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The District Ledger Sep 9, 1911

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'   ■. v'; ■^•n-'^oflibial Organ "of-District1 No. 18^U.lMi WhotA
Political Unity, is Victory^;
LEDGER, FERNIE, B.,C„ SB^miffiBB';9^1811';;
$1.00 A YEAR
1 •-.,%
! .;ir,~
* i;
^   ,
'! ^'
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I"" .\N
Tv .-\
A North End Sensation--
7i Many .Bis} Week:; °-
,. .,,; /"tfy-v "• -: ■ ~:< "7- -, "-*. v>„ -.7' '■   .*
7 7^7Fort several- weeks- past-local poultry
/'.-,'yfanclers';have ribeerr much -.-perturbed
;-y 1 .upon- visiting, -their hen.'coops 1'lh' the
k,'^_7?'morning'-in -search- of.yirult'yto;find"
7 "£Iv wlth-u penchant' /or;fowl"had. played
Vy,: havoc" betwen Rundown land' sunrise.
, 1*,-C-„ The'effortsj;-to-discover;the-culprit
^resulted An ' tie7' good -offices" of ^the
7,-'local police being;called in'to unravel
'- "-the mysterd,"'but'without1 avail, aiid
Vtherewere'suggestions that the' proVl-
.,; nclaf police should be^'requisitioned in
:-* 7order;to track'the guilty; and\ protect
-7- (the Indefatigable cackler. In' lier efforts
'; 5'to .prove her worth-la' aiding jtb''suppl-
f^fy. ant,' even though' In' but1 a^ small,- mea-'
. y'sure the, drains1 upon; theihousehold
- y exchequer caused- by. the ever upward
' ;, tendency of the cost [of ilVlng."; 7 .-y
•yy."Fortunately thls^extremity,.was\not
;'." found .necessary as. the'chicken thief
".."Vhas not only been unearthed, but also
".- '"earthed,", as "he Tras'>'caught In-flag-
,;:'* rant! dellcta,1 and?therefore^ .trial by
"rjury'tp;8lt on .the"case was regarded
■}as" a"!useless ..expense"and. thus;the
"^^usual -Cfprmalities'Tof''court' dispensed
'.'> "with!'"",'«' »;-,"•'.-"'.-'"''*.-" ^" -7;
i"77: For. further.particulars'^call upon
j. ,.Mr7-Thps. Uphill, Secretary^-of Glad-
7;-; %stone ?LocaV ".who ■■ can furnish • addl-
v7,"'tional pointers"; on the-Prospectors'
r.;"-^Friend,-*■ but.-- the'f chicken' breeders'
of-mflk) wlllVftencure-'anervous or
slckt headache", anh^many,' people find
|fiat"munching "a.. lemon; is ^ an. excel-,
lent^preventlve of train or.'sra aicS>
ness.yf-'"" - -*/ .y 'yi7,--r7;-;;,-—,, S£ \
*,r The''lavish'use oflenwii Juice heed
not necessitate the^ waste of, the peels.
Thinly: sliced and'boiled in the same,
Iway -as, are oranges lor' marmarlade,
the" result' is a delicious and refreshing preserve for, the-breakfast and tea
tables;" 5:.'" h.'CT".  "' 7 .a  ->',.'" ^ .v
J.I -~{;y
Trap Set for Miners Did
.   THE'SPORTS' REVIEW.       i.'
;,Severaltwell known mountain- climbers -wero\out looking';for goats,.but
as they had neglected'to supply themselves with mirrors, theyYeport game
^carce. -yyV/y-, '"".y'THy -,*7   $
,:"The' deer had-most of .the luck, and
are,still there.,, „,/ ^- '.     "> —,-. ;;-
'; Several duck-fhunters;arrived back
with'large '"bags.".,;' .aWe believe' they
took them out'with! them for'company.
; - Several rude and personal remarks
were passed about two young, hunters
who journeyed' west W- Saturday" night;
While; upon7 their return;, they -; were
subjected to some Impertinent queries.
We.do not.agree "with this behaviour.
But,what the —r- does' a man,want
-with *a« gun. hiking away .weather like
*we;„have'had?    Are" all the asylums
full/.'   .) .. :   -77 -(7:v77'7'^
■ .*,. Local, JBportsnieh" promised - themselves a good time..vAnd, well they gol
it—at home : '    \* - y   ''"    -,  *' *
^;One.'local, "sport*•;reports seeing,'a
large .chipmunk and two gophers!'-'-
7Figure the City Fathers' ough't,' to
"oil up" that snow' plow,"''-.-, ■»  ' -,
', .Most every-sportsman got something
last week—experience,." a- cold, or a
fall from the; wagon,    y '77
v If,you .want to,'havet&~good weekend -'go- torMdrrissey; s'-'Host- Lawson
wlllbe'able to put you up-ln fine style;
"Pa Jackson"" will dlscuss-'old country
crlcketyw'lthVyou,;- whiles Charley, will
dropin .and' keep, you^ company' when
things gef'duliy Say, you can have a
reaPgopd^tlme! "
^ Both bear and'deer are reported,, as
boing7pfeJ;ty^numefDus1^andi"we, W
lieve'.they'still are; "but what'a kiiack
they,, have$of ^concealing;ftthemselyes.
^j?^,'/'"■?;! -i7,. OneVf~Vn^o~cai^bWi^^ni^l7haa
■""•""Si.-" '' " ~'.*'"\ ''.V'-"--.^'.".';^' c"*'*";tf" an Vawful scare 'when., a';'^ desperate
;tir \There; are; few -.fruits Which, 'contain ...<-. .   . „
7 so many,.'d6me3tlc»-",virtues';' as 7the
Not j;Work^Warthy
: Damn--Hard, Put
\;t ---•
^^.-l-'.'r.-: 27^'FOOD AND .'MEDICINE
-7 a';
? lemon, ,and',yet;*;apart>fr6m^ltsi usen-as
" a'flayorlirig 'tiiedluin'asVppite'd' to;one
of'vthe;'xnany, branchv'ofrculinary arts',
| y. v -7'\jut scant appreciation by wonien^of
' ""        "this countfy,\says'-the,f London -Dally
•y y.-r.x y.-*i-,;.t.».i-*-
y The'extracted > Juice ,'has7 Invaluable
' soothing "qualities', for,, persons, suffer*
-ing from'.throat and chest .troubles.
"One-of the; homeliest but notToiLtbat
.' account!'to befdesplsed, remedies' for
a cold la to drink a glass-of lemonade
; as hot and strong as;lt can be swal-
1 lowed when In. hod-.at nighty A'pro-
vi'fuse,perspiration,follows,'and provided
'the remedy.'.is token In time It.is.a
-. -y, famous !cure. V     • ,, ;,    \ , ,.- : '
'\\\; \ Lemon Julco and-honey,ore bene-
' ■ "v ficlal for coughs.' i;Tho ordinary mo-
'    thbd Is to ihlr the" Juice" of tbe fresli
y> 7 fruit with,equal parts-of honey, but
•"»t ■. ;tho better-plan is ,to. bako a' large
; ,    lemon In'tho oven until it is thorough-
/-;  > ly soft, and then add 'auffloleht strain-
(.„>.;   ,ed honoy to tho pulp "to produoo "a
■1. i thick Byrup. ,,,,,-
jy.ThlB Bhould bo kept warm and a tea-
Spoonful taken every quarter   of „an
.hour will greatly relievo the patient.
Puro glycerine may bo subBtltutod for
•the honey.       V
An old stlllroom rocolpo for the alio-
vlatlon of an obstinate aoro throat Is
■ as follows: Strain two toaspooiiBful of
lomoirjuice Into a'wine glass, add tbo
unbroken yoko of a new laid egg, thou
moro Juice, th<mvMl<« to be >wa'i!owed
without beating tho mixture,
. Golfers and women who indulgo in
outdoor exercises are often   worrlod
1 with tlrod and swollen   foot,    Thoy
will'derive much rollof if thoy rub
their skin with equal parts of lemon
Julco and alcohol, well blondod.   -
'    Tho most obBtlnate.com   can   be'
cured, It Is said, hy tho application!
of a poultice mado of broad crumbs
and loraon julco. A thin slice of,tho
fruit takes tho place of tho poultice
during tho day* the process.to bo repeated as often as necessary,    Rub
chilblains with a slice of lemon dipped
In salt,
* A small bottle of fresh lemon Juice
should bo kept on every toilet table.
Tt is useful to allay Irritation caused
, by tlio stings and bltos ot flies and Insects.    A dash of it In, water-forms
6li tiik.«H«lU lUOUtlt VtMM,    wuitoiiiuK
tho tooth and prorating tbo formation
or tsKarVy-d'tweVtenlng th« breath.
7 Tho following Is a simple reclpo for
n shampooi—Exlrnct tho Julco  from
Vito UtuUtM ww wn Ui»* ttkin \uia pert*
for (bn minutes.    Strain the Julco on
to tWo ounce* of salts of tartar, add
two quarts of warm water and a few
.drops of any approved perfume. . Use
as an ordinary shampoo   wash   and
»»of« th« b#n<»flffal effect on tho hair
and akin.
'!      Women, wJm aw Inrlln^d }<*,*>* "too,
, too woildV or who suffer from rheumatism or torpid livers should take tho
Julco of half a lemon squeewd Into
balf a tumbler ot wattr (without sugar) every morning Instead of the cua
ternary «irly t*a.
;   Two or three slices of lemon in a
cap of hot tea (Without tbo addition
young, man strolled "Into the^ establlsh-
ment;-7..But-fthe'- staff- arose to;the occasion.aiid the desperado ."cashed in.'-'
'* So';far'we, have not(heard-otv any
tfafflc\ aelays-'iri ^the^PassV through
snow. i 5; ;_. ;. _ ;. .-- _ .ri t)v. • ';","
fl'.We'are" iinablotoquoto^a^ket for
venison,! but will' do-vso-Immediately
upon,"receipt of, telegraphic,'information.' .'"' : ""77 _".- 7, ■„'-' \;.t
Several brand new rifles for sale-
apply this-office. Present owner intends retiring from the- Blgy'Gaine
ciub and starting a ping pong tournament.; . '   yy ;   y i'-"-"/^   ■'-
\ According, toy the ^'.weather, lndlci-
tloiia at present wo.aro.In for a fine
week-end. The game should be in for
admothlng too.  7 ' ■"   1   \  7
, Macieod Constituency . ,-
,,Below,we give, the dates and placeB
at which Bd., Fulcher, the'Socialist
candidate, .for' the ^ Macieod" conatltu-
onoy in," the present' oloctoral campaign, will address gatherings. -
Blairmore, Septembor 8th; Lille,
2 o'clook In the afternoon, September
Oth, and In tho evening of tho, samo
day at Frank; Bollevuo, Sunday, Sop-
i tomboir 10th;, HIllcroBt, tho llthj
Passburg and Burmis, 12th; Lund-
breok, ,18th; Macieod, 14th and the
Plnohor Crook district l^th and 10th,
„• Opposition candidates or their repre-
eentatlvos aro cordially invited,to a
seat on the platform.	
.CANMORB, Alta, Aug.^l.—Dressed
In, pit clothes, with lunch palls slung
across their shoulders and picks \ In
their hands, their faces'smeared "with
coal dust, and carrying miners' lamps
the special constables employed'by the
Bankhead collieries at Bankhe'ad were
sent into the mines on Wednesday.'
Although the men.dld not do any work,
the ruse merely being to test the temper'o'f, the miners as\to their action
in-,' case.';-any' strikebreakers ;were
brought in, the' strikers' did not 'rise
to,the occasion. " Instead they seemed
tq;,.be-highly amused,at the-looks';of
the..BpecIar constables, and the feeling
now is that the men were tipped off
as, to the nature of the proceedings,
ands'that' they, enjoyed the joke' Immensely.^. The,' mounted , police are
still "patrolling the mine properties in
an aimless sort of manner. ,. The red
"caps have,had no duty to perform. .
' | At Canmore'the men have all been
served with eviction papers, but as yet
.they have not left,their houses: Many
of them'o-^h the", houses and rent the
ground* from ;the company, and they
have accordingly been ordered to move
their shacks at vonce.,.. The "whistles
are still, blown ."regularly here,, but no
miners respondp and It is thought likely , tharsbme, action -will sbe taken by
the'mlne management "to bring In out-
slde'labor-.within-a week. There.has
been" absolutely W trouble' in' this
district. The mounted police are here
and'.apparently- their ^presence Is not
resented by the miners who are on
friendly. terms -with them. The feel
ipg against the"speclal constables still
exists1 however, and the' latter, are kept
patrolling the mines all nighf-although
there has been nothing,doners yet to
warrant this protcetlon. •' ' , 7
-.-, (Ed.—It is to.be regretted that the,
Thomas Edison moving "ploture troupe
did not postpone their visit to Bank-
head until the date above given, then
they could have obtained films of an
exceedingly Interesting .character * of
"How to mine coal without a knowledge of digging," or "How 'to sink to
depths' of blackness without going
down a Bhaft.'^    ■■ (   ""■•
'the scenes would have brought great
amusement to the' nightly visitors to
this< latest form of entertainment, as
they caught a glimpse of the facial ex-
presBlons-of the«e extraordinary lamp
carriers'throilgh tlio "smearing.". The
real minors aro to bo congratulated on
the way-in which thoy showed their'enjoyment - at - this comic opera' stunt
which did not hove tho effect that was
probably expected by either the stage
manager or tho cast.)
,'.-..7,1 ^ y.yColeman,-Alta.
n^piia naszyh Glosujioncyh. Pollakuw
w Macieod Rajaln."     • ■  '   7°' V - -
-,' Bracia Pollacy obsywam^ledowas z
wielkow, uwagdw ze litury niajiaw-pra-
wo glosowac'ze by zna^ll ze wybore od-
tendon sle na'v21 Sep. tego mleslenca
ze bykazdy poszedl i,aby kazdypos;
■zedl 1 aby ka'zdy glosowalr na Swego
Kandydata w naszy Okolicy;- Tak samo
daje v "warn "wladomosc     cb -   -iny
mamyy swego '. Robotncheyo -vKan-
d'ydata,'Kturego • postawlla    Robot-
nlcha J* Kliasa.'  '' Teraz  - bracia ' Po-'
Hucyraacle nokogo glosowac.     Kazdy
Fobotnik z kazdej Naciji zna co lysz
Robtniczyj Kandydatjbendzle stojal za
Robbtnikaml'i'zaprawaml Robotnlkuw.
Bojak" znamy jak"uz odda'wna Kapital-
istychma Kliasa-jest to ona sls-'Col-
kom nle itereayje'sprawaml.Robotnlkuw tylle jlh inteiiesyje wyzyskiiwonle
robotnlkuw Nie wiercle onl Liberalbwl-
ani Konserwatoyi colwom objlacujiaw
be juz dose -dow'all to ato askorb jlh
wybroll to anl chuwac ianih. •-'.■„
.,,„To, bracia Pollacy powlnysmy glosowac na swegV'Fxibucbego' Kandydata
brata-EDMONDA FtfLCHERA.   ,.
v BDMOND   FDLCHER   jest.. Angllk
ktury'cienszkbpracowal dlla Robotnle-
hegb Lludu tak.eamq un jest Preziden-
tem-.od-Trejd, Lybor Koncll.     Toz-
bracia". Pollacy procujmy cleszko'aby
naszl brot, Fulcher.by 1 wybrony do Do-
miriloa Parliamentu bo lysz tokl.czlo-
wlek,bendzie zastompac sprawy, robotnlkuw- -w, Randazie onie Liberal abo
Konserwat' ktury   zastapojiow   boga-
chuw abiedny- Robonlk niek z deliaco
jemu do-tego dobre cogo siedosc na
mencz'yl- dokylzyl ateraz -nieh" hinie &
zbna.rdziecl nleh z glodu hlnow tak
somo.bracja.juz' dose my sle na.   Slu-
hali -LIberaluw;- ta Konserwatuw-~co
nam to dadzbv.r>atQ,zrobji6w.    Bracia
onl tedy. dojlow 1 tedy pokazujlow sie
jak?mojidw ib'u'c.wybory. -  AJak.'wy;
bierom, jlh ^ tedy*. i Kulia Rosyjsk'a'jih
nie znojdzlei vjAty. Robotniku hoc rub
anle^ to;- z^dehdj- jluz;dosc tokij; ofiayy
ofiarujjny,. swemu Robotnichemu'' Kan-,
dydatowi za kturego znomy zebendzie
It may strike terror to the hearts
of. their employers.but 1^ will vastly
Increase the strength of the menftliem-
|elves, and there are none who more
keenly understand this than the employers; Neither need the men nor
the public fear the control of the roads
by thoso' who operate them'. Only
by'such control can "Old-Man Public"
ever come Into his own.—N. Y: Call."
Quarreled, With Woman
then Took the Fatal
Dose of Poison
Correspondent Makes Cogent Remarks
. On Labor Matters
A man named. John'Vaudray,, about
35 years of 'age,- committed "suicide by
taking carbolic acid last Friday night
in the house of Bessie Smith, a keeper
of, one of the "houses in the restricted
district. - From papers found on. his
person by Coroner Bleasdale; it seems
that Vaudray came from eome placo 'n
Saskatchewan. \ He arrived here about
the 16th.of August. No inquest was
held as the" - bottle from which the
poison was taken, and the glass used
by Vaudray were found by his side,
and Dr.",-Anderson"'.' pronounced the
cause of death to be as stated. The
man' "had'been quarrelling with the
Smith" woman who, with the other
inmates of the place, had lefVlthe
house some*-time before, and found
the man dead when they returned., -
' ' The' funeral of Vaudrey look place
bn .Thursday from the undertaking parlors of .Thompson and Morrison.   '
Itoc_za'-R~oBot¥ikomi toz -bracle^glosuj^
my ,na,lSwego Rob. Kandydata ktury
bendzie-Stac zana my t oiioszyh
sprowbd." Toz' dajcle gbosy^ia nlego/
A tedy bendzlec^e,- znoe.coscie g boso-
woll-na Robotnlcliego Kandydata i co
wasz glos pqszedl.Utfinieswojeh bratuw
Robotnlkuw, kturyt tak dosye bledu-
Jiow.7,77^.     _ y   "'_.   y. ^ ,
Wasc'brat za llepszy zyclo"
\:.-'/ ,        _       P. BARON.
'' Vice-President Kruttschmitt, of 'the
I-Iarriman lines, in a statement made
recently, "pointed out" to railroad men
the-greatest weapon they have." ' »,, -
{e,He:-sald: "Railway1 officials are quasi
public^ officials and our duty to -the
public compels us to take a firm stand
in7these;matters" - We! concede that
unionism has.<ome to-stay and we are
ready' to.. me^JLunion-jnen_a_s_suchg_biit
'    ;.   ,    ' IN COAL PRODUCTION
i i
ThB Case Against Green
Thrown Out—Strike .
Remains, Same
FBKNIB, Sopt e,—The dead-lock In
(ho mining situation remains, as dead
as over, not a rumor of anything
new, coming Jo the surface. Tbe trial
of droou nt Blalrmoro yostorday did
not amount to much, tho case against
tnai guhiKiman, charged w«h ik«*-
Jury In connection with a caso against'
two miners last week, was thrown
out- of court, as was tho case against
tho two miners charged with Intimidating (Iroen from working In the
Tho political situation Is almost as
<lulot M In the strike conditions and
the city Is-being surfeited with quiet*
The weather, which has txen wet
for several days, Is showing signs of
clearing, Imfofr behind a alight to-
mln^r nt Un lnnf tr+nk fn rfc<? shnpv»
of a alight skirt of snow upon the
mountain tops.—tMhbrldge Herald,
' Stellnrton, Plctou County, N.S.
August 22, 10U, •
All the colllorlOB In Plctou county
nro working Btoady. Thoro Ib plenty of
work and'thoy'haven't enough men. I
Baw'many notlcos posted around tho
pita advertising for minors and.loaders, I will explain tho roason why tho
coal corporations(ln Plctou county,are
short of. minors,
\ -Tho colliorlos aro oporatod under tho
oponahop system and tho minora got
rich sooner than thoy oxpoot, bo a lot of
them nftor a fow woolen of work tako
tlio freight train and go on excursions
for tholr health, or tako n roat and enjoy tho fruits, of tholr labor,
I said "open shop." Yob" Iho pits
are open to all, hut closed vorv tight
as far as tho union mon aro concerned,
nnd I anYuuro thnt If St, Potor will Jo
his duty strlotly audi watch tho hoav*
en's gates against sinners, how some
of tho coal corporatloiiH1 servants aro
watching against union men, there will
not ho any chance at all to go to heaven as far as tho cool barons and the
capitalist olnss aro concerned. -
However, tho minors in Plctou county wish iKittor conditions,, but they
cannot get It because thoy havo only
"wish bonos'—ttiey bnvon't back bones
to usk for, so I don't blame the cool
barons when thoy see that tho miners
On not hang together; they hang thrai
separately,    So It Is all up to the
men to get together and organize ti
they want bettor conditions; thoy munf
do something for thomeoIveav—Cleorgo
Manlon, In the U.M.W, of A. Journal.
Any who suffer with the "divine
afflatus' aud have poems to "pome'
are urged to. rush them Into the sanctums of tbe party press as th«y will
pass- the censor during: an election
campaign If they ever will. (P.8.—
We are sol In the fight for either c«u-
dfifato so plcuaa "iu&a u* by Uke. ttie
Idle wind," as W.P.D. Is cenvenleatly
Railroads on, Pacific Coast Consume
",.v ;','     .   Oil for Fuel    'y
V" '   ^ * ii ■*•■
"- WASHINGTON, Aug 31—The fuel
requirements' of the Pacific Coast and
the methods of meeting "them are of
especial interest at the present time
because- of tho agitation in regards to
the developmct   or   nondevelbpmont
of the coal'resources of Alaska,   Tho
report' on the production of coal In
1910, by B W Parker, cool statistician
of tho United States Geological Survey,
Ib now in preparation      •    '*
.   The'present consumption of coal on
tho Pacific coast, Bays Parker, is not
large and the successful operation of
any coal mlnos In Alaska will depend
on .naming pilcoB'attractivo to tho
development of manufacturing industries     For railroad and manufacturing purposes the consumption of oil,
particularly An California, largely exceeds that of coal—in fact, for railroad uso oil is practically tho - only
fuel    The principal  domestic   fuels
aro wood nnd gas mado from oil.   Recently oil Itfcolf has assumed Importance as a domostlo fuel,
"About 15,000,000,, barrels of Call
fornla oil wero consumed by locomotives In 1000, as against a llttlo over
18,000,000 barrels for 1010. Tho total
consumption of fuel oil was probacy
botweon 35,00,000 and 40,000.000
barrels In 1000, and botwoon 40,000,000
and 50,000,000 barrels In 1010. Tho
probability Is that tho consumption of
fuol oil displaced about 10,000,000 tons
of coal on tho Pacific coast In 1009
and botweon 11,000,000 and 12,000,000
tons in 1010, Tho per capita consump
tlon of coal In California, Oregon and
Washington averages not much over
ono ton, while tho average onnsiimnMon
in the United States, as a whole Is
about 6ft tons lor each Inhabitant,
The principal source ot coal supply
for tho Pacific Coast is-tbe Slate of
Washington, the output ot both California and Ornton belnst af wnMit
small. In 1009 the total production
of coal in Washington was 3.e02,268
short tons. California. produced 46/
000 tons and Oregon 87,378 tons. In
1910 the production of coal on tho
Pacific coast was 3,903,012 abort tons
in WiMutnitton, 37.707 tons in Oregon,
snd 11,161 tons In California. The
tmiKki-U of btiuMluuu* coal amounted
to 7R2.046 tons, and of anthracite to
5,11« (ont. The efforts of coal from
Seattle were 2« MS Iflfll In 1902, and
52,771 tons In 101ft. - The total consumption of rat) oo tbe Pacific coast
fvutn vartoua aourcca la Uld wiut +/■
&?«,0S3 short tons and In 1210 441?/
ive^also realize' cur duty to the public,
The proposed federation of all railroad
craftsmen; If-consummated WOULD
PLACE THEM J.\'- ABSOLUTE 'CONTROL;' y ' ; " -■" ' "
v,'/,'sv8 good citizen, and railroad'm»n
Ki'aHachnitt'roi'Uzes thathe is a-pnblic
officials', when there is the possibility
of 'IIs- being forced to call upon Utc
government, or.the representatives t'.i
the1 public, to defend his private'"possessions. <" The railroads -; have • shel:
tered themselves behind this'plea of
being public utilities, and railroad officials, point to their quasi public "status
whenever ■ any demand1 are made by
the men who work on the roads, or tho
poor, blind public itself attempt*) to
get anything that would be of public
benefit.'' ,The good old railroading
Idea of "the public bo damned" has
given way to the more modern and
effective Idea of tho public bo utilized
as a buffer, tor by this means it can
bo damned moro effectively,!
But Kruttsclinltt goes for beyond
the ordinary railroad method In making his .statement. Tho men on tho
Harrlman roads having como to a realization of tho power combination
gives them, had started to federate all
teh departments, Tho-Horrlman lines
among the most powerful ln this country, aro themselves the result ot the
federation of lines that had boon weakened through competition and In some
lnetnncos brought almost to tho,verge
of dlBB8tor through their "Individual"
efforts at independence.
But tho presont heads ot thoso lines
Instantly realized that what had been
good for thorn through the combination of separate roads into a federated system would not have tho samo
beneficial effect if tho various crafts
employed on tho roads wore also federated Into a system,
Tho steadfast aim of the intelligent
and efficient capitalist la combination among capitalists nnd disunion
among the workors. Thoy nro, as
Kruttsclinltt frankly stated, nwnro that
unionism has como to stay. But they
nro bitterly opposed to having that unionism of a typo that will give the
workors the best rosults, As long as
they can keep tho mon apart, split
thorn up Into antagonistic ground nnd
scatter the seods of onemlty among
ihem, capitalism Is safo.
