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The District Ledger Nov 23, 1912

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i   > Industrial-Unity is Strength.
. v.
<•-.   ■ -
•No. 14, Vol. VI.
#.yF! c^XLX;Rejectss
Industrial Unionism
' V v- . :■ • 'r
:7  ; The Official Organ of District No. 18, U. M. W. of A.
$1.00 A YEAR.
"S ■
Sbcialisfn a Big Factor at Conven-
Hon— Workers Will Not Permit
War—Educational Facilities
x    The   Industrial   Workers   of   the lion.   "" It  recites that" Ihe-; printers'
J World were,the object"of a bitter at- organization has'held this jurisdiction
1 ? '    .. ^
H.«. v-
y tack In the report of the .Federation
Executive Committee. The remarks
of the committee were. directed against the "policy of misrepresentation"
■ pursued by the Industrial Workers of
thej World  in  their public attitude
, toward the American Federation of
3   'y. The report, which' was lengthy and
amplified-with details tbe records con-
'/ tained ,in the1 reports of the,/president
,. and secretary declared „ that the I.' W.
- ■' W. was charging'that the federation
77, is unyielding and autocratic, and has
., ^therefore failed to keep pace ,with de-
-, yelopment in ttie" world of labor. •
'     Instead,, the' Executive   .Committee
claimed, the methods of. the. federation are constantly changing to meet
' a modern, conditions.    -Instead of-op-
'posing industrial   uionism - as   such,
,    , as is charged! by the, I. -W. W., the
Executive    Committee   declares  the
real spirit of industrial   unionism   is
1 invoked by the federation,   and ' all
v -that .is best in'it has been used by
, -)_the affiliated unions in the.past and
' * is being used in the present. ..
■*•■. "There^must, howevery' says   the
'   'report,' "be some degree of discipline-
_, for. the progressive and orderly conduct of trade unions.-.  We must de-
.".clare.'in.'unmistakable terms .that it"
.- - v,xjs, the moral duty of all of "our'organ-
, '. izations to ilve~up to our agreements
I   " and. respect,.all decrees of=the.federa-
- ,. .-.tion as -a whole and its affiliated, or-
^y^**g_.nlzatIo__s?-'~"    "y~~,    . '   .,     , ,-7   '
for years and has made no effort to
organize these men,,and it demands
that organizers' be put on the job at
once or other organizers will be put
out b>; the federation and the job taken out of. President Lynch's. handB.
He is also ordered to issue charters
to , an independent union ~ at Butte,
Montv-which he, has failed to""charter
and to such other unions as may be
organized and demand them. S
. Resolutions adopted condemned the
so-called "Baldwin detectives," used'to
break strikes'in1 West Virginia;- favored the development of state universities along the Wisconsin extension
plan: commended the movement of
wider use of school buildings and urged tlieir use for labor meetings; commanded the, work of the' national conservation congress and approved the
participation'by officers of the federation in its proceedings.   . '
, Delegate Egan of' Ohio ■ Federation
of Labor, wants uniform labor legislation in the "various states and asks
that, the incoming executive council
consider this question." Stephen-C.
Sumner of tbe Illinois.. Federation;
aims a shot at the school book trust
in a resolution.for the standardization
of ecbools.;     ',   -   -     •        '   - -
' Delegate Scharrenberg also assailed
the present method of American UDi-
veisities in confining educational work
to ihe "comparatively few who  are
able' to give \their7entir_---ti_ne--to_.ac-
this minoi'lty'report and the 5925 for it.'
After the minority report -had been
defeated the majority'report'in favor
of the continuance" of trade autonomy
was adopted by acclamation. .'■ »
The, first test- of strength between
che radical and conservative wings
and the number of votes polled by the
radicals' was slightly under their advance estimates. ,.The',vote of the
United Mine Workers (2,670) and the
Western Federation of Miners (506)
was cast entirely for the minority re-
pivrr. Among groups that lined up
with the radical wing were the bakers
and confectioners, iron' and steel and
tin workers, printing pressman, railway carmen and journeymen tailors.
The debate preceding the vote is said
tr. have been one of the most spirltcl
that ever took place In a Federation
'ROCHESTER, N. Y„ Nov. 20.—
Speaking at'&.banquet to the British
and Canadian delegates to the American Federation of ..-Labor here, last
night, President Gompers said:'. "If
war should' come between any great
nations tbe trade unionists of the
world would refuse to supply provisions , and munitions of war, thus
bringing,it to an immediate end." '
'.-..Four questions of vital importance
to the future of organized labor are
-. occupying the attention of the conv'en-
,tion.    'All will be disposed of^befbre'
- the", convention ^finally ■ adjourns, but
* it;^mB"certafn'"tliat'^''brisk'' contest'
will precede "a definite decision'-' In
order .the problems, to be met are: "
Complete organization of the plants
of the great steercorporatlons, including .tho^JJnlted States Steely Corporation.
- Continuation of-the struggle to uni
ionize the-metal trades on-tho,Pacific
i coast and to unionize all..Lob Angeles
- industries. -;
- .To define methods to be pursued ln
dealing witli the Industrial Workers
of the World,' where tho intorosts of
the two organizations clash.
, All day Wodnesdny speakers ar-,
rajgnod the Sherman law as a menace
to tho right of tho workers. , On
this point there was agreemont but a
difference of opinion arose as to t]io
best means to combat tho lnw. President Gomporu and othor mombors
• of the oxocutivo hold that the romody
lay In tho oloctlon of labor mon of
whatever political affiliation to Con-
grosB and agitation within tho law
by tlmo honored union mothods. What
ovor moans Is omployod, It Ib tho con-
_ vontlons Intention that tho law must
In tho words of Prosldont Qompors,
"be anion dod or endod."
Tho   International    Typographical
' Union Is ordorod to proceed nt onco to
organize tlio nows wrltorH of Amorica
. or fiiuroutler tho jurlRdlctlon it haB
hold ovor thorn for yoars in a resolution presented by Jamos P. Holland
of Now York Contra! Fodoratod un-
auiiing an education.'! He -introduced-a "resolution indorsing.tlie Wl_scon-
sinci-!_.n whereby the'workers are.en-
al-.led' to ^receive a general practical
education, and calling upon the federa,-
t'( n to" work for changes' In all State
owne'dunlversltle's to'"bring'them, '.ctos
er to the-heeds'-Of the working people." y'" t 7," -."'"'
'.Tlfe' Industrial Workers' leaders, Vincent St. Jolni, William D. Haywood
and others, are bitterly opposed to the
federetlon and denounce It at every
opportunity. , ' ' '' y
,, The opposition to the present administration is desirous of running ,T.
P. AVhite, president of the Unltod Mlno
Workers, for socond vice-president.
Up to the present, Whlto has not con;
sentod to make the race. It seemed
likely today tliat tho candldato of the
Socialists, would bo Duncan McDonald
of tho United Mino Workers, Tho
leaders of the opposition to Gompors
wore seeking McDonald's support, bnt
whether thoy succeeded In drafting
him will- not bo roVenlod until tho
election is reached next woek,
ROCHESTER, N.V„ Nov. 20.~-Aftor
a dobnto that lasted all day,, members of tho radical wing of tlie Amorlcnn Fodoratlon. of Labor woro do-
foatod by a voto of noarly two to ono
iri their attempt to havo tho Federation adopt tho principle of Industrial unionism In plnco of Its policy of
trade autonomy. Two hundred nnd
forty nlno dologatoB voted against tho
minority roport of tho < commlttoo on
oducntlon, which fnvorod the prlnclplo
of Industrial unionism nnd 142 voted
In JtB favor. Tho voting strong..!
of tho commlttoo based on member-
ship It roprosontod, wont 10,083 against
Successful Candidates
In B.C. Mining Exams
^ _
-List bf successful candidates at examinations held under the B. C. Coal
Mines Regulation, Act, at Nanaimo,
Fernie, Cumberland and Merritt, B. C,
October 29, 30, and 31, 1912.
•-       . . -
First Class     ^ ■>
Edward Willey, Fernie. -    '
' Andrew Millar, Blairmore,
James Dickson, Nanaimo. ,
Francis Glover,  Ladysmith.
.Wm. J. Mazy, Coal Creek.   ' •   ,    0"
-■ Arthur Phelan, Vancouver.
"   ">     Second ClaBS '     (  .
■M. W. Garman, Nanaimo. *
Martin McGarry, Bellevue, Alta...
Mathiew Littler, Michel. ,;  -
David Shanks, Coal Creek.
J. R. Kirkwood, Middlesboro/
Richard Garbett, Corbln.    ■
Alex.- Dewar, Cumberland.
Wm. Whiteliouse," Michel.
• ,• i."._...   Third. Claes ,.-,•'- ■ -•
Thomas J.: Wood, Nanaimo.
Thomas Rowbottom, Merritt.
Edward McMillan, Cumberland.
Thomas Bann, Coal Creek.,,
Robert Fowler," Hosmer.
James Walker, Coal Creek.
Peter Carr, Cumberland. ,
Robert Oakes, Michel.
Jamos White, Fernie.
Alex. Rowan, Nanaimo.'
James Maltraan, Hosmer.   ,
Damage suits, numbering seven,
have been instituted in both the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia and the
Circuit Court of the county of Kanawha against officials and others connected .with the' United Mine Workers
of America by coal operating companies of Kanawha District No. 17. The
plaintiff   companies- and   respective
claims for damages are as follows:
Cabin.Creek Consolidated Colilerles
Company, $250,000:      f
Carbon Coal Company, $100,000.
West, Virginia-. Collieries Company;
$100,000! y
Wyatt Coal Company, $100,000. •■ ■
Republic CoarCompany, $100,000.
Coalburg Colliery Company, $50,000!
-The defendants named in the suits
brought in the Federal Court are nonresident, members of the United Mine
Workers of America, viz:
A. Rl Watklns and Marco Roman of
Ohio.   ';
John P.- White, Edwin Perry, and G.
H. Edmonds of Iowa..
Frank J7 Hayes and D. Davis and
Charles Vannatta of Illinois.    '
- William Diamond and Robert Gaff-
ney of Indiana.,
Charles Batley and D.-A. Frampton'
of Missouri.      . '.     '. *
The defendants'named by the same
plaintiffs in the same styled cases for
similar.,"amounts ,in the Circuit - Court-
are Thomas,'Cairns, C. C. Griff its, B.
F. Morris,.Charles S. Boswell, Thos.
L. Tincher^ Wilbur Halstead,' Andrew.
"Williams, D. W. Williams, S. F. Nantz
and T. C. Blizzard of West Virginia..-
local law firm of Brown, Jackson and
Knight, .contend that they have been
damaged', iri the amounts claimed
through the rilanipulations of the defendants during the progress,, of the
present strike _a,nde,the -v&y$ndjng d<j-.
struction of property 'owned by the
coal companies that have been suffering through the strike, destruction of
property, the loss of business and intimidation of workmen.—U. M. W. of
A. Journal. „
were present including many "well
known mining experts of this province
and British Columbia. - Samuel Shone
of' Bellevue spoke at length on the
use of explosives in coal mines while
the use of gasoline locomotives in coal
mlneB waB the subject of an address
by A. P. Rottleur, of Frank, B. C.
W. D.( L. Hardie then read an address on "Gases in the Gait Coal
Fields," which was greatly appreciated!
,W. R. WlIson\ of the Crow's Nest
Coal Co., Fernie, who acted as chairman, intimated that threo prizes
would be given out.by the association
for the three best papers on Haulage,
Ventilation and Gases. '
The next meeting of- the Institute
will be held ln Fernie, B. ft, in March
and a committee composed of Messrs.
Whiteside, Reld and Stirling was formed to arrange all details for the next
session. Today the members of the
institute will inspect the new rescue
home at No.,6 mine and'also visit min-'
es in the vicinity.
Those present at the meetings yesterday were:, r1 ,
Johri Stirling, of Edmonton, Secretary of the-institute; Lewis Stockett;
O. E. Whiteside, D. G. Wilson; James
Flnlayson, Sam Jones, John C.» Reld,
w! D. L Hardle, Robert Livingstone, A.
W. Barnes, W.'L. Hamilton,. Francis
Aspinall and others.
Ettor and, Giovannitti
On Stand at Last
Preached Against  Violence— "To
Destroy Will Gain Nothing''
Counsel Summing U<p
Slav Miner Dies
of His Injuries
James Blair, Merritt..
Robert Potter, Northfleld.,
James Wardrop, Hosmer.
James Gemmel, Morrltt.
Edward Royle, Mlchol.
John Thomson, Cumberland.
John Iroson, CQrbln.   .,
Edward Griffith, Pernio.
Thomas Hartley, Morrltt.
Georgo Elmos, Michel,
W. B. Powell in Charge
of Alberta Rescue Station
Cents a Week
Considered Good Pay
LONDON. Nov. 18,—Bxtrnordloary J   This testimony, which mot with n
Vrvo!M(Pr.; err.fCT.-.!?.- U,v t-*«:_i|,_» ul noaiiiu reception from tho trado union-
(hu ut tho Inquiry, was hardly sub*
tantlatod by a director of a limited
wnm«m worttrrt. In .1\r« pr<>nt li._l.ifltr_.il
centb of UlrmlnBham hnvo been made
by tho govornmont Inquiry hold In con-
nootlon with tho apodal order At the
Inclusion of married womon within tho
pnnfninflty prnvl«lf»»i» *f ♦*'" ?*;m\"_?,,:cc
act, omployem thouaulvoi testified
that women engaged st homo in hook
and oyo carding and tlmllar work often
OArned only two coats an hour, whllo
nmy of thorn ovon hy working fifty-
four houri a woelc could not earn moro
than a dollar ft weok. A roprcventa-
tlvo of the nifmingharo chamber of
commorco said that a carder of hooki.
and «y«a might reasonably expect to
earn 13.25 a week If aha worked Dtie
whole week, while large aums might
ho oarnod at carding mlacollaneoua
gooda. Yheae, ho added, were entirely nnti-ciMftri worker* nnd a child could
do tho work.
company, who aaid that of tho 270 womon out-workora omployod by Mb firm,
weok, 35 por cont undor 50 conts n
wook, 21 per cont under 75 cents, 13
por cant undor $1, and 7 por cent
undor fl.i.6, 2 per cont undor fl.60,
and i por cont undor $1.75. Tho
hlghost prlco thoy raid for rardlnff
waa SO conta J>er groat grow jmd tho
lowest 10 rents pur ttrent trrnnn
Mrs. Pnrrlngton, a contractor for
carding, aa(d that tho moat Industrious of lho carders did not earn mora
than a dollar weekly, even If they
worked 54 hours a we_>k. and Mrs Scott
anothor employer, aald an av«ras«>
workor could not earn moro than two
conts an honr.
LJ3TIIBRIDGE, Nov. 18.—Commencing on Monday tho mlno ^rescue Btn-
tlon Installed during the summer by
the provincial government for tho pur-
pc so of giving aid In case of mlno ac-
uli. _• lb In tlilM dlHtrlut, will bo opon.
Tho station horo will bo in. charge of
W. I). Powoll, until last wlntor presl;
dont of tho Unltod Mlno Workors of
Amorica, District No. IS,
Mr, Powoll nrrlvod In tho olty n
couplo of dnys ago from his homo In
Colainan. IIo la accompanied by his
wlfo and family, nnd will tnko'up his
rosldonco horo.
During (ho summer Mr, Powoll
mndo hlmsolf acquainted with thc
worklngR af such a station, , nnd his
long oxporlonco In tho. mining busl-
! noBB, both In tlio Old Country and In
tho Soutliorn Alborta fields, makes
htm well flttod for tho Iniportnt position which ho Is nbout to undortako.
Tho station horo Is oqulppod with
tho FliioBn roscuo apparatus. Dy
menus of theso appllancos, a minor
will bo nhlo to miter n mln* tn thn
faco of tho worst gas n.nd bring'nut
minors ovurcomo by tho fumes, Tho
station is equipped with tho latest
mlno rescue appliances which havo
dono efficient sorvlco In Uormnny, nnd
Mr. Powell says the government has
vimHiriiition a great work in Installing
tliem through tho Alborta mining districts, whoro four hnvo boon placed.
Tno station, whllo In charge of ono
man, Is l:t reality manned hy a numbor of minors who aro nl! taught thn
principal? of rescue work. At UIU-
brldgo thoro will bo about -10 in tlio
^Irtflfl. Cinaacs will uUo bu iimUui.lwl
by Mr, Powell at Taber and other
coal centre*. Tho possibility of sr-
cidonta in tho mlnos nt this end or
tho dlatrlet Is amall, as thero Ib very
little gas, and the mine* ws tnodi'tn
th frcry T~Kpix>t, finf, (h'i jyjHU-iucut
conalderej' it wise to placs a plant
CRANBROOK, B.C., Nov. 20.—As a
result of a bullet through his head, F.
Smith, a Scotchman, under thirty yoars
of age, lies In the St,' Eugono Hospital at the point of death. < It Is supposed ho shot himself, though Chlof of
Police Don has placed his two roommates, Orkney and Griggs, who woro
with nlm it tho time, under nrrosl.
The shooting tooVc place about 11
o'clock this morning In tho pnrlor
of the Imperial Hotel.
The threov men who had only arrived In town Montlny from tho lumbor
camps at Mnyook, appeared to bo Intoxicated this morning/ Ono of tho
trio hnd been playing the piano and
singing when Smith Is Bald to havo
put tho revolver to ills head, counted
ono, two, throo and fired.
It Is also stated that Smith tried
to sell tho weapon nt tho' Cranbrook
exchange oarly In tho morning, but
that his coinpiinlouH porsunded hlin not
to do BO.
LETHBRIDGE, Nov. 19.—Leon Syn-
iuk, a Slav miner, employed at No. 6
mine died yesterday morning as the
result of horrible injuries which, he
had received Saturday] while at work
in the mine. .The mounted police
were notified of the death yesterday,
and a coroner's inquest will be held
ovor the remains today.
Syniuk was employed in the mine
and ih some way he managed to get
tangled up in the machinery. In a
horrible mangled condition he was
rifsiiea'to'thVhbspftaTartd although all
that medical aid could accomplish was
done tho man expired.
' Syniuk resided at tho corner of
Fourth Avenue and 16th street, and
had been employed at the mine for
some time. The authorities nave not
yet ascertained how the accident occurred as the matter was not reported
until the unfortunate miner had succumbed to his Injuries.
At the Inquest today a verdict of
accidental death was returned. It
sooms that the doccased sustained his
Injuries as tho result of a panic cans-
od by his becoming excited over tho
runaway of four cars In splto of which
seven oprogs wore put through tho
wheels to prevent tho cars skidding
down the Incline. - The doconsod In
endeavoring to save lho property of
tho company was In somo unaccountable manner caught between tho enrs
nnd frightfully mangled. IIo resided
nt ICth street north and Is survived
by a widow,
Ettor and Glovannittl are at laat,glv-1
en a chance to testify on the witness
J. J. Ettor described the events of
January 20, when the strikers pftrad-,
ed. Ho declared that he urged that
there bo no. violence; that he said,
"We will march away from the mills."
He also told how, during the parade,
he headed off a detachment which was
marching toward the place where soldiers were stationed.
"Tliere was danger of disturbance
with the soldiers," he said. "I stood
between the soldiers and the head of
the parade. I held up my arms ana
hat and swung the mnrchefs away
from the soldiers."     ■
Ettor said he told the strikers not to
provoke trouble and not to let themselves be provoked into trouble. He
said: "I told them I was morally certain that the attacks-upon the street
cars were carried out by direction of
the mill owners to brovoke trouble. In
support of that I cited many strikes in
which employers actually destroyed
their own property^ to discredit the
strikers and gain military interference
to break the strike." -
The Commonwealth produced a circular signed by Ettor and Giovannitti
advising the strikers' to "knock down
the stairs" persons who urged them
to return to work, and to "break their
"The first time I saw that circular^
".was when It was
Nice Job for Sir Richard
""    " Ir
Dome Mlns Worked by Strike-Breaker*
«       —Special Police on Guard
..SOUTH POUCUl'JNI'-. Ont., Nov. 10.
-"-Minors aro leaving horo In largo
nnmbors, In ono day ffi.OOO wuh
drawn out of tho BnvlngB account In
ono hank, Theso aro nil .Cnglish-
speaking mon and the camp will soon
bo doplotod of nearly all bul foreign
Tho Dome iiihIiciI In a trnlnlond of
strike breakers In tho doad of night
nnd will now bo nblo to maintain operations for some time, A fow men
nro dribbling back everv dnv whon
thoy lienr that thoro Ir ample police
protection. Tlio Uomo has nbout
thirty special pollco and tho property
Is closf-ly watched. Tho union Is
t-losoly picketing nil lho romls, and
men who uro* merely ongagod In n«-
WiUHiiicnt work in outlying prospects
nm stopped and persuaded not to go
bnck to work.
Mining Institute
Next in Fernie
1>«-It1cdly Interesting p«per» were
rend nt tlia annual rtlcotliig of the
Itorky Mountain hmnch of tlio Cun-
VANCOUVEIt, Nov. 18.—Ih Sir Woh-
lm I'd Mcllrldo nn aspirant for tho Cnn-
ndlnn high commlBBlonorshlp in London?
Tlmt Ib tho Bomewhat surprising
rumor thnt Is boing circulated in the
cnpltnl, according to reports omnnnt-
lng from well-Informed government
circles In Victoria.
A numbor of clrciimHtnnoiiH hnvo
nrlHou of late to suggest tho Idea that
Ilrltlsli Columbia's plcturesquo premier
is on tho lookout for a high, Oiy haven
of refuge ngnln»t tho day of doltigo.
