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The District Ledger Feb 18, 1911

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Industrial Unity is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18.5U. M. W. of A.
Political Unity is Victory
Vol! vi,: No. ifr A/\
$1.00 A YEAR.
A frightful double murder was committed at Taber this week, the victims
being Itouise Marquise, a denizen of,the
restricted district, and Jack Erskine, a
teamster This woman formerly lived
ini Fernie and her Japanese husband,
Hago Ushylma," is suspected of .the
crime. Diligent search has failed tb
locate him. .    ■
A photo on a piljow top of yourself,
friend or sweetheart; something new
and realistic as well as artistic.
Good' live Agents wanted;     either
, sex.    For full information and sample
outfit Free,   address:, *  ^ ,
,     .-■        ( IDEAL NOVELTY CO.
. Box 65, Fernie, B.C.
Feb. li;—Wilfrid Vines, 2 years and
2 months, infant son of Mr. and Mrs.
George Vines, of Victoria Avenue nortli
Funeral service at the Baptist Church
on Monday-, by, the Rev, D. M. Thomson.* 7 '
Feb. .10.—At Corbin, Annie, infant
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. M. Denisky.
Interment took place at eFrnie the
13th." \       *•*',;.;
Feb 13—-Near Cokato, * Clarence ,L.
Greenwood, of typhoid fever.. The
funeral services of the Catholic Church
were, performed by Father Michels
Feb 17.—At Michel, the beloved child
of Mir and Mrs. George Wild, aged 18
months, of anaemia. Funeral will take
place at Michel on Sunday. .
Una Fotografia di te di tue amice o
* pure della. tua Innamorata sopra"  la'
covertina del quanciale, una oosanu-
•ova realista" come e artistica.
Sono-.richles'ti ngenti Maschi o Feminine. Per" informazion. e campioni
gratis rivolgetevi* dal     -   •
P. 0." Box 55, Fernie, B'!c.
Amount previously    acknowledged  :  ..........
Hosmer Local U. M. W/ofA.,7
■' 10O0
^ Coleman Local U. -M..W. of A;
Canmore Local. U. M..W. of A
Lethbridge .Loqal U M W.of.A
(574) second.donation ..'*..*.'.
Ladies' Auxiliary, to, the Brotherhood  of'. Rallroa"d  Trainmen .Cranbrook, per*.,-.Miss
.,', EdlttrHalK.*;.,....,iVi'. .*;-..'
Bankhead L6car.U..M,.W..of.A.
Western Federation of Miners
Convention ItylsoOfSB. C,
per Mr, J D Harrington ...
no. 00
Total  receipts
Disbursements .
. 1047.50
" On Thursday night, the I. C. S. students Fraternity, together with members of the Fernie Ski Club indulged
in* the greatest snowshoe tramp, of
the season. The evenings stroll was
prefaced to the edification, and enjoyment of the. small boys (big ones
and girls likewise)- who were', allowed
to add,to"the din aiid excitement by
discharging "over 80'.'pages of ear disturbers in." the shape .of firecrackers.
At 8.15 over. 100** participants full .of
vim and .with every evidence of buoyant glee, carrying 50"* large Roman
candles*, and* 25 .election ■ campaign
torches,'started down Victoria Avenue
to the martial strains, of "The Cock
0' the North" by* Piper Thos. * Hardie,
> Balance  ....' $2578.18
Sec. Relief Fund
DEATH OF A POPULAR   . ..;-,--   .,
P, D. Schanz, rcproBontatlvo of Swift
^Canadian Company In the Crow's Nost
, Pass territory slnco Novombor last
who,was admitted to tho Fornio-Hospital a littlo over a wook ago suffering
from pneumonia, pasBpd away on Friday last'. ''„'",..
During tho short porlod bf tlmo ho
has boon around thoso parts ho had
mado for hlmsolf a host of frlondB
by his choory good followshlp and
kindly ways.
The. doconscd was 24 years ot ago,
a native of Berlin, Ontario; Ills parents llvo at Dldsbury, Alta., to which
point tho body was taken for Interment
by his brother on Monday.
"gold" me"dallist~"of~Kefk"eritiriock. From
tlje,brow of the bill, on'the opposite
side of the Elk. River Bridge a -number
of sky-rockets'were discharged to light
the stragglers on their way At Hart's
logging camp, Fairy Creek; where after
a. flash light, photo had been secured
by J F, "Spalding, 123l hungry-mortals
"set-down to a supper ..pf pork, and
beans wltfy.'maiiy. other .delectable edl-
bjes prepared by Mr aiid Mrs Geridioh
bl the camp .* ,.Supper over, .the floor
was cleared-when William Allan (violin) and Thos Mazzanobile (guitar)'
dlBcoursed'swee't music for the sprightly walso and the captivating two-
Btep wh^ch found', many - light-footed
devotees.," ,.''. v       ' V   ,
;E J. Eilckor delivered a humorous
recitation'which caused displacement
of several shingles from tho roof.
Georgo C, Egg favored the, audience
by a Drummond selection, After "Auld
L'png Syne" had, been vociferated it
was home again, whjch was reached at
12 o'clock, and overybody jubllant_ at
thooutlrig. '■' :
and suffered all the pangs of eviction,
police brutality, hunger and sickness,
has beeu a godsend to' the grafting
politicians. Sheriff J. E. Shields, of
Westmoreland* county, has been waxing* fat to such an extent1* that, the
other politicians became somewhat envious and wanted . to know why he
didn't lump some of his ill-gotten,gains
into the county treasury, the, same
being coin furnished by the coal companies to, purchase (or rather to
lure) deputies to drive the men back
Into the mines. But nothing like that
for Mr. Shields, the frugal and hard-,
working sheriff, saying it was all velvet for him. Thereupon Controller
John D.. Hitchman called representatives of a number of coalccmpanles
into court and they testified that they
had • paid to' the business-like sheriff
something like $170,000 for the purchase of deputy sheriffs, and, there
were still'several companies to hear
from. ' It is estimated .that while the
poor miners were starving and .freezing the economical Sheriff Shields
saved "at least $20,000 out of the general plunder. While Hitchman claims
that" the graft belongs, to the county
Sheriff Shields says he was doing the
strike-breaking work under private
contract and the money "belongs to him
Just how much the judges get for, hearing*, the'.injunctions and other barnacles who were supported by the mine
operators will probably never .be
known.   It is enough to know that the
rasa-la have  fallen - out" over_ their^
"piuffd"eT7~b1it~"wHethei** ihey "wi.r'"b"e
chased out* of office Is' uncertain—in
Pennsylvania, where the rule-obtains
that,the bigger the'thief, the finer
the gentleman." ' -■■.•.•■
When President W. B. Powell look tlie chair
' iu the Labor Hall at Lethbridge, on Wednesday at 10 o'clock for the purpose of opening
the proceedings of the Eighth Annual'Convention of District 18, U. M. W. of A., there
were 30.of the expected 40 delegates already
in attendance, tlie others, no doubt, will arrive *
later      ■,.-*''
Those present,.; in. addition to tlie President,,
are Yicc-President Clem ■ Stubbs, Sec.-Treas.
A. J. Carter, Int_ Board Member Charles Garner,, Sub-District Board-Members John E. Smith
. of Coal Creek (No. l),=John O. Jones, Hillcrest,
No. 2). D. McNabb, Lethbridge (No.'3); and
W. Lee (No. 4).   * ,   ,   ,
.The delegates,are*as follows:
■   "HosmerrW.*Balderston-    Michel, Maurice
* Burrell and N McLean; Coleman, Harry Smith;
Carbondale, "Win. Clarke; Blairmore,■ Thomas
Hughes; .Lille, 11. McDonald:   Frank, Robert
Evans; Hillcrest, Ed. Clough; Bellevue, J. IT. ^
.Oliphant; Maple Leaf, A. Anderson; Passburg,
, Jas Davis;'Royal View, Jesse Stackwood *,'L*eth- *
bridge, Chas. Peacock; ,Taber,   Jas,'Wilson;
' Canmore,Thos."Cole; Bankhead, Frank \Vhcat-
• ley ;■ Cardiff, L. Hueheris; Diamond City, W. °
Black: Burmis,, Harold Smith'; Fernie, Thos..
Uphill and. -W. Simpson.   -
'AV. S. Pearson, of Fernie, acting as official
By.;,Qonsre8aman Jaipes A. Tawney,
..Chairman of.the Appropriation Com-
.. mittee"of the House, TL S. A.
j   'stenographer..
-Wo rogrot to announce tho death
of Mrs Mary Truswell, from Atter.
cllfo, Sheffield, Eng., which took place
on Saturday, February,.Ilth ln Fernio
Hospital from typhoid fever. Tho
funeral wns hold from tho Mothodlst
Church on Wodnosday. *-•
Emigration lo tho conviction that
tho country fit to dio for Is not fit
to llvo In,
Tho following on tho odltorlnr pngo
of tho Cleveland Citizen Is worthy of
tho serious'consideration of members
of organized labor, who, on oloctlon
day, cast their ballots for tho candidates of tho two old i_nrlIos:
"It's nn 111 wind that blows no good,
Tho big miners' strike nt Groonshurg,
Pn., wlioro upwards of 20,000 workers
have boon on striko for nearly a year
Groat'armaments are 'a continual
menace to peace. Instead of. preventing, war they only hasten the event. ,
First, they are a continual temptation to go to -war; second .they'are
wholly unnecessary. ^ The world's annual commerce Is twenty-eight billion
dollars. All civilized nations are
thoroforo Interested In preventing any
two ' nations from disturbing - tho
world's peace. (.
A Btrong and snne public opinion,
tho real oxocutlvo power of all governments, Is AGAINST WAR. • Armaments cannot bo rolled upon to maintain International peace because their
When stated In dollars and cents we
find that during the past ton years, Including tho curront fiscal yoar, this nation has oxpendod In propnratlon for
war tho Btaggorlng total of $2,102,036,-
Tho bonded dobt at tho closo of tho
Civil Wnr was $2,07.1,815,050. Our expenditure for wnr propnrntlona during
tho past ton yonrs was ONLY $482,-
Dlsputos Botwoon tho Grows Nest Pass Goal
Company and District 18, U, M, W, of A., in
so far as it offocts Gladstone Local 2314
(Fernio) and Michel Looal 2334,.
In tho mnttor of tho IndiiHtrlnl Disputes Tn-
vcHtiRntion Act; 1007, nnd amending Acts, ,
nnd in tlio mnttor,of ccrtnin disputes
The employees of tho Crow's Nest,Pass
Coal Compnny, Limited, ns represented by
District No. 18, United Mino Workers   of
Amoricn; whoso hendqunrtors are nt Fornie,
British Columhin.
Tho snid Crop's Nest Pnss Conl Company,'
Limited, a body corpornto,-havin« its head-
off ico at Fornie, afore/mid.
Tho Hoard of Conciliation in the above hag
to report tho following findings :—
Complaint 1,
Tho Board find nn follows: <
That thc relations between the Crow's Kent
Pnss Conl Company, Limited, nnd the Morris,
ficy, Fernie nnd Michel _ nttwny Company nre
so close that it is impossible to find its distinction between tho two j thnt tho employees of the
Crows Nest Pnss Conl Compnny, Limited, in
regard to special trains, have nlvrny* considered they were doing business with the Crow's
Nc.«.t Vtimt Conl ,i,Compnny, Limited, should,
during tho lifo of the agreement, namely, np
to Mnrch 31st, 1911, continue to supply trains
nt tho old rnte,  "
Complaint 2,
In regnrd to tho enscs of wages formerly
pnid to employees over nnd nbovo tho schedule
prieo, wo find thnt in the ense of David Atberton, ho wns dismissed for cnuso by tho compnny
nnd later slgnod on ns n new mnn; therefore, he
is not entitled to wngos nbovo thc schedule
In tho enso of Parsons nnd Gnskill, wc find,,
theso men woro employed to work in nix abnormal placo, and had beon promised Iheir
pay would bo mndo up to the oxtent of '^3*50
por dny, nnd went to work on this understanding. Their wnges for Mny wero paid at tho
rato of ij.3.25 per dny. They afterwards made
clnim for -sufficient ito mako their wage-*! up lo
$3,50 por dny, This was allowed and paid by
the Compnny, the Compnny clniming it was
through n misunderstanding that the extra
nllownnco wns mnde. Wo find thnt theso men
had been working with the understanding Ihnt
they were to receive $3.50 per day, And Ihat,
therefore, tho Company shnll pny them nt thr*
rate of $3.50 por day for thr-ir work during
tlio month of June. This decision is not to
be used n* a precedent. •
I. S. O. VAN WAItT. Chairman
W. S. LAMB, representing the
Crow „ Nc*l Taw. Coal Co., Lid.
C. STUTVRS, reprm-nling Unii-
cd Mine Worken of A«ktm?
Xftcirth."chairman-had'explained the purpose
of the-meeting and the-secretary-had read the.'
• call of the convntion, the Credential Committee
was-appointed, consisting of Charles Garner,
Wm. Balderstoiie and John H. Oliphant.    This
committee thereupon retired for the purpose of
-.* preparingi.their :report pending which further -;
business of the Convention as a whole was'sus-
pended. •  y   . . 7 ' '■
Upon the return of the Credential Committee
; the call to order was sounded., fDuring tho7
reading of the report a lengthy discussion arose
regarding the standing of Fernie Local 2314;
■■' andJthe right of the delegates Uphill, Evans,
-Smith (Coal Creek) to be. present, in addition
to these three who participated iin the debate,
Stubbs; Garner and Wilson voiced their sen-
timonts on the subject, which when being clearly understood, objections to their presence
were waived.
A motion to suspend tho rules of order to
consider nnd discuss tho Crcdentinl Committee's report in connection with tho seating"
of Mclntyre, of Coleman; who, was in attendance for the purpose of representing the interests of thc engineers of thc district. This
gontlomnn, although ho had been sent to the
Convention by tho Local ho represented, had
no credentials, and after considerable debute it
was agreed that he should' bo accorded a seat
nnd voico, but no voto,
1). Molkle, fraternal delegate from the Leth-
bridgti Trades and Labor Council was allowed.
n liko courtesy.
At lho close of the morning session a long
nnd serious debate arose among the various
dolognlen regarding the status of the District
Officers In regard to voting in connection with
tho business of tho Convention. The Crcdentinl Committee reported favorably.' Kviuih and
Whcallny moved that thoy bo allowed scat and
voico but no voto. Upon tlio mattor being
taken up at the nftornoon session a roll cnll
wns requested, tho result being a, majority of
8 in favor of allowing tho officers in question
to voto.
Tho next ordor of-business was tho rending
of tho reports of tho President, Vico-Prcsldent
and Secretary-Treasurer.
Tho various committees arranged to meet im-
__ii;ui«U'])   tiiLi:l   .ItljilLliIIIIUI  ktli   iiw   '/utj/you
xit tixiicililSii-yt iiMitierh itici*J*:ui,*iiJ i»V* Convention. -Curler and Lee* were nppointcd to net
as Distribution Committee. All resolutions to
bo handed to them, they in turn to pails them
    i,    n „, .s .-«-.-•. j * j 1
V.Jt«,    UO    t,t._.»   ••••f'j' ' ■*•')' * kw**'-*-    ** *\*lt»»*»*»n» ii'•*.*_»•*•
It was duly passed that all dclcgales should
wear tho Convention HndgM on the outer ln pel
of tho cont during thc time the Coiivi-ntioji is
deliberating in tho city.
. om-rnlion nd.fonnir-d nt 4M to rovimr tit*.
liberations nt 9 a.m. Thursday.
Wednesday evening tlie delegates were the
guests of (j; J. Eekstrom  at the Majestio
Theatre:   " ■       '.
Thursday's session   practically   the   entire
morning,was taken up with the discussion of
the sanitation, or rather lack of it,' in most of
the camps in District 18.     J. O. Jones, Hillcrest, moved that the president appoint    a
special committee to make a recommendation
to the Convention.    During'his speech on the
.subject it was interlarded with humorous reference to the town prospectus, widely distributed, i'n language poetic and effusive enough
to make a man .wish to trade his lot in.the
celestial regions for one "nestling neath the
hill in the sun-kissed valley, where the* gentle
zephyrs fan tlie' Cheek."   His-.allusion* to the
"crystallized stream" was particularly forceful, with the stables on, its banks, the water
from the mine flowing into it and'which, mingling with the .garbage from the town, does not,
• make tlie liquid suitable for drinking purposes,
and yet'it is the .only Source- of. supply.
* Tn addition to0the visitors already mentioned
W. Symonds, Lethbridge's vice-president from
Alberta of the Trades and Labor .'Congress was
present "and will address tthe body to-morrow
(Saturday) 'afternoon.      Fraternal Delegate, '
James Roberts, of Moyie, representing District ■■
No. 6, AV. F. of M., delivered a splendid address   '
die dwelt unon the fight tlja_t3_oi_h__t_h_e___\y,_FL___
of M. and,thc U. M. AV. of A. were making in.
the courts regarding payment of compensation
to dependents residing in' foreign countries,
and this fact should be pleasing to the fellow- :
jvorkers from other lands as it proved that
. comradeship and not race hatred was-the motton:
of'the miners. *- •/'''".' .    ..   . .^ .
•""""Tlie nino hour "day agitation for surface men. -
aiid' the "$3.00 minimum wage, the new B. C.
'Coal Mines Regulation 'Act, the sariitaryAct,
"-Thcs; Colorado fight and the actioirof the state,
that they had committed   ■- outrages as the
courts awarded the \AT. F. of M. $55,000 damages of which over. $35,000 has already, beon .
paid. The speech was indeed well received-and
frequently applauded.
'■' Spring Hill'Strike,
The following resolution of sympnthy was
passed unanimously: "Whereas Tho mine
workers of Spring Hill, Nova' Scotia, have been
on striko since August, 1909, fighting for the
right to belong to tho organization of their
choice, tho IT. M. AV. of A. and for full recognition of same which is granted to thc majority
of*miners in Canada and the United States;
and •"      ,
AVhcroas, tho said minors or Spring ITill
nwnkencd to realize that a provincia^ union
was unable to protect their interests and to
achieve any success to ameliorate tlieir condition as wage workers in that country, so as to
secure to thomselverfn full nnd complete share
of the results of their labor, which thc Dominion Conl Compnny of Nova Scotia deny thom •,
, and
AVhcroas, tho so-called lnbor loaders of .the
Provincial Workmen's Association are assisting tho Dominion Coal Co. to try and defeat
tho mino workors and try nnd prevent them
from securing justice, therefore bo it resolved
That we, delegntes of tho eight nnnual Con-
vention of United Mine AVorkers of Dislrie.t
18, AVcstern Canada, congratulate, our brothers
in Spring Hill, Novn Scntin, nn their noble
fight for their rights nnd the rights of nil wngo
enrnors throughout tho civilized world, and
hero to-day we go on record that avo pledge
our moral arid financial support, \n nccessnry
to our brothers in Spring Hill until they secure honornblo nnd ndvnntnprpoiim adjustment
of thoir griovances, nnd bo it further
Kotolv.**.* thnt ■**.*.c most strongly condemn
tho action of the so-called labor lendoro of the
P. AV. A. in their nr tions by continuing to wor'*:
nnd Iry Mid dlspourtigo our brother** that are
tnking pnrt in thc modern labor movement,
which is rapidly upijlwig t/ic wage-worning
masses throughout tho civilized world, by assisting the coal compnny to try nnd lead the
mine' workers to defent nnd, bn it further
Resolved thnt we send a copy of this resolution to the officers of PMriet 21 and 'John Moffatt of the Provincial Workmen'« Association."
On Thursday afternoon several boys
instead of going to their    respective
homes after school had been dismiss-^.
ed entered a building where an air *
hoist  is  installed  for  pinching  cars"
during the cold weather when an engine is not available..   The hoist In
question was not in operation, and it
Is surmised that the youngsters must
have turned on the air and set the machinery in motion, when in some manner "not clearly known, a young lad
named Frank Baugh; aged 12 years, became entangled in the wheels and before lie was extricated suffered such *
laceration of the imprisoned leg that ,
it was found necessary to amputate
just.below the1 hip. ;   ■
The company sent the injured young-i
ster down to the hospital in special
train. He is now resting as easilyas
can, be. expected and with-youth, and
vigor on his side there is every reason-
to believe he will recover from the
It is reported that L T. Smith is
practising a new stunt,* which, however, will not be pulled off in. the'
Grand Theatre, Wednesday. Quite a
number of* his friends met him driving a laundry rig from West. Fernio
and thought perhaps he was figuring
upon running a race, but on enquiry
we learn that the gentleman noticed ■
the horse going along by its lonesome
and decided to avail himself of • the
opportunity of a cheap ride delivering
the property lo the..Fernie -Steam
•Laundr-y-i-r-No- drivei-was-seenr
body seen "Kelly?"
Next Thursday. Is thei 23rd day of
the, month and in the evening thereof"
Esther Lodge of Rebelcahs will bo *?lad
to,see everybody able to attend tho
Box Social in the K.P Hall,      , ,   *
Jesse Palmer Johnson    and    Sadie
Mlkalson, both  of Chin,  Alta,  wero ,
joined ln wedlock nt tho Methodist*'
Parsonage at.  2  o'clock  on  Monday.
