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The District Ledger 1912-04-06

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&h Important Matter Requiring
The Co-operation of Every
>a      J   Miners Local Union
'A  ■.-;-', .   , ^"", .    '   , ^  *~   - _   ,   _    .
*     To the Officers and Members.of Local Unions, District 18, U. M. W.
.of A.—-AAAA,..   '"•.' <••,   , Vv *,.    *'.••, „
Greeting*"    A A;*   "/A '. ■    ■■  '•        -■ * '.    A • -~  '" "A °
A ' '^ou are doubtless .aware that the Government of"Alberta have
appointed-a Commission to make- enquiries into -andicon6erriing."the
-   , Mining Laws of. Alberta, and to embody .in, their report theretb any
amendments to the existing law regarding theoperationofminesfor
;   cpjdpr any mnierals which .they may consider'necessary. * The Com-
y.  missionersappointed-to make'such investig_itWi_re J;T Sterling
y '.-W-F..McNeil. and^B. Powell.  ' "A A ; y "A-^ --- yy -    -   *•
.  ,    ''V-;1. a™filly aware o| the importance.'of-this appointment and recog-*
\X"y~y/r1}^^ possibilities which may be achieved for the benefit of"the
pi " 7   ^me w°rkers througtfthe agenpr'of ;this.'Commission, but I desire to
■ ' ^  - ask each and every..memb,er of-,pur;o'rganization'for their assistance
y i.m this matter,'and would* kindly request that each Lbcal would'ap-
j , ' ppmt a special committee' for the .purpose * of collecting' information
• -,. ,'and- promoting .views ?which;>ill.'enable the-Com'missionywhenre--
-;. porting-to* the Government,* to bring about amendments to the Mines'
. .•. *.-Act that will be of material benefit to the miners of Alberta.    "   ..
X X ][?Z™ld k'nd'^ ask ^ to take up this matter as'early as possible
,.:,,and forward to me, Box^S-pCoZemaa, any.suggestions which you may
>   think will assist.in;carrying.Jout' this important work.-'      *    - -     "
*..«'v,     Xf    X'    ■'-   Yours faithfully;      ■   •-. -^ y-
; a.,,,',; 'sy^-y ''Xy-   '; *'w.b^powell,7'- ',; y
.S\Sy.  .-7'   ' -.; i i '-. .   :"y    '   .,.-   ..'  ^es?'bist.48,'U.M.W; of A*.
"KAMLOOPS,: March .' 30,^-DiBsatls.
faction among the men engagedt'ln
construction vrork. iiAthe C. N." R.
camps from Savona* to Lytton culminated yesterday In the men'goln*; out
on strike. Theydemanded $3 for att
•eight-hour day and board to b«"provld-
ed for $5.00 -weekly/ '" The present
scale is $2.50 for a ten-hourvday arid
board at $6.00,,   »   . ^   "' ~7 y '
Placards giving .notice of'the strike
Placards' giving notice of the, strike
have been posted all through the city
and district appealing-to laborers to
abstain from, going to work,;ln the
camps. Contractors say that it is
possible- if the strike" continues'to
hamper their operations they may7np-
peal to the government for permission
fn   Ali^ntvt    AwjI    _—*Jl*_      a _*_j«       m    * *'
*   ■* faf V
Lack of Orders tfie Cause
for Shutdown—Fernie
^Not Yet Affected
to obtain and employ. Asiatic labor oa
their, contracts, if they are to finish
their'work within the time stipulated,
although the work all along the grade
to remarkably well advanced. ,     "   *""
',*■ Y1,
slflke In'Great Britain'is'drawing.to
*' ti close/ **■ Latest;despatches' to"-hand
Astato^that"the meVby.a majorily..of
,19^000 -voted _ -.gulns*-■<"resuming, work.
('Ini'Bpl^bf.'this,^Hbwoyer1 the lpadors*
"are,urging the mo'n'tto return to work
' Their, reason for'tols, it is sald,tis.he-'-
cause, owing to;pressure of circumstances arid*1 tlie.'distress now'preva-
.. lent, will cbmpoirmonto accept tho
minimum wago as outlined ln,tho gov-"
- ernment'8.blll.-
■with^camp' "equipment and-supplies.',-,'
A The" b'ig t'rarispdrt'a'utbmbDlleB?©-!
t^ie;,englneers were' fitted out,, and it
was.^stated that all, of .the 'fighting
force in?Great Britain'iai ready ,on-a
given signal to,move to the coal districts. . Premier, Asquith has made It
plain that If the men wll lnbt roturu lo
work, he will send plenty of soldiers
to tho mlnos, so that'the owners can
mnko good flieTr .boasts that they can
operate with" non-union men If protected. .'     .■'._,    ' '   *,
LONDON,' April 3.--A11 the "minors
•■ in'tho nor thorn, countlos of EngHnd
and* n■ portion'of thoso'In Scotland,
' hnvo followed'the fighting leaders of
tho minors of Lancashire and declared
', ago-Intit tho resumption of work,in tho
pits until tho minimum rato of wages
has boon definitely, fixed./ This will
give a' 'majority of minors in the United Kingdom? In favor of continuing tho
strlko, hut lt is oifpoctod that tho fed*
emtloi. will nevertholeBB declare It to
he terminated. , '   '
Tho result of tho bhllot'.nmong tno
minors shows thai tho government's
minimum wattes act' hns not appealed
to tho men who whnt' tho prlnclplo ot
a minimum dally.wago translated Into
a flxoll dally wago,,
Some of lho district boards whloh
aro to sottlo tho* locnl rules of wn<.F_n,
'havo boon appointed, but thoy hi vo
not boon nblo to dooldo upon tholr
clmlrmnn! so thoso appointment*, will
■ hfivo to ho mndo by tho govornmont.
Tho numbor of minors working In
,tho pita Jb Increasing dally, but not
inpW.y. Upwards of 1,000 aro now
working In Northern Wales coal fields
which Is double tho flguro of yesterday.
* LONDON. April 3—(Spoclnl, cable)
Govornmont officials nnd commorclul
circles woro aghast **nt noon lodny
when it was loarnod that tha optlmi.*
tlo Btnt'omonto of tho minors' union
loadors that tho minors would cany
tho proposition to return to work by
n 8 to 2 voto, woro not only unfounded
hut that tho mon hadsvoted not to ro
bnolr,,   - . ".       ,
Balloting ondod tonlitht, and tlio
..u'inp.0.0 rosuli will bo avallablo oarly
: to-morrow, Consorvatlvo labor load*
tm aro eroally troubled ovor tbo stand
ndoptod by tho mon, Tboy aro satis*
fl.d that tho maximum concession hi.»
tie^n made that cnn ho secured by law
nii.1 thoy bollovo tho ftovernqient !■.*>.
lormlnod If tho union mon will not ro*
turn to work on tholr own Initiative
to bring Into action ovory rosourc.
of tho, government to ond tho itr'.ke
Military Activity
This bollof was slrongthonod by lho
activity In military circles this sflor-
noon,* whon It beeamo apparent thnt
tho proposition to return to work was
In danger of defeat. Great troop
trains woro got Into readlneso tor Instant departure.    Engines ware at*
TORONTO,1 April 2.-Ttiere. Ib ,a
complete tlg-up in transportation to
and from tbe railway freight', sheds
here to-day as a, result "of a sudden
strike of-the, employees of the three'
big • companies that. ordinarily. ■ handle
tlfe" heavy freight , Without any
warning the. whole'of the men'stopped work' this morning, shortly after
their-arrival at the'stables and as a
result the downtown: warehouse district haB an , absence of "traffic* that
makes it resemble "a, holiday" A , 7 ■
The. men'out number 326 in all, and
the-teams idle, are: Hendrle .ft'oOp.,
100; The:Shedderi-Co.,»85; The'Dom-
Inion Transport•;Company, 19."    7  77
'. LONDON 'March 31.—In' 'response
to ropresentatlono^madeby the New"
South Wales-Agent-General in?London
calling atten't|o'n?to ,the°great .distress
prevailing1 *^ero|l&7cons'equett^bf. the
strike, Pren_ler7McGdwan"has .cabled
authorizing'th8*? purchase of food to
the value of £ 1,0.00 for .Immbdlate dis-'
tribution. 'Other* contributions are
forthcoming.      .',*'■'   *, . 7 .
Lack bf- market .will probably result
in a number of.the mines In District
18, United Mine Workers .of America;
taking in all Alberta; and the Crow's
Nest Pass mlnei. lit.* British Columbia
down to Fernie, closing down for some
time this summer;,. Vy, ■-,  -
- Already the .closing*' down- has commenced. On Mondtj.y the mine at
Bankhead was 'closed for one month,
and the.miners in'that town-are now
out- ot employment.-.{Lack of orders is
given as. fhe causeJfor the shutting
down of.the work,',____d it is;said that
other-miries will be.forced to follow
the example of the Bankhead 'collieries.   ;_.,;.,   .     y\!
„: Coming so, soon after the long striko
with the miners still in debt to th?
company and stores,.the closing down
will" entail more" 6r less hardship, biic
the-, younger- men and many of the'
men whose homes haye been In "the
camp for years,.are already, leaving lo
take „up' homesteads or take work on
the' railroads and" Irrigation' construe-
tion * works.',        -   - A   •,
"The/clolflng down of the mines, If
general, will probably be, a boon to the
irrigation' arid railroad contractors,^
a dearth,'of. men wag feared on nils
kind of .work this^summer.—The Calgary' News-Telegram.' - .;
- (And-this^' after.-; the "Prosperity',
bug; that .Ross/suppbrters have, been
peddling around! 7 Oh; deait?'7But.
th? consolation is/to be gathered "from
the^'last .'paragraph—you will, be '"ante
to.get.'worlc'bn.'.he railroad .roustrnc-
tfon.-y;. Thbso*little two-by-four-would-'
Mayor "B_(.asd"»ll,;w*Glven.
*J ' ? Leave of^ Absence.-
a   Month's
Hammond Resigns
'?< Su :;. ,*
oMAOLOBD, Altn.,*' April 2.-Peopl'e
flocked to tho Mncleod court houso
thlB morning to hoar' tho murdor caso
that Is tho subject of everybody's con-
vei-Bntlon.. The llttlo court'room was
crowded and whon Fritz Bborts, tho
Gorman who Is chargpd with the mui>
dor of Goorgo 13. Wlllmett, constablo
in tho Northwest Mountod Pol'lce, at
Prank Just four years ago wns brought
In, thoro was a hum of conversation
that portrayed tlio lntoneo publlo In*
toroBt lu this remarkable cnao.
Eborts,, with anothor man nnmod
.Tnshoo.Js'charged with tho crime.
It is Just four yoars ngo slnco lho
pooplo of Prnnk woro startled by the
discovery of tlio doad body of Goo,
TO. Wlllmot, n young constable In tho
N. .W.-M. P. force. Thoro' wob vory
llttlo to indicate ln what way Will*
molt camo hy IiIb donth, It was
clear from tho blood nnd tho gaping
wound ln his nock that lib had boon
shot by,n gun, but thoro was vory
llttlo to provo tho Identity of tho par*
tlon who had anuffod out tho llfo of
this constablo. Wlllmott wns ln nlvl*
linn clothes whon ho was murdorod.
ITo was an KngllBhmnn, 22 yonrs of
Tho pollco workod on everything
that could possibly be intorpretod In
tho naturo of a duo, hut thoro was always tho snmo unsatisfactory reautt.
Sovornl months ngo thoro woro whispering* that tho pollco woro again on
tho track of Wlllmott'B murdorors.
ii-oiio wno thought tho police woro
hutllvi _rt.&4.i i\j t.tli. timlr Judgment
nnd wlioff it was announced tbat two
Germani, one named Frits Eberts and
tho othor named Jashcc, had boon or*
roBlod, Interest In tho murdor enso
i!t._»v _»_._; _kati_.v._trt_ tno hUint.on ot
throo provinces was again rovlvoJ.
Eborts Is charged with taking tho
llfo of Wlllmott and has boon placed
on trial first. Jasboc, who Is tho star
wllnoss against Eborts, will be tried
later. '
PRANK, Altn., March 29—This after
noon large rocks started to roll'down
the sldeB of Turtle Mountain and atrlk,
Ing the-, miners'    cottages,   crashed
camo from t-ho west of tho dnnger
zone, it-Is rocognlzed that the fissures
in tho ..mountain top -aro widening,
Dozens of families nnd n few rao'r*.'
chants hnvo moved to othor points.,
This week, fearing a repltltlon of'
tho slide ot nine yoars ngo, when 02
porBon8 wore' burled 32 feot undor
tho mud and rock, tho Foderal government notified tho Provincial govornmont of Alborta that tho district Ib
unBafo, but tho latter ls slow to net
not wishing Jo forco the abnndonmont
of $3,000,000 worth of mining mncli-
Inory, bn.idlngB nnd worklng8.--Nows
Advertiser, Vancouver.    " '
through tho roofs to tho floors,below.
Fortunately no one wns Injured as the',...„  .  «
places,wore empty. While those rbckH>Cf'ehting for representation at tho'Nn-
be capitalists, who" have not'sense en-.
oi:gh*: to understand their class'. ln>,
teTCsts,'might-read, mark, learn and
knocJMt into;.heir heads—if possible.);
. ^     "; ' '   ifl .- '      -a- -   '-
Hot Municipal Fight Is Being Waged in
*-■>-"     '"  Milwaukee Today. -
''^y\-:   —:■„ * •
" MILWAUKEE, Wis., April^2.—T|ie.,
grea"te8t'8trugglo for votes In-years'began in .Milwaukee this morning at siiT
o'clock 'f/heii the polls opened for elec-
tlon of the municipal ticket boards of
aldermen," and delegates-to therepub-
Ilcan and.'derhbcratic national conventions, "V • A ■       ;     yf;    i
■ .'Non-partisans nro endeavoring   to
displace' the Socialist -administration
and followers of President  Taft - and
LarUollette and Wil8ori>npd- Clark' are
>( Two meetings ,ofthe* City Council
were held.since .last going to. press-
one "on Friday 'night and another on
•Monday.'   ',* -'
■ At the first meeting Dr. H. Anderson reported'that the Jail was insuffl-
clently ventilated, and the matter was
referred to the Works and Property
Cori_n_ittee for investigation. Other
business transacted was:
A letter from Harry Wilkes resigning
his position as assistant fire chief was
read, but at Monday's'meeting it was
decided to give Mr. Wilkes, an increase,
of $10.00 a month and his resignation
was - withdrawn'. •.-'
John Brown, engineer, got an increase of ".10.00 a"month.' He had a
reduction in salarj* last month of $10
and this-now evens matters up.
Accounts' were' received from tbe
Fernie Hotel and .Mrs. Smith'in connection with' expenses incurred during "the recent'quarantine, but the
Council refused to'recognize any liability In this matter •" A  '
A resignation was read from Supt.
R.' Haminond of the Light, Heat ' arid
Power Department, to take effect on
April 3dth. We understand that Mr
Hammond intends making his home in
Edmontons A'*.
. -??.... * • y * *-■'
, ' Mrs? -Dewsbury sent irf a claim for
d/imageS' In/ consequence of haying
slipped on the sidewalk by the Cana?
dian Bank of .Commerce and sustained
injuries?.Legal,.'advice was taken and
Council advised.not-to accept liability/ " - -A-'A.. A -' ' ,
y Magistrate Whinfster applied for an
'increase, in jsaiary,;but the Council,
could not seb Its way clearlto grant ii.
-..'A grant of.'$60.00 a month to'date
fr6m;'January^lr-,l912/.was made to
:th"e ■ City, .Band, and-in consequence
..he.'tarid is-' to 'turrirov_erJ.hi.lr_ini.trii-
Why This Great Corporation is Not
Now Paying Dividends to Its
First Shareholders X
tional'conventions,, 'A.big vote was
polled Iri the early hourB nnd a now
record .of ballots wna nntlclpntol
Polls remain open until 8 o'clock.
...'IjA'THlt.—nio Socialist Mayor Sol-
del was donated,       '   -   *
ments, music,..muBic stands arid'uniforms to ■„be;|the'- property of-the city.
., The Mayor? was .-voted $1200 a year..
On; Monday>Mayor Bleasdell was
granted a.-.month's'leave of-absence.'
Mrs. BleasdjirByhealth. i*s,not of-the
best and the?.Mayor,-wnr'sperid*--a;holi-'
day with.her In Rochester, N. Y. During ht_i'absericd;Ald.'Br;bley will act In
his stead. •'' '■  ,j "   ' v
)7/E;stl_..atesf,of the.School*Board nm-
PPn.tlHSii9?J?i6,000^were accepted. • '■
--rlt: was'-'dec'ldjju" thai' ■ nil persons
WhO'Bo»pr6perty'iHon: the sewer sys-
torn .'must'-have sewer connected by
Aug.-'i; 1912.-7 .?;';, ; ,-
Thb Council >(li tako no nctlon ln
extending ,th'e ,'watof to'... ho' Fornlo Annex'. Bxtohslon.,'; " •'.'
/ ^hb"";cUy'l8d6sIrouB\of making a
road ^througji^tiieyElk Lumber Go's
proiWrty^Jbut^fhatyiompany has re-
fused to.gIvo''l^.-.rlght of way, nnd
as. a corisequenolj^he city will sock
tho law coUrtS'.tb compel llio compnny
to do, bo.-. >A
Certain sums' of money wero granted for thb: kalsomlning of tho City
nnd OTto'Hall.A
"When Elias Rogers, of Toronto, president of the Crows Nest Pass,-
Coal Company, Ltd., appeared beforethe Tax Commission to ask for-
relief from taxation on the ground that the mines were not paying, he
was very pointedly asked whether that condition was* not due to the
present management?      , ■>' ,' \ -.. . -'
Correspondence to hand endorses the recent comment we made on --
the connection of the Great Northern Railway Company interests with :
the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, and the suggestion u made* that '«
a thorough investigation should be made of'the whole business,* to be ■
undertaken by the Government, -'.'it is pointed .out that with its im- ■■*
mense^assets the Crows' Nest.Pass Coal Company should be'ontf'of the .'
soundest and best investments on the market, paying steady divi'd- '
ends.    Its present condition, with non-dividend and unquoted stock,   -
under Great Northern Railway control, is compared'with the sound -*
standing of the stock audits dividend standard underTJanadian man- ■*
agement.   * Our correspondents /give instances of familie.? whose sav- ■
jngs were invested in the.stoek under the belief that'it should have   '
been as sound an investment as government bonds, and a steady dividend-payer, only to find their investments in this company bringing'
them in practically nothing and their interests sacrificed for- the enrichment of a foreign corporation. ''   >     7'_,        *.,,,*        7'.
, . We Have pointed out in previous issues how. the, Great Northern^
Railway system has takbn the mining industry of South Kootenay and
pimilkameen by the throat,-and Canadian investors in the Crows
Nest Coal Company are suffering from the same outrageous policy. ,
British Columbia coal investments .ought to stand in the front rank '"
and nothing has done-more'to inure them than the manner,in; which
the Canadian shareholders in the Crows Nest* Pass Coal Company, '
Ltd., have been treated since this foreign railway corporation got'eon-' -
trol of its affairs?, ' We have-on the statute books of British Columbia- ■"
alaw drafted on the'lines of the British Companies' Act to .secure to '-'■
the shareholders as a body a square jfeal.    They are not getting it m ^
this ease,'audit is high time the Legislature and the Government as-- *
sortedtheprinciple'that'noforeigri; corporation shall-use the natural -'
/ i1"
-*■ Uum Ccn-ui~Llie""
province,iorits enrichment atTlie .expense1 of, and in-J
our,, own   people.—The B. C. Mining and Engineering"
* ' i i** -.»   ■ „ °t      -   y        , fM   '    i.^ c\. ""**    ■*
Take Referendum
ft "II 'I ^ _ ^ .      .
Anthracite Miners to Confer With
Operators on 10th---Hopefuiof _
Peaceable Settlement
THE 1818
Judging; by tlio nlrgo nndlonco that
nightly vlBlt-tho IbIb, the Pernio publlo
havo certainly, got hold of tho movlnit
picture hnblt. Thoy npprcclnto n
good show Whon thoy boo It, and this
popular picture house dosorvos woll
of tholr palronngo. Pictures soon horo
cnn always bo rellod upon ns bolng
eloan, InBlrrtotlvo and amusing, In addition to thoso good qiinlltlos tho throe*
ploco orchestra dOBorvos credit for Its
harmony and catchy music. In fact
tho Isis Is an Ideal spot lo spend nn
hour or bo, both for adults nnd dill-
dren. Tho programme for tomorrow
and Saturday (aftornon and evening)
will contain excellent views of'tho
world's championship wrestling match
Mwowi v»oic.] anu isoyBsko, tho Gau*
mon J CraiM.. "fl.u.ter Uoh't b'ahy,"
"Pun on Hoard U. S. S. Vetmon," and
"Tho CroM."
BimmKUO, KUKland. March 29-
Fourteen miners wero burled allvo to
day hy tho falling of tbe roof of a
gusrry n*»r h«r« where thty rtrt
workinj. on an onterop of mtl
COrmiN, April 3,-Joo Porfelto, nn
Italian' was klllod In a cnvc-ln yo»lcr*
<lny. Ho loavos a wlfo and child In
Italy. Tho deceased hss liocn around
here for somo years, the last, two of
whrch wai fipcui tn Corbln. Ho whb
admittedly ono of tho best practical
ralncra Lcvc. The Inquest held last
night brought In a verdict of "Accl*
dental dw.lV '
Tho ftiuari.. took place this ..ftrr-
noon In P*«n.|«. Tho body was ttroughl
bti* by Uio lUiian soctety. pather
l-fChel cSuffucta.! tin. twivloe.
League Organized-Lots
of Cups for Competi-'
tion--Early Start
A moot lng of tbla' nssoolntlon was
hold In Conl Crook qn Saturday''last.
roprosontntlvoB liolng proHent from
Bollovuo, Coloman, Mlchol, Fernio and
Conl Crook. '  '      •
The Cnlgnry llrewluir Compnny,
through Jlr. G. Clnlr; of Coloman, of*
forod tho UHHoelatlon a sllvor cup for
compotltlon liy tho clubs of the Pass,
This was gfittofully Accepted, nnd tho
association decided to otter this now
flirt nn thn trophy (rt Ti*. *!.«V. l>" Ihe
winners of the Tjengnn,
Tho Mphardt Cup, which hns since
tho institution or tho Association boon
regarded as Uio L-cagua cups will ho
compotod for by tho Juveniles of the
PfiHf. \tMt>r th«« liirlnrllctlnn of tliy» It*.
eocntjon. This comiMJtKlon will bo
on tho cup-do principle, and It Is ex*
pocted that nil tho towus In tho Vam
will ontor a team. Tho draw will
tnko plnco In Michel on May 18th,
It transpired nt tho mooting ihnt the
I_-jhk.i.. for thn «n»\ilng sonson will
consist of but flvo clubs, namely—
Kernlu. Conl Creek. Michel, Coleman
nnd Dellflvne.
Tho first «*me of the awuon will
bo played on May .th. The following
Is n ll«t of the fixtures Arranged.
Games to be puyed on the ground
o( tUe |Ui.t-u_iu.(id tlkiba: «   «   ■
May 4.—Coal Creek va. Colomnn.
. ---Mlchol *Ys. Fornlo.
Mny If..—Michel*vs. Colcmnn.
—Belluvuo va? Coal Creole.
Mny 2-1 .--Coloman vs.'Michel.
•--IIollovuQ vs. Pernio
Juno 1.—Conl Crook vs, Fernio.
—-Hcllovuo vs. Coloman,
June 8,—Conl Crook vb. llollovuo.
—Fornlo vs. Mlchol.
Juno ie.—Fornlo vb, Bollovuo,
_,,       —Coloman vs. Conl Crook.
Juno 22.—Fornlo vb. Colcmnn.
,     —Conl Crcok vs. Michel,
Juno 29.—Colomnn vb, Bollovuo,
—Mlchol vs. Conl Creek,
July 0,—Fernio vb Conl Cerek,
—-Bollovuo" vb, Mlchol.
July 1."..•-Colomnn vs. Fornlo.