It Is a saro bot that Sir Richard will
not bo around when thn time of reckoning comen, Tlo has bunked too lung
lu tlio Biinshlnn of Fortuno'ii mnlle fd
reconcile himself to lending nn oppoBl-
'.,..,,   ....2   7-.j.,ih   jmUi.U   .iUtllO        UIU
^rn'nftHe IrHl-ir.!. v-nulil ich_! ua.ihi-.l
filling a Bop.indnry role with Homebody
duo Illuminated by tho full glnro of
the calcium.
Circumstanced surrounding thn trip
tf,   Pnrntin   !•••■•    ■;'."."_,.__.-.    •     .      «!■>..»!
cunt. Although ostensibly ho Journeyed to tho gront motropollB to sottlo dlf-
foronccB botweon,tho llritlsh Columbia
(Clectrlc Hallway Company nnd municipalities on tho mainland, In which ho
woefully failed, nobody Imagined thnt
t us was hla real mlaulan. Tlm "blush,
lng ribbon" ho wenrB on apodal orrn-
dlona RUggeita anotlx-r nbjwi, hut
Canadian knighthoods bloiiom at Or-
i;iv.a and not London hecauao tboy are
only l)p»iowed upon the recommendation of the Governor-General. It In
iM-ll.vPd that 8lr Richard was merely
the witness said,
produced In court."
Destruction Cannot Bring Results
"A program of destruction cannot
bring results," declared Ettor. "Therefore I bar it from ray program in striving, for the fulfillment of. my . social,
ideas, I am a member of the I. W. W.
because of those ideas. I am .1 Socialist politically. I am not an anarchist. '
"Anarchy ls the' philosophy of individuals; I W. W.ism Is tho philosophy
of collectivism.".
'You said In one speech that 'the capitalists had control of the city officials,
tho police and the mllltla,' didn't you ?.'
District Attorney Attwill askod Ettor.
"Yes; I did," immediately answered
"You referred to.the Constitution ns
'their Conslltutlon'?"
"And you aro familiar with the Constitution nnd American history?"
"Yob, It wns bocnuso of my knowledge that I stated lt was the capitalists' Constitution," Ettor retorted.
"You look upon ovorybody connected with Hie mllltnry or pollco ns representing tho armed forces of the
"You looked upon tlio courts as re-
presenting cnpllallsni?" emphasized
"In a wny, ycB," replied Ettor, unflinchingly.
"And you pointed thlB out to tho
utrlltcrs, didn't you?"
"Yon, whon It was neccBsary."
"You found It neccflsary Quito often?"
"Yes, qulto ofton," snld Ettor.
Art uro Glovannittl, the young Soclnl
lst writer and  poet, faced the jury,
despite the absence of his personal
counsel, W. • Scott Peters.     He said
after having affirmed to tell the truth,
that he was born in Italy 28 years ago,
the son of a 'chemist, and was educated there.    Coming to America, he lived for some time at Halifax and Montreal.    "Whilst studying   English '.at
Montreal he conducted an Italian Presbyterian Mission, after which he entered a Presbyterian theological school.
He afterwards - took charge of a mission In Brooklyn and conducted    an
Italian mission at 'Pittsburg.     There
he became connected with the Socialist
Par.ty; but people of the Presbyterian
Church objected.   , "I told them," he
said, "I did not think the teachings of
Cm 1st and Socialism were antagonistic, but I severed my connection with
thr church."    Returning to New York
in 1911 he look up Italian newspaper
woik and met Ettor.     He went to
Lawrence January 20tlf last after the
strike was called, and before going
there learned the mllltla had been called, 'that there was a'feellng that Ettor
should leave the town, ,and also that
the stations were being watched for
outside agitators.      '
(Special to th'e  District Ledger)',
LATEST    , ,   ' ,
SALEM, Nov.-21.—Suffering from a
little hoarseness, John P. S. Mahoney
this morning resumed "his closing ar-'
gumentto the jury on behalf of Joseph;
J. Ettor. charged with Arturo-GlQvJin_-l-7-_
nitti as an accessory hefore the fact -
of the murder of Anna Lopizzo.   - The
trial has been so long, that'the jury
shows signs of wearing. ^  Foreman
Franklin lounges in his chair sometimes sliding down so far that his head"
rests.on the chair back.',.'       - '   '-.
, One would almoRt say. that they hk&>
already reached tholr conclusion and
wore merely enduring tho summing up
of the attorneys.'
After, a short recess Attorney W.
Scott Peters, representing Glovannittl,
began the final argument for the defense. He appealed to tho jury to
consider tho lives of the defendants as
being In the balance In this caso, and
thon said:
"Have you discovered what is really on trial here? It Is the result of a
struggle between capital and labor.
You muBt realize that the evidence of
one side or the othor has been glvon
from tho viewpoint of persons sympathetic townrda ono Bide or tho othor •
and quite unconsciously will hnvo a
slant for or against, ub your own sympathies He."
(Special to the District Ledger)
WATiailTOWN, Mobb.,> Nov,   21.—
Fifty policemen stood on guard  all
day outBldo Hood Rubber Company factory gates lo avert any posslblo iron-
bio In tlto strlko thero thnt has already
caused tho murder of Frank C. Erllo
and Injury to mnny persons.    Ycfltor-
day nn nttompt was mado to blow up
tho factories, when tho pollco found n
bomb near tho buildings.   Of the <ir_00
operatives omployod nt tho TTood Company nbout 1,000 nro still out,   Many
I. W. \V, mombora woro admitted todny, picked by foronion from among
tho waiting crowds who woro willing
to return to work.
Colored Man Runs
Amuck at Coal Creek
tm tiuiwlJiy evening Inst, about    si|nt tbe cnnBtnlilo      OroMi rim do-Mi
wViWi., .t uiioruil mnn, named Arthur  the track, followed by a crowd.     Ilo
fiUM'ii, uiu) rculdeii fn «Sluv Town,
walked Into the Club hotiho and demanded n drink. In uio doorway ho
wnB challenged by tho Janitor, who
.v.urA.u nun mil unite on the ground
thnt ho was not a mombor of tlio club,
but Ureen brushed him aside. On
bolng told by tho bartender that lie
could not bo supplied, ho got unruly
nnd nftor using nomo cholcn language
ho lilt n m*»mh<»r nn fit* Jaw.     Fnime
got (0 his ntiodo whoro ho barricaded
liliiiHolf nud Blurted a wild fiiHllndu
therefrom. Tho city pollco woro calV
erl for nnd tlt<"V tnt-nfli-it* «-im, ""•>;•;
man unit otliei'K, kept a closo watch
on tho houso throughout tho night.
At 7 tho following morning Constable
I.onrdmau tapped nl tbo door nnd do-
mnndod hla surrender, which Green
agreed to, It would appear that
Clrci.n v-art ilniiik v.h_'H hu nrrlvod at
Julian Mining JnntUute held yesterday 1 .     ... ._ _  ......        	
af'-muici. auJ fc^iuhm <.. ihe A. H. ami tlooking over the high rommI_»Ioncr- and on hi. arrival ordered him to sur»!
I. library, Lethbridge.
chip at abort range to satisfy hliiwlf
About 20 mni«b<-rs of the .nutl-Uin ifli'it it wns the most, doalruble haven.
illatoly somo of thoao prosont huitlod j llio club.    He hna been In ramp some
*!x uuiutlin, nm) Is little known. H«
appeared before the maglutrato on'
Monday nnd waa committed for trial,
wjilrb will tnko place next Monday.
Blnnn is progressing favorably.
Tbe Coal Creek Club f« run on atrict*
ty -lub Uut.*. MiiuiberM nr« enjoined
to keep order, ami any contravention
In this renpeet moans -Wupcnitton and
and In two inftatif<s mean, enpulslon.
h'm nut nf iho pl.ve ffr- soon nude
his appenr/inco again, draw lit* revolver and fired point blank at Wm.
{.loan, who made for blm. The bullet struck him in the niimelfl of the
arm. snd he !#-now In the hospllai.
Conslnble JV.»rr?man n.n cfltlcd f.ir
• I
-   At
\'   11
- i
-■ '•'. wl
_ '"M
i     .-<■ •■a-r'|
render, arid tho demand was m«t liy
the a_1uil8.it wiih a few revolver shots
«•   y -1.7?
t',t -
»<<-_~.i.'■ ■ <„ ^ii..j.ry.-.^»»y-,US.^j^|. <H^*"'-< w^,.iMjim,.-^gi*rtMiH,^.y.''.ff'^ V
'^'■'"'r.-'V'i" t1'.]. .-''   '^.-"'.'■{,--''.v'".^". ,^-j. ■u^'j;."v,'.-'^__'u"-'..'\.' a! \ '^--v.-^—'__■"-:£_.J:*1."*^->      ».? V-.  fs\ - *'-'•
■>. yl
,*-.'-;\v"\ ■-_
FERNIE to TORONTO and Return $67.15
FERNIE to MONTREAL arid Return ; .....$72.15
Corresponding low rates to points in Ontario, Quebec and Maritime
' Provinces ' ■
Tickets on Sale December 1st to 31st, inclusive. Good to return
within three months,   LIBERAL EXTENSION PRIVILEGES.
Tickets issued in connection with Trans-Atlantic trips on sale Nov.
7th to Dec' 31st inclusive, and limited to five months from date of
issue, with privileges of ex:ension.
For full information', rail and steamship tickets, apply to
R. READING, Agent, EJernie, B.C.; or write to R. G. McNELLIE,
District Passenger Agent, Calgary, Alta..
Head Office
(i.ivrr.vi. Paid lie ,$3,000,000
KUSKUVK AM> UXMVIDKD I'llOKlTP      3,500,000
ToT.U. At*r<KTS over 45,000,000
Just as a successtui merchant makes every
effort to give his customers courteous, efficient attention, so do the officers of the Bank
of Hamilton endeavor to render to depositors
every servise consistent with conservative
banking practice.
No( deposit is too small to assure the depositor considerate treatment—the savings
accounts of thoso in moderate circumstances'
are .welcomed with courtesy, and with, absence of unduejormality which makes bank-.
,ing a convenience and a pleasure.
F. B. Roberts, Agent
Next to Fernie Hotel
from $15.00 to $50.00
■   °   ." / and
Head Off That Cold
pjghts by fighting a cold with tlie proper weapon.'
The best way to headoffr a cold and overcome it,
is by taking .
Laxative Bromide Quinine Tablets
The handy and convenient form in which these
tablets arc inadc render them pleasant to take and
effective in results. Fifty chocolate-coated tablets in each.box. Will break up a cold ih less than
2-1 hours. 25c. per Box.
Grocer   ,
Wo* curry h full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phone 103        :*:        Frank, Alta.
woro tho FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awardod to
Lumber for all
.   " '"'-■, !**-- iti:   "f. •   ■'.
r 4       -ft       '*■        "•;
'a.'. • <\ -r-'-v r.C-ii,fc_^jf»*»«»,,_''
horo at any tlmo and tn any
qnunity. You ennnot wainy
nn witli a largo order, or glvo
us ro tun nil n ono that wo will
not niicml to U.
for uny kind of bulMlnjj you
tuny im at work upon. Havo
uh  Hcnd  you  what you  want
iwhen you wnnt IL
orrtct nn<f v.iptd, MrFHtn-iciM avk., f>p». o. n. njrror, wwrnntn
Washington:—a.bin is about to
pass congress providing for the creation of a commi'ssion-.to "inquire into
the reasons for industrial unrest.".. One
member of congress thinks it unnecessary to spend half a million dollars'
io find'why there is industrial unrest'.
Mr. Berger says of the proposed legislation: ''
"Scientific investigations of industrial conditions, if properly, conducted,
are always useful, of course". ■ It is
doubtful, however, whether the proposed investigation will bring forth
very, muoh that is now. Everybody
who has studied the present economic
system knows the cause of the 'social
"It is this; According to the government figures at hand the average
net production of every wage-worker
in the United Slates is " valued at
'$1,290 annually. The average wage
paid in 1909 was $518. In other words
the worker received a little over 40,1
per cent as his share of the production.
The rest went to the - capitalist class
as a whole in form of rent, profit and
Interest. v ■.    .  ,
"Now, if the commission will make it
its duty to find out in what way this,
surplus value bf the product which
was distributed among the capitalist
class could be retained1 by the working class, then the commission would
do very useful work.
"If, oh the other hand, this ne\\
commission is simply going to collect
all kinds of statistics and publish tho
same in a.large number of bulky.volumes,'as.did another industrial commission some ,12 years ago, then I will
say beforehand, that the work will be
productive of very litilegood.
"Another suggestion: -The great
question before the people now is whe-
there we are to have organized capital
or organized production and distribution.- It is percetly evident that we,
must, in' the future, have organized
business action of some kind.   •
"Now, let the commission show the
way how we can have organized-business in the interest of the^ entire-nation instead of in the interest)of a
few individuals. That would be worth
while."   '
Because thoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
Buy them all tho timo at
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
•0___. _8»tJ___Bl^N_Bt»ei_M©Wrt5. 0<^^*ft'DMlto*»l1K_>»»<»<«M_>>«»
, When the Coal. Mines Regulation
Act for British Columbia was passed
amid bombast as-the most perfect law
at the session of the Legislature for
1911, we pointed out that lt was incomplete in that no provision was made
for properly regulating the use of electricity in mines. Within a year and
a half of the passing of that Act,'the
Bureau of Mines has discovered the
omission, and has, so we are informed,
advised companies who had. in hand installations of electric plants that they
will noL be allowed to use tliem until
new legislation has been brought In to
regulate, the use of electricity in coal
initios, The result Is thnt companies'
linvo either hoon compelled lo "drop
.their electric installations, or havo
postponed them until they know what
tho provlslono of tlie proposed lnw
shall bo,
The action 'of tho department in1
making such provision Is right, but
what wo object to is that, tho development, of coal mining should bo hampered by incompetence or Ignorance
on tin. part of tho Mlnlstor of Mines,
and thoso who drow the laid. Ant on
tho subject of mino regulation, whon
provisions wero neglected which qyory-
ono who know anything of tho subjoct
recognized nn nccossnry. Tho result
Is moro botching of laws and regulations, whlcli should ho put ln us perfect slinpo an posslblo at onco, so tlmt
linlcorlnj. with tho law at tho hands of
Imiornnt legislators should not bo no-
ccRHiiry ovory yoar or two,
Mlno mnniiRorn ahould bo planod In
ii position whoro thoy know what Is
(Mlnltnly nnd abnolutoly required of
tlu'iii, no that tlioy nmy bo froo to
Iny tholr plana with eorlnlnty for somo
yonrH iiliond. Thn Deputy Minister of
MIiiph should bo a trnliiml mining on-
linear, whom, knowlod.ro would ho
nviilljililo to Iho Department lo avoid
llir> ...obh mlHtiik^H, and mlmnniuiKO-
iiiiuit oxlilbltml by ,U; or tho lluroim of
MIiioh Hliould lm Mpllljntn two depart-
inontii, a coal mining department nnd
a1 nidtiil mining dopnitmonl, with an
imglncor of apcclnl atlnlnionttt In conl
mining as deputy mlnlator In chargo
T Oip ono, nnd nn engineer of high nt-
talnmonlH lu motiil mining and metallurgy im deputy mlnlator In rlinruo of
tlio other. An rnnttorfl stand, tlio
i-uut-ti jai|.._i Uucii., iitMi-uu di iwinu
<.')_di_.Im. wi :;|j'.('ll. li.iiljui'.. nui id-
cntlfln JIiiph, hnM, with tlio oxcontlon
of th<. position of lVovlnelal Minora-
loglut and Chlof Tnnpontor of Mliion,
hoon   a   plaoo   of   vofugo for polltl-
"•  -y "■•".-??-s- '-y j-."'"■'--v
. • * --:/-'-ryr -■-.
J. R., Knight, of Edmonton; address-1
ed .a meeting in the" Labqt'.Temple/
Lethbridge, on Sunday nightf on Social-
ism, prefacing his,addressTby'saying
that he would be glad to answer any
question put to him on-the-merits of
the cause. . Mr. Kiiighi defined.' Socialism as the application,of the theory,
of evolution to society and thereafter
at length dealt with .its origin" aiid history. Civilization' announced;its ad:'
vent upon the stage of events -.by,,the
inauguration' .of slavery. 7; • The '• slave
worked for the master.''. The "product
of his labor belonged to the master.
The master saw that the 'slave had
food, etc., sufficient to enable him to,
work on the.morrow. If he allowed
his slave to starve he might .be unable
to get another, unless at considerable"
cost. With slavery there came the
carrying out of,works of greater magnitude than formerly. "The feudal
slave worked 'a part of' the time for
the feudal lord for nothing, being allowed .to work the balance.of the time
for himself upon the land set aside' for
his own use.. -The wage'slave does
precisely for his master what the chattel slave and feudal serf did 'for theirs.
No one would be impudent enough to
assert that either of the latter were
paid for. their work,- yet in common
parlance the wage-worker gets paid for
his. The fact asserts Itself with ever
increasing emphasis tliat chattel slave,
feudal slave and wage slave worked for
practically the same thing—a bare ex-1
istence; and. this 'has been rendered
ever more insecure and.uncertain as
each successive stage soaldoz
each of these successive- stage's of
civilization became more highly developed. ■ Mr.- Knight's remarks were
warmly appreciated _and his answers
to several questions directed at him
were answered with clearhers..
', Schedule of work,, to be, performed-
iri.spoke roomVr,.:3; :• ; .' ', i--.'; P-,7.
1st,'. Fifteen (15)'. laps' over tbe^oyeiv
cast and through, tunnoi., S ;.''
'..2nd. Erect- canvas over the overcast to "the tunnel- mouth, then erect
brattice in tunnel,.^11 material'being
taken.and returned over the",overcast.'
.3rd, Ten (10) lap's over tbe'.Wer-
cast and through-the' tunnel;'/takt.
down brattice and1'canvas." returning'
same to place where found. •     ",.'■""
,4th:" Take dummy man wr stretcher,
over the overcast and through the-tunnel,-twice fo'r each, pair'of'men'; then
use the pulmotor on.body."'    • .'
5th. Erect regulator in tunnel with
opening eighteen (18) Inches-'square;
take , dummy man,-without' stretcher,
once over the overcast and through
tbo regulator for each pair of .men;
then .take ten (10) laps over overcast
nnc through regulator. ' "   ••
6th. Take down regulator and erect
brick stopping in tunnel one,and onb-
half (1%) bricks thick.' Take'same
down, piling bricks where found.
7th. ' Raise top of tunnel; making as
many   laps   around   room   and  over
the overcast as  possible  inside  the
time limit of(t\vo (2) hours7
Labor Union Delegates to Conventions
'7Tll<> return of deaths, on .the mines'
of the union .for the - quarter ended
June 30 shows that 17 whites and 218
natives lost their lives from accident:
4 white and-22 natives were victims of.
homicide or,'suicide; ' 95 whites .and,
1,519 natives'died of disease. The
total..return amounts to .-1,875.. deaths,
tlie average'number of men employed
being 313,853,, whereof.. 31,103 were
whites,-       'i '"!    '•   -      ■ ,'
' 7  .    THE   TRANSVAAL
- The following article and resolution
from Victoria Local S. D. P. of Chas
been endorsed by-the B. C. Executive
Committee of S. b. P. of Canada, and
is now up,.before the membership of
the party for referendum" vote- " q
In view of the divisions that exist in
the ranks of labor in this province,
and realizing the necessity ifor greater
co-operation on tliejpolitical 'field be-"
fore further "progress'can be made in
the direction of securing greater "power inpublic^affairs^ndrealizing also
**«.,   fc.isA.lv. _.  *l.»t*   l'-"'»J    ...tv*..,..
. IkUriC  i*u'
mlnlatration linn boon, na might havo
lioen uxpootod, mnrlcod hy Incompetence, stupidity, Itznoriuu'o and ovon
worsB.—Tho nrltlah Column!.. Mlnlngf
and Knglncoiing Tlocord,
NOMK, Alaokit, Nov. 10.—That tho
Pioneer Mlnton .Company has mndo tlio
...MRt'fit strike In >cita In nn old channel oppoiltn No. :i Anvil Creek, U thc
now* broiiRlit horo today. Tho pny
dirt run-i 25 contH to the pan. It Ib reported.
that to build _Tshrongl76lTtical move--
ment there-must be a corresponding
growth of brganization'alorig industrial
lines, and believing both movements
tend towards the' same ultimate end—
i.e., .the conquest of political power
by the working class, we "members of
Victoria Local of the S. D. P. of C. express- ouf belief that the trades unions
and industrial unions of B, C. should
be invited to act in,unison with this
party in selecting and running candidates for municipal and parliamentary
positions, and we suggest to trio B. C.
Executive of the S. D. P.' of C. that
the: following proposal be submitted
to a referendum voto of the B, C.
' "Resolved, that we write all trade
unions, and industrial union's ,that
would be bound by Uio "actipn of such
conventions,'to bo ropi.osen.ed al all
nominating conventions of tho S. Ti, P.
of C, in tills province. The basis of
ropresoni.nt.lon to ho mutually agrocd
upon; and wo express our willingness
to co-oporatq witli thorn both on nnd
off tho p'lalform. The only Bllpulu-
tlon we ii alt ibohig that thn candidates
nominated must bo Socialists and
where possible, working mon and unionists,"
Movod by Geo, ro. Winkler, so'conrfed
hy J. .7. Caulflold, and carried at local
moellng held October 01st, 1012.
