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The District Ledger 1911-12-30

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 -,-. -y .yy^y-fy^yy^y'^lyy^ = -s'7.y7l'-777"7:77y^77''7>7^.'>"*"
.- • >,      i    v Ir v-   ^   -.^    A- k,  \^J    -S"^*y 'j <L'    '-C;t-:     *"     " "*, **" *  ^Ci." . '*7 "     t       ~ "'■-%    „V"  v.      .,   j-      »   »-
'-.V- -:-"-" 7 -V;'-■,■■,.»- t  7->v:C7i \;Si^'^
pyy yik-r y^?<^C^7y--7^v4t^-/
fe77 -^y^y * y:^777y7y^V:iiy::?i
'■■  ■t.7»5"
#g^«^**pig^ 18^3fi^W^A^
i:\ :.\^i^e,;Pion^erV6al\Co.:^ ^ *■-,
ictween District?No..18, United. Blacksmith's'iHelpers>.'7.10"
.Workers; ofo Ajp»icVc ofYhe. Carpenter s ?.';;; 7.yy77id''
part,";j "!y 7- r'7~- .7 '> ' ;•';   Carpentere^THe^rs'\;7"V.7lO*
In bur lastlweek's issue we'gave a
synopsis,"of -agreements*between the
l\-"'?» -.7 above, parties. *.,The full text l8,as fol-
|7y,yiows7yy'v'i y^'Vyy,  ..-.-7,
Made Between
.first part,
-„ ;**&■. -(.. , , -."■.-
:".V-'.-:vNew: Barnes Coal 'Mine;of the"8ec"ond
"'. part/',r'7--"*7-v7t'l''-;'i''''' ' yS7y.x".
"■Article*"l.'"''-'^4 -■;-.' ' ,.«.-'";.'..-.\-7
7, The . preamble v and t general provi-.
slons of the .agreement made^betweeK.
the Western' Coal :Operatdr8* • Association "and District No.^Elghteen, United,
-Mine^Workefs" of America.-on:~N6v-7
I'^y''' jl;^»^",J"'l7tfi,""l9ll,~a;nd /endlne^March'
ly."':.:y3lst,-1915,^ shall govern.all employees
y-r-; '«»}&loy«d.at.tlils colllery^for^the same"
}'* )y> 7perloa,vtogether' withy the ^following
r'7')■ ^.clauses.'"*- 7   - 7,\;-i-:;' .,-' '7"""7*  "'
Car Oilers (men) .;.,'.•
Car Oilers "(Boys).■;'
Talky Boys
Teamsters '.
. .io-
^yArticie 'i.-"'-7\ •;.; Vy7 ; 'fyyy.^^ ■_;
;;, yy\In:thereyent 'of .any.,'dlspute[or,grie-
'; ■"' Vance.arisingfbetweentiie'employees
;-y of "the  aforesaid "-colliery, "the same
^-shairbe settled between-them.and the
7 "management■'of.iha't^.'company in the
'•' y manner ' provided.' in -'. this' agreement,
**- and in-the even't'ldf othem'faillngVto
^t  t. 7agree,-r.T;b6ard';shall; be applied  for
A.y*7,'under the Industrial Disputes Act 1907,
:-77/--«-and both. parties'shair be bound by
J;he decision ;ofjsaid board.;/ And at-
no time.i*sh'ailit'iie^employeesJemployed
.-,at any'6theF-in|ne7ake parjt.in'.iany;
-7 grievance^or, Idispute^uhless^they be
_x7.ii District or;International=representa-/
. 'UfJtlve of, the .'-United .MineVWorkers of'
^America.'- --3T1 -7' -"',;>-._' '-"--'r-y'V' y
1 't»"".
<w -' ■-
Hoistlng, Engineers.
Tipple ■/ Engineers 7.
Fireman.-. lYt.\". """. f
Firemen7 r7..V1'...'.
Firemen. Helpers ..,:
Tipple Dumper (men)...... 10
Tipple' Dumper" Helpers 7 !"10
Tlpplji' pumpers (boys) ".\'l6
"--'""-'•-■ ''-■ ' ■' .;.io
.". .io
. li"37
' 3". 85
7.7. .10
7... 8
12,". .7-4.40
Car Repairer
Car ^Repairers' Heiper'
Machinists,". .,.-7.7. '
y^y^lcle";3_;^Contract .Mining" Rates. ".S..
" -'"--   -'^Plck-'mlning: -7, a * y?..y7.7\ v -
' VRobmj'coal 52 (fifty-two) 7; cents per
^car.y--77 -'y,? :vyyy-;7y ,_\^ -
L-.»' f7i .l;^wakthrough8.52>(tfiftyTtwo)/centB
! ir; ..'7P?r car.y'> *-.,i /\:^ ^; "-, /,. .-.'. yt
?' l-:S,y~ CrbBs-cuts75J!-- (fifty-two),-? cen^ per"
.-  ,-.- ca'r/,y;"7,.^'?^^.:7**'"":\t:.':" ^-"yy
".": Pillab7"47f (fdrty-sevW:'6entB per'
"'..,'-. .7car. t ■ yy^"-', /■ ■y-j"*'- ,v .- .•>"/« >-;'-. j -
''".;/• c ""Article'i^Yardafle. -'y'.'J °""- ;;'■ \^y '■ ':
7; , /.Entry's buttB $i;03'"pV linear yard.
; ,"-" '( j"' ■ Entries ,faco 52 ' (fifty:two); cents'
S y per llheal'Vard.*   \"-. •'"''" "■ .',:. - j.'• _, ^
r^7 -  -^Slants J7 (seventy-seven) cents per
7y lineal, yard. . \S'y \S " _,' ' .    ,:-'".'y
' ^   -'"•'Breakthroughs."'|1.03'por.l'lneaf yd.
. ".- -.. .Ro6m'ncckB'$G,l6:'each,-to be widen-
.',"• ed out".to 18'fbo't"wl'de. ,"-' >'„■'■ 7:7
-7     '    Room neokV$4.I2 each,- to- bo widen-,
':7-, ed butto 15'f$et wide"., '7
•'" '■ Artlclo'(5.—Car Dockage.7' -
:,;,<;.       All cars" to be loaded revel-full and
-17., Jto be;of,tliot8amo slzoias at.preaent.
n. -   Palling;to do so tho miner shall be
". '; ' deah; with as follows:   ..r  •',y 7 . ,.;
'.,."'. , '.First offonco:' Warned,' '"    ,..7
r,'-',{1;7, j'Socond'offcncei^FInod.'lO oehts../
,,.,-.. Tlilrd offonca:,. He, may,, bo. dja*
,;" .,' charged, providing It', occur, (n .tho- ono
., ■■. month. „,':,"'.    ,        •    .,;.'.
,y7.'   Artlole'^6^—Track*.    .7,^ > .y.'-'S '•
All trocko.to l)p laid by,tho,com-
' - '"pnny.    ,7V ' '   >' ' " ■
Artlolo 7.—Rock Dockaoe.
" ■   , f; All .minora, flhal load, tholr ojvn coal
y'..    as, froo from' rock' as .possible, falling
r '.,'.'   to do ao ho shall bo' doalt With as foi-
■-   Iowa:   - .7,
•     "First offonco:   Warn«d.       "
Second offonco:   Flnod 10 contb.,,
'   Third offencet   Ho may,,'bo   dis-
charged, '
7  Inalda.Waoaa        7    „
Occupation • , Houra    por day,
MachInls"t87HeiicKBr7;.   .'T-r'.'iO"
Ashman. 7" „: ;.^ '^..^ \;;; i'0:.
Ashmen .V*. .''7-7^7.-'".,;. .10
Wipers (men) 7/.-:7*5.7 7.'.'V12,
Couplers-Jmeh) 7.7" 7.". .10
Couplers .\boys)7.7. .';•'. V. .10
Timber-Framer y.y t\.'.\. .10
Timber? Sawyer J;* ...-■•'■:';.'.": 10.
BOTiCar^ Shoveller •'.. \y7. '^10'''"
Rbck-F'Bank"7J£leri *:*."&"... .10
DijJ'Bank' MenV.-'ih;;-7 .mo ■
Finii^Sir v; ftteri" v'bo*'v cai< -
,- ;-loa_der'.-7.'. 17---,77 .'.'/.lb
All other outside labor'.".10
Signed ,on; belialf -of'District No
.' 3;85-
"" 2.64
. 3.40
" 2.90
. 3.'85
' 2.90
7 2^89
. 2.47,
flhotllghtor , , ',. 8
Drattlootnon'..., .... ,.,,8
Drattlcanion'B Ilolpore.... 8
Timbormnn .... .,- 8
Tlmbortoan'a Helpor .,,,8
TraeWayor■,,,, ,,,, „., 8
Tracklayer's Holpore v,.. 8
urivorn nff (fit iiii it»tt8
Drlvera (wet places)-.*., 8,
Drl^oro (spike team) .... 8
Oouplora (men) ., 8
Oouplora (boys) ;' 8
Switch boyo .,., ,,..  8
1 • »• • *v I
jf-Dortl' toyi
iMUfU tildvlo,
fiwlior.' .. *.,.,F ,,,'. ,,,, 0".
Buclcors ', ..,','..'.,' 8
Loadors   ........ 8
Minora ..,,'.,,....'., ..',, 8
Minora (wot placos)  ,,,,8
*".   .'«' IM  f.       . f
Titnborhandlor'i .';.,,.... 8
Lftboroi's  ..,*...., 8
Cflgors,fllopoandInbllno.. 8
Mftchln<)mon,,«^','.".,"«,',, 8
Mncblnomon Helpers ,...8
Pumpman  ....  ..,.   .... fl
Holitraan,. .,..-.... .... 8
Drivers (boy<),", .,,, .... 8
Flpe Fitter's Helpera ....8
Pick Carrlora ,..,., ..,; 8
" Outilds Wtges
llrtHom M*n .,,. .... ..",.10
Blate Plckert (Uoys) ,...10
fllato Pickers (men) ....10
13, SO
:; i'?
: 2,76
! 8.76
' 8:7S
-.,.' -.77;-' c/pqiseeley:v,;:-j'v"j. /, -"
Signed^pn ^eha'lf;of"" New Barnes Coal
mine-; vv.-.:-\7;;'p *•*' -":" «^ -j ,
-xC>.^i-7-.0>'<A'. :RIGHARDSs^' *^ ''^
^Witness to all78%«uf-«^.,i   -   . --
*,   ,-  .     . frgrfAC ..."SSL. >>f- t K>.... -.   .,
■: '^pioMeIbVoai-compan^^
".. new.'babijies.coal company^
-IT'I^;HERE"UY AGREED botweeftl
the'Pioneer .Coal Company oVtho,flfa\S
part,- anil.-the*employees o('hb.e"sal^
company^aV'TeproBentodCvby: Locall
Union ;,:*Nb^e'74/:of.fthe" United'- Mirie
Wor^Aor^lnerIoa,,- "Dlstlct '.No. ''-ii?
or theVBecori"d-part,..'that tho.VfoiloV
ing. agrdoment ;.nnd scale; of ^contract'
prices and.'ddy,wages.BhaH'-goVer'n^tjiV-
partloB^h'eretOi'Ji 'fcbntmericlng %frboi'
,Deceml)er;i(!t"h"^!":,D;:iOll/'and -«x.
plrlng Maroh.jSlBtirA; T).'mi'Sli'b^
lng undqrBtood.tliat-tho parties lleroto
will moot'ln bonWronco thlrty'dayB'
prior to the expiration of this agree.
to*""dlsc'usB a; renewal,thereof.- " St
\'Ths\ agreement"'covers: the" mines
and .outside plants operated by" the'
said-company," and-'rili persons'ac-'
cepting;" employment-'al. -these "mines1,
agree to-be gqvorjied 'by the1,following rules and regulations'.".     ' • ".
Article   1—Settlement  of > Local "and
General Disputes;,\ '■'.•'>7
' (a) In case.any disputes.or grievances, arise under'this- agreement'or
any .local agreement made-in''connection, therewith, whether. the 'dispute
orgrievance is. claimed tohave arisen'
by, the Company or any person or*per-'
botb v'emplo'yed, or by, the - fieri "as".a
whole;, then the parties .Vhalkendeav-"
or to; settle" the matter aB hereinafter-
provided. 7 But before any'* grievance
or disputes-.shall be Submitted?-to
the Pit Committee, the person or pe'rf
sons affected shall endeavor; by pbr-
sonal.application to tW.Overman or'
Foreman in "charge of the work where
the' dispute arises, to settle the matter, and iji'the*event of.them agreeing,
their decision shall-be final..' " 7
' ^)-/?."ca'ae-■of" any"local7diBpute
arising;in; any* mine, and failure'-to'
agreeybetween the Overman' of Fore-
man" |»'a>I1.y'.employee,, the, Piticom-
?3itt^?.rf,ld- ™lne management shall
endeavor: to settle the matter,' and if
they1 agree, "their 7 decision shall be
final.y .- " ■■_■;.; 7'-. t y . - :
y(c). in'-Theeveht" of the' failure of
the. Pit ..CommltteeK arid the Mine
Manager to, settle Cany, dispute so .referred; to .them as well as in the event
of - any. other dispute, arislngrthe' matter in dispute shall, be referred-to the
General Superintendent or ■' General
Manager of "the company and the'Of-
; --' (Continued on page 5) - '-
Political Unity is Victory
$1.00 A YEAS
A. J. CARTER,' Secretary-Treasurer
MINING MEN TO,r ^v7> ,
\7    -  "' -■ ^MEET'MRi GOODEVE
;~ A-1 meeting of mining men arid all in-
terested'in the. industry Vas been call-"
ed--fpr-2 "o'clock" on ^Wednesday next,,
at the board of trade rooms,'iri'the.city
of ^elEbn,,when'the rote liltlons feceni'"'
ly,7l.assed -by'the'^lai'niugT convention'
wlll.'bf;; presentdiy'o A 7 S. Gooi:
eve,-M.P.,- who willsbe',"in .the cily-
on his way back to Ottawa" on that day.-
0 ne -Huii dredl and- Sikty
Thousand Employees
.  Are Effected
MANCHESTER, England, Dec.'27.—
The efusal of. one, man and two women' to join a' trade union, coupled
with thVdecision of the master cotton
spinners to close their mills th'ree days
in the week caused a complete stoppage of a great portion of the cotton
mills in northeast Lancashire tonigh't.
Efforts are. already on "foot to bring
about a settlement, but as one woman,
who left the .union after 20. years because she believes that the ■ benefits
are not commensurate with the payments, persisted in her> attitude, and
the,master"spinners insist upon their
right.to maintaln-an open shop, a long
arid bitter,, struggle is feared.  . ,7 .
C. STUBBS, Vice-President
ROME—The Socialists of Milan" held
two,greatuprptesl,inee;tlrigs against the
Turkish-Italian war, in' which the Ital-
ian cabinet wasYvlgorously, 'denounced
"Avanti," the chief Socialist paper of
Italy; has attacked the government'for
its farce- trials by,", courtmartial." Recently,-two" men were' sentenced with-'
- leing'given'a chance to defend
themselves,---, and, were sentenced to
twenty .-'aiid - thirty years. respectively,"
in a'milit'ary prison.- 7 The country.has
become aroused, over'the cases.    -' 7'
New, Bill,-Introduced in the Ottawa
■;    Senate—Forestall' Harvey ,Hall
Senator ^Casgrain has introduced a
bill in the Senate to provide for fortnightly pay "day on the railways.
- The^salary or'wages,of every person employed in th«j operation, maln-
teiiance/ov "equipment, of an railway
•compariy to 'which the Parliament
of Canada has granted aid by means of
subsidy br7 guarantee, shall be' paid
not,-less.frequently than; once In each
two * week's .during the term of-'employment, of- such person.        ».     • j
Chas. Garner, I. B.»M.,,and theyxe-'
cutive of Local 102, were successful in
negotiating, • a permarient agreement
for the men employed at' the. Eureka
Coal Mine, Taber,, for a period "ending
March 31st,'' 1915^The contract rates
reiriain the.same,', but the' day wage
men received;aifadvance on the'' basis
of.-tbe Gordon ' award, with" jurisdiction over the outside men and an agreement for .them to work under; The
agreement was put to the member's of
the Local'Union at a.meeting and was
accepted. -,'''■■     .   » 'y.,
Labor Arming Itself To
Make a Supreme Ef-
, fort for Existence
- LONDON,   Dec. 23—Unless   Home
Secretary McKenna can devise some
scheme of conciliation   or   precaution'
very quickly, England's next spasm of
strike fever may develop into bloodshed. '"'Capital  and, labor iare both '
talking of arming, their own -' forces,
justifylng^th'emselves by .reference to,
the new volunteer police force that'is
being*raised under government aus^'
On the one hand there'is "a force'in -
embryo which has been "smiled upon by "
the duke of Abercorn,- but scowled at
by the government.     On0 the* other,*
there is the Bradford- railwaymen's de^,
claration that they mean to" organize",
a trader union physical protection lea-
gueto deal with the bullies of organized capital.,.- l
7-""'7-|:/ ' '.-i   ■     ,■-;\^WLE''iiydl'' y '-'7V'
■ I -j  Oreetmg— .    '■       ,     •*'*. ly-    y.   " ,      ,* >'        -"*,   ■ - -  " • . y ,tf-, '
eleoted for m^^^^^^^S *™W^ato}*^'^-«Tot« are duly '
_   ^   '-"For President: . W.'B; POWISLl! "'    ?tl..'   ■ ■"'Vv    •- '   ~"   -'
. ..   .   • For.Vice-Presideut: yC; ST.UBBS (nceln mation)    • ."v?-.  '»       <>'.' ' -"      -      ' ' ,-
?■    ,; J;orSecretary.Treasurer:,A::j.CARTER,  (acclamation);  -     ■..-.•■    "
;.y,      1*or.International Board Member: ' T. J.^ HARRIES   -   - -    ■'■-     >':' "   ~"
''.*-.■",.        >,   ■ ' , „ .  -.    - -
!• ,''   „    District Board'Members: ' .7 ''".•«   7
7   y- <        Sub-Distr No. 1:. J.W.GRAY (acclamation). .     —v     ""■•','
.„,  :.    ■   Sub-Diat.:No. 2:   D. HYSLOP, •   '   •    ' - ;    '"   „   "
-,     Sub-Dist. No,,3 ylj, MOORE,
"   ■-■• 7" Sub'.Dist7No.'. 4:   *WM. LEES (acclamation). '"   '
*' To see the Scots in all their, glory
you must be at-the Victoria" Hall on
New Year's night. There 'will be;oth:
ers.there'too, to add to the\variety of
^the d'ancing. ";\; "Every, little movement will have a riieaning'all'its own,"
the interpreters 'will' be'" numerous' bn
that occasion. .- New'Year's Night-at
Victoria Hall.-'■""     ' '      ,7'   '
On New Year's night Mazzanobile's
Orchestra- wilj give, a dance, at - the
riine o'clock.' jt For'tbe benefit of the
canny Scots special "music for-their
own peciiliarMances will be furnished.
This, will, without doubt," be a great
feature of thia'; holiday Beasou..  7  *
Yours  fraternally,
W. B. POWELL, President,
A, J. CARTER,,Socrotary-Treiisurer.
Bpom Ballots..;; ;;;■;• ■
•  Btubbs, 0	
, 0
E '
W.-B. POWELL, President
. 17
Darter, A, J,.; ,	
Evans,Robt„. ,, 0
Oraham,Wm •  y
, Jonei, j, 0,.,  ino
MoNab,D ;;;;;; Jg
5e0M-D ■.   4
Tuppor, J, A      7
HarrioB^T, J.          12
Spoilt Ballots     a
>. 1 ,
(Sub-Dist, No, 1.)
GWiJ. W. •
. .4
• 1 >, .. 1.
(Cub-DJsi. 370. 2)
Oarrutbors, W. .. .
Hyslop, D, E	
Spoilt Ballots
(Sub-Dlit, No, 3)
Brown, E. ,. ,.;,r .
Mooro,Tj,.,,,, ,,,'
Spoilt Ballots ..,, ,..,
•, 1« ,,,,
(Sub-Dist. No. 4)
t *     1 t • t
* • •     MM
.., 2
■ +»
*tt   *rt 1 HJ *C3 T3  *—
v   <v   I  5  J   »!
«    V    Z)
v  v i>
£  "*
V)     M      V)    V)    '/
+*       ii       **     4«.     W>
|w3     +mt     #-H
?J        ™        Cl
n a a
7 7 to
In the report of the Executive meeting of District 18, which appeared in
the columns of the District Ledger on
December 16th. it was stated that proceedings would be Instituted against
W.. G. Barclay for alleged perjury.'
arising out of certain statements made
by defendant iri the above' slander
case. It is only Just to all' parties
concerned "to give excerpt from the ,
AVirtanpa_nn^iul.{..li.^«KA_A.r..~A..ii =_j| ^_
— -—..-^v**^ir»i.wu7Hre-.cAcv-uiivt;" ue-r1
elded- to '""proceed',with this mattery
It Is as follows: - .'„*""
Direct examination by.Mr. Taylor;'
counsel for defendant.,, -   " r ',-
;Q.—Where you.'here during tho*
strike four years' ago?—Yes." ; v 0
{ "Q.—Did your, firm-furnish ' supplies
then*?-Yesy~ 'rwir' .
■ Objection raised by Mr; Eckstein bn
this line of .evidence,,,-,,.      -^  .,
Q.-—Y6U mado'Vour arrangement at
that time with whom? 7
A.—WIth Secy. Biggs, ■ «'. s_
'.Q.—Of the'local union?
A.—-And -Mr Powell nnd several of
the Executive."
„Q.--Of the local union?—Yes.
- Cross-examination of Barclay by Mr ,
Ecksoln, counsel for Plaintiff:
Q—I understood you to mention tbo
namo of Mr. Powoll In connection with
what took place 4 years ago.
A—Four years ago Mr. Biggs, together with other members.
Q—That ls not answering my question. '     „
A—And Mr. Powell wero In my of-"
Q—Do you refer to Mr. Powoll, tho
present president of tho District?
A.—They wero ln my offlco dlocusa-
ing prices.
Q.—Do you swear thnt Mr. Powell
was a mombor of tho executive nt that
Q.—Or Hint lio occupied nny official position nt nil?
A.—No:but I Bwcar thnt Mr.
Powell wns in my offlco with thoso
Bonttomen nnmod.
, From tho nbovo it will lio'clonrly
soon thnt defendant stntou thnt Mr.
W. D. Powoll vlsltod hla (dofondnnt'a)
office, toKothor with olliot'8, when nr-
rnn^onicntH woro bolng mndo for tho
purclmno of mippllcB. As n mnltor of
fnct, wo nro Informod thnt Mr, Powoll
wiih not 111 t lint lime n member'of
tho organization, nmi wiih not ovon
In Fornlo then, coiiHCiiucntly could
not linvo boon In Crow'ji Nost Storo,
olllier by hlmuelf or with otlior«, for
nny purpoho whatuoovor.
Tito lock-out In the building trmto»
o' Swodon Ib Rrinlunlly drnwlng to an
otnl through ono firm nftcr nnotlior do.
Felling tho tiiftBtorH" orgiinlstntlon, ar.i
iniilcliig ponco on lliolr own accord.
>5 fc *A X 'A X i
X   C
In New South Waled and tome or t
thoA«Ur»Uon au(«R tli« Oov«rtm»n'.«
( t nro jiaaPtnK Wll» to-in«lit th« worl<
to -3*76 Ingnjen In erecting hornet.' Th« work*
Ingncn can borrow money from tbo
9.W Kownmottt nt n mo^ornto rnto'ot ln-
1.37  lereit, and pay It back! in reaiohable
2.47 tlmo Ktto ront.
v ' ( PR11N1B, n. C. DKC. S*th. 1911
Dlatriii-* Af8?flr,,fllI!c?.di?y ftp^0lni°;(i Te,,0.y» h.ftving ™mM t,,e 1*nll«tN ~fMi M <»»« Klrrtion   for
ill k.iu,     Co™» i10"1 Doc' 12> 1911» ccrt,fy W»o nccoinpaiiylnii atalomnnt to h« a rarma <»o«int   of
>--•■-- ,    W.HAbDMHMTONK.irosmor.lJ.C
W. IT. HAYflON-, rolpmnn, Altn.
.J4MKS WOOD, Fcriiir, ». C.
An I ni ion bo In wagci o' mix p«r t^»ii I
cppro^antoly, reduced worklnR IiSTu?.!
nnd tho sharing of a lump sunt of $..... j
COO linvo been granted to lho Haiti. I
woro htkI Ohio, nnd tho llaltltuoro and
Ohio nnd ^ontli-WcBtorn Rnllirny'B
; I"
- ^-.1
- -,'y ■•
J?J *(!.'« I
J. E. SMITH, 0«ftatt<l for Prtildtnt k- V   " ^-yf
J),., vjv   *V
17." .'■:
5-7-4' ",   7
1:7' 7-   '  '■•
m ;,,-•■   ■-
fi ;, ^'
.-- 'V , • <
Alberta Executive, Waited   U£p?i
/   Provincial Minister—Consider-
; ation will be Given:      V
1    '  "**
4      T    .
.  s--
The members of the executive for
Alberta of the Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, which waited oh" the
premier and "ministers ,at-Edmonton^
returned to Calgary a few'.lays ago,
bringing' back" with them the usual
,-reply to labor's demands—"Consideration will be given.'     The same trip^
• was made last,year by tho same gentlemen, and the same promise -was
given, but the results apparently have
not been noticeable. • ,.
Labor in Alberta has done its share
In the building up of the new province
and it has so far given fair and even
generous support to tlie party now ln
• power, and more than mere consideration should be extended to the"1 requests of this deputation, representing
as it does, the many thousands of tollers in this new province.    ,'
c . ' - * - ...
' .The request for a department    of
labor along similar lines as in Saskatchewan, is one which if acceded   to,
will meet with warm approval from all
classes.     The abolishing of the poll
. tax is another measure which would
v bring to the government endorsation,
and in fact-'the whole :11st of ^enact-
"ments desired could be taken np* and
if not all adopted-at this session; some
changes of benefit "could be passed
• tending to bring to the whole province
•'• a measure ef good. ' S  •
' The amendments asked for in 'the
■Compensation Act are worthy of consideration, and serious consideration.
The present clause gives no indemnity
unless the building where such accl-
* dent occurs be 30 feet in height. This
on its face is unjust," for' how many
,o'f"the ordinary residences now in
course of erection can be said to be 30
feet or more in height.
7 .The committee was also,brought in'
conference with the premier iri relation to a bill introduced by C. W.K
Cross,*' relating to the early closing of
, shop's, in the province. This bill was
not.promulgated by organized labor,
but was supported by retail merchants
'■ and boss barbers."     "Serious" cbnsld-
, eration was promised Mr. Cross _ and
the deputation to this bill:   "- 7  '
The deputation consisted of W. Sy-
nionds, ^'ice-president for Alberja • D.
eight working hours   to- constitute- a
day's work.,'  "7'    - -      ->    "\ /
Legislation to be enacted to prohibit
Orientals ;being employed directly or
indirectly on licensed premises. ■' "* i .
* We also urge that a law be "passed"
providing for and rfiaking compulsory^
the weekly payment of wages In cash',
and in cases where the employer discharges the employe, or where the employe leaves the service of the employer, all wages due to tbe employe to be
paid within • twenty-four' hours after
leaving the employment; also providing that in cases where the employer
fails to comply and In consequence the
employe is placed under .the necessity
of carrying additional expense while
waltlng„for the employer's compliance,
the employer shall be responsible and
be held liable to pay to the employe
such expenses Incurred.
Provincial Department of Labor
1. That a provincial department of
labor be established similar to that
provided for in Saskatchewan, with the
addition that government employment
bureaus,be established,,, that private'
employment offices be "abolished, and
that labor bureaus be established in
every Industrial centre. °'
Scaffolding and Building   ,
We also urge the enactment of legislation, or amendments to ".present
acts, as to the erection of scaffolds
and floors, so as ■ to prevent loss of
life in the erection of buildings, especially tbe modern steel construction
work; also that qualified' inspectors
be, appointed to see that suchv acts
are enforced. .--And that all hoisting
towers be placed at least, five feet
from where men are working.
Factories Act   ..
An act to be provided prohibiting
the employment of children under sixteen years of age. Also legislation!
be enacted making it compulsory for
all machinery to be sufficiently fenced
to safeguard the lives of employees. '.
Relating to Accidents     - ,
An act to provide that'ln all caseSiOf
fatal accidents a police officer or some
other responsible" person, shall take
all evidence relating to accidents,
same.to,be used when^maklng claims
for compensation.,-, " /'   ° -. -.   "
"'"Men 'areiirged to stay.away
fromEastera.British Columbia
and Alberta. 7 There are hun-.,
dreds who have not yet commenced to work since'the settlement of the strike."  7  .
One out of-every five* voters "voted
the Socialist ticket in British "Coluin-
biajn the71909 provincial'elections'1,"-,
; . - 7-7 7>'..♦-• 7  y • ",'-■'
During the past'year the'American
Federation of Labor issued 326 charters^' national, international, central
local trade and-federal labor, unions., .
A.novel strike has taken.place.in
Switzerland, where five of the generals
r .
■^McNab7a"nd~Ge"brge~lioweli;     Below"
' we give a Bynopsis of the acts and
. amendments presented. -:
Amendments to Compensation Act .„> ,
.   1.   That the 30 foot clause be elim-
. mated.' .' , , '
2. That electrical workers be included within the benefits of the act.
3. .That the scope of the act be so
^extended, that artisans engaged in the
construction of farm buildings bo in.
eluded.      . .   -      ' ,    ,
4. That .excavators working on gas
or. water.'mnlns be Included.     ,   .
..,- , 5.  .That, the total compensation now
standing nt $1800 be made $2000.
