BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The District Ledger Apr 27, 1912

Item Metadata

Download

Media
disledfer-1.0308852.pdf
Metadata
JSON: disledfer-1.0308852.json
JSON-LD: disledfer-1.0308852-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): disledfer-1.0308852-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: disledfer-1.0308852-rdf.json
Turtle: disledfer-1.0308852-turtle.txt
N-Triples: disledfer-1.0308852-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: disledfer-1.0308852-source.json
Full Text
disledfer-1.0308852-fulltext.txt
Citation
disledfer-1.0308852.ris

Full Text

Array "o_!- "ry v; _y ..•®-::-.rt* ■ ,.-
______
|77    *-" Industrial Unity is Strength. •-• A--v7"A>-A7"A vy ' 7y7 '•*' -•.*•.. A
■ j, _< '      . i     - .. "     - -       * **■* -. *■ i "   _      _ ■■ ,     '   i        ■■■"^  ■     y -i*-     '     V* *■ »■*      '*** r ir      i	
AThe Official Organ of District,No. 18, iJyU. W.■'•l-A.A
w' '
yNoA36J V6I7V;
THB DISTBIOTHLEDQEB, FERNIE, B^O., APRIL 27, 1912
S1.00 A yeAb:
'V
l-t,
smrns PIRE^EO&S
Suicides yAff^ Brings
■Out Evidence That Dead Man Had Le-
:;;;; giitfnatexGriev; /
""'i    , ■''.<• ."''.' 1 ' '■?,*'' J    '•*-'.''.   " '    ' '     *' !,'> ' ' ' '
1 •< '     j,     .,.,>,,     '11  ■-■..--•   j-     -,. • • ' f ' 0 • ■*■ ■'   - -       1
Well ySpoken of ;
[*■¥
-Coal Creek wa3 the * scene • "of    a
- nasty, shooting affray on Monday even
lng last, -which resulted in the-death
T, of one,,arid slight Injuries .to/another^
",-',"From the evidence adduced. at"?the
.   inouest it appears, that Richard - Ben-
**  ' ,, -, .,       .n-        . \. .... • -- ' *'» ir.   ,
son, a miner, had, been given* a roagh
-deal'by Pireboss Walter? Joyce."   *   •
u ,.'   The origin, oft, the'' whole- trouble
seems--to have' arisen over the chang-
- ing of working-places, to* Benson's dis-
'   advantage. V,His own place?-,' which
t ,was'considered ^ood,-was;taken from
■*,' him and given tb two Italians, whilst
A-bfi * was given a poor placey 'Accord-
i?4ng. from the'evidence.-.at the inquest,
V.and Supt. Shanks'* statement, it seems
«"s_" Vythat- Benson, haa^o.ly been'   treated
..    quite fair,' and he'^eyidently brooded
VV*\" much over.the treatinent meted"out to
* 7 - him.* The deceased-was well spoken
0 .."of as,being a good miner, and a man
* , " well liked.    He'- had been about eight
'.years in: the Pass, four':of which he
7 *"" worked 'at "Coal 'Creek.7 ,*Botl_ Benson'
-—4a*ndfJoyce;_hail-frbm-WbitehavenrCuniy
; Aj_erla_id, Eng.,Tbe deceased was about
7'?''.'36'years of age. y      ■ • • .' y"'   ■-
? A; ."The story of.the affalris best given
* by'po'evidence at; the inguest. * ly
A ..The^funeral,0 whicirwas^oneof^tho
* ' largest' ever attended took' placo from
'•' f.tbe undertaker's on Thursday? aftor-
J" noph.  ■ The Coal Creek L. aiid D. As-
.7 '   sociatlon .sent' a beautiful wreath "with
7    all tlie members'" deepest sympathy.
7„     . ,"\       ' THE IN.QUEST 7
- A ,   The Inquest was hold on,,Wednesday
""■■ eve_i:_i.. at-T.lG.yJoiwtr-WUlH er;
1 "* puiKlJIng tlio'foVowliig tp act as ..a
-.   ji.,ry:'" ... Crow, A.   '   Carter,. J.' Mc-
_.'h*tF__ John J. ,yCtV;ihld, L. Caro
sella, ami John Lundle   ,  '•       .'  •»'
;  The'Coroner road a letter from-Supt
Shanks of Coal Creole,1 who stated that
previous to thc Incident Joyco' had
complnliicd to him of Benson's behaviour    He upoko to Benson, who told
him that tho flroboss had put him In
a place, to'work which wns'not as good
ns that which ho hnd boforo, and that
Joyco wnB bucking him.    Joyco denied this, and he (Shanks) thon told
Benson   to   draw,. IiIb   pay.    Lator,
howovor, ho told Benson ho could get
lis,old placo back as possibly IiIb grkv
, vnnco might havo. somo justification.
Mr. Wllkos stated that ho had not
-lioui_]-t It was necessary   for   Mr.
Shanks to appear, but   If   tho jury
thought, otherwise he -would y^summon nlm: ' _y. - A y;., /' •*■
7The first witness called .was?Con-,
stable. John Borden, who stated^that
he was told by one Atkinson that'Ben-
son was going.around in'a 8Us_)ic_o\.s
munner, and-tbat "he was afraid he
might do some.harm .tb" Joyce, •'* The,
witness ran towards the company's,, office, but was met and told that Benson
had wounded Joyce and the'nshot'him-
Belf."' He then went to where the body
was laying and phoned down to p_llce
headquarters in-Fernie..--;* ' ■'. ,
" .The next witness called was Isaac
Slater, driver in No, 5 Mine, who stat-,
ed' that about 1J p.in. on Monday night
he was going-home .from,"his wbvk
wheh^he-met someone who told him
that there was, a. man laying on the
ground close by. :<He"went'tq the spo""
and saw the deceased-with?airevolver
in ,his' hand. , He „went .and^ told' the
constable. ; He afterwards found but
.that, it .was, Dick Benspn.who had shot
himself.- He knew deceased well, for
some two years, and aJ-gfly-LtoundJiim.
AGREEMENT S1CNED
- , '.' - , •< :h ■ ■■
INDIANAPOLIS, ?ApriQ 26.—Representatives of the'soft-coal miners.and
theoperators signed an* , agreement
which gives the miners an advance of
E cents per. ton. - It'is to last two
yearB. , .*',-,
SUBSCRIPTIONS
S.\
to be a nice,"'quiet' and respectable individual. -: Asked .if -he, at any "time
had seenr.him. act In a strange manner,- _3later."^replied ln .the 'negative. *
" Percy'Rawsbn was next called, and
stated-that-on'"the' nlght.'of the tragedy
he was? sitting outside of the." office
when ho saw Benson come along. After a few casual remarks ho sat'down
until "Walter Joyce came along, and
Benson followed him5'-Into the offlco.
"I heard Benson speak In the office,"
said witness, "but could not make out
distinctly what'he said. Awns tli'en
going, towards the office, nnd, I heard
tho'deceased sny 'Ilnnds up!' at tlie
same time pointing ■ a .revolver at
Joyce.' Tho next thing I heard was h
Bhot, nnd a moment later, Joyce ran
out of tho off foe. I thon'sltlddoed.' -I
saw Joyco later and found thnt ho hnd
been shot In tho elbow. ■, I know'Benson for some flvo yoars, and always
found him to bo a nice, quiet and moist
respectable follow, . I never, saw him
Irrational." „   ,.
• Flreboss Wm, WesnodJ was tho Btnr
witness and noxt took the Btnnd. He
stated that about 10.G0 on the night of
April 22nd he wns in tho offlco of tlio
north mlno. "Whon I got to tho mlno
offlco," ho said, "BonBon was In conversation with tlio,fan man." After a
mlnuto or, so Bonson loft, and shortly
nftor thnt Joyco walked ln.    Benson
Pres. W.B. Powell
Resigns From Office
stepped in again,?and walked'up tp
Joyce and'said to him, "Walter, we are
now on a level,", at the same time firing at him.  - He asked Benson if he
knew what he was doing,' to which he
(Benson)' replied that if he (the witness) -Interfered, with him he would
give, him the?'same. *.  By this   time
Joyce had run but and Benson looked
around for, h'lni and then walked out.
In reply to various questions, he said
that'he had "known'the deceased for
3 or 4 years, and always found him a
quiet-going sort of fellow.     He had
heard .of the quarrel between the two
men and had- asked Joyce about it.
Joyce did' not think that he wa3 act-'
Ing unfairly towards him..   On Sunday,the witness said Benson took his
coat off and challenged Joyce to have
it out/'-but Joyce'refused, to fight on
a Sunday. -■',-.*..     ,'     ; ,       ,  ,, .
Juryman' Carter,.asked the witness
if, when speaking about it to Joyce, he
had gathered ■ any' particulars - which
led-up to the quarrel, to which he re-
-LDlie.d7th_atiJ_oyce_d.idJioLsee-why^.there.
should havre been "friction   between
them. ■   Further", questioned' by ' Mr.
Carter as to" whether - .Benson    said
"Hands up!,"" as the previous witness
had stated, Mr. Weshedj sald7tliat it
was .meant* for., Joyce.'and, riot • for him.
Further questioned as to,,the quarrel
between the two.men,-the witness repeated that'Joyc said ho did not'think
tliat ho hnd taken a "mean advantage
of Bonson, but did not'try to account
for Benson's nltaclc upon him.     This
concluded. Mr. Wesnedj's evidence.   ■
" Tho Coroner here stated that In conversation with Supt,'1 Shanks tho lattor
snld that he thought that- Benson did
not get a fair show, and'for thnt reason he offered thoplttce back to him,
John L. Atkinson wns next called
nnd stated that Benson was living at
his houso,     On tho ovenlng in question, at supper, Mrs Atkinson and himself tried to cheer him and told him
not to think ovor the quarrel so much.
It was evident that ho'was brooding
ovor It. ' Ho' denied that ho told tho
constablo that Bonson  would  Bhoot
Joyce, but what he did say to him wnB
that If Benson mot Joyco thero would
bs trouble.    After Benson   left  tho
lion bo thoy noticed that he bad taken
his revolver with him, and ho went
to look for Benson nnd warn Joyco.
but lt was evidently too late.
As tho, jury wanted to hoar tho ovl-
donco of Joyco, who Ib still In tho hospital, as well as that of Supt. Shanks,
and tho pnrtnor of tho deceased, tho
Inquest waa adjourned until May 7.
Tbe following is a further list of
subscriptions: "*,_   '.     f
Previously reported'......'.,. .$566.00
McNeil,* Solicitor  .......Y?A. , .5.00
Thomson arid Morrison '.'..:.. ,   5.00
George Barton ,..."..7...;....". ? 10.00
Kennedy and Mangan_7 ..;*...'.. .10.00
Fernie Indus. Co-operative ..-.. *--10.00
John Minton    .'.A ;;,.   10.00
H. F. McLean  v*..A:...... '   5.00
A. C. Liphardt ..A.".    10.00
Bank/of Hamilton "V..' .7."' .5.00
Fred Vance ".' ;,    10?00
,41" Market Co. * 7........   10.00,
The Pollock Wine Co.' Ltd. 'A " 20,00
TheiCanadian'Bank• of Com.. ■ ,5.00
Imperial Bank of Canada .,'.. 5.00
Coleman Local.union .-.'.,.;'..'. ,100.00
C. H. Skinner ;..........'....'./  '5.00
C. Marinaro '..:....'... '. . 5.00
L. Rlz2Uto,':..;.'.'.     15.00
Total to .date
.$811.00
* MAN-SHOT; IN .MICHEL
NEW MICHEL,?7._.pnl 24.—Luigl
Aguani.is.hythe hospital'ln a dangerous condition j the, result of a ,gun
wound inflicted on'him. by Amado
Pisano. The two-men .had been drinking,, which eventually" led up to a quar-,
rel with the above result.-* 'Pisano.is
in custody and was remanded for'eight
days," by which time.it will be known
whether Aguano'will pull through or
not>      ',,-   •-, 7-  '   ' - . ,   ',.    '
Fernie Seniors will cal' upon Coal
Creek to-day (Saturday) and give the
CreoklteB another run. Owing to most
of the team being on the afternoon
shift, it" is impossible to publish the
team, but" Bhould the mines be idle
the usual team, with a "few alterations,
will be placed on the field?
The committee make a' very, earnest appeal to all players and committee men to be In. attendance on
Sunday at the general'meeting to'be
held- in the Miners' Club".' Time: 2.30
p,m. - Very Important business, will
be,discussed, and the'committee feel
that the players are' not' giving the
attention they should to meetings, and
as it is imperative that alAshbuld be
present and express pro or con,,. It Is
hoped that this notice will be made
note,of." ', '' - ■;
•   * , *
■ The »boys brought" off their social
and basket "swindle" on Monday nignt
and the same proved'a huge, success.
About, thirty baskets were donated
and sold. .Tlfatthe musical arid,dance
portions of the' programme were successful -it is. needless to mention, as
the energetic Secretary (Chas. CU-.
rid'ge)-had it in hand. The mush was
good, the dancing was good, and the
contents "of some of the haskets wore
"rare.", '-The boys may have much to
learn' still in the way of conducting
these j socials,' but they have proved
very aptb pupils, and "the Individual
would be hard to find who grudged Ms
two-bits for Monday night's entertainment:. -Mrs". C.yPercy, P Hesketh, A*
Prentice' (Harry?Lauder's understudy)
and C Claridge, were amongst the artists, , while - Mr. * Chas., Percy and Mr.
Ramsey had charge of the orchestral
portion,  •    ":."-:.-<'     • ?,7
CARTERvs. BARCLAY
Judges  Disagree   With Jury But
They Can i Change Decision-
Played Plaintiff Unfairly
 \  -1*   "
.   The following letter has just been received and speaks for'itself:-.-.
','CJraig, Bourneyand McDonald, Barristers arid Solicitors,.,Rooms
24 to 27, Fairfield Buildings, 445, Granville Street, "Vancouver.,
,;•'" *,     .     April-24tli, 1912? .
Messrs?'Eckstein and McNeill, Barristers, etc.,-Fernie, B.C.   ^ ,.
»* . "Dear Sirs,-yA  *.- ' ,    ,      '   '
, re Carter vs. Barclay "   «.-.*■
- -This appeal was argued to-day and -was dismissed with costs.
■*' The court'took the ground that the evidence of the defendant made
it necessary for the case to be'submited to the jury, and that while'
.  tbe; court might riot" have come to the same conclusion as the jury
did, there was sufficient evidence legally to justify the jury, in
arriving at the verdict they did, and therefore the Court of Appeal
.   could not interfere with the,verdict.     At the,same time he court"
'"*" expressed a strong view that tlie plaintiff had been harshly treated-
,, by the jury, and that the .Court, on the evidence, "had they -been
deciding the matter in the first place, would not have arrived at
, the conclusion which'the jury did. •      " '.* , .  7
We are obtaining copies of the reason for judgment, and will forward them to you. . ," ...
'  ':, Tours truly,
'    .                '    -A7     "'     "CRAIG, BOURNE and McDONALD.
. y ■: -     y A\ .,     per C. W. C. *   A,'
MAY-DAY SPORTS
Snow falls of 18to:24 Inches, in Michigan during'the last 10 days has'greatly interrupted .transportation - In that
St?ale arid lri Ontario, Canada, -and sup.
piles of coal.that were in, transit'have
been held-up ,td a deg'r6ethat isembar-"
assing-to the-railroads.- 'This has
caused^ a large accumulation of coal-
laden cars to Toledo, the Canadian and
Peninsular gateway, where It is said
there f_re7betw'een 10.000 and 20,000
cars bf coal awaiting delivery at destinations.   ,       '
■s
NOTICE
"Theiboys intend, arranging the biggest event; in' Fe'rnie; this year ,'iirlor
to-their'journey to', the 'Peg, and particulars-will-be*,announced,- in due,
course. -, Beayt into "your head—The'
EVENT,"oUtw^easoii. 5*.m l?e gl^rpjjy.
the,, Fernie football Club. •"Watch.*
wait—save L  " ■'    7
Ooleman, Alta,, April 22nd, 1012,
Mr, A, J, Oartor, Scc,-Troao„ District 18, U, M, W, of A,
Dear Sir aiid Brothor,—I bog to tender my rofrfgnation as Prosi**
dont of District 18, U. M, W. of A„ to com> into ef foot on 30th of
April, 1012,
I am, yours truly,
W. B, POWELL.
,   Tito nbovo lottor Bponl.B for itfiolf, and noccln no comment,    In nn
Intorviow with a corespondent, Mr, Powoll snid i
:    "I will continue to mnko my homo in Colon.nn and will work nt
my tifliinl vocation, thnt of n minor.    I hnvo no plnns for the futuro
except that I will remain n resident of lho province of Alborta.
, "Ah far na I know, there arc no applicants for, tho position tbat I
JiaVO Vnnntr.d.*      T -.-Cpt-W. llftWOVor   thflt h^t fl« *(\ny, <\p vfly rrwtetnri
tlon hrx'omoB pitlvHo,'n tiumhor of nppl.or.ntR v;i.. 1>p in lino for the
position of which I havo Iionrd hinted n number reside in Lothbridgo.
"Dnrinflf tho throo yonr« thnt T Imvo been bond of the mincru' union
in this district, I havo worked hnrd and as I consider faithfully for
lho host interests of tho men of tho, union.
."Tlio rocont striko, howovor, developed considerable friction, not
only toward mo, but also ag_-in,st other officials who nro connected in
an pfficial capacity with tho organization Jn Alborta and Brlish Columbia, and theso matter* wore.up for discussion at tho rocont annual
convention that was hold nt Lothbridgo, nt which timo thoy were
supposed to bo settled,
"In thc meantime*1, howovor, othrr mnttoro h»vo oroppod out nnd ft
wns last Monday, that I mado up my mind to withdraw as the head
of tho organization. " • '      -
"An official statement in regard to my resignation will bo mado
In tho Pernio Ledger, which newspaper is owned nnd control)*) by
the minors of ting district, and until that app«*>«r» T»?«..«. to my no. frill g moro In regard lo the matter."
OLYMPIC FIREMEN
GO OUT ON STRIKE
SOUTHAMPTON, Bng.,nAprlI 24.—
Throe hundred of tho flromcn , and
greasem belonging to tho crow of the
j Olympic struck flvo mlnutos boforo
j tlio Whlto Star llnor wits duo to sail
to-day for Now York, Tlio mon tlos-
ortod tlio ship in n body. Thoy save
an their reason for striking that Uio
colli.poll.Io lifeboats Installed on tho
vo»sel wero unsesworthy.
HAWTHORNTHWAITE'S
7    AMBITION
Reports are current that during his
stay In, England, J. II,; Hawthorn th-
walto, former representative of Nnnal-
mo City. In tho local legislature, hns
been offored a Socialist nomination
for' the Imperial parliament nnd will
probably accept, winding up his business affairs In British Columbia and
bocomlng, for a time at least, a resident.of ono of, tho larger manufacturing cltlos of tho homo land, Color Is
lent to this report by the" fact that Mr
ITawthornthwalto has long cherished
ambitions in this direction and has
frequently said In conversation with
frlonds ln parliament horo . thnt so
soon as ho felt himself In a position
to' do so ho hoped to offer for an Imperial constitutency.
'''/-.- ,     -
The-growing influence of tlio union
is Illustrated" by ..the following noteworthy Incident?' The organized cloak
makers of Toronto havo suffered from
.a designer wlio was a man after tho
heart of the worst employers, acting
as ."their slave-driver and" tool. -This
man persecuted, terrorized' and ham-
pored union' employees on any and
overy occasion. Tho other day when
lio turned up in one of the shops his
nppehrnnco was' tho signal for a walkout qt all the employees, which lasted
2. hours, and the strikers did not return to work until this union hater
was dismissed and has now left tho
city altogether. This victory has en-
hancod tho prestige of tlio union and
many work pooplo nro flocking to tho
organIzatlon.—Ladlett' Garment Worker.
BELLEVUE    EXPLOSION
PUND TO DATE
RELIEF
.ncomo   95308.13
Disbursements   ' 40.!..1.0
Dalnnco     4_>2_(_a
•TAMTO •WIT.*".'..'
' Becvotrtry.
About 800 miners aro employed In
the noitlsnd camp.
Mfis Margaret Townwnd Carey, of
Baltimore, well known in society circles, lias abandoned teas and dances cf
her set to work for tho poor girls'
cau«ft. Bho In an ardent support.r
of tho Maryland movement for a ton
PROSECUTE
JCOAL GO.
Result of Investigation
of Recent Disaster
Near Merritt
VIOTOH.A, n. 0„ April lO-Prlor to
tils depnrturo for London on Hunday
! I       T. « » - '     ■,--     '   • ,
»_._.»,   J1WM.   _.4I.   ,.^„MU-f  U*   «MM__tol4J|    Ol
•mlnr-., rcmr.Hi.cn "liln roni'lflcral.'i'/j t'l
the loatlmony taken nt the coroner's
inquiry Into tho circumstance! of tho
recent tleplarnhlo illtniter at the colllorlos of thn Diamond Vale Coal com-
*     .,     ,     "       [ •..**...'.  Wfc   v.^c
jury nittlng at Merritt, and tho i-.ub_.a-
quent upeclal reports of the provincial
mlnoraloftlit, W. Fleet Itobertnon, and
tho chief Inspector of mines, Thomas
Ornlinm, It Is undoritood that tho
jjovornment will at nn early date Instl-
It seems, aftor n pornsnl of tho dnlly
press, that thoro is about tho samo difference between tho Domocratlo and
Republican partlos of Canada, namely
lho one Is In and tho other out, In
Pornle and Nanaimo ridings, whero the
Socialist,party has developed strength
tlio old parties immediately forgot
tholr differences nnd combined to
down tlio SocialistB. According to tho
dully proRH tho samo procoduro tho
Hopiibllcnns nnd nomoerots aro fo
morgo tholr forces In tlio city of Milwaukee for tho piirposo of ousting tho
Sor.lnllHlH, But to thoso who know It
will tnko moro than such an alliance
to beat llio Herts, Onco a Bed, always nod.—Vancouver World,
The following from a verbatim report, of a speech on Socialism by tho
Bishop of Fort Wnyno: "Horotlcs, such
ns tho Apostollcs, Alblgnenos, Ana-
baptists, etc., Hung to the prlnclplo
Hint prlvnto proporty   Is   unlawful."
Now, as n mnttor of fnct, .Iin entire
early Christian movement   hold   the
an nib thing nnd (he early church fathers made tholr chief attack on tho
juit ..-.-ji ui mo time.    The Koclnllnts
.... ..... ,',,,_,w... j>..._._tj pfop^rO, not
being communists. Th«?y oppoto tho
prlvB«.» ott*n«.ralt_l|'*« of tho mc»n« of l!!^,
which In qulto a different (king.
- Local Secretaries'are requested to call at Express Office immediate-,
ly .for Excursion tickets.' "" ■"    - \A'
".-',. '      -,,-'   - -   *   l A. J. CARTER; Secretary.    *
.Special Train Service from Burmis and"all,Intermediate Stations
'■■ Burmis '......" X..... 6.00, ■    $2.10
"'"7Hillcrest;'?".;'.".. A.?:.'.;':77.-AV.AS.■ •6;12^^ y ■ <H-?%Sy
',  Fraulc, ..'... S. ,'."... 7.'.". " G.25 '. ,    .1.90     '
,   Blairmore  r\ ..' .*  G.40- ... .■  ■
(Joloman   '  6,52 -
Crow's Nest .'  7.40 :'...   ,
jUcGillivray  '.....'■.  7.55 ....
- Michel-./.,..'. ? ■ 8.11 °      ,3.00
Natal- -.'....'...' ■  8.J4
Iiosmor  * ;....   8.41        ,      .;..•.-
Fornio' .* '.        0.00, ;
Tickets may be obtained from llio Local Secretaries. A return
special will leave Fernie at 9 p.m. ,   ■'
Everything is now ready for the monster IWny Day celebrations in
Fernio. ,Everyono has entered into tlio spirit of the affair and are
looking forward to it. with more than average enthusiasm. Contingent will commence to arrive on' tlie special which is timed to arrive herd at 9 a.m., and from that moment until late iu tho evening
Kings Sport and Festival will hold full sway. The parade will start
from the Miners' Hall about 9.30 a.m., and tho sports start at 12.30
p.m.
Entries., 1st. 2nd Urd.
1 Boys'Race, under If! years (opon) ..Free   $5   $3   —
Hoys' Race, undor 12 years (open)... .Free
Girls' Race, undor 14 yonrs (open) ... .Free
100 yds. Rnco .(open)  ..,., 50
Veterans' Race (for member., of Dis. 18
ovor, 45 years) 50
Milo Race (opon) 50
.100 yds, Race (for member.. Din. 18) ..    .50
- 440 ydH. Race (open) 50
Cycle Race, ono mile (open) '.", 50
First Renin.. Football, six-a-side (one
club one leitm) confined to C.N.I'. League  .<ae|i U-ihi. $3.00
Broad .lump (open) 50
High Jump (open)   50
Married Ladies' Race (open)  Frcn
Single [.adieu' Han. (open)  Free
Tiiff.of.Wnr, Hix-a-st'di. (open) each team #3
100 yelH, Finals (open) ...,,	
Bnm. Race  50   10    ti    4
Football, 2nd round '	
Ti.g.nf.\V.ir (fur inumbcrs of Dis. 18)
* each loam $:.   30   ■--   —
Football Final 	
Football Juniors—Fernio v Conl Crook, Frr»r>   **">*•.   —
1_
-.12.30.
2-
-12.45
3-
- 1.00
4-
- 1.15
0—
- 1.30
IJ--
- 1.45
7-
- 2.00
8-
- 2.15
..-
- 2.30
lO-
- 2.15
ll— 3.30
Ji!-
- 3.45
13-
-- 4.15
14-
- 4,25
15-
- 4.35
10-
- 5.00
17-
- 5.15
18-
- 5,30
1!)-
- 0,00
20-
-7.00
31-
- 7.ao
5
3
—
5
3
—
35
10,
5
10
5
mm-*
15
10
5
20
10
5
15
10
5
15
10
—~
(50
30
10
5
"■"ii
10
5
—
10
5
_-..
U)
ft
—,
30
__
__
_!_ _.,.,_.,-...»-«. _UV1A_. Htitll 11 rtOtl.lllM
bluejacket servlm. on a nrlllim wnr-
Rhlp In published In lho Lnbor Leader.
Thc oponlnjr paragraph rendu! "I am
a very cnthuilantlc. render of the Lender, which I am {.lad to nay Ir btlnR
more wdlolv road on t1n> lowor dcrk.
OTHER EVENTS
A Truo of $30.00 will bo given for the Junior Hnsfbafl Teams, to
bo played in tlio morning.
Prize, valuo #25,00 will be given for n Motor Cyele Race to tako
plaee in tlio evening.    Entrance* .50.
One Hnndred Dollars vill be given for Howe Racing to take place
in the evening.    Entrance .".1,00.
hour law to regulate toll ln factories j tuto proceeding agalrnt tbo coll lory J Tl_*.r« I* no «lout»t that acceptance off    Kighty-fivo Dollar* will bo given for Clay Pigeon Shooting.
and to that cad tho la devoting all li«r I company under the coal tnlnca reirulft-! SnrliiHurn J« Inrrwinir... hy j«,ipi. nn't >
emifRieii. Hho h»« a «l«t*r, Ml*« t^oultw j .Ion» ftct, but nol for munrlanRhter tiDiiTirtn In the navy, and rightly to.'   ]    Tag Competition
Carey, who la now encaged In ao!t.<-*- j under tho criminal law. Tlm remit of
meet work. Ml*« Ctrtj ia txtrem^ tl*> if!*Uitr tit mine* _i.vftttlj.al.on.
ly modoit and will nol b« Intervtow- with hln mamoramlit tb#«on. fa now
od. Ailced how aha liap^wuad to take obttlnlnj. tint ron»lilcrat!on of the at.
up th* work, ab« rotatea any other eorn*y general, to whom the matter
to__l>*.L--i..._.__  .Un "I i.ki. people; n\- hns he*n i*f*mwt for Whte^nent ac-
wayi ha»« llkad that).."
tlon.
A (tnnjn to determine the place* of'
re.,fi!cr.cc of I..I0O a.rl» worklna Inj
utAroi  fartorto* *tnt b«f!nff« ticmiK1*'
of Mlnnoapollt nnd coftdninn* m<tt-r
whlrh they llro ta to U Uk«n by atu-
dcnt« ef the nnlrerittr.
1st Prize 410.00.  L'nel ^6.00;  3rd $4.00 to the
! Inely who sells the most tag**.   Kit tra nee fret..
'I
A Pig will be given to thc ono who coptnrca it.    Entrance free.
(."liuitjUiK fflm Giv..'i> l\,U.   IIi_tr»u«-». fr»-*>.
'i
A. .1. CARTER, Sec. H. W lLMEK, Assisl. «ee, j/, --*.-,
. - I '.-*. .-»--. ^--'
. . , '}      ' - -
.•^'-.•"7^r-V'?--y^y-fvlt-f' -1
■ x? \ >y-
PAGE TWO
,u" *
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C., APRIL 27, 1912.
s    ;i-f.^     -... , ,-. V>,» - -_   ">; -v^'-^*?»-v,- >~-.V    .',*-..*^-'<--•;■■•*-^rY^-- -'*.''.,'.* •-, ."-K,"''"* ■.-*«?•; V.*--->V,*.^':*,.-.?-f -
.- -":;•*_.'*"." •'■ .,"--*■">-">*•' ".:"' ;.^.^W-~ ■*-*..'»,-■•• V?* *"-■  - '*• f' *.'"-.-. fi~ -;(.,-'...*•.   - ■ t.-.  ";8-,..>_>-:*--f;-.--* _ >_   t
'.   ■*'» '".<■ . '-'A^y,--?..,'. • A"r A?  -;..'M-V.AA4~-'•A''""     - ';-'7AA.A'^r
-, v-"-'    -i-.        '     -■*. ,  ,r    •    .-     *■ .    ,-."•!-.-,'V--      ■■'•?' ■".-' •*. •„ ,*".■*, -J' .v . j*   •■ .* - ..,■v^^.V•
;     ^'- •   ••■"' >        *'-   ,.   -7       -  '•-» -.f,     --.-.h..   . '.-,.*"i,      -. "\   •..*■.      ", - -'    y.  -'        '"-V   ''*■
.\V
How Should ti Begin f
IK
I ^.^
f
I
An Answer by Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace, of England, Lthe World's Greatest Living Scientist. _
A few weeks back a writer asked
- this question, and declared that be had
made the same inquiry of many Social
Democratic friends, and could get no
satisfactory answer. -None of tlicm,
he said, had the least notion of what
could bo done first, and next
—how, in fact, a..capilalis'(lc could be,
changed into a Socialistic regime,
quietly, systematically, without any
compulsion, and yet in such a way as"
to secure before-long the assent and
co-operation even of the non-Socialist
_ workers and capitalists. *, •   . *
Now, I quite agree with the writer
that these questions should be answered, and that, if well done, It would
greatly advance the cause of Socialism
He will, therefore, I am sure, be much
surprised to hear that it has been
thoroughly well done, in the clearest
aiid most' direct manner, in a book
published , several years ago, and
which ought to form part of every Socialist's library ,—'' Edward Bellamy's
"Equality." It' is to.be found In
Chapter XXXVII. of that, .volume—
"The .Transition Period"—and especially from" page 352 to the end of the
■ chapter; but as no doubt the majority
do not*possess this book, and have no
and; hajve ' no    means    of , seeing
. it, I propose to give a sketch here, of
the method indicated, which is, in my
. opinion, by far the best and amplest
method yet suggested, and only needs
to be thoroughly understood by all So-
■. cialists who really study their subject,
in order that it may be adopted when
the good times comes, and we have a
Socialist majority and a Socialist government in power.'
<* ■ .,
A few preliminaries must first be
entered into1.     It is obvious, for instance, that such a Socialist, government-will not follow immediately after
such a government, as we have now,
or even the most ^advanced gover'n-
1 ment we have ever- had.   - There will'
' inevitably be a series of congresses in
which radical and Socialist members
will be present in ever-increasing numbers, with ever-increasing power over
leglslntionr^-till-ai^-lcngth—they—will—bo-
- in a majority.    In such a body Social-.
. ists will-have great power.'and influ-"
ence, till they, in their turn, obtain
' the actual majority, and the time will
come when' they will have the power
to carry their principles into action.
Now, during this period of continuous progress many things will.be done
many principles will be established,
which will greatly facilitate the' work
of   the   future   Socialist government.
First, all thc local public ,services-
water and gaB supply, all forma of
electrical    supply, the liquor   traffic,
milk supply, ctcA-wllI bo municipallii-
ed;' nnd such general services as '.all-
pads and canals, and the working of
coal  and  other  minerals,  will  havo'
been taken ovor to bo administered by
tho "municipalities, wo shall certainly
have adopted tho prlnclplo of ono valuation' as a basis fit taxation or purchase whenever tho stnto or any local
authority requires land for nny purposes of public utility.
The Subject of Inheritance
All theso Important measures will
ho greatly facilitated by tho preliminary adoption of a great ethical principle—a principle which is. In my opinion, tho most. IntliHpMtii'.lc, tho mo.l
fnr-renchln.., nnd tho most beneficial
that hint ever been proposed uh the
..HRlis of economic legislation nnd ho-
(■nil reform, TlilH'prlnelpl. Is founded on the axiom that the unnou lui\ ■_
no exclusive rights to pmicrt.*, nml
Hi ful." tlovolopniont in the p.-.puhlLlun
thnt. all Inequality of Inherit-in.-i Ih un-
JUKI. Ohftervntlon nnd rea-:oi, iiUki.
provo Unit nil liilicritniico wlilnh <ii>
abloH u mnn to llvo Idly without giving any n<Iof|ti/ito sorvlco In return for
IiIh wealth Ih au Injury to him who rocolvo*. it, that It waders him lho con-
ler of n viihI clrclo of ovll Influence
through IiIh iiiinwroiiH pnrnt-.lt-.m nnd
dependent.!, nnd lh.it to pormlt It Ih
ono of Ilie '.I'cnit'Ht of crimen iigaliiNt
society,
Tlio End of Taxation
Ho Hoon uh this ..rent principle Ih accepted nit a rule of conduct—nnd I j
havo ub yot met with no Independent
thinker who wJcctB It—nil Inheritance
will bo strictly limited to Ihe dlroct
living hflrn, nt (ho porlod of 1_<kIh1u<
tlon, of nil who pohhokh proporty,
lloiU'ii, as numhei-H dlo every yen,1,
without such direct hoi™, nn vonr*
pasii away mom am. more such per- j
boat, wut die, niiii there will pour into |
tho public treasury an urer-lnrreaHliiK
ftlrertm of wealth, Including land,
hoimes, niiiniifactoiicH, etc, ho nn to
gradually replace all forms of taxation, and nlno provItlo n.nplo fundi, for
carrying on thn various public iiervlr-
e» abovo alluded to, nnd •caporlnlly
Biich nn are required to absorb tlio
whole of tho unemployed In productive labor.
Will Work Automatically
As tho application of (hit ..rent r>rln-
dplo will not tnlc or.f .icm*.- from any \
living Individual, whllo hy automatic- i
ally nuhuUia nil other forma of ta*a- j
tion It will ht.i_c.lt nil alike, not only i
by arhllnjr lo th^lr Income*, Im.  l»y
rhc.-tpcnlnr. all artlct.a which now pav
dutlf ?, nnd hy rcinovlnt. the purlod.i-al,
nnnoynnco of th« demnnda of the tnx \
collector, jt must'su^ely enlist the support of the whole body of those/who ia
any way earn what they live upon;'
while even the various classes, of property-owners will hardly oppose,? it
with the same energy that they certainly would oppose any demand,upon
their own pockets. It is, therefore,
pre-eminently a case of working on
the line of least resistance. t'
. What the application of this -great
principle would really !do would be'to
establish absolute 'equality of opportunity!' the inherent justice of whuch
hns been admitted by such opponents
of Socialism as Herbert Spencer and
Mr. Benjamin Kldd._  '
Non-Inheritance and Revenue
What. I' particularly yvish to, point
out here Is that the principle of non-
inheritance would so quickly bring in
an enormous revenue as,to render it
possible for the state to take over so
vast a business as the railroads, and
to reorganize them in the public interests; and also, whenever it was
advisable,, do the same with' all the
educational institutions of the country.
