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The District Ledger Jul 20, 1912

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Tfif.Official Organ of DiBtript'Ho. 18, U. M. W; of A,
_- „ ._ a.v  >■
'..*'- '''*■-. il
No/48, Vol; Vi?
THE, DISTRICT" LEDGER, FERNIE, ,B. C., JULY 20J,1912.
$1.00 A  YEAR.
V
syyyCelebrdiwfi/ Success
,-f>
Ik
i.   *'
Mayor Turner Dilates on Beftefits
Xqf[ Unionism--Expresses Contewi<pt
\ for Scabs—City in Festive Attire
CONVENTION CALL TO       ,.,-.     /
Vl*    '.-  .       .,'_' Labor union's
\\y\
ROSSLAND, B.C.,-July 16—In king's
w^athor and,with the'streets a blaze
..v  - >        *        *■* ,
'of color tho .-first'day of the ml-iers1
■union celebration opened with a full
*     t i     ,    .i. -
droBG parade of, th© miners who led by
their own band marched from Miner*.'
Union'Hall along Columbia Avenue to
St;',Paul's Street and*from thence along
. Second Avenue to Washington-Street,'
Hundreds of Women'and Children are
A,   Beheaded    .'
\.''77 -y\—''    '•"" '7. *
LONDON," July Ae.—The   LondoH
daily papers continue to prlnl harrow?
ing details of the, Peruvian "Red "Rubber!1;, horrors "and insist upon-British
ahd'from there to the-bandstand where*- ;responsibility'' even -* though', indirect?
_,V¥.
"RED RUBBER" HORRORS     * -
HARDLY  BELIEVABLE
(!)
■ the speechmaktng takes place./ , Noth--
ing%cotild~look' better than the proces-
>s!on as,it marched, dovfn .Washington
Street preceded by Marshal" J. R.. Bin-,
ney on horseback and a carriage containing His'Worship Mayor„T-C____er," J.,
'   W Bennett from Fernie and Col. Egan'.
ii"Then' came- the ..band- and-^half way
down the" procession came the pipers?
At the end'came the'deputy,-marshal.
y. Dickie Hutchens and Dr. J. W..Coffin-.
"..Chief of Polioe.jLong assisted by J
Cocking and F. Bdinger were Vespon-
•"-sible,,for >the street decorations and
'they'-certalnly did a good job and are
".■entitled to. praise.„   Chief Raymervof
-'the fire depalrtment had his fire hall
••nicely; decorated its "also had• Messrs.
yBetts "arid bddy; their,. store' and every-
1 one.was doing their best,to make the
"' town"look~ gay. ,"      " ,'  ' i
'J?/President" Stevens introduced vMay-j
,..':or';,Tanner as .the first speaker.*
/    -.-A:    Dr.'' Tanner's. Speech   .    A
^ '- Dr. Tanner mentioned "that'this'v. as"
the .17th-annual celebration,and"the
.members of the .union can, truthfully.
^say^that~every*'pne^'i_eid,~ha"d~been" a"
i\success,'because, all"'those within.and
\y-. without ■ the'.membership- of .the ?un!on
,v]( wpre'.-lTeartily .in sympathy, with-the
yn,oble*_.nds andj-high ide'als'of "those
"' '7Viw_i6TSre',''a'ctlver tru«¥_»rfHUr}ei!=)nenv,
..bers of organized labor. "r'lt:_iad'.been*
■ often said-.that in' uriion^there*, was
-strength and,this was notably  shown'
in?the*progress that*organized labor'
has made, .and in the splendid record
? that' it liad created, for Itself in.the
uplifting of humanity and the better-
_ing of thb conditioner'the toiler. The
ivay-upward had, been, stoop nnd tho
,, "struggle long but what a difference
thore'Is botweon tho condition of'tho]
* toiler.today to-Vliatjt was over 300
,.-yoara ngo when tho first trades unions
woro organized.'  A'tariff, of   waofos
drawn up in 1725'by', tho Manchester
, jimtlces, .doclnred -.that nny'.worUman
conspiring to,obtain  moro, than, tho
{) rnto thereby fixed Bhould,'for tho third'
offonco, stand In lho pillory and.-loso
' nn onr,"  Dr. Tanner hold "that,organs
zatlons llko the Minors' Union   woro
/ 'necessary, as It was Impossible for a
slnglo Individual to stand   up   plono
for "a fair day's wages for a day's
/ work" nearly as woll ns whon ho mado
4I10 demand wllh 100 or 100,000'mombors of tho Bamo pmft'Btnndlng shoulder-to shoulder with him ln an endeavor to obtain what thoy nil bollovo
Is Justly duo.    A man standing alono
for, the act committed .by, the Amazons
companies against the plantations'. ;
The following is an extract from;the
evidence quoted in. Sir. Roger.'Case;
ment's report: ■ " " , "'AA'. -
•* /'During' eighteen " months ,his sole
employment was hunting Indians to
work in the "rubber .groves..' Many
Indians .were caught, - men A women*
ind'. children. ( They" were tied- up
and brought into-the station.    ,.
"Any that refused' to'come were"
killed/ He had seen'so many killed
there that he cannot remember all of
them. *He has seen men, women and
children killed for no reason except
that they would not'work rubber." '
. "Some were shot,.;some beheaded.
He has seeii; women, and children beheaded, and babies .taken from ;thelr'
mothers^and thrown away alive.       -
.Asked", to"-explain '~this phase.'. he'
answered that sometimes". ,wheri ttye
mother was*killed, they- threw, "the
baby;away to,'die,'5"other; times ttiejr
would-smash their heads. against the
trees or 'throw .them^ into/the" nv'ers.
Jieseicrimes^were^obmmitted—geri--
erally by'the'*lhdian\boys a'c'ting'under
orders 'from, the '.chief.- "We, used to
.makelexpeditions.-v. tb ' hunt '• -Indians'
like hunting wild-beasts,^said.'another'.
7witness.„-, "One-,expedition,'/set, out
"froin""M6rdea' ,'and' at.the' first .Indian
house they^reached In the forest.they
caught'■-eight -Indians, -■ five men 'and
three- women,,' They wore all tied up
with ropes,"their hands tied behind
their, backs and marched oii." At, the
next house" thoyJ reached.tbey caught
five Indians two men and three women AA   '- '■ A ." •' ",  ^   ', "'
\" "Vasquez? who was ln charge,, ordered''one of tho boys to cut the woman's-head off. Ho ordered this for
no"' apparent reason—simply becauso
Lio jvas in command and could do what
lie-liked. ' -Tho boy cut tho woman's
head off., IIo hold hor by the hair
of her 'head and, flinging her down
hacked hor .-head off with a machete,
CASE OF LEONARD.OLSSON
HA8 BEEN APPEALED '
■    TO HIGHER COURT
(Conllnuod on pago 8)
FLYER KILLS
DEAF MAN
Lumberjack Killed to-day
Near Hosmer.   '
Ohlof ot l'ollco Hnll rocognlzoB tlio
mnn lying at Thompson and Morrison's undertaking parlor1 ns Donnls
Campbell. Campbell, who wau deaf,
was walking nlong tho railway, track
on Friday, July 10, when, throo-fiuar-
tors of a mllo oast of TTosmor lie wns
struct, by tha westbound flyer, travol-
.('ut, ,'i.'i miinn an iiour. Ho wns token
to Hosmor, whero ho expired shortly
af»<*rwftrds, »nd his body iras then
brought Into Fordo. For a whllo his
Identity was unknown, until Chief Hall
'apimA-t-U,      i-Kl OhWtHHOrt WAR l» lllin-
borjnek and.looked about forty ^-ears
of ago.
' SIDATTI.13, Wash., July 10.—Willi
the facts in tlio Loonntd OIsroji (lis-
franchlsomenl case agreed to by tho
opposing parties, Judgo Hanford yo's-
terday-signed tho ordor permitting tho
case to go up to tho clrcul^ court of
appeals. "
Goorgo McKay, attorney Wr Olsson,
oxpocts to havo tho caso ready for
argument whon tho appollato court
convenes In Seattle In Soptombpr.
Sovon orrors aro alleged upon which
tho high court Is nBltod to rovornn
Judgo Ilanfonrs doelslon which can-
collod Olsson's" naturalization papers
becauso of hln Soclallsti.! bollofH.
WOLQA8T AND RIVERS
MEET AGAIN LABOR DAY
CHINESE WALK OUT IN
, '  SYMPATHETIC STRIKE
VICTORtA, July l«.—Following th*
npiwnl -Mr/Mito-ed !n Chlncoc lo tlio
Celestials engAjtod ia the woodwork'
Ine trado* of this city, a number of
tho Chinese *»r« walked ovt of the
mills In sympathy w|th their white
f6.Iow-wflrkg.tn on itrflte ter ihwUr
hnnrn snif rw»ff*r piif.
LOS ANOWM3H, July 12.—Ad. Wol-
Bitot and Joo Rtvors will moot ngnln
ut Vernon on Labor Day. with Charley
-..yton nn roforoo, If plans lnunclied
liy Promoter Tom MnCaroy material-
too, McCnroy* has offered t9 match
tlio boys, Ills ono condition Is that
Hyton, who Is tho, official rroforco of
McCaroy's Pacific Athlollo Club, bo
tlio third man In tho ring.
On behalf of Rlvora, Mnnagor Joo
l,f»vv lnitn**rtlnlMv mw (it, impfi-ji
tlonal neceptnnP-i. Wnlpinnt and hln
manager, Tom Jonos, nro considering
the proposition, and according to Mo
Caroy, thoy probably will accept-formally within tho noxt 48 hours.
The onlv thlnr tbn! npncnro vow tn
ainnd In tlio way of a socond match
Is McCaroy's probablo disposition of
tho championship belt ho offorod for
the ffght July 4. Wolgast contends
that tho bolt should be glvon to,him
by virtue ol! his victory. McCarey
(ti v/UMioliUnu hln tloclulon ponding
further deliberations.
LATER.—Wolgast has accepted. He
will set n guarantee or $.r.,00O!and
niters wWio revived W,m tot his
last battle will receive $8,000, win,
lose or draw, Tho roforoo will bo
selected later. It Is pretty sure he
will tm a. Loa A&Ktolw. man.
Trades and'Labor Congress Will. Convene in Guelph, Ont., Sept.-9°
- The 1912 convention cali -;-of / the
trades and,labor congress of Canada,
has been issued? The convention this
year will;be held'at ctuelph, Ont.?! Sep-'
-f ■ ' i
temberT9.    Following is the call:
To the officers,and members of provincial federations of labor, trades and
labor councils,' national trades unions,
federal labor unions and international
local trades unions in tho Dominion
of Canada, Greeting: '.     "       .    .
Fellow Labor Unionist's and Broth-"
ers: '>■''• ,'' '■ '.,-' ''<',?
" The twenty-eighth annual session of
the Trades? and" Labor Council of
Canada will convene in tho Armouries
building. Huskisson St.," city -of Guelph, province of-Ontario, beginning,
at, 10 o'clock, Monday morning, Sept?'
9,J 1912,' and^ wilT'.conti'nue ,ln session
from'day td'day until "the business of
the convention has been completed.'
*? The delegates assembled at Calgary
last year chose,Guelph- as the next
meeting place-and-it will be a striking
tribute to the-enthusiasm and enduring", ability bf /the organized wan-s-
vorkers of the'"Royal" and-progres-.
sive "?city and' surrounding industrial
centres in the heart of the province of
Ontario to have a large .representation
of, delegates from all over Canada In
attendance. , The, bill of fare to be pro-
vlded'is. one that will require the
Very best .intelligence of the delegates to-grapple with.' ,       '   -., •**
The past year has been replete w;tfc
r_at_«i.s of .vital interest to the' workers; and the.opponents   of   organized
labor" are very active,', as will appear
from the systematic \and_ .persistent
endeavor .being made in. Canada  _and
Great; Britain to -weaken regulations
that were Imposed for tho protection^
of the working classes.,,Each year Has*
witnessed' a, wonderful growth in the
intricacy and;difficuity'of.-the prpb-_
lems to be dealt'with by, the congress,
and'the" Guelph? .convention.-will be.no
excel) tion-inTthisTrespebtf^Aiuong-otiF
er "matters- calling for immediate attention are "the, following:*-   ■'<- ,- "•?_"'"
V.   Dominion- and, .'prbylriclal legislation ■ affecting labor \ interests. -   V s
7 2.-^Th6 alien".laboraot^an^-it^uUer.
uselessness'' t6"*pr'otect * Ihe* working
classes in its present cumbersome administration. ,,''    , r-   ,    '
'   3.   The immigration laws. _■ -
.'4;  -The eight-hour bill.'-,
; B.   The worklngmen's compensation
acts in'the various provinces—administration of by provincial governments
and their interpretation by the courts.
".'G.AAmondments "to  tho  industrial
disputes and investigation act.
7..Clenr. definition of our position
as wage-workers on thoj.ro.ected old
ago' pension'' measure, now' before a
.spoclal? commlttoo ,of the1 Dominion
House of Commons,
8. Proposed amendments to the
Dominion eloctlons net, to mako oloctlon day a public holldoy and to abolish (ho $200 'deposit now' oxneted.
9, Payment of wnges on railways,
fortnightly, and many other features.
•' Never moro limn now luis thero
boon greater necessity for vigilance
in safe-guarding tho rights of labor.
Organized bodies on ovory hnnd aro
contesting for tholr own protection,
and in this regard Tabor no longer lias
tho flold to ltBOlf. If labor Ib to receive Its portion lti-wlll hnvo to koo). I
watchful evory hour of ovovy day.
Send your host, most oxporloncod
and faithful mon to tho convontlon,
and elect thorii NOW, If you nogloc't.
to do bo, don't complain that your particular Interests havo bbon oyorlookod
or nogleeted. Thin Ib the'time of
prosperity nnd labor must ho prepared
to do baltlo at ovory avallablo opportunity If lt 1b lo l.oop-up with lho pro-
conslon.
Fraternally yours,
JAMBS C. WATTI9R8,
Prosldont.
FItlSD BANCROFT,
Vlco-Prosldont,
P. M. DHAPI.It.
Socrolnrj''Tronsuror.
l-xooullvo Council, Trades and Lnbor Congress of Canada.
STORMS ANB
ACCIDENTS
CAUSE DEATH
r ' v J
J     ' 4 ' * ,   I
Cloudburst, Explosion,:
Traiiiv/rsck, Take the
Lives of Thousands
MEXICO QITY, July. 14.—Details of
cloudbursts and floods. which again
destroyed several thriving,.cities and
exacted a toll of hundreds of lives in
the" state of Guamajadoi were received in this city last night. The, advices
declare that the cities-of Salamanca
and Celaya have been wiped off the
map. .The.number of victims cannot
be foretold? until the angry waters
have subsided. ..'   ?i. •   -    ,'-
"' DENVER, Colo.- July .15.—Several
hundred men, women . - and children
are homeless.'-"-A number of deaths
are rumored and a'millio'i, and a half,
i
dollars of ■ property is ,i!,. ruins here
today as a result oi\a. cloud burst,
which resulted', in'the' overflow of the
shallow bed of Cherry Creek, through
thl3'-, city,.. from ,10 o'clock until'midnight last night. -,, _,. .   .'•*.
VALPARAISO, Chili,"1 July 13.—A
tremendous dynamite'explosion in E!
Teniente Mines belonging to the Bra-
den "Copper Company,,,killed.50 Chilians and .'dreadfully. - .wounded., many-
others,'.'.According to'se.mi-official reports'the. catastrophe, is" the third occurring there .'within afshort^ period. ,
'.Some newspapers attack Americans
In .general because 'ofV.the accident,
minus, the deduction at the clearing
house—is-suspended:    ( .,■
•The"large'employers are unanimously in' favor   of - the ,- clearing   house
scheme and' threatens general lockout
unless, the'men comply 'therewith.
.. -In London, too, the_.act" is meeting
with great opposition.'. • A copy   ;*vas
burned in, oil. yesterday amid the acclamations, of thousands, at a protest
meeting in  Fihsbury' Circus  in'the
heart.of,London's' business district.
' It Is estimated that 1,500,000 stamps
were' licked in London yesterday, and
that by  tonight 4,000,000  will  have9
been licked.
Lhjyd George in Court
David Lloyd George, chancellor of
the exchequer, was a witness In the
Lambeth , Pollco Coiirt yesterday against Charles Gray, the man who attacked' Lloyd George at' the meeting
at Kennlngton Theatre ori Saturday.
The .chancellor testified that Gray
had a.bag of, flour in his hands when
he rushed behind'the'scenes to call a
constable. Gray,, caught ,the witness
by* the?, coat and threw him to the
floor: . Mr. Lloyd "George said he in'
Tervened to prevent spectators from
manhandling Gray.'* ..
The prisoner was sentenced to two
months' hard labor. ^
, A.Strlke Settjed
LONDON, July W^The strike which
started,at Liverpool on Monday arose
from ,the.fact ,that the dockers misunderstood the pooling plan proposed
and yesterday the difficulty was settled."?  -'"' y   ■' - v   .
FRANK READY TO MOVE
Free Speech Denied
f , y, —       -   - '   •"    ■  *     ° * t ,i
tn Calgary
Charles O'Brien, M.P.P., Arrested
,, Two Thousand Follow Hin% to
Jail—Case is Dismissed*
DARROW CASE
RESUMED IN
.OS ANGELES
McNamara's Lawyer
Face) Griticat Time
Third Month of trial
CALGARY. July 17.—Followed    to
the doors of the city prison by a crowd-
of nearly two thousand persons, ChaB.
M. O'Brien, member of the provincial
parliament for the Rocky' Mountain,
constituency, and ' William ' G.    Mc-
ClGskey, a laborer, were locked up
last night after they had been arrested '■
for haranguing crowds on the street
on Socialism.     They were released
at midnight on $20 bail each.
■   Obstructing the street probably will
be the specific charge the men will -
answer to when they appear in court
today.     According to the police, the
speakers had collected such a crowd
and the congestion  had become so
great 'that- traffic in the vicinity..-_f
Eighth Avenue and First.Street west
was practically at a sandstlll.     Offi-°
cer Mclnosh ordered the speakers to
desist and they refused.
Site Fixed-tots     ,
■:i Being Distributed
"Bayi-fg^lieytlTave ■ still- much:to learn"
of "civilized .people.,adding that-there
are' scores "of German:? and British
mills. Jn Chili, ?;'all 'of ..them treating
their,laborers as humaaVbeihgg/ r",5
VThe'BraderiACopW';C^^«V?ls''.an'i
American.concern. „   /  " ""
CHICAGO; July. 14—Thirteen per-'
sons were killed-and 15 to 20 were injured in a wreck on the Chicago Bur-
.lington. and Quincy railway at Western Springs, a 'suburb of Chicago, at
6.30 o'clock!'this "morning,., Coming
through a' fog"with supposedly a clear
track ahead No. S, a fast mall, ran
at full speed Into the rear, of train
No. 2, known as the Overland Express,
from Denver, which was standing still
on tho track, telescoping two" of the
Overland Pullman cars.- .Railroad officials re'fusod to fix the blamo until
after tho .wreck hns been Investigated' thorough^
3HIPYAF.D WORKERS WILL
BE NEXT TO 8TRIKE
LONDON, July H.—Tho noxt
nt,,,. i„..' -i i
big
-_.C_.t    t.HHLLil    IB    ..'X-
V^ft/ifl from   ibe   nbljwnrd   u'_'.'.>.__.
Tho Federation of (Shipyard Kmployors
;n
The British
Insurance Bill
Provision to Keep Worker
and Family from
Workhouse .
LONDON, July 17.—Chancellor, of
Iho I-xchernior David Lloyd Qoorgo
gnvo to thn unltod pross recently his
first Intorvlow concornlng tho Workmen's Inmirnnoo Act which ..ocamo of.
fcctlvo on Monday IiikI throughout tho
IlilllBlt IhW, (Jnquosilonnbly tlio law
Is tha most radical plocn of sociological loglHlatlon ovor plarod upon tho
statuto books of thn nation, and tho
Chancellor of tho Kxcheaticr says It
Is no more than "anothor Hop In tho
great forward dovcopmnnt,'' Initiated
by tlio English Liberals whon tliey
rnmo Into control of tho governmont
seven years ago, In lils Intorvlow
to lho nulled prnHH, not only hln first
concerning tho now law, but almost
.-to i.n>t .'.• 4i,i» t.Mvii i>ai on any suo-
Jm-1 Jj. 3,.'.-/ ..'jl.'.-t inhUi. i.4i<a.i;   (?'.i4.,-
lias rocontly refused the demands of tnll. what lu» cYp^fi* worktnot-'s In
tho mon for an oluht hour dny and
Increased wages nnd tho unions hnvo
omploycos ob lo wither tboy shnll order a strike, A doclsion In favor of a
strlko would Immediately affect S00,-
000 mon and as tlio strlko progressed
nnothor 500,000,
For months past tho nsn In tho
vnrious unions havo boon preparing
for a fight with the employers on thf
hours question, and the boHermnkeri
havo boon pressing tholr demand for
higher wages and permission to or-
ganlsft appwsntlc-**. Tho rastitt of tbe
ballot Is considered a for*fon_» eon-
elnslon and a long ind bitter fljrht Is
antk.t>at«d.
r-^llor Llnyd (U-orgo tills In somo do
'■ .A,step in advance has been taken
this week by the town of Frank with
regard to-the^moying of'the houses.
Last-Friday the man.appointed by the
Government-, to. look after the work
then arrived, and.we were glad to see
that Jfr.'"J. Stirling/ pine inspector,
was'.the man "chosen?'".  He,, and the
,counciI_he!d.-ai_neeti__g-duringH;he-af;'
ternoph and decided'to'call for tenders
"for the-moving.of the'town to its new
site,  whichV.ttiey?- have  doneysince
that .time.  '  •'■!?'>.'-,'■• .■'""' ;" -'   *.' ."• ' '
. .pji' Monday, night a'meeting of .the
-"citizens. waa' ca'lled^and held lh"vthe
School Hall,"tbe object of.which was
the distribution of lots in the business
section to'the men who held lots in
the old town.' „ A , large number of
those Interested were present.   W. J.
McGowan occupied the chair.    A lively discussion took place about the best
method of handling, tho distribution
of the lots, finally it was' decided to
leave It to a committee of three, those
appointed were-L.*W. Kribbs, J. IL
Farmer lind A. Bonamlca. ' Tho business section'of. tho town Is to be along
tho main road to Blairmore at the east
of'tho SnnatoHum. '   Tho commltteo
met on Tuesday morning and wero
disposing of the lots In a favorable
mnnnor when thoy got-word'that the
Coal Company'had reserved six lots
next tho Sanatorium,    The commlttod
thought that what wns,left wns too
Biunll so luivo postponed tholr work
till other arrongomonlB aro made.
Anothor public mooting was hold on
Tuosday evening to arrange for tho
exchange of lots in  tho residential
flection,     Aftor coimltloriiblo discus-
slon it waB-doclcd to appoint n committee'ot six, two representing each
nationality,  tho  dIffon.nl  national!-,
Hob to draw for a block whoro tho
peoplo of tholr language* might locale.
Thoso appointed woro as lallows:   To,
represent the Itohemlnn people, Frank
Wijr ond Casper Ilolub; to roprosont
tlio I-IirIIbIi Hpimklng peoplo, O. \V.
Qroshatn and l),,I)tinlni>; to roprosont
tlio French  nnd  Italian  pooplo,' W.
Carpenter and .1. l>Vrnnnti.    This com-
mltteo to linvo powor lo glvo each
man IiIb lot and to act at onco.   At
last it Hfioms as If Frank.was to bo
transplanted and tho pi aspects nro for
n bnt ler lown than ovor.    1<_ vory thin?
bo fnr In tho locntloti work Iiiih beon
Ideal, except ono tiling, nnd thnt Is
tlio placing of oaoh rmtlonnllty on ho-
pnrnto bioekH,   What anyono who Ib
intoroHtcd in Canadian citizenship nd-
voenles Ih tilt, mixing up of nil tongues no (lint  from It will merge n
fltrong Canadian cltlwrni-slilp, and tho
H.Blom iiiloptod horo Is thnt  which
lfpepH people from getting away Iroiu
tholr old country customs or gnthnir
u Hold ol ttie hliRllHti liiiiRlidRe.   .V!x
il t.,.1   U|>   IA   lilt-   (uCltl
 JU._.	
- LOS ANGELES, July 15.—The third
month of'the bribery trial of "Clarence S. Darrow was begun, today with
a victory for the defense. ,-
Judge • Hutton*, ruled that L. 'Johnson could testify as to his confidential
relations as attorney for-Bert H.
Franklin on the ground,Franklin had
forfeited^ the. right to tbe protection
of the law precluding .. an attorney
from disclosing professional secrets,
by' taking tj_e* stand and himself revealing those,, secrets.
Tlie. trial of Franklin on the charge
of-briberj^or-iJuTO^GebTieTCTioclF
wood, the same charge "on which Darrow' Is being tried, was set'today in
Department No.'" 12   of tne. superior .  .   _ ,.	
court before Judge Cabaniss, the trial    -= calqARY, vklta.; July 18.-C.  M.
was continued indefinitely, tit ws.re- ;b'i,rlen,',M.P.K and Wallace*McCtes*
. 1 _-.._.!-_-. _T* •>_,»__     ._ .   _*           .     . _-■_.. ... .     . ...._,_ ..    .<i..     .
Auditors started a clamor wljeri
the policeman interfered. Both speakers maintained that they were within
the law, and proceeded to continue.
Mcintosh promptly led both away to
jail. Neither O'Brien nor-.McCloskey
gave any resistance as they were led
away, followed by. a mass of jeering
yelling men.' ' ' -      "    - *
->1 No time was lostnn booking the prisoners, and within a' few minutes they
were both behind-the bars. -Socialist
sympathizers - immediately 'sot about
i,alsiri£j-ai]7__,hu__,it--?was-nearly--m{d~
night' before Colonel Sanders'.could be
located to fix the amounts. .' .TJjey'
were in jail nearly, four hours."
surancQ lo do for Kngland,
ported' that-Franklin had gone to Salt
Lake City on business. ,' ■ ■•
,LOS ANGELES, July 16. — James
Franklin, confessed bribe giver, talked
very freely about his offences, according to witnesses for the defence
yesterday - in the bribery , trial of
Clarence S,' Darroiw. - The witnesses
who wero called to attack Franklin's
veracity, said that in his talks'he was
convinced of Darrow's innocence
Mr, Darrow took a lending part In
conducting his enso and several timos
accused the district attorney of
trickery.
P. J. Plrotlo, a postmaster nt the
suburb of Venice; testified to sovoral
conversations with Franklin in which
tl.o latter had said that Darrow hnd
never given hltn tlio money with which
to bribe Juror Lockwood.   *
Tho wltnosB said he was told'-liy
Franklin tlmt tlioro wob monoy being
used thnt tlio attorneys for the Mc-
Nnr.iarn defoiice know nothing about
Frnnl'lln also wob snld to havo toll
the witness that ho had not ncut nny
messngo to Darrow llio morning of his
afest and thai If any ono called Dnr-
tow on the phono to ask him to go i.i
SPono of Frnnklln'B arrosl, It was Detective Brown ot tho district altornoy'u
offlco. Plrotto toBtlflod Franklin had
told him at nno'lhc. meollng that lie
wr.3 not worried about thu outcome
of the plunges agaltiBt hltn.
Were After Darrow
"Thoy don't want mo, thoy aro nftor
Darrow," ho Hold.
lie tiuld IiIb pica of guilty to llio
elinrgo of bribing Juror Bain, jjal.l
Plrotlo, "hnil nol eoflt hltn nnyllilnj'
ns tlio stato had paid bin flno, but
thoy woro holding tlio l«oekwoo<l coitd
ovot hint ko ho would toHtlfy against
Dnrrow."
,, "Ilo told me that FrederlekH van
under grout poll Ural obligations to
him," continued Ihe witness, "lipriiime
onco when political onomlos wero living to get some documents toiiiiiHit-d
with tho trouble Fredericks wiih in
somo years ago, FrunUlln, who was I"
tho United Stntos marslmll's offhe,
luirl Mocretod thorn."
A. Dixon Wnmer. n former nttrtrnnv
nm| lecturer, testified Franklin
key, who wero arrested^for Inipedlng
"traffic on Eighth "Avenue Monday
night, while holding a Socialist, meeting, were dismissed by Magistrate
Sanders yesterday'afternoon on ac-,'
count of insufficient evidence.
WESTERN FEDERATION OF
MINERS IN CONVENTION
1 CRIPPLE CHEEK, Colo., July 15.—
Fears of a posslblo attempt lo prevent
tho holding of tho annual convontlon
of tho Western Federation of Miners
hero,-becauso of bitter fooling, following tho striko of 1001, proved groundless and the oponlng session todny was
markod by'tlio boot, of feeling.
Mayor Joseph Bitterly 'extended a
cordlnl wolcoino to lho delegates and
prosonlod a glided key to the city to
Presldont Charles II. Moyor, who
voiced the minors' appreciation of tho
kindly rocoptlon.
A credentials* committee wan appointed and tlio convention took n ro-
cess until .1 o'clock,
Tho annual address of President
Moyor Is scheduled for tonight, Among
matters to bo solllod by lho convention nro grnntlng to locnl unions authority In conclude long term con>
tracts with employers and extending
the organization to Mexico.
ATTEMPT
ON TAFT
President lias "Close
Call."—Socreia ry
Burned,
WAfilllNriTON     .Tutv    1C — ^n  m-
lui'l I t«>ni|»t was inndn on tlm life of Presl-
i.»-C).V..i,'j_,Vi *-.^ _!'•.- i> k^o mt. it*j ut
tho National Insuranco Act has been
Inauspicious. Ono thousand dock lft-
orcrs In Liverpool nnd 20.000 at Wr-
kenhond hnvo gono on strlko, refusing
to ha.o tho lax deducted from their
pny.
Shipping at the two ports It vir
tunlly til a stAndslIll. nnd Indiestleno
ore Hint 1h« deadlock will continue
nntll tbo scheme—by whleh the wen
deposit their cards at lho clearing
homo and the contributions payable
under tbe Insurance act bf the fires
employing them are daly apportion**,
there, tho mon receiving their wacea
SCHOOL DOARD MEET
At Ihe meeting of tlio School Trus-
w.v.t, i.,.i muufia-j -i-i-it, 1.lti new tiustws,
Messrs McTntyro nnd Mcllonn made
their first appearance.
The city will nsk tho government
to ral*e the Fornlo Superior School to
the status of a high sohool.
The be.ird met on Thnrsdiy night
again, when Architect Kerr, who was
n«J,e/» tn dr.**-)tr tip plrtin ftnd upcclflca
Dons for thc now addition to the Central flchool submitted the preliminary
plans. i
Th« Secretary was lustrueted to ask
tk* »ro*r*™BB«st • for an »dT»r.r* of
IIJ.IVW m th* tmnt nf fstlflQ, so thnt
work may be started on tha addition.
(t.ua to tutu In the prortrchK of thn
.M< Xaimir.* caso:
"I am going to  win t..ti. lawsuit
nt)heir.     Tlioro is un angle lo thls>
thut neither Harrow nor un>oni> else
"wtiutts iin.vtbl.ug about."
DELQIUM READY FOR
TREMENDOUS UPHEAVE..
IWI'BSKIjR, July I8.--TI10 menace
of n niffonnf B<-n«rtvI ■■tilt-: tm universal suffrngo and the abolition of plural
voffru; la talshiK dtilli.Uu w!..ik. Tl...
irtbor federation has nppolntod com-
mlttces on propacBt-i-'a, tic . reatlcn «f
a central fund, artinfiiltfon of rait
ijuantltlcs of food, and arrangement
tot <jisi_r1eTlti_r chlldJM of stjllt«r«
eN*«rrh(»rrt (ftrrtrtff the
trouble.
iliini lull yustfirility   when   somenno
'rtCIlt to tho WilltC IIOUHO Willi nn III-
J*frn*i,l ni.-ubiiio ."tdilrvAHiiil to the chief
executive.
J(«d the machine exploded everv
one lioiii ititi sonvUiry tn tin1 preul-
dont would have been killed. As It
wn« Rhertnan Allen, the nHHlntant sec
rotary, wns h.irt thotinli but slightly
Ho received a burn on the hand when
ho smothered tho burning fuse which
gr-"»t',il Mm when l.c -.iK'.'.tt.l tbi-. U,k
containing tbo machine.
POLITICAL PRISONERS
ON HUNGER STRIKE
BT PI-TrH-lSMm(J. July IS-A hun-
«*r strlki, has ban going en for tho
_.a.t-t_ia_<id i._ul Uo Mtelw atftonx tbe 3*». political prisoners In Pskoff prison.
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PAGE TWO
THE; DISTRICT. LEDGER, - PERNIE, .B_vC; JULT 20,1912.
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DETERMINATION   OF FRICTIONAL
.    ,   RESISTANCE OF^MINE CARS
Several Practical  Methods Ar2 Available and are Explained
By G, \V, Hamilton
The importance^ of having, (le.irJte
inioi'inatioi), obtained froni actual test,
regarding the frictional res-slimce of
mine cars as a basis for determining
tho weight of locomotive, anil ihe capacity 'of motor equipment required   to
, riioet given conditions of service in
working up mine haulage propositions,
ViiS forcibly brought out in a recent
article bn jftino locomotives in tbe
Electric Journal, November, 11)11.
For many years the builders oT ulec-
tylc locomotives assumed this resist-
ai.co to,us from 30 to 40.pounds rcr
"ton of 2,000 pounds, regardless of ihe
Bl:.o and weight of tbe car r,r the kind
of wheels and journals with which if,'
h.._i been equipped. Those figurea'
w.re fairly accurate wheu mules were
generally employed to secure the output and mine ears were made small
and light, in order that severa. per
* trip might- be hauled, by oach mule,
thus serving the greatest  lumber cf
' rooms and entries. With increase in
the 'Size of mines, involving l_nger
.outputs lo be hauled from greater
<-<i*tances by electric locomotives, tTi;**
capacity of. the mine car has not only
been _ increased, but its weight and
strength have also been- increased to
meet the new conditions.
One can readily understand the significance of these changes in the method of haulage and consequent changes in construction, when it is rscalled
that a mule is used lo haul about four
cars'to a trip, on'an avernge, and that
some locomotives today are hauli lg
80 loaded cars. As the increased
length of the train permits coal lo be
J_roiig.it from an increasing di.ivice
' without additional cost for labor the'
tendency, will be to use larger and
heavier cars having less Motional resistance.
.   Several practical methods are avail-
'able.for obtaining the frictional rest it-
'ance of the cars in "use at' a mine.
Four of these are briefly outlined'be-
■, low. - '■-^   ~t  ' 'Try-
-    Approximate Measurements by Observation—Ascertain ,the   grade   or.
which loaded cars are* run 'to the cage
in a shaft mine, to .the end of tbe rope
in a slope mine, or the grade of the return track on which the'.cmpty cars
are run at-the Hippie of, a drift-mine.
With this information at hand, watch
t'j-A cars from the time the sprags ha*.a
been withdrawn from .he wheels in a
shaft or slope mine,  and note how
they operato from tnts moment until
on the cage or aro coupled to the rope.
Do the cars havo to be pushed to start
them, or do tliey   start'  thomsolvcs?
Do the cars havo to bo gently pushed
to tho cage or tho ropo, or must they
bo held buck, nnd to what extent?   In
tho cn«o of tho enrs on tho tlpplo, note
how slowly or how fast thoy run along
tho empty track   after 'leaving   the
dump.