(5. • That- the .maximum  weekly  Indemnity.bo raised from $10 nnd BO
.   per cent.of wages to $15 nnd 75 ..per
'cent.' '
For General Welfare
1. That a clause bo lncorpornted in
tho Municipalities net providing, tho
franchise for tenants, tlio qualification
to bo residence
2. Thnt n fair wage clause bo Incorporated ln nil municipal charters.
Tho fair wngo to bo the recognized
trado union rate of tho district.
3; Thnt proporty qualification for
municipal offlco bo abolished.
4.   That tho right' of municipality
to collect poll tax bo abolished.
Eight Hour Day
Of all Bovernmont work (contrnots,
otc), where mnnunl labor Ib employed
Special  Police"   _        , i  > r
We desire to draw the attention of
the government to the growing.- evil
which has been transplanted from" tho
"United States in the matter of corporations importing; ."special" constables"
who are usually sworn in at times of
labor disputes and who have no scruples in-fomenting disturbances. We suggest tbat all' such- be under the supervision of, the attorney general' of' the
province.   ' ,      ... - .'■'.    '•' (
Sanitation of Camps • ■»•
An act should, be passe,dto provide
adequate sanitation iri all railroad
(grading), lumber, and mining camps,
also tb appoint inspectors to.see that
such provisions are carried out.
Licensing of Plumbers'.
Tho licensing of plumbers .and the
appointment of an examining board to
dotormlrio qualifications,
Direct Legislation ,   . 	
In lino with tho policy adopted by
nil lnbor organizations throughout the
Dominion of Canada, wo'tako this opportunity of urging upon tho Alberta
government tho noccBslty for direct
legislation, Including the Initiative referendum nnd recall.
The-report of > the Department of;
Neglected Children in the Province of
Alberta. brings out-some interesting
facts. Ina total of 616 children*dealt
with on the "grounds of "delinquency
there are seventeen nationalities arid
sixteen religions . represented.. The
offences that were dealt "with comprise of miBchlef, theft, incorrigibility,
vagrancy, Immorality and forgery.
Theft exceeds all the other crimes,
next to theft comes mischief, and next
to that comes immorality. The subsequent history of theso children
shows that 502 were satisfactory.
J The ageB of the children dealt-with
shows that the danger period lies between the ages of eleven "and sixteen.'
If you would keep your boy from do:
ing .wrong, ■-watch him carefully' during,that period NT/lie age of fourteen
seems to be the unlucky, age, for this
year, at any rate, as a-larger number,
of children were dealt with at that age
as delinquents than any, other two
ages combined. .-•: ',
The,danger, period in the life of a
child is one that every parent should
be alert-to .7 If the child .is"..going.
o be saved to good citizenship, the
parent must be prepared to direct the
child, to be interested In his interests,
and -to see that he is given an opportunity of , finding an outlet for the
immense amount of energy that will
either push nlm to the place where he
is successful or drive him to the place
whereche is a menace to himself arid
others.      ■'
..Many of the children dealt with in
the. Department, of - Neglected Children are those representing the so called "best of, hoiries." that is, homes
where-wealth, is more or less-evident.'- The children have gone wrong
as a rule' through the neglect of the
mother-to attend to her home and
thel neglect of the .""father to cultivate
the-confidence and friendship of his
children. y
It' is'most evident that the price of
good ' citizenship has to paid ' by the
turn out the-stamp and grade of children -that this country is in need ot.
in\the"Swiss army have struck because
they do not iregard their annual remuneration of $700 sufficient wages.
" "7 y       ■'*»*'     "" <.
"■ Wherever unionism has entered it
has made''conditions better, and its
powers, ln this-'direction arc unlimited
If you give it proper support. "Do1 you
ask for the union label when you buy
family supplies?-''
Financial" Secretary; VicCor JL- Mldgley',-
and General Secretary, PetUpieceyere
present, the orily*a^'|entee-beiri'g%ifst-
Vice-President Wilk^irison^wbo had not
that- timo 7rofomed'',from'7trie ^At-'
lanta Federation ,of *Labor.'. Pres.. Wat-
ters,' haying at-the last,convention" held
in' Calgary, been ^elected .to" the presi-'
dencyof the Trades'and Labor "Cori-
gress of Canada,-, and -who", is' taking-,
up-his residence iri. Ottawa^ tendered
his resignation, "Cut it was jiot accept-",
ed, .being laid over 'until-the January
convention when, the 'election:of all
the officers for the ensuing-year takes
place.     After the discussion'ofJ vari;
lous' matters pertaining lo"tbe'fgeneral
welfare   of * organized   wage-wo'rkerB"
throughout the province,'.the execu:
tiyo* adjourned to meet'in Victoria on
Friday inorning, Jan. 19. '..' -.: \ 7 7
A pleminnt-faccd llttlo womnn wnn
buying nomctlilng for tho baby in a
drug ■tore, nnd happened to notico n
bottle on tlio nhow case.
"Did you Bell my Jim n bottlo of that
"I certainly did, and hope It helped
him."   '
"Help him? Why ho Just helps him-
■elf thene day*. Used to complain about
my cooldnp:—snld it wasn't aa Rood m
when wo woro firut married, lio had
only taken about half that bottlo when
I had to hide It or thero wouldn't havo
boon a thing in tho Iiouho for the children
to eat. Ho simply cleaned up everything in Right nt tho table, Oht the
•tuff il nil right—I can recommend it—
and ho even thinks my cooking has lm*
Jim had complained that ho was over*
worked—didn't get enough exercise—
ernnVy, and didn't rr\\«\\ And «nlny hla
meali. The dnigfmt told him to take
Nyal't Diccative Tonic and forget hit
troubles. Jim dropped In Just to say
that he has a gre.it rapacity for work
theso days—can accomplish twice as
much as before,
he xm iio oyapupiie--ju*t * 4mSt> un'
ftlor. Lots of us just like Jim. Better
. dollar bottle. It's worth while,
/ou try this remedy we know you
io pleased. Nyal Remedies we sin*
eerely believo to be the best roodiein*
values offered. ' ' 10
Por Rnto fn Vomto ntto" thinritnrroA hy
N. E. 8UODADV  .
By Hobo Poot
Tho conl dealer sits In bis llttlo old
Ills countennnco ijpllt by a grin •
Ho boob in tho ynrd, on tlio wobbly
old track,
Tho carloads of coal rolling In.
Thormomotors    standing   at   seven
ItoportH that IiIb Bennon hns como,
Ho cluichloB In gloo: "Up tho prices
will go
Anil mnko mo n neat llttlo Bum,"
Alono In hor hovel nn old womnn
And prnyn to n deaf nnd dumb Ood.
Tho vanishing glow of tho twilight
Hor nwollon rod foot poorly .shod.
Ilor Horioen font numbing, ntto clnnps
„    tho cold grnto,
Tlio king of tho frout takes his toll.
Tomorrow tho pnpors   will   Jokingly
"Wont" up with tho prlco ot the
—Tho Minors' Mngaxlno.
The president of the International
Coal Co. Is Bald to have estimated
the loss occasioned1 by, the late coal
strike at $10,000,000. Ho stated-that'
the salary loss would amount to $20,-'
000 per day, or a total ,of $3,500,000,
while the loss to the railroads and
merchants was enormous, Altogether
he figured up the total loss at ton
million dollars.'
' Ed.—Loss to the railroads! Wo
should like to'have a peep at tho C.
P. It. returns for coal hauling beforo
we ventured nn opinion'on that!)
SMofts Cure
Full of wlnLer flavor nnd reminiscent bf tho time of the year ls tho
bocombor (Chrlstmns) number of Itod
and Gun in Cannda,' published by W.
3, Taylor, Limited, Woodstock, Ont.
"Feeding Prairie Chickens, ln Winter' Ib n Btory which ovory. lover
ot tho Wild nnd tho Things of tho Wild
will peruso with tho keenest pleasure
It bIiowb In ovory lino how much real
gratification can bo obtained from a
littlo attention to the wants ot tho
birds during tho wlntor weather and
how observations, laying up n store
of plcnannt niomorloB, can bo obtained
tho minimum of trouble giving tho
maximum reward. "Lost ln n Manitoba Wizznrd," "An I mill Snnctunrles In
Lnbrndor," nnd tho "Lllornturo of Angling" show tlio wldo IntoroBl created
hy thin numbor nnd Illustrate tho
mnnuor In which nportflmon of the
mbflt vnrlod InstOH nro entered to.
Theso pnpore. enn nil bo rend by tho
genornl.roiiilor with both plonHiiro nnd
profit nnd tho work dono In this-way
for Canada Ib not to be measured by
tho fact thnt primarily tho mngnzlno
npponlB to HportBmon, Thoro nro
plenty of aportlng nrtlclos from son!-
hunting to bonr hwillng.lncludlng tho
most ntronuoiin sport, of nil—mountnln
climbing.    A flno Christmas pronont
In ' .<     .,,,l,.,^,.lr II-„    l„    fl, .   .   1    ',     1 II
«poTtnmnn'« mnf";n7,ln<\
color.  ]
try a il
If yoi
will hei
1    ' rrtf,Ly ■ wd
$10,000 Awarded to Victim Who Wjs
8ealded -- Canadian Northern
'EDMONTON, T>co. 24.—Judge Tlrown
entered a Judgment ot $10,000 dam-
ngos against lho Canadian Northern
Railway and In favor of Mat Gordon
for Injuries sustained. Gordon lu of
Rdlnbrldgc, Bask., and was Injured In
a caboaiie ou the C. N. IL Hue near
Mel fort last wlntor. He had gono
out with a gang to help dig "out a
stalled train, nnd after finishing his
work ho wna Invited Into tho caboose.
Sorm after an e-ngtae (truck It and
Cordon wsta 8cnM<d, hfa fitrvi bndfycut
and a wrist Injured.
To a man a woman is a source
Of constant glnd surprlue,
Ho always finds now meanings In
The riddle of hor ojob.
And, though nt times alio will not do
As ho would tain demand her,
lio likes her alt tho more bocause
Ue cannot understand her.
Sau fluctuate* Mm «ivury lima
And wins him with her wiles,
She drive* him to despair, and then
flho cheers him with her smiles.
And, though she sometime* Is perverse
Though b« at times way floot her,
Of fhfc you may 6c very aur<i~-
He'll never do without her.
Working men must,learn the weapons bf their- class, study their mechanism and practise in aiming* them.
Not dynamite,, but the ^ballot" box is
their .weapon. Each and every working mun must use it for their combined Interests.      "•
* * * "
• A dispatch from- Chicago l3ays7 that
the National Committee of the Social-
IbI" party has voted.in favor 'of.luld-
ing the cr.mihg year's national coavon-
tljn in Oklahoma City,'.beginning May
'.?. - .Indianapolls and Cincinnati were
the next highest,votes received. Chisago didn't'seem to be on the m.'sp."
7'y',   ? -'"■*- *.*""'/."
During the'progresB-of the garment
workers' strike in Cleveland, Ohio," a
squad of professional7strlke-breakers
were employed to make believe that
they were at work as garment workers, .in order, of course, to discourage
the strikers. Later oh this same squad
was-taken to El Pasco, Tex., and employed as machinists'and bollermakers.
i '**♦",    ■ -, . y ' ■*
At the present time, there are 48
branches' pf ■ the Machinists,. International Association in Canada, the locals
being distributed among the provinces
as follows:i' Ontario, 19;x,Quebec, 8;
Manitoba, 6; British Columbia, 5T Alberta 4;,= and Saskatchewan, 2. Winnipeg leads-the cities in the number.of
branches with four,-while Montreal has
three^and Toronto two." "!   \-
7   y 9 ♦" *" • .9      -.
It Is,.' estimated that a yaer. of war
would cost'Germany the'enormous sum
of $5,500,000,000. '' Germany'recently
000,000 from?New York capitalists.. It
was lent ori condition that there would
be no war. over the Morocco-question.-
War" Is so .costly dhatr even capitalists
are'staggered at the waste their own
greed .'may eventually bring about.
• 7 ' *; * * ""■
, Extensive new coal fields are being
opened, up "to, the southwest bf DeB
Moines, Iowa." by the Rock Island railroad. - The mines will be electrically
equipped and" will give employment to
about 1200 to 1400 miners.
' '    7 •       .",*■*"*
Atitatole Prance says that our laws
are prefoctly Impartial, forbidding
alike millionaire and paupor from picking pockets, stealing bread and sleeping undor bridges.
."Education Is th© keystone of civilization. The man at the bottom of ii
woll can see only a small circle of the
sk£ abovo him.-, „Lift him,up and ho
sees a littlomore of thnt sky, Put
him on n hilltop' nrid he boob nil nbout
blm n broad horizon', fluch Is education. ; It gives ono a higher viewpoint
and mnkoa brond tho wonderful horizon of accomplishment."
■ •'**-•.
Mayor Wood nnd tho'four Soclnllst
CouncUmon of Coour d'AIono, Iduho,
nro working on a plan to settlo tbo
row betwoon tho "dry" and "wot'
Bcrappors ln that city. Thoy plan to
lease a building nt $600 a month, hire
ii managor at $2,000 ft yonr, two ens"!)-
lorB nt $85 n month oaoh, ob mnny
bartondoB ns necessary nt $100 a
month each, a Iiouho policeman nt $85
ft month, nnd two Janitors at* $71). If
tho plana of tho Mnyor nnd councilman
nro carried out tho attaches will bo
placed undor bonds nnd tho plnco run
In strict ndhorenco to tho city ordinances, Tho nnioon will bo required
to pny tho Stnto nnd Federal license
foo of $77C n yonr.
• •   *
On Nov, 21 tho Cnriatln Official, On-
.zotto IbbuoiI n npoclnl numbor in which
wns publlHhod tho onlor-ln-coimcll of
tlio governor-gonornl, whorohy tho froo
ontry of bituminous conl from tho
Stntcs for British Columbia, Alberta
nnd RnHknlchownn Is withdrawn nftor
the sixth dny of Docombcr, Whon tho
western mlnorn Btrlko, tho cnpltnllBt
government tak** off tho duty on conl.
Whon the strlko Is ovor, lho duty |g
rolmpoBod. Th'b tnrlff Is supposed to
oo mmle to prevent Canadian labor be-
'.'.*, hull li) CUMihJtU'OU wUU Au»«r(cd»
labor, Out Juet when tho workors need
tho protection the- most—In time of
strike—tho protection Is wlthdrwn.
Bunh ls tho trontmont lnbor gots from
i.Ai»»urti>i iiiowicawti—\itiiioi»'» V»«*'*»y.
• •   •
Tho oxocutlvo board of tho D, C.
Provincial Federation of Labor mot In
Vancouvor recontly. Presldont J, C.
Wattcrs, Victoria; Vice-President ft.
A. SUinoy, New Wfislmlnster; Vlco-
preoldent Christian Blvertn Victoria;
The following figures are/from the
new book.' '.'Wages- „ inv the United
States." Not more than 10"per cent
of tho industrial wage workers of .the
United states earn'over $1000 a year.
Halt of'them make "less than $500 a
year. Hardly one woman in the Industries earns $1000, a year, only 2
per'cent as much as $750'a, year, and
three-fourths of all women so employed make less than $400, a year. Taking the moro highly paid trades It-is
found that more' than- half .got, less
than $15 a week. Of the Jewelers, 47
per cent exceed that income; boot and
shoe workers, '41 .per" cent; foundry
and machinists;' 32 per cent; paper
makers," 18 per;cent; furniture hands,
17 per cent;' leather makers 16 per
cent. All but these percentages earn
less than $2.50 a day; or less than $780
a year." - Andlhoseare skilled trades.
bomlnlon'Qovernment'to7 Install  lm-,
;■ . portant instrument^ at- Victoria •>" ...
:"i— 7---' .yrycy^r^'^"--I-.'-  ^\ *
yMC^ORi^'D&oi Ifl^Wofd has been"
received /that,-, the ,DpmInibn. G6vern;
inent has; declded^(o "make - a, grarit^of
$2,000 toUheT.meteorological office-at
^Victoria for the purchase of self-record-,
lng'"instruments;,'necessary; for7 re-1
searcher Into thejrelatlon oiBeismolo^
gical disturbances"'tb*"cbal 'mlrie'explo-
sloris. 5 Work' along.~this line has been-
followed for. sbme^year^byMr. P.' Na!-
pier Denriisbn,' who, has'charge,'of the
meteorological' off ice: here,; but - it ;.bjas
been .^entirely, a'iab'or^of^lqve on J his
part and-this is the'vfl^t"time.that'jit
haa received • any official, recognition.
The,relation between-'coal "mine explosions, and selsni'ological disturbance
•s'is a subject which Is Btllljhvblved in
obscurity! but-that'thero ls "some relation Is shown'by the fact that at-the
tlme.of ,the coal mine- explosion''at
Extension,'-ln which thirty-two lives
were lost; the seismograph at'Victoria,"
seventy miles "from the Bcene, recorded
a distinct- disturbance" at the'exact
moment when the explosion took place"
Mr. Dennlson' wll! now be able to pur-~
sue his, work to hotter advantage "and
in this, he will have, as heretofore, the
co-operation of tho .Western:,Fuel Co.
at Nanaimo, which takes periodical
readings of a^seismograph,placed un"
dergrourid at that place.- Part of the
two thousand" dollars,will be spent In
providing an, accurate instrument for
the observations'.which-aro regularly
made at Nanaimo. ■"""■,
-■<»«.■ i
•?4 "'''*■■
,.w -
'"iitA t"   * (t? t
Sold ;6n: the
Merits of -
With the re-election of President
Samuel Gompers" and • all the other, officers and "the selection of Rochester,1
N. Y., .as the. meeting place in 1912,
the American Federation.of -Laobr concluded the two weeks' session of the
thirty-first convention. ■; The predicted tight on Gompers and other officers
did.;..ont materialize and they were
chosen "without opposition. One of the
most important actions taken by the
convention on the closing day was to
order the Building Trades Department
to reinstate the 200,000' carpenters be^
longing to the United Brotherhood of
Carpenters', union, who' were suspended last year^ because of some difference between their organization and
the department. The.converitlonalso
instructed, the department too merge
the steamfitters and the ■ plumbers:
The Federation declared this country
is ,no,t large enough for two organizations < of the'same' craft and-the pre-
7 In;,1910 the seven'states comprised
in, the Roclcy, mountain region "produced 28,'857,'43 3 "short" tons bf coal, valued at $43,776,715 compared with 25,-
158,612 tons, valued at $37,265,957 in,
1909. -The increase in 1910 was 3.698--
801-short tons,- or .14.7 per cent In'
quantity.'and $6,610,758/'or. 17.47 per
cent in-value.    - - "" .   '   7 7    -," _
Did you ever notice It? A crooked
politician*; generally, -,, advocates'^.a
straight ticket.  7' ^ ' •  7., '   "    ',
Professional men have ethics, but 4
union - mon should not" bother with ,
these, things ln dealing ;wlth members
of their, organization. "   Ethics Ib a-
system of rules for regulating, tho actions and'manners of;men In society;   -
a Bystem" of moral principles.*''. Pro-/,
fesslbnal men do-not care very much"
about - the ethics of labor", brganlza-, ,
tlbns and' naturally the members; of
labor organizations do not need  to
bother very much-about professional ■
ethics., - .The. great ethical principle ,\
of unionism" that.. "An* injury .to one-
is" the concern of "all!" is a little^ too
broad for those moving;,lri.a,'narrow 7
circle, and It Is-not te^ be 'wondered "
afcthat they have„not, in many,cases,   '."
a .very broad)outlook'upon',the pro-    ,.-
gressT belng/made by those who adopt ,   .
such a' broad guiding'principle; "Each ' ; _" '.
for all, and^all for oach"„is without. 7*,-
doubt soon to be^substituted for "Each";'   \
for himself." 'Selfishness may dictate-
it as It has dictated the.present cry7
of ."Each for--himself,"' butvhe^who -
will cling to this latter principle, must
abide by the result—his circle of sym- -
pathlsers will not be very largo. > Pro-.,
gress calls for co-operation, and pro- •
greBS-cannbt be denied;   *"■ '  '-;-  -
Dr. de Van'g Female PIIU
A rtlmblc frtnch rtfulilnriniwrfUli. Tfiews
pltil »• (IMidllkll* Mt«»fUl Itt fflfUMttM ,tk#
Hfniutlvr poiilonof U* f«m»l«inUm. KtfeM
*» tlitap IwHtildtit. X*r,«» tm*« *r» vXi *1
Jjistffx.otj*\t»ttottW. Mr.lHto««»»Mjf*-
Th« |e<jt»«H IHim Ctt„ Bl. C«tt*tlu«». OaC.
Per Sale at BUasdsll's Drug ttora.
sfdent was instructed to carry!, into effect .this'-'principle: .. "One ,craft;';one
organization." N    ..' .""-yy"
Customer:   How,much for"that suit
of clothes, if,I pay cash?     ,,'     ; ■
Taiiorj   Forty dollars.:"   -„"''
Customer:   How much on" credit?'
Tailor:   Eighty dollars, half-of it
down.—-Toledo Blade. '** - "
■- ■ ''-j"	
Pacific   Rjailwiy
Second Annnal Excursion to
'7, "7 - By Special Train from, •'. V ' 7;_;7
% Spokane, Wash;, Friday)_ Januaryj5th,;1912.^ Ticket^'on salo^January
y>.2; 3, and 4, 1912.. ■'Final return limit, Aprli*36th/l912. ;,, yyy 7 ,_;--.--,
$111 7fi
$125 20.,
Fare from Fernie to Lbs Angeles and Return
; Going and returning via Spokan^.'. ..'..;.'.'.".""."...'. ■/• • •
Going,via'-'Spokane," returning via'Seattle V. ...;; ..';. ..•
Above fare's Include berth and meals "'from'* Spokane. ori going trip.
For fuirpartlculars'regardlng these,.and other,Excursion rates, AV-.
, ply to nearest C. P. Ry. agent, or to ,;■ v ~j .*,."*'. -'       ' ' •"
R." G. MoNEILLIE,.District Passenger Agent, Calgary, Alta.   ^
*  - - "-••'.-.,        ' '•■..' "-.v     ''
Spend   Your'ZMbn&y  with   These
General Merchants
'   Trltes-Wood Co.
Crows Nost Trading Co.
Philip Carosella'
Websr's Store, Ltd.
"41" Market Co,
Calgary Cattle Co.
Pernio Dairy
Where to put up
Waldorf Hotel
King Edward Hotel   "
i   ,      i
Pernle_ Hotel
' Central Hotel
Royal Hotel,
King's Hotel
Colomsn Hotel, Colsman
Royal Hotel, Nelson
Real Estate
C. E, Lyons
Joe Grafton
. J. D, Tlu*ll '
' *■
Tritee Wood
J. M. Agnew 4- Co^ ftttca.
Sewing Machines
Wm, Bsrton
Your Bank Acct.
Bank of Commerce
Bank of Hamilton
Home Bank.
Imperial Bank'' -'
Lumber Supplies
Kennedy at Mangan  •   "
Pernio Lumber Co.
Billiards and Pool
•  VA Intiram, Club Cigar 8tor«,
Wines & Liquors
Pollock Wine Co.
P. Carosella.
' ' »
How to. travel
Over -the, Greet Northern'
Over tho O. P. R,
 n '	
L, E. McDonald.   ,
When you're dry
'' Mutt Bxtra
III...II.M!   II     I   ll I	
if'yVirtV'ii fit f^rttstrirr/*
a«oro» Barton
HW.MWII.il  II-. I, ..■■l.l-Hi »——.,■■!   ,
. Dr. Berber
. Ross, McDonald and Una'
Eckstein A MeTtgflsrt
Law* A Fisher       * "
* ■
•   *
' *
' *
■ a
*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*♦*,♦*♦•. ^ry^yiyf
-     ,,   .3    ■--.:-".  *V..--,_' .?-~-   ' - ( ' -'.^->--''.j-   ,^<». ;-<■       .
1 *■        r    •"•';'- "■-    -".-   .'"?"-'-♦.-''-'"'-: .- ".  f.f-'-'* \-. -..'-.-.".'i
^>^< :,"\7y ' 17* V'-'"-'
' - jn»- -, . -■
'"ri^*•><i■ „a<-* *• -fw"t-v^.
-7' y yy ^- * *- ^77£ „■
P-     "   'SI-
wmto Join-    7
o[.",;CHICAGO, pec:,27.^Coal.-mine':op^
. - eratprs,. who. had, '|tath"ered - fecentlyjto
7draft' *plans\"'foy':an^interme"dUte^ wage
-- a^ement.-'similar'to. ;that'!7prlo'r; to
-' 1906, were ^unable to reach any conclu--
ybion, because eastern'operators .refus-
' ,ed~tb engage hrthe' conference.'7 -
/•v%'nother meeting, to-De'held.in.C'ol-
■■ iimbus, Ohlo'x has been arranged.^yj-
; .7"Operafors'in Pennsylvania'and.;*Ohlb;
'refused to appoint the delegation here
" from Indiana and Illinois.     The con
tention^ pfthe easterners ..was thaVthey
ha'd-^to" compete -swith _' the "non-union
mines - in: West -.Virginia -and Central
■Pennsylvania and 7 did not care to be
bound by:'an .Inter-stale agreement.
"Officials' of'the mines back of the interstate' association hoped' tyarrive
at;" an, agreement 7s before, the expiration of the present - wage ■ agreement,
'April; i,-1912." Tblsjmay mean a* suspension, of operations generally unless
some agreement is soon reached.'
.,, : Worthy Object for Christmas Giving.
y,Last spring- a^brief article on' the'
*'„ Canadian'Free Library for the Blind
.7 -appeared" in1-{These columns. - In that
v - article It-was, stated that the Library
. ,';than;at."Markham, Ont, was'to'be re-
, moved to„-Toronto. The removal has
• .'since taken place, arid theC. F. L. B.
■now occupies quarters at idS Annette*
Street,-Toronto, Ont.- ;y .,-•' , -'\'„
'■   ■   The Canadian Free,, Library" for the'
Blind is attempting to reach and bene-
7"*   fit all the blind'of, Canada,'but-it is"
- •      . i .- . .     ..- u< ■-
," " -encountering serious obstacles In1 the,
., realization of-this hope*from 'the dif-
,.,,, flculty in -securing names and address*-
; ,' ea of those without sight and from'the
y' necessity ■ of canvassing for funds,1 "to,
.   defray expense of'maintenance; ' The,
- i...board- of management -therefore, re-
,   quest all readenrof this paper'who
\; are acquainted .with-blind persons not
v;,   now enjoying *tho benefits of .library,
; ^ to.,send, in such names' and .addresses
'., to- the secretary,, S. C.v, Swift,' M.A.,, 8,'
..-,' Washington * Ave., Toronto; Ont. -  It
>;■ " also makes a direct appeal to the gen-,
?-. erous ^Canadian public, to 'contribute,
" ^at :thls'joyous season some "small por-
y yion of the.wealth with.-whicb It has
- k t* been blessed durlngthe past year7 .All'
^'contributions'should be' sent to the
..treasurer,., E."-. W. Herman, Esq.",. .37,
- Balmuto, St., Toronto,* Ont. ' "'7'" 77
~ ^v^I^isthe^deslre of the C..F. L. B.'.to
y establish a printing department for the
-.;' i'-purp'ose of printing 'Canadian vtexts
«7" In embossed .type^for7theuse.of.tbe
, The Borden Government „ numbers
among" Its members no less than seven
millionaires, Including, the * Premier
himself. And up to date, its most not"-
able achievement, so far as Halifax Is
concerned, has been to, dismiss" fourteen" poor, iheni .'employed as freight-'
handlers!atDeep Water terminus, at
the opening of the winter season.-^-Ex-,
cha'nge.7"',   'y^' '     "  ^ • \ ,;- S
.-, 7 (Ed;—^Wbat can the .workingman ex-,
pect from abody of millionaires.' The
cabinet,' as now."composed,- is nothing
but>"a millionaire trust..   It. is not to
. * j '
be expected tbat a government of mil-'
lionalre's will do anything to ameiibr-
ate„the pitiable condition, of the, workingman. No, it is "not In their interest'
to do so, for .It would mean, a decrease
in ' their income, and the poor mil-'
Honaire cannot afford to be so generous. Whilst tho .people elect a bunch
of capitalists to rule them they cannot, expect anything but hard knocks.
'    '   \ -      V7AGREE ON VERDICT
y~-ho 'such establishment in Canada, .with
ttie result that Canadian literature is'.
.'-: - practically unavailable to,- our,, sight-.
7' less .citizens.". Thirty "thousand ..doK
,-"   larsare required to* secure'a sufficl-
.'".  ent Income*' to malc'eKthe' plan ie"as'lble7
«-' Leas than a thousand of'this amount
- *1 is at present In the treasury of, the C.
„JY L^B..'    The library asks the Cana-
- dlan peoplo this Christmas to help it
■ -•, --to roallzo this plan bo worthy'of assistance.      '   *   7 •
. TACOMA,/Wn.—"We voted .together," said Mrs: Gideori.Frazer, who with
herxhusband satS-'daye on the same
jury 'and helped. to: return a- verdict
convicting Meyer Cohen of embezzle-'
ment-from the jMoose'Lodge.','   It was"
' - ^ ^     , ■ ^     ji
the, first: time a -husband, and jjWife
ever, served on" the same jury as' far
as"is known.7 ' 7.77'" - '-"*'. .   -'    -"■   -
.The, coal strike is' settled.;'; .'.   .. "■
Those five words ..convey', -to the'
7peop:le.of western Canada,', particularly Saskatchewan, the, most'cheerful
tilings that have been*7pi;6'ciaimed for-
many. a day^ ;-l,Andrn6w ' that' ,>his
"lcrg and bitter industrial'struggle-is
.at an end one is prone'to cogitate some
what onthe cause, of._ the 5e.'all too
frit rent >va;s .between labor and capi-v
tal and "the net results accruing" therefrom. - '.   -,    *     7'. '   - 7-7.'"
