,.,      . -■
.!,,.,' ..I ,v - ^ 1
In the .end the resolutions were adopted unanimously. *.
V ,    •-     - •   - n '
Inadequate Pensions
.Herr Eberf (Austria) 'proposed-.*! resolution demanding that the law should
give a pension sufficient* to enable miners *. to live ,who' had" become invalided
either-from illness or accidents, and
that in case of miners who died, either
from natural'causes or as the result of
accident,, a similar* pension should be
paid to their widow' and families. With
this.resolution'.were combined resolutions - placed, on the agenda by the
French, and,"Belgian" delegations demanding a pension of,600f (£241 for
miners on...reachirigi'the age of _0 who
had worked i_*"th'e mines for, twenty-
five years.' "',-,"•,■.   _ * *
•The proposer-'df the resolutions complained ..that 'in**-__stria and Germany
miners were insured in a separate category from the^reiflainder-of the population, but'.the.^position wan worse in
.uistria...'      '-1, - *■•"   -.      * ■_-•«"
. A - Belgian "■ delegate - seconded the
.adoption of .the resolutions.   " He said.
owing" to the, law";recently, passed by
the Belgian Parliament, and * which
would'come.into operation next year)
Belgian, miners j, would*, be placed Jn'a
rather better,position'than in the past.
The'"pension, however, wai still Very
small, amountin-jtcThomore than"*_14
8s. per'annum,at'.he'age of 60 "and
atter thirty, years'- work. He contrasted this1 low Tate of pension with the
much larger pensions"paid .to civil of-
fiqlals,. clergymen/and'others of the
middle classes,, whose'retirlng allowances'1 amounted tol-'per cent, of total
revenue1 of Belgluih.-'** "The miners ln
Belgium had alwtty'ffagltate'd for a pension of £24 per nnrium.'   *    *"
M. Bartuel (Frah'ce),1 complained of
the smallnoss of tho pension payable
to "French miners.**' - Iri tho North of
Franco it was only' 10V6d. per day, nnd
in tho centre and'South,no more thah
8d. French minors calculated that
their contributions' would enable pensions of two francs por'day "to bo paid
on attaining tho- age of CO years, after
twenty-five years' work;
Herr T. Lolmpetors (Germany) deprecated tho flxinfe of the pensions at
the low ?ato suggested by tho French
and Belgian delegates. In Gormany
botween tho State and' trado organizations n miner might q\iollfy for a pension of £45 a year; nnd he urged the
F,ronch and Belgian''delegations to
ralso thoir demands lo that amount.
Mr Qalbralth (Northumberland) supported tho resolutions, which, aftor further discussion,-wore ndopied unanimously by tho 'congress.
"Evlotloni,*  .
Mr. Qllmour (Wnglnnd) then proposed tho following resolution.' "That wo
doslro to oxpross our Indignation at
the conditions under which minora llvo
nt preson'tlln many mining districts owing lo the mlRornblo dwellings In which
thoy nro obliged to llvo, nnd wo 'do-
mantV tho various governments to In*
trodiico legislation which will render
Impossible the existing condition of
things. Wo nlso domnnd the passing
of a law which will provent tho ovlo-
tion of workmen from thoir homos during Industrial disputes,"
Ho snld tho resolution was headed
"Evictions," but It dealt with two subjects—tho right of wdrkers tg havo do*
cont Iiouhos Instoad of the miserable
hovels very often provided by tho colllory 'eompnnlctfl, and, socondly the
right of miners to retain the occupation ut Uieii* ilwotiingB during tho continuance of trade disputes, „Wlth re-
gard to the first, ho pointed out tbat
mnny i*niployora of lubor In mining dia
trlcts, because' mining waa rather a
nifcugrec'iiblo and dirty occupation,
thought nnythlng tin the nature of x%
house with a roof on It waa good enough for a miner to live, In. nut thnt
condition of tilings was passing, and
miners ought to bo provided with re-
rant tiwoiiingB, co that tlwsjr could have
a chance to bring up their famlllea In
the way ukillud U'udouiimu wont ♦Jittltl
ed to expect. (Hear, hear). Ife complained that County Cotincll» and •Iral
lar public hodlftrj did not carrr ont lh»
powera they -pojuMNm fn relation to
bousing. Arid In* urge, tlio working
r?,iii^i,fl fo uecuru. better veDrcacnUttott
on local board*, and enforce the,pro
per exetcise"of tbe powers*vested in
them. With regard to, the ..second- part
of the resolution,*-nothing in* recent
years had shocked,, the/public • more"
than the action^c.* employers '"evicting
women' and' in-qocen. children during
trade*disputes!','It was essential that
miners should be provided with' suitable houses and security-against "eviction during trade disputes. He could
say with certainty that if in such cases
where women and^ children 'were
thrown-*, on the ,road side, the Miners'
Federation proclaimed a * strike for
overy miner 'in the country, nothing
would*be"more popular or be accepted
with .more unanimity. ■■ (Cheers.) Inside a" week the Government, -whether
Liberal or, Conservative'would be obliged .-Ito" intervene and render such
evictions.impossible." *. (Hear, hear.)'