In all- such cases as the railroads, the
minerals, etc., there would* be no'question of purchase—no need- to raise r
single pound of capital. The ■ sta'.*
would simply take over their-management in tlie interest of the public, paying- to the owners or the shareholders
the same dividends or profits as tbey
had received on an average of the last
10 or 15 years to be continued to their
living heirs. Just in the same yay
the vast national debt.would be automatically extinguished by tho dying-
out of existing' fundholders and tlielr
direct heirs, thus again furnishing
ample funds for carrying on any undertakings which the general interest
rendered necessary.
Increase of Civil Servants .
, Having thus endeavored to forecast
what should be, and might probably
be, the position of a Socialist government when for the first time it came
into power, I wilf proceed-to point 6ut
how such "a government, might begin
its work so as to fulfil the conditions
stated in the first paragraph of this
article, and in doing so I shall follow
.*f"V___l_c_*___iTiai*Ql_liri_____3_ rtf_'XTOT„'T3^11oTWTr_!a=_Pn'tY_L.
cast. ■ *..'.,     '! ■
As -a result .of tlie various under
takings' already   under   government
control, there would now be. a "considerable army of civil servants which
with their families would probably amount to four or five million individuals
and the, very first step of a Socialist
government1 would me to give to theso
tho benefits of organized productive
labor.,    For this purpose public service stores would be established for
the1, supply of all tho necessaries and
comforts of life, of the best quality,
nnd nt cost price. At first theso goods
would  bo purchased  wholesale,   but
this would bo quickly followed by tho
establishment df government or municipal farms and factories, In which all
'the moro important necessaries would
bo'produced.     As tho-quantities annually required would soon bo ascer-'
talned, thoro would ho no loss from
surplus stocks; tho whole "oiiormoitH
expense of advertising would bo snv,
od; the costrof distribution would ho
greatly reduced; while tho largo profits now absorbed by tho nvniiifaGtii.-
or,' tho middleman nnd  tho retailer
would all go to roduco prl con lo such
an extent that the hulk of goods con-
siimed would coHt from 20 to no per
cent, less than undor tho competitive*,
nnd  Inrgcly  monopolistic  system  of
production.
Domestic Drudgery Ended'
When theso contorn 'of production
and distribution were In full w.i'k'm:
ordor. another uneful chi. h of Horvk'o,.
would ho oHtnbllHliod In the form of
cooking, laundry, and housework ngon.
cleii, by HHHiiiH of which all iho heavier nnd more trouhlesomo kinds of
liouKcliold labor would lio saved, nml
food of nil kind*, prcpuind in the best
und most wholcHnmo tnmiiier nt for
Icflit coHt than tho mnjorliy of. Individual hnd boforo pnld for greatly ln<
ferlor food nnd himtIcp. TIip nienlii
would hn Hiippllcd cither nt mnneretiH
central roHlnuntiiiH or at lint lioinn, an
desired, lu the Jniicr raAo nt fractionally higher rntcs,
High Wagos nnd Low Prices
It nuiHl ho kept. In mind that tho
various preliminary reforms 1 hnvo nl-
luded lo ns certain to precede the ch-
tahlluhmcnl of a SodnlWt (.<iveriimo.nl
would nli'ondy hnvo grently rallied tlwj
rntn of wnges of nil hinds of lnbor
t<i|0ll|.it    U'U    itUJIIIMllOIl    1)1    1,(11(1    I))'1
...!'.'.. .JUl......_.„.*_, ...'.'J lit,- u'lftOii'-Jull Of
/ill lb.* unemployed In celf-jtupportlng
colonies? Th* wsult would he thrtt
whon so much additional lnbor wnn
nhflorhpil hy those various public und-
V.Ci_J,i..r,i'. <-».V. fci_in>._.   \,l   .rt.,1,1   lot   pit"
vnto cnplttilsts would bo so much reduced thnt wagos would rise still fur
thor, a rise whleh would, of courso, re.
giilnto thnt of nil who wero «mployeil
In the public, service, while tho latter
would «'n|or tho ndvnntncp of ffwriflv*'
reduced prices, which would gradually
In* MtU'tidei. tn itlmoit i>V"ty tirttftn of
f.i iicrnl rondumptlo.).
Throughout the who..-- of this pro-
press thero would have been n cmtliiu-
ous approach to nn c<tu;iU/,..i.ort ot
raeiil.:*.-. hy nil frovc-rnmcrst itr.d •nunl-
rl|»;»I /-rnidovcc!., ,-jn f-.|ii,->l'jr... Imi whlrh
i ouUI first have nrltw-u lht._UKu the
prlnclplo of "oqtinllfy of opportunity"
being applied to education.-*, when it
•Would be seen' that—all "labor being
equally necessary in its proper place,*
and everyone being, so far as possible;-
'employed ' in that kind of-work for
which he was.best fitted—there was'
no justification whatever for "' any
large difference in the payment of different classes of workers; and this
principle would, of course, have been
carried out still more completely by
a Socialist government. From this
approach to equality in education, in
speech, and manners;, and in general
requirements, thero would arise such
a large demand for the better qualities
of all goods as to reduce the useless
and wasteful variety now made, thus
tending still further to reduced cost.
Useful Is Useless Labor
On the other hand, the abolition of
inheritance of,wealth would gradually
lead to the entire disappearance of
millionaires and of the', greater part
of individual wealth, and with'this disappearance the demand would cease
for that enormous mass of toys and
jewels, and tasteless frippery now
made chiefly to tempt the idle rich to
expend their unearned money; hence
a great mass of futherto wasted labor
would be'available for the production
of useful and enjoyable products for
'all.     "        ,y, "   "
, Another important result*■ of this
non-competitive supply of goods to all
public employes Avould be the gradual
displacement of metallic currency, and
the proof it would afford that any such
currency was wholly unnecessary. As
the government'and municipal stores
would "be strictly limited to public
servants and to, the' amount of their
wages and salaries, the ordinary currency would not be received in payment, although wages would for some
time continue to be paid in money;
but every public servant could obtain
in exchange for the whole or any part
of his wages, government coupons to
the . same." nominal amount, which
would? be received in payment for all
their purchases at the stores. By this
simple arrangement it would he impossible to obtain the-advantages, of the
stores - without entering the govern-1
jnent7senvice. _The_.resultJwould-.be.
that gold, would depreciate in" value aa
compared with these coupons, anil for
the" first .time in the history of^civili-
zation' It would be seen that paper
money representing productive work
is the only true standard of value and
thc best Instrument for exchange.
Would Prefer State-Work
When non-competitive supply of
goods to state and municipal employes
had reached this' stage its advantages'
would,,be'so obvious that great numbers of those still working for prlvato
capitalists would nlso demand stato
employment, and this would lead to
the continuous extension of public factories and workshops. As this went
on tho capitalist manufacturers would
find* it, impossible to obtain workmen
nncl would be obliged to close their
factories or hand them' oyer to the
government receiving in exchange an
nnnulty In coupons bnsed upon the ac-
tnnl selling value of tholr property;
whllo thoy themselves could, If thoy
wished it, enter tho public service as
malingers,
The End of Metal Money
It is needless here to, enter Into
furlhor details, It Is qulto evident
that tho process horo described would
go on, continuously till, practically the
wholo population would havo entorod
tho ranks of tho co-oporalivo commonwealth; and, colncldontly with this Inflow, gold and silver currency would
steadily diminish in vnluo, till at last
it would ho absolutely woi'IIiIchh as
money, rolnlnliiR nuty Its value ns twin! iiHorul In tho,arts or for ornament
—a vnluo which would certainly dwindle to a mere fraction of what it Is
now, And during the wholo of this
gradual dnvolopmont of thn new social
oritnnlzntlon not a pnrll.lo of compel-
hIoii would ho needed. There would
lie a free nnd open Ivlnl of tho comparative morlts of Iho two systems
Hide by side,
No Compulsion Would De Used,
No Hlncle btep In the measures of
the government could ho objected to
by thc nnil-aeclnllst cnpitnlluta and
workers,'slnco It would ho exactly the
Miimo kind of competition which thoy
have alwayo carried on with each
other, hy which tho big capitalist had
driven out tho smnll one, and tho trust,
or syndicate hnd swallowed up tho
|,i , 1 "N. f ,1, . r. 1     i-.iftv.tif...  t.i.       . rrM I
i.. •. > * v. ..„.,»    *_    *„.,.,_...    t. .* i, , „ * *»w_-   (ytiH.
difference would \\o thnt while 'he
result of tho compel It I vn system hnd
boon to create n regiment of millionaires at tho top and an army of unemployed at tho   bottom—mansions
».ni1 mine/*.*.  r»n Mw> rm,. ?•?,-•*   <•-, i  fj,»
slums and collars of a thousand cities
on tho other—tho adoption of tho Socialistic mothod of cooperation hnd
abolished all these iniquities nnd horrors, nnd rondcretl It Impossible for
any human being to auffcr want In
tho midst of wealth, or to bo driven to
suicide after n hopeless slniRKle for
work.
No Danger of an Exodus
Ono more word before T close.
Home of my reader., may tnnkw ihe
Able**.lei. .hat t.R fan »» the Kom-ri-
nv>nf t>*»i.,*.ft ihta "•'.'en. tit who'^a.'1
production large numbers of capitalists   and   manufacturer.,    would   i;o
abroad "and' establish, factories .where
they coiiicl- obtain cheap?- labor}?? thus
"impoverishing the cbuntryj*^ABut''if,
they did/o it would • merely "facilitate
the measures ,of the' Socialist','govern-.'
ment."-,' They could"not- carry,- away
their factories, and their-money as we
have seen would not be wanted.*'" '.■■"
Numerous other ^details 7'are". discussed by,,Mr, Bellamy, and' I" strongly
recommend such of my readers-as .are
interested in the subject'to",study his
book.VI*venture to''think that-I-have
as I. proposed to-do, pointed out, at
least one very simple and thoroughly
effectual method by .which a Socialist
government, whenever it comes into
power, coiilcf proceed at once to.give
effect to'the fundamental'principles of
Social-Democracy. " "'"
A SLIGHT. RECOGNITION
"Tho moral of the Crow's Nest
strlko and-of the great .British'strike.
is one and. the same. * The destiny
of nations, or at least their commercial prosperity, is in the* hands of organized labor. This new sovereign
power has,, with' the best possible intentions, inflicted upon Eastern B. C.
and upon Great Britain respectively,
staggering blows which would' have
cost„the old-fashioned kind of sovereign either his throne or,his head."—
News:Advertiser, Vancouver.   .
WOMAN ELEVATED TO
HIGH-COURT BENCH
MELBOURNE, Australia, April 19.—
Nancy Isaacs, daughter of Justice
Isaacs, has been raised to the bench
of the Australian Commonwealth High
Court, and will be her father's judicial
associate: Tho appointment is" regarded as the world's greatest triumph
for women lawyers. In Great Britain
and some of • the great self-governing
colonies'wornen'have n'ot-yet achieve*d
admittance to the bar.
GIRLS STRIKE FOR
A HIGHER   WAGES
NEW YORK,-April 23— Declaring
they were tired of, working in the
dark from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. for ?5 per
week, fifty girls employed by a moving - picture'"manufacturing concern
here have 'gone on strike for;'more
money,and shorter hours?. ,It is said
that the work is very trying on'the
eyes r as the employees'labor in the
dark room'of the plant all day in the
perfornjance'of their duties.        ,' '
THE  BALLOT FOR
v-   ',    v   CHINESE WOMEN
_77E'011_atT)Pnnlf>iinR(-_.'lcnilirinir_tlia_i,lS-Jik
 -.. . i .-T, . ^.....g-.uw-,,Q„b-
to speak for themselves ■ on public
question's and to vote for their own
officers '.the -Chinese, have not been
backwards by, any means. . In granting suffrage-they' also "granted it to
■womfen—wlth-botira" property qualification and,,an educationarqualification
attached.       "   ''
$25,000 GIVEN TO,,
ERADICATE SOCIALISM
' BALTIMORE, Md., »Aprll 20.—Car-
dinal Gibons, as .chancellor of tho Catholic University. Washington, today
accepted from a. western donor of
Jewish extraction, $20,000 to found a
chair for study looking to tho eradication of Socialism;
May* day tills' year ls to bo declared
a general labor holiday in England. It
ls to bo made' the occasion of the
greatest labor demonstration over
soon in that country. Hitherto tho
principal May-day celebrations have
hoon hold on the first Sunday in May.
In South Wales 250,000 workors will
stop work on May 1 to attend the
demonstrations, Tho greatest meetings In tlio couiftry will ho held ln
Cardiff, Liverpool, Newcastle and Dun-
dee.
' And now It, is Mr. J? II. Hawthorn,
thwolto, Into member for Nanaimo",
who ls to bo offered a Socialist nom-
Inntion In Great Britain. If this kind
nf thing bops on much longer thoy
will ho hoisting tho sign "No Englishmen n.od apply" ovor tho nrltlsh
House of Commons. — Vancouver
World.
(Jrnnlto City, 111., is nnotlior city
where, now that thoro hi a .Snolnllst
mayor, tlio old pnrt los havo suddenly
discovered thnt the non-partisans prlnclplo Is tlio only respoctablo thing,
'Is your husband at homo?"
"Yes; wlmt do you want with him?"
"I'm—-or—rovlHliiR tho voting   list:
nnd I Just wanted to Inquire which
party hn liolongs to."
"Do yor?    Woll, I'm tho pnrty wot.
'e belongs to."—London  Tatlor.'
v-yr,n
CigaPjSt#e
W. A. INGRAM
._ *      s'y-r
Wholesale, and Retail...
Barber Shop* A
Baths    ■■
Shoe. Shine
Billiards-and Pool
Coffee and' Sandwich
■- .-      ■  .. .* I.-,.  ■
Counter
1 t   , ,     >
Hazelwooa Buttermilk   -
. '    Victoria-Avenue
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
.....
General Dealers
*::#-
Gibods
-andr
Living Prices
Dry: Goods. 'Boots,^Shoes
^ Men's Furnishings-
' GrocerieSjpruits and■,.-.:
'X-X'.   .-;Provisions :-.;."'A~y''r
Bellevue, yXlta.
'.'., - >*-\-i
Stephen T.
,,    .-•',,   '*'.    .: Dealer  in   .<■ *'* -A
, * .  •*       - * ■,     *'      -.        •       .*.,.?'',.    . • >   .
:   * Hardware,  Stbyes, , Ranges
Fancy Goodsdnd Stationery
BELLEVUE      .        7 :.AA-'\y;    '        Alberta
Fernie-Forf Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd,
Beer
, i.
Bottled Goods a Specially
A Flash of
Lightning
Is 'Just as likely to strlko
tho houso of the uninsured
-" ' man' ns that of his moro prudent neighbor.. No building
ls Immune.  '
Better Have
Us Insure
you and have    a   lightning
*   clause attached to tho policy,
Thon you needn't worry ovory
time thero Ib n thundorstorm,
M, A, KASTNER
Solo A-gront for Fernio
Bellevue Hardware !   Furniture Co.
7. -,   7    ■-.   Headquarters for?r,. ; -7,        ' ,
■*.-     * . 't.         7     ,'--'* . .,- ,      .      . -,
House Furniture and? Hardware a
SPECIAL-';.PRICES    IN"   FURNITURE ..:
• ..     .     *. - ■ *.     .
A.Complete line ,qf —..,-.—■■.—.   Look: around first
SPORTING GOODS
THEN  BUY HERE
Every day a.Bargain Day Here...
Electric Restorer for Men
P-.OS_.llOf.ol retlorciievrvnarvi: Ih lliolmily
' .to Itn prtiti'jr tuimlimi Kislnrcu
vlin nml vitality, I'mmnturu dernv nml nil. txwnl
woiikucBO nvi'itcil nt onco. I'lm. i>lm«»il will
make you nnuwinnn, I'rlco Mnl'iix.m lv foi
»1, mhII#'I lo nnv ndilr. m. Tho HcalNill liruv
Va„ tit, CnthitiliifH, Out.
For 8bIo nt  Olensrlell's Drug Storo
"  f
n
■ -■' - °     **   ,, - *     * -' *      ■ *,
HillcrestVAlta.
■J ,     u *c. / - .i''"^'
, t * I . ' *_'".' --. ' '    J ^   **        ■■ .
Glean arid Comfortable
\s j   '   "      .   r ■ _     " ■ •.  -    , :  ~   -»xy\    "?
;    Tasty Meals   a
-*. .*"
U  7,
Choice Wines, Liquors; and ^Gigars
H.J; CUNNINGHAM,'Proprietor -\
y I
_o_. !• _D_L_f__rj.lO
Grocer
i    ,  " ^ **       .   .
■ •> * . . t, ,
1. - -1 _j , l' ' ll   ,»■
1 *> . Wo cany a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
1   ,   Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Phdne 103        :*:        Frank, Alta.
D(Q_*0*fl_. 494
IF YOU WANT THE BEST
And Nothing: but tho Boat in Fresh
and Smokod Moats, Frosh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produco, Poultry
Etc.  Etc., flfo to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
. i *
" 8AM GRAHAM, Manager PHONE 41
Tlio roriiorntlons own tlio licofBleak;
tlio \vor)(oi'H fho nppotlto,
A SoclnllHl papor linn lieon fitnrtod
(or circulation among tlio fltudontB at
. _ui vara Univor»lty.
»   »   *
A wnse-tforkcrt' meal llcket and Ma
vo'o linvo ii cloao rolallonBhlp. th.
b(.'tU'i' tlio job, tlio lots lio It awaro of
ni'.< rclmloimlilp,
• •   •     |,
A trtiHlcil hilior loader named .Olonon
whh killed in n railroad wroc). In
Ontario, nnd death camo bo aw..../
(hat ho did not havo tlmo to dcitroy
P-ip^r. thnt ilc canrtcd that ohowed Ivlnv
lo liavo Imon a llfo long npy In tho
■ ranI..; uf Uui \v*)_i_n. F*id,i'ttUoi. ot
Mlncm,
• »   »
"Tlio revolution l« a fart, it la hero
now. Rr-ven million revolution!!.-,
or„-..T,i/r.-ii, uotidDK day,and flight, and
prf.irlifuu nkll mvolttUou- -tliaL (.-juutoU
bio roipel, tho Drothorhood of Man."
—Ja'-k l.fniilon.
Coleman Ladies, Look Nice!
J.\_/(L/XJ_.V^O»
V/\_/\_A
Wo eater specinlly for T_/wlieR nn.l Children.
If you want nico clothoH at lowoHt pricos call
or writft—wn'ro hound to i.l«ni«. von—tvv m.
*. i +
200 Varieties of Wash Goods
*
& Trimmings—English Prints
Every yard guaranteed—7 yards, 90 cents   H
%££. Co-Operative, Coleman «ST-_f
1_-
iiw h-
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, i'B. C., APRIL 27, .1912.
tonisfn
the Hd^qfi
Intetnational; Organizations, are Preferable to the
yX.  National 'Body Fostered by Employers7to
yyy "fycreaseyTheir Employees "Undoing A   Xy-
7 .'- 7,- - (By James Simpson, ^Toronto)
?,„  [ 7'The growing popularity, of Canada
'.  as a field for Investors the world over
■   also gives it'an international interest"
■;.     —Pred W. Field, Financial Edlto\ To-
A\' ronto. Weekly Star.'   ' ■■■       _
"„-■"'• '". This significant paragraph, from tho
"   ,;. pen^of. one of Canada's keenest -flnan-
-   >?clal critics indicates>along what'line
. \ the natural resources of Canada, will be
?y- developed. .The financiers bf almost
A every, nation iri'the. world, are looking.
• ;*  to this country, as'Hh. .piaoa for safo
• and.secure investments and tare pour-
.? lng';in th"eh7 millions,of dollars where'
■ r they;hope to;'obtain the. highest,'pos';
Aj sible. rates of interest and'annual dt
-dividends, y Tjiis fact alone stamps, the
industrial, development in Canada as
.', ,?, international,.and.oblivious*"to" natioii-
.-'..'abboundary lines.   '        • . .      c- y
"*".    The .workers In these nations from
i. y which is 'coming the capital' to' invest
*'. ^^ Ihe development of the Industries of
7> -Canada' have, been exploited solsuc-
7 . cessfuly .that, the surplus uninvested
'. /'wealth of foreign financiers has 'be-
, come a standing menace to the own-
C,ers'* security and  is so'emphatically,
• -.emphasizing the injustice;of'the pre-
-". sent1 industrial system that'something
.must begone ,ta stem the tide of work-
-irig-class 'agitation.    ;J__ both Europe
and the United States there" are fears
. ^ntertained that the working class wilf
^*hot,*indure .much longer the extreme
' ^conditions ,of poverty'on the one hand
• and the vulgar'display of luxury on the
"other hand.  : These fears are moving
many of the exploiters of the workers
., to look to Canada as their refuge, and-
a .safe' field to continue the methods
'.and systems' that* have proved, so satis-,
| y factory .to them in the' Old -World."
Railway Development and, British .*.
Capital"  .-.,  "  -, ;-
From the United States,.?.?4_.7,143,220
France ..?.,.* .,,';,y 70,750,000
Germany  .,'.-.; y."..'  30,725,000
Belgium  •••■' 7-'...".-   11,675,000
Holland-
.** 11,000,000
Turk«y/, :.:...    3,000,000
Russia
We have".hen\
Foreign capital ,
American :....-.',
British".."..'."..'..'
.1,500,000
-?595,893,220
.$ 139,589,650,
".' .417,143,221
'1,860,000,000
Grand .total
1 ,*>,"
.■.2,416.732,871
;.__jii.__
inr
■should  be;observed "that"while
|. there are those.in' Canada who "advo-
Aate the organization of • trades unions
on national lines,'there is1 no'indication ^among'those who are responsible
for the financing of .Canadian railway-
development' -that'1' the'   investments
should he'-confined to purely1.Canadian
investors. ' Even at'this,stage of rail-
jway development the British financiers have loaned $384,097,490,' notwitti?
standing tho'fact'that on the,railway
systems of the United1 Kingdom?-the
1180,000 sleeping partners, or sha'rehold-
"We," receive   Jn   dividends, annually
labout ",216,800,000, while, the .620,000
Jrallway managers,, • clerks,   servants,
[etc., only, draw $216,250,000, or $550,-
000 less ln wages.    These facts should
Jjbo sufficient to shov. tlin't the.Br._ish
rfnvestor is looking to, tho wago workers'of Canada to contlnuo the pay-
Imont of tho usual tributo to mako pos-
jslblo his luxuriant standard of living.
United 8tates Capital In Canadian -
'<   Industries
It is conservatively estimated that
Jho capitalists, of tho United States
have only$400,000,000 invested in tho
IndUBtrlos.of this.country and aro con-
Itlnunlly looking for* now floldH for In-
[vestments.   . It is well knwn that in
po development of both the coal and
|motiillforou8 mines tho United Statos
capitalists have played a, vory prominent part.    Kvon during tho big coal
futrlko in'Nova Scotia In 1009 the Do-
ilnlon Coal Company was soiling $],*-
1000,000 worth of bonds to Unltod Statics capltallBtR through a Chicago firm
if'bvoltora, aiid nt tho Bimie time woro
I'.'ondomnlnK tlio Unltod Mlno WorkerH
.r Amorica bocnuso thoy woro nn In-
Jfornatlonal labor onmnls.alIon,    Tlio
Namo can ho Raid of the mine opora-
pr» who control tho mlnon In North
)ntnrlo,    They have Inooflsnntly nnd
Ivlgorounly opposod tho organization of
lho minors undor lho bnnnor of nn in-
Itornnllonal union, but hnvo Just ns por-
iBlatonlly and uncompromlBlngly   pro-
[tooled  tlio  InteroBts  of tho  Unltod
HtntoB capitalists   who havo shell a
|grlp on^'that part of tho natural ro-
.ourcoH of Canada.     But It in not
[alono In tho mining Industry thnt tho
JUnlted SlatoB capital In Invested.   In
Irnnny of tho largo manufacturing on-
IterpiIsoB, the workers nro subject to
[International control from tho omploy-
f|nf..ond of tho btialnoaa.    Resident
•'„ It, this total amount of capital'is
divided by thej total population of-the
c'buntry;-\ve'h'ave"an indebtedness on
every man, woman arid child of $341;'
or^in other -words,? the interest at 6
,per cent, would'mean $20 on every
head, an annual charge'of .'over $160
per'.average family,' ,? -\ - ., '?
American capital seems to dominate
iri .British "Columbia. - ■. We,have 209
branch companies-.with -an •*"average
capital of $600,000, or a total of $125-
400,000.*' *"   y y     a   - ' * A
Investment in mills and tim? % •  '
, ber, * -..... ?...."._.;..-._... .*'. $65,000,000
Investment" in -mines       60,000,000
Land deals - _ .1.....'....'..'  ■ 8,500^000
Packing, mostly in British    .' ■
Columbia ...,..?..-.-. ' 6,000,000
' "Assets of, United" States Insurance .'
-    7     -   Companies   '■   '.   -,
If we take-the report, of our Canadian Superintendent of-insurance, we
find'that-for the year,* ending-31st of
March,-.1911, the .tojal assets of American*, life arid'fire insura rices iri Canada, was.$55,456,527,"the two principal'
items, being bonds and debentures.
- Their; assets- represented-, by* deberi-
tureWniym^cETW^a^foiio'^ T"rTA"
Debentures,"..:.'...'......'.. $43,293,221
■••' •••-•-   "162,141
Stock":,
$43,455,362.
The,Money,Trust In Canada        "
, Despite the rapid , increase in the
population of the Dominion of Canada
and the unquestioned industrial deve-"
lopraent, thero are only -'27 chartered
banks,.as.compared with 41 in 1889.
These chartered,  banks   have   about
2,570 branches in all parts of the country the; deposits'' are,   approximately
$930,000,000. ;• Nearly one-tenth of tho'
paid-up capital was..subscrlbed by foreign capitalists.     The bank loans at
the early part, of the year amounted to
$775,000,000 and tho net.circulation to
$102,000,00,0. ..Those institutions hnvo
been so1 successful in the use of the
money of .their .depositors' that while
their, authorized .capital Is $169,866,600,
tho paid-up'capital,is $62,000,000 less
The depositors, have boon receiving
interest at tho rato of throo por cont.,
but the shareholders havo   rocelvod
from 10 to 20 per cent per annum.   In
addition to this high rato of Interest
enjoyed by tho shareholder, tlio re-
sorvo funds of these banks have boon
Increasing, annunlly until thoy havo
roached tho Immonso sum of $98,868,-
124.    It Is claimed that this largo reserve fund is to protect tho depositors,
but among those who understand the
mothods of financing such Institutions
It Is regarded as.tho bost monns of
keeping tho depositors satisfied with
a vory low rato of Interest.    If tlio
roaorvo fund woro applied to dividends
the dlfforonco between tho, rnto of In-
toroBt pnld tho depositors and th dlyt
dond* pnld tho Bhnrolioldorfl would ho
an lmn.odl.ito domand for a higher
rnto of IntoroBt for the depositors, Tlio
Imnkii nro doing IhibIiiobs under a Do-
minion charier, but nro international
In .tholr charnotor,     They wlold    a
utrong Influence upon nil branches of
IndiiHtry nnd can nlwnyu bo dopondod
upon to ally tliomsolvoa with tho enp-
tains of Industry who roalst tho do-
mands of organized labor.
Orowlno Power of TruiU in Canada.
• According to the Financial Post, tho
Journal recognized   n« - tho   official
moimthploco of organized capital, thero
woro formed comblnoH or morgan., dur-
lug tho throo yoara, Including 1000,
They can be safely trusted to establish
the'widest possible margin;'between
the exchange value of the" commodities
produced in their factories and workshops and tlie market.value.-of these
commodities. This wide margin.^explains* why the wage-*workers" are .kept
so-poor and "the capitalist; "class'so
rich? ■ Their object is - to eliminate
competition, and thus obtain a freedom
in; the sale.of their commodities that
will-guarantee the minimum'amourit of
labor and the largest possible profits.
They constitute an obstacle in the way
of labor's progress that purely national unions are important to overcome.. -
International Character of Canadian
h Trade       -■'.■*    ^ •
,The trade of Canada'is'"transacted
with about ninety couritries.jhus show
ing an" utter,' disregard for national
boundary lines. : During the'year 1911
that trade amounted . to   $709,443,905
and of-that amount the imports amounted- to- $462,247,540. '   The United
State^ contribution to'meet the'consuming power of the nation was valued at $294,415,202, as compared with
the contribution,from the*United King-'
dom", valued *at: $110,585,004.    Tlie contributions fronyali other nations valu"
ed at ,$85,019,220.'' It"is Interesting to
note the'international   fraternity   as
evidenced in the large balance of free
imports over dutiable imports from the
United States, „the, former valued at
$284,325,321 and the latter at $161,538,,,
'448.    -The balance in favor of the United? States to. be paid-in cash"last
year was $174,200,000, or $50,000,000
more than in any previous year. • The
dutiable imports from the United Kingdom last year were valued at $85,019,-
220^and"the.free imports at**)$25,5,65,'-
784, and when compared with the exports the balance in favor - of' Canada
in cash was $26,768,000. '  This clearly
indicates that in-trade, matters Canadian capitalists are more loyal.to the
United States ,than   to   the   United
Kingdom.- v In' face "of' this",fact, the
wageAvorkers  are asked "to  organize
on- purely national  lines', "arid  thus
shake off the interference by "the foreign-agitator's.*   A      ■;■' .*>■■'   -'
.,'■    Canadian Trade's Unions... '
-Any movement having for its'"object
the organization "o'f purely national un-
iong'jS-reactioimi-5raiid"doonlea~tF'fail~
ure. ^ A few spasmodic'attempts have
been, made ,In Canada during the past
few years to organize Canadian unions,
but they have Veen chiefly used as* refuges for those-who wish to escape
from their "obligations as international
is organized to fight "aggressively* to
I imP<rove the conditions of'the workers.
Its growth during'theSpast year has'
been more marked'than 7'at any'6t__e'r
time0 in its history.     The paid up and
reported membership of International
unions   "affiliated with the American
Federation of "Labor-at' "the' endAof
March-,-i9i2, was 1,832,791, 'or an.in-'
crease of 136,229 during the year end--
ing Hhe 29th of February;. 1912.   • if
the organizations not affiliated . with
the A. F. of L'. addedi-heir membership
to those already affiliated there would
be a grand total of over 2,000,000.- The
total membership of the trades unions
in'the'world is over 12,250,000, and of
this number Great Britain-and Ireland
have , 2,347,461";    Germany   2,865,686;
and France 977,351.      Over 7,000,000
Qf the total number of trades unionists1
in the world are affiliated, with   the
great* internatfonai secretariat, an organization that,has for its object the
uniting of all the workers of the world
for, the advancement - of   the   labor
movement.'   The trades" unionists, of
Canada are affiliated with the.inter-'
national unions having Jurisdiction in
the United States,and this country,
but tho legislative matters, affecting
the   Canadian   membership' are   the
chief concern of the Trades "and Labor
Congress of Canada and Its Provincial
Federations, of Labor and Provincial
Executives.  - It is-a well-known fact
that while the trade unionists of Can-
ada contribute,* through dues and assessments, to the funds of the interna-
tlonal unions, the benefits derived are
much greater than these financial contributions.'' Prior to the big strike of
the   members,  of   the -United * Mine
Workers of America in Nova   Scotia
there had only'been paid'about $3,000
in dues and assessment,- but during the
struggle, the international organization
paid 'over, $1,000,000 in strike benefits
alone.     The same generous treatment
has been  given-the  Canadian wage-
workers-by other international unions,
and while there have been tijnes when
,it was impossible for the international
unions   to   'offer financial assistance
they have.'never discriminated against
their .Canadian membership  because
they were riot citizens of the United
States. -'The opinion is generally accepted by.the workers in Canada that
they must organize upon international
lines ,,and while, it may. serve the' interests of designing politician's to appeal to the workers   on 7 "patriotic"
groundsto 'organize Canadian, unions,
such_an appeal .v'wffl.-fall upon deaf,
ears7     International 'combination  of
capitalists demand.international organizations of the-workers.—The Lance,
Toronto. '       ' A.-   ... -.
WHY ALL ONION MEN
p.LD BE SOCIALISTS
By-.Frank Hayes, Vice-President Unit-
.7ed,'Mine,Workers of America   '   -
;If it is necessary for us to organize
.on the-industrial field, why is it riot
equally necessary,-or more so, for as
to organize.as "workers on the poiiti--
cal field? If we organize against the
capitalist on sthe;i-_dustrial, field; can
we consistently and intelligently join
with hijn- and vote with' him on the
political .field? ?,
J No, a thousand times No!
strike\so must.we Vote!
PAGE THREE
KENNEDY &  MANGAN
J44*6^
As we
" As a member pf the largest trade
union in America I want to-voice my
belief in the doctrine that every trade
unionist ought to be a Socialist.'
And the fact that a number of trade
unionists are not Socialists, is, I believe, because^hey do not properly understand the relation between .the two
movements. Alt shall be my purpose.
In* ,this»brief, article to explain'In as
plain a way as* possible, why. a trade
unionists should, be "a Socialist. '
a Beastly Bore"
don't you know, to becoix_-
-. • pelled. to "work with Bomeium-
.'    ber.     tl is, full* of knots i.r
'   knot holes, the* grain doesn't 7
'   -run straight and there'are all'
-    kinds of trouble. •'   7
It Isn't0upiuffibeP7
.that works'that way.' 'Give os;,,
*■ your next order   and   you'll
find it an actual" pleasure" to*
work even in the hottest woa- "
.- ther. , , -    -       .    „
OFFICE and VARD,   McPHEKSON   AVE., OPP. a N.
DEPOT,   FERNIE
7__".HE__,ISSUE-
11^ »■
_
T«._ in._»l.i\eiit_. t.tt.,i Ouitioe
Tho following- tnblo mimmnrlBOfl tbo
mtildo cnpltnl Invested ln Canadian
nterprlflos, and shows tho oxtont to
hlch Internationalism has developed
.vliat Is known ns "Canadian Dig Busl-
tess":
>r. de Vim's Female PIII§
A rdliblt Prjneh writ tor 1 timr hilt. Th.M
•llii tr* «««»dlo».j; Mwerfnl In rt««UtlaVth«
Ul chup ImlUtlodi, Dr. it* •»»_•• «r« •" 1'l IT
t& NLbo», or Ihree lor llfc M*il«rl lo «ny «rt?i Ui
■"' loobell br-OK Co., Ut, CMl__.rli.k_. Wat
Vc_
i_.<4Jit4uiM_iM uta placed at the head of I !"*"" "'"' iJi*' *-******-***i**J*_ ut ^a^,i;y(,,
ilicw uiicwik-u .0 „i»o .2t_u utUm- .Hft;_ . ^ '." [,,c Hntow la M 11'
k\ character, but a study of tho slock-
hoots reveals tho fact that theso Can-
dians nro merely tho halt to catch
.nnndlan bunlnonn,
trade unionists. The very'material .out
of which" these organizations are formed, make'ultimate-success an impossibility; .. if men will evade their legal
arid moral obligations in one form or
organization they will pursue the"same
courso ■ when  called upon to ''evince
their, loyalty ,to another form of. organization. ' • They cannot be trusted
beyond that point whero their union
will gain .for-them, somo advantage,
sacrifice for the good of the movement.
When .the ^lmo   comes   that thoy
fiiust sacrifice for the good   of   the
movement.they will accept,,the coward's position and desert tho fighting
ranks.     Such a movement can only
serve as the auxiliary for the employ-
lng class, and can only obtain a torn-
.porary advantage in tho hope that tho
larger and moro powerful organizations will bo weakened by tholr troach-
ory., Roallzlng tholr "weakness, these
national organizations'become the easy
prey   forydesigning politicians, and
what they fall to gain through Industrial organization they hopo to mako
«P by.tholr services to politicians who
sorvo tho capitalist Interests.     They
accept as their loadors men who have
hnd aspirations for important Interna-
tlonal offices, but, having   failed   to
roach tho hol«_i£Mof tholr ambition In
thnt direction tliey becamo brooders of
distrust nnd suspicion in tholr organizations, and ultimately lead a small
following to tholr downfall.    Tlio~|.ow-
or and Influence of tho orgnnlzod capitalists of Canada mako the growth of
tho notional .ratios union movomont
nu Impossibility from tho (Standpoint
of Improving the condition   of   tho
workers, , Such  a  movomont  could
only ho to tho captains of Industry ns
clny.ln tho hands or tho potter.     It
could he formed und reformed to suit
tho doBlroa of Its more powerful antagonist.    Tho  moro  fact  thnt   tho
omployors of Canada wish It'succnm.
should ho sufficient to convince any In-
telllgent worker that It has no place In
tho Rreat working* clnsu movomont.