A ponco manifesto litis boon slgnc-d
by forty-ono liilior members of tho
BrlllBli llouao of Commons and 110 Social Domoornllc mnnilwH ot tho (lor-
man roIrhalaK, nnd Ih now bolng clr-
milalod,     It HtnloB.
"Tlm workmen ol' (.ormnny do not
entertain nny IiohIIIh fonlliigH for H'ng-
land, nor do I.ukIIhIi workmen for
(ioi'iiinny, Most dotormlnoilly tlioy
stand ngnliiH!. all .bono who Incite war
tn both couiiliUiH, Tlioy do not do-'
muml nn Inoroimn In tho caplt.iH.sUc
compotltlon In nrmnniontn, hut Its abolition: not nn IncltPinont to war, lint
n mutual understanding hotwoun tlio
two natlmiH. A wnr hotwoo TUiiffltmi!
and fl<irmnn>; would load to buoIi a cat*
tiuttuj'itu tin inaluo in»t> nuvur J«l wjuIi.
All Uin.'e who tuuaf uuch u fanw
commit nn Infamouu crlmo on Immunity, Tho possibility of preventing
thlH piitnfitropho lion in the .Hindu of
tho wovklng oIhrmh nf both our coun-
I  .Ir..        11' . I     .. /.    ,.
....v.,. ....     ,.4     IV ^•K..Vi-t.»*il't\._>     Ul     \„\i
orffnnlzotl clnHH-coiiBclouB workmon In
both countries, thorcforo, urgo tho
wholo, body of workmon both In Or.
mnny and Oront Britain to Join our
orBnnlzntloii to provont civilisation nnd
culturo liidiiR puiiod down Into the
nbVHH mid iiiiiiiborltiort human lives an-
"Pnrm" I'ottij.lfirc, odltor of tlio
FoiJorntlonlM. hM {)(hjh nppolnled liy
tlio Ottawa government as Its local
oorronpondont for Iho Labor Cazotlo.
The lato rorrrupondont hold tho position for twf.-hf; >car«.
In the neighborhood of Witbank"
there are .now thirteen collieries in
active operation, producing a.bout 3,-
000,000 tons'orcoal per annum, second
to none in the Transvaal. The rail-,
way'charge'for the conveyance of-this
coal to cthe , mines 'on the Raind is
about' $5;000,000 per annum. Yet the
story* is to.d.'that the Boer to whom
the farm belonged twenty years ago
actually gavev Witbank to two other
Boers, for the purpose of working the
coal, on condition ■ that ■"they fed and
clothed-him for the rest of his "life.
Thex-faile_d_e_Y.en LnJ;hi^_mo'destJLin.dei:-_
taking, and the farm reverted'to-its'
original pwneiy who eventually sold it
for' $25,0015 to two Johannesburg inen
who had formerly run a draper's shop
at Kimberly. The Witbank mine has
yielded to its' proprietors profits'amounting to $2,250,000 since the war..,
Tho New Westminster Trades and
Labor Council had added' over 1,000
names to the voters' list In two weeks.
■ Norwegian girls who dn not know
how lo knit, sew, wash and cook are
to be refused permission to marry it
a bill introduced by a reform legislator is made' a law,
Ex-Mayor Bennett, of Penllcton,
says that there aro 120 car loads of
peaches- rotting In that district,1 Thai,
fuel should convince any ono of common sense l-hat there Is ' something
radically wrong with tho present economic system.' ' There nro' thousands'
ot pooplo in tho district who haver-not
tasted poaches or any other kind of
fruit this season.        .,
Nothing Is more exhaust*
ins thnn a persistent couch.
Old folks and very young folks
a ike, find a bad couch moBt
distressing, No need to co on
suffering I
Peps will end the worst
couch or cold, Peps contain
the balsnmic essences and
fumes of tho Pine tree, with
other medicinal ingredients, >so
prepared, that as soon as a Pep
is put into tho mouth itdidsolves
and these medicinal fumes
are liberated. They are then
breathed down the throat, and
direct lo thc lungs,
Ordinary cough nilxtnroi go,to tlio
ft inmoli. \5u|M go to tiio lungi—thoro'rt
t .01'ioit fiiiiiliininntnlillirwrnnrnhntwwm
ilm oil Itniliiun il formi of trotlincnt,
-i..d ll oIY, . t..u>l_..iul.
Mont oniiR'i mixt.irpi oonUIn opium
rrnddthi-rpcUono. Pops don't, l&tior
tnr children 1
Tho most i tnWiorn e»»e« ci satlims,
hronoliltla, enUrrh, tlf_htn«ii acrois
.h.rluMt. colli, <nr wlnt.tr mmoh. will
Iyiuld t«)'eii«ir fttrni-nt
All druuKlnto nnd iIotm noil
4 Pepi «tll0o, box oryoii may obtain
4& pojit froo by loading prim to I'ern
£OT Co., Ihippiit Bt., Toronto. If
jrffib yon hive not ttitcd thli untqut
TJW» romody, loud lie. tUmp to
ei* d above eddroii (to my ntnta
2i-tt**ff' I**tau»>)imrtioaw(il
?'.77lt' '  ""
n ____.
Dealer; ih
-v -.«,
HaAap^f Sti>ves7& Ganges
Fancy:;,0.pods and Stationery   .
^BELLEVUE''- :■-."-- SSs'^-^'Sy^Sy Alberta
7 ' -Si; tf-
■ ,*vV 7-   .«"
,.   P. V. WHELAN, Manager.
Rates.$2.db.and up
Hot and Cold Water
Electric Lighted     '
Steam Heated.
»     'Phone in every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
,   Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $7.00
Special Rates by the. week and
the,month and to.Theatrical parties., Try, our "    -
Special Sunday
The finest of Wines, Liquors,
and Cigars served by competent,
and obliging wine clerks.
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go., Ltd.
Bbttled^Goods a^Spexiiaity/
Cigar Store
Wholesale' and Hoiall'
"r'H -" -LUJ uj.u^^-„ija
Barber Shop
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
., Counter
Hazelwood Buttcrmlllc
Viotoria Avonuo
FERNIE, B, C.       Phone 34
{diseases of menJ
210 Howard-8t., Spokane, Wash.
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Bbard
Nowhere In the Pass can be
found In such  a display of
We have the best money
can buy of Beef, Pork', Mutton, Veal, Poultry. Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, .Sausages,
-Welners and Sauer, Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 63'
Livery Feed
and Sale Stables I
First clan Horiei. for Bale.    (
Duyt Honed on Oommltlon
George Sartor." Thoiic 7S |
Every convenience and comfort, Jutt
llko being at homo,   Ono block
from Post Offlear.   Centrally located
H. A, WILKES,  •   Proprietor
PEULAT AVE.     .    •     .     FEWNI1
, i.TiWK'fiii'ni
A Flash of
Is. Juitt an llltol/ to ntrllfo
llio Iiouho of tho iiiiinBiirod.
mnn nB thnt of hln moro pro*
dont^ nolghtior. No building
-  Is Immune. <
Better Have
Us Insure
you nnd hnvo n llnhtnlnR
oln.iao nttnehod to tho polioy.
Thon you needn't worry ovory
tlmo tlioro Ib n thunderstorm,
Solo Aflfont for Fornlo
19.   W.   WIDDOW80N, A««*yer nnd
ChemUt, no* O 1108, NoWim, tl, C.
Char«os;~Oold, Htlver, __•»(. ur Cuitper,
II «ach. Uold-tillvur. or flllvur-Uftd
|1.to, Prle#» for lAlwt ni«t«is; Cunt,
eement. KlmcUy an»|y«*s on uppllca-
libit, , 'l'U* UrsinsL cuoiun. »»»»y u(Uc«
In HrttUh Coluiritifa.
T positively euro throe-fourths ofl
ftnll tho cases that in-c absolutely in-1
scumble by any methods othor .than!
JJfchose I employ. I do not care who!
Alios'treated yoiVov how long oi? byl
swhnt means he has treated • you,j
■the.probability is,thai'-1 can curel
Ayon, and I will be able to speak j
sdei'initely in the matter when 1]
wknow the details of yonr ease.
1. . Write for Free Book
X   "If-you can't.call at my bfficel
^write Cor my book,avhich describes!
aijiy,method.    All letters are given A'
Sspecial attention. '   ,      -z
• '■A
i *' 77     '';,      ..-"-    "   ".   V,.-:.     -     ' "\ 1 \
ySi7yfi%' ■■ -
y, -Y ■   '.
,.'  . .« .-. ~
1   fif ' -
!J.t" '
'.«, -..
Zam Bt_k Is A SnreC&n  ,.
"-j     «"'•''    •''     '■ '"""7- ''•,
- Mr.J__B;Davey_ of 786 Blllija Avenue.
Winnipeg, says:—"A-few months since
I --was , cured0 of 7a- poisoned- finger
' through" the timely "use-of Zaia-_3u__.-_ .
,  yi cjit a deep gash'across the knuckle
-'on-the first finger of my fight hand
In opening a lobster can.  "I suffered"
. 7at the time'-with the soreness and pain/
,. -but. had no Idea, lt wouid become a
- eerloui.'wound. However, in about, two-
days JuwasHgreatly. alarmed; "as my
- whole ".hand aud nrm'to tho* elbow; be-.,
•. came suddenly, inflamed, and tho finger
.was.;much .discolored,'showing-signs
v.-"of  blood-poisoning. .^The ' paiir was'
-,o dreadful and I was'-forged to leave off-'
, " my work andxso home. "    . ;i.', \..°
y.i  "The wound on  the knuckle  had
'been poisoned -by /dust and dirt.get-'
.ting,into It   I then decided to start
. the Zam-Buk treatment, arid having
- first bathed the cut, I applied the heal,
.ing balm.-  It soothed, the pain almost
' Instantly, and by next day there waa
a great improvement.,
■'  "In tf. week's time, through perseverance with this-wonderful preparation, a complete cure, was brought
■■ - about." <•'"•-.
■'   .   Zam-Buk is just as, good for eczema,
..ulcers,  scalp  sores,  abscesses, . piles;
ringworm, boils, varicose ulcers,' running sores, cold sores, chapped hands,
_, etc   It draws all poisonous foulness
7 from a'.wound or sore and then Sieals.
Use it, too, for cuts, burns, bruises and
-7 "airekin injuries. Zam-Buk Soap should
be used in conjunction to tho balm for
7 washing wounds and,sore places.   Ex-.
,, cellont, too, for baby's bath. "   '
All, druggists and "stores sell Zam-
- Buk at 60c. box^and Zam-Buk Soap at
. 25c, tablet.   Post free- upon receipt of
price from Zam-Buk Co* Toronto,
H   -
•\ .Under and W vlrture of the powers
, contained In a certain'Mortgage, whloh'
.?,     will ho produced at;. tlie .timo of sale,
_.-" .      theses will   ■ be-,   offered-'  by   'sale
■y bv-public auction on Monday, the.lCth
: day of .December," 1912, at the hour, of
•".--.     11 o'clock In the forenoon, at the office
of Grafton and Bennett, , Cox   Street.
Pernio.  B.C.,  by J.  W.  Bennett, auctioneer, the fbllowlng property,sname-
7 ■ & i"'~~~    j.  "■'■■■ , •       ,      y
Lot' Number - 2 - tn Block Number. 8,
Fernie. according to a map or plan deposited. In tiie Land .Registry' Office in
the City .of Nelson, and numbered 734.
-'   Terms: 10 per cent of the purchase
.    money to be paid'down at the lime .of
sale; balance to be paid within 30 days.
For  further^ particulars  and   condl-
:_ '    .  tions of sale apply. to   .   * "'
l'-V"    '. ..   > Messrs LAWB '& FISHER,'    .
,•'-.' '  ■      Imperial Bank Buildings,  .
'.•'*■,■ .A^et*nle> B- C.„'■
.Dated, this'7th day. of. November. 1912.
Questions forXXMine Manager Ger-
sX  ■; 7y-i-.yy-7^S r*<„ y '7:-      '   -'      >:77:-< "•
tificdie at Alberta Examination
' "The following are the 'questions set
candidates for Mine Manager Certificates bf Competency under the Alberta
Coal Mines .Regulation's Act,, held In
that province' in September last..
■•   Under and by vlrture cf tho powers
contained in a certain Mortgage, which
...■will   be produced at the time, of' sale,
'• -thei'e'"". will   (be.   offered     by     salo
;"'by r.ubllc auction' on Monday,- the 16th
* day of-December, 1912, at the hour of
:;3 o'clock in tlie afternoon, at the office
- of Grafton and; Bennett,    Cox    Street,
. .Fertile.-  B.C.,   bv  Ji   W.-Bennett,   auc-
__ ,tioneer, the following property, name-
:_, >, COAL 'MINES"ACT. ,. 7
■ Candidates must obtain 70 per cent
of the allotted marks to pass.'Time:
One and a half-hours. '      .   -    ~-
1: -.What are the provisions of-the
Coal Mines Act regarding—.
(a) The plans of working mines?
(p) Tho filans of abandoned mines?
"'   - ^        . "        s
2. State the provisions of tlie Coal
Mlnos Act regarding ventilation,■ and
state wliat factors " would influnece
your decision as to Ihe adequacy of
ventilation ln a mine. . 9
3. A mine is being worked by naked lights, but it is found necessary to
adopt the use of locked safety lamps.
What changes will require to be made
In the working of the mine.    ^   > 8
4? What "report books, or .other
hooks of.record are required by the
Coal Mines Act and "Eight Hour Law"
to be kept at a mine? . Explain? clearly the purpose for which each is used
and what entries should.be made In
each. 7 ■ .12
.57 What are the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act)with.regard to.check-
'weighmen?.' What are theL duties of
checkweighmen? ,- ■ 10
.,'67 • What are, the provisions of the
Coal Mines Act bearing upon the following-subjects:  .
(a) fencing machinery? "   "
(b) safety valves and gauges for
steam boilers?,        "'. "'~    ;
(c); cover overhead? ■
(d) Chains? „   .     ' '.N  14
, 7. State shortly the provisions of
tho Coal.'Mines Act as-to shafts or
outlets.; "   "'      ■   X''        . •'    7
8. ■ nWhat are a mine manger's duties
in the' event of a serious or fatal accident occurring in or about a mine.   14
9,-. State   shortly;. the requirements
of the Coal Mines Act'as to—
. (a) approaching old workings;
(b). examination - and (use of' safety
lamps;      , ■   ,  ■ y.'.-': ■,
. .(c) the-use. and handling of explosives in or, about, a mine.     , 18
-7~~.tot-JNumbeir^rin7Bloclc Number .1?.6,
-Fcrrile 'Annex Extension, plan 902." '
- "Terms: 10'per cent of-tho purchase
money to be raid down at- the time of
sale; balance to bo paid -within 30 days.
-. For- further partloularS and ' conditions of sale'apply, to > ' '•
'.-...',   Messrs I.AWE -&-FISHER,   ;'_,
..-•---'     -Imperial  Bank Building,
,.--•.. ■ ' . ,   Pernio, B. C-
' Dated this 7th day of November, 1912.
;enerated -by
r< "(c)' What gases are
each when exploded? *
- 7a)- What is the "composition of fuse.
and  what gases.doe's It generate in
burning? :        •     ■'■.':      ,„    - -   9
'12. 'In what'part of-a-mine'-is coal
dust most'likely^' be found?7
What precautions should you, take
on an engine plane with an accumulation of coal.dust where there was,a
fairly strong'current and cars moving
rapidly, and under what conditions
should you allow blasting and what Explosive should you use. , 8
,     •";     -: .LAMPS " '"    -• .
'    ' VENTILATION    .,
Candidates must obtain '70 per cent,
of the allotted marks to iiass. Time:
Three and a half, hours. "
1. - What would be the height of motive column for upcast and for downcast air respectively, when the depth
of each shaft is.300 feet and the tem-'
perature of the downcast shaft is 32
degrees F. and that of the upcast 48
degrees F.? .8
2. If 10 horse power is producing a
circulation of 60,000' cubic feet of air
per minute'in a mine:
.   (a) what is'the water gauge?
(b) what quantity of air and what
water, gauge .will be produced in this
mine .when the horse power is increased to 25,? •   ' 10
;3.v What is meant by the term "coefficient of friction" as used in'^connection with mine ventilation? Give
an example showing how-such coefficl-n
ent is used. '7
, 4. - What' should happen to the fan
if tbe doors at the top of the upcast
were suddenly opened? Would" the
fan stop, slowi down or increase its
speed?     Give reasons.    ' 5
5. , Two shafts 110 feet apart are to
be sunk to a,depth of 460 feet. ,. Describe fully the plant and;.' arrange-!
rrients you would adopt for .their ventilation while sinking. .' - ' 9
' 6. The return air. of. a mine shows
by analysis ,1%-per cent of-fire damp.
The volume*of air passing is-100,000
cubic feet per minute and the water
gauge In-the fan drift is 2y2 inches.
1'ind—          ■■•   ■ y   t,.
.(a) The volume of air required-'to'
reduce the'quality of fire damp-to, _,
por cent.;"   *     •."'  -   -
l'bj The aditticn'.*. _-orse'power re'
'.ulreil. from" the fjn to circu'lato-tha
would you place .the ^timberg; if the"
roof was broken;describe and:explain
how. they should be placed and how
you would place a prop to carry the
greatest load?        '. ,'        > *    '   j
6. (a) What dangers! may-be I encountered in.drawing pillars in a pitch
ing seam? '  ■ y   7    ■
(b) What dangers would arise from
drawing pillars in'a flat seam generating CH4, .which is .being worked* immediately urider another seam separated by 65 feet of "strata?  " ""S
7. Assume-you bad a property of
1,500 acres containing two seams of
coal each 5 feet thick with,,30 feet
of strata intervening between them lying perfectly level,'the depth to" the
top seam being 50.0 feet; describe-^
(a)" By what system you ' would
work each seam. ,' _ -
(b) Say whether-you would work
one of these seams before the other
hnd if so, which?"   Give reasons.   10
8. What observations have you
made concerning the dangers "to be
apprehended as far as safety to" workmen is concerned—
(a) In working.a pitching seam with
a very strong roof? .       i
• (b) In working a flat seam with a
tender roof. ' io
9. Do you consider a coal-cutting
machine could be advantageously used
for working a flat seam 4 feet 9 inches
thick, and having a 'tender roof; the
pavement consisting of 18 inches of
clay above a moderately hard rock?
Give reasons for or against. 9
. 10. Describe" the,, best method of
signalling which you are acquainted
withf  '               ;    \    "-  -
(aj In sinking shafts;
. ,(b) In'working shafts.   -   _'> >^      7
11.   What are the chief factor's lead-
Candidates must obtain 60 per cent:
of the' allotted marks to 'pass. Time:
Four hours. '
1. Describe the winding machinery,
guides and safety appliances^usually
installed in an up-to-date mine, where
the shaft is 650 feet deep,'and intend-'
ed to raise an' output of 1,200 tons in
an eight hour shift.      ; % 10
2. Sketch and'describe'a suitable stop-
block for use on a self-acting incline.
For what purpose is such an appliance
used? State in your own words'what
rules, you'would make regarding the
use of, stop-block,. 8
3, -What classes of ropes are most
frequently used,for winding purposes?
Describe two methods which may be
adopted', to provide against excessive
strains and shocks.'" How long do you
consider it safe to work winding ropes? - 9
4. A sump in a mine is 02 feet long,
8 feet wide and 9 feet deep,' and full
Qf water! ' How»long will it take a 5
inch pump to empty this at a velocity
of'100 feet per minute, If the leakage
of the valves .and resistance of the
pump cause a loss' of 20 per cent.?
There are' five 2 inch pipes running
full and .discharging water into the
sump at a common velocity of 100
feet per minute. -. 7
• 5] t Give the breaking strain ■ of a'
11,-16 cast steel wire rope of seven
strands and nineteen" wires to the
strand. What load will break a white
oak.timber 10- inches by 12 inches
thick, and 12 feet long, if the load be
equally distributed along the length
of the timber?  • '6
6. ■ How would ybu determine the
proportionate) areas of the cylinders
and the proper point- of ■ cut-off in
ing to spontaneous combustion in coal each,, in a compound engine of two
mines? Name* the, principal' gases cylinders, the initial ---pressure being
given off from" such fires and state 65 Pounds above the atmosphere and
fully "how you would deal with an un- the final (terminal) pressure .10
derground fire, which had broken out Ppunds below the atmosphere?" 6
in-a. section of pillars in. a, pitching 7. What power will be required to
sea'nh  -' , ^ '„-.,'■'    7 , hoist an output of 800 tons of coal
(per day) on an incline % of-a mile
long aiid rising' 2 inches to'the yard,
extending from the inside parting to
the shaft bottom, and 'return the empty',- cars, which1' weigh one half as
much as the load they carry;, assuming the resistance of the cars to be
1-C0 and the power-required to move
the' rope equal to that, required to
move the - cars. The speed of the
rope is 3' miles per hour, and a work;
ing day 8 hours; the cars "are moving
4-5 of theytime. . (" 12
8.   Describe—
(a) a feed water .heater;,
-(b) a steam trap;
(c) a superheater; 7
(d) an arrangement to reduce the
quantity of black smoke. /        8
, 9. How would you support electric
cables (a) in shafts, (b) in underground roadways. A dynamo is 100
yards from a house, the conductor
has a resistance of .002 ohm per yard.,
and there will be one hundred and
fifty 30-watt 100 volt lamps to be fed.
What E. M. P. must the dynamo„give?
10. What are the special difficulties'.that are met with in sinking to
the coal in the Edmonton coalfield?
