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BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger 1911-11-18

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A'   •      '
-^    ' -
Political Unity is Victory
■ fn.
?1.00 A YEAS
-   -»v-*% * •—
'■V„ I.
New Michel Man Gives
an Exhibition
ofEHoW to7Beat It ^
•'". GREAT FALLS, N6v."14.~After'h'av
' Ing for .a number of iweeks .been upon
■7 the vtrall of; Jan * Jekubzlck,: a Vminei
- wanted in-New Michel, B." C./for the
burglarizing .of a- number^ of1 stores in
V that place; after havlng^at last captiir-
77, ed hla" man-,In; a,little town> in,;the,
'"; southern part'.of1 ,'the'_'state
. have hl'm faiie" away:* after", haying assaulted the Jailer in'charged Sergeant
;■ O'Connell,-;6f "the 'Northwest Mounted
Police bf Lethbridge,' was in the,city
,' yesterday conferring-with the authorl'
■; ties..\-'•(•>- yy.'? . y *  ;._• ,u'_ ..
i ', Mr. O'Ponnell passed throu"gh.;Great-
--■ Falls several weeks ago: and has spent
;;■' the" interval in' trailing his 'man" from
< '.one point to another'an dfinaily man-
"- aged to locate"blm\ and * place him.un-
_yder arrest,'only to lose blm .after, a
,-,.few.hours. ,.        o . " "y,y .,7.7.'
;  According, to the officer, Jekubzlck
".'had been a resident-of New.Michel,
.,"' • near Fernie, for a long1 period and ^ad
,   during that time been employed in the
'.. "mines. ,He resided therewith his wife
7 and was-presumed; to .depend for7sup-
port - solely* upon * his, labors' in v,the,
j mines. 7.yV";.-"* ',^'7, .-'""< •; * yy'
,   . For - the past . 18, month's; ■ ■ frequent
'  burglaries,of stores in;that:place had.
"■,. occurred but the officers "were unable
'7 to fasten the crlme-upon per-
-. son    until; recently.-when1;suspicion
77'Was^directed "toward Jekubzick7"' • He:
'..  appeared- to get-some "inkli*hg''that he
'-was. suspected7and^ he-at; once.-dh£
the police searched "bis >homel.'and'
■found.a great quantity of;the"missing
plunder stored away-in, the cellar.. The
cellar was'fllieUfrom.'the floor-to roof
; with' • silk1 and,: various v'qthe^ .classes
!oKSe£cten'dlseTwbfctfi' was*'afterwards
use In''the, county, should be abolished,
and'jvhether.'in view of an' affirmative
result "aiid the refusal of the coal owners to agree the Miners" Federation be
'appealed to .to* support the^.'-Durham
men "to the extent of a national strike.
•••■-,.>--   -- > "' '        x
.   Ever since, the'Eight.,Hours Act
came Into operation in'Curham, there
has-been great dissatisfaction «ln the'
county" with' the three-shift- system,
and a large section of the men have
carried on" an'.aotiye' agitation to ■ secure a return Tto" tho, arrangement
which existed!prevIous to the Act coming into force., j 'The owners after negotiations, ''''agreed. to.' reconsider-\the
Eight Hour Agreement, provided that
the menewould work!7two full shifts
of elght.Aiours each? instead of three
of seven hoursfeaoh/'as atopresent. -
(, Eventually- tlie,strong. feellngsWhich
exlste"d; led\tb; the-'boiding of a special
council /"oP^'deijegate ; meeting' of j tie
MlnerB' Association, ' at w.hich" • the
whole-'.'ques^'on; was referred",to^.the
county,4- so' that individual lodges
mlghtidraft resolutions and send;them
in 'to be-considered'.by the -whole'of
the Jodges^ .-The result waslthat'"five
resolutlons.wei'e received; one'favoring 'local option," or agreements "by
each colliery with,their, own'manage-,
ment, another the"leaving-of the question with the. executive, a -third' the
reversion to.the.practice,existing before the Eight -Hour-Act, the fourth
entire abolition of-tne present agree-'
merit, and. the'"fifth suggesting the alternative'proposals of'the owners.
. These resolutions were fully discussed recently and ultimately the following, sent in'bythe'Wiridlestone Lodge,
was adopted:-"That the county be balloted ; with "a r view ';' of ,> ascertaining
whetheri the.; agreement dated December 13th, 1909;'be abolished, arid further,'whether 7 we.afejri.favor: as a. county., of- ieturriirig";,t6';the;condltJ6ns 'that
obtained prior to2 such 'agreement, and
shouldjthe'7fav'or'.,of abbli-
tion arid: tlie j ownorXVgJB:'-'not' agree" to'
the sam^jf.thSt jwe;|Pa^punty.appeal
to the Miners' Fe'deritiori-bf, Great Britain to declare a national strike.". '^ >'
x •   ^r ,, .■ , .1 . t • ■-; . n- „ - ■
.""; It may,-be .mentioned., that even, be-
it8"large„colllerles in1-Durham,'produq-
The long drawn out* struggle, .which commenced.;
on-the'first day of April this year, was virtually-
brought to a close last* Sunday night when the""
representatives of the Western Coal Operators and
District 18, IL M.'W.'bf A.; drafted out an;ex-,
haustive schedule covering -the various points !n
disputeyfixing.the*"basis upon.which operations
would be carried on throughout the "eastern portbn
of British. Columbia and the province of Alberta
until'March, 1915.   /' .''.-., ,   1    .*'   ...   - '7-
Owing to the diversity of conditions that obtain;
in; the various camps, and the-necessity, for an explanation to~the men interested,- of-just .what thoir
interpretations were, the different members of .the
Executive, together with International Board Mem-',
bers Garner" and Wallace and international Organ-",
iseyCarl-. Theodorivitch' visited the different - sub-
districts during the wee'k, and after all the; differ.-
ent. matters had been thoroughly discussed by" the-
men-a referendum vote was taken, full particulars;
of which'"'appear in another column, and from this
it can" be'readily 'seen,that the men have ratified-.
the'"'agreement. in a ratio of seven' for and threeL
against its^acceptance; ■ < 7    '      ',,'"'
f-To-day: Friday,, Carter, Powell and StuDbsr;fe
presenting District 18, TJ. M. W. of A., andJSaismith,,
Whiteside and-Stockett, representing the operajtors;.
are'.meeting'at" Hosmer   for.' the   purpose ,;: of:
both; parties to the agreement signing on behalf
6f.'!their' respective organizations,. thereby • bring-'
ing,to'a close.a~conflict of interest,'which, though',
stubbornly-fought, can be said to have,been;con-.,
ducted'in,a manner.that Reflects the greatest-credit
upon.;-those involved.''. This sho_uld^b.e7an7Qbjeet:
.,. identified'as being some-of the goods
■', taken from thei burglarized.stores;y,:.
','   As,Boon as' the police .were.certain
5  that 7Jekubzlck   was. the mari"' they.
'7"wanted descriptions' were sent to jar-
lous points In; Canada and, this coun-
..- try^asklrig for 'his, arrest.' -Tbesodo's;.
- crlptlons were received "by the'-pollce
"in-this city Sept.,.29' arid'upoh an in-
veBtlgatlon It was found that the man
,, had been in Grout.Falls;on the previous day and-had ono of
'the local hotels,7 From hero he was
^traced to' Sand; Coulee. -7'Upon'_ this
word being. Bent-to the Canadian off I-
. '■ dais a policeman' from New Mlchol*
•. camo bore and took'iip,tho/; trail, but
waB unsuccessful.;';:./,       '.-   '
• Then tho,matter.was taken up by,the
NorthweBt Mounted Police and Set-
, goant O'Connell waB detailed   from
Lethbridge.    Tho latter trailed Jekubzlck to'Livingston arid various parts
of Carbon county.    .Jekubzlck   was
*, placed under arrest and looked tip in
tho town Jail at that point until tho
proper stops tnkon to trans*
port blm back to Canada. '
Tho samo night whloh tho Drldgor
.constable was in tho act of placing a
common drunk ln.\tho Jail, Jokubzlolt
took advantage of tho opportunity and
aBBUlted tho officer; knocking blm
down and making a break through tbo
opon door, Tho officer, nftor regain*
lng his foot, flrod three shots nt tho
fugitive, nono of which took offoct,
and tho latter mado good his oscapo. -
Being unahlo to pick up bis trail,
Sergeant'O'Connell returned to tills
city and upon'Instructions from hoad-
quartort wont back to LoUibrldgo. It
ban boon ascortalnod that slnco bis
osoapo Jokubilck Iiub armod himself
with two rovolvors and will mako a
bad fight if cornered.
ing between them one:fourth pfi.tbe,to';.
{al output'of tb!e countyxwbrkedHare*
•_.;.,«'    __ ^.-. ...f?;...; .',_«.-.. ':-,*-.*•
BhiftB,. so that If' effect'Is ultimately
given to, the'above resolution,''.these,
collieries would still continue the'.Bys."
tem.—North' slar.' '.' •;      , 'y ;
International Union Is After, Big Company. — General' '8trlke.1 ■!■' Action
Arises,From Trouble on the New
;t. York Central.-:     .   , '• ^ '■'',']
DUNKIRK,' N. Y.rNo'v.'14.—J. A.
Franklin, of Kansas City, president of
tho' International Boilermakers and
Helpers' Union today .officially' dbclar*
oda strike against-all tho plants of
tue American Locomotive Co. - About
2500 mon at Dunkirk.. Schonoctady,
Rlobmond, Pittsburg ' and Montreal
will lio affected. Tho bollormakors at
tho Dunkirk plant havo not,worked
for soveral weeks. ' Thoy refused tb
do work on onglhoB\Jlrom tho.,.Now,
fork Central system whoro' tho boiler
makors havo boon bn Btriko since last
February and tho officials thereupon
closed tho plant horo.
lesson-to; those who heretofore regarded coal "miners
in. a sofnewhat unfavorable light..... There .are .over
sixteen different 'nationalities among ;-the - mine
workers, and--with''their differences,of creed'and easy tb-see that^tlie task7of.handl-;
ing'so" heterogeneous'a' body is'by no'means'a:-ligiit'
one.■"'-"The only incidents-out of the orclinar£ have
been exceedingly.small. ; '   ■■        - -    ;     ,'.
'.'The .agreement reached with the'Hbn7Robt.
Rogers; Minister" of .'.the Interior,' as-a"pbur"parler
was based on the Gordon Award.  . There, arc, however, some questions which5, have, not .been concurred in, details of whicn follow hereunder, and these,.
have been left to an arbitrator for disposal within
thirty days^subsequent to the'resumption; of opera-"
tions.   ■' ■      '.","''■"   y' \" -
..,"'"     •''      "'   ' ',''      ' "   ■
.,/,-"    Matters to be Arbitrated Upon...
'• PRANK, Alta., Nov. 11th;' 1911.~Tho mattofof
the! amount to bo insortcd is to bedoiorminod in
the, same, manner, by'the-same arbitrator, and at
the samo time,, as provided for in the settlement of
contract rates at the Frank, and' Maple Leaf Col-
, (Signed)
been able to "agree upon all contract rates, except
i'the following: "'      , ,     '
The Canadian Consolidated Ltd.—
.7 Parallel airways—(in old mine.)
Angle chutes—(in old mine).       ,       -"   -
Gangway—(in "shaft mine). '      -
, Parallell airway—(in shaft mine).
;   Raises and Angles—■ (in shaft mine).
Maple-leaf Coal Company, Ltd:   -
Pillars.—(No. land3 seams): ..- ,        ■    "
Referring to the matters in dispute in the various
places at the Collieries of the-Canadian Coal Consolidated, Ltd., this committee'beg to recommend
that the method, as laid down in the arrangements
with the Hon. Mr. Rogers, .regarding the settlement of these,matters, be.adhered to,-except that
in case a general agreement is reached, the mines
start work, arid"such'prices as'are arrived at revert
back to the" commencement of work. It being
understood that-the.prices will be made within
thirty days after the commericementof work.. ,
It is agreed- to refer the pillar rate to settlement
to the Commissioner of the Western Coal Operators'
Association and the President'of District No. 18,
"United Mine Workers of-America, as provided under the "^New Work" clause of the proposed agreement; Having in.mind as a method of settlement
the same negotiations as provided for. by the Hon.
.Mr. Rogers. , The matter ,in!'dispute .to be taken
up and settled within-thirty "days after the commencement of worlc. '  '■•- ".   *    ,,
.   .    .-       .77 7 • -\.j. y .- ■ -•■•„ :     _.     \ ;.
 ' -T^TT^SrpM'J^WrPrMcNEILL,^
V   "*'"'''.7 ' \? ""'•'    C.'STUBBS..
Durham Miners to Vote Por or,Agalnit
Tlio Durham, minors, aftor many
meetings and conforencos, edmo recently to a doflnlto decision to tnko
tho fooling of tho county by. a plobli.
cito an to whothor tho unpopular throe
shift system, which Is now in gonoral
$40.00 FOR
t ,    *      .   i I ( A> -II
Four Miners at Morin-
ville are Hit up $40
For Refusing Work
w. p. McNeill,
To tho Scalo Committeoi , .'• ■ -■   •" '»
'.Wo, your Sub-Committee, bog to roport that with
tho assistance of difforont mombora of tho Scale
Commlttoo, callod in from timo to time, wo'hnvo
Fernie Local No-2314.;;
Hosmer Local No. 2497
Michel Local No. 2334
Coleman Local No. 2633
Carbondalo Local No. 2227..
Corbin Local No, 2877.	
Blairmore Local No; 2163 ..
■""*   T   L
Frank Local No. 1263 . ,y.
'Bellevue Local No,, 431 7!.
Passburg Local No. 2352 ..
Maple.Leaf Local No. 2829..
Hillcrest Local No, 1058 ..118
Lethbridge, Local No. 574. .182
Royal View Local No, 2580.. 36
Diamond City Local No, 2178 16
Taber Local No. 1059 ....... 40
Canmore Local No. 1387... .151
Bankhead Local No. 20 152
Diamond City Local No, 1120  5
Bunnis Local No, 949 17
207 .
'• 11  .'-'
"The Insecurity of the laborer's employment is the secret-of the power of
tho capitalist class over tho , 'free'
'workingman; it is tho source of tho
mental and moral degradation of the
woiking.class which makes them un-
willing slaves ready to kiss the' hand
that chastises them. For It gives
the capitalist a far greater power over
the life and liberty of the "free" working man than'was ever enjoyed by
feudal baron over his serf, or by the
slave holder over his chattel slave.
That is also the secret of the great
social power of attraction and of the
great social and cultural Importance
of the labor, union.     It' is not the Increase ln wages it may bring about
that makes it a' great * factor in the
life of the working class which It is
It is not for' that   that > the , great
modern battles between' labor • and
capital are fought, no matter what
their' ostensible purpose might be.   It
ls protection from the grosser forms
of arbitrariness on the part of the employer which it affords its,members,
thus, Increasing "their security of employment that form the essence of-the
labor union; aiid it is for this1 that the
great sacrifices are undergone by the
workingman in fighting for 'the recognition of the union' or In the 'sympathetic strike/ the two forms of fighting most odious to,, and least.understood byVour 'ethical' peacemakers between labor and "capital, who would
secure to eacb its" proper; rights. ■■ Going out; from" the assumption that the
workingman is nothing more than the
beast of burden into which capitalism
strives to convert him/ they, cannot
understand why* he should'.kick when
the fodder in his trough ls left undiminished.-    But the workingman" knows
instinctively the secret "power" ot the
chains-which keep him- in bondage,'
and he tries to break them, or at "least
be converted into; or to remain a.beast
of burden; he wants to, regain    his
moral courage, his manhood; and he
knows this can only be, gained by organizing a social power ;whlch would
do awajrwlth. or. atJeaBt.lessen the
insecurity.^ 'of/:i\ls   employment;'the
source*, of".his slavery. -'" /Hence-', bis,
'fight 'for' ttie union   as   such,   which
the good people cannot understand.  .
.. But the capitalists . understand it,
hence their savage fight just nt this
point.     Thoy will pay'higher wages,
and work ;their mon ahortor hours; arid
grant a lot of othor "Just and reason-,
able .demands!' If necessa'ry,'but thoy
want no union, or.ntJoast,the open
Bhop, for they want to ""remain "mas-
tors of their own houso;"   In othor
words thoy aro content to keep tholr
slaves a llttlo better, but thoy will
fight to tho last ditch against tbo tampering with, tho chains of slavery, against.thb installing of moral courage,
tho fostering of tho spirit of manhood
In tholr BlaveB.'*—L. Bourdln, ln "Tho
Theoretical System ot Carl Marx."
Eastern Capitalists Visit
Fernie and Lay Plans
7 For Huge Work
During the current week (5. Hender-'
son,v of tho Bull River Power Plant,
accompanied by two representatives
from one, of the  strongest bonding
companies in tbe city of Chicago, and
the individuals themselves reputed to'
be multi-millionaires, were in Fernio
together-with an engineer; Mr. Meade
of the University of Wisconsin,  relative to matters affecting the trans-;'
mission of power from Bull River to
Fernie. '
Inadditlon to the money already ex- •
pended on the plant In question -we
are informed that, provided an,understanding ls reached, it is their inten- ,
tion to instal a double wire transmission line, using steel'towers as protection against injury.from fire, and.
other work, incident thereto, necesBl-'
tatlng an outlay of about one million
dollars.       ,'-
: HOSMER,, B, 0.. Friday, 4.30.—The ogreomont
has now boon signed by both parties, notification of
qame has boon wired to tho Dominion Government
at Ottawa:
' The American consul  at Swansea
ln the course of an official report on v
British patent fuel industry, points out *
that the use of pitch in the briquettlng
works has developed a disease known
as'"epithelioma" (pitch cancer), from .
which an alarming percentage brl-.
quette workers suffer, and a Govern- •
ment inquiry is' to be held, the result
of which wiil be published as a special
report*. * He adds: -    , 7        .
quetting industry, the following conclusions are deduced:     The so-called 7
patent -fuels, making .use .of glucose,
corn (maize), meal, starch, etc.', ar«
not successful, as they, will not remain-
intact when continuously exposed to.
atriiospherlc moisture.   -.Pitch is .-the
only binder1 in successful'use, but It
increases tHevsmoke-produced In burning, the fuel.   .„To successfully. compete-with coal, manufacturers of briquettes must havo access to. a cheap
coal supply not suitable for tho market in its natural state.     Tho'most
successful makers-have their own mines and > utilize, in briquette's the slack
and fine' coal for which thoro Is no
mnrkot."—Science and Art of Mining.
tt '    ' .
"       "       •      .
, A» It I* contrary to'tho»
Constitution of tho U. M, W?
of A. for any candidate for of*
flea to booit hlmiolf through
tho columns of tho organ, it
U with extreme pleasure that
I Uiudcr tuy hearty tluiuka to
■  the "Free Press" f6r tho troo
• boost Riven no Is tholr last
* Issno,      ii
(BlKMxn O. REE8
»   P.8,r-No flowers.
EDMONTON, Alia., Nov, H.—Four
miners,, who went on strlko at tbo
mlno of tho Alborta Coal Co,, nt Mor-
lnvlllo, woro flnod HO and costs «ach
today, at tho rato of |10 por day for
going on strlko last wook. Notico of
M>poal wns glv«n.—Nolson, Now*,   s
Tho noyal Commission, which Vas
appointed to Investigate tho late strlko
tn England haa made Its report and
the findings of tho commission Id vory
uututtufuctoi'y Ut tlus uwu who upturned to work, und«r tbe Impression that
the commission would adjust dlffown-
ew satisfactorily. It Is predicted that
the temporary pesce will break out
Into *n fadufirlal war of far greater
magnitude.than, took place & few
months ago.
, Things nro exceedingly quiet in nnd
around Fornlo, oulsldo ot tho fow who
vlolt tho ntatlon when tho trains como
Wo still hnvo the dally parado of tho
two arms of "tho sorvlco," both cavalry and Infantry, much to the appreciation ot tho onlookers, nlthough it
might not ho equally an pleasant to
thoRO under escort, at loast If wo may
judgo by tbo Incident that occurred
on Thursday whon ono ot tho proteges
of thn ptvwlnnn mhivm/\it p »>«rfn"n (im-
mint of obstinacy about tbo rond tho
officer In chargo took whon accompanying thorn , to tholr dwelling,
Roports ot various changes In the
matter of tho eity pollco department
nro without nnv foundntlnn whnt«>vpr.
This is to notify any member ot the U, M. W, ot A.
found guilty of making falao
Btatomonts with a view to obtaining relief will bo prosocut-
od and forfeit air rights of
Tho cano of John Sweeney, ot which
mention waa mndo In our columns last
week, was disposed of on Monday,
When Magistrate Whlmntor Imposed a
sentonco of thirty days' Imprisonment.
It was expected thnt be would bo sont
to Nelson, but as his counsel, h. P.
KukHUiln, Is pulling in nn appeal for
tho present ho remains In Fernio, until
thtf*aue»tlon'ot appeal has been disposed of.
Tho ease of Ooo. Linn, Jr., has bon
postponed from time to time, but Is
onco dialn liouuht up for to-day, Friday.     801 far wo have no details.
Business Men Along the
Crow Greatly Benefit-
ted by New Order
This world ronownod musician upon
whom It Is claimed that tho inantlo ot
nubehstoln fits so becomingly will np-
poar at tho Grand Thoatro on Sat-
nay, November tho 2l>th, whon It Is
bxpootod that a full houso will greet
To quota tho encomiums bestowed
upon him by tho prosn would load
many to bollovo that to omit to attorn! his recital would bo an Jrrepar-
ablo loss therefore would all that lovo
music should not forget tho dale—
NOVtiMnKli 28th.
A day to bo romomborod—Saturday, Nov. 25th.    Hambourg,
TORONTO,'Nov. 10.—Joseph. JoBsa.
mlrio, a former employee of tho Tor
onto post offlco, was yesterday found,
guilty bf the murder of James Loug-
heed on Mny 20th last. Jossamlno, who
hnd an old grudge ngdinst his victim,
shot Loughoed down on tho street
without warning, Tho dofenBo wab
..: DIED (.
Nov. 11th—Tho infant, son of Mr,
nnd Mrs. John Bnggnley."     Funeral
service to bo hold today in the parlors.
of Thompson and Morrison, tho Rev;
Thomson officiating.
Nov. ISth—Ronald - G„ aged nine
months, tho Infant son of Mr. and Mrs,
Arthur Hancock, of McPhorson Ave.
Tho Interment will lie conducted by
Thompson and Morrison.
TAUER, Nov. 4,~At tho annual
mw/llng of the Board ot Trade last
night, Dr. Leech mado the announcement thnt ns ft result of tho agitation
of tho Associated Hoards of Trade ho
had received word from the Hon, R,
Rogers, with whom ho had taken the
matter up, that commoiiclng on Monday next malls would be carried on
tUu uUctuwjii lou»U on tho Crow's
Nest line.—Ixrthbridgo Herald.
Wo do not know whothor tho question: "Aro you In favor of mnklng that
f\*.r.    nrftl    ((.«      *.»»    n.»r.    .....    T.i    ffl".-    f-
...V     - t V .      *..*,    v.     .*. fc-   *v~ *-*     v*
llio jibnllHon nf ^nvm<>nl to n^l^rTn^n?"1
will bo ln order nt tho noxt. civic elections, but It might bo Interesting to
put namo as thero Is a llkollhood of
Homo of tho "highly pnld" miners
lonlrmtr fnr ctvtr  Jimum"'   *,'m1   "rrimiT.
neratlou,' An oxchanga of occupation
mlgtht be arranged whereby tho City
Fathom would havo a chance to try
tholr hands at doing somo "real' work.
(Rloss 'oml)
Mysterious Killing of a
Mounted Policeman
Gomes to Light
Telegraphic dispatch from Vienna,
Austria, stating that Slenklewlcs wns
shot whSlo hunting pheasants, his
(Companion mistaking blm for a bird,
Possibly "pheasant" nslgbe read
"peasant." At any rate had he cal'ed
out "Quo V4iJt«.r' boforo dlschtri'Ing
tho contents of his rlflo he might have
found out "Who if<v»s therer The
injuries we believe are but slight.
MACLEOD, Nov. 17.—Aftor success
fully eluding tho host offlcors on tho
V V. Tl**". .V. !\ ■"-''-''v. .';;•';,; .';.-
four yearn, Kit* Kbert and M. Jasben,
of New Michel, ll, C„ are now on trial
here, charged with tho murder of Constable Frank Wllmott, of tho mountod
pollco nt Frank, Alta, nnd by tho confession of Kbort on tho witness stand
nt tho preliminary hearing on Monday
and which Is being continued to-dny,
th« blgg<M>t tnurdor mystey tho poll™
have had to contend wllh In years is
being cleared up.,
Wllh the back of his head almost
blown away, the body ot Wllmott wno
found early one winter morning In nn
n\\oy bnrk ot the hotel in Frnnk,
llrolher officer*   of   tho   dcpensod
woro quickly on tho scono, but'dos-
plto tho fact that the murder hnd boon
committed closo to several resldoncos,
no trncos ot tho murder could bo
Rowards wore offered, but rto person
could be found who had hoard tho shot
flrod, who had soon Wllmott boforo
his donth.
Although tho caso wns forgotten by
tho public and Constnblo Wllmott
burled in Mncleod, tho pollco still kopt
on working, and n fow dnys ago, In a
house in tho restricted district In
Frank, lho first cltio wns oblnlnnd,
Two womon woro overboard discuss*
Ing the story of tlio murdor by a
third party, who Informed (lio pollco,
find tlio arrest of Rhnrt and Jnshen followed.
At n short preliminary hearing hold
lit Macieod on Mondny, "Rborl, on the
stand, told of committing a series of
robborlon with Jnsbon and a third
man, nnmod ,lan Jekubzlck, In Frank
nl. the tlmo Wllmott wns murdorod.
lio told of ntnrtlng out on tho night
of the murder to rob tho C.P.It, depot,
but whlln nt the frolfht *hotl* Hiov
hnd been frlghtoned, nnd Khnrt Raid
thai ho had ran alt the way homo. Ho
hnd only been homo a short.' tlmo
when JnKbcn united and told him
thut ho had taken 11 shot at a» mnn
who had tried to slop him In tln> (il\cy
back of tbo Imperial Hotel, Jaoben
nli'o told him that ho had seen tho
mnn drop, nnd thnt ho wns a policeman nnd he wns sure ho hnd killed
According to tin oxrbnncn Medicine
lint Is going to establish technical
schools. Wo wonder If thero will bo
n class under tho direction of a O. P.
