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The District Ledger 1912-10-19

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-     .X
„*;_- *
_ . -
**   *
-   ! I'   '-
f nduitrial Unity isj JBtreiigtb.
Np. 9, Vol. VI.
_n '. J>-.-W.V  »)E-tV
Trivial .^^;wjj^ ^Evidence
',_' (Special to the Dlstrlct;Ledger)
;SALBM;*Ma88:, Oct-'iT^iovan-
rilttl's'alleged relation to the strike
, riots ' In Lawrence-and the Lapeni
o murder-was'introduced at;'the-Ettor.
trial. today. •' The government" Bought
to show that Glovannittl was aggressive, used strong (and threatening lan:
guage"against the mills and discounted
the" competence of the 7 police.
M-cliael. A.. Barry, a .Lawrence patrol man,, was the first witness of the
day.    He testified that he knew defendant, Giovannitti, 'and met him often
during the strike.     On the evening
of January 24 he met him ln< an Italian drug store'on "Lawrence, Street,
Lawrence.'   Patrolman Gallagher was
also there.-    Giovannitti was sitting
ori  a bench.    , Patrolman  Gallagher
said to,. Giovannitti.'according-to wit-
. riess. that he wa^a.good orator,"judging by his gestures "and'force. "Wit-
• ness then related a, conversation he
\r overheard tbetwen Gallagher and Gio-
- vannitti.  •  The patrolman suggested
_. that thej; could not win the strike by
such rough methods   as   they were
'adopting,  and Giovannitti replied in
substance: ./ ' •.-• ,.'•■    \.;
- J'That was nothing," and there was
nothing_ to.stop them, from doing: it.
"They had to do something'to be recognized," _ > - ',, ' >' -
O ,_ Gallagher' told Giovannitti that the
strikers should not.assault,the.mlll-
workera. ■ .They ought to do peace-
- ful picketing!,    { :-,-••'
(*,'To Hell;with that,"" was Giovan-
iiltii's reply.; '%!We will win this.strike'
.   if' we have;, to vbreak 'their damned
.heads.";   7yy\----.Sy     yj: y
y 7 Policeman Gallagher' sufegested/that
- 'the police would try to;stop that.,
_-.' , fGlovannittl replied to that—""''" X
...    T-iWhat- do yoU.'fellowBv-amountv.to
onlyjor your .clubs and guns" -',,.;. .
7 -Boston; reporters sent to-Lawrence
to.send Bpeclpl stories to their papers
also .'testified,   quoting;   statements
made byrthe'men on_;trlal   (;        i:
.   >-^ ••-    :  i3^^y ' -y :**..*!»£,
The Offibial Organ of Distort No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
$1.00  A YEAR.
Proceedings Tedious and of Little
..;.'   '      Consequence'"'
" :< (Special to'the District Ledger) . ;
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Oct. lT.—The
trial ofthe Iron Workers, or-what Is
known as the "Dyrikinite'ConspIracy,"
is proceeding slowly.. Evidence bo
far' produced by the prosecution has
been of slight consequence;' and so far
the case looks pretty poor.
Sir George Askwlth Makes Important
Address—Arbitration   Optional' ...
• MONTREAL, Oct'. 14.—That trade
agreements - between ■ the employers
and the labor unions were as strongly
observed by both contracting parties,
was a statement, made today by "Sir
George,,Askwith, chairman of the conciliation department of the British
board of trade, in addressing a. meeting at the Canadian Club, Sir George,
discussed • labor questions in Britain
from the viewpoint of' one Avhose time
has been;-given, much ' of late years
to settling disputes between trade un-'
ions and' employers f_ and his address in the main was cheerful of com-,
ing, better relations' between employ--
er and employed.      ,    ■,
'"Law, up, to.a certain point may be
valuable, in settling disputes but if
you make- a law if is important that
you should he_able,to,enforce that law;
and thatit should be with .the general
consent pf the people, rather than by.
forcing-It on a mass of people, who
object to it absolutely.   ' ,
"The" beginning of every act of par-,,
liament says it is by the advice and
consent ;of ;the parliament and their
words should more or less govern the
conditions under which any law should
be based.V,. ' y>.-;' y-; ■'-
,,'SIr George^does not.believe greatly
in ;legislatl6ri,^ which; would. compel
unions to submit their questions to,
arbitration.,-, ,He,cited^a threatened'
cbal stHke' of' Scotch* miners as au
example- wjierif.an old Wejph miner
called' in to .consultation' told a minis-
one HgN^lp^oml
-   , •-r-'^o.RK ON LINER
Because One Man Wat Not Wearing
Button of the'International Union
. VANCOUVER, B. C, Oct.'115.—Be
cause among the men engaged in dis-.
charging the blue funnel-Huer, Protest
laus, was one who did not wear the
, button of the International Longshoremen Union, over a hundred longshoremen quit worlt'on the.liner.yesterday
demanding that the non-union man be
.discharged, This the -Victoria and
Vancouver" Stevedoring company ro-
fused to do, and tho big vessel" was
left Idlo for some hours,
Last night the trouble spread to
tho Pacific Coast   Steamship ..com-
, pany's , vessel   Umatilla,   from >■ San
FranclBco, and again the longshore-
'  mon quit.
Tho Umatilla has achieved ^ fame
because last night a woman batch ,ton-
dor was to lio obsowid on tho Job.'
This was a passenger who sympathised'with Captain Riley to bucIi an oxtont thut she tended the hatch for several hours,
te^ofTtl^Tcrownj4h^600r000 men,
'could not be sentfto Jail even if they
failed to obey fhe law and arbitrate.'
It .'was useless, Sir George "contend-
ed;'vto'vPas8;l^wsf.which"'cpul4-not' be
enforced, arid: % W8»;jp(raptl^illy. im-
possible ito enforc^'u'npo'pu1_u>._4wb on'
thousands of workmen. ,    .
• The ;• railway strike,,' the , lecturer
stated, ■ was of, such a nature that although . agreements, httd been broken,
parliament stepped ih and advised'a
meeting of,'both 'sides. The meeting
ended in the formation' of a scheme
under which the railways of Great
Britain are now governed and which,
the speakor'felt, would be successful.
"It. has been boasted," the speaker
said, „Vthat our country ls unable to
Bottle1 anything. Settlement implies
an agreement,, Agreements cannot
hove a lasting progress on n basis of
broken faith."
The following have been nominated to the respective District and International offices and.have
signified,their acceptance^:' ■.
(International) "y" i
•   -       it -   v
Por President: .',<'.
John P White  Oskaloosa, Iowa.
A. Bradley.; v.-::. Mt. Olive, 111.
.   :                   For Vice-President:
Frank J. Hayes .'.7 ; ....-. .Collinsville, 111.
■} ...   ..      For Secretary-Treasurer: ,
Edwin Perry' x .Oskaloosa, Iowa.
William Green .- Coshoctonj Ohio.
Joseph Richards ...: "...."..!. .Glouster. Ohio.
•. * . . .   -^   -p ',
.For Auditing and Credential Committee: „
John J. Mossop  .North' Lawrence^Ohio:
Albert Neutzling  \>. Glen Carbon, 111.'
AViiliam Donaldson .  Du Bois .Pa.
Arthur Blakely :'. .Hartford, Ark.
Ed. Maloney : Springfield, 111,
Matthew Barr , • Perth, Ind.
,T. G. Morgan ;.: Linton, .Ind.
Patrick -Callahan   '. .Rossiter," Pa.
Jas.- Gillespie. , ' Scranton, Pa.'
John R. ScKaff er ....;...'  Belleville, 111."
John Price .7..71 '.S.[..yy.Nanticokej Pa.,
y  •     For Tellers:        '        /„.•'   -•;'
William Young ......... ■ South Fork, Pat •
Thomas Paskell ■ .' Shawnee, Ohio;".
Thomas Hollidajr. '   Granville, 111.
William Foster,/:..'...  .* Hazzard/ Pa"..
..;.-Oskaloosa;. 0owa;!
.j .Spring VaUejp/.Ili;
...... Springfielfl^J
_. V> Cd«hocton,/ORi(J:
vv.::->Springf«la, 111;
..%,,..Belieyiile, 111.
, * «s.» «
NORTH HAY. Ont., Oct. 1..—Xn
oxploslon of dynamite on tho construe
tlon or tho Algoma Eastern Railway
near Suhury this aftornoon fatally In-
jurod six Italian laborers. One man
had both arms blown off and nnotlior
lost both' eyes nnd Buffered sovornl In.
juries to IiIb hond. Tho others had
arms and logs broken. The liijurod
mon wero rusliod to tlio Sudbury" lion-
pltal whore It Ib anld Hovoral will
dlo, Tlto oxplonlon rosultod from
tho linndllng of a box of dynnmlto cnpB
by a laborer.
LONDON, Oct. 13.—At a Joint con-'
fprenco of the Independent labor party
t'nd Fabinii Society, domanda wero icr-
ir tinted for the Ii.1'eduction of now
leglBlatlnii iu tho hx. aeaslon of par-
llnmont mdtorlally to bettor tho conditions of lho British working men,
Among tho demands of tho conforonco
Ib orio calling for a wook of .8 hours
for all Industries, An npponl Is also
to bo mado for solf contnlnod homos
with a low rental for ovory family,
and a lognl guarantee thnt no child
Bhould want for food, clothing or modi.
cal attention,
John P.'Whiter. ;
John Mitchell S.	
Frank J. Hayes!,.,;... „,..
John Hi, Walker^	
William Green ........
.Dancan'^McDonaldo '7?i'.
Adolph Germer	
W. D. Van Jforn, ....".. .Terre Haute, Indo
,John Moore"..'-._  j .Columbus, Ohio.
,Francis"Feehan",7:i;.','....'..7S;'.Pittsburgh, Phi.'
•Frank Farringtdri '....."..'...;.. .Stre'ator, 111.'
Thomas' Kennedy ' Hazletbn, $L
'John Fahy ...' i ;Shamokin, T?a:
Jamos IVlorgan   ,. Cheyenne, Wyo.
James Lord '..."'. .Farmington; 111.
Michael, Halapy ': ;',.'..,.... .Finleyville, Pa.
J. F. 6owden \'l  .Knoxville,' Tenn.
Robert Harlin  ,. Seattle, Wash.
Frank Hefferly .....'  Collinsville, 111.
; Jpsq.fr Richards Glouster,. Ohio.
.Joseph Smith Bay City,. Mich.
,0. STUBBS .;...'.  Bellevue.
H. ELMER ■*. Michel.
: j.. 0. JONES  Hillcrest.
GEO. WILDE :..,!..'  Michel
A. J. CARTER ....,..:..*....; Fernie.
T. W. BROWN ..'. '....... Michel.
D. REES : ,  Fernie.
:T. G. HARRIES .....'...'. .... Michel.
F. WHEATLEY  Bankhead.
CHAS. PEACOCK ..  .       .......... Lethbridge.
,D. PATON  Fernie.
T. FRANCE ,.......:. 1...X  Fernie.
J. .UNSWORTH . _ i   Coleman.
JOHN MAKIN ...:....:...:..... .„..'.., Michel.
"J, L. PORTER  ::         Michel:
'X       v     ' y   . District No. 1
J. W. GRAY ;    ..:...  Fernie.
J. HOLBROOK y.'y....,   /Fernie.
M'    • -7;y
was extinguished this morning.. The
body of F. A. Benz; the missing pump
man, has not been found and all hope
that he is alive haB been abandoned.
Six hundred men will be out of employment until repairs can be completed..
. LONDON, Oct. 14.—For the sittings
of the Admiralty and Divorce Court,
which open to-morrow, no" less than
622 divorce cases are" down, a total
which exceeds that of last year by
144. Of.the cases 339 are undefended. This has given fresh ground for
the widespread feeling that the ease
with which divorces are granted the
well-to-do is sapping the morality of
tbe middle classes.
Wounded Slightly by Fanatic-
Talks for an Hour with
Bullet in Chest
Held 6,000  Meetings Throughout the
United States
, CHICAGO, Oct. ' 14.—Last Sunday
was a red-letter day for the Socialists.
"On the day," says J. Mohlon Barnes,
campaign manager of the Socialist
party, "2,000,000 people heard the message of Socialism from more than
6,000 platforms throughout the' nation."    i •     ■
District No. 2
District No. 3
;{No Nomination)
; V District No. 4
. ^TTFMicheir
..., Coleman.
.. Canmore.
TABER, Oct. 17—The- Western
Canada Coal Co. are sending a unique exhibit to the Dry-Farming Congress. • It will take the form "of a
)mg€ lump of coal weighing anywhere
from one-half to three tons. • It will
not, be shipped • by rail, for, fear of
breakage, and will be taken to Lethbridge by relays of teams. The company intend arranging a guessing contest and will likely offer $10 as a
reward to the one guessing the nearest
to the actual weight. This exhibit
will doubtless attract much attention.
8ET FOR NOV. 21.
MILWAUKEE, Oct. 13.—Col. Theo-,
dore Roosevelt was shot and slightly
wounded today as he was leaving the
Gilpatrick Hotel for the auditorium,
to make a. speech. The wound was
superficial and the colonel went on
to the auditorium and began -his
speech after he had seen his, assailant arrested and taken to the police
The man was seized and held until
a policeman came up.' A mob surged •
around the prisoner, who apparently
is mentally upset on the subject of
Roosevelt running for another term
as president.
The man who is small of .stature,
admitted firing the  shot    and    said
that,  "any  man  looking for a  third"'
term ought to be shot."
In notes found in the man's pocket
at the police station were statements
that the man had'been visited in a
dream by the visit of William Mc-
Kinley, who had said, indicating Col: ■
"This'is my murderer, avenge'my
death."'   •
Not Serious
Col. Roosevelt's injury is not serious. The colonel felt no pain at
the time the shot was fired and was
not aware that- he was shot until he
was on the way to the auditorium.'
His attention was then called to a-
hole in his overcoat and he found
that his shirt was soaked with blood.
A superficial examination was
made when he reached the auditor;
ium and three physicians agreed that
he was in.no immediate danger.
Col. Roosevelt's life probably was
saved by a manuscript of the .speech
which he-delivered to night. The
bullet struck the manuscript which re-N
,tarded its force as it passed through
the flesh.'1 ■■ His asaallant-waa-nrevent-
, OTTAWA,1 Oct. 17.—It Ib definitely
stated at a late hour tonight that parliament will meet November' 21. - An
official announcement to that effect
will be made on Friday.
The following; nominations were, rejected.by the
Board on account,, of no written consent being received frbn\ candidates:    ■     .>.'■'
Por Auditor:—M. Hutter, Geo. Jordan, Bmile
Dipolc,' Frank Weijaf, Frank Zote and J. A. Foster.
Por Sub-District Board Members:—W. Howarth,'
J. Magdol, Eniile Bias, L. Moore and II. Brooks.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 13,~IJpwardB
of $400,000 wns oxpondod In tlio of-
forts of Governor Woodrow' Wilson,
Governor Judsoii Harmon and ropro-
Bontatlvo'Oscar W. Undorwood to «o<
euro the domocrntlo proBldontlnl nomination this yoar, according to tho
testimony today prosontod to tho so-
nnto campaign contributions com
'i/raTnnninnw net 17--Mr j. v..
Pftlmor rocolvod word todav thnt Ma-
tli.us Jasboo tried tit Macieod 'In connection with tho Wllmott murder, of
which Eborla was convicted, wm nl.
lo\ve(i to go on Bugpendod iftntyioo,
Jnwl>ec has been In lull for nonrlw 1.
5 0/1 j\ hild on tlio murder clmrgo, but
at tho trial lint wook thli waa rod lie-
ed to attempted burglary, and on Mr.
PMmrr'B advlco, Jaal.cc pleaded guilty.
Mr.'palmer then oskod the court for
merry, aa his client had by hla volun-
'.v • --.i-ctaton, cleared up tho mystery ofjlio murder, and whllo he hnd
It-jiulul to ultetiiptuil burglary, there
had been no crime of that character
had ben no,crime of th_.t.p..UM..
committed. Mi. Palmer's plea apparently carrlnd wolght with tho
JtiiKti, and Jasbec It a free man again.
Jnibec Pleads Guilty to Attempted
Matliias Jnsboe pleaded guilty to a
«.>.».t,f- uf ..uctiijiitii uu.fei«_> OutUfUu)
nftcrrinrvn fit Macieod, and lit1 wny n-
mandod for sentence until tomorrow
morning by Chlof Justice l.arvoy.
John 11. Palmer appeared for tho do-
fonto,' while Wm. Catnpboll acted for
Tlio original charge lnld agalnit Jaa-
boc waa that of murdor, but thia waa
changed to that of attomptod burglary.
Tho opinion waa prevalent that the accused man would mako a big fight lo
clear hlmiclf. The Chief Juatlco-wished to look Into tbo dotalls more closely before paining aontenre. The probability la that .Tasbfc will get off on
muponded ic-ntencft. ITo was charged
with murder a a an a««mplke of Frit*
Bbert*., who la to bans. Nowataer 5,
for the murder of R.N.W.P. Constable
CHARLESTON, W. Va., Oct.„lG.—
Driven to dosporatlon by tlio determined stand of the strlkim. minora in the
Knnawha Valloy, wlip not only rofus-,
cd to bo drlvon back Into the stnick
colllorlos by the onslauklitora of the
murderous mlno "Kuanlb" but could
not ovon bo frlghtoned by the rulo of
martial law, tlio mlno operatora havo
resorted to anothor mothod of iiorHe-
Tho operatora have notified tho minora thnt unless thoy return to work at
onco under tho conditions laid down
by them, all tho atrlkora will bo driven from tlio "homos," which lioloiijc
to tho mlno companion, nnd which tho
minors now occupy. *""
"Uave your'homco, or return" to
work" Is tlio ultimatum laid down by
tho operators, who, knowing that tho
minors aro In dlro noed boeauso of tho
length 0. tho utruififlo UuoukIi which
lliey"l'ftva passed, fcol confident that
tho strikers will bo compelled to sub-
mu .0 k.o i_nut) HjfMiiiii winch iney
hi)\'L- \ni-i) li^hliui, ml  ialUul.1),
With a long winter staring them In
tho' fnca and with no funds to help
thorn In a continuance of tho struggle,
tho union loadoro fear that tho fight
.-,' !,*,,,. u.i_^.* i\n ui_i_s duuiaiito conditions will havo boon In vain unloss
holp comes from the outsldo.
' At today's hearing beforo the commission appointed by uovcrnor tOlaos-
cock lo Investigate conditions In tho
Paint Crook and tho f.abfn Croc* motions l-efort. and during tho strike, a
scoro of ncnb  tn1nf»-i.  ttin^fi^il  tht'
they woro well satisfied tilth Jh«<
condltlona and wages paid them by th«
operators of the struck miners. The
condltlona and wag«s are tmich bcttt-r
than thow glrtn the mUnn ml-H1** 1*
fore tho atrlk# offererf t/i thfm rmltv
Coal Miners Pay Per Capita and Will
Bo Well Represented at Victoria
Clem Stubbs, presldont of-District
18, Unltod Mino Workers of Amorica,
with B. C. hoadquartora at Fernio, has
boon elected by tho oxocutivo board of
tho n. C. Federation ot I.abor to fill
tho vacancy caused by tho resignation
of Vlcc-ProsldPnt Hurt.
Secretary-TronBiiror A. J. Carter has
forwardod to Secretary-Treasurer V.
II, Mldgloy, of tlio Fodorntlon, per
capita tax for the current half year
upon 1,1.78 mombora, divided as follows: Fornlo, 020; HoBmor, 2-10; MIc-
hoi, m-, Corbln, 80. This constitutes tho avorngo momborshlp of District 18, In British Columbia, but will
ho considerably augmented by tho ond
of tlio present flscul yoar.
Tho coal dlgftnrs of the Crow's Nost
Pass Coal fields will bo woll represented at tho forthcoming convontlon or
tho n. C, F. of U, ,at Victoria, and
nono will be more wolcoino than Proa.
Clem Stubbs hlmsolf.--n, C. Fedora-
Terrible Mine Fire
Rages in Tasmania
;. BRISBANE, Aus.,vOct. 18_~fA r#
markable step has been taken Jay the
trade unionists of Queensland in" petitioning Mr. Asquith to prevent' the
passing of the industrial peace, bill,
introduced In" the legislative assembly
last July. The measure'provides for
the setting up of Industrial boards,-
makes strikes and lockouts' unlawful
until a compulsory conference has
proved abortlvo and a fortnight's
notice has been given to the registrar
nnd the latter has taken a secret ballot, of'employers and employes, and
such ballot has resulted In favor of a
lockout or a strlko.
ed from firing a second shot by Albert H., Martin, one of Col. Rdosevelt's
two secretaries. -. Col. Roosevelt bad >
just stepped into an automobile when •
the would-be assassin pushed .his way ■
through the crowd In; the street andr •
fired." Martin, who /wasi: Btanding Iny
the'ear with the,Colrael.leaped on tojj '•
the-man's shouifders and bore,him  to
the ground.'   . ' '
CAWJAUY, Oet. 12.—Tho caso ag-
nliiHt It. C. 13dwaidH, editor and proprietor of tlio Calgary Idyo-Opoiier,
has boon withdrawn by IS, P, Davis,
i.,C, uu tijxsiuhj uuMim ovuii tender-
nl iJinJ rixiu-t) I') .lh, ..\_ <*,'..'v._i thU
morning. At the police court hoar
Ing last Monday, ho was committed for
trial by Maglstratn Randera.,
WBliLINOTON, N. !P„ Oct .17.--
Tlio strike at tho Wftlhl gold mlnn,
which hns been dragging on for
month*, U itttl tm far off bcUUi,..t,i
ac evor, Somo of tho mon havo been
.t.U>.._.one(t. nml ii tcv; am utUnnliiK
to «ork,
Ttw. manager rlidms that thc pay
for surfoco work 'and nnrterground
also averages fourteen shillings and
1IOUAI.T, Tasmania, Oct. la.—Us-
lng evory effort posslblo, hundreds of
rescuers nre battling against flames
and smoke to save 80 entombed mln-
i ers at the Northern Mount Lyoll mlno.
Tho flro wns stnrlnd through a
motor-pump plug on ono of tlio machines blowing out. In a fow minutes
deiiHo blnck clouds of srnoko began to
pour from tho mouth of tho main
tunnel shaft, and terror stricken surface workers dropped tholr tools to
assist In tho roscuo of tho ino odd mon
known to bo working at tho depths of
lho mlno, Weak, tottorlng ond exhausted, 70 mon, who worn working nt
the 700 feot lovol, succeeded In reaching tho surface, battling their way
through tho smoko that, tlmo and
tlmo ugftln, threatened to suffocate
Ihem. One died on reaching the surface.
With 80 minors still down In tlio
depths of tho earth valiant efforts nro
being made to pump nlr 7.000 feot
down tha shaft.
*P_.A l.nM  t**n* Hif   v^'i{"   ; 1 '.f', 1,    \^:
rifle. Hnnd* of wnmpr* hnv- linoyi
forced to return to tho Biirfaro overcome by hoat and smoke. However,
several mon succeeded ln reaching thn
500 feot lovol whoro one man was
found dead. Thi»v worn imnMo «n
(tiny llio body to tho surface.
A diving gear le being prepared nnd
lt ls hoped that by this mennv'some nf
Ihe entombed men may ultimately bo
LONDON, Oet. 12.—Tho cablnot today considered Incornsed remuneration for tho doctors under tlio Insuranco act. It is understood that It
agreed lo lncreaso lho amount allocated to them by $5^000,000 annually,
mnklng posslblo the payment of ?l.8p
per insured porson a yonr, and thus
mooting the doctors moro than half
way. Tlio doctors declared that tho
least, tliey would accept was $L'.0l. nnd
tho govornmont offered $1,41, after
first offering %iM.
Twenty-two Bodies Have Already Been
Recovered from the Ruins
, TAMP.CO, Mexico, Oct. IS.—Tho
charred bodies of 22 victims of last
night's explosion Iii a warehouse hero
have been removed from the ruins.1
Flvo hundred ltegs of powdor exploded during a flro nnd it is bolloved
that nearly fifty persons wero'killed
and soveral hundred Injured.
SALT LAKH, Oct. 14.—Tho several
thousand mon at tho mills and smelter at Carflold, who luivo been asked
to handle non-union ore from Bingham, walked out this morning, It is
reported hero.
Thos. S. Powoll In tho employ or
Dr. Ing, as dlmnouil driller, nt Baud
Crook, noar Gallowuy, Is now lu tho
Fornlo Gaol on rt charge or robbery.
Powell Is alleged to have stolen diamonds to tho vnluo or $.1,000.00 from
his employer and mado off with thorn,
Chief Minty wns Immediately communicated with mul ho de._imtc._tMl
Gormnn from 1*1 ko In nu automobile
for Galloway. The trip was made
In record time and Powell collared
with the (llnniotidu, wo are Informed,
In his possession. He will come up
boforo Judgo Thompson for a prelim-
',.,*. j   ],i u.i.if,   fuumituff,   tf.itltHU.0 »•
(Hy Our Hariktio.nl t'o-respniiiliiiiTi
Frit ii It Dtitkn, the lad who had his
hack broken before lust strike, nnd
who Ih compelled lo wear a piaster of
Pnrfs cast ...omul IiIh body, Is going
through tlio painful task nf proving
whether he can work or not. Ills
compensation was Htopped nome time
ago becauso ho refused Mo go lo work
iih wclghimm on the tipple. His case
was brought before Judge Carpenter
lu Cnlgnry, nnd Dr. Miett sworn he
was able to work, while it doctor for
Ihe uppoMltloii swore ho was unable to ,
work, with tho result'that he wnn to
go,ami (ry, The poor fellow has tn
ha*it »uiiit.  one lo help  liim up the
Pumpman Lest His Life at K.lloflg,
Hillcrest Licensed Adjourned
I-KTHIIIUUOI-:. Oct. 12.~Tho Hoard
of License Ceiiiiiilsnlotiers met In the
1. ft: O. V. hnll today, Chairman Me-
KerrlclH'r presiding, nnd granted a
wholesale license to Wllllnm Hmlow-
ski of this city. The application of
('hurlrs Viu-hu, ut liill<ret.t foi Hie
t'nlon Hotel thero, was in1]r>urw.1 until    O-iolH-r   2"tli,     The    niolm.f.ie
wti'im, as one leg Ih |i.irtl. p.ir._|>Mil,
MET IN LBTHBRIOQE nnd whrn he get/ Jo the n_tlj.li bo _ he
Is unable to sit long, owiuu to »ioi>-
page of circulation In bU ifnn, tor
hi* louuinuii ih much an tu bo tumble
to keep In one position long. He
has tried this three HmcM and has
..vcti up In 1o<|'i.irt i.-id tho lndlRna>
tlon of some of the Uiokeriton can bo
better Imagined than dou-rlbed, as on
the ortu h.ir.«f thvy r* -t-f tin' tK* C, V,
It. is to give len.oWMlQO to Itn share-
t'tiMnro r.n-1 «.Vn .!__.__ ul lh:.. 114.