In making his statemont Kruttsch-
„i«f rMw»r,<t C';.t tbe rep',' t! :"i!. i
f<vWn*lnn of nil Hi* wnrUrn In iho rflll
road Industry oven on Iho ITnrrlmnn
linos. It would "place thorn In ulmo-
luto control."
That Is tho very thing for which
ttiA nrnn «nmi!i1 ffphf It 1« tli* tMn(»
toward which every bottlo of labor It
Inevitably tending, and until It is realized thoro must be Industrial warfare.
As Industrial warfare Is neediest,
wasteful and merciless It must be
abolished. But the' railroad magnates
would not abollfth Si. They foster H
and they foment ttrlfo among the
workers. Through the Insane methods used In production more than
hair of tbe working energy of the human race Is disgracefully wasted. So
a good beginning In the elimination
of waste would be made If the workers
on tU Haiviman Uae* decidedi lo «lo
sway with tbe waste Incident to having many disconnected small unions,
FERNIE, August 31.—According to
n statement In the Nelson Dally News
ofyyesterday*^ Hon. Richard McBride
Is billed to speak in Cranbrook and
at- Nelson, but' no date is mentioned
when the provincial premier is to visit
Fernie to inform" the . miners ,of the
district how reciprocity is going to injure-them and destroy their.loyalty
to the .Empire]
In the same issue of the News is an
article of news relating to some prosecutions under the' alien labor law,
which charges a grave breach of lav;
by'W,,D.-Scott,, superintendent of immigration at Ottawa. ■' It is. charged
that the immigration official.'. named
has issued a letter of "instructions to
agents suspending the operation '" of
that act for several months, the letter
being "quoted.
What •will prove of great interest to
the  miners ' here i is   the connection
Hon. W.:R. Ross appears to,have with
thia matter.   He is said to have been
acting Attorney-General for the province, and was summoned as a witness
in "the case-brought against parties
who had/brought,in alien laborers under the instructions from Ottawa.   .
• If ho -was "acting, in J that capacity
during': the' absence" of ."the Attorney-
General, Mr. Bowser, in England, then
It would appear that he had charge of
that office when the.-extra constables
jrere ordered to .Coal-.'Creek, an'act
which the miners resent." It is  also
stated that Hon.- W.-R.-.Ross, K. 'C„
donald and Lane, a firm of lawyers
wMichhas as aclienLthe-Crow's Nest
Pass Coal Co       v. • y,
-Political capital may-be'made out
of 'this   move• at.Victoria, but it is
doubtful as tb just where the capital!
,wiil ,be usoful.\ \ ->.-- >.-.    '*<;•<.-» , .'
'; The" plot thickens -' about,, the  conservation of-natural resources of this
province," as the! premier goes < about
advocating .the husbandlng'of   Ihese
resources of wealth- and' opposing reciprocity upon that ground,'-      .   »-
■The, Corbin mines are the only one's
In the district this side of,'the provincial boundary, which . nro .being
worked, but the entire produce Is go>
Ing over the international line, lenv-
lng the people of Fernie to buy their
coal from outside mines ot $6,50 a
ton' na against $4.00 when tho- Coal
Creek mines were operated.,
This shipping of coal across the
line, leaving the people in this province to buy coal from Pennsylvania or
Alberta should atlr tho loyal heart
of tho Promier, who is so opposed to
tho annexation of our, roaources by
tho,Americans, to prompt and vigorous action. Ho might put an export
duty on coal from tho province as
has been done regarding logs. This
would comnol tho Corbln company to
noli Its coal In tho land ot Its production, but tho minors nro willing tto
gomblo that ho won't. — Lothbrldgo
(Ed,—Candldato J. II. -King will bo
In Pernio tho 11th, and Premier Mc
Brtdo on the 12th.
James Smith of West
Fernie is; Claimed,hy.
.the Elk River
On Thursday afternoon a sad drovvn-
ing'' aeldent happened at Olson, tne
v'ctim being Mr. James Smith, of West
?emie.., '       ■•■,'',
From- information ^received  It apf
pears that the unfortni ate man, In com -
pany with one,of his children^ arid'a c
friend, Mr. Bert Parsons, went on a .■
fishing excursion and, in some way,
not yet known, tell into the Elk River .
at a point where thero.was'a loo.-jam,
at^d -althov-jh  Mr.  Parsons  tried  to ,
sr "ze him is he' came to the surtax, -
ho was not smcccs«(u1.' J     "       '.'7
^Ihe deceased is'a native^ of Oias-
row,'about 45 years of age, and lir.'d
been in the country for,, a little ove.* :
two years. ;   He was working at his
usual  ocupatlon of miner at  No.  5'
mine, Coal- Creek', until 'the first of
April. - v About a year ago he was joined by his wife "and family/ the- latter
consisting of six children, the eldest'
being the only one married and living.'
at;Macieod, has been notified of the
sad event., *
The body was recovered about two
hours after Immersion.
The inquest ls being .held at Hosmer
today.        . '^
As, he was a member of Gladstone •
Local 2314 it is expected that the fun-'
eral will be held' under Its auspices.'
' The stricken family have the sym--
pathy f of the entire • community |n
the hour of affliction. " ." -7.y. 'I
-Funeral wll take place at 3 o'clock'
Sunday .afternoon from the." Baptist ■
Church. .' \
s<t;.' ,- -
' -7.,, .    - HUMMING   BIRD."
it      ■
* 7>
■ it ^ V-
A Young Russian Meets
Death at Local Mill
Yard on Friday
An  nerMMlt  iv^Hrr*^ nt  n»if> ftf Mia
lumber rnmps of Ui« Fornix T.tt n -«*i
A fair-sized-audience-greeted 'Tho ,
'Mummy and the Humming Bird" at the .,'
Grand Theatre on .Thursday night, with
Paul.GIlmoro'as Lord'Lumloy, central
figure of the cast,   \ ' %       - ■   • •
'  The plot, if such it can-be called,,is
not by. any, means profound, rathor
one might say it is commonplace, banal,
because of Its frequent occurrences IhT
this "civilized" age'of ours.,   Briefly
told the story,is,.Hcicntlflc,husband-' ,
laboratory florid—young wife' neglected
,7-componionshIp,lacking seeks distraction—poetic rascal, sinister designs—"'-'?
early pago ln his'career revealed to-
scientific husband by vengeful Sicilian
whose homo-has been ruined by the
"bounder"—wife realizes blnckguardly
nature of tho "friend", and ; through -
hUBbands Intervention escapes'his clut-
choH—Reconciliation—Vllllan   makes
getaway with Scllltin In pursuit.—Cur-.,
tain. '        .
Paul Qllmore Is Indeed a dramatic1,
actor of power and flexibility pourtray- '
lng the lights and shadows with a,vivid
nesB thnt compels attention na he
plays tho rolo of Lord Lumloy In tho
varying situations that abound through '
outithe four acts.
Thoro aro certain facial oxproBBlonn
and tho polno of tho head that remind
one very forcibly of Premier .McBrldo
—honors may ho divided with impartiality.
Miss Hutchinson ,as Lady Lumloy,
has tho merit of distinctness of articulation. In the second act sho appears
at her best In Iho hysteria stngo, but
there Is too much of n siinicntwg of
oxproBslon that tnnrs, othorwlso excel-
lent ncllng. Tho Infusion of a llttlo
moro of (ho emollonnl would bo permissible without fear of bordering on
tho "stagy.'
Mr. Shear, ns Hlgiior d'Orelll, tho
smooth, slimy sedurcr, sustained his
I nrt In splotulM stylo, his nf fixations
were normal, not In tho toast overdrawn, and his mannerisms true to tho
typo of cavalier ho represented.
Mr. Pniil Tebuno, as Olutiofip«\ ns a
characterisation of a Sicilian orgnngrln-
der, and Inter as a valet, proved con-
p|itnlv#>1t» ihtf tn MM« iUfflAnlf ntft »V»a
lln«*s word* In trend hnnrt*.
,.       if.
Co. resulting in tho death of a young |
Mr. Clydo Mallory, ns "Menmes" has
Husslnn whose na.no wo did not lenn>, j« very nice Cockney accent that would
mid bis companion who was with him not bring down upon his devoted head
at the tlmo apoaks so llttlo Kngllsh too sovoro a criticism from Mr, 'Knry
that about thf» nnlv Information tnM I'Awhins .tmsHf.
could fie cleaned was that a log hadj Mr. Jackson, as Lord noualda. was
rolled upon him and that although he * very minor part, but tho llttlo he had
did not die right away ho lived but to sny was ncqulltod creditably.
a very short time after tho accident.
An alarm was turned U about U.'to
As for Mr. Ernest (51 Mm and 11, It.
Rtowo, ns Mnrkhnm and Thomas respectively, for a full report upon their
from box 3G which was not a IbImi doings consult that famous work of
afkrm ss It was found on discovery j Klbert Hubbard entitled "An Hssay
that a ri«fei'llv« flue whs the cause;in alienee"
{if the trouble.    The brlxsde was onj  - - ■ --
the spot In quick time and euwwded j                        aiRTH
In extinguishing the flames with but 	
she tit $30 damage,
The alarm was turned In from Me-
I'Wrton and Tbompeon -Htreets, but
was tbe borne of Peter Oko In the
Fernie Annex.
In West' Fernie, Thursday, tbe home
circle of Mr and Mi*. Matthew Orlf-
flths wss Increased by tbe arrival of a
bouncing boy. Mother snd child doing well. 7-y^-;&
■ *" ij'C1"^^: ^ii^i-iv^^T;
- .V'-'-.'^xv-ss.,:-,-,
■ ■-^y^^^V--'
-,. .-s-i,- _-»*.'
t^v^ycourit';in.,the;i>61steringlup\of "-.certain
^■tfctf• schemes,?of ? their ~ own;„chief -among
^S^changeitdeaf. by i!whlch'*the&varIous
i sThsa G6Vornments,> in'. conjunction withf the
V&"' iHome -Government, -would „•• enter,, :the
.*.'i\*;"-i'lahor -^ transportation -business—bear-
f-r-f/};■:^HV Ms" has" already! been""pbinted out
Lyyythe-promoter's of,the-scheme, te.'en-;
V&-1 s -''■*''• •■■■■".,<,.;-;. „." .*• _ i-w.,-,**,-,
k^.'K-v trap - the Imperial -Conference .-'were
lAV-.*f {ir-'H, ?-. t, ;r, y »'■■ ' '■- ,i ^>"•..-"'."'-*-j-,
Ly^wold^exponents-'of^the .emigration,game.
}*%>'; v. »They \arel'f6r>.the^most?part't people
U'^y i who have large;financial-interests. in
.'f^y:'Canada J and "elsewhere 'andr.who'since
fv7vythe .restrictions.' .were" imposed 'on'^the
rA!.#t-7;"dumolnk" '7socleties.C7aire7'.forever,'
dumping'! '? societies.^,- are!,'forever,
r»,7yt-hatchlng, new 'schemes -bytwhtch. they
fe>>t ".hppej.jto. detach' labor power .from-the
I IK'M^J h'oine ■ land Vsand." have;- it 1 attached
H'\K^ Sir*--Clement^ Kinlocb'-CookeV/'M.P."
I> .lfr^.„u^.v «:. j; ■ Norton-Grlfflithsy7M.P.\""
j&^'" with ;«CMr.'
'/and the Duke of Marlborough, as .their
,! y,^,.(|mouthpiece' in',(the^Tl6u'seV,ot::'XJorflB»
"\i<y They emigration v;'y8cheme8^i;plrcl|ng
■'" yin-alpre.vIoua-article."on:this;s"ubJect various railwayTpublicityrdepartmentsrployment in Canada-rhas-been*In'.tbe
1 ^l.S..',i.'   hi.--.i.:   _^^_j.-t   : *-, Li,^l_*_    fl«rt  ^rhAlwVrOlllAa J amrvntr 'uHet/MtKlHf.    nauf   . an, »a1»,    n    ■ ^«u«   1-m# -,.n«l.mtA
and ,<t their
among aristbcrat'c
*   for
to'noep3|he* altltude|towardB .tfie^res^
plutlbn;"of-;th¥ fepresentatlYes :bfrattier
, JAfi-^inyestmehts., - x^r,?;^^^/^. ^''"
lit-.vj'li,?^^*!°!lo1?ln?J5P°n.- ■thefdiscomhture ""of
M//'^; this"; group", in'-f thevfallure* .'ofytheir
y«y7 echemeV their Action", s^of *> the -British
vfii preBiss~' the.ultea-Tor^\Protectlonl8t
•'fr pRpers^j-have. not "cea sed;to^ attack-and
\$£ 'iv".' malign",-those "representatives of. over-'
I. -',- ffi".-.,, seas ^DomlnlonsXwhom^Jhey^deein^to
Ji7^,;-5Chave-been'''prlncipally^responsible -for"
.,'-;'the,''shelving.''of this,and*other re3olu-
\.f-; -.tlons/ in ,-whIch". Th3y^werev.speclnlly
V -■ yirterested.*».. ,^t J  ----••'»  '-!,-,->■'
$4*'-^ "%"-^otJ tlie";least7amusing:feataro"" has
^4l"|k-foy.t^°3mak^1^-a'PP0-a^''^hat they; woro,
^,In moving the'resolution jlr^ Buxton"
polntedy .put "■;-"; that >, "fiiu'ce -\ the;- 7es:
tahlishmenrof Labor"Exchanges the
<luestt6n'jof:: emigratloa> hadC tb'a;"cert
th"emvy Application^ Jhad;been>ecely^
ed-from time'tortlmofrom employers
in * the f Domiiiigns.^ ■ ^uch;,"asslstance
las the^Bxchanges' hadyb'een; able ,to
glve';had"/necessariiyrbeen "spasmodic,-
and'„it-was'thought'^that possibly,,now
the system was more fully established
arrangements -might be' made" with • a
view to'meetihg" the wishes ,bf the Dbhi-
Inlon .Governments Jn;the^matter;.yjt
was • suggested-; that employers; in'-the
Dominion ;'shbuldv( notlf yi their j requlre-
nients/io th^-Gbvernpieht-bf the Dom-
inionsrcbncerns, Vwhq'y would,'- if they
thought fit'/ pass'on such communication- tbrthelr^repreBentative in London
These-^acanciea\wquld";be "notified 'to
the""jCentlral'. OfficeVof the}:LaboVrEx-'
to, the7lbcail orancbes.-^If, iieceBsary,
advances^ mighT be' made! In approved
cases.iprovlding the" Dominion^ or, the
^tatej'Government ' guaranteed ',,their
"payments-;"' He" "* emphasized; the"; fact
that" ;tiie-Labor Exchanges0^, were -Val-
together'djfferenty fromy the' old'Dis-
trefls;Committeest;in" that' by. far? the
larger, percentage-of'casea, dealt" with
consisted of' skllled'.-wbrkmenj and not
mere laborers. ',,iy ..7*J7-, ^ ' . \;; *' -'-
In_-, the discussion ^ which, - followed
there was aVivemairtable unanimity of
opinion on the part 'of Uhe "Canadian,
Australlan'7)New^ Zealand, and "South'
African 1 representatively with"* -New-
foundland ;aIoneysupporting¥ the vfes-
olutlont •'- It;isJ|nteresting;als6 to; note
that; ''the. ^arguments1!? generally. advanced iwere"7precl&elyythbse- put-forward, from' time to"'time".by the Tra'des
Congress..representativ,esl„- when': deal-,
lng -with'the -"questions. allied-witb ,1m-
mrgration7?and'-'\while'? sqmre^'of the
premiers -talked "around^ the'question,
• ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦.♦. ♦'..♦ ♦ ♦ "5M* ♦
ii.-fi v
i?t|TIresponsible;f6f^heyjntrodflcc'.oii ^ of
9 .sU^ - "J.^the*.' resolution, while' everyimr knows;
||"7 Z-.V? ^P,' knows ^ anything^ whatever^ aboyfe
ly;1-^'"tf1* matter;"- that* they.^only-vundertbok
I7;y': to^place; the question "on the agenda*
i V- $' '*&■ the 'earnest': and- peTBlstent, sollcltrf-
,y ;fy■:tlqn.of the gentloiincn^we have' named.'
v',v,.and ^heVpresf which,is subsldis'ed'b'y;
-their .party-In-politics.",- dheof,these;
;>'the3,,"pairy7Ex'presB".' -~. the'-'- yellow
's-journals''of old country1"Conservatism
■7-HitateB tbat:y,'",y'{y."/ .;:; r-^-'y
•L./^The^discussion tbok ,place' on. the
' initiative off'Mr.'Buxton, PreBldentof
7 tho -Board^pf-^Tra'de, who"made an
'attempt to pavo the'way for dumping
' i utiemployoblos! jfrom, ^tbo labor • - ex-
\*" changes' on,:\the' Domlnlbnsy7vEvery
Sl  ,.,'rPremier refused'to have anything to
y'\'"v,ldV-wjjh- thevlabor,.>xchanBes,-and
',*v':i'-Mr.; 'Buxton v was .compelled to "with-
'draw. :they.roBOlutlon/";', .j^Ovhavo
renBons. fbrV'lJeliie'vlng that; the^eluo-'
tnnoo'of Mr.'-BuHtbn. tb.v withdraw "the
roablution (would not begin' toyoqunl
7,-the chagrin-of those nrlstooratlo oml-
y'v'^atlbnlngontB,;'. whoBo- parliamentary
■J,"rcpW)BontatIvoa,'Induced  tho GoveVn-
V Imont, to-place,tho quoatlon ,on,"tho
I-,   agenda, ;>   '--;, ^.j,\'
-■ y -     '     :, The Resolutionw   ..    :',s
' The resolution movod by Mr, Buxton
-. was as follows!    -   . '■     '.."■'■
' "That   tho   Govornmont " of   the
' vorloiis Dominions should consider In
.7 concert with tho Imperial Government
^    tbo" possibility and the host motbod
' ^ofutllUfng- the,;machinery .of ■ the
„ 'national system "of labor" exchangea
evtabllshed in the   Unltod   Kingdom
-," ini.conootlon with tho notlfloatlon.of
»,...vacancies for omploymont and applica-
• > tlons of persons - for employment .as
;    between   the   Dominion!   and   Iho
;   United Kingdom,"    ..,   "„
1 'v Through the medium of tho Tradei
"and Labor- Corigrew tbo workers   of
', Canada havo combated this Idea from
i   Ita very Incoptlon,' Jusf, ■ ns strongly,
nn tbo Canadian Manufacturers,   the
TSbiution.^^ /s>yy.^ ft^y7
'7-VvCanada' Opposed Resolution VCs.^
%J Slr>WIlfrld- Laurier^-. on vbehalCpf
Canada ^left no., dpubty*whatever,. ,;ea
to ..his,; stand, u'pbn'^he' questionydnd
speaking on the; resolution- Bald':.'."'
past • entirely! a i mattefyot^private
icltiative:' -" TW'Canadlan^Manutac^tur-
"ers" ■* Association,opened • an7oriioe" In
tendon,'1^-;England;| in>|i907,?tpyUie
its ;,members. ^The^xperlmenty would
appear nbt'tovhaye'been\wholiy.'eat;
isfactory.,'and'.the7''pffice"?',hTas^,; been
sinceo closed." It ia^alsa'to'be^speclally
noted- tKat" th'e^question-;;bf;at. system
pf Interchange,^"betweeny:.iabori|,rex.-
chariges'in the,-'vi)omlnlpn7'arid^the
labor \., exchanges^- system's 7'of;' Great
Britain' has "already'been., they subject
of discussion ',byf ;the^: labof/brganlza-
tionBl lri ithe-Domlnlon-'and-, that '"there*
are grounds for 'Jbellbvlrig th'atyany
project of the kind would meet with
unqualified-, .opposition {• from7^this"
Boiirce.7 For those "reasons, chiefly .my
own view would be on'the same lines,
arid I shouldihave-to,say. that the mo-
tion would-nol; be met-with any favor
by the'country I represent here."y.;,--;-(
-: fy -' Th« Australian View ;<-.'7'- -7
-- Mr.,? Batchelor said that Jn- Australia
the Federal GoverninenVfhad' confined'
Itself;. toy;advertIslng"^' the Jselectlon"^ of
"menj being • left-entirely in the bauds
"of the -agencies of the .StateJ.GOvern-
rizents (' controlled; by " their Agents-.
General y in y London, . who „? were
-unanimously.' of opinion" that- ub'advantage " but7;"several, disadvantages
would iresult -if rbiri-r the" adoption 7 o't
this scheme.{-Onejgreat obstacle was
the distance between Australia'and-the
United^Kingdom. „7The time taken'iii
cbmu^catlngythe; 'warits, of -the em-
ployewfand^ the. selection and despatch
ot. the"' men f would"rprobably".,be six
months, ;'and"iriythat time the conditions pt^the-Iocal tlabor market might
hovft.entirely^changedly-There would
be greafi^'dlfflcuity. In,"persuading the
State Governinents" to depart from the
principle ofs haying ^entire' control
in the.'sele'cUon.'of •" assisted , immigrants.'1- As'.tb ,the "refund .'of advances
,-.-„-, -v. -'/      --     * -       - * -
fhey-.haye-fpun'd that he.amountvre-
paia^of-the^sums expended 'rIn intro'
ducing'irieri. was infiriltesimal. While
they could-not support,4he- proposal
'.without; further^viinformaiion.'. they
would have.no" 6bjectlori^ to' the master
being further'considered^'by a; sub-
'comfnltteWyy;;^' c*- ;k t_ Ir u; j -'_ y \' ,
"-Nev Zealand Has National Labor
■ -'--^.;- ^f:r-t'  Exchanges fr ~   ?,.   _ -'-
&£<, -We" .wou'id,ca! It attention '";io':i
♦;;■ ail miners -"' that" there is "V:
♦y strike "on throughout .District"
♦ >;"18,'.in"cludrng7c'orbin, and not,J
'^'. .tonaccept*'statements to ,the-
i--. -, ... j     *•
♦"-contrary issued^by interested-'
.♦.7partie's.^   ,—"*'•* i ,;.7i
♦;♦"♦-♦'♦♦*♦'♦ ♦ •^"♦-■♦- ♦
Conference is causing general "dismay
throughout-Carikda.y-.- ..J^'v' "^';\
^".The ^Winnipeg: Telegram, the lead
Ing "newspaper-in" the"great -province
of .^Manitoba,* declares" that- his ^,'de-
structive influence' has gone too far.
'If", he believes/ says this" newspaper,
'that he expresses Canadian sentiment
in' resisting every"*proposal. brought
forward,"he should-'have „the manliness lo'move a'resolution in favor, of
Canadian Independence.".,' *'- > y
vThat therearea few people in each
Industrial .centre of:Canada."who \were
"generally dismayed' at the result of
the' Imperial Conference we "can well
imagine; .biitypbn this question and
for this > time' at "least it is certainly
not the workers. 'Balked as the money
ocfacy has been ."the workers ,will
need to^ tie Increasingly vigilant for
the appearance '."of'- newer schemes
which ' may .'now be -expected, -although it.is^by no niean^' likely, that
Vhei'-utility^of'the' British Exchanges
will • be overlooked -by' the' Canadian
Manufacturers' "Association ,arid their
friends.' ' The-'fact -, that "inevitable
losses',will have'to'be borne b'y*some
one,and that the various Governments
.h'avS- "declined" will, howe'ver, give the
movement1 a check. '
;j7'yy Vf-'v   •"■*>'   . W. R. TROTTER
yt^dl Pay You Well to Make Sera."
7.-There"*,been a lot of "guessing'^aboui'
-. rheumatism and rheumatic pains-'gener-
-:alljr*, but:you can be dead sure that little"
-pain'across'your back came from de-
'creased kidney action. ' *
y :The kidneys, duty is to' filter the blood
; T-^ake. out - the impurities collected by
r the returning, bloody stream—do'it just
-like' absorbent cotton.in a funnel filters
"the impurities from-polluted water.
''" Whea'the kidneys are not working you
-are bound for one of twoJ courses—^Diabetes and'Bright's Disease or Rheuma-"
" tism>f Lumbago - and Sciatica. - The former course is usually fatal, and the latter
always ."painful,:,but-yoa- need not have
eitheryasvthey,bbth-.can.be easily pre:
veutcdy v1;, .<<•_ ,-,-* y ', , - "
' "The very rjest-presoiptiori for all kidney troubles is-Nyal's Stone-Root Compound. It * is no * "patent". medicine,
but a scientific prescription composed
of Stoneroot,, Buchu, Juniper and^other
remedies of proved "value.-/More' than
,that, it has"' been proved'/by thousands
, who have had glad relief from its'use.V-
There's, nothing quite so miserable as
the dragging results of sick kidneys.
You are trifling with your own future
when you neglect so simple a'-precaution,
as a pleasant home treatment with Nyal's
Stone "Root-Compound when results are
so certain.   - . ■       ^
It   soothes,, bladder  irritation,' gives
Sou rest and comfort at night, and makes
fe once more enjoyable.
t The kidneys, liver,and bladder are all
dependent upon one another, and Nyal's
Stone Root Compound Is particularly
designed to help them, all. "
For Salejn Fernie and Guaranteed by
'-,   .-- Adeposit of One Dollar opens-a
y.account in the Home Bank.and Piiir<Cbmpound,  '
s"' Interest' is  paid at -the "highest .bank.1 fate:
—'■ '      -  .'      . • . , ^    -'*-'".-    %'-
V^There is, no formality in1 opening^ari.accounty-
' 'call -in 'and leave your name "and, address and ^
take* your' pass-book.^"If,you' are away, from' -
town and. need money you .may make a withdrawal fromvour' account, -with the Home
- *"  - - -;--   "> • :■   ,
r , Bank, through the mail.
I -0   ,
-C  *     -  **\   *"
;> WAR
"-i <isr:' y!
—-- «#it->! By. Anatole France ''   -.
