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The District Ledger 1911-02-04

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 I _
ii. .
■ ..ProTTrieiaV Library 30J*Ja^|
Industrial-Unity is Strength
The Official Organ of District No. 18, ,U_ M. W. of A;
Vol. VI.. No. 27
Political Unity is Victory
$1.00 A YEAR.
©m Mai.
i '•**.*
-'.,■* ^
■ _
Delegation of Officials
Wait on Government
at Victoria
VICTORIA, Jan. 28.—Instead of the
cost of coal decreasing in* British Columbia there is every likelihood of an
increase in the price iu the near future in the opinion of Mr L. Stockett,
general .manager* of the Hosmer mines,
who is at present visiting the city.
His opinion in this respect is sustained by Mr. Jas. Ashworth, who as'general manager of tho Crow's Nest Pass
Coal Company, .operates an organization which' has a monthly output of
110,000., tons. Both . gentlemen are
guests' at the Empress.
"If," said Mr. Stoclcett, "a royal
commission Is appointed to .inquire
into the cost of coal, Its members will
receive' some startling information
as to the' cost of production In the
west. With the increase iri tbe cost
.f living the wages of miners have to
be raisfd r.nd necessarily tho cost of
"-.reduction becomes gretfar. The h'?-
'tory of .the coal mining,industry all
over the world shows a continual advance in the cost of the product, and
instead of there being- any prospect
of reduction I see every indication of
the price advancing still further.'" Not
of the miners but also in the cost of
supplies, and these factors, the price
of, which is'i steadily, increasing,, will
meSrith'at the'cost of coal will'eventually go highter than it is at-present."
In bearing oiit the foregoing statement made by Mr. Stockett; Mr. Ashworth said that tho reciprocity arrangement with the Unitod States, if
lt went into effect would help the coal
Industry of tho province. A further
market would be provided for coke, especially by the wiping out of tho duty
which Is at present 90 cents on every
ton of coke exported." The coal op-,
erators of tho province oxpoct to find
a market for coko ln Idaho, Washington and Montana.
Various rumors -were' current that there had been a railroad-
.accident on the C. P. It., byt it was only last night that we
gathered scant details regarding the same, when a passenger
informed us that the.catastrophe happened near Gleichcn on
the main line, when twelve people were killed many injured.
Upon asking at local office no particulars could be gathered
regarding the incident.        .
Traffic is practically, tied up throughout the West, and
both telephonic and telegraphic communication sorely,,impeded
on account of the grip of the Ice King.
♦ »»♦♦»♦♦»»«»*»♦♦•»»♦
♦'•■ ->
♦ TELEGRAM     FROM    A.    j.   ♦
♦■ -     *"■   '   .    CARTER ♦
Convention adjourned * oii
Wednesday. When the roll
call was-taken on Tuesday re
Civic Federation Resolution
it. was found that there'w'asa
majority of 246 for amendment of constitution to debar
any member of U. M. W. of A.
holding membership in that
body." ...
Duncan ' McDonald and
Green 'were elected as delegates to the W. F. of M.
* Resolution passed pledging
support to district in negotiating' satisfactory  agreement.
aj, <$*. -fl* *$ t\\x 0' *Cnfr **t* fo O' ifr O ^ ty -"C*11 *€.*
UoMoWo ©ff Ao,: C©__v<samft_©im- 0weir
posal does not meet with favor an
alternative will be suggested in that
central supply stations should be installed.*
It is pointed out that in" the* United States, there are eight railway cars
fitted with rescue apparatus. . These
are kept" at different centres and in
case of disaster they can be quickly
assembled at a given point. The use
of the rescue apparatus was well demonstrated In the case vof the recent
Bellevue disaster when ,the apparatus
from Hosmer and Fernie as well as
the government apparatus at the former point were rushed to the scene and
did good work.
Other matters in connection with
the-.Coal Mines Regulations Amendment "Act. to be discussed with the
government will be provisions which
will make the act a workable one in
all Its details.
p; BURNS & co..
A .$200,000 extension of the experimental meat \ packing' plant, which
Messrs.-P. Burns'& Co. have been operating at the abbattolr at'the foot of
built at once/ _ Operations will he
started just aB soon as the, materials
can be assembled. It Is expected that
the new buildings will doubla tho "capacity of the plant.   ' _». ■' ■•'
It may be further mentioned that
the .development of the'trade of P.
Burns & Co. necessitating 'considerable extensions of plant and equipment aro not limited to,Vancouver
alono. In order to meet the demands
of the local trade a 10 ton ice machlno
made by the wall known firm of Llnde,
Chicago; 111., is being installed thla
week, to bo operated by a IB H.P.
electric motor. Herman Mayer, the
firm's refrigating engineer, has chargo
of the installation.
deceased's parents instructing that re-:
mains be interred in Fernie, and on
Thursday the Rev. Thomson pastor,of
the Baptist Church preached the funeral sermon and the beautiful ritual
of the U. M. W. of-A., of which -de--*
ceased was a member, was, read.
A,special train was run from Coal
Creek for the benefit of those of his
fellow workers who*wished to pay "the
last tribute to the deceased brother,
and although the weather was exceedingly severe, there was a good representative gathering assembled in ihe
Baptist Church.
There are very sad circumstances
connected with this case. It was his
24th birthday-the day following ihe
accident, and also it was his intention to return to the old home in Scotland after February pay day. 7 Although not long in-jthe camp he was
well liked by all those with whom he
came in contact.
Deceased "was a member", of Glad-
tone Local 2314. Messrs. Thomson
and Morrison' superintended the funeral arrangements.
Right <Jf Foreigner's Wife to Compensation for His Death  in  B. C.
, , <_•
•' -Mine Argued
The. right of a wife residing in a
foreign country to claim-compensation
for the, death of. her' husband, also
a-foreigner killed while working as an
employee in British' Columbia, . was
again before the court of appeal'
last week on appeal from a decisioa
of Mr. Justice Clement, who heard,, a
stated case from the County,court. At
the Supreme Court trial, Mr. Justice
Clement held - that' the, wife,, through
her husband's legal representative residing in British Columbia, could succeed., The Court'of Appeal, after
hearing E. P. Davis, K.C, in support of
the appeal, and S. S. Taylor," K.C,
and C. W. Craig for' the respondents,
reserved  judgment. ■
The.'action is that of JKrzus against
the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company,
Limited, and the claim is„made under
the Workmen's Compensation Act,
Primero Disaster of, a Year Ago Recalled in Colorado
by Dedicating Monument
TRINIDAD, Col., Jan. 31.—Slav and Croatian coal miners
from all parts of this disirict gathered here to-day to pay a
last tribute to tlie memory of the 37 Austrian miners who lost
their lives in the Primero mine disaster a'year ngo to-day.
The ceremonies included the dedication of a,monument at
the Catholic cemetery, where tlie victims are buried. More
than 1000 .miners marched in parade to the cemetery.'
VICTORIA, B. C.„JftnM28,—To tako
up with tho govornment tho important question of rescue work in colllorlos and generally to dlscusa tho
Coal Mlnos Regulations Amondment
Act, n powerful dologatlon of coal
oporators In tho provlnco will wait
upon Promlor Mcllrlde nnd his colloa-
guoB nt 12,30 p.m. to-day," Addod
Importance Is lent to tho dologatlon
from tho fact that It Is tho first
tlmo that tho coal oporators In tho
provlnco havo takon concerted action.
Tho dologatlon will ho composed of
Mr, Jamos Ashworth, gonornl manager of tho Crow's Nost Pass Coal
company; Mr. L, Stockott, manager
of tho Hosmor Conl Mlnos, nnd chnlrman of tho Western Coal Oporators
Association; Mr, Armstrong, mnna-
gor of tho Nicola Vulloy Coal Minos;
Mr. T, Grnlinm, mnnngor of tho
Wostorn Fuol Compnny; Mr. W. L.
Coulflon, gonornl mnnngor of tho Canndn CollIorloH, Ltd,;' Mr, T. Russell,
mnnngor * of tho Canada Colllorlos
Ltd.; Mr. A. Brydon, gonornl manager of tho NIcoln Valloy Coal Compnny, and Mr. .Wilkinson, of tho Pncl-
flo Coast Coal Mlnos, who manngos
tho mines at South Wellington,
Tho principal matter which will bo
tnkon up with tho govornmont Is that
of rescue work In colllorlos. Tho
quostion of tlio establishment of ro-
■cuo stations will ho thoroughly dis*
cussed, At proBont, tho govornmont
1ms four of thoso established, nt Ilosmor, Cumberland, Nnnalmo nnd In tho
Nicola Vnloy. Thoso stations are
equipped with the oxygon roscti© apparatus. Tn addition to thoso stations
oach of tho collorlos has Its own apparatus. What tho oporators -want
Is 11 working arrangement with (he
government, so that both govern mon ini
and company owned apparatus can bo
worked In conjunction. Tho colliery
Inter-tut* also want to find n source
from which to procure oxygon which
it, aI p■«M«.iif_ obUhtitrd fruui Pittsburg;
ofton at the rost of vory serious delay.
Tho government will bo asked to establish or to oncournro tho establish*
ment of nn oxygon manufactory on
TlMMnh  Pnhi-mWit soli.      Tf thi* *nro-
Tho New .Yonr message of Archbishop DruchoBl to the peoplo of Montreal is a striking utterance. Ho
"Wo should recognze that there
must and always will bo differences of
opinions among men. It.wo recognize
this, anti glvo thoso who differ from
ub In politics, In religion, and In other
mnttors credit for sincerity as wo ourselves poBsoss, thon wo shall be better
citizens and hotter neighbors, Be-
cnuso a man differs from us in" matters
of politics or religion Is no reason why
wo should denounce him as our enemy
—ho Is still our neighbor.—Tho Wostorn Catholic.
Robt. Patterson, a Driver
in No. 2 is Found in
Dying Condition
Mlnsrs and mlna laborara
are h-er.by -warned against going lo Royal Colllerlaa. as the
tnrrtr<Any have hid off tw*>
i-hllti of men,
james Mckinley, s«c
Local Union No. 25»>
I.nst Snturdny, Jnn, 28th, llohort
Patterson, a native of Alloway, Scotland, omployod nn driver In No. 12 mlno
at Conl Crook mot with an awfully sudden doath nH ho wim coming off worlc
nt 11 p.m.
y*.   .  ...      ,,,      , t. 1.. * 1,   ..,
-thnl thr-. Mfortuna*."** mnn Tin**-***-*-.*, thr*
air dlnkoy, whleh wnB standing nt tho
timo nnd procoeded out wltb his horso,
Whilst bo was trudging along and
having gono only a short dtslanco, (he
IU>il dlnkoy, coming in lho snmo dlroc-
ui»i>, Xiviutxi imi wniti xmu'h, fctop nift
motor, tho buffers struck tbo body of
Iho unfortunato young man, who It Is
clnlmod was lying on tho track, and
upon examination found to bo doad.
Thoro wns a holo right between tho
eyes, which It Is surmised might havo
been Inflicted by * Wc.!*. from the
horso. An Inquemt will be held for
iho pnrpodf) of dcfcrmlnlng it poa.ilblc
tho exact -".ii'se of death, nnd its Ihero
aro reports that are somewhat conflicting regarding lhe case, we doom it
unwise to go Into further dot-ill*"!,
Cable message was received from I unavoidable.
vWe have received the Preliminary
Review, and Estimate of Mineral Production for,the year „910," complied by
Wm. Fv Robertson; Prov. Mineralogist
from which'the following is extracted:
- Eaat Kootenay District
The,outstanding feature of mining ln
Bast Kootenay in 1910 was the large
Increase ln the production of coal at
several collieries in Crow's Nest portion of the district. This was approxi-
of th edlstrlct. This was approximately 45 per cent in gross production
—a tonnage of between 1,340,000 and
1,350,000 long tons ln 1910, as" compared with nearly 924,000 tons in 1909.
The Crow's Nest Pass Co.'s gross output was rather moro than 25 per cent,
greater than ln 1909, while tho Corbin Coal and Coke Co, moro than
doubled its 1909 output, and tho, Hosmer Mines,. Ltd., did bettor still. " A
result of this big increase in coal production is that East Kootonay stands
third among tho districts In.point of
value of. mineral production in 1910.
The coal properties of (ho Flathead
country, In tho south-eastern part of
the district woro further prospected,
with promising results; but littlo or
nothing was done on tho big conl-
mensures of tho Upper Elk rivor,
which aro awaiting tho provision of
railway transportation facilities for
their furthor dovelopmont.
Conditions wero not favornblo In
connoctlon with metalliferous mining,
for there wiib a consldornblo decrease
In tonnngo of oro producod from tho
St. Eugono mlno, which was /only
about 77,500 lonn, ns compared' with
150,000 tons in 1909. In pnrt compon-
satlon for this decrease, howovor,
thoro was nearly 25,000 tons produced
from tho Sullivan mino, wliich nilno
wan not worked during tho previous
yenr. Tho BiiBponnlon of oporntlons
nt tho North Star mlno wns nnotlior
loss, ngninst which thoro wnn no compensating off-sot. An Imporlnnt hot-
tortnont nt tho St. Bugono mill wns tho
puttlng*ln of nn oro-tcBtlng plnnt, do-
slgnod to mnko tests on largo tonnages
of oro, nnd hnvlng as woll appliances
for amalgamation nnd cynnldntlon
touts on it sinnllor scnlo,
Tho resumption of work nt tho flul-
IIvan group mlno, undor tho ruhpIcob
of (he Consolldntori Mining nml Smelting Compnny of Cnnndn, Ltd., gnvo
employment lo seventy or eighty men,
nnd rostorod confldonco In tho futuro
of mining In that pnrt of tho Fort
Steelo mining division.
Wlillo not much progross was roportod from tho Aurora mlno, near
Moylo Lake, an encouraging Improvement took plnco nt tho Society Girl
nun*., hi which u coiiiineiict-ijit'iit was
mnflc*'' In Tirct'ixjl'CJ* It* lake oui wc
for shipment.
Tho progress bolng mndo with tho
construction of tho Kootonay Contral
railway, which will ovontunlly connect
the C. P. R. main line at Golden with
the Crow's Nest, lino enst of Cranbrook, ronowed hopo relative to mining in tho Wlndormoro Division, aa
woll ns in tho northern pnrt of the
Fort Steele Division, Tho completion
of \bln rnllwny mny bo oxpoctod to
lend to a resumption of mining at tho
Ektullft, on Trncy Cret.V, and tho Paradise, Ptnrmlgtin, Delphlno, nnd othor
propcrtlc-i In Wlu.lcuui.it> DlvW.-.u.i.u
which, years ago, so much work waa
done, until tho outlook for tbe trana-
poriatlon facilities scorned so hopeless
that suspension of operations became
S..,* Fraternity took place at Aiello's
Hall on,Thursday the 26th, and proved to be a great* si;*\'"*ess, -many; of the
Bludtrits; stockhbwv/is -aad'^their
friends being present.- The evening
was devoted to' cards and prizes, were
awarded the winners. Supper was
served and the party dispersed at 11
, The next social evening of tha I. S.
S. Fraternity will be devoted to a.
sleigh drive and will take place on
Feb. 9th, driving to Hosmor and return in time to catch the Coal Croek
train, followed by refreshments. Thoso
of the stockholders and students who
missed the first evening should Uo
careful not to do so again as all are
Owing to the vnst amount of freight
left at the various warehouses of
tho C, P. R. for so long thnt It takes
up vnlunblo spaco by -accumulation, tho
company has decided to obviate as
much as possible tho contlnuanco of
such a stnto of affairs by increasing
their rates of storage on and after
March lst.
Tho prevailing rnto of storngo, 2c.
por 100 lbs. per week, will bo Increased to 8c. por 100 lbs. for tho first
wcok, Oc, per 100 lbs. per week for
onch additional week thoronftor until
NEW YORK. Foi). 2.—Shortly boforo
noon yostorday a caso of dynamite
blow up nenr tho plor of tho contral
rnllrond of Now Jersey at Communl*
pn*,*.', U lonst 15 nro roportod klllod
and {-.moral hundred Injilrod. Tho
oxploslon wns folt nil over tho lowor
ond of Mnnhnttnn Islnnd, cnunlng nu-
moroiiB nlnrms to ho turned In to tho
flro (lepnrtmont. Tho shock wos folt
from lho bnttery up ns fnr ns Cham
bcrH Stroot,
LONDON, Feb. 2.*
........ ,    I .,  .X	
After brief pro-
p/r.TI     ».,..,,.    „     ,,,,,.. I     !,..,.      ,   1 . - - ,
I   L,   V. .»'/...       .V      ....        ..      ~|'«......     4... J,      lit,..!,   I.
l/>nl Chlof .liifitlc**. Alvorntono, dour-
od King Goorgo of Imputations ngalnst
hl» pornonnl chnrncter by finding Edward F. Myllus guilty of circulating
a libel regarding un alleged morgnntlc
mnrrlngo with n dniightor of Admiral
._t>...^u... .......v..^ v.. u.iu ^uai* imprisonment was pnssed upon lho prisoner,
Kditor, "filstrlot Lodger."
Denr Sir,—Ono light, IH e.-p. rnn*
Huinut* l~t.',tT, hull In uiu wc.......   Wby
Ir It thnt there wns only n little over
f5,000 profit on tho whole system?
PtiMle—Kind the leak.     No prl*tM.
for Bolution can bo paid
' Although a fierce blizzard had been
blowing. for hours, the wind swirling
the snow in every direction,"piling up
mountains of. it in one place, com-,
pletely obscuring every sign of a path
in another so that locomotion of every
kind was sorely impeded, yet these obstacles were braved by a large crowd
of both sexes determined to attend
Goettler's presentation of "A Stubborn
Cinderella" on Wednesday, Feb. lst.
at the Grand  Theatre
"Messrs.Mott and Smith, the new le-
sees, make their initial bow as caterers to the theatre goers of Fernie with
this musical comedy. -
* It was a few' minutes ..before nine
that  the  orchestral   department   furnished   the ' usual ' premonitory  sign's
that the curtain" was about to rise.
. The' vacant seats were conspicuous
by their scarcity, in  short it was a
bumper  house,  which  under  nnr *oi,l
weather conditions undoubtedly would
have been uncomfortably crowded.
. Tho opening chorus given by "Ensemble^ would Indicate that the'delay
"Had^so "Tff^tea~rTK¥m~tha"t7"a—voice--"
rush was necessary in order to make
up for lost time; this .was- particularly
noticeable in. the-first two numbers,
and even in the, monologues the tendency to speak too trippingly marred
the pleasure of the auditors. ,
A most unfortunate incident happen-
ed when "Mac" E. Colt Albertsdn,
after a very brave attempt to play his
part found It physically impossible to
proceed owing to his throat giving out.
Sympathy was quite freely expressed
as the entire audience realized that
it' was an unavoidable misfortune.
Tho severity of tho weather, tho Irregularities of transportation, havo had
a very bad effect on the ontlro company, as the majority showed that
nearly all wero suffering, from colds,
hence under such circumstances due
allowance must be made If thoy do
not reach the standard of oxcollenco
the pross reports In othor towns Indicate.
Due allowance on this, scoro having
been conceded, wo will ' mnko a, few
comments on tho cast,
Skeotor. like tho corpso at a wnko,
was tho Hfo of the party, and thoso
In front woro by no means backward
In giving ovidoneo of thoir appreciation.
Fat, like his transposed alias, TAFT
(FATT) sustained his charactor ably,
although tho load ho carries Is not
conducive to any sylph llko stunts.
MIbb Lilian Goldsmith, ns LoIb, is a
vory dnlnty poraonflcntlon of lho bou*
brotto, Iron chic ot plqunnto; hor dofl-
cloncloB, an a warblor nro counter*
balanced by hor oxcellonco ns a nnl-
tatory Bprlto.
Edwin Rums, ns "A Tutor" nnd "An
Engineer," although his linos woro
not heavy, flllod tho two rolos admlr-
nbly woll.
MoyloB* Impersonation of Col, Hunt
was vory clevorly rondorod, tho only
crltlPlsm wo have to'offor was thnt In
In tho first net ho soomod to ho In*
fluoncod by tho spood mania, thnt wnn
apldemlc, but lator hn slowed up nnd
Bhowod up ndvnnlngoously, deservedly received a wnll ln "Nono hut tho
Rrnyo DitBorvo the Fnlr."
Lin ford R. Lefferson nn a comedlnn
I rnnvulROd tho Iioubo with his funnlosl.
tlofl,1 nnd tho rogrot wns oxproiiHOd
thnt his contribution to tho ovonlng's
ontortnlnmont wns not. rant In a lnrgor
"Lndy Evolyn,-* who plnyed second
lnnd did not havo vory much to do,
hut, what sho hnd wns nrrjnllt-nrt ho
well thnt one mny r-nndlly surmlflo thnt
sho Is quito rnpnhlo of a honvlor pnr;;.
Thn (wntlomnn who Huhstltnteil for
tho unfortunnto Albortson Is entitled
to more limn
an ho renpon
under the trying circum«tanrofl of tho
original "MneV* Inenpncltntlon. Would
suggest, Bhould It ho necossnry for
■Mm   to  rr>riont   Wort-npoilnv'i.   Inclilont
(which It Is to be hopod it will not bo)
that al the enmp flro scene he "rend"
out In a louder volco as tt, wnn Im-
p BBlhlo to henr tho words In the body
or tho hnll.
The lending lady. "Hn*ol Klrko."
i**v.*n making evory poHdlbln nllowanro
for a cold, wan a illnnppn|ntni(int an a
nnnmnironn. Sho pns«pB«e« a goo!
stniro nddreM, is nn nhlo otponrnt of
the "eye" lnngunge, but her voir©
width, naturally nwoot In tone, in roar'
rod hy in ovor Indulgonro In trilling
thnt may bo deemed nrtlntlc, but la
particularly  pleasing to  the  average
theatre goer.
Of the*choruses, "The Dream Minuet", was by far the "best executed,
and most magnificently staged, and*
while "Tbe Descriptive "Ballet" (Tho
Orange. Fete) was protty, we believe
it was abbreviated somewhat, although
not so much as were the costumes of
"the hockey and' golf girls." To sum
up: As a whole it did not reach the
expectations which, from the glowing
press reports one would surmise it
should. The stage settings were good
considering the space; the costuming
was gorgeous; the quips and jokes
not only were scanty, but there was a
dearth of those catchy songs that is
usually the accompaniment of a musical comedy.
An  ingenious New Jersey  poultry-
breeder has discovered that by feeding-hens with geraniums a very delicious flavor is imparted to the eggs.
This discovery may,; have exceedingly
far reaching effect should .prohibition
there is no need for "square face" or
"Old Tom"; give them a plentiful supply of grapes and we have the Vini
GallicL flavor or a goodly portion of-
No. 1 hard," a Hon-ry VIII brand of
whiskey.     Connecticut used to supply
the exhilirating draughts in specially
constructed pot eggs, but Jersey "goes
her sister state one better in her new
method.     The Jersey hen will now
rob the Jersey cow of her laurels..
All men aro roquestod to stay away
from the mines of tho Consolidated
Coal Company and Rock Springs Soot-
less Conl Compnny, located flvo miles
from Tnbor, for tho following reasons:
1st. Tho mlnoworkors nro working
under non-union conditions and wages.
2nd. Coal Mines Regulation Act
of Alborta is bolng openly violated by
thoso companies,
3rd. Tho workmen omployod at
thoso mines receive no compensation
when injured as thoy should do ac-'
cording to the Workmon's Compensation Act of Alborta.
-Jih. You aro requeslod to stny from
(.lies mines until tho men therein nro
orgnnizod nnd working for a living
wngo, and nn agreement mndo with tho
U. M. W. of A.
Ily request of
DISTRICT 18, U. M. W. of A.
Closing Scenes at tiie
Big Meet-Lewis to
Go Back to Dig
The Convention passed a resolution
pledging that both financial and'nioral
support should continue to be given
to the strikers   in    Colorado,    Nova
Scotia, Irwin Field, Pennsylvania and
the Tuscarawa field; Ohio.     It was de-
cided to reduce the assessment to fifty
cents per month from- January 1st.
, The   question   of  John      Mitchell's,
membership in the National Civic Federation  was discussed at length'and
with considerable warmth   by   those
present.     Friends of the former President spoke of the great work he had
done  for  the    organization.      There
were two reports, a .minority and  a
majority, and among those who spoke
along ' the  lines of the former were
John  H: Walker,' of  Illinois, a close
pprsonal friend    of    Mitchell,  Frank
Farrington, also of Illinois,    likewise
stated he defied any present to show
proof of Mitchell's betrayal of labor.
Among the speakers on the condemnation side the most powerful arraignment was delivered by Adolph Germer
of Belleville, 111., .who read off    .the'
names of some of the prominent members of the National Civic Federation
and known antagonists ;of   Unionism
he began with .William ,H. Taft, this
was greeted with ironical cheers from
the audience.' Andrew Carnegie's namo
Bliss, Seth Low, John Hays Hammond _-
and  others.      When ^calling out- the
famous  consulting * engineer's * name,
Germer called him the "Cecil Rhodes
of'America."  7    ■ ''".'.     7-   ..   ,
An intensely exciting time was created .when Farrington took tho floor and
stated that there was a delegate in
attendance-who had not only been a
scab and strike-breaker, but said that
this traitor had nlso shot a union man
who was doing picket duty. When
there wero loud and repeated calls of
"name, name." ho replied that lt was
Thomas Hughes, a delegate from Ohio,
but this Individual, upon bcen'soarched
for, had evidently felt the wisdom of
making a previous sudden departure.
Tho presentation by Willinm Koegel,
an nged Ohio miner, to President T.
L. Lewis or a pick nnd shovel created
a big. hit. This wns taking Lewis at
his word that after April IsL ho would
go bnck to'work in tho mine.
The Fornio nonrd of Trade give a
bnll to-night (Friday) In Ilruco's Hnll.
Dancing commences nt 9 o'clock,
The reception committee consists of
Mesdaincs O. G. Moffatt, J. R. Lawry,
O. F. Stevenson, J. R. Pollock, A, 11.
Trites, H. W. llerchmor nnd MIbb Alexander, i*
Gutting Down Expenses
In Order-New Liquor
Act to be Tested
David C, Smith, who hns boon connected for tho pant. 8 yearn with tho
mochnnlcnl department of tho'Crow's
Nost Pnss Conl Co.. and during tho
last 2 years engaged as master mechanic for tho Compnny at Conl Crook,
left on TluiiHilny'H Flyer hound for
IiIb old homo In Toronto, Intending to
nppnd two mniilliR' vacation.
Archlo Dick now Hiicccods to tho
position of master mechanic nt Conl
Crook made viiciint by tho dopnrluro
of Mr. Smith.
A   BUZZ   ABOUT   A   "B"
Tho DniiRhtorH of Amorlcnn Involution nro nngneod In a very   strenuous
dlHputo bocnuBo of the onilBHlon of "b"
In tho liiKcilpiIon on n monument ro-
jr-'iiijy unveiled nn  tho Hlto of Fort
! Washington, whoro Amorlcnn  troops
Sere forced to nurrender to 11 llrltlsh
' forco nnder Lord llowo during tho war
! of   InJopondeiico,     Tin*    Inscription
: coiiiIh:
j "American Redout
j 1770.*"
Tlceaiuo tho "h" Is lucking the Indies
I hnvo reached the war of   Hcpnratlon
miV'n     '«     _*,i7l__    _.._.___.._. 1    .,       _. I MM,lit!   .tliii   ,t , l«*»    IIKKHIllH-ill    IB   CO   0*>
C,,.!0f, _', KCUnU. ™0_r,.t_'!. *B..ftl rrrrtp.1 ^Uliniil  Dw "V Inr-Wryr, *m*
A meeting of tho Llreim'* CoiiiiiiIh*
fllonnrs was held In tho City Hnll on
Thursday, Snd, nl which tho,newly nppolntod momborH .1. L, Mclntyre nnd
Fred Johnson, with Mnyor A. W.
