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The District Ledger Dec 23, 1911

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; Industrial:, Unity is ,Strength:
7 V
The Official Organ of.District No.,18. U. M. W. of A.
s--r. * . . -     ■      .- \,.        .   ' i.4-(        * .    ,~   .     *   ■; *      A      ' *"■
Political Unity, is Victory'
^VobV^Nb: 18:
$1.00 A YEAR
.t> y-'1--
ll ll
No-Affiliation With'Dist.
18 U.TO.; Yet43.
a:Daj the Minimum
.;  . 7     YMIR,; Br C, Dec. 19.—By a vote of
7 • 18 to' 9 the delegates~to the-annual
7'  convention of districts of' the West-,
" yy'-em Federation of-Miners'today, decid
7 • ed to'-affiliate,'with the"newly formed
,_  .„,    British Columbla~'Federatlon of Labor.'
_, 7," The resolution' waa- passed'-*after a
""' '*,7 t. very, thorough discussion in which ttie-
°_ *-    delegates'presented their various phas-:
-,,,--ea"of the question. -. -There'Was'little
„. .,,    difference of opinion as t6,the deslra-'
■ u \   billty of "affiliation, the only point at
-  ,   ^ - .. * ?   .. ' *•,
' -        issue being that the joint provincial, or-
-i. ganization meant.the turning over the
.; ', ,-- entire" functions of district No. 6, to' the
';-.--provincial'; federation.     Some   dele-
.V.gates expressed^regrefthat it should
. -'■ .\be necessary.fdr'District, No. 6 to give
; ■-,«.' up-entirely itsi functions. '. In" the vote
7 on the resolution" four delegates „ re-
y^JT, trained from;balloting:,;. They^ were
, '., - Mrs... Ctienoweth, fraternal , delegate'
-.y.' -' ■ from the Rossland Woman's Auxiliary^
,777^ L. C.o Lqw'ney, 'of Butte"; Mont, mem-
7- ""hereof the. executive committee of the
7." "*'"" Western'Federation of Miners; James'
•,■7 \ '; Roberts', ,,of/Moyie,^vice-president -of
7 " .District"No, 6,'and J. E. Smith,'frater-
7'"' '<„' nal' delegate '.'from "district 18,'7 "United
I^»i .V.v.
urglng7'that, the boiler inspection act
be i so r amended that' ineh /operating
electric motors and^cqmpressbr plants,
and'- particularly electric"' Ijoists, "• be
compelled to become .qualified"by "examination in the same manner as stationary engineers; that in event of the
failure of the Krzuz appeal-before the
privy council the legislature be asked
to araerid' the "workman's compensation act- so as to make clear the claims
of' foreign dependents"; that efforts ,to
maintain 'the "■ "j!3 ; per day minimum
wage scale" be. made-by the executive.
- The convention decided to advise locals "admit wives and-children, over
16 years, of age, of members to-deliberations' in order,.to accustom them to
problems' with which the family breadwinners are faced; ■'„■""- ":'
*** -The, Krzuz case to date cost" $3,384.
- It;Avas- decided not to'affiliato'With.
the, United Mine Workers.of America
the present time being considered inopportune, -though* the step was generally favored'. 7- ;     '-.■■".
,' ""7 Minimum Wage Scale- ,i
.At't^e" morning session absolution
was passed demanding, through;the
executive' board, a , minimum wage
scale of $3 per day.'. The 'committee
making.the report on this resolution-
suggested-that,caiition',should be' taken lest"those locals at present' being'
paid higher w'ages< should suffer any
reduction of wages' if "a uniform-wage
scale for similar employments was taken up.,,,*'■'j'" .-."■ 7-v y'--y   '
James Roberts thought that district
18,-U.' M. W.'-of A:, should combine
with District" fK,in"-.the leffor'f to" obtain
the $3t minimum. He urged that'.dis-
trict 18-should endeavor to obtain a
nine hour day. for surface work. ■: -,
., L. P: Eckstein' the district's" solicl-
tor,\in a report,-urged'that" the-provincial government- should be asked to
pass "an act making'7employers,liable]
for compensation if they,kept their
employees-waiting for. the payment of
wages. He stated .that it lad frequently, occurred that men'had had'to wait
soi long befoe ^receiving- their wagos^
that, the. cost"of board land ' lodging
exceedejd.the amount,- of .the' wages.
*', '
In opening the convention, George
Heatherington,'" president,1' -. of " Green-
; $77"wood, presented a^ valuable report,-in
"'_',' ^vhichiejurge'd-the necessity'of'a unl-
rs',: from wage scale for; similar*"\occupa-
,y .   tions, c - He contended Jth at a hoistman
V!"7'7 " for-" instancevv,-working 7iii7*Sandoii,;
7    should be paid" tho same-, wages- as 'a
"hoistman .working; In .Greenwood. Vig-'
,orous.prosecution of the Krzuz appeal-
was also^ufged by,Prefjldenf Heather-
", lngton. '  This.ls the case brought by
. "   " Krzuz ^against'i'the Crow's N,ost Pass.
Coal .compnny and concorned'the right
of tlie dependent" under tho" woman's
>.    . compensation-act" residing abroad.    It
is now~bofoi*e the, privy councils   In
tho provincial courts Mr., Justice Clom-
ont found for tho' plaintiff, but tho decision was reversed', by tho appellate
court,' which, decided that dependents"
residing abroad'had no. rights under
1 ,-     tho.act.    The decision of tho appeal
court Bhowod • Justices. Qallaghor and
■' ('    McDonald in favor of granting tho appeal and Justice Irving in concurrence
/    ' with tho view of .Tustlco Clement.    '
In 'connection wllh tlxoc decision to
*    nfCUIatb with" tlio Provincial' Federation of Labor", It was tlocldod to' pay
immediately tho per capita tnx'of.slx
months duos/to tho federation.   Two
delegates will bo sont to tho fedora-
.tion convention In January noxt.    It
wab airgod as many local unions as
.7  poBslblo'eond delognteB. also to this
gathering,   , Tho1 gonoral opinion was
oxijroBBod among tho delegates that
tho 1 nowly 'formed  British, Columbia
, ,      Federation o(-Labor haB started out
undor Impplor ntiBploon and hns a groat
or futuro boforo It than nny similar or-
' ganization formod   In  tlio  province.
.  Qonoral confldqnco in Its rapid growth
and Its potentiality  to   benefit labor'
wnn an omplmtlo note of tho 'discus-
, slon.     In addition to thoso already
,  mentioned tliooo present woro: Sooro-
tary-TreaBiirer George A. Shllland of
1    Sandoii; William David, ot Now Denver, ox-M.P. L. A.; Porcy W. JohnBton,
ot Sandon, who- wae appointed secro-
tary of tlio convention; CharloB Isnor
and Tlioman Barbour   of   Sllvorton;
John A. MoKlnnon and Bon Grogory ot
Trail. Julius Laux bf Hcdloy • James
Cuthbortson nnd Bortram Do Wlplo, of
Or0011 wood; Richard Barron and John
Daly ot Ymir; V. 0. Oeslor ot Phoenix |
, .   James McCaguo   ot   Howe   Sound;
Frnnlf Plillllnfl. nf NftlRnn: M. P. VII-
' lomnivo of Klmborlys'JnmeB Twaddle
and Georgo Casoy ot lloBBland,   Tho
total  attendance It 24, nnd moro aro
duo to nrrlvo tomorrow.
' Among  tho   standing   commUtooB
'•-- Atruek today tho moat important is tbo
Joffltriatlvo commlttoo, which consists
of Jam«« Robert,, William Davidson,
John Daly, J, H. Smith nnd Mrs. Cheno-
woth, A ronolutlon to admit tho
press tomorrow ond Instruction-to tho
secretary to giro alt Information as to
proceedings In his power, passed after
tbmo dlsisutlon. Important spoecbwi
on the uUuuUou lu thu Ci'owV N«ist,
and Black Hills, 8, D., woro do»ver«d
by Messrs. Lownlo and Smith.
YMIR, B. 0., Doc. 0.«--At to-day's session of tho annual convention of Dto*
trlct 6, Woslern Federation ot Miners,
viLlcb la ptdvlug the tuoa^ttnpocUuit
and successful In tho history of tho or-
ganlMllon, resolutions   wero   passed
Acts of-this, nature, "he'sald,-had been
Plates Minim at $3. Q0 Per, Day
' It will-be remembered that when
setlement was arranged in November
between District-18,. JJ. M.,W. of A.,
and the operators, it was agreed that
a committee would be named to deal
i ,  - . ...
witn certain), details, and that in> the
event'of the representatives of the miners, and the representative of the-operators being unable to .agree" upon a
chairman the Minister of' Labor would
be requested to name one. "', ,'
'.A couple of, days ago, Mr. brothers,
Minister-of Labor, received a request
■■o make a choice of a man to preside
over the deliberations of the committee
and he telegraphed H. Bentley, a' well-'
known- merchant of Lethbridge; aak-
inp. ai.-Ao act.   .-.      * - '■    „
r*jW: B." Powell, President, District 18,
TI. M. W. 'of'A., represented the' men,1
and- W. F„ McNeil the operators. •
. All jday, Tuesday the commission
ln session in Lethbridge Court House.
Pra'ctically every difference on which
the commission is being called upon
to "settle related to the, workini". of
Ibe-.mine at Frai'k- ' Here,there are
coiditlons wliii.): the conference.,at
Fiankhad not time to consider, and
it-was oh account 'of this non-settle-
aentof the deferences that the adverse vote on the agreement ^vas amde
by the men"there."";
-The Dasls'ot' agreement on t&e unsettled,-points will be-submitted to,
the local-union.,attFrank at an early
date, and if approved by them, the president will* be' in ;a position to sign,
up with the'operators, their agreement
expiring.on the same date as the general agreement covering the whole dis-
passed in the United, States.-vThis was
referred:to the legislation   committee.
Believes in Check-Off"System ...
;-■ J. E. Smith of Districtjs,' IT. M7W.
of A., expressed his firm belief in tl)e
check-off- system.;■!^A8, tcf the "coiltract'
system he'believed that the ranlrand
iile*of his district was opposed to It.
He thought "the system of.. District G
was the better one. He trusted that
the day was not far distant when the
two organizations woufd be united.
The resolution* asking for the referendum was defeated by a largo vote.
List of Lucky Miners in
Recent Exams. .Held
also consider the matter and there ls
little doubt that it .will also be agreeable to them.      •     y v"' ^
The.report issued by the Chairman,
H. Bentley to the Minister, of Labor
Is. a follows:-   (    7-.   ,        v0-
Lethbridge, AJta., Dec. 19th, 19U.
To the Honorable- t.-ie Minister of -Labor,', Ottawa;' Ont.:
Dear Sir,—I have the honor to report
that:      ;       ','.'''      "    ' *,
Regarding certain matters which-
were left for .settlement, at the/signing of a, certain, agreement between
the United Mine ^Vorkers of America,
District 18,'and the Western Coal Operators' Association, on November 17,
last. '•'.'■     -, •
"        -       * •
The Committee' to settle the matter
met me atLethbrldge,- Alberta, Tuesday, December' 19th, 1911, and the
points to consider were as follows:'
"" (1) 'Amount to insert in-Minimum
Rate Clause. ' 'J*/-', "
'■ (2) The making of prices on five
classes of contract work in the mines
of the" Canadian Coal Consolidated'
Company Limited, of Frank, Alta. '.".
-,. (3) '.The makjng a price for,pillar
work of the Maple Leaf Coal Company,
Limited," Bellevue, Alta. • ,,     .-;
Regarding the Minimum Rate,- I
found the followin gclauses' had been
agreed .to by the parties interested."-
;v Minimum Rate      ''v
-"When a miner's working place becomes deficient,- owing to, any abnormal; condition  preventing him -from
earning, the minimum wage'of $ "
per shi£t,"the company shall pay"him a
sufficient amount to secure him the
said minimum, providing he has done
a.fair.day's work." '     "■ .
y For-the' above I inserted, "$3.00", as
theTamourit' ■ , -/" . - ,   -
. , Regarding contract rates at. the
Canadian--"Coal -* Consolidated ' Com-
I/found the following
pany's,, mines,
specifications:-^; 7  ' """
Parallel ^Airways (Old Mine):,
' Shall be driven 7x8 feet,.timbered
with sets'3 pieces 5 ft. centers, to be
paid' for at^the rate of $        per lineal
yara."' ', -",      "" ;   '   ',
,   A cable received yesterday from Mr.
J. W. Bennett,' late managing editor";
of the District Ledger,'stales that he'
had reached the-old country and had
had a pleasant voyage.   -
Angle Chute (Old Mine)
^6 ft. by 10 ft. to bo'paid for at the1'
rate of $        cents per lineal yard,
.when timbered,with three piece sets,
per set."    Yardage ' >   per' lineal
yard., . -.       ; V.-, (.*#
Main,,Gangway (Shaft Mine),. ' " ""'""'
Entry shall be driven 10 feet wide
by 7 feet high in the clear, inside the
timber, and to be securely timbered
with sets, not exceeding 5 ft. centers,
ditch to be carried on one side, to be
paid for at the rate of $ <■ per lineal
yard. To include also the laying.of
ties and short length rails. '' '   '
Parallel Airway (Shaft,Mine.)  7 ' ''
8 ft. high "in "^fche clear, 8r ft. wide,
6 inch collar and 6 inch leg on high
side, Soft, centers, lagged on top
per lineal. yard. ' '"
Raises or Angles (Shaft Mine):
7 ft. by 8 ft. without timber 7     ~
cents per''cubic yard, if timbered with'
props cents per foot.- Yardage
7 Jn the parallel airways. (Old' Mine)
I put in a rate* of $6.35.       „      «
- Iri .Angle- Chutes (Old Mine)" I put
in'the rates ' of $3.50, $0.60 and
$1.75 respectively."
" In Main Gangway (Shaft Mine) I put
a rate in of $11.00. - • '
in Parallel -Airway (Shaft Mine) I
put ln a,rate of $5.90.
In Raises or Angles (Shaft Mines)
I put-in the rates,bf $0.50, $6.05 and
$1.75 respectively.   ,
, Regarding pices for pillar work at
Maple Leaf, Company's mine Iffound
the following specifications:
Pillars: -'"•'   .-        , y     •   .    v
"r-^-per .cubic yard, for which-1 put
in a rate of $0.43.   -   "
In^arrlvlng at the figures for the
entirely by ttie rates paid in the same
.and neighboring mines, keeping . in
mind- - any^ differences thero., were in
the "local .conditions "as between one
mine and another.
0 -       .   Yours .'truly,'     *"*"     -   -■'
-" )\y   . 7  -'.... ' H.-BENTLEY.
Gladstone Local  Union  No,. 2314
The above election will be held on
Wednesday, December 27.. The following are tho candidates: » '
Tom Beatlte, J. W. Gray, J. E. Smith,
D. Paton, H. Martin, W Patterson,' Jas.
HOSMER,, Dec. 17.—The building
covering the hoisting plant; at" ,tho
mouth of the Hosmer Mine, a large
wooden affair, took fire'about five
o'clock this morning and was completely destoyed. 'Tho extent of the
damage done to the. engines" and ma-,
chinery is not known, but it is hoped
that, it is not of such consequence as
to render necessary the placing of new
machinery, ias that would interfere'for,
some time with the operation of the
mine.' The pecuniary loss is fcot
great arid the damage will be repaired
as quickly as possible.       -    .    ,
Miners of Disf. 18 Make
Claim as Above--A.J.
Garter Interviewed
Things-are getting complicated on
the Grand Trunk Pacific, and the company now admits that it has a strike
on, its hands., y       "  -"
tFor the fist few week's the public
and enquirers .were, informed that the
company had replaced the men who
saw fitto leave their'work, and every
thing was reported as going'on nicely.
The latter replies* which'the company
is making'to patrons .boards of trade,
shippers, etc., entirely falsifies its previous statem'erits7   "7      "■ yn~
The^men report everything proceeding satisfactorily. , ."They are well sup--
ported by their, sister organizations
financially," and the whole 'of, the men
CALGARY, Dec. 20.—That ..1     „ii<o
operators of District 18, U.tf W. . f A.;
ace not living up to their*1 verbal agree-'
ment to reinstate all tho me.i who,'
went on strike when the miners went
ou- on April 1st last, and that in,consequence some trouble may ensue before the date of the expiration of. the"
agieement,'signed by the mine enters
and union officials, when the strike
was  declared   off,   is   the- statement
made by Secretary A. J. Carter of District 18, United Mine Workers of,Am-'
erica, who is in Calgary today.- '
"The agreement that the' men were'
to be reinstated was made verbally
and was not incorporated in the written agreement," said Mr. .Carter, "and
the mine operators are pot living up to
it, and in consequence there is(Jsome
'discontent,"   ; „ , ;
- When- asked point blank if this was
liable' to lead to trouble, Mr. Carter
said that it might,..but that it. was'
hard to say'what the-outcome would
be. He would not predict "trouble
but also declined to say that the men
would "stay at work for the next three
and a half years.    .,      "
"All {he men are not-back yet," he
said. "At Michel the company claims
that it has not the orders on hand to.
- \ Mlno Managers
.Edward Roborts, Kdmonton.
John Stovonaon, Tabor.
Thomas O'Doimoll, Klpp,
Aloxamlor Kinsman, I-Iosmor, B. 0.
John C. Hold, Lothbrldeo.'
Qodrgo Kollock, Colomnn.
Andrew A. Millar, Edmonton,
Nathaniel IIowoIIpi, Maplo Loaf,   '
Homer II. Glvln, Lothbridg«,
Duncan McDonald, Cnnmoro.
David Gray, Mltford,
JamcB Clyno, Cnnmoro,
Robert Jno. Leo, IDlcnn.
Willis P. Thomas, Diamond City.
Joseph D, Thomas, Passburg,
Dnvld Davln, Colomnn.
David JonoB, Strathcona.
..   ,       Pit Bosses
Harry Growdor, LiuidbroCk.
Georgo Cottplnnd, Bollovuo.
, John J, McTntyro, Mountain Mill,
dodrgo W, Taylor, Lothbrldso.
A, IJ, Powoll, Strathcona,
uvoibii Lutiv, iiiuj/io LnuL
IYIct J. JIi]]'j>hj', IMmoTitoii.
D. II. QulRloy, Cothbrldge;
Jamos Hill, Lothbrldtfo.
J, B. Broolchouso, Milk Hlver.
James A. McDonald, Beltovtw,      ''
,... ,  y»,,,,m ,..   T^f-.-i -« r*~«.\.
. John Thomas Shaw, Csnmore.
r John ,T, Thomas, Frank,
William O.IIooloy, Blokordylte.
Poter M. Ramsay, Lethbrldgo.
IBbon^oter Roborts, Bellevue.
Tliomas Tonira, Bcavor CroaV.
. Wm, K. Munro, Bollovuo.
Donnld •McMillan, Coleman.
Angus McKay, St, Albert,
PaUr Allon, Blolrmow.
Plra Bosssa
Harry Massay, Michel, B.C.  >
Alexander Scott, Edron.
Wltllattt R. HuKhco, "nirior,
Robert Heap, Inndbrack,
Allon Ford, Burmls, <
A small boy named Hector Flnday
Nicholson, aged 11 years, disappeared
from the school grounds a,short time
after the dismissal of school Monday
evening of last week,1 and has not been,
seen or heard from ■ since.
The lnstsknown of tho boy is* the
Btatoriient of, a playmate, named Tulley
who says-the boy told him ho Was going to tho houso of Auntie Monroe, a
friend of tho family living near. Mrs
Monroo waB not at homo at that time
nnd knows nothing of tho boy having
cnlled at her homo. , ' "■
Theso facts wero not reported to
Principal" Bruce, of the school, until
last Thursday^ nnd since that time.the
police havo had tho case In hand, but
bo far no duo can be gained of tho
missing boy. His record was good at
tho school.' ■ ''
It Is thought yiat tho lad, through
somo anticipated trouble, growing out
of a Blolgh ride taken by himself, nnd
two or thro other boys, a few days
boforo, fearing to moot his parents,
haa run away.
The Pioneer and New Barnes the
Mines Effected
who are out of work-are maintaining
a picket at every, point where.men are
likely to be brought In.-'   ,..'      7
Considerable trouble' is being
caused by the "secret service men "of
the company/who show a-determina-"
tion to becoriio the aggressors if there
is any opportunity, g-yen ,to bait the,
men.--, -     *-',' *     ,s       '    '"
The mild weather has been of great
assistance to the company, but so
poor a showing has been, made ln tho
moving of-traffic that it is Inevitable
that things will como to a standstill
If tho strike Is not sottled by the time
the regular winter weather arrives.
Tho Economic ClnBHos hold meotlngB
ovory Sunday afternoon • from 2.30 to
4.30 In tho library room of tho Union
Hall. "
' The independent conl operators in
Lothbridgo District have now como to
terms with the minors and an :i,?ree-
men was entered Into' on Tuosday Isifit
botweon tho Pioneer Coal Co. tho New
Barnes Coal Co., and District 18, U, M.
W. of A. The contract with the first
named dompany was signed on Mon
day night by Chas. Garnor, Lewis
Mooro nnd'Snmuol Watson on bohnlf
of tho District, and by James Afli.
croft for tho mine, Tho provisions of
tho agreement, full.text ot which will
Enthusiastic   Workingmen   of   West
Toronto Riding Spoiled Their
Votes, Candldnto Says
Samuel Richard, Corbln, B.C.
Ilorsehol Kayo, Maycroft.
Robort Littler, Mlchol, B, C,
John Thou, Griffiths, Llllo.
John Murray, Llllo.
Allon J. Brown, Edmonton.
Evan Richards, Edmonton.
Joseph McMullIn, Klpp.
Georgo Loxton, Stirling.
Aloxnndor Dulhlo, Edmonton,
Daniel Plcton, Passburg.
Joseph Thomson, Colomnn,
Mnlcoln Morrison, Colomnn.
Waltor P, Coombu, Talwr.
S. Mason, Taber,
James II. Moore, Colomnn.
Richard Gnrbett, Mlchol, I). C,
Samuel Charlton, Hillcrest.
Edward Coupland, Bellovnc,
Thomas W. Thomson, Bankhead.
Goorgo Huttoii, Bollovuo.
R, Rawllncon, Burmls.
John Littler, Michel, B. C.
David Davidson, Edmonton.
Robort Doodson, Coal Creek, B, O.
Several of tho Labor candidates who
ran In tho recent Ontario Provincial
elections nro wondering why bo ,mnny
ballots wero rojectod by tho deputy
returning ortlcors.
Mr, .Tninca Watt, tho Independent
Labor Party nominee In Wont Toronto,
figures to show thnt In thlrty.flvo of
tho hundrod or moro nubdlvlHlonH In
West Toronto no loss than 110 ballots
woro spoiled.
Somo ot tliono at loast, ho linn riBncr-
talncd, woro nullified by tho onthuslns'
tic frnnchlBo-holdcro writing tho word
"Lnbor" across tho faco of their bal-
It would, bo Impossible to find'out
how all thcae ballots were rendered
void, oxcopt by a request for a ro*
count, but this tho Laboritos aro not
thinking ot doing, although they aro
curious to know bow many of their
ballots were marked,
appear In a subsequent Issue, contain,?,
the usual disputes and grievances
clauses, Duties ot Pit Commltteo,
Penalty' for Abtionco from Work, otc.
Article 5 glvoB full recognition to U.
M. W. of A. ,nnd concedes tho check-off
system. Articles 0, 7, and 8 deal with
rate of pay. Artlclo 10 provides' that
"coal to be sold to employoos at tho
mine for $2.00 por ton scroon coal,"
and Artlclo 17 stipulates for ac>ml-
monthly pay. Tho contract minors
rocolvo nn advance ot ton contH per
ton, and generally Improves local conditions. Tho mineworkers employed
at tho Pioneer Mlno woro organized hy
Carl TlioodoroYlcli* and Cnna. Garner,
I.B.M., nnd woro nfflllntod with Local
Union fi7-l, Lothbridgo.
Tho Now BarnoB Co. ngroomont Ib
on similar IIiiob to tho ono referred to
nbovo. Full text or this ngroomont
llkowlBO will bo publlahod in a subsequent Ibhiio. It provldos for n four
por cont advnnco to tho contract mln-
mon on tho bnslB ot tho Gordon award,
or and an advance to tho mny wago
Commission Sits at Cobalt
to Hear Suggestions
From Both Sides
wm irtiiL-uyemiiE-uirineTnine luny^ano.""^
in consequence many of the men, are
still idle;" '7, "' "7 /     '7"    ™
Mr. Carter is on his way* to Can-
more ond Bankhead to settle. up relief
work there, then leaving for Fernie.'"
A conservative estimate of the coBt of,,
the seven months' strike to the* union
isplaced/'at $500,000 which- sunr was
expended*in rollet work among" the
miners and their families during tho
time the strike was,In progress.  ' -,
After leaving Calgary 6ft his return trip, Mr." Carter'will'Join President Powoll at Lethbridge, where the
latter ls now conferring .with W.' F.
McNeill, of the mine operators* association, In an endeavor to settle the
minimum rnto, which was left to tho
heads of tho two associations''whon"
the strlko was called off. "' ' "
m-mmmm*^^m». *
Russian Peasants Subsist on Acorns
and Shrubs—Officials Forbid Relief
Funds—Hundreds of thousands May
Perish Through Huge Crop Shortage.
Don' forget that thero Is always a
danger ol lire irom Xinno dot-orations
so keep nn oyo on all papor flower*,
cnndlos, otc.
rUdltorial from tho Dally Nowc-Ad-
vorllsor, Vancouver,)
Two or throo cnsoH ot aRsault nroso
In tho Inst dnyR of tho coal striko, nnd
jiomo of thoso hnvo como boforo tho
courts, llut It is proper to mnko noto
of tho fact that during tlio long period
In which tho mlnos woro closed, and
thousands of mon woro oxpoaod to nil
tho temptations which beset mon In
thoso circumstances, good ordor was
Kept, nuii Uio conduct ot CJiu Uilkmt;
miner was beyond reproach, It Is fair
to call attention to this, as showing
lho good character nnd good hnbltn of
tho men. Thoy hnvo lout n good deal
ol lime hiiO wormy, foui. vutij fiasv
not loBt tholr reputation for orderliness and self-restraint.