■--: .-•'< uV .,:."-,       -     .       —"
The following'address was delivered
in". Paris" on July 28 at a gala evening
hehT'in cbinmerrioration of- the first'
Internatiorial.Hague Conference, aridis
translated^from-"^the pages "of L'Hu-
manlfce. V/fy^ffy _ '\ 7:'"-'~7
, -No-manlacspf."pacifism are we. We
do, riot, "with7olive-branches, block up
our view*^of?humanity molded'in vir-,
tues inithe-rbugh.'school of -war.- -The
wild "chieftain who, at the. approach
of thQ'.foe, ^enclosed lri a circle of .chariots, ~iixe: womeny,theJ children and. the
caftle'pf-his^t'ribe, and riddled the ag-
gress'6i^4with "'arrows ,or stories-1-this
barbarian*! it1'*, was who founded "the
familyandL-the city. ^, ■ The victories of
Biby't Tirrlblo Eexinie
Handa Tied to Pi^vent ttoMUhlnir.
fiwe Deeteiw Failed to Relieve, but
ZawBufat Worked » Cure,
•  v  "   '
Mn. Ohai. Levere, ot Prwcolt, North
Channel, Ont., telle bow Zam-Buk
cured hor baby. She iays;-"My baby's
h«ad and face was ono complete mass
of sores,   The ItoblDg and Irritation
¥>ViV     MMItUi,     AMU     W«     <*^M     WM«*
yMpM watt tin acTlenij thnt at <vnn im«
we feared her ears would be eaten off'
; by tbedlseaw. -   •*   ,,    M.........
"We bad to keep h«r band* tied for
' Hiyn to "prevent her ..rubbing and
scratching the sores. Doctor after doc*
t*» t^Mofl >**r In vntn, iiTiftt wn ^inff
bad Are doctor*.  They all agreed It
was a frightful case of eczema, bnt
none of them did any permanent good.
'"Aa a last resource wo were advised
to try Ztm-llulc .Tbe first box did to
mnch food that we felt snro ws were
. at last working In the Hint dlrutlon.
We p<!Mwr«<J* with the triatra<nt nn-
. til we had used thirteen boxes, and,at
"tbe end'ef that time I *m «!*d to say
jsan-Snk bad   effected a complete
tan." ■'.."■
'" nor ectema, ef eptlaaa, rubes, tetter,
Itch, ringworm and similar skin dlt>
eases, Zatn-Buk U wltbeat cauat,   It
also ceres cut*, born* scalds, piles,
ab*ee*t*t, chronic seres, bleed poison-
lag, tie.   All dtu««lat» attd »Ui«a al
19 cents • box, or pest free for price
from Zanvnufc Co* Torouto.   Refose
" ';"I;haveffor.my1part'.no information
at all-.as";to;, the working,- In-..Great
Britain*" of the"" system/ofylabor-'"'exchanges' which have been established
,under tho recent Act.'  ,1 understand
that- It has worked satisfactorily. -„• I
am-sorry to say we, lri Canada, would
not,"view with: fa-vqr -such-, a -System
ot exchanges" as is here suggested:lri
the .resolution.- ..The conditions-of tho
labor ^market, are. very different-In
Canada- and tho,Dominions ' beyond
the ,flensr-at'ail overits,* they are' very
different InlCanada. " This Is aques;
tlon'which chiefly concornB labor, arid
with us-tho labor, organizations" have
not viewed the system,at all with any
favor.. VI should; say,that whilst wp
bave-encouraged -eriilgration   frorii
Groat. Britain'\to ^Canada;' wb Iwyo
really only ono kind,of Immigration
and that is agricultural Immigration',
for which the"market Is unlimited.1
Any,man,who'loaves the British.Islands', and comos to Canada with'tho
Intention of going Into'   agricultural
pursuits la sure of Immediate employment, and is sure to find'work,, as a
farm laborer* and if ho prefers, ,an
oBtnbliBhmont still moro.advantageous
tqjilm ho,can Immediately go,'upon
public lands and havo a bomostoad
for. himself, ~ but  when It comes   to
Industrial pursuits,bo Is wvcry  liable
to disappointment .unless bo has work
secured Iri advance.
•■' "Just"boforo ■ I   loft Canada,   tlio
Minister of kabor "placed In my hands
n memorial upon   this   question,   In
which he has summarised the objections which hnvo boon urged,    It Is
too long to road, but I wlllsiiramarlxo
or I nd lea to tho salient points of the
memorandum, (Ho snld: 'The Qoyorn-
mont polloy has not looked  to  the
direct   promotion    of    Immigration,
whether from Great Britain or elsewhere,'  of those concerned In other
Industries — having originally spoken
of agricultural   pursuits — It   being
considered thnt the play  of  natural
causes at a tlmo .when the resources
and prosperity of Canada   aro   receiving a world-wMe  publicity, may
'droll suffice to seouro   an   adoquato
response to the need* ot employers
v* >>*ivK- hi ihU couuU).'    iWiiW un
he eays: 'No matter   bow   carefully
guarded, It would appear   that   any
arransement  of  the kind   proposed
would load Inevitably to much friction
wfcvttwft fettii>HM«t» ano# 'iioiftUitttfi \nt
Canada, as well as create distrust In
the minds of many In tbo Dominion
as to tbe quality ot labor which might
be supplied under the proposed arrangement.    Workmen sent out, from
Enirland' wider Onwimment auaplwa
would, in alt probability, If dissatis-
y5ir™Joseph^wa"rdys"ardTtIiairtlie ob"^
ject cf ,the: resoiuliori rwcs a'laudable
one,' -and ■ there ' waV* nb7.reason why
tbey" should' not .take,' Into,, consideration" the possibility'-- of '(.utilising, the
Labor," Exchanges,  In ., the. United
JKlrigdoib. ,'for; the /purposes indicated;
In,-New Zealand; since"1894 .thoy had
had .a complete'organization of Labor
Exchanges by means, of which, they
were able - to ■ avoid anything lri' the
shape of congestion of labor, at any
particular point.    Their  Inimigratlon
system was regulated by an .entirely
"different   principle ; from   that 7 of
Australia or Canada.'   Canada had so
large* an absorbing area that' they
considered, the'moro people she got
tho'betlev and sho' offered large." In-
ducements to attract Intending emigrants- in large numbers.   Tho Commonwealth, (Australia)  was ln.spme
what', similar position.    lri New Zealand, however," thoy assisted two class-
08ronly;,:--: namely, agricultural labor-
,orfl.'arid,„'domestk5   servants. „ Thoy
could absorb a numbor of agricultural
laborers '-'• coming    to    the    country
gradually and thoy so rogulatod; tholr
system as to endeavor to have employment found nt onco for ovory Restated emigrant passed  by tho Hlgli
Commissioner. * Thoy stopped  assistance tb nny ono arriving In tlio winter
months. : Of course othor classes of
emigrants   wero   welcome,   but thoy
were' not assisted by tho Government,
- It might bo,an ndvantago If thoy
could utilize tho machlnory In Britain
for the' clasB of pooplo thoy wanted,
- Botha,Speaks for.8outh Afrloa   -
General Botha said that tho high
wages paid "In South Africa attracted
a largo numbor of mon with tho result that their labor market wan qulto
full, Tho Covornniont had spent largo
sums of money in1 trying   to   mnko
agriculturists of some of those people,
but tbe experiment had not been altogether a succois.   It was ImpnsHlblo
(o oliango n man at onco from   nn
ordinary laborer Into an agriculturist,
Tho process  took tlmo and  was expensive    South Africa did not want
mon for walking the streets, sho wanted agriculturists, and for thnt class
she . was, prepared to spend  money.
Therefore, as far as his government
Was , concerned,   tho ,   nil-Important
thing was tho selection of tho mon.
Newfoundland  In  Favor
,  Blr Ed. Morris, by declaring himself
In favor  of  tbo  resolution   placed]
-Alexander^iaidttJie rouridations of the
'"'Who, then, shall "mourn war expired?'. "If,there be any among you"
who*| nourished on a gloomy theology,
regret;'wars' -absence and, hope' for
it as^a scourge, arid behold in battle
the ^.ensanguined 'holocaust in which
the"'god. of armies delights, to such
as- these I have nothing to say.
yin.'. "slaying war, do you fear that
valbryConstancy," and self-sacrifice,
the1;" proudest ^virtues that swell the
hearts • ofI'menyshall with the same
stroke;be'slain?' -No, the arts ' of
peace„arid'science — science pure and
speculative^ ."science operative, 'and
-applied', to-individual -and social
needs^arid,the works* of civilization
—all ■_ these likewise -, stimulate, ener-
glesyarbusexourage, and raise up hero^-
esT^^Thisi is not "tlie hour to doubt
of7ltr when- the, peaceful;- conquest"of
th"e-"alif.selects its'victims so, largely
JOHN ADAIR, Managen Fernie
Capital   Paid" Up" S 2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets . 7  40,000,000
-«■ The,Bank of Hamilton" has, made-
* savirig'simp'le—by elimiriatin gall unnecessary. Bank formality!
An account may be opened with the'
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount'.will act as an incentive to
steady saving and will quickly grow
to a sum worth while.
-^   --yj. R. LAWRIE
«*■,- 7--I
I ,v    ft.
Head Office:,
modern" world," and established the clv-
illzatibny'which' '.."invasions' of - barbar-
ians^fajiedytn 'destroy, and which -tb-
dayiis~burs7to;enjoy.      ' ■ *'
."-'-   '.War"Once Necessary
" iWef'accord"£6 war, .you see, a pretty
fair share'7 -But once on a time nec-r
essary, 'the/reason for its existence is
gorie.*'l,yThat' Is an actual fact, but
ono which escapes tho notice of many
observers "simply because of Its magnitude arid'for the reason that it Is"
not-.all.eyefc that can encompass It In
all Its vast extent.    Yet consider; colonists., lands, and the fruits of the
earth,"cattle, .corn, crops", raw materials) manufactured products,1 cash and
credit;V all, that goes  to' mako the
proaporlty of peoples and the-power
of races   was   formerly   gained, by
methods "of- violence.   /.But now the
"matter • Is ono of a common • understanding between notions   of   equal
civilization.' >' it ls true, that inferior
races, too oft boar the cost;" but ono
can foresee thnt so cruel an nbuso
will not bo eternal.     Between peoples of equivalent culture; despite all
rivalry   and   distrust,   and. whether
they aro willing or unwilling, tho understanding dally grows hotter.    Tho
Increasing multiplicity of. communications and exchanges,   the   enforced
solidarity'-' of   markets,   commorclnl
and financial, tho rapid development
ot international Socialism, anil of tho
federation;' of   workers — all   thoso
forcos Insonslhly   proparo   tho   way
for (ho union of tho pooplos of all con-
jt'.ncnts.   - ,, > ,  ■    .
uPonce universal will ono day' he
rchkvod, not because men w"l he-
como hotter (It Is not permitted to
hope that), hut because n now order
of, things, a now'science new cro-
nomlb necessities that we seo trlelng
niitl growing, will force mon Into tho
pacific state, Just ns In days of yoro
tho conditions of existence placed
thorn and kopt thorn In a stale of
war.      »
Averse to what has boon colled
"the surprises of the hoart," I shall
put aside tho suggestions of sontl-
ment, I shall sny; Perish poitco If It
lowers humanity! Perish war since
It Is now Incapablo of.compensating
Iho victor for tho Injury and Io'sbcs It
brings upon him. Perish war now
that Industry has become the great
nnd sole conqueror!
The Hope of the Bravest
frpm"the-youngest and most intrepid
.-■-S'.'^TheNviartyrs.'of Art-" . * .
""'^Let," those*- who, believe that rude,
ordeals, are, necessary to ' steel and
temper the-sour*" be .assured. Even
'when JtheVwar trumpet .(whose blast
Is'., becoming ^ seldom •', heard.4n the
world)-'.shall,"have, .ceased', to .call
racesi,to carnage,,,humanity will run
no risk",of, falling aslumber amidst
the delights,.of a- new golden, age
Astraea will'not descend from.the Zodiac to .Instruct men on the soft leisures . of * an ,,fternal spring: , neither
will,honey;be found flowing from the
trunks,"of "ancient oaltB, Effort, hard
effort,'wlli.still bo necessary,to unhappy, humanity. , v Art itself, which
appears''tp be all.pleasures and joy.
has art not Jts riiartyrs? And ovon In
Its lightest sports does not art demand from its devotees cruel nnd oft-
times blobd-drlpplng sacrifices?
If tho • struggle- for death, be perilous, tlio struggle against death offers
no less formidable danger. I call to
witness tho' memory ot physlclarila, of
learned men, ot Inventors, of all the
host of generous souls who havo per-
lRhod in mitigating tho ills of their
But army for array, does not the
grand army of workors ^ undergo
fatigues and privations? Does it not
run the gauntlet of dangers? It la
not'exposod to wounds and to violent
death? Tho grand army of workors,
which builds nnd upholds with Its
hands tho prodigious "odlflcos' of our,
civilization -- tho workers on tho soil
and In'tho mlno, tho workors In' motal
nnd ' stone, .tho army of ponco, ' tho
army bonoflclorit, which performs nt
all hours and In obscurity, prodtglos
of devotcdness, of strength, and of Intrepidity — In universal poaco, alas!
will not thia army havo always Its hero
osand victims?
Workers Unltel
And you, the last faithful lovers
of war, you who lovo It because you
adjudge It to' bo noble, pure, heroic,
nnd who would rolnln It lo sorvo Just
causes (as If war did not ever serve
Iniquity ss woll as justice) you boforo whom I bow, bocnubo you aro
loyal, guard within your souls tho
memory of war's ancient virtuos,
when tho sword was the arbiter of
the world. By tho sword was war
rond<»r«(l anpiist. HoprM vo nnd
(mourn for tho sword: for now It Is
20 acre tracts of
Creston land—is
well watered &
, i '-i
excellent soil.
'f*,«Vi*i * *    ^* y ' I
Joe Grafton
Be    C/e
iVewtouiuilunit ulono..in its advocacy,
and the resolution, was withdrawn.
Probably ot all tho overseas dependencies, bleak, Newfoundland has ioast
to /ear from tbe operation of any
nut-.ft scbenie, and might possibly be.
considered safe from Invasion whether
It operated or not, at least until Lord
Morthcllffe has developed his holdings
In that region.
Wo have already referred to tbe
"ftelly ETprfliM" (London, England)
which with the London "Globe" and
fW!  wlfb thm *mp1ej'mwt    nhtnini*/t\nth*r jnpap ot TV'r I'hn iWUudly b«J
make pf their dissatisfaction a grjer
anee to be Ibvestlfaled by the Gov-
ernment, whilst Canadian workmen
would be certain ,to represent that
tbey were being an4«If dl«erlatla«t«d
aaalnst bv tbe nevernmetit* concerned. Apart from" the weaclce
Indicated above, the brfnglnr ofi labor
from Great  Britain  to  assured em-
rated tbe vUlUng premiers (and especially the Canadian representative),
for their actions at the Conference,
and many Ctaadlans wonld be amused
to fl»4 tbe "Exprws" Ttprododag
msMH*r fnmjtfyt Trrnnfpcis: Tcfe-
cram" la ttte following strain:
"The attltud*  nblcb   Blr   Wilfrid
Uurkr bat taken op at the Imperial
For peace in ali ages the world
has thirsted. Let ua blush not to wish
for it; the bravest havo desired tt
before us, Thnt swords bo mado into
plowshares wet the desire' of the
prophets of lunit'l nnd ot the poets of
Tlomo, ,U Is also the wish of the noblest and loftiest souls of modern
times. Nay more., Never ban war
been made but to achieve peace.
Hence It Is the fate of war to, perish
tn tho hour of Vn trfnmpft. Jtay It
perish for all time. ,-, -U
Rcmembcrlns. 0 people, ' all tut
war lias giwn to you in tbe abapd of
power, and wretchedness, and *tory,
tnfoM It in Its purple shrowd and,
freed henceforth from Its Illustrious
ibraMMo, Mk trot t» j*t vlrtartet of
r> titty, hnt tn Pf*** w^f'*b Atta.fa.VlC-
tcry and to endow yoo with greatness
and riches, the only victory, whkb en-
no moro.  Tho.naked falchion which
In a manner established   tho   right
of iiilKht has been replaced by metallurgy   and   costly   pyrotoclinlca   by
which the courago of ritlxen* is sub-1
or/Wutikul to the wealth of nnllons.j
To^lay. no longer Is Bellona a war-!
rlor-goddess,   she Is a metallurgist, nj
huge Industrialist   who   diverts   nnd]
dopraveM, who sterilizes and corrupts i
tbe material and the Instruments or
peace, and of elvltUatloii for ptoflt'a
sake.    0 Men, depart from her!
sudors of nations, eltliens of the nnl-j
«r*e and workers of tbe two worlds,!
unite to put an end to this madness
of steel more- rntirderoua than the fever of battle) Unite together to re-
Di'cu tfiq, ci-ftutnat niaula far acuu-
stents and rescue tbe world now a
prey to an evil more deadly thsn war
—armed peace.
Aeroplane Races Every Day
"Pioneer Days In the Palouse"
♦1M.000 Will Be Spent on This Exhl*
reduce!) railway rates
Greatly Increased Prizes
Many New Class**, Open to All
H'rlUi J-'mr iVvmtum IM anil Ailli/ froorai*
217  Hutton  Block,
f\ * "f H"^" ^^y:'-i <-<--,
y,->v y-
.- >y^^Ms^s^-^iSf^." ,yy
.'l^bUshed,every*Saturday morning at its:officer
^Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. C.ySabscriptiori?$1.00
per year, in advance. An-; excellent advertising
' medium:'  Largest circulation in the District.   Ad-
J t
rertising rates on application; Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all "kinds of book,: job and
color work.' Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48,
J. W. BENNETT, Editor.
'* Postoffice Box No. 380
THE.election of William IT. Johuston ns President of the International Association • of .Ma
chinists with a majority of 1979 votes over his op
/ ponent, James O'Connell, is not only a victory for
tho aggressive element in the organization, but also
marks the third defeat that has been inflicted upon
the Civic' Federation supporters.  ..   ,
',   j John Mitchell, of' the United Mine Workers, was
/Ihe first case; next came Lennon, of the Tailons'.
and now O'Connell, a-prominent" member-'of tlie
Civic Federation lias met, his Waterloo. '
on the- contrary, yt is" "our - desire"'that';,.th"e7fulle"st
publicity should be given to every" phase'ofj>Canad:
ian;iifes and not'merely th'at'-which:hasrfQr'its ob:
ject,the presentation of one side "ofothe^storjvfand;
thafside entirely couleur de rose;y Vyy"; .7 ;-y •
" There is in'the brief skefc&bf CrWyStarmer,
the correspondent for the' Sheffield "- Independent;
one apparent inaccuracy in the statement ttiat jSbfef -
field is the largest ^city in Yorkshire.- aSa^.we are
under the impression that Leeds, the centre of. the
woolen' industry in that county/is the' more populous. .-.'"'     .      y .  1--'. -:
,, <T*WELVE British journalists are making a tour
, *   of Canada and-, this -week are sojourning in
' Calgary.^-y-1" '_",.-.
.'-.This party is-in .charge of George Ham, of the
C. P. ,R., and,J. Ob'ed'Smith, of the. Immigration
Department, hence with these two gentlemen 'acting
"  accicerones it is by no means unreasonable to assume that the various phases of activity brought to
.    the attention of these visitors must perforce take on
a decided C. P. E. tinge. :
If, how'ever, these twelve disciples of journalism
-   wish, to "obtain data from every available source, if
■   they are newsga^therers" of the free lance type, and
it'  not. merely' appendages to«; and boosters for, the
•; transportation' and; publicity bureaus, then they
will neither be satisfied-witlr spoonfed copy nor
„ content to play" the role, of the-Grub street, hack.
d. despite the fact-1hat■"the^'/gai;" in'the present in-
-   stance may be" an exceedingly delectable", morsel,
but on the contrary,.proud of-their profession, de-
not a corporation* gilded story, then they will -in-
*" terview those who may view conditions" from a difr
ferent angle than that of those under whose supervision they are now* traveling.: y-    , ;  - - \  •
' For instance, a trip, to Banff will appeal to them,
f.    if they arejlovers of the sublime in nature, and without any_, vivid- stretch of imagination'they may
rhapsodize about tlie goregebus panorama that presents itself to their gaze, to describe* the creature
comforts obtainable at so much per, or write up
the marvellous curative properties of the thermal
springs is simplicity itself, but if they would go a
Jittlo farther afield and acquire a knowledge of
.  the up-to-date methods that obtain in Canada,in
the handling of labor problems, a visit to the nearby
,". obnl camp at'Bankhead would be interesting indeed,
more especially to those representatives of dailies
that arc located' in the coal mining districts of
England, Scotland and Wales.     They would dis-
« cover thnt tho police force of the government is not
deemed adequate to1 comply with tho requirements
of corporate interests, hence private police, whose
function ostensibly that of preserving p'eaco.is not
oxactly what it scorns upon the surface. • Furthermore, that a status is established that is tanta-
mont to a suporccssion of tho authority of tlio State,
in other words, ,n stato within a state.   That wo
venture to remark would not be tolerated in Great
Another item which, although it has already boon
exploited lias by no means boon exhausted, and one
that would doubtless interest their many readers
for whom tho doings of royalty havo a charm. *   •
Tn tho vicinity of tho'Glaoior Hotel (a O.'P. Hi.
• tourist rosort) thoro aro some wonderful subterranean eaves that aro woll worthy of a visit, com-
moiily known ns tlio Dontehrann Caves, to hold proprietory claims to which a froo miner's license is
hold by tho roigning monarch of Groat Britain. Tlio
,' mothods adopted onnbling His Majesty to obtain
thlN would mnko a very spicy story nnd throw sonm
Hideliglils on tho Huhjoot wheroby Mark Twain"h
Honthon Ohinoo would be clearly ouNdiHtnncod in
"tricks thnt are queer and ways that aro peculiar."
Upon reaching Vancouver an interview with W.
II. Trotter might ho nrrangod that would cortainly
bo complimentary to and divorgent from that,, of
J. Obod Smith.
These arc but n few iloimi on passant lo which
wo roHpoclfuIly call the attention of these twelve
disciplos of iournnlimn nnrl would «mj»:«,°t thnt t'v
look into thorn \m\om thoy arc no wedded to the
fetichism of 'good form" thnt thoy hesitato to stop
outside of the subsidization oirdo in which they arc
As nn evidence of lnisinons acumen on Iho part
of tho 0. P. It. those annual excursions of newspaper
men is conclusive. None can blnmo thorn for such
notions, but on tho contrary, thoy nro worthy of
tho highest-commendation. That the nowHpnpor
mon thomnolvc* enjoy these jaunting trips, under
such fnvorablo surroundings, nono con gainsay, and
thnt they should write- nrMclos ill glowing terms to
their respective paper* is by no means strange, but
to convey the impressions to their render* thnt tficy
aro not giving every ahndc of publfo opinion is
what we criticizo, became of tho injury thnt may
result from n partial prmnntnHon n* *?>o twin,
We do notwiah to be understood an "knocking,"
THE above question-has been asked us by'those
who regard Liberal an"d'.Conservative as''but
wings of-the same bird, to which we reply, Of two
evils choose neither. ,,, , "  > ' "
But the retortmay be made: I do not wish to lose
my vote To this we reply 1 You do lose your vote
by casting a ballot for that which you do not want
'.'The prime object'of the vote is1 not'.merely the
dropping of a piece of paper in the ballot box, that
is simply incidental.'■ Every individual who has
the suffrage should exercise-it,.and if there be no
candidate in the field to espoxise the principles you
"support then go to the polling booth and'mark your
ballot in accordance with your political belief.
„ To" illustrate: If you are a'Prohibitionist, and
firmly believe that"Prohibition is the'remedy' in
which neither of the candidates concur, then write
across your ballot paper: "I want Prohibition!"
On the other hand,'if a Socialist, and there is'no
candidate of-the .party, then in that case' wfite7
,\\ant Socialism,"-- tlras you have not "wasted!' the
vote, for the'reason that, you have used'the ballot-
paper for. its. rightful-purpose—the" expression of
your individual'opinion.' l y '
. We repeat: Every voter, should cast "a ballot, be
cause if^hc absent himself and his intentions to, do
so become known it leaves the gates wide "open for
impersonation.by somebody casting'a vote in his.
name. . That such "corrupt practices as "impersonation, ," "repeating," etc., have been'perpetrated
throughout British Columbia are* too' well-known
fcr more than passing comment," and to minimize
such ought to be. the' determination of every citizen, hence we say—A-vote for, what you want is
not losing ajvote, but; a vote"'for what you do not
want most assuredly^is.     .i IN
Q-N-Monday of'next'.week the."Candidate0for the
k Liberal Party, Dr. Jr H. King, accompanied by
Mr.yW. ■&.: Maedon'ald,* of '"Craribrobk," will address
the electorate, at which time we have not the slight
those, who-desire to, ask questions and'aiscuss the
' On Tuesday evening*Mr." A. Si Goodeve will be
once .again in Fernie, and with him the .Premier of
the,Province and also, we are .informed. Minister of
Lands, W. R.-Ross, this*.constituency's Provincial
representative. . Inasmuch as-the two last named
areclosely connected with the affairs of the Province,' although in the present instance they arc-
lending their assistance.on behalf of a candidate
for Dominion honors, we consider-the time exceedingly, opportune to ask questions regarding Provincial-affairs that are uppermost,, in the minds of
many of Fernio's citizens.   ,"",,.,- ,   ' '•,
Lest we be misunderstood.,we do not in tho least
criticise the action of Provincial officers' aiding
a member "of tho same political color who, is ah
aspirant for a seat in tho Dominion House, for tho
simple reason that this is, only, a concrete exempli-
fication of reciprocity,' Mr. Goodovo having done
ycomori service in tho'past''on behalf of his Conservative friends during provincial campaigns.
The contest that is being waged now, between tho
Liberal and the Conservative is: Shall the Reciprocity Pact bo accepted or rejected-? but to the people
of this community the most vital issue is: What
about tho .Conl Question?