Having watched a considerable numbor of cars in tbis sorvlco an Idea may
bo formed within a fow pounds of the
average frictional resistance when it
Ib known that tho effect 'of ench ono
per cent of grndo Is 'equivalent to a
forco of 20 pounds por ton of 2,000
pounds., In othor words, If tho grndo
Is 1.5 per cont—equivalent to HO
pounds por ton—nnd enrs, after bolng
Bontly Btaitoil.comploto tho trip, tho
resistance duo to friction is a llttlo loss
than tho forco exerted by tho grade,
or about 28 pounds. If, whon tho
HpragB aro withdrawn or tho brakes
released, tho cars start tlicmsolvcH,
lho frktioriiil rcslutunco will rangu
from 20 to 2r, pounds per ton, n good
•lent depending on how fast each car
( runs ln tlio <]l»tnnco avuilnblo, If tlio
' ears havo to ho pushed lo tlio cago or
ropo tho roslslanco nniBt ho.moro than
tho forco oxorlod by the grade, nnd
will run from 3C to -10 pounds por ton,
. 'Or tuoro, depomllng-on tno rorco ro-
nulrod to push thorn,
Tlioro aro sovornl objoctlons to this
mothod of procuring Uio frlcllonal ro-
Blslnnrn of tlio ears In mlnos ontorod
by shaft or slope, ono bolng tlmt It Is
•applicable lo lotidod enrs only, whoso
roslstnnro per ton lri"' generally loss
ihnn thai 6t empty cars,'whllo It Is llic
roHlMnnt'fi of the empty ears Hint Is de.
■Hlrod; .mother that lt can bo applied
»uccrssrnlly If tho mlno Is Idle.
Uy,measurement of Minimum Const-
lnr» flrnde—A Method thnt mitv be foi-
the weight ,of the car docs not enter
into the calculation, but simply the
percentage Oof grade,   ■•   ■'    ■
•Using- Dynamometer or Spring Balance—If a dynamometer or a small
spring ■ balance, with , a capacity ' of
about 100 pounds, is at hand, the resis-'
tance may be obtained by slowly and
steadily., pulling several empty cars;
one at a-time, against a grade of, say
one per cent, occurring on a, stretch
of straight track. It is best'to haul
the-cars against a grade, so that tho
resistance due to grade will-require a
constant pull and permit an accurate
reading of the scale to be made.
When the record .has been taken
simply deduct from the total the resistance due lo grade; the'remainder
may be charged lo friction. .     .
., Auxiliary Track Method — If thc
mine is idle, and a test cannot bo made
on the regular track, a,close estimate
of the resistance may be secured by
laying a track, one rail in length, by
spiking two rails on top of two long
timbers which are supported on sev;
oral' cross sills, the two end' ones
being about 15 feet apart. Then placo
an empty car on this improvised track
and, having carefully levelled it, raise'
one end until tlie car will just slowly coast after being gently started.
The grade required to accomplish this
can then be measured and the frictional resistance determined. It is an
advantage to secure the test of tbe
mine cars under actual working conditions, but, at times this cannot be
done. The weight of the empty cars
should also be obtained as correctly as
possible, as well as a record of the
loads in several cars,-both figures are
usually kept on file in the office or
the scale houso. ■ .,
To further illustrate the value,of
this information some' examples are
given ,lo show the difference a few-
pounds of resistance per ton, due to
friction, will make in the size and capacity of a locomotive when'the grades are against, and also in favor of, the
load, the figures .being taken from
mine records. " ,   ■   "   , -,
"Weight of empty cars, 2,400 pounds
each. '' . -,'y
.Weight of ■ • load in cars, 8,000
pounds each? , ?
.'Case 1.—Grade against the loads, 3
per cent for 2,000 feet.      ,
Case   2—Grade  with  the    laods,    .""
per cent for 2,000 feet.
The frictional resistance of the cars
was not specified by the mining company, which bad ordered the locorco-'
five,'and It was, therefore, assumed to
be 30 pounds per ton. The correct
resistance was found to be 20 pounds
per ton.
Case 1—At 20 pounds frictional resistance per ton, hauling .5 loads Hg-
ainst tho three per cent grade with a
3'i-lon locomotive,- required a drawbar-
pull of G.240 pounds and a tractive error: of 7,300 pounds, . To tako. care
of this loud nt 250 volts would oa'l
fnr 470 amperes.; To haul the same
load up the grade with n frlctlonnbie-'
slstunce of 30 pounds por ton thc
dr..wbnr-pull would bo 7,020 pound1.,
end the tract!vo effort, with a 13 lor.
locomotive'8,300 pounds.'To tako,cure
of this load would require 520 amp .res
at 2.r)0 volts, or 50 amperes moro tlinn
c-illed for by tho actual conditions,
nnd enough to operate continuously a
•>2 -horso-powor motor. ' "
'Cnfic 2—If the J4 ton locomo..vo
was to bo tisod to control n ninx-nium
trlp of loaded ctirs down tho .1 per
cntit grade an ostlmato would placo tho
ni.mbor at 40, assuming tho frictional
resistance nt 30 pounds por ton; but
with tho frictional roBlstanco In reality
20 pounds ppr ton tho maximum load
would bo only 3t cars.
Theso figures provo thnt an k error
amounting to JO pound's In the roslslanco, duo to friction, culls fo ran Increase of two Ions In tho weight of
tho locomotlvo, when tlio loads nro to
bo haulod up grndo, ami roilucos by
nlno enrs, or 4fJ,fi tons, tho weight of
tuo maximum nllowahlo trip which
Hliould Iki controlled coming down
grndo.
In tho first caso tho mlno ownor
would luivo been called upon to pirn
chaso ii locnniollvo two Ions lioavler
limn winded for lilt, sorvlco, and In
I Iin second nn accldont might occur If
ii load 1fi,8 toitH abovo ratings woro
linnillod down grade if, for Itistnnco,
houio obstruction were seen on the
trnck demanding n stop.
That the frlntlonul lentHtanco of up-
lo-ilnto heavy mlnn carH ,h nn uncor-
lulu fiiiuntlty In proved by records
which hnvo boon obtained within (ho
analyzing gases at a ■ nuniber of mine
fires." In "the, introduction tti the' lecfe-
nical' paper tbey- say;., A A '"
. "The'Burjeau,of Mines:ig conducting,
as an essential of the, mine-accidents
investigation intrusted to.i£, an'investigation of'the factors'involved *in the
origin and spread of mine fires, "and of
tbe means by which such fires' may be
prevented,, -limited.'"or extinguished.
The authors, in connection with their
.work- on mine gases, bave made gas
analyses and-recorded observations on.
the .-condition of.the atmosphere in
mines'. . Some .conclusions from their
work are" presented. in this paper, in
the" liope that they will be ot service
to those who may have to fight fires;°
for,' although analyses * of the gases
from- such fires have been made in
the past,' the " systematic' analysis of
samples of the atmosphere of a burning mine, or section of a mine, has
not received the attention its usefulness warrants. ,   ,'
"In the early stages of a mine fire
effort is directed toward*fighting it at
close range by using water from buckets, hose, or portable extinguishers,
or by loading-out the hot cofll. Frequently this effort is not successful?
and the mine or section is' sealed in
order lo smother the fire. Some
fire3 gain such headway,that tho entire
mine has to be flooded. v This expedient, though effective, requires the use
or an enormous quantity o'_ water, not
always 'easily obtained, and a! subsequent expenditure of much money, and'
time in draining the mine and 'putting
it in working order.
When an entire mine, or a section; of
it, has been sealed to exclude air the
sampling of-the atmosphere within the
sealed area becomes .desirable,.-in order fo determine the effectiveness of
the stoppings or ,'dams in excluding
air. * If the stoppings are tight the
fact is shown .by a" depletion of, oxygen in-the atmosphere behind them.
A period of0 anxiety always follows
sealing, arid any aid that tends to allay
fears as to whether the'fire is spreading, or-enables the mine officials to
act promptly iri case conditions get
worse,; is worthy of consideration.
"Another reason for the systematic
collection and'analysis of samples of
air from the, sealed area is 'to obtain
information regarding the advisability
of. removing -' stoppings. Disastrous
consequences"-have sometimes followed ,the 'premature .re-opening of sealed
areas; -moreover, fires have ." burned
vigorously /after external air•" was
thought-to be entirely excluded.- Hence
stoppings, are sometimes-left in place
for many, months, and when tbey-'are
eventually. removed much - uncertainty
is sometimes'felt as to t.h<. rpsnit.
The burning .of coal and wood in a
mine fire; differs in some ' respects
from the'ordinary combustion of coal
or. wood iri a'boiler furnace; yet just
as periodic* analyses of .tbe excaping
gases will indicate combustion conditions-in the furnace so periodic analyses ;of-the atmosphere -within a burning" mine; or section bf a mine, will indicate combustion conditions'there, o-
though ,these' indications arc less
clearly understood, and will be until
some features of mine fires,have been
studied .more fully," ,
A PUNSTER'S ESSAY ON COAL
The-punster of. the Chicago Examln-
or has -evidently had his Baconian
brain agitated by purturbutlons which
have directed attontlon to coal trade
matters and' horo is the result:
Coal was invented so tbat tho minors would havo something to strike
ovor. It.was also gotten up to holp
a man unsockot his arm while trying
to shako three sixes out of n creaky
furnnco.     '       -, ,
Coal Ib found in tho bins of wealthy
pooplo. It Is of two colors; black
whon mined .1 nnd red—when it's hot.
Tlioro are 402,115,387 tons burned
In tho Unltod Statos ovory yoar, and
I'. HoeinH.aB if 452,1113,00 aro consumed
by our furnace.' Fuol bollovo that
Btlitomont.
Tnero Is soft, and hard coal. Tho
soft coal Is linrd-to get, but It you aro
able to got hnrd conl you're In cofc.
Tlsrd coal will nlwnyu bo In Right--
anthrn-olto. In other words,,It "will
always bo in (the) rnngo,
' School arithmetic., tolls us Hint
there nro 2,00 pounds Tn a ton. Wtnai
of our cool dealers have evidently no-
gloclod arltlimotlo, nnd whllo most of
thorn would not pounco upon .anyone,
yot wo hnvo frequently noticed thnn
lying In weight for ti«i,
Cnnnol coal Is not sold fn canH, ns
the namo Impllos; neither in It good
for burning In tbo stove, but for tho
hearth it's grnto,
This Is nil wo can coaMnto no'.v,
WHITE PA8S ROAD
TO TAP COAL AREA8
DAWSON, July ir_,-~Thu first frul_
glil to arrive Hero Hits yonr arrived
Saturday pn the Rchwnltn, which dis-
lowed In tiny mlno In which the track | P'181 taw months, thorn lining a variation born Intil nnd tlio enrs pmchnsod | ltot> «i -" liU'im-H l»*wr urn, ur irom «'_'
Ih to obtain mi empty car mid piiAli It j Io i'> S'ouud-. In W*i» made nt 12 pro-
-.iloiig ll.i. entry or ilpp)v until ;i P"H?.* \<n I><nn»ylranfr.. Tothcs-rtn.
stretch oC track Is (omul whero it will loM'slcd In mlno work tin bo records
.lust flowly '--oast a few yi»rilH after I tdi'mld provo tho Importance of Hocur-
hating boen/..-July .iiart'_*fl. Then si-,'"« "»' «hii»ii» hu uh. ^miuuu v>m-«
cure tie grade on this ntrotch of track * elcrtrie haulngo Is planned,    and will
Th e ;IWI i h im uifi A Wage;
■; .'.'Coal 'Age?";-one" bfl'the best' 'known'
authorities Jon: Coal miniriV matters lithe United,States, in its current-Issue
says: , , / _•; , A'' '■ •}, 7-77 A ,'• ■ '*■' '•'
How, prone" we' are' to-, let-others
think and decide tor us.'.'-,-.Wo*vote as
did, our _fathei'S, and -we' worship^ as
blindly.-, There are questions before"
us" today'that'are eating? at"' the heart
of ail industry.. .Goal" mine officials'."'
of all riieri; should '=-\yal__:'in "the .forefront', -of' modern-day;'thought. No
other employers are more closely united/or more'vitally dependent-on that
great ."army of men who 'work .with
their hands- rather -than. \.itli their
heads.-'     .",•,    _'.,      . y- •■-.■'- y
L-et us be honest ■ witli- this great
body of workers,"for business,, if,,not
for moral reasons. A dam can only
be built so high, and the higher it goes
the greater the ultimate flood. . No
"wall can forever retard the tide bf'independent thought that Is now rising
fron\ the.toiling masses. ' Tis a 'wise,
man who knows when he's riding a
runaway, and who decides to guide the
animal' rather than waste needed
strength in futile attempts to stop tbe
beast. "*. '„    .'.-•'
One,subject that will confront American coal operators is the-question
of   a   minimum  wage  for  miners.,
Whether w;e wish it or not, the problem will be put up. to ,us for solutlo^i,
just as it has been submitted to the
people o_" other nations.,, Only a few-
months ago,,the English failed to
handle the question satisfactorily, and
lio one need doubt that tbe minimum
wage spectre -will again loom large on
the British horizon ere many months
have passed.     ~* _?
■ If'the poor were the.idle arid the in-
industrious the rich,'*there would be
no need, for'further .discussion, be-,j
cause the poverty, of the idle1" would
make them work. . It may be-that
legislation is the only remedy that, will
right the evil. Already wo have passed many laws requiring a minimum of
honesty," respectability, health and
education.-« If we build a house, the
law compels,us to equip it"'with cer-
,tain drains:"and sanitary provision*-,
yet it. need not be a perfectly healthy
home. In the matter of educating our
children? there must be a certain minimum, although we are not- forced' to
make our youngsters, profound sc'ienl-
i_.ts.     y j-:.*' ,     ■.   ■'.■-,
The. same'principle is applicable, to
wages; that"much we frankly concede?
But' it' doesA'not' .appear ' to us that
there is any -^ occasion to agitate or
enact a.minimum wage in the coal in
dustries before such legislation is^
plied to the. sweated employments, or
parasitic trades ..which are practically
subsidized, and -constitute a positive
drain ,upoi society at large.
,Invevip,aticnJ(-.,have shown that low
rates pf wnp-.es.'a's distinguished'"from
inadequate earnings, due to sickness
or irregular employment, are responsible for nearly one-half the .cases of
primary poverty. Labor organizations
offer no relief to thia state of affairs',
for even, In Great Britain, where worklngmen's unions are most, widely developed, only about -25 por* cent of'tlio
wage-earners iire organized,
'_ Opponents of tho principle of a nilni-
&. nm wage largely, bass tbeir-belief
on lho Idea that tho 6ystem, encourages Indolence, and that 'tlio rights- of
tho employer aro Infringed upon. As
the plan has worked out,In Australia,
thoso arguments foil tq;hohl, In this'
Hitter country tho laws provide for the'
election of joint boards composed of
nn equal numbor, of omployors nnd
employees In all t trades, and' thoso
sr-eci,.l commllteos havo the powbr to
fix minimum wngos and maximum
hours. In caso of a,deadlock, tho,
chairman who hns been chosen by the
representatives docldos tho dispute.
All awards aro enforced by lnw,
but any act, by common consent, can
bo nltoroil. No employer Is compoll
od to continue his business, or ,to
engage nny workman; but, If ho chooses to do so, lie must, as n minimum,
comply with tho specified conditions,
just as he must obsorvo sanitary regulations, or other provisions of factory nnd Industrial nets. No workman Is compollod lo ontor Into employment or Is forbidden to strlko for
holler terms, but bo is proventod from
engaging himself for loss'thnn tho
minimum wngo, ■
Coal mining, llko many othor legitimate vocations, Is .suffering from
tho nilvnnlngo gained by thoso tinsr.r,'-
puloiiB employers In otlior trades who
cniuigo largo ui.riib.iVs of women nml
children and pay thorn tho lowest
wngos. Thoso parasitic tndustrlos ox-
orclM. nu ovll powor ovor tho dbhl-
liu.ten of the nation's labor forco, nnd
ilruw capital Into undesirable chin-
tels, Minimum wngo laws In tho
United ShitcH might blois rather Hun
rui'ho (ho coal business, Clouds il.nl
look black nt n distance nro Invlslb'o
ti
by imlng a (straight edge nnd level,
'such ns Is HBCd by the mine enrpon-
serve to show how tho ctml per ton for
liitiiliige mny ho kept down, or thn out-
teM, or by tho method of \wIiir a tape, j l>«i Increased. If good r..rs and trade
After tenting several   enrs   OHtlmat.tJnro maintained,
ti.!- «.. .if.'..-.,..-, t.f  -ii... by  u.sli.n 20
pounds per Ion of 2.000 pounds for
-tiitiUi.- .it-..*.- tui.i..ri-ijiH.'iiiii hi iiiitii) iMM.il >ve stu io iiiotn.    none.** .»
;-kVj.'_   iiJ.'J  U-ii ;■).'   ,   :.>(j;lW  io J,Ui,.   ..'.■   :„-;].,   ^..jty   j}IM   Mtwuu-J
pon with 4T-0 toil!1.     l'r.^Jdent Dleko-
non of tho White l»av« Unmt. litis loft
for Skngway nfrer n visit of ten days.
He said tho compnny bad a surveyor
all events, .where" price1, fleas'riotTenter
into the, strif^between" rival employers
In an industry^carrledfbni.bVi well .organized workers," such"'cheapiiess,as'"is
aimed at by th^competl'tors'concerned must be obtained by more econorii-
ical methods of.production arid riot at;
the expense of the.-worker's ,wages'.V.,
, It is no uncommon' tiiiitg to hear well
intentioned' epploye'rs coinplairi ,'that
•therelis noneffective oVganizAtion,of
workers "such as_they employ, because'
while they would-'prefer,,'to pay .good
>vages, tbey .are quite.'uriable" to, do, so
si) long as they are in competitiotiTwith'
other employers who" are "able-,to un--
dersell llierii by paying .lower wages, '.'
'. In those iudu'stries"-.where"-trad©"u-i-
iori organization is effective all"competitors for business start from jone
mark, so far as'.wages are" concerned.
There is'no" doubt whatever that one
of the factors-which has enabled tbe
cotton trade of Lancashire, to1-defy
competition,, in. the markets" "of. tho
world is the uniformity of its wages
list and the general conditions;under
which alone the employers-have been
at liberty to' employ labor. '.,
Unable to gain any advatage over
eacji. other- by, paying lower .wages
than thir neighbors''or spending less
on safety appliances and sanitation,
Lancashire employers"have been .con-
tinually on the lookout for belter .machinery and more economical methods'
of working; with th© result that there
is no industry in the' world more efficient-for its .purpose-thanf the "cotton
industry of Lancashire. - ' "-Avis there a-'reader of .this'article who
would not agree that trade unionism
has acted iri,the public 'welfare* in'
stopping' to some extent that sweating of workers"which was common on
the partjjf employers.-, who found-they
were force., into competition ' with'
traders who were producing .cheaply
by underpaying tlieir workers?.
■And now'let me refer., to., another
service'which trade unionism has performed, not only in the' interest of. its
members; ..but for the general public
welfare. -,"' By means of its own subscribed funds it. has, relieved its members in 'distress' and made it possible
for them to avoid almost entirely tho
best-liated institution'that this generation has known—the workhouse? •
-Among the comfortable classes the
impression widely* prevails tbat trade'
unions fare ■. only used' to'-, promote"
strikes, pay agitators and promote
candidatures for parliament:' It would
surprise most-of,them-to "learn how
far this is from being true. . Let nie
niention'a few facts. During tho years
-from 1899 to 1908, inclusive,- $24,000,-
000 has'been.spent by lOO-of'the'prln-
cipal trader-unions in payment to unemployed members' for' out of work
benefits.- This amount'represents'24.7
per,cent of the total expenditure of
the unions concerned. On" other benefits, principally sick, and- accident/ superannuation' and funeral ' benefits,
$41,500,000 hasfbeen paid in ten years
or? 42,7 per cent of tho total expenditure' for all purposes. On dispute pay.
$10,500,000 has been'expended,,which
is biit 10.8 per cent of tho total pay-
ments.       . -       .   .     *' "
. It is impossible to conceive tho
amount of suffering which has .been
prevented In working class families by
the distribution of tho Immense stitus
here mentioned.-, '• A  , .  '
What is cqunlly important lo notice
Is that in- Great. Britain, tho birth-
plnco of trade unions, tho unions nre
weaker whoro tho pooplo are so hope-
lo38ly, and dogradlnglypoor that thoy
nro moved'by no Ideal and crnvo for
nothing but, tho satisfaction of tlielr
most immediately pressing material
wants. In n word, tho trade unionists
nro r.n the average the pick of tho
wr.-king class;
I ilo not think It posslblo'for any
Institution, unnlilcd by tho patronage
of tlio rich, without tho asslstanco of
tho press, to wltliBlnnd tho opposition,
tho criticism and lot mo add, tho misrepresentation', nnd persecution to
which triiilfl unionism has beon exposed at ono timo and nnotlior during the
last seventy or eighty years, unless
thoro is.In It a ronl nnd solid advantago nnd not-moroly empty professions,
Whon a mlno manager tirrlvos nt
tho point whoro ho can't learn any-
thing from tho oxporlonco of his col-
leagues or subordinates, ti Is tlmo to
rotlro him on a pension based on tho
vnluo of his soivlcos up to tho tlmo
when his brain rofusod to nct.—inx.
■a a. yyys-.,....,...._
A* W-AaA-:;— .vy A ■ ■;.. lAAA
***• :"lW;i   i'
"\V,
v1',,-*-
A-yv
General Dealers a;
Qjttalit5f
Go o (is
-and-
Living Prices
/jDryJGoods,-Boots. Shoes7
. . ^yMeh's'-Eurhishings'^..*'"
, " ■^Groceries, Fruits- iSadV- v
y \- ■*■       ,   i%      t .       ' .      bin's    * -
Provisions-
tr   l- ■*
,1"     *,-A      T<
Belleviie, Alta^
Slater   Slioes
''■',.'- °   - .  7   ' -      -     „ "*''',-    •''-•"' '" ,   "   ■ ' '
~-    >Wo,haye just opened--our large s'pi'ing-ship-   A.'>-
,, anient Of of these'famous.shoes and have the   ;'   .'
"best range of $4.50, $5; and $0 shoe's qvgv yS .-
,"",. shown in Hosmer. - See tlio new styles-"dis-1   .
',    ., ■ played this" weok in soutli" window.   - -.>*?,
A.   MILLS   &   SON
Sfosmer
B. C.
,7 'll
.__.   *\
;   Hillcrest, Alta.  v
myMMx
'"■ * -'*,"    '- '   '    ^.    -     A - *, *.,,',    y :    ■ A
Choice Wines. Liquors and Cigars
, H.-]}. CUNNINGHAM, Proprietor. .,;;.    , -
--y'\ f
AaLB
i" y   '     "f~y^~   **       '     ■ " i'
A™~^GF6cet
,:   "       * We" carry a full line-of A, '       .'■"-'.
Red Feather & Tartan Caniied Goods
Prices Eight
' Satisfaction guaranteed or money back  •
Phone 103     a:*:        Frank; Alta.
Special Sale of Flatware
Bono-liaudlcd Tea or Dinner Knlvos, at $1.25 por half doz,
1835 .Wallace Bros. Tea or Dinner knives, $2.00 per halt doz.
% Doz. only Dlnnor Knives, best plate, $1.75
% Doz, only Toronto Silver Plato Tea Knlvos, $2.25.
1847 Rogers' Bros, Dlnnor Knlvos, $2,00 per half doz. '
RoBoru' Dost Tlatod Table Spoons at 4Gc. each,
Wm. HogorB and Son Table Spoons "$1.75 per half-doz.'
1847 Ilogors' Bros, Table Spoons, $2.75 por half doz.
1847 Rogers' Bros, Dessert Spoons $2.50 por halt doz,
Toa nnd,Dinner Forks, best plalo, $1,75 por half doz.,
Wm, Ilogors' and Son Dlnnor Forks, $1.50 por half doz.
Wm, nogorB' and Son Al Tea Forks, $1,75 por half doz.  ,,.
A. C.   LIPHARDT,   JEWELER
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
And Nothing but tho Best in Fresh
and Smokod Moats, Fresh and
Smokod Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc. Etc., ko to
THE 41    MARKET  CO.
8AM GRAHAM/ Manager
PHONE 41
Hillcrest Co-Opcrative
Society, Limited
Groceries,  Dry Goods, and General Merchandise
UNIONS DEPENDED
If It fIVO fOOt S.r..if;ht *'<lKrt. i>l*it:cd
:ilong: l_i«> top of oiif! rail, has tb be
lalsed "J. Inch nt one <nd to mako It
lf'vt,*!. th«* j.md<» ls »i Ins. in r» feet, or
i, ir, ibtht-a tu W> fw-t, flr 1.1 vtr cent.
TUn .fciuaUwic t>- iLc t_.i's. tlu<- la friction. th<*r#forc. It about 21 .onnds per
Ion.     It .*.-i_nild ho remcmV.crcd tliat
TECHNICAL PAPER ON MINE
Fine piCHTiN-n nv
1        THE OUREAUS OF MINES
"(Jan Analysis aa tin Aid In Fiirlillnn
Mine Fires'1 It tho tultject of Tt-chnl-
f-s! pkftr Xo, tS, .hfr latMt ffj;hll«a--
ft^n of th/» V.ft. ftitwfitt of Mine*, Tb*.
author*, ««ori_« A-^Burr«ll and frank
M, aftllttvl, nlve tltotr experience   In
extension of tho rnllu'..y from White
Horso to Yukon I'losslm.. 12(1 mllcil,
which will top tho TiuitrtJus coal fluids
fio that It cnnvhniil mnl to flkftgwny
for ocean liners anil wrvo Whlto
Horso, whoro smcliftf. mny bn prc-'tpil
to irent th« «>.ti-ii»in» «ojip«T ami Iran
tlnn'-lts now ,,(\tii' *..->. )cp.1 Oi/'iy.
Thno hnndrcil it.ru, at r^jiGr Iron !s j iinlnn-:
loins thlppctl from Whllo Horso dally)   l want first to point out that In all
to CieTawm* tnwli.r. ln<IijMijt»» wiiki. are tubjoct to ktmn
Mjr. Iifr.l(«aoii t-*}* lu (ompati. t-a_.icom[*ti.i_,n »ho trade unlpna hy en-
IrtMAy n\*eA /•«..;« tnr th« exten- for^irr w tin a« (K«t«l|t|« a mlnlmnw
tlon of a romp*>:iiiw th^r w-rvlr-** on »vtnitf i>rott.<-t Mr #-mf»f.»vpr* and *»•
tho Lower" Yukon nivtr und may a*
tnhllsh slorfs rtr fi.iuKnn,
Whnt the WtiQeworher Owet to Orflnn-
iitcw u_,uo. i— r*it i.in,i,ftj*t* Thu-
tected-Member of the British Parliament Raises His Voleo In Behalf
of 9 Much Maligned Movement-
Borne Wrona Imprettloni Dispelled.
In nn I«mh/> ot tho London Penny
J'Morlnl F. W. Jowott, M.V., hfl» tho
f.-l_..n In- ^ nny in ,,(itt>n<iif nt trnn>
coura^. tl^m to coaipdo with -each
othf-r In ipmliiy rather than prH-fl,   At
The People's Store
Owned bv
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
«_________ *■■ n
Pa,y Siay Specials
Saturday, July 20
.   -.,      im       t> l   Cl  •   1 1   Tl    1   > 11 1 ,■ olt
j    IM,    ikllh   Jl'.'.'IWk   ..111'..-,,    tt-H.-akk-m    I. ',), ilW..,   JUtk    tb.t    .  .   . .... . ,u.
FrnnlcV Chicory Ht.c_.H. per Blick . v 05
IIowcbIioo llrnnd PtunpUtnH, !l for     .60
'Wino filnp _\pi>1oh, 3 lb. for , , 20
Otir Best Flour, per 08 lb, unelt $3,15
TV.lpy'n Ton, !. lit. cnn $1,15*
Tetley's FnmoiH Tea, per lb , , 30
Vitlcli h Gitijuj .Tllic«,V Ull'H.; lmlllo 70
Rosen' Lime .Tuicc,'/,; litres, per bottle ..,..,, ,   .46
Roues' I/lme Juke C<mlial, % Ytiua, per bottle 45
Steel I-Ollow-wftre rceacr^inu K»:ttlc« $1.25
" A fine Stoek of B. C. Potalow. on -.an.., per iwclt  .$2.-60 S^DISmpT.LEDGER, FERlfeyB, C, JULY 20,1912,
-'"-ll
'By MORBUS'HILLQUIT?:
■*>.**.
y .     (This is "the /irsUbf. a* series of .six.
'* ;.,■' articles."appearing1/ in ^tbe^Metfopoll-.
v7fivtaii'doscriblm So'clalisisi.in plain;un-'
^der^andabl^termsV  _ Mr._Hiilg_.lt'1 ls
" V.Aa menjber'yx the Execu't'iveVconimiVtee
'" \'of th$ s6/alIst.'Party.-'o'f;America;ai._l-;
?is ;_.eneWlk^re_.arded'?^aff..the'leading:
, .'-exponew "of•_' Socialism in'lthe TJnited
A Vstates/''The present;article liTlntro-
,'7. .jductoiy.?;./In.succeedlng-.issueS^will
" " Abe, polished/Th© Causes ThaV.MaVe
.: -' 'forySocialis_n'i,;!.;''TheiMethods of'So-*
[^ci^isinA" ''.The-? Political* Program:- of
,".'.;-,Socialism".-. and^'The Growth 'and' Fu?
l/A/y.wre^of,Socialism.")',;^' A.,AA;t " ' <*
I ">' 'i/lcWlOs'thojPifthlonce said"that the
f suri never seVon his empire? ,' We' So-'
. ..clalists may*' apply''these' words 'to our
.movement, and say tliat.tlio sun never'
;sets on the countries in which the> red
', banner-floats."'   .       ■:'."■_'
.:   ? ■''"  '":.-.'   7    " ."; *.-    4 ...'A
\    "' JVith these words the eloquent'Bel-
.' '-> glan deputy;' Emlle Vandervel'de, open-
'' ..7€4.'-,the ^lQ,tern.ational,. Socialist  Conr
.   A gress, held 'in ?Stuttgaft in-1907.     It
,;  | .''yasj^ot an empty boast,'". '.The Soclal-
,  ;;c 1st "movement Is >s 'wide as the world.
.. „,   In Europe its power is felt alike in'the
'. ' highly- civilized 'central and ^northern
',,., countries, 'in. autocratic ;RussiafJn ap-
^'-."'athetjc  Spain'an*d In.-' tho-7backward'
,V;|. Balkan _, principalities' and'fklngdoms.'
•.- \ Ey«n benighted.Turkey.-his'Socialist
I) 'y representatives -in *its. new/Parliament
lf,    v, '-The.."red;.specter*",];has'?lfivaded\tho
* A' CeIes'tial'"Empire, Persia;and? Japan;
*',   ; - Tra.nsvaal;: an'd .the '•Australian'cdllbii-s
,:,*;'   les; tbe'jSouth.-', American ".Republics'
...;  and,, the'; Dominion - of-.Canada.'', \' The
'   ' '',Un^d; State's', -is ,- fast' b"ecoming-V,.a
. stronghold of tlienW. doe'tHneAyy'
y A - ",-.;, ^.N-yy. .* -,"vv■'- y
A.;Th'o gospeljof Socialism is'; preached'
in .more than sixty, tongues.'-; Its ■ creed
,*is .accepted by thirty ^"million'* persons!!
A' movementtbf 'such; maghitude"''and
universality-'could not - spring' up .without-a'cause, or'.continue without fa
mission:- -To"scoff-.atit/is futile.^-'To'
Ignore.it is 'folly.) ,,.It-must be faced;
Ir-,-,.. It ^'should be: understood?- : * "S\ y.   '
A , A'^?*1 7,s°"ciaJ!isn\ can'be" understood.
it A ^VM?. easily? ^sVife all Assertions tb
I ^ ;tho^, contrary, '--"its;"philosophy, is'-ex-"
i 4c<?edingly-simple and its'program'"is
:'-< 'very-definite." ."'■?.' ;??*. t >_?• ,„'. . - .-, -
tributing\wealthi-no'thing*' more:'.\\ '
"?" The' Socialists demand thatthe prin
cipaHndustries of.the'natiori, the busi-1
nes'S'. bf' providing. the . necessaries ";df
life, 'be 'cqnduct-e'dvbyAhe Community
for? the' benefit^bf''it"s"fmembers:A:" $'-'
yylTJh?. ^Presen^ Careless , Systejm'??A
"'-..The. .fun<tamehtai „ 'principle Aupon
w'hlch-'.'society rests ' today.-. _. is At hat
wealth-prbfiuctioV' is - purely, an? indi vi?
dual function. I ■. pur-'industrloa'.. are
not-.organized- by?'the" people ?with' a
view,- tb; the rieeds^of -the cominutiityf
but by individual' 'capitalists' for prl-
vate;pi*ofits> '■-. Our.'enterprising 7 cap-
tairia of industry ^arevlittlo.'7for.-the
social value of the'goods they.prbdu.ee.
Tliey .will .m'anufacture;.Bibles". or guns,
medicine' or poisonj'"ploughs^or.'flying
machines, .all according, to'the prospects'bf gain.'        -'■'-?.-   -''.Sv    .
• The faetVthat;ninetyf.mi_l_bns ■ of
tlielr? follow .beings/in-;this' country
need*'food,"-clothing houses, .furniture,
heat, light,   books... amusement   and
of '.transportation .and',.'communication to.maintain their health and' comfort means nothing to-them ih itself
—it Is'merely'their opportunity to extract profits. ■ /,.  .'   -    ■;..   ', .   ■ ', .
.-: Socialism, "would substitute' the pre?
vailing-method "of private enterprise
*°.r Individual ".profit'by a system of
social production for,collective use.
A'We" would "not»leave our-poltical
desllpies in the'hands>of>"a 6elf-cons"ti-
tuted.Jbligarchy,. with  power  to'?'use
.the*government'of,'the United, States'
for:i.their Individual"ends'without regard to,fthe popular ;wlii' or public
needs —but .that, is,,precisely /what'.wo'
are\ doing now with^bur-.more .vital
economic'*, interest's.-.: 'J    .' ,-'
;-, As'V democracy .'means political self-
government, so,Socialism calls for in-
dustriairself-government.', ,y-   ■ ".' *
lyy Socialism does .not- strive ib-- throw
■•-JV.'t'ack ;into'-, the I, melting-i.pot rthe.>es-v
i"t»b^ished':-spciai;.orde"r*willi thb "accV
|4-" mulat«? fr'uIts'oC the progress of, con-.'
I ;^;"t"i'les.y IJT does- nbt'-s<^.l-_t-i_.hr!ng-into'-
y<-\tho.world ah enti'r'eiy-n"'ew type"of vc'ifi"'
I v -liza:tion';\J, It_advoc_i.es-a cliarige-Iri'-tli^
l"? ^PTOvailing methods of.creatingand dis-
p,.v--^*,;''V,X>u-.¥_ H.ir.iy-: ..      ;x.'_*,.'
,."'" /What AM Socialists Believe1 7
"• Stated iri'moiV.'concrete terms, the
Socialist, program requires'the public
or collective.owner'ship\and-operation
of the principal instruments, and agencies, for .'the production ..and* 'd'istribu-
tion of'^alth—tho, land/ mines, railroads]'steamboats,.'telegraph and telephone- lines,, mills, factories and mod-
erh''?machiner.'."! l'' ■'■'-- '• ; ' ■ 'A,-" '. >' '
.'- This -is- the main .proigraia^a'nd '; the
ultimate -aim?"bf'-the?-.whole ?Socialist
movement^and thb* political-.creed .of
all Socialis"ts.;-;jt is thexunfaillng"test
bf^Socialist adherence, and. admits of
no'limltatlon^'o__tenslon;fcor\yarlatibri.
