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The District Ledger Apr 20, 1912

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Array l->
£i*
--'- .- 7,'"?° ? '- V  •*"*? .A."' ' " ' TSx7t7y- *':'■- ."'■>'" '» r'Av . ' A-A'**'A'*"'       A ' ' ' "'-', ■"■*■'*.■• A.'>.-7
y 1 ^
i-'. r  Footballs and Baseball
msmtixU-M;m&
I-'.
:   .Wednesday, May ist,"promises to'be
" the greatest 'gala day Fernie has ever
7''  had.'. 'The' celebrations under the au-
,'  '* „ «pice__ of District 18 will consist of a
A' "varied and Interesting programme' and
?7-'a' lartw'icon'courae of people from all
:;7?■ '/along the line is an assured fact.-.'The
7"1 . ' managemoat'. 'committee - are'. hard '. ac*
-    7 work.to.inalce the-affair a grvwiVsuc-
'<['"-cess,; and iw>.pains are"being spared
7; 7   with': that end' inView. *  The business5
' 7      peoplo of Pernio deserve the'thanks' of,
v:
tl.
the community for their handsome fln-f
anclal assistance, which enabled .the
committee,to make their prize list a
valuable one. . .. *
; ;The principal, speaker * will. be. \ J.
Simpson, .ex-vloe-presldent ofythe,
Trades and Labor Congress of Canada,
while Vice-President Clem Stubbs will
also address the gathering. Mr. Simpson is coming all the -way from Toronto, to';-take' part-in the proceedings.
The programme so far is:       .-'.*•
YwsubB&'c\-yy.x\yx
--17
..; l'-.:30 ".yeteranB^Race-(for5members of Dis.  18
'..,--     • ■- •>'", f^1-   • 7 .* ?t- '-,-','••' •     ,     ■'....','
, ,VM)H*   ,  '!' , * 1i,     -    -        *"*,, . '-""-
{        .      I     . , .        ^MIIP. *   ,   *i '.,", -*   •   '   -   V"   -,"   •   •*'••••   •*   ....   ...   *
v 1.45yMile J^ce>(6pen)'i;jr.y-A A"...7..:..;.*""
•'-. - 2.00 J100\ydliu Bice' (fo? membera Dis. 18 j? Xy
-A 2.-157 440 /^hRace^Xopen)^"-.'1.;.'.. A- • .y-i..'_
_■" - 2.30J Gycle Race, oneHnile,!*(open)
over,,,- r
•;50"10,
\50- -15-y
,.50 *'20'-
,,50* 15-v
- 150 -VIB>
',5'
10 ?
10 :
.10"
10
?'5"i
'5
"5
i -2.45 ..First Round;Football,,Six .a"side'(one.club';one 7* -U,'
S   ' ■'"-.*.      .J". -vl      '      -..">VV'i"''/.-l.-^<"'^*»-'''    'J!''i;,'A_.'A'A,'»'«--
I   -7   c4;2§* .Siaglfrr&a<_--_»^__^^
|: 7 r-':i4.35l5 Tu!g^f^ar/ft»!8ide'(dpen^ A'/eai
aTOO—lOO-ydjKvF mjua ^vopenKTTi
-_:'■'_ WA-_A^V?':__>'-~'> ■■^.'.."'"'S. .**■■!-'tf...-
5.15\\BandRace „....*.,__ A ,.,;
AJFree.i.lOy-5 •",';—
.A.each t'eam$370iO7 30'?. ~7',-"—^
-.-<--■■•   -.. •«?■■■'»■-'a',-__,._. ,&•&■■ . .-'^.L
--■V-V-* .
.  •* -VKW'V-!
A$. 30.: rFbotbal^M,r$g £
^,_     •  *- cy.   ,   "   -i '.,;;*.",;.  .
Sports commence at-12:30 on Football Grounds.
[' Fifty dollars will be given forthfe be_it Tradesman's Turnout? \ (Two
.plasties!) ' Judging to take "place atl2/(noon). -•        ^'" "^   "v
Judging, to taire place* 12. (noon).', y       * r    "  J"      A.
!' ,;''  -"    -■ •'•.'"•' OTHER EVENTS •''"i.•■,'
'' A Prize of'$30,00 will bo givomfor'tlio "Junior Baseball Teams, to
bo playecL.in tho morning. A''   - ,    -'",*'' ' ■'
Prize,1 valuo $25.00 will bo given,for a Motor Cycle Race to take'
place in tho evening, A"  - *y.   V ''-''"      ,,, * /    \
Ono Hundred Dollars will-bo given for Horse Racing to take place
in the evoning, *'•    ' '* '      y>
;   Eighty:fiy'o Dollars,'will bo givcn^forClay Pigeon' Shooting.,
• Tog Competition-*^!; Prize $10.00;  2nd $0,005' 3rd $4.00 to the
lady wlio soils tho most tags.',	
-A-Pig will bo given to tho oiio who»captures it. -'Entrance free.'
; Climbing tho Greasy .Pole. .Entrance froo.. - v  '
STARTER:
IVCi. H4RRTES."3notrnatlonnl Bonrd Member. >    """
, JUDGES: *
W. R. WILSON, Esq: R, \V\ WOODS, Esq.
JAS. MILLER, Esq.      and .   T. UPHILL, Esq.
(Bluo Rosottos)
GROUNDSMAN:
CHAS. CLARIDGE,   (Red and White Rosottos).
MARBHALLS:
J. W. GRAY! Fornio.   •'' '   D, II. HTSLOP, Coloman.
MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
MAY
DAY, CELEBRATIONS
DONATIONS ..
... The Management ..Committee acknowledge with thanks* the following
donations, in cash or kind ::;."*   ■ ';■"■
"W. R. Wilson . Ijj ..-.. 7.'.-	
Trltes Wood Co.. Ltd.:........
J. L. Gates~f...y...:....'.....
Mrs.f Jennings ,^.v:i.. ..*.■_.-..
McKay and Rosa.'.'.....;.'?'..".
wm:?MiiiB, ?;..'.* v..Ay.-.
T: H. Whelan'and Co.-........
Simon Dragon- -..'.".". ....-....*..,
Philip Carosella, Boma Hotel i*.
The?Crop's" Nest Trading," Co?
John Wood '. .V. ?-.'.'..''.-.;. .*..*.. >
Kafoury Bros..'. :.'::.:..*..., .-
R.■;Duthie '-..."".V:'.:'.'....':'■..:.'.
Percy ' "Bean;,..'.'.:.. J ?..■....'•,.
The.^Palm '',-';.'. :V. .'.*! ■.'...'. .'.* .'
"W. A? IngramA.,.•!'.;./. .v.S::.
Carmichael - and * Edgecomb A.
How !.Fciqn 7 .'.•*! .A. J.V?!..'.; ":''.i.'.:
The .Fernie'Tort Stiaele^Brewry
■;. Cp_j, .',.; :?:*:.V;-".":'/'."! .■.,.*.1-.;/.
J.-' 'Mclntyre ...; v.%; .v..-.-.... .,:
R.' A/.kerr'..".!.:.'.'. r/. 'S 7: S..''
il. jL.Kastner 1" A. SCl./'.A.?'A.
Wilson "!__nd"*Xan«.-''ii'. .'£■:. J-_..'-,.
The'Hom«'Ba__k nf Canada: 7. *'J
•P.JBurag-and^C^Lk\.^/.'..;.',»;.*50.-0Q.
Cree.and'MotfattV'.-.-.yyv.,?'!'..:.,- .5,?(J0
H. W., Herchmer. .-,..:... .'._,_•-. 6'.00,
W: T: MulraeaH :Y'..\:h"...-..'...-.. . ,v 6.00
$50.00
. 50.00
,15,00
-25.00
25.00
,'25:00
■\ 20.0b1
.10.00
-10:00'
25.00
• 2'.00
' 5V00-
"5.00
. .'5'. 00
. 5.00
; 10.00
y-7.uo
y,,5?oo
■ y "..--•■
' 25"! 00
;,io!oo
* 7.2.66,
.?e:ob
y'B.oo
?J. "D.,,QuaU c?"~:yi<:%tr1.;.;-.«,_?. r^A5,.00"
G\'< P7.Jo|inMm^v.V-...w.'.vh'i.v,wB.ob!
pV;C^_J_imatVon*j'^.i...',.^:A'>'(': ;.•&■ IM'
penile •eYwvPres^'^AVA-'";?.*.."..;*,? 16?00
LMM^said Fiitier .-jAv.^Av;." JO'.OO
.^^fcschwlgf yi ..y,ykvy .-.'.>. 25.66.
3o_meli ^nd-'QprBa^i'.. %.;"..
•Urt/'filiey. ,v. *,yj. y-!.i. »>.
Riizuto- Bros.' -..... _,..':,._;.',,
Torhie Lumber, qd., ptd. ?\i,!'
Hoemer Local Union,... 17,'.
J. S,"Irvine  ■	
.;. . ,,3.00
.... 7io!oo
..v..If., 00.
.-,.. '26..00.
.....  :i.00'
.   V '   .    '    * ,   „    -
«'  Total to date    .'-...'.
.. .xsnenn.
- . Further list of donations will appear
in.our next issue.
You, hia "friends,** aad; those"^.ra-if-i
men who'went'in tfej^eh'ot hiii^l'..'*»if|H
eVer be in our tholighj^-, The gangers'
and hardships of? th^t?terrlb_B^^"cch
for his,dear body';j»_iunever^e.tpr^
gotten by us. Whei^jrou haTe^ffji/op-
portunity will you,.jf|ease, giV§,? the
three enclosed, note-jiijto Jhese^brav'e
men.who. are"*1 B_ient(onej&'.in t_-e'paper,
among'bthersi iw^b\fprj|iid th^earch
party, and will yqu-.sijivey to.'ailthe
heartfelt thanka.of«,'s?il>hja Borrowing
fam'ijy...' Thoughv-sp^far away.-'.'the
knowledge of all the:j^ndi_ ess ijiat haa
been given byyout-j^d many_;to.'--my
dear, brother .will ^ajfmyf. biiidus to.
Pernle'.and I .hope'th^Ve may*' in": the
future!meet my.'deaf .bWher"»^ends'.
"V^ords cannot".conTey.all we7feei:;but
you will know.'!
FOOTilALL
-."••
My-
LaBt Saturday tlies^two old:rljals
met' iii ■ a-jriendly giiune to epe'n.the
Beason "in,-Fernie. '"."" ''"'.\'",'A* '•
*; *A ,very*'good game'*;yvas witnessed.by.
the usual crowd that^ajlwaj-s-fcJrns' but
wh-enever'" a.; football* game'^between
theeertwo is.billed. ,;. There Was nothing "brilll«fnt!' in^;.tte?ilne' oiyioptbali
from'* eltliSr'eide;,, yX,   . -7  7: ' ■'
"Within a.few'Tmiiiutea of th^s restart
Perni^vallowe^xt^C^kltesitdikofe'
^.soft pne''ap?d7ithisvwf_B' the only score'
registered ;t__rpug^i«^tthe gjun'e^'**. .,„
^The ,Creek^yrere?"^iwtainly^lu.cky, to
win, and~a draw^imld ,hair^:been a
fairer! result.upon??-^'T- pl-ayA^BouT
sides mi8^d;oi>p6rt«_^ .Parn'ie
BhOUld   C«_^tnlT.*h__^OCOT«_!i^frf>rri   A"
pld,-tlm^i;|-__d71rue!'aports -'was Tui^t'
the, C_v__ib^gMj«'.teay^
j66m_x>sed^_n'tlr»ly "of residents 'of Coal
Qrfek, and^as we, Ajpsa' heajj* .A^ofyof
«-1__r^-L>___.__^-_^i_>'_?V^^n^W»=ffi^^__U
'^.*^™s^? *«P« tli^e*. $hov
the,-—-t-■---"--     '  "■ -   -"" ■
fA*Wt fbi^^-^s^Baj|ket.aocal^i_nd.
]panco to, b»"_.eUi/in7j^i.Minera'<.>H_ai
*'dn','Monday^yenIng;?_\prIK 22nd. V Any.
thing.in the-siiape bf-a.basket and any
slze.-'tfrpm. k\iitrawberry basket\to a
clothes,' basket)?)' will > be acceptable,; so
get your beat'girl busy and como and
bid !for "em.
a  D. Paton (Chairman), Fornlo.
0, Stubbs, Bollovuo,.
W, Bnldorntono, IIoHinor.
J. W. Gray, Fornio.
1.1, Burroll, Michol.
.R. Jonos, Corbin.
Wm. Grnliam,' Coloman.
Wm, Archer, Blairmoro.
Jas. Kennedy, Frank,
II. WILMI2R; Assist. Sec.   A
W. KvanH, Lillo.
J. Burlco, Bollovuo,
J, Klnuoarity, PusHburg.
J. Derbyshire, Burmls,
J. K Smith, Fornio.
Harry Martin, Fornio.
J. 0, Jonos, Hillcrest.
H, P. Norwich, Fornio,
Charles Clnrldffo. Fernio,
- A. J. CARTER, Soo.
PROVINCE WILL I88UE ORDER
People of Frank Will be Compelled to
'   Move' to Safety
' OTTAWA, April 16.—At nn early
dato an' ordor will bo lssnod by * tho
Alborta govornmont to tho citizens of
Frank living la tho danger zone of i.iio
overhanging mountain, and to collier.,
les cporatlng therein, to evacuate tholr
promises, which, according to the vo-
ooiit roport of tho Joint commission np
pointed by tho.provincial and fodornl-
governments, aro doomed to doat.'uc-
t'tli.'. ,, .','..
This roport, issued nf":or a tlioroinjh
Investigation, declared that if that,portion of tho town wo'ro not vaoatod It
would share * the' fato of tho, portion
which was destroyed from the Hamo
cnuso a number of yonrs ago, with tho
loss of many Uvea,
Tho roport lias npt had tlio offee. of
Inducing tho citizens to ovaouato tlio
territory, nnd with impending doom
dally over'tholr beads'thoy have In-
Blfllad upon remaining ln tho dnngor
.-.ono, it linn, thoroforo, boon .consid-
orwl necessary to mnko an ordsr hy
which evacuation will bo lmpora:ivo,
lurlsdlotlon for lsHimnco of thin hns
nftoi corrospondonco botwoen thc Alberto govornmont and tho Dominion
departments of Interior nnd Justice
boon doctored within tho province
Tho coUlcrlos will thon be compelled to conduct oporatlons In a different manner or nt some other point,
Mst
I
Entrioa to bo mado to tho Souretary
Tho Committee rcscrvo tho right to handicap nny of tho events, also
to •with.tr..r? tho !.r.l twIta w.iw« r\t\t- «,\."'fin.ont cntr.'"', '
A *Rj)(.c.n1 tra-li. wilt niv froTn Bumis nt cheap ratco
Bituminous Miners
Sign Up for 2 Years
INDIANAPOLIS, Ap. 18—By a voto
of 10f».70!> 7-3 tn M.l.lf., mvmhfirn ot .he
Unttod Mino Workers of America. In
tho Mfnmlnniif. ronl flMdn hare rntf-
fie'd tho Cleveland wago .agreement,
according (0 tbo tellers, who complet-
ed tbo counting of ballott last night
„- The-result of the ballot, according
io Secretary-Treasurer    Edwin Perry
will bo tho return of 241,500 soft coal
mfi-flr**. to work within a* week.
The ratification of tho ngroomont
means peace tu tlm Mum.uo_u fields
until March Si, 1014, with the miners
obtaining five, four and'three cents In-
creases a ton on tlio class of cool
mine, and an Increase ot 6.16 per cent
ou other work.
*<!
BIG ,MUSICAL COMEDY, COMING
.' Local amusement -lovi.ri. .will welcome th'e7announcement that'Ardath
and Bach'.1, mnnvilflceiit j'roduction of
tho sensational musical comedy success "Hiram" will bo seen at the
Grand-Theatre on Monday,evening
noxt * During this compnny's tour
through?Western Canada the publlo
and press, havo been loud In their
praise of this oxcollent attraction and
the tour thus.far has proven "a veritable triumph. MubIc, laughter nml
song rolgn supremo In tho gorgeous
production ot, "Hiram," and If pretty
girls, funny comedians, charming singers liavo any appeal .or you, you will
not be disappointed ln witnessing this
jinquoBttonnblo musical comedy triumph. Owing to tho length of tho
performance tho curtain will rleo
promptly nt 8.30 on Monday evoning
noxt at tho Grand Theatre. "Hiram"
will send you homo with a smllb on
your face.
BiggestXy^Hrine 7Disaster Ever-~t39 Lives
SSAfl-'Mat 7G6uld be Rescued-^hHlling
i Story of an Eye Witness
1      *   ' ' .    7y '        \ -i ...   7.,.  -'   -    . ?'
POSSIpmHELZ SO MILES OFF
NEW, YORK, April 19—With the arrival of the Carpathfa at 9 o'clock la«t
right something rlef'nito of'the dreadful tragedy has(been,,received. All
told",there were' 2340 souls on the Titanic, of which, only 739 were, picked
up - by the Carpathia, andv these are
now [considered to" be' tho only survivors. , thus leaving the death toll at,
1601. , The atory of the rescued shows
that',there .was* practically no panic
when the order to lower"the boats was
feiven'and,that practically.all the' women and I'ch.ldren .were saved.
I The shock "when the steamer Btruck
the - berg'? was * not- terrifically, heavy,
although - the vessel?, was' going at
high speed.'. Five;of■ those rescued
periahedin'"the,boats-'from cold and
exposure, but many of the women are
In k precarious' physical condition 'ow-
lng;,,t» the [strain and shock. These
are/flgw belng?'atteride<_,' .to. in-the' bos-
ijltal's.A; In'aonje of the cases the survivors -hafe" gone'?',Insane"; .'following
their -parting-*>ith7__usbaads, fathers
end children;;'arid "the awful scenes
they have witneesed.* '
'J: '.Wh'MLvHlie' .colUuloia- 'occurred two
hundred1/tailors; and'stokers sleeping
iri , tl_e toreeastie"i>'were .^drowned or
crushed and never knew What happened 'th*»ia^-"jL-B_verythIn'_r;w«.s darlq' four
minutea aft«?ir .the^craahjy '■',' ' -;,;v
i^hB^Meatigl*riagjfact,;as,glven7!)yf
the wireless operator of the Parisian,"
was''_____ unqualified'atatement that on'
the night of the .disaster, judging from
tlie'tK)sttIonirf;the;Pirlslan, whjei. he
e8tM.ate»\to^haT^>_)i»n about.^ fifty,'
miies'- *_outhy|It^'of' theVTltanic' at^triej
tTme,'fi_ie etruii_i...,t__e WMU_er*.w_«^jMi.
TtaarjKably 'deah',- <;In all ;'"hisr;ycouraeS
through,; th'bi'd'ay no fog had been "en-v"
cbunteredf*' The,night was fio cleat;
that', the .Parisian's loojcbut * -several
times inl'stobk the starB on'the'horizon for ships'-lights.
1 The operator says that from his In-/
strument throughout tho evoning ho
was sendlnfe out warnings- to other
ships as,to the^unusual condition of
floes in the usual winter courso of At-
lantlo travel. '   All navigators agree
that the condition - waa unusual, that
the constant north-easterly gales -had
driven the Ice hundreds of miles further south than is usually to be expected at this time of the year.
'The Parisian carries only one wireless'operator. ,. He had been at hia
keys for eighteen houra.^wh«n he sent
his final message to the Titanic. He
then went to bed arid was asleep when
Phillips was frantically ■ flashing the
fateful "S.O.S." from the Carpathia.
■'if Captain Haineg^f the f Parisian
had .received the "S.O.S." his ship
could have rushed to the scene.. Doubtless' she would have arrived there before .She Carpathia. ."' *■",, '
'   ,       ANOTHER  ACCOUNT ;
, A  (Special to District Ledger)
...NEW YORK,,April 1?,,2 p.m.—Arrival of. Carpathia, in New York laBt
night brought out details ;of terrible
loss, of Titanic which hit side of big
iceberg on.Northern,sea road of At?
.antic on maiden .trip from old country,, where she was lately launched at
Belfast. A Revised, figures * place loea
atr1601,.out, of total passengers' aad
crew of. 2840. . Six 0^751 rescued died
after being;taken aboard rescue ship
Carpathia. It. ia, significant - to - note
that? ship waa under, orders, from Pre-
slderit-Ismiy^of .White Sta^Line^to
make' recojd "time and -^fa's - going
_^^gh:*Mth__bLlce__lI_^\__ro_____i_orth_
at, 21 v_mol.B ^r^homji^lwhite, other
boats .were'eltheryljfing " at - anchor
waiting for day-'break or h'ad'takra
southern routef to escape icebergs
7j4*sny '.talcs ,'qf herolsm.are^ W J, ot
thereat dlBapter..- .Men pf.^jgh ppsi-
tibq'stood "aside to-allo-w.womeri pas^
sengera'.frojn'the third class cabins
.to'take;to the boats. Good order waa
■keptt.to;.verylaBt thus upholding British traditions of heroism Iri face of
terrible danger. Many passengers
didn't grasp .-fully the meaning;of the
disaster until orders went forth "All
on board' with life" belts."
„*The following story of the end is
told by an eye witness who escaped:
" "Presently, about 2 a.m., as near
as Tcan remember, we observed her
it
settling very rapidly; .with "the bows
and the bridge    completely   -under
water, and concluded it waB no longer
a question, of minutes .until she went
down,,and so it proved.'   She Blowly ,
tilted, straightened with stem verae-.
ally,upwards, and'aa she did thellghta
in the cabins arid saloons, which had
not-flickered for a moment since we"
left, died out and then came on again
for a single flaBh,. and finally went
out altogether.    At the same time tho
machinery roared down through tho,
vessel with a rattle'and roaring? that
could be heard for miles, the wierdest"
sound surely that could be heard,, or
the mind Imagine, 0 at thousands   of
of miles from land,     But   there   was
not yet quite the end.    To our amazement Bhe remained  in ' that upright "
position for a time which I estimated
at five minutes while we watched'at'*"
least 25 feet of the'Titanic;towering,
above the level of the sea,and looming.,
black against the sky.,   Then' with a
quiver and standing' dive she dlsap
peared.. beneath the waters, arid oar
eyes had. looked.for the last -.time, oa
the" gigantic veeeel we had set out oa A
from  Southampton  last Wednesday,'
arid' the'ri-'was left to" us the'gentle
hearing sea.   . And then;with all these \ '^
there fell on-the earth;a moat appall; 7:
lng noise that .human beirig^ver.,jis^y'V
tened to.;' The^^.criM-of.vhn^redrof; ,r
pur_fellow__being_L_rtniggl__ig£i,^e le_7^-4?
cold water.cryingfor.heii^with?'* cry     .
we< knew .conldiiot ,be inawered.". A. ;
,' - Practically ? every . prominent >Cana- ,'
dian, including' President Hayea.of O. >
T. P.,;w«^,t'dofn.;-There.la Just one. *
rajr of ho_ierf<>rthoaei stillivrattlrig-tot' "
word _ of ? Teiativw. A . Twbi of the Uife-   1
boats' from the'- Titanic - have^'aotVyet 7/:
been heard^om %nd It jUa thonght they,,;
may tiavebeen packed *up' br'smJUI'1^
craft which'have ribt'yet jOached, per-." ^
The result will, however,.remain,prae-, .
tlcally tho Bame. •    .•,,, ,-, -.,,. ,1  ,
..Investigation .is likely to be hold
by Britlfih'and American Governments
and Presldont Ismay,' who has been
branded a coward, will bo given an
opportunity to explain the most awful
tragedy of the century.
.' j;
,jr-. •
7-J.'
FATALITY
AT CORBIN
Young Miner Gives His
Life at Work-Fall ot
Rock Responsible
Our llttlo burg Ib having Its share
offntal accidents of lato.    This wook
wo hnvo to record tho death of nnoth-
Wo nro not ofton glvon to boofltlnj.  or vnnnr minor  .Tnlni Wlsnnwlrhl hv
oursolvos, In fact modosty provonts us | name, who was fatally Injured hy n
A B008T FOH THE LEDQER
making uso of tho numerous letters we
receive In praise of our columns us
nn adver'tUJnB medium, For once,
howovor,'wo shall put modosty nsldo
and publish tlio following letter re-
i:_>.vou tills week,     it roads.'
"Pernio, April 18,1012
"To the Editor District I_od(ror,
"Donr Blr,—Kindly withdraw my nd-
vertlsemont 'Chickens for Sale,' ns I
haw* already moro orders than I can
fall of coal on Monday morning Inst,
from whnt wo cnn gather tho deceased was pUHhliig lho empty car into
tho fnco when u cavo took plnco nnd
f-nmnl-ilely bnrM him. * Bome con-
<_liJcrA.'lo timo t'lnp«oil boforo lio could
he ontrlentcd and when nt length this
wns accomplished It was ovldont that
his rano was woll-nlgh hopeless. All
offorts to rcHiuellnle him proved unavailing and the poor fellow novor re-
TRAIN RUNS
DOWN MINER
Fatality at Goal Creek on
Saturday Night Adds
One More for Week
An awful sad fatality occurred * up
horo lust Saturday night, after tho
train had arrived from Pernio at 10,30.
A man namod Isaac Wattloworth, who
hnd como up on tho'train, Instead of
going by tlio usual road, up by tho
storo, ho wont slniight ahead, up the
truck, and tho onglno, in shunt ing
from ono lino to tho other, caught him
botweon tho track as it wns coming
down from tho high switch. Tlio unfortunate mnn wiih Immediately .pick-
od up nnd hurried across to tho doctor,
hn. ho expired shortly aftor rcnrhlng
thoro. Deceased wns a nntlvo or
Whllohaven, Cumberland, England,
where his bereaved wlfo nnd four children rcstdo. IIo was not a mombor
of the Locnl Union, but tlio Conl Company saw aftor tho funeral arrange-
ments, which took placo on Wedm-it-
day afternoon. A good
niimlirimiH nnd friend., ttirnod nut
pay their last roHpocts to dnc.>i.H«d,
An lii(|iioHt waa .hold nt Fornlo on
Monday night, >
HOT TIME, AT SCHOOL
'   •     BOARD* MEETING
Slte-
numuc-r of
fill.    I have aold over twelve hundred !.:alni-d Lon»tti_u»n«_*».
chickens, tho result of ndverllslnt: in
lho tiWu-lcl Ledtm. Bome of my
orders have como as far as Bastorn
Ontario, and West as far' at Vancou-
ver,
I nm, yowni respectfully   ,
(Stoned) A-
Mr. Murray, tho district coroner,
londiicled thu IiK.ulr.. A verdict ot
"Accidental death' was returned.
Cerbln's Pet.—As the ledger Is not
ovorflush with ready cash at tho present tlmo we cannot afford to run tho
risk of a libel action.
LETHBRIDGE CO-OPERATIVE
ftTORP
LCTIIllRIOOB, April IS-The North
Ixithbrldge Co-Oporntlvo Storo ls now
an accomplished fact. Tho first statutory meeting of the corporation wan
held in tho Minors' Hall on Friday
..tu-moori, and tho routine provided In
the compnny ordinance was gono
through nnd now tbo firm 1* ready
for business. The promoters of the
B.h^me expect to get In tbo first consignment of groceries Wednesday and
bo ready for tho grand opening Saturday, April 2<>tb.
Referendum   on   New   School
v.
Trustee Lyons Resigns
On Monday ovohlng Inst tho Pernio
School Donrd mot In special session to
further discuss the quostlon of school
accomodation,    All the trustees wero
prosont.'     Bomo two weeks previous
tho Board decided that It would bo
preferable to make an addition to the
prosont school building.     On tho fltli
inst a spocial meeting wnn called at
which  Trustees  Dudley,  Pedlar and
Egg woro present, and tho original decision wnH rosclndod and n now building was doclded upon,     At Monday
nlKht'H  mooting TriistooH  Uondorson
nnd Lyons oxprossod tholr unalterable
opposition to a new building nnd rtues-
tlonod tho right ot tho throo tru»tooH
present at the meeting of tho Oth to
rescind tho motion of tho provloim
mooting pnBHod by tho full board.    A
hot dlnciiBftlon ensued In which opinions of a pomonal character wore rrec-
ly discussed.    Whon It was soon that
no nmlcnblo arrangement would bo arrived nt Mr, Lyons handed In IiIh resignation ns n mombor of tlio Iioard
ami loft tho hall,    Aftor further nrgu-
mont Mr. Pedlar moved, nnd Mr. Han-
derson seconded, that the question of
location ho Mt to thb electorate to
voto on.     This wns carried.     Tho
throo point* upon which tho voto will
bo taken nro:    1st.   Wlmtlior tho now
building bo nn nddltlon fo the prosont
ono.    2nd.   Whothor It bo eroded to
t'"1 ticrth r' '"' • •   '    * ' '   ""• .    "  f
Whothor tt bo oroolod ftt. .doM. 11
Mr. Kgg wished to Iin plnced on ro-
cord as bolng unalterably opposed to
Iho above resolution.
On motion of Mr, Pedlar, sorondod
bv Mr   1 .f.nrt^rnnn    t)lfl   r/vjtennMc„   of
TruHtoo Lyons was not urceptcd, nnd
that gentleman was to bo asked to reconsider,
A CAVE-IN
KILLS MINER
> 1
Bellevue Scene of Accident Which Resu'i
Fatality
BASEBALL.
Tbo K«rnl.> .funmr UnHclmll Toiim
defeated the "Ramboltrs" by n ncoro
of IX to I, on tho Jtorrontlon drniind,
Wednesday nlnht. The Juniors linv.<
nn exceptionally good team thin >car
and are expectrd by their support**™
to clean up everything from Nelson
to LethbridKe.    Come out and boost.
1.
A serious accident occurred nt thd
Uolleviio No. 1 Mlno, whloh resulted
In tbo death of Mr. Wm. llurthnm, ono
of tho host known and rospoclod mon
of llollbvuo. Whllo nt work on lho
mldnlKht shift nti ono nf Iho tlinbororn,
Tho nccldont occurrod about half-punt-
six on Hiitunlny inoriilng by a rav«-ln
of the roof, Dr, Mui'tion/I.. wijh quickly summoned lo lho spot mid after examination found' that dnnth wiih In-
HtfintiwieoiiH. The liuiiicut wnH Ik,Id
on Saturday nftornnnn, whon tho Jury
lutiii-iied a verdict of accidental death.