—Mlchol vs. Bollovuo,
The club colors for tho coming Benson will bo ns follows:
Fornlo—Croon wllh white knickers,
Conl Crook.—Hod and white,
Michel—Blue nnd whlto?
Bollovuo—Green nnd whlto,
Colomnn—Hod nnd white.
«The draw for tho Fort Stoeln Ilrmv*
lng Co, Clip will tnko plnco nl Mlchol
on Mny 18th.     Tho noxt mooting of
Ml/*    ■****I""*.*.'«\M'>T1    In    I...    1..H    '"i.C'.-t
thnt date.
Ono Important notion tnkon hy tho
association at this mooting wns tho' )„'»'
decision to forbid betting by nny to*
forco or llncBmnn on nny gamo tn
which ho Ir nrMv/*.".* ■.•.rMiMnMi*,*"
Anyone found guilty of this practlca
will Ik. ruspended anJ /orn'ddoit to
tnko nny furthor part In the game In
thlu district.
Cluhn villain futuro, ho hold rcspon*
olbjc for tho euro of tho various cip.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.,- April 1.-
With only ono or .two exceptions tho
susponslon In tho coal raining Industry
of tlio country, which went Into effect
at'mldnlght'Inst night when the wngo
contracts' botweon tho mombora of tho
United Mlno Workors of Amorlcn and
tho bituminous* and nnthnrclte. com
operators expired, wub gonornl today
nrrd npproxlmately -100,000 minors nro
out of work. The country will iuIbb
moro thnn 1,000,000 tons of conl nnd
lho minors nro otit nbout $1,000,000 In
President Whlto, of the minors, bo-
foro starting for IiIh homo this after*
noon, snld that he expected the bituminous mon to ratify tho Clovolnnd
ngrcomont and return to work probably hy April 20. Tic nlno predicted a
Rpcody ndJuHtmonl of n wngo contract
In tho nntlirnclte field whon tho mln-
orp nml operators moot In Phllmk..
linn on April 10. Tho ballots for iho
referendum voto on tlio bituminous
n.*rcemont nro bolng prepared 'n the
mitlonnl'hflndijunr.on. horo nml It lu
lrollnvod thnt thoy will oo horo April
anthraclto region seems to bo cry7_.nl.
ltzlng In favor of prolonging the layoff
until tlio operators grant recognition
to tho union. At a mooting hold today
ln Nantlcoko, nenr Wilkes, Barrc,
1.000 minors, mostly Polos, declared
Hint tliey would not "accept a 10 por
cont Incronso unless It whb nccompnnl-
od by union rccogiiltlbn. Whon ono
of tho Hponkor.. announced' that President Ilaor hnd snld that tho' minors
wero not strong enough to strike, a
score of workers Jumpnd to tholr foot
exclaiming, "Well, we'll show him."   ■
Both operators and minors, how-
ovor, Boom content to nwalt tho romilt
of tlio conference to bo hold' In this
city on April 10 and iiono of lho largo
companies mndo nny nt tempt to work
tholr bronkorn today. 	
Invest.nation to Be Held -
Five Cent* Increase for Lump, Three
.. Cents for Other Cosl—lncres.e
For Day Labor
CI.HVRLANI*), "Ohio,' Mnfeh  30.   A
sub-commlloo to which, tlio oporn'orB
nnd miners'1 conference! hnd re.or.od n
compromlno offer hy lho minors, snld .     _	
If. had ngrood to tho sottlomenl nnd {jury In lu flr.ri.n_* hoMthiit tiir. •.'„,.•
• lit- lerms woro being drawn up,    „ jdent was occasioned by noRloct of pfo-
scn'Hia pracuntlons on tbo pnrt of tho
VK.TOIUA, ll, C, March 29.-Proml*
or Mellrldo linn tn'tnii rognlxanro of
the verdict roturnod on Thursday by
tlio eoroner'H Jury whloh has boon
Investigating nt Morrltt tho olrcumst*
nnces nltendlng tho rocont dlsnttter
nt (ho mlnoH or tho Diamond Volo
Conl Company, near that city.     Tho
T..i_ ......u ,.» (.(ten ouc provide ur
Inrreaseg In pay (o the miners an ft,!-
s:    Five «*r>nl*< a
lum|i coal, .1 cents a ton for n.lnlug
nil other conl, n n.20 per rent In*
v.vj,(a. ,v»j uifcu jiahi i»j( in«i rtny,
B. A. Colo, j.representing tho opom*
lors, nnd II, M. Taylor, reprcmontlmr
Cio Illinois operators, said shortly be-
tw midnight last night (hat all the
*f.perftlors" of weNlcrn Pennsylvania.
Ohio, Illlnofx and tyidlr.nrt hn<1 i.rreo'1
whllo thoy are in tholr poswhlon, and j to (.rant (he incrcaaefi.
Ihe Asnoclnllon will take up thn (.uos.'   Thor «nJd t),A «iTrv.ont*>n* wwiM )»«
(•on of Inrsurance at (heir nent mret. jtho lasls for making new wa«e wa]t>»
iTiti.   With tho various cups now opon [for bliurnlnous miners In olher a'Mtin.
tor rompetltlon, football In (he Vim ,  —	
Ib rooolvlng every encouragement, nnl RECOGNITION OF
all lovers of the game are atsured » UNION DEMANDED
of nome good rousing gam..* during (lie i   PHILAI.J.M'H.A.    p«,    Aprils.—
eo-ittiR wason. »5kntlmcnt among the workers In tho
company, and further held tho locnl
(on for mining Inspector Wameablo In hla not having
'" ' ' posted, or soon (o (ho posting of certain untied which nro onllod for Y.y
..im iirovtsltuis of tho Conl Mines Bo*
giilntlons Act. On Monday nost tho
question of these serious chnrgOB will
lie taken up by (ho minister tho don!
pnrtino.it having determined upon the
mosl searching Invostlgadon of the
rllo-in^r, wiih a vk>w t0 antcrtalnliig
If responsibility therefore Is charge-
rtt>l« to neglect ur iiou<oiupllnu.-.. with
any of tlm provlalon* of tho law, and «f
so upon whom1 blame reals. It (a «%*
pw;(^d thnt Chief Inspector Graham,
who was denpat.hert to Merrill Irnmc*
dlalelr uttfr (he aecldonl, will l>o back
th* t!r*> of tho Tcott to i-cyott i^iawt.
ally nnd dlrecdy to (ho minister.
. .j? i_.
. •>'* \   I -»-.—*■"*£*-_
M--.-^rt^'-* -'
- -:«■*. "-v?-'-";¥ - -  -y :..-. T-.~:^-y-v^^'^-yv c * - '7;^-*A^A*-M7 ■
■ y'-^yXyX y.y;,.^g^WSy-K '~-^s$i;
■ y^^^xTyx^y^xxiyyr'sy^^sy- ■ ^aaaa; a^ai-aa ^^y
y.-.^^nAA..-A.,7,-^?X'7=A:'-A A''.?7y:;^AV...;.4 . AAA. A--:.y* A7-AA--
: - _ -ft
.   -^ (V1,
s a Beastly Bore
donJt .you know, to be' com- ■
pelled'td work with some 'urn-
, ber". .tt Is'fuil. of^knots t-r
knof holes, the -grain doosn't
run. straight and there are all
■   kinds' bf trouble.
It Isn't Our Lumber
that works that way- * Glfe >>s
your nexf order ..and you'll
find it an actual jdeasur-s to
work even in the hottest weather,   -
Hotel Michel
Michel, *B.C.
Lighted with Tungsten Lamps
Ostermoor Mattresses
Clean Linen
Pure Food
Rates $2.50 per day
W. L. FOISY   -   Manager
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Every person likes to be comfortable. We have the latest
design of steam heating' apparatus in every room.. Our menu
is the best? We guarantee satisfaction. Two blocks from C.
P. R. Depc-t. Old and new faces
welcomed. - 1
New Michel, B.C.
i - /Prop.
Just received, a „ shipment of
/Hundreds, of latest  Records,
Violins,    Guitars,    Accordeons,
Sheet Music, etc, etc.
New Michel
After  Three  Onefntlens Invar
Bnk wan Tried nnd Proved
If pooplo would only uso Zam-Buk
for chronic sorca, blood-poison, etc,
before permitting an operation, scores
of limbs would bo saved,
Mr. Robt, Patterson ot North Pol*
bam, Welland Co., Ont, wrltcB. "Mr
daughter, Annlo, had blood-poison In
, ber finger. Tho doctor oporatcd twlco
on tho flngor, but did not obtain tho
doslrod result, and it third operation
-was considered nooossary.
" Three doctors wero prosont at thl»
oporntlon, but nftor It had boon performed tho wound did not hoal. Tnr
as ws would wo could not got any-
thing to closo tho wound.
"Wo nt Inst tried Kirni-nuk, and lt
-was really wonderful to watch how thli
balm healed tho wound. Each day
thoro was a markod Improvement,
First tho wound In tho palm of tho
hand closed, and then tho flngor which,
hud boon bad so long b.gan to hoal.
Thn dlsonsnd flesh seemed to rlso out
of tho wound nml thon drop,off, and
<•><■■«•• Tin-iitl'v flw".h formnrt from bnlow,
pushing off tho diseased tissue, ln •
abort tlmo the vtuuiid ».u> wutyhlv})'
healed. Had wo applied Zan.-I.uk at
first wo might hnvo saved tho flngor,
"Wo hnd another proof of Zam*
Buk'B power In tho ensn of my son.
When two years old ho had his hand
fondly JtiSTitiKu., unfi \\u%w s»m_ <aj U>
umputated and It left a running soro
for somo months. This wound, also,
■was finally healed by Zam-nuk,"
Tor chronic sores, blnod-polnon, utters, abscesses, wtAp sores, plies, erup*
tions, Inflamed patches, eczema, cuts,
burns, brulsffl, and all skin Injuries
and diseases K-._n-l.uk la without equal:
fide, box all dru|r..lstB and stores, or
post tree from /_i.m*iiuk Co., Toronto,
for price. Have you tried Zauj*Buk
Soap?   25c tablet.
Ledger Ads Always Get There
W. J. Cole
u ' — '
Hair Dressing
, * _
Bowling Alley
Drop In
**" ~ ir
and ,.
attention    a
Meals that taste like  J
- mother used to cook ■'■'■'
Best in the Pass
William  Evans, Proprietor
Liquor Co.
Wholosale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
The Hotel
JL/ A JL. _L_r jftr. o
One of the
■■■*»   tCS.  C* T"
C, J. ECKSTORM      Prop,
Lethbridge, Alta,
_ y
-_.-**-" rr
. It was said of oiaen^I_n_5?
A'"He hath put-down1 the^Slghty, froin'
their seats'and hath.exalted'them-?of-
low degree." V,.yv- /.*£:-"A ""y -' ;?
But in the present day'^God-'helni'
those who help JthemselyeW," and not
until those of'low".degree'raise,themselves dorth*e" seat_i"#*qf-,.,the- mighty*
shake and quiver.,ana threaten to top.
pie.   '--*'-;,    --A-. ■/ yy '-'-■>■
Out of the Black/darkness bf a thou;
sand hideous coal,,pits,the ra.ner3 of
England have riseii.-a'^niillion strong,
lifted" themselves literally out of the
bowels of the, earth, and confront their
exploiters,'the might'.; ones of the lnnd.
who, astounded hy the* grimy apparition now tremhle to' their seats, and in\
panic fear endeavor. to placate the
iucnstrous earth-gnome their, oppres-"
siou and exploitation has called forth
from the depths-of the pit..,
Gone is their arrogant assumption
superior, ability, gone their pride
7Sq *:r^y-A;^p?_. sv<-v-i
;t'y'A?7'^-   -:yWfikK\i
iidebus coajHpiJ*) the. paj-Uai illgt^f
in's*-;15>>ams-,he "Tyill-' know? tp'-the;!) iter-*?.
cf liitellect and assurance of domination, vanished ls the hope of exorcising by force of arms the terrible Labor genii they have called Into Buch
menacing being by their enchantments
and Incantations.
With folded arms, this tremendous
apparition, earth-stained, and grimy
with, the ill-requited toil of centuries,
with pick, shovel and crowbar lying
idle at his feet, awaits what his erstwhile masters n^ay..decide. - ,
They have called him, and he waits.
And the world' of Industry waits with
For in a thousand mills the noise of
the looms, is stilled, and the wheels
have ceased to revolve; on a thousand .iron roads the-mighty engines
stand cold and idle; In a hundred har-
bors°the giant steamships lie motionless at the docks or, swing with the
blind tide aimlessly at their moorings;-
in a thousand warehouses' a million
bales lie immovable—and Labor -waits.
■ -And the mighty ones, who hav3 exalted , themselves arid who have lived
in pleasure on the earth and been wjin-
ton, who have- nourished their heart's
as in a day of slaughter, and kept
back by fraud the hire of the laborers:
Their gold, and silver is cankered
and their riches' corrupted, and the
rust of it Is as witness against them
and eate.th' their .hearts as it were
fire:,.   '      '"      ''    :'
And Labor waits.
•And in.their'high council chambers
there Is wonder" and affright, and babbling, of- tongues and vain repetitions.
And'-the higir-'p.riests, and the rulers
and elders* are confounded and know
not what to do."   ",„      -       '
are takings the' holy- vessels in the
Temple of Mammon,' their eternal laws
of supply arid:'deman'd, of.wages and
competition, and freedom; of contrac*,
the - sacred" parchments* which were
written-for them'"by thoir wise men,
that their kingdom might.endure forever, , and. casting the': fragments 'of
them as a peace offering at tho feet
of the grimy giant w,hpv waits outside..
Though' he askedjth'Om not, they offer unto him,a "mlnlmujn wage" as.a
concession to his Jpoyer: * Not with-'
out much confusion'.and searching bf
hearts among themselves, for as a
strong man ^araecl,} they havo kept
their house, and/howVthey fear that a
stronger than 'thoy;'. ah all overcome?
them and ,rond'from them their spoils
and their plnco shall'.know-them, no
more.'* "" .' ;,?y^AA ' "''
- And whllo thVoxpioiferi- and oppressors of othor lands loojc anxiously and
fearfully for thb? outcome, knowing
that ln tho fullness) of tlmo 1 hey, too,
will bo confronted with tlio eamo menacing appnrltlon— '* :t~    '
Labor waits with folded arms—con*,
slnorlng, dol-borntlng*y      ,.'.      ■■?_■
For ho Ib beginning to understand
his orstwlsllo mafltora-■* their dccolt.
treachery, hypocrisy'and .cunning; tho
Innumerable times ho has boon do-
colvod by tho"jr falSb.promlsofl;-their
Klfts of Dead Sea apples that have
turned to dust anil ashes In his mouth;
tholr cruelty nnd lyongcanco In formor
yoafF whon thoy doomed him helpless •
tliolr present hypocritical whlnli;..
m.ent the sufferings of tho poor, an-,'
tholr sudden solicitude for tho "hi.
inanity" thoy haw heretofore oxplolt*"
1l\ nnd defrauded And trnmplod umlor
tlolr hoofi,
IIo Is w.ir;* of Iholr promlsos—and
Iin waltfl,
ll la thoir movo,
Down In tho darlmoss of tno ml'ti,
tnlllni., Bwonllnr., dying In hont and
cold, racked with cIIhouho und tor*
nionlfd with luniRnr, ho hns boon
11 rood I iii? upon those thltiRB, while ltU
lahor Hent (ho natlonnl llfohlooil cours*
Iiir throupli thn nrtorlon of Industry
nnd production, nnd upon his sliould*
orB was bolng'horno tho bunion of tho
world—tho world which his oppres*
sor« deemed lliolr rightful horltnRo
nnd which In now quivering nml crumb
Hub underneath thorn as tho result
of his nrlBlng: Just an nineteen hundrod yonrs Blnco It Is recorded tho
earth was _Wu.j.tm mid the vo'l of tin)
tomplo rent in twain as a portent of
another resurreellon that wan to com**,
For Labor has (iilinui, nnd his urln-
IiiB Is rendlnR tho ovll of the Tomplo
ol Mninrnon, ol tlio inonciy chUTiKtirn,
and throntons to topple'tho mighty
ones of earth from their neata,
Tlo may know not to tho full tlio
purport of Ms own arising; ho may,
porlmpn, through somo Blight conco*.-
•.Ioti, hf. tonipomrlly unit Imrlr In sullen antlnfnctlon to tho pit whenco ho
ling dft.fv.. hlmsMf, nftor fllprglnn 'or
oenlurtos for olhcrs; h« may nol a*
yet undcrttnnd lo thn full his own
pow*r, nor formulnlo nil his heart do*
slrVts; hut hn Is learning; ho Is aaaulr-
Inj. lj.oirlffli.er <*T*n In lho daric and
most what'he..demands, and-rwhy,.and
realize he> ha&;.the power.-;'t6/take;' if;
auv'.df.re refuse: y
" -Jyttiuiant- He may. be, but' he".-.3 ■ a'5,-;'
quirnig- knowledge. . Laborythe" Cail^"
ban^of modem society,' is learning*hla,
letters, f '.Ugly,' misshapen','-, moristrous
as.ho.m'ayfappear to,the,;cultured ari_s-;
toe'rat^and'the exploiter ttwW has usui^p:
'ed;^o\!'dlyin'e° right" pf, t_ib old kings'
crf|earth?';he Is yet the;work oi* thelrt
hands, he"' is ' what -tliey,. have made
him in'-the'-past.-'and t^e-'measure theyj
•have'meted out, to hlm';h6?*will in'turn
mote':'to them.",'1 For he**,is-^he'*5chlld
of Capitalism, and "thehelr apparent.
Slowly and painfully acquiring the
knowledge "of his . heirship.' and^ his
heritage, the earth? That earth, ori
which , for centuries o was deemed,
and so deemed himself,' a beast of
burden, is his, when he'has acquired
full knowledge of his po8se_tsIon"there?
of. His claim will then be his title,
and none can question It.
The knowledge he now lacks ls possessed by'his masters. Well they
know his arising means the beginning
of. the' end for them. And right well
do they know that though they may
persuade hfm back to the pit with
large promises and ■> meagre concessions, he will arise again and again,
ever mightier.than before, afld others
with him, finally comprehending his
full wants and their powerlessness to
resist his demands. That when he
and his fellow^toilers, those who load
the great ships and go down to the
sea in them, those who move the
wheels on' the network, of iron roads,
those who slave iii' factory, mill arid
workshop arise in "unison as he has
now risen. Labor will-not wait tho
decision 'of its exploiters. He 'wiri
lake instead. The waiting time will
have'.been* spent.  ,
But for the present, .while the giant
Labor is'waiting, he is thinking also.-
and bisjthoughts are accumulating the
, knowledge  which   is  power—power,
the one thing needful.''
Their Vailing , moves "him not, nor
does his ear. attend to" the babbling of
the chief priests -and "the wise men.
t?*e prayers of the churches, the vain
repetitions of "the1 royal -1 counselors
and parliamentary intriguers, " the
dreary, platitudes" of the writers, and
the pleadings of-the "humanitarians';
who rebuke,hjm for his idleness,- aud
the "starvation vof millions who suffer
from'his abandonment of-toil. -These'
thing's are "of :small;:account. .Vho
starvation of ■ tens' of millions never
before•"disquited'hlsv^advisers, while
he'-'.toiled, and' also starved. * He , i<_
thinking now. of. weightier matters,-
and'even starvation/is of no imra'e-.
diate importance.''- ' It has been borne
so long in the' past that- a trifling increase now is of no great moment. La-
bor though'walting and apparently Idle
is busy in another- way—busy think-
irig.y; It is unusual-and unaccustomed
activity,-and he must. be given time.
Ho' will take ■ time anyhow, i And
'f'hllo" he "meditates,'-'let; his advisers'
"for tho time being present what they
have to offer him, and-he will consider that also.-- There "is no, hurry.
Great issues, such as tills, need deliberation.' . Therefore, Labor wnits.
-" Trtie. tlmo is not yot'arrlved to put
his house In, ordor. When it has ar-
rived,-his flyst task will'tie .to clear
his advisors out of tho premises.
',.-- a   a    a    ■ \
-    t   ' *'■ i
In one of his most'beautiful pooms
Victor Hugo Bhows up* tho Satyr of
Mount Olympus, rising, hairy and
black, Into the^proud assembly ot tho
'gods.' Thoy greet him with rovlllngs.
,Hot,responds with a song of defiance.
M/0*r,cury gave hi mills flute. Apollo
subdued, reaches out to him his lyre
Tho revolutionary song rises'like nn
Increasing shout to tho vault of heaven, nnd tho slngdr In hia trim expands. Thb Immdnslty ot space enters Into this blackiform:, lt ls tho en*
tiro world which rlaos anil overthrows
Urn throne of Jupiter.
Is not Soolallsmj tho Satyr of tho
Logon (1 of tho Conhirlos? At first,
foohlo llko him, c|ivorod with mlrn,
nnd hairy, cIobpIhoiII whon ho appears.
Later, thoy four hlm-j whon ho begins to
Riow. Ilut behold him growing alllll
IIo Bolzon tho fiuth of Morcury; ho
rmrph Apollo's lylo; ho gnthors to
hlmBoir nil tho powers of art, nil tho
arms of science; ho rloos boforo
those who thought IhnmHolvoH lmmor*
tnl.and soon, hlA foot upon tholr
throno, In tho1 fulln.L of his powor, ho
in his trim will cry to thorn.
"All must glvo -|nyl,    I am Panl
Jupiter, sink to thy knees!"
.   .1   .
And now Is tho icurtaln arising on
•this Ugonrt of thojcentiirlos, nnd alrondy there nro four and trembling.
nnd porliirbntlon nriiong lho old gods
of tho Capitalist OlympusA   ..Hla.ck
i....l   I.,!'.,   i,.,f   L__l.^(   o<ii>.   littB   likdi
bpforo thnn frcrn. Ihe bnweb c>f 13jo
olirth. n million ntrfmg, over expanding
and growing ovor mightier. Ho waits
but tfioujKli ns yot only mutely ehnl*
longing tho Tlrltlsh gorlfl of capital*
lijfv.        Hn      nni.ii,.,   ,lt^.. -* il     _ _,-t1
*  *i'< 'Wm <t* t*Hi'_.       i« W_i h<_-_
form Is noxiously an dfcarfully look*
ad for by tho plutocratic gods or other lands, ospoplnlly thoso of Amorica,
Oormnny and Franco. What ohall
thoy nny to him whon ho appears In
tho fullness of his stremxlh? Or rath-
or, whnt shall ho say to.Ihem? Shall
'wo not npnln hear tho echo of tho
words of the Pagan'myth^'the'^:an.
nouncement: "All,must,,giveaway!;','!
aVLabor! "I am\tho Wcirldfand ttie:
world is mine!" ' ^-'y^y^i'i".'"" .
::lfor this great"British ?upri_*irig'_i3
the';,cloud, oncel'-no 'great"er.7than sr,
ifcan's barid,.'thaV'now^ap_y_ara;Tas a
shadow portendipg*-,- the] dusk'>j,pf,f.the
everiing of' the -,'old . capltalistAgods.
The ,;first great battalion mustering',
for'the storming of,Mount- Olyinpiia.
?l-e' advance guard* of .the,-gathering
hosts of Labor, the .'final conqueror ~pt<
airy " A. -■ A.-fvA"'1? *
yfcabor is arising.- '..Those of low do-
'grjESUare emerging from.-,the- pit, .and
"their,? arising is, shaking, the foundations of the old orderto'f.the ".world,
.'andVtoppling the. seatsN6f ?the mighty,
who", imagine themselves forever" lords
pf?*therearth and of their fellow men.
—New York Call.      .,'    '7    ' *
Wanted  ;
' WANTED by the Hillcrest Co-Opera-
tiye Society, Ltd., capable manager for
general store; also thoroughly qualified Book-keeper. Apply, with references and salary expected, to John S.