J^oey^acMptB-tlilB^rograi^s-^-
Socialist;, whoever-does notils'not. '
"•''Individual-. Socialists may ■■differ in
their general social conceptions, '■ They
may. come 'to'the"Socialist ideal "by
various- roads.*   They, may-.disagree
with each otherfori questions.of.?me:
'thods. " -But they are'alllir,acbbhToii
the main,;object' of 'the movement.'
.The .common complaint about" the-"hu-
merous varieties "of Soclalism"jspriiigs
ffoni a; superficial knowledge-of, the
Socialist"philosophy..-,  As"a matter of
fact, no political party .has'-ever1 advanced a Socialist program; as definite
consistent and uniform "as that "of. international Socialism.     .  Ayy'-"
. But simple "as is "the Soclalistfpro-
gram.it signifies- a ?re volution "in our
industrial life and social relations." It
advocates a.new"order.  -Hence'it.la
bound to be maligned by the beneficiaries of the present regime and mis"-
understood by thb conservative.multl-
tude.      if!   '.'  ..   . ■:■■,-]
t   It is safe*.to assert,that no-other
movement .has ever been so grossly
and persilstently misinterpreted. .. A
closer analysis of'the program as here
formulated .will help  to dispel some
of the most .common "misconceptions."
Somes' Popular Misconceptions  *'■ -
•We, have .-stated tha,t"Socialism; de:'
mands the collective "ownership of tho
instruments,,*- of    wealth -production.
This demand*.is often',translated by
the critics of the .movement' into'the
unceremonious'formula: " -   '-■.-'    -
'  "Sooialism.stands for.a divi'sion'.of
wealth." ;*A'few years- ago the -chancellor -,of,' one of bur metropolitan* universities ' spent his well-earned,,,vacation on the other side,of the Atlantic,,
and on that occasion was received in
audience* b/'King Haakon,-'then just
called^to'the throne,,of Norway.     On
his return'to this country'the learned
"chancelibr in' a published  interview
expressed his;ad"mirationof,the intelligence and sound common-sense of the
young ruler?'-.": As "evidence' of these
useful qualities the professor related
the /"following conversation,  between
himself ^and? His'" Majesty (I quote
from memory.).: A-' A
■-".What -progress is "Socialism making in your, country?'.' inquired the investigating American ,savant., 7 "7. I
„"6h, it is growing some',", .observed
the King, "but* it is not a serious men-
nce. ;: .Socialism,'isVb'ound 'to.faiV be?
cause of the' utter sililiiess of its pro-;
gram.,.;, Suppose we should today di-
.vldel..the_; wealth\of _ Norway .equally
among all.inhabitants.,; An"'hour after
the process.a new.baby?is born. .What
IVrt«o *' r.v,_,ii  L_:_ ] "_■»  a_j   _- _'   '-       *
lor agreed that Sqcialism puYthe'baby-
and the baby pur'Socialism into" a
.mtist awks\-ard predicament. - By one
simple;hypothesls:'two'' great minds
had once more destroyed a Socialist
ghost pf their own' creation to the entire satisfaction of'themselves. A *■■ -"
,- Since that momentous conversation
the Socialist movement 'has'-'added
about twenty-fiveA'per cent" to ■ it's
strength. - ■"-■.-
Hlnn 1_J!_QV,n1l_U;«   „_«„-_J_ i_' ' : _-.
distribution, or.shall'the ;baby be Jeff
•entirely, destitute?'?' _.'"•'!   ' A ,, .    "'
Both His. Majesty, an^ our chancel-
y ■    Combination—Not Division , -:
, .Socialism, of course/does not advo^
cate a division of wealth."* The Socialist programdoes .not deal with consumable wealth, but* with productive
wealth;"itdoes notas'sail wealth as
a means of, private'-enjoyment,.but*
wealth as? an instrument of social oppression and -exploitation-. ' The Socialists would' socialize the tools of
production, not the products.     '
■'They, View with placid indifference
the private ownership - of   dwelling
houses and .'gowns, automobiles,,and'
yachts.     They, do?riot even covet the
Innnocent individual tool,'and do not
reach out an avaricious hand for, tho
■artist's .paint-brush-bt the housewife's
needle or sewing-machine. What they
object to is the-Individual ownership
of social Instruments of work,.- the'
sources or implements    of    general
wealth, or operated by'the masses, producing, goods for-"the "market,'! and
indispensable to,-the life and well-being of society as a whole'.
'■'And.even within this'restricted area
the .-Socialist ,plan is' not one "of divJ,
sion or distribution,".'but,on the contrary, one of combination and undivided ownership.    The,;principle may be
Illustrated by comparison   with ' the
functions;and,character of our public
streets."- The streets,are the common
or public property of -our cities."- They
are-.laid-out, paved? and repaired'at
public expense. -   They' are maintained
for'our joint uso and benefit.   . We
all own them. '   But 'we'do hot divide
up the' cobblestones ratably among all
citizens. .','.'•    ■
'" :.   The""Share'Alike" Bogy ",
", And similarly unfounded . is - the
widespread .notion Ahat Socialism
stands for equal reward.of alf*labor.'
. Socialism is opposed" to the'practice
of- allowing, the idlers to appropriate
partrof, the .workers'-product in'.the
shape of-profits.*"';'-It' demands'that
the total social product," after due al-
lowancefor-sbcial needs, go uncu'rtail-
ed lo all person's/participating in the
process of, production' by manual or
mental labor. , But it does not contemplate an'-egual'dislribution of the
product ''among' the' individual work--,
ers. - Socialism' adjnit's of varying
scaleAbf compensation'based'on tlie
conventional distinctions of skill and
ability.': Tlie oft-expressed fear that a
^MOOialist-^system^of^jrOduction'^TWOTrd'
destroy personal ambition and deprive
the indlvi'duaf bf?an incentive to'put
forth his best'efforts^ is based on'a'
.'confusion between the' crude communism which preaches ' community
of "goods and equality of reward, and
Socialism .which 'hai_ "riot even the re-'
motest of kinship with"' it? -
Communism is the peculiar creed of'
certain religions sects'and the dream
of a^ few groups of" Utopian social experimenters. . Socialism is a realistic
mass movement rooted in modern economic conditions. "
PAGE THEEE
, -What "Public" Ownership Means
A Another source of persistent misinterpretation iurks"in the term "public"
or -"collective",-ownership as used in
tlie formation of -the. Socialist program..'. The superficial, critics of the'
Socialist philosophy. • invariably identify that expression .with "government
ownership," and thence jump at the
conclusion, that, the Socialists'contemplate a state of society in which all
industries of the "country, largo and
small will be operated" and directed
from one great national center. -This
is 'the orlginA"and foundation of the
bugaboo of "Socialist paternalism and
tyranny." : \ ■'.'„
Not so long ago,   Mr. -' David   M.
Pawy, one-time president of the-National    Manufacturers'    Association,
wrote a novel ontltlod "The Scarlet
Empire." which wtfs mainly a description of the "Socialist State'-' as' the
author conceived it., * It was a horrible state. Government regulation was
the rule in all private and public pursuits of the citizens. ', The' government fixed the occupation of each person, prepared a uniform menu for ail
inhabitants,from.'day'to day, prescrib?
ed the fashion, cut and pattern of their
dress, and regulated their' routine of
daily Jife, tlieir   religion.' marriages
and amusements. , uIt-was a reign of
relentless tyranny,' a life, of insuffero
able uniformity and monotony.    ,Mr_
Parry.had set himself,"the task 'of
conjuring a" picture-of-an order of society, even ;'mor,e oppressive than our
present'regime, and--he almost succeeded.,   y      y ^ '
"The-book was intended as a satire
on the 'Socialist ideal. , If the genial
author could only appreciate what a'
delightful, satire ho had .unconsciously
produced on" the mental caliber of a
cectain.class of_critics of.the Socialist
philosophy!' A '.       "    '
. Public ownership,does not necessarily, mean government ownership, and
government ownership'does not imply
^centralized administration. In the
practical ? application l of the Socialist
scheme, of industrial organization, it
,is quite conceivable 'that .certain industries will, be, operated, by, the .'national government.-';,' Railroad systems,
telegraph' ."and? telephbhe'''lines are inherently I.national 'pin ..'their,, functions,
and, many other' industries' are already
other, important industries' are' purely
local in their character, and can best
be administered by local,governmental
agencies.    Street railways, water and
gas-works? for instance .must logically come within the purview of -muni?
cipal ■ -governments, _* and   numerous
smaller industries may be conducted
by local co-operative groups under "aV-
proprl__te'ru_es''.tnd regulations.  ' It Is
even- conceivable * that some callings
may continue to'be exercised   in   a
purely individual way under a Socialist regime. - There is no reason .why
the state should' interfere with the Individual pursuit's" of "arts and handicrafts; or with the farmer tilling his
own-land.'    What-Socialism opposes
Is industrial, exploitation of. one man
by the, other;  what il advocates is
social and democratic production rationally organized and conducted. "
A very Illuminating analogy of such
a scheme of organization is offered
by the political framework of the Government of the United States.   Our
laws-are made and'administered by
"tho Government," but does thai mean
that the*_political' administration   of
the country in all its divisions and subdivision is lodged in the hands of 'one
central authority?    By no means  We'
have our federal statutes,, our ,slate
laws, municipal' ordinances and rules
and regulations of subordinate .local
bodies, such as health boards, fire'mid
police departments/etc.     Each class
of law operates within its own proper
sphere, and is .administered by executive  bodies- or  individuals elected
or appointed aiid? classified and graded according to-their functions and
places in the administrative scheme. •
"organized on,a,country-wide scale and
adjusted to centralized operations. To
the latter class' belong, aH great trustified industries. ".t.pn\"the other handi
A "United States of Industry." -
• ,,Tbe political funclions.of the "United
States are not exercised by a power
above the people and independent of
them; nor are they "regulated in all
particulars and at all' times by the
direct action of all the" people.'"  Our
government is neither a :__ueaucracy
nor a system of _nob rule.  t In its purest form" it- is a rational democracy,
which allows its affairs to be administered by appropriate ^general and local
agencies, deriving their powers from
the people arid exercising them In conformity   with   their r will.   , Furthermore, our official government is sup-'
plemented hy a; number of- voluntary
"quasi-official"     institutions;'  philanthropic,     educational,,   polical,    etc.-,
"whose powers and functions are as a
rule regulated by law.   ■ We do not
allow .such .voluntary  institutions  to
exorciso vital .political' powers affobi-'
„tog.-ihe>Ights of the citizens,'.but-we
do not interfere with their self-impo:.-
€■:!• social tasks so lon,_; as'tliey t>:ji>
conccrn''?llu)se_wJialV»iinngtt_t^_.i».»^-
■ ■ i" -—. ~; , -   -;—. —vwmvt^^w — \.\jn-:^-
within the sphere* of their' operations.; .The "Socialists demand that
our industrial'affairs be- reorganized
oj^ practically the same general prin
ciples; as 'oiir political system.
" It-is quite"conceivable and evenpiro-,
bable, that bur present machinery of -
goverament.'devised for purely political* purposes,'- will jprove   inadequate
for-the discharge- of ?large economic "
functions.     In "that case'it will either' *
gradually modify its forms to meet''"
the requirements* of thenew.task.'or,'
be supplemented by. a co-ordinate sys--,
tem of industrial administration.   ,
" A' The Fear of Graft     ' '
. "But then the industries of the coun.
try will be controlled? by the politi-.'.,
cians and5infested"with graft and cor-.^
ruption" objects'the ever-ready critic.""*
The Socialists see'no ground for "such '•
apprehension.       The     "professional
politicians;" in the opprobrious sense -
of-the term, as we know him today,' is
a person who seeks private economic   '
interests in public life, and uses his *
political office or influence   for   tlie
promotion of his own pecuniary profits ■
or'those of certain business interests  -
behind  him.      Graft and  corruption '
are the only logical methods and the ■
principal stock in trade of such "s'tat-"  '
esmeh." = .
Socialized industries would exclude-
all large private business   interests,
and thus striko at the very root of
professional' politics for private gain - *
and the' main fountain-head of graft.
The Socialist program Is thus'prim-
arlly one of economic reform.   At is
not directly concerned with religious
or domestic institutions, moral concep-
tions*or intellectual'  problems. • ' jt
does not "threaten the home", or "at- •
tack religion," and Is not hostile'lo
true culture.     It advocates a definlto,,   .
plan of industrial reorganlzatlin- and   "
is chargeable with all that is fahlyin- - -
Arable from that plan, but no more '
Socialism has for that reason.-some'-
times been characterized as" a grossly
materialistic movement. '    '. ■
The Root of all Reform
- It is anything but that.    Thb Socialists, appreciate .very keenly all*?effi-
cient political; social and moral re-  \
forms. . But they expect such reforms   •
to follow economic improvements as    '
the effect follows   the   cause.,.   The'
common ownership of 'the sources "and
Instruments      of     wealth-production'
would- necessarily rne'an a more equit-   ''
able distribution of wealth among the      '
people and greater economic securityfi    -
for all human beings.     It would ,do A'
away, with tbe 'two heaviest scourges
of modern society—the mad' competl-     :
tive strugglo for individual gain, and   \.
tuo curse,of poverty, and would thus..*   '
remove the principal-causes of-civic '
and political corruption,'crime,,vice,    '-
brutality arid ignorance?,"' Just  'be-'"'  '
cause tho .Socialist movement is'baser   <-'"
on a solid and sound economic fburida-     *
tionnrifoTds out a truo social Ideal../
A SAFE INVESTMENT—   o'
A LEDGER', ADVT. I
«^a^
I
PORTALBEIINI Is tho contor of an Immense tlmbor district possess-
- .' ' Ing tlmbor for u cut' of a million foot ti dny- for forty years.  ,
POUT ALBERNI Iu undorlnld'wltl. coal, and Ib tho nearest port to tho
Pannmn Cannl iiosbohsIiib good sieum conl,     ,
PORT ALBERNI Is thirty-slx miles from tho'opon soa.iincl.ls Bltuntcd'
,ou it natural ami aufo waterway on Uio logical trado route from
"' tho Panama Cniml, Australia, Now ftoaland'and tho Orient.'
-•PORT ALBERNI has a hnrhor ono nnd a half miles wldo ranging from
.,. ,00.,to,300, foot (loop, possessing natural dockage and wharfago facilities unsurpassed on tlio .Pacific Coast
PORT ALDERNI has practically a freshwater harbor, Ships coming
into Port Alborni will clear tlicinsolvos of barnacles wltnout having to navigate a difficult and dangerous channel.
Why the Railroads
Build to Port Alberni
BECAUSE of tho Tlmbor wealth of tho district which has alrondy lod
totlio oroctlon o£ ono largo sawmill and'lho soloctlon of sites'for
othors,
I1ECAU8I. of tho lnrgo valloy of which Port Alborni Is tho outlet. Ono
of tlio largest and most fori Ilo on Vancouver Island.       "
BECAUSE of tho undeveloped dco.) sea flshorlos of tho West CoaBt ot
which Port Alboml Is tho center,
.-.I-CAUflM tho.mineral rosoureoB of tho district, comprising Copper,
Gold, Coal, Mnrblo, Iron and othor minerals aro unlimited.
BECAUSE of tho magnificent harbor on which tho town stnndB—ono of
1 tho finest on tho Paolflo sonhonrd, oultnbio for tho largest shins
afloat.    "Tho Liverpool of tlio Pacific." ? J
niflCAUaH Port Alborni Is tho nearest rallwny port In Canada to Australia, Now 'Zoataml, and tho Panama Canal, nnd la tho nearest
coal port in tho North Pnclflo to tho Panama Cnnal.
BECAUSE from o!i?ht to twenty hours can bo saved on the present mall
tlmo to the Orient by tho Port Alborni route, via Vnnoouvor or via
.Fort Gcargo. ■   ,   .
BEOAUSK! Port Alborni Is tho center of a dlatrlet rich in gnmo, door,
boar nml hlrds, flslifug, Including trout and salmon trolling, Salmon
«iJ,.pJ_?J,B,lb.B,,-,n we,,g,,t.ftro cm,sht ,,uHnK lh0 'Won. -
■ throw.!, which tho Undo nf tlio Par'Ifio ronnt -will flow to nnd fm.n
tiio Mi.f-i.uutJ. und tho 1'rairlos. ,
SEE THE GOVERNMENT, MAP8 OP B. C. AT OUR OFFICE
Port Alberni has made good iri every direction and no one denies her future
■'• 'greatness; "as an important ship'-, -
ping centrefor the Panama Canal
^
1 \ r      i ,
Glorious Climate,! Unrivalled Soouory, Hunting, Pishing (Doop Sea, Stream and Lake).'-
.1 i   ' * 1
Opportunities for Everyone, for YOU
A PLACE FOR A REAL HOME ALL THE YEAR ROUND
Building, Stroot Grading,"Soworago Work, Logging,, Sawmilling, Toamiug, Railway
Construction,Bush Oloarlng, and many other works aro proceeding. Tho first passenger
train readied tho town on Docobor 20th last, and since thon tho population has doublod.
Think of it!   Within Six IVIonths
Tho population han Doubled, Roal Estate Values aro advancing steadily, and oponing
pricos aro a,  Thing of tho Past.
If You Intend to Invest There, Do it Now
33 ft, Lots by 133'ft., $300, $450,    Terms: $15 down; $15 monthly. 7 p.o. intorost.
fiPECTAT. KOTTOF.—Tfttiwi nnd Mpm cm nil $300 nnd ?fl$D Ms wllJ U a&vuiun,& atkv
-1 *   1 ( *
l»t July,   Rosorvo yours at onco,
Has Today
DANKS—Tlitf Uniik of Montreal and tho lloynl I.nnic of Cnnndn' havo
n5«!!i0d ,r'!"ol'f8 n,,d lh0 '»»nfc ol Toronto and Dominion mink linvo
ncqiiirod sites hero,
CInlillinMm;7M!l01.''D!HA<;!)nl C}nW}l l8 b,,IU' "ml tl10 MothodlBt'clilil'cl.
b hulldlng la Port Alborni.    Tho I'roHliytorlnn unci Homiin Onlho-
Ilo ehm-ohoB hnvo nlso boon KninU><l silos by (lio Alberni Lnnd
qromni'rft   *Jln C,,,,lr,<!h ot "3,,fi]"ml ,fi locatofr at Alborni.
iin?,!* il ?i     ,} mfl 'm. J1 ?°,w Klowcniury sdiool and will pro-
bnhly ho tlio Hito of a Jllrfi Sohool for tho Woat const ot Vnncon-
!-?i.«ni.nn..'      H0Co?rt .B.f!,,°01 iB »lu"lte,J In Alberni nnd two moro
vnlloy conv°n>on«y Plnccd for fnrmors anil Bottlers ln tlio
8MflAft!.,n^"7iTI,fl Cfl"m,lnn 1>af,rl° 1'",,,,,"1' Comimny Iiiih kjioiiI $100,.
000,(10 In llio orocillnn or a Irirm modorn nnwnilll In Pnrt Alli<»-n
"      Ho!.ur<.d1HHIinH!3C'0",1'nra"11 ml11' llll(1 H',v"v"1 olllor romimnlcw hnvo
NRNy.«,?r,,^S7:T,\(;,1)0Vf A,br,n'1 NcWf! lH P'lWlHhoil Bonil-wcoWv in
•I ort Alborni.    Vloiorln nml Vnncoiivor dully imnoru can ho    ml o
iJi'a&I PU,,,k,'Ul0,,•   Th0 A1,,e»" Advocnli"l\!!bK wooM?
STOi!Sid9,,mnvj„!!1?r':f;tlrT,ll<!,'°Hro ,wo Kfm(1 holol«J" '^i ah»<m-„i
k   Si ' ";,|,"llin! "T^"1 Htm",,K* I'arrtwnro bIoi-oh. hm.-h-
cih,   liiRKlBf, boot Hinrofl, iiifii'h ontfliloni, taUorii. bnliory, inundrv
nto   ot"        ' ClKMr "t0P0'' l,ll,lnnl n,I(l ',0,,1 woiob. bnii^'/thoairi;
0I,TCSi_5!^_,-!l?,li '"K ^JfUlHIWbo hoII 111 tlio Alborni V.,ll,v
R OHfiocInlly HillU'd for finlt un,   |„jX(,,i rtti-inliiK      I'imh-Iwh mil
fi IS fSKo '    l3l,,c'",,",' ,,0K"' enll,u "'»» »'«'M» «ru wry profii.
THeinirt}'ii?"^«7_T1il? 'l0.'M> 80U "■>«nri<'H of thn WobI count, r-oi,iprl„.
n„i?n', ""l"1, ,,or,l"« n,ul S"1"1"". will pmvlilo n ilvln"  for
r'VI)H,^Ti!l,::£~CI""!I) 2MVH c"11 ll° '•«'• 'rom ihfl Mnllwnv rornnnnv and
l ill-. Sicmi'i v '-Hl'Kll and 1..!..Ii__<h._ i,ui,. 'n,0 Krown, „r „10 rltHtl...,,
Till   1     r ™ {1'TI^' , ,,W),,,n !,r" lta,,|i,,,K "' «">*.
llll'j I-U(ilil<.l-—-1 lit) .|0W<lmimr>tit nf llm hnmifrn'r, M...1,  ,. ,
Hi-v'-nn'"1:!? fy'* 0I,",|fl''I,,,,,,,t t0 h™ »»'"l»3rH or loi-.ror. nnd
TII10 TOUIUHT-TUfl r'pViiIp lV.»ii.|.»-_ of Vim. nnvor Uhml t-,n 1
»rc.iiifim i nrlc fit limtlti. I..iKur-7lic Y<.-llow«iono of Ciminln.
The Union Land Company, Limited
NATAL, B.C.
■Sv*'
■ fl
"'I
'" il
1   I
■I
11
A
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-HI
". ,,.)
\ THE DISTBICT LEDGEB,  fSRKIE,   B. 0, JULT 20,1912-
Socialist Critic Answered
H. C, L- il
- (London,
This is
eve from the Qour-
Englaiffl). tor June jStb, delivei
suffi of an article upon
j>en_ccrac_v and Bevisio
would Be led —
ish of trumpets with "'™ ie «'	
enters the arena. Indeed, the tart
of the essay is obscure and elusive,
nothing definite Is given-ont nor a
direct statement of the Socialist position, our compliments ioR-Ci. ShIIful
word spinning and subtle evasion, not
to sal- deliberate falsiticatioi
j law;
which a
ford to smile
Of course the ablest
Socialists are those i
of Marx.
after all.
fievisioa-
_ the ablest, because ther are Wins
do that ffbich R. C. ___ would fain
n do. n
ie of the Maw I
i Ger-
"A crisis lias been caused
man Socialism partly through tbe impeachment by Socialist thinkers themselves ot tbe fundamental Mania*
doctrines and partly through the proved frnmessness of social democracy
for practical political ends." Thus
R.C. L.
We know well the kind of "Practical
political ends" R. C. L. has in mind,
the '-beads I win tails you lose" parliamentary shuffle so beloved hy capitalist reformers.
Recent developments   have   shown
that the uniting with "bourgeois pro-
a fata! move for tbe So-
s the s
cialist :
hack the Belgian comrades have suffered through uniting in a temporary'
coalition with the Liberals.
witb
■e both a
Capital and labor are ene
opposing interests and to ser
the same time is impossible.
Again, this "impeachment of fundamental Marxian doctrines" will appear
upon investigation to be nothing of the
The fundamental Marxian doctrfnes
are the labor theory of value and the
materialist interpretation of history.
Upon these two facts Mars built his
economic system. Bemstien, the Re- j
visionist cbief, Rosa LnieisburE, or j
any Socialist of note, does not attempt'
tc "impeach" these fundamentals. Indeed, Investigating farther we shall see
that the differences of opinion centre
ifdnnd the question of tactics. This
cannot be avoided; there is nothing
in Socialism that moulds men's minds
into one set channel, with each and
every one thinking, dressing and talfc-
ing alike. Only the) foolish hyper-
crltic Tho having blunted his nails
and battered hie head npoa tbe. solid
rock ot Marxian economics, -would try
sad make such a point.
For instance: Evolution Is generally accepted by men of science to
day as being a firmly established fact.
Many learned men, however, disagree
upon minor details. Critics there are
amongst the "njosiiuito" tribe of intellect who declare this to be a destroying of the fundamentals of evolution. No one notices these however
but to smile a little. The d'versi.y
of opinion In detail over evolution is
no proof of its falsity, but
trary ls more flnnly establishing it
in. the saddle. That so many able
wen, -working along different lines
should agree upon (he genera! and
central facts is proof cf the truth of
the proposition. The same reasoning
applies to the Socialist evolutionary
sociology founded by liars, Engels
and DleUgen. All are agreed tbat society evolves. All know that change
Is eternal and ever constant: all un- j
derstand that labor produces 3II
wealth; all know that the capitalist
system is built upon the exploitation
nf tHe working Plans. Every socialist worthy of the name knows that
social evolution proceeds and that production of wealth has tieen carried on
under a communal system; a chattel
slave system; a serf labor system and
a wage slave system. All know thai
as these previous systems have risen,
waned and gone their way. mergi-ig
By   ALF   BUDDEN
The Labor theory of Value was nsed
by Adam Smith and Sicardo before
Msra, but it was Marx's peculiar gifts
that drew the two former economists
of the confusing circle in which
they found-themseives. Marx discovered the nature of Surplus Valne and
Labor Power which sail remain irrefutable and admitted by all Socialists to
_e troe and proven conclusively so by
letnal experience. These are one or
wo minor points to he dealt with be-
ore we come to R. C 1j-ts main contention.
He finds Socialists Monarchists.
Here Is a discovery indeed and the
method used betrays the lawyer.
says:: "Kaatsfey, who considers
;lf orthodox sometime ago, gave
his approval of a Socialist work which
■raclaimed the alternative Monarchy
r Republic as Important" Is this a
joke. R. C. L.
Does It make me a Christian because I say "So long as tbe worker
is exploited the matter ot Christian
boss or Atheist master Is animpor-
tant"? Why not turn it round and
say there are Republican Socialists,
because the writer mentioned Republi-
ls well as Monarchists. Go to-
yon play the fool.
st we are told something new,
tbat there are Christian Socialists and
a writer in a Revisionist organ
aims that without religion the Socialists cannot hope for success. This
is indeed a revelation; why all sorts
_nd condition of cranks daily bawl
.hat from the housetops.
Mind is subject to the evolutionary
,-,1-ocess just as any other matter and
:hese religious cries usnaliy come from
iomeo.ie in the early stages of evolu-
:ion from Capitalist to Socialist mind.
Howev_r. despite these wails the Socialist movement spreads and spreads
-God cr no God—relifion or no re-
[9) "The Revisionist Quessel el-
poses tbe delusion that society Is becoming sharply defined into Capital-
tB and Proletarians."
We shall deal with these items as
they come and then, perhaps, R. C. 1*
would object and say he has not made
these statements-'-twas the Revisionists." But since after having quoted
he foregoing he says himself tbat
this overtbrowal leaves noting intact," he cannot escape from his
,wi_ statements. He. at least, probably considers the article a crashing
blow at sf-irxian Socialism.
ese critics do not read
Marx, then gallons of ink would be
.ved'7
It will be noticed that we have numbered tbe objections urged and will
deal with them accordingly.
If we look at numbers 7, 8, 9 and 10
s shaR Immediately see tbat the fundamentals of Marxism remain serenely
untouched. None of these pretend to
deny or refute tbe Labor theory of
value or the Materialist tnterpreta-
. of History.
and 8.   This is a aenlal of tbe nlti-
:e outcome of Capitalism, more or
1 of a prophetic nature, but the
gentleman who points to tbe land as a
denial of this bas another "point" com-
1 economic
0 Ihe new. so they ;j?o understand
that the present capitalise system can-
Change is eternal, and so far tbe
Socialists seem to be the only people
aware of this.
Returning to "the fruitleasness of
Social Democracy for practical political ends," we might say. In passing,
that on page 9Ji of this same Spectator we have Professor Jlallock coming!
forward and saying that "tbe Socialists are the only party wbo ha?e
shown themselves systematically sensible" in dealing with the minimum
wage.     In other words—Practical.
By R-CX-'s argument this disagreement of himself and Professor Mallock
upon this important issue should des-|
troy their other contentions auent So-1
clallsm and forever seal tbeir lips.
Tbe writer apologizes for introducing an argument so trivial, but simply
points this out in order to show the
absurdity ot B- C- I*** contention tbat
disagreement upon detail proves the
falsify of tbe subject under disenssion-
Not only Socialists use th*
theory of economic determinism, but
Professor Seiigman, Drs. Glb&in and
Rodgera use this method in developing I
their historical works with great anc-
h. is a very fine specimen,
teds to tell u. that the Mai
_hing has been overthrown 1
the   Revisionists   and   then   without
pausing to inanire into these Revis.
lonist writen;' statement., passes mer-
and  says:   "As Marxian Socialism was originally purely
this  overtbrowal  of
ise leaves nothing inta-
A little knowledge is
thing- when, however, it is coupled
with a. shifty disposition to fab
Is a desperate thing and ought
it out of its misery.
It has already been shown so often
that the Marxian theory of value {te.
that labor  is  the  source  of valne)
today as yesterday, that re-]
petition ia vain. Tbe economic de*er.
mioism of Man has done and will bear
the test of the most rigid serntiny.
And here let os say that it ia self-:
evident tbat Marxian Socialism waa I
never purely economic, as witness tbe
philosophical and historical Writings
of the old Jew. Tbe Marxian system
a system of evolutionary sociology
touching human me
In his baste to down asRCL flnds
os suffering wltb Internal cancer be-
Bebel disagree with Rosa Luxemburg over the general strike at the
Jena Congress, 1911.
R. C- Ii forgetB to mention, however,
that after Rebel's reply to tbe proposition "Rosa" withdrew ber motion for
sucb a proceeding. The wisdom of
a general strike is a debatable point
amongst Socialists, wbich, of course,
"destroys the fundamentals"! Two
generals opon a battle field debate
over which is the wisest course of
action, they are therefore not agreed
as to there actually being a war in
progress!
!     Here's another desperate blow:
'Socialist internationalism is threat-
teued." The foregoing sentence stands
isolated in the article without a shadow of contention for or against. A
statement is not a proof, and the only
hint of international complications R.
C. U gives Is tbat "tbe German So-
ialist Pannekoek complains of tbe
nanner in which German Socialists
icore the bourgeoisie. This
;rave crisis for sure. No doubt the
DriK-h and German parties will de-
over this. This about clears
the field of petty abjections save those
iiich deal with pure political tactics
of the German Party on the floor of
The hnb ot the article
around te following:
'•Facts and ideas   are   killing   tbe
Mani em which is tbe foundation of
tbe  German  Social Democracy .
they are ignoring Tacts. ....
Erfurt programme, dating from 1891
proclaims Marxism to be
thing absolute and irrefragibl.
crystallised for all time."
The writer has read the Erfni
gramme with care but falls" ti
any attempt to regard Marxism in the
light mentioned by R. C. I_.
R. C. L. farther says: "The Erfhrt
Programme,' '91, opioids the Marxian
ideas (1) that witb increasing C*pl
talism working-class misery deepens;
(2) tbat wages fall and (3) henof
lengthen; tbat (4} unemployment anc
(5) Industrial crises grow worse; trad j
(6> that through, its own insaffldency'.
capitalism, must finally disappear-In; a
catastrophic crash."
(T) "Tbat capitalist conoentrstlon
must absorb all means ot production/'
and here he introduces a Bevi^onlst
wbo states tbia cannot be, and farther
points .8) to tbe land as -.denial of
R. C. L. says on this point when the
present day Social Democrats watch
Danish dairy farming, Irish land pur-
jhase and tbe Russian division amongst the peasants of proprietorial, estates plain inductive reasoning teaches
them that the Marxian principle
Also he might bave !
the "bacS to the land" cry of England
and settlement of the new world. Pity
R. C.-L. cannot nse this indi
sonlng. Danish dairy farming, Irish
land purchase and tbe Russian division is part of the general law of capitalist accumulation. All come under
the general category.
All modern governments are capitalistic governments, with, in the Old
World, large land-owning capitalist;
also represented. Title-deeds to tbe
ownership of land are useless, unless
enabled to own tbe produce
raised thereon. Man does not
by land, bnt on tbe things wrung from
tbe land. The capitalist class of Ba-
rope are in a tight corner. The Oriental competition and that of the Americas' (where ther is no land aristocracy to combat) Is a terrible menace
the industrial Lords of England,
Germany, Russia and the other conn-
tries. Above all, cheap labor is desirable to continue tbeir industries.
This was ensured In England by "free
trade" for some time.
Sow, however, the
purchase," and "back to the land" slogans begin to appear. For If the in-1
dustrial worker can be forced out on
the land to raise food stuffs for himself and family (working in tbe fat.,
tory during tbe day) wages in industry naturally fall, sines they are has-
ed opon the cost of subsistence. Tbis
has been worked with great snecess in
Belgium, government trains carry the
worker to and from bis job in tbe cities and "back to tbe land" at night.
Tbe Irish land purchase is based
upon the same thing. A landlord
who cannot get workers on bis land
might just as well not be a landlord.
The bloody expropriation which took:
place about the years 1851-61 drove
America countless Irish small farmers. This legislation and expropriation, was necessary to the centralisation of landed capital, for Ireland was
turned into a grazing country. Lord
Dnfferln at tbat time declared
Ireland was still over populated
mast get rid of at least one-third of
million laboring men "to be perfect,
ly 'happy."
however, since the coming of
tbecanned beef, pork, and general meat I
Industry, grazing lands are not so de-1
sirable. How, then, to get those people;
back to tbe bind." and make them
he most indnstrious?   Tbat is, make
them produce the-greatest amount of
stofls, tbat the market may be
always full and prices low, with the
sequent cheapening of the money
wage of Industrial workers".     Simple
enough.   First, with the political pow-
make your government take  tbe
land off your hands, for a price
dwellers as proletarians,
the lumpen' proletariat? The word
signifies tbe propertyless—all those
who do not get benefits from ownership of property are proletarians. For
the ownership of title deeds to some-
tbing from which one-derives no in-
about the same as not having them. such are -the "milkers"
bidders at common stock in small
quantities in capitalist enterprises.
Every time a reorganization of certain
Industries is undertaken by a Morgan
other financial giant these
"milkers" are sweetly and beautifully
frozen out. The rural population of
this country held as they are absolute-
mercy of the' great railway
corporations, are reduced to the status
of proletarians, 85 per cent having
parted witb their deeds to the mortgage company. The others bow the
knee to King Capital. The small storekeeper, if he were only candid, would
admit tbat all above a living of fairly
decent standard is stripped from him
by tbe great aggregations of capital.
The growth of the trusts, combines
id corporations is going on apace
id In consequence, since it is impos-
ble to add one iota of matter to that
already existing, and since it Is the
function of the trust to absorb all the
property In sight, the Capitalist and
Proletarian divisions of society grow
! sharply defined. As a matter of fact the delusion exists In the
minds of those "educated" proletar-
middle class, wbo beholding
the glories of the past, sigh for their
and the wish is father of the
thought
10.—"Bernstiea rejects the dogma of
tho ultimate 'public" ownership of all
tbe means of product!!
Bernstein may (if not misquoted)
reject this if be wishes. The Socialists
do not stand for "public" ownership
but SOCIAL OWNERSHIP. Anyway,
the tendency of capitalist development
is to organize the machinery of production into trusts and unles Bernstien is
in wireless communication
and KNOWS that something win happen in the future, prophesy
gerons thing. There is certainly more
evidence so far for than against.