Stripped, of all fiction, 7, the whole
result of the Crow's, Nest Pass,"-strike'
(so far as the miners are concerned)'
is that ".the men have':,simply •' lost'
eight months' work." - Thecpmpanles
concerned'.have, lost the- profits from
a season's output, but that loss -to
them- is riot, serious. "It Is", however,
,a serious business for the miners, anil
by a most conservative 'estimate It
is stfited that at lev.'' two yeai's wm
havtf elapsed beforo il.ey attain the.
same position they, were i:i beforo. the
strike.; : Wha.tpver vl:«v have LM'ned
is fa.r out-balanced byv/hat'they have
lost financially. • " - ■    , '   * 7      !
, So much for the result.     ' .'   ;- y-
, But what of the cause.   "There .was
inti oduced' at Macieod 'srnr.e months
' -"0, *   S
Ago a strong resoluLloii urging the
appolritirientof an industr'al. commission by the" government^with-'simll-'
ar'powers over matters industrial,as
the railway commission has over the-
railways.- 7 Such a move, would; go a
long, way7 towards solving the labor
problem. ' The general public do riot
care very much .,whe'ther the strike
was settled ,by;the Nariton—Rogers—
CfRR. combination, or by Pat Burns,
but every person in the country would
like, to see some practical move made
that would have'as its object tho prevention of any- more "of these strikes.,
With,-that, object'in view the federal
government'shold follow the lead of„
the British government and appoint a
commission; to^ investigate conditions
and ascertain the cause of the recent-
trouble In District No. 18. And there
are,some".rumors up.there that require investigation all .right. '
It's up^'to the, government.—Plncher.
Creek,'Echo,*,'Iir the.Westvillo Free
Lance. . " '    ., --, -
The strike at the Dowlais, Bng„ steel
works has 'ended in, a Victory for the
men.,-, The employers haje agreed to
recognize all the unions^ and 'do-' business, with-their representatives..  '  . t.
Legislation for
'working women
Their Small Cost
The price of "Sunkist" Oranges—the finest
fruit grown—is no1 higher than that - which
you have paid for oranges of niuch less qual-
* ity.   Madam, merely ask for-"Sunkist" and
insist- that each orange,you buy is wrapped'-
in a tissue paper,- marked "Sunkist."  '-.For
every .wrapper is valuable, , They idehtify\the .
"best.6ranges"in"theAvbrld. - By. saving these
^wrappers you receive beautiful "Sunkist" silver
premiums at but a trifling additional expense..'
• Many, wide-awake..women are furnishing
their,dining tables by this means." Read caref
fully particulars below.; *
Seedless, Tree-Ripened Navels,
. The choicest crop of 5,000 California groves. They,
are oranges with no seeds. "They are5solid, ripened
on the trees and picked by gloved hands.   Juicy
and delightfully sweet.    Tbe  most healthful of
all fruit.   You will get genuine "Sunkist" Oranges with the valuable wrappers by.insUling
"on thein. Your family deserves this most healthful and economical fruit. >    ,       •.
Get This Splendid
Rogers' Orange Spoon ~
■>   Save 12 "Sunkisf'orange or lemon wrappers, or
trademarkscutfromwrappers.andsend them tous,
' with 12c in stamps to help pay charges, packing,
f etc.,'and we will send you this genuine Rogers' silver
'orange sooou. _\     ._.
Frusc iSnife £or 124 Wrappers
' anil 20o in «t«iup-f. Excellent' quality—jfcnuino Uo'kort!'
Kilvor. In remitting, p'.easo scml cu^li wiicn tlio atiiount,
is Jess than 20c: nn iimouiit-i Abnvo 20o «'o prefer postal
uoto.tincncr nnler, cvt>ross order or bank draft. •
14 "Sunkist" Premiums
Send for full description, number of wrappers and amount of..
•"   "   cash necessary to secure each article.,,
TMUouk ReTiiUrod   Table Kaifs    '    Child's Roifs '   ' Oyster Fork   - Fruit Knife
' Table Fork Bouillon Spoon     Child's Fork  ' Teaspoon
essert Spoon    Coffee Spoon      Orange Spoon  Tablespoon
- ' ,. Salad Fork       . Batter Spreader       ,.  .
Thin-Skinned, Jnicy ' Snnkist" LEMONS-Of tho samo
; superb quality as the oranares.'.Economical becauso
so thin-skinned and extra juicy. Wrappers same value
kb "Sunkist" Orange wrappers.   Recipe Booklet Free
, up,0n request.  - -, -     ,^       .      „      (133)
105 Kioi Street. East, Corner Church Street, Toronto. Oat.
To send money any\vherajn Canada, oytlie United
States, take put a Money OrdeT thi-ougli the Home Bank.
Registration at the Post Oflice is not then necessary.
This is a safe method. The Home Bank will give you
a receipt for the Money Order, which is a guarantee
that the.amouht will be paid to tho'person, orTlinn, you
direct.   The Home Bunk'srates for Money Orders are:   ,
To send less than $5   3 cts;
"-   over § 5. and not over $30   6  "
. '_'   $10.- '"  . "    "   $30...'. ...10   "
J'       • "   S30.        $53 15   I'
l.:-17 MA0DONALB, Manager.'
1'   1 ■ Q   *,
Branches and connections.'
throughout Canada^
Fernie Branch. '
Capital Paid Up .....'...? 2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits 3,250,000
Total "Assets 40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton has mado
saving simple—by ellminatln gall unnecessary Bank formality. •
An account may.be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act,as an incentive to
steady saving and will quickly grow
to a sum worth while. "'   °
Head Office:
'. WIGAN, Eng„ Dec. 23.-^Soventy-flvo
minora wore miraculously, saved from
death today,nftor water.from a reservoir .had bvolcon through,thb-walls of
the CrossnTotley mine,,near,horo, almost completely flooding, the''workings. Elghty-Bovcn mon wero at work
at tho tlmo nnd-twolvo of those aro
still missing. It. ls believed' thoy wero
drowned.       ■ • '  ' , \  •
^ho miners who. woro sayod succood-
od In clamborlng to tho highest lodgo
1 of tho shaft., whoro thoy held on until
rescuers reached them,
Humane, Society will asM Mr, Cross
;to Present Tivo Bills in the
1       '        '       -   ■ • ;>    1 ,   y '   ,      '
House for that Purpose
took at the label on your paper and
•to If your subscription It paid In
: O>0W.sCroBS, as the ropreaontatlvo-of,
Edmonton in tho provincial parliament;
Is to bo asked by tho officers of tho
Humnno Society to bring up at this
session a- measuro to remody conditions which como under tho attention
of that organization. - This is rela-
tlvb to tho woman's working day, ro-
gulatlng the matter of hours nnd conditions of ©mploymont, particularly
as regardB the necessity of standing
all'day. ' It haft thb hearty'endorsement of tho Humane Society and tho
women's auxiliary, nnd Is favorod by
organized labor In tlio province, being
In lino with tho oarly closing hour bill
whloh has recolvod tlio endorsement of
tbo labor bodies.
Tho following is„tho proposed form
for tho measure to protect tho health
of fomale employees:
• 1. That no femalo Bhnll be employed Ih any establishment whatever,for
moro than ten hours during any day. '
, 2. Every employer bf females will
provide sullablo scatB for them and
shall permit, tho use of such seats, by
them, whon not actively engaged in
thb dutloB In which thoy nro employ-
bd, t ^
3. Any employer, overseer, or agent
of such employer, who shall vlolnto tho
nforoBnld provisions of this aotj shall
upon conviction thereof, bo flnod for
each offonsb In a sum of not loss thnn
|10 nor moro than $25, with costs,
A City Without Christ
"Every oliurch would close, ovory froo
.hospital would abut Ud doors, .ovory
lionotlclitl and plillnnlhroplo enterprise
would como to a standstill, nil nrt,
lltornturo and business would deteriorate)."
What a calamity, nnd how mnny
ronlly bollovo such u HtntomontT To
claim thnt religion la tho Inspiring
motive of llfo Is ridiculous In thb ex*'
tromo. Wns It not mnn, hlmsolf, who
created tills religion nnd Is It not. ho
who clmnROB rollglous thought from
ngo fo nge, ■ Thnt biislnosB would do-
toriorrito boenuno of thb roniovnl of
Uili olomontpromptd tho enquiry what
Thr» nT*T»ll',nt^n of tbo OnM^n Ttulft
. In buslnoim would without doubt torn!
to tho more rapid contrnlUatlon of
wonlth, am) It Is for thia ronton thnt
tho llttlo bilslnoBs mnn guides himself
>,,r   ffcn   tM-fl/>Mofl1   fivovwfiiiy  fthtr"   ?*
buslnots of "I)uy in tho chonpost mnrkot and wll tn tho dearest" Introduc-
inff u llttlo sentiment now and then
with a vlow to hl« self-presorvatlon to
conntornct his rapid extinction ot himself as an Important factor In tho
system of distribution, Thnt tho
playing upon sentiment does hnva
somo effect wo do not dony^ but It Is
-not tbo «fsont!a1 factor.that Is tho
cause of oar bavins to many free &os-
pltals, *tc. < It ta tho probkm of dis*
posing of »omo of Uio surplus values
created by tho workors, whfch most
too tho moans ot emtknir aneh tnttttn-
tlont, Otborwiso, If th* humtBlUr-
(an sldo of mon was such, a factor (n
(By ft Casual Contributor)'
present dny society there'would ba no
nobd for such things ns "froo" hos-
pltals, oto, Thoy would all bolong to
tho pooplo, whothor or not Christ
was In our city. In fnct this question
of Christ tn our city also suggests tho
quory ns to what would becomo of
Him should ho ro-nppoar. That Ho
would not bo wplcomo ln our churches
la only too nppnront whon wo glnnco
about us and eeo who nro tho proteased followorB of His philosophy, arid
how woll thoy carry, or oven attempt
to carry, out 1Mb Ideas. Ho wnB
tho chnmplon of tho poor, not an npo-
loglst of tho rich.
How often do wo henr tho "Prlnco
IS*       m   ^M"VV
th« iinnt yonr tho ™n,1or!»y nf Ihr ChTln-
tlnn nntlons have hnd mich confldonco
In His teachings that I hoy could not
trust ono another to dismantle their
armnmonts.   To tho workors It must
tho working class nlono that raised In
no uncertain tone tholr protest ng.
alnst vfar. No other elnts In society
bad tho tomorlty to do this, nnd whorl
thoy rnlso tholr protoat against tho
prosont system of exploitation who can
prevent tholr final victory. Whon
aro th«y gotngr to turn their thoughts
to tho Interests that to them aro of
supremo Importance, whether or not
titer tx> labelled *MnterJMUtlc'"T When
they (your Intelloetual advisers) turn
you off to superoaturalltm, bo ware for
npon your MOtltuenti they will work,
huowlna; yonr wenWneMr, Uso your own
eommonsenM and yea cannot go very
far wrong, for U is the neglect of the
uso of this faculty thnt hns enabled
tho workers to bo led hlthorand thither with vuln hopou.
Tho movomont tending to tho om*
nnclpatlnn of tho workers nuppllofl a
greater   Inconllve tlinn nnynbntrnct
Bpoculntlon on othlcnl Bystonie, nnd
tho nlognn pf "Each for.nil, and nil
for each" cannot possibly bo moro
thnn n vnln cry to thoso who onnnot
Imnglno tho realization of this object
In lho hands of practical men nnd womon,   'Leave ethics   to   spoculatlvo
thlnkors nnd gat bus}' on practical
linen, and tlio combined effortu of tho
Intelligence of tho .workora must result In tholr ovorthrow of this system
ui kuiui iu«y mo luoayommoaitles
on ibc xu:u'3ul  ii'hlhl aliiu,     TUlit
soul docu not cut nny flguro Jn a bargain over wages.   When they have
Bottled their bargain thoy usually turn
somewhere for a llttlo eonnolntlon nB
men, and build up hopou on somo ro-
ward horonftor to compensate tho Injustice undor which thoy suffor horo.
Tho many nntngonlRms between religious othlcs and prosont day buslnots
is so apparent to thono who will trouble to do a llttlo thinking, and their
loxptAnntlon so **n«Ily to ho imAtmtooA
The name of Marx is familiar enough" to .everyone on this North American continent who has been brought
into touch' with nthe Socialist movement. ' „ Has -"-not  Marxian  economic
doctrine been the' standard by vrhich
every  spoken ' or-'written  word  has
been-tested? ">Dare-to deviate by so
much-/as'a-hair,'s breadth  from the
teaching of the "Communist Manifesto,' '-'Capital,"' "Value, Price and Pro-"
tit," hr.\known and interpreted by the
f.pt't-r'ily byerwliolm'yc u.   If you claim
'to be a Socialist "you in-mediately become an object of'si.spicion'untir'ybu'
have answered in '.he affirmative^ the
quostlon, '"Are yon r. Marxian" SocJal-
igr'i"    yCu may .^"b.-inand out of our-
churches today f»;r a long time, hearing the name of .Jesus Christ freely
uttered,  his' teachh gs ' read  and ox-
pbnndcd, nnd rtudy as closely as .you
""may,the characters t>t the followers
of Him who Is culled "Muster, and fr- ai
tho most grotesque cincoption as to
what manner of man ho was."   And
you may spend a lifetime, I fancyj in
some Socialist "circles listening to frequent repltitlons of the name of Karl
Marx, and  endless  allusions .to his
teachings, nnd-carofully note the temper of mind characteristic of «iany,
who stylo thomsolves Marxian Socialists, and yet be unable to discover
tho. correct lineaments of Marx, tho
man,     It ls quite safe to say   that
those who stood on  most  Intlmato
terms' of friendship with Karl Marx
wero attracted to him moro by tho
power of his lovable personnllty than
by the profound depth of his teaching. ■ Mon nro to be forgiven for having protrnyod Mnrx as a sullon, moroso
vengeful and bltter-mlndod mnn, void
of the qunllties of charnctor which
sweeten nnd cheer tho lives of others
EngornesB to emplmslzo tho written
word hns pushed the man Into tho
background.   Thoso who know Mnrx
best lovod him most, and no higher
prnlso comes to nny mnn  on this
earth.'   Thoy loved him because his
own gront hon'rt overflowed with thnt
vlrtuo,     His rigid  fidelity nnd unswerving devotion to others; his scrupulous honoflty nnd Hlnoorlty, nnd the
constant sncrtflco of his own mnterlnl
Interests nnd comforts;    wlmt'othor
thing enn you do with tho mnn or
womnn in whom tlio qunlltlan stand
forth full-orbed as tlio sun,   Ono otlior
thing you mny do,   Indeed, It Ih the
thing thnt In gonorally dono, You nmy
crucify him; you may break his lionrl
with Borrow;  you may fill his days
with toll nnd wonrln«Bt nnd poverty
nnd lonelltiOBfl nnd Karl Mnrx   wns
horn in Oermnny of well-to-do .low-
lull pnronts.    As a boy ho vfont to
ncliool nnd wns a hoy nmong boys,
U,o wns full of mischief and  good-
hearted fun, nnd wuh "particularly apt
nt making rhymes In which ho erentod
mirth nt tho oxponso ot others for
t'tuu iKXuU<tr'(fcri.   tiii iiAii (ouipoied
old echooluiaster wns one of bin tortured victims,   no continued hie education, nl noun University, niid mib8o>
quontly nt Uorlln with tho object of
1iM.OIiii1iK tt lh'iv)<it HiUl iilw IhUlfof. 111B
university career wnn somewhat of a
failure, judged by tho usual fitnndnrd,
Ills father, who died whllo Karl was
nt tho unlvoralty, wns sorely dlsnp-
pointed. Ho foil In love with Jenny,
tho Fwiuflfiil nnd nrrompl'.«ih«M dmmh-
terVof 'Baron Von~"\Vestplialen, who
shared -.'with him to the last" tlie bitter hardships 'and suffering that fell
to, his-lot., ' ',7 ;■• '       '."   '-""
' Karl established.a paper,- the Rhen-
ische Zeitung,- in which he championed the,cause of vthe poor and oppressed. „ His.-vehement" attacks against
the government led to the suppression
of .'the .-paper,y Marx fled to Paris
where he 7wrote- articles for" another
pane'r.'"Vorwarts!!     This, also'_was- snp?
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund  ....
pressed, and Marx, .his wifoand chile",
were expelled from France.     They
found,a.temporary haven In Brussels.
In the^ year 1848' Europe was seething "with tho spirit of revolution." - For
a, short- space of time working class
representatives held the reins bf government' in Paris: ,- Riots were com-'
mon In Austria, - Germany and England. '   Marx was driven out of Brussels, and at the invitation of tne provisional working class, government' returned to Paris.   Tho more flrey element In the movement at this time was
all for violent, revolution.   Marx threw,
tho who,le weight of his Influence In
the balance against this tendency.. He
know too well that tho cause of tho
oppressed toller, was not to bb won
that way.   It takes moro courago to
llvo for tho big struggle" „tban to go
out and bo'Bhot, ho said.'   The following, yonr Mnrx had ventured"", bnck
again to htB na'tlvo lnnd, and was eri^
gngbd editing anothor papor, with En-
gels as assistant.   It proved too strong
a monnco to tho ruling powers, and
Marx, Engols and Korff, the manager,
wero placed on trial for criminal llb'ol.
Marx hlmsolf conducted tho defence,
and.with such ability thnt nn acquit-
nl wns securod.     Two days later ho
was tried for tronson,   Again defending himself ho so overwhelmed, tho
court with unanswerable logic that
tho Jury gnvo him tho vordlct,
Ho struck such fear Into tlio honrt
of tho govornmont (.hat thoy soon nftor
suppressed his pnpor nnd ngnln expelled him from tho country,     Tho
pnpor wnn honvlly In dobt.     "Karl
pawned nil tho nllver things belonging
lo his wlfo nnd sold lot of fiirnllnro
nnd things to got tho money to pay
tho debts.    Thoy wero not IiIb debts
nt nil, nnd If thoy were bin expulsion
would hnvo boon n very good reason
for leaving thorn unpaid,"    For tho
imlco of his papor ho nnd IiIb family
often iito dry brend, and when a comrade who discovered this sent them
somo money, Mnrx gnvo It to another
mnn whoso Richness hnd'plunged his
family In distress,    From CoIdkiio lie
wont to Pnrln, thonco to his final refuge, London,    Thero tho family often experienced tho' 'moot aonto inif-
forlnir of poverty.     SomoUmos food
gnvo out nnd thoro wns no bod to He
on.    Another child was born to them
enough money In tho hnnxo m
Hocuro tho services of n doctor.   It
wim (iuriug theso years in London thnt
Marx organised   tho   "International"
nnd wrote "Capital,"    Of tho Btnig-
glo«) iiiul tho sufferings of theso years
It Ifl ImpoHHlhlo to bogln to tall the
Hiory ht-ro.    Townrds lho end wo see
Marx tick In bod in ono room and his
dovoted wlfo dying of onncor In nnoth-
er.     Hut If you wnnt to know moro
about tho' kind of man that Karl Marx
wns, rend John fipnrgo's book, "Tho
Mnrx lio Kn«iw."-~Tna Vote*.
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO            ■ o ' ,   , -
6,000,000 '" Capital   Paid   Up   ...,°.. 5,996,900
5,996,900    •  Total Assets     ' 72,000,000"
D. R. W1LKIE, President HON. ROBTJAFFRAY, Vlce-Pret."
Arrowhead, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
.,   Rev'elstoke, Vancouver and Victoria/ *
GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
"•' 1 j
v   -"
,vc               ,     .
..' y
. - y\ -
- . j-
>\   .4
'7- *. '.'
•- ^7^
Is now occupying a great deal of
, attention.    It's a good thing.   ,
Is. getting so scarce that eomo
dealers do not bave any at all.
.' We havo plenty, .however, Wo
make a speciality of handling
only high-grade " stuff, which,
wise dealers- will toll you, Is
really lho cheapest. -
-   I f .
.','-■*!" hi:
, *«. - fr.
:   i1-'.'
LONDON, Dec. 20.—Two thousand
doctors mot nt nn Indignation mooting In Queen's Hnll todny to pro tost
against some of lho clauses contained In Lloyd Ceorgo'B ttmuranco act
which nro hot ngrconblo to mcdlchl
Sir Victor Ilorsloy, who attempted
to excuse tho action of tho medical
association, was hissed down.
A roflolutlon was finally passed stating thnt tho doctors would not oboy
tho law until It was amended,
TBXAUKANA, Arlc, Doc. 'it—Ac-
cording to bulletins received horo forty
porsoiiH wore Injured, somo of thorn
fatally, In a collision botweon two pus-
Honger trains oil tho Texas nnd Pacific rnllrond, nt Klldnro, Toxn«, todny,
Tho Northern 84>curltlns Company
Borne readers might be Inclined    to j  .,...,.
think this Is written Id a tplrlt of! "'Now York hns cut Its dividend from
bitterness. Such Is not tho caso,
however, and the only inclination to
bitterness would be for tbe work«rs
who refute ta open tholr »yon to wp
tho underlying reasons for the hypocrisy thnt should challenge tholr. tplrlt
of chaulry.
four to three por cent becauso of tho
prolonged Htrlko nt the mines of tbe
Crow's Nest Pahs Coal Company, H. C,
tn which- the Hecurktks Company hss
n large Interest. Tho Tory poliflrfitns
during tho late election campaign wept
___ . .
large t*«rs over the picture they drew
of Caniidlans being drained by Americans If the reciprocity treaty went
through. How tho politicians mnsl
laugh at tbe timpto people who turned
down reciprocity thinking"they^wero
thns preventing Canadian onorgy being plundered by American capitalist*.
We beg to announce that for
too present wo aio removing our
Aiuvn, ffvjUi tiiii t'lUuii* AttiUUO
premises to tho old stand on
I'cliatt Avenue, and thero hope
to moot nil our customers.
By n strict ndiiorcnco to busl-
littnH *i«> Mtihl ID llifcitl U LUlllUlU"
nnco ot your valued pntronngo,
Fernie Home Bakery
T(*lf'phon« 1S0
Ch      Pi      Rn
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario, Quebec &
Maritime Provinces
Tfelu'tH Urn in! Iii i-muicrtloii willi Atlnnllu
HltMlllllllllX will lnr mi win Cl-IIIH Niiv. lmii
lo Hi-c :ll«i liirliiHhii ,iinl ilinlii-il l« Jlvw
IiiimiIUh from ilnln of i»niin.
I'Iik-hI i.ritil(Miii!lil,Hlitnilaiit I-'IikI C'iimHukI
Tt.iirl»iV>ln|tlm: <'ii'.  I»lnim;^"iti^
mi nil UimiiihIi iniuiH
(.'iniiiiriititicn!, I.llMOty. OIiki<i-Vii(1om Cai-oii
"Imirttl.tl l.iunlnl"
Doc. ItttoSttt inclusivo
Roturn limit 3 montho
Apply iiiwr«,»l f.\ |», It. ni^inl fur pmtlc-ulnt-i)
„. i. .it, t«  f   V »*»"»?» it.
1 llxf. l'liKM'tig-ur Apivt. fVU'ni'V
►   yj
Electric Restorer for Men
Pli osohonol '*»!««• •»*«» «>«*« i» H'« b°d*
V.".", v '"',    i» it« it.'Kf ui»%tm; ir»Mrt
ttM -ttui «|UIUT. I*r*nitt«rc d^ifun'i atltexuil
ivitncit  rt-'i'tV.'t it biuu    rU«**U««iul wtll
uvrjiy, rbtiu
and Sale Stables
First class Horstt for Sale.
Buys Horses on Committor!
George Barton    Phone 78 |
in*V« ro« t n«* nun.
ll   HiMti	
4t)!«f to uv ad4ra«*
If you wnnt AfX TUB NRWS sub-
Por Safe it Rleatdeii's Omg Stere ' scribe to tbe Ledger— %tM por ann. v.'.*1-.
'.«-.-ir> ;■■."'
i •:'".$-0'T>5"'v' '■>**>'_-;;
f» y& rA *yv*v
*^r.--V     J-"**,.-.-^-
-Tp <-(V-4i;
, -*■« **.-* i* -V*  *>»
«i «»;<*■ V-^ffc. „- ifK,--
'Wft*. <-^Mt ; * t i sri».'"C-Tvy..£-jg. 4,.,- tt! /-.at^s.",,,
7 Bear in mind, in^eonrieetibu"with.tHe;facts^ove
g^f erred to> we are in the mids£o| aSvave.of ^unpre-'
;per-year*; in advance, An .excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District." Ad-
rertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for .the execution of all-'kinds of book, job and
color work. Mailorders receive special attention.
Address all commnni&tions to The District Ledger.
',J ..'„       H- *• HRRWIOH,,Editor.,.
Telephone No; 487        --?6stoffice Box Ho. 380
 ri-7—^-y^s-wo.-" .'..:"7
"„The Dislrictd&ager Msccpts no respond-
!bQity torsive jf^gi, expressed by its corre*
LEDGER Wish All Their Readers
A  MOVEMENT is on foot in this city to mau-
, J gurate a7 campaign].fe^Moral .Reform.. ;T\vb'
*-'• meetings have already been"hel<i at which the few
present decided to support only candidates who will
pledge themselves, to .use their efforts in bringing
f about a closed Sunday.,'. Tjiey will insist upon keep-
'„ - ing the lid. down tight.*, ,„ These moral-reformers
• seem, however, to lose»sight of the fact that,our.
'community is very small;.;that the"city:as yet c;m-
* " not provide innocent outdoor amusement, and that
we are'a cosmopolitan-population.    ,Their, eonten-
, - -tion;-no doubt, ris-vthat.Suhday. is the Lord's Day,-
f no matter where and.under what conditions.     To
- •• this wc^would reply-that you cannot reform people
j- by legislation.     If no other opportunity is given
*; them to'spend the Sunday in*:more congenial and
...;> pleasant; surroundings.-.than the pool room, -means
;   will be found by those so disposed to- find recrea-
>   7 tion and pastime on the quiet and less open places,
■7 'If the church'cannot attract the people; even for
■: only one hour.or tw,o;on a Sunday,, the blame must
7 evidently lay with'the ChurchV /When a.business
;'" concern finds Its trade falling; off * it   introduces
]'' newer and more up-to-date methods. -  The Church
y must do likewise if if wishes to xegainjts lost pres-
7y .tige,    It cannot; however,"do -so by-means, of- legis^
.',  lat'iori.   7 Even :"wb'eiP successful it'only'reactsupon
"~. • the church. . -    '     ""   '    -Sc,""'^'   7    '■'
- t_      The tendency of late, practiVally, everywhere, is
_**a 4-« A'"* t/vi»_ -n -nri /Vf»/*_ Ay\/t-n C«»i/1 n "" T-4- { n^_ ffMn H it n 11 -ir_
—***uA*Cj.^jLv^^»»^iiv»A ^rVKV-u ^*^w*iavtw. V *^r—r"J.*v"J*3 ^fc.fcuauciiAi.'j-
M.       '     t ■*       >,•%**""   *"•—*.-*^.-J^l«  l-jfl." " »->   * •'t
quantity, at 'suWm tTinVr^r"-I^^ber^a%o%th^ a?
period of depression inevitably!'follows prosperous^
=times,"and-yhat/.then? ^ToVthoseiwho-,.c6ntend7'iy'|
are simplypresuming^we-would'say-wait'aiid see..
That we lo6k-*'forward ^with",satisfactionHt6-such
times we cannot admit, but stiU, unlesjj,the: ordinary
progress of - industrial development y in' panada
proves' contrary to* the.experiences of?other.countries," we believe" our statement will be borne out.'
Our.critics.to the'contrary,'are optimists/and we,
know, that.-with'some'the only means of reaching
their intelligencers through the stomach,. That
they' will .get .this';cducationaU opportunity .before
the expiration" bf many years we do not consider at
ail unlikely.'!.,A hard'fact; but "the Wrkers'pf
other countries are examples.for,our,enlightenment.
The enormous growth of industry hi comparison
,wij;h agriculture3 in the United States After ,thd Civil-
War is a fact which any who like to take the.trqu-
ble can verify.- That industry >wili follow Along
the same lines in this' country is therefore no idle
assumption. ,In order that capitalism may develop
rapidly a surplus labor army is essential, and for
this reason we can expect thatT unemployment js"a
growing disease in-this, elysium of the-workers. ,
The time is rapidly approaching when a thorough
examination of your economic position will,be..;an
irresistible "necessity. Now-, is. the time to ensure
the^, efficiency of' your labor organization's.- 'Be
critical, but. do riot be mislead by" those' whowriuld
persuade you thatas an .individual you cari'.ensure
yourself a better, livelihood-thanby acting .co-operatively with' your class. ■ If you. doubt; this consider the clerks in'any blg'city; -;*With'your class
you .can rise to power, and' withvan"d',for them your,
best-efforts-are essential to the" final realization "of
the" emancipation to .which,.we- are tending. ^ Cooperation is the watchworcf of modern progress,
which will mean Canada and the world for the
workers, and not the'workers.'for Canadian.and
World-wide exploitation"//..,'-,. -,_.-'■-..,.       . ,/  -
s"i s        '    '    **. t  ' >
'The'history of the "past "year has been'of great
significance to the'workers'of all'countries, and is
a prelude-to what is.to follow. /.'.iThp^surprisingly
rapid. growth' of y. industrial .solidarity * in-. .Great
Britain cannot but have- a. faerieficial effect in showing to' the workers -alL over the'world the" possibili-
ties .of-what they.:can accomplish when united towards one goal., ;'The- inteUectuaVparasites would
like'to convince you of the impossibility-of realizing
yonr'einancipatio'n; arid they do*not look forward to-
it with. riiucE Velish^but" there is a' reason. " Can
you .discern it! - The impelling" ''bread, and butter"
*p6mlei\S»^oumi."5nicfiUQris will bo msertodst
Svhethcr:Sig!ift9-*]>s, thft-Wiil lMimo.oMbe?