Bowie, Sec-Treas., Hillcrest Mines,
Mombors of the Victoria,Real'
Estate Exchange
Write us for information about
homes and investments in victoria
P.O. Box 900
Cor. Fort and Quadra Sstreets ,
SA/Mb Gun
*■ Rubber Type Printing outfit c>m-
plate—Splendid magic lantern (wlti Vi
slides). Steam engine (nearly one foot
high) with whistle, flywheel and every
thing complete for .running;** solid
Gold Signet Ring, or Guaranteed
Watch free to" any boy. Send your
name and we will send you 30 sets of
beautiful season, birthday and othc
post cards, to sell at ten cents a set
(six cards,in a set). When sold, send
us the money, and we will send you
whichever prize you choose. For selling 40 sets we will give you a Simplex
Typewriter, or a "Daisy" Air Rifle. We
prepay all charges. Address, HOMER-
WARREN Co., Dept. 128, Toronto,.Ont.
', the fireman has done his best
and, lost out, is then too late
to consider about a-policy of
' flro insurance. For your protection , you - Bhould
Insure in our
to-day. ■ The cost for adc-°
qua te Insurance' to warrant <
you against financial Iobb will,
not bo groat,' -
Why not gat our rates aud
guard your interests beforo It -
Ib too lato?
Solo Agent for Fornlo
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable French
rrench n**uUt.rinever (dill, Tlictt
leulnffly powerful In reffulntlng the
rtion ol tni) (emile.fiv'tem, Kef-me
pills ire atr.at
 orthrei     ... _ 	
Tht iMtMll Draff Co,, St, Ca__u_rlnei, Oat,
Keneritlve portion ol tlio lemile i	
■Jl chenp Imlt-tloni. Dr. _)• Van'i art 10I1I at
it>« box, or three lor 110,  Milled to any addreii,
Keep on Advertising
General Dealers
Living Prices
Dry Goods.J Boots, Shoes
"Meh.s Furnishings
Groceries, Fruits
■>'.. .-
Bellevue, Alta.
,"?'.-''   ?v - .'*.
!■■■■'  "."''">
Stephen T. Humble
Dealer in
Hardware,  Stoves,   Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
Bellevue Hardware &!^ Furniture Co.
Headquarters for
House Furniture and Hardware
A Complete line of      " *' Look around first
Every day a Bargain Day Here,
. .»....
, Hillcrest^ Alta;
_',.-, "- * • ( ^       l     - "  A ~       ■        r       "_''>- "     ' '
' ' - ■■     . \ (    ^
Glean and Comfortable
Tasty Meals    ;
: '        y y  - ,.-,    ■■,,•';   >;?*,, y-7,~- 7 *,,;";    "■'■';  ".:
'      H.J. CUNNINGHAM,'Proprietor.-.' 7    "
' I s "| ' 1 _ ' "* * ""
y ^    '' -' "^ X   ■
' - *    ;    Wo carry a full;line of. '*      ..     ,
' -',      ' "* . i " ,   y . <i - - ■
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :•:        Frank, Alta/
And Nothing but the Best In Frosh
and 8mokod Moats, Fresh , and
Smokod Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc. Etc.,goto
8AM GRAHAM, Manager PHONE 41
r I
10 Cents Off Each Dollar
A Trial Order Will Prove This:   Send It Along
Dry Goods,
mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmtmmammm. Immmm
Why ' Support "Mail  Order   Houses
Support the
, Stores that belong to the People
Fair Conditions and at least an
All-Hound Saving to You in cost
SE, Co-Operative, Coleman g_ V
A' ■
i; ■
-•,£K --5'---.-, a.;«"
yy .■,■■'
the^isMct i^DGEfe^FJiiNiE; b. a, ..^Bsn^'i/im
, £s' "• -
, (This article Is abridged-from Pear-
-,.    son's magazine for April, and is Writ-
.„ '•. ten by Allan L,, Benson", author of
"•? "Socialism Made' Plain."., ■ Get the
magazine and. read the article com-
, pie te..  ]Also"s__ow..it to your neigh-
-.   bor.)    * '  7  r
- The occupation of the Bcarlet woman
is said to * be the' "eldest* piofes-
. sion." If so, the robbery of man by
man ls the oldest trade? It Is as old
as the human race. . It had its origin
... in the difficulty of producing enough
of the material necessities of life.
The earth  was-lean....    Man  was
weak.     Never was there enough food
for all.     Many must suffer.     Some
' must starve.' •     . .
What wonder that man robbed.man?
Self-preservation is the first' law of
.nature. • .      *
'.'But  what  wonder!  also,'* that "the
7 robbed should .resist those who robbed
-. them? .-.Tlie robbed, too, have instinct
'.of self preservation.  _ They too' want"
'•'to' live,'".y'All through the a&es they
.'-'have, fought for  the', right \to7 It ve.,
•'-".'   '"' yBy-the" sheer, force of numbers they
S.W--   \ have .driven their'exploiters from.pil-
"■ ,.'.,'   , ; lar;.to? post.     Again and again, they
', ;•'_ A have , compelled their exploiters'','to
yy"' .',' abandon one method of, robbery, only
. yv.y. to see them, take-up another., "And,
,'■■    J""*', though some men no longer own oth'er-
;--A-     , «r men's bodies., some., men. still, live
*y '.. .  .by the sweat of, other'men's* brows.   v
v"7    r    The question'Is:'" Must this go on
i'A' .' 7 - forever?  Must a few; live-sq! far from
:"."   ,  ;    poverty that"they .cannot seelt, -while
'*■   ;';•■.., the.rest live.so close:"to it that'they
- A"    ,  .cannot see anything else? ■  Must mil-
y' ;\':S'.Upna of. women work in^ factories at
■ } *"yr[ men's; work, while millions  of ■ men
-.? ■ ■,.\-y.,'walk:'tlie streets unable tb;-get, any
', ■'■'-' y^pTk? A Must* th&'cry of /child-labor1
- forever"sound to.high heaven? k'*    "
;■   -.--.-'.' No.man-in.his senses will say that
•.yy. -r  * this situation must always exist.' Hu-
'yyyyyman. nature revolts af.it.  -The wrong
"a*).- yy.S. ot 'lfc- f°"ses the 'feelings- even be'fore
'yy.y :';-'.r ijytouches the intellect.-/   Something'
■• " /y^lli.-a''Hs tells .us\to cry?:out'and "to
'. /-, '?. -keep*crying;out.until we*find'relief.
•',..;   '." " We-have, tried almost" eyery;'remedy
'"'" '"' '**tK,a^;has been'.ptferedJtbJ-is^hut^ftvpr.y-
y-J remedy we-have, tried has"?faile'd.-The
.- ,-j hungry- children "are,still-.witlfus..Tlie
[y hungry?w6men are\stilVw'it__;up>v.7 A,
'V'vYbur Republican insurgent.fecogniz--
"es: these'.facts  and. says",something
. "" is'-thevmatter."'Ydur'l^mo'cratic Tnsur*
a *gent also,,recognizes'*these, facts'- and
7,V says something is • the' matter. - But if
.'. yyoii will carefuliy^llsteii to these,gen-'
.,-:-'tlemeri,.you' 'wiir'observo that''neither
■A? of them "believe much*Is the'ma'tter. '.■
/"..   ^Socialists differ'from'each of these
:' gentlemen.. Socialists.say.'much is the
,   matter'with this country.'1 '."Socialists
f,; say much is the matter with any coun-'
"try, most, of whose, people' are . in
want or in foar of want, and somo
of .those peoplo are whero want never
•• comes or can come, _,. Somo such con-
\. dltlons might,*have,boon tolerated,a
thousand years ago.     Socialists will
not. tolerate them today,  , Thojr sny
the time for poverty passed wheaman
, , substituted steam and" electricity for
->; his muscles and machinery, for hln
■',  fingers. . - ,
"-,   But poverty did not go out when
fitonm.and electricity, came in.     On
tho contrary, the fear .of want became
intensified.,    Now,-nobody who ,ho$
not.capital can live unices ho can get
ft job.    In tho days that preceded the
steam engine, nobody had to' look for
., . ft Job.     Everybody .owned, ,1.1b own
Job.     Tho shoemaker   could   mako
' bIiocb for IiIb' neighbors.    Tho weav*
era could woavo cloth.   Each .could
work, at his trade without anybody's
permission, bocaiiuo tho tools of their
trndos wore few and Inexpensive.
Now, neithor of'thorn can work nt
hlti trndo, booauso tho tools of hln
trndo hnvo bocomo numerous and ox*
,• pensive,    Tho tools of tho slioorank*
1 or'a trndo are In tho great factory
thnt covoro, perhaps, a dozon noroB,
- ^ sBy Allan.L. Benson- .-"''
The tools of the weaver's'trade, are
in'another enormous factory.*" Neither
the* shoemaker nor -the weaver can
ever hope to own the tools' of his trade
Nor, with the little hand-tools of the
past- centuries,- can either of them
compete with the modern factories.
The shoe trust,* with steam, electricity
and machinery, can make a pair of
shoes at a price that.no shoemaker,
working by hand, could' touch.
Thus, the hand-workers havo been
driven to knock at the doors of the
factories that rich men own and ask
for work. If the rich man sees a profit in letting the- poor men work, the
poor men are permitted to work. If
the rich men cannot see a profit in
letting the poor men work, then the
poor men may not work, Though there
be the grektest need for shoes, if those
in need have no money, the rich men
lock up their factories and wave the
workers away.- The workers "may become tramps, criminals or maniacs;,
their wives and their* children may be
driven" into the street—but the rich
men;who closed -their' factories because .they could see no profit in keeping? them open—these rich'men take
no part 'in the responsibility. They
talk about the "law's of trade," go tp
their clubs and have a little smoke,
and, perhaps next week give a fewdol-
lars to "worthy" charity" and forget all
about the workers.
Now, Socialists are extremely tired
of all this. * They say it is all wrong.
Not only do they-say it-is all wrong,
but they say they know how to make
it right. -.7 They do not propose to
do any small job of tinkering, because
they say that'if,-spnall jobs of tinkering were enough* to'cure the great evil
of. poverty," .we-should'have cured it
long ago.-; They'say we have been tirik
eri'hg with tariffs,'-income .taxes and'
the money ' question for, jb. hundred
yeara without reducing either want
or the fear of want.?):,By, this, they
mean,that'we haye.'neyer'cut the tap
root upon which robbery'grows.;.. The
serfs cutoff the tap; root? when they
threw off chattel\slavery, .but.another
tap-roof has grown-and we have'-'not-
yet-discovered;,where.y-tov-8trike. 7,7
. ■_ The,. Socialists say.-{.hey know where
to strike.'1- ,7, -y -_A„'*?' ? ■■"'""*, :
,' Socialists observe past" and present
Industrial .''life' and - thereby forecast'
the future.-*.-' Paradoxically,- thei),- the
Socialist remedy is not a Socialist re,'-
tnody. - ,If it Is anything. lt''''l's..the remedy that evolution-is'bringing to us.
Socialists see,wha't evolution is brlni.-'
ing and proclaim it.'^much; as a trainman announces-the coming of a train
that ho'.already sees rounding a curve,*
., Let nie tollVstory to Illustrate'this
point:' ,.,,', . ' •- \'-: , ; ■ '•'.'
,' Seventy years ago, Socialist writers
predicted and accurately described the*
trusts as tliey "exist today. '.Nobody
paid much attention to the predictions
or the descriptions. Nowhere in th'.
world was ' there   a   single  .trust,
Nowhere, iatho world wns* nny
one thinking of forming, ono. Tho
first trust was not formed untll'nlmoot
40 yoarB later, - - ' '• ..
Tho trusts woro predicted bocnuso
tho steam engine hnd been Invented
nnd brought with it machinery. The
Invention did not mean* much to most
people. It inonnt everything to thojo
onrly Socialists, ■ Thoy saw its Blgnlfl-
qnnce. They snw that it meant ■ n
transformed world. Nover ngnln
would tho world bo ns lt hnd nlwnys
been. Novor ngnln would tho amount
of wonlth that mnn could cronto bo
limited by his won). niUBCloa. Stonm
nnd ■ machinery hnd como to do not
ohly whnt he had "boon doing, but
whnt ho hnd novor dreamed of doing.
Tho only leeson tlint'tho rich mon of
tho day lonrnod from atonm wns that
It monnt moro money for thorn. Tho
rich mon of tho dny,1 by tho way, woro
in nood of a now method of oxplolln*
tlon.    Serfdom hnd Just gono down In
the Napoleonic wars, and some" men
were no longer able to exploit other
men by claiming to. own "the othor
men's bodies. Exploitation, through
the private ownership of land, _ still
contlnued,_it is true/but a man who is
working by hand cannot be ^much exploited because he cannot make much.
What I means by this is that he cannot bo exploted of many dolla.3. Ot
course," he'can be exploited of so great
a percentage of his product that he is
left starving, but the mnn who expioi'.s
r-im will not be much richer. That ib
why there wero nt, b-rcHt fortuii'.-. ab
we now know them !n the days beforo
tbo machinery ago. Wealth was loo
difficult to make.
But to return to our story. - The invention of the steam engine gave the
rich man of the early eighteenth' century the opportunityo of which they
stood much In need. 7 Factories cost
money. „The workers did not have
any. . The,rich,men did.. The rich
men built factories. That is to say,1
the^ thought they were only building
factories, - As a matter of-' fact they
were taking, over from the hands of
evolution the poor man's tools. Never
again were working men to own the
tools of their trades. ' Their tools
.had, gone down in the' struggle in
which the survivors must be the fittest.   «    ' ' ' '
All of this the early Socialists saw
or reasoned out. They saw the rich
men of the day building factories.'
They saw those who were not-quite
so rich'joining together to .build factories. • Little co-partnerships were
springing up all over the world. Every-
bodyv competed with everybody else in
his ' line. ' Manufacturers multiplied,
and it became'the common belief that
"competition was the life of trade."'
"% The early Socialist'writers 'who'predicted the trusts did not believe competition was the „Iife of trade. Tliey
believed the inevitable tendency- of
competition was.to kill itself.". Their
reasoning,'tookAhis' form: -. y
'-"."Manufacturers,engage in business
not because"they .want to supply goods
to the- public,- but, because, they'-w'ant
converti__g.ti.eprivate mondpdiles?lntp
public monopoliesAin other "wprds^jiV
letting the "government own' the-trfisto
and. the 'peopff ;'own the^ government.
This-may/s<_em*-like whatV,Mjc,'7T_tft
would .c?ali.a^''patent nostrum,^'vvit- Ys
nothing;jpf the; kind? ' It is;' no-more' a
patent'InostrumVthan the*),trusts are
patent; nostrums.. Socialists. invented,
neither private ripr public" monopolies.
Socialists did not kill' competition.- ,
Competition killed itself?" Socialists' simply were ,able to foresee' that
too mych-eompetition would-end ail
competition"and thus give birth to
private;-monopoly... And, having- seen'
thus far they, looked a little .further
and saw that private monopoly would
not be an_ur|nlxed blessing. They
saw that under it'.robbery would . be*
practiced in ne\y, strange and colossal
forms. '.' Tliey knew the people would,
riot like, robbery .in'any form. They
knew they would cry out against it as
the are crying out against the trusts
today. . And they' believed that after
having tried to destroy the trusts nnd
failed at that; after having tried to
regulate, the trusts nnd failed at that,
thnt .the peoplo would cease trying to
buck evolution, and get for themselves
the benefits of the trusts by owning
them. y      ■ -,'*'"'
This is the gist of real Socialism,
the very core—public ownership of the
trusts combined with public ownership
of the government.,   .
h a protection and guarantee
against alum which is found in
the low priced baking powders.
' To be on the safe lide when buying
baking powder-, examine ibe label and
take only a brand shown to be made
from Cream of Tartar.
"Inasmuch7 as the question of-v who"
shall -make,,'the- profits depends upon
who shall";sell*jthe goods,.manufacturers will compete, with "each other Jo
sell;goods.*-;,y7 ,"•'' A A ' AA"
'Manufacturers-.will be able to com-'
pete and still.make.n profit'so long as
the demand,for;goods far.exceeds.the
supply.' y; ;;*.,., •-.     .,. ' ,"-.
But tlio''demand-'for goods will not,
always far' exceed'the* supply.' The
opportunity to make profits will tempt
other capitalists~'to, create' manufacturing enterprises.' y The market wlll-bo*
come glutted with goods, because.mo're
'will have been produced than'the'peo'-
pie cnn pny for.' ' ^
• Competition- among mnnufacturers
will then becomo so fierce that profits
will first shrink and then disnppea'.*; -
Manufacturers, to' regain" their-profits, will then cease to "conipote..; Tho
strongest will, buy out or crush the
wonkost.^ Monopolies will be formed,
prlmnrlly to end competition nnd save
tho competitors from themselves,' but,
hnving boon formod, thoy will' also be
Mind you—this rensoning Ib not new.
It ls seventy year's old. It sounds now
only, bocnuso it hns ao recently come
true, ; Nobody whoso eyes are opon'
now bollovoB .tliat compotltlon is tho
llfo of trade. The phraso has died
upon tho lips,, of the vory mon who
UBOd to Bponk It. The Into Sonntor
Hnnnn wns ono of tho mnny who used
to bcllcvo thnt good trndo could not
bo whoro competition wns not. nuf,
when the "gront trust movement of
1808 wnB undor way, Sonntor Hnnnn
said: "It Is not n quostlon of whether
btiBlnoBB mon do or do not bollovo In
trusts. It Ib n quostlon only of whoth*
er business mon wnnt lo bo killed by
compotltlon or snvod by co-operation."
Ilo.wovor, tho oxUtonco of tho triiHtB
lo ample vorlflcntlon of tho Soelnlli.t
prophocy thnt thoy would como. Ami
tho triiBls camo ln tho wny thnt tho
onrly SoclnllBtB Bald thoy would como.
No Socialist ovor hns or ovor will
find fault with a trust nlmplyfor ox-
toting.    SoclnllBts tnko this position.
It Ih flying in tho fnct of evolution
It-Olf to tnlk about destroying or ovon
effectually rogulntlnii tho Unm
Prlvnto monopollof. ennnot bo destroyed except ns green npplon cnn bo
dOBtroyod—by crtialilng thorn nnd stay*
In*** thn Wo!*,*t''»««*i«.i.' »',..     ,.   n   i   y
loft nlrino, will yM<\ poet. fn,it,     "
SoelnllfltB Any thnt tho procesgen of
evolution should go on. Whnt do thoy
menn by this? Tliey monn thnt tho
Rood elements of tho trust principle
should ht\ prelaw** t«'* *',.. *;,.; i ,-•-
mont dOBtroyod. What aro tho good
olomonts? Tho oconomloB of lnrgo
woll-ordorod production, nnd tho nvold*
nnco of lho waste duo to hnphnznrd,
competitive production. And lho bud
oloniontB? nm powers thnt prlvnto
monopoly givoB, through control of
mnrkots nnd Bovornmontnl policies, lo
rob tha connumoi'.
Socialists contend thnt the good cnn
bo saved nud tho bad. dostioycd by
A general report ori the coal production and consumption of the principal
countries of the world, issued by the
Board of Trade, shows 'that the output
of coal-in the five principal coal producing" countries in 1910 was as follows: '
United Kingdom^ ?...   264,433,000
Germany  7... ,.'... ' 150,372,000
France ..'......".'      37,254,ot)0
Belgium' ...v     23,532,000
"United States   447,837,000
In each of-these countries, with the
exception of the""United Kingdom,; the
production in 1910 exceeded "that'-of
any previous year, their *aggrega*ce
being 923-million tons, or an increase
of 42' million tons on the output of
1909, and 27 million tons more than in
1907, when the highest previous total
was reached."- i ,       (-    J
Except ,?in'-" the United - States and
Germany the increases were small, the
former' country accounting for' over
36 million .tons,, and the latter for four
million- tons of the increase over 1909?-
In the' .United Kingdom- the output
in,1910-fell .short of that of 1907 by
nearly 3%''million tons. * Of the* '¥&
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When writing it will b« ■ distinct favor to ua if you will mention this paper. ,:.-", 7
•maining -countries' incIudedTIn' the .tab
ies.'vRiJissia.'^alone- had a- production
exceeding; 2Q million tons: "The total
known'.coai'productipn of the .world
(exclusive'?pf brown coal; pr. lignite)
in -lj-lO-.va.B" about 1,033 ? million- ton's/
of ..>hicl_- the United' Kingdom pro-,
duceil more' than one-fourth. As com?
pared,with its population,'the production" ,of: "coal iii the United Kingdom,
which amounts to nearly six'tons-per
head," still surpasses that in the United'
States,- where it is under five tons per
head'.     -'-     ,       ,/•'-•■ , ", -   ,
The average value* per ton lias' increased considerably in each ofyhe
European countries' -mentioned during
tho last 25 j-eni's,'- .'The output of .ooal
in, tlie'"principal parts, of the British
Empire in „910'was."
British India  -.' *.   12,017,000
Australia  ., .'      9,769,000
New Zealand ...;.;.' ■ ' 2,197,000
Canada   ; '.'..;    11,425,000
South Africa  .' 0,430,000
ylulOlO the production, of conl In
Canada, Now Zealand, and South Africa wns largor than has boon recorded for nny previous year, being ovor
2,000,000 tons moro in Canada, and
nearly 1,000,000 tons nioro In South Af*
rica than in 1009. '
• In India nnd Australia tne output
last year lias only been 'exceeded toy
tlmt of 1908. In Drltlsh India, South
Africa and Aiistri.Ha tlio avorago vnluo of conl produced was lower, nnd In
Now, Zoallnnd and ■' Canada higher In
oaoh of tho years 1007 to 1010 than,In
tho Mot hor Country,
With roffnnl to tho number of por*
boiih employed In tho coal mining industry a far larger numbor Is omploy*
od In tlio United Kingdom than In
any other country. - In 1900 tlio num*
bor of porsonH employed ln coal mining
nbovo and bolow ground In each of tlio
prlnolpnl producing countrleB wiih nt,
follows, viz:
Unllod  Kingdom       092,300
Unltod Htattm  ,   coo.flOO
Gormnny     013,200
Franco    ...,,   187.200
Belgium      113,000
The total consumption of conl In Uio
United StntcH is now cormldornbly
moio thnn twice no grent na thnt in
tho United Kingdom, which hns tho
next largos* coniiuniptlon. Tho con*
■sumption of conl pnr hond ln tho Unltod Kingdom wan 4.0J. tons, ngnlnst 3,00
I M ii
._»    t.ib    Jiill.ku.ut,    ..lui.
^ return nliovln_r the qi.a_.lH-' ol
conl consumed for locomotive purpo-vfl
by the railway companion In tho Unit
oil Kingdom shown that tho nmount of
coal no consumed wnB 12,472,470 tons
Tells of Coal Trade Profits
A clear understanding of the profits made in the coal trade would, I
venture-to think, be of interest to the
public at the present times, writes
Sir Arthur B. JVIarkham in the London Daily, News. Owing to the courtesy of the Chancellor of the.Exchequer'I am now able to state with a
fair, .degree of accuracy what these
profits are. The mineral rights-duty
impo'sed a tax of, 5 per cent on mining royalties, rents and way-leaves,
and this*, tax'.the treasury estimates
will for the past financial le'ar produce £330,000, or £20,000 less than
the estimated amount. The total royalties., rent j-and'way-leaves paid' by
the mining industry to the owners,of
minerals last ".year would thus: be "the
sum of" £6,6000,000. .... The\ gross
dom i'n"1909''were £16,614,322, and T
am informed^'by • the treasury.' that
aboutt-ll-12ths',of this amount /is derived from' coal'.mines; the gross profits from'..coal;industry'are thus approximately-; £'1'6,'200,000. .,.,.'."* .Deduct-
leg l-12th from-' £330,000,'the total'pro-
ceeds of'the tax, this gives us approximately ^fiSOO.OOO duty "at 5 per cent,
arising;from coal-(no.increment duty
the, commissioners' say in their report,
haslet *been lovled). The landlords
thus" received last.year a capital sum
of, approximately £6,000,000 from coal
royalties.-^ . -     , '
"   8lxper.ee a Ton       ;'
, The" output of coal for 1910. v/ati
264,417,588- tons;,, in-* 1909, the "output
was practicalyl the same, 263,774,312
tons. The gross profits derived from
coal - mines,' I-. have already shown,
amount to £15,200,000. 'From.this
sum the royalties paid to the landlords
have now to be' deducted. We now
have a gross profit'on the working of
coal mines of'£9,200,000, which'on the
outputs above stated represents-an
average gross profit of approximately
8 l-4d. per ton of coal raised?'