Rev. J. P. Dlmmlck- tied the' nuptial
knot,'   Thoy left on Tuesday's local"
to take up their residenco   rbn    tho
ranch;    ' •
b       ;—;  '
On Thursday noxt, Fob 23rd, MIbb
Vorna Felton and the popular Allon
Plapers aro returning to Pernio for
three nights only.
Tho Grand'Theatro should bo woll
filled to .witness tho opening production of this woll known company.
For tliolr opening bill thoy will present "Merely Mnry Anno," n protty
little drnmn, This play wns written
for Nnt Ooodwln nnd Maximo Elliott,
ml was played by thom with grent «uc
cokh throiiRhoiit America
Regarding Miss Folton's portrayal of
tlio titlo pnrt In this play, tlio Saskatoon Capital HnyRi,
"MIbb Vorna Felton Is nn nrtlsto.
Sho hns boen regnrdod ns ono of llio
clovoroRt nf-trcssps on tlio Amorlcnn
stngo, hut Inst night sho proved to
the people of this elly flint ulio wn«
nil tlmt tins beon Hnld or lior and
moro. Alio ndded frouh laurels lo her
uliTnily IiIkIi reputation, ami In
"Morely Mnry Anno" Rho scored ono
of llio grentoHt trlumolis over known
lo the theatre going folloi of thin
city. Alio wns n fnvorlle from llio
rlHO of tlio ciirtnln, nml tlm npplniiHO
glvon lier 'signified lho nppreelntloit
liy the nudlonco of lier efforts. Tlin
show wiih ono of tlio befit hooii horo
In ninny inoonr.."
During thoir tl-rw -nlnlith «t!iy horo
tho compnny will pio pronont "Mngtlfi,'
Horninn fiiidormnnn's gront mircoHS.
This plnv will probably lio prosent-
od on Frldny night
Tho 1-ndlfiH' Aid of tlin MothodlHt
Church nro giving n snrlaJ ovoning n
Dw Sundny Reliool room of tlio church
nn Tiir*Ndny ovoning xwxt nt 7.30, to
tnko tlm plnro of tlio regular monthly
nflr»i*n»>i'*ni   inn rXimon   nml   rofranli.
monls    Cnr-llnl Invitation oxlr-ndcd to
J. n. n«v»f. -»ngln«*r of tbo C. X. P.
Conl Compnny, left   on    Wcilnesdsj'
w-Mithoitn-l on n two weeks' vncntlor.
Ir,      IX   r.      r -..• >
FMtir-my W lh» Minors' ThMtr*. j T!;f* i»*lviiHoit Army »r» gUIng a
had « eapuclly houne to wtmeM WeW1 v*at*** Cotunl and Buppor on Saturday,
t.*T« MntrlriM. fl«v*r lmpm-w»- j *Vb ,l,,h-ln ,h* C««*"J-*.'. at « pa. Ad-
Aiotill j mI'».*ilon 3Sc.
'itit* hnll «t Old WsMo *whlrh wsg
Ttr. end Mm. 11*fold Andwwn will • Ittl. I to Utt« pl»c« on tho 2t«t of
hf>M ft T*-«**iillo\i In Hrnrrs' Hnll on J Mil-* monlh ban bom •-.M-p-vi.-*.! until
iTnesdjiy evinlng in honor of the Ut-!tl;r ZUh.     k rw_l enjoy*?..** tire* U
. !<*■>_ slater. Jlls* MtCo*h, re-rently nr*
i.h*. from lhe roaat
ats .***<_ m n goodly crowd hs* ->lgnlfl*
•hi ir.tentlou to be In ttten.lan<e.
Tho famouft Winning Silver Itand
of tho Rnlvatlon Army, numbeirlng 40
skille-i mimlclnns. will vUlt Fornie for
spodt'I icrvlcrs Saturday And Sunday,
Fehninrr 2.*»h and SfiCh. At tho Me-
tho-lUt Church _ atunUy -evening xnd
i-himlay aft<-rTi<x.n Miner*' Hall Sun
day tveislng.
NOTICK In lion-by glvon thnt NO
niRrnuntR nn Klrrtrlr Light will ho
nllnwe.1 unie*.* ji.ivmenf fi r+colvod nt
thin office on or before 4 o'clock pm.
on lhe 2*th of each mnnth
Under no <-lr<-iiTn«tftnee« will thin
rule ho departed from, nnd ronnumcni
are reqiiettc-l to govern tlif>m-»*e!v«-*« to
TXite-1 nt Fernie, Fehnmry IMh,
fi \v tt.srtrt.w.
City Clerk
FOR   SAI.i:- LOT oi'i'oslt.* Ft*rn!«
..r.r.-r-i Sfl.tv.!: »!<w_ **eier*t nxler M*
'in Ar.net.     Taiw pri-**.*.   ea*y term*.
j Apply to L. l\ Kfkiteln. -•■.i-i. i.-up.    .*-^-.i--n*"-~'*N V-MtVyp'-y'**"^
pMrmTTWm ■»,.*_.■  .W»*HI(>I-
■;. ,-v
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Bowling Alleys
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
I am agent for
"The Pride of
A: "Flour of *which one1
trial is all that is needed
to prove' its worth.
Try "CllEMO" a break-
fast foo'd.that is a food
W.G. Warn
General Merchant
Hillcrest    - *  Alta,
Apply  for  Price  List
13r.oad and Cakes shipped on tho
Local for Kastorn Camps
the nvornire mnn ii
worth 12 it day (rom
the neck rf*.._>«-■?..mt
U he-worth from tho
neck ufit
Thnl deprndt entirety upon trnlnlmr.
II you uru ttiUtiua«u
thnt you plan and
direct worlc you ate
worth ten timet n>
much ri the mnn
who can work only
under onion.
Tlto l-.ti.Mll.ii. I
coin the nun who li
•nriiirellr.tr i-lont. on
nnnllimy «ndi»ylo
him, *'w§ will trnln
ynu (or promollon
rliilit whero you nre,
or w» will qualify
you to tnke up a
more congr-nlal line
ol work at n much
Walter inlary,"
livery moiilh nnv.*
-trill hu nil rail un*
dent • v n I it ti l a i-11 y
report wl*™n..i*iTH*n!
• • tho direct remit!
ol J. CM, (ralnlnu,
You need not lrnve
your prcifnt wnrlt,
or your own linmn.
Murk Itiln ronpon at
Ed.—The subjoined correspondence
is tlie result of, a communication
wliich appeared in our January 7th' is-
from the pen of Charles Garner, Int.
Board Member, and as this gentleman
was absent at the U.M.W. of A. convention -when the letter from Rock
.Springs Sootless Coal Co. was received
we held it in-'abeyance pending his return and--upon submitting the same
•for consideration he now replies, and
we reproduce both sides of the .controversy without prejudice.
son we would ask that you give this
letter a place in* your next issue:
Yours truly, »
Rock Spring Sootless Coal Co.
per B. R. BULLOCK.
COAL   CO.,   LTD,
Elc*{in, AUa., Jan. lith, 1911
The "District. Ledger,"'Fernie, B. C.
Gentlemen.-—Our attention has been
called to an article which appeared
tn your issue of the 7th inst., under
,the heading "NBtlcc to Mlnewovkers,"
and which requests all mineworkers to
stay away from Consolidated Coal Co.
and* Rock Springs Sootless Coal Co.
Speaking for ourselves we have the
following to say regarding' this article.
1st. The mlno workers here are
working under union' conditions, ' as
they are working under the contract of
two years ago, and the wages are in
accordance with the rates prevailing
In this district ,and are in some cases
higher than the union wages, and in
this connection we venture to say that
the average wages per man at this
mine are higher than the district
2nd. Your article asserts that, "The
Coal Mines. Regulation Act" is being
openly violated by these companies."
As your article does not say in what
particular we are violating the Act,
we can only ,deny this statement in a.
general way. -
3rd. As regards compensation, we
have had no accidents at this mine
which in any. way disabled a man,
until Dec. 27, 1910,and as the man
injured is still drawing wages here,*
wr? cannot understand why an assertion of this .ki'nd is made.
4th. "Mine workers are requested
to stay away from these mines until
the men are organized.' , Union organizers have made two visits to this
camp during this' session, and we do
not think that any of these gentlemen
will say that we' placed any obstacle
in their way on either of these occasions. .
In conclusion we "would say that we
have no desire to enter into any
but we do think that when statements
newspaper discussion on this matter,'
of this kind are made, which have no
' Special arrangements for
Parties,   etc
Order your ClirlMtmnH Cnkc cnrly
'fovmdation -on fact, it i"s""o"nly_~doing
justice to ourselves and to our "men
when we deny, them, and for*this rea-
, -Fernie, Feb. 13th, 1911.
Editor   "District  Ledger,"   '
Dear Sir,—With youridnd permission-allow me to reply to- *Mr.0 Bullock who has objected to my letter on
Jan. 7th on behalf of the Rock Spring
Sootless Coal Co., Ltd., located at El-
can, Alta.
lst. Let me state that the mine
workers employed by your company
are. working under non-union conditions and not under any contract-made
by our organization, the wages being
as low as $2.00 per'day for contract
men according to statement which I
had the pleasure to see.'
2nd. In reference to your company
violating the Coal Mino Regulation
Act. I made myself quite clear in
that regards and well enough" you know
it, and if the Provincial Mine'Inspector for that district had done his duty
your company would have been prosecuted for noa-compliance with the
law. "*   •■
3rd. With reference, to your company paying compensation to their
employees when injured in - the I'mine
allow me to state that the method in
existence when I was there was that
when a man was injured at one mine
he was told to go to the other and
get-a job firing. ■ In regard to.medical or surgical treatment I know of
no place in Alberta where the conditions are so outrageous as' they are
for the employees working at your
company's mine.
4th. In reference to your company
placing any obstacles in union organizer's way, permit me to ask you to
revert to the'month of November when
I first visited that camp and made myself acquainted with you \ and asked
for permission from yourself to place
notices upon your company's property
I was told No! I could not put them
up. And so if that is not putting obstacles in the way I don't know what
is.; ..'',."'•
In conclusion, your letter of Jan. 14
is a misrepresentation of the truth,
and if conditions are, not as I have
stated in both of my letters, you
know what policy to pursue to rectify it
Hoping that the mine workers will
still continue to stay away from these
mines until they are rectified, and the
men employed therein are working
under union conditions and receiving
union wages, 'j
„____ Vn'ii-a  fnr ji.aHpo
Supt. of Neglected Children Now Has
Machinery Wherewith to "Work
,-.*.      ' in Province
* Within the' next ,'six months, child
labor of every description in the province of Alberta will be abolished. *In
six months not a boy or gisr under
the age of fourteen years will be working'in any capacity in any place in-the
province,, at any time of the day or
night. In six months not a boy or .girl
under the age of sixteen years will be
working in any -capacity .after - six
o|clock at night. This means that
every boy and girl under the age of
fourteen years that has hitherto" been
working for wages, will be compelled
to stop work, unless it can be shown
that that boy or girl has some one dependent. ■■ It means further that every
boy under the age of sixteen who has
itherto been earning wages in the capacity of mlno worker, bell hop in the
hotels, pin boy ln the bowling alleys,'
and so forth, after six o'clock at night
will not be allowed to contluue work.
It means in short that there will'.-no
longer be any. such thing in this new
and rapidly growing province as child
labor of any description; and that instead, every boy and girl of school age
will be compelled to attend school for
the full school term, unless good and
sufficient reason can be shown why
they should be kept atliome."
All this is to be accomplished iii six
months. That is the prophecy of R.
B. Chadwick, superintendent of neglected children, It is the end towards
which the attorney .general's department, with the .assistance of Mr. Chadwick have been striving for some.tlme,
and by the new Truancy act,' and tho
amendments to the Children's Protection Act, the attorney general's department has placed in Mr. Chadwick's
hands the machinery with, which   he
I.B.M. Dis. IS, U.M.W. of A.
What Aro
YOU Worth
From the
The uncertainty of the law was
never better illustrated than when A.
D; .Chase,* a locomotive engineer of
Boonevllle, 111.; had tho tables turned
on him,to an extent that knocked him
and his lawyor dizzy.
Chase was injured In an engine collision and sued the Rock Island for
damages. "
Of course'the engine was also injured nnd the railroad sued Chase for
damages, , '
The railroad put tho kibosh all over
the throttle puller and got damages
against him foi\$1000.
The company proved that Chase took
their englno out of tho round house
and run It without ordors nnd was personally responsible for tho smash-up.
If they wnntod to provo more thoy
could have tlono It.
Tho railroad man wns guilty of larceny, trospnss nnd assault with Intent
to murder himself.
It hns not beon lonmod whether or
not tho railroad will lot" Chaso "work
out' tlio (InmagGB. but whothor hired or
flrod, it Is to be hoped that by this
tlmo lio has loarnod'onough to bo good,
as all victims of benevolent industrial
systems muat bo If thoy would woar a
crown of glory horoaftcr.
  t •
cotton mill family* has 6.6 members,
with 3.8 of them working in the mill.
The 3.8 members earn each year an
average of $822, or ,an average yearly
wage for each of $216.31, or $4.16 a
What part of-Europe has labor any
more pauperized than this? '
The average father of a family earns
$306 a year in the cotton mills. Thc
average mother earns $383 a year. Tho
average boy ovor sixteen*, gets $265 a
year for his work, the .average girl
over sixteen' $317. Children of fourteen
nnd fifteen earn $208 a year, nnd those
twelvo and'thirteen $160.
The littlo tods, tho babies from six
to twelvo years old, blight their bodios
minds and,souls for an annual wage of
But, the manufacturers '■ * got their
is to accomplish this much desired end.
Child labor has not secured a sufficiently strong foothold as yet in Alberta to make "it extremely ' difficult
to up-root it. That is why Mr. Chadwick believes its abolition can be ac-'
complished in six months The province has benefited by the experience
of older provinces which have not yet
succeeded in up-rooting,the evil. Alberta has seized the system at its beginning, making its clearance comparatively easy.   *- .
Yet, nothwithstanding ■ that Alberta
is a new province, there is considerable child labor. In many parts of
the province-a couple of hundred boys
are employed in the coal mines. There
are perhaps close to 1,000 children under age working for, wages in the province to-day. ' , '" s „
100 in Edmonton .
Mr. Chadwick estimated that there
are between 75 to 100'children, most-
.1 ir _Vk_rwe i in/I •**__■ i* *i ira l_Q*nTn1fkv_Q_fl__LiTi_.-__rnt_.
*__, j %j\a*j *Jf u»uuj, uj^qj—■vA*Afz'*\r j uu—**M. I *»_,-**-
ious capacities in Edmonton. He has
already' instituted* an active campaign
to set in motion the machinery of the
new law' that has just been passed.
Notices have been forwarded to all the
large manufacturing Industries of the
province, where children are employed
advising them of the new regulations.
He Is also making Investigation in the
cities, and all employers of child labor
will shortly be notified that they must
find other employees to fill,the placo
of the juveniles.—Edmonton Capital.
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths
The King Edward
Fernie's   Leading  Commercial Hotel
The Finest Hotel* in East Kootenay
J. L., GATES, Prop.
Imperial Bank of
Capital Authorised ..''..$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed.... $5,575,000
Capital" Paid Up    $5,575,000       Reserve Fund $5,575,000
D7R. WILKIE, President        . HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vice-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.  <
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
of Munro's Venerable Scotch Whiskey. There's a flavor of "The Blue
Bells of Scotland" in every glass.
. so*'that"when your friends-or yourself feel like having a highball you'll
have the real thing and not a smoke
flavored imitation. '    .    *     .,
Fernie., B.;,C.
Two yonrs ngo, whon Congress wiih
putting through tho Pnyno-Altlrlcli tn-
riff, Bouthorn cotton mill ownom pleaded for a higher tiirlff to protoct lliom
ngalnnt tho "pauper labor" of pennant
Tho nnnlyllcnl Kovonimont roport
now hIiowb tlmt tho nvorngo Boiitlmrii
MONTREAL, Fob. 13.—Tho imml;
grnllon rush to Canada for 1911 Is on.
The advanco guard from England will
arrlvo somo tlmo this wook, Scouts
hnvo already put ln an appoaranco to
look ovor tho ground. Tho Grand
Trunk, the C. P. U„ and tho Canadian Northorn have all carrlod on an
unprecedented campaign this wlntor
to secure Immigrants ln Oroat. Britain for tliolr respective territories In
Canadn, and this 'Ib already showing
Ils effect iri thc tremendous rush of
bookings for all lho boats coming to
Canada this spring,
Tho starling or tho rush of imml*
urnntB tho flrB tweok In Fobruary Ib
eloquent of the popular fooling In
Kn gin n (I for Citnnda as a lnnd of opportunities, for the immigration agents
illHcouritKO nH much ns posslblo tho
coining of new Hottlors to tills country boforo March.
VANCOUVER.—Emphatic objection
is bolng made on the coast .against the
recent provliiclnl regulations .compelling nil residonts'td bo vaccinated. Tho
question was discussed nt length by
Now Westminster, Trades nnd L'nbor
Council, n resolution censuring tho provincial government for action failing of
pasngo by only two votes. In Vnncouvor tho modlcnl health'' officer has
opened free public vnccinating stations
nnd n public mass mooting has been
cnllod fov Sntvn-day evening to protest
ngalnst the nttompt to enforce tho provincial order.   Dally Nows, Nolson.
do so" it must get .its slaves to "do, the
fighting. It1'will muster,those slaves
under any flag, the Stars aud Stripes,
the banner of the crescent or,the banner', of the cross. Capitalism has no
particular flag and no particular eoun-
__}__   It rallies-its slaves under any
everywhere send, their, best product here to help* make up our
well-chosen stock of  ■*,   _
We can furnish you with ' all
kinds of finished1 or rough lumber In the smallest quantities or
full carload lots.
'V    *
If you want to curb the expense of building, get our prices
on all materials^-
standard that happens to appeal to the
strongest of them.
Socialists, then,-are not surprised.io
know of the formation of the "Militia
of Christ." ' They will not be surprised to hear next of the '.'Sharpshooters
of Jesus," or the "Artillerymen of God,'
or the "Cossacks of the Cross," or any
other old military organization of the
slaves to help fight the economic battles of the masters.—Oakland World.
•r     .,,.,*" - ..      . . ■-      ., „ *. ,D
Prepare for Fall
,. *o   .        ' * -   *    "      -"  -
and Winter
* WJtB.V.HiMUfW.'WWWW.VJiitatU'W *
J Bm TM, Smnt-m, \~>a. ♦
4 DrMlt «if)._in, »i!.,>-\t. Itiittiri tiMi>_.,ii'>n t.Q lny .
- put, k.iw I rai ...I'l'lli. |..r r.l>i|frr nl_.v* m.| *
_. «Ji«PL.(,,clt(   !<_   LLt  j„..iti, *.   f,r|*_l« *
sAlrh   !   tit vi*   finrV*-1   X,
-»•*-»-*'*_ flr_ Wnltr
J( * ,**. fc -I 1 .til _~
i.w\\ i»fr'«ff L.*r*i,
Otna _*tHi| 0**%r*f
U***>»AJtif fH'Mtl
Mtthi'MfcSl _)r#fl»fti
f*t$tn»n MttfciHil
*..**«■(_•_■»( Ir-g-rur
l't.**fl_.t,II..* (._#.,
HfBhl-ltt.irtl flriUl .tin
mifijiit n-it frr*:'-»«
4 -•_.«•>- *<•**-*•   *-■» •*•■■
.r.r-.'-i.tt'-r •*■* U-At,9*t
f n< ami a •>*_«.mltr
■ ■..I l".'•»'■■■»»«
fl.   ft.   rr^f*f'«Et.UP Cffl.
v..-..til Engl, iir
(.**in tl
+ ,\'ijm/    	
• Stiff* i.nJ „__».—._
! City	
Electric Restorer for Men j
Phosnhonol f**"**"^ e**'t n******.? ■* «k* i-n-ir :*
•.,.,». *-..• s.-u". *.v.   r«.t_.t*r,»t •*_■■• iv .■*.■_*!W*_*_*.l!
• «ikr,e<) "Uritfl at cr.tt.    rtHitphanol v.i'1
un!..: \ i'l 'l n.-iv iiiit: I'i: .; »*f.i I- .>* **.rt-<i f-r *
IS Mll'i* 11» an*; » ' lit n Tt-*>X«ot«*ll i»i*i«r '
Ca„ HI. C*tt>Jkr Iui. •, Uu I, <
For  Sale  at  B1e._i_.ell'*   Drug   Store.;
CHAS DALE, of the Allen Player*     ThU Company *v.,ll pretent
'Merely Mary Anne" nt th..  Grand Theatre on Thuisd/iy next,
Feb, 2Jrd-
These words aro not Intondod to be
UBcd ln a sacroliglous boiibo. Not nt
nil. It Is, on tho other hnnd, tho
namo of n now religious organization.
Impossible! You sny. Rond on, gentle roader   Let ub dispel your doubts.