 ..._ j±., j»-ji^._&^utt|ie writeraU,
^Titer^ri-noiu .., _ .
name and,address, must-o» ffivon'to the
' Editor ns evidence ot good faith." In no case
.will it be divulged without consent,,
y .!£•_
.-IS     -* •'
"!?:' -»i.3P»
1 being conceded by one and all that the workingman
■^-aridrit'is-he:wh'o''iirmosfto'*be considered—is en-1
- -titled to more-freedom^on the- only "day of the-week
he is at liberty tqmake use of it;/". ."Will tlie.ciergy7
mien whjol*ailefsovptfbiigly-imbued with the sense-of
moral rejorm}teU utthow the large'number of ,o.w:
•";, local population,1 who has no place to call "home"
is to spend the Sunday?^ Do ihey'proposeto-take
awayfrcMin thein.the»slijg% satisfaction of indulging-in^a little refreshment ;anc[ looking, on, or*par
. tieipating in!an innocent game-of billiards! i-Vhat
else is thereto do ?   ;"We are afraid that our .friends
. —the Moral Reformers—have "not, experienced" the'
.solitariness and loneliness of many of our younger
' inhabitants.'.-- It-would bo an act of injustice-to
compel them to walk the streets,'or drive'them io
places .of ill-repxite, for-,wa"nt (of'ft«loss-j'eyiL resort'
' tb go to. • Wo adviso those' who profess to havo the
interests of the city so much at heart to be.alittlo,
more considerate arid gerierous-towards.thoir follow
ONE of tho most significant facts in the development of the-"Last Great West"-is.to-be-
■sccyiipon roforing to recent editions of a cortain
Calgary paper, In'a prominent position :hiay lie
;rearl particulars nbout a SnntalClaus schornfe-to
help mako pleasant this seaBon of "good-will" for
tho poor children of Calgary. In addition"'to'this
philanthropic scheme h another.offering free insert Ions of wont ads. to onablo tho unemployed to
secure that joy of tho working class—A JTQB—so
that thoy may bo free from any worries around
Christmas timo. This is ripfht horo in tho lnnd of
opportunities for tho "free" slaves of capitalism-
Western.Canada. But, continue a scrutiny of Uiih
papor further. You will find a parn'grnpli at tho
end nf a tabulation of tho greatness of Calgary,
inviting you to como to that city and mnko a for-
tunc. Wo do not think tho editor of tho paper
in question saw any glaring contradiction in tho
Jssui! referred to. Do you hoc any, you wiseacre,
who contend tlia't lahor organizations do not go
about things in the right way when thoy havo tl\o
temerity to demand hotter conditions to thooxclu-
sion of the rights of tho profit mongerst Wc
scarcely think so.    Tho workers should ho content
oil'i J'Uijmuwuvijii, ti'*u&> *"><"*< <"» OtWliU ^iaUh iUJJUb
iiw: hotyiluh, tic, Tlmy, the cAAenlial facior in
the creation of all useful commodities should bo,
content that a minority (the owners of tho moans
of production) should dole ont relief irom the abun-
"motive cannotlje~deriied, and is so universally commonplace'that no-worker can-lose sight of it, how-
ever much he may be inclined'to tufri to "things of
the spirit."/ He must get,into the movement,arid
hastenttheLday1 when not,QnlyiC&nada^jbuti.eyery
•other country may,vindeed;be1the..eVsi"U*ci.,o'f*-the
worker, as why should they nott^ „-. i*.- v - <--?
--'- --■-*       - -i   .*■
:^Is the coming year going to prove a.prosperous
one-to your class, arid if not to your class what does
it signify to you this cry of "prosperity?1 • Whatever may/be jn store for the workers you have some
.consolation that at any rate it js going to bring fow
uearer to the goal'for whi.cn'.we,are striving, and
the workers of all grades must unite to this" end.'
The'industrial solidarity of this country should bo a
fact before tlie conclusion of ^the year' 1912. Is
It"going to bot    It is up to you!      "''.'''"
y ,    ' Pernio B,.C.fD^c. 23rd,; 1911,,
Td/Jlie' Editor,- District Ledger,   vi"
"v-I)i»ar>SJr-,-il 'ttoW.in to-day's issue
of your paper rai-altogetber. undeserved-'criticism 'ofrinyBel(v6y one^ who-
signs'.-.himself 'f'F.U.U/y.'^ He "'"refers
to me'as haying denounced the-recent
killingxof"deer-in "unmeasured terms,'*
he also accuses me ot- unsportsmanlike conduct. 7; But: can-'he suhstan-
tiate his ^accusations?..',There>is- the
rub; -Truei/it.-is that^I have deplot-
•d: the >ecent-. slaughter.: of /deer,-.but
that I have made accusations.against
anyone In partoicular I.deny. / So
far< as lymow, j hunters have .kept
within:the-law.    I have'never-made
any. ctatement^to the. contrary, therefore, I am of-opinion that "F. H.'N's&
attack on: me is wholly, uncalled-for.
Not that I am adverse,to. being.-cri-.
tlclfijed. '7 .Personally,. I am of the/belief ^that -a.little friendly criticism At
a wholesome thing, if admlniBtered in
homoepathetlc. doses,.. ."  /.,K-7 ..-- /_
E..oH.wN.,. I - see. *, is taking; ur :the
cudgels-on;behalf of .theVElk-Club.':
I am entirely Jn-.the dark' -as to what
this- organlzati<5h..le/but, infer /that it
must be.&• sportsmen's, club, of some
kind... Acting '.uporii.this/Iinference,".,I
take pleasure Jta informing "P. H. N."
that'I vojUd like vto' meet his club
In-session"' at^any," tinieH¥a\ would-be
convenientCtb' that 'body^ %hls'ifor',the
'understanding'"'between"'the ""public,
and the game^ardtni. ,' ,   ■ * 7-^, _
• Now.^.Mrj tEditorV I; havV;the; hon-"
or fo.be/a*^m^mber,;of^"the i'erni? ifod
and Game'Club. - -Recently'" I'wrote^
a letter to. .Jhat organization dealing
with; the]1^lhltgame'ii"n;,*g*i,jeral.' Se-
^eM^-J^e*(iaiiany= suggeBtibns" made'
in that-letter*met with^the approval
of thip club-/7:That-letter(,aB far as
I know,"'haa not" been "published,. If
it had beenTdo*'not dink that F.H.N,
•would Save jmy grounds" for complaint.
" I.note,'Yoo^that "P."H. N. seems
to". considers the;, enforcement - of Sec-"
tion" Sefteri "of'-tlie'Game' Act an .imposition, and/that^too7he" lays,to iny
door. ^'Por hiB1" benefit/and, that/of
other"readers^OT.Vyour valued paper'
I woiild7 like^o Voinf out -that' the
game'laws1 "'hay*"1 been published from
time'to"'time iii^all:local"papers since
I have "been'7gaj&e * warden—a" ma'tte'r"
it'*-not, as .hard^a^^ptking.Jn^th^,
mine! I suppoM,not,but7as/l stated
before, that as-soon:'a's7:we,can"get-Ja'
majority of ptnt Wjp*rKrng""Spgs - into:
fparli^menf^thep-we'll T^ able/to' oifh-
Wl/that hio produce/ so^tuat we'UTglve
%verybody^a "chSnce Ho^ork, forDfls*
living -instead, of' only^abouV half -/of.
the men. As It is now; we are.work-
ing two-thirds of the, day for ourjmas-
ters and all the rest'of 'the doy-LfoV
ourselves. ( ■ .','-.-,- '\ y -,v-"X-^
7 And what about those' in'tlie slumB of
our 'cities'/starving" *tecau^they;can-"
not get a'job-to earninelf livingt'Tqu'
are rightf old boyTbut-■ndw'afe'we;go:
ing to;get_'our men-into*par'liamen't?
- We'li have to get to-work; Johnny,
and-try all we can<\to .educate'"our
fellow Blaves. *- ,«■ Yes ;i '.but1 what'; will
.   .1;      .,*E^,---,%• -,„
-'   --7::,7*- '-,.'■-.ryry ; ^z*>*7--< - y,*'*■"■ .•';;-';. '^.'*-»,.-s'-.r ' '-\
~"'WKf*' "" "7'^'S   > '^.1- \'r "'-* 'j*^l*?> «'■-"* -    -    A- V.J,-,      V"'"l   -""T^J'.r t.*r
-.1    i *.s^*
... »*&;/,-■
i;^J'^pSki'^fi'^ w* i
y ._ _„,„.oreof/Good Yalues
you do if he won"*'lIsten.,to,you*. Do
not get discouraged, .when.. yon meet .a
man; .let™him, go "and-.waiti till ".next"
time, and when,you see that/he is'7 In
agbod humor, then,try again and again
till'you get him to think.- \ Of',courBe,*
some times, if you'come across, such
animals that have no bralnB to change,
Ir would 'advise -youn not- to .lose .your
time with him;-let him";hog his own
chainB .untilUhey 'begin-.tq .hurt thlB
rbB,- then - he'll; come; to' work, aa the
fielu is wide enough for lis all.-- >• <7
., 7;-' ..'--..-'••'■N. D.--THACHXJK
■■-. ,-•?.-
»-:ty-' ->;r aEOCKET'iSPECiAli FOB giTTODiYy"''-!*' -'V-^L
"7yiM *8-lb.sSac^S;Med Oatsi7y./ "   '"--'-   -mw.-x.>   ■   '-     i
»   "■
LOS ANGELES, CalAjob Harriman
the Socialist candidate7for mayer at
the lasi>-elecUori,"-wlll^giy>e up;hiB law
practice and devote the rest of his life
tc; iBprea'dlrig'fth'e/'doctrlne' of."Social-
inn.--: y:"yy:yy-y^S''y "'=•/-
-/-"At the outset-1-intend to exert all
mr energies ,to'send\ as many repie.
•entatlves as possible to-tbe state leg'
iR'a'ure 80;as toget the; power to enict
laws beneficial to'Socialism and evoi*'
ually puithe party safely and-securely'
in' the'race for leadership."- said Harrl-
man." .;."If. we* aire'successful In this I
will have had nothing' to regret at-my
of 'fbu'r^yearsfy'Yeti he takes'except
tion;when,' ,a\ an Additional protection ■■
tothe'pubiicl'f.'-ag^in cause to'be
;puhllsh'ed,''the:rl"hfbrinatron 'that U;iB
Vliegal;, to *koep?rjVenison '"after Dec.'
25th7 • "Wh^'iB^WSn'r 'now? <•• .Per-
ibhally; I 're'fflBe'''"lto.:Wear'the"'Ca'p:;
;In/coriclusibn?t Mr.* Edltor.vl only
wish" to "say/that," ini "enforcing* the
Game Act "Iam-ridt actuated'by the"
spirit of persecution,-nor-have I any'
'desind'to make-'it-hard'for anyone,
hdwiever sltuate'd.v/That on no occa-
isiori' ;have'.L-'been*, willingly unjiiBt,
but (this In reftirence/to that "nigger
in, the fenbe")'""l! wish* it distinctly
understood that'officially I have no
friends.    '< '**" ".")•;;io.'..-- _    .■ >.    ."
., '; I'remain, '•» ->'.*•',' ;       ;  ■..
- "'V-. tyoufs truly;>'■ "•
"     '\;  ..     '';'.,'«;,...,0;fj. LEWIS,".
-   •>•*■ /:/.:• " 'Deputy Game Warden
' Did you read O'Brien's speech>in our last issue,
and-do you consider him a 'desirable reprcsenta-'
tive for tho workers?" Th^oro'aro,some,who cliam
ho. is an--"irresponsible" person,V ., Next..year you
will have an opportunity • tp express ■. yourselves
through tho'ballot. Aro you going to send-another
"irresponsible person"-to Victoria^br "do you" still
prefer capitalist representatives? Get'busy* so'
thnt- your .representative miay^bo.'Sont^to-.Viotoria*
with no uncortain majority. No votes willybu
"BtHigh't or csfjolod from"cyou, * ^Tptuj-'ititelligohco,
albrio is rolie'd upon, and any method adopted1 to
blind you to your own interests is a challenge*, to'
your commori'-Hense! 'Industrial unity-is strength;
Political Unity ~ Victory. , y   .*•-.•"      — /",'
'."C  }'•'
•  i r « »i 1 r ,, ,.,  .,
selves Wlmt right havo you to.expect tho full re-
ward of your labor t You do not own tho mines,
the mills, tho factories; nor did you create tliem—
did you Besides, hnvc you not sent your representative* to legislative houses to look after your in*
tereats right here in a "workingman's country "t
Have not votes licun bought, and objections to voters raised in order to ensure thnt in n worker's
country, such as this, yon Jthould hAVA a vote in
the framing of laws? And how many representatives have you pledged to uphold your tnter«its
udovc all! How many? It doca not take much
calculating does it?
A cable dispatch from.Itomo states.that tho Pbpo
hns refused tlio German Emperor's suggestion to
intercede for ponce between Italy and Tnrhey. ' It
is hard to conceive how tho, Catholic head* can reconcile much boosted Christian teaching with, such
a refusal, unless it bo that ho is under tho impression that sinco tlio Turks and Arabs refuse t'o accept
Christ aB THEIR Saviour tho cannon miglit ho
more successful iri hiioclciiigil into them. In theso
circumstances, no doubt, tho Holy Father thinks
"The end justifies tho menns."
According to a noted Paris clairvoyant tho German Empire will fall in 1933. By "fall" who doubt-'
less meant -tho,, monarchy. This samo prophetess
foretold mnny national events which havo proved
I...,, m      «     *  v  i.1  '      « » ,-
u.n.       J ,io oi/nuij&iV, al  Ufciiuiiiij  <u«j guiil(j tit ii
rupu] iwnjc, aiid Dure Ih um nu<rUlou that next
month's elections will acq them a mighty nnd powerful forco in parliament. That the monarchy is
doomed in all European countries thoro can be no
/•„'»,.<.,.!« ~ T»   !,. "I..-I    .    ... ,U...   ,/»   ,',,, , t»   it
t>- -V'-'n-        *•*•  >••>  •)»*  "•   l.ku^w.   >jt  Vk.t.v,        111  \,nK.
prophecy comes true it will ho yot another evidence
that tho moro autocratic nnd strinRent tho mon-
arcliy tho quicker it is doomed to destruction.
defeat in the recent election."
CAN'T DODGE-PAYING77 --"■> .:-■•-
'■       --U--   MINERS FOR INJURIES
INDIANAPOLIS; .Dec:rM.^-Then*!^
of5,John P.-Dougherty, conl miner*."'at-'
alnst a coal mining company-hae been
confirmed <by> the Appellate Court ot
Indiana in ihe-Biim'of $1,250 fo'r'damag-
es~ caused by-rock -falling-from- the
robfor-the coal mine.;.- ■•■y'y •"'"",:
"' The mining company contended .that
the evidence, showed the miner-was assuming theld anger, of'the loose" rock-
because" he*" had-;called'• the- attention
of'the'*'mine boss'toVfit'and. had begun!
to'lwork^uhder the rock after the-bo«B
An industrial war is once more about to tnko
place in Entrland. „ This time the capitalists' hench.
men, the military, will not have il all their own
way. The strikers intend to claim their rights as
human beings, viz., hy defending hemsclves. Of
course, while m'ui'h praise and enconinms will he
^•wei-ed npori Tommy Atkfoa in uhooting down
the workcrti, what an outcry there will be if Tommy
gete a scratch in-the tenffle.* ••*<■■
7"- , Ca'nmore,'Alta.',,Doc. 22,1911,
To the Editor,' District1 Lodger': •'
■^Dear Slr,-~OurLocal .Union decided
to :'bo11 the hospital to "-Dr. Brett of
Danff ond build'n'good union hall so
that the slaves'of.tills, camp may havo
a place whore to meet n'ftd discuss the
treatmentVthoy 'get' from tho' master
class, and educate, themselves for em-
nnclpatlon. • At present we nre. having our meetings In tho hall, which the
PJnKinders'" Temperance Society, built,
on the* company's'ground somo* years
ago..' 'During tho last striko tho com.,
pnnjr.pu't us out'-so we bad to Hold our
meetings on the hospital grounds, no
matter whether It wns Bunshlno or
rain, Dut should wo ovor live to go
ori Btrlko ngaln-wo shall'bo in-a'posl*
tion lo lonm Bomethlng more thnn we
have during the last "strlko, since we'll
have our own hall—uriloos the govern',
mont 'Bonds some* rod-coats to put us
out of tho pnrkv''
>' Yob, but what If wo send some' of
our'working plum Into pnrJInmont'by,
thnt tlmo? Woll, thon somobody hn*
to go bnck nnd< sit down till -lio gets
hungry nnd then take off his collnr
and go down tho mlno with us, and
we'll bo nil— What! Scabbing? Ob;'
not We'll not need to scab; because
the rcnl strikers thnt havo been on
strlko nil tholr lives will go to work
and the strlko will bo broken for over,
ond evnr. Yes/ Tommy; but wo shnll
not got. tho chance to have such •
good tlmo as wo had the Inst strike I
.   .V..   .L,uvw..vt     *. A..**   .,  £UW..   b,ul ,
vo hnd nt th* 'flprny \*Yon, vh^n vio
wont flshlnB down thero? Yen, Johnny,
hut j on don't «»y nnj thing aboit nt,
having to wnlk about -to mllon nnd
•loop on tho bare ground with on bed
rlnttiw—oo w«tiVi>»»'     Vo»t **'n» «'^7
tlio wor«t of It, Po you remember,
Tommy, when we wont up the crock
noxt day and I caught a sucker, and
broke.the line, and he felhbnok Into
the water? Ye«, I remember vory well
when wo wero comlng.hotne you'fried
nnrt nto nil your flih on tho way
and when we were coming down hill
you had a big jtlck to support your
■elf with. ' Dan'and I-were coming
behind you, and we were laughing att
you, but -jl on did not feel ve ry funny,'
did you? You bot I did not: whim l"
got home my feet were that sor* that
1 could not walk right for n long time.
Do you call that a.good time?   Well,
had placed some", props underthe loose
rock, - and* that- .the. defept. was. Bucb-
that tthe"" mlner^cquld** have'made. examination^ and' determined •; the;,eaf«ty
.; 'yh^iAppella^CoHj^s hplds^hat]tjne
jiiine .bpB^^ayi^gt .ujder^ke^^majke/
th'ejipb^op, ■Jsafe^,' the'., miner,.. jwaB,, not".
bound'to examine *the boss-work to.
see if lt'VaB welrabiiiBln'or '^Wthere
any aBBumptfein'of.'risk.'''-^"''""'""•'"'<•;
'". 7. i'"',1 '■-   ■ *' ■■>;■■": - -    '- "•!*..,'Ni-* -,
-The''Laborers' Pension "Act,- which
Boston "will put - into - operation"' March
1; 1912.1& the-first lnstnnco of .a muni-,
clpallty in America; providing- retirement wjth half,payto% its laborers.
There, ha^.lweh' a persistent.,effort
made' for^yearMp.'eBtabllsh this pension .or^a.similar;,one... , Power, was
conferred, by tb.e'jaBt, legislature, to
Inaugurate.sucbl.'rf .law,in JQoston, Uie'
nalient",portions of which.aro OB,'fol-
'PWB,:,- ',, .:\7:. , .,;„:;•■ ; ;_,.„.-■
. .1, There shall .be , a. retirement
board for the,laborers .employed ,by,
the' city, of. Boston, consisting*;' of.th«
mayor, iho auditor and .the-treasurer
of( tho city, who .shallr'dlBCharge,tlio
dutlcB ljorehyjmpoBo^ upon thorn .without additlpnal compensation." . •■
. 2, ,'Aryf,Jftbprpr employed by, tlio
city, of *Do8ton'w)ib has re'achod .the
ago,of fl,p"years',',and.whd has boon In
the service,of the city, for "a period of
not iJo'fls'.tlinV.^D .yonrB, and..who" Is
physically,Incnpncitatod, shall, at bis
request, nnd with the approval of the
retirement bonfd', bo retired from .Bor,-
vice, n'nd shall,, recelvo for tho re-,
malnder ot his life an annual pension.
eauoT to .one-hnlf,, tbo componeatlon
which ho received'during the Inatyear
of bis sorvlco forstho city.. It shall be
tho duty of said board to retire nny
laborers In tho'sorvlco of tho city
who-hae reached tho age of 70 years
and hns served tho city for a porlod
of not less than SS years. ,-, •   .
Pewor thnn -IO como under tho compulsory, retirement, provision, while
the total number ellglblo to pension
f» 177.    "
"What did you toll that man Just
I told.hlm to hurry.      ;y      ,
Vt'Iiul, i'b'uL hd\o >ou to teii him to
I paylilm to hurry.
•What do you pny him?
Two dollars n dny,      - .
t_y Vim and Vitality
Are Msured if you wlil cteanso your
stomach .of undigested food, nnd foul
gases; tho excoss bllo from tho llror
and the wanto matter from tbo Intes*
tines and bowels by the use of
» .   i J,,   ,'       . ''. .'. ii
tbe groat fratt, kidney, liver »tomneh
atid hewel remedy," "  '!  '
, At all.dealo.ri 35 and (|0 cents boxes
or mailed by The Mg V\\\ Co:, Bt.
Thomas, Ont •   .
,-;-' 17,11b.-Jars C.land.B., Marmalade ...'. .1.,.-...-*r20o.y ';;
■,v--"■«• Sunlight!SoaV, iB'bars'for .;V.......i";.7.'.".   25c.  •'
1   '' .S Lifebuoy Soap,.6 bars for .,;..', ;:.   26c<..^ *^
'^ .^Colgate ,s,.T°"et.Soaps per.box ...........   WO. y -•.-.,
y-'.i . Colgate's*Talcum.*Powder?*'.i'7\%K.^:../;*,i^ 20e.7^.c-
f.! -*■ ■> Japanese" Oranges, per box ,", ,.,; 700.,*:^^,.
'/.i^'^NaVd Orangei/p^cloz:] f.\..'.%$$. A. £T 2607"'^;"
7.''] : iT'10' lb?Tins-Table Syriip'.v>r;.r?i..Vr.viv."i';cWh3.? ^.^"
'• V
\--V7 7-:>Men's'Heayy Wor]kingShi^in'Tw"eedp'Mannel^.>-t"*'**
yyyy ry-.'f-7  y yT-y   7.^t^-   ,-^r*.   ■s-.r.-ctLv's .t
V1 V'   • '7*7 Regular^values to .;......7.....7$1.50 "**>• " r ■"-
r« .   . '/,.'
>'r--^y\ **->:*■ ;^r-.y-.;-*-ff"   ''y^f1^^^^W^^^Bi7.: '.-■'
: ry .V Flannelette*-Blanket's^ll byr4,;.Special $1.46 J^xty,r ,y:
. .J" Flannelette"Biankks;'-'i2.by;:4lJSpekal.$l".M \
S-r-yy.j~y. -.t'.-,sl.iv.v»,-T;.-:-u,t-i ;/.**.*!*' -«.•* =--".•■'■.*' ---l^" '-■-v.? •'■v?-t
.*■.,.;; - 7. ff^annelette -BlanketH. in large sizes.   , Is good
.. U.„*,l: qu;ality-teavy\Flanneiette^w^^    blue or pink borS-. -v " - ■
''/>•..*(-.y era: 7 Col6rs:riQrey*or'7White,!*-V:;""^!>i 7-7 y^y, ,7-Vt;f
"y/ y »y - ^^*7,y77 y s^yy^^y!X'_y7 7\
r-' . -j- -11 by 4 "Regulars..v: $1.75 ;-Jtattird»y ^. .r |1.4I   : •,..
'  :-'« •12.by:4 Regular■■".". M 2.257 Saturday ..'■*;   1.80  y. -
■•'i'5;y ,--< -j.-.-o.^..., M.'.i.'- l-.iiV-Jf/..; !,-.-"7'-7-""-  y,7r>"' ■  r.7»7y-
....,_..,.. v v;*• ij^i^Ml-'iiaimelette*-9 Yards;for $L00.i,-7—7^:;:
; 77 y''' "Colored Flannelettes, suitable"lOTr"W*istB/House-^ ^
''". Si: Dresses:-^Kiiho^asifChiidf^fff'DresBeSr and- Pina-W"-*r.
*- V
■7;>; ci
r i ,(<
,--,*■     •-       -i'-"'w.  .\-"-        ••    '■'■*.-Nv.~'',,-fchr>.»,V;,v.V«fKj--
- -r...,^t", - ,y,cf;. Regular 15c.,to:13c:,pep„*yara^.^jL.>V--V^i/5*9'*
-■&.*     -   -r
ij7i<>j'':i'i.v4-.'7'..'-f7 ^y,. .-J.'   -■,'*•,     *"7:
,'   '   "-V"->     -v""
il. ■.*.-• >..r  \S n*.   n;  ,„
? ^t-.>, .*. '''■•. -' •
•u-*u  >•'*'< r,<-^ !.' -■
., I",' .^.'   ,,n..i
**v-'-,y ,<H;,;
•'•  'nain.-Tiri-y.
*-r*" *».v 7^ ,-v-f^ -*.,, .^n«u vm*««»>• x.r --t>«-*
We desire to takethis opportunity: vS
: a to wish our. many customers, and:
>-j.. '*    7        !•''"' i   ''.     " ''    a "'•-''■ ■'-.
S- friends "a very Merry Christmas 7 i
'■•y       "*-'",'-- •"-■'.'.. ;,-r ;    y.-y.yt ';>;*•-*, «"v "^ *.
.and to return du^h^aHythdriks^
forthe'liberalpatronage, extended.
•   7 , ,        ,      *■       -.',' " ' '- "' •'"?,   ,"'"    * '
..^tousduHngtheyear, • v/i:;, *'*r )'['•
s -
I. ", *,
7 '      i   tiw.si*
- Furniture
."    I,
--. ,—I
■'   "v
■py;^ -^
tr,i     ■    .      •*     ^ .1      -*t   < | ,v1        1 * •   *   >i m*    4»     •! ,-»
I »( '    ,"l   I*   0\lf* 1
Insurance, Real Estate
'   '      ' *     '       ■   '"■ *     ,$'. -'"   •   ■ 7  ■
and Loans",:5
iii - , *       *'./■'  '■'--, ;
** " ''"''   '"■'■fi'1"1 ■■ W*m*m-i^Jmmmi&Lm^mmLm*m\.'■■!!7Jm."i ii..mm■ iw .■■■*i.^.i.Xl.i!■,J.7,,."uij'..I.....■,   ■"',    ■—..■■■i..gTSSg
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
*r» »  W T* ***'   »    1* T    *-l'W"^  *     »    *■»•?        •%.-»    m»mw>
irtE *uaNauiain baink
atpyaMntrw tamn, ohiwm>*hmiW "
GAPrrAU.4io>ooo.ooo rest,- $8,000,000
VEvunrf *"■•««* •'The C*mA\ui Bank ol Ce-niMree ta vyApfi f Urn* drafts M
Um principal eUtaiHi tkel«Uo#Uif eeimtiiM wlHuwi 4«Ur t
&'-   »_    to     p£**  ess
AtmMtMmtffUf  KuwUmJi        mSmi 'mm    ' nfri^t Brtrtiww^i
fUetoMi ntUml uty  . 'hM»»hiMi>to &m*lm
-'<CgCi5 •   l» 'l^fcC*AhCI>l»tytk^  "y '■ >    aMta vfirtlttim
- fSL '       .$ESW*»k    mSSST*      fci* tySS12iM,«*
' Tbe amottti ef tlme.ikaftt Is »UUd ia Um aunty at Ummni^ where ther are mm*
•Met tkttlallierare *mwe to ilerttof, ttmrntm, mrtu* Uwi, Vnmmh, turiu, ym,
tuU, TOM*, eub, as tu ease iMiyl*. TUa aaanraa itet.Uw pym abread *wS
wottwi tbe uisuX irnoHtm lalantuw. ■ -    . .„     „ ai»
■«.U"A. ti"OA0K/H»t«iBar.
r  v  t    *t *   °*    V IJH>G3L£,^gayi^t %JDju&$Vm&SO,. 1W1;
<■ *■ IJ	
•»»\.i*» *<•» *>**«■ _r^l
.-. 7,;.. \yyy&m$ iX&g&X:'.
y -.delivered,:to 4all: y
, parts-of the" town -". -
*w^w»»y»?^^ yyyTTyTVyT1:;
•>^^ra<:ry^ a7-7£w
►, y?COALr CfiEKK IY/174>rv^
► 7   .,.««* ,.,        \   l.     .*■*-^,    v»'-^ .a-   5   -*    .c^^
' ♦?:♦> •ye* <
(-                 til
^    ".   -"•
-7 ",- 5oj ;
■re., T
■-«:•-  . '-yy. -■■'-' ■
ft*******--, <■*-*»
. .-,*''**
. «* ri-
V-T^Bt^atufa«A^j| "wedietter^ da£
for alt-the eMldriirbere^b&.ChristmaB"
tree arid presents being"exceptioiially
3Soopj i< iThe:CJub^gall was very _tastei-
tuIlyT dewrated^wUh^evergreens" .and"
festwnlng," and'the tree^'tself' was 111$
a /alryboVrer witlf scores of d'lffereit
coloredV«lectrlc. lights, •* which was
greatly^ admired;; , Mr>nd Mrs. W. Ri
Wilson'an-i. daughter, and .Mrs. Young
and Irvlng"were'-'air; present'" from
iPernle.'-" All' 'ttie'^prewW, were' numbered1'according tof age/ and' each" child
received.',' one j -according.: to the
number dra^n.froia a bag.; .This mode
pf dlstrlbutl'otf-gaye'-every.satlsfactlon;
the" ItldB beltfg' highly; delighted ,wlth
the pireseht", they' received.-,J; The, in-
habltantB". dt'i.Ooal Creek' wish to
thank Mr. - -WJlsoh^ for;,, the'- kindness"
and generosity, shown, in Jmaklng It a
merry.'Christmas'V for-ail the children
DCr6*  '       ■ ^     * ' * n■■A^■;J^■*-   ,'■-,,  ,™
«lghtlmonthB"'"stfuggie'did"'not' seem
to,'*^?I?P .^ -Jyeu.tMul ,eleioiSit7arid
them and,many happy:returns of the
f«at.ivjii '7 - "*' <-   ;.',- IV?'----" •- '-■■■■ <».-
.............. ^. . .. - - ,^
. >■
• >•
. i-
.. s-
-. >•
■ ->■
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"***** \'¥V V ¥ vYv V ¥■¥¥.»»¥ ¥»»¥ if "f'!