Illr>n«dr»ll  nn  or-nttloin   xvoro xtronont
1 u imxi-lug wonl of pralso jrusuft of hj» (impuvtioii that tho -Wj,mWy ,w,(h(l v!ow ,0 pr<,Vfin,' them
ded nobly to tlio sltuat on jinoo would shortly be ready for tho h.^mK eacn  0„,or.8   0yfla   imma
recupMon of Rii-wits.
Tho bonrd nxprem-pd Itself n« determined to enforco the p.nndltlnnH of
tlio T....1'   lll-illi'M- llll'    nlrMfillirly •».   t*<-
application   to  Sunday  cloning.
of retaining tbe "b" in their bonnet**.
KtymoloRlcnlly thin word Is derlvod
from iho French word "redout-r-r," to
,tc*iir, in dri'iirt, nnd iK-coriliiig 10 tbo
-.    „ ,,     „      ,   , ». «     i common orthography to spell It "re*
Tho Polico CommlsHlonw*, McDou*' .   ,    ••   incorrect
gal nnd Ornhnm. hold a mooting nfter j,1m,l>t   !" mcorroci'
the nbovo bonrd ndjournpd, when its    -*— 	
wns docldod to dispense with service:-. * -»♦♦♦♦♦*»♦*»♦♦■•»*♦♦*♦•♦♦
of ono man by giving Constable Oor-[♦
mnn   art  an  gnolor  In   pinm  ot  fx, •
Hnrt ley. <♦
flergennt Piper of   thp R.N.W.M.P.
ramn up to Frrnli*1 Oils woob nnd n-'
turned with John Carrol In .-"iistody, 7
rhargrd with thr- ilt_ ft nf $2,Oon.   Tl.-»
nrrf.Nl of DiU rnnn wiib mado by *f"hl*r*f'*
Clerke, whom ho found on a (!, P. II. ■
n-iofi  ttt*titc4\y ■not syropa^-MI-**- nor j w-w-ibfl.ir.-l train.
Alt miner* will pleaie »t»y
away from Oinkhtad until
further notice. No scarcity of
labor bete.
<•»•»♦♦»♦♦ + ♦♦ r<
•*..,;. *. s , K^y** ^  ,
* * * ***** 4.*****
In The B. C. Legislature
i******************** ************.***+
Hawthornthwaite's Speech
It was not his (the speaker's) desire to criticize the government from a
commercial but from p. *,vorkin,<._class
standpoint, and in, order to do that
he wished to move an amendment to
the Address in reply. „ That Government had been elected to further the
business interests of the province.
, That class was not without shrewdness
and selected a number, of men to
. carry out their business; but he had
a very strong wish to criticize .the
Government from the standpoint of
the working class of B. C, whose interests he was trying to represent on
the floor of the house. In order
to put the position of the Socialist party before the House and,
the1 country he desired to present a
resolution. The newspapers of the
province had misrepresented the So-
■ cialist position, possibly because they
did not understand it, and ho'would
deal with that position to clear up
that misunderstanding. It bad been
said that if the working class really
understood the position taken up by
the Socialists, they (the Socialists)
would not get their support. In order that there might be no misunderstanding he would move the following
resolution: "That all the words in
tho Address in reply to the speech of
His Honor the Lieut. Governor after
the word 'that' in the fourth' line
.thereof be struck out, and the following   words   inserted -in   lieu   thereof.
" Whereas the enactment of the legislation proposed by the Government
is of little real interest or benefit
to the masses, and   .
" 'Whereas the further development
of the means of wealth production
and distribution by thc present ruling class means, in the last analysis,
but further poverty and misery for the
great majority of'the people,
, "Therefore be it resolved that we
have no confidence in the present Government, and, Be it further resolved
that the collective ownership and democratic "management of the means of
wealth' 'production and distribution,
and the abolition of the wage-system,
can alone relieve the existing evils
and poverty that affect the people of
this province and human society."
The. position taken by'the Socialist
Party in all countries was "that labor
■   created all wealth, and that to labor
it  should  belong.      If   that   position
was not correct, Socialists'occupied a
false position and an untenable stand,
and-, if it could be proved to be.be
correct one," the member for Newcastle and himself were the only two men
who liad any right to be on the floor
, of that house.     He would attempt to
'"sh"ow7nTarrjTer^oSltlon— tKej^occTTpleU™
was a true and correct one.
"Brains" were alleged to -be responsible for the immense wealth in
existence, 'brains" being supposed to
be the attribute of the class thnt owned all the wealth produced. , As a
matter'of fact all means uf wealth "oio-
diicton were legally in the hand": of
the ruling class and one of the .functions of the government- wa.-. to keer-
,* it In the.possession of that class and
make it a crime for the workini;cIa*JS
to attempt to get possession of it If
the contention rof the Socialists, that
lalior produced all wealth and should
ho in possession of it, could be proved
Incorrect, he would be glad to join
the rnnks of the Conservative pnrty
of the remnant of tho Liberal party.
The whole of the wealth of modern
society consisted of a sum of commodities, and under capitalist, production
nil were engaged In the production nnd
distribution of commodities. In former times, previous to the capitalist era,
production was carried on principally
for use, under this system solely,for
sale, consequently articles*must have
an exchange value as well as use value.
They must possess a certain value on
which they''could be exchanged. What
was that value? That value was determined by the amount of socially necessary human labor embodied in their
production. Commodities exchanged
on that basis. That element determined in the last analysis the value,
it was tho real cost of production, and
also determined the basis la'which different commodities exchanged. Labor,
created that value, and the difference
in value of different articles. The exchange value was expressed in the'
market price, which was'in its turn
affected by the law of supply and de.
niand, and competition between sellers and sellers, buyers and buyers, and
buyers and sellers, all of which, however, produced but fluctuations above
and below' that standard were taken
into account*over an,extended period
of lime for a given industry, the average of those fluctuations would be*
found to coincide with that standard.
They were natural'laws, not man created. The present system of production Itself provided the laws that dominate and controlled, and parliamentary -capitalist representatives were
but puppets whose function', it was to
carry out the desires" of the ruling
, Where did the capitalist come in?
Business was not carried on for the
benefit of human society. The capitalist .looked afler his own material
interests, and that was the motive
force that dominated mens' actions today. The capitalist cared not what
became of society so long as he realized his "profits. ......
Profits were supposed lo be something ■ honest,' but the working class
believed that the present system was
as much a slave system as any that
preceded it. It, was based on the
daily robbery of the working class, and
sentiment had no place in it. Capitalist, profit did not drop from heaven.
What Are
YOU Worth
From ihe
He would touch briefly on tlie wage
system.     Not until capitalist production appeared was the wage system established as the universal method of
producing wealth,     although   it  had
showed itself sporadically in society
for ages past. Wages were given in return for and were the price of the
workers' labor'power.* The amount* of
wages   was   affected  by  the   law   of
supply and demand, and for that reason the Socialist Party opposed  the
importation of.- labor power, a stand
that business men" would also take if
the  government  proposed   to import
the commodities they dealt in in order
to lower the price. .....
Tt f ■ entlmnt-ei] that
tho '■verin.o mnn I)
wnr Mi 12 a dny from
tha neck ifou'if-wlMt
It ho worth Irom tli«
neck upf
That (leper.*!* entirely .ijioii triiinlnir,
If you nro tinlm..! »o
Hint you plnn riml-
direct worn you nro
■wmiI) um timet, nt
much nil tlio mnn
who cun waik only
muter order*.
Tlio Ini.mill.ml
t.iili(Cn_.iici School*
yo io ll," iiiiui wlio It
fc"TUKitiinsf klnntf i.n
•mall pny anil sny to
llllll, ''\Vd Will  .till!)
>on fur p.oinuilun
.i_*hl wlipm you nre,
or we will (.unlily
V"ii lo t nkn up u
nunc oni: i'il In! linn
ot work nt n mut.li
Minimi- nullity."
I'.very month ««v.
liml It und mil ittu-
_._„*_. *__«_«.,«_»..,.
lepnrt MlvMircincnt
4\*  ii,<    __.,...'   ,..,+ ,'_
oft, C. N. trnlnlmr.
You ncc Jnot l«»v«
your proient woik,
or your own tmrne.
Hirklhli coupon «t
en.* ind mill it.
* ixmnkiioiniconnvoHUHciscaoois •
" ■__ _<___! t______>__.___i_i__»  n___ *y
■« VA, ftraelta, fa
* Ii.iu tipliln. Milieu. .Jilt., i ul>ll(>il<ii «• *>y T
. |i_i, l.uw 1 ttcqitlll. I«i • I•._«. ttiu.atil *
_ tjtllouitll  le Ik.   |H__|-'->*t   Union *
* wHf.ll   I   ..,.  «Ml_4  X, •
* f.'*mi.
M Wrtl»r
I    lr«hif»«f»-f»f tW«n*»*A
§fc**>Ci>4 w<ilir
1     ll_ril(»#fU*"|***>«
Wi******* Trimmer
C>*H »ifflt# litmi.
1    CsMrMt-t-* vf-4 •«il-t*H
ft'lMf-M'-li. OH'**"
1     f•)♦*•* I**-*-***.W
MMfcgAiof 1*S *-«»*»
I     ft»« f'ft-lM**
VKhtur  at n.i«,.H|rt
Vif*mti Uatu-tffl
1   i *f+»t+*
flnmtal __$_*>-!«*
1     *¥■*■■'* |*t*§i-M*l*
1     _•<•_*> f*Of
*.«*.•». ti|t
U      %.9*mlt***i*,**
* Strtrr ami Na..
'. Ct*	
do;was to produce the value equivalent
of his own wages, and then he was
not allowed to go home, but had' to
work much longer,. It was during
that time he. worked after producing
the value of his wages that was created the wealth of, the capitalist class.
The average production per head per
day was $1*1, and the average wage
was under $1.50. The average time
taken to produce the value of the wage
was about two1 hours, but afler that
the worker had to go on producing
additional values for whicli ho did
not. receive one single solitary cent,
Hour after hour he had to work for
nothing. That was the sourco of
thc profit of the capitalist class—absolute robbory—obtaining something
for nothing. It was the knowledge'of
that. that, made Socialists. " No .wagc-
earnor cnn be or was employed except
under those conditions. Tho dlfforonco" between wages paid nnd tho
market price .of the product, constituted surplus value, tho fund from which
cnmo tho daily profit of the master
class. Out of thnt fund camo also
rant nnd interest, mnchlnory, nnd tho
wenr nnd tenr of machinery, the wholo
cnpltnl of the cnpltnllst class. Whero
else could It come from? No ono ovor
snw a showor of capital dropping from
lipiivcn. It was simply tho product
of labor—unpaid lnbor—producod by
tho working clnss and not pnld for by
tho cnpItnllHt class,
Whnt, wns Hlnvory? What wns
It but tho powor of ono mnn or a
class of man.to compel nnotlior to
work for him or thom nnd rob them
of tho product of thoir lnbor? Thnt
Is Iho oHsenco of humnn slnvory. So
fnr ns 'he process wns cnn corned wn
lind soclnl production, but If tho producers nttomptod lo lny lmndn on their
product they woro thrown Into jnll,
It Is cnllod theft! Might is right,
now uh ovor, and would ..-nntlnuo in bo
ko, Prnctlcnlly tho only difference
bol wonn the chnttol nud .wngo slave
was thnt tho Inttor could chango IiIh
muster nnd tho former could not.
CnpItnllHt product Inn couhl not curry
on without, Ihnt Vt'iigooiinilng cIuhh,
which, lining divorced from ownership
in tho modern iiifium of wonlth production, lmvo to llvo hy the snlo of
tliolr liihnrpowor. Ilut evolution wnn
Inking plnco In tho iiiothodH of produc
tion, tho cnpltnllst Hystom hnd completed lm evolution ntul miiHt. of no-
coHHlty pnnH nwny. When n Hyutom
cnn no longor oporntc HuecosHfully If
(iin but loud tn mlitltloiinl nilucry und
wnnt," InvoHllgnlloii would show tho
truth of ihe Rtntomomt* contained in
As cnpItnllHt. production hnd developed It hnd resulted In iTicroiiHCd rnin-
ury ntul dogradiiiiiui for thu ninhncs of
people, Taking the V. 8., and many
pooplo would llko tn soo Cnnndn be*
como nnotlior II. fl,, nnd nccopt, the
,.,,,, ... , *
find Hint there wero 10,000.000 people
In the dlreHt poverty, In tho greatest
civilization the world hnd over neon.
In 1&8!., 1& por com of tho productive
v/orkers wero unemployed, a few year*
lntor 25 per cont, tn 1900 thero wero
S.flOO.OOO nuf nf wnrV, now It wn. computed thnt f>0 per cent wero utiomploy-
odt Yet pooplc thiked of thi**. nood
ot Importing more Rkllled "workpr*. In
the U. 8. thero were 10,000.000 In dlro
.Sutrt-im, In the whole- of thi* U. S.
tliem wore I2...00.0.0 famUIc*. Of
thin numbor I por rent (1,5.10.000)
fsinlliw. poMi<*f>-'.'-1 o>i un AvtrngD
|I.:;i).00O, I.-W.OM rimm***** wero Mr-
ly well off, with an average of ?14,180,
4,762,500 iamilics were poor' with an
average of $1,639, and 6,250,000 families possessed no wealth at all. Eleven-
twelfths of the nation-we're thus in
poverty. ■ What a ghastly commentary on the boasted- prosperity -and
the achievements bf civilization. It
was the prosperity of the master class,
iiot of the working class. ■ ■
• Let them turn to London, the heart
of their empire and the' centre of their
civilization. Of the population of that
city l.SOO.OOO are in abject poverty.
One million' draw but a scanty wage,
25 per cent are d66med0to fill'paupers'
graves. In the East-End 55 per cent
of the children die before they are five
years of age, 50 out of every 100 die
in their first year; and coroners hold
600 inquests yearly over children
smothered by tlieir mothers! In England out of every 1000 people 939 die
in poverty, 8,000,000 are always on
the edge of starvation and, 20,000,000
have but the bare necessities of life.
That was the Inferno that existed in
the heart .of the'Empire they, alluded
to as the Empress of the World and
the leader of civilization.
The present system was the most
destructive and expensive of any that
had evolved. Every year millions
of workers were injured or slaughtered. - On the" railroads of the U. S. in
1908 alone 85.000 were killed and injured—1 in 17  .   The workers
of all countries wore studying these
facts and would soon put a stop to
such an insane system. Whether it
would be stopped by peaceful, legislative methods or not, the revolution
would take place. They will not stand
it much longer_
In evidence of the' growth of the
niovement against present conditions
he 'would draw their attention to the
growth of, the Soc'alist vote in. Germany, A.few years ago it numbered
120,000 votes and was represented by-
two deputies. (It should be remembered that the German people were
profound thinkers; skilled in all branches of science). To-day the Socialist party in Germany was supported
by over 3,250,000 votes, and, by huge
numbers who were unable to vote.In
Japan they, seemed to be trying to suppress the movement by cutting off the
heads of Socialists, which would be as
ineffectual as the repressive German
legislation of a few years ago, which,
had to, be repealed. Capitalist production was fast driving the workers
to overthrow it	
Dealing with the waste under capitalism the speaker instanced the fact
of $1,555,000,000 annually spent to
keep up the standing armies of' the
world all paid for out of the surplus
values, unpaid toil extracted from the
j-vorkers. On a D_eac_e__fQQ.ting__there
were  more  soldiers  maintained ." in
to talk over with you.".     (They go
inside).        "-  ' '   *   ;
Mr. .Brewster: "John, what about
the leadership?'',
J. Jardine: "The Leadership? I
don't know;, what do you think about
it?" .   .**    '   '       '•"."'."
H.,'C. B.: "Oh! well it's absolutely
necessary'we should have a leader.;1
J. J.: '.'Brewster, I'll be candid with
you. I have been 27 years here in
this country, and I've given 10 years
of my life to the promotion of measures in .the interests of the people.
I am a member'.of. the executive, of
the "Liberal Association of the province and also president of the Esquimau Liberal Association'and* I think
this job ought to be given to inc."
H. C. B.: "I think I'm entitled- to
it." '    .-■ '
J.-J.:'. "What have you against
me?"*   ' -"-*
II.' C. B.: "In the first place, you
were elected as a Labor Liberal."
J. J.: "That's true; but, that isn't
going to bar me from .any position in
the Liberal Party.".    "■  „
H. C. B.: "In'the second place you
have not had a'business training."
, J. J.: "No; I'm a common every
day painter, but I'm not afraid to
handle a brush with any man in British Columbia."     (Laughter.)
H. C. B.: "Well, you know there is
a seat reserved at. all - government
house functions for the leader of the
opposition."* ,
., J. J.:   "You can cut that out." (Lau-
H. C. B.: "It is also a question if
you could arise on the impulse of the
moment and answer the premier or
the attorney general." (Laughter.)
J. J.: "Anything else?"
II.'C-U.: "Well, if you don't let
me lead for a week or a month; or until such time as I can get into a better
position financially I will take very
good care you are not leader. (More
laughter.) °
Mr. John Jardine's description of
the famous Oliver map and the easy
manner of constructing the railroad
across from Albemi to Victoria by dipping a brush in his colors and drawing
the line across the map simply brought
down the house, but the climax of
hilarity was attained wben the last
recruit to the government ranks so
graphically described his "study" in
face painting with Senator W. Temple-
man as his subject.
"Well, Mr-Speaker, as I have had a
little training in my, time, I got my
Marquis ot' Queensbery legs under me,
stiffened up the muscles of my left
shoulder, relaxed the muscles of my
right, and then, I let out, sir; and I
landed him right oh the very spot
where he put his clenched fist on my
face." This was scientifically demonstrated by Mr. Jardine, who suited
the action to the words as he struck
out at his imaginary. foe with two
fierce iippercuts. "I landed him on
the right eye, threw my arm over
his. neck and got, his head in chancery and was pounding away at him
when Mr. Brown ruched out of his
office and took me off."
i-fe5—LIMITED— - *sn
Beware of
[Sold on the
Merits of '
o ,   -   -
45 Steam-Heated  Rooms
Hot and Cold Baths"
The King Edward
Fernie's  Leading 'Commercial  Hotel,
The Finest Hotel in East Kootenay
, J. L.   GATES, Prop.
August 6-11.
erial Bank of Canada
Capital Authorised .... $10.000,000.00. .Capital Subscribed  .... $5,575,000.
.Capital   Paid   Up   .....:'. $5,575,000 .    Reserve Fund  .$5,575,000 •
D. R. WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY. Vice-Pres;
Arrowhead,, Cranbrook, Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Nelson,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria.       -■_ ' „
. _ - .
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.   '
Europe than men engaged in direct
production, and the number would be
increased to 18,000,000 or 19,000,000
on a war footing. ' To-day Europe
maintained 5,000,000 men under arms.
The annual cost of the army of Great
Britain was $325,000,000. ■ She had a
national debt of $3,945,000,000. Let
them contrast that waste with the
conditions of the workers.
Ho had but briefly touched upon
the position takon by the Socialists
in the different* countries of the world.
As to praci Icing tlieir principles, how
could they practice a system that did
not. prevail? - They were living under
capitalist, production, and overy one
had .to do the best for himself. It
is rob or bo robbed; wo have to make
tho best of conditions ns they existed.
Crjticism on that score cnmo from
olther thoso who did nol, understand
or deliberately misrepresented the Socialist position.
Ilo bad absolutely no hope that, the
motion would curry nt the present
time, but it'Vould sorvo to show tho
International churncter of tho movomont, nnd mnko their position on tho
floor of that houso understood.
Thc Speakor then rond tlio motion
ntul put It to tho vote, It being defeated on a show of hands, only Wll-
llnniH niul Hnwthornthwnlto supporting It.
"The Scene is Changed."
Last Monday, whilo tbo Houso nt
Victoria was In session, u pnpor bomb
was surreptitiously introduced by tho
pngo whon distributing coplos of a
bill thnt hnd boen presented nnd, what
might hnvo otliorwlso romninod ns so*
dnto nnd decorous n body «h a inuto
Institution wns transformed Into a
hnppy crowd of laughtor dispensers,.
The naturo of tho document, bo slyly
Introduced cnmo in for coiiRiiro nt tho
hands of Speaker EbortB, who con*
domncd this grosn broach of oti'iuotto,
nnd yot If tho onds justify lho monns
free pardon should bo grunted to tho
perpetrator**! bocnuno of tho ploamiro
thnt, nil dcrlvod. It was n clarion
cull from thn KHqiilmall Llhornl Ah*
Horlatlon to Mr. John .Inrdlno, nn erst-
whilo moiety of thn Llhornl nppimltlon
to roHlgn forthwith borntiHo of his
rocont deflection by fnrwiltlng IiIh only
t-ollfiiiKiio, II. C, llrowHtur, and leaving
him to wr-nr thn flrlt toga 'uiinldeil
and nlono,"
Mr. .lohn .Inrdlno, wIioho prowoRB nH
a dluelp].. of a long Dim of not ml chur*
nctorH In tho Hnwdunt nrcnii (we menn
the puKllUtlc, not the clrciw urennl
(o which Sonntor Tomplomnn cnn,
uw-ii (iiuiign KiuuKiiiKiy, ..our uiiirn*
■.i_i').'il./* I'".l__..'.i_,-', |j.cjj urv-'iv h.< ini-
drosH the nsRcmbly. nnd fto employ n
common phrase) dollghtod his
hearers, with an *xhIbUIon of "liiun*
doling Liboral linwi," thai created
roin'H of laughter.     In vlow of this
TliiKnil-'I'nli'li |.(*.iilil:liiiiTl Vitilllh'I'lC ftM't.l.i
pllnhmcnts, perhaps It .would bo more
approprlnto to stato tliat ho painted
a picture of "Ilohlnd tho Scenes" en*
titling him to a prominent placo In tho
rnnk* of Momim. Tho offoct wim iiueh
that if laughtor caimcR obesity thoro
wilt be quite an InTcac-j Jn tho waist
line men-Miro-meni of uomo n. C. re-
nrManlativea whon thoy ni*>st vlwlt
the tailor,
Av n sidelight upon tho nubjoct of
tbo iMileranip of tbe Liberal party,
Mr Jardine nnld. In m-f-ftlntr Mr. Brow-
ter the following conversation ensued:
Mr. lirowtter: "John, come Into
the room hrr-i: Vx-o. -iimetblnij** f want
Brewster, in a-brief speech stated that
the utterances they had Just listened
to must be conclusive evidence that,
inferential^, •W'xvas the only proper
person to assume the dignity attached
to, the position  of Liberal  leader.
Speaker' Eberts again called'attention to the illict manner in which this
document had been circulated and the
house then adjourned.   -
A GOOD CELLAR     -    ,
is-ours; * stocked °with the best sellers in liquors. * Buying good liquors
does, not just happen by chance, but
it is by using experience and.knowledge of what good. 7 '
should be, and by going where they
are sold. Our liquors are known
for their purity and satisfying qualities. •-We sell only in case lots, but
you will want that much, tbey are
so everlasting good..
Fernie. B. C.   . .
the ."plane" facts are we. have
lumber,, for   all  possible   purposes. The * knotty kind' makes
good   fences   around   baseball
1 ground.    i
BER, "  „     "'.*',:'
seasoned or green, according to
the, purposes you 'want it for.
Also special lumber for. special-
purposes, and we can get anything you want in less time and
1 for.less money'than you can. .
Wm.. Eschwig, Proprietor
New and up-to-date
Handsome   Cafe Attached
Vancouver, B. C.
30th Jan. 1911,
Editor  "The  District   Ledger."
Dear Sir,-—Tho 'public press of this
province without distinction ot party
hns always given this department very
efficient assistance, indeed, I hnvo
always held that without the co-opera-
lion of the Press we. could novor havo
enforced our Horticultural Regulations
which nro proving of such immense advantage to the fruit-growing Industry
of British Columbia. I would therefore, tako tho liberty ot requesting
you to grnnt mo tho uho of your vnlunblo columns to direct the attention
of nil importers of nursery stock to
Section 4 of lho Horticultural Ilogii-
latlons, which provldos thnt certified
Invoices of all shipments of nursery
Block, trees nnd plants, must ho fur*
nlshod to tho Inspoctor of Fruit Posts
nt Vancouvor, nt tho tlmo when such
shipments aro *, delivered for Inspection,
Tho reason for this Is thnt whon a
enso of goods arrives, wo know hy
tho Invoice what It should contain,
and nro prepared to chock tho con*
tents ovor with lho Invoice This
greatly expedites Iho uubIiiqrh of Inspection umi enables us to deal promptly with nil Importations,
Tt. Is clearly In tho Inton-sts of tho
Importers Hint wo should ho nblo to
dotoct any mlstnko that may hnvo
beon mado In shipping tho goods. All
this wriH cnrofiilly considered whon
tho tloHlcnllurnl Hulos wero adopted,
but unfortunately many of tho Importers neglected to comply wllh this regulation,
1 would therefore urRo that a gonornl observance of this rulo bo ndoptod.
Tlio Importiiilon of nurHory nt(-ck
are largely on tho Increase, and I run
JiiHt completing additional facilities
for liiHpecllnn. Our Htaff will ho
doubled thlH yonr, bo Mint, whntovor
delays may havo occurred ln tho past
may ho avoided In future, If tho Inipor*
tors comply with the regulation nbovo
referred to,
Tlmnltlng yon for your nflRlHtnnco,
Yours faithfully,
TlT-^M'.r1 rTTW'fV'r,TT ■_ T
'i Tnf.p---c.tor of Prult Petith.
rate among the miners is only 2.25 per
In the United Kingdom during the
same period the death rate was but
1.20 per thousand.
Western  Fatalities  Higher
In tho western section, Colorado,
Xow Moxlco.nnd Utah, it was G.4> por
1000, and In the Pacific coast section
Washington and British Columbia, 7
per 1,000.
'It. would appear that tho variation
In the fatality rates Is duo to different mining methods and to differences
In tlie coal seams," declares tho author. ' '
The report states that, "mining methods in the United Stnios are often
crude, and known safoty precautions
aro either disregarded or not used.'
' Child Labor Laws Disregarded
Further it snys that child labor laws
ore indifferently observed and In 1908
ten chlldron of thirteen and fourteen
and thirteen children of.fifteen years
wero nmong tho klllod in coal mlno
Fall  of Roof Great Cause
By far thq most Importnnt slnglo
and. well-defined cnuso of accidents is
fnll of coal or roof, -10.C por cent of
all fatal accidents In tho ton yoar
period bolng duo to this cnuso, whilo
explosions of various kinds accounted
for 25,2 por cunt and mlno cars for 12
per cont.