M. Desjardin ' (Belgium) supported
the resolution,   y -'
Herr Kartenberg; (Germany) quoted
a clause' from, the agreements" which
miners' had to sign on taking houses
in some*parts .of .Germany.,7.This
clause forbids them to take lodgers,
but compels .them to accept as lodgers
the blacklegs brought .^in ,to break
strikes.- '*.','.''-,,
M.' Cadot (France)"and*Herr Jaro-
lim (Austria) supported the resolution,
which was adopted ^without" dissent. .
In-Favorof Peace .
•Mr. Thos;Burt, M.P. (England), proposed "That'thls conference hails with
delight the efforts which at present are
being made to secure universal peace,
and in the name'of the miners of all
countries represented, we desire to express the ' opinion. that all - disputes
amongst nations should be settled by
conciliation or arbitration.' .
■ Resolutions in favor of peace,* he said
were-.always received with enthusiasm
by the Miners' International Congress.
One and all; the members of the Congress "hated -war and militarism.
(Cheers).-* They hated them "not only
because of*the-horrors and.inhumanity associated with them, and the intolerable .burden's they threw upon the
people, but also because of the barriers they .sot up in th.'sway'of social
r_af_M^__o*__ 1_tV»__. or
ditlon ofthe great-mass.of the_peoples
bf .the.wo'rld. *-J"(Cheers.)" yThey"wanted all nations to follow ^the' example
set-,by England and the United States
(Cheers.) ' But-they had a great* task
before them.,' ,,'.*,. ;, ,.-.* "r,   ' ,  7
Herr Hue .(Germany)' seconded the
resolution.-'', He referred tb the.earnest
ness of .British miners in tho, cause of
peace, and continuing, said, some days
since a'great British1 Minister made a
speech in which lt was said that .con
aitlons might arlso when "the honor of
a nation might require it to settle dispute'by war. ' He did ..not wiBh to
criticise i*Mr. Lloyd George, or to say
that, nations ' ln rip, circumstances
should go to war,-but he would ask,
Who decided when war.should begin?
Was it the groat mass of tho people
of tho nation,who, decided that their
vital,Intoresos were at stake? No, it
was tho governing classes, and the diplomats who decided, and the people
had to pay, (Cheors.) If nnyono
tloslred a propf of tho evils of war,
thoy had but to look at the result
of the war botwoon' Franco and Gormany. No groator ovlls could flow
from nny, war than had flowed from the
annexation of AlaaceLorralno. Thnt
had boon, the lmmediato causo of the
vast armaments which had boon plied
up In Europe, whose burden was crushing tho people. (Cheers.)' Nor were
vital BrltlBh interests at stake ln South
Africa when war was. mado upon the
Boer Republics.. In tho Rolohstag,
when a Labor momber af-ltod for social
legislation, tho answer always was that
no money was available, so much hnd
to be* spent on new gull's nnd ahlp.,
and armaments. (Hear, hoar,) During tho last twenty yours the Gorman
Empire on tho top of heavy taxation,
had incurred a debt of £260,000,000,
every p6nny of which had boon jpont
on armaments, and thb Gorman pooplo
felt tho bunion of that dobt, becauoo
the ncccssnrlos of lifo ot tho vory poorest wero tnxod In consequonco, (Hear,
hoar.) Even victorious nntions gnlii-
od nothing from wnr. The German
delegates cordially reciprocated tho
kindly and brotherly wolcomo thnt hn**1.
been nccorod to (hem at tho congress
by their British comrades, and heartily
supported tho resolution movod by Mr,
Burt.     (Cheora.)
"M, Qucntlrt (Fiance) also spoko In
favor of tho resolution, nnd aald tho
minors of ISuropo should constitute
themselves tho arbitrators o( peace by
•topping the output of coat If the risk
of war became Imminent.    (Cheer****.)
Tho resolution was agreed to unni.1-
mously, and tho congress adjourned
until this morning,
In'the evening tho members paid ft
visit to the Hnmpsteai. Garden City,
where thoy wero entertained by tho
National Housing and Townplannlng
Aaaoclatlons.—Dally Telegraph (Eng.),
Juir -*.
_. . -•>.
,1 . j___ -.
■"- , The .-thrifty, housewife will'hail with enthusiasm, „
. the following moneysavers.-,'   -    ,7   ■   •■',, ■ -"7.
• -.- ,*•   ' *        (v.,.'     ;    ^.-7._ '7;        ... '
• ■■■■■ *1"      ,t ' 1
A glance down the list will convince you of the
■   1 " .-       -,      -   ',        ■ ,   -"* '•   ■-
wonderful values obtainable. " -     ■-'_■.,■
-v,     '**      *■'*..     .   a.-.       '   '  ' '•,.?'
.' . ."With the low prices goes our usual.guarantee,of
. quality, and purity.      .  * *   '    '.        ' * t
*     Cv'*     *'' "* Y  .''     '    ' ''-- ■' ' ,   ,  V
Crosse and Blackwell. Orange Marmalade     '    ,
'4 lb. cdns ..-.-   .......•...;....    SOc. *■'
-"Sunlight Soap, 6 barsfor \X.;.'.;.:.;..]".•,'.266.
