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The District Ledger Jan 21, 1911

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Array ib'rary a?
Industrial Unity is Strength1
-     '     '.        -c,=..^-.!:i-J=--J-*^—- ■  ;■* -.      ;„
The-Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
_
x    » _.     Polihcad Unity as Victory
-    /*- _*. _—-r_ _-.. ___ • yi ■*_
VOL. VI.,   NO. 25.
,..-■)
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE.' B. 0.. JANUARY 21,;1911.
^■sSJ'A,' B;- C.J^pyA YEAR.
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'.   Calgary, Jan. 12, *n..
His Worship the Mayor,-and Ald-
;     ermen of the City of Fernie:
..- Gentlemen: In.accordance with.
, your instructions, '.I have   com-
' pleted the audit of the.city books
to December 31st, 1910, and' a
statement showing .the financial
• position of .the, city*' bn that date
is attached to this report.; '   '.
"", Mr. McDermid ;■ reported Sept.
1-16, that he had made a thorough
audit in respect to cash matters
to July 31st,' but that it would .be
impossible to complete an audit
or make-a balance sheet until the
tax rplls were in harmony with
the '„ ledger,' and ' other matters
1 were attended to. * 7
I ;have checked the Cash Book
with the receipts and vouchers
from Aug. -ist to Dec. 31st, 1910.
I find that with the exception of
Nos; 1338 and 13^0 the entries
are correctly made, and that the
balance shown in the Bank Pass
Book is in agreement with' the
City Books. In respect to Voucher 1338—tb which a pay roll is;at-
tachedr-the amount is, $1398.65
and there are4signatures fpr°$i,-
365.40 arid $2.50 is at the City Of-
. fice in cash not'yet called for. |<or
the remaining $30.75-there are no
signatures but a note on the payroll that, signatures were- attached and evidence that other papers
were attached. As to No. 1370, a
number "of receipts belonging" to
~" this voucher   are  impounded at
.Court. I *'am informed   that   the'
■ whole of*these receipts were attached to this   voucher.. "Under
these ' circumstances,   ,K I - think
'  these vouchers rriay.be passed.
During the past three months
the Cash.has been promptly'deposited to the City's credit,  and
,all payments have been made._by
cheque.   Recently' the*-, accounts
' ; have been properly certified, but
:. a number of old accounts extending back, for * months have  been
 n?ii_l_c_t-ip_» A ____-ii-_l-____T __+____ A c7nQ,
 \J\Aia, vi \ja *a\*-\j — _-*-v« w _vw *. ** v_r vt ■*. * *-w — _c-*4^_c-
' .Ledger1' account was kept, for
these they could not be properly
checked., *  '    *•__
*. While, my audit   of   ,the cash
,   commenced August,,ist, it, --was
-. necessary to go   back   in   other
, matjters to a much earlier date. I
found that the amount showing in
the Tax Roll for'   1005 did   not'
agree -with the   amount showing
in thc l> Ledger   as  "outstanding,
which means that in sending but
thc .tax notices, some were   sent
for amounts which thc city books
already showed were paid,   and
-.others that should have'been sent
were not sent at all. or were sent
', out for incorrect amounts.   This
was the case with the tax notices,
issued after Mr. McDermid's report to enable tax-papers to obtain rectification of errors, and it
resulted in a few amounts being
paid twice.   These have now been
credited to the, tax-payers interested against their 1910, taxes.
'   Together with Mr. Barclay   I.
.    checked  over ,,the whole of the
*   tax payments for the   past   few
years and thc rolls were corrected.
It was difficult to deal with the
amounts prior to October, 1908,
as a number of records were lost
about the time of the fire,  but
■we eventually succeeded in locating every payment except one —
an amount of $1:25 in 1907.
.   A correct set of tax notices can
now be sont out, and T would advise that this should be done as
early as possible,
The Water and Electric Light
Accounts had not been balanced
with,the Cash Book since these
departments started, and there
were a number of allowances
credited in thc Consumers' Ledger for claims on account of freezing, non-supply, etc, which had
not been debited against thc departments-and which had not
been put before thc council. A,list
of the amounts was handed to
lhe Chairman of thc Finance
Committee to obtain consent for
crediting  same,  ano! they  have
REPORT
cil, and that the accounts will be
balanced monthly. This should
certainly be done, as it entailedj
much .time and needless work to
balance the mass of small accounts in the Water and , Light
Ledger spread - over, a period, of
thirteen months, and itis "not satisfactory to pass credits on account of age rather than merit.
Your statement of 1909 shows
Accounts,. Receivable' $2,68976,
but your books .only contain records of $2,104.24; the balance,
$585.52, may be owing, but, ■ in,
the absence of the names of debtors and particulars of the'debits,
the amount is uricollectable, and
had to be written off.
Your statement, 1909, shows as
an asset—Hydrant: $600.00 — but
the cash was paid for the supply
of water to the hydrants, so this
amount had to 'be wiped out.   .,'
°," Your statement of "1909 shows a
Liability - of   $9,191.30   Sinking
Fund, and   also shows the    full
amount of the Debentures as', a
Liability. I can find nothing   iri
your books indicating that such a
liability existed at that time, and,
on enquiry, was. informed that it
was an error in the statement' of
1909."    ■    "        -,■'_'   "->''yr 7
As instructed by you, I made
an audit of the School. Account
and prepared ..the attached statements.   Mr. McDermid reported
on School Board Vouchers   arid
receipts tp July 31st, .1910.   The
trustees made ' somq small - payments since that/date for .which
they produced receipts  and   returned cheques..,. The remaining
payments have been made by City
cheques,   arid the' vouchers are
..dealt with along with,other City
vouchers. I  -would strongly' re-
and it' would- facilitate _the City
finance if it were, reduced^';
In respect to the, Water .and
Light accounts,, here-vyith attached, these departments have paid
for the Interest on Debentures
and 'have been .charged, with, the
amount of the Sinkirig':Pund." I
woiild suggest that it^pjild be
better to charge agairistitliese departments the/interest *;ohly and
a reasonable amount eacli year
for/depreciation,, \ and reduce the
respective Plant accounts by. such
amounts.
I-understand there is-included
in the Asset value ' stated ior
Water, and Light Plant the value
of the Franchise taken over by
you. This must be considered in
debiting the amount'of .-depreciation.     The amount of .deprecia
tion on account of the Franchise
can be spread over as many years
as the Franchise may reasonably
be expected   to hold good,, and
the total amount of depreciation
adjusted accordingly. ,.
' In order that you should '-'riot
have any heavy renewal accounts
coming on to any particular year,
it is to the city's interests that
the Council should use its .best
warranted in doing. .The plan'.I
have suggested would allow of
your arriving at a correct idea of
the Commercial results as regards
profit and loss of the Department,
and will also allow of you showing your assets correctly. '. You
are obligated to produce the
Sinking-Fund and have taxes for*
that purpose; if the taxpayers
wish the amount,   pf   the ' plant
DEBENTURES ISSUED FOR-THE YEAR 1910
By-Law No.     *                Purpose              •■ •   7    Amount     Amt. Expended
.1 _    ,'  Local Improvements..,.' $'6,495.02 $ 6,495.02 ,   '
96 '      Storm Sewer Extension     27,000.00 26,769.37....
97 Waterworks Extension......  ....   19,000.00. 14,650.26..'.
99*        Electric Light.Extension '-9,000.00*: •      -6,318.17	
100 ,-    Annex School -...     6,400.00' 5,921.87
101 ,    Streets    ............    10,000.00   '       '7,149.17
103 ,   Fire Alarm.. _..'• '4,500.00   * 12.10     "
104 Sanitary Sewers'....   ....   ....    27,000.00 14,971.15
109 School Grounds..  ....  .... :...        600.00.      .. 15.00
School Grounds.
S. W. BARCLAY, City Treas.,0 '
January 13th; 1911.
REVENUE
Rebate "Taxes  $ 1,810.10
School Board '11.611.77
Expenses... *..      1,549.55
Salaries ■-.     1,839.05
Fire  Department         5,680.25
Printing and Stationery -..     .  436.30
Street Sprinkling 95.35
Health      2;593.84
Interest      2,427.02
Police Salaries -... 1      5,346.00
^nji^n^d-tria±TthT"Tru.stees require a responsible officer to
vouch-for the delivery of, all material supplied .to the School
Board and the execution of work
charged' against the School
Board,' and to check and certify
the accuracy of the accounts before passing then, for payment/
From Jan. ist, 1909, to July
31st ,1910, the School Trustees
had their own bank account, and
made payments on behalf of the
School Board. During the same
period the City made payments direct to creditors of the School
Board on .behalf of. thc School
Board. Thc School books were
not closed and balanced at thc end
of 1909, In August the trustees
had an overdraft from the Home
Bank, which was covered by a
cheque from' thc"*CUy in September, iqio, and they held until recently a small balance at the
Canadian Bank of Commerce,
which now stands in thc .City's
Books as a debit against*- tlie
Bank, the School Account having
been credited with thc amount.
In order   to   show   bow   the
money so handled has been spent,
it is necessary   to combine   the
two years 1909 and 1910 and   to
combine the expenditures   made
throtieh the   Trustees'*' accounts
with that made through the City
books direct,   T hope that the attached statements will make  thc
matter clear to you. When the
total expenditure was arrived at,
T found that thc $53,216,17   had
been spent up to Dec. 31st, 1910,
on the school building and   furnishings, which was $13,216,17 in
excess of thc amount provided by
the government grant and debenture issue, In December, 1909, the
School building amount, $20,000,
was carried as an asset  in   thc
City books, Thc School books at
that date indicated an expenditure
of $38,692,13, and the City book's
show $9,511.04 spent in 1909, Thc
School and Furnishings arc carried in this year's statement  at
$50,000, $326.17  being  deducted
Telegrams
Police Court Expenses .
Legal 	
Heating City Hall.',	
Donations    ....
Interest on Debentures
Stable 	
Street Lighting  .
Office Expense	
Sewer Maintenance ...
Engineer's Salary '..*...
Water Supplies  	
Poor and Destitute ....
Election Expenses :....
Horse   Department   ..'.
Harness ,. -	
Street  Improvements   .
Office Furniture	
Elec Light Instruments.
Street Sprinkler . „	
,S_inldng__Eund„.JJ._.__.7.__.._.._.,
Insurance	
25.62
1,237.35
350.05
207.00
810.45
6,030.94
409.76
928.Ou
, 501.96
'446.10
395.00
100.00
731.50
267.79
100.00
30.00
324.11
26.15
2.10
'   65.00
__4.3m_.3J_.
417.81
Balance  _-...'   13,946.22
600.00..
Certified Correct,
r. w. Mcdonald,
January 13th, 1911.
ACCOUNT   •'-.--_,.«
Taxes        .*. $29,098.35
Interest on Taxes   1,335.55
Dog and Pound,;'  308.20
Police   Fines   _"   „ 4,234.85
Liquor  Licenses     4,710.00
Keep of Prisoners  303.12
Road Tax    728.00
Use of Seal :...'  * 6.50
Water   .'  5,575.57
Electric Light ....  5,024.24
Traders* Licenses'"...1.  2,802.50
Sewer Rental   1,259.50
Sewer Connections   179.40
School Board Building ac... 9,486.70
Total Expenditure of School Board In Two Years, 1909 and 19.10
School Buildings and Furniture 7  .... $53,216.07
Rent and Temporary Building    1,360.84
Salaries '.  17,492.61
Caretaker ;  .;.. 1,011.94
Secretary
Insurance.. 7.	
Fuel '.'-.... .7,
Printing .'.	
Expenses .. ........
Water	
Light	
Loss on Debentures
,262.00
" 727.50
' 329.3*5
45.60
1,426.61
130.00
84.00
-204.00
Charged through School Books ....  .... $58,865.04
Charged through City Books ;   17,425.51
$76,290.55
S. W. BARCLAY, City Treas.,
■ January 13th, 1911. .
Certified Correct, '
-    it. w. Mcdonald,
1    January 13th, 1911;
$65,052..48
S. W. BARCLAY, City Treas.,
January 13th, 1911.
ELECTRIC
Profit and
STATEMENT  OF  ASSETS AND LIABILITIES
December 31st, 1910.
ASSETS
Real Estate and Buildings—
School building. $50,000.00
Fire Hall  16,271.45
City' Hall     18,033.31
Annex School' ..' 5,921.87
Real Estate   ....    6,358.20.
Isolation Hospital      971.90
Park   13,573.38
Nuisance Ground       547.06
LIABILITIES
Debentures       	
Accounts Payable .'.	
Home Bank—General Ac.
.■Ditto    Sewer Extension
, Ac. :        13,841.65
Ditto  Local Improvement
„ Ac .„.' -.     6.572.35
$343,640.77
4,344.16
34,866.10
&"■
$65,052.48
Expenditure  $13,791.47
Discounts nnd Allowances. 3,775.27
Discounts estimated  from
Dec, accounts   600.00
Sinking Fund :.. 1,050.96
Interest on Debentures  2,500.00
Revonuo   5,024.2-1
Certified •■ correct,
R. W.MCDONALD
January* 13th, 1911.
LIGHT     DEPARTMENT
Loss Account—Year 1910
Receipts  ....' $26,707.9-1
Inspection Fees      '. 34.00
$26,741.94
$26,741.9-1
S, W. BARCLAY, City Treas.,
January 13th, 1911.
Expenditure  $ 3,039.82
Interest on Debentures .... 5,000.00
Sinking Fund  ...*  2,101.92
Revenue _  5,575.57
Nett  Profit for Year 1910 $ 5,024.24
Certified Correct,
It. W. MCDONALD,
January 13th, 1911.    .
WATERWORKS   DEPARTMENT
Profit and  Loss Account—Year 1910
Receipts  $10,317.31
Plant— '
Electric  light   .-.$50,0,00.00
..Do .  Extension
, 1910 ;   6,318.17
Meters    ...    3,729.45
Water  works   ;. 98,844.30
___Dp._7Extensions 14.650.26_
Do."   Tools   .." . '373.50 ■
Incinerator        361.25
$111,677.17
Equipment        **
Stump-puller  and   '
Sprinkler      567.53
Grader* *.      289.58
Police equipment      288.70
Fire   Department
Equipment   ... . 9,641.04
Furniture      and
Fixtures •..-... „   654.09
Horses'     1,805.70
Harness & wagons     260,46
Engineers' Instru-
,   ments ...-.   ...      405.43
Office   furniture.      500.00
City  Hall Furniture ■■	
$16,317.31
S. W. BARCLAY, City Troas.,
January 13th, 1011.
$16,317.31
,.$ 5,575.57
Nett Profit—year 1910
Certified Correct,
R. W. MCDONALD,
January 13th, 1011.
CITY OF FERNIE 8CHOOL BOARD   *
Account of CASH Received and Exponded During 1909 and 1010 through
Trustees' Banking Account
Cnsh on hand—January lfit,1009  $4,602,20
Cash rocolvod from City    ^'.'SH
llnnk Overdraft (Homo Bank)      3,454.59
Bulltllng Account	
Gonornl Expenditure	
Ilnlanco at Canndiim Bunk of Commcrco	
Bank and Cash—
Can. Bnnk,pf Com-
morco ,
Homo B'k—Sinking Fund Ac. .
Cnsh   	
1,003.54
,49.47
16,654,52
1.50
Taxes and Rates Outstanding—
1905 Taxes  0.90
1006 TnxoH   277.92
l!)07Tnxos  1,002.10
1908 Taxes  3,208.24
1909 Taxes'.  5,826.70
$42,805.14
15,999.90
•19.17
1910 Taxes	
Interest on outstanding taxes.
Wntor arrears ..
LlKlit arrears ,..
Light Dec$3,C40.29
LOHB  OBt
DlBcount    600.00
Sewer Rontnls .,
Traders' Licenses
8,305.9!)
1,335.55
2,324.63
3,377.25
3,010.29
832.50
200.00
S. W. IURCLAY, City Troas,,
January 13tli, 1911.
$58,91-1,81
$58,014,51
Corllflod Correct,
ii, \v, Mcdonald,
Jnuunry Kith, 1911,
CITY OF FERNIE 8CHOOL BOARD
Statement of all CASH received and expended during  1909 and 1910.
By Credit oh Lot    $ 1,000,00
Expenditure.       70,290.[ifi
now been put  through and   thc ,.   ...■■-..,-
_ onlM hnlniwrf   nn th_ nttnehed Ifor depreciation
Cash 011 hand, Jnn. 1, '09...
Rocolvod from City, ns por
School BooUs, Jnn, '09 to
July 31, 1010 	
Ovor Draft—pnld hy City ,,
Tnlil direct by City ......
$ '1,002.20
50,857.60
WA51.50
18,125,51
$77.3111,02
S. W. BARCLAY, City Tioiih.,
January 13tl>, 1911.
nnlnnco on hnnd nt llnnk
of Commcrco, 1 niton ovor
by City 	
49.17
977_.1_U.02
Outstanding AecountB
Receivable—
Provincial (lovt. .   -1,081.75
U.S. Fidelity nnd
& (.liinr, Co     3,600.23
Sundry AcrounlB   1,233.41
Unexpired    Inmirnnca   ..
Improvements—
RnwoiH    40,185.4(1
StronlH     3,000,00
Locnl Improv,, 09 11,852.01
Storm Sowors .,. 26,769.37
Locnl Improv. '10   •1,-Mfl.tlB
StreotH      7,149,17
Sowoi-h    1*1,971.15
Flro Alnrm .... 12.10
School Grounds..       1 fi.00
29,858.03
8.915,39
832.20
Cortitlod Corrocl,
n. w. Mr-noVALD,
Jnuunry 13th, 1011.
STATEMENT Showing 0A8H  Received  from  City   Beyond  Government
t Grant ..
Credit wnlftncn on  Cily—
Hchool liccouni, Jnn. 1, '09 $ 2,321,51
DobonlurcB   $15,000
SpocWi! Govt Grant. 25,000
statement shows. T understand
thnt, in future, no nllownnccs
other than the authorized Electric,
Llpht Discount will be allowed
without the consent of the Coun-
NOTICE TO MINERS
All mlnen -wilt pleme itay
■way from Bankhead   until.
further notice. No tcarclty of
labor her*.
!_ WIICATLEY, 9oe
i would (iUKfjcsi tiiat a separate valuation be made for -SJiuu.
Building and Furniture and thai
separate accounts be kept of these
two assets in thc City's books, as
the depreciation on the furniture
nnd Fixtures is much greater
than that on thc Building.
T would advise that, as early as
possible, you satisfy yourselves
that there is sufficient insurance
on thc City's property.
1 would suggest than an endeavor be made to reduce the amount
of arrears of taxation; the
amount outstanding is very high
Cnflli rnrnlv-wl—.Tun. 1, '99
ta Docmnbor HI, 1910 ..
From City—na per particulars In abovo statomont
bittxi
$50,857.00
3,-ir--l„G0
in    1 ft-****    *• .
i.O,iw>4*4/4
• 111,102.11
$172,143.10
opened, in the''.Ledger* for ..every
contract, and would suggest that
this be carried out, but. in place
of crediting the full amount of the * *
Contract'. 1' would „ recommend
that the amount of the Contract
and terms of-.payment be written
at the head; of the account, and
that, ori receipt of--" each .certificate from the architect or superintendent in charge bf the ** Contract, the amount of work certified as executed should be credited to the account'and debited to
By-Law Account'The .cash pay--* ,
ments would be debited to the
Contractor Account in the Ledger
and the account would show' the
balance due for work. executed,
and the notation at the head of
the account, would give the difference required' to complete., the
contract.'
In reference to   receipts: You
need and have a special form   of
receipt for   (1)    General-Taxes;
(2)   Water and Light;   (3) Licenses.   I would recommend that   -
you procure a supply of "a fourth
receipt form,   bound,in duplicate -
books, ...numbered   continuously,
and that this fourth form be your
official   form for   every item' of
cash received into the City Office
not   included   under   the   other
heading^, and I would further recommend that all receipt forms in
the City Office,,.other than these, -
be destroyed!   While miscellane-'
ous receipt books lie around the
office, there is always the chance -
of one being mislaid, and of errors arising in the entry of   cash
without a proper opportunity   of
being checked. With four sets of ■
continuously     numbered   receipt
forms covering every source   of
revenue, the   possibility of inadvertent error is eliminated,   and .
an intentional error is made more-
difficult. *    .'
I liave' checked the -Debenture
account arid Sinking Fund*7ac-'
count.. The full _iir.6"nt* cf the
principal due to the Sinking Fund
was paid in before Dec. 31st, but.
as some of thc payments**, had
been .made- late a cheque for
$725.44 to compensate for the
interest that would have accumulated has been ' paid' into the
Sinking Fund Account to-day.
Tn conclusion I would say that
I had the opportunity ,while .'assisting Mr. McDermid in September to sec* the condition of
your Books at that date, and. to
know thc enormous amount of
work that would.be required to
get them up to date and in balance ; I can, therefore, .appreciate tlie effort that has been made
by your present staff during thc
past few. weeks to bring the work
up to date and into condition that
would allow of a statement being
produced at this dale. The receipts during December, which
were heavy, also testifies to, thc .
improvement that hns been made.
Respectfully submit ted.
K. W. McDonald.
Ui<* Worship the Mayor and Aldermen nf City of Fcrnic:
Dear Sirs: Supplementing my
report to you of to-day's dale. I
find that you have no record at
your office of the land held by
ynu, and T am unable to chock up
thc titles Ihat you should hold,
T would ..sugn-fst that such record be made and that you depute
cither your finance committee, or
some members of your cnuncil, In
examine lhe deeds and lo report
In the council if tliey arc in accordance with such record.
Respectfullv •uihniitti-'d,
'R. W. McDonald.
llllllllK'O —   KlirplllH   ntlHOlH
ovor llnbllltlOB        flR.878.RB
H. W. HAUCI.AV, City TrtutH,,
Jitnunry 1.1th. 1911.
CHRIST CHURCH
IliKlit 1.-.V..A.
Curl If tod Corrucl.-—
it, \v. McDonald,
Jimiiitry Kith, 191
$72,737.7(5
Othor flnvl. Ornnlft'tw-Mv-nil
Amount roc'bln from Hond
Co, on Hchool account ..
Cro.Ilt« In City Hooka ....
nn to      	
Ditto
Ditto
iii no
Ditto
1 * • 1 ( 1 t 1
ifl,4M,sr,i
1.SG3.3.1.
■10,47
2.2. r.r.
270.75
,v„. 111
1,000.00
<      1 1
.- .........I .»,    .i.tlm
1   ,,      f    '
.M.I.jJl    IM
endeavors Ut have thc upkeep   ol
thc Plants maintained   at a high
,     it.?,.,         !„    ..,„
•J r,      ■*-
,', ui,i.w;i> • J i/ii'.iuD
plant should be charged against
current expense acc-rmut, and, in
this case, under normal circumstances, thc amount you would
need 10 write oil ior depreciation
would be very small. The value
of an asset composed of a plan!
and Franchise   may  be taken at
. «    *  . .._,«,»       _.     ,. a a,    * . „   - .   . -   .   any time at its readily saleable
A Government Grant of $3,000.00 wee depoelted direct Into School  Onnlo .„;,,,„, ,,,i„A  i.Hf !f ,^,.1,1    k_»
Ino Aeeounl-ln the ebove etatement II le added to amount received by market value, but it would    no
tho City, ae ehown In City's Books, and credited to the City in tho amount)inadvisable lor a city in dealing
»50,857.«e.     „„,,„„,    „.             ' ,., , „       . will) public utilities to take   thc
S. W. IUUCI.AY, City Trua*.,   CeUltlwl Correct * ,          ~ ,,•..,„,,„„ _i tilU ,1...    ,
January 13th. 1911.                    Ii. w. McDONAM). |**a,"c   aa/anlaRc ol this Ui-ai   a
January 13th, 1911. commercial   company might   be
maintained without reduction, it
is open to them to give thc taxes
.*:!. r
Ilnlnnco    10,720,01
I"
$72,737.70
k... _!.■<. W_k'-r 3\i...j.,1j;)i.j)1 \^
twice as much   as   lhe   Electric'
I.ijjhl   for   thc   Sinking   Fund.
which is your present method of
taxing thc departments with   de-
preciatio;ti, ano tne aim-uni ox depreciation may be less, and, upon
the nett. profits  shown,  depends
thc price that you can charge for
each utility. T would suggest that
you   consult   your   department
chiefs upon this matter,        ,.      i
I would call your attention   to|
Mr. McDermid'** recommendation ■
that separate accounts should be |
     ill' lVllrliM.  nlh)if>|)
$1/2,11.1.39 jnf Nmv woHt'niliiHl.ir, will visit J-'ornlo
'Siuidny iinvl Ilie _)'.!inl. fnr 'lie imrpowo
I of (.fillfiilhus tlin new (Inii'cli nml iiIho
■fur mliiiliilHf-n-rlti-Rr Cniifliinntlon.'   Tint
!'»*i-v|f*ow will bn na follow--;:
Hoi*.' . .mitnutilnii, .*,*:!'■ run.
MntliiH mul Doillcatlon, 11 11,111,
MvoiiHonK   nml   Cniiflrinntloti,
p.m,
•VI*', t '* 1 t'l  f-r-i-'*   *••   t    11,    ■   -
lvlr*/»H. Cnrdlnl Invltnllnn fn iho cf>ni*»
rnl puhllo In nltmi-1 nny or nil of Dwno
sorvlcos,
nf'^rpn*
",:io
,1V . tv*>
Owing to the Mtnee at Coat
Creek only being partially operated, and the number of Idle
men very large, all workere
are requeited to etay away
from Fertile until further ad-
vieed. D. REES,
lifr.mtary
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 1S.-V----7
fabv^i*4,'i.i!ii>fi**i*p
•    <y -   _  --, V   • y.     .        .     7-
v^tM*ytt*i>y*^- ■H-^'-APiiirmi****-*! rfrv>r*''Vy»g'<tf^ocmomubu.
'^••'r'-iVff' H_ *rwei*njy\w*ff •*"
^
. .JT3* t-MfWZ'ffib.i
— v-rt-'&Zfpf^iSi"'-: -*. ''-.y >•*•''—^—:—■"■•—r
.^._i__r*»M-..—y    .     '   .jiiim-ifrrtT- -jtni-mf   _Tfnini>i*TT»r*-ih^"il 'jm"_iImi» iiWiiMi. lu'in
n^ytt^tyutfHOi!**-****'»'
PAGE TWO
BELLEVUE
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C JANUARY 21, 1911.