Tho body was removed to tho Methodist Church lo .unit tlio fuinir.il
service, which was cunducted by tho
llov. W. H, Irwin, who spoke of the
dead brother with grout rosporl. Tho
body was afterwards convoyed to
Ulnlrmoro, nnd tlio Flow W. I?, Irwin
and Mr. E. W. Christie officiated nt
"Inn v,"." hondfd lv" ihe "illr-ui* T-'iU''
which played the "Dead ' March" In
"Saul.' Mr. Ilurtlinm was a mombor
of tho It. M. W. of A, nml lho mombori.
turnod out In full forco to show tholr
i.,.,, ,./,.„/„,i t,.„ ,1   t.. .l.i ,
Mr, Ilurtlinm wan n nnilve of Thorn-
nby, North or Vorkahlro, England, and
had only been out In this country for
about n year and ton months. Much
sympathy Is folt, for his relative* and
friends arro«s the sea.
Ik'i*o!iM*il wiih _!7 yoars of aim, ami
a native of Yo'rkKhlre, Ennlohd. nnd
was welt and favorably lmomn all
along the Crow'* NV-il l»a«s. Only last
summer he was employed In the mills
of tho MftoLAroit Lumbor Company, of
Coleman, and his untimely demise la
•Inwrely mourned   by   many frlendr,
tt.ow*,(-«M»*«-i-tet3t.4>4WM|
L^_f_**!fti%-j->1.-^ u.
L-_-_-g--e._ei.^___.a__^__._>___j______a___^j______j___jsw&,*»   ,._;**jwj i?-A''" ^A?AA -*-* *7.y;?7^"-A%••' 'l••",_;, 7 AA''"' 7 ;_ : '"AAA-* A- '-A\ '*
. ... - "'^? - *.»
■--■■-.,   "...7V1 *: -7,v *y .7,
..... I'M    ,.
,: \  ,_
-\..-y ..v.
1ft ,.-
-^
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, bTc., APRIL 20t 1912.
PAGJ5 THEBB
A Noted
k
^Economist s$m$s
©^£;3V^ tfyesy y
A^A?{^/m^ syi\s*
17 EVERYBODY STANDS PAT *
'f (Editorial
from, the
Crier.)
Seattle
JTowri'
'>LONDON.~Public"~owner8hIp,:ii'."the
i;- 'dominant '.thought lexpressed -..by* the
,, ff more .progressivefpolittcIuiV and,-pub-
'! "lie men?bf;'i_}reat;BrItainAtoday.v , A,
-LaBt^Bufiun'er's -[railway"strlkefccoup-
J led with-the present stoppage' of",the
7 coal trade, "has*' been, -the principle
- .' means of1 forcing the pace of this ec'oh-
?y omlc education; and has brought thou-
, 'sands of thoughtful'cltizehs in all parts.
' of the country; who treat any; national
.    ;\ movement in this direction, as a direct
,   concession to Socialism, to "confront
without flinching the nationalization
of mines and railways. * * I.usineas mem
,    . r.part - from all considerations, of political and industrial theory, are begin
ning everywhere to canvaEts the.feast-
' billty of this solution.**   **'  *   ■ ...
,'"■ National Mines for the Navy ',
- The parliamentary correspondent of
<"*"■    a' London 'dally says • that It Is most
...  likely, that -the government will, buy
.   out spine of the collieries which  supply,
-,,   steam coal to the navy and-work them
?'"   in ihe national interests.
,<    Whatever the issue of the present
7 ','crisis, the project of state-owned coal
*   mines, for the supply bf fuel .to the Br'lt-
;, , ■ ish.navy is certain now* to be seriously
'':,    considered.     As good a case can be
,,.made out.of a state coal, mine as for
y _ a, state dockyard or arsenal.,    ., ' *
'','.' ■    J. A. Hobson,, the; great ' English
; authority.on economic and socialpre-
y .'■  blems,,states very lucidly, the.case for
public  ownership .• as  a  solution" for
," wage difficulties, and in general"inter-'
A—est to, the consumer.     He writes in
- The.Nation:  ■'.    '      4" .-     "A'   *
„•'   . j?,.'.-," Public Opinion :y
'.'To*students , of '"industrial movements who, like-myself, have long contemplated the" final-necessity, of state
7 ownership and operation of these fundamental industries, this ripening of
public opinion comes as a mournful
-consolation' amid the? current embar-
. .'rassment.   . As'sooh. as the coal beds.
A-situatedin a fewpatches'of country,
,- displacing human, h6rse,.,wind and wa-,
,. ter power," became' the dominant source
- of - industrial ; and   transport '_> energy
__^jiis_S-onsunimation-became--inevitabIer
>V Private, Prof it vs. Public • Convenience.
\ * -."The recent amalgamation of rail-
yway Interests and the growth of^con-
*;- Terences have almost nullified the.prb-
tec'tioh which competition formerly af-.
..forded to traders and travellers, and
"r state   regulation rates ."cannot  afford
:. any adequate or lasting security to the
public.    Capital and. laboiMn' the rail-
way world, organized upon a national
baBis, now confront each other in a
watchful attitude of open'antagonism
which shows no appearance of yielding to the pacific arrangements set up
by tho board of trade.    As long as the
real highways of the nation are operated so as to socuro the highest rate
of profit for, private groups of investors, there Is no security for cheap,
convenient and reliable transport  for
the travelling and shipping public, and
no reliable'monn's'of preventing strlk-
, os or lock-outs from stopping traffic,
private business enterprises,tandscftn-.
not.be'.'grafted on to it. -But;_tvis,consistent with the policy of public enter-'
prise,> for there-'it'need not'ibe ;elee-,
mo'synary.;' .A, ,_ *' 7? . -'**' . .,, -<7
\ ,"As-.Btate 'railways "m^y"; fun "lines
which'-' do. not even, "cover ttielf ' expenses because, of. the public conven-
Ierice8_and other'services they render,
so state mines .which were hot 'profitable',-in'a separate business sense"
might be worked for the advantage and
development of the district in which
'they lay. ■ - ' y *_ A ; .. ■ -
<r "If the' public makes up its mind
that a real minimum in/the sense of
a secure, sufficient weekly Income,-ls
requisite in order "* to maintain order
bud a civilized.existence iri the mining communities, it"will be driven,'to
recognize that riatlonairzatlon' of the
riiiies is" the only feasible way of getting what lt wants." -->   '-  ,
,-- y Conditions of Purchase A
.•'"The .conditions of purchase of- the
private telephones have'been a scandal
and it is°hlghly probable that the "same
conditions, would determine ; the purchase price of the mines and railways:
To avoid this it is necessary to realize
clearly, and to insist on parliament realizing that monopolies whichhave been
merely permitted,to grow*up are not
entitled to be bought at" monopoly fates. - In other words, compensation for
the abandonment, of a monopoly should
in no case be paid by the" nation. Secondly, we object .entirely to the creation of a sinking fund,by means of
which the men; employed iri any industry when it is take'n'over by the price
out of their" whole purchase price out
of their wages."'     *'    ''  *    *,
The,New:Age suggests that "what
ought to be done when the state purchases* any great undertaking is to
raise a special tax on the wealthy for
the specific purpose of purchase. Railway and mine nationalization,"for ex-
yThe Supreme Court of tjhe.state will,
riot .order the -Attorney V-Geriefai to
■bring,"suit against thb;Dupont^awder
Company and "others to''iorce*paXment
bf the assessment levied against them
for the Industrial Insurance Fund; The
Attorney General fetuses' te bring, such
a',suit unless comp'elled-tb cio'^so; .the
Powder Trust refuses.'to;pay"in",any
money to the Insurance';Eund^unless
forced by an order of 7co'urt;yi5Now'
let's*see where this leaves',matters.*',,
•-. When the Chehalls _?owder',Miri. disaster ocTEhrred, killing'eight girls, the
Compensation Fund for such casualties
contained ".270.        * A'A-'-"'  A\     :
EXPLOSION
ample, should be carried out by .a
special supertax, which would set these
industries free from^debt at the very
start" On no other, terms is-nationalisation a''profitable' lnveat_rient_._fp-__the_
The Industriaf Insurance"' Commission , adjusted tile claims' of 'surviving
relatives and dependents, according to
the terms of the Compensation" Law,
and allowed an aggregate of about
f9,ooo:    '    7-      *y   A    •   7
The Comrijission*proceeded to Issue
warrants to these claimants at a small
rate per month. These warrants were
paid by the State Treasurer soo"long
as the $270 held out. Then payments
ceased.   "^" . '..•,,
• The Commission continues to issue
warrants in'il!small sums to the clalrii-
ants. The State Treasurer refuses ,to
cash them.  .,' - '.       ''".','
Inquiry by the claimants as-to how
they, shall,get their money elicits the
advice, in" writing,,from the State Tre-"
asufer that the warrants must-be cash;
ed by the Powder Trust.'
' The Powder.Trust refuses to cash
these warrants of to pay any iri'oaey
v. hatever Into the Compensation Fund.
,7 The* Attorney General refuses to bring suit;, against the? Powder Trust to
force the payment of-these warrants
and other! monies claimed to be due
from the Trust to the Compensation
Fund.       '  . -'   : y 4    ,     ,
'", The justices' of the. State Supreme
Court refuse, to-order the Attorney
General to bring such an action, or
any action whatever against the trust.
So here we are, right back where" we
started.      'A      '*      •,.
-A sympathetic,newspaper tells of
the "court's decision urider a caption
"The Court Stands Pat;" -  So does the
Attorney General; and the insurance
commission, and   the., Powder Trust.
They'all stand"pat. . ' Meanwhile the
supposed beneficiaries   of   Governor
Hay's humane and enlightened legis-'
latlon continue to receive the absolutely worthless" warrants-of the state,
and none of the'standpatters cafe,to
offer any suggestion for "their'relief.
Hear in mind, howe.'uy that the Scib>'/
warrants of'all those, corinecte_d_a_i__t-
In an address on this subject'Professor L. T. O'Shea'.'said that* coal dust in
an explosion actedintwb wa_iy—(l)'it
increased the effect of'a7gas explosion" by Increasing the sensitiveness of
the. gas to explosion, by increasing the
violence and-amount bf flairie, and by
Increasing the extent'or.afea affected;
and; (2) It ,\vas Itself exploBive-v It
was, to* demonstrate the "second point
that the British coal dust experiments
were made. ,A gallery 7%' feet ln.dla-
meter.'and' 900 feet long was fitted
up as'the airway of a mine" with props,
bars,-and"tubs, and with a ventilating fan capable of drawing 80,000 cubic
feet of air* per minute through the
tube. • Coal dust equal in quantity to,
1, lb?"per foot run, or .29oz.'pef cubic
foot, was spread ori the gallery and
ignited by means of a cannon, from
which was fired 10" oz. of powder.
..Instruments to measure the pressure'
and velocity obtained were inserted at
-various points. "Various lengths of
dust .were fired but nothing approaching . explosion was , obtained' till 150
feet, of dust, strewn'gallery was in
front of the' ijgnfting charge. After repeated trials 275 feet of dust strew;n
gallery was taken as the standard length, and with that the following effects
were produced: On exploding the igniting charge a cloud of dust was discharged from the end of the gallery,
and this was followed ,by a rumbling
sound, then, a further and large"cloud
was discharged, being accompanied
by a small fiame, which ignited ^ the
huge dust cloud' producing an immense
flame. When the clouds had dispersed the props were found strewn in
confusion.outside of the gallery, whilst
inside props lay in confusion and safety valves were blown out. This, however, did not really constitute the explosion, ..arid there was evidence to
show .that faf more violent effects
could be ..produced by increasing the
length of the coal dust?
tracts metals, the alternating or interrupted, current Nwill repel metal, 'parti-'
cularly aluminum and brass. ,
Combining the' attractive and repel-
lant'.'fof ces he has constructed a 32-
foot-miniature railroad bn which runs,
at' terrific'Speed.-.a car which has no
,wheel8, rib motor, no brake, and which
moves,practically clear of all except
atmospheric'friction—floated like a
ship,in-.the,ocean In an electro-magnetic fie_d.1(,'"•.yy '' :'     _ '.
This•car'^iveighs.forty, pounds and is
constructed"bf'aluminum and steel. It
is suspended* between .three' grooves,
two\below] and one above.. Brushes
attached'to'the car run.in-the grooves,
but. there is practically no friction at
these1 points of-"'contact,-'and theEe
brushes afe"merely, to guide-the,car.
The inventor,says;that It would be
possible, though ,'not-practical, to run
a trairi of cars 1,000 miles an hour over
a" railroad - so constructed.^ He * says
that a,trairi could be run', practically
300 miles an hour. .   '   .->
KENNEDY & MANGAN
"*        1 '       •>        ■ "A ~ -v -   ,
.*, <• Beastly. Ine
L
don't you 'know, to be con_-
, ."  pelled to work with some 'umber.  . tl is. full of. knots or
,*,"   knot .holes,- t?he grain doesn't,
run straight, arid there are all
'.?,  kinds of trouble.  .        '   , ■
It Isn't Our lumber
Hhat works that way. Glveoa
your next, of der and you'll
find it a_r actual pleasure to
work even in the hottest-weather. '. ,' •>
OFFICE and YARD,  MCPHERSON AVE., OPP. a N.  DEPOT,. FERNIE
hi en engaged in the nationalized industries.' ■ '"'"-.' 7. ; ■- - '
'I The greatest problem connected with
the conservation of the country's .natural resources is "the care and protection, bf tbe woodlands in charge of the
forest service. *"' 7    •
VICTORY IN DEFEAT
"thTTfilministration of the law are goor!
as gold.v It-is only the workingman
and woman?-the surviving, dependents
of those who have been killed at their
toil; who have''to "go without' their
money. ... ■. ._•
Milwaukee Social-Democrats Make Gig
Gain in Vote But Fail to Overcome
' the Fusion Strength. Big Capital-
Ism- Again In Control but Worried
\ Over Big Red Vote—Factors In tho
VEIection.
The Result
tf
Private Profit vs. National Needs
,. "Tho Inherent contradjotlo.-. between
the o|<crntlon of our national mining
Industry for private profit   ond   tho
needs of the natioj. Is ovon moro doop-
rooted, though it has required the pro-
sent dramntlo crisis to mako lt visible
to tho naked oyo,    There Is Indeed in
tho mining industry no such complote
pooling of InteroBta and no such clone
|,. agreements upon prices as prevail In
tho railways.   Such Intereforonco with'
competitive prlcos ob takes place Is
mainly a rigging of tho retail local
markets,    But tho public Interests aro
nono tho loss Imperilled,    For ns coal
bus hocomo a chief nocossnry source
of light, traction, nnd Industrial powor
for our producers nnd ciiBtomors alike,
tho domnnd for a snfficlont, rollablo
nnd modoratoly.prlcod urgont,
"On the othor hnnd, tho actual conditions of tho trndo afford loss and Ions
of foot I vo piiainntoo of such a supply,
Heavy and Incalculable fluctuations of
prices ocour nt tho pit mouth and In
tlio locnl markets, nnd Increasing friction botwoon owners nnd miners ntrgra-
vrttcs tlio trouble. Tho labor problem will romnln ovon moro ncuto tn
coal mlnliiR than In tho railways. For
tlio Issues of wnttoa nnd conditions of
working nro moro Intricate and vary
moro from district to dlstrlot nnd mlno
to mine, thnn Is the case with railways,
whllo tho stnto hns nono of tlio rights
of Intervention and ultimate compul-
nlrtn In tht> tnrvi\nr .T.<V.'r,.r-,* ?,.,.„., ;_
H(> lias ln the latter.
II "It Is bocnuso tho elnlm of tho mln-
ers for n socuro nnd ndcquatd Income
» In return for tholr labor Is equitable in
1 substnnco nnd socially deslrnhlo, whllo
, t'ift method of mprktrie to nnfrn-nn i> »«
cco.iomlCAUy unsound and socially disastrous, that I hold nationalisation of
the mining Industry to bo the ultimate
solution. Tt Is likely that It will not
como about until minor experiments In
state Interference nnd control hnvo
hcui. at((-ni|iied. Hut ttioy will all bo
thwarted by the practical Impossibility
ui' <uiii.H.-UinK private proflt-mntdni.
firms to run unprofitable branched of
thHr hnslne*** in onlcr to rnalataln the
volume of employment and pay kooiT
wngos. Such nn eleemosynary policy j
Is Inconsistent with the very nature of j
For Mayor:
Emll Seldel .(Socialist), 30,208.
G. A. Badlng ("Non-partisan), 43,064.
Socialist Aldermen elected:
The story of tho Milwaukee election
can bo told In very, few words. Emll
Soldol was elected ,two years ago by a
vote of 27,000 ovor tho Democratic
candidate's 20,613 and tho republican
candidate's 11,202. ' This year Seldel
polled 30,208, but was beaten by the
combined strength of tho Democrats
and Republicans united In a "non-partisan" fUBlon. "
Tho onomy Is Jubilant that it has got
tho city back, but tho steady, unrelenting Hbo of tho Soclal-Domocratlc tide
robs their victory of pnrt of Its swoot-
noBB, in n campaign of most furious
and malevolent opposition, thoy could
not chock our rising voto. Thorcforo,
thoy look to tho future with natural
approhonslon'. Even' the moro obtuse
old pnrty politicians cnn soo nothing
ahead but tho recapture of tho city at
tho first opportunity by tho Socialists,
and thnt ls what will happon.
Tho total voto of tho city Jumped
from fiO.407 of two yonrs ngo to 74,320
It wns from this IhoroasOd voto that
the onomy got Its majority, Had tho
total voto romnlnod tho Hamo Soldol
would havo boon ro-oloctod,
The Attention line Its comiionsntlons,
For ono thing our vole Is now more
solid than ovor. It cnn bo snfely callod
Impregnable, Wo hnd ngnlnst us ovory
posslblo agency that could bo used to
Injure us, Nlno ilnlly capitalist news-
pnpors, dny nfter day for two long
yoara potuoned tlielr readers ngalnst
thn Socialist, movoment.soalal Democrat, Mllwnukoo.
The capitalist newspapers and politicians are continually trying to stir
up hatred against foreigriers. The,Socialists . endeavor to -• smooth them
down. Read the speeches1 of French,
British, Russian, Italian capitalist
politicians, and you are told that the
other nations are Jealous* and are just
ready to pitch upon the home country.
Bigger armaments are needed to protect' the home country—and Incidentally enrich the war lords. Contrast
this with tho speeches mado in tho
annual meeting *Df tho French Socialists', by the fraternal dologates from
othor counties, Each speech pour.a
out, not tho tyranny and rottennoss of
other countries, but tho tyranny arid
rottenness existing In tho country of
tho spoakor. Just Imagine Asquith
going to Gormany and telling the Germane how rotten tho British government was, or Imagine Kalsor Bill going to Britain nnd tolling tho Brltnlns
how rotten tho German government
wns, Tho capitalist politicians doslro
to sttr international hostility and hat-
rod to boost the armor plate capitalists, Tho Socialists endeavor to establish peace. For this reason tho
grent common pooplo are becoming
Socialists..
One experi-
irient in which', 450, feet of .coal dust
lay.in front of the'igniter, resulted on
ignition'in the destruction of 90 feet of
the gallery,_ arid something like true
explosionswas"s«t up.   >;The report of
the explosion .was heard'for a radius of
seven "miles.? - The demonstration pf
the explosibility of coal dust was thus
completer—Buftfie experiments were
instituted not only to demonstrate trie
explosibility butto find a remedy. The
obvious remedy was "no dust, no. explosion,", but the difficulties of removing "dust.,frorii dry and dusty mines
were so great that it was hardly practicable to accomplish it.    The Altofts
experiments had 'fully   demonstrated
was to the lasting- credit of the coal
tho explosibility of coal dust, and it
was to the lasting credit of the coal
owners of Great Britain that they bad
by, their "patriotic action  proved to
the world the explosibility of coal dust.
In seeking n remedy theyhad indicated the- lines on which it- might   be
found, but, further experiments wSre
necessary.    It was probable that eventually it would be found that ono remedy suited one case arid   another
suited another.    Watering, stono dust,
vacuum cleaners, and molsturo agents
would probably all find their uses,
What was,wanted to provo this was
that In all pit experiments on practical scales should bo mado with the
method that was most suitable to tho
special conditions of the particular
mine.
GASES
There;was a good company of members of the Yorkshire Deputies Society
at Hadsworth, to hear a lecture,by Mr
T. Bradley, B.Sc.   He said that' as it
would be quite impossible to go into all
the question of gases that evening, he
would ask his audience to regard the
lec.ufe as, an introductory one.     He
intended to go back to the origin   of
those things they were going to speak
about.'    To the' thoughtful student it
was not enough,to say there waB firedamp present in a mine'     He .wanted
to know where it came from' and; why
it was there.    It was' quite his idea
to instruct his hearers only for their'
work. .  What,he believed .of almost
equal importance was that men should
beinstfucted for their leisure, and he*
therefore,, intended to .depart a little
from a purely .mining lecture.    They"
were going to consider gas.    At one
time all gases were considered to be
modified''or'impure air.,  'The word
"gas" was invented in- the year 1600,
to, denote the seriform condition of
matter.    .It was the same as ghost,
arid was derived ■ from   the   German
."geest','—a'spirit;    It was thus to be
seen' that ttie word meant something,
intangible. Gases differed; some were
light.5-others heavy;   some,. such a*s
hydrogen,' burned ^with a blue flame;
othefs.-iodlne for'instance, which had
a purplevtint, we're to be easily seen;
some could be" smelt, others could be
neither seeri, tasted nor smelt,   Samples of the above were "shown, the oxygen relighting", a..glowing splinter of
wood' and eac__:acting just as the lecturer said it would, i ,'It^was only 137
years ago,, that'gas was distinguished
irom^the^atiriosphefen—Irr*1772;"T}rr
Priestly just discovered oxygen in the
air, arid in 1871; Cavendish discovered1
hydrogen.-.'   Gases,' said the lecturer,
are .possessed of,enormous power, obtained by releasirig them at high temperature. . As an example'  he   said
that the super-dreadnought the "Orion'
could discharge • her ten guns every
two minutes, and the,energy given off
was equal to the'.llftlng of 30 Orions a
foot high each time th<. ten guns were,
discharged, 'The elasticity of gases
allowed of their filling all space available to them.    Some gases wero heavier than the atmosphere, and laid near
tne floor. , .Two examples of this were
to be found ln the "Cave of Dogs" ln
-nod ok aeeBunt of dogs
bolng unable to,live In It, and "The
Valley of Death" In Java, whoro carbon-dioxide was ln such largo quantities as to cause death to any animals
going into it,    Tho lecturer kept his
hearers .deeply Interested by his explanation of tho molecule and tho way
prossuro of gases wero caused.     Ho
spoke of the many mysteries the scientist waB socking to solve, the greatest
of which was tho mystery of tho origin
of life.
Hotel Michel
Michel,; B.C.
HEATED WITH STEAM    '
»'
Lighted with Tungsten Lamps
Ostermoor Mattresses
'   Clean' Linen
Pure Food
Rates ?.. $2.50 per day
,W. L. F0ISY   -   Manager
HOTEL
VENEZIA
The New arid
Up-to-date Hotel
*'" *' c, .7"      ,C
Every person likes to be' comfortable, , *We have "the .latest
design of steam, heating apparatus in every room. Our menu
is the best. We guarantee satisfaction. Two blocks from C.
P. R; Depot. Old and new faces
welcomed.      . , ..
New Michel, B.C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
AN OLD FRENCHMAN'S
,   INVENTION DEFIES ALL
GRAVITATION'8 LAWS
LAQORER8 ARE NOT NEEDED
~Z .1—
Phr* .tHudi* 3.1. (}_-..,<,» ,.in. cio^ft im
meals.
From hor tholr child hmo learned Its
prayers;
Sho rIvoh him courngo when ho fools
- -•': ,....*._ k._.aUc.t \jt nmi Uiren,
She makes his llttlo Income sorvo
To  keep  tlielr homo  a  cheerful
place;;
Whon fear doprlve»hIm of his norvo
Uo flndfl thst li(ip.t ntM TFirhf,. I1/.1'
face, .
He soon would full, without Jicr aid.
To keep their little hark afloat,
But he ia my much afraid
To hare her trusted with • vote.
-    —H. Fl Kltcr, In CJik*/;*» n«*.*ori3
.l*rs.W.
Wlillc Jt Is truo thnt wllh. tho np-
pronch of spring thero nro fowor un
employed In British Columbia thnn 11
few months ago, there nro moro than
sufficient laborers In this provlneo for
nny demands likely to nrlso In tho
qouiHo of the yonr. Tho Immigration
of laborers from tho United States to
Canada should bo dlsconragod until
fnrthor developments hnvo grontly,
changed the labor situation. Immigrants from,tho United Stntos nro
bound to b« disappointed bocnuso of
tho lower wages, higher cost of liv.
lng, nnd tho great uncertainty of obtaining employment. Lnrgor numbors
have boon attracted to nrltteh Columbia than can possibly obtain work, although   the  provlneo  Is  developing
rnr*MI:» "«T^;. ;< .fu{ ;4UJ> ,,„,,,*.„
durlnf. thin winter vihfn the rllujillw.
of tho unemployed In Vancouver has
not boon brought to attention by d<>m
tftuto Americans Booking nsnlstnnce to
got home. Not loss than 3,000 Am-
erirnnR hnvr jwirmi•"/,•*"!»]• ;.j.,.w,.»
from Vancouver nlono since November
1. It should nlso bo ndded l hat tho
laws ngalnst vagtancy nf;o vory strict
nnd rigidly enforced in Vancouver.—
.exchange. '
Or. de Van'f Female Pilb
,\ rel(..til« VitukU --ti_U.fi/stirrer Uil*
Emllo Dncholot, a grizzled Frenchman, , living lu obscurity, nnd for a
long time noar to poverty, but for
twenty yoars n patient, though unschooled dolvcr Into tho hidden mys-'
torlos of oloctrlc forces, has demonstrated an Invontlon which-doflos tho
world»wldo  and   seomlngly lnfloxlb!o
laws of gravitation.
In his shabby laboratory In Mt. Vor-
non, N, V., Tlacholot exhibited his wonderful dovlco to n party of frlonds, lio
having rocelvod on tlio previous day
his basic patent rights.    Only a fow
weeks ago tho Government patent exports bollovod the man out of IiIh bond.
Tho performance In tho laboratory
was wolrd.    At tlio touch of a button
thoy saw a 12 pound metal wolght
rising in midair, resting solidly on nn
Invlslblo cushion of olortrln curront,
Thoy plncod tholr hands on this weight
nnd pressed down.    Tho wolght wobbled aud squirmed upward llko a ho'--
low boll on wntor.
Tlacholot mndo, thoso  experiments
...civi. u. Kniitiuumnttti uw now scientific .-..'jd.'k  i'}.'..... ..',' ..„a «.,..-i>U!'.
to n tr.iimi.orl.iUon HcvH' ■*•» wonde.
fill 11s to mnko ImnplnaOon mn\.
lip explained that tho principle U
that of eloctro-mannetlo rcpulnlon, Jmil
."'. .   i...,v.-*.   v»fc   .'-•£   '»^ ?i   ii'iiWllll  V.lfl.lO
naRtietlc attraction.
Tlie boy with his horseshoe mogn.it
knows that It will pick up n! need!..,
tlachelct has found nn altrrnatlng elotv
trio current, or wnvo, that driven the
nwlle nwny from tho mficwf—-.frfiyi
it Into tho air.
Rheumatism,    Lumbago
and Lamo Back
cnn bo cured by the groat fruit kidnoy
and liver romody,
/FIQPILL9
Drantford, Ont, Aug, 13, 1011
Your modlclno, Fig Pills, has worked wonders for mo. Tho rheumatic
pilns hnvo enttroly loft mo nnd J '»'n
everything to your romody. You nro
at liborty to publish this,'— It. U. CrII-
nmn,
At nil dealers, 25 and GO cents, or
Tho Fig Pill Co,, St, ThcmriB, Ont.
Sold lu Fornlo dt .Mol/Oiin'fl Drug nnd
Hook Storo,
Musical
Instruments
Just received, a shipment of
EDI80N PHONOGRAPHS and
VICTOR   QRAMAPHONE8.
Hundreds of latest Records,
Violins,    Guitars,^   Accordeons,
Sheet Music, etc., ete.
MACHINE8  80LD  ON   EASY
PAYMENT , PLAN.
KENNEDY'S
DRUG AND BOOK STORE,
New Michel
"THE REXALL 8TORE,"   .
HYJV.II'N-M OI' ti..AIi MINING
iii<:ni;i<ATi»iVN
COAI. inlnlni. rltflit» «f tlio Dominion, In Mnnltnlm. Hnxkatehnwnn ami
Alljor.fi. tha Yukon Territory, tho North
WeBl '.'orrltorlflu nnd In n pert Inn of
tlio I'rovlnco ot liiltlth Columbia, may
nn ItniHftil for a term of twoiity-onn
yearn at nn minimi r<-ntnl of ft nn ncri*,
Nut moru llian _yo. aoroa wll bo loaned
to wm npr>l len nt,
Application for tt lcn«o mint he mmtci
by   (lit)   itiipllrnni   In   pomori   10   lite
Ar-cnt   fir wn»i. ^rr„««   ,.r  d      ,!',;,!   .  ;,,
w.iiKii tho unfit* applied for aro xltuat- j
ci, .
In mirvoyol territory thn land mnut t.« I
(](<ttfil)i.'i) liv >.<(.||i.i)», or j_>tfji_| »ul>-.lhi- .
hIon* nf fi*fil(in», nnd In unmurvoyctl I
t.'tHu.iy Ui* «r.'.<. npiilftil fur >..4ll lm .
»UI<i>(1 out by llio nppllrnnt hlmMf. '
Knoll uiillciition muni ba necompnrili'l!
by <i f<*n of .5 whlrli will bo rcfiiiiilul If,
th** TlrrM* npt'H'"' for nvn nr.t ., »  ' •>
but. tuA uni.,1 WIM',       A  I'O.V.llt.V d J J III)  l>t> I
liiild on Hi* m''*ri.lmnt(.bl_t output of tb'* *
mlnfi at the rntu of flv» cent" pir t»»p, ,
Tlm jirrmm nporatlnir tlio mlno mini! <
ftirnluli tho .\KPiit with iityorn r^tiiriin '
nfo.iu.it111 ir for iIip full ounntlty of mor-
olmntrililr, conl mined tn dpnv tho t'"",'-
tiliy   thnrt'on.      If   tbo   roftl   mlnli.it!
rluiitu  arc not   b<*lnK  opnrnt.'il,   nu\\
ntiiriin phmilil  bo furnlnhrd  nt  I''-'*t
on/*^ n vi"tr.
The Cash
Grocery
Hosmer B.C.