Describe and compare the different
methods that have been used for overcoming these difficulties. 10
11. What are the advantages and
disadvantages, of a belt driven fan? 6
12. Jt is proposed to wind 1,000 tons '
per day of eight hours from a shaft 400'
yards.deep,"the ropes being balanced.
The ventilation required .. is 150,000
cubic feet per minute, at ah estimated water-gauge of 3 inches.' The power plant during winding hours generates an average of 600 lew. and supplies power for all purposes, other
than for .winding and ventilating. Give
the. approximate, brake-horse-power of
Sin) The winding engine;' '     '
(b) The fan engine;,
(c) The generating engine;
and state what steam pressure, and'"
what size, type and number of boilers
you would adopt. 12
Candidates must obtain 60 per cent.'
of the allotted marks to pass.   Time:
Three and a halfhours.
1. Draw a neat sketch with, letters
of reference, of the Dumpy level.   14
2. State the causes which have op- ,
crated  to cause tho displacement of
the Y level-by the Dumpy; in other
(Continued on page 7)
■he  family  remedy   for . Ca-ghs  and Colds
Sbiloh costs so  little  and docs   so much!1'
.    SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL_D_, D.C.L., President
K     General Manager AssUtant General Manager
\ r *>.
COAL mining rights of the Dominion, ln Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alborta, tho Yukon 'X'orrltory, the North
„West Territories and In .a portion of
tlie Province of British Columbia, may
be leased for, a term of twonty-ono
years at an annual rental of $1 an aero.
Not moro tlian 2,500 acres wll bo leased
to ono applicant,
Application for a leaso nu'<3t bo mado
by the anpllcunt in person to tho
Apfont -or Sub-Agent of tlio district in
wiilch tho rights applied for aro situated.
In surveyed territory tho land must bo
riOBcrlDori by Mentions, or logal sub-divisions of sections, and - in unsurvoyed
territory tlio tract applied for shall bo
staked out by tho applicant himself,
Each apllcntlon must be accompanied
by a feo of . !> which will bo refunded If
the rights appllod for aro not avallablo,
but not otherwise A royalty shall bo
paid on thomorchnntablo output of tlio
mino at the vato of five oonts por ton.
, Tho person oporatlnc? the mlno Bhall
furnish tho Agont with sworn iroturno
accounting for tho full quantity of merchantable coal mined an dpay tho royalty thereon, If tho eoal mining
righto are not bolng nporntod, such
> returns should bo furnished 1 at,loast
onco a yoar, ' •
, , The loimo will Inoludo tho ooal mining
'nchtB only, but the Ionhuo may bo permitted to purohaso whntovor avallablo
surface rI_.htH may bo oonnlderod no-
ocsaary for tho working of tho mlno
at tho rnto of $10,00 an aero.
For full Information application
Rhould bo mado to tho Beorotary of,tho
Dnpartment of tlio Intorlor. Ottawa, or
to any Agont or Sub-Agont of Dominion Lands,
_ ...   W, W. Oory,
Doputy Minister or tho Interior,
KB—Unauthorized publication of this
advertlfiomo.it will not bo said for.
Dr. 0. FAU8ETT,
COLEMAN, Alberta.
Office In Cameron Blook
All Work Guaranteed
Office: Henderson B|ook, Pernle, B.C,
Houra: 8.30 to 1 • a to 8,
Reildenoei 81, Victoria Avenue.
Canflldates must .obtain- 70 per cent,
of'the'allotted marks to pass. < Time:
Two and a half hours. 7
- 1. During, an' inspection' of a long-
wall district, In which'black .powder
is '.used as ,the blasting material, you
find.a small fire-damp cap in the return uir leaving the .last, face. You
also observe that the., face Is naturally
wet, but the haulage road, is -dry and
dusty.' ■ What further observations
■would you make,, and what action if
any would you1 take? ■     ',-   S
2. Whilst examining for gas noav
the' roof your safoty lamp Is extinguished- without giving any ol . i lio
.characteristic Indications of fire-'
damp, whnt Inference would you, drawi'
and. what 'would bo nn approximate
composition of, tho gas?   > '   7
3. Decsrlbo tlie typo of safety
lump you aro familiar with aiid explain fully tho principal features upon
which tho safety of tho lamp depends.
Doscrlbo fully tho arrangements you.
would make on the -surfneo and underground to' safeguard the mine from auy
accident llkoly lo bo caused through
tlio uso of safety lumps. ,10
■I. What Is tho meaning of tho oppression "spontaneous combustion','?
ISnumorrtte tho gnucs given off from an
underground,fire, nnd discuss tlio ono
you consider most dangerous, Dos-
crlbo ,tho effect upon n mnn breathing n diluted mixture'Of this gas and
nlr, nnd explain how you' would procood to doted small quantities of tho
name, 0
H, A stono drift MO yards hns to bo
dVlvon rising 1 In 8. Tho stralanro
ordinary coal moasuro strata and rlso
1 iu 10 In thoi direction In which tho
dj'Ift Ih going. Flro dnmp Is glvon
off In placciB, and somo of Uio ground
is rnthor weak, Ko wator Is glvon
off. Doscrlbo olonrly whnt precautions should bo takon for tlio safety
and offlcloncy of tho work, Quoting
any Gonoral Rulos whloh refer lo the
flubjoet, 7
0, DoBcrlbo briefly the mothod of
firing allots In mlnos ly moans ot fuse,
squibs and electricity rospocllvoly,
and discuss tholr comparative uiorlts
in respect to safoty, 10
7. Wlint Is tho formula for calculating tlio poroontngo of ffns (from tho
height of flamo cap observed? What
porcoiitngci of gna la Indicated by a
% inch cap?  Describe the oxpanslvo
increased • volume.. .       ,. s
7. If one ventilating fan is producing a current' of 25,000 cubic feet of
air per minute in a mine, what totnl
quantity of air can be produced by the1'
addition of another fan of the same
dimensions and operated with equal
power? 9
8. Show how you would ventilata
the workings on the accompnny'-nii;
plan having due regard to haulage/
coal, being wound at tho downcast
shaft only. Show,by arrows the direction of the nir currents, putting in
tho necessary stoppings, doors, brattices and lamp stations. 12
9. Describe generally what ■ yoii
would consider, a model ventilating
plant for a mino employing 500 men
underground on one shift, nnd sketch
nnd describe tho construction nnd action of tho fan you would adopt.    10
ilO.' Doscrlbo fully tho Pliioss Res-
cuo Apparatus mid Illustrate your description with sketches. Discuss Its'
valuo with roferonco to-- '
(a) saving llfo after an explosion in
a mine; and
(b) fighting a mino fire on the main
hnulnge road of a flat seam. .     .12
11. (a) Doscrlbo tho dlfforonco between tho exhaust, and forcing fan
system of ventilation.
(h) Which Is to bo preferred undor
certain conditions^ for tho ventilation
of coal mines,
(c) 7s, tho rofllstoneo any groalor to
bo overcome ln tho uso of tho exhauot-
lng or forcing fan?
(il) In Increasing tho velocity of the
air current, or lengthening tho distance tho nlr has to travel through a
mlno, Is tho resistance Increased; It
so, why? 10
A Pure Cream of Tartar Powder
' Tf ^
Indispensable to best results—saves
worry—saves work—saves money-
saves health-saves complaints at table
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
The Canadian Bank of Commerce, by reason of its large number of branches in
every Province of Canada, with direct representation in London, Eng., New York,
San Francisco, Seattle, Portland, Ore.; Mexico and St. John's Nfld., with Agents and-
Correspondents in every part of the world, is able to offer unsurpassed facilities to tbe
travelling public, enabling them to obtain money in the simplest way at any point on
their journey the world over. The Travellers' Cheques and Letters of Credit issued,
by this Bank overcome the-annoying difficulties of obtaining funds abroad, especially
in places where identification is difficult
Cheques and Drafts on all the countries of the world, drawn in sterling, francs,
marks,, lire, kronen, etc., can be cashed or purchased at reasonable rates. ;   ae
L.  A. S.  DACK,",Manager. FERNIE  BRANCH 7
Campbell  Flora!  Company
•rare beauty by our desigulng specialist,, arc supplied bur patrons in
a perfect state of preservation with all-despatch,possible.
Every accessory for the lover of good Flowers and"Plants' may be.
had from our large greenhouses.    , ■
Night -Call.
224,  8th   AVENUE,   West,
Candidates must obtain GO por cont,
of tho nllottod marks to pass.    Time:
Throo nml a half hours;
1, In a seam 0 foot thick having nn
Inclination of 3.1 degrees, a noctlon of
pIlllil'H l.fiOO foot ou tho level and 800
foot to tlio rlso, has hoon loft, the pillars bolng 40 foot on tho lovol by 70
foot to tho rise, Tho roof consists
of soft shalo 0 foot thick, fiery, anil
gas lodges frooly In tho rooms. Skotch
and doscrlbo how you would tnko out
Iho pillars. 10
2, Describe tho general structured
tUrrllttrs & Solicitors, NoUrlM, Ao,
OfflCfin: Eftkntnln Rullrllnfl.
Fernie, B.C.
ot a conl flold In A">orta with which
piupvruuii ui in*i uump wuen mixed j you are jamiiiar and suite tho possi-
ii-JUj uU- _ji)J   h'Ihu    ibullion    UUva l/UllUn uf tuiuixs vxivnuiuuii,. it mi),
■    *
C. 0, Liwt Alex. I, Plthtr
Pernio, B. C.
L.   H.   PUTNAM
BarrltUr, Solicitor, Notary Publlo, ete.
placo. „ *
8.   Explain fully tho real dangers
connoctod with—
(n) tho nso of monobel In conjnnc-
<b) using flno and corso powder
(c) tamping shots with coal dust. 8
0. (n) Whnt Is mount by tho "no-
latlvo Weight" of the different gases?
(b) Glvo tho relative weUhls of the
difforont gases found in coal mines.  0
10. fa. WTmt <r-ff<w>t Anon rrml dimt
hnvo on nn explosion ot flro dnmp.  ,
(b) What effect doos whlto damp
(c) W_.fl «ffect dow black damp
hare? »
11. What Is tho composition of—
(a) Ultvck powder?
(fi) MonobAlT
with tho difficulties likely to be encountered In tho futuro working of
such oxtcnslons. 10
'tl,  What Is monnt by tho toi'ma
.__..*AA__i'   -...ll    AUUbll-lh      tftC.18    tlTH-
"Intrwslvo dyke"? 9
4. Glvo a description of tho mnch-
Inory and nil appliances naceonnry in
•Inking two shafts to a dopth of ISSO
foot In moderately hard strata. When
would yon stop sinking fo put In wnl-
ling? What would guide you on thia
point? Ono nt thn shnrtf. In tn hn
ysod as an upcast And tbe other as n
downcast. Tho dowcast abaft only
to bo used aa a hoisting abaft and Is
to be large) *uough to allow an output
of 1,290 tons p«r day to He hot'M.
OIvo dlrnMii.nni nl* rtirh nhnft 13 '
j5. Tu timbering roomn In a i-iuhlnu.
seam with a folr roof, how fur apart!
> ' >
Has Grandma Seen  Baby?
Why not send her a photograph beautifully finished up on Christmas Cards.
Photographsj as Xmas Presents are becoming more
the fashion every year, and to meet the extra demand I expect this
year I have laid in a stock of the finest and most artistio Mountings to be prooured. Several have been made to my own designs and
are exolusivej the prices very reasonable; the different finishes
all artistio and as good, if not better, than is turned out by the
leading photographers in large Cities, I am specializing in Sepia
(or brown finishes.)
My Xmas Card Photos are especially nioe, also an exclusive
1 i
Style, and were made up to my own design by the leading Xmas Card
manufacturers ln England.
I shall be pleased to reoeive a call from you and submit
my samples for your inspection. '
iiio Studio ib open every evening until 9 o'olock and
photos taken by Eleotrio Light, also open on Sundays, Dull weather
&cs iw s___.r_r<-._7cuo\i.
■ '■n
Portrait and Commorcial
J T«31g_yw'|W"<»i"in.»di
?   .
®fe Sisfeix* foliar
Published every Saturday morning at its office,
Pellat1 Avenue, Fernie, B. C. /Subscription $100
per year,in advance. -An excellent advertising
Medium. Largest circulation in the District Ad-
/ertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work.   Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
Telephone No. 48.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Post Office Box No. 380
is not -with surprise or alarm that ve.observe
the advent of a monthly magazine to uphold
the interests of the employing class. The "American Employer," a monthly magazine, has been
launched and is published at Cleveland. Ohio. Wc
are informed on the cover of this publication that
it is "a monthly magazine devoted to the interests
of the Business Men in the United States and Canada who hire labor." That it is in the interests
of those who hire labor is evident from the editorial in its first number wliich frankly admits its opposition to organized labor and Socialism. , Jt believes in the open shop and the supremacy of the
employer over his wage slave. But for the workers the editor of this magazine has, no ill will, and in
fact says "We are not his enemy and wc wish him
well. ' In addition, we fight his battle, for we
insist he shall have the right to work if he wants
to work, all the opposition to .his working on the
part of any man or any body of men to the contrary notwithstanding." As to Socialism, he says
"We are opposed to Socialism as inherently bad
political economies and against human nature."
The large increase in the Socialist vote in the re-
' cent Presidential elections in the United States
must have been received with an uncertain enthu-
_siasm by this well-wisher of labor.
Not alone on the political field does he receive
an unwelcome shock, but in the third number of
this publication,' which we have before us, he is
•trying to arouse the employer to the danger of
continued organization of labor by pointing out the
encroachments of the A.'F. of L. into the sacred
The Socialist economics may appear to this apologist of the employing class as "inherently bad,"
but it is strange that our much maligned theory of
■""the Class Struggle finds such conclusive evidence
in the appearance of a publication avowedly out for
oppose organized labor. cLet us take the evidence
from the pages of the third number (October, 1912).
On Ihe title page, following the list of contents, we
find "Printed in an Open Shop," and on pnge 137
we find under this heading "This Organization Deserves Support," an appeal for membership of the
National Building Trades and Employers' Association, and on page 151 under the title of "Surprising
Decision" this inspiring news to-employers: "The
supreme Court of tho State of Kansas 1ms rendered
a most surprising decision to the effect that a Kansas law, making it a criminal act to discharge a man
for being a member of a labor union or refusing' to
quit a labor union, was valid." It docs not take
much intelligence to observe thc class linos, and his
, solicitous concorn for the "right to work" for the
workers should have been corrected to "thoir right
to bo worked."
Tho Employers' Association is a grand thing, but
tho Employes' Association is abhorrent.    Thc employers aro perhaps organizing for the benefit of
tho workers?    The lovo and respect in which the
workers woro hold previous to their organization on
the industrial and political fields was truly touching.     The self-sacrifice of which the capitalists
were capable in tho strugglo'for the reduotion of
tlie working day is a monument to their generosity.
Thc concern with which thoy thought out mothodH
for tho preservation of human life in tho factories
and mines; the kindliness with which they induced
women nnd children to stop out from the narrowness of tho homo and proudly enrn thoir living
amongst men nud boys in Iho beautiful workshops
prepared for them I    Blood nnd sweat, and heiu-t-
lcss toil and misery Imvo boen tho soil upon which
lnbor organization wns bulit.    A soil prepared by
wipltalisin, and wliieli onr critlrH would have- us
beliovo is not "mrainst human iiiitun.'."    Into Hint
soil wliirh promises a prolific return wo aro inject-
iii« lho uonA of nn o.lwnlioi} nf <»nlif'Monmoiit whifh
tho employer views with alarm.    Wo are organizing for results for humanity, the employers' results
aVe simply profit for his class, but unwittingly lie
is compelling lho workers to line up for tho atrug-
t»K tlio nnloo.nn nf which will five Ihe enpitnltat
i   "the T.erht, to work" nud Worm* n unpfnl mombor
of society.    Cnpitnlism will have served its purpose nnd tho ClnsH Hturggle will have hpeome n
theory of tins nasi—a hitter memory but au much-
tinl stage in the development of men for the. betlw
understanding of freedom.
been r'eally made within tire" past two'years, and is
the handwriting on the wall points to, yet greater
"strides and wider knowledge of our principles/if
is not difficult to forsee in the very near future-th'e
ultimate downfall of the capitalist >ystem-across
the border. _ But before that eventful day "arrives
the old parties will all be united, as" they have in
fact done in many instances in the recent elections,
and will make one final grand stand altogether..
The struggle for existence is becoming more acute
Jvorn day, to day ' V-neuvploynient is rife a'tul ;V*?
having jobs are desperately clinging on to them.
In these circumstances it is not surprising to note
that the working plug,' beiug compelled to think; is
beginning to realize that there is something radically' wrong with a system that forces upon him this
dread of not knowing for how long his bread and
butter is-assured.     And, thinking, it is bound to
dawn tipon him that in Socialism lies his only hope.
In these-circumstances it is regrettable that" there
should bo petty squabbles and misunderstandings
in our ranks,    ids, prehaps, of little consequence;
for sooner or later both working for the same end,
we will come'together.   This can best be illustrated
by-the split of the Socialist votes in the elections
in .question, when the Socialist Lnbor party put up
a, candidate for the presidency in the person-bf
Rheimcr.     Whilst figures are not to hand as to
what his vote was, it is estimated that it was inthe
neighborhood of 60,000.    True, it is not much, but
if this party would have joined forces with' the
straight Socialists Debs' vote might haye been close
upon say'J,500,000.'   Por, in the ranks of the Socialist Labor are many'good-men and women, who
unfortunately devoted most of their time to criticizing Socialism.   Much bigger and better work could
have been accomplished by them in working for Socialism.     Had tbey used even a little of that energy in attacking capitalism they would be farther
advanced than they are now.     There is no use in
their continuing to prate and preach their own vir-'
tues the while they do nothing against capitalism.
They have only one place, and that is in the Socialist party.     V , • ' '
Officers Elected >
.... (Communicated),'   y-"' "..
On Monday evening,-' Nov. 18th,'* _,
court of.the Ancient Order of,"Foresters was inaugurated at the. K:P.\'Hall,'
when othlrty members were ..installed-
into the order by Mr.* W. J.Ta'gg.'sub".
D.C.R., of Vancouver.  ~' 7/ .7 *7 7 7
The need for such  a socl4ty. has
been a long felt .want In this city. We
are living in a time when capitalism
demands the maximum of our' physical
energy.   . The intelligent man or woman ■ understands what   this „' means.
The' more one's-energies" are, "sapped
the more subject one is to) attacks of
sickness and disability."..,   Again, • the
mining fraternity are always subject
to accidents, the vast majority of" a
minor cliai acter..  Two weeks' disablement makes a vast difference on the
statement 'sheet, and those" who suffer the deficit are'the wives and little'
children of the unfortunate.'  It should
be the bounden duty- of all married
men and women to seek to the legitimate aid of tlieir fellows in' times of
prosperity.      Wlien adversity comes,
he or she can Id'ok confidently and
legitimately for the support to which
they were contributory.    The man or
woman that has joined a mutual aid sb-
ciety has reached a higher,standard of
living, is> of a deeper intellectual ,and
moral character.    For morals are but
the reflex of material considerations,
fellow men! protect yourselves, your
wives, your little children.   - An op
portunity will-be given ybii.ipf joining
the' most democratic "of;! friendly:, and
henevolent societies. -'.The court will
meet on the firsthand th'ird-Moiiidaya
of the month at- 7.30 "pirn., at the K; P.'
mil.;.' -   ' ' "-"■.' y   yy ;y •'■/
The  officers' elected for "the first
term^,        ■  ' ■       .' ; /.  iyv •
'lDr._W. H. K. Anderson", J.P.C.R.
V'C. R Andrews, C.R.- ' y   •"' ,v'
- ;W: Ramsay, Treasurer.   -   •■
,; X Lane,'Secretary. ,'•'   -   • 7
-" J. H." Turner, S.W.'  ,_.- '",V   -';
C. B_ "Anderson/J.W..  - , \
J..H. Rawler, S.B. /    " 7
W.- Bird, J.B. y 7 '
MOOSE' JAW,. IJov.-.20:—Mrs/Levy
owner-of a boarding .house~at:.Moose
Jaw, has filed _ on ",a Cancelled' home-
steady and, pre-eriiptioif "on"' section" 18.
township IV range".8,' after holding the
door,knob of the'iand office Herefrom.
. -*"-! 2;§0'otclock Friday afternoon'until'ttie
office opened on' Saturday^ morning at
9.  ' The homestead "is 8% miles' south-J
oif Vanguard and the o'tner half of the j
section is held at over $50, an acre that
price haying been^ refused recently.-' ,'
11 ■   ' OUANBROOK, B.C. -,      ,     7-
(Cambridge Hij»hor Local Honours Certificate,
Birmingham University Kslueation Diploma.).
Assistant;-Miss Hoim^on-. (Diploma of tho Co"
lego of, Teachers for tho Doaf nnd Dumb.)
Torms for "bourdon) and ,day scholars on application to tlio Headmistress.
.{Call "today;, arid select'your 'Greeting'-'
Cards ;jor. Christmas.' 7 You will .liW.;
our samples. "'Ledger-Officay   ,: -.-■
Classified Ads.-Cent a Word
Dry  Cordwood
The  undersigned, are .prepared  to
purchase Good,  Sound  Cordwood .In
large or small quantities delivered at
our works or on cars at outside points.
For further "particulars apply to our
local Manager at the works, or address
,   FRANK LIME CO., Limited.
• »FrankF Alta.
,  John A. Henderson, Mgr.