R. professor how to tako the "Hat Off
thrt Map." or n doelor of philosophy
engaged to Instruct tho "Hatter*" how
Ityto take their modlclne with cquan-
aulmlty (N'.n,—Lntln for "shoe-born.) '-Xr-'-.-'"*?^ #;='
If-   "A'
.ftfftxi av<#5 t~&-Y. 4'
'•% •
t..     , -.   *-^.-?;j-.^       -. -   ,      -.   .-. - r t *-•!• —\^, * .       . -'...'   \<i ..- .^ ?- ~ r     .     .... . *Z <•'JQ    n.   ;•-•
,     ~i\' "   \   -  \ •      -.--   • ■ ;•"'■/V.'v- - "•"' .,   .   •* v -.;•--:     •*-...•* "■"<■     ,;:/: «-V,   ,Cy *<,-;,,
:s -,'
^hkkkkkkk^*k**k*kk*iikkk*kkkk-kkAkkkirkkkk^kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk1ikkk*i .
! Labor Uph&aVai iri "WMes I
"■■ ™ ,^ '--.,'".',-- -• "      -•-' 7     "   . -^v^-"1 -^" ';-'   ,-'"."" ■ '■
1  "If heaven   had   only,  placed   the
,„ Welsh coal fields Jn Yorkshire and the
Yorkshire seams in Wales," said an
, owner of mines in both places to me
on one occasion, "my, life would \be
more happy."    What he,mean to be
./understood was that1 he found labor in
England more easy to deal with than
' ' labor in Wales. I know'not'Tiow this
squares with general experience, but
, nobody who has gone as a stranger on
a mission of inquiry among Welsh
miners can fail to realize one of the
sources of difficulty. To an Englishman, at any rate, tho Welsh workers
appear distrustful and sceretive. Ask
a miner in the north what he wants
at any particular time and he is most
painfully blunt and outspoken. The
Welsh miner has no such directness
of.thought and expression. It may bo
that tp a Welshman he would reveal
his inner" thought, but tlie English
investigator is met at the outset by a
,  taciturnity or evasion that he can not
' surmount.     He    is   left   wondering.
■ what are. the sources of the turbulence
and the discontent he finds on all
-sides.     The controllers of big enter-
" prises complain. that they have the
same difficulty in reaching the,inner
thoughts of the men. They do not
know what is wanted of them.
, ^ Chief Source of Unrest   '
1    That .Wales should    be    the chief
centre of unrest in the mining world
"is,'in the beginning, rather an astonishing fact, for few of the ordinary
causes, of working-class    dissatisfaction are present.     Wages   generally
nre high throughout   the   coalfields,
employment is abundant and tending
to increase, and housing    conditions
compare favorably with those to be
found elsewhere.     Exception    might
be made of the towns iii some of the
older centres. *   The Rhondda Valley
strikes a chill to the soul of the casual
visitor so depressing- are the  condl-
■ tions in which thousands are housed
; But the majority of the mining towns
are well built, and have an active municipal life/- which expresses itself in
.'handsome    public     buildings, ' good
schools and satisfactory, free libraries.,
As to wages, they are high.     I have
■seen pay sheets   from' collieries   in
' which the men" working'.'at the face of
the coal  have been taking fourteen,
I fifteen and sixteen shillings    a. , day
.practically^   as   their' regular; wage
sufficiency of which the,women
come-articulate. '•
^ve^K~atte?"!veeK:     Wofkyas"! have
said, is abundant..    The Eight Hour
h Act has had various effects, some of
"Which were certainly not anticipated
hy its' authors, but it has given   employment i to many more men.     Tlie
oi.t'put of the pits has been ken;' un,
the' amount' paid in wages in many
districts has'been maintained or increased, and more workers have been
brought into the trade.     Individual
.. earnings show a -considerable falling-
. off'in the'statistics I havo been ablo
to collect, and that fact has led to
much discontent,     In   his   days   of
, prosperity the miner, in common with
■ other workers; has learned new ways
of expenditure.    Ho travols more, ho
goes much to football matches;    of
late ho has, become' an enthusiastic
patron   of   cinematograph   theatres,
which are running' in many ' of   the
towns.     A drop in wnges finds him
' unable to curtail expenditure on lux-
iirloB which havo becomo part of tho
,regular round of his life.     Tho consequence Is that any falling-off is felt
In tho homes.   A part falls   on   tho
housekeeping budget, about   th©   in-
A Triumph of Chemistry and
Pharmaoautioal Skill
Oil from tho livor of tho cod-Ash has
boon usod for ages as n preventive of
disease and n restorative.
For a long tlmo it has been tho general
opinion that tho medicinal valuo of Cod
Liver Oil wm tho greasy, oily part itself
•—its only drawback being the unpals*
table, fishy tasto of tho oil. From tbo
first expert* havo been trying to find
means to mako it moro palatable Tboy
UBcd to "cut" It with whisky—take it
in wine—flavor it with lemon juice—
anything to got away from that abomb*
ablo fishy tasto nnd smell.
Lots of pooplo still tako it !n Emulsion, form, which is nothing moro than
"ehurnod" oil—brokon up—but still
greasy, oily nnd a strnin on tho digestion.
, Dootors woro slow to find out that
tlio oil was a distinct drawback to the
medicinal prinoiplos contalucd In ths
cod liver.
Crurto oil Is qulto indlgostlblo, and
will, in tlmo, put tbo strongest stomach
out of ordor.
A way has now been discovered to do
away with tlm grease and tho smell, and
yot retain all tho medicinal properties
of tlio liver. This is dono by removing
the fresh'oil from tho new livers. 'Ilie
liver pulp is thnn reduced to tho form
ol nn extract like bed extract.
Nyal's Crol Liver Compound \n nlmrJ*/
this liver extract combined with nn ex-
Narrow Use of Phrase ,
One. hears much of the increase ih
the'cost of living, but in general a far
too.narrow use is made of the phrase.
Any rlBe there has been:in the price
of provisions is insignificant = beside
the circumstance that the daily - life
of these! working- class populations
has become a life of larger^ intrests
and better ordered ' leisure. ■ The
amount spent on ' amusement has
grown on all hands. Part of the
money used in - this way has been
taken from' the beer bill. By the
testimony of the older.residents in
those Welsh valleys, drinking, although still deplorably. heavy, has
been much reduced. . That fact has
freed a certain, amount of money for
moro rational paatlmes. For the rest,
the expenditure of the miners has expanded with the prosperous years.'
More money than before is' taken
week,by week to be spent outside the
homes. * With a falling-off. in the a&
tual, weekly earnings there is little
disposition to abandons the' luxuries
which have become a regular part of
the lives of these towns, and consequently many of the'homes suffer. It
is easy to say that the remedy is. to
return to the narrower life of the
past, but nobody who-' knows :the
working-classes as they are J to-day
educated, avid of new experiences,
conscious' of new. wants, .will accept'
that solution as in the bounds of possibility.^ The .workers have arrived
at a certain mode-of living, and vast
numbers of them are willing to go to
almost any lengths rather than,drop
back into what seems to them to be
the hopeless dullness of the past. "Nor
can it be said that the whole of the
change is' in the direction of amusement. There has been a growth, of
pride in personal appearance which
shows itself in better clothes, especially among the young men and girls:
You do not see young women in .the
streets, as once you might,' with "a
shawl thrown over head' "and - shoulders. , They have their good clothes
for the }hours when work is over.
They' are cleaner, more attentive .- to
personal appearance; and, in their'
homes they live.on»'a different plane.
All- this" means that more money, is
being spent, and incidentally, it gives
evidence that education'Jb having its
effect—-To7argue-7-that~the- miner-
would - be ■ even more prosperous than
he was if <h'e would go back to the old
conditions of living is futile. Neither
the miner nor his women-folk will do
anything of the kind, ,nor can it be
said that it is desirable they should
They have won ther.way to a larger
conception of life, and, whatever
other remedy is possible, the restoration .by1 any peaceful' means of the
conditions of the past many be* dismissed ns out of tho field of practical
Lower Individual Wages    >
The falling-off - of   the '' Individual
wage under the   eight   hour   system
mny bo regarded ns ono of the causes
of unrest ln tho Welsh mining
centres. The earnings of even the
most regular men. havo been affected,
but the man who has suffered most
Bovoroly is tho, miner who hns settled
for himself that all thb monoy ho
wants can bo earned ln a certain limited numbor of days, This Ib a common typo ln all mining districts
where piece-work is tho rule.,. Instead of going down tho pit each day,
theso mon docido that thoy will work
two, throe or four days a week, and
will amuso themselves on tho' othor
day. MoBt of thorn toll at tremendous pressure whllo thoy aro down
tho pit, and under tbo old conditions
by working a fow hours'. overtime
each day thoy could mako up what
thoy regarded ns BUfflclont for a wook.
Tho Eight Hour Act, with its'' rigid
prohibition of more than eight hours
In a Blnglo day, has cut on tho
chances of this overtime, and tho
mnn who still refuses to work tho
week through drawn much loss than
ho did. Ono may say that this typo is
entitled nolther to sympnthy nor con*
sldorntlon, Fortunatoly I am In no
wny concerned with that polnr, lie
Ixillovos himself to havo n grievance,
he hns must tlmo to talk about his
feelings nnd ho forms n fruitful flold
for tho doctrines of lho oxtromo men
who aro grndually obtnlnlng control
of lho organization In South Wnlos.
Whon all othor causes havo been
taken Into account It will bo found, I
bollovo, that unrest springs chiefly
from chnngos In tho work of tho
homes which have been conuoquont on
changes In tho work of the mines, Tlio
women, many of whom havo to look
.nu.r uiu hkiiIw ul l*o or tnrvo men
>5.'t> iu:>y "U- lunAwil   un   Ji'k^il
Um-\ tJ Jjjy3i a'.J J.iJk'£ uih) i'Lctty, —...   --  ......,.- r._	
Itn^R,ocont^.n"t^',trao'1>T^I?'>0rPHUl,;!,,,,lftH, find themwlvfs onim-slu-il In a
Ll^'SS^ °,< W*., m,als,
builds up tho system, and makes you!mn,i,nff   ',0,,s   nn"   cl«(-nlng   bouse,
■trong, j their hours of lolsuro nro cut off.  At
TnVf> If  i»1i«»i V/M, fn«*  vrji»n*lf */»*»(•
         . ....»".       *    " .   .'   •»
your grip.   It's a pleasure to toko-"
even the children like it.  $1,00 per lasts
If you try this remedy wo know you
will be pleased. Nyal Remedies we sin*
i,cere1y believe to be tho best medicine
''value* offered. li
For Unto in K«>rtuo nnti Uunrntitccd by
slstcd of father nnd son, who wero on
ono shift, and a lodger who was on
nnotlior shift. Horo tho housework
wns divided botweon tho'mother and
hor dnughter, which mndo tho condition* benrnblo, but, reckon It ns one
would, somebody bad to bestirring
nbout rlnmeMie dntlt»» for elijhleen or
•ilrii'toen hours « day. This condition
of affairs Is not exceptional; It may nlmost lie snld (o lie' typical in many
mining districts. Tho revolt of tho
women «r»ln»t the eulting off of «he|r
hoiird of rest «nd ftmimemenf reflerlg
than- they were,' becauso the women
complain,that though they work,harder'than ever they did they have-less
to spend. -'    ....    ,-■'."•   ,
General Strike Coming .* *•
[■ Moving among some of .the owners
and responsible managers in' South
Wales, I found an almost general conviction that a general strike ih -the
mines was only a matter of .time, and
this in districts where there' has been
ho serious disagreement over a long
term of years. The dual questions of
"abnormal places" and a minimum
wage, they held, would bring about a
deadlock: Discussing the question oi
abnormal places, one of Jthe owners
said to me:" "We can not arrive at
terms in regard to the abnormal place
unless 'we also have power to deal
with the abnormal .man, who is far
more prevalent-.than' you would sup-,
pose.- We have men who will not do"
their best even under piecework con-,
dltions, and who would do as little as
possible if paid by time. Unless'wo
possess power to get rid of such men
abnoraml places will be a source, of
friction under any agreement. Any
effort on our part to dismiss the abnormal man would be resisted by. the
whole strength of the unions. So long
as ..that is the 'case an understanding
on this point seems impossible." The
same argument applies, as one' may
well understand', to the minimum
wage. Most of the men-employed in
South Wales' earn much more than
tlie suggested minimum, but the owners fear the shirker, of whom they
could only.rid themselves at the cost
of a huge "strike..
To one or two of the owners I put
the point that the coal trade seemed
more capable than any other of establishing a minimum wage.,"Your business," I'said' 'enjoys a natural protection. There is not, and there scarcely
can be, any competition so far as this
country is concerned. Abroad Welsh
steam coal has its own field, and"
would "continue, to hold that field if
there were, a considerable7 rise in
prices. Why can riot there' be an
agreement fixing prices and enabling
you to give a better wage and earn a
larger profit?" The answer to this
was precisely what one's acquaintance
with the coal, trade'would have led
one to expect. " There can'not be an
agreement because,, some mines are
working' ori the narrowest margin of
vi'l) -ii U^vi-ubuviu-iii — *t xiivtii — Lii\3— \s\jwi.-
is won" more easily make big sums.
The owner with a profitable seam will
riot limit his "output. He brings tb
the ..surface all,that he can sell, and
his price dictates within certain limits
what his" competitors can obtain in the
market. ^Under an agreement, if the
to be worked, coal would bo raised
from them at a cost considerably,
older and more costly mines continued
higher than; thatofor which it could bo
obtained from the newer and richer
seams, the owners' bf which would
find , themselves penalized. The argument is by,>no means complete'and
sound. It might bo better expressed
by saying that the,richer mines aro
not prepared to'carry the burden of
the poorer.   •
8ettle by Negotiation
In spite of-this widespread belief
that the genoral alrlko is coming, I
left South Wales with tho conviction
that there ls little ln tho situation ln
that coalfield which enn not bo settled
Infinitely bettor by negotlntlon thnn
by a great trial of Btrongth, , Llttlo
or nothing enn bo dono by a cossatlqn
of work, but tho points ot difference
lend themselves readily to conciliation, Tho real troublo is that tho
South Wales minors ovor largo areas,
aro out of tho hands of tholr older
leaders. Thoy nro giving car nnd
support to tho younger mon, who nro
frankly Socialists nnd who are die-
tniHted by tho owners. Tho mon who
have fought tho battlos of tbo past,
llko MoBBrs. Abraham, Onions, Braco'
and Richards, aro losing tholr hold,
and tholr wlso appeals to gentlor
methods nro not received with any
onlhuslnHm, Tho leadership of tho
youngor mon hns boon mnrkod by a
series of disasters, nono of which has
broken tholr growing power. Tlio
Welshman Is a fighter over, In splto ot
the teachings of oxporlonco. So
South Wnlos mny bo hurrlod Into a
strlko boforo it has grasped tho fact
Hint problems which go deep Into tho
lives of tho wholo mining population
can only bo solved by tho best thought
of lho best brains on both sides."*"
V/OBlmlnstGr Gnzotto corrospondonco
from Wnlos.
In tho recent anrment Workors'
striko in umengo, a visitor, going into
U»i) at liiti .Wu.tA, AjiiuJ  a.  (uOt'ibY 111
bed with n new-born baby, and surrounded by three other ehlldren, ef
three, four, nnd flvo yenrs old, There
wns neither food nor fuel, nnd It wns
l\ v»iiw.i   i»ii„tv«'*i ua),      VUi liitt HUrtll*
or'n bod wero threo lottors from her
husband's!' employer offering to rnlso
his pay from $15 to $30 per week If ho
would como back and help to break
the strike. Ho had refused, nnd his
wlfo rejoiced In the refuviJ. The
visitor nsked hor how she could benr
sneh mirrerlnfr, not fnr herneir, but for
her children. Willi u steady, quiet
look In her patient eye«, tho mother
"Il Is not only brvnd wo pivo the
ehlldren. W« live rM by hrtad alone,
wo live bv freedomr nmf F irflf ffffif
This is One Way of Getting Your Name before the Public
To, the. Editor,! District" Ledger;
Dear Sir,—-The following resolution
was passed by a" mass meeting of Gladstone Local on Thursday, Nov. 2nd,
1911: ,'    ""7:7' ,    ■ 7
RESOLVED, that in view of existing conditions, we, the members''of
,Gladstone/Local, No. 2314 U. M. W.
of A., and citizens of Fernie;. do
hereby petition the Attorney General of the-Province of British Columns that trials by Jury be discontinued in Fernie.
,. - T. uphill;
, Thes following members of Gladstone
Local, No.' 2314, TJ. M. W.of A.; have
been expelled .'from the organization,
for the offence:.   "
WILLIAM BARR, senior, Scotch.   " ...'
WILLIAM BARR, junior, Scotch,
,.   HUGH'BARR," Scotch.
'WM.'BARNETT,'colored. ' ; - '>' ";
T. DRTJMWRIGHT, colored.    '   ,'   ''
R. HO WARD;..colored. ,
JOHN VENDO, Italian.
FRANK.SPROyiERE, Italian. .,- '".
■FRANK~K"ARDIMONAirItalian—"'  V-
TONY;'KARDIMONA, Italian) .   * ' f"
JOE SCERIA,' Italian."      ',* -
JOHN JOHN '"(known as) Italian.  -'
LOUISE CORCIREA, Italian.       v   , "
PETE °ARCURLV Italian. .**.
G MUSTAC"l6, Italian.
ANGELO' SPINO, .Italian..,
WM.;POTTER, English.
In the case of'Wm..Barr, senior, it
Is notable that he had only paid $6.75
to the organization,; and-during the
present strike hns "received twelve supplies of provisions vnlued at $9.50 each
making a total of $114.00-
„ lu the case of Hugh Barr, this person has paid $3.30' to the organization,
and has received' during the present
striko provisions to tho total value of
$54)00. '       .    "
T7 UPHILL, Socy.
7 L'artlcolo comparso sul "L'Era
Nuovn," non ostnto schitto nennco
idlato di nessuno del membri cho fanno
parto del "Circolo Oporalo Itallano
XX Sottembro, M.S." cosl duhlariamo
l'artlcolo falso,      '
.   COSMO chlSAFIO, Sog.
jltMlf In tho dlHcoiiteut of the men!for It ill! I die, lo give it to my chll
nilio find lliolr homes less comfortable 'dreii."—-Tho "Lance, Toronto.
Llllo, Alta, Nov. lBt, 1911.
To tho Editor, District Ledger,
Doar Sir,-—At a special meeting of
our Local the mombors passed a re'solu
tion as follows: ,■!"
"That wo expol tho following mom
bors from tho U. M. W, of A. for
scabbing in tho mines:
JpHN MOXIM, Slavonian, working
ta "Dlalrmoro.'
.   MIKE MOXIN, Slavonlnn, working
at Blairmore,
S. ONYSCIIUK, Slavonian, working
nt Ulnlrmoro,
N. KOBTIUK, Slavonian, working nt
P. SINZZANSia, Slavonlnn, working
nt ninlrmoro.
ID,   1IUGET,   Froncli,   working  nt
A.   HUQET,   French,   working  nt
Ulnlrmoro.    >
FRANCISCO BAniSI, Itnllan, work*
Ing at Blairmore.
ANGELO I1UIUTO, Itnllan, working
nt Ulnlrmoro,
ANTONIO     MISURACO,     Itnllnn,
working nt Bollovuo.
working nt Bollevue.    '
ing at iieiievue,
PlliTRO GUI, Italian, working at
In ordor that tho publlo may soo
that wo havo treated John Moxlm
liuriy would sny thut this mnn bus not
paid any union dues for nearly two
years. Yet wo gave him supplies just
the samo as if ho were- In good standing. Ho received $31.00 per month
for flvo months for himself,
wlf>\ and sir, children. Tn spit*
of this he went to work and prevailed on .ptiici'a to work lu thu Dlalrmoro Mines This tame man has
mi>re than onto received blauk statements after working: n fnll month nt
Lille mine.'
Kindly \nml this In tbo Ledger
nnd oblige,
Sec. Locnl 1233.
• Blairmore, Alta., Nov. .7, 1911
To tho Editor, District Ledger: ,' - ^
Dear Sir,—-At a regular meeting'ot
Local 2163 I was instructed to forward
to you names of men who had started
work in Blairmore Mines. The follow
ing are some of the names:'"
james rutherford,
dick heatherley, -
'james may,
walter mathieson,
james payden/
william turner,'' .   ' '7
sam smidt, , \        ^7'   ,   '
john jennings,'•'-" '   ,    -
paul germani, ^
' frank rossi,..,
gregory'shoffe'rty, , '
johnmoren,' ', "   "7
.. mike'moxen,""', , ' ,
carmeloparpetta,    ' '
&iat green, „
, thomas fablo,
./tony asgro;  . ■ ■      - .
"" .There are. others, whose names will
appear, shortly.        ,    '      "
„'*/, „,   B. CHASE,'.. .     .   '
Sec. Blairmore Local 2163
,, The amount of cooperage, produced
in. Canada during 1910 has been .com-'
piled, by the Dominion Forestry Branch
at; Ottawa.; Reports^ were - received,
from ;one hundred- "and, thirty-three-'
firms, of which ninety-four were,in On\
tarid, showing that slack .and tight'
the .value of one million seven hundred
and forty thousand-dollars.;" Asjthe
hardwood -forests'; of-Canada are^ already" greatiy depleted, and "as", the
Canadian products transported in barrels' "are"1 chiefly flour, and .apples') requiringonly' slack cooperage, thetight
cooperage stock manufactured in 1910
amounts'to only one-fifth of the total'
value, ■ Barrels made from tight stock
are used as containers of oils, alcb
holic\liquors and other liquids, and as
Canada has practically no wood of sufficiently .clear, quality- for' such" stock;*
the mpstof it"has~to:be imported as'
staves, or -stave' bolts" from, tho United
States.,' Of the totals slack cooper-,,
age made up one million three hundred
and ninety-five thousand dollars,' which,
is two "'fivuTd'red;' tSousand dollars /less
than the 1909'^raiue),-. ^Notwithstanding
the decreaserln value'of slack.cooper-'
* ' >      '' '     y* *■ -* '   """ " *""     ' "     J *r V\i   *i"V
age for 1910, the'number; of pieced produced was five hundred thousand more
than In 1909.. Practically. nb7cpopeiv
age ls manufactured in Canada'for;export," and whatever .quantity is.'shipp-'
ed out,is the,cooperage left on7 the
manufacturers hands after, the domestic market has been satisfied.'. In the
middle of the last decade the export
trade,was quite an important branch
of the'cooperage industry,-but in 1910,
exports of staves, heading and barrels
amounted to only one hundred and fifteen thousand dollars." ,   . .  7<>'V7
way.'to help;Its advent—a'new earth;'...)
.where the health of the multitude.. wili-! ~
bemore precious in the eyes/of, the law.'-
,than::the;"weafth;ot 7 the"' few;' a-'new';7»
"earth*,.where the BUpefabunda,nce>-with,-:.)
which JPrqvidehce blesses labor cWbe-),'- ;
/directed '^decontrolled.' m that ' the-   r
home:t^y^y&basm"ilha3X'j't^ saved. ',.-".
fromf/ynretqhednj&BsH .'
^d/priyatipn—a "* aW. «arth,' aHa the- \.
ganized to avert" the .worst'from each "*""-"
^lbyd:George;y/:$"bj?c{!&£.. •.. :\y, '
->(Ed)—The above iaWext'ract "Croni &. '•
speech" on the'InBu'rancoiBIH. int^oduc".;.';-,..
by the Chancellor'of; the"-' Exchequer * '"  *'
Oct-14, 1911.) •"-'. -■"' ■ "       "•-'    "
>   O"'   -    -
ThlB Ib not the end' of social reform,
It is a good beginning. Some" of'these
provisions'are only palliativesuntil we
can get deeper. •-■"•"'   y y .j_  > •' V
-1 am taunted that I promised "anew
heavenand a new earth;". They seem to
think that phrase'was uttered by me.
But I arii a humble believer in it.',- - '
„ "I should-like to1>e able' hf a humble
60  YEARS'
•j-" ~'DE-«iaNsi ,y
. CopYRKJHTa Ac.
Anyone lending K iketoh and deMripUon u»»
, qutoklr MMitaln our opinion frao iffietnirin
, lnyentlon It probably Patentable,.fotnmunina!
. ttoMstrloUTMiailentfeL^ANDBMll^nP^'S
rsent free. Oldest Menor for ■eeuHnffMtenSk
P»tenu taken lEroojh Unnn ftwTttoelvt
IfteltU notice, without chaise, la tho ' ^.   ..
Scientific American.
Tlie Ledger ^for Results
Capital Authorized
Capital Paid Up  ..
7    " D;
$10,000,000   Capital Subscribed ; 7,7 6,000,000
■.75,944,278   Reserve  Fund ,.;.'...'.. ,'* -;'5,944,278 *
R. WILKIE, President      .   HON. ROBTJAFFRAY, Vlce-Prcs.
s y    * 7 BRANCHES; IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA     7 .7     . }
Arrowhead," Cranbrook,-Fernie, Golden, Kamloopa. Michel, Moyle,.Nelson;
'-   . -     Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.    '■"-■',       .--5\
1 % ; \     SAVINGS DEPARTMENT"        '
,'" Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date"of deposit'.
FERNIE BRANCH ;  / ..- V   ''[' - 7 GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager^.
,     ,     NO TROUBLE .. „ J-*
.->„     ■ .  '      ..-;.- -.     :   _.:   , - • y .%1
'"" had Jn, India and Africa in utilizing11
7, Mr.'Elephant-as.a.burden bearerv ■'
- '; >/e;. DENVER ""LUMBER" FROM ,
^■^^r-^lrTHiSTYARb-.'' ■' ■ ■'-. ■ '■-
■to wherever you .want-it:;, ^"Ydu -'
needn't carry it away b'y pleceriealj '
but just ask us and we deliver'it-as ■'
you'", , y "';•'„■ \ ^   ', 7,- :
- ;.'•' v ' ;■,;•*''- LUMBER   ^k-\ y. - .;
': All- sizes at'this yardi '■',';'-
oFrica anoi.YARD,7Mcpherson Ave., opp. o. n. depot, fernir,
¥ ♦',* ♦ *.♦ ¥,♦.¥ ♦*♦*♦*♦ *'♦.'* ♦ *'♦¥♦ ¥,♦ ¥ ♦•*♦ ¥'♦ ¥ ♦ ¥♦,¥ ♦*♦*♦■
■■  '  1     ! r~    , 7;   ■ !     ^■"""T"
Spend  Your Money  with   These
General Merchants
Trltes-Wood Co.