To illustrate tho truth of this stato-
mont. it Is only necessary to stnto that
after sovornl years   of   tho ntr\r>t™t
economy the Provincial  Workmen's
iU_.ocl.uion, 11 purely national minors'
■' Reports from all parts of the United
States show that the two old parties
are being driven into one camp.' - In'
dozen's of towns the Republicans, Dem-,
ocrats, Independents * and* Prohibitionists have joined forces to prevent the
Socialists from'getting- into municipal
offices, and have,dismally failed. ■-,Wo
must' all admit that if we can drive
our common enemy into one camp we
can show up'the issue better.
The Issue Is between the working
class and the capitalist class, but when
a dozen different candidates aro in the
field the issuo does not appear to be
clear -to the average voter.     Let us
co-operate and make tho Issue clear,
let us take every opportunity to drive
the' Liberals and Conservatives into
tho samo "camp; let us take,part in
every election, municipal or otherwise;
lot us, .if need bo, tako part in three
fights in oho yoar, municipal, provincial arid Dominion.   You say you havo
nothing to fight for in a municipal
oloctlon.   Apparently they havo in tho
states, and we nlso havo an issue hero
In Canada.   Is yeur town council looking after the Interests of tho working
class as thoy should?   No?   Thon get
aftor thorn.   .What.happons to .your
propagandists?   Thoy get driven from
town to town.   You can hardly keep' a
good spoakor In your town unless he
is paid.   Why not try and pay his ani-
ary from  the cltlos' funds?, ' MoBt
locnls nro half aBlcop during tho year
or bo botweon elections.    A municipal
oloctlon will keep   tho   fight , going,
Fight wo must all time I   And unless
we get Into the municipal fight wo cannot, truthfully say wo aro working In
tho InteroBts of tho working clnsB.—
Western Clarion.
In the first place, there is no identity of interest between the capitalist
and the worker, or, to put it plainer
between the fleecers "and'the fleeced
If there, was. an .identity of Interest,'
or if our interests were-mutual, there
would be no .necessity for the "trades'
union- movement or a "working class
political party.
If bur interests were common, there
would be np strikes, .no lockouts,'no
blacklists,,no bull.pens and no injunctions.       ,      '    ,     ,    '
If our interests were the same, to-
follow,-this capitalist' sophistry to its
logical conclusion, we would be spend-'
ing, our; suirimers at Newport or Atlantic City and our. winters amid the
balmy climate of Californla'o'r Florida
or we would, be spinning    over   the
boulevards' in our auto or playing golf
or bridge,' with, pink tea on the side
in some fashionable home. '
If,our interests'were the same, our
children would go - to high "school or
collegejnsteadof to the workshop or'
factory, and, moreover'; our girls would
have an opporturiity to go to some conservatory (,instead. of .-"to -..somebody's
kitchen on sweatshop,-and possibly,
later, owing tb starvation wages and
overwork, to the bact lands arid premature death.  t-7- ,-'..
Hotel Michel
Michel, B.C.    7
HEATED WITH STEAM
Lighted with Tungsten Lamps
.  - Ostermoor, Mattresses
.  Clean Linen
Pure Food
Rates '„.. ', $2.50
per day
W.L F0ISY'-   Manager
HOTEL
* .Therefore, it_is7be,caufi..-itV-jnrgr.-
ests of'the capitalist^and the"worker
are diametrically-opposed-to each other that the.trades ,unlon"movement is
in evidence--a natural nrbdnnt nf .
Ab
js
■at ^ta, •>{*!._
AmwJm
NYJVOi'MIH <w (JOAT, MINI?. O
III.OUf.ATIO.VH
»OAr_, ml ii I n k rlvlits of tho Uomln-
_U
may
yearn nt an nnnunl ron tal of tt Hn nam.
rl)t-l!\?r*J)}!iJ)..WM '"J""**1 wll bo luuRod
bo  limmxl   for  n  tenn   of  twt-nTy-ono
il ronta -
.._. ... ^  ....... _,,>1A tinrn
to ono applicant.
of Industry todny and'those comblna- union in Nova Scotia could onto"**
tions aro making the forces ngalnst   -   ■ ■■    -    - "        l   ■ y <""
organized labor all the moro fornild-
nhlo.     Theso combines or
mergers
.   krtJ\4l4U_tl.
linos In tho extension of trndo or tho
purchase of raw materials. Tholr
loyalty eon bo safely gauged by tho
oxtent to which tho country Berves
tholr mntorlul Intorest. They do not
rognrd the Canadian brand of work-
men ns tho only ellglb.es for employ-
mont, hut on tho other hand **-mv.ur-
ago ond assist In every way posslblo
tho Jn.por.anco of labor powor from all
parts of Iho world. Tholr slogai*. fs
"Profoetlon" forthotr products, but
"Free Trado" for their labor power?
tabliiih n strike fund suflclont'to pay
strlko bonoflts to its members about
four days. It bocamo tho auxiliary of
uk. woimnton Coal Company, and
when tho United Mlno Workors fought
for bettor conditions tho company had
no hotter ally than this purely nation,
nl organisation, In tho Provlneo of
Ontario tho Cnnndlnn unions aro almost r-nflrely romponed of men who
havo justly boon called "Tax-dodgors"
bMwisA of tlidr failure lu pay ..»,..
duos to their international unions.
Ths International TrsdM Union Movement
Unllko tho national trades union
nsovenwnt, the Internal local movement
Application for n !mi*o irm.it tin mnrlf.
i'L l."-' nj'P'lwint In nonioH'.o tlm
Atfont or rtjili.Afront of 'thn iIIh riot. In
which tho rtftl... applied for aro Mmnt-
oil.
Tn ■nfi-fli'M ir,rritr,r„ <i,r  i„, il ...,    , ,
rtosorlbori i.y juicttoiiH*, or loiral «ub"-(l'lvU
_?ttu.!ry- V"? tr?,ot «PP'M for shall bo
-tni.ort out by Uio fl-..iJlfv_.it hlmnolf,
JOaoh apllmuion mu»t bo accompanlert
?_.* .'*?.c' n ZWP wl'» t<» rcfunde.1 If
tho TlurliU nppl od for lira not nvi_lli_..i<*.,
but not,otherwise. A. royalty ahnji bo
paid on thn mnrolmntnlilo output of tho
mlnn at thc rittn or ftvr> rM\i« r\n» i""
furnish the AMntwUTi nworn raturni
njicotintlnir for tlm full qunntlty of mer"
elmntalilo coal mlnfd nn itpny tlia ray-
nlty thorcon. If tho coal mln mr
rlal.ts nro not hnlnn opnrntrrt, Imofi
munis »hould bo furnlihcd nt lean,
onco a year. '
Tho len«o will (neludft thn conl mltlnir
'Ifhtn only, hut tho l»««no nmy tin piir,
miffc-i! frt piiprh/tin n.infnvor ttvaltabtii
nurfnno rljfhtn »nny ho conrld<*r«_l nn-
oenonry for thn working of tho tnltin
at Ihn ml** of IIfUtft nn nrri.. m8
Kor lull Informntlnn appJlonM<,n
should bo ina.J_» to tho tti-cretnry of the
Dnpnrtmnnt of thn Intnrlor, Oltnwn. or
tt» nny A sent or 8uh*Af_ent of I)om|n.
Ion l<-n<l»i. i
W. W. Cory,
P.pniy Mlnlnt.r of tho Interior
natural product of the
class struggle. ; In"bther' words, we
have organized on the industrial field
to-defend • bur',- class, - as ' best we
can, against the"-attacks of organized
greed. . .,'■"■
Now,'then, if'if is necessary for us
to organize on-the industrial field,
why ^ is it not equally necessary, or
more so, for us to organize as workers
on the political field?'" If we organize'
against the capitalist4 om,the Industrial
field, can we consistently and lntolll-
gently join with him.and vote with
him on, the political flold?
I say no, a thousand-tlmos no!
we strike, so must wo voto.
This being true, It naturally follows
that wo must have a working class
political party, expressing, and carry-
ing Into, effect thb hopes and asplrn,
tions of labor.  ■    '
.This party, must bo a party of the
workors, having for its ultimate aim
the emancipation of tho workers from
tho thralldom of Industrial slavery. In
tho mnntlmo It must initiate and nd-
vocato legislation tending to tho bet-
torment of tho conditions of labor.
ThlB pnrty must bo bo organized that
tho wish of tho rank nnd fllo, nB ox-
pressed by referendum voto, will bo
Bupromo,
' Tho SocInllBt Pnrty Is the ono polltl-
cal party that complies with Uiobo re-
iiulromonts, and, ns n loyal trado un-
lonlst, It Ih tho only pnrty you cnn con-
Blstonlly nnd loyally support. If you
support olthor of tho twin capitalist
pnrtlos—Domoorat ■ or nopubltcan--
you aid your maslor to keep you jn
bondage nnd want, to destroy your
union hy Injunction or pnllcmnnn'a
(dub, to kill nil roniodlnl loRlnlntton
nnd drive you bnck farther and farther
Into tho mud nnd mire or IndtiHirlnl
slnvory.
Which shall If, ho. fellow unionUtn,
Unionism nnd Roclallsm, or Ujiloiilmii
ond Capitalism?
Are you going t„ h0 (l ioyni T;n|0||
mnn 301 days In tho yonr nnd then r.ill
by tho wayside on tho 3CCth day—olec-
(Ion dny—and voto a onpltall.il tIt-let7
-•hlnta it ovor, Don', wait ns othei
tfndo unionisti. have done, till you <,n-
wise In a strlko nnd got It .ininnifitM
Into your head by a policeman',, club
The New and
Up-to-date Hotel
'   Every person likes to be comfortable.*- "We have,the latest'
'design of steam heating appa-
ratus in every room.   ' Our menu ■
is the best.,   We guarantee satisfaction.     Two blocks from C.
•P. It. Depot.   Old and new faces
welcomed.   :   \ -     >   ,     "   '
' - *
■X New Michel. JB.__C._A:
W. J. Cole
BELLEVUE
Hair. Dres.sing
Pool       '\
Billiards
Cigars ;
Tobaccos
Bowling Alley
Drop In
P. Zorratti?- Prop.
Southern
H o TEL
BELLEVUE, Alberta
Every
convenience
and
_U_T_^-rvjT 4n /=v-.-v ^_f .=
«_ uvv3i jl uiuix     r^
Meals tliat taste like .
mother, used to cook' '
Instruments
Just received, a shipment of
EDI80N PHONOGRAPHS and
VICTOR   GRAMAPHONE8.
Hundreds  of latest  Records,
Violins,    Qultan,    Accordeom,
8heet Music, etc., etc
MACHINES   80LD   ON   EA8Y
PAYMENT   PLAN.   '
KENNEDY'S
1 i ■
DRUG AND BOOK STORE,
New Michel
"THE REXALL STORE."    .
Best in the Pass
William Evane, Proprietor
in 11
..*..,.nm.,HL to 4J4.U.
*    *    *
Your wIbp fiipllnllBt use/. thl„ very
political power, that yon no mngnanl-
moiiflly volo info hln hands, to club
you Into Ruhmlflslon and destroy your
f^V/*,rir t.99**L , _  I,
The Cash
Grocery
Hosmer B.C.
Pay Day Specials
ApploH, por box ..$2,15
Maccnronl per Un   .. .,$.,60
Spud'?, cwi $2,26
I-wnoiiH, por doz 30
OrnnBon, regular ,7r. for ,.    .oo
"    roKiilar M for 40
"    rcsulnr .10, for 30
llullt Ton, roRular .GO, now .28
TomatooH, n cans for ..,,$1,00
roan, UcniiM Coin,  mixed
f enim for  $t.cb
This Salo applies lor Cath only.
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
.Wholesale Dealers in
Wines
Liquors
Cigars
Mail Orders\recetve
prompt attention
The Hotel
DALLAS
E. F.   RAHAL
IJo m IniolllRent ns the capitalist.
Volo tho ticket  of  your  class—tho
straight SoclnllHt ticket.
Don't compromlso your unionism,
Put Iho Union label on yonr ballot
wva.ni"eu
WANTED by the HUlcrost Co-Opora-
tlvo Society, I_td„ capable manoRor for
genornl (.tore; also thorounhly qunliri-
cd Ilook-kccpor.     Apply, with refer-
One of the
Best
HHlcr-'fit    Mln*"
In tho shopo of a vhouh In tho circle at ^r't',"' "Ml1 8l,,"ry 0,wctod, to John 8,
tho top of the Socialist column.
A Union mnn politically—n Union
mnn Industrially—that should be the
policy of cvrry trade unionist
W.n~-fn»iiHiorl»ci1 imMlcailnn nf U.t«   "Vf™    *_»     T   ___/4_V___i*-     A _4
adrertliement will net ba raid tt>r.        * 17   3,   Lcug?Cl    Au.
Ilowlo, St'c.-Troas.,
Albtrla,
C. J. ECKST0RM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta,
Shiloh's Cure
cuiemv *»TO*»a eouoMt, t.u*t% t.otnn
"«w *** tMwat and imrat, as cims
A. VAN OIRBEWALQ
THOS. W. OORSAN
Memben of tbo Victoria Real
Estate Exchange
Write u« for information about
Home* and invcttmonu in victoria
P. O. Bojr 000
Cor, Fort ana Quadra SitreeU
p. 1.
' .
I,    -   ..'! I  J. ,<5-° . N
a!*a-a %
*An--"-.v.>v-y
1 ■_  >v. _    *      .s   .
'.ty-
7. ***
W
SHAW*PROTESTS AGA.NST>":
' A   .*iMPRISONMENf?Ok:?7 A
-7 - ' .- .; V-, \' 7-' - AV,' TpW; MANN
..>}',•■_"
TO Minerals Tested--
CW Lowest Value
?*. BERGO_^BROS?j'.
Strike .Service Vaxid j ^yor.fA_UuBtors,
NEW YORK: -14b'lSBERTY;"STRBBT,
'.'
>...*>•-
7,V"
. E. N. Zern, Assistant Professor of Coal
Mining  in the University of Pitts--
•'    burgh School   of   Mines, Compares
Prices- and Shows .that of Seventy
"Minerals We'Mine, Coal Ranks Low:
est in the Scale.   Read Before the
Mid-Winter -Meeting   of   the   Coal
Miningjnstitu.e of America, at Pitts-
-burgh December 20, 1911.
Of seventy minerals mined in the
United States, coal ranks lowest in the
.. scale of value.     In these days of protest against tho high cosl of living this
is an enviable distinction.     It has an
additional distinction in that this industry is one of the few that have* escaped investigation at the hands of
one of the 25 committees appointed at
the last session of Congress.     The inference to be drawn is'that there is
no'bituminous coal trust, hence no restraint of trade; ,and this inference is
supported by facts.        .     '
.     In the first place, nature must be
, recognized as one of the great, contributing factors to thq low value of
' coal. .   She has .bountifully provided
for' all' sections■ of the country.     In
some of these, as in the Fairraount re-
. gion   of   West -Virginia,- development
. can be carried on rapidly; low cost
'   of production is,,favored by topographic and. labor,conditions. *   In other
"sections of West Virginia, arid parts
'     of the Pittsburgh'  and   Connellsville
regions, where shafting is necessary
- and labor is unionized, there is, of
necessity, a large increase of cost over
the more favored regions; but, on the
whole, coal can be won cheaply—more
cheaply, than^ any other mineral which
represents true'mining conditions.   ,
- '"This is *the second great contribut-
' ing factor to the low value of coal.
.' '„' *    These,' two' causes of low value are
.-   not alone peculiar to coal. ,  Coal was
"'   merly one of many in nature's good
* „graces- other commodities were equally*1   favored.     -We are not .satisfied,
"     therefore,  that the main*, factor  has
been found.   ' In continuing the study.
.   of" coal we had no greater anomaly
-,- -than that its,commercial value is the
.'.   inverse ofits economic value.  ' In this
powder mills have been known 7to
blow up.*- In this "respect they resemt-
bie coal .mines; but when such catastrophes do occur the value ratio of
100-205 to Intakes better .care of them
than Jt doe's of the^ mine owner'.', Rails
involve mining, transportation of ore
in comparison with' from the mines to the steel mills, and.
l,i«.
i
"» .
1.
P
l.<
J &
K
h
b
• latter- respect^H-""sUnffiT^oW^fte"
highest.'   Of such tremendous importance is coal that it controls absolute-'
ly the industrial activities of'the Unit;
ed States.     Shut' down the 'bituminous mines of• Petm'.ylvania. "West "Virginia and Ohio aiid the annual production of the country would'decrease 60
*. per' cent". , • This would paralyze the
- manufacturing ' industries,   prostrate
"^'railroads and bring.di'saster to people
•dependent upon manufacturing, railroading and mining, and in less than a
month, to every city and village in
the country.     The supply being less
than the demand, the'price of coal(
would he' exorbitant until an equilibrium ^vas restored between tho two.
■  Aa long as this equilibrium was maintained, prices of coal would equal tho
prices obtained,today In England for
it.    Likewise in our own country, it
would approach in price those commodities whose cquilbrium lo maintained either artificially or naturally.
What Is said of coal cannot bo said
of automobiles, kodaks, phonographs,
billiard tables, etc., all of which may
bo classed as luxuries, and In contradistinction with coal, are necessary
only to the comforts ofa fow.   A misfortune   to   tho Industries producing
these articles would bo a misfortune
to a comparatively small numbor, not
to humanity at large.
The production ot coal, therefore, Is
of paramount Importnnco 1o tho welfare and comfort ot spcloty;  nnd n
corollary Is that the man or body of
mon who undertake   io, satisfy   this
need should have a greater return for
Ihe monoy Invested than Is Riven to
those who satisfy tho cravings for luxuries,    The dlfrcroneo in tho nature
of i mlno Investment nnd a a maun-
fnctminj. Investment ninUos this no-
r.Jf._.lry,    The forinor Ih temporary In
nnure: the latter permanent.     If .t
I'slno 1-iih 20 yoars of llro nmorli/nt.nu
of Invested capital must lake plun. ,lu
'that tlmo,     To accomplish thlH, and
Inc.iidn  intorest,   tho   yearly   return
from n mlno Invest ment must be In
nxcoBB of that return from a mnnufac-
titrlriK .nvi'Mmcn..   If the return from
tin. mlnliif. enterprise Ib not ...ontor,
nor oven as Kront, there must bo a
eloar-eut  renson.     If ronl  docs not
lirtnp. un (.real, a roturn to mpltnl ni.
Ih brought hy wood, Kritln, brio).*-., oils
or othor articles no more' noeessiv;' to
, r       . 1 "
\l   .4     I. .   - , ,» ,.U^f     . „,„IJ, L    ...l'l    *  v.. X   . .
1h:m rn'il 1brri ttwipI V* n "TlliVftaM
num.*. Let u« Roo whnt the fnrts nro.
The nverngn selling prlco for all
ronl shipped In*Wost Virginia for tho
fUnil yoar ondlnp. June 30, 1010, was
is fairly valued
other commodities, the writer has' taken into consideration a few of the ma
terials which enter as supplies into
mine operation;" has compared their
value at point of production .with the
value of coal on thenars' the ton in
all cases being taken as the unit o£
comparison.,'  Such a method is obviously open to. criticism.     In making comparisons It is not claimed to
have'taken into account minute details or to have   gone   into   niceties
which should enter into a more elaborate treatment of the subject;   but,
though this omission has.been made,
let it be understood that coal has not
'only the same charge accounts as a
manufacturing industry in its investment, raw material, labor and repairs,
but in addition, it has infinitely greater problems to face and risks to assume.    In tho last analysis, the value
of a product is Iargelya matter of output.      Gold  would  be  less  valuable
than iron if nature had as lavishly bestowed it and .if production ' was as
large.    The' purpose of this paper will
be fulfilled if it succeeds in showing
that there exists'a wide arid, in an
economic sense, unjustifiable   differ-
ence between'•the value of coal and
that of other commodities.     The selected materals have been grouped as
follows:       -
Group A.—A nine s'pecfyng 8 foot
props and 16 square inches at the small
end uses iri each prop an average of
35 pounds ofwood. -At 12 cents each
a ton of props has a value of $6.85. -At
prevailing prices of hay', corn and oats?
the farmer receves $20;. $26.79 and*
$28.13 per ton respectively.- The four
items involve no mining; only-a slight
amount gf manufacture or preparation,-
and the" raw material, in .this case
synonymous.with the-finished product
is easily obtained. •  ' ,\ ,    7'   ,
-Group B.,—_Sawed oak,Vsuch(^asys
used for timbering.'shafts/' haulage
ways, and. tipple* construction, at $30
per thousand board feet* represents $12
per tori.?7-The paper.used,in making
dummies .fori, tamping holesk at four
cents "per'pound, totals $80 per ton.
"TEe"mlne7musl produce~"37l*3~tons~of
the sumo nverngo price as wns rocelvod during tho yoar 1000 It Ih fair to
assume that fiB cents gross Is now the
prevailing price of"conl In that stato.
Ohio ronl during tho snmo period aver-
ntrod OS conts. nnd Pennsylvania coal
about 0.1 cents. Whllo, therefore, the
nvornen nrlro of mlno-run coal todny
In the Mates of Pennsylvania, Ohio,
and Wost Virginia'Is less than one
doIJor I** ion, It will be assumed, tor
the purpose (tt this paper, that one
dollar is Ibe correct price, or cost
value on rare.
In order «o determine whether coal
coal'to equal a corresponding amount
of "ice; used in the office cooler. Three
items like those in Group A, involve
no mining, but more-expense' in manufacture or preparation, the raw iriater-
ial 'being easily obtained. {
Group C—Safety powders',' at 10%
cents per pound will value .$205 per
ton while blacjc powder at 5 cents has
the,more modest total of $100 per ton.
Steel rails continue at the old price
of $28 per ton. Brick at $6 per thousand, and averaging 4% pounds each,
means an expenditure of $2.82 for each
ton used in stoppings, overcasts,' etc,
Cement, 376 pounds to the barrel; at*
80 cents per'barrel, brings to tho cement industry $4.25 per ton, In those
four items tho processes of mining and
manufacture are, combined In varying
proportions, moro capital Is required,
aiid the risk Is greater; ■   -
Group D—Ijlmo for tho past yoar averaged to tho burners $3.20 por ton.
Motor sand varies from 75,cents por
ton for engine-sand to $1.05 per ton for
a good grade ot whlto sand.    Crushed alone, such as' is used in making
concrete,, yields   the   quarryman 60
conts per'ton, and is rising yearly in
valuo.    Roofing slate at tho avorago
prlco of $3.75 por square brings to the
slate Industry $11.51 por ton.    Cylinder oil at 30 cents per gallon, nnd en-
glno oil at 10 cents per gallon, represents $70,30 and $41,40 por ton respectively.    Nnpthn, or gnsollnq, at 12
cents.por gallon, total $31 and 25,10
por ton, whllo pit car oil, which corresponds to coal slack, now selling at
35 cents   to   50   cents—or anything
that's offorod—has nu exnltod Inipor-
tanee nt $10.1 per ton.    The items In
this group aro analogous to coal mostly ln tho fact that ihey nro won hy
milling.    Thoy require some preparation before being placed on tho market; but the capital required Is not
so great ns Hint, Involved In Group C,
Kvon nature obliges nn expenditure
for tho use of,hor nlr.    A mine using
120,000 ruble feet of nlr per'minute
pays bIx conts for onoh ton of all* delivered In'o the' mine.     Such a re-
froshlngly low rato Is an oiihIb In tho
desert; but tho secret of It is that the
nlr Is only loaned for tho purpose ot
ventllnt'on nn condition thnt It Is to bo
returned ns promptly ns posslblo,
Tho Items In nil the groups greatly
11.    . , t,,      il     I      f 1    TTf ...c.-r,v
It Is not ebnri'"il thnt tbo timber, ntr".
cultural, powder, nt*>i»i, content nnd
other Industries, conscious of tholr
greater vitality, nro holding up tho be-
drawled conl Industry; but If tholr
,.„lnn« »ii*f, lui")    'mil ii'Viri imntirnt tin
shall say tlmy nro not—what about
the value ot coal? If props and oak,
tho manufacture of which Is carried
on In Cod's froo and fresh air with
no excessive iltO. of capital Involved
have a value 7 to 12 timet that of coal,
the qucHiioji namrally arises—Why T
Tho farmer wont* the Imputation
that !il» tonnngo prices ore execMiiro.
lie must asMimo risks of drought, otc,
but his barik /icfeunl tho** that -5
to 1 Is a ef.n-rorlnl.lo ratio nf values.
Tho Horn* under Group C show a
varied roiiili. Tho manufacture, of
powdor involves   swat   rl»W.    Homo
a .considerable amount of treatment
and manufacture.  - It is said that" the
rails from the Pittsburgh mills have
sold in Europe at bargain prices; but
the value ratio in this country remains
at 28 to 1.    The brick and cement industries are putting out a comparatively cheap product.   ' Cement   has   decreased 20 per cent.in value in ten
.years • the symptomsuin its disease are
very similar to those of coal's disease.
Ice at 3 1-3 times the value of coal at
onco raises a query why the article
that keeps the butter,hard is of more
value than the artlclo that cooks the
meal. >( . 4>
Passing, on to the next group, we
are astonished  at the  cheapness  of
stone arid sand.   ' While less in value
than coal, the simplicity of- their extraction as .compared with coal only^,
aids in showing "the. discrepancy   in
values."'  Our vision of cheapness is at'
once   dispelled   when   contemplating
oils?'    Cylinder oif is major at" $79.36,
and pitcar oil minor at $19.16. . From
a bore-hole, almost.infinitely small in
size, and expense of sinking when compared with, two or three shafts, is extracted mineral so similar to coal that
they are ascribed the same origin by
many geologists; but this value is 14
a to 79 times that of'coal.   To be sure,
a? prospect may turn out to be a duster; the crude oil must have preparation,   and   there' are   transportation
charges; but all this, and much more,
can be said of coal, and if the,value
of oil' is just, what of .the values of
coal . v '  ,',,
- How -then does coal seek its level
at $1.00 per ton? ' Mainly by virtue of
the fact that the coal industry, has
developed more rapidly than*the industries upon which it is dependent..
Growth came'easily, because nature
placed no great obstacle in the way.
New "fields haye been placed-in Competition" with older fields, arid prices
are forced to the level of the centres
of cheapest production. ' ? Too . much
competition is an excellent thing, says,
SheVman an ti-trust law; but the, fact
remains that over-production   is7the
t1_l„,.3 1 . J.*.~i. .... I «.{!-... 4. inn._£n A^-nM.
uili_.-auu~giean;!>i_i;uui.iluui,iii5-i.aCi.ui
tothe low value of coal. ■    ■ v."
' Over" production is not common to
ail commodities.     The farmer* does
not produce 1,000 to 2,000 ' ton's    of
grain per day; neither does the power plant or the paper mill have daily
outputs in four figures.     This is; reflected in,the value of'their products.
Lumber mills and slate quarries-have
a higher'daily rale of production, and
their products average less than half
In value those of the-farmer.   'Brick,
cement, .lime, stone, sand-and ice are
cheap to, produce, because daily, tonnage is large per man employed; the
value per ton is, therefore, small. Oils
are plentiful;-the supply is in excess
of the demand.    Tho dally production
at some wells In Louisana for example,
is. remarkably large; In the, older districts it is very small; but there has
never been a dearth of oil, and a good
producer today Is as •' desirable as a
gold mine.   ' Why tho price" of od has
not yielded to the same fluctuations as
coal is not pertinent to our purposes;
full dotallB can bo'found In the t.nlted
State- Supremo Court decisions.
The futuro will provide a more equitable prlco for coal.    Whother It will
come by continuing hopeful that Bomo-
thnlg or other will arise lo restrain'
production,and prices will automatically seek a higher level, or whether by
instrumentalities within tho palo of
tho Shorman law, Is not for tho layman  to   say.   If  somo   contingency
should arise which would forco operators to cease mining simply for pastime ecftBo making "record" outputs
Irrespective of profits, and coaBo mining merely becauue conl Is easily won,
It would be a benefit not only to our
generation hut to generations to com<_.
If lho signs of tho tlinos are correct
the piper's hill Is rapidly coming duo,
and some ono will have to pny him. A
solution to tiie problem Is Inevitable,
even If lt comes through oporatlon ef
the remorseless law of tho "survival of
the fittest."
Much can bo learned from other Industries. Tho farmer hns soon his
produce lneronso yearly In value. Ilo
enjoys a situation whero thero Is neither wilful waste nor woeful wnnt of
his grtlnH, Hxperlence has taught
him that It profited, n man more to
ralBe 100 or 1,000 tons per yonr nt a
goo'd price than to'lrnlso tho samo
r,*\»in*Hts- iJMl.,  nf  n   f,r.\Mff* rwlnr.   . mi*i1
to the rout of production,    foal *mit«t
attain n commercial value In propor
y George "[Bernard; Shaw, t .the- author
and "playwright/ -.was"-the i principal
speaker?;tonight' at' a meeting called to
protest;-.against the imprisonment*" of
Torn*Maim'arid,his fello'w"labor.'men
on. a" charge' of 'iricitingAhe'.soldiers
at Salfo'rd'- to"*mutiny", in\case~' they
were asted to protect strikebreakers.
Sh'aw.'eonvulsed the audience .with* his
witticisms'.- Premier Asquith, he said,
bad declared it' impossible torinclude
a definite,figure in the? ri-iriimu'm"wage
bill."; -'He said he*could "only declare,
in favor of the principle of'the. ralni-
mum'wage? The gravity ef'this, said*
Shaw, lay in its novelty. Parliament
had always named,the minimum wage
in the case of judges,, arid more' re*
cently iri the case of members of the
House. - It would presently be asked
to vote the King's minimum wage,
| otherwise the civil list.A "Asquith,"
said Shaw, 'would then be - compelled*
to namo the figure and merely deciare
in favor,, of the principle of the-civil
list. ' The King would, riot lraov
whether he. was' going to get five, million or a half million pounds. Suppose, then, the King .should strike? If
I appealed to th'ejsoldiers not to shoot
him, I would'be liable to penal servitude, for life. If I urged them to shoot
him, I could be beheaded for treason.
That is the sort of dilemma we meet
wheri. we begin 'playing' tricks with
laws <5f this kind." Dealing with Tom
Mann's appeal to the soldiers riot to
shoot .their workmen comrades, Shaw
said the latter'rather'.'deserved to te
shot: for'consenting to.-vyork in'a min'j
for five shillings' a ■ day, and allowing
bovs to do the same for two shilling:..
"Suppose," said Shaw, "that a soldier
ia, obeying an order to fire, unintentional]); shot his mother. He.' must
no.' indulge' in vain, -.sentimental rc.-^
grets,"* but say '.'Served the oil girl
i'l«.nt; God save the King-!"—Old Coun
tr/ Ex. ,". *      ,
Telephones: , Batj-,'4834-4835.*" Bayonne
*\.;.*-
"**•"*- '
V..*u
,*> ,<if.
CHICAGO:-  154, WEST- RANDOLPH
7   ,, V>STREETA<^y
Telephone:''. Franklin 101
The above' advertisement, should V
waken the labor movement to the fact',-,
that even a-strike-breaking agency has
a license to,.not,drily^furnlsE strikebreakers' but, likewise.-,the   military,
force to shoot "dowri, "strikers' should'
they" incur the-displeasure of the armt
ed thufes of ?a-.strike-breaking^.bureau.
Let us no longer paint-pictures of
Darket Russia arid-let us no longer
portray the' fiendish- brutality of', the?
Cossacks*beyohd the' sea,' for here in
America,'' under * the boasted" emblem
of the-Slars and-Stripes, the red-handed  butchers * of America*,   paid (and
ihairitained ,by licensed* aggregations
as professional 'murderers*,''can"?give
the Cossacks "Cards and spades.'7—
Miners' Magazine,   ,.*  "       ?■,"*...
I^F^FTSTOEyHO^tlFS'
„-.■.->■_■
.Stetem^del*'^
v S~yr>y^.^Naiie-^*i-e,a_uo'i_5au"u-ed wi^-Wri^eoBiMi^y^V-
■'Of:.'*...*. ' ,- _*-_' '    .      ' -_._.T.w_.SK-V__I_.S -JTO-r
LABOR CONDITIONS
coksTmjfioxii'iBi.o'oD'.msBASB,
A'Patient No. ieiW -J'Tfio^pota ara all
I. gone fijpm'my legs'and arms and I feel.
■ eood now>a?am*_V5ry grat.ru.. to you
and-shall, never". for!eet,-the 'favor* your
medicine's, have, done for ine: You-cap,*
use my name in'.-recommending -lt to
,any sufferer.". I.F.m' going Ho "set married soon." 'Thanking you;once;*more*,
-etc.".-'-'^ -'- ,    "-' "-*-7 .   -"'" '"   7" '■> .
.- .% *,:• -     '■ •*    ".,:    -,   .,
* -SATS TWO MOXTHS CUBED HOI.,
.'*.Patient No." ICTOS?' .Aso 23. "'Slnglo.;
Indulged'in immoral halts.4years.Do-
. posit* In 7, urine "and   drains   at   night.
Vnrlcose "Vein's on .both sides, pains In,
l.-bacb.  weak. sexually.—Ho" writes:— .1
received your letter of recent-dato and-
ln roply.I.amc-pleased' to say that'nftor
•taking two months' treatment*I would
, consider'myBelfv completely cured, as I
" havo  seen   no   signs   o£   them  coming,
back*(One year). .   .,',;     '.      ■   _*-    -
TUB TVORIJD SEEMS DITFCKEXT.
A LICENSED FIRM OF '. ■,.-*'
-A '   STRIKEBREAKERS
>The following advertisement' recently appeared in a number of the leading 'journals of the Eastern States:,
<7-; y?AT.TE N T I O N !.V'?'   „   "
"Gentlemen:      * -v    \"  ''
■ '|We;'-wisli'"to call your attention,to
the"p'resentvlabor situation in "the coal
mining' industry. :       y      -
"Should' a strike take place we arein
a'po'sition to furnish you with guards
or, special policemen for the. preservation of life or property. > ',- "-   "" • ■/*,
■■•,.. i  ■
. * "We, can further furnish, all classes
of non-union .help to. take, the place*.
o~f7menTon7stTil_e."
(West Canada Contractor) ■' '   *
■ , .   ii
"At the present time skilled labor for
building work1*is ,'reported ■ plentiful,
The 'demand' for brick-layers, 'plaster
ers, -carpenters and other .lines of -labor used by them has not yet* grown to
such proportions that all wants.in this
line cannot .be filled and .with a surp"-
lus"of men to'spare. *The number of
skilled laborers' pouring into the coun?-"
try from" the? east *and\from foreign'
countries'is*, very great, and "it is, believed that this feature will be ari'-im-
portant 'element'*in'p'roviding-for* the
'demand'-which is"bound to.be'consid-
ably "greater- later 'ori, in(Vthe season.,
Unskilled labor'is at present very plen-,
tifuly' The demand in this department
of the business'Will be very great'as
soon as railroad building on the prair-
ies^has been returned'on a'large,scale,
and there* is a possibility for* a.shortage  " *  ' 'I
The Plasterers' Union of Winnipeg
has notified the Builders', Exchange
that on July 1st they will demand a.
wage of 70 "cents per hour. Should
thexdemand be granted the. plasterers
will-be paid at the same=rateas the
bricklayers.. The carpenters of Winnipeg are also making a demand for
an'increase, the rate asked, being 60
cents per'hour.•■ ,* . -t.
I-VABICOSE-,VEKS_ <|IJBJ3p_-
"Ca<o*yo. _G688..  Symptoms'tf lien'ho-*!
'Btarfed* treatment:—Ago tl}\single,-.Jn- I
■ d .freed in Immoral' h:(btts _ .v,cra\ years. -1
•Varicose":Veins.on" both Mt^implM.
. on" he  face,  etc.    Aft of two - months' I
treatment he' writcs-as follows:-".Your>
welcome lctt-rUtf-hand-and, am very."
, glad to say that.I thlnk'myself-cured.