«e.l.i    Hliero  n   great   .■..rponukm   (»
KKt.f.Ofin, Idahoj Oct l.V-The min<
fire In the Kellogg tunnel of the Hun _....  „„ _ „nij(
ib.**l*M_^fr PM sbllt. ulth 41 fioursof jk«r   Hill   and   finilivan mine «bbh j removing from tl.e old Cnlon beleJ in \n.r\lr» nmt thru*  n-ho""hr"l
wfirtr r><»r wnir. [u.u'.vc out _.*,*Uk Ut« bi_l nlaht, ltr»i.i»M«h*'*r w» premiss. Uiu*   long.  Oh!   Lord;   how
Llotior Co.'a appllrntlon waa not re-jtrjlns: to barter out of hi* com_>M.N_-
jri.nimendtd n. Jt »«* felt thia was net f rlon, or to .ixtrarl « little mere pre-
.rMpilrr-ff.     HII-j- and Thompson, of.fit from u i»oor wretch of n «la\e,
T;»l>or, were eraiitei! tin- prlvllep_i» of j*h-_w. hs^t. %a« |^w ),u/kf-n m ih<)t
long. PAGE TWO
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.- '■'.-.<■ ■-- y - i1 --■-..;•■.,. y.- .v.     --,,-■',   .;-•--.   -,- -- i.\.> ■.'■ --.t '=_,■:;*-• ,,-y_jr.;. ■-'
- .'-'";"-r -'Tyyy- &.y,.-y 'yy '-.-7yy-'iy 77  .,»■ -.'..■;;.•.-.--.7.:.-,\
■.._ , /*,
The Bituminous
Coal Industry
i i . * *   . ■>
An Important Freight Producer, but
Not Prosperous
. .In their September letter H. P, Taylor and Company, investment brokers,
Columbia Bank building Pittsburgh,
comment on the status of the bituminous co&l industry, iron which the following abstracts are made:
The appointment of a receiver for
the Great Lakes Coal Company waa
merely another reminder of the generally unsatisfactdry condition of the
bituminous coal trade. , This action
was also a forceful demonstration of
tha apparent inability of interests
which were seemingly highly successful in iron and steel to direct intelligently another kind of enterprise.
However, individuals and companies
engaged in the mining, transportation
and' marketing of bituminous coal for
many years have been only moderately
prosperous, notwithstanding that output and consumption of the product
have been expanding by leaps and
bounds since the tete nineties.
According to the United States Geological Survey, production of bituminous coal last year was approximately
407,000,000 short tons, with a valuation
at mines of nearly $451,000,000. Owing to the remarkable increase in operating the capacity in most industries
during-the past six months the demand ,for coal has increased substantially, and previous mining totals are
certain to be exceeded in 1912. There
has been a general advance in the
■ _verago price of manufactured commodities' and, also,, in raw materials;
while compilations show that the cost
of living remains at the "recent high
level. Bituminous coal has been one
conspicuous laggard, and, in contrast
with anthracite, sells at a level barelj*
, representing the exchange of a new
dollar for an old one, even without
any consideration bf exhaustion of
supplies. This has beerf the actual
experience within the period beginning with the'settlement of the anthracite coal strike in 1902, when the bitu-
, minous trade greatly benefited by.that
prolonged struggle.
In the interim companies engaged in
other industries Waxed fat, becoming
• not only highly profitable, but exceedingly-powerful- concerns. " Explana-
tion  for the- vexatiou_s___Bltuation,7 as
the instance or with the encouragement of the rialroads; (2) keenest
competition' imaginable, developed by
reason of an excessive producing,cap-'
acity and of necessity of meeting fixed charges; and (3) oppressive influence of railroad and industrial corporations as a whole over the coal trade.
The, condition of the bituminous coal
industry throughout the country is
identical with that existing In Pennsylvania. Therefore the annual r _-'
port of the Chief of Mines of the Keystone State for 1911, published on
Aagust 19, may be applied as general
ana not specific. This report'states
*hat "the bituminous trade has been
demoralized and discouraged, due to
faulty' merchandising; that ls, the
production is unrestricted and the
great amount of coal on the market
naturally keeps prices at a low level.
It is high time that bituminous producers effect some regulations of their
trade that will bring more money for
their coal; but how to do this is a
problem. The .business interests of
the country are now so hedged about
by restrictive, laws regarding the making of price agreements that relief by
this method  is highly improbable.
There is a generally expressel opinion among those interested in bituminous coal mining that legislation
must be secured that will enable the
producers to exercise a better control
of the Industry, under Federal supervision if need be. Such control seems
essential, too, if real conservation, that
is, maximum recovery with minimum
waste, is to be accomplished."
Although there has beep relatively
little change in sale prices in several
years the cost of mining has ben rising steadily. In expectation of a
protracted suspension in the anthracite regions last spring bituminous operators, granted a further Increase in
wages in April, making the rate paid
the highest ever established. Owing
to abundance of deposits over,a large
area,, and destructive competition
which permitted .only the most extravagant kind of mining, much of the
coal has' been left In tbe ground and
ls probably forever lost as ,a merchantable possibility: ,   Herein should
- related  t6 bituminous  coal,  is - self-
' evident.. Over-production is primarily
■- responsible, to which can be added (1)
exploitation of new fields, either at
creasing, the producing capacity? until
consuming requirements warranted
such action.  .  ,  ..''._':■•.    -',■   -
'Public opinion is now-against any
regulation of this-character; but^ the.
time is not so far distant .when' it will
be realized that failure' to-make some
provision for the true conservation of
bituminous coal and other natural deposits has placed a burden upon the
people far outweighing- benefits derived from present policies toward the
railroads and' great' business propositions. We hold no brief for the transportation and- industrial corporations.
We believe that the system of high
finance so skillfully administered in
the reorganization of the railroads, following the panic of 1893, and in the
flotation of the many industrial companies in 1898 and after, had no small
part in fostering and developing the'
present unrest and the" demand for a
speedy economic change; but, as an
act of simple justice, it must be recognized that grave mistakes are being made in an effort, to restore a
situation that must linger only, as a
memory. « ,
Bituminous coal ranks among the
foremost , articles as a profitable
freight producer. The rate of transportation per ton mile Is\ relatively
high on all railroads, and decidedly
onerous in many instances. Western
Pennslyvania and Eastern Ohio are
striking examples ln the latter class.
Based on semi-official reports of the
coal traffic moved from the mines to
lower lake ports In the ' season of
navigation in 1911 the railroads collected about $13,000,000 for their.services. The ton mile rate charge was
5.5 mills and 5.48 mills,' respectively,
as compared with as low as 1.98 mills
from  competing districts.
The Interstate Commerce Commls-
ion last March ordered a reduction' of
10 cents per ton in the lake coal rate
as applied to shipments from the Pittsburgh and Eastern Ohio, districts.-'
While this decision means a reduction in revenues from coal of at least
$1,300,000 for the season, the railroads
were more than satisfied that a greater cut ha.d not been commanded. Inequalities in tariffs bad been breeding
dissatisfaction in . all directions for
years, and the inevitable result of the
change in political control since the
election of 1904 was the baiting of the
railroads for' injustice practised in
preceding years. The railroads now
frankly admit that many of their classifications are unjust, but, in the pric
vailing temper of the people, hesitate
to adjust. charges that are too high
for fear that permission will not be
granted tox raise rates that are not
sufficiently profitable. .    . 7
On general principles, the railroads
lie the province of wise governmental
supervision,, which would not only
compel scientific methods of coal removal, but would limit the right of in-
aggregate amount-required forVupkeep
of property and the. payment 'of- inter-
est.and dividends;.. Meanwhile;./dis.
crimination against the\.coal industry
will continue-until adjustment-Is ultimately granted.by the Interstate Commerce Commission or producers are
given as prominent .representation, in'
the directorate of the railways as-are
other great industries that might be
mentioned.- - "■ .'..-.,:■'. y',
Railroad dictation over the coal
trade, is an old story,. Dependence of
the bituminous .industry.on the indulgence of the-railroads and-the great
corporations is as potent today, as previously, not because of*, exactions of
favors, but because of, the huge an}:
bunt of coal' always pressing on the
market. Relief therefrom can notbe
reasonably expected until demand becomes more nearly equalMo available
supplies. In the Pittsburg and surrounding "districts a large proportion
cf the manufacturing companies consider that coal can be purchased from
producers at less expense" than would
be retailed at less expense than would
mines, even on a basis of cost of property far below prevailing acreage valuations; Contracts entered intobe^
tween operators and consumers, such
as railroads, steamships, gas companies and manufacturers, are frequently based ori the cost of-mining plus
a moderate premium for profit, wbich,
in the light of experience, is usually
inadequate unless the producer has
advantages not generally understood
or recognized.   ■
Under the circumstances, it- is readily appreciated why the United States
Steel Corporation can afford to pay
$7,500,000 for' a tract of undeveloped
coal territory on the Monongahela
river which may not be touched for
10° to 20 years, and continue to demand deliveries of coal according to
the terms of a 25-year contract executed with a Pittsburgh company in 1905.
As bituminous coal is reputed to be
sold at wholesale on' a narrower gross
profit per ton 'than any other natural
products 'it* is assumed, that operatora
would welcome a, chance of increasing their income. - The principal argument presented by the companies
of the Pittsburgh district for a reduction in the-rate on cargo coal intended for /lake 7 shipment- was that coal
mined in West Virginia at considerably lower wages, and transported >ui
a, much lower ton-mile tariff, was
crowding Pittsburgh coal out of its
rightful territorial market.
The Interstate Commerce, Commission ordered. a..reduction of "10 cents'
per ton .in the rate as applied-from
Pittsburgh ,to .'lower lake ports- because the,charge was excessive.. .The
actual increase in cost of mining und-
and the reduction in the freight, rates
on lake coal was ;tbree:"cents per' tori:
Instead of- attemptiiig^to, retatif' this
slight margin the entire 10-cent reduc-'
tion. was immediateiyj.grant,edvto consumers in the northwest-by the Pittsburgh Coal Company, > which 'meana
that the seven-cent-increase",in7cost
of production must be "otherwise absorbed j.. Vi.-_ .-.•■; -;s 'yy ... :
It is dififcult' to• .imagine that any
other basic industry labors urider as'
oppressive restrictions' or pfofiteth 'as
little as bituminous.coal. The remedy lies from without, a'ndriot within.
In days when'the price' agreements
and allotments according to the,ratio
of total'production were not tabooed
coal operators failed to benefit from
such agencies, riot only-, because confidence among themselves was lacking,
but also because the pressure brought
to bear by the principal, consumers,
doubly,effectiveoin'.view bf contiriu-
ous% over-production arid finanblal necessities, were preventative elements.
Nothing short of governmental revision of existing policies can permanently alter the situation; but against that
hour the mind of man runneth not.1-
The Coal arid Coke Operator.       '■.
are not being sufficiently remunerated
for services?rendefed, but,, as a concrete example, coai and coke,are bearing more than a due proportion of the
Says He Never Made Statement, but
the Proof is Here in Shape of
Signed Letter
The rights ani interest*, of;the:labbr^
ing man'.willybe'- protected\'and careS.
for-^-not ■ by j the {labor,-'agitators, 'but
by the .Christian mentowlibm God, iin
. ,■. ■ .v'- s-;-~. -v .'■( -;•.- "-.i • ■'-- r \, -
His infinite'tWiBdo'm.has given the control of prbperty^iatere&ts. of the'eburi-,
try, and upon' the successful.management of which so much': depends.".'. ;,
"bo   not   be   'discouraged,, ;.-' Pray;,
earnestly ithat.   right ' mar, triumph,',
always., remembering^ that   the/Lord
God\omriipatent .still reighSj. and "that'
'His; reigri-is one of la^and'order^and
not\of- violence and 'crimey.   7 ,'..-■-'
'. ;-'" "Yours truiyy v ',-_. 'sW^y^ - .-
'"-".'-7 7,; '■■■.' :* 77- .'"GEO/^-BAER,'"
7"'  77y" 7 "'■'■■-7 "'J7- V.'Preslderit";
"Mr." W. Fr Clarke',, Wiik^Barre;7Pai:
seven cents - per ,ton. ...Therefore, the
extreme gain'possibly obtainable between the increase in operating costs
If an lntervew with George P. Baer,
president of the Philadelphia arid
Reading Railway Company, published
in a morning paper recently', on the occasion of his 70th birthday,- is accurate, Baer has afforded 'another example of the engaging veracity for which
he has been known to the American
people for a. generation. ,
H« denied ever having signed his
famous "God Mn. His infinite Wisdom",
letter.   ,
However, a photograph of the'let-
atO   uj   banreuais* e.j. Suipnpui 'jo;
handwriting of Baer, was taken at the
suggestion of the,  late   Henry     D.
Lloyid and is reproducel   in   Lloyd's
biography written by his sister and
published by G. P. Putnam's Sons. The
letter is as follows:
"Philadelphia  a,nd   Reading  Railway
"Company.- ' ;, -
"President's Office,
"Reading Terminal, Philadelphia.  ',,
■' ' ' *     .   "17th July, 1902.
"My. Dear Mr. Clark. , .
"I have your letter of the 16th instant.    ' v l    , ,
"I do not know who you are. I see,
that you are a religious man, but you
are evidently biased iri favor of the
right offthe workingman to control a
terest than to secure fair wages-for
the work-he does. • ■ _ ';...'
n"I beg you riot to be discouraged.
v-__     -' i
■ —     - -
'.'' ;The..Best Yet:'-.,.,'„'
Friday and Saturday
Comedy Acrobats
Barrel Jumping, Balancing, Funny Stunts
Scotch  Singing and  Dancing s
• --,.. *' • ■ ■
y  She does the Highland Fling
Three Reels of Pictures also
Special Friday
A Dramatization of: the Famous Novel,
by Mr. Henry WoodH
' -      -- . ■    •!.''.--     .       I     i.   v j _ -   '      •    -v.. .\      •     - - .;.--..
• Ml
-'    \J
Inside Property within Three Blocks from Postoffice and Depot
Towns That Must Grow
Humboldt, Sask.
A city in the making.
» o
The coming Hub of the West.
Has a Dominion Land Officer, Customs
House, Mounted Police Barracks, etc.
Divisional point on Canadian Northern main
line to Camrose and Calgary [between Winnipeg
and* Edmonton.]
Now is the time to invest in Humboldt for
the heaviest profit*
Vegreville, Alta.
Divisional point on Canadian Northern main
line to Camrose and Calgary (betweten Winnipeg
and Edmonton.)
\ ■ ' ■ ■
Natural gas has been struck in the town.
The town has a sash and door factory, a
machine shop, brick yards, lumber yards, roller
flour mills, four elevators, cold storage plant;
four implement warehouses, oil depots, etc.
Two banks, two hospitals, high school, public school, etc.
Vegreville is a centre for government buildings,
Vegreville ib an agricultural centre..
a .1
Lots $100 to $150, 10 per cent cash and 10 per cent monthly
You cannot help make money in any Western town if you don't buy too far out.
A call solicited ; will show you maps
Real Estate
M. A. KASTNER, Fernie
Fire Insurance
Life Insurance
t) \%
Mmttmmimitmmaue&IB&ata y.-i>yr
■ *■-. ~:~. V31-'.*.. J" r~
:. ■*!_«_.__$._
■   Sr   '.,      ... .   •-
"n-.-<~ .      »•"--.-•' •' •-"..*.-.
„ -_.<.>.-1
>T'.   *
Capital Paid Up.;r...' ...j 2,870,000s
.   Reserve and,Undivided Profits.....-;.. 3,500,000
Total Asset*,.....;. .._..,..  44,000,000
""■V-^ Just as asuccessfur merchant-make's every;
|,' effort'to" give his customers courteous, effi-*
'   cient attention/so do the officers of the Basic'
■7. of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
*-,revery, seryise. consistent -with conservative
\t banking practice/.      '"      ■'   .,;■.-■   j.'.'
y . ,No deposit'is too small to assure the'de-
. •' ..positor considerate treatment—the savings
7   accounts of those in moderate circumstances
are welcomed with courtesy/and with absence ,of undue formality which makes banking a convenience and a pleasure.     - '
F. B_ Roberts, Agfent:
r.     .j,
I o
fernie; b. c.
F. M. ThompsohCo.
*  ' ' ' " The Quality Store
. .  ,  OUR MOTTO.
The. right-goods.     The right treatment.     The right
.-,,■-. prices,' each and every time.
Pincher Creek Creamery Butter frohj the nearest
.   'vf-: creamery;:is always fresh and of the
X;   y- 'y. ''] FINEST QUALITY*  :y -y
The  Practical   Program
»   -"" XX y. . ,.       -By Morris Hillquit
of  Socialism
"^,   ,Be sure, to guard against the. ills of August
weather.   They come frequently with change
. of food, air and drinking water, causing dread
*■■**■"**summer cdri'iplaint::: ^r •"*" *■-■■ *■"■-*»■ -r^S^^-^.:**
>  Dr. Fowlef's Wild, Strawberry
Is a, veritable life, saver. Relieves colicpains,
stops diarrhoea and-quiets abdominal pains.
A popular and, effective  remedy.  .
35 cents the bottle
Bleasdell's Drug Store
"If the Socialists were in control-of
Congress,,,,what would be. the first
thing they would do?"
• This, is one of the questions most
frequently addressed.to the Socialist
propagandist.- On* the surface the
question seems .perfectly legitimate,
on closer analysis -„it { will be found
to be based on a misconception of the
Socialist" philosophy and a wrong notion of the established' course of social" and political progress.
' The: one great aim of all Socialists
is the sbcalizatlon of, the industries,
but that.is obviously-not the "first
thing" that Socialists in office could
attempt'to bring about. The collective ownership ■ of the social instruments of wealth-production cannot be
established by a single legislative enactment. Rather will It be the culmination of a long series of political
and industrial reforms of a socialistic
nature. 'These reforms will be numerous and varied in character and
scope. . Some of them will have to be
dealt,,.with, by Congress, others by
state legislatures or local political
units. ' The measures will .probably
not present themselves aways "and
everywhere in the identical form and
sequence. Accidental occurrences and
local conditions may force' different
Issues to the,front at different times
and places. To determine in advance
the ''exact succession 'of' proposed' Socialistic reforms would be an idle and
Utopian undertaking. The test of practicability of Socialist ..politics ,js not
-.whether the Socialists are agreed on
a! "first" practical .measure,- but whether .they present - a political program
comprehensive enough to meet all important social problems of' the day.
Tliey do..
The Socialists Party has" a very definite political program, which differs radically from the platforms, of
all other political parties in scope,
structure and contents,
"Politics a la Carte '•
•The'political.platforms of the old
parties are built largely;, on the same
plan as a menu a la>carte ita an opulent restaurant. They are framed to
meet all tastes and to satisfy-all-appetites. - Their" object .is to "catch
votes'—all kinds "of votes," and. each
Wo carry a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103       :*:        Frank, Alta.
wore tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at the Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
Because they are THE BE9T ON THE MAR-
t    . KET, that's why.
Buy them all tho time at
V fe*M iiNAHAMr fttsntgir * HON to 41 0
Lumber for ail
hero nt toy time and In any
auanlty. You cannot «wam_)
ut with a large order, or give
ui to iwall a ono thai. wo will
uot attend to it.
tor any kind of building you
" nay be at work upon. Have
ui Mad yon what you want
when you wmt tt
of their "planks" is designed to appeal to a special class of voters. The
manufacturers" arid the workers, the
railroads and the farmers, the'producers and consumers, the foreign-born
citizens and tbe negroes of the South
in turn7:rcceive,;promises> pledges^or-
compltments. • The platforms are' mainly adjusted to the minor "Issues" of
the hour and usually fight shy of the
more vital and permanent social problems of the nation. ■ The planks are.
often Inconsistent, ^'and' meaningless,
and are never cemented by-a'cohesive
social philosophy. There is hardly a
pledge in the platform of the Republican Party that-could not find legitimate lodgment in that of the Democratic Party, and vice-versa. Very
often It is a race between (^he two old
parties for the "strongest" issue, and
sometimes both endorse tho same
popular demands with varying degrees
of emphasis. It would be a vain tusk
to' attempt to distinguish tho social
philosophy of the Bryan -platform of
1008 from that of the Roosevelt platform of 1904, or that of the Parker
platform of 1004 from the Taft platform of 1912,
. Socialist Platform Built to Stay
' Tho political platform of the Soclnllst' Party, on tho othor "band, is
based on a definlto soclnl conception
and on a dominant and conulBtont political purpose, Tho Socialist aim In'
politics Is to bottor thb lot of the
workers, to curb tho liowor of tlio capitalist cIiibbos, to extend the soclnl and
Industrial functions of tho govomment
and to place tlio latter moro dlrcetly
In tho hands of the pooplo—all with
'tho ultimate object of transforming tho
prosont Industrial nnd political system Into a Boclnl democracy. Tlinuo
alms are formulated In concrete nnd
doflnlto planks or "domandg," which
constitute the lnvarlnb)o pollllcnl plat-'
form of Socialism, Tho Soolullut
platform may bo redrafted periodically
and Rronter prominence mny be glvon
to the Ibsuob surging to tho foreground
at n particular tlmo, but on tlio wholo
It Ib rixod nnd unchangeable, It
could not consistently be otherwise,
Tho Soclnllst Party was organized for
the nccomplUhmont of n definite social and political purposo, Its plntform Is but tho oxprooBlon of thnt purpose nnd n statement'of tho utopn by
which It li oxpoctod to bo realized, So
Il>.0      .. _       |.i,|t      VLHL.1LJJL,      I <.!.!_<,._.>      IttLUL.-
ro.v.pHtih.'d nnd co Innj; nn the party
adheres  to   Its   main nlm, principles
and method!, bo long mint tho bud.
itanoo of lti platform remain intact.
Ai the capitalist intoreiti become
tivo government gradually ceasoi to
be a government "of, for nnd by the
pooplo," and becomoi tainted with
clan blai, boiilam and corruption.
The lubvowlon of popular government
to the Intoreiti of tho jrrcat monoy
powere and their avowod representative! In politic! and government <■
growing more menacing wry year,
and li giving rlie to thc multiform
movement! for political feform within
and without tho oitabllihed political
organ lutloni,
The main current! of Buch reform
movqinent* prorfPfl Bjong two line*.
The tint of theie U dlrertod ngnlfiit
the personal unfltncw or corruption
of individual office-holders or politicians. To this class of reforms belong all sporadic movements of tho
good citizens to "turn the rascals out
of office," which furnish the periodical political excitements in local elections.' The recent enthusiasm for the
Commission Form of Government, in
cities, -tor the Short Ballot in local,
state and national elections, and all
similar movements, are only practical
applications, iri different forms,_of the
same ''good men" theory in politics.
They are based on the belief that
good" officials make a "good" government. They, assume that our present system pf voting for a confusing
mass of candidates for important and
trivial offices at every annual election, precludes the possibility of an indigent choice of public officials, and
they seek the'remedy" In a curtailment
of the list of elective officers and the
lengthening of their official terms.-
The Socialists attach but slight importance to these "good.government"
movements. " They hold tliat the paramount factor in politics Is measures,
not men—class interests, not personal
qualities, - .
The Republican and the Democratic
parties and every reform party organized by "respectable" citizens are
alike founded'on the present order''of
society, and consciously or 'unconsciously they stand for the preservation of that,order and for the domination of wealth. - They are managed
and financed by the possessing classes,
and their public officials spring from
these classes or are ' dependent ori
them for their careers. Whether they
are personaly good, bad or indifferent,
honest or dishonest, capable or incompetent, they are tied to the capitalist class by environment, training'; instinct and'-interest. Experience has
demonstrated time and time again
that "good government" is powerless
even to check simple crime and corruption in politics for any considerable
length of time. It is ludicrously ineffectual _as an instrument of betterment of..the'lot of the toilers.
1 .."-True1 Political Reforms
What the Socialists are striving for
is not a government of good capital-
_ists,_butia .government-Of; workers. for_
all workers. The more important
movements of political reform are
those concerned .with the permanent
improvement of political .'methods and
Institutions. These movements have
for their object the extension of the
It, or they aim to Increase the political power, of the people and to strengthen their control over their chosen
representatives. ,-. •
-..The National Platform of the So-,
clallst Party, .recently adopted at In-,
dlanapolis, contains the following political planks or "demands".
Unrestricted, and equal suffrage for
men and women.
The adoption of the Initiative, referendum and recall and of proportional
The abolition of the Senate and the
veio power of the President.    ,
■. The election of the President and
the Vice-President by the direct, vote
of the people.
The abolition of the power usurped
by the Supreme Court of the United
States to pass upon the constitutionality of legislation enacted by, Congress.
National laws to be repealed only by
act of Congress or by a referendum
vote of the majority of the voters	
The extension of Democratic Government to all United States territory,
The Immediate curbing of the powers of the courts to Issue Injunctions
In labor disputes.
.The free administration of Justice,
• The calling of a convention for the
revision of the Constitution    of   the
United States, L
Three Cardinal Political Planks
All thoflo moafliiroa nro osBontlnl,
but ln practlco tho SoolallBtB lay particular BtrosB on throo of thoBo domanda: Womnn Suffrngo, Proportional HoproBonlntlon an'I Restriction
of tho Powers of Uui CoiTti,
Tho Soclnllst Party w.ih Uio first political parly In thlB or In nny othor
country to declare nnoqMlvocnlly for
tho full and onual right of all adult
women to voto In popular elections and
to hold publlo office,, and It hn» fully
established tho prlnclplo of political
box equality within its own organizations, Womon constitute a mibBtan-
tlal part of thn nctlvo membership
of the Socialist Party.and thoy uro
always generously roprtiionted on Its
locturo platforms and In Ita' oxocutivo
Kiuiiclia ana couvtiuilOUH.
Thc jir.._c__.e pf YroixnihiM. Jlq.i<-
sontntlon Is a vital artlclo of the SoclallBt political faith on ground! of
expediency ns woll no principle. The
SoclallBt Party Is n minority party and
-. >..£_4 iiii'ij.      A* A. Ui-UV)iit>  t>_u_.   i\.
Ii practically deprived or representation under tho prevailing lyitom or
election by loglslntlvo dlitrlcts of single conitltuonelei. In tho CongroM-
lonul election* or 1010 tho total number or votes cnit for all pnrtlr* wnn
about H.OOO.OOO. or these the SoclallBt Party received ov*r flOO.nno, or
about 4.8 prr cont. On thli d'bbIs tho
pirty wai entitled to wventeon out
of three hundred and nlnety-ono mem*
ben of tho Houie or Representatives.