Aereat - Vcrnie ,-
_.*--;.-,v.-  *,,•-,-„-;>'"-'>-'
pellatt   "Ave.«
i "*- "*-» -"* ^7 sV "J » ' *.'.-
«■■>--';«* j-
'*-'»  '  '"', mV.    >' "   "      . ■', .-,.--.   7
l* .'.7;;ttJBar1 supplied 'Withs the"- best '.'Wines.
Ii--'. -. .-£? '-:-"/  V".Liquors and' CiRars   - -
" ""v^y.^ ,--•-   y:-y      y--    ■
- ^-<:
V' *-.-;-h-.-
' ?.-.
- e
- V ' ."7-   "" -'  '■ •   ~ ' ",, '■ * i A"^ -I
7 HoM
>WrH. Murr >   Prop.
1-;-,^ <:'i '-*•'.-:*,- '.."\".*i.: >j i ■' ',*iti f..;.
No.-" 1 'BaBt" was "Idle "on'*'Tuesday
j; through'the-alr-litfes belhg frozen up.
^Mr.and MrB.<3eorg"e Kopenhevla. and
,?aH???te'; ■^nle,.a'reileaving thin.week
for., Bankhead,".where they will - take*
up*,the}r"residence..- .-, ,y7 - , .^!
s.!;iA:!tea and;;bis'bellaii"eous "entertainment-,1 was Biveni'by', th"er:chlldreh:' .it-
tending -._.,,th«, -; Presbyterian -. Sunday
Bchoolion' Wednesday evening,'.."and
was' greatly enjoye^I by all present;- -.,;;-.
..Tournaments on the'differentftgarni
es are in 'full' swing at' the club this,
week. iv.<;?: yy7y.: .-?,.;.77 '.,7)5
;;A f"r«e; smoker-rqr, members will be
held in .the cTubJ"on New^Tear's Day,'
and'a'dahcVivill be'giyen ln the club
hall -iny the • ©Venihg, to"* commence :"at
8 p.m." sharp:' -. 7 £-y {",.-: „" k *   *j'.
:,-The old :Top'NotcSerJ tTeddy) bley*
into .cain'p.last^FVIdayV.but as" no one
seemed extra please'd .toT'see him.he'
left'b'y ttw.first train forflelds~ anew'.-
. Mr' and Mrs? Adam Watson spent
lajt week-«md^d6wn-;-at;"Hosm«r.wlth
Mr and ."MrsV^f Whylleil^ ,V - -- ■ 7"'"
-i^avejitogan; returned .back iii camp
from •hls^pm'Mte^d^in^he ,Red.' Deer
district and reports'great 'damage'done
to*'the-grain bylthe'Warly-frostB thtsy
V-Mr ahd-Mrs.- Jas.7Maddison.,spent
^MaSffi?.%^y-jW]th;'Mrvahd.Mr;s. .W.
<5r^J»y<»d..of^ej^eCi.;.,;j;,._.;!    ;
' Th*e.,riew ropev drive-was' connected
>IW"No*5 ^Fa-nnasr Veek;"atrt! 'Bhould
"put a stop "to' losing work through the
belt going out -of- commission;  ■■ '' ,7..-
Miss Ruth Spruston .arrived' back
here fronr Michel last' week and , -Ib
aBaIn;,walting On'table at' the Teepee.
v-   <■   ;■ i 1    r\   ^'*».,.J s.   ;•    ••  '    .n   - .
",Dlstli'ct'"BoardJ*Merflber J. B.' Smith-
arrived' tack from the Convention'at-
•Ymir; last Saturday.,,,,. I, ,'j ' ',-7--
Ti A -,yoii»g .lsiav"6rtianr;had' the mlsfor-"
tune to' lose a purse containing .one
hundred .'and fifteen' dollars,^ last Prl-'
day, evelng,' and he offers one-third !of
the money to the tinder, who .will * return*- it* to* him '.at House 12Bfl across,
the.tipple. Anyone,finding this money
to,»v*please Jreturii'It,'qb 'the .young
•<■,;» t>..
You're always welcome here
-"*7 '. ■*.   *    t '.■»».' %Jfc
-CUeah'.Rob-jiis, Best of
Food and every,
;.',"7 ." ^attentionk»: 7'. ■
.   .„J.,.LATBI. , r   .,!...
Suoh a calamity may not havo
man is a stranger la'camp and neodR1
th©' money to "pay his way until 'he
can>get;workr;.,\,'-.,-'.,'•'        '   ly.
, Miss Ethel Lanfear reurhed homo
on* WodriesdaV evening after spending-
a fow.months at Gateway, Montana'.' :\
Mr* arid ■MrB.'Qco.'Crnbb gave "' a
social to a good many of their friends
on .Thursday.
'• "-Tho. Methodist. Church wob comfortably filled on Christmas night to hear
tho entertainment'and Bkotches given
by the mombors and children, and
whlclfwaijrendorodIn'flrstaiaBs Htyle.
The following,Is'the programme! \:\
-■ Chorus by the children, song, -Tlie
Model Church,.Mr. ModdlBon; recitation, Lily* Hah; song, Four Jolly Sailor-
men,-.Wm. Phillips; v. oporetta,""THo
Fairy Ulng/'^by the children, with
choruses by onme; vlolnlsolo, J, Qas-1
kolll 'rebtatlpni'-Tho Drunkard's Fate;
nonir, Pleaso, Mr. Conductor, Mr, Mc-
Murray; roadln, The Pot nnd the Grid-
Iron, 0, Hnnnnn; song, Daddy, Miss I.'
Finchfvlolln duot.'W. Phillips and J.
Qnakoll; song, The Sinner nnd the
Song, J., Mnddlson: Drnmntlo Skotch,
"Tho OutcnBt," MIbs Finch, P, Has-
koth, R. Illllsborougb, 0, Hannan,
At the close of the progrnmmo the
children,of the Sunday school/wero
made happy by the "receipt of1 a sack
of candles, apples nnd oranges,
— >j.,,-»■,'ft--;- iy.&'y.<.-z-r-t'*-y-J,(-
.. -The• main?point' of "Interest"among
the boys,<at present Is-the. monthly
Pay day.- Ljt has alwayB been "custom-,
ary to-paytwlce.-a'month at" the -a! R.
and*"I Collleries>but now "that the-C.
P; R. * has- obtained a- controlling interest here; they-are-introducing their
system-for.-pay, dayrvh;;. the- first, Sat:!
urday after the.'15th of-.eacli month.
This weconsidef. a diabolical system'
and-detrimental .to all-concerned; and,
one which has a, tendency to establish
the truck system amongst^us.'. - * It waa
.this,- and this alone,."which • put.-.the
miners In Scotland (some^.thlrtyi years-
"agio) .In-absolute' slavery, and some.bf
our", older   acquaintances, remember
a coin of. a "realms was not Been from
one years' end;to another*? -orjf ^hey
did,"getv any money", it had .to "be" paid
away, in interest for getting their own.
I myself can remember "when, aVyouth
the-late Sir John -Watson (of the"great-'
est financial-success of^mining^lndrus-
tty.^thewEarwIch -Collieries;-of^Lan-.
arksfiirt; Scotland),iwhen<;3all-..jother.
collieries' established .weekly pays,-he
maintained It-"fOrtnightliv.and^on; the;
;*lug",Saturday, -as it -wassailed, -he
paid-.but more; money ^than he .did., on
pay;day;; but for.the privilege of get-J
ting .cash you paid one shilling in the
pound,- if you" had been fortunate !*en-
ouglf to earn-a pound,, you, got- nine{
teen-- shillings:--/' Of-.course,*"'this..waB
.considered-business.',-   But, as far/as
I" can ascerta~in:by. Webster's ■ Diction-!
ary, the*, definition    for . taking7that
which' does' not *-bel6ngt.to; you-i.^.is
"TheftVy Now Mr.^C: M. O'Brien,,M:
P. P.,-has a" bill before the house of
legislature'" at • Edmonton,-, which.» has
had its second reading, for^fortnightly
pay for. all- working men. f-The parent
bodyiof-. organised labor-in-, this .city^
(the' Trades-jandli^bqr^CouncilJ-has'
taken- -the! matter up - and;, appointed
committees" to I'draw vup, a .-petition} to
present- to5 the,Hon/, A. L. „Sifton, :Pre-
mierfof -Alberta; oiure-openihg "of Par-'
liament.rand,it. is,gratifying to -know
thatvwe are geting ."the hearty co-operation^ "of *t"fie. merchants" and: all busi-
!* 'la.'toJtlwIrTntenBst.as,well- as ours.,
[_- At"present; the working man of this
province' haB ari'o'p'portunlty^f"gett-
Ingbusy at once and getting Hhis'-peti-
,  »    ..     V
yonr' t^iftrn'n'f'M t*hi\t" nny dny™ '•
aye, tenlay, a flro may destroy
our Command *poise«alons.'    ->
■    -.•*'   .' 'ONCE' -'.7
■no witter 1i«if   Tw^orit*   '?.'?
amount, a,policy,protects you.
Tho premium la nojilduclouily
amali'tliat tbe price of a cigar,
a day will give you considerable .
Insurance, See us about this to-
day—remember to-morrow way
lie too late,
Give us a Call
Insurance   - Real Estate
*^*^at ^|p l*^^ ^^P ^*^p ^^^ ^^* l'^» ^P»* ""aw1 "a^^ *^^^ ^^^
wlll^ow' niB'^ppr&feM''"^'thbfee'
who'1"are;.w"orkIhg-i ononis '"^Bnalf/"'*1 V.
. f" \*? A'i"*".! -.:('.' tVlj'.'ii'iV?-.'-.'   ..r,oc;i v.
7.P.wing Jo-thejestlya person -thevTe-:
gular weekly meeting*; pf "Ucaj-,574! .w^s
postponed rto Thursday evening, 28th,
* At':pr*Bentt I deem" If advisable to
warn ^any'whq-are out of work in-the
PaBB' to* stay .-away from, Lethbridge,
as there. Is no "work In the, city,, and.
they are not employing.any more:.men
at. the. mines -meantime;." :.. '.,:.,.7.7,
•' .,iu; .,        w • y. 7      '*"'
,".Local' 1189, -which■""has' riot"',made'
Itself heard lately wlBher to Announce
to'the'Distrldt Ledger that'it is hero:
and' hopes, to account'for'.Itself from"'
nW ion. -' So' far not very much' has
been' dono,' but "when !*thb 'proper 'time
comes wo'have tho goods'and* intend
to _ deliver-them.- /Our first drawback
haa'boeh tliat'wo have had no proper
place to"hold our meetings; -but now
wo have as'nice a llttlo hnll as'any
In tho District,' 'ThlB "was opened on'
Doc. 18th with "'a aoclal';dn.d danco,
which'proved a'great buccobb. Songs
wore rendered byMra/'F. Glulllt and
MrF. GullltVand son William, as'well
as'by .T/'j;'Brown'and the Notorious'
Kid, Recitation's by'J? Walker were
very Interesting, "and with Bon'gB, boIob,
recitations lind dancing daylight came
too Boon.and'chnlrnlnn Frank Barring-
ban ordorod'the "Horae,'Sweet Home
Walts!," which brough't'a night of enjoyment to a cloBO. with expressions
of- thanks'to all who''assisted' and' rei
Bponddd to'.tho flrBt'oponlhg'of our
Union Hnll, ItofreshmontB were serv-
ed by the committee. 7
♦ 7.J7Vy ^ -: •   :, '!-¥
♦ !"'      HILLCREST     :-   .-'   ♦
♦ " 71 V By!'No. 15-- ' S,~ $
♦ ♦♦'♦'♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
v More'.than fifty "couples tripped the.
light fantastic "wrer the well polished
floor in the miners' new hall on Christmas night to• the;strains;of-Petries"
Orchestra-at-aidanoe.-inaugurated under "the" auspices7'of- Local 1058, ;U, M.
W: of-/A.,-when everyone.appeared to
have had the tinieof their life.- These
dances-are being '.held ".bi-weekly, and
much*credit is 'due-toour-worthy Recording Secretary-(John: Taylor) and
the Dance Commute'(John Hood, Fred
Taylor,-Fred'Johnstone and Dick Marshall) for the great' success financially
and otherwise, of .these.pleasant;gath-'
erings7- -. Stay-withJlt;>boy*r-there is
still greater-'success'to be attained'in
the near-future.-'••;■'• i '-"•-     ;.{,-»? .7 •
We*'are'sorry to-hear'that our oid
friend- Thos.* Smith- is" in hospital ever
since- leavlng> Hillcrest- for«Bellevuef
Hope you will soon be moving around,
Tom;| especially as we are looking .for
a; wedding. in-the*, near1, future.^ '»"^"-» •
yit the lovirig-'way-.Jamie'was-escort-.
ing-home the-Merry 'Widow- the-other
evening' goeVf or anything, - well—look
out/forDave^'Jamiet.'r v*b- >. 7'.-. i\
*""*•'."    '-.- >'.*.m';   :-;- •.».*< v.->, -. k~
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iyt nf A
..- ; -
SA! U 1
il *>:<*
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rfll   - *W ■     ■
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i'„ 'V'i'
; (Continued1, from
-  .\
fleers:of.^District.No. 18, United Mine,
Workers, qt»'America,.! for settlement,
and if' theyj ,agr*8ej'jtheir decision shall
be binding! and itinaj upon^botb parties.
"(d) In^-'the^meantime and, in,all
cases .while"'disputes,.aresbeing investigated - End,7 settledj; the miners," mine
laborers v,and ^H,otlxer, .parties, lnvol-
yed./nust^cp^Unue jbo work pending
inv!eGtigaUon'.and,vuntil final.decision
has-been",'reached ;y but where, miner,
Tho minors of this camp cortnlnly
onjoyod; Christmas.
Mr. Solilcsell (hotel proprietor) must
have boon well prepared for tho holl-
It did not Boom as If tlio men had
uyCa Oti itill.-t) tUl vlfelii UiOlUlllJ,
WIjo U\\ luUio'iijoM-f""
The membership .of .this Local In-
creasedfroin 235 to,380, and they aro
still coming. '\,j   .
Tliere wero few cases In tho pollco
Tho initios In and around (he vicinity were'all Idlo on Monday (Christmas
Day.) "* •   ■ "
Tlie Sluvorilan brothers had a social
and dance In the evening In tho Mln» J court, while a few of the boys woro
tholr*ey«s.In niournlnB—for tho Old
Yeor^-we- presume,
era* Hall,- which was'a hugo succeas
from ovory view.point.    The late
minerB,"7"mlne7;laborer,.or mineTlaborr
ers, ,.has ;iqr'."have been discharged t by
the .Company,' he ,-or they shall' not're-
mahi in'.the employ, of the Company'
.while..his-or.thelr^case,is!being in--
,vestlga!^ed-'and,settled. 4! If a'claim'
bq made.'.jvlthj^^lveyiays where^a,
mnn; or;men..has-orfhaye been unjustly discharged," the case Bhall.be .dealt
.with,-, according to.; this" .article, „and
If It,"Is'proven that-he or^.they have
been .unjustly dealt!! with, he, or .they,
shall-, be.i:relnstnted. , ■ If a claim is
mado for compensation for time, lost,
In j, cares where reinstatement has fo!
lowed,' it shall bo lo.ft.tothe.manvgb-
ment of the Companw and the Otfl
icersLot'District-No., 18,- United' Mine
Workers of America, to decide whaf
amount, If any, is to-.be pajd. ,'•
v (e) ""'Any breach pf this agroement
by,,'nny of .the, parties hereto is not
to,, void ..the,'said, agreement, but the,
same is to continue in full force and
effect. II Is not Intended, however,
by this subsection to abridge tho right
of tho men to suspend work after the
final settlement as heroin provided, if
tho Company, refuso to'bo bound by
any decision glvon against them.undor this nrtlclo,. ■ .-• •■,,.„- „
Article 2.—Duties of Pit Committee.
The Pit Commlttoo shall be a committee of three In 'each colliery or
othor plant coverod by this agreement,
selected by the employees working'at,
such colliery or other plant, from am-
bngst their, own numbor, excopt, one
member may be a Checkwolghman or
an-Officer -of tho,-Local Union,.not
noceHsarlly • an employo-ot tho Com*
pnnv, -      -        ,. i
The duties of the Pit Committee
ihnll bo confined to tho settlement of
dlsputCB, betweop tbo Overman and
ft'oreman, nnd any employee working
in or around tho mlnos, arising out of
this -agreement, nnd nil agreements,
mado In connection thorowlth, the
Ovorman or Foreman and man or mon
having-failed to ngroe.
The Pit Commlttoo, In discharge of
Us duties shnll under no circumstances go around tho mlno for nny cause
whalovor unlofls called ifpori bv tlio
Overman or Foreman, or by a miner
or day man, who may have a grievance which ho lins first tried to,
and cannot oottlo with tho boss,
Mombors of tho Pit Commltteo employed as day men, Bhnll not loavo
thMr plnr-AR nf dutv dnrlnr worlfln-y
hours, except by permission. ot tho
Overman or Foreman, or In cases Involving the HtoppiiKe of the mlno.
Article 3,—Penalty for Absence from
When nn employee absenta hlm««lf
from his work for a porlod of two
days, unless throufth sickness, or first
having arranged with tho Overman or
Foreman-and ^obtained his. consent, he
may be. discharged.. '   -      77
';AH "employees whose absence from
work would cause" any' stoppage"1, of
workiin'ust before "absenting th'emsel-
veV proprely. arrange..with or. notify
the^Overman or Foreman,1", for any^or
all r absences, otherwise they may be
discharged. Any employee who habitually, to the extentof.five days per
month/absents himself from work may
be discharged, ';-'-.. ,.-,-. \ _y
Article. 4-—Penalty for Stoppage   of
•..,Work._;        '   "■ 7";'*'   .*;    '•-_,  '
If "any "employee or employees shall
cause a stoppage of work in violation
of this agreement, he, or they Bhall be
subject to~discharge" by the.company
without recourse.    ""     ' - -  **    ■,.,-.
Article 5.—Check-off 8ystem.' - 7
.* The company will give" to the United
Mine Workejrs of America full recognition and concede^ the .Check-off system,
that i's to say,'upon the individual request! In writing of any,of the com-
pnny's/empolyees ».Ue company-shnll
deduct Buch ponies from their wages
each month" as is\designated,'*for dues,
assesinerit," fines and initiation fees;
in other-words, the* company will retain from"the .wages due' employees
any siim-they, may have, given orders,
upon the company,for in writing, payable to such" officers of the" United
Mine- Workers of1 America,-as may be''
designated in such orders, which shall
be,; continuous orders not revqkable
while the, makers remain in ttie em-,
ploy of the company...; .     7   -
Article;'6.-<ontract Mining Rates. '
- |1.35-per fori (2000 lbs.) of screen
coal.'.7^-,Miners- to push' the coal,:to
chutes.,. ,,,...., .,-,'    -,. .-■"*•
;; ?l.ip, per ton (2000 lbs.), if the .company'takes, the coal from the working
rooms, hecks of face of entries; - 6
cents per. ton extra to.be paid'for.
pushing/cars for every 200 feet from
present-location "of entries and rooms'.
Article 7;~Wet Places.' •
; ^It'-"Is;.understdod* and agreed that a
miner,.worKng,'on contarctwork in a
wet;BJace; shall be. paid extra consideration-for. said! work, which shall be
mutually;'agreed .upon' by the miner"!'
'miners; a'ndf:th'e. Overman, or manage-.
ment-;',>;*? A -wet" place- to" be considered
a:plaoe:where the water comes froiri
,^» roof, pr.-^here a miner has to take
Article'; ^yardage for Bone. ;.
,-V$i.p6';ipfer;lineal yard for four inches
arid'upwardsKaccording.to the thickness kqt'■ the ;bpne;'", -,.,'.■. :- 7!* t
Artlpie O.     ,      7 -.7,       "   '""
Rooms .not^to exceed' 14 feet.wide,
^rtlcle'-IO^Yirrdafle Entry.-'!-*.,"   ri
•>*, 12.00 ^Vlfaeaf yard,:;thlB to'lnchide
taking down elghttlnche^ of   draw
elate.-   _.,    V<7.,."■■'. "7
'\PV'yti**''™«rbw"'work to be paid
VnBO per. lineal yard.   ■ '■"--" k
All air'courses to be driven not less
than ^.feet.,-wlde.,:-..,-.-, . ,,,,; ;.
Article'^WTImber.v ,, . .
Entry rooms 20 centB! each, 5'booinB
to" be paid'for In. room hecki, price 20'
cents'each.5 -vaK ''u,.,,   .
Article 12^-Tracka. -...'".-
AllktrackB^to be paid by.th* contract miners.
Ralls! nott0 exceed more than 8 lbs.
tothe yard.    *
Article .13.—Company- Work.
The same rate of wagcB to be "paid
ns Is paid by the Wcstorn Coal Operators' Association'*'in' tho* agreement
which ■ was'made botwoeri * thorn and
District-No. 18, United'Mine Workers
of America on November,-17th, 1011,
and oxplrlng March, SlBt, 1915.
Article 14.—Delivery of Material.
-,, JiVMle the- present1 practice .-of. the
contract miner^pushing .the cars to
the chute.jre'malns Ih'-vogue   all v ma-'"
terlal such as.,timber,.rails, ties,'etc.,
necessary, for. the 'carfying^ori^of a'.
mirier's< work'ing'place, shall .be. left. at'
the' top of-'therchute! arid when' the
company takes away the coal from,the^
contract miners''room'"n'eck'or-face oif'
entry,' all^ material necessary for: a
contract mirier carrying'* on his^worki.
ing place shall be left there.""   '
Article 15.—Turn of Cart. *-
' All contract miners shall be given
an equal turn of cars,.arid,coal will be
taken from "their chutes equal. '.*
"Article 16.—House Coal. -,-<*■
/ Coal to-be sold to,employees at" the
mine for'J2.00 per ton screen-coalr-'1"^-
Article ,17.—Pay bay.      ' ;:;-.:,*>'.
The company will fiirnlBh duplicate
statements to all workmen and ■ will
pay "seini-monthly.     Pay day to be"
the first Saturday after the first arid
fifteenth of the month.
Article 18.—Holidays!
- The following days shall be observed as holl'days.V    -
-, New Years's Day.   -      .   ". ■.    *.
.May. FirBt .,,-."     °      H    -:."'."
Victoria" Day!  7   "    -,        /
• Dominion "bay. '""'*".' -"; 7 " -
• Labor * Day. > •  ' '■'-»->*',--   .. * a
■Thanksgiving:Day:     *.;-',   '.     -
."District and International Election
Day.'.      - '"7 , " '-.",,.(       ',.
" ChrtstmaB day.,   * ' '   ^
Signed'on behalf'of'District No. 18,"
United Mine Workers of America '"
"* .       - .. CHAS. GARNER, J. B. M.    •;
.,-,„..  ., LEWIS MOORE,      .,
.,!'".,-!-,'. SAMUEL .WATSON.''   ' f';. [
Signed on'behalf * of Pldrieer Mine .';
y  JAMES ASHCROFT."      .-."-'
Witness: • „PETER H. ASHCROFT. ,-
In justice .to the,"New Barnes.Coal.
Co. if must be added, tbat tlje'r employers have'beem wofirJog nadir wa--
ion.agreement all 'summer,'/the pay'
being 5.55 percent on'all'contract rates, .and the .12% per cent roa the.day
wage scale. .        • ,..       '.:'..
• . '--J^,  !- :."" - MINIMUM    WAGE!
At,a convention'in'Duluth of-**Min-
nesota Baptist ministers a resolution-,
was adopted'establlshing the minimum
1700 "per year-and that of a married'
minister at ^900 perHycaf7-, While it
has been popular in the1 past'to criticise the organizations'of labor; for.establishing wage" scales, It Appears that
the labor unlbriB.have imltatprs. ?.,The
;men.of laborexterid their moral aym-v
pathyto the"Minnesota 'fiaptist "miaTB-"
ters Inwthelr. efforts' to'"pro'curiB' a living wage. "    .-■■. - i *.    '; <.
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and Cold Wattr
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated.
'Phone In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
a     BusineM Street
Mieal Tickets; $6.00
8pecial Rate*; by the week and
the month'and to Theatrical par-
'ties.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner 50c
The finest of Wlnet, Liquors
and Cigars'served by competent
and obliging .wins clerks.
• ' ,-*''.-,-' EVERETT, WASH.
'Will get no satisfaction from a study
of the "election return's in that city.
While tho Republican won for Mayor
ty'a voteof 2,425,.the,Socialist candidate, was close at his heels, with a
vote, of 2,0621
L. E. McDonald
'   and '
Express and Delivery Wagona a
< Speciality
And Nothing- but the Boat In Fresh
and Smoked Meats, Fresh and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Ete. Etc., go to
1 * i
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
Barber Shop
": •'    Baths
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool   '
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazelwood Buttermilk
mwmmmmmmm iiiihmmmmmmi
Victoria Avonuo
FERNIE, B.C.       Phone 34
: ,    •*- r... •:     ■.,/•-■
...        .  r . •—-,- ,,. — N ,|
Men are urged to stay away from Extern British
Columbia and Alberta. There are hundreds who have
not yetxpmmenced work;since the strike settlement.
City Lots, $400 and $450
Payments   Easy
For full particulars apply to
Union Land Go., Natal, B.C. "^
» TUliMUVCTTjara
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.Under, the Coal Mines Act
"■. Tlie following-papers were set before
the Candidates at the Fire • Boss' ex-
ination held on September 15th", 1911.
,' 'Candidates must obtain CO per cent
of the alloted marks-to pass. Time—
One^aijd a->half-hours.  \ ,--;.   .. ,
' «   -lj • Say fully the requirements of the
Coal Mines Act regarding the use and
.* handling of explosives in a mine.   14
-  2.  -What are the requirements  of
. The Coal Mines Act as to
,    -(a) Ventilation;       ' .,'
£(b) Safety lamps. 17
-    ,3.   What' are  the requirements of
the Coal Mines Act regarding the sup-
pi'y'of timber in a mine? 8
4.   State fully tho provisions of the
;,   Coal Mines Act, with respect to tho
' Inspection by competent persons of—
. (a) A mine in ,which gas has been
,(b) A miner.in which gas has not
'' been' found.  . y '* 13
. „ -5.   Stale fully the qualifications and
duties as laid' down by the* Coal Mines
Act of—., -     :     ' ■
(a) Ashotlighter:        . ;'
' (b) A Fire boss. ■-      ',-'-'     14
,6.   What-is  the. smallest quantity
o*\ air you would have passing through
-a{mine where there aro 233 persons
employed and six liorses-at ono time?
How many splits "would you have?   13
7.   What are the provisions of-the
Coal Mines Act regafdlngTsigrials on
"underground  planes which are self-
• acting or worked by machinery?   11
.   .,8.   What aro&he provisions of the
Coal Mines Act regarding chains and
ropes used for raising and'lowering
' persons?   " '•       "" 10
must be of sufficient strength to withstand the force bf an explosion.   ■   15
6. Is it-possible to have an explosion in a mine when your lamp gives
no indication of the presence of.firedamp? If so; how?"" Explain-fully.
-    ' V. ->.      " -\  7" io
-.-■7. If a fire-breaks out suddenly in
the Intake airway of a mine a short
distance from the ,' downcast shaft,-
wliat means would you adopt to secure
the safety of the men in lite mine? 10
S. What aro the most common causes of ignition of gas in a.coal mine?
and. what steps would you take to
prevent them? Are there any precautions you would adopt to insure greater safely lo tho workmen employed in
a mine other tlian that required by the
Regulations of the Coal Mines Act governing ventilation and use of explosives? 12
t ,.. „
7 '"'-•*       '    'LAMPS"    - ' '
Candidate mustobtain 60 per cent of
the alloted marks to-pass. Time-
Two and one-half hours. -.
1. Describe somo1-form of safe,ty
lamp with which you are familiar, and
state what kind oft oil you ..would use.
' 7 , ■■ ■"- "• y   •,   . ;• ?
„ 2. Discuss the different methods adopted;' for, locking safety lamps and
say which you prefer. . • " 6
, 3. Make a neat sketch of a district
of-a mine with which you are familiar,4
_SllO_W.Inff_atJ<>ast_tAVn _<Sr)l 1 to Qhr7nr_*...r.
mearis of arrows the course of ventilation, marking on the positions of ail'
doors, brattices';"etc. Give the thickness and Inclination of the seam an"<*
tho number of men. employed, in the
--- , district'.'.
&ty~ *
- .-*' .1. ,
' -(ty'What are the systems "of ventilation in use,in this country,1 and state
-, tho conditions that would make one
system more available • than others,
taking safety and economy into consideration?   ' ' '8
5. What,quantity .of nlr would,bo
necessary to ventilate a mine in which
- 330 men wero "employed?   Would this
quantity bo sufficient under all cir-
1 cumstancos? '     ,' 9
6. If on-making your round of Inspection boforo the men commenced
;work! (you found a body of gas In a.
working placo, state fully what you
would do. - ,g
'7.   If 35,000 cubic feet of nlr por
. mlnuto is passing along an airway 9 ft.
wide'by G ft. high, wlmt Is lho volo-
city? 9
* 8.- A rock tunnol C^ feet high by
In ft. wldo Is being driven nt nn Inclination of 1 Jn g. it Js expected
that this tunnol will Intersect a conl
Bonm which will probably glvo off a
fairly largo amount of flro-dnmp.