Pay Day Specials
Anplos, por box 12.15
AlHC-'iirrui! |»«r ho\ ..|1.50
HjiipN, cwt $2,25
Lemons, por doz 30
UranKOs, rogiilflr 7fJ for ..   .60
"    roKuIar .CO for 40
" i-OKulnr ..0, for ,.., .30
Hulk Ton, roBUlar .DO, now ,2S
Tomalotw, (1 cans for ,..,$1.00
I'ofiH, lloanut Corn, mlxod
0 cans for *1 ni
lm» Sale applies for Cash only.
W. J. Cole
BELLEVUE
Hair Dressing
Pool"       X\
1 1 - -    \ _
Billiards
Cigars,
; Tobaccos
Bowling Alley
■    < t> 1
""v. t I
Drop In
Southern
HO TEL
BELLEVUE, Alberta'    "'
. 1
1,   ." j
i
. "1-              '
1  ■>             1
1                                  ■"*"           \
.  :Every    , ,   _'-•:,
'convenience-
, ' '.and- yyy^S ""'
^ yy   " " m
1           "ft 1
attention
y       *■'
-' ii-
...     ' '. "    1;
■  Meals that taste like •'
mother used to cook
Best in the Pass
William Evans, Proprietor
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wliolosalo Dealers ih
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
E. F.  RAHAL
Wanted
V.'ANTI-H) 1>y tlio HIllerfiHt Co OiM-ra-
»in* Kocioty, Ltd,, cnpalilp manngor for
t
a ',.,-ral storo; alio thorounlily nunllfi-
-d Iloolvl«.«iMir.    Apply, with roftsr-
The Hotel
One of the
Tit »
£>esi
C. J. ECKST0RM      Prop.
Lethbridfee, Alta.
Th" l«;i«« will Inclufla tlio t*w\ ml*In\t
rlftht* nrily, hut lho lf**«f may »«- i.-r- ■„..,„ ,,,..} „-i-rv ,.,»,,,,.,»   ...  r„' a •_
... .......      1 ml tint  in t,tiic)i.i>-(« whsl.'v/ir fiin",*'     '•!'.'r" nnn iiinrj  C'.pti.uu, 11. ,lu..U »•»,
, srirntiPtKhnv..r«irM.^Hii«f^fi/v,j;^;;;,f1;Vlri«^" ■
Th-.„ * Mf-ft for TJiniij- j fa ib.    Tom. U Jolm**'■"'.'■•'.'">' '."' "J-,:.l«_'/*_.,n» ft' <i>» ■"*'"■*
lato mayor of CIovDland. who wsn
 ^.,.„„,«...1 r., ntt>r- oxpfcriMenifd with tfi«
th* R«**t«_i. iirni ro., stTrtttiitviA^iVii't j. r"rif tp..; of ekttro-roaitrittk r«pu|*ioti.
ledger Ads toys Gel lare^r:!::,'™."S^f 'I:
nt the tnlf nt $10.06 %n atrt>.
_-\»r ?•■!! tUortnaltem *(,!-•!'«' "
nTwuM l»- in.i.l" to t*>« ll<.«r«tairi- «>. thc
f^pftrtriKiit nf th« Int»(Hor, Ollinn'n, r»r
l.» «n>■ A.J.-M or X_ib'AlC*tit *rtf IVi'infff '
Ion l-aml*.
W. W. Cory,
r».[.in*.- ^r:t\t ...c ut u.« ii.tn„>..
N*.I.—l>i*Hti,orif*-«l fuhllfnticn erf thl* '
«_l»*r(l»fm*i.t will no*, h* ptttd for.
.' >b. r:.l
•Treas.,   lUlllcwrit   MI;h"J,
A. VAN aiRSEWALD
! THOS. W. COHSAW
i
<■   Members of the Victoria Real
I Estate Exchange
: Shilokh 'Gun
" 0U.CKIV »T0I>3 COUOMB,  ZUht* COtOI,
| NMIS THC THR04T 6NO LUMOtt. to CP.TS
;Wr.l*s t:. for Infonnettoii about
home? and iuvatuiiuU iu victoria
P. O, Box 000
Cot, Port and Quadra Sstrcets. ^x^y^yxyx^ysy.,-*yyy '**;;-■'yysyxxy-• *„y; a'a-?--*<;a;a e^AAyw--o^^i^s^^^'
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acquire tlie fiiucfe ncedcdroom,
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'Men's ?U?nd-erweaf?;?7Ay
' m,<»7-: "-°   y   V,      .1 7 A'",0*" "    ' '-' Sale Price'
v.
yy ."'s^/^.'.i",.?,--•",;, y 77*^"
Men's Balbriggan Underwear 7,.    ,'' A,    'A
. Natitral color,* regular $1.00. v .r- -.	
' Pink color,'regular $1.00,... .\ .".;... .\ . .*•'■ *r- y •;«•
Blue coloiy regular. $1.00 ,,'...?.... 7*  • ■ 7
<, Brown color, regular $1.00 ,- v; • • •
y   /      '   °        FLEECE-LINED UNDERWEAR
'Natural color, regular'$1.3!j .';...'.."....' yy"--
Brown co^r, regular $1.35 — .',;	
'. Fancy stripes, regular $1.35  — ... •.
Grey and black mixture, regular $1.75 ..-... .<. „".,.
.770
770
.' .70
".70,.
.   ,/90
A« .90
.$1.15
Sale Price
' , Fancyl'Sox,'men's,, regular. .60.,. ■.....". 7. _-.'.._. ..-\....    .w, ^\f.
res
y**- *v- ; , ^**7"¥vyy?.Aiv-r-7^ ;?yA%A^^y7^7W'-S''7't?7'7A':iB7
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■*   l!    ' "   • i i     '    -«■* _>;.^ «   -*•  \\   -^ _#*4 ■**• * ^   ji   4-    •*• **    "^   "*",»  l1>.   7'".t,^7  f*  ■-  '^s'-' -S'1__B^
Men'vsSGlothingi
'    -,        .        1        -.        ' ,l-i<.       •:•   f  V.''    BV,      ,       •_    -♦  -   .".'      <^T„
,"''•"'     l„
\;-;y-i:*"yi~yv .
'•-77 ,y,'- "•?;,^7',|7|
'.', Sale*Price,
':,yvMeh's Fancy Tweed^uite,' regular $8,507 ...... v>i,. ....^. v-7.?5i50;^
^ularl.35. ............, y^;.> ,A',./. y ,7 ,.20;^,; ^V;J>, ',  " ;,y7U;',^^regmar^?06A.'.v.;:yA
j> -". -\;» A regular 7;'25".. I'.'..'..".'': 17; :...;..y.'. .yi .X-.'.".  • .15 . y'.' U.y, Me^s | Fancy-Worsted Smts/'regular- $ll!50 A< V 7,'..._ .A ,7A*?$7j56^
''»-'   regular ?20.A '...,,.-:. AAA*:....'. X  .10, A   '''."*-"»,.     7'' 7 ':.'».!' -regular $i3V,V:i;',/whVj.^.:^^O,$9;60 .«
.90
.65
Men!s Working Shirts
.'••y' ' "       ■','''' ',>     Sale-price,
Heavy Cotton Serge, black, regular $1.25 , :....'.....,    .80
Heavy Cotton Serge, brown,,regular. $1.35 ...
IIoavy'Kliaki, regular $1.00 '.' .'..
*   , ,i,i ,
. * i
, ,  , i
Negligee Shifts
(Collar Attached)
Fnncy Stripe, regular 75c ; B0
"     " v      regular $1.50 A'. ^i-00
" "      regular $1.35 n.., »>. •» < 90
" "      regular $1.00    '.70
Negligee Shirts, regular .75 > »0
Fuuf,y, colorod, vogulnr M'., '• •" ^5
AYorking Sox (men's) colored cotton,regular7l5,now^3 .pair, for   .25 ,
- "    '■..».'*. Wool; greyj'regular .35 per pair, now,...;. .V .20
m7    ry,] k   Wool,- grey, regular .25 per pair, iiow,.,.'/.'. „ il5
.   .J.
,   . "1*
Mean's Gloves??/     ;'
y   y   S \;    Sale Price*?,
i •    <  /> i i *    '        ,       .?    ^ * >     ' EA
.Gauntlet, pig skin, regular* .75; ..■.., ,;...,...,,.....;.    .50
Gauntlet, horse llide, regular $1.50 -.,., A ..,-..._,.....,. •". & IB
Gauntlet, horse hide, regular $2.25 ". ;••,••• $1;B0
Gauntlet, horso,hide, regular.$3.25 ., ....'..".. -,: •    -W
Horse hide Gloves, regular'$1:50 ......? ,..,".,: A.'.V... .7?.$1.15
Pig skin. Gloves, regular $3.00 |.,'......;'...',.    .70
Canvas Gloves, 3' pairs for "; V 2f*
"" " 7
",, y "> y ,: regulal- $16.00 ■. .*,./.,..•..• • • •"-... .$11.00^1
';''y "^"^Vregular*$18.6p 'X. SS. Al AA. X.:.'. '.?12#£*l
";.", •/,».' : regular"$22.50':X.i.';.':.SS..'.*.'./.7.$16,50yi|
'i'   1 ^A" X regular $25M'.-.v..;. .'A?y";;Ar,'.-;..$18.0p^
-,, *,,
Pants
,.)
1.
Overalls
Overalls, black, regular $1.00 ,
'.   ,M      black, bib, regular $1.00 . .*,
'"'      blnck, bib, regular .75 ...
striped, engineer's,",regular $1.25 ......
striped, engineer's, regular $1.00	
■ /
, i   ,
t.    •»
it
..,»..»*•».*
Sale Price
 ..75
.80'
.50
.90
.80
Fancy stripe, regular $3.50 *... .*•'...,.
,' 7    " , ''"/  -regular $2.25 .......
Corduroy, regular $3.00 ..'
. .-  ').'''       ,   ,    ■ ,'."'    ■
n     ' s- ^ >}
i tt** t »•»«••* t
MMMlMtl   I
''/Sale, Price ',
.i.;..\,-i;,.*i2,.5q'4|
..A./^LBB'-
.;.; V^2,0-0A'
!'   .,*   I      *-. ""*   '■ ,, "-'->
Suspenders
Fancy stripe, regular .65 / ••••
"       "• regular .50 \....,"'. • ;.,.?........
"      "      regular A0 .'. . .'>•	
'   ., "      " ,   regular, .30 ,.,,'. ..»>>	
■" Working Suspenders, regular .50 .,,,......, 7......;.  • r. .
" "'■        regular, .35 ....' «•, 20.-
-!   11.|,1-
Salo Price, 'I
....    .45"
7...   .35
     .25*
,15
,35
WW ^
Women s
Laidies*  Hosiery
l.Iauk, embroidevetl, regular .05	
Black, Cfmhinore, rcgulnr .65 ...
Afworlod colors, embroidoretl, regular .50	
l.ladk OiiHlituera, regular .'.15
Black Cotton, regular .25 .......
Black Cotton, regular ,20 ..
|i**.t*t«   * a a a a a *
.*.•*.   taiaaaa*
tati*!********************9'
«  t *   I  *  *  I  t '
• f  • t* • » I <
Wrappers for Women
In Grey nnd Black Mixture, regular $2.25 $1'C0
 $1,25
>.««.i«..it, &1 7**>
'» *   &       ' '
^/V^^rfVS^/S^^^*
Children's
Hosiery
Black nnd Colored Cashmere, regnlnr, .ao » „ «*"
Uluvk and Colored Caw.ntK.ro, regular .25 .. *.'. W
1 .lark and Colored, Cotton, regular .15  •.W
Blouses for Women
Silk Tflfotta, assorted colors, regular $4.50 ..' .,.,..,,,, ;$2 75
Silk, Japanese, assorted eolors, regular $2,50 ? .$1.50
Silk, kace, assorted colors, regular $2.25 ". ; .$1.00
White Lawn, assorted colors, regular $1.00, 70
Colored Print, regular .(W l ^B
««.*>»*•■.i
ft        iv
Fancy Colors, regular $1.25 ..
Underskirts for Women
iikek £j*(i<i, muter $2.25 .; '  7.......'  -P ■«[
Black Satin, regular $1,50 ,.,,,,,,,,.,.f.. ,, .$1.00
Colored Underskirts, regular $1,50 $1. W
Black Snt<?on, regular $1.00 ......,, ,,,,,,,,,...,..   ,80
1.1    ,i     .,   1 ">i.l«~n,l  OL.nf    *i.wttn* ^^ t,f\
*a 75
MMIMM.
osmer Department Stores, Hosmep,
t
Dry Goods,
Groceries,   Boots and Shoes, Provisions,  Fresh   Fruit   and Vegetables >*a*V -,:7;./-A
, ^ ",i'"-,^_-"^   " '<, - y:>v?._*'„''■*---"'--■> v- ,y.
-;   •       ■   r/°     ..'-.•*      .--',--•'-'-
,   "-%»,;-       .^  Y
b' * ^ ,* /xyx^s;.yy^^yyyy *i$;<yyyyyyy?yyyyy '■yxxy
I J> • . -. .^ ;:'Yt_*!y.\,*^ji-/.,, .y^AyKy- .-,7- -7 A.   ....'"■^-y^'-ATy ' "■
''' 77 A v '
•',? •'7iA,."7 "'"^-V. ? ?*" ..<■
.     r-      i   .
','y ';;7y?THE DISTRICT'LEDGER, FERNIE^ .B. C.^ APRILi 20, 1912.      ,.'
.*■*■
PL***.
PAGE FIVE
.<*. i
\4'
- _•--';.Much Ttias, been'wrltten';aiid'• saidMif
17 late^ witH, re^rd-'^ltiw^W.^'W^Juid
" -'^orie -ndiTiduafsspectei*^
a the Pass, has 7rl(t^ii-1iff;le(tery on;t^6,
,: _. ^    ' ^subject; ~ which:«we / 'SpAndtY' tftnlf >'. "if
i-;f ,. -either appropriateAor-?-to'''jJie bestiin-
'7 ?",-,' tere_jts?of-.organl_^dAabbr.to'"publish.
i*y~ A^or^hlSjbeneflt and.others?*who?f__iay
"'- ~ *'; ijbVjnterestedTitt^thb ■TBubject.lyv.e'pub-
*47lis__- Iwlow"a spe^cli'dellVeped hyVVice-
\ -;. President Clem Stubbs-at the'Coiiveii-
' y tion ?In opposition; \,to'. *: a-'"•_ resoliitioh
,., brpuglit forward?to,endofse the"tactics
Vybf*'the I.,.w7wA MrXStubbs 'says .V 7
, v '-■    .-'-i.-.•'._, _y.- * <;,-.^-»   ■ V-'-''-
.;-/,,»■ I ^prqpose^to . deal-.in;\ the * first-,in-,
-y stance-•.''IwithA the' AorennlzationV-to
y. which Brother Elmer "belongs.! • would
y,7y;llke"to point out that some three years
•;   'Aqr.so ago'l took*' the'."trouble, tb find out
..**' "'exactly what 'was the position of the
■•■   .Industrial Workers of "the World, a:'.d
.'<   Just .exactly where'they   'stood, ?*and
;, '- ' with tHat .object in View I got in touch'
A     with Vincent St. John, with .vrioni our
.'    ? friend'and .Brother Elmer wlU-pos..ibly
.'   , be* acquainted.    I received from Vin-
| 7     cent St. John a copy'of'the constitution
'<* i . an<l other literature'in'corinection with
\;    . their or'ganizatlon^'and I must saytthat
y so far as.thOpnsti.utionlg'c'oncerned,
'.yy- it *is .the?best constitution ..for ^any.; or-
'■'- , '.'ganlfcatioh.that I have had the'Tp.ea-
; ' ;7 sure to peruse? ';? Bur I, would like" to
say thisalso. that the mem'beVs of that
7,7' .'organization do not .carry out the'pre-
A'y cepts' laid down,in their constltu.loir.
ry The i/jfvVw at this; particular time
.' "Aare;taking the position of attempting'to
'7*-7 disrupt organizations, both craft- and
> <*•'*/ ,'industrial from;ther.inside.. ysVe.havv.,
7A". heard-on the floor.of this convention
A;  today" that'.our organiza,tion.*is*invin-
'■/,   cible from-the.outside,Abut7we,.can
: A  readily'-understand -"what 'ii-'mean's to
';•;-.' - tavo men- working from?tiie^inside "of
7'7'.our. own 'ranks.   1   "'""   7-   **-,,',    ', "'
*7;,     * 7j      " -; '■ .. y-y ,r ,.
; y    : So far asrI personally am.concerned,
*,' .i whenever I can be, shown a better?'way
y .„ than the one I haye hitherto* adopetd,
7.*■ il-airi willing to accept'it with all speed.
S_ • but I.want'to point out that'?the object
-'.-, \.tii the industrial-Worker's .of the"1 World
' -.;,is to organize for "the abolltion'of the
7;.'.wage  system,''AND, THAT* IS, NOT
i  ";y-WHAT THEY ARE'CARRYING'o.*UT.
",'-!Their -object in-the.abolition of the
.wage-system fits in',with m"y p'wn ideas
v,   exactly; I have always?done, and am
f '    still"doing,'.what-little it lies in'my
■s 7*.' vPOwer to do" toward the abolition of
~\ ',' 'the system, and with its abolition there
is also, abolished all necessity for- any
-iiud-oWab6ri_.or_ianizationsr^B"Ut~it-
:.would "appear tliat .the members of trie""
X W. .W.* do'not understand .their posi-
.tlon.   -.The .-position of.the labor .or
{"-,'' ganlzatlonsoftoday-is one" by', which
ix 7they*try to affect the-market-price of
'■uy-labor"-fawer, and according toAheir
>6nstitulion  th'at",is  a 'matter ' wftli
- which they have no-business to meddle
.since their solo "aim and object is the
..abolishment of the system altogether.
, Their concern Ib not with, the 'mem-
•\.hers of labor organizations,- not with
; the people' who sell, their labor, power,
but .with tho, abolishment "of the wage-
." system purely and*simply'nnd the ac-
,tunl removal of. InboV powor from the
category of commodities.     * *
y \ nm quite at "n loss to understand
■in which way. the working.class of nt-
day would bo benefitted by the lotting
' go of their own orgnnlzatljiis as tliey
exist ul*thin present.tlmo, and I.li'avo.
already pointed out my reasons on' tho
• floor of this * convention. ', Wo know
• thoro, is n necessity for somo' groat
change bolng mndo; but If sucli a
clmnt'-o ls to bo of nny lasting boneflt
to us, tlxm.I ani'qulto convinced thai
it must bo made on the ground work
wo already havo In lho shnpo of our
present organizations. I do know
.lint wo cannot possibly hotter our own
conditions, or conserve ^ouv Interests,
hy doBtrbying tlio organization that wo
, now hnvo, in ordor that wo'niny rid
oursolvos or compotltlon, and that Is
. only what tho tactloa of tho members
entile I. W.'W, would suggest to mo,
• that tliey nro trying tb rid Uio field of
' compotltlon in labor organization' Hint'
they are trying to iinuzzle, or strangle,-
'or/disrupt.^^bthe_*Uabpr"orgaaiZatiqiis' in'
order.that they7may-havefa clear"field
for;themselv-es:yjyzr^ **  ^ * >'',..',. ^
,\I--.may^p6int^ouA-tbat(. If .they^dld
sincerely'-;desire*tb* better the .conditions :bf-the working class, there ia an
unlimited' -field?;for'-their' operations
alongt such-lines, Ca,* great* field ^where
ineh'.afe^attaqhed'to no partlcuiaj.craft
organization/ and ^unilnilted field, where
the.•.development' of machinery.; finder
the present system is'fordng'ieVeri'the'
IJgliest,paid artisaus to.'that.oif- un-?:
skilled workers..- - *,r " *, '7«'y
- We cannotf even .overlook -theV.fact's
brought to our notice by Delegate Williams, that "there are matters for»ou'r
serious " consideration jn view .'of ■* the
fact that railroads are so forming their
policy .that they may," in the near future, operate without using coal. Such
nothing'is not a dream; lt is a reality;
and If we consider the number of coal
miners' employed ' 'the world' over,Utf
then becomes a stern reality. It is' a
condition, moreover, that not only fac'-
and as. there is nothing better'for'us.
to embrace at this' *'time,7 nothing "jri
.which" we can see aiiy hope.of better'-'
ing our conditions,'outside^f what'/is
offered by the United Miae Wbrlcers'of
America. I cannot see"" the necessity';;
nor even the advisability; of d'estrbying
that organization at 'thisi'time.-,''- - ?At
the International Conventlpn'Awhich
Secretary Carter aiid mysielf-.attended,'
I was. both pleased and7sufprised'>>o
see the feeling of the "delegeites'towar'd
-greater industrial unity? *_> I* could see
among the rank and.file,a' desire to
affiliate ;with all organizations.*- that
were.in any way connected .-with" their
industry,'or that could have any "direct
or indirect influence upon'it jn the
event of-a.Btruggle between themselves and their masters; but this was
the position, out'of the whole of tho
delegates assembled there,, there was
not* any one of them, nor any number
the' object of formulating such a policy
that would Immediately bring, us. to
that conclusion'. They tried and strug.
gled with thatJ object in view—with'
and to my mind, "even though it'~may
|..„
I.?
V
es ourselves, .but it faces practically F*9 obJect of formulating such a policy
- ' " but the "whole united intelligence' of
that international convention was unable to devise the ways and means for
the,consummation bf that idea.'In my
mind there is not the slightest doubt
that had' there been a policy placed
before that, Convention which would
have provided a means .for disbanding
as United' Mine WorkerVand creating
another ^organization that' would have
better,"served their interest and'purpose,, there would not have been the
slightest hesitation in taking such ac-
"■'—      But' tliere   was   the   "trouble.*
every member of,every-mine workers'
organization jn" the,.world. 'Not only
are such Improvements to be' made
in tlie operation of railroads; not. only
are? such.'improvements to be made iii'
the.furnlshing'of light, heat and power
that itAyill, not be necessary to use
coal; but'such' improvements can be
made, in-almost every line of industry
that'will.*'take away from the highly
skilled "artisans .that-particular ability,
and- occupation that gives, him ' the
right', under the'present system, to demand and' obtain higher wages than
his fellowmen who are merely class'ed-
as'laborers. '-That is,the end'to-which
we are all drifting, and in that particular field.there is practically no organization. - „• When • once, we do get
there,\t_.ere.Is'not'the slightest doubt
in my mind-that either the Industrial
Workers of the World, or some similar
organization, will- embrace, each and'
everyone of .us. * ***But that^-is.a condition-to which we have not yet arrived.',
I have tried on many, occasions in my
own.-little.*'way, to "help along ;* the
wheels of-progress;-1 have put my.
small; efort forward in a desire, to. bring capitalism to a close; but I have
found-it-to-be "a bigger undertaking
than I am capable of handling.' I have'
found, also, during my 'own'investiga-
tios.of the-laws that govern?us, that
nonaction' ulong those -particular, lines
is: goirtg .to offset those' laws. • There
are -many' things that-we have to take
Into consideration, and my chief objection is that -tlie average membe.
of the i. W. W§ (at least those whom
L have met), do not take them into
consideration.' I can prove in a very
short space of time to almost any Individual who is compelled to work that
the point that really concerns him Is
that he* sells his labor power, and that
he'Is forced to do so because he has
nothing .else tb sell. From that point
It Ib an easy "matter for those who
know.!, anything of theso mntters io
point out 'to the lndlvldunl who has
once "grasped that idea, that In that
particular case the point to striko !s
the point at which wo deliver our labor
powor. But with that I differ, because there is a consfdernblo difference between selling lnbor powor and
delivering it', and botweon delivering
labor powor and being forcoil to put it
on the market as, a commodity.  ,'
Theso aro things that nro not< considered In the programme of thb I. W.
W, ,Thby consider that tho means
to the end ls to strike on ovory occasion, and at-.oyory opportunity at'tho
I'laco at which thoy deliver their labor
power; nnd In doing so they am cof-
tnlnly not bringing UiomBolvos any
nearer to tho solution of ,tlio problom
thoy havo set thbmsolvos tb solvo, and
are merely wasting tlmo,
As an industrial'organization, tho
United Mlno,Workers havo gonorally
consldorod tho policy thnt would at
Ions', coimorvo the IntornHtu of the
mombbrH'to tho host of tholr ability.
Home Baking.
Better every way
than ihe ready
.mad© toods
Hi» ddi_t re
      M    aMMHrnrtm-mW
C_._REfA._S4_
Baki^der
Apure,Cream of Tartar
Powder
MtJcfrottK Grapes
tion,.
They could not formulate a plan, and
thb matter was wound, up, by instructions being given to the delegates ap.
pointed, to <the convention of the American'Federation of Labor to work foi'
the' organization of .industries as in-'
dustrial .organizations, instead of organizations bf craftB.r., -    *7
While if, may "appear, that such a
Kove.on the,part of the International
is.only one of-those moves that-ssts
tlie thorough organization of the working classes at a still: greater distance
in the future, I, as one 'who has studied the matter (and studied'it carefully*) cannot'see thatjthe revolution that
wi- are desirous 'of; Bringing about is
going to come: tomorrow.. ' I cannot
r.ee that it is" going tb" come a week
from tomorrow,' or* a month, or a year
from tomorrow. I;cannot say how
far-it-may-be7in-t.femistan_"futiire. * f
dr. know this, however, that were tin.
•majority, bf the working class (and
not necessarily all of them) in the posi.
I ioh that they understood exactly what
they desired, there, would be absolutely no difficulty in getting it, lieo.use
they would take it. , In the course of
the "hopeless" remarks by Delegate
Wheatley, the, question, wns asked—
"How is this going to'be accomplished?" I want to tell you that tho question can,'be answered by tho two simple words ."Take it." Might is right,
and no matter whnt scruples we may
have, no matter what we may' think
about justice 'and right, when the
whole question of equity Is riddled and
sifted we aro suro to arrive, at that
simple conclusion. Tho solution o£
tho problom, so far ns tho United Mlno
Workers are concerned, Is to got tho
might, nnd we certainly cannot hope
to obtain It by disintegration oi\ by
dlBorgnnizntlon. W conn only get it
by "education, .arid that Is tho policy
that should bo followed by ench nnd
ovory one who Is.Rlncore In his efforts
to bettor tho conditions of the workers,"
"Sv'-iilo this matter hns been dlsciiBS-
od on (>lhe floor of this Convention, I
bollovo wo havo all roallzod, nnd that
evon tho delegates from Mlchol havo
roallzod, that wo aro bound by certain
economic laws that wo cannot ovor.,
rl do—that wo aro bound by cortaln
laws which, though wo may modlfv
thorn, or manipulate them to somo oxtont, must, of nocosslty, govern us,
a;td .-o matter whnt kind of-an orgnnl-
cost money to have it-thrashed but;
it>Will assuredly prompt us to try.and
place ourselves, bn a-'fj-rmer"'footing
in "the industrial and economic field.
'Dealing nowvwjt__: the' questions that
I'asked,"; I want to. point""out_ that the
substances of'the first'twb«questions
have a considerable effect, on' the labor market,"which h'asV.in-turn/a'dir.
ect affect on-.our wages.,-'or "on the
price of labor .'power.-.:*.-.The more of
that*commodity.there is"tha.Ms itri'.m-
ployed, the more or it'tlwW-. js offered
for sale.i .The' greater the proportion
unemployed j tb employed labor power,
aud the more our- wages. are forced
down and our conditions made worse.
Under these circumstances* I can readily seo that there.would be no object
gained by' the adoption of the principles of this resolution. That same*
unemployed labor power could be used
against us with very drastic and telling effects, and It la. that same factor
ot .unemployed .labor power that"* affects
oiir effort's at all times in our attempts
to better our conditions;
With regard to tlie, two latter ques-
tions, I may.state that I myself can see
absolutely, nothing to be'gained by formulating a policy here that would p?e-
vunt'the signing of contiact-. in con-'
formity with those already sighed.vin
connection with-any new locals that
we might .organize. It has already
.been stated on'the floor of this .Convention that- it would; be a practical
impossibility to keep,men working'under conditions" that were impossible, in
spite:of any contract- they might be
working under, and" that whether such
contract were regarded as sacred or
not, when conditions became such that
tliey could no' longer lie borne, , the
contracts,would be. ignored. .That
position has been taken in this District on previous occasions, and with
or without resolutions of the\ nature
of the'one. now'under, consideration,
or in spite' of 'resolutions of any kind,
that same course will be followed on
future^occasions.- All the contracts
we have will not force' the operators
to work-their, mines and find employment for their slaves - each .and every
day those^slavesdeslre tb work. The/
can close'down their mines for a year
If they feel so.inclined, because-there
are other, /mipes that will fill the mar?
kets, and seeing, that" most- laws in
modern times, and' most laws for" all
time, in , fact,'since "the system has
beenTin operation, arebascd upbn~pro7
perty rights, and-guaranteeing to the
individual*a'control of that,property,
then, surely',we may put ourselves in
the-same position with regard to the
only property we possess, and may,' if
wo so desire, and are not forced by
other, circumstances, ' withhold that
commodity foi* sale, seeing It is our
own property.'
I am, therefore, at a loss to see how
nny action,that this Convention can
take could possibly, prevent that being
done, .or affect the' matter In any way
whatever, provided that the'men working under such contracts decided that
tliey were not going to .work' under
them any longor. However, at this
particular time I wnnt to point out
that tho members generally in this District dp not want to suspend work. As
a matter of fact thoy, are howling to
got lt, and they aro howling to got It
becauso thoy aro forced to get it.
That bolng tho case I cortnlnly fall to
Beo the advisability of putting ourselves In tho position of describing a policy thnt would onablo operations to
bo suspended at any time,.by either
party. As I havo previously statod,
lt wmlly makes, no dlfforonco nlong
thoso pnrtlculnr lines. • Of courso
thoso tactics will bo followed whon-
over nocosslty demands that thoy
should'bo followed; but It doos make
a difference to us as an organization
with a policy, and It docB make a dlfforonco In our relationship with tho
operators at a tlmo wo don't wnnt tb
chnngo our relationship with thorn. It
mnlcoB tho dlfforonco that I 'pointed
No Alum
Lime Phosphate
nation It Ib that Is. trying to manlpulata out boforo, that In tho ovont of ills,
tho prlco of .tho commodity wo liavs to lmtou or grievances arising, thoy thonv
soil, thoy,will bo governed by thoso solves, if it buKb thorn to do so, can
InwB. In my opinion tho only solution of tho problom Ir a li.r_.oly own-
Izod working class, with tho ono ob-
Joel, In vlow;- but bi'icIi nn 'organlzn-
tlon must of uocofislty bo Hopnrato and
dlflllnct from organlznllonB .lint nro
manipulating tho market In oomipc-
Hon with the prlco of labor, Buch nn
orgnnlzntlon hns nothing to gain hy
Influencing tho prlco of labor power an
it commodity, bocaiiso, on tho contrary, Its ono boIo' object and purpono
must bo tho removal of that labor pow.
or from tho cntegory of commodltloB,
For that reason, Mr. Ohnlrmnn, I nm
oppoflod to tho notions nnd conduct of
Individual mombors of tho particular
orurnnl.ntlnn thnt T hiv* rnffrr"'. f;.