OiV THE EXPLOSION
~r
(Continued from last week)   .
<_*•.   This is .what the same authority
■ says on page 650:
''Carbon monoxide also produces
poisonous effects, The blood is never
fully saturated, and some gas may be
diffused into all the tissues, indeed,
it has been shown. This raises the
question as to whether a corpse may
,not absorb' gas from the atmosphere
when the death has been due to other
causes."
If this is true when the blood is
not completely saturated and if- experiments have made, or rather, lt
the occasion presented itself to discover that absorption can take place,
then Is It not possible that the corpses
here might have absorbed it and particularly the corpse of the man whoso
head was crushed? Is it not possible
that It has obtained all the appearance of poisoning by carbon monoxide through absorption after, death?
. A. Of course, you have raised a
point which I cannot answer satisfactorily. I don't think It can be answered    satisfactorily any  way.,     I
' think further on It is mentioned that
there. Is a great doubt on the probability, if not In there , In some other
text book. It is doubtful whether carbon monoxide .would be absorbed
through the body. ,
Q. Would notthe fact that tbis man.
with the fractured skull had the same
appearance as the other men, would
not that fact alone lead you to practically, admit the theory, that a corpse
can absorb that gas, because the Injury was of such a nature that death
must have been instantaneous, and If
ho has the same appearance as the
others, then, the .poison must have
found Its way through the system?
'   A;   But there Is a possibility that he
, might have absorbed it before he was
" hit.      ...,,*•'
The Coroner: That Is only one authority you quote, Mr. Mackie, and
don't see ■ that. there Is any need to
go Into the matter .further. The doctor has answered* It.
, Dr. Malcomsori:' Of course, Mr.
Mackie, If I maybe allowed to quote
from the best authority that I can
come' across on mine gases, and that
is Doctor Haldane, who was appointed
by Royal Commission to enquire*  into
. explosions, ln mines in Great Britain.
.The toxlty of this gas depends more on
the atmospheric condition with regard
to the quantity of oxygen. * * Now we
have been consuming up the oxygen
* of this room, so a small volume here
would be more "dangerous than a larger one under better conditions were
we had" more oxygen.     ■ . -
"Carbon oxide (that is carbon monoxide) is more .poisonous when.it contains a diminished proportion of oxy-
' gen, and should carbon oxide be pre-
.sent in atmospheric .or in large
quantity, it may cause death with convulsions in, so few seconds that the
blood in certain parts of the body may
contain very little carbon haemoglobin, death "having occurred too, rapidly for tho whole of the blood to" have
become saturated." , .     ■
_v»—._ :_. : ..,.*._—.-.,...,-.__..._ _■_.__. +■_....
TtU.V^—H—in—IjlliLG—JJU._ ll, Id^l-llUl.- Lin-.-
man that got. the blow on-the head
may have vespirated one or two short
breaths afterwards. I am' not saying he/would; those are things'that no
one can give a-positive answer to.
cy. I don't think, doctor, that you
care to go into a discussion on mine
gases. „,
A.   I nm not an authority. '
Questioned "by Mr. Wood:
Q.   You told the jury that you saw
no  signs  of  struggle  on  these  men
whose bodies you examined?
A.   No, I didn't;  No.
Q,   I think* you told the jury* also
thnt carbon dioxide, that is  to  say,
C02, produces suffocation; the effect
of it Is to mako a man struggle, that
is, tf a mnn dies llirough breathing
enrbon  dioxido,  ho  really dies  from
suffocation?
Ai Broadly speaking.' Of courso,
we could go Into the finer terms, but,
brondly sponklng, it is., not a toxic
poison In the snmo souse as the other
gns.
Q.   No;   nnd  ho  doos  not  die  so
much from the poison of tho gas as
from not getting nlr, from fighting for
nlr?
A.   Yos;   (lint's If.-
Q, ' So Ihnt If a mnn dies from dioxido,  ho  *.\illl  ho' nlmoHt.    certainly
fighting for nir at tho tlmo ho dies,
nnd thero villi bo signs of struggle?
A,   Not In nil cnsoH,
Q.   Not nil, hut that, Is gonornl.
A.   Tt. Is,tho volume   of   gns that
would mnko the difference,
„, Q.   Yes; I understand,     But ns n
gonornl proposition, ln n lnrgo number
of ciihoh tlinl, would bo found to bo so,
nnd noii80'uionl_)y you  would  oxpoct,
undor lho clrctiniHtnncos of this cnRO,
to hnvo found  Hlgns of strugglo If
tlioflii men lind died of carbon dioxido?
A.   Somo of them, yos,     Somo of
them, nt. all events,
Q.   And you didn't find It nt nil?
A.   No.
Q, So thnt whon my lonrnod frlond
hnd you sny thnt. yonr only ronson
for supposing that Uioho mon died of
enrbon monoxldo wns Uio fnct that
thoy hnd n chorry rod color, It wns
not quito nrruriitn. Thn otlinr indication, nnd n vory Import tint nun, wns
thnl thoro wiih no, HlgiiH of ntrugglo
nlHo?
A, Woll. I only tnko lho two In con.
jiincllon. Of coiirno. I must admit
ns fnr ns T go, thnt, thn condition of
(bono in on Is one that, ono would novor
forgot. It. BlrlkcB ono so Inlonnoly
' thnt mm could lint not rid of tlin sen*
watlonn. and could not forgot It.
Q, Tho effort of liionlhltiK enrbon
monoxide Is, ns I tiiid'>n*tr.nd lt, much
tlin Hnnir* nn Inkliut pilmr, or n lnii-ah-
Ing gns;  you go lo nb>o\i arid die?
A, Yoh; but ynu go to Hioop much
onK'ni* thnn you would with olthor of
thom. If yoti want in mnko n.r-nrn-
pnr I lion, I would hiikik-hi liml II Im
mori* like n limit that him taken morphlno; It Ih a nniTotlc,
X/.       )(.'_>,    I.HI.   in   _>_<;..   .1   li.-<!.-_    llllll'
pnrl^n-n       It   t«  nil  ottoot   *■......cil.I...'
llko a iinr'otl'*, llko morphlnn, not only
only not lnilix-iUK tdgim of n Htrugt;!*..,
lmt It-mini*, thr* opp-mlt.--** cttoot alio-
gr-thr-r, n rmrr-nflp, ns you sny. And
thin wnn tho npiioiirniico of Uioho 20
mon?
A,   Yds,
Q. Now, doctor, do you know of nny
othor ki\h nt nil thnt lum thnt offoct
upon pnoplo, that Im to nny, tho pink
color, tho Hiipornnturn! color of tho
blood, tho waxwork npp'-iirtuico of tho
figures?
A. Nono thnt I have ovor known or
rend of.
Q. Ho that If you found tlmt cond I*
llnu, you amid lio unite sure, could
y.ii not. no tar an your ■medical opinion roo . without nn oxamlnaMh of tho
blood, thai Uir* torn died from enrbon monoxldo?
A.     Yen.
Q. You don't, of course, undertake
to say, or would not say, that "carbon
monoxide could be produced in any
other, way than by an explosion. I
mean by concussion, or something of
that sort by setting up great heat?
A. No, I would not.
Mr. Mackie:' In the bodies that, you
examined, was..there_any appearance
of injury, outside of'this .one man?
A.   There were several bruises that
I found around- the face, but none to
any extent. .-*'.■
Q.   I want to knowcif there was the
appearance  of  any  powder  having
been blown upon their faces, s^ch   as
would occur, for instance, in the case
of, an explosion.     Did-you find any
trace of that? '
A.   No.   " ■
Re-examined by Mr. Campbell:    .
Q.   I have got Taylor, the English
authority, I believe it is a standard
work.     They talk about duration. He
says hore:
"The symptoms   will   commence
within a very few seconds of breath
-IngC.O.,  and  if  the  proportion  of
gas Is at all high, say as much as
one per cent, they will rapidly amount to a severe degree (vide cases).
It it probable that 5 minutes of exposure to one per cent of .CO. would
inevitably be fatal."
Would that probably be correct?
' A.   Well, as he says, lt Is problematical. ■-'■* ' -
Q. Yes; but as far as the effect is
concerned, he says two or three seconds; and in the' post mortem appearance on page 547: "Beyond the
bright red color there are no, appearances either suggestive or indicative,
of it." And that is what you.found
in these men?
A.   Yes.
Q.. Now, when you stated to Mr.
Mackie that there are cases in which
carbon dioxide causes struggling, I
gather from you that.carbon dioxide is
strangulation, lack of air?
A." Well, that Is it, in broad terms.
Q. Some persons may ,dle without
showing signs of the struggle?- ■
A. The probabilities are that they
will show great signs of struggle.
Q. Well, that Is problematical; but
there are ' cases * where they do not
show?     .'        '     *
A,    The bulk of cases do show.    In
ordinary suffocation they show that
livid appearance that I spoke of.
Q.   And the 2 men did not.
A.   No.
Q. - (By a juryman) I would like
to ask the origin of the carbon monoxide, mhy it, should - be in the
mine?
Mr. Campbell explained that experts $vere present in the court, who
would go thoroughly into that question later. ' '-.
Q...  (By the  Foreman):      There
is no doubt in your mind, doctor, tliat
these 20 men died from the effects
■ of poison by carbon monoxide.   Had
*   they died,from the effects of'.carbon dioxide, there is no doubt there
■would have been .signs of a struggle,
 at—least—on_some__jo __Uiem,_JiYi_d___in_
appearance?    *'   ' '..
A.   Yes;  there, would have been
'  an absolute appearance. You would
not find 2G bodies dead from the effect of carbon dioxide, with the appearance of 20 bodies dead from cn.-
hon monoxide. .
Dr. Ross sworn:
Questioned' by" Mr.,, Campbell:
Q.   You are a uhyslcian practising
at Hillcrest?
A.   Yes.
Q. And you were present, at this
disaster in the mine in Bellevue on
the fltli of December, ' What time
did you get, there,' doctor?   .
A. I cannot say positively; I think
about 8 o'clock,at night. ,, .
Q.   Did you go into tho mino?
Yes.    * ■   ■"
How far Into the mine?
I don't know. ''
Did  you sec any injured men
the mino?
"A.   Yos.
Q,   What condition wore tlioy in?
Wns It, thnt night?
A,,  is*o;  In the mornliis
Q.   'Did* you  so  any  injured  men
thnt night. "       *   *
A.' Yes: J snw one mnn got out
with n Htinlp wound, Dono; Boll nnd
I sowed it up  ' •
(J. Wnn ho suffering from more or
loss fhock?
Q.   Did you see any other bodies
besides the 27? . ,   -   .-
A.   Yes; I saw three more.
Q.   Do you know what symptoms
they exhibited?
A.   No; they were brought down between ll and 12 the following evening.
Saturday evening.,
.._.Q._ Do you know the names of these
three; doctor?
... A.   I don't. (.
Q. They we're brought out of the
mine afteryards, were they?   ,   ,      ,
A.   Yes;   they, were  brought out
Q. And you made an examination'
of them?   .   "
A.   J^o. *' - '     "
Q. You say you went lh the mine
the next morning, doctor?-
A.   Saturday morning; yes.
Q. Did you see any more overcome
by gas?  .
A. ' Yes.   . -   - -
Q.   Any insensible?
A. Well, the men I saw' were all
dead.
Q. They ,were some of the men who
were subsequently, ln the wash-house.
A. . Yes; they were the men that
were in the wash-house the same day.
Questioned by Mr., Mackie:
Q. Did you notice anything that
would Indicate, for Instance. like colored pin pricks, as though fine shot
had blown Into.them. Anything of
that kind?
A. One man. His face had a
large number, of small abrasions very
much like you describe.
Q. You have seen, perhaps, the
faces,of the mlnei'B where they have
blue colorings. , I understand lt is
caused by constant picking, and the
hard pieces of coal flying out and Injuring them, and It leaves a certain
coloring under the skin. Now .you
say that you found one body .that
gave you the impression that there had
been some explosion of some very
fine coal. .      . **
A. Yes; It won 1*1 appear tha* lliey
Isad,'been struck by very minute pa-'*!
cles, .in the face.
Q. ©And tliat was the only one?
A, Yes.
, Q. Now, I want you to make It
as clear as possible.- Could it have
been caused by anything else? Could
it have been caused by these little
abrasions that you speak of?, Could
they have been made by any other
cause, than  an explosion?    *
• A.* I could not speak.definitely. But
I think they -could have' been caused
by other than an explosion,
Q. What was. the- largest injury
you saw of that nature?, Were they
larger than pin pricks? ;
A.   Oh, yes.
Q.   How large then?' '
A.   Some might be a' quarter of an
inch in extent.   ,
Q.   Quite a large injury them?
A.   Yes; but merely on the surface.
Q.   J  don't  know   that  you   have
gathered my meaning very, well.;-Did
you  see  on  the  bodies  any  powder
marks?'
A.   No. *   J
Q,   The injuries of this man about
A.   Not to my knowledge
The Coroner:. The discharged jury
examined them, of course.
Mr. Campbell: Yes, but.examination
by the doctor, I mean.
The Coroner: Some doctor hacKseea
them when .they were brought out of
the mine. Imean.
Mr. Campbell:   Did you see burning on any part of the bodies, doctor? '■'.,"
' A.   No'. ■■   ,, "'    •.;
,  The Coroner.   I would like to suggest, before going forward with any
, further evidence,, that all the witnesses, with the, exception of    the
experts and doctors, should leave the
room, and come In as they are call-
,  ed upon to give their evidence, With
the  exception of the experts and
.' the inspector, they will have to leave
the room;, we, cannot'allow, them ih
„the room whilst the 6thers are giving evidence. >-.."
Mr. Mackie:   I would like to ask,
..Doctor*., Ross, ..if  you  saw  powder
marks or evidence of burning    on
these last three bodies?
A.   No'..                                .: 7.
Mr. Campbell:   Dr. Ross', you say
that these three-men were taken out
oh Saturday night?
A.   Yes.             '-■- "-
Q.   Have you any Idea what time
that was,  doctor?
■ A.   It was between 11 and 12 o'clock
when we went down to  the  wash-
house.
Q. I suppose when these men were
brought out they were all covered with
coal dust?
A. They were wrapped up ln brattice cloth and brought to the* wash-
house. ,7
Q. Now, I' want.you to tell us, because It is going to be Important, were
there-many people round there at the
time? ....
A. Not many; riot eta i-*aiiy as there
had been during, the day.
Q.   You went to the the door of
the wash-house,. I suppose?
A.   I was in tho wash-house.
Q.   And  there were already lying
in the wash-house 27 bodies of dead
men? ;     '
A.   Yes. -     "     , ,.
Q.   And these three bodies, where
were they taken to?
- A.   Well,   there   were   only,  two
brought iri there.     I saw two first.
Q,   You first of.all saw two.bodies
brought in?
A. .Yes. _ -
Q. Do you know who brought 'them
in? '   ,        '"   V
,   A.   I do not.
Q.Then I suppose,when they came in
they were well wrapped up,in brattice
cloth?
A.   Yes    -    *  ' ;    , '■
Q Can you tell us the attitudes of
two men? . Were thej^just brought
out like dead men, or had they, been
straightened out? Did you ., notice
that? .    .
A.   Well,   the  two were  stretched
45 8tMm-Heated Rooms
Hot and Cold Bathi
The King Edward"
Fernie's  Leading  Commercial Hotel
The Finest Hotel In, East Kootenay
J. L.   GATE8, Prop.
**■- *
W
Imperial Bank of Canada
* HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO       -
Capital Authorised ....$10,000,000.00..Capital Subscribed .... 96,575,000
Capital  Paid Up   ... :\ .$5,575,000      Reserve Fund ......... .$5,575,000
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROiT JAFFRAY, Vjcb-Pres.
•RANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhoa^, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Mlchol, Moyie, Nelson,
' i Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT       ,
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH GEO. I; B. BELL, Manager
»
.   '"■.
J       :,1
' /
A.
Q.
A.
Q.
out.
Q.
That is the first two?
A.
Yes.
Q.
They  were  stretched
A GOOb CELLAR
. -*
is ours; stocked with the. best sellers. In'liquors. Buying good liquors
does not -Just happen by chance, but
it is by using experience and knowledge of what good.       ■ -   ,
WINES AND LIQUORS *
should be, and by going where they,
are sold. Our liquors are known
, for their purity and satisfying qualities. We sell only in case lots, but
you will want that much, they are
so everlasting good.
THE POLLOCK WINE COMPANY
Fernie, B.C. •
A.
0.
Iiu-t:
Yert.
An rspl-yxintlon or gas polfij'.t-
scalp
know
A.
Veil. 1 hardly,Ihiiii-: 11.
He viiK ftuffovlng, thon. from n
wound  and  shock,      Do    you
IiIk nnmo?
Ford, I think.    I would not bo
positive
Q, Did you attend to any olhor Injured Ihat night.
A. I bollovo I looked at n couplo
of fellows with slight nbruBioiiB, ono
with a slight abrasion In ono oyo, nnd
nnotlior follow who had a littlo
"Bcrnpo," Ho didn't rocolvo nny av
I out lon tlmt night.
Q.   Did yoti  sec any (lend  bodios
♦ lmt night, doctor?
A.     Yoh;  flvo of them.
Dond mon?
Yoh.
Did you oxnmlno thom?
Yoh,     ■
That would ho tlio vory night
I mippoHo?
A,   Yon,
Q.   Wlml llmo would Hint bo?
A,   About 11 o'clo.*]., 1 Hhouhl sny,
Q.   Yon hnvo honrd tho    doclor'H
ovidoneo.    Could you loll ua nnytliliiK
nlioiit  what you know iih Io tho np-
pfiiniiiccH of lh..ni* mon7
A, My opinion Ih llio nnmo an Don*
tor .MiilconiHoii'H. Willi tlio nx'-itp*
Hon of ono mini thoy all prosonloil
ovidoneo nf ciirhoi. mnnoxldn planning,
(j, Whero woro IIicho hodlon lnkun
lo thnt night?
Q.
A.
Q,
A,
Q.
A. Tn Ilie wiihIi-Iioiiho.
A. Closo to the ontninoo of
'■ , ' ■ ''''.*,c   ', - V- ".'-I1?
' Yen."
lho
A
■_■
men
Did you try nud iukuhckhio any
tlmt   night?    Wero   Ihero  any
more men tnlton out tlmt night?
A, Wcdl. y«B: llioro woro aomo mon
cnmo out; I ennnot nay how ninny. Wo
udmlnlHli-ied MtlmuInnlM (o them. Tlioy
-wum  fill   iilnn   Id  '.Mi.***..
(J. Wore thoy mifre»lng from gnB
r.r Khnck, or what?
A. Well, n Hllglil «nn poUonlng, 1
phonld Rny.
Q. Did you boo nny moro lioilfoft
i hat morning?
A.   Ych. !|
Q.   To niitkn It abort, y.**i h-iw all
tho  liodh-H  thnt  Doctor  MnlcnniHon
"■'ft,-', In Mint bo?
'' A.   Yen.
Q. And you any thnt your -rivldenro
.ist'f-*.-*- v.Uli liU an to all tlin boill----', Is
Mini correct?
A,   Yen.
the face", what would they be caused
by, doctor? ' ,     "
A.7 Various causes. ■ .-   .
Q. 7 Would it be a weight falling on
him?
A. It might be;" or through him
falling himself.
Q. From Doctor Malcomson's evidence there can be no doubt that the
man who had this wound had the same
bright cherry red face that the other
one, had?
A. Well, to some extent, although
it did not appear to me'with the man
who wns hurt on the head.
Q. I am not talking about the man
with the injured head, but the man
with the injured face.' •
A. Ho had the snme appearance, so
fnr as I can remember.
Q, So that ho • must, during life,
hnve hroaihed that carbon monoxide?
A. Yes: he npparnntly showed signs
of life when brought out of thc mine.
Q. So thnt these injurios wero tho
cause of donth?
A.   Oh.'l don't know,
* , Q,   You think the carbon monoxldo
was lho chief cnuso of (loath*7
A.   Yes;  tho chlof causo of death,
Q. Now, doctor, about the3o threo
men. Thoro woro 31,.and wo havo
only accounted for 30, Did you soo
(hose threo bodies taken out? Do you
know any other doctor that saw those
bodies?
A. No;- I loft at 4 o'clock In tho
afternoon,
Q,   Yon didn't rco thoso bodios at
nil?
. A.   No,
Q,   Not ovon brought out?
A.   No; I wasn't thoro at all.
Q. Now, thoro aro 31 men. you un-
(lorHtnnd, that havo hoon klllod, did
you hoo a body brought out of tho
mlno on lho following Monday?
A.   Monday?   No,
Q. Did you hnvo to roBUBcitalo any
of lho peoplo, dof-lnr?
A. ' Yos; on Friday night.
Q, Thoy woro thon Biifforlng from
Hhock, I undorslnnd?
A. ; Yob; nnd gns,
Q. „Any hoi'Iouh cases?
A. No; nolhing bovIouh, oxcopt ono
Unit wo worla-d on, nnd ho died.
Q, (Mr, Mncklo) Any powdor
murks?
A,   No.
Q. (.Mr, Mncklo.) Any IndlcatloiiH
of biirtm?
A,   No,
QoHllnnod by Mr, Wood;
Q. I iindoi'Hlriiitl yon to imy, doctor,
Unit from tho npponrnnco of Uio hocoiuI mnn, tho mnn willi tho frncturod
thigh, Hint Homolhlng hnd Hilton on
hlm?
A,   Not noroHHiirlly,
(.),   Would lt bo likely?
A. I'nHHllily. Thoy woro compound
fi'iirlm-oH.
.Mr, Cnniphcll; A compound fiuo*
turn nioiiim whore lho bono ponotrntoH
thn Hkjn  <1iich  It  not?
A      Vn«
Dr.-KnHH, rc-cnlloil:
*iu..ni.iun*.'*. ti, All. Cm.illicit;
Q, Dr. IIomh, I think wo did not
njilto lindorHtniid onch olhor about tho
hiHl of the boil ioh,   Did you hoo lliom?
A,   Yoh;    when thoy wero brought
down lo tho wnHli-hniiHO.
,   .,., ,.    ,,       .   1.     , i-...
oui, nftor tho 27'.'
A.   Yea.
Q.   Did you hco thom Htrlppod?
A. No; I Htood in tho door of tho
wnBh-liotiBo, whom thoy woro bolng
whbIioiI, and fmw thom nt a dlHtnnco;
1 BtippoHO It wny Id ho 12 or Ifi foot
away.
Q.   Did you boo iho symptoms?
A. 1 didn't see the tivrnptomH. Tho
bodies wore covered with Ofml dilHt.
Q. Thoy were covered with cnnl
dust. Hn that these men were sim*
i ply burled, 1 Huppnae; ihero wiib no
Urx'nmlnatlon mnde h>* any one?
out and
wrapped up like ■ corpses. . Did oyu
see the brattice cloth' taken off?
A.   Noi ' ;
Q.   Did you see tliem afterwards?
"A.   Yes. "   '■    .7
Q. How far would you be away from
them?-
A, I cannot tell you; the length
of this table anyway.
Q.   Did you- have a clear view?
A.* The. men were washing them.
Q~Di"d~yM"_ee^itKm^ofniiese~ffren'
after their faces were washed. I am*
talking.now.of the first two?
A.    No; 'I did not.  . . '
Q. Would.you "have been able to
tell if there'* had been a burn on the
face of either bf them before the dirt
was taken off?
A, You, riiean, would I have- been
able to tell if I had .examined them
closely, not from the distance? No;
I could not. -.   ,    -       " ,,
Q, Now the third man, ho was
brought out* afterwards, was he?  *
A.   Yes.    *■' „
Q.   The   same night?
A,   Yes.
Q. And you were still In the wash-
house?
A,   Yos.
Q,   And ho was wrapped ln the brattice cloth too? "
, A,   Yes.     I saw him lying on the
stretcher.   *
Q, You never saw his face at all?
A,   No,
Q. ITo might lmvo boon injured any
way then, for nil you know?
A,   Yes;
.Q, And you know of no Doctor
who snw these throe men?
A.   I don't .
Mr. Wood: Did you seen any. signs
of thoso mon having beon examined
as to tlio contents of their pockets?
A.   No.
Q. You could not any what tho contents of their pockets might bo?
A.   No'.
Tho Coronor:   I may say    that
Constablo Muirhead wiib prosont, and
ho known nil nbout tho contents of
tho pockets,     If you wish "him to
bo callod ho could toll you all about
that.
Mr. Cnmpboll; You know nothing,
doctor, about tho mnn who camo out
on Mondny? •
A,   No.
A Jurymen!      Why woro thoso
mon wmppod up lu brntticp cloth
whon thoy woro brought out?
A,   I (-nnnol, toll you thnt.
Mr. Cnmpboll: Did you roo 'tho
othor mon, tho 27. mon thnt woro
brought out beforo thoy woro washed,
A.   Yoh.
Q. Whom nny of thom brought,
down In hrattlco ololh?
A. T don't romombor Hoolng thom,
T think hoiiio of thom had hrattlco
cloth thrown ovor thom,
.1 nm oh All.sop Hworn.
QiioHtlnnod by Mr, Cnmpboll:
Q.   You nro a minor?
A.     Yen.
Q,   Kinploynil in tho Ilollovuo Mlno?
■\    I   hnve  bO'.'ii   oinployod   thoro,
hut I mu not now.
Q. You nro ono of tho mon who
cnmo over to help nt llio dny of the
nccldont?
A.   Yob.
Q. And I unilovHlnnd from Mr. Mncklo Hint, you witflliml lho hodlOR of
throo mon who woro brought, out of
lhe mlno on Hritnrdiiv nlchl? '
A.   Yoh.
li.     h\l   J...'    kliOW    \\}i0   UiChO   Ufll
woro?
A   I do not. know,
Q. Ami about, whnt tlmo wan u
whon thoy woro brought to you?
A., It would ho 11 or 12 o'clock. I
._•;.■■'.'  !;:./.'.' , - Jvily,
Q. Dr. Uohb Bald thnt thoro woro
two brought out flrBt, and ono nftor-
wnrdB,     *•>
A.   Yob.
Q.   Thoy wero tnkon to tho wnsh-
llOUBO?
A.   Yon.
Q. Now, then flrnt two, did you
wnnli thom clonn; did you tnko their
clot lion off iind wnsh them?
A. I wimhed two oui of tho throo,
tho flrBt two. !i -i
Q. Now did you seo nny mnrks on
thorn?
A.     There were marks on their
NORTHERN
HOTEL
o
Wm. Eschwig, Proprietor.