1 iii *
Crows Nest Trading Co.
;. ■ Philip Carosolla
Weber's Store, Ltd,
'    "41" Market Co.
Calgary Cattle Co,
,   Fernie Dairy
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel
, Fernie Hotel
Central Hotel
Royal Hoted
King's Hotel       '" s
Cot«m»n Hot^l, Colomnn
B-iyai Hotel, Ntlton
Heal Estate
Ci' E. Lyons ''
- M. A. Kastner
Joe Grafton
Hardware     y      *
J, D. Quail
Trites Wood
J. M, Agnew A Co^ Slko.
Sewing Machines
Wm, Barton
Your Bank Acct, *
Bank of Commerce u
Bank of Hamilton
.   Home, Bank , ,
Imperial Bank
Lumber Supplies   "\
Kennedy A Mangan
-    Fernie Lumber Co.
Billiards and Pool    ',
V/. Inferrm, Club Cigar Store,
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co.
P, Carosella. '
How to travel
Over, the Great Northern
Over the C, P. R.      >\
1.   . .    '
Second Hand Store
When you're> dry
t    Mutz Extra
Livery & Cartage *
George Barton.
1 ' — — --"-  - 1 1      11   ...
. Dr. Barber
law vent.
ftese, McDonald and Une
Eckstein A McTa'ggart .
Laws & Fisher
• ♦ + ♦*♦•♦ ^ ♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦ •
* ~.?y< r}3~<:*3&Vig>v,£7y--' :K^^:^^^^77^:y:^:y
•>j:V  -J
JOd^:AsMoi^a,Wedl^v Head of
*.-,,.'S'*'-1 ''^- *',*; f^ y '; '.'V -v".'\*~l"v- ■ o": -ty;■>:*!'\;" y ^-y
:.. :'.^i^..*--. /!*».-"..:-v/.V--i:tio..,/--?7,-K:---- "-yv./- y;' -       '-." ",'".y
:y/;$mjsn&^ \ ;Vy:-f7
7i -' '  '-VC'-v,
\"'. iiONDON,,-' Nov." 14.-r-Lord -''Ashton,
I'; who'lB a"big manufacturer, of linoleum
in La'ncashi're,remployl'ng7thousarids of
•..hands',-. has:, issued''a'inotlce.7to ,^his
■ employees which'Is:pn'e^oC,the most*
■ ..remarkable"'developments in;thestrug-.
;; ;gle between'capital'and.Iab6r7 .'Lord
',"■ AshtohV,notice says" that, his flrmre-
.ceriUy arranged an'< advance-of wages'
l   in.certain, departments,;,but that now
for reasons of-;Which7thei men 'are
-aware, no advance,..wiil "be"' made.   . ,'*
•The notesaiys: ,;"AU workmen? not
•.   satisfied and who. tnlnlc^they"
'■ better, or even as well'elsewhere,- must
; -leave our employ "at" once, no matter
how large, .may be).the. number, as we
' .'wouldi "rather;close'^be^wholeyworks
« for\ ever -than'jglv.e Ian"''.advance of
'-'wages in any the present- time>7;We1have,aiso,to.say that
initio^ event, of'the works being closed
through railway orVoal strikes, wages
will not be; paid. In '-; future, 7 when
trade is"bad we shall only. keep, men
whom we regard as friendlyi and loyal
to their employer,. who*, for nearly
half a(century has,upheld the. cause
of '" the. working ■'" classes. 7 We shall
not, as in the past keep those who are
bereft of all sense "of .what "is due, not
only to their "employer, but to them-
selves,. It lsvwlth sorrow much greater than Lean' express that Ave are
compelled to give this notice, but the
present state of,things is so intolerable - that we are determined to put
an end tb it no matter what it costs."
Lord'Ashton is-Bald, to have given
$2,500,000- to philanthropic work, -besides' his public benefactions to Lancashire.—Calgary.. News-Advertiser.   „
.-:-."Are-,you using rightly- your/lels-;
ure ? . Everything. depends upon, the
way a man uses his evenings. ;When
t was' a-youth'in Aberdeen," Scotland'-
many/. long;7 years -' ago;.' ■• I r had v to
live for years and years'on elght-'shil-
lings '"a^'week.t- arid' "oupof:\this; had
to pay for'food, lodging, clothes.and
books; 7 -I'- had rioV Sunday; \suit.7 of
clothes;';.l best and7no. .better
suit.-- Lord- Rosebery- has .been;talk-'
irig in his eloquent -way < about.',,the
danger", lest.- the Scottl'shCstuderit
should be too con^fortableV'.and'eulb--
gizing the penury of-, the pastr'J but I
don't know how Lord Rosebery,would
like to live" ori eightshillings-a'week
I. do not inf the-least grudge-the students today, their easier conditions. '
-, "My, last challenge is a-challenge
to you to use your moral and .spiritual power. "-.What is the-use of .-our
schools, colleges, brotherhoods', J sisterhoods and churches if they-do not
produce character? I draw no distinction between moral and spiritual
power because it is my firm conviction that moral, power Js the result
of. spiritual power, and so I hold up
to you the Lord Jesus Christ as the
pattern' of' character, the inspirer * of
character, as tho Saviour, if .we let
him into ou'rsouls. Don't look at
stained glass .windows from, the put-
side. That is what some people do
with Christianity;'they see the dark
unattractive' glass, but nothing ■ of
the miracle and marvel of its beauty."
—Lethbridge Daily Herald."
y 7i^ikiNG; GIRL
V,To\Kriow Her Condition' and Her Sac.
rifices.. One! Must. Experlenfce..Her
ii; -,, /. n   Privatio'ns'Vo Learrt- Her- Needs' for
h   >J \\  Organization.  7'.'7'-7>..-.- ' ^C*'-
'"   I wish'that every"safe; comfortable
'and protected wdinari might be forced'
'if only for' a ;riiorith":to live the .life
of;a 'working-;'girlHri;a,'gr^eat,?clty.; I
,. - would\ have-her wqrkiheBajne hours
"', eat the;same'food,,-live.exactly under
;-"'the same "conditions; that; women work-
-' ing'in--laundries," restaurants "and fac-
\ tories llve'./'j.-i'"■-';''__ - -' ".."; ••'-,. ".7 -
''«-,- She^w'ould ? know., what: is1 meant .to
long for more food to put .the strength
i    she needed forlwork irito%''h'er,.b'ody';
.."\and,not to:dare/buy;itvbecause.she
.,"■.'wasn't- earning erioiigh^money to, eat
"...^'all she wanted."i;i«yy  — .-'.,■'.,-  f,
, '   l -would have' her,;' after" heri'work
1 was-done; dazed with fatigue-arid cold,
v-.,. .,   >-•>   ... -   .;.-.•-  -      .-'v'-.       --,
-    street car-back-platf orni;- where- ever J
/ gr'oiicl?"" pushes i against her," tired "body,
7her swollen,feet,,causing her anguish.
■"-'■'■'    In her*;bai;e\little"dollar-and-a-^alf-a-
- ■ i week bedroprii/'-without the • possibility
-''"' of food or-'waratb/-and'.worst of, all,
>'!.with"rioV one '.to welcome,, her or, tc
: ■   speak to'her,, she" would' set-the alarm
;,. clock, for  6.3Q  the '• next -; morning';
' "drag'off ..her .clothing, with flngersal-
• . . most.. too .tired \to ■ obey' her -will;'
7 .-turning out the gas, grope ih'er way
"; across,the room to the small iron bed
^ and'drawing'the. covers over her shed
..    tears*' ot hopelessness and -fear','; of
■■• weariness and -loneliness, which, only
-.tho helpioss and ".weak can'Shed, '■
•More than this,', slie'■ should know
7,   what It monnt wlioii sho has juBt man-
aged to hold out to the'closing hours
"' .of the factory 'thrpugh what soomod to
.., hor an endless .day of, .''spboding up"
"noise and. rolontlos's-worki.tto have
'   tho" word*" sont 'dowii^fronY the offlco
.   '+hat n'"big order .'hnS-'oomo ln hnd
"all tho girlsv'aro toVstay. and; work
, ' overtime, tonight.'  "777.
• „Sho should loam to know .that thoro
',    nro, two codos of-morals which men
. hold.". Ono sot of morals for tho pro-.
■   toctod.'glrl who hns'social position
.  * and wealth.     Anothor. code for tho
- working girl .who has no protoctlon,
i ..and who can therefore -bo oxploltod.
', -When, womon onco reallzo that tho*
most helpless thing In all thls.oarth is
,„   tho woman who • iriust' liibor to 6arn
hor broad, and who standB nlono, with
out home, or money;, or* organization;
with-nothing to sell but her separate
and unprotected* power to "work;, when
women realize the tragedy, the hopelessness-<bf7this struggle,- then .the
.words u "working,, women must organ-
'izeto survive',-will have, a meaning to"
thein.V. •.'"        ' , -"'._.  - ..;  '
'7Out1 of\ this sense" oft-kinship will
.spring the, battle cry.of-women for
woman, "We are of one blood, I and
thou.'   - 7-'   ";•' '     ■  ".-'      »
;>Then women will, understand and'
feel what the organization of women
means. You will not have to convince their intellects that "alorie they
are. helpless .and "together they are
strong," for -their.^hearts will te'ach
them.' ■ '. -, •" '*;.-' .'7 --. :, ,; '' :
We will then haye that, comradeship,
among women yhich will enable'us to
haye" -the' substance of "a civilization
where now." we. have-but'its shadow.
—Helen..M.-'To'dd;', Illinois State Factory. Inspector.,"'-'   -'     '■> N
circulating. l|brary,
-    '• fernIe
"7'Says,'Sir 'Robertson* Nicoll
British Weekly, said in a recent" address^ to the National Brotherhood of
Great ..Britain" •'. ' '•;.', .--""y-
*?As regards political .power,'I have
always-refused;1 to believe 'that the
peoplo' of' this 'country"are a people'
to bej.pit'ied. ?.-tliey are'a' people "to
b^.challeriged. ■' .For'a long~while they.
havo,strivon; and agitated- tp secure
their freedom, and now they "are beginning, to f discover the door Is open
and that they can do just whatever
theyVpleaso.* ; Do not' ask for pity
because'.;you are under*" unjust1- and
crushing laws; you have it all in'your
own hands j you can legislate as you
Please., ..In one respect only I am.Inn
agnostic, .and that is as regards the
final order of society." Idonot know
what it will be. But you have tho
power to secure equal righteous, fair
Christian legislation, and I challenge'
you to uso it. ,
'" "Noxt, I challenge you to ubo your
God-given intellect nnd, faculties.,1 I
admit tho distribution ' of material
things tho world ovor Is radically unjust, That can to a great extent' bo
rodrossod by tho processes of legislation, but ln knowlodgo you must win'
for yourself by slow, difficult, solf-
sacrificing stops. Whatevor change
may tako plnco in thb ordor of society, knowlodgo will always bo powor, ;' I am vory far from Baying that
tho gates' of knowlodgo aro equally
opon ,to all, still wo nro n groat doul
noarbr tho Ideal than wo onco woro.
' It .has'been felt for some' time that
a Circulating Library would be a great
boon to the people of Fernie, and with
this object in view a few interested
people met together, recently "and- decided tb proceed with the formation of
a'library of this^ description. It was
arranged to make the subscription $1;'
and as the inanagers of the Knox Presbyterian-Church have been kind enough, to grant the use of the basement
it was also arranged to use.that place
for the present as a library. Persons
subscribing.have.the privilege of each
naming one book .which they would
like to be secured for the library.
Subscriptions .will be, received by
the Rev. Mr:'Grant of the Presbyterian
Manse;-,or".by Mr. J..F."Macdonaid at0
the Home Bank of Canada. It is hoped to have^the first'consignment of
books ordered by December 1st. and
the beginning of the new, year.
We ■ trust, this laudable enterprise
to have the library in;,operation by
will be supported by all] interested iri
books.' a standing reproach"to
a city the size bf Fernie with so many
cultured -inhabitants', .that there is no
promise and swell up' with big words
—and will do mighty,little.   Whatever
he does -will be-in the.interests, not
pf,'the "workers but 'of the."mastersv - -,
7 There is work to" do in Montreal,
much work.    The-labor .thieves have
many tasks for the slayesj • They need
strong* slaves, well-bo'died. slaves, slaves 'with   some; intelligence." *   These,
kind of slaves do"riotMeyelop1 iri slums
where fever .breeds, •'where bugs arid
lice prevent sleep,*"where,the body-
grows weak through' vitiated air. - „ >
'  Some of the masters have been feeling this,.'lack of, strong slaves.. They
have been-talking.'^ .Guerin, as their
mouthpiece, says soinethiiig..must be
done.'   '-1'- -7"."-   •  "'„ '•'"
Undoubtedly some slum areas will
be cleaned up—in eight'or ten years
after much advertising in 7the capi-
.talist press. * There will be a Jew
municipally built> houses for workers.
Some of "the- slum dwellers will be
routed out pf their present quarters
—and will settle down in some, other
quarter of the. city and make a new
slum area, v-        ' ,""
For the values of city property in
Montreal are going lip. The landowners find they can squeeze people into
closer quarters and arev* squeezing'
them. The better'class of people,
the more'successful petit bourgeoisies,
are moving into smaller rented flats,
and the poorer ; workers are, being
squeezed into one or two rooms.
It would never do, from Guerin's
point bf view, to municipalize all the
land' and, buildings'.within .the city
limits, by confiscation and stop the
bloodsucking of' landlordism altogether. That would be doing away with
the vested interests'of capitalist gentlemen who voted for Guerin and perhaps contributed funds for his election
on-the-"reform ticket."      " "'
- So we see*" the, continuation of - a
flamboyant campaign against slums,
and wre will see a mighty small result
from all the* agitation.
As long as-the, workers look'to
Guerin for help, or their masters for
sympathy,' they will get robbed and
betrayed and Jive, in misery.      ^
A revolutionary working class, unit-,
ed against their" exploiters-and trusting to themselves alone to better their
conditions, is the only hope.—Cotton's
Weekly. '   •-',,'.'    ' ,
The. XHJJYUjgg
circulating library.
■ Intending subscribers, will.confer-a
favor, by paying' the subscriptions as
soon as possible in order that there
might be no delay in- comriiencing operations. -
♦ ♦♦
♦ -, - This is^ to notify any mem-   ♦
'<►   ber of-the.TJ.'M. W. of. A.- *♦
♦ found, guilty-of'making false -,♦
♦ statements .with a view to ob-. ♦
,2$L_tairiing,reIief_wiILbe-prQsecut- ♦,
♦ ed-and .forfeit, all rights of  ♦
♦ membership.' *  ■ ♦
American 7 Writer Advises Man" Who
Wants More Results to Sharpen
v;      Cultivator and Use Muscle
• If any man0 thinks his farm is worn
out, let him swap his team that weighs
eight hundred" each for one that
weighs fourteen, hundred' each and
plow, his ' land two or - three inches
deeper than it has ever been plowed,
get.-his cultivator,sharpened, and start
with the"idea that'the soil is thirty-
five feet deep and that the land in New
York State has been cropped for one
hundred years and is not worn out
yet, so writes a Now'York farming
editor. There is land in the town of
Paris that will produce jriore now than
it would fifty years ago.and could be
mado to double what it now yields.
I dug a well on my farm, says the
.writing farmer, that was thirty-fiva
feet deep, and some ot the Boil that I
took out of the bottom raised the longest herdsgrass heads that I ever saw.
I feel sorry for some of these old,
worn-out farmers that have farmed all
their lives and havo reduced their
muscle and courage so much, and who
hold forth such an Idea ot "worn out"
land to t he young farmer. Young men
want all the courage they,can get. If
ajoung man buys a farm and Ib told It
is half warn out and ls given the idea
that in a few years it will be all worn
out, what courage can he have in working tha farm at all.. A boy , that ls
brought up- on- a farm has a good
muscle, good health, and is generally
fitted for a long'life. • There Is no one
more independent than a farmer, and
there never has been a better time for
a young man to buy a farm and pay for
it than there haB been during" the last
five years. If they1 are putting it off
for better times.I think it is a mistake.
They give you a farm if you will pay
them two-thirds of what tho buildings
cost, and good land at that.
Young man, jump in, do not be
afraid that the land is worn out That
idea was-started by a man that had
the blues.' Strawberries are 98 per
cent, water, so that the 95 per cent,
of the, two per cent, would be a small
tax on the land.
- I do not suppose there is, any nourishment in land plaster, but I have
seen,marked effects from its use on
grass and.other crops in dry weather.
I always put it on potatoes when I
planted them. It retains moisture and
draws nourishment from the atmosphere.' -No, doubt there are some phosphates that supply the soil with some
quality that, it lacks and brings good
results, .but-if Twas paying for a farm
I;would "save the phosphate'money, to
pay my .interest and take my chances
on good cultivation.
I would .'advise, all' young men who
intend "'to farm it to remember that the
two"words-N"good cultivation" are the
most important'words. to the young
Notice is hereby given that a Dividend
at the rate of SIX: PEU CENT, per annum
* upon the .paid up Capital Stock of The ,
• Home Bank of Canada has been declared
for the THREE MONTHS ending 30th .of'
November, 1911, and the same will be pay- ,,
able "at its Head Office and Branches on  .
and after Friday, 1st December next."
1   The Transfer Books will be cIosedTrom .
the 16th to' the 30th November, 1911, both
days inclusive.
., By order of the Board,
Toronto, October2Sth, wn. •       General Managor.
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager. "   ' Fernie Branch
Capital   Paid   Up   ........$ 2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets 40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton has mode
saving simple—by eliminatin gall unnecessary Bank formality. ,
, An account may be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act as an incentive to
steady saving and will quickly grow
to a sum worth while.
Tanner?"" Young man, why not starTIri
and go to" fanning'and take in this 95
pe'r"oent.°bf the crop that is floating
in tbe air? It is easy to catch; a good,
well-tilled farm is the, best trap in the
world. A fine, well-tilled soil is drinking it ln when-you are in bed and
asleep. Poor "Richard said that God
helped those who helped 'themselves.
Hugh   Armstrong,   Manitoba,   Heads
Syndicate to Exploit Brazeau
' ■'   - Fields
No anxiety on   I
Baking-day if yoti use|
^^p,    Hg|        _ ,|Mi|||    Mg   ytLXmSjKm^ltm^mW
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Isrm "ih Wim   "W pWl AWW •WmW4mVn}lWtmw0fWi mW^R^
AmitiAitj i vnuci
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v\\ ^ww. ,*y v,v,\\svy ^*}*>;A\\\A\\\\\yy v,
1 Mayor Guerin, of Montral, has been
gallivanting round the earth while
being paid ten thousand dollars to be
Mayor-of-Montreal. , "While.ho was
gone there wns a pro-mayor appointed.' -This pro-mayor gallivanted' off
to New York leaving the job of being
mayor to a clerk. Evidently tho job
of. Mayor pays woll and can'run itself for a month at a tlmo. ,
" lint Guerin evidently feels that he
niust'nppoar to hnvo been working in
tho interests of tho city, So lie'
etarts an anti-slum campaign. Ho
baa started a campaign to nbolisn
tbo elumB.
. No, not started. Ho Is talking
about' an anti-slum campaign. • Tlio
crowded quarters of the city appall
him. Englishmen havo boon over,
dolvod round tho back streets of our
groat "nnd glorious comniorclal metropolis and havo declared thnt England, Inndlorrt ridden, rackrontod England, has nothing to compare ^with our
So tho slum question is,, to the
front. It Is being talked about in tbo
capitalist pross. It Is hoped that
with tho cry to abolish tho slums tbe
workers will hnvo tholr oyoH tntcon off
tho question of moro pny and short-
or hours.
ThlB crusade against overcrowding
and slum homes should, some will
think, rnlso a groat rojolclng among
us Socialists, It does not. Wo are
wonry with capitalist tricks, Guerin
being a bonebman of tbo capitalist
system, ls powerless to romody tlio
Two years ago I was talking with
an Anglican clergyman, lie wns nn
ontbuslnst. Ho hnd attended a dl-
ocesan congress or something whoro
-many beautiful words had been spoken on behalf of tbo poor, lio told mo
with groat confidence that now tho
ovll would bo tackled. Tho Church
had resolved to put her hand to the
plow nnd bring nbout an amelioration
In lho condition of tho homes of the
t<utj*vt   |A.w,/i<;.       ' *iui|, nltu <! <10 llulll-
Inir." mid t That van \wu j-iw* axu
and tho Church sllll slumbers on.
Now Mayor Guerin Is talking. The
clvle authorities are going to do some
thing,    ,Tho workingmen are looking
tf,lr.JF,.M,J     »...     ,..1l.« «.»...< »
their churches, They bollovo In
tholr masters. They bollovo In their
clvle authorities. Thoy are putting
tbelr faith in falso friends and secret
enemies. ,
Tho churches of Montreal nro supported by tbo plunderers of labor—to
keep tho workers In Innornnm   Tho
matters of Motit real'nro rich nnd prosperous—through the robbery of  tho uti.    This would mean over twelvo
wafff wot Vers. , Tfte clrle authorities cars per hour, or one car «r«ry five
are the representatives and detonates minutes for K00 yearn,    "Eiiht train
—oftbflcbus that Ht* by the robbery ] loads ef 30 cJirs p*r day wald ho
of the workers.
WINNIPEG, Nov.- 13.—L. V. Uivo
and It. McLennan have just returned
to the city'from a flvo weeks' trip to
tho Brazonu coal Holds'in Western
Alborta.' Those gentlemen wont Into
tho coal fields via the Grand Trunk
Pacific to Edmonton and from Edmonton thoy wont by rail to Prairie
Crook. Here thoy took a.pack train
consisting, of twelvo horses and flvo
mon and went down tho McLood Rlvor to,the North Ilrnzenu, They continued on tholr wny to the conl properties of lho Drills"! Colllorlos Ltd.
Mr. Rico mado a thorough examination of this property nnd ho reports II
ns a favornblo proposition.
Mr, McLennan iiIbo has secured
about 8000 ncres of coal landB adjoining this valuable proporty. lio was
acting for a syndicate of Winnipeg
financiers, at tho hand of which is
Hon, Hugh Armstrong, M.P.P., Tlio
coal ln this district Is of a high carbon bituminous vmloty, Mr. nico reports thnt It Is a hlgh-clnss conl nnd
fully oqual to that, of Western Virginia or WoHtoni Pennsylvania,   .
Immense Deposits
Tlio coal vein Is twenty fool on ono
and eight foot on tlio othor of thoso
two hods, It In entlnwtort Hint tho
rinuonii mines will yield .48,787 Ions
to tho acre. Tho British Collieries
own 13,800 acres nnd tho Wliinlpo«
syndicate owns 8,000 moro. Mr. nice
prospocted nround In tho neighborhood and locnled nnotlior vein nenr
tho nrltlsh proportion, which lo thirteen foot thick,
1  The estimated nutnbor of tons   on
Uiu properly is tH<S,KblMiuu,
II hi u w.,',;.; c'irv; c^'uiato {'t*c
there Is nn eqiinl amount in tho other
two veins. Taking only the coal at
present known, to oxlst thero nro
Important Decision by Judge Hewaon,
Manitoulln Island
A decision of very considerable Importance to the residents of Northern
and North-Westorn Ontario has ' been
given by Judge Hbwson, of Manitoulln
Island, A settler named John Kinrioy
was fined by the, magistrate $20 and
costs for hunting during opon season
without n license. Ho appealed and
the judge quashed tho conviction,
In tho course of his judgement
Judge Howson recites tho particulars
of tho caso. Tho dofendant went to
tho unorganlzod district of Manitoulln
In 1870 and settled lpon land in tho
townBhlp of Gordon as a farmer,
Whllo still working his farm ho wont
to rcsldo at Goro Bay and bocarao
clerk of the municipality. Tho Judge
hold that, although Ooro Bay was established as a town with municipal
Institutions by a special act of Legislature the dofondant was Btil] a settlor, 	
A Large Summer Hotel Seeks to Employ Them as Walters
Much comment has boon arousod in
University circles In England and on
tho Continent by a notice wluoli has
been posted up tn tho university hnll
by tho Academical Society, Buda Pest,
for assisting: Indlgont students. Tho
notico in quostlon Is an advertisement
by tho proprietress ot a largo summor
hotol offering a salary of $40 a month
.each to a number of students who
would undertake" to act as waiters at
tho establishment during tho holidays,
Bovoral young mon obtained tho posts,
but tho university authorities, aftor ro*
consldorfng tho matter, enmo to the
conclusion that a waiter's calling ls
"altogether out of keeping with rt university course An nddross on tlio
subjoct Ib thoroforo to bo given by the
donn of Iho university, who will ut-
tompt to dlssuado tho students from an
undertaking which ho cannot, however, prohibit. ,.
Thero aro millions of good Canadian
money Invested In Mexico, Brazil and
i*(.fa<,'<»*      4h,..4.1,1.4*     t.*ttl-     i.KfutU,     4.J     4.*.**
I'unnrnl tulvnntnpin of lho rnvmtry, bo
Fronting the lake and surrounded by improved property. A few tracts still
available at exceptionally
low prices. Satisfaction
assured.    Cash talks.
Genuine Bargain
Joe Grafton
Fernie       - ■ .  B. C
Number of Bravo Fellows Entombed
In Pennsylvania Mine
PUN8UTAWNHY, Po., Nov. H.—
Hlx bodies of minors woro recovered
from tho binning Adrian shaft of tho
Rochester and Pittsburg Conl nnd Iron
Co., shortly after ono o'clock thin
morning by rescue crown from the
government, biirenu of minim million
ul. HUsburg,
Tho rescue car arrlvod hero two
(hours Into and tho four mllo trip to
, Aii'ii'rtii Mtity uuuUi uuiv uuu Hindi Uil-
fields   whore  life and dlvidondN ah
both uncertain.—Monetary Times,
bettor Invested At homo.   Ilocont hap-, ,   . . ,   A   m   ,       , ,.
IHinlngs In these Latin-American cow* i "<lKy and 'o^ of "<"<-'• Iwcauso the
trie* should prove an objwt k«#«n "« car was too wide for the right of way
 „ „ „.v    „,„  our capitalists that for nafo and pro- ordinarily used  by the coal trains
,mm,m toiis on the three pro-j K^'rSSnt 2S CT™" «'° «'•
kA-UktA ".Mi^ikAni.      »»»m ttt«Aii* Viral " ""'          ^ """" *"""
2,093,300 tons were taken out each
year for five hundred years tbo beds
would only then bo exhausted, Working three hunrdod days a year, thero
could be taken out of these mines 8977
tons of cosl por dny. ''Worklnir dmi-
ble shift, that is day and night, there
would h« taken out of th* gretind
ions per hour, or 7>,4 tons per mln-
Telegraphic dispatch from Vienna,
Austria, stating that Sienktowlcz wns
shot whllo hunting pheasants, his
companion mlstsklnir blm for n bird.