It had only one. Assuming that <hr
Socialist voto Is ovonly distributed nil
over tho country, which Is very hw'ly
the .««», we mny conceive of it Blliift-
tlon, where with a political itrtiiKth
equal to one-fourth or even a full third
of the voting power of the country; it
may remain without representation or
voice'in Congress. And the situation
isisimilar with reference to our state
legislatures and city councils.   .
The.objectlon most frequently raised to the system of proportional representation Ib; that it would tend to
enhance the Importance bf political organizations as against the personality
of the individual candidates. But in
the eye3 of the Socialists this is rather
an argument in favor of the measure
than against it. For the . Socialists
consider their party first of all as the
political instrument of the working-
class struggle. The Socialist Party
as- such formulates the political demands of the movement, conducts the
campaigns for their enactment, and is
accountable to the workers for the results of its policies. The candidates
of the party are ■ merely its agents,
agents with restricted powers and
specific mandates. '
'The principle,of proportional representation Is directly, opposed   to   the
philosophy underlying the growing movement for direct or popular primaries
within the organizations of the old parties.     The Republican and Democratic parties are not separate^ by class
lines.     As between themselves they
have • no   distinct*, missions  or  functions.     Their separate organizations
only tend to develop political "rings",
and "bosses" for the appropriation and"
distribution of political plunder. Hence
the. desire of the respectable citizens
to abolish party organizations and conventions and to place the nomination
of candidates', practically the sole function of the old political parties, in the
hands of the voters.     To the militant
Socialists  a . movement' to  eliminate
their party organization would-appeal
with the same force and conviction as
a proposal' to,- suspend military order
and discipline would commend itself
to an,army in .battle.
-   The curtailment of the powers of
our courts is probably the most fundamental political measure advocated by
•the. Socialists.     No free nation has
ever permitted a small group of men
to set'aside its laws and to nullify the
expressed^will^of"the*7eopIe:     These"
extraordinary powers are the distinctive attribute of absolute arid autocratic sovereignity.     So long as the
people of,the United States will leave
their ultimate political and social destinies "at the mercy of nine men, ap-
poihted: for'life" and ofteh'out; of touch
and sympathy with the needs, strug-
ges and inspirations of the great masses, so lori'g<will our "Bel_-gover.nmA_t"
be a shairi and our "derno'cracy" a delusion.    ■
.The great modern .problems can be
solved peacefully and rationally' only
by a people free to shape its own des-'
tlnles, arid to model and remodel its
institutions without the arbitrary interference of a few old men nourished by
tho musty legnl wisdom of the dead
past.. The Socialists therefore consider the radical reformation of our judiciary systom a condition precedent to
all true measures of social reform..
Industrial Reforms
Tho political planks In the Socialist
platform aim to establish a closer connection between the pooplo and'(heir
chos'on representatives and to extend
tho (llroct participation of tho eitlzoriR
In tho government. Hut tho Socialists do not overestimate the Importance of political roforniB. Politics Is
not govornmont, lt Ib only tho machinery ot govomment. Tools In thorn-
boIvoh, and bo thoy ovor bo liigonloun
and apt ,aro entirely devoid of valuo
unloHH uppllo.l to the production of ho-
dolly URoful commodities. Universal
adult Hiirfrago, direct lobulation and
control uf publlo officii.!., urn the tools
of democracy. They are of the highest importance and value if used for
the enactment of measures to improve
the every-day lives of the people and to
increase their general happiness. They
are purely ornamental otherwise.
'The Socialists are vitally interested
in all measures calculated to enhance
the material welfare and to raise the
intellectual level of'the workers. They
believe that the task of transforming
modern capitalist society into a Socialist commonwealth rests primarily
on the workers, and they realize that
this gigantic historical task cannot
be accomplishel by a class of physical
and mental weaklings, but that it requires the organized and persevering
efforts of large, masses of men arid
women physically, mentally and morally fit to assume the reins of government The Socialist efforts to raise
the standard.of the workers' lives are
therefore not based on mere humanitarian or sentimental motives. They
are an organic part of the practical
work of Socialism, an Indispensable
... -~y-»
' ■ " ■ \ -• ' . : . ff-
r -'
condition of the progress and ultimate
success of the movement.     The plat-7
form of the Socialist   Party   contains
the following comprehensive "demand"
under this head:.,,
The conservation of human resources, particularly of the lives and well-
being of the, workers and their families: „   .
1. By shortening the work day, in
keeping with the increased productiveness of machinery. - '
2. By securing to every worker a
rest period oto not less than a day and
a half in each week. ,  v
3. By securing a more effective in-
spection of workshops, factories and
4. By forbidding the employment of
children under sixteen years of age.
5. By the co-operative organization
of industries in federal penitentiaries
and work-shops for the benefit of conT
victs and their^dependents. *
6. By    forbidding    the   interstate
(Continued on page 4)
Next to Fernie Hotel
from $15.00 to $50.00.
1 Cleaned
-Sea&tw Derbyshire, of Broekrille, O&l-.writM
r    f   4   "' i * S
To tho Proprietor! of Peju.
I am very pleased to expreaa my Wgb opinion of yonr  "
preparation.  Bomo time ago I contracted a very bad cold,
whleh settle di on my lunga and bronchial tnbea.  I almoat
. loat my voice, vas constantly coughing, and experienced
consideiable pain.
A friend offered mot. box of Pepi and X tried them. X,
was very much pleated wltb thoir almost Instant action.
. They seemed to go direct to tho sore places,stopped tho,
coughing, and made my breathing easier.' I continued their
use for a short time, and thoy completely mured my cold.
Bince then, on one or two occasions, when X have contracted
a bad cold. X have uiod them, and each time the result hae
been eaually satisfactory.
My wife has had an experience somewhat similar, and
although neither of us believes ln vory much medicine-taking, we regard Peps in a olass by themselves, and sneh a
handy effective remedy, that we always keep a supply In
the house.
Senator*   4
^ Brockville, Ont.
Pops are small pastilles containing certain medicinal intrredlente, whloh
when placed upon the tongue immediately turn Into vapor, nnd are breathed
down tho air passoaes to tho tonus. Oa their journey thoy soothe tho Inflamed and irritated membranes of the bronchial tubes, tho delicate walls of
tho air passages, and finally cuter and carry relief and healing to tbe capillaries aud tiny air sacs In tlio lungs,
In a word, while no liquid or solid oan get to tlio lungs and nlr passages.
Peps .urnos got thero direct \ and at onoo oommenco thoir work of healing,
AU druggists and stores sell Pops at BOc,
a box or post frco from Peps Co., Dupont Street,
Toronto for prlec. Sond lc. stamp for trial
packo. and booklot telling all about Pops.
O   <$ Q
rX-ji r"«f- JI
VmiCnn Buy "DOMINION PRIDE" RANGE At Factory Price
Dlrcel from The Lara*** Malleable Ranoe Works In Canada t
IP vou want to t*.e from tn to ly>, and st the tame time get tht moit MtW.ietory klteben rangdtnide, write
for our Catalogue ind look into the merit* of the "DOMINION PRIDK," at from fci to U9-
If we told you Identically the utne range in Ibe usual wiy, through a duller, you would hive to pay
front ffa to *7fl fer it,   Von would b# paying two extra profit!— to wlioleuler snd retailer—which would add
(,>5 to $30 lo the cut. ol ycm. i«njje, .ml kbMituuty nuimng _o
tl Vllui,
B-tldM CMtlu tnncti Uu thin other ._•»« ]■ III cUit, the
"DOMINIOK PSUiit" li mnch more Mtl-ftetory. It U tout* of i»uit,.
•tr*M, aulkaVU Inm Md tht Wit Mm i»H«W (|«^-mttitlil« which will
wrt want, wmv er W**b.
Tht petUhtit tttil _•_• not nt«<! bUckltf-i1
HWHwmwtww m wwmw ww»
"TH iwiulM el
the Cask SlftM"
TXUS     ttXMlt
tht .fmt the
Jevi pwttltri
Into thl ptt to t*ll
tl. Jt tlio UIU III
•hrtiil "tMmlfito*
Prldi" Kin*!.
Whtthir m nnd
■ ntift Jail new
or tot yo« wilt
rt Joy ittdltr thl*
Writi ttr tot Cier,
mmmmmmu mmmmmmmmmm * «w_wd
ht pom nm ittii dtti not ••««. DUtkltf-ilwply rut1 It owwllht
cloth,  With Hi cold rolled Hit I r»lttt o. _n-M_tloi.il (rot Art.boi lltltf,
..—.___   ._.  .... ■-* Sum llurf with t«l»tito»-tht
with tlr thimWt-tn<t douMfwilIrd fluti
"DOI....TON Minr." Ittt.fmi.it ♦mnomlri! r__»t*y<.»<-*■-iinr.
uiu In*, proved thn It utm t.tr 30% •_.«_-. bumltf tlihir wood
•r coil.
k "nOU!M.OH r»IDR" ti«|ttwllh hl|h clout ihilfnd ».mt-d
titk tr -Iuih itttrrolr, with tine ihr.t l» go ttdrr rttft, I tcctlttt
blut poll-h. <l ttttl plpr ltd two tlUowl, will tit dtllftrrd lo «*y itillts la
Oatirlo, Qutbce tt lot Mirlt.mi Vro.lacti for t4t. or to tty itttlon tt
tht lour WMlirarrotttCftfo. f.»~J5 tobtt«»l»U-»ordirt»db*Utrtto
be ptld wbtn tht Rttnt Udtllnrcd tt your itttlon. U _*t mmMittt to
p*r Mdk wt wQI trruft It «M«»t wm* «•!«,
Canada Malleable & Steel Range Mfg. Co^ Limited, Oshawa, Ont
WV«a wiUhe U wltt U t _ktUnt .»»•» U ut If you wUI maullon tUi »•»•*. T
":' .i.
•' ~y.
.Jv.mSI »w**A«»
ya--,- ■
-.  .r.V'l
.,.■ -.•Fr*li
i»u i _ i ■'
'<?,-. Ul.
* *J!*_f*_:
:.;.--v_ .-„'
Stephen L. Humble
Dealer  in     ( '.,'' x ,
Hardware, Stoves & Ranges
Fancy Goods and Stationery
P. V. WHELAN, Manager.
Rates $2.00 and up
Hot and Cold  Water
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
.   'Phone In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special Rates by the week and
the month arid to Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday
{diseases of men}
By Wilfrid Grlbble
9   1 positively euro three-fourths o;
•all thc'cas.s that nn: absolutely in"
-curable by any methods other than*
§thos>. 1 employ. 1 do not cure \vho||
Alias treated you or how long or by A
Jwliat means he has treated you,!
■the probability is tlmt I can cm-er
Avon, and I' will be able to speakj
sdefmitoly in the matter when I
fknow the derails of yonr case.
Write for Free Book
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine .clerks.
• • _
$ -
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
If you fcan't  cull at my office
write foi1 my book, which describes!
jiny method.    All letters are given,
^special attention.1 *
210 Howard St., Spokane, Wash.
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
One is often told, when endeavorim
to stir up soine member of the working  class   to  thought .  and    action:
"Things have aiways been as they- are.
and they always will he."
' This is often said by members of
labor unions—if true, why do they belong ,to labor union's, which are endeavoring to change things, tc better
conditions, i '.       -        >   x
It is often said-by church members,
who go to church on Sunday and pray,
'"Thy will be done on earth as it is
in heaven."
1 Why do such pray for something on
Sunday and say on Monday that it can
never' be?
But it is not true that things remain
the same.
Change is ceaselessly taking, place,
throughout the universe.    -
Change is ceaselessly taking place in
organic life—vegetable life, animal life.
Change is taking place ln social life.
Knowledge is power and we must
understand the reason for social
changes, because as we are allnmembers of society, units in society, those
changes affect us for good or ill, and
if we understand how, we can be intelligent instruments in the hands of
natural forces expressed in society and
direct the change in the way most advantageous to us.
In short, Ave can do what we choose,
no matter what, whon there are enough of us who know enough and combine to do what we want.
Now, what do we want? .Incidentally
some may- want what others do not
care anything about; for instance, the
writer is very fond of a game of billiards and has just asked Parm Pettipiece if he likes, the game and finds
R. P. P. is nol, a bit struck on it.
But we are both fond of good food,
good clothes and a good place to live
in and are not so fond of work thtit we
are-desirous of working harder than
is necessary to get these things.
That about ^states tho position of all
of us.
Now it seems'to the writer the thing
to do isvfor those-who have the same
interests,, who'.;want the same things
- -l       - - '       ["        -.        l-t     <   Vfl ', -.-.'. ,'.'
done, is to get,.together"and'. do;,what
they want" done whenever they have
developed the'strength' tQrdb;it. what-"
e\er it,is they/want' done," regardless
of -'what stands'in the way.and of'whe-
evel' should object to\the;action-;the-
<ake. -' ,y'    -■;«''.- "'"77:' ,,
Now, what is the actionBwhiohj_iu!_£
betaken?   . ' v" .    7  ,'   '-7777X7
Of course,, action is • already., tieing
13 A. *«. I I>4G
Tt6__"&"Ma^ay _____*'
$3.50  RECIPE  FREE,
For Weak Men   .
Cigar Store
Wholesale and Retail
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
I-Iaztilwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE. B.C.       Phone-34
Nowhere tn the Pass can be
found in such a display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
Send Name and Address Today
You Can Have it Free and
Strong and Vigorous
I have ln my possession a prescription
for nervous "debility, lack of vigor,
weakened manhood, falling memory
and lame back, brought oa by excesses', unnatural drains, or the Collies ot
youth, that has cured so many worn
and nervous mon right In their own
homes—without any additional help or
medicine—that I thlnlc evory .nan who
wishes to regain his manly power ond
virility, quickly and qulotly, should
have a copy. So I have detnrmlntid to
send a copy. So I havo determined to
charge, In a plain, ordinary sealed oiive
lope to any man who will write me for
'This prescription comes from a physician who has made a special study of
mon and I am convinced lt ls tho purest-acting combination for th,i euro of
deficient manhood and vigor failure
ever put together,
I think I owe It to my follow man to
sond thorn a copy In confidence so that
any man anywhere who Is woak and
discouraged with repeated failures
may stop drugging himself with harmful patent medicines, secure ' what I
bollovo Ir tho nuiokoHt-nctlnf? rostora-
tlvo, upbuilding, SPOT-TOUCITINC! romody over devlsod, and so euro hlmsolf
at homo qulotly and quickly,' Just drop
me a lino llko this: Dr, A. ].. Robinson, .007 I.uck I-ulldlng, Dclroll, Mich,,
and I will sond-you a copv of thin
splendid recipe In a plain, ordinary envelope free of charge. A great many
doctors would charge $8.00 to $R,00 for
moroly writing out a proscription Mco
this—but I sond It entirely free.
taken by the labor unions' to endear, r
to increase .wages, tb retard tlie fall of
wages, to shorten hours, to better con-,
dltlonsi." -/This is as it should -be. This
is indispensible under "the wage'sys-,
tem.. .But this' kind of action','while'
mitigating, will never solve, y l ' "•-,
The Socialist position,' which Is the
position of, the writer, is that the action which must eventually be "taken
by the mass of the workers istb-'de-'
prive the capitalist of their class ownership of the.means^of life by bringing about social ownership with 7 its
consequent social control, with production for use in place of production
for porfit. . . '
That this can bo done, thatcif must
be done, is plain to the writer.
How lt ls to be done is also quite
simple—get enough to do it and then
do it.
Simple asrfalllng off a log! But we
will never have enough to do it until
enough know' what is the matter.
We who know what Isi the matter
must ceaselessly impart our knowledge
to those who do not know. ,
We did not know once, but were
capable of learning and did learn.
They do, not know now, but are capable of learning and will learn.
, It is a matter of time, but not only
.a matter of time, for as time flies our,
lives fly, and there is something spoiling our lives to_.a great extent right
now and will continue to make.our
lives still less enjoyable the longer that
■'something" lasts.- "     ■    '
That" "something" is' the capitalist
system, which only exists by consent
of the workers., ,
The workers only consent because
they ' don't know any better.
There is only one  thing wrong.
There is only one thing which stands
in the way of & change. , ,      .        '
Everything is-ready for the change
from class to social ownership but one.
The working class is not ready because they donjt know enough to be
ready. -        .
The working class is an'intelligent
The proof of tiiese statements?
Look around you and see the proof-
.every last bit of'wealth you see was
form start to finish, produced by The
7f hose buildings—built by the work-
THIS      <
i Label"
**c i:
«=» OVV-D'BR'
■     "mm-
no more
than the
The only Ba._i__g Powder
made in Canada that has
alL its ingredients plainly
printed on t __e label.
For economy we recommend the one nound cans.
The Practical Propni
of Socialism
(Continued from page 3)
, _>
transportation or. the products of child-
labor, of convict labor ?and, of all uninspected factories and mines.
7.   By'abolishing the?profit system
ships—constructed   by0" the'
-the' workers pro-
Livery, Feed
and Sale Stables
Plrirt r-.tn_.fi Homm, tor !.«.».,
Buyt Hortet on Commlilon
Gw>i-g_i Barton
nioiib io
A Flash of
In just ns likely to strlko
tlio houno ot tho uninsured
mnn ns Hint of IiIb moro prudent noiiilikor. No building
Ih Immune.
Better Have
Us Insure
you nnd hnv«. i\ llirhtn.nn;
drumo nt Inched \o thc policy,
Tb«>n you needn't worry «very
tlmo tlioro Ib a tlimulorBtorm.
KYNoRms op co.ir, .iii.vin..
COATj mlnlmr rlwlifs of tlift linmln-
lon, In Manitoba, H»Hkatohnw-in and
Alburn., tho yuUon Territory, Uio Nurlh
WoHt Turrltorli'H nml In a portion of
the Provlneo of Urlilsli Columbia, mny
lm Ipiih.mI for a lorm of twoiiiy-ono
yoni'H nt an annual run tal nf tl nn naro,
Not mot'o than 2,SCO acrwi wll lio UmH(^l
to une applicant.
Application fur n loaau must l;u mndo
hy tlm applicant In purimn to thn
AKont or Siib-AtftnU of th_ dUtrlnt In
wiiluh tl.onrlKlits nppllod for aco ultuat-
oil. .
In Htirveyod torrltory the land mu_l he
iIckitII). d by nc.'ti.iiiii, nr iDgal anli-dlvl-
HloriN nf HcctlnnK, nnd In unMirvryorl
li'ii'ltory tlio tract nppljoil fur hIiuII ho
Htnldnl out hy tho npplli.'iint lilinnolf,
Kneli nptlcatlon mimt ho accnmiianloil
by a foil of IS which will bo rufundud If
tlm rlirht* appllod for aro not avnllnlile,
but not otherwlie, A ruynlty ihnll be
pnld on tho moroliantobln output of the
ml no at the rato nf flvo oontx por ton,
. Tlm nonon opcrnilntc tho mine ihall
furnlnh the Agent with eworn returni
ncponntlng for thn full nuiuitlty or mnr*
ohnntnble coal mined nn dpay thn roy
    " If   tho   oonl   mlnln
Kvery eonvenlinct nnd eemfert« Jutt
Ilk* being at home,   On* block
from Pott Of_le#.   Cti.tr*
•Hy located
H. A, W1LKC9,   -   Proprietor
PILLATAVB.    -    •    •     PIRNIIL
Sole Agent for Fernie
nlty   tlioreon.      ..    .
rlirhtn   nro  not   bol hit  operated,
rMtirnw  ehnuld   bn  fiirnlNlir.fi  nt
onrn a year.
Tho Innna will Inoludn tlto onnl mlnlnu
rlffht* only, but the IftODit may be per*
mlttod to nurohMo whntovor avnllnblo
leeiinry for the working of theI Vine
• fit Hie rntr nf IlliiOn im ntrc
Vor full Information application
*liould b« made to tlm Hicrul&ry ct th*
Depnrtment of the Interior, Ottawn. or
jo eny A«.ei.t or 8ub*ARent of I>om1n'
Inn I.nndii.
W. W, Cory.
/   Deputy Mlnlntur or the Jn.ortn:".
f.r.       *f    ...II   ,_-!,.     t,.     ti.    .,. .   t,  I.
adYerll-U-meht will not bis nald'roVr "
16.    Vf.   WJIJDOW80N, A»mv« and
Chemlit. Pox Q 1161, Neleon. R C
ChtrgM:—Oold. ttttrtr, Uid«r Copper,
ft f+eii. Ckt«>KII<r«r. «r mi**r-l.+*A,
11.10, Prteee fer other mettte: Coat,
cami-ut. Ftrs'Jtn-y <tnali'«>5f on npptr'V.-
Uon, The iftrgeit euitont fteifty Office
la BrllUh CeltMMt.
Professional Mid-Wife
, Wh«n In flpokano   nee   Dr. Mary
Hwnrti. gpttiiitlUt in Ih-iiihI*- 1'rouble*, i
Kxpftrt confinomnnt    rnioi;    good
homo for pntfon.t.
Dr* Mnrv Swarts
Ouf. ma Bib., 106. Pett At., tor. River*
tldtt tpokane, Wa»h,
Workers.        •
Thqse motor cars-
duced them.   „'■"..
That food, those railways, those fabrics, those musical instruments, those
billiard tables,-those books, ;thoae machines; all, everything, right back'to
the,rawest-of raw materials, produced
by the working class and the working
class alone.
Ah! It takes an intelligent class to
do that, ■•
But after doing it all, they, as a
class, have nothing.
,The working class, as a class, have
nover owned anything,
Tho working class will'never own
Human beings can only bo classed
on property lines and as long as we
have classes, tho owning class will own
practlcnlly everything and the working clnsB practlcnlly nothing.  '
Classes ln society must bo abolished,
and only the workers cnn tlo tl.ls. thoy
alono havo the need; they alono can
develop tho incentive, tho lntolllKonco
and the power to bring about the futuro ordor of socloty,
As Shelly snld mnny years ago, ap-
penlliiB to tho workors of England to
rise in-revolt ngalnst their ninntnrs:
"Mon of England, (Labor),   heirs   of
Heroes of unwritten story,
Nurslings of ono mighty mothor,
Hopes of hor nnd ono another1-
lll'so like lions nftor. slumber,
In  iinvaiii|iil»liublo number,
Shnlte your clinlns to onrth like dew,
Which lit sleep hnd fnll'n on you,
,Vo are many, they are few,"
In lho Inst lino Shelly 'touched tlio
H|iot"-.wo workers cnn do what \v<5
llko whon wo know enough. ..
We workers havo tho potontliil power
In uh whlcli will hocomo actual power,
when wo dourly ronltao our clnns In*
toroBtH, nml, whon wo DO, wo will
put nn ciuf'to n system tinder which, In
n world of plenty, we produco ovory*
thing und hnvo nothing, under which
we work without living thnt others
might llvo without working, undor
which we suffer tliat othors might on*
WM mum do thli.; wo must not loavu
to the other follow; wo must not think
thnt lender* can do things for tu, We
who w'f* "nnmolhtrif nhrtiild Jin dm..."
must holp to do thnt something. Bomo
of us nro alrondy doing our bent; It U
"up to",you who are not to fall In line
by helping yourself, by helping the
working clnss out of wage-slavery and
eventunlly nhnring (n the freedom thnt
shnll result from Its abolition,
Don't lenvo it to othere, follow worker, do your shnro.
StrlKo a st.ndy pneo, nnd koop thnt
pace; (Ida Ih better thnn M.nimodlc
UU I* .iW.-t. Aral time _& pvwlout.
Make the most of life. >
Tl;*> i,_*,_,t oi' Ufa inn l>u ii_mU> untU.
r iy«tcm of alnvery only by fl^htl"*
for freedom.
in government work, and substituting
either the'direct hire "of( labor or the'
awarding of contracts to co-operative
groups of workers'.       -
8. By establishing minimum wage"
scales. ■
9. By abolishing official charity and
substituting, a non-contributory sys-,
tem bf insurance by the state of all
its members against unemployment
and invalidism and a system of__ compulsory insurance- by employers of
their workers, without cost to the lat-
dents and death. -
- The most important of these measures from a Socialist point of view are-
those dealing with the shortening.of
the labor time and with the.system'
of "social insurance" of' the "workers.
A shorter workday would tend to solve
at least-partly the problem of unemployment and at the same time and for
the same reason to increase "the aver-'
age wage.    It would give to the worker more time to live, think and enjoy,,
and would broaden his political,, social and spiritual Interests.'   It would
also contribute largely to the curtailment of th9 evil, of child-labor.   Government Insurance of tho workers, in
cases of unemployment, accident's, sick
ness, invalidity and old age would tend
to romovo the most dreadful feature of
the life of the modem wage-worker—
tho uncertainty of existence, tho fear
of the morrow.    Under present conditions the unfortunate workor who hnB
boen maimed or hns gradually lost his
youth, health and strength In tho service of. his fellowmen is 'morcHossly
cast nsldo nnd nllowod to starve nnd
porUh by degrees.    Under n system of
govornmont. Insurance, sooloty would
tnko care of tlio victims nnd votornns
of tho  largo, llfo-BtiBtalnlng army'of
workers nB It now provides for tho victims  and  vetornns  of  donth-doallng
warfares?     Tho menmiro Is not n Soclnllst Utopia, for systoms of Boclnl
insurance along the lines Indicated, In
more or less perfect form, are In nc-
tunl oporatlon In nlmost nil ndvnnced
innflorn  rnmitrlos except, tho.United
Bluies.       „ "'
Administrative Measures
Whllo seeking to soourn nil noodod
meiiHtiroB of Immediate pollllcnl nnd In-
itm, the Socialists nlso endeavor to extend the sphere of tho soclnl nnd economic functions of tlio Clove rum ont.
The Boclnllst plntform (leninndn.
i, Tho collective ownership nnd do-
mocrntlo mnnngomont of rnllronds,
wlro nud wlroloBs tnlogrnplm nml tolo-
phonoH, express sorvlcoH, stenmbont
linos nnd nil othor social monnB of
transportation and communication and
of nil largo scala Induutrlos,
2. Tho Immediate ocqulromont by
tho nitinlnlpnlltleft, the Btntos or tlio
federal «avornnu>nt of all grain elevators, stock yards, slontgo warehouses
nnd othar distributing agencies, In order lv muu.u tuo jiiviK.ul. v'Xustuu-iuU;
a*'l if JJvlBi'.
3. Tho extension of tho public domain to Include minus, quarries, oil
wolls, forests nnd wntor-power.