Argues for Training
Tho nvorngo ago at death of mon
klllod by coal mino nccldonts during
1008 wns 31.8 yenrs,
Porolgn-born workmen, without no-
dial pxpnrlonco In mining ore employ*
od In largo iiiiinherH, and through inls*
undorHtar-dlng of ordom or by rook*
Iohh disregard of tho nocoHsary rules
of'opornttlnn, often Imperil, not only
tliolr own Hvoh, but nlno tho llvos
of tho trained and experienced
Thn nut hor argues ln favor of hotter
education of tho. minor** and of hotter
twining of foremen, miporlntendenls
nnd examiners.
j Prepare for Fall
8    and Winter
, .We have just cleared our summer stock out and now we are
ready to fit you up for .the winter from head to foot.   If you are
looking.for the future and-intend  to  save, your money purchase
Haddad' and now we are .carrying a very large stock of ladies' aud
? gents'   furnishings.    Trunks and valises, in fact, everything for
men, women and children. . ■    •   -)
Our. $1.25 Sweater Coats havo no. equal.' Our $1.75 Pen Angle
Undersuits have .them all beaten.   ., *-, ' ■■
Our Suits are Just the kind you need for style and durability.
We carry a large assortment of Boots and Shoes, the best selection that money and brains "can buy.
Next- to Wigwam Cnndy Store
Next to Northern lToto.
Tho Children's Hair
A Little Extr/t Cure Now May Save
Aftor Years of Regret
Chl|dreii (iluy nolmrd that tlio head
Death   Rate  Low   In
6talei,    Training
Eait, Central
WAflUlNTON—That unlonUm In
thn conl fields of Illlnola nnd Indlnna
has greatly added to tho protection of
Iho IIvch of tho minora Is borne out
by Ihe report of tho bureau of lnbor
nude public recently.
Illinois Rate Low
HlntlNtl'u in thr, rormrt nbnw that
lb****, mimbrr pf fatalities In N'orth America during tho period !W twenty years
tnrling JMS, were 29,253, the ratio
per thousand lining 3.11.
In IlllnolR and the ett&t centra! atatM
Including Indiana and Kentucky where
tli'i miner.* a'.c oriianUc'I,   tho   dtiath
to .not and K«t Rtlcky on tliu'Jionlp.
,')_.■_.;.> _.;.:,' iijiU.* _.'. ..i.-.'i ,.*«,,. (., .e-
movo It, hut Dig hMr miint breath*
to be hualtliy. Ju«t try .N'>__l» lllmu-
tone. Hub It Into tint roots of the hair
-tvltli tlio tiU.U of tlm, nagem, The
children like It and will -ink you to
una It. lllrxuton* looioni up the no-
cumu'AUd  ilui.t   and  i)*»riplr*tlon  nnd
»*,.i_.   ».._.._    a.. I   *>.__,.^.   >..,_.._   t,.,,*..   \,^,  <<.4.i._.y
and thorniiRlily c.'ennml, Aftor It ta
dried glvo d,noth«r application or Hlr-
mitonc.. Atter you havu uia-1 It ror
A wIiIIa you will admit It lit the b«it
you hair* ever uued. Vour Nyul Drug
btor* will ch#er.*illy ijimrmitoo lllrau*
ton** to do alt Hint U datmod (or IL
Fernie Opera House
A. Pizzocolo, Mgr.
Queen's Hotel
Barber  Shop
FlrBt class work guaranteed.
Drop In and convince yourself.
Razor Honing a Specialty. (
G.   RADLAND,   Proprietor,
(Late Palace Barber 8hop)
For Sale nnd Ouarnnteed
Out for uch tvtrytfty aflmttt
Mcintosh, McDonald
& Snow
& Builders
Open for all kind* nf IniHlncKH
In their line
Add rows Box 07
Workingman's Home
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board
Ledger Ads Pay
Ross ft Mackay hm
Bar ttnppli(-.l with  thi-  X*'*t Wincx,
Liquor* nnd Clg-u-i.
w. mm,
**  '   =_■ j.""**
r One of the Saddest-
Features oof  the
. Gity-Terrible
One of the most painful sights of
the metropolis, and one which visitors
to this- city never. see, is the long
',. desolate bread line "which every night
just at 12 starts to move: towards the
Fleischmann Bakery. on 10th street.
The bread line has now moved across
Broadway with tbe Vienna Bakery.
When,it-*was announced that the bakery was to move there was a rumor
: that the bread line would be abolished. 7.: ■"'.
There were' many  sore  hearts* in
* consequence. Biit one night the bread
line found a small placard announcing
that after June 8 the bread .would be
be doled put at the side entrance'of
"the new restaurant and would' continue to be supplied as in the past.
"A deep.sigh of relief passed from one
to  another , of  those, who read  and
understood.     Tliere wns nothing articulate, for the bread line doesn't talk.
Grace Church has purchased tho old
'site .of the bakery.' Soon the aspect
of, the placo will change. ' In fact, is
already changing, and across the
street the new bakery restaurant has
little resemblance to the old; but ono
feature. has not altered and' apparently will not—the bread line. <-■
■ It is thirty years ago that the first
loaf was doled out, In December of the
year 1876 ,to be exact. One night last
•winter,,a cold, sleety nigbt, the record
" of the bread line was broken. Then
1;200 men stood waiting for the bread
and cup of coffee provided for each.
'*"' The attendance does not fall off much
in summer, and no matter how' hpt
the night, there are always four or five
hundred in the line.
On the first December nigbt a starving man inhaling' the odor of fresh
bread timidly asked for a' loaf. One
was given him., Then the line began
to firm, and every night grew longer.
It has been reported that one of the
* elder Feischmanns made legal provi-
* sion for'continuing the dole of bread:
but this is a,mistake.     Perhaps with
the business acumen that marked his
career he did not care to hamper his
heirs with a charity that might prove
a white elephant on. their hands. But
he spoke of it many times during his
illness and expressed his interest in
■it:      ■
■ At. 11 p.m. the "bakery lights up,
From that moment, the city begins .to
disgorge its hungry nien_ About 11.30
the line.begins to form. The men
take' their places quietly.. They, do
not shove or fight or protest.     They
;*vdo .hot even speak" to one another. ■
-Tlmt Is ono. nf the, sir'-inny. fpnliirps
sound which begins promptly as the
clock strikes midnight. " This sound is
the shuffle. Any one who has watched the bread line will remember tbis
shuffle. It begins away off as the
army moyes on its supply, base and
creeps gradually nearer. ■ It continues until the last bit of bread is distributed, and the dies away. "
Just.before the line starts, the bakery watchman goes iu search for helpers, two of whom are drawn from the
line every night.* do the work ancl get
extra bread for compensation. These
helpers are unkept, and the growth
of many days' beard is on their faces.
But*there,is nothfig the matterTwnth
their muscles. Tliey lift the filled
crates as if they were paper ' boxes
and carve tbe loaves with big carving
knives quickly and surely, with unerring precision. ,'/- *   '
While they are preparing, the feast
a young chap comes swinging'-Wily
■about the corner,.He. is in evening
clothes with a "gardenia" in his buttonhole.' He has apparently come from
the gay Bialto where night is turned
into day, where there are no shadows
and no sharp contrast of the way the
other half lives.
He looks at tlio crates of bread,
tbe helper and Pop, * He picks up a
piece and eyes lt reflectively. ,'' Ho
asks'if be may, take it, and nods pleasantly, when he gains tohe privilege.
He walks away nml disappears into
a nearby apartment' hotel.
You wonder Is ho going to eat it.
Is he going to tlo a ribbon about it
and send it to his Kansas City home
as a souvenir of night life .in New
York? "7 ' '
The sergeant has a good word to
speak for theclino," He says it never
gives anybody any trouble.* They are
a quiet, well behaved, orderly lot of
men who compose It. they never quarrel among themselves,
- Twelve strokes from the church
tower. The crates, filled to the
■edges, are in position. As the last
stroke dies away the watchman yells:
"Come bn, now!" .'
They come in, answer to this. They
come so swiftly that you lose note of
distinctions. They are of all sizes
and ages, the young, the middle aged,
the old. They come from the furthermost part of the earth and from near
at hand, for every race and country
is  represented.   ,
Occasionally a white collar shines
Sometimes a stiff derby is seen instead of a soft felt. . One has a handkerchief. The majority of the coats
are buttoned to the throat' to conceal
the discrepancy of undergarments.
Many of the feet' are stockingless,
thrust' into shoes gaping at the sides
yawriin front, , ,Thea clothes, have
strange creases, made by. sleeping in
As -soon* as the sidewalk of Broadway, is-'re-iche_d__on_the return march.
tion and they too disappear. The
sergeant swings his club and brushes
a little dust from his new uniform.
Pop wipes his brow and says:,,"Good
night's work." The sleek businessmen and the clergymen who havebeen
"watching the show", and the other
loiterers look thoughtful.-; The light
goes out. .  . --. *
Makes   High   Prelates   There
And Consider
' of tho bread, line. It bas not altered
during three decades. Tt is as silent
to-day as It was when It first formed.
There is no chatter along the file, nb
passing of the time of day, no expression of interest in one another. There
is no laughing, not even with those of
the* brutal kind. No man exchanges
repartee wit,h his pal.. No young chap
attempts horseplay with his neighbor.
Tho lino is silent, except for ono
LONDON.—Strongly significant of
the rumblings in the international labor movement was the principal session of the Pan-Anglican* Congress
here when the largest gathering yet
attracted assembled ,to hear the message of the Church tp Socialism.
■ '"Christianity" and.,Socialism-, was
the topic. One hundred and fifty
archbishops and bishops, a multitude
of minor clergy and an assemblage of
laymen-' and laywomen outnumbering
any hitherto gathered crowded Albert
Hall, * 8,000 persons being present. .
The Bishop of, Birmingham, wbo
was scheduled to preside,' was absent
owing to "illness. He sent a paper
which was read by his substitute, the
Bishop of■ Massachussette, the keynote
of which was the injustice of the existing division of thp profits of industry.
After contrasting the grinding poverty
of the" workers with the extravagant
luxury of idle rich, he demanded from
the Church "a tremendous act of penitence for having'falled so long and so
greatly to champion the oppressed
and weak, penitence tp be followed
by reparation ere the well merited
judgment of,God take all weapons of
influence out of our hands."
There followed a series of eloquent
addresses, the first of which was
from Silas McBee of New York. Mc-
Bee's appeal to all church people "not
to be their brother's keeper, but to
be their brother's brother,", was loudly appplauded,' and it sums up the
general trend of the debate; nearly
ah of the speakers" emphasizing the
necessity of the Church's co-operation
in removing the oppressions.leading to
the present-day Socialism. Whether
this meant to abolish these oppressions by establishing Socialism, or
abolish the oppressions in order' to
prevent the final victory of Socialism,
was, however, not made clear.
All the speakers, except one, based
their arguments* on the character and
teachings of the Founder of Christianity and the brotherhood of humanity.
The abolition of wage earning and the
public maintainance of child bearing
mothers were among the reforms predicted or advocated..*
The .Rev. J. G. Simpson, principal
of the Clergy School at Leeds, assured
the vast audience that all over the
north of England thoy were face to
face with-, a rising tide of Socialism
which they were powerless to stem
even if they wished to do so. Countless workers in the forges, furnaces
•and mills of the north had-* adopted
the_Socialistic.idea and helA_Q___Ll_e
Police Commissioners for
-Province are Now
SOLD   FOR   $280,000
Winnipeg    and    Montreal   Capitalists
Purchase the  Mine of Cardiff
Coal Co., Ltd.
.VICTORIA, Jan 27.—The following
have been' appointed police commissioners:
Greenwood—Alderman   I.   W.   Mc-
Laine, S..M. Johnson.
Rossland — Alderman   Dr.   Albert
Henry Tanner, J. D. McDonald.
Trail—Alderman  Francis  E,  Dock-
erill, Archibald Donaldson.
Slocan—Alderman   William Clough,
Peter Swan.
Phoenix — Alderman   George   W.
Rogers, Albin Almstrom.      '  r.
Fernie—Alderman Samuel Graham,
Alexander McDougall.
' Cranbrook--Alderman Joseph Jackson, V. Hyde Baker.
' Kaslo—Alderman William G. Robb,
A. R. Heyland.
Chilliwack.—Alderman T. H. Jackson, T. 13. Caskey.
■ North  Vancouver—Alderman   Arthur J. Henderson, Colin P. Jackson.
' The following have been appointed
license commissioners:
Greenwood—Alderman Frank Buck-
less, J. L. Coles.  '
< Rossland — Alderman    Dr.    Albert
Henry Tanner, J. D. McDonald.
Trail—Alderman ■ Francis B. -Dock-
erill, Archibald Donaldson.
Slocan—Alderman' William Clough,
Peter Swan.   .
Phoenix, — Alderman .George . W.
Rogers, .Albin Almstrom.
Fernie—--Alderman John Lome Mclntyre, G, Fred Johnson.
. Cranbrook—Alderman Daniel .Johnson, James Caslack.
Kaslo—Alderman William G. Robb,
A. R. Heyland.  .
Chilliwack.—Alderman G. H. W.
Ash well," A. L. Coote.
North Vancouver—Alderman Richmond Charles Biss, Albert Richard
Steacey. ' 7
Rumors have been' circulated for
weeks past to the effect that the Cardiff Coal Company, limited, had sold
its holding in Alberta, but it *was difficult to obtain reliable information
until recently," owing to the reticence
of Major W, R. Bell, financial broker,
who negotiated the transaction.
It is now authoratively stated-that
the property formerly owned by the
Cardiff* Coal Company, limited, has
been sold to an entirely new company,
operating- under the name of the Cardiff Collieries, Limited ,for the sum of
$820,000.   '
, The shareholders of the new company are well-known Winnipeg and
Montreal capitalists,'and the fact that
Canadian capital is so'largely interested itself iu western-coal fields is a
strong indication of ,the attention being paid to the opportunities afforded
in the rapidly growing-western country.
The Cardiff Collieries, limited, is
fully organized, with head offices at
Winnipeg; the mine is well equipped
with up-to-date' machinery and is now
a large shipper in a rapidly growing
market. ' The following gentlemen
constitute tbe board of directors: J.
W. de C. O'Grady, president; Andrew
Kelly, vice-president; J. C. Gage, Hon.
T. Maynes Daly, D. C. Cameron, W. R.
Bell, H. H. Chown, W, Russell, of Winnipeg; H. J. Allison, Montreal.—Manitoba Free Press.
the line _ breaks' up into fragments
again. The mnss disintegrates.. No
two go off together. Singly they have
come, singly the go. Not a good night
is heard,
* Some thrust their bread into their
pockets for the morning. Some "eat
as they go. Some take' It homo for
hungry wife and family.
The helpers have waited "patiently
and now they take their double por-
a religion and loved it like a bride.
He demanded that the Church give a
free field to Socialism. He* appealed
to it to try to understand it and not
hasten to discount it.
■ More significant than the speeches
themselves was , the keen Interest
shown in the Socialist pleas and the
earnest enthusiasm with which such
points .as those above given wero
greeted from all"parts of tho hall.
v Meeting an old friend recently* in
tWn from Nicola alley and- asking
about conditions he said:  .    _
"My' advice tq coal miners is to
stay away for the present at any rate,
as many men are idle, not only newcomers, but also a number have5been
laid, off because of two mines of the*
Nicola Valley Coal and Coke Co. hav:
ing-shut down/ So far as the' land
question"!! concmiedri f _pTesent_n _i-~
cations are fulfilled there will be considerable development down there during 1911.  . '■-.,.
For an outburst of sycophancy reminding one forcibly of the "Me und
Gott" doggerel that created interna-,
tional complications years ago, one
should read an Item ln German published in The Daily News Adyortisor
of Jan. 28th calling upon residents
of the Fatherland to celebrate" the)
52nd birthday of the Kaiser.
"Under his royal hand," we are, informed that Germany has ■' achieved
stupendous progress in commerce and
industry. This reminds one forcibly,
of the incident told of another blusterer who, when recounting the charge
of San Juan Hill was, naively asked
by his son Kermit "Pop, couldn't you
get anybody to help you lick, the
Spaniards?" ' .
He is called the "Father of his
family," but riot a word about the
autocratic manner in which he has
vented his spleen on the majority of
his family whom he has.characterized
as,"vaterlandlos"; no comment about
his "Divine Right" theory, or the number of-those,imprisoned for lese ma-
jeste. Tt is usually the Latin races
that are regarded as champions at
laudation, but this Teutonic effusion'
eclipses them entirely.
Do You Want
A Home ?■
Three   20-acre   Tracts,   of
which four  acres on each
are   improved,    on    Lake 3
Front and  located   where
there  is  good   settlement..
Price per block §1500 and
at terms to suit purchasers. '
This is a chance for anyone
intending to make a home
for himself at once.
50 blocks well watered, excellent soil, free , from rock
and easily cleared—Three
miles from station.
C      ' " .1
Joe Grafton
P.O. Box 48
Fernie       - ..    B. C. J
A penal reform league has" been established in England to obtain and
circulate-accurate information concerning criminals .tgid 'their treatment',
and to promote a sound public opinion
on the subject.
According to a recent telegram from
London the supposed bombs discovered in Hourisditch turn out to be harmless instruments used by button makers. If it takes such a tremendous
aggregation of force representatives
lo dislodge a few button makers we
fear that the Canadian Navy would
have boen requisitioned to have captured the nine tailors,of Tooley Street.
1 and good business
stationery is advertising-
it's not so much the taste
of the man producing the"
matter, as the consideration of what will appeal
to the people he desires
HE51^acR7^StiU7yD^70 .r"
self will find a keen, personal satisfaction in using
good paper and printing.
May we show you samples' >
The District Ledger
Best   Investment   on   Earth
Is the
. Avo. you 11 hoinosockcr, or nro you
seeking a safe nud profitable invest-
mont. in tlio district of thc future, will'
spring tlio whole yenr round, soil of inexhaustible fertility, crops growing
every month in the year, and transportation nt your very door to tnl:o your
products to all markets; where there is
11 fine ocean harbor, and where grows
everything cntablo necessary for tho
Whero you   will   got  well  on   tho
Whero medicine is unnecessary.
Where thero is plenty of rainfall and
heavy dews.
Wlioro Iho cool   air   from   nearby
mountaiiiH causes rninfnll every month
in tho year.
,,    AVhoro you aro nt tho Const.
Whero you tlo not need to irrigate.
Whero you nro near tho deep water
AV1w»i*n the* pniiotnnt opi. brP7oq -rnnlfo
life worth livmR.
Where it rarely freezes.
Whero thoro nro no winters, cyclones,
blizzurds or tornadoes.
Whoro tho flowers bloom ovory month
Xv tbo vonr
Whore you can wear tlio samo kind
of clothes comfortably aU tho year
Whore yon fnrm every month in tho
Where you savo more thnn yon can
mako Eastward.
Where thc tide of imigration to rapidly going, and land values aro rapidly
Wbcro tho land will yield anything
equal to nny pnrt of thc country.
Where sunstroke is never known.
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... , rfMaw'i
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• " ,*v*-I W
SMSlftia^ •^■y^ywff^v-. -
Market unlimited; soil most fertile;
climate ideal; middleman eliminated;
produce from cultivator to customer
without intfrmedjafy. Thc proximity
to the principal const cities of the pt'o-
v.iK-e furnishes the best powiiblc markets. Transportation facilities unexcelled.
Apply to Owner
Branch Offlco, Roma Block, Fornio, B. C.
Headquartoro, 1637 Third Avo. W.
LOCATION: in thc midst of mining,
lumbering and other large industries,
which afford largo remunerative cm-
ploynicnt to thc owner*, of small farms
in the fftrly Htnges of their develop-
TERMS: 10 per rent canhi balance
ou tonus to suit the purchaser. NO
Where you do not work six months of
onch year to keep from freezing and
slarving the oilier six months.
Where vegetation i.s so strong and so
rapid ns lo astonish any Kasterucr.
Where five or len acres put in fruit
or vegetable***:, or poultry, will make a
Whero water is soft, pure, ami plentiful.
Whero rattlesnakes are unknown.
Where, you can live in a summ.'i' house,"
surrounded by flowers, IVuils and fern'*'.
Where there are practically no laxes.
Where it is so healthy tlmt people
rarely ilie cxecpl fnun "Id age.
Where, lum,' irouble, catarrh, hny
fever, nstlinui, bnuieliiiis, rheumatism
iuul all lhe, ills oi' variable dimities arc
prneiieally unknown.
When- ;«i'ii '«'.i!l lisc t**u years lunger.
When: ymi wtir]:' l«*,ss and obtnin
more llinn in any oilier place on enrlh.
Where ymir laud yields enormously,
and freight rates arc uot neees-sary.
Where I here is tlm best fishing and
■>>.•« ii ,i    -i    i '      ',** ..i . ■
Where ,gri-:i1 e.j'-pe.r'lur.-lb-- are lyin<»
Kveryone buying mie of these farms
nr lots prepares l>r the fultire nnd old
i ..i -..  :.   (V,,  r.,.i,,,i.,«;.,,,  ,,f ^....ilMi
hut without its proceeds invested you
will toil on to the end. Do not miss
the opportunity. The only difference
between rieh and poor is one of investment.
A farm in the country, amil nt thc
door «f the city.
To be sold in nmnll parcels of from !»
to lo acres at termit to suit the purchaser.        '
Practically all the water iron! is a
elarn  bed at low tide. -'':\17'77
Jl 'WMMUUU.^MI'.kA    .
®lK Btefrfrl £&%tx
. Published every Saturday mwrning at its office
Pellat Avenue, Fernie, B. 0.' Subscription $1.00
per year;in advance, ,An,excellent advertising
mediuin.; Largest circulation in, the Districts Advertising rates on application. Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications to The District Ledger.
' J. W. BENNETT, Editor., \
^telephone No.; 48.
Postoffice Box No. 380
A CCORDING to reports from the coast dailies
■**■ Messrs. Ashworth and Stockett have given an
intimation that the probabilities arc that there will
-be an increase in the price,of coal in the not far
distant future wliich they attribute to the enhanced
cost of production, an important factor in affecting wftich is the wages paid thc coal miner.
AVe do not know whether this is intended as a
hint that tliere i.s or is not; a plan pn foot to pay
those who extract tho fieat giving substance from
the soil more wages voluntarily because of a recognition that the present average earnings are altogether insufficient to meet current expenses even when
, the, closest economy be practised—Hens' teeth "are
rare. *      7'
,   Those who dwell in this valley, because of closer
relationship with the workers-engaged in the principal industry of the community, know quite well
that, considering the risks incurred and the arduous
toil involved in winning coal, that thc" wages are altogether too low* to enable amarried man' with
family, even though thrifty, sober and industrious,
to purchase-more than the-bate necessities of life.
We allude to the general average, not tb a very
small percentage who may be receiving a little more
than their fellows.because of certain favorable conditions.     "One swallow does not make a summer,"
neither does the circulation of the report of big pay
, received by a few affect the accuracy of our.asser-
'-  tion that the general average, is not enough to* enable a married man to bring up his family as they
ought to"be and enjoy educational facilities,-that
should be the heritage of every child.'-- The consequences of these conditions are that the boys go to
work just as spon as thy reach lhe legal age'* and
" of times even before they are 14 by perjuring themselves when asked how old they are; the girls are
compelled to, accept employment as nursemaids,
'-.etc.,*or else stay at home to help'the mother who,
takes in a number of boarder's.. ;'   ''"'"''
Replying to those who advance as a remedy ..th.it
if the men would spend less money in their own
, . indulgence in liquor the children would be better
off, we would contend that this is a hasty eonelu
* <*•_•-   £ 7'7:<ji
know although...sympathy, may. be expressed .-.an-tV'--^
felt that it is not going to remedy the dificulties !■
which tlio coal,miner-.with other members of- tha\-
working class are to-day laboring-under.
,.7.The. cause of the evils to which the-human family';
is life ir to inheres- in. present day-^odety and e-raft. ideation can only be*, accomplished;by thelvaboljtiOn "■"
of the wage system* whereby a'cbihplete rdvolufion
would-be affected.     To bring this to pass   is   not
possible until ignorance has*been dispelled and a
recognition of the fact that increase of wages,' decrease'of cost of living, temperance, thrift and'tlie'
many other panaceas advanced are inadequate to
cope with the situation and the benefits accruing
from them are of the most transitory' character.'
We must-not delude ourselves with any expectations that, the change will be rapid, because those
who arc in enjoyment of privileges, seeing the condition of others'below them in tbe social'scale, fear
that their espousal of any change would deprive
them therefore acluated^by the "what we have we
hold" policy, fight to retain, their present status,
totally oblivious to the fact that instead of the
"leveling'down" they dread tbe advantages by
studying the merits of a*philosophy that has for its
aim a leveling up.
Then again, the great, mass of'the producing
class, the progeny of centuries in which have existed two contending parties called by various names
but in essence lhe same, no matter whether it be
patrician or plebian, feudal- lord or vassal, master
or slave, employer pr job seller, have only.possessed
during the life of one generation the knowledge of
but littlo more than the most preliminary schooling.
AVe have wandered considerably from the immediate phase of the subject matter contained in the
first paragraph. " * -
The coal operators who are reported as in attendance at Victoria a re, there for the purpose of presenting their views on the various,items contained
in thoir proposed amendments to the Coal Mines,
Regulation Act, which were fully set forth in'the!
columns of this paper during the past year, and of!
course are mainly interested in those .provisions'
"that affect the material well being of the invest-;
ments of the different corporations by which they'.
are employed.-    The protection of human life   is.I
also to .be taken into consideration,'and'it is assuredly high time that some measure be taken to
spoil the unenviable record that British Columbia
has of the highest mortality rate among mine workers on the American continent.
Qh. the. breakfast table—in the'.sick ..room—.
'for making- "s'ajads, puddings and other desserts—for, a bite.between meals, in the lunch
r '' box,"' there*-'is\.no 'fruit equal to, the. .famous'
_. '.California " Su n k i s t" Orange. ■, Being ,tree-
,   ,. ripened, sound-pickedj'.'packed and shipped .with the
utmost skill and care, it is,the most healthful and luscious of all fruits.
Sunkist  Oranges are   thin-skinned— kist  Wrapper.* * Thousands  of  families
fiberless— seedless. -They fairly melt ia -willh.-ive none but Sunkist Oranges. After
■ the mouth.   There is so little waste in *.yot_ have tried them once ti,ey will win
servingaiideatingtliL-ratfcattiievarc truly you.   Please make the trial today   Your
the cheapest oraiise you can bar. - *   ,- x "- dealer s.lls thein.    A nd don't ioreet to
Every Sunkist Oraage comes in a Sun- save the "Sunkist" Wrappers
unkist" Lemons
e eaten Sunkist Oranges, you will
know there aro SunkUt Lemons,,
>o, arc thc finest fruit of their kind
c___l_.l-.cd, marred,.decayed, thick-
mod* or pithy.   Sunkist Lemons
contain 50 percent more juice th:.n
*   commonplace lemons, which1
makes them mosteconomi-
icul for kitchen nnd tablo
ttara 13 SunkiU-JMnK, (orLemon)   ^~^;**;^SS^US07v™™rHd!ll_!ifil
.\\ iiii-iK-iH nml st-nil tin-Hi uttMnltli 15o to        ^S!*_S_^_      r«I>r>c*l identifies
|,:iy ohiirt:.,.. inickliiit, _*u\,nn-l v,o will i-raierit    ■  >^&c^^-   tnciu
you-.wili iiut'iiuinoliout.rsvlriiiii-iiSi.iinii. otlicmitl.