I'owslbly "pheasant" mlghe read
"pmaut." At any rate had he cM'ed
out "Qua Virtl«-T' before dlsehnrcius
i*ie im» whh ijki ruMiii ul nu explosion yostcrdny. Fifty miners who
entered tho shaft sevural hours aftor
tho accldont in an attempt to effort
a rcscuo woro driven out by tho gas,
some of them becoming unconscious.
flnerln will talk and splutter and IHerald.
tbo contents of his rifle he might havo
taken obt for this ttm«.—L**hhrM/y. I found out "Who sroes there?"
Curat BAckAeho, Bfadctor and
field with * piv»!HTe raartnw.   Al
Thofftir ff*rtMr,», !J.1 e/»«f«r jvr bor, or Th«
(injuries wo bellote are but slight.      ]Pig PHI Co., Bt. Thomas, Ont,
Oi      Pi      Ri
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario, Quoboc &
MaHtlmo Provinces
Tlrki'tn MiMta <onnoiil»n with .ItUhtlti
PW-Aiii'lilj* will !»' <«t ml* from Nov, |nth
(n I ice. 3l»t linlii»iv«i nmi lliiillixl to flvo
mould* from iluto of Iimuc
FlnM iviiilpniFnt.HiAniliinl Klf*t ("lm* (ttwl
To»rl"t Hlec|ilritf Cur*.   Dining ('nro
on nil ilinmuli train*
f"iiiiHinrtiiH"'.'. IJIir ii-j- flli....-fv,i(toiv "i*M i>k
"InilN-rui ].iiniU.r
Doc, lttto3l«tlnelutlve
Return limit 3 month*
Apply n<wo*t V. J'.lt. Agent for p»rtl<"uUr»
orwrluiua U1XM.MK. 7^-'-, ---,
i in ssraraesa;
7-:-'  ---v. *&Vfo \ \ ~:yZ7*m%x&*; <-..• - ■-- y yt>^ptmyy'^
'.%    -\"-, ;^7F-" 7      :* :t'7^y* y :■.-■■; y*---.c-\V;,t«^
:>.-, ..-y-.Vt-  " ■ ^r^y"   ' *'^'  ^-^^-^y^^^^^
r'-' '.'     ,   i "-, -*>-r;    \        ■ - ■■    - .'-...-■""'    .•."■-,■ .T.i       Ji;\  ■'..' ,'.   '•  „'  ',-Va    . «--.; :7,;"j  "j 7.    -;> \"\ ''IV *<*>?-■ .'-«3/rt.     -',- -ii.- -' --1:     .. • '"r;    .%7-'
___ ■■ :•' " ■ ii"1  _■. * •      '.   7 -v *-* -".."    ~'   .'■:; '-.  •' .• -;,-;■-:-    .   '.-.   ^' 7. .    yy -'   \  ' i^.-s ',--.-'-'y''--v,*''-.7 .' .-'.-■' i'7t> '-'77. ...jy'?!- ,--"«r77.- -77 74V" •-•7'
Published every Saturday morning at itst office';
Pellat Avenue,' Fernie,1 ,B/ OS Subscription "$1.00
7\."7.v-..*  "I;, -y   7'7 xi?.. y;--*'./7'''vr:' '\.
per year: in advance.   An excellent; advertising
medium,   Largest .^circulation, in .the District..,, Ad
-rertising rates on application; fpfp:to-date. facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book/"job"and
color,work," Mail orders receive special attention,
" - ■   ,-.,,     ■, v" -.._   yt, ,      a        -     ■ ;>
Address all communications' to. The District Ledger.
y -,-■ *,•.»/■-'" J. i-W.- BENNETT, Editor: •..''
Telephone No. 48.   .'.,     Postoffice Box No. 380
• -     • ' -        >.,. -....
,    ,p LSE"WHERE ih our columns will be found a
~*  list of questions that, form part of the exaitr
,    ation recently held in various parts of British Col-'
' • umbia for the purpose of ascertaining- the'quali-
, fications of individuals ambitious to obtain the
government certificates for fire bosses,-pit. bosses
and managers. In order that those laymen "who
-labor under the impression regarding the men .who
dig beneath the soil being largely composed of individuals with' but scant knowledge, ~ we -would
strongly urge upon such to read very carefully
the many problems propounded,-when we feel confident, that, if they, will be fair, conclusions must
be reached that even the lower office, that of Fire
Boss, demands a standard of education which is
superior to that required in like capacities in any-
other industry. Not alone should tlie educational
feature appeal to the outsider: There is another,
item worthy of consideration, viz., it may perhaps
- enable those who labor under the' impression 'that
• • miners, as a class, are remunerated above' the
average of-what obtains in ' other occupations,-
would state that the average wage of a Fire Boss
is $105 per month. His labors are not limited to
a six-day week, but quite frequently, in fact, we
believe at least twice'each month he must put in
seven days for a week's work, and'likewise; his
hours are not limited to eight each day.'7 Conse-
quently it is'only common sense for the deduction
/to be .reached that $105 must be much in excess
of the amount received by the average coal' miner;
•   otherwise the natural assumption would 'foUoVth'&t'
rather than educate oneself and submit to .a rigid
-   .examination^ such as is customary for those'hold-.
;' ing a government certificate, 'would prefer to remain just an ordinary coal digger.       \    ,"    -\
«*r'7*i< j
both;, .wor.d jand, deed, exercise.'their .'belief in .the
justness, of the demands, in ,any uncertain tones.*!
This latter type of. man"'is .'developing rapidly and
+lVk>-«-ni-,r tontine, +>io+"nn+,v» i»>i-« ^Viv^'il.~— ^Vl." lj> j.l5-7->
these* "agitators'.Tare''ele^iaM^theiT^ch'araci^rj
i.e., coercion or repression.; .-With,-' mental, vision
clouded by-superlative > egotism, a-"better than
thou'' attitudp,-' toward?those -under them they
'cannot see that there'is"" air awakening;e'v"ery\vheye,
and, even the .Oriental;- steeped' in age longlmedie-
._valism, is aroused from.his lethargy. r-7';7. .;'*4'
- ^P^te.-force may.,perhaps-obtain'for a'spotf^'iit
in-the.face;6f-an enlightened, andr-intelligent;discontent it becomes a the"wind''sure
to .meet'-'the'fate, it deserves and be overthrown. -.
and pass! .into', history ..forever.; \y , •   i 77 7,'
_"R A €f Q r>r\~\ £x a a _
perhaps appear i unnecesisary, would strongly, ad^
vise all those of our readers who have, only vague
notions of .what, is required by mine workers acting in minor official capacities, should read /carb:
fully all of the various questions given, when they
will have a wider, conception, of the duties and responsibilities incumbent upon these* factors in the
winning of coal.
TUT.fK. OAKES, representative-of the Pfleuss,
*Y4 Mine Kescue Apparatus, .who--has been making demonstrations at various pdinits over the line
of the Grow's Nest, reached Fernie on-"Wednesday
and went up to Coal Creek for'the .purpose of giving au exhibition there of their latest model. The
claim for this apparatus is that the weight-of thirty
five pounds is evenly' distributed over the body,
consequently it is much easier to carry than if bulk-
ed up,' as is" the case with some- other'makes. Itis
also claimed for this apparatus that sufficient oxygen'call be carried to last four hours; furthermore
that its^ resisting force "has not-'only'-passed.the
crucial tests applied to it by the British* Board, of
Trade, but- it > will even stand a greater.-pressure
than they demand. In the Little Houghton Colliery disaster Mr.*Oakes informs''us "it was-used,
with signal success, and .we may say .that at this
season of the year when,- consequent upon atmospheric conditions prevailing, explosions are more occur, it is of,vital importance that the
necessary appliances for the rescuing of life not
only should, be, installed,'but that trial practices
be carried, on "expeditiously^" "Another great advantage claimed for this apparatus is the fact that
it can be very readily adjusted by the wearer himself, and does not require any other assistance in
donning it.     ,'     " -,"' ' s '
It is earnestly'to-be hoped "that demonstrations
of this character will be attended by everyone immediately interested in so''important a'work as"
that of rendering .first aid, to .those who are uri-
■fittunate enough to be entombed. . Furthermore,
it is also" to be^hoped that the governments of
British Columbia.and.Alberta will as quickly as
possible, subsequent to their satisfaction' of whatever apparatus is' most meritorious, see to it that
stations fully equipped both with-appliances and
-The District Ledger, accepts no responsibility foivUle views expressed by its corros-''
pMdent8.?ComailU!lcations wUl be inserted
whether''-signed".', by the real-name of the;
swriter or »;nom deplume, but the writer's ■
''USffi^an4^drees-jr^nust ba' giveri-tovtho
"??,',w>r &s evidence ot good faith.- In no case"
will it be divulged without consent,    w..
men will be installed.'
t]i'lf*~~ * r
Q INCE the beginning of tho current weck.,t)iere.
*p has,been considerable anxiety,throughout tho
.district relative to the action that the mine workers
would take when tlio recently drafted agreement
come before them to vote upon. ; Now tlie dvi-
denco is in that the majority of tho men have ex-
pressed a willingness to endorso ther joint schedule
to govern for tho next three and a half years.
Thero is ono significant fact, however, to be
taken^noto of, and moro especially should
an object lesson to thoso would-bo wise-acres who
havo so persistently asserted that it was tho loaders
who; for sinister motives, woro prolonging tho
struggle. These oft, repeated "statements ought
to roccive their rebuttal by tho substantial vote
given against tho acceptance of tho award, becauso to nny, save thoso who do not wish to bollovo and likewise aro ultra zealous in their efforts
Jo mould public opinion, should recognize thut it
h railly tho rank and file, tlio private, so to spwik,
in tho ranks who is tlio arbiter.
Viewed in tho nnrrow light of tho individual
whoso only stamp of what constitutes failure, the
dollar mark, tlio result of the protracted idleness
cannot bo regarded as a signal victory. Never-
tlioltiHH to thoHo who look not only nt today but
tnko a gnzo into tho future, o future by no moons
romoto, nmi tlio knowledge gnined during tho punt
eight months has been nn oducntivo benefit that
transcends tho calculations of thoso olwcfwml willi
tho idea of "nftor mo tho dolugo." Tho lessons
thnt hnvo been taught aro inorndiVnblo. Lphsoiih,
though dearly bought, nro essential in tho mental
ovolutionnry processes of tho mass-mind, upon
whom is thrust tho realization that methods that
have obtained in tho past, while not entirely obsc
'''pHE recent award of the NobeTPrize to Madame
'-1 - Curie .will, bev received with paeans of praise
by the woman suffragists and their supporters, although, the'opponents to the femininist movement,
whilst'acknowledging, the justness of the judges
will endeavor to belittle its importance to the sex
as,, a whqle.     Everywhere with the"terrific development of industry and the association as a cog
''in .the wheel the weaker sex will more insistently
vociferate their demands for the franchise.     One
of the obstacles that will confront those who are
espousing this evolutionary phase in present day
activity may bo tho narrowness of somo of its supporters desiring firstly to limit the franchise upon
a property qualification basis thus making it a
question of property and not humanity; secondly,,
advocating it from tho viewpoint of sex domination
instead of looking upon .the wholo matter more
broadly, that as woman is a complement to man tho
moro fact of difference in gender should not in any
wise militate against her being accorded tho fran-
chiso.    That sho will mako mistakes is safe to ox-
poet, but in this respect merely copies tho oxamplcs
of tho-"nobler" creature--man; but onco grasped,
tho truth of'tlio statempnt that thoro can bo ho true
froodom until every human being possesses it, woman will bo equally as aggressive as man to aid in
tho emancipation of all.
Herbert Spencer, describes woman's. treatment
hy man ns brutal iri tho oxtrcmo, but! even this grent
authority is not nocessary to bo quoted becauso
ovon the dabbler in history knows it 6f common
knowledge thnt woman has over boon subject since
capitalism dawned.
. 7_'.'<\West;:Fernie, Nov.. 7fh> 1911."
To lho Editor, District Ledger:,,.'. " 7
Dear .Sir,—I notice InUjast.weeks'
District ^Ledger ,tiiat my ixtame" a'ppeaiv
ed amongst* the" list of ^ persons' ex-'
pelled from the^U. M. ,W. of A;,, with
the heading,;"Th,is is One,Way of Getting Your "Name-Before/the Public'.'-'
I do'not see' wh^_ my name should
have appeared? in this list as-1? was
not a.'member of ,that ,union7 having
cancelled my membership on Tuesday,
Oct". 31st, when I, refused to sign a
statement giving the "Union the right to
deduct $5 per month from iny wages
for a period of 3%' years. ... ,.,■;
.When I went to the Miners' Hall for
the relief I.was entitled to until the
termination of the strtke/l had the
paper mentioned above pushed under
my nose and told to slgn.or-I got no
tood.   ' ;,       v ' '    '■ f~
I am sure any man who has any principle^ all.woujd have done as I-have
done, and-refuse to sign ..anyo paper
giving'anyone power to stop a matter
of $210 from his wages and probably
a lot more.
This is what it meant. Let'me explain:. ,. You; are told you are liable
to pay $5 per, month towards-the U. M.
W. of A.,'then.,therejlsia levy of $1
per month on' the ^Juers' Hall. .Also
$25,000 loaned ,fr$n District 10, "U. M.
W.'of A., .Washington, that requires
paying back by,'Sept. 1912/ I think,
Mr.-Editor, that one has a right to
consider what^heis signing before he
does anything,he may regret afterwards, and more than that,' it is a
low down.action'.at the present time
for any union to ask the men to sign
anything until the agreement agreed"
to by the "union and employers Is being worked. The only.reason I can
see is they (the union officials) think
that the men' after-being out on strike'
over, 7 .months, are forced .to sign for
starve. ,. THereis no other word for
it,    ■   _■-   y7
The District .Ledger has made a
great-point during this present conflict
of letting,the public, know what is,going on; it is time, someone else let
them, know, a iittle more. The ledger
says I' am. .expelled for the offence,,
but does not say,jwhat offence I have"
committed.....? 7, -.:•.'
-Coming to the present conflict, when
the investigation committee was,form-'
ed with ,Dr" Gordon at the head, the
miners thought they, would get all they
$lHfrorJ_f,\l-_^ tlAn.AnAH IL _!-« li. i ^
off.'  Then the offer of the op-s
union) nor any one else'made a< col-
lectlonffor me.*' f-yy?i\.i'.-]~yy<~--U <;.
.^Trusting you wHKinsert jthis-in
your next Issue anditha^ki&.youlin
anUcipatlbn7i:**"f^.!f,7^4fyfV^ ." 7
i'-'-.y ■ I remain;.. . . »
..  -     -■ i. 'Yours truly;§55,.-.-
;. .(Ed.—Below.s.a copy, of the checkoff slip. The statenjents mad© in ..the.
above are new to7 us,'we' therefore
leave the question of criticising;them
to those better informed.)' '.- •«'« " '
'•   '■-   »      i        - . . - •       .-'-': ''.;V-  '  ^>-
TORS' ASSOCIATION ...y, "r]y";.
■In accordance, 'with,, the,'agi&-
; ment enturtd into* between'District
'No. 18, United "Mine'. Workers''bi
America, and' the," Western "Coil.
'Operators' Association '.:.7-..<.f I
authorize, and empower you to de-
;,drJct and pay .to the' Secretary-
Treasurer of Local-Union ".;....?..
 '.'.,U. M. W.'of A., 'from my
earnings from month to month dur-'
ing the life of said'agreement, $5.00,
or such leEser amount" as may be
. designated by the Financial-Secretary of the above Local.    1==.
:    Signed ....;-..-:..-'.':;-.;.v.;--....V.
Member District 18,,U.*M. W. of A;
Witness .". ..:...,..;. '    -
(Ed.—Last week we stated it was
our intention to await further;details,
from one, Wm. "Potter, who had sent
In a letter to this of flee',, but as this
individual' has' so. far* preserved .silence on the subject, we are now re"-
producing the letter and with it a
reply,. froin/Secretary Uphill.) .
,, • Fernie," B.* 'c.;' 15th Nov., 1911
To the Editor,- District Ledger:
Dear Sir,—With regard to-the letter'
of Wm'.vPotter: ; Firstly would state'
that this man (I beg pardon) did,not
cancei his membership on the 31st day
of October, but:.refused to sign the
statement;-not,' as.' he alleges, for the
purpose.of.deducting $5.00 per month
for a period of'SV^1 years, as this $5.00
is only lntende'd as ,a. maximum" and
that a lesser amount would be deducted each , month. - This, without" the'
least "doubti was quite plain, or at
*.!,.^c^."' 7- 7M-77-yy^'^m^ y.-! ^^^y^Tf'* t-*-1 *-* jt-i'.'* v ^—^ *^«.^7- &
tfi .£%&$$*■ ALEXANDER^LAIR^GeHe^u: Manaqto   -iy -
-.^    v-     ,» -1^*
GAPr^U^ $10,00^000 7 ;y-   yrRESt:^   $8^)0000
Every braoch of.Tim C*nadi*a Beak of Cooumhtm |« equkmbd to.iorae drafts oa
U» ivincipal cities in tk« faUoviagcbaMriM wkfciAdelar^H^'+i,'** V^>* ■-' ■> .y-
■■ &2> * -  v'St?^ y y iBtf^^fiR^:;^8ai:^':
-Switxtdan*'' • ,,,
' Turkey ,.'. '"• , ~.
^ Uaatcd St^M
WNMI,^   I
. Urapuw.,        , ,
Bdpua  „
v  CcKm..   '.    , ,'1 WehCocUiChiiuiJWhir-.,^      .  Kwu    ■
■    Chili '<-".    "Carawnv.   . tfimjt'wfc'.'   '.'   Ci-ilL 7.'
^Ota  :-.*.- .Great B^-' mJ3m7!?&.:&}S2K.' ,  ,«.
The amount of these diafu m tteted in the CMMey of the cWtry where theyare p»T-
abk;; that is they are draw» ia steriktp, lhu«i^-«»ri^^ltt^.lTOrien,'floria», yea, 7
taels, rouMea, etc.,- as tbe case may be. This casuraa' that the payee" abroad win :.
receive tbe actaal amouat icteaded.   •*-, >;-"'..7<"-.-* ",''^"-y'f*-W<-;r7   .-:■ -. "' ' ±2U'<
FERNIE  BRANCHyriy - ,. »;- ^7 H y' O L^S/>AbK; Manager;
r\ NK who linH plumed tlirouRli Fernio and soon
^ tho number of Imbitationn tliero nro of nil
kinclR, ehnractcrfl and doscriptionu, would upon boo-
ing the returns jrlvonby tlio NoInou Nowh, imaRino
thnt our oitizens were exceptionally fortunate individual living in this town, an aloiiRtliefl linos it
might en«ily bo computed thnt Fornio had one man
ono homo,    Of course, thoro is tho othor nsnump'.1
lilt    -—-■..—,,   w...,s.     uiiu iiiiuni;,       \JT COlirSO   1
wmk to »io oxoriui from tho town whilst tho oonl
f'UJi'Jil.'jl .sitiitviij j.cvl 1!*^
plim«i*, nlthmvli pprbn;
repotilion, Juih rccoixoil an impetus that bodes well
for th* futurV. Racial )mnt national linos, and
differences of belief, all aro fading I away, and in
tholr fctpfid I* ji  f1f»vn1o«mon* *f *t.^t f.-r. ••   .  » • t
ignores nil the barriers that the master elnss havo
heretofore n«cd with such tolling offeet in tho re-
tention of privilege, and in its stend is the ever Increasing army solidified by suffering coming to
realize thnt "In unity thero is strength, and thnt nn
injury to ono is lho concern of all,"
There arc among tint huuulimen of the master
class many individuals who nro living mentally
Wlc three or four decades, and in this stato of mind
attempt to regard thoso under their 'AnprrviRion
a» moro o\o4n inM*ad t,f rnto mentally wide-amlte,
miners, their families and others woro talcing their
usual two months1 vacation to Europe. Howovor,
this would ho wrong.
Until wo know that this is riot merely a typo-
ltr»)itm«) error wo wiil not attribute any hlamo to
those who gathered tho information as wo havo
ovory reason to, hollow that.thoy performed thoir
duty most thoroughly, because tho figures quoted
nro oven less thnn the votes shown at tho last election, imrl further but little more than tha number
erators to .take, the Dr. Gordon's award
as,a* basis of "seUJeinentii. Then,we,
in. Fernie, get some,of the fighting
men' of the U. fM; W.„of A., who as.
good"'as teli"the -'miners'if you'don't
turn this award "down you starve, as
we shall stop'relief.' ' The miners obeyed their masters and turned It down.
What was the result?.,' Silence for" a
couple of months {'.nobody knew what
was going on. Then arrives President
White. What did, he say? He said
that as the" mlner/had asked for the
Investigation' boardTihey ought to accept the award. , fo not that ln direct
:onfllct with what we wore forced to
do a couple of months beforo? Then
wo are told by "Sir*' Edwin Perry and
Co. to turn It down'or starve. Then
comes President White;' who says accept It or starve. ' I think anyone who
has stood tho strike has nearly starved in any case.     (   .
President White arrnngos a Convention at Lethbridge 'with the Executive
Board of District 18,'and each camp
ln tho Pass sends-representatives.
When tho report of that Convention
waB road at Fornlo, the representative
mado a groat point of Presldont Powoll
(who presided at that' Convention).
Ho said President' Powell was com-
plotoly lost. In tlio proceedings' hnd
kept fiBklng "Whoro aro wo?" Tho
reply camo quickly,1 "At Lothbrldgol'"
Thon wo woro told that union load-
orB woro at tlio Convention who woro
working In tlio mlnos affected by tho
strike, and who put a resolution to
tho convention that they bo allowod
tho wages thoy had loot In attending
tho convention. Aro thoso tho class
of londors wanted by a union to carry
n strlko to a successful IsbuoT
Whon you consider tho fow points
I havo put boforo you, and con boo tlio
way tho union is being carried on, enn
you woridor nt mo'refusing to sign tho
check-off? Why didn't tho union bring
this thing forward at tho commencement nnd nsk tlio mombors to sign It?
If they had dono so, I vonturo to predict tho strike would havo boon ovor
and wo would havo boon worklnjr six
months ago. as tho check-off hns boon
tho greatest difficulty in tho negotla-
tlons from beginning to ond, It,hasn't
boon a queutlon of wngos thoy have
boon fighting at Ml, as wo woro told
that whmi  the rcvoont'vn PnmmllfM
havo mot tho operators thoy have
aikou ror a llttlo less ovory tlmo If
tho check-off could bo galnod.
Thoro are lots of othor things I
Airtights,  Coal  Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and
:/y    ,   , -Wood 'Burners/^ :*)>V""'"
; Not hi hg but the Best; in Fresh
Smoked Meats, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc. Etc.,'go] tb^'".': •    ".-'■"'■■'v'":: l-^y^y
" --..■■>      "        -.,-.,'l'.",,-yv-. -'■•'.'.■7'  7       \,i^:-v-' ■■-,■  "
least ."should be- plain-to anyone-who
has-the least common sense, and-Is
not; trying by unscrupulous methods
to create a wrong impression which he"
knows full well, If he.knows anything
at all.,is a wrong one.- •'''.'-" -*;'',
■This person says that-he was" sure
would haye, done as-he has'.--a, I - must"
say that his explanation of "principle"
cannot be.found in any dictionary pub- the English language,1 and:as
a matter-' of- fact *thero-iwere' only 'two
Individuals',, Including himself, tha,t refused to sign the check-off". ..;.• .-..,.'
r' If- a' dollar Is levied on the .hall
fund, this would have been Included
in the amount to,be deducted monthly.
, ■ The. arrangement regarding - the
check-off was "decided upon at a mass
meeting,' whon, this' perverse person
did not havo-the courage of his convictions or ho would then have declared himself, and not as he does now
trying to mako out,tha,t it'was railroaded through ;by the union officials.
With rogard to, tho omission on the
part of tho District Ledger in not saying what Potter was expelled for, I
do not thlnk'a man blind,in ono eyo
and a swollen cataract over the .other
would havo tho [ slightest difficulty in
knowing "tho offence" committed.
Probably tho ■ escort, so graciously
given by tho government, might bo
ablo to explain why It was necessary
to load hlm'gontly homeward bound.
If this individual was actuated by
straightforward motives ho --, would
know perfectly,well that tho union
could not bring forward a check-off
at tho commoncomont of tho,.strlko
arid nsk 'them to sign' It, as thoy, did
not know, themselves aa to Just
what -was to'Iinppon.
Tho fact that ho was receiving'for
months $40 por'month 'compensation;
which, of course, did not permit.'iils
recolvlng rations whilst ho was being
paid, ho cannot know vory much about
• tho "fliifforlng'7 part of It, or ho
would not havo boon foolish enough to
mnko thoso statements.
This Individual has also written mo
claiming thoro nro somo people who
havo boon In rocolpt of rations that
thoy woro not entitled to, but any
statement from ono of his kidnoy iSio
not think ls worthy of consideration.
Ifo talks loud of being a good union
mnn, both In this country and In tho
district from which ho camo—WIyan,
Linens! Iro—but his record la bottor
knuwn than approved.
I thlrk this enough ,for onu of his
st'imp, as lio lina shown liloisolf to bo
so larlt-ng ln what gooa to'mako up
true rot'f.uood that I I'eol that for tho
present • onoush has been snld. hut
should It bo nocossary to glvo further
(fetalis uibout (hU individuals doings
doings can eatlly do so,
Boo, Gladstone Local
..'    7 i -;.- ■-* y vy-y^y ^>^^yv^vii;v'>-:"-'.t-''-y^
• Keal
..,„ %i -■ v.., -.j.Vj,.y-5'- - * *
•i Jr.c-
^»*-.v- Y''! «,,"a'» "-^>ry .'y^SW^^
irfco lrffh the courutfc of thwv ««avi«l!i»nH aihI hy of his r^tmn.
of children refristered at our three nchools. Wonld
therefore strongly urge that the Nelson Neira
should mako the necessary correction, and if the
fault he with the operator rIto htm an opportunity
to "Vleteherise tno lint" ko thoroughly thnt hN
lanfrnatro will not break ithe machine to tho injury
could tell tho publlo but for tho pro-
S*nt I Will Imiva tt  >mf y\r>tn»/i Mrottir'
I wish to contradict two statements
that hnvo been circulated aoout mo
this week:
1st, That the union hns paid mo
sir months' compensation owing to an
accident I had In January, 1911 j
2nd. That they (the union) collected
nt tho mln/>«i ffiM) rrhlrh fm pnf<t fo
me betldfH the nboi'0-i&«flUo&ed compensation,
Whoever set thoso rnmors hot knows
that they are nothing bat falsehoods
frea ij,^ l0«w4 MlLs ^^   ^Vy^g™,	
flo#n not ^y nn7 compeaaatfou and   f».l»f.OMhiipinM,oin.
|n«v«r at any time haw tboy (tha
The Comfort Route East
■Xenilo, to. C, Nov. 10, 1011.