. - 7 •  *'     ."     *    .
A coal mine is a wasting asset, for
when the minerals'are exhautsed the
plant has no value other than, ;'or
scrap purposes. AA .". The usual practice is to charge 2d. per tori against
working costs, tor provide * a sinking
fund for. this redemption- in some
cases this amount has'to be from 3'd?
to'4d. per ton where, owing to water
or faults,.a heavy capital expenditure!
has been incurred. Colliery companies thus pay income tax, not only -,on
their profits, but on their* capital' ex-,
penditure." .The net profits-made in
this industry' are'thus, on the aver ..Re
about Ji l-4d per ton,-; The gross, profit of 8 ,l-4d cannot be questioned as
b^eing an under-estimate, for in tho
government. returns under mines aro
included profits arising from hundreds
of thousands, of wagons employed in
tho industry; profits from iron and
steel- works, foundries, brick and tile
making/and,many other like trades.
An average profit of 6d. per ton Is?,
therefore, a conservative estimate,
"Mr.'6. Richardson, the labor member for-Whitehaven," and Mr. Arthur
Walbank, .of the firm of John  Wai- \
bank, chartered accountants, Newcas- i
tle-on-Tyne, have recently, jointly'pub- *
lished a  book entitled "Profits  and'
Wages in the,Coal Trade."
Messrs., Richardson  and  Walbank .
state  that the" profits  derived   from
mines for 1909 were. £16,614,322, that 7
in" this year*997,708 persons were employed In mines, and that 5s, per Veek
can be added, to the miners', wages
all round, and still give a profit, tb the ';.
capital sunk in the trade of '3 per cent -
per annum on the average.* - ,
Some rich ."'business men-have form-   .
ed an organization'the avowed purpose" '
of which is'to fight "Socialitsic heres- '
les,"    .It? is reported that a-noted*'n- ■
struetof- liRsybeen—forecaster*"resign-**
from the faculty of an eastern university, because he'believed in-Socialism/
It is certaln'that a preacher was ask-'
ed' to  resign  from  a Fifth ..Avemie
church  (In New  York)   because  he
,'preached' Socialism.    The Marquis of.
Queensbury recently said .that. Ting-'
land had been saved from a'revoluUon '
by  semi-Socialism.   * Socialists, hold
the balance, of power in-the government of. Germany, and German Social-
Democrats are credited with 'having
prevented a war last summer between .
England, and Germany.'   And In our <
own country 'Socialism is increasing,
astonishingly.    Well-informed men expect'two million Socialistic votes at;'
the  next presidential  election.—Editor,' Pearson's Magazine.
tons in 1009,
and 12,403,303 tons In
Blsio nt (Hil,>. C'ltj* r.f TnliMo, T.Tic-nn ("mintr. *"•
I'rsnk i. CUM'/ liiMki-M natti tlm. |i„ |„ ►,iili,r
M-l-ii*. of th.' Dim »f l\ J, flit-iiey ^ I/.!.. ,|,i.
lm* I.ihIiii-oi Iii tin1 f'lfr nf Tii'inlii f,)im'y .ml
HUH.   nfun-snlil.   nml  llml   _«li|   firm  v.Ill   ihij-
th** nifi* «t iim: iii'mhii;i> ikhxaiih V»r
pnfh iitul i,..r,.  r.i.ri nf CdtK.rli f|,nr r,,m„t l,u
11 nil l,y lliu uh> ',i IUU • \niHrrtt t'liri,.
rii.ixi. j. ciiKxny,
R«nrn   tn Mnn- wii  nml  hi.i*,»?|!k>i1 (i mv
|,r<"tii(,, tl,i< <.\U &%j f.t itm-ibbiT, .\. li., lSMi,
"«>• <V "fl*. flUMHOV.
.NuUrjr I'ublU.
lUJi'i riUrrli run* It ukra liit.*rn«lty «m1
»«i» ^IrtTtl; «!■(« i...   »,1.»_i jn,-) i„,|rt,„_ .„r. j
f««*_ of t_* ■jrct.Bi.    titni  for  l.sllmwl.1.,)
V. J. rnf'NW,* CO., T«kJ*. ft
flol.l (•]* «)l Tlnttl ts, T.V.    ,
■Iftk- lull's Vsrollj puis fo. woilli'-il-a.
They are marked by a dclisfhtful
nimpllcityi thnt distinguishes tho
truly elegant.
Every style is a Fit-Reform
creation—every pattern is exclusive with Fit-Reform.
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
_______■ x>
"" *     - *~   '    ,    ? -   ;
\      "
->-- .-• ivi - ,■»-_!-,_ \*i*i-v?-v,V^*''" -*~- i'KV'T* *-    o *.V -." ,'-:J3;*t .•■:- •/" »""•-.' * 'l^f.i'i-.^.'^cAyr.'
•.%-,'"- ■•-. vi-^ffisr?.-'••>•"' ,---•,   .■'i._      ■'. ■» ,>• J.*r-i.y .«*■   .^^'..iX*.!*^*'*
A     ■   'AA,*-^ry   -   • A*- .'-A' - .       \<y\- - "■     \$&i$-y.X*:-:-* ■;
A --VA -,{ A-■>'*■-A.* A    -     -    >A*-.-    ,'7'.^A.7,
■% • ■ .*"* \u-iy^- :;:-f-A ^7%£y^&
■*. A • '.- ^ -*7._yc*y'y
- , v-«.t ■
yy x '" V®^ lisiirjj** &Kb$tix  \ X\
'. Published every* Saturday morning at -its officef Pellat Avenue,
Fernie, B.O, Subscription $t00 per.year, i^ a^yaiice ,. Aq exceueIlt
advertising medium. ' argest circulation i^-the 'District..':*" Advertising rates on application.-* • Up-to-date faci^^ f^« ^he ;^xecutioi, of
all kinds of book; job and color work. %U ordere receive special
attention. Address all:.co_nmunications tq.^g District Ledger. ,
-''-■•   y   -:        ':      ;'-* H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.   ■ 7 Post Off ice Box No. 380
Vli jLX_""*T7_t7.
jerbfpeople.are1 "willing to.beA'.filled witmr6jt,\»^a&ad:
.rarey^ are not all ignorant (tf miners.- S^y^yX^'
■OW'that the heat of the campaign is 0>ei: we'can take slock 0f
tlie situation arid our'environments. jn more cioseiy perusing
..the election figures it will bo found that the Socialist party has gained
dose upon two hundred adherents since tl\c bye-eiection in 1910. If
the vote be further-analysed it will-be «$<.n that tlie gaing are c^en
.-.till greater. The Socialist candidate in \g10 WftS j w Bennett, a"
man well-known in the Pass and one who i-$ p0pu]ar w£th all sectioa3
of the community and consequently must have reeeivej a iarg0 "per-
scnal" vote. ' -Davidson, on the other hi\n(j) ig a stranger, in this
part of the country, and had to rely sole)y upon the pr-nc;ples ilc
stands for. Another matter which must b*^ korne -n mind ig that t,)e
liihe the voters' lists were last made up th,, district was in an industrial turmoil, and little heed was given*by?the __, on strike to polities:.' Since then also, many of the work^rs have> th^gh force ?
circumstances, been .compelled to move e\sewhe^,e in ^eac]l of thnt
inevitable |«job." , And yet another instance {hat militated against
the. Socialist candidate was the fact that VLiborals in this eleetion
fully realied their own class interest,and a]lied themselves with tlw
Conservatives. "We do not regret this,,^ on the contrary rejoice'
-that the distinction between capital and l^)or jn this riding is com-
■ plete, and that the .fight between these ;t\Vo, opposing interests is a
; straight one.     The" Liberals, sooner or la-^ had to be driven into
• the Capitalist ranks, and that it came "soo^er>> makeg it all the easi(JV
, for us to achieve our, end.    In these circun>stanc(?g it -g not surprjs*i,g
that the Conservative's are for the time beii^g our Masters. The busi-
,  ness. element "to Led for what they consider "prosperity" and we
shall see how noon lhey will get it.    Perh^pg tliey win rea']ize ^ioT9
another election comes lo pass.that a country {s prosperous only when
the-mass of its inhabitants are contented.^ R0"adgj traj]g and bridges
'constructed as lhey arc by Ihe.worker for a miserable pittance, does
(. not necessarily mean-prosperity. ,  The av<xrage workingman doeg not
earn suffieicnt_J;o-enable him to ride on the roadg ho huilds'for Mac-
'kenzic and Mann, andthe rest.  / He how
*'hitting the "ties" he lays down." ?,
That' not all workingmen realize their- o{Vn precarioUS condition is
only too- true.y It. is unfortunate that? tlle man whonL.it. COncerns
. most—the lumberjack; the railroad constrt-.ctj'on manj_i8 blind to his
■■own interests.   , • Truly, "none.so blind as..those-whb"wiU' not see.'?
But, give them a few years of McBride's "Prosperity" and their" eyes
^ will be opened. ' When, they look upon the thousands^,miles'of "rail-
, roads they have built, wlien they look; upo^ their own.-haiidicraft !'ali'
• around them, and'when they look into their'own;^ty p^cket8 and
will exclaim, "What fools we'are!" A"    ( - • "-';.
"On thel'other hand,'the-vote of'the'min^ hag be;n m-gt gatiii}fao:
,   tory.    fernie, Coal Creek and" Michel h^Ve -done" exceeding.v well.
i That Fernie should turn up a-Socialist vote\vithin eighty -^ tue"c6n-
servative 'candidate is .most gratifying. ^he oddg againgt ug in ^
city with, its large business'Element, an^ still-more'^influential"'
' hotel vote, is enormous, arid the miri^s\vote must have, therefore, been pretty solid to-make up the 368 cast-for'Davidson.   This
- is but another proof' that, where man ar* given the,opportunity'of
getting together,'viz., in-the.large camps,, t),0 see-d and ger]Ti of' Social.
ism finds'a welcome' resting .place.    It is only in tho isolftted djstrictg
'far away from all cvilization'that darkn^s#8t*u hoWg sway> .Yet-
light must eventually penetrate oven theso. -remote parts*   ■   '*      -'
<subsidary-comp__nies,'J .v.?-'.'1,-? ' F'or^our part we "cannot help.tbink-
mg what a;numher-of people
we presume ithat?t__rey are not
y We are not;OUt .criticizing individuals or, even'the present-manage-
ment of.the-'^iii^^ttwb''are'out-t,o say that,;np}|man, be his?politics
or ereedVwhat'th^riiSy^vould. venture to asser.t1ji.hat the Cyowi3 Nest
Pass Coal Company$as'not been managed*witfi;a'nything?approaching sanity—.and,thiisjis;not too strong'a. statement. '"-No",business"
venture can'afford^p-.riin on the lines this company has been run.and
hope-to pay a "dividerit—and this quite apart-froin the'juggling of
''subsidary'interests." Tlie statement made .by the present manager
before. ther Conciliation'Board in Fernie isj.qne (if true)'-,that quali?
fies the management for.. New Westminster or" some other ^Government
place of -; detention A The B. C. Minirig and -Engineering^ Record's
comment about the shareholders getting-a .square-deal" is pathetic
when we compare some of the statements'that have, from,time\to time
emimjted from tlie,"officials'of th'er'C/N'.-P. C. C. of howjtbis company
was "up against it,"fyabsolutely the'most unfortunate eonc'ern'in the
west! And some of the mineworkers in Fernie and Michel'\vho are
" waiting ".for'.their • job will en dorse, this. statem'erit.'':'But* still the
game goes ori, and NOW—NOW we are.iu for "prosperous" times—
but 'tis passing strange that Elias' Rogers, of Toronto,* thinks otherwise. Perhaps the government will take a peep,at-things'as the B.
C. Mining and Engineering Record suggestst y   A   .."•,
Part of an Article in Collier's Weekly
■ir. for March  16."  ' ;"A    ".
By Frederic'C. Howe'
' \ ST-S^SIy^yyyrSy S~'--'-"-• 7V;7y. ... It■ yyy'S .-*>.■> r.y- v-,:.;^- 7?)
7'''».?7<y,;y>yy ■ ;yyA,v .:yA:-,v .-*   ? 7, ? .""'->,' ivy7;A-7>-A*   . -:",
». *t.- .j->>   ■    nr-.f : ,-...--,,-.,...-it ^,. ■■„. .--.■-..,,  ■.    y      - .„.."   T^ ,,' ..-->«-- .■- -■'.»'7 ''*'*-   ;!;'-"-'
'"ever, gets the'privilege of
The Socialist vote in the Fernie riding grows in spite of all the opposition and the tinkering with the votersUist..   \     S
, - —-*
The capitalists of this province have as good as told the Liberal
Party that "there is no room for him in the inn."
• •   ••-
What did it cost the Conservative Party to contest the Fernie Riding ?    Address replies to P. 0. Drawer 380, City. " -
-   o   i * #*#"*,'■ *
The vote in favor of churcfi union is notvery acceptable,to those
who thrive on, the differences, on rreligious questions.-    It's aneconp-
mic question after all.     ■        ' *...-'
# " *   # -,
The coriiment from various newspapers in the Province .on the result
of the'political campaign shows up-the mental prostitution of the
press in this part of the Dominion. ..    ' "      ';,"""„
i ,- _ i. .
The, McBride Government keeps its political machine well oiled for*.
election purposes, that's why you don't hear many Conservatives
shouting about the triumph of their principles.     Tlieir convictions
jiie by no means very convincing.       . ""   y.-
* ■ i"       ' -#,,*# ,    ■ .    ,
, : * •'<'.',
k The next,session of the B. C. Legislature will demonstrate to the
workers of this province that the interests of capital are represented
by 40 Conservatives and'the interests of the .working class by two
Socialists—the'class division cannot be hidden. ''.
- ■-* , * *    *   # .   * ' :.       ■' ,,,   •
-' 'We would-'draw the attention of our, readers that every British subject paying" his road tax of $2.00 -is entitled to be placed on,the register
at the CityTHall. ; For this purpose fie must makevhis application in
„pers'on.-'AThe'inc6nvemence is"but."little,'arid the benefits that-may
accrue from, avsolid-workingmen's vote,'are many and' great.   ....'."'.'f
' p ROM time to time the question of an oarly cloging d   ;,£or thc
' f" • benefit of those working in stores ancV0ffices is broaehea, and in
* Fernio it has been advocated on more tha^ ono o^on,    If w-e nje
not mistaken a prominent pastor of one W,our locftl clmrehes took
' up this question from thc pulpit somo tin^.^ , nowevor,'it does
not appear that anything has been done by thoB0 mostiy affootcd tQ
ensure thc granting of this privilege from tho mcrehantfi o£ tWg c;ilyi
t Tho warm weather is now upon us and tilongh wc do not f6r on0
moment doubt that thc employees of„tho v^Qm storos in th>JB city aro
imbued with what Lafargue calls tlio "pa^on for>0rfc*"- still there
is no gainsaying the fact'that a little moro ioif)lirc thftn. t'h   ' n t
would be henofitial. ' • * '   .' ' ■
Tn other part's of the Dominion tho mcrcHanif,;ilftVC ,- flt to jj ^
thoir employees on this question. Tn thin part of tho cmint whopQ
the proprietor or manager of a storo is \Vm^ ft wovl(or it BhouW
need po great amount of rensonirig to dmnftngtrftlo tho 1)CnofilR apcrn.
.inB both to himmir and his employees dov,tin(? 1|Rlf ft fl 0Mh'wook
to recreation.    So far as profit* arc concQVllC(1 thoM ,„ noth|     l0 ]w
„ lost if Uio more inntH-wilmaka a mutual "^angoniont ninongst thorn-
koIvch to close down for Diih short spaco oi| tj,no on<;|l      i
Snmo llttlo timo ngo: this matter wns tHPm,ll0lj oui JM NftlR0 nn(1.
tho morohanlR thoro, with hnfrono-oxeoplioj,, m,m] U) „„ 0|n,]y c,0f).
day .luriiiB the aummor months Tn innHt M\m\ counlnes this
matter n» been settled for ooino timo, lint hOTfl in lll0 Wm, j( ,„ mrc]y
nbout inno wo l.ogan to ronlwn thut life in I|ol nll0|rothoil ,tl|u1o jn
(lolliirs und cents.
"All work and no play" socms to'bo th, lnotl() ()f |( mn     of
tho bus.ncHH men of tho Wo»torn country Tho eler]ffl ]m,Q m op>
Rnnixaticn throuK i yrhieh «"»y ™n jn*iko «lny llomnndH f„r mmmx.
t on but horo w little doubt that if thoy m„ke tho,r g known
all fniMiilmleil citizens will support thou,.     Tho elwtftniorH of thn
Varioiia RtorcH do not need any persuasion lo nrpft    Q lho|p       ]m>
to mnt. v mt nrrnnRomonta nnn ho mnfln a)0I    ihoHO| llnMf    p  h
after all tlio bost way would bo for tho C.ty Connoil to pn«M nn vJ\v
uuniiik Hy-Jiiw, ii wii'ii is in timir iiwivmPPi wllioll wm,1(1 (}mmo'
receive tlio support of tho merchant.. th^wlv     ns wo„ M oJ1|
mteroNtod in thc welfare of those .whoso Wk Jb confinC(1 to offl
nnd Hlon»H,
WORKINaMAlJi       iV*"VttAW1 Wi)
On our front page we reproduce a cultW f,,)m lho ..Bi 0. mt'm
..lbnB.NH.rii.ff Borord" which, nooonll,,^ to ,mr {Kmym |nnkeR
ex«,ll,n  reading     l^rom this cutting i»0 ,onrn 1Jml m ^^
of  he (n,.s. >,.,* I ai* Coal C». ha:; hfon^,^,     ab()ul ,,,„ la
and app ylnK for rolwf.    Uni yoar tho m|ho work,rfl of l||J9
yrc ashing for rr-licf; nm   lownnls the m)(1 ()f <]|ftt ^  *
rtnko-a romnrkablo art.rlo nnpoam |n 01lr POnlMllporaryi Bnd
whirl, .ml mry nppraranr. of bomff ".«,„,„,,,„ Tn tho co;,rfiC flf
that article thc following oojitciiGO occurs. „Th(,v lMW |iwi|j fiUw,
np with rot as to tho concealment of profit,, throne)', tho operations of
- Long habit has mads'men- think in
term b of dollars. Long habit has made
.women think in .eras o" hushands,
children and unborn babes. ■ Men. vote
the terms they think in. , "That is
what the women did in Colorado..
They voted in terms of the home.
"I want a civilization in which one-
half the people will, vote' in terms
of humanity rather than in, terms of
I want to live in a, world that if
free from the law-made privileges that
beget the poverty from which wo all
suffer; free from the terror of hard
times, of lost Jobs, of periods of sickness and accident almost as fearful
as death. '
* i      -
I want to live In a world where one
hundred warships, costing $200,000,000
will not be proudly. paraded before
a city too poor to? feed Its hungry
school children; to live .in a .worl.i
where the opinions of long-dead grandfathers inscribed in constitutions will
be of less consequence man the mangled arms and limbs and the destitute
women and children of ,our 'factory
workers; where breaker'boys will not
be permitted in coal mines, ,-where it
will be criminal to place little children
hi canneries, chemical vats," glass
mills, or phosphorus factories. ,
I want to live in a city where tho
daily wages of women and girls will
support life; ■ where the lost job
means , something other than the
street or starvation. ' I want o live In
a country" wllere-prostitution will not
be the/price we pay for our bargain
counter economies; in a country
where ' the -"doors*: of the* prison will
open" outward for those who .have become tangled'In the machinery of the
modern-industrial world.,   '"•
, I want to live in a world that hates
these things, hates ttiem "so thoroughly
that it will abolish them.
', I want to live in a world, that thinks
of its people" rather than ,of business'
of consumers rather than" producers,
of-.users * rather than malrers, of- tenants .rather..than owners; in a world
where Iife-ismore Important thanrpro-
■Asjm^^mkL.^ "-*£*7*ta -: -r^i. ??-*
^oa__^ (r
"A        ■ ,"' *        i
Get a Water Motor Washer;
r      > ' i      *     > -i
and Be Happy
■r-ryr-.' ~. > •
•i       i
;i_    „-
r* - V -A- i
"That the most, gratifying feature of the campaign "'was .the manly
fashion iri which Mr. McBride stood up"to'~the>So'cialists" .(The "Week,
Victoria.) As for example in Greenwood, ,when the Premier descended
ty'abuse wheh!the Socialist candidate" requested the. privilege of using
the Conservative platform. '.'' , '.*--- ,-' -*_ -,,-•-.. 7',. S .
■-. j,        *, *'#,•#"''*'
Those who'voted for Ross arid Prosperity,*,will be aiixiously awaiting development^','- '7 Some of these' hopefuis do' not know howjt is
coming; but i_.-(ithey/cannbt get a.slice'for?themselves,-they will be
content that the rest of the people getsome share, even if it is only
$2.50 per'day'6n-'a railroad construction-gapg.    •  '7 ■",.' -.
■''."* * ,##,,»''*■ -' '  *    v  .
' ' - - t ,,- y > >•
, The,enthusiastic meeting hold by tho Socialists irt'the'Basement of
the Miners Hall:on Sunday evening.last is sufficient guarantee that
the work bf preparation for the next political campaign' is started off
iii no uncertain manner..   We are1 in-tho game-to Win,'and,behnd us
we have'the/intelligence of those who' produce tlio "wealth of the
world.     A*   7A   ',,'",■,  '-,';.. ,-/;,..'-".   -. '-'..A'v
' ■    * ■' **•'*"     y.- -•  ■
Wo had arerharkablc suggestion from a gentleman who thinks he
hns solved .thci,';Wholp .social probh*m;?!and his suggestion was that
all Socialists should get into a new'country and start (wo presume he
meant) on the'<.oinmuni.it principle,*';■'IT.' thought this would.be a,
great way'of letting them "experiment.',', For tho edification of that"
gentleman, and many moro like him,-wp would stnto that Socialists
—and when wo say'Socialists,•;we know Jliat wo aro talking about
tho workers—have no intention of leaving thc capitalist class an opon
field; and further, tho capitalist hns no intention of .losing an opportunity of exploiting tho worker by allowing his to depart into "a far
off land" find dwell therein. Under tlio present systom tho capitalist
cannot do withoiit tho Socialist and tho Socialist cannot do without
tho captalist—and .therein lies tho kernel of our offotts to destroy
the presont capitalist systom. Wo aro tho many— tho workors; thoy
aro tho fow—tho drones. .    !
Indianapolis, Intl., IMarch 29, 1012
To tho Local Unions, United Mino Workors of America, Sinter Craft
Organii.tioni. and "tho Public, in General,
Grooting:      *       -',.*' \
On Thursday, March 21.st,,]912,.a terrible dimi/Hor occurred at
McCnrlniii- Okla,, whorein eighty-four of our inomborR.loBt thoir Hvoh,
leaving behind thorn nearly 300 women and children 'dependents.
Tliere is no langunge flint win fully and adequately describe tho
heart-rending scones at this onco prosperous and progressive village.
A generous nnd sympathizing public has responded promptly for tho
present relief of tho fiiilTorors.
Tho dctailH of the methods of distributing relief for tho permanent
wolfnro nf thn -nrwlv l*n,-,. w{ v(.f l,ocn fujly'd•„■,!,.J Ui,M,„ TU.c
wNl prnbhW.v be n 'jn.nl (•nmm.llnc of ii)lcn'..i.s, wkdid lov Diu \iw
poso of taking full cliargo to «eo that Uio funds are used properly and
for those who may be in need now and in the future..
Wo aro of tlio opinion that n-pormnnonl fund Nhmild bo created for
tho rmrnnip nf .nlnn.*" enrn o*f nn*. nwnln      "\*.T.i ■•.-,..,n ,...«—i n.,.i ,.i.