The Russian land distribution Is |
also in accord wiih the law of accu-1
mulation. It must always be remem- |
bered tbat tbe tactics of a capital- \
1st government in any country must \
be in accord with the development of
capital ia tbat eountry.
The development of industrial capital draws the rural population from
the land into the cities. In tbe early
stages of the game there is always
a straggle against this on the part of
tbe landlords. The Rnsslan "Mir," a
type of communal village witb its own
domestic production o! clothes, food
and shelter, stifles the home market
of the industrial capitalists.- On tbe
other hand, so long as wants are supplied, no desire Is manifested to deliver a,surplus for parasites to thrive
on. The, division of estates then,
brought about these desirable results:
(1) By isolation upon separate farms
tbe peasant family cannot produce ao
much home-spun goods    as   by   the
These are'says, regarding.wages:-
"The Capitalist system means under
cirenmstanees the exploitation of
the worker. .... And, exploitation
must be great even where wage3 are
. Bnt wages rarely reacn the
highest point which even these circum-
itances will permit. _ More' often tbey
ire found to be nearer tbe lowest pos-
iible point. . . . _ Wages. swing bet-
veen these two extremes. Tbe less
the necessities"cf the workman, tbe
larger the" supply, of labor on the market, and the *lighter the capacity of
the working man   for   resistance, the
•teady development? not a crash.- . .
One word more. H. C. L-'s remarks
about "tbe political?- moral and other
excrescences, which Social Democracy
has grown' bn to Marxism, are tbe re1
salt of his not understanding that
Marxian Socialism.Is a system of poll-
economy founded upon' biology
1 consistent world philosophy evolved from the workings of these two.
lower wages sink."    .
To those versed in political econ-
ny it wiR be apparent tbat this Is
sane enough.     The laws of tbe market, supply and demand, rule the price
labor power, just as It rules any
commodity.     The law of value determines tbe value In tie absolute.   That
bave not gone lower than tbey
due to tbe efforts of unions and
the opening up of new countries which
relieved for the time being the pres-
ire on the labor market
Kautsky further says:
"In general, wages must be high <
igh to keep the working man   in
condition to work, or to speak more 1
cnrately, they must be high enough
secure the Capitalist the measure
labor power   he   needs. .    .     Wages
must be high enough not only to keep
the workingman in a condition
children to replace
-.'-It ls finished,'-and .R...C...L.Vlnay■
never see'it ?■ -But the writer is satl&-.
flek. if ond person is attracted by this,
dlssertatiol upon Socialism. 7,On the.
other handi/if; those who 'wrlM so :
glibly would only read up first.what,
a lot of In they-would save; but
P-r^r-ih?* Oi-lnretu, typeinakers, paper-
makers and a tomdred allied trades
would suffer.     Bsmetr-lt is written.
is created in the bome markets for
factory made goods.
ation means faster and more la-
is -work. Hence the capitalist's
msebinery can be introduced,
result, greater prodnstion of snrplnB.
(3) The masters of tbe situation reap
tbe profits, as witness although Russian peasants ,were dying of atarva-
an abnormal rate per year, the
exports of farm produce continned
from tbat country, clearly proving tbat
although.these estates bave been divided, the produce of those peasants'
toll belonged to the real owners of the
country, the Capitalist Landlords and
Landlord Capitalists, for no husbandmen In bis senses would send Ws produce abroad and starve htmimlf to
death. Was tbat produce taken by
its real owners and sold over tbe head
of the producer? Indeed -so ruthless were these, owners (a peculiarity
at Capital) that to save the slaves
for yet a few mort, years labor ibe
'ernment bad to forbid exportation
You Must Nbt Fafl to See
a "pension" for all time in
government bonds, next subdivide tbis
land into small farms and "sell" on
a long payment system extending over
years, to small farmers. Result: (1)
with the vision of gaining the land
freehold some time—the purchaser
-works harder than as a tenant; (2}
consequent steady supply of foc-^tfiffs
for industrial slaves at prices lowering as the efficiency of machinery
goes on; (3) a cheaper method of collecting surplus values ' (once called
"renf now government bonds), for
tbe collecting of rents from tbe turbulent Irish peasantry was always
expensive affair {*) tbe expense of the
constabulary forces considerably lessened (which expense the master bad
of land In the bands of'the state (the
capitalist state), any revolt against
which on tbe pnrcbaaer'B part Is treason; (6) blindfolding of anch eminent
economists as B, c L, and George Von
Contention 9.—"ExpreeB the delusion that society is becoming sharply 1
defined into Capitalists' and Proletarians."
We now enter the last lap.
"Facts and ideas are Wiling
Marxism upon which the German So-
11'-   Democracy   Is   founded	
'has the Erfurt Programme upholds
liv Marxian idea that (1) with In
reading capitalism working clajs mls-
_y deepens."
Need we argue about this? Tbo
continual shrinkage in tbe valne of
gold, causing such a sharp rise In tbe
price of living; tbe continual displace-
aen by machinery; tbe competition for jobs; speeding up; tbe
destruction of skill by tbe machine,
the competition of the Orient should
far to show that working class rnis-
* Is deepening. Bat, and here, after all is the test: Does R. C. L. sop-
that the "Labor unrest," the
volt in England which ever grows
worse, the syndicalism of France aud
Italy, the growth of the German Social Democracy, tbe general strike of
Sweden, tbe rioting at Vienna, and
through Anstria-HnngBry,
suit of Socialist : agitation? Would
tbe propaganda of Socialism bave the
same, or any effect ia Central Africa
where CapUaQBm bad not penetrated?
Certainly not. Our talk-would not
even be Intelligent to tbem. These
stupendous labor upheavals.
New World as in the Old, show,, but
one thing, tbe deepening poverty
discontent of the vrorkara : and . the
growing class iatfH-ihetween the two
(2) "Tbat wages and (3) boms lens
then."
Let ns look the -natter np and see
what the Erfurt Programme bas
about wages   and   houra.     —
commenting on tbe Erfurt-Programme
Women and children are Introduced
Into Industry owing to tbe machine
process, skilled labor becomes less
and less well paid," and so on. The
reader is referred to Marx's Capital,
VoLL      ' I
Lengthening hours. R. C. L. cannot even state the Marxian viewpoint I
upon this question. In Capital, page
447, "Vol. L, we Hnd:
"'Tbe immoderate .lengthening of
the working day produced by machinery in the hands of Capital, leads to a
reaction on the part of society, the
very sources of whose life are menaced, and thence to a, normal working
day whose length is fixed by the law.
....." The reader will clearly see
tbat where we have labor not carried
by fits and starts, bnt repeated
day after day, a point must be reached where, extension of tbe working
day and Intensity of labor mutually
exclude one another, in such a way
tbat the lengthening of tbe working
day becomes compatible only witb
lower degree of Intensity and a higher
degree of intensity only with a shortening of the working day.
So soon as tbe gradually surging revolt of the working class compels psjv
iiament to compulsorily shorten, tha
hours of labor and to begin by i
normal working day on factor-
>' soon consequently as a
creased production of the surplus
value, by a prolongation of the working day, was pot a stop to, from tbat!
moment capital threw itself Into tbe
prodncion. of surplus values by hastening the improvement "to machinery."
Tbe "surging revolt of tbe working
class" finds expression to tbe Social
Democracy oT wbich our critic B. C. L.
Is sa hypercritical. Thns it would
appear tbat the lengthening of South
flnds itself checkmated" not hy the
"bourgolsie progressist--" not hy tbe
"horrid" Social Democrats.
(4) "Tbat unemployment and Industrial crises  grows, worse."     E
Look around In any capitallz-'
ed country and also follow the advent
of tbe various crises, and their widespread effects. The "unemployment
problem" confronts the governments
of all countries now as never, before.
Lloyd George is palsied by tbe situation despite tbe fact that "the colon-1
ies'"* are absorbing large quantities of
of slaves. America finds itself also
in trouble? and Canada too. If Ger-1
many does not so suffer it is because
tbe heads of tbat dreaded Social Democracy understood the situation and
endeavor to grapple with It.
Crises first made their: appearance
i 1825 aud continued '3S, '47, '57, .'66.
jming in spasms of about ten years
separation until 1907, from which ac-
o  a writer on  political ee-
onomy_in the Saturday Evening Post
have not yet recovered.   He says,
creeping   paralysis   is   creeping
r Atiierican Industry wbich no pow-
)f oars can hold back."
G)    "That through  Its own  Insufficiency Capitalism must finally disappear in a catastrophic crash."
3 unable to find this In the
Erfurt Programme so bark back to
tbe Marxism npon wbich It is built.
Thus the old revolutionist speaks.
"Expropriation fulfils itself through
the play of laws immanent in capitalist production. The transformation of
the Instruments of.labor into instru-
of lahor which can only be employed coileetlvely and the economising of aB the means of production
through their employment aa cajnmon
means of production; of combined social labor. .... With the constantly diminishing nnmbera of capitalist magnates wbo usurp and monopolise all the advantages of, thia process of. transformation, grows tbe.
mass of misery, oppression, slavery, degradation and robbery, bnt with these
grow, also the revolt of the working
class and tbe constant progress in
union, and organization of the working
class brought abont through the
chanlsm of tbe capitalist procesi
production.
Free Circus.Strf^
9 banUS, 25U hOrSeS, elephants, cameTs™lS
people of all dimes in natirecosturoes^H>e shownut paraded
3W eluws dafly—afiemooiTat % night at 8,*doofs"bpeBat l'
and 7 pfltiSfaterproof tents^Adiii___sii)n __5.cents_tosee U __D^
FERNIE, FRIDAY AUG, 2
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
Lumber for all
here at any time mi in any
(inanity.. '"Xou cannot swamp
ns witti a Urge order, or give
us so small a on* that we win
not attend to it.       '
THERE ARE BOARDS, BEAMS
JOISTS, SHINGLES, Etc.
tar any kind ol building jon
ma? be at work upon?  H»to   '
us" send you what you wnnt
when yon want it
to the methods of production developed with and under It.
Tbe concentration of the meat
production and tbe organization: ot labor reach a point where it comes Into
collision with its capitalist covering.
It is broken. The hour of capitalist
private property strikes. The expro-
ThlB Is
■HiillHi
Capital Paid Up...
Just as a successful merchant makes every
effort to give his customers courteous, efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank
of Hamilton'endeavor to render to depositors
every servlso consistent with conservative
banking practice.
No deposit ta too small to assure the depositor considerate treatment—tbe savings
accounts of those in moderate circumstances
are welcomed with courtesy, and wltb ab-
of undue formality which makes bunk-
convenience nnd a pleasure.
jr. R. Sloan, Agent
Dr. Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
for Blood Poison!
Proatmte Glana IjIHhihiation, Old Clin
Museum of Anatomy
In tbla fixrmt Hihus Ib »hown by U'e size models, monilroiltleJ j
normal ana abnormal Mnaltiona o£ tha varloui parts-of the body, lllus
fasting folly.botn acute and. chniotc dlicuu ot mat.
Free Co-ns«lta.tioi> andAdvice
ky hot-iO) ftTJicK, tisiraa otabaotxibd cbrbs at mob
AVE! COST.
Dp. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokatf || THE DISTRICT -LEDGER, FERNIE,    B. 0., JULY 20,1912.
PAGE FIVE
V -
\-ij :■'• .-
I'-   -  .i.*i
",The '..essential character ■ of 'wealth
"production 'under the- present -System
"JsA_iat7'-'of .'profit.yThis is, merely
-another form of getting something for
* nothing, i-_It"isv self-evident that some?-
'• thing''cannbt he obtalned-ifor nothing
without .some one getting - the worst
of  the ;f deal. - •   Capitalist ..production,
-will be'speeded up to'the utmost limit,
-so long as profit can he realized. -..The
motive lying-behind it'is not the production "bt use .value, but pf exchange
•, value.'-   No matter how'urgent" the
/need of any' given-thing/its .pro'duc'-^
tion under capitalism must cease when
'profit can? no longer    tie '.obtained
through lta'pro ductlon and "sale.   The"
.matter of sale ia, bf.course, incidental-to the' process 'ot profit-getting. '
,.- Fully 'developed capitalism implies
the  capitalization  of  the  means of
wealth production, and production for
profit. .'..'•
,.. CAPITAL ° ?
*, If a* clear -understanding of what
the' real, meaning of capital.-is were
"first obtained, much confusion, might
'' be avoided in dealing with the- prob-
- leras that are continually arising und-
-erits rule. '_"'<.
'.   Capital iB a term applied to th$
means of-wealth production-under cer-
.taln circumstances only. A'mill, mine,
factory, land, etc?, may or may not-be
"capital.   "Operated exclusively by the
*laboAof the owners these things would
not be capital. - * They would be merely'.lilngs for, use, owned and operated
.- by ... the ' -same, persons. -No profit
, would accrue to the owners from such
, operation. . As the articles produced
-would contain .only their, own labor,
■ it is -clear that they could not-obtain
something for nothing. *" If?'-however,
•these mills, mines,-etc., be. owned   by
one',man or*set of men and operated
.by another manor set of men. whose
labor power is purchased as a-commodity in "the market, they take;' on
" the character'of capital, and so function'-as long as the goods or wares
" produced realize a' price' in excess of
the sum paid for the labor power purchased.' , JVith full-fledged capital"the
? labor of the owner, is- no longer expend-
?. ed. in the matter of wealth production.
'. This is entirely' carried on by- tiired
labor.-    Capital then becomes merely
„a means of exploiting or making a profit out of labor.  ' It is needless.to"say
■ tha't this labor'is.not furnished by the
owners pf capital..'       -.. ■     A-A'.
.- .Capital feeds upon wage labor.   The'
labor, market' is its'..legitimate' feed-
^ing-groundn^iAs.-eapita^develbps-and-
* becomes more completely concentrated
in the, hands of the few giaiit corporations, the greater becomes the number
7 of thbse°whb'(,are forced to'sell their
labor power tb prolong their existence.
, The  more fully stocked with  labor
it^,! majkeit7 bjcgmM, the more satis-
factory.,the s'tualJon frofkTtheTi'tand.
.point of,capital.-    Tho opportunity is
thereby furnished ,to feed Its appetite
with those choice, selections that render the largest stream of the juicy and
; succulent profit.  ■        ; - .,- ' ,"-,- .';'
It should;always-be kept In mind
that Capital is any form of property
•used for. tho purpose of making.a
profit out of labor. -.    „   " '., ' .. ,
LABOR   '„
Tlio, resources ..of'the earth cannot
bo converted into form useable by man
except by labor.    The conversion of-
tho resources of Uio earth into things
useable by mnn Is termed wealth pro-
7ductlbn,     Labor then   produces ; all
.  wonlth.    That portion of human socle-
' ty which porforms tho lnbor required
to produce tho things necessary.to the
lire of the race nnd tho prolongation
of Its' oxlstonce Ir tho only useful
,   pnrt of It.    It Is tho working clnss
nlono that riinkos evon tho mlBorablo
civilization of today posBlblo, ns it
Is thn working clans that carries tlio
bunion of Uh support upon Its baclt.
Tho working class Ib tho only part of
human socloty that socloty cannot got
along.wlthout. .      ,
Tlio position of Labor undor tho prosont systom of capitalist proporty Is
hot an cnvlnblo ono to be occupied by
so Important n factor. Lnbor powor,
or tlio powor to labor is merely an artlclo of merchandise, n wnro, a commodity to bo bought nnd sold Jn tha
market llko saiiHiigo, trlpo, spittoons or
coon skins. PossoBRlng no ownership
or control of tlio moans of production, nccofiB to which ho must hnvo In
order to llvo, tho workor soils his com-,
modlty to soma employer, Tlio moro
cwplolo tlio dovolopmont of Capita',
tlio moro glutted tho condition of the
labor mnrkot. Tho moro prono'intu
od this condition, tlio koonor nnd florc
, o* bocomos, tho competition for Jobs
Among tbo workers, An a result tha
1 Tlco of labor powur (wages) Ib l.v
ovltubly forced down oloncr and <Jomir
to tho bare coat of subsistence. In
tho face of theso advorso conditions
of t!ifl mnrkftt, Mtv» wi.!** cammf h»
forced up.
Tho farmer with hln nmnll holding,
tools, horses, etc,, doos not work for
wanes, but tlio clrcunutBiices uudler
which ho labors furnish but a flimsy
dlsgulao for what Amount.) to nrno
ileal!.' the some thing. He work*—
wife, children and hlmaelf—for a b»rtf
oxlt.tc.ic-o, ns ft rule Hla houra aro
longer than thoao of tho workor of
tho factory, mill or railway, Tha only
advantago bo haa ovor hla compatriot
—the out and out waste a.a?ft—la that
bla job la "ateady,"
-<.lll_o.u of muni, frrumi.» ivoui tbeir
product* Into tha vortei of tht world's
market In wen atnp«Bdon« rotum*
that tho price l« hold down to & mm
whleh will only allow tho farmer to
ohtala what tbe wacc alavt ft«U~a
biu'tt uititcucc-
7 -,'"'.'. AA SUMMARYx, .* „,,, '" ■. y
/.Speaking from -the- standpoint' of
usefulness/ there," ta but one-^useful
class"4n-human society.-.'* That is the
working class.,-" Th!sv*s notconly iruc
now, but was' aiw.v j so ^.'They wl-c
feed,.clothe and shelter human society
alone make its--., existence' possible?
Upon their, backs is borne the burden
of civilization.;/y ■ A ■_ '*;■/*,."'
.'; For centuries the working class has
been an enslaved class.*; Bearing upon
its back the burden of-civilization, "it
has been-allowed but a1'meagre participation in civilization's''.benefits.' •'
•The workers h'ave fashioned the resources of the earth into-'the finished
product, not for their pwn. comfort and
well being, but for the glory,- aggran-
dizement.and power of a* ruling clas3.
Though, their power.to produce wealth
is today greater than ever before, their
lives . are - but a continued round of
toll, drudgery, poverty and misery.
The-more wealth., they produce, the
deeper they* sink .In the" quagmire of
poverty, and the .'more uncertain becomes their tenure upon the means of
sustenance.'       .',..,   * -7 '
.That we are approaching,an era of
stupendous change'and upheaval'in
rcgard'to social and industrial institutions,-no .'.careful student of current
events win, dare dispute. The, continually increasing pressure brought to
bear- upon, the'-workers through the
high development and.enormous concentration 'of capital, Is ,'creating such
un ■ ocean •' of unrest and discontent
among, them "that lts: •volume must- in
Die,.near future, express itself in '?.
flood tide of revolution that will,sweep
Trom "its foundations the structure of
capitalist - society ■* and'' make .way,' for
*.he next stage of human progress.
" "What that stage must be is indicated by. the present or capitalist mode
of wefilth production itself. ■
By 'the very nature of wealth- pro-
daction and .the character of the tools
and implements used in carrying it on,
it is purely a social or collective process. That is men produce the wealth
necessary. to satisfy -their .needs - by
working together, jointly or colective-
1/. each individual doingjhis small part
or sriare'iri the great process of making all things'. ,'• This ' collective or
social production is more, absolutely
such as the tools or. machineries of
production ".become inore highly dsvo,
loped,.complicated and powerful.' To
such a "stage has'this already been
nnrnt«_1_+hot_tV__^_1ahrir_nf_thiaJnfli virtual.
is completely, merged-into that of the
whole. '" The labor of. one - can no
longer be separated 'from that of all.
The result of the labor,, of all is the
siim total, of' the wealth -produced. It
is the social or collective, product of
Boeial'or collective.labor..'" .. ■
--It Ib safe .to say that'this-social or
coj;ettlye power .to produce wealth is
sufficient to .make it 'easily possible
to, produce'-enough to, satisfy the reasonable wants of evory individual,
without,'- the hours bf labor being ex-
at their chains. , They; are"gettlng to
understand, that their bondage, is due
to the fact of''class ownership of the
things uponVhich they depend .for a
living, and ;this*. class, ownership-.is
maintained solely by. the'power of government,- or5 the "state.*: ^Awakening
to the fact *'of'.possessing, political
power, they are, coming to" see'that by
the use of that power'they may^'deliver
themselves from economic bondage by
using it .to legally strike down capital*.
1st ownership bf theN means of .wealth
production, and legalize-in-its stead
the social or .collective .ownership'
thereof, thus making"the\?ownership
conform to the'iuethcd of production.
That is why the Socialist Party' of
Canada" springs" into. e?tistence. ' Under its banners' the"workers of the Dom
inion intend to peacefully "and legally"
brush aside the obstacle' of capitalist
property and make" of. Canada the
home of a free because they £111 the
soil,, weave, forge and spin'for themselves tb enjoy,-and not for the luxury,
pomp, splendor and profit of a useless class. That-is'the mission-and
purpose of the Socialist Party pf Can-
ada.-r-Western Clarion.       v '•
ANNONCEMENT  THAT
.    ,    HELLIS A MYTH IS
AVERY BELATED ONE
LONDON, July 15.—Commenting oif
the "decision" that hel lis a myth, ar:
rived .at. by the International Bible
.Students Association in session at
Washington this week, • coupled with
requests that every minister in' the
U. S. publish his views. Canon Hensley
Henson,at Westminster Abbey, one of
the foremost divines of the Anglican
ChiTrch-said:   ^ ' ' • '  A
"I think the "American religious, pub?
lie is generations behind in such matters, that individually Americans are,
not the equals of us on any such" question. -'*; Such.discussion as that Is inconceivable in a representative body
here. It was done away with a generation ago. , You can't get any public
interest "about such a matter here.
People would say you were 'flogging a
dead horse.'">■   , .      <  '   ■.,
The Rev.1-Mr Campbell, representing
the, non-Conformists at the meeting,
took the same view, saying:
"This seems to me to be a very belated pronouncement. 'I don't know
any clergyman here who believes in
eternal punishment, nor "do I think any
educated' clergyman, has done "so for
many years."     "  -. .     '       °    .
PAPAL GUARDS DESERT, .    :    __
WHEN HOLIDAYS REFUSED
Labor Unionists May A.
Strike Wliere Non-
Unionists Work
The Illinois supreme court hasliand-
ed down a sweeping opinion declaring
that labor unions have the'riglit ^o(cait
strikes' or ,do other, lawful things to
compel non-union'employes to,loin the
union. A'dissenting opinion was filed by Justice Cartwright, Dunn- and
Hand. The decision is given in thp
case of Harry Kemp et al. vs.'Division
No. 241, .Amalgamated Association of
Street,and Electric Railway"Employes. It was appealed from Cook" county; where an injunction was issued.
The court in its.decision orders'the injunction dissolved. - y ,„ ,
The trouble of the union started
when, the Chicago-local voted to con-,
tribute . $1,200 to the campaign fund
of Judge Edward F. Dunne .when the
latter was candidate for mayor of tho
city' of Chicago In 190S. - Kemp and
his" associates" were members of the
Chicago union. When the union on
May 8, 1908, voted to contribute to the
Dunne campaign, Kemp and his-associates were retained in, the employ of
the Chicago Street Railway Company.
The union rejected .the company's offer to arbitrate the dispute and, Kemp
aiid his friends sought an injunction.
The order was issued;,and thermion
was restrained from striking.
In ordering the injunction dissolved
the supreme court holds' that' the proposed action of the union was primarily to further the, interests of the union
and-improve, the conditions of its
members.- The court,says that" men
may work for an employer or not, as
they see fit, so long as' they violate
no contractural relations by leaving
his employment. ■ In this case the
terms of no contract would be violated, .the majority "of the justices say,
and-,,that the, object sought by the
strikers is not unlawful. They declare the union has a right to preserve
its own .organization for any lawful
purpose, and that if it believedflts purpose 'would . be Interfered with. by
working-with non-union' men,,then it'
may take lawful course to enforce its
opinions. •
The "decision is one of great importance to laboring men throughout the
entire .state. The dissenting opinion
holds the contemplated strike to be in
the'nature of.a boycott and-believes
the injunction should be allowed *o'
stand.''- -'■*-*' -..'.'
CHOICE LANGUAGE USED BY,,.
MODERN  REVIVALISTS
a An-.evangelist was holding revivals
in ..Seattle recently. '     ' -
.Some editors took exception id hio
expressions" and   methods. '*'
'   The revivalist _ justified his0 critics
by''the language he used in praying
publicly for them. 'A
He said:
"They're' a bad lot , Lord Jesus,. a
bad lot. Let-me give-you"'a tip, Lord
Jesus. • If you go after these fellows
you'd better, put on your rubber gloves.' ;-'-  ;'. .      "- ■    ,,
In'an-article in the,Independent on
some phases, of what is called evangelism, excerpts.from prayers or sermons of the same sort as that quoted
above?' *
Such expressions occur as "When
you vile hounds, attack me you are-a
liar. You little bum, I'm calling your
bluff."
Here is another:
"The statement has been made by
some' dirty little puppet of the pulpit
that there is no harm in*tho theatre,
the' dance or cards. To hell with that
kind, of a minister!"
One more:
"If you rot and go to-hell it is not
my, fault. You can sink as far-in hell
as the devil can put you."   a    "' -
These utterances have .been made'
to large audiences.
• .The speakers possess regular'stand-
ing in ther respective branches of the
Christian .Church.
They carry" ,the commendation of
many ministers."
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., pd.
*■        - w
Beer
Porter
Bottled Goods a Specialty
? ROME,,July" 16.—Colonel"Jules Re'-
nAnJl-_.l! _.!.__. nA^.~1_ «.._ 3_» !__.__,,__.__■	
1/uiiu— ut^nic—jrttiJtti-guaiua~i6aU«u^"ri,"
call today for recruits to take the
places of'the twenty who deserted because * the Pope refused them three
holidays .weekly. Colonel Repond says
he will go ahead with his plan to turn
the corps into real' instead of merely
ornamental soldiers if' he has;to make
it over .entirely. * He may have- to do
so, as other desertions are 'threatened.
cesslyely long... That Buch a happy
result is not obtained at the present
time*is due to ono fnct alone, Thero
is" but one obstacle In the way of such
"a.cohsummatlon devoutly to bewlsli-
cd,". Tliat obstacle IB capitalist property In' the means of wealth production, ,    w
■Capitalist property is not prlvato
proporty., Neither ls it collective property, using tho term to Include all
of the peoplo. It is class property, n
stago property between Individual and
collective , Capitalist property belongs to'thb economic- class ln liumnn
society known ns the capitalist class.
Tlio boneflt arising from property
must of necessity nccrno to its owners.
Wlt'li tho ownership o'f tho monna of
wealth production In tlio hands of the
capitalists who number hut a small
proportion of the wholo peoplo, it
BtiuulB to reason thnt till of tho bono-
fits arising go to thorn rb tho owners,
Owning this jiroperty It loglcnlly follows thut thoy must porforco own tho
tliliiKB produced by Its operation.
This lu exactly what occurs undor
tho present proporty roglmo, and there
lies tho rorinon for working clasB poverty nlongHldo of onormous wonlth production, Tho workcrB have no control ovor tho tliln'gB they produce, lio-
rntiso tho momm of production (ro-
roui'cch of tho earth and machinery)
are not tholr property, Tlio thlngH
tliey Houlnlly ar collectively uao, nad
imiBt bo ubo or starve, hold as class
proporty, becomes tho moans of tholr
BiiHlnvoincnt.
Tlio prlgniitlo machinery/ of produc
tlon of todny Instond of bolng nn nld
to the comfort and welfare of men-
kind, Is under capitalist class owner-
tihlp, merely a Iiuko lever whereby
that clriHB squeezes an enormous
stream at profits from the (losh, bono,
Wnnrl nnd ronrrnw of tho ntilv impftiJ
nortlon of hutnnn Bocloty—tho working cIobb.
Such Ib dnBB ownership of nodal
thlngB.    Such Is Capital,
Hy sophUtry, iiIoiib declamation and
htm-cIoub ftrttiment, doci. tho pmbb, pulpit and professor attempt to Apologlce
for capitalist property, Ju»Ufy lu ex-
litonco and glvo It divine sanction.
Without (IftS Btnto to oitnbtlth Its legality, protect and dofend It, It would
fall to tho ground Instantly. Govern-
httni la the. Ir.attutacat cf cupttal.at
pftperty today, aa It waa on« time the
InatruiTM-i.t ot («u«l_.l o. chutUsl uUvt*
property; tta purpoae in each caae thit
of holding the «Ut**« in *c<mom,c
bondage to the tnaiten.
Tha ware atarea of today have the
fra&clilae In at Mul aotse <*oi.n.ri«_.
Ttuiy tu'tt Wtf-_.i_.-i_* to UiUilllitctttly tut
WHY .1  AM A UNION  MON
THE VETERANS' BRIGADE
(Communicated)
The Veterans'. Brigade is a rapidly
growing organization composed ot, all
veterans bf the British Empire .who
have united with thopurpose of helping each "other, and looking after their
comrades who are unable to help
themselves. The Brigade now numbers nearly ten thousand from Winnipeg wost. Tlio headquarters of the
west aro lopated in Winnipeg w'hero
an employment bureau for Veterans"
has boon opened, It waB through tho
efforts of this brigade that the grant
of $100.00 wns glvon tho Fonlan 'Raid
Veterans, nnd now the brigade Ib
working to have' tho British South
African VoteranB living in Canada rocolvo recognition from the Canadian
government. Brigade's work Is not
confined to benefiting each other, but
brunches out whorovor tliey are able,
and tho Fornlo Company nro now on-
gngo'd In a work that should have tho
support of the entire community,
Thoy aro negotiating for the purclmso
of a flrBt-claBB nmbulanco to bo pro-
Bfiiitcd to the rlty for the freii use of
tho afflicted. A patriotic concert Ib
to bo held on tho 22nd of August and
a high class program Ib bolng ar-
rangod, tho locnl clergy und all the
avallablo tnlont giving tho Brlgndo
tholr hearty Biipport, May tholr of-
fortfl moot with all tho biiccobb It do-
norv«H,
. tWlth our great" iron machines today
producing a hundredfold more than
our forefathers could in their- crude
way, every person in tlie world ought
to" be insured'of a comfortable life.
Every person would be, too, if those
machines were,not owned,by a few
men'as their private property. Being
their .private property, the produce of
the machines is also the private property of these few men, and be'ug
theirs, others cannot use it' even
though ' they r be starving and naked.
That is why we hear' of and see people
starving in the streets'at'the 'same
lime that the stores filled with food.
That Is why we see unemployed men
shivering on the streets iri the winter
itme with half enough clothes to" keep
them from frjeezing outright while at
the same, time the clothing'stores are
filled with warm'suits and overcoats.
EXHIBITION AT EDMONTON
Tn Line: "What makes you think
tho baby, la going to ho a groat politician?" riBliod tho young mothor nnx-
Iqtisly,
"I'll toll you," nnBWorod tho young
father confidently; "ho can say more
things that Bound well and mean nothing nt nil thnn any kid T ovor flaw."--
Cleveland Plain Donlor.
Because I propose to -- protes: against any. man Or set' of mcnstealii_g
my'--right to health, home "and happiness.' '">•'• •'' •
.' .Becau_;e> F- want- plenty of good
"grub"'"iri my'c_*aw, and'I want to see
my fellowmeh enjoy 'the same blessing! ,.'..'
■Because I am not-afraid to line .up
with my fellow workers, and mako an
honest'demand for that which is ours
by heritage. A      :   '   ' -   .
Because I want to see every man,
woman and child havo plenty to eat,
plenty to wear and plenty of timo to
enjoy it. , v ■
- Because I am opposed to filth and ignorance and Iii' favor of hoalth and
knowledge.  ° J'" ''•
Becauso I think moro of an honest
heart under a ragged shirt-than 1 do
o_ a black-headed bloat with a bank
account.
Because a union man is never disrespected by any ono, oxcopt a lot of
than kindness.
nocauso when I pay my duos Into
tho union I realize that I tun stirring
somo thickening Into a bowl of soup
for Bomo poor hungry woman or child.
Because I hud rath or bo unpopular
with a lot of doublo-chinned dough-
bonds than to bIiow tho whlto feather
to ray follow workors.
BecaiiBO I bollovo lt Ib bottor to give
than to rocolvo, and by being a union
mnn T nm giving my Influonre nnd
monoy to thoBo who doBorvo nnd
Bhould receive It,
Bocnuso I am in favor of moro broad
nnd less brutlulmoBB, moro plo and Iobb
pomp. Moro cozy cottogos and Iobb
cowards nnd criminals, Moro soup
nnd lonfl BuporBtition; Moro honlth
and happltioiiB nnd Iobb IioIIIbIhicbh,
Moro Inmost womon noatly dreHBod
nnd Iobb foolish womon ovordroBHod,
Moro llvo, loving husbands nnd Iobb
dirty drunken dronofl.
IJoc-aiiHO In union thero Ib strength,
and In strength thoro la knowledge,
and In kuowk-iige thoro U health, and
In health thero Ih happiness, and all
Bonfilblo pooplo want to bo happy.--
Kit.
''Gre^^W»MiM"_rhav^b"eeinS"adeJ
for 'this year's Exhibition, to be held
in Edmonton, August 12th to 17th." The
directors' have erected a new manufacturers' building and machinery hall,
and are adding extra space to the
grounds for. the accommodation of exhibitors of farm machinery. , $20,000
lias, been-added to the prize list, making a*'total of $45,000 in prizes and
purses ,to be competed for. New
classes-have been made for fine arts,
photography, women's work and school
children's'work. The facilities for
unloading and loading stock have boon
greatly improved by extending the
spur lino along tho eastern, side of the
grounds, and providing new unload-
lng platforms for horsoB, cattlo, sheep
nnd swine, - The entries will all be
catalogued this year, and for this purpose It' ls necessary that all entries
should bo received not later thar. tho
29th day ot July.
A Flash of
Lightning
■   Is "just-' as I likely  to  strike
the  house' of the uninsured
man as that of his more pru-
,de'nt neighbor., ,- No' building
. vjs immune.
'4
Better Have
Us Insure
you - and have , a lightning"
clause attached to the,policy.
Then you needn't worry every
time there is a thunderstorm.
M, A, KASTNER ,
Sole Agent for Fernie
FOR RENT
On e.isy tonus
In tlio rif-inig town of Elko
Restaurant with Bakery
l_.x_.ol.ont froiilngo with two
largo windows, dii.ing room a
sitting room and fl good bod-
rooms i
Mrs. E. B. Hoi brook
Post Office: Elko
i SYWOPSIS-OFi-COAL-MINING— -
,   _ ^REGULATIONS,
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, tha Yukon Territory, tho Nortli
West Territories and ln a portion of
the Province of British Columbia, may
be leased for a term of twenty-one
years at an annual rental of $1 an acre.
Not more'than 2,560 acres wll be leaRed
to one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the
Agent or Sub-Agent of the district,ln
which tho rights applied for nre situated. .   '■
In surveyed territory the land must bo
described by sections, or legal nub-divisions of sections, and in unsurvoyed
territory tho tract applied far shall bo
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each aplicationmust be accompanied
by a fee of J5 which wilt bo refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise, A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of tho
mine at tho rate of five cents por ton.
'Tho person operating the mine shall
furnish tho Agent with,sworn returns
accounting for the full .quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpny the royalty thoreon, If tlio coal minlnif
rights are not being operated, such
returns should bo furnished at least
onco a yoar.
Tho leaso will Include the coal mlslng
rights only, but tlio lessee may bo permit! od to purchase whatever avnllablo
Burfaco rights may bo considered necessary tor tho working of tlio mino
at tho rnto of $10.00 an acre. ,
Por • full Information application
Ahould bo rnndo to tho Secrotnry of tho
Department of tho Interior, Ottawa, or
to any Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands. * „
W. W. Cory,
Deputy Minister of tlio Iiuei'In:*.
N.n—Unauthorized publication of this
ndvertlHC-mont will not-bo paid for.