I know that thoy nre trvlnp; to rnl«f n
writi-mowi strlfo, nnd to somo wxtonl
Ihey do good by ro <lolng, Wo immt
have n llttlo yeaBl in our dough, other-
wIbo wo would bo without thnt forment
which is noconsarv to rnnhlo m tn tW
up stiporJor to (lib conditions which
threaten to keep us down. In tho
operation of a largo generator Jt la no-
cosiinry thnt thoro Bhould bo a littlo
agitator, nnd similarly tho ngltntor
Is nceoBunry |n the labor movomont.
Ignore tho ngrcomenls by refusing to
tako thorn up. Thoy may nay thnt
thoy, llko oui'BolvoH, will do Juat ns
thoy plonao lu tlio matter, and that the
mlnos will contlnuo to opornto novor-
tholOBB. Wo must ronllzo thnt. n policy of thnt nnturo Ib not,In the bont
Interests of the men gcnornlly. Wo
Know that In nny petty grlovnncoB thnt
mine that do not affect tlio wholo of
tho mlno workers nt nny one mine, It Is
to the advnntngo of ovoryono concern-
oil thnt such dlsputoH should bo Aottlod
without having to resort to tho parti-
ontor wonpon thnt, hnn b^n no Btrong-
ly ndvocntod on tho floor of I IiIh Convention, and in any ovont, ovon If tlio
lrlf.».f,f*«   nt   M>,     .      ,.      1     .,1' rf        •
... \    ....... , ....   ..,,,,v.    ...
Hint roKpppt, T know poMMv<>!.,' IViM,.
unloRR Hip (.rlflvnnro hcnimi. a general
ono, thoy would not tnko that action.
And so wo would have creeping In
upon every nlde tho InnlduoiiH attacks
flf f*hf> mifTTtlnra   f\rat rm Ann fnHlyl/l,,
al, thon ou another, mid so on all along
lho line, without nny general dlwpute
bolng made o. tlmni.
Again, I want to point out, as I did
bflforo, thnt It would plnro u« In a very
peculiar position with regard to Uiu In-
Tho. ttii?ttator perforniH a function thnt j Km miMonnl organization.     I  do not
is of betleflt to tho working clans, and I know, at this Hmo, whether this Con-
tlw .iLduttlrlHl Workers oftho World
porform a similar function In the same
way; In (act _>«l#R«fe Elmer has performed that same function by forcing
us to (ro Into details in this matter.
In order tliat we may strive at nomo
conclusions. TUiu ar« •lete**.;..- htm
who rosy perhaps consider thnt It Is all
a waslo of tlmo, but Jet mo my lo
tbem tbat this Is m serious proposition,
vontlon would hn prepared to fool a
bill which would amount to npprexl-
j-iMcly 110 per capita on ever?- men.,
bor In this district, but I do Unow mci.
(.oxltlvoly what thc members of this
hisir/.t themsei'i-es would not he pr«>
!%..<•*<. to do, »nd Ihe «V*l-.Jtr» +a to th't.
.'.'flvi.n_.0f. nre here supposedly f,.r
thf- piifpone of repr<«senniif tho Ideas
Ar.;! «!«&** *n<J Inter***.), of Ifcemeni'
bo.rs.of.theorganization.    It "has been
mentioned in the joint report of Secre-
tary7Cari;er,-'and .'myself that the ar-
*r.Vngpmeht'arrived''at with the International-Executive depended on the
promise ■ of 'the ..resident, off.cers. ■  in
the first .-'place .we, took the* matter up
with/President White, "and'afterwards
'wjt-i- Secretary • Perry*." then" again we
took the matter'up-with the three resident, officers together, vFollowing that
the matter' eame'-before the International" Executive. Board,1 and-.Prestdent
White"carried put the promise he  had
mj'de.'toiis.     The; Executive". Board
"lioirde-Md»-d that,tide matter,in reference tb theindebtedness ok District IS
shi'iikl be left in "the.hands of the resident officers; an,d we'have'the pro-
mho from them again ..that-, they will
do justice by Ditsrict, 18, and carry
out t.'ie obligations in their understanding with Secretary Carter and myself.
I, think that should be quite .sufficient
to bring before your minds the peculiar position we would be in -with tlie
International, Executive Board.,   The
International Executive Board are care
ful not to place themselves in any po'si-
tion from.which it would be impossible
for them to retract; and'while they
are not .absolutely compelled to help
us out in this matter, ■ I do not see
where we could'justly-'claim .that they
had not dealt with us in a spirit of justice, if they refused to'^acknowledge
tlielr financial .obligations.     It is an
absolute fact that, so far as the mine
workers in,Canada are concerned, they
have benefited'financially to the extent of possibly much^more than a'million dollars (possibly nearer a million
and a half, dollars)  over and 'above
what has been sent-.'from' Canada to
the International   Organization,   "and
still, they * pledge themselves to send
more" money, and'when we'come to
look at the matter from the materialist's point of view, speaking as one in?
dividual in this District, then dollars
are better-inside" of,.my pocket than
out of it;   , I" don't wantvtb dig Into
my pocket ,for. ten dollars" If I can help,
it, and*I certainly"dont', want to "force
that';same obligation' on the members
of this District as" a whole?   ■
The mere consideration of money at
the .present time. is. a( mistaken idea
so far as materialism is concerned,
and I want'to tell you'that,those" who
advanced that' -particular • idea r'hadl not-
studied the. matter*very carfeully.
-Materialism'doe_rnbt-.co,nve,vLthf--ifipq
that it is ^monetary, consideration at
this, time and that it is ..money that'
prompts our'actions; there are many
other things that enter into the matter.
Speaking as an individual I might say
that, as an .officer'of this organization it is to my< material interest that
this organization of the .United Mine
Workers be preserved ln tills District;
it is to my material interest that we do
not become disorganized, because then'
I might have ;to' submit to worse conditions than I have to submit todny. If
we desire at; this time to realize the
position we would be in, we do not
havo to' go very far below thb surface
beforo we come to .the conclusion
that it might be infinitely worse. The
realization of that does not require n
very great stretch of Imagination, in
spito of Brother Whoatloy's 55 cents
for nine shifts; nt tho present timo
thoy nro not all down as low as that,
but, under other circumstances there
is just a possibility thnt thoy might
nil get it. On tho othor hand wo
know qulto woll thnt thoro are mon
working 10 hours a day'right hero In
tho territory covered by District 18,
who arc working"for less tunn half the
nmoiint of money thnt Is paid today
for men thnt work In tlio mlnos; nnd
if thoy will work for that outsldo of
the mlnos, they will work for It Insldo,
Then thoro Is another thing, thnt, ovon
though we do not, havo any legislative
enactments that aro of bonoflt to* us
to nny grout oxtont, wo havo somo
that Hafogunrd ub to aoino oxtont. Wo
nil know, too, that tho pou-ora of tlio
courts nro lovollod ngnlnflt ub whenever It Ih poHHlblo, but wo ronllzo
nlso that by colloctlvo action wo can,
nt times, forco them to render a doclB.
Ion somowliat In our favor for tlio
tlmo bolng. Docs anybody In thin
Convontlon Imagine thnt wo would
hnvo tho ConponHatlon Act In ■ the
Provlneo of Alborta If It wore not for
tho of fori h of the United MlnnWnrkoiH
In imrtloiilnr, and possibly by thoir of-
TortH alono? Dooh anybody In tlio
Province of Alborta lmiif.lno that wo
would'havo the Wight Hour Dny Lnw
were It not for our effort1.? Of coiirwi
It mny bo pointed out tliat tlm night
Hour Act and tho Compensation Act
followod ub there; It might nlHo bn
pointorl out thnt tlio Wight Hour Unnl.
to linnk rule oxlstod In boiiio mines In,
Alborta boforo llio law was put In
M      i   i *«,   ., ,
"l'v""l""l     "'<•    <«■    UIU    I.IK   UA.frl     ill    ill'   |
nf .horn wither did !i fvli'l ... ."D ;•<.
oont of thom. Take Hint jmrlloiiliir
law alono, wo know that If that wow
moroly nn arrangement "rondo lietwoon
tlio operators and ournelvoH, mnny men
ll'mild     *«'  til*       lll.r   ■■•      1   .       _   1   I f mi
cowIIIIoiik could l>e changed, and rend-
Hy chntiRoil, If this organization wero
disrupted, nnd I wnnt to nsk you, in
your Hobi-r senses, In your Holier judgment, do you consldor that you could,
nt this tlmo, nfford lo tako action thnt'
would result In tho dlHorennlzullon of i
filRtrlrt IS? 1 myself do not think I
you <euM. j
In submitting the substitute motion, j
1 do w. «ltli tho belief tli«t It covers J
nil tho ground that is ttciessary.   If j
we nro to maintain our affiliation with {
the   International I Organi***Hon   we j
should not, pftrtlnilnrly In times llko
the present, be cent (minify expressing
our opinion that we are bolng held In
leasti b." that orgsnlxmlon, and that.
Styles that Radiate the
^ammsammmamm.    __________________■    ____________________________________.    ■
Sparkle of. Spring
,DRIGHT,   cheery,.1 handsome,/and full of,
new ideas.
Styles that make a man square his shoulders
and &e.p'out.
.       > t "■* ' *■
These-four iftyles have jumped into infant
favor with well dressed men
'572.
The Crow s Nest Trading Co, A
■"■IX7HEN Winds Are Nippy hero is the toilet,lotion
vv     that typifies   the true perfection of all toilet
applications.       , ■
Sweet, dainty, not greasy, and of extra'special value in
the care of the skin.
After' a walk or an auto ride BENZO ALMOND,
CROWN cleanses thc pores, restores tho circulation"/
romoves all of'tho ill effects of'the wind! ■'  "
Novor hesitate or fear to go out for an enjoyable "con
' stitutional", or to take healthful outdoor'exercise bc-
oauso BENZO ALMOND CROWN.will always take
caroof you evon if you havo on 'extremely delicate or
sensitive skin.    . •    .   ,
Ladies appreciate it.   25c a box at
Bleasdell's Drug Store
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
8IR EDMUND WALKER, 0,V,0„lLD.t D.O.L, PREOIDINT
ALEXANDER LAIRD, QtHenAL MANAORPI
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000
 REST,-   $8,000,000
DRAFTS ON FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Every branch of Tbo Csn_.di_.ti Bank of Contmorcs Is equipped to blue drtAs ee
tbe principal cities In tbe following countries without delay t
Cnto
Gtmoi
UotUuU
jocltU
Itt-la
]r_k__l
1_!
Afric*
Art,w*.    _.    ...&••»
Ar_:«nUn« RtpubUo Dennui-
Auitralla 2fTP*
fiuttr._.UiuitMy   Vfna I______U
Wsium '   nttaai
ri.ll farmom, itpta
IliilparU IVt-t« Jart
CtylVn l.r'diCod.UOtlMifalu
Cliill Oatmany Mu-btMh
Chin. C,r«lll.luU Huto
Tho amount oftlieie drafts is staled In the l , ...... 	
able | tbat Is the- are drawn In sterling, franca', starks, lire, 'kronen, florins, yen,
taelt, roubles, etc, as tbe case may be. This aaauraa tbat the payee abroad will
receive tbe actual amount h_tended. ____»
FERNIE  BRANCH  (.. A. 8. DACK,  Mmaaer,
NawZtalaat
Korva*.
faoAua
Pw-ia
Ptm
PhUlppiM I_1iimU
Portufil
Roumaala
KiumU
Rtrria
Sl«n
STburt*
fioudaa
South AMca
Snalo
StralU SrtUnm-aUi
Sw«lan
(i-KKiiuU
Turkty
UaltiJSU|4M
Vifignaf   *
Watt JihfiM, •__.
of the country where they are pay*
woro It not for Hint, oreuniznllnn woitli.Mii, Don't ndnpt nny policy flint
would ndopl a .llfforoiil pollcj. I lw- j will brlntr nbout roHtilcllon In our
Jlovn It will lio bottor, nml moro .-dii- jofforis to fiiitli..r nr».niil/.i< tlio iiilnc
cntionni, nutl moro iruuiui ol noon, u . wor|W,r„ |„ h,',, province, mid In tho
wo draw our oplnIniiH to lho iilKintloii l'i'i)vli'<« of U.UIhI. tlolumblt. Of
of tlio Unllod Mlno Workcra durliiK | courso wo all roiillxo tlmt so fnr an this
i4ii iiiu_.uvuiiiKi.oi iia-iruvii(>viutioii ul, pnrtlculnr field Im coiic,(Hiiod thoro ur«
' .'(   l.j!< j;:_jlk.';..J    ''„,.*..;. ;       ',','.,,,1 (hul4i,.   lo   In-   t.xinioiuiliui)     i|«!V4>iup>
have, nu I lmv." nln-ady jiolm^l out. jik'TKb, i4iid It would not bu kouiI nollcy
imiilo n stop In tho dnnlr/>d /Hrr.>tlor_. * for u-j to ImnRln.- for a momt-nt thnt
It niiiHt bo borne In mind Mini Indlvl-'wo can an "a District IIkIu our own
ilmiln, ho fnr n» tlio innrhot Ih concern-, tiult)i>ii whllo ul tlio niwik. timo w« mo
'I   Iittumi. ,        ••   )■)  vlit.     rtlUitllt IllK    llll'llB    111    ■fllll^llllO    Ollilllll-
hticiiKtli of tho coinbliicd fon-o that
(otiritK, An Inillvldunl mny servo lo
ntlr ti[i n mob, but ho cortnlnly ennnot
forco thnt mob to nny conclusion, Tho
luU'inlional Oritmil/atlon. as I wild he
for<-, hnvo now nrrlvod nt tho coticlu.
hl.m thut it Is al.H<*liitcl> iioioMMary to
ndopl :i now jiollcv. and thfv aro il.-l#»r.
jnlticd to do their bo. t to untlsfuctoriiy
doclilo -what that policy Khali t.f.. My
ad.km Ih to abldo hy tho policy of tlio
rank tirtit fllo of thc ornanUntUiii. [)«
noi try to run no far ahead that wo
ourwdvos. ns on lndlvldunl District,
will 1)« compelled (o run up ukhIiii*!
tho romrdnod forcos thnt wo shnll Ik.
failed upon to fight, and, in our weakened state, becomo smashed botweon
YMtlon nnd solidarity, lot uh rather
carry our oxp.'rl«'ncri. In Convontlon to
tiiom. of our nK'nihorshlp who may not
(iKrvo with nn and oduentii them to a
Hiifflclont iindorHtnndlnK of tho position io #>n.*ihlt» thorn n tul,-" Int'dllfynt
nclloti.    Whnt I particularly doslrv to
•lOlOf Oll> to fW )■* (Iifr; j-,;. i! |,x; jJCU,
R'inuikt'd tlmo aud timo huh In, without si.Wi IritollfKoit. action on Uio part
of our m«'inlw»rsh1p, all Iho orforts or
Intllvldiialu, and ovon Iho combined *f-
forts of tlvr- who.* of IMstrifl 18, will
bo nn noiiffhf ir, hr ni Improving the
condition of tho working class Is con.
ccrnod, und tho I'tmiU would iloiibtlMs
bo that our own jiBrtlctilar condition
would bo Infinitely worn*.
''it SBfflBSH
1 HI, III ilPJWJLIllllIi.
yy^Tyjy^
sJ:
PAGE SEC
_7^_*A"_
TH^prera^ xjtoge^
®felli$firijc4
*'r,
-.7- Published every.Saturday,-morning, at its office, Pellat Avenue,.
"-■>'*' ■•*. ■';■    y-   *A''- .*"*,   ■---■       ■'*-,-,.   .   -,*•■••-■' ,'   --   ''
\]_fernie,.B:0..' Sufcscription^l.OO per year in advance.,  An excellent
advertising medium,    argest circulation in the/District.,   Advertising rates on application A  Up-to-date facilities for the execution of
"all l__m.is'0--book/job.and color work.   -Mail orders receive special
* attention." J Address all communications to'The District Ledger.  .    *
'■ '   . -*. ' •       --''''. "■  ■' . ■" ■" "'.*-
-  " , y?r X L-"-" Xy.yy Ay,   \   -y^ H..P. NERWICH, Editor.
*Telephofie H6748. — '• SX. & '** "'-' "'•"' *BodOffice Box No. 380
; Y\."*<. c--*?.*-
] , >  ,    THE SAQ CATASTROPHY i
A'     -LITTLE-bit of sorrow-makes-the world akin, and in this
,„■.    tlie,saddest of catastrophies,'"the_magnitude of which
.  can as yet; hardly be conceived, the heartfelt' condolence* and
sympathy "of the whole world is extended to the" relatives of
those who met so tragic and untimely a death.     Out of 2,340*
• souls on board the'ill-fated Titanic 1601 men* (it js .understood ■
- j tliat all the women aiid children wei'e saved) went-down br_ive-- -
ly to their watery grave:, and.the best*traditions 0f the-"sea
were maintained. 7 Class distinction for the time was entirely '
forgotten, capitalist and wage:earner being on an-equal footing '
■ in the last'dreadful hour of their lives. * 'This is'not the timeto
• discuss on whom to lay,the blame,'but judging from* reports it '
is evident that the' number, of life boats carried ,wus totally in-
" adequate for the number of passengers tlie Titanic could ac-
' commodate.'      -*,'''■. '  ' ••-->..'
much wage-labor as'possible^by'thVintroduction'oif labor s
chinery, with-the "object of making the .share of the .laborer; in'the
wealthjproduced by him as sinail asVpbssibl^f^%achinery. develops
the-totaT-si^ coppare^tWith that eMpfoyed
•for' the.:Purpo^ej£^ raw :mat^_t)'.
ete.) with'the result that;the .largest consuming olass^-the actual' producers— are unable to 'buy/with' their'wages-.anythjng'but a" small fraction pf \yjiat.they have produced! 7-^This^results in thaCperiodicaf suspension o£, produclion-knawn' as _ a^panie,- ivhen .the ^wJhfei£of industry
are, stopped'and the wealth producers, turned adrift;'to starve;-shiver,
beg or become criminars'and.pr6stitiite's,';for the.fault-Qf-having,ipro-
duced too much food-stuffs, too' much-felothing,H6o?_nueh wealth of all
descriptions.; .- "Whole "hecatomb's* ofi.the';_^o"rkers-'Ve^Vh,;-'during these
crises',nncTiimltitudes of the' 'smalM rycapitalistis? are^.^u'eezed .out
and fall into the ranks of the, working class,".tbere to ;make the-competition for jobs so mcuh the,-keener... . Many.'of therp/.-prefer^mcide
to that "prospect, y, Sonie a temporary lodgement; in. the "ranks-of the
smajl shop-keepers, butx they are' constantly"''being1 squeezed ;but,'and
gravitate to tlie lowestJeconomic strata—the' unemployed," " , . '". '
.Thus the ranks;of the dominant'owning'plass are,beihg';constantly
depleted and those of the dispossessed as constantly reinforced. - The
contradiction is'"now so' glaringly apparent between the .respective
ppisitipns. of.the actual producer and the non-producer, the manner of
wealth production and its appropriation,'the resulting discontent is so
widespread and crystallizing so",rapidly, as,the result of.the'development of these economic forces .that the, end seems to' be noAv in sight.
The pressure-on' the great*1 majority is so-iierce. and their-'necessity
so great," that'in self-preservation they will' be compelled to make the
method of "appropriation-correspond with that of production, which is
Socialism.. -v       .,'..*'"' ""      '!'--'*>       '    A
'|That means-confiscation," ,cry some. 'Mayj'be..1,.'OtheW call'it
"restitution."*.". It all depends on the point of view,\which is deter-'
mined by. the different economic interests involved,-but one thing.is
certain—economic, laws work to'theirend'ndependent-'of all codes, of
human 'ethics.    -    . .     ■     A    ' * ,     --*■ „ " A' '•     .  A
THE INVINCIBLE FORCE IN CANADA
W1
""E often read and hear the statement that in Canada there is an
assured future for the poor "man who is not'afraid of?work'.
;- Opportunities, particularly in this B. C? of 'purs,-'-' a^-simply laying
around waiting for some one to pick them up and make'his fortune.
/Lack of success' is due either to laziness, waiting around for something'respectable, at least, if not 'classy,' torun up, or, in-the -casevof
the small-business "man; lack of astuteness and up-to-date business
methods,   ' One often reads these and similar remarks in the daily
■• press, but'the same issue ofteiTcontains one or more news, items of the
following nature, taken from the A. F. of L. weekly news-letter:   It
is -a dispatch /from Washington, and'is an Extract from a speech by
.- Congressman Mott, made on the introduction of a bill to prey-ant" ,to-
■" bacco manufacturers "enclosing any offer of a premium, or, gift in pack-
." ages of their products. ' , The-measure is being supported by-independent'tobacco manufacturers all over the country.-;*-T?b:e. Congressman
.   said':"'' There was a time when a man could enter 'the'.t6'Dacco business
with the _hop.e_olL-BomLdav--j(--\yningla_.'stor.e.--b.ut7the hi
&= AT* ft o T* 1 rj a
'  J__s. Hartley, of Macieod,' Vas a .visi-
tor in*Fernie durlng?''tlie'"wfeek'.'*" v>~"'"
yRemember the "big 'celebration;-' on
May let.    Arrange now to spend'the
day in Fernie.*".; •■   >    ' -!'S'". \' o-/>'
'' . -    '    c>--  • ,-' :
]5. L. Ho"wa'k,;C._?.R'.I_i8_)ecto'r-7of
Telegraphs, Cranbroolc, -was in the city
on - Thursday. '^-'
' M. A.-Kaetner, local real-estate man,
put' through a nice' deal this*-week Involving Elko .property.-". 7
TO TH6SE WHO VOTED THE SOCIALIST TICKET
which controls so much of this"business now'has"a'way :of swallowing
up the retailers, and the best7a,young man can hope for ia a* job
^managing one of the trust's retail stores."
■ The-process has" attained slich proportions in the United States "and
has-aroused'sucli world" wide attention that tlie similar process coine
bn in Canada has attracted little attention from Canadians but"tlie
indications are that the doom of the small producer and merchant-will
be accomplished in much shorter order and more completely than has
been the, case in the country to the south of us. ,For ono thing Canada is next-door to thc country in which capitalism jms reached a
higher pitch of development than any oilier; where the most scientific
methods of machine.production have been more generally in vogue
for a longer time, and in which the productivity of the individual
worker,- due to the foregoing, far surpasses that of othor nations. '
,*' American capital, seeking investment for the surplus produced by
the American workers over and above the value received in wages
has to look abroad for new fields to conquer, and fhids at its very
door a now country, with' natural resources of fabulous extent in
many cases offering exceptional opportunities for production on a
grand scalo, rendering thc elimination of the small competitor an easy
matter, '   . . '       . A
In tho United Stales largo capital has boon a growth, in Canada it
is nn important, nnd in that fact lies thc justification for tho staled
mont that tho development of Canada will bo more rapid and complete than wns lho snmo process in tho former country, f0]. y10 incom.
ing ei_pit.il will have, or rather lias, at its back, all n,0 accumulated
experience, tho latest inachinery, the best brnins nnd the most cnllous'
commercial instinct—all doyelopcd undor a regime in -which tho feudal
sentiment and institutions Hint linvo hnmporod, to somo oxtont lho
development of othor countries, has been totally nbsont.
Tlio following Horns will servo to illustrate tho process*.hat'is going
on without any fuss being mado about-it. ..
The number nf industrial amalgamations consuinn\ulcd in Canada
from January, 1909, to December, 1911, was 41;
, The aggregate authorized capitalization of ,19 of thoRn  .__ni_______»
bonds, wns $331,938,200. ;' '      ' ,nomc,in«
The -11 anmlgnmations absorbed 19G individual companies
Tho 28 securities _m..e_l to tlio public resulting from tho nmalgama
tion movomont totaled $44,071,2GG.. ,
With 33 oMIicrc. amounting to $15,950,000, an nvorngo botniH of
$6,507,500 wns given.
Tho largest ntnnlgnmntioii wns tbo Cannda Comont Co. which ab-
Horbod 12 companioH, nnd now hns nn authorized «"pitnliZft'tjon of A3ft!
000,000, including bonds, ■     '"
The number nf banks hns also boon reduced from 4*1 to 27
Tlio process of nbsorbtion or elimination hns been Rn;nR *on mm„
the smnllor concerns.   (Prom tho Vnnconvor World, ,yBn 04 3912?
For a rial ion of 8,000,00 this is not n bad twelve month V. work.
It is this universal tendency towards concentration 0f ^vonlfli" into
over fewer hnnds, with the dispossession and exploitation by thorn of
.,;* ;y.._ .;_. _..«..,..,,1.,......^, ili„i i„ k***_. ruttnuii. una ji's.it'iention for'!tlic
jMsitivuH-ss ut lie Su-ialinL iirupuKtiiu.il, which it. no irrilnting to
those people who love to nrguo on these questions without .uivinc.
previously htiuliml them. K
Far from trying to set bank thn eloclc of time, by stormhu. nnd mil
!r,«   ot    11,„   I   I     ..1 1   • ,!••.., , """h   "iiu   Hill*
•"•» "" - --"*• «••"- .A.vi'.k».^ w .*._nr*-_'.v_ n, ■rtij.t. j'K'vwt to the dnvs of
froo competition, which is tho mnnnor in which tho nearly eliminated
clnss drawn nttenton lo the fact thnt it is down nml out tho Soeinlist
welcomes the advent of tho trust ns 11 groat nilvnnco ii. humnnnchtovo
ment nnd a step towards the fi/ml goal-it nmy ho tlie last iitcn-of
the economic nofivitir*.. nP flio moo—tho ...m> whon fhc m(..11|H (){
ducing the social necessities will he under the control ftf ftopi«iv m'tx
whole, and Urn juu«lo Hlruults for n liare existene.1 o\y t],e pnrt 'of t]u
great rnnjoniy give wny to a period when a full nnd fPf>0 development
Will be possible f<»r all.    -
Thc mnin motivo that Iikm impelled the introduction of ever improving tools nnd machines for wifipl^ng human wants hns been the
desire to attain Uiu mont rumlUi with the k-ant poMihlo oxpcndilurc
tif energy, from the time when the snvnge ronceivod the U\ei\ of
lorutcMnfl- tlie ground with n sti.-k to tho advent of the modern tn.».
Undo capitalism that motivo in m«nif«ited' fn thc tliKcarding of an
N the recent Provincial'Election there,was 312 votes'cast for the
Socialist "candidate in the city of Ferric*.-*. .It* should now be the
duty of;thos'c voters to' make sure' just how.they stand with regard to
the.'pjatform of the Socialist Party, "if thoVare in.'full accord with
the aims and objects of the politicaiparty'pledged to the interests of-
the working ..JassAlone they should hnow.-ust.exactly what ther'n^
voting.fbr,,;v>If on"the other hand'there'were"voters who:' were sinipiy
S3 mp^thi'sers'.they. should get a clear insight-into the issues before the
working,class. .With a view to understanding the'political-aims of
the working-.class movement'it is .'necessary,.'that 'the workers'do a'
little studying for themselves. ' As there is'no institution of learning
injhis.eity where a clear and.comprehen_.iveieducation on the'indusr'
trial development of the.cpuntry can be gairied^weekly classes are^be--
uig.held-.in.the MinerslHall every. Sunday,Afternoon'-from 2Mto
4.30.under the "auspices of the S. P. of- G.-J& object of these-classes
is'fo study.-and;discusg economies from the staridpoinf of the -working
^.•.'and- so'equip speakers to spread the gospel of* the emancipation,
of "jbhe.workers by..tiieir own efforts, y ,'-" ''y'r'y"'' .l-'*>    .)'■'.
-^AlHhVsenvhrffflly^ealil'ei^ organize on the
political field,-and understand the position of-,the'.Socialist Party .of
Canada, should become dues-paying members?/.n-This is absolutely a
working** class.political party having.for its'ai& the'aboliton of'the
wages system^ and as np-capitalists finahce*'t"he'party it is up toithe
.workers themselves to support.their efforts,!oi\,tlie political field. ..
,■ The payment of,- dues only will not accomplish '.very* much without
organized effort, and the workers must realizethat they must organize thoroughly to hasten tlie day of Industrial Democracy.     * ■ "°
.Those liaving views in. opposition to,the exponents of.the Socialist
philosophy are invited to attend the Propaganda Meetings hold every
Sunday .evening at 7.45 in tha b_isi.iii.-iii. of thej.Iini.vV Hall.       '   '
? Wo understand that Mr. G. C. Egg, Sehol Board Trustee, has ti\ken
up his residence in Fernie, but we have not as yet heard'that he has
resigned his position ori the Board, Mr. Egg may have in mind com-
ing down to Fernie occasionally to attend a Board meeting, but we
foil to see how a man residing^ far away cnn keep in touch with the
school requirements ih this city. ;; Wo consider'it would bo moro con:
sistent on his.part, and in tho best interests of tho citv, if ho were to
tender his resignation." As tho local citizens will*shortly be called
upon to vote on tho issuanco'of debentures, nnd'eortain matters op.
pertaining to our schools, thoy could nl tho same time elect a school
trustee .. Mr.-Egg would bo acting in tho best interests of all con*,
corned woro».ho to net in tho spirit in which this suggestion is made
During his sojourn in this city holms proven himself a valuable citizen, and wo hnvo*no doubt but.Hint he will see tho logic of our ron.
son ing. ,
Mrs. H. B. Lockhart and babe were
la town during,tho veek visiting her
parents, Mr* and'Mrs. Rudniskl.A*-
yDr. Ralph, - President of the International Securities "Co., ■ Ltd.;. "Winnipeg, was in* the city during the week.
There, are rumors-of big industrial,
expansions-that mean; much'to, Fernie
and .'w_e- trust that these" rumors are
well founded. *"•. >    -\>    •'•      '■<•,!
Messrs Prince'and McClelland,.'representing Smith, Davidson & Wright,"
Vancouver, were' iii-,the city: during
the week. '''•1   "'-,7-. - .   *..A
-. The;members of the "White Sister".