Stato fully what ' precautions you
would take and how yon would vontl-.
ldto tho tunnel. Tlio tunnol will
roach tho conl sown at a dlslnnco of
CG0 foot. 10
' 0. If an explosion occurred in n
mlno durlna working hours, nnd tho
minors eoulft not get out owing to tho
prosonco of nftor-dnmp, doscrlbo in detail what notion you would tnko.    0
10. Doscrlbo tho thormometor nnd
watior-Raugo, nnd say for wlint pur-
posoH thoy nro usod In connection with
. ralnln'g. 10
11. Doscrlbo fully how you would
teat for flro-dnmp at tlio fnco of n
I working plnro ,nnd how you would-na-
certain wlmt porccnlaKo of flro-dnmp
wns present.
"    PRACTICAL WORK  '   -
Candidates must obtain.50 per cent
of the, alloted marks to pass?    Time—
Two hours. - '
A. Give your views as to the practical requirements for examination and
keeping in order of
(a) Ropes
(b) Cage links and chains
(c) Detatching hooks. 10
,. 2.   Describe with" sketches how you
would retimber a main haulage road
10 ft. wide and 7 ft. high, where.there
is a heavy side pressure with a wet
broken roof. Give the dimensions of
the" timbers-you-would- use and the
distance apart you would set them. 12
3. What weight of coal in short
tons will be produced from a level 7
feet high," 9% feet wide and 1,400 feet
long, supposing one ton In th esolid
occupies a space of 271/& cubic feet.   7
4. , Describe with -sketch the, principle and.action of the forcing pump.
7 10
.5.'. State in, detail the manner in
precautionary bore holes against old
drowned out workings should be conducted. State what precautions you
would take in re-opening an old mine;
-" '    .    '      "10,
(J. Describe the" construction • and
mode of erection , of a dam to "withstand a high pressure.of water., 8
7.- ,A double track with rails weighing 18 lbs. per yard is to be laid along
a roadway 1,500 feet long..   What total
rj/lt.^.lQ-V.f-^.1?—wn?1o_TT.I11_V. a '.aahIJ^J,! l'_ 1. J_
-T-». -^»e>"».-\/i.-ici.*»j- ITf Ill-uc-I^VJ,UHCU'JlU_bllUI L
oi, although;.it\was gather too 'pprus
i'j>d bulky.     In the fourth class the
proportion of .resin and hydrociruou"
bodies had reached the right ratio as
compared .with' tW humus. and .**: esi-*
duum, arid the best^coking,coal was
obtained.      Bituminous" coals, of the.
kind classified by^Gruner might, there-1
fore? be loolced upon .as "an agglomer-
ate'of humus, and the degradatio.i pro=
ducts of these bodies down to carbon,
lu'eti and protected hy resin b"odic3
a.td tlieir- derivatives;, steam coil "and
anthi&cite as the degradation products
of huiriis which had nearly completed
i's decomposition owing to the small
quantity of resin bodies in the orij-r'nal
.'cpetation; cannei rem, as cons'stiri*?
•or'nly of resin bodt'e,-, which havtav
bren id. a semi-fluM erudition had mingled with the earthy matter in contact with It, so giving the high ash
found in many kinds.  v In this tlRiovy*
of the composition of coal the terni3
"humus' and "resin" bodies dil. not
imply any one definite compound, but
merely bodies ,of this character, the
humus bodies all containing a percen-
tagevof"vhydrogen  from  3, per-cent
downwards, while,the resin bodies all
contain   a   percentage"   of ' hydrogen
above 3 per cent, o If it was once admitted that. coaV was a conglomerate
of this kind, those obscure points were
explained which no other theory touched—such as ..why of two coals'of al;
most Identical composition and of high
oxygen content, one should be coking
and 'the other non-coking," the reason
being that in the one the lilgh oxygen
content  was   due  to ' humus   bodies,
which would not coke owing to the low
pitch-forming nature of the hydrocarbons, while, with the 'other,' the oxygen was.due to resin bodies  which
wiere essential to good coking.   .
tofel|^^'*)j'«ii,^ilft'i'll llli"^
ioh: bread.-' • ^"Don't "form a labor, partyi*.
the,speakef"ufged^"but7keep" your"organizations; intact 'and''■militant Don't
Jet "the other fellows" do.-ydurjp'olltlcs^
If ybuj'db/yo.u get .the" clubjsurej'as
fate:   *"Th*8;necesslty, for;;corporation*,
iritpolitlcs is'~as **grea't' as*"ft' is'in'the*
industrial field."'   x' ;7'-7". 7-77. 77'
"-.Pittsburgh ,mllls andlfaptofles, many
"bf jwhich■ have "been- shut down,;are-re-'
suming operations;.--' Recently the rail;'
roads haye/placei"',,, orders in^the;Pitts-
burgh district .."tor .over."30,000' steel
car's. '■•>     '. *;* y-*y-~j .->>i.-?\ ;,:--7;
7 7j6hn:barberVd.d.s.; uds;,,.  ;
7 7fl:'\ yy DENTIST-"7 j^"-^   \y
Officej^hfenderson' Blccfci-'IJernle^ B.C.'
'riours:'8.30^0 \i?r-2-to?57
,W. R.; Ross k.'C.J ;7* v . -.   w/ S.: Lane «
,'7;.- •"•_■;'; »■. M. A; Macdonaid , .■;;"     7.\,
.^ROSS.tMACDONALp- and  LANE   y
Wrnie,- B.-G.-7j? S'-'y'."t^"'Canada;^
tons? ■. ' ■       y •=* ■'     '9
8. Describe a system of working
coal with which you are acquainted,
giving particulars and thickness 7 of
the seam, and a description with dimensions of the timber used.    ..    . ]4
0. State fully what precautions are
necessary.to insure'the safety of-persons en underground haulage roads.   9
JO. Stato the causes'of sudden outbursts of gas In coal mines, and whui
in your opinion should bo done to
prevent them. '" \\
. (Next week will bo published list of
questions sot before Candidates for
Pit Doss.) ■   ■ '
. ' Tho Prussian coal Industry Included
nt t)io ond of September this yenr 207
conl mines. This compnres with 268
mines at tho corresponding porlod ,of
Inst year.... Tho number or minors on-
gaged wns 579,4GO, as compared with
572,811, nnd tho quantity of coal ox-
trnctod In the first nlno months of tbo
year made 112,0GO,00O tons. This compnres with 100,110,000 tons. Tho
quantities produced Included 80,920,000
tonB from nhlnoIand-Westphalla, and
31,490,000 tons from Solesln. Coming to brown coal, wo find tho numbor
of mines exploited was 846, ngnlnst 345
nnd tbo workmen engaged 54,120,' ngnlnst 54,116. Tho quantity of brown
conl produced was 44,130,000 tons, against 4,0,870,000 tons. The total num.,
bor of workpooplo ongagod In „Prus-
slim coal mining Is 033,580, not mnny
loan Hum Uio total numbor ot -employes
on all tlio rnllwnys In tho Qoman Empire,
-s   ■■
CnndldnlOH must obtnln 50 por cont
of tho nllotoil murks to pnsfl,    Tlmo—
Ono nnd n hnlf bourn.
1. N'nmo tho j;nno8 usually mot with
In cor.I mines, filvo their chemical
composition nnd stnto how you would
dotcet I,hum. 1*3
2. Doscrlbo two different mothnds
ol slioi-unng. nultablo for a dry nnd
uwitij {iWt.v. iJtMk.UMit lim uilMiniuKCH
nnd dlsaiivanlngca of each method nnd
•ay which jroti fircf-jf. ]•*
3. Wlmt nro tho cnmtoH of blown-
out allots nnd wlint nro tho ihiuwrs ut.
ifciittniii iipon tin-in.' S111U1 wlmt prt*-
caiiltoriH should bo ndoptcd to provont
them. . 13
4. Find tlio number of square fret
of rubbing surfuro In an ulrwny C ft.
high and 7 ft. wldo and 750 foot long.
5. Skotch and \\o%c,x\ho nomo form
Of nfoprfnf; yon tvquM erect lu ordtsi*
to Isolate lho fllwKlonod worklngti ot
a mine from llio «l*tlnic worklnss.
The atopplnj? In to »* bulSt In n rourt-
way » foot wide by 6 loet *hl(?h, and
90* "i.
SMoftb Gun
In tho opening Cnntor lecture nt tho
Society of Arts on tho Cnrbonlsntlon
of Conl, I'j'ofoHBor Vlvlnn 11. Lewis
snld mnny cliiRHlflcntlons of conl hnd
beon HiiKBORtod, somo bnaoil on tholr
cliomlrnl, nomo on their physlcnl nnd
othorH on tholr coklni; proportlos, nnd
of tho Inst tlio most goiiornlly adopted
wnB that siiKROBtod by flrunor, Inhulnt-
Inj: bltumlnouH conlB Into flvo HnsHnH.
In tho first clnas wero tho dry coiiIh,
yleldltiB Inrgo volumes of kiih nnd liquid products on diminution, and thoso
na nilRht bo expected, moBt resembeld
the lignites, nnd shnrcd with them tho
propnrtv of nnn-rnklni' or bln«Uni» tn-
Rotlior of tho residue on rarbonlsn-
lion. This wns duo to tho fnct thnt
tho hmmiK-ilko bodies wore ntlll pro-
suit In niuih IarKor qunntltloa thnn
tho (ouliilo compounds nnd hydroo-v.
I oiib. Jiinl an on dliilllliUU.'.i 1 vv I.-ft
no IuuI.tv? mntcWnl In tlio ifl.-.idnc. tli.i
;valni-, Jioiilos r-ould not m\iA/ cno..«h
to kivi> moro thnn n frlnhlo vr^s. '11
'li* second clftfls of eonls ulto.pd est *U-
lions of tempornture, pressure, and
tlriio hnd lw! to further do' imposlM'tng
of the lmr.i"..v hoiltftA, and t'..o yt^tr.'.t
f-oimtltucnts «nd hydroci-'u 13 bnvn->
tuauutoud lu tullo liyn'oiiKiiiiiulion, it
point was renrhod nt which eoklitfj
took place, altbouftb not of a satlnfac-
tory chnrmctor.,l In tho third ctnta the
nctlon hnd continued with further con-
c-entraiton of tbe r-suln borll«*. hydro-
ccrbonq. ami tctitduum. wl(U Uiu xumli
tbat the former bodies were to in-
erf-nsed In comparison to tho humm*
xnd residuum that a good colco r#inl!-
The" colliery development at Barm-
borough, where the Manvers Main Col-
liery -Company propose sinking two
shafts,' thus finding work for about
2,500 men, is to% be put in hand immediately." Men have commenced 'clearing the aground' preparatory to sinking
operations', and a siding' is being cut
connecting up the- concern with the
Dearne Valley Railway. ' .Thecoming
^\f?_+V»A_*.A.r._Y.r.l71 A..»_n.m_H..i. ..1....1..11	
vi- tuc-u^H^vviuci j—u.in^iiui.-jjiai.ciiaiij.T
increase ' the" population of Barni-
borough" itself. Tliis is provided
against by the conditions under which
the coal leasts are secured,- but it will
add to the prosperity of .the Mex-
borough district, and prove an illustration of the fact that, despite the
development of the new coalfield In
the Doncaster district, the older coal-
getting centers of the Don Valley are
by no means played out.
Some three deca'dos ago nn English
chemist by the name of Clarke,- found
that lime in solution 1s precipitated
by the addition of moro lime; this
seeming paradox Is easily explained
when wo conslderythat the lime in solution is. tho bicarbonate. Tho Jlmo
that Ib added is qulck-llmo (oxldo),
and this converts the soluble blcnr-
bonato Into Bolublo carbonate. This
Is a most Important chemical truth,
nnd nppllos to mngncsla ns woll as
to'Hmo. , Of porhaps more consequence ls this fnct, thnt when wator,
containing Hmo and magnesia bloar-
bonatos Is boiled, or agitated, theso,
by loss ofi carbonic acid, nro prcclpltnt-
od. In casos where scale rosults
from theso salts only, tho provontlon
Is vory simple, viz., either a treatment
with Hmo boforo ontorlng tho bollor,
or preferably by boiling In n container
nnd filtering or allowing tho sodlraont
to subside boforo coming Into the bollor. ( Unfortunntoly, wo raroly find
this simple combination In our Bcnlo
forming waters, nearly always to tho
carbonates are added sulphates and
chlorides, ns well. Now, mtlphntos
nnd chlorides" of llmo nnd mngnosln
nro prcclpltntcd by enrbonnto of sodn,
by trl-Bodlum phosphnto, or by tun-
nato of sodn,—Sclonco mm Art of
CALQARY, I)oc. 27.—AL tlio Labor
Hnll Tucsilny night tho Structural Iron
Workers organized a locnl union undor
tho direction of Mr. (Ico. Howell, tho
Hocrotnry of tho Trnrlos and Lnbor
Something lllco 8C por cent ot the
Iron workers In tho district Joined
tho union, but It Is expected thnt In
vlow of tho Dotnllnon llrldgo Company
locatlnB hero thero will bo at least
1211 members by noxt .Tunc.
Practically nothing wns dono Inst
iiiKdt lioyond tho ulmion nf ottlcors:
The officers elected srcro:
Ihrcsldoit:   C. T, C. Caswell.
Vice-President:. »T. Qulnn.
Hocrolary:   A. W. Ilrockcnshlre,
Anoi'm-r mtfilng wjll be lnld Jn two
weeks tlmo.
Detroits   Methodist   Bishop  Voices
. * Theory of Universal'Peace     ,
-^DETROIT, Mich. Dec. 24—Thatthe
real hope of univeral peace lies in an'
inevitable refusal of the masses to be
led to .war was declared by Bishop
Charles D. Williams in a sermon s today at St, Pauls Protestant Episcopal
Cathedral. ■•
. Alluding to-the recent confessions
of the McNamaras at Los Angeles, he
asked:     _   .
"Who can deny that certain crazed
fanatics who have, resorted to'.-wild
acts of violence have had ^grounds to
look upon present industrial conditions,
as amouiiling7to' a-state- of .war and
to* regard "themselves in the.-light of
heroes?-   '"' •'   . ' "    •'  „'   "       „  "'*'
- "It is unreasonable to condemn labor
unions Jn general even If some of its
leaders should have proved unworthy,
All hope of industrial peAce would be
gone if there should" ensue against
organized]'labor an unreasonable' reaction, of which; there are. some signs.
Pointing to .the. Italian campaign
in Tripoli ap4 the Russian activity in
Persia, Bishop* -Williams" pronounced
them the two most unjustifiable wars
in history, and he .'added that the propaganda or. arbitration would have
about as much effect upon nations
governed by; the'motives shown, in
these two-wars .as would 1 a canvas
covering upon the volcano Vesuvius.' *
Proposal to Bring Together Two Bodies of Socialist Party.-.-_  7
WINNIPEG, Dec. ,19.—The Social-
Democrats and the Canadian Socialist
Federation .are negotiating for ari amalgamation.". The former, with headquarters in Winnipeg, have 600 mem-"
bers, and .the .other, with" headquarters
in Berlin": has 1,600.--;A meeting is
arranged for Port Arhitur" early, next
month. 1 '      \   •;   .    ' '   .-■    *
Onward;"" Christian - soldiers,
. : On to heathen lands",
Bibles in your pockets,"
TRifles in ^your,"hands;
";Aec"! if of your sermons'^* , •*■
;* They be "having" none,"'
, Spread1 the "blessed tidings!'
-,'  With the" 1 Maxim gun!
striking motorme'ii "on the Winona
(Minnesota"),'street car lines to,havo,
the, receiver ~for the street railway
company act as, arbitrator in the strike'
proving unsuccessful,,the men declared
today they will petition the courts to
intervene.1',.   f' ' '-."   "-
Cars,are being"operated, heavily
guarded by police. *,An omnibus serv-'
Ice, established by tho strikers, is also
being run. V -" - '   ,    "
Chinese law in 116 required that
all officials who drank Intoxicants
should be beheaded,
"Despite the effortsxof organized plutocracyto* destroy the labor movement
and its concentration of. power "Tor
this, malevolent purpose, the official records show there are," said General Organizer Cornelius of the Amalgamated
Association,of Street Car Employes,-
"7,500 more, union men in Los Angeles
than there were .before the' strike in
1910. The Merchants and Manufacturers'. Association of Los" Angeles has
sworn that it*will destroy'organized
labor. ■ ■' Behold labor's proud position
in- Los Angeles today!" All of the
judicial machinery \*;as operated "against iis.. -A few days ago*',we passed
a law embodying the-recall of judges
—the" only medicine.-that will procure
of the "strike of "1907, tbe peoplo are
going into the street car business''
"Ultimately that "city will have a splen-,
did municipal system, and.our,union
will be dealing with tlie city, with the
men working, for" fair wages undertho"
best conditions." Mr. Cornelius urged concentration of . the purchasing
power of labor, and told of remarkable
results achieved by union bakers of
San Jose, Cal. ■ Whon the boases started unjust war upon -them, tliey established,' In self-defense,' a bakery of
their own." - Their, profits aro about
?2000 a month, and oven their former
antagonists aro amongst.- their' beBt
customers—everybody demanding un-
->Sc6ttlsh"M. P.'s-Ask for-Inquiry"'
' ' A;deputatIon representingthe whole
of-tfio' Scottish- members-who sitvfbr
mining districts waited upon the Secfe-,
tary for Scotland this week to urge the,
desirability of an inquiry into the housing conditions in mining districts. '..
Mr. J. H. Whitehouse, M.P.,-quoted
from a report by tho county medical,
officer" for Lanarkshire statements
showing that in Innumerable villages
the, houses provided by-mine owners
consisted iy the main of one apart:"
ment." . Houses were sometimes' built
back to ba'ck, without-damp courses,
with Irregular, and broken ceilings,and
walls, without washhouses, "coal cellars
or garden ground, and frequently without proper drainage or water supply.
Mr. Whitehouse' contended-.that tie
report of sucli a*committee would re;,
veal the "existence of intolerable conditions. •'•;; '7y    '.      ".'-, ""* - 7
Lord Pentland, replying, pointed out
that-local authorities * dealt .with tho
question by by-laws,-', and" suggested
that if steps were taken to'-bring about
greater activity on tho- part -\>f" local
authorities arid to-increase"thiiir-powers, tho immediate"objeot" in7 view,
would bo obtained. -An inquiry could
r.6t be confined, simply''into miner's
houses, because it'"* (would -inevitably
lead into the more general inquiry as'
to tho housing of the Industrial, popu-'
lation" of county burghs, whero many
miners lived.." Ho would-; consider-
whether itv was practical to havo an
inquiry into the conditions- of"" housing in Scotland. 7    "**. • -.'  7 \ \ ''
7:7v7;i_:.P:- ECKfefElN-77".-7,~   V
^.---■-..     *»-W.-.        -.-  ■•'.""-■ '••"■- '-.
'   •  BarristeKat-LawrSolicitor, *.."-'
-   -vV. ":-.■'^y" "'.-■■'''/i"'^.*" 7
F." C. Lawe.
;Alex. l.Fisiier
; , '.ATTORNEYS   \
* Fernie, B.^C. . ;
,    L.,, H..  PUTNAM    ,'    s . "
BarrlsteiVSollcitor, Notary Public, etc*,
BLAmM0RE7    ,7 ^      alta!7.
Pit Disaster
At tho Jammngo Pit, Blngnall Hill
CollIory.Audloy, Stnffc, on Snturday
5tn Novombor, nn oxploslon occurred,
In. which Blx.woro killed and sovornl
owers Injured. On Friday morning
(Nov. 4th) "gob" flro was discovered
in tho Biillhurst aenm, and tho men
woro ordored out ot tho pit, only suf-
flcfont staff bolng retained to oroct
stoppings to cut off tho flro. Thin
work procoodod satisfactorily nil Friday and Friday night, but about 10.30,
on Snturday morning nn oxploslon on-
enrod behind' ono of tho stoppings.
Tho aotunl explosion was slight, but
nil thq mon woro overcomo by nftor-
dnmp. Flvo woro dead when found,
nnd tho Blxth dloi^ns soon as ho roach-
coal fields
Dlicovery In Northern Brltlih
Itotind nhotit tho hendwat'ora of tho
flknonn, tlm Nnns, tho Stlklno, and tho
Klnppnn Itlvom la situated n conl flold
sovonty mllos long by thirty hiIIob
wldo, containing wldo, deep, rich
Bonms of flno nnthrnclto non-roklng
nnd smokoloss conl, the conl moBl."suitable of all for navnl purpoaes,' for
od tho surface. Mr., Amos Daniels,
tho general manager, who had Just loft
tho pit nftor twenty-four hours, on
duty, at onco dosconded. A llttlo way
from tho ahnft bottom ho found a number of men lying on tho ground. J-'to
nt onco obtnlnod nBslstnnco, nnd sent
tho mon to tho surfneo. Proceeding
ho found flvo moro mon, nil of whom
wm, dead. All these mon woro a
long wny from tho placo of tho oxplo-'
slon, but wero In tho direct roturn nlr
current, nnd.'so received the full of.
feet of tho nftor-dnmp.' Only ono
man was killed whero tho oxplofllbn-
occurred, but all working thoro wore
Injured. Tho pit wns closed down,
nnd tho horBOs ln tho mlno, about 227
In nil, had to bo abandoned, aB thoro
wns no possibility of getting thorn out.
QuosIIoiib hnvo boon, nskod In tho
ijmiBo of CommonB touring on tho ox-
ploalon, nnd tho. Homo Secretary hn«
nppolntod tho Chief Inspector of Mlnos
to hold an enquiry, undor Soctlon 45
of-tho Mlnos Act.
In tho chlorlnntlon process tho ^ore
copper ln the 010, tho grontor tlio con-
sumpllon of chemicals. Whore pyrlto«
nro copper boarlng   forty   to   fifty
poundB bleach   nnd   thnt   oqulvnlont
,*,...,,    nmcinnt nf aiilntiMrtt* nM,\ »,.*.. 1,,. ,„
tic nro tn dtton.     Thtn mnp;nlflr<*-tit Innlreil, wltllw wlw,rn rl*>nr Iron pyrH-*»n 'j
•■    mvmniwam'"''     "*   *
Year's Holidays
, For the Round Trip
-,' Beween all stations; Port Arthur
to Vancouver and Branches.      "'' \
Going dates, Dec. 21,1911, to Jan..
1, 1912. '.    ,7"  '   .    . .;*    -\
Final return limit, Jan., 5th, 1912.
Tor,further, particulars, apply to
nearest agent, or to
R. G. McNEILLIE, District Passen-
- ger Agent, Calgary, Alta,   >
. v     , *-    ' f     - ■**
'-■   ":  A. McDougalii Mgiy ■'"-\ \
':** ■     7 >,. . .y
Manufacturers of arid Deal-
'u- -        ''       -■'---'..
..' ers in all kinds of Rough ;;
7   and Dressed Lumber   :-
Send~;usvyour orders
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go.,: Ltd,
Bottled Goods a Specially
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ross & Mackay tiSB
MAXCrtEQTER, En:.. Dc-c. 2A.—Tho
commltteo of the Ijincashlro Cotton
okituuuvtt .\U>nvk[in;hiifcr»' An-ioclfitlon
today decided to lock out all workers
In tbe mills belonelnr to iho FVxk-ra.
Ifon hcglnnlnB- Deeomher 27tu. Tlio
lock ont Is n protest ngalnut the at-
lempu of th-o trade unions for ««*«-•
tbetr ranks.
Ko f<;w<>r than 160,000 operatives nro
coal field In said by Its dlRCovoror,
Mr. It. Campholl Johnston, tlio well'
known mining engineer In North Hrlt-
Uh Columbia, to be soconil to none
f'Vpr xot rtlBfnvi^roil rm lhr> ^mtiHrin
continent, and, ca«nl to tho Pennsylvania coal fields and tho "British Welsh
conl country from which lho coal sup*
plIoB of tlio navies of the world are today supplied.
Means of communication with tho
<*oul iW'hu nro at present lucking, but
the Mnckemslo and Mann short line
from Htowart to tno Interior la one of
jtho quickest means ef development al
present under coastractlon. Stevarl
and tho Portland Canal form tho nearest means of easy access, but five railway* ar« competing charter arrang*-
moni« inio thnt district—«n* of th«m
being Mr. IL Campbell Jonnaton'a
own concern, lio hlmtolf reached tho
dlmrlft ffota lUulHm.
nro troated only ton or flftoon pounds
nro nocossary.
The butterfly from tho flowora may
preach ront^nfmoTil to tho tnniV t».n
parson from his pulpit may preach
conlentmont to tho toller, but although both buttorfly and parson will
ono. day reach tho samo level as the
toad and toiler, bow rarely do we find
any desire for an exchange at present.
Deafness Cannot Dc Cured
by 1V»1 *p*jl»*ttl*.«. «,» |h>Y «,r.w.l trttti i),f 61%
tz*-d uotuu of »na nt,   ihrM u «n|v ou kit 11
SniiMlttm. «ad Umi U by nwMlttitMstl rtuutkl
»«*<* t» <*m>4 bf m UfcisM wwutAM er th*
toufouM tmli't <<f li» i^wutiluMt tutu, titea it,*
♦ah* ti ftnlimiNl pm ruv-* t tumU'in law iluta.
twrWct tiULSWi. tait wtun H tw «uunw rttnuL I*mi.
f.em 14 Ihe ntiil. vtil tultM Hit tairummiife* «« h.
U«aW *rt »,t>t t.M» «,!*.► nmm.t %» Jt« i,mua tiiiM.
nttf nl tm nm mini fir r*ifir>*t   nhvfi Un. *ti"
ny mill CaUnh litre.   «»<i(l Inr rlWilUm. It,*
Stanley St  - Nelson
Oe»t Family and Worklno man's
Hotel In City; nicety furbished
rftoms with Bath. Bade, Wc.
each, m-jals, 35c,
A Union House
Prop., J. 8, BARR ATT
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
Gall in and
see us onco
P. Carosella
.Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Genta' Furnlshlnp
Lizard Loeal General Teamiters No.
141, Meet* every Friday night at
8 p. m. Minors' Union TTnll. W
A Worthlngton, Prosldwit; B. J.
Uood, Hocretnry.
Bartenders' Local No. 614t Moots 2nd
and 4th Sundays at 3.30 p.m. Secretary J, A. Qouplll, Waldorf Hotel
Gladstone Local No, 2314 U. M. W. A.
Meets 2nd and 4th Thursday Minora
"Union hall,    ». Jtoos, '3o\
Typegraphleal Union No. BBS- Meet*
last Saturday In each month at tbe
Ledger Office, A. J. Ttucklisy, Secretary.
Loeal Fernie No. 17 8. p. of C. Meets
In Miners Union Halt every Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Everybody wolcome. D.
Paton, Secretary-Treasurer.
United Brotherhood of Carpantart and
Jolaert/-tocall 1220. a J, Brana,
President; P. if. Bbaw, Secretary. ■W«**s;:;A-
. *"0
,7,'"vi7;-"'--'-7"ft*'' "^ ,-"
- ' "'V'' "'
<-.'■■' " 5
.-■..•   ■ ',.,-
'(i   -*•*;
1*'£\> !.«,- *(tr" < <v -
1^^£jN^s^^^ ;t
.1   :.
",; :-Eg Slgnbr,' 'blrettore   del": District
"Ledger, - pregoyl - vogliate'- publlcare
;qiiesto mio, Marioscltto1 nel •vo'stro"Glo-
7' male'.'-'»- ■' .'■:•'*-.\".'r 7.:$■'"*•,7"   '■'.-.7
v" . 7-77'y'' L'uomo7-•',■*''■■7 7 _
-..Si direbbe che l'aiccol a per effetto
jdl'rldestare qualato'.ve dl peggio'nel'-
nomo..-, TSus'clta rifa rlacende la gelb-,
^eia, ecittTTTe ;ri6V<e'glia:le.sensuale.*pas."
..sionl.rende l'uomo pronto ."a   cblplre
ferocee.brutale.7 A chl avengono le,
contese 1 "ramarlchl achi lo'percosse
senza raglone a quelll che si fermano
lungamente p'resso le. sostanze alccol-
lche e vaiino(Ccrcandri7dI mlscere.  Nl-"'
7 ente dlco ancora della mlserla a qui
,trasclna 11 brutlsslmo vlzlo del' bore.
'.Sul anlnio del beone 1 sentlmentl del
- dovore presso la famlglia e presso II
' .proletorlo si cancellano a poco a poco
e non rlmane In' lul cho un deslderlo
■ quello di sodisfiiread ogni costo la sua
-.vergogntosa passione."    Ed il plu delle
. volte sono questl 1-vlll esserl-che in-
tralciano la via del progresso al prole-
tarlo, rlcordando In pleno venteslmo
secolo II medio Evo Qulndi facilmete
s'intehde che' la povertae la-mlserla
■eiano; una coriseguenza loglca del in-
temperante. . Se 11 beone e un opera!
la.mise'ria dblorbsaed orribile penetra-
.senza ritardo'nella sua famlglia per,la'
; quale egll/dlventa'un-flagello un.es-,
18ere, Insoportabile. 7 Un\ altra; conse^
-"guenza funesta del'odioso Vlzlo e* la
!-Eorte della "prole* del'uomo- al'ciolizato
,-6 ormai prevato con centlnal del senysi
. che 1 flgir del'uomo iritemperante nas-
. cono. con-^008"-a punto" salute diven-
tano rachitl'propensi ""del. eqiFesIa" e
• dolla demenza. ' .Portatl ad essere essi
?stessi bebnie delinquentl sotto 11 do-G
miriio del'alccol.  '   ,; •    ''7
1    II.beone e cosl arteflce noFsolo della
7proprla: niiseria e de'cadenza'fisicao'
: morale ma andie'dii quella del suol
figUuoli.vittlme.irinocentkde! tremen-
do vlzlo.-- f.    '"■•,   ' v    % >".,,-.,..