_ b I I >_►    L    .,_«rt|^^..iW     W..M.U    .Mb..
moneys oontrihutcd or donated for tlie relief of the sufferers at Mc-
Curtain, Okla,, be forwarded to Edwin Perry, International Scere-
tnry-Treiisurer, 1100 Stnto Tiife l.uildin-?, Tiiillnnnpolw, Ind., and tho
amounts received will ho receipted nnd m-knowledgcd weekly
through tho columns of tho United Mine Workors' Jniiriml.'
, With tho hope that ..rpiifxcd labor and the general public will re.
«poiifl tn tbio nppon] promptly and 8.1 liberally us Him' uuiiuih will' pftrUam«uV>U)iii.y,'«S
tant,th'an property, aii'd humanjabo'r
more, valuable than privilege. "" '•'1':
?7 As" women are consumers, users',
"and tenants,", rather than producers,
makers "and owners,,! have hopes'for
a-society in which women -have •am1.'
use the ballot. '* '*' . -V-. •"'".
■ I want woman'suffragei.-because-1
believe women will correct • many, of
theseMawmade wrongs that man,has
made.- '■ FoJ.wfimen will vote In'terms'
of,-human life rather than In* terms of
special privilege.   .     y   -    A
Men might continue' to' vote for the
hunger taxes on all that goes onto the
ti?l*.!o. Men. do not know, how mnny
dollars' are taken-,from the wttokly
pay envelope because of tho tariff.
Wo'njan will know. 7,
/ And when she learns that the .piic*.
of-sugar behind the .tariff wall in
Nei? "Vork Is twice what it is,in Hamburg and London, she will want to
savo her share -of the, $160,000,000
that experts say the tariff exacts
from' all of us'for the. benefit of tho
Sugar Trust and planters, and beet
sugar growers. ■.   y
., Women with babies will think
more about the prohibitive cost of
woolen blankets, underwear and cloth*
ob thnn men do. Sho knows what
it is to pay, monopoly prices for
woolon 'goods which turn out to bo
Bhoddy or cotton; knows,tho cost of
sickness and industrial accldonts to
thoRo Blie holds doaror than her llfo.
Woman will havo to bo shown that,
wngos at $7 to $9 a week for a man
nnd $.* to ?0 a week for a woman,
with from 20 to 100 por cont dividends
for stockholders of toxtilo mills, Is
ronlly protection to Amorlcdn labor.
Womnn' doos not know tho moaning
of "bull-." and "boars/' of "long" and
•Wort," of, stocks and bonds, Sho
will not tvomblo whon Wall Stroot
throntons -to closo the banks and tlio
factories If Its privileges nro disturbed. Sl.o may got hysterical over
dirty utroota. Inndoqunlo bcIiooIs,
crowded street cars, and monopoly
prices, but sho will not bo terrorized
by the senro headlines of n Bubsldlzod
Womon rend tlio foolish gossip of tho
fnpblon pago, but thoy do not rond tho
foolish BOHisIp of tho Block market
rigo Thoy may voto In Ignornnco,
but nt toast thoy won't think thorn*
tKii.vit v,im. wimii tiiuy, merely voto
'.ic _>.,'1))'wj;j ol Hiouo who <;..;,..u. _'.,.
n/f.mcloH for mnltlng fnlno public opln-
Womon \y,IH havo to bo nhown.
STOCKHOLM, A wll 2.-T..t. SweiV
tilt govornmont Introduced n bill into
ulloiv. wo are,
l-.0fij.cHM fully youra,
JOHN P. WHITE, rraident.
PltANK J. HAYES, Vfrr-Frwitltnt,
BDWW. PBRRV, SwrcUry-Treanuver.
tho parllAnontary franchloe and tht
right to stand for r-lncllon to p»rlla-
ntont on ttio same (auditions as men.
Women w_io_o husbands bavo not
pnld their tflros for three year* are
u_.c.u«r.ed Ctoiu thu vole*.
People's Popular Picture Pp^housb:
 . ••--■•;, ..'',. - ,',"' .      ■        •    ' -    -
.-„-.,,       ',     - "- '        ,    -.   *"■
r  .   .-       \- -'i,'' :  **•'        *"- '
Brpther Bob's Baby
.   - * A'    ', 'Comedy-   /'*..'■..,.•'*•    ,
.---    ■'        ." ''** 'A' .,■-..      ,-.      '-..?    - A 7
** *'■   ■ ■    ' * ' """   ";  '•        "''■',-   j
Troublesome Picture
' , -      - ■    i ,     ,-.     - * •■ .     •••'., ,V" '"* ' ' * '
"      '   .   -      *    -<*;.,  Comedy .-s-'   "-    ■"   -*.s -    .-:
-   'l   -7    '   .       -=        ^" - : .  A? '" '•'   A"- 7'     >i--. . -  7"
-,;Fun on Board U.iSiS". Vermont7
j _ ^ .■ w
\- y,
Gaumoht Graphic's, Nbs. 94 & 96
Special for F.riday atfdSaturday
,1 I... .\-.J
World's championship wrestlirigrbout; at Chicagoj 111;
Free to Lady Patroris-Beautiful .Silver Spoon
For two coupons,, issued ,Tues.1,' T^hurs., & Sat. Matinee'.
Two Keels-—A. Drama
1 y
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
a      * -. *        *     -
,,<..,.<,..,....„.., ,.,r ..     ^
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
High class selection of
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
• • ■ 1     •< •■'          "   ^*
Special Sale of Flatware
I-ono-hnndlod Tok or Dlnnor Knlvos, at $1.25 por hnlf doc
1835 Wnllnco Broi. Tea or Dinnoi* knlvoi, $2.00 por half dot.
-._-. Doz. only Dinner Knlvos, test plato, $1.75
•>_t   i>ti/.. Oni*y   iu.Oti-CU biUteC   _'._..»_  U.a VvViVHi*,, $t.;ii>.
1847 Itogon' Droi, Dinner Knlvoi, $2.00 per hnjlf dots,
nogora' nost Plated Tnblo Spoons at 45c. oncu.      ,
Wm. Itogors nnd Son Tnblo Spoons ,$1,75 por half doz,   ,
1847 "Rogers' Hros. Table Spoons, $2,75 per half do*.,
1847 Rogers' Bros. Dessert Spoons $2,50 per half dos,
Tea and Dinner Forks, bost plato, $1.75 per half doz.
Wm. Honors' and Son Dinner Porks, $1.60 per half doi. *
Wm. .lexers' and don Al Tea, Forks, $1.7!) l*wr half doz,
Try a District Ledger Ad.
If    l»
. ' ''jf- >-—-jc.-« --r*,*-;■•!■■ ~.~ .„>■ ■*■ ',y-v .-?■:." „-■-.-„--iiyiv^^cy"-'^y'i'''rr'yyyr^c--ymi^yyy^^~':"r '-y%."- ■
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'•' "V,. '
.. . I
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....''■"':   *\,sy7y7\ ,     .        .-v.*-.-*.**-*-       'AA7AA A  '
THB/DIsiwOTv LEDGER, FEBmE,i B. G., APXHi 6,1912
. -'-5'mv. ■-',*•..   .  , y-rr ■ .;   •; ■    .
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J- .-
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.. _■■_     Ml     <".   ' .-*  - ■-.. k'X\.*X   >-:*i '  *,-«_-- ■'•■v.".'--"'-.   -".>
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♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦. ♦ ♦ .♦ ♦*♦,♦.♦
CORBIN'NOTES      7     ♦
■'♦"..      , A', By ."Warbler."'";    'A   ♦
•   -<a> '-,-."'•'•v7,"ij?*V',...7:   "*- -.•■ '♦
' ♦ '^.•♦.•♦'♦'^ •♦.'^♦* ♦ '♦"<,. ,♦
.-Tilings apparently',' are   going    to
■  -"boom" • in" 'Corbin, .and".the mine is
', working fairly, steady this- last week-
■ or, so.-    We hope if will not' prove ai
flash in the.pan, for" the men certainly,
, -wiH not .kick on a little steady .work
now. " Guess it will all go to Uncle'
Sam, though.     ; „*',   * A
It. is with regret that we have to
chronicle the death of an Italian brother who was killed by a fall bf coal
.   on Tuesday morning.     He leaves a
wife and child in Italy.
Mr; Q. W. Pellan. the popular tipple
boss, hopes to. celebrate the occasion
in, the near future. : The future Mrs.
'  Pellan ie a real' ."beaut,',': and George
. will; if .looks count tor anything, have
no.future regrets."'
"'■" The weekly, dance passed* off O.K.
,   Everyone appeared to be in good trim,
and it was', gratifying ito see * such a
splendid muster of ladies. ■   The music
was'good-and the-"Old Grey-Bonnet"
v had a .warm old- time, fairly had the
...stuff .kicked out of It.  -
'.The farewell dance""to Mr and Mrs.
Hugh Bell'and family takes place.on
the,evening of the 3rd.-"-.'The"■ ladles'
\,  of .'Corbin - have the arrangements ■' in
'A hand so that success is assured. About
; *■ 80 invitations are'out and". everyone
...is?looking forward to a good time.
. .-job you. see'any green...   -   ',-' ■-,•'"
. 7,It is' said that tbe late_*.„6raze in
Corbin is physical culture,'and in-the
near future we expe.c to provide,the
. athletic world with a full-fledged cham-
, pion.    It may be; inopportune .to men-
. tlon names just now,', but I may say
,   that,this.aspirant,-;although at'.a dis-
,  ; advantage "Intellectually, evidently realizes the. possibilities "which'lie con-
.  cealed in-his' manly.-frame, and?with
**   .a" view'to .developing his dormant sin-
-•ews has hit upon a "method as amusing
."" as it is unique.    One would think' that
, a "pit. boss would-.look for something
easier "to 'manipulate in the. pursuit bf
*.  his favorite hobby than a 14 ft." collar,
.  .-But I am1 informed, that, this particular
- pit boss,-is rabidly,acquiring j:he'habit
7 -of-sending homo;the timber packers
'.- greait'dope for the biceps, so<t_iey say,
. - but naturally, for. one. so unaccustomed'
- to -''manual" is tbo,laborious, to follow;?
,"' regularly.- y      ,-'.-".>'...''A A' \:':\
"Needless to say there >_s- a\ marked
- improvement Jn his physique since he
■: went Into training, and we all sincere*
: ly hope that this ..strenuous and con*
7-: tiniied* exercise will, have no dlsas-
* "trous effect ;oh his general health, but
' that one' fostering such -noble ambitions may meet with*-no obstacles ln
- the attalriment of success,
Blairmore, left hla horse near'the station,''and .the next'"tliing;hetsaw?,was.
the^liorse going .down Main.Street with"
the waggon seat "on! th"e;end"pf '■- the
lines', all the' rest was left at ,'the station. After running'around town furiously, "the'horse was.*caught, and" no
damage of any consequent was done.
. A. S.' Blais, who has been among the
popular" business men of Frank for'
some time, has bought out J. Raynor's
business, of- BelIevue.A" He took lt
over last Monday morning. For the
present it Is being managed by Mr. W.
W. Scott We wish Mr Blals every
success in his new enterprise and regret losing him from town,, as he has
taken a great interest in everything.
ue.ii'-»--i._. to.the'wejfa.o of the tow,i.
At the present time" and for the past
two years he has done good work on
the school board and it is bn account
of-their untiring efforts that we can
boaet of one-of the best and '• most
modern equipped school buildings in
the' Pass. •"     !   '     -'
; MIsbos Mary Simpson-' and .Lilian
Thomas 'spent Wednesday visiting at
Hillcrest. ,     ?   '.
Mr. Andrews-scale inspector for the
Ci 'P. R, spent Sunday last in town
"Mr Henderson,.head manager of the
Frank'Lime Wort_s,has been in town
for the. past week looking after the
interests,of the' company.   '   .
A. A. Muller, manager of 'the Keystone.-- Cement Works, left~ for Paris
last, week.   .,
."Mr. Thomas,,of Liile, has bought
out Mar On's Store at Blairmore and
has already opened up business.there.
. "-Born, to Mr and Mrs? R. McGowan,'
on'Saturday, the 30th inst, in Calgary,
a son.       .,'.,       ... '
Mr. L. W. Kribbs and Mrs .Kribbs
have moved to Blairmore..
Mr. Bonamica has moved away from
town?    ■  •    ,     7. '
While travelling on an-engine-between here and Crows Nest, on Mohaay.
morning,.one of the firemen of a local
switch crew got badly "hurt,.-coming
past-Blairmore Station. Owing to'some
signal being given him he jumped off
the engine ori to'the platform with the
train going at full > speed. ,- He tore
the heels, off-liis shoes and got a "bad
cut'on the head.-'" ywhen picked up he
was unconscious,..and. was- taken-^to
Lethbridge Hospital. -"".?-"-':■_ '" .Vl—
"°rTony*Poch"has~left P. Burns' ^butcner
shop owing*Jto thei .slackness' in business. "   -".;',' y "-7'.' :{':,
The Union .Bank of. Canada) which
has had headquarters here "for several
of the Pass branches, closed down on
Saturday last' and oh Monday;moved
its staff and goods to,Bellevue where
they have opened up.      ■
To Burn Coal In Mines
♦ -,-...     FRANK NOTES ♦
''♦  A''. .„      '        -.   ,.♦
"♦>',♦ ♦ ♦ ♦-.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
;MIss   Mushknt   lady   speuker   o'.
the Socialist Party, has been in the
Pass this, week     On ' Monday night
she delivered an addresso ln tho Blair*
. more Union Hall(ion "The Class Strug*
gib," ln which sho polntod out. tho
. caiifipi ,-*-if tho strugglo between the
■ working man and the capitalist. What
. pui-j ninnc.v In tho hrinda of ono tnke..
It out of the other, and thus lts can*
not bo expected that a govornmont ro*
. presenting the monoy men would leg*
Islato In favor of something that would
check cnplfallsm.'     Sho also spoke
there on Tuesday night, and Is ox*
poctod In Frank on Friday night,
Valfor Wrigley, an old timer lu
Crows Nost Pass, spont part,of .the
nast week ronewfiig old acquaintances
In town,    Ho loft on Tuosday for tho
Pocahontas, his home nlf pronent,
Anothor runaway In town this weok
• LONDON, March 31.—Slr.Wm, Ram*
say in a speech last" night announced'
that' an experiment- was likely to be
made in the way of carrying out the
suggestion made by him nt the open-
lng of- tho Smoko Abatement exhibition, that nn idoa! state of things
would be to hove retorts In the bowels
of tho earth to produce gas for power,,
"I firmly bollovo," ho said "that
something will bo dono ln the way
of not raising tbo coal,by letting It
romaln underground, burning It there
and taking off the gases. I havo been
In communication with a largo col*
Ilory proprietor, and ho is going to
glvo mo a chance of making an ex*
porimont.on a vory small scale.
"If- this succeods, a candlo may bo
lighted'In England which will not
bo dxtlrigulshed In our tlmo.'
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«*♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
♦ ,. ■:■ V. ■"" ♦
♦ , HOSMER  NOTES.   ''.'*♦
«►      '   By "Antrbillros**.cr_"^  •  . ♦
♦ ♦♦♦•*>♦♦*•>♦-«►♦♦♦
The funeral of the late Robert Doyle
took place" at Fernie; on'. Friday'last.
The cortage left the Catholic Church
at 3.45, and was followed by* Mr. T.v
Doyle (brother), Mr.-J.-McKelvin, Mr.
T Nansen, MiAw. Lynch,''Mr. W.
Simmonds,"' Mr T. Uphill yGladstone
Local) and the officers and members
of the Hosmefvj Local also^, followed
the remains, to the graveside to pay
their last respects to our departed
brother. The Rev. Father O'Nell. officiated. The funeral arrangements
were in the hands of Mr. F. A. Cornet,
' Just to keep up the excitement the
boys are starting a billiard handicap
of 200 up,'and to give the "I can't
play* very wells" a chance there is'a
handicap,of 110. The first prize Is
a meerscham pipe, the second prize a
gold-mounted briar pipe..,    •
Don't forget the Knights.of Pythias
grand ' masquerade ball, on Monday,
April 8th. Prizes for thebest dressed
lady, the best dressed gentleman, and
the* best comic costume.
' Mr. Arthus Smith,'" of-Fernie, Is the
new foreman of the coke ovens at Hos-'
mer. ' '
On Thursday last the Knights of
Pythias met in the Odd Fellow's Hall
when the knights presented R. W.
Rogers wtih a gold emblematic tie pin.
The adjourned Inquiry into the
death of Robert Doyle was held in
the Opera House on Monday, April 1st,
at,' 1 p.m. arid ■ adjourned again at 7-
p.m., the jury bringing a verdict" that
he met* his 'death from Injuries received whilst .making a flying switch and
that no blame can be attached to any
party or parties connected therewith.
Mr.'S: Hopkins has left the employ
of the" Hosmer- Industrial Association.
(On Monday 'a surprise party was
held attlthe Pacific? Hotel, when Mr.
Fred Oates was the recipient of a hand
some gold watch,- presented to him by
the-employees of the Hosmer mines.
Mr. Brookes, In- making the presentation, wished him the',best of good Juck
in his new undertaking.' Mr. Oates
in responding thanked one .and all for
cused a long'speech as his-heart was
too full to express himself. After the
presentation an enjoyable evening was
spent. .       ■ . ' ' ,    ,
The summer weather we have had
the last week is'melting the snow
fast, and it is "mud'everywhere. -On
monday P. Burns' rig was being driven up Main Street ..when one of the
wheels sunk up,to the axle in mud,
and It.was only after^ a 'struggle .it was
recovered.. (Our correspondent does
not say what was recovered, the wheel
or the cart.) A    "      .
Another incident occurred on the
front street. A couple of lumberjacks
were up to the knees ln making the
town. 0Tho roads are in great shape,
and wo hopo to see some of Ross'
'prosperity" at work on thorn soon—
and let lt be soon!
running, which-, resulted in ■ both r bf
them posing—and the lady went home'
herself.  "     ■ '    y A . -        * '        ''
Mr. Bailey, the master mechanic,
who left with his family for the coast,
had an enjoyable time on Saturday
night, .which will help him' to always
remember Hillcrest . , - - ,, .
. Paperhanging is quite an art, Jimmy.
Why not learn it when you have.a
good chance. A-
, The mine is working every, day,
which makes every thing, hum around
here-r-the real, estate men, business
noss of all kinds flock in here daily,
and everybody says: It's a Hummer of
a Town—Watch It Growl
Two prominent young men* bought
three kegs of beer the other day. One
was drunk, and the other two are
being kept until the 16th of this moath
when they, expect to have a= Dlr'."i lay
party. They keep them under the
bed in case of burglars.
J. V. J.—Owing to going to press
early this week your letter ls held over
until next' week. -     -'
♦ ♦ ♦.*»> •♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
•* «•»
♦ -   BELLEVUE ♦
♦ y ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦'♦♦
-' Mr and Mrs.vMcNeal left Bellevue
last, week.'   '
Mr. Dan Davidson,- of Fernie, came
in town last week and will reside
with-Mr.? Turner, of Bellgvue.
Mrs. George,Goodwin, Andrew Goodwin, Watts. Goodwin, J. Turner,' G.
Cousins' and A. Noble, went up to
Fernie last, Thursday for the purpose
of registering their votes at the B. C,
election. - '    >
Mr. J. Cous'ns is expecting his wife
and family down1 here this week and
will take .up his abode in the house
formerly .occupied by Mr. George'Bate-
man. • -',..".
Will '.Christie left for Calgary last'
"week, ' ~      y. .   ■
. Mr. Percy,Andrews, scale inspector
for the C.' P. R.,' was iri'town last week
ed and officiated at the organ "at the
Methodist Church*on Sunday evening
last. - '""  7"" •*'   A* ' '     ^
-    * '
The record- for ..the- last month at
:." NELSON, B.* C, March" 30.—Rev. A.
B. Smith, pastor of Trinity Methodist
Church," received a tremendous ovation from'the Socialists at a meeting
Wednesday In the interests of A. W.
Harrod. Socialist candidate here. .Ho
declared that although many might
be surprised to, see a preacher -on the
political platform, he considered he
had.a perfect right to express an opinion on matters of public Interest. ' He
spoke at.some length on the tenets
of Socialism, and drew a parallel with
woman's suffrage, arguing that Socialism and the enfranchisement of women, were, certainties in future,
Although Aid. Austin's statement on
Sunday night, that Mr. Smith had got
into hot water with the congregation
for taking IBe platform on behalf of
the Socialist candidate was not denied
by prominent members of the church
today, there was a general tendency to
avoid discussion of the subject
a        The Rocky Mountain
At the Famous SulpHur Springs
FRANK; Alta.
Fitted throughout with every modern convenience
LONDON,' March 31.~By a vote of
222 to 208 the House of Commons tonight rejected . the -Conciliation Bill
on its second reading. This measure
aimed at conferring the right to vote
upon every woman possessed of the
household qualification, and would enfranchise one million women.
For Sale--2 Edson Lots
Junction for
Grand Prairee & Peace River
*   Two business Lots, situated in the
centre of.the town of Edson; a pro-
■ perty  that  is" a  REAL  INVEST-
AMENT-and .one'which will return
-your money with 300.per cent inter?
■  est in six months.    Special cash offer or terms.•.. You should not miss
this." - .Write Box 542, Fernie,; B.C.'
"-..This is > no ^ "Real' Estate peddle"
-but a sound, solid'business offer?
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Wines, Liquors aiid
, .Phone 83A Frankly Alta.
Hardware and Furniture
, We have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
,.    in the Pass! •* Everything in .
Stoves and Ranges,,
Granite & Enamelware
Furniture     .'•
' Carpets and Rugs .,
Plumbing and Heating*.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
A " 1        r t-.i'".
Phone 7,     FRANK, Alta.     P.O. Box 90
On Tuosday Mr. Fred Oates
family) left on tho freight .for his
ranch at Mosquito Creek, Arrow Park.
Harry Hutson loft Hosmer on Wednesday on a hunting trip.
.nllci tfinnvntldrc.n
„     „    , , , . . .'•♦.(■fttJuir.'iiriH.OiiJ.
Mr. iranloy, driver,for Thon._on, of,,,,^,, g| „„„„„„,, 0rUfl 8top#
Electric Restorer for Men
Ph08Dhonol reitorei «wy nerva in th. body
__-U_t-_-_____-________ta In propir tension i r.ito.M
.im uiui vitality, I'reniMurc decay unci nil. exunl
/eitknoi-J Averted at on... Phoipiionol will
i.ke vf-unnav. man. I'rlca Malwx.ni tr> for
Hull.'t to nnv nildrc.n   T lir. Soolmll Hrru/r
.' By "Concertina Joe."        ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦«►
MM $ LOTTIE CRAY and fl,? PHILLIP* -*■>.* •pp*«r«<» »t th* Coal Critk
matqutraif*. Mmti It, •• "Th* Ladtfr Bam," *rit "A Boot, for David-
. .ion,* raaptctWtly,
Mr. J. Montolbettl, a prominent
buHlncBB man of Blairmore, was. a
visitor In town this wook. Mr, Montolbettl would llko to Btart up bust-
nosB hero.
Mr. J.  W. Plnknoy, coroner of this
part of tho district, was ln town thl?
wook and reported trado had ln that
lino, whloh speaks well of tho district.
A prominent Nova Scoitaa sont a
prosont of fish to a certain younir lady
In town tills wook.     Sho could not
mnko out why thoy sont fish to hor,
as alio was nol a flshoator, but a nn-
tlvo of Spud Island,    But noxt day
she was tho recipient of n selected
n. C. spud which weighed 2.4 II), nnd
sho wuh overcome Willi Joy   tit lho
beautiful token of the "Ould Countrce.'
The Saturday danco wna not aa woM
attended as usual as ,". lot of the Indlen
woro tired owing lo llio dan-no hold
on Wednesday nljth'.    We aro pleased to know thr.t It wns sore foot
that war tho causa, an that ls a lot
bottor than sorohonds, which It In reported aro qulto prevalent theso days.
Mr. rir..:-.. !..._«.»._*, «.. u.u _-e..*ioiie,
vm*. n 'vlA'tor to nur Uh>'_j _...'._  .i<*J.
and wns hlfth In his prnlsrs of our
Mr. Toddy dough, of tho hotel otaff.
was a visitor to Michel last week. ITo
wns ritwinA ♦« .",:*•..ci.