4. The further conwirvatlon nnd do-
the "appropriation^y^taxa'tion'of the
annual rental value pf all land held for
speculation^ .-•'• 7 .y „ -7-~ .77'
7 6'. The collective'ownership;and.democratic' 'management ,of, the-.banking
and currency.'systemt'7-7'>.- ' .. '>"
'".'' _The immediate government',,relief bf theVnemployed'by, the extension
of'all useful public works.' All;persons employed on'such works.^tq be engaged directly by the Government un--
der,a work-day of not-more than eight
hours and not less than prevailing, union wages. * The Government also'-to
establish employment bureaus; tb lend]
money to ^state's and municipalities
without interest for the ' purpose of
carrying on public'works, and. to" take
siich other measurs .within its power
&b\ will ■ lessen the widespread misery
of .the workers caused by. the misrule
of .the capitalist class.. u . ' .
. ,8.' .The adoption of a gradual income
tax, the increase of the rate of the present corporation tax and the extension
of Inheritance taxes, graduated ln proportion to, tho nearness of kin—the
proceeds of these taxes to be employed
ni' the socialization of Industry.    .   .
Of all' the planks of the Socialist
platform. those just quoted would naturally seem most closely alied to the
utlmnto aim and social Ideal of the Socialists.    As a matter of fact they are
not.     The Socialists entertain nov Illusion's as to the benefits of government
tally owned Industries under the present, regime.   'Government ownership
is often Introduced not as a democratic measure for the benefit of .the peo-
ple.-but as a fiscal measure to provide
revenue.for the government or'to'facilitate its military operations.1   In such
cases government ownership may tend
tb strengthen rather than to, loosen thc
grip of' capitalist governments on the
people, and its effect may be decidedly
reactionary.-      Similarly   government-
ownership is often advocated by inld-
dle-class ".reform" parties for the main
purpose of decreasing   the '• taxes   of
property owners  and  reducing rates
of freight, transportation and communication for smaller business men." "";
The Socialist demand; for   government ownership of industries of a public; or   quasi-public\ nature,- springs
from different motives   and : contemplates a different system than the similar demands of other parties.'   The Socialists advocate   government .'owner-;
ship • primarily for the purpose of eli-.,
minating private profits from the operation of public utilities, and'conferring
the benefits of such industries on the
employees and consumers.    Their .demand for national or municipal ownership of industries is always' qualified
by a provision for the democratic ad:
ministration of such industries and for
the application of the ..profits to the
the improvement of the service.''"" Furthermore,! it must -be, borne-in-'mind
that when the Socialist, platform declares in favor of .government ownership cf certain industries, the Socialist
Party at the same time nominates candidates for public office pledged- to
carry out these measures In the spirit
of 'that .platform..   In   other, words,
what the Socialists advocate is not
government ownership   under   purely
capitalist administration, but collective
ownership under   a   government controlled, or at least strongly influenced
by ,political, representatives  .of    the
working class.
The measures so faT discussed do
not oxhaust the practical "demands"
or tho.Socialist Party. For whlle,,the
party Ib primarily concerned with tho
relief of the workers, Its endeavors do
not end tlioro. Tho ■ SocInllBts nre
deeply Interested In all mensuros of
soclnl progress and nntionnl wolf nro,'
• Thus the SoclallBt plntform contnlns
plnnkB In favor' of tho nbBoluto freedom of press, Bpeoch nnd nssemblngo;
tho ennctmont of further mensuros for
general education nnd partletilnrly for
the vocational education In UBoful pur-,
suits; tlio ennotment of additlonnl mon-
snrcB for the conservntlon of the public health nnd tho creation of nn liule-'
pendent Unrenu of Honlth.
The Nntionnl plntform of tlio'Soclnllst Pnrty Ib supplemented by stnte
nml mtinlqlpnl platforms, which nre nl*
general.principles!yq'-the. ,*__jaxrowe§k -y,-J
spheres of-th'el. "respective functions^.'-''
and",jur_sdictions,7and together ,.theyv*f,-7-'.
constitute ..'logical, ccbnsistVncy jindyy;
comprehensiveness that the' strength p"f ' ; '"
the Socialist platform Jie8.rv.The:-se-^v7-.''.;
parate practical7measures; advocated;-*;,;-" •-
by,,the • Socialists'are. often .trivial; In^y.'j-.
comparison Xv|th the lofiy ultimate" aim   y;'
bf-themovement.- . Some'of.them may,.. J'..".
'even occasionally be founds dup\icated;s,y '
in the platforms of other political par-7: ,.
ties. , Not one of Ihem, s.tandihg alone/'- .•//;
has 'a.distinctive \Soclalist,;characterU_ 77
But taken in'Its e»tlrety?the Socialist_7;- ■■
platform .presents, astrlking "and;radl-;..
cal departure frointhe1 platforms of all
other political parties, and J>earsnhe
unmistakable' imprint oflthe- Socialist;*'
thought and endeavors.—The Mettopo;;'1
litan Magazine",- '',  ' ; .-" 77. "'-! -• •*.' ■ -
tS- \x
' o   "
A. McDougall, Mgr»
Manufacturers of and Dealers hi all kinds of Rough .
s" * it'
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
fi 0 T E L
.. c ■
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
. j
a  ;.
«     ,     V|J-
in and
us once
■ — ■	
ways concrete nppllcntlons t_f tho biuiio
Onr MU|i|-Hc.l with   lho  lu'nl WIhoh, .
IjUjuovk nnd CIkiii'h
llio vlotlijn oN«rjy„lnill__ir_tl(in» »n_nAt8r e»
oosMi, wlio aro fnlluroo in lltu-you aro Uio
onwwe con rotoro to mMitiodu and .rov to
tlio npnrk of rncrtry and vitality. Don't it ye
uplndcipalrbooaiiM you lis?*,treat.d w th
other dootorn, iiuhI etnoirlo belts nnd trira
Rem#n_lMr we »bow tbe \mi pie*
ttir** In (AK-n And rhnn^ •''ally. Ornnd
Theft Uc.
", Vh1** I* _hhV'vW><*  W»   .♦•A'.'** u**.   k-^« •_•«■* * »»<..*   kV»     '.l*>-
uio and benefit of all the people:
(n) By iciontlllc forcjBlatlon and
timber protection,|
(h) Dy the reclrnnatlon of nrld and
awum;t tract*. ,
(c) Dy the atorage of flood water*
and the utilisation of water power.
(dl By the *toppngc of tho proaent
extravagattt ivn«tc of ihe aoll and of
the products of mines nnd oil wella.
(cj Dy the deu-lopment of highway and *. ttt«rwiij- ayatemi.
.".. . ce eullcrtive ownerahlp of land
wherever practicable, and. In catea
where rich ovnenhip la impracticable.
rarloui drug ntcre nortrumi,
OurNtw Milhed Trtklmml faft* tnatchod
hundnda from tbo brinlrofiiuMlr. bu re*
____■_..—■—)| (* hundredi. or homa -
utul man ot thoie who .
",Wf- preaorlba tMctnot.
tAlrldual cam aoooMlnf to Ui*
haamMO-_uM.uttu.maii ot thoie wh
for emoli
  M ...	
■ymptOTn* anil compllo»tlon»-wa have no
TMunc-nMllelnu. ThliUonaofUieiaontaot
our wonderful iuomhu. at our trtatmint oaa*
not fall, for w« nr»iorlb« ramodltii adaptad to
Mohlnamduai (MM. Only eurabtooaiM ao*
S*pt«d, Wo Ur* tfona bwlwMW UwwaM«|
Cauda for wr to Yoan,
if.   ilW    **.!.
Ar.rmi a'»lrUm'f Sln»p ywi Irrt
'   rayoutBtoadlnatoinai   *
o dltMUodrjteMfou
* <l
tjoiSOou, wrtto top aa hoaaai
do Hr rov. CMHattalMi J>m.
wto,hM'.y«»t«d7w_. wrtto j
eaj ou Mti«tMut Man*
Cor. Michigan Ave. ind GriswoidSiia Detroit* Mich.
t^MMMttellflTIf11!!1 All1rt»#«frw_iCanai.at-m_*ll)ea»li1rp-i«ei.
HH^NU I IvEi to owe OanadUn CJottetpondettce Itejwri.
|___^^F mmmmmmmm tnttrlln Wlpdior, Ont. Ii yen dealt* (0
ace ua petaonally call at mt Medical Iaatitate in Detroit aa we aeeaud treat
m pattaaU ia our Wiadaor oflScta which ar* for GomapondMct and
Ulwatonr tot Guaadfea bantnaaa only. A4dr.ia all latum w follows t
OR5L K1MODY _k KINNtOY, Wfarfaar, OaL
.*h*f far out***** mUmm, i^'l-1-
. "j ...
Sylryy S:.7-y_ 7    ,\, ■
JOiir Stock of Shoes
yls more complete than ever
■ Now is the time to be fitted!
1 ' ^ * _.        '
See our School Shoes
W. F. Muirhead & Co.
_ °
Eugene V, Defcsy-
Presidential Nominee
As an orator,. Debs .stands without
an equal in the United States.. '^1 say
this, having heard'every orator in the
United States who is worth hearing.
Besides him Bryan is as the moon's
beams are to sunlight. I have heard
Debs speak, every" ten minutes/ to
little crowds at stations through which
his campaign train passed. I have
heard him speak in .little halls,. big
halls, and in tremendous auditoriums
in New York; .butVever did. I'hear
him speak when-he did'not sway his
audience as the wind sways the leaves
of a tree, gently if he 'wished. And
the whole secret of his oratory, as he
DO IF .YOU.,WERE IN v   ,.•"
l< ■
MILWAUKEE,,,Wis., ' Oct.' U.-r'.l
smashed  the- window "because T "was'
hungry. t.> Yes,'"I reached in'and took
the watches and then I went and sold
them.- .,-'•■."       ■.-       ' "    ■ y
-    "Of course' I could have begged for
.easily. ■ I was just released from the
reformatory seven days ago, and my
.picture' and record is in the .hands of
. the police.; And so Lplead guilty."
., This is what-William .McDonald, 21,
arrested Monday nigh/, said to Judge
Backus in municipal court on Tuesday.
Early-Monday,  morning    McDonald'
threw ,a bricl.. through" the' show win-'
dow of a jewelry store,on East .Water
street.   "    . -   -,"   ": - . •
y "What was I-going to do?" demand-
. ed  McDonald.',y"Out\ of7 Green; ■ Bay
.•only a few,days, aiid without a cent.
.. Of course I could. have • begged for
■ outs, but; one gets tired of that:   '• I
.. wanted a few. cents in my pocket., -1
••wanted to be-ttble to.walk- into'Vres-
told ,him. "The present system is
wrong., ., There; should be-some .one
to help you after you gel out of jail
—to-,get a job'for you and to see that
■you have a place' to stay. I think that
is, the duty of tlie state.'!
, After , McDonald . was sentenced
Judge Backus declared .that he.believed'prison's iii the penitentiary and
reformatories should be paid reasonable wages, those of the married men
to go to their families, and of the
single men to be placed on deposit and
turned over to them upon their release,
that the.? might get a proper start. "
'      7 °   DOLLARS  IN  COAL
"TauWnF and^ordev" ancTeal _ a_.hearty
meal." , •   _ , ,'..,•
"„ McDonald, was sentenced    to    one
year in the house of correction—the
lowest penalty.    '•       '-t   .      -
.   "I am sorry for you,", Judge Backus
COALMOUNT, Oct. 14.—The.Cana-
dian Pacific Railway has decided to in:
vest,?_,000,000; in. the"Columbia- Coal
and7Coke Company's property at Coalmont. ■ y. ■'",/ . , . ■ •
, Facts concerning .'this deal as out-
lined by .tlie  Coalmont .Courier,  are
property,' and after going carefully- into the matter it was decided fo send
their: coal expert,'up here to' investigate and report.' He arrived about a
month ago and sent in a sufficiently
favorable report to induce 'the railroad directorate ' to take, mortgage
bonds to the extent of $1,000,000 in
the. property., ' - ■.'■■.
.^Development Work
0 The greater proportion of this increased capital will be devoted to the
further''development work'in a series
of tunnels to the head of the coal
As regards" shipping, the company
could ship on- a, small scale1 tomorrow, but-.prefer to go in for thorough
development »of ...the'' various seams
running in ■_ thickness • from four to
sixty feet'each.    7. .. ,r
Experts claim that 300,000,000 tons
of the highest bituminous coal can be
extracted from this' property, which
covers an area of ten square miles, being one of the largest bodies of commercial", coalo.yet discovered on the
North American continent.
as follows: y :•   . .\ ,,,
The Canadian Pacific. Railroad were
approached by the directorate 'of the
coal company- with .a view to the former company taking a substantial interest in the .working of this valuable
Financial   Statement   for   Last   Half-
Year Discloses Considerable
'•■   Profit Surplus
_.2,000 Tons Daily _u ,
- A plant of the largest type, capable
of handling ah output of 2,000 tons
a day of eight hours is to be installed immediately, and they will include
a modern coal washing 'equipment.
himself has said, is in believing" so
mightily in something vital that the
thing says itself.'
"Nothing pleases- Debs better, than to
gather the flowers' of language and
hand them to some one whom he
loves—and he loves everybody; even
those who hate him, Debs cannot express any pleasure moderately. ■ He
feels no pleasure moderately.' When
a public reception was given to him
upon his return-to Terre Haute, after
the'Great Northern victory! Debs did
not say, ."lam much obliged to' meet
you," but instead:   • .''■--
"As a rosebud yields to the tender
influences, of' a May shower, just' so
does my heart open to receive the expressions -.jof . gratitude and esteem
from you,'my friends and'neighbors."
Debs"'was married in 1885 to-Miss
.-Catherine Metzel—his "Kate," as he
in,.him,- idolizes him, works with him
and for him. Whatever she can do to
make his'- burden, lighter- she does.
They have no'children, so they havo
taken a,little nephew to live with
them.—'.Appeal to Reason."
'. The Western Canadian Co-Operative Tfading Company, Limited, haying applied for affiliation, has been
provisionally admitted by the General
Secretary' to tbe Co-Operative Union
of Canada. Tlie Society has been established nearly two years, but it was
considerably handicapped last year
owing to a long strike in the district.
This notwithstanding, the- financial
statement for, the semi-annual period
ending July 29th, which is to hand,
would indicate that satisfactory, pro-
press is being made, the profit and
loss account showing on the one side
n gross profit'of $1)808.14.- On the
other side the operating expenses are
glvon as salaries $308(5.55; taxes $75;
Insurance $64.25; Interest & exchange
..174.G0; advertising $119.60;' repairs'
to buildings and- "other" expenses.
$ 1077.43; cash discount to customers
$2061.26; book debts reserve $072.74.
and a not profit for the half year of
The balance sheet shows liabilities
to the' Canadian Bank of Commerce
?!)0S.30; due to creditors $22730.11:,
due bills and coupons outstanding
$•189.33; loan, $315; other liabilities
$,'.260.14; share capital $8118.45:
which, with the profit balance for the
half year of $877.30, amount to $36,-
tiflS.63. These liabilities are provided
for by assets'as follows, cash in'hand
$231.06; accounts receivable, less re-
serve for had debts, $12,61l.7S; insurance and taxes paid Tint unexpired
$307.86; • merchandise $1S,813.oO;
horses and wagons $245,00; stores and
office fixtures, $1,273.22; real estate
and buildings $3216.21.   '
We understand" that the sales for
the half yearly period amounted to
$56,000.00.—Tlie Canadian Co-Operator.
Organizers for the American 'Federation of Labor have been fined by order of the Steel Trust for the crime of
circulating literature among the slaves
of the mills. The case .will be appealed to' the highest court in-this land,
in order, to ascertain the rights of the
labor movement in carry on its missionary work.-       "    •
If the dictum of the Steel Trust is
upheld by the courts and labor is told
by our judiciary that slaves shall not
be permitted to read the literature of
the American Federation of Labor,
then'labor will be forced to use other
means by which the Steel Trust shall
yet dead in America.    '
' If you want to see a good show, go
to the Grand Theatre. -Your patronage is appreciated.
To our Brothers—Greeting:
At a mass meeting of,our Local on
October 13th last, it was resolved:
"That this mass meeting, being in
favor of the principles underlying the
formation and application of a 'Mutual Aid Sickness and Accident Fund,'
we, therefore, refer this matter to a
ballot vote of our Local, such vote
to be taken on Wednesday, October
2'ird, 1912." The main points of this
scheme of mutual aid were-> fully discussed at the mass meoting, yet, in
order that all our members'may vote
intelligently' upon this all-important
matter, the main points may be briefly outlined as follows:
(1) That participation in such fund
sliiil be obligatory on all members of
our Local.
(2) That all adult members shall
pay a subscription fee of 50c (fifty
cents) per month, aiid receive sisk-
ness benefits of $0.00 (six dollars) per
week, for a certain period, such benefits to be reduced after this certain
period hns elapsed. ' (Half members
to pay half subscriptions and receive,
half-benefits).       'i
(_.) That a'-certain period shall, elapse before any member shall participate in the benefits to be derived from
such fund.        ■
(4)' That all questions of minor detail (such as the certain periods mentioned in Clauses. 2 and 3),-. death,
benefits.(If any) of members, their
wives and children; administration of
fund, etc., eic, be referred to a committee, such committee to be selected by tho Local, and to'report back to
Local for confirmation (or otherwise)
of all rules and regulations formulated by such committee.
The above, then, is a brief,summary
of the matters necessary for the formation of a "Sickness and "Accident
Benefit Fund," on the principles of
which you will be - asked to vote a
straight "Yes" or "No" on Wednesday, October 23rd. We, your Local
Officers, are of t'heopinlon that some,
such scheme has become imperatively necessary, on account' of the large
and ever-increasing number of our
members, who, through sickness ' or
accident; are in dire need, and -who
look to you, as brothers, to help them
by means of collections, a .form of.
charity obnoxious to intelligent men.
•The above scheme of mutual aid has,
therefore, beev_i .devised/and is put
forward for your, careful consideration
in order to remove the stigma of
member I who encounters a period of
suckness or accident, may demand as
his right, and not have to beg charity,
as heretofore, participation in the
benefits of such a fund, providing that
he pays his subscription thereto.     In
cidentally, also, it will be cheaper to ,.
our members, and in every way more
satisfactory.     The   practicability;  of
such a scheme is assured by the buc- :
cess it has achieved in different pa£ts
of the world, and is now in successful . operation  in  camps in  our own
District.     This latter fact, of- itself, .
should act as ■ a spur to the adoption ■
of the scheme,by bur Local, the largest Local in District 18, for we should -
lead in such matters and not follow
the lead of other and smaller Icfcals in '
our District. ' Finally, to answer some
carping critics, who may argue that
some such scheme has been tried- before, and failed, we would advance an'
old adage: 'Tt is only .by experiment
and failure (in many cases oft-repeated) that the art of success is gained,"
and wo hope by systematic study and
close observation of tha causes,,which
led to the failure of the former scheme
to guard against a repiikion of such
causes, and by vigilance and economy"
In  the administration,, coupled    with
■Intelligent -operation of all our mem-'
bers, to achieve a measure of success,
compatible with the magnitude of our
operations. ,   *
We, therefore, at the request of the.
mass meeting, refer this letter with "
the matters contained therein to your
intelligent nnd  careful  consideration,
and can confidently   recommend   the-
adoption of tho outlined scheme".   If.
you etlcide to adopt the above, we,will
try to eralize the words of an old Roman philosopher, " 'Tis not in mortals
to COMMAND success, but we'll do'
MORE, Sempronius—we'll DESERVE  .
it."   :■
Yours fraternally,      "      ,    *
Recording Secretary.
Financial Secretary.
Tn Kentucky under a new law convicts are to receive regular wages for
the work they do in prison.
Twenty-five per cent of their earn-"
ings are put to the'credit of the' prisoners and 75 per cent are turned over
regularly to their families. If the
prisoner is unencumbered lie receives'
the entire amount or his earnings on
release.— The Chicago Tribune.,
A dispatch says:' "In a rapshackle
hut in .Philadelphia, Mrs. Rachel f_-ut-
tins gave birth' to twin baby girls. .The -
remarkable  feature  of  the, event ,1s'
that until 10 o'clock the previous night."
the wom'aii had beon at work over'a
washtub for a wage of 50 cents a day.
The.father was dying of tuberculosis."
Go to Grand Theatre... Best, pic-
tun-B in Town. Coming soon "Equine Spy.".
1 »
We Beg to Announce Our
Under a New Management
Change of Policy
Our Motto is to Please
Our Pictures are the Latest and Best on the market and will be CHANGED DAILY.
We are organizing An Orchestra that will be hard to beat.
The road shows we shall book will be only of the best.    In fact we will do everything
to please our patrons and hope to be honored with your patronage.     We thank you.
JC^___£3l jn JUP
JL    g"B._  fl*__f_#%   j^   Jffjfc JTrf
Irving' J. Carsky, Manager
Prices: Gents 20c, Ladies 15c, Children 10c.
* * ■
Matinee Dally from 3 p.m to 4.30 p.m. Evening Dally from 7.30 to 11 p.m.
_# m-mmssm—m
- «■('-.
. * 'A
v'. "-.;
3{je Mdtitfi £ti$tts
Published every Saturday morning at its office,^
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B.C. Subscription $1.00
per year in advance. An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in.the District.. Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger
.    H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No. 380
outnumbered, retaining their ascendency by the ex?
ercise of the arts of force, fraud and gileaipon the
<,   '  -iv   • «-. .        • .     '. '7   	
hitherto 'uncenscious majority, the insecurity of
their position makes ,them nervously apprehensive
of .the growing elass-conseiousnesrin :the ranks - of
their opponents.,.- Fraud and gile are fast"_16sing
tlieir effectiveness .aiid they are preparing *tb fall
back upon the final'argument—physical force
qur^ columns,'--,'. We simply- hccepl- them as. business
proposition's, and aiiy-of our..'readers who are thinking of investing their hard-earned-money in such
speculation' must carefully investigate and find.out"
for themselves as-to their value/r ■   ,-,
~      '    ,       li.-,.-'    '■ -— ______ !_ __ _' -
. •< l-iii  ■
„,    " .,, .-_,-    ■- y    ^'--   .- Ui H **e|1U1*" -^lecuuii ln.Aioerta- shortly, and also
,, -The more quickly and thoroughly the workers sarCastically.remarks.'thiit we .have neglected to
realize this, the less chance .will the ruling class infom 9uivreaders wheth- c; M< q,^    m ^
V\ n -\rrk e\T-        mirnnrt    t!_ f\ _■*»    W_\w_/\-vrr\l rt»_4- ■  _« 4-/v-n4-i_r>vi__  "S -_ _ _- # _ ^i
have   of   putting tlieir benevolent' intentions into
'.' ii
\ tf'
A RECENT despatch from London says: "Thc
suspicion that for some time has been abroad
that the enthusiastic support given in high quarters to the Boy Scout movement is intended to pave
the way towards a modified form of compulsory
service—a. suspicion which is received with equal
■■ degrees of favor or distrust, according tb the in-
* dividual citizen's point of view—was in a measure
confirmed yesterday in a speech of General Sir
Ian Hamilton, inspector general of the over-seas
" 'AVhy not be frank, even with the 8 per cent of
Boy Scouts already organized.' declared the general. 'Why not tell them the simple truth, that
the state sets the highest value—equal to some £70,-
000,000 or £80,000,000 per annum in terms of hard
cash—upon- the acquisition of the arts of attack
.and defence? Why not indeed? Because many
of the enthusiasts, the boy idealists, who have
started these corps of Boy Scouts, are so afraid of
. the opinion of their wealth"}' supporters, that they
hesitate to countenance so much as even the word
'corporal' in connection witli their corps. In,England Tve have enthusiasts who- entice boys into their
corps by using tlie panoply of war as a basis intending all the time to turn them into plaster saints.
"What remedy have Ave? Honesty is the best
and only remedy. Let us look things squarely in
the face, and press for compulsory cadet training
in all schools, public and private. ' The majority
of voters want it, and they ought to have' their
way. ">jVe must help Baden Powell by giving him
school-trained and disciplined boys to -work upon
in his voluntary system.    Every healthy boy.must
1 be trained in character aiid physique, as carefully
and thoroughly ■ as he is now-trained to read and
write. n A halt must be called to pretending that
cadet corps are~ai_ning at no'thing-more serious
than physical drill. Let us concentrate on the inclusion in the estimates of $1,380,000, wherewith to
begin training next spring 70,000 boys,1 aged 12
and under 14." .        • ' \
Tlie general should be thanked for his frankness.
Time and time again have the Socialist and Labor
press and speakers exposed the true nature of tlie
Boy Scout movement. • Constantly has it been
pointed out .vhat aro the reasons that prompted—
nay, imperatively demanded—some such move as
tho formation of the Boy Scouts organization' on
tho part of the capitalist class.
They have been met wiUi flat denials and demands for support for the organization, on the
grounds tliat it would provide good moral and physical training for tlie boys of the country. Fittingly enough, tho most vociferous in defence of
Ihe movement were the professional disciples of the
Prince of Peace? To sonic of them may be given
credit for sincerity, being proverbially "easy
marks," but such are not found in the ranks oi! the
higher clergy, from whom thoy have to lake their
cue, That element sits in council with Ihe rulers,
and there receive their instructions. All human
institulions have a malorinl, scientific basis nnd
reason for thoir existence. "What wns the rensori
for thc formation of the Boy ScoutR?
The dominant idons nnd institutions of'nny given
epoch nre thoso which conserve tlie interests ol. the
dominant class of that epoch, ' Other idea's nud in-
Htitutions, in conflict with those of the ruling clnss,
mny he—in fuel, there always are such—in existence nt the same time but thoy nre thoso of tho
subject diiRN or dnsHi's. who not being in n domin-
nnt position, ennnot put into effect their idonR or,
iTf-nto the'institutions tlm I will conserve their class
interests, as long us tho power necessary to givo
effect to thoir desires remains in tlm hands of nn.
other anil a hostile clnss. Tho struggle for tbo pns-
Houston of powor between opposing clnsses consti*
tutcs the history of society since the dawn of civili.
The cliiss strugglo al prosont raging in society differs from nil w? ich linvo p-.Mn-il.'d. il in Ilie clonr-
noss of vision on tlio part of tho contending parties
as to whnt is the stake for which tliey aro fighting.
1 The multitudinous Ridf-ismics which in the enrly
dnys bf pupitjilisui served ns rallying cries by which
Urn working class wns enlisted under the batmen.
.i vt wnrrinir sections of the mnsler t>Uw w]mio .».-
tWfcts were not theirs, have to n Inrpn .<vt«Mit din-
npi>»arnl with the olimiiintinn of tbe clnsscs in
wll...- W'PtonU they'ww rained The struggle
lins become simplified and clarified. The elements of the opposing forces in xoeielv nre rnoitllv
sifling Iheiiisoivcs out into two opposing (.mips,
the ground between tliem rapidly boing cleared of
oil intervening interests. Ono camp is composed
f>t the vw.t majority, the wealth producers, tho
other'of the minority, whose sole function is to
t-fii.Miiiif Ibe \s..ilth produced—tho social parasites.