Company were-registered at- the Waldorf and Napanee during) their stay in
the' city?? ■   5 -   ' ■ '  :;  „ •-'., 1
"Wes" Owen is doing police" duty
and is in charge of the chain gang, at
present' doing' the spring cleaning in
the- streets.* >      ■    • ■     >'-*';,'*
'•".The "marriage was solemnized on
Tuesday, evening last by the R3v. J.
P. Dimmlck.'at the Methodist Pafson-
a.ge,'of Walter Guest Arnold and-.'-Mic-
hel Emma Turner.
' The apron and delicatessen sale con
ducted by ttiejjadies' Guild of Christ"
Church, last Saturday, was Very'successful/ "an appreciable 6um ' H being
added to the treasury check.'-'*'.
, -Mount .Pernle, Lodge No. 47,1. O. O.
F., will hold.thelr annual At?Home on'
Thursday evening,. April 25th, • in' the
lodge-room in*Victoria Avenue.yAU
Odd Fellows please-note.   .-■ '"      - *
The Sanitary Inspector has-issued_a.
circular that all premises" and lanes
adjacent to premises where • rubbish,
ashes,•etc.,'--have been deposited during the winter months must, be cleaned without delay.. .  ...
'. "' ■• ■■..'   — (T -<•   -\ '"'
Brick is:now being unloaded to-be
used for the completion of steeple on
the .It. Cj, Church, and/preparations
aro under way to go on'and complete
the church edifice, which when finished .will be the, most Imposing structure
of its kind In British Columbia.
Don't forget tho Basket Socal and'
Dance to be held, in the; Miners' Hall
on- Monday evenihg, April 22nd. Any
thing in the shape of a basket andany
size (fromu a .strawberry basket to a
clothes basket) will bo acceptable, so
got your boat girl busy,and como and
bid for 'em.
Who will bo selected on tho much vnuntod Labor-Commission to bo
nppomtcd by tho Government? Tt is up to tho' workers to soo that
thoy got good representation ns it is to bo inferred that you aro to bo
benefited (?) by this commission!
lho Appeal to Reason nsks why thc investigation into tlio so-called'
dynnmito conspiracy, which wns lnunchcd„with such stngo thunder a
month or two ngo,'lifts been boycotted by tho capitalist press for tho
last few weeks. Thoy have probably found out who woro responsible
or wero getting too eloso nnd had lo bo cnllcd'off.
An" exchange puis tho following before n lheoroticnlly intelligent
mMlo and expect* that it will go down. It is from a column hend^
'Hoy Scout's Gnzetto; Headquarters Bulletin,"
ilon that ho T.e«Bue of Boy Scouts is in opposition-to the TWonco
Act,    This is not ro by any rnenns,   ~~
lu essentially nonmilitarjr,   is
StfSn o"1,1  th°«fa6ilU1f*  *mmrY t0  th0  »oldl^-  While
its dn    flchemo  is of tho simplest character,  its  methods of
.instruction » first nid, rLflo shooting, signalling,   wntermnnsliip
«;;-—-•" -*"1 * «•»* ot owor allied subjects nro most complete. Tt
great advantage over tho ono who hns not "
ni^rin^ll1'0 t™™\"™«*"™>" 'of   "watermanship and
!.:"n°""R,:ftr0 T™*!.   in ,,fltwpe" »•«» P«»ly military stunts of
J ncso people nro not oven skilful liars,
Tho Scout movomont, while it
yot   intendod   to   foster   and
' Some time ago—in fact I.'b ancient
—wo heard that tho 16cnl running botweon tho Hat and'Cranbrook was to
curry mall.' This wpuld bo a very
desirable and accommodating servlco,
especially to our business fraternity,
nnd it;no action hns boon taken to put
tho sorvlco 1n operation wo would suggest that our Board of Trndo or nny
othor 1 Influential body, got biiBy, not
only in.Fornlo, but nil along tho lino,
nnd got this desired and required sorvlco.
A mooting, having ln vlow some lm-
portnnt changes in connection with
tho Y.*M. A. A., was called for Tuesday evening, but "Swing to nmnll at-
tendance .nothing was dono, Whllo
writing of this worthy objoct, Is not
Fornlo largo nnd progressive onough
to tncklo tho support and mnlntnln-
•one© of a fully oqulppoil Y, M. C. A.?
Other towns hnvo mtccooded and why
not FornloT Mnko an effort, nt loast,
ovorybody.
Tho United Brotherhood of Cnrpon-
tor* nnd Joiners tendered a farowell
banquet to TJ, Polly (who rocs to Calgary lo roaldo) on Snturday evening
In tho Hotol Waldorf, nt which a bo-
loot pnrty ongngod. Plates for somo
2G woro spread and an unusually gooij
tlmo wns thoroughly enjoyed by tlio-b
prosont Tho Waldorf continue to
be tho wmdozvouj. for all tlweo happy
Rnthorlnga nnd on this occasion ovon
on short notico, fully k«pt to Ha pait
reputation of wtioie-aouled hospitnlity
and c.ftctent amice.
THE 1818
=^-'—ir
Some oxcollent bookings havo been
marto by Manancr Mllltr for tho I*.*.,
Starting with tonight flvo reels will
lie atiuwu, Unuti «. whw.h are corned-
*«•. On iMondny nnd Tueaday night
will tj« i««n "Th* OoMf-n W#ddtng, or
Aft*r Fifty Ymiw." a two part Italian
historic*.] picturo, snld to bo tlio j_r«at-
e»l wlHtary film <.v«r staged.    TJ»er«
row matlnoo and evoning tho. program
will bo: "An Unlucky Present," "(Jet
ft 11m».« -Dlvorcona." "TU Way of &
Maid," and "Now York'* ltB.600.000
Hrc."
LOCAL TROUBLE AT CORBIN
•IntprnsHonftl Honrd! Mombor The.!
Harris, of MiefeeT, and noanl Mom-
..... ...       Ur J- tv. Cray, wore lo Corbin on
arc' over two .tMu__,.u__ \mn\>W ta ilo T'1'""'"|f,'-. -ivu.ti&l.tuuluw ui_ »uuu. mta-
Wo hnvo heard that Incroiio Is to
reoclv.. a trial aftain In Pornl*.. nhd
this tlmo through the school ranks, U
will bo remembered that fast fall on
bin wentflrn tourn "Joe" l_nlIoy, of
Cornwall JncrosBo fame, took tlio ront-
(er In hand and auw.ei.od tho school-
Inic of Canada's nntlonal gamo along
tlwj line aa ivbo.c-ft^vntioft..d. \V». at*,
told that Principal nruce, of tho Con-
1.-1 KtluMil, lm.. vtewd on tho rnntior
and with that end In vlow Is arranirlng
to start nthotA la^roevc. ijuV of Ae-
Mll forblrl* Mrtticr comment, only that
we hop© onr first report Is correct..
cast. ThU pfctur« was awarded Uw
26,000 frnnc prteti nnd mndal In a contest N*tw#fn all __* idc.uro hmt*r
In Kurope.    For to-night and tower-
or troubles.
DI ftThtt
0AT._3.~0* lUMar, -A»»ll 15«&. t«
Mr and Mra, Wm. Oat*s. * i.an_:hter.
BIRTM
W»im_..~On Tiu-sdny, April 1«. a't
.Wlf reil-J.f.**. (Mm 3.s<-Pfc*i*?*c__ At*,
to Mr and Mrs. Thoa. UpWH. a son.
'and Be Happ5Ty
yyj7:m^M^Xy:7
Hardware
Q-
fernie;
Furniture
r»
People's Popillar Picture Playhouse
■ - -    -   -' -'.  .   •   , -'A .'*' r- -•'-'- j    *! 7- -.' > y-,    '
»i •*.,',*-.*..-;     , ,  ■  „■.,*, ;   :-!|>>  ^   •   -^   ■     , ,,._   ■ .,  ,,,-■- "
Frid% and SktuMay
■■■'"' '*". "     -' '*"-•'*       v -..!"•...   '■        ■-   ..    : ,   „'"" , .--      -
5 Reels   -3   Comedies
,. ..i
An Unlucky Preseitit
■;
A Funny -Film.
a
". . Auotlier. funny one that' deals .witHHwo^suitori.'.'1,'"^ aiito-4 ^
- moBile.tliat "auto" but it don % and tlie horse1 that "always gets '
"''•."hprp*"'   '    'A    *'"*  '"** ■"   7* '"'"     ■•  .;"V   .""'-'.'"'.' '"'7 '"-,""-    y~
';";": ■■-''Divdrcebii&^.v'-"
'.'■   '    1.-. "-     '"- -       -. -o-   .;. ;>*, ■     . '    -,,   ,-
7 ^ Sardou's great comedy.-"   You have seen the ,play, now see
the picture. ..■-.,•'■. '    7 ' ':    "' ':'   "' ,,1'"\;
T^h^ Way of a^" Maid T;
"   Nobody understands a woman, and this picture proves it.   ■
New York $ 15,000,000 Fire
One full reel of the greatest.fire in years." ■   y ' .   ■• * *
\   " , ' • '•:'*■.
Coming;!
The Golden Wedding
• "■;. v   ■     ■      • -.    '" v •   , *   •■     - *
After Fifty Years
A two-part historical Italian war picture taken by Ambrosio '
* Turin, Italy.    Italian characters.    Italian Scenery.   Greatest
, ^military film over, conceived and staged.   1000 Thrills, surprises and sensations,    2,000 Peoplo in tho caste.    Ufiual price.
Thfe picture was awarded the 25,000 franc, prize aiid gold medal'
in a contest between'all the'makers,of Enropo. „
. ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■'■■'■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■'■' *B«B_MMB_W__W^-»-__»--B^-a^_^___^____^___^_^___^_^____BI
Free to Lady Patrons-Beautiful Silver Spoon
For two coupons, issued Tuos., Thurs.,'& Sat. Matinee
Don't Forget Saturdays Matinee
a E. LYONS
Insurance, Real Estate
andlToans
* 1 I
. ,T -., „.., , , 1 . y_   1     1 1 ,, 1,       ,.     ,
''■■    "   _ """"       ""     l_ (-«—*—. ■"■"" ■ ■ -""*
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
i
Wa m\a y-c_r_rAi2_ii2>
Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
Engraving
i High class selection of
Watches, Clocks, and Novelties
PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES
Try The Ledger For Job Work
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TJMjDISTWOTtLEDQEE, F]^NlB,j;B;vP.,^BIL,^lfl^
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IS
PAGE SEVEN
W¥W*¥y'V¥¥¥»fo¥¥¥W^
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v ACORBIN J;NOTES
7;-;;*"By '"Krimfa." - J
A/*
'<■'._-
♦ ^^.•"►^♦^"•■fr ♦ ♦ ♦ *S"K
.„.-. - ■?!>",< - j- l>y. -*.<?Mf> ■-,      ■.".---■- j.y'5."'
;'* •,-..TWBgsAaye.t.-b'eg'ihing to .'hum'/u^
7 -. bera?owing-?7tc... iho;,c«esatlon of jvork
.in theKasterifi States, I.suppose.'?• The
miho^is'^rkinB'.lWrly steady'now'and
.. ?  . evef|;b()dyjtf;_l96kiqg*:,happy —"th^ugh
tlred:   '*,""'/„ ''A'*--,.,'-.;'..   -■;
*. '   ;Tlie farewell*dance to?Mr and Mrs.
*: • Bell, proved;k/great,- sucoess|^and *-an
,-■   * enjoyatife. timo .was ispetit".)}' all pre-
y sent     Dr., Gladwin, on behalf of the
> Conservative Club,. presented Mr. .Bell
,   with a purse of gold,* which the'latter
suitably, acknowledged.
Mr. Tom Davies, another old-timer,
and who "along*with7Mr. Hi,Bell has
■ ;    the Corbln'Efforts,"left'here for'Nelson
-'A b'eenr providing the dance music for
?-' on 'Monday morning-'last; '* To snow
,, ?, that his. services, had., been ..much ap-
"?"preciated*,.by, the people of-Corbin, a
:---»*'fareweli dance'wa& arranged and took
- .   place last Saturday evening, when a
A A ;spie__di_t crowd*-turned iipto say good-
- *   bye toVhim.-*-*       -     "'   •'*■     A-. *
,    *-?.       - **        .* -, **
■ y. .'sA^^lucky- ibeggar,,,although  on" the
,; {afternoon shift last week,-found-time
■ A,to go.up to the residence of-a firveboss
-    '.: and cut wood? '"■ '  "*.»>» .-'•?:''° ■"-.->-\
Pitboss:  ■ Oh, Tony;   you vote for
-' '"A'Rqss, savvy?. •.•.'■ -    -'•- • :■   -'     "•
,,'. .Tony:. Sure; Meester' Peetbpss,    I
■. -."vote forJRoss.'  •' v  "'; 7 A", = « '_..,'.
'   •' Pitboss: \ That's good; come out in
the morning, I got good job for you...
After, a certain pittbqss' activity in
the Conservative interests during the
- election. Just passed, one^began to'look'
upon this ".worthy"' as past redemption,- but'I-am" pleased to say that he
'is^appafently^swervirigVround./lo thp
Socialists' way' of .thinking.    Aiiyway,
"he "certainly believes . in ' everybody
working,' for not only does he?do a
bit otf the:/-iidde.,himself, but now'.he(
has the shotlighters timbering.   Guess?
he'll have-the "Hon." Corbin shovelling coal next.
An'-.Interesting encounter was, .witnessed ' the other aftefnbon^ between
twb+'well-known .and highly ^respected
. Corbin. ladies-and, a .well proportioned
;rooster;". The;'latter*'was apparently
..congratulatingi.l-imseif-on-ihis-jv.ck-in-
' being allowed' a* little extra latitude
when the beforemeiitloned ladies.came
on the scene,,and after a discussion as
.to whether"be should or shouldn't, it
was'evidently decided that he should
riot, and efforts were at once made to
, effect ,hls:.c"apture.     Naturally he offered a stubborn resistance'; and an
exciting timo ensued,' during which* he
came, in for'some "..warm" treatment.
• However, thinking discretion the better part of valor, ho. at last, mado a
dlvo for the' chicken coop, but was
promptly captured by tho tail by the
' more aggressive of the two ladles. We
haven't much money, but..wo do see
life., .',' " , t '".,'-•' " : • ' .",
. John Virgo camo in from tho Flathead. His partner, Roy Allen, went
outlto Cranbrook'on bulsncss.'
ypu'*; Kav^yBdWeyi'd^       the? matter
; ..^f1?co^.*aio^
'.K'i^J it-jstU"*!'iag^me^HnBy^d^promises to
-J,;** '^llii^e^^^^^    4:1%' \
t..ossing|i/d^_n.t£^^
it's more'thaa "myjob's"worth.V?', Fire-
t\bssiiig;must-be'a ^.daridy''. job, eh?
Somegeople.evldently thjnk so? ,*,,?- •
7,'What.do you think'of a man'who,.
v. *£. Yto.-.'
&*!*£
having-.received assistance, from the
Michel "Local during'the strike1 period,
althougU'he had never., pai'd a cent-into
the4"' ri'rganizatloh. whon*" asked ito sign
the check-offJ by "the I., B.-M.j'for.the
District, asks for time to consider the
matter?""'-It would be Interesting to
know whether -.this person' asked. for
time-to consider whether he would receive the r'atlons'allotedto him by the
relief . eomttiittee. He will perhaps
oblige.       \   .. ' ?,. ,  ' ;; .-.-.,.,-
The dances • are 'on-5, the bum - this
week.or so.. .Some people„say there's
a scarcity- of ■ musicians, and others
that they are waiting.for.the ."Master
Mechanic" to take "The Lead-in. fixing up "The Old" Grey;Bonnet," which,
was-badly mauled "After7,the. Ball."
■Mr.' J.VA. {Murray, of Michel,, came
up on- a" visit Monday -last. *' _
The Corbin Baseball fans are having lots'of practice and apparently will
have something to-say when cup honors (excuse me, "keg honors") 'are distributed.; The/ Chicago .-Blade says,
Spokane, prov.ides the .first- opposition;
♦ ♦♦♦*♦♦♦'♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ «►
♦ '.       HOSMER   NOTE8. ♦
♦ "Looker-on." ♦
, Tlio mombors of Iiosmor Local 2.97
U. M, W. of A., decided nt theirmoet-
„lng on Sundny to aid tlio widows nnd
orphans of tho minors lost in tho explosion at' McCurtnin, Oklahama,
IIOBmer Local' has donated $20 to
tlio 'Demonstration to bo hold at
Fornlo on May Day.,
A, Sharp has tioon.nDpolntcd prosldont, J. Tuppor having resigned. ,
II, A. Marx loft on Sunday fo. 1.<1«
monlon, and ls succccdoil In tho offlco
hy Mr, Downing.
', Tho' boarding Iiouho boys compl.i'ii
ot driifltlc rtilos bolng enforced at monl
tlinoa., Tlio troublo Is It don't cut
both ways, Ib It because tlio prosont
oecnpnnt In Quitting.
Wo lionr of tlio cook getting roasted
at ono of tlio hotels for giving ono of
(lio bonnlors too.big a ploco of plo.
Ono of tlio boys gives tho area of (ho
snld plo nn four Inches, You'll got a
big ploco on pay day, Mlko.
. Oco.ro McQuoon lias boon oloctod
cnptnln of tlio* Hoitnor Football Club
nnd Toddy Partridge vloo-cnptnln,
V, nurrif.' shop bus boon undergoing
a spring cleaning and hnit boon point*
cd Whlto and groon Inside. On Sat-
urdny last oho customer found a counter attraction and got within tho bnr-
ricnilo and camo away wltlr a land-
■ scape In oil* on Ms pant
♦'.*•. ♦.'♦"♦ ♦'-♦»'♦♦ ♦. ♦, ♦
MICHEL. NOTES
♦ ♦<!«►♦♦♦♦ ♦:♦ ♦ ♦ ♦,<♦*
'„ The MichelUeshave started in earnest for.the. Football;-League and they
are^p'factisin'-. ;• goo-d?' both' Senior and
Junior7team.s.:> Success to them, but
let us hope some of the Juniors don't
get. swelled ^heads' before entering into
good work.-y "5"'"'  7     ■'."':*.   * A
The baseball team. is also jmaking
Itself pretty^ lively. '". 'Tliey -have already* played a,few practice matches
and 7py.f the.way they, areshaplng we
can* look forward to "seeing, some real
lively'matches. '"5 ■*' ;'■* -*',.' y \
- Our Bill is busy painting up tlie Bank
_BuiIding?-^_The-weatherj>has-notr;b€en
very, favorable for him-so far,.but we
hope :'it- will in' the near future .so that
he can get the job' done nicely. ..Well
done, Bill.;   Keep rolling them?-in.
Mr. Charles Simister,paid;a .visit
here from the prairie on Sunday last.
He; says tho ploughing season *is-..very
brisk and everybody is busy., A
Rumors are about that/Lucdbreck
Mines may start up again soon.   .
7$. Harries is busy, working.up. the
boys Into the organization again. Let
us nil get busy. ' It is needed' in District 18;, the boys know it quite well.
- Mr. Gamago passed away suddenly
on ' Saturday evening. We are .not
suro If that'is tho correct name, but
think that ls the name by which he
was generally 'known. ^ Death' camo
quietly and peacefully. We' beg to
oxtond our sympathy towards his fam.
ily and relntlyes In their sad bereavement. * Tho body was takon on Tuesday por passongei; train, ■ to , Parry
Sound, Ontario, whoro tho funoVal will
tako placo,       "'   '.'
T. Colquhoun loft liore on tho Flyor.
a few days ago, westward bound, nnd
Air, Julian board od the Local .east-
bound. Wo wish thorn both good
luck. ,,
Mlchol Band have commenced their
practices with Bomo young blood. Lot
us hopo for stfme good muslo from,tlio
ycung boys. Mr? G. Hcddlngton, their
nblo conductor, Is giving thorn some
gcod lo. sons,    .
Michel Locnl hns given a change to
DkI-1 mombors, Tholr meetings aro
hold or. Saturday oyenlng;*. at 8 p.m.
ovory fortnight. This Is dono to glvo
tho membership a little nast ns thoy
1'avo hnd a busy tlmo lately.
Somo of tho boys will soon tako. to
tholr old Bport~fl_lj|ng.
"John Loekctt Is leaving the mines
onco mora to look aftor IiIb crops, Sue
coat to you, John.'
♦ ♦♦*♦. ♦.♦;♦*:*<►;*♦• ♦ ♦ ♦
^. ,   ■ ,' - ,iAA.-Ay7 ..v   *: '♦
♦ A ;    BELLEVUE^ A,. .,' ■ ♦
♦ .yVA:yyyA7-:.^s^
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'♦ ♦^ .♦'.^ ♦, ♦ ♦ ♦
' -Mr^and.Mrs.. J.'/J^Watters gave, a
card party at their-.home when,,a number of their friends-were present.''-7
.*. The deal has- gone .through -for, the
Crow's .Nest Pass .Hardware- Co.;. to
take over the..* Bellevue-. Hardware
Store. - • Mr. W. J. McGowan, of Frank,
will be manager, * y ,*• \-\.
>Mr. jcihn .Lorimer,, of. Belleviie",' Ib
leaving. for Hillcrest; where.- he will
commence work at the mine." ■, Mr,
Lorimer.'has been acting as;track-layer .at Bellevue Mines, . c7 u.-.- x ,",
- Mr. Walter Miller has ,started, to
build- his house on 'one of the lots' by
the side of?the.Socialist Hall.7 .*■•■■.-'
-Dr. and Mrs. Mackenzie visited, Pin-"
chei** Creek, on'Tuesday, last.."., .
Mr. Hyslo'p, of' Coleman, will preach
in the Methodist Church - on Sunday
evening next. '   /, .- ?
The "Bellevue'Band are expecting to
fulfil - engagements at .Blairmore . on
April 28 ,and Fernie,.May 1st?,
The -basket social advertised for
the1 band on April 22nd has been*postponed, until the 24th of. the-..same
month.   , :.-■  ., .•■   -,   •'    > *    ,:' •      ,  -,
Mr. Kelly,,' schoolmaster," returned
from Calgary after attending, the .Provincial- .Teachers'. '* Convention -held,
here. *- ■■■ , •-" ..".,- . -' ,. ,.
. *■ The. footballers and baseballers of
Bellevue are getting;lots of, practice
these days,'and the rival teams of'the*
Pass -will have to, hurry up to even
get a look in at the Bellevue- boys. •
.Mr Francis Aspinal, Provincial, Inspector of Mines,.has,been inspecting
the mines-at Bellevue last week,
■♦♦»Voi»;«.>
Tho problom of Instruction and
ohm ntlon of tho foreigner, which Is at
(he present tlmo so universally ex perl,
tared throughout C.vu dn, Is otibftglng
Iiu. attention of ch? CVIomnn, 8-lu.ol
Board.
At a spoclal meeting of the Hour."!
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦■♦.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ?. ♦
♦.' .*. ..- FRANK,NOTES. ,, y .♦.
♦.*'..,•           •"-'-,•                     -      :"' ♦
♦ V ♦♦♦♦.♦♦♦♦ ^P. ♦' ♦
Mr. S. Sinclair, of0Blairmore, was in
town last-week moving the safe from
the'Union'Bank of Canada'.to their
temporary quarters at Bellevue.
. .Mr and Mrs.'-TWindsor are now living
at the Sanatorium.',' Mr. John Mitffet,
the ccTmipany's" time-keeper, has also
moved,up there.-'    • . *   . -    ;  "
James Bombadiery, of ■ Blairmore,
has1 now got a job as'fireman in the
Frank power house. ;
Oreste. Catrano, who has1 been pump
man in the old mine for some "time,
has quit, and.expects to leave town in
a few days time.
W„ Pattison has' given'up working
In the mine,here.and has accepted a
position with the, Frank Lime 'Com-*
pa'ny, he has movect down to live near
his work. ■
The committee appointed to wait on
the Provincial Government made their
way to Calgary last week, where they
were to, meet Premier Sifton, • but
when thoy got thero the' Premior had
left-for tho coast, so nothing definite
haB'tieon dono yet about tho,removal
of the town. 7 *      ','   -
Mr. Geo. Somerton nnd noslstant,
loft last Thursday for Port Albernl,
whoro George oxpocts to start his Jewelry busineBB.
■ Mrs.nDavId Steene and family left
Frank on, the noon' train Wodnosday
for their new homo at Pocahontus,
Miss Bella Stecno went with them.
MIssos 'I_',' ThomnB, McCury rind
Dials spent Sunday last ln Coloman,
roturnlng homo oa Sundny night.
Mr. B.' G. Cooper, of the Union Bank
staff at Blairmoro, tnkos tho 2.30 train
from this point every Saturday..
A dnnco, was given In tho'Minors'
Hnll on Monday night.
Mr and Mrs T. J. Thomas and tholr
son John, loft on Wednesday night for
Sodgowlclc In Northorn Alborta
Preparations are" bolng mado* (0 play
tonnls on tho,old skating rink during
tho summer months, Uio courts nro
nearly ready'for, tho.players now.
I, D, S, Iinrrott, of tho Blairmoro
l-ntorprlno, who has boon touring Can-
otla' and Unltod States along tho Pad*
flo const, roturnod to his liomo on Saturday last.
Mr. II, C Mooro, tho locnl Inwyor,
who lias boon absent ln tho Btaton for
a fow weeks, roturnod to town on Sunday.
Sandy Hold, of Frank, has returned
to his old homo la Hamilton, Scotland. .
Tom Harries, the International
Bonrrl Member, wns In Blairmoro In
tho beginning of tho wook making nn
attempt to re-orgnnlre tho local union
- We also; -have.* to. record . the. deata
ot two. infants which took Place up
hero, this "week! „.The first,one, the
son of "Mr''and,'Mrs. Thos." Reid, who
died on:Monday night-,and. was!interr-:
ed" at. Fernie' Cemetery on* Wednesday
afternoon.,., The .other one, the;lnfant
daughter-of Mr and }>Its. D. F. Mark-
land, "died on :Tuesday night and was
interred' at Fernie Cemetery on Thursday afternoon. * .',**- .-
'- The- Football * Club. went - down to
Fernie Saturday.afternoon last.to fulfil
the . friendly. fixture. ,,   Some of the
players, were  not up to their usual
form; but taking    the    game"' right
through they did- not do- amisB.'   The
first  half •: of ■ the> game -was pretty
evenly contested,, each team in.turn
being in'the danger zone, but no score
resulted./',? Shortly    after " half-time,
however,  the   Creekites  went  a'way
with a'rush and theFernie goalkeeper"
was tested, but he banged out.   * Patterson caught.it,'and sent in a beautiful low shot, .which gave them., no
chance'at all.'    This livened .things
up a little and it looked'as if play was
going to get a-.little rough," but the
Referee■.(J.' AVilson)   kept the .game
pretty well in hand by pulling them up
once or twice.  ' A penalty was given
against McFegan, "which was taken.by
one .of the, backs and ."pied," the ball
striking , the crossbar.      End to  end
play continued,.but there was no'further score, and  the game . ended  in
favor, of Coaf Creek 1—0.      -'.'<••'■'
' Some gentlemen up here would like
to;,know'.what;became of the., box. of
cigars ' the   Professor.had.  -.Jimmie
blames Willie; and Willie blames some
one else.  'However, they went and
we'never got 'a. smoke out bf "them."
Too bad..'--• 7 ■> ,       .      ,*,'      .-'*"•
, Mr. °William Ratcllffe, who has been
a resident-u^^here on and off for over
eight 'years,* .working" in' the 'electric
shop,- left last"Sunday for New'South
Wales, Australia?' 'He carries 'with
him .'jthe .best -wishes, of' hisv ' many
friends residing .up here.0 .
-^Mryyrhcmas-Puckeyf-a-residentA.f
Jermyn, Pennsylvania, arrived up here
bn We?dnesday'on a visit to his cousin
of, that-name, whom he has not seen
for.over.twenty-five years. He says
tb§ mountains look all right, but he
prefers the open.cpuntry. , ,...;„■.
Jas. Corrigai^' got r a nasty' scalp
wound' while' working in No. 9 Mine
this week.'       '"'      '-'■,'
' The mines were■ all".Idle here on
Monday, Wednesday and Thursday. ■
RAiLRbAD.EMPLOYE iNJUREDv, ,
?V EVERY SlX^MlNUieS; oNE-
ArAlKli-LED EVERY TWo HOURS
' W^HINGTON,'^^"April^ \ 16.—Every
six minutes;'day anS niigbt, a ra'iiroad
employe"is killed or'irijured,'''an'd every
two hours, <mV, is killed:'- l'- -
■ This ■ was*.,tiie .startling calculation
made recently by Sepatpr Chamberlain
ot' Oregon, in- addressing the" Senate
ln/b4haif,o_A.be.'new einPloyers' liability bill.'' *"*',' "" "*'- ']/" 7'" "
- .""These-figures' ar* -appalling." be
said.'.; "It is.not.to be .wonder«4tbat
thero' has, been a loud, and persistent
demand on the." part of employes engaged* in" all "forms of hazardous employment for a change In? the doctrines
which fiave practically cast .-the burdens of industrial accidents' upon, -.bo
employes and their families, who are
least"*able -to "bear them? ■ Tbe|treod
of opinion is toward a policy/that will
make every business tiear the burden
of industrial accident -where human
agencies are .involved, just as H has
always done to * the inanimate instrumentalities.'' , '. • "
Chamberlain explained tbat tbe tnea-
e if re*, required railroad • companies to
compensate, employes for disability
due tb accident and to pay" heirs'ot
men -who Meet. death in the service.'
The'bill, likewise wipes out tbe favorite defense of employers that accidents are due to ."negligence of a fel-
low-serva»t,".1,pr "contributory negligence." A A ' >
'" Senator Chamberlain also submitted
at length'his'idea's concerning the
bill's, constitutionality.
COSTS LESS-TO LIVE |N
 AUSTRALIA THAN .
;IN*MOST COUNTRIES
- The Rocky Mountain
SANATORIUM ;;
At the Famous Sulphur Springs
XX.X:, "   'FRAN:K;_ Alta.     ..,",".., ■"'.
Fitted throughout with every modern convenience
Sulphur baths.'" bus to all trains
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
■ ' - ^      Wholesale Dealers in .   -  *   -
Wines, Liquors arid
, CIGARS'-       ."■ :';\;*
FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK-
^ '    j  o Phone 83, Frank, Alta. ,   '   V '
,.f. 'f-..