Jul ili-bum end klKliyat qmillty.  HuKiiiMiviiiit WTii*,pf,rf.
tji'im.   Jf you  iloiro  mum ihiiii uno, tiwid ]2 Sunkist
M niii.,.11*, aii.l _i_,.r Mich n.l'lu.nniil noon.
In  -n.miUine, pli-ii«) -,._ncl emh -..'1i.ii tho umonnt la leai      -\_  ■$?
t.iun Ja>i <<m uiiionntH abm-o 2V,  wo   iirol*..   iiiMtuI >ioto.      Is Si -
D'oiioy onlur, rx.i_VMi order or'b»nk drnft.    Wo will ho nlml
luM'nil yon cniiii.luiu h.i of vrfliuihlo iiiiiuilum-..    H> lionnrliotli,
.-•uuM. t     nml     iiui  Hull'- Mi-.ipnorii fur iirumluiiw.'  A,lilrc>_»
10S Kins St. Ea«t, TORONTO. ONT. *X55)
ALEXANDER LAIRD, General Manager.
THE.U. M. W. OF A.
"•"pHE deliberations-of the convention - receutly
* held at" Columbus, Ohio, are of vital interest "to
the great body ofmen for'whose benefit-it exists
and not to them alone, but likewise to the workers
sion.     We freely admit that the men themselves „4        ,.„,,.-
- would be more likely, to have brains clearer for the >Xx^\'' ftnd this .growing sol
study of life's-problems if they did' not stupefy TOC.e)ye<V™ ndded impetus by tht
themselves   wi'tlfalcoholic"1 beverages, but if total Western Federation of Miners, is
abstinence were n synonym for better conditions for
everybody.how is it that many abstainers are likewise compelled to send, tlieir children out to work
at an early age     This ought to present itself   to
those critics who foolishly imagine that when they
have delivered themselves of their opiiiions'.therc
is nothing more to be said.
Because Some men spend money, for liquor nnd
their wives nnd children are sufferers, thereby does
not prove Unit all women and children suffer, nor
per contra do actualities demonstrate thnt all wives
and children of men who do not drink aro well
clothed, fed nnd educated. The percentage of
mon who gratify their own selfish desire at lhe
expense of the family is exceedingly small. There
is a large nrmy of men who, because of their un-
obtrusivcnoKN appear but littlo in the public eye.
that with their wives practise the most rigid econ.
omy actuated by a desire to provide for tlioir offspring advantages of education nnd comfort, dial;
thoy themselves have beon dep'riverl of. This is
not intended ns n pnnegyric upon husbnnds and
wives, but ns a suggestion to thoso so prone to con-
donin n flnss ber-imso of the delinquencies of a v-jry
small pnrt, thereof to give a littlo thought to the
olhor sido of the pi el uro,
•■ Wo would nsk every thinking mnn nnd wiiniuv.
no mutter what thoir station in Ijl'e mny lio lo nsk
themselves tin's question, how Ih'oy would liko lo
feed, clothe, houso ami ediionlo n family on tf-KOO
n yonr and wo sny this, williout four of oonlradio,
lion, llinl (horo nro numerous fnmilics in our midst
whoso niiiiuiil on riling*, nro fnr In-low llio figure
Wo hnvo written at somo length on Hi is subject
bill llioro nro volumes liml i-milil'lio snid nnd as v:o
.engaged in,.every other industry throughout the
.civilized world.
"'The firm stand on behalf of those members still
fighting on theindustrial fields both in Canada and
the United Statees indicates the intensity of-their
realization 'of * their motto, "In Unitjr.■ theres*," is
Strength;'-; and this'growing solidarity"'Which;has
the affiliation of the
destined-*<o develop that force which has for its object the uplift
and the betterment of humanity regardless oC creed,
(.color, or nationality.' Not only are they strong in
their determination to give every aid to those who
are in active conflict, but knowing that an injury
to one is the concern of all, realize the necessity
of a united front against any attempts that may be
mnde to impair the results already achieved.
Doubtless the resolution, carried by thc large
majority of 246 that no member of the U. M. W. of
A should hold membership in the National Civic
Federation wns resultant from" the consciousness
or sub-consciousness of those who voted for'its adoption of tho, truth of tho old saying, "Tell a man
by the company ho keeps," and the "company*'
implied by another one, "By tlieir works shjill yo
know them."   ■
The fallacy of tlio acceptance as correct of! the
sophism ,"The interests of, Labor and
'Capital nro identical" is clearly shown
by -this -incident to bo growing apace
in tho working clnss mind, so long, hold subservient
to "superior" intellect, eithor directly or through
tho medium of decoys. Whether the decoy bu
honest, or dishonest, solf-sooking or notuated by
sincere motives in nowise losons the fact tlmt lie is
wot] Por a "m is "-louder. The limoworn friend-of
lnbor blnndislinionls nlso nro losing their potency
nnd will nooessilnlo tho resort to somo moro subtle
"i'ird lime" Indies if lho sniiring of iho workers
is lo .ho (..iiiMumoiI much longer.
"lit. who would bo froo musi. himself first stri'M*
tlio blow"'is tlio con viel ion I'iihI forcing ilsolf upon
llio workers, nnd Ihnl insl end of (rusting in "Jcnd-
CAPITAL, -...* $ 10,000,000        REST, - $7,000,000
n c* ■» i
of The Canadian Bank of Commerc. will receive deposits of $i and
upwards, on which interest is allowed at current rates.    There is no.
delay in withdrawing- the whole or any portion of the deposit.'  Small,
deposits are welcomed. '  ' -.. ,"   234
Accounts may be opened in the names of two or more persons, to be
operated by any one of the number or by the survivor.. A joint account
of this kind saves expense in establishing the ownership of the money
after death, and is especially useful when a.man desires to provide for
his wife, or for others depending upon him, in the event of his death.
FERNIE   BRANCH   ., [_;  A. $.  DACK,  Manager.
To secure a*stylish up-to-date Sleigh for the kiddies.    >
Remember they ned fresh air perliaps more, than the
older folk, and what would be easier on you and
more comfy for the baby than a little while in the,,
open air with one of these easy-running warmly
uiiholstered- stylish Sleighs that:: we are offering   :
at a1 7   ' - ,,'-*, ''-''   .
Come in and look them over; you are sure to find
one that is nice enough for even YOUR BABY -
Airtights,  Coal   Burners, Coal
or Wood Burners, and,
;    'Wood Burners
Ranges and Cook Stoves .
J. Ni*  AGIMEW & CO., EJ.KO |
**>** kk'kkkkkkkk**************
'■ • - ,
Letters: To
t       The Editor |
The editor Is   not   responsible for
articles that are sont "in.
■h" llioy must, rely upon thoniHinolvOK, replacing
"indiviilunl head" by "cnlloctivi: mouthpiece,"
Famous Humorlut Strikes Serious Noto
If.    iin.,. VICW    WUH    UUflUUII
.Inrom*** K. .Irrnmc, humnrlst, ke-
turoi- iuul niitlitjr, Ims rcccully rIvimi iui
Intfirv.pw  lo (i roproHoiitntlvo of Dm
7   <-.»,,*,.   ,.'   I'M    .    ,   I , I        I. ,1.1        I ,,
   "    •",■.    ...l,^
ciihkoh hocIhI cmiillilonH In HiikIiuiiI,
RponklJiK of tho wcnlthy t-lrtHBOR In tlmt
country, lio nny»:
"LlHton lo Iholr tfllk In llm f-'luliH,
In tlio dniwln-j; rnnmn. It, Ih n lltillo
dlfforont to wlmt ono hoam nn tho
plftiform. Oh, yen, (here lhe work.hi;-
mnn Ih n follow-rltlzon—hoiih of tho
Krnplrp—hnn^it,  Inhorln-^ mon.      Hut
hcliliifl tlii* tlUHi-d ilfjorH?    Tlioy   nro't  -	
tho rrnalll . tlio rnbhlo. Thoy novor ,llbor for» w,,° Hiippnrt ln.ilf.Jntlon Hint
oiiRlit io lmvo boon nllow-ot! tho voto. rnn nn^ ,mv*? ,ho t'ffcct of llfihtonlnR
Kiiucftilou! Whnt ban It .lono for!tl,c!r ow" I>»ckr*ln.
thorn? Kpollod thorn for their plnco | "It. Ih not Knfo to permit nround you
—as HorvmiiH. Tlio HrltlHh workliiKimillions of peoplo HvlnR on tho vorito
rami," li he uvti* uiuuUuutd lu Dwix ot
.11 • '
di-nwIiiK roonih wit limit n Hiioor? CIiikh
hnn-ofl! | Miy Crid holp tlm i'U:h If
ovor Um dny Hlmultl como whon tlin
wim'Icim'h liiili- ihoiii oiio-hiiiiilrcilth purl
nn much iih limy hum Iho workliimnoii,
• •     ,,...<n.    il.tjj     Ll,n,
"I ii.. 11! .it.i.m in) hluu'u ui in Iiui* nmiii-*
Irion, mid I ,s;iy, wllimut fear of contradiction, that In no fount ry of tlm
world—not oven In HiiRHln—Ih tho Riilf
botwoon tho rich rmd tlio poor i-whlnr,*
'Ir-i-pcr, more trmnncltir** ttnin In l^iif..
huid. Ami It Ih not (lm poor tlmt
(Iui; II.
"Thoro nro Hplondld mon nnuiiiK I lio
rich—Hplondld mon mid womon, Rich
mon mid women wim, with humblo-
iiohh nud pily, ko down Into tlmt nollior
world of nil'inry givo their ||vu*.i to
holp It. itlch mnn nnd womon. wim
Rlvo nobly nf thoir wonldi nnd or tlieir
hrnln.     Itlch  men  nnd  womon  who
prlvllpRod fow, HvIiik In luxury, lo ho,
huitouhiIo'I hy u dumh iiiiihh of i]Ih-i
conl nnt nnd dOHpnlr., It Ih not Hiifo for
llio fow. II mny havo hoon mifo In
llio ilnyH hoforci Iho prliitlm. proHH, 1(,
mny hum* nuoii mucin uio diiyH wlion
no jjj!i)i roiOil t'W.ii]'nr .-■■•iU. ]J miiy
lmvo boon nnto In tho dnyn of nonl tor*.
od linmlolH. onch domlnnlod hy tho
lord in hin ciiHtlo, ll Ih not nnfo todny."
Editor, District LodRor.      • -
Sir,—As n newcomer to Fornio, it
gavo mo -somewhat' bt a shock to find
no library exist,,either as a commercial venturo, or as a municipal enterprise, Doubtless tho calamity of two
years ago may with truth bo set*forth
as a .reason for this seomlng lack of
individual or public effort. Wo at,
onco -.admtt the strength and reasonableness of this defence, but does lt
still hold? Many now communities
with only a ono-hundrodth part the
population and prestjgo of Fornio,
havo well-equipped llbrarios arid reading rooms; Indeed such nn Institution
is, by common consent admitted to bo
a nocosary ndjunct to ovory contro.
Thero would almost appear to bo a
surfolt of catering for tho nmusomont
of lho community; but given hoalthy
ontortainmont, or good dramatic art,
both aro oxcellont; dancing and okat-
Ing aro llkowlso woll provldod for and
kopt within duo bounds: both nro aids
to health, Novertholoss ono can bo
ovqr*oducatod nt, lho wrong end,   Now
I horo aro mnny modes of founding
mich an infitlutlon nn a publio library.
Onco thoro Ih n Htrongly oxproHBod
public doHlro tlm City _ nthprH might
bo Impollod lo lako (ho Inltlnllvo,   Ih
II loo much (n oxpoct. Homo of Fomlo'H
RiiocoRHful oltly.om. to romo forward
nnd donnto a hIIo, provide a building,
form Uio nimlnuH of a fund, or lo con*
IrllMilo a doiuiiloii or hookH? Ono foolH
Hint, lho mnl I or only rnqulroK lo bo
vonlllnlod In ordor In pnllnt thoir nym-
jpnthloH and Hiippori, nnd'hy honoring
j lho romnmnlty thoy will honor thein*
j hoIvoh,     I-'ftlJIng locnl  nld, thoro Ih
nlwnyH Mr. Andrew Cnrnoglo, tho unl*
voihhI provider of llbrnrloH.
Onoo oHlnhllHliod,   it   nifglil   ontdly
ho oxpnndod, nnd ultlnmtoly bocomo
We are also giving the same generous 25 per cent
DISCOUNT,OFF 6yr splendid line of Framed Pic,
tures.   Just the thing to brighten up those rooms
of,, yours at a very small expense.
Remember it costs nothing .to come*in and look
around! 7 " -
The Trites-Wood Co.
Limited  ..." ■•<•'■
Anothor gronl vlolory hnn boon won
by tho SorlnHfttH of Hwodon. In tho
third dlHtrlot or atooklmlm, lho So*
olnllHt. rnndlilntn for Pnrllnmnnt. wnn
oloctod ovor two opponent by nonrly
i!,.r*oo mnjorlty. What innkoH thiB victory of thn RoclnllHtH onpnolnlly not-
nblo Ih tho fact thnl two of tho op*
poHlng 'pnrtldfl united upon n "lnbor
oiimllilnto tn rlnud tbo Ihhuo nml dnfoat
tho Socialist, Thon, too, UiIh victory Ih
Krnllfylng In vlow of the fart that
tliniitinndn of workmen who, becauso
of n i-tIhIh which hnn been reigning In
flw*edon for Mme time, ww. In arrenrn
velih their taxon nnd ennneouently woro
uinrvHlton.   ll in not nnto for njdiHfrnnchlBcd at thin rlocflon,
<i   iri-rll..'"  IM ,,.,. , r in
..    * .   ..   \...n    »...t,l1(,,    ..    H,t,,blll.b    lt.ll.ttj,
n. publio ven din r room, n f*nllory of nvt
and n muHoum, T.nntiiron on lltorn*
(uro, itrt nnd hcIohco, otc, might bo
Instituted, nnd tho proceeds used to
fill tho hIioIvoh, olotho tho wallH,*nnd
ndnrn tho ciihoh.  And Hioho silent,'but
!.nvi.u_ ._<■«:   iniirtiinumH   MvlrtiU.   in   idi
tlmo como to be InoHtlmnblo rnctom In
olevnllng nnd Hwootonlng tho Hfo of
tho cltlzoiiH, giving iimiri food for reflection, nnd pinning boforo them a
hlghor Idon! of lifo nnd thotiRht. Man
Ih n vnnmtllo nnimni, ho HkoH vnrloty
nml In IiIh meditative lioura, when he
blonds despair nf hlmRoK with fom-
Plnlnt or (bo world, thn bln-*.rrtphy
of n man •RuronKRful in tho groat busl-
no»B of living, Ih nn a visit of nn
nngol Bent to HtrenRthcn him.
Much moro might hn said on ft themn
««*» oongonlnl, but thn foregoing miiHt
romo nenr tho llmltH of apnea which
re.'iHen nnd yoo, Mr. Kditor, ImpoKO.
D. 8.
a Shave, a Game of Pool or Billiards
or a Cup of Coffee
Drop in at Ingram's
Full Stock of Smokers' Goods Always on Hand
Happy New Year te You
May Docombor 31 at, 1911 mnrle tho cIoho of tho most proa*
poroiiB year in your hlBtory; wo firmly, bollovo it will do so in
ourn,   Mako a good start anyway, nnd go to
The 41 Market Co.
for nil yonr ror-iilromonia In MontH, FIhIi, Kggs, lluttor, Poultry,
CIiooho, OyfitorH, otc,
1   ■*"»
Hardware and Furnituro
xiisuratice, jtxeai xistate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
!! __.^.._]__.»_«i.^w..i.i_,^>^iaiy_rfj!_. ____■_
,_a,5 ,.*-___tM___u«*^,-»*^^wA^r*h's,y''rva_E**i
_k ,:       ;      ■   - " ■.,';. - - ■-„•,.'■> '."'..,--'       i, .'.-.,,■, ■ .   ■ -. ' ., "      . * ' - ' -
- "l I
*************************************** ********************t(*1f*t(t(*************)(********)(*tl*********************^
♦ COAL  CREEK  BY  174.        ♦
♦ 7 *" '♦
, Jack Thompson was taken down' to
the hospital last, week suffering from
a bad attack of jaundice.    .,   >
As the mines "were idle up here last
' Saturday owing to snow having drifted so much as to block" all the track
in spite of tlie large gang of men trying to keep, the mclear
Mark Hugall is the latest arrival
in camp this week, coming from the
Wingate Colliery,,England.
Robert Flemming arived back in
camp last ■ Sunday evening, coming
from Indiana. U. "S. A.
the government road from No. 5
mine is completely blockedMup, and
the teams that reach that far have to
take either the track or , come up
through French Camp. '
Mr. Scott is the new dry goods man
in Trites-Wood Store up here, coming
from Vancouver.
"Quite a crowd "'of Creekites braved
the storm to,go and see""A Stubborn
' Cinderella" at the Grand Theatre, but
■ are "sorry to say it did not come'up
to expectations owing to some of the
company being taken sick on' the road.
A ' grand ' supper and concert was
held- in the Presbyterian Church last
Friday evening for the benefit of the
church fund. The supper tables were
laid for six thirty, and from-then till
, eights o'clock" the .waiters • were kept
very, busy,' after whicli everything was'
cleared away and a start was. made
for the. concert. **' The Rev. H. Grant,
of Fernie, occupied the chair, and after
.thanking the large company for turning out for the benefit of the church,"
started with their long program.'Miss
■ A. Jones, "Dadda's .Little Baby Boy";
duet, T. Davey and W. Scofield, '?Lar-
board Watch". Miss" White "Katie's
Letter"; Miss 'Lottie*. Gray, cornet
solo;-duet, Miss White and .T. Davey,
"Gipsy Countess"; Mrs. J. Shanks, violin solo, special,^, encore (this was
certainly the** tit-bit of the evening);
W. R. Puckey, "Inquisitive Kiddie,"
encore .."Little Willie's Wild. Woodbines"; J.-Smith, "If those Lips Could
Only Speak";' Rqbl.. Samson, "Afton
Waters"; Mrs.* J. Shanks, sacred solo;
. W Scofield "The Villiage Blacksmith."
Mr. .James Davison was an able accompanist."     After the program Mr.
services rendered for the good of the
church, aftero which all the audience
stood and joined in singing "God Save
the King." '
' DEADWOOD^e.-'-'D.'— hv-'-Ortter •-'• to*
save the lives of their papooses two
Yankton Indian women,, caught,, in , a.
storm on the prairie Sunday night
near Roselnnd .Thlpp County, took off
their blankets and snuggled, the little
ones, then crooned them to slop, while
lliey permitted themselves to bo" frozen to death. Tho womon wero visiting on* Row Creek, and with ' thoir
hosts woro driving across ■ country
from a church whon a breakdown occurrod. Tho men wont to ..town for
help nnd returned with a roscuo party,
Ono of tho women was found dond
from the cold and tho othor died ln a
few minutes, but both babies woro
snfo, . ' .
A- benefit concert and- social will be
given under the auspices" of Michel
Local 233_ U..M. W. of A: on the 15th
of February in aid of. the sufferers of
the fearful coal mining disaster at
the Little Hulton Colliories, near Bolton, Lancashire. ' <■ ■„
The committee in charge will provide a first class program of local talent, an excellent supper, to be followed by a,dance. The proprietors of
the Lockhart Hall have generously donated the use of their' building for
the event.
Complaints are quite numerous regarding the distribution of mail, and
the general, opinion'is that the Federal Government should provide a
larger building for the convenience
both of the employees and the general
public. • The present quarters are altogether inadequate for the needs of
a community of the size of this camp.
New Michel will soon emerge from
tho John D Rockfeller oil stage to
the more up-to-date lighting system of
her nearest neighbor. A dynamo Is
to be installed at the sawmill for the
purpose., This will necessitate about
a mile-of pole line. The new lliu-
minant will be greatly appreciated by
both residents and merchants...'
The new drug store building is
now complete and it is expected will
,be available • for business" as soon as
the stock arrives' In the near future.
■ Sickness principally of n\light character, coughs, colds,"" boils, etc, is very
very prevalent; but nobody we know
of is seriously ill.
We are glad to report that Joe Swindle, who has been laid up for the past
three weeks, is now out'of the hospital
in a'convalescent state. We may mention that on our last visit we found
English, Scotch, Italian, German, Slavonian, an Ethiopian and a Punjaubi, •
. Mlie Scale,Committee.is quite busy
these days preparing, to'make a'report for next Sunday's special meeting
when it is expected there will be, a
large crowd in attendance to" hear it
and.discuss its features.
Aubrey , Esterbrook, who, has the
misfortune to lose a finger while working on the. Lockhart building, expects
to be able to follow his usual vocation
shortly.   *        J  ■ ■> ',      .  , -
In consequence of, the heavy, sndw-
for'this week. A "number of'the boys
anxious to indulge in this healthful
pastime turned in and helped shovel
the fleecy for Old Bill. , '.'
There will be a' basket social on
the' 6th of this month which it is hoped will be a big success. Come and
help the' cause along, It's a good one.
T.i.Ifv.mitaHon-be the-sincerest -form
of. flattery" as our copybooks used to
have it,.we.hope that a big chunk of
"flattering' will soon be evident every
whero by Imitating the example of
the C. P. It. staff who have kopt the
steps to the depot practically freo from
Dan McDonald resumed his usual
daily labors on Wednesday after a
short illness.
Tho members'of the nmbulnnco class
nro holding   regulnr   practices   nnd
already rich employer boasts of putting in eighteen hours a day. How do
you explain that? ' You'd think the
starving men had the most-incentive."
. "Incentive hasn't..anything to do'
with il. *It's all a question of character. The poor man is poor because
he is lazy, and the employer is rich
because he isn't lazy. That's the answer in a nutshell."
"O-oh. ' But I see other poor men
working like man for cheap board and
clothes, while' the employer has yachts
and European trips in his.'-'
"Of course.' That's due-to superior
"But I known first class carpenter
and a good tailor, who have had no
work for months, and I hear there
are lots more just like them. And
I know a talented writer '
"Yes, of course, these things will
happen. Over-production is what
does it-—no market."
"There are plenty of people who need
things."' ,-.  \  ■ '    :   "
"Certainly, but they don't earn wages
enough to buy the overstock."
"Thats too bad!- How'd it do to
raise their wages up to where they
could buy all they produce?"
"What?    ..And  leave  nothing    for
roflts?  Why, can't you see tbat would
destroy the incentive for men of ability to organize labor, into great industries?"     ,*
; "But I thought you said there wasn't
anything in that incentive idea. ■ I
confess it's got me going so my head
swims..' '     ,
"I should think it'would! I'll tell,
you what you need. You need a
course in economics. It's a waste of
time to. talk to'anybody on economics
who never made a study of the subject. You read up on it for awhile,
and.then I'll be ready to talk to you.
Let me have a look at that ledger,
please." - .
Owing to the Mines at Coal
Creek only being partially operated, and the number of Idle
men very large, all workers
are requested to stay away
from Fernie until further advised. -   D. REES,
.-** Secretary
The Lancasterian Society of Winnipeg recently held an entertainment for
the benefit of the victims of the"Little
Hulton Collieries. The sum of $53.50
was collected. * The president of the
society, Mr. F. M. Luce of 533 Logan
Avenue, is making an appeal to the
public to assist in*the work.
.Manuel, the rocontly deponed -King
of Portugal, has beon granted a pension hy tho now republic of $3,300 per
month, conditionally upon his forboar-
nnco from Interfering with politics,
Wo doubt It this will cause any of
tho frantic foes of pensions to the
workorH to bolch forth nny of thoir
Btorotypod arguments about '"destroying ambition," "oncournglng lnzln'oss,"
"pntonmllsm," etc,, nd nnusenm or por
contra glorify tho ndvantngos of thrift,
Industry nnd sobriety as tho trluno key
In fliicopHH In lifo.
wouldn gladly welcome additional recruits,
Jamos Derbyshire has returned to
his old haunts hero and is firo boss In
No. 8 'rolho.
Ily Bertha W. Howo.
"Good morning," snld tho offlco
crank,     "Nice Winter woathor.".
"Yos," (mid tho chief, "but tho
stroots will'bo all slush In a day or
two, You'd think, with all tho .talk
llioro Ib about tlie unemployed, that
tlio enow would nil bo carrlod off tlio
Btroots tho day It falls. Too lazy, I
"They toll mo It Is all a mnttor of
Incentive. Hut tho theory hnH got
mo mixed, Whon n mnn Ir starving
ho can't or docsnt work, whilo the
the expert testimony of Mr. Ashworth
in the enquiry into the causes of the
Bellevue mine disaster. ' Jt will be
remembered" that in the finding of the
jury no mention was made-of Buch a
thing as an explosion and we .corn-
merited "on this singular omission, as
it seemed tous at the time.    The jury
were very largely influenced in arriving at* tlieir' decision by "thetestlmony
of Mr Ashworth, and his theory of
the disaster does *not embrace an. explosion.     Mr. Ashworth needs no Introduction to Free Press readers. Ho
Is a recognized authority on mines
and' mining,  and  has,  so  to  speak,
specialised on the subject of mine explosions, .   He was,   on   tho ■ recommendation of Chief Inspector of Minos
Shopherd called in to aid In the Investigation of the explosion at Exton-
slqri mine a year past October.     His
conclusions on that occasion differed
considerably from thoso of Chlof Inspector Shopherd and tho other provincial   authorities.     Mr.   Shepherd
adopted tho porcusslon theory, and attributed tho primary cause of tho bx-
plOBlon to tho big cave-in on tho lovol.
Mr. Ashworth also gavo tho ciivo-ln
as a contributory factor, but lnslstod
that a blow-out on  fiery shot     In
Thomas' stall really startod tho troiiblo,'. Of course, If wo romombor correctly thero was ovidoneo of flnmo and
firo in tho  Extension disaster,  and
thero Ib nono of this'evidence In the
Bollovuo calamity,    But it is odd all
tho samo that ln this enso Mr. Ashworth should bo driven to adopt tho
porcusslon theory which'In tho caso
of Extension ho dlHcardod.    To most
minors, wo bellovo, his theory In ro-
gard to tho Dollovuo mlno will bo now
and titrnngo, nnd porhaps a littlo in*
crodlblo.    Yet it fits in with all tho
ovldonoo whloh an examination of tho
mlno brought to light.    Vast mnBHOH
of rock nro dislodged and tho rosultnnt
preBHuro upon tlio   confined   ntmop.-
phoro generates Biifflclonl hent to Hot
up monooxldo.     The vIctlmB of tlio
nccldont, It won clearly cHtnbllahod,
porlnliod from tho polfionoim offoetn
of Inlinllng tIiIh gun, and thoro nro no
HlgiiB of scorching   or   of   cxploidvo
forco, Tho oxphinnllon Ih bo thoroughly ndoqunlo to lho ovidoneo producod
that tho jury prnctlcnlly nccoptod It
In Itfl entirety and wo cnn hardly hoo
Mini (hoy could Iin do dono   anything
cIho,    Tt'Ih cortnlnly n MrniiKr*- oenir*
rr-nen altogether, nnd  hrlnga out  In
Btnrtllng fnHhlon nnotlior r\*\* tn which
tho minor Ih Hiihjoclnd which     linn
hitherto received littlo or no utlonllon
or ronopnltlon,—•Nnnnlmo Froo Prow.,
are .outside the control of human agencies. Let us take ari example;' Suppose a man is,working for $15 per
week. He has that ideal of the worker,
a steady job and for several months
he has ben pulling in his little $15 a
week. He has been in the habit of
buying butter for_25c. per lb. and he
tells his wife and his friends that 25c.
is a fair price. One Saturday be goes
down town to-do a little buying. The
merchant makes out his bill. ."Hello!
look here," the man says, "you're
charging me 30c, for that butter." *
"Can't help it/ the merchant replies
"butter has gone up this week."