7-i  •';.-'7'"'" ■    '-',     ■:'S.Dl.tSTEPHEN
' Lille, Alta., 19 Dec.y' 1911. -
'"' *" ' .-7'; V, 7 ';."' Brilliant, N.^Mex.
f ;-Ca,ri fratelll dl lavoro, vl vbglio dire
. del * crumlroggio eslstente'*. in I questo
campo.mlnerarlo-;dt BrilIianj;,^N."JMex.-'
. ,jja~uifaiiinq a questa parte71a_""sca¥
' beria'.Mia acquIstatoVcarattori-sopra-
• natural!."'- Sotto naturall'a'n'drebbe"an-"
che b«ne. - I mlnatorl possbno a, raglone' essere' chiamatl mull umanl. Tra
""breve, si "spera,.che gll ubmini linbar-
datl vorranno^pren^ere^Il,, posto del
i. ihull. »•* I ''drivers" iavorano 14 ore al
glorno per $2.95.' ■ E questa ytenb'cht-
' amata glornata dfclO ore. Di notte'sl
entra nella mlnlera.o'di notto si esce,
La luco del solo non si puo yedorla'.
Topebra nella mlnlerd o.tenebrafuorl.
• Cert! mlnatorl b! prendono 11 cdrro: alia
stazlone'o so lo condudonb, flno' alia
^'piazza," ad un mlgil'o dl dlstanza.'   Al-
, la fine del moso pol'dlcono. ln 20 glor-
nato lio guadognato 50/e perslno GO
, dollarl.7  Dlcono.Jn 20 glorniito ,rlnveco
.. dl dire In GO glorndte. ■
„   Voloto dogll anlraall, da tiro' o da
soma?     /■.,.'.
,,,,      Crowbburg, Kans.
Sdbato novo corrcnto, mln, raogllo cd.
lo cl re'enmmo a Chlcopoo, por dluthro,
nella mncollazlono dl un porco autbntl-
co, "nlcuiil noslrl -phrontl.'     " "  -
II glerno soguonto, njontrl. cl* dllot-
tavamo, In buona. armbnla, ad Insac-
care In camo sulna, caplto un dlsgra>
zloto opornlo, un sagrestono plemont-
«(io, n.ohledorcl I'olcm'bslna por la
nticra bottoga cattollca.
Proval un senso dl nifbmonto o dl
eorprosa. Un oporalo, ,un povoro
sfruttato, cho va In giro a mondicaro
dal pbyerl compdgnl dl lavoro, l'obojo
pel prcto,, pel puntello, cloq plu saldo
deiropprosBl'ono o dolllo Bfruttamonto,
« spotlncolo cosl orrondo, cosl, nauso-
ante, da far cadoro le braccla ad una
fltntua dl forro e dn far dlspornrc doll'
avven^lro II plu cntualaBniato sower-
slvo. Domcnlco Cnrotto, collu scusn
che 11 quoBtuante era II suo compdgno
dl. lavoro, "iii; dlede 25" soldi. 7 Scusa
magraj la quale apre i'adtto al.dubbib
che il*Caretto carebbe'dlspostb a'but-
tarsl Ja un'pbzzo sol*percb.e vl si butla
un'sub cbmpagh'b dl lavoro/'/'.," * ' .
vPare che quella di a'ndar pitoccando
per la"bottega,cattollca sla una'.malat-
tla Irifettiva 'che'raggiunge lb stato
acuto tutte le domenlche successive
alia paga. -■;- Un' compaesana' di inla
mbglie/un flglip dIMurlaglio Canave-
se, -1 aceva-la .parte del \ mendicam o
domeiii:n ?G novembre ii. .-.. -Tuita
questa gente iho da qusttrlni al pre'e
sV rlfiutata,, tempo addletrb, di dare
un soldo di soccorso, ad' uno sventura-
to che aveva'perso ambo le manl nella
,miniera! -' Bravl, avantl,, per Sant'
Alfonso e pe I seguaci della sua
morale.' < .  -    ''
;   ."   ~___j__; '   *" i
7 '    .     s CAIVIBIERA
7 - ' "' , JBoar Creek, Mont.
Slamo-sfruttatl perche slamo lgno^
antl, perche slamo fattl alia antlca.
Contlnueremo nd essere sfruttatl fin-
che rlmarrempjpopolacclo e trascurei-c^
mo I ncstrLaffan. * -    „
•II caso MeNamara e stato possibilo
perche la classe, lavoratrlce di questo
paese n'bii esefoita un controllo effica-
ce nelle cbntroversle tra capltale.vo
lavoro.    -. v-., ;   y ,>  ' r."
;• L'andamento/delle cose eambiera
quanda sapremo far della buona pro-
paganda^ed interessarc! dlrettamente
delnbstrl affarl.
.7 ""      .' f Bessemer, Mich. ,
'Sabato U. S., 2(Ucembre, il coiiria-
zioriale Giuseppe Mpiitonati, di anhi 29,
dl Sesto Calende, mentre faceva.-pelle
rlparazloni su pel p'ozzo'N. 6, cadde
dair'altezza dl 190 pledi; e pjerdette.la'
vita. 1 giorno 5 ebb'ero luogo' i funerr
all cheriusclrono impbnentl per ihter-
"ventb dl popolb. t, , II pbvero defunto
apparteneya a tre sodallzf di mutuo soccorso.""" r.„y ...777
Il'povertb Montonatl lascia nel do-
loro," una" sorella, unp.zlo, una.zia, cu-
glnl e cugine in Bessemer-,1a madre,-
fratelll sorelle ed un flglio di cinque
annl in Italia; 7 ■<.'■", . -'~h     .'"•   ,„.*'  ."
GOLD NUGGETSJN     .;-7   7   /'.
7 ■"'     7 • \ "chicken CROPS
'', VANCOUVER, - B." C.ykainloops is
ercited oyer.;an alleged jpree gold discovery;""". Small-nuggets7are-said to
have been found In' the "orops of'chickens from tho Silton,ranch. 'A small
number of" peoplo,have staked out
claims there, intending to7 prospect
further In the spring. .-*.,"
(Ed!—KamloopB this- time! It's
just wonderful at this tlmo the number of gold nuggets, diamonds; bills,
etc., etc./tliat pooplo. discover In the
cropB of birds—chickens, and. turkeys
—at this particular time of the year,
Whother It Is tho result of a disordered digestion, from' over Indulgence,
or whother. theso stories - are' started
by rthoso Interested, In tho sale, of
poultry—well, wo' cannot say.)
■ *" Aberdeen,';'W"ash.,7 Nov. ^24, '1911
.' Walka o wolnosc\wysla*"|'!ani*V-*now
na ulicach miasta.Abe'rdeen.o'Wash;"-.
-Walka robotnikbw.-ktbra trwa juz od
dluzszego,czasu;w tym-miescie przy-,
biera coraz to'ostrzejsza forme. '*
Glownle ch'qdzi 6 pfawq wyglaszania
mow na ulicach' przez mowcow uniij—
;,przemyslowych rbbbtnlkow swiata".—
Kapitalisci wldzac "ze;iirf ragraza wiel-
Kapitalisci wldzac ze im^agraza" wiel-
kle niebezpieczenstwo w postaci zorga-
wszelkimi sposbami 'temu'przeszkodzic
lecz jest to prozne.szczekanle psa na
slonl ce — dlatego, ze mu jaVno swieci,
Robotnicy. wstepuja- db"unir przemy-
slowych rohotnikow- swiata cnlymi-grb-
madami stajac do walkl z* wyzyskiem i
zdzierstwem klasyswej.'"" 7 "
Rezultat walki dotychczas'jest7tikki
ze qkolo piedziesieclu mowcow badz tei
takich co nie usluchall rbzkazu wszech-
wladnej policy!, zostalo areztowanych.
Do rozlewu krwl dotychczas nie dbszlo
lecz na to sie zanosl. •' - r
. Zarzad mlasta zaangnzowal wczoraj'
50 spccyalnych policyantdw, a dzis I ju-
tro I rcszte 'nastepnych dnl zamlerza
powleltszyc do Hczby 500, Jozell robots
nicy nie przestana * demonstrowac.
Tchorze ha 13,00 mleszkancow, az tyle
;, Robotnicy tez nie spla, I dzis rano
przy jechalo okolo 400 robotnlkow' z
okolicznych mlast," a dwa.razy tyle
przyjedzle wclczorem, lubjutro, aby
rademonstrowac wspolnleprzeciw pro-
wokaorskim rzadora tego' mlasta.',    ,
Wczoraj okolo gbdzlny osmej-wle-.
czorem robotnicy urzadzill ogromna de-
mqstracye po ulicach I pomaszerowall
przed ratusz miejski7gdzle oa uwiez-
ieni, walczacy za volnosc mowy, prasy
i.wolnoscoby-ivatelska tego kraju] "Z
okrzykami precz z lotrami 1 zdziercami
—wy pusclc nlewinnych na' wolnosc I
otoczyli gmach ratusza,' a mowcy pbc-
zeli przemawiac do ludu." "W tej chwili
na rozkaz szefa policyancl rzucili sie
na robbtnikqw, jak wsciekle psy I por-
wali jedhegb, lecz widzac, ze nieporad-
za wobeo tyslacznego tlurau cofnell sie
na rozkac szefa., Przyszla Im z pomo-
ca. straz .pozarna, ktora. zaczela lac'
,woda, do ludzllecz, po' kllku godzinach
robotnicy saml sie rozeszll. -'
-Z'kogo.sle sklada nowostworzona
zgra ja pollcyantow? -
Otb nie z robotnlkow, ale ze samych
lotrow i. zdzler.cow blednego robotnika
I-b!zncsl8tow, tutejszych. Lecz ta'-no-
lota zapbmlnal ze zawdzlecza swa egzy-
stencye.robotnikom", I°%bogacl' sie. ich
krwia.i'potem.1" . 'r - , - >
..^ Niech teraz-robotnicy wledza jakle tb
gadzlny zywia-'swa ciezka praca. .'"--•
Pomledzy... zgraja \ wyrzutkow zna-
chodzi sie te'z-jeden Polak, zapomnial
albo nlechce-tego_^rogumlec,_!ze'_swoia
egzystencye zawdzlecza nie jaklms tam'
szeryfom,-majorom it. d„ lecz rohotni-
kom.,'Dzis on przypiawszy gwlazdke
pollcqjna lazl po ulicyjak vol. Niech,
tez patrzy aby mu czasaml przed oczy-
ma gwiazdy niezaswleclly z glo-
du, gdy go wyrzuca z polleyl, Od po-
wletrza glodu,'. bgnla I .wojny I od
takich podlych zdrajcbw ludu strz'ezcle
slo robotnicy, I unlkajcle'takich,Jak
zarazy,' ' "    ,. "     '       -'    >
- Musze jeszcze dodac, zo robotnicy'
pod czas wczorajszej demonstracyl nos-
111 czorwone kartkl nastepujace'j tresci.
Free Speech, Free Prosg, Free Assemblage. Ready to go to'Jal^tb defend our rights.
, Tych kllka slow nlch poaluzy w przy-
szlych wyborach, jaklch robotnicy po-
wlnnl . sobie wybrac przeilstdwlcloll
bwo jej klasy, na przyszloso, jezelj nle-
ohoaby Ich spotkal los jalc'nas tu°w
Aberdeen, Wash. — S. DymldaB." •-
What War
-And .yet war-Is. very hideous, very
revolting and very disgusting..'1' Some
years ago "the grpat Russian paihjer.
Verestschagin,;conceived the idea'.of.
producing a peace movement by'illustrating''upon canvas'exactly .what
war looked 'like.'' He travelled hither
and. thither, wherever . Russia"' happened to be involved, arid ultimately
met his death-upon the JbattSeship
Petropavlovsk during -a sortie this
vessel made from\Port "Arthur at .the
time of the Russlo-Japanese war. .incidentally, it is interesting to.notice
that the 'admiral commanding the
Russian .fleet was Admiral Makar'off,
an old Worcester boy, while the Grand
Duke Cyril of Russla'also received,the
baptism of fire upon that occasio.-. -
7 A Hero's Death „
But the outstanding feature is that
Verestschagin, confident that his-canvas portrayal of war on land would
the death of a hero in.a vain attempt
to illustrate for the' information of
the world, Avhat an. inferno a'battleship or cruiser must becomo once it
is subjected to the fire of the enemy.
I had often heard of this man's paintings and I admit I was sceptical when
a friend of mine In Moscow said,to
me: "Come and see Veretschagln's
masterpiece at the Tretraovsky gallery. M you are keen upon war after
that, then you're,a stronger man than
I fancy." '•' ..
, The Idea amused me.' Bof,upset by
a few pictures of,dying men and,women! Rubbish, of course,^ and I
went full of a certain sense of insular
dubiousness. I shall never forget my
feelings as the attendant swept away
fronfjthe front of one canvas a green
baize curtain hung "bn brass rings. It
was'" explained to me that, owing to
the subject,-the Czar had decided it
was better always to have it masked;,
and after, having -seen 'it, I admire his
discretion: •   \
' In 'size the canvas was huge—perhaps twenty feet-by eight. Jn the
foreground stood a solitary priest, of
the Russian church, right band in
air, 'forefinger outstretched, making
the sign* of. the Cross over those who
had lost their lives for their country.
By his side stood a typical Russian
soldier, 'censer in hand, swinging it
backwards and forwards, and clouding the atmosphere with Its savory
fumes." ".-',
Hideous Details
1 . And the rest of the canvas, what
was it? Nothing at all excepting
dead, mangled," and naked corpses
lying In short stubby grass." Not-a
detail .bad been* spared. No two men
had died in a similar way. -One had
spent his lifeblood from a limb' blown
off by. shell fire; another was smiling
hideously,', and," one hopes, hadj found
Really Is
;Ono roads bo, much .about the glory
of war nowadays that at. momonts,
bolstered up-by popular enthusiasm,
ono Is.Inclined to forget what war
with a capital ''W". really doos moan.
Within,a comparatively rocont period,
says a writer In "M, A, P." I havo
heard how' tho, Italian troops loft
Milan and Romo for Tripoli, Thoy
wore bombarded with flowers and
confetti. Mon In uniform were admitted to cafes,and allowed tho hospitality of tho houso froo of charge
There wob ii literal orgy of wnr fever,
List of Locals District 18
•<v>. NAME 8EO. and P. O. ADDRESS
39 monkhood., P. Whcatlcy, Bankhead, Alta.
481 Tlcnvor Creek...... P, Gaughton, Boavor Crook, via Plncber
431 "Ucllevuo J, Burko, llollovuo.Wrnnk, Alta,
3103 Blulrmore  D, J, Chaso, ninlrmoro, Alta.
049 Burmls  Jos.  Derbyshire, Burmls, Altn,
327   Carbondalo .". S, Hndflold, Cnrbbndnloj1 Colomnn, Alta.
*887 Cardiff ;,. J. Poole, Cardiff, Altn. ,
*?<»07 fi«n»v.f.»r. *»t   f*   im..,1.•*.,.!, • r»«. .■ ....    mi.
*.-' ~>.      -».V.v     ....   ......     ..,     J^.,      4 ....., ........    W.......W. I,    .......
MM rinlnmivn w/Ornbitrr*, (WImtiiui, Mln.
2877 Corbln..;   It." Jonen, Corbln, B. C.
1128 Chinook Mines .,,, Wm..Poraytb, Diamond City. Alta.
3178 Diamond Olty Joseph Nairn, Diamond City, Lethbrldire.
8314 Pernio Thos. Uphill, Fernie, B. U.
IMS frflTiV n Wler*! 'FenwV .»!♦*.
8497.. Hosmer , W, Balderatono, Hoimer, B. a
1058 milcrcit.......... J. O, Jones, Hillcrest, Alta. j!
(74 Lethbridge., L. Moore, P. O. Box 113, Lethbridge
H80 Lethbridge Collieries Prank Barlnaham. tee., via., Klpp, Alta.     <
1333 Llllo.  w, I* T3van>. Lille, Frnnk, Alta
C839 Maple Leaf........ M. Ullday, Maplo Leaf, Bellovue, Alta.
I'm Mlchol  M, Bnrrcll. Mlchol, B. O.
14 Monarch Mine.... Horace Woodleld, Taber. Alta.    ■;
l%b'i Puiburs Robt Evans, Passbur-r, Alia.
1589 Iloyal View ,.,.,., Thoa. B. JlsUr, Boyul Collieries, I^thbrldte, Alia
mi Tiber..,.,  A. PaUeraoa. Taber, Alta. *
103' Taber,.,,... J. Cooper, Tuber, Alta.
3388 Ladyimlth J. J.VTaylor, Ladysmlth, B. C,
3399 frairmlsnd......... P«t«r MeWInn, finmevUnd, B, C.
m Welllnnton....... Thoa. Harrol. WelHnirton, Vt. O,
1155 Naalamo......... Jack Place, Nanaimo. B. C.
tho lust for tlio blood of tlio enemy
bolng.encouraged by tho female population, who applauded and'egged on
tho men of tholr nation to embark
upon a campaign of brazen burglary.
. And this *'War"--at tlio boBt of
times and with all tho rnlson d'otro In
tho world--lB It bo very glorious nftor
all? Aro battlefields ronlly tlio singes
upon which human naturo displays It-
solf at Its best? Is It tlio roar and
rnttlo ot Individual forco against individual forco any Indication of the
host sldo of what human nnturo was
meant to bo? While tho lnnd plays
the National Antliom nntl tlio Biirglnir
crowds cheer, mny thoro not lie hidden
away anothor side, a Rlilo no horrible
that if only tho outsider could «uffl-
clonlly. realize It, war with tlio capital
"W" would'almoit'automatically conso.
Thnt Ib the precise difficulty;- tho
mnn In the Btreet ennnot comprohond
whnt It renjly moniiB. Atljlio Beans his
morning nbwspnpor nt broiikfnflt ho
roads that tho floot of Sonnd-So bom-
*. •-.« -Wl t*     -vt-i.     »^ v*4    W<*    *Vk/ UttU t>\/    Mi    »« 11*
tYplor-k yontrrrtny nTtprnorm. Tbt*
pnlnBtaklng correspondent nlvos somo
particulars about tho landing or tho
victors, and how, upon oxamtnallon,
the fortB of the enomy woro found to
ti/> r<riirnvf\fi/t *(irTH.  ♦».« h'-ll'i ."•' .♦?:•;
dead gunners, who had played tbe
game to the end. Very Interesting,
no doubt, and the roador, its he lolls
back comfortably In bin railway carriage or bio taxi-cab, moroly thinks:
"Well, they certainly put up a fine
fight," and then goes on lo road of
tho prospects of tils favorite team.
Peoplo do not und«r*tMd the true
nature of what they have been read-
lor, nnd, being unable to comprehend
tbe hldeouiUMs of tbe term In real
fact, let It puss in tbe same way as
they allow a thousand and one other
thliiw to pnaa thorn wlthont comment
.during their every day Ufa.
an, instantaneous exit from this "world-
by means of a-.bullet'just below the
eyes,, and almost on the. bridge of the
nose.'  And 'all'were naked!
There.was no distinction1 between
officer', and'.private, between noble1
man"-and serf, on this field of death."
All are naked and all were equal as
Christianity says we shall be after
that, great- conflict with human nature, which, we must all endure, and
which lands' prince and,pauper within the four sides of a coffin. I asked
why the-dead wore nude, and the attendant-said that in the Russian campaigns. In .Central Asia the bodies of
those killed were always stripped, as
tho uniforms wero valuable. Of
course;, tho corpses of the slain wero
vnluless except to thoso left behind
to mourn,' "Glorious War!" whoro tlio
doad hunidn belns Is of less worth than
a tawdry uniform!
Then I saw tho noxt canvas, nnd, If
I remember rightly, It wns named "Tho
Glory of War.' It consisted of nothing oxcopt a triangular pllo of skulls,
built tlor upon tier, nnd ovoryono np-
purontly possessing an expression of
Its own.. Each grinned and ogled nnd
smirked In n different way. Ono could
almost Imaglno that their possessors
In life woro laughing at tho foolishness
of tho spectator who paused and wondered nnd at tho namo tlmo thoro
was a horrible suggestion that thoao
sookotloBB oyoB woro grinning In
ngony when tho.fenr of death has pasfl-
oil. No wonder, then, tbat tho Czar
covered tho picture also whilst the
KusBo-JapanoBO conflict wns, In progress.
Terrors of the Unknown
Death at the best of tlmos rIvob ub
all somo foar, Pnto mny ordain that
wo nro ablo to pubs away quietly In a
comfortablo room mirroundod by Borrowing jolntlvcB, altontlvo nurBOB nnd
skillful physicians. Even thon It Is
torrorhlng. TIiIr Ib tho terror of tho
Unknown, tho agony wheh gonorally
procedoB tlio flnnl utrugglo between
tlio'powors of thlH world nnd of tho
next—nnd, tnltlrig nil In nil, It Is tho
greatest, as It Is thb final ordeal any
mortal is culled upon tb perform.
IntenRlfy this a million times. Add
tlio terrors pf unintentional mutilation, cntiBod, maybo, by tho pmhrIiik of
a gun-carrlngo or tho galloping of a
rldorlosB horso over the prostrate body
of, a wounded mnn. Add the long
nouns of lUwii-t'iu attoiij (iicruuwnl
by tho pangs of tormenting and unas-
suaged thirst. Add to that again, the
thoughts passing through tho mind of
tho aoroly stricken victim, tho thought
til home*, mil,.im en 'mutt mo t.iiiHlr<*n,
maybe romorso for sins committed and
And, this, plena©, In tho "Olory of
War." This Ib tho end for which
crowds cheer, bands play, and coun-
trtco lose their iKja-h and their conscience. Call It by another name
uud otic cuii'.cu nearer to the mark.
Call It "Hell!" nnd It haa boon correctly designated.
Try a Ledger hi
The Paper that gets there
;   <f Advertising that advertises is "the
7 sort  desired by'p'ersous   seeking :
publicity for their wares.: ,
* 'y*' *      * '.> -    * ■ '     ' > ■      ■.    > «i -      *       .
1   CfSelecting the medium, is important—the publication that reaches
the 7people — the wage-earners—- .
should appeal,to the  discriminate
purchaser of space.    '
■■■  '■■' " '■ .'' " -7y X.;   v., H. '      ■■''-'-
;   -tjf Its an  easy, matter to acquire
space in  a paper but its another \
point to get adequate returns from 7
7 the outlay.    .. ■;*,.\;/y-   -J~'-       ,;
Cf Advertisement^
y—aTe^he^ads ^ta^cli^gf^ten'^W'T
make interesting reading fromHirne   **
. to time, giving facts and figures:
-     •   *     . ■ ***"'   "   - '-'.- .    " •" S -7' ^  ■>';*-
,   C| Any an-angement, of type matteryy
• and: words,.in a paper is not advertising.     A well written and neatly
displayed ad is a source of iriforma-
tioriv that will not be easily passed ,
imdiscovered/   Discover your busi-
',   ness with, the use of Printers Ink.
^ Get■ acquainted: with your customers, meet them weekly through
tlie columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as you
advertise to dp-and-.when* you do
this you have gone a long way towards being a success.
<F Let the now comers know who *:"-
you arc and advertise your business.
<f The   District Ledger   has  the
largest circulation in tho Pass and
should bo your special medium to ,
tell your weekly story.    Just try-
can't toll until you try.
' "A\
r *-.|
"•  *i
- - .11
t.. ■ iiv
«". .        • -&■'
" "-rV  *J^
'Vv .'.".I
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger ■ J- fl  v-
■f*^j< i ■t^»*****'..j
. ■'     ■      ,.-*-y- -. — ■'■ -,*'- *■
1H1 DHTMOT UfiMK, flMDB, B.^rBBOBMBl* SO, 1911.
l'-'iV. ..
Here and There
- Don't forget the Dog Races on New;
.Years-Day. \- -"*. -..-'..    j
'   Mayor Bleasdell, who was on a shon
'trip to Lethbridge; is expected to re-
Dogs Find: Body
During the  absence  of
George   L.
- Pedlar, editor of the Free Press,
has gone for a frip Kasi. .1. S. Volume
will act in that capacity.
Wo are informed by I.:■>;'Hack, local
manager * ot" the, .Hank of vComnierce'
iliac tbeEasiern "Townships"   Bank;,, xews comes'Irom;Sandon'B.C.,.that
which* has"llaj,headiiuiirler's at  Slier- ,Thomas" Thomas7;whov"""ujj to.'the'cdm-
Llirooke, V.Q., has been, la ken over by,.- mencemem of the. strike"-was employ-
■iliem." The capital ol". The Eastern ^j al {-,'<* Crow*"*? Xest;TasV'Coal Co;,' ;• ■*According to an'old adage, "A little'
'< Towiisliijih Uaiik. is J:"!.00u,0ii0. .The , >c<^ 2,-Coal Creek, was-fdund fleaii unil-; kiiow ledge "is V dangerous thing." Like"
: merger will come luro elitci about ihe ei..a*- snowslide^oii Mondax'iast.^ '^ '/"oilier^'proverbs, however, Uiiaone is
'"beginning of'-March.- '- '-, •-• in closing down the Noble Five mln-1 i:or, always" true."   It is.only true when
'-    ',-    £—-—:—: '     '   ,     ; es'for the,holidays." the* forman seinyhepossessor of:\hat little-knowledge*
THE GRAND   , 7'three, of «"hls7meii,   Uhitr/'-Rdsa ,aiTcl-^Js. not aware- that it Is'little.. As' a
J^didMjmrd -[yWyyy
v^d^fnial ^allyyl^aj^
'.Thonias/oi.t to. shovel the Jrail taniuiiier1 of facl,*'no "man that lives, or
i . .Saiidford Dodge \vill be seen tonlglu enable his employes, one of wlio'ni, the U-vei^Hveii, kuo'w-s'or knew "much when
' lu "'-The Hilda of Way." Uilb'vrt Park-' coolc; was "a woman, io act down from < uio 'sum' !g(kr_oI" knowledge is" takt-n
Local merchant's repot i a surjifist*
ingly heavy Christmas trade, "where a
•few   weeks  ago  the  outlook   for. a
' merry-Christmas .was :not bright.
IllUSl -    VUIIU 11 'IIIIS «""-1 .HIV.  ^.|..<n        ', "-.I.       .V,U-^   «,«..-.       ...V.       .- ..   .. .-.o^-.......      -^        ~ y... v....   .  V,       ,,
tln-ou&tiouL     Wherever the piece has  the"Sovereign mine n dry slide.siartod 7)ni.v "sbTwl:
i been* staged it'has been "received with- from above and" caugh't^all ilireojnicri ]who amies
Trltes-Wood Co
dies, oranges, etc.. to youngsters on
New Year's morn, between tho' hours
of 10.30 and 11.30. -      ...
We  are  pleased   to  plate" that   It
B.'C. Hammond, city electrician, wiio
is at' the. hospital with an attack of
acute pneumonia, jte progressing favorably.
evs popular''rbmaiifo.     The"'story is'.tbe mine without difth-uliy,.    •'    .7'   ]itho consiuei%tfdn,' Vro'lundUS' is corn-
most    '-eriifiriiiliiVg    ami    ini«i*e«>Liim .."* On'-re&i'liiU'- ilia'switch-hack abovt   jmrativo, and .the" most,' profound are
*BbTwliJii"/*oiiiii.uefi   'with "those
ss so.: it often happens that
aiid a horse. ""Blulr succeeded in guUv individuals who havo abburb&d an im-
mi: out. nftor going iiu I. a short dis-
oi lmufiiui! inlwU, aiid is debervhi'g of' uiiice.    Jle made'his'way back jto'the
wide pal lounge.; *. *■'•- ■ -''    "'7     *   iniuo to give the alarm; while, Uosa,
On-Wednesday evening, the Grand 'was carried down neari.v -half a mllo
Theatre was tilled to overflowing.    1»>- and found he was under about a. i'ooj.
addition    to "the    excellent pictures  ot loose snow,     lie worked hla way
out and started down the trail to get
bolp. " .,.   • s-
  *emhusitibiu.   .The conin.uiy^support-
Is giving away can- 'fa Mr. Dodge is.' we^u.ierstaij^ ono
anown at this house, an oxtra attrnc;
(ion thnt night was tho drawing for $in0
' in void, distributed' among 7 lucky win-
i nors.
lnctinu unlouni' ol* knowlertgo. mnlclng
tlieni. 'in the comparative sense mentioned, iniu-vcls'af prolundity, are not
vle'ar in uiiderstundiiig; hnyltig merely
absoi'ued and not digested*"   '
In,(bo writer's opinion,- clarity IS
liiore.; inip'ortant   than" profundity.   It
way. If they found it 'necesVaryV.-and'
had the power; they wouIdVsiaughter
half; the working;-classr;,to-7 "keep^the
other half "down'7 If they"found it ne-;
cessary, and-had .the,power, to do so
they* would dump all the Socialist bal-
'lots in the, waste 7 paper {basket.-.-In
s"hort, they will ' take'Vany'-'measurV
they find necessary"' td*conseVvej5their
Interests as capitalistsf-wlthout-Tuth
or, scruple, and s'mall^ "blame" to'them*.