While participating In a whist party
whlrh was ulvon by Mrs. H, Cunningham, Union Hotel, Friday nlftht, Mr.
Goorgo Brown was struck 111 with In-
flnmatlon of tbo bowels, but wo aro
pleased, to nay that he la rapidly !■<*•
Mra, Tom Morris -wsb tin hrr<» »p«n(t-
tnic a tow days, the Rner-t of Mr and |
Mr*. AVarn. of Londhrretr. , i
Mn John Mcrtnall vas hero from |
I ninlrmoi.e. Mond»r,   (rtvtnf   Instiwo!
* tions fo Jimmy oa thfe ne* fce.«v<*i» j
him and tho man from Wit*..,   .Tlm'
was » awro winner, hot the WI(.an man !
| (crabbed him and |>-rarer.tod* him from J
the-pool-roon_*fdr~ti_e" game of "bowls
are held by Mr.". Will Fatterson and
Fred Chappell; Mr." Patterson 'tr
ten-pins?, score "215; Fred Chappell,
five pins, score 58.,
Ted Coupland went'as representative -for-'the Bellevue-'Football Club
to the District League meeting held
at Coal Crek on Saturday last. " "
The first,, ehoot of the Gun • Club
wns,held on Wednesday last.,, A good
lime ls anticipated by the gun lovers
tliis season. ,    *    ,
,,A public Socialist meting- will 'is,
held jn. the Socialist Hall, Bellevue,
on Saturday, to be addressed by Miss
Mushkat,' the subject will be "Modern
Slavery/'    Time, 7.30.    , ■
The Iter. W. H.' Irwin preached or.
Sunday .night on tho subject of "Th?
Hemedy for Poverty," bolng the Inst
of a series of five sermons on Poverty.
The' music was rendered by Mr.
Androws at tho organ,, Mr. G. Goodwin (cornet-, Mr. L. Goodwin (trombone), Davo Davison (baritone). Noxt
Sunday being Easter Sunday thero will
be two services, morning and evening.
Subjoct for morning:, "Consldor the
I.IIlos"! evening: "Tho Resurrect'cn
Wfo," Tho sacramont will bo administered at tho morning sorvlco, and
a vote will bo takon by tho members
on lho union of tho Methodist. Tree-
bytorlan nnd Congrogatlonnl churches.
Tho Athletic Club hold a gonoral
mooting In tho Southern Hotel on Sunday night, which was presided ovor
by Mr. J. It. Macdonaid. Thoy do-
cldod to amalgamate all tho sports
again, and to bo ruled ovor by ono
speclnl commlttoo, nnd a commlttoo
for each sport,
Tho otoro of Mr. J. Raynor Is now
In tho hands of Mr. Blals. Mr, Scott
1* manager for tho present. •■
The window of J. J. Walters storo
wns broken last weok nnd a pair of
p.um hoots stolon. Somo cunnlnr. In
.'lvldtinl Is thinking of tho rnlnv non-
Rubber Type'Printing outfit com-
plete-T-Spleridjtd magic lantern (wlti 12
slides). Steam engine (nearly one foot
high) with whistle, flywheel and every
thing complete.'"fdr'-' running; " solid"
Gold Signet- Ring, or- Guaranteed
Watch free' to any boy. -Send your
name and wo will send you 30 sets of
ueautiful Benson.'birthday and other
post curds,.to*sell at ten cents a-set
(six cards In a set). When sold, send
us the money, and we will send you
whichever prize you choose. For selling 40. sets we will give you a Simplex
Typewriter, or. a "Daisy" Air Rifle. We
prepay all charges. Address, HOMER.
WARREN Co., Dept. 128, Toronto, Ont.
Tho number of Socialist votes cast
.it'T-'-.ivli.c.nl olect'oni Just an wns
nbout ten thousand, of which six thousand woro distributed amongst tho
flvo Socialist candidates In Vancouver. Outsldo of thnt city, Fornlo 'irnvo
too Socialist candidate tho largest,
You may never have a •
chance to boo tho clothos
that well drossed men In cities wear—but you can have'
their export, tailors mako
your clothes,
You can select your cloth
from tho same beautiful patterns ne. thoy choose from—
and your clothes will fit and
look as woll on you.
f Our
Special order systom hilngB
tho city tailor to your do ,r,
Tho cost Is loflB than your
tailor charges nnd the rosult
Is satisfactory beyond comparison.
Fred. Johnson
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
. Importers of.
and Dealers in .      i
Domestic Groceries
Agents for Steamship Companies. New Michel, 8.C,
Dealer In »
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes
Men's Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour &  Feed
,   Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best  Goods   at   Lowest   Prices
Let us know your wants.
All Orders Receive Our Careful
i \>
\\\-. -ni.ui n i.ir;,r«' .stock oftS-aluf's "InvictUH" hIiooh now
nil hand. Tho nowo.st styles in Black, Tan & Patent
1...villi or.s
Ties for Easter
Sonw!ifr,<_; now & i*_>i....t....nn nicr at prictw
from !„">.. to 7;>
Men's Furnishings, Boots & Shoes
Coleman, Alta.
Si.ttMv.iora to A. J. White & Co.
Wo havo ju«t opcn<Ml our Jar-go .spring shipment of of these? famous shoes and havo tho
l)OSL  I'lUIL'" Of JM.flO.   ft;",   nilfl A« vlinn.   <*.-....
.shown iii Jiosnior.   Soo the new stylos displayed this wook in south window.
A.   MILILS   aSfS   SON
,. I
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR :*: Proprietor
HI ?«7:;A?rAy77
" a *'
, -.      s
7 I    ,.
V"'     y 'V^-Ay
7   -1 a, -,■; (S:K,^:,v ".Xv *»_■.'■.. Vl?\. : * .--s-;t *:tv : y-\\ -^ • ,■*_- ^   V1- -■'?1V.v- *-^ -v.."-T-^Vif «"   -V V - ^ ■
'       _      f       "i -,.-^>'t. -    1      i '    •*   *    »    3     *    *--* ii        P ;. - •   j    'tA»'' tl   ,   -.' M     '■■.'     —^,^1 v- _ ?!■     ""v     ■v    -*•-
.'* :  s.'1
*\'.',..V.'fr'>•,'' V
'■'■.' -""*
',;'-'ry,S', •
y \',y
:...". 1..V.--5
Hotel %
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
; Rates $1.50 and up,
Hot and Cold'Water
'Electric Lighted .
Steam Heated.   .
.    'Phone in every .room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street,
Office: -Henderson Block, Fernie,:B.C.
*    Hours:* 8.30 to'l;*2 to 5.   .-.".
Residence: 21,. Victoria Avenue.
........... *
, Barrister-at-Law, Solicitor,
r«) -t
F. C. Lawe
; .      \      . *■' ■
Fernie, B. C,
Alex. I. Fisher
Meal Tickets, $6.0Q
Special Rates by .the -week and
the month* and to Theatrical par-
. ties.   Try our   ,
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
L.    H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
An Interesting XPresentatiohydnd
Discussion cf Me Su
British Mining Men ; s^-X^;
* ber the atmosphere .was,'stili"and' the
lamp was still.    He would like'to 'ask
Cigar Store
Is Now Opened
Clean,/ Cosy and very
. "inviting .
Just the place after the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong
A. McDougall, Mgr   .
n  > A
Manufacturers of and Deal-
v  ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
At a meeting of the Yorkshire
branch of'the'National Association of
Colliery "Managers held at Barnsley,
England, on March 2, P. K. Cart.vright
read a paper entitled, "A Pew Notes
on Gas Caps, and a Simple Wayyf
Estimating the Percentage' of Firedamp ln Mines." '
■  At the outset he" said he confined
himself to the ordinary" safety lamp
as being more important for everyday
use than any of tho more    delicate
gas-testing devices.     During „the last
few years considerable time and effort
had been spent in various quarters' ln
studying the effect of known per cen-
tages of gas on the flame of the safety,
lamp.     It had been shown how different oils and different lamps in the
same mixture had.given different'results," .and- from curves and tables the
many heights'of caps produced.under
their altering circumstances. All these
results presumably,, were based on a
standard flame of about 1-10 inch high.
This information, though extremely interesting to the student, appealed to
Mm as being confusing to the average
colliery official-or deputy, and he endeavored to find out if possible* the
cause of such differences.   After making many*tests and carefully observing.the conditions as to type of lamp,
kind of oil and wick, shape of wick
tube, etc., all of which might affect the
result, the conclusion arrived at was
that in all cases the caps'given varied
with one important factor, and that
was the .width of the base of the testing, flame, and provided "a truly adjusted * testing  flame   was   prepared—by
that? was "meant not one of any definite character or class—the height
of !'cap' given' in all case's bore a definite, relation to the width of the base
of sucKtesttng flame as follows:
1 per cent gas in air, cap equal to,1^
widthA* '    ~    '.    ,  '
2 per cent gas in air, cap equal to 1
in. width^    -A
2%'per cent gas in. air,'cap equal
x.* . __2__ ; .* -..,-  *
j.y^iUTWiui.ii; ■—i— 7
cap equal to
Bar supplied with  the  best Wines,
Liquors nnd Cigars
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay EE2E:
Bar Unexcelled
AH White Help
Call in and
see us once
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Nowhere In the Pou can be
found In such a display of
We have the beet money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mut>
ton, Veal, Poultry, Dutter,
Egga, Fun, "Imperaior Hame
and Bacon" Lard, Sausagee,
Welnera and Sauer Kraut,
Gal-py Cattle Go,
Phone 68
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
Second Hand
Victoria Ave,, Fernie
All kiwis of
Household  Furniture
Stoves, Tools, etc.
Bought and Sold
6. Radland   Fernie
Lizard Loeal General Teamsters No,
141. MecU ovory Friday night at
8 p, m. Minors' Union Hnll. W.
A WortlilnKton, t'rosldont; E. J.
Good, Secretary,
Bartenders' Loeal No. 614: MootB,Znd
and 4th Sundays at 2.30 p.m. Sec.r
tnry J. A, Goupill. Waldorf Hotol
Clnrirtfine Lnr.M No, 9314 ll. M. W. A.
Moots 2nd nnd 4th Thuradfty Minors
Union ball.   Thos, Uphill, soo.
Typographies! Union No, BBS* Moots
Inst Saturday In oacli month nt thb
t „,««.•• Mtlrr>        A    1   -PHM.1r.if   Hnr>,
Leeal Fernie No, 17 8. P. of O, Moots
ln Minora Union Hnll every Sunday
ot 7.45 p.m. .everybody welcomo. D.
Paton, Socrotary-Treasuror.
United Orcthilrheocl of Carpenter* and
Joiners.—Ural 1220.    1). J. Bvana,
rrcaident. P. If, Hhnw. Herniary.
v.,  w.
W1DDOW80N, Asieyer «m«J
Chemist.. I1«.CJ1«_ {WyfcA C'
or H-.v#r*UM_-*J,
„.._...._.. .    -  -.   j &- • —■ •
rh«nr../r~r.nF^L mtv*r, l.aait or Cappar,
It ni-Ch. On1i..HI!»**r. or H-.v#r*lj*»«'!,
|Us, l»rle«» for other maMatQtM,
cement, Hrjolriy pnetrses *"-V5lVT5_l
tlon. Th* Ian,"*", cuf-tom essay office
In British Celumtla.
3 per cent gas in air,
\i/» in., width. -
'   4 per cent gas in air, ca,p equal to
2 in. width..    ", ' ' '
The height of the cap was measured
from the top of thc bv'/ht blue zone
of.the testing'flame upwards.        n
The illuminants experimented with
were colza, mineral colza, paraffin and
Wolf naphtha;' and in alPcases the relative height oif cap for width of testing flame was the same, >'
■ If Instead of working to any specified height, -'tlio. character of the flame
was aimed lit and the width of the hase
noted, comparable results should be'ol)
tained.    'The character or class ,of
flame should be ono which,    t..uu._h
possessing no appreciable Illuminative
1 ower, was just on the verge, ae   lt
voro.'nnd If raised the smallest amount would then give light.'    Tf Hie
flame possessed Illuminating   poiw,
oven though small, it waa difficult to
comparo It with another flame possessing what might ho supposed  to bo
equal light-giving properties. The reason for, omphaslzlng this point was
because it was no uncommon thing to
try and roduco a lamp flamo to tho
necessary non-luminous condition for
tho purpose of testing for gas.   When
tho flame Instead of being right across
tho wick, travelled to ono cornor or to
a high plnco In tho wide, tho flam.*
might ho vory low, but'it would still
posBOBB too much light lo represent n
true testing flamo,
If any lamp was standardized with a
cortaln oil, and  wloli \v<ll trimmed
specially for tooting nnd a Rood nan-
luminous flamo was obtained, th_ full
width of tho wide and tho caps pro-
ducod, tal.cn an a base or standard for
that lamp, those would bo inaccurate,
it nt any tlmo tho toBting flnmo oh-
tnlnnblo wnB not bo complete ob when
rtnnc1nr.ll7.lt_K. This fact, coupled with
tho doBlro to do nwny with tho nocos-
Blty of romotnliorlng all tho dlfforont
standardized capB for cortaln lampH
burning various oll«, led him to bollovo Unit If n stnndnrd of comparison
could bo dovlflod, nnd somo over-pro-
Ront hano of monnurommit obtained Instead of comparing thorn with   any
common standard measurement, mat-
terH would bo greatly Blmpllflod.    To
compare n length or breadth laid Bldo
by «ldo, m it woro, ihould bo much
nnolor thnn rwnpnrlnf olthi-ir with ft
ntnndnrd thnt was not prosont and
could not bo memorized,
Ho BURRCBtod thnt tha constant proportion of height of cap for width of
tostlng tlnrnoa wob caused as followa:
th« tftstlni. flame bclnR hrounht to ono
character, Irrespective of height   or
width, possessed a rertaln proportionate temperature, nnd bo brought within tho rango of the boated nrea rt corresponding area of wis, which,   on
burning, gave n proportionate cap.   In
pruparliiic  flam.** of definite  t_t.li.Ut
with different illuminants tbo results
wc-ro not the wain**, th« tiiorc voUtlU.
olls giving ft brighter flame than tho
heavlor olli.     It would appe*r that
UilH extra brllllnnco wna canaod by
higher temperature, which would Rive
& .arwr cap; bot If all fUmu wera
brouitUt to -uute tuudtUou comparable
results would accme.    Widely varying results had boon obtained bb re
garded heights of caps, but" in each
case had compared with the foregoing
rules,    "■   "   7     7    ,     .    ' •? ,
To verify matters' - further,    threu
lamps, burning the same*  illumlnant
and exactly alike except for the wic._3,
which were 14 inch, y/' inch, and *>i
inch wide respectively? gave   corresponding heights of caps.    Taktnt. two
Wolf lamps alike as before, one well-
trimmed  wick  giving ■ testing  flame
across  the full width  of ,wlck,  the
other' badly" trimmed, only allowing
of a narrow flame of the necessary
character,   gave; caps   of   different
heights, but  having'the "same  relation to width .of flame.     From these
facts it would appear "that there was
for each.percentage of gas present a
corresponding angle * of   ascentation;
and,given a flame -A similar character,
but of different width, the same angle
being produced by the gas in each
case, a greater or_ less .cap must result proportionately. " ;
In' the experiments wherein 'one
lamp was gauged against another they
were }'n' the chamber together, so that
they existed under exactly the same
conditions. The naptha lamp showed
a full cap iii'air, which had theeffect
of making the r'per cent-cap rather
longer and more distinct, but when
2 per cent or upward was present-no
difference was,noticed.
The proportionate measurements
were as judged by* the, eye," and not
measured mechanically, the former belli? the more practical and suitable for
everyday use?  ' ? A,
,"-, - ,'    Discussion
john.Gili- thought. Mr. .Cartwrighfe"
paper had come at an opportune time,
seeing",that" they   were   approaching
what many, people regarded as a severe changer' , Mr. Cartwright's 'tests
had-all'been''done in a* chamber, and
the question to his "mind was:  " How
did the- chamber compare .with actual
mine conditions—was the temperature
in the chanitfer taken into •.onsidera-
do with the actual*cap.     He -should
also,likeAo. know whether the wicks:
were flat or round.     If they-were to
take everything that had been said as
correct,'-they'Mould see, as soon as
'hey put tpelr'lamp up into a hole
tliey would often - be deceived,   ' He
had "tried with1 several lamps lately,
and he agreed that" there was a great
difference Indeed.,   The lamn    tlut
irove'r.hc beet, results apparently, nivl
ya'f the one tha't,wa's most likely 10
deceive them? was the lamp burning
spi.ils.'   Ho hadalBO tried the ladder
tc'»\ but found it objectionable.   Thoy
could not. keep the lamp truly ve'Meal
?M he "often lost his light. With col:.ii
lamp ho had had moro, difficulty than
w'.th tho paraffin" or, spirit lamp, lm',
In all cases he found that they must al
low a certain'time for the lamp to cool
beforo they got anything like a fair
', Mr.  Cartwrllcht said  tho  chamber
temperature had not boon taken Into
consideration" in   his' tests, becaimo
ovory time d' toBt was mado a fresh
mixture, wbb'prepared and tho chamber was at tho ordinary normal temperature of tho room, but tho lamps
had boon nlloWcd to burn.and woro
burning, during tho tlmo of changing
tho mixtures and of clearing out, Wllh
regard to tho temperature of tho wick,
lio had not been Informed of any mothod whereby thoy could actually mo-
nsuro tho .tomporaturo in bo small nn
area ns thoy would got In tho toBtlng
flame.   They woro told, howovor, thnt
tho greater brilliance of tho flnmo whs
cuifiort by tlio higher tomporaturo of
tho Incandescence of'tho carbon particles, and providing thoy kopt down
llio Incnndoscenco to an oquai dogroo
he was Incllnod to think thnt,tho torn-
peratnro of tho flnmo itsolf would ho
the flamo,     Apparently tho results
woro tho Bamo, whothor n round or a
fat wlek was UBOd,    That had htld
good In nil' IiIb tostu, providing tho
Bamo character of flnmo hnd boon pro-
pnrod.    In a flat wick ono expected,
If it was well trimmed, to got Ilmnois
Bomoihlng approaching tho width of
tho wick tubo,    Tho comparatlvo torn-
pcrnturos producod   by   tho   flamce
hcoinod to hold Rood, ob far as !iU
toB.n went.
Mr. Kylo said ho had at IiIb coll-Vy
scye.nl lamps with a apodal film-, it
Wlilr.li "" *~  *'   ""'* "   """
Mr.'Cartwright''the conditions-of the,
chamber,' and' how be. got hisf.mixture?-.
* Mr. Cartwright'said'the 'stillhess„of
the atmosphere in the chamber.could
easily be obviated."-He' had", only,
dealt with two chambers. ■. In, one the
atmosphere had never, * been >■ still; .in'
the other it had been still when'neces-
sary or. desired,, but it .could be mixed
about. He took it that every careful
examiner in a pit desired to", keep his
lamp as still as* possible, within all
practical reason The chamber was
one bf the well known Clowes type.
Por actual measurements of percentages he,thought this was preferable
to any of the other classes, because
they could vary. ° He had experimented, in company with others, at Leeds
with the, well known type of apparatus there, and many times they had
differing results. He had used coal
gas up to 4 per cent.   ■ '    ,
.J. Brook said, he had made-tests
with an ordinary Marsaut lamp,- plac-
ed alongside another Marsaut. In
which was a deflector—a brass >lm inside the bonnet. He had.put these
lamps in a small quantity of gas just
at the ripping edge, in a high cavity.
With the ordinary Trfarsaut they could
scarcely detect any gas .whatever, but
the one with the brass rim - showed
%, or maybe nearly y_"inch. '■ This
was a puzzle to him. He had also
noticed "that'the light,ia a paraffin
lamp would be continually flickering,
while,"the, Marsaut was quite steady.
The* latter showed no sign of gas, but
; o
I* 13S2 X T3E> X>
'I'll'l'l'llllll"^"!!!!!!!!"""11"1"'1"11 Illl|l|llil1
tlty with it. He" used colza oil.or a
mixture. . , He had a patent' way of
his own,'which he had.UBed about' 2G
years, which was a small magnifying
glass, and he could test down to less
than 1 per cent. He believed his
was a good way. The Davy lamp
would not do in a case like they fad
at his colliery the previous week.
They had a sudden" outburst of gas
in' the' Robroyd Silkstone seam, and
it put out 19 lamps In a short time;
It fouled the places right away from
the Intake end of the longway faco to
the. return, about 1,150 yards, arid
backed on* to the gates and pony levels
and 2,000 yards of return after leaving
the face. Four hours later thaygot
nearly 3-4 Inch of cap In the .main re:
turn at the pit bottom. ,:He did not
think a Davy, lamp t would do very
well in that. ._ 7.'    ,,
Mr. Brook described a_test*in which
he took a Davy lamp,' along with an
ordinary Marsaut, to a,high .cavity
where* there was" a small quantity' of
gas. * He put the two lampB as nearly
on the top of the "other he could de-! on one level as Po88i_)ie.   '.. On" the
tect* tlie cap again-•showing a great
reference.   ,c ,
Ii.'.' Dobinson' said people could be
easily deceived. in • Imagining gas
where" there was none," In "consequence of the high temperature. . If they
had a reduced flame the temperature
had .something to do with it again, A
Very, often, when they could not find
any show of gas on",the pricker and
lifted the flame gently and.brought it"
back again; .between1 the one^and ."the
other they might see a shadow of what
they might Indicate as gas; but,some
of the small percentages'that ?were
spoken of. as given quantities, of gas
were'not quantities at all. They were
really the oil gas'that, wefs. arising.'
The'way? to deal with all 'thi's' diffii-
jlon. Jf7 gas was'to have? "plenty of
would'toat to M nnd >/, por
cont, nnd ho would bo pleased, to bring
ono or two and domoiiiKruto Iww tlvy
acted in the chamber.    Tho arrangement was ono of aluminum    wicks
brought down Into tho chamber, which
dostroyed all luminosity.    IIo had hnd
It working lor mivwui TtKiiiitm, »tt« »•>
wnB vory satisfactory.   Ho had notlc
od that n gentleman In tho north ot
England hnd nn nrrani.«m«n. somo-
thing similar, only ho usort copper
wlro InBtfnd of n disc.    No doubt,tho
tomp^raturi hf>'J * urfia"* «'m1 to '•<>
with iho results, and often, in hla
own cxvimlnationa, nomowhAro   war
tho pit-bottom, tho slw of tho'cap wns
quite different.    Wh«ro they Kot tho
.{renter temperature thoy got a much
larger c np.
J, C.in said if everylhlntr dep«nd#4
oa tho r.-pipflrftfuM th* conditions In
tho chamber were not tl all like tbo
conditio™ in tho pit for ta the oltmm-
ventilation, and .then they got a,condition' of. affairs where they had either,
pure air, or pure gas?     Iri a ripping
,lip he always found that heelther got
gas,or none. ' There was no'dlffuslon
anywhere because it'had. riot had time
to diffuse or mix,up, ' '.Ife contended'
that* If they had any show .of gaB at all
In a return they wanted some; more
air.7,There.should bo an enlargement
of some air road, and a' 'greater quantity of air put through.,   There should'
be no diffusion of gris In a weli-ventlla-
ted  mine—thoy should  have, elthov
pure gas or pure'alr,,    To his mhvl- -
although this was'contrary to all people's Ideas—the old-fashioned * Davy
lamp was the finest for gns testtn,i:
Tho lamp that wentoutmost quickly
was,tho proper ono.to put In to the
hands .of a workman; but ho did not
consider tho most perfect lamp for
going out waa tho host for an offlclrrl
ln testing for'gnB, because he might be
left In tho dark mllCR from anj. whore,
Mr. Cartwright had no doubt that
tho Davey was an Mo nl lamp for finding gas In large proportions; but ho
foared that tho Conl Mines Act was
aBklng for Bomethlns more thnn moroly finding gaB or nlr,   Ho also thought
it was generally accepted that gases
when onco diffused would not undlf-
fubo in any moving air,    In tho cneo,
gf gas found in a high cavity ho wns
Inclined to think lt wna created thoro,
It.was on coming In contact with tho
air, whoro It diffimod, that lt bocamo
at nil inflammablo or explosive.    Undoubtedly pure gns would put tho lamp
out as woli an anything olao, thoro not
bolng Biifflclont oxygen   to   support
Mr. Rico' differed' much from Mr,
DoblnBon as to tho ndvlanblllty of teBt-
Ing with a Davy lamp In those1 days.