Men are urged to stay away from Eastern British
Columbia and Alberta. There are hundreds who have
not yet commenced work since the strike settlement.
COBALT, Doc. 20. — Sir William
Meredith mot representative minora
and mlno ownors on the proponed
workmen's compensation bill. J. II,
Million, on bohuK of tho Mlno Managers' AHBoclntlon of TomlBknining,
Btntod thoy woro wishing for n now
net based on tho Now Zeiilitml Act'of
1908, with a schedule (similar to one
lu tho HiiBHlan Act of 1003. Tho mlno
mnnngoni wore also willing to pay
flttocn por cent of tho schodulo In
cr-Bcn duo to gross carelessnoss or negligence ou tho part of lho Injured
workman, JIo suggested thnt tho
awards should bo mndo hy tho District
or County .linlgo, with ono npiwal only
to tlio Divisional Court.
In tlio twolvo mlnos In Cobnlt during tho past twenty-two months tho
nvorago, numbor of mon employed was
2,021, lho avorago wngo yenrly wnfl
1800, tho avorago promlum rate to tho
Employers' Liability Insurance Compnny wns 2.12 por cont of tho pny rotl.
Tho total premiums paid by tho mines j
was tou.Zbf; (otui i'nturuueo imia to l
tho mon, 120,490. Tho amount that
wonld h»v© been paid under the pro-
posod now Hchetliilo was $40,3il, Accidents during thnt porlod numbered
lm, mm com tut n,
W. Ware, for tho minors' union, advocated Rtato Insurance with tho Provincial Insuranco Department, th« n-
tiro cost of tho insuranco to bo lovlod
on tho employers. (,
Charts O'ConnoW, manager of tho'
Trethewoy mlno, stated that morn
rl£jM Inflation Van ww*1M. A lot-nt
resident lnsi>ot-lor should bo appoint-
#4 to mako at loast one monthly In-
•paction of each mlno.
Tho Commissioner suggested tbo
possibility ol appointing a Board of
ArMrraffftn in rh* ramp, nnAor th*
new act, to hoar caso* for compensation and make awards.
ST. PKTISRSBUnG, Doc. 20—Itufiflla
Ib In tho grip of n fnmlno that threatens to claim moro lives than that of
1801, when 800,000 died. Tlio Froo
Economic Society estimates tho crop ■
shortage at no.OOO.OOO tons. In Ufa,
hundreds ot children hnvo lived for
months on acorns, but thoso nro nlmost oxIinuHtod. In Samaria province
tho pooplo nro ontlng dogs and shrulw,
while scores are-dying ot starvation.
OfflclnlB havo prohibited tho organization of private relief socIoMor, four-
lug political propaganda, In somo districts tho pollco linvo forbidden tho
pnpers to raise funds or lo mention
tho famine. Rvon tho Central 55pm-
stvo Iuib received orders not lo n">
tompt relief.
("Rd.—llnrbnrlo nnd semi-civilized
Kusfllun Is still groping In tlio dark.
WhllRt tlm DiikfH nnd (Irnnd Dukes
nro living In luxury nnd hwptng mis-
trosscs In Pnrls, the hulk nf tho population nro actually In n starving condition, or eking out n bnro oxlslonco.
Not until tlm Ttusslnn ponannt <-nn
wrench himself from tho, tyrannical
grip of tho land shark arid, tho land
barons, will ho bo In a position to
consider himself In the sphero of civilisation, So far ho Is bolng hoodwinked by his lord and master by sldo Is-
isuett,, such m lho. Jewish iiuusuon,
Nihilism, ami tlw like, but tho signs
of Iho tlme-s show that ho Is nrouMng
himself nnd that ono of tbo blggost
social upheavals known lu history will
wtlturi ititt iicxi h>w ^«itrs t«Ko jUnrti
In tho Ttusslan Kmpirc, Hn rerog-'
nltos now that ho has llttlo to expect
from tho Duma, which Is merely a
tool ot tho Cxar, and Is a farce. Ho
Is beginning to look to himself for tho
?n'>tf4»rm#,nr of hf* mmffffon.)
ailAllLEY—In tho Annex on Tuesday last tho Infant son ot Mr aa4 Mrs
Ctna. Sbarloy, aged 21 months.    Tho
funeral took ptaco on Thursday.
Tho Trl»M-WoM Co. hnvo fn*f ro-
fo'votl an assortment of hlfh-flast- silk
>*■& il, - ;•>
*' -^ -' 77yi;7,7cy^y, ^ *v^-y^^;;^y;i^^7- - '■-    ,; ^>^^:^^y^'y^-^r^'4^7^
- 7 --     7 ----- > v   7-:7      , yy7}    ■   -"^i^-cyy -.   -   "-■   J». ''.■'. v.^^^'v-iv''.?!:! '.■: '* V 77y;v7 -c 7;y--\7 •i-y7>;>-i'^7:   -^yyyyy-
'• *'    - o- . - y-.   . 7• v 7 ,*>.• 7 -• - ''y77 :, J'- 7 ""'   .- ,    ,-7""5 7-.y\7'- ;"77 : v7777^i7yyy 7 ,-•_ 7.-y7'7.7yy7  "r yy y-vy.-y
7      THB DI8TM0T .MDQEB.'^ERNB^ B, b.^DlOEMBEB 23, 1911   -yy!£^^7yy^ .'^■'Vy iS'yr^^^y^^^r'vy ^Wl":/ y 7^y~&'-y
In the Rece^pros^Mg^
-'-•■•- am Disaster--BlaWi,e the
' " 7. .       ' . >,    ' ''  ■
Mine Owners
' '    BRICEVILLE,'  Tenn., Dec. 21.—By
v the recovery Saturday of 21 more bodies in the Cross Mountain Mine,' in
-7 which the explosion occurred a week
"ago, the-death list was swelled to 84.
President Stephens', of the - Knoxyille
Iron Co., owner of the mine,- stated
today he believed this accounted for
every man entombed. Five "were rescued. Fifty-nine women were made
'widows and 147 children"left fatherless as a result ot the disaster. All
the bodies were removed from the top
of the pit Saturday night. Only one
of the 84 carried Hfe Insurance. The
relief fund already exceeds $20,000.
Blame for the mine disaster at Brice-
ville, Tenn., was placed directly-at
Jhe door of the mine owners by Prank
J. Hayes, International Vice-President
- of the United Mine Workers of America, who is in Chicago to attend the
Joint meeting of the miners and the
„ .operators here.
"This disaster is in line with other
Murders and 'Robberies- In   Spokane
-, Cause Talks of Forming a Vigilance Committee
SPOKANE, Dec. 12.—A veritable
reign of terror grips Spokane today
and there is much talk of the organ-
zation of a vigilance committee to run
down' the criminals who are perpetrating murders and robberies here.
Last-night two more murders and
a dozen hold-ups and, robberies -.were
added to the' police records and to
balance^ it the police have succeeded
in rounding up a score pf suspicious
Those murdered by robbers were
Chauncey Simmons, an accountant,
who was shot down while running to
aid his niece whom the thief had attacked fa? her home and Prank Pan-
quali, -an Italian expressman. Pan-
quali was shot and killed • within 100
feet of his home where his,wife, and
four children were sleeping.-
The police acknowledge that they
have, been unable to unravePthe mystery surrounding the murder of Anna
"Weber, who was 'stabbed7_niear' her
home Thursday night where her body
was foundylylng in the snow:
mine disasters, the greater number of
which occur in' the unorganized corl
Miners Not Organized        7 ',
"The^minera are not organized at
Briceville, Tenn. It is i nsuch places
that the lives of the workers are held,
the cheapest. They are here compelled to toil under the,worst conditioner
Many of the miners go "to work fully
realizing that their Jives are in danger,
but unable to remedy conditions.,
"In October, 1910, a llttlo over a
year ago, I addressed a big meeting of
the miners at Briceville,' Tenn., and
the nucleus of an organization was
secured.        , ,    "     . ;
"Previous-to the meeting the mine
owners had "posted notices about the
mine, declaring that "anyone attending
my meeting would be immediately discharged. This did not seem to frighten the workers, however," and they
attended* the meetingvin large numbers.       , .    . ■' >
Fight Organization
"Immediately after-1 left, the mine
owners began "a system of persecution
which, resulted in' discouraging the
men and causing them to withdraw
from the organization."       a
Vice-President Hayes was especially
severe in scoring the conditions under
which the miners and\ their families
were compelled to live at Briceville.
The company shacks there are of the
meanest type, consisting of two .or.
three rooms in which families of six
or seven are huddled together.
"It is industrial slavery iiTiEs, worst
form," declared Hayes.
Meriare 'wged^to*; stay; away\
from'Easteni; British Columbia
and'Alberta;-7 TTtiefe are Hiin-
ikeds,who-have not yet com-^
menced-to -work' since, the set?
tlement of the strike.'," "7 £■'*
..,        -cl-S^-Tj.
Coal Is"
pert. ,iV
$8.50,"fa--ton.'in Prinoe^Ru-
iyK^SC"y *.o .-• .*;v7"77
w y ,,\ .'2£*£<«f '*•;/ y 7' yjfH^
"North'.Carolina*has i25~,6o67cbKon"
mill,1operative3..-y>y-".- iy "-.-^-7-
"-■■- z.-yx ■*■
MONTREAL," Que.. Dec. 8. — Some
surprise was evinced at the extent of
"■ the estate left by the late Canon Elle-
good as shownflby his will, which was
read at his residence after tho funeral
As shown by the will, the estate consists - of about $150,000, largely comprised in real estate, stocks and bonds,
various of the investments of tho deceased clergyman having proved profitable. The bulk of his estate goes to
a niece of tho deceased, Mrs. Florence
Townsond, of Wimbledon, England,
who is n daughter of the late Mrs.
John Crawford of Verdun. Mrs, Town-
send is tho residuary legatee.
(Ed.—The surprise is only assumed
as It is well-known thab dignitaries ot
tho church generally look aftor No. 1
first. If, as tho Scrlpturos say, "It
is easier for a camol to go through
the eye of a noodle than for a rich man
to ontor tho Kingdom of Honvon," tho
lato. Canon lias our sincere sympathies. Ho, howover, ovldontly took no
chancos, and wub of tho opinion that
' a bird In' tho hand Is worth two ln
tho bush,")
Calculated  that They Own   Petween
Them Five Thousand Million
for a thousand million dollars. n Again,
these invincible six" could "give a hundred" thousand dollars to each-man,'
woman find child, in the British Isles.
They "could run the". United Kingdom
for six years and longer,, pay the total
amount." of Its expenses, and • remit
everything to the taxpayer..
They could close the customs house
and allow ' everyone to' send, letters
and telegrams free. They' could buy
up all the English railroads with«thelr
rolling stock and buildings. They could
buy all the automobiles in the world
and then have enough" left over to'-purchase "the .Panama .and. Seuez Canals,
and after that sufficient to buy'"the
total value of British shipping for ten
years.' And" if Carnegie could persu-.
ade his five friends to come in with
him on a land deal .they could buy..up
Scotland, for .the assessed -value "of
that country's real estate is only four
tnousand sixhuhdred and fifty "million dollars. These are-a few of the
startling things these six elderly gentlemen "could do with their combined
wealth-If they only possessed the required audacity, " imagination", and
agreementystrand Magazine.'-    '•".
(Ed.—The six ^richest men might effect even more than this. They might'
if they had. the "audacity,"^ give their,
men aLbetter wage. They mighteVen
go as- far .as treating- the- men who
produce the ^wealth'for them in a
more' humanitarian! spirit. As it ls
they "practically control the navy and
the army, decide when war shall begin
and when it should cease. - With them
isthe pb'wer'.bf making or marring nations, but the wage slave is of minor
importance, to them. , He is but a
machine' to .the used" at tlie mercy of
the autocrat and tyrant.", Still, even a
dog-has his day'and the honest toiler
will soon has liis.)\ °
What could the six richest men in
the world accomplish with their vast
wealth—such men. as John p. Rockefeller, J. Pierpont Morgan, Astor, Lord
Strathcona, Andrew Carnegie and Lord
Rothschild? It is calculated'that between them they own" five" 'thousand
giessive and inclined to wage'.war.,, *-"
They, could'put a million inen'in the
field.and maintain them for 10,years
perhaps for twenty. The" American Revolutionary War cost,seven hundred
million dollars. ■ The Crimean war cost
one hundred'and'fifty million dollars
for two years. The South African war
cost England twelve hundred and fifty
million dollars. , The rich , sextette
could have born the costliest of theso
wars and had a good sum over.
If they turned their attention to the
sea they couldrwith' half .their capital
build a fleet that would'be unique,
overpowering, irreslstable. The big-
get fleet in the" world—that of Great
Britain—could probably bb duplicated
. A.',union7;lp*dge ,* of -machinista.Jia'B,
recently!- been- instituted £"in'" :Ha'waii
and-"one'in Haitiy ,.; 7 '-y'-,-",1;7.^
-"   '- '* 77.', >'-V,-, $ _ *   v- ' ;-„.*.-■■■-,, -"   '--■'
<-* , '-7 -. ■■ <y*t~ a? -£-   ,-.-.-,.£' - ,
The ,number.>of   bakery-Lworkers
throughout:, the'-United States ^approximately 170,000." -y !7 y"-y '"' "■ -
;..   , • *V;V"_,* ;y - ;7-. V.-,   fl.-_
An Allied'1 Printing-Trades1 .Council
has been organized at Edmonton, Alta.,-
| with John Eftin as president." 7, j. ■
'" *-J*   * , 7--7   "~i74
J. G.' O'Donoghue, solicitor for the
Trades arid Labor Congress of, Car/7
ada, Is a^candidate for the* Board .of
Control in Toronto. 7
'1      ,i       •"'*♦-.' "'
The ' closing ot, the'. Solway ... Iron
Works,- Merryport, , England, yhas
thrown 300 men but of work, and tbe
men have .been informed- tbVat - the
works aire likely to "be closed for six
months.""    '; . 7, ' *' _»»-.' „
,; 7 -vji *-,'.,*   *      >   ■' -, <'
, In .Thurlingia, Germany^ owing .to
the. increase ,in "the cost -of Hying,
wages have been raised in many-' of
thb factories .during the laBt, year'or
tyo.. ."'The dally, working time has
been reduced.' 7"   '
.     J. ' ■ '   -    ■      " .   -       %        <   -M   ,
..The mine, workers of West Virginia
are restless and wondering If the Unit-
ea Mine Workera >;wlll adopt a policy
that will appeal Ho - them,; next year)
It is the" wish of-'the'-miners, of that
state to be organized." '■ - - '•'
, l-:-.» '""■;* •'*   *, •"■ '
The British Columbia legislature will
convene in."January next-about the
OTTAWA. Dec'. 19.—According" to
the latest reports bn strikes there were
thirteen'trade disputes in existence in
CanadaiHuf"November,*"~beiffg three"
more than'^ln October, and,six more
than in November, 1910. , Forty-one
firms and nearly twelve thousand
employees were, Involved, and ■ the
lo ss in working days amounted to approximately one hundred and forty
thousand. v The termination, however,
of the coal miners' strike in Alberta
and Eastern British Columbia,' ani
the speedy settlement, of the longshoremen's, strike at, Montreal makes
it possible to say that tire situation
has improved ^somowhat since October." The only important BtrlAe which
began during the month was ono of
cotton mill operatives at Magog, Que.
.There were only six strikes unsettled
at tho close of tho. month.
Beware of
Merits of 2
\7f" -r 77:;7 7AGA.IN .HONQBED
'-* ^, *--,'"- '.*• ^i^.-.'wi*"*-\it^.'?,-'Jri-^''■^-,-y^iiy&^s
-'•■jiff, i "• i"~ -<t".; —.v™,"~fr^r>'<'t-:*-.-;',y'i
bred7 with re-election."^a's^secretarV" of
the American. Federation, of -Labor:1 is
a -;CanadIani>, and f "known-; by qHlte -■&
number.?of\ residents' of"Calgary and'
throughout the7west.;. He was born' in
•ducation! was'^riec'elYe^ in"-^the .grade'
school oChiBjpatlve towri^supplement-
edr-by,' a year in;.the: high' school^ of
Waikerton/ont7i":,After leaving school
he learned 7the7prmier's^tfade, [vrhlch
he7followed" '""for^mpre,--than .twenty
years in va^ripus,""cities'pf;,Canada'and
|:he United States/; Early In his'career
he'joined the,Typographical irnlon and
soon.*after^became acUvely,-lntei^ted;~;~7 5*,7j
In7 thejworki^X'UiboV^o'^i^ati^^'- \-y$ 7y ;1
M-ordCT Jo; fet^'fit;'!^
COTreeP ia-law7at.<Ls^
sity/graduatirig In 1894^-He hMTbeenpyi"'?y
secretary, of'"the American Federation. ,-'.-f^;.,-,
of;,Labbr 'since ,-'1897. and-is] generally^ * > 7.
regarded^asjbhe'ofv.thqjablest reppf jVo'^^
sentatives'-*bf'• organized labor*;-in, tho.vy,-;-
United-'StaM-7J^ V ■"■'•":S*v ■'-*V'"- "''^'^'
.»;&<y ,.(. ,. ,.ri.,u^
v .,.,.„, „.,..   ,..,.y%y75.*v>^
Lor^ Punleigh: ^./'Ya^as^bah Jove!,
.We'U'sdbn'b^"nothi*ng"'but"-re-creation 7:'{
peer"sV7y7knbwJ"--:Puck,7' iy^77-'"7y \
Palls of Ground
It May Net Be Vary Bad, but It Is • Sura
Indloitlon ef Weakened Kldntya
You pay llfo insuranco oven If you
don't expect to dlo right away—you do
It to mako old ago comfortablo or to
protect your family,
What about that llttlo pain In your
back? It's your kldnoys calling for
' health Insuranco—warning you that old
ago will not lm comfortablo—that Uhou«
mutism or Diabotos will aflliot you
You think you are strong and can
' afford to neglect it, and that you will bo
all right in a day or so. Fcrbapi you
will, and if it novor recurs you aro no
worse off, but tho kidneys linvo a woll*
known habit of repeat lng ofTcncoa of
that sort.
Why not insure your ktdnays against
future trouble by taking a good kidney
prescription like Nyal'a Btono Hoot
Compound? That is just as roason&bU
to life insurance. Your freedom from
WftiHlovetonod kidnoy trouble in later
years will bring your family mora hap-
fmi«w and ««M*f«*tt«>« fVnv»> r».*>i«twW<» j.
cheque from your life policy.
^j aJ'* &0U4 jfvooi Compound is a
scientific product with ft record tbat
earns your respect.
Hie cost—a dollar » big bottle—is
trifling u an Insurance agsinit future
trouble.  A strong man hatos a bottle
*.»    *»w^***«i«       t.,.i     iy   „     r' - ' .....      j.    j
--     '. »-«|    **.»>«     *.***    *^fcl.^4    M4&*    •**
jmt aa easy victims ct kidney trouble
aa the weak ones.
If you try this remedy we know you
will be pleased. Nyal Remedies we sincerely believe to be tbo best medielne
valtwt offered. f
For hale In Pernio and Guarant*!*) hy
Tho new president of tho Manchester Geological and Mining Society, Mr.
Goorge B. Harrison, H.M.I.M., at the
monthly mooting on November 14th,
called attention to tho numbor of accidents In mlnos caused by falls of
earth, Persons not directly connected with mining thought, ho said, its
greatest risks woro from oxploslons,
Inundations, fires underground, nccl-
donts during transit In BhuttB—accidents which took n hoavy toll ln lives
by ono HlngTb ntroko. and woro thereby vividly ImproBBOd on tho attention
of tho public.. n.Dreadful and deplorable ns bucIi accldonts wero, tho numbor of lives lost by other accidents In
mlnos was much lnrgor, Although'
tho, total llvos lost In thnt way was
bo groat, tho accidents themselves
woro ho widely Bproad that no particular ono attracted much attention.
Only those connected with tho particular colliery whoro tho accident
hnppenei] nnd n fow othora woro ovor
nwnro of Its having occurred, further
than as each ono added to tho total
nccountcd for nt tho ond of tho yoar,
Of accldonts to which ho hnd roforrod,
as "othor accldonts," thoso occurlng
by falls of ground woro uo most important by far, tho loss of llfo through
thorn bolng about equal to that by ail
othor causes put together. Tho ac-
fivul namber of llvpt lost undorgrotnl
in iho 38 years ended with 1910—wns
j o,.10ri by explosion ot tiro damp or coil
u'u»(. id.161 by KuiU of Krccnd, i,Wu by
accidents In shafts, and 0,895 due to
mlfrctllantous causc-a; total, 37.CW. It
would bo soon that tlio llvo* lost by
fallii of ground wero ovor 48 per cent
i»i um total, whjle those lost by oxploslon wero only |j]6.7 per cent,, or
nearly throo Uvea lost by (alls of
ground to each one lost by oxploslons.
Tho year 1910 Included 344 lives lost
by tbo Hulton oxploslon, 13(8 by the
V httoh.ivott flvptoston, and Ul at otlwi!
r-lrccti, a terrible total of 601 lives
h-.-r hy explosions, yd 'n. that saxuo
yc u the deaths from falW of ground
i>av>unt*d to WL Tbe totnl e<i«ber
of Uvea lost underground-during W0
waa HJl. Tbe eomparlaon of Uvea
5m.| by tiplM-km wttb tboto \>7 f»15i
of crwnnif difritnc tho y«ir 19V) mta
evea more striking when spread over
a longor porlod. The year montloned
was a very bad year aB regarded explosions, nnd If averages wore taken ovor
long periods tho preponderance of tho
loss of llfo through falls of ground
wna much moro Impressive. Tho
quostlon next considorod wns how to
prevent rails of oarth nnd thoir disastrous otroctB, Eminent mining ox-
ports had expressed tho opinion that
if ^systematic propping woro enforced
lt"would lend to considerable improvement. How wns It thon that tho reports showod ho docroaso In tho number of thesa accldonta?. Ho had practically no doubt In his mind that tho
chief reason why tho results woro no
bettor now than boforo was this—
tho methods of timbering in mlnos today and for tho porlod which had
olapsod since tho rulo as to propping
wns ostnbllshod wero practically Identical with tho mothods In voguo nt
tho tlmo tho rulo was' established, In
tho caso of spoolal rules established at
mines, thoy had In most cases arisen
from methods already tn uso at many
colllorlos; thoy woro the result of
conforoncoB, compromises, nnd flnnl
ngroomont botwoen owners, employes,'
and tho Inspectors In charge, or tho
Homo Office, and wore, therefore, generally short of what was the most advanced. This applied to tho propping
rules moro particularly. Ho admitted
that tlio Inoreastnnr depth of mlncm—•
ottior factors remaining tho aamo—
would incroaso tho dangor and the difficulty of maintaining the roof. Thero
was still room, bonerer, for further
roduollon. of losa of llfo by falls of
1'horo was, however, no simple easy
way of doing this. The manager ought
to see that hla directions as to propping
were understood by hla men and carried out by them, and aa 60 to 70 per
cent of tho deaths through falls of*
«artfc occurred tn th* working placea,
thoao placea should have the first attention, lie attacbud gruaUir luipov*
tanoe to systematic, and correct prop*
ping. He did not wish to be regarded
aa thinking tbat either officials or
workmen getieralr were negligent, but
aa one who bad,attempted to euetrar»
ngt) confary- mansewnr to mafc;<j cowW-
ed efforts for farther Improvement.
10th. When .verified the officers of
the B.'' C. •' Provincial * Federation of
Labor will issue a'call for the second
annual convention,' probably about Jan.
2othfy y y y ,_ , *'"'-..
- --./ "'-'',''"'*' -* * ' "7-.
Consular.-reports s"hbw that,.according to statistics .based on passports,
588,354 "foreign workmen were employ:,
ed in Germany; last year. Of these 350
engaged in farming. There" were 3226
Poles, 6200'Hungarians and, 9209 Aus-
trianB. 7 - 1 777
An agitation is on in several states
to establish- homes for disabled and
tributions.- from, both operators and
miners: „ It"- is claimed that no Institution of .the kind now exists any place
in the {country. "■-■" "777 ,      '
As the result of a strike of the Great
Western railway shunters at Llanelly,'
Wales, which lasted-for two hours, a
conference wa& held ,wlth the division
superintendent," and ^the men ' were
granted eight hour'{shifts and an Increase' in wages,' the" demands being
conceded in full.-' 7,,- .      ,
* * \*
Prom San Pablo, the centre of the
coffee district of Brazil, comes news
of strikes in < the plantations. The
wages of .the pickers'1 have been stationary'for fifteen years. These men
are very badly paid, considering the
nature'of tho work,'but as thoy are
entirely unorganized,. no ' concerted
movement has been possible .
"    -   '     *       *    V*"
Tho striking Union Pacific shop men
of Denver JubI recontly hold tho largest meeting inaugurated since the
federation Btrlke on tho Harrlman System, , E. V, Brake, state labor commissioner, was tho principal spoakor. It
was reported nt this mooting that not
a single man who had, come out on
strlko had returned to work, nnd that
fow non-union mon have boon socurod,
«   ♦ ,♦
Prosldont Sohuman, of Cornell TJnl-
vorslty, In' an addross on tho subject
of war,'declared among other things:
"Fortunately tiro masses of tho laboring mon nro evorywhoro coming to
rocognlzo that war means loss' and
death to them. Labor unionists and
Socialists -havo bocomo preachers of
ponco, SolMntorostB has quickened
tholr Irumanltnrlnnlsm, and thoy are
todny ono of tho foremost agencies
of humanity and international broth*
• ♦ »♦
Tho United Statos Buroau of Census
Indicates that durlngltbowoekthatthe
census wns mndo in, 1005, thoro woro
226,763 wago earners-who recolvod loss
than $3; 264,620 between 38 and $4;
3(0,113 between 14 and *5; 454,285 between |6 and 17; 453,203 between $7
nnd 18 and 423,089 between $8 and 19.
It should be romombered that large
numbers of wage earners aro not pof»
mnnontly rmpldyed during tho your.
In many indiiu'los tho workers aro
<>.       . .....