New arid up-to-date
D ' • \
Handsome   Cafe Attached"
OPEN DAY* and NIGHT
hands and faces.   =. -  ■
. Qf The. doctors have also given'
evidence, that these men died of carbon monoxide poisoning, that is, the
27 men."1 Did .theso three men, outside of the 27 men, did they resemble
the 27- already dead, outside of those
marked?
A.' Well, I cannot say that. ,
Q. You will understand that, * I
mean outside of lho marks you saw
on their hands and facos. Did tho
coloring and general appearance re-
seniblo, ns if they had come to their
deaths from lho same cause as the
othors. -
A,, I cannot say, because I did not
exnmlno thom.
Q. What, wero the marks that you
saw on their hands and faces? What
did thoy appear to bo?
A. Tho "skin was ruffled up, and
ihe flosh on tho hacks of their hands
on both of thom; nnd thoro were
mnrkH on thoir facos, Whothor It
wan tho gns nr tho coal T cannot, say,
I did not oxnn.lno th-f-m that much. ■
(}, Did you see any fii;ns o.° burn*
inv on nny of thom? .    ,
A. I am not oxpcrloncol enotifih
to sa> whether i. wn.i a bum or
v Lot her It wns the' ?ortl that ruffled
up their flosh.
Q. You sny this appliod to both of
thom?
A. Yos, wo wnshod throo of'thom,
nnd thoro woro two tlmt had thoir
hands and faces marked,
Q. And thoso ovo tho first two that
woro brought In?
A.   Yes.
Q. You do not know who brought
them In, I supposo?
A.   No.
Q. About tho third man that wafl
brought in-- Bui who holped you lo
wtiHh thorn, do you know who ho wns?
A. No; ho was a porfoot Btrangor
horo, I bollovo ho hns gono away,
Ho hnd not boon long out of lilnglund,
Q, Do you know anything nbout
the third mnn thnt you wnshod? Woro
thoro ony mnrks on lilm?
A, I ennnot Bay; those woro,tho
only two thnt I know nnythlng nbout.
Q, Out of tho throo thnt wevo washed thnt rtlKlit?
A.   Yoh; tlmt'H nil I know.
Q, Might Uioho hnvo boon biirna?
Of courso, you nro not oxporloncod,
hut you lmvo soon n burn. Could n
burn lmvo mndo n mark llko that, tlo
you think?
A. Wnll, tt In not for mo to Bay,
I mn not, propnrod to Bny whothor thoy
wore buriiH or not, nlr.
Q. Well, toll tho Jury JiiHt ob plainly n« you nun. without any Inlorfor-
enne from mo, whnt tlioy looked llko.
A. Oi;'. D:i b'.'.iV.'.: of 11:_h* hands
Um nkln nnd fltiflh wnn nnflod up,
llko thnt, ench way; nnd thoir fncoH
nnd all woro ruffled up In plncos, Doth
hnndB wero very hnd.
Q.   (Hy tho T-'ommnn):   Just iho
nnmo nn if small plooos of conl hnd
got undor their Bkln?
A,   *i(i»', wlitm we wcml lo wnsh
(Continued on pngo 3)
How'g This?
Wt otltt Ono Hundivd ncllsrn Upward Inr unr
mm ol otUrrb in»t C'lnno. bu cured by lUII-ii
uurrh Curs, ,
V. J. C!ll.<.r.Y A CO,, Toll-do, 0.
W*, ih* wl.i--.ln->.'], Iuv« linowit V, j, ciicn.y
lor tltf lul It ytatt, ami bolltv* hlm ix-rtrttly linn,
ertbii) In til bullae*, trunw.tliioi mid flnancUllr
nblo la urry oui any iilillnailnni iimilo by liln firm.
National Iumc or <*ii«Mr,**'n,
'ruled-., Ohio,
lUtl'l CaUrih Cure li m.n Inli-rmlly, »ctln»
directly upon tlin blmvt and miicou. wirrarra nl tho
tl'Mt-m.   IrnUmiinlali ami Irw,
Bold by all l)ni_r«l<l*.
Tain Hall'i Family run tut mnatlpatlon.
bol I If,
I-rir-e It wm .*r
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
NO TROUBLE
is had in India and Africa in
utilizing Mr. Elephant as a burden bearer. • * ' _.
WE DELIVER LUMBER FROM
HIS YARD
to wherever you want It. You
needn't carry it away by piecemeal, but just ask us and we deliver it as you want It.
heavy timber, sawed^
Lumber
All sizes at this yard.,
<v
■»#.
* '4'
We'have just cleared our'summer stock out. and'now we are
ready to.fit you up for the winter-from head to foot. If you are
looking for the future and intend to save your money purchase
your goods from us. We have just bought the stock of Mr."James
Haddad and now weare carrying a very large stock of* ladies' and
_'eents' furnishings. Trunks and__yal_s___s,7in_f_ac£ everything for
.men/ women 'and children.'.   . "'  ' -      -■ '.        ."'■■'
Our $1.25 Sweater Coats have no equal.   Oiir $1.75 Pen Angle
■ Undersuits have them all*beaten. /:•   ' 1-
'. Our Suits are just the kind you need for style,and durability.
We carry-a large assortment of Boots, and Shoes, the-best selection that money and brains can buy. -
.-**■'                                                     ' -"'
KEFOURY  BROS:
\
i
.■-!
1
Noxt to Wigwam Candy Storo
''  . Noxt to Northern Hoto
1
I
.,.' ' f
' i
Fernie Opera House
.  _ _
Moving
Pictures
and
Vaudeville
t
Every
Night
i\, Pizzocolo, Mgr.
st ■ _
Queen's Hotel
Barber  Shop,
First class work guaranteed.
Drop in and convince-yourself.
Razor Honing a Specialty.
Q.   RADLAND.   Proprietor.
(Late Palace Barber Shop)
*- ,<!
_
H
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
Contractors
& Builders
Opon for nil kinilM of lmnliin'-.t*
: in thoir lino
Add rots Box 07        Pernio
Central
Ledger Ads Pay
Workingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
a
Ross & Mackay _»
KING'S HOTEL
n-ir wtippHr.fl u-llli  lltr*  Imst Wtneii,
Llijuoi-i. nnd Clgaro
DINING  WOOM  IN CONNECTION
tt.
W. MILLS,
Prop, THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C JANUARY 21, IOH."
PAGE THREE  //)
IM
**,*;..
The Bellevue Enquiry
(Continued from page 2):
• it the skin and the flesh ruffled up.
Q. Did you, see the other. 26
bodies.-.or^T bodies, that lay there?
' , A. • Yes. :..'*** .,
.,    \ 'Q.   And- you helped to, wash' the
next, three that came out?
■ . A.-* Yes.   .'.,  :-   , '.'•■-'
■ : ■ •   Q.   Now, two of those had these
abrasions on their hands and faces?
*,    A.' .Yes. ' „ _,       , ..
Q. And you. saw the. other 26
bodies did you? ■   •   .
• tA.' Yes.'.;;      -■•:'"  7..•'-  .
Q. Now/when these three men
were washed, did they, resemble in any
-/way, in,the coloring and the looks,
like the other ,26 bodies.- We:have
had evidence given us,,that the* other
26'or 27 bodies practically looked*like
lay figures-"lii a waxwork,show,,with
bright'coloring!,and 'still-features; and
so\on. ! Now.s-did these three bodies
look like that? *** "-  • ' *    .
A.   I cannot say.     They were too
marked in the face.
,..    Q.   But there was one'that was not
, marked? '■:.*■ °
A.   Well, he looked something like
'. the others.  ■'■,-. *„
Q., Did.you notice,*whether ■ there
'was any burning of the eyebrows or
hair'
A.   Yes; I notlt.ed that
Q. ,.Was  there  any burning?
',"   A.   No; their eyebrows were on and
their hair too, and 'their moustaches,
too because I wiped 'em out.    .
Q.   There  was  no  Indication     on
their moustaches at all, of burning or
singeing?
A.- No; I didn't seo it.
Q.   Or on tho hair?
Q.    (By a juryman): Did you say
that the skin dropped off when you
''■   washed them, and -that It dropped
to one side of the face, too?
A.   Yes.    ■ -    ,   . ■     •
By Mr. Mackie. Was it puffed up
or-was It simply as if it had beeu
burned?
A.   I didn't see any blisters on it.
Q.   Was this more on one side of
the faco than on, the other, or was   it
on both sides of the face equally?
A.   I cannot say that.   No.
* Questioned by Mr. Mackie:'
■ Q.   To what extent on the hands
did the ,skln roll off.     Show me or|
'   yourself? .    ...
A.   It seemed to turn over when we
wero washing it; but it didn't come
,   right off.
Q. • Were there any cuts in it?
A.   It looked to me as if it rubbed
off.
' Q.   The same as it'would be dragg-
' ing it over a piece of stone?
'  A.   No. ■    -'-..-       * '     .
-: Q.   Was there any appearance- of
" blood about the hand? ,   .
. A.   No. '    ' "
7     Q.   And the injury to the face; did
it appear to' you that there had been
much oozing* of blood?
- A.   No.
o " Q.   How did the skin come off the
face?  .    ■ -
, .- -A.   Just as .we were washing it it
went" to one side. ._.
<   Q.   Did it come clean-off?  ,- 7.
*■ A.-No; it stopped on their," hands.
*   I'clidn't see any come off any way.   *
Q.   It was puffed up?..
/A.- No -    -       -  -        . -7 .      ".     .
=s    i=H=Q=!==No=blisters?".   "■        —'' ^\,- ■*-■ ,     -r
A.    No.    ■■   . '.*..*    7   '*
" Q.   No water?      * .   *        *      _
' A.   No. .,'*-* -x
,-. Q.   Neither on the hands nor thc
, face? ,
-A.   No/slr. '     '     *
Questioned by Mr.-Woods: ■        .  *,
. Q.   Did  you  find  anything in the
pockets of theso men? "
• A. . Yes, sir. /...-■■
" Q_- -What was it?
' A*.   In the pockets of these two or
three men I found matches, pipe, knife
and ..tobacco.
Q. Now,- did you find the: pipe and
tobacco, on ono main, .the knife on one
man, and the matches on the -other,-
or did you find them all on all three?.;
A. We- found knife, tobacco ana
matches on one man. 1 - *•
A.  ,And what on the other man-?„
.A.   Matches on the other; no pipe
or tobacco.     - , -'..*...,"..'
' Q. And you found the knife;.. on
which man?-' "     -    .
A. On* the second man. that .came
out. I mean on the man'that got his
hands burned the worst. - .
- ,Q. Does it, come, practically to this,
that while you are" not absolutely certain that these "men's hands were burned from the appearance of' them, as
you saw them, you certainly thought
they were. . Is that not a fair way
to put it?,'"' .' _.   - ; "
A. I really don't know whether they
were or not. I am not', experienced
in it. ,, I won't say one way-or the
other.  .
Q. The face of one of, the. men was
scorched on one side so that the skin
came off, or so that the skin' came off
on one side of the face of one of the
men. The skin ruffled up on' the face
of one of the men.
A.   No, on two of the men.
Q. And was it ruffled up on the
faces of both men only on one side,
or ori both- sides?
A.   I didn't notice that part;   I
cannot, say.'    , ,
Q. The faces of both men were
damaged to somo extent?
A.,  Yes. '    ;
■ Q.' So that the skin came~off when
you went to wash them?
A. Tho skin ruffled off.
■ Q. You.. said to my learned friend
tliat the skin rubbed off the face on
one side. . I want to know whether
you are quite sure of that,,or whether
it was on -both ^Ides of the face, nr
only on one side.
A. * I know they were disfigured in
the face, that is' all.
, Q. Then you are not -quite sure
whether It was- on one side, or on
both?   y    "■     .,'".,
A.   Certainly riot.
Q. I suppose it is a fact' that you
mentioned to two persons that these
men were burned?'You stated thai to
people, that they were burned? -\I
suppose that.-'is what you thought?
' A. I haven't told anyone that they
were-burned; I don't-know.
Q. And you didn't "say tliat to anyone at all? -.
.A.   No; because I didn't, know.
not seem to remember anything. What
did you say to Mr. Powell?
.A.    (None).
Q. When you went to. tell him
about the ma.ches. - Why did „. you
tell him about the matches?
A.   I took them to him.
Q.   I }_now; but-why?     If you had
conversation in'your-presence about
these matches?
A -.They asked me which men I
found them in, and they went to look,'
and then they went back in the office
and bid me good morning, and I went
out
Q-. And. they, didn't say if these'njat
found-a button in* his pocket,  xyou ches had possibly, anything to do with
would not have taken that.    Why did
"you take the matches to him?
A. Because I thought I'should do
so. "'-,,. .*'
' Q. But why? '*. Because these men
should, not have them "in their pockets, was that the reason?       '-
A. Well, he was" my master, and he
was the proper man'.'...'
Q But why? If you had! found a
button' ora piece of candy, you would
not have gone to tell? ,, * '., '
'* A. Because I knew it was • against
the rules-. .*'.."
'Q. You knew it',was against, the
rules, that it. was dangerous to have
them, in the mines' Now,- when you
went to him, did you.say these'merij
were marked in the face? What did
you say to Powell when you took him
these matches, and the pipe and tobacco?'* ,-     .-;-.,.     --  >,'-
A I told him I had found them in
onp of the men's pockets' He asked
me which it was and he went with me
to see,        .  .      ,    "
Q " And you say you told him something about their faces. --What did you
tell him about the face, right there
when you first saw him? What did
you tell him about these men's faces?
Try and remember.      '        *  *   ■
A.' I told him they were marked
about the face. .,   .   ' .   '•'■-.
Q.   Do,you call Powell Jack?
A.   I call him "Mr. Powell."
. Q.   Did   you   say,  "Mr.   Powell,  1
found two men' there with" matches,
pipe, and tobacco In their pockets, and
their faces are marked."
A. Yes; 'I bolievo tbat is what I
said. .   ,
Q. Well, that would only have one
interpretation, would it not, pf    the
the trouble?
A . They said nothing to me about
them.       * -.     •       '
Q.   Not to you, but before you?'
* A.   They said nothing to me about
it-
, Q. Not to you,.but before you.* Try
and think a little bit a_ain, as to these
men's faces, vyitti the flesh ruffled up.
Now which side? Try and think
again whether this was on both hands
or on one hand, say of the first man.-
Take the first man, which of his hands
had these marks on?
A. Both hands were marked that
I saw..,    '    .
Q.    (By the Foreman)    This man
'  has made t'wo statements.   In thie
first place he  says  the skin was
rubbed off, and in the second place
he says it washed off.-    Are you a
practical man, Mr. Allsop?
A.   Yes.       '    *     -
Q.   Well, 'you   know   absolutely
whether it was burned or not.   How
long have you worked-in the mine?
A.   How long In the mine? .*. Thirty years.   ' --.        ' -
Q.   Well, you must know   when
- ' you see anything like that  whether
it is a burn or not. ' Your experience will tell you.
.*   A.   (None.)
Q You see, you have'three times,
before this jury sworn theso men's
hands were burned Now, you have
worked in the mine for 30 years, and
I ask you.now,,to tell us whether or
not they were burned?
A   There was a man   who • stood
around who said they was, but I don't
know whether they fwas or not, for
certain
Q.   Tliere were men'   who    stood
men's action, that Is,' that there was a around that - said  they were , burned,
connection between tho marks on their
faces'' and the tobacco and matches.
Was that wliat you thought at the
time? What did you think when you
went to Powell?
A. I, told you what I thought. I
have told you the, men's faces and
hands we're marked. That is all. I
know about the matter.
Q. That, is what you said.' I now
ask you what you thought.' ■ \Vilfyou
tell the jury what you thought when
you went to Powell?
A.- I naturally supposes, .being a
miner, that tliey ought not to have had
matches and tobacco in their pockets,
and I thought it was my place,,to report the matter to my master.
Q. Will you tell us what you were
thinking, in yqur mind, when you said
—these  men have got marclies  and
Q.    (A juryman)    Do you know, pipe in their pockets, and their faces
whether these two men were work-''are marked? Was there any connection
_ ing in- the mine together,  at  the
,' same place?
A." I don't know.        *■"    •   '
Re-examined by Mr. Campbell:'
■   Q. 7 What did you do with the pipe
arid matches and tobacco?
A. ■ I took tliem to the super, Jack
Powell: ' , ■   ■ - :      <.7'  '
- Q.   Did you say anything to. him
about.ttie marks ori the men? ,
*A..   I told, him I found the matches
in-the -pockets.* *. - *" • - - ;   ,
7q:   Did you .say 'anything to* him
about the marks on* the men? . -
A. He. went with me to Identify the
We"n^wh"os"e~poc_rets""I~ had^taken^tne"
matches-out-of, and saw for himself-
too. 7'.
Q. Did you* say "anything to him
about them being marked?    ' » -
A.   Yes.   -. '    "     *
Q.   What did you say to him?
A. * I said the hands- and face were
marked, ' .   '  -
Q. , Now I am going to ask you to'
try arid think on this thing,    You do
in your mind, between' the marks and
..the' matches? *
A.   I dpn.tknow.-_ ' -
' Q. I-know you don't know. ' I am
asking .you'what you thought* On
your oath, did you think there was any
connection between the* matches in
their pockets and the marks on then-
faces? , - ''!;  '   ""
A.   I didn't think anything,'of the
Sort.        . - .,- .    --• - ■ x
.Q.   Oh,  all right' then.--  -Did  you
have any conversation with Mr. Green
about it? .... ■
■ A. - With Mr: Green?
TQ7""Yes~naia~you~fiave—arfythirig-to'
say to Mr. Green?"      "77        _   ..
A. -Yes: he was with,Powell when
I took the matches. .
Q   What did you do with the matches?    Did you make any remark?
"'AM left them in the office'with
them
Q   Did they say anything to you?
Were any.remarks made at all—any
but you have' stood around this jury
on your oath," and I asked you- about
the* first man and you said both his
hands were burned?
A.   I don't know.    -
Q, Do you think it was, probable
that they were burned, or riot
A I don't know;*, probably they
were
■ Q Now, on your oath you say they
were burned, and now you say that
probably they were burned Which
hand was burned the most?     -•      ff,
• A;   They were both marked.
Q.   How. about this man's face?
A.   His face was marked"
<■' Q.   Which  side?
* A.   I cannot say which side.
-   Q.   Try and think as hard as you
can. . ' '
A. I didn't take that particular,, notice, whether they were marked one
side* more than another.
■ Q. .What did you think about the
second man?- What about the second
man who had inarks on him? How
soon after the first was he brought
in? ' . .      *     .     -
A. .They were brought in at the
same time..
, Q. 7 What about, the marks or burnings "on him?
A. He was marked on both' hands"
and .face. -   ■
■ Q.   The same.as'the other one? .
: Q.'  Something similar. ' *
Q.  .To* Which? ,
A. Well, there wasn't ' a deal of
■difference*
Inlfl, fi=t -tli-f\=*m ______
Questioned by Mr. Mackie
;- Q. I would like to take up the ex-'
ainination of this man in connection
witn the matches. - Yo _ handed these
to Mr Powell?'*
■ A.. Yes.    ;    ~
Q. x Would you be able to tell them
If -you saw them again, the matches
and things that" you- found, Would
you be able to tell them as being the
same things that you handed to Mr.
Powell, if tliey were brought here?
A. I believo I could.
J|r. Mackie: Then I give notice to
the Company's-officials to bring them
here to have them identified. . , ...
Mr. Wood: Of course, the company's officials will do whatever the
jury and the coroner wish.' But there
is no practice in the world that entitles my learned friend,* who is only
here, as I am, by the courtesy of, the
coroner, to give us notice to produce
anything. If the coroner wants us,
at any time to produce anything...we
will do so, and I would suggest that
my learned friend should ask the
coroner to request the production of
these things.
Mr. Mackie: I wish to inform my
learned friend, with the same amount
of sarcasm that he hands out to mo,
that I am not here by the courtesy of
his worship, or.by the courtesy of the
jurors. He was the man that prepared this act, and he ought to know.
If he will turn to .the Coal Mining Ace,
page' 19, he will,see that 'we are entitled to appear here, and to call witnesses and to examine thein."-' We
are not' here .by his courtesy nor by
the courtesy of anyone; and in the
future he will kindly reserve his remarks until he can make them to me
at a place where I can retaliate.
* The Coroner: ' What did you give
to - Mr.' Powell along with the matches
at the time?- ,    ,   > *
A. - matches, tobacco and pipe.'
The Coroner:   I see no' objection to
bringing the .other things, but as to
matches—       o »
The Foreman: I think it would be
better if we had these things. There
Is a question.I would like to ask this
witness. His statements have been
very complicated, and very unsatisfactory to the members of the jury, and
I 'would like to ask him ■ if thero is
anything in the nature of his employment that makes him afraid to speak
the truth. ' * ,
A, I knew nothing about coming
hero as a witness*;until a minute or
two since.        '
The Foreman:   You do not fear thsrt
if you speak the truth you would lose
your employment..
A.   No. ■   *■
Re-examined by Mr.- Campbell:
Mr. Campbell: I would like to ask
if he has had any conversation with
any people about, this evidence.', I
think it is a matter of vital import-''
ance. Have you ever spoken. . Have
you ever spoken to any member or
any body, or any member of the mine,
with regard to this? Do you want
the jury, to believe this is from your
own heart?
A. The officials of the- mine have
never spokem to me since.
Q. - Has anybody else? About that
pipe,"and those matches "and that tobacco. While talking about this
thing, have you ever talked with anyone about this disaster? ''
A.   Have I. "       ■    ,
Q.   Yes. -
■   A.   Well, of course, I have.
Q. Well, tell us what you havo talked about. Has anybody told you .what
you should0 say or should not say?
A.- I-didn't know that I was*, coming as a witness until a minute, or
two ago. *   * , „ '    ' .
Q. Tell -us what you have, talked
about to anybody, about these matches
and the tobacco       -      1      ■
A I don't know that ° I have had
any., more conversation than -1 have,
.told,you when'they were found in their
■nnnl/g^r.,     .     ' **    ,
Q.   Tell us what conversation you
1
0
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
Do You Want
A Home?!
_.
Three 20-acre Tracts,, of
which four acres on each
are improved/ on, Lake
Front arid located where
tliere is good, settlement.
Price per hloek $1500 and
at terms to suit purchasers.
This is a chance for anyone
intending to make a home
for himself at once.     .   {l ■ '
CRESTON
I
0
50 blocks" well watered, excellent soil, free; from rock
and easily cleared—.-Three
miles from station. "
Joe Grafton
! P.O. Box 48
•*_*-,*■
j Fernie       -       B. C.
,1*?
have had. Mention some n^mes. so
that we can'find the people."
A."   The men may have gone away.
Q. Tell us their names then, and we
will bring them back ■  .-
A   I talked to • Bancroft, I believe,
'* Q.   What did you say to Mr. Bancroft ,   ■*■'
'       (Continued on page 6), ■
I
N ADVERTISING--
-and 'good   business
stationery is* advertising--
it's not'so much the taste
of the man producing the
* mattery as*-the consideration of what will appeal-
■"to the people he-desires*
to reach: ■--Still, y.ou.your-' ■
T-^f^m^find^ke-en^p-er^*
■ -sonalsatisfaction musing.-/-
• good paper and- printing;
May we show you samples 7
The District Ledger
Best
' ' rx '
Is the  Earth  Itself
on   Earth
a.*
Homeseekers
, • ' . ' I*-
Aro you a liomcseekor, or arc you
seeking w safe and profitabl-j investment in tho district of thc futuro, with
spring tho wholo year round, soil of in-
exhaustible fortuity, crops growing
overy month in tho yoar, and transportation at .your vory door to tako your
products to all markets; whoro thoro is
a fino ocean harbor, and whoro grows
everything oatablo necessary for tho
country?
THE HEALTHIEST LOCATION    .
IN THE COUNTRY
Wlioro you will get well, on0 tho
climate.
"Where medicino is unnecessary,
Whero thoro is plonty of rainfall and
heavy (lows.
"Whoro tho cool air from nearby
mountains causes rainfall overy month
iu thc year.
Whore you aro at the Const,
Whero you do not need to irrigate.
Whoro you nro near tho deep water
ports,
Wlioro tho constant soa brezos mnko
lifo worth Jiving.
Si
"»-l*'t    ,    'I      ,  1-   I**.
(I '.til*  It, l.kiLrl)   A* Cl.*l.>,J.
Where ihero nro nn wir-lpr.-,, py el on on,
hlizzards or ■tornndocs. ''
Whore tho flowers bloom every month
in tho year.
Whoro you pan wonr tho samo kind
uf -Ckui.i.v.o ■C'OluiA.ilillJi^      tUt     luvi     JjCiU
round.
Whoro you fnrm
year.
Whoro yon savo
mnko Eastward.
Wlioro tho tide of
ly going, nnd land
rising.
Whoro tho land
equal to any pnrt
Where sunstroke
ovory month in tho
moro than you can
imigration is rapid-
values aro rapidly
will yield anything
of tho country,
is never known.
SMALL INVESTORS OPPORTUNITY
Mnrkot unlimited; soil most fertile;
climnto idcnl; middleman eliminated;
produce from, cultivator to omtomor
without intermediary. The proximity
to thc principal coast citic3lrof the pro
vinco fiirnit-ilies tlio befit possible markets. Transportatlon facilities unexcelled.
Apply to Ownor
A.  CROWSTON
Branch Office, Roma Block, Fornie, B. O.
Hoadquartors, 1537 Third Avo. W.
VANCOUVER, B.C,
LOCATION; in lho midst of mining,
lumbering and other largo indnstricH,
whioh afford lnrgo remunerative employment to, the owners of small farms
in tlio c-iirly Mir.go* of tlieir d«.VL*h»p-
mont.
TERMS: iu per cent rush; balance
on tcniiH lo suit tho pilrchruipr. J-JO
INTKKKST (KN* UNPAID HALAXCK.
Homeseekers
Where you do notwork six months of
oach year to keep from freezing and
starving the other six months.
Whoro vegetation is so strong nnd so
rapid ns to astonish any Easterner.
Whoro five or ten acres put in fruit
or vegetables, or poultry, will make a
fortuno.      "
Whero water is soft, pure, and plentiful.
Where rattlesnakes aro unknown.
Where you can live in tt summer houso
surrounded by flowers, fruits and forns.
Whero thore are practically no taxes.
Whero it is so healthy that peoplo
rarely die except from old ngo.