IIo had boon in pltB which lio would
strongly object to got down with a
Dnvy lamp. Tho lamp In ubo at IiIb
pit wnn n Thornolmrry, and ho had
nlso uflod tho Mnrniuit, nnd found no
BorlouB difficulty with olthor, v
Mr, Dobinson nnld that iu thoso enlightened days ho would not advocate
tho Dnvy lamp oxcopt ln tho hands of
certain pooplo. Nolthor did ho speak
of tho* flkoloton Davy, but of ono that
wnB bonneted, lho Bnmo nB tho othor
kinds. IIo would not allow workman
to havo tho Dnvy lamp, If ho wont
In'o mlno [0 oj.n.nlno for gns alonn,
tilt (I   Mil.   Ullii;   uilU.Mvii   DIM   'tutu it,   .it
would Ukc* u Dnvy. "' T.om'c people
rnrrled two Inmpti, onn for testing
nnd ono for llRht.
O. ,11, llnrrnolounh did not follow the
prosldont In Baylm. ho would noi llko
1 ,,,>,.   .,•<  .,.111.    ^   -r>......        T# 1,»
LJJ   ftj   .,_>^b.   4.   y».   ,*.._.   w.   ..,«.,.        •*   ...
knew a pit that .was not fit to tako a
Davy In It would not ho fit for him,
With a Davy thoy could tost a los.
quantity of gns than with nny othor
lamp, but lt ncciloil to bo in tho hands
of nn experienced man. 80 far as
lamps to put In ovcrbody'ti hands wero
concerned they had 1i.rr.pft todiv that
were better thnn tho Davy, both for
testing for gns nnd for light..
Thomas Gill said he waa one of tho
old school, nnd had, used tho, Davy
lamp as much as most people. Ho
had every confidence In tt At tbe time
but not now.    Now he ti««d tha Mar-
Davy lamp he-^had-l.Incli cap—elongated flame-ywhile on, the Marsaut he
coujd scarcely detect It at all.
J. Gill said that' when they talked
about pits without gas they might, as
well talk,of'the atmosphere;without
air.     Such a thing, to his mind,' was
not possible while there were    coal
seams.".,. The Davy, lamp was good,
but would not stand the te3t. .  From
Mr. Dobinson's description, his Davy
was not a Davy, but was enclosed in
a glass shield. ' One, of the' difficulties
of practical men, when they went into
'these* chambers,"*,waB that* they were'
lo'oklrig'at their;lamps  through*    a
second glass," ancbther'e" might be some
thing in"?it witbysome^of?their,.'eyes,
hough' he,"did'not want to split-hairs.
to get a gas-cap in an ordinary .Davy
lamp thatp filled all? rpuijd—fllled - at
tlie bottoWarid "everywhere—with' the
small quaritity^f.'g'as'that'they could
get in a "lamp that, filled slowly from
the top like a Marsaut A" He thought a
deputy ought 'to-b'ayo.a.'lad'.wlth-hlm,
so that'If he' dld'^geti.lnto-the, dark he
was not without-a Hghf.- , *,' 7.'"■ A*,
Mr. Dobinson  said  he  thought It
very' proper to have a very safe lamp,"
particularly .In a* mine that-had outbursts of gas; for In tho .beBt managed
collieries an outburst of gas might put
out the whole train of lamps on Its
way till,it got to the return.'  Therefore they wanted the".best .bonneted,
lamp, double-gauze, hermetically, sealed top and' bottom, to prevent, any In-,
gross of air or gas.    Ho would rather
go into a mlno that was reported to
havo„a lot "of gaB, because thoy'knew
care "waB taken, than into a mlno reputed to; havo no gaB; ho considered
that n'floufco'ot danger.     Even ln
mlnos .that woro said tohayo no gas
the ubo bf tho best'.bonneted safety-
lamps should bo mado compulsory.
Tlie talk about, tho Davy lamp wnB
by tho way. It was not to bo c1Ib**v
cardo'd 'as a lamp, and ho maintained
that It waB qulto safo,to tako into a
T. Gill wished to add to what, ho had
snld about hlfl lamp that Mr. Wilson,
tho Inspector, took It to Leods, and
used it In tho samo way as It, wan
used ln the pit, and eont'word that tho
roBiiltB woro ne follows,:
has," 2 per cent; .cap, %';, in,,? very
falhto' ■•.',"-.        .*._-."
Gas; 3 per cent; cap. % in? y
Gas, 4 per ?cerit;;i'54 in.-     7   '  *'""  '",
Gas, 5 per "cent; cap to.the top of,
gauze.     A * , ".    ." •    "*
Gas, 1 per cent;  cap," % iri., very
fal^t, but no tip.    ° .    .'.    :
Mr.' Cartwright,  touching, on -Mr.
Gill's remarks about looking at a lamp -
through a second glass, quite agreed
that it was'inadvisable to split halrsj, '
because some of published evidence as
regards.",the.height of^caps had uri-7:
doubtedly been supplied by most acA   ,'
curate'' measurement    from ' photo- ■ ■..,
graphs.    Apart from their educational   '
value,' he doubted whether, minute me-,
a8ureri_ents> ,were ^of a groat deal of ,-
service to them in the pit.    If a lamp*
was in good;condition and well clean- ■
ed, and IL the,[glass of the chaniber'y
was also "well cleaned,'he thought-the   v
view  obtainable was qulte\©qual to, ■-,
that,of;any, ordinary safety-lamp that 7
had been round a pit for,siS to eight''
hours..    No matter?how good*a lamp,-,
was, he thought "the glass' got obscured.   ,At least forty students, who hap- *
penedto be in his charge, had criticised, the'work arid the result "was quite
satisfactory to him.—Coal" arid?.Coke -
Operator.-    ,y      .», '■  -.   -••;   ,\ A,;.
-v'st. John,', Ny bS September';;i8ih',,,
1911—Myrbrother?was a.great Bufferer .
from kidney, stomach,and bowel;tro..-,
bles and was given up by two-doctors.'
He was. aid vised*, ta try your'-FigrPiils,',.
which ,he,:,did,'.7ancl after 'taking, five's
?v boxbs:. was;? completely '/restored v to .
health? and is .betterUoday than^he;
has,* beeni''f of"? years'. '■. ; You''" can't '.re-. '
commendjFig: Pills too highly.''*- ; fy*
, ,r.;y,y.f -.-'\yS-S-iX3. W. Manvefs, y.
7 At^ all5 dealers',* 25 and. 50 cents, or 7
The-Fig-Pill Cp., St?-Thomas, Ont*
^old"in;Fernie.aVMcLean's Drug.'andy
Book Store.- ■■'   '•  ,.*' *■ ,     7    ' ,-.. ■,] 7
The Gash
Hosmer B.C.
lloynl Household    ,   ,0ar_(i.\
Robin Hood and _H_]i3U
, purityPlour v ',.,
OiungoH, rog. 50o tt dojion .
Now 2B, 35, and 45c
Jap Cirn-ngi'B, per boxCCZ '8O0
^Dulk Ten, nijg. 50o      Now 25o *
Every pnruluwor of $10 i-ucoivos
A Bath Rug: Free
Let a Ledger Ad, work for You
%     '        —
Confined to His Home for Woeks.
ttwSnS mmth%MtklB*»Vl Waasomowl.at(llsaovrajwd. "^'"'i
I JwntlnuoX twatmsnt for threo months Inn-pr a»<l_,T_S'_.r_l_15aSS
iSlvi. 5_ «nmniMo oiif«. I eou'd only para Rl-. a werlc n a maohlna
fwrasuflowrslfoowof your«uabftiiaaugjj|^c, twmj,t ,
«r?«s»mpUcS.ion».  HwaMiitawiwW). iinu)a^v.^^ _g-«*4wa»-wrM\f
™__TJIOOo_o¥*ahUooddl».ii»S. . ,       .   ,'
eTftboorshouUba, v/iUyouhscdtbodADi
satit, and could lest to a »waH qnan*
dovra j-ourfr»tcm. .^<m f«»<»*
vltaliyyeuaronotthamftnyouiii^.,  -.- ■
Ut «n lionnM. ori,frton Ytnmnl Utm-s**
tlllystratedjon bttaaau ofMan.
rON8E^.,Wl'*MT& NpjjMBM •■'
QusiUmi Ubt and Ce*\ of TttiainsM
Cor. Michigan Ave. (ind Gri$wo!d St, Detroit, Mich.,,
_____________________U_r%-Vl_r*r>      AH letters ItiM CtM^umnallMtuliUw^l
tSm___m,Wi U11 If d to our Canadian Cormpondcncc Depart-
W MBMMMni tnent in Windsor, Ont. If ym desiro to
«m ua oersonaily call al our Medical Jnnitote Io Detroit as -we »«•»«» <m*
m ^Ums In our Svindsor officea -wUlch are for Cor«spondeftt» and
UASSS?& Snodlan^business only. Address all latun t» idOotnt
1 . t/
y i>% •.ipp'
Fernie Dairy
v delivered , to * all
.parts of the town
''"*"■' •'-'?-'■       i   .,   •
'Sanders & Verhaest, Brothers.
\   „ Proprietors ' ■r . ,J
Baths '
Shoe Shine
*. ^ y   *■**
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter a
:   Hazaiwood Buttermilk
1 '  .    * '    j       ,        "**
Victoria Avenue •
FEpiS,B^C.       Phone 34
and Sale Stables
First class Horset for Sale.
Buys Horses on CommUlon
George Barton A. Phone 78
•**;» * * A A k a k kk kit k »*•••»*»•*
Q £ R   ' J
E WI N Ct    5
• _
. ■«.
," , _'
'. '■_'
• t
' ._.-
.   -*  {
., t'
■ *.'
'., -
-Aarcnt •. Fertile   Bra-ncI-A
Pellatt   Ave,    North
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
* Food and every
- -yy attention,
THOS: DUNCAN    Passburg
* ; Breezy, Hill,-; Kans?'
Vogllo aneh'io direla.mia' sulloaf-
fsre.di quei due emeriti."crumiri; che
rispondonb al nom<ydl'*Ange_6.iTisot
e'Ptetro Darigo.-che, soil, fra lSOmln-
atoi i, prestarono- la loro opera jar tra
ditori in favore di quella. compagnia
inineraria, con IV. idente? scopo di-rb-
yinare lo" sciopero,, di' tradi're •' cioe .'ae
stessi e tutti i compagni di- lavoro. -.
. Qesti due cruroirl, dopo*aver.lavor-
ato diversi giorni da soli nella miniera,
impaurltf dalla piega;___inacci'osa/che
andavano prendendogli eventi^temen?
do che qualche sche'rzo'capVtassealla
loro pellaccia, dovettero'iaBciare il lavoro, nolenti, e'far causa"comune cog-
11 scioperanti. >
Gli unionisti dl Hartford, forse in
considerazione deli'incoscienza del due
crumiri, furono tropp6 indulgent! ver-'
so i medeslmi. asi limitaro'no'ad ap-
pioppare a clascuno del due $10 di
multa. '     '     i  \    .
Avrebbero dovuto marchiarli* con-
ferro infuocato, per designarli per
sempre alio schlfo ei al disr.r<>zzo
dl quanti untrono sentlmenti di soltd-
arleta, di dlgnlta e donesta.
Questi due seonsigllatl, dovrebbero
abbandonare i'campl organlzzatl dove
non -si puo lavorare plu di otto ore al
giorno »e recarsi ad Iron Mountain,
Mich.,, dove 1 minatori scioperano per
lavorare di plu di quanto le compagnle
loro permettano. *Lassu si trovereb-
l>ero nel proprio natural., ambiehte,
con dei compagni degni di loro? „-*'
Lassu, riel Michigan, potranno viep-
piu espllcare le loro en'ergie e le loro
molto limitate faclta intellettuali, pra-
ticando e'propagando le loro'cattplicis-'
sime e.crumiresche opinioni, consegu-
endo la meta agognata; qualche sprez-
zante.sghignaz'zata.sul muso da parte
del direttori di' mlniera e ■ quello che
Piu'importa pel , due galantuomini,
specialmente per Angelo Tisot che con-
osco personalmente, la benedizionedel
prete! -
•~  r." • ■• ,-
By Winfleld. R: Gaylord'v-,.7*7
A Socialist legislative program' is
not a set of planks on which to?walk
into office. It is a.pledge of.«ffort
to be made; a guide board and'a safeguard for elected officials-- a beacon
casting beams of promise into the fu-*
tuer for those on the firing line; and"
a warning to the toe/'of that which'. «s
Vadano, vadano in qualche campo
disorganizzato "dove potranno rinsal-
dare i loro cattolicl propositi*'ed ac-
quistarsi 31 Lavoro',-Eterno.
» 4 •■*■ y »i. y V»**»»4MH»»»¥V
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Do.. Ltd. ;
_* *A
■ ,, .   • , '
Bottled Goods a Specialty
L. E. McDonald
Express and Dsllvery Wiflons a
W. H. Murr   -   Prop.
Elko, B. C.
\    i. i
'As I am continuing my late husband's buslnocs, I would' ask for tho
continued patrrnago of all old custom
orp, and rosneetfully solicit tho trado
o. all, ,i
Best of Rigs and Horses
Phono No. 19
Tho Pernio Steam Laundry and
Dyo Works report buuinoss im.
proving all tho timo. Thoy aro
mnlcirig a reduction in prices on
Dyeing and French Dry Cleaning
for tho spring trado, Also a
cheap monthly laundry rato for all
bachelors will bo given. A trial
is all,thoy ask to convince you
thoy aro 0. K.
List of Locals District 18
'"_!__' »   ?AME 8EC. and P. 0. ADDRE88
20  nnnkhood F.-Wheatley, DanWioad, Alia.
JJJ   ST01" Cr,,ek P' aftu«hton' n^ver Oroolc, via Plncher
o,«o   „, . V"° 'J" Burtco' DoII°v«o, Frank, Altn.
H03   ninlrmoro .,, u. j,Oliaao,Dlnlrmoro,Alta. ''
040  DurmlB... Joi, DerbyshlrorDurmls, Altn.
_ _   "    :■••• J' *-""*"*u«<*, ottroonoiile. Colomnn, Alta.
y™™ N_ TV Tbnrlulj, Cmuhm, Aiu.
™"mftn  w- arnham, Coloman, Alta.
^•■bln   K. Jonas. Corbln, n. 0.
Chinook Mlnos ..,, r. Kelly, Diamond Olty, Altn',
Diamond City Albert Kak, Diamond City, i_QtM.rl.l_w.
--—*■   Wv*****i  wCbgt^, ii#-V_#f
Frank.......,  q, mcoi, Frank( AUa
!1!I'' I!mmftr W' Ba,d*r«tono, Hosmer, n. 0.
10B8   .microst..... J, q. Jones, Hillorost,Alta.
67**!   Lethbrldgo,,.,,,,, I.. Mooro,   604. Bli-twml'h at  wn.n,»..i.i _. '■
is .«**• «*-»« n.ri__i'^h,B^°5Pisrw
1333 j.me "••• W.UBvana, Uiio, Frank, Alln
Maple Lonf 8, Parkor, Maplo Loaf, Bollovuo, Alta.
M,c,'«>  M. Onrra-i. Michel, n. o.
Monarch Mlno s, Moorcroft, Monarch Mine, Taber. AUa
p*»»b«'« J. Klusenrlta, Passburir, AltJi
rZl V,tW ATb?.f,'Flgl^ l!0'*1 mi*rtM> ^""bridw, Alfa
™r r A' p»««won. Tabor, Alta.
Tabor j. Cooper. Taber, AUa.
5 -A-, .    ■  " -    Pittsburg, Kans.
C'e una sola specie di be's.ie che
non, patis'cono l'ariar cattiva i crumiri!
Nello seorso dlcembre, 'nella miniera
N. 20, per crimin'ale negligenza della
compagnla un-minatore peri per man-
canza d'aria ed una dlecina fecero tale
un'indigestione~di aria-.cattiva che'se'
la sentiranno .porta, costole per?uE
p,0' di tempo.- .L'ispetto're delle mini?
ere per Io.stato del Kan^'fermo 1-
iavori finche la compagnla non si*sen-
tira disposta a njandar aria sufficient
per tutta la miniesa. ,,11 giorno dopo
II disastro due indiVldui di lingua itali-
ana si reparonoalla* miniera a "drill-
are" ed a "tumpare" dei colpi.    Cosl
averebbero aviuV lavoro avolohta pel
giorno in cui la miniera sarebbe stala
ventilata.     Dopo due giorni riferiro-
noai comitati della miniera sul la-
voro fatto.     Dopo avero investigato,
coila testimoniania. di due mlnatorl
,ehe vldero coi loro proprii occhi a
"tampare" 1 colpi, abblamo fatto rap-
Porto all'uniono locale com'era nostro
dovoro di comitati,   „n rteultato fu
che a;maggioranza del comitati, ani-
matl dall© loro naturall tenderize met-
tondosi o'otto ipiedl l'artlcolo iri, del-
la costltuzione.dlstrettuale, hanno fat.
to II ealuto deU'arml agli amantt del
lavoro,.dando loro l'opportunlta diven-
tare, un.giorno.o 1'altro gll orol di
qualche altrn osplosione,
Personalmento, lo, dopo avor fatto
H mio dovoro di comitate doraandal
nl boss un'nltra plana, In sostltuzlono
di quolla yocchla finlta. j II boas, na-
turalment, mi risposo plccho, od Io
ho dovuto prondoro I mlel ferri o
pnrtlro.- Ho lnscinto mezzo dozzlna
dl compagni unionisti ni quail toe
ohora In Btoasa sort© toccata a mo.
Dovrnnno nlzare I tncohl por lasclaro II
posto n quolll cho non patlscono I'nrla
cattlva o I porlcoli,
*   *
(Dedicated to G M, Mlllor, owner nnd
manngor of tho Isis Theatre,
Kornlo, 11, C,
Tho dayB aro now Rotting longer,
Tho wlntor Is nonrly nil in,
Is roally a puzzling thing,
Now, glvo mo attontlon ono momont,
Your troubles I'll soon smooth nway,
You'll bloss thon tho man who told
Of tho Isls-Just ovor tho wny.
Why should you go to tho IslsT
Tho nnswor ls simple nnd plain,
Iloonuso tho show Is moro than*n good
;I know
that you'll go "thoro
* ..s-.v u .iu. ,uuDui u> iivur tit tho isis,
flood -plrlflTPB lo sec ou iim M^Mli
"Nothing except tho best features!"
Say all of our patrons who've boen.
8o don't wasto your spnro tlmo any
' ■"-4_,-*i
In an aimless, usolcis way,
But   tnko   In   tho   programs   shown
■    nightly,
At tho Isis—Just over tho* way.
H. 0. Thompson.
Electric Restorer for Men
PhogphOQOl retjorwi _ .frrnerv. !u (tie btxiv
«_*Vn«ci «?*«».! at tmtti.   _>__L._,__.    i      ,
^er ftala a«, OIms_I«|.'«  ,0rti9 Slor.
to come.
Municipal, State' National "and Inten
"■ national
And in view of this?'-together with
the world-wide scope bf the* Socialist
movement, a Socialist legislative program must be many-sided. . It links
the municipal with athe International
Ideal, and works and fights for theso
with, weapons and tools furnished
from the armory and shop , of' stale
and national forces. .        <•
In the United States the'state Is the
unit of soverlgn power, aiid the prac-
tlcal program builder will lay his plans
accordingly, so that men called to positions of power tmay not be misled into
wasted efforts.     It is the state that
gives laws to the municipality or county, on the one hand;  on the other
hand it is through the united action of
states that the federal government la
made up, modified;and controlled, and
policies that reach into'tho international fields are finally shaped by tho
net result of Interstate.struggles.
Immediate and for. the Future
A Socialist legislative program must
have immediate bearings upon the lm
mediate and pressing needs of the city
life, answering the cries tbat rise from
appalling labor con*1Sti;».__; sc...-_.g'*0
remedy the lamentable aid unwilling
ignorance'of the woiit-n.. class'and fo
enlarge,its future oy. education of i<r>
children of to-day; and trying to'safe-.
guard its, life byai! possible improvements .of purer' food   supply,  better
housing-and'saintarv conditions and
strengthening the labor'organizations.
But all of this immediate work is
only considered as a digging* of ditches and laying' foundations for a Future
Structure, and this also must be outlined in a proper, legislatice program.
The  reconstruction 'of  constitutional
provisions to meet .approaching economic changes; _the framing of legislative enactmentsyvhichare certain to
be killed By. the dominant parties while
the Socialists are in a minority, but
which arejals'o certain sooner or later
to.be taken,up"by these parties and'
placed , in;- their platforms.    Illustrations, of this-later process are to "be
found ,in the, demand, for Home• Rule
f01AC_i^_€SA Workmen's Compensation '■
;fdr.Accidents,, and'Initiative and■ He-'
ferendum found for?many years in the
Wisconsin   Socialist-Democratic   plat-"
forms,*'now,at length adopted also by
both.old-parties,, and likely to -he en-'
acted by;them this year, (1912)'into
laws.., /i-  y -•,_,
, Critical and Practical \
First of all, historically, the'Socialist is a, critic. . And upon his first
advent, into' the legislative. halls he
will discharge one broadside after another, In the form of Memorials to
Congress? Resolutions of Protest, etc.,
about the Moyer-Haywood case; demanding an investigation, of tho Warren case; calling attention to the gag
law applied to postal, clerks; asking
for the abolition of the United States
Senate; demanding the 'cancelling of
extradition treaties with- Russia and
Mexico, and protesting against tho appointment^ of Supreme Court Judges
by tho. President. His shafts go
homo, though seemingly burlod in ridicule.
But moro, criticism novor picked
any apples, and so tho Socialist legislator must got buBy nnd .toll what is
tho matter with tho existing child-
labor law; Ho must say why womon
should not work over ten hours, Ho
must show how to save worklngmen's
Hvob, In tho construction of high build-
IngB, and tho proper method of safe-
guarding dangerous machinery.
< Obstructive and Conatriietlve
A very tiBoful InBtwmont for tho Socialist legislator is n'hickory bound
edition of tho big stick. Ho can
"swat" many a bnd bill, and by his
practical knowlodgo of tho common
life and Its conditions, mako ridiculous and dofont the proposals both
of corporation lawyors and woll-mcan-
Ing reformers. Ho must lonrn whnt
legal phrases mean, and cultivate a
koon soont for "okos." And whon ho
Btarts after nny proposition ho muBt
carry a hot rnko nnd a spiked club.
nut tliat is not building for tho fu-
turo—tho principal work of tho Social-
1st. So ho must spend tho midnight
hours In constructive work. His lm-
nglnntlon must bo oxorcisod In trying
to mnko n legal scaffold for tho new
social structure which tho working
class ia trying to build. A plan of
clty-bulldlngj a tenement houso law
that will monn something to tho wo-
men-folk,that spond tholr lives In clt-
led—nnd which can h« ^«f^»pt;*i       .
big plan for a st!..* Virmrd of •nuhllo
works that will Buggost to tired work-
Ingmon ns woll ns to blind-oyod cap!-
tallst lawyors and politicians how noar
wo are to taking ovor and onorntl.ii.
tho natural rosmirrfs nnd trw-h-Af.7rw){
monopolies of today—onco wo got n
fow moro ngltalors In tho legislature
Political and Economic
Tho Socialist pnrty la a political or-
ganhatlon, exists for polticnl antion
and so Its representatives must gun id
wlmt politirnl frcodom and prlvlloeos
tho working class may havo, while
thoy strive to* enlarge those year ly
year.    An attark upon M«* Mll'v»i,'*n',
Principles. This means. WAR.-war
for very existence as a political party.