TACTIC8 AND PROPAGANDA OF
GERMAN SOCIALISTS SHOWN
'      .)-   ■    -        _______
m
I
.»o near oi tore* weodingi taking |'». Apill ll, Mln Munhkat, a 1e.Vi.Mr|w„*h t^ m^ y^ vm. 0„M<V ^rcirnyci.
f-iiw Atirim; iU- ..«.;._ faw u'aj*., Tim auu .tac-iur ot isomi r.oto (.0,(1 int\\\< nru! oxj^p.tod to bavo things ln i?ood
prospect I vo bridegroom., all wear   o <n<« among ttu_ vrtfloa* foreign p «o-
p.1**, «<atllne?A a pro?***"! "H-Mitl-jr a
night school would,ba Instituted, mln-
latorlng    ospeclitlly to tbe needs of
«mlle.    Wbiit th*. r**t w#*r w«*wtH
tfill you noxC wocl..
Mr. Vi. Wilson, n •wcll-lcnown buyer
Vt\i-U..iu m_.i.iu<i-t_.. .,iy_ui_, .ittn ii.tit.ht) it) wucnn .hck t»t -ttiowjodgo t>Jj
accepted the manflgement of tho Hoi'
ner Industrial Society Ltd,.
Saturday otrenlng laata'largo crowd
of sower enthutlatta wero busy, getting th« ground Into ihitpo. Tbo boya
«r« Itchfnir to Mt i% klrJr a. tho hnlf,
By tho way, wbal'a the matter with
Engllih and KngHih education la prov,
lng a detriment,
Tho hoi^rd fell, how«v<\r, that worthy
and dealrabto aa tho object undoubted.
ly in, tho program of expansion to
whlri". th*v hitrn afrnsffy pfflifjr^if th-.m>
Ht-htn will roqtilro to bo completed be-
iho ..awbalWii* nran't tht<y m^nhh nt f««v nny f^flh *cntcrpri_;c Ja cmbailicJ
lit'lpinj. out" on \ht> KrovnOat    Omuu upon,
theyll want to uh them occasionally.
Oont forc«t Snow Call on Monday.
Th« Ifotrtver Foothatl Club play
lh«lr flrtt I_*«,|tfl* But.eh *. feowx. «■■»
May 11th. wb«i Wehat wU) bo thftr\
opponcnia.
Tho Rc-y flcout Movfmi'int fa to ho
tho anbj««t for ditto-arm at th« rwnn'i
Tbo mailer la. than/tot*. Mt in ab#y
aneo for tho prewnt, but will b« ron.
aldetod. It 1» probablo. dnrlnir tho com-
l«r imiwfiiJ. *ftd nrlrntT.
ahapo hy tbo ond of tho wook.
Tbo dlfforont boards of trado R<*om
(o bo taking an nltoroit In lho proaont
P'ffiWw  nfielflrm   nf l\r- J-V.!."?:  ■".'.   ".,..
and havo abowod tholr aympalhy In a
prectlr-Al way, Tho lateat to hear
from Is nialrmorti, which pasaod a ro**
solution at a nicotine; hold on Monday
night asking tho Provincial Govern-
mont to do somothinp. to holp tho town
"In a monarchist and aristocratic
country tho principles, of Socialism
have behind theni the emotional forces that have won tho long battles for
political liberty in England nnd by inheritance in the United States," says
Elmer, Roberts in. tho April Scrlbnor's
Magazine. "Free-thinkers find in it
a now theology nnd as a projected systom of government and political ooun*
omy it engages tbe hopes and tho Imaginations of things that are.
"I know nothing llko Gormnn Socialism in the politics of othor countries,
for tlio'grip it lias on tho thoughts
and emotions of tbo mon and tho womon who linvo equal rights within the
porty. Tho pnrty organization Is qullo
oxtrnbrdlnnry, extraordinary for Immediate results In tho campaign and
moro for Lho long look ahead.
"Tho mothers and fnthors aro por-
suaded that, whllo material ease and
happy social conditions will most likely novor bo tholi'B, tholr chlldron mny
win thorn If thoy know how io tnko
hold of tho lovers that tho Soclnliet
party offers to thoir hands. Thoro-
fore, tho child must loarn tho meaning
of Boclnllsm and all that It mny do
for lilmBolt and his class.
"Socialist mothors undertake to put
tholr chlldron on tho path. Nu.nor*
littlo stories nnd romances with n Socialist moral aro In circulation for
youiiK pooplo and tho Soclnllst lo.».*).•
cr with magic lantern ontortalmi nnd
Informs. Dramatic nnd operatic performances, with Socialist motives, arc
Klven In nil cities of Importance, Pictures, t'oxts, and mottoes with tho
party thrill In thorn nro on tho walls
of hnlf n million dwellings,
"Tho pnrty owns sovont,y-«lx dnlly
newspapers, a press association, aovo-
, .    .....    ..v......       _»MU       .„./
IsAwn p«hll«hlnr rwiflw*. Thc litem-
furo, Including n oonsldorablo rango of
oxcollent non-Soclallst books, (s lm-
mon bo. Tho party han 200 central
.'Ireulatlng libraries nnd 377 branches.
"Trin TnnTm»/>nir,nt r.f ♦**>/■, j>;»J»- -"'(7
upon tbo principle that all stlmulatlnK
scientific, poetic, philosophic and romantic literature advdcaloa tho rni.no.
A variety of special books designed
to iktrnct from tho reverence nnd respect for tho emperor taught In tho
.LONDON.-^Comparison is made.in,
a. pamphlet j. written by Mr.., G. H-
Knibbs,"'" statistician to the Australian
government; and published by authority of the" Commonwealth Minister for'
Home-Ajfairs, between the cost'of living in j Australia and other countries
for which statistics are available- The
difficulty jn "making such comparisons,
i_Ato?^8U_reltba_tlthe___datA-oi_7whicb.
they are based are collected on a uni-?
form-scaler although this danger isr
absent in the; present case Mr.'Knibbs
has evidently been at some pains to
secure an, accurate basis, for bis ^investigations' "■ '. '■**
''The restilts"are'eifiinentlyfavdrablo
to Australia, and seem to Prove that
tho cost of ■ living in that country Js
cheaper than in- most Parts of Europe,
not, only relatively to current rates .of
wages'-but even absolutely In certain
important- departments of household
expenditure. Thus, In a comparison
with Germany and the United States.
Mr. Knibbs shows Hint in tho average
Australian household, when housing,
food, fuol and lighting nnd clothing are
provided-.for, .0.82 per cent of tho
family.income is available for other
expenditure as ngalnst 30.70 per cent
in Germany, and 25.00 per cent In the
"United, States', This margin roprosonts
what may ho'termed'tho "margin of
comfort,",which, it will thus ho seen,
is considerably higher in Australia
than In the American Uoptiblic, Moreover, the figures in tho cnRc. of the
latter aro bnsed on conditions in 1907.
since which yoar prices hnvo advanced considerably In America.
Wlien noto ls taken of the average
oxpondlturo on food per family tho result Is equally favornblo to Australia.
The iivovngo weekly Income Per Iiouho
hold among tho Industrial classes |n
Australia is given as £3 Js, i_d, and
tho nvornge amount oxpondod on food
,Ct 2s. 31/jd., or ;.o por cont ef tlio
totnl. Tills refers to only the highest
pnld clnBs of skllloil work; tho flBUres
for tho other pountrlos nrn solcctoii on
tho samo basis, tu the united S'utos
out of air vernfro weekly *v go <»f .tl'l
Oil,, tho sum of .J_H.i_.h- Gd„ or r.3.7 por
cont booh to provide food! whllo in
Groat Drltnln, with on uvorngo waokiy
wago of ,C2 12«. OVjd.* tho oxpondlturo
on food Is £1 Os, 8d» or 57 per cent;
nnd in flornmny. with tho wookiy
wngo avorago of -C2 8«. S'/id.,, £1 17s,
•iV.d„ or hi A par cont |» devoted to
this riooossary outlay.
It Is ohvlotiB, from Uioho figures,
that, tho task of making ends moot is
connldornbly onslnr for tho Austrniinn
working man thnn for his follows m
mont otlior countries.
Furniture
,,    -We have the largest and most .up-to-date.: -.
Hardware and Furniture Stock
- . in the Pass.   . Everything in     ' '
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Furniture
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
1 t        . ■     • '■-„"'''"     " '
Phone 7 = .FRANK,  Alta.-P.O. Box 90
New Michel General Merchandise Co.
Importers of ,   „
ITALIAN  PRODUCTS
'   '       '        . (.V ;
,'   „ and Dealers in r
E)omestic  Groceries
1.   - *
Agents for Steamship Companies. New Michel, B.C.
T.M. BURNETT
Dealer In ' ~        "■
Dry Goods,,  Boots,& Shoes
Men's  Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods   at   Lowest   Prices
Hillcrest
_r\.lXcl.
HOSMER
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
Limited
Let us know your wants.
All Orders Receive Our Careful
Attention.
AUTHORIZE A STRIKE
Engine Driven on Eaitern Railroad*
May Quit Work.
.V....' \'0liti, Ajirii iz."-i*y * uitv-
Jorlly of moro (liai. «_},0oo 0«t of 25.000
voto* <*«»t, <-t.(.|rw><r8 «f t\ttY K.H'«ad*
cast of Clifcnifo nnd nortit of tlio Norfolk nml Wootorn lutvo ai"lioi')sF-<,(l A
K....M-.,      t,|tWrtU1      IXirl*'*""      tl»K(ll)«l''.(.f.*
with tho roads for irtcroniici] pay .nil-
How* loriff would tlmw. ncclilnnt*
kocp up |f tho "hfsnt fltlwnn" inMoa'I
of wflKo worker! furntth^I the vie-
»lm«T Nono fit th+tm "tH-rttfrtit*" j
would happen with nn)' fonsitiorntion ]
n\\*t) tn ftiA mr-n \\-bfi fnrp'"H fl"1 \lr
Slater   Shoes
\V«» Imvc juHt opened our Int^o sprin*» ship-
*m*>Ttt of nf till1**!** fjiwinnu ul«ooo «>»;#1 ?,>,'>*!•" .}.'.','
host N.i.fje of ty-l.iti), $;"?, antl Jj«J «hoct. over
i.liown in Iiosmor. Sro th« now xtyl'.s di«-
playo'l tins wook in south window.
iShtt(Mttim
«e«tlB« »«t fiorvdiy afternoon.  If   t.T0r,S(^^*:^ ir*'?^$Ec^i'l
om. of l!« prwoDl diflculty.' In Satur-1 ««,*»»'»»*   "ie   <*lrc.ilntcd.    They   arc
d»y'« Culwry p*p«r w« noticed thnt i written holdly y«t with etutton miff!- .	
t_»lwry Hoard of Tr«,d# had done th* j f"i|,nt t0 hreH th<,R> w,»h'n «he lawr. j,j.,J(ii     \cv\teti\u. don'l UHm-    !>*" •
itmo thing. j W*lnit k*« majosta and wdltlon.-      finite, jinchnnttlnic l»w U \h* rorf th»i!
The Aliens Hot*. \n WMrw(>K la] '   \m)e» the unlverw*..    Th« "br-ft fltl-i
holnjr enl»rK«il, th« ojd bntldfnir U b*-j   COHKSITAOKS, Denmark.—At th*., Km*" who ovd thc mln*«. nnd Ml'-
(ok moved back and a new front Ii to!municipal elwtlon* h«rw th* _to.laU_.« 'ywA*. and blaat ft.rr.ftO* -jtn^ rA*r in-1
(wadded af, once. Spoiled 60,47* "tea out of a tola) nf'.tintrl.il nitartrl**  vrhloh  «fMfr^ th* [
A la.ft# numWr ot Watrmorfl m<*nJiaft,oif». in ino» tbo SocIalUt vot*|llw--_ that ma1k« th#m pi>*i»lbtf kno* j
bc.oni.1n.* to "noB-Rnnllih *pMi*ln«r f waa 11,115 ont of M,!»if>. Thti gfvciith^fl lnw«. Th«y Uuow Iiow to vr*-I
»N3iinlr^« n»«nil a data where KnitllibJ tho ruda 21 aoata lnat«ad of 4tV-U«nt tb«i* "accident*'*—b«t it *oa»« !
I* K»««bt ttw* wljjl. m   a   tr**5_   |a;wakfci U «*tt.f fcajf of th«    whol«imon*y to aopply itfety *U*ltii»-~fiuir \
(i   '    Aa
Hosmer
Mir,r,s aSt son
B.C.
Frank Grtceoft btlfk banding.
jnuinber.
hor*,' f>*ad«r.
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G. A. CLAIR .*-; Proprietor Mrs-*
Wi
-6T.
rro&gg
:y-4*\
m.
.*\e5. -_.
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PAGE EIGHT
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•'?V.- 7;V*
V
,', V;'Jy,
:-c»v:p->.
* ■ vV*
>.i*
Wai dor,
Mrs.
S. Jennings, Proprietress
\**t
a
I'"''
1"
-i.
-
I'-i
i* '
Rates $1.50 and lip .
• ;*" ;Hot and Cold  Water   -
Electric Lighted
Steam  Heated. ..
, ...    'Phone in every,room.
Sample Rooms on Main
. Business Street.   , ?
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Special" Rates by the week and.'
the month and to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
a Dinner 50c
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
FERNIE
Cigar Store
H_____BM_nW_H____Hi
If . '.       r>
i
Luanch
Counter
Is Now Opened
Clean," Cosy and very
Inviting
Just the place after the
show or from the rink.
Fred. Armstrong
Proorietor
JOHN  BARBER, D.D.S., LDS.,
DENTIST
Office:  Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hours: 8.-30 to ?1;.2 to-5,- - ■•, -
"•..; Residence: 21. Victoria Avenue.
A    ECKSTEIN & MacNEIL    -
Barristers .&.' Solicitors, Notaries, &c.
'*   Offices:  Eckstein Building,
Fernie, B.C.
F. C. Lawe     ."             Alex. 1
.Fisher
-,   " LAWE..& FISHER
•". 1         ■  :       -•"*,'
ATTORNEYS . .-
•    />' '
,.   Fernie, B. C.
-.        ,      L. ■ H.    PUTNAM r
v     „    .*'-,■-■-
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
i) , *-
BLAIRMORE,   . '  ALTA.
KING'S  HOTEL
Bar supplied witli  tho  host Wines,
'      Liquors und Cigars
PINING ROOM  IN  CONNECTION
W. MILLS,
Prop
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay fi_2B5_
THE FERNIE
LUMBER o CO.
i ,j ,"   .....
A. McDougall, Trlgr
Manufacturers of and Deal-
ers in all kinds of Rough .
and Dressed Lumber
1 • i
Send us your orders
An American* publication'-which" circulates, almost exclusively among the
United.Mine Workers in-the States,'
coiitains'a communicati'onjrom Submit IIIH in-Pennsylvania'in' which1 it is
poin ted ?out'tbat one .of the'rarest geological paradoxes in America .-is be-,
ing worked" out;- through > the ba'c__-fir:
ing of ;the famous'burning mine near
Summit -Hill. ".The fire below- has
been burning about'sixty years," but
it has reversed its course, and science,'
by the aid of which'It was hoped ot
extinguish ■ it," is said" to" be the direct
cause. The"story as recounted is,as
follows: "■ y    .-,
"President Lathrop, ot 'tlie -Navigation Company, conceived the.idea of
coping with the great' internal fire
by sinking aTsolid concrete wall, fifteen feet, thick, down into the- earth,
even deeper than1 the depth of the
deepest^ veins. This' gigantic, under-
taknig took several years, and cost the
company several'million dollars- but
while it has checked the fire from eating its' way further west, 'the hidden
flame tails to, die' out, but is following other veins backward. It Is now,
burning-in the direction, of Summit
Hill, that is, eastward in the opposite
direction from'its trend ..six decades
ago. It has already reached Mc-
Creedy's Colliery, the inside of which
is one mass offire^and which" had to
go abandoned .more,than avmonth.agp.
It" is>feared:that _•_. "will-keep, b^"h\\int
ing" until it reaches.' Su_nm_'t.?HiIl^art'.
of which is known.tp be underlaid.with-
coal."[i.yThe to(wn; or at least'.the south''
wesltern--portion',of, it; ."is "slowiy but
surely marked-for destruction'by the
subterranean"fire*.[7 ~j ' 7A ■ \"A""
- -"At niany'. places, vapour,,'steam and'
smoke, are issuing';, fronV, crags Jn tlje
earthrand the air;is filled with" gases.
The surface' of the earth is" devoid' of
all ,snow" and.'icQ,. as snow meits> as
soon as it falls' over Ihe-burning area,
and the surface in many, places is just
warm enough- to enable tbe grass and
wild flowers to grow. .The vein which
the underground fire, is following'is
supposed to end at the southern section of Summit Hill, the place where
anthracite was first discovered .by
IPhilip Gunter, the lonely hunter,, ln
1791. -When the? fire reaches that
point,. which may - require years yet,
it is believed it will burn itself out.
."As a result of the turnabout of the
underground fire, the mouth of James
"McCreedy'SsCoIHery present's the appearance of a veritable volcano, smoke
fire .and gases spoutngoutof it, the
gases often igniting and.flames,shooting- up, "illuminating the heavens for
miles, around."—Science* and Art .of
Mining,' '* ,' - ■    >
Persia.' China' and. twenty: states"* of piir"
"United'States. This is^pretty, ba^d, company for us to be in.—'.abor.Clarion:  ;'
• * •,*-.(     ^j-.vjf-'-'i.v /.I t,;
y,k*.yc ■ - ■  ., .* -.. ,'; yyyy >_.
■;   .HIRED A HUSBAND" BEATER-
When '• Police   Refused; to.y Inte'rfere'^a-
-"'.AjA Seattle Wife-Advertised . ;'*7 «
, ' •. .       y - ,.,-''.-.      .,;
* *■_. -•' \ ■- f. '■', .. - >•■-',- -^?-*-,/? - v. 7; ? \ y:
WANTEDf—A -man^.tOj. thrash, a- "wife-
<","_>eater; -$10''f-eward'^easy, work. Mrs
■:-;_£?'&"Giles; il6,'No*6 Hiir}Ave__ue;
y?ryy -.      *     - - y ?.;■*, -.,. -. .:,..-;
"iSEATTLE, Wash., 'April, 16,—That
a'dvertisement appeared here ah'd'eight
men •applied for .the,' job.^Tlie Tfirst''
applicant was a litle fellow.*: arid Mrs
Gillies", sent-him awayy'Tlie; second, a'
husky youth, said it would bef-"a. pleasure to, do the work for ?5a Mrs.tGii?,
lies engaged him at/once arid ga've.hlm
instructions., Her.husband musti-not
be permanently disfigured, or disabled,
but must .be slapped, choked;-'knocked
down and rolled on the floor. --./A    -
When Robert Bent "Gillies,- 53 -years'
old,* formerly a'.water jtroiit broker, returned home late" liv-the. afternoon,
Mrs. Gillies and the youth were waiting for him:" . Mrs Gillies, telling the
story today, said her 'young, man's
work,was so excellent that'she compelled htm to take the' full' $10 fee.
Gillies could not be seen today.' '• '
Tlie couple has been .married, tten
years. .Both are old residents of Seattle.. * Before, advertising-Mrs. Gillies
had complained, to the mayor, chief of
police and prosecuting attorney,; with
out satisfactory .results', she said.
a
R 0 ¥ A L
/K. KkNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
" Everything
Up-to-date
Call in and
' see us once
JOHN PODBIELANOIK, Prop.
■' By A. Carlson
, Only a coal miner, generally careless
and ignorant, says the mine bwner.
Why should, we go to the expense of
building ' good sanitary houses, provide "pure,idrinking water, or spend
money" in" improving, working conditions in* the mines for' him? ,> He does
not appreciate it any way. If there
should be,any who do not like our
way of. doing* business1 we, can always
find others, to take their places."
Only a'coalmines, says the banker
and business man. Why should I concern 'myself about'him? If he does
not want to dig coal he can work at
some other work. If he were smart
like myself he'might be a banker.J-It
One million'of these ignorant coal
diggers over in England came to the
conclusion that their condition was becoming intolerable on account of their
low wages and.high-cost of living, and
demand ' a - "minimum' wage.," " • Being
refused they just" quit digging coal., A
quarter of a'million, of their comrades-
in-misery in Germany,and. Prance followed' suit. "-,,.,■*".„' '   '
It,did not takesvery long for the
mine owner; the banker, the dude, the
society lady, the'*-public official,- the
indifferent* ones" and-the card man to
come to the conclusion that these coal
miners are quite useful after all. Even
such an exalted.personage.as Kaiser
f y
•A
Arid This WT0itiftTX ^
X    yThey Gall Seditiim
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Nowhere In the Past can be
found In luch a display of
Meats
We bave tho beet money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal) , Poultry. Gutter.
Eggi, Fnh, "Imperator Hami
and Bacon" Lard, flauiagea,
Welti,™ and Sauer Kraut:.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phoni-i 60
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishing;*
BAKER  AVENUE
BRANCH  AT*HOSMER,  D.C.
Is his own fault-If he is poor and has
to dig coal.   •'=.**■
Only a miner, says the societj; snob,
with a shrug of,his shoulders, rattling some, coin in his pocket that ho
"worked" the old* man out of, or won
at last night's poker game, or perhaps
compelled some unfortunate woman lo
give him out of her, earnings in degradation and shame.
A dirty coal miner, says the society
butterfly; bb she involuntarily pulls
her skirts nbout her as if fearful of
contamination at the mere thought of
associating with anything so unrefined. ?   ■
Only a coal miner, says lho ordinary
thoughtless individual. Why. of course, ho minea coal because he likes the
Job. I have no Intorest ln common
with him., I follow my occupation
and he follows his*. "It Is no affair of
mine If ho and tho operator can not
got along. , It Is for them to fight
out among themselves and not for me
to meddle with or take any latorost Ih.
Only coal miners, says the public
official. The majority of them do not
know anything about politics. Thoy
aro mostly forolgnors and don't havo
any vote, and don't know what thoy
wnnt any how, so why should we
bother ouraelvoB with tholr conditions?
ILLITERACY IN THE    .;
A v . ., ,. ,.    UNITED STATES,
A preliminary^* statement of cthe re**-
suits of the thirteenth- census enumeration regarding'illiteracy in the United
States has "just been made public, by.
the bureau "oil census. - The statement
shows that in 1910. there were 71,580,-
270 persons ten years, of; age or' over
in' the;Unlted" States; of w.iiom 5,517,-:
608 were.unable to read or write,* constituting 7.7 per cent of the population.
The native' whites, who, constitute
nearly'75 per* cent, of the entire population,, had. the smallest number of illiterates,1 1,535,580, or-3 per'cent; the
foreign-born "whites had 1,165,519 illiterates, or 12,8 per cent; the colored
had"'' 2,331,559. illiterates, or 30.5 p.c.
The gain in population from 1900 to
1910"was?13,640.456,lbut the number.of
illiterates fell off 663,461. -There waa
consequently a delcine in the percentage, of illiterates from" 10.7 4to 7.7^-per
cent of the aggregate population." \y.
'. y ' -.—',.""•..,■.   '--!**■?
.SOCIAILI8M.VOR  UNIVERSITIES'
. The following. Is, a_cbpy of the cir-.
cular, the distribution of which In
England in tho districts affected by
the coal strike '• landed * the editor of
the Syndicalist. (Guy. Bowman), It. B.
and -C. E? Buck, printers, and Frederick Crowsley, • a, railway 'employee,
who acted as distributor,.in jail,
- -'   ■  ' y- SOLDIERS: ' A 'A
'"Mineowners who refuse to pay,their
Workpeople a' Living Wage'want you
to be ready?'to" shoot 'down, the strikers. -'    '    _, „-.,,•  7 "A'   .„ ??..? .-" \ ,
you,, did' not enlist.' for - this
*, - "A'PURposeA?..   - .';"
- ."Many of you enlisted because you
were out, of work. 7 The 7 miners are
resisting,,the sweated wages; ..which
help cause unemployment. If they win,
they, will have helped'to .improve" conditions for all,' including, yourselves
when your time; comes, to leave the
army and rejoin the rank's of industry.
?'.,', '' ,v Think of This" 7 ?.'''
'S'lt you fire upon a'crowd of mei^and
womeriin Wales or elsewhere you may
be slaying your own' fathers or brothers or mothers. -. You moy. be shooting old soldiers who have.'served their
time, in, the army. And when" you become,, workmen, again, and try to raise
your wages, by'means of a strike, .the
0;
Soclallstic"-Federation  to  be  Formed
Wilhelm is said to. be very "much concerned, and a general-interest among
all classes and condition's of people are
centered upon the.miners. All agree
that if they do not1 soon, resume their
work in the colleries England and the
whole bf Europe.will freeze and starve.
All because one class, of" useful workers refused to starve and freeze and
still continue to work'for the benefit
of an'unappreciatlvc public.
It is to * be hoped tliat this object
lesson is,not lost upon *so-call__d high
society nor upon tho workers themselves. "
The cessation of worftln any one industry praralyzbs all othor Industries
and entails loss and suffering upon all
workors and all society, and tf persist-
ed in will destroy civilization nnd life
itself. , ,It is plain, thoroforo, that tho
Interests of,,all workers'are,identical
no matter what class of work thoy are
engaged in, That "tho injury to ono
Ib tho concorn of nil,' ls not only a
figure of speech bill an actual condition.
Thc sooner wo learn this Important
lesson the sooner will it be possible
for us to receive due recognition without resorting to strikes with its useless
loss and suffering. If somo of our
political and religions "Btand-pnttors"
.Among' Universities of World^-"  '.
,'-'   Meeting on Friday ■>
■ LONDON, April 14.—A movement
having for its'object the formation of
a Socialistic federation among the uni-
versitles. of ,.the world will be' inaug:
urated at Manchester on Friday" when
the first inter-varsity-Socialistic con-,
ference will be held. Among the pre-
mler.Bchools' to send delegates "will be
Oxford, Cambridge, London, Edinburgh
Glasgow and the Irish universities. '
The agenda includes the promotion*
of tho Socialist movement In universities, thb organization of research, social and political science, the publication of statements on j, Important
public issues and the promotion of
an international university Socialist
federation.
ruling classes will call but other, soldiers to kill .you.     A •       y " ',  , 7
yDon't be the Tools of the Capital. '■
, -• ■ "7 _ ■■ Sweater - ■ *;*.'* „' -,. ,,
The' army belong tb. the, whole' nation, not merely'.to-rich masters. 7 We-
are against all, violence and disorder.
But if there is any. civil 'disturbance '
due to the excitement of a strike.it ia-;-
the business of the.police and the law
courts to deal with it, not' the business,
of the'soldiers with' loaded guns. ' *-'.-
.Limits to Human;Endurance.?"'      "t
y "Some years ago'unruly crowds" by  , ,
violent means tried to; suppress* free-, '*,
speech—free speech unpalatable to the'.?".
gover'Ament in?power.     So'.taf'fro'm"-
using-soldiers against these "crowds,.. f
though human lifev was/in, danger.'"-*','  ,
prime minister encouraged, them; Irjy \
saying'there were-limits'tb"human efi't
durance?'" •■ "-"'"' "' -'■•tt-.;-''"' J- A'A
-•   ""-•"   :".   ■   ■  ■   '.---' ■"•,*,,-- '!"". ,y.>< ■■'
yy   ,.y,.'. Disobey I ■■,--../:"iv-;,,■' A. ■
Low-paid.-workers.have.reached the-'"'
limit- of5"endurance.;'- ,They» ar"e_;only-'""'
asking;'for. what, is,rjghtl.".-They,,are.;,
striking,to -get a" wage that;will'allow A
them "to live decently/and: give'their *
children' a chance: / If' you ,Tare 7 com-   .
manded to shoot,-them, we earnestly" •
urge you-in, the,name,of justice and -. <
humanity to^disbbey'order's.-4'-, '..;'■    „ ""
PITIFULvCONDITIONJN   , %-•-
-..'"•«„       "   LONDON SLUMS
When thoy don't bolmvo tliomselvos ] and flat earth dwellers would take a
wo can, call out the pollco   and
mllltla; thoy can fix them.
Thoso conl minors arc a, vIoIohb
bunch of follows, snys the union' card
man whon lie Is asked to act as deputy
Hhcr.'., und arms hiraself with a big
"OoltH" and marchoB proudly to tlio
onmp to ImproAB upon tho 'bloodthirsty ruffians tho mnJoRly of tho law
nnd tho glory of American civilization,
tho 1 survey of the altitude' manifested by
both tho high officials and of tho com-
mon peoplo, brought nbout, by this
strike, thoy might pot "tho Impression
that It Is ovon possible to "chango human nature." It nil,.lit bo a stunning
blow to thoso "Bllllo Hnrdhoadi,," but
If It could convoy nn Idea Into tholr
bonds tho oufforing would not bo In
vain.
POVERTY OF MOTHER8 CAUSES
,    BADIES TO HUNGER-
BEFORE THEY ARE BORN
iviiu
VOUMU     Ii
Store
Victoria Ave., Vtmie
All J.iml* of
.Household  Furniture
Stoves, Tools, etc.
Bought and Sold
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Local General Teamtteri No,
141. Moots ovory Friday nlnlit nt
8 p. m. Minors' Union Hull. W.
A Worthlngton, Prosldont; !_. J,
Good, Secretary,
Bartender!' Loeal No. 514: Moots 2nd
?T*.f! V.V. rv,M,'!"*"■? pt *?.?^ **..,-,  &?,.,..
tnry .1. A. rtftuplll, Wnlrtnrf Hntfl
Gladttone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
Moots 2nd and 4th Thursday Mlnori
Union hnll.   Thoa. Uphill, aec.
Typographical Union No. S!>5' Mod*
-jiM tohumiiiy .11 t'ltcn itn.'.*'.1 hi 11 iu
Ledger Offlco, A. J, Iluckloy, Secretary.
Local Fernie No, )7 8. P. of C. Moott
(n Minora Union Hall every fiuiuln.
Hi 7.45 p.m. Kvorybody wolcomo. D.
P/ifnn, Sficrfitnry-Trttnriiirfir.
Ufllted Brotherhood of Carpenter* and
Jolnert.—l.ornl ittvi. \i. J. i'-varm.
Prealdent; F. H. Shaw, Secretary.
ASSAYER
B.   W.   W1DDOW80N, A»iay«r and
ChemUl, n^x.jOJlOi', JJelion." JJ.    C.
Clitr»«»r—OoJd, Alive.*. t_tad «r Coppar.
%l mcl.. Oold-Htlvar, or HllVfr-f.«a<t.
Pr'c*" for oth^r mntafi; Coal,
Plreelar analyate en «pp»»«i-
Pflcea for oth^r mntafi; Coal,
' an
>ai «
in rirltlih CeleiaMa.