...WANTED.—Fifty, loaders' at new
mine of Chinook Cotj.1 Company, Ltd.,"
at Ooalgate, near Diamond City, Alta.
Steady work.. Apply.to Chinook Coal
Company, Ltd., /Sherlock: Building,
Lethbridge,-or. direct-to superintendent/W. P. Thomas, Dlr*mo'id-Oily.
A'borta. ' '&' , -It 12
DI.ESSMAKING.--A young lady,
first°class Dressmaker/'is' seeking employment, by the say. Apply, care
Mrs. Carlyle, McPherspn Ave., or
'Phjne 145. ,    ,     . 3t-12
DESPATCH from\Cochrane, in Northern Ontario, published iu The Globe yesterday, says
railroad contractors on the National Transcontinental have been obliged to close, down work for
:bc year as a consi-quenee of the exodus of Bulgarians for the war." This is one of the many illus-.
trations of the widespread disturbance of life all
over the worl'd caused by a local war on the shores
of the Black Sea covering an area of less than a
dozen Ontario counties. \ - .-
'The declaration, of war .in the Balkan'States in-
ain with ten hours, and the report that a Greek
navy had'taken'comhiand of the Dardanelles raised
the'price of wheat in Chicago.     Stock markets in
London^ Berlin, Paris and New York were injur-,
iously- affected, • and hundreds of Canadians who
knew little and cared less about the Balkan question suffered serious financial loss. >   Trade has
been interrupted in all parts of the world.    Indus-,
tries for a time were paralyzed not only by the sudden confusion of the world's credit, but by the'with-,,
drawal of thousauds of ^yorkracn' from economic
labor to return to their native "countries as soldiers
at thc expense of those engaged in remunerative
production.    And yesterday's ..despatch   reports
seven hundred Bulgarians "bound for the front,"
causing delay and loss in tho construction of. the
National Transcontinental Railway across Canada.
1   All this means that tlie word is getting too ,small
for war-.    Every advance of civilization, every discovery of science, every improvement'in the means
of international communication, and every widening of tho bounds of human thought makes war
botweon any two nations an archaic, pagan aud intolerable nuisance to every other nation   in   tho
world. , Woro it not that the so-called "Powers"
aro themselves still tho victims of the military delusion this now exploded bluff of tho Turk would long
ago havo been ended as thc antics of a half-drunkoi)
desperado in a Rocky Mountain mining camp or of
a hold-up gang in a railway cutting would bo ended
by a squad of Northwest Mounted Police.
What is needed in Britain and Germany today is
not so much annual expenditure of $500,000,000 on
Uio moans of war, tho incitements to tho warlike
tompor, and compulsory training for war, but rather a comi.ion.soiifio appreciation of tho stupid folly
of war, ilH humbug patriotism, and il* impertinence
as a disturber of tho legitimate lnuiinoHi. of tho community of intorpendonl nations. What civilized
loenl society lias dono with tlio brawler ami tho
bully must now bo done by civilized society with
any brawling ond bullying nation. War is out of
date. Tt is brulnl. It is stupid. Aud ovon at
best it,loaves tlio ronl question at issue lo bo solved
by intornatioal law, roason, and arbitral justice.
If war in the little Balkan territories puts out of
gear the machinery of tho world's industry, trado
and credit, what would war between Britain and
Germany meim? Tliat question makes world-lvou-
«wn nut, of wnr Hr»nreR nnd tlif> wnr tnlk thnt feeds
tho wnr fover, Wnr anywhere \n nu in. \mtieo nnd
n cnrHo everywhere. The world k too small for
it nnv more.—Toronto Globe.
Every Night—8 to 10 o'clock.
At least five reels nightly", Feature films, Com-
edies, Educational, Instructive.   •
Prices 10c & 25c
A  pleasant evening's entertainment, House
comfortable, commodious and well heated
.  ,■• .. - "^
FOR SALE—Two Remington Typewriters in good condition. Apply^
Lawe and Fisher. • > 4t-
. FOR, RENT.—Four-roomed House
—Apply. W. Mlnton, Lindsay" Ave.,
Annex, or"H.M.," Ledger Office..
CHIROPODIST—Corns, Bunions, ingrowing, nails, painless' treatment;
work "done by appointment. A. B.
Dlnsmore, Fernie Barber Shop, . 13-4tp
A.. McDougall;1,Mgr."
Manufacturers of .and Deal-
, ers in all kinds of Rough .
and Dressed Lumber
'■■■ r.;
•M s_* '"
SendW vour orders
at Beaver Mines. For- particulars
apply to Secretary Miners' Union.   ,
FOR SALE—<5heap; • uncalled for
Overcoats. Suits, Pants and Vests; al!
_!_-es. Pantorium Tailors?, over Mclean's Drug Store. ,".- »3-3t
H OUSEKEEPER * Wanted f of' working man.    Apply, P. 6. Box 102.      St
SALE—Practically new. 7N. F. Pite)
Howland Avenue. , 13-3tnp
R 0 Y M
STOVES..' Apply, Mrs.".Fred Jones,
Mill, Street,'West-Fernie. 3t.
Showing people "my "literature about,
of B.C. now being developed, by rail-'
roads and other vast"interests.'  Splendid    seller.     Liberal ''commissions;
prompt settlements; good material to
work. with.     S. J. Wilson, 118 Hast-.,
ings Street Wcstj .Vancouver, B.C. '3t
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Call in and
see us once
Shooting Season Starts Sept. 2
Como in and see our line of
Guns, Rifles, Ammunition
J. D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture
Bur supplied witlis the best Wines,'
"   c Liquors and Cigars
1   '•   ij
Grafton and Bennett
\    f » '
Are selling Agents for an
Further details will be given later
T..   .1,
NOW thnt the «m»l{f> of Itnfflc )\m jwnmM fn
tho Btntex it iu more en»y to ..ificern tho Rtund*
tug of ihti \\iMlU:n\ parti.-.., fto f.u' ..>. w.. Ktn-iul-
UtN nro concerned we hnvn reunion to feel jubilant
over _..<> rapid progr/w vo are malum*, To (rain
over one humlrctl per runt within a (..tort period nf
four yr*r» i* JwrniMhing thai ir.- ar« folly entitled to
_:uui_;v-.t.-.-.U. ..u_'.u..v....    Muni uf U.w h. ...U.uv I.*...
.r i,
tl. I* I
,i c,
A. ,.Tr.,.v.,0
loHt ono of ita nblcHt nnd atnunehesit Kiipportora. a
mnn who devoted many yenrn to thc ennse. Through
tho Appeal to Reason million., of people knew him
ns if perfionnlly nequnintcd, for in ita column.., ea-
peeinlly until n fow yoara ngo. he breathed hia very
ainvority, integrity nnd atendfnatiieMs. Ho wna a
__.ui'i_tiy;h ui.wspiLjicr mua and hid he v. ;;.!u\I couUI
ha vi. ntiide hia mark in larger field* »f journalism.
He, Ijowever, felt \ht,1 SuHalixm nccdc'l him more
nnd built tt], n Hooiiiliat pnper ?ecoml!» none In tile
•Kii.inlry. Tl'e rewa of h>? «!e«tl« n-«.« r^-^iv^f wi*'i
poigtutnt Ki^'Cbi- Hodalir.ta thi'iiu;;!:"... ttie v.avt.t.
the Best of
Fine Neckwear, Sox, Caps, Underwear, Shirts, Suits,
Trunks, Grips, Boots.& Shoos, como to
James H. Naylor, Bellevue
  .,  r-rr —r-. ;==;;=
Everything «old with a guarantee thnt if not satisfactory, you can return it ar.d got your monoy back
Liquor  Habit Cured
In Three Days
No  Hypondermle   Injections
No injurious, and After Effects
'   Mn.  EDITH   BENT,  Manager.
Cranbrook, B.C.
Box 325. , Phone 273
Grand Union Hotel
.    COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingmaris trade
G. A; CLAIR ;.,• Proprietor
A Ledger Ad. Brings Results
Bellevue Alta.
Gommei/cLil House
Best accommodation in the Pass
Up-to-date — Every convenience
Excellent cuisine'
Suitable for Ladies & Gentlemen
H. B. Hineline
-v -•*'.-■
, y-,-i -.'
7; $7
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COLEMAN   NOTES   '.]-, ♦
Saturday ,was pay.^ day. at.the several
camps, and the usual amount of activity prevails., ■'•■. y ■..' ••'
[' The .lecture'-'given, here". the other
night by Prof. Wm_\Palty-'on the.'use
of' wireless, Radium'and Liquid" Air,
and the experiments whlcli he gave,
was very entertaining- as well as Instructive. ' A large number took the
opportunity to.see and hear what the
professor had,to say,-while to see that
1 wonderful mineral' discovery—radium
—was alono well worth the price of
admission. r
,- Coleman seems to have the marriage
.feyer these days as most .of the young
,-moii are getting married. - There were
"four weddings this last week-end and
one is being celebrated- at the time of
writing.' We nlso hear that there are
several' to come off; shortly. Although tfvo have been unable to discover' the names of the contracting
parlies,' this does not prevent us wishing them every happiness. Leap
year only comes' once in four years,
boys, keep the' good work going.
-Miss Edith Connolley, of Gilllngham,
who has been visiting friends in tovvn,
returned to her home this''week-end.
Comrade C. M. O'Brien /svas a visitor
in town for the • week-end.     We are
glad to see him looking hale and hearty'
as usual, but were Borry to hear.- of
the sad death.of his father, who was
drowned ^last' week; and > his :' many
friends-wiBh to tend their . sympathy-
through the columns of the'Ledger.
Mr.' T:.W. Milley was a3 visitor to
Fornie for the week-end,...-   ■
Tbis little burg ls certainly getting
trict with regard to doing any Sunday business, as an order has been Issued to cIobc the restuarants and baker shops from Saturday night till Monday morning, so that anyone wanting
a meal on Sunday had "better get it'
Saturday night, or go hungry on Sunday;    .What is this old world coming
!to, anyway? ,,. But,' then,- "What's the
TJse?"'let her go; there'll come a time
some-day!     •     \   '    »j   '._,,'     <
•Don't forget the dance at the Opera
■ House every Monday,, night.     ;\,  -
- .The.   Imperial.' English",,.Handbell
Saturday night, November23rd. Every
'body come and hear them, as tliey are^
'noted throughout the'country for their'
excellent, music which they' produce
from the cpoimpn .bells, such .as-we',
hear in the good.fold summer time, In
the green, grassy dells and mountain
sides.'.      ,/-■--      ... ■ ,_   7,      '
Mrs.-Wm. Maddlson and Mrs. Sam
Turner, of Bellevue, are visiting In
town, the. guests of Mr and Mrs, John
Hadfleld. .   •'
Charllo looks lonesome these days.
Wonder what's wrong? Spruce up,
lad, better days coming.
♦♦*»♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ,        HILL.CRE8T NOTE8  ,    . ♦
♦• - ' / ♦
Hillcrest ls .getting prominent now.-
In ^addition' to' the different industries
that we have already, we understand
that a carpet factory is to be-opened
uphere shortly. ^ Every; little helps.
, ;(Received- too" late for'publication
last week.) -   "-. y .-■    ----', .- y.\ ,
•'Vice-President Jones has been "in
town for the last few days. ■ His many,
friends are pleased to see him.vi sit his
home town.
,The;.contract for the erection of the
new skating rink has been awarded to
Mr.'Jake Wheeler, of Frank.' We don't
know the exact size of this'rink, but
Mr. Wheeler says it will eclipse anything oj its kind in the Crow's Nest
Pass.   .' '  , -    j ,       —   '
Mr. .George Wallace, of this town,
left on Saturday's local for' Medicine
Hat, where he met his wife;-.who was
on her way from Nova Scotia: Mr
and" Mrs. Wallace arrived in Hilcrest
Sunday morning, and will make their
future home in the Pittsburg of Canada.      , • 7 ,   .
■ William Gouther, who was injured in
the mine a few weeks ago, returned to
his work last week.-
Joseph Pearson, a miner, suffered a
painfull1 injury when his shoulder was
broken ,by a fall of coal a few days
{.go. 7 We hope to see him around
again soon.        \   _  ■ y
■ Mr. Walter D. McLean, :'of. the McLean Engineering and' Construction
Company,°wh6 had their office in.Hlll-
crest some time ago, is visiting friends
In town. Mr-. McLean is the owner of
some beautiful ho'upes on ,Broadw&y.
We understand the Hillcrest' miners
are paying him very high rent for
them, so it's not a bit surprising to
see Walter' in town. •
. One evening last week an exciting
runaway took place here? when one
of Wm/Ryan's teams broke away from
their driver on the side of Turtle
Mountain. /They dashed down the
hill at a fairly good speed, but stopped
when they got to the creek. It was
then. that Mr. Ryan saw what they,
were running for.  '
The mines are working- steady here,
but lately, we notice'quite a few miners
coming home early. Shortage of
timber Is reported'to be the cause.
. The many friends of H. J.' Cunningham, formerly manager of the Union
Hotel, but now In" Kelowna.B. C, are
sbrrys'toTlearn that~Ee7i_. suffering
with, a couple of broken ribs. •
1 Thomas Bradley left for, the Brazeau
coal field. Mr.; Bradley Ms an old-
timer in~Hjllcrest, and we wish him
success' In his future-undertakings.'
- If Charles Warlaby, brother- .
in-law of WInounskie. "(deceas-,
ed) late of_ Corbin, B. C, will/,
kindly communicate with-District Secretary A. J. Carter, '
he will hear   of   something
which will be to his interest.
By Wearle Willie.
I \
•r -1
Mr. Charles Cohon' and family of
this town had a vory narrow obchpo
on Sunday night, when tlio high wind
„ lmrlod n small bnru belonging .to'John
Walker ngntast tholr houso. Forlu-
nately no one was Injured, but' tho
Iioubo was damaged consldorably. Mr
Jako Wheeler'is replacing the broken
Mr. Sam Cameron has rosignod his
position as night dork in tho Hillcrest
Tho fonco around our skating rink-
was'blown \ down ion Sunday nlgtit.-
Thlfl U the socond tlmo this fonce
lias boon knocked down. Tho commlttoo docldod to put it up no moro.
Mr, Tod dough, of this town, started to work in tho mlno last woek, Tod
nays no moro bartending for mlnot
Dill Qillgamon, thb well-known electrician, was visiting friends In town
rocontly.    Mr. Glllgnmon Is Just back
from Pocahontas, whoro ho completed a job for tho coal company at that
plnco.   ,
Wllllnm rtlloy, of Lundbrock, paid a
■ flying vUlt to our town tant wook.
Frank Hoso, of thin town, who mif*
forod a bovcio Injury In tho mino a few
months ago, lo ablo to walk around
" Tho young foik of tl.ln town Piijoy*
od tho dnnco vory muoh on'Monday
night,. Wo would bo vory pleased If
our young and old men would kindly
loavo their pipes at homo next tlmo
thoy go to a danco. Smoking Is not
calculated to improve tho ntmoiphero
of thl* rnnm vir nrtrt tn thn ffnmti\rtn nf
the IndteB.    So, boy*, let u« not tnrn
n dnnco Into a smoker In the futuro.
Wa noticed In the Lothbridgo Herald
tbe IHHcreat correspondent drawing
tlio attontlon of the publlo to tho stato
of the Hillcrett Hrldre. and that (n th«.
event of an accident tho government
ihould be held responsible.    Wo un-
dontand that the government hat been
ankod sovoral times to look Into tbo
condition of this bridge, and, tf necessary, to replace It  However, we un«
ikratand from the Mutator of Public
Works that It l> tho coal company who
U to bUrnti fov tltU, und .hut thu Hill-
cr«it Collieries, Ltd., will be hold re-
•pomlblo   if   nny accident happens,
tf this It tho ease then the latter
should bo compelled   to   rectify the
matter, or tlircsu H out with ttie gov-
Mr. Eddy was In Corbln this week,
on business. -
Mr McLandors, late of Michel, was
In Co'rbln selling' real estate this
week. , '.,..•
Mr and Mrs. Joe Crooks and family
loft hero on Monday for a trip to the
old country; •'
David Welch has taken over the
lnmphouso vacated by Joo Crooks.
Frank ls busy thoso days fixing up
his new houso, ■ '  '
It. T, Steward was at Fornlo last
week-end, returning on Monday with
some good news.
Mrs. M. D. McLean was a visitor1 to
Corbln this week.,,
1 Mrs. Macdonaid went to Hosmer on
Monday on business,
Mrs. Thomas Ball arrived ln Corbln
thin wook from tho ranch. Tommy ie
all smiles theso days.
Missouri Bill has quit IiIb job. Bill'
don't bollevo in working IB hours,
Mrs, Gerard It) on a visit tb Corbln,
Bho Is staying at tho homo of R, Rod-
Tho plcturo shows nro a groat attraction nt Corbln. Two prizes wero
glvon away'on Sunday last, ono to
the ladles and ono to tho gents,
Tho Corbln pool room Is booming
thoso days.    Oh, you poa-pool sharks!
Joo Matt oaya ho is tho crack pool
plnyor of Corbln, but Mlko always puts
him off his horso,
What's tho matter? wo nro getting
nomo flno woathor In Corbln)
Forgo, tho Flutlioad king, has started
to work ln tlio storo up hero.
Mr and Mrs. Rowling wero visitors
to Corbln this weok,
ments.' Good singing. Come and
have a good time. Smoker to commence at 8 p.m. sharp. ; ,      ;
Saturday last was pay day. up here.
Quite a large number of Creekites took
in the attractionswhich Fernie offers.
The smoker and presentation to ,Geo.
O'Brien, lield in the basement of the
Miners' Hall, was.well represented by
A little Inconvenience was caused
to, some of the householders up here
on Sunday morning, when they found
the .water off, owing to not having
seen'the notices.
The vicinity of the Olub presented
a warlike appearance on Sunday night
about 9 o'clock, when a" coon by name
of Arthui; Green commenced a shooting business on' his own, Injuring one
raan. Green now lies in the Provincial
jail.    '
The concert held in the Presbyterian
Church oh Monday night was very well
attended, the place being full. - Rev.
Pearson occupied the chair. The following participated in- the evening's
entertainment: Mrs. Watson', Mrs.
Percy, Miss A. Jones, Miss McCourt,
Messrs. Hewitt, Bailey, G-. Finlaysori,
R. Sampson. "The sum of $17 was realized,, and this goes ■ to the church
funds.     . ' • " * „
Subject for next Sunday's sermon
at Presbyterian Church is "The Conversion of a Religious, Sinner." Everybody, welcome. -■-.,. 7
The stork paid a, visit to Holy-City
on Tuesday, leaving another son to
Mr and Mrs. John Shanks. Mother
and child, doing "well.
The ladies' aid in connection with
the" Methodist'Church desires to thank
all who assisted -in anyway towards
Hit! bazaar held in the church on Wednesday. Mrs. W. R: Wilson, of Fernie,
manner,. The following were "in
charge,'of .the various stalls, .etc.:
Drapery stall—Mesdames Young and
Hartley; ., refreshments—the Misses
Knowles; Candy, etc.—Mesdames
CISfke and Eckersby; bran dips—
-.'ilsses- Halls and. Youngs; waitress,
Miss Nelly Milburn. There was a
good attendance, .everything being sold
out by 8.30 p.m. Games brought a
pleasant day to a close. The efforts
put forth1 realized the sum of $76.60.
Mrs. D. F. Markland was admitted
to hospital on Friday 15th to undergo
medlcnl treatment, \   '
• ,We are expecting to have our own
"Professor" back among us this weekend, as we are pleased to report tho
llttlo girl is now ori tho high road to
recovery./ Solitary confinement don't
suit Willie.
Billy Smith has quit here and is go-
ing to seek" pastures ,new... It's all
off with the Glee Club now, I doubt
•Mrs. Steve Lawson and famjly. accompanied by' her mother, left for the
old country last Sunday evening.
W. E. Smith was visiting at Michel
on Wednesday.
Geo. McQueen, PI. Smith, H. Maund-
rell, went hunting last'Sunday and se-,
cured three deer and one of.the party
was'very'generous about distributing
the carcases. Well, how liV.did it" is
no business of ours. He is some hunter is that boy.
'By the time the gymnasium,apparatus is here the" club will be ready to
move into .their new-quarters and the
gymnasium-when completed would .do
credit to a town ten nnies the size of
Hosmer. .The apparatus will consist
of a horizontal bar, a pair of parallel
bars, swinging rings, boxing and wrestling,' basket ball and othei^. gymnastic
paraphernalia.' As the initial cost is
heavy, intending members are asked fo
sr,rd their names,-together with their
subscriptions, to Alex. Linton, secretary. The fee is one dollar per month
or $5 for the season.
Another tonsorial artist has started
up in town in the premises next John
Wylie's Store.
XV. Ranklne has been appointed fire
boss in A.Level mines.
J. D. Thompson' has quit the Elk
and commenced work at the C. P.R.
depot as operator.        '■ '      A
-The lumber camps have been'shut
down for an indefinite period and last
week the majority of the company's
employees were paid off.
L. Ai L'anthier has quit the livery
business., and is now attending bar .at
the Queens. *■*.
Arthur Wellington had the misfortune to nave his ankle sprained in the
mine this" week.'-        ,.,
"The Glee Club had their usual practice last -Thursday in the mess house.
Sam Edwards has gone east to join
Mrs." Edwards,'who Is visiting friends
at Orangevllle, Ontario.
♦ -V.
♦ ♦♦"<
homn wrnln from th«. hnRpltnl'looVlt.!,
flno nftor tholr treatment.
. Alex, Flshor, of Fornlo, wai up on
Wednesday viewing tho Club premliei.