TW«' njvpUrfl jivhirij^lljr lo JaVwiw,
who are more subject to cnsunl employment than are th* skilled workors,
but even'among the trade "unionists
about' 20 per cent !are unemployed,
''   -"      * (*>    |«^»^^    jVw»V*« ♦.*    t*
true that there la often more than one
wage earner In tho family. Hut the
moMtire ot a man's wages tonlay ts
not determined by hia ability to support a family, but rather by what tbe
average family aa a whole may eam
and tbis measure la tbe margin or bar*
subsistence. '
Three mines of the O'Gar'a Coal Co.
in Southern Illinois* have-resumed operations- after,, several:-mpnthB-; idle^
ness.     7     ■' " v- '\.""-'"/'-y    ',"•
,      '- •    *    *_y->"7   -
The South African-Labor Heraldi a
paper devoted tq the'Interest.of wage
earners, has; been- started - In 'Cape
Town, the initial issue ..consisting-of
eight pages.yy}-' "-'{{*.-''. ;7 7:7
7 -'    "•-*". *7  .'"   ■      "" y
. .,.    . ^, -   y. \  ^
Ori the ■ 4th; of 7 NpyemberT 1911,, at
the city of jWacb.v Texas'{'there yras
held the - first ^convention in'< the history of the world;{whlci -had for-its
object the organization of the tenant
farmers." Twelve'counties were represented. .. This is good"news., it' shows
that sthe, land'- Slavs ofVthe" states is
realizing his-position{'as well as the
Bhop'slave".'"'" "yy     "   '     ^ / v ■
.-'*"'-,-.'""     *. *   *'
; Iri-an.East Cambridge pump works'
there'are-about twenty-six Polishrwp-
m'en emplbyed{.as"'molders,' doing the
sarnie'-workzthat' men- do for about,
half-what tthe men get. ' The womest
are" doing .piece .work, and in, order fo
earn' $1.25 a/.day, it' is. said, they often
shorten,their.lunch hour to ten minutes", .laboring.'until long after their
supposed Quitting.time at night.^    ,-•'
,'.-'* ,u-7--'*"," y * -*. '*\"-_ "'■'   v-5*-
.gThe average annual income per capita; ot{ all, India'is eight dollars. yTlie*
British ■ government forces India , to
pay ?100,006,obo{bri the army to"pacify
the "country. ".Then" the British plules
arid little two-by-four.Canadian papers
tell us {what a' wonderful, boon ;fhe
British occupation'is to the "starving
Indians" { That,- is - the- kind ', of- lying
rule in India. ':"' - *'y "{.7V- *'•',';
.'.■    *,' .- "• -■  *'--d", »' "; '-"'*" 77
" The ."Chicago Daily Socialist printed
on Dec. 2 an Incomplete list of {cities,
and. towns "in which Socialists'-' have
been elected " to office. "Over 1,000"
persons in 36 states and 300 cities are
included in the list,'which comprises
50 Mayors-and more than-300''City
Councilrrien. { A number of statistic-'
lans are now, compiling data on the
same" subject," and It is probable that
by the first of tho year complete Information will be available. '"••' ,i1  •
'■'\f$ty''"%"''"'Sei??K^,.ftH^«al.;,Excu'r»"ldn'itoy-f7y y[Jy
?! -; LOS ANGELES, 'OALIFOl^iA : 7
By Special Train'from
• '.Spokane, Wash, Friday, January BthT ,1912. 7TlclcetB on sale'January,.,'0
■5. {, 2, 3, and ,4,1912.' \ Tlnaljreturii.limit';::Aprll{SOth, '1912^'^'. i'CCyTy. K'
■Fare from Fernie to.1-08Angeles and Return .;..
7 f,"- .~ -""\y y ,..--'a^y 'o: -. .-,-   ',  T-\-; ■ :^c--.;-yy,•■■-^'?> -7
* .Going and returning'yia{Spokane/. 7..,,.{1'.';. ."..V-.,.. '.V.,,;; $1J1,707?
;- "Going.via Spokane, returning-via-Seattle'7{.V.*."...-. \.vi;'^> 1125 207
r- v.-  '" - .--",.-"'-""-'*   -  - --      \V ~.>i,.!i-'y '7-'" -'"-•; '"■" -;'-. ,,;"'"',v",'7
,,^-,Above fares include berth and meals from Spokane on-going, trip. .-
■, -For'full particulars regarding'these"arid other<Excursion'rates,"*ap| 7
,"{:ply fo,nearest C. P.' Ry."'agent,' or, to *' 7-' 7; 7*7 7 7.'7-' - j v.,',-;";7, *y* 77
<7-      ,p.{G.7McNEILLIE, District:Passenger Agent, "Calgary,*Alta7;.;y7
r-„;T "/•«
:•'!-: v7
s j,   ,•*■   if^AMVit
*,-A-»*Vf»*     -v*«i-»f   >*^*14*
■• /.'--'r-''}'';.- x 3FERNIEi K 'Cy:
1 ^7 In compliance with the demand of -our patrons; in the-,
choice .of Liquid Holiday Clifer/we ia"re'*'aga^ '■
Sp'eciaV Hbiiday;^^ Hampers
7 containing six select..ass"ortments^pf ;High Grade Goods' in-yy
{y V plain, packages" for shipment or. home .delivery.' "Orders' for 7 :{
»'."■'* Xmas Eve('delivery.:musl be m'tlie'eyeiimgof the22^ -
>- ..Orders for New- .Year" deliveryjwill be'accepted up-'tONthev/::
77;-'iiight"of Dec" 29th. 7.A11 orders-filled;iri'roktion'-asiecelYed'"
Defendant  In  Action   of $50,000
' Widow of.One of.the.Victims'
LOS ANGELES, Cal.,Doc. 14.—Jas,
D. MeNamara, under oontence of life
lmprisohinent, was today mado dofondant ln a $50,000 damage .suit Tho
suit was" brought by Loulso M, Sawyer,
wlfo of Robert L. Sawyer, a telegraph
operator employed by Tho Los An-
goles Times and killed in tho oxploslon
which wrockod that building October
~ {Hamper No. 1 Price $3.00\
;^,^("WeigM'3(H^s.),' .?*
' -&;£ V. Sherr"y;y"^7'
■" ;7 St.* Aiibin Claret;^ ■;'7l-„
.1 Sauterne N.'&"J,^{- :*-,-,-,
~1 "^Oherryi-WineV' -",   ■" - "47 £
7 lcMars'ella f\Wihe', s7.--.. 7 - /
771 Old Port^'7"$    -y.ry
'-7 6* Bottles..; ,V7 ~K..\ f--'\*
'■]'  , Hamper' No 2, Price $4.00 •
••'   ,-     "(Weight 30 lbs.) {- ""-.
1 Jules Coadah Cognac
•* 1 St.-Aubiri Claret-  ' "'.
, ,1 A. R. V. Sherry    7.
^1 Scotch Whisky Lochericht
- -x-'Rye "-Wliisky- Canadian: .'"■
• 1 Old Port;Vv ;y":    ■;.'.
6 Bottles.-. ' ''■' i',„.'-
'• Bamper No. 5, Price $10,00".,,
••"•:(Wqighf50'lbs.). "'-
•   1 McPherson'-'Scotch,'
-    2 Canadian-Rye ".Whisky
1 Old Port Wino B.N., Co..
' l.Tom Gin, Greonless
'   1 Rum, Old London Dock   7
1 Sherry, A. R, V, {,.   .
*1'S{ Julion Clavot "' - " •
1 Brandy Le Grand XXX>
1 O'Brien Irish xxx Whisky
'   1; Black' Cherry "Wino  '
1 Snutorno N & J -■ • ,.
12 Bottles        .    ,  • -
Hamper" No.: 3,. Price {$5:50
',,', 7y(Weight .50 .lbs.-)'vr.{ -{;.
■v 2>Rye, Whisky Canadian "'7
-"' 3' Ql^Porf *K {77{H^:';',
';2,Claret*-"" , V 7. r,'U ■,..-.
■;. 2 "Cherry vWine yy7-^'{
,V Jules.'Coadan Brandy. ■>>
K-i-Old Mellow Scotch Whisky";
77^.'C7&'K.7 7"7;{'7y
■ --j 'y
12 Bottles':
- ,-    -"   -1 •■'   ■ -'- .     ..     ,-''.
'Hamper No. 4,, Price $8.50^'^
;-• -■• v:(Weight 30-lbs!)/ ~'y,-;"
;: 1 Oporto 'Morgan Bros.,' -7
-,1 Sherry,-A.{R.''V. 7 7 -\i'
1 V.,0. H. 10 yr. Old Scotch.7
I'J. Remy Cognac XXX.'." ;■
-1 Rye' Canadian Whisky1-' 7 .-"'"
' 1 O'Brien.Irish Whisky xxx"
q-Bottles."' '''"' /'*/.'fyy1 -;'
Hamper No.'6, Price $12,00 ^
r-    ' (Weiglit.GO'lbs.)'   '
'2 Pints Champagne'-' \ ,"
-1 Corby Whisky.   . V
; 1 Canddinn Rye Whisky "
1        "
• 1
Loiton's Whisky.
O'Brien Irish Whisky xxx'
Gonzalez's Sherry. \
Oporto, Morgan Bros.    .""
Brandy Rouvier XXX  ' ■
Wliitcly'n PorfoctionScbtch
Sauterne N, & J..'V "
St. Aubin Clarot, French ;
12 Bottles.
PRICES P. 0. B, FERNIE.    "," ■
. Special Attention to   Out-of-Town Orders.
, - ,■».■'• t ■        "
Special Grocery, Wine and Spirit
-v - - -    . ■     .     .
Wo present ilils season a list superior lo any wo havo previously, offored, both in regard.
to tho oxcollent quality and oxtromoly low price.    Space will not permit us publishing our
;comploto list.    Wo montion thoso throo loadors and wo will bo ploased lo mail you com-
plole list upon roquest, -, -.,,,-■;
Dr.de Van'« Female Pllli
for tale at BleateWe Orog ttare.
HAMPER No, N.50—Price $9.00
(Weight CO pounds)
1 Hudsen'e Bay P.O.ll. Scotch
* nuuwo * i»*y <-)v**r-oia itye
1 MHit*ft«'"f> "ftny P.porlnl TJntivo
1 Hudson's Baytitd Tom Oln
1 Hudson's Bay Jamaica Rum •
I Hud««n's Bay Olngtr Wino
1 Hudson's Bay Old London dock Port
1 Hudson's Ba/ Old London Dock
1 Hudspn's Say St. Jullen Claret
1 Hudson's Bay Palo Brandy
1 Hudson's Bay Bpoclal Irish
13   llotllcs
-y    HAMPER No.
HAMPER No. N-Bfl-Prfce $8.00 J°,ib' J_u.r|jey
(Wolgbt 5i> pounds)
N-6e--Pr|c« 17.50
(Weight IS lbs)
1 lb. Cranborrlos,
9 Ib. Plum Pnddlnir, !i
11'ackngo Mlnco Meat.,
J 3V. Nfir Ki'*. ,    ,      ,
8 cans Tomatoes or Corn''
1 lb, Oost Clustor Table Ftalilni.
1 lb, Nflw Season's Mlxod NuU   .
5 ussr sssss ■ ! ftsrssas seim «*
1 Muasons nay u*mi t 1V n«, ««^i n..-«n,- n>....».-■..
1 Niagara Port  . x JIVlICuit?    JPa,mor? "^ Mta<<1
1 S-lb. Can nowlby'a Paara,
1 Bottlo C. ft D. Mixed Tickles.
Fancy 3 lb. tin Totloy'a Tea.
v'\ 2 Hudaen'a Bay Old "Ryu
1 n ' t Hudson'* Bay Native i'ort
3 Hudson'* Bay Catawba
1 Hudson's Bay Palo Brandy
1 Hudson's Bay Tom Qln
Hudson's Bay Bcoteb
12  Bottloi
Each Hamper is packed in nicely painted box, with hinged lid and fastener.
Spirit TTampfWi Jjk.1.00 in ♦1R.0O.   <lro^ry Hamper*, *jt4.!W) rn'filil.95,
Pricei r. O. B. Lothbridgo.      Addiwi yonr order to:  ,
WJno and.
Lethbridge, Alberta
J - T,, -.'-**1-'' "J,* At
i) 47
- . .* .   .--.. ..?"'• _ '.pj.->.v.': -    -   i . -.-i ...--',.-   .,.-»;■->   :.   -.< ,1   ■ •'',-„-,"".'  -'fr,"7.
,'". '-vir
"y -'
T':\.-Vt -.(Speciallyreported tor'the Ledger) „y
*"'; yy In "the Alberta Legislature* last "week-
;V' "'members - were "still,busy, wkh* the' de-„
•**■-' bate on the Speech'frdin the" Throne.
.'- C;/,M."^0'Brleii,; Socialist ^'member for
V-> the Rocky'MounUdri.Dlvision,>Jtookthe*
\' ■ opportunity*'o("detailing*to the house
:.,-a few principles of Socialism, and inter
7 ':,alia',must'have' hit "some of'the mem-"
:,' * bera' pretty hard/ -,■ He said ,\ -.;
' - The hon. .members-of the Govern*
," ment benches hav«;been loud In their.
.*, praise"* and, have waxed eloquent .upon
. -   what' - is ..in -the, Speech- :from   the
7   ' Throne, but*I want to'call'.the atten-
toin "of, the.-house tojsome things that
' have.been/most discreetly1 omitted—'
,-.. things, which"1.! "might "bay,-havo been
/ .. or -rather' Is quite"'analogous'.to 'the
y :past " ;Every „hon'" member - of .'this*
..',- Cafesemblyl Is'.awaf© of the fact that,the
,*.y."miners,of the .Crow's; Nest-" Pass have,
., .^ up to the lac't few days, been on^strikeT
. '*"' This struggle haB lasted for. over seven
',*' months.;   During this* strike'Ve find
.<" "that.. detective's, _ orvtrouble-'makers,
'"T -^-either name .Twill' suit—have, been,
; , brought In' fronr the. TJ...S7,..These
' V men,''air;'" have-' used'every; U possible
* 7means to.inclte these strikers, to riot.
7" 7They .-were ,'allowedto'carry concealed
-'' weapons, and'.this'.the Attbrney-^Jene-
-^ral knows-Is contrary to, the"; laws-of
\ 7 this province. -,BAgain/sir, in. Fertile;
- "a few women, probably wives "or daugh-
' '•"" tor's ■ of--some1-bf .the ■ strikers-called
; ''/-"Scab".'some- individual' who" had re-"*
- c" turned "to'work*/ with the result "that
7,. several strikers who happened "to"be
'y • standing near,'were arrested; tried;for
'J -i an-offense; they did not;. commit, and
■-'" thrown; lnto*-ja}l.'f: Here'^is '.another
7 '-case, which -you may compare with the'
y7-,'one. I have just/.cited; and "this I am
V -i\sure'wili pr'ove.tb.you the truth* of that
-Void, adage:"C6mparis6nsjare odious."
\;l". -"A'strlker wa^beaten and dastardly as-.
"■-•-,'Baultedruy-'a mine "manager,-'and   he
-\7'aiso.waBrtrled,for his offence; and was
-7?punished witha fine of $10.00! " This,
t'^ /.sir^reveals.to'us In" all its nakedness,-
;:'<""the57class~rnature' "of 'government: arid
■ "\  !■'-■.  » ..-..,.,,, .      fi     ',.  -       '   '„ ,
"; ;1 * ,7Tho!." other - day a'delegation" of1 s trlk-
.,.-'7erstfrorii the'^Edmontori yards^of the
i -!'- G:T. P., waited on-the Attorney. Gene-"
7 ral/:asking"him, to! Inform himself of
L.the" intimidating methods.used by ,the
--'.""special coristablea'ii-whb are guarding
* the' property lt)f the: G.- T.~'P. -.,\These
*.,meri'are,also carrying guns, and are
shooting at night, solely for the pur-
. pose of exciting the strikers. . Thoso
7men;also stated Hheir" intention-of
making a "rough' iiouse" at a ball
■ which was being arranged by the strllc-
-, ei-s' for tlio' purpose ot raising "funds.
! These. are matters which werei, riot
l montloned iri tho Speech   from - the'
"*■ .Throne, riolthor hnvo. thoy been roferr-
"'ed. to by any'provlous speaker.    In-
( doeV'lt'would bo surprising wero.it
otherwise'; for I'am tho only mombor
of the'leglsMure,that;has;been elect*-
ed".,by the^workers""to-represent_the
workers'! interest. x~\^Bver^oth'er'inem-"
ber of the legislature has been'elected
in-the 'interests of ,,'the master'- class,
"andr. it' would ".Indeed >be':/Btrarige to
find'them -vbiclng'the.Interests of the
slaves, when by. so doing-tbey would
necessarily be:betraying the interests
of !then master claBSWhlch they have
been elected here'to-coriserye.
, It Is but a-few short months "ago
that-'a. disaster occujr'red in a mine at
Bellevue,- in which 35' men ;were sacri-^"
ficed to the,Juggernaut—Capital.', Ap-,
pareritly-'the 'memory of .these hon.
members is conveniently short, as, also.
Is,that' of the Cabinet, or Is It that this
matter- was .Intentionally' ignored-' in
the" Speech from the Throney In "any
case', this disaster"; has riot been till-
now mentioned,;, either in that"' speech"
or in*> that of, any of those who have
taken7parttin this' debate., But these
were working 'men, merely, a few slaves of 'the7 underworld' and, "of- cpurso.-
we-could :not">expect that'the'/slaves
wo'ul'd7be--7mentioned in > • King's
Speech. 7 But, sir, let'me say,' that all
ydur-floweryrhetoric anerit thecrown-
ing of a' kingarid-the begtowlrigiupon
another royal parasite of the position
of' Governor General of Cariada;' will
avail" the" 'widows and orphans of these
slaugbtered miners nothing, it will riot
repay, them for the terrible loss^-they
have sustained. - ^During-the strike in
tlie Crow's Nest,,whicb has just ended,
the" government preveited'the strikers
from oising a privilege which they had
hitherto, had,*-that-of picking up.and
using the "dead and fallen lumber for
fuel. At that time* the coal companies
would not sell coal 'to*"the strikers.
What was the reason for"this action on
the "part of'thegoverument? 7 Can it
bethatthe mine "operators had brought
pressure; to • bear "on' .the, government
to have .these* specially guarded? Will
the,government;have"*the effrontry .to
go-to the slaves-^of this1 province at
the next election; and say that, they
prevented" these strikers the opportu-
mlghfat least enable' their wives and
children, to keep warm, which was simply-a means; of "forcing-these,. strikers
to surrender, and ?then ,tell them' that
they /wilLguard, their "interests",! .-'--
, . Again,''sir, whatrims' been:the posl-
tlori of the government/with regard'
to,the bunk-houses.in,this province?
Have-'thejr investigated the sanitary
conditions, of theses places? There
aro, sir, within a.few minutes' walk of
this building bunk-houses wfilch contain air space sufficient, according tothe laws of hygiene, .for about four
men, arid yet in this confined, space
wo find there are somo, 20 men 'quartered. - What \loes • the government,
intend to. do In this matter? I havo
not'Been if In" tho Speech from tho
Throne, .nnd, consequently liave.'como,
to,the.conclusion;thajJthTs/matter is;
"intended to '"bej*^gnored.'^f^^'y^';7/
.f.These .are 'matters^sir,;^wtiicfi;\af-
fect the class to whlcn^irj^png,;and
the,training which i'have'j^eiyedXas•
a-iriember. "of tbat class*!eriab!«sime;"to
seVclearly the'conidti6ri"s--t6rVWch!trie
working'class' are subjected/7i|7"7'~ -
% Mr. Speaker, the school .which' I have
the privilege to represent here ;was
founded, some 60 years; ago-;by -Karl
Marx and Frederick Engels.7. The ex-]
porients of that school.will cbrisisteritly.
bring these matters b^bre your, notice.'
It is .true,, wevwere7shurilied,!scorned
arid spat upon in .our early-'days .but our.
philosophy'Is built upon -the-Rock of
Experimental Science; we have a sure
foundation,'and we" have forged ahend
from a small band which! met tbgethei
in an obscure room In "London, Eng.,
until, now7our-members are counted";
in' millions.' We are cutting our teeth
and the day is not far - distant when"
the working' class "will be forced!, by
economic pressure to embrace our science, arid in that day, sir, this, system
"arid, all that pertains to it wllf "be1
changed frorii the present form of class;
•ownership" to collective, ownership:
ThlB, sir/is the party that I represent.
From that period of 50 years' ago" we
have read history by a different method "to that, used "by educational institutions and' necessarily yourselves," for,
you' being;the representatives of those
who,control these institution's,7your,
•ideas - spring"-, from those things,.with*
which'-you have^come in contact. - The'
difference between us, sir,-is, that-,1
represent<."-the "Materialist *"' School!
whilst, you'frepresent the Idealist'.or;",,-
, Ideas", a;e,ti i, sense Impj-esslonH of
the .'.world "around us, theref-)i*, WE
do riot deiMad.upon "great", men to'lifr
society'a' no'rji; higher, in the scale of
social dewlo'proerit/nor'do we «xplnin
the changes of system) because some
"great -.man'; lived; in- a certain. epoch,
but rather.^dq, we seek as a basic of all
changes^THE CAUSE, and that is to
be,found In the* tools of production. If
you.investigate' and;'study the economics-of.>ny^ given", period, sir;" if
you will take,the gigantic .machlrie of
today and "trace, lt-!back through the
various stages:'through which it has
evolved,, you-will find that the simpler
its predecessor, the simpler, the^super-
structure of that" epoch, which again
explains.that.the'superstructure bf any
glven_7soclety!.ls.but the reflex of the
tools for the production arid distribution of wealth of that period, and mark
slrTwhen eribugh~cbntradlctions have
arisen within,-the!. system ,of tthe production arid distrlbutlon^Qf. wealth, or
when a - system has ,;deyeloped tb a
point where it can no longer take care
of the individuals "comprising !the ■ society -' of that' t*me r thoso - contradictions,- cause, a consciousness; to -arise
within' those .who, are most affected
by, them, and they set about'changing
these economic conditions, with this
result. That the methods of production and distribution are changed, and
the' Institutions that represented .the
past' undergo a more or less rapid
change. , And, sir, when-tlie contradictions,'within this present system'
have "attained sufficient proportions,
this system of wealth production and
distribution will disappear arid give
placb to a" system which will be in
||     Gloved Hands Pick
)jl$ Seedless* Tree-Ripened
\\Ya\   ' - ' '—- . ■ = ■
This delightful fruit, which comes in the
valuable premium - bringing wrappers,'
is all picked, when ripe; with gloves! '
.. Each orange is perfect. Otherwise it would'".
be rejected and sold as a "second"—not as a '
first-quality "Sunkist."     •' ,   „    -   -- ,
"Sunkist" are the prize oranges of best,
groves in California.        , - ,      ,     ' ,' t.
Seedless, Sound and Solid 1SH
7 Deliclously juicy—no seeds—firm nnd perfect. Sweet as only
tree-ripened oranges can be. Yet they cost no rnore than
oranges of less quality.
Insist oa Valuable "Sunkist" Wrappers
, -You are sure of getting the genuine when you insist on the
valuable wrappermarked,'Sunkist"\vhich covers everyorange.
,  ,  Thousands of enterprising housewives now furnish their
dining tables with"SunkIst"silverware-real Rogers'—by merely
- saving the wrappers and sending to us with stamps or money
order to partly pay cost, packing, etc' '   -
"Sunkist" Lemons of Same High Quality
,., Thin-skinned, extra juicy and each comes in a valuable -Sunkist"
wrapper. They go farther than other lemons and cost no more than
the ordinary.  Recipe booklet free upon request.- ; 'w
V! Get This Splendid Rogers' Orange Spoon
Save 12 "Sunkist" orange or lemon wrappers, or trademarks cut from wrappers,
~A """" ""— *~ us. with 12c in stamps to help pay cbarsres. packing, etc., and we
genuine Rogers' silver, orange spoon, In remitting-, please send cash
is less than 20c. i on amounts above 20c, we prefer postal note, money
order, express order or bank draft, - ■> . . - •     '
14 "Sunkist" Premiums fi
Send for full description, number of wrappers and amount • 4s£
'-.  ; "Y*|tBj»\       ■   -"   >       of casb necessary to secure each article. ? '   ^#30
,   VCSSf. ;-,TaHa Knife Ckild'a Hnif o ',     Salad Fork    -■   Orange Soooo J*I'
.-. - ''" v^Sfiji. Table Fork .,, -" BouillonSpe
,-^ ; ,- ,v"«HA. Deaaert Spoon Coifee Spool
',;J:ii-"5,7;,\»S«5s*.-l.   -'' .Tableapoon ButterSprttder i —-,-^
L*   ' "  _       ■CharehSt.'-    ft&m*
FroitHoifV^ Ji!§i$
Cblld'aFork  *    fea»"poon° #&$&>
'; To send money anywhere in Canada, "of the United
States, take out a Money Order through the Home Bank.1,
Registration at the"Post Office is not then necessary.'-
This is, a safe method. The Homo Bank will give-you",
a receipt for the Money Order, which is a guarantee*
that the amount will be paid to the person,* or, firm, you
-'"'direct. .The Home Bank's rates for Money Orders are:
To send less than $5..; ;; .....„,   3 cU.
",   over $ 5. and not over $10    6   "
"      ' "  «10.    $30 10 .'*
M . .    "   $30.   "   ."     ".    «50 15   "
J. P. MACDONALD, Manager.. 4
Branches and connections
throughout Canada
Fernie Branch.
.'.' *' ' VSa^lB"*  '105 K*0* S»..Eaa». Comer C
'' 7'-    " .7xMS^fe&;- s   ' ' TORONTO. OUT.