1.50
i'*mcnt. .
tlon.. Th* tarun'
eutiom aatay et.le*
GOVERNMENT PAP
Tho UrltlHli Columbia proHS Is prop.-
tltutod, bought nnd Hiibsldl/nd to tlio
oxtont of ovor $10,000 yearly. Im-
nglno lho govornmont ndvorllftlng 1.1
flvory Jorkwator wcohly In Tlritlali l.ol-
umbla for nrchltncta lo doalgn tlio IJ11J-
vcrslty, Yet hundreds of dollars were
upont by tho Govornmont advertising
In tbo llttlo country wcoI.1Iob for plnnH
for tho Provincial University. Nlno-
tonlliH of tho rural pross nf this
province Ih In tho pay of tho Provincial
fiovornmcnt and could not oxlst but
f if f,       f        fl- {'. H  ,   I      fl        11
«_,.       ...1..     jl..,'     «._.V>.^       .'..   .>.>,...4,..      .V.      14.h.*..
by n'TnnT. v/bo bnn nnthhi!' f-V-r- tn rto
but propnrn "dopo" about Mr-Tlrlrta and
all IiIb worlta. ' Tlio very foundations
of public opinion In Tti'lHuh Columbia
aro rotten with graft. Yot. lho
'•""iVcr!1?" ",."' "Vrn*o N'li-c'M ■<-." «'jt;
havo It that tbo olociorato in I lilt lnh
Columbia U a free, nn1i.,ht«ned, nn-
blndod, unbouglit, Imcomipllliln electorate. No ono but nn nrnmt fool or n
pulpnblo Itnoyo will nrguo that It Is
anything but"venal, corrupt and pro«-
tltutcd.   Saturday Bunnct.
numbor of Horfs lio wiih exploiting,
Ab ho wnH gottlng tlio llon'n BJinro of
benefit from tho labor of, tho bonplo
undor blm, thorn wiih ovory ronHOn why
bn Hhould contribute. (0 tlio support
of tlio govornmont In proportion to the
nuinlKii' of pooplo lio controlled, and
tho tax by tho head wob tho bost way
to determine that. , It was ovldont
thnt a duho wltb a thouaand scrfii
Bhould pny ton times m muoh an as
boron with only n hundred.
Tlio poll tnx, thorcforo, wan simply
tlio n.iplliiiillon of Just principles of lax
BERLIN.—Dwelling upon ' tho tremendous lnfnnt mortality ln Germany,
Enrich Schlalkjor, In.roylowlng tho
now book, "Tho Proletarian Child," by
Albert Langon, glvos somo startling
flguroB and paints a gloomy picture
of Germany. Ho Bays: ,
1 "Tlio children of poverty hunger bo-
foro thoy nro born. Thoy como Into
tho world lll-dovc.on'ed, weaker tln\n
tho children of plenty, nnd with -.'icr.
Jowrofllstnnt poworB that Infaat 'or-
fullty rngoH In tholr ranks llko an epidemic, Tho blind,-tho crippled, aro
principally rocrulted from tholr rtvnks,
and thoy aro pnrtlculnr victim..,of aero-
fulu nnd luborculOBln.
"Even tho mlnlatryof tho Intorlbr ad
mltB that this tlilo Ib duo to lnck of
iiotii'lHliinoiit nml lack of caro '6t tho
now«born*~lnovltnblo ronultB of wo-
iiinn'o Inborn on tho farms nnd industrial employment, in tho kingdom
of Saxony, whoro womon labor na
nowhoro olao In Clormany, 18.8 por com
of tho now-born dlo, }n nil Germany
17.7 por cont dlod. Tho nvorngo for
IJorlln In 18.1 por cont. If anything
In necessary to Dhow tho handicap under which tho child of poverty comoa
Into tho world, tho nt (.Unties show that
ln tho Ttorgur'ton Hocllon, tho wonlthy
rolildontlnl pari, of Uorlln, fi.2 per cont
Infants dlod nn against 42 por cont .'n
^—Rovertvi-and^its-^Resultanti^Evils	
LONDON, "Apr|l,tl3.—Pitiful .stories
of child life in the^ slums, of "London
are,told in the. annual report of the
London County Council, just1 issued.
.Describing conditions ' iri', one typical
district, that of Edinburgh road,, tbe
medical officer'of health says: . .
-.'The great amount of anaemia anil
malnutrition among.these children is
attributable to poverty with'its, resultant evils of? dirt,^ underfeeding and7
female labor. Th©- main articles of
diet are indifferent bread and .butter,
thefageiids of coarse, meat, tho outside leaves of green vegetables and an
occasional pennyworth of. fish and potatoes, '.•■-' 1'
"Approximately -one-third, of -the
chlldron In .this -neighborhood are supported by-female labor.owjng to the
Inability of tho mon to.got work. Tho
girls are,,required• to'work far beyond
tholr strength at domestic drudgery,
while tho boys hang around public
houses and the gns works', picking up
scraps of (food, or cbpporB from tho
workmen. It is not uncommon to find
girls of 10 years of ago doing a hard
day's work outside school hours,"   :'
. ? ■ ■"■ . /. ? .*■.-. .-.-?-. ?-?-; -.-.-V.'.'?■
80CIALI8T3  OP ANGLICAN
CHURCH
LONDON, April IC—A romarkablo
Bcono was enacted In the strootsof
London at midnight, whon a procession'of flvo hundred Anglican Chu-ch
SocInllslB, bonded by George Ltiun-
bury, M. P., bearing n cross: Rov. Con-
rnd Noel, In cassock and blretta, and
lho Countess of "Warwick, walked from
WostmlnBtor to tho ArchblBliop'H palace at Lambeth, to lay boforo his
Graco a momorlitl oxprcssing nstonUli-
mont and dismay that tho bishops of
tho English Church lind failed.. 10
frankly espouse tho causa of the workers In tho recent Industrial trouble,
Tho Archbishop of Canterbury wan
nwny, but his chaplnln accepted tho
memorial,
POLL TAX A RELIC OF BAROARISM
Poll t«ic« have lH<-n handed down
to u* from tho feudal age* when the
common pooplA vcero clantod •• property to b« laxod llko gheen or cnttlo,
by tho bead.
Originally If was n porfei'tly Juat lax
because it waa lavied on the feudal
lord and paid by Mm according to tbo
ntlon to tlio conditions existing In the
;...,._._i ,.„«:_,,    i .,u- .u..ii..i mm uu'ji»vfi |\vctiaing, tuo proletarian quarter of tno
:i jirlv.lr;,'.* fniifci-jv./J on 3'lw bj* Jaw  ^Uj,"
nnd lie paid into llio public treasury
COAL 18 CHEAPER
LONDON, April 14.—Tho prlco was
reduced $2.40 a Ion on tho' London
coul oxohnnga yesterday, bringing ih'o
best coal down to 34s, (.8.10) a tou.
Thia Ib tho largest cut In prlco ovor
m'onlort at one time. .
'"   •■        ."     A   --" '<*■ " -'"•'      ...     :    .'    ■
"Only, when labor fiddles "can cap!
tallsts dance."      ■"       7 y ".A- "* 5it'"
.    -*.- .->;.' *-,•,- •   •'  •,!-/.. {^yyi^y
0\er five million wage'vii-inrs it
Germany.earn less'than $5 per week. k'
,«*»,»   .*"" ■.   '"'■*',
Seven million, five, hundred ' thou-'
sand dollars;were paid-out in strike V
pay ln Groat Britain.1 •'..-, .  -
-.,  • •*'    "" "•■ *' ■'•:'. ".■'■A;'
* Spokane, Wash., union (t^en  , will r-
build, a $100,000 labor temple.    Tbo
fund already amounts to ?40,000."
,.  '*'.•"•"' ■ V, ■  ■■'.
Throe.cheers for the organized wage.
workSrs of British 'ColumbiaI..• „ Thoy
elected two Socialist miners to Parliament and are now tho onlyopposltion
parly ln said   legislative   body.—Si.**
Lm :«,Labor.   ',''.•'    '
*••,*. .,
' Cranbrook, 13, C„ unionists buvo ot-
goiil.od a-Trades'and Labor-Council ,
in which tho typos aii.l railway men ,
tool: nn active part. "The rotull clorK-
havo also organized a local, and the
teamsters nro lining up for,similar no ,
tlon.
• - * ■ •
Tho strlko on the O. N. 11. in B, C.
Is showing signs of spreading over tho
Rocklos -1. W. W, organizers aro on
their way,' according to pross reports,
to tho scone of'tho G. T. P. construction on tho prairies, and thb probability Is that thnt system will be tied
up throughout Its entire length.
'»■•••
Seven yenrs ngo tho trades unionists of Toronto' entered , tholr labor
tomplo. Thoy pnld $30,000 for tho.
building und alto and about $8,000 In
Improvements, Thoy tnvostod $11","
001 in the proporty arid today they
have a proporty worth $05,000 olid n;
total IndobtodnosB of Iobb than $1,01)0.
QliU linn boon accomplished by 1R00
shareholders whoso shares nro worth
tluoo times-ns much today a<i thoy
woro sevoti yenra ago, "
SM/ohb Cure
QUIOKLY STOPS C0U0H8, CtJUCO COLDS,
HEALS THC THROAT AND IUHQ8. 35 CENTS
ssssssts
"..M",/-"^,'
Tt
tho nmnnnt  that  tho  privilege was
thought to bo worth,
If the slnve owners boforo tho Civil
for each slnvo It would have boon nn
exactly-slmllor tax, |,
II11O In tho course of tlmo, tho lordB
mnnngod to shift tho tax on to Iho common pooplo, so that each man had to
pay his own head Int.
Thon Ihe original good reason for
tbo tnx conned to o\lnt, nnd It became
n tnout unjust ami senseless burden.
Tho lord was paying for a legal prlvl*
lego. Tho poor man who paya hla
poll tax doc» not enjoy any legit prlvl-
Iwre.
For thnao roanona, f»#«rl,r all" tho
clv!1Iz4.tl nations of tbe earth
nbolfahod poll tnxoa.
Tbe only prominent nation* that at 111
levy poll ta*oa are Russia, Turtwy,
SEVERAL IdlLLION YEARS
BEFORE THI8 CLA8H COMBS
PASADENA, CM.. April 17.—Dis-'
quieting reports from eastorn scion11-
fie centres to tho effect thnt tho earth
was plunging.nt a terrific rate towards
tho cluster of Hercules, whoso twolvo
aims -would burn It to a cinder, failed
to create consternation among Uio
Hctentlsts ln thb Mount Wlhon Observatory.
Residents or Pacsadcna were given
yesterday tho roaturrlng Information
by. Profeswr W. s. Adams that, while
It was true that the earth was racing
toward the fiery suna at tho rato of 6C0
havo tnllei ft minute, U would require iwc-
n»l million yenrs to reach the diisler
and evon the courso ot the earth might
be,changed txfore th* eo.1ft.on.
BANK OF HAMILTfN
m
> - iff «?«.t;j.
*Sio53S^^ai
iu* oiiii*
HAMILTON
CAVITAt. ^All. \jV„. ,* ,_l>/l.,lil.l.
Reserve and Undivided Profits ...... "1,1.00,000
Total Anseta......,...,.,......,,,,,,,.,,,„, 44,000,ooo
1 It Is not in Ita power'to purchase that tho
greatest vnluo qt monoy Ilea, -Tho fooling'
of Independence, and of socurlty against tho
offects of adverse fortune that a reserve fund
gives you, Is Infinitely more'natlnfylng than
the passing gratification which you would
obtain by spending It, t
Small amounts—-which you 'will hardly
fflUa—dep-oalted regularly, will gradually, but
surety accumulate to a sum large enough to
fnaure atalnai tbs effects of business reverses or lots ot cmploymenL
J. R. Sloan, AK*n«
i.iwwi^_ta^w^^<^^)aJ1f,MMM *~-yy%y
x-     *■        --  -  —-~ 1 I ill! I niii.1
J.
\l
t M_ll>. tt-l IU""
MMaaaMMIgIKHMaMHIiglHHaHaflaiililHjM^K - -Til.,, e»-" > 't-W.
--^w
fi|.A_AFreiicH'
,.-,>-.-   wis"*-.-      -,..*"i\   -   -J-'V', '; -.   .
yMILipNNAIRES. feTj PAUVRES*
.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of-
,• Food and every :A7
\y ', 7 attentiony..-£.]
raOSy¥uNCANJVpassbuP^
W. U.Mun -V;.Propf
SHERIDp LIVERY
^y^'Eiko^Bitr'-?'-?
■s - ^;s ..i. .am ^continuing -, my > late. husband's business, I would ask for tho
continued patronage of all old custom
ers," arid rewctfully BollcIt the "trade
?c_ all."     7    7 .     '
' •».-> ' .-. . ..,■•>«,., -.-„-v.,.;,<v ^ ,k ,, ..,
Best of Bigs and Horses
' y '' ' Phone No. 19, '    '
MRS." A. SHERIDAN
t-e.s' MH (fdnpalre^
;-dent.|es .8||p,; c^de^.tfRIe^ssse' Na-'
itionale—Pour^evIter'.d^S_irj_pai_tM
^-nemejjt-yen-Ve^^au^yus^Vt^"5**"
..;*-v..;>-■>"«.^,,;^k.^,A-;,-\^oy^<, r.- r
y^^^^-^r^^^^^^^^
P^^de^
quieme*ae;la^ricb*esse]de:la\na_ibn?70_-,
°*f 1r™M"ipn'^grave,*-.Jeff* Davis;, do. l'Ar-
kansas, "dans*_ un.' memorable * disco u r_,
p ond nee. On' Janvier"; dernier,; au senat'
de ^ashtngtqi.;*^ mul-'
ti"'™l....°?''"*^
en^sser.autantide millions..? A _" 7
A En}ieur"" ajoutant;'4000.- autres b'etits
mlWorinaires. iiqus yoyons que ces rois
de Ja finance, 'detlennent.-a.eux seuls,
S«'p6ur;cent7de.1arich^sse national.
Cel]e-'cl;'est','«.stl_n"eea7'un peu plus dt
jioc.ooo.oop.oooiy ■■'-, '■••.■;„"' '
."" >''P?«t-.Hietre^_.qateuu',"*'."demande   Jo
senateul* de ^Arkansas que John   D.
Rockefeller," qui,?est a la tete de la
JfsUr.'des 51 multf-mlllionnaires, *   ait
fhit;' ses mo ."millions -honn.»tement:
Peut-11 et:o soutenuque n lruporte quel
autre, aktjapne, ses mlllior.Aen sul-
v.\nt;un .'tcmln "droit?*  -.Tr*. dis'noii
f.'os* ni.i-t nris de la finance ae sont ej:
richls par'cp.que'la'l'ol lour a don'ne
l'avantage de .voler legalement, a vantage dont lis "cm. proflte au-detriment
de, l'homme pauv're."' y
^Nousie suivroh'spas'le senateur de
I'Arkansas dans toutes,ses-recherchej.
ef'ses deductions,',car/'ia chose' dopr-s-
seraltL,envergure..d,uri article de jou.*-
na]y, .Mats avec lui, nous' ie pouvo.is.
tci tefois no'us't'einpeche'r d'.^tr) s. ryrjg
a'..la'.vvue: desyfoftunes'-coilossales >de
certains Indivldus.., y • • ■    ■
■ '-Eat-il-possible,';qiie les nilliionnaires
v'enus aux jpays* aussi pauvres que Job,
alent.pu s'eriricliir aussi vite,- en sul'
vent une iyoie.honnet'e?     Quant  a
ceux dont la fortune est'iin peu plus
vieielle, pouvent-ils egalement l'appuy.
er sur l'hommetete? '. -Se peut-il. que
dans;un; pays erico)re,al je'uneK"des per-
sonnes aient pu^a'ccumuler au'tant de
millions, sans Jamais-fabre de flagran'
tes injustices- a'-'JeurB,'semtl.labl*es?;..II
est, pbur'le mpiis/permls d'en douter,
I' y.a.tarit?de moyen's", aujourd'htii,Ldo
s'enriphir'legalement,'mais'qui, tout de
meme, sbrit" malhorinetes!     Ceux qui
s^en sqrvent sont tres noinbreux. Chez
les' rois' deyla'financevfc'est un sport
dont la sal.e.'de-jeuest" la Bourse. La
lis"jouent. au plusfmalin."?" Les actions
montent et'descehdeiit'aleurgre, sul.
vant leurs'besoins,partic'uliers et leurs
^e'sseiris* blen1'arretes, -,'Que de mo?
destes fortunes?-changent ..alors  *de
p^J?e!:./ • '   Jandts* Que l'on volt les
boursicofiers meitre-un nouveau ru-
ban^d,arg€nt-a^I#urrcpuvre^ch^fn'o.r
THB7pKiraiCT: LJ3DGER, FERNIE, !
traire a ces regies? •^"^A;"'-A. \"''.
"Indigne est celui,qui n'estpasassez
instruit car. il/ rie v_?eut-. ensejgne'r.! aux
autres mais .plus 'indigne encoire .est
celui qui doit'dirlger le'peupie daris.les
lois de la •■"«■*« '-^ -•?-■•!-•:—-ai.'.»-!'--. ■'
B;C» APRIL 20, 1912.,
yertu et.vlt lui^meinb .dans Ja
crapule?--.-"" ??*' * '»",.--,.. *=.--7-?'4'.*.. '"*
,"'11 vaut roieux qii'il^y1 alt' manque
de pretres que.'d'eiLgyiair quipar leur,
perversite c^rrom'pVrit:rie"'peuple chet-
ieri et lui communiqueiit'',la',ipeste de
leurs vices":" '-Av'vA-Ayy 7 ' '.'
■  II n'y va pas par qiiatre'jehemins l'ln-
faillib'e quand il s'y0met;A. si'"nous'cu
a\.:ons dit lequart/qu'elbeau'tumu'-te
il y aurait dans les"gazettes\de la fci;
' Au surplus il n'yT* qu'a?'approuvor la
campagne. d'assainissehieut ;eritreprlse
Par le,'valeureu"__ .p'oritife."- AMais'-ce
n'est pas sans melaricolie]' qu'on en constate la.necesslte.',.' La,.morale"chre-
ttenne dont nous preche,'avec_tant d'im-
perleuse* emphase, la'., superlorlte' es't
done lamentableraerit Inapte; a preserver des pires defaillances;s'es adeptes
asHrmentes" elle leur est-dont un sou.'
tlen "blen precaire puisqu*.."faut lea
:'a]>peler au blen avec tarifd'energia?
■Alors pbudquol veut-on que les libr*-
penseurs la , preferent ,a celle7de la
bonne conscience qui leur permet.de
vlvre en" toute dlgnlte?   .',-.  A   ■
$3.5(t7 RECIPEAFREEj
For Weak Men v^^
^ and Addfass Today
You Can Have it Free-and?
y Strang and. Vigorous
I, have In my possession" a prescription
for nervous debility,""lack"of"vlg-.-ir:-
weakened manhood, railing memory
and lame bac__,_bro.i_.h_ on by excesses, unnatural drains,- or, the follies of
youth, that-has curfed'so many .-worn-
and, nervous men- right in tlieir own
homes—without any'additional heln oi\
medicine—that I' think ..vory Mar. who
wishes to regain his manly power rod
Jiriiity,. quickly and quietly, should
have._v copy.' . So I have determined to
Sf,3^a c,qp>'*v, ?° l httve determined to
••ri1^"3'-in- a- pla!n' ordinary sealed envelope to any man who will Write me- for
Dans-la vlllede Cleveland, Ohio, en
1909 11 y eut 1230 divorces, en 1910 il
y en eut 1542 et en 'l911 le nombre
monfa a 1664. Et tout.cela.sou*' le
beauy'egime- d'exploitation.et d'lmmo/-
alite' defendu par les journaux catho-
llques. -.      ■.".,-,''   •:■
. This presoriiJtion comes from a physician who has made a special studv of
men and I.am convinced It Is tlfo ?ur-
ost-actinB combination for tho euro of
deficient manhood and vigor failure
ever put together. ""mro
_.__3._-ith_.'ink l owe it.t0 my fellow man to
send them a copy.In confidence ao that'
any man anywhere who is weak and
discouraged    with    repeated    failures
ri?y™t?.p„?ruB_5llin? ,l,mM" wlth » "•«*
ru    patent   medicines,   secure   what  I
believe   s the quickest-acting lestora-
tlve, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCHING  [e-
medy over devised, and so cure himself
at home quietly and quickly.   Just drop
me a Hne.llko this:   Dr.-.A. R-Robin
IZ 19°XiTlUck Bulldi"e. Detroit, .Mich.:
i 'i.,wlil  selldl you  a copy  of   this
tS Sn«Wfrreclp,e '? ap,a,n; ordin^y envelope , free of charge... A great inanv
this
en-
doctbri would chai-gT'?3.0*0 I^M.'-O.^rnr
aS0lC1,VrT,tlnaf^?t a .prescription ■ like
this—but I send-it entirely free. -    ■
|■'-.■■ ■ y y"
j Fernie. Dairy
i
FKESH MILK
dolivorod to all
parts of the town
!
8andore'A Verhneat Brothers,
Proprietors   '
i
Livery, Feed
and Sals Stables
Plrat claaa Horaetfor Sale.
Buye Horaea on Comrnl.lon
George Barton    Phone 78
apercoit-Ia,mlsere,,entr4r-,dans'de nou
veaux foyers. "''G'eSf-par les jeux de
la, Borse, que l'on se,_debarrasse?' des
petitis acticnnalres-d'une compagnle,
p\i des/competitors.-molns "fortunes.'
Les/moyens employe's' peuvent etre
leg^ux, mais II n'en restent'pas molns
•vicleus' et; malhonnetes,' parce "qu'ils
sorvent.a iwpetrer desvols.eta re-'
pan4re lajmlsere, ..,,...
N'est-co pas un danger, tres grand
pour lo pays lul'meme, que devoir les
87 pour cenlide'sa rlcbesse eritreles
mai^iB d'envlron'4000 hommos?'- Com-
blori d'exactions-n'ont-ils pasducom-
mettre.pour.-docrochor cetto puissance? ;, Comblen do victlmes n'ont-Ils
pas du otendrejiir leurchoraln? -   •
Ces milllonnalres ne sont-IIs pas res-
ponsablos do In chorte de la vie? lis
no veulent plus se contentor d'un profit ralsonnablo, ll lour faut dos piastres piein los automobiles. ' Lours
plalslrs augmenten't a mosuro que la
mlsoro publlque descend plus has.
Il.ost evident qu'nvoe un parol] systems nous nous RchominoiiB lento-
mont; mals suromont, vers quolquo revolution sociale. a.e petit et'lo pnuv-
ro souffront Iongtemps,snns mot dlro,
mals quand la'falm ot hi mlsero vien-
nont loo tlrnlllpr,'nlor, Us no. volant
plus rlon, lis n'enlondont plus aucun
coiisoll do modorntlon. Los passions
Bonlos B'empRront do lour gouveninll
mental, SI blen, quo dovant oux rlon
no trouve grace.' Tomoln los nffrous-
os revolutions qui oht onsnnglanto les
vloux pays europoens; tomoln les grov.
os frequoiitos dos ouvriers en Anglo-
torro; temoln, oncore, les grevos qui
bo font do plus en plus iiombrouses on
Amorlquoi tomoln, oiirin, la grevo r&
conte do LawionCo.
C'eat rotornello guerre ontro Io tra-
vnll ot lo cnpital. guorro qui pout,
helnsl dovenlr blen terrlblo aux Etats-
UiiIb, si io gouvofaomont ne s'en mo.o
nu plus tot.   ' -
Nous noiilinltons doc, tres nrdonv
ment, quo, gulden par un esprit do Jus-
flee; nos loglslateurs roformont les lots
et en croont do nouvolloB, do facon a
protoKor lo pauvro contro toute exploitation do sob dcrnlors'ot do son travail.
-Du "Courrler" do Salem.    .
y.y: Policy y
7  KAPITALISTYCZNE METODY
' *, .WALKI ' -   '    y
yv. walce" pomledzy kapltali'stami a
robotnikami, ktora z- kazdym dnlem
niemal .coraz bardllej'sie' rozszerza i
zaostrza, pozycye ; walczacych , stron
zinieniaja sie bardzo szybko.' Przed
nieadwnvm ■ jeszcze czaseni przeciwi-
enstw'a. ujawnlaly. sto'" w przemijaj'ac-
ych 1 nieprzygotowanych konfliktach.
Ws*-*-; razle'-.'niezadowolenia . wybuchl
s.tralk, a ^obotnlcy," wiecej lub mniej
przygotowarii,, znajdowalt sie.' wobec
przeclwnlka; ktbry row niez.'nie zaw-
sze byl odpowlednld przygotowany.. "
l . Roznice. miedzy^ 'walczacymi wyrow-
nywaly sie W.miare trwania, strajku 1
po .ego skonczenlu powstale .organiza-
cye napo'wrot siefrozwiazj-waly.
W OBtatnim czasie'. ednak walkle 1
przeciwlenstwa prableraja zupelnie od-
mlenna' postac, a wayczace stroriy-sla-
ja przedlnnyml Jiiz, niz dawnlej, zad-
aniami. . Organizac'ye zawodowe. staly
sie potezne zyskaly bgromne doswiad-
czenie, I gdiy "dzis przychodzi de walkl,
odrazu_Doi*USZ_infi-7nQtn .a_?ma_.r___t_'«_-
*wj,-atyic
zagrazaja juz ka'pitallsto'm ,,w tej rnler-
ze, jak tegonlgdy."dawnlej-nie'bylo.
Wskutel tego kapitalisci widziell .sie
znwszenl do ^organ'lzowanla sie prze-
clw robotnlicon.,; Dla organizacy zaw?
odowej'.wazilym "Jest, .by poznaa-ine.'
tody; wedle kt'ory'ch kapltal>le organ-
Izii.'o ) 'przeprqwadza swe akcye. ' '""• '
'; Vlclawno ukazala ,-sie   w- P3'*y.:b
k-sinzka   nlejakiego" Bcsancona   pod
choraktorvstycznym - .tytulqjii: "^Organ-,.
izacya obrony przedsicbiorcow," ktora
na nowoczesne \yalkt kapltalistow rzu-
capewno^ swlatlo.     Besancon,    byly
przedsleblorca, ktory swojogo czasu i
cala criergla zwnlcz8il-'"ust'awo"o(:hroji>
nn dlav robotnlkow pra.i)_,iacvcNn przy
M'zwabinnlu olowlu, a obociiio' s'oUiVw
tarz, francuskiego   Zwlazku ' przomy.
slowcow I kupcow, zajmujo.wplywowo
sta n'owlsko I mozo o nlejodnej tajom-
nicy przedslebiorcow dac powm.- wla-'
domoscl. 4 Wodlug niego przodslobi^
cy wobec orgnnlzacyl robotnlkow mo»
ga zujmowac tylko dwa stnnowwlska:
nlbo dooyduja slo na pertrnktacyo   z
mezaml zaufanln robotnlkow I w ton
Rpofiob -uznajac rownouprawnlonlo ro-
botnlkow przy ufltanawlnnlii   wnrun.
kow pracy, zawiornja z orgnnlzncya robotnlkow umowo zblorowa, ktorn na
powlon czas zapownla Im spokoj    w
przedsloblorstwlo, a ewontuianlo hon.
flllity oddnjo pod rozslrzygnlocl'. bii.
dom rozjomczym czy polubowym I pr*
f!0z to chronla slo przod strnjltlom—
nlbo mussia odrzu'olo,  wszelka   drogo
porozumlownnla slo I zdocydowao slo
na walko. W rzoczywlBtoscI Jest bard-
ze wlolii przedslebiorcow .ktorzy tol
to czynla I nlo chen uznao, w robotnl-
knch I loh organlznoynch rownorznd-
nogo   ozynnlka.   wolnont   rozpocznc
ny oltret do stalege przewozenia 1am-
istrajkow z mle sca.na miejsce.   Dzis
jest to Jul naukowa-, fnetoda ' lamania I
strajkow.     W AustryAi w Niemczech
metoda ta zyskuje" coraz wiekszouz-"
nanie i przedslebiorcy posuwaja sie do
tego,.ze nie lic_;ac'na policye'i wojsko
utrzymuja wlasne zbronje'' bandy dla
strzezenia ' la mistrajkow. ■ ^ To znaj-
duje juz'za stosowanie w Ariglii I Stan-
ach Zjednoczonych.      --,    *
,   Ob'ok tego w calej pelni "stosuje sie
barbarzynslla metode lokautow i ma-
sowych wydalei ktore z kazdym dniem
zostaja u lepszone.    w Niemczech np;
w ostatnich'czasach'zaczeto stoso'wac
t. zw.Iokauty alfabetyczne, polegajace
naitem, ze ^-ydala sie z pracy robotnlkow, ktorych'-nazwiska zaczynaja sie
na pewne Htery.j   Wszystkle te-naz-
wiskaza,pomoca czarnych Hst.zosta,
ja rozpowszeebnione j dochodzi do .tego, ze gdy nazwisko zaczyna si np?na
lltere ,G.,'odnosny*robotnik..\r calych
Niemczech' nie zna' dzie'pracy!   Procz
tego wldzimy? jak biura posrednctwa
Pr.acy..coraz b'ardzlej zamienlaja lie na
za* kla'djr- werbujace ..zoltyc'h." '   Za-
klacjaja "one^osobne katastry robotnl,
kow,-ktorzy godza'sie na. ^pelnianle-
przykrej -roll lamistrai kow. —_,i tak
aamO_lblurn JS-jHnm hn rp-ii _nno t a J « _ *.. i,
Italian
;,   ,   CRONACHETTA OPERAIA
■t   ,•-'..   ", , -•   "
"-Per la prima volta dopo'W anni/le
acciaieriadi Pittsburg, Pa.,.Javorano'a
completa capacita., ,   .:-    ' • ..
*,! ',*{;'- -. ,      ,»*»■,, .
.."Si_ha.dk Scranton, Pa., che il con-
nazionale Otto Reggi e rimasto ucciso
nella miniera oi Pine Brook , ~   -
..-.v-:-yr,;.''       ^^ »   ._   -•       " *■" .
Dopo tre mesi S'lna'ttlvita,'la "Luck-
now Iron. Work" di Pine Forge, presso
Pottstown;,Pav ha*ripreso i'lavorl.  *
".Gicc'a 200V'oji)erai addetti alia fabbrlca
zione. delle-'calzature a Lynn, Mass.,
hanno ,'pttenuto un aumento di paga.""