To the Editor, Witrlct Ledger:
Doar Sir,—Wish to call attention
through tho columns of our paper to
tho fact that In nccordnnco with ro-
cognised rules thnt are laid down for
our guidance In such matters no par
(Continued on psjro r»)
Electric Restorer for Mem
•Mrm   thiHm\*,Hnnr
Por tala at'Bliisdsll's Dnif 8ter«
Closo conootlons with tho main line trains. Longsr, higher,'Wider
norths, Individual berth and seat light*-In sleepers and conches,
Vacum cleaned, Eloctrlc,lighted on-Unw^alrfa, tho latest.models
from pilot to tall lights. ,     , '     , , ,      .   „
J. S. THOMPSON, Agent, Fernie
Phone No; 161 <    ;     p. o. Box 305
Ledger Ads Bring Results ^ v.^,"._ > -v .'~Jf.\
■*■ ■■*'--%>::%&$*;
■y n-.!v. '
y'-^xcv'yt '.;-.,
■"": ;■£.-' '•■?:' ",*- -
' .''-<.:«:"-: •'?
-   - -'A •
^•_l!6 "
T^7P|S!ripg^C^^FERHIE, B.^HOinnifiiSis/1911
page; five
"   ", •       yTyy  T—~    7 ""        ' "   ■ "'" "" * 'V'   ,   "~"'       ~      -    " -" ' '   *         ^   i "■ ~<***m+mi,     AdkIM
--.t WhMv ^sb""s^^-—sa—sassi ^asst, ■ '. ,->. J^s^l. ■ ■^ha1.-" ,;7T^--:B;'^«^';,'^^.' '7 (        - A'M   " - ^■'--'-'^^ - •  ^_ :-' "■ •   ' .'-JLl '.-'•''^'•',18^^ • \-t-.■£...\y-- • \\.
'•---*■—- jy
- I"7 ■' y: ■'■''j.   ''.   '■'Itif'i&'-C'"--'*;' V-*""     -.  -
♦.♦ *♦ ♦ ♦;♦.
-delivered' • to... all 7   -
►:;.;, parts of ,lthe\tbwn -a*.
fc'■'.;."•- 7. 7*^> y;>:~yys:yy'-
; Sandcri -., A- ,Yerh*e«t'?, Brothers
t   V
■ r,
■ <
• ■t
■ t
• c
.'■ t-.
1   *!. ,*\ J*,
'< "Vj ■
_- J-
i- »•
*"'«■  J-
;V/i -.J
*. '..nv,\ :,';"*■ yt'.-y-^.-'t' y
Agent",' Fernie ;7 Branch
■ c Pellatt :'Avc.,7, NortV
■•-.     •'-     "•/;, 7^f7'-;''77y*"
^f ¥¥¥¥»¥ ¥ ¥ V V » W» £ ¥ »> ¥ V VV V »
./.,t Bar,'supplied with .the best/.'W'ines,
^7.. '"'".-'" ' .Liquors'.and?Cigars. ','%'"?'f'.
./ v!«
; You're always welcome here
Qleari ;Ro6ms, Best: of
f  Food:ahdi;every
t"\y ..attention.,!.'
THOS. DUNCAN 7 ;Wssburg
r <D ' -fls«»~,.,i'-"i .
.♦..♦*♦■ <■>!<► ■'•?■•♦':♦ ♦ &•'&'&
'-:Tlmreda'y,-'iiUgiit--.last "Mlss-Mag^e'
Carf, returned :,froEd Revelstoke TV?"u«ro
she has henv.Btaying. lor'the* last*; two,
ioiathB,';;, '^''ft 7. '.-■ - -; V ' " y ■;* ■■ !C!
' -Teddy''Malekjng,returned^here-last'"
Monday night .from Calgary Vhere he
has heen working durlng'.the>tr^ce. ,
,,,i)ick Jones, ol Corbln, was'a'yisltor
here laBt week/* All*glad- to-' see him,1-
also the Improvesnentjn hip ^health.
'^We'aVfo''get a/ jo)j In Corbin'
Mines one has Jo "pack a shaving'out-;
fit around with him, "or else, be a Ilrat-l
class chicken coop'bullder.."y Wonder^
if .these" regulations- will ever be em-^
bodied in the:'Coal';Mlnes Regulation;
,■ The t two B.'s of ■ Michel (have'.cer-,,
italnly been-.uniucky.\huntlng -.this.; fall.*
Nothing larger tthan ' Jack" rabbits.'hav-J^thetr guns.' Never .mind'
boys, the next ^agreement'does'; liot
expire till"'I9i5' aiid Vott'will-have lofs
of time to practice";inJlie mean tlmelV*.
' The sawmill attFlnch has'-been-.Bliut
down for, the' winter J' and - on'-'thls.'; ao-'
,'count GeorgeVMlllett'is' once, again,, a
resident'of-this,camp./ ^VS,"'*,. /'.",.*
" Last' Saturday- Miss Flo' Carf. returned to'1* Coleman','', after hayhlg/spTent^a
rvery- pleasant time with her" relations
i^;:y^."-\'t ;.^,;;;v;!'"'
^.We regret"'id- announce',the death
of,-,Mrs..-Gregory/ who' died-.-Tuesdajr.
"night after three days sickness
deceased woman leaves a-family of six
to "mourn.- 'Much', sympathy is1 felt
for. the bereaved,pyes1.ln.'..thelf'hour'of,
trouble.- The" £uner^l. tob*kTplace on*
Thursday. ,-, \ !-'*■••"',.' •-.'777'.; 7^
' Wonder If BennIe,'sHill/(Uncle^Ben,-
nle^has^secufed;a, job.'yet)asr,he has:
been continually' seen for the last-
'month-fin the .vicinity.'of CoM- Companies -Superinten^ent|8 -office.^ This,
'does not-surprise-' us ".'"in , the least.'
There's nothing'*'like,; knowing, your.
men.o, ;, .!■'.'[._;"s '7*;-iv7,7'7^j.'.7'7 *.;,.
^A , free"- dance was j-glven "ln;';Lock-
hart's Hall'on Mondaynlght, but-7bw;
ing to "weather..conditions'- aa-Hne/e{-"<
feet. of'"TPortisr's,^-.^monade,^^ery}?lew.
were in attendance!''7 However,""those
who turned out'-were- amplyv^repald
time. , ' Musical, a first-class nature'
was supplied!_;J-_ -;-".'' -,'■ *•_■■ ;7 fffSZ'';-,"*,
bougai Barrett .haB;7*moved'7 from
Riversldj^Mansions' and" is now .living
i'nlils^oia atoSe at"5*few Mlch'ef." *7."
.'.,'O'n ;Tuesda"y night,rthe ;14thrihst, a'
special* meeting was* called-at'8 p.m.-
to hear'the proposed-agreement arrive
ed ,at b'etw*een tthe;Western .Co'al Operator's'^"^Association" and District*.' Ex-'
ecutlve Board.-' President Powellrand
Sec,"1 A* ;J.-,Carter ,,wero present ".to explain the" various' clauses of the'agreement.'. There .wero'also ln attend-,'
anco \ International, 'Member Wallace
and Carl:" The hall was.packed'and
the meeting was kept going till 3 a.m!
';-.A letter, was -received from Tom-
.Harries," by tho Secretary,, of 'Michel
Local. ' Tomls working on a government Job In Nelson which bo expects
will last till the 8th of next "month,
when he tiopos to,return. ■' ■l,--!   ■
' When the letter was road at the
special meeting on Tuesday night, the
hall rang again arid again with cheers
for him.      . ■;   y ,'
We hopo to see Tom got'tho position
os, International Board .Mb'mbor'as'a
man of his determination and fighting
qualities is certainly lit for suoh a
job; '       "_   - '      '■    ■ • ' :;■.'.;
It Is reported that the vote taken
through tho District Is In favor of going to work. If fjiis bo tho o'aao It
will "lio up ;t'o. tho. Mlchol minors to
elect tholr chockwolBlimon, as tho matter was left ovor until a'sottlomorit'of
tho Hjrlko, This waB not a bad idoa
as tho minors ,will now havo an opportunity of soloctlng mon from
amongst their midst who havo prdvod.
tliomsolvos during tho strlko capablo
bf looking, after, tho affairs of tho
ipot|< i
Frank Onrpontor, whilst on a hunt*
lng trip with Dick Board, had tlio
misfortune to froozo both of his foot,
Latent ropofts nro that ho Is doing
woll nnd Is In no danger of losing olth-
or of thorn,
ousgame country arouiid ;Elko;"liy.",the""
lucky?Bportsmen*.- Joe*WUsbnV.^-TMos.
. Glover;" Wm._ Marsh and; Jas.'Logan. ^
^ITie^B'peciai mass" meeting? o'f-'Glad-
Btone. -Local dre\^ a good"; crowd* from
here 'on., Wednesday'.morning.' * \  ,-
^ "The fourteenth'suppjy ol*provisions,-
etc:,"" we're '' distributed "up^here7,7ttiis
week. "■'-."   -■".'-" "'» ,    * ,-*v -'-'•'-■,-
As;a;result pi the.continiied severity
of .the^eather there have been' quite
a -number'; of '^complaints'' ot frostbite.
One unfortunate .woman{named ,MrB.
Dawjwas'.so-.oyercome' wlthHhe cold
that*, she-'fainted;ori'getting'r'to'".the
st'6re,=. and'-had .to be assistejd toiler
home In.French camp."   7 .'7^,';7-7^
■  Owing to the deep drifts of! snow
along".the north side.tho government
road^has.-j been Impassable, ;and*Vno
teams from Fernie .'have been able-to-
makeUhe-Journey up here: this .week."
■-Mr."!3tewart, General Manager of the
Trltes-TVood" Co., paid a business visit
to^thWcamp on Thursday afternoon.
,-; Jack ■, b'Brlen returned here.' this',
week'after.'haying spent the last few
months In and'aTou'nd.Seattle. '- '-:..,
7-7v.- ;   EXPildsiyEs
-l -."•.. 7- ' V"-7";' ^'4.; ' -
y'V'/e are Jn receipt,'of a report of
Mining Operations . for, the Province
of Quebec,'Issued .by the mining department roX; that' province, and inasmuch as the'several matters contained
therein ,-are'-;of; yltal importance to a>
.jvery T'large';, number *" of - workers
,throughout7this province,,' we repro-
duce;!und'erJ'the heading'*}©! "Handling
of-Explosives!" the,'precautions' to be
teken,'as-suggested;by^Theo. C, Denis,
Superintendent'!of :Mines: ,".'"
•f ,     -ij>; ■     -*.\- \-*   '..   ,'.-,.„.'.' -■ ' ', '"'
TrecautionB to, be^Tafte'n'jni the' Stor-
» Don't open v'package's'5;of explosh'es
■in^magazlne.^^^.^^ ..7 v.7. ', yr
'7'Don't! open-packages bt 7expIosives
with"a nail puileriTpick or ii'hlsel^-j'Use
a' hard-wood! we'dge^ and7 inalleiy", ■
|;)Dpn't- stbfeiexpldslyW ln-.afhot!'or
'dampV'1place:^'^^^A'':iv-^,'!.y';. " ,.-'.:"
■",' Don't .;store7'expioslY€s ' containing
nitfo-glycerlne- so. -that'theVcartrldges
',-''",s.'\ - . "f-i   t      j*   r       ' i'-j" 'u ''«,'    '*      i, 1   '
nt-nn'A    «~.     ^— J   .   «.-   */■'   T>-l I *,.*f'/?..*.       .   r' r".   ..    *■".	
7 pon',i;'.repair'%, magazine "{until .'all'
explosiyes-are.-relnoved^from. It "''•' '.
;|Don't-us'e.(exploslyes7whlch.'are Iro-
zen or; partljfrirdienJ" y."y^-;';;"-!'■"; 7\
,jDon!t ..thaw,explosives:-f'»be!ore- "an<
open fireY .nor, iu^'a'} stove,'? nor over'
at^a'mpV'nor nearVa"boiler,- iaor ^'ear
Jn, a' magazine" for! thawing purposes.-
y ,Doa,'f7 carry'.'detonators- and explo-
Blves'j iii ..the .same package.-.;'' \7 ■:
.,j;Don't "handle, explosives or detonators near on open flame. " " V
V;jDoja't;. expose explosives or, detona-
tbri;-to ^direct unllght for any length
oF'tlme.iV'"'11'"» ■
!,vp'on!tj'*op'en/a1 package of explosives
until, ready,,to'use the explosive, then,
use>,l*7qulokly. / , .',
■Don't, handle, explosives carelessly.
vDon't-'xrlmpVa detonator (blasting
cap); around ,a fuse with tho tooth.
Uso-a cap crlmpor.
'.Do'n't^economize by using a;short
lengthot 'fuso...»
pon't' tamp tho explosive with cool
cuttings or any inflammable material.
Don't uso a metal tamping rod.
Don't uso two kinds of explosives in
tlio samo hole.     ' ' .  , 7.
.Doh't rotiirn to tho loco for at last
ono half.'hour attor a misfire.
Don't loavo any detonators or.ox»v
plpslvo.s In a mlno ovor night.* - Tho
mjne air. contains molsturo ond Is had
for explosives.
Is a soldlor to help you in tlio
tiattlo nt ilte. Wbxti )\jur
buildings aro Insured,
,        ■-        ■,, '. ■    ., „ *.
;' You Fee!
V    Free
' K , ' '    '* .
You know that wood and stono
insy bo destroyed; but a policy
!n our compsny fs Indeslnirt-
. iblo.  Whllo.ths house Is burn-,
ln& tho policy rhnnc«>« Into
Imurance.   Real Estate
% '     COAL CREBK  DV 174       ♦
Our Letter Box
(Cdntlnuod from page 4)
. Born at Coal Crook on Monday, Nov,
12th, to Mr and Mrs Josoph Boardman,
a -fine daughter. Both mother and
child doing woll.   ' >
Mr. 10. H, Baldorson took a run down
to Lothbrldge last wook end, and returned on TuoBday accompanied by
Mrs, Baldorsdn-and tholr two sons,
' District tiodrd Member J. E. Smith
returned from Frank on Monday, but
was confined to tlio hoiiso all day
Tuesday as tho result of a severe attack of la grlppo, ,,
Venison lias boon vory plentiful up
horo during the p«»t week, no loss
than elcht carcaaca ot dcor being
brought up on Tuesday morning,
They weio bi-ouKiit lu from ihu fam-
tlculnr Individual should ho singled
out for commondntlon, Every candidate for offlco must ho considered
worthy, by'his follow workers or, his
name would not bo placed on nomination, , That ono of tlio candidates
may havo boon tho victim of circumstances doos not lesson In tho least tho
wdi'thlnoss ot nnotlior, nnd fool Hiiro
thnt my follow workers will agree
that It Is a poor policy to agitato or-
poclally for ond candidate becauso of
circumstances, which aro incidental
when doing so—although I am'willing to admit It Is not Intentional—lm-
l>in>» ,»> criuciBiii ot tno ouier canui-
CuUu. lu loiic.tiiilon, muM hIuIv Llui
tho men soloctod aro all capablo and
trust tho seal of soma of our brothers
on bohnlf of ono particular candidate
will ho limited to Its proper place and
Yours truly,
M. B.
Dr. de Van's Female Pills
A f«ll»bl« Fr«n«h nritilofjiuvtr Ulli. TIilm
plllt art exce«ilng]y powerful tn rtfuUilnir itit
f ttt,tillv* portion nl ib* UmtU *yt»«iM. U«k«*
•il th«*p »mlUHon». 10»r. <f • T»*'i ir* old it
»S » hiiT, nr fimif far tin. If ilrmf tn unv H'M.-iK'
Th* SiwtMll nntf Co., St, mtttMIAtt, Ont.
Por 8ils at bfoasifsll's brut Store.
Canmoro, Alta., Nov. H, 1011
TO tho Editor District Ledgor:
Deaf 8lr,—At tho r«fi»h»r mwitlng
of our Local No, «87,:,tho mombers
psssod a resolution an fnUown:
"That" wo expel   the   following
mombors'from tho U. M. W. of A. for
scabbing fn tho local mlnos: .
MIKB VUF6nO, TUll.n.
Yours otc
' '      Sccrolary.
—The Gooo>Roads "Convention held In
this city, last week was the most important-step ever taken in connection
with" the Good Itoads-movement in
Canada.j ;Before the Convention.adjourned the Canadian Highway.-Association had been formed.ltsr object; being- to secure the building of a-first-
class road from1, Halifax, N, S„ to Al7
hernl, B. C, and-also to assist in°the
extension of the Pacific Highway,
which now runs from Tia Juana, Mexico;-to Vancouver, B. C, the plan being* to. eventually make Dawson" the
northern terminus" of this road.
uV Over' a -hundred delegates from all
parts bfJCahada" and "American- Pacl--
flc coast we're, In attendance, Including
some of the most prominent advocates
of good roads on this continent.   .
Hon. Thomas Taylor, minister-ef,
public' works for British Columbia, in-
the,; course of a, speech replete with
facts "and figures .bearing on road-improvement arid-extension,- made :the"
important announcement that Federal
assistance towards the'tionstructldn of
main* roads in; British Columb'ia was
assured. 7 On behalfof the provincial
government Y he promised a vigorous
pursuance' of the Better Roads policy
with which his name had been associated.', y'/y '■/;-; \;y    .'. *-', *■
-The, following we're elected officers
of' the!'Canadian- Highway Association
Hon. President,'Hon.!Thomas Taylor';"
President", -.W; • J.^ Kerr, Westminster; -
Vice-Presidents for the B. C. coast "district,"'A.'' J.-McCandless, Vancouver
Board of Trade; T. S. Baxter, Vancou--
,ver Auto Ciubj'.-A/'E. ."White, West-
mlnster-Boarjd-^ofjTrade;- T. J. Arm-'
strong,rWestminster Auto Club. Reeve
F. Bowser!' PoInt.Grey.; L. E. Marmdnt
Coquitlam ;;:A!-"E.7Todd, -Victoria-Auto
Club;' Reeve." Nicholson, SaanlchrDr.'
Elliott;; Rpwe*';. Vancouver. Vice-pre^
sldents will'ie-appointed by all public
bodies -which .affiliate''with the- Cana^
dlan'.Highway'Association.*. Treasurer
T.' S.' .Baxter;'.-Vancouver; Secretary',
P.-;!WoLuce^Westinlnster. , * ^ : ■
"'; Membership*' dues -were fixed at" two
dollars * per *>imnum,"-' provision being
dollar^'per-'memher7'for .' autqmo'bile
clubs,'/h'oaTds"pf trade'and'like bodies
po" ■ asso(.iatiori"y.beiug' called; upd/V/.to
pt'y nfore'"thanf$506'in''dues iii' anyone'
ynar.l?8Jr'"' V%'';7 '"' '" "'        ;
,- Resulut ions/calling ,for .support'to-
wardsthelbiinding of a Canadian High
way werej'"fcrwarded'to Halifax. N. S„
AlberhC^B. C.",'.' Ha.zelton, B.C., and
.'iawson^ukdriyTerritory.' Othor r*.
solutions colling for federal asslstnuco
'wero^'sent-to'Ottawa, while similar ie-
solutlotis'-. praying for provincial ;m'n-
tdhce. werpjitelegraphod to Victoria.
A request'- that the," provincial go
vernment'set a-standnrd of .road building In British- Columbia, ,and that no
grants be. paid for work falling bolow
this//standard, mot with unanimous
support,- Another important resolution was,to the effect that the provincial government should employ
road build}ng experts and- engineers,
these to be'at tho disposal of'municipalities and-districts having no resident engineers. A course of leci-aros
on good roads Is suggested in another
. Mrs.' A."E. Todd, of Victoria,' was
cWtcd honorary mombor of the Canadian Highway Association, AT tch ol
tho credit for.tho success of tho forms tlbnrcf.thr. Canadian Highway Association irt duo to A. B. Todd, ol Vi(..
tdr)o;;,'and'';w. L.. Kerr, of Westminster, who was rcwardod.for lib enor-
gotio work^by bolng given tho first
prosldonoy of this ambitious organization,
(Ed.—The above Itepi will he of
groat Interest to owners of motor cars
llkewlso to thoBo who aro tho actual
bulldors, tho, engineer, tho road boss,
but especially «o to lho mon that do
tho scraper work, dig tho ditches,
blast tho stumps and usually carry
tholr "trunks" on tholr haolcs, Ah
tho last mentioned trumps along tho
woll ballnstod road wllh aching foot
In search of nnotlior Job doubtlosH the
thought mny filter tlirough his bruin
whon tho dust from on nutomobllo
Klldlng swiftly Ioiivoh Its mark upon
hlrni "How Impolite thoso pooplo nro
not to thank mo for my offorts to
mnko tholr riding ploasantl*' And ho
may (hut not vory likely) oven nllow
tho rebellious sontlmont to grip him
Why should I and my claim build tho
road and then havo to walk?     Tlio
BUggo8,tlon thnt tho government
flfiouiu net a standard Is somowhat
tii'vMihiUoiiUi), Ia-vUiais If carried in
to effect would probably mllltato ag-
nlrmt Individuals who«« knowlodgo of
highway ranstructlon Is ns Bmall as
their ability to do polltlcnl machine
tiutii «i u'.\A.t'uii UliiO v» iolKtt,     )t is
to ho hoped that tho Prov||nclol Go-
vornmont will hosltnto boforo taking
such drastic measures as suggested,
otherwise how could tho "Good Government" bo retnlnod In office? Such
a calamity mimt ho avoWrtfi oven
though automoblllsts might surfer
ullRht ljHV»nv«nl/>nrow, For who should
kick am! roar about getting his qulot.
ui. In a ditch whon complaining be
might (figuratively, of courso) pul
his political party Into tho slough of
despond by such Inrontlderftt* grTim-
hllnitsl Tho«« who hav« rlon« th*
necessary work of construction nnd
nfitl allow thomsclvos* lo he1 humbug*
OVER $25
$49 i?
from I69 to I78 for it,
You Can Buy "DOMINION PRIDE" RANGE At Factory Price
-Direct From The Largest Malleable Range Works In Canada
-  v    .
satisfactory kitchen range made, write
"   ' from $41 to $49.
. -, ^ . through a dealer, you would have to pay
You would be paying two extra proGts—lo Wholesaler'and retailer—which -would add
J25 to" t jo to the cost of your range, but absolutely nothing to
fits value.       -    , c , -    , -
i..(«5*;'il,JeA.<iSftll",:. *a!uch leM than 0,her "■««• In »i elm, ihe
"UOMINIOM PHWH" is much more Mtlifactoty.   It is maide of touch,
itrong, ro«:ie«b!c ina «nd the bett blue polubed •tool—materials which wUl
- not warp, crock or break. ,_•■■,
. .      The polished'steel <|oes not need blacking:—simply rub It over-with •
clolh.   With its cold rolled ateel plate oren—sectional iron fire-box llnlnr,   »
3ri,,i,,..rlr»^h,ali","rtra?<1 double-walled flues lined with  asbesto«-the -
DOVUMON PI«II>R' is the most economical ranee you can buy. Actual
tests have proved that It saves over 30*^of fuel, buruing either wood
or coal. ' ,
"The Evolatloa of
.  the Cwk Stove"
T 51,1.8    about
cooking: from
the time the
■ Cave Dwellers
. droppedhotitones
into the pot to boil
, it.   It also tells all
about  "Dominion
Pride"   Ranges.
Whether you netd
.a Racge just now
or  nojLyou   will,-
enjoy'reading this
- book.-
Wrile lor Free Copy.*''
A VDOM1NION PRIDE'' RanBe, with high closet shelf and elevated
tank or,flush reservoir, with zinc sheet to go under rauge, 8 section*
blue polished steel pipe and two elbows, will be delhered to any station in
Ontario, Quebec or the Maritime Provinces for fo, or to nny station in
the four.-Weitf rn Provinces for U9-tS to be sent with order and balance to "
be paid when the Kaiifre is delivered at your station.- If eat convsntent to
, pay cash we will arrange to accept your note.
Canada Malleable & Steel Range Mfg. Co., Limited, Oshawa, Ont.
'   l    .'      ■   Wh«n writing it will be a distinct favor to us if you will mention, this paper. ■ "   7 the "dignity of labor," ant-e-elcc-
itl'on,protestations; vote for the con-
jicuanee of such" a, regime should be
compelled to. memorize that beauWul
old''.ballad of. the. Cariboo, Trail, en-
iitted—vWalk,-' "sucker, walk!'
"Would suggest, that some of those who
are cartooned., quite frequently as
""\\"eaiy Willle,-or '/Tired Tim," should
be lnv*lted to'deliver lectures on'what
constitutes-_a :„gbod. road under the'
headline 1. of "A.vtramp on the turn- a, tramp, or'pointers on pedal
peregrination by ,1 a , pilgrim of poverty.'!) A 7 ;, ....  ,  '.
At the'1 laBt". general "meeting of tie
membersro'f .the North of England Ins'
stitute' of-Mining ..and Mechanical Engineers, the" principal paper submitted
was.that of Mr..George J."Ralph, entitled: 7The'7Holmes-Ralph Gas-Detecting Portable Electric Lamp." .