•Ah fnr as thc workors nre concerned it is nnlmp.
pily true that Ilie lineup is to n very largo extent
nn unconscious ono, hut a rapid ehfingo is taking
p.-io.! fn thnt respect.
An to the capitalist class, their very position
mnktn conscious of the true state of nffuirs. Vnstlv
TT ... ,.    , , y    -f. • ^ " «iu___o_il, uuugiuBu mm mere.is anv man in
Until.comparatively recent years standing armies t),. i?:,^,, ,„j,„ ,-kj"'   +. i '       ., '.  „S i    ■.   -
'    j ji    j-u     ■   •_. v :   . ■•     _•      i      _.•' tie KlclinS ^ho did not- know ;that. Charlev has
were needed by the'capitalist class of each nation „umi<. fu-„ „n<vof oool.-•    +1   y     . >   ,,
,. „,   . . i     ,   .- „    ,.    ,.        ,   „ about the satest seat m. the Province Ave would
chietly to capture new markets for the disposal of u.,,.. mifion,.AV„j +rt   ■ i-'   -      i '      , .., \
,, ,..       n      „       ., .•     .-, , .  ° nave encleavjir^d to make ourselves clear on that
the wealth Avrung from thc Avorkers, and to pre- „_:„* u.u   -1\.    p-ii^;' A-■       . .   , "    „
., -i   .   .,     ■, •   ,-,   JC       ., P01Ps »ut.as tlie Bulletin, does not seem to be Avell
serve the markets they already had from the pre- „.ni1.int'„,i ....-ti, ilwv „„i-+-   , j.   ',.       ~ ^    -,•,-.
-, .■ ,.,. „ ,,   .   „ „   y,.        .      ,\ acquainted Avith the political feeling of the district
„datory expeditions of their felloAv thieves in other •   wu.-„i: ;f •   i'7„+„_i  .,. _„•,.,      ■ ,,'7
. . m, ,     „   0   . ,. ,      ,     .. ■ ln which it is located, it might be-Avell to sav that
countries.     The spread   of   Socialist   education :t- m, '„*. ,„„,„lw_.„ '„:u    7. •    , ■'     ' ._.     X
., i-i       _c n        x •     .i . l.   L.f lts Ples<int inembe,r avuI retain-- his seat with a
among the Avorking class of all countries, tlie truths ■ - •
of which are being hammered into their heads by
the operation of the capitalist system itself, has
aroused iii them the spirit of revolt. "A rapidly
increasing minority are becoming. as. conscious of
their class interests and of Avhere tlieir class poAver
lies as are thc members of the capitalist class, and
this knoAvledge engenders an hostility 'towards
capitalism and all its institutions Avhich is being absorbed by the mass. > »
Pressing on the heels of the international con^oli-     rpho _.„__,. 7>-.t„i0,    .,  »,    »■.,.    "«\ ««i>. .wi »i im_u_i Buuermg irom
dati„n o£ the ?M.t d-^ ^^ of, F    J ^^^__l Z^^S^SSJi
unity ot interest amongst the international work- on Saturday/October;19, If fine. Thoso. a post under order8 to assist and the
ing class.     The'adult, workers of all countries are -wishing to accompany the party will roof came down pinning'him under-
showing an increasing appreciation of the. fact that kIn^_ly ad_Bethe Secretary,'Box 563, neath and breaking his back'and his
the armed forces-of the State have for their chief °L   Ll'll „?4SL'. «S. at_,8 ^er limbs'will always be paralyzed,
function, "not the defence of their own'hearths and
honies (such terms are meaningless to the modern
proletariat) but the defence' and retention of the
exploiting privileges of the ruling class.' The realization that they have but oiie enemy in common
—i.e., the international capitalist class, is solidifying them, and appeals on the part of.the exploiters
to the sentiment of national hatred are falling'flat'.
In the British Empire where "the armed forces
are recruited by,voluntary enlistment, this sentiment is translated into disquieting, figures in the
recruiting departments. Such being their attitude, pulpit, press and politicians alike being, unable to fan the dying embers of a spurious patriotism into flame,- only one recourse Avas left. The
workers children must be reached," by utilizing the
spirit of adventure' and the savage instincts natural, to the boy of school age by teaching him the
use of the rifle,.and inculcating in his plastic and
receptive mind the ideas of patriotism and' obedience to his social superiors. , Then, Avhen he ,be-.
comes of mature -age,' he will be likely material
from Avhich to .recruit the force's of repression, and
murder in the interests of. the" modern _plunde_i__
T,he Ladies' Aid of Methodist Church
are giving a sale of home cooking and
cahdy in Bchoolrriom on Saturday afternoon. Come along and get a nlco
cup of tea for the small sum of 15
bund. a. ■--_.' -
The scheme, largely OAving=-=to -the~apathy=;of
working class parents,1 seems to have realized their,
most sanguine expectations. So little opposition
has been encountered from the class whoso anticipated revolt tit Avas' designed.to crush that tbe real
aim and object of tlie movement—forced military1
service—is iioav proclaimed with impudent assurance from the housetops. ■ As a sample of ruling
class morality, the bare-faced lying and misrepresentation indulged in by their clergy, press and
"prominent citizens" in overcoming the instinctive repugnance of the worker's at'the initiation of
the scheme, is in perfect harmony with their record
ns the ono ruling class in history that stands preeminent for lying, treacherous and cowardly tactics.
Tho general quotes the value placed upon the
knowledge of tho nrts of nttnekand defense by his
employers, the capitalist class of Great Britain; as
being worth some £70,000,000 or £80,000,000. oqui-
vnlenl to $350,000,000 or .+400,000,000 per annum.
. That is nbout the amount annually spent by'tho
British Government on the upkeep of their armed
forces. Huge ns the amount is it is as but a drop
in the bucket'compared to tho fund from which it-
is. drawn. The tolal trade of tho United Kingdom
for the Inst fiscal year amounted lo over £.1,000,-
000,000, nml the present fiscal yonr is expected to
exceed thnt amount. These "defense" grants
(for, the "defense" of the capitalist class) represent n tnx levied on the surplus values extracted
from their Avago-sbu'cs in tho industrial process,
which nre piling up in thoir hands to such a stag-
goring nmounl. Thnt is tho free gift thoy receive re.qpening OF THE GRAND
irom thc British working class, tho price paid by Tho Grand Thont.ro ro-oponod ^Its
Iho latter for tho privilege of gaining access to'tho ,,00rs la"t Monday undor now, man'
menus of wealth production, owned by the cupi- HK°raont' nm' this tlmo with a deter
Inlists, nftor thoy have beon allowed to retain nn S?;J/?;l,f'.Sf,<0 V"*™'* popu;
,xistcnce wage thnt is yearly getting moro unccr. lKJTKr?^S2
I lie modern wngo slavo is the cheap_st of ond In vlow neither money nor pains
all brands, for ho is incomparably the most produe-
live, mid gets no more thnn, hia prodocossors—tho
chattel slave nnd, femlnl Horf—a,'hfire existence.
v. ..       i      i ' . ... . ■iiuwii winy, mm mi
No wonder his masters nro getting ready to resist to be only of (ho best
any attack upon tlieir exploiting privileges,
That knowlodgo Avill constitute thoir power, nnd ftb,° oxiwloneo In this,lino of bust
be nnotlior iimtiinee nf n r....»n» e.non  .vunli..
- t
oavi. crave d."»ors.   •
•In last Aveek'sMssue of. the'Coleman Bulletin'reference is made'.to. our report as, to the possibility
of a GenerarElection in;Alberta, shortly, and also
eturned for Rocky* Mountain' Riding.''   Had Ave,
for a moment, imagined that there..is any man in
thumping, big'majority: ■, This is/not^a jarophes'y,- >
nor is rt.necessary to be" gifted with second sight to" ■
discern it/^The^handwriting^on; the Vail is''so ..
plainrthat.a'man; with bne eye blind and;the other.;'
one .half-closed "coiiid easily.-;see it.;- •.In.'the: J90_l_j;
Alberta Elections^.G'Brieh.had to fight against:one¥
labor and one .Conservative candidate, and.heJAA'bn
out; the laborman, AvhoVas,;prominent and;popii-7
lar in'^tlie constituency running .a close Second.; Today a vast number of those, AA'ho .voted "labor"
as opposed to Socialism, have' seen, the error of'
thoir Ayays, and;are-staunch Socialists. vAs proof-,
'of this, thirteen,months ago W.the Donijnion .elections'Pulcbe'r> the Socialist candidate'polled about
170 moro-.votes West   of   Lundbreck- , than   did
O'Brien in'.his election.     Ever' since'.then tliere
have been many events which,havo forced-a still   -
greater number of Avorking plugs to realize that
the- only solution. to the problem- is Socialism.—
Airs: Alcrguerlte Latham, of," Nanaimo, 3. C.,'president ■ of the' Re-
bekalis of the I. O. 0/ P.,' will pay
Hsther Hebekah Lodge No 20 an of?.-' at
dal, visit on Saturday. OctoJjer 19,
All members, and vlBiting sisters and
On Wednesday last there was tried
Michel before His Honor Judge
Thompson as arbitrator, the case of
..-_ „  D. Ml'chelll vb. C. N. P. CpalCo., Ltd.
brothers, are requested to be present The actIon Ja'tor damages and com-
at the K. P. Hall at 8 p.m. - - 4 •     ,penBatlon wder'the Workben's Com-
pensation Act, '1902.     Mlchelll ls ln
the Hospital at Michel suffering from'
a.m., from the Methodist Church cor^
ner.      , '-"-'-' • ■"'■   ;'
It is also proposed to make an, ex- Mr. Sherwood-Herchmer for-the res-
cursion on Thanksgiving Day • to Is
land Lake, to which excursion are Invited any wishing to accompany the
party not necessarily members of the
Alpine Club*. It Is', probable that the
lake will be frozen enough to bear
skating,, there is also a-glacier'nearby to which a visit mill' be made.
Those, wishing, to-go.,on this- trip,
please notify the Secretary, Box 563,
as early as possible' so that the ne-,
cessary arrangements may be made.
Last Sunday evening a good crowd
filled the Grand Theatre to hear Chas.
M. O'Brien deliver "one1 of his characteristically lucid addresses" on the
question of Socialism, a'subject by no
means new but always,of interest to,
the working class^ as well as to those
who are of that class, but have failed'
to realize it. J.'W. Bennett helped
to keep the audience in good'humor
and W.L. Phillips-'heid down the chair.;
We are requested; by -Mr.'' H.' Wilkes"
in a recent Issue of a contemporary In
which it-.was stated'that* he' had reconsidered his resignation'as assistant
Fire Chief. Mr."Wilkes.denies this;
and says that he only agreed to r#
main on .until such!'time/as' the Chief,
whose, health' 'necessitates remaining
at the hospital for 'some time, was
able to take charge again! As Mr.
Wilkes says. ''Entering when the Chief
leaves the. Hall and leaving when he'
returns to duty.", .•
Percy Beal and-Edgar Harper, the
two boys whose adventures were pul*
lished in a recent issue of this paper,
came up for trial before Judge Thompson this * morning. Both pleaded
guilty. After hearing the evidence
the judge "sentenced them to two years
in the penitentiary, but its. fulfilment
will be suspended so long as they, did
not come::w_thin the limit, of the law
Miner Dies From injuries
As we go to press wo are Informed
that Mike Scarplno, who was employed
in No, B Mine, Conl Creek, hns died
as a result of Injuries' rocolvod on
Monday, September 23rd. i'ho fun:
oral will take place on Sunday afternoon, 4 o'clock, from the. Catholic
Owing to lack of space In this Issuo
wo tiro unavoidably cpmpolled to withhold tho publication of above roport
until next, weok,
will bo spared, nnd a thorough ovor-
haullnR nnd renovntlng hoB already
begun,' A clinnco of pictures will bo
shown daily, nud thoso aro promised
Tho now man
ager. Mr. Parsley, hns had consldor-
noss and will make full use of It to
please bis pnlroni., Tho screen hns
how beon sb nrrnn«oi1 thnt a full vlow
when it is irniiHlnlod into aotion will mnko slior
work of the present riiliiur dIiikh.
«.. .ii_,.i. ..n   (i. .!>_.  u     j .     "u,¥ "<""'"" nrninflon mm n run viow
."li      •   * '- H,,ou,t, movJM»c»t »lny «>«ly cnn ho hnd from nny-part of tho
hnnnn' oml   !t>   _...*.     ^..    . ,
 »        V-mLt* klw/4      $pts
prov*. m^nt* will ..* mnrto for iW omyv
fort nnd oonvenlonon of lho audlonco.
Tho films so fnr shown have boon of
an Interesting nnd amusing variety,
nil ekmrly thrown, nnd of a high
R.nmlflHl Mntiii/u.r «>« ii«iW«f(M.fl
will be given dully. Tho prograihmo
fer tonight (Prldayi \u, "With n Ko-
dnl.," "Love In Uio Otiftlto," "Amorl-
i;in IfitrrocLlon. I'lte Social 8«cro-
tory"    Por Anturtn/^tbo programmo
n-tii h«. "When Kliign   ««ro   U v,"
Tin' ;*• vi ('Hnmn'jie, *' Ir iho naRRaga
CV..UI. ^Iiend," "A Pc-»trlent Suitor,"
•Alknl.'t Iktgt iir.n ■l«o,' "A Redmsn'.!
Thecase was argued-yesterday by
Mr. Macnell, for the applicant, and
Judgment reserved.
'According to a judgment rendered
by Judge Thompson it only costs ?5.00
to break a man's jaw. That is tlie
price paid by C. M. .Chappel, of the
"Missouri Girl.'*Company who broke
Kllmejack's jaw last "week.
ter where they may.be in Canada, if
ever they misbehaved themselves
again he would see that .the sentence
be carried out. , . The Judge, after giving-the boys some wholesome advice,
recoriimended that tlio parents take
them, home and give them , a good
thrashing.,. .'
Vaudeville seems to have struck the
popular fancy In Fernie, and as a consequence packed houses have been
the rule at the Isis, notwithstanding
the fact that the theatre can acconu
tion to,the vaudeville three reels of
pictures are given nightly.. ''The artists now. holding, -the boards are
Jacobs and Sardel, comedy acrobats,
and Irma Morton,. Scotch singing and
dancing comedienne, both being,quite
up to', the average., -For ,the. first
half-,of;.next week Neal and" Neal,
comedy singing.novelty, " and .Marie
Campbell,-. English comedienne, 'are
booked, and ,the latter half of the
week Helslrom and Myra, Swedish
singers and dancers, and Mar Shaull,
juvenile character Impersonator, will
hold forth.- Tonight and. tomorrow
"Lady Audley's" Secret,',:' a ' two-reel
dramatization of. the famous^ novel by
Mrs. Henry .Wood, wRl be'-shown.
againryHe warned them thaFnomatT"
. Coleman, Alta.
Central location, close
' Football grounds and
Tennis Court
When In Coleman give us
a call
Good assortment of candles
, ■ and fancy boxes   >
Classified Ads.-Geiit a Wort
•WANTED—Twenty mlners'at once;,
.no^trouble; apply on job. ..Princeton
Coal and Land -Co., Princeton,. B. C.
' ROOMS FOR RENT—Furnished^,or
unfurnished; every convenience;- low
rent.     Apply, Mrs". Radland. Second-
haiia Store, Victoria Avenue, N.,' 9-2tp
roomed hoiiBe; going cheap owing to
party leaving town.r..Apply,,Fawcett,
comer Hanson and McPherson' Avenues.;"   -       '    ..--.,  .   ..''..   ;i9.3t ,-
FOR SALE.—Choice Alfalfa Hay ln
carload lots at $13.00 per'ton f.o.b.
Coaldale, or jlG.io per ton f.o.b. Fernie.
Every bale guaranteed. Farm1 Products, Limited, 103 Sherlock Building,
Lethbridge . ■       „ g_4t
FOR SALE or to Rent, 6ft acres,
house and barn; one n.ile""from city.
Oood, balrgnin. Apply, by letter,' O ■
Ferguson, Fornlo, B. C. 7-4t
To Ut.—Stands- on Main Street in
fiellevuo; the boat mining camp In
tho Pass, Apply to Mra. R. Michell"
BolJovue, Alta,'
LOST—One ■ sorrel   Pony;, weight
about 800 Iba.; white faco and one hind
shoulder i£f   $20 Rowiird,
inson, Michel,.B. C.
F. Hutch
MM ■  '
Fernie to
Los Angeles
ON SALE SEPT. 4th, 0th and 6th
Good for Sixty Days '
'~'^a**m'^'*mi*m—m——™**^~^f*****i~minmmutmm «,«I •■^■Mm,, ■ nam , i Mi«<■ f __q« HMHWifMuMs
J. S. Thompson, Agt,
P.O. Box 305.   Tel. 161
■ ■- .--,"."..-..,'-', ..,..
"A " October 19-56"; ,;1912,;
Fop th© Round Trip
-Going Dates:
Return limit;
OCT. 19-4S5.
OCT.. 28, 1912
For tickets apply ,'to Local, Ticket
Agent..R. G. McNELLIE, Diet. Pasoen-
ger Agent, Calgary, Alta. ,
._.'>-   «.i -1 *..*
; .;' In connection with   »'„
Round 7 THp Ritefponi"- Fernie:
to Montreal - $62.15
toSt John - $70.15
Dates of Sale. NOV. ,7—DEC. 31, 1912.
.    • , ."     -   -••„   ..     -.
Return limit 5 months from, date or
7 „..    issue.   ';■
.Liberal  Extension  Privileges .
• Por further* lriformatlori,'v-rail and
R. READING, Ticket Agent,' Fernie,
B.C.; or .write to . ■■}•'' •■ •"■■-.
R. G: McNEILLIE, Diet. Passenger
Agent, Calgary, Alta.,
:i; j>a^ 7-
■.,; ■'''■"-.
OCTOBER" 28th, 1912 ■','
■'■    ■ - l   •■ • i.
For the Round Trip.   (
Between all Stations, Port7Arthur
to Vancou^Or, Including branches'." "
■'■/  Going   Dates:   OCT. ,25—28
Return  limit:    OCT. 30,' 1912.
For tickets apply to Local' Ticket
Agent, R. G. McNELLIE, Dlst. Passenger Agent, Calgary, Alta.
At .Lethbridge ColllerleB, Limited,
Klpp, Alberta, Machine Men Shooters
and Loaders.     Apply at Minds.
.,-...„ ww .uu.|   ., .uiu HU.U mm  uno mull
foot; mane trimmed; branded on iott Machine men and Loaders
Steady, work with good
working condition?.
The Canada Wost Coal
Co. Ltd., TABER, Alta
Office: Henderson Block, Pernio, B.C.
Hours: 8.30 to 1 • 8 to B.
Itosidence: 21, Victoria Avenue.'
Barristers A Solicitors, Notaries, Ao.
Offices: Eckstsln Building,,'
Fertile, B.C.
F. C. Laws  ' Alex, i, fisher
Fernie, B. c
An niitieipnted, Sehrank, tho mnn who nt tempted
lo i-_--.Kfc--iiii.t-* Tln-'odore KoohovdII, Iuih heen Inholl-
i'il mm a SWinlmt hv HfM._p ef the ennilnliMt «hoota
who am not iu.verj.o lo using nny incium to pre.
judiei* puhlic opinion regarding tho Socialist move-
mont. However, tho Rncinlfat movement through,
out tlie world hns heen homhardod with all norls
of viHi.icflti.-ii Nincp its itdvont into the political
Hrenr. nnd tlu-sc tocticn sufficiently di'inonNlnile
the lnolc of totricfil Argument on the p.irl ef the de
fenders of ejijiltnlism.
We dciiire it to lie distinctly understood that we
neither riunimiiond nor put our utanip of approval
on nny w»«I estate ndvi*rtJscmcntii wldeh flpp^r in
Ramember we iihew the best pie-
ttarfts In town and t h*n«e dally. Orsnd
Shooting Season Starts Sept. 2
Como in nnd hco our line of
Guns, Rifles, Ammunition
j. D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture
'. n I   r (■ o in.t v "" £V -"\\ .• "y
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SfftiS" ■ bellevue'notes        ♦
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■'■,   .sMr.'Gee.'Cbpeland/ who.has been'in
• camp'for,' some; time, has .resigned his
"■  pbsitlonas -fire' hbss and' gone east, as
:far as Lethbridge, where he expects
.. to becuj-e .abetter'job,-7
, • Jamos.'PIsher, who left here -some
- tlrieagq to-wbrk at Passburg, is again
..'' back;in camp* and started to work as
7a motorman in'Believue No.'l Mine. ■
*, '_ Quite'a-nuniber of the Bellevue boys
•went to'Mcleod .to.'take in the celebration.'  The party was composed, of
Charlie Burrows, • Geo. Bateman, Will
Rochester; Mike Ross, and Sam Marsh.
" Their will-be returning the latter part
of the_welk.V    y -.   ;, „
All^n'^J.VMcDonald, 'who.has ,been
working .at tundbreck for some time
','• past,' is in.jcamp .dnd-has secured a
job at the. Prospect, and, starts work
,Y on Monday morning.
' Nurse .Fraser,   who   has   been   in
town ■" for "some time' past with Dr.
'. McKenzle; left camp for home in'- Medicine Hat bn, Saturday's! regular,,going Bast, ."y'y'y'".   \\ -
Mr. Joseph^McGruff,^who. waB at
Frank* for1, theleiams for certificates,
we .understandf' h'as been, successful
>  and secured a^flre:boss' pass.     We
hoiie tjhat Mr. McGriiff'secures a posi-
. tionjln-tbe hear- future to-compensate
•<him"for his hard,studies.   :*     ".    ■
"  '   TheTUnion Bank of Canada Is near-
,. lng completion./---It wlli"make a fine
,'  addition to the-town of Bellevue.
Mr. iT-J. Miller,, ,of/ Lundbreck, is
\   in camp, and .starts,-to work at the
.Prospect Mine on Monday:
■ The school trustees-of" the Bellevue
7rDlstrict have got busy'at last and nre
'calling,for tenders for the erection of
a, four-roomed   school '\ In ' Bellevue,'
,  which they expect to,1 finish  ,in   the
course/of. a couple of,• months. ■   The
' school. Is.much heeded•" In   Bellevue
•   where there are?"a"lbt!of children who
I" haven't been 'able to go to school for
-. lack of acco.mmodation   for .a  .long
;. time.'    7; 7 ' --."   y ■   yi 7 ' yy, -..
■ 1.    -The addition to Coles* Pool' Room is
'    progressing well; 'TUnder the" clrcum
'. stances thetfcpntra'ctor! finds, it hard,
to get lumber, to-keep his men work-
ing.'.. V ..., 7-, y '- "''   . '*' '   T-U-i—^
r7. A shooting, party, composed of C;
Carlngton,..Garret-Evans,\Sam Turner,
" aiid W.. Maddison, left camp last,week
arid returned <bri Saturday with some
fine bags-of game.,. , .,    „., ., .,., .7,
: Mr. arvd.Mrs., Joseph. Robinson .were,
away at Burml_i Sunday, for, a drive.
Doctor and'Mrs^. McKenzle were at
Blairmore this week-end driving.
Now, why don't yeu give the Hillcrest Cooperative Store,a (trlal and
' b'e convinced that It is to'your Interest
Xo patronise lttNi It means dollars In
your purse to buy tliere.     '
The Rev. Hunter," of   the Baptist
■' Church,. Blnlrihbre, occupied the pul-
'pit at the Methodist Church on Sunday last in the absence of .the Rov
Mrs. W. Reld, of Frank, was a vlsl-
•tor In Bellovuo this week, the giu.Bt of
•>  •Jtr's, F. Boasloy,      '    ■   ,
The peoplo of Bellevue have, decided , to hold   a   memorial service In
• memory of the men who wore killed
.   lu the explosion at tho Bellevue No.-
1 Mine two years ngo.
Mastor Losllo Couslns'gave n birth-
,' day party to a few   of   his   young
friends on-Monday Inst    Leslio wns
fl S years old on the t2lli of October.
Thoy had rt vory enjoyablo, tlmo.
The llttlo.daughter, Winnie, of Mr
and Mrs. John Ollphant died on Sunday morning. It Ib understood that
the llttlo girl picked Bomo poisonous
horrlos and ato them. Sho was taken sick on Saturday nt 2 o'clock and
d,led on Sunday morning at 4 o'clook.
Tho llttlo one was burled on Mondny
In tho' IllllcroBt Cometoj-y. tHo Rev.
Voung, of Frank, conehidtod tho funeral service. Tho many frlonds of
Sir nnd Mrs. Ollphant extend to them
■ their deepest sympathy.
'C M.- O'Brien," the. Socialist mem-,
ber, delivered an address hereon Sunday, 6th October, in the Pioneer Hall.
He left the boys With something' to
talk about, and- it- Is possible :be may
be challenged to }an open _ debate in
the near .'future."" f'",. .   yS'ciy ;    .
A start has again been made.on the
Presbyterian. Church after standing
for some time. Let us.hope,'it goes
through to a finish this time, as it
would be a benefit, to the church in
many,, ways. There is a good sized
hall with two ante-rooms, one on each
side of the entrance door which couljl
bo let for lodge purposes ln the even-
lugs and' better- still be used as a
sciiool for the children during the
winter and save them the long walk to
school they have in the meantime'.
The, machinists are busy'putting in
the machinery on the. new tipple.
There was also a gang of men putting
In the tipple, tracks.
. Quite.a number of men are coming
In ffpm the Pass looking for work.
Several of them have started.   ^   <j
The Company • have vput ,'in -*a new
hoisting engine at'No. 2 slope, two
new inch and a- quarter wire ropes
have arrived'"for Banie. -7 - '
.The company have started,to put
In a water system. , Quite a length
ofv'the..ditch.is ready for the pipes.
The,.water is-being pumped from .the
craek7o a tank that Is to be built at
the top. b^the hill which will be capable of holding enough water to serve
the town for some time to come. *
The company yard'engine and crew
arrived here oyer a week ago.-. They
are being kept busy handling'the material for.the construction work.-    '
The bunk house Is certainly"filling
up,these days, and the boys are getting, into the "top decks now.     y -   .
Mh;.Bd. Frazer was elected-Vice-
president o fthe. Local last meeting
in place of John Laughran, who'resigned. '•      ,     ,    s 7.    ; '
What might. have been a serious
accident' happened .here 'on Monday
evening. A 'welb behind' the livery
barnrhad the cover lifted off by a few
young children and one, of'them, little
Eob.Muir, fell in7 By good'luck there
was not; much water in it or tie, might
have'been '^drowned. -.Mr.., Heath,
who runs a' boarding house • at the
'same.place heard his cries and" pulled
little fellow was none the, worse.