Where lung trouble, catarrh, hny
fovor, asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism
and all the ill*-* of vurialile elimntes nre
prarti'-nlly unknown,
Where, yotswill live ten years lunger.
Where y.m work l«*«s and **1it«iti
ni ore than in any nllicr place on earth.
When* your hind yields eiioi'inuut.ly,
and freight rates aro not noeeswiry,
Where there is the best fishing and
hunt in*,'.
Where all the industries nre nearby.
\\*\t ft-*.******-**    i»i*.-.« *    c.ivi-n pf ■■_■» ti 11 If***   «i _ n   11 ■• 111 r_
*** « * * -
dorn-imt.
Kveryone buying one of ihono farms
or lots prepares for the future nnd old
nge.
Labor is thc foundation of wealth,
Iiui ■uMthnn! .1*-*- *-.r*nei*_»i?i. iitv. *.to»| von
will toil on to tiie end. I to not inks
the opportunity. The only difference
between rich and poor is one of in-
'vestment.
A farm in the eountry, and at lho
door *»f the eity.
To be sold in miihU parerU of front o
to 10 acres at terms to suit the pur-
ehnser.
Prneiieally all the water iront is a
elam b.*.l nx low tide.
HI
___
an ZZZ&Z3.-&A2GXZZZ
•- ^--™w-v»^i5-«^H',^^-j.a\^Ka.-5-,' -
. ''S^^rX**-1*  -, •■'•'   •'•**;■
StBjS|*lfiWSl5i5
ij*4»assfc«<ssfe^^^_l
PAGE FOUR
THE DISTRICT LEDGER. FERNIE,   B. CmJANUARY 21, 1911.
* ■)
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C. - Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District. A&
vertising* rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
- ,,  •      y ,, *■©. --iBsf"'-." /-     *. ,.
Telephone No. 48.
J. W. BENNETT-,, Editor.
Postoffice Box No. 3S0
MUNICIPAL ACCOUNTING
TN our last week's issue -.ve made brief allusion
•*• to the question of writing off annually a certain percentage of depreciation on the municipally
owned utilities. The contention is made by those
wlio consider this'an improper method of treatment
that tlie interest on debentures' should act as an
off-set, because, in a measure- the term of years for
which the debentures are to run is equal (general
average) to tlie'life of the machinery and plant,
upon wliich we assert percentage*of depreciation
should be written off. "
We object to this argument because Ave fail to see
tlie parity. '
The argument is advanced against tlie "depreciation" method on the grounds that those, who might
in later years derive the benefit therefrom, liave
not been-factors in the payment of .the interest.   .
This difference of opinion has been the bone of
' contention for years between directorates and valuation boards. *,
A superficial analysis readily discloses the reasons therefor. ,    ■ .    '
Each party to the contention views the subject
from widely divergent angles. The board of directors (City Council) desirous o'f making the best possible showing while in control, advocate whatever
method, admitting of a debatable explanation, that
may-'subserve their purpose.. The valuators (the
., ratepayers), on the other hand;, are anxious to ascertain the value'of the property as an asset"in
the open market. This is cited as a generalization
which, although, subject to ..slight ^modifications, is
are'worn "but.-' "For these reasons a high rate of depreciation must be provided for in the accounts
It is of- interest to note that of the British municipal corporations, which liave been among the first
to.appreciate tiie importance of adequate provision,
for depreciation,.Glasgow provides*, on machinery;
seven and one-half per cent.; accumulators, ten per'
cent; mains, two and one-half per cent; metres six
pijr cent; instruments five per cent.'-'   ' . -
... Same wo'ork, page 192: '•  ' ,
.'Machinery depreciates by wear and tear, ancl
by becoming obsolete. ' In addition to charging all
repairs, and (partial) renewals to revenue, from
seven and one-half per cent should be written off
annually from.reducing balances.,; Boilers..wliich
depreciate more rapidly., should be reduced from
ten.,tb fifteen per cent per annum.-s'   ; ■- .'
.Pago 1G0: The term-."depreciation being taken
to represent tlie amount.by-which the value.of an
asset has become reduced by effluxion of. time or
wear. It is important to remember that it _s not
really practicable so to maintain efficiency of assets
that no depreciation shall ever occur."
From "The Detroit Book-keepers' Balance.System," page -12 ." 0        •     ■ x <■
"There are two methods of writing off depreciation which; appeal to us as'eminently fair and proper, and both are based on the assessment of the
probable impairment, or reduction of value, in a
given period. Having assessed this amount, the.-
first method is to charge off a fixed proportion to
each year less interest on the gradually diminishing
principal, By this method the depreciation charges
aro graduated from lesser amounts when the'pro"
perty is new and valuable to larger amounts when
the property is becoming old and needs replacement.
The second method is to ascertain what sum.is required to pay the estimated amount of depreciation in a given period, by equal annual installments
of principal and interest, the amount being set aside
as a sinking fund bearing interest, at the current
rate per cent. The nel effect'in both cases is, of
course, the same, although in one case depreciation
bears the whole charge direct- while* in the other
interest bears a portion." .
Beach and Thorne'in their "Science of Auditing"
"The usual rale of depreciation on ordinary plant
and machinery used in manufacturing business is
from 7 1-2 to 12 1-2' per annum. The customary
depreciation on boilers is from-10 per cent, to 15
per cent per annum as they wear out rapidly. Dic-
ksce >i:scus&ing depreciation on buildings states that
as the nature of the materials of construction vary,
necessarily the amount to charge off to depreciation
is proportionately effected."     ,. ( . .
To sum up—From the above excerpts of authorities, recognized'.as such in .Great Britain and the
continent of America, the theory that interest on debentures bears any relation to depreciation is manifestly fallacious'-. Granting for the" sake of argu-
ment that any, relationship, did exist, then it is iro
THE CANADIAN BANK
:   OF COMMERCE
•7 :   SIR-EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O.; LL.D., D.C.L., PRESIDENT     :
7 :V       ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager   '■■_ '■"<■;
CAPITAL, -'$10,000,000.
REST, - $7,000,000
THE SAYINGS BANK DEPARTMENT'
.of The Canadian Barik-'of Commerce will receive deposits of $1 and
•*- rri* ■
'upwards; on which interest is allowed,at current rates. There is no
delay in withdrawing the whole or any portion of the' deposit. Small
deposits are welcomed.   **■-•-••.,■ 234
Accounts maybe opened in the names of two or more-persons-, to be
operated by any one of the number or by the survivor.- A joint account
of this kind saves expense in establishing the ownership' of the money,
after death, and is especially useful when a man desiresnto provide for
his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death.
FERNIE  BRANCH" > L.  A.^S.  DACK,   Manager,
CE. LYONS
-.* ■
Insurance, Real Estate
a '        j "
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
Saturday Spe
CITIZENS   OF    FERNIE
'   '*'*'."' . . - ,•*,■"
Happy New Year to You
May December 31st, _911 mark the close of the most prosperous year In your history; we firmly believe it will do so in
ours.   Make a good start anyway, and go to
The 41  Market Go.
for all your requirements in
Cheese, Oysters, etc.
,   SAM GRAHAM, Manager
Meats, Fishi, Eggs, Butter, Poultry,
PHONE 41
The whole situation-may be summed up briefly by
two words—"Economic Determinism."
We will now present our argument and court
criticism of same: ' "\\  -*•-■-   ■*
The interest paid upon debentures is a penalty
for the non-payment of utilities .on; a cash basi^j-
therefore the. valuatibln of the" articles purcha*M
bears no relation whatsoever to tlie debentures insofar as depreciation is concerned. ,To illustrate: V
farmer buys a certain implement from a harvester
company, giving notes covering a-term of years with
interest thereon, redeeming the' same as they fall
due- but in thc event of deciding to dispose ot the
•machinery thc purchaser certainly would not consider the interest as a factor in determining thc price
'lo be paid for a secondhand article^; in like manner
wo are at a loss to grasp wherein Ihero is any difference between 11 if hypothetical   ease   and  'the
.-barging of a certain percentage to depreciation of
utilities merely because thc holder perchances to
bo a municipality and not an individual.   To this, it
is possible our opponents might signify their accord
so far as it relates to an individual, but that the
comparison is inaccurate because this took place
during the life of the party involved, whereas in
thc case under consideration the effect instead of be-
ing definite is continuous.    Our answer in rebuttal'
can be best exemplified by having the farmer tlie before the indebtedness on the machinery is acquitted,
Tn order to wind up his affairs and apportion to'the
heirs tlieir share, tlie first chargo will ho to inifsrest,
and tho nalance of the principal, this done, an np-
prniscnieiit will be made 01' his belongings.    Those
who may benefit from tho sale of the proceeds may,
or may not hnve aided in their creation, hence this
has a parallel a municipality (provided tho utilities outlived the term of the debentures) would confer upon those who came within its jurisdiction sub-
Kequeiil to the redemption of the debentures.
The foregoing observations aro. based upon our
own reasoning, but in ordor to probe further into
the subject we have consulted authorities, feeling
that the opinions of specialists 11 municpality nu-
ditiny nnd accounting would curry more weigh!
Ilitm the deductions of tyros in a field of sudi wide
f*cop'-.
l.awivin'i! I{. Dii-jcsci*, M. Com. F.t'.A., formerly
Professor of Accounting itt the,University of Minn-
indium "now of London School of _-.'.niinm*.*s and
Political Science . fiiivei-siiy iif   Loudon) in   his
work on "Audiliutr." edited Ity Kobt.  M. Mont-
•.•■•■in .-y, C.l'.A.. Attorney at i.nw N'cvv York, wivm
"Pnltlic Service Corporations." \ ape 112. "M'eetric
light aeconnlH differ from ih-**:,e of most other undertakings in thnt the perishable nature of thc fixed
assets renders it imperative tlmt special attention
Mioij.i) ho i'U'VdUh) in lhe Aitbjeel 0/ dcprefialiojj.
Il is not merely sufficient that the working -plnnt
hhould he fully maintained in n stale of working efficiency out of revenue, as the high speed al which
the machinery i« run, combined with the fnct thnt
only tho >-malI''<-'t pif-nhlc mtcrvah of rout oan he
afforded to ratify defect.*, very materially shorten**
the durain-n oi _il> of Xhoso awu'tn.   M-fin-over in
eonnection with thin particular industry the advan-
i-t-H of modern •scicnw are m rapid (hat, in spite of
th»- comparatively short term of life* many parts
of au rltftrl'-ul [thitit lw,>-*__.*. ■■?.■«.!.■.■•- '...-f..iv tii«-v
practicable,--because of, the varying duration of utility of the. different items subject'to'depreciation,
;.hink we* have dilated 'sufficeritly jn^sup-
our opinions,' and" therefore now ..rest the
"PIFFLING PATERNALISM;'"
Esq.,'    ,      •     ■■'"_.       ■"
Fernie. B. C.
Dec. 28,1910
Dear Sir,'
' I beg to acknowledge receipt of your letter of
the 19th instant) stating that at, a mass meeting of
your club you were instructed to write and demand
tho reason wliy your club license was refused.
"Under tlio'Chili Regulation Act' tho superintendent nnd myself must both give, our. personal consent before nny* club license shall issue and it is
therefore not necessary for cither of us to give the
reasons which actuated us in coming to the con-
elusion that vo did. ("When Sir Oracle (Bowser)
opes his lips'let no dog, bark;.".' Bow!. Bow!)
However,, fov your information, T may sny that I
havo,'nothing to fear .in' making a public stateihcnt,
in this afi.wcll as any other matter which comes beforo the- department. (Tableaux Viviants—Ajax
defying tho lightning, at University- Site, Point
Grey.,' Hoy presto 1 Napoleon bearing in right hand
bannorot with 'inscription "Bcce homo 1"—Behold the man. Outline of t. Helena discernible in
thc background.)
"In the first place, you held a club license before
from this department and nbuscd its privileges to
such nn extent that wc wero forced to cancel it, and.
on this account wo would naturally go slow in issuing you n socond club license. (Vado retro Satnnns
Ananiiis! et al Got behind me Satan, Ananias and
tho others. Ahem! Bog pardon, what's the name ?)
I uiny further say that the report of tho inspector
whh not in favor, bocauNO when ho visited
your club lie found beer* on tap notwithstanding tin; fact that you had no license. I nmy say that I also had this matter
reported, to niii 011 several occasions, that notwithstanding thnt you had no club license you were pro-
(•ceding to uno liquor on your promises without legal
authority,
"I may further htato that you apparently made
your eluli the hoiidqniirtors of a political organization ("In vino Veritas' (let's hope not,'always) "In
the clout! iu the clout! Hubert for ever"-—"Munl.tr
will out.") during tlitijate hyc.elcction and it in
not tho pniclicc of this department to issue a club
license to nny political organization because il
would be ni'mt dangerous to the public peace (Much
paternal solicitude o'erwhelms us. Coul Creek
■ToiiM-rvaiivi'S plciiNO ,unie Jor lul ure gniilimee itiese
pearls of whilom) if in lhe excitement of a political
campaign the members of a club were' allowed (0
have access to liquor, and lastly. I may say thnt il
was tint considered in the public interest that your
im'titu-.-"* pIkhiM he given a ejul. Iffcr.-*.*-..
(Kxount omnes—weeping copiously to tho dirge*
like _*,r:.irm of "Nobody knows how .l^•.■ 1 am.1'
.Above 5s copy of letter* tninui-J interpolation:*).)
Your* truly.
(Signed) W. J. IIDYYSKK,
_t>-_-.i..1-.Ov.14.-rMl
Fernie Home Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
 Lu ncheonsiServed __
every day from 9 a.iri: to'11 p.m.
.,   >.- .-*  -■     ,*, :l   .VI'i'-.V     .-  . "i **''*' 'I'--
Porkand Beans Saturday
.; SHIP &,MacKENZIE,.
Storo Phono 123  - -.-.  Houso Pkons-lSO
8 Varieties, ail "No-V-1
cjuality, Senator, York
Imperiai, Roman Beauty
Wagner, Baldwin, SVBann,
Greening and Paragon,
Per Box of about 45 lbs.
- I "■
$1.75
For annual inventory. Wo
closo our books for this
purposo on tlio 31st inst.
Ih tho intorval will be
favored by /receiving as
many simolcons on acoount
from our patrons as possible, Tho simoloons will
facilitato matters and we
will appreciate. tho consideration.
SNAP!
Dry
Corclwood   at1; $2.00
Rick, C.O.D.
per
Horso and Cutter for biro
DUAVING  DOXI3
Apply, War. Djckkn, Phone 10
Fornie, 13. C.
TETLEY'S TEA, a choice blend of India
•      . Ceylon, per 31b. * Caddy $1,00
and
. .King Oscar Brand Sardines, 2 cans. 25c   ^
■-• ..-■-_*
;■ Canadian Pack Sardines, 4 cans, 25c
Clover Leaf Red Salmon, 2 cans, 35c
Heinz Sweet Mixed Pickles,- per bottle,, 45c
Heinz Tomato Chutney, per bottle  35c
T%e^Tmes-WM>d Co.
.'...'      .'-.,._.,:.   ..,*,. , -■   i, a.{        y;.y   .* ■ 7    «
.,_    ,    „      ,,/•■.*'■", ii'****     -i*J- -•■*,.- '•*    •-    ii;-'--   '. **
;"•-■■'■ •   Limited -
! STOVES! STOVES!
i
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and -
Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves
J. M.   AGNEW & CO., ELKO
it provides only for bulldlnt. Initios,
and lakes no account of tailors, printers, paper makers, makers of arms
and, other .workmen employed liy.tjio
govornmont.
J. D. QUAIL
Fernie
Hardware -ixd PurxitTirp
•
UNIONS DISLIKE DILL
Tradei and Labor Congrest Will Enter
Protest to Government
TOUONTO-Wm. Olockl'lnir, Jiresl-
dent of tho Trades and Labor Congron
ot CftTibiVii, Iiii*. gono to Ottawa on his-
half bf tho I-almr unions to renuesl the
withdrawal <>l the bill Introduced by
Atphonse V-enllie, the French-Canad-
ikti law rii.-_.it.t-r, dotlgned lo r-__u-
Mxi the hour*, i.t UU* oa public works,
Tbo tinlons tit.-,-' > ta th* bill be<-AUS«
DIED
i" '■■ "mm "i
Mrs. John Murray, ago 30, native ot
Scotland, died In , Wost, Fornio, on
Wednosday, and . waB burled, in tho
local comotory on Friday. Sho loavoB
husband and two children tb mourn hor
loss, Rev, Hugh Grant, officiated and
Thompson and Morrison hnd charge
of tho funoral arrangements,
Tho romalns of Mrs, .Inno Hodson,
nged 02, iiativo of Staffordshire, who
died on tho 12th, was burlod on tho
18th from tho' undertaking parlors of
Thompson and Morrison,  <"■
IF   YOU   WANT
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
VICTORIA AVENUE FERNIE, B. C.
*k'********************'**'k+*******************************k**************
Santa Claus has Looked the City Over
and lio Hays that overy desirable piece of real estato that in oithcr to lot or for anlo is
listi-ii «j>on our books, ami we believe iie is rigiiu   Our '
Real Estate Opportunities
for the gnmll investor aro many. If you havo saved a fow dollaru wo can lead you to
a property thnt will offer you tm oxcnptionnl inv. shnenf. Give iw an idea of whnt
you may want and we will hunt something up for you. !l
A. Beck Block
M. A. KASTNER
Insurance and Real Estate
Fernie, B. C.
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THE DISTRICT IJ3DGE'$ .FERNIE. 7B_- C... JANUARY-21, 1911.
/
PAGE FIVE
I
>j^************V************************************ir*k**^
_'"' ■".--*•••.-        '    :-'-■"-■.' -'. -.'*.-  :'-.   •.     - 7*.-">-
-. -   ^___^_P .
ws
*******^*»*HHbbbHHWh^^^^
■*2___4H___> Jn. JL JSL
q_^_pi^|^^   BM_J_J _■____■ *wnw*1"
*♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦_►♦♦♦♦
♦ ', ♦
* <* COAL  CREEK   BY   1747      ♦
'*♦     ' ',,.'♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦.*♦- ♦,*♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ••>
.   "Honesty is* lhe best policy    and
gains   its   own., reward."    ■
.Last -Saturday . afternoon between
four, and five'o'clock notices were
posted around staling that a ten dollar
bill had been dropped at the pay office, would the, finder please return
'It to Mr. J.. Wildman, Morrissey Cottages.' Later a footing was attached
tQ the "notice,stating'that, if the loser
would call at House 195, occupied by
Jas. Knowles, the lost bill .would be
turned over to,its owner.',. This'little
incident "goes'to prove, although there
are lots of poor people living in Coal
Creek, honesty is one of the virtues
that still remains in some of its inhabitants'
Owing to Miss Elmhurst returning
to the Coast,^ the infants school was
without a teacher last week. The
trustees, however, approached Mr. W.
T. Bennett, a gentlemnn with about
twenty" years experience as a teacher
in Cumberland,' England, and were successful in getting him to take ovor
the teaching of the young hopefuls, of
which there are quite a good number.
Last Friday, morning the inhabitants
of Coal Creek got aroused from their
monotony about 7.40' a.m. by hearing
the' fii***? whistle blowing as loud as
steam could possibly, make it. On
enquiries being made as to where'tho
fire was, it was found that one of the
occupants of house 160, finding that
the water pipe had become frozen during the night, had attempted to thaw
it out'with a red hot poker, with the
result that, an old mattress which was
lying across' the pipes as a preventative against the frost, somehow got
started. This smouldered' away, and
being pretty damp, the two houses
.were soon full of smoke. ■' The occupants of 17.0 who were in* bed at the
time, were roused up and had to make
a hasty exit in. as little time as po_>-
sible. A willing band of workers were
soon at work and in a much less time
than it takes to write had, the two
houses cleared of the portable furniture, while others formed a bucket
brigade, and. the mattress, which "had
caused the tro.uble was quickly pulled
from the cellar before it had got into
a blaze. A few/buckets of water, were
thrown around, but it was found that
the fire was extinguished, and the only
damage done was a few panes of glass
which-were broken to, let •••-the smoke
-out, and a few.' with cold-hands and
feet, as It was not very comfortable for
anybody while the .excitement, lasted.
***************^**********^****-******************^ YV¥YYTwYYYTYTYYYYY^*
"BBE^veryninfrinfiful^
around last week end as to:, the cause
oCthe mattress getting on fire, and to
th'ese spreaders of fiction we -^would
say—try and get the truth before*you;
tell someone else; as a matter of fact
It/was purely, accidental, and might. oc:
cur to anyone'who wass'Ih a like-pre-'
dlcament. However, It Is all over,
and the only remembrance'Is.-.."what
, might have been had the Fates decreed." f Mr. and Mrs., Langdon wish
to thank publicly "through these columns, all who rendered them assistance in extinguishing.the flro.
Frank Westwood started in tho employ; of the Trites-Woods Co. up here
bn Mondny.--, -
,G., C. Egg, representative of the -\;
C. School Scranton, waa puylng his
monthly visit up hero on Monday.
A public meeting was held In the
Club TTall up hero on Sunday an. 8th,
for the. purposo of seeing what could
bo done by Lnncnetorlans and the public at largo In assisting to help rollovo
tho distress caused bytho oxploslon of
tho Pretoria Mlno, Lancashire, 'Eng-
lnnd. Aftor much discussion lt was
decided to opon a fund to assist In relieving the widows nnd orphans, said
to bo about 1,100, who hnvo boon robb-
od of tho bread winners by this dreadful calr.mlty. Tho offlcors elected
woro: President, Thomas Franco; Socrotnry, Crowthor; Treasurer, Joo
Hninor, Thoso gontlomon rocolvod Instructions about oponlng of tho fund,
but nothing deflnito has, ns yot boon
dono on account of the Gladstone
Local union taking up a collection on
behalf of the sufferers of the Bellevue disaster. A concert is, however,'
under way' for the above fund, which
will probably be'held about Feb: 24th
at the Club Hall, Coal- Creek. , Any
one wishing to give their, services at
the concert or r subscribe to the fund,
may communicate with'any of the
above-named gentlemen.
Charlie Savory is now handing out
tie time checks at No. -2 side. Victor. Allan having been transferred as
time-keeper to No. 5 Mine. ■   --   ,
The miners up here were all able to
resume operations on Monday, but owing to the severity, of-the weather the
output is far below the average,   \
Born 'at Coal Creek on Wednesday,
Jan. ** 18th, to Mr. and Mrs. Samuel
Clarke, a fine son and heir. -Mother
and child are both doing well.   "
-Alex McFegan returned from Nanaimo last Saturday, and states that every
thing is very quiet around there, practically nothing doing. There is no
place like Coal Creek'for Alex.
Louis Proudlock returned from Vancouver City on Wednesday last, ..He
has only had six days' work in four
months. He reports that there are
hundreds looking for work in that vicinity, but little prospects of success.
Mrs. J. Langdon was at Hosmer on
AVednesday last, on a visit to her son,
Mr. A. AV.  Courtney.
We would remind our readers that'
the dance and soiree, previously men-'
Honed, will be held in the Club Hall
on AVednesday next, the 25th inst. All
are heartily welcome, and an enjoyable time is guaranteed. Good music
and a good supper will be the special
features of the evening.
Archie Nicholson had the misfortune to sustain a slight injury to his
right pedal extremity by getting under
the hoof of a . horse. We trust the
injured member, will soon be well
again.
Leo Lascelles, a digger in Old No. 1;
was crushed between a car and a cog
on, AVednesday afternoon, "and sustained injuries to his left side. He vas
removed to the Fernie Hospital, where
we hope he will make,a.rapid recovery.
The infant child of Mr and 'Mrs. P.
Mulgrew, of Coal Creek,- was buried
on the 18th' at Fernie.   .
♦ -COLEMAN NOTES BY 22
♦ Snowbound from last week
-.Iri. consequence1.of the'.-very, severe
weath.er_t._as been Impossible to operate the mines. '- -
, .The. mild weather that prevailed up
to Sunday noon suddenly underwent
a change with the result that heavy
winter-wear was brought from Its resting-place—wombat coats, fur caps,'ear
mitts, mufflers,' etc., were all Insufficient to protect us from the chilly east,
blast, . .Many of the new arrivals gave
vent to their opinions regarding Canadian winters and-expressed the wish
that they were back In the old country
once more. AVo wonder why, some of
thom ever, left as they certainly could
not expect that this would be a land
of perpetual sunshine, and furthermore after tho first Inconveniences are
over, tho pleasures of tobogganing,
sleighing; skating and the participation
In such lively games as hockey and
curling, will fully compensate those'
who havo not yot had nn opportunity
to onjoy thoso health giving sports. .
Tho C.P.R. experienced considerable
difficulty In keeping tho track open,
although every' offort ln thnt dirootion
wns tried, There nro. sovoral
cases of frost bltos, but nothing sor-
Ions so far.
Wo regret to roport tho death of
Jack Stout's infant child.
The hockoy match botwoon Coloman
nnd Mlchol on Saturday last resulted
In a victory for tlio former. Dosplto tho fact thnt some of the
best plnyors woro unablo to got
away on Saturday tho toam proved
Itsolf too,strong for the MIcholltoH.
Colomnn 0, Mlchol 4,
THE
JL       J. ml     JL-kf
A   High   Class
T Vt P J-7/7
JL   JLat JL     _iCii_ JL»At
Boarding   House
&FTY ROOMS-COMFORTABLE,
CLEAN AND CHEAP
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
R. FAIRCLOUGH, £™M£££T
COAL CREEK, B. C.
Call for the Eighth Annual Convention of
District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
.   t    .     '  .        - .   n "  .    i Office of District Jfo. 18, U.M.W;,of A.
. i s "'".■      * ■ ■ -  - - '.-',, "''
To the Members of Local Unions of District"*No. 18, U.M.W. of A..
Greeting:      *    . '■*,'.
3 ,       ' ,t' •■*.*•
..-. You 'are hereby notified, that % .-Eighth Annual Convention 'of District
18. -U.M.W. of A. will be lield in the Labor, Temple, Lethbridge, commencing at
10 a.m., Wednesday, February 15th, 1911.
Your delegate or delegates are kindly requested to, obtain a Railroad
Certificate in order that arrangements may be made to obtain reduced rates for
the return journey. -   .,   „ ' '   .      ■ ■
Your attention is respectfully invited to , Art. 8, Sec. 2 and 3, District
Constitution, which explains matters pertaining to the Convention.'
°  .■*..-    ■ W. B. POWELL, President,.,    *
, •   ,,     '   '. -       ,/'    '     '       A. J. CARTER, Sec. Treas.