Tho "Mllllla of CluiBt" Ib a Uomnn
Catholic organization recently formed
In Sohonoctiuly, N, Y„ nmong union
workingmen. And what Ib the objoct
of tills organization? To do propaganda for tlio church? No. To on-
tint, Boldlora ln tho nrmy of lho Prlnco
of Ponco? You havo still nnotlior
riiobb coming.
The "Mllltln of Christ," wo nro ox-
proBRly told, In being organized to flRht
Soclnllflm, Now, you nro no longer In
Perhaps you think It Ih n wild, Bpor-
ndlu organization, aprlngliiff up without
authority, without hond or tall, Head
•at111 farther, gcntlo roader. dot clonr-
ed up all along down tho lino.
Wo nro rr'llnhly Informed by n newspaper of thnt city, tho Schonoctndy
Union, In Its Issuo of Jnnunry 0, Hint
this organization lint* not only sprung
up In Bcliennctndy, but that Ub found-
orn Intonil tn nmlco II, nntlonnl in Its
Rropo, nnd tho lint of offlcors Is pub*
..Bill.*   il.    iliLtL   <l UlilUli _J    *u__u   i_iilul.i_._l,'
"n I'-*. nph-rtlVMiif.
Tho nctiml hond of tho orgnnlzntloii
Ih Peter McArdlo, of PlttflburR. president of the Ainnli.fliiiate'1 Iron, Stool
uuil Tin Wurkorai the vlco proHldont
Ih John H Whalen, pxHccroLnry of ntnto
oi Now 'nit*;-, .■fiii w-iotJiiU <*Hv .'H-m- ■
dont Ih Poter \V. Colllrm, of Springfield,
Ohio, Rfi-roinry of tlio International
llrothorliood of K|octr|cnI Workers, nnd
tho icconlliiK ttccretniy In Tliomns J.
Duffy, of KaHt Liverpool, president of
the National Brotherhood of Oporntlvo
PttiUr.*. Ov. tin- bxiMxl ot illiT.ctov.4 arc
John Mlii-holl. Jnmes O'Connoll, 1). A.
Unyor., .T-i.111 It. Aljilen, David A. "'ffoy
Windy KJir-iifliuH, M. J. HnJHrmin, .1.
Creamer, John Moffoit. T. V O'Connor,
John ■r.t'M.n and Frnnk I>'ii'*f,v, till
union nu-n nf country-wld. ropntnilnn.
Whit*, ni) ■|I)*).*'4iik array! Au*l nil
are m«-mli.*rs of *h«. army of labor.
The "MlUvi.. .,*; i_.u*Ul7 U_.ki_.vl, a.*.*.'. It
I* roIhc tr. ficnt Socialism. No Po*
ctftlUt Ih MirprlHtPd, howovor. Cnpl
int «lll .Iff. i,.< ifjurjlf.' Ait I in order to
WASHINGTON.—Complete records
of thb accidents in the coal mines of
Colorado havo been kept by the government since*]88*l! ' Durlrig, this
quarter of-a"century tho total number
of men killed wns 1,108. Of these,
gas and dust explosions of powder nnd
windy shots killed 35 nnd Injured 90;
falls of roof and vcoal killed G-10 nnd
Injured 1,338, nnd 218 deaths nnd 837
injuries wero duo- to miscellaneous
causes, In 1A09 thero wore 95, fatal
accidents—an increase of 50 per cont
ovor 1909.
Tho non-fatal accidents in 1909 numbered 110, ns ngninst 115 lit 1908. Of
tlio fntnl nccldonts In 1909, 15 wo'ro
duo to gns and dust explosions, 04
wero duo to falls, of roof and coal,
nnd tho others woro duo to miscellaneous cnusos. According to tho roport of John D. Jones, stnto mlno Inspector of Colorndo, tho production of.
conl ln 1009 nmounted to 10,730,459
short tons, In tho mining of which
13,150 mon woro omployod. ThiB
bIiowh that 113,015 tons woro mined
for onch lifo loBt, and that lho death
rnto per 1000 was 7.22,
In 1908 thoro woro 158,950 tons
nilnod for onoh life lost, and tho death
rnto por 1000 wnn 4.2. Tho difference
botwoon tho figures of production roportod by Mr, Jonos nnd thoso roportod to tho bureau ot consun and
tho Roologlcnl Btirvoy wns Iobb than
20,000 tons, which in a total of ovor
10,000,000 tons In bo small that It nt*
tostH tho accuracy of both records,
ready to fit you up for the, winter from head to foot. If you are
looking for the future and intend to save your monoy purchase
your goods from us.7We have,just bought the stock of Mr. James
Haddad and now we are carrying a very large stock of ladies' and
gonts' furnishings. Trunks and valises, in fact,~ everything for
men, women and children.
Our $1.25 Sweater Coats have no equal. ■ Our $1.75 Pea Angle "
Undersuits have them all beaten. ■*,.,,
Our'Suits are Just the kind you need, for style,nnd durability.'.
We. carry a large assortment of Boots and Shoes, the best selection that money and brains can buy.     '
Noxt to Wiicwiim Cftiidy Storo
Noxt to Northorn Ifoto
Tho Bald Headed Nan may
Look Wise
But If He Had Been He Would Heve
Hair Now
You do not want a iclentlflo troatlie
on the hair follicle—you era not particularly Interetted In the name of
tho Uurmun nuluntlet who leolatod the
but. thut iu aald to causo 'biUilnetia,
what you do want to know le how to
nave tha hull* you have and mako tt
Btronir nnd luitrou*,
Nvel'e HIrmitono will do It hotter
titan ttiiytiiiiiff eine,
tt Xa, nnt I'lntrnMl tlmt ITtrmitr.nn Xn
v. wonduriul tcienUtta Hucrei— but it
In tlie cani-roto renult of nil that Ih
proven In tho tciontlflo treatment ot.
-tick etxA Al*****-. hulr nn>t tcnlr*.
It li a happy combination and you
will nutlcu a prompt linprovoinuiit Itt
lho fc. llnpr of thn ecnlp nnd tlio look
nf  ttn« linlr,
i 1 n h .n un ii looMim. iuul u-iiiia.*.. ...i
nealy and matted depoi.li on the incalp
—mlmtiliiti-M the hnir lull tin nml bIvbh
new life nml vltfar la tlio hair HhuU,
Nyal'a IllmutoDo kIvrh buck to the
hair nml Hf-tlp Jn*t what It linn lieon
rohliPil of by your ncirlrot nml almno.
It l» tlmo to mart rlulit. tine Mir*.
nut one,
Jt le one _>_* the Nyal remcdlon tim!
no ItlBhrir r«";iimm«ni|,-ir|o-. run h-> giv-
tit II. They are all numl. Auk your
N'yal Druggist.    Ite rccommende It,
Fernie Opera House
A, Pizzocolo. Mgr.
.■...li.  umi Uuunu.Uit-tl by
Ono for cacb -everyday oQmeol
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome  Cale Attached
Workingman Y Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay lm.
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
*s_&   lit*- %M " " „_ \_* IT -T^
Opon for nil kind*-: of IniulncHH
In Uu'ir llnu
V   * /,
Roughly apenlclnc tliere nro nbout
2,250,000 freight cars at present In
service on Amcrlcftn rtsllroailn. Each
ono of tlicao la cnrrlod by at leant
eight wIigcIb whoso fttnndard illntnolor
In H Inches, so that tho total number
of wheel!! In eontfe. in In the tielRh-
bortiof*-*-"*} of M.WWt.oOO, nnd thflr vnluc
at the lowest c»tlmal<_ (180,000,000,
Address Box 07
Hur Mipplliil wltli tho best, Wlni'i*.,
Mqunm nml Clpfnrs
> >
Prap -•*--;t_ *">__■•-" . -.
-   -if
WASIHNGTON—The struggle over
the wage, scale In the .Illinois coal
. mines, lor 1910 was unprecedented in
its duration and iu the feeling, engendered, not only between the operators
and the miners, but between.factions
of the,miners' union, or.rather, between the Ilinois districts and the-national organization, says the latest Geological Survey report....
;The coal,miners of Illinois are probably better organized-than those or
any, other bituminous coal mining state
One result of this has been the. establishment throughout the coal fining regions of the eight-hour day. But
the bi-yearly, shutdown has naturally
resulted in long periods of idleness and
loss of Income both to operators and to
employers. In 1906 practically all of
the important mines were shut down
and 49,792 men out of a total of 61.-
988 were idle for an average of fifiy-
eight days each.    ■ '
"This-was equivalent to an'average
of forty-eight days' idleness'for ert'.h
'of the 61,988'employes, and was equal
to 25 per cent of the total time made
In 1908. the suspension was not of
such long duration'nor were quite tis
many men affected, 47,456 men out of
a/total of 68,035 being idle for an
average of thirty-seven days, equivalent tp an "average Idleness of twenty-
six days for each of the 68,035 employees uand equal to 14 per cent of
the total number of days.worked by
each "man during the year.
These-figures do not mean an actual
loss of 25 and 14 percent, respectively
■ in wages during the year, for there
is a greater intensity bf labor both previous and subsequent to the suspension, and the miners, particularly those
who work, by contract, and are paid
by the ton, are able to make up a good
part of the lost time.
7, , Less Work, but More Coal
,* This, is shown by the fact ttyat notwithstanding the suspension in 1906,
,:which apparently "lost 25 per cent in
working time, the production increased 3,000,000, tons, or about 8 percent, over 1905. In ' 1908, however,
when the suspension was shorter and
when fewer men were involved, the
production decreased 3,657,456 tons.'
or 7.13 per cent., and this decrease
was in sympathy with; the business de-
____ s_i_bn_of_that year.' - . -■   ■     **.- .. „
vIt is impossible to say what "might
have been" in production, or in' the
total working time if the suspensions
had not occurred, but the unsettling
of business and loss of trade that re*-
suited from the periodic shutdowns are
unhealtliful, and it may well be asked
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
- ;A reliable French regulator j never falls. These
pllla are exceedingly nowerful to reimUtinir the
Kcueratlve portion of Ao female eystem. Refuse
nil cheap imitations.  Dr. de V»_ « aro sold "
&■__■*!?_. __.i_lKe ,or **. * tf«IIed '"> «ny add7e5S
Tho Soobell Dru-j Co., St. Catharines, Out
For Sale at  Bleasdell's  Drug Store.
if some better method of dealing with
the wage - controversy ' may not be
adopted. ..It .will take Illinois some
time to recover from the effects of the
five months' idleness in ,1910.
.There was an ample supply of labor
for the business done in. 1909, taking
the state as a whole, but as stated
by C. L.,Scroggs, secretary of the Illinois coal operators' association, there
is a constant-shortage of labor at individual mines owing to the fact that
the number and capacity of miners
in the state exceed the requirements
of the trade. This produces'a competition among the operators to secure
miners and at the same time, under
normal conditions, results ln overproduction and cut-throat competition Jn
the efforts to market the product.
VICTORIA, B. C—Keserlch v.» Wellington Colliery Company, Ltd., before
Gregory.J.. This was an action at
common law arising out of an accident
In the Extension mines' on „the 5th of
Oct., 1909, whereby 32 lives',were lost.
The plaintiff is the widow of one' of
the,men killed, and is,left,with nine
children, the eldest being 19 years
old. In the form in which the action
was" brought it was necessary to prove
negligence.. This it was endeavored
to by showing a general disregard of
the regulations governing coal mines.
The,answer of the defence was that
there'had.been no breach .of the regulations, but even if there had, 7 lt
must'be shown that such breach either
caused the, accident . or contributed
to it, arid the evidence went to show
that there had been no breach on the
day of tbe accident.. The explosion
occurred in the 2 1-2 west level, but it
was submitted for. the plaintiff that
that In turn was caused* by a blown-
oiit shot' in stall 29, No. 3 wes1". The
explosion, however, was of limited area
and low intensity, and did not extend
over the whole mine as Mould hnvo
been the case if the area had been
imprognated with gas to a" dangerous
extent." ;There .was also evidence that
the overman had advised, all the men
going in^o.the mine on lhe»norning of
the accident as to the state of affairs
in the. mine. . The witness to the accident gave, evidence, and he was not
cross-examined on the point, and the
attention of plaintiff's couselwas called to that condition of ;the5'evidence,
but,,it was not attempted" to'rectify
k- °        '*■.,*''*        .' ,
The, learned trial1 judge, on conclu-
s'on - of the evidence nnd.. argument
came to the conclusion that no negligence 6n_the__part_pf_rthe_co.mpany_had
been established ^to entitle the plaintiff .to succeed and said that, while
he fully appreciated the responsibility
of denying compensation to" the widow
and children for the loss of a husband
arid father, yet If the law did not give
it to them in the circumstances, he
had no authority to do so. , Judgment
must therefore go'in favor of the defendants.
' This does not,deprive the plaintiff
of applying under the provisions of
the Workmen's Compensation ' Act.-
Bl.rd for plaintiff; Bodwell. K.C., and
Lustori, K.C, for defendants—Nanaimo
Free Press. *
Mining Company  Wants to  Bring, in
; Thousands and Place them on-
South Sea Island
VICTORIA, , B. "C— _dvices' were
brought by the steamer Ze'alandia that
much excitement. was occasioned - in
Australia and New Zealand by a report
that arrangements had been made by
the French-Nickel Mining Company in
New Caledonia to bring 5,000 Japanese
to the'South Sea Islands. .**'■-'
Mr. Fisher, premier.of Australia, in
an interview, said the arrival of .thousands of Japanese at.Noumea was a
matter of grave "importance to Australia, owing to danger, of. New Cale-,
dbnla being made ari intermediate settlement ground for hordes of Japanese, with Australia as their final destination. Noumea correspondents state
that the arrival of the first shipment
of Japanese is causing disturbances.
The bringing of Japanese was aranged
ln France."      * ■    "
Maurer's Bill Contains Best Features
of European Indemnity Measure -
By Edmoud M'Kenna   7
HARRISBURG, Pa., Feb. 13.—Cash
indemnity for working men,1 women
children killed or injured in industrial
accidents, is to-day almost a commonplace, of .law in. European countries.
In the United States, where industrial
accidents are more frequent'and deaths
more numerous,' the>*o is-not a single
measiuo providing compensation* for
the'malned worker, or for the dependants of men or women killed in employment. Every day brings its., list
of deaths and accidents to industrial
workers, with their* attendant train of
miseries; extremes of. economy in
food and clothing which often mean
starvation and material reduction -in
rent, which means the crowding of
large families' into small insanitary
rooms. . In the present order of things
in this country, the wives and children,
the iiio'..liefb and fathers, of .aos2,v.*ho
lose their lives in the performance of
the world's work, must not only bear
the shock and grief, but pay in their
own almost impossibly hard struggle,
the money cost of the tragedy.the outcome of which is misery and degradation. "
In the remedying* of this ,evil the
Socialists concern themselves not so
much with the abstract injustice of
it, on which many*.-, glowing things
have been said and written, but. directly with the 'economic' welfare of
the class, which* sustains*the shock
and bears > the burden of the misery it
brings. *
The -.' workingmen's compensation
act, presented in7the house of representatives at Harrlsburg,.by James H.
Maurer, of Reading, has been carefully
bills already in operation in eight European countries, and with special regard to the industrial conditions prevailing in Pennsylvania. Were the
laws of the following countries, some
of which we are fond "of designating
as backward, in operation in Pennsylvania, the family of a man killed in an
industrial accident would receive compensation in annual pensions In' the
total amounts given below:   '
Austria, until youngest*, child is fifteen, $4,268.23.
France, until youngest child is fifteen, $5,162.50. "        * ",*.-   .
Germany,   until   youngest child   Is
fifteen, $5,062.50.     '■
.Great Britain, three   times- annual
wages, $2,250.   " . ,    "
Hungary, until youngest child is six-
,teen, §5.615.06. .
Italy, purchase ' of annuities until
eighteen, $3,750. *.   •
* Norway, until youngest child is fifteen, $4,263.23. .
"- Russia, until youngest. child is fifteen,* $5,8oo.-; ■    -°      .' ,     .   ;.. -
Question on War Basis
In.Pennsylvania, as in every state
in the,Union, this question rests on a
war basis with this difference, that
the chances for the survival in decent
living conditions for the, dependants
of the slain" industrial worker! are
less-than war. chances. It is estimated
that one' such accident out of eleven
is prosecuted at law, and that only
one but of ten so prosecuted, is in any
way successful. Eleven out of- the
hundred sue for compensation; of the
eleven one is .partially successful.
Therefore, the chances against the
widows and children of men killed
in doing the world's work are greater
than a hundred to one. What army
could be induced to accept such risks?
But that is r.ot all, after lawyers' foes,
court costs and other expenses, are
met .not more than 20 to 30 per cent
of the sum awarded actually reaches
the families of the killed and Injured.
* And the 'industrial, widow," the
most tragic and helpless figure in
American life, whose very existence
damns our claim to^civilization, what
becomes of her? Out of 100 six remarry, fifty-five find work ' cleaning
windows, cleaning offices, scrubbing
or taking in washing, which means
invariably long hours, poor pay- nnd
neglected children.- , Of the children
fifteen out of every twenty-two are
put out to work under sixteen years
of age *■ . -='?-• '
Out of 467 victims of industrial accidents in Pittsburg, last year, it was
found upon investigation ."that-there
were only eight whose death did not
affect the welfare of others. * .Two
hundred and - ninety-seven . were the
chief supporters of families. In 53
per cent of ..the' industrial accidents
that occurred ln Pittsburg, the widows
and children were left by the. employer, tp bear the entire income,loss
and in 17,per, cent of the remaining
cases the recoveries were for less than
$500., The economic burdens fall even
more heavily upon the families of men
injured but not killed.    .
Workers Suffer Exclusively
• The most appalling feature , of' industrial, fatalities is that they fall exclusively upon workers,' upon bread
earners. Among those killed In this
way there, are no aged, helpless persons, no idle merrymakers. The people who perish .are" those upon .whprii
the world leans.      --
.Uniform indemnity for mained and
killed workers will soon be a reality
in Wisconsin1 where'the Social Demo-
.crats_are_v_ery strong. A7htll_t"_ __
complish this-is now up for,final passage in both upper and lower houses
ln that state. Its practical' terms,
which are similar to those of the
Maurer bill, has appealed strongly
and favorably to every faction in the
state. .The administration of the Wisconsin act is to he by an industrial
accident board of. three members.
This, board will act in all cases of
dispute over compensation Tills system, It is believed, will cut down the
enormous waste of..tbe present -system, under which Injured' employes
must sue,
The Wisconsin bill was drafted and
reported to the 1911 legislature by a
special, committee, of the" 1909 legislature. The report is remarkable in
many ways, aside from, the' fact that
it is the first report of. its kind to be
made in America. It contains tables
showing the frightful maining . and
killing iri various occupations. OUter
tables have to do with the astonishing
loss in wages caused by accidents,
the pitifully small amounts of money
recovered by the victims and the* existing economic status of families that
have suffered through industrial accidents.    .
Rescuers Meet Fatal Black'Damp and
One Man is Suffocated
TRINIDAD, Feb. 10.—To* the list of
nine known dead,and six missing in
the Cokedale mino at the time of the
explosion last night, this morning were
added' the name of E. A. Sutton, assistant superintendent of the mine, and
Robert Meek, a C, F. ancl I. volunteer
rescuer, who lost their lives while trying to reach tlie missing men.
' Sutton overestimated the amount of
oxygen in his helmet and fell a victim to the black damp. He was dragged to within the air current by rescuers who themselves almost succumbed
where his helmet was removed. He
was alive when carried out, but died
while efforts were being made to revive him with a pulmotor. Meek fell
unconscious after venturing aheadoof
the rescuers and died a few minutes
after being carrried out.
Five Bodies Located
Five bodies were located this morning and will be brought out soon. Before the six missing can be reached
it will be necessary to put up more
brattices !and enlarge the ,air circuit.
A number of the rescuers have been
overcome by the blackdamp.
* The, mine is being slowly cleared
of the after damp, but it may be several hours before all of the bodies can
be taken out. Dr. T. J. Forham of
Sopris was seriously Injured at the
mouth of' the mine early to-day when
he fell off a high trestle in tlie darkness. His shoulder was .dislocated
and it is feared heu sustained internal
injuries. .
President In Charge
Frank Guiterman, general manager
and president of the Carbon Coal and
Coke-company .arrived, this morning
and. has assumed personal charge.'
Superintendent F. P Bayles has been
in the mine almost continuously, since
reaching the" men soon after the explosion last night. ' " "
Good order is maintained about the
mouth of the mine and In the camp,
preventing the harowing scenes so
frequently enacted about the mines following a disaster. Coroner Lake and
a", force of deputies are in charge of
the bodies' of the recovered ^victims,
whicirh~ave~been placed~iTi'~the_black~
smith's shop.   '','"•
♦ •
Owing to the Mines at Coal ♦
Creek'only being partially op** ♦
erated, and the number of Idle ♦
men very large, all workers ♦
are requested to stay away ♦
from Fernie until further ad- ♦
vised. D, REES, . ♦
Secretary ♦
! Do You Want
A Home ?
Three 20-acre Tracts, of
which four acres on each
are improved, on Lake
Front and located where,
there is. good settlement;
Price per block §1500 and
at terms to suit purchasers.