Low Wagei Fallacies
J      HTif Ilootor Mncpliomon
■ Among tiio rich and lols'urod clftBBOfl
gonorally an opldomlo   of   pessimism
ooornB to bo' raffing.    Tho rapid.pro-
gross of Domocraoy Is creating widespread alarm among tho. men of ranH
and prlvllogo, and tho,result Is an
acuto attack of tho norvoB,    Thus wo
havo a man of light and loading declaring that nomocracy Is perhaps tho
silliest of all fotlshos, worBhlppod among ub, and calling the powor of the
ballot-box a ouporstltlon,    Tlio working man, wo aro told, Booms reBolvod
to mako himself comfortablo by taxing capital—In plain terms, by "loot>
Ing tho accumulatlonn of Quoon Vic-
torla'n reign and living on tho ratofl
nnd tnx«B.M  . In reply to thli U might
bo enough to Bay that Domocracy wilt
Indeed fall It U cannot produco better
results as a form, of government than
aristocracy.    Under tho rule of aristocracy, tho nation, haB been eaddled
with a national debt which has seriously hnndlcnppod Industry, aitirl which
Indirectly linn" proved a crushing bur*
don on the working classos. • To arls-
.- ., . ,.', ,\      ..-■*     . . >r    **- r
housing quostlon would have been in
a fair way of, settlement, and nothing
would havo boon heard of Tariff Reform quackory.
Forolgn Trade
, "Further, had Cobdon's Domocrntlo
Ideas oh forolgn policy been adopted
by Llboral Btntosmon, nothing would
have been hoard of Jingo Imperialism,
with ltsJ)loatod armnmonts ando International Bavagery.' Not content with
setting up a dismal howl about the Internal ruin of tho nation by Democracy
croakers of tho drawing room soo visions of a timo when, owing to tho selfish conduct of tho workors, England
will loso hor forolgn trado, Wo nre
told that as surely as water finds Ub
loyol„ "will tho tranBfor of Industries
nnd wonlth to Eastern Asia bo tho
nocossary sequel to tho European Labour movomont." Horo wo are face
to fnco with tho old fallaoy that Industrial olvllltation Is built upon low wages, and that thero Is no hope for vs
unlcsii wo can llvo down to tho level
of rlco eating nations, Apart from
tho economic absurdity of such views,
it Bhould bo pointed out that too much
Importance Ib plaood upon.foreign
I trade,    hvery business man   knowa
limp rprtl of Vro^rMwi, "wWi Wn mo- ^u<j iwJd ^. ilVt^y mlv ptufiiAOJo
loncholy ueqliol of Industrial misery,
land monopoly and alums, Tho condition of iho peoplo leaves much to bo
deslrod, but great haa boon tho pro-
»,.. ..» ,>ii>ni>rMt/ifi  tpttWn <»"> i^i"t
balf<entury—progreaa which date*
from the tlmo when (be working classes began to make their Influence felt
In tho sphere of legislation., Woro
tho extension of tho franchise, tbo
working classes wer* virtually alaves,
tied, ao to apeak, to tbe chariot wheols
ef patntwod ease and luiory, Tho
«nrraf>c°alMment or Ihe masses was tbo
signal for tholr revolt against tbo de>
grading <*»dHJoai ot ludnairial life.
Cobdtn and bis followers, in th* Interest of Domocracy, broke tbe back of
tbo land monopoly. Had they foi*
lowM wp their Vrm Trado victory bf
destroying tbo wholo feudal oytum
which attll ctlogs to tbo land, Industry
nwsU &*t« iftide gv««t«r strWk*. tbe
than foreign trade.    We havo a great
foreign trade largely beeani* oor own
peoplo nt bomo are too poor to absorb
our own nrttclos of production.    Sup-
i>UM> 'HW iiflli H CHuiiU/"UUH5, '*U-ii)-J(lilii
class of workers; suppose wo bad
thriving villages instead of rural deserts, thero would bo a demand for Industrial product* which would yield
mora profit than Is to be had in for*
•Ign irnntnettonn in wbfrh tho olomont
of risk bulks largely. Place tbo land
qniMrtlofi on n pr^p h**\n, «nd jroftf
Would Le tbo Impetus which industry
would receive.
Hi* Railways
Cheap labor la tho «od spells dear
ho is moro profitable than tho choap.
worker, wIiobo cheapness mbfuis in*
forlorlty,' It will not do nt this tlmo
of day to rovlvo tho   old   oconomto
heresy that our Industrial prosperity
doponds on low pnld labor.   , For that
view nicardo was largely responsible
but since his day political economy has
been revolutionized, though   ln .tsomo
quarters tho old vlow still holds sway.
Ib not a good deal of tho troublo on
tho railways, dub to tho notion' that
low wages nro necessary, to noiuro high
dividends?    The' Idea has not yot got
Into tho heads of capitalists thnt tho
worker Is a consumor as woll aa a
wago oarnor, nnd that with high wagon
tho wants of tho workors Increase, and
In tho effort to supply theso wants Industry thrives, to tho bonoflt of tho
dividend enrner.    If tho tribe of pessimists imaglno that thoy can keep allvo
tho antiquated ilolunlon that tho groat*
nogs of KJngland depends   upon   tho
wealth of monopoly of tho few and tlio
degradation of lho   many,   thoy  aro
mightily  mistaken.    Domocracy,  instead of bolng tho ruin, will be lho sal*
vatton of England.    Tlio riso ot Democracy means the hotter ilfRtrifinffnn
of wealth, mora oquablo social condition*, greator advantages for tho pooplo—in short, the disappearance of tbo
gujt which for conturiea.hjiH separated
rich and poor.    11 Is Idlo ot tell ub
of tbo failures of Democracy in dnv«
long gone by.    AncleriT Democracies
were such only In names.    Political
poWbr was theii wleldod by a handful
of freemen, whllo {no Industrial work
was carried on by slaves,    Civilisations resting on slave labor wero doomed to doatruction.,    Tho Dfimoiriicy
of Unlay Is made of other stuff.   It Is
composed Gt.uUtme* who, thanks to
unlvorsal education, aro rising yearly
In tfco tcuU, of Intolllgeneo, and who,
by tho nonwfiu'on of political power,
line" with the consciousness of society.'
Mr.'"v"3rieaker,-?W hear and read of
untold, suffering among the working
class,of the *U..S..at,the present time.
We were even'told^by a section of your-
own'press (the Conservative) that tlie"
U.  S.7 was suffering from .industrial
paralysis/ and;that if we endors'ed7re-
clprocity we-'would have the same con-'
ditions here7. Can we conceive, sir,
an imaginary boundary line stopping
the progress'-of. industrial evolution?'
Evil conditions^'are-not away on the
horizon,";they";are.already   with   us]
While I-"was- at^Nova Scotia, during
this summer; I saw miners," driven by
under worse conditions than what,they
cam© out-against. [ 'Again, let us take
a perspective view of the conditions
ot.the miners'ih'the Crow's Nest Pass.
Have the mlners'made any substantial
gains after, or by their seven months'
struggle?i-,They havo been compelled'to/return to* work under' comparatively-- the\ same   conditions   against
which..they,,went on1 strike,    Is It not
true that tho .cost of living has gone
up on.every"hand?    And have monoy
wages gone up in the same pro ratio
with that- of .the necessities of life?
No; sir,, and the result of this is—the
Bt'andai'd.of living has gone down,
-Then, again, take notico of the-numbers of men' who are constantly be'ii*,
.driven Into tho haclcwoods, whoro they
have'to llvo ln stinking, vermln-lnfost-
od bunk-houBes,    Those, mon do iioj
Buffer thoso condition's willingly, but
havo" to  submit, fltneo  thoy  cannot
obtain work outside     Tho membors
of tho" "Opposition" hnvo referred to
tho Speech from tho Throne as bolng
"a very meagre bill of faro."    I would
llko to know what else could bo expected from such a cheap outfit.
- Lot us oxnmlno the wagos bill of tho
slaves of this establishment,    In tho
Attornoy-Gonorol'8 Department wo find
clerks and Btonogrnphors, who' receive
tho magnificent remuneration of $000
por annum, and in somo of tho other
departments wo find that $500, is considered sufficient for tho Bamo kind
of sorvlco.   Think of It,' $500, reckoning 300 working days to tho year, this
flguroH out ut Hchh limn $.1.07 per day,
Thon thorcaro thoHopoor llttlo mes
senger" boys, whom" you, are robbing
from school' and from the company of
the..child companions.   'Think of-the
fun" they, mlght^be having, with their
playmates among the ice and.snow.
Would, this" government pass a bill to
regulate' child-labor when by so doing
it would necessarily" condemn its present actions/for mark you, tliese little'
fellows ''are-here,'- morning,' afternoon,
and on occasions running around here
till I2"'and>-1 o'clock the next morning,
and Jor'-this crime against these children, you think, to-get absolved from
resporisibility'by-paying'them the mu-'
riificent7sum-of ^75 pert session.. But
cheap^spiifce/'' .Then the laborers on
the. construction 7work* of this build-
ing^ar'e{"not;«ven being paid.at the
same'rate as.th'at paid by the building'
contractors- of this' city.     Does tbis
reflect credit on the part of the government by thVwrklng class of the province." "Most of the'members of this
. assembly', sir, like myself, can only get
a trip.'abroad when sent on somo, delegation. "■' The first minister,' no doubt,
welcomed the coronation during the
past summer, since it afforded him the
opportnulty ns the" delegate of this
province- to "hnvo ra good time; these
nro good" indications of our relative
positions' in soclpty.    There has been
reforenco mado to building good roads
for tho farmer, but,' sir, lot mo inform this houso that I know that good
roads aro not built for tho sake of
tho farmer, but, thnt ho may bo In a
position to more expeditiously market
his crops, and-mark this, thoso who
own tho resour'cos nnd tho main arteries by which tills "wonlth must bo marketed aro "tho main bonoflcarles  of
tho farms, ami as such nro the real
owners of both farm and farmers.
Now, sir, it nmttors not* whothor you
ope your maulers by, speaking ougo-
llstlcally of tlio crowning of a king
or that Ciinadii lins enptured for a rosl-
dont a prlnco of royal blood, tho fact
remains that your days arc numbered. Tho prosont system-Ib about
to pass' away, nnd a now and bettor
will tako Its plnco.;
Boforo I take my Beat, Mr, Speaker,
I wish lo nin'io roforonco to a statement made jusl boforo tho close of
. Capital   Paid   Up    $ 2,750,000
Reserve & Undivided Profits   3,250,000
Total Assets ."-...; ',., 40,000,000
The Bank of Hamilton "has   made .
saving simple—by eliminatin gall unnecessary Bank formality. .
An account may be opened with the
deposit of one dollar—even so small
an amount will act as an incentive,to
steady .Baving and will quickly grow
to a sum worth while."   *
Head Office:
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve Fund  ....
,   6,000,000"     Capital-Paid  Up       5,996,900
,;•.       5,996,900_._   Total Assets y 72,000,000 -
D. R. WILKIE.Prealdent        .HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, VicePres.
.'    ■ ■> • BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA ?     *\
Arrowhead, Cranbrook," Fernie,' Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyle, Nelson,
-, ,' Revelstoke, Vancouver and Victoria. „ >,    v.,
 :—                                 SAViNGS**DEPARTMENT"'    :"    '    r?5      ' ■; ' ."'
Interest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of .deposit.
FERNIE BRANCH *,< . GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
\a j, -Nit
,   Is now occupying a groat deal of
-.   attention.    It's a good thing.
Is getting so scarce that somo
' dealers do not' have any at all.
Wo have plenty, however. Wo
make a speciality of handling
only high-grade stuff, which,
wise dealers will toll you, is
really tbo choapoet.
tho last soaolon by tho member for
Lacombo (Puffor). HIb statement was
that-1 was an Irresponsible porson;
that I did not play politics, and that
I was always running' down capital.
Whon tho hon. mombor replica, I hope
that, ln doiforenco to my oxprossod
wish, that ho will favor this assembly
with an Intelligent definition of tho
aro empnble of oxordsfn-f ah intelligent
This fact Is well lam lo laftoetiMi oa tbo destlnkM of a gve*t
lsr*w  Amj>»fly#r.   In ttm+*  of Wnpfp*,    No dwUl l>lund«rs will be
slackness who Are first dispensed
wlthT Ts it tho highly-paid Intelligent
worker} No; ho Is kept on, for tbe
simple reason that to tbo employer
mado. bat tho people will learn by or
perlenco, which, as Carlylo says, Is a
good schoolmaster, itaogh tho f«* are
sometime* heUvy.—Ho/noWs*.
ODESSA, Minn., Doc. IR,—-At lcnBt
nlno persons woro killed In 11 wreck
on tho Chicago, Mllwnukoo nnd St.
Paul rnllrond here today nnd ton or
moro woro seriously Injured, whon lho
second section of train No, 18, tho
Columbian, from Seattle, crashed Into
tho first Boctlon, which had boon slopped on a signal.
Wo bog to announce that for
tho prosont wo aro removing our
stock from tho Victoria Avenue
premises lo tho old stand on
Pollatt Avonuo, and thero hope
to meet all our customers.
hy a strict adherence to business wo trust to merit a continuance of your valued patronage
Fernie Home Bakery
Telephone ISO
Ch      Pi      Rh
Low Round
Trip Rates
Ontario- Quebec &
Maritime Provincos
'flfluiU N«m'<l 111 niHlli'('tli)i) willi Al lull! In
WUmiiKhltM Hill Im mi miIu from Nov, liilli
lo lii-i-, .'INI liirlii«k<! nmi llinlti'il lo llvo
imiiilliM li'oiu (Into of Imiiii'.
l-'lnret fi<|iil|iiiH>iil,Hliiin!itnl Klrot *!)»■*«nmi
Tuiirhi HIi'iMiiiiirCni'M.   'lining Ciin
nn nil Uit-oiiuli tialiiN
rniiipflrliiiiuil, 'Mlirnrj'.OWi-vftllmi Cur on
"Imiwriitl l.linlii-il"
-   Doo. 1 st to 31 at Inoluaivo
' Return limit 3 month*
Apply n en it) »i u I'. 1(. »«nit for Mrtlculftw
i,i i,ivir** ti >!i\"nu.i',',
|»|»t. Piifcwiiirrr Aiwt, <>lif«i-y
8ANOFORO DOOOE. In «Tn« Rlobt ef Way," Grind Ht««t c. f-rU Otc 29.
Rlectflc Restorer for Men
Phosnhotiol rmam wn »«*« la th* bedy
Wl allJ *lUHty,   I'MAUIUtAlWtfAtMl tliSUMl
ifi'mtH »vnt»<l tl fit:*. MMM*>k*"«l will
.4k« \'m mv*^ -nm. ViUe lt»liiv».n, t*"i f«f
'. M»t!*.l1<i«nvv'.lt«'< fU«HiH>UUI)ni|r
•n„ Si. c*«h»r Ii>*«, Oni.
For tsla at BSsasdsU't Orug Store
If you want ALL TUB SKWfi anti-
scrtbe to the Ledger—fJ.OO per ana,
•w^wwDwuytj 7'-»"«.'-JMg-»-
("inn wjv: ■
-^5V: -.-i'*-;'
"\    <>
.,   Published every. Saturday, morning at its office,
Pellat" Avenue, Fernie, B. C.   Subscription $1.00
- per year in advanced An -excellent advertising
"medium. Largest circulation in tjie District. Advertising rates on application; .Up-to-date facilities
for the execution of all'kinds of book, job and
color work. Mail orders receive special attention.
Address all communications toaTl$e District Ledger.
H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. _ Ppstoffice Box No. 380
- >£$;.,"■-
,«        LEDGER Wish All Their Readers
AT this time of the year, when Christians are
singing their praises pf the Prince of Peace,
it may not be out'of place to see in how far the
teachings of the lowly Nazarene are to, day being
carried out.-
..Christian divines and other-churchmen never
' •■< . ....
tire bf, prating on the-benefits which Christianity
is supposed to have bestowed upon this mundane
sphere-of ours. They tell us that without Christianity we' should today be in a state of semi-
savagery or cannibalism. Ilistory teaches'us that,
long before the lowly Nazarene was ever thought
of this world possessed a higher civilization then
what we can boast"" of in the present era. The
marvellous discoveries- and inventions of science
cannot be claimed through the, civilizing influences
of any creed. It is a-well known fact that the
! majority of our greatest men of learning are, to
put-it mildly, not strong churchmen; in fact, some
of them are self-asserted atheists^ It'is within
•the^memory-of the living generation the opposition.of the churches to scientific knowledge, when
scientists became courageous' enough to express
THIS.'example ;of unadulterated '-''generosity
-comes from a mining - camp' in; the.'Crowds.
'Nest'Pass,-riot very distant from; .cur. midst.: In
order to relieve the stress "of those-who had'not
been able' to secure re-employment at one of the
mines in-this district.it wasjdecided to send a deputation7 to wait on one of the managers with a
view to getting'the "Company to'supply these unfortunates .with fuel. \ Being a company representing the interests of many.poor unfortunate widows,
and other Christian elements, -it was considered
only natural that the spirit of charity would only
... r> a ,/
too readily be visible after"'hearing, the-requests tor
relief to the distressed, who were unable to secure
employment owing to lack of opportunity. , Being
no fault of their own, seeing they were able-bodied
men and willing to work, it would naturally be
assumed that al least some reasonable terms could
be arrived at.    It,turns out, however,'that these
men are now included amongst, the "long-suffering public" we hear so much-of, and consequently
the price of coal to them is higher than it would be-
to the miner.     This company, also could not see
its way clear to committing such an unbusinesslike
act as helping in. a humanitarian way to succor
the oppressed.     They ,were only Christians on
Sunday, and their officials could teach,you" all
sorts of charitable texts on that day, but this deputation called upon them on an ordinary week day!
However, we must not- omit the special .form of
generosity' exhibited.     Amongst the staff of a
corporation, such as we refer to, there is some.-one
individual at least in whom" the" spirit of generosity
fs latent.'    It so happened that the-manager of
this concern was touched ^deeply-by. the rie*eds of
these men, and whilst "in-the name of the company
,       ii .7 j.  .1.   i.i7;-„   Jl:ii  __ -i_.:_ j:..:j.,„i i.„
To the Electors of the-City>of Fernie;. y * 7; y ?>
; V-y vy.'.v. '-"-•■- ■■l'ri\:- ' 77"'--"y7 y^
*y.''    ^yAtHhe. request; of. a large number of friends ly
y7have-.consented to allow my name to go iri .nomination..
!   for .the office of MAYOR of the City of Fernie. for\the;7
corning year!  I respectfully, solicit your suffrages and
influence* in my behalf.' If elected I shall doall intny:
power to advance the interests of the city in every way',7-'.
.    ''    ?7   .-;''*-'*'    \,'       ^THOMAS BECK  .y'yy
The Store of Good Values
Our Letter Box"
Tho Dihtrlct Lodger nccepU no roSponsl"
l)llity for tlio views oxprogMXl by its coitoh-
lioiulantx. ComimmiciUlons will bo Inserted
wliutlior islgnod by tlio i-oul muiio of lho
writer or n nam do ultimo, but lho writoc'a
namo nnd iiddrcss.-nuiht bo rivon to tho
Kdltor us evidence of Rood faith, ln no case
will it be divulged without consent.
Here and There
The Trltes-Wood Co. aro selliaj.: fine
Japanese oranges ioc 75c. a box.   X
Supt. Hammond was > down in Corbin on Tuesday fixing up' a dynamo. -
he could not do anything, still as "an" individual .he
would head a subscription list, if the men-would
start one. That the men were, deeply moved by
this exhibition of charity is needless to repeat, and
we .hope" they will carry the memory of this noble
deed in their minds until, their dying day. This
act was made the more touching on account of the
manager being responsible; for the cause which
made such a request necessary, i.e.—the,inability to
secure work at a certain-mine.." It is looked upon
as'^a hopeful sigh that the \men may now "expect
to get re-instated, asit would be too bad .to spoil
such evident good- intentions to improve the Jot of
one's fellowT men in such7a practical manner, as
allowing .them to work.: . Should this assumption
prove" correct it will likely be1 unnecessary to start
any subscription"list,'" so that, the name of this benc-
" -'their—which was tfien~consid"ere"ci—fiereucaT teacn-.
< ings.. • Now, those who speak in-the name of religion aro not so- antagonistic, for they realize
the futility   of   endeavoring   to , frustrate - progress.     Joseph Dietzgen   in   his   "Positive Out-
-   come of Philosophy,'.' has this to say on the subject: ,    .     , ....
"    "A-priori and a posteriori understanding nre
related in the. same way that philosophy and natural' science, taking the latter in the" widest meaning of the term, that of science in general.   The
* contrast between belicveing arid knowing is duplicated in that between   philosophy   and   natural
science, speculative philosophy, like religion, lives
on faith.     The modern world has transformed,
faith into science.     The reactionists in ^politics
who demand'that science retrace its steps desire
it's return to faith,  ■ The content of faith is ac-_
quired without exertion.     Faith makes n priori
perceptions whilst science arrives at its knowlodgo by hard posteriori study. 'To give up faith
means to give up  taking,things ensy, and to confine science tb a posteriori knowledge means to
decorate it with the characteristic mark of modem
times, work."
So much for religion and science.     In" how fur,
however, have Christian   nations   followed   tho
teachings of their master!     In this year of 1011,
"A. C. E., what conditions surround us I     Truly,
a magnificent spectacle?   On every side of us nations aro threatening'to fly at cadi others throats.
A war here, another there, n punil.ivo expedition
in anolhcr place tbesubduo tho rebellious savages
who arc simply desirous to retain tho piece of
this world's lnnd of which thoy aro tho rightful
owners.    Ts all this for tho purpose of bringing
tlio flospcl io llio hoathoiiH!     Oh, no, only 1o
"civilize'',, them, and incidentally to grasp just
ii woo bit of territory.    Wo oven soo tho beautiful
spectacle of llio "Pope bestowing his blessing upon
llio Italian troopu u* thoy march past tho Vatican to legally NlnuKlitoi' a fow TurlcH, Arabs mid
others who mny bo in their way to Tripoli, their
goal.     Kvi'ii when nations aro not busy culling
Homobody olHoYHiront thoy find a means of keeping themselves going, if only by sending missionaries to foreign lands, as advance guards to the
cannon, and thus paving the way for a littlo moro
lnnd grasping.     And nil this is in the name of
religion.     Hul, wnr or nn wnr, thoro is at all
limes, without oosmition, in all lands tho oontinunl
Hlrutrptlo bol worm tho wnfiKpn niid'tho classes.   Tho
former for tho right to exist as human beings, tho
latter for more power in their greed for gold.   Tn
this they are, likewise, upheld by tho churchcu.
For, after all, aro 11 icy not i'Jieir biggeul benefactors f    Aro they not tlio oiim who subscribe liberally townrds the erection of the churchcuf   Would
it not he base ingratitude on the part of the clergy
(   to do, or to sny, anything detrimental lo tho in-
tomtit of their masters!     In this struggle the
wnrVmg mnn linn to fl^ht his tiwu bnilh-H.     That
he 5b doing so bravely current event* bear ample
tefltimony.    So inr, nt any rate, religion has not
been a boon to humanity, on the contrary, it han
held it in check, nnd that notwithstanding the
teachings of "Tho IPrinoo of Peace."    Whon cm«
nncipation to the workers—tho mawe*—come* it
will bo through (heir own efforts and not through
any other intermediary.
terity 'along"the Crow's Nest. Pass. Capitalism
produces' some queer contradictions, but we wonr
der if the wokers can observe anything very peculiar in,this instance of good-will to members of
their class attending. -*• •
_j -,-      r   -    -'
To the Editor, District Ledger., ,
Dear Sir,;—If Game "Warden Lewis is
reported correctly in-last week's-Free
Press,-1 am'certainly surprised ..(and
let me.add that I am not alone in my
surprise)" that .'after his comparison
of the moderation of the,Indian and
tno greed of the.Fernie sports''"that
it was.with difficulty that he could
discuss them in measured terms."'
' For-myself, I was always under the,
impression that "Mr. C," J.. Lewis was
the Game Warden for" this district;
that his duties consisted of seeing that'
the game " laws* .were observed.'and
where any-breach of those laws was
committed he was invested .with the
authority? of bringing the culpjits to'
book.       :_   - *   ' ^ -
Now, evidently I have been laboring
under a misapprehension;, and again,;
I am not alone.
Last week Mr. ■ Lewis (if reported
correctly by the Free Pess) made a
most-, bitfer, "aid" vitriolic attack on
Fernie sportsmen in general. In,fact
he"1 considered the Indian as moderate
wlien compared ^with, them, and %he
found' "it 'difficult to discuss them- in
measured- terms." . Now, in^ the first
place Mr. Lewis'.might inform SOME
of the sportsmen- of Fernie what" he
would term "unmeasured terms." I
■   Miss Elley has been appointed  a
school teacher for one of the divisions.
-Mr. L. P. Eckstein leaves tonight for
Lethbridge and expects 6 to" be back'
on Tuesday.
Dan Oliver had his fingers crushed
at the mine.and will be incapacitated
for about" a'*month**
..The Junior Hockey Team is out with
a challenge-to any hotel in town, the
Northern preferred/ "* .
We understand that Judge Wilson,
of Cranbrook, who has recently resigned from the bench, will engage in
law-practice in this city in partnership-with*' Sherwood Herchmer. " .    '
F all the diseases which human flesh is heir to
none is so pernicious and contagious as '"'mili-
taritis,'-'or in other words, militarism.     Nations
have from time to time used stringent means to
compel their subjects to'enlist in the army,, and
oven in this the twentieth century there are European countries that have still in vogue that ancient
and degrading method of conscription.    In Russia
not so many years ago, boys of twelve were taken
from their homes and enlisted in the army.   In
countries where democracy   and   enlightenment,
such as England, tho. United States, and our own
Canada, aro presumed to bo on a higher level,
other moans are found of infusing young minds
with the lust for blood.     Advantage is taken of
the fact that "every boy is imbued with a feeling
of bravado and heroism; a rifle and cartridges is
handed him, and ho becomes a full-fledged, proud
Boy Scout.    This 'movement now numbers in this
Dominion 15,000, and with tho propaganda those
interested in tho movement aro now making, it is
bound to incroaso.    Tho purpose is obvious. ,  It
is hoped that with tho training tho boy receives
in bolioving that tho taking of human life for his
country's good, or incidontolly, in compelling strikers to go back by tho point of tho bayonet or
bullet, is meritorious, ho will bo roady to jump at
tho othor fellow's throat whon his master bids
him do it..   Tho roorniting sergeant finds it moro
and moro difficult as' timo goes on to find fools to
sell thomsolvcs, and tho Boy Scout schemo is consequently, at any rato, for the timo being, a glorious idea, worthy of llio mnslor mind of its originn-
tor—Radon Powell, who in South Africa wns call,
ed Thiruum-Pnwoll,    Where tho lust for blood and
gold is so powerful an incentive it is difficult to
prevent its total abolition, but tho movement can bo
checked partially at least by Socialist's nnd trado
unionists dissuading their Rons from joining it.