Bob Dootson foil whllo on hla way
hnmtf In WoUn Pnmn ivhirh himtfinn.
ed him to lay off for a day or so.  Wo
wish you a speedy recovery, Dob.
Tlto Amateur Dramatlo Society have
decided to give tbeir first concert on
December 10th, procedti to be devoted
towards tblnc ft Chrlitmas tree and
P-<.m.nu to tbo (fhlldron. Particulars
Hen Pearson, of Mlrhol, is In ramp
superintending tho Installation of tbe
n«»Unit apparatus at the Club,
Don't forget the smoker and Cup
and Modal presentation fo be bold at
tbe blub on,i Saturday, November iini.
_Uu.Uft.o_., (Mc.     Heat   ol   rftfmVv
Mr. A. Sutherland was In town Inst
woek ond Inspecting tho boilers of tho
mlno plant.
Mr. T. H, Williams, mlno Inspector,
was horo on Wodnosday last.
Mr. W. Downlo loft for Calgary on
Wednesday night's1 train,
Nurse Stevenson left for Nelson on
Monday morning.
Look out for, the grand social on Btlr
Andrew's 13vo, glvon by tho ladles'
aid- of tho Prosbytorlan Church.
Mr, Jim Bain is driver boss on tho
afternoon shift now.
Andy Is looking; prely soro theso
days, Ho can't got a. job digging,
that's tho trouble.
Anothor harbor hns cashed In, there
la only tho ono now~A. White hopo.
Tho boys ln tlio moss houso had a
flno tlmo Inst Saturday evening, tho
occasion bolng tho doparturo of Mr.
Downlo for .lunkhead.
Chief Flro Wnrdon Wllmot was In
town this wook-ond.
l*ols of freo boor bolng thrown
around ou Sunday last, tho ocrnslon
was tho christening of Steve Tnvorok's
Rumor Is qulto current, that A. 11. is
going to shut down, but wo can't vouch
for tlio truth of It yet.
D. 0. Wilson ha* gono for a short
liolldav in T<ntbhrldew
(Hecoivod too late for publication
last week.)
It wis a fooling of regret tbat we
lonrn cf tho tramfqr of Mr, W. Downlo
the accountant here. He lenves to
nil.'o it *• similar -position nt Bank-
head, During the abort time Mr.
Downie hae been In our midst ho hns
cwatod many friend*. Tlo Is a good
rnort and would have been ono of
the mainstays of the Hosmer Athletic
Club which ti only now getting on a
good financial basis.
Mr. LuwU QlockuU wne a visitor
here laut week.
Mr and Mrs. Love and family left
B/C, where they expect to reside in
future. Mr. Love was(in the furniture
department of Crow's Nest Hardware.
Mrs. Geo. Pattinson left on Tuesday
morning for Lethbridge to spend a
Aoliday. - .
Mr. E. Acheson, Mr. J. Kennedy and
Rev. W.j S. Young attended .the anniversary'of, the Orange.Lodge,at -Hillcrest on Tuesday evening, which was
held in the form of a social, evening.   ■
One of the interstlng events of the
week was the debate held   In-   tho
church last Thursday night, under tho
auspices of the young men's club. The
subject, "Resolved that it Is expedient
that Women bo given equal suffrage
wllh Men," drow a largo crowd.   The
affirmative was taken byW.'T. Young,
W.,J. McGowan, and Fred Allot, whllo
the negative was ably handled by II.
D. McKay, E, Acheson and J. Flnlayson.    The judge's decision gavo tho
affirmative five points of a load, which
brought loud applause from the ladles,
The boxing bout, which came off
at Blairmoro on Saturday, or tho "Bunny Hug," as Jt 1ms slnco boon called,
wns decided a draw.   The boxers wore
Dick Marshall, of HUlcrost, nnd Greenwood, of Calgary.    Tho affair proved
to be a farco .and only went ton rounds
instead   of fifteen, tho' excuse being
that thero was not a largo enough
crowd,    When pooplo go to see a boxing bout thoy don't oxpoct to see a
couplo on lho stage acting as If thoy
woro In lovo with each othor, and tho
soonor tlioy realize It tho bottor It
will bo for ovorybody concorned.
LaBt Saturday waa supposed to be
pay day horo, but owing to Homo'delay
In tho arrival of the monoy tho company had to put off paying until Wodnosday or Thursday.
A mooting of tho union was hold on
Sunday nftornoon, and by rt majority
voto lho mon docldod not to go to
work again till tlioy got tholr pay, and
consequently they nro nil on strlko
thia wool, and tho monoy hns not como
Last Sunday evening-n fierce wind
storm got under wny, nnd on Monday
morning tlio town looked hh if IInl-
lowo'cn had como iiRnln. Windows
woro Hinashod nnd bul1dlr<ga blown off,
ns well ns everything that waB looao
lrnvlng travelled.
Frank vim vlsltod with a bim'Im.h
fire on Monday morning, about -.,..</,
...u t_.«.-(.__.-.!._ uvmn tuouitu'.   nom
].].'..' jX__f .-fu_ _J-....),'U;. hy ..jo .y.,i'.vi,n
of a fire whistle, Tho flro bioko out
6ii tho bnck of the Minors' Hnll, und
wa* well under way boforo It was
nttlcod by tho proprietor, Mr, O'l.ara,
• t* ft ii < f
node were on the ground and had tw<?
strong streams playing on tho blnie.
which had already roachol tbo roof,
and aftor hard work the hhtn wna
extinguished na far aa could bo de*
tected, and onco twain tb* people returned to bod, but not for long, bo»[
ratine at flvo o'clock thn whlntlo blow <
again, thli tlmo the flro having brok- J
burned, especially inside, which will
render it "almost useless. The hotel
building .is owned by" the Coal Company, while the furniture belonged to
Mr. O.Hara, and it is also seriously
damaged.'' Frank is to be congratulated on the strength of Its' fire brigade,
as well,as on the equipment they possess-to handle fires with.
Will we have a rink or not? has
been a common question around here
lately, and nearly everyone was sure
we would. Yet- there is always a
few pessimistic souls that don't see
things on their brighter side.' However, the question has been settled.
^ meeting was held' in the school hall
and eyerybody was a booster. Such
statements as Frank was never as~
prosperous as this year might have
been heard, and. at once a rink was
decided on. Heretofore the older meii
were the'responslble parties, this year
they all wanted to take a back seat,
give - subscriptions, etc., and let the
young men run the affair, and even
do the work i£ they feel so,disposed.
A rink committee was appointed,
composed of H. D. McKay, sec.-treas.;
N. "Ekrosby, F. AllSt, J. Hamilton, M.
J. McKinnon! D Duiilop, E Dorkln, E.
Acheson, C. Thompson, E. Harlow and
W. T. Young, who started in to work
enthusiastically, and already have the
rink in readiness for-flooding.''
■ Tbe'Hockey Committee is composed
of J. H. Fraser, hon. president; L. W,
Kribbs, C.-.I. Tompkins, J. Finlayson,
J.'McDonald,-E. Manuel''and A. Goy-
ette honorary" vice-presidents. President, ' Dr. McKay; ' Vice-president, J.
Murray;-Manager/Mr. Tompkins; Ed.
Donkin, Fed Allot and W. T. Young,
committee. . It was also decided to
put a team in the Crow's Nest Pass
Hockey League, and from material
that Is at hand lt looks as if Frank
should have the strongest team this
year it has. ever had.    •
The subject of the address at the
Methodist Church next Sunday night
will be "A'.Young Man's Environment'
and His Religion." ' Text, Luke ii.,
52.--    Discussion at the close.
Married ".
- At the home , of . Geo. , Carovano,
Frank,-by Rev. W. S.'-Young, on Saturday, Nov.-16th, George Solvador, of
Coleman,', to Miss Margarita Gugliel-
gathered during-the evening and a social 'time was spent.
(For other Camp' News see page 6)
Don't forget to try Easton's
When you want " ■   ,
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
Hardware and Furniture
« We have the,largest and most up-to-dato
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in the Pass.    Everything in •   ■ ,
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating. ,   Special Attention to Mail Orders
Stoves and Ranges (
Granite & Enamelware
/Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7      FRANK,  Alta.     P.O. Box 90
* . How^sThis?
Wo otter One Hundred Dollars Reword lor an/
caso ol Catanb that cannot bu cured by Hall's
Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CHFNEV & CO., Toledo, O,
Wc, tho underslBncd. have,known 1-'. J. Clicncy
for tho last 15 years, and believe hlin ix-rt.ctly honorable in all business transactions and llminclally
able to carry out any obligations made by his firm.'
"    National Bank or cou«ii.rce.
Tolnlo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Curo ls taken Internally, acting
directly upon the blood nnd mucous surlaccs of tho
systom. Testimonials vent freo. Prlro 70 cents per
bottle.  Sold by all DnicBlst..
Tako Hall's family Fills for constipation.
to 10.30
Prices, 10c and 15c
F. M. Thompson Co.
■     y
The Quality Store
Blairmore,  Alta.
Fine Groceries.      Sole Agent for Five Roses Flour
Selected Teas,  Pure Coffees and Spices.    Finest Creamery
Butter and Cheese.     .Canned Fruits in Variety.
Choice Syrups and Molasses
Dry Goods     Crockery     Clothing     Boots and Shoes
A complete assortment of goods usually kept in a First Class Store.
Foreign & Domestic goods of every description.   Goods delivered promptly, free of expense'.   Phone 25. or call and get our prices.
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries, Dry Goods, and General  Merchandise
on out nt the front of tho bn'Id.iiK-!
jluiinj. traveled between tho nputrtlr*
, floor and tho down*talr» Collins;.  Thl*
- tlmft It <1I<1 mor« damur* then <it. timt ,
! ...in.-i.ic ono »!d« of tbe bulldlnmr badlv.
Sru^lSj w#£ *"«* "w* "m tAt'lTho bttllrtlntr, though mod, fg badly
The People's Store
Owned by
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
Wo* invito tho inspection of tlie
public to our stock which is absolutely
fresh awl choW in ovory pnrtf«ii1._r_
Wo havo ono of tho finest stores
in tho Pass,
Wo /ire in every way suited to
supply the public with quality goods
at living prices. Could you expect
moro V
i.- il
- il
' sl
„'J-    n-l
•( ' .,'61
I ■ «W*U3_$W^<»**l!!^v;*^V*^^^
Sp^^^fW«q^rj»^ja'ayaac6i_a_p_i ^"       J
Bfe&ass&aaSBgaLte^^ ^ .-L^j^gMMaiiiK^a^^Mtjj;
. An Edmonton bank, clerk has been
arrested at Vancouver and has confessed to forging cheques to the extent of $60. .l '
■ A case of gay living, card playing,
theatre-going and drink some .will say.
But that is not so. ,
This young man, who is 20 years of
age, was receiving the miserable salary of ?50 a month, and on that was
supposed to pay all his living expenses
and keep up an appearance in the
city of Edmontou.
He could not live decently on that
, salary, and instead of going into debt,
robbed the bank.
When arrested he had not eaten for
three days, but had secured a position
in a store at a faiv.'salary,- and 'even
tbe police, who are proverbially hardhearted, believed him when he said he
intended' to live an honest life, and
pay back what lie had stolen.
This young man" no doubt did wrong
in. taking what did not belong to him,
but what about the people who put
him in a position of 3uch temptation?
The bank -he was- working for is
paying 'a dividend   of 12 per cent.
' It made a profit last year of $704,-
045.95 and has accumulated ,a reserve
fund of $5,702,799,007 7y
.Its board of ^directors .includes a
knight who is also a member of parliament, and severa! other million-
.aires.    ■ v
And they expect a bank clerk to be
honest and live in Edmonton on $50
a month.—Winnipeg Town Topics.
■ *    ■        ■ ■• - \ ' - -    -TV ;-."
NewsJrdmxthe C
jyj ANY brands of Baking Powder contain alum,
which is an injurious acid. The ingredients of
alum baking powder are never printed on the label.
Magic Baking Powder
contains no alum and is the
only baking powder made
in Canada that has all the
ingredients plainly printed
on the label.
Christmas Excursions
t _ i_,        ' n .       y
to Europe commencing: Nov. 7
to Eastern Canada, Dec. 1
Fernie-Montreal, return, 72.15
Fernie-Toronto, return, 67.15
Corresponding Low Rates to points in
Quebec, Ontario, and Maritime Provinces
■"5W* ■A'mcr.cA Fi'rwt"
J; S. Thompson, Agt     W&&
P.O; Box 305.   TeL 161
Mr. A. I. Blais .was a 'business visitor in Bellevue on Tuesday last,
Mr. Joe. McGough has accepted a
position as fire, boss at the Belleviie
No. 1 Mine. ' .    i   .
: Mr. S.i O. Thornley is in town on
Teal estate business this -week. He~
intends staying a few days.
■• Mr. G. \V. Cousens met with an accident on' Thursday while following his
occupation. It will be a few days
before he is able to start work again,
Mr. William Minton, an old-timer of
the Pass, was in town on business on
Thursday and Friday of last week.
He reports things good ln the real estate business.
Saturday was pay day at the Bellevue Mines and things are lively around
Quite a large crowd of the Bellevue
sports went to Blairmoro on Saturday
night to take ln the fi^ht between
Dick Marchell, of Hillcrest, aud Davis,
of Calgary. ' .
' Sam Davis,- who has been' in camp
for somt time past, jumped tlie other
day for Klpp, where he has secured a
position. The boys wish you'success,
\,William Harmstead, who has been
running a livery business in camp, for
some time past left Saturday night for
his home Jn Nottingham, England,
where he intends spending -.Christmas.
His many friends wish him a.good time
on his vacation.
■Blllie Rutter, who has been in camp
for some time 'past, -has pulled up
stakes and skipped to pastures- new.
We hope that you have good success,
Billie. ■
Mr. Sam Granger, one of the best
sports in camp," one who has given
many good boxing exhibitions in.this
Pass, left on Saturday night,for his
home in Nottingham, England,1 where
he intends spending Christmas with
his wife and family. - He says he will
be returning in'the spring. There
was a 'big crowd to see him-away and
to wish him a good trip across the "herring pond.'      ._■•_, '
A little girl,-Mackie, ,was operated
on in the Bellevue Hospital on*Thursday for appendicitis. Dr. McKenzie
'.ori'ormed the operation, assisted by
Dr.. Bell, of Passburg."    She is vop'ort-
^wi i »:». ~_«._~u^  -'• t>l ■■ ■   '
-uu-uuui£- n cu.—\TTt^VT,~'——:— '—'	
Sir. Arthur Padgett, of'Burmis,,"was
visiting some friends in Bellevue, on
Sunday last , 7y   ' ;     l  '    -
ject" "Environment
Governing" Human Activity.''
Nurse' Porter, of, Coleman .is'help^
irig with Dr.' McKenzie', at the hospital.
Mrs: Saiquel .Turner ".' isS visiting
friends in 'Coleman, \before , 'leaving
for Pocahontus,'"where ' she'/intends
joining her huiband in the near future.
Mrs. TWilliani Maddlson was'visiting
friends, in Coleman" the- latter, part of
the week. ,; '" " - .'"'■''.
, The-Bellevue Literary and .Scientific Society' held a' very interesting
debate on Wednesday ,night on the sub-
vs., Free Will' in
ThO debate iva.5 ieJ by Mr, Oeoige Bateman,
who held thai freedom o:. will did not
exist, but that the individual was completely the slave to environment. Will
Chappell occupied the chair. This
society meets every Wednesday night
nt 7.30.
Mr and Mrs". James Marshall will
leave for Nova Scotia on Monday next,
where they will make their home.,,
" The classes in English for foreigners meet on Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday nights, It^will be to tho interest of all .prospective students to register in these classes at tlie earliest
possible date. ' • .- ,
The heavy wind storm on Sunday
night did considerable damage around
the camp. ■ A barn collapsed and a
roof was blown off a dwelling owned
by George Knowles, The, house was
fortunately unoccupied at the time.
' Everybody should keep "in mind the
big sale of .work which takes place in
the Socialist Hall on December 17th.
- -4v
.'.—Vft •„> *
M£_Wi oft&i)
_. jr
,To Secretaries District1 $/.U. M. Wl of A.f-f7 .'-'<■. --BurmistcTPassburg^y .. y;     7 "*
Greeting:—.-"- "■'. ""■";- _"',.;.  ,    '-■  ■'"S-'l   .y'^Passlnirg appointed:;to''Maple. Leaf.
I beg .to- advise; ypu that' the 'Executive 'Board   'leaver Creek no' exchange:',-.;'    - ,.. r'
. arranged that the,Neutral Scrutineers slwulcNake''
chfirge of the election at;different Locals accord.
v ifig to the following list.:.'  .'■ 7 • - ■ y'     y''- ■;'"..
.     \      f    \"
; s"<y
' A sad,- accident-occurred at New
Michel early Sunday morning. A lumberjack by the-name of Wm. Murray
was returning to,camp when he was
struck by the flyer and instantly killed. .   - ',-
The dance'held in Loci-hart's Opera
House\on .Monday .was very largely,
attended, and;is" recorded as.'-one of
the best ever held. Great credit is
due - fo the' management for the way
in which everything was carried out.
. An entertainment and concert was
held in the -Methodist Church" Monday
.night,'which, wag;enjoyed by a large
number.. The, entertainment was something new. for Michel, and those who"
took part'in it are,to'be highly commended for the able manner in which
"thTyT;¥iTiM^rtireir7vafious parts. ■"
yMr and Mrs. Chancey Smith of Elk
River Valley were/visitors here1 Sunday and Monday. '
^ ,    '       7   Sub-District" No, 1
Fernie appointed "to Michel." -
. TMicliel appointed to Corbin.,- ;
Corbin appointed to Hosmer.
Hosmer appointed to Fernie.
Sub-District No.,2
Carbondale appointed to Blairmore.
Blairmore appointed to Coleman.
Coleman appointed to Carbondale.
Hillcrest appointed to Bellevue.
Frank appointed to Hillcrest.   '
Bellevue appointed to Frank.     ■ *
Maple Leaf appointed to Burmis.
S.  ■•*•."'"   Sub-District No. 3.   yy
EoyaF Collieries appointed to Chinook.-  ^ '7'  "■ V
'7y Chinook Mines appointed to!.JDi£jnond. City, 7': ■.,
-• "'Diamond City 7 appointed tb; Royal. Collieries. 7.
. Lethbridge appointed to Kipp.. <v     - ,■ .. .   , '
--■'Taber-102 appointed to Taber 1959.; -,     V y _) ]
':i~i   Tabef 1959 appointed, to Tal.el; 102. ,"        ■'"■''"
Sub-District No,1" 4.-
"   _ Bankhead. appointed tp Canmore.   . .
Canmore appointed to Bankhead. . •;'
Tlie appointees are kindly requested-to make ar ,
. rangements to be ready to take over their duties
by,9 o'clock morning of the date'of election.     -
_   Yours fraternally,   ■
, A. J. CARTER, '',    '.
. , Secretary-Treasurer.
7'.' i
. Joe Gans paid ■■a visit here Friday
last, leaving Monday for Winnipeg,
wEere he starts' in the real .estate
business. Joe is sole agent for Webb's
Centre Subdivision.
: The Government bridge, which is being "erected under -the able supervision ,of Mr. Thompson, is, fast nearlng
o  ci  . ' . ""
Miss Patterson, daughter of ■ Mr.
Peter Patterson, who is well known'
throughout the'Pass, was in camp Monday, soliciting subscriptions for the
Lethbridge Herald. We understand
that Miss Patterson has the highest
number of votes recorded so far, arid
hope she may continue to have so.
Rock Sud worth, of Coal Creek, w;as
i^visitor.here Sunday and Monday/and
all friends were delighted to see him,
believo me, and then some.
The meetings of Michel Local Union
are held every Sunday afternoon at^2
p.m. All members are requested to
attend^ • '      . ' '     , -
The benefit dance held in the Vene-
zia' Hotel on behalf, of R. Micellis,
Monday^ night, was a great success. A
large number.-attending. -,.'
' Ed.'Stacey is back in camp again.
Glad to see you, Ed. There's no place
like home.   > \    X   ■>'   „
Mrs'.;Chris. Maurer, of New Michel,
is visiting her parents' at Hillcrest.;
, >        Report of Gas Committee
,A We, the ".undersigned, liave_ examined the mine-known as New,No.'3 Mine,
East Level. Slight cap of gas In First
East Room. Half-inch cap'of gasln
cross-cut off Second Room, 3rd East,
Full cap of gas In Incline off 3rd East.
Explosive gas in 3rd East Level. Level
to be fenced off. R. 4 East Level and
crosscuts fenced off for gas, .West
side of slope clear.,
REMARKS.—Ventilation in 3rd East
Level badly conducted to , the face.
Ventilation on the East Side poor and
fairly good on West'side.7 Roof and
sides good. '•■ Timbering, good!*- Quantity of air on First Split, 9,000' cubic
feet per min. for 12 men and 3 horses.
Second Split East side, 16,000 feet per
min. for 14 men and five horses, West
Side, 22,400'cubic feet per.min. for 18
men and three horses;-        '.   ,'
(Signed) .17 NEWMAN,
,-    7      '      THOS YATES,
Inspection Committee,      x
New No. 3 Mine, Michel, B. ,C.