This is a chance for anyone
intending to make a home,
for himself at once. ,  v
•!   ■■*._■
50 blocks well watered, excellent soil, free from rock
and easily cleared—Three
miles from station.
■Joe Grafton
I P. O. Bbx 48
B. C.
1 and goo'd7business
stationery is advertising-"
it's not So much the taste
of the man producing the
matter, as the consideration of what will appeal
to the people he desires
to reach. Still, you yourself will find a keen, personal satisfaction in using
good paper, and printing.
May we show you samples ?
The District Ledger
Aro ypu.n homoseokor, or nro you
seeking a Hiii'o nntl profitablo . invest-
muni in llio district of tho CuUwi, witli
spring tlm wliolu yenr round, soil of inexhaustible fertility, crops growing
every month in the year, nnd trnnspov-
Intion at yonr vory door to talco your
prod ind h to nil markets; whoro thoro iti
a fine, ocean harbor, nnd whoro grows
overy!king outnblo necessary i'or tho '
Whero you will get woll on tho
AVhorc medieino is unnecessary,
Whoro tjioro is plenty of rninfnll nnd
heavy dews.
Where tho cool nil- from nearby
mountains onuses rainfall overy month
in tho year,
"-tVI-KM-*.*"   i'f\-i*i    n*'r,   nl   i'lil,   ■""•'f.nr.l
Where you tin not need to .vvl^nte,
Whoro you nro rienv thn deep water
Wlioro tlio constant sen hrezes make
lifo worth living,
Wlinre it r-nrelv trootoa
WI|oro thoro aro no winters, cyclones,
blizzards or tornadoes,
Whoro tho flowers bloom evory month
in tho year.
Where you can wear the samo kind
of clothes comfortably nil tho year
Where yon farm ovory month in tbe
Where you save more than you can
make Eastward.
Where thc tide of imigration is rapidly eofogf snd tand xtilucs Aro rapidly
Whero tho land will yield anything
equal to any pnrt of tho country.
WTiert* sunstroke h never known.
Best   Investment   on   Earth
Is the  Earth  Itself
M$W****<^ .'.'»',.■■>'...>,. *.•*.,. .j^v-...,-'-- '.   •   ^ivi.'f. 'y-^yiiyyyr-:.:■■■■ ■-':7;.7,
■WlW'hy?ittw-ft^.T-i^ y-vn^-^yryi^^^y-,:i''rr:i^;^~'v^'-y--,^y'^^.yify:.y:. -y - - •
7*'.*ri7*-A 7/,*.,''-,"* ■|*..'*'. *"...* ryy-iyi-'wyy/.' : -xy ;„.y,-.'l- ,...;.*,*;,.>; '.*•.*,• '   ■■•„•..■•.*■ ,*•   ■■..-•■■; ■.;.',;■,•.*■ ,fi;y;   * .'. -••"■yy;.;^;,.- *,■ ■  '.*<;'■■■ •,-■>*.*; .* .r,.v 'V ",*,*  ■■_■
* ■       .  ' * r * " ' '
' ' ■'■', '   - T"" w**f '    '.^r»*.M|^(_ \ii*_4r.p-_tat*_' * * •*■- -__J_W_,'
«UA,-a'■'' "rryy ■ ■    ■ V"s. ,'<*-,;y^'-iy^.£ ./_ ^*v*1fl#^^^
■m_._. »,i,r   'v-   * """ ••     ■» ■»*__.__,, /A,.* «.i.r ., -.*jiMS*aKai*r.' >      *■ _nr_**______l_l_, *> "- ■*♦- />if,*t-r *r * /tirf*..**-" *
. ,■    ," ,     .***"«*»-. -^rrciaa swk    -r:*1. *"*^v A.-fflff™8*'' ■■'''i''':*raff'™'1    '"■'  _!_■.■■ .-.■■.■
-»_       ■ -v/-,.
,Sija^ao^*tiW'-f^V^r/*^*>zS*ii'.i,ii,r*.. ^f
NUMAIHO A',* 7*>1"_W_;
;-1).inji_k.,_._i'   »* , '    * *   '
y   , ajfavt***r,ii *_■ '.
rj"^m.     '
V«V' \kttr(*J\t* j,i
&<*'■'   "*i .■ St'tiiaZ
•""__'    .   .    ut      __k     __*^    .... -'..-
"   *5_.
• „■ : xl;,,.,i„    ,,      .... .     . .....
".   ■    .,.    *■   ,,  OtAbMANS   IStANd   ■'
.'•'.';.   "'.'. !J'!''        '      „      *' ■
.;•' ■•«';•'. ',.*- ,5<-,,i';' ■      -.*.        •"'.'•  .
.. * y,v>. ^-v-., .     , .*.,..   ' 4l,-.    (, ,i,..   -   i.   -.*'»'*, *       .? . ,
■ .\'V-V' •':,'', ■-.'•■*. .'.,*'*',V'*-   *• -    -  ;  .*
*.■•/,. t*r. U,
Market unlimited; soil most fertile;
elimnto ideal; middleman eliminated;
produce from cultivator to customer
without inkroiediary'.    The proximity
fo tho prfneip.i? const oHios of thty province furnishes thc best possible markets. Tnmsporliitiou facilities unexcelled.
Apply to Owner
Branch Offico, Roma Block, Fornio, B. C.
Headquarters, 1(537 Third Ave. VV.
LOCATION: in the midst of mjmn«,
lumbering nnd other large industries,
wl-idi afford Jurtje remunerative ♦•in-
ployment l<> th»* ownerH of small farms
in tlie early slnH-vs of their develop-
TERMS: Id per cent cash; balanee
on lerins to Htiil the purchaser. NO
Wh oro you rlo not u-nrk six months nf
each year to keep from freezing and
starving tlio othor*six months.
Whoro vegetation is so strong and so
rapid as to nstouisli any Uastenier.
Where five or leu ncres put in fruit
■ir vegetables, or poultry, will mulct* a
furt une.
Where wate,s* is soft, pure, nnd plentiful-
Where rattlesnakes nn* unknown.
Where you can live in a summer house
hurroiiuded by flowers, fruits and ferns,
Whero ihero are prneiieally no taxes,
Where it is so healthy tliat peoplo
ral'ily die eXeept froin -old atfe.
Where. lung trouble, ealanli, hay
fever, nslhma, bronchitis', rlieiiiiialisin
and all the ills of variable climates are
practically unknown,
Where yon will Jive ten years longer.
Where you work less   and    obtnin
4 , . '
HI.111!    Klilll    lit   ,111,     (Mill I     |'l,HI     I'll    1,11111,
WJii i'v 'yi.ijr Vr i] vji )>]•■ i .*,,v',. i,.; !■.-,
and freigbl rates are not ncecsary.
Where (here is the best fishing and
bunt ing.
Where nil the industries nre nearby,
•tvi   ..    , .'. i... :,•        ,     1..*,   .
         r*         ii - -        ','*-" r.
Kveryotie bu.Miig *>uc of lhc.se farms
or lots prepares fir the futuro and old
Labor is the foundation of wealth,
lint without its proceeds invested you
will toil on lo the end. Do not miss
the opportunity. Thc only difference
b-i'twt-en r'n-h nnd poor is one of investment.
A f.'inii iu the country, ?u_d at the
door oi the city.
To bo sold in Miuill pnreels of from 5
to 10 acres nt terms to suit the pnr-
-"■ft riser.
I'rnctii-nliy nil ihe wnt«*r iront is n
elnm bed al  low tide. _____
___ _**,___
■' *i
Published, every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance., An-excellent, advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger]*
J. W. BENNETT). Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Postoffice Box No. 380
-.UNION OffafllABEL.
ONE of the rallying cries of the Conservatives
campaign over a year ago was "Vote for'
Ross and Night Schools." '
As an evidence that this was' a mere vote catch-1
ing expedient no further steps looking towards the
establishment of this, useful institution lias materialized yet. Private individuals, actuated by , a
desire _o supply a recognized-need in so cosmopolitan a community as this have.undertaken the work
for which purpose they have, been granted the use
of the public school conformably to the provisions
of the School Act. *.;.."   -
The studies taught are for the benefit of the
foreign population and, a nominal fee'is charged,
but the scope Of usefulness could, be widened considerably if the Provincial Government would .cooperate in so worthy a niovement.
We believe there is irert&in machinery to be set
in motion in order to attain the purpose desired
and those who were.so prolific in promises prior
to the election are undoubtedly well versed in the
methods to be adopted to change abstract promises
into concrete performance.   . *
NE of the subjects which dominated Thursday's session was the discussion of better sanitation in the -mining-, camps throughout* Eastern
British Columbia and Alberta that,have come'under
*. • . •  .» ,        **.
the" observation of the delegates and officers of
District; IS.* ' The only explanation why more serious epidemics do not work havoc upon communities may be accounted* fQi. by* the remarkable beneficial climatic.conditions we enjoy, "but we should-
iiot draw too much upon this as a reserve by neglecting attention to the-simplest rules of "sanitary aiid hygienic., laws: 7 ' '• _ '. ..'■-'.'*-
While on this subject we may say that it is now
the time to formulate plans for the prevention' of
germ diseases right here in Fernie when the spring
thaw sets,in which must necessarily tax the storm
sewers beyond the limit bf their capacity wheXthe
melting snow is disappearing. The accumulation
of dirt and filfth mingled with the snow, will wheii
disintegration takes place be a great menace to
health if it cannot be carried on steadily but in-
:*' ead is permitted to stand and percolate through
the soil,., We have had a record fall of snow,to
contend with and some plan should he-devised for
carrying off the water before* it; is too voluminous
to cope with. , Just as soon as the weather moderates sufficiently to- allow * the storm severs to
operate no time should, be lost in, keeping them
working at full capacity even if .they have to be
shovel fed';, to do' this would greatly lessen: the
danger alluded to of an .^outbreak and "would moreover be more economical.
The old maxim, "A stitch in time saves nine"'is
peculiarly applicable'.-at this -stage* of the "proceedings: " The unfortunates "in "the City [Bastille'liave
done excellent* work clearing the sidewalks, but
they could likewise be usefully employed by feeding the snow into the storm sewers as soon as
practicable instead of- awaiting ..the- rush of ..the
general'break-up.''  -•,■■;•.[»'.   •--•.■-;'        * . .     7'7
ELSEWHERE in these columns we reproduce a
.    communication from a fire boss dealing with
.the status of these petty officials and offering suggestions for an amelioration of the disadvantages
under which they labor that are worthy of consideration. *        ' _        ,.hj,
* The salaries* quo.tedVsho'u.13, in themselves, b.e .con-,
elusive evidence-that* th-0 high', wages .paid to miners'
-when not mythical* are transitory otherwise it is
nofr natural to,expect that men would fit themselves,
by* study and ■'-labor-to, obtain-the-.positions ofxfire'
_-hnsR,hr-'p_t._hnsB-7_L_-*- v? *' A"-«-'■'   "■ ■*<-      -    77   ,."--''"''
The writer strikes a" resounding keynote in his
allusion*-tb the necesity of first enforcing the laws
already',on thfe,; statute, bopksy before proceeding to
make amendments ,Whioh>however, valuable'aiid requisite, are more observed in the breach than in the
observance. He loses sight,of. their ■ importance
around elcction^tjmcs^&.$ "serving.a useful,.purpose;
viz., a peg upon'which _'o*-hang'eulogies-*to''the'bene-
fic^nt government _n control of affairs.
Provided the aim and object of thc projected association be better enforcement of existing, legislation then the powers that be,, if sincere in their
assertions to do everything practicable to safeguard
thef lives and limbs if these industrial workers,
should give them their hearty co-operation. .Will
thoy do'this? Wo candidly admit that on this
score we are skeptics arid furthermore,wili vcntiiro
to remark that the employing corporation's will do
all they can, cither openly or sub rosa, to prevent
the.consummation of the purpose outlined.
'The only ones upon whom reliance can.be placed
will Ibe the fire bosses them'selvcs', and even,among
them there will be a certain percentage afflicted
with timidity; still those in favor must expect op-
position, bearing in rniivd that."Evevry beginnng is
difficult," but,hot inB.uvmountnblo.„   7
WHEN the present City Council assumed the
reins of government it was quite freely dis-..
cussed that the watchword this year must be economy,-because, notwithstanding the apparent excellent financial showing it was somewhat of a ginger
bread consistency," and the ready-money available
necessitated the. most'careful handling in order to
obtain the best possible results. " Despite the known
condition "and the assertions that retrenchment and
reform'Svbuld'be'the'slogan, the.* cost of operating
$1200 per annum. The amount paid to ..the volunteer firemenis not begrudged by a single citizen,,
-tha. th'd. hours of the-driver "are "too, long is con-
ceded,'but"the general impression prevails that
relief could have been afforded the latter without
entailing so iieayy,''an additional expenditure'at'
••    *.i--v   .   <■-','.  •■•■•■    ...... i""s    1,'.,...►*     ....*.'-,
tbc-.pres'ent juncture.". '-.,-■• 7 r .       **■■:*..'
■,.--*■<.•   7 *«.*•■..•■■..*...      -y, *■••■ '*--*.. -*•
We do, not believe that economy should reach
the verge of parsimony, and by so doing impair
efficiency, this does not need., tp result, provided
more administrative capability..were displayed. 7
Tho question that the citizens of Fernie are asking themselves nre what with the increased cost of
tlie upkeep of our educational department (a highly essential,one, too; in order to .comply with existing requirements)' the. fixed expenses;*the additional
cost of * "lho' Fire Department ah'd tho rumors cur-
rent of payment of salaries to civic officials, how
many dollars on the mill will the taxation amount
to? We realize that the road to,'.travel for the
present incumbents, of the municipal chamber is
full of difficulties ond wo .do not mako those observations in a spirit of carping oritic but simply to
call attention.'to,,FACTS, which aro mighty stub-
born thing's:to;,down, as they, refuse'tp bo ignored.
+ + + + * + + ♦«.♦•*>♦♦
Tlio concert tn connection with tlio
re-starting or tlio St John's Ambulance
clnRHos up horn hold In tho Club Hnll
lust Frldny evening, wnH a docldod sue-
cobb Punctiiftl to llrno n o.unart overture waH played by Hnmsp'yty'.OrQlios-.
tra, nftor which, Mr. JiimcH Ahhwortli
took tho chnlr for tho evening nnd In
a vory brief speech told tho nudlonco of
tlio gront worlc thnt can bo nccompllBli
hy nnyono having n knowledge of ambulance work, nnd of tlio mnny good
roHiiltB of caBCB whoro flr«t nld had
boon rondorod wlion It had not boon
poKHlblo to not a doctor for n conuldor-
nblo tlmo Mr. ABliworlh tlioii rc'iuout-
ed Mr, fleo. O'Hrlen to doscilho and
show tho methods of working at roscuo
with tho nniogor apparatus, Mr.
O'llrlon gavo a vory good dotallod ac-
pount of tho uno of tho helmet, aftor
which ho donnnd tho IngonloiiH eontrl-
vnnco nnd nrmed with nn oloctrlc safn-
ly lamp, mnrched down tho hnll for tho
pnrpnRo of lotting tho nudlonco hnvo a
bolter vlow ;pf It nnd oxnmlnlng It „lf
Tin.10r.anrv ' Aftor1' (hto tho ^nlmotor
wan brought forwnrd nnd ltd ukob woro
dotalled in urn-en wure ]iui'i.uiih nr<j
found ItiHtntiiblo this Invention Ib to
bo used nn a mr>nn« nf r-^snuoUtvilon,
nnd prf-nt bcncfttB mny bo derived from
thin Inmniment when tho iintlont |« mif-
....l.-rr     »...,».      Ltin     rftri.iln     r,f    i,r,l„-,r,_,i„
»,...,, r>    .,  . -      .
gdHC-K or UiHonuIblllty from uny other
Tho nnmlcnl pnrt of lhe proRrnmmo
wns thon (itnrlfd by Mr W. Kc-hofiold,
of Fernio, who Hnnp "Slnj? mo 10 Hleop,'
which wn« v*r*ry well n-mU-red, ,lnek
I'u.Uoy, "for MonMin in 'I Mor.Mn and
Monllm," onroro "Fetch .lohn Wlillo.'
■»"orn*ft ptxln, "I,nr1i0tin1 \\';,t,-h," hy Mr.
]'. J'./nvley mid Mr. TSimnlRter. W. It.
I'nrkoy, "1 <nn't rem-h tlmt top nolo,"
i-uttiTo "Put a i:lt oi I'o-.'.ilir on It
Fntb,»r," (loo. O'llilen, rorltnlliJii,
"l^no run) Honor." Tlie next liem
v,H,i il.o |ir''.'«iit.ill<)ii of t iiillii u'oi in
..,.■.-. tiifiil uu_iU-,t.il»i lu tli st nt'l. U, .1.
llrown, Itobt Uoo'Inon, \\*rn. Hlnnflehl.
Dudley Michell, Alox tiunch, Robt.
Johnstono, TIiob. Rnnson, Harry Mlard
Bnrnoy Cniiflold, John Cauflold and
Joseph Lyons woro tho roclplontB,
'- The mimical portion of tho ontortnlnmont was thon continued. W.
Scofield, "Tho Villngo niaekBrnlth.* J.
Ashc'roft, "Ilnrrlgnn," encoro "ItlnsB
on my flnRmPfl'iind bollB on.my,. toes,"
Jack * Puokdy; "Jllollod noof**ft'nd .Car*
rotfl," oncoro "Tho* Btory of a tin tack."
Goo. Flnlnyflon, recitation "atnmpodo
on tho Wo do Grande.'/-, W R. Puckoy
"Woiild you mind pnnuInK tho.BnU.'Von*
cqro "I miiHt bo homo, to, nlRht,", on*
core, "I do liko1 to'bo beside tho son*
sldo" "Auld Lnnu S^no" wn» tho concluding Itom. Mr, Jhmos DnvlBon pro-
Hldod nt tho plnno, ,       ,,
Aceldcnti In and Around the Mlnei
Fob nth—Ab Iko CnrtnoBB wnB (to*
itiK to tho lamp houno In tho ovoning
10 dollvor hl» lamp, nftor romlng, off
flhift, ho Rllppod down on tho Ico and
fnlllng on his bottio, which wns hnng-
Ihr on IiIb right flldn, with such forco
an tn fracture throo rlbn, nnd ho Ib
now forced to Ilo In hod for two or
threo wooks
On tho samo dnto Joo drlbbon got
liln hnnd cut with n nloro of rock In
No, l>,
r'tiii, lu—Ai'clifo (lomey, ciuplojeil an
a driver in No !i wan tinforlunnlo en-
miirh to llinn ono of hlfl flngor endR
through gottlng It fnst with lho lall
chnln nnd IiIb liorno pulling nwny
On   ..in   oirno   rtntn   nnntlior   ilrlvrr
nnmod Dnn niddard. and working In
Vn R, received n brokon forearm by
getting, tnnglod up with tho Incllno
rope nnd n enr
Feb 12.—,T Rlchnrdfion got a n,ip»y
cut on tho wrlut with.n pleco of rock
while working up nt No, 1 north
Feb 1.1—Wm, Ilufkntt, employed lis
11 i-ondiieicir In No. 5 irot bin i-lcbt
thumb badly lacerated by gettlnn lt
enught between ft »prng nnd tho nir
1 On vli_ «nme dnto .1 Truelk, *"nuiloy*
I ed (us n driver In No, 1 tioith waa un-
ifonunnie lo «"-*•  bin  tklit   le,? broke
iin t .1'..,. Di. .lulu- ii...iLH,',:i i.i i-i....
[going out of (be track, thereby fn.ip.i.
Ing tho driver's log between tho gun
nnd tho car Ho wnB romovod to tho
hoapltal by "a apoclnl train.      ** ,
Another accident occurrod on tho
namo dnto to n dlggor named Wm. Co.
lott, omployod In No, 2, who got his
wrist cut with n ploco of rock
Fob. -14tli—A; driver, nnme.uni-.nown.
got n riflBty kick from hin horso "in No.
1 north, ,'7 ,'* .'■ '*' -
., lmt Sunday aftornoon shortly boforo 3 o'clock, wlillo two mon, n Ho-
hom|nn .nnil <i Slavonian, woro prnotlu,
Jng.fihpotlhg'wlth n .22 rlflo nt n iln
enriv*wblch thoy had for ft targot a littlo girl hy tho namo of Mnrln Pofflelc,
camo nlong nnd, nftor hnvlng n suo-
coRBfui hit with tho rlflo, ond tho flnmo
had been, reloaded, »bo wn« -nhowlmT
it to tho cloven yonr o_ boy of Iko
Cart moll, Jimmy, whon ulio aecldnntnl
ly pulled tho trjggor, tho bullet shlk-
lng tho'flfwhy pnrt of tho Inner thigh
of tho loh leg,' plorclng n holo cloan
through, Tho two mon pnld no attention to tho Btrlckon boy, but wont Into
thoir. shack leaving tho two chlldron
nlono,' A fow mlnutefl Inter thoy cnmo
out, drnggod tho woundod Ind nfl fnr
bb tho homo of Mrs. Goo, Monks, whoro
he, wn«* folwd nnd fnken into hor
hoiiROi - Tho child .lost considerable
blood boforo flrBt aid wan rondorod by
n, Cnulflold, T. Waklcm and Joo
Worthlnuton. Dr Conmn wn« telephoned for, coming up by Bpoclnl train
nnd convoying thn Ind to tho hospital
•u'Viero X10 to it *nrenfint ronHm**' ind fle-
Ing flplondldly.