He said the.'point had been raised
wflother?-'sImllar.- apparatus could, be
adopted to portableeleotrlc lamps, but
since then;the energy used to operate
the device had* been reduced from 150'
watts on a:240 volt circuit to about
half a watt. ■• ,In all the typos of such
lamps the Qporatlng principle was the
catalytic property;,of platinum, which
substance, as was'woll-known, Increased in tom'porature in tho presence of
hydrogen or hydrocarbon gas or vapour. . .Doubt was frequently expressed as to whothor heated platinum retaining this' property for any length
qt tlmo, and although thoro probably
was a ouango going on In Its nature,
at all ovorits 'superficially, It appoorod
to bo a comparatively slow ono, ■ In
this connection It was Interesting that
the'platinum'In a Holmos-Aldoroon
detector showed no dlmunltlon of
catalytlo action aftor current had been
on continuously for six• weeks; It was
tested ovory two or throo days In n
Clowes chamber; and operated with as
llttlo as 1 per cont at tho ond of tho
six wooks. Further, in all the typos
tho platinum was'so arranged that It
could bo readily removed, and a now
ploco inserted, oven by an nnsldllod
workman. Although platinum cost, at
tho proBont tlmo, about twice ae mutr-
ns gold, tho prlco wns not a 01*1 Idmi
Item", thoro being only motnl to, tho
valuo of Id, In onch of tlio two smaller forms of lamp. Oso form of-tho
apparatus wns ndnptad to minors' oloc-
trio JnmpB. It could bo rondlly sot
for various percentages, from VM por
cont upwards, and was bo construct-
oil, Hint whon brought Into action by
the. presence 'of gas,"' the light' was
either extinguished altogether or mere
ly dimmed. . The dimming of ' the"
light, seemed to the author to. be .preferable to complete extinction, for the
reason that it would afford a glimmer
to enable the user to 7find his way
about, but would .at the same time render it impracticable for him to continue his work effectively,-;-,r In-order
to "restore the normal-light',, the. lanip
must1* be unlocked and"" a new fuse
inserted, 'which, of course, could only,
be done -at a relighting station. It
had been stated that the absence.of
had.been one of the chief
retarding the adoption" of »electric
lamps for'mining work; "and it was
hoped that the apparatus described
might go a step forward-toward the
ultimate replacement of- the' so-called
"safety" oil lamp by one, lit by electricity.—Science and'Art .of Mining.      ,,
■ ATLANTA, Qa., 1N9V. 13.—With an
attendance of about-.flve'llunired do-
legates tho 31st annual convention, of
tho American Federation of,Labor opened this morning at Convention Hull.
Representing tho labor:men of Groat
Britain ns fraternal deiogatOB wero
Messrs. G II Roberts, M.P,, and James
Grlnier, -tho, latter a member of the
RrltlBh Labor Parliament ray Commit-
too, William Glockling, Toronto, represented Canada as fraternal delegate..
Tlio address of tho presldont, Mr.
Samuol Gompers, dealt nt length with
tno movement during tho past year,
strongly criticizing lho troalmonj, that
had boon handed out to J. J, MeNamara, socretary of tho Structural
Workors. Mr. Qompors declared
that ho was convlncod that MeNamara
was Intiocont of tho charges laid ag-
alnst him and that organized labor
would go to tho limit In his defence.
Tho roport of- the Bocrotary of tlio
Federation, Frank Morrison, showed
that tho receipts of tlio Federation for
1911 had boon $182,108.08 and tho expenditures $175,52-1.08. Tho bnlnnco
on hand on September 30, 1011, was
$180,87C.C0, During tlio twolvo months
320 charters to national and Interna,
tlonal, central nnd local trado nnd foil-
enil unions havo boon Issuod, During
tlio yonr tlioro woro l.ano strikes lu
which 170,520 working pooplo woro Jn
volve'd.-"" The total cost of which was,-
$4,709,550.69 which with $173,302.06 donated by local.unions to other unions
makes the grand total of $4,332,852.75
expended to "support strikes. ■ -
*' 'The membership' of the federation, -
Is 1,994,623 against, 1,800,000. in 1910.
There are ri'ow 06 labels and 10 cards
issued • by   the organizations which
have been endorsed by the'federation. ,-'
•The expense' ot getting' out the Am-
erlca^Federationist, the monthly offlr '
cial organ,of, the, A. F. and L! was :
$20,913.56, the receipts for this source -
wero.bnly $18,213.96.   7   '       ■.'--."  - ^
sources for the'"defence of the,Mc-7
Namara's up to-date is $200,000, which'
came from all parts of America."'".
Cigar Store
...   Wholosalo, and Retail
- , .'
Barber Shop
,   Baths      *
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coflee and Sandwich
Hazclwood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phono 34
, • .'       * ii •      '■ 't
ii   - ■
Gity Lots, $400 and $450
Payments   Easy
■* ■ ,
,1 For full particulars apply to
j Union Land Go., Natal, B.C.
"    ! r.£i
|55i .
I ttu i*
■v'l .-
* If- -
, 5
Is: a
?',*"  '
I'i!? 7
If it'   -
, First Class Candidates
Tuesday, October'3rd, 1911.  , Time;'
9 a.m. to 12.J0 p.m. 70, per- cent
• required. '•*" . *    -
1. "What are the duties of the manager as provided in the Act? 5
*v 2.-   The following interpretations ap-
- pear in the Act: "Mine, colliery, shaft,
slope or incline, tunnel or levelsvorK-
ing face, opening, bank, "plan, ton" of
coal gotten, Minister of Mines.chief
, -inspector, inspector, medical practitioner, woman or girl,' Chinaman and
Chinese, owner, agent manager overman, mine foreman or shiftboss, shot-
lighter, certified official, coal miner,
competent " person, interpret these
terms or meaning of the Act. 10
3. What are tho provisions of the
Act as regards to arbitration?      10
•1. What does the Act stipulate a9
to payment of wages also payment i»y
weight and power of exemption from
last section? ,   10
"■"..What aro the requirements of the
Act as to the various plans of [he
mine? 10
6.'. What are the requirements of
the Act as to lamp and lights, and
0 the testing of safety lamps? 10
' 7" What returns and notices are required by the Act? , 10
8. What are the provisions of the1
Act as to Rescue Work? . 10
9. What are the requirements of
General Rules 11 and 12? 10
10. What are the., requirements of
*    the  Act   and   General   Rules   as   to'
Ventilation ? -     " io
'   7'     '    VENTILATION ■     " '
• Wednesday, October,4, 1911.     Time,
"    9 a.m. to 12.30 p.m.     70 per cent
■ required.
1. What principles  should  be  ob-
- ; served in the construction .of a mine
fan,.so as to obtain the maximum of
efficiency in working? 10
2. A mine has three airways 6 ft.
by 6ft, 6 ft by, 7ft., and 6 ft. by 8 ft.
respectively, what would be their relative lengths, in order to pass equal
quantities, all of "them being subject
to the same ventilating pressure?   15
3. What measures would you take
to secure, the best possible results
from a fan,'the capacity of which is
' limited and the demands upon which
are close to its capacity?.      ,      15
4. A'current of 60,000 cubic feet,of
■ air per minute, is circulated in a certain' mine, in  5 splits as follows:   *
Jll BnHf_!_M«_il1 i o nnr\   -    j
Split'1 No. 2....." 10,000 c. f.
Split   No.   3....- 12,000 c. f.
Splltu No.   4 ......14,000 c. f.
Split  No.   5 ' 16,000 c. f.
Calculate the area for each split in
order that the air may travel at a uniform .velocity of 5 feet per second in
all the1 splits  ' 15
G. What is tho relation between
tho quantity of, air required In" a fiery
mine and (a) the number of "men employed (b) .the out put of coal, (c) the
quantity of gas given off? Would you
consjder .it necessary to' increase the
quantity of air in a mine if it,wns
, worked double shift, and putting out
double tho quantity of coal, than if
working ono shift only? 15
C. ■ Wlmt Is tho uso of a regulator in
ft mine? What effect havo' regulators
on the general ventilation of a "mine,
may they become a source of danger?
r Can a mine bo ventilated without the
uso of a ventilator? io
7. If 27 horso power produces 45,-
000 cubic feet of'air por minute In a
certain mlno, what quantity wl 1 bo
produced If tlio power is Increased to
315,037 horso powor? "]fi
8. Doscrlbo the various moans used
■ for conducting and regulating tho nlr
current In a mlno,, '     io
9, What Is mennt by' tho term
"ventilating pressure" 'water gaugo,"
nnd "reslstnnpo of air"? Doflno tlio
torm co-efflclcnl of friction, 10
10. Ventilate tho accompanying
plan using co'nvonllonal bIkiih.       20
fhxto Months in Hospital And Onme
Ont Uncurod
Zam.fcuk Cored Him In Tew Weoks.
Mr. Prod Mason, tho welMmown up.
"holstoror ond niattrcss irianufpeturor
of St. Androws, N.B., says:—
"I had memu on my knee, whloh
oaimod mo tcrrlblo pain and Inconvenience. Tho uoro parts would Itch
ond burn and tlnglo, and thon when
rubbed or scratched, would liocorno
vory painful, When tho Imec got warm,
It burned worse, mid the ltd lug and
uurnlint and smurtliiK wore almost urn-
bearable. 1 tiled various remedies,
but got no hotter, so I 'iJpcIiM to go
to Montreal nnd tAkoeiie«lnl treatment
T rnrnlvml trr"\t»T.»it "t M" 'j.i- ,i
Genornl Hospital for tlilrrwm' weeks',
but i»t iti*) una1 of Unit tirno l wns not
cured, nnd almost gave In. A friend
., ndvlsod mo to glvo Zain-Hulc » trial.
" Almost as soon ar applied Znm-Tliik
stopped tho Itching and tho Irritation,
I persevered with tho balm, and It was
Kuuti w'f'iiciti lu&i n would do me good.
Each day tho pain was reduced, tho
soro spots began to lioal, and by tho
tlmo I had used a fow boxes of Zara-
Uuk I was qulto cured.
"fllnco then Zam-Duk   has   cured
Wood-poison In my finger, and at a
tlmo whon my finger was In such a
tarrlblu   condition   that 1 feared  It
. would have io bo amputated."
Por emema, blood-poisoning, plies,
nlcors, sores, abacossos, varicose ulcers,
bad les-, cold sows, chapped hands,
cats, burns, bruises And all skin Injuring and diseases, Zam-Duk Is without equal.'
S0& box all druggists and store* or
post free from Zam-Buk Co.. Toronto,
tor pries. Hetuse Imitation*,
Wednesday; October-4th, 1911. Time,
, 2 to 5.30 pin..t 50 per cent required
■ li .Describe with sketches the different systems of working coal mines
with which you are acquainted; give
a fairly detailed section of. the seam
showing,,roof and floor for several
Jeet."'  ' .' ■ -' -.,, **-'15
\ 2.; Show ,by sketches a pit;bottom
arrangement capable of handling 1000
tons per shift.' •       ' ■ • '•. y 10
3. What size shaft pillar would you
leave around a'shaft S00 feet in-"depth?
Coal 10 feet thick, shale icof and floor,
and what size barrier pillar, would you
leave If approaching 'an abandoned
mine full of water having a head of
300 feet.        •    *   . '"' io
- 4. Describe the various methods of
haulage, stating fully the, advantages
and disadvantages of each system.   10
5. * A gravity plane has an inclination of 9 degrees.^and is 2000 feet long,
the rope weighs 4500 lbs and a loaded
car weighs 25001bs., ilie empty weighs
1200 lbs., what number of cars'must
be In the trip to start it? 15
6- A coal seam 6 ft. 6 Inches -iii
tnickness including 1 foot 6 inches'of
dirt band has' been worked into pillars
with rooms 14, feet wide "and 15 per
cent of coal taken out In first working,
300 feet' above is a seam of coal lying
drowned out, and intervening between
these two seams are some beds of soft
shale and fire clay, show how you
would extract the'pillars without bring
ing the water down from the j top
seam.    '.    . , ^15
7. How would you avoid the dangers arising from coal a dry
and dusty mine; state .what you would
consider an effective and practical sys-
tem of watering such a mine. 10
8. 25 loaded cars weight 4600 lbs.
each, the length of the engine plane is
6000 feet, the weight of the rope per
foot is 1.2 lbs., the grade if theincline
is 5 percent and the velocity of the
train is 13 miles per hour. What "is
the tension on the rope and the required horse power of the engine?   20
!.9. Show by sketches the various
methods of timbering levels and working places..' What relation should the
uiameter.ofthe prop bear to the height
of the working place? . ,15
10. Mention- the several explosives
used in coal mines, describe their properties and explain the dangers attend
ing the use of each.     .>  '   .     '• •   ]0
Thursday,' October 5th, 1911"..   Time,
p to 5.30 p.m.    50 per cent required.
1'' Name and describe the various
instruments used in mine" surveying.
In addition to instruments of precision
name and describe simple instruments
suitable to approximate surveying and
levelling in a^ mine,,, • 15
-2." What Is the magnetic meridian?
How is it'found? What is the present declination in your mining district? What, is properly meant by
the variation of tho magnetic needle?
7     '        ■    ' 10
3. Mention the possible sources of
error which might accrue to underground surveying and lovolllng; How
would you make' permanent stations
and-bonch marks-ln a long wall mine?
'. - '        *     ;    io
4., A mine roadway runs North 175
feet, thence West 850 feet, thence
North 420 feet; thence West 415 feet,
thence North 30 feot, thenco East 130
foot to lho face, What Is" the course
and distance from start to face? ^Answer by computation only. ' 15
li. Tho courso of n gnngway ls S.
42 dog,, 13; the rooms aro driven EnHtf
tho total width of room and pillar is
70 feot, find I ho distonco on tho gangway from contro of rooms. 15
0. Prom tho following level notos
plot a profile to a scalo ot 100 foot, to
rfno Inch horizontal, and 10 feot to ouo
Inclie vortical:
•I '
n   .
• Tho stations nro 100 fool apart, Find
iUho the gradient from station 0 to
station (I; ,. t   «0
7, Plot the following nurvoy to a
Hoitlo of ono chain to ono Inch. CIoho
thft remaining rourso find dlstnnco nnd
tako out tlio aroa:
Norlli 350 links.
North 70, Kant, 4r,0 Hii]<h.
South 4li, """"tout 875 links.
South r.0, Wost 500 links. 20
8. What nro tho several uses of nn
nccunito mine plan, nnd what aro tho
(Iuiikoi'h and coiiBoquoiit, )<>Htilts arising from not having nn accnralo nnd
complpto plan of tho mlno? io
.. MlNTNO ACT ANH nvI.V.Ft ....
Second Class Candidates
Tuesday, October 3rd, 1911, Tlmo/9
ft.m. to 12.30 p.m. 70 por cont required.
1       U" -I    1 -        ii  .   n    .,,,1,.,.      ,.    ,
Act say regarding underground workings of ia mlno? • k
2, What suppllos nro notoasnry to
bo on hand nt tho mlno for tho safe
nnd economical operation of tho samo,
nnd what doos tlio Act roquliro In *ltl»
rospoct? jo
S, What nro tho rnnuIrwnonfR of
tho General "Rules In shafts, nnd about
machinery used for tho raising and
lowering of persons? io
4, What arc tho requirements of
tho General Rule* as to the Examination and testing of Bafoty lumps?  1ft
5, Who mny "bo employed to oper-
nek sight
Foro sight
10.20   »
0.50    '
I « i i
ate any engine, windlass, gin, or other
machinery: used for conveying persons"
in--any-mlne, and what qualifications
are necessary?,1'-:-"'"'*■.y." ' ^.,. -*,.,<i(),
* " f>.i "What ddjthe ..General Rules;re"*'
quire as to, ventilation?.-.., •;-'• /"'•"; 10
- ?• '* "What are" the" - requirements' 'of-
GeneralrRule 11 and",12'a's to the,use
of.,explosives and.blasting?   ,l7:..i5*
■..8. What "are the provisions "of the'
Act asto'the Eight Hour Law?;-^>10*
i9   What inspections are required>by
General Rule "36 and iwho .is the'coin-,
petent person referred' to? „.'-„••• ,'l6;
10.   What are the'provisions of"-the
Act as to Rescue'Work? -    \ - .      10'
,' MINBGAS.ES\ \C .,.*'".'
Tuesday, October 3rd, loil.-"' .Time)
'   2 to 5.30 p.m.    70 per cent required:
1. Name and describe the various
gases met with in coal mines,"giving
symbols, specific gravities, .where
found and under .what conditions, may
they become dangerous?    .   -,    -i-jso
2. In a mine* giving off -imflamm-
able gas what portion of-the mine is
most likely to be affected by't.a sudt-.
den fall in,the barometer, and what
are' the dangers to ■ be ' apprehended",
therefrom? •" '.'*'* .77.-''io
& , If 30,000 cubic feet of "air'and gas
at its'most explosive" point is circulating through a mine, how "much*" air
must be added, to render it non-explosive? /     ' '        7 js
- 4. In 'pillar drawing In ;a gaseous
mine what; general system of ventila-'
tion would you adopt ,to**'keep..'jhe
working faces clear?       ''*'    "7'*. 10
■5. Explain Graham's Law of Diffusion, giving an example.   ;,       - i2
6. Ih measuring the return air of
a "mine you., find an Increase of say
3,500 cubic feet more'the Intake, to what cause or causes. may
this be due?      : ' 7.     '      '   ""   '10
7. How, would you overcome the'
dangers which arise from the presence of coal dust in a coal mine; which
is giving off inflammable gas?' -What
percentage of gas "in the, general atmosphere of the mine, would you con-,
slder dangerous, and,how would you
determine the presence of this' percentage? -  '"■      \   ■.•"    -,      ';. -'-12
8. Explain the principle of'the'safe^
ty.Uamp., ' Describe one representative safety lamp, with Which- you are
familiar, making a sketch of same. (15
.,9..   How would you enter a mine
after an explosion and' conduct rescue
work? ■• What-are the'dangers to ,be
come them?     ,    ' ,7"'-*-    <•■„.'   io
>10. '   How many cubic 'feet, of. air
will be necessary to render harmless'
one'cubic foot of marsh gas?       -, 10-
Wednesday, October, 4th, 1911. Time,
9 a.m.,„to 32.30 p.m.   , 70 per cent required. -. ',*•.''"'
1., Describe the general principles
which shall be observed in the ventilation of a coal mine.-     '' io
2.   The total rubbing surface of a
square airway Is-175,000 square "feet,
and the length of, the'airway is 6500
feet, tho-quantity of air passing Is 80,-
00 cubic feet per .minute.  ' What "is
the velocity of the air current In feet
per .minute       '               '              15
'3.   Give sketch of what you consider
would be best to use in its construction?                              '                12
4.   Explain   the   terms "pressure"
and "powor" ns applied to Mlno Von-,
tllatlon.                     _                     10
G.   Find the quantity of nlr pnsslng
por mlnuto through an airway i2 ft.v
9 Inches by 5 ft, 0 Indies, velocity
550 foot por mlnuto.     If'the water
gauge Is 1.0 Inches-what is the horse
powor?                   v ,; 15
0. Describe tho various methods of
Incronslng tho ventilation,' without In-
creasing tho powor.    „      . .'        10
7. Name and "doscrlbo tlio Instruments used to dotermlno tho condition ot tho mine atmosphere, both In-
tnko and return; tho quantity of tho
vontllatlon, and tho prossuro duo to ro-
filstanco. 12
8„ Two' nlrwnyB,' ono circular nnd
tlio other squnro, oneh havo ah nroa
of 81 nq. foot.; tho length of onch
Is 250 foot, what la tho dlfforonco ln
tho rubbing surfaces of tho two air-
ways? jB
fl. Doos tho cliango of tomporaturo
affect tho ventilation of n mlno, and If
ho liow? . g
10. Vontllato tlio plan given, using
tho conventional signs, 20
Wodncwlay, Oclolinr 4th, 1011.    Time,
2 to 5,30 p.m.    fiO per cent roqulrod.
1. Doscrlbo villi sl{«tclios tho long
ivall nnd pillar and stall systems of
working a coalfield, and tho conditions
tmdor which you would Install each
system jp
75 -R.P.M./ mean 'effective "pressure 70
as;7'^y:7' V-' r «*-::V,«'
' 6., Whafis"the'-principle'o|tthe;'si-,
phori anij";;hpw tWouldTyo'u start-the
f low;in""aYslphon. ?7 k y 7 7''1"** cTV-," s10
- -77r*In"-buUdlng! a series of stoppings
to seal*off-aBiine;fire'at .what part,of
the' affected^area.Vould you commence
to place 'the--stoppings, ■ and; where
would"you finally seal off the*air?" 12
8.^ After'an-explosion of firedamp
in a.-,imlne, how would', you-organize
the1 rescue corps, and how would^you
proceed/tb. explore the mine,' .with,a
view of saving'life and property? \ 15
7f9.'.'"Show by sketch-how, you "would
drive"and Umber'a heading through
running-ground. -..- ,' 7 7 .'7.15
'.' 10.--The'bea'ringofVmain entry is
33 deg.-West; what is the bearing of
a cross entry- turned from it to' the
right,.at an angle of 90 degrees?     10
.Third   Class  Candidates       ■''
Tuesday/Octolier "3rd, 1911.,,/ Time,
'■ 9 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. ' 65 per cent required.   . - y-; '.'
"l.c Explain the following-interpretation terms: Working /'.Face-C'/Mine.
Foreman," Shift Boss; Certifled'.'.Offi-
cial, Coal Mirier, and CompeteriV Person, y ■ .'    '■•-•■ "*V/io
7-2. t What are the provisions of the
■Act"."as- to Jlie ■ time persons may be
employed underground? State fully
all.exemptions. / ]i      10
^3.. -What are the provisions of the
Act as to the' time persons may be
employed underground? State fully
all exemptions.  . 10
, 3. What are - the .requirements of
GOneral Rule"'11 as to": the explosives
and blasting?',-. V-/-' 10
>■ ."-*(_>'       - ■    ■ .
'4; "You'have.'made your examina-'
tlori.aridvreport, .and'the miners are
about to' enterHhe'mine. , You' are'
notified that during .or since your, examination; that'the fan has been,stop-"
ped for -half an' hour. What are your
duties under;the circumstances? 10
>-5. .What' are* the requirements ,of
the act as to general Rule 12 as to the
use "of explosives? X    10
' 6. What/do ..the General Rules require tas; t'b'jvenUlatiori' and- which' it
is the duty ;of the, firemen' to attend'
- ? . ir-. -' :'"" -Vi   j * ""'•,. .10
. 7., In,-your examination you firidit
necessary to work a working .place
with'safety'^lainps. What are' the pre-1
cautions required by the act-in-Hnis
case?   . V,'  -"' ,   -v ■ 10
. 8. How would you proceed tojpake
an examination of your district/'make'
out a report^ofihe same, naming some;
defect,found?-. ;,   '. ,."  "io
the Act as to' fencing" and brat'ticing?
:'/,/  y-'.r';-    ■    - ;    10
-.' 107;(JWhat' instruments are to be.prbi
vlded at,andin a mine in which-dangerous gas has;been found?     ,,.,-,10
Tuesday, October' 3rd, 1911.    Time, 2
, to 5.30 p.m.  ' 50, per cent required
and not less than 65-percent on the
whole.       .,      ,' .Ny"    '"•     .>  ■ "*. ■
1. Name and describe the various
gases found in . coal mines, where,
found and how detected.   , 20
2. Is there more liability of having
dangerous accumulations of explosive gas in high or .thick'* seams, than
in low and thin seams? Give reasons, .   ' 10
3. Give list of apparatus and material contained ln a proper ambulance
box, necessary to render first aid to
injuries usually received lri a conl
mlno.' .y 10
4. With tho bnromotor unusually
low and the wator gauge .unusually
high, hovf would you proceed to mnko
an examination of the mine?      .    10
5.,. How should a safety lamp bo
treated, when found'to bo full of flnmo
while Ih nn oxploslvo mlxturo?       10
C. Sketch a compound Bot of.timbers for a level, whon tho pressure
on tho*- roof and sides aro equal, show
notch which admit of tlio least amount
of splitting,. ,10
7,. 'How would you, ns n flromnn
proceed to mnko an examination of.
tlio mlno, assuming that you found n
largo body of flro damp, how would
you procood to romovo It, What pro-
cautions would you tako to prevent, nn
ncoldont nrlslng from tho snmo. If
unnblo to romovo ll how would you
procood? -in
8. Wlint cnuBos "windy shots" and
under wlmt conditions aro thoy a
sourco of dnngor? 10
0. Doscrlbo somo system of working'conl with which you nro acquaint*
ed, giving fikotclios. 12
10. Vondlnto tlio plnn glvon, using
tho conventional signs Bhown,       20
Pretty Jane,'Annlo'>Laurie",'and
the Lass of. Richmond r..>Y< ■ *
-ywii''''' ;»'■;■■.£,''«■ *
.,-   ^      ...... -•-.- ::,v -' -,*,
.%,TV, -    .\..*    %■   ,V' - >.  *■,'•■■„ ~, ' 7
7;A;-surprlse-7-w'a' soccasioned* at; the
last - weekly"' meeting of the"; .Town
Council of Lindsay", when Mr. •iPeter
Kenriedy,"/ithe 'town' 'treasurer, 'ten-'
de'red his '.resignation'/" with, the explanation,- that/he*, had accepted,! the;
appointment7of\mariager of the'HomV
Bank. of'Canada," branch in/Lindsay^
In urging the Council tb grant him his
release,- Mr. Kennedy, stated;that.the
position' he was igoing-'to .was.-nibre
lucrative- arid promising ./than*/the
inet'ln" aTounTiy.lane""'^ LasT^f j t"reasu'reship,7and  he: considered , it
'-% The' majority of .pepple"., regard;'the
heroes "and heroines of popular;'songs
as, purely imaginary':.- creations.' Csaya
Mr. J. Cuthbert Hadderi'r'ln^Tne'Scotif''
man." ^They often are>but,'not alwaysli"
"My Pretty Jane'"' was, avgirl..far gone
la "consumption'whom" Edwafd-Fltiball
SMo/t's Cure
ftTIIDQ ir-niinuQ hkai.sthei.unc8
oiuro 0UUUH9 pkice, as ciiNrs
>p,W"    .U    ttL?   mf'
proliflndod from tho uro of rlpftrlolly
In mlnos, nnd how would you guard
ngnlnnt thorn? Would you instnl oloc
trlolty underground for nny purposo,
whoro safoty Inmps nro usod oxolu-
WlvolvT    Tf no "tltn fn*1 ii'  «.,.« ,,.,.
3, How would you deal with n
"oroop" in a mlno and how would you
provont tholr occurrence? In doop
mlnos what system would you Instnl
to prevent it? 12
4, What Is (ho proper gradient *cr
n mflln l*>wi villi a vlow to economical
Imulnao? Wl'at Is tlio loast gradlont
you would lay a solf-ncUng lncl«rio,
having regard to tho number nnd
weight of cars In the trip? 12
15. What Is tho horso sowar of a
tiliitflo cylinder mfffno flf fncfioq ta
dlnrnotcr and 30 inch stroke running
According to nn oxchnngo Modlolno
Hut ib going to establish, technical
schools, Wo wonder If thero will bo
a clfliis under tlio direction of a C, P,
It. iirofesHor how to tako tho "Hat Off
tho Mart," or a doctor of philosophy
fiwifiod 10 Instruct tlio "Hnttors" how
Hyto tnko tholr "modlclrio with oqunn-
nulmlty (N.D.-Latln for "shoo-liorn.)