..,-■'•.--",*   "   *
.  El coiiiinc'iato a New York un attivo
movimento,"per?fare ,un'a federazio'ne.
delle union! della grande Metropoli e
dintornl. (       -*• ■ ' -
."', A"      ''•.••     '  ;   ' "'-•
E'.terminate a Des Moines, Iowa, lo
sciopero dei 900 falegnaml, essendo
sthto concesso loro dai con'trattorl un
aumento di 5 "soldi all'ora.
I pittori, 1 decorator!, I falegnaml e
gliscalpellini 'del Now England si sono
messiln sciopero per ottenere un aumento dl salario.
• '        *' *   » -  '
Elson D. Clark, "boss" nella miniera
"Portland" 'dl Victor, Colo, martedl
resto ucciso nella miniera stessa' dall'-,
urto.dell'ascenspre, che gll fratturo'il'
cranio. -* •
PAGE NINE
Htm BLOOD
PIMPI irfXS, ^TKHP1" GLANDS,   BLOTCHES,
.? y^M?JfS, AND ALL SKIN AND BLOOD DISEASES .
AREiu^JI2SStX' CURED ^BY THE   '       :
../A NEW METHOD TREATMENT
E' scoppiata _ la polveriera situata
nei dintornl di Lo^ellvilie, Ohio, e due
operal r'estarono.uccisi ed uno grave-
,menteN ferito, Quesfnltiind venne"
trasportato'? all'ospedaie di Youngs-
town..   , . , -
' Nel dlstretto della Westfalia, Germania,' e scoppiato lo scjbpero dei min-
taoi-1. , La situazione e gravissima, ed
il Governo; temendo qualche dlsordine
hainviato sul lubgo tre'regglmentl'di
fanterla,' quattro' squadron! di caval-
lerla,ed una batteria di cannoni.
Nelle" mlniere di Moreland, lilack-
cook e Ighwater, Stato di Utah, i lavorl
.vanno assaimaie ed i minatori Itallar.I
fnrannp.bene.a starvl"lontanl, sc non
voglloiip conoscere le funeste consegu-
enze della disoccupazlone.
--,.--      - *'?A !*• • *' *,      <*    „ ■■'.
SI ha da .Chicago-che i 400 capista--
zione e tel'egrafisti della-fcrrovia "Chi-
cago^ahd Great "S-Vestern" hanno' chies-
to un. aumento, di salario del 10 per
cento,' con "minaccia di sciopero generale se.'hon.yieiie'loro accordatb.77,
"A'-vS.wi^rS^06*11 (^° "Wentlon'of tvll'thow
?nr» fSS'.iIc,hod Trf»«n>eat as a guaranteed
Sf25ihc^cwn»J_nln.t8-' There ia no ex-
cuse lor any person having a disOgurcil faco
^hSXSSSft^** Notches. Tlo niittS
S.™iJ.?r ber«litary or acqiUrcd, our specifio
"""^'Mand treatment neutralize, all pol-
^?,„n'.thAbloo<J.ai»<1 exptl.them from ithe
, b. stem.  Our -rost eipenence ia tho treat-
incnt of thousands ot the most serious and '
-I^iSP ..a_ted_cascs enables us lo perfect, a
"*^Iith,0»texperimenting. WedoBusineS
on the plan-P«..Oalr.for A, Benefit Yoa
-S,1.?^'!-" J'0,ui>.aveanyl._ood'dl_eas<!, con-
vn.hm^ree1f,a",T«e an*'let us Prova to
lr?ih."i,lrtiuickly our remedies wiir remove'
nf S.i t?ces.°.f d.!sease-   Under the Influence
S„™l! ??iew Me^od Treatment the skin bo-
hVS™cleair' ul.ell**- P'mples and blotches
™f fcp,* enlarged glands arp reduced, fallen
■'hrh-hf 'f gff."?*s in ^aiu: the eyM become
\ jctlm realizes a new life Lai opened up to
YOU CAN ARRANGE TO PAY AFTER
;-*:*...- YOU AR? CURED
CONSULTATION FREE
Send for Booklet on Diiemet of Men
"THE GOLDEN MONITOR" FREE
If unable to c.11, write for a Que.Uon lilt'
^^ for Home Treatment
Dr. KENNOIY&KENNEDY
Cor. Michigan Ave. and Griswold St,   Detroit, Mich.    *
^■BT^NOTIOE! ? *' i111 lettS,rs fr?m Canada must be addressed'
'i^^-F- '       ^**      t0 our. Canadian Correspondence Depart-
^^'EJrEir-^r*^%Fss?svmi
The HOM£^g
o/"CANADA-
The Safest '
Way to Send
Money
• •».
WO  VBARS'
'8XrCff|CN0C
WEHtS
fi*$eriMr*t mat
■nether an
tiomrtf IfiMffaiai „ „_„„„.
Keep on Advertising
LA CORRUPTION DU CLRROE
Lo vloux Plo X out torrlblo loraqu'll
ao mot n (1nr«mrn«t(,>. n..., «...   ,i
II noim on nrtnr«n Ao v.oll<t lo -.'p.i.;
Pontlfo mir loo moourn fl*>n protvoa nu
Vcniiiojn. Auw.1 II ailroMo a l'arclio-
v«qjio do Cavncnii cor dotnllB roriHtom.
nnt»: •
"M n'r rtnn ^tnnnnnt nim inn ™/,^,,,.,.
<lu fwssont, soloiu tnauvftUoB si |n
tnajouro partie du clorgo cat corrom-
Noun Bitvong qu'll y a mi cortnln
nombro do borm protren main II y n
miiil un grand nombro d'occlenlnnf..
«J«c» Qui vlv<*nt, do t«)|« nono qu'Ha
n'obierant nuciino mrIo uncerdolnlo,
"Commtnt la fouln ive-iit-^tln >wlVr-
«-r lei bleng Immortoli aux bfeii*. ter-
wiitrt.* comment peut-on ^bionlr quo
lo pt'uplo'iio llvro a la Vf»'rtu quo ta
chnrlio rrntorndllo aolt obaervoo low-
quo lea cli«fa qui dolvent oshortor a
ttU UitufaiU une vlo Nhnolnrofnt con-
walko, nrilzoll pwoz portrnkinoyo ."
limowy woJbo w porozumlonl z przo-
clwnlklom ktory Ich wladey rokraRlll'
by powno izrankl. * To orj.anii.aoyo
prwiUloblorcow nloatrudzoiio aa Mu
w wygzuldwonlu cornz to no wych
droR I Bposobow, by pokonao robotnl-
kow~wB»yBtko jodno I brutnlna Blla
lub cliytrym podHtopom.
Amorykntflo I Anglloy by li ploVwaz-
yml, ktorzy syBtomatyoznlo xafltoBown.
II tizywnnlo InmlBtraJkow, Tak Jnk
buduja tnmy din lamnma fnl moraklch
nhca po Btnwlc prsionzkoily, o ktoro ro«-
bllnby nlo Icaedn walkn rnrobkowii ro-
botnlkow. Tn motoda JoBt dels nnj-
bnnhloj rozpoWBzoclmlona. Btv.or.io.
no caly Byatom tloatarcjia nln'InmlR.
tc.nhow, utwornono osobno do t<i(to co-
Hi Uun. I •»A_if__Mtt)4.l htova kiizdoj
cJiwlli ffotowo «a (lostarczyc ..chottiy-
oh -.opracy," ktorjy pod oaJona jwllcyl
l»i> wojBhn, nplao I Jotlzno w fnbryco,
prnenja, by stinmac opor «w«cl wwpol.
•'>■"•****.«■.. \s AriRDi Btyivurnys-
wnlo, w'ytworcow bron zakupllo ohoIi-
* '  y i"
How'8 this?
r»J!l^_ff'_l!?H"l,,Wr*"' n""""» n*«'»r-> tnr nny
ciurrJ. Vm,   .    l M,'"u-t "" cur"*1 x,f litHt
V," J. CHENUV « CO., ToWo, 0.
Mrt Hs/Jiiiifftil  2 'JLtottomt tran«m.tiun_
nat, iuj.1. op coiisn:nrn.
,.,,'. *    ToUd», UbU..
$£S®mmV&&m
T«_» imi'i Uttiir tm r« «w»tipitto„.
Ich.nazwisk okolo '200,000.''-??
Wazna-role odgrj'wa rownie"w walce fecbrganijiacya robotnl cza ubezple-
c.zenle'przeds_ebioreov.- na* czas strajku
"Zastosunkowo niewielka wkladko pr-
zedsle blorca zapewnla sobie w czasie.
strajku 'kapomogo,' ktora 'pozwal niii
n^,dl-uzazo'*przetrzymtiiile Btra'jku.* Po-
dobnlo/jak nn-t_wypadok strajku; Is-,
tniejo ubezpieczcrile od'lrinych szkod
poptalych przez s\rajk.,-'We.Francyl
Isthle 'jo* tak'l-'ziikljid ubozpleczenlowy
w ktoryra ubozpleconla dochodz kwoty
dweich" -mlllardow frank'ow Dalszym
arodklem' przoclwko strajk'om sa t, zw.
klauzul<j ,strajko\ve, ,wedle ktorycli
kazdy Btrnjk u'wnznny jest za wyzszii
silo (vis major)," wobeo ktoroj przedsleblorca nlo jost obowlnzany do do-
trzymanla terminu dostaw.
Pan Besancon w kslazce swo przy-
tacza caly szorog szczogulow motod
stoswanych przcz przed slobtorcow w
wnlco z robotnlka ml, przytacza statu,
ty orRanlzacyi przodsioblorcow t po-
knzujo zo w prnwlo wszystklch pnlczl
przemyslu srodkl (c dzis 8a uzywnuo.
Kohcontracyn przomyBlu" 1 ban dlu
w olbrzymlcli przodBloblorBtwuch I
domaqli liandlowych pro wndzonlo to-
BO rodzaju wnlkl przodBloblorcom
ogi'omnlo ulatwln, Itobotnlcy powln-
nl wloc llczyc bIo z torn stnnom rzoczy
rozumloc. zo dzlB prowndzonlo wnllt
boz porownnnl.. trudnlo bzo Jost nnlzo-
11 w poczntkacli, No wonzoBiia walka
klaBowa robotnlkow przoclwko brutal*
n*mu kapltnllzmowl, 'rozporziidznjac-
ym • oRromnoml Biodknml, wyninga
dzis dobrcgo | molodyczncgo prz «oto-
wnnla. • PrzodowszyHtklom nlo mozna
eapomlnnc, zo (TkIh wazysey knpltnlls-
cl _-lacM.nl sa w Bwych (runtacli 1 knr-
tolach I poBlndnja przoclwko nam tak
potoznn bron, zo kazdy krok e nn»zoj
fltrony huibI bye doklndnt przotnyslony
I obllczony. "Onwny bpoboI) walkl I
prowadzonla strajkow nlczorKanlzown-
nych ilzln JoBt juz nlomozllwy I tylko
potozna orgnnlzacya przomyBlotva mozo Bio zwyclosko oBtno woboo roanncoj
potoHl przodBloblorcow.
./'^BcplJ^lato.a (3rays .Harbor, Wash,,
lo "sciopero'degli operal addetti" Mle
segherle.dl, quella,bbrgata. . I dlsordlni fra scloperanti; e crumlrl sono .frequent! ed H.Governatore pare che sla
pronto- a*aD lnylare tre compagnle dl
soldatl'suiyubgo-per rnantenervl l'or-
dlne.yy/j?^r A .■"""''. . ••' ** ;
;,';' i'.y     a   •♦,_.»'    '.  ;   .
Ancho, a^Nqw York e scoppiato fo
sciopero def'tcBsttorl.' I quail clile'dbno
"".au,men.t0,di J,a8n in I'aglone del 1C
pef'c'eht^-H'it.'sr.' oi)lnlone- gelieralo" cho-
questo sciopero durera poco, polcho I
padrontidelle.filande mostrano un con-
tegno assnl con'clliatlvo o pare cho Bin-
nq.dlspostl n,vonlre.-adMm amlchevolo
nccordo,    , ' '   , • • *
'. *' y     * * *   , .
In caii'sa, dl una enduta, II ventlcln-
quonfto nafl'nelo Porogllo, Implogato
nella mlnlora di Plodnioiil, vldno a'
Trinidad, Colo,, ando a sbaltoro contro
im fllo olottrlco, reslundo fiilinlnnto?
sul colpo. ' II suo compngiiQ dl lavoro
Jolin Dobbin accorse in buo nlutoj ma
rlcoVotlo una bcohsii tale, da iicrdoro.
I boiih'1. ISffll versa In gruvl condizl-
onl.
A .. When y°n .^ve to*send money- through' the '
mail to pay "for mailk orders, or for; aijy other pur- ' •:
.   . pose, take but a Home Bank^ money order. -They'.
■ cost only a few cents; may bo obtained ,at any •'/
office of the Home Bank, aiid are quickly; made'''■''
.  ,.," ,    out.   It is not necessary- to register a money order.'   -?
' It is made payable to the person, or firm, you ' -
;    direct,:and they have only to endorse it on the   /
y     .   back, to make it as good as tbe actual money    *       .
Head' "•' " • -   - "" - "
Office \"   ■       TORONTO     BranchesMdc°nn«tion,»
„.       ' „ - * ■   * t   , throughout Canada;
J' ?■ MAC-DONALD^Manager^yy^?AZ^l^Jgen,ie,]Brknci£
y...-
Imperial Bank of Canada
- Capital Subacrlbed;.,.
■- Reserve Fund. ../..,
»''<*'*
R.
V-
P'
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO - A
- 6,000,000  -Capital   Paid -Up      5,996,900'
,5,996,900  7TotalA8,et....A....    tSS'
WILKIE, Proiwent HON...ROBT JAFFRAV, VIce-PreB..
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Revolstoke, Vancouver and Victoria	
,  •„    8AVNGS DEPARTMENT
m^utXS""^**"'*     rat!^7     ^    Of-"dCp0.lt.,
GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
FERNIE BRANCH
L. E. McDonald
HORSBSHOEINQ
GENERAL   BLACK8MITHIN0
and
CARRIAGE  BUILDING
Evpren and Delivery Wagont a
epeclality
WOULD E8TABLISH PENAL ISLE
WHEREON TO PLACE SOCIALISTS
SAN Diraao/Ca.., April 0.—At a
mooting to night of0IIolnzolnmn poul
numlior .'lit, fl, A. It,, roaolutlons won.
udoptod by n rlnlng voto asking'Con-
fiiosB to mnlto It n folony to crirry a
'■od flog ln a procession and to OHtah-
llHh upon one of tho United StntCB
Inland poHBCHHloiiB a ponal colony "and
deport anarchlBlB lo lt.
Tho rosoliitloni. aluo urge all Grand
Army posts )n lho Hovornl Btatos to ro.
rommond to tholr gcnotorB and ropio.
HcntallvoB thut Hitch action bo lakon
hy CoiiRrcBs,
Just   Arrived
A large assortment of'
New   Victor   Records
Come in and hear them
JA8PEC8 CASE, MAY 14
Tho cano or Mnthlna JaBjioc, who
vas also chnrKotl with tho Banin crime',
lis„connoctlon with Bborti, Iihh «ono
over to May _., tho bcbsIoii of court
holnj. nrtjotimorl lo that dato. At.
toinoy John R. Pnlmor, of I^thbrMge,
v/ho I« roproBontlnj. JnBpnc, wan pro-
cent, nnd argued that tho Crown onidit
to withdraw tho chorRO nRaliiBt .lnsrioc
and tho matter will bo argued whnn
court convonoB,
McLean's Drug & Book Store %yJV"
Night
s
*+****"_r+***+**+ + + *4--V._.+w...-, ^ ^ j, j
>
_
I'
>
!•
1
I
I
1
I
)
I
1
r
I N G E R
E WING
MACHINE   CO
WM..   BARTON
Anrcnt   rcrntv   Brnnoh
Pell ut t    Ave.
Hoftlt _.
; ■   "* »
lho llocky Mountain rldlne In Mu- \\.'
berin loRlalatnro, In thn boau-ldofil of \
a KoclallBt roproBontntlvo, Alwaygj
on Uio stump, In lonHon nnd out of l
season, whothor nn oloctlon Ib In bIrIU !
or not, ho would rnlhf>r Tm tiivini» w..
r/.'illf,iii ihnn hnvo hlg broakfnnt. Whon '
ho ililnhi It tlmo to Rlvo tho Alliorin |
f.irniM'fl ft roBt lib drops across.lo tlm i
roi.l mliKTB In tho Crow's *,Vohi ni.d '.
\i\t\n In ilmr. thoro. Thon he tnkfB nn '
\i\on that lie Ib wanted In BaskaU'h<-j
v.,.1. ..-»(. tlm far west henra riunors of
hl.i activity that usually form tli« first '
liiiiiiiiirit.il Unit it receives thnt hn wn,4 ■
Hiliikliift of taking tho trip.—n. P. Pet-1
tlr.'.-f,..
Dr. Kelley
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
"606" for Blood Poison
Mr, MMiar n.Ml ll,n(R| .!...,.,.,,„.,    M„.     \^'^SjZZ i     in' "f"
!•«.!«. ««•«,. I.«.««.,lw, (IM chr«.i. c2-,l«.«. *    Ml '*'
Museum of Anatomy
In,this «,,.„. Ml„r,.m !_. .|,„wn   hy   „flS   Mrft   ,mil,fl)lI  *n„trnlU, .
«v Frcc Con»**lt:ation and Advice
^°z,™? saw^K^ ^"Tr-n, wh-
Dr. Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
l&Jggjflfgg^p "%_Pf_f_lM__/ '
STOPS COUGHS Rsa^cW?:!
Try a District Ledger Ad. 'jr*!'.*?
i|«iir.      - - -.,.■>_ y .*. ,<   .y   . *
I -1  i'  ,_*. '  *    .     ."* — - ^       1_1 r _   '    '-       -
>y^y/_MLG«ra
it'Ss "''"- ••';l'.\ '** -Spring is here:and'the season when good elothes showup'tb adVan-^yS.>,
U.fy A 'tl^^ge'is'appfoachingj/'bywHh ttiemajority and buy 20th Centu^?-7,4:
t__ X.    u      y ~      ______ -r..     '  '   i    *-* ^y   •   1   \rl      *     il.il'     TT J  rf*l____:i ____J     ~l~~S~.ll  &+_*•?«»    nlianA *.ll,"'A'.*--
<7- ?^y;"iv^i __L^w\^^*^7"rA -.•»^B.G,GX'«l&Vs-4*'lni;if
^y^y^A a c. rt_ .> ,_^y,y>^;i7AA^^:7lAAA¥-**A'    „ yy|^.y
Aw 7     '   *•* '  ■g"**** — *■-• y_fH^t^ *., ',-_-.:-yi<.-Al-A)-'   v .;   't-,;-7-7'i-y
.   /*<-* yr-~,   1  fc. ^..r   -      . ■%^>_ , ____BB-B___.     a — -?      ^_____i.   .  ^a__',__■__■ _^  ^   ._____________: _____________ -*___________   ________ _______ -. . '-u.*  f
yry-f, *?'*■'•.•
'--.   .#   .,    V
IA7-..
ll f 7 " *y
it 7 - »- ,-*
f/ .*-.■,'__
«*  y,        -St      .
15$ ?'"• ' ?' *,'
l...y; •** -, v
hi v
MA* * . -
ms ■
»1
t*f. 5   '
« I" ,
IM I"     ,'
ft
I If',
if?'
If*.. '"
If'A *
I W- M
_«'•>       "
is?7 *?
4 $ „
17"'"
A -* 7;;
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tWf •"** " A • .•-
'« ,AV  " >'
IV ?",   - - '-V
Itssu'yV, : t-,
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_P*   i?;
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i® ^f 4 y
"t- "* "I '
i-t. C'A ;v.4
I a It,-*  7i*,**- '\
1-'   .-*- si    -     -
. * Brand Garments.A-New, styles, Hand-Tailored, perfect, fitting,,shape\€^
''^retaining garments.   t,77   '•*/''*    >.     .    ■ .. ,l .."/"*';• '   -.a.-^v..^*
mil'..'
ASK TO SEE THEM -WB ABE EXCLUIITB AWHTl
' • V, ,,'"„
SPECIAL
yryA^Ty
";   ■ Men's genuine Horsehide Gloves,fullK8tock,with patent wrist fastA
1   ener.    These glovesihave been sold at $1.50 per pair,,,- Ipeeial i__V,-
.-S^.'J-','
■tS^;u ' "   -• ""*
''-J , - *«' * - v. "
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; ° Tuxedo Baking**Powder;. 16,oz;^.y.:.7.v--"-;] -1?:
A   Tukedo Baking.Powder,;,5?lb."'tinAf^v7:"A"- -«v#
-t>:-j c<-»J ,111,   r.1.^*'- «*.'      . '-   *     Hi    -'-<*.   "
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?Bird Seed, 1,1b. Rkgi11, A ?........7:. .7.7...;  .10.
,",**FowVper lb*-;..!i-*.*1;-;.'."*.';.. 1-n.-....':.-;_;,./;;.',_„  -".25,
, •<., : *v  .
urday (1.00.
, _.    .  v  /
'This ia a O-annint larfaia
. 1  ''V "     ,    - , A" IPE0IAL  " - ■ -**     7 ./-> /
> " y ' • •        , !       *   .
';    y Men's "Wash'Vests, new p&ttepa's, absolutely fasteolorB... -These
6 light, Vests will be very popular this season,     latturiay.. Special,
20 per cent Discount.   ' ".'^ ;   ,y_   *.""A ;,,   ,?  *t ,'_y ' A ,     ,  :-
7* '•   Bd sure You S«e Thii.Lin* *   y"
,"A
V   t.
We are Special Selling Agents for 20th Century Bra^d and Copply,
1 Noyes add Bandall Made-to-Order,Clothing; Order.your Suit from us;
? A Perfect Fit Guarantqed.y ,t Vj -y-y-y;'' **'*= ,•' r, * '. A",...'
-/ '      '. *" ','.' 7 SEE OUB 3000 SAMPLES   A" ^
'1-,7"-,*,7'7
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7A, -y -v>; .'"t <?M .^>T^J___7f./5f
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!A? Special Exliibition of
*» *.° ">• ,' ' A*-'*'  v    .. **>7'!'; ;  ,,? '     „y,_,..*-„TA ;:• v^ ,;?.-: y
hg Wall Patberis
.   - - .7A'A,7"-   'v AA-,*7' »_. "7, ,
.«   We invite you to theri finest' display of Wall Papers everjBhown in   • S
'..Pwrnie.*..   '   7-„  ?A A >v 7  "     ,>   %
_-'F- The
ti'   nothing
-  and coloring.7 ^y??/
."Chicken,*perlb.;.\.*..".l.77.A..A,.,.A..:A.". *?.80
,,   '    y\ . ^Carnation Wheat Flakes": per, plcg.'..?.;. 7-S.'.' - .40
'Lowney's Cream1 Chocolates, per lb. A,".... ■. .A, .SB;? **
*> h * >"**i " i','*'''"^_'',•' 'i1 r'i^T_ "    t   «A
,      Lowney's Breakfast,Cocoa, per lb. ...?.......,.40, y,
*.-   !'   uLowney's Baking Chocolate, per, y2"lb.cakel,  .20      r
yX\"     Fresh' Eggs, per doz.' .Vy... y • ■ • • ?-■'• ■    .W    '
':-< 'A77'* Gold'Lahel'Peaches^lby.tin ...yy.yy.Xy .80 •■'^ "^ ^{A-
- \'   .' y' '  Gold^Lahel Pears/3 lb. tin"SU.:..";\X..-.''.?   ^.«0f' ' < -:' •' -*
>   . '■';■'* Gold-Label Cherries, 3 lb. tin .....- :... A»0
,    >:,     THawaiin-Pineapple, sliced, 2 lb.tin, 2 for .. ?:    .45
y;A' -. y'A^tra.;:ian'^ak'^ ;X,i X yy'
7 -\    v ' ■ Evaporated Prunes,1 medium sizeV^ lb;-foT:, ? A .25■ >; * 7."    y\   , v
.'   °t •* , »     , . -;- '   "i-'-i1     *i^ 1    " ' '       .' 1.        -.       ,   - , 1    i-
.,     , yy «-*■   1.      v     ,'«\, "^r-   v ,   .,1
y.*: ..•"" -7 '   . -:J'. •.-t'>^',"vj>?-,i       '"-?_-•*l
7 *-AK*AAA*:A>AA"'I'<* *^n^..
yyyifS^.y^-^y ;y?|?nA >*isS *
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«V,*'  ' *>. -.
*-^K '*'
'.,   " Cooking Figs, 3 lbs. for..
25'
25
* ~i*i.
, »>^, >**'-,' ,<•
» *^V       -\k«
'*- *n "'. ' -
season has brought out some exquisite productions.l *,Certainly V',':*'"":
igfeverv .before, shown' here,can-compare ;with*, them for-design»|y .
)loringA'j.^Ay'.A)*,ytA . . y»'y7y,7'yS'X Xyf7S{
, • '. There are how-kies distinctly different frotn,the goqds?of preViousfy.iy?
_,  seasons:! -There-aire Various beautiful .papers Especially adapted" to r-yy^
*». * *     Tr * i ^       tt ^ " ^i " t • "t        3       t(T A""*" ^   A    >'   J J ^ *&-t   *
^ the "cut out!' resort, now so popular.   ,.,,-,. ,pi   „ %-'. \'K\ "'"• \ *. y .':•-SSSi
" 7 • These papers have beeii, carefully selected for. our trade from they^y
'-   choicest.production's of the leading manufacturers,,_ihd.we know,tha%.",7'sy
no finer goods can be had; and prices are Ifeaspnable.n ?jWe know thatf'.y ^ .
.    -, ' *; -    -Cranberries, 3 lb.'for . v. .S....". ,...-. %..    «»,   7A^i7 ,f,y.','"'
>     •   .'   ...      ,,' ,       -/•»-.*.   - * rfisj-  „*. v (V&. «». ■      - ,*- <-■ - .   . "'- w51-- j**1.*...*',*'!" ".,y!
'   \. Crosse and?Biackwell's-Jam,lib "glass,.2 for   .45;   "A! A,   AA
■l'      M V|     .        ,*«      ,' ' V-    ,       _   \-"4      ' '     1        '>."••■*".', •'-        „"*'' -R •'">','-ft,   -*
'  > , 7   J   Lamp, glasses, A a'nd-,B*,Size, 3;for-. .*...*.-,.'..,   .36., k yyy\rf .
V    i   1'"' White Swan Soap.per, carton,, .y............ , .20   7yy-,y ;-.  I
■ .' ' '-'; - * mite S^a^Wash^lP^^3>er pkg7^7.y „ ].1O^S0}}'jy %];!'
.{ y • 7 [ Small Pure Maple Syru^-y2 gal tins;'each,..", ^75.- 7y -A? ; ," '
; A  7SSX\ >ol4 "Slandi^-T^^lbipkg^' ^regular -.50;4'f y?7!yA;A^-"^
',f *7'A '■    71 .-,''''*?,• .-; .'UA4 ,'; iv, ',77 '.' -.'   ''.,\ ''>__n-"jA''   '.c-'" -i'"'«\
11   ,  ''•"■ ,    special ...*.. v.;.'.V;..;;-„i:...'./......... .-..y- /,•**•, ..' v-\-A ,<«-, - ' ■
-       ,       "Wd,Standard'TeaJ-3-lb. tins, ^ _\A.\A.sil'00^. Sv\(/^:-'
'•" , "'■ .ATomatoes^lb^tuisr^for ?AA...A.,...".!,^:.25|i\i7y? '-A-,; y
",   . '   *,   ••*      '.    '",:''    "y.."^^"? ''•'■•7*!i.-v"-"A  iv*y  -j
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''"" -°;:.25	
, - Beets. 3,lb. each.?.'..,."..?
',,■-*   *s;   .-y      •   i -   * *, ft?
Sy.y,      "* *,'. New Australian-Onions, 4'lbs. for ; A"r^..A'.25)7W-y*y,-'Vi;.''',\A
A';y -, "*? y a ^v ?- -V-*'* A^?? ? ^   ^ A-f ./^'A^^a.'-'^ja:.?. vv^
Our'^V^ery^- SeMbxi
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^   -** y iZ>A ,ii*#lTs&igfe^m_w_jF*\t AA y^yXy   7_7, ?* 7'^
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A Safe Investment
* , ,      '       t        *     *■''" ( f.   - '*,,     ^
', ,,.!..<,,   f *, i/,'   i.'.t j*"j,<,... v''v, ;..»'<' ','     ,?• • ., A*A      .f -*.iw
J)(3vcloiimcnt8 now coing on in the collieries Hero unr, sui'vouiulinK,
r*1 »'j*T' 'r? "^ "
difllncls insure nn oxtonsivcndynncu in nil IoIh in Kast Colomnn wltli-
in n islutrl timo/,:-;*'"'' ,'.(^''v.w;jirtte. . ,   ■    -
■f A * ,      y   I      ' '' ' ;
"liol1 values >wiU, wlvM«a ac'cpriling a^pa^rolls tm\ pppulft^oii in«*
'  -wnnnoI'mnl-H i«»nnrt»1mrci-»£o (ruoss.wiittt .thotoffoct of.a'.ooiioQiitriition"
" luM't f.*. w-.l pniiV wng'<«nrnor«iiionnH \<t thc-now 1own,       r   >
The  Best  Citizens
,_('•-_
"Tlio'bfest oitizons/'.it has somotlmoa boon said, !'aro tlie land own.
• '        Vi,,      "',..«'     '   ,'*" ..1. •
tog oltlzdns/t' • .To havo*monoy invested in land in a ccijt&n oommu-
ziity stlranlatos intorostrpromotoB' local pridoand fosters,-Jiolpful aoT
tivity in'tfiowelfaro of that community.: Stability, ponnftnonce, re-
sponsibilltyand good st-inding among one's follows on th* part of any
•member of the body politic, Is to the advantage of all,
fi
tn
;A  Lot- ;Gi#|i? Free
!   A balloon will bo twit up on Sn^ftW^Spril 21st, to wliicli a
• .   .     *    . ....       _..... i   _._•...'/•'_ *_._!_i_JAv_: 1_.H1 >„.JU il.- 6l~A*~'
entile,the finder
fail to bo on hand
» Squatters wholmvo alrondy bnil^oui-CS^n Ensb Coloman Town-
: site will bo givon nn opportunity tortei_'ofin^^t8«pn Saturday, April
' 20th, arid can got ngrooments of salo^illljf^n ^Ir.»Alox, Morrison,
, Snlcs Agent, Colomnn, Altn, . .$K..y(#.« \  ,}
i
f-A'i.; :y*¥7*.■„* >*
ti'm*,',%i7m"«   • ,. \ ■'  't -
■i__i______________i
 . m i_          IVjV^

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