Mr nnd Mr*. Iko Cartmoll wl«h to
thank tho Monkfi family nnd tho othora
who no klnly rondorod nsslBtnnco to
tliolr hoy,   -
Ono of thoBO plantation flccnes whfrn
la not enabled <m a public platform
tonk plnco Intt week up horo when n
rrowd of negro***-*! *,v!io lind been cclc-
bnirii'i/? had n row, of which 0110 Tower* beam mnny signs, where nn Individual by"the iiftmo or Hockory had
prnrtlRed tin nnntomonlr-al dissection
with n razor. The culprit Is heading
for ft more rongi-n|u| fllme,, nnd the
V.U._llt.-L*4   UUl_   Ii.Ot..v   nluntt  IIlHI   U   t'..:l-
mnn duellist
Euscious fe^Ripbned Fruit
.  .  It is not sufficient to; know that oranges are
, the most healthfullof all frjiits. * It is * quite as
. important to knoy-j.he kiud of oranges that are,*
mojst healthful and. rt^ost palatable.    The very   ,
finest California oranges are now packed under the?
*.' label "Sunkist." 'Please'serve !'Sunkist" oranges **
'at breakfast tomorrow and learn the .superiority of
■tree-ripened,  seedless.'-fiberless oranges over, the
commonplace kind.  Don't fail to save the wrappers'.-"'
-,    There is so much "meat",, and nourishment" in *  ,
.-"   Sunkist" oranges and so little waste that, in addi--vi("
:; tion.to their extra fine flavor arid goodness, they are,
really the most economical oranges to buy.      : ~ •-.,
^Sunkist" Lemons Juiciestv^
Lemons differ as mqch as oranges. ; Pithy, th!c'«"-sWanea      m
lemons contain very littlo juice.  You waste money when you     * *
buy them.  Please ask fbr "Sunkist" Lomons and note how
uniformly sound ench one Is, and -what s small percent*
age is skin and fiber.    ■—-■
[Get This Valuable Orange Spoon
.•- Save 12 "Sunkls^'oranee (or lemon) -wrappers
and send them to us, with IZcents to pay charges,
fmcklnc.ctc'., and we wiU present you with a ecnu-
ne Rogers Oranere Spoon, of beautiful design and
highest quality.   Begin saving wrappers today.  If
you desire more than one. send 12   Sunkist" wrappers and 12,cents for each additional spoon.   In remitting; please send cash when tho amount Is less thanf20 .;      '."
;cents;,on amounts above 20 cents, we prefer postal note, money
prder, express. order or bank-draft.     We will be glad to send   .
you complete list of valuable premiums   We honor both "Sunkist"   '
and   Red BaU'! wrappers for premiums. (50)
.    -California Fruit Growers' Exchange;,.":
105 King Street East' ' Toronto, Ont
o '
 : y -ALEXANDER' LAIRD," General' MANAeili' " \"	
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000
REST, - $7,000,000
of The Canadian. Bank; of Commerce will receive deposits of*$t ahd*r
upwards, on v^iich interest is ^allowed at current rates.. There.is.no"1
delay in withdrawing the-whole or any portion 6f the deposit;*. •'Small-'
deposits are welcomed. " '-*'':'>"234"
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons, to be
operated by any one of the number or by the survivor. A joint account
of this kind .saves.expense in establishing* the ownership, of the money
afterdeath, and is especially useful when a man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others'depending upon him, in the event of his death.
FERNIE  BRANCH v L*.  A. S.  DACK,  Manager.
Airt.ghts,  Coal  Burners. Coal
^^=~   or Wood Burners, and —-
, Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.   AG NEW & CO.,  ELKO
,*! • J -■ ■ A, ,i-
Dry   Corel wood" at   $2.23   per
<-   ," Rl-^k, O.O.D. ,
Apply, Wm. Diokbn, Phono 10
,   ,„..       Fernio, 13. 0."
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us acalt
Luncheons Served01
(ivory day from 0 rum. to 11 p.m.
Pork and Boans Saturday
Htoro Phono 12.1 Ifoimo I'linno IKO
Wm. Murr
T. W. Davies
I Coleman,
i* 4'■.*».* **4\.. d _■*.«
Ledger Ads Pay
I... ...
;   -~i. ,     ■ \ ■.'■-      ,
Ctu'rantaed to Keep Correct'Time" for
Two Veen,
Just a
in our
f*| ihiiii WI
Fernio, B. C.
Over 200 High Class
*      '     • V I.   •    '    I*" ^ ' > "■-._'
'.J.- Comprising, the very choicest of one. of'the niost reliable iaan-
: ufacturers of "correitlv,tailored-^pni'en's Ready-to-Wear'Cldtll-
; ,ing. Bverj*; garment ris of this^seasori's production; just'what
is,*required.;fpr the present 'aiid7.c6ming . season. -Tliis'^is
v certainly an opportunity that no* woman can afford to overlook.
* * -■-•>.." , ■■, . -
"^values from $15.00 to7$45.00;: in many varieties of the
new tweed effects, as well as in' the ever popular beavers and
'"self colored Cheviots.     The styles,are just right.     All sizes
from 3 to 42 bust. .    . ,**, '   , 7   *    : _ ,
*^ ^ from $17.00 to $45 in tweeds] Venetians, Panamas Serges
and novelty, weaves. These suits are exceptionally well tailored, and the, question .of a good^.fit is ..almost absolutely eliminated.- '■.■'*,'.        * 7 -.. .-•'■•■' <r '  ".■ ',*, ','"■ '■'•■   *-'    t *',.' •
. ,| o-' WOMEN'S PRINCESS DRESSES; Regular values from
* *^ $14.75 to'$45.00, in wool,taffetas, French twills, panamas
.moried poplins and silks.'   Dresses for thc street, dresses for
't.s*.  '     ..'*:c *, . ' * ■•-.,.
..j.the*house, evening dresses.   Remember, as there are only 13
•'.-dresses a first choice would be'very much in order.'
-CC  CHILDREN'S COATS; Regular values from $4.50   to
;■ made-from a variety of riifiterial^'a'iid sTzes,' from 3 to 14 years*."
u ."      , ■*>
CHILDREN'S DRESSES in Navy and Cardinal Velve-
teen'and iri.'Navy serge; sizes 3 to 8 years.     Sale price'
$2.50^ .A most serviceable dress arid very prettily made. -  '
■'yry   ', 7 ■   v7 < '  -
':—'-"^80^ GBOTOT SNAPS in Women's and Children's
, white Coat Sweaters, slightly soiled;    Sale Price, rang-"
ing from $1.60 to $5.40. ** These Sweaters are all of this season's
purchase and sold regularly at from. $3.75 to $12.00.    ..
A Few Odd Lines of Women's. Flannelette Night Gowns iri
white.and pink; regular values $1.25 and $2.00.y.Sale Price 75c.
,and:$li25. •■ .. ..''.J^.-,'  ......7, '   ■    -¥' •   '■   '    *'•
*;.- "
'.We ca_hot urge.too strongly the advisabiilty of making your
-selection.as early as posible-as the pricey now quoted for the
above lines can only mean a total*-clean up.0 - * *■
'     7       It'..-   -    •• -*7--       .*."*/        '-■■ ,V ":_*-,^    . ■>.--*
The Trites-Wood Co.
■ > \
11; •'*_. •'}■:•
\ \ -Cii-'V
'. ,*_
Happy New Year- to You
May December 31st,- 1911 mark the close,of tho most pros*
perous year In your,history; we,firmly beildvo It will do bo In
ours.   Make a good start anyway, and go'to 7   '     -..."
The 41 Market Co-
for nil your requlromonts In  Moats, Flsli, Eggs, Biitler, Poultry,
Cheese, OyBtors, etc,
7 sam,graham;.(/t*naaer\ yy"-. ?• ' :■:'■  .PHONE 41
Insurance, Real Estate
.'. '    * ) ' r*   * ««> ,.',,1 .*>   _'   -        I .,-.      "
r   arid Loans
'l       ,' ■'* '■'■■•■ ■■ • „       ,      i*y\^l^m~^m.              _ . -
....■i.-.*i..-..-«"i.   m\   /; ■i»ii|l.»...l........>... t y>|.**«a. ;e  ■»■**■ - ****•" *-'■-■ ■■_■___
Money to. Loan on first class Busi-
nessand Residential property
the Jeweler-that's All
Right on the come
Electrlo Ll-jhted
Steam Heated
,„■„.,.,__ . m* mm mm •#41 0*      r«P <«■ , 4
The vvaidort Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
Hot and Cold WaUi* L. A. MIIU, Maiuycr
M__._. Ci: M-J -JM wZZL m*   f\^J^^    j-*p^i£'
r,..n »i. ,   .,-, _      ,.,',.-,_-.   _   . .*.      ,     ,.'   .'**"..'_',."'  -       -'*.',-■  J_   _^_ -.-■ l-'ij.  .1^,
7,*  ,,«"    .,   >,.',..'■'*_.*«*-,*.    .; '« *     W.--1 v;j/-      s.  •< ■., >.   *«*     ,'*   ■".*._     ,,     r      "-V ^ "..-/.v--.
Zofo that sell tor $100 mill b<e
\ 'It        .***__...     .'.  \ >_,  1 "_       ■•_   •*•*       <+*      - * -t ^«   *       *_**• . '
v-l. ■
omA^Ndw:is- the &meto ymveisi
., V\    -    '   ,-4>-
I   o"'*'
W'7   "I
.1    '
,J,h-\^'v-u_*'--..^^ l'^j- _,*}$ „'j,.'_**j.*i   „
beumQMh thousandsydA dollars^
,'*,'''•;       '^7    '
Every>yto&0v4s\?thei£C of ,dr-
,i   -.    •*     ,*   '., ___^\* . v _ *.  *-*>        ,, l - *       '    ,-     * ,,        .,     **" * '   ,' ' j,   '' >•_•*•', i'7    f***
"*     , •    ' . " ' _        '    .    ' , ,% ,     '    ii   i,;"**1    „. **7 7    "   " '    t" \
. " -,  '.*•   ;   ,     .'* * i    '•*>' ".*_•..'    .;    .'   > .   w- ■   ,*"*•* vr  • '     ■ y  7 *'•
magnificent farming - district.
Every  tdwrt guaranteed a rail-
way centre.    Every lot a bargain
no^ rM
Prices may advance any day.
•',' ii'   ,1 .**.
»._,(,„      .    ,'    ', ,*
.***   il
■,1>\ '
_.*"       t
JL CSl'llfltS   5p_LO   t^StSJtli
Balance in monthly instal-
ments of $10 each
The bmnihg Big Commercial cities
Don't debay.   .Don't  overlook
Your Opportunity
" 1 1 \
For Full Particulars call or write
Tofield, Wainright
For iheftrst time lots in these townsites have
been placed on the open market.   A few lots
t ' ' '      a .
were sold last year to lucky parties. The
townsite people are trying to buy back these
lots df 50 per cent, advance on% original price.
'■..':   *'*."■'   ,:' ,; ,',,.",.*. ,.' *    t  ' *.■     ■.'■' •        ■    '*
JL_i>-(J-'lC3ux ^ i___k.jjis^ *l_^xil' _U*i *;**J»w.»... *;JLJP*C.*-CJW_' *.. JE3PJL*5^*^C*M_.-.
• -»
WT*j*«»_ _____________ __■.______.-■   %S*   jT** ■ ■■
r crnic, Jt>«^« *-tmcmmtmw«iti^,ii,M*m^m^
_*-"■   -_. 'V
I With the Japanese Miners\
%**jf*^*^******^f***^** ********* ***** ************ ****
The Shogun of Japan is chief general of the Empire How the Japanese
miners secured many rights arid privileges from the Shogun Iyeyaosu' is
-worth the telling. The story goes
that in a time of war Iyeyasu, the future Shogun waa. beaten in battle,
traced and followed; by the enemy far
into the mountains.
And Iyeyasu came up to the gates
of a'mino and asked the miners to al-
vlow him to enter so that he could conceal himself. But It was not customary for the workmen to allow anybody to enter the mines except the
miners and they refused Iyeyasu in
spite of his urgent pleas.
Then, the story goes, Iyeyasu made
an, attractive- offer. Ho promised
that if he should ultimately be able to
This hanba is still maintained by miners in all the unions. , A head of the
hanba'. is elected by - majority vote
and has much influence and power.
Practically there has been but one
miners' union in all Japan. As a
miner each man is' welcomed , as a
brother* to any mine in 'the Empire."
For example, a miner comes to a
strange hanba. The men and women
receive him with ceremonies and treat
him at once as a member and brother
In' the great union. * If there' is no
work, or*.the guest is on bis* way to a
distant mine, he is welcome to stay
a few days when a miner from the
hanba escorts him to his new working place. A miner in good standing
in the union could formerly travel
from. one  end  of Japan,  to  another
defeat his enemies and become a lord
over Japan that he would make all
miners Nobushi, with special privileges and free passes all over,, Japan.
The miners were much impressed
and at last decided to conceal Iyey:
asu in the mines from those who made
the attack.   '" -. .    '
So Iyeyasu  escaped death and became final victor.    All this happened
""!years- ago- in-"the~Hilragesawa—Mines-
in Sarugas  Province  at the' foot of
the Fuji Mountains.
When Iyeyasu'established his feudal
government over the whole of Japan
the constitution he gave contained
three articles, among them one which
gave the miners of the Empire the
privilege of wearing two swords and
of calling themselves, Nobushi, Field
Knights or Open Samurai. This gave
the miners of Japan a strong union
and many privileges.
Under Old Japan
At the time ,'of feudalism ln Japan
the gold and silver mines were worked by the government and very few be-
„16nged to private capitalists, so that
it was not such a difficult thing for
a powerful'government official to bestow many favors upon the miners.
Methods of mining wore primitive nnd
under the guidance and care of his
brother miners. Their strongest watchword is mutual aid.' But all this was
not ,enough to protect them in their
struggles with the invading mine- owners. <7   >-
For advancing industry and the introduction of Western mining methods have wrought a great change.
Thousands of new mines have been
metals: The coal mines have become
a source of great wealth to the new
owners, so that the miners' union has
been materially altered.
Almost, every farmer, who has little
work ■•to do on the farm in the winter,
comes to the-coal mines for work at
that season.
It was thc wonderful Western shaft
system that deprived tbe men of tlielrr/
underground kingdom. Their rule is
?one. These men are now lowered by
'shaft, run by electric power or carried
In by electric railway cars. And the
boss has come to stay. Miners must
obey his rules and work under his supervision. The company weighs his
prdiict nnd pays what It deems sufficient. The luxurious living of feudal
dnys is gone.
I3ut the men still cling to tho old
forms, electing their hend and cluster-
uring straight over the mountains.
Freight1 from the mines is carried over
the mountain by cable carriages run
by' water power. Nearly 7,000 miners are employed in-Asio.
, Four hundred ' carpenters prepare
the arches and prop where the 3,000
copper miners work.1'Over 250.women
and girls work outside the mines at
various - jobs.     -_    .
Labor Trade in'Aslo Mines
In' every mine in Japan there are
twice or thrice* as many workers   aa
there are. miners.     These are "common labor," recruited from any quarter.    Gradually the miners themselves
have come to recognize as the most
exploited workers in Japan.,  Men are
now' enticed into the mines by promi-,
ses of a good living and many kindnesses, as no intelligent    man wants
to work in a mine.    But when workers
are  recruited  under  false pretences
and once enter the_'Asio mine, ,they
are* treated   like  slaves—particularly
the- unskilled  laborers.      While  the
miners in the old organization are still
able to demand decent living for .themselves, the unorganized workers are almost as bad off as galley slaves.    ■
In order to keep these men from
leaving the  mines, the  bosses' keep
them ln continual debt.     Men cannot
leave,the mines In the day time and
the only chance for escape is during
the night.     But the miners are usually far off from the .cities in the mountains and the roads are patrolled by
policemen or guards so that the runaway  is  often  caught   and   brought
The" old hanba was tbe real headquarters of the' miners, but it has
evolved into a tool for the mine-owners. It Is still nominally the communistic dining hall or home, but'is now
used for exploitation and enslaving the
men by debt.
It is,this debt to the mine owner
that hangs like "a yoke about the neck
of the miner and forces him to work
long hours for a pittance.
Girls and Women in the Mines
In Aslo we see so many women and
girls at work that we are unable to
distinguish whether-they are men or
women. These women and girls are
employed by a sub-boss, not directly
by the mine company. * According to
Japanese mining laws, the mine-owners
must pay a certain* wage scale, but
there is a Vast difference between
the laws and the facts.
Asio  is   a  mining, town.'     There
the power and -influence' of the mine
Publicum thorlty
In buying baking powder
examine the label and take
only a brand shown to be
made with Cream ol Tartar
...",* -i _ * * * ■,     *      »• • , *
...  Offi«*e: Johnson-Faulkner Block.
Hours 9-12; 1-6; ■•   .   ,'• '7   Phone 72
B. C.
,,,  , *   .        _
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C."
Hours 9 to 1; 2 to 6; 6 to 8.
Residence 21 .Viotoria Ave.
A pure, wholesome, reliable Grape
Cream of Tartar Baking Powder.
Improves the flavor and adds
to the healthtolness of the food.
No Alum—No Lime Phosphate
Both Reduce the  Healthfulness
of the Food.
W. R. Ross K. C. W. S. Lane
Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie,* B. C,
L. P. Eckstein
D. E. McTaggart
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
"I am quite positive that tbe use ol alum baking
powder should be condemned.-"
—Prof. Vanghtm, Unitervly of Midugda.
Road tho Label amS remomber that
••Alum, sodium alum, basic aluminum sulphate,
sulphate oS aluminum, all mean the same thing-
namely, BURNT ALUM."-Ktmiat State Board ef Health.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
.. -.    A. McDougall, Mgr   : - .
,', -   i'.*. *     '.''-'    ,
\ *       - - *
*" **.
* -, ,.*■ . -,.
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Ron gli
and Dressed Lumber >
•**. ..
Send us youp orders
Fernie, B. C."
and tlie police are all serving the
mine-owners. The mine-workers have
no protection from the greed of the
company. - * '        .
My Shabsai Shlmburi, is sent to the
miners. It is confiscated by the
mine-owners and never reaches them.
Evidently the mine masters can do as
they please and open tho mail. -**
Since the riot,of. 1907 it has' been
impossible to work, outside for the
miners. This' makes lt" worse for
them,',,hut we hopo that some day wo
can work for them.-r-Intornatlonal Socialist Review."'
I Letters To
I       The Editor I
The editor is   not   responsible for
articles" that are sent ln.
.   .      , Alta/*    ..-
., .- ■ Feb. 15. 1911
The Editor, "District Ledger," Fernie
Dear Sir,—-Your paper is looked upon
A resolution was unanimously pass-
on Sundny, Feb. 5th, by Bellevue Local
No. 431 U. M.-W. of A,-expelling:
Harry Lahulu; nationality German,
np-o, 3G; height 5 ft; 4 in.;"wolght 15p
lbs., hair, darlt; eyes, gray.
Distinctive marks: Long moustacho
and faco deeply pitted with small pox
marks, ,
Causo of expluslon: Exhorting
money for securing jobs.
Letter from Dollovuo Local rocolvod
to-day (Frldny) too lato for Insertion
In full, but lt will appear in next Issuo,
♦ ♦
tlio mon hail in unili'sgi) ninny hurd*
HlllpB llllll IIVl'il llM'S Of nillHIftllt dun-
g(!l'.        .MIlHM'H   WTl'C   HU|I|*IIH<*(I    to, lio
tlin ci'i'iim or niiii'iiu.1* in D\o Kih-iIit,
mon who fomv-l ik'tuli mil at nil. Wiikoh
wito very IiIkIi. "Kiiniiyiiinn Shot'il,"
a minor'**) liv Inr. Ih «'Vi'» lo-dny UM-tl
iui a Myuoiiyniii I'm* luxinioiis living
iimoiiK flic worldim flnsH, Inslilo the
iiiIiioh llu* iiiijii llw-il im tlioy i'Iioho.
Tlmy wor--* riilcil iiliMiluicly nntl then*
weio no i-i'siiiciluim put upon thom.
In Dw kh..: iUmi*.". »!' Dw •wMi H.oy
made law.* nnd iiiIph of lliolr own.
nifii   Iuul  lirniKOJiolilH  of  llit'l
♦ Miners ore requested to stay
♦ nwny from Bellevue as both
♦ mlneB are closed down
<+. JAMES BURKE, 8ec
coiinlrlcH Ii-'ohiibo ynu woro bom In It.
—(iuorgo lii-munl Bhiiw.