WANTED!
GOAL PROSPECTOR
that undfjrsfnnds his lmsinosH
Stato wngOH and roooinmoiid-
ations to
P.O. Box 2009
Have Comfortable Feet
Siimmor timo always bring.*. Additional foot trouhln
through chafing, heating, and oxcossivo perspiration.
Foot almusons aro oxiromcly rtangoroiis an thev aro
susceptible to infection. Most of your foot troubles
can, bo avoided by tho use of our
Foot Powder
A powdor that hns healing, soothing properties. Takes
the odor out of perspiration, renders your shoes more
comfortable and walking moro fmjoy. .bio.
25 cents the can
Bleasdell's Drug Store
DBD08 AND STATIONERY FEKNIE. B.C.
Spokane
i
Wash.
Classified Ads.—Gent a Word
HMAl'8 on Local nnd ouUlda pro-
porly.    Applv. ... Hnrnnr.       0 fl-wi
SI.Al.I.n THNliHUH mlilrcfHfil io Ilie
llllll.!l'HlH.lll'll   HFlll   UllllOrHl-tl  "11   Hi"   1M1VO-
loii.i 'Tniirtor for tlm coiiHlructloi. of a
H'Hli.pnrn fnr tlio Nii|i('l-llileii(lonl uf the
-.x_i(-rlmontnl .Uiitlun ut Invtiriinji-c.
nenr Athnlincr, Ji. C„" will be ror.-lv.-d
UH In I \i.m , on tl... I'lrt-t rtiiv nf Amr-
iinI, 1012, for tlm Hev-M'-l wnrkH nnd
iiiiitr.ilnlH ri-r|iilri'tl In tlm cri'i-tlim of u
i'(-n|(lonco fur tlm KupiTlnti'mli-nt of tlm
l.MmililHIitHl MuUun UL Jit-imi-iv, lu-.ir
Atluilmt*.. ll, C,
HlicelflciUlwiH nnd plum, i-un I"1 *<-""
mi .ipiilli.fttliFi* In .Mn Pimrnii A mini'-
nun, Ailinlnior,  It. C,
Knelt Intnl.-r iiiiihi bo lu'tmiiipiiiili-il by
un iirci-ipti-il eint(|U(i on ii I'liiii'li-i-i'il
!'iH\l<, piiyiililn to tin* MniKiiiililn tlm
.MlnlHti.r of AKrlcuUiii'M, <*i|inil In l<-n
pel* runt <if till* Wlmlii lllllnllllt nf til"
liMiilur, wlilcli t-lici|iiif will ln> fnrfi-lti-il
If tin* liHlllvili-iil ni* cniiipiiiiy Ni'tiilliii,
It i|_>rl|ni-H In cntiM* Into n rnnli'iut wltli
Urn li.-linrtiiH-iit ur l'*( I Ih to t-ninpl'-lo
tlm liiiflill.iu.
Tlit* licpnrtlin-iil (Iik-h nut   l.linl lurlr
til   lltf. |ll   111"   loWIIMt   ur   llll1.'   tl'lllli-l*.
Ni'UK|llipi>IM     pUllllKllllIU     |llli>     llltViT-
tl»<-ii'«i)t without nullii.t'lt.- will tint In-
Mllll,
A.   I..  ...\I!VM
A*»l*tatit   llnptity   MIiiIhI.-i-,   nml
Pcoh-iiii \" i-r   \i;rli-'iliiit.-
Pil'.'ii'lmi-nl  nf Afsrln.li'i.i .
~_r.lTi3 ntin«i"i   _H Jin..-. 1!»12
A O'-tUOlUttli /lUUfti; il) tUii, iutliialiv.il
or unfurnUhcd,     Apply T. \Y. IJolJ-
crt.on. Annex I._[.<!Rt!on, JVrnlc.
FOR   HENT—Slxroomod Concrcto
utv/t.A iLituhH,     A'1'pi.i,    'i'i*iu.    iiUuiOIi,
I.lndiay Avenue, Annex.
FOR SALT.—Four-room**-!! Hou»o on
Dnlton Avenuo; both-room and othor
convonloncei. Apply, Joaopli Cui-
•haw.
TOR SALK-Pellal Av«, near Ho»-
iiltal, 1-toom bwc-Uinic House, ineluti-
In* ftathrdom, bot and cold Hater;
«}Mtrle H|ht .ttrotiRTiout Al.o S-
room Koum at back or lot with water
and aewer connexion. Price for both
%'itm dolUra.     Caib  .1*S*) JolUra.
Auuiy. w.-ft. ia.i». +"!4
H'ATITH .\firiri:
I'nr MrriiDi* In 'I'liUf Hint Vie U'nlrr,
Nt»Tlf.:K JS lli;m.HY WIVT.N tlmt I.
THOMAS <H>]tltli:, fiiinm^ iiviu- KliiK-
•■iitiii in tiiki- timi un" •iili> vntAv funt uf
» ..ti 1 ,pi 1 1. 1 1 : 1 r 11 1 1 im 1
•tr.nmti, riinnliiM: In 11 \Wni*rlv illrcr-
llmi   tlu'intil.  .sijl..   1. if   It   nt   (^it   !',»♦.
I it nil owiii-ri liv nm, nml xInkM nn l.<>tn
3W ami IDT i'','.. V,:i-,i tinnil V..D S»,.«.
trlpt. Two nf tlm *iri-i(tnM will lm
<llv*>rtr-il nt tln-lr mutrro tnnl Un- ntln-r
wlierp It r-1'fiNncn my fiiHti'ilv liiiumliiiy,
nmt ii-llt >.. .1.1. .1 fi.f .1...... . td 1 1. A
Klilloil Mirinii'i-f. Thin rmtlc'i \rtii ji.i-t.
cil on thn KPmml tint hilt dny nf ifnlv,
finrt tho ap|i}|4*.--tlnr. will he tilth In
thn offlr-n of tlm Water -)t.cor«l«<r at
Cranlironk.
(Mft^cMunn mny tip fllp<1 wltti Hip
unlit Wwrr ItPronW or with tin* t'omi*-
irnllnr nf \Vmt»-r HIkIiIi., I'urllampnt
llull-lln-.*, Vlf-tntln, 11. C.
I tiiomah -noitmi:.
HI.
the Hotel
DALLAS
One of the
Best
0.
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Altai
Southern
H O TEL
"'    ' BELLEVUE, Alberta** .    .
-   Every
convenience
and
attention
Meals-that1 taste like
-' mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
■ William  Evans, -Proprietor
CLUB
1
Cigar Store
W. A..INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
'   -   y
Tobacconist
. ii'r;
'"7 '''•     '•' "■•    O'li •
■   . o
Barber Shop
Baths
Shoe Shine
. Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazslwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Flrnt class Hornet for Gale.
Quya Horses on Commlslon     0
George Barton    Phone 78
SUFFERED
Fluff-run.-, n   r
Electric Restorer for Men
PflO_.0hOf.O_ i**tma mn »•"• la th* txwJf
run tod «tt»ltir. YfrniUtt &hij t*& all «r«tl
*M_UM  S«fftt4 *l •_».♦.    r_t_M|l)-M_») «lll
IS    M.iM ti ••»" utAtut   * _t» «MM_Wll llrvr
«_, tli. t.MUmtliut, 0**.
¥»t tut* at Bltsidttrt Oni0 titer*
WITH OILIOU8NE88 AND SICK
rnlpnrv. Allicrtn. July «, Iftll.
I wiih a j.rvat Hii(fflr«»r for a lonir
tltno with IltllniiKiicKH, Kirk Flnnilnrhc
and I.Ivor troiiblo,     N'ntlilng «m*niRil
I ,     -I        .    ,       1 T       1.1    «1-.      .»
Klvcii up In <kB|).»lr when I decided to
try.
FIO PIUL8
Aftor t.ikliiB nliout hnlf a box tbo
hffidrtrti<-» stopped and my npiwtlte
tmprnwtl 1 hn\f Jiiif. flnfsti<|il thn
fifth hoc and fijtl aa w«ll aa over.' 1
'in fif-.trtlly rccotnaicnd Tit Villa for
Ktumaclt and |lv«r troublos. — Mra
Mary KUton.
At all dealers, 25 and r»0 c«nta. or
Tho Fig Pill Co^ Ht. Tbtma*. Ont
Sold in .Vtri-te «t McUan'i Dnif and
liook Htorw.
fl
? (\
-1
?"tl msmm
, - ,     y>-.- * j -     s-\ -v
««Jfctt».yi«»» L-.Wh.lt. K* •*
WMM..III..W.1
■HH
v.
o ,*;*..
PAGE SIX
THE DISTRICT; MDGER, PERNIE,AB. 0., JULY 20,1912.
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A Published every Saturday morning at itsoffico,
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C.   Subscription $1.00
per year' in, advance. A An excellent,, advertising
. medium;" Largest,circulation in'the District,; Ad-
• rertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the-execution of all kinds of book, job and
. color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
,     H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.
Post Office Box No. 380
ENGLAND'S INSURANCE ACT-IN HOW-FAS
DOES  THE  WO'RKER  BENEFIT?
ACCORDING to -despatches tlio subject that is
the sole topic, "of discussion; and'one .that is
leading to no end of controversy and trouble,,.is
the National- Insurance Act of England, which
.came into operation last Monday. "When the Bill
was before tho House the many difficulties to ensure its enforcement'if,-and when, it became law
were dimly realized, but now that the people "of
that island are called upon to carry its provisions
ont its intricacies are being appreciated. - The
•bill does not apply to one section of the people, or
one industry but to every male and female,' whether
rich or poor, in the country. The measure has
provoked loud outbursts of criticism, and'espeei-
' ally amongst-tlie poor'capitalists, of course,"and"op-
p'onenls of the law going so far assto form an as-
• socation to resist the- collection of contributions
from employers. But let us'see some of its main
provisions: . -
'' Tlie proportion of "contributions varies according
to ages and pay of employees* but generally speaking the employee will be-called on to pay S cents
weekly for his insurance, the employer 6 cents and
the government 4 cents. Stamps representing the
respective contributions will be affixed every pay
day to a card issued-to the employee. This card
will become.in effect",the holder's policy. 'The
workman who falls ill will be entitled weekly to an
allowance of $2.50 for 26 weeks, if he remains in-
- eapicated-for so long/and free medical"attention
i from-phj'-siciahs of his" own choice:    For ei?_isump-
tives,,government sanitaria will be provided,at' an
. initial cost'of $7,500,000, and an annual,allowance
of $5,000,000.   - "Workmen who break' do-vai'perma.--
■ nently will receive life.benefits of $1.25   weekly
each,'or'the same amount as tire old age pensioners.
.The wife of an insured workman will receive $7.50
upon .the birth of each child, and working women
who are themselves insured and are also wives of
• insured workmen, will be entitled to double "ma-
■ tcrnity benefits.     Women will pay to their insurance 2 cents weekly less than men, but in the event
. - of sickness will be paid only '$1,75 each weekly.
.The law-also provides limited insurance against unemployment % 2,500,000   workmen, engaged   in
, building and engineering trade which'were chosen
as an experiment on account of their irregularity.
. Doctors are to receive $1.12 for each patient insured.
", Tlie q.ncR._cm now arises: "What interest is it
to the worker?" *■ *   -
.Directly it is'more than a benefit, it is a boon:
For thc timo being lie is to'have tlie benefit of it in
sickness and in some instances whcriW of work.
Indirectly it will reriult in tho inevitable reaction
against him, It is but a palliative and cannot
solve the vital economic question. He will still bo
robbed at tho point of production. Jn ninny other
ways will lie rcpny his debt to tlio mnster class, with
interest.    Profits must still bo maintained, nnd his
, Stents a,wook ho contributes will he taken out of
his hides in the form of increased rental and general
cost of living. However, to the infirm and sick,
ns well ns to tho womnn in maternity, the Insur-
nnco Act must bo looked upon as the proverbial
""Ood.spnd." * Tlie act aims at keeping tho house,
hold from poverty, to keep the workor nnd his
family JYoin piuiperism in tho dnys of sicklies).,
wliitth comes to ovoryono, and to guard agninst siiC-
foring from unemployment, for which tho workor
is'not responsible.
Whatever mny ho tlio fnto of tho Insurance Bill
it will establish nu epoch in tlmt country,   For the
" first timo in British history tho ntrito, tlio employer,
nnd lho worker eo-oporiitn to mnintnin nml lo
, increase the efficiency of tho iwlividunl, nnd nl-
though nil tliis is nt tho ultimate expense of the
worker, yot it must ho ndmitlod thnt it fa nbout ns
far uh n govern men t under tho enpitalinl system
cnn go.
Fipdlay 's Cossacks called .out'* to beat up those ' -dis-
.txirbers.of tlie public peace" who-congregated to
discuss the question of the,unemployed in? that" city;
The result was that public-opinion became;so enraged that he was compelled,by, the citizens to'de-1
sist his antiiquated methods, of keeping "Jaw and
order:'' Aberdeen;* .Fresno;' Spokane,,and- other-
centers had the- same struggle, chut it*'all~>ended
in, a victory for the workers! 7 San Diego'is now
the center of attack and, although the battle is riot
■   v - ,   •    * :. y ,.     "*■
won- yet, the siege- has not been-raised,^and the
obstinate garrison must'soon capitulate. .., Iri this
connection, needless to say, the I. W. W. are neither
dismayed .nor disheartened,.but are still determined more than ever, that the fight at San Diego must-
be won. As it has ofttimes been pointed but, the
principles aiid I constitution of the I. W. W. is one
with which every Socialist is, and, every worker
ought to'be in'hearty accord.1 .The objection to
that organization was never with its principles, but
..with the tactics which'it adopted. ,' It is, however,
interesting.to note that the "Industrial Worker" is
now advising different tactics to that which has
hitherto been in vogue with them. In its current
issue, in ah editorial entitled, "On to San-Diego,"
it says, inter alia: "   .  , - h
'-'The winning of this free speech fight means the
organization of the toilers into closer combinations
and finally into ONE BIG'UNION. It moans the'
gaining of economic'control. ■ It means a step to-J
ward liberty.
."Men must-be recruited for tho march'upon the
city. Theso men must be self-disciplined and cool.
Thc marchers must start from various sections and
meet at somo common point, Los Angeles being the
most strategic place. Means must then be found to'
have the workers enter San Diego as individuals.
Once ins'ide they must -proceed "to speak upoiuthe
corner ovef which the conflict rages. ' _' A
","The■ subjecAof-thqse talks should be the, most'
important thing to'be'decided." There should be
rio' discussion of side issues? no dragging forth o'f
personalities, no knocking of other organizations,
but clear-cut talks-upon the "subject of organization at the point of production. "Thus any action
■taken' will have to center around'that all-important
point.     - • ' °   y -
".Let each speaker "remember that while patriotism does not make for Iiabor'solidarity the'flag is
not the cause of our slavery; while religion contains no hint of freedom the.Church'does not rob
us on the job; while craft divisions are not calculated to-get the. best, action the slavery we are in
springs'from the fact'that, tlie idlers control,the
means dl production. - Ours.must be a positive and-
.constructive propaganda.    -        '"
"Along the line of mareli'this same policy should
be pursued. _, By the-time'1 San Diego is reached
the current of. working' class public opinion will
_ havejwun^ouj^a3u__adlSa'nJDiego,cannot*af-ford-
to go through1 another advertising experience such
as she has ha,d for the past few, months."     •
SWEEPING MEASURE-OF,?:
\^    ^MANHOOD SUFFRAGE
'' LONDON;-'July 17.—The-. £ govern-'
ment's .Manhood"Suffrage, Bill,'introduced by J.:'■£.*Pease .in the House of'
Commons,'is-a"; drastic measure ,in;
tended to" revolutionize the whole electoral' system. • f^The" following' are -the
main, provisions ot the bill ,, __;y.    -.
- About two and "a half million voters
to be, added*ta'the register.y *.' .;*-'
' '.No qualification needed except-residence or occupation. -' ?';;   :7 '.K„. .J'
' Pluraryotingestablished: . '.',7- P
A Penalty for voting1 in more than'one
constituency—a-fine 'of ^i.OOO'or .one
year's'imprisonment,    y.    . A'.,,-   *
. Abolition-of, revision courts and revising ..barristers'. The .-work to be
done.by county..courts, town clerics,
and county council clerks.   ^   '"   _
- Any one able to claim to be put on
the register after six months'- residence *in the, same constituency. _ ■ ,
, Qualification.to vote in"0respect to
the place vacated., to remain for "six
months while- the voter qualifies for
the .place be arrives aty   "'    ■*-■:'
Representation - of universities '.,in.
parliament abolished. ' * . ,
Peers to be allo\»ed the parliamentary,, vote, but the riiht to,vote not to
confer the right to sit in her House of
Commons.   ' ** ' '  ■  n -
Register Revolution   ..
'The result "of* the bill' If it becomes
law-may be summarized as-'follows:
Plural voting abolished A... 5,250,000
University * voters - abolished.     49,51-1
.Register after deductions and
additions under bill,'to in-
y elude (about)-  ". ?:10,000,000
If', suffragette's   amendment-
.   carried, number-of women
.to.be placed on register
\ (about) '.r.-.l "..'.10,500,000
Franchise statutes to be re- -,.
pealed by bill	
Statutes to be ■' partially re-
°peaied  ...? '..   ■
CROW^NEST PASSy vA'i'A' -f ;
« '   - FOOTBAUL? LEAGUE
divided *4__e.
' -   '-    '.-_.-v.
Only one game was played. In this
competition oh• Saturday;;-last,y-and
Fernie's aspirations'.-Jo- the. "League
championship were effectually?'crushed; Coleman winning by two goals,to
nothing. Ferniewere unfortunate to
have to travel .without their goal-keeper,- and they .expressed .the . opinion'
that had Aleck 'Adamson - been .'present, they  would \have
points, y   yy ;; -.
Bellevue failed ^to, fulfill?- their fix-
^ture,with Michel on-the iatter's "ground
and. consequently:their-'posltion ; has
been' prejudiced.-' 7 We-don|t" know
what ruling "the LeaguejCoininlttee
will make on the question,", but'-^ft
would appear to the writer'that Mic-,
hel were entitled.to the- points, which
should go by default. 7'BellevueVac--,
tion is unaccountable, as the championship largely hinged . on , this -game.
Should either team have won, the,two
.points .would bave given them the
championship: We ^'must- await- the
League's ruling, qn the-matterj before
proclaiming the championship. This
body will meet in Fernie on July 27?
Hosmer- had arranged ', their return
League fixture with Coal Creek for
Saturday last, but the game was cancelled on" account of the wet weather.
Arrangements'were made, to play,on
Wednesday night, and in this -- game
Hosmer secured their first point, -.the.
game ending in' a draw. of one goal
each. . ■'        " ,   '       ; '<   «  y
Below is given the position of the
various clubs on tlie' League table:.
'   .     . '-'      ..."     Goals *'.
'    ■-.  ,   '■,, P"W L D. for agst -,P;
;Dr^ ^Cle^ihirig Works
,,s  !-
^e m^e->a^speGi^tya6f
28
-, i   <.• f.        - .    .   , . -   ,, ,
.   and turn put very/good work
'"'   • l *.'",-' .? °
Get your suit or dress cleaned
now.: It will saye you the price
of a new one. y
REMEMBER, We dp all our
Laundry sWork under the most
44
PRESIDENT WILLIAM H-.TAFT .
REQUESTED TO QUIT CONTEST
Fearing  Defeat of  Republican  Party,
Office   Holders'Ask   Nominee  to
Withdraw Candidature'
WASHINGTON, July- S.—A'nation--
wide-movement to petition Presiaent
Taft to Withdraw-as-the Republican
presidential candidate is being back-?
ed by'a large-number,, of Republican,
office-holders-who feel they face defeat in November unless the breach in
tlie party can 'be healed.    v   -
These men include members of con-
gress,™members,of state legislatures
which will'elect - senators, state,"and
county office-holders ^and party candi-'
dates.     If the-movement succeeds in
Bellevue   ...9'  5,  2   2-A6 — 12
12
11
Michel. ? S'   4. '2   2 "'13 — .,8
10
Coal Creek   9" 3   3   3 ;15 — 11
.■'9
Coleman ...'.7   3'-,3   1 ." 7 — 17
7
Hosmer',.'.'>.7: 0 , .6   1     6 — 18
'I"
Games for today are: •     y
"Crows Nest-Pass League—Coleman
vs.*-'Hosmer at Coleman. * *
Fort .Steele Cup.—Coal Creek'
VS.
Michel at Coal Creek?   ,
,
LABOR GAZETTE STAYS .
J
J                                                            V,                              ,          -
THB PIOHT FOR FREE SPEECH
FUKG speech hns Wen the bete noirof our gov-
....a,/   rf./i    HtfttfLit:<i>
Ul   L^lui',11^
of vi pr*  r.Ti^ "von in t,w ji_n-.si7.ii t;i;
(•'yWhiri'wu ntw j*i»<_t_r.s mv. hUH nffaul to let u.
jfpnk «\wtjly \cn\ the vr.v«*- hhvo-s will «ut lo fcnmv
, tlielr Klr<!iitfth and refuse to pull their heavy loiu»».
'Yrtte. h\ *\\ot*r finrrl fl.r.iil.i..   <.r..i Wf.v.i....i ,
.. "    •       ......^   .£ LI.V ....       »,.<*W
hnvu reined n modicum of freedom in this reapee!..
yd Inrdly n thy pnwics without somo "miscreant,"
Sh run In for thin "heinous" offense. Tho I.Uon..
vii.tim. ny will ho sen from report in nnothc-r
column, is none other thnn our very own Charley
O'lJntu. He w«s Addressing nn npen-nir meetinu
in fatally M'hfri tho poli/.** promptly Itnukil Iiiiu ti|.
tin.* i«V<'d him in tin? cell*. Free fneeeb fights
JiAvo Keen many nnd in varioun parts of thc Unite*!
States and C*nAdi_. It is only s few months ago
»inVe VaneonvMr va* in th« thiek of ii, and Major
THE VOTERS' LIST
. ?Aii Ottmva dispatch announces that the government will put through Parliament at its next session, a" redistribution bill based upon the new con?
sus. As the ratio of members to each province is
struck on the population of .Quebec by 65 members,
it will bo readily observed that the west will be eu-
titleoj to moro members, and the maritime provinces
will lose a few. ■ Jn this event, British Columbia
should have about 32 members, an increase of five.
The government js also determinid to settle on
matters of policy.' 'Jn this eVent it-will be necessary for an appeal to tho country, The big interests demand it, and an, election is apt to be
brought on immediately after the next session,
Workingmen should be alive to this fnct and be
prepared to vote for their own interests, 'To do
so they must bo on tho,voters' list,
According to a despatch from Ottawa it is
stated that most members of ■ tho "Millionaire
Cabinet,'-' as Borden's Government is now known
as, aro well'represented in tho list of shareholders
presented by tlio various banks, but that Premier
Borden heads the list for this class of investment,
This causes us no surprise. It is only to ho ex-
pocted thnt tho man at tho head of a capitalist government should bo possessed of a fat shave of this
world's goods. No confidence eonld bo placed m
ono less fortunnto by Canadian plutocrats. Mr.
Workingman. Do you think Borden is in office for
tho good of your health nnd cnn work in your interests ?
FIRST GRADUATION
OF FERNIE NURSES
',11 1
>•   .*._. if
i
in £|,-J v
Under tho caption of "Good Advice to tho Work-
er," nn Old Country pnpor reports a presentation
made hy Lord Aldenham to certain old students of
tho Foundling Hospital, which took the form of
ii X.rj nolo and prayer hook caoh.     lie made nn
address to the hoys in which ho said:
". , . . Hint nowadays they would rend in the
newspapers nud would hear from those who culled
themselves lenders of men thnt thoir employers or
their superiors were their natural enemies,   who
wero trying to grindtho most out of them, and that
the moro tliey defied their employers the hetter it
l,.i.,„,     itmi, iiuti i.i.uhc. t   4 au way
.iJV tli-.V.Ju' \h i.n.,3_c.*>_ iln:y coal., i'or
their c*ni|il«.yt.r.-_ nnd those nbovo tlieni,     It, was
equally trim that Uio.employers who wanted to
get Rood Hervnnto should eonsldor their servants'."
THi?,. :,. ..... i-:. l _ * .i ..c n . i   ■: »   * ,,. •
into the heads of boys and yontha, and no (hnht
will continue so long ns our nchools n,ni1,collect
nro,in tho hands   of   tho exploiters.   Aldenham
know full well thnt ho, wna morally guilty of mis- , 0TfAWA, ont., j„iy i5.-Tho HtHk
-.-.-.-._^__-.--.-..-.-.  «._.  _____  __.._.__.' _...„_.♦!„„     i   *       « !nB; c,vlc Wwon. rcturiMsd to work
representation on the lahor rpiestlon,    hnt,    nt lw|ay.    T|(to WM, mm adv,Bed by
course, it is only by such mww nnd methods that tholr leader* to nreopt tha clty'i com*
the cI_U4 to which ho WlimK* uu. hopu to gain n l»romine offer of u ccnta,    Tho m«n
little longer lease of power and wealth.    How *irack for ?5 ccnU *°er houir» *nd w*r<l
many men have got on injifc V doing their l.est S^S!!" CtB,,A^. ,     ,
for their employer,!    ma mice tho profit*, th. ^*%?£ ™t$$& lie
^mploy^r or the tTQploycet d»>i of th« ttrike.
gaining^n3r^lume,^_is—sai~_l71hes6
same men may-last Col.-Roosevelt
to' withdraw,-'as" a"' prospectiv* candidate for an indepehderit nomination
and to perinjt a compromise selection
',of some man' agreeable - to both factions of the party.,; It Is the desire of
the "promoters of the'ychemc that a
decision to be reached before Aug. 5.
when the Roosevelt .faction plans to'
hold a convention in Chicago.
The. circulation of-petitions, it was
said, today would start within a week.
It was said the movemont would be
begun simultaneously in ever/ stato.
. The movomont is in tho hands of
several wolM_nownn members of congress. -Tliey are being aided by many
oxtvemo-noosevelt Republicans. Tho
enlistment', of tho national progressive
organization In'the movement has
been sought'ond it wns said today tlmt
SonatorDixon's organization wns willing to co-operate,
, One more institution established by
'the,Laurier government and slated for.
abolition by the incoming Conserya-
\tive- government will be left as it is.
Tbe Labor Gazette was described as a
fad of the Hon. W. L. M. King's which
served no good-purpose by-keeping
a lot of-correspondents-in'line politi-"
cally and it was»said that the --new
J i ,     ^    - v
Jlinister of Labor would make short
work of it* But such^does not, seem;
to tie the case. 1The other day AVheri
Hon. T. W. Crothers, the minister was
.in_,Msdicin^Hat--hc--promised"l_to-give-
consideration 'to the 'request thatA'd
Labor- Gazette "• correspondent should
be located at Medicine Hat.* Mr. Cro-
tliersvaiscusscd the matter,as well'as
the general, work of the Gazette, giving the .impression that he had" not
the'slightest intention of doing'away
with -.that ' very., useful1 publication.
Lethbridge 'Herald.  '    >' ' V     . ' 'A
possible.. .Is siich.the case.where',
your work is done now? ,i.
r
Let this
S be White
X--. ASK FOR OURPRIGES-You-wont
pay more than'you are now:doing, taking
ALL into consideration.      .-, /"-''■,
HOW THEY LOVE EACH OTHER!
END OF STRIKE AT „■ ,
,     ' LAST IN 8IGHT
Government Takes Action and
ference Is Held With Lead-
,  .era of Dockers
Con-
LONDON, .July 16.—Yesterday's serious outbreak in Hydo Park, growing
but of the bitterness of tlio London
dockers, caused tho government to
make such strong rqprosontntions to
Lord l-ovonport, chalrmnn of tho port
of London authority, tliat lio today
abandoned hla foimcrattltudo und mot
two of tho men's loaders la confer*'
onco. It is believed that the end of
the Btrlko is now in night,
,, Strike Continues
. LONDON, July 17,—Tlio nogotln-
tions looking to tho sottlomont of
tlio London dock strike lmvo muiln
fulled, Lnto lnflt night Premier As-
(jiiltli nnd Lord Dovoiipoi't, tho latter
lojirouontliig the port authority mot
Mvproncntntlvos of tho mon at tlio pro-
mlcr'n offlrlnl rasldonoo but no agree-
mont wns urrlvod nt nnd tho confer-
euro wnB ndjoiimod until Hits nftor-
noon. At the conclusion of tho second conference it was announced no
progross hud been imulo,,,  .
Tho first itrndiiH.lon oxorclseH • of
mii'ncu ut tho Fernio Honpltnl was
held on Friday o.onlng last whon tho
following jea-Iu-.i lliolr diplomas;'
MIbb M. WliUmnro, Mrs. Cook, Miss
Maude Llttlo and Mis* Rnllly.
CIVIC LADORERS
RETURN TO WORK
Rioting*In Belfast Marks Celebration
. BELFAST, ''July H.—An outbreak-
of rioting between Home Rulers and
Anti-Home Ruler partisans followed an
attempt by the first named the other
day to break up tho anniversary eolo-
brntion ln commemoration of tho Battle of lho Boyne. , Sixty thousand
Anti-Homo Rulers dosperntoly resisted repeated,,efforts to break their
ranks.
An orgy of Btono-throwlng nnd
window smashing enBued' and when
tno pollco tried to ;*osloro order both
Blrtes fought thorn furiously, Scores
persons wero hurt by flying stones.
Tno Orangemen- finally' reached
the Abbey, whero rosoliitlonp were
passed pledging i;OBlslnnco to Homo
Hill** "lo tho last ditch."
LED BY PRIE8T CARRY SCYTHES
LISBON, July Id.—Tho PorluguoBA
pnrllnniont closed Itn'sltUng tho othor
day (.mid,erica from tho members of
"Long llvo the fatherland" nnd "Long
llvo tho ropubllc."
Tlio rebels at Cabocclras do Bnsto
aro led by the parish priest, nnd car-
D'lnff guns, pitchforks and scythes,
havo tnkon rofugo In tho mountains
Tholr plans ai'o to Join the survivors
of tlio bund commnnded by Captain
Coucolro, who aro nlso hidden In tho
moiintnliui at a plnco 0,000 foot nbovo
sea lovol.     ' '
WEHAVE AGENTS'AT
;\..
BtAIRMORE,:  COLEMAN, lite., - BAYNES,
A-7- flATAL??GATElWAY. AELKO - - '';'
CXEy LYONS
-    ■■'.„.■-',    7.''    ,s7-  -;':''  ''•","• •''::":'
Insurance^ Real
andXoans
_     *  - i     - * ^        i ,
' ' '"i -     h     r
Money to Loan on first class^Business and Residential property
Court Revision
THE CORPORATION OF THE CITY
OF FERNIE
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that
tho first sitting of the annual Court of
Revision for revising, corroding and
hearing cbmplulnts against tho assessment as mado for lho yoar 1012, will
be hold li;, the Council Chamber, City
Hall, Fertile, B. 0., on Tuosday, tho
23rd day of July, 1012 at the hour of
eight o'clock in tho afternoon.
All persons having complaints ngalnst tho assessment must give notice
to tho assessor In writing, at least
ton days boforo tho first sitting of
this court,
Dated at Fornlo, B. O., tho 1Bth dny
of Juno, 1912.
S. \V. BARCLAY,
Assoflflor,
44-Gt.
What
About
Your
Garden
and
Lawn?
CLOSE CONNECTION
With
for all
Mainline tra
era points
TWO CHANGES ONLY
TO MONTREAL NEW YORK
or, BOSTON
Finest Equipment and fast time
on G.N.Ry. and conneclions
Nainline Trains Run Between Chicago. Seattle
With No Change. STOP-OVER PRINCIPAL
CITIES ENROUTE
Do not lot tho grass grow urider
your foot whllo wo supply l.awn
Mowors, SIckloB, Grass Shears
and Rakes,
YtO Vint  Iff   lho  p-rnnc   ,}ln  f<\r
want of wntor v.V-..1C- -wc hnvp n
good stock of Itnblier and Cotton Hose: also Nozzles and
Sprlnldorsi.
J. S. Thompson, Agt*
P.O. Box 305.   TcL16l
-j«m*--.*-.tl*'H>^rt^'f»M*»H-n
t&
J.D. Quail
Hardware aad Furniture
y' ^■- >m
.--•-. i
THE DISTRICT IJDGgB, FERNIE,. B.70.; JTJLir2d,! 1912.
v
, < fv — Wtm%- -MM "*. -.--,.' ,o-  • > --    -'',;--:        '«>.  : .-'j-__-_--_..  ■      _ta________u_>    .____■__ »>--,'- -   *, ;  • -.' _. .    "" ' . .
PAGE SEVEN
;*****«***»**^^
;-<ey--\y.*~  A_/ >: A<-'- ■■♦■
?j
HOSMER NOTES
By "Black Diamond-';
f ♦ ♦.♦♦♦♦♦.♦ ♦> "♦? ♦ ♦
>       ' '   '--,'*>    ,1-w, .'■-.- "*.       "'. "        »v- •
< -' -AVe had el- good: representation! of
''-Billy and hlB,while,horse':in toyra on
'the 12th. -   He, paraded '; the -• streets
I Pressed -.ih (his "regalia- and looked the
,; part,all right?-";   Bravo, John!,,;?-   -
"'  ".The latest sensation" in" town is a"
•100 yard*foot .race-for a substantial
side -stake.     -Train hard, Billy; 'yoii
/.■   ;.i-    ■ yrefup' against an old-timer this time.
'.What's the o'dds?    y .     ,,,.   .
•   ', The committee of the' Miners' Ball
' are certainly boosting their dance.   If
you haven't got a ticket buy now and/
go with the bunch to the.Opera House,
,  .,July''23rd   ; ,r-.   '"  A * .   y
, 'Why not turn out to the union meet-'
ings?,. They are held'every Sunday
'* In. tlie "basement of-Queen's Hotel at,
2.30 p.ni.     If you"have_a hick* com-'
ing, come*to the meetings and don't'go
' ' kicking around 7?the camp. ,'     *"   *  '■■
"■ '_   The .cars are no place to ride.- Get
■y out .'and'walk A    ''     .'■    ;,'-     A?
^ yVe are glad to see you outsat work
'■*'again, Alec, afteryour short illness., ,»■
'?'  ;Mrs.'A. B.' Campbell has come back
from her long' holiday.  • A? ,B.f has
■ -a big smile oirnow. ' .. A'   "_>'    ' \S>
.-.: -'' The 'laiJieV connected with the Pres?
. .hyteriari Church in Hosmer, met at the*
home.of Mrs.; D. G. .Wilson on W^ednes-
. day at 3 \l.m7 '•' Miss A1. Sutherland:, the
Presbyterian? deaconess; was'present?
■" .Their, business was;to,try and/organ-
.   ise a missionary society-in Hosmer.   -
* .' A fine fishing rod is on View, in the
■window, of the drug'store for tlie local
.-player who-scores-tlie most goals for
?-■- the' season: .„, One. would, notneed to
-,be a great mathematician to total up
all the goals for the team.     ■ .
■' _ Tommy ,has . started  on  the 'coke
"ovens.' ■Heisays,,"Gee!"'   Oh, .i" beg.
,-your pardon./-Ha,, you .will be a "long
line skinner some day, Tommy.    Stay
• 'with? it. '     *  A A ..-'   >^.      -' A
.Tlie • Pacific Hotel is "looking well
, these days. .- The business inusAbe
prospering, surely. '""   k,   ' ? _, 7?