Mv Varicose Veins' havo completely, dis- I
nsneared for quite a while and it seems .J
a cure   -.1  work harder and feel .-loss F
tired-   I, have-nb'dosiro for that, habit '
whatever arid IM. stay llko' this, -which
I have' every, reason-to believe, I -All.
.Thanking you for your Wad attention.".
etc.     ,'        \       ""*>'   ,,'   .:    ". .r i-'
; GAINED 11 F<H!_<DS liONE MONTH.
"    ration. No. 13S2S.  This patient' (a'trcd"
ES) had a chronic-cas. ot Nervous De-
illty and Sexual W'ealtncas and was run
down.in vigor and vitality.- After-one-
month's  treatment  licMoporto  as'•follows:—"I am'feeling* very well.   I Jiave
gained 1. pounds ln ono month, so that
I will have to.consratulnto you."- -Later
report:—"I am beginnliu! to feel more
like. a. man,    I  feel  w condition  is
*- getting better every we*"   His last report:—"Donr Doctors—As I-fecl-thls is.
the last month's treatment that I, will-I
have to get,* I thouglil ut  one Vlme I* ■
would.never be  cured1....'- puUcon-
Jldenco in you from „tli. start and, you
have cured me." ,   ,;'',.;«   .,.',"
' Patient* No.*lH023.,7 "I Itave not had
a regular Emission I don't know when,
, and am feellne fine.', Tho world.seems
altogether different to mo-and I thank
Qod-for directing me to;you. Vou.havo
• been an honest doctor with ino,"
-• <■, '.     ,,     *,     ;    *\., ■-••■•.       x.i.-
;'    CURES CUARANTEEDOR NO, PAY   ;*-     ,    , ,,
..       .i,   x-7     j'   ..A'VARiroSE VEINS^ NERVOUS DEBIUTY, ,BLOOD AND"
| v^lRrcomiXmsyS™ andsbi_adder diseases ^.^Db...
"""CONSULTATION FREE.'  BOOKS FREE.  If uriablo to call write, for a Quc.Uoa
Blank for Homo Treatment.       .w** ' ,._       ,V<    .,   -,    ''',,'■,'   ,*.,    ' -,    '       -A'*'
—li   I.ir'll'T'llf-ir*' Allletters from Canadai muot,l» addtciied to our Can-
Dks ICBlMiBT&KENHEPY
Cor. Michigan Ave, and Grisvyold.St;, Detroit. Mich.
SOCIALIST  EDITOR  GETS ,   J
EIGHT YEARS- FOR
,.,''■.'     *'     "INSULTING" ALFONSO
c^ .,'   '   ' ' *.'   - V
A latrge,assortment of
New
:;:n!
Come in and, hear them.
"Should you wish to be' relieved of
the, responsibility, we can take entire
charge of the situation, establish a re:
gular military system,* and feed ■ and
lodge all help. '"■'.'
VWe wish to call your attention to
tlie fact that we are positively the'
Largest Strike-Breaking
Bureau In the World '    -
"Among..the hundreds of strives
which we have successfully broken we
might mention the .following: • Pressed Steel,Car,strike at McKeos,Rocks,
Pittsburgh; Philadelphia Trolley Strikes; Lehigh? Valley H. R. Company; Delaware & IJudson Company; Central
R. R. of'New Jersey; New York, Ontario and,Western; Vermont Central
R. R,; Baltimore and , Ohio RAIL;
Baldwin Locomotlvo Works and the
Erie R, R.,   •
"Our offices can* be reached, night and
day.hy telephone and should,you desire any further information wo would
bo glad to, send representative.
" NEW, YORK, N. Y—A cable despatch from'Madrid says: Juan' Mella,
editor of tho Socialist magazine/ "Vide
_Gr»Mnllof.O-*Z_^lina     >1P£,T1 _CQTl(lpmTlPf1 tO-
pay a fine of $400'and to serve eight,
years in prison'for publishing;a* cartoon which, it is ,asserted,, reflects on
the' personal character of King Alfonso.     The Socialists'.are1 agitate'd and
have started a.popular outcry against
this military justice.     Even manynof
those' who • say" that", Melia is guilty
consider the penalty too' severe.
, The cartoon injquestlon' was sent to
the magazine by Pablo Igleslas, a Socialist deputy, who received it from an
unknown artist' "The central figure
ls an extremely thin huntsman with
excessively thin legs. ■' Igleslas, cannot be prosecuted because;of his official position', and, Mella was made  to
bear the brunt of the whole affair, and
lt Ib likely will' have a sequel,   ,
Mctean's I)rug & Bookstore! gg
;^DayTei:i42
'!26
Fepie Academy of
7-'-yand.:>I^^tiiig
Two  Classes Weekly.   Tuesdays and, Fridays*
 from 7_30to'9.30 in the evening
Private lessons anc| select classes,by arrangement.
Tel. 179 Evenings
48A .Days I
Tlio- Michigan State Federation ef
Labor has. added about 100 new affiliations the last year, and It* appears
now as if this federation will soon ho
the foremost in lino of State Federations, both In nurnbors.and activity.
Preventing Gas and
Dust Explosions
Dr. (Holmei 8ays Good Ventilation and
the Use of Exhaust Steam Will
insure Comparative 8nfoty
"Wo aro not making satisfactory
progross In reducing (ho loss of llfo
In our mlnoB." said Dr. Joseph A. Holmes, director of'tho U. S. Bureau of
Mini's, In the courno of a ropont pnpor.
"Anil wo will novor mako this pro-
ri'ohh until we got nwny from tlioory
and got down to" actual practice, nnd
develop that lioiirty, dolormlnoil co-
oporutloii hotwoon tho mlno owner
nnd tlio mlno workor, which lu nbso-
lutely csHOtitlnl to success.
"It would ho unfortunate, nnd unpar-
donnblo If from tlio many Amorlcnn
mlno dlsnHtora of tho pnBt few yonrs
wo have not lenrnort nomo Iobhous
Unit mny help to prevent' or mlnlmlzo
futuro diHiiBtciB, or reduce tho loos of
llfo resulting from them.
In tho prevention, of gas cxploalons
Special Sale of Flatware
BonJhandlod. Tea ov Dinner^Knives;-at 11.25, penr halt -ob.
1835 Wallace Bros. Tea or Dinner knives, $2.00 per halt doz.
,% Doz. only Dinner Knives, best plate, 11,75
JA Doz. only Toronto Silver Plato Tea Knives, $2.25, ■
1847 Rogex-B' Bros. Dinner Knives, ,$2.00 per half doz,,
Rogers' Bost, Plated Table Spoons at 45c, each.    , ■   -
Wm. Rogers and Son Table Spoons $1.75 per halt to.
1847 Rogers'' Bros. Table Spoons, $2.75 per half doz,
" 1847 Rogers' Bros. Dessert SpoonB $2.50 per half do.,
Tea* and Dinner Forks, bost plato, 11.76 per holt dm,
Wm. Rogers' and Son Dlnnor Forks,'$1.50, per half dn,
Wm. RogorB' and Son Al Tea Forks, $1.75 por half do_.
A. C.  LIPHARDT,   JEWELER
vi
or onco a weok only -gives us safer
conditions for a fow hours Immediately, following tho Bprlnkllng. Indeed,
sprinkling occnslonnlly Is often a useless nml ovon a dnngorous practlco,afl
It does llttlo or no uood iihIohs dono
thoroughly and froquonlly and It often
tends to mnko ub Iobb ciuoful ln deal-
Ing with this half dry or dry coal dust
In botweon tlio perlodB of sprinkling
and lt novor roaches the othqr unusod
portions of the mlnos,
"Wotting coal dust through tho Introduction of fitoum nlong with thb nlr
current Ib by nil moans tho most effective nnd chonpoBt wny of moisten-
Ing tho conl dust during tlio cold won-
llior. Tills Btoam warms tho Inflow-
liiK '"li" u"d Biiturntes lt with moisture,
which moisture Is In turn deposited
on nnd wots the conl dust In nil parts
of thc mine whoro this nlr i.onetrntos.
Tllis. mothod continues through tho.
winter   sonnon, tlio nnturnl 'sweating'
in thn mlnM. «ho lesson which nil past |l»rocoB« which keeps tho diint wot nnd
oxporlenco teachoB us being of first ""U-- to pi.vwa u.mt v_iuu_.u..i. _«,-
mi Uitf W out U\tifV 13-*-' nujui.ivr uvuxm.
'Ab far ns ponclblo tho conl dust
Bicycles *
&  Motor Cycles
' lHyouarothinlihigoCgotUng'oBl-yoleorllotorOyolo   ,
See John Minton, Fernie Bicyle Store
IIo 1ms high-grade Cycles to suit any intomllng purchnHor.
Tho 0. 0. M. Motor Cycle, nothing better; rdiir hIow a» you
liko ami an fnst as you dnro,    Solo agent Tor following wheels.
CLEVELAND BRANTPORD' ;
PERFECT MASSY SILVER RIBBON,
B.S.A. DOMINION CYCLES,
and any othor mako.of machine supplied to onlur.    Beware o$
Ohoap Cyclcs-rthoy aro Dear,
Cycles on Hire.    Accessories.   Itopnira. ncully oxeculcd.
i Importnnco l_ to sweep Uiw |_a
••„_ « "" •—« "*»    ** '«IZSTSSZH __PS *«« b. M « or.... -nlno.   And
or quick flame oxplOBlvok each con
ns tho coal operator is obliged to wit
ness, throughout tho "patch," tho dls<
Mini.inn nf }wny t.r1-«.mir to tl^ l.rmv. trllmt* to safety. ' Tho keoplng of cl*
or $70.00 pre ion. whllo his productJwirkHy out of Hbwii nrtn«* >■ *
yields only fi.00 per ton, although it!further wlio precnutlon. Thero nn
l_ cmmble ef brlnglnt. Incomparably * n'«m*>«r °r olher ™ln V™,»   S
Rreutcr aooil and happiness (o nodoty,
of providing employment to a vastly
laruor army of men, and Involvlnt.
moro ca.iHal and risks Ihnn is common to br^wlnft—so Ionic as tho oiwra-
thut aro Important, but nil will agroe
that tho first essential l» adeauato
ventilation,
"One ot the Important towns tnu-
jsht by certain recent mini. «ploslons
t«r w« this, h.» will wntlnuo to bf.» »i.i_t tb_ wai UmU. wbllo thorotichjy
U«ve that th* values of commoJItles j **«. *'»l not «*J»,od6» ,,ut 7*}^ !J
modfrn ventilation, and ♦specially <**»•
lui. cold weather, wet real dust often
'becomes dry and dangerous within a
ftr* Jn riotu* of a .borough revision.-
Fuol,
what ennnot bo removed should bo
WJpt' wot, either by liberal aprlnWInw
, .      ,    , ,     ,.,,,!.
mine, or keeping the conl dUBt roWerf
wl'h flno scill dust, riBhos or stono
dust.
"The Influonco of stono dust In preventing or chocking coal dust oxplo-
slons Is Mntx carefully considered in
Franco nnd other Europenn cowntrlOH,
In mnnv m\non tb*» slouo dust 1» con-
■ldored more effectlvo Iban water.
In thin country stono dust has not
passed beyond tho experimental stage,
but tt is worthy of serious consider*
tl
5,906,00*)
nn r\fin n>..
*- w
Imperial Bank oi
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
Capital Subscribed ..      6,000,000     Capltsl^ Paid, Up
H_l_fv_ r,ur»Q          v»,ii(.,aC_       T,U! .*.**ii_ ....
O. R. WILKIB, President        HOM, ROBT JAPPRAy, VlefrPr*,,
DIIANCHEa  IN  DRITI8H COLUMBIA ,
Arrowhssd, Cranbrook. Fsrnls, Golden. Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, tit\%c^
Revelitem, Vancouver'and Vletorli, >   ..
SAVINOil DEPARTMENT,   ,
ilhtereit allowed on deposits at current rste from ..to ©I deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH QBO. I. D. BELL. Mana»r I
(A reply lo <*flr«aln »Utemcn__. mMf ,"""_„,, ,hkl   tbenfOT*, the tlon and a thorough trial."—Tha Coal
In this artlclo will be given in our uou i
v Imuc.)
tjfllaUtuK oC coal duat on^ ■**• mm»Hi|Tr«rti| Journal.
The Ledger for Job Printin
*.-.  i
f\ , -If
^■v5*:"
*.-?.'.'
ri*A
.3A
v. ve
.TOE DISTRICT- LEDGER; FERNIE, Bf C., APRIL 27, 1912.
^-DIRECT FKMFACTDSYTOHITi'H^^
 miMum
Save over $25
WHIJM'SnYiNfiTOlJE
,ra
FALL.
4122
•-. TO    •■
f5\iff|_.VE PASfTiiEFREICHi
succeed in this we need, all the help
obtainable, and it "is;-up'to eacli "one
who understands the class struggle to
get into the movement "and rake their
little part in the greatest struggle the
World has ever, known".- Reader, this
is your, fight as well as our fight, ?and
you must actv complimentary to ->the
evolutionary forces; to bring about'the
downfall of the system that ruins your
manhood and makes'^you the chattel
of the master class.*- 'A '
„'    ?. '" * S. K. READ.
■ PAGE FIVE
,   You Can Buy "DOMINION PRIDE" RANGE At Factory Price
.,A-A--7 A   Direct From.TheLargest Malleable Range Works In Canada       .A    ?
IP you ,want to save 'itom $25 to $30, arid at the same time get the most "satisfactory kitchen ranee made.' mite
• for our Catalogue and look into the merits of tbe "DOMINION PRIDE,:' at from $41 to *4Q ' '    ""
-". -If we sold vou lHpntioallTr tlift c!hti» Mtio-n-.-n."-- ; *■   '"-■- «- ■ "'■-
' from
wwwacv
The Evolution
',.he Cook Stove
v •T'EM.S ■ about
.'I, cooking from
-'.**   the time thc
;Cave'Dvrellers
droppedhotstones
:-into the pot to boll
it. It also tells all
about " Dominion
Pride" Ranges.
Whether you need
a Range just now
' or sot you will
enjoy reading tliis
.. book.-   .''
Write lor Free Copy,
value,
' *   . Besides costing much less than  other  ranees in   it«  class    the
■'DQMINION PRIM.", is much more satisfactory.-  It i? made of tou.h' ■
ijj     , »tr_n_-, raa,!_al.-!o iron and the bc.t blue polished steel—materials which will
a,      not warp, crack or break. -.-    '
m~.! T1\e„*?.0i"-S.1":d ,sicel.?°,es "°.t need blackluB-iimply rub it over with a
cloth;   With its cold rolled steel plate oven-sectional iron fire-box lining.
«T-,AV»?vT^^'u',?^.andl,double-wn,lcd flu« !'«<>■ with  asbestos-the
OOMIMON PRIDR" is the most economical range you can buy.  Actual-
tests have proved that i_ee.v__ over 30?. of fuel, burning either wood"
■or coal,  ,     , .,.,,.    i —
.,   - -:-   ■* '    -'.."     .   ,'    •
AVE PAY THE FREIGHT
A "DOMINION PklDB»"RanBe. with high closet shelf and elevated '
■, the four Western Province? for .49-fc to be sent with order and balance to
be paid when the Range is delivered at your station. If not convenient to
P»y cash we will arrange to accept jour note. ,
VILL McBRIDE ENTER BY
,    THE  WAY  OF,?KOOTENAY?
Canada Malleable & Steel Range;Mfg. Co., Limited, Oshawa, Ont.
.'-■■' '   -When writing it will be a distinct favor to us if you will mention tbis paper. 7
Qfiyto be Used
In Labors'
V'
There are1 many individuals in tho
n   working'class' today.; who are aware*
that a change , is impending 'in-the"
.'    present form of society but'who. think
that -the reforms introduced  by* the
•..parliaments of the .world are leading'
up to. the' co-operative commonwealth
Vand that * this"' latter will come about
without the" capture of the political'
^machine by the conscious, action of tlie
.-> workers._;; in" the course of this article
it will be;my.endeavor, to show that it
_• .-is- only by-vconscious',- political"' action
*■ - that ,thoAvoi*kers-cani..hpneAto   free
. ; themselves .from wage^slavery.     *r -7
•■ .'In.early feudal times the,serf with
the aid of.hisyfamily produced -the;
'<- largest part of-*hl's" requirements..   At,
'."'a later..-period it will. l.AnnroAthn..
Ri, •»
- the work had ?becori_o more subdivided
and parent and- family: devoted 'themselves to-producing ' only., particular
sets of articles,- such as the carpenter
_."5i.ayns.chairs,/table*s,?boxes, etc., the
splifnor producing yarn and the.weav-
er' cloth ancl *• clothing .of. various de-
s'criptions.'v'. •'  ,, '   ',.,'„
As this "division of labor" necossl:
tated an excliange of products, there
had naturally como into general use
tho. means of'easily exchanging' articles. Prom tho earliest' times ' thoro
had been exchange by means of direct
barter, but this was a clumsy and'very
'Inefficient method, and tho growth of
population and greater specialization
of productive effort,had forcod soclely
to, adopt a particular produce as a
"mo'dlumof .exchange." .'Tho objects
used for this purpose havo varied con-
sldornbly from ,t!mo to tlmo,' the.best
known beliig coppor, sllvor and finally
gold, which latter is now practically
nn universal 'standard.
Ah,tho need of having this medium
of exchange Incroiisod, It' naturally
brought a tremendous powor to those
who woro ablo to accumulate it in
comparatively largo quantities. Its
owner waa,ablo to aoqulro possession
of any Improved productive tools, and
by tho uso of thorn to obtain still moro
oconomlo powor. '
In tho oarly days ot tho handicrafts
thd Individual ownod tho tools which
ho worked, but na', tho size of theso
tools Inoroasod nnd consequently the
amount of labor time, for producing
them, it became impossible for any buti
the rich to own them: For. instance;
the use of the steam engine made it
possible to transport at.least the same
quantity of articles from place £0 place
as a given, number of horses could before, but, whereas these horses were
formerly .owned by perhaps \an equal
number, of persons/ the -latter .could
not own "a steam engine individually,
as, they, would "not possess enough
money" with which-to' buy one. . But
even supposing they had" sufficient of
.the "medium of .exchange.', the"" state
of the "market would'not-.warrant-as
large'a number "of' steam engines-as
there were horse's pYevibusljAWlAoiA
-fiPQllrfSllt'lv CftTOn_Af J+l-»*v v.s.a^.1 - ' 1 J.
Have to: go out of business'.   -
By "applying the example" to othjer
modes.of production it will-readily,b'o"
seen that *the worker has gradually
been_'divorced .from the ownership of
the.tools he* uses/ "There is, however,'
another factor in this connection to1 .be
considered, namely that as* these
things'became predominant,.!, the field
of production they, displaced.those older Institutions which flourished, under
previous methods of obtaining a livelihood. * The more extended the division of labor, tho less able was 'tho
feudal syste'm to cope with tho problems-and the less was its power.. 'As
money became,/moro essential so tho
feudal lords became more dependent
upon its owners,until at last tholr
power was - completely undermined
find thoy had to make way for the
rising capitalists.
It will bo seen from this that tho
growth of'tho capitalists' powor was
duo much moro to economic develop-
ment .than to* tho control of tho political machine,
With tho working class today, tho
only clnss that can dopose tho capitalist, class, things nro completely differ-
ont, Instead of tho monetary power
playing Into our hands, tho vory reverse Is the caso, for, as a class, wo
nre constantly becoming poorer, lt
Is truo that tho„ persistent concentration of Industry ls constnntly orgnnlz-
Ing ub into a solid Industrial body Instead of being ns wo previously wero,
merely. Isolated units, but this applies
'only on 'the industrial field and the
only weapon-with-which we can fight
in" this sphere is that of tho strike.
This' weapon,- too, is very inefficient
and for" numerous reasons.' In the.
first place it is but' a commodity struggle, a fight for more hay and oats, an
attempt to, corner the commodity "labor-power' and, that in,a flooded market." 'Supposing,- however, "the attempt is successful, and the'price* of
labor-power-is raised, what have we
gained? The experiences of the past
few years, show that*tliis increase does
not keep pace with, the'cost of living,
.which means constant strikes to maintain our level.' But these* strikes cost
nf«l
j
I   The Cook
'! always feels
I confidetii of	
I pate and wholesome
dwlien Using
W\\\\\\mm\\\|*j
rPRIC
CREAM
Baking Powder
APure,Grape Creams/Tartar
Baking Powder
ftfcclc fron\Grape3
»«MJ»3»».
,., *W*J 1*1 it*.**- ■_*_.* *«tt*V.t f Vl .»•*_:_.> A*. *•» JK\
.m\\.m\mv\w*j
Ww\AWxV\WiVflfcVI\v
money, not only do. we loso according
to the number of days that we do not
work, but our savings, -in the shape of
union reserve funds,* are diminished.
• Another' factor is that every strike
produces a, reaction of some description: ,The owners look around foi*. improved machiucry-to replace laborers;'
the users of what the .strikers produce
seek substitutes, *and', worse still, the
purchasing'power of tho workers for.
tnat.'particular, period is diminished!.,
nnd many othcrttiings take place that
react to the injury of the workers.
Thore is also the fact that in raising
the price of 'labor power the workers
assist the bigger capitalistic 'concerns
in' crushing tholr smaller competitors
and do-hot,strengthen their own position ln industry; they still only have
tho loan of'a job. By this means tlie
capitalist class Is concentrated and,
bettor able to copo with recalcitrant
slaves. Whilst we aro generously aiding to rid them' of. their competitors,
thoy will permit us to withhold our
labor powor for a senson, but that object once accomplished, cnn thoy not
closo down the' mines, mills' and factories and sit, watt and EAT until we
nro starved into submission.
Wo must romombor, too, that tho
capitalist class always havo at tholr
disposal a reserve army of labor to be
called'upon whon occasion demands,'
nnd it "Is Impo'Bsiblo to organize a
hungry man.' Owing to the concontra-
lion of,tho world's mnrkots nnd conso-
Wont Impossibility of disposing of tho
over-Increasing surplus, this rnsorv©
nrmy of labor Is rapidly Increasing and
tho pressure of hungor will forco them
to take any job that Ih offered.
An Instnnco of tho ineffectiveness of
tne strlko unaided by political notion
Is afforded us by tho conl strlko in
KriRland.. Tlio miners thoro si ruck for
a minimum wago and their roproson.
tntlvea domnndod tho Insort'on of n
Boliotlulo of wages. But what could 42
labor mombors do against 03 Sonpltnl-
1st ronroBontntlvoB whom tho workers
had put. thoro.
It Ib' also woll to bear In mind tho
words of England's prime minister
wlifln Introducing this bill. I quote
from tho "London Times' of March
20th. "Parliament would bo Jiilslflod,
If rompolloii to do so, which heaven
forbid, In tnltlng oilier mensuros lo
defend th* Industries of tho peoplo
■ v. ■-...* * *»*..v.*** M»,u ami »au<jii, ; tu til
thr. Tlmon r(.o« on to rny i]_;_t j,w biii
down amid loud cheers. Wlint does
this, moan except that tho govornment
would bo prepared to protect thoso
who returned to work from molest*..
Mnn V'i' itm n»„tw..„
Tho powor of tho capitalist elan*
then lies In these two things, tho con.
trol of tho govornmont and the unom-
Ployed. It Ib Imposslblo for tm to got
the Jotter to forego tho chance of a
Job whon ono offer«, but wo cnn show
them that intelligent action on the
political f|«M wnronnblo t.i«m io oh-
tain a livelihood. Ji is only )iy .*-,-,
turlng Ihe political machine and guld.
log It along our own wad that w<_ can
frc*. oitnelvM.
TW» U tho task ttw-SorhtliU hav*
set th<nnselv«* to accompli*.) and th*v
reltum to be turned tacit   In order lo
CRANBROOK, B. C, April IB.—The
not altogether . unexpected appointment of Mr,'A.*S. Goodeve to a seat
on the Railway Commission.creates a
vacancy in the kootenay Division of
the Dominion House, Very few names
as prospective candidates have been
mentioned and- it is doubtful if the
Liberals will oppose a popular Conservative nominee.   ' ..
Some mention is made of the Premier, the Hon. Richard McBride, as having -at last been persuaded to enter
Dominion politics.
"Apart from the Premier's name, the
most talked-of name as Conservative
standard bearer, is that' of Judge'
Thompson. Provided the Judge could
see'his way clear to accept the nomination, there is no doubt that ho would
make a very popular candidate,*and
would not.be unacceptable to many
Liberals. '»
TWELVE TITANIC VICTIMS
\      REPRESENT ESTIMATED
AT $162,000,000
..NEW YORK, April 18.—Twelve.of
Ihe men missing from, the Titan'j r«_
presented, wealth estimated at $162,-,
O0Q.O0O., John Jacob As'tor, of course,
heads the list with an estimated fortune of 125,000,000. Then, in order,
come the following:    ,
Benjamin Guggenheim, fifth of the
Guggenheim smelter kings, $10,000,000.
Isidor Strauss, merchant and philanthropist, $5,000,000.°
George   DAwidener,   Philadelphia
traction promoter, ?5,000,000.
"Arthur  Ryerson,* 'Philadelphia, -' $5,-
000,000/
Charles -Jl.. Hays, president Grand
Trunk Railroad,' $3,000,000.   '        >    -
William C. Dulles, Philadelphia, $2,-
500,000.
- Harry Elkin- Widener, son of George
p., ?2,ooo,ooo,.' ■ *\ ' °        ,   -y
Q. Duane Williams, Philadelphia, $2,-
000,000. *"■, ■ y. >....
George" D? Wicj*;, Youngslowii,  $1,-
000,000.  ..-,..-
Henry. B. Harris, theater owner and
manager," $1,000,000. '  . .    ' '
Frederick - Sutton, Philadelphia,
?5CC,000.    '< '        "'''
Mrs. George D. .Widener,-who* was
save(_, carried with her three ropes cf
pearls, insured for $750,000. ' Part of
here insurance contract was that she
should wear "them through the voyage
and not intrust 'them to her baggage.
107 GOLD MINERS
,   . „ KILLED* BY TROOPS
LONDON, April 18--A dispatch from
St. Petersburg states that 107 working
mon employed in the.gold mines woro
killed and eighty wounded'by Russian
troops during a clash at Irkutsk at the
Lena Gold Mine Company's workings.
Details of tho fighting and -of tlie
cause of the trouble havo not yot been
ascertained.
' 'Find out what the boss wants;
then don't do it." lri tho .January
1900, issuo of tho \ni)'i..n Kodera
tlonlst wc publlshotl nn original circular sont out by Detective J. K, Turn-
er, president of tho Manufacturers' Information Bureau Company, In which
ho said;
"The most Important work facing
tho railway management at tho present time, In tho estimation of tho
writer, should bo directed to prevent
tho morglng of tho Brotherhood of
Hallway Carmen and the International
Association of Car Workers, for, In
tho division of powi<y of those two
organization!,, hns resulted comparative poaco; lionco It would soom doslr-
ablo to prevent, as far as posslblo,
this merger," ,/
This oxcorpt, from lho lottor of Do-
toctlvo Turnor Is commended to tho
consideration of union cannon nnd enr
workorB, and nil others Interested,—
Kx.
Tlio BUBKostlon'omniintlng from tho
Lnbor Dopnrtmont nt Ottawa Hint tho
Iniltistrlnl disputes act might bo ox-
tended to covor nil IndilstrloB, ounht
io receive closo ntentlon nt tlio lunds
of IradoH councils and local union*.
It Is a safe conc-lUBlon that no s'lggo..
tlon along thlB lino has como from tho
workors. Tlio net as It stnndn now
cnn ho Invoiced In oiiho ot rt labor dif.
flcully In any Industry, provided both
.......VA u» mo u.i.uo.«.T_ty are satisfi. j poor wiikoh pnld for his labor,
By-Mary E. Garbutt ;
, I;have been-a' member1 of the Woman's-' ChristianATemperance Union
for' twenty-five years. The line of
argument many , temperance workers
make today as the cause of poverty, I
used to make'iiiyself. They say that
if, the-* workingman would keep 'away
from the-'saloon and quit drinking, he
and his family would'have the necessities of life? if not its comforts. They
cite specific cases and then* draw*'their
own general conclusions from a few
isolated facts.
'"There's Mr. Smith's family/' says
a W. C. T. TJ. member, "in destitute
circumstances. Mr. Smith drunk the
grea'ter^part of tiie time] so tliat he
.cannot keep a job* when he gets one."
"And there's Mr, Brown, my next door
neighbor,' exclaims another white, rib-
boner, "his wife and-children objects
of charity because he spends his time
and money in the saloon."
,1 heard one of "our prominent S'.ate
temperance workers say but a shirt
time ago, speaking of the army of
children worl.ing in the cotton mills
"or the South, * that, if their fathers
would keep, sober and ■ go to work,
child labor would cease.
Now, what are, the real facts' in the
case? ■ Is intemperance the'' immediate
cause of poverty, or, on the other hand,
does-poverty largely^act a3 a*cause, jn
producing intemperance? And today
under the present industrial'system,
are not a large proportion of the workers poor,*' even though total abstainers? . s ' --.    tA     , ..
Two things, are absolutely essential
for ,a_-working man to have the neces-
sities'of life. , First, work to do, and-
second,' large enough wages to meet
the needs of himself and family. If
he is'employed only a part of the time
"and his wage's are low, poverty .must
as a,matter,.of fact follow whether he
drinks or not:
In the year 191)3, Carroll D, "Wright
gives the percentage of those unemployed during some portion di the year
as„49.S per .cent. (See 18th Annual
Labor Report,' page 42.) The census
of 1900 placed it in round numbers at
6,468,964, or,22.8 per cent of the total.
If ,we had the figures lor the year just
_ftll fl a A *ir/i_ wm, 1 A—fl.. rl—L 1 ~-\ . ■* j ' _
-«—-«>»)—.-■.=—ituuki—iimi—iHtjm—.urgfjiy-nn"
■excess of those-quoted above, owing
to the pPaiiipV which came like a clap
of thunder out of a clear sky, in the
midst of what we-were?told was "unprecedented prosperity."
Commissioner' Wright* enumerates
some of the'eauses of idleness as follows;
Establishments closed ..... .".56.96 p.c.
Sickness  '. '..A . v . 23.65 p.c.
Strikes  .'.'?":.'... ,\ , 2.67 p.c.
Accidents .77A".?  l.GG p.c.
Drunkenness' .■; 26 p.c.
Prom this report,, simply a fraction
of 1 per cent of.the Idleness among
workingmen "Is caused from intemper-
unco, comparatively a .small proportion arises from strikes, but the shutting down' of" mills', factories, mines
and othor industries, cousch over ono-
half of the Idleness,'whllo' the large
per conjt of sickness ns a cause Is largely , attributable to a disregard, to a
criminal extent, of tho employers of
labor to tho health of their employees.
Loss than 3 por cent of the appalling total of Idleness which exists in
this country can be charged- to the
working claBs.
Now lot us glance briefly nt tho
wngos paid and soo If thoy aro com-
raonsurato with tho needs of tho worker and his family,
Under the prosont system of capitalism lt Is to tho Interests ot tho employing class to havo a large army of
tho unemployed pitted against lho em-
ployed. This competition for a chnnco
to work minimizes wagos, by mnklng
labor a commodity In the market, Us
prlco govornbd by tho lnw of supply
nnd domnnd. At lenat one-fourth of
tho working class omployod got no
mbro thnn ten dollnrs por weok for
tholr labor. Perloda ot unemployment, which occur lo most of Ihem,
cut this nniount down In tho courso of
tho yonr, In tiie majority of cases 20
to G por cont of thoso wnges mum go
for rent, leaving from hIx to seven
dollnrs u wook for the living oxpoiiHCs
of n family of three or four or more.
Does It look as If thoBo poorly paid
workors, If thoy wero only thrifty nnd
frugal und loft drink nlono, would keep
tho wolf from tho door?
If tho saloons were nil clonod and
tlio pooplo ul] totul ubHtuinei'H, the pall
of poverty would still Imtig over tlm
homo of the working man, bcciuiso of
his enforced Idleness, sit Mm/»t. inn! tlir>
Such* Styles As These Prove
WmtBBBSXt     __l-5-__3____e_-_32___-l     ______£_<_    mwroaiM-wM^    ui.i-.i»iiWllr1m|w     '
, The-EitiReform Leadership'
• ,- *,
HPHEY are more than corred — tliey ['are
-*- ,. individual and distinctive.
7 , Fit-Reform is,the ooJy high grade tailoring
organization in Canada having designers and
tailors able to create such styles.
Each season, Fit-Reform's position grows
stronger as the Fit-Reform standard grows
higher.
We have just placed in the;Wardrobe some
new. patterns ia Spring: Suits, in both the styles
shown above. The fabrics are fine Worsteds,
Tweeds, Serges and Homespuns—the prices,
from $20. up. . 571
The Crow's Nest Trading Co,
'* /
The winning of tlie game depend), n w/iolc lot on the "tools"
tho plnycrs use. Onr Sporting Goods Department is amply
equipped with the very host of all kinds .of sporting goods for
out-door sports—for every game for old and young—for amn-
to,ur or professional.^ Il is very much to your iidvnntage lo
buy of us. Special prices lo clubs and organiznl ions.
i * '     * *
Bleasdell's Drug Store
DRUGS AND STATIONERY     " FERNIE, B.C.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
' SIR EDMUND WALKER, O.V.O., LLD., D.CL, PRESIDENT
ALEXANDER LAIRD, Qenchai Manager
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000       REST,.   $8,000,000
DRAFTS ON FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Every branch of Tb« Canadian Bank of Commerct U equipped to luue dmlU M
llio principal clttea lu the following countriM without delay ■
Arabia Coba
Arfrenttn. KrpuUI. Denmark
Australia *"
Aimtria-Huacary
llclcium
llratll
lluluaria
Cli'li
China
Norway
Paaina
jy_ia
Pen}
PUlipplM hlaaj.   Sweii.ii
STb.rU
SchkUi
South AMca
Snaia
Strait! Sett-taw-.
IlotUa.!
 . locUai
gm»  ,    . India
_>roe li-awU        Ir _U-_J
Mnl*n4 i^i,
VoraioM jtpaa
Jvaac* lira
Fr'chCMhUChlnailaha
__w1,i*r,_1. _. K*"£k«U
The amount of the.e draft, i. .tated in the m<may oi"KeounUr wh«"h£5w-
£11, -'!"',•f" M,h?»"« "»ybe.   Thl. tama that th. payee abro.dQ
rtceive the actual amount intended. AZU
Portugal
Xoumaala
KunU     .
Sarvia
Slim
Sw.t_e.lM_l
Turkey
Uaitad Stalai
I) r_r»t r
Weal InJtee, •__.
FERNIE  BRANCH
fi] iw :i\ull l.:..'j...,dit.*, uJ. .._, pfu»..*>.
Ions: nnd thl.. Ih a lion I n]\ tlio govcti.-
mont Interfnr^nc/. ronitlrlArotl ncr-o..
flnry—hy orgnnlzod liodlos of worUmcn
nt InHt.    Tlm rnllrond compnnloB and
' m*» '.jj.'v.. _.',y. b i.A.v. t.u M  Hul UIOIU
tho net or n sorloim ploeo of IorIh-
lutlon nnd iirnoro ll« iirovlalon* whon
ll snltH tholr policy lo do bo. Tho
urtHont mlnlntor of labor, howovor,
lias Ik»pu cxIilblliilK n\Kntt ot bolnn n
"llvo wlro." nnd If ho Id com.lrfer.niT
tr.vlnK out tho net In tlio mnnnor fujr-
Br<.lf'd, H will Jin up tr» Bomobody to
voire Tho ojilnlnrm of tho tm)on men
on tho mibjfci; I'orhflpa tho r.o«t
trftde* cotigrciiji "hnlietln" will <f«a|
with this matter, tf would bo a good
u-av lo hrln« tho (tueidot) forroftllr be-
for<> Jftbor hnftloa. tor foniild.»r!*. f|/.n „
riill OlKumaycr. In Hamilton Herald.
il in ii I in: i that ull cnroful iUikI<.iiih |
of Boriiil condltlonu today rocoKiilro;
that Intftrnperrtnce, no It taint*, anioni.,
tho iitior, Ih mora truly tho rcwiilt of j
Noverly that tho caiLo. Profen. or '
tliciiiini ir. I.ly sayB:     ,' '
"Wn should novor forget Iho tonip-:
.nllotiH to Intotnpornnro which Ilo In ■
tho chnrnctor of tho toll of mnny In-!
bortra. I>on« hours aro regarded by i
comp<!t«'i>t nuthorltlcti r_* n cnimo which j
prr->d!s-|io»r« fo thfl im. of Ir.ioxvcii.'A.'.