* Socialism m/st come first in cities;
and an absolutely essential part of the'
political program is'the achieving of
home rule for cities; giving them'poV
er to solve their own,problems, with-
out haying every little lawyer, coun-'
try doctor, and retired farmer who
may, have been elected to the legisla-
^^"^ ^7' on, problems   of
which,he can know nest to nothing,
and aga-J'st whose proper, solution he
retains an unavoidable prejudice The
ballotvmust be safeguarded arid purified. '; Elections must be made a more
perfect means of expressing the peo-
Pie's \yill.   ' And the whole political
suit of clothes called "form of government" must be remodled to fit the existing and transforming economic, industrial, commercial arid-social body
that pulsates with human life.       '    *
But, the Socialist program    writer
and political-architect cannot  he  a
mere politician or constitutional lawyer. •   He must be an economist who
works in his laboratory every day, and
keeps his pulse on tho thrilling bodv
of tho  humanity  whose  servant  he
alms to be.     Through the lahor or-
ganizations he learns the problems rf
the shop, the'mine, the mill and rail-
road, and denies no demand ror    *.
loosening,of the'social economic fetters binding human limbs.    Prom tho
Farmer.' Union he learns how the mid-
dlemanythe transportation companies
and the machinery, trusts lay violent'
hold on the food supply-and the' Socialist legislator must work but the
solution of how to get men to co-oper
ate in field, in factory, in forest and
shop, to the end that there may be
more and better food, more and better
clothes, more and better houses/ Noi
food in cold storage, either, nor clothes stacked up, moth-eaten, nor house*
standing Idle on the hill while womon
wander miserable in the river wards
Development, of W Socialist  Logic-
latlve Program
With the growth of power for the
Soralist party will come a very natural and inevitable development of -its
legislative program.' ,
That which was at one time 'mme'.
diate. as soon as his opponents take
it up, becomes a matter of relative in?
difference. ". That which he formerlv
"riemanded" he now
CAPITAL> $10,000.000:     ; rest,,  $8,000,000
Every branch of The Cwiadiw B__ok rf cLLl? ".VV U/* * " I E S     ;
fl-Prf---**-.*-'* ^ «— *■* - <
'* Africa Cm*
'Arabia , Cuba
Argentina RcpobSc Deanvufc
Australia Bcypt
,    Aitttria-Hnnoiy   Fan?* Maafa
Bdpiun       „ r_ala___
Bnlrana Fraaco ,._
.   <M.n WchCodfcCUaaiSSL
_,§£.-   th tea*. *-Jtt*
The amount cf these draft* is tUted iTSa
lafia „
lay l
Ncv ______u_l
Paaaaw "  '
Periiii    -1   '
Portural    ,
Su via
Straits ScUb___c____
Uahed States
Uiurvay     ;,
Wat iatBca, He.
assumes  as  a
Things  which'.were   distant
ideals begin .to approach near enough
to show definite outlines, and to require some closer hewing of detail.-  (  "
.But, even instates like Wisconsin
where the-"progressives!' are most cf
ail rampant and unashamed, there, will/
stand and always be a distinctive note
bcrween the program of the Socialist
and that of, any other party.' Pro-
gressives who-'are" not'Bnrin■■■..» A?
present the-Tniddle class-not the
workers. - The;'middle class has al'
w.'.j-3 been willing to'use "the workeir.
to get things necessary for "business"'
—and then betray them. But when
it comes to getting off the backs of
the working class? or providing that
the people shall own in common and
democratically manage'those -things
on which tho common life depends—
they are *'not ready to go to that extreme."        '■->_-
Regulate or Own
And,hero is where tho firing lino
will be for some time to come. Tho
progress7-"lf»_ movement will offer
palliatives, vying ,w|4h tlio immediate
program of the Socialists. Thoy will
even look for lnrger political liberty,
hoping that, tho working class will
help tho llttlo business mnn pull cheat-
nuts of competition out of' trust-bullt
fires. And.as a reward they will of-
for to "regulate" the public utilities.
Nono but tho working class dare' nttompt to finally solve thc unemployed
problem; nono but tho' Socialists daro
propose to guarantee education to
every child; nono but ho can propose
that tho profit system bo abolished,
without proposing suicldo for hla clas-..
And so thlspart of tho Socialist program, whllo It will bo ronllzod locally
and piecemeal by its opponent.., can
novor bo granted by, thorn aa a final
nnd complete Bolutlon until thoy aro
ready to turn In and accept tho wholo
position of tho Socialist loglHlalor   '
Thon wo shall havo started on nr.-
other 8ta.ro of civilization, and tho
agitator who is atlll nllvo anil not
turned "ConBorvntlvo SoclnllBt" will
lift hla face toward othor and still
larger question's and ovolvo nnotlior
programmo that will not bo moroly So-
olnllflt, but something greater allll,
aUe ; that i3 they a're d^ K^^^_t^S^^'
L. A. S. DACK, Manager.
Capital Paid Up.7.  "tiisn.innn
te.T aid Undivided p«»flt»— SX
Total Assets „,„;. 44.OOO.OOO
It Is not in its power to' purchase that tho
greatest^ value of money lies. The feeling
of independence, and 6f security against tho
effects of adverse fortune that a reserve fund
gives .you, is infinitely moro satisfying than
th© passing gratification which you would
obtain by spending it. * -   >
Small amounts—which -you Will hardly
miss-deposited regularly, will gradually, but
surely accumulate to a sum large enough to
insure against the effects of business rever--
,ses or loss of employment.
.,„ J« R* Sloan, Agent
erial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund  ....
D. R.
6,000,000      Capital  Paid .Up   .....   5,996,900^
■5,996,900       Total Assets  "72,000,000
WILKIE, Presltfent HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,"Fernie, Golden," Kamloopa, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria',      -. _
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit
ERNIE BRANCH. ■'        . GEO. ,. B. BELL. Manager
The- HOMB.ggg
Along in
the World
The young man who has read any book dedicated to the subject; "How to get along in the.
world," will have noted that tho greatest stress is '
laid on the habit of industry and the habit bf saving.     He is instructed   that   by   industry ,he
earns, and by saving ho builds up—builds up not
■ only his.resources, but his character and business*
instinct as well.   Tho first stop towards getting
tho saving habit is to start an account with one, .
dollar at tho bank.    ■
TO RO NTO    Branchcs luid connections
X ^-/ throughout Canada
AiZl?I!,.,L*lani't0,'!_i SaHhftioliowiin nml
A '-A"..'»»« VuKon Terr torr, llio Norili
Went TorrltorleM and In a por"Ion of
be 1'rovlnco of Urltlnli Columbia, timy
be IiuihikI for u torm of twomy-onu
vonriii at tin annual rental of fl in acre
Apiillculloii for a Idtuo muit bo mndo
by   (liv   applicant   In   portion   to   dm
wjilcli tlio rlichU appllod for are nlUmi.
_,V_,.*_.'ij i'l^1" turf'*t,i'y ("n l«ri<l muni hn
0«Rflrlbei1 liv nef-tlnnB, nv li«rr)l imh-rtlvt-
a«uii» ... m-iidiiim. unit I11 »in»\irv«yeil
territory llin trnet nppl|i,,\ f„r nlmll bo
M£*l\. iy„i'y.,tu" »nplloan( iilmioir.
Kncli nr-llPMlnn must M aerrtmpamU.I
ill? !_,'i,,l!5_A,if,,!0(, r"r »ro »'<l1 iivnlliiblo,
paid on tlia mercltantahln <nittmt nf the
'"'int.^i.^'t **'*"' ^ J"'***' ♦»•■ 111* t"-r ion.
»../-d.p«i0,_. °n«,rB«<J"R tha mine thnll
occountlnir for thn rmi qunntlty nf rner.
chaniftt.le ennl mlriffl an dpny tha roy.
.?,,/i«tli,.,.r«0.n>, ,]. «ho conl rnlnlnV
rl«lit«   nru   noi   ...In..   opaintH.   mn-h
onVrT yeilr." 'Mrnljlwd m WtSi
The leant* will Inelude the eonj mli-lntr
rlirht"1 only, but the Irnimr* nviv l'"\'"r.
aurface rlKhla may ba eanVld" r 1 --
c^j-ary f«r ihf• wnrhinir „r".,,, ,, ,„■
ut tl"  rut« uf IIU.UU un Here.
J. P. MAODONALD, Manager.
Fernie Branch.
^HEN Winds Are Nippy horo is thc toilet lotion
applications. y,1°S  th° ^ P01"0" of "» tollet
fc 'of Z Sf :Cftsy'and or oitrft *»G™] ^ !»
PimwvWailk °r 1? ftuf0 ri(,c BF-NZO ALMOND
nmml^ii ?TS. 10MP0,,°S. ''ostores tbo circulation
1 omovon all of the ill eflects of tho wind
^li?i 1 fen   vitn^1^"1 ontcloopoxoroiw bo-
^1™° ALMOND CROWN.will always tako
wZllIbT      yon ,mvo,°n extron,oly Plicate or
Ladies appreciate it.  25c a box at
Bleasdell's Drug Store
Dr, Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
T606" for Blood Poison
Hpcolnl trratmant for oll.ar tllMen>.e.   ,,r  n,^-    «.„    „.,..
Museum of Anatomy
-^».__ ._,,./ .)1)Ul uvvfrnm) rlirvn.e .linraira of
uv Erec Con»uJtatIon and Advice
..P".rJ1 .,,,"    '"'"frnnVlott" " MMiiir.-tifoi. <
J.h_t_.?.,i_i,!_.T'!',/_!.<_ l)w. Xeerelarv t,f tt,i.
i    ,       .vr        '  "*■"""""■**< Department r,f tha In.*, or, 6ln^7  r
"^rilzi-lloti this year alma to ©tUbllih  ,1ft l,,">* •i«r,'n« °r «ub»A«an. of iJoinin-
K»parl   Mrtltral   lltamlnadnn I'rrr,      v,t9    I_:_._ii_)i__.#i____    »,    ., ,
Dr. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
an nrllficlal majority, .hut* <.lJm_t.it.
Int. the party namo and tho fight for
W, W. Cory,
n*r>.it.» Mlnlaiar t>t th* 1n.<r('.-.
K.fl —llntiutt.nrl««d publication af thl*
a.»terri-.*m.mt  will ut.l U i.«.«. t.,r.
The Ledger for Job Work -~-*Sv..
1 \ x „
I FA. "■*■'
■? <y.' -^ ; "A'AA--- y._A' yy^yyT^^fyy'^yXy;!^^^
• -'■ 7 "„-"''/->'-•'A;'.?\\:,v7?. -   -' -,'-^A>..A''.':;-    *-"v?.V. fy-,."?? *,''';- V
,. •    * ..-    y ,y, /- • /■ • ■/.^t*;'^? '.'-.'•■-y.''-■,-,Jfe:!SrtBH'v^-- •*?'?'-■ *"?!•"- v_i-.-.'.-•*', ■
t\ ji ~
, • •j'-'i
. V- >,, ,.-).    .;J-
«, ' ,
will ia*sieigqpd xit
Dinner Table
e—   '* ' <•*•
•■ v.
Smart Tailored Suits
i „  . , ,
foi' Women
Smart tailored Suits in American styles in blue, grey, brown, black
' ' and wKite stripes,and fancy tweeds, prices ranging from $16 to $37.
• . -Latest styles in long Coats in fancy tweeds, plain serges and pana-
^nias with silk trimmings, prices from $12 to $82.
Children's Fancy, Coats in black and .white 'check with red trimmings, Copenhagen blue and navy, from $5 to $7.50.
, Tailored Silk Waists to match'siiits in blue, white and black stripes
and Oriental designs,,prices from $4.00 to $7.50.
Fancy/Muslin and Linen Waists with Torchon trimmings from $2
to $5. y 7
Ladies' Kid Gioves, best quality in brown, grey, navy, black and y
chamois, from $1.25 to $1,50. * A q.
. Dutch and Linen Collars and fancy Jabots" in. all the new styles.-
Fancy Bags ih Leather, Velvet and Chamois, from $1.25 to $7.
'••■•.- A   . '    ,   "' . •   ■     '    i.""   '
We have an etensive classy line, of- men's ladies' and childrens'
. Shoes.     See our window, for Easter bargains. '*."-.
Turkeys, per lb. '. ' .7 .
Chicken, per lb. ...'.} .v.,	
Cranberries, per lb. ...,	
Johnathan Apples, per lb  .*.'.
Navel Oranges, per doz	
- Lowney's Cream Chocolates, per lb.	
Eggs; 3. dozen for  ?..... P	
Bananas, ,per, doz.	
Lettuce,, per lb ...'.	
Celery, ger lb. '..■': , .'..*.
Cauliflower, 'per-lb ,
Tomatoes, per lb.  _..*....*,
Lowney]s Cocoa, -y% lb. tins '	
^  Mixed Nuts, per lb " '.
'''    McLaren's Cheese, small * pots .........
t ' .»     -   '
'       Quaker Oats, 5 lbs. with china .........
Tiger Brand Pineapple,'2 tins.........
Table Figs, 2 lbs."..'...;.	
Ontario' Honey, 1 lb: „pots  /...........
Wild Rose1 Honey, 2% lb. ,pot .. '.
Comb Honey, 2 lb for ...'..'. .7. ... .
Crosse'and Blackwell's Jam, 2 lb. bottles
Tuxedo Jelly Powder, 4 for '.'..-—. —
Ham and Bacon, per lb. .*.-.	
Boiled Ham, per lb., sliced .-  ?-..
j      Sheriff's Marmalade, 4 lb. tins	
'i,                   ,         •'.'■''
.Olive Oil, Va gal,tins ..  .7 .....
""• iJSvery man li_.es*to7h'ave/a-.new.suit for Easter." t' ..We.have* antici- "[[.
1 ated the wants of,every build, .tail, short, thin, or'stout,-and we.yaiy
fit you in colors or blues and blacks.   ■ We are showing the ,20th V
•■  , '■ -        ■■      '  - 5    -  „-' '■     .'...--■'
Century Brand garments in tweeds or, worsteds, a' The 20tH Century •
Brand is a guarantee of Fit; Style and Workmansliip;
l£*. -:, *
\ '• - ■
I-   -     'il       ^.i
1 "  :Tv
*-.    ..        .".,.'"    '*>.""'
.25 *
.35 ,
. .20
Light tweed Coats are becoming very popular, greys, fawns' and 7
browns being particularly strong.    These are hand-tailored "garments ,
and,are extremely dressy.    We are showing the coats■ in cloths to-' -
. match suits avo have in stock.     * ,•'''*
A     ,   •'   7     ,    A -    ' -, -,
Our Hat Department is full of new and'n'atty shapes in.men's soft A
and hard hats.    We have the cream of American and English produc- y
tions." -If you want a.hat that,is the iiewest style and newest color .;.
see us.' *■ "      . "        '" '?'7;   ,, . ■ '    "'
o _
Every new feature in the tie world will be found imour' stock. New".
fancy flowing-end Ties in a large-.assortment of "colors., -. New border-
ed-end-Ties to be worn without vest.*   Plain Poplin Ties in all shades
in both close and loose ends. ' . =''     . A"* ' ' y -
.7     .   _'   ■    ' A CLASSY SHIRT
Have yo useen our new Silk Shirts with soft collars to match? Beautiful shades and combinations, including fawn, white, pale blues and
greys. °Soft front negligee Shirts .in pique, gingham and cambric in: 0-,
-new shades and'designs with cuff attached made in coat style, any.
size from 12 to 18.y     ■ .. A , '"   .'     y ?       _ ,( ,^  . .',..       A
rSee Ow. Window for Some'of these New Novelties in Shirts, Ties, Hats /
Ross9 Majority Reduced
Official Count Makes it 304
Pernio Electoral Division
Polling Station Ross
Fernie '  114     .
Fernie  130
Fernie '  148
Michel (Old)  77*   ,
Krog '  .... 33   ■
Dorr  12
Sparwood   ,.,, 7   '*
McDougall's (  24
Galloway '  11
Corbin ' <  3>>
Morrissey'. ..'  11
Jaffrny  55
IIoHmcr  02
Coal Creek  -77
White Spruce.'.   10
Bull River  0
Gateway    «7
Ilurmers  4
' Crow's NftHt : .... 33
Buyncs Luke  33
Waldo  38
Flagstone  2
Now Michel  30
Ellen .*  50
FmitlmulH .... ■  10
Davidson     Spoiled
■   80   .."' ,,     3
•.  103 3
129 -   5
135 '4
3 •■;
4 '
" 3       ,
'   28
7 1
149 5
1 ' 2
4            .    2
2 7
solo, "Father Forgive Them," J. W.
Qulnney;" anthein.'' "Lift up Your
Heads,", choir; finale march, "March
of Priests, Mr.'; J. Whitehouse.   ,
Mr, and MrayPollock and daughter,
are leaving ,for a'holiday to California.
A Fpeclal"Easter dinner wlll.be.
served by the ladies of the Knox
Presbyterian Church on Monday evening at' C o'clock. Tho price will bo
BOc. for' adults and 25c. for'cnlldren.
One of the .largest number of friends
and members of'the organization followed tho cortege! and; the District was
'represented " by, ^Secretary-Treasurer
Carter. Services were held in tho
Church of England.    ,,
A-fire,broke.out last night at tho
residence of Pasgiialo Bombeano, on^
Victoria Avenue, opposite Letcher's
Darn. Tho flro brigade was notified
in good tlmo, and; woro able to save
the building, Tho damage dono was'
between three and four hundred dollars, which Ib covered by insurance.
On Sunday afternoon last tho boly
of Wm. \yhlttlo, who lost his llfo at
Coal Creole last Friday, was interred
LONDON, March 18.—The greateot
success ever achlevM at an English
election by women was at Birmingham
today, where of twelve womien nominated for members of the tloard of
Guardians two'were'unopposed and
nine wero chosen.' .,,'•.
Tho only one to fnll was beaten by
a' Laborlte. y
Lofe in the ?Nefayfo^n of?
.■.. .
Will, be sold at" auction in" the town of
Coleman,: Alberta, Monday, April 22, 1912
, Tho inquest on Wm. Whittle, who
lost his life In a cavo-ln at No. 1
South, Coal ('reek, on Fruay. of- last
week, was held ln Fernio last night.
Coroner Dlonsdoll and a jury hoanl
tho evidence nnd brought In a verdict
of "Accfdoutal, death." How many
mombors of tlio Jury woro minors?,
Here and There
Tho roRislar monthly mooting of
tho I.adlca' llonnvolont Society will be
hold at tho homo of Mra, V. 0. La wo
on Saturday, April Glli.
The regular monthly tea ot tho J.itd-
.tio' __'u'._. ut' Oiilal Church v.tl. _i>_
hold at lho home of Mrs, Dack at 3,30
p.m. on WVdnoi-day, April 10.
llio Ladies' Guild of Christ Church
will hold a handkerchief basuinr and
do))catte8i.en «nlo ln tho utoro formerly occupied hy Mclloan, on Saturday,
April 13.
Examinations will ba held for 1st,
Snd, and 3rd claaa certificate., of com-
, potency under the provlalona ol tho
Coal Mlima RiiKuUtlun Aa, ;il NjuuI-
mo, Fornlo, Cumberland and Morrltt,
on tbo 7th, 8th and 0th daya of May,
1012. Commonfilni. at 9 o'clock In tho
forenoon. Por further particular* apply lo Tally Uoyct', st'crctary, Vnmh
mo, n.t,
Approprlnln l'.nstor sorvlcoa will bo
conducted In tho lUiptlat Church on
Sunday, tho Pastor, Rov. D. M. Thorn*
son, having charKO morning nnd even*
lng. Special singing nt tho cycninir
On Good Friday ovonlng, a beautiful cantata, entitled "Undor tho
Pain.**" will 1» Rlvon in tho Mt-
liiuu.B. .sJ.uiiii. ii'i; ciiu.i Miii .on-
ali'l tif iU'W TP volci'p. Tlila jiromL'cy
to bis lho treat of tho soaaon, The
admission will be (iOc. and 2Ec; per-
formanoe commoncinf. at 8 p.m. Don't
fall to hear this.
Knox Presbyterian Church on Waster
Sunday will bo Klvcn entirely ovor to
music. In tho' morning tho Children
Choir will tnko charge of tlio sorvlco
and In the evening the choir, assisted by that accomplished vlolinst, M.
Dcatabulb, will give a muntoalo. Tho
followlnx Is tho programme:. Organ
..luludu, "AduKlu," Mr, J Whltcuou-.u;
anthem, "What aro These," choir; violin solo, 'Meditation," M. BesUbulb;
solo, '"Childrens Home," Mrs. Or'anl;
OTKtin voluntary, "Bell Hondo," Mf. J
Whltehou**; nolo, Mr. P. Htsketh.
Hn. wto. 'Meditation," M nctttahnlt.;
Fernie Academy of Shorthand
and Typewriting
Two  Classes Weekly.   Tuesdays and  Fridays
from 7.30 to 9.30 in the evening
Privnto lessons and hoIccI cIiisho.s by arrnngoniont
Tol. nOKvonings - - ■   " ASA Days
The Big Fire Sale
will continue until
Saturday   Evening
For partioute address Thos. Crahan, New Michel, B.C.
Ollicos will l)i) opon in COLEMAN before the nnlo
In a town whoso success is guaranteed by." a dumber of,grent and growing industries
An.invostmont hero, is,in my opinion, ono'of tho safost, surest and most profit-  t
ablo that could bo entered into. •     ■ .-.,''
It is safer than a'savings bank, as it,is not subject to'panic, while tho prospect-   ■
ivo profits aro-infinitely gi'oator.
It is suro, becauso as a matter of history, proporty iii towns backed by great
industries has always paid its owners handsomely. .  .
The low prices and easy tomiM oWcd on EAST COLEMAN .lots, give thc
wago earner an opportunity which has hitherto been enjoyed only by thoseJmyjng,
largo capital. / . ' „  .     .
Lots $50 and upward according to location
Classified Ads.-Cant a Word
FOR •nWNT--'P'o\ir-Pni.mflrt Coftaw!
moat kltchon, cloth oa closet, -wator,
sink and electric lleht tlxturos, Bltu-
ato next block to publlo school, Pellat Ave.    Apply, Wm. Barton. '
Mclean's Drug & Book Store K"-'. *
f OT)      PUTT?'        TTniUi/t       *T     maawo      V«.^1i
and pantry, connected range; block
47, McAvoy Street. Contrally located.
All fenced and painted. $2500, terms.
Cheap for cash. Apply, L. O. Evan,
Doi 123.
S. C, Puro Broil Duff Leghorn..'
__KP for hntohlngjtrom boat pen for
jr. por 13. Socona pon for $3 per ill.
II. D. .Wllion, Broodor, Fornlo, D. O.
or for Bale/West Pernio, . Apply th'la
Hen and 20 ChlcVt, |«.00,
Chicks, 15.00. ,
Anottifif HSriN M.U _._, C-iici-6, $ wl.
Alio 160 CHICKS, S days old; will
sell In any numbers required.
ALBERT DAVIS, Annex Extension,
WANTtivn -tit i^os-a vtm papwn
at onco for new mlno. Qood wages to
right man. Apply, with full particu.
larsHo Mr. Raton, P. O. Drawer 1876,
Calgary, Altn,
Tloampr. n.O.—-txiia 11 ftml 15, Blnrlf
H, Comer Mnln St., ond Third Avcnoe,
60 by 100 feet; one of the best cornon
In the city; must tiell at once; title
first class, what aro I offeredT—r.
McUcbUn, Box lit, Prince Rupert, a
C- x
POR SALW—Three cars flrsLelaiM.
baled OAT HAY; price $6.00 f, o, b.
COflMalo, This l» r\ch stuff with
more feedlojr value for tbe money than
sny other hay.*1 Will fend sample.—
T. W .Dike, Cosldale, AlU.
Why buy mixtures known as alum
baking powder whon you can just as
woll, and ot no'moro expense, tot
Magic Baking Powder? The Ingredients nre plainly printed on each pack-
1 ago. Stao \t thin U on tlto othbra, AU
Grocers aro authorised to guarantee
that "Magic'' does not contain alum,
FOR RENT—Store In tfce I5el»trt»
IHorlr,     Apn'r, Ct** ■«•* Moffatt.
ovwau mront cousMt. cunt* cotes,
hi ate vmk TM»o*r mo iunob. es etnt*


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