.- ' ■ -What^is'the attraction in the candy-
v store? v.,It. seems to.,l_e~doing fairly
? well,in'tli'e•everiings.'^'-'No-guessing.-
\( 7    ','-'.- On Monday they-broke the previous
'.record, 603 cars coining-down, tlie-hii'l.-
son. •.,--... ■. ■ ,.., '; .-y ,,_-*'^. ■-■'
-The line-up/was as follows:/. A-*"
* Hosmer: . McQueen • aiid •: Wardroji ;
Rice, .Balderstone aiid White;'. W;
.Thornton,: W. Partridge,' B. 'Partridge,
D."Thornton and HutchisonA . '.''
'. Coal Creelc: Hiimpherson;./Mo.
Letchie and R.> Johnston;; Mills, Yates
and Ferguson; Oakley,jNewburgh, ,W.'
McFegan,/ Banns "and Patterson. % ';
„ Referee: J.. Wilson, Fernie. </.r , ''
.'" Hosmer travel'to Coleman .on Saturday, when they'play the local's.N"Keep
up your spirits, Hosmer;.you've broke
the ice.  ,   .'",• 7      '?' >.'
,'Hosmer gained- their first .point .of
the season when they drew'with Coal
Creek on ,Wednesday 'evening. The
compositor .will have to watch put andv
mark up that point, it has been a. blank
so long that he never changed, the
type.- (Ought to be "printed in red
ink!—Ed.)-    -"-■.-,   "..   '        . ;
llsy
♦. ,   ?■",,"     _    '. ♦
♦ ' - . •   MICHEL   NOTES -+
♦./  "' --.A    ♦
♦ •♦> ♦ <fr ♦ ♦ <► ♦.^ & ^- ♦ V
- > '''.        ' ■    ■   s
' Mr.; .T."*; G.' .Harries, International
Board-Member, "United Mine .Workers
arrived'back _in Camp ' Monday 'from"
Indianapolis,"Ind.,'where he was attending a meeting'of the Executive
Board.- ; ,    ■ y     .<
h •■
i
representing a;total tonnage?of, 110,0
.tons.v vWei should like to? see- you
break a record, every1 week.  ",:."' '" "
•' Mr., _B}*'obks~,has left' for'P.rinceton,
;. B. C., to take,up a situation there.,We
hope lie will'find a'few-more gentle-
,; "nicn.'than he.did in Hosmer. • ■ What is
,a gentleman? .^According to his idea
'' they are scarce1 in Hosmer.    How can
' a' dirty miner be a gentleman? *«      <•
Mr. Jones has taken up the position
in the bank vacated „by ■ Mr. Brooks.-
Promotion hns como' your way at lalji;
■ your banking account .will swell ac-
' cordlngly.' .
; 'You must have had a whale' onljthat
time whon It tore younup so,badly as
thrit.'" Hope to sco you .around again
soon. ' V ',,, ' , -
• Acommlttoo of the Hosmer Athletic,
Llub liavo beon canvassing tho town
, to ascertain how many niembors they
can acquire providing n.. building ls
eroctod In ,town. Is your nnitio on tho
,11st?'     „'   ' , '      ,    •      '
. Apple plo .was off the monii card-
one day this weolc at one of our hotels?
It lias occupied tho top position a long
-tlmo now. . ,,
Harry Bralthwnlte Is quitting run-
nlng the locomotive on II, Levol. Ho
Is going Into tho powor house. You
aro in for a few rough Journeys noxt
woclc, Jim.
■ Tho funernl of tho lato Mrs. G. W,
Oyoraty took place from tho homo of
Mrs. A. Hamilton on Sunday, July 7.
Mr. G. W. Ovoniuy thnnks tlio pooplo
of Iloflmoi; for the sympathy, shown
him nnd for the wrontlios sent, Ho
nlao wishes to-express his tlinhlcH to
his brother Odd Follows for turning
out in Bitch numbers nnd tho hoarty
wny thoy treated him In his snd bereavement.
Hosmer vo, Coal Creek
Tho tennis kiclcod off, Ilosnior winning tho toss, Tlio oponliiK wns
brisk with Hosmor jiroHBlm. hnrd. male
lng mimorotiB raids on tho Coal Crook
fronl; tlioro wn» a big Hcrlmmngo, but
nothing roflii]t6\l, A rush towards
Hosmor goal resultod In n goal for
tho Crook, W, MeKoitan bain., tlio
warltsmnn. A brilliant run by W.
Thornton looked promising for the
locnls, but ho shot ovor tho liar. Play
enmo towards tho oppoRlng goal nnd
Hiitson saved woll. Tho, Creek con-
■t.mioil toi pi'OB'j hnrd, bill'' off-sldcm
wns glvon ngnlnBt Onkloy and npollod
..*(...», .»«_, j,,.,,,  lui ti.u tlwn, ilOSIIICT
^Trfturtl hn'Til nml Joitm] u mhui,
which proved fnilllciis. Ilnlf-tlme arrived With Conl Crook lon'dtntc 1—0.
In tho Rpoond hnlf Hosmor rontlnu-
od to press hard, but Inck' of control
/>♦.      fVlA     tin*..      n.     If..      I*..-, |.
cause of their dowpfall. Aftor a
whllo thoy steadied-up n bit and D.
■ Thornton had a gront try. Tlioy con-
tlnuod to press and forced n corner
which proved fruitless. Conl Crook
hnd a nm and forced, a romar, but
McFegan kicked past.. Hosmor pros-
w_d hnrd for fully il. mlniiles snd 15.
Psrlrldfie sutw^ded In finding the
not, Hosmer pressed til! tho finish
and « good ^me resulted In a draw
of 1—1, (tl)est for tho CrMk: McLet'
«li.e. PerKuson, Mills and Ilanns.
n«st for Hos;ujr: Hutson. Wsrdrop,
Tislderstcm*, o. Tbornfon and Hu-Cbl-
A Q -V—f 111 _-_ n_tm«,i.
 - WUg,-ElTV01 JT"
;. Mr.'-'John Todhunter, of Fording
River; was a visitor in town' Jlonday.
-.Genjal Judge ' Corkljl arrived; back
in camp, last week from'Paddy Creek
at which. place, Judge is ^interested
in some mining property. He .'reports that'the', lead shows ■ up - good,
and we wish hiin every success.
Excavation;for. the "building of'the
Odd Fellows.' Hall in New, Michel has
been started.'. .Mr. George'Fisher lias'
,the contract' and under'his able, management, it- will-be completed in the
near future.       " . • "A   ■   •        " '   ,
Owing to,"God-knows wha!t" the"1 mines
only worked two and a half shift's last
'week.  _:''..'■ -;   ' - -   ■''     r'
'/Messrs. -Van?- Every, Welsby ' and
Bun*ell were fishing Sunday! and. a
large" catch,was1 the result'of tlieir ef7
'forts.', • ,;• 7'7"- 7 ";'-'' V.j?,'1 /''".,
;- Strickland "Jack,-7 alias",'-'Missouri
Bill,!' and;'pa'rtyvwere: "fishing-the "waters of the Elk on" Sunday.Vnd as fish
jvere .plentif uUand-th-
enjoyable time1 was spent.
:-'- We"' are Jdad'/tq learn ■ of "the; slow
but'sure recovery/of JhomasjPhllllps.
who has-been suffering'from'typhoid
"fever. ' •'   , 7 -„, .:  7 ,,'"'.  '.   ...
Wm. Ecclestone, who for a long time
hasi been.employed as fire boss'here,
has "resigned his position and leaves
for'the Yellowliead'Pass, shortly;' ■
A race has been arranged'? for two
hundred dollars' a ■ sldo .between Mr!
Million's pony of Fernie and George
iUBher's famous black.? mare. * Tlie
'dlstn'nce to be run Is half a mile,' the
place, Coleman and the dato on which
tho race comes off- Is the 31st of July.
So now you've got it. .By. Uio'way,"
If you want to .win somo dough placo
Jt on Fisher's,black. '7   -
John Macdonnld, better known In
Michel as^the "Cobbler,".and,his bro-"
tlior Dnn, dropped off the train-Sunday
looking up old friends. Both aro on
their -way Enst, where thoy Intond
spending a month or so with tholr par-
cuts. Dnn will thon •'go to Mcflill
Collogo to study tho,law profession,
whilst Jack will roturn to tho'const to
his.business,   ' ■ ■-'•
Joo Gnna In now walker boss for
Goorgo Fisher and.undor hln supervision tho dirt simply files. A llttlo
faster .Too, If you can stand It.
Silvia Grls, tho genlnl portor nt tho
Gront Northern Hotel, has resigned
his position nnd Intends going wost.
,Wo wish him.luck wherever ho goes.
Billy Archer, onco pool room proprietor, hns tnkon tho position of porter nt tho Great Northern. No more
will wo hear him hollo., "Pny mo I"
Mr. Thomas Wllllnmfl, District Mining Inspector, wns horo Titosdny mak-
lug his usual Inspection.
Ono thing that Mlchol onn bonBt of
thoHO dnys lB—nnlii.
pilly Is a rogulnr aiBtomor at tlio
rnndy kitchen Uioho dnyo, Look out,
Hnrry, or you'll ho Bldotrnckod.
Tho Now Mlcliol Saw Mill Co., storied oporntlons Monday Inst. TIiIb monnB
nn additional flnvonty-flvo residents
for thnt plnco,    Every llttlo bit helps.
Ilrown.lB In town. Whnt Brown?
Why, Clinrlto Brown, of course.
Mr. Thomns Hampton has rented the
howling nlloy nnd pool room from Mr
Sf. Tnylor, " Wo wish him luck In IiIh
now ontorprlflo,
Those wanting to got In on Webb's
contro subdivision should not In at
onco n« tlicro nro only a few moro
__)(-* ifiU.
A pony race will tako placo In Now
Michel, Monday, July 22nd, nt 7 p.m.
Blinrp. No ontranco Too. First
prlzo |10:' socond pi-lite, J5. sir.
v.ti.1. .<_-.-i_.ru pony "iseliU','* barred,
jMr. W. Kny, of Fornlo, pnld ft visit
to Now Mlchol Tuesday nnd rqnowtd
old ncquntntanccH.
JTr. B. K. Stewart, mnnngcr of tho
Trltos Wood fltoro, was In town Tuesday (in bnsfnM*.
Joo Miles, Kink of tho Wsu-po, paid
ttnnmor n vlalf .Monday and left quite
a lot of lils brand behind.
Sunday last a laVgo numbor of the
mombors of tbo Michel nine Club dried
out tha Rots rites Jutt lately arrived.
nuHseyw <*r«re plentiful from *^r*ry
ranjr-t trlM. • Korr, bnyir, ent fn nnd
tot sou* cheap practice.
; x The CarrttrMf;:
,' The boxing competition f between
Charlie Carver; of .New. Michel,. arid
Billy Nutt', of Regina;, which, is "Billed': .to take place in 'Martin's.Hall,'
New.Michel, on the night of^the 22nd
inst., promises'to be ?one-of the best
pulled off in the Pass.; The' contes-
ants'agree to box fifteen three'minute
rounds with five, ounce-gloves for
severity-five per cent?of the.gate receipts, 60 per cen of same to, go'to
the winner^ and forty per cent to the
loser. They-are^ also boxing for a
side bot of $200 a side. ,Both boys
are training hard-and.will be in the
pink of.condition when they meet in
the ring ori the date set. ' Carver will,
meet Barney Mullin iri a twenty-round
contest , in tho Grand Theatre at
Fernie,, on August the-14th.' He'will-
also meet Jack Nutt . in.. Cranbrook
some time in September.
i
9 ■ .i   ,    ,
-♦', ' '■♦
♦ *    FRANK NOTES '♦
♦-'-.*' *♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ »♦»♦♦»»♦»
Coleman Bulletin says: "Frank is to
i'laye a moving picture theatre." ' That
is no'yarn A it is'to1 have aJ moving
houso theatre;  no admission.;    •"'
The Calgary Telegram*repoyted on
Wednesday last^story told them "by E
.PAHoward," of Vancouver, whot visited
here last week -travelling; for '^n oil
company. .The .story „which .is >so
remote from the truth that one can
scarcely 'call," it" exaggeration, "was
about a slide of rock here that-tore up!
trees and broke in liouses, etc. Well,
this never liap'pgned, and if E. P. Howard heard, some pf ..ne uncomplimentary, things said'about him here this
morningl would never appear again.
Mr. Ro'lph, .of Calgary, has' arrived
to take' Mr.sBoudreau's place ,as bookkeeper in, the ..company's office. Mr.
andlfrs/Rjolph are moving into House
No.' 30,*' ppposite-sthe hospital.! '■ „ ?
.' Mr anil.Mrs.'Ilerron left 1Ffank?.on
\Vednesday for Lethbridge, where they
efpect to iriake their .home. Mr. Her-
ron-was an engineer, in the^ power
plant,,here.' '■ .    '.    j ■      .7
Mr. John Kennedy; the tailor, cele-
'bi-ate'd the;'glorious twelth at Pincher..
Cre^k-dirFrrdayy^     ;   "~^   r   -.*
"Mr; R. L'.'Norman,' editor of the
Plncher1, Creek' paper,' and his father-
in-law, Rev. Oliver Darwin,' of Regina,
.visited., Rev. ;W-/ T."Young /here on
Thursday last/," .."';, "- -..A" ,-' ''
Mi^s', L. Blals spent Sunday at Cole-
_>
J-
1-.
>•.
.»■
1- I
1- ■
>•
>>
*¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥?¥?¥■»
*. it
, "A
veyed but now, as the people are'getting crowded in. a'bit tight again. ' :J
■' Lots  of" old-timers keep 'drifting
in to;this camp';to ask for their, old ,-*
jobs back again. .7' *" ', '  , r.S
The slave driver from Mexico didn't
get the job he, was "after, so got dis-.
gristed with things and quit his job.' *
, Joe, Carnick thinks, the Turks are
not all dead yet, so made up his mind
to go and finish them off and is pulling out for Italy, with another fighting
man, to 'clean them up. - Hope you
get there in timo, Joe.
Johnny N: looks ; quite' lonesome
now since his* girl left him. -Cheer
up, Jack; it's not for long.'
- They say, Harry signed the pledge.
Looked like it when he was - sick.
Strange thing Alec was., sick "at the
same time, ain't-it?    Oh, you Sammy!
*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦*yy ■-..,,-•    a- ♦
,     BELLEVUE NOTES -#
'<*•**■' 4t
♦ ■-' COALCREEIO ^
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♦ ♦♦»»♦♦ ♦♦♦♦»»^»^. ^
- Provincial Constable Boardman arrived -back in camp .from New Westminster on Friday last. -., • ,. \
■, Mrs? Harry Bogie and son arrived
from the' Land o'-Cakes' and heather?
Harry is quite busy, now showing them
the .sights of this'1.burg? ,' Reep-smiling Harrj-; ■ „.';.; • ' ' ■
--It was with deep regret the many
friends of. Mr ' and. Mrs. Abner -Hor-
rocks heard of the death of Gordon,
their son, who' was' drowned while
fishing 'at Merritt. ',   . '     ,'" -(   •
♦ Mesdames 'Ree, Winstaniey,  Flood
. and; Evans ■ were the guests of Mr and
Mrs. Josuah Boardman on Saturday. '
Steve Hall has" left camp for the
coast. We wish you luck, Steve.
- Owing to the ,'severe weather last
Saturday .the - football club postponed
their league'■ fixture with Hosmer at
Hosmer.... The adjourned match 'took
place piT Wednesday, when-Hosmer
put*up a good,defence. Result—Hosmer 1 ;"■ Coalr Creek, l!
. Don't'forget the ice cream social/to
be held on Monday, July 22nd, in Mr!'
Shanes -garden.' ■ Children between
4 p.m.,and'G- p.m.,"*',Adults from'7.30
p.m.' to' 9 p.m. "-. Ice cream, cake and
lemonade - ,-.,   _ ■* ,
As a little-appreciation of the efforts -
of the Coal Creek Junior F. C. in, win-''
man.
, ^Ir' and Mrs. Dubar,- of Kipp, are'
visiting his brother, Mr., Dubar, of
Frank. '•--." ' -    I
Mr. Cameron, of Coleman, attended
church in Frank on Sunday night.   '
Mr. J. D.' S.-.'Barrett, -weil-knowh
hero as editor, of the "Frank Vindicator,',; has dissolved partnership with
W. B. Bartlett nnd is leaving nbout
the, end of the week for" his 'old home
in Newfoundland, where he is going
to spond tho summer. Mr. Bartlett
is now carrying on the* paper as sole
owner.and proprietor.  -
The C. P. R, has en extra gang at
work hero putting In n now bridge just
west of town, near tho water' tank.
Several of tho'boys were celebrating
their "birthdays" on Wodnosday. ,
Gront IntoreBt wns.nwakonod hero
on Wednesday night wlien it .was scon
that our M. P. P., Charlie M. O'Brion,
was put behind tho bnrs hy tho Cnl-
gnry pollco for drawing such a crowd
that lt stopped traffic on Eighth Avo.
A; Bonamlen, of Michel, wns In town
this wook looking aftor his business
interests hero,
Tlio Bohemian pooplo of Frank ox-
poct to moot at tlio closo of tho union
mooting noxt Sunday In lho hnll to or-
gnnlzo n society which will hnvo as
Its object tho starting of gymnnotlCB
amongst tho rising genoratlon, nnd
tho training and tho development of
tho minds of its young pooplo.
On Snturday morning tho pooplo of
Frank woro'surprised by lionrlng tho
flro nlnrm, About 7.30 J. .Tohiisnii,
tlio blacksmith, noticed that tho shop
wiib on flro, A man was Rent to. tlio
MotliodJst Church, whoro llio flro boll
Is (ns woll n» tho church boll), mid
tho man not knowing rang tlio wrong
hd: \ Many wondered whnt form, of
soivico was being conducted at that
lion.* of tho morning, hut somoono w'u.
knew rnn nnd rang tho right hall, mil
fern a crowd was working with tho
,1'0,-jo to extinguish tlio blnzo; Llfio
daiwiKO wiib doiio to tho building, bur
tho liny, and n saddle nnd brldlo woro
burned, whllo a horso hnd a nnrrow
frrnfo bli ir-mrm *hM«« M«_vrwi v-f-;--
lip wns tnkon nut. •
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ -      *>
♦ KIPP NOTES      ♦
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Tho times havo boon protty good In
this camp for tho Inst,fow months mid
wo hnvo been feeling sorry for our
brothers In othor camps who havo not
tmm working'aa ouajy a» %f. imu>
but ovory dog has his day. Wo are
Idle not on account, of box ears, but
lack of orders seems to bo tho trouble now but wo llko a rest one* In a
while. Thero fs talk of a now shaft
being sonic In this locality. Is thero
•*y troth In It or Is it « r«_.l citato
hlntt to mu a fCW ioU->    j^ wlt0Ul
tlm* a few more townaltes were sur-
.Uin£_thp^LihhnrfH_r<iin_',.r, _i_+i. .*	
—. . .^-l —.,-w.*,,- M..*\_L-_.ux5-jujuiit;y-
at- Fernie, on'July "ist/the Board' of
Management of the, Club "is running .a
grand smoking concert on pay night,
July 20.'.,,,-Admission, 25c- The proceeds to,he-used, to purchase medals
.for the juniors, Come in crowds and
help the kids.-    ' ,;"'
Jock McAlpine returhed to camp on
Sunday last, after'his visit to the homeland/ He reports having had a swell
time,,but there is no place like Coal
Creek.'."'
-Mrs. Dr. Workman npd' family 'have
gone to Now;, Westminster'fo'i. tlieir vacation. ' , i
Hnrry Mooro is leaving camp' for his
old home at Whitehaven," Cumberland, England, on Saturday. . It is- a
great pity, Harry,' yoii could not land
home ,1ri time for the annual -trip from
Whitehaven to tho Isle, of -Man. Bon
Voyage! ,
*'W. Whalley had Ills' face cut by a
fall ot rock In-No. 2 Mine on tho j 0th.
Joe Norman had his foot crushed In
No. 1 North? '  "      -     \
.John Cufz, whllo following his employment In No. 1 East, had his hand
crushed.
wero
♦     , BURMIS NEWS %
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ •*>♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Mr and .Mrs, I_, C. Slovens
week-oml visitors to Tabor.
" Inspector Celclier, of tho II. N. W. M
Pollco, wns Iii Burmls this wook on his
monthly, Inspection.
U 0, StovonB nnd J. W. Skllling
wero the Duriiila roprosentatlvoB nt
tho aoiithorn Alborta Longuo mooting
hold In Illnlrmoro on tho 12th,
MIbh M. A, Murphy loft town UiIb
wook nnd lino gono to Lothbridgo to
rosldo,
Mr, nnd Mrs, TIioh. Duncnn nnd
family woro vloltlng frlonds In town
this week,
Mr. Thos. Sloan Ib contemplating
inking n trip to his old hon^o ln Srot-
lnnd nbout tho ond of tho month.
Mr. flporco Pnuniler and Mr, Don
IteiivoB took In tho Orangemen's demonstration In JMiichor Crook on tho
12th.
Mrs. Goorgo Hopo nnd dfinghtor
took In tho Bights of Colomnn thin
weok,
A   Tirwv   .•<t,}>r>  lion lir-nr,   «v......      i   i
 _■..   ♦   .^
tako plnoi. nt Pnnxburp; on tho ""nd
botweon Goorgo Carson's pony Queon-
to nnd H. (Hover's pony Nolllo, ovor t.
aimrior mllo courso for $ir»0 n sldo.
Wo look to boo tho Burmls horso win.
SO   don't   HlflflPPOlnt   W*    C,4fnrrfn
Qu|i<i n niinilior or lturmls people
took In tho spol'ts held nt ikmver
Crock on tho J2th and roport having
hnd nit excellent tlmo. ii In tho open
pony race Jim Eddy's horso .Unldlo,
from Hurmli, won, bcntlnfl. ChnppeU's
maro, Quwin of tho Woods, irom Bellevue, by several lengths.
T. \Voi_vor. J. Oakley and T. Oakley, of Coal CrOek. have taken up their
npulJc-nc* In IJurmls and are worldly;
on the now hotel.
The T-lllo-Tlurmls football game that
was played at Burmls on the 10th Is
M-U-Ufed lo Lm fbplayed In Kwnk on
the 20tb.
♦ •♦ ♦ ♦ <<s> ♦ ♦,♦'♦ <♦ «- <*.
■' Mr.' Flute,' the managing directo- of
the -West Canadian - Colliery Co., wns
in town on Monday laBt on business.
v At a drawing held at Stephen Hum-
bl'e's Hardware Store, -Mr. Wallace
Bainer was the- holder of the lucky
number, -winnig a razor, and Mr. F.
Chappell .was the fortunate winner of
the second drawing, also .winning a
razor. ' ""'     A    "
;Mr._B. W. Christie is progressing
.very favorably with his new, cottage.
, ,Mr. Stephen. Humble Is leaving on'
Wednesday for his ramjh on South
i<ork to perform his homestead duties.
'.Mr. E. W. Christie is taking charge
of S.Humblo's store for three'or four
months in the absence of the latter,-
The band gave the public an open-
air concert on Sunday night which-was
mucli appreciated by'the residents.
Mr. Hector Macdonaid has moved
his family from Canmor.e, and'is now
occupying the house lately vacated by
Mr. Bridge.,..,' '"''.'"
'The Rev. W. Irwiu/has organized a
club for young, men which is'meeting
with good success. . They were out
for their first ramble' on Monday last,
leaving towri'at 8 o'clock in the morning and returning late in the' evening.
The^b'oys report a good,timo. .
Two" of the. Bellevue boys go to
Blairmore on the 20th for a 15-rouiid
boxing contest,',fhey aro Charlie Bur-
•rows and Samuel Grainger;' there is
also ."two in' the ■ preliminaries fi-om
here, tK«y are Judson Copeland.and
Isaac Marsh.-      A '    '    .
Mr. William, Madison, >vho left camp
some time^ago to accompany his brother's -Temains ' to Springhill, .Nova
Scotia, returned to camp on Sunday
last.. '■•■•'.
.The-Ladies' Aid of the .Methodist
Church are having a garden party in
aid. of the'church on .the 22nd inst.
. v Mr.. James Michell, who has been
building aVpttage, has now got it com-
pkted and will.be occupying it in the
near futuYe.v. ", ■■
, * The ,Rev..W.- Ijwfti left town Monday last .ori-a business trip to Cow;ley
and (listrTct; .Alle returned home on
>> cuiivauay HTiouairr— r~- '—~
The Bellevue-Town Band went,to
Blairmore on .Thursday night's local
and played the Orangemen, to the sta-
fion* . -, 9uite'a'.crowd • of Orangemen-
congregated at Pincher Creek'for tlie
14th celebration. .The band-discoursed music .throughout tho day and gave
every satisfaction. .There was a number of people at/thc Creek, and the
Creek Club boys' gave the band- the
uso of their club room while in town.
Everybody seems to have had a.good
time-and It is gratifying'to note the.
progress of the band under tho able
leadership of G.'W, Goodwin.  '
The football team had a practice
gariio on-Tliursday night and played a'
team of "scrubs," but the ."scrubs"
wore one too many nnd so was the
score—viz., Bellovuo'3; Scrubs, 4..
. The football tonm wns' unable to
keep thoir fixture with Mlchol (nt
Michel) on Saturday) owing to tho
fact that many of their players wero
flick, so thoy wired Mlchol telling
them that thoy could not como.    * ,
Tlioro ls quite 'nn Influx of fighting
mon coining into camp thcRo dnys
from the const, nnd ono of tho Bellevue boys hns been mntchod to meet
the 125 lb. rnhn In thc near future.
Sanatorium at Frank
Rocky Mountain
SANATORIUM
.  at the famous \
Sulphur Springs
Every 0Convenieuce
. Bus at all trains
. * -'  $
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
.Wholesale" Dealers in
Wines, Liquors arid
CIGARS
FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK
;■    !       .'.'Phone 83,, Frank, Aita., / \ -.
Washington mines are attracting
moro iiltcmtlon this yonr tlini. thoy
linvo for n long timo. In tlio Republic' District, in' Forry County, lnrgo
numbers of men nro being worked
onco moro. Thoso mines woro closo'd
In 1007. bnt promise now to hocom-n
big producm-H. In Oliolun and Oknno.
gnu countloH, mlno owners nro gott.
lng ready to ship ore, as soon i.h tho
railroad, now building along tho Columbia lllvnr, north of Wenatclieo, Ih
rondy Tor biiHlnoHH. It hns nlwnyH
beon predicted tlmt noinodny, Washington mlnos will bn good uroduciirs,
h  .-
ardware and Furaiture
^    ■        . ^  ——     ■--   ■ ...
-,   We have- the largest and most' up-to-date    , ■
Hardware and. Furniture Stock
inthe.Pass.    Everything in .
Stoves and Ranges
* Granite & Enamelware
Furniture, '
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and-Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
1" "* K v .. ' -A
Crow's Nest.Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7     .FRANK,   Alta/    P.O. Box 90
.'/_■.' Dealer In\     '■    .        '..'.: ■■?
Dry Goods,   Boots &zy Shoes
Men's  Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &   Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods    at   Lowest   Prices
Hillcrest
1 -
Alta.
Meet Me at
the Roller Rink
PELLAT AVE.
i^^**W
SJTOPii»»V*>-'r.l'r',".,Vui
#Mr(*£i^^M^l'/--'<ti'>i.^'M
HOSMER
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
, Limited
Let  us know your wants.
All Orders  Receive Our  Careful
Attention.
Stephen T. Humble
Dealer  in
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
BELLEVUE - - Alberta
Thfo (a what you sea
there evory evertlnar
G.A,
Grand Union Hotel
COT.F.MAN    AHn ■■
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the ivorkingman's trade
CLAIR /-.♦ Proprietor
■■ n
'I
>• .1
"fl
-51
- h 1
'111
j 1
- ;-^ .?/ . I
____!  ' * ■ ■*--*■ -_£.■
\    ",
much to un, nnd nil humniilty, tlio
gnmo I* up for tho robber*..
Tlio SoclnllBt ir-OVi-mcnl in tho only
school that tonrhcft thli. brant) of modern thouRliL. tht »nutorl.tllat contention of hlitory, tho closg tlruRRlo nnd
thu lahor (U_ui'. of wiliw.~C. , M.
O'MIIBN.
THE PREMIER
FURNISHED ROOMS
Every conw«n(enc« t«nd comfort, jutt
llk« being at horn*.   Ont block
from Po»l Offlc*.. C«ntr>
•Hy locatid
Dr. de Van'« Female PIKs
A nJUMl timtii teft/Ilk-, s bum ttVJf, 7 hat
pliti tr* ticMdlBftf mm.(al la itfiiUi!»«r iu
»-rwuU_t.U_(UU^t.UUUuv_Uiy.U(r..  k.f.M u,  jk. WlLKfN     .   n.->-,.r_.t_._.
TU«l<x.UUbrof C«_,f«i.CMt»»rtn«,Om.  PELLAT AVE.     .    .    .     PBRNIR. .   -;*'!,y '.'{..,--*■ 7V t-
-7-
,.«..*.;:*
,*£\*"
\v ".;;>,.
- ■•*_
PAGE EIGHT
y. THE ,DISTRICT LEDGER;^ FERNIE;    B,{C;,;JULY-2ft 1912.
s. it t- AAA1    -A?
tn
_ \The miners in the English coal, field
federated area are endeavoring to
force on an early jneetin? of the coal
trade conciliation board in Londo-V lo
■ask for 5 per cent increase of wages,
which is the maximum amount tnat
can be asked for at one,time.. The
miners contend that the awards under
''the minimum wage act will'not give
" any justifiable reason for the owners
refusing a 5 per cent advance in wages, as the increased prices of coal will
cover the cost under the awards..
Owing to the minimum for various
grades being less than they demanded,
the miners in the Black country have
declined to work under the 'Minimum
"Wage -Act; At Dudley the men at
two large pits and at several Nether-
ton mines struck work on Monday,
June 3. At Black Heath tho miners
demand $1.62y2 a day for coal getters,
$1.32 for loaders, <16c. for boys of 14
years, rising by half-yearly increases
to $1.10 at the age of 21.' They also
demand that beer,-- or its equivalent,
should be provided. No attempt was
made at thc annual council meeting of
the Northumberland Miners' Association at* their meeting of June 3 to get
the association* to withdraw from the
Miners'-Federation of Great . Briain.
Only three voted for-it and 57 against.
The Northumberland miners are going
to press through the federation for
not less than $1.25 ^minimum wage to
be paid to all surface workers.  '
The executive of the South WaleB
miners has declined' to adopt, the. recommendation of the Miners' Federation of- Great Britain that the minimum wage for hewers should be $1.81
per day, -and adhere to the sum of
$2.00 to be presented on behalf of the
men for consideration of the joint
board. Lord St. Aldwyn, whose award
• caused much resentment on the part
of the South Wales miners, went down
the Powell-Duffryn Company's mine
with the object of seeing under what
conditions' the miners work. This
was done at the suggestion of the
miners, who had refused to accept the
suggestion of Tills . lordship for the
grouping- of the .various grades with
aview to pooling.,' - '.- -
The1 miners in Scotland have appli-1
ed for an-additional1 25 "per cent increase" on the 1881 basis, which- would
bring the rate up to $1.75 per. day, an-
increase of 25c, per day, but the Scot-
* tish Coal Conciliation Board,_mee_ting_
suit that' a special conference has been
convened'to discuss the situation.
Lord Dudley's ''Pickers-in-Charge." ,.
, Demanding a wage of 41.62 a day,*
t\ventyfive . men employed at Lord
Dudley's Himley Colliery struck work
and by doing so stopped the mine. Sir
Walter Lawrence mentioned $1.62 per
day in "his award as wages for'"pickers
'in charge," instead of $1.54_a day, the
standard rate for pikemcn. The miners" agent advised the men to return
to work, and he had an interview! with
two representatives of Lord Dudley.
The result was an intiiriatlon that If
the men would resume work pending
a conference to discuss.the grievance,
summonses which had been applied
for would be withheld!     °   -
South Wales Miners Wages
The difference in the miners''earnings in South , Wales is remarkable.
Ihe owners contend that in some pits
one miner will earn us little as -$1.25
or $1 a day,, while another miner working near him will make $2, $2.50 and ?3
a day. Hence the . colliery proprietors submit that it is unfair to.fix a
minimum wage for all,at $2 a* day.
But expert miners like W. Brance,
M.P., W. Abraham, M.P.,'. and Thomas'
Richards, M\P.! contend that this ■ Is
not because one miner is better than
another' at his job, but the reason is
that one man meets with difficulties
in getting coal and another is not confronted with them. To one'man coal
Will come easier, and another miner
will come across water or soft'coal.
Many -miners have to work' up. to the
knees in watervin many pits all over
the country. The point has been
raised that • those miners only who
earn the minimum wage should have
their explosive supplied free.   " VJ   o
In Glasgow, did not agree to this and
has referred It to an1 independent
chairman. This application for a general advance throughout Scotland has
no connection with the minimum wages question, but is submitted ^"accordance with the agreement of 1909,
which expires on August 1 next. The
miners have given notl.ce to withdraw
from that agreement on 'Its expiration.
Miners Kicking Against Lord St."
Aldwyn's Award
The uproar In the South Wales coal
fields afeainst tho award of Lord St.
Aldwyn has evidently had some effect
for his "Ludshlp"'has intimated that
ho may fix tho minimum wage for ost-
tors and laborers at 79 conts por day,
with percentages added, winch would
mako tho wages $1.19 on present .per-
contngos; but this will be on condition
tlmt tlio ago at which a workman becomes entitled to a minimum wage is
raised to 21 years. Lord 'St. Aldwyn's
nllerocl proposal will moan an Increase
on prosont porcontngoH of seven conts
por day for ostlors and laborer.., his
lordshl|) having previously fixed a
minimum for thorn at a rato which
worked out, with percentages, at $1,12
per day,
Somerset Miners Minimum
To tho million minors ot tho country
tho minimum wage award for Homor.
sol minors will be lnlp.p_.lluj*;, nippol.
hlly uh It Ih of un nccojitablo churne-
tor. In thn Nuwbury ami RailKtouk
districts, nil won nnd hoyo employed
In or around lho mlnr-H lmv<> received
Hii.-Blr.nUnl Iiictoiihoh.
Black Country Deer Allowance
Until tholr boor ullownncu Ik con-
ceiled, tho minon* In llio lilocklioath,
I.nloHOwiie, Oalt Mill and Itowloy district uiinouncod tholr lntc.nl Ion of not
rcttirnliift to work. Tli* minora' agent
ulntf... tlmt tlio mon lind no simrantoo
If employed on tlio lonnnno sytUem
tlmt lliolr waxen would bo mndo up beyond Iho fi.'jfi por day minimum.
Somo of tho conl nwnora hnd iikiwiI
to glvo Iho mon four rentH.por dny
for liecr, and they woro omployors who
had novor provloiihly given boor nl-
Icwntuu Thn men conaldor tho boor
nliowniico Ih a vory viilnahlo ono, nnd
the ru»tom operate., nt tho majority
of th* THnek fount, v Pnlllnrtpo
Scottish Miners' Claim
Tho Scottish minora nro claiming
nn advance equal to 27> touts por day
on but-lii rates, nnd Lord Hunter, who
was formerly Solicitor (ienftral tor
Feoi_fl.)d, has consenIod to net as no.i-
trnl chairman of tho Scottish Conl
Conciliation nonrd.