Wo are now'entoring upon tho sixth month of .the
controversy, tho conduct of the men engaged has
boon remarkably law-abiding, that nono can deny,
and yo't'it was tho provincial authorities ,th,at wore
responsible for tho sending of tho special police to
Coal Crook, and who tho individual, upon whoso
shoulders tlio blamo should bo placod, is ought to
bo ascertained.
Had a branch of tho law boon committed thon it
would have been rondily understood why extra
polico wero required. But if all mon aro oqual bo-
foro Iho law and tho majority of tho citizons had
not mndo an application for additional police pro-
loction at whoso holiest woro thoysont nnd why
should nn innpproclahlo minority's interest bo
doomed paramount to that of tho larger fnolor?-
"Soft wohIn butter no parsnips"; rogrols and
sympathy nro imponderable quantities. Wholhor
rociprocily will or will not lesson tho cost of living
tho problem confronting.tho people in tho Crow's
Nest Pnss isi Aro tho miners making unreasonable
demands? If not, and yot to grant thorn is not
practicable according to tho statements of tho conl
"MwrwnlM thon'fa the doycrmncnl U &L14J Uly
\y\ when 1he function of government h .supp</:s<;<ll|
that of looking after tho'intorcsts of tho Province?
Tho concessions granted woro mainly from tho
Provinoial Government long boforo tho present ro*
j.rrsontntivpq woro In oontrol jt 5<? true, nevertheless.
if theso coal areas cannot bo operated oxcopt.nt aj
loss nnd tho minoworkora in view of tho aonatantly
increasing cost of living ennnot mibsist without an
appreciable advance, thon it to truly tho duty of the
Government to use every of fort to roliovo tho situation, (
The MInfoter of Labor ban boon arraigned becauac
of the futility of tho Conciliation Board to effect an
adjuatment, ao the way to open for tho Provincial
authorities to try tholr hand at relieving: a situation
which in vastly more important at thia juncture
than wnrthw Sir Wilfrid Laurier fs the next premier or the Hon. R. h. Borden,
.„,-; ■' -THE. CLASS WAR-.,yy   ■,
"' By WilHanvRestelle.Shle^
-;:*.. ;M#r:T;'yy ?JA
The-workers^ant high wages.-.- The
'» '-^ V '-- fe-s— ".- -" /.--,. -.; >„
employers .prefer to pay. I057 Wages..-
The. workers .want, short .hours: The
employers-inslston'long hours.yT"". ;
The workers" want large, alry,;well
lighted,-1 sanitary.; estabUshmentayin
which to labory^The employers* crowd
"their ."hands'^IntoVdlngy, badly' yenti-
lated;flll^mellInV shdps'-ilnv order, to
keep down» expenses. /   ""' > 77*' -£-*■'"
The" "workers, yrant. the machinery:' to
be .safeguarded. ^The'emplojrers .object
because safety appliances cost.moneyl
The workers want the "employers to
compensate them for'injurles.'incurred
while at work: -,-The'employers resist
because .. profits are of more Importance, to. them .than human life.-' '
- The workers want, all" their comrades'" to have jobs.Tlie ■; '- employers
seek to flood the native,labor'market
by-promoting Immigration.'        .■   j
The workers want their children'to
be assured a liberal education in'the
schools. The employers desires l the
children to be available for J their
stores-and factories. -> ., ;-, >'
^ The workers \want labor legislation
to protect their interests.- The-employers fight labor legislation because
it ls contrary to'their own.- y- „■ ,;;,^-
The'workers are.determined;to get
what they want."-' Tho employer's are
determined to prevent them. ,7 -
.The workers;;organIze -into"' unions.
The employers1 organize into associations..-- .; ,y7 ,7'. _ ->.-.' -, 8
M The' workers';resort'ta^the" boycott
and the 'strike.'7.'.The, employers resort
to- the ^blacklist 7and the lockout..  •
There is war.y civil war between
these two ■ great hostile forces, in society,   y , '       -., • ~ "
In. this-war .the .'employers use a
weapon"that'the7vorkers have,not yet
learned how,to handle.        -
They use the'; legislature to , pass
laws favprable'rto them and unfavorable to the masses.' *
, They use-.the'eourts to Interpret the
laws as they -want' them interpreted.
They use the\judges ,to hurl injunctions'- against" labor organizations - restraining, them "from picketing, from
paying.strike«benefits, from publishing
the- names 'of,,funfair firms," from doing any of the things that lead to.victory. \yy7yyy •'.'  -y *7 7
-They.use.fthe.-militia and the police
to' crush-the^ strikers and drive them
back-to, work.",y./•" ^        ';     .,7 7
■ TheyJare'abYe;tq"do these things because the> workers ,have voted .them
lutoTppwer'yyy.,--,''v1..-" - ■' "'''''-; './
/_ The1 ^Republican' and' Democratic
parties representjthe'Interests,of business men. • Their'members are mostly
business men;' \They depend for their
campaign funds .exclusively upon business men., yy • -"7    ,
Yet the. workers "support these parties at election times, .and then wonder why the government ls always for
the. rich and never for. the poor.
, It should .be asVpJain as daylight
that,-before we can have' the enactment ' and enforcement-v of working
class'laws we must.have administrators, legislators and Judges who have
the working class point.of view, who
have been elected' tbs office under the
auspices of a working class party, and
who are pledged,to obey-.the mandate
of a well disciplined working class organization,        -y,; "''
Once the workers organize politically, they can ,whip, the bosses to a
standstill. .      . ,  ,      (
-Once they vote together as solidly
ns thoy strike togother, they can have
everything their own way.
Onco thoy gain • control ot.tho various branches of the government, they
will have no trouble obtaining higher
wages, shorter hours, bettor working
conditions, compensation acta, old age
pensions, Stnte employment of tho unemployed, moro llboral education for
their children, and-the1 othor things
thoy want. - y   ;
,,Ayo, thoy can.got all.Uiobo things,
and'more. They.^canpu^the million-
alre"class completely.,'put?ot"business!'
They, can taks, the7miries,'away7from
the -mine owners^, „the7ratiroadsfaway
from the the Vallroado1raers;'thV:biS'
"factories away„^from * the;-big -factory,
owners and vest their'^wnership In tlie
tiands of, those vwtio^actually^dff:j,th'e
.v»ur«-   ,     ,    ^*  ,    ^^^.^..^..^..^^^
'7How?, By^pushing^jthe.-principipfof
public ownership ''Into^theVdomaniyot
all highly organized industries'^Kv*!'-
y Not until this is ,done,snot'until.1 the
.workers, own/the machines; riot*, until
the1 whole product of. labor belongs to
labor, will the class war7com'eito.an
end.   "■ < ,-'..- ;■ -;„y'j,ri,.'
,• This is'the.message• 'of,;'Socialism
to the world. '.The Socialist'"party\ls
striving to give this" message "concrete
definite' expression.0    ,-f-7^'. .-" ='r."*-"'>'-
It is 'an ■ important' * message; .*-one
that you should study thoroughly, for
the Socialist movement Is^bound\Vin
the near"future to.affect.your Income
your right's-andt your standing ln the
community. - Whether advantageously
or not, you must be the Judge.'
Do' you,' endorse'^ the.- foregoing
ideas? Are you willing ^0 fight for
the emancipation of your" class? -If
so,'we invlte-yo'u to join the Socialist
party. -We need both money' and. active workers. Send your address 'to
the secretary.     "' "'.     ,;'v',' '.'• "'
We recommend ■ everyone;1'to read
Jack "London's '. powerful.; book ,'entitled "The~War'of the "Classes,"'ob-,
tainable"4 from' any;publlc; library.—N,
Y. Call.-   "-. /,*.,-' '--,'..--,-  v;
DES MOINES,-Iowa; Aug. 3iyin an
effort to break the strike of bootblacks
who' are "demanding-ten cents for a
shoe shine,-* W. 6. "Olney,- scoutmaster
of the U.S. Grant troop of Boy Scouts,
of the Fir'stMethodist. Church" of this
city; has"; promised' to send out fifty
Boy Scouts; to .take' the places of the
bootblacks^-   ' \> ,,.'%-,'       --      • \
Business-men of. the town have offered * to - supply stands 'for the"" Boy.
Scounts in. order' to' force the bootblacks to'come to their terms7 Speak-,
ing of the strike the" leader "of the
Boy Scouts said:- '    .     7
-'.'It. is an outrage that "may. he prevented or reduced to a minimum-,,,by
the timely interference', of, 'the'' Boy
Scouts.-.who are eager to demonstrate
their practical value to the "community,
I have, been 'promised^by many business men that;the boys .would-be furnished with y temporary stands j^free
from rental'; until-' the ^shoe" shining
strike cbuld.be broken.""   ,',     ■
F6r Sale
22 Acf es Fruitland
Partly-cleared and ready for
planting out. VGood>sl,ream
of pure-, water' on; property.
Easy terms. ..Address A.J.B.
District Ledger^"Fernie; B.C.,
for particulars. „   ;'
Livery^ Feed
and Sale Stables
:^y 4".
■\- siriedmund;.walker,:o.v.o., LiiD./D.au pBEsibEMT:-;
-r*-1'^?*** '-■
1.-.-v?>- aALEXANDERLAIRD, ^Generac Manager-;
capita^ 4?$ 1 a<xx),6oo:
" ^iL-?'-'.-
-". ^*
v- ?.*-.*•.;
-s- **
.. v    Australia £\   -,;'.. Egypt
, .i.-Austria-Huogaiy .Faroe IilaniU
*.&--Belgium ».*   ,'.   Finland.
^'■-'i.Braifl ;-•:,;;■;'?-,^ " ^ Formoia,.
i- AiBulgaria- -^   -v' ' Franco ',   , ":
%,;Ceylao-- *L, o ,  - 'Fr"chCochlnC
---   Cbui. '■' ' ^" ^. >* Germany      ":
China;'""'?,, A''.'.GreatBritain"
\; : .^u, la
chin China M;
First claio Hortei for 8ale.
Buys Hor«e» on Commlilon
George Barton    Phone 78
Close connection at Rex ford with mainline
Trains for Eastern points,, Great Northern
Trains and those of connection latest steel
creations of car builder's arty
No change at St Paul
Lake route from Duluth or Chicago via
exclusively passenger steamships
r i cc caiuc 11 ip to x* iagai a
. on Eastern Tickets
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie'
Phone Na 161      ,    , P. 0. Box 305
Special Saturday rate Fernie to H|lto, 85c, good rtturnlnfl; Monday
Mount Royal
Jovornmint _.
" »r hlahmM.—
p^rmltorleii  .elimir
M ■! '
Clanes dpen
fur CuUntla'
(•ft 0
one*.   . Dorm
dlnlna hat) 001
vary iittt.    «
, 7C«urM of Kndy
PT»ptr»tory,   Taaoh*
. atrljjulatlon. F     • "
Sept* 1911 jJ.JwMhwi ««•«!>«• an
.or.     Meal Joeatlon',
holanhip and oxpeH.
roomii  nr
a. W. KKlluy, jS.a„     i'rlnolpal for boya,
Matriculation,, noyaJ ifllitjiry Oollen,
      TM>hnl*al n>«,
tfufturVIna   w«nr
irvle«r two y««rt undcr-araduats
Typ^wrltlnf. ConMrvttory    of
Ion,   Fln»    Art*.
CourM, Hpaemt Qourti
Fema ,--'-, --,;'*'-Spain°.   7,^-.: .--,->,-.
:Vcr*\>^"Uii -it StfaiU"SetUem*Bto;«yr.>,-,5": J,
, Phi%pin;f Idaadc " Sweden. „-^,.r^   - -j.'^'" ,),'>i?   I
-,Portugal >,(-' .,v- if ■*.Switeeriandr !; J. j,4*;.-1-«-.-'"s''t >i~  1
,Roumama,^. ">v-H'.',-,Turkey ""■- --».Y-'--. -H? J,-s i -,
Rustia -'«:,;, 4s.*'UnitedShitea-^y.'i- V" .; •;'.«.''
- Servia- ,-".v ',, -, Uniguay-,^,- -i, -FA . V> ,'r-rf '/
        , Sian-'T.-J-.-^'Weftlnaie^'atci^.X-y, «ys
The amount of these drafts is stated in the money o£ the country where they are pay- ';'  ..'%y;.^ ,
(able ;that is they are'drawn in sterling:, francs, marksi lire, kronen/florins, yen,',^-~'f»y{p?k •
taels,-roubles, etc, as the'case may be.  This ensures that.'the;payee abroad.yrill     '•'-' "■'-"■'"
Italy r
apaa- '(s.*-
ata ^ ' ,> ;
alta-:    ;
-■'"'Mexico'   "
receive the actual amount intended, -
L, A;.8." DACK>;Manager^
And  Nothing but the:Best In Fresh
and7'VSirTol«edv-.M '-'FreshJ .and!
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry.
Etc., govto 7 -. '.-,-'., \ y y y.
SAM GRAHAM,"Manaaer..-,-.'..'->   y   .-;.  ^7'-,
PHONE. 41;
* - j  -.„■, yy yy. i.?\ -4,u > ;;j^ \? 7. ^ .-■»/ y>; »:*.
•* * * '   - A ■"*■•   ^' "   ■ - ' ^^ i-~ ,s* -  -- '^-i 'Vi*'^ *s:^3v"   ^-.*^^ v
;i - «-■'»'-■
V "''•,'" '-^ !"■*-
to yLoai^ra first:d
nessand Residehti^^
Electric 'Lighted '      .. ■ «; ,,        . y. r 8tea'm Heated'
,     . ' - - *■ -,' . , '-    .- ,,.',..
y ("    • 7.. yy "• CENTRALLY. LOCATED^.,' ■'" ■  7 ', I ,-":
thfe Waldorf: Hotel?
-    .   .'-•",'"■<,      i    - - V       , '     '     , ■   ,' v     ',- ,     >  .        ..   - f.
First ClgssAccommoddtion for Trayeliers
Hot and Cold Water,
L\ A, Mills, Manuger
90c to $3.50
J. D, Quail
P'H E "Uriivcrsai"; Food
.   Chopper chops all kinds
of food, whethermeat
or veKetables—
raw or cooked
—a» coarse
or fine as
Doea        irV YV    eMU>r'
away *
with the
of the
knife and
Buy tlie genuine "Universal.''
is   GET ONE
* and good business
stationery lo advertising**
it'a not so much the taste
of the man producing the
matter, as the consideration ot, what will < appeal
to tho pooplo he desires-
to reach, Still, you yourself will find a keen, personal satisfaction in using
Kood paper and printing.
lay we show you «*mpJet >
'sHi-y v** .*'■■
T*<4 •*» .Al'ii'f *-v:7'-';'y.-.\" -77 -7-~,'.."—>-*-''--■■' yy--
5.'- v " j-7'r- "'-''-'3
'    .- xv •
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y - .tl is* ■>-;%«
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BV    (   -       ■".      ILUlUUUllUllUUXXllll'kVllVIIUIIvvvvwvvVkullwwiiuvauuiiwi.v^vilvllViKilv
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"♦( V:-,, ."..^CORBiNrNOTES'.:'?-;- '^' «-"
..♦i,?..''^,-^; By,Warbl*er.-V-7'~-,7-, '/V^
r^-;v> '"-^^t'. -• .>7^'-7:7. •'x^
.;, (Crowded; out- last Iweek). \ri<.7 ."
t V -»A^
y^:4yX^yTha,doidaiid'f6f' coa?b<;l5£'so, great
Jy7"l ln'^CorJilnT the; "107^' -mctormffa «nnd
'ih&i-2fclaripnitthfga In .thevmliie.to-load:cofi!
^V. .Tbe-fabmouB- Western*;Le£gue' liase-
"^ bairplayer^ Jack Dwyer, Is1 now labor-
,',j'ng on;the tipple, y.' It does, not'"seem
,'" tos'agree^with.' hls7b.eaith.; > Hahg^on,
-. Jack,-that's' how we-all .start"-"Calt
-'Tlrst base!''    *y  ■'      J  -''7-
1    ^A new ent'erprlsVhas started'up"here
7 r-a secondhand furniture dealer. -Any
-,, one wishing to start in the house-keep-
•   ing line, specially new arrlvals.'apply
;k/at' J7T.;J.'b;* : 7 ,-v.\..:.„;- . ,1 ' ;„"_,
y'yThe"Bo doesn't -take tho'' corkscrew
(r^/,.-'' "down."the track anymore as*'he got on
L?--?7 t"a'ne'w dope, and sa'ys^he don't require
[f V':*J-ltl.V ' Very7'appetlzing>dope, ;-ho,.8ays;
T:f'. 7''Te'r-haps:u-no.'*;y»77y^; ^ '.:,-,' y.
'•7?   ", - Corbin is'well, supplied with""medical
p.:-', practltioner's/and.very few" of us knew
y .7 ^'. that ;there" were so1 many in camp until
'"I i(/'7.lately, when ari^emergen'cjf'caise cropp-
j'y>.*d.up/the attendance of a doctor,'and"
»''y''t/a'|nurse'.being required-for'two .days
yV"" - and two nights.- '.We are'very ple*ased
'',,-" J-ftdfleara'that1 they;brought Jthe-patient
''-';,-.[' through Buccessfully/ with -.six young
. .y,,- "ones";*and 'were' rewarded;wlth• a* dish
7'1 ?'..pt ice cream., Good luck' to "Dr." Tom
;.;,'-.':   ;and "Nurse" 'Bennle-in- the future.-'{
y; ..'- Tlie stork paid a visit,torthe"house
-;-"' "of'Sarn'Richafd^last-week.-ileavinVa
...,tr,.,*firie bouncing boy as~a;SOUYehhv Good
ly;- \Aluck, Sam,- another.'Welshman in "camp.
lyy-b-v "-.What'Oh,* Jack! jYou will-lie- beat
* -s"v   yet/'Wit'h Mary;had;ja"little,lamb'.""*.
- .People- areVgetting'so love sick, in
t'Corbin. nowadays [that: we* are- wonder-
'- ing who kissed the picture "on* the wall.
Don't" quarrel' agaln'7 y .,7. y"'"
,» A.' M.^BIackj.vth^t. Conservative" ad-
'- vance "agent,'; was1-in-camp this, week
; .* and .had- a .;jolIy7time -with a' number
;yy~of,rhisownipolitlcal color7in*the>but-
£■: rV+«c^*ir'8 Bhack... j Grog and houch were
yy ^T'llberally dlspense'dr We.hear that .when
<$-i-"•'^outside" fie\does ,a; deal} of *='the-same
...y-i,'class of.' work" forfthe coal -company.
tyX^'He: has.'captu'red "a^few-y "Stick"; toLit'.'
|^\-iy^ex,j,y6u",I'might tget'1 a7"watchf and
.y.5..V-chain 'yet.y-i.- --■ ' -77 -'*-'• ';■-' '>'';„"".'
^vri l,:^ Why .get your, hands;rough,;if .your
V_"u vj-tpn'gue'.be, smooth? " "'--Vy ' -' ''',7'.,':-
j,.;.:-'^'JThe Worthy night-hawk ls'nractising
?- T-Tj, with-the* gun *aB'-h"eshot a fine montit-
- -. y ,■ ■ ain ^.rat. ln-'.the", dark.1,*f. .This ougat ,'to
/' .-7 .prove a warning-to those miserable
-, -<0strikers-nof to prowl, about at a late
•1 -yV'houf.'-.. >j. ,-.'< --;-r   ','-.-■'   -  v
; ,',"- ,'Dennis \McCafferty; and hla-^rother
'.>'""-- were,,•visitors',up hero this -week; but
.',". on iearuihg the conditions prevailing in
.;',". v the ■' camp. quickly  made ithelr " turn
* y.,y.around.7 ■ '.    '-,■-,    -' '','/' '
y .]-.   Jack Stewart has':dropped-off the
*<\V"*   yard ^waggon and, took, to" the bush
7-iy-,^for more exercise. 7 u-,-.   y   ..- 'f
{-.%'■<•}'; Wo were sorry to learn of Nat'Evans
;y-i -"- being,called away'sudenly.to see-,his
H,*7 *   brother, who was seriously injured at
'itogiha, , Later Information-, received
to the effect that-death, had .overtaken
tho. unfortunato man .before Nat reach-
't«d-hlm., 7   ,.   ■;   '?. .'•   "   .'  - . '
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦'* ♦ ♦ ♦ <fr
♦   ♦
♦ CROWS NEST N0TE8        ♦
♦ V-''Troutbeck" ♦
, (Crowded out from last wtek)
J noyeo left Crow's Nost otj Tuesdny
to follW his profession at Blolrmor<:.
Good luck,-Jack,    ,
Mlns Mngglo Law In vUithg her
parents at Coal Crook     '
-   Miss Etliel Kent, of Fornlo Is filling
her place during hotyvacation
Miss Twoody'nnd Miss Taylor ae«
«ompanlod by MosBrs Twoody and Taylor, spent Wednesday at Crow's Noit
nnd district' Aflor vlowlng ' Andy
Good's wild boast show thoy journey-
«d to tho lakes, vlowlng tho cavo, tho
main source of tbo Qld Man Elver
Aftor lunch thoy took a drive over tlio
mountains to Ooloman 'At Coloman
thoy took tlio oast-bound passenger
to Cowloy, lining ipont an;onjoynblo
trip. Wo bollove this lsonly a preliminary trip tOvCrow's Nest, and wo hopn
to s«o thorn niinln At some futura dnto.
The work on tho 0. P, R, boardlnst
liouso Is noarlng completion, tho wor'-c
Is a groat, credit to Pan McCroa nnd
Ills gang.
Crow's Nest Football Toam will bo
short of, flomo 6f tholr best playeri,
as thoy bolong to   Dan's.crew, who
ii w|U 60 moving in tho near Mum -
Aii'mr to&gatt, wiivi has on tiw3 »<uk
list, last w«ok Is around again    Ho
•ays ho never felt be«»w in hit life
W Wlimot, district chlof flro warden,
• was hero on Tuosday.   On Wodnomlay
,   do y»un«>}«iu to itie Ctown Com ana
Coke Go's property.
,,   Wo hsven't boon troublod with fines
'this year, so far, snd w« hope It will
tionUnu* to.
Prsnk Brady, Is acting aient st
: th# d*pot dnrfnf th* *hm\<* of 18.
,   W. Bromloy    Frank seems to bo »
fwxl *msn st th* Job
Dsddy Sbesr, the well known uddl-
«r of Wsstom Albsrts. Is at Crow's
N««t doing nsossssry work la f>ls lln*
for A Good
Mr tnd Mrs Ow«n wA fsstltf left
on TiMtMsy svAnlnff tar thstf )um*
:. sU«4 Ib Tompkla, BsilutcUwtn  W«
wls&'t'iMiitt'«vsnr sucosst    ^
♦:♦ '♦;,♦ •♦:! ♦. ♦*. ♦'♦*♦. "♦•'♦*;,♦
; V, '      • -"- ?£. .«7-' ,:!'-'-f,.\'',"«'--vK' ^ ""V-V"
.   Last Saturdaypwas pay-day. iip-*here
f orxthe "monthly-miBn.""-" A 'special train
was riinUo'aridvfrom Fernie, of which
'a,-god,d^man'y-"famiHes- took" advantage
to visit the, various "shows in tpwn.y.y"
'^-Mr'"and'~Mrs;' James Flnlayson."- and
family, of Frank; were.visiting, Mr and
Mrs.,H Brown-up here last Sunday ^',-
yjack McAlpine was taking the sights
of .Calgary-last*week'-*6ndi5'.l":''"';^;'\~.
'  James Langdon and party, arrived in
from; the" Trltes • Wood^Company; coal
properties last Fridayp'*   ■      ■', ' ™ _".
y.jUr. and;Mrs-James Maddison were
spending last "week-end with" Mr and
Mrs Steve'Lawson at Hosmer |     "' X
;..'Mr B-H- Bold'er^pn was .visiting his
Family, at-Lethbrldge last Sunday      -
Mr, .Harry'-Latham >was'■ visiting
friends, in1 Michel Labor-Day-    J -
;'Mr, and-"Mrs ^Herbert .Lahfear left
hereyJa8t Saturday morning to visit
their. ;ranch in Gateway,-, Montana, to-
turning;Kome"on Monday   ',    •/_■
I' MriA^W Courtney,;of. Hosmer,"?was
visiting "his Mother, MrsTLangdon,-up
here last- Saturday"-,Prior "to his;de-"
part'ure f05 Princeton, ■> where he, has
got "a better. Job"1 'Mrs' Courtney'j^and
family' arrived up'here on Wednesday
and^wlll stayj'till Ted gets their new
home fixed'up -   .-"•'.,-.'
LyMr/'.and".Mrs: Jos ,Worthington*'and
twp-.'.sonS; were visiting, iheir  many"
friends in Michel la^t,, week-end y^";
."..'.Tfie'riew school teacher for the' in-
fant, department arrived^ up here on
Wednesday, coming from Winnipeg;,
*;Wm Partridge'drove" up here from
Efosmer last -Tuesday""-; ,5     7   -
'• This is the?team,that will try conclusions with Michel,at Coleman' on
Saturday:.- Thbs'Barnes (Capt), goal;
P;Hesketh"-and, Thbs Oakley, backs;
J;'Miils,lW-Parnell'and" Jos Ban- halves; * Geo'Booth',- W'Pilkington, Ben
'Sinlthjj.W' McFegari, -and^A* Hartweli,"
forwards;-'reserve:;R-Johnson., Down
they .will.have to go'thisJime!  ;,.'"'
.-■•■■-.-,.^-.-. :-■ \h-'W"-\    -•--•«..„ „
-v   o'brien—alexander • - \ .