The Local Union meets, every Sunday at 3"p.m."in the Pioneer Hali;
♦ -"V    7"  ■"'   ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦.♦,♦'.♦,♦♦
•ii-       , . -
.The mines continue .to run. steady
with an' increasing output; The hew
fan race is now in use on B. Level,
which is a considerable-impfoyement
on the old system. , ,y  ' °
A new bunkhouse has. been erected
at C Level for use, of,the men who are
building the. trestle for- the -new, in-"
cllne. .   -■ .7 ' '
•    •    i        i •
Tenders are being asked- for carting the slack from No. 2 Mine to the
briquette plant.
The trustees of the Bankhead Library Association held their meeting
on the ,11th inst, and amongst other
business there was a quantity of Polish books ordered, also the billiard
table Ib to.be repaired for the coming winter.-    * ■    .,
An auction'sale of the, black, pony
found by the late Joe Barker Is to
take place on Thursday, 17th, Tom
Wilson, of Banff, is the auctioneer.
Mr. Lumsden left here.- last week
for Toronto, where he will take up,
his schooling for the Methodist' ministry. , ,-■':'•
Joseph Nobllch and1 his bride'are to
start housekeeping in the house vacated by the preacher. We wish them
luck.     <•
, A Pole, named. Goldak, had the misfortune tohave his arm broken in the.
mine last "'week, y ~" .
Billy -Miiir. is in the hospital with
his old sickness.      ,     ■ "'
feet, per minute ,for<24 men and two
horses. West side of , slope, 12,000
cubic feet of airfor 26 men and three
horses.   .,'',"■
,    (Signed)   THOS. -YATES, ^
,-, JOHN. NEWMAN.    ,
• (Held over from last week)
Answer to a Correspondent.—Oh,
you Melon; lost "out, did yer? Too
bad. ' Age will- beat most anyone
nowadays. Try. Danderine for the
hair and cold cream for the face. Thc
latter may help you to retain -your
complexion. Don't squeal on the fellow who beat you out, but lake your
beating with good grace. ,
, They say that habit becomes 7a se;:
cond nature, therefore try and cultivate the habit of being cheerful and
possibly some old maid might take
pity on you..
Thos. Williams, District Mining In-"
spector,.was here Wednesday making
his„ usual inspection,.; .
The Trites Wood. Company had, the'
store decorated with » flag on Tuesday, for, the occasion,of the passing
of the Governor.General.. _
Jas. Davey brought into camp on
S.inday last ;i lare-e due which he shot
down near Oleson.
-Improvements ,are .being made in
the Provincial Goal here. ll is being
fitted up with two. cell cages with
bunks , attached. _.' Whilst the above
are-' an lnnovatiui'• and a gr'e_it improvement on the, old cells, yet there
is nov'brie'' particularly, anxious to* try
tye$w!' '  _.
yyV-.tM. Wilson', general manager of
ttie Cbal>Company, was in town .Monday and took in the moving picture
show.    ,      ■•"-"„_ ' ■
When the Governor General travels
he has a whole train to himself and
crn tie'up' the system, but when a
. The union boys nro having a Bmok-
Ing rsoncort this Saturday ovonlng,
whon they hope to havo ii big crowd,
hs there will bo somotlilng different
from tho last smokor.
By tlio amount or shots that nro
hoard to go off nroiintl liero slnco the
1st.of tlio month, one would think
vlioro won't be a chlolcen loft for tho
tho fihntu don't find tttflr tnnrl..
The oompnny sthrtocl to ship coal
n weok ago, whloh will Incroaso ns
tho 'now track gets rinlsliod, allow*
lng moro places to bo started by that
tltTI*'.        TtlOV   will   olil"    'il'   !'V;   rjzl
they aro ablo to handle with tho temporary tlpplo ss thoy haye lota of ordors,
Mrs/Donald McMillan and family
who left here six months ugo on a
visit to Nova Scotia, and Mrs, Mc
Minim's old home in Hamilton, Scotland, returned last week'end and are
looking well after their holiday. Of
course Mao hlmsolf Is all smlei.
The ney J»mj> house Is gettlqf Into
shape now. It Is being built of brick
and When flnjstiod will be one of tha
boat lamp houses In thli part of tha
district   -   '-• 1-'""■■•/• -•   ',-
♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
A. I. Blals. of Frank, and W. W.
Scott, of Bellevue, spent Wednesday
nt North' Fork,, and' Miss Blals,looked
after the Bellevue .Store In-Mr. Scott's
absence. - ■• ,     "' y -
Mr, David Roberts arrived on, Tuesday's Flyer from Wales; England, and
Is visiting with his sister, Mrs. J. J.
Thomas. ,. ,
"Mrs, Chas, Dunlop,'of Colomnn, was
n visitor in 'town on Tuesday.;
Married,—-At Frank Parsonage, by
Rev.'W. T; Young, oh Saturday, October 12th, Matte Lohtinon to Miss Oono
Ovaskn, both of Bellevue.    ;
Mr, Frod Livingstone, of Frank, has
beon looking after the "Blairmore, En-
tprprlBo" In the absence of Mr. W, J.
Bni'tlott, who wns acting on lho Jury
at1 Macieod.
, C, A, Rlclmrdson, our Frank Livery
man, lins taken over a livery barn ln
ninlrmoro nnd will bo moving his family there soon.
Mr, Palmor, who has tho govornmont contract, for the moving of tho
town,arrived' horo, last Sunday from
Montnna nnd Is making preparations
for tlio moving of tho town. Ho ex-
poflts IiIb outfit to arrlvo any day,
Mrs, Palmer and family have nlso
como lo town for tho tlmo bolng.
Mr nnd Mrs. J. W. Windsor, of
Frank, expects to move to llollovuo
by tho ond of tho woek to tako up tholr
residence In tho now bank thero.
Mr and Mrs. J. F. Btorllng oxpoct
to loavo for Edmonton on Friday to
'tnko lip tlielr rosldonco In that olty,
Mr. Franklsh, of Plncher Crook,, arrived In town lo take clmrgo of P,
-lump,' bul chor shop,
Hov. Young conducted the funeral
serviced at Uollovuo, on Monday, of
tlio Infant daughter of .Tank Ollphnnt.
Dnrilol Dunlop, Jr. was assistant
pnmlor to Loo Mlljcr of Blnlrmoro lust
Mr, llarry Mooro, lawyor, was a
wook-ond visitor In Lothbridgo last
Mlko Rosso nnpllerl tor n whn.ouMn
liquor license for Blairmoro, which
last wook camo undor consideration
boforo the License Commissioners at
Lethbridge. The grantlnn of tlio !.•
coiiBO wns opposed by Father Bummat
and Ilov. Hunter, of .llftlrmnre. nnd
twmlioil in tho Commissioners deciding not to grant tho licenso. ''
Mr. 1-ovltt, of Lothbridgo, formerly
a Tlnptlift minister, but now a ronl
oaUlo broker, was a visitor In town
on Monday.
.TV Hfnnngh-e has reopened his pool
room nnd bowling alley ovory night
this unit \vcck, and thu "trlbus" havo
repaired tbIUier to enjoy themselves.
Twenty-one houses of the old town
havo been safely laid to rost on tho
now townsite. Very florin all tho
tampany's bouses wll! be removed by
fteoft, snd t.hfin rafmcr,Witt wove ll__.
A sample of coke may be seen ln
each window of the company's lamp
cabin here with a' placard placed on
each sample bearing^the .following:
"This is coke as it should be," and
"This is coke- as it is owing to the
miners filling "dirty coal.' A' miner
in ".Michel now •■ needs to be, an, analyst. '  .<'•■ ""■■"' ",-"''
Wm. Branch, Bill Porter a'nd.'.H.
Ferryman left Sunday last for a week's
Creek.'",--.    - '■*•' "•
The ' dance, held' in Lockhart's
Opera House, Saturday last, "under the
auspices of. the Italian .Society; was
a great success. A large number attended. (' The'music '.was supplied by"
Almonds' Orchestra. -"' ' . '*   '*'-.
Airs, T. E. Murphy,, and ■ family returned home Monday night from a
visit to relations down .East.
His Honor Judge Thompson/ Mr.
Macnell, Mr: Herchmer and Mr. Young
wei'e In Michel on'Wednesday in connection with /the compensation claim
mndo by District 18 on behalf of R.
MIcelll. -
George Lucks, was a. visitor here
this.week, leaving Wednosdny,night
for the Yellowhead Pass,
Jas. Johnston, better ' known as
Jimmy_,th« Finisher, nnd Lou Davis
arrived here Tuesday night from the
Brazoau Country for a, couple of week's
vacation. ,
' T. G. Harries left Friday night last
for Indianapolis to attend tho International Executive Board Mectlnp;.
A spoolal meeting of Michel Local
Union will bo hold on Sunday, Octobor
tho 27th, DlBlrict' President Clem
Stubbs will address the meeting.
E. K, Stownrt, manager of tho
Trites Woods Co. wns n visitor In
Mlohol Wednesday,
Bort Estabrook, stable boss for the
conl company,, arrived hore Tuosday
night from tho' Pralrlo with flfteon
liond of horses for tlio Mlchol mlnos, '
Ed. Stacey loft Tuosday night for
Coal Creek, nt which placo ho tins secured the position of driver boss. -
Frod Winch and wlfo, of High Rlvor, nro roglslorod at tho Vonozla
Mr. J. T. Rudnlckl, of Fornlo, was n
visitor In Michel on Wodnosday,
Arbltary procoodlngs woro takon by
Dlstrlot 18 undor1 tlie Workman's Compensation Act to claim Compensation
for R, Mlcolll, a mombor of Mlchol
Local, who niot with n sorlotm accl-
dont oiivtlio SOth of Novombor last In
Mlchol,,   The ovldonco of the Injured
mnn was taken In tlio liospttnl as his
back Is broken nnd  ho cannot bo
movod.   Tho contention hold by tho
Conl Company la tlidt thoy nro not
llnblo as Insnflfclont uotlco of Injury
and demand for compensation woro
niftilo.    Also that lt .was through wll-
ful .nogllgonco on pnrt or Ilie Inturnd
man uint lio met wllh his ncoldont.
Q*t Committee's Report
We, the undersigned linvo examined tho mine known na No. 3 East and
found tho following conditions' to pro-
vail.    Explosive Gas In croeg.cut off
,:.y.i. i;*«.i,, * biiHi Counter Lovol nnd
3rd Wost Room,!, owing   to   timber
breaking down b'rattlco; snmo undor
Immodlnto repair,:    qno half Inch
cap in a foyv, other placos; all other
working  placoa   clear.    Vontllatlon
fair.     Tlmhnrlnir good.     Roof and
aides good.    Travelling  roads  and
nlrwayiii   In   jood condition.     Iil.uiw
ruble ft. of air per mln. for 13 men nnd
D horsos In first apllt,    and spin.
3 Eaat sldo of slopo, jn.ooo cubic
worker, a producer   of   the   world's
♦;-•', • *> 4>.
♦ ♦
♦ ♦ ♦.♦ ♦.♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
'Mrs. J.' Keir arrived 'from the old
country on Wednesday of last week.
Tbe moving-pictures have started up
again in the Opera House. The management showed some' good films last
week, and they deserve support
The members of the, Presbyterian
Church in Hosmer. have commenced
singing services, which will be continued until such times as, a pastor
has been secured for the congregation. , ' i   <"-
The fourth annual ball or the Independent Order of Odd Fellows,
Maple Leaf Lodge No. 53' will be held
in the Hosmer Opera House on Friday, 25th of October. Good music
will be provided. Refreshments will
be served' in the fiall.J Admission,
J1.50. Ladles,' Free.
Mr and Mrs. Kendal left for a short
vacation at the coast last week.
, Mr. English is at present In charge
of the local branch of the Bank of
Montreal. -
The Hosmer Glee Club have, commenced practice again under the able
tuition of Mr._ W. ,E.. Smith. - Their
first practice was _ held in the Mess
House on Wednesday evening.
Mr. Moffat and Mr. Pollock were
visitors here on Wednesday last.
wealth has to hit it, its generally on
the ties, unless'he's lucky enough to
steal a, ride .in-'a side door pullman.
Catch bn?
Otto Melrs'left'Monday,,night for
Lefhbrldge for' a couple of weeks
duck shootihg.j Oh, you ducks. - ;
George',.J^uck, mine foreman at,the
Frank Mines, paid a visit here to"
renew-,", old ,, acquaintances,, - leaving
Richard!- Beard visited Iiis7 family,
last, Saturday. No more>flat seams-
for, Dick.: He intends, moving his
family down to'Maple Leaf in the near
future.. i-'-. y,     t   ., a
_.Dayei(Harris, an olcLi-timer In the
Pass, arrived back:here from -Wales
last week. He 'reports! mining conditions the worst he'has ever known
them to be in that part of the world.
Down in a C. P. R. depot in Alberta
the .other night quite a large number
sat; waiting In the cold and dismal
waiting room for the West-bound
local, which was some' fifty minutes
late owing to ,the Governor-General's
train being en route for tlie East.-
■ Shivering with the .cold, condemning the weather,, the C. P. R. nnd Its
system were most every "one. When
the Governor Genoral.'s train passed
witli Us long string of carriages, convoying comfort, warmth "and luxuries
of evory sort, qulto a largo numbor
of tho kickers raised tholr hats In response to tho handwavos of the .roynl
party. - Therefore, to thoso who did
this, wo way: "Quit your kicking, as
it Is what you want judging by your
actions." ' .,
,Owlng to the moving plcturo reels
of the Calgary Stampodo bolng damaged at Fernio, Mr. Lockhart wns unnblo
to show same hore Monday night,
However, plctnros wero put on, which,
Judging by tho hearty laugh tor of lho
audlonco, nmply compensated,
Jimmy Corrigan, miner in. No. ,1
North, tore the nail off his finger
while spragging a car on Monday.
James Mazas, driver in No. 5 mine,
was crushed between the car and the
rib, caused by his horse stepping
out of the traek.
So the child Is In London, eh? Yes,
and I've got the papers? Well, ask
Jack and Harry. Dramatists in embryo.
In the Italian government's attitude
there bas apparently been no change
since Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs Prince Discalea stated in-parliament that the foreign office had con-.
fined itself to instructing the Italian
consul in Boston to see that Ettor and
Giovannitti were provided with able
counsel and that they received a fair
trial. -a
•o. '
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
Wholesale Dealers' in
Wines, Liquors and
Phone 83, Frank; Alta.
Don't forget to try Easton's
" , When you want
Go to 0rond Theatre. ' ru.il r>ir-
lures In Town* Coming soon "Euu-
ln« 8pf,"   '
Everything Is vory quiet around
hero, tho mines nre not working vory
stoady; scarcity of cars being the
The rending nnd rocroiitlon rooms
In connection with tlio English Churoli
nro going up flno and will make a
groat dlfforonco to the church when
complotod. The Ilev, Wntldns J a res
certainly dosorvusjKroat credit for thn
Intorest ho tnkos In (ho wolfnro of IiIh
church and congrogntlon,
The death occurred here on Sunday
night of tho Infant (laughter of Mr,
nnd Mrs, Alox Moore,
Mrs. Morden, of linssnno, grand pro-
sldoiit of the Grand Lodge of Ho-
bol. a lis of Alborta, was visiting tlio
uuovo order hero on Monday.
Mt, ll'm. -iiiiiKs returned hero on
Thursday last, from his visit to his
horn'4 In tho old land, Ills iiiiiny
friends aro plousod to soo hlin back
■Sim, ism, rmser returued to h<;r
home In Coloman nftor ntl oxtonded
visit to her old homo noross the big
We,have hooii; Informed thnt Colomnn and Hosmor Football teams will
piny horo on Saturday, the 10th, for
the Crahan Cup. Look out Hosmer
tnr thn r^oMmfin boys mean buuluusH.
You will have to go somo If you want
to win.
Tbo young men of Coleman gave a
danco In tho Kftgles' Hall tho other
- night, and all who attended It had a
vory enJoysMMIm*. W<» ynitcrotai-d
that tboy Intend giving one every
The mines were idle up here on Saturday afternoon shift; shortage of box
cars being the cause.
-.The' Good' Sh'ep(p)herd has taken
his English -flock to reside in Riverside Avenue: What is, the matter
with No. 8 room, boys?
''"A ^Wonderful'-Message from Heaven" is the subject chosen by the Rev.
Mr.' Pearson to.speak on next Sunday
at the Presbyterian Church. . "'"-
. A party' of mountaineers were viewing the crack* in'the mountain up here
on Sunday.'  -' ' .      ,.   ~,
Class in connection with the Methb;
dist Church', a, grand social was held
on Tuesday evening, 42 persons being present. I The following rendered
vocal solos: : W. Clarke, R.? Bills-
borough, and.Misses Hall and France.
Parlor , games 'and refreshments
brought to a cbse a most pleasant
evening. Accompanist: Mr. Thos.
v Mr. Smith, manager of Trites Wood
Store up here, has been called away
suddenly by telegram. Mr, McDean
Is manager pro tem.
■ At a meeting held in tho Club Hall
on Wednesday, tho 16th,. It waB decided to form an amateur dramatic club
ln ,Coal Cfeek., The following officers were elocted: .Director, Mr.' D,
Shields; President, ' Dr, Workman;-.
Vlco-Prosident', Mr, G. O'Brien; Sec-
rotary, Mr, D. F. Marklnnd; Treasurer,
Mr. Robt. Johnstone; Executive Commltteo: Messrs. J, Shnnks, It, diHb-
borough, W, R, Puckey, C, Percy, J,
Hewitt nnd R. Snmpson. Any, person desirous of b'ocomlng mombors of
above club are requested to give in
their names, to lho Secretary, D, F,
Tho stork vlsltod Coyolo St.'again
on tho , lth, lonvlng a fine daughter
to Mr and Mrs. Jas, English. Mothor
and dnnglitor doing flno,
Edward Jackson, a drlvor In No. 1
East Mlno, hnd tho misfortune to got
his log crushod whllo following his om>
ploymont, IIo wns romovod to tho
hospital; whoro ho Is reported doing
II, ,T, Atkinson, ropo rldor nt No. 1
South Mine, dislocated his Unco-cap
on Saturday whllo following his employment.
Hnrold Illrd, ropo rider nt No. 1
East mine, siiBtalnod tho loss of two
fingers nnd n tlm ml) on Monday night
through a trip hacking down on him.
Mo la ropbrted doing ns woll ns cnn
lm expected,
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
Dealer In *
Dry Goods^j^J^ots^&^SjLP^s^^^
~~~^~T~~Meti& Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits,Flour  &   Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.
Best   Goods   at   Lowest   Prices
' Wo havo tho largest nnd most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in tlio Pass.    Everything in
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.     Special Attention to Mail Orders
Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7     FRAN K, Alta.    p, O.uBox 90
Grand Union Hotel
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingfnan's trade
G. A. CLAIR ;-; Proprietor
Hillcrest Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries,  Dry Goods* amcl Oencrfll  M^rcH^sidicc
The People's Store
Owned by *
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
W6.invito tlio ...spooHon of tho
public to onr stock which i< .ibsoliifoly
fresh nnd choice in ovory particular.
Wo Imvo ono of tlio finest stores
tho V,\hh.
We are in every way suited to
supply tho public with quality goodfl
at living prices. Could you oxpoct
moro ?
Ml '   .JS-
• .ft
_ 1(     f
! V'-i  ""^""•r''.'.l4-Vv,iii''-'V'l,-i'-,_   . •.    ->■■ '')Z-?f-y,- '*- y-.-!.'/y \fi,- ■*_'_■.',-' *•"'.'-••.---\ .'-.J,;'..".-'*' ^'-.'' ^-* t    <';- ,.,->, I'~°'-">" .;"<. '"-,*,; .i." -"*-
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->'•    .-      .. •- "^,-^.c"y '     ■ y. -...   %<_• ■  ■-,   . -..■ -.-;    *-   .'„.... .;   :■   _      *.;,.'.-; ■   ■-.'..
The Little ";
Business* Man
The lot of tlie little business man,
like of,that of Gilbert and Sullivan's,
policeman, is not a happy one, and" he
is by no means velll-beloved. The
consumer looks on him as his natural
enemy, one who pilfers his purse and
"robs his stomach by charging too
much for his victuals and clothes...
Which, like most of the consumer's
ideas, is baseless error. Mostly, the
small trader is regarded as a capitalist, which is almost slanderous, and
also he so regards himself, which is
ludicrous. Wore he paid a salary equal
to the income he derives from "his"
l_i.i_i._ess, he would immediately ap-
l-esir in his true role as= a slave and
uot a pampered one at that. But as
it is he Is a sort of hermaphrodite, a
slave in the guise of a master.
The production of a commodity being incomplete till it reaches the consumer, here, over the counter of the
rot-tiler, it receives its final touches.
So the little retailer figures in as
merely one of the vast number of cogs
in the capitalist's machinery of wealth
lt is curious to note that at the two
ends of the process of production of
most fodstuffs and of ,,n_ai.y other
'commodities, we find two groups of individuals in .very similar circumstances, the small farmer at one end
, and the small retailer at the,other.
The farmer, passes the articles hq pro_-
duces into the hands of great capital and from those hands the retailer
receives then). ■{-'Ike the farmer the
retailer not only works ' himself' but
has often his wife and children helping him. Like the farmer he hires help
'to a'certain extent, exploits his employees, and' passes up the proceeds
of exploitation to, the master class.
Like the farmer, his ownership in his
business is the whip that drives him to
greater exertio-is, that is, makes him a
more efficient, productive and easily
exploited slave, than he would be on
a purely wage basis.
. Herein.lies.,the secret of the" persistence of .small, business, as of
small farms, in face of> the constant
tendency towards concentration. The
small business man, laboring under
the delusion that the business is his,
will rustle up trade, worry and scheme
more, and do it for less, than he
would as a salaried manager. Furthermore, lie will^-also furnish a part of
the capital necessary for. his own exploitation, .which adds not. a little to
.the convenience of his masters, besides adding greatly to the humor of
the situation.    .Starting with, a few
his pile to help them exploit Him:
Once launched upon<fis giddy career
as an independent business man,
no pirate that ever sailed the main
could match him in the unscrupulous-
ness and consciericelessness of his
methods. He will skin .'his girls down
to a prostitution-compelling wage and
whittle his male^ clerks to a soup bone.
He will joyously cut his competitor's
throat and-take* the last cent off the
window and orphan, thanking his gods
the while for collecting it. And. then
his payments, his interest and the necessity for expansion will force him to
pass up to his masters the proceeds
of his nefarious trade, and lucky indeed is he if ho retains sufficient to
support that superior dame, his wife,
in the.manner to which she apes to
become accustomed. '
Truly a caricature of a capitalist is
he. Petty in his transactions; petty
in his ideas; petty in his outlook,
'petty in his virtues; petty in bis very
vices. Often a pillar of his church or
chapel, his deeds must keep the recording angel's department working
overtime. ('enerally a member of
"fraternal" societies, fraternity in his
relations with his fellows would be
equivalent, to financial suicide.
Arrogating to himself a superior' social status to the wage slave, he fawns
servilely upon his "betters" and seeks
to imitate, in the manner of all true
toadies, their manner of living, of
dress, and even of speech. Frequently
be robs his belly to decorate his back,
and in- a forced straining after culture,
exposes his ignorance.      .    .
Of all the victims of—capitalism
surely he is the most to be pitied and
despised.' The proletariat hard-driven
and sweated, stands at least upon the
threshold of a better day. For the
small trader tlie sun is setting, and
the prospect becoming ever gloomier.
The huge departmental stores and
mail order businesses are cutting the
ground from under-his feet even in
more remote localities, and the quondam victim, the consumer, is developing a happy knack of running his
credit with the local merchant and
sending his cash to Timothy Eaton
and elsewhere. His commercial ability
promises soon to have a new opportunity, for _its exercise, in the sale of
his labor-power cheek by jowl with the
pro'etarian he despises.
And this consumatio-- - is to be
greatly to our advantage, fellow slaves
we are told. These petty bourgeois,
forced into our ranks, are to furnish
the revolutionary ■ proletariat with
ty-ains!- Ye gods forfend!—Western
Clarion. '       ,
The Dean.of Newcastle iu'His<War Paint
Says the Summerside, P..E. I„ Pio-,
nee'r. "Canada leads the world in Boy
Scout Records.' •* Have 'we sunk as
low as that?—Cotton's
hundred or a, few tliousancTdollars, as
the case-may be, he procures credit,
•to several times that amount, and imagines that he is doing business on
the borrowed capital of the kind-heart-1' Remember we show, the best pic
ed wholesaler and the obliging bank, j tures'in town and change daily. Grand
whereas he has in reality lent them  Theatre,
Canadian cadets have visited. Newcastle, . and there has been ■ a large
amount of slobber by capitalistic. (?)
defenders of the -J'H empire." Both the
Church and the Chamber of Commerce
were" well represented. The representative - of the Church was' especially
fulsome in-his eulogies of the whole
cadet system of teaching to,murder in
the defense of the empire. ' Tn his remarks, the Dean told the cadets that
one of Australia's greatest assets was
her- coal, and they (the Canadian cadets) would very soon learn* that one
of the. things Australia would have
to consider was, '.'How. are the coalfields of Australia going to be defended?"' Apparently this dignitary is of
the opinion that the rest of the nations,
or geographical collections of people,
are dying to lay hands upon our coal
deposits. This is nonsense! The veriest piffle, and coming from such an
educated luminary as the Dean, is surprising." Nature, or God, as you will,
provided those stores of coal (and preserved the same deep in-the bowels of
the earth, our coal beds being in very
fact, ' indeed, bottled up sunshine..
Neither man', or the labor of man, had
any hand in storing up the great mass
of wealth represented in the coal of*
this planet. But until labor is used in
winning coal from the almost inaccessible positions it is just as worthless
as the mud-banks in our navigable rivers: Man found a use for coal, .consequently; man discovered a method iof
extracting coal from pother Earth;
and when won found means to use it
to the best advantage for. society.
■Then smart (?) individuals, realizing
what a power coal was to become in
the economy of the • world, schemed
so that" they and ,they alone would
derive the most pecuniary benefit from
the ownership of the coal . supplies
stored by Nature.1 And they were successful.
Now, the. people of the world collectively cannot burn a single pound
of coal without- permission of the,
owning coal barons. It is in the defence of this usurped right—the .right
leagalized by the, land robbers of the
days gone, by and still held by.the
same robber class. This robber class
being small in numbers, when compared with" the ' dispossessed class,
were naturally afraid that the.-people
would turn on them and take their
own back again. Then there was enrolled from the 'ranks of the dispos-
fighting meri.'who7defended"the interests of the land robbers, who promised them__an_easy,. lazy life. The
world progressed" without.""the aid of
this owning class," but its members
were always quick to reap any advan
tage u to,: tthemselves, "and to,.deferid
themselves .with'the aid of "their- hired"
mercenenaries. .'.-As time went withe
hired mercenaries became ' 'a ' burden-
nppu their'employers, and as "the owning class, which had usurped the pow-'
er to make .the" laws at 'he "time th<_y"
seized the land,"' * made it' obligatory
upon the 'country- to support and maintain the';;late < retainers of the robber'
class yand thus formed a-standing
army. \ .    •.     '
This standing army was' definitely
used in supporting the. usurped rights
of, the dispossessed class. But education expanded." ;The ignorance of
the dispossesse'd,'J.viz., "the working
class, was gradually dispersed. .And
now/we are not so ready to defend
the stolen property of the owning
class'against ourselves.