- " Quarrymen Strike . ■■
Sett-makers and kerb-dressers in
Stirlingshire and Dumbartonshire_wl_o
are in the Sett-makers Union of Great
Britain have been locked out by" the
Quarry Masters in order' to compel a
settlement in Aberdeenshire, where
increased rates fore certain work are
being demanded by the men.' * It is a
gratifying indication of the feeling of
brotherhood1 being manifested1 between" the workers*0 of the- world. that
the lockedout men. are .promised fin-
afioial"^sistaT^e"l5^tlieif"comrades"in'
the,United States and Canada.   ,   -
', Bonus to Miners "A*"
The Denby and J Cadeby Collieries,
Ltd., have hit upon a method of "deal-
%lng with their obligations under the
Minimum' Wages Act, and propose to
pay the minimum on a new principle.
They have agreed to bestow upon their
4,000 underground workers who come
under the operation of the Act a 10
per .cent advance, which brings tho
percentage up to 60. This extra percentage will not "be given to men direct
but will go to create a fund for1 the
payment of minimum wage claims. -
Every three months, aftor all claims
under the Act have beon satisfied, tho
fund will'bo distributed in the form of
bonus among tho workers, tho amount
of the bonus being entirely regulated
by the number- of calls which ha 'O
beon made on tho fund during tho
quarter. Thus (a contemporary says)
lt is to tho Intorost of every'workman
to onrn tho minimum If ho can, nnd so
bonoflt ns much ns posslblo from tho
bonus. Thoso who mnko claims most
frequently on thc funds will find their
bonus correspondingly reduced, The
system is unquestionably directed towards maintaining tho output by corn-
polling a falr^day's work for it fair
day's wngo, and this Is dono by Instituting tho spirit of co-oporatlon nmong
tho mon. Shirking and Incompotonco
nro automatically barred by both employers and workl-ion, for It Is to tho
common intarn.it. thnt tho minimum
wngo should ho onrnoil, Doubtlosfl
If tlio first oxporlmonl.nl throo montlm
proven HUc.con.irul tho principle,will bo
gnnornlly ndoptod throughout coal mln
lng. Thn nrningoniont nl llonahy and
Dailoby, which Ih unilorHtood lo liavo
tho wholehearted npprovnl of tho mon,
Ih Inrmlnnhlo ut throo montlm' notico
at tho beginning of" tlm quartor.
Lancashire Miners' Orlevanen
Thero are many complaints In l_nn-
ciuh.re rv-li-liu dUttlctit about the
manner in which thc Minimum Woqe
Act i* l-3-i-g viorkwii. Ono ot the
complaint* la that the colliery proprietors tim ^topping th* practice of de-
luKnlnjc free coal. Tbe Lanc<_-...lr«
nnd Cheshire Miners' Federation havo
taken up the trie ranee, with tho re-
J08EPH   MARTIN  AIDS  LADORITE
Fight I no Against Government's Candidate In dye-Election In England
LONDON, July 15.—Ono of tho
.■..out prominent flguron In tho Hnnlay
bye - oloctlon cumpnlgn (tho Lib-
oral hriH been oloctod) Ih JoHcph Martin, M.l'., who in supporting tho labor
enwlidnlo nn n nrnMur orntimt his own
party for nn nllonod nttompt to filch
that Hunt from tho LnborttoR. Tho
Li.lH.r party held (tho »ont, ,but on a
vacancy occurring lho Liberal oxocutivo determined to put n cnndldnto In
tho field, following which n threo-eor-
new! flfiht 1ms developed with much
bltternen* botweon tho two sections
of tho govornmont supporters. Labor
mombors In tho Houso of Common*
threaten to abstain from party division* aa a protest against tho action
of thb LlUval t_-.6cu.lve, and conceivably this might place tho government
In t. v«.ry ^mlmrraaslnK ponUlon. Joo
Martin, with his characteristic enthusiasm for tho weaker cause, hns mapped his fingers at hts party mftn__-
ner* nnd thrown himself heart and
•oul Into this sectional campaign.
Ti^E MARTYRDOM OF LABOR^A
If ever.a great artist' conceives the'
iaea of personifying Labor? h?e.,,could-
not select a more .impressive or more
profoundly expressive. symbol, than- a
Christ-like.*' figure stumbling:- beneath
the burden of a 'gigantic cross, upon
whiclTare'carved'the words—accident
—disease—death. Owing, to1 failure,
of crops,in Russia,, 15,000,000 peasants
are dying.of starvation in the Middle
and Lower Volga, the Ural, West-Si;
beria, and Steppe Provinces - districts:
The death roll has.-been so',appalling
of."late,that-a "Russian Famine Relief." Fund has been' opened in Lon-.
d'on. • ■  * A*   '     ,. 'L - *-     'A
.According'to the-Board'of Trade
Returns, 1,165 persons were killed and
32^214 were injured on British .Railways last year alone. Of these 446
of the killed were railway servants,
and of the injured 27,848.    ;' ' •
In America during the last ten years
no less than 30,000 miners were killed
whilst following their employment. ■
• Between June 1891 and June 1911,
a period of twenty years', 66,347-British seamen lost their lives—an average of 3,317 per year.
As to the fruits of the laborer's toil,
the toil which' exposes' him to sudr
deadly danger, it is interesting to analyse the article which appeared ' in
the Daily Chronicle one day ia:;b
month from the pen .of that indefatigable statistician, L. G. Chiozza Money.
From it we extract the following figures:      •_'.,-'
One half of'the national income is
taken by-1.100,000 persons. '* The aggregate, "income of these, amounts
roughly, lo £1,000,000,000.* '
Of tliis .£600,000,000 goes into the
pockets, of ?only 250,000 persons. -",
Again,.every year about ,£300,000,--
000l is left- at* death by people. Of
this as. *,mucfi as two-thirds, £200 ,-
000,000 is left"quite regularly by only-
4,000 persons in estates of $10,000 or
upwards. -,
Many more interesting facts are
given, but''the above are the most
vital". to the. working class. They
show, in all-; their sinister - vividness,
what Labor; ■ bleeds, suffers and dies
for.. Workers,"?when are you going
to put a stop to it? You are the sufferers— you alone can deliver . the
world from, its surfeit of woe. _' Can
you wonder at your poverty any longer, knowing that one half of the wealth
you producers taken from you by just
over one,million people, for themselves
and' their* families, whilst the other
half Ms divided between over thirty-
nine .million people? . Do you believe
that the '^Directive Ability" of the one
millioni is worth the sacrifice to you?
Have you ever studied that nebulous
quality "Directive Ability," with 'a
4J_e___:-Jo^ascertaining___.its__truejvor,th?J
Don't you understand that the real
"Directive Ability" is in you, "not the
capitalist'exploiter? Political economists? anti-Socialist hirelings? and capitalist polltlclohs tell you otherwise,
but let me tell you a story about Directive Ability—a true story at that.
Once upon a time a certain celebrated
capitalist took it into his head to apply his stock of "Directive Ability"
to his own Industry. He was a shipowner, and one day he went to sea on
one , of his ships. If, the working
class can manage to work - a ship
across • tho * Atlantic unaided, how
much easier must it have been to work
it when they had on board the compact "Directive Ability" of the whole
firm? It ought to havo beerAmuch
easier,.hut it wasn't, Somehow the
workors could have - managed better
without it. ' Such un accumulation of
filth' as capitalist "Directive' Ability"
was loo mucli for the largest unslnk-
ablo- ship on earth. It snnk and destroyed ovor 1,700' lives,
Think it, ovor and ask yourselves-^
Is not capitalist "DIroctlvo Ability".
iin.Qxpon.tlvo and useless luxury7—-Romany Ryo In Tho Socialist,
Rossland Miners' Celebration
(Continued from page 1)A A* "
and"asking for' higher wages usually
has as much'.chance of getting it as-
a* naked man would Avere he-contending with 100 men clad iiAarmor and-
armed "with'modern rifles,""and. he con-'
tended thatthe man who worked" with
his .hand, whether he be mine'r, car-
penter, blacksmith,- butcher,, baker..-or
candlestick maker, .was foolish if" he
did not'belong to unions1 made up* of
these ,callings. -Who are more cbn-
temptibleV.than. the individuals who
are'knownto the employers as strikebreakers, _ but who ■ are designated- by
members of .organized labor as scabs
and rate. - "'    .'   *'.    y    , ,''.
There was' a feeling' of unrest, all
over-the'civilized world, he said, that
in'the past/labor has not had a fair
share of the good things bf JIfe; that
in one way" or another,.the men, women-and children who had-done'the
harder and more,laborious portions of
the world's work had not been getting
a* fair sha'reand-%ey were demanding
more, and it looked very much'to him
as if they are going to get it. Men are"
recognizing that they.are their brother's keeper's- and this humane doctrine
is leavening "mankind and urging them
on to higher and nobler things'. This
was reflected in old age ' pensions,
workmen's compensation acts, 7 minimum wage acts and in the prevention
of child labor and other like acts.
Unions like theirs were among . the
most charitable of institutions, as they
visit and take care of the sick, bury,
the, dead, aid the widow,and orphan,'
take care of" poor and needy members
.and their charitable deeds,are as numberless as the, leaves* on* a monster
tree in a forest, and it .was all done
as1'a matter of course, ' without any
flourish of trumpets or" shouting about
it from the'housetops. It was founded
upon the genuine brotherhood of man
arid the fatherhood _of_ God and was
one of the greatest and most sublinie
features of organized :labor.       \,    *•
Much as-has been accomplished by
labor there ;are ' still shining .and
higher goals?to .tie reached? said the
speaker, and unionism will keep on its
upward climb till it reaches them and
bears the sweetest and finest possible
fruit in the shape of good for mankind1
so great that the, very angels in heaven will applaud."     • '
The speaker then told his hearers to
enjoythemselves to the top of their
bent so.that.inr.he years to coirie the
two days would he,red letter days in
th'eir memory.-'"•'. .'<.-' '       , .* -  ■
"The president then-introduced J. _vV.
Bennett, of Fernie, who in, a humorous
speech complimented , .the   people  ,of
., - A HINT-TO THE PEW A^A
,, Bishop - Lines, an -.American bishop,
"addressing the-; conventionA'of'?*? his
church, warned-.* his'-? hearers', against
tbe indiscriminate -attacks?,now7 being'
'made on Socialism. (anif-the-confusion
of ideas which'prevails"in\regard to
-it:-     - '      ..A A? *>-.■■"-'- "
"A good many people are-joining in
the. u'y against' Socialism'.wto Khn'w
very little about it?' A A "7'S^.''*?AA
."No such movement can-have Valued "its strength-arid hold upon "many
people without expressing, some nee'd
and -some truth. -wtiich77right-minded
men are bound to recognize.., 'It,'Is*a
means which agreatinany'peopIe-,in
the'harder places of 'life' are using. in
their contention against privilege, and
the wise course is for "those '-who,, bear
the Christiancriame,to' try? to under-"
stand"1 the movement,';ahd to get into
as friendly a s relation as possible with
those* who are finding in- Soclalism-
their religion?       y       . ■'" , ',
"There are great abuses from which
the weaker suffer most in our communities, and the church "Is unfaithful to
her trust if .she does inot'cry out against them' and demand that the conditions of life be made better. If men
and women in our churches feel not
the ills,which come through tenement
houses, child labor,- long1 'working
hours, dangerous trades,' multiplication of saloons? unclean, streets, false
weights,, loan sharks,'corrupt offiijilj,
a'-id- if ,they.object to hearing„those'
who preach in, Christ's name refer to
these "things, ietAheiri. give up their
ease and correct, the abuses \and
make It.no longer necessary to prese/it
these" subjects" in the-pulpit" .  '"A
7, A.'*man?will spend-,an .hour .praising;
his wife in the'eorner saloon,'but'zwhe'n
he gets home he won't even admit ti'at
,--_..<" .•-'
'./• \v.t.
she can'boil,potatoes,  *''"*•■*  •'"     °
7.   -TRV A LEDGER AD. IT PAYS
i.   > ■
Rowland and^.the • Rossland ■ "miners'
union on "the great success that their
17th annual celebration, was going to
be. ^ Referring,,to"tWthorougbly cosmopolitan population'1 of Rossland,' he
said that the voices'of the men from1
Norway arid Sweden.blended with the
voices of Italians and Austrians, Russians and.Gallclans, not forgetting tho
Irishman, who is never at peace unless
he is fighting," a Scotchman who is
never at home unless he is abroad, and
an Englishman who' is never happy
unless he' is grumbling.' He said thnt
he was like the man who wired 'lis
friends to say that he was, off the
Kicking Horse, and was now on the
Crow's Nest, for ho,' Mr. Bennett, was
off the Kicking Horso and also fhe
Crow's Nest and had landed on,.tho
very floor of heaven itself, because he
believed^ that Rossland was tho plu_
naclo of Canada's town, He .hen
wont very thoroughly Into labor questions and wns listened to with groat
interest by a largo throng.
.  .A^BISH.OP SHOCKED     ,    A
A visit which-the Bishop of Willes?
den paid,on a Saturday night to,'a
cheap' shopping center*- in ' Camden
Town, (London, Eng.)'.filled him with
horror," as he explained the following'
Sunday' when "preaching at -the Foundling Hospital: y ' ,,
, "Last - night,, at eleven ocFock." he
said, "I happened to' go1 through Camden Town,' and-stood,'outside butcers'
shops," where I saw va-sight which I
had never before * seen*- in my life.
Even in the eighteen years I spent in
the west of .Canada,I-.never saw, anything.like it.'- There were a couple of
hundred people standing outside .each
of those shops,' simply hungry; and
starving,- and trying to pick up at a
very cheap' price the bits of meat tliat
were over "after the butchers' day, was
done. \Such a thing ought not to be.
Our civilization is still pagan."  "   ,-• _
DMONTON
SHOW
and RACK MEET
Canada's Greatest Western Fair
*•_■ t To be held in     " "/
Edmonton, Alberta
August 12 to 18
$40,000 Offered In Prizes and Purses
New Departments this Year:
Fine Arts' Women's Work ,
Photography   ' School Children's Work
Entries close July 29
Excursion Rates on all .Railroads
Write for Prlw List
W. J. STARK. Manaarcr
Thero Ih only ono way for tlio worker's to ond nil this, nnd (hat Is to OR-
QAN1ZR Thoro aro two fields upon
which tho workors must organize—tho
political flold and tho industrial field.
Thoy must organize politically to capture tho govornmont so ns to mnnlpn-
into It ln thn InteroBts of humnnlty,
and on the liiriuHlrl.il flold, lu tho
right wny, so n« to right tor bettor
condition., and ln tho end run tho In-
diiBlrlos for tholr own bonont,<whlch
thoy will do by owning thorn. As
thu proiluro of tha tools of prodtic*
tlon Ih tho property, of thoso who own
tno toolH, tho workers niiiflt socuro
control of tlio mncblnory of production nnd tluiH Innugurntn n system of
wonlth mid liupplnuHH for nil,—11, C,
I'VdorntlonlKt.
A FAITHFUL
SCRIPTURAL FOLLOWER
WELL AND, July 13.—A VortuguoBo
woman weighing loss than,, ono hundred pour.dH, and employed in one of
tho factories horo, has just Riven
birth to tour children. Ton montrm
n<*n nh.» hnd ono child po hor r^frtrd
now flvo in ton months.
THE WORLD'S WONDER
. Famous Painting
CHRIST AND THE SHADOW OF DEATH
A most magnificent and mystifying
work of art. Can be seen by. its
own light in the dark. Arouses
great interest and curiosity in all.
On Exhibition Evenings Only;7 to 11 o'clock
Commencing Saturday, July 20
„   In Liphardt Block
Admission 15c Children 10c
MOST INTEHESTING
MONTJIHAU July 11.—In nil pro-
Imblllty tin. tlm« i* nrnr nt hnnd whrsn
Another nurao will bo Added to tho
calondar of talnti nnd tho Roman Catholic faithful of thia country will bo
In a poiltlon to Invoko tho Intercession of Bt. Margaret of Cannda.
News hai Jutt arrived from Romo
that tho ca*ii of M&rK<w<.t Bourgoyn
foundraia of tho congregation of Notre Darna, who Uted in H.Ir city in Jan-
nary, 1700, hai be«n entered at tha
mart of Rome for txsallflcitlon. In
1878 a decree of tho sacred confireua-
tlon of rit«« declared Marearot Hour-
toyi wWable.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERC17
Slit P.DMUND WALKER. C.V.O.. LL.D., D.C.U, Pretldent
ALEXANIJKR I.A.1.D JOHN A1RD   .
General Manttfar Awl-Cant Oamaral Matuqpr
JOHN BARBER,. D.D.S., L D S.j i'
-.   ... -.'de'ntist:: A '*? ■; **' .'
, -, ->'.('-' -,. _     ,, - .      ,    . '
Offlcer-.Henderso'nyBlock.'.'Fernie, B.C?
['   .   Hours:. 8.30~ to l/2to 5.
. i   i    .      t ' ■ -' "-•'-      "   ',.    '■'"'*?•
Residence: 21; Victoria"Avenue. ,
33^~r^yyy;
ECKSTEIN & MacNEIL    ,
Barristers & Solicitors, Notaries, &c.
. V. , Offices:' Eckstein-Building,
'•■ . Fernie, B.C.', •
F.-C. Lawe-.\ _,;■'.A.'Alex; !. Fisher
? ;     '     LAWE& FISHER    .
;A -? "> , attorneys'    A A .
'     ? - Fernie, B. C_L'   "       - •
■.'    '■      L. , H.    PUTNAM
' .      . .    . .- . . .<!
.   -i.-     ,  i - "■ ,   ', O  ■
Barrister,' Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
.BLAIRMORE,       < *;    ALTA.   A
*/
jpgFgNIE
MBER CO.
;   <   '< -* .    .<  - -■'>. k      , ,   t-
y    v. A. McDougall, Mgr;   •"    *
\.        . *-        - -        *-
--,-<.-   , -.•    ■ _ -    •,. -■      ^   '-
i Manufacturers bf and.Deal:
,   ers in all kinds oYRoiigh
.. and Dressed Lumber ,
■* ' ,)'-
.'   . -, -. -        ^  a
."-.;   y  'A    'A'   •"'*.■
Send us youp orders
HOTEL
'"     • .  ..•   -O *   '   •     -i    „ , i   <;       -■      /
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
Every'person likes to be comfortable. *"We bave the latest'
design of steam heating apparatus ln every room. _ Our menu
is the best. We guarantee satisfaction. , Two blocks from 0.
P. R. Depot. Old and new faces
welcomed,
, New Michel, B. CT
P. Zorratti - Prop.
Hotel Michel
Michel, B.C.
HEATED WITH 8TEAM
Lighted with Tungsten Lamps
.  Ostermoor Mattrcesee
Clean Linen
Puro Food
Rates $2,80 per day
UNBURN.
'   BUSTERS.
sor e Feet,
Kviryltody now tdrhlta
ZantoDuk keat far tbatt.
f »J-j t^ •»»-,« v^t t »»•<>
uA oMtfori, ~J *"""
Dnttthh *ui Skm mrymkiH
amBiik
.-?'-., 'j.
;. A; -P;|V>, WHELAN^"Mar(ager/^':
A^t^s;$2;00;akdiip^AJ
.""-.*.     ;■■?   -"' ■:-••"■ S.-. ■: .>«'
,.' '"' v Hot.'an'd' Cold iw/ater'..',".
-;,.'Eiectric''Lighted Xli 'X";-'.
,   ' i - •  ■?.. ..*'
„     ' ■--Steam Heated.',,  ',3, ,J.;
'V     ,   'Phone In every room?, ,
'   ''   >-\ e>    " *' " -'   ' '■ ' ' - ^   '    y
.i. v-Sample,Rcton.8 on Main'; •
•-." **- •'-"   ,,A Business: Street,'? '>* \
'-     ?'■" ' • ■■   >y ' \
,Me^l Tickets, $7;00-
Jpeeffl Rate8 by the,^eek Mi
the m^nth a|id.to Theatripjj j-
tle8'' >y bur       , -
Special Sunday
^Dinner  .
""J Jlwit of Wlnea, Llquora
a"j !aara served by competent
and,bilging wine clerke.    y
FERNIE
Bar Unexcelled
AH White Help
•    ■ if.
Everything
Up^o-date
■Call in? and '.-■:■■
see Aiis once ''•' t
•'«
*' *i\
J^NlPODBIELANCli-VProp^-I^
Sl HOTEL
BftV fiU^iied with the,. b6st Wines,
.-ljiquora and Cigars
DINING rqq^j IN ooNNBOTION
W.MILL^,
Prop l
Lar^e Airy RoomsNi&'
Good Board
Rosjj & Mackay £w&
,0UN In buck a display of
Meats
„.!^? have the bait money
™" buy of Beef, Pork, Mut-
L0"' VmI, Poultry, Butter,
foon, FlBh( iiimpawof Ham,
tt.«LBB00n" L"rd» 8«"»«oeif
W0lhera and Sauer Kraut.
'PHONB OP CALL
C%ary Cattle Go,
Phona SS
^CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
TRAVELLERS' CHEQUES
.slued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce enable the traveller to
provide him«|f with. Amif* wHthoat deUy »t etch point of hi* journey In
* convenient yet Inexpensive manner. They are issued payable in every
country in tin. wflrlr. fn rffnomlnatton.! or
$10.   $20.   $50,  $100,  $200
with 'the exact equivalent In the moneys of the principal countries stated
on the face of each cheque. They •« •coaommi, abaototely idfe self-
Identifying: and easily negotiated.     f_ I1        ,,     «,«
FERNII BRANCH U A. ». DACK, Managir.
How's This?
W» eff.r Om Bt-BilK-4 D_.Ur_ tttwttt for «m
tu* «r c«lmk tb»t ctanot U turn by tttU1*
c*unti owy t fjffgffgm 4 COi ^j^ 0
W«, (bt «aArrti|»-4, fciw kim tr.. t.
CbtMr tttr tu Un 16 jr**n$, lad b-lUn Mm
f*rt**ttf Mi»r«M« fn all  tmilnm IrtT.itrlUrm*
iuU t»ivuiir M* to eiwr **i ur oMUiUom
v     MAT. 1UKK Of OOUUKRCR,
m*.
ITtN'« CiUnti OiMlt ttkM hilfnullr, artlaa
lit $frtm.  TtntfmUU mt tm.   Tttt* r*
Ttk* mu*« ro-df rait t» «Mttp«U4c.
ASSAYER
p"   w»" WIDD0W80N, Aiaayer and
ShSnle'^oj.-OJl". Nelson, It. O.
II fiifth. ^MP'Pi SUver, Lead er Copp*r.
11.W. _..,i_;i'*'_-**k',,_V **»* »"Ni«i.k/f.»a,
cement, Sf£22?__.tor 0V1<lr P»«t» ai Coal
tlon" TKirf?iay *•>»>«»•« on appltea.
In nritla^oJUW^u'tom aaaay office
A^VAN OIRBBWA1D
^IIOS. W. COBBAN
MMnWs of tha Victoria R«al
Estate Eichonge
t££Z P iot formation about
Wl *w» tut* Qn«cl«i tistmUi _
• ii *    V        .       .
y.
■L.y.^r
'•-     '<!--.
THE DISTRICT. LEDGER, FERNIEAAfB. C, JULY 20,1912.'
i.G2 EIIO
Beware of.
Imitations"*
Sold on the
-Merits of "
Minard's.
Liniment
j
Passburg
. You're always welcome here
.Clean Rooms, Best of-
; " - Food, and every
: \;f   :attention'   AAA
  .,—1-   ._ '„..,.' ,ZZ— j
THOS..DUNCAN ■' Passburg;,
>-v
"Just-received,   a   shipment <?' of.
EDISON, PHONOGRAPHS and.
VICTOR GRAMAPHON.ES.'A '"'
.. Hundreds ' of latest Records,
Violins,? Guitars, . Accordeons,
Sheet Music, etc., etc." ."i,
MACHINES-SOLD   ON' EASY:
'''I  '  PAYMENT 'PLAN.   '"'
KEiSTNEDy'S
DRUG.AND BOOK STORE,
New Michel
-  . "THE REXALL STORE."    .
Polish
JEONOSTKA . A
OGOL.
L. E. McDonald
HORSESHOEING
Pi Carosella
Wholesale Liquor, Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
'. >>' ■'   Gents1.1 Furnishings
ABAKER- AVENUE,
.BRANCH   AT   HOSMER,   B.C."
GENERAL
-     {v    '    "
BLACKSMITHING
and    '  *
A  CARRIAGE   BUILDING.
».-        - ■     .   . - .
,' Express ■ and Delivery Wagon*, a.
'.-,,  ■*- Speciality   < '
**irt-k*irki<icMrkicki;icif:1ckickickick
- r   *
NGER
EWING
machine: co
W M.   " BARTON
Afsrent    Fertile   Branch
, Pellatt    Ave.    North
•*1MM^*¥*¥*¥¥^¥*^**¥¥*****
> ♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦..♦.
♦
X
1
..  FRESH. MILK ,
-     f     ' 11        > i
delivered    to   all
.< ■■•'  ° '.
parts,of the town
'*, I.   .     I .  _ t
Sanders & Verhaear Brothers.
.  , ,''*■.     *
„    Proprletora
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The Cash
Grocery
Hosmer B.C.
Pay Day Specials
Saturday, June 15
Oranges, rog. 40, now 25c. dor.,
Oranges, rog. ,00, now 30c, doz,
Oranges, rog. .00, now 45c, doz,
Oranges, rog. ,75, nowBOc. doz.
Lon.oi.Ei, "rog. .50, now 35c, doz,
Onions, Australian, 5c, per lb,
Onions, Dormuda, 4 (or 25o,
. Now Cnbbngo, rog. ,10 nbtv 6c. lb
Strawborrlos, por box, W/iO,
Rlack Ohorrios, jior box, 17/ao.
E. F.  RAHAL
W.J; Gole
BEL life VUE
Hair Dressing
Pool
V-
' .Billiards'., .a a
Cigars
Tobaccos
Bowling Alley1.
Drop In
.- Na polu dzisie. szej -. wielkiej . -walki
spoleeznej staneli napr_feciwkQ"'siebie
kapitalisci i robotnicy?. - Mowimy^ tu
liniyslnie w.liczbie mnogiej,.gdyz'dzis
nie moze juz bye mowy o poje.dynczyra
robotniku i pojedynczym przedsie ,bi-
orcy. . CecUa bowiem. ws'zystkich
zjawisk eltonomiczriycli rw - oslatiiich
czasach jest to, ze.'p'ojed'yncz'e indy-
widuuni coraz" bardziej .traci;na| znac^
zeniu, a w miejsce jego',*jvystepujo"6g-
ol, klasa. „__     „    ^A"."1 *«;   ''
*." To dokonywujace sie. w - naszych
oczach zrzeszenie jest-ogolnem' zjaw-
iskiem wysolco posuniotego w~ swym
rozwoju kapitalismu, tak jak-lndywid-
ualizm nodkreslanie interesu' pednost-
ki i ocenianie vrszelkicli - zjawisk we-
dle korzysci, ktore przyniesc.-mogly
jednostce bylo cccha pierwszoj epoki
iiberalizmu, ktory pokanawszy feudal-
izm,- zniszczyl dawne, kr'epujace wol-
nosc jednostiki pod -wzgledem upraw-
nien prz'emyslowych,' przepisy . cecho-
we. Jodnostka ustepuje miejsca ogo-
lowi, a pojedyniczy czlowiek stara sie
zapewnic sobie korzysci. w' ten spbsob,
ze dopomaga do osiagnieoia mozliwte
wlelldcli ,zdo byczy temu ogolowi, do
ktpregd nalezy. l.obotnicze zwiazki
zawo dowe i ziazkf przedsiebiorcow,
stowarzyszenia konsumcyjne, .wielkie
zakuinia, kartele i trusty okazuja nam
w .najroznorodniejszych formacli to
zrzeszenie, reprezentujace ekonomic-
zne intere'sy, poszczegolnycir"grup.\To'
sa'dzisiaj c'odzienne zjawiska obserwo-
wane w obu obozach walki kla-sowej,
jakkolwiek nie zawsze dice sie w nicli
widziec u wroga naturalny wyhik rozwoju obocnych stosunkow spolecz-
nych. ' ,*'.«'' '\
.. Przedsiebiorcy bardzo czesto .stara-
ja sie udowdnic robotnikom, ze dla
-i-ch.zupelt-ie niepotrzebna jest rzecza
organiszowanie sie zawodowezevoszc-
zedzaja sobie szasu, trbsk i pieniedzy,
gdy kazdy opojedynczo bez ogladania
sie na drugich bedzie' dazyl do tego,
by jemu ,bylb niozliwie najlepiej.
Wprawdzie przedsiebiorca, .ktory ■$
ojeowskira, tonie udziela swycb zba-
wiennych i*ad-.robotiiikon_, ze nie war-
to i szkoda zachodustarac sie*o organ-
izasye,—sam'silny na tyle,,ze moglby
doskonale bez poniocy innych zalat-
wiac swe *sprawy, nelezy do zwiazku
pracodawc'ow, do kartell! i„.wogole
korzysta ze wszystkiego, co dacmoze
wspolne dzialaniej-^-ale robotnik roz-
porzadzajacy jedynie swoja wlasna sl-
la robocza, powinieh wedlug niego
stanac sam'i zrzecsle korzysci,.jakie
oslaguac moze przez solidarne poste-
powanie ze swymi wsyoltowarzyszami
8ULISCRIDE TO THE  LEDGER
COLEMAN
Liquor Go.
" Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
Dawno juz kazdy ^przedsiebiorca-, uwaza za za'sade, by kazdeimi robotnikpwi,
naw^t najlepszemu i.najzdolniejsz-enm'
pozwolic spoiibjiiie. odejsc, gdy>'ten
tego zeehce i nigby go niezatrzyniy-,
wac. Dlatego tez bardzo czesto ,rbb:
otnicy widza sie rozcza rowaiii, -J ze
przedsiebiorca lub.przelozeni nie cbga
nale'zyeie ocenci icb„specyalnej ..warto-
sci i z obojetnpscia- odnosza sie do icb'
czynnosci. A przeciez pocbodzi .to-
tylko stal, ze robotnicy ci dla przedsiebiorcy pojedyiiczo nie nie przedstawia-
ja, on ich nie zna i znac nie moze?
7 Juz wiec'saiua.-fabryka, sam.jej us-
troj i sposob produk'cyi stworzyiy z*robotnlkow pewna. calosc, posiadajaca
pewna wspolna" wavtosc a zatem i ws-
polny interes. -Dla obrony.'wiec,tego
wspolnego interesu potrzeunem jest
wspolne dzialauie wsystich, potrzebna
jest solidarna i silna organizacya. *
To co' mowilismy o robotnikach, w
bardzo znacznej mlerze da sie zastoso-
wac i do przedsiebiorcow. I ci i ich
przedsiebiorstwa'. zatracaja * , z'wolna
swoj indywidualny character na rzc-
cz ^trustow, kartell, • zwiazkow praco-
dawcow itd., tak,<.ze obecnie w calem
zyciu gospodarczerh" staja naprzeciw-
ko siebie coi'az bardziej nie poszcze-
golni ludzie, lecz z'warte szeregi'grup
o rtych samych inleresach spolecznych
i   gospodarczych
one .day a genius discovered -that the
mud in this bank made good chimney pots; and he~ found ouAwbo owned the mud bank; and he got permission to make chimney pots from that
mud, and they, gave him" a certain
number,■ of_ .chimney pots or,their
equivalent for the privilege of using
the mud in that bank; and Mr Rus'kin
says that he' never looks out" upon
the roofs of the houses in London
-when the wind is high and sees the
chimney 'pots being blown off but
what-'h.. thinks there is so much more
revenue"coming to.liim for the use of
his mud; and he asfis how this disposition" can 'be -justified, what^ right he
ha_i to take.from the genius who discovered this method of making chimney pots and "the laborer who is performing his part of the work when
he ls giving nothing in return. This
is rthe.'essence of land ownership. It
is'thedisti'nction between land ownership and !and use.
AN   ANTI-SUFFRAGE   DICTIONARY
l_a do czlowiekajwrobotnika do przedsiebiorcy zamienil sie w slosimek.nieo-
sobowy grup i klas spolecznych.    ' ,
Ballot—A strange, savage weapon,
needing the physical strength o£ a
man's arm to wield it, and,-utterly iin-,
manageable by the most intellectual
woman, though easily amenable to any
Stosuriek czlowie I weak, wicked or feeble-minded man..
French
MALHEUR  AUX  PAUVRES
' Ce n'est pas sans 'une apparence de
raison que la plebe1 cosmopolite, qui
est designee comme la troisieme classe
de' passagers surges luxue'ux.,trans-
atlantiques, se revolte parfois contre
16'mepris dont l'enveloppent les com-
pagnies de navigation..., Autant on
s'ingenie a ajouter au confort des voy-
ageurs riches, autant on se preoccupe
peu du bien-etre des passagers d'en-
trepont, qui' son_. invariablenient en-
tasses dans des compartiments etro.ts
et obscurs, et'traites selon le terme
de comparaison r'oconnu par l'usages.,
comine un yil betail. , '   .
" C'est -pourqubi l'ppinio-i publiqus,
mise a ucourant des details de la catastrophe'du, Titanic, a pu vaguement
admirer que'l'on ait sauve environ 26
pour cent, des passagers de troisieme,
quand sedlemerit 40 pour cent de's
passagers de' seconde et 6ti 'pour, cent
des passagers-de premiere ont echap-
pe au'naufrage. „--,_'    -   =
Un  rapprochement ^'impose,' a  la
verite, quand on-compare.la condition
,,\J, NAME SEC, and P. 0, ADDRESS
29 BauUliond ,'.,',.,... P. Whoatloy, D^nl-hcatl, AUa,
-181 Henvor Crook...',., P, Oniigliton, Hiiavor Creole, via Plnclior
431 llollovuo ,.,.,. J. Hurho,I)oIIovuo, Frank, Altn.
#iOu -.iiiiuutjiu ........,   i». tj, intuitu, i.inv, .iiu*.
Ji? UurjjjJu ....,."., ,1,'M^'flijlJ, rai'aVurj;, AJin.
8227 Cnrbonilnlc J, I^nsborry. Cnrbonilnlc, Colcmnn, Alln.
1387 Cnnmoro N. D. ThnA-.uk, Cnnmoro, AHn.
5033 Colnman  \V. flrnhnm, Colomnn, Altn.
CH77 Corbln ., ,,,  O. M. T_nfforty,'Corbln, U. C.
<■*!>/■• fiii,.-.v^**«-*' y»   r*  ti..    r^ t - . - .     <»   m.   ■      ..»._-
8178 Wnmond City Albert Zak, Diamond City, Lethbrldeo,
n\ I Foralcl Tbos, Uphill, Fernie, K. O.
12GB Frank..,  Jas. Kennedy, Frank, Altn.
r_!.7.,iroRmer .,,. \V. nnldorstono, llosmer, 11. C.
10.18 Hillcrest........... J. O. JoncH, HUlcrost, Alta.
574 i-othbrldiro., L. Mooro,   604, Sixteenth St., North '.otlibrldEO,
U80 I-otlibrldeo Collieries Frank DarlriRbnm, sec, via., Klpp, Alta.
12M I-llle • W. T.. Kenns/WHe, Frank, Alta
1829 Maple Leaf   J. MftRdall, Passb-urg, AHa.
233.   Michel " M. Ilnrrell, Mtcliel, D. O.
H Monarcb Mino..... S, Moorcroft, Monarch Mine, Tat»er, Alia.