7- LaBt;Monday^morning;a' yery-.qulet
bedding took place In the.R. C." Church
Fernie,: the/contracting;-parties" being
Mr.7 George; O'Brien.y and". Mrs.1 \ Sadie
the-Pass* and "very popular.,-^ Mr and
Mrs:" P.-'Mulgrew. were,.the'only'ones
present, the'ceremony being conducted
by Father Michels,'-' of \Fernle,' after
.w^lch the-happy couple drove -'up '>t>
Coal'Creek**!  -In1 the'1 evening a" social
was.given.'in the Coal Creek Hall,- wh'eir
dancing and "singing waB',indulged in
by .about;,; eighty guests up till;eleven
thirty, when a bee lino was made  for
tho Tepee Boarding House where supper had been provided,,, ,The dining
room was very nicely'decorated with
flowers and rlbbons.etc, and the tallies loaded .with good things to all. of
which Justice,was done by the guests.
Mr. and Mr's.'Falrciough deserve every
praise for the splendid supper provided. .Aftor supper*dancing was resum-
ed until 3 a.m.'i-wben one of the most
enjoyable "parties broke up «wlth the
strains of "He's a Jolly Good Fellow,'
and best'of wishes' for tho brldo, and
bridegroom, "Muslcwas supplied ;by
Ramsey'B Orchestra. , The- following. Ib
a list of some of the beautiful and useful presents received:/
Mr. and Mrs, Vance—Cut glass fruit
bowl. >     -i' ■ '-    -  '    ' , ■
.  Mr and Mrs J. E. Smith—Cheeso
dish. ' "    '
, Mr and Mrs. Dooley—Silver Cako
Dish. .  • ''
A Mr nnd Mrs. Hughes—Sllvor Blsoult
Dish"/ ,; ,", \
- Mr and Mrs. Gibson—Sliver Cruot. /
.Mr and Mrs, Powell—Silver.-'bread
plato.'       ,      .    * '
~Mr and Mrs Vlckers — Two 1 glass
fruit dishes ■'
,  Mr and Mrs, Hnjrior—Sllvor fern Jardiniere, ' ' •
■Mr and Mrs Heskoth—Silver butter
dish. \ ' ,     -
Or and Mrs. Workman—Cut   glass
salt dished, ,
Miss Hilda Bennett—Dnttonburg con*
tro ploco,
Mr. W, T Bonnott, Jr—Marmnlado
Master J Gibson—Sllvor butter knlfo
Mr and Mrs J Gray—Hand-painted
sofa cushion.
J Bgftlaibaw—Tapostry Sofa Cushion. ,   >
Mr and Mrs Vanmlll—Pair of sllvor
napkin rings;
■ Mr. G. El Ollvor-^Sllvor cold mont
fork    ,
Mr nnd Mrs J Mnddlson—Sllvor plo
knife   '
Mr «uii Air* H ocoi'fciu—ftut o( toii«t,
luula alii ArciiMi- smut
♦ * ♦•'♦^''^♦f-lty"^
.  " ■ • - -.-I-
By '«Kritik.',ryy(l..
. .            .      *-,.,-.■,.-   j*   'fix    -
"Our'Letter Box''
* <+ ^- > #."♦-♦ ^- ♦.♦';♦ ♦ +>
y'".:•" -• *'...,-'" .,-\-.,y .>v"-y v
-. Mrs Miller and ^sister .(Miss McElvie
of Frank)'spent .a few days-; visiting
Mr and- Mrs John Wylie. '*>'■ y i.'.;
. Steward Fletcherleft fo'r-.Torohto" on
Saturday, where he will-attend school.
Miss,Sybil McMeekin-is spending a
few weeks.s visiting friends ln PIncher
Creek. ^    '"- -..<.-   '  »":.:'-."'   •'''■"•■
' Born to Mr" :andJMrs.;Beattle Mills,
a huge boy, on Tuesday.-;. ;"„ />
"'■ Mr,and,, Mrs. Ernie, Hall,, of Cran-
.brook,""are" visiting Mrs J Hall's* sisters,
Mrs: Robinson and Mrs.; Leadbeater.'
TiMrs Jondreau, of Fernie, visited her
slBter,' Mrs. Frank Lavelle, on Monday.
yMr and.Mrs.. Slater,-Btarbedtfor P%
cher Creek on Thursday,, accompanied
by-Mr. and Mrs. Fred Pelietler in„thelr
automobile: " '..They haye taken their
.daughter,-Nina,'to schioorthere. -: V~>-
- Gourlay's;Indian was.badly injured
this";week by a tree falling on him
wljile logging at Camp No. 3;< "He* had
his,hip.broken^and was taken to the
hospital where he Is getting on nicely.
-A v foreigner was. brought *"in from
Camp, 8 on' Tuesday injured' by- being
kicked on'the head-by a-horse while
he' was cleaning the horse's feet. \"".
;-'Mr Ay.Courtnay left on Monday for
Princeton,'B.-C.,,where;he has secured
^'position; after-three.-ySars'residence
in-Hosine^r.- . His-^mariy friends are
very sorry "to"see-1 him'go and crowds
gathered at .the station to bid him good
bye/and God speed.-. 'Mrs'Courtenay
and children*, will spend a -few weeks
with friends in Coal- Creek before joining Mr :C..-VAll".join in.hearty good
wishes for their success in' their new
home." ','-'" 7',yL' ['^, ' '.
, Mr D." J- Thompson left on, Friday
for,"yancouve,r,7.Victoria ,and .Seattle.
He.will spend^a^month holidaying.0
Frank Lithauser bid good-bye to Hosmer 7on>Tuesday' and-will make his
home'in'Montana.1-"-^,,-"-'" .-    " -  --
-"The'dance^held In the Opera House
on Monday nighttyas.a.very enjoyable
affatrlthe young folks turning out* ln
,crowds and-all-wentln fof.a good time
untir-^o.-'^ yyyyy * ' *   *
;, v Mrs.'1? Dixon,- of - Winnipeg, who has
been,visiting'.her;sister,-.Mrs. Marlatt,
returned to her home on Wednesday.
7'MrSj Cole, .'of'-Camp No. 8, spent1;a
^ewj.days in town this preek.   »N"
-. Born to-Mr and -Mrs. Jack Granr.,
on Wednesday,' Sept. C,' a" son.
,  Mr. Archie'Farquharson, of.Feraie,
drove Into .town on, Thursday  ,
r.Mrs. DIgby visited her daughter, Mrs
A. ,Mathlenon, on Thursday.
•Mrs. Black, of Wardner, Ib visiting
Mrs1 Jack Grant this week.'
Tho District Ledger accepts no responsibility for the views expressed by its correspondents. Communications will bo inserted
whether signed by tho real nnmo. of tho
.-writer,or a nom do plume, but tho writer's'
namo and address must bo riven to tho.
Editor as ovidenooof good faith. In no caso
will it be divulged without consent.    ->
SOME SUGGESTIONS.. ; ,, ' ; ,v
To the Editor, District Ledger:—
'   Dear'Sir,—We.* are now-into
■ LONDON,-Eng.—A general strike of
the South Wales coal miners has boon
averted, through the influence, of Rt.
Hon. Wm, Bmmott, member of'parliament, for.,the -Rhondda division of
Glamorganshire, and also president of
the South .WaloB- Minors' Federation.
Tbe question of n minimum wage scale
as it affects miners employed under
abnormal conditions 'which provonts
the earning of a living wago scalo,
will bo discussed at a mooting In tho
near future, tl Ib belloved that-on
tho result of the conforonco will depend whether a general striko ot tho
British miners will be called or not,
♦ ♦♦♦♦*•>♦♦♦■
vn^t*  *•**
This momlns; » bosrd wss orsctol
nosr W. f. Llttls's enclosure, st Iho
tnln« «nd of. tho gor^rnment bridge
spsnnlnir fh* Wow, giving noff<^ ths«
"trespassers on this property will be
pweoMiM." V. Is not «l«itr irh^th<»r
tbU refens to the endo**i plooe ot
gronnd sforemenlloned or the mine
This net wis followed by the serv.
(sip el Bailees te «r»U en nen who
wooM net relnrn fe w*»rV.
tbe urn are allowed thirty dsys to
'' This wook wo rocolvod n vory IntoV
eutlng brochure entitled "Animal Sanctuaries In Lnbrador," Issued'by the
Commission of Conservation of Canada.
This address was dollvorod. before
tho above-named by Ltout Col. William
Wood, F.R.8.C, of CO Grand Alloo,
Tho colonol makes a vory strong appeal for tlio protection of tho denlzons
of tho rock rlbbod northland to which
ovory nature Jovor will most honrllly
say Hoar! Hearl and yot whllo concurring in tho opinions expressed on
behalf of the dumb creatures   'tho
thought obtrudes Itsolf upon us how
pocullar must be the niontal structure
of an individual whose advocacy on behalf of tho lower order of animals is
nddrossod by his follows as "Colonel."
This tltlo presupposes that given tho
opportunity he would look upon legalised murder of his fellow beings as a
mere matter of courso wore It destgnat-
«sii by Um.lenu "War."     Not only
should wild life be. protected and con-
sorted, but likewise tbe wanton kilting of tfa,o human species either by
I bloody'warfaro engaged in for con-
- nufcM. or in* slower tout none tho less
relentless sscrlflces demsnded by our
Insane system of administering to the
needs ot society.   Let us h&ye censer-
vstlon by all means, not only the,conservation of the wild anlnsls,, so es-
senf isl tn the needs of soofoty, not only
timber snd cos! resources, but let ns
; <to sll' that we can to build ub letter
types of men tad women, to accomplish whlcb we must first find out the
CAUSB end then remove It.   And that
bssle Cease we msintsln Is tbe Profit
System, rtpUtteg which by tbe Co
sixth month of vtho cessation of mining operations of this district, and the
outlook, as regards a settlement of the
dispute,.seems as"far off as ever,   As
the matter of a settlement is* of vital
importance .'to the mining "community
in particular,'., and  to the • Public in
general,' one feels' justified in discussing with the best, possible intentions,
this very important matter? ■ One may
be pardoned for .offering some suggestions tending towards a basis of settlement,  without {being thought weak-
kneed by the one: party,- or. being accused of impertinent interference by
the other. /For, if one suggests anything he is sure to.be accused of.nearly :every^ crime in-the (mining)  calendar;'yet,' I hold that if one witholds
any ' workable suggestions which  he
may^ possess, that man is not doing
his'- best for--.the community to which
he telbngs.'    Fu'ly realizing ths.dif-
flcultieSi'^ye, 'even 'dangers, "of   t lie
task,before me,,' offer these suhk'-"1' |
ti.in.'t^for.whatahey are worth, to both
pii ties, to .'the dispute, to be acoepla]
or rejected,- amendad, enlarged'or cut4,
tolled,"as'each parry may Fee fit." Tcs
a-student ofUhe.sitiatioi)   out. of loll
. tli-- questions4,at Isjuo, there seems.to
&t'.n'l-out  two .main   points,   which,
seem to be .tie stumbling blocks.to
a settlement.'  .'These are, the Open or
Closed Shop and. the Wages question.
With regard .to' the first question, and
without- going>into a detailed discussion of. the" merits' or demerits of the
question,: a'glance at the attitude of
both parties1 to" the dispute, may not
be *amlssy- The,- attitude of the mine-
workers" has,-In my opinion, been very
clearly defined.by their District. Ejce-'
says that-they"will not, by any means,
COMPEL'.s a\ worker to be. in. their
union, but' reserve5 to themselves the
right to {try: and .PERSUADE him to
become.-a member so that the worker
may be'enabled "to protect his own
interestsr.'j.Could'-any definition- be
more explicit than" this? * If "the opera-
tors^form.themselves.into,an' association'to collectively protect each other's
Interests^ do they then deny tbe same
right to the. workers?    If so, 13 this
a logical attitude to adopt?  ' Yet this
seems to be the only construction that
one can put upon their action on this
question'.     If the. Operators wish, to
deny the. recognition of the workers
union, lot them come out In the'opon
and eay so. ^  As the nlneworkovsf
through   tholr*  District   Board   have
openly declared themselvcB , on   tills |
matter, then nothing remains but for
wo Operators' Association to as openly
define the' Open Shop for which thoy
wero bo clamorous.    As to the wages
question, somo of the following suggestions may bo found useful by both
parties,"but .whother they adopt thorn
or,not Ib tholr own affair.'
1. That the day wago scale to Increased as follows, 12%'por cent advance on all wages under $2.60 per
day: 10 por cent advance on wages
from ta.GOto $3.00, both Inclusive;
8 por cent advance from (3.00 to $3,50,
tho lattor inclusive. 5 per cont advance
on wages above $.50, -
- (a) That skilled underground labor,
such ob shotllghters, head tlmbormon,
head .brattlcomen, head, tracklayers,
and other bonds of districts bo Increased* from present rate of $3.00 to
$3,267 nnd to take ratio ot advance
from latter' rate.
(b) That all mines be divided Into
districts, not necessarily wholo ventilating districts, but, say, hnulago districts, such division ot mines Into districts lo be mado, say by mutual arrangement botwoon tho management
of tho mine concerned on tho ono hnnd
nnd tho Fit- Commlttoo of tho mlno
concerned on tho other hnnd, or such
othor authority mutually ngrood upon
by the operators and the District
(el That tho minors ot each nnd
every such district, adopt "tho "cabling" system—I. 0., the-.changing ot
places periodically, tho (totalis of such
system to be loft to iho mine manage-
mt'iftl enu tlie miners. Uy the sdop-
huu at llh, ^/." MuHilM i>)ilx>m, iLm
Iniquitous "make-up" system at present In vogue In some mines ef the district wo'uld bo ovontually abolished,
for if the district consisted of a minor!-
woutd. of course, be worked la turn
by other minors. "
(d) Dut If sny such district consists wholly, or mainly, of "nuke-up"
plsoss (not classed ss wet pieces)
th<»n the minors fn em»ft an<| every
place In such district woutd be classed
under <he sub-head («) of this clause.
2. An sdvsnoe of 5 per cent on tbe
eontrset rates st Mlrbel, Lethbrldge
snd Canmore, sad sn advene* of 11-5
per cent e» tbe contract rates at nil
oiler mines.
-^'(4)"' iX differential of 0 to 5 ,cents
per. ton "in'all pillars, the application
tb.be oft the-f olio wing or similar lines:
Mines-or*,,districts of mines to be
classified:into say, five or more classes, "ranging from (Class 1} a hard.yhin
or extra"'.tbickyflat,'or-up to say 50
pitching seam, .using no explosives, to
say a ,45 degree or. 50 degree, ror more,
pitching«seam using explosives, the
later belng.in CIass-5. ...
■-, (a),'A differential (as from contract
rates for . "pillar ; and'"stall") = in all
"longwaU" work of O'to 5 per cent, the
application lo be on "somewhat similar
lines as1 above. ■
5. That the payment for sets of
timber to "be made uniform, say at so
many cents per running feet, variable
according to diameter of timbers used,
and that single prop's, as in "longway"
work and "pillar" work, set or withdrawn? be paid for as above, or by^ a
mutually agree upon addition to the
tonnage rate, variable according to the
thickness of the seam.       '   y*
6 In the event of a settlement being
reached,,that the agreed.upon provls
ions of such settlement be given a
thorough trial of one year"; each party
using every endeavor ' (and" giving
every facility to the other :paity)' to
obtain all necessary data to lay before
a Government Commission of' Tnq'ulry,
said < commission', to -, consist of say,
three, operators arid their'commissioner,-'selected by, the Operators'' Asso
elation, arid an-.equal number of min
ers representatives, and their commissioner,, selected by the mineworkers,
and say six of the,General Public "of
j Fernie Dairy
,,    FRESH  MILlt
delivered    to,^ all
-*' -,
parts of the town
Sanders & Verhaest .Brothers.
Bar-supplied with the best Wines,
Liquors and Cigars,.
. Prop
Cigar Store
the district (these latter not directly
or-indirectly concerned in mining op
erations,-nor holding sharesr.in" coal
mining ventures) appointed by the
Dominion Minister of Labor; subject to
approval by both parties, and an independent chairman (preferably some
Professor of Economy or Equity) also
appointed .by the Minister of- Labor.
The cost of such commission of inquiry
to be borne by. the Dominion Government, or by the Dominion Government,
operators_arid District Board, probata.
Said commission'to meet "at least one
calendar; month prior to the expiration
of one year 'from the renewal of operations,- ".'7y. '£'■•' ■
"yTh'elduty. os^ald commission1 to, con-
oKall'or any inequalities of any nature
that may exist, or ■ may have existed,
and to offer suggestions with.a view
to. a- remedy.thereof, .and .these suggestions ;or-decisions to- go back to
the operators arid^ mineworkers, as
ttio case may be,'for ratification "or rejection '(by, referendum vote'where the
mineworkers are concerned) not,later)
If, possible,, than one calendar month
after the expiration of the year.,' In
the- meantime^mining operations-shall
not - be suspended, until after such
referendum vote has been taken and
declared., and, not even then unless
deemed ' absolutely necessary. Such
action as (above,' If .found suitable,
could be-taken periodically, Bay yearly or, bi-yearly, and would eliminate
all cessations' of operations.
(1) Would suggost that Immediately operations are renewed, District 18
appoint a Commissioner, such appointment to be by ballot vote of whole of
District- such commissioner to act
conformably -with or, If necessary, Independently of, the District Board. Tho
District to pray Dominion Government
to grant to such Commissioner the
powers of an Inspector under the Coal
Mines Regulation Act, as far as access
to mines Is concerned for purposes of
Investigation ot all Inequalities.
Tbe above suggestions aro all eminently fair and practical, and aro part
of tho result of six years of hard study
of the conditions of this district, nnd
not the result ot nbout six wooks of
superficial obBorvntlon, and whllo I
may bo neeuuod of usurping the. functions of tho District Bonn!, yet I have
acted on thlB principle "Movement, In
tho right direction, howevor slow, is
better than Inactivity."
G pieman
/W.;H. Murr   5   Prop..
. Wholesale and Retail
VBarber Shop
-    ,    Baths "     . *
"Shoe Shine M
Bowling Aiieys
Billiards and Pool
Cofiee arid Sandwich
,.  > ■  Counter
Hazelwnod Buttermilk y
Victoria Avenue
,FERNIE,B.C.y • Phone 34
■ y
T. W. Davies
;, and
.   , r\
' t<T\r.\i*-r Mbi3
Aorent   Vernie   Branch
Pellatt   Ave.    North
Fire is Often
negligence. And who Is there
that is not negligent at times?
Would you havo tho work- of a
lifetime lost ln a few minutes.
Why Not Insure
and then the loss-of your tre*-;
euros is made good as far as '
mono}' is able to replace a loss.
Inquire ot ub for terms.
Insurance    Real Estate
»1 ... -?A\
- w 1 - ■i\,ls''V'
" ,    7 '•>■"'
1  - : .'!,<
i1   > '
7 Ky^^£
Ledger Ads Pay
Printer's ink
When uied on good presses snd
neatly displayed type (or your station*
ery u valuable. . We hw every
fscility for doing the brst ot job wotlt.
snd st s minimum price.
,      Michel. II. C.
Drothor   Fire   IIoshob—This Is the
time for us to show whero wo stand.
The fight, between the operator* and
the tnlnoworhors la on to a finish. We
are first miners boforo wo are flro
bosses.    Shall wo allow our own follow workers, some of them our own
flesh and blood, to bo crushed to a
worse stntnand refuse to glvo a IjClpInK
hnnd?  ' \M us.show tho samo manly
gpli'lt that tho flro bosses at llanlc-
hood have dono,     One of thorn, nn
old man 60 years of age, when asked
to uu the company* duty work said
".Vol I may not have m*ny years to
live, but I have been « union nun aft
my life and will tnko my lamp with my
brothers when they go back, but play
tti« »c»b — not lor nil the lire boss
jobs on the top of this earth!"
It In quite true that we do' not get
sny support from the union, nor do we
get sny from the company; we earn
wtiry cent that they pay us, bwt how
m.ifiy of us wmifd1 litre ta work with tn-
cspsble men? Our Job, st the best,
fs on? of danger*, but with Incxpcrl-
(mcedi workers It will be still worse.
1*1 us trust one another a bit mere.
Play tbe game fairly snd not be under
hsnded. Wbst happens If we try to
w**»li!*!    Ei"** If '** compari!** let
AfwrsHw* CwimenwvwKh swells the W-     W   *» »<»>*•""?■* **f «•* «t titto *» enjnntae snrf th*r mntinc* ttt smssk
medy to lbs wajor portion of tbe evtlsiMlne so ss to sssU the rate proper- <
to-dar erlsllng throughout the world.'tlonste to the else ot the seen. j
(Continued on page S)
New Michel
& Blairmore -■*?.-'.
• :-V
THE DISmiOT ledgeb; fernie, B. C; SEPTEMBEE-9,19li.
- Conditional Necessary- 7
v 'yyy-y'- " -f„ 'vy
' Toy Sustains a "^Dust \'
, 7 Explosion
. ~»  - - -
In a" letter published in the, July is-
.- sue of Mines'and*Minerals', Mr: C. M.
Young, Associate Professor, of Mimug
, -Engineering, University of Kansas."ex-'
pressed' the .belief that certain- errors
• of fact were" contained in the article
„on "Coal Dust Explosions" "which appeared in' the -May number of Mines
nnd^Minerals) e'rrGrs which'he thinks
-should not be allowed to go without
some correction,     '"',      *      -7   "'-
' i" Mr. Young believes it to be"an error
to accept the conclusion that the man-
' ner and amount of the air supply constitute the paramount factor in adust
explosion*..', >iHe also considers as'in-
sufficient the data submitted to sus-
'" tain the» conclusion that the dust? is
Injected Into the flame by a strong air
draft .directed toward the, advancing
' explosion, and he states what ho assumes to be the facts as follows:
"1 wish to emphasize the statement
that the conditions necesssary for an
explosion are, first, an explosive dust;
second, the suspension of a' sufficient
quantity of explosivcness depends largely upon* the quantity of air present,
-lies in the fact that in most cases
there  is  too  little  dust' present .to
' be explosive. -, In other words the air
Isgreatly ln excess of the required amount. The dust'present does \not
furnish sufficient heat for "sustained
; combustion; therefore, 'there is no
explosion. > It is only when" considerable quantities of dust are suspended
In the air-and> when this dusJtls of
readily combustible character that an
explosion occurs. I wish to take issue with the conclusion that the quantity of^ air. rather than the quantity of
. the dust' is really- the measure of the
" magnitude of an explosion.' - v
Professor Young's criticism is welcome because it directs *. attention1 to
that phase of dust explosions which so
far has had. but ■ little attention and
.;"that must be cleared up before the
^ final solution of the* problem can be
reached.    Mr. Young, objects to Haas'
yconclusion, quoted by. me, that, "the
7 quantity of air'rather-than'the quantity
of dust or coal is really the measure
'.'of -the .magnitude ;of an -explosion."
The conclusion isbased upon the fact,
? as stated by-Haas, that air is a-neces-
-sary element for- an explosion;- and
that coal' "and coal- dust"-are- always
in excess of the anjount of gas- that
. could be given-off is incalculable/Jjig.
in' giving; the "result' of his investigations of this';explosion; .stated that
while under the ;extremely, favorable
conditions named-the explosion • was
one of the most violent on* record, it
would haye been more destructive "had
there been sufficient'air to^ support
combustion," in which ."case the-almost
er-.and£;;more. extensive mines' with
the surface .'and "in* consequence" draft
facilities, In 'these ? mines ' to promote"
and  sustain? cdmbusiion-^ere "of-; a"
-,,. ..-..,_.., .s    --   -. •     ..  ,••» i
very^high^ordciy yet Professor Payne
longer"^air-courses','"^perhaps ' more or
les's^obstructied by '.falls or otherwise',-
following .examples will'- tend to show
the correctness', of the ^conclusion.
There were no better ventilated mines
anywhere" than the Monogah mines, at
the time of the explosion; they were
provided with a rather unusual, num*'
ber.of openings connecting them with
incredible, pressureTof 2i;60lT pounds" *k? amount ?$'air BUPP*y and the draft'
per square foot would" have been reach- facilities' were insufficient for'that pur-
|.pose?y .' , •/ - ■ y ■■ -",
7" Dust,explosions have, originated in
the interior of extensive' mines", but
in every Instance'where this.occurred,
it .'was. found that the mine afflicted
.was provided - with an ■* exceptionally
large air supply ',.and* with"superior
draft promoting'facilities. - ' , .- ;
As Mr. Young .questions the sufficiency, of the data given ln tho article
tending to prove- that the dust is, injected into the flame, by "an air' draft
of greater or less force traveling opposite to - an explosion's advance. I
shall submit "supplementary evidence
that may be more convincing. - There
can be' no better, evidence regarding
this matter than the • testimony,- of
men who were "caught ln explosions,
observed what occurred and;*escaped
to give their experience. It will; be
noted; that ;although these-men .'were
in mines far apart, unlike inTcbndltions
their evidence regarding.air.and .heat
movements is exactly the same./? Iri
the'article'reviewing the second Lick
Branch explosion, I mentioned the "testimony "of .Mine Foreman' Bowers' relative to an;inrush of cold "air ot great
forpe" followed immediately by an out-
rush, of flame and hot gases from the
Inside.-; After the;Cokedale"explosion
"the, two survivors' testified that they
first' felt; a "rush of cool air in the
face which-blew'out their lights-and
which ..was", instantly followed by a hot
Blast from Insidewhlch knocked them
down." " Last February.'a smail explosion-occurred" in _an-Iowa* mine. The
shot firer,la cool-.headed and experienced "man/felt'the initial shock ^and
threw himself-on the floor.. He saw
the' flame, -confined to-the upper part
(of the entry;'coming toward him and at
the same"time'felt an inrush-of air behind him', that' was strong "enough' to
pick him up bodily from,the.floor arid
hurl him" some distance toward the advancing flame. ' He was severely burned -but' made"- his escape. • .. ,
The* testimony "of these, men shows,
IheJ.Tobable—method—of— air—su"»
ply, to^ustain'combustion-during an
explosion's* progress, second/the possible Intensity'of;,draft directed toward
the advancing explosion, andthlrd, the
probable-manner in which the dust is
coriyeyed7to and injected' ;into the"
flame. ,   "        .       . '      » £
ed with,a temperature of 4,683-degrees
F." "7- V . * '' ,." ,-\ •T""' "7-"7
JPeckhara and Peck in.Hheir.experiments' with'.-inflammable . dust*' found
that the making of holes in the testing box, through which" "the air "could
enter, "in all cases increased'the force
of the explosion in the-box. ~, ■ '
„ To show the opposite effect, I'refer
to the Illinois Mine Inspectors'Report
regarding'the dust"explosion several
years ago in Mine IS of the Dering'Coal
Co. After the main explosion, secondary explosions occurred at intervals of
about 2 hours, but they ceased as soon
as the fresh air supply and "draft
was prevented from reaching the fire
by the sealing of the shafts.'