Tho strain of work by tho tldo of ra-!
pMly nioilng machluciy on lU »»,*,.
vouh 6>.it<iiii In anothor prodlsitonInK ■
eatue of Intempftrant't. which haa a»-
trwtfd wrloii. Attention." '
KrHn«« ... WllJard Raid:
"VmUrtht- tfarthlljtlit of VoowlcdKo '
fn th^r }y*r fayx ft fa folly fat uj, J
Ioniser io iBfioro th« mlttny power of I
poverty lo Induce evil ImhltH of every
kind. It wiih only our .Kiiarunr-o of
tlio condition of tlio Indnutrln! cIiihhoh
Hint innKiilflod it hIiikIo pro|»iRnndn
und mfnlinlteoil every other, ho tlmt the
tomiiernneo pooplo, In earlier dnya, he-
lleved   flint   tf rifnn   'mil  ii,,i,>w.,   ..., ,.r
ti'inpnrntp nil ntln>r mnterlnl food
would follow In tho trnln of thnt crent
KlUfO.
"Tho only wny to hnw a sober poo-
plo Ih to Htrlko nt llio root of tho ovll
which eniiM*» inehrlerv I'nvertv lmi"
hours of labor, the nervi'-Htrulii under
which mon toll, tlta anxiety frprnthti
lnnecurlty of lliolr JoIih, remove- nil
thoso; nnd In a Miort Hmo thd doninnd
for a Htlnmlant would cen«o nnd drunk
•vinieaa would bn inikiiowii."
I <M itpuu tho SV.jtii.tt.'). (.hnHiiini
Toraiioraueo Union nnd other temper-
tuut> otKctiiU<iiionM tu j.el down to tho
bed rock cninw of tho drink habit. It
Ss folly to work with effect*.; yea, It l«
rrlmlri.il, In tho IlRht of tho know-
ledgfl wo havo. MI«b Wlllard pclntcd
Ui.i wa}. Why otiould we not fn.
hia*,u U.UH.U lu CutU>*. ;■..._. Mm, out-
if-hcg with tho Socialist   movement.
L, A. 8. DACK,' Manager.
which piiipdmrn to ellml.it.to povorty.
nnd thereby the train of ovllt. tlmt ro-^
•sulf from It?
Mcllrlde -"piiMinrUy- In the cTom
N'cwt coal ritddH Iium reaulted in .!.«.
<<i.«i uiKwie uorklni. half time, nt
"wr.'ft u'lai ».oum pu/._k» in. Drii-.jinl
t't Jin- Uiwii. Tl.,. "in.tutu,.-' under
rori*orat_. o-vnera!.'-,, of'.a.t i„i,WH U
not hint, to  ..ilto |101llu ahoui.-U,JM».
Good Health
VIM AND VITALITV
Aro ni.8ii.ed If >ou w|ji v\ennm your
fltoinnci. of uridlnosted food and foul
">Sr*,<;   th" .«ViVil.l hilt f.Wl,  tu, ir,,.r
inn.'  the  wnato matter from  tliA In-
;<_./.I:iu» Ulul 1»HA»;U l»>   til,- llM- of
na PILLS
th.» pm-ut fruit, tsidi.ey, Uv<t. itomaih
and lioucl rt<med>.
At nil denier*. 2". _ind 20 cent., or
ThD fit mil Co.. At. ThcuiM. «nt.
-.«>ifi ut irv.it,i* i.» Mcl>enn'« linijr nnd
llook Store. -.       .r-i.\H^.
'fe.Cf-r.-p,,'-^
'■* ■
M
_%
h
J.
I
£2...
>*
I
-"A
Is-
•a*
-* •
I'-
I"
f
ft   -
ft-.-
ii ■"
I
3.
r
*.
PAGE SIX
THE DISTBIOTI LEDGER, ?7^|pB;VB.;0^4PBtt:2TM912-
\:;:- y; ■-' .eft*, li^irf ■ £&$& K''
Published eveiy Saturday morning at its of fie?,
. 'Pellat Avenue, Feniie,1 BAC Subscription $1.00
per-year, in advance. An excellent advertising
7, medium; Largest circulation in the District.? Advertising rates on application? Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds bf book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive Special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
.        '        '   H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48.        /   Post Office Box No?*380
MAY  DAY
THE first, day of-May has not always been associated in the minds bf thc people aspeculiar-
V set apart for the demonstration of. the workers;
This day is usually associated with the festivals
which* were "celebrated by the agricultural communities of bygone times. These celebrations "are
still in vogue in some of the older'countries, but to
those engaged in the industrial life peculiar to pre.
sent day society there is little,opport__nity afforded
to adhere to these old customs. It was not-until
after the' Labor, Congress in Berlin, in 1890, that
.-May, 1st• was set aside'for the * demonstrations of
Labor in European countries. This holiday stands
out distinctly from all other holidays in that it was
' a concession to the demands of organized labor.
■ Other holidays are more or less handed clown as
customs,, with thc exception of those- graciously ex:
tended to engender a spirit of patriotism or loyalty
to the powers that be.
This year, is the first occasion'on which this day
" lias,been'celebrated in this District, and, perhaps,
■ * tb those' who view the growing solidarity of the
workers" with intense .satisfaction the appropriateness of this holiday will not be lost sight of. The
origin" oT'this day as a holiday for the workers was
in those countries where capitalism first began its
inroads into the life of the people. The factory
system developed with no kindly thoughts for the
working class, and the bitter fights conducted by
the workers, who had been forced, to form themselves into trades' unions, marked, the growing
power of, those' Avho produce the wealth of the
' .world. In spite of the many set backs to organized labor the victories gained on the industrial field
have not been in vain.   . The securing of more lei;
, sure through the agency of the Eight Hour Day,
and such,holidays as we are to celebrate on the let
.May, have been of more benefit than may. appear on
the surface.     For the development of the human
' race it is essential that, men and women have a rea-
Q *'
sonable amount,of leisure,, and it will be found
that' it is through the productivity of' labor that
there, are those today who, have more leisure 'than
they know what to do with. However, the great
contradiction of the present system of- production
is that it is not those' who actually do ,the useful
work of society that benefit most by the opportunities that should be afforded by a reasonable amount
of leisure.. '       '     ,
It usually happens thnt when tlie workers do ,get
.any amount of leisure it is at great personal, cost,
seeing that our industrial affairs, as at present1 con-
'stitutod, placo the wago earners in the position thai;
when they quit work it is in order to look for more
work. Their sole obje«t in life is to work, and
tliere are those who cannot see why the laborers do
not discern tlieir dignified position, The groat
trouble in tho past hns been that thoy have been
only loo willing to accept this flattering position of
;making all 1hc machinery to snvo labor-power, nnd,
Mhon, when tliey have created this means of! ensuring themselves rnoro leisure, thoy havo sot to work
like veritable demons to compete with that which
they luivo produced. By their efforts the workers set in motion the machines which lindcrinino
their livelihood until tho machines taxed thoir
strength to such an extent that they had lo demand
fro.u those to whom,they bad turned thorn over,
the privilege of. resting up a liltlo. Tlio greatost
irony of the present system is the degrading influence of the machine upon such vast number's of the
work in or elnss—llio. very mnehinory Hint their skill
has created.
However, tbe working elnss nre making some use
of what littlo leisure thoy havo been able to secure
and they are learning to discoi'ii <-lo..rly whnt yet
remains for them to accomplish—-and they are uniting wherever capitalism prevails. This is lho menu-
ing of labor dny—tlio international coiimulcsliip of
tho working'elaRH.
Away with tho fear that parts us,;
Away with our threatening might;
Shout good speed lo us, calling
Men of all Piirlh. unite!
Tho world wc have mndo nwaits us,
With all of its goodly gains;
Wo havo nothing to break but bondage,
We havo nothing to loso but eVinitiK.
i i,
A FEW PACTS WANTED 3.35 HIE TITANIC '
DISASTER
Till'. Titnnie disaster is naturally Ilie ono topie
nf rmYivi,f'*u"itir..i  tin,it, A ,,■%„•   .. .,.1 ..;,.1.(1,. ,.,    f   „
there nre feat tin-., of it that demand the wost itonrch
ing investigation and complete explimntWn. Efforts will undoubtedly be mndo by those responsible
to cover up their culpability, nnd as thoy occupy
position*, of promlnoneo in cnpitnlmt ckchs. t1i.*v
will very likoly nuceotul iu getlng away with it. It
fa to be rrpentcil tii.it a atrwiumu »_ff..rt will ....
rnndo to place the blame on dead men, as is the
tinje-lir.mor.Ml .•l.-.t-oiii in.all 1 ._.•«•■ di*vasl.*rs in ■».■_,.<•..
human lives nre sacrifice... The rnginci>r or the
vJf.R-3h.-H!., if ..illc*!, is ..|j.n.<*d for -a vro*f... sn spi..'
nfc-'.._r->ri'V» that ... com;.nutty Lci_u«M ft*.-*..*-.. ...at
they were overworked by being kept,on duty for
exceptionally long hours, and could not possibly be
in a fit condition, physically or mentally to .perform
the important duties required of theni," which, often?
make sudden demands upon mental" and muscular
alertness. ',   = ,   , ,     '■ .*■-
In such eases experience has proved that those
who are responsible for these men being so overtaxed,'tlieir employers, escaped scot free, although
from every standpoint of reason and evidence they,
and they alone, were responsible: The fact that
many of those lost in the Titanic were' owners of
great wealth will tend to make , the inquiry, a
searching one; as far as that portion' of the passenger list is concerned, but tliere is an ominous lack
of references in the daily press as to the treatment
of the steerage passengers, their behavior, or their'
fate. One indisputable fact stands out in startling
..and significant prominence, and that is the dispro-
portonate number of first class passengers rescued
as compared with the third class.,-'   „-    ,    ap
Consider these. figures: The .total" number of
first ealss passengers on the vessel is given as 320.
Saved, 210. Second class, 195; saved, 125'. Third
class, 550; saved, 200. -;,**•
'That-means, in other words, that out of a combined total of first and second class (passengers of
515, 335 are saved, while, out of 550 third-class-only
200 are saved, in spite of the fact that"they outnumbered the other two classes by' 35.
The number of the latter lost' exceeds the num-
of first class passengers that shipped, and! this
seems to give the lie direct to the statement that no
distinction was made between* the' classes ih filling
the boats,, for if-that was , true the disproportion
could not have been so great. ' Some bf it may be
accounted for in tlie fact that the steerage passengers were berthed forward, and many niight have*
been drowned in their quarters, which would be the
first to receive tlie "shock, but. the reported nature
of the injury to the vessel'as not being the result of
a head-on collision, but a glancing blow, that ripped out her side, do.es,not seem to be sufficient explanation.      A *   y    •
Other evidence points to the conclusion that the
company officials are making'strenuous efforts to
conceal, some facts in connection.,'with what took
place. There is the- isolation of the, surviving
members of the .crew' on the steamer Lapland, the
frustrated intention' to.'ship, all,of them to-England;
and the statement pf Mrs. Smith that the rescued
passengers on the Carpathia were asked' to sign a
statement agreeing not to talk to reporters regarding the wreck. - .'■."'•''■,-
-, The almost complete'lack-of information afforded by the'reports as published on this phase of the
matter "is sufficient 'justification for demanding-
thatthe fullest particulars'be forthcoming;
^—rj.o-aec-uiiciu-i.iic-iiiu&u-aeiij.xiiiijg-iiiquu'ynniOTnese"
ominous features of the-affair is instituted should
be the • immediate business-of the Labor press on
both sides of the Atlantic.' . •
REFERENDUM AND RECALL DENOUNCED
U OW any sane man" can see. any objection in
** the principles'of "the' initiative, referendum
and recall is hard to conceive., ' Yet Premier Rob-
lin, 9f Manitoba,-at a recent banquet to thc lion.
Robert Rogers, held in Winnipeg,,in his largest and
most sweeping manner denounced these principles
as "barbarious, uncivilized," etc., etc. He wont
on to say that theso principles were being favored
in countries which were'/in midnight darkness, as
compared to tho midday sun of Canada." lie' .Je-
clarcd Hurt "whoever advocated them'.' sought to
undermino the British Constitution and British liberty."
Roblin is somewhat lalo in the day, nnd his followers will find it hard to explain away his latest
utterance. It may bo pointed out that tho princi-
pics so absurdly denounced by him are becoming
more and moro in voguo throughout tho civilized
world. ^ In fact, tho peoplo nro beginning to realize
that it is the great safeguard against extravagant
public opondituro'and graft, which is so rampant
todny in our public lifo. The referendum, which
in fact also comprises lho rocnll, is getting a strong
footing in Australia. Tn tho last general election
in Oreat.llritain, Mr. Balfour pledged his party to
tho policy of mibmitling to a referendum the quos-
lion of fiscal policy. A bill to provide for Uio in-
.rod.Hon of the referendum into tho British sys-
tern of government win. ntroducotl in lho llonsoof
Lords and was largely supported. In\ho United
Stales, ilinnks lo tho activity of thc Socialist party,
tho people are clamoring for it and at thc forthcoming presidential oloction this "question will play nn
all mportnnt, pnrt,
Whnt. in tho principle of lho referendum and recall It is that in all questions of groat importance
the direct voico of the pooplo shnll decide.'
^ Fnnoy Roblin, a loyal son of Britain, rofcri.ii*. to
England as a land "in midnight darkness," and
Balfour ns Kecking "to undermine the British Con-
slit nl ion and British liberty! Robin is becoming
an expert in tho art of talking Inrgid nonsense.
M1LLIQNSAF0R MILITIA
Verville 'fTejls  Minister - of   Finance
.   What" .the? Workers f hlnk. of {the*
7    AMilitia.Estlrr.ates
'»?-:
THE  CHINESE  FAMINE  RELIEF
\I*jr.J inivo boon  supplied  with circulars sent
vv   around to nroiiKO thn intercut,, of tho people
townniN relieving tlio distrosn of the victims of the
famine,    Tho monoy wiWrilipil will find itn way
inn. .>■»" lumi.N nl UnoHt' whu ciJiiin.j i..c neccs-sities
of lifo. who will thou be pleased tn furnish the vie-
lims with homo relief.    However, we should leave
out of eniisiderntion huHi sordid motives and only
bnrp on tho nontimont.    Ono of the appeal*  lays
emp.Hsts' nn the fjrtunatc com.,!...... .-,inlt-r vvbieh
we live in this civilm-d land.    *,w,. " of eouree
ivIVrn io the workers, for as M.-Urid.-vivs "In thi<. llT'?"01'" aii(l lw*lv« *1'40 >m ***>
. ii       i       .. "  '        '   s <-ontbMo.il. op<5ral.on, 'J days twr weok
<'<miilry wo nro all workers."    1 Wperity i< going!Ms dny. ift ,heT*r-
to lut us meantimo nil nppcnl» far relief m*t apply    ^n ^nrfh Mrnnrr-i. - Theio .ar*
t<> thoiM. who nro nlrwidy in tlmt position where kfipr R0,nR; n^ht»"'' *tir, nnd tho men
Ihe <ry .if _!.*freM from China will not W- heard il".*I""n* 1l<'m vor)l  ln   lv0 Mtlt'
j mon work twelve t»oar» each. 7 work
Alphorise .Verville, <•<Labor, member
ifor • Maisspiine'u've in ';the Bominioii
House-of 'Commons, took* tbec opportunity when objecting'to the big'in-
creases'.-whieh were proposed for mill-
tia.to deal "with some of'the conditions of; employment. existing-in"- industries which-the" tariff-,and bounty
system are "supposed .to' protect? ' The
Hansard'report is as follows: ...
-.-"_ Mr. AJphonse Verville,'1 Maissonneu-
ve, Mr. Speaker,! want to congratulate;, the. honorable Finance Minister
(Mr. White);on the'impartial.manner
in-osvhich he has'presented the budget
to the house. • It is the first .time in*1
the history of Canada, as-I understand
that-'we have had the "announcement-
of a surplus of 539,000,000. I observ-
ed that my. hon. friend" from*. South
York . ,(Mr. * Maclean) last "night ex-
pressed himself as being very anxious
to haye $10,000,000 expended on' the
defence of the empire. 5.. hope before
I get through my remarks to be able
to convince the Minister of Finance
that there-are many other places to
put that $39,000,000 instead of contributing it to "the defence ofthe Empire; I mean by lowering of taxation
as much as-possible. "We have heard
during this, present' session many arguments on protection pro and con,^
and'from many of the remarks made
I for one have come to the conclusion
that self-interest seems to have priority over- the interest of .the,masses of
the- community. . A -well-read man
might believe that we have gone back
to. ancient history, as some of the
arguments^ used during this ? debate
were put forward almost in the same
form as'far*.baclc'as the fifth,century.
/'•The protection of Ctrusts;-which is
the furnishing to'the few-the means
of getting rich, at "the expense of the
community at 'large, is nothing new
and will continue I suppose as long as
the masses which compose this nation
allow themselves.to be misled into the
belief that, their interests rest, on such
a policy..     •       . '
What is this treason of which we
hear so much. If any treason exist,,
it is the conspiracy of the trusts' to
compass the ruin" of the masses of the
people of Canada. It is'really treason
of that nature that we hear so much
about? I will-leave, the answer tb
those interested in combines. ' Where
political .parties enter into'a fight it'
should be.,on policy; it should be
with some higher aim "than simply to
obtain power, and which every "party
-fflllfiWQ T,lllC_r*ti1f»fT.lTm nnll=Lnnn,mAnJ.
— — ---'  -f "—vm«v — V*V#V^L» *»iwj— S, LLL \.VIiIUldllVi,
more respect in .the* future.
.Kings atid'emperors, in* past centuries had more """energy than our .much
prized popular-j^vernments have today, for as far back as the year 483
of this era," Emperor Zeno,, after contemplating" the effects of combinations
in restraint of trader and loyal competition, had a proclamation issued-to
the effect, that" any one'ound guilty
of preventing such loyal competition
on food stuffs* or,other necessaries of
life would be condemned to perpeMial
exile, whilst on^tho'' other hand any§
one guilty of the same offence' in respect, to articles of'luxury, was fined.
It is plain to see that even in the 5th
century there existed "conditions and
methods similar to,,those wo have at
present, and wq find It also demonstrable that this Roman Emperor 1430
years ago„made an enormous^distinction, by banishing tho criminals for
evor In the first, instance so ns to be
sure tlmt they would novor return to
oludo tiio.lnw.
I would Ilk cto mnko.or at leost attempt ,to make a Flight analysis of our
trusts In Cnnncla, and give, If possible
somo slight Idea of tho bunion that
the mnssbs have to bear. I would nlso
ilcslro to suggest some material remedy, of course I cannot expect Hint
my suggostlonflxwlll.]mmodlatoly ap-
pcnl to all tho members of this houso.
Out such as It Is, tho remedy I outllno
opponrs to mo tlio only ono avallablo,
and as to its ui'Roncy, I think that no
ono will expresB any doubt on tho
subject.
Tlio Dominion Iron and Stool Company, and tho Dominion Coal Com-
pany, who are now clamoring for boiin-
tlos, nro rather a poor paying concern no mergers go, Just fancy nly
•1.28 por cent on 1(135,000,000 of stock,
nftcr payment of nil Interest on bon-Is
and oxponnos. Thoy, of courso, aim.
nro Issuing now mode. Tlio bounties
llioy nro now oiulonvorlng to oblnln
would monn moro thnn $51.0,000 nn-
mmlly, and bring tholr porcontnuo of
not profits to about' 7 por cont. on
lliolr present (.lock. In tills connection I wish to stato tho real labor conditions that exist In' tlio Dominion
Iron ond steel Industry, ns glvon by
Prof, Med 111, who mado an Investigation of thorn a couplo of yoars ago.
In his roport lie nays:
"Tlio coko ovons—Thoso1 nre k*pt
going night and day, tlio men ottond*
i'id; tiivm uro mostly .oremnorH — m
come from Europe, 15 from the Unit-
«t K'ngdom, 61 from Xcwfoundlan^,
am! Ti nro CimnilUiu. Mont of tho
wo..i Ih such that Canadians do not,
apply ler it. "They aro divided into
•hlftn. -TnklnK tho total, 272 work ten
hourB nnd 03 work twelve hours per
rtHV
Tho coko oven* havo loan urea'ty
extended since thl» report. I am told
thnt SOO m*n arc-emptoyet In tWa'dc-
ptirtment, Oft per cont ot whom are
eleven hours; and 82 work "ten.hours?
Of the-total force about 36 per?, cent
are,Canadians,-29 per,cent are "Europeans, 19 -per^cent;*aj6;'Newfo'unaian'd-.
ers, 8.per cent are:'British."•"and the"
remainder aTe Americans brWest Indians." - ^ AAA-,' .'--.'A
.'in tthis department I,'aim'-"told 'the
force employed ia about,600?: Melter's,
about 20; rece"ive'7$4.5p". to.'^S.OOlper?
day, and' heipers $2.50, "third Helpers;
$1.80. generai laborers $1.40,'. the* latter class constituting the'majoritjv'.-
The blast furnaces-f-These alpp operate continuously,.and the men-.are
divided into two shifts.*- Taking the
totals, 226 work twelve hours. 13^work
eleven hours, and 64^work.ten hours;
> In this department1* blowers and
heaters get $3.50' per day,' second helpers. $2.50, third- helpers - $1.80,'7and
about 120 general laborers, $1.40. V. *
, The mills — There are about 430
rod mills. Of'these, over 350 work in
twelve-hour shifts, and the remainder
work-ten hours. „\ The day force is
larger than the' night*forco, *, About
fifty per cent of < tho men are Canadians, and about, twenty-four per cent
are from Newfoundland, so that the
percentage^, of, European labor * Is
Bmall. ; The mills are kept going continuously.     There is some time lost.
In this department the pay is about
the same as above. • There are a_'few
well'paid rollers and heaters, but the
majority receive" a bare existence, or
to.be concise, "14 cents per hour." A
new feature has ben introduced in
the shape of a'staff beginning, at nine
o'clock Sunday evening;' truly a remarkable , state of things in a ■ Christian country. , '    A '   ■"*/
I am informed that' tho general laborers in the yards are ordered out on
Sundays, on the one hand-necessity
is the whip and" failure" to turn out
meana the."8_.c_r_." ■. ".       ' , ■
• Tire other,employees not mentioned
are the innovation of Gen. Manager
Butler, t6 wit:' The spies and.1 blue-
coated gentlemen-.mctpr, the charge of
one Noble .by name, but* otherwise by
occupation.   .' * y ' -      -.
The employees' have' asked for an
investigation by the Labor -Department about two years ago, on. the
grounds that tlie fair wages resolution
applied to' the steel company, as receiving grants from public funds. They
claim that'the company were not paying, current wages in the case of bricklayers,-.carpenters and others as laborers. Mr. Dubreuil," fair wage officer
of the Labor Department, went to investigate; he sought an interview with
General Manager Butler, who" politely
told him-and"" the government "he'represented that they could goAto,.a
warmer place than the ovens of the
company, that they would hot stand
"for^anyTinter-fer€_ice^with*Jheir7"o"usi~
ness7,' y--      * * ■'   •* -,'    - --    -
*  The report continued:.'
.   Foreign Labor—A little-over 40 per
cent of the employees are Canadian's,
28 per cent are from the continent of
JEurope, 20 per cent, are, from New-
-,-*'-,   ' ,   .' ■   •     -  ,•-,-    -''"> -
(Continued on page 7) .   ■
Classified J.ds,"Ceiit a Word
FOR SALE—Baker's snop complete;
Four-roomed Cottage; clothes closot';
water; newly painted; near'5''school,
Chlpman Avenue, Annex. Cheap for
cash; Off ors, Frank Earp,' Hillcrest,
Alberta. -
WANTED—PIT BOSS with papers
at onco for new mine. Good wages to
right man. "Apply, with full particulars to' Mr. Eaton, P. O. Drawer 1675,
Calgary, Alta.
FOR SALE OR RENT—Tlireo-room-
od plastered House ln Wost Fornlo.
Apply, H. Wright, West Fernie.   (St-14
FOR SALE—Two • plastered three*-
roomod Houses," with outbuildings attached and water; a great snap with
very easy torma Apply. R, Wright,
West Fornio, - ,
FOR RENT—Houso, 4 rooms with
hall, meat kitchen, clotlioB closot, collar, water, sink, oloclrlc light, etc
Situated next block Central School,
Apply Wm. Barton.
FOR SALE—Throo enrn first-class
baled OAT HAY; prlco $9.00 f. o, b.
Coaldalo. This Is rich stuff wltb
more feeding vuluo for tho monoy than
nny othor liny. Will Bond Bnmplo.—
% W .Dlko, Coaldalo, Alln,
FOR SALE, H08MER PROPERTY,
Ilosmnr, B.C—Lots 11 nnd 12, mock
13, Cornor Main fit,, nnd Third Avenue,
00 by 100 foot; ono of llio bost cornors
ln tho city; must soil nt onco; tltlo
first class, wlint i._n,I offered!—P.
MoLachlnn, Box 32*1, Prince Rupert, P.
C
FOR SALTS—House 7 rooms, bath
and pantry, connected range; block
47, MeAvoy Street, Conlrnlly located.
All fenced and pnlntcd. $2500, terms.
i>4-«.<.}. ior ut->_). Awty, u, u, r_v*n,
Jiex 123.
FOR RENT—Store In Hie Eckstein
Block.    Apply, Croo and Moffatt.
PIIRNITUIIM FOR SALB-Cholce
Furniture for Snlo, Can bo uecn at
any llmo. Apply Mra. Aldrlch, cor.
MePhc.r.ion Avo. nnd McEvoy St,
EGGS for Unichlnf. from soleclod
layltiR strain: Puff Orpington, ll.tO
\)<it IS. Allmrt Davlca, Annex Kxton.
Blon, Pernio. D.C, 3t
WANTBD—A couplo of forntihH
Rooms for Hcht hoiuoVwplnp. Anply
Qunll ..IflOfrli. Co.
IVANTJID-At one*, (kn«ral fi«r-
vaut:. Apuly Mi*, j. n. at_w_i>v. Mcpherson Ave, 14
delate Sitsaiii Sews
*.'?",     ».-'"'7 --" -    -'    V«/   V*A     v \ • ",v .„ v*,- A.    * «vj**- ' >*- ..<        I
lfSJtt«;«P.£fcj J ffiH»l£_2_«is^Hs__L
Waishei7
/jgdes.-".^
Get a W.ater Motor Washer
:?".."  and Be Happy        7
j.p: QUAIL  7 7
Hardware
FERNIE
Furniture,
.A*
_F>
People's Popular Picture TPlayhouse
\* ' til . '   "
Friday and^
A 3-Reel Feature Film
-    •        ■' -' : * ' Entitled    ''    7*";',"/ : .„
A story true  to life, depicting' means
used by the Mormons forcing* be- .
"a.     lievers into their faitH'
Don't miss Friday and SatiirdayYespocially fino.
prograrn'mb, of     " ,  '•■
6 Pictures
including two of'tho funniost (tinny films ovov filmed
Free to Lady Patrons-Beautiful Silver Spoon
For two coupons, issuod Tnes., Thurs., & Sat. Mntinoo-*
Don't Forget Saturdays Matinee
..■-.(
.<
:
1
. *
•*.
a 1
a e; lyons
s     '
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
Kf . M. JEFFRIES
Jewelery Repairing a Specialty
/.
Engraving
High class selection of
Watches, Clocks and Novelties
PRICES TO SUIT THE TIMES
\     !
Try The Ledger For Job Work
1  -»«_______, -- -*
**-*^-■—«»^»« »*-■ . . .v!l..^,^_________________tt____a_____i
■tEawah- -.Mc- ■-*'--■■ * -- — - ,^s * - *■--
its;
the; district xedgsb, msaf. b.:C, a_?iu±_27, i-ais*.
ffiffy^ft^
PAGE SEVEN
**HMww»w¥v^
^NMMM^^MM. ¥¥»V'»yyvVyyv»V»»yy
AkAkkUkkkAAkkkkkkAk k *yc*k**>wm*4WWfr> yW¥ V Y W ¥ ¥ Y****^***;^,; y"y Vyy v y yy ^*^^^^¥ y y y y y j v ^ y y y y y ^
',A ■ •♦A  -        -7yA A A * • ■*-'.. '♦
'*'". ■.*,.♦■ *_■"-      ' 'Bellevue" a *''' ♦*
A   A ♦ - -   7    ;  '.Ay 7A ,-*-.,--♦
7 '7   ♦.♦'♦ ♦,.♦.♦ ♦:>*.♦"♦♦♦♦
A  -'  "    -Mrs..--Bs<:hwlg7of'F€f__ieI"ii_ spend-
f_,i;,- ,-.*•- '>   7  'ing .,as fojir-Vdays; with :Mr and Mrs.;
. -Andrew GoodwinA'-."-•"'. y,'.\'
•y.    "Mr7Allan, of'Coloman,"was,in town
, ; ^ on-Sunday and stayed with Mr.-Ackln-
'   ,   'son.      -1'' _    , '7;   _ - . . * »
* >,       * ,f A large crowd .of boxing sports v.«nt
V   from Beilevue to Blairmore on Sa'tiir-
! -7      .. day night last;to see the fight between
* . ',;    Young Morris, of Bellevue and D'omon-
* _,,'        iclc, of Hillcrest,' and "report seeing a
7'7 "* good fight '7-        ' ?     * ''   _.
. Mr. Peter Ratcliff'e visited his' parents in Fernie for a few .days last
week-end and' played in the Salvation
:  Army Band on Sunday.      .   A   •
A-7   '  M-qs., D. Davidson- and -family,   of
y '--Fernie "came to take, their-abode'in
7 '•"   Belleveu last week. - *;. 'f *; 7,-
■ " v " ' The Rev. W. H. Irwin-'visited Living-
■ .    y stoiie last week end and preached ■ in
?'   th© Methodist'Church there.
!   7  " Th?   st°rk   WI*S   hovering .-.around
-y •    Bellevue'last sweek and managed to
"*    "  7 drpp'j'on _ the house. ofi Mr. and Mrs?
•. -      Watts Goodwin.and left them>a.fine
.'     bouncing boy.'    Mother and'child are
doing, well.      ,,'--_ A .■,.""    •*
.   .   \. . While J. R. Macieod was working in
-   his room in No. Inline, -Bellevue, and.
engaged in cutting the top" coal down
-.   y.    with a pick, the lot came down unex-
, - *y Pectedly.^and drove the pick into bis
. •.      foot.    'He was conveyed put of the
,.  -mine on the'st'retcher'and attended by
7'  Dr. Mackenzie. <   :?7',,7,'-, .?,-    .,   '"■ ,-
,.    ?  There has been a big rush on the
,, "basket and fancy paper trade at Belle-
1'     ;„'  vue this last .week owing to, the basket
"social held'in the Pocialist7*Hall on
".    Wednesday'of this Week.     'All single
* .young men .who did not get a better-
'    half that night were far behind the
;i' * times.,    "'.-'". ?'
...  Coal Creek ' could ' not possibly do
- ' i without their goalkeeper, and have im.-
■',.*.*■. -Ported him back again, and* sent "for
', . -   his    transfer   from    Bellevue.    'But
. .        Bellevue  still  has  several  goalkeep--
V ' *. ers at their call and will'not be behind
f, altogether.**"     ... A   - A  *   /
\    . The   preacher-   at 'the .Methodist
., Church on Sunday, night was, Mr J-Jy-
^ ,;   slop, of Coleman. ; Mr. Hyslop" divided
." his' sermon into j twtv-- headlnga:U'"nis^
.    y;  cipleship,'arid-:'The Place of the .Cross
■ ;.' in Our Hearts?"-   'There' was a good
■   attendance at the service.    The Mem-
^;   orial Service for our .ate Brother Wm.
' ■'   Baucham will be held in the church on'
.     .   Sunday, and',wlll?be conducted by' the
"    7   Rev. W. H. Irwin.' V   ■.-'"*, -f'y ;f-'A
'    i. ', Mrs Gift Cb'usins;(of''FeVnie) came
'.   -s   in town on Monday' and will atay with
- .'   Mr".'Jas. Cousins." ".-'"s;''
Jury In Bellevue Inquest Mako
„.    .' Recommendations -
The inquoBt on. the-body, of'William
- ,, Baucham,'who lost his life in-No, 1
,. , .-Mine,-was hold'"last* week, and tho
.    .   decision, wns "Tho "deceased lost his
life accidentally-while following   his
employment," by "a fall of roof -In No,
:   2 Seam of No. 1 Mine, Bellevue, whero
v    " tuo working en tho 13."-. of April."
■ "Wb, tho jury, recommend that there*
, ,      bo an amendment In the Coal Mlnos"
> Act of Alborta tlmt no person holding
flroboss.cortlflcato shnll bo allowed to
?„ flro shots working contract work Iii a
,   ga'sRous mlno.    Fiirthormoro, wo ,llio
; Jury find thnt tlio pyesont systom of
' con|.rnct work lends itself to careless-
,  noss on the part of.the contractors,
,   though not blaming any person for_,tho
docohsod's donth, wbfeol that greater
*- precautions should bo tnkon to safe-
,,. ,   guard tho mon from accldont,"    Tho
Jury coiiBlBtod of II. J. Cunningham
(foreman). William Evnns, J. J. Wai-
tors, J." S. Miiriry, Thomas ■ Duncan,
Harry-Whlto and W. II, Colo.
Bellovuo Lady's Success'tit'Newcastle-
on-Tyne, England.
A vory successful St. PntrlnltV contort nnd social wns given on March
18th at Mill Lano,* Nowcnstlo-on-Tyno
by Mra. Stokoo,   It will bo Interest-
lng to many to know that tho favorlto
of tlio evening wns undoubtedly MrB.
li, Wolsh, of this town.   For hor sing-
* of "The Weai'ln' of tlio Greon" sho rocelvod ontliUBlRstla applniiHo nnd gavo
nfl an oncoro "Lot *Erln noraombcr."
In lho Bccond pnrt of tho programme
Bho sang "Tho Shamrock of Ireland"
aH only n daughter of Iflrln can Hlng It,
nnd ngnln bolng cncorotl gave vuinrnoy
O'llon."
tive-.(Society.,was'-held last,?Thurs'day
in" the ,Miners^/Hall, ',when,-the"xboard
of> "m_?nageme_it', reported progress.
Evefything.is'practically ready to_ start'
up-as* soori.'as the manager, can get-it
going. ■ ' ''-y-.- •• --'-,-1 -,"' '7 ■"," Ti'.\ »"a >.
■' Tlie Duke of .Curininghaiahad m«n
working.to level-a"piece"bf„*land for a
hall /ground, but they quit-last week
and it's at a'standstill ever.since.'They
are, however," so^ anxious to see /the
work completed that'"some "of; the fair
sex.took to the plow, but we are sorry
to ■ say they did'"not "make, it > stick.
Possibly if. they use-other ladies, (the
same,as the washing'.machine incid-
ent.they will1 have il done, as no doubt
there would be plenty to choose from?
■¥¥■¥ Y V ¥ ¥ ¥ 1 f¥»-¥»¥f¥¥-¥ ¥^IM^^MMMMM. ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥■¥■
'♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦ ^.> ♦
FRANK NOTES
♦ HILLCREST +
♦ ♦
Tho now, addition to Frank Enrp'B
hnlwp nnd rnnfocttorinr.i* uinr* [« ??y.-i
ly going up? A"
W. U, Powoll, ProBldont of Dlntrlct
18, U. M. W. ot A„ wna in town Sunday urn! intended tho local mooting
Wo havo sovoral snako charraorB In
town which have firanlr-Pil thn nrt Tin.
woo to thom whon things bocomo
known.
Tho mlno Is working steady and
gradually Increasing tholr output.
George Brown hns quit tho glass
factory this wook and has gono In
pur nun of now putUM.        ,     - ^
Ooo. Ilrown Is busy tnkliift Returns
UiiiMi diiyt. ulongHiilo of tho Lovers'
Lano In tho evenings for llio benefit
of Mr. Curd (Pernio.. Somo of tho
pooplo living In tho vicinity of Hill-
crest Hill wll! npproctatt, tho aconory.
M«.. S. Thomas was a |r«rnlo visitor
laut v.Ui.k. vv:uuv.ii.K oU Hu.uiilntanc«tt,
A mooting of lho Hillcrest Co-Open.'