Michel, B. C, 18th Nov.; 1912.  v   "   '   L
Fernie Hotel
Best Commercial House
in: the Pass
'"* Excellent Cuisine
Fernie Cigar Store
and Haifdressing Parlor
Billiards and Pool
Lunch Counter
Ben Wallace
tions to'*prevail:
':; Presence   of , gas.  '- Explosive; gas;
abovetimbers in No. 1 Incline off Main
y, •    v" .     . y ' \   -yy.. ..,- ■    -
7 Pupils prepared fpr .Academic J_.xaminatibn
■   ■      !      at reasonable terms     "yy    '7
Miss M. H. Williams, I,. A. B.
.   Box 531 >.•'■
. , Care of.W._P. Williams   >
fi '
Tho Best Dealers Handle ROBIN HOOD
FLOUR. If your dealer does not, write
us and we will tell you how to get It.
Try Robin Hood Flour
at our risk
For Salo at Trltes-Wood Company, Ltd.
■■■ 7J-,
THE DISTBIGT^DGER, PERNIE,-  B.,0,f NOVEMBER 23, 1912.      :
P^fessional Mid-Wife -
When ,in-Spokane
Dr.: Mary
Swartz, Specialist in* Female Troubles.
Expert confinement    cases; -ygood
home for patients,     y    ^   '.'"SX'i
'"7  Di; Mary Swartz..,.
Galena Blk., Room 5, Post and Riverside, Spokane,-Wash.   '
Dr. de VariTs Female Pills
' A reliable French regulator; never fails. These
pills nre exceedingly powerful In rcRUliitlnu the
(icnerntlvo portion o( the fomnlo system. Kefuso
nil chenp imitations, Dr. de vnn'a nre sold nt
f5r> liox, or threo forSlO. Mailed to nny nddrcss.
tli« Bcobell Urns Co,, St. Cntlutrluen, Out.
..and v
Meals tlmt tasto liko
mothor used to cook
Best in the Pass
Job. Grnfton, Proprietor.
Liquor Co.
Wliolosalb .Dealers in
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals District 18
' 1334
Uankhoad  V. Wheatley, UanUhond, Alta.
Deavor Greek...... D. Kt.n.1., Tlonvnr Prwlr. vln PlnchiM"
Bollovtie..,.. Jamoe Hurlco, Box 80, ..<.11..vue Alta.    v
Mlairmore  W. 1_. Kvana, Llllo, Altn,
llurmla  J. Dorbyshlro, Uurnila, Altn. (
Carbondale J. Mitchell, Carbondalo. Coloman, Alta.
Canmoro ,. N. D. Thnahuk, Canmore, Altn,
Colemiu. W. Orfthnm. Colmntin. Altn.
Corbin  J. Jonos, Corbln, HC.
Chinook "Mines .... J. Bttntonl, Chinook Mlnos, Altai
Diamond City Albert Zak, Diamond City, Lothbridgo.
Fornlo Thos. Uphill, Fornlo, 1), (7
Prank Kvan Morgan, Frank, Altn.
.Hosmor ........... W- BMdors tono, llonmor, n. C.
Hllkrat    (Icorgu tt iuiiliarough, HtUcroxt, Attn
lethbridge L. Moore,    1731, Sixth Avonuo, North LothbrldRO.
U<ttiurltlt.*. Colllerlb<» Frank tit. rlntthani. sec, via.. Klpp, Attn.
Mnpto Lent  Robert Taylor. Maple-Leaf, Uollovue, Alta.
Michel  M. Burrell, Mlohel, B. C.
PawbnrR  A. Zuskar, Passburit, Alta.
noyal Vlow ,. Ooo. Jordan, lloynl Colllorlos, Lothbridgo, Altn.
Taber A- Patter*)!., Tabor, AHn,
Tnb«r  W n» Vi*n ib. TnUi, AlU.
, Kapitalizm zniosl z powierzehni zle-
ml starodawne urzadzehia. , drobne
rzemiosla w znacznej czesci zostaly
zrujnowane, albo "poszly w zaleznosc
odwielkiego przemyslu. 'Masa tych,
ktorzy prz<jdtem - byli' samo dzielni, 'za--
mlenil kapitalizm ,\v ludzi pozbawlon-
ych \vlasnosci, zniuszonych; znosic
wszelkie, ci erplenia wynilde' z prze-
pracowani.a niedostate cznego'zarobku
i peryodysznie powtarzajacych sie bez-
roboci.   '■
, Technlka azalonie ,sie rpzwlja I
stwarza olbrzymie bogactwa, lecz owo-.
ce tej coraz wiokszej wy dajnosci przy
padaja \v udzlale przewaznie kapltalis-
torn, duchowienstwu I urzednikorn.'
■Tymczasem sfosunkl wlasnosciowe
stoja soraz bardziej w sprzecznosci z
istota panujacego dzis sposobu produ-
kowania. 1
Odpowiadaja one, choc nie zupelnie,
leplej dawnym formom 1 urzadzeniom
pracy. -   ■ •
Dawnlej pracowal kazdy . rzemlesl-
nik, czy .rolnlk sam','. albo z kilkoma
czeladnikami w malym warsztacie, nie-
zaleznle.od innych producentow, pon-
iewaz rozporza dzal narzedziami! jak-
iemi'przy pracy sie poslugiwal, wiec
tez oby'wal' sie bez'wiekszej czesci'te-
razniejszych' posredrilkow. " Prywatna
"wlasnosc srodkow prpdukcyl Odpowiadaja taklej _ formie pracy.
Lecz z przeksztalceniem sie.warun-
ko?r pracy, ■ przeksztalconie tytulow
wlasnoscie stalo sie koniecznoscia.
Obencnie' najrozmaitsze towary sa
wytyarzane w wielkicli 'fabrykacb', a
rozgalezione komunikacye ladowe i
wodne przerzucaja je w najodleglejz-
ze zabytki swiata. W fabrykach nie
pracuja'juz ,w pojedynke, lecz setkami
tysiacami; praca ich scisle jest za-
lezna'od.calego.szeregu pracy innycli
robotnikpw l.dopiero tworzy calosc.
Dzis praca, jest zorganizowana, zbio-
rowa i uspoleczniona; natomiast- for-
my wlasnosci pozostaly nadal niezmie-
inne ikieruja sie prawera rzymskiem
z przed dwudziestu wickow., ,
, Mozllwem sie przeto staje ze wlasci-
ciele srodkow produkcyi—kapitalisci
zgarniaja7dla slebie I swoich sluzalcow
wytworzoh'e bo "gactwa", pozostawiajac
nedzne resztki dla najpozyteczniejszy-
ch ludzi, to jest dla, robotnlkow.
i okradzeni,' aby modz posia'dac wiel;
kie raaszyny/'wiec^sa zmuszeni, aby
zyc, sprzedawac jedynie "pozostawiony
imtowar—sile swoich mlesni.
Do jakiego srodka trzeba sie zatem
ucie'e, aby- usiinac "rie'dzo mas' pracii-
Stosunkl wlasnosci musza bye prze-
ksztalcone wton sposob, aby-odpow-
ladaly dzislejszeinu ^charakterowi pro-
Maszynyi wogolo'srodki prodii k'cyl
musza1 sie stac wspolna wlasnoscla
zorganizowanych mas roboczych', W
ory w rzeczywiatoscl posluguja slo ni-
eml przy jiracy; musza onl toz posia-
dac wlndzo, albo przynajmnlej 'wplyw
potozny przy podzlalo bogactw,
Praca wspolna, zespolecznlpna wy-
magn takzo iispolccznlonoj wlasnosci.
' Gdy sie to uskutooznl,' (wowczas us-
troj kapltalistyczny, w ktorym wyzy-
sk podnycji przez druglch stnnle slo
Co ssutom jost nlozbodncm?
Istnlejaco joszczo, a przezyto t'ormy
i pvivwa wlasnosci   Hn   dzlolom luclz-
Iciom;  sa regulownno pvzez pans.wo,
przez rzad.
Rto poslnda wlndzo, ton stnnowl
prnwa. r •
Jczoll wloo dazymy do przcksztnl.
oenln formy wlnsnoscl, to muslmy pos-
ladnc yvlrtdzo polltyczna.
■ \V d'/lBlojszyoh ozaHach>l<lnHa kapi-
tallB'tyczna dzlorzy wlndzo w panst-
wlo; korzyata ona z nloj w swolm wy-
lacunlo lntflroBlo, a ktory wymnga ut-
rzymanla nndal pry watnoj wlasnosci
ssloinl ;i sirodol produkowiinln.
Chcae przoksztalclc Btosunkl wlriH-
noHclowo, iJowlnnt robotnicy zdobyc
wlndzo polltyoznn hozwanihkowo, nlbo
przyjinjmnloj pno wnzny wplyw ■ w
Na plor\vs»y r»ut oka wyglucln1 to
bimlzo prosto.
I'otrnciwazy bnlnst obojotnych ludzi,
robotnicy en w wlokszoBCI.—knpllnlls-
cl Btnitowla mnloj hzohc,
WlokszoHC zhh mozo Jnk zochco, nlo-
dopusclo do togo, nby nnd nla pnno-
wnln mnloJHZOHC,
Wprnwdzlo nnlftzoRPloj wlokHzoso
priifowlto, n Rlupln, nlogn mnloja'/OHol
in.ulroj 1 zorKimljiowftiioJ,
Tam, Kdzln innlojazoso wykorzyatnlrt
niijwn/.nlojHito xudiMiln w scyclu Kospod-
nrc%om. jnk bur«uuzyn w 10 wloku,
turn toz muslaln ona I polltycznlo pnn-
nw»i»p    t.nnln<vn,_'   otno«»iV(   /iVftnnw^?
mn tnpto wymnnalv.
Tam, prdr.lo mnRa Inflow., tworzyla
pasozytnlozy motloch, jak w atarozy-
tnym H»ymlo~nlo mogla ona polity-
ctnlo pracowao.
Dr.lf.ln1 nntnmlnxt prnlntnrvnt ntnvn.
wl maso wyrislcdziaonych. do ktorycti
dodawszy umyslowo pracujacych, i
blndnych, otrzymnmy Jodyna pozytoo/.-
na roiiBO, na ktoroj spoczywn syclo ca-
IcRO spolcczonitwa.
noiumle slo'Jodnak, co vlekszoso,
Kdj doJtUIn tin t«j ttwlmlomoHcl, n\n
sclorpl, aby nad nla pnnownly trutnlo,
UHwiadornionio I orgnnizarya prni-n-
JacoJ klasy must popehnae ludzkoac,
aby pr»ysplP»i.ytft kroku I w awolm
rozwoju spolccznym dojronlla \imv\i
t<_c.itilrzny zmfcnlln odpowlodulo po<1.
atawy wlasnoscl—do ktorej jedynorn
l>UIu._» .iiiwluun b>a prat*.
I, lettori 16 sanno gia;:.io* sono un
impentiente ammiratore dei socialist!
tutonici ed ogni qualvolta mi e dato di
dimostrare, le loro buone qualita,lo
faccio volentieri. 7 E quanto intendo
dimostrare con queste righe, piu' ancora di buona volonta, sono buoni rl-
sultati. Chi ml forhisce i dati e in-
cora il eompango R Schiffke. II partito Socialista ■ Tedesco ha tenuto' di
questi giorni il suo congresso annuale
a Chemnitz" in Sassonia. La estesis-
sima relazlbne che la dlrezione del partito (Pnrtoivorstand) ha membri del
partito1, in forma di supplemento al
"Vorwarts" ed a pre'sentato al delegati
ed a tutti.I tutti i loro glornall quotidian!, consiste di G4 flttlsslme pagine.
ii uorb ,tremendo lavoro organlzza-
torio risulta lampantevdalle numerose
e ben ordinate statlsticho; statlstlche
mal nep'pur sognate dai sociallstl latin! e neppure dal pratlci amerlcani. I
membri del partito'salirono .in un anno da'836.5C2 a 970,112 di cui'130 mila
sono donne,"ll che da iin aumento dl
171 mila e piu' precisamente del 15.9
per cent. Essi contravano pero1 di
arrlvare al milione preciso di organiz-
zati il che non e lor riuscito, ma non
per questo -v e da dolersene. II pro-
presso che 1 tedeschl hanno fatto Jn un
anno e 5 volte piu' grande di quello fatto dagli italiani d'America in 15 anni. Confortante e l'aumento delle
donne nel partito il quale arrlva.al 21
per cento' superando di molto l'aumento generale.
Alia testa del movimento, se con-
siderato per.stall, sta il,regno di Sassonia' con"150 mila membri e 19, de-
putatial "Aeichsiag" su 23. A giusta
ragione questa vien chiamata la Sa's.
spnia rossa. ; Ma se il movimento vien
cousiderato4.er citta alia.testa di tutte ,sta Berllno o sobborghi con 120
grande ih;,dimensione ed in popola
zione parimenti indu'straile, i nostri
compagni amerlcani non hanno certo d!
che vant'arsi. Non voglio pero' con
cio' dire.che la colpa sia dei compagni di Chicago o dei loro dirigenti. Le
cause vanno rlcercate nelle condizioni
di ambiente;'dl tradizione, di educa-
zione ecc. Seconda tra le citta viene
Amburgo con ,60 mila inscritti. . Sei
colle'gi hanno' oltre 20 mila memb/i e
sonno: Norimberga 20,118, Berllno IV.
25,267, I3e'rlinfa. VI. 31,418, Lipsla, 32,;
lino)^ 32,885''ed Amburgo III (il colle-
gio che clegge Bebpl) 42,532. '
La stampa, questa tremenda e potent* arma dl propaganda, dl battaglia
e di educa'zione ,non e ne gletta dal
nostri compagnl tedeschl c' la diffu-
slone dlessa'occupa 11 medesimo posto
che.ocupa il partito in generale. II
numero del loro quotidian! e 86 ed 11
numero del loro abbonatl un milione e
mezzo con un anmento dl 171 mila sul-
l'anno precedento. Le entrate per
soil abbonamentl ill tutti questi glornall messi lnsleme ammontarono a
circa 9 millonl dl marchl'dl cui 1,391,-
298.95 per solo "Vorwarst" .dl Berllno
o le entrate del medeslrai por inser-
zlonl ammontarono n clmr 6 milioni dl
cui 710,403,75 pel solo "Vprwarts." A
tutti o nota la ononno vittoria die essi
rlportarono nello elov/lonigenorall nel
gennaio, scorso in' cui elessero 110 de-
putati al "Reichstag" ed- ottennero
4,250,320 voti e cioe un milione in piu'
di quanto ebbero nelle precedenti ele-
zioni del 1907, Con un sistema piu!
proporzionalmente corretto nella- for-
mazione' del'collegi, con simile numero di voti essi avrebhero dovuto avere
139 deputati Invece di 110 ed-il centro
(il partito clericale) avrebbe dovuto
averne 23- di meno. Diverse eletlooi
che.ebbero luogo in differenti parla-
menti statali (Landtag) recarono pure,
soddisfacenti risultati a dispetto dell'
ingiusto sistema elettivo prevalente in
essi,1 in,, cui il, ricco conta per Ire,, il
mefdid bo'rghese per 2 e l'operpio )>er
uno-solo. I deputati statali salirono
dunque a 224 au mentando di 36. 1
consiglieri comunali ed altro piccolo
rappresentanze comunali sono 12 miia.
Di queste cifre ogni socialista, non
solo teutonico ma anche latino, e or-
goglioso e si augura solo che il pro-
prio n paese possa presto dare simile
I nostri cugini slndacallstl sembrano
disprezzare e elf re e voti cosl pure il
mlo conclttadino che ml ospitn a I-Iol-
ton, Mich., mentre scrivo questo com-
mento. Ma a lul ed ai suol amid
raramenlo solo l'evoluzlono dl Gustavo
Herve in riguardo al valore, alia forza
ed alladlscipllna del Partito Socialista Tedesco.
II "Socialist Party," se pur non ha
an'cor dato simili risultati, cionondl-
meno e sulla stessa^ via, e noi, seb-
bene parte minuscpla di es so, daremo
del nostra meglio onde non abbia ne
a riformeggiare' ne a Bind'acalizzare.—
Bellini, Ronchetta.
,Noi che siamo quelli che producia-
mo tutto il.'necessarl clio i'lntera um-
anita rlchlede clamo anche e quelli
privi dl-ogni necessita uuiana; e per-'
che? Perche, non cie.siamo mai dati
la briga di occuparcene e si e lasci-
ato fare.' Fratelll lavoratori e l'ora
di svegliarci. Talvolta ci sentianio
dire dai nostri fratelli di lavoro e spec-
ialmente in pcriodo li elezloni che dov-
rebbe esser il nostra primo pon slero
di cercare- a mandare al potere dei
nostri rappresentanti sc desideriamo
di migliorare le nostra" condizioni.
Invece si sente da una parte dire;
cosa ne sappiamo nol di,poiitica? Si
e sempre fattp soci e co sabbiamo
fare?i Cosa si deve fare. Bisogna
smettere di dare il nostra voto a quell-
uomo che. rappresenta gli interessi dei
capitalisti, ma bensi darlo a chi rappresenta i' riostri.-
Da un'altra parte dice: e quali sono
i nostra rappresentati?... .fammi il
piacere son tutti uguali. Ognuuo cer-
ca dl fare i suoi interessi e poco si ciira
Questo e uno del piu' gravi torti che
noi lavoratori abblamo, di voler critl-
care uominl e,,cose senza conqscerle
soltanto per averld sentito dire da tiz-
io o caio e noi umili, lavoratori tutto
sentiamo'o tutto*-credlam. ' -Questo e
avvenuto'anche a 1'umile sottoscritto
che per lungo tempo fu vittima di quosto barbaro sistema che realmente ere-
deva civile.
Fratelll lavoratori, siamo vicini ad
una battaglia, chi sara di noi-che vorra dlsertare le file? Chi vorra essere
11 tradltor? Io credo pochi eche 11
5 novembre cl trovercmo nolle trlncco
dt lotta unltl contra I nostri oppressor!.
VInceremo? ' TO chlssa! Perderemo?
*- cosa cl lniportn! ■
Nol sogul'teremo sempre la nostra
umllo educazlono proletarla flntanto
che non cl sorrldera la vittoria.
of th© allotted marks to pas.?.'   Time:
Four hours. ' ""
1.   Describe—
(a) a method of surveying with the
loose needle; 8
(b) plotting underground workings.
' 2.   "What is meant by the term "Azimuth"? 6
3. State the mothod you would employ to accurately determine the vertical depth and also to plot the traverse section of an inclined shaft.     7
4. Explain fully how you would
make a fast needle survey underground. Illustrate your answer with
a sketch plan of an underground traverse. . ,10
5. Describe- tho operation of connecting the surface and underground
surveys of a mine in a caso where ono
shaft only • is available. What method would you adopt and why?      8
6. How would you lay down a short
underground survey • on the surface
starting from' thc shaft? -If the,
ground was steep, how would you lay
off the lengths of the bearings.       10
7: How would you proceed in plot-
S. "What is the magnetic hierldian?
low is it found nnd what means should
. ou adopt, to test the accuracy of the
meridian line ou a colliery plan? 9
ting additional underground workings
on an old plan? 7
9, Calculate by sines and cosines
the bearing and length of the closing
line of the following traverse:
0 to 1..N 43 degs. 18 mins. E..145 feet
1 to 2..S62 degs.25 mlns B..122 feet
2 to 3. .S 72'degs. 43 mins. W.. 93 feet
3 to 4. ,S 69 degs.'55 mins. 13. .232 feet
4 to 5. .S   8 degs. 15 mins. W. .173 feet1
5 to 6. .N St'degs. 10 mins. "VV. .141 feet
6 to 7. .S  3 degs.OSmins. W. .128 feet'
7 to8..S43degs. IS mins. W..136 feet
8 to 9. .N   9 degs. 08 mins. E. .285 feet
10. Plot the traverse given in Question 9, on a scale of 100 feet to one
inch| and draw the closing line from
Station 0 to Station 9. ■ ■    20
Rent ?
- When you can own
your own home?
We have * for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman,at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Realty Co.
' Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
ank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve  Fund   ....
D. R.
6,000,000      Capita^ Paid Up  ....       6,460,000
6,460,000       Total Assets      72,000,000
WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY. Vlce-Pre«.
Arrowhead, Cranbrook,  Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.
'     Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
'   ' (Continued from Pago 3) ' •
words,  compare tlio Y  and   Dumpy
IovoIb.' 9
3. If tho lino of nomination in i\
Dumpy lovel was out of adjustment,
how would you find two lovel points?
■    10
4, Doscrlbo n lovolllng staff nnd
explain'Uh ubo .   10
5. Fill In tho following lovol notos
showing height of tho Instrument,
elevation nnd grade, and Htnto what
is tho average grado from Station 0
to Station 10,' Stations are 100 feet
apart. > 20
i _ «        ^ (■
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Busi-
ness and Residential property
'     'j
II. K5
A HiivitiKH account i nthe hunk is it reserve i'und that may ho conveniently drawn upon in limo of distress, or wlicnovor the opportunity
arises tn (alee advantage of sonic promising investment. Kstahlish
your reserve fund with tho Uomo Manic, Full compound intercHt
paid on savings deposits of one dollar and upwards,
Branches and connection*
, throughout Cunnd..
J. T. Macdonaid, Manager. Fernio.
■■■. ,„.-,,,    1
3. HO
"I         """
ti I'loi tho note* Rivisn in Quoiitliin '1. iH-mribn different rtutliodH of
n. on a vortical ncnlo of 10 foot to low Ulna underground!.roadwjt)__, and
th<^ Inch, mnrklnff on tht numlx-r and . wy under what condiilonK yon «ou!i3
clovntlon of'ouch aUtloit. " Olvo tin-! u:'.« t-nch.    • 12
nvornge grado from fitnllon 0 lo Sla ',	
lion U.    Show grade by lino drrtwn i
di> |;tuClliJ.