Kcwiirc of Ointments for Catarrh
thai Contain Mercury,
own. NVnrly nil
cully Iu n -Kinlm,
toR'iMior  to   niiilie
livf-rl   cnniinunlHtl-
nil fiirnlllfs living
tlio  work  i'iihIoi*.
Iiik nbout  lho old union cpronmnlcH
Ami nil tlio effort.-* of the mlno own-     patriot lem  Is your conviction Hint
(■I'M hnvo not yot boon nblo to iloHtroy i i|..h cniiiiir>  Ih Hiiporlor lo ull othor
ilie n.-'.anli'.itioii,
The Aslo Copper  Mlno
The AhIo Copper Mine In known nil
over tlio world for Kh woiiiIciTiiI Yon-
por oro.   It In owned by llio l-'iiriil.iiwii
fiimUy. whloh lum mndo huso fortuni**-*	
...       . .      , .      i   11 i hh nii'rniri' «il **iirily ili^trny tin* nwv m .men
"i'l nl (liN mlno mid othor mlno liolil* I „,„■, ,,,,„,,',,, )y .|..im.n tn,, \.i,i.ii. ...i*™ wiu-n
iiu'ri        li'iiinl.iiivii   lh_>  (iili-lniil  owner  ' !• iI-twiJ  ii   llirwull   llm   iiiwmiw   -.urlinrn,    mull
IUKH.      rillilKli.-tli, iiii   cnil.111111 nwiiiji,    „„.„,„ M|lll||,j h,.v„r •„, ,,„.,* ,..(,,1,1 ,,n  |)ii>_rfi|>.
In HOW   ileilll.       lift* HOII  leiUlH llll  OHHy ' .mm (nun ■viiuuliln lililHlrl.iMii. nil III" ilinnnlii) tlic-y
, ,   ,       , . '   .Ill .1,1 Ii l*,*i  fold til fill' .'iuul  J'"I I'.»  J-■"•■■IlilV ll.'*
I lllf, Olljiiyilim; tlio  woilllll  lliu  IIIIIIVI'N   ttv„ ,r„m ,i„,m.   n ,\\-* r*ni»rrii riin>. inuiiutai-liit-il
,1Il.    I'm     l.lin The    nwi_,t    lllllint'llllit    ■>> r* •  f'<'"''"f * *"" ■ Tnl.-.l.i, II , run is Inn tinfinT-
i HIV.    IIH     hllll. 1110    IllOnl    llll|»il lillll.    (»       ,.„|(, t„|.„n  Inlr.rnilli'.  nrllMir illn*--lly lipi.n
lllllll.   I.ll<y\-,li   tlllOHt   llllll   gOllOrillly   IH I tlm l.lmil unii tmini-w mlKiinii lit Hi*. nynU-in.    In
.i.i ii   ** ft ii.iu r   .. ..   a„„ lulling   II _ll'a>  1-m.inli  Oiiri'  lm  kiim-   you Kit  llu*
tlllll  lio 1**111*1  $.i0,00l_  nil* ll  dog, I ,,,,,'m,,*.,   n |. T_-t.i-.ii Inli-miilly. nml miiiti< In TiilfUn,
\n't, in  l*.|i nilli-1 ff-n'ii  Tokvo    nnil ■ oiii",'iv <'• *•• tllM"'V * ('"-   Ti'*>tiiii'iiiini» Inr.
,tiio in  i.," nun n mo. n   Min-.il    iiiii      ^,rf,i i,w (irtiituuit.  niir. ?r _*. imi UMUu
flfloon iiiIIoh Irmn NI1.I.O Tomple, fig*      'infca iiaii-r. l'nmlly riiw l«r c«ii _lt*«itlun.
piece of the working class and so I
would' be much obliged if you will
allow ihe^ space In its columns to
cal the attention "more especially to
the fire bosses along the Crow's Nest
Pass from Fernie to see If some steps
cannot be taken towards,an improvement of the condition
Tho mine workers have tho U. M. W,
of A. to back-up their demands; .the
coal operators'have their associations
for mutual benefit, but the fire bosses
aro between the Devil and the deep
sea. On the one hand we have to be.
the flick of the lash to * tho men, and
on the other we nre not only subject
to tho lash from,tho taskmasters over
us, but also under the eye of the law,
so that anybody who knows anything
at all about coal mining must acknowledge! that our position is a most unenviable one When tho mines are
idle wo aro supposed to bo Jacks of
all trades—to do mnnunl lnbor, mechanical ' work, clean out ditches, attend to tne pumps, dig coal and timbering, and all this at our own risk.
If wo got hurt or klllod whilo performing manual labor thoro Ib no,compensation' for us or ours. Tho Alborta Compensation Act rends that nny
man that does not perform manual lnbor ln receipt of 1200 dollars a yonr
Ib not ontltlod to' compensation. In
somo mlnos the pay la $100 n months,
nnd In others $105, just enough to
| keep us from bolng enlltlod to rocolvo
j compensation
I    Now, ono of Iho mnln reasons why
'I nm writing ihls lottor Is lo„spo If
i wo cannot oatnbllHli notno kind of nn
association  of fire bosses     between
Fornio and Lothbrldgo for our mutual
[liulp nml piolt-ctloii.    Tho plnn I aug-
jgost to do thlH Ih:     Fix upon somo
'ronlrnl plnco. sny Frnnk or Colomnn,
; or nny othor convenient plnco,   nml
I If llioro nro tliroo flrobosfloH In n mlno
i lot ono of thoflo bo Holed oil by tho
lolhors, to como as rcpronontntlvo with
iloitoro of proxy from uio others enn-
ialning any suggestions tlmt thoy think
would bo useful; nnd onco thoroughly
orgnnlzoil lu n short  tlmo wo could
romody uomo,  If not  nil, tlio ninny
gi-IovnnroH wo suffer from,   Now, follow workorH, lot iih go nt this In llio
right Hpirlt—oncli for nil nnd nil for
oni'h, iih UiIh Ih tho only wny wo run
e*M .u.t lo get ourjiiM, dues.
i    There nro n number of mntlorutlint
cnn bo tnkon up.'   Wo know tliut tho
position or a firoboss who ninkes truo
ropoi'lH nbout llio exlHtliig.coiulltloiiH
Is nol likely to hold his Job vory long,
nnd nil hough ho many not bo fired
apparently becauso of Ills roporth, as
Unit wouiii not no, it M nu c-ii*<.v liml-
li.:  itt ....'.;.U- til) i-xi-wo loi   iib tbura
Ini.' a ihiiii. nlthough the ronl roniion
ror doing ho Is kept in tho background.
TIiIh four of loilng our Jobs, ns wo
hnvo families dependent upon ub for
l-rend nml biitf-ftr. enn bo dono away
ivJUi Jf ivo will but stflnd together, iifirt
we owe It to oursolvos, our lovon" onos
ns well ns our follow workors, to   do
We do not want anything but what
Ih fnlr mid just which wo cannot got
If we stand alono, but tf vo pull together [ia a unitod body for defence
nnt deflanro wo may compel tho com-
imiiW'!. in ilvo up io the full MXm of
tho law am! at the tamo time greatly
decre*-!**© the percentage of accident*.
It Is all very well to make laws for the
protection of the men in the mines,
but what use are they if not carried
out, they might just as well save the
time, and trouble of printing them If
he government of Alberta really wants
to have the laws put into force instead of being used for a bluff, and
then if found broken the most of the.
blame falls on the back of the poor
fire boss, they ought to,, be willing to
see that every help is given to tlje
men that are "really trying- to obey the
regulations, but at "present are "rough
locked" by the managements of the
different ..mines, by the song of* the
English sparrow. "Cheep! Cheep!"
the" subject among  yourselves,    but
don't dilly, dally too long, as the sooner
we have an association formed the
better It will be for all concerned, and
there's one - thing sure, if we - don't
make an effort on° our own; behalf
nobody'else, will, and'I am sure that
there Is > large number who feel on
this subject just the' same as the
writer of this, who signs himself what
he is,
*     * A FIRE BOSS
Veterlnary^Surgeon ,
promptly made, day or
and satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
P. O. Box. 1126
Phone 882
325, Fifth Avenue, W. °
Burmis, Alta., Feb. 9th;
The Editor /'District Ledger," Fernie.
Dear Sir,—A largo and representative body met at tho Imperial Hotel,
Frank, on Wednesday, Geb. 8th, at
tho Inauguration meeting of the Albertn Mino Managers*!! Association.
The officers elected wero W. P. Williams, Esq., manager of tho Lillo
Mines, president; W. A. Davidson,
Esq,, manager of tho Coleman Mines,
vice-president; S. Shono, Esq,, manager of tho Frnnk Mlno, Socrotary-
The district embraced by this association lnclud08 tho wholo of Albert a
and throughout (ho Crow's Nest Pass
up to and Including Fernio, B. C.
„This association, llko others of Us
kind, wll tako nn nctlvo part ln Invcs-
tlgntlng nnythlng that tends to affoct
tho safo and efficient working of mining proportles undor varying conditions and encourage a frco interchange
of Ideas on mining topics.
Yours truly,
R. 13.  STEVEN'S,
Soc. pro torn
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management.
First class table  board
Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00
Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson, Dining Room Mgr ■
On first class
business and residential property.
Bar Unexcelled;
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*-♦♦♦♦♦
| Fernie Dairy
Tho Kditor "District Lodgor,",
Denr Sir,—I hnvo ofton wondorod
how long vncclnntlon would find favor with tho modlcnl profession If thoy
woro forced to vnceliinlo for nothing
nnd compelled to nttond tlio patient In
tlio ovont of complications ror lho
snmo munificent foo?
The, Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading Commercial
■   and Tourist- House
S. F. WALLACE, Prop.
Chartered Accountant, Assignee, Llc**.
uldator and Trustee; auditor tc
ihe Cities of Calgary and Fernie.
P,  O, Box 308,
parts of the town
Snnders A Vcrhnest Brothers.
H. H. Depew
P, O. BOX -123.
*#>♦•♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦•»♦
LII tlo hy little lho hurenucrntH of tho
poKtnl nyHtcm nro ronchlng out for now
worldn of thought to conquer nnd nup*
jinshs. They hugan wltli salacious lit-
ewtnrc, Ihoy mlvnnecd to JottorloB.nnd
frnud, thoy hnvo oxporlmoniod with nn*
nrchlBin f.ud Hoplnllnm. To their op*
(.rnttoiti. In thi'iio roHiiocls wo lmvo
cnllod attention ropontodly nnd.sounded wurnlngn thnt tho end wiih not yet;
hut wo hnvo novor oxpoctod bo cnndld
ii Htnteiaeiii ns tint* \*,(iicu we uiiu
tin;] J.'j ,3jc .Ven* Yw_. Tj_-uiu- id 7:ui\\
nry Rtli lii«l. In nu extended nrtlelo on
pOHtnl InnpoctorH:
Kot overy hook Ih taken from tho
nmlls hocniiBo It Ib Improper, how.
ever.   Often lt. -stirs up dangcroiiH
public pcntlnicnt.    An olllclnl win?
refimed to ho quoted nnld thnt "If
somebody lind hnd tho fflrothouRht
to expel 'Undo Tom's Cabin* thoro
might not hnvo beon nny Civil War."
Postal censorship ban not been limited to tho U. 8. n» our Cnnndlnn nuth-
orltle* INkiwUci hnvo pmctlHG-l tho iirt
upon "Cotlon'K Wwskly," nnd latterly
upon "Tlui CuuadUiu CoOiM'tiUu."
Imitation I* the uliicerott form   of
Lizard Loe'al General Teitmitera No.
141. Meets ovory Frldny night nt
8 p. m. Minors' union hnll, 3.
JnckHon, ProHhlont; li. Mnruhain,
Recording Som-tary.
Bartender*' Local No. 814: Moota 2nd
itiiu tin summy*. «i -i,.>v iM-i. tn-ijt-
\:,ry J. A. Ccujim, Wnlflnrf HoloV
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
i'or Saie
Gladstone Local No, 2314 U. M. W. A.
Mcola 2'ul nnd ■1th Thursday Minora
Union hnll.    D. Kom, So.-,,
J*ptrtxe*e: Comrade.
iif.*w* *n»K. J» *«P*t}*****& tHflgettx •i_»,'IUf Ty* »M ni*» in m_m to
Mil at hnnin. XxiUn tnr Itiiyi l.ltt, 11»t»'*tTW|v.*t, f,Mt*fln_r Trnp.. unit »t<«it onr
»»». »nA*t<mmir
  .       . rdimiiillt *t*
e*m»Mm*. 0**uA*%**.*>*nf.**4X*l»rr****m—
.  n*,-■**
*M,Q*ci*.lmin*n***».*. e*mailM*a.nfl-f*,titm.4.t*t*t*-»ii*. l_ii.HAf_*if.kf««**%-p-iir4--i.Mi*n* AH
thn_ im****.*"****-* Mm, tXmirt, Tnp*. e*m» ttm*. l4*u4tVmUlnf.ulblrr«t.li_»
•mmt*iXr**+mt, _»«• nmu frrtu****. **»«.M Itmmt.mtn %l HV ■*4Mtm«4t*w
|«__|B/V/I $rto*-   l^a*AI*tl.Mt**-l**tl>U*tr*at1^H**'K*)4ULI*AI*.tX.at***mtn'#.   »t.£f*4«
fclWM<rMI»H»l«4>«_l_)_Mll|WC   i»lMtt_*lt«>,_**IHt  *I     aim
Typographical Union No. 555* Moota
Inst Snturdny In ench month at tho
Ledger Offlco, A. J. Iluckloy, Bee*
Local remit Uo, 17 3. P. of C. Meets
in Minors Union Hall overy Sunday
a'. T.15 p.m. Everybody welcome, D.
Paton, Hec-r6tary*-Trefi«urer.
Amalgamated Society Carptntera and
Joiners:—Moot In Minors Hall ovory
al(«rtiate Thursday at 3 o'clock, A.
WmiI. awctary. r. O. S-37.
United Drotherhood of Carpenters snd
Jcintrt^-I-ocal 111*. D. J. Ev-t&s,
rrosldent; P. H. Shaw. Stcretary.
WM.     BARTON  l-
i •
North .
Afr«nt   Vornle   Hmneh
Pellatt    Ave. ■."' -j, yp\\<.H
The Week's News for
Our Foreign Brothers
7   V statnom sudobnom dome
vdbivanom  v   Pondelek dna7
16hl- Januara , 1911,   Pompei,."
Cheilll • bol dosnani o krades
miner v. Coal Creek a odsu-,
.,denl na 3 mesace zalarii tvidy
prace., *••>" **>      7 .,'        _, '
;, Nella corte provincial di
Fernie Gennalo* 16, 1911, fu
arrestato"' Pompei Cheilll,1 per
II latronigglo del carrl del
mlnatorl, a No...5 e No. 1
Nordo. mlna. Coal Creek: II
-quale fu condannato a tre
mesi dl lavoro forsato.
In the Provincial Court held
at Fernie on Monday," Jan.-16,
,1911, Pompei Cheilll was convicted of the theft of miners'
cars' at No. 5 and No.' 1 north
mines, Coal Creek, and sen-.,
fenced to three months' Imprisonment with' hard labor., ..'
Crow's   Nest   Pass  Coal   Co.
"**-■- .. —- ^ -*-**-*»--*-____i__l____i_ff_____i ___■_______,
La convention annuelle des mineurs
qui s'est cloturee le ler fevrier marqu-
. era dans les annates de cette organisa-
,: ,tion qui,' en devenant majeure (c'etait
; son 21e anniversarie) s'est montree au
, nombre des plus avancees faisant encore partie de la Federation Ameri-
:, calne du Travail.
La Federation Civique, cette honteu-
7 se et malpropre coalition d'explolteurs
■ et de sol-distant representants d'ex-
' ploltes fut souvent sur le tapis durant
la convention et peu nombreux. furent
les d61<§gu£s qui, eurent le courage de
la defendre ou. d'excuser son oeuvre
ndfaste. L'Unlon des mineurs com-
prend et a hautement proclaims'qu'un
loup,   meme   revetu   d'une   peau   de
* mouton, est toujours un loup et qu'll
n'existe aucune identite d'int6rets entre
' les exploiteurs et les exploites.
Les declarations du president Lewis
qu'il allait. reprendre ie pic au lieu de
. yendre ses connaissances aux ennemls
v.- de la classe ouvriere est une admission
indeniable de la lutte des classes et,
.' -venant'du chef de l'Unlon _une_condam-_
" nation nette et clalre de la politique et
des doctrines pronees jusqu'ici par le
journal officlel qui louangeait.au lieu
., de* fustiger les off iciers ."de ; l'Unlon
qui acceptalent des positions lucratlyes
„ dans le camp enneml, • ■
II y a de nombreuses'annees que le
rddacteur de l'Unlon des Travailleurs
■ a mis le dolgt sur cette plnle, monlrant
Ie peu de principes des gens qui, ayant
obtenu leur "education aux frais des
ouvriers, la vendaient ensulte, aux patrons. .Aussi, c'est avec un plaisli* sensible que nous avons lu'(mieux vaut
tard que jamais) *. qu'un' president, <le
l'Uhion des mineurs, proclamait qu'il
ne copimeltrait pas la meme faute que
ses predecesseurs et condamnait ainsi
avec nous les centaines d'ex-of fleers
de l'Unlon des mineurs ou d'atres unions, qui ne quittaient les ouvriers que
pour enterer au service des patrons.
En adoptant un amendement a la
constitution qui va obliger Mitchell a
choisir entre l'Unlon des mineurs et la
Federation Civique les delegues se se-
raient montres plus avances oii plus
radicaux que la masse des ouvriers
mineurs si cet amendement etait en-
tirement du au dSslr de, condamner
nettement la F-M-Sration Civique'. Mais
ce n'est pas Ie cas. Allies aux socialistes et aux delegues avances, se trou-
vaient un nombre considerable de dele
gues partisans de Toin Lewis^ qui n'a
vaient pas tant en vue la Federation
Civique que Mitchell, personnellenient.
' II est vral que du cote oppose il se
trouvait aussi des "digues qui, aura-
lent vote contre la Federation Civique,
mais"ne le firent pas conslderant ce
vote une,comme condamnation de leur
ami Michell. Dans ce nombre se trou-
ve. par exe'mple, Walker, le' president
des mineurs de 1'llllnois qui a sacrifte
ses principes—s'il en a—a son amltie
pour Mitchell et" les mineurs de 1'Illin-
oi3 feront bien de se rappeler de ceci
et de ne pas trop se tier a un tel homme.'-. * ■ " y ''. " '** \
Mais si vraiment la majo'rite des delegues etait opposee a la Federation
Civique et a John Mitchell, alors ils
n'ont guere represent-5 les,sentiments
des mineurs en general. Et a ce
propos 11 est utile de falre remarquer
aux camarades impatients qui accu-
sent parfois ceux-qui ont un mandat,
que ce soit un mandat de delegu<5 ou
un mandat de deputi§, de ne pas aller
suffisamment de l'avanf, de he pas passer 'des,mesures" assez radlcales, qu'il
est impossible d'aller beaucoup plus
viteque la masse a moins que 1'aban-
donner a elle^meme, un tort qu'ont eu
bien souvent, des gens plus enthousi-
astes que senses.
Peu avant la convention,., les, mineurs, au nombre de 134,000 ou plus,
avaient endosse John. Mitchell l'elisant
leur deiegue a la convention annuelle
de la Federation et II est peu probable
que la decision, de la -convention
change 'instantanement i'admiration de
,ces_gens,pQur_!eur— anclen-prdsldent—
SI les mineurs n'avalent pas reelu
John Mitchell ,et que les delegues eu-
ssent manqud d'adopter une resolution
Iui donnant a choisir entre la Federation Civique et l'Unlon ceux-ci aural-
ent* mal represents les sentiments de
ceux qui les payalent.
,  Si l'on veut done juger* les ehoses
d'une facon impartlale ne dolt on pas
dire aussi que les delegues- ont mal represent., les mineurs en'mettant pour,
ainsi dire hors de ^'organisation * un
homme auquel ils venaientde donner
un vote de confiance. presque le double
de. voix accordees a tout-autre candidal * -," 7-"*. ■'- "
- 'II ixe faut pas faire l'erreur de croire
que Mitchell et ses amis ne sentent pas
qu'ils ont derriere eux une force avec
laquelle leurs enneniis auront a compter. Les mineurs'qui ont encore con-
fiance eh. Mitchell vont protester, cela
est certain et ici il est bon d'ajouter
que les revolution's, qui, viennent 4'en
haut ne sont pas souvent sans avoir
leur reaction, et, pour "qu'un* chahg-
ement ait une valeur reelle il _aut qu'il
vlenne d'en-bas.        .'   " . ~'° '"■
On ne peut faire- la liberte d'un
homme "qui veut a tout: prix rester
esclave. On ne peut faire cesser l'ad-
oration des saints en . brisant quelques images, on ne peut demolissant
quelques eglises et on ne peut deracl-
ner le royalisme eh tuantun roi, pas
plus qii'on peut abollr le regime capitaliste  en tuant quelques millionaires.