-- .If Mr.~Young's emphatic -conclusion
lStCorrect that the only conditions necessary for an explosion are, first,' an
explosive dust; second, the suspension
of a-sufficient quantity of-It In the
air, the danger from dust explosions
should increase with, a mine's ..extent
for it may be reasonably assumed that
the longer a. mine is worked and the
more extensive it becomes, the greater
the total dust accumulation m it and
the better the chances "for. its suspension inv large* quantities, but the
Kansas mine .inspector's reports show
that the older and, more extensive
mines hi that state were, fairly immune from dust "explosion's, although
such" explosions may have occurred
in them while they were* new, and the
reports further show that .these explosions have been confined almost entirely, to new mines. Kansas is not
the only coal mining .state where this
was found to be the case. It is a fact
of general ..application. ■ Tn Iowa,-* for
instance,,the record of the last"-".35
years that'in all the mines,'in-'which
explosions' occurred' while, they .were
new, the'danger from their, reoccurrence ■ decreased with the increase .of
the''distance from the mineyopenings
to the working faces-and'wlth no per-
c<n)tib]e-material fftangft' in;"nth<>r.'r,mi. I firaf
ditions. 7, How is this, fact lo ..be rea-"
sonably explained-If not4by ;the* logical
conclusion that the "greator.'and more
readily available" air'"supply, and. the
better draft facilities in the/new-mines
promoted and ' sustained "combustion
with explosive results, while In the old-
NOTE;   All nomination! should be filed with the Dist. Scc.-Trcn'i. not later than September 26th, 1911-	
District No. IS ^7 '
United Mine Workers
of America- 77, ■;,>'
|o/ DISTRICT ]||
l+i'V Ho 10/57
A,, J. CARTER, Sooretary-Treasurer, DiBtrict 18, U. M. W. of A., Fernie B. 0. ','
,   You nro lioreby notified that Local No j ....".'....' located
, *" '   ' ''■.,,
at ; • • • •"• '' • ■ • 'has mado ■ tho  following   nominations  for  District
Officers for the term beginning January 1st, 1912, in accordance with  Article   G ' of 'iho - District
Constitution: '   ''   "
i       ■ ■   '■        «
' ' POR  PRESIDENT;,   **'',,''-
(Each Local Union may nominato ono person) , , >  . "
Nftmo- •  .', i Address.
(Kneli Local Union maj nominato ono person)
Name AddreHs.
(Knoli Local Union nmy nominate ono person)
(Each Locnl Union may nominate ono person)
N«™ ■ AddrosH.
(Each Locnl Union winy nominate "Ono person in cnali1 RulnDintricO
T ..
,1  T1..1...   \T
...Professor Young admits the "necessity, of"; extremely rapld>°comb*us'tl'on
of, the duat to" produce .explosive':1^fe-
suits, but he."-rejects the natural' process by wnich,thls can be* accomplished, for hoiexpresses his; einphatjc tie-
lief, that the rate' of combustion is not
determined by the" amount of airWd'
draft-supplied-arid'that therefore the
law's -'governing; combustion"have' no
application in n* dust explosion'. - Un-
Ul the proof- of, this is furnished It
may be well to.'stlll continue toWcept
as,- true, Haas', 'conclusion , that - "the
quantity*of air. rather than the' quantity > of dust or ■•coal Is really the^mea;
sure of the .'magnitude _of v an;. ei'plo^
sion.!? — John. Verrief.slnlMines" and
Minerals."'    .7"J..''--'--' '. ' 77,7"'x-"^
...-, .''•;':";WAY-OF,MINING COAL
To the.EditorioMherSclentific American:— '*.'''. -'y. y,'- /y ~:
Dr. Holmes's article upon the conseri
vatlbn of .the.coarresources was highly 'interesting,- and" from, the viewpoint
of the\scientist leaves nothing to be desired. .'Ikwas^to'my mind, the distinctive-feature; of your issue- of Aug.
12th,'191l7y Wlttf your permission', I
would like Jo .state" a mere, layman's
"side of "coal conservation; ' ", '-., '7-
-. Toi. clearly *" convey my meaning ; -I
willruse"rtwo- mines about 900 miles
apart." The'.BIossb'urg, Pa., coalfregion
has seven"'.y£Inst of ;coal. Now :*note
the differehcevDetween 'mining*./sys'-'1
." The lower" drift fat Arnot,,Pa.,\.has
been workedHsi?ice*';'i866. There ;Ws'
seldonvless..than;800 miners employed
in * iy " •= The : workings extend '' over^
23,000 acres and°96 per cent of the coal
is "take'n: fronf^he" workings,
forty-five years^the^, mine has been
worked;but-six-";men,have lost' their,
lives' wMle**diggingVcoal, and an'a'cci-'
dent'iis'"a»'very2rare*qccurence.it, -That
I term the^correctmethod of working
n-fvinl- mtno' ■;'v'*s-'Jw     "—:   ,' -, . i>
a-coal- mine. -,;*v^sp"
In < Sullivan, ('fcdlana,':' a
has tieen'. worked','" seventeen
coal mine
About 150 "miners':are'employed. The
workings'* extend over*.'600 acres. An
ov.-'cge'of seven inv.rhavy l>«en_kii:rcl
In "It each yeaf.'.while^ accidents are'of
almostr.daily.occurrencoX ^ That I call
incorrect method, for lejj'ttinn 60 per
cent'of ,tho.coal ls'talcen oh:.
7 The* method otyworklng at Arnot,
Pa.,'ls'thls: All coalis both uadorcut
anil sheared.by plclc'.primaohlne: then
or, few ounces of "powder brings down
tho coal without shattering tlu> strata
above, so that „when-ttie outcrop is
"„:■<*: =
f Sacrifice to'the'"mbb;;0.pbet!i3,, SacrK
fioe- to*'that"iunfortunater diBliiljerited,-
"despairlng mobr:if -.itymust, needs.'.be;-
- ^--"-I1.
dercuttlng - • and .Vshearlrig1; the
■witji eitlier;pick or4 machlrio,y:
" tWhat would be the result? * Rut one-
tenth of tlie powder- would-' do the
work; there J would? be no du«t". explosions, for little dust would be made]
the strata above^vould-bo"-praotlcally
'unharmed,'thus preventing the killing
and malmlng'of. miners .and scoring
over 90 per. cent'of'the. coal.'.": • ' -|-
.Tha't' this" • is - so is again. illustrated
by coal regions,'separated-.only- by
county .lines;. Allegany^ County;'.Mary-
Jiind, vvhere.tho,"mf}tl,ofi'.used^ fs- slml-
:-.r to "that* used In Arnot," Pa., .tvilh;
simnhf.resulte^ana^Jlegheny County,
Pn., rherethe Indiaiuv method 'pruned
and the same-results".-ensuing.y' 'y,■"*';.
V, b<jn''j:.state'd:, '.h^fi, things .^a4- tSo
miners .organ' the operator would sn^er
at them, because.hft wanted to get't'ne
greatest amount'In-'tho shortest time'
regardless :'of the wrong-he was'doing
to the'eountry.and'thejnjury to future
generations'.''"-y Many "miners" Indulged
In'somewhat'-heated' criticisms- of' myp
self,1 for' toey.'Too.V wanted to, get'. the
roost-for'thefeast'-V"' ;. ---.J; ,-".'-
' JSdime day/.sbme time; we will secure
a'legislator and'- a"Congress • with' patriotism arid'courage "enough to enact
laws/that fwlll.'s'top .this'- devastation
and?-"tlie*.tdestructl6nl of, an' asset.- In-,
/calculableiin-value.'",.'7   , i'*. ,.', £[-
yyyy-^-Vy tj:7's. M. SEXTON -v
^Bro'ssburg,':T"loga*County, Pa.."7 -7 '?
TheinobMs-the'.riiournful. beginning
of'"the'people?'^Tfie';inob*"is i&egreat
victim of daffeess?.i,?V;"'"^<*'':';' sv:/y.-'-"'""
y Sacrifice to"it thy^gold,-nnd thy blood
which isr. more^than.'thyj: gold;' and/thy
thdught^whlcfiis more tbari:thy blood";
"and -,thyi love' wtilcti • is 'more';jthan"lthy
thought;; sacrifice- every thing1;; except
•iustico ■ ■-- - -"- 7yyty :;yf%£"~ ■* ,-* y-< vs
y.,Give"tt""thy ear," thy"jiattd^{fiy-am7
thy.-'heart** :"-7Do evVytWrig.fofVitex-
oept'evil.; .>Alas !y It ,8UfCersIso much,
'and'.it"-knows 'nothing:«y ;y \'-l:.7.i"-7
^;Corfect"lt*, warn It;,iriB6ru'ctvit,-,'guide.
lt'^ train1 it; .put lttof theT'schopllof hbn-
esty;-'miake It-spell;truth;- show'Itlthe
alphabet' "of ^reason;,'. teach.'4, it^ to read
virtue,-probity, gerieroslty,,mercy; bold
thy,, b'ooi^wide.open.y y.yyVy yy
' VBe,there attentive,7 vigilant ^ldhd,
faithful,-humble!'- For it-vlsjbe'autiful
"on-this" sombre earth'during-this dark
life, fbrlef„ passage*.,to .'something* be-
yohdV;'-;..7y-;.^y y,yv-."-^<
-';It Is beautiful that force should have
right for. msBte'r;' that progTess^should
h'ave courage "as a leader \. that, Intelligence-'Should j have .honor,, as; a sovereign; .that conscience ^s^uid.'r.have
liberty -as .&'"queen, "and- that-the**ser-
•vant of i'gnorance;sh6uld be.th<9"light-
victor 'Hugo;/ ^>~.c? y y7)y y.
y.'-^-'7.-'."" -" «• "v.f..
iThe*^following.copy of the.conditions
'ofyentry 7for->a ;-competition to -be
for "-Advertising",: a1' safe ."arid ^efficient
bWuf furnished ,'by !the^TJni"tedfStajfes
Al'nhnggnrtn'r tn.^aahin£nn.J\Q£'~\s..A
t:";Hi3 "Britannic 'Majesty^?vgbveramenc
annpunces"that;.'in .order "to .encourage
thej- production;.of, saraband* efficient
colliery.'proprlotor'has .piace'd'- at/tlielr.
disposal the 'suni of "Sl.'OOO ($4.*8j56.65)
to^be'roffered'-as'J a*,prize for11 the '.best
lamp;; orylampB' .fulfilling, tie-^ require-,
ments;epecIfIed,'bplow.^'.": '*£'". "Y\'.4^
1 Mr,; Charlra Rhodes (a former president : of7the'Institute'- of .Mining Engineers); and-Mr." Charles'H.'-Merz, (a
member- of," the ..departmental '.committee ,on the., ubo of;, electricity -in
mines) have consented to;act as judges
Tho conditions of the, competition, aro
as'.follows: -',' *':.„ ,.-.,' • '. '"■ iy ..
1, The'competition, will be- open to
persons of any nationality,'  "','   ''
2, It'will,be in "the discretion of
tho judges to award the,whole-of tho
reached tho pillars can bo drawn, thus prize for*thO'lafhp""whIch thoy.consl.
leaving but' three ;Or^'four por cent J dor to be-the beet*,'tor'.to. divide the
of the coal behind. ,"y y , prize, or to make no" award If no lamp
.The. freedom from'death and accl- appears to'them; to''be * ot sufficient
dent is duo to this;',When tho miner merit. '-, ■■  .' 7-' 7'" "  . 7 '
reaches his room he.lmm'odlatoly talros
his" lamp from hls'head and cautiously
raises it onco ln n whlio to^seo If tho
flame will denote the presence of fire
(lamp.1 If so, ho does .not blow It out,
3. Lamps/muBt-. bo" addressed care
of C, Rhodes; Eeq., at the Homo'Office,
testing station,- Rothorham, England,
nnd must' reaoh tho ..testing;'station
not lator-thnn ^December'31st,' 10ti;
but slowly puts It "down on tho around j A spare globo should accompany each
nnd extinguishes the lamp by planing,lamp.
his, coal over It.'.,, When tho minor
reaches thti "fnco" he takes a pick and
sounds tho "roof, to'find out If thero
'Ms nny lo'oso rook overhead. If so,
ho either'wedges'It downor sets, n
prop under It. Though the mine Ib
full of conl dust no dust explosion over
took place In It.    '.«
At Sullivan, Indiana, the coal Is
"shot from the solid."    Mttlo or no
Tho requirements whloh should be
fulfilled by nny., lamp submitted for.
competition are ns follows;
1. The lamp should be of Bound mechanical construction,' so as to .with*
stand rough'uunge.  ..    „-,  "
2. Tho lamp should .iie'.of .simple
construction nnd easy to, maintain in
good order and ropnlr.
Tho lamp should bo so construct
under-mlnlng  is  dono.    Each miner,od as-to rondor Impossible tho IgnU
uses at from five,to ton pounds of
dynamite or nn equnlly strong explosive onch day. This not only loosens
tho conl, but shntlors tho roof nlso, so
Hint or n voln of conl is nbove tho one
worked It Is oxlra hnsnrdous. It does
moro;' It qnimcii tlio almost dally nc
cldent nnd tho loss of nbout 40 por cont
« *i   *„i ,„    . PJ3HNIB, D. a. Atiffiist 28, l»ll
To tbe Officers and Members of the Local Unions of the United Mine Workeri of America, Diit 18
Greeting: • '
I herewith Rend you Wank certSfiedto of nomination for Dmtriet Officeru of JDistrict 18, V, M.
W. of A., for the term commencing January 1, 3912, in accordance with Article fi of the nistriot
Nominationa may be made for one President, ono Vice-President, one Soeretary-Treasnrer one
International Board Member, and one Diatriet Board Member for each Sub-Dislriet. '
n    Nomin*tiona ahonld reach thi» office not Inter than September 2fith, 1911, together with the eon-
sent of Nominee, otherwise they cannot be entered. s
jst-jet -«r* •   «** ?• CARTER* ,y
.    .      '    . . " Sec'y-lW. m»\. ]8..U.M.W?A.
of tho conl In tho mlno,, It Is rnroly tery.
poislble thero to draw the pillars. Bo
the net result Is the Joss of 40 per
eont of tho mlno worked, tho almost
entire Iohr of the vein above and n con»
tlnuous mnlming snd killing of tho
miners, ■'
Consider this mnller In another way
Supponing n half ten or more of dyns>
—.. i.k.t ni.nww tu »<»a «<m twi'
pwmd rhnrffr In Hjo .nVfPb 1<1 U tily
within one hour. What would be fts
effects in (lie opert'T Appt> thl». »hw.
to wlmt must be the'effert of the ex-
plosion of n similar amount In n mine
but a tlnitlo direction to expend. All
this Is to tuice pisco Within the area
of fifty ncres. ,       ,   • ,,
TJie mothod mod In Indians Is tn
vogne nil over tboj.Wost. It Is west?
In«v s largo nercentsire of the most
▼Unable of nature's gifts and csuslnff
s wheleitni«v maog-hiar of m*-n. 1 «dll.
ed the nMionsl offldsl or^nn ot^the
ewl minors for seven ysars years, and
»y observations, eitendint prtctlcslly
all ever th» coal ««M<( uugbt in« that
there was but one war to preveat the
tlon of Inflnmtnnble gns either within
or without tho Inmp.'
4. The lamp battery, should be so
constructed tlmt,nny liquid which tt
may contain cannot bo spilled whon
tho lump Is In une, and means should
bo provldod for dentlnjr wllh nny gas
whloh may bo generated by the bnt-
r*«»l offoneo to shoot tosl tvom the
solid or lo attempt to let It without «»•
K, Tho materials used nnd the eon*
•truotlon should bo such thnt metals
nnd other parts will not bo liable to
deterioration by corrosion as a result
of tho notion of the "olectroyle," etc.,
used In the'battery.
fl, Tlie lamp should bo" effectively
looked so that It cannot be oponod with
.out oetecuon, .
, 7,,.Tlnj Jn&nf tlmuld 6>> ^upAbto
glilng «n amount of light not less
than 5'esndl* pow<»r eentinueuslf for
n period Of not"less Uiani 10 hourei
_ «*u  The llRhtjtshould bo woll dlstrl
reflector to concentrate or to.shield
the light msy be provided.
In addition to tho above requirements regard will be paid to (a) the
first eost of the lamp; (b) the cost of
maintenances (c) eOnvpnlwce In hand-
li.ig, and (d) the weight of tbe lamp
wh<m ehswd And r<wdy for' mo'.~
BcJentlfic Ainericsn,
Fernie, B.C.
y. •;?-: ^i
...liv  ^Barristers 'aniJiSoIIcttors*^^ &*■$,■$.&
Cox' Street^y-^'"! b-\ .^AFernle' B.lC'rS^Ki
' e' ."ft.'.iV '■-.' 'L-i-'"-'-"-Au s,*'"i"^ ^ !-*"'*i ^-'- >'^" J-«'^-.\Ari'£•&?'
«•>'  ""> ■%<. ",-■   -   ...," J", rocks'/-.'.  . v.? ,
; r -Wholesale" Liqtior Dealer; s
yy-„   •y;y^r^^^^?-^,y
Dry Goods, Groceries^Boots and ShbeS
',"    , Gents'*Furnishingsyy..-.'.-'
■  :•   "•^.";.v!;1 'y-   '-'"-
i ^ f
,r   r
- -,/■ -. ■   . -.- •(.-''.-, ' ,-;,-^-
tl i." '.-
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board       .,
Ross & Mackay h°&
Stanley St - Nelson
Best Fsmllyand Working msn's
. Hotel In City; nicely.furnished
rooms with Osth.". Beds, SOe,
esoh. moals, 3Bo,
A Union House
Prop., J, 8, BAR A ATT
'.a .-. *:.,.
"j. >. -■, -. y • -,-. .-v-, v,', • -v.j
'v'"i' Z''-7> i&.''-».I *=-;X*'••."'; - -:
;.»,*'_; ''V-"« i.-.'"-^.''. ^
A. McDougall, Mgr
t'-.v ■
Manufacturers of and Deal
,'   ;' *v*i" ^v'
,eps m all kmds.of Rough, ':$
yand-Dressed Lumber^. '■'•-*
■"> v
'4""* ^ Vj->\i" ,
7\ -^ - &    i
f-y. .;
-..."';,   "tv'tl
':' V r.'r:b>
t*M    *■J r** *^ V
"*"*, -\£' '
Bar Unexcelled
Ail White^Effelp
'...«,'. -.' ,t -- >-
,", Every thing y
; .Up-to-date ;
Call in and
:,v ^.
i*.;"- *■
j"5,K- *v-Jl
■A' iV*l
' ''-•' 7   1
;    ThoVttotel of Fernie; :y
Pwriilo's' I^oadlnfe Oomittereliil
Mid Tourist Houso    v
S. P. WALLACE, Prop,
Llxsrd Local Qsnsral Tesmsters No,
"141.   Moots ovory Prldny night if
8 p, m. Miners' Union Hall.' W.
A, Worthlngton, Proaldent;  B, J^
Good, Secretory,
Bsrtsnders' Loosl No, 814: Moots and
find 4 th Sundays nt 2.80 p.m. Secro*
♦Sfv.l'. A -nnnril1!   WnWiirf t»a»m
Olddttcn* Lobnl No. 2314 U;'M. W. A."
. Meets 2nd snd 4th Thursday Miners
.Union hall. . «. lies*, Sev »>■   •
Dr. de Van'i Female Pllit
slso«ht«r ot mlnetwuid the etfnntt r*w«Iwpmj^etft«iS.Wt;^,^lSJ
ws«e of ,„,,. t0 w,u To mm n,m fejffi^|i'^i^%T^^
for tale at Bltatdell'e Onto Itere,
. Vfo hsvi the bs»t mbnsy
ean buy ef Bssfi PorkriMuV
ten, Vssl, Peultryr Butter,
•flSfc Fish,."lmnerator Hems
and Baeen'* Lsrd, «sasso»s.
Welnsrs and Ssuer Kraut.
^    PHONE OR CAU* *
Calgary Cattle Go.
- ']) •   Phone W    -
uvkvtif*(ir)»«.M union Ho. bbtn   Mens
,lnst Saturday In each month at the*.
Ledger Office.   A, J, Buckley, Sou-
Local Psrofe No. 17 8. p. of O. Meets
In Miners Helen Hall every fltmday
at 7,48 p.w. Everybody welcome, 0,
TPaton, BeeretSry-TretiBurer, '■"
Amstfamated Seelety Carpenters uni
Jelnsrii—Meet In Miners Hull erery
ftlternale Thursday at I o'clock. A.
Ward, seeretary. p, o, 1«7,
'   I
■ A.
United Biftther heee? «f ctiteniera ami
Jelnsrs^-Lf>eal 1JJ0. D, J. Brtos,
Presldsnt; r. K. Bhsw. Semtary. yyy-v,r^yt;. \ y;yf^^yp^y ^p-^
'"   ;>.\VL~7sE'r •"•  -    yy-v \ '7 .v"^"' T-j r7---7yr   '"  " " ' ""'■ "■"¥,"■>* T'""'T-"' '     "' 7"7''7'77"*"'-  ,"-.",-'•'A *J   -■;:-"" * ,y?,sy'.-
"-',';-- '■■.":j-;-7'" - " v   -      ,"'.--""  ~~"- -".,' 7 r*.   -" »' *■   " >    -', "" '-S ■    •' ■'".-"   7;-7."- --"-7 7 *• 7 , ■  * " ■-■- ' ':*"     ' '" \"£x<.\
■"-.-'-?.y*7-   ■ '• -     >   -0        /"' .   "'.'   .'•*-'"*-L ' '   ' ' i  '    *-■    .' •        -•-,"-.- ;    "■>■'     -   - ",""     '" "" ,    .     '   .''''-''    ' '"V;-v7r/-»,"-''
-Si*/.- V *-X*L~.
>~e-.■#!-S-j-   "■£;?   •*,«•    ,y "**^.Vt?
-*-U< „' .<Vb
I «*;-ific.:;
•■*' L-.'"
ti 1" '
I  ' ■* t if   -
s5yo<v,'"-:-7,:->;y'.'o^ ^"jsi'o^^tA,.- j*;j- ':-z,yi~-^uy-".-^..-,' -.-^r.;.c'v,ft'--.-?^^sf*
^. V.' ,
„"-\i> "-
^S■".... -v   "-
^ly -V',  '■ * ,
^.'^^ l7.Tbut-mijdeur;''deVcarb6n"est"pne'de^ne'*ms'venir'a'
'....-.! -7 ,.<.:",7.' -..- - -!- ,■••• * "7•:*■ v   -i.- '> -.- - :   - •- --»- -'" ?-' ? .-. -'.- -."• -«'
JU >prbyince; de ilavGpiombie ^.nglaise (Bassin Kobtenay):
.;puisqu'il,y;:existe' unb_greye}d'6uyi;iers, <ie> minfi     "• v,■
::#^5ja^^;?-'2;fe.^;y73*y ■ -"7y y.y'
-'-. ^7::
..."   .-'-'
"-   '.S
.:•- V?-
?. *
I..;1*''."Tutt^ri'-Min'atori«di\CarbOTe;ibno^ricHiestivdi starsi':
:;f.-.^: 7t?^y p'•rV^/tf 4*" -»:y'' :-\^-
1 Ira    rtr\r./Win s rk/S**»* '« 'fiTiirrf-i   ^ -*-" ,
»^-'^, y*^''^-' •-■ x.v -p--'- - 7'y^y47y(yyy,-'' ,r<" „v v,;'
\ Columbia. percKe il7strike7ancbra*hbn: eVfinito. -. \
^i>t7C^^:"--y7:7^y7C4*r-yyfey^ -v .; ^;:
^'-;!i'^;i „yy.    ^v-.:,-:,-;-':,^;-:.-.;-''-,*-.^ ,^y --..   lV.y-.-
:**' V-","!-,' '- <-"'. lit--'SbAJ4.':*it.'>'"'>': V.--.'^-V   " •j;iv,;"..'' . ""•    ' ^ '- ". -"7
,  >;     Vj ,.-
•, --7,?- a
t,.;,- :"\^set*cy?uHiolcbpyvsu-:upovedomeny, stahovat" s&. do\
!-j,t. .\ ...-.'-i-.^y^v-1'.,-'. yy*-.,->•>.. s-■!-■.. ■-• -** ..-»-*'> iVJ- *• ^::*"  ;;
TAlberty!-abo,.y;ichodhej;British Cblumbie'Vporlevao tamf
• *.- *.*■"< ■   77yj;7'.. • v. ^;!-y--'''':v -' \.'■-• *?•' -;iy'>--vy:--
le*8te^■stavkia^^va''na^*dalei:'A>Vr,■ •a'-:'! .';^'.''""'f-v:y,'^7,.,--' ,■.
District 18vU.M.W.bf A.
b>& f pi'91-1 *
"yl^s mines des/environs'1 dje^Herrln;
III.,, quii.chomaient^'depuJs:fl6n'^ejnps
pnt^dtd remises en! op^tloiijlundl.^'*-
*"yi.'e travail semhle^ vouloli^reprendre
a Bay City, \nch.\7Il'yfS'auelaues;'dif-.