So,now a scheme has been evolved
to compel the children of the working class "to undergo military training 4to enable the owning class to-
still retain for a longer period'their
plunder.' And 'the Canadian cadets,
are a. few of the children of a-geographically situated people" trained to
defend. "their" country against • other
geographically situated pebple. " But
the fact of the matter is, the real ob*
ject' for training ".working class- children is to-defend-the property of the
capitalist class against their _ parents.
This property-robbery , of- the/'.people
has always been upheld by. the church,
therefore, 4t is not surprising that the
Dean of Newcastle spoke as - he did,
being a representative of- the capitalist class.. y ■
Another statement" from; tlie ' Dean'
was to the effect that Australia was-
» . \•• .  .- .••»
learning, and Canada    was <. learning
even, faster''than Australia,7!That
the' prosperity .and strength did": not
lie oiv the football field or tlie race^
course."-' HoV true he spoke ' in 'the
latter, connection." But did he mean
it? Probably'tlie-. Dean forgot, or,
else overreached - himself. ■ But, the
Dean must surely have meant the
prosperity , <jf - .the ' owning class,
which, is made j. more .secure ' when
built'"upon the ignorance of tlie
People; a"condition of affairs always
supported by.'the: church. " It was
not the prosperity1 of the people that
troubled the.Dean, but the prosperity
bf vthe'class ■ on which ,he lives as a
parasite., . Further/ according to His
Deanship, ."Swords h'ave got to be' put'
to the grindstone,'and be kept sharp,"
name who1' would .hesitate to draw a
sword or fire a gun in defence of those
he loved." Yet'the Dean is a Christian!" He no doubt breaches about a
Loving Father < 'and-, 7a ' Crucified' Son
Ii\ his (
"actions and words. practically' states
that he knows much-better thairthe
God he preaches'7 about.y Is-it-'not
stated in the-Book upon >;which {the
Dean  bases his- religions-: teachin'gs,-
that, "Thou   shal." not,-''kill?"'\ -But,-
forsooth! the .Dean says^'Weare not
men unless we kill," and-keep in "physical efficiency and!good order with
that end in view."   Again,', is■ it" not
stated in that self-same authority!'.used,
by the Dean; "He that llyeth/tiy the
sword shall perish rby, ; the; .sword"?
■Yet he himself declares that-'oiir sons
should train for''these-.things—' and
i't matters little whethe'rJthey.v'go,-to
eterpal damnation or; not "so' longs as
"His Ecclesiastical Majesty" and liis
friends are comfortable iier'e and-iiow.
The'Dean of Newcastle is hereby
advised" (hat   'the   Australians',  will
eventually    defend   "Australia!1   - not
against fancied enemies, bii't_ against
the ,real enemy of. the .working class,
tlie  class  represented  by- thp  Dean
and the Chamber- of 'Commerce.   And
as the education  of the, people- advances, as it will'do despite the .efforts of these of the privileged clnss,
•to hinder and side track,   „The world's
masses  arc unrestful' now! and  are
seeking that knowledge which' means
power, a knowledge and power when
obtained which" will not. be used un-
justly -as, has Ween taugnt ana practised by the church, but in the direction as spoken 'by that Jesus ' whom
the church worships:   "Ae that will
not work neither shall he' eat."    , Socialism is advancing—and.it behooves
the enemies, of 'the working- class to
put" their house ih",order and "render
unto Caesar.', the    things • that   are
Caesar's,"- and unto the,,workers the
things thayare' the. workers'—which
is all that labor, produces.—The People, Sdyney. N. S. W.
'        •     ,    '  ^..;i.  .'t:!.   ;...v__.- ;-,, ,,
COMBINE AGAINSTjy ...7 ^ ..\    .;
•1 Xy 7 ,'-.>y.INSURANCE ACT';
every week,, and
other public
The current issue ' of the Eastern
Labor News, of, Moncton, N.B., carries
an. article,in a recent issue relative to
the miners-of Nova Scotia,'-in-which
the following .appears: "It is not gen"
erally known, but is a fact capable of
proof, th^j average .amount .received
by those dependent on the coal industry of Nova Scotia "for a livelihood, is
less than it.takes to keep paupers in
the poorhouse of .this country, even
less than, living,'expenses of the inmates of semi-penal institutions, and
not.more than'inmate's of the forty-six
jails in Ontario eke out tlieir .miserable existence'"while." expiating the
crimes of murder, arsch, rape! seduction, burglary', elc. lt is figured-"out
that- each dependent receives $85 per
year. to.live.on,'or something' like'22
cents','per"day., . .ln-the goyernfiiental
institutions, aside from penal and corrective, institutions,"' the average cost
per—inmate—per— day-irango's-betweeiL
23 and'27 cents."   ■       "' '
Z fi ' /„ .  " • '      '    ,
-. .If you wantjo- sec a good show, go
-to the Grand Theatre. ' Your patronage is appreciated.' .    .        ,,;,,-.,
'-' -The men of the Chicago Publishers''
Association, who are fighting, brgariiz-.
ed. labor know; precisely ^what 7they-
believe and whyfthey believe it,". They
have'the full• courage'of their-conyic-
tions. -      -'-■•'    •-..-•     i     •-:,-
- They-stand for,the .relation of Master and Slave with no "obligation on'the
part of the-'Master to provide work,
food or shelter for .the workmen in7his
days -of, health,- or,, refuge, for" him. in'
his'days of weakness and old age.> ■ -y
' They say: ;" ■*.,' V- "•■->•.-'--•"•
■ "We stan,d7for the open shpp—for
the [ fight of every citizen to-'employ'
whom he pleases, when and \where he
pleases, if he is an .employer; to work
when, wlwjre and for whom he pleases
if he, is an employe. ' v t _ ■-. • ~>'
V'Wo. stand - for the right' of the employer to pay whatever he plcsases to
whomever liq' pleases. „.' Labor Is a
commodity! Like all other commodities its value to the consumer is based'
on supply, and demand. '
"If the laborer" Is not satisfied- with
tlip'wages wo pay him'here in Chicago,
let. him go whore wages are 'higher.
If he has no money to go on," that Is' his
own fault or misfortune. ( If he is able
to save nothing for sickness or "old
age that also is'a" purely personal matter with which we have nothing to do."
There we see the doctrines of tlie
open shop in.all its naked^horror.
, Men may-work if tliey can get work.
Tliey. must take what their employer
pleases to! give them, If they,- cannot
find a master or if .they cannot' live on
■what'their master pleases'to give them
then 'they can starve/' „'
" That is the- doctrine .of'the open
shop.  7    .   "        ■ .S ■ •   y ,■    -
,Can you see what -men are fighting
for when'they fight 'for/ the closed
shop-rthe Union, .Shop.'_ ,, y      ,  ,'
.Tliey are fighting'-for the- lives and
happiness of .their, women- and ,chil-'
dren, they are fighting for the right tb
live decently. • ",.
. Ta this end they strike to make it
impossible for .the employer- to pay
"whatever" he pleases to whoever he
pleases."- 'They insist that he shall
pay" union wages to union men,:   -^' -
The master says he cannot stand to
pay what the. union 'deriwrnds. '• The
union says it cannot stand,, to' take
what'the employer .pleases to give on
the theory,that labor.is a commodity
governed by supply and demand.'
. j.s, tliere no answer to' this riddel of.
Capital and Labor? .'•--,":'''.'-'
' Australia has one—compulsory' arbitration—and , Socialism has another,
tion by-the people. .' \,S-
■ If JIr. Publisher'will not accept-the
one,-he is liable-to have the other
crammed down his . throat.—Chicago
Evening World. . -;'.'
Nevy..Measure '.Mofe7U-ipopuj^r-Than ,,
-Sy, .Eyetvr-Uniotis May; Become-'- •£■'.'
'•y 7S."."'-' Passive^Reslsters '">;_.:•"   S ,
7LONTX)nV 'October ^ 1 oyEver - since ■"
the'insnrance act"'came into force they,
feeiiiig'-qf"the 'workers'.has"been* stead-' <
ily.rising.-against,the/nieasure. -'It is 'v
not!the;princip'ie of-.t^act,which has ,"
aroused ppposi tion,7 i if is "rather deci-
sipns!",or'the;'coini_-lssibners ,with re- '•";
gard." to its wo'rkings. No act- has ever
been .placed .on tjieJ.Statute Books ;in
so nebulous'.a condition'and no body,-
of'people' charged; with-"'tlie ^enforce-7
ment> of '.an.-act^eve'r have' been-'endowed wiifc'.suclr..arbltary powers'-'as ■-
the commissioners, of the insurance-
act.   The re'su_t:'is,ln.ats.a number of::
decl'sions'dmve been given which have
raised 'all, sorts of'doubts among tlje
executives of the'-trades unions as to
their-ultimate effect". ^.- This' was' unpopular enough and nothing- but thfr ■
fact "that the existence of thV government* was staked upon it enabled it to
get through the house.   The' unpopu- ;'
larity of the act and the. dislike 'of
what;was possible has, hardened' into
a distinct fear of the actually. ',
.""So;strong is the opposition to the
act as'at present'administered that it
,has been seriously, 'proposed that the
trade  unionist's! should  become  passive resistors"; one 'well .kno__vn leader _
having gone so,far as to'propose that'
they' should combine ( to   "bust >the
thing." •   .    '      '■. "
. .- * fi
Professor li. H. Stock',".head of the''
mining department of 'the University -
of, Illinois,   and, formerly   editor   of,
"Mines and 'Minerals,"'at-the close of y
the last term of the University, took
some examination papers home for.in-'-.
spection. ,'"' ;-   •        ..."■",    •
Seated in his library busy -with the
work,  Mrs, Stock,, who was present,
suddenly heard hini break the.jailei.co"
with a'hearty laugh.-■' When she .inquired the reason ofj-.lt the professor"
seid.-    •■ >'■<.■''••
"Listen,- to the answer to this ques- ■*
tion, 'After the liole is tamped and the
squip-ls Inserted, what should the'min-'-
er'do, next?'      'Yell fire!   light the-
squib and git—t-iie-powder will do the
rest.'"'" _      '";' '" -     • "■ "''■
In answer to Mrs.! Stock's query as
to what-credit he would give for such',
an,answer, .the professor said:    "One
hundred per cent. -The' answer, while
laconic, is, absolutely, correct.".    The -
student who made ,that an'swer,' after '
acquiring„a- mining -''education ■ under
Profesor Stock,'will undoubtedly know
how  to; pra'cticelly^ apply, his   know-
Tedge^'Mlhe^ arici Miii(-va!s7~' 7~y
,Go to Grand Theatre. " Best-pictures in Town. Coming soon '/Equine' spy." " •      '   yy '   "'.
This is for the Man Who Hasn't the
,i   .'-'"'*   ■ ' *
Investments camp on the path of the man who has the coin. He has his choice of anything* on the,market, hut the man. whose capital
consists mostly of inclination and little available money finds but few available opportunities. * IT IS TO SUCH MEN TIT.AT ATHABASCA
LANDING OFFERS A GREAT .OPPORTUNITY, ' ; .       / ' ,, . : '
We have consistently and conservatively advertised ATHABASCA LANDING, not to capitalists but to the man who wmits to -become
a capitalist. - ,/      ."        ,    . y   ,   ' < , .
Wo invite you to consult us, and want to satisfy von that ATHABASCA LANDING is the Best Investment To-Day for the following
reasons: '      /,',,, ,• - •    ■.'■' '",,"'-,.'..',   ''
Read What the Big Capitalists are doing in Athabasca Landing :
Two More Oil Drilling Outfits Shipped Out
Atliiihascn hiiinlini; N.'\vn:
''('onti..-.!.).' A, K. Ki.m-y liiiuli'd two sliitionni'.v sU'iun boilers tliiw
weel. willi their eonipleiiieiilH ol' ilrill tools nml piping, nml will leave
iimiiedintcly with them I'm' the nil I'ields down Hie rivoi.
"One dnlliiiK outfit \h for Ihe (Irmtl North Oil and Asphalt Company whose opi'i'ntions are al Hie mouth ol' the House Wiver, and tlm
oilier is for Hi.' Steep Hunk Oil Company twenty unlet, below M«»-
.Mumiy. HelVire navigation ehmes five or six different eumpanies
will he drilling the Athahasea Oil basin, iih (dl hns already been foiinil,
the date of the uriiiid rush appears to be eoininu pleasantly near."
Mr, <l. K. Cornwall, the euci'KPtie. member of Provincial Parliament
for ihe Peaee l.iver district, and champion ol' Ihe North said:
•'(leiiliinisls claim, within a fow miles tlie largest deposit of tin*
,.:, ! ".". ■■'jilvilt in thn fvm>\A 'Phii Ik m natural imvitii' nintevial
u.'d l!i • M'.iti iiinv'i'd I'V'.i.tii.-. the <•»..'.wr of the vnlh'oiidw. The«.c
(jrcjil asphidl deposits often reach a deplh of lOO'feet mid are found
for miles along tho banlcs of thc Athabasca Kivcr. Dominion Ooi.-
ernmeiil pieidouistsestimate that tlioro are nearly five billion Ions of
■i. nlmll   l..ifi< "        1|_. nlno lit....UK thf'IV IU"C 11ll'  l.'VCIltest   Oil  products  ill
tlie world in the. North, An outfit drilling at Athiibusca Lniwlin^
struck n mishei' which is l'lowiu^ one hundred barrels; that from a
IM.") fool hole.
A large PUIjP nnd PAP1.R MILL Ima beon started, and tho only
Paper Mill West of the Soo in Canada. They have enough pulp wood
in the'Athabasca District to supply all of Western Canada, which
means i\ };roat resource, Him mill boing run with Natural Ous.
Athabasca Landing the Manufacturing and Wholesale Distributing Paint for the Grand Prairie'
and Peace River Country
A Iiii'ko HrieU manufiicliirinpc concern have'installed tlieir plant lo
turn out 50,000 bricks daily, along with several nth *r luuiiufaeturing
concerns which have gone into AthaluiHea, Landing during the last
month, and nil commencing mi thc-irtplauti..
Where Rail and Sail Connect
Athabasca Landing is surrounded hy the best agricultural bind iu
WcMorn Canada,'ith wheal, winning the first prize in competition
with thc world. This is owinw to ils low allitude being M70 feet,
NnviM' known to have a hailstorm in this district,
Gas Galore
Klow bigfjer than Pelican.    Town will be .i(jUt_... right away.
Alhabasca Landing K'ews, October 12th, 1012,
''An we yo to press we lonni that « iremendoiiH llow ol g«i. *v\.\(. m-
countered thin morning in the drilling operations nt .ho edge of
town.    Tho flow is declared to bo much heavier than tlio funi-Hix well
at Pelican Rapids, and the deafening noise of the escape is so groat
thnt one ennnot stand closo to it. II. A.'lioiiniu\j>ros.dont ol' the
company, wives thnt nrrnngeiiientH will be made to light up the town
right nway.        ■ \
Athabasca Landing the Great Northern Terminal
Canadian Northern Rnilwny from l.dinontou to Athabasca Landing j Unnadian Pneifie Railway from Udmonton to Athabasca Landing; Caiifidian Pacific Rfiilwny from Wilkle.
The TrniiH-Pacific, Mclvenzie Him'm nnd Hudson's Pny railroads
have a charter to Athiibnsea Landing and Ihe Provincial flovernment
have gunrnnteed tho bonds for 11 rond from hern to Fort MoMurrny,
nnd one to Pence River Cros»_ny and one to ,Lne Ln Piche. The
Ciimidiiiu Pticii'ie Railroad to Peace Pivot* CroHsingj Caniuliini Northern lt-'lrond ;rom Unltlefordi 'iriunl Trunk Paetfie i'l'om Prince Albert; Canadian NnCthern Railroad from Prince AHWt.
Stop arid realizo with thoso Railroads Qoiriff to Athabasca Landing
What a Big City this will bo.
Whon thoso largo concerns aro investing thoir millions why cannot
the small investor reap the same percentage of the great 'profits?
Realize with these railroads going to Athabasca Lauding what a great
city it will he. -
ilOW i. _-.<. i'llliv IjU iiiv.il .*..».__ j._Uii a'.'C vio1.".!
tiie big boom mid puy hwui iniwa, und when Investing &o it with ..
roliable firm and buy direct from tbo owners and you aro not paying
two profits.
We luivo thc best proporty in AthnlMHon Landing with a good gunr-
ini...-r, itiii. .ii im-. i.fi\7f. y.l. _,v J..-.I i':'.'.:r.'. F ." f*:j;f?:"." .<«:•»i.."Vi»..i
nnd Atliahnsen Landing Donnl of Trade Literature hoo tlie^arBORt
Real Kstato operntorH iu Western Cnnndn,
McCutcheon  Bros.,   Liphardt Block, Fernie, B.C.
HKA1) OKPICK:   Cidgary^    HranehcN: Toronto, Reginn, MouhcJhw, Kilnmntou. Ottawa, Victoria, B. C. Hrantfonl. Montrenl; l.om.0.., Krifirlnml; OlnsRow, Scotland.
' •^Wl*W«_M«Wwri_**-.W&J_* ,
: iitoi«(l»"_.<n^n .IV   *>& WTy^'y-yssxxmyyy
.»' \ t'-'v f/y '•'. fc- ■ --r">-"1'-""■**-'>■'*•
-<- •'1. .-"
"■■ y7: y-r-.-^'7yyyy^^;,y-r- 7
'  7 '•'•■'• i'y- ., 77-'j> i^-^.V*;'''-''7''*%'n7'.'''&'!■'.7>7 '* .•'. >-   ,-,f-'..- '
v     'thf^disteict ledger, fernie^b..c.;October 19,1912.
sv,\ .
Deafness .Cannot B«? Cured.
by local applications, as they cannot reach the
diseased .portion,'of the^ear.-There Is-only.one
.way to cure deafness, and that Is . by constitution-.'
a) remedies.. Deafness"Is caused br an inflamed
condition of tbe mucous lining of tbe,Eustachian
Tube.,-When this 'tube-Is lnflamed'you'have.a
rumbling-sound or, imperfect hearing,. and when
It-Is entirely, closed .Deafness is the-result, and
unless.- tbe" inflammation; can be-.taken out- and
thia.tube -restored,,to" its normal condition, hearing will be-destroyed forever; nine cases out.of
- ten are caused by.Catarrh,' which.is.nothing but
an Inflamed condition of the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars for any casa
of Deafness-(caused*by catarrh) that cannot be
cured-by Hall's ■ Catarrh Cure.'vSend for circa-
]_lts   free v *-
.. ''.;   ,' F. ^CHENE! .& CO.. Toledo," 0.'
■Sold br Druggists, 75..'-   '/.", ■ "',•-•' .;-,.'
.; Take Hall's FamlJV Pills for'constipatio*.   -.
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms, Best of
Food arid every
THOS. DUNCAN " Passburg
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
l ' t
Gents'- Furnishings '    .
, /   . v'* •- '   -'■      .'''•'._•"    *'
Th0 Hotel
6ne of the
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
Cr E R
• t
• i
• t
■ „
• «
■ c
, f»n>¥>>»»»vy<i»»iiiiiiiiii_i_i_iii_i
Asrent   Fernte   Brandt
Pellatt.  Ave.    North
For pUfxPyoreign Brotkeirg
,   PR^-sbciALISM
L.E. McDonald
'. .     : and.-
Expreaa and Dellvj}|ry -Wagon' ,a
SpoelaUty   .
The New and
-to-date Hotel
Or. de Van's Female Pills
■•; A reliable French regulator t never faili, These
pills are exceedingly powerful in regulttlnf the
generative portion of tno female syatom, Kefuie
all cheap Imitation!, Dr. de Tan's are sold at
•5r box, nr three lor $10. Mailed to any address.
The Bootoll Drue Co., Bl. Catherines, Onfc
and   *
Every person likes to be comfortable. We have the latest
design of steam heating appa- -
■ ratus In every room. Our, menu,
•is the best. We guarantee satisfaction. Two blocks from C.
P. R. Depot. Old and new faces
.' New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
Moalfl that tasto liko
mothor used to cook
Best in the Pass
Joi. Grafton. Proprietor.
Liquor Co.
Wholesale Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
,,u. NAMK 8EC, and P. 0. ADDRESS
89   Onnkhend .., F. Wheatley, Dnnldiood, Alta.
411  Beaver Greek..,,,, D, Kemp, Denver Creek, via Plncher
.21   J_ ;V. v i........ J. _>u. _.«, tittmutt, Frank, Alta.
11M   TttMrTnor<v Vt, lv EfW*, UUd, A.U.
0.0  IVurmle  3. Maiden, Paiaburg, Alta,
9917  Carbondalo  J. Mitchell. tarbondele, Coleman, Alt*.
1917  Canmoro  N. D. Thao huh. Canmoro, Alta,
3633  Coleman  W. Graham, Coloman, Alto.
:.:: £'_...--_,   v.. _>_..t-c», Ofiiwi-, tt.o.
1128  Chinook Mlnei .... J. 8antonl, Chinook Mlnoa, AHa.
9171  Diamond Olty Albert Zak, Diamond City, Lethbrldie.
131.   Fernio  Thoi. Uphill, Fernie, B. O,
1968  Frank..,,,......,...Bran Morgan, Frank, Alta.
l.07..Hoim«r W, Balden tone, Hosmor, B. C.
1058   Hllleroit,,.    Ooorirw B amboroiifh, FHIMwie, A!ta.
574  Utbbrldfe,; L. Moore,   «0e, Slcteestb St. North Uthbrldge.
1189   Lethbridfte CollleriM Frank 1»« ringhm, ffflfl,, Tfa„ KTpp, Alta.
1988  LUle  W, U Evan*, Wile, Frank, Atta
8929  Maple Leaf...;,.. J. Mu.d_.l_, paaaborc Alta.
UU   Mlebel,., il. Bnrran, UlebeJ, B.a        '
9952   PAMburg  A. Zurtar, Paaeborg, Alta.
2SI»  Royal Vtow  0*9. Jordta, Royal CotllcrtM, IMVMtg*. Alta.
1IBI  Tr_ber A. PattarMo, Tab#r, Alf*.
1M" Taber............. Wm. Forayih. Taber, Alta.
'.-'   E; V.,Debs';.;./>,T    '
Je devafdesiat "mlllionov - pri£in;'
pre5o by ste mali vollt' pre Socialism,
a jedna ka2da.z"nlch'je-iijuca''huijia^-
na priijeina*. -> ^ • ;" > '
Ako, vyrabatelia veSkereho bohat-
stva svojim hmotnjir. 7 ziaujmom,. lebo
nestava,2iadneho polltickSho oClstca v
naSom narode 1 pri veSkerych.poku-'
soch, zufalycli kapitallstlckych,l tak
zvanych pokrokovycli politlkarov,'ktorl
radl neaky zaloill..- Jedine socialism
representuje hmotne nebo pre tych
ktori pracuju, a len socialisticka strana
dava prostrledky k docielenlu toho ne-
ba hospodarskej hojnostl, ktoru praca
robotnlka vyraba v miere prekypuju-
cej. • ,
Kapitallsm representuje hospodar-
ske peklo pomerov a sovrene biedy,
degradacu a prostituciu' pre, tycii,
ktori pracuju v pekle torn, v ktorom vy
teraz exlstujete, a jedna, kaida politi-
cka strana okrem strany socialistickej
je pre zyaCSenie tohoto pejtla kapita-
Hsmu.    ',
Po prvy raz v historii,vy, ktori pra-
cujete, ovladate silu, ■ pokojne zlep§lt'
svoje vlastne pomery. Ten malv ku-
sok:papieru, ktory v den vo'lebny dr2l-
te-vo'-.vojJch ruka'ch, je mocnej§i, ne2
v^Skere vpjenske afmady vSetkych
kral'ov.'sveta. Tomuto ballotu vol'a
vSetkych despotov must sa podrobit';,
pred jeho rozhodnutim bajecna; sila
pena_na's'a rozplynle ako'tmava hmla
pred ranajslm slncom.     .
Na politickom bojiSti robotnik oa
stretne s milllonarom' v alvia lutn«j
rovnos£l. Vy, ktori pracujete, moiete
ktorykql'vek den vol'bou vyhladlt'- sys-
ktory okrada a >ykorist'uje vas, lebo
vas je.mnoho a va&ich uttskovatel'ov
nlekol'ko. ' .. s
" Vy, ktori pracujete, ste' rozhodcami
svojho ylastneho osudu, nikdy nepoz-
naneho robotnikmilsveta.' *'
,V jednbm .nekrvavoin bojimoZete
urQblt' biede konec; vy saml vlastnite
kl'-i*, ktory otvoriokovy, viaJucie vas
k doiivotnej praci7
Na vas rozkaz, milliony detskych ot-
rokov, teraz pracujucich v tovarna'ch
a baniach. kapitalu, btidu pochodovat*
k radostriej svobode:   . """
Lebo' niusite vollt' pre 'kaplklism a
jeho- stale vzrastajucu biedu a prosti-
tuciu-preTobotnictvo, jeho annaduT
policiu a sudy, ktorymi vnucuje vam
syoje bestlalne'pomery—alebo musite
vollt', pre, socialism; ktory proklamuje
induBtrialny mier ' namiesto boja ho-
jnost' namiesto .biedy-, lasku a SCistotu
namiesto prostitucie. ....
Na vecl'nemenl,'akym menom poll-
ticke strany. kapltalismu su pokrstene,
republikanska, demokratlck'a, progres-
slvna, su vsetky jednake, a* su pre neu-
stale-trvanle kapltalismu so vSetkyml
jeho hruzaml, prostituclou'. a korrup-
ciou v meste, State a celej zemi.
Pre vas, robotnicl tohoto naroda, je
len Jedna otazka y tejto ftampanl, a tou
otazkou je socialism proti kapltaltBmu.