* A. fie took place'at We3t Fernie on
Monday-night at the residence of Mr.
Fied; Dicks."- We~understand, that"
"there -was,.?l,000 insuranco on the
house and $250 on the contents.'   ■■
Tliere will be a special service at
the Baptist Church on. Sunday-next,
appopriate^to the occasion.' The evening service will be preaede'dby a'musi-
cal, service, qpmmencfhs'at '7-'"o'clock."
and'will'include selections byTthe
choir.and solos, by Miss''Nellie Woods,
Miss1 Ray Pickering and Mrs. Thomson.
An T'higliHh M.T\, Norton flriffitlis by name,
says that llritain and Gormany.must come io blows,
and this must como about within six years. The
wish is no doubt father to the thought, for Griffiths is, undoubtedly, one of thoso capitalists who
largely benefit by the misfortunes of others, Thl?
may bo anothor case of "what's food for one is
poison for another.1' Socialism is too strong in
Germany to permit of Rtich a eatastrophy. It was
this party that prevented bloodshed over the Sroroc
co affair recently, and it will be Ibis party on ono
aide, and the Kngltah Socialists and Laborites
on tho other side, that will prevent it
if necessary. The people are now beginning to
realize thnt it is the masses that give their blood
and tbat it is the nrUtocrnts and plutc* that thrive
in timo nf wnr. Why ahonld they then kill men
whom tliey have novor aeon before, and whom
they have nothing against, and be the cause of
bringing about'in one fell swoop innumerable
wfdowH and little orphiuwf
But the whole thing is too great a
reflection upon Fernie sportsmen—and
would-be" sportsmen—to be dismissed
lightly..;     7 ,-,Vy
-  If Mr. Lewis his any just complaint
against' any ' Fernie , sportsman   he
should see that that particular indivi-'
dual or individuals is dealt with by the
law, not go complaining to a newspaper editor."    If the law has not been'
broken, then Mr. Lewis has no kick
coming, and has himself been guilty of
most unsportsmanlike conduct.    That,
is the most measured term in .-which
I care to discuss his remarks.
If. tho law permits too many deer
to be killed in the opinion of Mr.
Lewis,' then it is up to. the game wardens to report at tho end of tho season
to'the'propor authorities that in their
opinion tho allowance per man should'
bo roducod. ' >
If a man has taken flvo door in season he has taken whnt'tho law allows,
no move, and If this numbor is too
many In,Mr. LoavIs's opinion, tjion
ho has been somo tlmo discovering it,
for I understand that this ls not "his
first year of offlco.
. GroedinoBs, when' n man takes what
Is allowed by tho law is not a crime,
neither is it a broach of tho Gamo
■ With, roforonco to-tho.enforcing of
Section 7 of tho Gamo Act all I can
say Is that it Is rather Into to publish
this in a pnpor datod Deo, ICth! And
further, I understand that it hns not
boon doomed necessary to print this
'Bcctlon--a most Important ono—In
tho ordlnnry publlshod notices exhibited in public placos. Why,", then has
Mr, Lowls found It so Imporatlvo that
tills law should ho published on tho
Iniit day of tho HonBon (1) nnd throaton
nil Fornlo Bportsmon that ho will on-
forco It to tho lottor?.
This Ib nnotlior matter upon which
Mr Lowls will find otliova no Indignant
ns himself!
Porsonnlly I havo alwnys hoard tho
gnmo wnrdoim Hpokon of in tho highest
torms, nnd I ennnot help thinking thnt.
thoro In n nl&gor In tlio fonco nomo
whoro, but whoovor Ittls it cortninly
(Ioob not became n gnmo wnrdon to
permit such remarks ns thocio ho Ib
credited with npponrlng without ranking nomo explanation.
Trusting you will excuse nvo, nlr,
for trespaBBlng on your apnea to such
nn oxtont, but nBBurlng you I nm but
vory iuuucuuuteiy conveying tlio Indignation that I and my frlendB fool
tit this unwarranted attack,
T remain, yours, etc.,.
On behalf of llio Elk Club,
V. 11. N.
A hearty invitation to all.
.       LADIES'.COLLARS;Special.75c,..   _     7
jjadies' Fancy Collars,'made from Chiffons," Silks ,
. and Nets,' trimmed .with'- Frencli""Valenciennes; „-
Appliques, and .Tinsel trimmings.; y These' come in,&
-a vast'assortment'of'styles'and colors; a" splendid'-
charice'tb.get a Christmas remembrance at a small
.'cost.     Regular 85c. to $1.25.7 "/T" .'
Special :.......... — ~ 75c.
. Fancy Linen Runners and Tea .Cloths, made ■'-.
from Pure Linen, in a fine sheer quality, .with inch,
.and one-half hems,' Regular $3.00 to $3.50   .
. Saturday Special ».....^...:../..;   $2.25, .
KID GLOVES, Special, 85c. per pair' .
. Ladies'-'Kid'Gloyes; a good quality kid in brown,-' -
' grey,.red,;navy and.black;. Regular,'$1.25.:."    '*\ 7.
, Saturday  '1..?,—;7.7,.... ,85c- pair. ,
Men's Excelda Handkerchiefs, plain "and fancy .
.  borders!'.'   Special,.55c'for half-doz.'7  7 -'-
Men's .Heavy" Tweed, Flannel and Serge, "Work--.
.ing Shirts.'.-. Regular values, $1.25yto $1.50.- -. •-;
.Special   ••••••• —!'..!..-.>v -y 95c. y
■. V    ' " *     *    """ "" *    "*"   -   i"
" *    *"       * <*
"       -    ■ .. ,    ^ J '<. •>
'   ." Grey "Wool Blankets, at a fraction of.their worth. •
"<'Regular ........   $3.25;. Special     $2 55-.
'-'' Regular 7 \'::. A   $3.50 ' n Special- . .V..'.: . $2'.85
, Men's Neckwear, regular 65p. and 75c.  -
-Special ................7........;:.....    ; 50c.
Let"your gift.be a'pair;-of,Slippers.. "We-are
showing am excellent',range--fqr7botX ladies an(l
gentlemen, and our,!price's.will save you"money.
'*. ~. .y *■'..'.--   '. >*
Men's Blue7Denim Pant 7 Overalls,-' medium*
weight. -7 ■ •*  .-      .-. 7. ° 7 ■; . f -\.-.. yy y -£•-,
'\ Special ...,.7.7r'....7.........:..,.,v60c. per pair.
Get the benefit of; the Special; Grocery ^values
-,An informal meeting of citizens took
place on'Tuesday evening'last, to discuss civic politics, and another meeting'will be called for "next "week.
Whilst lt-Ia-'bot their intention to'run
a ticket, they will watch the "candidates closely, and put their stamp'of
approval on thoso whom they consider
most suitable. „
offered for Saturday selling.y J}
The sport of dog^ racing will be
started again by its originator in' this
town, Tom Whelan, on New -Yenr's
Day. They are timed to take place
at 2 p.m., nnd the courso will be from
the,Methodist Church to the Imperial
Dank Corner, There will bohvo mnin
events, free for all, and a slow-changc-
about, race, also ■ freo for all. The
prizes nro so numerous that ovory
competitors should receive one.
Good attendnncoB^ftiB been the order
for tho week' nj,.-<hls popular picture
play houso. Ono: of .tho features' Is
tho solectlons rendered hy Bandmaster
Zaccaro. Tho programme'for-tho noxt
few days, and matlnoo to-morrow after-
noon, is "Dig Nolso Hnnlc," mil] uproar*
lous comedy, "Tho Stolon Piny," n
drama; "Tho ImpoBterB," a wnr Btory;
and the Warwick Chronicles, showing
scenoB from tho TurklBh-Itallnn War,
At to-morroWfl nintlrico n (loll and n
pair of BkntCB will bo, given nwiiy, A
special matlneo will bo given on Xmas
"W«, tho undersigned former flro
boiiM of Unnkhoail Mlno*, wluli It to bo
known that nny Alberta flro boi« may
newpt frnplovm«>nt in Tinnkhwin' Mines
without jfMir of getting tbe nnmo pf
"Bcnbblng," to m wo havo mutually
contented to loavo tbo locality, being
d«siroui to ten the minct fully lUrted.
(Blffftfcfl)   JOHN CLKMSMSOX,
II. Mcl>ONAM>,
Tho Sunday School children will give
a beautiful cnntnln entitled " AVlnlt to
Snntn Clnus." Tho children will he
suitably d roused for tho occasion to ro-
proflontSantn, his wlfo nnd children,
falrlos, brownloB, and ballroom party.
Much tlmo and monoy 1ms boon spii'iit
to mako this tho host ontortnlnmout
Blven In Fornlo, Aftor tho ontortnln-
inont proHcntB will bo glvon to the
children from tho ChrUtmns troo.
Como and see tho ballroom ascension
nt 11.30 a.m.; hIho nt 7.no p.m. Como
and npond a night with lho children,
Admission only 2t!c.
1Mb tiHANO
yearn beforo by the blow, ' Any surgeon of oxporlohco can toll you of
llko IngtnncoB in rent life/' This Ib
why "Tho Right, of Way,'" Sir Gilbert
Parker's popular romanco is so Intensely lnteroBtlng, bocnuso it is a powerful tale of living, breathing, pulsating
modern llfo.   ...       '
A splendid Bconlc production of this
piny will bo Boon nt tho Grand Thoatro-
on Friday, Deo, 2011),, by Mr, Sanford
Dodge and his talented company,
Prices to suit nil.
The pIcturoB at tho Grand have boon
ot unusual merit of Into, nnd Ih being
well patronized. To-night flvo turkeys will bo raffled, nnd a npoclnl
progrummo Is In rcndlnoBs for tomorrow night, Sunday nnd Krone Day. In
a -fow days pictures aro oxpooted of
the Italia n-Turklah war and will bo Immediately exhibited.    .
"Th« niflht of Way."
"Truth la Btrnngcr than fiction," Ib
a naylng thnt holds good ln the drn-
ku«.Uc   '^\>.i\i   &&    lltli   UA   iii   CU*)   \>li,Ul
department of life. Often truth and
fiction nro bo Interwovon thnt It Is
ImpoiBlblo to dotcmlno whoro one rndi
nmi the e'her commoni.ii.'
In tho role of Charloy Steele in "Tho
m»ht of Wny," thin thought is oy.
erupllfled very clearly. tUmrloy ro-
c«\vo* n blow on tlw h<wrt In n rlvnr
tavern where ho la drinking brandy.
Tali blow deprives him of bis memory
and for three yean he llvoi an entirely
now life la a new world. At the ond
of thH time a furgical op«r*Mon m>
ntoro* bU memory and ho !nnf»n»Fy
continues ipealdnK the unfinished ion*
lenco which wns   interrupted   three
Here it is. Waiting for 11
WANTBD—Olrlifor general houiic
vrortt      Aftplv, Mrn. Fr«»d JnhnRon.
LOST—In the vicinity of Central
School, pair of gold rlmmod Bitectacloi
In case. Return to J. W. Qulnney and
got roward*,, ' 17-tf
Marry—Why remain lonely?. The
TrioiO Tntrflduetlon Club lends to hnppl-
neuB. A strictly" private, hlgb-clnw,
up-UHlftte medium for properly introducing worthy, marriageable peoplo ef
any nationality, religion, ace or financial condition. Many people wait-
inf. rich and poor. Particular* froo.
Plain, B«aIod onvolopo. I. C. Wilson.
Uox 177fl, .Vancouver, D. O.       SM7
"FOR SALE—Subject to short lcaeo,
Houso and Lot corner Rlvorbhnlc Avo.
nnd Prior Streot. Apply to L. P. Hck-
pedigree Alrdnlo Ditch,    Any Information loading to tho recovery of
snmo will bo nppreclntod by W. Par.
noil, West Pernio.
W. Pnrnoll, Pernio, B.C.
TO RENT—-Two-roomed Plnstoral
House, with coal Iioubo, toilet and
water. Apply, R. Wright, West
Pernio, lfi-St
HOUSEKEEPER —For group of
eight or ten men. Fitat-class refer-
enren: experlfineoili mirtrtle-NKml: re-
ruble.    Apply, »„ co, Ledger Office.
;    1C-1    '
FOUND-Whlte null Terrier. Dy
payment for tblu ad, and applying
to Wm. Cole, Annex, owner can recover tho animal; otherwise, unless
claimed within four weeks will bo
kept by finder. n.p,
TO RENT—(Furnished) 1 or 2 rooma
and kitchen; bath and electric light;
Victoria Avenue, two blocks north ot
school.     Apply Ledger office.  8t,p.
WANTBD—Housekeeper for 'VotIo
logman; widower with two children.
Apply, P. O. Box, 102, City.
FOR nENT—ElKht-room<*t modern
IIoubo on Macpbersen Avouue, ?i0 per
month,   "Apply, Creti and Moffalt."
.-- .if 'H.V-
toxyiutoweiafr^nKi^wmmmtmtm *.**- m<BfcjjQS,V
7-y77r\ ■-,&*•
7;- 7~vy'J
.- .      ' -.  ,..*!l
<7 7
*:7   j,--' :",'7\ : ?' 'T77-. -7' 7y'7 77*;';y ^..  77,7y 7^"7Y' '■ l-        7", :-y.^7.7 'J}-^<.y~  ■.".   '7-^7.7^^     "'"7^77;.:"''.   \   ';    „  -y "'    '   !'    '.-/';  7.'.''-', *.    '  '    ,. ***\      '•-'■:"'       , '" ' i'
»■'" «bm;'hbb * y^77 7y$y-y~7-o       - 'r7diB^" -'.  ^psK«g«m^g"|7/%?;yy7;'--" -   »-"-. ■"■■■^7 j»   "-"Vya <% ". ji -'      '.   ^mmm 7. - ~; *•:
***ft**'**frfcft>k^ .
,♦♦;♦*♦ *V ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'<► ♦ «►
II -.-
IV,   -
i-V -
7   delivered  .to1 ;all
'"*   'parts of-the town:','-'
i v   "1 i      i>  ,. *        ' ,   "       , • ' '
■-'        '--.v- " ~ 1 ' "   '
u,        '.        -       -..       -■-..-•
Sanders & Verhaest  Brothers
' ►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦'♦♦♦
ti- '■
1   .  .   -- * - *
Aarent 9 Fernie'
♦ ♦♦-♦♦,♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ /   W.":*-    A- '•"•-./' :*
♦ ,-   .'CORBIN   NOTES      Cs ♦
♦* -, "' .'   ,. By "Warbler.".' \„ y'.' ♦
♦ d" :■'--7''•:,,-• --   ;  y  -.- 77 ♦
♦ <"► ♦.^♦^- ♦. ♦ "V «►''♦':♦' ♦
If some of the public' spirited men
that took7 an".interest in.bringing,".the
strike to a close would also take an
interest in the miners'; that "have been
discriminated against and'study their
cases a little, they would know what a
feeling of revenge some"'of,the operators bave for any man that has taken
an interest In the -Union' and tried
to make conditions a.little better for
themselves and their fellowmen. Ah,
., G. C. Egg, general representative
of the I. C' S., was' here doing business "on Friday last.   . ",   -    7,.
The Xmas Tree committee are busily' engaged tties days making prepara-
|  WM.     BARTON I
Branch -  ,.
■ '   ;'--■•--"'>•
Ave    North > ■
..i -7,'7.7 7 J
$»¥¥»¥*¥ ¥ »**»*.» »¥**»»»»¥*¥
. Bar' supplied with the £ best Wines,
-Liquors "and Cigars.-'
tions.for .the coming festivities,
.. A number of the boys ,that are
interested .in dancing volunteered
their- services on Sunday last to put
a newflbdr in" .the Corbin Social Club.
We understand the coal company, gave
the lumber free of charge.. No doubt"
some* bf the householders would -be
pleased-to bear of the' coal company
extending their generosity a little further by handing out,ac little lumber
so that they would be protected,from'
the severe .weather.       ., '   ". ,
' We" regret to hear that.Mr. James
Hall, schoolmaster,.who has been here
for the past fifteen months, is about
to leave', us, for New Zealand.' .yir.
Hail has been a vey popular" and efficient teacher.' " We wish him a plea^
sant voyage arid success'in his future
undertakings, •,.    '"".     -■   -
0 The dance that "was given.- by, the
Corbln Social Clubi on Saturday was
quite a success.. The music was supplied by tProf. Barlass's.Orchestra, and
was of a-very-high.-order." - T..W.-
Davies /acted as M. cl in a very able
manner..- 7 7   y.     7"' ,,7  -■   •"
A certain young" man suggests that
au in the,habit of eating garlic' should
use Sen-sen two hours before attending the,dances7 -■ 7' ' 77' '
. M. Jack Crooks and wife have arrived ".here from Minnesota, and.intend making, this *.place/their future
home.     - ...  * ,o-. 7-     , ■, •«*       :
Murphy C. P. R. agent, and 'sincerely
hope for. her-recovery. 7 7-771,
7 Mr. and Mrs.:E. .K.. Stewart,"7*of
Fernie, were .visitors here Tuesday...
.-'Miss Alice"Parsons arrived;"here on
Monday 'from Revelstoke ", to '*; spend*
Christmas .with her parents.'* '--.y
Mr. Nat Evans, late of Corbin, and
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦"♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ •» ♦
♦ -«.
♦ COAL. CREEK  BY  174      ,♦
♦ ■■■*" ■- ■* •*': -9 y" *♦
; No. 5 Mine was idle last Friday on
'account of the fan ,belt breaking in
the early morning! ' The company in-
lately of Kenaston, Sask', was .a* visl-1 tend running this-fan-with ropes in
tor here Sunday. Nat.has been" down | place of belts to r prevent the recur-
amongst the farmers and says he liked ^rence of these delays,
r .   ■   \      ."■'
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms/Best of
Food and every
THOS. DUNCAN    Passburg
erous. ' Another one has arrived on
W.Sproules Ranch.' -- 7 ■■<>...''",'.
,The numerous friends of D..J. McDonald'" (Vancouver) formerly checkwelghman,in Michel, are'glad to hear
he Is recovering his" health after' a
severe attack, of typhoid gever. 7 "
7The"Rev.-Hainill," of Crow's Nest,
conducted service liere on Sunday
last., ..    ,    .■ 'K       '-,
Only'a, very-smalL.nu'mber of the
members of tho Union voted at the
election for District nnd International.
Officers. On account of the 'local
secretary being forbidden by the management to go on the coal company's
proporty he. was unable to giyb ,the
election proper publicity,     ,  ■ '
An old timer,,-well known through
tho Pass aB Missouri Bill, is amongst
us talcing in the sights. .
Quito a number of moii and their
famlllos havo moved from hero since
tlie termination ot tho strike, owing to
the conl' company refusing to omploy
them again on account of belli g mombors ot thb minerfl' union,  -
Mrs. Matthew Bn 11 loft horo on Monday inst tb visit"friends In'Michel.
Mr. Robort Strnclmn, District Mlno
Inspector, wns hero on Tuesday last
looking through tho mines,
the work, only they have a way down
there of putting three shifts iiitb one—
24* hours ~por day.-        , <7     7 (,
Mr. George Luck, of" Maple Leaf,
wasva visitor here SUnday and looking
up old friends.- * ^"  .
t Mr., John Owens left;- Wednesday
Bight for Coleman, where he is to be
married Christmas Day.- We wish
Yorkie and the intended Mrs.1 Yorkle
health, wealth and" happiness. 77
^Mr.- Dougall Barrett, who 'for • tlie
past eight' months has been baching
it has at last been ousted out of his
quarters by Jack Frost. Dougall said
he didn't'mind the water, freezing^ but
(it',was a bit of a caution when the
fire froze.- ,   ,  -,  7
"Mr, John Norboe, who for the past,
two months has been trapping up on
the Bull River," arrived in town with
a nice bunch of ~ furs, having got' 9.
lynx,'Smarten and 9 weasels. ,.vNot
at all bad'for'the length of time out..
, Mr. Pete' Zoratti, the genial, landT,
lord of the Hotel. Venizia, has a champion wrestler at his place named Bruin
Hackenomidt.' 7 (J. IL is "thinking' of
going down to take' a few lessons.)
Mr.' Harry Hutson left for Hosmer,
Saturday. . Harry's motto is0 "Keep
a-moving.'7'  v .
_--Now,that-the hunting season is over
all that the miners can'do is to talk of
their luck or ill-luck; as. the case may
be. (We've had some of the latter,
but proceed.) ' Wm. Savage; a, noted
hunter, reports as follows: /'Never
had such- beastly, luck in all my life;
every time I jumped a deer, I„ fired
and missed'them.'V "Why did you
not keep'a shooting, Bill?" "Well, I
did," replied Bill,'"but hit them in the
same .place."-    "(The wings?) -.
Dick Beard, another famous hunter
(and crack shot)' also haiHiis troubles
this foil,. having* killed' several "deer,
but a'.-'such a long distance away that
Arthur Harrison,- who was engaged
bringing goods up for the Fernie Cooperative Society, had aWsty spill going down.the hill from the High Line
last Friday afternoon, through some
kid's being on the'hill at the time with
sleighs. The only damage done was
tne breaking of about two, dozen eggs.
- Mr. Huntington/'of Fernie, Trltes-
Wood Co., was .up here on business
last Friday afternoon. o
/Albert Moses returned here from
Michel last week end. No place like
Coal_Creek for him., - *-
' A'German "employed as a, digger In
No. 3 mine got his right-leg crushed
with" a car last Thursday afternoon.
Mr. Ed. Bridge, formerly pit boss at
No. 1" South, up 'here, arrived back
in,Camp last week after spending the
summer on his ranch at Creston, -' He
has" started, work as a shot-lighter in
the mine again. " /
. "Mr and.Mrs. W. H;>Bugbee left-here
last-Monday to spend Christmas at
their", old" hoine in Ontario. ..
-', Last Saturday being pay day and" the
first one for a longtime, the 6 o'clock
train for Fernle,.was "packed from end
to end 'by Creekites going to Fernie
to see the Xmas decorations in and
around the" local stores. The crowd
coming ;home by the' midnight special
was very orderly, except for one or
two noisey individuals who always like
ing,- ' Empty vessels make the most
noise!        .        " ". '-    .
to hearlthemselves talking and shout-.
" Walter Hill-'arrived' back in camp
last week after, spending the last few
months at thecoast district.
■ The annual.meeting of the C. C. L.
and A. A. was held-in, the Club Hall,
last Sunday afternoon with the President,' Jno.' Shariks,"'in the chair. After
the usual routine of business) nominations' tools ^place* for the election' of
officers .'for.*.the "ensuing .year. . Mr.'
Shanks was' elected by acclamation.'
•' The coal company's plumber is very
busythese days putting taps and sinks
".n'to.the houses previously without
these conveniences. ■        '
' _ Wm,, ■ Barton, the Singer Machine
man,-was around camp again this
week' " Now, ladles,, if you want, a
good machine William is.th'e man that
can bring* you. one ~bri the shortest
notice - or if you have one that is not
working properly, he will tune it up
for you in quick time. .
' We are pleased to report tnat Mrs.
J., Flemmingjs rapidly improving"in
the hopital, and hopes to be able to
get home ln a short while!    '"
'  Finest building between Lethb.'idgt,
and Fernie, located at Hillcrest, Alta.,
the property of Local 1058.    Building
80 x  33, with  concrete foundation;
basement,.40 x 33.   A cash store preferred.    This is a splendid opportunity for, any one.:"   The coal company
here are now spending-a big sum on
development work.   .
, Full particulars from the secretary,
JOHN TAYLOR,        ,   '
•-,■*"   Recording Secy,
L. E. McDonald
♦.♦ ♦ ♦ ♦'■♦.♦ ♦.♦ ♦ ♦*♦
♦» - ♦
♦ , ♦
♦ -♦; ♦.,♦ ♦♦.♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
1 Tlie mines are going full swing and
have, reached' their normal capacity.
At present the output,surpasses anything heretofore accomplished in the
history of the A7R, P. 1. Collieries.
Tho men here have had all manner bf
justico meted out to them by the
management since resumption of work,
all heir old employees getting the preference, They were placed' before
any.new men wora engaged, and'oven
the' latter, are gettiu.-; due consideration as they come along. Tho man
signed first is set on as work turns up
fo." him, no matter who or what he is.
There is a good spirit being shown
amongst the men towards tho union.
Last week we Increased tho member-
Bhip fully ono hundred, and this week
we aro still adding' to 'our numbers.
v. , , &
Last week International Board Member C. Garner and organizer Karl
Theodorovich and .L^Moore succeeded
in'organizing the men at tbe Pioneer
mine, and were also successful in
reaching a very favorable agreejnent
signed with the'management on Monday'last giving the'men an' Increase
of 8 per cent all round:;» "
Mrs. S. Jennings, Proprietress
Express and  Delivery Wagons, a
Speciality    .-
, According to The Week, of "Victoria,
the McBride' Government will go to
me country the* last week in March.
The provincial government is to meet
on January 11, and it is an open secret
that a redistribution bill, based,""on the
recent Dominion'Census will be passed.
them,' He Is now-using a salty* solution in.which to ' soak' his bullets
so that hereafter the', game may - be,
preserved when he' gets to it.,, (The
Editor,is having suitable diploma engraved for'you, Mr. Correspondent!)
, Slim is "another who* failed to get
any game this season. His last trip
out ended ln coming home as usual
with nit, so he" took revenge on the
cat.. (Thank goodness that's all!)-
- )a dance was held on Tuesday night
by the Italian Society in'the-Hotel
Venezia Hall. > A very enjoyable time
was. spent. "n ,,,'.,.' ,-
A billiard handicap is In full swing
nt M. Taylor'B Pool Room in New Michel, Some good prizes, aro being
given and koen interest Is tho result.
• Miss Jeannio Clare is now waitress
at Campbell's. Boarding House.