WHO IS JOSEPH JONES?
In one of our recent issues we reproduced an item from Montreal regarding si party of Welshmen who
were coming west to engage in eoal
mining. . According to this report one
of the individuals- was called "J.
Jones.' who claimed to have contested the constituency four years ago
against Lord Tredegar's son. One oi
our readers informs us that there are
one'or two slight inaccuracies; firstly,
Lcrd, Tredegar, had no' son. a nephew
succeeds him; there is no member of
the House of Commons named [ Tretlr-
ega, nor was there anybody named
Morgan (the. family name of Lord
Tredegar) contesting Newport four
years ago. It looks very much like
a case of a reporter being short of
copy, but long on "string."
As Hosmer has dropped out of the
league a change of fixtures is necessary.-
* J. .Derbyshire,' jr., recently welcomed back his better half from her visit
to. Lancashire, but we are sorry to
learn that her eyesight is not much improved.   ,    , •       -
If, as some people state, characters
can be read by the hat a man wears
we would suggest that, certain individual cease wearing the one that has
adorned his --top-knot lately, as they
may form the opinion that he has come
"to hang the. monkey."
'ANNOUNCEMENT
'The Gladstone Miners. Union wishes
to announce to the public which lias
been so generous in its patronage of
good plays and first class moving
picture exhibitions during its management of the Grand Theatre, that the
Grand "Theatre has been leased to the
Grand Theatre .Company,.- which; has'
been formed'to take'over the management" under the ' direction "of Messrs
Spilth atnd'Mott, both .young men .well
k^wn7t^the^Wlic^of7Fefnlel The
two,enterprising young.men Intend.to
kep' up*'the reputhtidti'*of'the-Grand
Theatre for clean upLto-date en'tertaiu-
,ment, and* h'ave!"th'e*!',-|;oo'd "foftuiie' to
'.start off, with the most"popular moving picture' show of-the season, reproducing the great.rough-rider and cowboy reunion held at Cheyenne last autumn. ' Tlie-management has" already"
shown their, enterprise „by booking
"A Stubborn Cinderella,"'1 the largest
and most successful light opera how.
on the road out of,New York. This
company Is the largest ever sent over
the road In B.C., having sixty, people
and carrying Its complete " scenery
and costuming as shown In New York,
Chicago and other large cities. It
Is needless to say that a company
which was ablo to hold the boards for
203 nights In Gotham'and 497 nights
In Chicago will bo the greatest attraction ever offorod tho people of
Pernio, and Gladotono Union bespeak
for tho new management tho patronage that has always beon oxtonded to
the Grand while undor the direction of
tho offlcors of tho Union. ■•
THOS. UPHILL,
Sec, (pro tem,>
"A   8TUBBORN   CINDERELLA."
"A Stubborn Cinderella," that highly successful musical comedy of roal
quality and merit by the well-known
trio, Hough, Adams nnd Howard, whicli
Is making an oxtondod tour of the
country this soason under tlio direction of Chas, A. Goottlor, will bo tho
attraction at the Grand Thontro, AVcd>
nosdny, Fobruary 1. Tho company
numbering 130, Is tho biggest, best and
most cosily whicli over came to wostorn Canndn.
This protty play, as It may woll bo
tormoel, Ir said lo contain moro cntcljy
musical numbers than any other onto.
lalnmont of ils kind that lias boon producod In rocont yonrs, and Is without
a doubt (ho gom of lho long list of
successful comodlos of (hat now fa-
moiiH Chicago University pair.
Of tho twenty musical numlioi-s In It
onch ono Is nrottlor nnd cnlchlor tlmn
the othor,'nnd II, Ih poHlllvoly slated
tlmt. from tho tlmo tlio first, one Is
Hung until tlio Inst, ono, "Wlion Yon
First Kiss thc Last Girl Yon Love,"
Is finished, thoro in nnt a ulnglo mo*
mont Unit tlio om; is nnt ili-llght-.-!.
"Lovo Mo .Itisl, llorni i c." "AVlm's
tho Uso," "AdloB. Senorltn." "Don't bo
Anybody's Moon but Mliii». "Don't uo
Cross with Mo.' are .ilher tuneful ihiiii*
bon woll cnlculntod to plonso tho most
'_i._-_ii.__i   Mi   iit-itiUlh,
y".    '}'<•   Dili,}   it'A    1.1   .'<ilU.ll.v-t..    „H
n'.'ft'y a plrluro in . i.o < wr prcinr-n od
on nny stnRo, "The Ornngo Koto" nt
tho famous Cnllfornln rot rent, Corona*
do Uonch, whoro tlio nutliors woro so*
Inn win ic wh«n wrltlm? this plnv, Tlio
sfcnlc offoct Ih nn exnet reproduction
of thu lionutlful hostelry thoro, nml tho
various (lances, mlnifetn, marches, etc.,
executed during thn foto by n chorus
of a* protty and slinpcly girls ns It
war poHHlblo for tho ninnngomont to
collect nftor diligent search In tlio
bost avenues for dos rnble chorus girls.
It Is snfo to sny that thla number nlono
U ir***!**.- tlmn worth tho prim of Admission. Tho production Is an ox-
twdlnnly olnbornte ono. and It will
undoubtedly xcoro as Mr h surce*s
here n« It ban done In every rlty In
which It hn* b^n noon..
♦♦«♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦
♦
, Pempel Cheillo; an Italian
miner ' at" Coal . Creek, was
brought up on Monday before
J. ■ S. T. Alexander,, charged
with stealing, i.e., taking off
the check numbers from the
loaded cars and replacing it,
by his own, thereby robbing a
fellow worker of his just dues.
Sentenced' to three months'
with--.hard labor.
♦
WHITE REPORTED
FOR PRESIDENT
Columbus, Ohio, ^
--' ' '"Jan. 19, 19il.
Nothing definite reached regarding
result of election; reports reiterated
that White has a majority-over Lewis
for presidency. , Nothing'of real importance has happerieti'thus far, except
"_i.lMl-ct-l0-*1-0t^thelj^^'4,'andiL,iip._re-,
fusing charter to W. FV*<& M. has created lively discussion which has been in
progress the whole of this afternoon,
and will be thoroughly threshed out tomorrow. It is very likely that'if
the A; F.' of L. persist in their refusal
to grant the charter to the W. F. of
M. that the U. M. -W. of A will withdraw.
Emma Goldman was Invited to address the delegates In the Memorial
Hall, but the government authorities
Intervened and'forbade her to do so
there; she however spoke to a tremen-
'dous crowd ln the Red Lion Hall.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*»*»♦♦
THE   BELLEVUE  ENQUIRY.
ERRATA
♦
Owing to an inadvertanco,
the , following was omitted
from our roport ln this,Issue,
k'ndly Insert after the completion of Dr, Ross's first examination by Mr, Campbell, which
rends:
n"Q. I don't know that you
have gathored my moaning
meaning vory woll. Did you
see on tho bodies any powdor
marks?
"A.   No."
t
Dr. McKay sworn.
Quostlonod by Mr. Cnmpboll:
Q. You also prnctlco In,this
neighborhood, doctor?
A.   Yos; at Ulalrmoro,
Q. And you woro present
nt tho disaster on tho Oth?
A.   Yos, »
Q,   Did you soo tho bodies
of tho dead men In tho wash-
house next, morning?
A.   Yos;  27
Q, Now, you hoard lho ovidence of the other two doctors,
wlint Is your opinion?
A,   Very similar,
Q. What would you sny
wns wns the cnuso of thoso
rnon'H donth?
. A. I would nny nt lonst 25
or 20 died almost positively
from enrbon monoxldo poisoning, thnt In from tho signs, nnd
tho nhHOticfl of tho Hlgnii of
other cniiHitri,
Q. One, I iindorslnnd, wns
killed either by iioIhoiiIji*. or
by n blow on tlm hond7
A. Priifllonlly tlinro woro
two of thom thnt rocolvod very
Huvorn InJiirU'i*.
Q. Ono nf llio ilnelnrs hns
told us nti.Mit Uio ninn Injiiro.l
hi    iln:   tikllli,   (tint    (.il.    ..(.ll-l*
rmu> dlfd Jtflor.uu*._s?
A.   Yrn; In the mine.
O. Wnnt wore the* Injur*
Ipk?
A. 1 think four frnr-tnrnu nf
tlio log, hoih tlilRlm, nnd tlm
pelvis,. nnd nbraslons.
Q. no you know the tinmcs
. of tlu'Ko mon?
A. T think ono wrm Snvvo,
and the othor wns ono of the
ningtni brothers.
I. V. ASSOCIATION
There is a movement on foot looking to the formation of a veteran's
association of those who 'have served
10 years' with ..the British colors, or
have obtained two medals while in
active service.
This body is intended to serve much
the same purpose as the Lancaster-
ians, the Yorkshire, the Devonians"and
other kindred' organizations, will eschew both politics and religion, but
endeavor to cultivate a close. comradeship among those who by reason
of their past experiences have much
In common.
Although sentiment is one of the features-of the institution, the practical
side is not to be, lost sight of;' inasmuch as every Inducement has been offered to /peoples of other than British
nationality to settle in Canada, steps
will' be ■ likewise taken, urging that
some.-consideration be given to the
members similar to those received by
the S. A. veterans.
BOCHUM, Prussia--Sixty-eight mass
meetings of the miners belonging to
the Ruhr coal fields' adopted resolu-
;tions"recently demanding higher wages
in sympathy with the Belgian-strikers.
JONES
THE  POPULAR  BAKER
Coleman
WHOLESALE  AND  RETAIL
1    DEALER
Special arrangements for '
Parties,   otc
Order your ClirlMmi... Cnkc onrly
Apply  for  Prioo  List
nrond and Cakes shipped on tho
.    Local for Eastern Camps
The, "British Columbian,' in its headline of an accident that happened to a
n.C.B.R. locomotive at Chillawick, recently, reads "Engine Killapied." For
the -benefit of those who' have not
had the advantage of a classic Chinook education.- we would state that
"Klllaple" means '.'to upset." Sposl
mika Kumtux. (Don't put this on the
"foreign page."—Ed.)
Coleman
Hotel
Wm. Murr
Prop.
HtmmW-'-W^WT^^
3B_
T. W. Davies
UNDERTAKER
and
EMBALMER
Coleman,
Alta,
JEFF
The'Jeweler-That's All
Right on the corner
...   CENTRALLY LOCATED
The Waldorf Hotel
FERNIE,  B.C.
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
MRS. S. JENNINGS, PROPRIETRESS
(I
am ngont for
The Pride of Alberta"
A Flour of wliich ono
trial is all that is needed
to prove its worth.
Try "CREMO" a breakfast food that is a food
W.G. Warn
Gonoral Merchant
Hillcrest    •     Alta,
>
ers
STORES
New Michel
& Blairmore
♦
And Mini rontlnuo:
"ti. Tlio liiJurifMi ol thlK
man * about llio l»e», whnt
would ihoy bo ranged by, doc-
iorl"
GRAND THEATRE, MINERS' HALL
Fernie's Favorite Theatre
COMING/       COMING/       COMING/
a
Stubborn Cinderella
ii
Watch for; Particulars
Next Week
>> SKSBB
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PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C.... JANUARY 21, 1911.
The Bellevue Enquiry
had  they   -had been
'' (Continued from page 3)
A.   He-was there at the time.
'  Q..  What did you say to him?   '
A. . He was there when the matches
were pulled out of .the pocket.
Q.   What did you say to him?"
A.   I talked about what was best to
do with them:-
Q.   Is Mr. Bancroft'in the    room
Where bas Mr. Bancroft gone
now?
to?
A.
me. -
Q.
.    A.
Q
He was a  perfect stranger to
He was an Englishman, was he?
Yes.    ' ''
How long have you been    out
here, Mr. Allsop?   .
A.    (None).
■-   Q.- What did'you say. to - Bancroft,
"tell us? °* ,7   .
A. I said we should have to Teport
them.      .   ,     '     *
Q. Didn't you say, "By God, Ban-,
croft, look what we have got in this
man's pockets, and look at their hands
and all that."
A.   I don't know.
-    Q.   Well,   try  and * think.   Try. to
find out what you did say?
A.   Next morning I went and gave
them to the Super.    That's all I know.
Q.   You kept them all' night?
A.   Yes.
Q.   So   you    and    Bancroft   found
' these  matches.      And  whose pocket
were they kept in? ,
A.   Bancroft    had    the    pipe   and
matches, and the,tobacco I had.
Q.   Did you sleep together?
A.   No.
.. ,   Q.   And you made an appointment
for next morning, to go to the superintendent?
A.   Yes.
Q.   How did you go, together? Did
you make an appointment with him.
Did  you  say  overnight, "Look here,
Bancroft, we will go and stio-v these
., things to Powell next morning?"
A.   Did I?
Q.   Yes.
A.   Well,  nc:   I  didn't.'     I  didn't
make :riy ajnoinlrn^n;...
Q.   Wut did' yo i say to Bai. -of;
,, when you-ft-Mnd ths pipe and lolnc-
co and n'.-'r'.ies?
A.   I sail we wnuld report .t.
Q.   Is that all you said? '
A.   I don't-know that I said anything'more.  ' »
Q. I want-to ask you, on your oath
Ibefore.the jury, if you have ever'since
the 111h of December, talked to anybody, with the exception of Bancroft,
about this tobacco and these matches,
and these two men whom you say
were burned?
A. If I have ever talked about
Ihem?'- .     .     ,
"     Q.   Yes?
■Sure, I have talked about them.
Oh! ,    Whom  have- you  talked
I talked to Burke, for one'thing.
.What did you say?
I told him I had found the pipe.
Did  you" make  any' comments
A
Q.
to?
A.
Q.
A.
Q.
on it? ,* -
A.   I don't know that I said anything more about it.
'   Q,   You    told Mr. Burke, as. your
secretary?
A.   Yes. , - 7
■* -*At this point, Mr. Wood, for the
compnny, suggested that. Mr. Jam es
A.   I don't remember saying anything to Burke about them being
marked.   .
Q.   Now, tell us what    you .said
ibout  anything  else.,   .Who  is. your
'best chum?     Are you married?
.   A. "Sure.
Q: Did you tell your wife about
these matches?
A.   No.
Q.   Did you tell any other man?   .
A. It might have been'talked over;
but I don't know ,who they was. •
Q. Have you been present at. ahy
meetings since the explosion—any
meetings of any society?   .-
A. No; I haven't been to any meetings.   Only -to the Eagle meetings.
Q. You didn't talk about it there?
,   A.   No. ,* .'•'--■
Q. So that the only three ,ppople, pr
four, rather, are Powell, Green .Bancroft and Burke?
A.   Well, Bancroft was there;
Q. I know. And you expressed no
opinion to anybody as to these matches having anything to do with the
trouble? . r    '
A.   No.
, Q. You will swear that on your
cath? '*
A. I will swear that I"didn't say
that rhe. matches had anything to do
with it.       .,    ■ '
Q. Well, the matches, pipe ar.dio-
bacco, keep the whole three together.
You swear to that?
A.   Sure.
■ Q. That you never made any comment about these men, having these
things in their pockets?.
A. I took them to Powell; that's
all. ;    . '    .-   *
Q. You swear that you Sever told
anybody that these men were burned?
Will you swear that?' $■
A, No; I am not ..going to swear
that. ■       . '   *   r*    -
Q.   You" say that you will not swear
that you did not tell peoplo that these
m'en were burned ?-
; A.   I don't know for certain whether they were." , , '-
Q. Mr Allsop, you' should have' been
a lawyer, and you would have been a
K. C. I ask you", whether 'you* will
swear-if you told anybody that these
men were burned?
A. Yes; I will swear that I never
toid anybody about-that*
O.   You will swir'.   7 . -
•\     Sure. n
(i Wll yo-.! svci' that ypu never
•■aid niybody •!■■■_•: v u thought they
wore burned. ,
A    .Well, I'' in-mot say that.
Q. ' Then you did tell someone that
you thought they were burned?
A. I' don't know; it may not have
been in conversation'.', sl-don't really/
know whether I liave or" not.
Q. Well,,,you told this -jury, and
you have sworn to it three times,
that they were burned.
'A.    (None).
.   Mr.  Mackie:   ,-Will your worship
make an  order'that' the mine  or-
ficials  produce these things?       -;
* Mr. Wood:    If w;e have, the pipe
and tobacco', we'will certainly bring
, them.     As to J.he..matches,* w;'e will
""bring them also,''ff we"'have them,
if the coroner asks'us'to do' so.'/. '■*
Mr.- Mackie: . I-want- to place -myself  in  the position- that "we  can
Burke shouldbe requesti_d~to leave
the room during the further examination of th's witness.' and the request was complied with,
Q,   Tell us all about the conversation. ■   You went to Powell because it
was your duty as an 'employee?
^A.   Yes; Powell is my master.-
Q.   Yes; that is. the manager-of the
mine; ancl you felt it to be your duty,
and "also felt it to be your duty to go
to Burke, as he was your secretary? ,
A.   To Burke? "■■      . *'     .'
Q.   Yes;   as  the  secretary  of the
union?    °   -
■  A.   I told Burke about it.   ■
Q.', What did yon say'to Burke?
A.   I told him wo had found' matches,  pipe "and  tobacco  In  a man's
pocket.
Q,   In tho last that were out?
-   A,   Yes.
Q.   Did   you  tell   Burlce  anything
about the mnrks you snw?
A,   I don't know that I did.
■ Mr. Wood.   Did you or did you
not?
Mr, Wood:   Then nay bo positively.
It Ji estimated tint
lh* average mnn li
worth 12 a dny (rom
llm neck ..-i._K--v.hi..
!• ha worHi Itom Ilie
neck «>/
Thnt depend* entirely upon trntnlnfir.
I. you are (reined no
that you plan mul
direct wou ynu are
worth ten Hnum m
niuuli a% tlm mnn
who cnn work only
undir orclon*.
'ilie IkIkriIImiI
{(tiitiifiildict Vcheett
gototl.o nunwlioli
ilr-mUnir (tlonir on
• mill pny nnd-any lo
lilm, We will trnm
you fnr -promotl'in
rl(lil where you err,
or we will '.unllly
you to take up •
more Jianirenlnl lint*
ol work nt • much
Walter untor.'."
TCviiry nionili tcv-
tr»l hundred »iu-
fltintt voluntarily
r-.r i   .9   f   ,..     ...  I nni-.t
•■'the *lir.'*.i remit
nt T (" ,!, tr-iln'i.i'
YotinvodnoOenve
your pn-.<.nt win It,
or your own home.
Milk tM*f<y.tf «nU
once end mill It.
• miwawsti commwiMt. unt'm ♦
; *«< 7f», SmnlM, r-i. *
ti tUn. »i.,hn,  »lit„ot imtH.i ... iik.ii.,* *» *jr _
pi rt, ko« I ri* ,|>_.l,ly tut i l«i».t Ml •'->* •ml        _
7-iVOUiQTf£io*v
that the further examination, ot this
witness be postponed'"until -these
, things, are produced,, and he    can
' identify them.  .. , _.,,,,.,.
• Q. I want to aslcV'the witness .in
which pqeket these things were found?
■ 'A, Well, I stpod on* the right side
pf the' man, and Bancroft on the left.
Q. And his head was facing which
way?
A.   His head was'facing the*off!ceg
Q.' And.* which  pocket  were  they
found in? '
1 A.   Ih the trousers pocket.
Q.   Which trousers' pocket?
A.   In tho back pocket.
Q. You know nil that? You know
that Bancroft stood at the left, and
you on the right, and that his face
was facing the office, nncl that the
things were .taken out of his hip pocket, and yon do not know which side
ot the face was marked? -
A. I don't know whether his face,
was marked moro on ono side or. tho
other.
Q, Wero tho matches looso or In a
box?
A.   Loose.
Tho Foreman;   Wore both Bides
* or ono side markod?
A.   I cannot tell you for cortaln
which side was the worst;
Q.   But botli sides woro marked,
then?
A.  Yos.
Questioned by Mr. Wood;
Q. You told my learned frlond thnt
thoro were mon who stood around
thoro, who Bald thoso men woro burned. Who wore tho mon that stood
around nnd said that? .
A, Well, thoy camo off that lato
trnln thnt night, and thoro was O'Brien
or somebody from No. 6, at Fornio,
I could toll his namo If I, hoard it,
Q, How mnny mon woro ln tho
wash houso whon you woro washing
theso mon?
A. Thoro would bo 5 or G whon wo
woro washing thom, Thoy had como
off tho trnln, I bollovo.
Q. Thoso fi or fl mon who woro
Btumllng nbout, so far ns you know
camo off tho trnln, nnd lt was thoso
mon tlmt mndo tho romnrk (lint Uio
mon woro burned?
A.   Yob.
Q. Anybody clso except O'nrlon,
or O'llrlon from Fornio. Which Is It,
O'Brien or Ilrlon?
A, I ronlly would not «ny. I could
toll in a momont, If I hoard It. Ho Ib
nt No. 0, nt Fornio,
Q.   (Ily   n   Juryman);     George
O'llrlon?
A.   Ych; 1 think Hint's It,
, 0. And you remembered lilm -saying thnt the bodies of tho men wero
burned?
A.   Yen. ho did sny Hint,
Did you lionr anybody olso flny
" A.   If there
bursted. ' „
Q. Did you say: ''No, these are
not blisters"?      •     '7 "* ■
A. • I didn't have hardly a word to
say to the fellow.,   '-•"   ■      *■*-,,
Q. Task you, did you disagree with*
him? •-  '.-       " ■ ,   ■
A. No; I didn't. ** I gave "in to the
gentleman.
Q. You acquiesced in the gentleman's* statement that.they were'blis-*
ters? How far ..did* the'* blistering'
go up the arm? * .   -.
A. The skin was' all off around here,
(indicating the back of the hand).*";
Q.   AH off around the whole of ,the
back of the .land, to this joint (indicating the wrist) ? *,
,  A.*  Yes;'somewhere about that. *,
Q. ■ From the knuckles to the wrist
joint?..
,A.. Yes;  something like that.   -
Q.' The whole of the back of the
Hand, right, up to the wrist; And
you say it was burned there?    „
A.-  Yes;   that's  it.   " "      ... 7
Q. And similarly with, the other,
hand?-" '   '*,
A.   Yes; the other was marked.'
Q. , Did you have any more discussion with O'Brien as to the matter.'
A.   No.. .-*.'.•
Mr. Mackie: ' I wish to adjourn the
examination until the things are' produced, with the exception, of one question; . Mr. Allsop, you are a night
watchman her for the company, are
you not? , '   -
* A.   Yes;''but. I am laid off now.-'
Q. But you were at the time of the
accident?
A.   Yes. '     7- -
Q. How-much whiskey did you take
that day? .   ■ ".-.
A.   I don't drink whiskey,' sir.     ' r
Q.   Well, beer, then? . &
A.   Which, day      ■-' '* <■■'
' Q. cThe day on* which you saw
these bodies,* and washed some , of
them, and took the pipe arid matches
out of'the pockets. Had you taken'a
few drinks?-    , ** '   *
A.   No; not of any kind.
Q.   Not of beer?*1
A.   No.
Q. -,You   were  perfectly   sober   as
you areV now?
*. „ A;   Yes, sir. -...,■
Mr. Campbell:. Before we adjourn I
think' I would like to ask Mr. Burke
just, one .question before-we,-go outside, if tlie coroner, does not mind recalling him. .*"
- .Tames Burke recalled:
. Mr. rCampbeH: Can you tell us
what Allsop said to you • about the
matches and pipe in these fellows'
pockets? n , •   '
A. Yes; he came to me and said
that he had-found matches, pipe and
tobacco, on either two or*-- three of
tbe last three that were brought out
■njliat is all he said.
Q.   Nothing else about them/*:
'.A.'  Nothing else.*
Q.'* Did.he say anything about their
Injuries? ' '   •- * *    "
A. I aske'd him if they were "'burned,'and be said no; if I,remember
right. .   .        -.-•..        ,     ,     *
Q. . He did not. speak to you about
their injuries?
A.   It just took, about two minutes.
Q.   Then there was a conversation
about their injuries?
A.   Yes";  there was.
Q.   There was; *■ that's right?' .,-'
A.   Yes. . ■ '..- ' -    ,   *
■ The Coroner: I would like to .say,
before .we adjourn, that one. of the
-jurymeri-ha's-sugg'ested-to_me___that_i_f,
we could commence- at" 1 o'clock and
finish at 5 o'clock.'.lt would be better;
but seeing that it'is now 12.30, we will
"tidjourn until 2. o'clock.'
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' On the opening -Si the court at 2
p.m.,, Mr. .Mackie asked for .the privilege of re-examining, Allsop at a later
date. This*request was,granted.
. Copies of the Coal Mines Act were
handed to the jury, in accordance with
the request of the Foreman. *
'  Robert Livett sworn.
Questioned by Mr, Campbell:
Q. Mr. Livett, you are a miner in
the Bellevue Mlno?
A.   Yes, sir. '        ,
Q.' You were present In the rescue
work after the, disaster of. December
9th? .   ,-        '
Yes, sir.
Were you ln court .this morn-
A.
Q.
ing?
A.
Q.
No; 1 don't .mow Mini thorn wn*.
Ilo rc-pc-nlod It Kcvcral times?
Voe
Did you ko wllh lilm, or conduct
tJtlK.m.liI   IS  lb* l*0l*<:,.«   Uf'irt
vl.lth  f  fci.t mail.,.  I.
a, Klmr,. ,.____„____
* Slrttf <_*__ A'«._.
JcWir        	
M WH-«-
1     l.lUllll.'ll Dtt'lMM*
kKW'Ct'4 Willtl
1    *lr*i tut. 1 t**i**.f
Wi_Hr Jtltv*.,
1     *\r*.l*,.ie,.flv***
ti** tern. (.mm.
1    Cfllt.l*! *** *»H1
tl,..,.,.,., n,.,y.,
H       .^t.A.,   (.),,_.»,.,
ttnfct.iMi fc^e**.ir
I   tl.ll l^»l'l>.
tft«M^<*ii Ckif .I**,*
1, ». *, Cm'"*-**-*-, f I***
***•,_.*■•-> M.lN.lit
1'    -*ri.'__t..
_,'«<»>',.*l. t»»>, III
&     A*..,   * k, IaJI til
(lit..*!-**
1     -I *♦** .1
r**,'*i*r** »*_,■.
I     #.«»l«Pf.«.
*,**.,*.,
P     •(<***<•»•••
_„__*!/.,
Q.