"Why, that's robbery. I'to only getting the same wages that I used to.
but I must pay more for the butter.
It's robbing me."   . " -
He thinks he is right, and so do most
other people, ■ But a week or two
week's later he goes back to buy
more groceries. The grocer charges
him 20c. per lb. for butter. He thinks
that is fair. If any difference, it is
more fair than' before. But he does
not think he is robbing the grocer if
20c. is a fair price the merchant Is robbing him when he charges. 30c. for
butter. By the same* reasoning he
is robbing the grocer when he pays
only 20c ,    -
There 'are no fair prices. No main
can fix an arbitrary price arid say
that is fair because men's ideas of
fair prices are, determined by their
material Interests. ' Purchase is but
an exchange of values with money "as
counters.        . „ _     '*
When I was a little boy at-school
at the head of the page of my copy
book I had* short "'sentences that I had
to write.' I remember one of. these
was this '.'Competition is the life of
trade."; This. used to • _e as firmly
believed as any of the commandments.
English people used to think it true
because English-merchants prospered
under competition.' -   EngHsh_mer_h--
High   Class
Boarding   House
Electrically Lighted and Steam
Heated Throughout
tit* f.,,e.r-,,-.^ t —,. *.
w V, **vw, .   I l,f* * l\JI*
ants had. got * into the export trade
first, and by this advance had been
able to keep ahead of the French,
Spanish and Italian .-merchants who
were competing. -' EnglisH people saw
that they were competing and'prosper-,
Ing, arid, the more' they"-'competed the
more they prospered, apd. they naturally assumed that'.their prosperity-
was due to, the competition. ■ Here
again we see that their ideas are determined by their material Interests.
'■" To-day we know that competition Is
the denth of trade. The experience of
the last fifty* years/has taught us .that
If nothing else, arid so our merchants
and manufacturers have-stopped competing.
Let us see If this is true. Wo will
consider the distributing ond, of tho
game first... We will take a case of
two competing merchants In one district of a city. Jones.pn ono side
nnd Brown on the other., Tliat city
has so many peoplo and those people
have a certain amount* of money to
spond, consequently thoy can buy only
a cortnln nmount of goods, so If Jones
Increases his trado ho can only do It
at tho, oxponse of Brown,
Jones notices that trado Is not pro-
■greasing so he ndvortlBos n salo and
gots somo of Brown's trado. Brown
boob part of his trndo going to .Tones
bo ho cuts prlcos a little lowor still
and gets back somo of Jonon' customers. Thoy koop on cutting each
othor'H throat until profits go down
almost to tlio vanishing .point, Each
in doing moro trndo than boforo, but
has Iobb profits, and ln tlmo ono of
thono men must go to the wnll uiiIobb
thoy ngroo to keop prlcos up. In somo
places the agreement Ib dono llirough
a board of trndo Bcotlon, In others It
tnkoB tho form of a rotnll ti-adorB*
nHBOcialldn, Thoro nro othor nnmoB
for it but thoy menu tho Hamo thing,
Porhaps Brown nnd Jones form n
partnership nnd carry on tho biiBlnosB
nn Brown & Joiiob. TIiIh Ih an economical movo. Thoy cnn do tho flnmo
nmount of trndo moro cheaply tlmn
boforo. Tlioy hnvo cut out nlno-tonUiH
of thoir printing nnd advortlHlng hills.
Thoy,do nol, got ho ninny had accounts
and tlioy cnn -Mlmlunto pnrt of tliolr
Btnff. If onch mini hnd hIx mon In
tho wtnff before now lliey find (hut iiliu*
cnn do lho work of Iho coiiibln.-d
flrniH, CoiiBoquonlly (hoy flro throo
of thorn, " Thoy do not roduco houm
from 12* to ft pnr dny, hut llioy Mini
throo mon adrift lo,compoto with
I Iioho who lmvo held lliolr John.
In nriotlicr pnrt of lho cily Smith
nnd   riohliiHoii   hnvo  dono   tho   Bruno
thing.     Sow thoHo two jmrtnorHhlps
t will como torelhor nnd wo hnvo the
Knroka Dnpnrlmont Htoro or uomo oth-
I have been In nearly every town
of • any importance in Canada and I
have see Eaton's catalogues in every
one of them. I have never yet seen
a merchant in a small town who was
not sore at Eaton.' In time'"we will
see Eaton "with a branch in Calgary,
others in Edmonton, Vancouver, Halifax, Montreal, Saskatoon and all other
large places." The name may not be
Eaton, but the concern ■ will be the
same *if it lasts long enough. Finally
when It finds that there is trade that*-
can not be secured by mail order
methods small stores will be planted
in every town, village or hamlet in
Canada and one' great concern will do
all our merchants' business.   .
That is the selling end of the game.
Let us look at the manufacturing end,
A' few years ago there were a number,
of oil,companies in the field. The
Standard Oil Company, by close methods of manufacturing, energetic selling ami careful processes,, had-grown
to be the strongest of them all, so it
began to acquire other' companies.
Some It bought, some it squeezed out
of existence, and in one case at least
its officers connived at the blowing
up of a competing-plant. ■ This Is
"acquiring." If a hungry man breaks
a window and steals,a loaf of bread
or a pair of shoes, that is sealing;
but*if a company blows up a competitor it is "acquiring."
After these were acquired, tbe Standard Oil Company had a monopoly of
the oil industry.   This Ss the reason
you see no travelling salesmen going
around the* country urging merchants
to buy their oil from such and such
companies. The people must have oil
and if they get it it must come from
the Standard Oil Company, so what is
the use of wasting good money on
salesmen?-     Also a lot of other employees were sacked, office expenses
were cut down, advertising men were
discharged and the productive powers
of its employees' was increased by new
machinery and labor saving methods.
The price of oil, did not go down,
although the cost did and consequently profits increased. Now, the sight of
an idle dollar to a capitalist is what
an idle employee is to an employer, eo
they're-invested them.   But they could
riot invest these profits in oil, for the
oil industry was fully developed, so
they invested in railways.   The profits
again Increased and kept* pouring in;
now tbey invested in mines,, timber
and banks and such like.        --•   » ■
.'iOnly a short time ago Standard_011_
capitalists7 bought great timber "limits
in British Columbia.     About a year
or so ago It-bought out the mail order
house of Sears Roebuck'Company, the
largest, mercantile   establishment,  in
the .world.     Profits are pouring In and
increasing in volume all the time.
These profits must be again invested
and still further increase the stream of
profits.--,   7 .
The steel trust is another instance
of the same" thing. There used to be
a number engaged in the iron and
steel business in ' the. United States,
now there is but one. ' Morgan organized them. and! formed a gigantic
monopoly of all the iron mines, ,lake
ore-boats, ore-carrying railroads and
smelters, and manufacturing plants;
Now this great concern does every
pari of the work, from mining the
ore to spooling the barbed wire that
the farmers use.
We have a steel trust in Canada
that controls the Industry here. It
owns coal mines, iron ore mines, railways, smellers, factories for making
everything from a battleship armor-
plate to bolts and nuts.
There are dozens of other industries
equally well organized and there will
be even more in the future. " No power on earth can stop this movement,
and we do not want to stop it. We
want it to go on until every Industry
in the country is organized anS controlled by a monopoly. Then we
want them owned and controlled by
the state and not by a small group* of
dividend-grasping shareholders.— Calgary News-Telegram.  *
T. W. Davies
The Jeweler-That's All
Right on the corner
The Waldorf Hotel
First Class Accommodation for Travellers
r=~- Hot-and'Coid'Water.   '. "■-        7
Mills, Manager
Special arrangernonts for
Parties,   otc
Onlfr your OlirlHlmnn Cake emrly
Apply  for Price  List
ttrend and Cakes Rhippod on the
Local for Eantorn Camps
I am agent for
"Tbe Pride of Alberta"
A Flour of whicli ono
trial is all that is needed
to provo its worth.
Try "CREMO" a breakfast food that is a food
W. G. Warn
Go no ral Merchant
Hillcrest    -    Alta,
New Michel
& Blairmore
\j\nt night Mr, Grlhblo .c<<fur<ptl to!
rt lui'KO iiiidiunco on "Conrontratlon of
IiidiiHtry.*!    At the oiilsot of my tnll.*
In you to nlf-lit I want to iip.*-ct onr*
ol Dw mom  widely a\iroi\i\ tnllnoU-H
thut^ttio puhllo has -aver hellovcd. Wo
honr nn awful lot nowaOaya about tho
poor c-onnumer.    Our nowHpnporii toll
u« dally how wo nro rnhb-ml nn consu*
mer?.    If wo nro robbed ng coiimnn*
em then tho moro wo connumo th-J
iTio.b v,o mo rohbf-d.   It tlmt la the
cam then Iho rohbem can rob mo iih
much ju t!u:y  with.   K D\U in inn*
1 then tho peoplo who t'c.m.iirno th-u most
must br- rohlwid tho mom.   Sow It l»
• xbti Idle owning class that mutt .bo
\ -'cl-l-f-d moto thnn Anyone el*e, tor it. Is
]n fnrt that thoy consuma tlio mont.
Hut ihiu premise U not truo. Th«r«
'ft mi f.ifr nnd *.,•_. price far auyiUtutt
to-day. Price* aro fixed by tho law of
Riipply nnd domnnd nnd canno-iii-antly
or iNDU-iny."..., Mj, mM
Tlicne new ronmn-*
«»r-t»at«*r part of Xbo b\t. .nraii of Dw.
city. Now llioy hOKln to pimli out In
tho mihurliH nnd .rot Hint trndo nwny
".''.'.   *..    ....     ..*     ►»«.,*.   ..*_
Kin to ndvortl.*"*'* In tho munll towns
nnd offer to pay rnllwny faron to tlio
roNldontf) of thono towim If thoy will
como Into llio rlty to trndo.
Tlm noxt *!op In tho dovolopmor-t
romcH when thoy find thoy oan not
hrfnp; prnplo to thoir Ktore iuul tlx-y
Inntmnirnto n mnll ordor. department
nnd vond e-iinln*yiio<i nil over Dw iruun
Tlio Merelifintu' Dltdrlbullnie com-
p.'iny of WlrinliiOK ban ftono lhro\i«li
thn stjecesslve ntamoa nt dcvclopmonll
and Is now dolriK ft mull order buslnr-sn
all oxot ihu prairie province-., ThU
U Dix> u.tly I'Muit-iii '***. know of in
acniRl pracifc-ft In Canada to-day thnt
litvfl .nVtt-n this order of proRronn,
Fernie's Favorite Theatre
Moving Pictures
Come and spend an hour with us
All our films are new releases
Children 10c
Adults 15c r ,
__>_WJ^^fc**_^AaSTil^-«WW^-^ ££iiKi
We do upon our oath say
that 30 men came to their
deaths by carbon monoxide
poisoning, and 1 by a com-'
bination of carbon-, monoxide
poisoning and .fractured skull,
the said carbon* monoxide and
fractured skull being caused
by the precussion o£ air caused
by a cave of rock over chutes
numbers" 76 and 78.
The jury respectfully submit the following riders to
their verdict: *
1. That more mine inspec-'
tors be appointed.
2. That a Draeger appara-' ♦
tus station be provided ^in ♦
this district. ♦
3. That telephones be in ♦
stalled under the supervision ♦
of the Chief Inspector of ♦
Mines, were practicable, in ♦
the underground workings o£ ♦
coal mines. *, ♦
4. That a thorough inresti- •*•*>
gation be made of the means ♦
of preventing the loss of life ♦
by caves in coal mines.,, ♦
5. We consider that negli- ♦
gence is in evidence on thc ♦
part of both-.-operators and ♦
miners in the carrying out of ♦
the provisions of the Coal ♦
Mines Aet, and we would ♦
most strongly, recommend a ♦
stricter adherence to the in- ♦
tent of this act. .._.    ♦
So say we all. ♦
Note—Mr.  Lightheart agrees   ♦
♦■   ■ as  to. the cause of death   ♦
♦ by carbon    monoxide, but   ♦
♦■      does not agree as to carbon   ♦
♦ monoxide being, caused  in ,♦
♦ mines by percussion. •<►
♦ , *0>
(Continued from last week)
,,A. Xo; just my part.'! Sometimes
the .engineers shut off the compressed
air for repairs, and'I thought that had
happened this time.
-Q.   So you took up your lunch basket and started to eat your supper.
Anybody with you?
A.   One man: *. .   \
Q.   Who was he?        ,
A.. Nils Maki.
Q.   Was anybody else -with you?'
A.   No.    " .
. Q.   Did you tell your .partner to go
anything while you ,were eating your
~supper ? ———   -^">-*|
A7 T tell my partner, you had better go down the' entry to find out
wliat is the .matter' with the stopped
air. . . .       o
He  went away?
And you stayed down thero eat-
Yes.    •
How long did you eat?
About .10 minutes.
And  then did you notice
that the  ventilation
* Q.
thing? -
A.   I' noticed
Q,   And thc air was not travelling
A.   No; not at, nil,
Q.   During the tlmo that you woro
sitting thero  easing  did  you  notice
any smoke?
. A. I saw smoko nbout threo minutes, nnd nftcr that It cleared off, it
wns nil right then.
Q. The nlr was clenr aftor throo
minules, nnd quito plonsnnt for you to
oat your menl In? \ •
A.   About ten minutes.
Q.   Then you noticed that tho air
was cut off, tho circulating air?
A.   Yos.
Q. When you notlcod Hint, whnt
did you do?
A.   I put tho cover on my buclcot
nnd went up whore T wns working, nnd
took my lnmp wllh mo.
._. Q.   It  wns a Wolf lnmp you hnd,
wasn't II.?
A.   Yes.
Q.   You   tool:  tlio  lump  with  you
nnd wont to   whero tho nlr drill wnn,
up nt Iho lop?
' A.   Yos
Q, llnw many fool would thnt bo
from wlioro you woro onl Ing your slip-
por?—How   niuoli   hlghoi'?   *
A, Aboul 1 r« fool, below wns wlioro I
eat   inv  supper.
Q.   When you wore thoro you oxtim-
liioil iho place?
A.   Yoh.
Q,   What did you oxnnilno II with,
tho lump?
A.   Yoh.
Q,   Hid you find nny gas llioro?
A,   Yoh. Junt n lllllo bll; nbout. thnt
much   .Indloiitlng 1*2 Inch of kiih on
tho lrimp).
(}, Whon ynu found Hint 1-2 Inch of
gnn how fnr wnn lho fInitio of your
lump from tlio roof nf Uio mlno?
A.   1 tnnk my lump rlglil  tip Into
tlio roof.
Q.   Touching tho roof?
A,   N'n,  not   touching II, bnt  right
up ngnliiKl it,
0.   Would yon Hny II   would  bo 0
Inches  fiom   Dw  iimf?
A.   Yoh, nbout Mint.
CJ,   Would you nay ,'. Inchos?
A.   No; I would nny nbout fi Inches.
0.   You   nny  you   found  nbn.it   1-2
Inoli of gnu?
A.   Yoh.
(J. You found thnt by monnn of
tli'ft light, by llio wny Iho Unlit notod?
...       tOU,       I'.'.l  pill  UIO llgllt   jOSV, 11(111
yon coe r- llli.o fhtno, yon  ..now
0,   And  Mint Ih tlio wny you tost
for gns?
A    *W«.
Q„   Whilo ynu woro cxnmlnlng tho
plncr*. did nnyono como tip to whom
vou woro?
A.   No.
Q.   Well. JtiRt nftor you flnlshod ox*
amlnlng, did yon roo Pynno thon!
(Nolo—Mr. Cninpholl'ii roforonco
lo tlio mooting wllh tbo mnn Pynno
warn prompted by roforonco lo a
typed copy of Matnon'8 statement
mndo  previous  to tho oponlng of
,i tho enquiry.     Pynno hnd not previously boon montlonod In tlio ovl-
daw u (_[.*u*I..*,_ml in llio court.)
A.   No. I Klnrlod to romo down.
Q.   And thon you mot Pynno?
A.   Yo*;, ho romo up lift manway.
Q.   Whnt did you any to him?
A.   I p,»k blm If bo know whnt thoy
•top iho Mr for.    Il*** *»ay no.
Q.   Did yoti  mv Anything to him
nbout jfottlnur nnt?
A.  Yes; I told Pjmno we bottor ro
out of here, because ventilation stopped—no air.  *   -
Q." Where did you    go    to.   wltn
Pynno then?
A.   We start going down.
How far did you go?
Down the fifth crosscut.
Who did you meet then?
I  met • my  helper,  Nils  Maki.'
Is. he  here  now?
The   Constable:   Nil's   Maki  has
left the town.      He has probably
gone to the States. ..
Q.   In  consequence of what Maki
said to you, what did you do?
A.- All three of us started to come
out? '■
Q.   Did  you think anything'   was
wrong then?
A.   I think sometning wrong;  but
i don't know what it was.
Q.   Where did  you go then?
A.   Right into  the entry.
Q.   -What do you mean .by the entry
—to the main gangway. ■
A.   Yes.
Q.   And   when  you got there,  did
you see any men then?
A.   No.
Q.   Did you go along the entry?
A.   Yes. ■   When I come down the
entry I look up over chute.
Q.   What did you see?,
A,   The entry was clear of smoke.
No  smoke  in   entry.      We look up
chute and find  all trap doors were
open. ■ '    ,   ,
Q.   Did you notice any gas at that
time? .     ..
A.   In the entry?
Q.   No,  iri  the'-' gangway  at  that
A.   No.
Q.   No smoke or anytthlng?
A.   No.
Q. How many of these -chutes did
you pass?* " ,     •
A.   We passed 110 to 129 right to
the face. ■'
Q.   Did you,ever, go to 107?
A,*   Yes; we walk right in the face
and come back.
Q.   Did you go to the face first?
A.   Yes.
Q.   129 first?
A.   Yes.
Q.   Right up to the face first, and
then how was the air right up to the
A.   It-was clear.,,
Q.   Was  the  circulation  good?
A.   No;   no  circulation.
Q.   No circulation, but the air was
clear; no smoke?   ■
Q.   When you got to the face,' did
you  find any men there? •
A.   No; nobody found
Q.   There were three of you—you
and Pynno and Maki.   And then you
went back again?     ''
"A.   Yes.
Q.   How far did you go?
A.   Down "about  107.    * Then    we
-started^-to—smell— fire-damp; *—-
Q. You started to smell fire-damp
at No. 107? ■* '
A.   Yes; not very much.   A little.
" Q.   That is the first'that you smell-,
ed up to that time?
A.   Yes'.' ■
Q. Now, could you tell the jury
whnt it. smelled like; is It like gas in
a stove, or what?
A. It is pretty hard to tell,how lis
smell, you know.
Q.   Did you have your lamp alight
A.   Yes.
Q, Toll lhe jury what your lamp
looked like?
A. The lnmp was burning all right;
same as ever.' It didn't show any
Q. What height would-* you havo
your lnmp from tho ground. You
would hold it in your hnnd llko that?
A. . No, we hold It llko this (Indicating nbout three foot from ' tho
Q.   And lt showed no signs of gas
at that tlmo?
A.   No.
Q.   And thoro wns no nlr circulating?
A.   No,
Q,   And you could smell Ihls nftor-
dnmp, you say, and this smoko. What
did you do thon?
A.   Wo come along to 10*1.
Q.   Did you sny nnythlng to tho fellows,,! hut woro with you thon? .,
A.   No.
Q.   Did you toll thom (hat nn explosion lind occurred?
A.   Yos.
Q. Whnt did yon Hny to thom?
A, T snld: 'Po rendy.. Wo bollor pol rendy to moot, nnyllilng on tho
road," I tboughl. wo woro likely tn
fnd n mniis (lend, I toll tho boyn:
"Oot, rendy lo moot nnythlng."
Q. And you wont, oil" lo hoo whnl
you oould find.   How fnr bnck?
A.   Wo find tlio nlr inut.cu* al   li .,
bolwoon 101 nnd 105,     T dldn'l know
nt tlinl tlmo whnt pmoo it. wnH, but I
think il wan about 101.
(J.   Did you boo nny mop (horo?
A.   Nn,     I look ii round Uio motor
and  didn't   poo nnybody,
Q,   Now wiih llio gns nt that, tlmo?
A.   It.  wnw   gelling  stronger—-tho
Q. And tho mnnko, whh thoro nny
A,    Yr'H,
Q,   Wiih ll  getting Uilokor?
A.   Yoh; ....IIIiik llilr-kor.
(). How fnr dlrl you proceed?--Pld
you got  piihI  Iho motor?
A.   Yc'i-i; wo go up to nbout Oil,
Q. Ono minute, llolwron 107 nnd
1ftI. wlioro you hiiw tbo motor, how
wore thr* stoppings,Into tho cluitcH?
A,   All tho tloorii woro opon,
Q,   Did thoy Boom to bo blown nut?
A.   All opon; I don't know,
Q, How fnr did you go; In whnt.
cliiilo did you B;o?
A, Tho flint tlmo, nbout tho ond
<u  i no hwiK'Ii;  jiihi  uoijiif. mi chuto, |
() 1 "ii'ip-vo Un- nftordnmj- -vn.i
Rotting Uilokor by Ihnt tlmn?
A.   Oh,  yon;   nud   hoiiio  Rmnl.o.
Q. Did you hnvo any tronblo In
bronthliig? '
A. Yoh; wo could fool by thn*
tlmo   nlrnnrtv It  wnn r-rnttv otrnnf»
Q. l/ow woro tho lamps showing
A.   Oh, tlio lnmp wan ntlJI burning,
Q. Tho lnmp did not nhow nny*
thing whon you got to 00. Did you
noo nnythlnrj nhond of you?
A.   I saw tho lights nhond nf mo.
O.   Tho lights nf olhor mlnorn?
A.   Yoh.
Q.   Did Romo peoplo com**, to yoti?
A.   Von.
Q.   You opolco (o them, I bollov*.
A.   Yob;  wo spoko.
O- Who woro Uio mon that came
11> yon?
A.     Iko
Ytt-A llMlf
O.   Whnt did Vou learn from thom?
A   .T lonrn that wo rnnnnt gel out
Q. Whnt did you do -then?
A. I told we better go up to face;
there - was   better. air  there.
. Q. Better go back to the face Tell
us exactly what they said then?,
A. I asked them. "Where is the
other fellows?" They say, "They lying down at .84, a whole bunch of
them.   . .
Q. You fellows were feeling, sick
then?    .  ,
A. Not very sick, at that timo; but
the other fellows with us were feeling sick.
Q.   That is Heale and McGough and
the other fellow?
' A.   Yes.
Q. I understand you went back to
the motor, that is at 104?
A.   Yes,  at that time,
Q. And what did you doQwhen you
got to the motor?
A. Wo, found that there was 300
lbs.  of air  in the' motor.
Q.   What did you do with that air?
A. Those fellows that camo in
were badly knocked out, and, were using tbat air out of the pipe.
Q.   And you let them liave that?
A.   Oh, yes.   ,
Q. I think you'men ought to get
medals.,. 'After these men had had
that air, what did you do them
A. After those fellows get all "right
I said they better come and see if
we can get to those fellows at 84,
We all started, and we tried three
times to get to them, but it no good.
The afterdamp was thick and strong,
you know. We got in about 90 chute,
and that is' the farthest we got. McGough get knocked out and fall down.
I was nearly knocked out, but my partner pulled me out; he was a couple
of steps behind me.
Q.   McGough did?       -*.'     .
•   A.   No, Pynno.     McGough he fall
Q.   Who got him out?
A. I don't know exactly; but as
soon as they got me out they pulled
him out.
Q. You were overcome.by ,the afterdamp then?   '
A.   Yes.,
Q. What time would that be; have
you any idea?
A.   It is pretty hard to toll.
Q. About 8 o'clock.^ I understand.
Say about an hour nfter you had
finished your supper?
A. I don't know; wp don't: look
you know.
Q.' How long would have passed
from the time when you had. first seen
that something was wrong and started to go down with Maki to the, time
that you were" nearly knocked** out?
About an hour?
A. Don't think it was quite an hour
Close to 8-o'clock, I think.
Q. When they got you out, what
then? ' .'   . -
. A.   They took, me to the motor, to
the air.' *     «*»
A7 And-then you ,got some of, the
-.     *? _T. -      .       ft     II
A. . Yes.
Q.   And McGough too, I suppose?
A. Oh; yes. McGough, you know;
they pulled him out, .and .they all nearly got knocked tout. It took them
quite a while to pull him out, nnd
they nearly, all get knocked out. One
pulled him dul, a 1'r.tle bit and got
nearly knocked out. Then I go and
pull him out a little bit.
Q.   After you  had  all  got to the
motor, and all got a little air and recovered, what then?   '
'■ A.   Wo  put  McGough  on  the  air
and got him all right again.   *
Q. And when you got him all right,
whore did you go, to then? *
A. We thought it- no use to try
any moro.
Q.   You could .not go back?
A.   No.
Q. So the only thing to do was
to go forward?
A,   Yes.
Wlioro did you go?
Right up to  124 charging sta-
A.   Yes. ",'*'•„
, Q. But before that, during ,the
night at any time, did you have gas
forced in. on you? .  ,
A.   No;  not in 124.; "•     ■*
Q,   That  was  clear  of gas?     .   .
A.   Yes.'      * .       '
Q. * Did you know of any bratticing
being down? _ *..*."
'' A.     No.  ■'■■■:    •*.*..
Q.   Did  you  ever try; to use-.the
compressed air to keep the gas out?
A.    (None.) ,
Q. Just tell ,us your own story as
to what condition you were in when
you first saw the men * with the helmets.   ■ Were you pretty sick.-*  . ,
A. I was pretty" sick. ''Half; an
hour before then I, go and rap on the
pipe, and the afterdamp was forcing
towards us and I could hardly walk
back again; but Fgot back anyway.
That was' about 4 o'clock and we
got the air compressor. ■    •"■-■
Q. And you used the compressed
air then?     " .
A.   Yes.
Q.   Just sucked it?        '   ,
A.   Yes.'   :    ' ,,    '    '
Q.   Did you see theso rescue men?
Did they come on past you?.
A.*. Yes; I saw them coming.
Q.   What time did they take you
out, do you' know?
A.   I don't know.
Q.   Knocked out all together,   were
you? ,
A. Yes;   suppose I  tell you?,
Q.   Yes?
A. When we went into 121 we looking for canvas, you know. I sont my
partner and Pynno to the entry, to seo
if they can find any canvas. They
didn't find any canvas. They found
three planks and we stood around
there and .every once in a while we
went and rapped on the plpo to let
tbe outside people know 'we were living. Everybody around the pipe, 8
of us, all right that time. ' After a
while, in the morning,, we see the
lights coming in.