We, on our side, must be equally unscrupulous., .'   y .7 ;■.' '""•'y7
7 Knowing the direct and-irreconcil--
able conflict of Interests between"'our*
class and the ruling class, the question we have to-'ask-Is "How can we
most effectually atack-capitalist, In-,
lerestB? And tho answer, is "Educate
the Working Class." for behind all the
powers of government In tbe control
of the Capitalist's   Is"   the   only*'real
•-•7s- ";> 65cv- 77 "-".■ *SJ-
p- 7'^25c7nr
. is better to Ttitow a Utile well, than to
i ' Thomas-was never seen after; %>J(;e-.:ljic Wijositdry'01 un! immense aiu: 1st length of tho ruling class—the ignor-
"•slide started and Ross thinks he must .0unt of iji-diijestcd facts..- There'nre iance'of4he working class, -■
A meeting of those interested in
moral reform was ,held in the Baptist "Church "on-Tuesday evening- hist
to further their errangenients for sup-
portnig moral reform .candidates..
.Election of-Checkweighmen.
;    A party, went In search of the body .• outj'ln any degree, thinking over, what j to use any means' they find" necessary
I of Thomas headed ,by*J. M. Harris and.. ^y■ llftve r<i.iAi, '.Airsucli .'can j
J. W, Powell has resigned bis position as superintendent of the Canada
West Coal Co., Taber, Alta.j- and has
.left to take charge as mine",manager |.I. K.'Smith
On Wednesday last.wiia Checkweigh-
men's election., anil, the officials,, pf
Gladstone l^ocal were kejit pretty busy
all'day." "The result is as follows:
D.'Paton .".:.'..:.."..:■.....:.
do is to'wrench the club of government from
class*" that'
, class" clhce
sand drinks In water," and. give It off;classes;came--into''existencei-andVhas
s pncK 01 Hunt dogs. Attor. a snort (0; parrol-like, repeat .from'; memory;; the hands of"-the'master cl
arch-the dogs began digging ami. on , Uiey are economic, .pboiiograipb?;..tboy* club that ha's always"been'swi
inminalion by-Harris be,found the'd-)iuk  U} <vha{ they," have read  Hko i the 'heads of. thVJworktng.cl
[like sand gives "off,,vapor ."and, with|bften descended,upon tbeir heads.."
t0 j about as much intelligence,  -.    ,"      "   T- ----- j-»—"-* ^-i"-.-^.^	
,"--   A
. i;--
- of the Columbia Coal Co, at Coalmont,
B. C.    ■ ' , '    ;-   '        '.   -'': :
' A cantata entitled"- "The Waif's
Christmas" will be given in-Presbytef-
ian Church Tuesday evening, Jan.*2nd,
commencing at 7.45 o'clock:
sion 25 c. for adults- and
children.."   -     7       .7   -
H.'* Martin*
J.W. Grey.'.
Thorn Beattie
W^ Patterson
elected.7" As there is only one tipple
' Admis- iworking'at Coal;Creek at'pr'esent,'only
15c.  for' the'.first ■ two' will' find 'Imme'diatc em-
7,       iployment.".; ""'The/dnie'r^'tipple  is:'ex.
^pected to Btart in the" course of next
Ills pack of hunt "dogs,
i body covered .with about two feet of
* 295   snow.     7 7  , , ..
-276 >    The position  of .the, body., leads (to iabout asmuch intelligence,  -. r    In possession of that club> the wor"k-
- 241 ;the..bellef that Thomas was killed in- i.,4e"purposVof'tiie writer Is'to deal I ins class wllf use lt.^wbatever:W
'22G jstantly, va,B. the- head  was down  thej^ the.;lack of t.Jarity shown-by so Inecessary,to put;tlW)ait'ruling class
many- in, their ^understanding 'of ,- the Idp.wn'ang.out and then —! fling the
word .-."Capital,'', ,in Socialist' • ecdno-lclab^awkyv n^ojger7neoessary\' -\-v
mics.   '"■--    '...-)i-.*        ,-±y- •   *.-'■    -•*^With tne.-begJbniiig of cia'ases, gov^
*-.BvW science^ has its'owri termln- .^^t^k*1^!™^
olosy:;- -The terminology, used by Marx !€S government will end and-be replac
is tbat "ad9pted ih'- the
science of Socialism." ■ •'.  ,-..-.      - - ...
Government* ,fcannot„ exist   without
o*- -   *'   , 104 ; hill and his hijt was found on the root
,.-.../.    "' 97 , of a tree that was beside the body.*7   -
; TIkstirst-named" four were' declared j' .Walter'.Price,, a .friend of Thomas'
;has left.foi*. Sandoii to take-charge of
the body.       „ ..
.     *\   7 SCHOOL NEWS.
! month,'when Martin and Grey, the" oth-
The city schools were closed for the
&y useu Dy xuarx - — °~ir—*,- ;-   . v  t     . --
ie' study of the !€t*-by wllectlve administration"of Jn-
■In this 'science |du?tr^. fS-7"'^7V   •"*'.'■   « 77 '!-
, , The,'Misses 'Kinney,"Nicholson arid""eV*two'elected,' will commence work..
'Hogac are spending the holidays with j     ' ' - "7 '; ,' : ,7
friends at.Calgary,^Edmonton and En- s"' BIG.FIELD'FOR CIVIC„HONORS
derby.    'Miss; Smith is at '.Lethbridge; i   _    "*   y li      -r^-_—,
Miss'Babbitt-at CranbrooU;'Miss "Hoss :' ..Tlie municipal campaign"is,how be-
-"and.Miss McDonald  in-""Calgary, and',ginning to"take shape and form.   Ai-
theterms'used-hkvea certain definite
the- term" "Capital" among
,■ Christmas  holidays "Friday  last,   tlie ' meaning,
'--   --.'■'" "~-     -..-•■•   •■ them, arid-"above and before all other'
j 22nd inst.
j decorated
'.Miss Murray at'Banff, Alta.
{though*   teii   more  days-are  yet  left
i before nominations will  be  received
.The different rooms .were
for the occasion, and the
1 various . teachers,. and over one hun-
idred visitors were present to witness
jthe 'examinations ,and, exercises. ,-
j ' A total,"enrolment,"of 600, with an
'.average-atteridiance of over 500, is the
terms it-is necessary to.have• a-"perfectly clear "understanding of "this
'term" for" without it a clear • under-,
standing'of Socialism is impossible. In
a-governing class and" a-class to be
governed.-;'.*.-7 V-..--, y- "■ , .
v* Classes-canoht exist except as mas-',
ters arid slaves, owners and. dispossessed..'* y- ,• - •.-;, y y':,../>.-• '.*
With all„> members of society,'hav-
K$y"rr ■■■■:,
I -§!h!^     ,     • r
S*&S¥Ay. ;..,-;,.
"'J^ ^*:*-'
,     „.,    „ „                  31J ,      ,      attendance"-'record for the "Fail term, | conception.
;at the.,City Hall, nine candidates lor   _:-J ,.-,.,_'.....,'4 ,;_ ,_: 7„,' _ .,.._,..*„ itai:", ".   ■' '
„    ,      ,„   ..    . ... .   ,       ...       ,.      ,,     .    ,   -      . .*'■,■■*.,    -arid this "will be improved upon during ' ':a'
Hector ;Findlay  Nicholson, the ele-- ahlermanlc .honors, and..two; for  tho yy--   -^.^ y^^^~;,y;  r_y „.._,-.„!i"; 1
short,-a^n6wledgeof*Socialism--mustlLlnS"-'e(lual  ri&ts *P  the use-of the
be.built upon-a^foimdatiori of -r.clear m-eans.?^ Production,^classes and,gov-.
of'.whatis meant by-"(tapt j eW^.«» impossible, unthlnkabje.
{?.|. .---"•'.-"    :
-"' .«■ FresK-killed^Turkeys,'; mr lb7S"
*7-"-'/T- ■ n.  "' *"■"' - "-j •'< .7-7" "-"T-'
*,' _- -;Jap Oranges; per dozy; .Ky ^.*,.,..
yy .'Ammonia, pts:';;2 for;;^";," :vVV"/j J
?;  7;Gold'',Standard)BiikirtgvPqWd^     %:'iv*r'.7^-fv,.;
7';7Dai"^;Biftter,iu-l*4?'h). boxes \\u)\^0^0fyyyC?'
"? - "Toasted Corn Flakes3"for,P7..7"V7 .'.
.'". :■"■" Post To|istics^*2 •'for7..;».'.:'; ./.\. {.?.
« '    Buffalo Oats', 5 ]b.;pkt.,";2'for >/.;..;',.;.
:   - llobin Hood Oats, 5 lb. pkt witMhina
y "*: Chase and Saubo'ras Seal'Br^^Coffee^peP;^-* :'7  ,7:'t
.' ' -     f. ' ii7 "-••. 'J'".   " '   "   "■'-.'*'- '.  * ' --7-7."-"""'""lv 'AI\ii"   •'"'".
-.11).  .......... -- ...........*"••*•»......... "*.' **,v • (t. 1-"
,   '-.iBluo Label Catsup, per bottle;.:.%-.". 7-'. 7-" 30c ,7';
' -    Stirling'Flavoring; 4 oz battles,'each ...,-,'."--.25c\ 7,.*
. •    -Ptirling.Flavoring", 8'oz.-bottlcs, each'..};.*t|-.46o. ., .,
,,    ' Valencia'R'Eaisins,.tpe~r lb."....".-.. /;10e.*,~ „
7 Evaporated Prunes, per lb. :>.';' ;7*.7".10c, I2-/2C. 13?: 17.
*,'".-"-IVitnnaWCako Flour, 2 Ib7pkt;"2"f6> ...',.   25o.y/,
;'"    • -"Canada-First Pure Fruit Jams>,5 lb/pail Weh  *70c'77"
*' "':   ;Cliinax Compound Jams, 5;lb'. pail- 7.. .yS ,,;;.50q., ^\
"\ -" YfitWy's .'Miuce,-*!. lb. pkt. ■;?.."........ -.;. i'V 10b. „.';.
;225. yy
.- ,:•    tw
1 00.77
.*-   2Bo;-.-':
i    „ ■
.r J-:
ven. year.- old, boy' who took1; a
to'.leave this town," has; after a long
seafch'been discovered-iri Springfifelil,
N. S., with .some relatives.' ," "    "~,J
*:, - ' ;The ten inmates'df the'local-jail had,
' y a'great treat bnChristmas'Day, thanks'
tv-,to" the'generosity of A. A. McBean, 41
; j Meat  Market,  Crow's   Nest,  arid ,"D.
McKenzie. ■ Ducks, spiced cakes, clg-
'y    ars and other good 'tilings were all
there,; and the* prisoners 'made merry,
Plro water,-  however*;  was   not ori
the menu card. ""        "
;*y* *
JA, .if
Slji .pi*.
At 10.45 last night a false alarm
was received at the fire station. On
the firemen jumping out of bed and
looking from whence, tho call camo,
the number (25) Indicated that It was
actually made from the station-Itself.
Tho brigade Is now out with axe ln
band looking for tholr tormentor, To
all thoso Imbued with a sense of such
"humor" It may, bo pointed out that
the'law provides for a penalty of two
yoara imprisonment for such pranks.
intention of ^entering the race,
are as follows: .     ,
7 7;.7\ ;,For Mayor0
' A. W. bleasdell. -   ■•■   °
_,i_ThOBJJeck;' "7' '•'' 77 '..' ■
For Aldermen, (six to.be elected)
'..T.'L. Mclntyre*. f  _ ■_  „ '
Sam Graham...    " '7 .--7
1. W.. Robertson" 7
John"; Pp'dbielancik  ,
"W. Robichaiid --  ,  *
Steve "VVallace
W.W. Brown,
■- W. M.' DIcken.
John libxtori *
How'exagperatirigly-often one hears
suclr statements "as'-'-we^don't'want to
the twelve, scho'or rooms, are proving 'do away "with-capital,' but with, capi-
inadequate." for, the-lrirge attendance, italism.4";";1 Some,time' ago the writer
Two'-ro'oms .are  now*..rented  for- tlie '—w£0' malces^-no'7pretensions to;pro-
fundlty-^'wabi'fc'qhductlng an economic
(the next" term.;. .There are thirteen
7y-teachers, besides Principal Bruce, and
o. erf low, v and  these will, soon piove
A mooting, of tho Fernie'City Council.was held last night, Aid Wallace ln
tho absence of Mayor Dloasdoll, occupy
Ins the cbalr.
After tho minutes of the previous
mooting bad been read and, adopted,
a letter was read from Ross, Lane
and McDonald, resigning their position
as city solicitors, -which was accoptod.
A lottor was read from J. 8, T. Alexander, governmont agent,- stating tbat
tbe provincial government would not
, pay for tho city flro brlgado attend-
tag fires outside olty limits. Tbe
matter was left In abeyance,
The feature, film shown at the Isis
on Wednesday and Thursday night, entitled, "The Girl Behind the ..Counter,"
is one of the best pictures ever seen
In this country. The reel is 30.00 feet,
In three parte, and lasts close upon
forty minutes. The subject and theme
Is ono of those dark sides of human
life which unfortunately ls not of in-,
frequent occurrence, but which not
always comes to light,' The story, a
betrayal! and the rich, repentant lover
who arrives, alas when all Is over, and
the1 young mother ls dead, was most
realistically portrayed and beautifully
rendered. . Manager Miller would do
well to show tho picture onco moro
In Fornlo. For to-night and to-morrow's matinee and x evening performances tw6 ripping comedies will bo
shown, as well as tbe Gaumont Graphic
of the world's happenings day by day,
and othor Interesting subjects.
The' Waldorf Hotel  is "putting
a big New Year's dinner.
,      MINES   .
In Queensland .and New South Wales the Acts for.the prevention of accidents ln mines provides - that in
mlnos employing more than fen men
,below ground 'the mining Inspector
shall be tbe holder of a first-class
mine-manager's ^certificate, and be
ever thirty years of age. The Queens-,
land Act says: "Wherever any mining Inspector Bhall havo Inspected any ; talk-" Now- ■■"• is not "for such opln-
mine or machinery lio shall ontor in a , 'onated Individuals "as this person
boolc to be kept on the mlno or works ,thnt th,B lB written, but for those who
for the .purpose, his opI**|on derived real,y wlah t0 clearly understand and
learn' more^whlili a'--freakish female
of"the giggling,''ill-behaved and ignor-'
ant type,;'who" nad*"spent a few months
among well-posted Socialists and picked .7up a nufnb'eiTof- economic .'terms
without understanding them, turned
up. at the'class one evening and undertook to set the .writer right (?) In
"bis understanding" of tbe term Capital,
stating-that'he "didn't ought to tell
tho people,we" Wanted .to' do away
with Capital,-but with Capitalism." On
endeavoring to put'the lady (?) right
as^to what was meant by "Capital,"
she throw down'"the copy of "Value,
Prlco and .Profit," she held and said;
"Oh, you- only .want to-hear yourself
When .,Capital- is■'- destroyed-'the
means, of - life will .remain.', and ,■ they
will-. beT6urs'c6ilectively. owned,.co-operatively, used and tbVresults'lidlvl-
dually , enjoyed. v*. It; is "not our part
now to (iraw;up' detail^ of 'that' future
state of,'/.society.. When It.comes we
(let^us. hope it-"will .be 'I-we'Trahail:
know;more and;see cleareythanTnoW
Itfis 'for.us;to -Btir- up and educate the
workfrig^class'" to: lakel'tHe" world-" and
all that-fit'eoritains,- knowing"; full -well
that "*whiri'they'have the'fnteJHgence"
to" 'dpVthat','' they'-'-wlll* ce'rtalnlyjfhave
the intelligence tomanaga and.enjoy
tnelr .0 wri'rpfb'perty';,and "wo' will-; share
In the erijoyriient." 7 ;7 .; N  '"i"'*',",*".
Comrades";"speed' thei'day In the only
way It' cari' bo' speeded ""'by:>duc'atlng
yourselves In ofder^t'o edudate your
class, ''■-7}'~"■'..'; 7 ' ',7 7''7-'".
'     .    777..; WILFRID. GRIBBLGJ.
Sy^ * .    Colombo Oliyc'Oil.,jgal.' tius, each5'*-.. 7.V;,
■■#'-yy. rFcrnie Macaroni", 25.1b; boxes'Ti...7 7.'..";-.
7-".7S~-7>'''. 7 **' • v.   .*> ' -'  1 ""lh'"*rifrtHV' "" "'"-    ""''
- ,.   i -      -,   - -.   v-(.,-•■''•'    '- -»-,-'-"-** '-•■    1   -'
* --^'yXGa'tlotCSdurrPickles/gal. pails£.,...........
.^- F   '        1* .'        "■' 'jl - -*-'   0™^,J."     "it ' >   91    " --        ~ .'-
; ...y.„ , .' -., .feweet r:.    :.-ii--^. -. ...........
jX   fyy-£jSiinlight*Soap, 6 bars for ':'.7......'.':*."...'.
\S.-^.Koyal,,Crown Soap, per pkt.y'.\::!*':'."**y.,
,;, * >'V Royal Cr6wn:Washing Powder/per pktiyVy?0cf. 7
vV.y"'" v\Cora,'SiV?tj^^o*r4';.'^.~y...[...?;.•.)v.;_y^^^2oc;.^'
'£}');:^,;^,£aWdiy'-Stareh;r;p■e^       VS.'.-yy. 777:f " '■"7/'in«--'i'
4", <S--; 'y .Table Salt,i 3^4's-Jor;." i' • \.':. S.:.' .-v.;...
7 : .-Blue1 Ribbon. Tea; 3;ibs. for .77.-;......:
',  : y/Tetley'sV^ ..
■*• 7-7Tomatoes,-2,lb tins;.2'for-.'v.'y..,v*r.,.-.
;' ''"'■"' -'." **^?;]""'^77^'vlb"' jtins,'2'fpr Sr.:. 7.7.":.;.
1 ' "c "Lanip^Chiibneys,7la^e^ 7 5. .r
■ -v.
i Sk
7.,'yWe will ^ve'a sack ofiCandy- and^FruiVtaeveiy.J
"V;'childvwho appears^atibur'store^New.'Year's'Morn-r
"ingVetwwV^ """" ""
T^'irnirPin ' -"**»' ■*■*** 7'*.y-;-.^^
•_*ViV  J
CAIRNS.—On Docemebr 25th, at West
Fornlo, Harry, son of Mr and Mrs. H,
Cairns, 'aged B yoara and 0 months.
Funeral took place on Wodnesday, Doc-
ember 27th.
j *
iv<* t
"A* ■*
(*W *s.
To the Electors of the City of Fernie:
At the request of a large number of friends I
have consented to allow my name to go in nomination
for the office of MAYOR of the City of Fernie for the
coming year,   I respectfully solicit your suffrages and
J** Jt*» tt** *****    J*»    4***1   % #!• s*f f T# rof fi**4 f»*f   T m-fistff  fJ?\     **Tf  /«•   *****
»fyr>>irvf#wv   9«0   h+j  vvfruryi      dj   v*vv#wi* *  wrtkii' *#*/   i*»e- +00  itrJJ
Corner to advance ihe interests of the city in every way.
from such Inspection of the   actua*-
coud^tlon of tbo '^no nrii\ maclilmiry
aitto time of uuMri.* aoct'on,' ivr\
•to tfJinll also' record what aiteratinri:-
or vt-qulrements he thinks noccs-mry "*.
This'Is doubly usrtin fsays J W.
Broraboad In the Financial Times),
as it keepB tho Inspect n* up to tho'
scratch and allows the miinagor to
know at once the poVtlori, while
Bhould an accident occ-u* It nbows
that tho mlno was ln ,\ safe condition at the time of the Inspection
This record ls also useful for reference purposes on any subsequent visit
of an Inspector. Thero . le another
useful regulation ln tho Queensland
Act, namely, that tbe manager of
ovory mlno has onco a week to sign a
statemont In a hook kept for the
purposo, that during tho wook he line
at loast once 'visited every working
face In the mine, and ho 1ms to state
whether conditions wore nnfo or otherwise. In big mines this regulation
will keep the manager up to his work
and provent too much dopondenco bolng placed on the foromnn, Au to
tho storago of explosives, tho Queensland Act state that:
."Detonators for blasting shall he
kept on the surface of tho ground, In
a coverod box placed In a separrtte
magailne. Not more than 10 detonators shall bo kopt underground lu any
level at ono time, nnd theso shall he
kept In. a covered box In a separate
drive orehambor nnd onlv taken out
Your Vote and Influence
W. W. Brown
| - --■  - — *    ■*- -
are prepared to bo corrected if they
have understood'wrongly.
Now,- what ls Capital? Capital ls a
certain definite form of ownership.
Capitul Is an abstract condition, not a
concroto thing. r Capital Is that form
of ownership which prevails at present, under which all tho Instruments
of production nnd raw materials—tho
passlvo factor Introduction—are owned by ono class and used by them as a
weapon to force tho other class to
soil tholr property, labor-power—the
active factor In , production—,to tho
owners of the material moans bf production at a price called wages.
Whllo, for brevity's sako,' wo speak
of tho railways as Capita], of tbo mln-
es as capital, and so on all along the
lino, It must bo distinctly understood
that those things aro not;, In themselves
Tho writer doos not Intend to go Into the various qualifications of this
condition such as "constant.capital"
ond "varlablo cnpital,", thnt Is beyond
the scope of this artlclo, but to confine
himself to endeavoring to simplify tbe
ono point th"S meaning of Capital.
Thero will probably he somo readers
of this article who will still Insist tbat
"we don't want to do away with Capitol," etc, I would ask such If thoy
ever saw a pleoe Of Capital, If thoy
can produce n pleoe of Capital, If they
can.produce a small quantity of Capital and will oblige tbo writer by forwarding it to himf  No, It will be no
' PRINCE RUPERT.—A Trades and
Labor Council was organised .here recently, S. D. Macdonaid being, elected
president and D. M. Maclean secretary, y   ■.,'■■
Messrs O'Brien,. Dobbins and Dennis
form tho organization committee." A
voto of thanks was extended to 3. C,
Waters of.Victoria for,bis efforts to
bring about a council.
7 v-* "-. .'"" ':m ;.,->,/>.U'v,rr'*;
*••*" STOCKHOLM.o.SwedenyDec. f7.--
Gains - by Lthe^SqcIaUBts^were, again
Bhown, this "time- in tho'ceictlons" to
the upper .house otjthejSwedJ|8h.parlla-
jnent,' when' .twelve^cteHsts ^rere* el-^
ected,--.whieh:ls-a-galn-'bf .eight oveX
the number ot seats'held. In the' last
house. -ifi : R ,;.;' „ ., :; yy: "yv
, The members of the upper house are
electejf by the "leglilaju^of'-th^dlf-.
of the.largo cities. -." /,,-■■ '7-jyf
Tho.hew liouse^wiir"consist of 87
Conservatives, 61* Liberals and-12 Socialists,' against 116, .Conservatives, ,30
LlberalB-and 4 'Socialists 'in_' tho, old
house." 7   ' -     ''   "., -   • ,' "•     -
' ;i ■)
rivFlne8trbullaIng";.betwe*Vn Lfethbrldgt> -; ;"7iJ
and FOTle/ldcat^^^ ~\?"%l
tbo property of LocaM058.,- Building, > „v ty
8(T«j'x. 33;,'*wIth.f,veohcretentoundaUon;"-:
bauemef't,* 40 x88|t;:^ash'store' preferred. 7$h|s,|s »^l«ndId7"opp6rtunl-7
ty for'-ariy^ohft^^The^cMl^com
h"eire"arW npX,SPe*n|lng_ a}'big ium, on,:
development, work.'"' '■",-'. "'t,;."-'[ \", ,< -' I': ■'.
.< ..FAillp particulars''froim.the secfetaryi
"   ^'..4.     JOHN TAYLOR, 7   *7.,
. 7,'.'  Recording Secyi.'
,Hn|cr^s%lta^. ;>. ,^.;'%^-".-; > '■
Here it is. Waiting for U
: - WANTED-^lrl for, general* housed/
work.    ApplyrMre.' Fred. Johnson.'.
In such quantities as required for lm* !"•«> to send on a pier* of Iron,    lion
mediate uso, Detonators shall not
on any pretence whatsoever be placed
near any travelling road, pass or working face."
The Australian Acts , require tlie
mine mnnaKor to supply tbo Mines
Department with a copy of tho working plans of the mine, nnd nre very
particular about the*tensile strength
of hoisting ropes, etc, Tn tho caso
of fntnl accidents no work othor than
thnt retyifwd to''raw. \\to «hnll bo
done nor the conditions altered In any
way until the Inspector haa had an
opportunity of examining the position.
and,Mrs. II. Cairns take this
opT>ortunHy to thank their numerous
fr\ortAn for tho '*iTpw*«*-roiis of sympathy extended to them In their recent
I bereavement.
U Iron ami not Capital.
It won't do to ship along a railway
englno, '"
A railway engine lo a railway engine
nm. not Capital.
Italy, these and aU oilier U»uifc»
under tho form of ownership previously montlonod, function as Capital, but
It Is tho function that Is Capital, not
the material thing. Capital Is a form
ot ownership,
Cnplfnllsm Is a system of society
based upon Capital. Bo long u the
fonndntion remains tho n.ittm n*.
mains, Tho,.gnly yay^to abqlUhsC«pK
tallsm Is tod^t'l'oy Ca'pUftt     7 y-.
What stands fn tWwayr* Delildd
the property rlRhts of tho Capitalist
rlass t-t-tbd the powers of goTemmentj
tho nitpltaJMn' wtll'\tn*'Mot* pW^r* ^;
In any way they find necesary t» fy>
f«nil tholr property«Tlghts, >cs, In any
1 Wo understand that the Crow's Nest
8tore.d.lBtrlbuted Christmas hampers
to widows.   ,
; Indiana union men' are going to
mako an effort" to Inaugurate a'.plan
that will reduce the cost "of living.' An
effort will be mado to arrange for
some form;of cooperative purchasing
that will ellmlnato tho.mlddleman and
Ms exorbitant profits,..   >  ■' - *,   ,
Served from 5,30 to 7,30. -,' Price 50c
""Wishing the Diner a Happy New Year."
Queon Olives
Consomo a la Waldorf
California Claret Wine
Celery on Branch
Cream a la Potogo
Boiled Brltlah Columbia Salmon, Anehovle flauoo
Baked Stuffed Halibut, Hollandalso
JKaviar on Toast
"' -~. ■  SALAD   ,
Lobutor Salad with Mayonalse
■ Potato Salad with Parsley
;;.j- BoiLHb*
Spring Chicken with Mushroom Sauce   >
Sugar Cured Ham with Champagne Sauoe
.". ENTRP.E8 7
Bralsod Mallard Duck a la Petit Pols.
Banana Fritters wltb Port Wine Sauce
,   „,   . -  ,prilltTslnnd   ' <*"    "   "
' stuffed Young Turkey with Cranherrjr Banes    -
DomostlOoOopse with Spiced Apples
Fillet of Bwf a la Portugal!©  .,;.
VEQETABLE9 *      .       '"]
Fronch Peas Sugar Corn Asparagus Tips Buttw- Sauce
Mashed Potatoes
Htoamed 1'otatoes
baked bweet I'owiiofcs
PRUIT      ■ • - j .   ' '
Apples Oranges Bananas'        y
ii   "' DB08ERT
i English Plum Pudding wltb Brandy Sauco
Cold Ballaloose Pudding m *?   t  •
■  Hot, Mine* Flo KhKllfth Dvep Appl-i Plti with Cram  ". .
,„,,';       , (Jmj»la,*pream "pie Lemon Plo ,,;.,./
*. --"'•   "'Vv. ;*    -oonoi'ments    .   ..-    .     .
Sour- Mixed PTckles Sweet Pleklos ,..,-* .*. ^Cho-w^ihaw.
Bine Ubel Ketsnp Lw A: iMtrln^Worciiteiiiblre,     t
s   v
McLaren's and Ctnadlin'Crmte'
Assorted rnridl^s'MidWuts
Bunch Halalne
Coffee       --■-•"t9e#oa *■—*•« ••-■•iillk"*""" *•■*-»|-'**H
New Year's Fruit CaU..
FOUNDirWhlte Bull, Terrier. -By
payment for this. ad. and applying '
to. Wm. Colo, Annex,; ;o^yner cap re**'
cover tho animal;' otherwise, .unless/
claimed within four, woeks'.wlll he
kept by tlnderi" "7. -,''","  "' v.' "n.p,'
. TO RENT—(Furnished) 1 or 2 rooms
and kitchen; bath and-electric,light;
Victoria, Avenue,'two blocks north of,
school.,.   Apply Ledger offlco.  8t.p,
WANTBDi-Housekeepw for workingman) wldowor'wlth two children.
Apply, P. O. Box, 102, Olty..   .   . a, .
FOR RENT—Eight-roomed modern '
House on Macphorabn Avenue, i|20 per
month,   " Apply, Oree and. Moffatt, 7
FOR SALE—Subject to,short lease,
Houso and Lot cornor.Rlverbank Avo..
and Prior Stroot.  Apply to L, P. Eckstein.
pedigree Airdale Bltcb. Any Information loading to the rocovery of
some will bo nppreolatod by W. Par-
nell, West Fernie,    . ■  r -,
W. Parnell, Fornlo, B.O.
TO RENT—Two-roomed Plastered
Hftitno, with ront' honnny *ot\*t «*ftij
water.    Apply,   It.   WrlRbt,   W«V
TO RENT—Conoi-ete'block House;
8 rooms, Apply Wm. Mlnton.LInd-
say Ave., Annex.
SHACK.—Apply Wm.' Mlnton, Lind-
say Ave,, Annex.
FOR SALE—House on Lot 0, Block
08, Annex. * Apply, R. Horner, f?ox
JI74 Nanaimo, B. 0„ or 482 Fernie,
complete cotirso In Pitman's Short-
hand and Touch System of Typewrit-
lM> bjr^ernle'i.prcmlor BUnoiraphor,
Arteieet elsia4iiow 1n*pwj*w#*bf fan
station. Fof itermi. etc., apply tn Wm.
^.mWPPiXilbJIo Skpograpbor. Bo> ,
-* ■ ■■"•--'-■ -•
1J-   "  ^^.J^fc^MhM


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