1352 PftMburg , J. Magdall, Panburg, AHa.
tm   KOyal View ....... Thos. I). Fl sLer. Koyal Collltrie*. Lethbridge. AH
1050 Taber  A. PattorM n. Tabor. All*.
102  Tabor J«». Wll son, Taber, Alta,
*A i pod innym wzgledem ciekawem
jest zobaczyc, jak„w' calym sposoble
myslenia ,i kaljkulowania przedsiebiorcow "pojedynczy robotnik zupelnie tra-
.ci .swe, znaczenie.,, ..Niedawno temu
wiedenski profesor It. Shuller, w'bard-
zo interesujacej rozprawce a popycie
na - sily robocze, poruszyl sprawe, w
Jaki sposob.. wielkl prze'dsiebiorca pod
wzgledem ekoriomlcznym, odnosi sie
do'sw^ch robotnlkow.' Pojedynczy
robontk dla niego "zupelnie nie' 1st-
nloje. ,
Przedsiebiorca, jego urzednlcy I calc
bluro kalkulacyjne, cliocby nlo wied-
ziec jak dokladnlo roblll swo obllczen-
la az do najdrobnlqjszych ukladow
ustalall, He kosztujo wyprodukowanie
kazdego kola, kazdej osi, kazdego me-
tra Biilcna i kazdoj pary butow,,ktora
ma opuscic fabryko, to przoclez bedac
nawot najwlekszyml fanatykami slaty,
stykl fabrycznoj, nlo boda mice myall
ni .ochoty do obllczenln, co produkujo
dla fnbrykl pojedynczy robotnik, Na
pozor zdajo ale to Bmlosznom,-—przod-
flioblorcn nio wdizl robolnlka, wlclzl
tylko ogol robotnlkow, ktory jako calo-
80 uwzglednln w swych kalkulacyach.
Przy dzlslojszoj motodzlo produltcyi
1 ■ ogromnym podzlalo pracy, prnoa i
wydajnoiio poazczogolncgo robolnlka
nlv niozo bye obllczonn i nio mlnloby
najmnlojflzogo colu probowao lo ro-
blc. Przodaloblorcy bowlonv zalozy Jo-
dynlo na ogolnoj pracy robotnlkow, na
ofcolnej wydnjnoscl wszysthlch tyoh
zroznlczkowanych rodzlajow pracy,
To, zo.dzla Btosunok pomlcdzy przod-
Hloblorcami n robotnikunii stnl bIo zu-
pclnlo nlo osobnym, nlo nalezy Hum-
aczyu Jukaa ayccynlnn zloscla luV be/,-
wzRlodnoBcIa przedsiebiorcow, powsta.
fa w outatnloh f-znsncli. Stosunok
ton wyniHta r, .tstnlojnoych wnrunlcow
nkonomlcKnych 8am przez slo. Ho-
botnlcy Htnjn bIo dla przodBleblorcy,
nawot dla taklogo, lttory jost nrzoel.
wnlklom organlzaryl robotnlkow, tyltlo
plonkninl ogoln, ich procri' mn wartosc
dla hIoro tylko w polnczonlu z prncn
Iniiyoli, Jnko pewna caloac. Dzlslojaza
fahrykn Jest nlezwyklo Hkomwllkow-
nnyni natrojoni, w ktoryin solid robotnlkow, poilobnlo Jnk mnszyny,- zlan-
aono »a w powna ])lnnown, zwarta <-al-
obo I ?. Uonlocznoscl nniBza WBpoInlo
prncowMo I wxnjomnlo do airblo file
przj'HtoHowync.
nobotnlc;)r nlo, wlodzne o ten), wy-
VflinHnc   n-ii'nln   v'.ni.nfl   ,.„\,nlr.    _■ .<J_<*..I.,
lywnjn    nn    prnrn Innyr-b.      I'mwln
leFTescape"s:"_le""berairininial'_r"deTla
troisieme's'est. trouve dans ,1a distribution des' moyens de salut, exactc-
meiit au meme degre que l'equipage.
"On a .sauve 200 passagers d'entre-
pont Buriian t6tal:'de 750. ?   .,
On a,-sauve 210 hommes sur un ef-
fectlf' d'environ 800 qui composaient
l'equipage? ' ••
-, Or,, le role des matelots etait claire-
ment de sauver les passagers, fussent-
lis do la derniere classe, et lo role des
"Immigrants" etait'd'etre'sauve. *
Do sorte que los plus bas places
daiiB l'ecliellc sociale peuvent justc-
ment protendre qu'ils n'ont pnB recu
leur juste part. 13t la responHabillte
do cotte injustice ne peut strlctoment
etre rejetee sur porsonne. Ello ro-.
suite do cetto loi ineluctable qui est
le prlnclpe de la suprematle du rlcho
sur la lo panvro, du plus fort aur lo
plus faiblo,   , ' '.-
Avec uno suporbo. Inconscionce, la
compngnlo Whlto Star a du roato applique l'igourousemont la momo loi aux
roBcapos, Tout d'abord, ,ello a obtonu
ot corrigo d'heuro en hcurc, a listo
dos passngorB do promloro et de bo-
condo qui avaient echappo a l'etrointo
do la mort,
La litstc des paKsagora *do trolsomo
rocuollllB par Io Carpathia n'oBt vonno
nu'nproB trolB ou quntro Jourfl, ct par
-surcrolt Incomploto.
Won pliiR, a l'nrrlvoo du navlro nan-
vetotir, Icb paronts dos premiers otal-
ont ndmlB JiiHqii'a la pa'sBorollo, tniulls
quo los parents ou amis dea rescapefi
do trolalemo bo hourtalent a un cordon do, pollco qui lour rofusnlt 1'accoH
du dobarcadero,
Pour comhlo, la compagnle Whlto
Star" a dlstrlbuo cob panvros Imml-
grants daim illvora hopltnux «t un certain nombro do rofugcH, oubllant do
prendre memo lours - noma,
Do sorto quo coux qui ntlondalent
dea mirvlvnnlR dos prcmloroi., HhIoh
4.titl<<nl diuiH la joint tnndlH quo commo (Ioh nmoH on polno, leg pnronta
liavofl ot ninl vetiiH dos lmmlgrantH i«r-
ralenl tnoore le lendcmnlii a New
York, Ignorant daiiB phiHleurH cob bI
Ioh olroH qui leur etalcmt oliora nvnl-
ont eclinppo n 1'epniivantnblo dcsnHtro.
DcH'oiiH-noun mproclior a ccb tmil-
liouroux Ich Iniprocolions eclmppcos
d(< Inui's IovVoh it radrosso dft In rompii-
gulo Whllo Star,
SI 'horrible iiaufrnRO du Titanic In-
Colorado—A horrible den 'of ini-
quity;-where no one ever gets married,
where all, the babies are' neglected,
aiid where only ward heelers and their
feminine tools exercise the franchise.
Chief means of. arousing scorn at an
anti-suffrage meeting,, though unfortunately likely, to „ arouse indignant
letters of denial from Governor Shaf-
roth -and Judge Lindsey.
Democracy—A figment of. the imagination? based on tho foolish idea
that ■ the people who are , governed
should.say who'does the governing,
and,, so far as it should be allowed at
all'-'by a haughty aristocracy, to apply .to the male sex. only. <* ,    '
Home—An altar,,to the masculine
divinity ;<jan institution .which has not
changed since the Middle Aages, and
which "should occupy all of every woman's, time, interest and attention,
whether her tastes be domestic or not
lecturing—A very proper method
of confuting radical arguments, and
chiefly .beneficial when the lecturer
can dress' becomingly, and appeal t.o
the men'in her audience. When done
without, so much gadding about the
country) and - in a straightforward,
man-to-man way, -but by suffragists
it becomes bold'-arid unwomanly.
J Man.—A dispensation of Providence,
to fill, the' mind's, hearts and intellectual needs of women; -also, inversely, a divinely constituted being who
alone"" among mortals possesses thai
'"ima"i\aoie-rpart_of'i:he~biaiu7"tneTvop'
The 0[uain Electric Co., Ltd.
Electrical  Engineers
Electrical Supplies & Fixtures *
'.Motors'
: Generators
& Vacum, ■
Systems
Electric
U i
Wiring,
Telephone and
Power'Line
construction    *'
Head Office
Cranbrook, B.C.
Branches
Fernie & Medicine Hat
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO „
•6,000,000      .Capital   Paid  Up   .....   5,996,900
5,996,900 ,     Total Assets ,.'      72,000,000
"   D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, VIce-Pret.
*     BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops.Mlchel, Moyie, Nelson,
n   Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
A SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH -'       A' GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
ing organ.      ,.    __    '
Pooling Booth—A dreadful place,
even if on other-,occasion's the corner
bakery or grocery store, where a wo
man would surely be unsexed by
marking, in tlie company' of her malcf
neighbors, friends" and^ relatives, a
harmless piece of printed paper.
Social Service—A pleasant way for
a lady to occupy hor spare hours patronizing tho poor, such problems .is
child prevention of disease having,--jf
courso, no connection with the casting
of a voto',  , '
Sphere—A narrow, contracted spn.:e
with a bigoted and lncdlaovai looh,
for a woman; for her brother, ,tho
world! ^ *
Suffragist—A virago, or at tho best
ii misguided woman, who "llaros to bo
llovo thai men and womon wore created equal, and that half the world ciiv
not legislate for tho other hnlf.
Womnn—-A lesser, wenltor man,
brought into tho mil .erso for tho' solo
labor, the whlto slave traffic and tho
purposo of perpetuating the race and
worshipping its masculine mombor. n
cronturo too good to be corrupted by
politics, and at tho, samo tlmo, too
foolish to bo trusted lo meddle with It,
—Judgo,
HIGH GRADE BICYCLES
John Minion
;   FERNIE BICYCLE STORE
Repairs Neatly. .Executed
Send Post-card for catalogues of foi-
lowing wheels:
CLEVELAND BRANTFORD,
,  , DOMINION,   PERFECT,,, B. S. A.
MASSEY SILVER RIBBON.
Cycles on Hire
Accessories',
The HOMBggb?
'&F
of CANADA
The
Purposes
of a, Bank
GOLD PRODUCTION IN
THE TRAN8VAAL
Tho nonrl mlnoa havo produced
ovor a billion dollars' worth of gold
ln( the jmBt twenty-six years ond uio
now yloldtng noarly $200,000,00.)
worth annually, Tlio grndo of oro
mlnod Is diminishing, whllo the. an-
muil tonnage enmhod Ib Incioaseil,
Tho nol. roault Ib au nrgumontaflon of
tlio nol profit. It cosIh . I.HO por ton
to produce tlio gold and lho nvemsro
vahio of tho oro mined Is about $0.80
por ton. Mining pmHtH avprcg",
therefore, about $2,i*0 por Ion. Tho
li>-'-.-Ci'Co of lucre..sing tonnage nnd
('Inrii.hlilng ore vii'iilh upon tlio Hand
afford lnlorcHling Htudiuu. Thorn Ih
no rlnuht regarding tho continuation
of lho Kolil-honrhiR honkolH at depth.
At a ....plli of 7.O0O f.>i't ilie roi<k
leinporaturo Ir nhnut ftTV. Kohroiiliolf
and with efficient vcntiUitlon, Um
worlilngB could ho kept ronl at tint
level Deep inlnlng ronHciiiiciilly will
he controlloil only hy the sold conN-nt
oi tho ore. Should the gold bonring
fnrmnMon   h*>   'vnrt'ofl   »'n   i   vf.i-tir.^1
A Chartered Bank exists to afford all persons
a convenient means'for depositing their money in
safoty, and for collecting their accounts and paying ■
their debts.   You may deposit your savings with
tho hank; pay your' bills by cheque through tho
bank, or send monoy anywhere out of town or
abroad; or you may cpllcct. what is owing you by   .
a draft issued through the bank.   It does not matter if the transaction amount's to only a singlo dollar." Tlio bank- will welcomo tlio business just tho   „
same.   That is what a bank is for. * , m
Head
Office
TORONTO
J. P, MACDONALD, Manager.
Branches and connections
throughout Cannda
Fernio Brfinoh,
(lillnolt   Inp   Yinnvntra   wM'iw   n   tWr-,-
!<*■« mni.MKii.lna do nrivlpntlnn nronnl. Idopth of 0,00ft foot, and OH-Iltnntlnc on
knzda pracy wywoluio 1 przyftotowujo! on" n ho. montwr molnn Inhumnliu'H i"" av«rago nnturnl rot urn of $'joft-
dal8?n.,rohlae w ten Hpo»oh Hplot, w ;nnvorn los linniigrnnta-Hiul en somnio ) ",MM'()" gold, it will ho pon.i_l.lo for tlio
pur  leur  iiomhro  toniiluucnt  largo-1 in<ln»»iry tu ho <-nrH.il on cMtiiiMivolv
Nervous Debility
OUR MEW METHOD TREATMENT will eurayon and m-iko a nun of
you. under Mm InlliiuMco tlio br.,tn Ux.'tinicnaollvo, tlm l-luxt piirliiml m thut fill
ftlinplot,lilotohennnil ulccri. heal up. llio ncrvo* liocoino wronif nn -Hi*I. f<> Hint
lirrvouniiowi.-lar.hfiilnota nnddoipoiiilfiiioy dlaapiwar: tlio eyes Iwiimj hrklit, tlin
fttcofiilUnilcl«.ir,on-ri.ymiurnitoUto Ixxly, ami th. mori-,1, (iliwleiil iyi<. iiirnml
fy„U>n.ii nm fnvli.orntf.il; nil ilmlM cenw-no moru vital v.-wto from IM<» nynwm.
Vfiti tvn\ yournplf nm»n an-l know tnnrrln^o (.naiio. bo ft fftiluw. Dun't lut, ((uucki
nnd fftklru rot* you of your hard caruixl d. imrx.
NT NO NAML3 USCD WITHOUT WRITTEN CONSO.T
THREATENED WITH PARALYSIS
Feter K fl\imm«n« relnlfii hi* crp'<rI<'n',oi
"Iwaitroill>lodvilli Nrrvnui l'oljllliy
forinnnyye.'ir«. Hay It _•> liullwrbiiun
■iwilox«--.,o» in. youth. I l**....jiw vfi-y
)1_ .i-ot.-a.i_V B:*d tMlu't car« v-li-ils'-pl
workfiiJ or not, 1 iina.:in^J cvcryUnly
..)_o Iwikcl nt mo fiuwa.-d my wcrtt,
'     ' l lilgU W«.kMCil ,
had piilnn la llio
inc-niy lxw;U iirIim, .
Ii..rl( tit my hMd. luuidi nud ft*t wrro
)iinU!liiiit(vo dre_itii»-ul tijt'kt,wc;.kCi)f-J
my lifuul, linn'-	
roM, iln*d In thoinoriJlntr, j»<or «! |)(tli->
'Infers wero ulinky. cycj lilumd, hmr
ivwf, rnciti'Ty \hjov, i-Xo. Jiiiiiil.ii<,«i» In
.liiMiW'fi'HHi't In mul tlio iloi:t.'.r tdld mo
hn frmiMl parntyilit. I took all kludit r,C
mcvlloiWH whI   tried rnnny,ilrnt-clnx*.
ih_^;
| s^/rp* f£$gy [ustoy,;,- Tuit" fi<i-i:lvi'd"Miiilo" l*ni»nt?
.;
.y.'_
li In
\Hmm-S'4*'Jk\%
ktorym prnca Jcdnostkl zuiwlnio olo
xntracn.   ,, Popodyncisy   rohotnllt   Juz
finm   WV  fltnrf-rvr  »_to  fnnyn    Ine?   r«*'|.
t-tijo Ji'ilynto Jako rnznstka ogolu. kto-|t«"l "J" vI.ih ju'iilties
ry cxynnojic Iwicro oroIu dalci wy [rOtioat.
konujo 1 Known ja tlia Iiiiu-ko onoln
|ir)'HOlowiijo.    \V nowoczo hih j faliry-
<-« ninmy tody Hkompllkowimn    olcr
cjynnoaci,   dla   wykonaonla  ktoryrh
)i>i)noi.tkii Jont wprowdzio Itonicr-znnii.
U'Ct w ktoryoh trncl bwoJ Intlywltlinil.
ny rhtt raktrr, tau-« of.ohowoR'*.
-Du Courrlor il<i
men I   n   louri» dlvtderidos—co Bf-rnlt \ f(>i" lho noxt (lilrty-f.vo ytfjirH,     It \t
mir*  nnnr. H.itilf-   f-nmnt»n»i!.tl'.!i    mmr I i>rolir.li!«\ hr»\v*"vr-r, tli!ii  nAntr* nf i'h-
inoHlnVrllnj; opvr.Kloiis imw* In-lnx '-.';*•
ih-il on h&th In tls<> i:.r-'t<*»n and
\Vi-"j|pni ,oih1b of tin- hnnkot nmy -.v.
hull lu oponlnK tip new ..ul.l-lK'urhi;.
(.'round thnt will prolonj.. tho lit'.* of
tho IndtiBtry.     lint there Is no dmil'i
.', ,u %'„>} ;St<ut|, AtrUiiil imlii » »iii inn-
HMn TIKklttlNT
_> TiirirwfVT snl tl
llinuipli
PflOPEnTY IN MUD
In ono of IiIh works John IliiRkin
Ilil.l-N   t'iKi    i,|l i    Ihiit.   llll    in   ])()Kt-.l'»s i-ii
of n  rprtnln  pioco of mtnl  on  tlm j thitio a period of nt \cut.\ tlilrty )«*:in.
Jtui'l'ltBinoH ii niiori  (ilManr© kit-lou- l/m- ■ n" « l^rioii ot nt it :ijii tinny
z logo wltUc. ze dla przcd*ltl.lor<y lull f don, which for a gr«m many kmipm
| If other word*, tlie loml roll <iro-
ttiorownlka wa-znyw moze hyi   tylVo],lf""1 Wli* looVnl upon rner.-ly a* n \ .',mt!f>n of t\u> Tr.itmt.aiil tniin- 'u-i^
calokszlaU dzlalsnla  wszystVId,, »y-1 mud hank: it wan of so lltlh* vahw 1 N<si  will ho excoi'ilcd l.y tht-Ir |,'.\»-
dninosc pracy ogolu robotnlkow.        ltlint "° cno ,0Q'1 particular pain* to' dm tlon dtiriuR tho next thittj Vf.ir«r
|    A Metlens mbyloby tailzie, w uwfiBl j fin* «u« l*o*»" It <ame Into ihe f;nuilv.; >'.  II.  Ilajth, in  i:ni.lcc*r!r.h'  Mu-vi-j
»»*• wtH^a xnmr-x«n)f) tylko tiw.yrzn«*. t h-»_t'»*.4«' lU-i*< -.im no tu.. (or *•,   but •*••»■ .
t -.     • *     ,t - , . i ■- •
■t-OHC tsiMMiNT   j;>Vn",'jy,'*t'l»''otiirti"l"ktvriwtt "nil fMtfi In
doctor*.  r.i!.ea'!ro**rilr.siihVi I c-jr.tm.no"-! tli?_,;»*.w Jirrit'*:*
Mntn\ my Uh, Ihn Improvement wt« llko mfl«l«—,i ©iiiM fuel tlie vliror jmlnit
iiu*.ii'Tuu, I*.u.i~i;it-d_u.faU'_iy-itJ|»;.yt.(^ii)r. lutt) i.-l tu___ h.^ji
nui continue to do no. * ''
CURBS GUARANTEED OR NO PAY
V»« tiikt *»,a«*,i» VJitLioTii't. '-1,'uL.fZ. Z\Z*.~f'ir\"«.» ir.***.I*., v. wr^'n /v.*»_3
UIUNARVLOMI'Ui:4T3.«UONl-Y ANO BLADDER UISIAiES and .III.Umiu
IWCvliirtaMan.
CONSULTATION FRIX DOOKS mtX. If until, to call vriu far • Qi_..tl»n
Dunk f «r I lant* Tr««lm«nt.
DrsiKENNEDY&KENNEDY
Cor. Michigan Ave. and CrUv.o.u St., Detroit, Mich.
j. [|>i»l,»W_-._i|| flfg f> g All lettem frwt Can.vl»r.rBf.t1«a*..Uftteil
i^aUgg, il<U 1 i(#b to our Cunaiimn Cr-rrc-pom.tnn. In-part'
Wr^^r mmmmmmmm tI|tI]t |n windKir, Ont. J( you ikiire to
■ee n* p».rfonally call nt our Sledial Institute in IMroit *« wc tee awl treat
•o paticnli in our Winder <;l"Jitcs -which arc for O-mipondcnce unci
laboratory fcr CatudLni lmjintM only. A>l.lreM all lettcra a* lollotrtl
ORS. KENNEDY & KENNEDY. W_n_hor. OaU
JWrlU ter aa prf»»u iMnm.
iwa^»»f»w««»j"^?wiiwij')i'»il.l.'l'ii i||i!'j,.j.|i.iiajiiwiu^ii.iiBiii._ii«m'.j!Mi..m'Miij'jjj_im
XM
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i
PAGE TEN
_aI_jfa«_____jniMffwaffl»»Jaaal^a^>'"'""''^^^  '.'
i- ',"'■.     -7 - .'*"-.    "      <- »■      '•       *",>..'    '     ■■•   , - .••'."'. " .
-   . .      -    --_.',.''"-.   -    , **.     ~     * i --.,- v,. . *>-i'*    ..-   ' - -r '-,.-?.   &
AT -T_E__E ,MSTRICT____Eb^^
Srffc*
A-Ia^A-
#.; •'"-* '.-'. -..-v-' \~~y '/-'.• .y.
■ ■>rv ..>. ."*.
.■"v't-.-j.- '->•-.
■ -*yjr.:'    :-i'
".     '
.-A,^;^
"V_-
-'_■_..
.Straw Hats
This will be of interest to you/ Three months
of .hot weather yet.' JUST THINK—you can .buy
any-Straw Hat in' our stock at 'HALF PRICE.'
This offer also includes our high-grade Panamas.
SEE OUR WINDOWS FOR STRAW HATS AT
HALF PRICE
„A. great slaughter of "prices in our Clothing will
mark Pay Day,' July.20th.. ?We'.inusrmake a,'big
clearing of bur. present, stock* to!'make room for
new Pall goods.  A-,1-   S-   .   ..    ."'.,   :'A,..
We lfave,'given better values this summer than
ever-beforeMn the history of our.store, but A   ;
' THE SPECIALS  FOR  SATURDAY ? WILL.
ECLIPSE  ALL  OTHERS   -
READ THIS
$20.00 and $25.00 Suits will be sold Saturdav
and Monday at $15.00/ These Suits are "-'of the
best makes,-20th Century, Coppley, No'yes and Randall, Perfection Brand/Fit Reform ..and Semi-
R*ady."    Workmanship,-.Fit and-Style absolutely
guaranteed. '
. -.. ^- ' ," *- "'
_ Note the new.,Greys arid Fawns made in the new
Athletic Models; also our three-buttoned Sack for
the, stylish 'dresser of quiet taste.- ; <• .    ',
This,is'your opportunity; buy early while, the
, choice is good.      ° -  ->■- ,;     ~ y    '
sy°" y X"-Xy ;<\ "~xf:~^'''-'\xX'iy.-7.■; -f
■ -* •'■ Men's Outing.'Suits* without?lining,'\two -.'pieces,.. ,
>"-"i_i''Greys"aric_ Browns;'regular,'values .'-up to.$20, 7
-. will'be on-sale Saturday arid?Monday?at $10.00,   _  A
>;aa
,-j -jj. -
.<
SEE   OUR   WINDOWS   FOR   STYLES   &   PATTERNS:
y
SPECIALS   FOR   SATURDAY   IN   OUR   GROCERY   DEPARTMENT
Lima Beans,, 3 lbs for 25
Tuxedo Baking Poiydcr, 16 oz. 15
" Shoe Polish/Black and Tan, 3 for ..'. "   .25
Fresh Churned Rosedale Butter, per lb 30
Cream ofoWheat, 2 pkgs for ....... 35
Quaker.Oats, small size; 3 for ...... ;. 7.    .25
' Quaker Oats; large, with china _, .25
Lowney's Cream Chocolates; per lb 30
,,  Lowney's Cocoa, y2 lb. tins '.';.. A... ' .20
Be'chert's Coffee Essence, 8 pkg. ..•...<-....    .25
Tomato Catsup, 2 lb. tins A..,. - .10
McLaren's, Cheese, small size   25
Ingersoll Ci'eam, Cheese, 2 for  y, .25
Lombard's Damson Plums, 2 1b. tins, 2 for..    .25'
Apples,'' 3: lb/ tins,' each  : (..... .*    .15
Lethbridge'Flour, - 98 's  :..?..?. v $3.25
Upton's Jam, 5 lb. pails . .1........-     .50
C arid B. Jam, '1 lb. glass, 2 for -...•...:."... / .50
Lemonade Powders, small' size, 2 for ....
English Health Salts, 2 for,.... A...!.:..
Colombo' Olive Oil, 1 gal tins A .
'Alymer'sPork and-Beons: 2 lb. tins: 3 for
White Swan Soap, 12 bars for" ••/•'.'•
' Lilac RoseToilet Soap, per doz. .--.....:...
Infant's :Delight, per cake   A ;	
White Swari Yeast, 6 for X .'.':..
Table Salt, 4 -Bags for ....... _"..': .o.-..'..
.. .25
. .25
.$2.10
.25/
.45
.50
.10
.25
.25,
' AEn6s'.Fruit Salts, per bottle;...'.:..... X..    .75
' Special' Blend Bulk Tea; 2 lb. for .' 75
.- ■ Good Blend;Buik'Tea,;3 lb.for . A.; A:.. /$L00
"■   Tomatoes,'„3 lb. tins,*2 fdfA..........'.. /.'.  ■ .35.
Corn, '2 jb. tins, 5 for ....... 11-'. .' / .:'    . 55
? Marafat Peas, 2 pkg. for 7..:.-?'. ?.-..."'. //". - -.25
Australian Onions, 6.1b. for .............-.    .25
New Potatoes, 100"lb. for .'..".-;.-........T.. .$2.50
New Potatoes, 18 lb.;for,- :'
.50
7:1
*
...."-'
Jack McAlpine returned from V&r%
_Prance, oh Sunday. y-
President Stubbs and Commissioner
McNeil mot in Prank yesterday. t
--Fernie-i_oafd~of Trade will have an
excursion to Bayncs Lalce on July 24.
,Mrs. Stevens, of Edmonton,,a former resident of Coal Creek, was visiting
hor daughter (Mrs. Snow) in town thin
' week   '
A marriage licence wus granted
Thomas Wnl.lem,' of Coal Creek, nnd
Mrs, -sabolJi. King, of Xova Scotia.
Tho marriage was solemenlzed by tho
Ilov. Grant, '
Mr und Mrs. Percy Holmes wish to
thnnk tholr mnny friends and acquaintances for thoir expressions of sympathy and. condolence In their sad bereavement.
•T. M.  McClosky, "tho man " from
Phoenix," who lost his sight In a hlusl.
;nt Plioemlx, some ton yonrs ngo, was
around Belling his literary work "Tho
Now  Conesli.,"
GERMAN TRADE UNIONISTS PETITION UNITED STATES PRESIDENT"- FOR FAIR TRIAL'* FOR
ETTOR AND GIOVANNITTI. •
Fear Jury will be Prejudiced or Bribed
to Convict
THE ISIS
A selected progranimo of six subjects will ho provided for tho IuIb patrons tonight (l'YIdny) and tomorrow,
mntlneo und ovonlng, Judging hy
tho titles ot tho varied subjects It !a
ono whleh promises a plons-iiit ovon-
tag's ontortulnm.Mit. uh well ns lining
instructivo, Tho orc!iontrit la ronilor-
Ing nomo excellent mid ciitchy soloc-
tions and airs, and tho ventilation of
tho building tends lo hoop tho audlonco cool during tho hot summer
evenings. Tho programme is: "Tlio
Empty Water Ken" (special), n thrilling drama nitd tragedy; "Gout-dp"
(comedy) "Toto, tho Doorkeeper"
(comedy), "Whllo Woddlng llcll?
King Out" (ninlwlrnrnn. "Thn Loan
flhnrk" (drnmn) "Hnvlronj of I'lntl-
gorslt, Corx'rn" iVolnmd--.iconic)
«jMAt>l-.y    KbCOKO
LONDON, July K.--rour Iiundrvil
ond ten twoplo w.».*<■* Vlllo.I hy rigi'nnd
motors on tlio streets of London during tho pant year.     At Mint thorn Is
W»W   k-u.   .;,i_.,,.,iWufc_-,i-.  .1,1   tii'l.  (IK  (IIH-
may, Blncc fully 10,000 peoplo nre recorded as having Ix'on knocked down.
It la OKtimatcd that ono iw,r«on !■
knocked down for every ..even motors.
Hut most striking nnd terrible li that
about nnMhlrd of thi. pfirnrmx illicit
In tho Mtreets nro chlldron under tho
Hiiro of tltt/wri, And In the year IDOD
It wan oiw-lM—k ycrltahlo slaueliter
of tho Innocent* HumtnlUrlin.to-
tititet *r« jx»Utlonlng tb« council nnd
p*rlf_.ment for moro »triog*nt meaia-
r** ef prot*rtioB.
The nri'est and imprisonment of our
fellow workers Ettor and Glovannittl,
and their detention without allowing
bail, is causing an ever-increasing
storm of protest to sweep over "the
world.
From nil' parts of 'the world the
workors are sending fn their.-rosolu-
tions of protest and also nro aiding
with funds Iho work of thf defense
The letter of protest sent to Prosldont Taft hy tho Berlin' trndo unionists in the interests of Ettor nnd Gio-
vannlttl, Is a strong nnd diplomatic
ono. In forceful language It present's
the caso, while, at tho snmo tlmo addressing tho President, with all tho do-
fc-renco and rospoct usually shown to
ono ln his official position. ThlB Ih
tho letter in full:
"To lho Prosldont of tho United States
or North Amorica, Mr, Tnfl:
"Mr. Prosldont: , Wo havo received
an appi.nl for aid from, our follow
workors In North America. Wo havo
hoard that ln consicuucnco o£ tho great
textile workers strlko in Lnwronco,
Muhh,, two of tho most disinterested
and noblest of our fellow workors nro
In dnngor of bolng tho vletlmH of n
foul, Judicial murder. Our fellow
workers nsBiiro ns. nnd hnvo jjlvon
proof of tholr nssurnnco, that ..(tor
nnd (llovnnuhtl aro innocent of the
crlmo with which thoy nro chrtrgod,
and; further, .hny.n_.Kort It Is lho Intention of tho mill ownom to compel
lho offlcors of JiiHllco to do thn bidding of tho corporation..; nnd, In
conclusion, thoy point to (ho probability that criminal tinscrupnlousncRs
nnd Reductive gold nre nt work lo bring nbout a repetition of lho frightful
drnmn which occurred In Chicago in
1NK7. ;;
"Mr. Presldent-Wc have no doKlro
to unduly erltlclHo ibn laws of vnur
country; whoever nctR ngnlnnt tho
lawn ot his country, must hear tho
. oiiBequvitMiK of his' notions, evon
'.hough he ho impelled hy tho bighorn
motives. Hut it Is posslblo for ovon
tho high-cut tribunal In tho land to err,
or li may ho InfluonccfJ by orldonro
which sprlngii from hnto, rovonfc'o, or
Ib ovon paid for In ready ensh. And
It if. this dnrk, difficult nnd elusive
element which, according to tho settled convictions of our fellow-worker* Is
at work to actul two innocent mt-n 'o
dfenth for their devotion to the caum
uf humau in'oKi'*.-,-..
"Mr. Pmldent—-The Pre« Union of
German Trade.*., -with It* _.r«nf..u.c
thronjrhont n«rm«nr, ttirni to you
with tho eonrt«oTm nnd wrirent re<juo«t,
to mm yoar -mention to tb« nwthod*
being employed'in preparation for the
trial which is to be decided on July
27.*       '
"Do not allow it-to"be said; Mr.
President, that duringyour term of of-
ice, the star-spangled banner of America" shall be again besmirched with
the blood of innocent meni as In the
year of 1887, Wo are convinced, Mr.
President, that the'innocence of our
fellow-workers will be proven, if you
will uso your powerful influence to see
that they have a fair arid impartial
trial. '
"In the namo of tho1 Free Unions of
German Trades in  a mass meeting
of'the Berlin workingmen nssombled;
.."For the Commltteo   of   lho Free
Unloij of Gorman Trades,
F1UTJ5 KATEI..
; For lho Berlin Trades Unions.
ERNEST PAUL.
Tho commltteo oNprosi.es tho hope
that this letter will ho extensively published In tho Amorlcnn nowspapors to
tho end thnt Ettor and Glovannittl
mny bo free onco moro.
How to invest his money tb Advantage is the
problem that is foremost in the Investors' mind
A STRIKING  PICTURE
Noxt weok the Fornlo public will
havo nu opportunity of viewing u pic-'
turo which 1ms'boon gronlly ndmlrod
hy nil thnio who hnvo noon It. The
painting Is entitled "Christ nnd thn
Shadow of Death." As n work of art
It Is both remarkable, magnificent,
and to mnny Impressive, Tho colors
aro oxcopHnnnlly striking nnd beautiful, Tho mysterious part of tho exhibition Im thuL whilst by artificial
light Christ , Is seen knoollng, on
lho lights bolng extinguished tho figure Is only soon In Bllhoutto, nnd In
lho bni-1-ground, whoro before wns
nothing hut the (loop bluo sky, nppoars
the Imago of tho cross with Christ
oruolfled, Tho picture will bo ou
vlow in ono of tho upstairs offlco In
tho Llphardt. Block.
DEATH8
I-'ALIT.—On .July 13, Marian, dnn-
ghtor of .TulliiH Fnllt, npod kI\- mntillm
nnd eight days, FunornI took plnco
on July 14 from the lloman Cnthollc
Church. Ilov. Father Michel con-
due Mug thc set vice,
DAUP1UNY.—On July U, flamuol
Dauphlny, »g«d G8. FunornI on 17th,
.row Thompson ant) Morrison's tiurf«_>]>
taking parlors. Ilov. Walton official
In?
.  BLAIRMORE BREWING AND MALTING 00. ■
uro now offering for n shorL timo a limited ntn/ibcr
of Shares nt tho par value of $5.00.
0 « .'
THE BREWERY is built'and,a portion of,the"
machinery is already installed, tho remaining portion is ordered and on tho" wny, nnd will bo erected
immediately it arrives. We expect to havo tho,
plant in operation in two months,,after which tho
shares will bo at loast double what thoy nre nt present.
BLAI'MMORR BREWERY is situated in tho con-'
tro of ut loast nino mining crimps, tho furthest away
being not moro thnn fivo miles.    Tho ostimntod
population of these, towns   is   nbout   TWELVE
THOUSAND, and tlio nearest brewery about thirty
miles? • This, as nnyono cnu s'co, gives Blairmoro
Brewery n decided advantago over any other,,brewery in tho country. • y' '
Now is your opportunity to in nit d money, Got
.in on tho ground floor, Compare our price of
sharos to thnt of other broworics in Alborta, Investigate how rapidly they,hnvo advanced from tho
ground floor, Don't delay, tliis invitation monns
money tb you/if you mnko use of your opportunity.
Not less than five shares, nnd not more thnn 200
sold to ono person.
Souil nil monies for shares lo tho Blnirmoro Browing and Malting Co,, Ltd., Blairmoro, Altn,
BIO  CONVENTION   IN  CALGARY
CAl/lARY, .Tnly i«i,-»Tho ooven-
toentb annual convontlon of tho Cum.-
dlfin Boelety of Uomi-stic, Hanltary and
Heating Engineer*, will open hero today. Sit hundred dfkfnite* from vnr-
foiia part* of Canada aro In attendance.    Tho woaalon* will consume *
WMk-
APPLIOATION FOR STOCK
Gontlomon,
I lioroby apply for	
Shares of tho Capital Stock of your Company,
at $5.00 por sharo, to bo issued in my namo,
Find herewith,$ covering
- samo.
Bignaturo •
Address	
Date	
Blairmore Brewing and
Malting Co.
BLAIRMORE
Alta.
.
J

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