Richmond Hill" became the wife of the'
man '^vho sang^her praisesr '/Sally la*
our Alley" was'a,Cockney,"§lrl.-whom-
Henry; Carey encountered on', Hamp-
stead, Heath on a'^Bank Holidayr*and
"Annie Laurie' was -"the descendant of
Stephen Laurie,- who-^early in the, 17th
century-was a flourishing .merchant-in
Dumfries. About" the year' 1620 ,he
bought, the estate of Maxwelton> beautifully situated; on tbe banks •■ of the
ralley. of the Cairn^ ln Dumfriesshire.
When he' died-hie left, the lands to his
eldest son, John, who,'In!16S0, married
a daughter o'f ,\Sir 'Robert Grlerson of
Lag. The next head of the 7 house,
Robert; was created a* baronet ln 1695..
He was active ..In. support of the. King
and Claverhouse,' and was,made baronet'."for his merits.'? Sir Robert was
the father of "bonnle Annie Laurie."
He was twice married, arid it was his.
second' wife who ■' was the mother, of
the song heroine, one oftbe'most beau-1
tiful Dumfries'sians.ofher day, -
That ardent-lover;-who Jaid* at her
feet, "so to, speak*; hh'e poetical tribute
which, makes .the basis of the popular
song,'was William - Douglas, of Fing-
land, in'Kirkcudbright. - In old records
he is celebrated jas;. one "of the best
swordsmen of his time,; and his son,
Archibald,'rose to; the rank-of lieutenant-colonel "in the -Army..' Annie
Laurie's - beauty had captivated poor
Doiiglas.sbut unfortunately he .was un-
successfuHn'his wooing.-If she really
gave him '.'her promise true," it seoms
more than- a poetic "injustice 'that he
did not.haye her."/At1 any rate, "Annie
Laurie-.married ariother—an Alexander
Fergusson, of Craigdarroch.lDumffles-
shlrey - . yyy ,  •-."";'. Ay-
That, Annie TLatarie' was' a. "beauty,
there- Is no doubt'.. Portraits 'of her are;
preserved."at"Maxwelton.- She is. deY;
scribed'as "slender-and graceful; with"
large blue eyes-VM brown hair, which
was-never; powdered," in, spite of- the-
fashion of the'times.-;-Her face seems
to have^been ratheivlbng, and her features followed Jhe'Grecian.type.!' -The
portrait .ris.frbm'' an,,oil; painting at'
Maxweltori.'{vIt' almost shocks7oie"7to
learn 7 that'-rthiS; fasclnating'KcreatviVe
took snuff,-.but the, shock'is-lessened'
lf;.we remember that many fashionable
■ladles .of^'that- period ~ primedytheir
noses" with/the ,'tittilating ..powder.
The\Rev. Sir Emllius Laurie, areUred
Church -of \ England .;c!ergyman;'"snow;
permanently resident "in.the'old' horiio
at..Maxwelton*,*; isja .living representa-
tiye/of-the family, yyjyj > '"* .'• y^j
Scott,:wH6 died atjSpottlswodde'in the
spring of 1900, .conceived a", fancy'for
Douglas's.y.erses, and'reriiodelled'them,
that :'Annle,iiL"aurie" ^starte'd'^ori.. her.
career of'world-famous1" popularity. l
%-Lady-John,does-,riot give• the-date-of
her recasting-of •tlie7song,,but'~jit was
in-1835,'. Tlireer.years, later'.'the' now.
appeared', for-! the : first *"tlme„''inV"Thb
Vocal Melodies'of .Spotland.";,- "'!'•■-',: '*. f
A Special Corps of. Them Organised
In Paris'/'""    ../"/
'A  special . cbirps  of girls is, - being
organized In Paris to carry radium, t5{
and fro betwoon tho laboratories .whbrb"-
It ls manufactured and stored, and tho'
hospitals, and the- consulting-roome of
tho physicians' who use it. ,     ", .-?,,
Thoy receive good .'wages, $40'and
$50 a month, and tho risks attendant
upon handling tho mysterious mineral
and carrying it constantly about with,
them aro coiiBldorable, Thoy have to
be vory careful, and tako olaborato pro-
cautions, otherwise thoy nro liablo to
bo burned by tho radium emanations—
and such* burns dovelop Tery quickly
Into nasty," spreading ulcers, which aro
exceedingly difficult to heal. ■
Each tiny spook of radium—worth
many hundrods of dollars—hns boon
In a sealod glass tubo, from which the
air,has previously boon oxtractod, and
this again Is placod In a small leaden
box boforo bolng handed to u messon-
gor for convoyanco anywh'oro.  *
Tho'girls woar glovos llnod Insldo
with load shooting, and tholr walstbolt,
Insldo which Is fastonod tho thin flat
box containing tho tubo of radium,, la
sIbo load-llnod.
Tho roaflon for this is that it has
boon found that tho tiny partlolos
which nro constantly bolng glvon off
by tho minora]—Its emanations—will
not onBlly ponotrato load, although
>thoy rondlly pass through glass and
most othor motals.
Still, ovon aftor taking ovory precaution, tho fact remains that on or*
rand girl, whllo actually convoying
radium, Is continually bolng bombard-
od by Its emanations, tho particles
travailing at a rate of sovoral thousand
inllos a Bocond. So, porhaps, nftor all,
tho la not ovor-pald, .
Tho ProBbytorlan Homo Mission
Hoard will upend """207,000 this yoar,
In part as follows; For tho mission
work among foreigners, (3,000; building fund for Now Ontario, 12,500;
mission worK In Drltlsh Columbia, (29,-
000; mission work In Alberta, $43,000;
mission work In SaBkatchownn, $40,-
Aft* t.t ,, »r 11, ,.
Wl/,      »«lJl. ,«!/,#      IV v* t.     tt.     *tV.t,tLVLtA      («I4*
Mudlng nnllrlnn'), ^1,000* flvnnrt nf
Hamilton nnd I^ondon^ $2,100; Bynod
ot Toronto and Kingston, 128,500;
Synod of Montreal and Ottawa, 116.
000.  ■
Tho Spanish Parliament would bo n
tiamoiso lor (.biuirtin, uniiiiiitod barley sugar bolng supplied froo during
tho debates,
Lindsay's^Capable Officiaf Goes, to
"■'. "'';*- Home Bank of.Canada .--"'.' '
was "his duty to,make the change. He
.asked' that be be. allowed to vacate
the^treasurership'ori.the 18th inst.,; :-
' • ~ ""    '•"'.■■'    -' ■ ■»'- .' -«
<;*, Mr.^Kennedy's resignation as town
treasurer: has- 'called /forth, rmany
favorable .comments as to. the care
and efficiency-with which6-he has discharged -his, duties,-' and the Home
Bank-Js generally congratulated ' on
having; secured an. excellerit, manager
for-Its local branch.
Sold 011 the
Merits of
i-FiJrt Steele,
Brewing Co., Ltd.
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay lWi
Stanley St.  - Nelson
Bost. Family and Working man's
Hotel In City; nloely furnished
rooms with Bath. B«di, SOo,
each, meals, 3Bo,
A Union House
THE LAW 18 A "HA88" 8AY8
BUMBLE    ',
The law moves In a mystorlous way
Its uoudont to perform,
For him whom corporations dparly
Thoroi' but llttlo foar for harm;
nut let tho victim bo a, minor,,
po man who wields tbo pick,
*Taw" Hutu Uk«t» on'aiaptu k>>U,
In fact-Quito doublo qulci.
Catarrh Cannot Be Cured
with I^AL APPLICATIONS, u llu-r rtnnot r«*
luucutl dUBMn. ud la ardnr t* nn It v«U ttvwt Ul>*
InUKRtl remedw.  tuw$ uurrh Cut* tt Ufa* to'
u»»iir. W uu 4li»rtir wm ibt Uoai t»d matM*
•KRlMMk lltfl'« CtUrrS Oat* It «i«t * «u»rk «INll-
rte*. 11 *-m iinwfiKid by <i&* 44 ij* UwL vUrtlelUH
in thtt fwwiirr for www tnit m • rnnhr ptfiertpiina,
II h «amp«Mfi of jto hun twin* Iaowb, canMui
With lh« wtf, Woo4pnilft*nt »«hr Atrttlly wiik
mmtm mint* Tl* t**t**i wmtonnHui tl \tii
l*a (ntr«t«nu M •Mt.uoilwvt iwb «wu1*»1b1 t+
mtlu M (WM* MMffti,   fimrt tM tr*timmt»l., trv*.
r.iyHVMV.S m «»,, fnt*. To»rt», o.
, tcM bf Orattttw. pot* »•«.
WpwJifrc In tbr Pnc» run br
found In such a display of
>".,- r ^i/.-DENTIST/;.. -. ;,   ,
Office:.-Henderson Bloclv. Fernie," B.C^ -
*. - i* .* nHou'ra:; 8.30, to '1 • 2 to 5.  7. .
., ".'7y:r,-;^.':-o7-   \\--* «•« ':'...'
*.; Residence: 21," Victoria Avenue.- ■:*_'-
' "-. ■■s„'-\-":V.'':-*•-<" ..,-•'   ."    '     ' : j.','-'
W. R.'RosajK^CA   - ,",
^.'"7 "'t-\M.""A.-.'Macdonald
'-r '> . •
W. S. Lane:
Fertile", B"*" C.^
Barrister-at-Law, Solicitor,'
F. C.'Lawe ;.<•' j.*,-;
Alex. I. Fisher
7. ATTOR'NBYS'"       *-""} .
,i v 7, - .■ •   .      «>    ■   -
[' "FernleVB.'C.  ■ "• -.-'  'y
y. l., ,h.v putnam ;',   ' '■'
: .    *;-. ,-y ■ '■■'-.-■»   7   \-_
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.'
y,yA.?Mcpj5!ugali; Jijgr ;
Mahufactupersofand Deal-
eps in all kinds of Rough
yy..'-.•■.    ,   :-.-.■ .,,•   ,   -^
and Dressed Lumber
, I-*-*
Send us youp orders
Bar. Unexcelled;
■AH White Help
"S L
„      1* ' '     ^      -
, * J /
v Every thing
'■'. Up-to-date
■     '. ". 'v'. 7,";
...      , '■- \\
Call in and-
see us once
<■ 1,
- 4--
{^ **
'.'" '
v '--Wi
P, Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
y    v   Gents'.Furnishings
Lizard Local General Teamsters No,
141, Moots ovory Friday night nt
8 p. in. Minors' Union Halt, \V.
A Worthlngtori, President; ID. J.
Good, ,8oorotniy,
ttartsn.d'ira'' Local No. 614; Meets 2nd
and 4tli Sundays at 3.30 p.m. Secretary J.'A. Gouplll, Waldorf Ho(e)
Qladstone Local No. C314 U. M. W. A.
Mdots i'lh and i\h Ttiursdsy Minors
Union hall,    D. Hooa, 3t\
Typographical Union No. 858/ Keel's
last Saturday In each month at tho
ledger Office. , A. 3, Buckley, Bee-
Local Fertile No. 17 •. P. ef C. Meets
In Miners Union Hall CTory Sunday
at 7.4S p.m. Everybody welcome, D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
United Brotherhood ef Carpentere and
Jetnere^-lAoal mo. I>. J. Brans,
President; P. II. SJbAw, SeowUry.
r,'V;*-"A".*v\''' ,«' swpsa
V-L -•""-?'.'■>•.
-, v.-^ y^4^$£iy:-7 ■ • y^'-■ 7, -- -*-' - y7 ■
-rT-^'   '       *
., \-_ 4£iSt.-V,y-
-"''."'•- *, ',, ' ,* ,:-'.',, -■';-    '" •*
•-'-." T-,v ;«.;.--:*   ,*"      • 7'
•y. ------y^. ■■ ■
*- < " -, x - - -   ;---' -'     - f, - ,
I" J',"
TheiW®ek 'sJVewi for
«tA-y ■...;■'.■% -y .vyy-y   ■ *   -   •■•''■■    ■■■
-1<'p.. ■'
OM^Moreign BrdthWs
.«..-> • ',-:*jV . .r\
c,77 -*y'just-'a .blow'' :.;";j7''-;,K-""'
■* ,, —-M -^V '* ^*- -,"0J'       -        'it     .-V      , V-       v- i"       '
-/yThe"hayyeeter trust' is advertising'a
- '-new .machine' for .turning. th&soll ,thi\t
,' iB;^lng."to;-':heJp!:''*toward"- socialized
farming and ultimately make the trust
- impossible'. t =, The advertisement says
':)ot this'stupendous'plow:._,.--.,
'.'.    "It, Is" a-' plow, turning a furrow sixty
i-feet wide;',a plow nin*ety:twofeet from
,f front /to'" rear; 7thw noble-"engines
' t move before a "resls'tahc^ eqiial„to .that
.,' of a hundred Pullman's.    TtireeTengin-
V-eers'an'd^a 'plowman—these,!-are .the"
.7working forces.   7 •■   7 ,\ *'.,)'7-,~y
"Seven acres are plowed* ^o.-'.eyery
. mile of advance; two miles an hour
. are, covered,  which1 means anv acre
" plowed every two minutes and^four-
7_teeil seconds..-   .     ,-   ■ ,7-VV1--7
"The labor of the apader, for .five
"hundred years is concentrated, in, twen7
ty-four* hours.   • This ys-the-act of
•■challenging thei-imagination,:'yet only
1'>ihe_beginning-of ^an.'epoch.'.'';'';
-.-.- -t This new machine is Vailed-the 011-
■ •-pull plow,, and has been:in;operation
, at Purdue University, Indiana.- ^It Is
' now, on -.exhibition', at the Land' Show.
*.at Chicago. "v 7" ',' • 7, ; 7':-; ■ ,, •
.;'"'.. Xh'e history of^'tllling the soil for the
Tfeeding of the world 'dates, from the
.- -employment of the crooked stick- as a
" plow, in the time of'the Pharaohs to
:. the use of the stone hoe arid'-.the cop-
' per Bpade.'    It*,was 'only'".during the"
.nineteenth., century; that - ,thVV'stee'l
.„ Tnouldboard came into existence'.This
' <was\ speedily v followed* by the - mower
' and-reaper and various otherrfarming
- .Implements. The': invention, of ■ the
■cotton gin is accredited < with, the
.change of economic,forces,that led .to
-the- overthrow of slavery.;'"Lincoln;
' declared that the reaper; enabling "women and children; to .garner'the''grain
in the north, while the'men!,were."at
.. war, did victory to the
^ north "during- theVcIvILywaivtban'-did,
the muskets of the!soldiers.-""• .-'\>7l
Up tothe beginning of the nineteen-,
th century famlnles';were of frequent
occurrence even in, Europe.'* -7 It -was
ithe invention of farm machinery that
enabled ' the'. western' world \ta overcome, the terror of hunger and-feed
""humanity.." '".'.'.-,'  ' '   77',. ""* .
. ;, In view ;pf all- tfiese things, ;:tiie, state
ment made.In :the"advertisement-'of
the; .OIlpull .tractor; that. it  Is'. "the
—2—^— ^. ——wi-wv[2»—'uT"Ollwll|.u.v—e
Is not unreasonabiei-,yet only the be-
F'-v- -'* ginning of an'epoch",.;'The' manufacturers see the'mighty changes coming
■ in  agriculture.'"   7     v*'-y * .7'"'''
._   "Bowed  ^lth^the-weight of  cen-
'.;turies,' Edw^ih Markham'pic'tured truly
the condition of the Man with the Hoe'
'of the agriculturist; during-the ages:
. that nre gone. '  He {ms bW calle'd'a
clown,'a boor",'a rube/ .Ho,has'been
slave, serf and renter, always an under
llng^ The making of "machinery aided,
the world, but]it-did ,',not free  the
. farmer,    "When a. century ago "Uncle
'Sam'wan rich enough-, to give, us all
.   a farm and tho tiller of tbo soil., became temporarily /'Independent*,'."; now
■ moro than half tho farms In "America
nro operated by hired hands'of ten-1
ants.    ,'"'■" •   •  .' ,
And tho ond Is not yet.  Thero will
bo further evolution   of   machinery,
ovon of'agricultural machinery.   This
,now thing, Is "tho beginning, of nn
1. opoch.'" To quote from tlio advertise-
■ mont, tho song of tho OIlpull:   , . "
"I sow.    I reap arid glean.' I winnow corn from chaff nnd fetch it to
• glvo now llfo. I bring tho dumb boast
rest. I bring to tho tollor his dally
loaf.    I am to-day's beiiBt of burden.
jl nm tho hope otyfood and llfo for
tomorrow's millions.'" .  .
For you must romembor that .this
tractor Is not only a plowman. It ls
nn automobile truck that can bo utlllz-
od for all kinds bf labor.
It Is tho final work of tho trust. It
is being tostod on tho publicly ownod
agricultural farm of Purduo UnlvorRt-
„ty, Thoroforo It stands ns'tlio'crown-
ot tho trust Idea and tho'prophecy' of
tho Socialized ora, Thoro ls a significance boyortd what tho harvostor
trust suspootod in Its phaso;
'- "Tho beginning of an epoch.*"
If capitalism develops tlio mnchlno
It will moan that agriculture will be
como a rich man's proposition, , Tlio
poor will become hired hands on tho
big farms. Tho small farmer will
find hlmsolf unnblo to mlno corn and
«e>, -    *" WAAR8CHUWING 7yV>
? --  /  -' -^\.--\.ia .      •   ;.,'   ' y' '       -r-
<♦■ -:,(All© y. steenkool..- • mljners; ,♦
«e>. wbrdeh yerzoeht-weg te blij-7 ♦
"e>-"i;ven^yan.?A!berta-en.. Eastern. 7<e>
♦j British^CoIumbla,7*daarC;de..-.
♦,, werkstaking: fnog,-'nlet- Is ~op *;♦
<e>   geheven;   ''-77y~(-7c '"',- ♦
♦'-5lo^.v-"'v.,- £ }^'--yi"y ♦
♦"*r'^, ♦■♦ ♦ "e> ♦■•♦.♦ ♦-♦
a- •;■""• -.   ■-■(■--. ■-. ■ '   ■-■-.,'     ,
wheat and-cotton in..conipetItion- with
this.-vast'machinery, just^as he was
unable to-weaveT^cloth in*competition'
with the big factory.0-Consider what
is meaot by the phrase!C« "The' labor
of a spader, for'five hundred years Is
this twentieth century monster."' ;7
Three'' men ,!n two days doing what
three, men "could3, formerly do in* 166'
years." It wll'fmean, if capitalism controls the Machine, .'the' '.throwing out
of employment' of ^thousands of farmers and a worse slavery than exists to-'
dly.7"--:v;-r^s-'v - ' -.',*...,
, Butvit-"theVsocial machine, is'used
socially' and if or j'tiie benefit of, a|H,;, it
wll .mean,more'lood;and less!vwork—
greater' comfort,.wider,freedom and a
higher' civilization. / '","' * "' -,,
•'lt;!or. the other'.^-The'
Lance/Toronto. ,   -, -7'-   ...v..
; A.despatch from Los Angeles, under
date November, l; vsays -that, the'. defence .in the. McNamaraf case; will ,en-'
deayor to7prove',,'a:great-portion, of
its contention that gas.antl not,dynamite destroyed the Los'Angeles "rimes
by* the very forces'which-are beh'ind:
the prosecution,'was .made, certain'by
the. introduction- by..Attorney. Darfow
of ihe first copy/of; the Times' issued
oh the,morhirig|followlng the disaster."
VHe got it'.before, court during; the
interrogation-of-Talesman Thomas B:
Preston, *'a; ■ local ./architect,-- against
whom he later lodged/a challenge for
bias.- ,:7'• .'-y'y- '•yXjty'}':   '~r'
" iDarrow had-Preston." identify a copy
of 7 the ...Times • which beafsV",i*n;/"deep
black type iho". sta'reinentis ""Unionists
Bombs Wreck.TimeB.-'/yy".' 7 •' , >•
";He then,Introduced,"it in/evidence
4\Vat*-t\\£kl-Tivn&j\a4ra7A<*_+l^j^"_y11n*-«l#i*_*^+ *■*!.« h
w t vi-'iuv-yiui.vdio   ui ^\,u^-\iisn,lX\*V~OlU/l*"
ney, who objected, although ;■ he aa>
mitted he didn't, see the'object''
It is nowV'known that Darrdw.- expects to shovv',that the^ Times'/for
weeks after the. explosion openly declared" the'Times completely destroyed by ".dynamite , and then-
when the insurance*.companies'refused to settle-tholr flro insurance'on the
ground that ah explosion,and not fire
wrecked the,building.the"owners of
'the property changed^-thelr tactics
"and asserted that-the oxploslon (was
only a small" affair, doing, according to
a sworn statement' by the officers of
the Times Company;.lhvallciatlng tholr
Insurance claims, only $6,000 damages.
Dnrrow has theso affidavits and expect to confront tho state's wltnossos
with thorn'and demand that they explain tho discrepancies. Ho has in'tro-
'"ducod tho copy of tho Times as a preliminary foundation for this.—Tho
Lanco, Toronto. '/ ,
For. tho first tlmo* tho peoplo ,of
Alasco Lorraln have had a chanco to
show tholr political opinions, ■• National differences woro oxpoctod to
mako tho voters decide In favor of
French or Gorman candldatoB, slnco
thoso formorly Fronch provinces woro
conquered ground.
But tho unexpected happonod; tho
pooplo know tholr frlonds, and gavo
tholr enemies, tho patriots Fronch and
(Jerman, what was coming lo thorn.
In eplto of certain favor ln tho election laws, granted to tho "conservative
elemontB," tho result wns ns follows:
Absolute majority and oloctod on the
first balloting:
< GO Socialists.
20'Centrist'(Catholics).     '
2 Liberals, *
4 Ulock parties,
28 second balloting nocoosary.
Prussia, glvon n chnnco to voto,
would go nt lonst ns strong Socialist
it J.
List of Locals District 18
BanMiond F, Whcatley, BanWiead, Altn.
Beaver Creek..,.,,, P.amighton, Beaver Crook, via Plnchor
IlollftVllO \,,l jl, nilArn - TIMInvtin Pi-tinV   AU«
Blairmore ......... IJ. J. Chaao, 'nialrmorin, Alia.
l^tmlH Jos. Derbyshire, llurmls, Altn,
Carbondalo J, H, Hyslop, Carbondalo, Coleman, Alta.
Cardiff J, Poolo, Cardiff, Alta. *
Cnnmoro ..,.. N. 1>. Thachuk, Csnmore, Altn.
Coleman. W. flraham. Oolemsn. Altn.
Corbln J, Twlgg,  Corbln, B. C.
Chinook Mlnos .... Wm. Forsyth, Wsmond City, Altn,
Diamond City Josoph Nnlrn, Diamond City, Lothbrldgo, i
^«"«»o  Thos. Uphill, Fornlo, B. u.
Prank ,... o, Nlcol, Frank, Alta.
Homim- W. Balderstone, Hosmer, B. O.
triltcroBt J. O. Jonea, Illllcrest, Alu,
I/sthbrldgo ........ I* Moore, P. O. Box II J, Lethbrldgo
LetlibrWiitt CuIUovlus Ft auk lUrliiti'uim, »ec, vis., Klpp, Alta.
W"« W. I* Evans, Lille, Frank, Alta
Mnjdo I*ai m. tllldar. Maplo !/!*f, Bellorue, Alta.
M'fhel Jf, mnmsll. Michel, B. C.
Monnrfh Mire.... l^rnre Woodleld, Taber, AHa.
PflBibojg..,; J, Magdall,' Pttasburjf, Alta. *
Roynr VtftW  Tlioa. n, FlaUs. Ruyhl CoUU»klwi, UtUWldge, AUa
•r«H«r. William IlueseH. Taber. Alta.   ,
Taber..   , A, Patterson, Tabor, Alts. I
Z-^7 - ->y~\y>X
.fg-   DISTRICT '■;?!
.'^■i'-No'lfl'. h '
Edir 'president
77?'"i;Vote.for One
?--y 7
. :   7:7i^   '-
For 5ftc£ President
'f e   '. j l
;   For Secretary-Treasurer
CARTER,   A.   J.
For International Board Member
- Vote for One-
TUPPER,   J.  A.
7;   Hosmer
'   'IV
JONES,   J.   O.:
7 yy ;&::**
j.'iy:.--' i.'iy
. ■**;' 7 * '•!' •    -.- -
* t_
For District Board Member
'    , \\      SUB-DISTRICT  No. 1
GRAY,   J.   W.
Vote for One,
HYSLOP,   D.  E.
Voto for Ono
t        '
LEES,   Wm,
ns did AlaBco Lorraln. But tho descendants of burglars and UiIovob united with tho servants of Qod, hold to
tholr Ill-gotten powor to exploit tho
masses, that they may follow tholr
vices and corrupt tho morals ot tho
nation thoy profess to lovo. And In
this town Is n member of tho disgraced
class, tho editor of a dally Qor'man
paper.—(loo. Strolltz, In Socialist Democratic Herald.
Tlio nominations for different offlco*
for rt*vrt yonr'n otofttnv,, whtr^y tiVA
place tbo second Tuesday In Decomber,
are at follows:
PRESIDENT.—W.   S.   Powell,   Cole-
man, present Incumbent.
! J. E. Smith, Pernio.
conttit hence elected by aeelama-
Carter.  The'like honor has btsn
4    bestowed upon the present holder
ef this office.
Owing to tb« retirement ©f Chas
Gaitt«,oC UU-lxtuKft,««international
Board Member, It is rapected that
there will be a very strongly contest*!
fight to fill tho vacancy,   Tho aspirants are as follows:
Robt, Evans, Frnnk, Alta.
W, Graham, Coleman.
T. J. Harriet, Mlchol
J. 0. Jones, Hillcrest.
D, McNabi Lethbridge. ,	
D, Real, Fornlo,
J. A. Tupper, llosmor.
8ub-Dlstrlct No. 1,; n
J. W. Uray, r'urnio (olectea).
Sub-District No, 2:
Thrts contestant!—W, Carruthers,
Frank;   E. Christie, Bellevue;   D,
E. Hyslop, Coleman.
Gtuto-Dittrict No. 3:
Two contestants:
L. Moore, Lethbrldpej
E. Brown, Taber
Sub-District No. 4:
W. Less, llnnkhead, who was ro-
turn«'I wUhout opposition,
Anyone having any information concerning Joseph Victor TroUler, who Is
t^lktvod to hnvo worked as mln«r ln
dtlior Alberta or TX C, ia earnestly
rcau^s<«d to communicate same to
Mrs. M. 'IHOTn-KIt, ].