Messrs. Jones, Ilnrpor, and Martin
left Sunday last for tho West, but
only got ns far as Spanvobd or thereabouts.
\  '-  . - '   , .   „  .    >   ■     0
Insurance, Real Estate
*■'--'. .     / .   ■ y.y
, v ■   ^, -   •"''"■    . . ~      ■ ' 7    7 - ■ *
and Loans   7
or Rent
Pollatt Avonuo, Fernio
Furnished or unfurnished
Rare Snaps
In City Property
Give us a Call
Insurance    Real Estate
Owlnp; to M10 rocclit strlko Michel can't boast of a skating rink this
season. Howovor, t01d 13111 Torter
(The Accomodating) was out on Prl-
dny and Saturday fixing nnd flooding
hb far as poBsiblo wlmt Ico thoro In
on tho crook. Anyone using this Ico
nhould hand Porter a fow, ub IiIb time
both In the past nnd at present in
mostly Bpcnt in keeping up the sport
In Mlchol.
Mr, Q. I). Stcadmnn, ot tho Hotel
Kootonny, hns, so It Is reported bought
tho Mlchol Reportor, which Is nt pro*
Bent undor tho nble managomont of
Mr. Molkle.
It fashion In Michel keeps going
backward some ot the boyn mny stand
a show yot. This weolc It was n Blnglo
rig, noxt week wo can oxpoct a wlieol-
barrow! '   '
Mr. Wm. Moon lias bought the busl-
nutta 01 tne geiuui Alci^itueru, career,
ul .\<.-»r ilkln.), irLokuu win io Jhti
with his parents near Edmonton. Wo
wish William luck tn his net* enter
Tho result of tho cttoclcwolgholoc-
iiOi» 'tiUklll '11 a* i<V.\i Oil  iVulKAU'J   \l\.U
was as {follows:
T. A. Campbell ...',.,.,i...   52
T, 0. Harries    40
T. 0. Harries  '.   «
J, Hadden ,    30
Jove*   ,'..'.    34
Gaul      30
OelinhoTin   ', y!1
Julian   .....   SO
Elms    18
.Porter    14
Spoilod ballots .,     7
Campbell tod Hsrrlet w«r« declared
We sr© sorry to learn of the serious
Illness of Mrs. Murphy, wlfo of T. E.
An Interesting Method bf Raising Revenue Has Been Adopted In
.VIENNA, Dec. 20.—A number of proposed new taxes nnd Increases In existing taxes which Dr. Mayer, tho Austrian minlstor of finance, haa just laid
boforo tho parliament nro required to
moot a threatened deficit of about $20,-
Tho two chief Items of increased ox*
poiiao are the rlso in the payment ot
tho stnto officials, including tho railway employees, who recently threatened a general Btrlko, and tho Increased
expenditure oh military and naval arm*
arnonts. Tlio minister of finance pro-
Posob to obtain ?iri,000f000 by nn Increase ot Indirect taxation. Tho excise duty on brandy Is to bo rnlsori by
rnoro than BO por cent. Tho tax on
lagor boor Is to bo ralsod by about
40 por cont., and tho tax on champagne* Is oIro to be raised.
Tho Incomo from direct taxation Is
only expected to yield 15,000,000 moro
thnn beforo, but thero   nro   novernl
points of Intercut In tho now,, Impost.
Tbo progressive Incomo tax on largo!
fflrtiin** 1« tn hfi 1«or/*i«M tn «\ *nnv|-
mum raiffl ef fl% per 'wmt. ffurth^r,
the so-cnllod •'bachelors' tax" Is to
bo introduced, by which persons who
havo no oae to maintain but themselves have to pay a surtax ot 15 nor
cwit. on tholr inromn tnr whllo thn«»
who have to provide for ono othor
poison—c. g„ a childless married man
—must pay. 10 por cent oxtra.
A Tax on All Bets
A new source of Incomo for tho state
f* nn » por c«nt tax ore nil bets mnda
with bookmakers at races, This and
nn lacronso Jn the existing aliarc that
tbo slate takes In the profit of tlm
pari mutusl, or toUillmtour, is oxpect-
led to brins; In an sddltionnl f&OO.OOO,
Tbo fees psyabto on insuranco policies
»nd (be'lax on ibe remunf-milon <">f
oompimy Mrootorn nro nine to be Increased. Finally, th« introduction of
n, match monopoly U proposed.
There were two,nominations for Vice;,
PreBident,--.whicb. resulted , in George
O'Brien-'s.election. „ W. It. Puckey
was elected, secretary, and. Robert'
Johnstone'as treasurer. Assistant secretary, Jos. Buchanan; D. F. Marklarid
and Robt. Forsyth auditors; board of
management:, James McPherson,, Steve
Hall, Robt; Billsborough, Jos. Worth-
ington; Joe McMillan, Win. Tinkler, T.
France and J. Hewitt,
■; After the election it was decided to
have tournaments for, turkeys between
Xmas .and New Year Day. The Xmas
tree forTtho-children will'be held" on
Saturday afternoon, Dec. 23rd, commencing at 2 o'clock in- the afternoon.
Tho old original Santa Claus has
promised to be ln attendance.
Coal Creole Methodist Sunday School
will glvo a grand concert In tlie church
on December 25th, commencing at
7,30. Programme will consist of vocal
nnd instrumental solos,, recitations,
also a fairy operetta, onlitlod "Tho
Fairy Ring," and a dramatic sketch entitled "The Outcast," Chairman, Mr.
Tom Reld. Collection will ho tnkon at
the door.-
Miss M, Lowe has securer] the position of caBhlor in the Trltes-Wood
Stove up horo.
Joe Wilson and Thos. Glover returned again last week from tho South
Fork where thoy captured two flno
bucks and one doe,
. Mrs. Job, Knowles and family arrived back hero from the coast on
Monday nnd aro again located in tholr
old homo.
Mr. II. StOYonson, the now Presbyterian MlnlBtor, arrived up hero last
week-end nnd has taken up IiIb duties
at once. He will find rjulto a chnngo
up hero to tho buny llfo In Vnncouver
no doubt,
Mr. II. Cnuflold pnld a short visit
up here last week-ond to mako arrangements for tho shipping of hlfl'fiirnltiire
otc, to Michel, Mrs. Cnuflold and
family are leaving this weok-end for
their now homo,
Mr. David Mnrlln has soourod two
weeks' vncntion and loft horo on Wednesday ovenlnu to visit his father who
Ib seriously, 111 in Ohio, It is fifteen
years since Drive saw his father so it
would not bo strnnRe lf(thoy should
senrcoly roooftnlzo ono nnotlior,
James Stowart is Jn charge ot No.
Mbiiey :tb Loan on first class Biisi-
■v,  -.'>.>   .. . '   -1 " -. ' ' "    ,
-ness and Residential property  '
And   Nothing- but the Best in Fresh
y<  and    Smoked    Meats,   Fresh    and
Smoked Fish, Dairy Produce, Poultry
Etc.   Etc., go to
THE 41    MARKET   CO.
ALEXANDER LAIRD, Oenwal Manager'     <
CAPITAL, - $10,000,000     . REST, -   $8,000,000
Every branch of The Canadian Bank of Commerce ls equipped to issue drafts oa
the principal cities In the following countries without delay i
Africa Crete Oreoot N«w ZcaiuA
Arabia . Cuba HollaiU
Argentina Rtpubue Dtnmaric letlaai
Autlnlla KfVPt. '«'"•
Au.trla-Hunfary   ran* laUM*      - IralaaJ
IlelliiiM PinUaJ Italy
Jlraill VormoM Japaa
llultaria Franca Java
Oy'aa Vr'ch Codda China Malta
Cli II Otrmany   . Handiwta
China Gr«»t llrllala Maifco        	
The amount of these drafts Is stated in the MMuy of Uie country where they are p*y.
able | that Is they ere drawn In sterling, frsnes, marks, lire, kronen, florins, yen,
taels, roubles, etc, as the case may be. This sniurM that tbe payee abroad will
receive the actual amount Intended. AU1
FERNIE BRANCH L, A. 8. DACK,  Manager.
South Africa
tlralu SaUiaoiMta
Turk ay
Indlw, ale.
Rates $1.50 and up
Hot and Cold Water »
Electric Lighted
Steam Heated. '       -   -
.'Phone In every room.
Sample Rooms on Main
Business Street. - «
Meal Tickets, $6.00 '
Special Rates by the week and
the tnonth and to Theatrical par-
ties.   Try our
Special Sunday-
Dinner 50c    :
The finest of Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and^ obliging wine clerks.   .
Nowhere in the Pass can- be
found  in such a" display of
-. We have the best mojiey
can buy of Beef, Pork, Mutton, Veal, Poultry,. Butter,
Eggs/Fish, "Imperalor Hams
and, Bacon" Lard, Sausages,
Weiners and Sauer Kraut.
Calgary Cattle Co.
Wholesalo and Retail
Barber Shop    -,
Shoe Shine
Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Hazel wood Buttermilk
Victoria Avenue
FERNIE, B. C.       Phono 34
A ^1
<'p   i '   '/'".;if|
|y  nrllni;  ns' flrr tirrnn
Wslrlct Ilonrd Member P. H. Smith
hns bon owny on important business
nil this wook Attending R convention
nt Ymlr.
our provlnclrtl pollcotnjpn, nrrlvod up
horo this weolc from Lnncnshlro, Kiik-
A \ory foolish young mnn boarding
up horo wns not content with pultlnB
hi* hnndA Into hla own poek«ts, hut
Bocs and puts them Into somo ono oJmjs
with tho romi)i'' that lir» wnn raii^ht
tho third lloio And was tulion nway
on Wotlnodny to N«lion to do thirty
days' work for tbo govoramont.
City Lots, $400 and $450
nowaiwwHHKwr^HA >*=H«t«.^*-u
Sfiffons Gups
hvabs r mif*UQ i^*r.*TiiR lungs
Payments   Easy
For full particulars apply to ,.
Union Lctnci l/0.9 neis,!^ B.t.
ii ^TVT-'CcTy-.'-rs-..
inwi>ir»iiti rM'""'f"iH"''"'*''''Jfi'",*T" wa.».^jM**.iTiM».
.'S "■'' - ;y*y,7	
,' "   THE biSTEICT LEPQEBT FEBHIE, B. b./'KEC'EMBER^, JOJi " :5v^79J^7y .-Vy^wS^ -'^ X'--7W7 77. *"; TV j' .vC y {^iy^'^-'   '-1,:
IA Tnp Across^ the ConlffieM
■*y, '•    -   «.*    __  -      - , ;--  yy        '     '--.-. .-i-;   , _   70;7y;-yy   ^. ■"'-' *'.
- k¥»¥»"»¥¥¥W¥¥¥,¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥'"^^ *
;     '     By J. W. Bennett      7 ,  -.
1 'A journey across the Canadian.con-
otlnent is to-day so commonplace that
one scarcely deems the events of such
a trip worthy of more than passing
notice;'-'nevertheless there is an individuality about each journey, that
makes it stand forth prominent" in the
traveler's mind even though the narration he of but slight interest to,the,
reading public, and being afflicted with
an attack bf the cacoethes scribendi, a
case of habit (hope he hasn't taken
a turn for the worse), second nature
■will attempt a short review of the journey from the~one extremity, of Canada's broad dominion to the far point
or jumping off place known as Halifax.
The usual quota of friends at the depot, "to wish us "bon voyage," characteristic of departure, the handclasp as
one stands upon the platform of the
car when the train commences to
move; the wave of the hand or the
handkerchief—all necessary accompaniments of such an occasion—were
in, evidence:     -    <■
At some of the stations, along the
route, we,observed friends with" whom
■we chatter until the* conductor sings
' out "All aboard!" when, as wo have
reached the outer zone bf our acquaintances, sink back into tbe cushions
and engage in conversation with' the"
. next'of seat passenger, or try,to become interested in the. perusal of a
hook; this latter, however, is somewhat difficult, as thoughts with lightning swiftness and kaleidoscopic variety
obtrude themselves into the think pan.
' A'sojourn to the smoking compartment* where we listen to the banalities
of the ordinary mortal about crops,
- condition.of markets, etc., but jn all
the conversations the keynote is the
dollar and cent question.      Sleep at
■ last begins to make itself within measurable distance, and* the black porter, showing 'by his actions that he
would be pleased to see his usual sleeping quarters vacated, we take the hint
and retire to the berth assigned, and
after a brief spell tired nature'asserts
_ itself and we are in the land of dreams.
- The novelty of the journey   or,- ■ the
- strangeness  of he r situation," arouses
ono from slumber somewhat earlier
than under normnl conditions. Yet
as it ls too early to arise .tho hotter
plan is to Ho quietly nnd await tho
break of day. And what a glorious
sight unfolds itself boforo our gaze as
Old Sol begins to mnko his prosenco
known by dnrllng forth his rays nbovo
tho horizon. To picture adequately a
sunrise on ,tho prnlrlo demands Inn-
Bungo far boyoml thb scope of our
mediocre Imagination, accompanied hy
tho brush of a landscape artist of exceptional ability, honco self-conscious-
nosH .compels us lo refrain from furtli-
or comment, suvo to say to bo appreciated must bo witnosBCd,
""First cull for breakfast!" breakH
upon our reveries, whon donning lmbll-
-montH (although not with tlio samo
onflo and rapidity that Is possible nnd-
. or normal conditions) wo hlo to tho
washroom, Tho mornlnii nblutioiiH
porformod, wo visit tlio dining car to
pnrtnko of tho dully Inltlul repast. The
service on tho 0. I\ It. hnH boon ro-
pontodly described, therefore soo no
JiocoBHlty to add nny remarks except
on pnRHitnt to nlludo to that atoroo-
typed subject of tipping, which: theoretically Ih not necessary, hut prnetlf*
nlly Is PHsontlnl, bocnuso tho railroad
' compnnlOH know full woll that tho wagon pnld to llwi wallow nro ho small
thnt. In ordor to llvo thoso mon must
obtnln gratuities from tho guests.
In Alborta nnd Saskatchewan, nlong
tho lino of travel, wo notlrwl thousands of bushels of grain and flax
which if not entirely destroyed woro
nnrlmifilv rlntnnervl l»« tkr. pmi™. «.fn
ther, nnd upon onaulrlm? tho o*t*nt
of tho Injury, woro informod by two
farmers who boarded tho train at
Maplo Crook, thnt It was In the neighborhood of OS to 70 por cont.
Moose Jaw, from npTwnrnnr**. In <w
tlio ©vo of n porlod of Activity; build-
Ing and excavating bolng noticeably
Only 30 minutes stay In Winnipeg
afforded, but scant, opportunity for
slght-soolng, a hurried visit to tho
main atrcet and Lack to tho at allon.
From Winnipeg cant, for s long dis-
Cuuui Lli*j vl«w from tlie windows la
monotonous, At somo point in Northern Ontario the report was tv-rofred
thnt King Ocorgo had been eerlomly
wounded at Delhi. This then becomo
n topic ot conversation. A little fur-
Uwr «ut the I'cvwii wu* bu*biu*i{Mi
by tbo addition of more minute deUUs
ttnl bis collapse was a question of b».t
"a short time,.'as" he. was bleeding Internally, and at Cartier the news^vas
learned that he had been assassinated.
These were subsequently, found -to be
untrue"; but such persistence might probably be traced to have' originated
with some of the' "highly "respectables
on ' Change,".. who wished .to • take advantage of a panicky, state oik the
money market- " >'  y/ .
Sunday in Montreal, "with" the - atmosphere oppressive,' the sidewalks
greasy and the odors In the manufacturing districts similar to tho'so of
Verona, the effect'upon the spirits vas
not one of blesthomeness, but per contra after the .bracing breezes of tho
weEt was decidedly wet blankottiiied
(tin': droit reserve). -The build.iigs
are bulltt solidly and many new onss
are in process of construction, bul
th.»lr appearance l-i gveatly marred bt
the narrowness,of the streets.
, "On St. Catherine's Street, one of
the principal thoroughfares, the mud
had^been squeezed by the passing vehicles to a close proximity on .either
side, and a, rapidly speeding automobile passing up or "down would cause
a spurt of mud to be ejected, -which
a pesser-by walking too close to the
kerb might have^the Ineffable pleasure
of being converted into, a perambulating conveyor of t Montreal real estate
in liquid form-until'it became caked
on his clothing. v  ,
Canadian French is very much' in
oral evidence, and as there is a Reform Mayor now in civic control, incongruities incident to a, Sabbatarian
policy are en regie. One can have
his shoes shined at any hour of the
day but .the. other extremity—the face
—cannot be„touched by a barber unless he incurs^the risk of being fined
for plying his trade. ' Moving picture
shows are well patronized, but theatres are closed. Children* under 15
(unless accompanied by. their parents)
are prohibited from attending places
of amusement. _ ■* -,*
"We were glad when night came and
once more found us at "Windsor Station and aboard^of the train. After'
leaving the .Province" of Quebec, early
morning, „we were told that until we"
were in the State pf Main, which biitta
in at considerable length'between the
"Province of. Quebec ■ and New" Bruns-.
wick (for' further enlightenment on
except small packages here and .there,
were to -be • seen on New 'Brunswick,
but instead fields of green grass'upon
which cows and sheep .and "" horses
placidly grazing, we passed in rapid
succession, arriving at St. John'about
noonday. ' Forty minute's' stay here
and then'once more-we proceeded
eastward, reaching Halifax at 10
o'clock. The only incident out of the
ordinary that happened en route was
the board went up .against us ns we
wero pulling out of Dorchester, and
upon going back to ascertain the cause
found that a passenger, in attempting
to board tho moving train, had narrowly escaped injury, but fortunately a
sever shaking was all he received,
coupled with temporary disgust upon
finding himself left ..behind, but the
quick action ot a railroad employee
made his mortification of short duration,
Halifax is roportod to havo about
50,000 Inhabitants, and is nn active
Maritime port; also horo wo <snw'tho
NIobo pnlnted In. funereal color lying
in tho dry dock incapacitated bocauso
of Injuries received off Sablo Island
some time ago, placing 50 por cent, of
Cnnndn's orabryonlo navy hors do combat, Tho military ami,naval element
is qulto prominent horo; hotels aro
numerous, prices of commodities vory
low, with tholr consequent effect upon
wngos. As tho timo now approaches
for ,our departure, must brill* thoso
rambling remarks to a cIoho nnd mnko
th'j nocossary preparations f-*r goirg
aboard tho C.N.R, rv^nnior "Royal
Ooorgo," which leaves tonight at 10
p.m. (Hon, 13) with .150 each first nnd
second class pnsHeiigcti'if., and over
1,000 third, for hor slv (lays' trip to
Hilstol, Englnnd.
Record Shipments at Sydney Mines;—
7 '    Demand and Supply ' '"    *"_ "
*;"Never.before in this history of Cape-
Breto'n^havecoal shipments been so:
large' as' they are- at present..'. At"- the
cbllieries'of the Nova-Scotia Steel and
Coal Company at' Sydney Mines, where
a "brief while ago 100,000 tons of coal
were piled up, to-day very lltle is left.
In fact.everyT'colliery of the chain'of
six are working day and night to turn
out sufficient,coal to fill they orders'
already booked.      7,     "      .     '
But even with all this activity, contracts could not be filled without resorting to the ..American coal fields;'
and for the first ,tlme in many years
the'Nova Scotia Steel & Coal Co have
been obliged tb purchase a shipment of
Pennsylvania coal for one"of their customers, while another of the chartered
collieries had to take a cargolfrom the
Dominion Coal, Company.
,' All this, in view of the fact thai during the-month of October the output
of the Scotia Company was several
thousand tons greater than - for the
month previous goes to show that the"
demand is gerater'than the supply. No
doubt the fact that nearly CJ000 tons
net. of shipping was in port on one day,
to a great extent intensifies.the situation, as each steamer, riot to spealOof
the large fleet of sailing craft, required an immense.quota of coal. ■„ - 7
The-Nova.Scotia-Steel and Coal Co.
is doing well," the output for October
ana September being as follows:
'• '*?■■ 7SOI.O EVERYWHERE'^ *"*
now- a Bureau^ bf l-MIries,!;'whicli. has
not been in existence'long enough to
good- it' eventually.
Resolution jfor Royal Commission
Introduced in the House of
. Commons
Joseph Armstrong, of East Lambton,
has given notice in the" House of Commons, Ottawa, bf a resolution'calling
for the appointment of a commission
to investigate the systems of national
telegraphs '. and telephones, -• wireless
telegraphs and cables, also postal conditions,' laws'and regulations, -parcel
post, means of collecting and distributing-mails, wit^.a view to submitting
such data and information to the post
office department as .would help to improve existing-conditions in-all the
above, and to further-Inquire into the
postal-facillties'in the rural districts
in other .countries in order that "a better system of .free-rural mail delivery
may be inaugurated.. ,    ',
V                                l
Oct.  '
Ore mined •'...-..-...-
CoaCmined ..:	
Pig iron  .-.	
7,253  .
Steel billets '.'..".'....
." 6,091
Bars and plates ....
Shipments of steel etc
In several cases the October figures
are-new high records.
'".We,.have this^week received pamphlet of the Labor;(British)" Party outlining the subject matter of the forthcoming* annual"* conference'to be held
In Birmingham, "Wednesday, January
24th; 1912, ahd.the.two following days:
-The minimum wage of 30s. per week.
■^Tfie^TTgEl^t^SfrlEe: "°~" *™ ""
, Condemnation of the use of military
in trade-disputes. t
Protests against militarism and conscription."     ,,
, Workmen's. Compensation.
.  Labor Exchanges .<
Nationalization of railways, mines,
Old age pensions. '
Extension of -the Checkwelghman
Act to Include stone quarries and iron
ore,.etc., etc,7
The above is part of the bill of fare
for tho conference in question, and
will, no doubt, provide excellent material for discussion,
Stoke-on-Troht has been selected for
the 1913 conference.
-   7 .     ,7 SOCIALIST
- "There I found them'-'fighting'to
take, the mother from the mill, "the
factory, the. shop and the-store and
place her In' the spot ordained for her
by the Almighty," her home, where she
could care for her children' Surely'
no destruction of ^home, there. /•'*''-.,
"I realized, my foolishness.. Then
I resolved ho longer to fight the working's of' the Soclalfst party'and sooner
than to come out and openly advocate
Socialism" and thereby heap ridicule
upon my •■ brother* priests who we're'
blindly .fighting that which tliey knew
nothing about, r I'resolved to give'^up
the paper. * ~     '"   '  7 ' ■'
Ho says' further": - - 7 •'' . '" "
"They tell me-1 cannot be a Socialist-and a Catholic at ?the same time:
"When'.dld -Jesus • of- Nazareth, ever say
"Thb'u"- sh'ait' vote the Republican^ or
the Democratic ticket"? ".' -    • ' 7
Herr "August1 Bebel, who has' drawn
Rev.- Father Bowderi, formerly- edit-"
or of the-Catholic Leader, at~Kansas
City, -is7 another, clergymani who investigated a bit-and gained some new
light '■-- '7"-7    .       , -■     '7 .
-For. years' and years, he says, he
"raved.arid' tore'!,, and "preached-;and
wrote against,-: that dreaded',revolu-*
tionary and agitating party, the Socialists," Father,'Bowden continues:' _--
"7"I wrote;.; and '-'preached -Socialism
and common'love; I wrote and preached Socialism-aridatheism; I wrote'and
breached'- Socialism" and the destruction bf the-home:"- ' , '"- y
'""Flnally.i'in" order" to" more clearly'
ness of ■-Socialism, I started to read
Socialist literatures . ' . ,
;. "There'J discovered my miserable
mistake. ".There-'L'found them deal-'
lng with-the causes of the conditions
I wasL so anxious 'to change by silly
reform.'.'.. There;-'l"found them fight-'
ing the same "crime and corruption
■^nly they Thought', for Its abolition,
.' while wo , fought - only to cure it.
There -1 found them advocating, "iot
common love, but brotherly love, trie
fundamental economics of the Cnth
olic Church.'- ^There I found 'them
advocating the elimination of war and
the forcing of. mothers'' sons too boar
arms' and "battle,with other mothers'
sons* at the bidding of their Industrial
masters. "7 /.•,/
7 "Surely no atheism there.
such* a ^terrible* picture of the misery
which"would be caused by a great war,
is one of the"*world's most remarkable
political leaders.^. Entirely self-educated, he began,lifers,a' carpenter,' and
ultimately^entered the German parliament'in 1867. - He came under the'in-
fluence of that famous Socialist, LieV
knecht, and helped to found the Social
Democratic'party. He and Llebknecht
were the only two niembers of the Ger-
,man"parliamerit .who, in 1870, refused
to .vote for the enormous supplies required .for the Franco-Prussian war, a
fact "which made Bismarck very bitter
against them'.' It is said that the-Iron
Chancellor" would cheerfully have hung
Bebel,. if jhe,had had the chance'.to do.
so.'.'In fact he did have Bebel arraign-,
ed and imprisoned for "contemplated-
produce all
will, but it has^oe'enin'existence long
enough for;*ltoct6r,Holme"s_aiid ^his .as-
statements heres made-are. absolutely
cbrrectr./^^These'geritlemen■ are-gov'
ernment officials/?theyf";are iriot' con-
necte^iriiany^way with"tTnining;"eoni:
panies,,tKeyv,"are'men of character-anti
reputatiori'fbr.truth, they are'for the
most' part men 8kTlled'.in"mInirig.'.yif'
the . Attorney-Greneral^bf jthe" United
States, a.member;of-,an-pfficlal'tamlly
rth"at is "at least, supposed'.to assist .ahd"
support the} president- in; his -manifest
desire to; conserve "our, coal resources','*
will consult-these gentlemen,''and-he'
is actuated' by true patriotism, instead
of trying tb make laws more demagogical, than they were ever'intended/to
he, he-will try to have them amended
or- at .least constructed ,so- that they
will riot cause a return to "individual
competition," or as.one able "man'.re-,
ceritly called, it ".competitive"' debauchery ,".^which - is now;, the trouble in
many bituminous; fields arid Is the
cause, of cheap mining methods and
waste, loss to .operators, aand  only
partial time and its consequent depri-,
vatioris,to inirie'workers. --''-'7' ...y,^,1"'
..'"Coal is the greatest]natural*asset
our country'has.   On- it depends more
than; ori any. other, resource'the mater-
ial prosperity "of the country 7 Cheap
coal to the'masses" does riot mean their"
prosperity.7'Coal at reasonable priced
does, and.it, also inearis coriservatibri
of the 'nation's fuel'supply. " Reasonable ^ prices for, bituminous coal - can-
no't-bJB friairitainedjjn'riiost regions by
present rulribus individual c'oriipetltion.