» uikUiImI^h rnti»t obtain fin p"r ront
llow mony youtifj men
cnn Inuk hack ou their
curly life nml rcfrret their
nilsiileedg. "SouiiiR their
wild oiiIh" iu vnrinuii wii,VH.
I{\ei'hj>cH, violation nt nn-
Inrc'H Iiiwh, "wine, wnitfcn
find ..r:iij,'""-iill li:ivu their
vlctiiii.-i. Y»ni h.tvt' rc«
formed tint wlmt nUnit tho
B.cil yon Jm .-i* sown—whnt
nlxiutthu li.irvuht i* Uon't
tn^t t) IiilU, If you nre
nt in'fH.Mit within tho
chiltln-i of any t.ccrrt hnhit
which j) Mjiiiiiij. jour life
hy ili!|{ri*L'tt; jf you nre Kill-
U-rinir from thn rcsuItH of
pst indiscretions; if vour
■."*.*»/»*• nny privnte disease _rtr_.cH yon
rtnir Tint .tin-re; H;-fm arc nnrrlul : 1.1I lln. ]., il., .,3,1:,):.::y ...-, 3,^..l,i„^
out ami cxpoii.ni; yonr xinnV, il von nre otifTiTitifr r»» the T<-'iuit of rt misspent
life-DRS. K, A. K, ARE YOUR REFUGE. Uy your case Iwioro
them confidcntiilly nnd they \_ill till jou houc.lly if jou mc curable.
w* t^-» -4 c-.-s "\'.»n!cos_: veins, ncivcm Dccaj;n\ S
mim and all Diieatai Peculiar to Men.
CONSULTATION FRF.K. f_M>V_ FrttM DIimim of M.ra. If tuubl. to call, writ*
ror»,QuMtl<»BI«nb(-r  IIOSII.  TIII.ATKIKNT.
Cor, Michigan Avo, and Griiwold St., Detroit, Mich.
AH Mu m irom iiiiiml,. m\u\ hi? n'i'lrt-HSdl tn oar
&iM>_M!i LV'frrKj^tnili-iict* lifpirtiiirnt in VVindnor,
Ont. If you il<".ire to tea «■» jn-rson.illy e.ill nt our Mi-diivil Institute in
Ddn^t ;i* v.c mc iai'1 tM.it na patient* i.) our WiitilM«r nijiut uliich nre
tfiiil fnr cirroMiNiiulcntv nml l,.'ilx>fukir/ f.»r Cin.»li,i!i bu».in«-*^ only,
AiMrei* nil kttcrn nn follow*: .
TPrIt» forr»tf rriv.«l* «*?r»«».
rnniaijmimur vv Jim, m :TnixiMTgmawjr
'        'I
_1    '.jl
1 ■
- ^
■ H
'-    'I Lf.M_K?
■*■> a ,
•a.    -*£
-ti'  *    i ii '
-y-y--Vi. -'-y.i_.7...
High-Class  Clothes
That is the very type of mon we are after
—the one who says, "Show Me" when we
cldim to offer the finest Men's narments
in town—the 20th Century Brand make. We
can show you if you but give us the opportunity.    New Winter styles now In stock.
We make a speciality of made-to-measure
garments for men,  and  guarantee perfect,
fit and wear.
Negligee Shirts
Special sale of Negligee Shirts; good patterns, in light and dark designs;. Soft-front'
Coat Shirts' with cuffs attached, made'by the-
best manufacturers in the business.     This
sale is for, the purpose of clearing up the
balance of our,,Summer Stock.   These Shirts?
are worth-$1.25, $1.50. $1.75 and ?2.00, and
will bo cleared on, Saturday,- November 23,
at 85c. each.
NOTE.—Be sure you know the size you
want before you buy—no exchanges will be
made as we are clearing below cost.
A few sample Tapestry Table Covers will
ue offered for sale Saturdayq only.     These
clothes are all good  patterns and colors,
regularly worth up to $2.25 each.
Special   Saturday   opiy   ..." .$1.50
Men's Shoes
When a man buys a pair of our Working
Shoes we fee_vwe have made a1 steady customer. Our Working Shoes are all guaranteed to give entire satisfaction-or money refunded. , Prices range from'$1.75 to" $9.00
per pair.
Here's a Shoe worth buying-
Special for Saturday only,' Men's White,
,Elk, 10 in. Top Shoes, Blucher cut, worth
$10.00 pair.     Special Saturday. $7.25
This Shoe is' waterproof.
Don't overlook this Shoe'if you like a
high-top Boot, for winter wear:
lien's 17 in. Top Blucher cut, Boot, made
from best French Kip, regular price to $8.00.
Special Saturday only   _.'_..  $5.00
■"   ii i\
Hen's Special Kip, Blucher' cut, 12 in. Top,
worth up to $6.00.   Special : ■ $4.50
Men's Fine Shoes in best makes in all the '
new lasts, now in stock. _ You can get just
what you want from us. '
Prices from  "  $3.00. to $7.50
A Special Line of Velour Calf
Saturday at "..'..-..' ' $4.25 .
Grocery S£&c$als
Eastern Townships Butter.. 77.. .2_lbs:;for ' .75
Riypl Wheat Flakes ......5 lb.-with-china " .35
Cowen's Cocoa , -. ,7 V,, 17,y% lb for   .20
Cowen's Baking Chocolate ... .ySlKT£ov , .20
Heinz Tomato Catsup......7 .A .12 oz. for' ,_.25
■ Lombard Plums .. .7../:./. VY.2 tins for   .25
■ King Oscar Sardines ........ .'.2 tins for   .25
Chicken WJieat.. .-.....'....... .'iper sack $1.50
Colombo Olive Oil ■>■% gal. for ,1.15
Tetley's Tea .:.'; S ..}.. A lb. special'* .35
Black Pepper ,.7 Y> lb. tins, 3 for   .25
Tomatoes ,.->.  .2 lb. tins,.7 for .1.00
Corn .,  .2 lb. tins, £for   .35.
English Malt Vinegar y...qt. bottle, 1 for   .25
Onions   .10 lbs. for   .25
'Sold Dust 3 lb. pkg., each   ,2,Q
"White Swan Yeast.  6 pkgs. for    .25
Silent Matches  , .per pkg.   .25
Parlor Matches :.:,..'...' '.per pkg.   .20
California Dried Fruits
\        Fresh Packed
C f < l '
Prunes ..'.... .7. 7.. .small size, 3 lbs. for   .25
Prunes ■:' medium, size, 1 lb. for ' .10
Prunes... large size, 2 .lbs. for ■ .25
*,Evaporated-Peaches; .'.....•. 21bs. for ,725
Evaporated Apricots..../'.. 7.. .2 lbs. for' .35
Evanprated Pears ;.".. .2 lbs. for   .35
Sultana Raisins...." : .16 oz., 2 lbs. for   .25
; Sultana'Raisins...7. 12 oz., 3 lbs. for ' .25
Seeded Raisins:. > >... 12 oz., 3 lbs: for   .25
Seeded Raisins... .,.■ 16 oz'., 2 lbs. for-  .25
Seeded Raisins 7..-.. :.Wo'z:; 4 lbs: for -.25"
"White Cooking Pigs.:..: per lb.   .10
' Bleached Sultana Raisins.. 7 .bulk, per lb. . .15
Lemon Peel; ...'.-.7.  .2 lbs. for ■ .35
Citron Peel....-: ;  .per lb.    .20
Orange Peel ...... ■... .2 lbs. for • .35
SattiiXtfay S^ecidls
• Ladles'Lace aaid-Embroidered Dutch Col-. /
lars iii all sizes and styles.    Regular, prices \
25c, 35c..and 6(.c7>. Special.:....20c. each.'.
7'W,e carry-a complete line of .Wools, all
colors in all grades. ■".<'•- _.   -
- Shetland F1obs,';3 skeinafor ...,..••."..,-25c.  •
' Eiderdowr, Wools, 4 skeins forv...'..,-35c. ''
Single and'-Double7 Berlin Wools in all'
• v J
ahades, 2 skeins for
In a great'variety of .styles-and colore. ,We '
haye just received another large shipment
these, will be"priced for "Saturday selling aB,
fojiows: ,    7       •'    ,y_'   7'
Toques, from  .V.'... ,35c. to 75c.
Aviation Caps from *.. .7..t. 65c. \to $1.50
Specials in
Women's' Black Sateen Underskirts, well-
made,   good,1   roomy   style,   with pleated
flounces.' Special Saturday ,. .> $1.25
-Black Taffata, Silk Underskirt in new design. ' This is new stock and will be guaranteed to give good wear.     Priced for Sat-.
urday selling from'  $4.00 to $6.50 .
, , Black-and Colored Satin Underskirts at
J special reduction's .for   Saturday.     These
" Skirts aro made from a high-grade satin ■>
,-'that  will  give  perfect  satisfaction.,'    .,.'
special  \..."'...i  $4.00,
Knitted and.Jersy Top- Underskirt's, with
• Batin'iind tieatherblow ruffles. ' l   ~
Special Saturday ........,'. $2.00 and. $2.25
•V  -
Ladies' Wear
',•> LADIES'. tSAMPLE COLLARS     .y ,
/ -This" is' the "greatest, opportunity ever offered to buy high' class novelties in Ladies' -
7Neckwear" of all kinds-at such great reduc-7
tions. ,7- These are manufacturers' samples .
and will be cleared out Saturday at less than '-
manufacturers* cost.     This.affords you an
opportunity, to get' your Christinas needs •
supplied at very little expense and yet have
_ the best and very latest' in Neckwear iovel-
~tles.   .This special Hne:»wlll be arrayed on
'tables: -.' -   '.*7„ ■' ' '   ''
1st Auortment> ',".......7,25c. each
2nd Astortment .......'. ..... 35c. each
3rd .Assortment' .•',, :f ;"50c. each
_ BELT8,   - '     " '."  „
.   We have 500 Sample Belts that embrace
everything that is new and stylish. "  On
., sale Saturday only at 25c, 50c, 75c. and $1.00 -
each. \
y. COR8ET8
Saturday will be rt red "letter day ln our
Corset Department. \Ve will sell the.celebrated B. I. Brand, P. and D. Brand, and W.
and B. Brand. These' Corsets are worth
jtrom.$2.75 to $3.50 per. pair./On Sale Saturday, only at  7.....'. .$1.75 pair.
(Remembei^—this price Js good for one day  '
only.) .     .     " -
.    INFANTS'   W;OOL   BONNETTS will be
, shown In, great: variety of material and de- ■
sign.    This line will appeal to all mothers.
' '"'Ar
Ladies] Coat Sweaters
'New stripes in red i and white,, blue . and white
Sweater Coats, made in Norfolk,style; also in a large
variety of styles with'and "without collars, in ail the
new shades and combinations. "I       ''...'
We have specially good -values in this line.   Any.
sizes. ' 'Prices'from 7. ,'T \..... '$275 to'$10.007
.The LadleB' Shoe .Department is now com-,
plete with.ttie most popular lines.'   ■ «
' Women's Velour Calf, Blucher ,cut Shoes,,
with10 inch top, a very stylish and .'service--
•able Shoe for winter weather. ';   S
, y Women's Box .Calf Shoes, 15 buttons high.
Special for'Saturday selling at ...... $5.50 '
p   Women's Heavy Tan Shoes,. 15 buttons
high; this shoe'is especially desirable for
winter, weather.'  Special for Saturday, $5.50
The girls need good protection as well as"
,' the mothers.    We have just received a large .
shipment of Girls' Gun Metal Shoes; 12 but-,
'tons high, medium toe,.broad heel,"sizes
" .11 to'2.     Saturday's price".'......'.-...$3.50.-.
Little Gent high-top Shoes,.made of'good,
. Strang, soft leather, with buckle and straps
., at top.   - This is a very classy 'shoe that
'will give excellent 'wear;.., sizes',^, to, 10%.
7Sale-Price 7 .......... .'.7. ...•.•. .'>.7. •• $2.75-
"Money "
—ii 1111 mn i  if i iiiir-nT"1 fftnrriTTiviirriiiniiiTrni7rniTi^^
>- _j
A pretty wedding was solemnized in
Fernie, on Thursday evening, November 14th, hy Rev Mr. Todd, the contracting parties being Miss Christina
Nicholson and Mr. Wm. Vanbuskirk,
The ceremony took place at the home
of the bride on Howland Avenue, at 0
p.m. The bride was dressed In cream
serge, trimmed with silk fringe, with
veil and orange blossom. The bridesmaid, Miss Maggie McLeod, was dressed In white, which was very becoming. Tho brldo was given away by
her father, and tho groom was supported by Mr. Phillip McLeod, Thoro
wero about fifty guests present nt tho
coromony, aftor which thoy sat down
to a sumptlous repast. The presents
which tho couplo rocelvod woro both
costly and numerous, nmong thorn being a beautiful Morris chair, proscntod
hy the stnff of tho, Western Canada
Wholesale Co. Tho happy couple loft
for Spokane on tho flyor tho noxt
morning, returning on Tuosday, tho
10th. On tho evening of their return
tho staff ot tho Wo«tnrn Canada Wholo
Balo Co. woro entertained hy Mr and
Mrs. VanbimUlrl. to dinner and spent
a vory onjoyablo evening, whilst all
wished tlm couplo long 1lf<\ happlnoHn
and prosperity ami u ploni.nnt goodnight.
"• On Saturday evening last some hundred men employed In No. 3 Mine,
Coal Creek, and other well-wishers of
Geo. O'Brien, assembled ln the basement of the Miners' Hall to-present
him with a few1" pieces of silver plate
and an easy chair on tho occasion of
his retirement from his position as pit-
boss of ,that mine, and to wish him
success ln his new occupation as In-'
structor at the Fernie Rescue Station.
Tho event took the form of a smoking
concert, and Colonel McKay occupied
tho. chair. The presentation waB
neatly made by J. Biggs, to which Mr.
O'Brlon suitably responded. Super.
Shanks Was' also present, and on bo-
in_; or.hfi' upon to say a fow worJu
took the opportunity of expressing his
appreciation of tho work done by Mr,
O'Brlon at Coal Creek.
J. W. Bennett is on a business trip
down the line.,'
Constable, Bevan;.leaves on December 11th for the coast on a month's
Readers of the Ledger and all others
acquainted 'with Comrade C. M.
O'Brlon, wlll,'"rjgret to hear of the
death of his father, who met, his demise by accidental drowning.'
Some oNcollont filnnt aro bolng
Hhown nt tho flrnnd nnd nro holng nf*'
protintod hy tho largo numbor who pat-
ronl:.o tho houso, Thn orcl.ai.trn linn
hoon enlarged nnd Ir rendering somo
oxcollent music,
Tlio proitrnmnia for to-nlitht nnd tomorrow Is ns follows;
"Muggins, V.O." (mllltnry drama),
"Tho FoundllnR" (Champion drama),
"Ordor of tho Court" (a Hci-enmlng
romody), "Tho Toll-Tnlo Shells" (Wos-
torn drama).
On Monday and Tuesday a groat
Iworonl fonluro film, "Vlrglnus," will
b< shown.
PATON.---O Friday, Novombor 22,
tlio infant son of Mr and Mrs, Thos,
Paton,     Stillborn.
PINOTTI—On Npvomhor 18, Gerald,
Plnottl, agod 1 month and ', days. Funeral took placo from tho Catholic
Church on Tuosday, Novombor 19.
Rev. Father Michels officiated.
lUOUTKI..—Ifllnlo Routor, aged 4
months nnd 22 days, Infnnt daughter
of Mr and Mrs, John Itcutor. Fun-
oral will tako placo tomorrow, Saturday, In'the forenoon from tho undertaking parlors of Thomson and Morrison, and tho sorvlco will ha conducted hy tho Rov. Mr, Todd,'
Don't forget the ■ Anniversary Dinner,
on Monday evening from 0 to 8 o'clock
in tho basement of the Methodist
Church. Como along everybody, 'and
bring your friendB.
Tho Inquest on Pete Butnln' was held
on Monday Inst. Nothing of a startling nature waB brought out in tho ovldonco, and tlio jury, without much deliberation -brought In a verdict of "Ac
cidental rlontli."
The following circular has been
sent to all the local unions and trades
and labor "councils in this province by
the secretary of the British Columbia
Federation of Labor; "The royal commission—promised by the - provincial
government last spring'— to enquire
Intojthe labor conditions oif this province, Is (according to the dally press)
shortly to. be' appointed. -1, would)
therefore, urge that you take- up. nt
the next meeting of your organlza-'
tlon the qeustion of being represented
before'thb labor commission when it
sits in your locality, and q_7 preparing any matter   or   grievance   that
your,union might desire, to bring to
the attention of tbe commission. It
ls understood that the commission will
visit all the principal points in the province, and lt Is important that every
labor organization in ' the province
should'be represented, whother your
union tiopeB for immediate redress or
nor., or whether the particular grievance of your occupation bo long hours,
low .wages,1 unsanitary or dangerous-
conditions of, employment,. etc. ■ If
your union ,1s unable tofappolnt a; re- _
presentatlve to appear boforo the commission, then sond any matter you desire to have placed .before the commission to this office, and .the executive'
board of the federation will see that' lt
ls brought to the attention of'the commission," ..    ■   -  •
Tho 11 yrnr old boy nnnio.l Majors,
iwho wna missing from Coal Crook for
n couplo ot dnys was found hy Con-
tablo Clnrmnn In Elko nnd brought
bnck to his anxious parents,
All -dues paying mombors nro ro*
niiontfrt tn fittr'Tid n mwMni!' tn hn holil
in tho Library Room of tho Minors'
Hall on Sundny afternoon, November
24th, commonrlng at 2.30. Matters
of general Interest to tho members nre
ta he discussed, snd lt Is hopod thnt nil
members will mako n spoclnl note of
this rriM-Hng nnd ..<. Mtu lo he on hand
punctually nt tbs nbovo time.
Owing to th* wiwrtln.. of lho Minors'
TTnlon In tbo Grand Thentro, on Unn*
toj, the usual Propaganda Meeting
-will bo postponed to the following
Sundny, December IsL The speaker
on tlmt occasion frill be Thos, France,
tit <'o«» <!rf«K.
All thoso Interested in Ilookoy nro
twittnat-nrl  *tn  nttAnrt   n   wiflnHnf  tr,  hn
j hold In th« Wnldorf Hotol nn Rundnv
noxt nt 3 p.m.
Vnnn«pv T fiplfliirt   to Irnfinlrn* lm  In
his standard of high clnss plcturop,
some pf the features bolng exceedingly
good. No lews thnn flvo roots nro bolng thrown on tho screen nightly, nnd
this, togothor with tho commodloun
nnd woll.hented houso tboy nre shown
in, constitutes a very pionwint oven-
Ing'i entertainment. On Thursday
and Krlrtny of n^vt week John L,
Christie's "Travel Festival" will hold
tho screon. This consists of scrncs
from nil over the world, and urn writ
worth seeing. On Monday. November
24th, the Imperial Handbell Ringers
%..l gv.«» nn «*nt«rti..nm«">nt.
Tho Young People's Club of tho Pres-
bytorlnn Church will hold a postcard
social on Thursday ovonlng, Novombor
28th, ln tho church bnBomont, commencing nt, 8 o'clock, Everybody Ib
welcome nnd this program will provo
a novelty.
C, L, Boynton, genornl manngor of
tho Elk Lumbor Company, wnn ln
town to look aftor tho buslnoss of tho
big lumber compnny, The logging op-
oratloiiB of this compuny will ho discontinued through tho wlntor months,
oh tlio railway systom hnB boon OBlnb-
United, rondorlng wlntor logging un«
Mnyor Ilntoh, of Lothbridgo, spoak-
lng of tho city's possibilities roforrod
to tho great mining industry In tholr
midst nnd snld:
"It mny not ho gonorally known,
hut It lo so, thnt tho six conl mines
in thlH district havo at the present
tlmo a pny roll of $5,500 por dny.
"iho peoplo ot .Uthuridffe do not
..<.«..i, if) ivliIIli} (Iii*. .Yyi.iiur do tho)
rvallio that tho market for coal Is
growing' rapidly, snd that when the
mines nro developed so thnt thoy nro
lifting nil tho conl tholr surfneo plants
alu  ^apAuiu  Ot   iii mi,.',,   lui)   yi.i;»   IWil
of tho mlnos will bo fir.,000 per dny, or
nlmost 1400,000 por month."
Let Apples be the Gift to your
Friends Across the Sea
Chrlstlo'fi Travel KoruvoI drew good
attendances nt tlm IhIn during the
work. Tonight nnd tomorrow "Robin
Hood" In three reels win bo shown.
On Tuesday, one day only, "Paradise
nnd Purgatory" will Ik. tlm feature.
"tn Old Tennessee." two reels, Is book*
od for Frldsy and 8aturdny of n»xt
Luscious, rosy, juicy, Canadian Apples! Can you imagine any gift to tho dear
ones in tho old land that would be more acceptable?
Because of exceptional shipping facilities, we can mako you this magnificent
offer.'   Wo will deliver FREE OF CHARGE to any address
in the British Isles a case of Guaranteed Select Canadian
Apples for the small sum of	
Wo use standard cases; each Apple is separately packed, and evory precaution
tnVon t^ en«wyc ««nfo nud vnpid delivery.    Ovor 5,000 ense? shipped last yc,ar.
Mail $3f00 NOW stating whero you require tho case sent, and WE DO THE
REST.   Give full postal directions, along with your own card for enclosure in
.IliO   lllUftllUlVJVllii
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