♦ ♦ ♦.♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ -p*- ♦ ♦'
"•Mr, R. J." Ferguson, of the Bellevue
Bank , was in",,town 'on, Sunday last
playing tennis. '   ■',, 7  .
, P. Seville, better kriown'as "Butch,"
who*has-ibeen cutter for the 41 Market''Cohere' for some time, has taken
a similar.pbsition'at Cranbrook. His
place here is, taken,by?R.-Wilcox,   v
' Mr and-Mrs.'A. J. Hollmotz moved
away 'from Frank ori Monday night.
Mr." Hollmotz has been station agent
here,for the.past year.. He*has the
Coyley Station now:. Mr. J. Murray,
who ,has been operator ,up 'to the"
present, nmy. receives the important
position of agent.'
•" A Bonamica," of Michel^ was in towri
on -Wednesday* 6n-a/business trip:
. ■ Harold Boyd, the *" local manager
of P. Burns Co's butcher shop, .left
for. Banff .on; Tuesday night, where lie
takes -charW.of,' the 'shop 'for the com-'
pany. , - ,-- ' '' \ A"
" Miss L? Thomas left on Tuesday for
Lethbridge, where "she will spend a
holiday/''  A A A* '  '   ' - -       -'
• WBJR.—To. Mr ■"and/Mrs.    Frank
Wejf,, of.Frank; on'Monday-^a daugW
ter?v    ■ "   '?'. r      . /'*  </. -  "'" ■
lt Mrs.*:PInkney,and7,.Mrs. Thompson
(of-Bellevue) >ere visiting friends in
town on Tuesda'/.' \ 7  J -   .
' 'A large number from H;rank attended the ball in the* Blairmore" Opera
House,/ last .Friday ""night. A       '-.
y JiLmmie Fox,? the/famous .enter'tain-
er-^anuruumorist7";wasyaini"ounced"*foT
Blnirm'ore   on;; Tuesday,; but  at * the
hour for 'cominencirig""the-'crowd,was
-so small that .he called it "off.   '    '  '
' At ,,4.45 last Saturday morning -the
citizens; of Frank were suddenly aroused^ from "tlielr slumbers by ringing
of the fire, alarm and later-by the
coal-company's fire whistle blowing.
Tlie.-fire brigade were on the spot in
a" few minutes, and it was discovered
thai-it was the .town of Blairmore
tlmt was ,on fire again., arid had
%'aln called for tho -resistance of Hie
Finril. fire brigade, • pw. did solnuifih
ti'help, save the town during the five
of & month ago. ' Two teams w*.i".
socii! at the diBpoi.il of the flro fig...'
ers, nnd whon thoy" -sot to Blalrmcro
tho blnze from the roof of.the cement
plant was ■ visible.' The Blairmoro
Brigade was on tho spot,-and .-would,
no doubt have'dono good Avork undor
Chief Burrows, if they had some hoso,
but, It wns when Frank hoso got connected and Chief McGownn got nftor
things tlmt the fire had to' cease its
destructive business. Tho roof Avan
completely burnt off ono building, but
tlio Boocndtiml longer building, which'
was on flro, Avns put out beforo much
damago' wns ' dono to It. Wo aro
glad to bo able to help our neighbor,,
biit It Is gottlng a habit to havo fires
now, and wo don't llko1 to bo dinUin.-
ed too often-from our sloop. II aviiu
very Inlorostlng to watch tho onloulc
era. Somo had not yot gono to bod
after tho danco. nnd wore rigged out
In white boAV Hob and dross sulia,
ok", AYhllc others Avore a haggard look
ns It IlioIr»dissipation did not agree
with thorn. It Is.BPldom avo have
tho opportunity of soo.'ng tho nflov
the dnnco" Bltuntlon to such' r.dvr-i..
tngo.
What might havo hoon n serious ac
nldoi opcurrod In town on Wednesday nftcrnoon. Mr. MotMinll, of
Claron's Saw MIIIh, nnd Joo Morlnol
woro riding horsoback and racing,
being In good sporlt for nuol. action,
whon tho horeo of tho former rnn
Into tho Cr'owB Nost Ilnrdwaro toani,
McPhnll AvaB thrown, hitting tlio
ground on tho back of'tho bond, nnd
when picked up was unconscious,
Dr. McKay was called at, onco, but
found ..that no bonoB Avero brokon,
nnd ho Avas romoved lo a nonrby
houno whoro ho slept off tho effects
ot tho fall off.
*• ■ HOSMER  NOTES./*  . ?  •«*
<►   •       '*, "Looker-on." s S      .'♦
♦ , * >    77, A*- /.*♦
•■♦>«►♦ o.;^..^.^1^ &■+ <.'«
„ We hear "of another,-, Hosmerite as
an amateur real.estate" agent-.- ; \V"e
cannot say how many lots he sold,"he
certainly had lots of "pewar." - -
. For some reason or „* other ' the
"Hiram" Company, did not fill Ifi*
biirat the Opera^House on Saturday,
last. TAventy-five '-people,'- mostly
girls, they advertised.- Was'Hosmer
one of their "misses','?/' "
•' (A perpetual subscription to the
Ledger* for the individual - who wi:i
bring the head'of-this "joke" artist
to the Ledger Office.)
Quite a, serious calamity occurred
in the District 'Ledger ofice at Fern'o
last week: A bulky letter *arri\'ed
from Hosmer containing an advt., and
when our energetic editor saw' tlie
magnitude of' It. he gasped in amazement and-his glasses slipped and
fell on the floor, breaking. . Come
a/bng". Fernie, and? other camps. ' For
the size of.the place Hosmer has you
skinned'in patronizing.the Ledger. *
.We*, hear that our late townsman,
Robert Strachan, inspector of- mines
for N. E. Kootenay,' has received an
appolntirient at the coast." -' Mr. Tom
Williams,-of'Corbin, is'spoken of as
his successor./.,   i.-'- .        ,
.' All tlie boys are'looking forward to
the demonstration-at Fernie, and are
hoping for fine weather on May Day.
. On Thursday last .here*Avas.a large
attendance at the pool'room to Avit-
ness the' final, of the billiard handicap betAveen W. Miller (85) and F.
Owen-^lOO start). '■ After a very close
game' 'Miller ran out „lie Avinner by
16., .The first prize Avas a meerschaum pipe, and the runner-up a briar
pipe.?' •- ,yv>-' A' .<> •«
i Don't forget the sports at-"Fernie;
we see some busy training, and Avish
them success.   ?.   **■
The first practice of the Hosmer F."
C. was held on, Monday evening and
was well'attended? "'Quite a few surprizes being out.'' .On Wednesday the
probable team started "training iri earnest, and" if they keep-it up thejr will
soon get shut; of '.the .wooden .dipper.
Alf Fortier:is to be complimented on
♦* ♦■
♦ ,    '_       COAL CREEK .   -♦!
the-coMltiori^fyiieTpTtchTTr^ieTas
been very busy the* last week or two
and the result .is, as good-a playing
piece" as is,in the Pass,   -
May
Tho cnrtoonlHtB of lho "United Staton
prosB havo originated tho elophnnt as
tlio roproHontallvo of tho Kopubllcan
pnrty, and tho nun ub oymbollo of tho
Democrat, hut the Krowlnr. ImpnrlnnrA
of tho Socialist parly In national poll-
tics also demands p, roprosontntlvo In
pictorial comment. Tho Ohio Stnto
Journal tool Mivombor printed a cartoon wllh tho Socialist pnrty as a lion.
Tho Idea has caught on nnd many
cartoonists havo followed tho bubros-
tlon.
Hns Mcllrldo "prosperity" hit you
yet?
-stops miw*,w W,BJiSJB
* Manviages       '  ,
24th" at/" Church   pf   England,
Fernie, by'Rev.'Walton, Clifford Sing-
leton to Eleanor Wyatt.-both of Hosmer. . (, y' s
May 25th, at Catholic Church, Hosmer, by Father O'Neil, William "Kiiles-
ki to Pearl WInriechuk, both of Hosmer. ,„,'        ,    '
-A united memorial service Avas held
In tho Opera House on Sunday evening last'ln connection Avilh'tho lamentable disaster to the Titanic. '    ,, „,
Sultablo hymns Avere sung, and" Mrs
H. Anderson and Mr. W: "R. Smith ren:
d«rod solos.
An address Avas dollvorod by Mr,
J W Roberts, who oxpressodthe deop:
est sympathy of the congregation wlth
tho sorroAvlhg bevoa\rcd, and spoke of
the stars which shine amid tho dark-
rioss Thoro Avas n largo nttondance;
and for once,all,distinctions of sects
and orooflB ,Avoro put aside, nil tho
churches In toAvn being represented.
DRAMATIC ART IN H08MER
—"THE SNOWBALL."
The porformnnco of Sidney Grundy's
famous English comedy "Tho Shoav-'
ball," on Monday evening, April 22nd.
by a company of local nvtlstes, Avas
an, outstanding sucicoss,
A largo audlonco nssomblod In the
Opera Houso and BhowoiMts Intorost
nnd appreciation by the cIobo attention anil'froquonl and spontaneous ap-
plauso Avhlch .grootod tlio offorla of
lho various members of tho casto.
The parts Avoro most nbly unstained
hy Mru, Wilson, Mrs, Mimgrovo, MIbb
Kolly nnd Mr, N. K, Kondall, Mr. 0.
H, Dunbar, Mr Bonltlo'MlllB, nnd Mr
J Rlmi.Bon
Groat prnlno Ib duo (o all, without
dlfltlnotlon,' who took part, for lho
crisp' and finished ntylo with Avhlcli
tho avIioIo of tlio throo aotB Avoro car-
rlud through, and thoro was nol a dull
momont from start to finish ,
Tho bungling, whlcji so often characterise., amateur performances, was
only conspicuous by Itn entire ab-
won co,
Tlmt ovory detail had boon carefully
workod out Avni. ovldoncod hy tho lovely floral docoratloiiB,   tlio   charming
-l.«.h..i._. ul   t._u   iu'.lua,  tl) U.llliiUlC  lor
n mere m:m lo dpyc.lk*. am] ;.;<.■ IH.v
approprlnlo roBtumcs of the senile-
won. Mr. Kondnll Is to bo congratu-
lutnil togethor with IiIb compnny on
the production of ii play which nB
rylw.*.-.      ~..     ^ C     .     1 ,   t     1    . t   •        i
^••■-*»   Wt^    »*»w««j.m.^     W»toUt,    -4|"U4._,S_i    k»S>    S-lV'
dlt tl nny town or city In Wostorn
Canada, and wo bospoalc for tliom a
larfto nttondnnco wh«n thoy apponr
boforo a Pernio audlonco nt tho Grand
Opora Houso on Tuosday evening next
April 80th. I!
Tho procoods wero In' aid of tho
Methodist nnd PreBbyl<»rI/in ehurchn
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦4m»-»-»
Another young man named Thomas
Grey got a little weak spot, in his
cranium and started sending loving
epistles to girls of'tender age, signing
himself "Sir Thomas." - He,was taken
away to New Westminster on Tuesday
lor a change of air.
Dave Logan left here last week to
spend -a few, months on his.ranch situated in the Red Deer district of Alberta.  "
Mrs. Ed., Bridge arrived up-here
last^Aveeli from .Creston. 'Mr. Bridge
having taken over the cottage rectnly
occupied by Mr and Mrs.-A." Wood.
Frank' Henderson is once ' more
working with the machinists in this
camp,- having finished the contract he
had in Alberta. .
Mulligan's bunch'of football terrors
got their 'spirits, damped last' Saturday evening by the C. C. juniors;' the
game resulting in a _vin for the Creek
by 1 goal to nil. ' ,
,/ The fish are having quite • a lively
time of it just hoav as every one'has
plenty,of time tb go after them, and
some fairly good catches of grayling
are reported.
■ Harry Baker, well "known in; ■ and
around the Pass, and Charlie* Carver,
of Michel, of great pugilistic fame,
diave got a match fixed up,, arid Avas
to have brought it off' in Fernie/but
the civic authorities Avould not grant
the necessary permit, so they have
be'en' forced to seek'^some place else,
and ha.ve-fixed on Michel, the fight to
take place on Tuesday, April 30th, at
Martinis Hall, New Michel, for''the
beriefit of 'the Athletic Association.
- Quite.a bunch of men are drawing
their time,, owing'to the slack/times
and,moving to fields neAv in the hopes
of brighter prospects elsewhere, "and
yet lots of .strangrs are starting every
Aveek in the vacant places. And still-
the game goes, on, and for every one
that quits there are two or three ready
to jump^ into his place.
A friendly game 'of football wilfbe
played up here on Saturday night betAveen C. ,C. andTFcrnie. Team:. ;
. Thos. Banns "(goal); McFegan, vice-
ceptain, and Jock McLetchie",. captain
.1 Via hlra _• A l.rtv Tlf i-CVvrrn «^ TI7«. "n- —*_11=
-, VM.W.U,,—*i.L-^,A.—l,L\ji.'\;£aiL,—i v iiiTTJTai llt.ll,
Jas.' Yates (halves); Jas. Patterson,*
Sam Weaver, Dick'Thornton", P.'Hes-
keth; ThosyOakley'(forwards). Ref.,
Pat M*ulg;rew. ^Reserves: Jno. Myers,
Jas. Logan:    Kick-off: 6 prompt. .
j¥¥¥¥ ¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥ tf¥_f>t__i|iYY''¥¥Y¥YVY¥?f¥¥'
*• ,
>• *'
J-
*■ s
j-
>f~"
"* '
>•
S
chanic,- finds that it is necessary, to
apply an adapter to theengino to attach to'small hydrants.
.   "We would like to see or rather hear
of,.the* coal company,forming a fire
brigade* afe this is entirely essential to
the" safety of the town.     *    -
-The'new bridge near the-loop is
nearly  completed',  except • for  some
slight alteration which has occurred
during the construction, "It is without
jdoubt, one of the finest .structures of
bridges in British Columbia.
• ;G, H. Lockhart and It. James, both
of Michel, turned out for a hundred
yards sprint down the C. P. R. track
on Wednesday afternoon.    0 Lockhart
Avon by a short head. / Dick said, "Let
her go,  I'll catch Lock next time."
Hard Luck, Dick.     Never, mind you
wero a sport, anyhow.
„  Keen Observer.—Your   communication ls not of sufficient public interest
to.Avarrant publication.
The Rocky TBflountain
UM
At,the Famous Sulphur Springs
7     FRANK, Alta.
"■ ' i        * i ** - i
Fitted throughout with every modern convenience
SULPHUR BATHS., BUS JO ALL TRAINS
OFFICER   INJURES SOLDIER
FOR  LIFE—LIGHT PUNISHMENT
BERLIN, /April 24.—A nori-commis-
sioted" officer of the 17tlr Hussa.- Regiment appeared before a court martial at Brunswick on a charge of having maltreated. a subordinate. -He
struck the man so violently on the
head as to break the" ear drum. "I
was In the right," he told thb judge.
"This man has disobeyed.' Besides,! I
gave him only an average" blow."
""What do you mean by,an average
blow?;' '• asked the president, of the
court, "Why a blow which is not applied with the full force of the arm."
In view of this explanation the court
was "indulgent,', and -sentenced the
noii-commissioned "officer to only 11
days' Imprisonment. •
. (Query.—If an "average" blow from
this officer disables a man for life,
what effect would-a "full" blow haA'e
on' Jack Johnson?)
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
Wholesale Dealers in        •*    .
Wines, Liquors and
\:        CIGARS
' FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK     (
'-}_-•'    ." .Phone 83, Frank, Alta. _        ,?' <    *     '
o <> ^ <»• <. o> ^.
Felminry shlmonts of anthracite coal
increased 805,000 tons ovor January to.
to!*. Prom January i to Febmmy _W,
total shipments wore IUM.C".. ton*,
ns comnared with lt..07B,0«S tonn tor
tho ffimo period of 1011,—Tho Coal; week,
and t.oko Operator. .Vormr/n Ifendcrson, Uh. master xm
- -. ; '.-",!   a *
MICHEL  NOTES ,    >
,   ByX. Y. Z. ♦
& . 4.
♦ +■ ♦ "♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^«
Michel Football Team had a practice match on Saturday. , Tliey chased'the/leather round pretty lively and
Aye" think some' good' work can be expected of them. "Many thanks are due
to.those*avIio helped, to fix the Foot-
ball Field "up., They' .spent many
hours on the Avork and'have made a
good job or It.
Old Michel picked a baseball team
that-.Avas just going to show a good
afternoon's sport, but for some reason,
only a fow of the Now Mlchol players
put ln an nppoara'nce. Hope thoy
didn't bat too much dlnnor. Now,
Rerlle, look up tlio boys, ■■ As Ncav
Michel did not appear at full strength
it was decided to make up a scratch
team<Just foi* tho snko of. tho spectators. We know a follow who got a
good roaHtlng and avo think he must
hnvo a glass oyo Good oyo, umpire;
good eye,,       „
Tlio Toronto Ladles' Qunrtolle paid
n visit horo on Monday ovOnlng In tho
Opora' 1-Ioubo. Thoy provldod oxen!-'
lout music nnd singing nnd everybody
thoroughly enjoyed tho progrnmmo.
The Coal Company nro busy relaying tho wntor mnln nnd will hood bn
nblo to supply tlio Avntor In the houses
ngnln. Tills avIH bo n gobd Job 11 h It
hns been of uoiiFtldornblo inronvonlon*
co Inning to pack tho Avntor from tho
crook,
If nny person Bhould lmppon to hoc
pooplo drowning doga In Iho Creek ll
Is tholr duty to report thorn to tlio
police. Only n foAV dnys ago two
dogs wor«' Inkon from tho wntor nml
if this kind of thing Is allowed to contlnuo tlio results might bo sorloim, I
hope this notico will ho n warning.
Mrs. R. (inrbolt, of Corbln, pnld ,n
\lBlt hero to hor parents last vt>\i
nnd left on tho Lot'al on Snturday
morning.
Tho first yonr candidal on under tho
St, John's Ambulance Association had
their exniiiiniition ou fcunday Inst In
iJ.it G.*.... Hum*. Ur, isliiiYi' v._.ti tho
examiner mid the rcsuUn will bo
known shortly. Wo wish a fow moro
would tnko an Interest In this good
work,
Joim IjiA.nv.iv "ami. uv.tu on luem.ii>
morning oi;i tho Locnl to, go to his
ranch In Alborta, Wo hopo lio gets
ns good crops ns Inst yonr.
Owing to tho Illness of Mr. A, Almond, sen., tho dance whldli was fixed
for Monday Inst, 22nd, has hfv»n post-
jionud, Mr*. Almond was taken III
with n »*'vrrft nttnrlr of pnmimonl.i.
hut wo nro jilonsod to my thoro sootiM
n slight Improvement,
The mines wero Idlo horo on Wort,
r.fstlay. ,.
The Flro Engine has »M>«n «j> *ftj.d
down  'town   prartlslnur   dnHn/r   tho
- Millions for Militia    '
...- (Continued from page 6)
foundland/7 per cent from the'United
Kingdpm,-arid the remainder from the
.United States;and .the West Indies*.
The European'" labor ■* comes mainly
from,, Poland/7?Hungary, Italy-- and
* ranc<.r_tuough'
*  ■'  ,/ We have the largest knd most up".
Hardware and Furnitui e
S: '■' in the Pass.,   Everything ii:.
Stoves and Ranges   .
Granite & Enam-elware
Mr-
'"-? 'I'd^lr
-1J Ir-J^ix
Furniture
' Carpets and Riigs
:amiosu "every .Europe
ean nation is represented. The European labor is found-chiefly in the yards
coke ovens/and among the helpers at
the open* hearth" furnaces. The Newfoundland labor is found *also in these
departments,- and to* a greater extent
af-tlie blastfurnaces and 'in the'mlHs.
AH,told nearly 60 per-cent of the labor
is imported. ,, >.
... Wagos—Tlie. majority of the men
are paid by. .the hour.. ■ A'system' of
payment' by ' tonnage or bonus has
been Introduced aiid ls being extended. -Between 500~and 000 men were
affected by this system during tho
year 11)08..    - ,
An nnalysls of tho labor cost taken
from their oavii figures of 1008 as being 2,03, Avhlch includes superintendence, will show tho $J,.0 men to bo
the major portion of tho employees of
this corporation.
The . lochanieal Dopnrlment-yAbout
-100 mon arcengaged In'thlsAJopart-
ment, Of thoeo 70 work twolvo, nnd
the remainder ten hours per shift, the
day shift being much larger thnn tho
night Blilft. About 70 per cent of
those" mon' nro Canadians, and nearly
nil, tlio othors are from Newfoundland
and tho United Klngdohi. Tho men
nro machinists, foujulrymon, boiler
makers, blacksmiths, pipe fitters, enr-
ponlci'H, pnttorn makers, ot*.
Kcgnrdliig tho machinists, hnlf of
tho HtnlT nro ordorod out ouch Sunday
Ulior domntuls Justice and equality,
thoiif.li not In the sonso In which
those words nro ofton used., Labor
men do no twlbh to «o beyond reason,
Thoy locognlzo thnt-, tho law Is not
powerful'enough to prevent vasl com-
blnatlonihropreBenlliig millions of dollars of capltnl from orgaiily.lng to op-
press labor. (0 control anil nfonopolizo
production nnd prices, and to ciirry
Into offoct tho purjioses of' such coin-
blnntloiiH, - Tlio oxlstonco of ono Ilie.
Bill nnd oppressive corponitlon or com-
blniitloii Ik onoiigh lo Jumlfy llio |m_
prosHlnn nmoiigilt workmen thnt tliey
nro nil formed for tho nnno nlm nnd
purnoHOi and for this tho miinufactur-
orii IhofiifiolvoB nro roapoiisllilo.
Stiilomnen of today Bhould reml tho
protiliotlo words written by tho Brent
Amorinin alalosmau, Abraham Lincoln, In 1881:
1 sop lit the nour futuro a crlals np.
apiwlilng that umicrvos mo and
ciiiiBOH 1110 to Iromblo for the rni.iMv
of my country.
Ah u iiisult of tho war, corporations
have (icon cnthroncul, nnd nn era of
corruption In high places will follow
and tlw monoy powor ot tho country
will cmlonvor to prolong Us relan up.
on nm |ir«jm)_c*«8 oi the pooplo until
nil lho wealth Is nggroRnted Into a
fow linmlf. nml tho republic Is des-
troynd, I fool nt this moment moro
nnxlety for tlio safety of lho country
thnn ovor boforo, oven In IJio midst of \
war, '
Tho .rlsls fonrod hy Mr. Lincoln Is !
upon iiu, nnd It Is tlie dilt> of ww, ,
iiu.inh.r of the Houso, regardIr-w. of;
polltlrnl nlloglanoo to prevent It,       i
"A While II, 0.1"     ovor' Mt Hiln- ■
* f/- ^n^tera rrnploj-fii In X:uu on-.
vor nnil mw ,10,000 Orf'-tl'ttltt employ !
cd Jn tlio provlneo• And moro on tlie ,
wny. i
Plumbing andrHeating.  . .Special Attention to Mail Orders
'    '  ■ - S. c y      • -      '    ■*   . -
Cfow;$ Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited .'
Thone 7   .FRANK, Alta.
P.O. Box 90
Miche^Genepal^epcbaRdise^
Importers of. *.
ITALIAN   PRODUCTS
and Dealers in
Domestic  Groceries
Agents for Steamship Companies.. New Michel, B.C.
'    Dealer In
Dry Goods,   Boots & Shoes
Men's Furnishings
Groceries   Fruits, Flour  &  Feed
Hardware, Tinware Etc.'
Best   Goods   at   lowest   Prices
Hillcrest
xVlXcl;
HOSMER
INDUSTRIAL ASSOCIATION
Limited
Let lis know your wants.
■*—uM..M_.-_._—^.-. ^™irrr^n«iiima«in«irr.Mi«^^ ■
All Orders  Receive Our  Careful
Attention.
Sla-ter   Slhio^^
Wo liavnjnst nponorl nuv liir^n spring sln'p-
niont of ol'lhasn liunmif. shoes nml lutvo thc
bost ran^j of Ifil.fir), •%">, and %(\ shoos ovor
hIiowii in noHinur. Hou lho now si vies (Hh-
p.ny<-<) Dim w«cK' in sourli window.
Hosmer
A.   MIIXS   As   SON
B.C.
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta.
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
GSA; CLAIR       .--; Proprietor 7.7, **"'■
PAGE EIGHT
LA ',*■.-
te
[TEE DISTRICT LEDGER,. FERNIE>:B. 0,, APBIL^2?r J912.
.*.' -v ,>■
Waldorf
Hotel
- >.
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
•   Hot and Cold Water
; Electric Lighted   ,
, Steam Heated.      " fj
'   'Phone in every room.
■   Sample Rooms on Main
, ,., Business? Street.*   ■
Meal Tickets, $6.00
Spectal Rates"1 by the week and
the month and to' Theatrical parties.   Try our
Special Sunday0
Dinner 50c
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerks.
fernie;
>. "",
Cigar Store
vt.-,*»w*^t.»st9«.vtw*..'*s^a_e-.»','o
Lunch
Counter
 a	
Is Now Opened
Clean, Cosy and very
Inviting
Just the place after,the
show or from the*rink. -
Fpedl:Armstfqn'g
- ,' Proprietor
JOHN BARBER, D.D.S., LDS„
'     'DENTIST
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hours: 8.30 to 1; 2 to 5.
Residence: 21, Victoria Avenue.
ECKSTEIN *&_MacNEIL
Barristers & Solicitors, Notaries, &c.
6ffices:AEokstejn Building,
Fernie, B.C.   , ""  .
F. C Lawe .     Alex. I. Fisher
-,,,     LAWE *&'FISHER
,   ' ". ,  -J ■ ATTORNEYS
, Fernie/ B."c.
L.    H.    PUTNAM
Barrister, Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
' BLAIRMORE, 'ALTA.
I
TJHE FERNIE
LUMBER CO.
. A. McDougall, Mgr
Manufacturers of arid Peal-.
ers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Bar supplied with', the   best Wines, .
"   ,   Lri()uoi:s and Cigars        '       j
DINING   ROOM  JN  CONNECTION,
W.MILLS,        ,      - Prop I
:
. Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay EssEi
Bar Unexcelled'
All While Help
i*.
Everything;
Up-to-date,
, Call in and,
sec, us once
JOHN PODBIELANCIK, Prop.
Nowhere in the Pass can be
found In such a display of
Meats
We have the bost money
con buy of Boef,' Pork, Mutton,' Venl, Poultry. Butter,
Eqob. Fiuh, "Imporaior Hams
and Bacon" Lard, 8au_aoei(
Welnnrs and 8ouer Kraut.
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Go.
Phonis 86
>4»c»ia&o<u»ffl»«i»«&<»>i»(2»a£
Pi Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
BAKER  AVENUE.
BRANCH  AT  HOSMER,   B.C.
toXWork
Extract from Chapter xix. of "Uncle
Tom's Cabin',' by Harriet Beecher
Stowe. \ "* y   '   ' * ,i    ,*   _
"We all know better.^ ,,Tel_ me that
any man living wants to work allhis^
days, from dlay-dawn till dark, under,
the constant eye of a master, .without
the power of putting forth one irresponsible ^volition,- on "the same dreary
monotonous, unchanging toil,* and all
for two pairs of pantaloonsand a pair
of shoes a year, with enough-food and
chelter to keep him in working order!
Any man who thinks that human beings can, as'-a general thing, be made
about as comfortable that way as any
other^ I wish he might jtry it. I'd buy
the > dog, and work him with a "clear
conscience!
■ "I always have supposed," said Miss
Ophelia,""that you, all of you, approved of these things and thought them
RIGHT according to Scripture." 7,"
Humbug! -We are not quite reduced to that yet. Alfred? who is as
determined a despot &s ever walked
does not pretend to this'kind of defence; no, he stands, high and haughty
on ,the good, old respectable, ground,
THE RIGHT OF THE STRONGEST;
and he says, and I think quite sensibly, ' that "American planters are 'only
'doing, in another form, what English
aristocracy "and capitalists , are doing
by the-lowerclasses'; that is, I take it?
'APPROPRIATING7tliem, .body and
bone,* soul arid spirit., to'their-use and
convenience.' He defends, both—and
I - think,', at least, ' CONSISTENTLY."
He says 'that - there can be no high,
civilization without enslavement of the
masses? .either nominal or real. . There
must, he says,.,b'e a lower class, given
up to physical toil "and confined to an
aninial nature and a higher one there-'
by acquires leisure and wealth for a
more' 'expanded, intelligence "and improvement, and'becomes the directing
soul of the lower.' So he reasons, because,' as I said, he is-born an aristocrat;--so I don't believe, because I"w"as
born a Democrat."    -
'"How ,h_7the. world .c'aii the two
things be compared?" said Miss Ophelia. ' "Tlie.English laborer is not sold
traded,'parted-from his family, whipped."   yy Syy ' '■•   "' N i
"He is.as-much at, the will-of his
employer, as ..if he were snld to him.
The .slave-owner can*- whip his .refractory slave to death. THE CAPITALIST
• .    . i'y.yy    -        •' ,.
CAN-STARVE HIM TO DEATH.'. As
to family security", it* is hard ;to 'say
which is the,worst, to have, ones children sold, JOR SEE THEM STARVE TO*
DEATH AT.;HOME." • .- -, .".yy.
, "'But Jt's no kind of apology ior
slavery ""'to'.prove that It isn't worse
than,some 'other.bad thing.",, * -''"'_"■■>■''•
"I dfdn't give it for one;nay, I'll say,
besides, tliat ours is the'more bold-arid'
palpable infringement of Human rights,
actually, buying a man up" like, a- horse
—looking at his-teeth, cracking^hls
joints, and trying his^paces,' "arid 'then
paying down for. him,—having speculators, breeders, traders and brokers inhuman bodies and souls • —"sets' the
thing before the eyes,o£ the civilized
world in" a more"tangible form, though
the thing done, be, after all, IN ITS
NATURE!-THE,SAME; that is* appropriating, one set; of' human beings
, o the use and improvement of another,
without any regard to their own."   *   ,
"I never thought pf the. matter'.In
this light,", said' Miss Ophelia.',
"Well, I've travelled in England
some, and I've' looked over a good
many documents as to the state of
their lower classes, and I really think
there is no-denying, Alfred', when he
says that his slaves aro • better off
than a,large class of t the' population
of England."     ' *a    " ; '   -•     ■
.. "And what- do- you think will be
the end of,this?" said Miss Ophelia.
, "I don't know.- One thing.is certain—that there" is a mustering'among
the masses, the world over; and there
is a dies, irae coming 6n,„ sooner or
later. '' The same'thing is working .in
Europe, in England and'in this country." *       ' - A  -   ','.„ *      A,
WHO .ARE THE CHRISTIANS?
An extraordinary - situation " has" developed in Germany.,.'The federal. Socialistic trade unions, having a membership of over.2,000,000, have placed
it on record that they are opposed to
war with France-" or -any .other country, while" the Hirsch-Dupker organization? a so-called Christian labor organization,, claiming to have',100,000
members,. has", adopted resolutions
pledging itself Jto" support the govern-'
merit's war policy. .\ Now many", people are wondering who are Christians
and who are pagans. A ■   '       '
HOW ORGANIZED  LABOR  IS  RAIS-
',"    '      ING,THE',.STANDARD OF.
—;    *      .- ■ VVORKiNG'fvl AN        " "
Second Hand
WW   jrff"^   Jn^fk __0*h"__
otujOe
Victoria Ave, Fernie
All kiml*. of
Household  Furniture
Stoves, Tools, etc.
Bought and Sold
G. Radland   Fernie
FERNIE UNION DIRECTORY
Lizard Locnl General Teamsters No
141. Meets ovory Frldny night nt
8 p. m. Minora' Union Hnll. W.
A Wortblngtoii, Vroildcnt; 12. J,
flood, Secretary.
Bartenders' Local No. 514: Moots 2nd
and 111. Sundays nt 2.30 p.m. Sua.-
lury .1. A. Gouplll, 'Waldorf Hotel
Gladstone Local No. 2314 U. M. W. A.
ffrri .  n..."f  „,-,i   in,  T*" '•      i"
Union hnll,   Thru.. TTphlH, **!>.
Typographical Union No. 5S5" Meets
Inst Snturday In f>nch month nt th.-
I.odgf'r Offlco. A. J, Uticldny, flop,
relnry.
Local Ferme No. 17 ti, f, ot C. Meets
In Minora Union Hall every Sundn>
at 7.-.1* p.m. IfJvoryborly wolcomo. D.
Tnton, Secrotnry-TronBurer.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners.—Locnl 1220, D. J. Evans,
_,ro«M<.t.t. P. II. Shaw, S"crctaty.
ASSAYER
K*.    IV.    WITiT-OWRON', A*t»yer (tnd
OhMnlNt, Hn* O 1108, Nolnon, It. C.
Ohnrifi's:—Oolrt. flllv«r, T.«m1 or Coppftr,
11 erich. f]r.l(_»!.llvrr. or Hllvor-I-oml,
ll.SO. Prtceii for othor metAls; Conl,
rttntnt, Vlr*flnv Mnwlv*^» on aptitlm.
tlon, Thft ir.r«r»ot «u*»tom luiny office
in UrHlsh Colonbliu ,//„„_>
By. Rev.  Charles .Steizle.
It iS'doing it first.through the labor
press. Probably no Jorce is greater
in the.development* of thc cause, an:l
to no one feature is organized labor
more indebted than'to ther labor profs
rQf the country.. Wtih its record of
progress, its constant urging towan.
better"" things through active propaganda methods? its ■ lessons in technical", training, thus 'making of its
readers better workmen, its appeal to
better living, its earnest attention to
the family lifo and welfare—these are
some of'tho factors which make of
tho labor press a power for good.
Organized labor is raising the standards of working men by fighting tho
battles of all the people. It is carrying .with It even tho lowest and most
degraded, Every victory won for the
men and women at tlio top mennE n
higher level for those lower down.
While the trado unionist may, for a
tlmo, belong to tho aristocracy of labor, ho soon makes of that aristocracy
a democracy for all;
Organized labor, ls raising tho standards of working men by compelling
thorn to think rapidly and to- speak
clearly. Tlio trades union movement
has developed a company of speakers
who nro abundnntly nblo to pro3i<i.t
tho causo of tho tollors. This ls constantly being dorri'onfitrated at tho national meetings of labor bodies, whoro
statesmanship of tho .''ghost ordor Is
demanded, and whoro nomo of tho
addresser, would easily rank with tlio
bost that are dollvorod In tho con-
feroncoB nnd conventions of othur national bodlog.
Organized labor is raising the Btun-
(ImdH of working mon hy tlio odncn-
tlon of Its mombors In special mooting and lecture coursos, nnd In supplying spoclnl eoni'HOB of study. Ono
of tlio most significant movomonts in
this dlrontlon Is tho corrospondonco
courso sot up by tlio Intornatlonal
Typographical Union, intondod for
Journeymen nnd upprontlcoB, Tho
possibilities ln such work nro almost
llmltlosn and no doubt organized la-
bor In othor crafts will follow tlio ox-
nmplo of tlio printer..,'
Orgnnlzod labor Is rnlslni. thn'stnn-
.lords of working men by Amorlcnnlz-
.In fir-liii' more Jn ilil.i ■.!..<).<,_;, ,._•
cording to n recent report of tho United Stntos Commissi..!, of labor, tt
In   helping 'In   a   fight ngalnst tho
saloon, No tnattor whnt nmy ho Its
...i..i.. i.    ,    <,,. ,
cognize., tlmt llio snloon ns nn Institution Is an ovll, nnd its such, It In
bolng fought by organized working-
mon. It Is on lho nlort to olovnto, In
ovory wny posslblo, tho genornl welfare of thoso who nro henrlng (hn burdens of tho world's work. Its task
hns Just begun. Tlmro r*>mnlns jvt
much to Im? accomplished, but unquestionably It will rnpldly eliminate such
fofttnros as stand In the way of Its
highest development, nml push aft-
prosslvdj. for tho standards which
should be attained by every hon«sl
toller.