The lawyers who have no compunctions in charging large'arid sometimes
astonndin'g fees for,their own-services,'
,whb at the'instigation of demagogues,
endeavor to., tear [down-.'prbsperity in"
"regions .where it "exists, and.7tb 'prevent its growth where, it'Is'badly needed," cannot be too' severely. criticized.'
"—Mines.and, Minerals.'7y   " *'.     .-
. / JOHN ■AMEBrlk».'8V K » 8
-7 7i,7jVi*^.»Eiifi*r,^f-? .>(<.%_r
Office: HendeworifBieckV: Fernlej b:c>. V
7y R^ide»co:^2li" •Vlcferia;Av«nu«[.iyr,r. y y:
--": .1-:-'.* ■..-,    h
vv, r. Ross K.:a ;,/..*.;.; >7.-w."*8:xwi»^
;.ly-r^y-<tA.iAi"Macdonaid"77-\ 7"'
n--- u v-   ,;.!,_■j}',"*,'-y s??-iri*1K *v--7v "-^--: -'•, --
:■'•'■ A
'Fernie; J9.\C7*
-y.^ BarrlsteMt-Law^SoJicitor,•' -yy
7: -• ---' 'I  '    >■-_'* •-":'-' ~j." *;v * '.' -   "'-' ~:.S "\'
Alex? I. Fisher
.By Jesso Falos
From Part 2 Labor, of tho Mlnos
nnd QunnioH General Iloport, It Is ns-
corlalnnd thnt tlio totnl number of
pcirons employed at mines nnd nt tho
quarries under tho Quitrrkm Act In the
United Kingdom una tho Isle of Man
durlntr 1010 wns 1,103,920 (1,078,083 nt
mines nnd 85,837 nt quarries), or n
not Incroaso of 37,548 porsons ns compared with tho prownllng yonr (\\ri„ an
IncroriBO of 35,018 nt mlnos nnd 1,000
at quarries,    Of tho persons employed
, - ■ ■     • - -- - *.>. *-«..-.,
nnd J15.MR nbovo rrnund.    Of 1hr> lnl-
tor 0,40-1 were females.
Thero woro 1,300 separate fatal accidents in and nbout mines and quarries, causing tho loss of 1)002 lives,
or nn lnr>rr>n«V> of W. fntilttlr>« no pr*»«.
pared with tho previous year. Of
these nccldents, 1,280 causing tho Ions
of 1,818 lives, happened at mines, nnd
80. causing the loss of 84 lives, happen*
«*1 at quarries, or, expressed In tr-rms
of the number of persons employed,
th* tWtftth r*nt<* trom accidents por 1000
persons at All mines was underground
l.ttli (or surfare and underground
l.CSfl) for 1910. ss compared with 1.621
nndcrftrrmnd (or MM *t surfar* and
underground) for 1301
(With No Apologies to Mr. Kipling.)
,     - ' ,- ■'
When lho truth was shown tho poet,
,   that of every living ■ kind  i •
Natural lnw endowed the fomale with
tho vicious, subtle rnlnd;     " *''
Then he added to his laurels, slurring
hor with this assail:      'n   '
That tho female bf tho Bpeclos is mora
deadly than tho male.
Hnd ho but Indulged good judgment
In his pilgrimage for fact,
He'd hnvo trod the path of ages to
Noah's fatal flood, and back;
And discovered in his findings, scarcely had his senrch begun,
That tho fomale boars tho poison aB
protection to hor young,
Thus wo note among lho Inflects; ot
tho honoy boo 'tis shown,
That the fomnlo lays the eggs nnd
must protect thorn   from   tho
Is It strange in such an Instance that.
tho naturnl lnw prevails
Making fomnlcs of tho spoclos much
more dangerous thnn the molest
As it Is with lower orders, so lu It with
highest mnn,
And It hns been through nil tigon since
the'natural law began.
Thnt no mattor how much plumage,
{trace nnd strength   Is   man's
... i
TKota in Tf-nnnti
Fernie, B. C.
7 . L.   H7 PUTNAM    -
--. . r. -•    , i   '.- -.,.-   ,       -       .     '-  '.
Barrister; Solicitor, Notary Public, etc.
.. 7    K_    y   s   .y^ •'.'"■v .-.•. , >',
BLAIRMORE;     '    *   ''     ALTA.*1 '■?
high treason." Since then..Bebel, has
been riiany times in prison. .Heis.one
of the finest orators and debaters in"
the Fatherland, and is - esteemed Jby
inilllons of,Socialists.': ' '■'.'   "*  "' '
Mr McKenna, replying to Capt.Faber
In the British House of Commons, said
it was-the Intention of the Government
to move bn the report stage of thb'Coal
Mines Bill] tho omission' of "the a provision inserted:in committee, prohibit-,
ing the -employment- of,.women othor
thnn those .already employed'on tlie
surface of-mines,-and to propose that
this class bf employment shall be subject to certain conditions, with the
object of safeguarding, tho health of
the workers. ' "
.}:r:;V-l,--;, Railway:
' "mmWmWIKmWU '■
' % "
of Coal
ShHofis Gun
STOW C0U8l»yL'cW«lB?{
wh.v Uip  fcm n3i>
more dendly thnn tho malbl
When the suffering of children ground
up In our hellish mills,
T«   *nn^rt   tviom   im>*    k *    ^it^wL^r.^.      ...»    1   **
bkMKl and sinew chills,
Then will end this gross injustice, al-
thouch profit-mongors rail;
For. tho female of the species Is more
dendly than tho male.
In tho downing ago of reason; In the
glorious day to come,
Whf-n through years of struggling, woman, equal rights with man hss
Wo shall be *»manrlpatM from the
curse (hat now prevails,
Sine* the females of this species have
more ••honm *onmf than the
—Now York Call.
, > True conservation means the utilization of tho Bi'cntQBt possible amount
of a natural resource with tho least
possible waste. .This can only be accomplished In the mining'industry by
tho Bkllful, extraction ot tho greatest
posslblo percentage, of tho mineral .in
lho ground and tho utilization of tho
most Improvod nppllnncoiT In preparing the mineral for the market or for
In the caso of our coal resources
truo'consorvntlon In many flolds Is
only possibly by such restrictions in
production ns will maintain a rppulnr
soiling prlco that will ho sufficiently
high to yield a reasonable profit over
tho cost of systems of mining which
not only allow tho extraction of tho
greatest ponglblo porcoiititge bf tho
conl in tho wound, but whloh will
provide for tho oxporiBlvo dead work
necessary to mlno tho coal In thin
scams, nnd'to preparo the coal In dirty,
slaty, and bony seams, for utilization..
In tho pant, whon eoal was mined
ontlroly by Individual operntors, often
men with limited "capital, only that
portion or lho largest ooams that
could be extracted with least posslblo
%.i.Vi,,.t,K,   iiuiMUiUff   H   tfC'pllHWUItJ   IttCli
of PTijrliuTj Jjj,!; a Wll nui lorenJiflil, wan
taken from the mines. As a result
in 'nil the older cosl fields, snd In
somo\vhoro development hns boen
compnrnllvely recent, only fiO per cent,
was mined. In addition tho mining
was so bnilly done) that tho major
portion of tho coal left'In these old
workings hns been made Inaccessible
by tqucezos, large falls of roof, and
othor cnusea that make for extremely
basardous, oxpenilve and other prohibitive operation*.
The advent of lomhlnstloni of capitalists with large financial resources,
hss In recent year* ebsnged these conditions (n some of the coal fields. As
a result, a very roneh tsrger percent-
sge of tbe coal la bein* lak^n mit,
and, by the expenditure of liberal
sums for engineering ability and Improved appliances, the percentage) of
coal In tbe ground recovered and utlllz
od Is bolng further Increased. Soams
that 20 years ago wero considered
worthless on "account of their being
only 24 ■ to 40 inches thick, or which
whllo thicker wero' more or loss
"dirty," riro bolng, successfully work-
od, Thin is particularly tho ense in
the anthrnctito regions' of Pennsylvania, where tho comparatively limit-
od extent of tho fields, coupled with
tho market demands, results In fair
murket prices, In tho samo regions
It must also bo stated the mines nro
workod more rogularly,, the men employed nro paid In cash nnd bettor
pnld, than Is tlio caso In nny other
Amorlrnn field, In fact, If iho muck
rnkorn who wrlto for tho yellow journals and Btlll yollower mugnxlnes woro
honost, and would really Investlgato
present conditions In tho anthracite
regions by Interviewing old miners,
tho older clergymen of all denominations, nnd especially thoso or the Roman Catholic Church, tho older professional mid business mon and then
describe.and illustrate present conditions as compared with those,of the
past, n great portion of tbo tlmo of
wchiiiki «M(#*inen ana politicians at
~]Vi)±,lluiilj:i, liquid oi iitiiut t&vutoul
to tearing doirn prosperity could be
devoted to economic and helpful legislation,
In nddltton to ronlly, conserving thb
tu^ui.*'' iu,i*v.m (WftUuft/oa, Wi*i tiutrio
large combinations ot capital, by tho
voluntary adoption of improved "appliances, and the employment of tho
most skllfnl ofljclali obtainable are
conserving the lives and limbs of their
employes In n fsr tnvtttor monmm
tban was formerly the case, if tho
mlwi ownnm and mlnfl offiefrllfl of
to-day were to work the deeper and
more caseous, and In the case of bituminous coal tbe dustier seams now being mined, ta the same manner and
wllh the t.ttM »wU»,!5^« as <ir«*« inK#d
SO or 80 y#ars a** thf> toll of wiMr?
and malme«l mine workers would bo
several times larger than it l».
Tb* United gutes government baa
For thei Round "Trip.,
-  ■.-,'.".•.' y    w.  * ""J   - •_..-;
. Beweeri'all stations; Port Arthur
to Vancouver and Branches.- -'
Going dates, Dec. 21,19'11,'to Jan.,
"-1,^1912."-     >>:     7-"'-"', -7,.■;".'"-.,.•"•    .
. Final return HmlCJin'.' 6th, 1912.
■ * ' •» *
i *
For' further particulars, apply to
nearest agent, or to '  ;'*""'",, ''"*'"',
R. G. McNEILLIE, DlstrlcfPasserv
ger AgentiffCaloary, Alta.
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Co,, Ltd,
• i
Bottled Goods a Specialty
Large Airy Rooms &
Good Board   ■
Ross & Hackay ££»
Stanley St > Nelson
Bsst Family and WerfclriQ man's
Hotel In City; nicely fumtslwil
reorna with •ath.    As4t» C06.|
•tth. mssls, $$c
A Union House
f>rep4 J. •- BARRAYT
<ryy •., -,«.-_
Manufacturers of and Deal- ■
.; , ers in all kinds of Rough- ■:
,. arid Dressed Lumber 7;;;:'
"n «
... -^
Bar Unexcelled
All White Help
',   '    '   ' 7"   y'
Everything   ,
Call.in and
see us once
- :i\
7 i I
P. Carosella
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
Gents' Furnishings
uujuh miium
Lizard Least General Yenmitef't' No..
141. Moots every Frldny nlglit nt
8 p. in. Minors' Union Hall.  W.
I      Vtr, .III.  >l 1%        > n       I -.       »
OrVir""!,   fll»p,T<>tftTy.
Bartantfers' Local Ne. 814$ Meets Sn4
and 4th Bundayo at 9.30 p.m. Secretary J. A, Qouplll, Waldorf Hotel
Qlidttons total No, M14 U. M. W. A.
Meets Snd and 41b Thursday Miners-
Union hall.    1>. llcos, 8«\
YypoaranHleal Union Ne. sur   M«ts
lasf. SaWrrtsy fi «»«&. mouth, at ttw
Ledger Office. A. J, Docility, 8*0-
Ue«al Fsrntt N*. \7 t. P. ef C W«U
In UlR«ra Union Hall erery Bondsy
at 7.45 Mt. BverylNMly welMme, D.
Psion. Sttntuj-I********"
UnKad BrMherfiMtf »f Carpenter* •*« t
Jelnsra^-Loeal J»ft.    D, J. Brana,.
pnsMsst: r. r. nmv. $«***#.
 Illl 111111111—
•-■"■*'■ **
»-^»w«*»»^. ii imiiiiiii i	 Xfrj?*-*^*' "*'
■~ • *>^ *■ "ty* - '-
*■ y*ijw ^ flunw ii wai^<BH*.w
■tfrrflliUMMiSWM^—i* I
'it Jl
.    -■ - v.; -
t ,V'T^?' 7 n?s9m";o^se7irstateIskon-;
77 ', .*%^la.'pre;-sb9lalisticku -WanuTfuspoko*'
?C \. Jive.y.yo.Payette:^Vyzria8tn^-po'Set"
v-r, -..WasW** z -i,700 .na-2^600>^; Zvolilt "sine
yyy nlckol'ko/m^ileh^uradnlkov'' v town-!
"7 7 Bhipoch:'-:". Okrem''tohp.sk"ev«16"ub"vlt>-'
'f /"azstva'dobyH BOcialhYtiy, South" Con-
' -. r-^^^Y11^-7." V-7 tdxnto, teprV-nedavno
*s'yY. ■jrganlroyanom mesteCku Vydklavana
'y. bote po'pfvy razimeatska'vol'ba.a so-
■ ;j-"«lailBtl'Jvyhrall na' belej "Clare. '.. 'pVva
m inestska spraya Je socialiaticka. bpak
f'll- ^*Pho;ale Btai".sa".vo Vanderbilt, kde
\ 7"" Btalaii kbllska' BocialiBtickej'''strany ^k
■TsapadneJ Penhsylvanil. Tarn Budruhc?
,, Via nepostavill 2'adnu' "tykbtu. -V" Zato
• ale niektorl "tie| BUdruhovla" socialistt
•; - nomlnoyali na naSu "tykbtu kandidatbv
\y "*trany repubilkanskeja'demokratickej.
7 "Tym'sl'dali mizerne" vysvedcerile.: ' Ta-
, .,ka:.taktika by- nas",zayliekla br'zb "do
,-. -bahna,:*!! ;ktordho '.by hebblb vy'chb-
r/ydiska; 7. To te7*zio5in/<Bpacban'y na
;•; nafiicb. zasadach, 7podobne* zlbfiJnypa-
!\.\0haju. mnoh'l.uradriicl .Frlckovej. spolo-
Y'-. 7*noBtirna vpllijpch7 Onl jaWpplicajtl
L^^yodialch k vbl'be-a hlaBovacie listiny
; lini yyplnuju.;'' ABkpl'vek je to proti za-
konom.'} 'Ale Co Je zakon tinedzl kam-
,;'Matmi?5.yolebnI uradnici su" tiez Fric-
h:'< kovymi.uradnikmi;'a tl ovfiem kontroi--
1.7 -V liiju" vbrbu\a volicoyjtak?' Jako'JeVto',
prospeSne* spoloeWsti.,""""' ■" '**' * ':   ''
: Budruhpm. alebo' nie.V torn neviemV'ale
7,to'. neyadi, nasi :rodacl<uwWa.-,'dobrei'
: 'I ke'd' nanho budu hlasb'vat'. * proti -, Fee-
• ;faanovi,' dobraJSienluJdiSVriktn^mu pre-
„. dsedoyi.", ,:TerajSil pfed'seda Feehan Je
. jS^tapitalisticky'polltlkar a" Je'odporcom
;" -jBoclallstleWho Jhhuti'a7 '7dn';tak jako
'■ ^."kapitaTultlprenasleduJe aocialistickych
I W\organisatbroy- pretei 2e ti pbvedjarvzdy
77;pravdu7"a tyiri iu Jeho VbliUckd'zam-!
;ery7a plany7kazia":7 "GreensburglTri-,
\i7 ^?n®''jP°'S0X^en®JKst"avke'1 banikoy
^4-~'':^Pl8ala;,^cela;.ta,'stavka bpla'vyyb-
v la?a„1?° '*?;' ty'n ."u2elbm;'aby7k hla-,
Bovaniu/na; medziriarodn^h'o - predsedlf
rpribudnulo 20,000-Masoy. „ Tak""mar
TLfiytLbbfazenvJ^iwis ^n^niniTrt^W ■>° *°i'
; --.   aJ.VBtalb. i' ■Jednanle'5: Feeba'novqjnafo^. lr.j 60 mila layoranti"in metallo di Ber-<
7:t'l'llo,^i;^sti!:o?brpiov:y.'Ba^ li'no^Germania';-^
i~  -anlsacii"uhrokopovjv -Plttsburgskoin  si eranb'mf«R«i« in winrUM.'«««« +w».
"/iis*7.ii,»« ", ^•ii-_r"ij _i ■■„.-"- .    .-~,-«
■ H
'' .*dlfitrikte,"a pretb'je zmena 'zfaducna. %,
, ,7 7RasUenie" a yz'mahame* sa - na";' vSet-
1 kych stranach; ale be^prganiBacle yy;
*-koname- len ialb dopreho7a'leb"o 'cei-
7 H^^'ni*!..VNa.H'».mimprladnej Iconveii-
• ',c}*i'y;^'.S* -D0l° nas"u2,!'dostVznaen«
;■": percentb,,ialeJy Jedrianl.sme Ba roznlli,
0^heaaali side.medzl.-sebou' zladneho do-
7'". roz'umenldy- Naaledoic toho bol, ze v
..".';"mnohych;,ot.azkali :,Bme ' individual©
proti sebe .vyBUip'ovall..". Bolo bydobre
' .' aby^'na/buducej konybncii,,'ktora sa
.... budev vydrzlavat'. ■■, v • * Bociallstickom
", „mo*8te, v Milwaukee, Wis!;-'BUdruhovla-
delegatl iucdzi sebou o hlnvnycji 6ta&*
'' t kach -so. dbrozumell a jtalc V jednnnl
J'   . solld'aritu zachovall.- -.."IVobudu1 pbtbm.
;krlv6 a upodozrlevavo Jodenna druhd-
lib''hl'iidof.   Jedno al alb niusla sud-
ruho'vla-delogati bsyoJltVa.tb Je, 2e na
kpnvencli N. S. S. ea nodaju nnfio za-
bady priamo uplatnit'7   Najprv treba
prlpravit' podua poehoponlo pro nafio
oiole. -, Nie Jo to poknrj, ked»..Budru-.
liovla   davaju   mnkavym .Bposobom
•hlnvnym uradnlkom na vodomle. 2o b
nlml'suhlasla, bo anl my . e ■ naSho
etanovlBka tie* nomoSonio s dobryra
Bvodomlm so vaotkym suhlaBlt', Co sa
1'ubi i)Iavon<Jruu odboru. "• Vzdy treba
mat' nn sretell   dobvo . eionstvn,   zn
Jclorym uCelom sukonvenelo evolavane'
a UBpqrladand. ,  "j: .
..   DIvlin sa, zo z tol'kych soelallBtov.
ftladny o konvoncll nl8 nonnplBal do
tej naBeJ Rovnostl L'udu.   A prodsri s
hrdoBt'eu, sa hio*ome' ppthYallt', Us n.
L." bola nn konvoncll tiajhl'hdnnojfilm
CnRopisom.    Z prvej znslolky 125 ku>
sov ]«n nnhodou som uvldoi Jedno eislo.
Objednal som R. L.' na ngltaclu, a ona
agltovala aamn sa seba,   Nomoliol som
Ora piu.oUo'mal gll Bcloporanti dol
Dlstretto del Nord Colorado si moa-
jTanb fidentl dolla vlttorla contro lo
usurpatrlcl o pbrfldb cbnipagiiio o lo
dimostrd chiaramente 11 fdtto cho 1
vlll o dogradatl orumlrl, a poclil per
volta, comlnciano , ad hbbandonare
quelle mlnlere.
Oil selopornntl del Nord Colorado
hanno datosempre un rolrablle eBom-
pio dl costanza, dl solldarlela, dl nf-
fozlono alio unloni o dl attaccamento al
lord InterosBl o a quellldei fratolll dl
lavoro; .lb compagnlo, dopo avor ton-
tato dl porli inslnlsta luce, dl donigrar-
11 flno nU'estremo o dl aver commosBo
contro dl esst ogni gonoro dl soprusl,
comlnciano por flntre col convlnoorsl
oho 1 d'rlttl dol lavoro sono plu grandl,
  plu ImporlosI dl quollo dell'ososo capU
tol'ko slskaf, kol'ko Bom chcel, ale" tall smo, eho ha sompro sfruttnto la
, vzrlor. tomu som spokojny, kod" sum
yi'del,v_:2©^ naB. CasopiB" teflj sa. "tak.-vel^
k'ej^yaJnostCfiie' Bi-ho' delegatf-xozbi"
brali-a« peeiiye "uchovali"'; aby.:Bi; ho'.y
pr>zdne^;chvHl^mohli- p^itatvi^In^
CasopiBy-Ibbly; p'b"; prehliadnuti-'zahad-;
zoyan^.'anl..ne'jaka.^smetV  rfDruhu zfr
sielku, "aCkbl'vek" prisla -ai6.y-pondelbk|'
rozpredal7ibm^pb^ 5c.■" kus.i- »7Ani7epm
nemal'dbst'." "Tu'vidno.-Ze poda Je pren
prospebtiom^ vyuZltiltoyatl'pre naS"" Casb-
pis''a-p'renai5e clele.7;.y.-'f-\-u7i- ".: '.
-; Hllla" aoin pred, tyro,'1 neznal. '[rKoi'
som .sa s ^nlm na;. ceste]; do" Baltimore
sbznamil,^predstayIl'Ba!'mi,- zeon Je
"tle2.Bo'claUsta?''  Mai'bom' podbzrenie
Ne'zamiuval' sa * ml -taky "'.'soctaliBtai,I;
ktory by'chcel inat' socialism a social-
istov, tak Jakopn.lchce, a nie Jakyml
onl 8U.7;-^ozoVbval som Jehojednanie,
a'tu Bomb'.Ba'presvedCli;' ze chce de^.
loyyinl gu^aml zabijat'" muchy.'   -Od
takych/'tiez Bocialiatpv"   chran   nas
boze, od neprlatel'ov si uZ Jakoal pomo^
2eme.    Ze' menl-'kabaty?' Toinu sa
nedlvimytakych.koilegov ma v hiav-.
popi odbore Tiac. -i .Lienze ti sa nam na
kpnyejaciLnepredBtayJli a ,tak* ohrom-
nymVa pb^BtnymV"'*Ja,'"'jakb to'ueinil.
t'en:naS-VJozef.,,',.;-'I'   "'•''     -'. i   ■/
-,<" Bolo mlsdelend,-ze v Uniontow'n;- Pa.
mad'arBkb-sloyensky (alebb obratene)
lekarnikdoporuCuJe krajanom" aby si!
patentoyanf jieky,-ktbre or'n'eho ku5
puju; hecHali ^bsvatit'-reverendbm' S&-,
bikom:. 7 Potbm" vraj o' ninoho"'lepSi'e
pomahaJu.-.^KraJani sii-za-to na le-
karnlka-pohorSeni.', ', Ale pnl^sl nefb-,'
zumeju..   Posvaten^ mede'clhy   lepsie
;.  PER LE 8 ORE D\ LA'VORO-ly
;. ,i'~ ~ , >   ■  . -       . ^rv,.. ^.fg:.^, <      «*
- •:•;- \, •     TTT.-!.'.;7.;!;";iS-;.-:
^^fso.i'Primi delvproB8imd'Gehnaio:
ayra Iuo^o fri Pueblo 'il:prboessocoh-
Zinc.Smelter per vjokzibne Sella-legge
delie;> 8- ore di lavoro;, pasVata^dallb',
Stato del Colorado e siribra'maLinessa"
ltf'.effetto.f.', y^^Q-^l^Uy^
'VarP^sto"' processb,,: che e-appoggiato
.e>8plntq;'dalia "State Fedefatibn;lbf
Labor".-* e; dalla "■WesterriiFederation
of Miners," verra a' provare se"iaile'gge
'sia' costituzionaleVe. valida-<blnb, e". le"
inasseToperale ne.-attendono:anBlbsa-
iriente 11 risultato." 7-
t *,v' v.-'-pi    "■
?? Biblia"' uwaza' - robotnika za niewbl-
Jiika i czesto.stawia'go razeni z woiem i
"qsleni,-—"a prac'e'uwaza za kare" krym-'
inalna za grzech'pierworodny.1 ' ■"A:-"
'"-To tez duchbwni'wszeikicli wysaan,
opierajac slena pismie'swietepi, nauc-
zala, ze taka byla i.Jest wola' najwy-
zszego, zeby Jeden rozkazywal, a dr'ugi
sluchal —- zeby. jeden gotowal,' a' drug
zjadal, —'jeden.-hii do wai .palace dla
innych, a sam spal pod plotem.   ■, -\
Ksiadz, pastor, rabin, pop, liil inny
oszust; -"przeznaicza 'klasdm posiadaja-
cym zycie doczesne;' a'>ob"otnikom rad-
zl b'yc'cierpjlwymi, az-.do smlercl.
' .Uczeni znow (ci co. sie .wysluguja
kapitalowi)i dowodza, iz kapitalisci'sa
pbtrzebni do organizo>vania przeinyslu
i.- kierowania nlm, co.. nlby ma sie
pr'zyczyniac do pomnozeniacbogactwa"
p'owBzechnego. ;,   y "k '   ""-','
A wlec podlug jednych 1 dru;glch
hypokrytow 1 osziistow, nie mozna sie
obejsc bez.kapltaIi8tow.
Jezell zas'spytamy sie'socyalisty, czy
potrzebnl sa kapitalisci czy bez nich
obejsc sie nie mozna, ten beznamyslu
qdpowi, e ze kapitailscl .aa tak potrzebnl robotnikowi, jak, dla psa pchly,
ktor© sedza mu w futrze hwysysaja
rimaBta serlamente H° kff7 V   '      '"
danpeggiata.e siccome 11 fubc'o con-  - ?UDelnle taka sama funkcye spelnia
tlnua ad'javvamparvC-e   impossiblle ^P1^118^; sl«dzi na skorze robotni-
RtaliUfrA li numorA «M»r„„ ^^i ^.i„-   kow| 1 zgarnia owoce jego pracy.