Hint?
A.
Q.
Q.
I'-ilUl'
A. Wo]], ho mild hn wnn lho rnnniv
nor from No, fl, nnd I didn't tany nny«
thiriK nbout it.
I}.   Ilo hii Id thut  tlic-KO men w<-io
lninif'il.     Now, do you donlro to toll
>     -        *   , ....   ,,i.,..„,.,.,,.
**.*■»    1, *. .*»    ....*..   ;',*.   '-.*   ». ai.   :,...    -    i. ft
or dlnapreo with Mm, or that you
didn't mny nnythtnR to lilm?
A.   I didn't know iho fellow.
Q. "I didn't know tho follow." do
you nny? Am-wcr my quootlon. Did
you or did yon not n(?reo with lilm,
or diHi*iKrr-o with lilm, nnd did you
nay no I Ik1 i',?
A. Wflll, I said to lilm "Thrro Is no
lill-i'^r* or nny'hli*** i? nn tbo btioHn"
Jiritl Iir- Paid 1hpy wnn lnirn-M whito
tho nkin rubed.
Ygb   sir
You heard tho evidence of Mr.
Allsop about tho threo men that wore
brought out on tho night of Saturday?,
A.   Yob  sir.
Q*. I understand that you helped
to bring out the first two?
A. I didn't help to bring them right
out of tho mlno, but I helped to discover them ln tho mine,
Q. Thoro were threo brought out.
How mnny did you holp to discover?
A. Wo found the throe. Mr. Pur-
cell found tho first; 1 found tho othor
two.
Q. Did you see tho one that Pur-
cell found before ho had been removed out of the mine?
A. Yes; he hnd not movod thom, I
was within two yards of Purcell whon
ho reached them.
Q, At what chuto was tlilfi; can
you say?
A.   In Ko. fi2 chuto.
Q.   Will you walk ovor to tho jury
hero, and murk on UiIh plan tho place
whoro you found this first man?
(Mr. Livett Indicated   tlio   position in which tho body wns found,
tho polntbeln*. markod on tho plan
in use by tho Jurymen, for their
KUldfinco,)
A.   Do you know his namo?
A. No; I could not swenr to his
nnmo, I was told nf forwards, tlmt It
was Snnvl,
Q. In whnt nltltudo wns (hat man
stood?
A, Ho was lying ngnlimt tlio low
rib, just lylnp; down thnt way (thu
ponltlon Indicated by tho wltnoBfl), ns
If he "lind not. been Interfered with
much with tho explosion, Thnt wns
tho only way out, and ho could not
not through nn It wns blocked with
fn lion timbors, ron) nnd other tlilngx.
Tho holo wnn blocked up so that, he
could not get, through,
Q. Then you wont to flml somo othor bodies?
A. Tlmt wim tl» body that Purcell
ronohod tint.
ti. Then you found two moro
:k.,.J'-j'?
Q. Woro there nny innrkn on the
first ono?
A. Not Hut I could uo. 1 liad
been In the mine about (1 bourn nnd
wns kind nf slrli nnd didn't look ovor
IX.r,n, t   i-i,i,i   ii   *-,.,»il»i   nniX   *iultc,l   >l1«
wntch out to «eo If It wa-j Kolnir, and
I; -ass uoIok. but I -ll-lii't ii&llco tlio
lln.e.
Q.  Now, you went on, Mr. Livett. j
itin! found two moii. men.    How ftir
frrm thore dl-l you f|.*i-i th«»m*
A,   Tho scrond man wa* nbout 25
t,r H(t foot from tht*» tint ono.
Q.   In  xxhlch dlro.Dont
A    To il.* Tlplu, "onlnt; liack.
t).   In what j.f_t.iil.m wti% b»'l     ■■
A.   Ke wan Jy/ni? on  h(« face.   I
was' nothing, on ' him,   he .was, only,
scraped.        '. ■'        , '
Q. But just what you saw yourself? ,   ,       ; .,
A.   Well, 1 thought he was bruised.
Q.   On both sides of his face?
A. * Just at the front; well, just
about here( position indicated),*
A.   Did you'-notice-his hand?
* A.   One hand was all peeled;  you
could see the under-skin red.
Q.   One  hand   was  peeled?      Do
you know-which hand it was?-*'
A. The." right hand, I think; but
1 am not sure.
Q. Did you notice his other hand
at* all?
-A.   No;   I did ; not pay any attention. ' .    '■
Q. Did you notice whether . there
was.debris around him; or if anything
had struck him?
A. A little' on * the inside, of him
there was lots of debris; where there
men would have had to carry it; the
timber had been-blown out, and all
that debris was lying clown. There
was a man underneath there,'but i
didn't find him:'      * "• -     '"""**
Q. ' This man was clear of debris'
himself, though? /
A.   Yes.    ■'   '    .       ■     -
,   Q.   Now then,, you found the third
man at the same time, or practically
at the same time?'    •'- •    - -
A. .Yes.-
. Q.   How far?
A. '■ About 20'yards away.
Q. .In what position was.he?      '.. ,
A. He was lying with both, hands
"spr-eau~out_*on*^the*--bottom^—*-, '■—
O.   Did* you notice whether he was
bruised at, all?,.".   .i        ■    •
■ A.   "No;  I didn't turn him over.
- Q.   Did you notice his hands?
A.   No.   ■ *   '    , ■:  .- '.     ■
Q. On the ground, was.there anything about him?
A.   No. "
Q.A11 covered with dirt, 1 suppose?
A.   No; nothing at. all.      *,    -   -
Q. The things ■ would bo dirty, 1
suppose? -   •
A.   Oh, yes.
Q. . Do you. know the names of the
two men that you found?
A. No; I could not identify them,
although I did know them previous
to the accident; but I could not Identify them at that time.
,Q. You could not Identify them
now?
A.   No.
Qj You say you helped to carry
these men out; which one flrBt?
A.   Tho fjrst one that was found.
I put him oh the rope and came down
with him.    After I got to tho bottom,
II sent somo men up for the othor two,
and camo out. After ,1 came down
the chute I came outside.
Q.   Leaving tho body behind?
A. Yob; thoy packed it Into a. car,
and it was still In the mlno when I
came out.
Q. Did you see tho othor two bodies after they camo out?
A.   No. i
Q.   Did you see them coming out?
A, I saw the car, and they said
thoy wero ln.
Q. Do you know who brought thom
out?
" A. Thoro was a bunch of roucurers
down from Coloman, I did know ono
or two of them, and their names.
Q. Tho first man it appoared, from
him, ns If bo had como to a placo
and tho exit bad boon blocked?
A.   That was my opinion.
Q, And lie had simply laid iown
nnd died?
A.   Yoh.
Tn reply to fnrthor Questions by Mr.
Campbell, Livett slated that a number
of props and posts woro located a
considerable distanco from whero tho
mon woro found, nnd although lio could
not stnto definitely, lio camo to tho
conclusion thnt tho props lind boon
blown thoro, owing to tlio fact that
such prop? woro ma roejnlrofl nt tho
plnco wlioro they woro found, Ono
of tho props hnd been blown Itmldo
for nbout nnolhor 30 yards, and It hnd
four dogs in it. In reply to a auen-
tion by Mr. Cnmpboll, ho oxplnlnod
thnt "dogs" wore things thai wero
used by tho tlmbor pnekors to facilitate the carrying of lho props.
Questioned by Mr, Mncklo:
Q, Ily what monns did yon nrrlvo
al the first man Hint, wns fonin!?
A. You menu tho first of tlio IiihI
throo.
Q.   T moan tho first thnt Mr. Pur-
oni\   fr.HT.il Wti.it   tnr»nn«    rill.'  Villi
tnko to get to him?
A A._.nH ii' o'w'O'*!-. ou ll.ti t}.,luf-
day.
Q. T don't monn Ihnt. Whoro did
you r-omo ln? You stnrted from tlio
mouth of tho mlno. Tho body *wn»
thon lu .12 eh ii to.    Did you get In by
Mi!
A. No; wo -got in K3 from the Rang*
way, nnd across tho monkey Rannway
Into r.2.
Q. Walt n mlnut*. Wo don't nil
know whnt monkoy gnngways itfo. Tho
ECKSTEIN & McTAGGART
BARRISTERS, SOLICITORS,* ETC.
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
.. C. Lawe
Alex. I. Fisher
n   >,m  'Imim. iv. nil.,.* _.^_._.l",<|•.*•••   *1B WB* brulnM, because I
Q,   DM you noilM*. !M» piar*1 **i**fre,,,«,_.., *.imn .,_ «,,. .        *_ . ._j__.__
lm    iuitnli.,1   mil    Mia   li!.af/»r«*> lifted   flllH  Up   «fnl   ho *»*«»  bASlnnln*.
lioiwlnt.ii out  Hie blisters. |ff| nm^   Bnr, F pu, Wm h)|ck ^^
A.   On thi* bnrk of the hnnd.      , I thougM he wns hnibiod, but on com*
Q.   And thtro had l*e*rii hlistcr*?   Un* out ot tlit* mhw tlmy aald In-tr**
monkey gangway is a counter gangway, or a parallel to the main entry?
,  A.   Yes.
Q.   How did you "get into the monkey gangway, by 52?        *
*. A.   No, it was blocked.
Q. So .you went into 53 by the.
monkey gangway, and then you went
from" the monkey gangway into 52
chute? '    *   '     ."
.JA.   Yes. *   *
Q. How far in 52 did Purcell find
the first body?   .   '*     *•    . „
A. By the-fourth, crosscut, just at
the south corner. ■■
Q.'~ The south-west corner", is that
right?
A.   South-west? '
Q.,  Yes;', just look at the    plan
here?     *
A.-' Yes';  at the south-west corner.
Q. "In the south-west corner of the
crosscut as indicated on' the map by
the figure- 296, in black?       '     '
"A. ' Yes., '
"Q.- Plow far would that be from the
main gangway, either*, in feet or in
yards? .        •    . • ,.
■A. .Well, not be "sure., about' 250
feet; but I could not be sure. Say
300 feet. * ' '"*
Q.   About 250 to 300 feet?
'" A.   Yes. '
Q.* Where was the obstruction in
52? , How far did it extend from the
main-gangway up "chute 52?     - ',*■
A. „ From the monkey, gangway up,
to a small hole was obstructed.,
Q. ' So, that the obstruction was between the monkey gangway and the
main=prangwayZ
A'; 7The obstruction was between
the main gangway, and the counter
gangway, and above the small hole
entering- to the fourth cross-pitch
place up at the top of 52.
Q.   You were not able to go into
52 chute? "
. A.   Not from the gangway,
Q.   To what extent was lt obstructed. From the main gangway to the
monkey gangway?-1
A.   Yes.      . ' .
.Q., There w*as no debris until you
reached  the fourth  crosscut?
A. This small hole led to the fourth
crosscut; between the third and fourth
crosscut- this hole was. blocked.
Q.   What dlstnnce would 52 be from
the main intake?
A.   I cannot say.
Q.   You found tho first body at tho
south-west corner of the fourth crosscut. .  How far wore tho other bodies?
A. ' Botween 25 to SO feet, as previously stated.
Q. The threo of .you were present,
Mr., Purcell, Mr. Anderson (tho pit
boss), and yourself? "
A, Woll, there woro othors Just
within a few yards.
Q,   But the three of you wore together?
A,   Woll, Andorson was behind me,
/Q,   Purcell first, you second, nnd
Anderson (the pllboBs)    was   third,
How far wero you from oach other?
A,   I was about two yards behind
Purcell
Q   You could seo oach other?
A   Yes
Q What means did you tako, tho
throo of you, to bring out tho bodies
from tho fourth crosscut whoro you
found them, nnd 25 to SO feot bohlnd
thnt, to bring thom out to tho surface?
A I - fastonod a ropo around tho
waist of tho flrBt body and cnmo down
tho chuto with It
Q   Which end  first, iho head or
tho feot?
A   Tho foot
Q So you woro, thoroforo, pulllnii
hlm out of tho chuto, and his arms and
fnco and body would bo dragging?
A Yos; on his back
Q DM you' notico whothor ho wan
dragging all tho way on his fnco, or
on his back, In pulling him down to
tho main gangway?
A,, lla wns not dragged, ho wan
lowbrod down
Q Wns It possible for tho body to
bo injured In nny way, by coming ln
contact olthor with tho conl or any
othor substnnco, whilo taking it down?
It Is possible that tho Injuries tlinl
nro spokon of ratty havo boon cnunod
lowering that body down?
A Kot tho Injuries tlmt I spoko of
previously Uo may lmvo received
a fow afterwards, but very slight.
Q What, wero tho Injuries when
you first saw hlm?
A Oh, tho first ono hnd no mnrks,
It wns tho socond one that hnd tho
mnrks
U   Did tie hnvo any nm.**** ul mo
llnu.' ,)'<'■* li.fik lilm out lo Dw ruirffin*'.
A   Wo lnft him nt tho monkey gnrnt-
way
Q   Then, did lio have any mail's?
A   I loft him nt tho monkey gangway, and other people took clmrjto of
Win
Q  Do you know (heir names?
A  They camo from Colomnn   Mr
Thompson was one
(Continued on pngo 7)
LAWE & FISHER
ATTORNEYS    '
•Fernie, B. C.
THE FERNIE
LUMBER GO.
, \ * ..    •    ■   c
A. McDougall, Mgr   v>
Manufacturers of and Deal-
. ers in all kinds of Rough
andDressed Lumber     ,
u^^a^i^m^*^^^a*t^***a*aBam*aaaimammmaa*a*maam^am
Send us youp orders
H. L. BISSONNETTE
Veterinary Surgeon
Calls
promptly, made,  day or night
and satisfaction assured  -
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
**************************
I   ROMA HOTEL  |
K * '-  - *
jj    Dining Room and Beds under     J
it    New Management. * J
* *
J   First class table  board'   J
if    -     : : jf
K'   Meals 25c.   Meal Tickets $5.00     i
li     ■—;—~~~~. : ■     jf
I*     BANQUETS CATERED FOR      *
Rates$1.00 per day    '   ~t
R; Henderson,  Dinmi. Room Mgr   ,1. >.
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MATTER
On first- class
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AND TALK THE
OVER WITH US
ROYAL
HOTEL
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
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• Call in and
' see us once
JOHN P0DBIELAN0IK. Prop.:
we
BUY
FURS-HIDES
tar •(*_* ruh, IO .0MS man tnanry fnrrwi in kl.tp JUw fnn mt Win. tarn,ihat, it
•fit M boo*.  WrtM inr tftia UH. MattHTtruittt, KM*. M *««•, **i *t««t Mr
HUNTERS'&TRAPPER^QUIDE.fir^
vamrm, M«fcamJ, »W. U.l»rm a*Mlj*-**)mi*_*•■_ »J«lr»ll«l»H tml*itn*l,. ll
•)».,« rm*r*r*' Imm, tW»l*. Trtt*. tl*m* U*«. Wm Imi wim. la mv, inrl Ik |un,RM t wi*
«mf*l t»mM. ll>kr*ri>t<'Mn«'>4>u.«. »M««.H. t-.NHJ.nv4win.il IV. H„'«.u->-.*,.t lfi.|
UhuM *■*>*- ">M kmimik toil»»*l IhkW*_*i*ui<tainiiiVttnu*, f i.«■»l_-.it«, m.,i>,-*
XUiUmtUtitnwuilfmtitte+tmm. lM**mtkH***.a**£ tl   _U»n»tlU,■___>
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
•*►*•_*#■
Fernie Dairy
i
FRESH  MILK
delivered    to   all .
parts of tlie town
Sanders 4. Verhaeit Brother*.
Proprietor!
HOTEL FERNIE
The Hotel of Fernie;
Fernie's Lending Commercial
and Tourist House'
fr ■ "   '       - '  '*   ■
■.1ii-i.mii in ..■___________.
S. V. WALLACE, Prop.
JOHN B. WATSON
Chartered Accountant, A«ilQnee, Uo
uldator and Truetee;   auditor to,
lhe Oitlee of Calgary and Fernie,
i
FERNIE ONION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamitert No.
1411 Moots ovory Friday night nt
8 p. tn. Minors' union hnll. J.
Jackson, Prosldont; E, Marslmn.,
Recording Bocrotnry.
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Moots 2nd
nnd 4th Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Socrotnry J. A. Gouplll, Wnldorf Hotol.
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Moots 2nd nnd -Itli Thursday Minors
Union hall.    1). Hoon, Hoo.
CALGARY, ALTA.
P. O. Box 308
H. H. Depew
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER
CONTRACTOR
AND
P. O. BOX 423.
fernie:
Typographical Union No. BBS' Moots
Inst Snturdny In onch month nt tha
Lodgor Offlco. A. J, Iluckloy, Soo*
rotary,
Local Pernie No. 17 8. P. of C. Moots
In Minors Union Hnll evory Sunday
nt 7.45 p.m. .{.vorybody welcome. 1),
Paton, Socroiury-TronHiiror.
LIVERY
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale
George Barton    Phono 78
i-_J
<4l
'I
/_
Amal-namated Society Carpenters and
Joiners:—Moot In Minors Hnll ovory
nltornntfl Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. V. 0.307.
V.t.iiJ Br?1ur'uorni o> Curpantarii ntxtt
Jolnm.-I.ocal 1220.    D, J. Evans.
President: V. H. Shaw, Secretary.
£ »■
JQINGER    ;
AVV!fiO.
Mlnntori cl pr«*t.i;I.imo dl Informarvl
dl utaro via dl Michel, D, C, quella
clm ulutu fuurl, osacmlo cho nol l-Mnpo
(irotBoulo vlil mt-lta imnlo dlssoctupata.
MAimicB nimnisLU
SpRretnrlo   dl   Plnanxa dell; Untono
I^cnlto n. 2.3H4 Michel, n, C.
B WI NG
MACHINE  CO |
WM.
Asr-tnt   V«rnt«   Bmneh
BARTON J'
j*
)*
. >
)*
I Pcllntt, Ave*   Worth j'.
k i •
***********************^%
i
_ ■
j*
»*
>*
1, THE DISTRICT LEDGIB, WROTE, B. C- JANUABY 21, 1911.
PAGE SEVEN"
ftls
The Bellevue Enquiry
(Continued from, page 6)
Q  .Who rwt*i the other one?   .
A ' Mr Haines was another-
- Q „ Are you in a. position to say
that, _ in taking that body down, it
did not receive the injuries that have
been.spoken of?
A  I cannot say what injuries, I am
'sure.*' ' ■ -^    ,' , !-.-. '■'
. Q.   How did you people get    the
other two bodies down?
A.   I didn't see them until they were
lowered down.'
QV • So that Mr. Purcell and Mr. Anderson are the two men that could
give us.evidence with regard to that?
j A I don't know. Sam Lewis, I
think", was assisting in fetching the
second one down.
7   Q. .You did not assist in bringing
the other bodies down?
7 - A.*   No..        ■   -a •• ,
. Q. Do you know whether or not the
other two bodies were taken. down
hy means of a rope, such as was done
with the.first body?
* A.   I think so, but I am not sure.
Q.   Was there any other means ot
.getting the bodies, down?
A.' Not very'well, because the motion had blown out.'
Q.   And the gangway was not In as
good' a. condition as it had been previously?   .Was it disturbed in any
^ shape or form, the chute?
'•"   A.   Oh, yes.
Q.' Was the chute in such a way
that you,could load the men on youj*
shoulders and,take him down?
A.   Not very well.   ■
* 'Q.' Then, the only way would be to
. take these 'bodies down in the same
way as the others, by means of a
rope?
A.   It was the most reasonable way,
* I thought.
Q.   And you had ascertained that
* these men were dead?
A.   Oh, yes. ,
„ Q.   Did  you notice whether  their
faces were torn, or If there were abra-
' slons on the skin, or whether the skin
'• was blown off, and how the skin was?
*°A   I  think I answered that ques-
, tion, Mr. Mackie.     I stated in previous evidence that I had found one man
-* had his.head all knocked in; and that
.the skin was off the handset one of
' them. *• -    - 7 •
Q.   One you noticed had the head
: somewhat knocked in, arid the other
had abrasion on the hands.     Would
you come to the conclusion, on your recollection of what you saw, that that
.' was the tearing off of* the skin, or a
burning of the skin?
.-**    A.   I could not come to.any con-
' elusion as to what, was the cause of
-it.
Q.   Give us your opinion.     Do you
' think it was caused by an explosion, or
by the tearing of the skin? ,
- A.   Iri my opinion I think it was a
* .burn. ; '■ -'
Q. That would be both as to the
hands and to the face?.
A. Well, no; with regard to the
face, that -had-been caused by being
thrown against the rim.   ■
Q.   As regards the hands, you felt
satisfied, in your own mind, at that
time, that it was caused by a burn?   .
7     A.   In my'opinion, of. course.
:     Q. 'You say-that'he'was found on
.   the surface of the coal, this man that
- had tiifi presumed burnt hand?-
A,   Yes;   in  chute  52.
O.. Did  you  notice whether  there
■^-^"as-an*y~coal'~{i?riited"rai^ihHt—parti cur
lar point, any-burning?
A.* No;; nothing burning.   But the
- coal  was ''hot, .- ,*
Q. The coal was hot in chut« 52?
Ar* you i_ a position to tell ub what
degree of heat the coal was in?
A  I am riot in a position.
Q. • So hot that you would not*care
to keep' your hand upon it?
A.   Npt for any length of time; no.
Q. But you did not see any actual
burning? -
*' A' No.**        ,- -V-"
Q. At what particular point, did
ypu find this warm condition of the
coal; between the crosscuts?
A. When I was trying to. get a
road through between the thi"fd and
fourth crosscut to chute 52.
Q.   Did you find any heating of the
coal from the monkey gangway up to
the third crosscut?
'   A.   No.   '
-' Q. Did you go beyond the fourth
crosscut?    ,,' .*..
A.   No; we could not get. up  .="
Q. So that your evidence is this:
that the heating of the. coal was.found
between the, third and the fourth crosscut of chute 52?
A. That is where I found the heating. ,   '  .
Q. And it was between the third
and fourth crosscut that you found'
these men? o *    -
A,   Yes. ; .   ' ,
Q. We have, as to one of the men,
that you noticed his forehead; and.
as to the other, you noticed his hand.
The' third man, did you' notice anything?
A.   No. -
Q.   Not a thing?    ,
A.-*No. ' ., 7
- Q And you are not In a position to
say In what manner two of these
bodies were taken out?
A.   No.
Q., How about the door at 52, In the
main gangway, was that loose enough
so that you could try to get into it?
A. I don't quite follow you, Mr.
Mackie. ■**■ .
Q. Well, the stopping between the
gangway and the. crosscut, not the
door?   ' .       , .   *-■ *
A Between the main gangway and
the crosscut; well, that was all blocked with, coal, etc. *. .
Q.   It was closed tight?
A.  Yes; we could not get through
Q. You could not get through? That
had,been filled up?
A.   Yes.
Q. What portion of,the mine were
you employedfIn?
A   At the top of 56 and 57.
Q. What was the nature of your
employment? -,
A.   Digger.      . '    *     <,
Q. In what way were you excavating coal; from the face or from the
pillar?
A Well, it ,1s up in the surface pillar.        '        ' •'',..
Q. - That Is, the pillars that were
being drawn where in that section?.
■A. No; I was going up into the
solid in the place I was in.
' Q. Do I understand that you were
progressing with the .digging out of
ihe, coal in the seam, or were you
withdrawing the pillars? '   '7
A.   The place went up in the solid.
Q, How was that particular chute
56 as regards gas?,.
A'.   It was clear.
Q.   Did' you test it? '"* "*    '
A .1 tested "it every morning that. I
went in       .  "'   ' ? *
Q.   Were you working in 56 on the
day of the accident?
—A.—Previous"to"tlie~accidentr*
Q   The. same day?"
A   Yes ' ,,.,".
, (To be continued "next week) ■
^kkkAkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkhkkAkAkkkAkitkkkkkkk)ikkkkkkkkkkkkkkk-k**kkk*kk*kkkkkkkkkk^
\Atherton Colliery rT
t***************************************************,***************************
By the time this issue of "Justice"
appears, its leaders will already have
been informed by tbe enterprising can*
tlalist press of all the horrible details
the dismembered bodies, charred remains, the heartbreaking grief of the
relatives, attendant uponthe latest
ghastly tragedy resultant form the operations of an,accursed system of society , .There is, however, one thing
about which they will be universally
silent. (unless when they, do speak
they will lie about it),' and that is,
the probable cause of this terrible
holocaust. ■ '■'.*.* •■
lipmediately ve havetv'e suggestion
eiii!inatively siated to have * beer,
given by the nv.nagirig dir.-*clo>* of the
Hulton Colliery, that the explosion
may have been caused by some reckless miner* striking a match. ; My
father'was. a miner: I myself have
worked in the miner I have endured
the physical and mental anguish experienced by the. miner imprisoned
deep down in thebowels bf the earth,
with a hundred. other ;qf my fellow
workers, waiting hour after hour, uncertain of our ultimate fate. My wife's
earliest experience, after she became
such, was- to share, that silent vigil
of the relatives of imprisoned colliers
staring helplessly at the headgear, anxious, yet fearful, to hear news of their
dear ones below. I have lived my
life amongst miners. I. know thoir
habits well, and, knowing thero, -md
knowing the reputation of the Pretoria pit, I have,not th'e least hesitation in asserting that -the. suggestion
is as cowardly as absurd, and", as.
absurd as absurdity could well be. The
men know well they may be searched
fr,Q_ matches' any morning they ste..-
from the cage.' Woe betide the man
who may have thoughtlessly overlooked, a solitary match lh one of hisopoc-
kets. ; So f,earful and careful are colliers in this respect that I have. seen
them time after time refuse more than
one match, even when returning'from
work, least, forgetting the'extra one;
they might, possibly take it down in
the mine on the morrow.
No; there are many, and much
more likely causes than that, and the
time* has come when the workman
must state'the'truth, and his view of
these fearful happenings.        *_   *■
Our comrade Ben Tillett .will remember* that, speaking with him at Bolton
six weeks ago/after referring to the
South Wales dispute and * inquiring
what the conditions were'that the mon
would ga ba-nc 1o even if they won, I
made the folliwir.ij staiement of tact:
tlir,' within, seven miles of the spot
there, was a coal.mine owned by a col;
lif-vy company tiip.t Imd been *|,an*.:u-
lai.y fortunate in I.s operations. Year,
after' year they* liavo made from- 30
7*»r cent to 10 ijoi* cent., besides pf.y_
angJiuge_boni!ses___tQj.hi_..ir__shareli_old£_cs,
*    °;    "VIVA L'ESERCITO!"