Q. Of the rescue party?
A. Yes, and-we know somebody
come. And we see two.men coming
on with Draeger helmets on/and they
take the helmets off their face and
talk to us arid tell us wo be all right,
If we stand a little longer, they going
to get us all out. The first time they
put the helmet on Fred Heale, and
another fellow stayed there with us,
you know, and another, fellow. take
Fred away, and we stay around the
Q. This was.all at 124? ' .
A. Yes. When that fellow comes
and takes *. another fellow- out,
he take my partner, Nils Maki. i waa
all right that. time, of course)-1 get
good .deal headache that time, „but I
help to put that thing on my partner
and they take.him out.. Then I begin to feel "pretty bad, and I stand
around the pipe and take that air in.
The third, time the man come,' in
there with the helmet on I saw. him
come and fall down by the pipe.
Some other fellows come-and help
him up, and that is all I know.
Q.   And the next thing you know
you were outside?
A.   The next thing I know I was at
home.    .    "   -
Questioned by Mr. Mackie:
Q.   The  smell  of  the smoke,' Mr.
Matson, could you say what ..kind of
smokeJiLjsras ?_-.,____ ' 	
A.   No. ■, -    .       '   '
,   Q.   Did it smell like steam?
A.   No;   it smell  a little bit like
Wns tho nlr ventilating (.hen?
Did you stny thoro?
Yoh;   wo stnyed* thero bocauso
wns    clear.     No    nftordamp
vi wo ntnyod llioro:111" no"° nn'1 (,own >'ou K0?
lltiHon,   .Too   Mr floiiith,
,   Q.
Q, Ynu hnd nlr to bronlho thoro, nil
right? ,
A. Yos; nnd wo opon a vnlvo, you
Q.   That Is whero tho comproHfiod
nlr Is?
A.   Yos,
Q.   Put. no nlr coming out. of It?
A.   No,
Q. Was tho'nlr olroulntlng through
lho initio? ,
A.   No,
Q. At Ihnl, llrno nono nt nil, How
long did ynu slny at Ibis pli*ifio--nt
A.   I don't know
all night, you lum
n  wlillo  wo  lnko
bnck to  nbnul  10*1  nnd   nip  on  (hoi
O.   To fry nnd lot ponpio Know''
A.   Yoh,
Q. Did lho nlr Rlny Htlll nil night,
nr did II Htnrt to mow) iiinln ihnl
A, Tlin high provnm lino, vou
mon ii?
ft. 1 monn Uio vont Ilnllnn, Wns
thorn nny llrno tlinl Uio nlr wuh ..lopped going nlong tho mnlu gnngwny,
Hint Ik. lho vonUlnilon?
A.   I didn't soo nny ventilation Htnrt
nl nil.
O,   II ntoppod nt whnt llrno?
A,   It. wns Mopped nftor " o'clock.
().   Tho onmproHHod nlr In n dlfforont thine to Uio voulllnllnii?
A,   Thnt    wiih    Hi ripped    ul. out   7
O,   When did II como on ngnln?
A,   Tbo vontllntlon In tho ontry?
Q.   Yoh?
A.   Tbnt nnl romo on'nt nil.    I «nv
no ventilation como on nt nil,
Q.    _M .mi Ujjjc '..)_'_._,!,• I3,i.* uliihl?
A,   No; tbo high proHRiiro lino from
tho plpo Htnrtod nftor 11 o'clock?
O,   The air from tho plpo started
nflor 11 o'clock.
A.   Yon,
fl       IVnn   UlftPO   *.*lv   Mm..   rlnrl«(v   it.r.
night thnt tlio nflordnmp wns forced
In on you In 124?
A. I don't know oxnetly whnt tlmo
It In, but I go ovory onco a whilo to
104 nnd rap on tlm plpo, bocnuso wo
know pooplo from tho othor Hldo working on It nnd try to got In. Wo ox*
ftor.lotl Ihnt. fit rourno, wn didn't,
boar anything, but wo know, and we
takfl tho drill nnd rnp on tho plpo,
nnd put our onr on tho pipe nnd noo
If wo cnn honr nny nnHWer.
Q. Did you over fool nftordamp
through tho nigh*.?
A. Yen, tho lit»t tim-**: nbout bnlf
nn hour boforo llm follown wllh thb
bolm-Ms on romo ;n. Thai I* the
Innl ilmo I wns up thorn nt 1(14.
Q.   Of rour.no  they  rwcuod  you
steam and something burning mixed
up      ' 'o
Q. It had a' smell like something
burning? '  *'
A.   Yes.
Q. Llko what burning?—For instance; llko burning wood, or burning
coal, or—'—
A. ■ No; when gas Is burning it gives
you something of a different smell all
together, you know.
Q. Would It smell llko* a stove,
when there is gas in the stovo?
A. Yes; a little bit like thnt. Like
somo carbon, you know.
Q. How did lt effect your throat.
Did It catch you ln the throat?
A. Yos, a little bit, nnd biff you In
tho head.
. Q.   Did it smnrt In the noso?—Did
it burn In tho noso?'
A.   Oil, yos;  lt burn iri the noso,
Not much smell?
Oh, It smell nil right. *
What wns tho worse thing, tho
biff in tho head?
A, Tho biff In the hotd, nnd right
hore (tho legs).
Q.   Ih thnt tho wny It affected you?
A.   Yes.
Q. Hut you woro strong enough to
pull bnck?
A, I pulled bnck a couple of stops,
but I don't, think I would hnvo onmo
out If my pnrlnor hadn't got hnld
of my hnnd.
Q, Tlmt Is tho way lt got on to
A.   Yoh.
0. FlrHt. of nil you could smell
somo gns?
A.   Yes.
Q, And thon you got It In tho bond
nnd lt cnught you In tho legs nnd In
Did thoy go out nt nil?
Thoy burned JubI, Uio nnmo?
Did limy burn bigger or fimnll*
lamps wltn
A, Oh, jhM nbout lho Hiimn, bo.
muHo wo Uoni tbo Innips protty low,
Q, Did you hnvoTi good light on
your lnmi'H?
A,   Protty fnlr.
0. Whon ynu gol to ohiito 81 you
Hiiid llinl you found Hie HgblH of mon
A.      No; wo didn't got tlmt fnr.
Q.   Chuto nn, wnn It?
A, Whon wo got. Into rliulo fltl wo
hiiw iho llghtM of some mon,
Q.   How mnny lights did ynu noo?
A,   I didn't count, thom.
Q. Wlioro woro tlio lights; on tlio
A,   In their hnndH.
I      *■..     'ii.l-.    HtllO   MtliftlllK   iliullK.'
A, Yo«. T wnn protty v,*oU -?loV nl
thnt. tlmo, ynu know.
Q. Wlmii you woro going nwny, you
woro going through tho main gnngwny
from IM to, flrnt 107, nnd thon 00,
nnd no forth. Did you put your lnmp
up nnd ioni for un* nt nil?
A, No: I looked at my lump, nnd It
was nil right I didn't go Into tlio
fnco nnd toHt'lt. 'I.
TIiIh wltnoHB wnn thon (juostlonod
by Mr. Wood giving hla ftrmworu In
a vory clonr, Mrnlghtforwnrd mnnnor,
Rlntlug thnt ho found tho doors In tho
chutes opon.
Uo nlno mntod tlmt ho wob putting
up'-brattice, but had to quit,because
he couldn't find any more brattice,
but that there was 300 lbs. of air pres.
sure in. the motor, •   ,      . .'   ".-  ;  '
Geo. O'Brien, of. Coal Creek,'testified to his labors' in connection with the
washing of three of the last four bodies'that were brought.out and noticing the .wounds and abrasions, and
that the hands of two were badly
burned. It was from the pockets of
one of these two that he stated from
a dozen to twenty matches were taKen
Questioned as to "whether he saw any
pipe or tobacco taken out the pockets
of any" of the men he replied—"No."
Fred Heale, in his evidence' stated
that.he was working at the, face of
120, and that there was a small percentage of gas noticeable at ,the beginning of the shift, but.it soon disappeared. Said that after supper (7.10
p.m.) he went for a pick when he
heard a noise like a rifle, shot, which
his partner, Joe Gough, said was a
"windy" shot, and the next thing he
felt* was a rush of. air,come up the
manway followed by some 'steam
which was very white. He then described- his escape with his partner.
Conversation with Mike and Pete
Gera, Noted Herman Teppo, pit
boss, and a number of others standing
around a leaking air-pipe.
• The following portion of Heale's evidence describing his meeting with
Fred Alderson is given verbatim:.
A. I heard" someone shout tliere
were lights coming, and I looked and
saw them. They were tho rescue
Q. Who were the men who came
In;  do you know?
A. Fred Alderson was.one. I don't
know the* other man. They tell me It
was  Bob Strachan. > ,
You knew Alderson did you?
Yes. '     '    ■  , .*
I suppose you .called to them.'
NTo;,some,of the other fellows
I didn't.
And what did they say to. you?
They started to go out again,
and went out 3 or 4 chutes and then
came back again.-* The two men with
the apparatus, that is. I got up to
meet them that time, and as soon ns
Alderson pulled his helmet off I knew
who he was.' He, asked me how-1
was, and.I said I was all right. He
put thc helmet on me, and I went out
with, the other mani
Q.' You didn't know what happened
to Alderson afterwards, do you?      v
A. - No.
.  Q. •-. You   put  the, helmet* on   your
A. • No; he put-Mi on.
•Q.   It was put on you, anv way?
A.   Yes. "
O.   Did you'have any-trouble,.getting out. with the helmet on?   ,
A.   No. *
Q.• .ou breathed tho air in the helmet; did you?   "
A. I* guess so. 1 walked to where
the first rescue party was almost as
good as I can to-day.
The above tells.in a very brief manner the..story of self-sacrifice terminat-
nig so tragically in the deatli of the
Hosmer-fire boss.
-Further on,his evidence,Heale men-
sence of gas to the fire boss Foster.
Cross-examination, by Mr. Mackie
failed to elicit any evidence' varying
substantially except that Heale upon
being asked replied that he had known
coal dust being used for tamping although not recently/-
Jas.;Allsopp was re called and testified regarding discovery of pipe, tobn-
cco and four matches .when attending
to the undressing and washing of three
victims.   ,
.George O'Brien, recalled, stated that
he" did not see any pipe and tobacco,
but thnt he saw matches similar to
those exhibited.
He was then subjected to a rigid
examination by Messrs. Mackie nnd
Wood. r
Alex Pynno, a Finlandor, wns exnm-
Inert through lho medium of 'Wm,
SIvhon, nctlng as Interpreter. ' He
practically corroborated other witnesses regarding noise sounding llko
a rifle shot, succeeded by n rush of
nlr and smoko.
Upon being questioned regarding tho
way ho folt, roplled "pretty sick," nnd
further oxnmlnntion wns doforrod ns
this, witness collnpsed In n faint. , -
.Tnmos Cnvdell's oxnmlnntion occupied sovornl hours, How ho wns Instructed to go with Ilovio and.make
nn oxnmlnntion of the mlno on tho
Wednosdny (Doc. 7th) preceding tho
dlsnstor. Found gns nt the top of
fll or OB, nnd 74. Told of his reporting tho snmo to John Aldorfion, pit
boss, on Thursday, Dec, 8lh. Cur-
doll's oxnmlnntion wns nol complotcd
when the hour for adjournment nrrlvod, so contlnunnc-o followed lho noxt
dny, going Into dotnlls regarding the
Mnlo of tho district -.libsoquenl. to lho
TlmnkHglvIng Day incident, Thoro
wore Hovornl oxchnngos of compliment h between Attorneys Wood mid
Mncklo during Cnrdoll's examination
ii rising out of the fuel. Hint tho former
asked why lho wll iiohh did not try
lo Hiirround Iho.body of gnu whon ho
discovered It,
After a long and gruelling cxnnilnn*
lion Cnrdoll retired nnd IiIh pnrtnor In
tho oxnmlnnllnn of Uio mlno, Angelo
Uovlo, whh thon cnllod to the Rliiiid,
nnd UiIh wIihohh gnvo HiiliHtnnlliilly n
I'oplUHon of whut IiIh pnrt nor gnvo,
fit wiih our Intention to hnvo fur*
nlHbod n vorlmllm report of tho pro*.
roodlngH, but coiiHoiiuent upon tho on-
ormoiiH proportions iiHmiinnd, wo hnvo
doomed It mlvlHiihlo In lho IiiIocohIh of
our rondor.1 to "bnll" down roiiHldor*.
nbly,  rnoroly giving Uio wnllcnt  fon*
. s   ■'.,.      "'.'DENTIST; "   \   ;    ^    *
'    '        ■'-.       .■'.'■
7 Offif-s: Johnson _ _ulkner Block.    '
Hours 9-12;. 1-6; PhoM 72
B. C.
Office Henderson Block, Fernie B.C.
1Hours' 9 to 1; 2 to 5;' 6 to 8.
Residence 21 Viotoria Ave.
.--   . „    . 7...,.,
W. R. Ross K. d
■i \     W. S. Lane
Barristers and Solicitors
Fernie, B. C.
L. P. Eckstein
. D. E. McTaggart
Cox Street
Fernie B. C.
F. C. Lawe
Alex. 1. Fisher
_ •*■
-~       ' ' .       f
'">.,",* '       *'
'  ...-'.*"., •*.*■    ■    _■ ■
'.. A. MeDougall, Mgr .
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
Send us your orders
Fernie, B. C..
Veterinary Surgeon
Calls  promptly -made,  day or night
and 'satisfaction assured
Office, Fernie Livery. Fernie, B.C.
P': O. Box   1126
Phone 882
325,  Fifth  Avenue, W.
****************** ********
Dining Room and Beds under
New Management. ' *        "
First class table board
Meals 25c, Meal Tickets $5.00
Rates $1.00 per day
R. Henderson,  Dining Room Mgr
On first class
business and residential  property.
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
f.~ Up-to-date
Call in and
see us once
Real Estate & Insurance
Cree & Moffatt
♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦**♦♦♦<-£
Fernie Dairy
delivered to all
parts of the town
-   The Hotel of Fernie
Fernie's Leading Commercial
and Tourist House ■
S. F. WALLACE, Prop. ,
Chartered, Accountant, Assignee, Llq
uldator and Trustee; auditor tc
ihe CltleB of Calgary and Fernie;
P,   O.   Box 308
Sandors & Verhnest Brothers,
Opening of His Lamp Responsible for
Eight  Deaths In Sydney Mine
8Y1).N'I_Y MINKS, 11. C—That tho
olKht mnn who woro l.llloil .Inn. ft In
No, _i colliery of tho Nova ticotfn Stool
.....i. dal C.iiiiiwiy ..((iii. in il,ulf
dcntlm hocmiHo tho deputy foromnn,
Archlo Fowl hoii oponod nnd lighted
hl« lnmp whilo thoro wns nn nocumii*
latlon of Rnn In tho mlno, Is tho find*
Ini? of tho rnron«r's 1nrv which hns
just. (.ornpl/Jtod Its InvoBll/rnlloii. Tlio
Jury nskod tlmt tho mining laws he
rtmondod, so that no deputy foromnn
should hi) nllowod to mnko an oxnmln*
ntlon of nny pnrt of a mlno unions accompanied by a man not Iohh than IS
years of ngo, who shall cairy n looked
safety lnmp, :.
^++*+.»+.»+++++4» **+
Lizard Local General Teamsters No.
141, Moots overy Frldny nlftht nt
8 p, m, Minors' union hnll. J.
Jackson, l-rcsldcnt; 12. Mnruluun,
ItocnrdluB Socrotnry. °
Bartenders' Local No. 614: Moots 2nd
nnd -Hli Sundays nt 2.H0 p.m. Socrotnry J. A. Qouplll, Waldorf Hotel.
H. H. Depew
P. O. BOX 423,
CiuJ-ilu.ic Lui_.il ixxi. <_i>i4 U. M. VV. ****<_•
Moots ?.nd nnd Itr, Thwrflflpy Mlnorn
Union hull.    I). Hoon, So.**,.
Typographical Union No, 055'   Moots
last Saturday In onch month at tbo
•■firv Sii _■"<•£*• JS.WKlJ!_tt_S*WJK*--^^
"11 nVhoum. Writ* tar MXTlit, M•.W TTt?.*<irt, Khlpplni tIv, *n\ •low
414. tww. lntor I«m4. SmI Milam to Mfcfri t-TvriHM,  1Vn*r.tiilt*ri~~~~,rlnliii,>: Itt
«•«_..!.!»■?■*•«•'. iri«r.«i<Ur_.K»i_.^*4.». rru_.fi, T*****.«wmm«.|11 .
-UwuMtUm. 0*r»ti*-«iUiLt*4lmr**'in.-,,t,ir.*UVit,**4.t\MrA*U*iU,'*i,ir*;**
flUf***r*nttim*tiiti*hiih*,tprteM.AaicntiUrn.,\>*at* tl   MUjM«»«lb,_b*
H. IMmuim-** lit*
and Transfer
Wood and Hard Coal
for Sale fl
t George Barton    Phone 78
4, _ -.•tw^.'j, otv
Locsl Fernie No, 17 8, P. of C, Moots
In Minors Union Hall evory Sunday
at 7.45 p.m. Evoryhody wolcomo. I).
Paton, Socrotnry-Tronsuror.
AnulBamatcd Society Carpenters and
Joiners:--Moot In Miner* Hall evory
altornate Thursday at 8 o'clock. A.
Ward, secretary. P. 0. 307.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners**-Local 1220. D. J, Evaun,
President; F. H. 8haw, Secretary.
IN GBR    |:
EWING    >
:; WM.    BARTON _:
'.' '■
..   Aroint   rernle   Branch    \'.
■ t Pellatt.  Ave*   North i:
•» >
S-e^'^^v&w? *■**■*
tt i^^WKW)** * s^-fl.
!»,*•■_ v-ic-a********-- .,..,__^A'^|ii^w<UpV<fciMt_'b,<__| fc:  'J((, , THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE,   B. 0, FEBRUARY 4, 1911.
page; seven
The Week's News for
V statnom sudobnom dome ,
vdbivanom cv Pondelek dna
16hl Januara , 1911, 'Pompel"
Cheilll bol dosnani ,o lu-ades
miner v_Coal-Creek-a odsu-
' deni ria 3 inesace zalaru tvidy
prace;. *
avviso ,
Nella corte "provinciale' dl
Pernio Gennaio 16, 1911,, fu
arrestato Pompel Cheilll, per
il latroniggio* dei carri' del
minatori, "a No., 5 e No. 1
Nordo. mina, Coal Creek. II
quale fu condannato a tre
mesi dl i lavoro forsato.
In the Provincial Court held
at Fernie on Monday, Jan. 16,
1911, Pompe! Cheilll was convicted of the theft of miners'
cars at No. 5 and No. 1 north
mines, Coal Creek, and sen-
, tenced to three'months' imprisonment with hard labor.
Crow's   Nest ..Pass  Coal. Co.
zien om .liun welke naar.de toover
sprookjes in,hot oude land luisterden
van dak en voldsel te voorzJen. Zend
uw "Ledger""na gelesen te hebben
aan uwe vienden en bekenjlen la'at
elk een w'eten dat Canada niet is een
land van melk en honing,     *
EEN   REDEN  WAAROM        0
Te Kort is aan de Grand Trunk Pacific
Spoorweg  Aanlcg.
Het is zeker niet aan nemelijk dat
Mr. Stewart welke nu is in de Schot-
sehe Tiooglanden' om 5,000 arbeiders
voor de G. T. P. te verhrygen een van
liun in kennis. wll stellen met het vol-
gende voorkomende in do "Edmonton
Journal," van Jan. 14. J. Wooding1,
een' ai-beider week in .dlenst was ge-
' weest der _.- T. P. kwam in Edmonton
van*' , Mellville . op _ sohdag, , voor
zyn loon.zynde 58 dollar' en kon
nijn geld niet krygen voor den
volgende vrijdag in dien tyd moest hy
zich maar' behelpen zoo goed hij kon
,wat met 40 graden beneden zero alles
behalve aangenaam genoemd mag
worden, De Man had een bewijs van
de Maatschappig dat zyhem dit geld
schuldig waren, maar kon in geen een
der hotels waar hij aanklopte onder-
'dak krijgen.. -En dit is eeii geyal dat
' niet alien staat -. maar'   herhaaldelyk
V utorok minuleho ttfzdna'zahajena
bola vColumbus, 0.,*i*o5iia konvencia
unie sluceirfch, banikov v Amerike.
Na konvencii tejto je pritomo asl
1000 delegatov, a ponevac sa budu
volit' i lilavni unidnici, oCakava sa,
ze konvencia bude jsvlaSt'.. burllvou. V
unii slucenj-ch banikov prevlada e§te
stale zplatoSnicky duch byvaleho hlav-
n*3ho predsedu Johna Alltchella,. ktory
dnes bcrie 6,000 dollarov rodncho pla-
tu co sekretar kapltalistickej "Civic
Federation " Terajgl hlavn? predseda unle slucen*ych banikov T. Lewis,
je clovek pokrokovy, a preto ma nied-
zl. zplato'cnikmi mnoho neprlatel'ov.
Jak"y iivel panuje medzi uradnikmi
unio slucen*ych banikov, vysvita na-
jlepSle z toho, ie na ich rozkaz neboia
do zasedacej siene' pripustena znama
agitatorka - Emma Goldmanova, ktora
chcela k delegatom prehovorit'. Zpra-
va predsedu T.; Lewis bola #prljata s
uspokojenim. . Pozoruhodnym bodoni
V jeho zprave je odsek; kde sa vravi,
ie unia vyplatila bepom poslednych
desaf rokov $8,089,986.16 na .stavkovg
ucely,'' skoro jeden million dollarov
kazdy rok. Tak draho pride ten kils
chleba, za ktory musi banik nielen
t'azko pracoyat', ale aj svoj zivot obe-
tovat'. Niektor-i Casopisy uverejnu-
ju zpravu, dl'a ktorej ma byt' zvolehy
za buducheho hlaveho predsedu unie
slucenych banikov JoTin P. • White z
Iowy. Je-li zprava tato pravdiva, ne-
vieme, ale v pade ze je pravdiva,-unii
nedonesie Biadnych* vyhod.—Rovnost
L'udu. ... -      •'''.'
t-——"~—L0O5EN~iN—ON i ARiO
1    TO
Weekly  Payment of Wages in Cash
Laundries  Under  Working _of
.;„    Factories Act
TORONTO,    Jan. 4.—Er zijn meer
" werkloosen in Toronto dit jaar als er
voit geweest zijn. De laaste twee \ve-
kon kom'en zlj .in van nit.de geheele
Provincie en zelfs nit het> .wqsten.
Vele van doze zijn reeds, gelieel zon-
dor middelom.en vragen    ohdcrstanft
■ aan de verschiliende liefdadigsheid
Er zijn Voorleekehen diit het dit jaar
erger zal worden als hot ooit is geweest. Samuel Arnold, President dor
vbreonigde liefdadigshoid vereenigin
gen sprak er' zijn voel nicer als vor-
. laden jaar' cn or konien steeds meer.
Als or geen ninntregelpn worden geno-
mcn' dan zal het zekcr eon vcrschrlk-
kolijko locstn.id worden. Arbeiders
Bladen Welke op de Hoogte Wlllen
Blljven, der Toestanden In Canada
worden   vcrzoclit   hlervan   kennis te
•geven aan "The District Ledge-*,"
lFeniic, B, C, Canada
.   VOOR
Do tcgonwoordigo slnppe werkzaam-
hcdon In alio lnnden Is con goedo
golegondhold oni nllon die er nnar*
wlllon lulstcron wijs to mnkon wolk
oon fichoono golegonhoid or Is opon
voor hun In hot Weston van Canada,
Maar dozo monschon mnnr al to'dlk*
wljls ondorylndon dat zlj mot do
fitoods Htygbndo prljson voor lovons
ondorhoud van don wai In do sloot
zijn govnllen. Er zyn hlor In Fornio
volo monschon mcost nl Engolscho
inljnnoi'fl nangokbmon wolko zoor vor-
wondort wnron dat or volo oudo ralj-
noi'B zander work wnron, Mon had
hun vortold dat goodo. mljnors hoog
loon kondon million on or moor work
dan nrnoldorH wnron.
Wnnneer or goon stnppon wordon
gonomon om do toovlncd van nlouwo
nrholdom to voorkoim-n dnn znl do
ovorhold   zich   ftpnodlg   gonoodsnnkt
The Bald Headed Man may
Look Wise
But tf Ho Had Been Ho Would Havo
Hair Now
You do not want a scientific treatise
on tho hnir follicle--you uro not particularly Int.-rfiKtod In thu namo af
tho (lorrnati scientist who isolated tho
l*ui_ thut l* nnld to Cttuno ljuliliieiB.
What vuu do want tu know Is how to
savo tlm Iir.tr you havo and niako^lt
otronu ana lustrous,
Nyal'-- lllruutone will do It buttor
ihuii uiiythlnK eluo.   ,
U Is not claimed that Hlnutono Is
a wondurful nclantMc socrot—but It
Im tlio concrato result of all that in
provfn In tlin solnntlfln trcnlmont of
•wn. niia (lut-ttoea hnir and nchIp.
It Im ii happy entnhtnnttnn niul vnn
will notice u iirumia improveiumtt in
Dw fcilliu/ of tho (-.alp and tlia look
of tlm heir, .
lllrsutortA loot-pnt atxa _*«mov«* All
scaly and mattor) depoilt on tlm scalp
—-iitlmiilutoH the hnir bulbM and ulve-.
new life nnrt vlitor to iho hn|r, tunlf.
Nyst'n  Utrmitone Ktvcs bark to tht
!_>*..    hful   fcChil'   'lii*.   Wlihl  U  tiM,   l.dhtl
robbed of by your n*»Kl«ot and nbuie.
It Is time to start rlRht.   Use Hlr-
It Is one 6.* tho Nyal remedies and
no hldher r»comrn«nd«tlon can be glv
They are ell good
The following is the petition of the
executive of the Trades and Labor
Congress of Canada to the,provincial
government. *
To the Hon. Richard McBride, Premier
and   Members   of   the   executive
. Council: t
Gentlemen,—We, the undersigned
members of the British Columbia executive of the1 Trades and Labor.Con-
of organized labor of this., province,
bog leave to submit for your earnest
consideration and favorable action;' the
following matters' affecting the wel-.
fare of the wage earners of British
1. A weekly payment, of wages In
cash and where an employee leaves
employment or is discharged, wages
then duo io be paid within 24 hours,
2. ' Every laundry open to public
patronage to be brought under the
working of the factories act.
3. Abolition of property qualifications for holding public office and of
election'deposit and revonuo tax,
•1,' Pensioning of all workers permanently., disabled In the Industries of
the province.
ii,- Tho careful selection of coroner's jurymen.
G, Tho eight hour law on all govornmont construction work.
7, A legal work dny of,olght hours
for all men omployod In and around
smeltors, stamp mills, concentrators
nnd rock crushers operating In tho
" S,   Tho extension of tho froo text
hook principle In all public schools.
,9, Rigid enforcement of the Factory Inspection Act by the appointment of moro Inspectors.