277, Saekvllle 8t.
Toronto, Ont.
.■y -»';----.;,-t.'i^.-. '
,   . *.i ;.   '\ '. .+-
■L-    /
7?-yWyy ".""■*". ;'r"':"';' 7- ^77^^.-i^7;7-^;^;y .ye,.."x-yy/yy^yTyypy^f^
i" 7 '"■'?"■ 7 .7 y ■ \° '" ~.    :    '" --. ,""7  ;■-,.7 ";>--■ y;--'f_  ^ '. --._   v   -.' -'-■ "- • y<^ ^;jR'.t-.,yt-
7  f"       " \ ' -.-': ' ">" "':      V ••■.--. ir''7" •--'.   /:^v .----'.;   ' .;'~~" i?;'$'7-!i-
"..ip- "-
■v      -"-   "!•'-!<; VI
,    „   ..-.'VT'>;:
Paper that gets there
Cf:'Advertising that advertises is the .
sort  desired  by  persons   seeking
publicity for their wares,
Cf Selecting the medium is import-
ant—the publication that reaches
the people-1 the wage^-earners—4
should appeal to the discriminate
purchaser of space. .   \
Cf Its  an easy matter to/acquire .
space in a paper but its another
point to get adequate returns from ,
the outlay. t y     ^     ,
_ W_Adve.rJtis.ements_that_sAlUo'nnd«-—--
are the ads that change often and'-
make interesting reading from time.
1   to time, giving facts and figures.
■*   ■ * *■   - \„'
° Cf Any arrangement of type matter
■and words in a paper is not advertising. : A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of information' that will „not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your business with the use of Printers Ink.
Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly. through
the columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to do and when you do
this you have gone a long way to-
, wards being a success.
* <
Cf Let the new comers know who
you are and advertise your business.
Cf Tho District Lodger has the
largest circulation in the Pass and
' should bo your special medium \>o
toll your weekly story. Just try-
can't toll until you try.
.*., ■"■
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger ?.
' r*
-: -"-'7
M '•'
mJ> _ *-
IB   ,
' 'p5"'    '
v^    -
^r   -
5 7-
The Stbfe of 7Good Values
2 oz. Bovril .::.':. .7.".;. ,.v, ■;.;.>'  30cy
' . '4 oz. Bovril ;.'..... v !_!. \; 7'....... !\.,..;'. ^60c. ,
'-%Concord Sardines, >2 tins-for .".7 ."".",.. /.'.". h '"25c/ "*
M ' Imported Pish-and Game-Pastes ih glass . :.-.■. ^5q^>i
.'"",Sliced Pineapple, 2 -lb. tins'.;.. v '"..-..\  ,15c;.y7
; Preserved Plums,' 2, lb/ tins .?....    10c;
■ .Preserved Strawberries 2 lb, tins, 2 for .-.. 7., 35c.'!
■ ■ Libby, and Van Camp's Soup, 2 tins for    25c.
' ' Meat of "Wliea't Breakfast Food, 2 for.... ,y^25c!y
Shredded Wheat Biscuits, 2 for . 7. ....>.. ,V25c." '
Toasted'Corn Flakes, 3 pkts for .. 7..-..;.".. - 25c'
1 lb. tins C and S! Seal Coffee ...":;:.'.;... •' 35c".''
- Canada First Cream, 3 large tins for    25c. '*
1 lb. Tins C. and B. Jams ................   15c
Assorted Cake Iceings -..._,'.■;.....;..   10c.
,, * Sherriff 's Jelly Powders, 4 for-'. *..'.•> .7 T   ' 25c'  >
\ Sunlight and Lifebuoy Soap, 6 bars for ....   25c'.
Pearl Hardwater Soap, 4 for.?!-..' '.   25c
• -Colgate Toilet Soap, per box;; ....'■ 30c. \"
Colgate's Talcum Powder *'.-;;/...;....;'...   2Qc   :
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins for.':' \-.  *25c -
Fancy Table Raisins, 2 lbs for ... .\.,..V.:  *25c '/'
Four and Fivb Inch Ribbons, Speciol 10cv. per yard
These Ribbons.'are made from pure Silk in"plain',
and Dresden, four-and five inches,wide.
*•     Regular .',.."    15c. to 20c.
Saturday   . ~.   10c per yard °
• :"' $1.00 Corsets for 75c.  ;-" 'y.
Ladies' Corsets made from English Coutil.   Long
;7Hips.   '    ../.../'! /'■■'"' .'■ y    _    /
>        *r  Regular,-.;...."...:.* '.'-;..   $1.00
• *  " '*-. Saturday  ....:....       75c
7. ;■.- J   Children's Fleece'Underyests, 25c
Children's Fleece Waists; finished with braid and
"buttons^ for undergarments;   18 to 26,
.'   Regular-:..'....'...';.....•..-.;• 35c." t    ""
-;        .-Saturday ..... .7.....;.h.7..;   25c." "-' .
,"  •' Ladies'-Wool Slipper Sbles/.ivjth heavy. wbol,"m ;!
* .sizes 2_to 7.f '    *"    /. \ 7; ;Jy > ;■,,*•,_.
■  .'lAies'7Wool.SUpper 7   " ;
^Regular.;.;.;".../...-..j.;..:*.; 35e.   y\  - \
"Special -..'.- -«f.•*' .". ■ '•'..'• y.25c\
r',',Wbere iSTthe**-plumbcr?" has been
an ;oft repeated-cry of late.
• ^ ,ful\.1!^'°{.0?'"i'ernie. Home Bakery
c'ooking'fis "stocked by "A.-A.; McBean,
.the grocer."-"'- :- ,v .      ',   ,       ,,"*■»
/'Mrs.- P. Ship' expects to leave for
Calgary.;on -Monday next!.' where she
fwlll inake her home. ,s
?7^r.e;UI1derstand from press - reports
that R.'R. Potter, city, engineer/.will
superintend-the Installing ,bfjthe water
work'system* at Coleman.-/' -\ "" '• , -
■ -Arch! McLean, local contractor,-left
for Wardner this week where he will
build, the- new public school for which
ho recently received the "contract.'- '
- .The.Rev. C. H. Huestis, Secretary of
th© Lord's pay-Alliance, will .'address
a union meeting In the Baptist Church
on Thursday-evening next, Nov. 23rd,
at eightfo'clbck.    " .'    ■■■
..The firot anow of the season!—This
should remind you that;,riow is the
time to get your storm windows and
doors," and'tbe place is KENNEDY'S;
MANGANS.    Telephone'23.    "*7 "*-'* ■
Previous,to bis departure for England "Teddy' ;Mpor, was the guest "to
an/"after-dinner party-at Jtho home of
Fred Perry, Victoria Avenue, on Tuesday evening last,"to which a select
party of young friends were guests."
?E. 'Moor;/ recently; with;"the';G^6.
Barton .Transfer-Company initio cap-'
acity of :acco'untant, and |formerly-Von;
the staff1 of "the Imperial Bank, of
this .city,, left-on Thursday, night's'
Flyer en routeVtbr England,' where he
expects to" stay for about foqr months'.1
but expresses himself so well pleased
with Western Canada"' that'"it • is, his'
intention'to return to some .part of! the
province! v'„'Af ter making' a "'-short-' so-'
iourn in" Winnipeg he will prqeeed to
his. home Ifi'the neighborhood\of the
City, of7"Pog,\iikewise. visiting various
parts vof,Great Britain, and
bably take a Vun over' the continent
before, he cornea back. '   " • v .,"••
*■'"-       IN MINES
,We often hear .the cry "Patronise
your home town," Where Is it? Por
a certain/number of citizens it' certainly, Is'not-Fernie, as they have
seen fit to deport-some of their encumbrances, for brief periods where5
the living is'cheaper.    .
. R. Dudley returned from Vancouver
on Monday evening from attending the
B. C, School-Board Association annual convention. , He reportsVeather
conditions':during his-_visit' as being
Very unusual, 'and the coldest there
in ,307years. ,,, -     .   ..
All Odd Fellows who ^ wish to go to
Cranbrook' on-.7the 27th, for, which
special arrangements are being made,
please be in attendance at the regular
meeting,Wednesday "evening next," so
that 'a 'list' of- names, be known of
those going.0 _ y y „ y I       *.   v ,.
1 '
h -*
fl  ,
tiDurlrig-ithe'rcold' "snap- the devotees
of the '.'roaring'', gamo have' been 'quite
.hnnnVlJpnffflga"rtL *>•«)«<* i^+.« ^i..*,.,/,!. .1*1..«.
centre "with their '.'stanes," and brobmB
have, been much in requisition. Prom
all-appearances .there, will be no lack
of ;,enthusiasm over the game this
season, judging by the numbor of
rinks that will be in evidence.
Overcoats That Appeal To The
More Particular Kinds Of Men
W/E put no premium on the style of our Over*
*y,   coats.   Our prices are based on quality
You pay nothing extra for distinction, It is characteristic of every garment that bears the Fit-Reform
Fit-Reform Overcoats show the best type of the
exccllcj for appearance and service.
,;G.;M..'MIller.has recently bought out
jh© Intorost of M. G. Conley in tho'"Isis
.Theatre,,and.purposes not,only keeping up tho high standard enjoyed.but
endeavoring to improve it, and, will
present tho initial vblll under his man-
agomont to-night (Friday). , Soo hand
bills for full program, and if you wish
to attend,a'thoroughly Interesting and
clean show' drop In at tho yWhite
House' next to tho Northern Hotel.
* Sho was an' unwise' hon and wnn-
derod away~Tho reason therefor I
cannot, Just "'say—But an individual
named ——(?) did that hon waylay—-"
So that./she'-rolght como: and'In his
hay lay—Tho'oggs thnt Bho,lald,ncath
a. shack' not far. from tho pound—As
sho pottered about woro not under
tho ownor's house found—Porhaps rations woro scarco, at "least so thoy
say—And thoroforo I think 'tis tlmo I
flnlshod, this lay, . '
—"Hints to Poultry Raisers by Tot-
egg'." " '  -
Esthor Robokah Lodgo I., 0. 0, F„
Fornlo woro ut homo last Thursday
ovonlng, tho occasion ot tho visit of
tho ProBldont of tho Assembly, Mrs.
Evans, Rossland, ' Aftor regular busl-
110S8, tho largo room was thrown opon
to" all, several visitors being present,
whon a choice programme. of muslo
(both vocal and Instrumental) was
engngod in, "ftofroshmonts woro served In a lavish manner, and thus was
concluded anothor most onjoyablo
evening and of which Esthor Reboknii
Lodgo and Its members may well fool
Those who believe that good clothes are assets lo
CVCtTy.  uuauiwd
1.     1 1
iUttik,  i&kWutu  see  l»e i'il-i\eioifm
Overcoats we are showing at $18» $20, $22,
$25, $28, $30 and up.
4 S3
The Crow's Nest Trading Ca
In Queensland and; Newi'south
Woles the Acts for the "prevention "of
accidenia, In mines .provide that in
mines employing more than ,.ten" men
below g'bund th© " mining inspector
p.r-i-11 ,.be the holder, of; a first-class
nilne-managerfs certificate, t.a'nd be
direr thirty years bf age. The Queens
land Act says:—'Wherever any'min-
ing inspector phall have inspected any
mino or lucchinery he shall'enter1 in a
took to bo kept on the' mine or* works
for the l'Uipose, his opinion, derived
from such inspection of the actual condition of the mine and machinery at
the time of such inspection, and he
shall also-record what alterations'or
requirements 'be_ things necessary."^
This is'doubly useful (says J." W.
Broomhead, in the Financial Times),
as-It'keeps the'inspector up to»the
scratch and "allows the' manager to
Know at,once' the- position; while'
shouldan "accident occur it shows that
the mine'%as" In'a safe condition at
the time,;of the inspection.- This record, Is also",useful for reference purposes'-on-any subsequent visit'of an
inspector.'-'There is an-other.--useful
regulationvin -the Queensland .iiA'ct,
namely, ,that the manager ofr; every
mine has once a week to sign a,statement in. a' book kept for the'purpose,
that during the week he has" at least,
once ylBit'ed' -every working face- in
thymine; and.he has tb state whether
conditjons'were safe or otherwise. .-In
big mines • this .'regulation' will" keep
tbo.manager'up to his work and pre-*
■vent top"'much dependence being plac-'
ed on the'foreman., .As to the storage
of explosives'; {the ' Queensland 'Act-
'states;that:7 ,   , ..)<'.,
,   ""Detonatprs.'fqr blasting   shall "-'be
--"~r~ vutv»*Cj»ui*»y"c""v"t--ini"C""5iuimGrili 3
covered box- placed In a separate. mag:
azlne.- Not more than 10 detonator's
shall be kept[.underground in any level
at one,'time7'andI1these shall be'kept
in a covered bps-In a separate drive
or chamber, ahd'only taken out in such
quantities" asj-requlred for immediate
use;, ■ Detonator^shall not bn
tonco'whatsoever],bo placed near any
travelling road, pass or .working face."
'^The Australian Acts *,require, the
mine manager to suuply the Mines
Department with',a copy,of thb working plarm of tha^ilne, and s are very
particular aboiitjtlie tensilo, strength
of hoisting ropes, etc. In the cas©
of fatal accidents no" work other than
that required to. pave life shall be dono
nor the conditions altered in any way
until tho'Inspector, has had an opportunity of 'examining tho position..
talk'to the'-men-.and^e^iSeni'cards
and ci^rsr;:/^ *i;y/y' ■-■ -y ;y
One, day" Jim-was .;asked. by. one' of
his shopmates,-itjs^o:'outrto.*th© gate
and-listen fo' ft'sposfker^ho' was not
allowed;the same.'prlviieges'as the" Bei
publican",and. Democratic1, representai
tives.      v  ,  ' ■'*'y7yy i   v.;
.Tim.went alojig., He'stobdrand listened, till* the'-whistle blew.^V'Not a
:word did'h© say! ,'-7*7:£, yiK'7 y*'".-
But the'next day h'isfpent up. indig-
nation^ broke out.-' -j*;V^ . '',-;•'v. ,V
--'Did! you-hear .what.that;mah. said?''"1
he started.' '- •"y'~\ly>%-.:7. •' ■,'*
'•'Did you hear him say^that; the,It©-
publicana and th<3-Democ'rats7are all"
the'oame and}that they.aU^-gtand'for,
the^bosse's and against 'us workers?y
:,"Did you hear him"say that our.Bhop'
is owned by^Dolan! and; Hamlin7and
that"one was ^Republican' and^th©
other a'Democrat?,;   ..- ,- J   .>n"7\_'l:
;"DId'you hearvhim' -say" that both
Democrat - and ' ^Republican ... 'judges
wouldt'stand, tor 'Dblan and/.Hamlin
and against th©men;in tbe shops?  7'
-, '.'Did you hear'him,say, that ln.cas©
of strike" or;Vaccident-these Judges
would' send- th© workers -to' jail^and
protect the .firm,'against1* any; harm? 7'
4'Wasn't ho crazy?. .1 don't believe
a.word of iti",   ,, ■   ;,,;/-,, .• _ ,jf■
; The day after the "©lection, tbe meir.
wer© talking" about vthe close vote and-
how, both Republican 'and Democratic
judges had-been elected! '    '    ' '" !,'-;
""Weli;:i got mine;'"anyhow," boasted Jim!   y-.y7yy77 * -;-'   ;yy
ek.later,"the men wero ^told
that.there was'to;be a^ cut in wages.
It^wasia surprise.'\The cut waa ordered all along the lino in the. same in-
dustry.'Jy'  . 7'7«""'-v>'<"      •;. ;,7'. V
,s"W© can't stand any cut," cried Jim
and' was' joined by .the rest '- y..'   ;
"We'll, go on 'a strike and' show Do-
lan and Hamlin that we have something tb say. about this. We. can't
it&rve.''. ' y'y,/. ^ ..y,** 7\y.
,;The strike!'was called'.. 7'strike-
breakers.were brought In and the fight
was on., y '•" ' :".' . . *','•■ ;-■■ '
; Jim was'"on©7.of;the' most-earnest
among the pickets.1 Ho'was also th©
first' to, reaii | the .'injunction that, brder-
ed.hlmja'nd all'other strikers" to quit
picketing," and not', interfere in ^.anyway with. any. of the strikebreakers^
.The, injunction"-forbade him,'to taikT
to or give, papers or" any matter"! whatever "to strike' breakers.,' -. f *? ;^:..' -
.';' The, Injunction' had' been 'issued! by
Jim's own-fydge, the yery7bne he,was
most anxious, to! have elected? 7 '' U.
■;^It* angered7JSm.and he;becam©,bold'
inl !telklBgyln!the union.'-.;H© tViedJnbt;
to ' v'lblate'^the .'lnj'uncOoiybutj'jwas
nevertheless" arrested' for "standlng/on!
. andi^anyrequired ,
,y;c!olor. J\ plain an&dmSyyA^? '-> v'.v-'-K
c^~'^^^y*'^iS7:':: v* >■'••■■"• :.'""'^'-^y--".35cicio"i65cy^
•7   \«g?\ -.-.•;' i :- „ \-\s - - U. ■>, ^"i;" ^i ,^%v. •* -:r'c>{.- 7
-*    - "-t    '      ■?-""     ' . > w i, <l. - -      "- ^ -J  * « •■ Co     ** rp    - I- 4' ' t - i L     r      -A-     "
- * "x ^ *' 7'l-s ^iH^18 v>n5v' 5lo,y^»; ^B?^; ganiitlet Btyle: ;aUr A
*. L^ftld'-Mufflers)Clou'dsJ'Scarfs^and'ShaWls.*; '
.M:   ' Ml"'-    '   m   I*-"-'   '.    -   > » ' .M*-*3    .. • '   ,       -''.'--'    ' ..*'■
'i<:\...J£$ ,...,^^ry!beit hnes procurable; and in a good > ,-.'
§/"..""" v "'varyst/ of styles* arid'sha'des."     -7-'"   ''   ""■''' 'k'^
•4l#'\*   :- .'*'■'.  ,-vii>^-7.' 1\\-a   y. v.*/..* -*y-:-." = -,.-r-•   "iv7.
a- .v-^7 *..,v ■ '-:'- 7t>r7*; ---ly, -1-;- ■*. ^s -'.y^y -:.7+   --Ai'-t^, ■ £.>,;.;7 ;|T *•->X
i ;&na£& hi 17^Sf4i^.^-'- i 71'&
;;7-'y^,vr7^Ma^^^ deep'T;V7'i
.■V-y^'V''1', plaited flounce. • ,Colors(BlacW^avy>E^
2■{''^;:V.:' ;t:' o^in Blue, Paddy Green"'wid^evttg.-colon.;*■v'',':-'. {.,\ 7
17- y:'y-;;n:,Speciai price ;.y'.^v;v^:;^y;".';..H7. ;•#& I; y]
'. .>•'<*■$*■ ^.^".still needing a Coafedon't overlook  2 •
7;.;'.",' our Special Vienna Tweed at Jl2?00; 7a Coat forthe'f
••"";-. most-severe, weather. --'.v"e>-'.!--  \--".~'.:- .       --VS
Souvenirsjof B. c7and;Cknada;!artistic designsr]
H© was brought before^a^ Democrat
judge.; ; The judge; a^k«d"7ilim'7if!"'n©
A man wont hunting with tho object ln vlow of supplying-his* need
with a fur overcoat,
At tho samo time a bear wont hunting with the object' in -view of supply-
Ing hla nood, a square meal,
Thoy met and! each secured that for
which he wns ldoWng7
Wo may prosumo that tho boar
would consider thoir Interests to havo
been Identical, since each wanted that
which-tho othervcould supply nnd bach
could supply that which tho othor
wanted.—Ex.   ':      r    ' ■ ,
(Ed.—Wo presume the mnn had "In-
sldo" Information.)
ny,T.X). Bontnll
Jim Patrick vmh a stubborn
li' '.  ' ..-"u'-'t '
''ftDf. ''";*,
Friend Uwery: Tho bull dor cut
wk*'cremated Ansiist i»t, 19ns, hut by
lho imperbumsn efforts of a well-
known and rfipectsblo citfsen (si-
though llkowiw * comp) whoso mod'
eity precludes .mentioning bis nsmo,
N*UI« and nuster w«r« t*T«d *n4 h*r*
bar* tho Dlsssure to msklnsr tholr Mw
to the patue-Bow! wow!   '
mnn nnd would, not llston to reason
from anybody.'. ■  ,
Ho wnB a Ropubllcnn and boasted
of It, Ills faith In his party was almost sublime, f '
Jim was a worker and, earned his
broad honestly. Ho was very much
llko tho other' workers In tho shop,
contented ns Jong as that was possible.
Jim wns not n loader nnd yot ho
always took art Intorost In public matters and iibWjfftllod lo go to tho polls
on election day, '
It was during- thoj campaign that the
puiiut-ians came around to tho shop Uioorayi
i.'.'J   liiiXvl  iii  "Will   (O   %\liO   for  (In)  ItU'itAiAja'Ai'
had-not-read the Injunction and "if he
did not-know that. lt-rwas'a^crime to
strike*.' / '■ '• ,""* •'' i/', <■«'■-' "}' --._-. '
, Jim said' the workers - have some
rights, but was told'to "shut":up,'and
was sentenced to pay $100 fine ,'and
serve three mon fib's, in'Jail..- -, Other
strikers werejiiso,arrested on trumped-up .charges. ,' ', •' y '•'
," It'"was then that Jim. began' to
think about what th,o,mdn at thb gato
had said. ,- ..' ' &' b.'.
, When ho got out of Jail ho found the
strike broken. ' Dolan nnd Hamlin
were, running,their shop.on the, cut
wage. Tho strlko had boon lost,because Jim's Republican judge and "the
other men's .Democratic judges had
nil stood with polan and Hffmlln^and,
against tho workers'Just as tho speaker at tho gate had, said.      ' .'!
Jim hunted up his shopmatb," who
had Invited.him to.hear tbo apeakor
nnd asked: '
"ToJI moj Georgo, who (, was", tha,t
spoakor at tho gate that .day before
election?"        - * ..   ., (. . "   ■
"O, that was a Socialist'who told
us that If wo want justice for thb.
workers wo, must elect .working-class
Judges."      ,,-. ,       '
After that Jim quit tho Republican
party and voted thb Socialist ticket.
Doing blacklisted, he had to .-"novo.
Ho Is now. In a city where thorb are
Socialist judges who ho, helped to
oloct.. '.'','■",
And his now Judges never. Issue
any Injunctions against tlio" workers,
nor do they send them to Jail whon
thoy strlko for better wages and work*
lng conditions. .,,
(13d.—Roadors, ploaso noto this Is
a story of tho United States and not
Canada, and shows the workors what
might happen to thorn If Champ Clark
was mado president of tho "glorious
republic" to tho south of us wltlrhls
annexation bug to bo made nn accomplished fact. Romombor, throughout
this broad Dominion wo havo Prosperity nnd Protection. Hip! Hip!
Hon t ask wno "we" ts as,,
aw   uot   Unidr
•'"7>"V; y.v-«  -  >.r ^-5 . ;.=.,•   '.■■-y;yf¥\ wu-l'.v..
Judges—somo ,'Kopubllcans and some Fernio.)
♦ ♦♦♦£♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Wc represent 24 of the strongest Board
Insurance Companies now in existence
For rates and particulars apf>iy
Union Land Company,N^
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦,♦♦♦
) 7yM6tel-y :
': Mrs. S. .Jennings,'Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
;   Hot and Coid Water
..    Electrlo Lighted       ' *
;-.     8tesrh Heatedt'-'" •'>
'Phono In .every,, room.
8ample Rooms on Main
-  Business Street,   ,
K Meal Tickets, $&00
Spcolal Rates by the week and
!_! the month and to Theatrical par-
,i ties.  Try our- ,• ;
Special -Sunday
, ; Dinner 50c
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks,
Wo beg to announce that for
the present wo are removing ou?r>
stock from the Victoria Avenuo
premises to the'old stand on,
Pellatt Avenue, and thoro hope
to meet all our customers. >'
By a strict adherence to bus!-
noss wo trust to merit a continuance of your valued patronage.
Fernie Home Bakery
" ff*/^nt%\i*.mA   *$rt
and Sale Stables
First qlasa Horses for 8«lo.
George1 Barton,   Phone 78
Here it is, Waiting for 0
, HOUSEKEEPER, experienced, middle-aged, reliable, Scotch, first-class re>.
ferences,' seeks 'situation with miners.
Distance from- rail no objection, 'Ap**
Ply, Miss Bertram,, Y.W. C. A,, 12th,
Avonue, Calgary, Alta.   . l2-8tp
TAXIDERMYr-For first-class taxf>
dermy work, mounting anything from a
shako to an elephant, cnll or write, C.
Reeco, P..O>Dox O.West Fornlo ,
- Im,-n.p,:
FOR BALE-^At a bargain? a brand
new Dlcyclo; English' make, never
rodo on! Apply, Wm/Barton, Pellatt
Avenue.  '!;'       ' >    .,' .o-tj
FOR SALE—Subjoct to short lease,
Houso'and Lot corner Rlvorbank Avo,"'
and Prior Street. Apply to L, P, Eck*
stein. ,       •
pedigree Alrdale Bitch.    Any infor-
matlon loading' to the roeovery of
samo will be appreciated by W. Par*
mil, West Fernie.
FOUND—In the Annex,' black Tony,
white spot on forehead, Owner can
obtain possession upon payment ot
hl**Vwin snd \hn onnr nf'ni1w'»H«i1nr»
Apply Fernio Co-operative.'
WANTED position aa Housekeeper
to working man or general house
work.    Apply, Miss Bhaw, Box, 870.
•TJtni or Ohio, cm Of TOUM, t „
rune /. cmm*t ***** ««th ttMi u h »«iw
mm*r #f ih# nm of T. ,1. ni*^»r * m„ rfumf
IniitnM* Ifl lh» (Mi fit TrtKlo, tVRtni* t»& hi
tfOIMMliL iMIkt'SSta WW IMP Ifc* MM
auu,<S OiltAMM iXtK-
to K» Aif M DMNMnr. JL II. »M, _
X«*m rciue.
_ «UW* OtUnk Otr* m turn tutiuHr *»* un
nmi Utt tmlmmlMtt. tni.
 v. j. yju-J'^ *■ cu. To*** a
$ati by tfl r>
i**i~~~^**aH!mmM*»m^^ .,,
'yyomtt* S


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