Non, pour qu'un changement, pour
qu'une revolution ait de la valeur et
pulsse etre durable, il faut quelle se
fasse d'abord dans la tete des masses
populaires. Et bien que les decisions
progressives de 1'Union des Mineurs
nous fassent* grand plalslr, nous n'av-
ohs que tres peu de confiance dans
le3 134,000 ouvriers mineurs qui ont
vote en faveur de Mitchell un homme
qui recoit un salalre de $6,500 par an,
paye par les plus hypocrites voleurs
du pays. " "'      '  '',
Les deleguds qui corhprennent 1'oeu-
vre nefaste de la Federation Civique
ont du travail a accomplir—1'educatlon
des 134,000 inconsients qui semblent
comprendre si mal leurs propres interets. ■'
Mals, apres tout, la convention des
mineurs a marque de commencement
d'une ere nouvelle pour'le mouvement
ouvrier et sera une source a tous ceux
qui veulent Emancipation de la classe
ouvriere.—Louis Goaziou.
liarvi del.forzato prodotto delle vostre
fatiche?        .    "   ,
Voi spargete semehti ed altri miete;
voi producete ricchezzo ed altri le
possiede; voi tessete le vesti ed altri
Je indossa. voi fabbricate arml per le
mani degli altri.'
Seminate ma non lasciate. rassogli-
ere dagli oppressor!! ' Produce te ric-
chezze, ma non le.accumuli lo impos-
tore! ' Tessete vesti ma -non 11 in-
dossi l'ozioso! Fabbricate le arm!
ma per imbrandirle voi stessi!
Rintanatevi nel vostri sotteranei,
nelle taverne, nelle stamberghe; i pal-
azzi che fabbricate sono abitati da altn! Vol portate.le catene che voi
stessi fabbricate! Guardate . . ., 1'-
acciaio che tempraste brllla minaccio-
so sul vostro capo. '
Con l'aratro e con.la zappa o col
telalo scavatevl la fossa, fabbrlcateyl
la tomba, tessete il vostro lenzuolo
funebre e che la splendida terra dlven-
tl il vostro clmltero.—II Lavoratoro
Italiano. ,''"''-
Cure   Backache, Bladder
and Kidney Troubles   .
A-few" doses of FIG PILLS will con-
vlnce you that a few move will "-cure
you. Every box of "FIG PILLS is
guaranteed. , If they do not cure all
Bladder, Kidney, Rheumatism and Liver Trouble your money -will be refunded '   , -. •   ,     " "
25c. a box at all leading drug stores,
or mailed on receipt of price by The
Fig Pill Co., St. Thomas, Ont.
Ao High   Class   Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
R* FAIRCLOUGH, Proprietor
Co Je u nas moing.—Na§l clenarl a
veSkera Ceska verejnost   zajiste   ma
je§te v pametl pripad hornika Josefa
Doudy, kter*<> se lonskeho roka u CouSe
propadl.do zeme poddolovane a tam
zahynul.     Pracbval u Mostecke spole-
Cnostl na dole ..Mathilda" pres dvacet
rokfi a ro.51 pronajaty od zavodu za le-.
ynejSi snad'peniz kousek pole na nebez
pecnycli tech mlstech, ktere jsou pod-
dolovany a ktere pro nebezpeci propad-
nuti die predplsfl hornopolicejnich v2dy
maji byti ohraZeny.    Jak sprava dolu
techto narizeni dba, vysvita z toho, ie
ani ten kousek tak/nebezpecne p&dy
nenecha   ■ nezuzitkbvanou     lezete   a
horni.cflm     ji ' pronajima.      Hornlk
Josef*   Duda ' se    ubiral   'pa    §ichte
na   sve , poliCko    a*    tam"   zaplatil
vyderadho'st uhlobaronu Jivotem; pro-
padl - se a dodnes mrtvola jeho nale-
zent nebyla.     Byly cineny z pocatku
pokusy o vyprostenl jeho mrtvoly, ale
byly tyto prace Pra&skym hornim hejt-
manstvlm zakazany, jakoito nebezpe5-
ne, ponevad2 te doby pfida byla je§t§ v
pohybu.    Od te doby uplynul,vlce neZ
rok a nckollv se zeme jlZ usadlla, 2ad-
nf se vice o to nestara.   A nyni, svete
2asnl!    Pozfltala vdova s devema dlt-
kami 2alovala mosteckou spoleCnost a
byla se svymi naroky odmrfitSna'z tech
duvodu 2e prj* jeji muiS jako stary
hornik tam nemSl chodit, kdyZ vgd61,
io   je to tam nebezpefine.     Na jedne
strane tedy Mostecka spoleCnost pronajima pudu na tak nebezpecn*ych mlstech a zcela klldne shrnbuje zisk z toho
plynoucl a kdy2 se tnm najemel pri-
hodl uraz, pak jej odmrfitl z dflvodfl, ie
tam nemn co delat, kdy2 je to nebezpefine.    Zafi pak tody chce najemne?
Cl snad tnm mn najemco snzot a do-,
b*yvnt brnrabory z bnlonu, nby so mu
nlc   neprlhodllo?      A   cog   homlmu
urndu nonl nlc znnmo o torn, io zo
zlskuchtlvostl 1 tuto tnk nebezpofinou
pf.au clico spolefinost vyuZItl, nnlz by
zii moJny tnm uraa provznla zodpovCd-
nost?    Tnkova je znsnda lirablvd spo-
lofinostl;    Dudomo   vnm, hnvlrl   dnle
pronnjlmnt pfldu na mistook poddolovn-
nj*ch, nby nozflBtnln Indom loJotl, b
klldn*ym socdomlnn budomo or vns brnt
ponlze, nlo stnne-H ne vam tnm noco,
nn nns nolozto.'     Ilornl uriidy narl*
zujl, io na talc nobozpecn^ch mlstech
nomato co dfllat, obzvlafitfi vy, stnrl,
zkufionl hornici,"    Nov6rlmo vBak, 2o
by takovyrnto zpflsobem zaleXltoat ona
m61a svou dohru, 2o tnk anndno by ho
uhlobaron zprostll bvo zodpovfidnoBtl,
nobof prlpnd Jest prills krlklnv?,   7m-
tupco proznBtnld vdovy podnl protl roz-
sudku    odvolnnl   a    budo    bo    II*
Conl o teto pri kontitl due 20. znrl t. r. u
vrchnlho zomskoho Boudu v Prnzo.   O
vyslodku ncopomenonio nnfio fitonnre
zprnvltl,~„Hornlck'0 Llflty,"
List of Locals District 18
Corroded by District fleor etnry up to Novombor 10, 1010.
Ilnnkhond ,. ,,   V, Whontloy, Ilnnkhond Altn,
Ilonver Creole ,. \V. Wntson, Hcnvor Creok, via Plnchor.
IiJ/.<.iuv     J. Lu.kv, iiuiiu.uu, _ri«il)(, Adti,
Blnlrujorc. Juiucn TuialM )■!, -Ujiiciuvnv, AJUria.
Burmis     Tliomns Gregory, Durmls, Alta,
C«nmor«   J. Nell, Cunmore, Alta,
Colomnn    W. Grnlitun, Colemnn, Alta,
Carbondalo  Q.  M, Davloa, Carhondnlo,  Colemnn, Alta.
Cardiff   h. Hiiclclns, Cardiff, Alia.
Corbin  11. Jones, Corbin, 11, C,
Diamond City ,. Chnrlos Orbnu, Diamond City,   Lctbrlilpo.
Edmonton    M. Bonic, 434 Lorno Direct, Norwood. Kdmonton,
Fornio ,,,....,. D. Roos, Fornio, D, C.
Kranki..'  D. Nicol, Frank, Alta.
Honmor ........ J. Ayro, Mourner. 1). C.
lllllrrrnt    f.   .*. Jon*>*», Vllloront, Min.
IaoDiIii'Mkc ..... L.    Moore,    P.O.    Uox    113,  Uth bridge.
Ulio  W. h. Evans, Mil*", Frank. Alta.
Mnplo ha*t .... M. Clldny,  Mnpl-n I^nf,  nollovuo, Alln.
Michel   M. nurrell, Mlctifl, 11. C,
!>a*.«burg   Jan. Davit**, P***l)ur*r, AllvctrD-ft,
Iloyal Colllorloa. Jnmou McKlnlcy. Iloyal Collli»ry, IMbbtidxo, Alta,
Tnbor  Willinm mnnoll, Tnher, Alta.
Taber     B. Drown, Taber. Alia,
Monnrrli  Vino,   .   II. W. W'alhlnn. Klr-nii, Altn.
O uomini dl tutta In torrn, porclio
nrnto vol por I Hlgnorl oho vl tongono I
plodl bu) collo? porclio loRBoto cun fut*
lea o con nffnnno »plondldo voatl por
I voatrl tlrnnnl?
Porcho ntitrito o voBtlto o dlfondoto
dalla nnaclta niln morto -quesll fruttl
Ingrntl cho succlilnno 11 vostro sud*
oro o liorroliboro 11 vostro HniiKiio?
Porclio vol, npl dol mondo, fnhbrl*
cnto tnnto nrml, cntono, Btnfflll, cho
dnnno la forzn n questi fuchl dl spoR*
The Children's Hair
A 1.lt*l<» irvtr** Ctr* M*?'"  ?■!:.••  -z\'C
After Yrnrs of Ht^n-t
Children flu}' t-o li.lld Umi tlm I.taj
periptros and tlie Imlr Iium u U.ihIiuio*/
h. m»t flri.l k<1 etiiHy ust t'lio acu![>,
Bonp ttii'l watnp rtomm't nciin to ro-
mi.v<_ it, but. tlio hair munt hioniho
to tm lii-iilthy.   Just try Nynl's Illi*»u-
tnni*.    ttnli If 1n'n thn r'iot» >.' >i.-   ' -.'-
wnn iln. i.iiiIm ol tho lUinin'H. Thu
chllitrcjn like il nnt) wll) u*k you to
urn* It. Illrnulone loo-nrnt m* iht- nc-
cumulated -Juki miJ p(irx(,trnilnri iiml
tlio lmttr nml Ncnl|> van tli-.n du itmtty
and tliorniitfhly ct(<nnui1, Aftm It ih
ilrliHl (,'U'p (Uiothor »j)|.llrfil|on of Hlr-
nuiotti!, Afler y«ti lmv« uikhX It for
K -ivhllc; .vim will i-iilmlt It In tilt* lir-tt
y-<tu  imv.   fvur i!M*.t     Vmir Nyni finiff
V',.,:,-  v, .11   .•!.<> ,'i*..' ,.*     ...in-  lli.tiu-
lulin tu Uu I'll III,II   !'  i-inlllli*(t  for tl.
For Hnlf* nnd  Gunrnnlooii  hy
The great labor demonstration took
place in Denver on February 2nd,
which served notice on Judge Whitford that labor was no longer asleep
or Indifferent to the mandates of courts
that hurl members of-organized labor
into jail because they refuse.to throw
away the last vestige of their manhood "and independence and bow in
mute submission to the arrogant will
of cold-bboded, heartless crporations.
Fully 12,000 people participated in
the parade and. marched through the
principal streets of Denver.
.'* The 12,000 men and women in the
parade called at the Capitol building,
in order that a legislative body which
is now in session, might realize that
the men of brawn and bone are no
longer on'their knees but standing on
their feet to'insist that justice shall
. The parade ended at the Auditorium
and 'almost an hour elapsed ere the
vast audience was seated.
Fully 10,000 people crowded into the
vast edifice to hear the speakers who
had been selected to voice their sentiments against government by Injunction and the brutal sentences that had
been imposed by. a judicial Caesar on
sixteen coal miners who refused to become* slaves to the despotism of the
coal-barons of Colorado;
The mass meeting was adressed by
ex-Governor, Charles S. Thomas, E. S.
McCulIoch,, formerly vice-president of
the United Mine Workers of America,
"Mother? Jones and John M. O'Neill,
the editor of the Miners' Magazine.'
The speeches were of that ringing
character;that brought thunders of applause and if the feelings of the peo-
asm" displayed, Czarism in the judiciary, of Colorado will be halted.
At the* close of the speaking, the
following resolutions were adopted by
a-Tislng vote of the vast audience:
.'Whereas, iJudge Greeley W. Whitford of the District Court has seen
fit to throw into jail and sentence to
one year, in prison, .without, due process of law, sixteen union coal miners
for an alleged contempt of the "said
court, this judge acting not only as
a judge, but prosecutor and jury, as
well, thereby ellmlnatnlg a constitutional right that our forefathers fought
bled' and died to protect; and .
"Whereas, Wo realize tho fact that
judges are nothing moro than human,
like the rest of us, nnd should be notified that the created can never become greater than the creator, and,
further, under our form of govornment
those who derive, their Just powers
from tho consent of llio'governed, and
wo realize that no judge "Jb Infallible
but is liable to err and mnko mlstnkos;
therefore bo It
"Resolved,  thnt  wo,  tho  Colorado
Anti-Injunction Loaguo, condomn such'
decision ns unjust unreasonable and
most outrageous, and we deploro tho
fnct thnt the stnto has   within   its
borders, and most especially upon tho
judicial bench, clothed    with   powor
authority such a merciless expounder
of justlco, whoso actions on tho bonch
and  olflowhero havo a tendency to
bring tho judlclnry beneath tho contempt of tho peoplo, and bo It further.
"Resolved, that we renllzo tho   fact_
that doclslons of thlu kind aro calculated to, bring our courts Inlo 111-ro-
puto and causo tho disrespect of our
bout nnd most law-abiding citizens,
Wo uiulen.U-.iNl thnt tho courts   ,of
law can no longor bo recognized   ns
temples of juntlco whon auch outrages
aro porpotrated within thoir walls by
somo chattels who happen to bo sitting
Mt tho judicial honch and acting In tho
nnmo of law nnd ordor,    Lot us romombor nntl novor forgot thnt eternal vlgllanco   Ih tho prlco of liberty.
Thoroforo tho workers Bhould awaken
to thoir powor and ntrong.li, rlso up
In tliolr might and dothrono this nu*
tocrat who posos nnd parados in tho
ruIso of truth, virtue and justlco, Lot
us unfurl our banner to tho hroozo of
Industrial liberty,-1 hereby proving to
tho world that wo aro tho worthy
sons of a *noblo sire; und bo lt further
"RoHolvcd, That wo consldor It an
unpardonable crimo In lho sight of Almighty (Iod to sit Idly by nnd nccopl
uii'lucHttomibly the ol'l'lclal actlonu and
decisions of judges who namimo Hint
.    By John D.
Gilbert Lewis Campbell,, of Chicago, has published through Houghton, Mifflin and Co., his 'Industrial
Accidents and Their Compensation for
1904 and 1905." in which he shows',
that, of,the men employed on tho railways in the United Kingdom, one
worker in each 1,427 is killed annually, In the United States we kill one
iu every ,414. In Great Britain, for
the same years, one men was injured
anually out of every 150. We maln-
ed or crippled one in 29.
Prussia kills one coal miner in
every 520 .every year, while Austria
has a record of one ln every 1,307. In
Illinois'and Pennsylvania the chances
are one in 323. In Great" Britain the
rate is one in 786.   ,
The author shows that Ih 1907 tn
Allegheny county, Pa., no month
killed less than thirty-five people In
their industries.
Only sixty-four .working days of
the year were exempted from killing
a worker. Accidents exceeded 2,000
—enough, as the author states, to
make a city full of cripples In ten
years. Mr. Campbell, declares: "We
challenge the, world at the manufacture of orphans."
The book should be in the hands
of every thoughtful , workingman.
Every active trade unionist, every Socialist should have it at his elbow.
The question is a very important one.
Mr. ^ Campbell's ' book throws a great
light on the all-absorbing subject.
Bank of Hamilton
Capital Paid Up   .    .     .    .
Reserve and Undivided Profit*
Total Assets
Over $40,000,000
Savings Bank Department at all Branches.
J. R. LAWRY, Agent
* ■ ' ■ ■ * a
Notice is hereby given that a dividend at the rate
of SIX PER CENT per annum has been declared ,
upon the paid-up Capital Stock of The Home Bank
of Canada for the three, months ending 28th February, 1911, and the same will be payable at the Head
Office or any Branches of The Home Bank of Canada on arid after the ist March next; *,
The Transfer Books will be closed from the 15th to
the 28th February, 1911, both days inclusive.
By Order of the Board, JAMES MASON,
Toronto, Januaiy 18, 1911 General Manager.
JOHN ADAIR, Manager> Feruie
OTTAWA, Feb.* _3.—The monthly
census for January says that values
and wages in Canada make a good record for 1910. The total value of
live stock on the farms is $593,7G8.000,
which is $34,979,000 more than in
1909. The price per head of horses
if $132.50 as against $130.72 in 1909,
of milch cows 42.60 against $36.36, of
other cattle $30.90 against $28.81,; and
of .shoep $6 against $5.89. _. Swine
being $11.30 per head against $11.80.
The total value of horses Ss $293,398,-
000 for last year against $278,789,000
for 1909, of miieli.cow's $121,613,000
against $103,601,000, of other cattle
$131,781,000 against $126,326,000, and
of sheep $15,819,000 against $15,735,000
Tlie value of swine however fell from
$34,368,000 in 1909 to $31,157,000 in
The highest average price of horses
was In Saskatchewan, of milch cows,
other horned cattle and sheep in Ontario, and of swine In Quebec. Horses
three years old''an dovor reached the
highest price In British Columbia,
where the average was $225. Swine
per' 100 lb live weight ranged from
$6.50 ln Manitoba ,to. $9.62 In Quebec
Tho price of unwashed wool was 18
cents In 1910, and 17, cents ln 1909,
and of washe dwool 24 cents for oach
Tho average valuo of occuplod farm
lnnd In tho Dominion wns $31.45 por
aero, or 15 conts loss thnn for lho previous year. , It was tho hlghost In
British Columbln, whoro tho cost of
clearing Is heavy nnd tho land is
largely occupied for fruit growing—
tho - avorago being $74 por aero, or
56 conts por aero more thnn in tho
provlous year. Ontario comes noxt
with $48 por aero, which Is $2,22 losa
than ln 1909,
Farm holp for tlio summer sonaon
shows nn nvorngo of $35.15 per month
for males ond $20.70 for fomnlofl,
countlngboard, fts compared with
$33.69 and $19.08 respectively In tho
provloiiB yoar, Mnlou hnvo nn nvorngo of $347.10 and fomnlos $209.09
por yoar, counting bonrd, as ngninst
$336,20 nnd $206.08 roBpoctlvoly for
1909. Tho hlghost prlcoH por month
In summer aro paid In SnBkntchownn,
Alborta nnd British Columbia, wlioro
llioy nro $10 nnd ovor for mnlou und
$25 and ovor for femulos, counting
honrd, Tho avorago rnto of hoard
por month ranges from $8 for mnloH
nnd $0 for fomalooH in Prlnco Kdwnrd Inland lo $20 and $17 roHpoclivo*
ly per month I nBrltlRh Columbln.
Tho raton of wngcH nnd bonrd nro
nuotod for tho farm, whoro mnloH
nro employed on the lnnd nnd fomalon
I'n * tlio hoiiBO. Thoy nm „ averageh
computed from a lnrgo number of ro-,
turns by farmors to tho Cohhub Offlco.
riih-f Officer.
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents! Furnishings
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found in such a display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, ''Imperator Hams
vand Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Saucr Kraut,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
60  YEARS'
Trade Marks
DtsiaNs   :
Copvriohts Ac.
Atirono nendlng a (ketch md dnaerlptlon mty
quftrfflr iucert«ln our opinion froo wliothor in
Invontlon is probitblf n*itqntiih[a  ConiniunlM.
•out frs*. Ulrieit naancf.tor locuriiit. WUento.
l'*tonts tnkon tfirouch Munn A & •«••■•-
ip.clal notice, without chargo, lu tbo
    .       fiBonerrc- ...
I'Atents tnkon tiirounh Munn a Co. reoelr*
itcial notice, without chargo, in tb« '    <
Scientific Jftterican.
a hindsomelr Uluitratod weakly.  Lniyixt ot_
culatlop of »nj* sclnntlflo Journal.   Turmi fur
Oinmlo. tl.75 __ Tear. Doottuio DronaliL   Sold bv
RAF,,T   I.AKK   CITY.   Utah. -- Tho 1
Htrlkn'of tlw CrfiM. tnlnf>r« nenlTnit iho*
iimy <uo coo b..<-rt-il to tio criticized,| Indoponident Conl nnd Coko Compiiny
■whr-n 11 in j*l*i-.*. Ji. i-i'L' ir'ti.u He
blind—thnl thrlr dr-olMonu nro moHt
corrupt, unjust, dlnhonoRt nnd d|flj.rnce*
ful (0 tho high offlco to which thoy
hnvo boon olovntod. Thin offico should
bo hold most nnor*'d and tho lnw nd-
.i,l»   UOX,   (IKIH'l)   'IKO      till   HI IIR'U   llllt- |
lh>. Thr- mlno 0ffM.1l.. Ii«v_. .-..IK-,!,
011 tlm nu'.ini'ItUi. for hf>lp., and Shortff ■
Krltor, with n forco of pnlloomoti l« [
now on thn Job RiinrdliiK tlio mlnos i
TlT.il   I1 he   tow   w 1 Til in Tin-   Mnn,"   <•,•••
Ono for oach everyday ailment
friiriiHTfrr-il )u tho ion- ol nil wine and j plojod by I Iin r-onipimy havo provo!;-.
ovor-KceliiK Cod to nil nllko, whothor >d n fight with tbo Ntrlkors, nnd tliftboy bo rich or poor," i-owiit  wna tlmt Tliomnn .IntkHon. n
■             doput'.  Hhorlff, wni killed, nnd ChrlH.