,ficultds/ a la~ nouvjellev inlne'.TAuhurn
?'. Le travail commence areprehdre'ifii
peu'dahs les mines' deV-e'nvirons7de
Marlssa .111 - - .■*-?, .-    "^vfe > Vf ?>i;i
de chacun est bien minlme."
Black;Creek qui*travaJlle'7tousWl«s
jours. - , *-^ " .v^-.-^-^wj.'v^
r^r Hartford, .Ark.",': trblsVmines^ont
"(^[fermees tout reteW-lesTwitfes^ne
trav^Jlent qiie deux jpurs'par^'eamalSe..
^TT-DiFj'rinouyelles - mines>vent^UrJBiou^
Verted a Clay City, 'Jnd;y''yy*-.7 ""v»""-'' :-*
de Marlssa, >Ili;yL'U- deVT;;vChalerol,
Pa7* -:'7.7 "'V- ■'7-r-,y-'^>r4
DEATH BATE. SWELLS 7  /:-;--"r f
-   ":■*•:-\   . IN HARD COAL',MINE8
i, -     :   i ■       ,!".»-„,     - -S" '• •-    " s       .-'
lri -1910,' ,Out%of -1,000 -^Employes,- 3.55
"; Wore Killed Aflaln8t3.31 in 1909. v.
?100 or ',six,Jmonths'.imprison-
Big opposition 'meetings..'wefe
b^eld*\ - throughout j'7the provirioe, ^ and
jt/appeared that four.-out'of every,fiye
would ~TesIst!y;.vThe'-"of ficials - then 'dis{
56vered**thatH.they,^had over-reached
themselves^ and' ^.Conscience Clause;
was, rushed trough - the Provincial
house*"and instfuctions' .-sent' ^round
.that the pVde*r^was,'not to be^enforoeS*
,as_ theyepidemio^'was now under ^cpn-.
trol'."yv'- In fotlier $ words, the ■' Goyerii-
ment;clImbe*dA;down . and ,\thV-vacclf
nation,act-'is noy'si-dead letter!y^'.- , -
*,°'In-'pries"t> and,;medico-ridden- -'Montreal .* liberty .lovers we're not- so ,for-
,tunato'.t"'l Two "cases of eruptive disuse
were" reported" as"- chicken-pox.'. ' Doctors disagreed and sope declared-It to
be, small-pox.-' Eighteen. public * vac-J
cinators were, Immediately' sent roiind
to" shops and-factories to vaccinate all
employees. Wage5 earners were forced
to submit, otEers- merely-^ advised.
Some day possibl'yj-wage-earners, too,
will have sufficient ownership. rights
over theIr"bodies that legislators may
also advise rather than force them to
8ubmlt*.)to such fiendish rites.—Ada
Mulr,'Winnipeg Voice.        - .   '.
^•■l ■r?~J'>*.>'*^
'c ™'-(-v,i,'-,-5- s-y W.'"' - *
^iyixifm rbbotttIkomWezna"-niedi5e.^Anl
-ip- -. - ' ■. .->   ,      - -v-* -.'.-        --1-1 --..vis- .--,
,v.''i-.,',-.'.'~'- v .'
Iyyy*X"P,a™atI.ks2d5fid rohotnlka^Je.pokus Its'-
I'3- V3; ,7 pltallstov privtesffna- filbenlcu uradnl-
y «,C kov Zapadnej.Federacie Banlkov, Hay-
;'y ,.'\ wooda; 'Moyera; a Pettlbona.''r>..Prave
7,"?*" ,taky-pokus;u5inU kapltal;nodavno na
-,. yfy'. bratpch'McNamaroyycb(.ktorl,1)oU'sii^
,,r"7*:, tan"tI^;nasUne7pdy^
''•?\'y,r8ejps;;'kde',su.drtanijy Jaiarl ria ohla-
y;:,7'<lobu Je.vyhodlll dynainltom dopovetrla
:il';i.^-.tjuaejleu-budoyii CaeopllBU "Times,'• pfl
''-;" >l  Combolb zablto" asl,1.6 osob,;7-'.'*,'-~■.;•
{7'c''/l'7' Oela-'obBaloba-je' Jedeii kus lie Mora
|oy ^ma-prlprftvlt'. o;8IvqtV.dfoch„;'vodc'6v
S':, yu.uui'e'.SeieilttrBkych^'rDhptnikov.-L;' Or"
iVryygMiUiovane' robbtnlctvo^to vie, a preto
r£*-i\ na josvobbdenl>rw5Salaroyanychv^bratoy
'•F'&i ■;"* pptcuje;:UZylait'.'usllovno. prnciiln -«r
r77'pf'.' tpmto-'nmere soolallstl a soclalletlcud
S.\ 7".Can'iiplsj''. r.;''.'Appeal tb'nenson"Vvyslal
Avl-.V-lr do I.6a| AngeleB svojbb zylalltrielib'zprn-
?$• -■•'■% vddriJaVktor* mnl -Vytetrlt',' kto, sppme-
v/yiv' JMia* l;.udoVu7 vyh'i'dll.-yZpravodnJoni
^7,,'' tynto:,tioI\(udfuU'i5hoa^,j'Jed^'rB*^
* '-v^ehoat.Wneovnl'na tejto snloSltosU;ui
•~f }'[ dlhSlu'^ dobii,' b' bol "w2 u 'lcbncn, Iced*
,'y\"'yjhedel'w,';dnn 18,; nngustn', y. noel o
r ',' ;,y,lli hod.-oa'ztratll a.pd tej dobysa no-
y^f jyviq7;kani's«, podel.^-.yV,",'.-, -■--,'.,
"!l';7'7; ipanuji.v ioobeon* nshVad, Bo% bol
; ,-7• sjivraldeiiy n-Vnlekdo-snhrabany. ,.K
T' "7\tojt0 mlenke vtidlo ta okplnoBt'," So
", y.'.pped'Jehb by torn bor najdeny kus rury,
''.''" naplnonojolovom,r8oho pouSlvnJu'rvn.
' [■'.', 61 a stibljaci,    Tleltamibol najderiy
, ' .yjeho   klobuk' 'coly   rosblty;,,  Budr,
'.-. ' .Sbonf bol uU flo.svojlm poslanlin ho*
.,"7 tpvy n v krntke] dobe sa choel vratlt'
•; j dpOlrnrd.tKansns, kdovyohadsn finso*
;pli /'Appeal to-ReaBon" nby vysledok
svojlio. patrnnta. v spomenutom Caso.
,     '  pUo nverojuill. Uvb rojncnlo v^sdldku
)       avojoj praco boloby. spospbllo ,vel*ky
rozruoh y oelej Amorlke, tnk bol plsal
sinlr. Shoaf, le Otis, mn'ltol' budovy
'..  "Tlmos," Jo zodpovedny sa vybuoh, prl
7; ktorom bolo tnlHeno 10 Uvotov n ra Co
.   '    cheu dostnt' na BIbenloti bratovMoNa-
'* ninrnovcov, . Sudr. Shoaf caroyon pi
'. ssI, Co Otts nojttl 1'udl, ktorl budovu
' cnKIH Be vie Ich mens a yoboo Bo
ma^dpst^dokazoy-l aby', OtIs'*bpl£dany
pod obialbbu,".'? 7>ttj ;* ';^px7v'7'7 - r - *
sudn"' Shoafom? a'^ra'nt^oVkokrat;, vy-
slovil mienku,2e sa obava o svoj Jlvot
dnesinB^asIrnie JoTvlac-medzi'givjTni
vgetkb'7,v ma%nd ^ na"' -^vyjasnenle
"Appeaijtp-Reason" vynaloBIldppbsial'
tejto zahady, no dodnesriehpdna sa
nevle"iaI5;'8o* by'viedlo krozlustenlu-
tak'zahadnej otazky. Je lst6)t2e'Budr!
.Shoaf; bol ..bnd', iavraBdenJ '<?&\. pdpra-
tany}" alebb" Je'.Slvy nlekde'jtatvo^eny;
iaby1 nembbol vtiodlt' pravd/svetlb.-na
sprlsahancov, ktorl cScu 'znlCit'.' ilvoty
dvpch' rbbbtnlckych1prodakovi'&*£■.\v-•
;7Sudr. Shoaf ja&\ y mice dokasy/ktoriS
by bo]y\dbkacaly nevlnu Balarpyanycb?
unlovych1- ybdcov.v'; Boly, by ony"1, sarb1
"en', poukazoily-;na^prayych 'vlnnikpv,
ktorl by boll musell'ist',' do . 2alara.
Tomusa muselo predlat', noch tp^atojl;
6o,stbJl7yAby Bvet nezvedel, jakych
lotrovskycb- prostrledkby. ,'k -*nlftenlu
unit '-';v Amorlke' kapltal, upqtrebuvaj
Sudr. Shoaf.muBel pbetovat'svoj 21yoti
Ale,' to,,, neodstrasl. organl soyanu .'pracu'
od toho, nby' protl zloclnnemu kapltalu
lift: sajjatoj- ceste-.'nepostupbyala,. 'JVo
VyBetrpyanl'' /yy.bjichuyyy/' budovb
V.TImes" .bude^ sa ■ pokraCoydt, a - kapltal nebude' mat* tol'ko odvahy, aby
kbSdeho'savraXdil.- Orgonleovana praea
nedovbll, *aby' nevlhnl, bratla McNa-
ron'rovcl boll- sa'vraBdenl,, orgftnlsovanl
robotnicl prevodu. to', Be. spomoniitl
ty-ntia budu osyobodenl ana loh ralo-
sta budii poaadenl tLktorl'dnoB b loh
besBlyotlo usIluJUj Dnes ui robotnicl
noprlpustla,'ttby lch vedcovla a sastan-
covin boll yraBdopL-r-Rovnj)Bt- L'udu
WASHINGTON,' Aug; 29J—According
to a statement made to the United States -Bureau" of Minesjby James E. Roderick, chief * of tho "Cepartment    'of
Mlnesrof Pennsylvania,'there were .601
fatal accidents and 1.050 non-fatal accl-
dents\in the; anthracite mines in' 1910.
\j-. This • was >n' Increase, .of - 34 in-the
number-of fatal accidents and of 15 In
the'number of men Injured aB.'compar''
.ed wlth:i909,-when. 567 men\were killedand 1.035"Injured. •. "As the prpduo-
Vlon-\ ln. 1910 -amounted <tto 75,433,246
^long. toni', the^,q«aritityof coal mined
for'eacli'llfe'IostVwas 125,513 long tons;
against-l"26,644,lbng" tons in;i909.   The
denUi'-rate;perTthousand' employes;In
19107. was;;3.65;;against 3,31 in 1909."";.'
'■I Bxcept',t:hat of the."boom" year, 1907,
the" production of anthracite in Penn-
sylyaniS in'4910i was the largest in the
history ..of the "industry, according tor
E. W.' Parker.ycoal statistician of. the
United ,StatesjGeblbglcal "Survey.   The
quantity produced.in 1910,was,73,433,-
34C long tons^a'n increase over 1909 of
3,058,997" long.-tons,' the„vvalue increas-
ing;$i'49,4i5;847 ln"1909 te-$160,275,302
in i9ioVyThevproductionin 1910 was
within-almost:exactly "> 1,000,000 -long
tons of -the*^maximum record for 1907,
when lhe"output"amounted to 76,432,421
long tons." TheTyalue'Of the product
in" 190V"exc^ded7th'at; of* 1910' by, %%•
308,754.""'' The;"average, price per ton
afthe mines'in 1910' was ?2.12, against
12.06 itf 1909,: $£l3.'In ,1908; and,$2!l4
in 1907.   y'7*y''.y'"'    '>""•'"-    '
y .Through ,the'*;recent' invention," says
to the^use of smaU'sizes of anthracite,
and "owing to*the'aIghef,prlces''of the
prepared sizes, the percentage of waste
has been'reduced.to a'minimum. "Buck
wheat,", "rice," "barley,'.', and even culm
are now important steam- raising fuels
particularly in hotels, apartment houses and large office ^buildings'in the
cities7of the East,7wher,e: smoke, inhibiting ordinances ,are* in - force"    An
object lesson in practical conservation
is here furnished" and it was put into
effect & number of years before tho
agitation oyer the conservation of natural resources began.'• Not only are'
the small sizes produced In the present
mining operations sold, and   utilized,
but the, unsightly'.culm hank's'which
blotted:.the landBcape In the, anthracite;.region' aro"fast disappearing'as
the usable codl is being recovered fiom
tjjejitfby jwaBherles,       *.      •• ,,'•>„'
;''Of tho total production'In 1010, 4,184,
029 tons -were recoverod from the7*old
culm banks ,and'01,833 tons wero'-fp^
covered by dredges from tho b^odbt
Susquehanna River, », !:".
',-ff.    ..      -      - '" -■
The Last' Will-and Testament of Chas.
7 - Loiiisbury, a > Pauper, Who Died
.-.   — i   -    ,<.•   <\ •' -       i I'
ll! the Cook County Asylum
*,'.*■.. ,-    ' Dunning, III   \7 .
-i •- -a.
Environ-600 mlneurs. omployds par
la Provident Coal Co; a St. Clnrlsvlllo,
Ohio, so sont mis en prove joudl, parce
quo la compagnio a refudd do normot-
tre a un oxport de Flitsburg de s'as*
surer el la bascule (Halt Juste.
Durant lb mols do juln 1011II s'ost
expodllo au Nord West deux millions
et deml do tonnes do obarbon en mains
quo durnnt le momo mols J'an dernier,
Sur aopt mines a Kootn, Mo„ deux
seulement trnvnlllent et olios sont tol-
lemont plelnes' d'ouyrieres quo lb gain
List of Localb District 18
''20 Bnnkhond ».,.,. y. P. Whontley, Dnnlthoad, Alta.
481 Denver,Creek...... P. flaughton, Beaver Crook, via Plnchor        <•
i*i tM)*io»ue........... J. iiurke, iiellovue, Krank, Alts. '.-,,,.
I'J W   BUli w'(«,,........ £1. J, ClMtt, b'tainuy W, AjU. .
M9  Burmls,........... Soil, toerbyshire, JJiirmls, Alia.
Mil  Carbbndale........ 3. II."Hyslop, Csrbendsle, Celeoiisn,.Alta.'
8387 "Cnrdlfrini.'iV.M.. *. PooCCnrdlff, Alta; ' ,      ,,
1)78  Canmore';,',, N. D, Thachuk, Canmoro, Altn.
till, Corbln R. Jones, Corbln, B. O.
1126  Chinook Mines,.... Wm. Forsyth, Diamond City, Alta.
S178 Diamond • City..... Charles Orban, Diamond C|ty, Letbbrldge.
ISI4  Fernio..; ,,,;. Thos, Uphill, FernW, D, O.
1103 Frank.,..,,  O. Nlool, Frank, Alta.,
4497.,Hosmer W. Bslderstone, Hosmer, Tl. O.
10M HIHcrest *«.« J, O. Jones, Hlllcrest, Alta.
474   Ijftthbrld*a I* Moor*, P. O. ftar 113, T*fhhrldjps
,118* LoUtbridge Cotlierles Fruit Bsrlotfcjun, see, vis., Klpp, Al(s.
UM  Wile 7 W. L, evsls. Ulle, Frank. Alu      "
:W» Msple Lesl........ M. Olldsy, Msple Us/. Belle rue, AlU.
UH  Michel.... U, Bunell, Mlthsl,B, C.
14 iienan* Mtaei... Her*«e Woedleld, TWeer. Alt*.
•*I»   Royal View Thee. K FIsW, Beyal Cellleriee. !.*thbrfd#», Altn
10J T*Ur.., -WHlUm*Ras*«ll.Tst)er,AlU.
il»», Tiber  IB. B. P*U« rson, Tsber, Alta.
A grim Joke was perpetrated on the
young doctors of King's County Hospital, Flatbush, a short tlmo ago. ' Tho
doctors of tho,, Contagious Dlseasofl
HoBpltnl Invited .them to a dance, and
as many as poslblo took advantigo
of, tlie Invitation.'' Just as dancing
was In full swing tho superintendent
apponrod with the Information that a
smalt-rox caso had Just been adm*,^-
oil, ond, as wns customary, all In- the
building must be vaccinated The
doctors who, of course, all believed,In
viici Inntlon—-for other people—inn "up
n strong protest.* The surgeonimnnl
huvo both arms, thoy said, biit'dld not
offw.rnothor place for the Inocula
U^n. 'The modlcoos.felt lh it thoy
could not bo spared for the tlmo
rofi.Mfit'd.otc., but It was of no avail,
nil )'&n tc submit. >
Tn the case of Dr, Raymond I'olly
Mood iwlsonlnff set lii, aud tho Intent
rop;rt I1 have.-received sUies "sur.
gepns are endeavoring % to save bis
Arm,' A few episodes of this nnime
niUilit'reltult ln saving untol! mlseiy
to thousands of holploss little ones.
This ls reminiscent of what ha|>-
poind to our troops'on the voyage to
n.tond tho coronation ceremonies.
\v«-tn dioy rcacoeil Quebec, tlioie
map u'tJU uUmIi yi 6ins*J-iM«: (ben*,
ao be/ore embarking all had to be
V'icclnitted. - They teeched Cbe'sc. In
a ,'nrrry,, condition^ The "Voyngj hnl
lii'on n particularly chilly' one, nn 1
nf the time sick In* bed, When one
of thero uho bad his entire arm badly
ismUmi declared that be would radior
go through a campaign than through
I course ot vaccination sg&ln, they
all agreed with him.
U li reffeshlng to note that British
pluck Is net «MiHr»1y s thing of the
pasL *s evidenced by tbe fate of sn
Order In Council Issued in British Col*
umbla fn February test. Owing to a
few mild cases of small-pot — sons
say ehJckeu-pet — everyone was or-
dered to be vscelnsted who had net
submitted" tb the operation within
seven yearn, the penalty for  default
.7."!,-. Charles "Lpulsbur'y, being of
sound and disposing .memory,* do hero-'
byy'makV and ^.publish this my .last
wlli.and testament,'-in order as ju3tly
asTm'ay'be to distribute my interest fn
the ,;w6rld among'' siicceeding^men.
v^'That" part of "my Interes't .which is
known! in; law and recognized in the
sheep^bbunay volumes as my properly
being inconsiderable and of no account
I7make noj.disposal of it in this"my'
winy.y-;; .,■ .y   .   '       \ :'
i' '"My-right' to^ live being but' a life
estate^" - is^noty af my disposal, but,"
these; things^, excepted, all else in the
world" Ijndw proceed to devise and be^-
queath:.yyy "./ ,       '    '-■
y- <;.'*'''.". Item I. ", f. 7
7 "I give' to-good, fathers and mothers,
in trust' for,-their; children,; all ^good
little,".words.'bf^-pralse and encouragement^ ancL'all auaint pet names and
endearments, and I charge said parents
to use\them;justly, and generously■ as
the^needs^of Ithelr children may.re-
qulre../'y\.^y ,      '   - ., 7
*' - Tl."') - ■. .17 Item -II..
y'I. leave,7to* children -inclusively, but
only-for^the.terin of their^childhood*,
all and.7eYery";'flower of "the fields,"
and ^thetblossomsof the woods;-'with
the right•; to .rplajr among them freely,'
dren.vwnrnlng'th'me at the same time
against thlBtles,and thorns. .; And I devise "to-...children the banks, of % the
brooks ,npd/ the golden sands beneath
the' water." thereof and the odors of
the,'willows.that dip therein and the
white) clouds', that float high over the
gIaat.treefl.0;f'*And'I leave the children
the. long,", long days to be merry In.'
In . a ;thousand ways,' and the night
and'.- the''moon, and the train of the
milky way'to wonder at, but-subject
nevertheless to the rights hereinafter
glyen"to'lbyers. , . '-. '   -
• -;$;'v'■*..!y.Item '"• '    ',
j.^T"devise to"boys jointly all,the use-
ful'idlo fields and commons'where ball
mayv bo..played • nil .pleasant water
Where1-'one may swim, airsnowclnd
hiHa7_whero ono may coast,' and all
streams nnd ponds where one may fish
or'wliere' when grim winter c6mos,,ono'
may skate; to have nnd to,, hold the
samo, for the porlod of their boyhood.
And all,"meadows, with tho clover blossoms and; butterflies thereof! nnd tho
woods-and-their appurtenances, tho
squirrels and the birds, and the cchoos
of the'strange nolsos and all distant
places'which may bo visited, "together
with" the adventures there found. ..And
I give to said boys each his own placo
nt tho fireside at night, with all pic-
tures'that may be Been In tho burning
wood, to enjoy without let or hindrance
and without any .Incumbrance or care.
..  -   .'  ,. !   Item. IV., i
"To lovors I devise tholr Imaginary
world,,with whatever thoy may need,
as tho "stars of tho sky, tho Bed Cross
by tho wall, the bloom of tho hawthorn, tho sweet strains of music and
aught oIbo by which they may doBlre
to flguro to each other tho lastlngnoaB
and beauty of tholr love.
' Item V.
. "To young men Jointly, I devise and
bequeath all boUteroiiBly Inspiring
sports of rivalry, and I glvo to thorn
tho disdain of weakness nnd undaunted
confldonco In tholr own strength,
thoiiRh they nro rurto; I Rive thorn the
power to make laming, friendships nnd
of possessing companions, and to them
exclusively I glvo nil merry oongs and
brave choruses, to sing with lusty
voices,  „
.    - Item VI.
. "And to thoso who nro no,'longer
children or youths or,lovers. I leave
memory, and I bequeath to them vol-
umes of tho poems or Burns and Shako
ipearo and of other poets, if thore be
others, to the end that, they may. live
oier tbe oiu days again, freely and
fully without tithe or diminution,
Item vil,
'••To our lovpn   ones   wlUr, snowy
crowns I bequeath tlie happiness of old
age, the love and gratitude of their
ehlidron until they fall asleep/,  „
'* :■
<*v - -. -
'-i ■,.•'
„ ' J-
C]f Advertising that advertises is the
sort desired .by persons seeking
publicity for their wares.
Cj[Selecting the medium is important—the publication that reaches
the , people. — the wage-earners—r.
should appear to the  discriminate
purchaser of space..,,...  , :    r   /
C|f Its an  easy matter, to- acquire
space in a paper- but its another
point to get adequate returns from,
the outlay.        .yyy
.■■?-'      -i '-,77>-       ,       ' ,      ,  -
Cjf Advertisements - that sell goods_
^r^thferMOKat^Mange often and ~
make ihteresting reading from time
to time, giving facts and figures^
. C]p Any arrangement 'of type.matter
and words in a paper is not advertising,, A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a sdikce of informa-1"
tion that will not be easily passed ^
undiscovered. Discover your business with the use of Printers^Ink..;
, flF Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through -
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do *
this .you have gone a long way towards being a success.
flF Let the now comers know who
you are and advertise your business,
flp The District Ledger , has the
largest circulation in the Pass and
should bo yotir spocial medium to
toll your weekly story. Just try-
can't toll until you try.
i --.,"
)Ui>; y ,
. -    v?
Deafness Cannot Be Cured
fey |oc»l »pp(lf»tl«il. M thfV MMOt IMCfe UK dl*
um4 portHM of \tm tu, tt*W ta «Ur «w Vf r M
iwt tZ*it>tm\ Mid ti»t u by *aniutawwkl nmhIm.
LiMlUM* I* «ftU*wt ill *t Ui0»«m4 mmMim «( Ut*
tmiNim lliiiui nf Uw ruiUtlaM T^Tw. vtmt UM
UtS k USftiwd m tavtk nMMM tmtUt »*
pirttn mnet. *«4 »Uf U ta mwnir *>»«. OmL
him m timm4\. U* <m»m Um fcSuMMUm wm \»
uua .•* MS Uta Mb* muwS WlWMwil mh«>
Complete Job department
t fj^wt^f^m* An
Address all communications to
Moo. hMrta* «iu ta*w»N
•ku mm
'   MtMMT
niKMM mm* * CUfnX vfttob« ««m
but m \nttmA «M4iita« *»<m mmm mMmm.
tr* ww •«*• ow nwsne MMWMf wm
t»u n*nv r*»nr mi rnraauugiuw.
The District Ledger
Wft»te^^—™* w^jfeiftiiW.j^wstfWj^Hi-fc^hlfcvj.WM'.H
mmmmmWm 1     V    VT "*l
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";7>,--"'y7yy." ■'*-£■»-. "■- '-^yyy. ,yy "-■' y,£ ;;';/,.\y'~y~*^>,;
-v.-',.--.-.';. >'-.s-^    * • »w----     ".-'-: ■ -?., ?>'^,.'-J.vJ-f.js'.v'-.<
\ , - :."•
r. __        - O
The Store of Good Values
1.   r,    •   -.
Special Grocery Values for Saturday and Monday selling that will save you money:       > ,.
Liquid Ammonia, pints, 2 bottles for    25c.
Dr. Price„'s Baking Powder, 12 oz tins .... ; 35ca.
Bovril, 2 oz -.    35c.
Bovril, 4 oz i .7 v '.' 60c.
Staon Shoe Blacking, 4 tins for .*-."...' ' 25c.
' Concord Sardines, 2 tins for ..:"......'.-.   25c.
  o y        i *       j
Imported Herrings- 2 tins for . 7../    35c.
Libbyand Van Camp's Soups, 2 tins for .... ■. 25c.
Quaker Oats, 2 pkts.for . \    25c,.
Banner Oats ............ ................   25c.
2 oz. Flavoring Essences ' ■.   15c.
Cake Iceings !..*.... 1 ••..'*,-.,  10c;"
Sunlight Soap, 6 bars for .-..*  25c.
Lifebuoy Soap, 6 bars for ..., "...■  25c.
Colgate's Toilet Soap, regular 40c and 50c., 730c.
'5 lb. Tins Table Syrup ..'... v,..:    25c.
3 lb Pkts Washing Powder    20c.
Hand Cleaner, per tin ........\    10c.