*   v- x'    * 7 ,*,  *,    r y <■'"
-Finest White Beans,,5 lbs for ,..« ;   25o. v..
'   Choice Seeded Raisins, 3 lb. pkges for    25c'.' 7
- *    j     -      . .,     --, . - ,     ,  ,
.  5 lb.; Can Gold Standard-Baking Powder ..'..75c.   .
Ibime-Juice,"pint bottles '...:..7.'..7..-v."...'-' 25c.*■
Linie Juice/quart botles ....:..'.'..... ...77. ">' 45c' - •
" ' '  " -',**' 'r '.','"-.        A       1  "'*•   •  •■' ..''."■*''  •*.'
. -Malta Vita,-3 pkges i.i.:-......"'.".;.;.*.   25c. -
■ ;.."'.-■: .V-.7. '               .   ■ ■    "      :-.. «. .'.s•'„-;-. . ■
- 5 lb. Can.Table Syrup -. :.i.;...-. :-;.\: * 25c'.'?':,
•   Pine Sound Onions, 6 lbs. for,.......'... .*; .7   25c. 7.
. X     "■"■•-«'"",'        ' - -    •-, , ,*."- >   ; ,';'•-■     ,.-.-
Sugar. Corn,* 2 lb.,can for  ' I..'.-.'..Y- 10c., !
'" Sweet Wrinkle Peas,,2 lb: can .*.* ;....   12i/2c. '„
/ * •'" • f *-** 1. ■ v . ,".-.*       ,. .*
Red or Black Currant's, 2 lb7 can ..' :' '10c.
' Canadian^ Packed Sardines,- per' cari .*.-.'._..."" 5c.
" King Oscar Sardines, per can ...........' 1214'c. ';
, I' ineSt B. C. Potatoes', 10 lbs for.. .'.■'. :■:..-.. .7.  .'25c:-,
-."* $*.'
■"J7* .•<
, v,
s>     '1
Second Hand
Furniture Store
Highest Prices Paid
For   Secondhand   Furniture, Stoves,'
Tools, etc., a)so Ladles' and Gentlemen's Cast-off Clothes.     * "
' , - ...
Two-chair Barber Outfit for Sale,
G. RADLAND, Prop. .     '*, ,
Bar supplied with  the best Wines,
Liquors arid Gipftira,
Here it is, Waiting for 11
FOR SAL13--WI11 soil for flOO (cost
considerably moro) Orgnn, In tho heat
of, order; 18 stops, maker, Cornish
Organ Co.; terms can ho arranged;
will tako |2C cnBh, nnd 110 por month,
Apply Box G2, Coloman, 61
FUI.NITU111-   FOR   8ALM-Apply,
Mrs. L, P, Eckfltoln. t.f,-61
FOU BALE—ElBwIck Dlcyelo, ono
of leading Drltlsh makes. Three*
speed; goar-caso with'oil hath; hrnlcos
front and bnck; luggago carrlor and
Lucas lamp comploto; perfect order;
neatly now, Price $80, Further particulars nt Lodgor Offlco. ill np
'tmlfi-*!    ««    f •_•<    -"ivl*** f(f It /»*
H(,..->|.       *- * *V ■     w.   •■ »■ v 1
one Tictvl.1 _ .nrrtn, fotmorly nf flnr-iH-
ton, Ont., Ib now living, or If dead tho
dato and placo of hia donth, Important. Kindly communicate with Lee
& Farmer, Canada Lifo Building, Ham*
XXinr,   rtnl M-Sf
The House of Commons, by ft vote of
2f>6 to 16ft decided th,U hereafter M.
P.'a ahall be paid 92,000 a year, thoa
followlns the -example or the Canadian
leeffllattire-T both Prorfncfa! and Domla-
lengths, |2.60 per toam loaa.at Ken
riedy and Mangana; or call 'phono .3.
Scaled Tenders will be received up
to and Including Saturday the 18th
August for putting new root of metal
•hlnglea on District Ledger Office,
- Buec-Mtsful tender to guarantee satis-
fartwy ireib.
PrtrtfHTf-*fr--T at Ottieo or Dfsfrfc;* !>*
Ferme Dairy
■"'   delivered    to" all
v        *■    ' i » i
*•'   parts of the town' *
Sanders & Verhaest Brothers',
I   • Proprietors
Bra",  A-,
Two good Teams,
suitable for either
delivery business
or goneral work.
Wardner, R, O.
Joe Falvo
General Repair or
New Work
Carosella's Store
Dr. do Van's Female PIIU
.. ..._. ....„...jpi. pr.«eTam'e ete tali
tie hat. or tf tte fettle. MaU«dtaur*£l/i„
tm te*MII t*re$ C©« $*., C*u__rla«*, Oau
Fer tat* at Bleaidall. Druo Store,
i _i
* _
V. .
Say you saw it in the "Ledger"


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