FORCE BIO "UNFAIR" COAL SnndbcrK. n "loyal" minor, wnn bn■!•
COMPANY TO  IMPROVE  MINE :ly wouiidod.    The Btrlko Ih the ron-ilt
  inf tbo jivstomntlo ohontltisr of tlm min-
■n.OUK.NC.1., r<__,— Ah ii romilt of (mu by 1)10 roiii-miiy, Tli'i <-«i .J«li-*-.*
tho recent visit of tho mlno lnve«tli.n-'t*ii|i*.rn hnve retninr-tl tlmt tliere \*.;i.*
tion •.uuu*.'!...;!'.*!', Dn: Culo.i.do Kiii-hii run. tint tn tho vicinity, nn.t tlo
nml Iron Co. will ultik a now slopo toistrlki-r*-* rlnlm tbnt' It was jiiiritiwiy
connect wltli the No. I nbnft at Hock-! ilfine for tl.** i-tirj-os-ft nt ill-n-reliMi.r
vnJe. ftlm emme of the poor row-lufln.. tnln-
It will npr-rAFlr-itt. nn Incline of from i orn. . The jitrlkln-? (_ree.cn tell h«»w
SOO to 00 feet In leiiBth at alMH SI1 (!>-*•>• aw <"'«-•",».-. In-. *IV nf'-fl.li.- •*?
di-nti-on. Tlm ot.j«r of thonow Mopeitlie fin**- «o il.nt thev mn-!-*** -f.t.?. f'-o
New Michel
iZicLiTiixvi c
A teacher hnd t.> en iluliii; her bent
ro lundl Into the liilii'lx of ber vl;ts-4
tbo   lueunliii!   of   tin*   -.void   "desert."
'Ho, you see. rblldieii.' sbe said, "a
10 imi.ki_.  i.it vi»»  Inr miner** "in ' in t",f* '■' Tno'nh. nut of wj.leh D,x \. „V dc'cn lit n Kirat pMre where .ir.tliln..
r-nac of nn ftpliwlon or other trouble, im sp. mi! Ji.tM.ir mfire tor tiint-der r l*i!"*|i will Rrow      .Vow,  .folninln  Toniklint.
Mules will lif niefdilb  not he /_!.._.. .-d'.I .iw.j. *•   tilm-r*.  were |i:ii.' ,i*. vi < !:' f tbm't belli.\e >mi v-en,- Il.iteiiiiuj."
to reiiuiln In the mined. 'it.nre "Vo. I 'aas, ii.,ii.e..*
"Aiid '!'> >-rni Y.nnw  v,list  a  _1c-t-ert
"Ve.*., to..*: lier; fi plnco where noth-
ll.i.-   '..ill   tlXitW."
'"That i.s tum-ii. S'nxx «Ju! me an
[:;.'r.r,,ii: y. u;,v ,>,' \Ui- «-i,\l,\'\h lienor ts."
"Dnd'H hi.nl. u.ii.ni-_"' replied
Joluniio, ;■__,>*■*. --; -v    v^'_
•■rr.yxs "
_ *i *=>i.
'■■ '*.*""''- J-ilA' ("""*: Cf",-'''V .'..*.,'• -     _■&■■■■"" '(.*-- ,,7' -.  -.'.'A**.   '-'■*",. -_.*-.*•'' -
'<•>.     "  °-   „    •-;-■-*■ ■»** t:   • -----.< ■':■    ,
'.; •'•£.'• 7*y-z* '   ^*  *-'',""-*     - '■ *,
-"**.  ,      "    '      . . '" """ 7.",.'. " •
*,-:•'.' '-     '    *"   'i*-"' *T'*,'*.i-    .    ,,■ ., .     •      *,
V; "*.";,V- _'■"..*,. ^y-^0% ,'•:■•! .v    ' "  '■■      '.    .'-.'   v"r".
=  k
i* „
*+. ♦ ♦*.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦,♦♦
-On Thursday night Lockhart's Hall
was crowded.with citizens of the cajnp
of both sexes and sizes and ages who
had come .for the purpose of an even-.
Jng's entertainment and also 'to, aid
the object of the meeting, viz;, for the
benefit of the victims "of the. terrible
disaster, at Pretoria-Mine, near Bolton,
Lanes. .-Shortly 4after", 8-o'clock the'
chairman (J. - W. -Bennett)' and, T G
Harries, stepped upon * \tbe * platform
when the, former informed the audience in a short- address'that their presence was proof of their sympathy towards the unfortunates of that fateful
2lst of December, but "so munificent
had beon the answer to the call for
funds that* the stupendous sum of
£135,000 had been subscribed and now
it was troubling,the trustees how best
to administer the money
He also stated that Coal Creek planned to have a concert similar to this
for a like purpose, but in view of existing conditions would have the concert
as scheduled but the proceeds would
be used for alleviating the distress of
worthy local sufferers
, Thanks were tendered* to all who
ha_ lent their assistance to make tho
event a success, including the musicians both vocal and instrumental, the
proprietors of the hall^who had generously donated its use free and the providers of the edibles and-drinkables.
The,following program was then ren-'
dered: New Michel Orchestra—A. Almond, violinist. T Sewell, 'cello; Tom
Jenkins, cornet; Sam Ccmnor, jr., clarinet;   Tom  Connor,  cornet—.election.
"Song, "Not Forgotten," William Tuo-
hey;   "The  Toiler,", Miss," E,  Evans;
"Never been in Lodgings Before," John
Mullen;   song,  Geo.-'Bfakeley;   zither
solo, Mat Jasbeck; selection, orchestra;   whistling  solo,  "Asleep .on the
Deep," Jos. Harper;;song, ."Asleep  on
the Deep," Alfred'Wiliams; song,   H.
Deakin; "The Song that Reached My
"/Heart," Jas. Mather;    song,   Miss.E.
E.'Evans; "By the Seaside, Flanagan,"
J. Mullen.'song. Harry Deakin; zither
solo, Mat Josbeck; "Sailing,'/ M.* Jar-
rett.     , '        ■     ...-'•-
The  program .concluded,- the  floor
was, cleared and dancing commenced
and continued until the small'hours
with an ^Interval'of, about an* hour when
liquid   a,n*<_.*,.- solid ;refresfimeriis.: were
, served. ..Those ;who'Jiaa. charge.■bf.-at
fairs are entitled tb commendation for
the, excellent-way, in-which the entire
■* program was so -thoroughly    carried
through toYttie.,fInale  .-.^    ' • ■-«•*■,-" >-.;
: Pleased^tb'-'rep'ort'* that; the 'accidqpj,
which happened to. Albert, Alien wil],
not result-' in''the loss**Qf_'b'f_|ffoot as
was feared at first* he .jn-ay, hbiyever,''
. During Maurice-Burrell's'absence at
the Lethbridge";: Convention,-_• Thos. G.
Harries is actinginiii's stead as secre-'
tary of the Local:-/'"*-, '.' 7
Tliere are all. sorts of rumors current regarding changes ih officialdom
in the near future but nothing definite
is-knoSvn. '    , •"•'
. The ambulance classes are making
splendid headway anu are ambitious"
to try conclusions with all comers;
Coal Creek preferred The class ' in
the Draeger apparatus are especially
enthusiastic and its members vie with
each other in their endeavors to improve; themselves in its manipulation.
■**■> George, the infant son of Mr and Mrs
George Wilde, aged 18 months, died on
Friday morning of anaemia and will
be buried Sunday.- The sympathy of
the community goes out to the bereaved
parents.   *     *
*   ■ -_-yy;y^:. ..   --*;'
;.By "Sweet 16.". '■*.
A fall of'rock struck twb'meh.'Mike
Osack (back- injured), and Mike Hoz-
unsky, niul'-tho''injuries'-recelved'are*of'
such a character, as io' leave, but little
hope of recovery    ,7 *   ,*
It ;is reported. that New. Michel, is
to have a new - industry, an . aerated
water factory, of. which Robt Moore
will be one of the leading, spirits.  , ,,
A. E.'l'hlpps, of Calgary, Inspector
of banks, paid an official visit to thb
two branches bf the Imperial arid left
for Cranbrook Friday morning.
+■+. + + <++■ ♦ ♦ -O* -«► ♦ ♦
♦ ■♦
♦ COLEMAN NOTES BY 22       ♦
♦•,'." .*   ,♦
♦ ♦♦*»*■-*•♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
./.special meeting of the Council was
called for the purpose of dealing, with
the question of the resignation of,
Police Constable Secretary-Treasurer
John Sargent, which after a short discussion was accepteu
The License Committee  then   submitted the application of    Mr. Hall,
recently of the N.W.M.P. as a suitable
man'to fill the duties connected there-'
with upon it becoming vacant. /'"<>
The Watch Committee reported that
Fire Chief F'Graham had requested
that he'be.relieved oi the posltlon.be'
held*-under the Council. ., A lively discussion ensued as a result of .proposed'
changes "in the individual's respective"
duties and lasted for upwards of two'
hours, the mayor's gavel being-.quite
vigorously wielded. However it was. resolved that a select committee be!appointed for the.purpose of ascertaining the best method  of segregating
the various duties of the different civic
staff in such a manner as would be to
tbe greatest benefit to the community.'
The meeting then  adjourned,', every-'
body feeling that they had enjoyed.the
opportunity' of expressing" their opinions, and although differing,-yet .were
.actuated ' by  the  best of.- Intentions,*
looking.to the town's,-welfare. -    •• ,--.
•/"■-The'I.O.O.'F. intend to'celebrate'the.
anniversary; of. the. institution of..t£e
Coleman Lodge, No.; *36/ ,by 'a*grand,
ball.*-,* The -Opera,.House* has. already'
been'secured for*the event arid'it,'.'is*
safe to say will be a success throughout. '     " ■"..*•.■       i.   ..._.,.,
St Patrick's Day, has been .selected
by the members "ib'f the..F.O.E.. upon
;Which to, hold .a-.fancy,dress ''bait' Between now and th'e'|l7th'.';fyller particulars-will *'be'given in these columns.-
tb Frank-'liri' Saturday last" tb'1 contest
a league fixture Result—Frank, 1;
Coleman—the latter rnb^hbld -cbe "Pas's":
Cul-.,     .*.;■   ,,- „    ■* .' .*,*.*
During the progress of. the gariie
thp enthusiasm became so intense that
the rail-liners caused 'the bar separating them from tho r,lnk to collapse, as
likewise did one of the -gentlemen,
but when he regained consciousness
his thought was for others as he asked
"Is D—■ all right?" May such thought-
fulness long continue, and bo cdtchin-.
Mr, Sutherland, the-bbiief'inspector,
wks'here for two -days last -week'".*inspecting the boilersjof the'mine plant.
He found "everything O. K.*. ~-'-,..' ■]
.-We,regret1 to."reportr.the.*"-deatvH of
Mr.',, and -Mrs/ Jackson's -'.Infant _ .'so'n,v'.J
Nat;-Evans blew.in fromlMicriel oni*
Monday. He received.: & :hearty wel-s
come, especially from the ladies," am
ong whom he is very popular. ■ 7. ,,'';
We were sorry toi'see Benjamin and'
Billy turned, down at the dance : "t!;b.
other "night It is disapp'ointins to1;
have your hand tefuse'd by • a' lady,!
even though your heart' dce'i not go
with It.. The boys" are of a .mercurial;
disposition, however, and will soon' re.*
.-Mikf. Beniski's infant child died the'
other day. ",".    *       . - .
Who are the best°dancers In Corbin?
This is a problem which will only bo
settled by the proposed waltz "coriipe.
tion. "   -    "* '■    -.
Saturday the 18th' will-be;pay day!
in Corbin. The pay roll "will'be rath,
er. slender. ' ' " . _*' 7 '' ' *'-. ,, , '
, Preparations are being made for the"
•masquerade" ori Thursday next. Messrs
Howell .and Luck" intend, vjsitlrig New
Michel to' procure their cpBturiies.' •*' •'
of Good Values
E aim to place within-youi\* reach! the Vhigliestq
;^y tlie lowest possible cost to you.. ./We aiirn torehderjyoii,^pleasing, .siatisr
factory and accurate store service.    We guarantee the quality of all goods to
WAhe best, obtainable, and that our prices for equal quality are lower than all
.Competitors    We save mohey\ for others why not for youv    * :-.
_   <>
;v^-..-; ""  ; WANTED-:--'c ;■';.'•■:
•..'WANT^D-^-At Coal,*.Creek;".,-a well
heated .room on ground" flooi'.," • Must
be, near. Bridge. Apply, to Drs. .Bonnet
arid''. Corsan.. •       .-*'.'.   '..',.    1**tP
,  . - .*'   „.**_! V. . '' ** .
*:TlieVpputation of our Grocery Department for good value is
kno\y-tf from one end of the district to the other.    Compare our ,
; every ...clay prices with wfoat you pay elsewhere and see how
'miich!;bigger.is the purchasing,power of your dollars when we
supply! your .table wants. „  '        "
■ i. '   ,'     ' '-.'    '.    '    ,.'' '.      '','.    .   '.
, 7*R0Y;AL HOUSEHOLD FLOUR, the highest grade and most"
expensive flour milled in our broad Dominion.       Here it is'[
placed;*.within your:reach'at a price in many instances-*-lower ..
than-'what is asked for inferior grades and brands.    , Royal
Household is the best for either Bread or.Pastry.
■••.:._      25 lb Sack.*;'....     .90
50 lb Sack....,,
100 lb Sack.'..'.
■-"WANTED—M.D.,; duly*qualified ,to
practise, in 'Alberta. ■ ^For .partici^lars
write:;tb ^ames-Neill, Secy.;;"Canmore
Local Union 1387, Canmore /Alberta." ;
to rent every evening except Sunday
and Thursday.; ' Suitable.for, concerts,
smokers,- dancing, lectures,-etc '..For
termsi.-etc, 'apply to D. Rees; .Secre-'
tary,*..Gladstone- Local,"Fernie.' ,7*7 *
.'-..FOR- RENT—Heintzman- Parlors,
Miners'-Bibck. neither whole or part of
store':-1--Apply,: /D: ■■ Rees, '* -P. O.- 361',
.F*ernie;-'B.;C..._.;-,.---,,-. ..;.-.••,.-• .*,*• -.
'i:*;id.STrTTr'ansfer- Cafa-.>Tb.-;v16, Book*
Nb.f"19569,' Issued'f*rom Frank-Local ori
Sept., ,26th,.-1910. , .Finder,, please return to Geo. Nicol, Secretary, Frank
Local, Frank, Alta.
,FOR S ALE-^Wholesale.i Liquor -'and
Cigar* Business.-'" Address-":-.Box*';34,
Creston, B. C..y.. .--','v '    ify-.
FOR SAEE-^L'ot^l^Block, 6, Riverside Avenue, West Fernie; all cleared
'j and*'•_e_cgd»'--V'Apply;;--:J.  • Bohil/, WeJst
Fernie. . 28-3t
FOR' SALE—A quantity of Bedroom
and'Kitclien Furniture and. Miscellaneous household Effects, in good condition.  /.Apply, 135, Ledger Office.    2t
14.   "Apply,' H. H„ Box 473, Fernie.
"Chase and Sanborncs'"Seal Coffee. 1 lb*"tins ..........;.'. .40c"."
, Table;'and Gloss Starches in 1 lb packets; 3 pkts ....'. ,. .25c.;.
.Quaker Brand Tomatoes, per tin , .' 15c.
. Qaakfer Canned Beans, Peas and.Corn, per"tin .,.'..,..: .12 l-2c.
,-AYhite Star Baking Powder, per tin 15c.
Christie _ Cream Sodas, per, tin 30c. ]
• Iluntley and .Palmer's Biscuits^ per lb. .................. .35c.,
Greanf of Wheat Breakfast Pood, per pkt. JV: ,.,720c.'.-
' Blue Label Tomato Catsup, per bottle'..'::..' ;.... -'.30c.-
3 lb;i Tins Pork and Beans, per tin '...... .•:"...'. 15c.
Canada First Cream," per 20 oz;. tin  .: 10c.
' 'St. Charles' Cream, large hotel "size tin, each' :,...;'.".. .•*.'". .20c.
.Imported Macaroni and Vermicelli, per 25 lb box $2.00
Fancy Table and Cooking. Apples, perbox-"....: ... .-.,.$1.75
.:Sunkist Navel Oranges, pfer dozeii. ...^350., 35c, 40c! and 50c.
7'.31b.,',ti'ns'Cooking Molasses; each . 1._"'.. J i : .7 . '.'V'.- .20'C
" ^riiite Swan Laundry Soap, per carton', 6 bars '. 20c. ,
' Sunlight and Lifebuoy Soap*,-5**bars-..-..-..-..,.-. .-i ..*... .-.*.25c..
. Jtoyal^east Cakes, 6, cartons ..,..-.; ••••;•• *:* *.* •'• ■ -^c-
-C.and|B.:Qtiart.Vinegar, pcr"bottle„;.'.! yy;.iiyy.
<. 7 .Tins* Assorted Fruits ' ., * • .$1.10;
-     (1 31b tin Plums; -1 31b tin Apples;   1 21b tin each
Cherries, Strawberries, Raspberries, Pineapples Peaches
Edwardsburg Table' Syrup—2 lb tins, each:....-.: .10c.
_;'.*.-' ; — h lb tins, "each..r...... '\..25c.
Salada'"Ceylon Tea, regular 50e. Special, per*lb :....: .40c. *.
, White'Swau Washing Powder,'3 lb. pkts : .20c.
5 lb Tins'Grenestuff Sweeping Compound, regular 50c. *'     '"*,'
Special* '• • • • • •  , > • • • •
-Special, per .tin ..._..* ..:........:  30c.
Noel's Imported Preserved Fruits. Large Glass Globes'; re-
, gular $1.00; Special '.'....*..*•,....:.... : *' • -85c
:'46'oz. Glass Jarsj regular 65cr Special.  •• ... • • ..50c.
l'lb.-Glass Jars Kootenay Jam,- each ;; .*..:;....;.......... .20c.
-*.* ■
END OF'SEASOITISALE OF      '■*     --■^■v^
■ -.,..-.,-.,..    " . "FIT REFORM" CLOTHING
'■' Ari-b-ppbrtunity- to purchasev. the 'highest;.grado...of^ileix!sv_;.
Ready-to-AVeai* at a fraction" of its worth
, . Regular $28.00.   '...Sale Price .$22^50. .,* '
Regular $25.00, ,    Sale Price $19.50 '
Regular $22.00        Sale Price $17.25
:This is Cotton Remnant Day, andif you could see the stacks
of tempting Ends at half, and others slightly soiled, at less than
half their regular value'.- This lot of femnants includes Prints,
Ginghams, Muslins, Lawns, Cottons,' Towelings, etc., suitable
f6r dresses, "waists, negligees, and clothes for children. ,
-   Collars and Belts *  "'    .
Ladies' Fancy Collars, made froni chiffons, nets and trimmed
witli tinsel and silk ribbons.'Valenciennes laces and insertions:
Regular 35c to oOe. Saturday, your choice, 25c,
;..* .-Ladies' Fancy Belts.*,'. i'This'; assortment "consists, of'elastic,
'' tinselr'fancy BeltingsVand'leathe^, iri- av variety of'patterns, and
buckles.   ' Good value at regular price 35c to'50c. Saturday 25c.
*. ,The Crow's.Nest-Tradirig C.p.,.Limited, wishes to announce
::'the arrival of Miss L'AlDLEY, QU^ebr.iiai7 22nd, who will
;i.takeVcharge\of..their iDreflsmaldjiig,Parlors. "SiMiss LAID-
b:LEY^cpmeslhighl.yLrACQ^ all orders left
■_   *„    _.!__..,.__.._. J^-till'Vl**- n-t-'l-A-U^A^1 _^_»v    _-MA*m«\flTr-'-*_i*n-rI ■_JO*fiofQfltni_r
in her' care 'wiU .be attended1'to promptly-and satisfactory,
„       - , - . -        „
to you.
Now, on our.shelves ,jnany,*ncw,l%s; sidles (that we would
like you to inspect, knowing that you will'appreciate the value,
comfort and satisfaction,offered .in. this''shoe..
■^'V1*'_*3tt' *
**&s_r-? ■'
Miss Verna Felton
The Allen  Players
Three  Nights  Only
Opening with
IVi tKc.LT
C©st Hit of'the GC_lSOS_
m  mm   m   mm*Tk* *   m   m ■ *%% M mam
nil sx H[ y a, ry ni _____
HMAGDAH Herman Sinlercian's latest drama wili also lie presented, Watch ter it
Prices 25c, 50c. and 75c
Seat* on salo at McLean's Drug Storo.   Mark your seats oarly


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