Se itini questo art'colo u.Tivera* alia
,cella del mio valoroso ainico Herve, il
solo titolo gli fai-a dare un balzo.
lo gia lo sonto grldaro nello slan-
cio dolla sun indignnzione: —
Frognono!—B vol pure, o Clprlntnl,
slolo diventiilo militarist.*, dopo esservl
seduto con nol -sul banco degll accusal per dolitti nnllirillltaristl! Vol
cho dn oltro irent'nnnl non scrlvete un
nrtlcolo senza ,1a' nota nntlmilltarlstn
vol qui ad nmmorbnro la inla trlsto
prlglono bol grldo odlbso di—-Viva 1'es-
orollo—All cho ormnl non o da credere
ntonto oa nossiino, Cipriani trndl-
tore? Ah no!' quostn non pnsscra
llflcin, Ncssun riguardo nossun r{s<
potto per clil si sin. ' Al senza pntrln
la cum d'lnchlodnro alia gognn quos-
lo nuovo Gluda dalla barba blancn.
SI, mio caro Horvo. Viva l'osorclto!
vi dlsplnccln o no.
Clio voloto, 'gll avvonlmontl attuali,
como sernpro, Bl sono lncarlcatl dl dl-
moBtnrcl olio talorn nol cl lngannlamo
o clio 1'oHorclto dn nol comlmttuto puo
iivgi'o In ho qualclio cosa dl buono, Ed
o Hot to quest n rlgmirdo cho lo oggl
non vogllo rlcordaro lo buo malvnglta,
siioniiido cho l'occoziono non dlvon*
tora rogola.
In tutti 1 tempi, I govornl d'ognl
pnoHo hnnno Hlrappato n vlvn forza la
par no dol pr-polo, hfinno nsROi'vlto I
prolottirl, por lnnclai'Il tiU'aHBnBlnlo ilol
loro frntolll rlmnull a casa n produrro
qunnto o nocoHHnrlo por 11 mnntonl-
monto doH'oRorclto.
QuoBtu gento Horla dalla classe dol
popolo, Inobrlntn dnlin occozlonnlo felt*
unzlono cho ml osan bI fn o rtlvbnuln
una cnHta lmporllnonlo, groHBolnnn, nr*
rognnto, brulalo, In pnrtlcolnr modo
no' suoi cnpl, I clnlol moHtlorantl dolla
coiponulotw.
A forum dl lottn, dl propaganda oh*
tornn cd Intomn dolln ciiHorma nl (■
rluncltl n dctronlzznro nlqunnlo queal.i
ctiBtn mllltnro od Inmoiitlllroclo cho In
CHf-i v'crn dl brutnln, dl nrroffanto,
d'niitlHorlnlo,
l'oeo n poco olla o ilivrnutn do clio
nvr-Mihp dnvuin onnor sompro — popo
lnro — Vor non pnrlnro r-lto dol no»lrl
Kloinl, (-Ilii,,In wll momuLill rlvnlii*
yloiinrl nltitn qun o In II pnpolo nHIo
KliiHto rlvotir'JIrn/.loiil.
Vi. lt)«ni'im pur rnnv-Milr-n *-*ln» 1« rl
di
mento fraterno per 1 loro fratelll
lavoro.
Tante brutalita e porsecuzlonl crim-
Inose hanno-fatto comprendore nl'val-
orosl rlbelll di doversi moderare, per
conservarsi pronti alio grand! circos-
tanze, in cui.il popolo potrebbe. aver
bisogno del loro soccorso, del loro fu-
clie; quindi si limitano a fare prece-
dentemetite della propaganda nei rang-
hi del loro amid tlmidl od esltantl.
Ormnl dunquo l'osorclto scn!ppa di
nuino nl rlirlgenti; questo formldahllo
punto d'nppogglo so no va, o l'edlflclo
del dlspotlsmo mlnaccla dl rovlnare.
Gll ultiml nvvenlmontl della ' Tur*
clila, quell! del Portognllo cl provano
lumlnosnmonte che nol dobbiamo dlf-
.fondcro In nostra propnganda ncU'esor-
clto che nol abbiamo del giornl da
spornro da osso.
E cosi sarn, slnmono cortl; la fra*
zlono doll'oserclto sompro pronto it
pnttegglnro col rivoluzlonarl, alutora II
popolo a oonqulstnro tutti 1 suo. dlrlt-
to n Hpnzznm I tronl o gll nltnvl, tir-
nndo como a Iilflbonn, bu quolll cho si
OBtlnnrono n combattoro por nuinten-
oro In piedi tuttn quosta combrlccoln
dl blrbnntl clio bI trovnno cohI nl loro
posto fncondo lrinssncrnro gll nltrl,
cloo g'lmbocllll cho b! fnnno uccldoro
por ossl.
Dopo tnntl OBompI, rlpolo, nol dob
blamo faro ogni sforzo por dlffondoro
la propaganda noll'osorclto clio o nostro, o cho domnnl cl naslcurorn ln vlt-
torln, bo nol nnpromo ndopornrcl con
Intolllgonzn, ondo tonorlo pronto nd
una proBBlnin "Herla" rlvnliizlnno.
- 1*1 Boltollnbo oBporoBsamonto ln paro-
lt». Codoatl vnlorosl, nvondo da glo-
enro la vltu, funuino molto bono dl
non flncrlftcnrsl Inutllmonla o dl roBt-
nro In nrml dl fronto niln Bpornnzn,
Da qiiiilclio totnpo hI trovn clio ln
nostra ropubbllca o mnlvngln, Kb-
bono, cho coun nbblHognn? Itlvolu-
zlonnrln.
Allnrclio bI pi'ondonn lo nrml contro
n un roglinc nll'lndomnnl dolln vlttorln
I rlvoluzlonnrl roiio I prlml ml iih-
socondnro gll "nmlcl- conBlgllorl" cho
rncro ninndnnn ill doporre lo nrml,
I'hsI tibbnndnnnno I fucllll liborntori
pf*i* nddnrnili'Kl imirinnrzln. Mn qiinn*
do dopo . iriquo, vontl nnnl nl rlnvcgll*
linn ohh| npprciidnnn clio I loro "nmlcl
connli.llpri," npprofltlniiiln dc! loro
Honnn, linimn riiclto liiHlomn nun ro-
ptililillrn ImHtnnln, oiipreKslvn, Rfrtittn-
Irlro conin II rrnlmo nntorloro clio lm
iihliiitluto n prr'zzn dl tnrtto Hnnguo.
■Prt^nHnrn  nl  ditinn m   rrlilorn   fl  nr.
They-have literally paid cent per cent
A while ago they decided to mine a
new seam.     Instead of sinking a new
shaft, .to save expense thoy cut a tun;
nel 1,900 yards, which brought them to
the new seam.     The ne,>v mine was
opened  out,' and its only ventilation
was" that secured by tapping the air
road of the previously existing mine.
Thirty-eight men were at work there,
and they worked In a literal hell—so
hot, they had to work In an almost
nude condtion; so full of gas at times
they had to fix-their lamps as far as
possible from the coal face and work
In tho faintest glimmer of light.     A
fortnight ago. I said the Government
Inspector had put ln an appenrance,
•accompanied by one of tho bfflclals.
"Till-, is tho placo I nm looking for,"
lie observed, nt the same tlmo pulling' n
lottor frorh his pockot, thus Intimating to tlio management that ho was
thoro  as tlio result of a  complaint
from ono'of tho mon.   . Ho oxnmlncd
tlio placo and found gas present.    ITo
i-|iie:Uioncd tho mon as to whothor tlioy
Iuul found gaB whon thoy wont In tlio
morning.     Tlioy nil, with ono exception, dented that such was. tho caso,
Ono-man, howovor, n young drawer,
admitted to.tho inspector,.thnt ho hnd
honrd tho men that morning discussing tho prosonco of gas ln tho ploco,
TIiIh lead to a general ndmlsslon thnt
bucIi wns tho enflb.     Whon tho flro*
mnn's ropoi;t book wiih examined, no
roport of gns had boon mndo.    Questioned na to whether tho underground
mnnngor hnd beon through tho plnco,
tho mon nil donlcd that ho hnd. Thoir
memories convonlonUy fnllod    thorn,
(You will boo why In n momont.)   Tho
flromnn wns Immodlntoly   dlBchnrgod
nnd Informed nt tlio muno tlmo that ho
nnd probably tlio managomont would
bo pronocutod.
Tho visit, of tho Inspector was re*
pontod a day or two lator, this tlmo
nccompnnlod by tho Senior TnHpoctor,
As n result of tliolr Inspection, ordera
woro glvon for tlio Imnr.cdlato cloning
of tho worklngB, IIiub justifying h ..
moBt ompliatln mannor tho lottor of
complaint. Tho lottor wna nn nnouy
iMfiiis ono Dosplfe l*« torrlblo .ItiHtl*
flcntlon. I vontm-od to nnnort nt Hoi-
inn (lint tf tho Idomltv of tho wilier
<-rinlil ho icvcn'-vl, ho would find It
I'uroBHlblo to <*btn'n t\ ,1oli pkIipi* nt
tliln mlno or nnywlio-'O oNo In Iho district,
It Is nix woohn slnco I nimio Hint
Htntnmnnt, Now mnrk lho Boquol.
All tlio mon, With tho oxropllon of
tlio nun, IiIh rod nnd IiIh ni*i»n In
wlinurt plnco gnu wnH fniinil, iinl who
stoutly ninlntnlnod boforo tho innnngo*
.-.ion    fl.nl   Ito   ImrX   *|iri«i'lnii*»1v   fnniul
place not two miles from the Pretoria, and in the same Haigh Yard
Seam. Public have a right to know
from the Inspector why the firm have
not been prosecuted. It is ppsslble
that a prosecution in this case,would
haye prevented the terrible happening
of Wednesday week.
Here you have the explanation why
the men are silent, even when working literally in the jaws of hell. To
speak is tb be debarred from working
and, bad as it is, down below. lies
bread for themselves and their dependants. " That is why the worst evidence that mighb have been brought
was not forthcoming at the Maypole
Inquiry. I.have no doubt the same
thing has obtained at Whitehaven."
If an outsider dares to speak, as in
my own case; they have a ready means
of dishing him by ruining him in the
Bankruptcy Court: The time has
come, however when whatever tho consequences, the truth must be told.-
Twice now within three years have
I stood. for hours on the pit hill
amidst the heartbreaking anguish of
the relatives of men and boys doomed
in the mine below. .. Two years and
four months ago it was the Maypole,
now.it is the Pretoria! The mines
are about four miles, apart. The Maypole is between Leigh and Wigan. The
Pretoria is situated between Leigh
and Bolton, abolt half a mile to the
north of Atherton Central Station,'on
the fast. L.: and, Y.llne between Manchester arid Blackpool. My home is
abo,ut two miles from the scene of
the disaster. When the news was
carried through-the village-on Wednesday morrilng, I, with hundreds of
others, hurried off to the mine. On
the. way I met scores of men with
faces blanched, even under the black
grime, who had made their escape from
the Arley Mine.'.' At the Pretoria they
were working the Arley, the Trench-
erbone, and the Haigh Yard seams.
The Arley and' the Haigh' Yard mines
are connected by a tunnnel. When
I arrived about ten o'clock they were
still'slowly winding with one "cage the
men from the Arley. Thousands -, of
people had'collected, and never shall
I forget .the scene.
The Maypole was bad. , This was
ten times .worse. , Eight hundred men
were employed here, and whilst every
body seemed to fully realize that the
situation was serious, yet everyone
was eagerly hoping that-their, own
loved ones would escape. The scenes
to be' witnessed as the liberated men
left the pit.hill were touching.In the
extreme'. One or two,will suffice to
give ari idea of what was happening.
As the men left- tlie cage, many of
them rocked and reeled 'as though
drunken. Relatives would recognize
them-before, they had gone'far, - and
in some cases help them along. ..In
others, so overcome would be a wife
or a mother .that the "minerI despite
his own condition, had to give them
his' assistance.      I saw a young.girl
to'
of about osixteen. . - She had ..run
meet her father -who had just come
up. Her joy, bordering on hysteria,
was pitiful to see. Utterly unconscious of what was going on around her,
she laughed and cried alternately;' she
clung to him and stroked hlm as she
.would have done a pet cat; she eagerly inquired about her brother, who
the father assured her was safe,'but
faced woman. As she. was passing
she recognized my friend. He seemed as though he would have been glad
to pass her by.
Bill, Bill," she shouted, . "has our
Dan gettin' out yet?'
"None yet," Bill replied, looking
round  without  stopping.
"He will do, waln't he?' she fearfully asked.
"Oh, aye; oh aye," was the brief reply as he trudged on. As we tnrned
again he sighed. I looked at him.
A tear had stolen down his cheek.
He'll ne'er come, out again, mon.
Not one who was actually In th-j
mine has' escaped. -I am told 357
lamps were given out that morning.
Of all those men and boys only one
has escaped. He, a youth of 17, was
working In the tunnel... . A ghastly reflection upon . existing conditions is
the fact that the first corpse found
was that of a, child 13 years of age.
.'Socialism," says our opponents,
"would' part a mother from her offspring."
Amid such a mass of human misery,
where all is woe and anguish, it is
somewhat difficult, to differentiate.
Still, had as they all are, some cases
do seem .worse than others. Amongst the many, sports that the miner
follows wholeheartedly in his leisure
is swimming. .The Tyldesley Polo
Team have won the Bolton and District Championship. this year. One
of the most prominent, young men of
the team, Joseph Darlington, is amongst the victims. His young wife
is overwhelmed with grief." She has
lost- husband, father and two brothers. Bad as her case is, her mother's is even worse. Her mother,
poor soul, has lost husband, two sons,
two brotliers and a Bon-ln-law.   , ,
Such ,is the workers', tribute ' to
capitalist methods of production. And
all for -a mere wretched, pittance.
The same awful story about the miserable earnings' of the men told by
our.South Wales comrades could be
unfolded here. Three and four shil-
l;ngs a daycare common. I have heard
of one man dead now in the mine,
who on" the last pay day had 7s to
take home for five turns.
I am satisfied they could get men
to work iri hell if they offered Gs. a
flr.y.
The fnen knew quite well the mio
they were taking. Already, at the
formal opening of the , inquest,' relatives are. testifying to complaints
of gas from the men and their fear
of a, blow-up. It is just a repetition, on a'larger scale, of what happened, at the-Maypole. The place
has been a lltteral gasometer. Apologists are saying the pit was regarded
as c-u'e of the safest in England. It is
a lie. Men employed there had to
constantly lose time „ through their
places, being' gassed. ■' Despite „ the
fiery character bf the mine, coal cutting machines had been introduced.
They are-driven by electricity carried
■by-cable—fronr'tlle surface! WTtn*
loose, flexible wires the current is carried to the machine at the coal-face.
With constant falls and^ a fiery mine
tho electric current is a much more
likely cause of explosion than the suggested match.   . ,
We shall be able to notice with considerable Interest -what the Inquest reveals.
The report books,  when , they are
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"HELP"
pay money to white labor
FERNIE STEAM LAUNDRY
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Do you save? „
A time will come when your financial resources will be strained to meet
some unexpected demand, Will you
have to suffer.the consequences, or
will you be in a position to turn to
your bank account for aid?
Deposit your savings in the Bank of
Hamilton now, and when the day of
emergency comes you will be prepared.
LAWRY, Agent,
FERNIE
'-'i*i-'l'_'ii<
was tarrying down a bit.    I have Won--,,,   , , ,, _
dercd many, times since whether the | ^"^..^r^tf^^li"^?..01:^^10 .aV0Ut
man  was* telling hor the literal
old
truth
Whilst I was watching this two
young men, wero passing us who had
just come up, Ono of them recognized a woman standing with several others alongside me. He stepped aside
and quietly Informed her thnt hor husband had come out on the same' rope
as himself and wns 'leaving the pit
on tho bottom rond. Sho ran down
tho ombankmont. It wns n marvel
she did not fall. She renchod iho
bottom just In tlmo to Intorcopt him
coming undor tho bridgo, Ho was a
big, hurley minor, nml waB reeling
nlong without coat or vest or cnp.
".Tlm, .Tim!" sho scronmod as sho ran.
ITo looked, nnd hnd just tlmo to realise whon bIio fell ln n honp nt IiIb
feet. Ho had to pick hor up, nnd ho
nnd nnotlior Iod hor nlong, FrlondB
cnmo out from n cottngo nnd Invited
thom In. I watched Jlm afterwards
whon ho loft thnt cottngo, whoro ho
hnd boon provldod with nn overcoat
nnd cnp, hnlf-cnrrylng . his prostrate
wlfo down tho Inno townrds homo,
Tonm woro In tho oyos of mnny who
nt olhor tlmon would hnvo hoon ash*
nmod to lot nnyono roo thom thoro.
I caught tho bodlmmod gnzo of a bit tor
old opponent of tho movement,
"Ayo, Ind," ho nnld linlf-npolrtutotlcnl*
ly, "If'thoy'd nobbot knock off Hioro
dnmnod mining royalties nnd Hpond
n bit moro on t' snfoty o' t' mpn,"
"Nny, Willinm,' I nnld, "suroly you
know thero nro no mining roynltloH
horo, Yon know tho inlnoowner Is
tho roynlly owner, tool"
Ilo nodded nnd wnlkod nwny.
Mennwhllo, It hnd now beromo well
undnrHlood thnt lho oxploslon hnd nc
ciirrod In tho Ynrd mlno, nnd over.
A dollar,in the bank is worth two in. the,pocket. Money
carried in'the pocket is likely to be carelessly spent. At any*
rate your pocket does not pay'interest'on the money it carries.
The Home Bank pays full compound interest on Savings De'
posits of one dollar* or more. No formality about opening an
account, and no delay iu making -withdrawals.        ' *
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie
the condition of the mine on thnt fate
fill morning., A great deal sometimes
depends,upon who reaches the underground office first. Unfortunately,
most of tho men who could have spoken most effectively nre now silent for
ever—murdered. If ever men were
dono to deatli, in this world of our
masters,*
At Inst, however, the pntlonco of tho
minor has boon strained almost to
breaking point. Men ovory whoro nro
nt Inst tolling onch other tho truth,
Socialists, moro particularly those who
llvo* nnd work nmongst tho minors,
must rnm homo tho moral—Prlvnto
Proporty In Mines means Prlvnto Proporly In T-Iiimnn Lives, with nil tlio
nwful consequences exemplified in the
slnughtors of tho Mnypolo, Whltoluivcn
nnd Protorln holocaust.
The m'no ownor. Squlro Hulton, Ib
tho llnonl descendant of the Squlro
Hulton, who, nearly 100 yonrs ngo, ordered tho troops to flro on tho pooplo
nt Petorlno,, In nnolhor way tho pro-
sent Rqtilro In keoplng up tho fnmlly
reputation.
With tlio doopor boiuiis, nnd tho
rapid Introduction of conl cutting mn.
chlnery, tho risk ondurod hy tho minor Ib becoming grontor nnd grentor,
Ovor 11,000 moro minora woro roi-Iouh-
ly Injured In 100fl thnn wiih tho ciibo
In 1008,
Ono out of ovory hIx omployod In
mlnoR Ib olfhnr klllod or Injured In tho
courBO of tlio yonr.
Surely a rcnll/ntlon of nil this must
Rpcodlly forco tho workors tnf hop
Unit In Soclnl nomocracy Hoh tho'r
only hope.—Albort I.ooh, In ".IuhIIco."
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH   AT  HOSMER,   B.C,
<»a»
Nowhere
found
In the Pass can be
SUCH A DISPLAY
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry, Butter,
Egos, Fish, "Imperntor Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Snuer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Beer
and
Porter
Goods a Specialty
o
o
s
0
0
i
0	
| Bottled Goo
tmmmmbVeym
60  YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Dcsionh
CoPYmaHTB Ac
qmcklf AKoruin nur opinion froe whutlior wi
Inrenllnn li proh»blf Bjwmftbift.Cfiniiniiiilai.
noiiiiirlct|ywnDrtonll*U."|IANDBOOIloi,l'»tfii'J
font froo, (Jldeit atteittir tit »-*cur!n<r ti«.*mu.
I'aiitnii Ukan tr-routf.) ilurm i Co, roovlfi
tpttdl nollt*, without eh«ri.o, lutba
Scientific American.
i
'.uiaai,
j   iimnwn,  _ .v,:.,J.     I-AIKlUlt ClT"
iIIud of any iclomitlo Jouriml.   Turin**, for
*     Ua ft you*, puitiwu iirupalil.   Hula by
Ahiti_oaiolr llluMrMtxl wuokly,
tiiUiioD of  -'
I'MLtAX. X.L,
ll nownti-alon.
mtm y eu WMbiuvmn,)!. a
List of Locals District 18
PRE8ENT POLICY OF THS
POWERS AN  INSANE ONH
NO.
20
•181
IIM
2IM
1 of llio world.   It Ih Hwonjiliij? on to dos-'  mo
Itriicllnn,     Tlw clvlllzoil rniiiitrlr-it nr«* | i*T!7S
"Tlioro Ih iinMiini*. CmiM live ; hpfiuH-tu,- niiniirilly fa.ji.'.o.fifm nfift ti|irm j ^
Vnnl/ lio Hold, "nnd thoro nro ovor >'«'"••■*• -•''•'■-''■ '""* *"•«•» ■"■ lix**'■•*■•.<• of."-"
' --' -  Tli******** I M"«
ono wn« HpooulntlnR ur tn wlml  tlio t    _       ,
tnto nt Dw nif-n would bo thoro. Von*! r>,Brlm* "wRf-onl, inrmlior nf tlio
tllntlon whh ontlroly Htnpppil ollior MiikMhIi IIoiiho of J.ordH,iHp.**nl_lim of
llinn wlml oould lm mndo by Hlowly ,«nr pri-piuiitlniiH, hiiIiI: "It Ih iiii In-
wof-kliiR tlio rn«0H up nml down iih fur | wm" "»d mud lonipftltlim in iiriiiii-
iih they coiilil _-•--( Hi oni. iiii out h l'--(*.v_'_<ii tin. vmiIihih rimiitil.-t*.
I ciiMHtlniiPil ntH> of tlio mliiprn' nf
flflfiln,     Ilo mournfully   hIiooI-*   Ms
bond.
In tbo nlr tbnlH   rntnln.** up from tlin 'Mincblii'-ry of dcMlriirtlon.'   In lw. my j
r.f'0 .iim-. fin-l l-invo ilnxno " * ftlft.OOfi ftllfi .Mi*!    |m»i*    milium
vi'lslonl Io qimll Jinnno nvuto ilalM | Inro, n protontnro « n tnnlodlni Itt hi-Ikbr llioro, lmvo boon found work ln|   I lurnod nwny from tbo nlflconlnir; tlvuran nro iippiilinif.     Tlmy liidlcntn i 2*77
Corroded by Dlnlrlct Soi-rotm y up to Nov-'iiilmr 10, 1010,
NAME SEC. AND P. O. ADDRESS.
llnnlibcnd  ....    !■*. Wlifutb-y, Uniiltlmnd Altn.
llonvor Creole  .. W. WntRcm, H«'«v«t Cn-ck, vin Plnclmr.
Hcllc-vnc    I. llu*..*". I»"ll'**i<i«. KinnU, Aim.
Illiilriuori* inmi.f Tiirnlmll,  iMnlmmri', Alb* .in.
IlnrmlH     Tlmtuns (IroRory. MuniiU. AKn.
Cnnniorv   I- N'f'H. i"nimi''i*'*. AUn.
Colfitiiin     W. (.laliiini, Cnl-t-iiiuii, Alln.
Carlioiulnlo   '*.   M.   Uiuli'u,   Ciirboiiilulf.  Colt'innn. Alln.
Tnrdlff     I; IhnkitiH. -"tir-llff, .Vltn.
fnrbln     H. .iliiii.-H, Cnrliln. II. C
iuro |..irU' /I'HtJixito   duimo   Heinpui
Irl-nnfalo.
I/lntnrln o plonn dl fstll compro-
vnntl tnle mul nnnorzlono,
In toll mul, non 0 II popolo clio urldn
nl trnrtlm^to, niln Wlo-nln. Tnt» brnml
-luelll cho hnnno blsofino doU'oncridto
per dlfondere la loro projirlfiU o la
loro pntrln rho 0 utatft por omil cohI
bnona mndro e coal crudelo per I Uvo-
ratorl.
K al romprendo bonoUalmo cho cod-
•ontl prepotontl dovovano fabbrlcaro
dollo forocl lcffRl Itnplacablll contro
coloro clie mbano aotlo lo arml 11 loro
raratiero rWicbo. io »nlrilo di liherl rit-
tadlnt omantl dolla civllta cd (I «*ntl-
pubbllcn, mn o iroppo tardi.
I tbo otlinr in men.     Tbo comimny ro-|W|n*.*tiu-|(*, und notlcliiK n frlcml who
t'e nl rontrarlo dopo. ta vlttorln, chbI Hiho to ro-cn-BaKO theso men, and t.cl
tnvttro rlmr.«,l •mln-noc'iMl tamo pri- > up Dx*> cowardly Aetet.ee by Iholr c«n-
mn r* durnnto In bnttnglln, ao avoaanro durt thnt If rnon Imd found una pro-
mnndnto a pleco I loro "nmlcl cotul
nlt'ifl"    t\,t     r,yr,*nr,,t\    nMitTtitrifilt n    If**
nrml aoltanto dopo In complotn vlttorln. cloo dopo nvor oltcnuto tutlo
cio cho II avcrn Indnttl n rlbcllnral 0
combnttcro, nol non unrommo ul punto
In cut al trovlnmo orkIiII n malodlro
la ropubbllca Invece del falal ropub-
MIrani. QiiprII aono I vcrl colpovoll
0 non Ia ropubbllca cho nol non. ab-
b'amo mal a vnlo o.nnna ta nnxtra In-
Rent It whh tliolr biiRlncHft, under tlm
r\,if..r, . ..s.i     r\*    ,t,r.     \ttr,r,n       Xtnmiiltinn
bad JiiHt conn' up from the Arley. I
ntnrtod off to walk home with htm.