' Dr King -will be.here on the 13th, accompanied .lay,"W."'A;;'Macdonald.-. ' ~.
Ch'as. Morris, "who purposed going to
TabeV; .lias "al*t«red*:hls* plans for the
present arid will go,to Jfelson'*   ' j.; s £
, Parti,6f the Turner Block in .Wood
Street,is .being used,,as a7"schoohroom
owing-toHtie crowded condition ,of the
Central School.      "7  - " >   '
Our Dressmaking Department under the
supervision of Miss - Laidley- is' at your
'    -• '',/ » , service   '
The W.,R, McDougall Shoe Stock,purchased at.60c. on the dollar. - An opportunity
to secure in many instances footwear, for-
- Men, Women and Children, at less than Fac-;
tory cost,   -y •     , ,    K   „      y -"~
*-? .f -*?. *
1 .Mrs.1 Harry Armstrong returned, to
her home in "Westminster on Tuesday
after several, week visiting ,wl_th her
parents, Mr and Mrs. Digby.
Mrs. 'It. Roaf ^and children "departed
for their new hom eat; Edmonton" on
Wednesday^ evening.-Many" intimate
friends were at the station to say goodbye.      - "    '"' \   ,""',■' .*
- :Appreiitices,fbrVtfie^(
Dressmaking y t : y'_
Appiy'toB"* ;* * 7y "•{,""yf77
CrowsTNesf vTrading Co.,/i
•fDressrnaking ^Departinont"
yTom, Biggs isAdbwn1 at,.Elko this
T.Yeek"diggirig a hole' iri.the ground.
Miss Laidly returned t otown during
the week after an extended trio to the
east,-and will be found in charge of the
Ladles' Ready-to-Wear Department "of
the Crow's NeM Trading Co's. Store.'
-William Burgess, ' a ■ Yorkshlreman,
duplicated Capt. Webbs feat of 1875 by
swimming the English Channel, This
was his 10th.and finally successful attempt, - and was accomplished'in 'A
h'ours7 ' -   '-        ,  •»-: * 7 '■..,
. After regular business .on* Wednesday evening-Mount Fernie Lodge I/O,
O. P. entertained a good'number,of the
brothersjonthe occasion of»the.departure* of, two -worthy brothers, Dr,
Wrigleswortti  and- Jack Shearer. - :;
- Jas. McNicholas, representing the
teamsters, and D. Rees, representing
Gladstone Local,1 U. M. W of A.t- are
the delegates'from here" to the Trade
arid Labor Council^ Convention which
opens at Calgary on-Monday next
Mr'.i. G B. Armstrong, of Thorribury,
6nt,v. was a guest of Mr arid Mrs C: J,
Digby last week ■ He was one his way
home after yisiting his son, Mr H. T.
•Armstrong, of New Westminster, and
stayed over to see Mrs. Armstrong
who is "visiting her parents.
'Labor"dav passed off quietly.'-''in
Fernie. It, was a^jtood day'to. be in
the inside-ldotfing out. .,; • -   *.'- >.
Born—At Cranbrook "this morning,
to Mr and Mrs., W. S. Stanley, a dau
ghter.'- ,   ::   '.* '     7. . i.   r'.\
V»V«y«¥OV«»Y«ytt A*A«A«A«AOA«A«
V    yCoqtiriued^'from-page'By-y'   ■
- V   -        i * i  ^ ^ -^  *" i •■    -   '-J-' -   ^ --.
u- - "^     :   •"., -. yki.v"',<v- v."- .,-"■',
up the miners', union,-our^.association
would be ' knockedtdowaJ-Vinl^qulck
sticks.. No!;'1. I^sayy.tWs^'tiat' we
have* everything jiojgaln tiy/standing
with our fellow, wkers;-on .the "other
hand, if we-.help-ttie'cbpsses^to-ibeat
them byvdoirig'what^they";want,i:we"'are
not -true to* 6vlt\class^^Thlsfis'ibt
my opinion* only, but" ther^aWothers
ysbme of them*too'tiinld'.to',declare
wby,"- without my. say ing. itt V^'*'!-,, .-*'
If you don't' wish to prlritUhisy throw
it in,the waste paper .basket,,;but I
would be much obliged if;you would
print'if as it is not only my'.own "opinion,- but-that-of "others ^besides* along
"the Pass as well.*" '," ,'7,- v-^ ,:";',""*.-
,.- ■    y     '"''- cert! fire; -bqss
,( R.vG.'.McNelllie, District Passenger
Ageriit^of the C^P. R, with headquarters ' at Calgary," was a r town visitor
this .week", '  ''" " * •" '■ I-''
7J. F.-Spalding, the photographer,-is
out campaigning in his' chosen. progression south of Elko through the Bay;
nes Lake district.   . ,'7". '
The Ladles''Guild of, Christ Church
intend holding a tea wiythe^ second
Wednesday of each month during this
winter." The,first one"to„be" at Miss
C.'Jr^dexarider's on-Wednesday, Sept.
13th.    "Everybody welcome,'
-.Three local Nimrods, Messrs Harry
Martin, —-. Larner.'arid Joe L. Allen
returned from aj" hunting trip on Wednesday, in the.Bull River region, bringing- back7 a 'magnificent- buck deer
and a, mountain goat as a result of
their quest- '- * '*
■ On the 6th, Stella, the" beloved wife
oi James G.'Grace, of Flagstone. The"
• funeral servises were held on Friday
at, the .undertaking parlors of Thomp-
son^and'T'MorrisonT- the^Revr"*-Hugh-
Grant officiating.       ' ,.       - I
„^Mu^J6hn^siraylor^A)f Moyis,-^sp8nt.
several "■ "days .-in"'.Fernie during the
current ".week' "and was the guest ■ of
former residents <, at Leadvllle-by-the-
Lake/-Dr.' Van.Asselstine and Mr. Cor-
bett.. ' MK Taylor Informs us that
there are only-about 100 men on the
pay,roll atvthe ^Consolidated" now,
many of the. oldtlihers' haying gone to
Kimberly, where extensive work Is In
progress at ,the Sullivan*
A Clothing Question and
Its Far Reaching Answer
What is the difference between custom tailoring and Fit-Reform garments ?
Nothing but imagination and a higher cost.
Custom tailoring has not advanced a step in a generation.   Ask your father—or
look nt some of his old clothes.
Fit-Reform Suits nnd Overcoats do not leave a single advantage with the custom tailor.
Only—the designing, cutting nnd tailoring of one suit at n time, costs practically
twice ns much nnd adds nothing to the suit,
If you liavc been paying $35 or $40 to a tailor, we can put you in a Fit-Reform Suit
nt $z$ or $30 that will
be n revelation of the
perfection  of Fit-
Reform methods.
It's all right to stick
to nn old sunrrstitinn
when money fotrn»q
freely, But a man
should investigate the
fndls when he has no
money to waste.
Jas.. Buckley, whose young daughter
died .so suddenlylast week, Is now at
the hospital - here, threatened/- with"
typhoid fever.yjThis family Is certainly having- its share of trouble, an3 the
sympathy , of the entire community
goes out.to thenr* in their"trouble. . ;.
- Dr. and Mrs.-Wriglesworth.who have
been1 residents - of Fernie for several
years'jeft on'Friday's flyer'for. Van-'
couver, which. they will' make their
future" home "'■ During their stay here
they made many close friends who'."will
alwaysbe glad to hear of their success'T
.•7' ,7.. Royal Vie w,'Alberta. ,'•
7- ; ' ;" . 7 '■ August 31',", 1911
'• "'Dear Sir,—Through*\the-..medium ,of
your valuable paper I^deslre'to'give
some of your/readers'a little' Insight
into the-tactics employed-by the'coal
operators In this end of District 18. "
. The New Barnes' Coal'Co., proprietor
A. E. l>s&en; manager, Jas.. A. Richards ; output' about 80 "-.tons" per *-'day;
from"25 to^O-men employed in "arid
around mine; also about 18 teams'engaged ln hauling th*e coal away:* .'Last
March the* management of this "mine
signed an agreement with officials of
District'18 granting-their employees
"the Montana, scale, otherwise an increase of 12% p. c. to all day men, and
7 5.55 "per "cent on contract work." '-'
The ew-Bames Coal' Co. have been
loading box cars on spur track owned
by Royaf Coliierles, forwhich* privilege
they-have* paid 35 cents per .ton./ Now
on"1 August '30th ..the"Royal' Coilierl.es
stopped this privilege by fencing off the
only available road from New Barnes
Coal"Co. mine, by so doing compelling
the 'little mine to shut down.
- Now,, this is a deliberate blow aimed
at'the,tr.""M. W. of A.,"and, probably
this "scheme was declded.upon at the
last'meeting of operators held at Macieod, their'evldent-aim being to compel the .men, working at New. Barnes
Coal lMine to "scab In mine operated
by,Royal Collieries," Ltd., but they have
sure got^left. "j   " }'-
.y ! Yours, etc. *    y„,
•7.7" •'"';'       7' -      " " 1  ■ "r."
■;-(Ed.'—:Since receiving the above we
understand that the offending fence
has*been' removed, why or .wherefore,'
we "cannot say.);,    ■ „   -."  -' '.""- '"
Messrs. John and Dan Shearer, two
well-known' citizens', of Fernie, wore
passengers on Thursday's westbound,
John,' we,understandhasaccepted the
position of: manager of the co-operative
store which Is being opened at Merritt,
on 35th of this month, and Dan accompanies him for'the purpose, of seeing
other parts of the Province of British
Columbia. They carry.with them tho
best wishes of a host of frlonds that
wherever thoy land that success will
be.their portion,     ,'"-'7
Calgary, "'AltaV., ,
 ~*jvy*.— 1 ..u,—..../J-.2.
To the Editor, District Ledger:4-J -' ■'"'
7 Dear Sir,'—Enclosed "please find the
card of one J. M.-,Halladay,'whos'is at
present iri town trying to get'scabs'
for Frank, - Alta.,'-He promises -, good
homes and.the best of ^york.,..';-,
Make whatever use you like of this
Inforjriation, ,as it" Is,absolutely true.,'
.- '    ',,,'Yours truly,","    , '   ,'■* .7'
7 •'■'-*" " ,7'  ."" -. .   '.V.'FRODSHAM
7 .y,>FiretiWowing7'Qf?'\yliat'FasM6n-,ha"s7:dictated
.'"■correct for'the'c8ming;season;made fr'omXbeautiful-••
,' ' soft -mixed .Twe'edsywitH', Plaid, Backs,^the ^reverse'- ''•
\ • side'Df^tiie'iaaterJalsliowiDg .oh'therdee^cuffs's'andr
••„-wide shawl-collar,y',;y■",-''•» ■'^\':'""z^'- ' '";*"<^-y
."■ '■-  \ -"-■ y, - ■•.-: a'.vr--- v''." ..'-y-*y ^'-"-'tC'.-.7^ v
y *c- The .styles; are; varied,"' b'ut'all: are -."distinctly^ dif-y
r7fefent from' anything* heretofore showiy  '" ""7-1-'- ">
■i'V ,-f\'-«7' ■.. "'* <* -Y.'^"" 7y ■ ■"" -■'i77~ "y-
\-   '     >;.v <'■"■ ..'• •   '-•<■• ..yry-v^''
- We can pbsitivoy. guarantee our-customers^that-i
these coats will not'be duplicated ,by any house in 7
; Fernie, and of the'fifty coats shown, in this display
■ 'there are iio.twb just alike. ", '■'-' y   .   - 7 ' y-"., . --;
- .'.The up-to-date wiUmake her choice'early." -'  "'" -7
- /c ■'. "..     „ '"' -\'.    , .' ■"   -■; -     . -..   1 ."t, '.
'   *    ,"*„ , - ,"■''''-'.  - '-    "    T1-'* J'''.v '.-"■        '"'•      •»
1'V"'^    Golf \Goiits   ^il-^i
, 7 .f ,     \ 1    i. i"- *  * 1     ""        . -        ».       * "     ^* «■ '   «»!& V '■f"   t   r   ^ ■*
\ *       s    *>U ^", * {« * • V       k J     t       f     _ I   \ t\'
' A.-big assortment of ,,theise,!'veryvnecessary .gar-; ^
orients in.Norfoik and-loose'coat, effects.7," A big *
variety of shades both in solid colors andcombina-";'
7 ti6ns^,,     :' -'7"-,  .;   "^ - ;.,*'. -' "i ""'•''' \ "«■   \' *%s-
,' Golfers for Missis and Buster Coats for the little -
'-■ones'."""-* * " '.     . 7 \\ •" "\*"-.T 7 , : ,;, ',*' - l3\,,.:"
1. - ,--. "•- -.-.-•  ,;7--     \    -  '{ '    •   \   '/   '  ■- -   -,
'\'''ry''; v v'.L/-*^'-'    '--'-y" 7:c7*--7 y
^Special for  Women
.-.:• .*,./-,>*>■,,>-^'",.     7 '^yyy 7:-"7y
; >. See, 'our Special line of .women's: Coat and Skirt';*.
7»"'Suits at'$18.75.7 .'Regular $27.50.""- .. > - V-y«W-
*'""%"   :-'''-' ''\ 7....V" - -7 -    v   '■  7' "- "-"'7   -'  -
". . ^ Beautifully decorated "with likeness of King* and,;
'* Queen.and Coat 6f;iArms7 ■» Prices up.*to '45c."each"-,
.- ;-"'\      "-'.,''     7-^ "-"- \ - -'- ".",      ...-"J ■ ■      -   ---.'
, -?.,' ;'" , ;*^!f.Saturday;Special,-25c7*   .'■' -7i;->/7|
- x^w-z   .. *
'"- —' i.
. •<*,-■ ,
.- "^- va-*-.^ •   '
;y" ^V:-^
.'•v| •;'>*•. j
1 'r-.?
'"^ '-■■■-
v> y
'..- , o-*:7 .'7 sP" '
f    mmmm Mmmm?
The Crow's Nest Trading Co.
Sole Ajftnls in Fernie
v.    -, "
"Ajrnlnst Iho effort of fho <»mp?oy«r
snd (ho laws of trsde to roplnco tho
skllUia wtili lint tiri»kill<«), the Inloili-
Kent with tho Ignorant, tho strong
with tbo »*«!{, the rosn with tits
woman, snd the woman with tho child
—agslntt Ihe ttndtnty of ihe market
. to tcnKthcu tlm huuu ut laluc, to tut*
bIsr cbosp and unssfe tools snd Inisnl-
Inry conditions of toll, there Is but ono
srki'osrIvo, substantial forco In modern
society today, Thnt forco Is trodo
unionism. Through all the chunking
yenrs the working clsssos bavo supported snd built up th4tr unions In
the face of powerful influences, In the
face of legislatures and courts. In
spite of starvation and J»!l*; in evil repute snd good. They have clung to
them as tho ono thing that stood between them and tbe bondage from
which they rsme. And )nst nt p«rtls>
tently bave the employing elsss, m a
overy menns nt their command — by
class, sought from the beginning by
public opinion, the press, legislatures,
courts and Jails —■ to destroy these
workmen's organisations, And while
we admit their shortcomings havo been
many, we must resile that all of their
methods have been borrowed from
their enu'loyera, bavo boon brought
about about by the natural Instinct to
preserve life In u fierce competitive
Industrial struggle; a brutish straggle
which Is not ethical, but which is selfish to the core."—Clarence Barrow,
Dy Frank J'.' Hayes, International Vice-
President of the United Mine Worker
of' America
Thoro aro songs-for tho high and the
mighty,, ' ,'    7.
Who march on,tho.highways   of
''     fame;     .',.,.
There are cheers, for tho horo victorious   : "•
"And tho world• breathes a Joyous
acclaim;   ...
But lo! In the mlno's devious caverns,
'Mid darknoHS and gases and heat,
There's nn army of unknown to tho
An army that sounds no retreat;
Tliey'ro tho herooB;Of sorvioo and groat
Out what Is their lot, nnd what ls
tholr rank,
And what is tholr llfo ostnto?
Thoro aro roodala and tributes    of
For the wearers of braid nnd gold i
Thero nro mansions and lands and
For the schemors of basest mold;
And they 11 vo In tholr houso of glory
Or loungo In tholr cushioned sent,
Afar from tlio burdens' tho tollers hnnt,
Afar from tlm dust and the heat,
iimn wnom shall,we call to justice/
A.'.J Jtutt t>hall OUMUiig Ihi null*,!'—
Dy the voice of pain of our comrades
Or, another workor JiungT
.vi'm; tumi >uur toncfi ot ktuiator.
And fetter your'llmhs no moral
For the loss of tlmo Is a social crime
When tho wolf stalks.at your door,
Out of tho mill and workshop,    ,
Out of the deadly mlno,      (.
In solid array, take heart today,
And maas.on tho firing llnol    ,<
For tho world Ja moving forwitrrt,
And the cringing slsve Is dead,
And the blood and toars of a thousand
Mark well the goal ahead;
And the <tr«*m of the martyrM teaeher,
And tb* pr*y*r of thi* itnH^nt ****,
Shall live again In tho hearts of men
In the light of the coming ago.
1 Lethbrldge; Alta.', "
.,'. "' ;«;" .'-' ,-"Se^ 5th, 11/11
To the officers and, members of T^cal
TJiMons comprising District*IS, TJ. M
' W~ of A.:— '' Jh ~!. ;- "
Greotlns, - . " t'',,' .
' The time' has- once more, arrived in
this District when the membership of
every Local Union' has a right to no:
minute candidates for tho, various DIb-
trtct offices, and International Board
Member In acordanco with1 your-District Constitution." And ln order,that
every Local Union shall have their own
choice In that respect, I deslre'to state
through, our, District official organ,
that I will not bo a candidate for oloctlon to any offlco connected" with" this
Dlstrlot, ,<  ■ "    -.    ":- --'■'
With best wlahes for the betterment
of the mineworkers of this district, .
I remain, ..
- Fraternally youra,    .
'.\      OH AS. OAUNER.   .
International Board Member,
,   . Dlstrlot 18
the-same courteous" hearing will be
extended to,. Dr. "JVarnock;, When he,
cornea^ before "the people, and we ,be'
Heve. that,he will get;lt. « . y ,:, ,y
■ rWe have Just heard that,tho Socialists have selected a" candidate, a,Mr.
"Fuicher, and that hs will speak aero on
Saturday night.      •• '.'    "       ' .- '
'.'/''        Frank, Alta.
We would like to know who spread
the report around thnt "Frank was
on the pork." It's a Ho!" A Hot He-
cause as "a matter of fact pigs are a
drug on tho market In this thriving
burg hnd If any doubting Thomni wlflli-
os furthor Information wo respectfully
rofor him or hor to Mr, Sidney Ttois,
and-If he should not be at homo .when
called.upon It Is probably because or
tho practice stunts ho la doing ns,a
candldnto In tho noxt greasy pig contest to bo held anywhere In tho district
Why wo would sny call up tho oxproas
agent nnd ask if ho knows anything
concerning Sidney Hois, Mary Rosi,
Jimmy Ross, tho "Ross dog or tho —
plglot, ,      ,     .
Thoro Is a report around town that
wo havo a dlsgulsod duke In our midst
ami ono ot our, local nalr'ock Somes
spirits has received a photo from tho
old land in which thoro Is no doubt
d airing reaembliuico to a local
celebrity, and he believes that be is
hot en tbe trail and will discover .his
Incog, Ornco In the, near fuluro,
Tlio doscrlptlvo dotalls that accom-
l»iuik*) hkj iintiU) lire ol the most men-
gre, but It Is said to bo n custom of
tho Individual who Is entitled to wear
strawberries as woll as eat thorn, that
ho usually sports khaki, has his hair
parted In such a manner that the equilibrium of hfs head will not cnt off tho
dead centre, and likewise hss a docld-
Hly ftrlnfftcrntlr nfr,
_ Should there bo any developments
later will forward samo by aeroplane.
On,Tuesday night John Herron, the
last repr**entatlv* for this constituency Is tbo Dominion ITonss, and bow
tin sirsln'as Com^rvnUvfrnn<tMiiie, rnf-
dressed r> large gathering or the el«c-
(ors fntho Union Hall,  We Irust that
' • .. "Coleman, Alta.-1 ^
y ' .-. September.2nd; ,191'i
To the Editor, District Ledger-
Dear-Sir,— Tho password around
horo seems to be "Castor,^ and hailing
sign "Whore are you bound fort" This
can.be heard,daily around the station
platform and one who does not understand upon asking to find ,-oiit1 the
.meaning wilt learn that'. Castor, Is a
conl mining place hear .Edmonton'to
which many of the pillar men of Colo-
man nro treklng,'
Now,; I do not wlBh to cast any as-
porslons upon; thoso making tills exodus, but in-nil fairness ask thone men
"Is It fair,to. leave too field-of batllo
,to our foreign brothors to copo with?'
Whllo It'tl's quit© correot "that by
thoir doparturo .thoy are cutting down
tho expenses of the union, on tlio other
hand If tho.ratlons that aro distributed
among us aro not sufficient (or mon
who havo boon earning tho most
money what about tho poor follows
.who-woro* only being paid $2.25 a day
nnd aro still standing pat with tho union' on tho wages question, copoclally
as it effects thoso very mon who aro
going to work nt Castor, which hy tho
way Is In tho district covered by.District 18. "floforVthoy loft tholr con-
soling remarks woro "Oh, you'll bo dig*
glng coal,, some day I" but lonye us
to fight out tho battlo. >
The cry is heard oli along tho line
thnt tho English speaking aro going
to work and yet If we foreigners were
to do so wo would bo likely bo branded with that nasty word "Scoli," But
how about tho other follow, Is ho Immune oyen though ho may be",i» union
officialT kamos don't, mnko principles, -poos it not ooomjomnrkablo
to any'good union mon, ono thnt really
knows what unionism means that tho
mlno owners nt Onstor should unnri to
Coleman for njenT
Wo any that "Unity is Btrongth,"
but to bo any good It must bo put into
practice.    ,.
What is tbo moral dlfforonoo between digging coal In Castor that Is
usod lor tbo market, snd digging con]
In Coloman?   -
Asking ovory union man (0 think
ovor what I have said, and (hut principles will bo put twforo tho pocket,
I sm, yours  truly,
Roferlng to tho nso of calcium rhlo-
r'fa fnr laying dust In coal Mines,
Mr Csld-st-H Harpcrsays lhat-(»IeIom
r*hTrtrM*< h«t alry»«(fy b**n frM for a
similar purpose, and failed. In 1878,
Doctor Dammer, of Berlin, recommend
ed It-for freeing roads from;dust,:but y
the roads .treated wltli.lt remained ixs, y,
dusty-^W ever.;'; The reason "it is\ox-;  -
pec'ted to lay', dust Is that',ius hygro-';"'
scoplc.'biit because' It is hygroscopic' It', V
readily becomes'a,solution,' and. when"
in, solution'' it is' easily, decomposed. 7'.
Ferrous^ sulphate ^sobn decomposes vlt',   ;;
so* do,dilute sulphVlc add, magnesium".'"'
Bulphate.'.copporv sulphate,1 sodium car-l.
bonate,' potassium' oxalate,   sodium
phosphate,'ferric aluminate,'and many; \\
others.    Mr. Bolger.of Nowcnstle-on-,'C-:
Tyne,*lnthe course of his researches ,'-
on the ankylo'stbma, found that a 25*
per cenf solution of CaC12, poured.on A,
asamplo'of crushed rock from tho'hot-,, "'
tdms of. three different Amines-at,-25 ('(,-
det,rees C.lost 85 per cent of'its CaC12 '; 7
in 48-bours.    Even while'it^remains ,.nr
undorcomposed ■ ,and. hygroscoplor' it
may'do moro harm than "good.-   For 77
when'only a,llttlo "moisture Is present,   '-'
CaC12 may absorb It alliand-leave■ ,"
nono to lay* the "dust.    Indeed',' jt ia"; -■.'''„
to produco dryness   that 'laboratory
chemists put - it inside' tho ' cases \of
their.balances. . It Id also,stated that , ■■
calcium chloride harms Iron-and steel
only a third na.much as plain water '
doos.   This is doubtful, • * Wator give's .,.
Iron a coating of oxldd which serves'    -
sb a partial proleotlon against further    -
oxidation,    Calcium   chloride   forms
Iron ohlorldojvhlch doos not nccumu-y
late In thlB visible way, but wealtens
tho Iron quite as much.   ,Tho of foot of .
tho chlorides is Illustrated by tho fact   , >
that. Iron disappears as^ast on-a sea ,
beach no on n r|ver,slde.    It is also    '
doubtful If calcium ohlorido would bo
harmless to minors. »It bus a drying    '
and Irritating offect on tho skin, especially tbo porsplrlng sldo, nnd It   '
would hurt tho Winters whloh mlno*'  '
ponies often havo nbovo tho hool, 'It
might, however, bo usoful underground
for another purpose—that of making-
wood  less  Inflammable.—Mlnos and
Minerals, "'    '
Here it is, Waiting for U
FOR BALB-wIll soil for $100 (cost
vuiio'ugjrtiii) «iu(«/ UfSUIi, 111 mo best
of orflfr; 33 s\cw muU;, vCi»aWi
Organ Co.; terms enn bo arranged;
will tako 125 cash, and 116 per month.
Apply ndx 53, Coleman1. Bl
Mrs. L. P, Eckstein.,
—■ii 'i'ii    »' n
lengths, |2.50 por team load at Kon
nedy and Mangansj or call 'phono 23,
'/"O nENT—Two rooms suitable for
min and wife. ApnJr, Jo», LouaiU
Allen. a~t,n
-WKHHIOfwo iw>mo(!. plasietea-
Honse"   Apply, Robt. Wright, Wont
Pernio. , ,j—atp
FOR 8ALB-CH1SAP-A Baby Carriage In ftrnt claaa coudttlou.couiyUUj
with runners, Apply Mrs. F. A. RlebM,
comet ot Dttlton, Jslfrsy 8—tf
1 V Jitr


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