10. Inspectors of mines to bo
chosen by the minors, -
11. No nsslstniico to bo glvon to
12. Tho govornment ownorshlp of
Tranqulllo, Hanltorlum and oporato
samo as froo Institution,
13. Sopnrata schools for orlontnlH,
11.   Tho Rlrlct enforcement of boiler Inspection,
15. Amendment to tho Municipal
Act by inal'ing tho oxiuniniition nnd
roglslration of plumbers compulsory,
10. Tho appointment of nssl-ftnnt
Inspoclori. to rigidly enforco tlio icru-
Jntln.; oi-ohs arm distanco*"*, tmnavift of
wli'os, liiHp-sr-Mnn of poles, otc. lho Insl all.i*.lon of a tolophono sMi'l fya
torn In nil uiidcM'-iXMind worklngi**, n»vl
lho ..'omnlHory drilling nt lo'iHt. I'.u'o
a mon Mi nf o\ow (-mplayw in -ho uio
tlirxl of nrtlflclnl rr-Hplrnllnn or i'ohiih-
citation from oloclrlo hIiocUs hy com.
pniilo.t '.ni-nuhir oloolrlc linnr ko*
vi'i'iimont owuoi'Khlp of conl iuIiioh
Uilophnn-'H nml nil publio utilillos,
the aggregate wage's : of such men
were seriously reduced when the act
came into'force. But the action of the
Lancashire coal * owners in agreeing
not to reduce the wages.of the workmen in accordance ..with the, reduction
of hours had a quieting effect through
out'the country.
It is not yet possible to estimate accurately "the effects of the act on output, wages and prices; but* employers
hope the ultimate effect will be an
impetus to machine cutting of coal;
acceleration in underground transport
of coal:and better order and discipline in getting the' workmen in and
out of the mine.     .    ,. ".
Accidents and Fatalities
During 1909 the number of persons
employed at mines and "quarries in
the United ingdom w^s 1,126,372, and
increase di 23,147 over the previous
year. Of mine employes 835,116
worked underground, and 207,319, including '6*168 women and girls,'above
ground. ■ ' . * .
There were 1,303 separate fatal accidents in and about mines and quarries in 1909, causing the-loss of 1,577
lives, nn increase of 140 fatalities as
compared with 1908. Of these acci-
dentsl,220, with a loss of 1,493 lives,
happened at mines, and S3 with a loss
of 81 lives, at quarries. The death
rate from accidents per 1,000 persons
at all,, mines for 1909 was: Underground 1,621, surface and inderground
1,432, against 1,467 and 1,322, respectively, for 1908. ,,   .
Reckoning from 1851"to. 1905, each
quinquennial period shows a steady
decrease in tbe death rate, that for
the five years ended 1905 being 1,287,
as compared with 4,301 for the-five
years ended 1S55; the average for the
four years ended 1909 was 1,342. The
death rate per. million tons of minerals raised in 1909 was 5.32 as compared with 19 in 1851.
No fewer that 159,596 workers
were injured, by accidents disabling
them for more than seven days. This
is* an increase of 11,529 over the corresponding figure of 1908.
Electricity Increasing Accidents
A recent.development in mining
that seems to have added to the risk
of accidents is the increased 'use of
electricity for transmitting power. At
the end of-the year 1909 there were
iri use. 777 electrically driven .coal
cutting machines, . representing not
less than 20,000 horsepower in the
aggregate. During 1909, 15 fatal accidents, causing 23 deaths, were due
to the use of electricity. The disaster
at the West Stanley colliery, whereby
168 persons lost their lives, was also
attributed to this agency.
Further developments have taken
place in respect to rescue work in
mines. Several new stations, organ-,
ized by poal owners for the training'
of miners in rescue work, with
breathing apparatus, have ' reached
completion,-and theerection of others
is con_templated.____-_.S__^em____tY.pe_s of.
breathing apparatus are in use at the
rescue stations, but it has not yet been
finally determined which is the most
efficient. * * -
(By Joseph, Medill Patterson)
President . Roosevelt appointed.
Duluth Capitalists Buy Shares of Coal
Securities Ltd.—Plan large
500,000 MINER8 NOW
British Coal Operators Submit—Elec.
trlcnl Cutting Machines Cause
•n tt
Nyal Drugflit.
Ask your
He recommends It,
For Sale and Ouarantood by
Oat for each evirydiy aHnual
LONDON, Jim. 22,—Hn   n   recently
,n.-.__n..u._  ivlillil Lit .ill! dllct HlBjiOCtOr
nf minor, for D\o T'nltrd K'Ji'.iH*__.,
covorlnr? iho yonr 1900, connldornblo
spneo Ih devoted to tho operation of
tho HlKlit Hour Acl, of 1908, with the
exception of the crmntlos of North*
umborlnnd mm! Durham, whorcln It
vvfciii. uno ftije-ft on .-iiiriuiiry 3, IJH0.
It In estimated that In coimcquonco
of the operation of tho act In all the
dlstrlctfl, oxceptlnj; Northumberland
and Durham, tho hours of r.00,000 tin-
doruround workers hnvo hoon roduectl
by nn nRKrcgnto of 2.290,000 por week,
and that the workln*.; tlmn ot r>G<>
othor work peoplo In tlio conl mlnlnjr
tndtieitry has been redueud Uy G.400
houra per. woolc. Tho reduction hai
been jrreateit. In iWaiblre and South
Wales. In Laneaihiro tho coal get*
tern rarely worked overtime, but. tbe
ropalrera wero In tbe habit of work-
In* a quarter dan and In somo eaten
lulf a. day, ovbrtlmo *very time they
went below round, and conteqaently
NELSON,—Among the most important transactions of recent' date
In the Crow 's Nest coal,fields is tho
conclusion of negotiations whereby
Duluth capitalists heavily interested in
tho famous Mesaba Iron Range, have
acquired at'pnr a. large black of the
treasury shares of* Coal Securities,
Limited. A prollniiifary cnsh payment
of $30,000 has been mado; and further
payments, together with tho plan of
development and equipment contemplated and rendered practicable as
the outcomo of- this doal, will ultimately call for nn Investment of approximately $1,000,000.
Tho immodlnto result of tho transaction Is that the future of the com-,
pany for tho next two or throo years
at least Is fully tal.cn caro of, Including tho development work along
lines nlready in effect and now to be
undertaken on a much moro comprehensive scnlo. Embraced In tlio donl
1 ntho transfer to tho Minnesota lntor-
ofttB of a largo block of tho porsonal
sharo holdings of O. A, D. Jackson
and J. H, Parmer, of Frank, Alborta,
The Coal Securities proportlos embrace sovon groups of coal location
cpntr-rliifi* on tho snutli fork nf the
Old Man Rivor in Southern Alborta.
In an a'r lino tho proporty commences
four miles south of tho main lino of
tho Cnnndlnn Pnclflc Rnllway's Crow's
Nost. rnllwny, Tlio construction of n
rnllrond on the south fork, Jor which
sovornl chnrtors havo boon secured
and which will dnuhlloBs tako slinpo In
tlio form of net Ivo constriwt'on this
yenr, will n'/ford trnnspnitiitlnii for
nach of tho KroupB of locutions, Tho
conl scums on tho property nro tho
contInuatlon of thoso now producln-**;
extensively on tho railroad frontn^o.
A 1arno numbor of sonms rross tho
proporty rniiBhiP. from four to twenty-
one feet In thickness. It Is estlmntod
that tho coal conlont nf tho property
URtrroBntos lho enormous totnl of 350,
000,000 tons. Tho product Is high*
trrndo bituminous nnd tlin conditions
for tho economical oxtrnctlon of sovo-
rnl thousnnd tons daily nro oxcoptlon-
nllv favornblo
I    NoRotlntlons aro undor wny for tho
Mixi ol Um UruiiHo .Mountain and I .it-
country life commission'to find'out
what was the matter with the farmers.
The main matter with a third of them
—but the commission did .not report
this—is that, they are tenants. For
the tenant farmer who does'* all the
work pays the 'first fruits of his labor
to the-landlord, who does little or
none.   -
Paying the rent means no telephone,
probably no hay loader, no exhibit at
the country fair; it means that tho
wife's best dress, the daughter's best
hat, and the paint on the barn must
last longer'and grow, shabbier; and
that the boy must go without his air-
It often and often means the woman
in the fields—it being only a comfortable superstition that ono must go to
Europe for that unpleasant vision. It
means untidy home grounds, few or no
flowers, mongrel stock, hiring out to
rich neighbors; too much'''reliance on
the farmers' almanac and the dark of
the moon, too little on the experiment
station bulletins and rock phosphate.
It means less reading: and fewer trips
to the city, the caucus and the lodge,
and more "eat-work-sleep."
In 1900    2,143,316    families    hired
farms, so 10,000,000 eprsons depended
on tenant farming for a living.   The
percentage of such persons has been
growing during two decades, 'as follows: .
Percentage of farms operated by—:,
Owners        Cash ten.     Share Ten.
1900...64.7   "1900..J13.1      1900'..22.2
1890.. 171.6     1890... 10.0     1890..18.4
1880...74.5     ,1880... S.O    ,1880.. 17.5
(Twelftli U. S. Census, Vol. V., p.
lxxvii.)    ,
Landlords,Usually Retired Farmers
"Owners."  include   "owners"   "part
owners," "owners and  tenants," ana
"managers."      (Twelfth Census, Vol.
V.,  p.  lxvii.)      The  same term  also
includes  the holders  of     mortgaged
* To be sure, our tenants aren't like
the English ones; ours don't duck'off
their hats and pull tlieir forelocks
when a beefy gentleman canters by on
a fiit cob. Our landlord is usually a
retired farmer, or the .widow of one,
who1 worked the land himself as long
as., his strength lasted.
And if you don't pay them the rent,
what would you*do with the old land*-
lords—send them to the poor-house?
For-in most cases,, they have nothins*;
else but their rent to live on. E'ghty
per cent of all farm landlords own but
ono farm each.   ' (Twelfth Census, Vol
JV-.-ipage-lxxv-iii.-).,—■——: ^—r
,Half a dozen people to whom I
showed this table immediately commented, "Oh. that's on account of the
niggers in the south/' Which is only
partly true. In the north central stales
which are, farmed- -99,2 per cent by
white and 0.8 per cent by^blacks, tho
same tendency, is clear: '
North central states—Percentage of
farms * operated  by-
Owners.   Cash Ten.   Share Ten.
1900.... 72.1 9.5 *   1S.4
1890 ,   .76.6 "/.; 15.7
1880....79.5 5.2 L...3
. These rented farms pay old ago pensions to the retired farmer and his retired wife, and unless you mean to
scrap them, you must pay them old
age pensions. All the same, the rented farm is an unscientific .way to do it.
.. * .. .Cost on the Underpaid  ,.
In tho first placo it puts the entire
cost of tho pensions on ton million
people who aro overworked and underpaid, anyway, Nono of this burden Is
shared by the few hundred thousand
who nre underworked and overpaid,
In the socoiid-^iliico It pensions only
thoso who were lucky enough or   sn-
gnolous enough to own farms.
. In tho third placo it exhausts tho
In tho fourth placo, when tho old
farmer dlos, It becomes n young ago
pension for his son who, Instead of going back to work tho land, Is not unapt to put on a derby lint and go Into
tho llvory businoss with pool and politics ns a sldo lino,
From thoso four soparato aspects It
would soom wiser to got tho old ago
ponslcn fund for retired farmors somewhere olso, and nlso, as a mattor of
equity, lo contomplnto tho pensioning
of tho retired tonnnt ns woll ns tho ro-
tlrod fnrmor. Tlioy linvo both dono
their work In tho world,
1 hnvo snld thnt Iho tonnnt exhausts
llio lnnd, Nonrly everybody who
oiiRht to know said so first.. Tcncliers
In tho nKi'lpiillurnl coIIorob, fnrm Journals, threshing mnclilno men, 1ioi-ho
doctorH, and the boy who gotn wquaro
for a licking by yollhiR, "Yah, yer
fntlier's a rnntor!" nil nuroo on that
ing this: ,"A_ in, the case of most
other cereals, cash tenants repcrt the
highest yield per acre for oats.) The
reason for this is not evident on its
face. It is a phenomenon shown for
most crops in nearly all of the geographical divisions. The causes are
well worthy of more investigation than
the census office has been able to
- It, is hardly possible that,, nativity
has anything to do with this phenomenon, for though Europeans are distinctly better farmers than Americans
they must be counted on the side of
owners. Nor does the size of farms
seem to have anything to do with the
matter. These facts are shown by
the following tables:'
Average production per bushels, per
acre, year 1902*.
•   Wheat.
United   States    ..14.5
Germany    :...3l.9" '
England    31.9
("Agriculture Economics," Professor
Henry C. Taylor.)    "
Percentage of whites   owning   and
renting farms:
Owners. Renters
Native  born    68.2       31.8
Foreign born  S1.2       18.8..
(Twelfth Census, Vol. II.. p. 207)
Average number of acres farmed by
whites: ,,_,
Owners    ' 137.7
Cash Tenants ' 143.4
I JL JL _&__# _____ JL
* * , ^   "
|   Us.pay money to white labor
*********************************** ****** kk **********
(Twelfth Census, Vol. V.)
What Seems Logical. Explanation
On the whole I am inclined to be-
litve  that  the following  is  the  ex-
plantation.      The tenant in spile of
having  poor tools  and' poorer land,
works enough harder and causes his
family to work' enough harder than
the owner to make up for the Inferiority of his tools and-his land.     Direct
proof of this theory can not be offered
from books, but strong' indirect proof
is provided by the followingt tables,
which shows the percentage* of persons owning and hiring farm homes.
(Twelfth Census, Vol   II., p. 211).
Under 25 years 32.6
25-34  ....' .:-....49.8
35-44   64
45--5-1  ...' 72.3
55 yrs. and over 82.2
Says Professor H. C. Taylor of tbe
University of Wisconsin: "These figures indicate a constant movement
from tenancy to land ownership. .7 .
But from generation to generation
a smaller percentage of ..farmers are
able to make this transition. Notice
in the above table that of occupiers of
farm homes who were less than 25
years of age, a smaller' percentage
were shown in 1900 than in 1890.
This is true in every period of the age
table except one, the reverse being
true for the period from 35 to 44.
This suggests that the decline in land
ownership is due tb the inability, or
disinclination, of the succeeding, generation to acquire land, ownership so
Do you save?
A timo will come when your financial resources will be strained to meet
some unexpected, demand Will you
have to suffer tho consequences, or
will you be in a position to turn to
your bank account' for aid?
Deposit your savings In the. Bank of
Hamilton now, and when tho day of
, J. R.
comes   you   will   be   pre-
LAWRY, Agent
27 7
' 70.7
81.4 .
"generally^as theiF'pre'decessors",     '
The tenants are the young fellows.
They can -work harder than the middle
aged men—and it.is natural to suppose that-they do, with the rent to
' Not that hard work is bad for a
young man unless a succession of
overdoses is, taken. But the young
farmer has done his' fair share when
he,has wrung a living for himself-and
his family from the soil and settled
with, the tax collector and chipped iri
his offertory to help the railway meet
tho interest on its bonds' and maybe
to declare profits on its water. , To
ask him' on the top of that, to pny an old
ngo pensions lo some retired farmer or
a young age pension, to his heirs, is
heaping the work bn him a littlo too
thick. So that ho becomes an agricultural implement and bis wife a
drudge—and his children join tho drift
to the cities.
Tho following figures mny holp to
explain this drift to the cities:
Average valuo per farm of all build- '■
Ing (white farmers only): j
Owners $7-M
Cash   tonants     021
Share tenants    ',... -173
.... (Twelfth Census, Vol. V.)
"All buildings" 'Includes tho houso,
tho bnrn, tho sheds, tho comcrlb and
tho chicken-coop.
Rather startling nvorngo figures In
vlow of tho rosy tnlos of farmors riding nround In their automobiles!
Now that our wost Is flllod up nnd
Cnnndn Is filling up so rnpldlv: tho
porcontngo of rented ncros and tho
profit from renting acros mny nllko
bo expected to lncronso. with results
possibly that have been oxcollod
neither In Groat llrltnln nnr In Ire*,
lnnd. nor In modorn Italy, nor In an-
clout Uomo.—Tho Spokesman Itovlow,
Spokuno, Wash.
A Bank is at thc service of the public to
afford a safe repository for money ancl to
provide facilities for distributing and collecting funds. Do not hesitate to consult
the Home Bank on any matter touching'
your business or your investments.
JOHN ADAIR, Manager. Fernie
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
In the Pass can be
We have the best money
can buy of Deef, Pork, Mut.
ton, Venl, Poultry, Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Hams
and Bacon" Lard, Sausager*-.
Wclners and Sauer Kraut.
Ferhie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co., Ltd.
. Bottled Goods a Specialty
»0«BE**©fl» «&«N_B«B>C_
60  YEARS"
The folIowliiK Is nn extract from tho
ndvorllsomont of a firm o(, chomlsts
ndvoi-nthiK tho use of n hnir dyo which
thoy nro nnxious to sell, thut nppniirr-il
irnppntlv In u nin-.ii7.lm_.' A largo mil-
Ro I look It. ror Krnntcd—and ; rond rocontly dlschnrKt'd DC mon, nil!
I do yot; hul It Is hnrd to prove |t,'(,f thr-m over 10 yi-ars of iiko. It wiih
nil the snmo. by flRiiroB. .or this'understood tlmt mny hulr and the apis whnt tho mi) mm says respect Ihr tho [ pournnco of nno wns the only ronsons
nvoMRO yield por nr-ro for wlillo farm i for lliolr <1IhiiiIhhii1. This plii'*-<H u pro*
ownors nnd tnnniKH In I8.il) (tlio only i mlum upon youth,
year for which statistic., woro Rlvon): ■ Despite, such brutal ovidoneo of tho
Corn. Whont, Onts Hay I "rnn'* coiiHldornUon thnt Is ..lv«.ii lo
•j-,,,' <ponH I whnt br-roni''** of thono roU'Riit'oriH io
Calgary Cattle Co,
Trade Marks
CoevnioHTo Ac.
Phone 66
•ont ttra. Dldml ni-mir-r for •ncuririf nupnu.
I'at enn ukon thrnuub Munn i. Co. icoelVi
tyttidtwUit, -wltliuutcli'tn-o, In the
Scientific American.
A htiKlMHnel'r llluntrniiHlwinikly. r-aruwt ctf-
mlmlnu ov hiit nMi-mlfni J'iui**.iiI,   ,|i*nn« for
•:«i't_-i-_. I U& • roif, [KutAtiw pro'-niil.   Hold by
ll nuwauU-Alor*.
12.8 31.G U'
12,0 ,'ll,l U
15.4 .   31.8 1.2
•TV,.,.,,.,    ^».,    *.». >.
The tnblo tioomH, If anything, to din-
provo tho ovorywhoro takon for Krnnt
* nu.
Owners ...28.n
Cnnli Ion ..31.2
fcjhnro  toii.2fl.l
He South Fork grouvs of locations j ed theory that tonants nin down tho
which nro two ot the «ovon groups lond, for tho rtntf-d land produces
comprlnln*. Conl BocurltloB, Tho pro- more. Vol tho abandonment of tho
spcctlvo    purchasers   nro    Interosts I entire modorn sclonoo of   nurlculluro,
f-.lne.ilv    tiXt.r\tlf1oA    ii'IM**    ♦».*■;>       7';;."._ •• • '
fitatos Corporation, und tho advonl of
this great Institution In tho Crow's
N'est I'ass coal fields would Indeed
mnrk tho commencement of a epoch
of activity.
At a recent meeting of Canadian
Pacific Hallway director* In Montreal
appropriations woro provldod for tho
o*rly construction or the Waldo
brtncln. According to the pr*s«it
plans work will be commenc-M In lh*
early spring and rushed through lo
completion •« rapidly a* possible.
*T»'...:..   .4   ,...._.'.   .u..«<^   *».._ _>ife_.   x^>   .i._ii,.i
better undor care than under nbuso
as to mnko It pay, In the long run, to
undordraln, to apply manure, ground
limestone, und rock phosphates, and
sometimes plow under Instead of to
cut for hay a. heavy clover crop. All
that In i» vormnnnnt. Invmttnent which
pays ln tho long run—but not In the
Bhort run. And tho l_»nnnf who, for
all be knows, ha* only a abort run
ahead ot him, dares not make long
form InvcDtmcntii. Even If be stays,
bis rent It apt to bo rat«»d in consequence of any Improvement
tt was—It li—a mighty bard gut to
orttrlr, thnt. fttot of tho greater productiveness of rented Und. The census comment Is not IlIuminMlng1, ho
tlm scrnp hcnp wo ni.111 lmvo thono
who prnto ahniil tho Ini oro.if k hot ween
"Lalior nnd Cnpltnl" bolng Idoiitlonl,
...wi   ■nnMrlrti'l"!'..   rn   |o   ■Mi!'*   ._r.fli-pnl.trt
among Hto officers of tho various railroad or*.iiiil/.inliut*'. Many of the rank
and file will cxpre.ii*. Hympatliy for
tholi,* unfortunate follow worker-***, hut
to lnko nny notlvo stops to dlcHovor
tho rnnnnns thnt mich thlni.H nrn only
,...,.*   i ...,...,„i ..-. it., t. -
. •-*.■    ...    ..     .     	
which thoy live Is not to ho oxpoclcd,
ns a rulo thoy thomaches nro "markod down" for slnugliter In Capitalism's
List of Locals District 18
Corroded by District Swot nry "I* •*•■ November II". 1910*
Haw or Ohio, Pitt or ToUtix., I..
1.1'CM OOVNTT. ("•
ynn'i-C J. ''iK-rcv m»k.» «.i!_ i..*t t,r 1» m's.f
piruirr ol tlw n.m oi v. J. Ciumv a (*>'*. -'...tut
buMitM in tin (.Itr o> Totrto, County »nrj hum
ifi.rm.lil, nnr! tint MUt Urn will rnv t'--» »'im '>'
ONk lltlMiHMi iHlM.AlUt tnr nrh ind rvrry
turn til rn ti, nit ih*i aumuL Ot cutrn tir tht it*' nt
llil-fl C4T4IKK CCM,
MASK J. rw*SI"V.
Mora ta Vt"r* tt* tcA nutwr;tn _ ta rc._ jin-vr.i*,
thi* lis i*r at IMnmbtr, A. U. tin.
A. W. nl.M**i"'V
HiriAn fintc.
■I «»*t.}
I —r^-~  '
Kill i CturrH Cut* M ulm tntrmitlr »*-<< I'M
tltrrrttr nr*'"1 ""* iK-wif »tl,t mitwin tiiff.ii*»« ft ttm
mut_.   _m_4 lot l/»iln»wim lmt.
tf. j. C111.SI.V a at., tan*, o,
OM4 t"t »H ttranttt.. It*.
Tike H»'l« Vtinlly I'll... tur fi<.illp«ll..n.
... 1
ai. 14
llnnlilii'iul  ,,
Den vor Creelt
lUntrmnye.   .
F. Wlif-iil'-y, llimklioad Altn,
W. Watrai.  I|**nv«*r l'r(;<*k, vin  I'lnchi-r.
Ittnwr Titv-nliull   lMl'lt'-mcir***.  Mli'-rtn.
Tliiimns (Iregtiry. nurmls. Altn.
Cnnmoro  .1. Nell, Canmore. Alfa.
Colomnn .
t nnliil .<
Diamond City
Kdmonton ..
t • * • • f • 1
v\'. (Jrnlinm, Coleman, Altn.
f).  M.  Davli-s,  Ciirliondnlt!.  Coleman, Alta.
)_. hufk.ns, t'niiiilt. Aim.
It. .lones. Corbin. Ij, C.
Chnrlos Orbnn. Diamond City,   Letbrldge.
M. Donlc, 131 Lome stroot, Norwood, Kdmonton.
I). Itees, Fernio. II, C.
Frnnk  D. Nicol, Frnnk, Altn.
Hosmer   3. Ayie. llosmt-r. II. C.
IIIHrrcst   ".. .t, tm. .lones. lllllcrrM, Altn.
Li'lbbrlilKO   L.    Moon*,    T.O.    Hot    113,   Loth bridge.
l.illo   \V. I_. Kvans. Mile. Frank. Alta.
Maple Leaf .... M. dilday.  Maplo  I*af,  Bellevue. Altft.
Michel   M. Ilurrell. Michel. H. C.
Passburg    Jar.. Davis, Passburg. Alberta,
Royal Collieries. Jameti MrKinley, (loyal Colliery, r^tbbrldge. Alta.
Txtbiit  W.UUin llu«._.ttU, ThU-r, AlU.
Taber     B. flrown, Taber. AUa.
Monarch  Mine,   .   J. C. Hughes, Taber. Alberta. .jr.
January, 1911—Have'you cashed, in?
Are'you still on the water wagon?
Are you!' -        * * 7    .';•>.-'
Don't forget the British Army Man-
,. oeuvers at the .Grand Theatre to-night
and to-morrow. . '.-'".'"'.
. We wish to tender our sincereat
thanks to the gentleman who broke
the trail for us on Wednesday morning.        " ;" '-•, 7 .'
Owing to the mildness: of the weather bathing, mixed and otherwise,',baa
not been very noticeable ia the Blk
this year,     .*     '*', y   y'.--
U-"» "Moore, of Vancouver, ia :m to***
fo* a visit p.ntl.i-> stopping at the W?l-
dorf. 'Same old smile, same old gait,
same old face, same old place.
The celebrated Allen Players who
are so popular with Fernie theatregoers will play an engagement at the
Grand Theatre 23rd, 24th. and 25th
* ebruary.
Will the gentleman who,found the
$10 bill last week'please forward same
to the Ledger, as we know of, several
individuals who ave anxiously want-
,ing same. *->
S. D. Wark, supt. of tho Passburg'Coal Minos, formerly on the staff
of the Crows Xest Pass Coal Company,
was in town on Thursday renewing old
John Murray, of West Fornie, wishes
to publicly express his thanks to those
friends who showed deeds of kindness
and their sympathy for him in his recent bereavement.
Mr. H. Wilmer, of the accounting department of P. Burns & Co., left
Thursday to take a. well-earned vacation, visiting various parts of tho U.S.,
and may make a trip into Mexico bo-
fore he returns.
The members of the Baptist Church
are to be congratulated on tho first
appearance of a monthly publication
which, under the able editorial pen of.
Dr. Wriglesworth,' should carry considerable weight in all matters of importance affecting their welfare. The
Doctor tips the beam at 230 and .....
The recent fall of snow has now
provided good sleigh roads for teams.
While the snow has slightly disarranged ■ the train and mail service,
the railway and postal - authorities
. quite freely express the opinion that
their respective departments will be in
perfect working order before tbe next
"fall." _       •
With reference to a query sent by
a. correspondentas to, when the snow
plow ordered .by the corporation. before Christmas is' likely to arrive, we
have no information on this subject,
and further we are unable to satisfy
his curiosity as-to whether it is convertible into a street sprinkler or an
automobile.  - *-.
. Among the New- Michelites whose
-===iace8*r-were=seen=at= the" Gran d^Theatre"*
on Wednesday we noted Alex..McCool,
Robert Moore, "Doctor" Kennedy,' J.
F. Armstrong, Maurice Barrell, —
Smith,-Ted Armstrong, and as transportation facilities were snowed under
they spent the day in Fornie renewing
old acquaintances.
,   Have the Orangemen really got tho
Isn't the Irish split a case of "half
aad half"?
,   Was Earl Minto given the Garter
for hia "stocking"?
•Are they called "peers" becauso
they prop up th« throaa?   7
Does the production of "All Change
Here", at ths Alhambra mean that it's
our money "they waat? •'     '
'True genius thrives best undor adverse conditions," says Dr. Wood Hutchison. This is tho sort of thing
that keeps many a wretched scribbler from earning a decent livelihood
weighing iip sugar.'