Wo mot tlionnnnda more burryliic up
tn tbo mine.     WIvor nnd  motbnrH,
r.,t„r.,:i'   nttl.tr.t,-        n. r-l ....       ,	
Act, to immediately report It.    If tlio win«a cnrryliiK lliolr brontlilnK nppiuu
flrcmnn dnr«l nol roporr, l» K ob**lona lull.    Aa wa walked along. I .-.uoHtlon
why tho men did not,    Nobody bna ed my friend
hoon proaocutod.    Tho diachargod flro
man haa.alriee taken'n hurried depnr-
luro (0 Aroorlca,    It would bo Inter-
tt-Dni* to learn who haa aaalflled blm
away.
-"h*** exploalon al iho Tretorln pit bni
corrc-rxltitin  bt*»tlallt«.--Arnllriiro  Cl-itaW'-n ilaco In tbo Halith Ynrd Minn
prlanl. jHIat I have detcribed abovo took
till'   UlU'l   lit ,U(i*.'^nli'-»-v  lit   I il|l|(ailnlll, , oj-jj
Xcfii fblflliiig wlillc Home Inn in-.1
Hltowwl moro heart fhnn ihe modern
mnsterH nf IndiiHtry. SoclnllRta <ip-
poHo wnr.    Thoy oppoho prepnrntlona
fnr   -tinr       Tlto  \i*rtrVer>.   Imvi.   r-vi-rv.
tliliiK to Joko nml iioiIiIiik to iuiIii by
wsr.     It U tbo product* of their loll
tlmt  will be destroyed.     '•  1h "'"',r
"Tlld you hear tha cxploalon?"        ilives tlmt will be aacrlflce-l.     Tbey
'".Vo," lm anld. "wo dliln'l yor It inn* "food for powdor."    The 80HnlUI
Ilut wo felt It, mon.     It were ,n»nt n -pnrty 1« tho only pnrty thnt U Irrovo-
inlxhty piiah.     Kverybody knew whnt U-.-iblv pledged niralnut wnr. Other pnr*
It were.    Men woro running In aw dlr*, Den   Kcpubllcnn. Democratic. Liberal
ectlona,    Wo could 1*11. too, na *' fnn ' or  ''oriRc-rvatlve—nre  enpltnllut,  and
hnrt atoppeil' ■ enpiwllam  must   hnve  wnr  or Me,--
,\m wo walked nlonit wo >iiet a white ;('hl<ni;o Dally fioclnllm.
2*11.8
23H
1203
ior.H]
r.'M
12*1:1
2S20
2.1.11
23r,2
2r,«9
103
lll-Vl
H
ttteteeet
Chnrlea Orbnn, Dlnmond City,    l*ibrldK«.
M. Honlc,  l?.l  l-orne Mreot, Norwood, IMmonton,
lleoa, rernle, H, C.
Nicol, Krnnk, Aim.
...       It       .        ..      !>      f
1.. .lone*, Illllf-nxt, Altn.
Moore,    P.O.    Uox    113,   Loth bridge.
I.. Kvana. Mile, r'rank. Altn. '!
(llldny,. Maple  l^enf,  Ilellevue. Alta.
Iturrell, MLh'-l, It. C.
Jnn. Davla, Pnssburi?, Alberta,
Jami'M McKlnley. Hoyul Colliery, Uthbfldge, Alta.
Talier   Willinm ItiiH«eII. Tuber, Alta.
'iatipr       K. hrown. Tnher, Ali».
Monarch  Mine,  ,   J, C. HiiBhcR. Ta>'-r, Alt^ria.
Dlnmond City
Edmonton   ..
Kernio
Frnnk	
Illllcreat ..
(.cthbrldRo
Ulio  	
Mnplo I.cnf
Michel ....
Pnnaburff .
ltoyal Colllorlea
I).
(I.
J
li.
W.
M.
M. PAGE EIGHT
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, PERNIE, B, 0.. JANUARY 21, 1911.
BRITISH COAL
MINERS ARE
ANGRY
a —^*
Working Hours and Wage
Conditions. Cause
of Trouble
- LONDON—On July-1, 1909,'ia law
became effective fixing the hours as to
the length of a working' day in the
British coal mines.-
' And ever since that date there has
been trouble wherever* coal Is dug
throughout the*. length and breadth of
Great Britain. So persistent and widespread have the strikes and lockouts
been that it Is. estimated the country's
coal production has been reduced 25
per cent. ' Naturally all kinds of industry have suffered severely.
' The bulk of public opinion has been
favorable to the mine owners during all
this fighting. For one thing, it is
argued that the- miners are not dissatisfied for,any partlcultr reason—
,that they are quarrelsome out of "pure
'■cuflsedness.". And if Is true that they
have not set forth their side of the
case very logically. Also, the average
Englishman is a property-worshipping
Individual, who feels that in a dispute
between a group which has property
and a group which has none the propertied group must have the .right of It.
Finally, it is pointed out tliat so long
as the owners were allowed to work
their men as "many hours out of the
24 as they chose, there was no serious
friction, while the very moment the
Eight HourB "Act became effective
trouble started', "Give the British workingman an inch." observes the average
Englishman, " and he'll take a mile-
It was a mi$take' to pass even the
Eight Hours Act., ' For heaven's sake
don't make any further concessions, or
nobody knows'^ what'll happen."
It is true that the men had been demanding the Eight Hour Act for a long
time. They had not complained much
concerning their pay, but they did complain that they were worked outrageously long hours. •
, It is true, to, that the operators opposed the law as strenuously as their
men' worked for it; They have not
really suffered by it. Indeed, they have
probably profited, for they increased
the price of coal more than' enough to
make up for any loss they sustained
through the decrease in the number of
their employees' working,hours. But
they took the attitude, when the law
the noise of- the machines and - the
huge volumes of dust they create, tliey
•re unable to notice the warnings given
by insecure roofs and are consequently
much more likely to be crushed when,
the roofs fall in. The majority of the
miners says "they would be willing* to
accept the increased risks for increased pay, but in view'of "the fact that
the operators' manipulations have.reduced their wages by about 32 cents
daily on an average since the Eight
Hour Act became effective, they think
they are being badly treated.
It is conceded. that proportion of
victims of accidents .to the number of
men employed is rather high at present
in the lower Duffryn and Lletty Shen-
kin workings, but to show how high it
is everywhere, there are definite Board
of trade figures to the effect .that of
the 204,981 men and boys employed in
the" South Wales coalfields last year,
334 were killed outright,"' and '37,374
were badly injured. In. other words
of every 4,000 employed, seven were
killed and 730 injured.'
The total number of killed in British
coal mines last,year including South
Wales and other localities, was'•■more
than 100.
In one res'pect the miner who, loses
his life at his work is more fortunate
than the one who is only injured:- The
British law is very strict in requiring
compensation to' the families of employees who are killed or to employees
themselves who-are injured in'.their'
services. No question of contributory
negligence on the employees' part or
of fellow-servants carelessness are allowed to enter Into the controversy.
If the employee is killed or injured,
the employer must furnish compensation regardless of explanations.- , The
law provides, too, that in the event of
an unsuccessful resistance by the employer of an employee's claim tbe former must pay the costs of the action and
.Widow or none but very young children,
the employee's lawyer fees. Nor are
appeals allowed to delay the final,decision more than a.few weeks.
So lt seems as If the Injured miner
were.tolerably .well protected. As a
matter of, fact he receives compensation If he .insists on having it, but
from that time forward, though he may
have recovered completely, it is either
Impossible for him to find employment
at all in,a British mine or he is given
work at much lower pay than before.
This makes the miners very chary of
demanding recompense for their injuries, and in.a' large proportion'of
cases no such claims are ever- made
at all.
Upon the family of a miner,who is
killed outright the employer may or
may not be able to exert a similar influence. If the man leaves only a
it is often impossible for the mine owner to escape. If, however, he leaves
sons or other near relatives also in ihe
service of the owner or of his business
allies, it is an ■ extremely ■ dangerous
thing for the damages to be pressed.-.
Concessions Inevitable_,
The miners themselves are perfectly
aware •."hy they are discontented* but
the difficulty with their case is that it
requires too much explanation to make
LOCAL ITEMS
Blue noses in Nova Scotia—Tuesday
thermometer" registered 22 [ below in
Halifax.—"From Hull, and * Halifax,
Good-Lord'Deliver, us! .
W, R. TravCi-s, former .'general nfana-
ger of the Farmers Bank and one of
its wreckers, .was sentenced .by, Magjs--
trate Denison to six'years in the penitentiary. ' " -   "'  '
■j,Ve are pleased to, see I. E. Covert
walking around again after a painful^
illness. He was threatened' with ap-'
pendicitis, but medical skill was. called' in good time. *
Mr. R. Thompson registered at the
Waldorf from Winnipeg, succeeds M.
Hanna in the. Bank of Hamilton, trans:
ferred to another branch of the same
institution on the prairie. '•'-.".
,. Mrs. E Todd returned from her Eastern, trip .this week, and will, now be
pleased to meet her many friends and
patrons, to show them her large and
well assorted. stock of all the latest
creations of millinery art.
Colonel Mackay, of the Great Northern Railway staff, has been appointed
organizer for the Imperial Veterans Association of Canada. _ We are informed that a branch of the association is
to be organized in Fernie in the near
future.
At the annual meeting, of.the fruit
growers' association of Creston, D. S.
Tlmmons was elected .president, J.
Bllnco,* secretary-treasyrer, and A.
Llndley. was re-elected 'as salesman
and highly complimented on the splendid showing he had made In that capacity. --''" .-'•_.
A special meeting of the City Coun-
clll will, be heldoon Monday evening
next, in tho City Hall, at 8 p.m.
After that date tho regular meetings
of the Council will take place on the
second and fourth Thursdays In oach
month, commencing Thursday, Jan.
26th.
Mr. Finlayson of the Home Bank
received the sad news by cable this
wek of the sudden death of his father
Mr. Gilbert Finlayson, tea planter, Sl-
wan, Bengal, India. The deceased
gentleman was 55 years of age,and
leaves four children to mourn his loss.
Two of the boys are In Canada, and
the-daughter and one son resides in
Edinburgh, Scotland.
On Sunday, last a young Greek named Oikch, who had been brought in
from Elko suffering with frost bites,
presumably the result of haying celebrated his New Year (Jan. i3) somewhat extravagantly, escaped from the
hospital wearing nothing but a night
robe and one sock. . A hue' and cry
was started in search, but it was seye.
ral hours before he was discovered on
the top  of the coke ovens.
.1 '
was proposed  that it would decrease: l... _. g dear tQ thfl al     b_
wages     Having made this prediction, 1!c.    Arot£emlnerB overworked?   No
OFFICIAL   COUNT
tliere is no sort of, doubt that, they
-have, .strained—themselves—to_the _..ut__
most to prove it an accurate one.
„  That's   at  the   bottom   of   all   the
trouble in the British coal mines. ,
Operators"   Case ,-
Now, how did the operators set to
work out their case? Very cleverly.
They did not like to resort to direct
cuts in wages. There is a concrete rea
son for a strike against wage reduction. ■■ It is a thing the public can understand, and even In property-worshipping England the public recognizes it
as a legitimate grievance.
To start with, there are certain sorts
of what is technically called.."dead
work" ln coal mines—work, that is lo
say, not directly connected with tho
production of coal, but necessary to the
operations of the mines—for which tho
men used to bo paid, but which thoy
nre now roqulred to do for nothing.
Then the "firewood prlvllogo" was
withdrawn. Until the Eight Hours Act
became effective it wns tlio custom io
nllow tho men to tako waslo timber
homo for firewood. From the standpoint of nn Amerlcnn worklnRinnn's income It did not nmount to much, but
from tho, alnndpoint of an income of
fr>,7r> n week it amounted to a good
donl.
Next (iroso the question of "abnor-
mnl plncoH." TIiIh menus tho men on-
gngeil nt work which yloldod thorn u
great ileal less.1 Ono enso Ih cited In
llio South Wnlos conl country of n skilled worker, who, nfter (.lovon shlflH
found hlmsolf 20 conts out of pockot
bocniiRO he hnd to pay his boy helper.
In the sume m'tin nro 300 mon, who'io
wngoH,varied from 11 1-2 cont.fi n day
to flfl contH. Kvon In Grent llrltnln—
lnw uk living oxpeiiKi-s nre supposed to
bo nml ronlly nro not—DC cents u dny
Ih iiiKUf.lclui'i fur u man um! wuinim to
llvo on, not to npr-iik of cblldron. And
11 1-2 cents Is simply rldlciilniiH,
In tbo munn mlno a number oi*1 oilier
canon of day wiiuch' were:
Ono mnn rocolvod 7 1*2 coiiIk dnlly.
M'Klit men rocolvod 21 to IS* ooih-i
dally.
Thirty threo mon rocolvod IS to (50
contH dnlly.
Forty-nix men received 00' to 72 contu
dnlly.
Ono hundred nnd foity-nlno men received 72 coiiIh to flf. renin dully.
Fifty men rocolvod 9U contH lo $1.08
dnlly,
Til<oe flj.-.m-r-'* llinl Dw proportion of
men who received t horn nro vory fnlrly
roiinmenlfiil*. .* nf thu oiillio Houth
WhIoh conntry.
Willi tlic*,*io xx'iLHon bttliiK lml-il 'o min
on Dw operators aro not d'llni? lindly
ut nil In n fliiniielnl wny. Tim I'.iwrll
Duffryn romimny,   wblcb    pnyo , tbo
nilhl'>,  JUJil   11,, illLlll,fll, IU'll-V..   »..   . -a.   |'l I
r ent    dl" Mmm! lti'-t  vrnr
the provisions of-he-Eiglit Hours Act
_--_==—.!._ -XI _.__„  J TT- . __.__._,_
dl e      &L_ llJLI-*.-uuaci >CUi nave ilcii-
wages been cut? No, there has not
beon any' actual cut, though' ihey are
earning less than before.
Then, if the working day Is not uh-
rennorably long and wages have not
been reduced, the public wants to know
what arc the men conclnuailv strowj.
injf nbout? The owners are prt.r, pt
with an ansewer—tho men are ki-owT-
ing because they aro chronic malcontents, nnd for no other reason., And
because this explanation Is simpler
(hnn the one the miners offor and can
bo grasped easily by the average Briton's somewhat primitive intelligence,
it is the one the English 'public has
generally accepted.
' At the same timo, It looks ns If the
ownors would havo, to mnko some concessions in tho end. Otherwise starvation and mlno nccldenls will exterminate tho workors boforo long and
tho owners couldn't stnnd thai—thoy
nood enough loft to go on piling up profits Tor thom,—Charles P. Stewart ln
Vancouver World.
>  The following is the,official return
of the* vote cast in the municipal elections: '        ■  -''
For Mayor—
A. W. Bleasdell r 141
Thos. Beck .. ^ 127
* Spoiled • •     6
For Aldermen—
j. L. Mclntyre .'   .... 205
Sam Graham    .*  198
J. W. Robertson 174
Wm. Robichaud 133
S..F, Wallace     .... 132
John Podbielaucik.. ..* 125
P. Carosella 115
Walter Hunnable **. 106
Spoiled ballots    11
The first six named are elected alder
men for tho year 1011. ,
For
R
OPENING  SESSION  OF THE
NEW CITY COUNCIL
School  Trustees— ' ,'*'
Dudloy 153
G. G. Henderson 133
G. L. Pedlar  127
W. S. Stanley .... ' 117
G. S. Crossman    80
G. C. Egg    85
Spoiled Ballots    17
The first, three-named aro elected
as School Trustees for tho yoar 1911.
HOCKEY
On Mondny night, tho Mth, tho recently elected civic admlnlHlrntlon
mndo their debut In tho council chnm-
liors.   ,.,„
Mayor Illonsdoll occupied his official Htntloii, whilo tho nldormoi. Hat
In their roHportlvo chairs ns perfectly nt eriKO an though to ,tho "manor
born." Aflor tho usual prollmlnarles
had been Indulged In the following
standing committees woro appointed:
Ilonlth nnd Relief—Snm Grnlinm nnd
.lohn Podb'eliuiclk.
1'iiiiinco—S. 1*\ Wnllnco npd Jnmes
ItobertHon.
Works nnd Proporty—J, Melntyre
nnd W. Roblclinlud.
I>\ W. nnd h.--,l. Kobortfion und S.
fi nihn ni.
It wiih decided thnt tho regular mooting night h Hhould bo tbo Snd nnd -Uh
ThiirHdnyH.
A vory InlnroHtlng dlRcusRlon took
plnco rognrdltiB tho Import unco of
taking Immodlnto ru'llnn In regard to
tlm clciii'liig nwny of llio hiiow nlong
tho i-ondH nnd Htreotn In order to mnko
tli_ in pnHHuhlo, Tlio ontlrt! body Iuul
HornotlilnR lo «ay on Hit*. Hiibjoct,, bin.
tbo two oxperiH-nn lho Hiibjoct, Mohhi'h
Mi'lAityi't nml Itoblcbnud, gnvu muiio
very vnlunblo inforniniloii bow to pro
Tn a rlp-ronrlng hockey gnmo last
night nt. Pernio, Crnnbrook proved victorious by Iho lobsldcd Rcoro of 7—2.
The gnmo waH free from nny roiighnofth
nnd a fair exhibition wiih hnndod out.
Looking bnck to tho other games played In this burgh,, wo would' Bny sovo-
ral were troubled with cold foot; or j
in other wordH, nfrnld of tlioir physiognomy coming In contnet with the
elusive puck. Crnnbrook now load
for tlio cup, Jimmy Miller handled
the wlilstlo mul proved to bo n good
roforoo. ,
I. O. O. F., No. 47
Work for tho yonr 1011 Is off to n j
good stnrt, nnd promises,, to bo n re* ■
cord-breaker.   Threo ciuidlditlcH were ,
glvon Uto second dogreo on Wodncs*
dny night, und at. Innt. reports woro j
nblo to Hit mi and tnko norno nourish-
mont.     Tho nowly Installed offlcors
broko Iooko on this occasion by providing coffoo, cnlco nnd BniidwIcheH, which
woro  much  enjoyed. '   Bros, J.  \V.
Robertson nnd O. S. MorrlH gnvo tbo
Ini osi. exhibition of tlio "hobble skirt
dunce.'
! WANTED
WA\Tl-:i>~M.n„ duly qualified  to
;;;. g e;. .;;; ^iiooi;;;,;;;_. ,1"-^ >•■ **«*• ^t
oni oxporlenco-tho lumber woods. It  "■■■«   , J1'11"" *?"•*n *"ACT
wiih ,1'.elded tlmt thono two «(M,<lo..,o.. i ,<ori" «",on ,nS7' Cnmn0,° A,bor,n'
M«n'f Complaint
Then Dwrn !« nnotber nourr. of complaint on the mon's pst"'.   Tho oqulp*
ment of tlm mlno with mnchlnnry Is led nt the noxt mooting.    City Clork
..ri.rfi,<.,._n«     vi,.v  r.,.ii....'  in   nnntti I t!nn*1nv Avnn ln«itnif'ted nccordlnrlv.
who lmvo chnrgo of tho depnrtment j
thnt hns to attend to tlwv.o mutters, ■ .      ,,,„„„.„„      a«,__i.
HlimiM bo Rlvm power to nttond to I f"**"',''0  ^ toiiHokwplnit.      Apply,
the romovnl of tbo obhinclou to loco* i " -"*• '*•—•'**■
'ney.
\._rw*-ll«ro r_ ■■iMdMl Hint a llsl nf j -.".i^n^T^i?
the city oniployeos Riving tbo wngos I 1,A8ljMWI Uf
pnld to onch bo furnished nnd present-
KOIl  IIMNT---TWO nr throo rooms
In.
rt
23-11.
Wuh a and tho minors contend Hint
with lt« Increased uro, tbo proportion
of nccldonts In swiftly rlslnff. Two
conspicuous ensos mny bo cllod, In
point—thosA of tbo lower Duffryn colliery nnd Dw Unity Henkln. In the
former the proportion of nccldent« wan
20 por ciint. bi-UiU, (ho Introduction of
■machinery, nnd 10 per cent, nfl _r-
wards. In the latter It waa 1u per
cent befnn. mn-rhlncry wns u«od ond
V, per (oni sftf-rwards.
Moreover, the rtion nsstjrt, boffin**■*■* of
Tlw Tired for tlio hydrants UolnK torn-
od wan mentioned, ftlthoUfrti It wns fur-
tbor mentioned thnt to do this discretion must bo exorcised to prevent, tho
possibility or dnmnge cnuscd by burst-
Iiir. If the test were mndo whilo It wns
flxcppHonnlly cold. This was referred
to Its appropriate committer* for iheir
nitflntlrm. Tho city clerk then rend
thr. ntnlttof*1 rfrport. «nd nllur It* item-
sal it wns orrtered to bo published In
the two 1-vaJ publications. Meeting
then ndjonrned.
MINKHH' HAIX
to runt uvoiy evening except Sunday
nnd Thursday. BultuMo for concerts,
HmokoiH, ilimclim, locluron, otc.    Por
Hiilirn,  x,i.x „ *A|^»"u   -nr,  ii.   ii«_-c*,  •w.tc*
tnry, Glndstono Locnl, Fernio.
FOR RENT—lIelnttmim Pftrlorfl,
Minors' lllock, either whole or part of
storo.—Apply, D. lloos, P. O, 881,
I-'ornle, I). C.
..LOST—Trnnsfor Card No, 16, Book
N'o, iar.(10, Uauiul fruiu Trunk Locnl on
flopt. LGih, 1910. Finder plett»o return to Geo. Kleol. Secretary. Prank
Local, Frank, AUa,
ingtoa
OR the last few days we have planned exceptional
values, values tha.t you cannot afford to miss.
Investigate our offerings; limited space permits us to
mention but a few of the wonderful money saving
events here within reach.
_
For the Men
The "Nettleton Shoe," the States leading shoe for, gentle-y
men.     Sold regularly, not only on this side of the line, but in
all American.cities, for $7.00 and $8.00 7 •
A special clearing of "Nettleton" Patent Colts, both lace"
and button, in this season's models.and lasts. We haye in,
the neighbourhood of'forty pair and all sizes, but at the special
low prices we do not anticipate that they will remain on our
shelves for any length of time."1 To avoid disappointment we
suggest that you purchase early -
The "NETTLETON" SHOE for Gentlemen
Regular $7.00"and $8.00
Sale price $4.35
For the Ladies
LADIES' WINTER COATS, made from Beaver,.Broadcloth"
and Tweeds; trimmed with braids and buttons, with lining to
waist. * "'":'. . /    '■-' ,
i
Stetspn'Hats in alf the popular shapes and shades; must be
cleared ^regardless of cost, or profit before stock-taking, commences,'arid to make room for new Spring, stock now on the
way.-   -     .---' * '        • --       " ' .'■'.-
4        '    7   7,   STETSON.HATS, Regular $4.00 ,'
Regular $10.00-
Regular $12.50
Regular $15.00
Regular $20.00
Sale Price $ 4.85
Sale Price $ 8.00
Sale Price $ 9.75
Sale Price $13.50
LADIES BLACK SATEEN UNDERSKIRTS- made of good
quality Sateen with fifteen inch shirred flounce
Regular 85c. and $1.00  °
V.'jl
Sale   price
55c
"BaleT price $235"
'"FIT„;REFORM" ancl "FAULTLESS" Clothing at practi-
cally factory cost.  , .'_,,.
Hair Pins, done up in ounce packages.     Sold regularly at
,3 packages for 5c. .. " ' ■   ,-.       ;
Sale price five pkts. for 5c
_■»___.  i i_
Saftey'Pins, one dozen assorted on a card. < somTregumny
at 5c. a card <v .        ,,   . ".
Sale price three cards 5c-
-
11
MEN'S WORKING SHIRTS, MACKINAW and SHEEP-
LINED    COATS,    UNDERWEAR,    BLANKETS.    DRESS'
SHIRTS, NECKWEAR, GLOVES, MITTS, SOCKS, OVERALLS, together with all other kindred lines, Reduced in price
for the big Pre-Stocktaking Sale.
LADIES',.WOOL VESTS and DRAWERS/madc from fine
imported wools, with shaped body.    In white ov natural.
Regular $1.25 , "   .-
Sale price 85c each
Furniture
Tt will more than pny you to anticipate   your   furniture „
wants, for lhe special values now oCfered have never before
been cr-willed mid mny never be offered again.   Examine tho
Special Cream Sale Tags nml note tho unheard of price re-
duetions.  .
Rale is now nenring its finish.   Complete your furnituro
wants beforo it is too Into,
LADIES' WAISTS, mndo from wool delaines and wool poplins, trimmed with lace and soutache braids.     All sizes nud
colors. ,       '„*,'"  -    ■
Regulnr $3.00
Sale, price $1.95
LADIES* COLORED FLANNEIETTE WAISTS, in n variety
of colorings,and stylos.
Regular $1.00 and $1.2i5
Sale price 65c
Our  Grocery Department in the Lead
i 'IV
A Saving of over 25 Per Cent.
A comparison of prices on ono purohiiKO proved so convincing
to one who is now a regular customer thnt wc mnko tlio com-
piiriNon here for your benefit:
Our Price      Competitor..'
Prico
1 Tin Tomatoes .,'.     lfic. 20o.
2 Tins Pons    25c 30c.
2 TiiiH ]k*niiK ,    2.r»c. flOo.
1 tintfc Potntofls. 'JO lbs 1.70 2.25
1 Tin CliristicK'Sodas  30c. Mc
1 Hut. Hlue I_nbol Catsup .... 30a. --Oo.
,   1 Hi. Seal Coffee  40.1. -"-(V.
1 Tlw ruppcr  10'!. ™1''
<? itniNt Tinnnflrv Hoap  20c. Soc.
W.M
$-1.70
ItcKiill: A wiviiitf of $1.05 on a purrhanc of fl.70.    A* our
priot's aro nil compnrntively low, fi«uro the totul HiiviiiK on
 *1..,»   _.»n«tf.t'if._'no ''
GROCERY BPJiClA«B FOR SATURDAY
Uuntly and Palmer'h lliKcuils.-i-Rogulnr 40c. por lb
Special por lb •      2Bo-
Fancy Linionorin Loiijoiih—Hi-guhir *IOc
Spocial  ...;   * doz.     25o
Fancy Nnvol Onuigon—Regular 45c '   !
Spocial dw' • • •30c
"Colpln'H Imported Toilet Hnap—HcRiilar 40c
Spocial box     2B«
Tallin and Cookihk __*.pj»i*i.n—iit-Kuliu * Yot. 2**~,
Special «>«>»•     «<»
"Harrington Hnll" (.'offoe—-HoKular »0«?, lb
Special : P^lb.     40o
The Store of Quality & Good Values
,-' ■'•*
j t

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