COSTLY CORSICAN VOTES"
1 •_» M i"_ __» t* <_>
to Millionaire .Candidates
The dsland'of Corsica, although a
part of the republic of France, is quite'
(liferent" in its»customs, from the re-,
public and never ^ceases to 'furnish
reading matter out of the ordinary for
the Parisian journals. - The Corsicans,
have, it appears, a 'decided penchant
for; millionaire candidates for the'
chamber of deputies and are always
ou the lookout for this admirable material. Yet there "is,', between them
and the .Millionaires n singular misapprehension. Tho islanders desire that
millionaires be candidates because of
the manna that falls upon their country' during an electoral'campaign, but
they do not desire to elect them.' As
for .tho millionaires, thoy nre perfectly-willing to Bproad the' manna, but
they'also w!sh,to bo elected.
"-recently," says a -Paris journal,
"ono • of, our most successful money
makers went to Corsica to visit his
futuro department. At his debarkation sovoral dozen of Corslcuns re-
celved him with 'hburrahs, and guns
wore fired, which down thoro ls tho
last word of enthusiasm. IIo undertook a tour of tho country. At each
vllllago Corslcnns, magnificent In local
color, acclaimed hliii and wakened tho
echoes with gunpowder,
"At tho third village, howovor, ho
lind something of a Boheallon. Ho
had a visit from n farmer who said to
him: 'Wo nro four brothers, all voters
ready to voto for you, Huy for mo
tho meadow tlmt Is'on lho other sldo
of,tho village nnd you linvo our votos,'
'"How much Ib this meadow?'
*"A trlflo, 12,000 francs.*
"After a tour of eight days tho millionaire cnlcnlntod that to pny for nil
tho votOH that had hcori offorod to
him would require 5,000,000 to 0,000,-
000 francs, And ovon after thnt ox-
ponillturo ho would not bo cortnln of
election.
"Ho withdrew from the cnnvnss but
ho had nlrondy expended somo hundrod thousand francs, of which his enthusiastic wolcotnors hnd their, full
share, * Thoy really would like to
havo him come ngnln,"
-THE STANDARD"
^ARTICLE-SOLD,
'"  EVERYWHERE'"'-
|VIII!!ll.llilll'l»lll!|o||||lra Ulllilili il;||,i;l
rpiiiiinakinSlsoaD'
spftenina-wateri
jIm .. Hill,nlUllllllHl   >fi tllHlli_llll]lu . Ill    iiii'iii "
drams'
|iiiitii|!ii|iinii!iii|iiji'.|inii|iiiiliii|i>iili!i:Mii|!iitii
InatiYipiheripumoses
ffiSSs!ffl
■>!»'i|lli
OET,
i
INER WINS
,v,7-7 ';   AA-- 7"? ,
il
COMPANY   -
. LIMITED
TORONTO.ONT.
srssmssssaa
******** k £A**A*1ck1rkirk1ckick*,
I Labor World
*   • ,    '"■ ■     .->'■* ■ .?• * *  5
Y^¥4*^V^"V^¥*^¥J|MM^¥¥*5
, Name on the voters' list?    .Know
how to use it when.it is there? . A   ,
■ '  ,     **,*   < ' . ■ - ^   -
. Force forged and riveted the chains
of economic slavery. -Fraud .teaches
the slave to hug them.—Regeneracion.
R. P., Pettipiece has forwarded'^his
resignation as I. T. U. representative
in Western' Canada "to "President Jas.*
M Lynch, a position-that-he has held
since 1907 • Pressure of duties of other offices held made it impossible for
Organizer Pettipiece to accept any fur?
ther assignments.  '    -'''-.
. *   * - *        ,    'V -      ".'
A union man who will"permit arty of
his wages, to be sent'to the T.^Eaion'
Co., Toronto, in the. face of .the firm's
attitude, towards"the locked out cloak?
makers, ought to be'compelled to .work
Peter Collins Succeeds
7ifl;WiJiniiigi0ut:iri7
:Anotli8r:;Gase;',;,/.
* Vancouver; April 20?—a verdict
of'$10,000 for the plaintiff y.as.'given
last evening In the" case of^PeteV Collins' against the Britannia Mining Com
pany. This^was an Increase of.$2,500
over a, verdict given in a-former trial.
The*accident occurred In.1910 and'the
first case was tried a'little less than a
year ago. At that time tho presiding
judge addressed the jury while.defendant's counsel was absent fromt tho'
court: Tho defendant'appealed, aad
on the ground named a new trial was
ordered by the Court of Appeal. This
time again-the .plaintiff was" sued for
$20,000. damages.;    '    '     -   ■ ' '
The second liearing lasted two days.
The appearance",of Collins" with-his
blinded eyes and crippled hand'being
led across the' court by ocunsel, or
friends," was pathetic, ■ He .was 'quite
firm- and"; unshaken in .his' account of
the accident,.which was the.result of
the*explosion, of some dynamite that
had been" left unexploded in a drillhole
and which he-was; sent, by the .'foreman to' fire 6f£again: Before'-he" could,
do.so, it exploded from the',,touch.of
his knife as, he" was scraping away
the'dirt. '        ■"   *-   '*,«"   .   „•■ -i A*    '-
QUESTIONS" ANSWERED
LIFE   INSURANCE   AND   '   ...
PHILANTHROPY
"Insurance ' companies .deliberately
make their form of.contract,unintelligible to the ordinary layman," declared 'Judge-Morson at Toronto in the
course of a .case ,in which the general ,c
agent of-a life assurarice'eompanj*; sued
for payment on a note., „    .'.'.?'
".In that way,' continued His Honor,
'they- can deceive/customers^ without
telling -an actual- untruth."", '' -
. The defendant repudiated' the note-
on the ground that lie'.had been induced fo-ins'ure by-j misrepresentation:
The agent who obtained his "insurance
, Do-7Socialist's   endorse   the'-ipubllo,  -
school- system?-- They,'.- emphatically... >
,dp.-,; The ^public 'school ;iVa socialized ■•-,.
school.*.;,' It • may .-be ii_^rfect.i»7de-"  -
tail, but *the'plan'Itself-.is: practical-   ■'
ly "perfect. Jf A-A. .-*;A" ?777'\7'     y
** '■.- A   --' '! A y*-'' ".-A- '"''.■■-■A? "s-*"'' ':
ADo* Socialists think'all-men "should?   >"
be paid alike;'-the man;:with,; the■>pick- ' *
the same wages as the lawyer or'doc-• -,.
tor? - J?Sociaiists "differ on^this proposl-.
tion".-, "Whatever a<majority of the peo-:  ''■'.
pie"inay, decide will prevail.",, ";'    '.  - - *
", ■" ,.-i_ ,*'    7', •   *- *   --    •'    ..'"-   / ',
, -> • ■' ■        .- <f - -    -. *        -,-"""
:Do Socialists believe, in   religious    v
liberty." to\the, extent that'- a*,   man"7 "
may belong to any churclrhe pleases   "•
or to none if he,,'sees best? 'They ....
certainly do.   Anytliing" less than that .
woultl be tyranny.   -       '.- '      '     .
" ,■*'*.'*.> I ■ ■ '      •
■>. If the ^Socialists   get   into.-, power-,
will the rich man have to divide'up-  -
with the .poor, giving a'way his property?" -The'plan of dividing up has
never been advocated   by,'Socialists.   .
Socialists .favor a system1 of   equity,-,
where exploitation is at.an end and-
not a divide-up system,
.,'•*•'*' ,■  -
. How will' Socialists' acquire' public *
utilities?     Nobody knows.   -'Circumstances" and the'will.'of the people will'
determine." ■ It" may be done in.either „.
of three .ways—first, puchase; second,
confiscation; "third, building competing"
utilities?     If.purchase is decided*on"^
the receipts of, the business wil pay'-, ,'
for all properties7 in 'about   fifteen,';-
years,-based'<*on the present profit,
leaving them'at the end-of that' timey?
paid for in the hands of the people,   r
.besides' being in^ good 'repair.-'.  Then "_
products" may be, given the people-at"?
actual cost.7     ,   > ? '    "''* '-,     ■■ '   <
What' do  Socialists .propose  doing
with '/the  capitalists  when  Socalism. ,
comes into power?   I flnd*.many who
argue that tliey will be compelled*'to.
go, to work.   If   the - capitalists" ° are "
paid for their investments they will   "
have enough money to live for many,',
years-without work, but they will.be ■
unable to reinvest it in such a way as
to exploit the people/' Either in their ,
o.vn lifetime or in the lifetime.of their
cheldreii, they will/ be   left • without'"
money.     They then. would; most?" as: * J
siiredly. have to go.tb.Avork.   Wouldn't"^"
that be too bad? - '-,."■
A SENSIBLE JUDGE
Geo, L, Mlllor, n tenmBler, rocontly
.*.«.  ulH.HlUUCIOIt | "'  ••«•  c.ii|.iojr  Oi   1(10  -.HIlUUIU.I  blUlilV
IluWirr Cd., i'ii.v!.'...:t*(. ituwuiil J..Ji,'.'-
Ics whilst nl work and siir-d tho <.*om-
pnny for dnmagog; After n lengthy
lionrlnff ho wnn nwnrded f2,400. Tho
dcfiindnnts nndonvored lo provo tlmt
goncc," nnd tho corporation lawyer"
contended tlmt It was Miller's duty to
hnvo directed tho foreman's attention
to tho dnngoroiis condition Of tho nrch.
wny for n mnn drlvlnj. undernonth,'
when the judge nnldr "Wns It fho duty
of Miller io can attention to nn ob-
vIoiih ilnmrc'r?" Thf Inwjwr thoiiBht
It w.-ik,
Ills Urdshlp: "And have (o get
another job.'
IM the urorVm hare a ifomnraent
of tho worlf»>r.i hy fh**» wnrlf^ri* for
tho workers. *
23^iblil7iT_*?^a^foi~$"37?5(rper week,';dr
niade to accept the conditions refused
"by the striking'girls in question, A" •
■,', *   *' * •   "7.
- ,An effort is'being made-in some
quarters to .get the' Trades and-TLa-
bor Congress mixed iri the Reid-Mc-'
Nulty Electrical Workers' fight. , If
the congress is wise in it's day and
generation it will keep severely out of
it, leaving trade affairs and disputes
to trade, organizations to settle. Legislatively the interests of the workers
are,Identical'and with such a1 body
there should.be no Interference with
its aflliatiohs, except In very rare
cases,* and for better reasons than 'are
apparent' at this \yrltlng. Let A. P.
of L, affairs and trade, disputes be
kept out of the congress, and let the
affiliated unionists of Canada stick to
their knitttrig.     ;
- *   *   *
So far aB Vancouvor ls concorned
there appears to bo no likelihood of
tho Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and JolnerB merging Into tho
Brotherhod of Carpenters and Joiners,
as ordered, by the A, F, of L. at its
Inst,convention. , But this much can
bo said: Tho both organizations are
working together on matters osaentlnl
and whonover Wngo scales or working
conditions aro up thoy aro discussed at
Joint meetings of tho membership of
both Carpenters' organizations. Just
what will really happen on the first
day of JuIy'lB a query that provldos
lnbor templo rag chewing, if tho A.
F. of L. roob through with Its mnndato
thoro will bo some groat old mlxupB In
tho local nnd Canadian organized labor movement. And this nt a tlmo
whon tho workors should bo concerned
with blggor things, If tholr own hides
are to bo conserved,
*   *   . "
Through ix.proBonta.lonB mndo to
tho fodornl Dopnrtmont of Labor and
protests made to TI. II. Stevens, M.P.,
for Vancouvor City Riding, by Vancouver Trades nnd Labor Council, the
appointment of W. II, Youhlll as Lnbor
Gnzetto correspondent lias boon cun«
colled, and Geo. W. Pnlmor, of tho
Tyno, Union, nnd chairman of tho central lnbor hody parliamentary com-
niitloo nnmod ns IiIb successor. The
government would not stand for tlje
adoption of tho principle of .lormlltlng
tno nppolntjnont to automatically,mil
'«* .--u .uuvwii} oi iiio respective ce!..
'".'il W. ,. \'.(U:h li.ivut.i.uut Ca.-i.n.u
bocnuso of the "well known projudlce
In favor of n certain political prepa-
gnnda" of somo of tho secretaries lu
question.     In plain words, somo of
_..v *,'„__._«!.! __,_*>>  ihKui.* j„v,<j tyhr,ri lit.
to placo unionists who happen to be
Socialists In tho offlco ond refuse to
oust them oveu to suit the reprosen-
tatlvcs of the Manufacturers' Association now In of Ico at Ottawa. It must
bo admitted, however, thnt Mm appoint
mont of Mr. Palmer will meet with
g(m*frnl raver bv nil n^nnfntM with
his brand spirit of fairness and nctlvl-
tyln tho locnl labor movement.
uemeu—inainiig- auy~ia_se" statements. "
,. "You go to customers solely .in,their
own interests?" His Honor asked. _. '"'
■ ""Yes," replied the/agent, "and the
judge immediately replied:    "'     .  _-
,' ','Uemember 5;ou are* under oath now.
You .cannot convince "me that."insurance ■ companies or their agents are
philanthropists. "-.You hadbetterthink
a little'before you answer questions or
you may find yourself.ln trouble.'' -.
NEW LABOR DAY FOR CANADIANS
Labor Day in Canada will this year
arrive much earlier in thc seasoirthan
it has dono heretofore, with the assistance of a resolution passed at,tho
meeting of tho Trades and Labor council,of Victoria-last night, the Idea being to havo tho dato of Labor's annual
celebration changed from its present
day to May 1; ns in Europo and England. In connection with .the ceremony arrangements will bo mado for
tho holding of a demonstration in
which nil the unions, together with
tho Socialist bodies nnd tho mombors
of tho.I. .W. W. will tako.part.—Vic-
toria Colonist.
LA8T CHANCE FOR FREE LAND
A roBorvatlon of fertile land Is now
open ln Mexico. Homesteads Free.
Only requirement, is to havo G acros
of bnnanns' planted within C yoars.
An authorized company will plant the
bnnnnns and market them on shnio*..
Your slinro should bring $200 per nero
annually.' Tho Jnnthn Plantation Co.
Illock 2001 Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S.A., dis-
tributo Mexican lnnd In tho U S, nnd
Canada. Wrlto for pnrUculnrs, You
need not go to "Mexico.
Tom Mnnn. the rocontly nrroBtod
syndicalist, hns been rolenscd on
$2,000 ball. IIo Is charged under a
statu to over ono hundred years old of
"folonloiMly Inducing trntorous practices in public speeches,' and cable
despatches stnto thnt lie wns compollod
to'Blgn a gunrnntoo that, pending tho
trial, ho would not repent his former
utterances.
How would. ,we approach'the mar- „
ket with,,a.;l)ale°of cotton under'   a'
Socialist? administration-'so as.to^get*
the full* value  of  it?     The? market ;-
would be approached precisely.-as-;it -■
1s^todriyyexcep^tirair^thyil^_t^^
be a government market owned bj. the.
whole people:   ■ No' individual being, -
able to make a p'rpfit out-of it,''the."
adjustment,so as.to give the, producer?'
his full social-product "would come as';,
inevitably as the  adjustment- comes
today in accord' "witlr a'*big„or little
crop;—Cotton's, '.■<'■'
What tho Canadian unions are up
against.can up seen from the figures
just, published by the immigration department. " In'11)1 J. thoro arrived In
Canada 351,59*5 Immigrants,, of. whom
141,835, or about 40 per'cent, camo
from Great' Britain and Ireland.' ■ Up?
to last December 125,399,had arrived
from'tho Stntos, and 72,478 camo from
the Europonn continent.
According to reliable reports, thp
Immigration- for tho present year Is
going to bo largely In excess of all'
previous records. Tho'compbtltlon for
jobH Is keen enough already, and tho
promised accession' to tho army, of
job huntorsjs not looked upon with'
extravagant joy by those already on
tho spot; in the'increasing proportion
co'mliig from tho British Isles, how-
evoWis a ray of hopo, for with a common- language and history lo holp
thorn,, tho' tusk of nBfllmllatlng tho
newcomers Into the unions will not
bo bo hard as lt othorwlso would bo.
Tho striking mlllmon ot Iloqulnm,
Wash., called by lho I. W. W, have, had
thplr domrmds conceded. Wages have
been lncroas<Jd from $1.80 and $2 per,,
to a minimum of $2,'_!5 por day; tho
best evidence possible that tho strikers
wero justified In tholr domanda. Tlio
strlko InBted nomo three months. Employees will bo composed of "whlto
men" only, horonftor, Mnyor (Ilov.)
Carry PorguEon, made tho following
statomont nt tlio eoncliiHlon of tho
settlement! " The citizens'.commlttoo, which cnrrlod shotguns, rifles
and other arms, noted barbarously, nnd
tholr actions have resulted In making
tho city llnblo to damage suits, and
hnvo not resulted In settling' tho,
Htrlko." This, of courso, after tho
strikers hnd won. Who said Might
makes Night?
SMlotib Gi/re
mWA^SftStSm'SSi
Capital Paid Up............... 8 2.P70.nai
Reserve nnd Undivided Profits........ 3,1500,000
Tmnl A««»*.n ii«wmh
    ».,.,. „, .„,,»
It Is not In lt|? powor to purchase that tho
greatest valuo of money lies. Tins feeling
of independence, nnd ot socurity ugalnst thc
effects of ndvorbo fortuno that a reierve fund
filvos you, is Infinitely moro satisfying than
tho passing gratification which yon woiiM
obtain by spending It,
Small amounts—which ynti will hardly
miss—dc-poslted regtilnrly, will irrftdualJy, but
surely accumulate to a sum large enounh to
insure agnlnst the effects of business reverses or lost of employment.
J. It, Sloan, Affvnt
-<,-
-Af,    ,-'
■j^jj"
i!
:yyh.y
____m___t^miat__________4_tm
n ^lu^^uif^naimt^Hti m^if
.^.■-^^a-rtit...-
■.__.^_.^_._i_i.Jtf»rt). i_____»_V______5W___«..iii___fct. *Oia__; t _ "
■" *V****i*w.iH_l IK <i .-. *,-•'
'f •.-:-.
'>*>5 .
yt-
-.a
>wr,     /'■"
i£'.
".'i>
0-
Bdware of
Imitations
Sold.on the
Merits pf
Minard's
Liniment
ft
MSGOlfiffl.
?;thk ;pis_fBipT ledger^ fernie, b. cVapril 27,1912.
■;, An eminent scientist;,tfiei'other day,
gave his* opinion-that the most'won*
• darful -discovery, of;recent"years wa3
.the discovery --of,- Zam-_?u_c.,7-. Just
.think!* As, soon .as. a .'single thin layer'
of. Zam-Buk'is applied to a wound or
a sore", such'injury is; insured against'
blood poison!,, Not''one, species-of
microbe has been found that Zam-Buk
does not kill! '.. ..* ,..,'-*' "*.
■' Then .again. ,'As soonas.Zain-Buk
is applied :to a* sore, or a cut,*or to
skin disease,"It?.stops the"'smarting.
That is why children are such friends
of Zam-Buk.- They care nothing, for
the. science of - the, thing. -All ,they
know 'is that Zam-Buk stops their
pain.,.'',,, Mo there =■" should never . forget
thia '',■>■.- -v . . -
/'•;'Ffench^A.y
ALCOOL1SME ET,'SOCIALISM E!
You're always welcome here ,
, Glean Rooms, Best of'
*,-.,."   Food and every '}'
^ /'"* ' attention ■'*.:. ~Xy.
-THOS. DUNCAN; yPassburg
this.
Again..-.As soon!as Zain-Buk'is applied to. a wound or* to a* diseased
•part, the cells beneath the skin's surface are so,   stimulated  ■ that- . new'
healthy tissue is quickly formed. Thia
forming;"of fresh, healthy tissue from
belowis Zam-Buk's secret'of healing.
The tissue thus formed is worked up
.to the surface, and literally casts off
the diseased tissue above it.   This is
why,,Zam-Buk cure., are'permanent.
-Only the other day Mr. Marsh, of"
.101 Delorimier Ave., Montreal, called
upon tho Zam-Buk Co.,and told them
■that for 'over  twenty-flvo  years he"
had been a-martyr .'to eczema.    His
hands were at- one time ,so covered
with sores that he-had to sleep in
gloves.   Four years ago, Zam-Buk was
introduced to him;v and in' a    few
months it cured" him.    To-day-Ajver
.three years afterihls cure'of a disease
he had for twenty-fivo- years—he is"
■ still, cured, and has had no trace of
any return of the eczema!  ,  ,    ■
All druggists sell, Zam-Buk at 50c.
box, or .we-will send free trial box If
.you send this advertisement and a lc.
.stamp,(to pay return postage).    Address Zam-Buk Co., Toronto.   "'"' •
L. E. McDonald
\-..y.  ' "horseshoeing     A   r
y GENERAL ~BLACKSM.THING
A   "'      and ■',»   i.
CARRIAGE   BUILDING
Express and  Delivery Wagons a
'     y Speciality    -"
Gbleniah
W.H. Murryl   Prop,
SHERIDAN LIVERY
Elkb.B.C.
As I am continuing my late husband's business, I would ask for the
continued patronago of all old custom'
erf, and.rd.pc-ctfully solicit the trade
ci all. *.       * .     • ,
Best of Rigs and Horses
J'hone No. 19
MRS. A. SHERIDAN,
**************************
|i*«; E W'l N?;Q' J
MACHINE   CO |
¥^***jmm^¥**y.^¥^*******
Feed
,Ce qu'il y a" de plus? grave-dans le
vote emis par la-Chambfe l^utfe"'jour
ce n'est pas-qu'elle ait rejete'iin pfojet
de loi qui tendait^de/.facon p*)us bu
moins "efficace a 'limiter 'ralcoo'lisme,
.c'est qu'elle ait meme'refus6*"deje dis-:
cuter.., C'est qu'elle7ait.marque'ainsi
sa repugnance a aborder'/leprobleme.
Dire "a priori," saris'exameb. serleux,
sans debat approfondi, queje-pullule-
ment des debitants'n'aide pas a la propagation de l'alcbolism que dans les "-agglomerations' ouvrieres ovi-'il y a,"'en
certains" quartiers" un -debitanA par
vingt'ou meme par. dix; habitants, il
n'y a pas la une cause' d'intensifica-
tlon du f leau, interdire la parole a ceux
qui auraient pu, par des amendements,
par (les contre-projetsj par des indications vigoureuses et nettes,   fortifier
des moyens" do** lutte proposes et en
formuler ou en suggerer d'autres'; c'est
anlmer singulierem'ent-. la .resistance
deja blen assez audacieuse de ceux qui
ont    interet    a    malntenir   on' ae
largir ' le , mal    et " qui,   cbmptent
BU",   'la   .distraction     de""  la     conscience piiblique incapable de's'appli-
quer longtemps a un objet meme vital
et dgcouragee par le lamentable Schec
des. premieres tentatives."    Volla   le
peril.   .Volla le mal qui,a ete fait'et
qu'll est urgent de reparer pour la
sante morale et physique de notre nation, pour Ie developpement .normal du
proletariat, pour' l'honneur et le s'alut
du Socialisms   A -   ,.,
.  Ah!- je comprerids qu'on se-desin-
teresse des solution's proposeeset. qu'on se refuse a affronter les difficultes'
et les danger's du, combat contre l'al-
coolisme si l'on crqit, comme le.disent
quelques-uns de nos amis, les uns bru-
talement, les autres avec quelques' at
tenuationset' hesitations, que.l'alcool-
isme est inseparable  du' capitallsme,"
qu'il ne peufpreridre fin ou meme etre
serieusement "combattu que quand le
capitalism© tout entier aura perj. '  A
quoi bon appeier siir-soi et sur" son
parti1 la colere'des marchands d'alcool,
petits ou->grands,- des- fabricants   et
marchands d'absinthe petits'ou grands,
des multiples inventeurs et prop'aga-
teurs de poisons.yaries, a quoi*bon tout
cela Si, ie proletariat' est'?fatalen_ent
vouve, jusqu'a-l'heurefglorieuse de la
revolution sociale; a toutes les mise-
res, a' toutes les "tares, a toutes.les
ignorances,.a,toutes les nevroses, a
toutes-les entreprisps', d'exploitati'on,
d'empoisonnement' -" et-   d'affolement?*
On nous dit au' fond? a propos de I'al-
coolisme comme a-propos de tous, les
problemes. de 'toutfia "las ..m.■,.,>;,? a>
\s Iiialiarif;-"^*;
LO   SCIOPERO. SCONGIURATO
II temuto sciopero generale .nei dis-
tretti del carbone.^bituminoso ; degli
tati Uniti, e. stato, scongiurato e per
altri due anni la pace e .assicurata "fra
capitale e lavoro..
I' minatori, a  grande ,maggioranza
hanno accettato le' offerte fatte   dai
baroni del carbone,ai loro rapresent-,
anti a Cleveland, Ohio? . Fra lo offerte vl e compreso'im aumento di salario
c_ie,va dal ipinque al diec.e per cento."
-,: Oltre 200 mila minatori'fra qualche'
giorno daranno. nuoyamente di mano
alle pale ed al piccone, tornando neg-
li bscuri antri dove viene estratto il
nero diamante. '
y I capitalisti hanno dovuto cedere;
hanno dovuto "inchlnarsi alle legloni
dei fortl e baldi minatori. II lavoro
ha trlonfato una volta ancora sul capitale. Perche? I minatori si sono
dimostratl fer'ml, risolutl nelle' loro'
domande: *" avevano fatto capire che
non scherzavano.'che erano conscl dei
loro diritti, cho sapevano di essere
dal lato delle glustizia.  -    '
E hanno vinto. I padroni _ delle
mlniere, considerando la grave res-
pou'sabllita a cui sarebbero andati in-
contro verso'la nazione se fosse scoppiato lo sciopero generale,' hanno cedu-
to alle domande dei minatori ed "hanno
concesso loro il chiesto aumento di
salarlo, firmandd i contrattl per altri
due anni."     ,,-'-'
Si tratta di un'altra vittoria operaia,
alia quale ne seguiranno altre ancora,
Piu important!, e, fulgide, se, minatori
rimarranno sempre uniti e concordi,
se si stringe'ranno, maggiormente in
un vincolo diJfratellanza e d'unione.
E-allora trionfera.'n diritto ed assis-
teremo giubilanti*ai general! funerali
deH'inglustizia sociale e dello sfrut-
tamento. , '
data da uno sciopero generale dTte?
rovieri/^he scoppiera il primo del'
prossimo Maggio se rion ve'rranno au-
mentati i loro salari e se non verranno
concessi loro altri miglioramenti.
"-'•    7      '        *   *   * ■   - .
' Continue ad Aberdeen, "Wash., lo
sciopero degli addetti alle segherie di
quella citta, e undid di esse sono state
chiuse,. .La situazione e gravissinia
e si temono dei serii disordini, perche
la.polizia infierisce in modo vergogiio-'
so contro gli scioperanti.
PAGE KINE
Slavonian
BESIDKA
■-  , Poucny   Priklad'
UNA RIVOLTA Dl STUDENTI
♦ ♦♦««, 4» <0- ^ -«» ^_ <r> «. <».
J.Fepme Dairy
KJIKSJI. MILK
(lolivei'cil to all
parts of- tho town
.
i
and Sale Stables
First class Horsei. for Sale.
„ *i
Buys Horses_on Commlslon
George Barton,   Phone 78
<v«»f9a^(ffi<s.(_»ffi_>«»«t)<a_k(___t>(Q»
60' YEARS'
.EXPERIENCE
ATENTS
■#.*.V:''-V    '.,.   '.f
Trade Marks
DE8I0N8
POPVniQHTB &C.
Sanders &  Verhaest   Brothers.
Proprietors *
For Sale
nnUIlAIUl nOOT8-$j.B0 per doz.
Cnbbai.0 I'limts, CO contB por loo
(ready Mny 10th)	
Also Vj aero lot. $150.00; ternifl.
Apply, John McLnelileii, West Pernio.
31—"It
«.'f}?!?!'_,ni?_!_7,J,,in* * ■katqliMid^rto»crln(inn maj
^^^PrMt!iJtSSPP}!)M..tltaajiboiUoraii
■ tlongotrlot;
•ontrroa,
gg^SK
Communion.
rooolv*
Wjwiiotlct, without oTmrao, Intlio
Scientific jfitierfcatt.
I mndioinolr illuitratodwookl*.. Lnruott ell-
- Hob of b,u» (.lamina Jiiurnu.,   'j-urini tor
A hnndioiiiolj' Uiu .tntail w<tMy. tniuoti oil*
jnl»tjoB,of ,f.u._ iclonunaitiatiM..
ijnpvili
S. m V 8U WMWnSwaf J.O,f ■
Hrltlsli Columbia Podorntlon of I.a-
bor Convention cudorHed tho prlnclplo
of collect I vo ownership of tho moans
of production and distribution. Of
tho 80 dologafos in tho convention OS
woro avowed Socialists. Cnnucks aro
moving fnsl.-i-ClovolniKl Cillzon,
Keep on Advertising
List of Locals District 18
.31
949
action," que jusqii'a Theure benie, jus-
qu'a la minute trioinphante ou le social
lisme tout entier'ecla'tera sur le monde
ii* n'y a rien a faire pour les-travallleurs,. rien de serieux, d'utlle, de sincere, rien qui ne soit aussltot retourne
contre eux, rien qui n'aggrave leur im-
puissance, leur misere et leurs tene-
bres: II n'y a qu'a* attendre en excitant chez eux, dans la nuit toujours
epaisse, l'apre desir de lalumloro sou-
daine et totalo.. ,Ou si, pour tromper
l'ennul de l'attente, pour amuser les
esperances subalternes', on fait quel-
.quo slmulacre do reforme', quelque
gostb. vain d'actloh llusolre, 11 faut blen
sa'volr, et il faut lais'ser entendre aux
initios, qu'll n'y a ln, en effet, quo slm-
macro Illusion;', manege a peine cap--
tleux pour sedulre et rettenir la partlb
onfantlno do 1'nmes des foules. Et
sl.pnr ,avonturo quelqu'un do cos gos-
tcs vnlns risque d'effarouchor.des re-
cruteurs oloetoraux, co sorait un crime
contro le proletariat de troubler, par
nu effort sterile do roformo Impuis-
sanlo, Ie triivnll d'accumulationrtarith-
mollquo des suffrages qui seul a do
lajValour.
Volla co qui est au fond do cortnln-'
os piuptei., Voiln lo Hens do cortnln-
es attitudes: ot 1'nctlon socialisto sora
tttlonnanto ot contrndlcloiro taut quo
lo Parti Socialisto ot. lo proletariat n'
auront pas dlscutd cetto doctrlno d'ln-
nctlon fondnmentnle, tnnt qu'ils no so
domnndoront pas nottomont, courn-
goiiBomont, co qu'ogt, co quo pout otro
In revolution soclnlo, si olio est l'ox-
Plosion solidnlno do la lumioro liberat-
rlco sur des mnssos Hvroos jtiBfjuo la
sans dflfonso ot snns rosorvo u tons log
•fll'fots mourtrlors du cnpllullsmo, ou si
olio est la conclusion mngnlflquo, l'or.
Ronlrotlon flnalo ot l'nrliovomont sys-
lomatlquo d'of.orts nultlplca.' Incos-
wintB. totijouru phm imrdls ct plus of-
flfiiicoB, par losqucls lo prolotarlut aura
neeni sa liberie, m coiih«Ioih;o, Hll ju.
micro, «n «niito phyBlqno ot tnonilo,
son lolslr do reparation ot do culture,
Hn Hocurlto soeinlo, mi participation of.
foutlvo mix lloini do Ja civilisation.
DniiB In piomloro concoptlon.ln lut-
te contro ralcoollgmf, contro l'lgnor-
nnco', contro do logetnont Insalubro et
sordldo, contro In Journoo do travnll
domonirpo contro Jc»' plies oxcos do
roxplollallon capitalisto, tut cola n'ost
"."fl bngntullcH,' nmusotfos, diversion
compltilsnnco do tnodocln phllosopho
Per un.arresto'arbitrario di un loro
compagno, tre mila studenti di' Valparaiso, Ind., l'altro giorno fecero'un'-
imponente dim'ostrazione contro,la po-
lizia, e quando questa tento di reogire*,
nacque unL grave conflitto durante il*
quale' furono sparali centinaia'di colpi. • J"(oltefinestre andarono'in'fran-
tnmi e.m'olfe persone restarono ferlte.
Furono. operati numerosi arresti.--"
CRONACHETTA OPERAIA
- Continu'a" iii molte parti nel Nord
Colorado' lo sciopero dei minatorl. - '
I tes'sitori*-di' Passaic,- N. J„ sono!
torriati a'lavoro, essendo stato concesso'loro un" aumento di mercede.
*'*r*'      --j
Gli opera! dell'arsenale.di -Sheffield,
Inghilterra, si sono niossi in sciopero,
per ottenere.un aumento dl paga.
,',    *■ **   *
State ldntanl da quelle mlniere, op-
oral .Italian!, se non volete tradlro -la
causa del vostri compagni di lavoro!—
L'Unlone.'
*>1     _. * '
•     *t *    *        ■ ,;
Dopo, urio sciopero di pochi giorni,
I falegnaml di Chicago sono tornatl a
lavoro, avendo ottenuto II chiesto an-
mento dl paga.
/ *   *   *
II minatoro Frank Lester e rimnsto
ucciso bonerci scorso nella ' minora
di Cokevnle, slluata nol dintornl dl
Trinidad, Colo.
* *   *'
Per divergence sorto colln compng.
nia, MOB mlnatorl che lavornvnno nolla mlniora "Capitol," vlcino a nouldor,
Colo., si sono mossl ln sciopero,
II minatoro Victor Nevy giorni or
sono pordotto lavita nolla miniera dl
Conlgato, Okla,, dovo rlmnso orribll-
monte sfrncollato da un enormo ninsso
dl carbono.
* .   *
E' comlnclata nn'ntllva 'enmpngna
por orgonlzzttve tutti gli nddottl al boi--
vlzlo dolla ferrovlo ol sud od nll'ovost
dl Chicago, in numero dl ollro 100
rn iin.
* *   .
La Colorado Fuel and iron Co,, ha
dollborato dl iiprlro un nuovo pozzo
nolla mlnlern dl Rndlnnt, Colo. Quoh-
to pozzo, cho dlfltorn m'ozzo mlgllo o
mezzo nl sud di llockvalo, Colo., nvra
turn prolondltn dl 100 inotrl,
0   *   ♦   .
I IcHsltorl dl Lowell, Mass., n inozzo
del loro cnpl, linnno fnltn snporo nl
Padroni dollo rilniulo dl quolla cltiu
cho nono prnnll nd nccottaro I'numon-
lo dl jinga dol plpcl por rotito offorto
loro,
Nedavno Cetl jsem v" Klerikalnich lis-
tech-zpravy o,.cest8 ceskych katoliku
do francouzslt'ych Lurd, k tamnejsi
zazradn^ (pry) sogce Panny Marie, a
jak tam odvezji - 30,000 korun na ces-
kou kapli.