W. T. Stead says he has no faith
in judges. He. should let bygones be
The Lancet says that plum pudding is
"a complete food in itself.' It certainly leaves nothing to be desired.
"It is fashionable to bo vulgar nowadays," says the Gentlewoman. No,
wonder fashionable people are so common. . -.,
"Are. iElections Bad for Health'?"
says a morning paper. We understand that the - defeated .candidates
feel very sick.
The Leeds polico aro said to be tho
best-dressed In tho country. Leeds,
leads, in fact.
"Island sold by auction," wo read.
We should imagine it rather a difficult thing to knock down!
* "Meals'on the stage have died out,"
says the Daily Dispatch. No wonder
the mournful mummer.of the Strand
regrets the "good old days.'
The headline "Lunatic at large," when
a General Election was proceeding,
strikes us as funny. One more can't
mako much difference.
Aviation sweet-boxes are the newest
novelty. We suspect that they "will
go down well.       7
A candidate hurried from his-honey-
moon to the hustings. Kisses transferred' * to „ the  voting paper.
fice and wants to be announced to one
of the; guests, the clerk* writes- the
visitor's name and the number of the
room occupied-by the guest on a telautograph "standing in front of'him and
the message Is repeated in the guest's
room. .       . ■_---_...--_ ..
yTho roomvclerk uses the* telautograph for, sending departures "and
changes in rooms to the front clerk, to
the housekeeper, and to the laundry.
The system formerly iiraa for the room
clerk to make this record in a/*bobk_
Besides the telautograph system, the
hotel has many electric clocks, an electric watchman's service,1 and also;a
system of electrical time stamps operated from a master *■ dock. ' Each
guests' letter, telegram, message1 or
card is put in the box nin the guest's
room, .an!'illuminated sign, ..appears,
Reading: "Mail in the offico for you."
—The People. ■ "'•'-'.,
New Years Resolutions:
The Premier will learn to play
second fiddle,
Mr. Lloyd George will continue his
Ex-chequered career.
Ireland will try to "get her own
back." ,
King Manoel will seek for a sovereign remedy. (Ed!—Got 'em. £120.
per week—excellent "gold" cure.)
John Burns will reject a disappeer-
The British publican will try, to
"do"'his duty.
Mr. Ure will continue to lie—low.
Mr. Roosevelt will remember that
"there are others." 'y
Baden-Powell will teach the-young
idea to "scoot." '     .,
Grahame White will live a plane
life.     ,   ' . '''-  '
The Ulster men will take their coats
off. " - v '*
Mrs. Bull will "spread herself."
On Sunday last a boy not more than
, 12 years old was seen on the street
• in a stato of Intoxication,- presumably
tho result of celebrating Chinese New
Georgo L. Pedlar has beon olected
a school trustee In Fornio. Goorgo was
a good-living young man whilo in Now
Donver. It i.s hoped that this is not
tho commencement of a downward
enreor to a sont In tlio legislature.
As a rosult of tho gathorlng.hold In
tho bnsomont of tho Minors' Thoatro
a brand) of tho Imperial Veteran's
Association was formod with an Initial membership ot 28.
It Is intondod to hold a social ovoning nnd smoker on Wodnosday, Fob.
8th, which will ho opon to tho gonoral
Wo rogrot to roport that tho Infant
dnughtor of Mr. and Mr. Milton Kant-
nor died on Thursday, Feb, 2, Funeral
on Mondny from tho Thomson Un-
dort.'iltliig Parlors,
On Frldny Inst Surah .Tnno Clover,
wlfo of John fllovor, ngo 10, Loavos
husband nnd threo chlldron to mourn
hor Ions,
Funoral sorvlcos worn hold In tho
Tlnptlst Church. Mr. Goorgo Thomson, of Thomson nnd Morrison's parlors, hml chnrgo of tho Interment :ir-
Will tho gontlomnn who loBt n
No. 7 1*2 rlKht fool riihhnr on Pollnt
Avonuo plonso bring nround tho mato
to i;ho DlHtrlct Ledger ns tho odd ono
Is of no uso to us and No. 7 1*2 Is
Just our slzo. i
yyyX'f.. 1 'ti}%.i. •
Where   is' "Equality   of   Opportunity"
With Such Competition Already
in the Field
Somo idea of what a new competitor
in the hotel line has to "buck up"
against may be gained from a' brief
review of only ono set of equipment,
the electrical equipment of the Hotel
Astor. From an electrical point of
view, tho Astor has moro electrical
devices in operation than any othor
hotel In tho world.
The hotel contain 112 largo electric
motors, besides Innumerable minor
ones, They lift Its elevators, vontllato its rooms, froezo and cut Its ico,
wash its linen, burn its refuse, carry
Its dlshos, seal Its lettors, cook somo
of its food, sow Its llnon, polish. Its
silver and do many other things for
the convonieneo of tho hotel's patrons.
Bosldos an' electric fire alarm system connecting tho Astor with fire
lioadquartors, an electric, fire station
In ovory corridor on each floor, onch-
guost clinmbor is also connected with
tho onglno room by moans of an automatic flro alarm dovlco by whicli
tho onginoor can tell al. onco as hooii
ns a flro bronks out. in tho room. This
dovlco consists of an ammonla-flllod
metal diaphragm. Tho dlaphrngm is
put close lo tho coiling, whero hont
naiurnlly rises, Whbnovor tho torn*
poraturo of a room reaches 130 dogroos
tho ammonia begins to boll. This sots
off nn oloctrlc contact which oporntos
a drop In tho englno room nnd warns
tho onginoor that the room hns bo-
como dangerously hot,.
Another automatic appllnnco closes
nil doors loading lo slnlrwnys, and tho
draught nnd smoko,is thus shut off,
nt. tho samo tlmo permitting thom to
bo oponod by the slightest pressure ot
tho hnnd,
A now application of tho tolnuto*
graph systom hus nlso boon ndopied
In tho hotol.    Ily It written mosBngos
aro trnnnmlttod by oloctrlclty from
ono part of the Astor lo lho othor. To
Bond linmos nnd mossngos correctly to
Its pntrniiH Ih ono nf tho liotol's mosl
Important duties. Rvory point In the
hot nrn conl ral tolophono HWltchhonrd
Is equipped with n tolnutogrnph trnns*
mlttor, Whon tho swltchbonrd girl
hoiuIh a telautograph mossngo In a
patron's room sho writes It on a son*
sltlvo film in tho tolnutogrnph trnns-
mltler In front of hor. Rho ennnot.
soo hor own writing on the pnd, but
a receiver reflects lt bnck nnd IoIb hor
verify It nt. tho snmo tlmo Hint, It up*
penrs on  tlio reeolvlng pnd i'n tho
rrmrr,   nf  f .-*■"•>   wiont
Thoro Ir also tolnutogrnph r.nnnoc
tion at this central switchboard with
(he kitchen, floor stations, porters,
valets, Information clerk, front clerk,
canhlor, acrvlco bars, and engine room.
Thn orders of thn gnosis can thus bo
I..,,.., ...Ill .  1    .   . 1     _.      ._   , t.  ,    1    ,      IK.     ,,,
... i. ....... .-.,,,.   ...»   ,__,„.    _,...—   _.-... .-.     rt .i._.__4<»
tbo tromendoiis waoto of time Involved
by having ono person summon nnolhor
to n tolophono nnd ropoat a mossago
sovornl, times ovor until the olhor porson understands. There nro also no
mistakes, Bvory ordor In wrltton
If tho switchboard oporator recolvon
nn order for something from the bar
or refllnnrant. sho will wrlto It on her
telautograph transmitter. It will flash
10 the service bar and also to tho floor
station noiirout the guost'a room. Tho
order will bo sont from tbo sorvlco bar
In an elfrlilc dumb waller and i.err-
od by tho finnr bny.
It a visitor conies lo tho hotel of.
By,William Edwards,.:- ....
A learned dunce emerged from his
musty cell and his five feet of books,
more or less, and much alike a mole
teaching a skylark how-- to fly, engaged in the task of teaching the living world how, to move. "Labor organization,' he , said, "is all wrong,
The Pyramids were built without labor union's and the humble vassals of
the baronial age were not organized.
It Is the most Impudent presumption
for those who merely use thoir hands
to attempt to take part in the direction of industry which should be left
entirely * to th'o men of brains whose
hands -are' too soft to work." (He
might have said, in many cases, brain
too; but he didn't.) ' '"He who consents to abide by the decisions of a
majority of his fellow whose interests
are in common with his own but not
with ours, is a' slave; and he who
holds aloof from such combinations
and meekly assents to our demands is
a hero. Freedom of contract must be
maintained at» any cost, because it is
an American institution, so; long as
that freedom is not used in opposition
to us of the better class.", * He was
much opposed to the growth of a
foreign idea called Socialism,* which
in spite of the uncongeniality of the
soil'of America persisted in growing,
and he -went to examine" a flowering
plant in Milwaukee which, after due
examination and bringing all his learning to bear on th subject, he concluded
was not a Socialist plant because it
did not'display tendency towards dividing up.
Now it happened that a man who
had been a member of a union and had
been suspended for non-payment of
dues and imbibed some of the .7 D.'s
wisdom. "Why should I pay dues to
support a lazy lot of people who have
not the ability to make, use, of then-
freedom of ■ contract.?" said he. "I
will be a hero!" A strike existed in
his trade and he was able;to make a
contra'et which was quite satisfactory
to him, but as it happened that -the
were victorious, he found himself Tree
to make another contract. He'made
contracts on several ocasions, but
none of them on as good terms as he
had been able to-'secure as a,union
man; but then it was worth something
to be a hero. >• As he was : forced to
mako succeeding contracts, he discovered that the less* he needed a job
the better contract he could make, and
the moro in need be was the less eager
was the boss, and the contracts became loss and less satisfactory. It
seemed that the man holding the
stronger position always got thp better
of,the contract.
About tho timo the L. D, had concluded his examination of tho Milwaukee plant and the hero was about
down and out, they happened to meet
in a secluded spot, and tho horo recognizing tho L. D. accosted hlm thus;
"Mr. Professor, I am a hero nfter your
own heart, but I am bound to confess
that so far the hero businoss has been
somewhat of a failure, I a'm now'in
a condition of financial embarrassment
and (pulling n gun and pointing It In
tho dirootion of tho L. D.'s head) I
whnt to mnko a contract with you.
You mny say that this situation may
senrcely bo callod ono of froodom, but
It Is nbout tlio same as I hnvo beon
usod to, Tho only difference Is that
tho bosses with whom I havo hud to
contract have' hold tho moans by
which I may llvo, while I hold tho
means by which you may die. I did
not. hnvo to work If I proforrod to
starve, and you do not, havo to glvo
up If you profor tho contonts of this
modern tool of destruction, Consider
yoursolf ontlrqly froo, but I think a
satlRfnctory contract may bo mado by
which you hnnd ovor to mo nny Iooho
chnngo you may lmvo nnd such nrticlos
ns may bo converted .Into cnsh, which
I nood In my businoss, nnd I lonvo
you froo to gnlhor moro for your own
use, Yon will obsorvo that I might
■shoot you nnd then rob you, but I
bollovo In freedom of contrnol," Tho
prnfossnr nrguod In vain. Tho mnn
snld that tho contract, must bo con-
eludod one wny or tho othor nt. onco,
ns clrciimntnncos might nrlno which
would bo unfnvnrnblo to him, such ns
tlio advent of offlcors of Iho law who
snmellmos mod dio In businoss nnd
would nnt "lot us nlono,"
80 tho professor mndo the contrnot
nnd Is now, I undorstnnd, oxnrnlnlng
his spoochos nnd writings on Industrial
subjects wltli n vlow to thoir rovlslon.
o.TATI . M**** for ll-*? *?n»|ng ef th*
Lives of Mine Employees and Pro.
taction of Property In Time of Disaster In the Coal Mines of the Province of Alberta. <
Tils Mnjesty, by nnd with the ndvlco
.,.. 1     ..„.,.,.. 1      ,*     , 1   .,     r   ..1. _.,i...      (.
«*..   A 1,'A....._.... Wfc ,..»>* 4.Vf,.4.M.. . I. .*iA
sombljr of tho Province- of Alborta, on-
acta ns follows*.
"This act mny bo cltod n» lho Mlno
Employoos* Jtoscuo Station and Minos'
Proporty Protection Act, 1010.
"In thin not and fn nny specinl rules
mado thereunder, unless tho contoxt
otbcrwlso requires:
(a) "Ilesmn fltntlon means a
building sufficiently equipped with
scientific apparatus enabling crows
(0 penetrate mines charged wltli
noxious gases; neccssnry nppllances
for resiisrlmtr/ig unconscious workmen, ennvej-nnrvj for tho removal
of  the dead  and  unconscious em
ployees to the surface of. mines, and
I necessary, fire hose, nozzle,. axes,
. etc., for the extinguishing of subter-
■ >r'anean fires. ,.,*. -..^ ■•■    ■
; "'(b) "Minister means the Minister, of Public Works for the province.
v -(c) ''Treasurer means the. Treasurers for the Province.. -
(d)   "Superintendent  means..the
chief officer having the control and
• daily supervision of the rescue sta-
- tion.,   ' "7 .' 7 <- ' ;.
. (e)   "Crews means„_the divisions
of men engaged by the superinten-
- dent, to work at-intervals required.
-" VThat^the.Misister is hereby ..authorized to establish rescue stations in the
Province of Alberta centrally located
to, all those mines operating and producing annually one hundred thousand
(100,000) tons or over of coal; and
where mine gases of explosive or suffocating natures, dangerous to life and
property, are known to exist or likely
to occur. ■  , ■ ■
Purchase Appliances,, etc.—"That
the Minister .may purchase apparatus,
appliances, equipments and supplies
as he may deem necessary; or as in
his judgment' tlie, service requires.
Appointment of Superintendents;—
"That tho Minister is hereby authorized to appoint and fix the annual compensation of the several superintendents of the rescue stations at such
rales as he may deem just, and proper,; provided that the compensation of
any, superintendent shall not. exceed
twelve hundred ($1,200.00) dollars per
annum, and the Minister, is authorized
to fix the pay of the rescue station
crews at different stations; provided
that the. same shall,not exceed fifty
($0.50) cents per hour per man while
employed in drill, experimental or actual duties.'
Competency and  Fitness       .   '
"That in.the appointment of superintendents of rescue! stations the Minister' shall require an examination of
'fitness and competency! as follows:
"Certificate from   an   accredited
practitioner of medicine in Alberta,
certify the applicants' sound health,
mentally .and physically;    at least
five ,-(5) years-practical experience
. as a coal-miner, or at least two (2)
years attendance   in . a   reputable
mining  college,  a  thorough  knowledge of the chemistry of mine gases
usually met with in coal mines',    a
certificate5of compef.cncy for ambulance dut!cG from a" refutable prac
■ titioner of  medicine;  and a knowledge of the rescue apparatus "and
all    scientific    parts    appertaining
■thereto, aod such ot-ter re-jiureraonls
as the Minister may,deem oMiedl
ent for the' ef i'i .io 1. -' ot the service.
"That aIL:me_bc*i-s' of the reset e
station  creivs bo of  sound  li _riltl*»,
mentally  md physically;  a. certificate of this* to be supplied the sup.
erintendent- of  the   rescue  station
upon application for membership*in
rescue station crews;  at least two
(2).years experience as coal miners;
and a certificate of competency for
—ambulancer-duty—from—an—accredited practitioner of medicine and such
* other requirements as ihe Minister
may  require for the  efficiency  of
- the service;-'
Superintendent tmpowered
"The superintendent., is empowered'
to cause drills to be made at such intervals of time and at such mines as
in his opinion* is beneficial and for tho
efficiency of the service.
Disability Compensation
"That if any superintendent or member of a rescue station crew shall be
so disabled by reason of any wound
or Injury received; or disease, contracted in tho rescue station sarvlce in
the line of duty as to,unfit him for
the performance of duty, sunn disability to be determined in such manner
as shall bo prescribed in the regulations of tho service, ho shall be continued on tho rolls of .tho sorvlce and
entitled to receive fifty dollars. ($-.3)
por month during tho continuance of
such disability, not to exceed tho period of one yoar, unless tho Minister
shall recommend; upon a statement
of facts tho extension of the porlod
through a portion of the wholo of nn-
other yoar and said recommendation
recolve the. approval of tho Treasurer
ns just and reasonable; but ln.no caso
shall snld disabled superintendent or
mombor of crow be continued upon
dlsnblllty rolls or rocolvo pay for a
longor period than two years,
Widow and Children Compensation
"That if nny superintendent or mombor of ii' brow of n roscuo Btntlon ilinll
lioronfter dio by ronson of perilous
service or any wound or Injury rocolvod, or dlnoaso contracted, In tho ro.
scuo station sorvlco In tho lino of actual duty, lonvlng a widow or a child
or chlldron undor six!eon yours of ngo,
such widow and child or children shall
ho ontillod to recolvo in oqunl portions during a porlod of two ye*ira,
undor such regulations nn tho Treasurer tmay proscribe tho samo amount
pnynblo monthly, ns fnr ns praclloablo,
thnt tho husband or father would ho
ontltled lo rocolvo iih pny If ho woio
nllvo nnd continued In dlsnblod service; provldod that li tho widow hhnll
ro-mnrry nt nny tlmo during tho snld
two yonrs, her portion of tho .mid
nmount shnll conso to be pnld to hor
from tho dnto of hor ro-mnrrlngo; but
shnll ho nddod to tho nmount to be
pnld the remaining bonoflolnrlos undor
Iho provisions of this section, If thero
bo any; nnd If any child shnll urrlvo
nt tho ngo of slxteon yenrs during tho
snld two years, tho pnyriionl of tho
portion of suoh child shnll ennno to bo
pnld such child from Uio date on which
mini, nr'f* nl.r.11 X\r. nttntnorl, hut id.nit
bo added to tbo amount to bo pnld
tho remaining bonodcarlos, tf thoro
be any.
"Any porson omployod In tlto roscuo ntntlon aorvlco who Bhnll neglect
Uf   •*•/» *•*»/■«    r 'x    -*»..•*«..-.    1.1,-.    .J«4 H1-1 ft    ft f    fiii*r\
"■»#      *.*-n-"1.     t.m     y'vbl.V'.it*    *****       _.>-»_    S.   _     -Wr>+    •■>'*fc'
erintendent or nn a mombor of tho roscuo station crew shall bo flnod by tho
Minister a Bum equal to tbo nmount
owod by the Troasuror and dishonorably dlsmlssod from the sorvlco.
"fluperlntendents or members of
crows of roscuo stations desiring lo
resign from tho sorvlco. ahnll mnko application to tho Mlnlater, who shall
endeavor ai onco to have tho nuporln-
tendent secure another membor. when
such vacancy haa boon, satisfactorily
filled the retiring mombor shall then
rccf-lve a certificate of honorable dia-
-"linrne, nlmed by tho Minister nnd
(••iiwlntondont. ""• ,
ing Co., Ltd.
Th© Store of Good Values
• . 1       .        .
". Investigate and yoii will invest.".   Prices.'
cut, hacked.and slashed. .0 clear our stock
before end of season. -    *             "'.,',
•       (i               -              .
0     •   ' 1.            - '     '**
Colgate's Talcum Powder; "None Better,"
per tin 15c. 7
1 "Dolly Dots" Toilet Soap; a superior quality
toilet .soap,   made,  by the   makers   of
■ "Baby's, Own."      ....
, Box of 3 Tablets, 20c. ,
1 lb. Pkgs. Fancy Table Raisins, Regular 25c.
Special 15c.   -...',
It is not what you earn but what you save
that makes you rich.   ' Our Grocery Prices
will sav'i you ,money; we handle only the
highest quality of food products ' and   our -
prices are lower than all competitions.   Our
Coupon System with every fifty cent purchase is equal to a further five per cent dis-
•'count.     We Save Money for Others—Why
■not for You     •-/
Soot Destroyer, to clean your flues and chiin-
•noys without the least dirt or trouble,
Regular 25c.
~*   Special, 2 for 25c.          *
' Ghirardcllc-'s,  Cooking   Chocolate,   1-2 lb"
Tins    ';...' ' "...20c.
*.        '-
2 lb.- Tins Preserved Strawberries, the best
quality of fruit packed. ,.                      y<
Per. tin _5c; per Dozen;' $1.75.
Take advantage,of our Special Saturday*
values—value's that cannot be equalled else-
* where     -.* <■ i    .       ■.'■■'.''■'            ■
-Large 20 oz. Cream, sold regularly by others
, at 15c' per tin. '            ,J _   .            '- -   7
Special—11 Tins, for $1.00   . *   • ■!
2 lb, Tins Preserved    Plums, best quality,
'.  packed in heavy syrup.   .        .             '•   *
Per tin 12 l-2c.;' per Dozen, $1.40     •
Fancy wrapped Stock, Greenings, Russets/
" Spys, Pearmans, Billflower, Kings, Rumbo,
Wine Saps,.     '"'','
c   Per Box, $1.50
"White Star" Chow Chow, a delicious relish,
Large 20 oz. Bottle 20c.           7
Dry   Cord wood   at   $2.00   per.
7 Rick, C.O.D..
Apply, Wm. Dicken, Phono 10
-    Fernie, B. O.
Fernie Hsme Bakery
and Lunch Rooms
Give us a call
Luncheons Served .,
overy day from I) a.m. to ]J p.m.
Pork and Beano Saturday
Sion) Vhono 1S3 ITouho Phono 180
WANTED—M.D., duly qualified tu
practise in Alborta. For particulars
wrlto to".TtmiG8 Nolll, Secy., Cnnmoro
Local Union 1387, Cnnmoro Albertn.
to renl, ovory ovonlnij oxcopt Sunday
and Thursday. Suitable for concorts,
Biriokors, dancing, locturos, otc. Por
torms, otc, apply to D. Uooa, Socrotary, GJadBtono Local, Pornlo.
POU I1ENT—Holntzman Parlora,
Minors' lllock, olthor whole or part of
storor-Apply, D. Roob, P, O, 301,
Pornlo, 13. O.
..LOST—Transfer Card No. 10, Boole
No, 10500, lssuod from Frnnk Local on
flopt. 20tli, 1910, Plndor ploaso return to (loo. Nicol, Socrotary, Frnnk
Local, Prank, Alia.
WANTED—A Dovll; previous 0*
porlonco nocosHary, Apply, at tho
offlco of Oil nan. 2y*n.p
FOR SALlil—WholoBnlo LlQiior and
Clffnt'. TlUBlnoBH, Addrosfl Uox .1*1,
Croston, 11, O, l-St.
WANTED—Cortlflcnlod (4th clasH)
Englnoor for Grand Thontro. AddronB
by lottor or ln pornon, Socy, aindatono
Loonl, Pornlo, 13. C.
WAMTTi.rt—P-M'ftrnl   *nii*pll<i     to     In-
struct In oloarlnK nnowi Splendid physical training for nmbltlouB youths;
only a limited numbor of puplla taken,
Foe, $5 por losfton. Apply In own
handwriting. A, F, T. Horr Dnrk,
r»n*"VT>       f,r.~llr.-.n*,i,   TT«.1.»»11«        ««
_.WW».   ._* ti   _     ■_..,._...*_»   _.       **.._«._.>_._*". \A.A
WcdnoBday, Ownor can havo same
upon furnishing dcHoJiptlon and paying for this ndvorllsoment. II. G„
Lodgor. lt-n.p,
Tho following wero tho ttomn on the
bulletin bonrd of tho C. V. II. on Thurs
dny tho 2nd: <
313.—Stuck In tho «now nt McGII
7.— Wtto.
.IH.—Shirk In Mio snow nt Elko.
8.— Ditto.
Cheap Real Estate
*'    .    ■    *    ' *■     -,-> * - ■ ■
'„,■•'■'*.-' For Sale
Can sell you jots in Melville, Watrous,. -Toficld,
al points, ori  the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
Price of Lots $100
• s •      •    *■' . '.'"J
$10 C&sh, balance $ 10 monthly.    Nb:;>Interest
M. A. KASTNER, Local Ageint
1  Account of CASH Received and Expended During 1909 and 1910 through
Trustees' Banking Account
Cash on hand—January lst,1900 ..'.   ........ \ 4,602.20   .    „
Cash received from City    50,857.60   '
Hank Overdraft (Homo Bank)..'      3,454.59 '
Building Account   '...'.      ' $421865.14.
General Expenditure  15,990.90
Balance at Canadian Bank of Commerce .. .;  , -19.47
.    ' $58,914.51   $58,914.51
S. \V, BARCLAY, City Trons.,     Certlflod, Correct,
January 13th, 1911. R. W. McDONALD,
Jnnunry .3th, I Oil,
Statement of all CASH received and expended  during  1909 and  1910,
By Credit on Lot    $1,000.00
Cnsh on hand, Jan, 1, '09... $ 4,602.20
Received from City, ns por
.   School Books, Jan, *09 to
July 31, 1910   50,857.60
Over Draft—paid by City ..     3,454.59
Paid direct hy City     18,425.51
,S. W. BARCLAY, City Troas.,
' January 13th, 1011.
Expenditure    ,70,290.55
Balnnco on hand nt Bank
of Commorco, taken ovor
by City          40.47
Certlflod Corroot,
January 18th, 1911.
STATEMENT 8howIng CA8H  Received  from   City  Beyond   Government
Cash rocolvod—Jan. 1, '00
to Docombor 31, 1010 ,. $50,857.00
Prom City—as por partlou*
lars In nbovo stntomont 3,454,,59
Ditto 18,425.51
Crodlt balanco  on "City-
School nccount, Jan. 1, '09 $ 2,321,54
Spoclnl Govt. Grnnt. 25,000
Olhor Govt, Grants rocolvod
Amount roe'blo from Bond
Co, on School account ..
Crodlts in City Books ....
UlllO                         MIMMIII
J J IHO                         IMIHIIM
,    32,15
Ditto '      	
A Government Grant of $3,000.00 was deposited  direct  Into School   Bank-
. Ing Account—In the above statement It Is added to amount received by
the City, et shown In City's Books, and oredlted to the City,,In the amount
$50,867.88. x'
S. W. BARCLAY, City Troa«„   Cortlflod Corroct—
Jnnunry 18th, 1011. R. W. MoDONALD,
January 13th, 1011.
lOldl    UAjkKiliuJlUl ti   WI   ulmllUvL   ijiwlu   III    .»■_*    lUltl,    IWM   MIIU    Ull)
School Buildings nnd Furnituro    $53,210,07
Rent and Temporary Building  1,300,84
Salaries  17,492.61
v.nrotaKor *. .... ..,.. .... .... .... .... .... ...i .... *.*• .... i,un.04
Socrotary .* .... .... .... .... .... *,,. .... .... .... .... .... 202.OU
1r.svTzr.cQ ' ■  757. *.0
Puol7.7.7  829.SS
Printing '•*.. 45.60
JUXpOnSOfl     »>     •  • t •      MM     MM     Iff!     MM      MM     MM      lilt      MM      flit     MM 1 p-20 f fli
Water •.  180.00
Light  84.00
Loai on Debentures  204.00
Chargod through School Bnnkn  $5fl,RH5.04
Charged through City Books    17,425.51
S. W. BARCLAY, City Tr-uns.,     Corlltled Correct,
January lSlh, 1011. R. W. McDONALD,
January 13th, 1011,
Advertise in the District Ledger


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