Vedl'a tejto otazky vSetky oBtatne vj^
bl'adnu v puhu nepatrnost'. V, mene
clvlllsacle, socialism vyzyva kapitallsm k oBpravedlneniu joho prava k
Tu mame prlmarnu polltleki. otaz-ku
tak zrejmu a pochopltol'nu, ako bola
otazka medzl hlasatel'ml otroctva l'ud-
skeho a jeho ruSitel'ml pred polstole-
tlm.  '
Kapitallsm dnes stojl v celojayojoj
skryvanej nahoto. Jeho politick! re-
presentantl, nech u2 druhu akcholcol'
vek, musla ospravedli.lt' vfieobcenu
chudobu, ktora zavlada medzl robot-
nlct.om tohoto naroda. Ont musia
ospravedlnlt' multlmllllonarov a 2obra-
kov, Onl> musla ospravedlnlt' znbl-
Jnnlo robotnlkov vo fabrlkach. Onl
musla osprnvod stain armadu neza-
mostnanych. Onl musla ospravodlntt'
zflnw.Btnnnlo milliony 21on a matlek,
dcor a sostlor za plat, ktory Ich Xonle
do bahna kapltullsmu.
Onl musla ospravedlnlt' dctsko ot*
roetvo, ktoro prlkovava vlacoj neJll
dva milliony bozmocnych dletok ku ko*
lorn modornhoo kapltalismu.
Onl musla oipravedlnlt' obClunsku a
iwlltlcku lintlobu, pronikajufiu lnetttu-
olu kapltalismu ako. tlvuco malomo-
conitvo a evadzajucu pollclstu v jeho
oluibo pravo tak, ako tudcu v jeho
Onl musla ospravedlnlt' prootltucUs
tin _o a kazatol'ov ikol a> unlvoralt,
ktorl alulla xaujmpm kapitalu a tym
otravuju blavy naroda n jeho Intolll-
Vedl'a tychto hrosnych dok««ov «k
dettneko, akinaakrte blbo je itebot-
ante o "tarlffa," "kontrolle korporacll,"
"doitojnoitl sudoov," "kradoll dolofra-
toy na narodnoj konvoncll, kapltallatl-
okych atran." n no) «'n inveh "nt* .■m- »
ktorymi kapttallam hl'adl rohoti.lU*
oauait o jobo hlas!
Molei, tnoj apolurobotniku, oipra-
r»dlnlt' doreru v kaplUUam proti tomuto rotaudkuT Zalato le katdoden*
na S-kuaeiKHrt* v tvojom tivot* n tV.i«-».
nom' tvojkh drahych Ja hrozncJJIro
rouudkom nad .kapltallamom, neill
pero amrtornlka mole naplant*.
V mono mleru a bojnoitl, v mono
ctl a cnoeli, v mono mulakontl, ton-
akoitl • detatva tohoto naroda, mal bya
ffiif tvoj hlao v proafxich WMlnllnmu.
V mono 1'Ddakootl socialism tv* fa k
uhn-tuflWtuIu p*>4 »voj proper.
Polrial' ty ration nltvat', Co kaplul-
Um vlilatnl, moderou» ttroU k v>r_lw< a
dopraw. dollar tlol badol otrokonv, a
t?o}a low* a tr»Ur.«enrj budu plnlf
dvpata' bobifor * trojfe dletky oUu>
r.iiT<< brrdu OttiUU. l'kul»k*. hi»l>W<>»>*l.
At potior bvdotmtJle nmiw_.n_.n-
ych masich bratov .bludtt' pp" ullciach'
a bude im upierarie pravo na'uhajenie
puhej existencie.' '     "\
Az potia'l' biideS ty a^. tvoji'- bratia
spolurobotniei pinit" krimirialy,-blazin-
ce a chudobince—o'iet? lirabivosti a
lakomstva plutokracie. ;J _ ,'" \
V mene, tejto'''demokracie,- .ktora-
znamena koneCne.vseobecne bratstvo,
mali by ste volit' pre .socialism. Je to
vSeobecna- zaruka, ktora viaZe dedict-
vo,vSetkych, jazykov, vSetkych narodov
a jej heslom'je "laska a svoboda."   ,,
Circolo Operalo Italiano
No. 110
N. S.
Questa societa'ha stabllito una tarl-
fa/di amlssione-per 1 vecchi membri
como segue:
Dai 18 a 30 anni  >....$_.Q0   -
' Dai 30 a 40, anni  $5.00
Dai 40 a 50 anni  '..$8.00'
La rata messile sono di uno scudo
(li.oo).V      '. •"• -<.    .'
• Ilsussldio degji .ammalatti riciever-
ano la somma dl" 8 dollari" alia setti-
mana per lo spazio dl sei mesi dopo
la prima settimana di malattia, questo sussidio se pagano dopo sei mesi di
entrata. Per megliori informazzioni
rivolgesi agli ufficiali della sudetta
i3ocieta. ' *     "
Per - alcuni miembri della Colonia
italiana di Fernie sono stato avver-
tito de stabilire una classe-'de sera
per istruzzione In- lingua inglese ma,
prima de cominciare questa classe,
desideraria a meno* un > numero' sufi-
ciente di cuaraenta allievi.
Per megliori informazzioni doinan-*
dara ai-Signori T. Mazzanobile, Francisco "Santoni o al ufficio di J. W.
Bennett di frontl alia Posta.
Anchre desidero-stabilire una classe
della medessima in Hosmer e Michel.
A Silver Tea Service
Tetley's Tea Contest
/ ; -
in Trites-Wood's Window
Contest closes Monday evening/
Oct 21, at 6 o'clock
Han L: Benson in Pearson's Magazine.,
"OhJ" the capitalist gentlemen
!.ay, "but you Socialists are not busi-'
ness men, and business men are required to manage industries. A Socialist government would, therefore,
fail."      , '        .. ''-.
Under Socialism
- Mayor Gaynor expressed much the
same thought in a statement about
Socialism that he- prepared for the
New York Times. Mr. Gaynor's attitude > toward Socialism is tolerant—
'almost'sympathetic—yet he asked:
"Who"" would run youv Socialist
government'?,'. Where would you get
honest and competent men? Would
the human understanding and capacity be larger than it ls now?"
Wherever.-Socialism is discussed
such questions are asked.     Thev are
Let us get down to brass tacks.
If the Socialists were to gain control
of this'.'government tomorrow, probably the* first thing they would*do
toward carrying out their program
would be'to call' a' national convention._■,,to. draft a, twentieth century
constitution, to replace   our   present
eighteenth century one.,7 The convention would abolish the Senate, vest'
the entire legislative power ln the
House of Representatives, destroy the
Unltd States Supreme Court's usurped power to declare acts of Congress
unconstitutional, make all judges elective by the people and establish the In-
itative, the referendum and recall, Socialists would not attempt to establish
Socialism without first clearing the
ground bo that "the people could control their government absolutely.
No Rip, No Jar
The work of tho convention having boon approved by the people, perhaps the first trust that would be taken ovor would be tho railroad trust.
It would be a big job. It would be
so big a job that no other similar job
would be undertaken until tho completion of Tho railroad job was well under
way, the railroad job might require a
year or two. I montlon this fact to
show that it would not bo the purpoao
of a Socialist administration to rip tha
country up from Main to Southern California within twenty-four houra from
tho fourth of March. In fact, there
would bo no ripping or jarring, am I
Bhall soon show, Qver'ythlnir would
nrocoed In an onlorly, lawful manner.
I say thoro would bo no ripping or
jarring, because thore would bo no
cosaatton of Industry, Let us, sup-
poao, for Instance, that thn ownership
and control of tho railroads had boon
transferred from tho preaont owners
to tho govornmont, What would happen? Abiolutoly nothing In thn naturo of a Jar What happona now
whon ono group of capltallRtH sell n
rnilroad to another group of capitalists? Nothlnn, of course, Tho now
ownnrs tell tho Ronoral pianager to
koop on running tralni ai usual, or
If they Install a new manager, thoy loll
him to koop on running trains, Tho
tratnmon, If they did not rend tho nows
papers, would not know that tho rond
hhd changed hands. i|
Th*- trnrmformntlnt. fr«tri prlvnto In
public ownorohlp would ho accomplished precisely aa smoothly, Tbo only
chniigo would be In tho ordora that a
Bn'lalUt administration would give to
the Chief *»T«>C11f.Vft Otttrora nQ •♦'.. .""'.'
roads. That order, In subatanco
would be. "Don't try to make any profits out of tho railroads. Hun them
nt cost. Qfve tlio men more waget.
and shorter hours, and glvo the pub-
lb tbe bost possible sorvlco at the
}.!*('». |.->-._..j*it. rain and with tbo loa .*.
pri-slble risk to human Ufa."
I. you can manufacture a riot out
or such Ingredients, go to It. If yo t
on figure out how tueb a prot-ta-
fii£ would disrupt dvllliallon, prn-
reod at your leisure.
Tbe c«nU are ali down. You no*
Wluw *U_-i tb* i»oe.»-.#_• want to rt"-
Where la tbo danger?     u
-   Plenty of Honeat Men
In answer to  Mayor Gaynor    and
others,    Socialists,    therefore,    make
these replies:
Capitalists are now able to get honest men who- are competent to' administer the government in the interest of the capitalits class. Why,
then, should you doubt that Socialists will be able to get honest men
who will be able to administer the
government in the interests - of the
working cass? In either,case, it ls
simply a matter of executing the orders of the employer. - Capitalisms'
employes obey their orders. Socialism's, employes , will", for the same
reason, obey its orders. You tell your
employes to maintain, tbe advantage
evidently regarded as Insuperable ob-
stacles to Socialism. As a'matter of
fact, tliey .serve only to show how
little the'questioners know of Socialism. : ,
Socialists, do not purpose to establish hatcheries for the breeding, by
special creation ,of a class of super-'
men to administer government and
manage tlndus'try. They will depend
upon the regular run of the human
race for material with which,to work
out their Ideas, But they will approach the subjects of government and
Industry from a different point of view.
The capitalist's conception of honest
and efficient government Is that, sort
of government that will best • protept
him-in the enjoyment of the unjust advantages that he has over the rest
of the people. The capitalist's conception of honest and efficient business management is that sort of business management thut will yield
him tho moBt profits upon, the least
capital. The Socialist's conception of
the'best government )b that which
glvoB no man un advantage over another, whllo giving ..very man the
greatost opportunity to exercise his
facultlos, together with the greatest degree of personal liberty that is consistent with tho liberty of ovorybody
'else 'And, tho Socialist's conception
of honost and efficient business management Ib that sort of management
that produces tho most product undor
tho bout working conditions at thn
least cost nnd distributes it among the
pooplo without profit.
that flRTfew l_ave~over the many, and
they obey you. We shall tell our employes to destroy the advantage that
the fewhave over the many. We believe they will obey us. If they'do
not, we shall recall them. That is
more than you.can now do.,
The Purpose is Different
' Mayor Gaynor and others also ask
if the "human understanding.and ca;
paclty" would be larger under Social-'
ism than thoy are now. n Positively
not. But we respectfully beg leave
lo suggest' that It Is not a matter of
understanding or capacity. It is a
matter of purpose and Intention. Men
"understand" what they are given to
understand, If n man is told to understand the problem of grinding human
beings down to push dividends up, ho
devotes his mind to this task and to
no other. If the same man were told. ' ■
to grind dividends down to the vanishing point and hoist human beings high'
and, dry above the poverty point, be
would probably understand that, too.
And so far as capacity is concerned,
we already have the capacity for, great
productive effort. We simply are' not
permitted to exercise enough of it to'
keep us in comfort. Socialism would'
not Increase the capacity of the human mind, but it woud give the na- , -
tion an opportunity to exercise, tne
capacity it has. •    ■'    •
In a Nutshell •';
To' simmer' the whole mattefj_nto_a.L___
few "words: Socialism, would endeavor 7
to place government and industry Ir. *
the hands of men who would con-}
slder every problem and every opv
portunlty from' the point of view, of,, ■
the working class. It ls the reserve!
of this-method against which Social^
ists complain. Capitalists are compel^
ed to consider the working class last-
In order .that they may consider thern^
aelves first" Tlie interest's of'tho capl^
tallst class and the working cIiibs, in*'
stead of being "Identical," are hostile.
The capitalist class seeks a maximum
of product for a minimum of wages.'
The working class seeks a maximum of
wages for n minimum of product. The*
two classes are at war with each other
for possession of the values that the
working class creates.
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund ....
6,000,000      Capital Paid Up ....   •   6,460,000
6,460,000      Total A.seta      72,000,000
D. R, WILKIE, President .      MON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlco-Prea.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloopi. Mlohel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelitoke, Vancouvor and Victoria,
Merest allowed on deponts at current rate from date of dopoolt,
Mri. Wllion, 110 Wlckaon Ave,,
Toropto, layi! " About tour yoara ago
a aoro ipot appeared on tho right sldo
of my face. Thli spot Incroasod in
alio until lt becomo about half an Inch
In dlarootor and vory painful. I wont
to a doctor, but tlio ointment ho gavo
me did not have any good effect. Tho
■oro continued to dlichargo froely, and
was moit painful. I had It cauterised,
tried poultices, and all kinds of aalvei,
but It waa no good, and I continued to
luffor from It for four years!
"A sample of Znm-Puk won one day
glvon to mo, and I vied lt. Although
tho quantity waa ao amnll, It noemod to
do me nome good, ao I purchased a fur*
ther supply.
"j_»ch box did me moro and moro
_,-_ .'fl, Mil), ._> __..' _.7.J.(,.U, W-'.'o 1 U-i
been using Zam-Duk three veeki, I saw
tbat It waa going to beal the tore. In
leu than a month It was boalodl
"I know t lady ln tho east of tho
city, whoio husband aufforcd for years
-u.il. &'*. ^v'-i* »■•»** V* >••<• f't-tii     ^~  •'")
recommendation, Zam-Duk tu tried
Id tbat cate. Tbe otber day, when I
aaw ber, ehe told tne tbat it bad healed
the eore completely.
"My daughter, wbo Uvea Id Lethbridge, Alta., baa alio need Zam-Duk
tub the aame tatlifactory mule I
think It la, U/onA all doubt, «h»nn«»t
fcaalieg 'bain knows,**
Btrfffi fs tbo opinion of all owmne
«bo bare really tried Zam-Duk. It
li a eore core for ecsema, pile*,
abftMMtiet. uleers, scalp aorta, ringworm, cute, burn*, scald*, brulsca.
and all akin Injuries and disuses.
I4& bot, all 4mgg!*ta and atorci. ot
yeet froo fro* taavl-tilr Co., T^ronf*
for price, fa nit ef .bin disease uji
alM ZaiB-Bnk teep. Ife. tablet.
Insurance, Real Estate
** *■
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
Jinny Having Ari'OiintH nro ■>pi'j...il willi thf Hunk* l»y pi'monn
wlio nro netting iixiflo nmnll mno.mts., from tim** tr* time*, to mitkc provision fur tlit; payment of ii life inNumni'*> premium; tliNi'liiir^' n mort-
ff/iff»> nr ..i.>.»f Mime similffr »t?i?fg..fi'-i... TJi<"-' "h'rt timo K.ivinK*
Aff-OWitN nn? rrmlily noeeptnlilo to tho Monu' Hnnk, nml full cetti-
\M\\\\i\ in.'-."'*! ih \u\'n\ iluruiir tht* round perm.) that the money
remain* on .li-poi.it.
Branch.* and conaectloui
threat bout Caned*
«T. T. Macdonaid, Manager. Fernie. ir.   ^,i    ' *'  .--".. i'\J:^f.-1-^*."- *>.- -IWVi-HvV..   -"JT-    -,    ' ff ** .'. _».-i:-»'_«*_  -I'"-- v    9  -- _._._.,.'     , vm,^-...^ .. -v 'vv3J_ '-- -- '' ~ -\   .'-.\.-V   -  -' -■&".<,.'
■„•'*.  --' --.I'-'.f^vx-:-; J-' --J";' ^"JSf«-   *.--      .-,- •'   _ '1"is\>jiJ. -VI '-','-'-.-•",     «     J _.•-_'-- •&,-•*'.-"; f'Oi -. -i > ■ - • '    - . .     '■'■*:
1   "" ". 7'-  y'° ;,v 7=" .' -  7' . •   "'  ''] K-i77"-';~7"' yS.'l-.':y-7 yy'S r :"S7'7'r\J I "•"    »" ~.-<-'^' '"■ *
">       ' 'i   '':.--.   - -       '--,"-. -  "  - . -~1~      .""'".''"-.-    -■'<''-    .   „ 7:.>      --."• -  _.    --. . .
IJ-JJvft^   "•
n -mv.
k at
*y.*"   p. r< -y        *•« ^^k     y j
* .    -t. ,
No coupons, no Wrappers, no Obligation to buy.   The window contains a-display; of Tetley!^
centre, estimate its weight in pounds and ounces, then register your name and guess in the book..;;Tlie first one guessing thecorrect or: nearest
to correct weight receives the Tea Service Free, ■ ■. Should tliere be more than one eqiially correct guess, each
Pounds of Tetley's New^ 40c Tea.   Contest closes Monday, Oct. 21st. \ ^ ; *v      .     \
•   We are offering "Ladies' Suits for Saturday and Monday at almost cost.
All are the latest models:     Everyone will find suitable selections.    ■   '
Suits which we regularly sell at $3*5.00 and $32.00.      Special at $25.00.
Others as follows: '    , •    .
Regular $35.<X)) $30.00, $27.50, and $25.00 Special $22.50.
Regular $36.00,J $29.75, $27.50, $25.00' and $21.00 Special $18.50.
As an extra Special good selection of regular. $17.50 Suits at $13.50: . ,^, "
SERGES , TWEEDS ?   ;   y.,-
Dress Goods
Medium weight Scotch Tweed, Dress
Goods, 50 inches wide; several colors
to select from.    Good value at 75c.
. .Special Price 50c. yard.
Ludies' Sweaters, All Wool, positively
handknit, close weave solid colors or
trimmings of different colors.     Styles
are all very attractive.-
Prices ' are generally reduced and
everyone will find quality and selection
to suit their pocket-hook   and   taste.
Prices: $2.90    $3.75     $4.00     $4.25
$5.00    $5.50    $6.75    $7.75     $10.00,
Childrens Sweaters
Special lot, good <|nnlily, just the
tiling for the kiddies:
Regular $1.00 Special     .90
Regular $1.25 Special $1.00
Rogulnr $1.75 Special $1.50
Rogulnr $2.75 ' Special $2.25
Children's Knitted
Warm, sorvic.inhU', woll mndo,    all
' ooloi'H.    Pricos 35c,    45o.    50o. and
Babies' Hoods
KniUinl- H««ir Hkin or Ctolli, 50c. 05c.
75c„ 85c, and $1.00.
Babies Jackets
Knitted or Eiderdown; nicely nuulc;
excellent (|unlity, 60c, 00c, 75c and
Children's Dolls
Wo huvr j"'-'. roooivod tho cuti^t Utile ('ompiinion for tho ohildron—n Poll
thnt i» just full of oxpi .'ssion. Thoro
i« tint n littlo girl in Fornio who will
not insist upon having ono.     Ask for
,1        fi    l       1" 1
Ladies pressing
y '     - ■    '      '-',•■.'
Ladies' Dressing Sacques . ' -
New ari'ivals; fine selection; prices
85c. to $2.25.
Ladies Coats
Our latest arrivals .are   beautifully -
made of stylish ,Near-Seal.     Be sure
to se thorn.    This   is - coat   weather.
Prices range from $8,00 to $45.00.
Ladies Underwear
Travellers' Samples. All at special
prices. Flecco, Ribbed and All Wooj, in
Natural and White.
Ladies Corsets
Ih'okfii lines of standard makes; nil
good qunlity.    Special nt 95c.
We are 'closing out several lines of
Cornet.., Among thorn nro snob makes
uh "VV. U„" "T/D.," nud llins Filled.
Rogulnr prices $2.50, $11,00 and $3.50.
Special at $1,75.
UuKiiliir $-1.00, $-1.25 and $4.75.
Special at $2.50,
Ladies Hose
flood   quality   Cnsliim-Hi.    Regular
Wm, por pair.   Spocial 26c
Our Ladies' Hat Department is now
showing a new assortment of tho vory
btyiisn .Trench and Auieuwu Cicaliwijn,
Prices are vory reasonable, from $1.96
up to $15.00. ■*.
Mako your seloction while tho assort-
TT.rkt>t ii Inrirp
Grocery  Specials
Gold Standard Liquid .Blue, per bottle1 ....' .15
Quaker Oats, 5, lb. packages with china     .25
Braid's Best Coffee,"fresh ground, 2 lbs. for . .85
Thompson's Coffee Essence, 2 lbs. for .....    .25
Tetley's Cocoa, y2 lb Tin  /.    .35
Tetley's Bulk Tea, No.-21, 3 lbs. .!....,.. .$1.00
Tetley's Brown Label Ttea,';3 lb. tin  .$1.00
Tetley's Red Label Tea; per lb. 7. 40
Okanogan, Potatoes, per 100 lb.  $1.25 ,
Queen.Quality Tomato;Catsup, pints .....7   -25
Queen - Quality Pickles," 20 oz     .25
Robin ,|lood Flour, 98's;. _... '.$3.65.
..Crystal IJard, 3 lb. pails*.,,. ,    ...55"
' Crystal Lard, 5 lb. pails V :.. .....    .80
Shield Ham, .'-per;' lb.   ..,. 7 :.. .i..,.,-   .23,,
' Banquet Bacon, per lb ./v.. .'. -. '.-23
, Finan -Haddie, "per lb"",;.....,..; :. 7.^ .15^
Fresh Killed Chickens,, per lb.. 1  .V..    .28
Simcoe Family Beans, No. 2 size.../ 25:
-  '• y   ' ' ,- -     !'   S.y, *'   -:""     •    -"    7-.T    '>'y
White Swan Laundry'Soap, 12 bars for ....' ' .45'
Toilet Soaps, regular .35,and .40 boxes at.. •: .25
'■   - '   ",: .   ;•   IV.   V-,'0!"    '   -j'i   '     .,",..      -.    ' ,iV'i
White Laundry Starfeh, 3 pkg'. for' _-..    .25
Tuxedo Jelly Powders, 4 fori '   .25
■   ■•      .      ■      - ■'•   l •'. ._' „ , .  -■-'
,Tuxedo Black Pepper, 14 lb.,3 tins for 25 •'
..,,'.'    '• .' -'-7    •■••' ■   it-;        -,   7 -    -,-
Canned Corn, 3"tins for  ...'..•...    .35
Fine English Malt Vinegar, quffrt bottles.....    .25
White Swan,Washing Powder, 3 pkgs. for ..'   .25
, White Swan Yeast"6 pkgs. for * .'.;'   .25
T "Tetley's Tea, Please" X
* £
y ..
$15-00   ,   ,
Saturday and'^Monday . y y
•."Fine Worsted,Suits in brown, blue
and^ black, also good line of'tweeds-at
same price. , These are fine quality
goods and will give perfect satisfaction
at $15.00. '   - .    - 7-   ■
.. Men's.extra heavy 'Ribbed Wool Un-
~.der,wear, ■_ double 'breasted.'    Special
Satiifday and Monday, $1.75.
.wool socks     ; ;
Men's heavy Wool Soc^s.     Special,
5 pairs for $1.00. . n ,     "•>_   c "
: -"-' '-  -    ■   "$12.50 -   - .'■' :   "
y ,-■•-'•.■ .    , . . ■
Saturday and Monday  . .
Fine, worsted, Suits . iu', blue \ only. ■
Double breasted, well made throughout,
.Avill give good service.and at $12.50 are ,
. unusual v(alue.     Be sure to see them.'
Wool Flannel Shirts
- Men's J*urel,Wool   Flannel    Shirts,
_ navy only, extra heavy,weight.    .Excellent value;   very*'warm. -   Special
$1.25.- yy >.. ■'_{ -'7 .,:-..'.■' ■"■,'
•'S- 7\> ""'Heavy7Qloves''--'..'
" •'  Men's genuine Horsehide-lined Glov-'
■ es; guaranteedr to   give good service/
Saturday'and Monday only,.$1.00. •'.'.
7 .High grade Felt Hats in the new
'- Velour and Scratch-up finish, stylish,,
)   serviceable',7upus]ijally. good value.-'
v,'-.- ■.!.,; .','• DUCK COATS
'   !      20 per cent Reduction «*'
■- • A; few sample Coats in Duck with
Sheep;"lining.7'Saturday only; .at 20'
per cent .below regular price. This is
a good chance to save ,
'■•'•'•''-''7 ';  Fine Gloves   .7
*   Large stock • of .fine jneh 's Gloves in.
,the popular makes;: excellent assortment at. prices' from 75c. to $3.00 pair.
■ • Fine Shirts • "Wi-    ' -
/; i-y -■ ■" ' 'y f- f, "'.« - ' 1 ;."'
/We are agents for the :^rell known
Cluett-Peabody Men's ..Shirts. ■ These
are. recognized-' everywhere - as . fine
goods. Now assortment Jias just arrived., ,- Buy Cluett 'Shirt^-The Best.'
7  '„■:/' *   MADE TO MEASURE SUITS;   ""
.- We give special attention to all Made to Order Suits,and guarantee Fit,
Workmanship, Quality and Style.   Have your Winter Suits made .especially
for you and know real satisfaction.
Grey All Wool and Mixed Cotton
Those nro very heavy and of oxcollent quality,
JiinI the thing for tho workingman.
Prices:.. $2.26   $2,75   $3.00 , $3.75   $4,00   $4.25
and $5.50.
House Furnishings
Draperies     Carpets
• #
Men's Heavy Guiii ltubbovs, Solid
I     Ilool nnd Rolled 'Kdgo, 3 lnoo holes,
sizei-i 0 to 11.   Special at $2.65.
Men's Gum Rubbors, solid hool, rolled edge, 4 lnco holes, sizes 0 to 11.
Specially good valuo at $3.50.
Men's two.bi.cl.lo rubber, Just tho
thing for those who work in wot placos,
Special at $2,60, '
'Empress Ladies' Shoos. High top;
Inn Ion, Miido ofNbox call' und heavy
Russinu Utitlior, $5,60 par pair.
Women's high-top, button and laco
Shoos; just tho thing for fall wear,
$5,50 per pair,
Womon's   Extra   high-top   Shoes,
r.u..:.;;.;. Calf, Wiener b\\ ahory jn«t
nVrlvoil. nt $6.50 per jmir.
Moil's Lonthor Top Rubbor Roots,
!) inch Gum, solid heel, all sixes at $3,75,.
Men's Lout hor Top Rubbor, 8 luco
holes, solid hool, rolled edge; all Nizos.
The Loader' at $4.00, <
Light Rubbors
Our stock of Rubbors for street wear
ine.udo goods for ovory mombor of tlio
family/ -It's good insuranco ngainst
Just-Wright Mon's Shoos.
Box Calf, Velour Calf- and Vicl Kid
Ifulnr *R.R0 and t,rt.00,    8pn<_..il.$4.B0.
Everything   for   the   Home   and   For   Everyone   In.   It
* •!
1 I,
"immmimmmm^-ifiU' ■"-
f      > 1
1 •iWSS'KS'W. 5B**l*« MJ_.^«*i«»»*-"»""lp,p,l*<"*"*''


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