,V. spoustfi nadgeiieho - vychvalovani
kmltalo se: „__as a nas jedna osoba
znzrakem byla uzdravena", a lid to pri-
jal's nadgen'ym jasotem a • volanim
„Hasanna!" ■- " 7' ■
Nezapiram, 2e m5-to"interesovalo;
povazte jen, co mame.nezdravdho lidu
v nemocnicich, mafne,se-modIicich za
sv6 ".yyieeeni a predCasne hynoucich
neduZivcu. Kdyby bylo moZno leCiti
tak t'^zce nemocna-tela pomoci 'zaz?
raku—tot by bylo^ulehCcnim mnohym
utrapam a'pak, ty lironzo naklady na
nemoce by pSknS odpadly.   7   > -
Ze se u nas na Svate Hore.'nedeji
Sadrid zazraky, tb'je jisto, tim">e ani
poCestny organ mnichu svatohorsky-
ch nechlubi/ My Ce§i mame od t6ch'
novodobychj zazraku \pri te francbuz-
ske konkurenci aspon - pokoj. Lid6,
kdyg dali voskovou obetinu, Cekaji rXk
zazrak doma? kdeZto v Lurdech ma se
stat.namist6.- .'-* Jsou-li cesti' poutnic-
kove u nas' sklamani, veri tomu, ze"
venovana obetina "(ktera putuje pak
znovu do.kseftu, aby se zasejinemu
poutnicku draze> prodavala) uemela
ucinek, proto2e ., obgtnik ' ma' dosiid
t5zkd hrichy. ktere pry srayje jen'rad-,
nymi pen6zitynii* dary do bezedud kla-
Sterni pokladny. ■ A prolo v Pribrami
na zazraky* lid6 nie neda.I, polrebuji-'
li, v nemoci t pomoc, pravidelne jedou
na praZskbu kliniku a neCaji zadneho
zazraku'od modleni. • •
" Jinak je tomu v Lurdech, kde zazra-
cna'soska.nema-dstatko na nice, kde
postava jeji je trochu"um6!e"_l(.ji a lad-
nej! kreslena nez svathorska. Tam
pry'se dejl velike zazraky a die drya5-
nickych popisu v klerikalnich listech—
neni.dne' ant hodiny, aby nSktery
mrzak nezajasal nad svvm v'vteffnTii^
telnych nembe'i, a nabozni'panovnici
TOlajl *z republiky Svycarslie—prbfeso-
ry vSdy KSkarske, aby svm rozumen
vylecili jich dit&--a' naprosto neveri
tomu, -_:e by. se mohl stati zazrak v
Lurdech, Maria-Zell, CzenstochbvS ane-
bo an SvatS Hore. *
-Proto jedeprofesor dr. Raymond ko.
lem Lurd pres vysoke Pyrenee do nad-'
hernych1 kraju Andalusie, kde na nek-
terdm zamedku bude lecit uboheho
kralovskdho ho§ika,'jemuZ ani papeZ
zdravi nevymddll. -
' Nemdli'-by si z tohotb obrazku vziti
prosti lide vzor a prestat take'Veiit y
zazrafinoumoc tohofii onoho poutniho
mista?   .
canaries in'Mines
THE VALUE OF COMMISSIONS >
■ A number of scientific men are asking that a commission be established
to Inquire into the cause of the unemployed. Such scientific men must
have some relatives or friends to
whom they feel under obligations and
aro anxious that a commission of inquiry be established in order that such
relatives or friends might secure a
place on the commission.   "
Any man or woman gifted with average Intelligence,knows the cause of
unemployment.
- The owners of mines, mills and factories do,not need the labor of those
who are Idle. ■ "•>   ,     *
The warehouses are. filled with the*
product of labor, and until the congested warehouses are relieved of tlie products of labor, there -will be but little
chance * for employment. • Again,^ the
productive-capacity'of the machine is
greater than ever before, "and its ever-
increasing productive capacity is con-
tinually adding tb the idle army..
The genius of man is perfecting the
machines of production .and distribution, and as perfection ^production
and-"distribution increase's the, less
wage slaves are required to supply the
markets bf the world. .,
If the machines of production"'and
distribution were collectively owned by
all the people, and' utilized for the use
and benefit of the human race, instead
of being operated for " profit, .there
would be no.unemployedproblem.'
As long as the few own the jobs,
.through-the private ownership of the
„tooIs. which the m__ny must use in order to earn the means of life, there will
remain the cause for the unemployed.
—Jliners' Journal.-*.'     .
About fifteen years ago, Dr. John
Scott Haldane, who had studied con-,
ditions in Cornish collieries, suggested
that canaries could be used to advantage for,detecting poisonous- gases."
These delicate birds are very suseep-
ibtle to impure atmosphere; and can,,
thus be used to give-a warning'before.
a man feels the slightest discomfort.
The first test of canaries in a real
mine.disasteV .in this7cou'ntry took
place in the Cross Mountain mine explosion at Briceville, Tenn,- Here the
government rescuers,' equipped, with
oxygen-making machines upon their
backs and carrying caged canaries,-
were followed by squads of unprotected-volunteer rescuers. Tho birds
were , watched, and as - long "as
they remained cheerful all was well,
but when their wings began to droop -*
and they gasped for breath it was
known tliat the men without oxygen
machined must venture no farther.
The canaries drew the lino of safety
and as a result no volunteer rescuers
were exposed to the dangers'of afterdamp?—Scientific American.
-V. Madridu 'je - nadherny kralovsky,
zamek,,v n6n___o21Je neStastna* pa'iiov-
nicka rodina. .* Spanelove "ji stale'vy-
hani ze .zeme . a- korumovana hlava
drZi se zuby nehty 'trunu, opreneho o
poslendi zbytky klerikalnl moci.'*'
Po roce',1873, kdy;"prohlai_ena byla v
teto zemiVrepublika, zvollli si' Spanelove Alfonse XII., syna vypuzenor 1808
kralovny Ysabeily. ■ Po jeho smrtl via?
dla jmenem'nezletildho syna, ktenSho
novlny .poplsovaly jako ohnvu, Marie
Kristina. Roku 1902. nastoupil tento
Alfonse XIII., ktery so ozenil s nabo-
znou prlnceznbu a jeho jedlnd prani
bylo, ne to,','aby SpayClsko bylo zeml
nejsppradanGjSl, alo nby so mu naro-
dil prlnc, dedlc trunu.
" Kdyg dozvbdel so, Zo budo mit poto-
mkn, cole dny a nocl proklecol v mod-
litbach, aby to byl prlnc & no prince*
na.    Vic noZadal.
A opravdiy za ohromndho jasanl
klorlkalnlho dvora so prlnc nnrodil.
ArclblBkun-JeJ l.rt.1, pnpoz bo modlll
za jeho zdravi. , Prlnc prvy role rostl,
papnl, nlo—neniliivll. Drnliy role znso
pnpnl n noiuluvll—po dvore bylo z
toho zdegcnl—(a po strain, posklobky)
—trotl rok soznano, Zo prlnc jo liluch-
ondmy,
Urozno nofitdHtl—hroznd proto, Zo
clovek? laery nui vy'ltoimt hv6 poslnnl,
jo prlrodomo dsbrojen stojnd — at Jo
C'hudym nobo bolincom, nlo my obyco-
Jul Binrtelnlci jfmic na tnkovd hrozuo
rany jlZ colkom zvykll-jinnkjo'tam.
kdo na tukovelio uboSnkn ceka ,.povln-
nost"—poroufiot n rozhodovnt o osu-
doeli nnrodn! i;
THE WHOLE-TRUTH AND     :
NOTHING.EJUT THE TRUTH
The Sackville Tribune in Its' current'
issue has'aii interesting article entitled
"Unique Logic' from which' we extract' -
an interesting'paragraph as follows:—
* A preacher came at a newspaper-
man'in this way:   "You editors'do not •
tell the truth.     If you did, you'.could
not live, your, newspaper' would'!*bo a ■
failure.'-"     The editor replied:     ■
"You are right, and the minister who _■
will at all times and under all circumstances tell the whole* truth.about his
'members, alive or dead, will not occupy
his pulpit more than one Sunday, and  ?
then hb will find It necessary to leave
town in a hurry.     The press and the' '
pulpit go hand in hand with, white- '
wash   brushes, and   pleasant -words,
magnifying little virtues,'into big ones!
The pulpit,'pen, and the,grave stone'
are tho great saint making triumvir-'
ate." , The great minister went away   ,'
looking very thoughtful, while the,cd_-7/'
tor turned to his work, and told of "the    *
unsurpassing beauty of'the bride? while A'
in fact she was as homely as a mud
fence.. '   ' „ .      r'-
A SOCIALIST PRESS CLUB
A Socialist Press Club,* the object of
=-lvlllnTiJ.«rl11_=V
'"-"u-uie-improvcmenroniie
Socialist press-in the United States bv
the obtaining of superior drawings and
manuscripts from the best artistsand
writers in the country who are ln svm-
pathy with Socialism has been found
in New York. The club will-also give
dinners and'public meetings to which
prominent .speakers will be invited! ■
., At the meeting about fifty, members
were elected from the Socialist writers and artists in the coun try,. Charles
Edward Russell being elected president" of the organization, Dr. Robinson, vice-president, and' 13. Russell
Herts (editor The International), chair
man of the Executive Committee.   ,
Facts provo that, other things being equal wngos in tradCB - In which
thoro aro strong unions nro likely to
bo higher,than those in which there
nro not.—Professor, Marshall.
THEATRICAL STRIKE
LONDON, April ,23. - Sir   Herbert
Tree, the manager of His,' Majesty's -'
Theatre, recently gave notice ,to seven ...
eniplo__£es.__th___offip.lniK_/.._iti./___aL~A____
—• >— —- ■*—w*—mv.-uioga—=—
Hands' Union, "that they must-'decide  ':
between remaining members of their,
trade  union   and   continuing'in .his'-,"
service.     The employees, decided' to *
stick to {heir union, and consequently-   *
were1 compelled'to leave their positions.     Then tho Theatrical .Employ-,  ■'
cos'  Association   called  out  all   the
other employees.     Following   this   a
meeting of the Employees,' Association wns held under the chairmanship
or.C. W. nowermnn, M.P., and a resolution wns passed demanding a mini- "
mum wago of 2s. Cd, per performance
at all "West End theatres, nnd also declaring that Increases In pay should
bo given 'to all places of amusement 'in   '
the Metropolitan area
SMIohh Gure
stops eouans :.'5?__.T_'5E.s.f
of CANADA
Begin
His Education
Early
Mlly fsieiinr by myslol, Ze—uznvru
knpltolu into lira, f.o poveilu joj k Lurd-
fikd Kamtcni. soi-ira u dovoilln,, Ze turn
nnliolna rodina Itrnlo BpniiMskfliu hio-1 „
(lain pomoci pro svdho noholiolio syn- • "Cad
Itn, kli.ii.ho until jo |ni.n ^lov."*kii llio, | Office
nlo ktory nema nnfiu Hvnipntlo jako !     '«
bmloiicl vlndnr 8|innMRkii, :<)' F' MACDONALD, Manager.
N'c—tiim   noinijiloiii.iiiy   piyfKun H| I  '___
zprnvn r novln-jnk mn byll kralovl.. |
bez ziizniliii vylocori, PIhI;
..Svycnrsky   mlliornlk dr. Ilnymoiid,
profrsor kkarrkc fnkulty vo Krcihurku
loach your young son to appreciate tho usefulness of a bank. Open a savings account for
'him by making a deposit ol' ono dollar in his name.
Give him tho passbook and explain how intorest is
paid, or compounded nnd added to principal. JSn-
coimigo him to save his money and bring it to the
bunk. Tho youth who learns' to save early has a
great advantage over the young men who carry
their earnings around in tlieir pockets and spend
it carelessly.
TORONTO
tn
*3mii<l:..<j mid connections
iliroiifjhout Cnnndn
Fcniio Branch.
Ln   compngnla   ferrovlnrln "ncriviM-'pril.yl do Mndri.i .. m.'  *    /.    ,	
«», «. Or...., ,,„„, ,„,„„,„,„ ^^^"£££2i
da uno sciopero dol suol ferrovlerl, hn
row moo loro 1'aumcnt.o dl »nlailu ,\a  oXo'i
CHDl ChlfiHtO,
i,i,,,v
I mnechlnlBfl <!<>llo fit) prlnnlnnll Hn(»r.
^ S" ..iTn T"* TU imi°' aUaU01 ' ?"° 'n"n° " MTVW0 n,,'E"1 dl Cl"««m ' »»«-1- ' vHo^n
mal     ul  In^t??*^T°*T' ^J^V\l^m^^^\^rmnil k pro
mnls quo l'on salt Incurable, sauf par
Io mlraclo soudaln do h r«nov»tlon
totnle. Dnns la socondo concoptlon,
""vcon,ni,ro»* 1'iirllon contlnuo a'una
" cvr. .v:.v Cjy,L_w ',a..5wt, •va'iwir _l's.-
logement immodlat aux plroi souirrnn.
ces dos opprlmos, valour de propara-
tlon rvolutlonnalro, par lo surcrolt do
clarto ot do forco donno a Ia classo
Qui rovondlquo, et qui dlrlgo ellomomo
lot choios vors iin ordr« nnnvMii
AJors, pour IiautMr d'un dcgTo les
conditions <_« vl» *-. fin r^MC(. du pm-
leiralaf. II vatit la j«,ir.« do s'oxposor
n In revolt* immediate des fo«*« M».
wtaJ»e» !tnm(rdlat«m«nt »n«nacw».
j CVsat do co point tit, vue r,n« JVx-
! amlr>«ral. a ufttun. ^ u fcmle &$
NAME 8EC. and P. O. ADDRE88
Bankhoad P, Whoatloy, nnnkliond, Altn.
Tlonvw DrMk  T» nnn^-htn-n  r>r,B„,.. p...,.   ,i   m   >
HoIIovuo J. nurltfl, T.MI*>vup, Vmr,.?, Mtn.
lUairmoro  n, J. Chaso, ninlrmoro, Attn.
,,,,^In, Jos, Dorbyshlro, Ilurmls, Alta.
2,J5„ <Lft^on,!a,<) J« Lon»borry. Carbondalo, Coloman, Alta.
1387   Canmoro N. D. Thaohnk, Cnnmoro, Altn.
2(123   Coloman W. Orahnm. fin,™**  mm
S677   Corbln    R, Jonos, Corbln, a c.
1128   Chinook Mines .... P. Klolly, Dlnmond City, Alta.
2178   Dlntnond City Albert Znk, "Dlnmond City, Letbbrldto
8314   Kornlo Thos. Uphill, Fornlo. II. tt
"12(13 Vrnnk O. Nlcol. Pwnk, Altn.
841.7..Hosmer W, Dolderatone, Hosmer, B. C.
1-138   Hlttcrcat , jr, <). Junes, Hillcrest, Altn,
JI! Wffry.*'~\\"iU Mftoro'  M«'8,vtwnth St., North ^thbrldso.
H80   LcHiIkUku Cum»..l_.%. Knnlc -MaTinnham, *««., vln., Klpp, Alia.
12S3   Lille , \v. h. Evans, Lille, prank, Alta
^820   Mnple L«if S. Parker, Mapj<_ Uii, ncjjeTue. Alts.
J3.1.   Mlrt.f.1  T»f. nurrell, Michel, B. a
14   Monarch Mlno 8. Moorcroft,"Monarch MJno. Taber, Alta
»02   Taber J.  Cooper, T«.W, AUn. \l:**    ""^  »«l«»«»«n«.-rJ*M *   •   *
I ' •   l/lnuhiin-rra e naor.tm<.nift m|r,4fv
* i
sh'ii.     liloliou jeho Jo pokrnrovnll v
trovmil liliiflionflmOho nymi liralov-
Hkych  mnnlclii   ApnnMnkyrli'  liifiiiiiii ■
Jnlmn.    ,.Mn|y prlnc jest bIco uplnfl \
' .>, u.t, jvti litf  JjtiiM-JO, Zo ,
Kniiri-tn  t..,.;yyy'
ronl. dlchlaramlo cho _o non vorra con-idii'voru mZt ("nvmo,,,,01vl n?v,iI'
miimmwmmssm
Dr, Kelley Cures
Diseases of Men
By Modern Methods
Hpeelal trrmtm/'tti
II1UUU
Poison
for oilier illccnKiK   of   im-ti
e**to\ loro un anmento ill salarlo, pro-
clanioratmo lo scloivoro gonornlo.
*   ♦   *
A .'kdki « stino proclamnto io SC|o-
poro jtoncralo d<i| jtuldatort dl auto-
moblll. Uno dl ossl vencrdl scorso
lanrlo una bninba contro nn'nulomo-
bllo Ruldata da un crumlro, cho rosto
mortnlmcnto^crllo nsilemo a pnrecchl
pni«i.f». La. mnrrhtna ftttvlo tllt.tr.ii.
tn.
<'Ot\t\tVlA   pill
so stav Jojlrh »yna Rnntr-.tx. slopfill.
nnd to pnk h© nui pndnrllo vyl.fcltl
Vlrrr; KM-
VmAtatUA    Allnirnli.
t'tuullllui.a.
^.■i... . ,i
_   *    , .   M.
Tak vlda. Ccclin«hovd Jozdl do Lurd
pro usrnCnA- vy|«<|onl »vych novyhojl-
Dcnfncsai Cannot Bo Cured
accanlto dn.  tnnl loi
l.v )•.«■ (H'i'ii*»tl«i"». »i tin-/ ritmot riiwli a*
,:s^,_.. |.,ni,.n t,t tit. Mr. Tvr« I* ».»ilj* <>i,.
. pr»>"i'^.litfnj«i, imlthMtt t,. c.«i_ii.tii|..i.
*'. , .    ..   . I', jfii.i-  U i.un'il |i>  hii li.'.Li,..4
utlm*ro del r<irrovl«rl mill* Uw»iU t-'ti.' V^WiX^''.^r^rS.:^'i
Unci. Contrsl" ^  "Hsrrlman... ' GllliryTiy^i^T:!^^^^^
ut.l,.. ti*- lriSi.i£ti.jii|<>ii f»a »«. 1t\f„ ,«,, s,,,|
IbL l-.l«-f»l.|»<l  |.» IU  >.ftri»i,|rrvtiillrl„n, l.nr-
sdorwrantl sono risobiti nd ottencro In
-.it.oris, .. I'ott^rrsnno, iwrcbo la ros-
tiinn. \n *w.lJil*»i__tii « Vuttlontt
•ono
tfii «!il ti- <t> *lr<ifa tumttti tilft* r»«r« ml nt '
lm  »« <JJ»... IVlilUr?).,  wttlH,  I. »,ftlh<Mf JliU
III   i    ■'    '   "
V ** «
, { I'  -
...', I I
l*t«. ft,
( silt*- .ir.« Ilnrktrwl IHUr. r^nvn..
I'. ' ■ ( ttiftU Cut*.   «*,,<! i.t tmt- <
I
-
i-   i  ' ttr.sr.v II CO., T«l.+», (I.
.M! I-.   I-,.',-'«'*, TV*,
»,.  u,-. . __a.__y |-,S#'(,t w«it;<;i,a.
■»r. HHdilrr mui Ktt'inl UUi.r.lrr.,    He,    nml
I ro*.nfr ..lttn.1 luriiimiiiniloii, (lid C'lirunlii Com
3Mui.*_.uii* of Anatomy
In IM. firm I Miunim Ih Hhown   hy  ||f,t  ni/„   modeln,   mon«tro*itlf„
tnntlltf fully l.i.il, «H.(r nml rUnrntv ilUcnur*. of mrn.
«% SSf® ConsuItatIon and Advice
AWriiST       '      '"' hX*'V,Si> ««'-*WA*Ti:HH  VVM.M   AV  MOIIIOIU
l'rri>    llinmlnnilon    «f    t'rlui.
u *.. ,o h „.*., >„n«»,., ,oV;: siV2"",,,,,,r ruuu*'utM' "«<""
Dr, Kelley's Museum, 210 Howard, Spokane
Try a District Ledger At
»J»p»r< Mptllral lUnmlimllou _->•■•>,
nhrn nrctuimry. fimauli tf._.'.i|.
ilRtiKprona.   (all t,r «rllr *-v-A^vi-Ay'*^?*^^
PAGE TEN
THE DISTRICT .LEDGER, FERJTI^ B,
'■""AAvJAA-'"'.-.'; t      -"\^'.r7^AfrA^At.^ f"~- iXy^Xl y7AA)'a-? " ALaU/A y      ^A"A.
0.", APKEX_>27^' 1812.'' V-     i* "* 77>A?y7H >YA7"y'Ai,f'-<<^ ^^AA" 'A^ >7\A.AA' r
».*___.*
The Style Subject
The value, of good style in the Clothes you select cannot.be overes- 7
timated.    To give clothes that certain touch of correctness which you
are desirous of seeing in your garments, is distinctly a questohv of *    '
' ability on the part of the maker of the clothes."   The' quality is largely
matter of honesty.      .'    •     ■ .   7 <• ,       . •        v ,,
T\re believe, you,will get what you pay for, in the matter of fabrics   -
and linings', if you buy clothes,of a reliable make, but if-you want  ■
style combined with quality, it is'a question of ability, not honesty.
The 20th Century Brand Tailors have the ability—hence the stylo you'
always" find in these bench-tailored garments.
Ask to see the-New Spring Models
"*". * •" i * *■    _ i •  l ,
Special for Saturday
A new shipment of high-class", Hand-Tailored Suits just opened up A -
These new Springy garments, are made   in   all   ayooI   worsteds   and
' tweeds,,perfect fitting1 and equal in style to any $25.00,Suit,on the'-'
market.    Will be sold Saturday and Monday at ..: 7.$15.00 f.
Women's Ueady-to-Weap DlBpaptment
" We have just received a shipment of Ladies' Linen Coats'ih natural
-, and light shades.'   All sizes from 34 to 44.   These Coats are the' vej-y.,,,.
latest and comein a variety of styles ranging from $4.75 to $7.50 in-"_-
price, v Your inspection is cordially invited.      , ...
b *    '
We1 still have a fcw„special values in Ladies' Suits which* are offered at the remarkably low price of $10.00. ,      ■ *
We also -have a very special bargain in'* Raincoats in fawn, navy,,
" grey and brown.'    .These are specially priced at $7.50..
Ladies' Black Cotton Hose, 6 pr. for $1.00. . A ' "*-,''••
* '■> ■,   *> ■' -■' ' <■
"   *   -' -     - y. i - " -'       *
Childrens' strong" Black Ribbed Hose, sizes 5 to J.i/'a.'at .20 per.pr."
White Damask-Bed Spreads in soft finish, heininedends, on sale at
$1.00 each. ,      -/-     _ ..- -      ' '   -*0\ -\ ■•-  , \ \>y X ,
300 yds. WrapperetteandKiihona patterns on* sale at .10 yard."
'"'' Two in One Blacking, 3.for .-'..'..;'.."...?.....    .25'  ;'
Post ,Toastiesj ^,-for  7. A. 7. /.?....... 7V.    .25 ' *'
,,   "       .-    *■-    ■ -'-..   --''.'•''      7   "       -       v   '         '       '       ■    -
Grape Nuts," per pkg.,.. S...: •_-..  ...- '".15.
;■  Greengage Plum's;. 2 for .* .-.■.. A*.- :.. .**•    .35 ." -
7 -.." Evaporated; Apples, 2 lbs. for . ." '.    .25     .-
y              v v                 . j   -      »  .
.Oranges,-per doz .--. .'.**? .25 to .50;
-  Domestic Sardines; 6 for •>... .-;,... ' .' ; .25
"    ,Bran, 100 lb. sacks'.7. ..*, $1.25   "*.
C. and B. Jam? 1 lb. glass .7.    .25
■l - *     ' i **'„        '  S ' "   '   •• ny .*,
' Tuxedo- Jelly Powder, 4' for :.    .25 *
' ■'   Lard, *"3. lb. pail,' ....A... 50l
X, Lard, 10 lb. pail ,'.._.;.'.. .S.XX . .A; .^$1.60 .*
■ y 'Ham, per lb. *.V ,.?..'....'..:.'..:,..  - .20 -
Bacon, per IbA..'.....' , •■.••••', ^1
Davies'.Cambridge Sausages, 2 tins /.- .'. " .45   ,*'
"-* -,   ■ . ,_ _.** n    t- "' -o
* A  Molasses, 5 lb. tin .' '.'.." '• ._.,•',- .35
' '',   Corn Flakes,*-3\,for .....' '. •...'• ^ ;-25 ' ,_
V White,Gloss'iaundry"Starch,.3 for .'■... .> .*.-   .25 i -
.Chinese;Gloss Laundry. Starch, 2 for .', -.' .25    ■
- ""' :r 7 - "  "■••>■ .'.*''-'"'                                .      ..
" Durham Corn Starch, 2 for .. .■• '. v lo., v
• ' ^ Tuxedo:,Black'Tvep'rJer,: Vi Vay. tins, 3 for ......; ,. 25   7
'■ ' Patterson's, Sauce, pt. bottle, each '.  •. A20v -
? . * Lyle's JEnglish Syrup, 2 lb .tins, each-..:.....    .20   ' -
^ Corn, 2 lb. .tiii. 5 for .'..;..'..- .7V.......'..'. v    .55' *'
'.  Corn* on;Cob;: "gal. tins-... Si..;.*...'..*"....'•..■;■ . ?50
* I Marafat"Peas, 1 lb.pkgs., 2 for .....'. ■.:. .25   \
■•. .1
, o
\;
;„" A
Our: Grocery ; Section
for quality arid service
is the talk of tlie'town
'-  .r -1
•wmmmmmmxmmmmwxsi
'. \\ii'-vt-AVstVa-1 &-,*. Sim*va-srl.te.'.'n--f
Have you been to the Isis?
The Fernie Dancing Assembly will
,hold their .closing danco May Olh.
'.-Messrs. pickon and Uroley.o. this
city havo received a contract for reinforced concrete sewer plpos for tho.
City of Regina.   ",
Am. A. Kastnor has been' appointed
rOBldont agent,for tho Pacific "Bond
and 'Land Co., nnd is offering Bomo
cholco proi)orty In Coqulllain.
Mr. Nathan Kalvon, assistant sales
manager of the Pacific nond and Land
Company, 'of Vancouver, ts on a busl-
noss trip to
tho Fornlo,
FERNIE GUN CLUB
All those Interested and intending to
participate in tho tournament on May
1st will Icindly hand In their names,
on or before-Monday, April'20th, to
the secretary, \V, J. Nicol, Duthie's
Hardware. *''
THE GRAND
Commencing on Monday, April 29th,
tho.prices at the Grand Theatre will
bor 20 cents downstairs^and 10 conts
for tho balcony.
.Don't forget to seo Dante's Inferno
at the, Grand to-night and Saturday.
This is not tho film run at tho Isis
somo weeks ago, but tho original1 $100,-
000 flvo rool production. Admission
25 cents,
THE ISIS
"Tho Golden Wedding" was one of
the feature films seen in this city and
large audiences,were present at the
four shows., For next week a "throo*
reel feature will ho given, entitled "In
the Hands of tho Mormons," a story
said to be dealing with the means
adopted by: this sect in bringing, con
verts to their faith, For to-night and
to-morrow six pictures will bo shown,
they are: '.His Great Uncle's Spirit,"
"Betty's Boat," "Compulsory Fatherhood," "The. Duel," "Sergeant Dillon's
Bravery," and tho Gaumont Graphic
of the world's, happenings. The orchestra nt the Isis Ib an excellent
contribution and renders appropriate
and catchy-muslc.
"We aro sp'ending more than $400,-,
000,000 for militarism and the effects
of - militarism, and* only $20,0,000,000
for the entire public" school system,"
declared Congressman Berger; and he
added; very appropriately: "We shall
get juBt what we'aro preparing for. It
Ib useless for certain men to cry_ 'Peace
Peace,'.' as long aB .we are voting tremendous sums for the support of a
standing army. - „ ,    ---"
tho city, and a guest of
I.O. O. F. ANNUAL AT HOME
.7 P. Spaldlne, F.ornlo"* well-known
photographer, Is making a special reduction in his'prices for photographB
on May 1st and 2nd only; visitors to
Fornlo for tho nig "Demonstration
ought to take this opportunity bf Rotting a good photo at a cheap rnto. IIo
guarnntocs nil his work to glvo hiUIb-
faction nnd wo can recommend him.
Tho worltors create,nil wonlth and
receive vory .llttlo of It. Tlio workers
build tho .alls—and llvo in them.
The rules committee of thc U. S.
Congress has found a convenient excuse to drop tho Investigation into tho
Lawrence strike In the.fact that tho
Bt'rllro Is practically settled,' and that,
tho bureau of labor haB already made
an Investigation. - Tho buroau's report has not yet, been mado public'
That ls a , very "convenient jumping
off place. '■  ■'
A CHALLENGE
Fornlo Juniors Football loam will
play any team In the Crow's Nost
PasH, under 18 yenrs of ago, for ftiO,
—Tho Captain.
LINN—JONES
A dainty wedding took plnco at lho
residence of Mrs. Jonos, Wost Fornlo,
on Monday, April inth, whon hor dan-
Kilter, Annlo May, wiib united in matrimony to (Ic-orgo Linn. Itov, ... M.
Thomson officiated, A number of
gncnts woro prosont, nnd nftor tho
ceremony nnt down to a sumptuous re-
. ,.l fff}.f     In,.r T't!r>      „r «„lnllnii      r,f
"Wont TVrnlf wn« nnblv rnpT*Rnnt«d by
nn imprnvlsnd bund of mnny parts,
Mr nnd Mrs. Linn, who aro both woll
known In the city, wllUrosldo In WcBt
Fornlo.
SAO DROWNING OF A
., CHILD AT JAFFRAY
On Tuesday Inst, nbout 4 p.m., a
•ad drowning nccldent occurred at Jn.-
fray, tho victim being Francis Mnr.
doch, the 2 year and 5 months'old son
of Mr nnd Mrs. Henry J. Irving. Tbo
llttlo chap left tho houso about thnt
tlmr» nnd wandered down to tho edge
of a slough which was about I to 10
Inches of water deep. Tho boy fell
In, and when (llscovnre.l wns found to
bo dead. No Inquest was found to le
necessary. Tnr body was Ukcn to
Cranbrook for hurisl. Mr. Irvin« is a
wiwyer for the Knst KootenHy Lumber
Co., nnd much sympathy Is felt for tho
bereaved parents.
On Thursday ovonlng Mount Fornlo
Lodge No. 47, LOOK hold tholr annual banquet in the lodgo rooms on
Victoria Avonuo     Shortly    after ' 8
o'clook the guests began to'arrive, and
by 8.85 when tho program was Btnrtod,
tbe ball was almost filled to Its capacity,     Friends and visitors continued coming until after 0 n.m„ by that
jllmo thero must hnvo been somo 250
I prosont.   Thos. Hook wns called to tho
chair by tlio Noblo Grand   (J.  W.
CJulnnoy) and vory briefly addressed
tho nsBomblngo.     The program wnH
Boon under way, coiiBlfltlng of vocnl
nnd Inntriimontnl selections, nnd reel-
tatlonH, which was In himd'untll about
10.no whon tho clmlrmnn announced'
thai tho TtabcknliB were In waiting on
tlio ground floor with good things to
sntlfify tho inner mnn.    Plates were
Hpread for 120, requiring two sittings,
The tnblos wore tastefully <iocorntad
and fairly bulged from tho weight of
everything thnt could tempt tho palnte
of mnn.
Tho rtobo..nliii, who did tho catering
on thia occasion, lived up to tholr famous reputittion oi buing i-vnuu » uom in
(iiio whin.f.1 >"»-.•. n'c .h'j,'. io Oiviii
rightly belongs tho name. v
Aftor nupper bad been sorvod all adjourned lo lho bnll, whero dnnclnir
wns Indulged In till nbout 2 o'clock,
V<l-l.*,lll-5 KUiuA  iMi*.   kVv.ii>..,*,  t'.iiv  ilifi
Mount Fornlo Lodgo I. O. O. F. had
broken previous records on thl ocens-
bIoii, nnd our only regret Is that thono
functions could not bo nrrnngod moro
often
Amongst thnno who partklpafed In
the evening's' > cntertnlnment woro
Slcsars. V, Ilcslccth, WhUchousc, T..
Beck, C. J, Minns, Wm. 1'uekey, Archie
Prentlro, C. Ford; tho Mlsic* Melcer*.
Ing, Olive Ponrson, Daniels, and Mrs.
J, W. Qulnney.
Tho committee In charge of tlie ar-
rant.eu.«.t.U dotlvfa tu ckteud tUclr
thanks lo the many friend* who so
willingly contributed In making tbo «n>
(herlng such an unqualified success.
Tho roport of the London Board of
Trndo deal lng with co-oporatlvo soclo-
tlOB, shows that tho membership of
thoBO organizations reached in 1009
a, totnl of 2,r,97,230, an IncronBO ot G5
por cont ovor tho returns of a deende
ago, Trading operations amounted to
noarly $0*50,000,000, ns ngalnst $280,-
000,000 ln 1899.
NOT 8ELFI8H
"Mary,"' said tho sick man to his
wlfo, nftor the doctor hadi pronounced
lt a caso of smallpox, 'If any of my
creditors call, tell them that I nm at
last In n condition to glvo tliom something."
MAKING REBEL8
Tho demands of tho G. T. P. freight
hnndlors In Toronto having partly mot
thoro will bo no strike
* *   *
Tlio Slocan Record  remarkB that
tho vonul press Ib ofton found In the
groat, centers of population, seldom in
tho smnllor   communllloH.     Thieves
congrogato whero thoro Is something
to Btoal.—Tho I/Odgo.
»   »   »
The Nnnnlmo School Board refiiHod
to allow children a holldny on Mny 1,
when tlio, miners of the Island will
moot thoro to colobrnto, for tho flrHl.
tlmo, International Labor "Day. Only
one alderman supported the proposal,
* »   •
Tito Lou AUK-dut) i'imus, the uu'ou-
balttng, labor haflng sheet of Los Aiv
K<-lcs, CfiY, bus dr.y.N.,1 In tho ruco
Un /.li'citlntlo'ii nmon_i. tlio pnncra of
thi'i rliy lrom first to Mi'i plnco. Iiyc
..io wny, what luih .mcoirift en ttt.ii.
dynnmlle conspiracy that Oils wns
making so much ftum about n fow
short months ngo? "It takes n man
ot originality to pobo ub a successful
liar.'
* ♦    a
The latest official and correct ro-
tui'nsof tlie el'-etton In Germany chow
that Uio total number of votes east
was 12,260.1108. Tho total Socialist ioto
wns OflO,32D, or 34.82 per conl, the
combined capitalist parties polled *..•
,.fl5,4*9. Tbe SorlAllct Ruin otcr fke
yonrs mrfl wns •)*)T.T00; the fenf^r tout
144.463, and tho Conservatives. Anil-
BomUos, and A(.rnrlans lOBt 148,flRC—
CD. Herald.
"Compelling persons to Wbb tbo .lug
nnd fling a stanza of the natlonnl anthem Is not a now wny of producing
pnrtiotti. Tho Cznr of Itupsln hns had
that ByBtbm porfoctod for a numbor ot
yonrB."—Rdmonton Cnpital.
DEATHS
BIORGMAN—On Tuosday, April 23,
the infant daughter of Mr and Mrs. W.
G. Ilergmnn, ngod 19 days,
. WILSON.—On Tuesday, April 23,
llichnrd Douglas, tho Infant son of Mr
and Mrs II. V, Wilson, ngod 1 month,
10 dnyB, .
Tlio Pernio Stonm Laundry nnd
Dyo AVorltH roport ..uBinoBS im-
vvvfti-'iin   oil   iVf.   Itnyri      ' Tbrti*'   HVf»
I -a   >■•• ,»••*-    v * ,  *
liinUiiif n vorliipt'uin in yirlenn on
llyeiiiK nn<l Frcndi Dry Oloaning
for llio Hprinp; trado. Also a
<.Iicnp mont lily laundry rnto for nil
Imelielori. will bo pfivon, A trial
\<3  ill  tlmv  fii-V tn ponxHnop ymt
tlioy nro O. K. ,.
T'Oli SALE—isnaa for natchlnK.--
From Pure S.C.W, Logliorns, No. 1
pen, $1.50 per dois., or $10.50 por 100,
No. 2 pen, Jl.OOiDor doz,, or $7.60 per
1W>, Apply, H. ll. IlnrrtHc.n, Wardncr,
Il.C
NOTICE TO C0NTRA0T0R8
TINDER
Tenders are asked by the Canadian
Com Coi.ftf1ida.eil Ud., Prank, Al»«-,
for r#»'mflrn7 of fMHy-fhw* bttlMlnaa
from present location to r.ew to'**a*
alto. Full particular* given at ffl «
of atwvo company.
The C. P. R.'will spend 7 million dollar", in malting Coquitlam tho
largoNt freight terminus in tlio country. i>
Thoy will employ 7,000 mon in- tlio ynrdR and Hhops. A thounand
mon and tlirco fltoam sIiovoIb aro already employed by lho O.T. It.
Twolvo of tho forty-oight Htall roundhouso aro now under uoiiHtrue-
tion, « "
PirBt 19 milofl ol track havo already arrived, aud aro to bo laid at
onco.
North Amorlcnn Lumbor Co. hnvo Htarlcd tho largest mill in tho
country.    It will hnvo a,capacity of- 600,000 foot u day.
31 Industries havo already ehoBon thoir sites in Coquitlam and mnny
othorn to follow.
My property is in the heart of the business 'district and nHmitocl on
,. .!    - ....iii,!,, IT vi-lnilton «folV nf tb« f*loT>0. Tt, .q 3(10 flnllnVB ollOOn-
or tnau lira prupcrty oltcivd wiTt/MMus ii \>y ib'c Co.{u3l3am Terab-
al Company, ,.   ,
For Prices and Terms
S   1
M. A. Kastner
Resident Agent, Fernie    B
i.   l
■l^i
.. .. >

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.disledfer.1-0308852/manifest

Comment

Related Items