Kapitalisci sa wlasnle temi zorganl-*
.Sabatb mattiria, pcco'7dopd;:chesgli
operai eransl.recati'alle" cbnsuete'oc-
cupazibni.nella "miniera carbohifera di
Cross" Mountain,' situata rieiipressl -"dl
Briceville^ Tend., avvehne una" spaven^
tosa .esplpBione. ■;" 7   'y?■>- ■<-._,- -V „
In "quella minjeVa vl lavoravano or-'
dinarlamente'200 miiiatorir la maggjor;
j)arte,dfi"quaM si crede siano peritl. -.
.Appena b1 ebbe se'ntbre dell'lmmane
diBaBtro.sfurbno allestite le squadre dl
salyatagglo, che efoicamente siaccln-
Serb aK lavoro, e doposforzl sovru-
manl, rluscirono a trarre a salvamento
numerosi "mlnatorl. 7 Si rltiene pero
che il. numero deile. vlttlme ascenda a
circa 150. '„:_..
La minlera> e
Btab|lIreiL numero precfso del mina-
torf che' yi hannb p'erdutb i'esisten'za.'"V
«ub vmanno perauto lesistenza.1 , ■ ...—™ ^™> wi6«ui-
I "lavori dl' aalvatag^b- contlnuano Wf'ent Pphlami, czy tarn pjjawkami;
perp con noblle Bjancio e con mirabile  natezabezwarunkowo do rodzadu DaB:
. Se:mb'ra- prpbabile che,-11 Comitatp
EsecutlvoVdeila United Mine Workers
of America Inten da votare una grossa
Bomma.a favore;delle famlglie delle
sacre vlttime "che ' perdettero. la vita
nella'sp'aventosa esploslone.    -
Alb." MulaC.
.crpnachettaop'erAia I .
La disoccupazlpne « generate a Su-
Perior, :Wisc. \> Le'. persorie" senza la-
vbro.ed allepreBecollamiseria si con':
taub a centinaia .e'.centinaiav'
•, I. lavorl -ne'lle viclnanze ...dl l Weir,
Kans.| vanno, bra, abbastanza"'' bene e
la -"Central-CoaLCo.""'ha;riattivato le
minlere No.*43,.e No. s44lbhe'da" parecchi.
si "eranb messi' In Bciopero,\'sbno: tor
n'atl Vlayoro.Jn attes'a*"di-unamictey
vole accomodamento, ora sotto tratta-
-,In ciuesti giorni e stata rinvenuta
morta dl freddo elfll faime in una cata-
pecchia, di Peru, Ind.v cierta Salonie
Korner, la quale' era rltenuta piu' poy-
ora (ll'7Globbe.. ' Nel" suo misero e
fetldo*. gaciglio vennero pero rinveri-
uti, 47-;'inlla- dollarl,, accurataniente
nascoBti in unagrbssa borsa di cubld.-
II donaro della yeccliia pitocca,- morta
collo/stomaco vuoto, .nientro poteva'
yivere da slgnorn, venne bublto dlvlso*
fra 1 buoI 'parent!. ■       !'>   '
minora umnnita.
List of Locals District 18
.to. NAME SEC. snd P. O, ADDRE08
29 nankhead . „ v. Whcatley, DinWead, Alta.
481 Reaver Crock..;... P. Oaughton, Deaver Crock, via Plncber
,   431 Bollevue.,  j, Burke, Dellevue, Frank, Alta,
SI63 Dlalrmore......... B.J.Chase,Dlalrmove,Alta,
649 Burmls Jos. Derbyshire, nurmfs, Altn.
'227  Carbondalo 8, Hadfleld, Carbondalo, Colomnn,! Alta.
X3S7 Cardiff J. Poole, Cardiff, Alia.
"%*QT Plum*** ' *T    tS    nn.«'1«1-..lK    f»r--...%«.      Ml.
-UM Celeman...; W. Ornhnm, flolfl-mntt, Altn.
•2877 Corbln i    It. Jones, Corbln, T», C.
tlM Chinook Mlnos ..... Wm. Forsyth, Diamond City, Alta.
4178 Diamond City Joseph Nairn, Diamond City, Lethbridge.
1814 Fcmlo * Thos, Uphill, Pernio, B. U.
IMS VrovM rt virM. Tno\ Hlf>».
rtW.,Hosmer W. Balderstone, Hosmer, B. C.
1051 Hillcrest J. O, Jones, "HHJerest, Alta.
(74 Uthbrldfb...... fy U Moore, P. O. Box US, Lothbridgo
■1180 LeUtbrldia CollUrlM Frank lUrlnghsm, sec, via., Klpp, Alta.
1838 till* ,... W. U BStant, Mile, Frank, Alia
tm Usple Lea!,....... M. Glldsy, Uapla Loaf, Belle rue,'.IIU.
l.\U Michel M. isurreU, Michel B, O.
14 Monarch Mine... Horaw Woodleld. Taber, Alta.
tWi Passburg , Mobt, Evans, Passharnr, Alu.
8689 lloya! View Thoi, B. WsUr„R«yal Collieries, Uthbridge. Alt*
l«s m«r.,,  A. PiU*rs«m. Tabw^JLH*.
103 Taber...... jr. Cooper, Taber, Alia.
tm Udyimltb , J. J, Taylor. Ladyirolth. a a
MM Bnmertsnd......... Peter MeWJon, Sowerland, B, a
m W*UUkU«....... TlMw. Hamt, WeHington. li. O.
;I1S5 KaalMso... JTtek PUoe. Nsiulmo, B, a
v ^v!d*ceinbrl sa7vydr21avaju'7vorby v-
;.75."dlstrikte slubenych'uhrokopov.'1 Za'      ; .    -r -.-~ „
|.Jypredsedu7tb:hb2e' dli5trlktu'je,nominee uClnkuju ~ ale na vafiblc .. Jestll-io
lr*,yStiy naS,rbdak Michar.Halap'y.-.t>"Bra- mVsll.-ten...leyarnikMakto" vtedy" ma
[• {Utska "JuBktlcia"w"z Pittsburgu odp'oru-7Pr^y4.|1> ^emb'c rievyiiW^ -- r-.~,u.»..;.;yu:Uv ™ wlurauu    *  i   ""»
7Cuj©:ho*eo sudruha.ku zvoleiiiii.;r JeJl necn'u*?'je bn posvateny, alebo nie.— e''n»iDac9lata':7da\"un-' nupyo'' sciopero  P?M^a?
-'SUdr'nhnm.nloVin'n^'-«.'#•««, «„..:.«.' -_>'    Alh'. Mtilnx"    ~ .%....-  ,"   s mlnerflrio: nel nnnle  nnrannr. nAlnvnifi    Pa»ace   1
La parte .m'eridipnale del Colorado
mlnerarioi- nel quale Baran.no comvolti
circa'20 nulla persone. 7~
-^1'mlnatorl-affermano che le com-
pagnieVrubano •sVudbratamente sul
peso del; carbone, che fanno pagare
delle' tasse'vesorbitantl: per ospedali,
che non;mantegonbl pattl conchiusi,
ecc, e che^essi sono pronto adabban-
donare 11 laybrb se hon.verra loro reso
giiistizla. *,y-" '['C.yiy "-      '    ','
Le compagnie" hannp compreso Tan-
tifona el'pur'mbstr'a'ndo di Itentennare,
yerranrio - alia conclusione'di cedere
alle giuste domandedel mlnatorl, per
Bcongiurare. questo" sciopero, che dan-
neggierebb'e alUestreirib gradb-i loro
interessi." "-* - 7*v."'f-'-'v.'% '7- '. .•"'
I capltaliBti comlnciano acapire che
sta per flnire il..loro-regno di schia-
vitu e di sfruttamentp-e tentario ora
di'far vedere che altro non.cercano
che il beriessere delle classi operate.'
7Qual ferooe ironla!
I preticattollcluBano affermare che
la loro • rellgione, nouBoio^o Tunica
vera, ma abbraccia. anche"l'lraniejiBa
maggloranza' della.- popblazlone del
globp.   '" . ,     • /.
La,staystica,dice ben diversamente.
La popolazione dpi mbndo. eseom-
posta presaoche dl un mtllardo o mezzo
dl peraono. '• ■> y,
Dl quoato, 500 millonl sono crialiano,
256 mllionl'Bono confuctano, 190 rnllioni
indu, 176 millonl mnomeltano, 157 millonl buddlste, ,45 millonl javlste, 13
millonl. BintolBto, 8 wllionl ifltraoli'te,
196 millonl polltolsto.
..- Cinquecbnto millonl sono cristian!,'
ma dl queatl 20p7mllionl Bono protos-
tanti,195 cattolibi, 105greci ortodOBBl.
D}modocho; a obi guarda bono, bu un
millardb o messo dl tiomini, solo 195
millonl vi sarebbero cho androbbero in
paradlso, al dire del proti, o 6loo una
persona bu sette.
Bonza" contaro tutti quelll olio, pure"
OBsehdo catalogatl como cattolicl per-
oho, battozzati, non soguono lo regolo
del oulto o non credono!
I cattolicl dunque eono una mlno-
ranea del gonoro umrtno, e I credontl
oono una mlnoranza'.',', , della minor*
Thousands have no doubt read tho
commondnble articles recently appear-
Ing In somo of tlio lending American
and Canadian papors on tho use of
alum In baking, Until tho Dominion
Oovornmont follows llio load of Kng-
land,. Franco nnd Germany nnd prohibits tho uso of alum In foods thoro
Is blit ono safeguard agali^t alum, and
that Is to buy only a baking powdor
which has the Ingredients plainly stated on tho label.
APPROPRIATE'!        ,
X V.buiiLt wtitk t>i»ftu„ VMUi tt menu
In n rmintiy Ijchu'o. bit Sim-ii'y *,&•#
lng, as he passed through tbe library
h« found a small boy curled up In a
big armchair deeply Interested In a
be asked.
"No, alr,M replied th« lad.
"Why!   I nm," said tho bishop.
"Hub." said tbe boy, "you're got te
«o. ! U*s your Job."
'   i
"i- -
'*   -
y \' "
The Paper that gets there
naleza.bezwarunkbwo do rodzaju,pas
orzytbw;' zyja z pracy druglch'i ,s'a
nad'zwyczaj iizyteczni, .ale" tylko'dla
sieble.",.'.;, 7     '.       '7 ' ."" - -
Nawbt-. w wlelkim,. przemysle- kapitalisci nie. zarzadzaja sami interesami,
ale pbzostawiaja te role najemnym in-
teligentom.Bami zas.zajmuja sie tylko
rozchodowaniem dochodow. .
Przejdzcie; sfe. po. Plate j Avenue w
New .Yorkuj-a-zobaczycie szeregi pa-
lacow," w ktorych.rzadko kto inieszka,
pbniewazwlascl ciele posiadaja takze
w New „ Port, Plorydzie, w
Adirondacks -i Californii, a lubia takze
wyjezdzac'na Riviere, do Neapolu, lub
Szwajc"aryl.7;,-   . 7
Ci ludzie sa' specyallstami od trace-
nla'pieniedzy,'.legalnle^ukra dzionych,'
lub wyzyskariych od'gluplch, cierpll-'
-wychra.pracowitych ludzi.
A-dlaczego onlsaglupimi?     '
Bo^.sa.'pfzepracbwani i niezorgani-
zowani...     • ~ 7 ''". r'"' '
W.Stanach'-Zjednoczonych tylko dwa
miliony* rbbotnikpw nalezy do -zwiaz-
kow;zawod6wych,;a trzecia cze'sc tego
zalicza sie do'socyalistow.
I , Jak *-' tu'.. prz'y. taklch stosunkach
pozpyc sle^tychpchel z psiego futray
KapItalistowym~TfcE^ohT ktore"
wygryzapa roboinlko wi dziury , w
Bpo'dniach; w. pltollcy kieszeni, — duch-"
bwnych re/-werendow.'
Robbtnik.. potfzebuje przedewszyst-
klem scla'gna'c sobie'katarakte'z oczu
i cboc natyle wyewiczyc bwoj mozg,.
aby mogl.zro.-zumiec s'woj wlasny in-
tereB,'—- nastepnle zorganizowac sie
zawodbwo i. bezwa'runkowo skupicpod
czerwqnyn sztandarem, ■— a z najwiek-
sza pewn'oscia obejdzlo sie bez panow.
Przytem nalezy. nie , zapomlnac ze
Jezell kapltalista jest pchla w psiej
skorze, to kazdego duchownego mozna
Bmlalo porownnc do mola,albo lepioj
do.pluskwy. Ssle'ona krew prncujacc-
go-ludii a ma olbrzymi knldun.
Przedewflzystklem wlec nalezy wy-
teplc pluskwy spoleczno, a wtody l
pchly wyzdychaja. "*    ;
Topic robnetwo' spoleczne, to znaczy
przyblizac panowanio no wogo Iadu.
'- Przyslowlo chinskio ■ powlada, zo
chlnska kobiota JoBt jakoby kura,. a
Jakoby dwlo.kury. To przy Blowle
moznaby zastoaownc do Jitoratkl am-
orykansklej P., Fairfax, udzlelajacej
amorykankom wazelklch' rod w dzlon-
mndra chlnskn kobiotn Jest madra,
nlkaob. ■ Oto w"jodnym z ostatnlch
n'umorow ...Tournala", wymyflliln rocop-
to na Bzczosolo, a mlnnowicle radzl ro-
botnlcomi Jezell prngna bye Bzczesllwo,
aby namlotnlo poltoclialy... bwoJ „Job."
Ja tam Juz wolo to, co stoi w Btarym
testamencle: zo czlowlolc Jest stworzo-
ny nato, aby sobie nie nie robl (znd-
nych Jobow), ale po raju spacerownl I
wygrzewal sla do gory brzuchem na
Bloncu, na murawle, czokajac, nz mu
dojrzalo owoce same do goby wpadna;
u praco blblla okroala Jako, kntorznyja
raboty" za grzoch, — I dlatogo wssy-
soy „blogll w plsmto" nlo lu bla pra-
cowac*, ale staraja slo do tego znpr-
zndz wolu, osln, nlbo swojogo bllsnlogo.
To przynajmnloj Jost trnfnol
Clekawym, gdyby tak ta lltoratka
(prsez polltycznn protokcyo) dostala
urzttd uprzatanla z ulle padllny t
gdyby zmuszbna byln wzlasc zdecblogo,
rozgnleclonogo kotn za ogon I $rzucio
na fure, rzyby l wtcdy kechaia nwoj
.Job" I byla azckesllwar Wldae, *o
panna Fairfax myslala o tych slodklcli
dzlabach, tiprawlanych pomlodty „8o-
<iuah(.Y mmrt, caiAins, co«t» cou>*.
KINQ'8 WHIM C08T INDIA 125,000.00
r*n» T»r   r»r
<n     im.,   »
Hoir/i Thli>
sS^^ «ftw*? ?$tfw
I'JSfflJ** ****• *» »««««r •«»•
•* •*rj**>n»*m wuto hfUmtm.
MttMNU Umi «r Ctimttrr.
t»fc» Man t»mto run iu muumUoo.
tm UN MM ||
w»*n« to *U
-.a   ,«  . .,.
lng the capital from Calcutta to Delhi
will bo moro than 125,000,000. The
change In the seat of government can
not be effected for some time because
of tbo vast number of pubno buildings
that will hare to be erected here to
accommodate officials. Calcutta bss
been the capital store 17T8. The
rhange l« to be mad« now because
King George Is so well pleated with
tho way tbe natives and potentates
at Delhi kow-towed to blm.
Leek at the tsbsl en yeur paper and
ses if yeur subscription Is paid In
advane*. i.
f% Advertising ihat advertises is the
sort desired by ..persons seeking
publicity for their wares. .    0
7 *• -7     y ....,'-  "    ■ 7" ■"       ' ,..'' ~. ■ - .
7 Cjf Selecting the medium is important—the publication,that reaches
the people ^ the wage-earners—
should appeal to the  discriminate
purchaser b£ space, y      v       \
y    ■    ''-,'.-    '    ■    "      "*~''.        *
Cf Its  an easy; matter to acquire
space in a ipaper but. its another   ■
' point to get adequate returns from
-the outlay.0 * ~y/ '■• * •" ■./ ■        '" '   :-   ','.•■
"Cf^Advertisements, that sell goods ..
^ake, interesting reading from time
;: to time,-giving facts and figures.    \
"    v  "' *  ,. -'■ '   •>     -■*- -   .    7     '-.''---"■''''
7 Cf Any arrangement of type matter
aM words in a paper is not adver- ,
tising.; A well written and neatly
displayed.ad. is a source of informa-;
tion that will not be easily passed
undiscovered. Discover your business with the use«of Printers Ink.
Cf Get acquainted with your customers, meet them weekly through
tho columns of this paper, gain their
confidence through doing as „ you
advertise to. do and when you* do
this you have gono a long way towards being a success.
Cf Let the new corners know who
you are and advertise your business.   n
_       *
Cf.The District Ledger has the
largest circulation in tho Pass and
should bo your special medium to
tell your weekly story. Just try-
can't tell until you try.
i I
y I
c L
* r
Complete Job department
Address all communications to
The District Ledger
S12T1' ^g>J»r»*> --^i h
- -t-v  - -,}"-.£■..-•■>*■" •?■-'_*.»-.,,-.-    ...  ..    --.-»•        ■  -    ",, - -     , -2 --v. ,1 '   • r.y..-.."> --   ,>!-. -.<:...   --.?/:■ -■  ' ..--,-,-   -j  -    >   I
*. . ,. ..... -.    - . i - - ^ - j   - .\ / .... x -
The Special Holiday Price Sale at all oup Stores Happily Solves tKe Gift Problem
We will have a fine,assortment of choice^ CUT,*
FLOWERS on display Saturday, the 23rd inst., and
you can book your orders for delivery on the above
date now.
Marischiue Cherries, qts ' $3-00  .
"   »    " «-- "        pts    75c.
:' h  . y2pts    40c.
Maeedoine, Frv.it, per bottle  .'.) ?...1 00
.Noils Dessert, Fruits, per bottle  "...'.    60c.
Wagstaff's Black Currant Jelly, 12 oz. ....   25c.
■   »     '. 'Crabapple Jelly, 12 oz.    25c.,
Glace Cfierries, per lb S. • • •    50c:
*"    Fruits, assorted, per lb	
Lowney's Cream Chocolates, 3 lbs. for ...".. .1.
Lowney's Cream Chocolates, in y2' 1, 2, and
5 lb. boxes • '•	
Cowan's 'Chocolate Medallions, per lb.-..."...
"        . ~   "       Maple Buds —
.c-    " "     "   '    Assorted	
Giant Mixed'Candy, 2 lbs for
Cream (mixed) Candy, 2 lbs
;*   " Best (mixed) Candy, per lb..
Russian Cluster Table Raisins,'5 lb box, each 2.00. .7
Extra Dessert Raisins, 5 lb. box each 1-50   <_
Connoisseur's Cluster,-per lb. :.- . 7 ..;. ; 25c
Mixed,Nats', per lb ' .' _• ' 20c.;
J-lawaiin Dates, 2 lbs for'.'..'.l:.!?...:.-.:...... 26c-'." •
Ford Dales; -per lb.  .- .' - 7lpo..:.
Table l^igs, 5 Ci)own,7l0T.b/boxyeac"jr:. rTrri. oyy
Table Figs, 5 Crown, per lb -■ 20c.
.Cleaned Currants, 2 Ik for. i .'; 25c. '
Seeded Raisins, 2 lbs., for ..,..:..... S.:.'   25c. -
, Sultana Raisins, 2-lbs for .*.. .7 .*.. J 25c.
California Oranges, pev doz 25c. to.60c.
' Jap Oranges, per box ..- '.;... .,.    85c.
Fancy Table Apples, 4 lbs. for • ;..... -25c.
•Cooking-Figs, 3 lbs. for ...........  .25c.
Christmas Fruit Cake, 1 lb. tins, each ..,  35c.
Christmas Fruit Qake, 2 lb. tins, each.......   65c. ;
Christmas Plum Pudding, 1 lb. for .."...'...   35c -
Christmas Plum Pudding,' 2 lbs. for  .65c-
Cowan's Cocoa, % lb;* tin,....;..;...    25c
Van Houton's Cocoa, % lb. tin 7. ...'60c.
Bananas, per doz. '    35c
Spanish Grapes, per lb ■    2oc,
■, French Pens, 2 lb! tins/2 for ..;..,..., 35c.
' Canadinn PeaR, 2 lb. lihs, extra sifter, each,.   15c.
Canadian Asparagus, 2 lb. tins, each .;....   35c
Canadian Asparagus, qt. bottles, each 1.00
French Beans in gloss bottle, each    50c,
French Pens, in glass hottle, each ;    BOc'...
Christmas .Crackers, from 25c. per box to... .1,50
Honey, 2y2 lb. bottles, each .;    70c.
Honey, 1 lb. Combs ....'    26c
Jersey Cranberries, por lb    15c. ,
WngfiUff'H Mincemeat, 5 lb. pnils, each 65c
Fresh Oysters/per qt '   90° •
Fancy Fresh Killed Ducks, per lb r.   25c. •
Fancy/Fresh Killed Gocso, per lb    25c
Faney-Fi'fiHh Killed Chickens', por lb    25c
Fancy Fresh Killed Turkoy, per lb    30c
Fancy Fresh Killed Fowls, p°r 1»    ^^^to-
Banquet Bacon, per 11)    22c
Medium Hams, por lb '.    21c
Boiled 1 Tains, sliced, por lb    40c
Brookfield Sausage, 2 for ,    45c
Finon TTnddio, por lb    lBo,
Kippors, pnr lb,    loo,
Bloalors, por lb ;    12ya
Russian Cnviaro, por tin 1 25
English Stilton ChocHO.-per lb    50c
Roquefort Choeso, por lb.    BOc
Swiss Clienso, por lb    3Bc
Tjimburgher Choeso, por lb    30c
McLuron !s Imperial, small jar    25c
Dutch Cheese, each ,   85o.
Eastern Townships Creamery Buttor, 3 lbs. J. 00
Alborta Creamery Butter, 2d!)R. for "jj 7flc
,    Alborln Dnirv Bill tar, in 14 11). boxes, por lb., ,30c
j|        j   Quoon nnd Stuffed Olivon, 14 on    8Bo.
Queen and Stuffed Olives, 18 ob, -.    BOc
Queen and Stuffed Olives, .12 to 1 00
Map of Italy Olive Oil, qt. bottles    80c.
Mnrt of Ttaly Olivo Oil, pt. bottles    4Bc.
O. nnd B. Assorted Pickles, per bottlo    35o.
Sauor Kraut, 4 lb. for ,..,,',...    25c
Leo and Pen-in's flaueo, % pl«    3Bc
Lee and Perrin's Sauce, pt, bottles .."
Essence, of' Anchovie,- bottle v	
Durkec's Salad Dressing, pt. bottles
"Grape Juice, qt. bottles, each ......
Spanish Pimehtoesj per bottle -......
Spanish Mushrooms, per bottle ......
l^resh Parsnips, per lb.' >.. .7 ..
Apple Cider, per gallon.. 7..:.':'.: v
Eldore Perfecto Cigars, each 25c, per box..3 00    .'
7   "-    Majestic Cigars, each 25c, per box...2 75 '
Children's Christmas' Stockings^ each.'-   5c. to 90c .'
,  Do not overlook'calling on'ourJCSfocery Depart-'
"ment as we have many other, lines bf extra good
'values we are unable to list in this space. yA coin-' <
"plete line of California Green Vegetables will be
among our assortment.   .      -   "    .', S.       ".',"'
33 1-3 Per Cent. Discbunt
* ,One-third off the marked prices of the very,best assorted stock of. applicable Christmas Gifts
ever placed on sale. It is not possible to enumerate and'describe the many articles in this lot." But
they.include:    - '    -. ■.   -"'■'   -'.   -----       - 7 ". - 7      ".      '   - -
: Toilet Articles''   7
-Brush and Comb Sets '   •"
.Brush, Comb and Mirror Sets;   ....
■Manicure; Sets ;        7   7
.Table'Mirrors      , 7,
Hand Mirrors \    , y.   '
-Triple Mirrors '„
Sewing Cases, 7-    ,
"Work Baskets .' '-..''
Paper.Knives and Seals with Ivory
'"'"and Pearl Handles
Pin ^Cushions   ,. ' ,. „
".J'hotb Frames - "7 . - ;>
.'Card Trays -    7    - %
Je>vels Caskets'-    ^   „. -/-7.""-
• Bab*y, Brush Sets . .      ;1* - -
Soap Boxes
Large Brass and Copper. Trays
B^ass'Wall Plaques
Ornamental Clocks  '.
Vases and Ornaments "      ""j, ,
Candlesticks " '   " ^-' ., ■
Candleabrums ..,-.
Brass Jardineres,- •
Brass Fern Pots   ■      7-     7   - ■•
Brass, and. Copper Coal Hods
Brass Kettles and Stands..'7.7;
/Jardinere Stands   - : "
"Collar and Cuff Boxes-and Bags
"Pocket", Flasks
Tobacco Jars- -: ■• • '7 * ---.""'
Smokers'j3ets'- ...--,- -■■'7
Ash Trays 7   ;"■' ^   ,.'-' ',cr
,And DozensJof Other Articles, y All  the Useful-Kinds for.Christmas-Gifts
7 Is'overflowing with all.kinds of delightful novelties for the''little:ones; mechanical toys of many:
Mndi/,. toys for the baby and for all other ages to,the second childhood.   -;    y ""'.-''•' -'*■ .-  7v'7\
Books for Boys and Girls.    See our. Special   Cloth Bound 25c. a volume.   Picture Books, Childls'
Story Books, etc.    Sleighs fbr'boys and. girls'f "'..,' 7.-. »- ..  .
We have spared no effort to make this department complete and have secured the largest assortment-of newest novelties in Men's Wear ever before shown in Fernie. If you wish to make a gift
that'is the last word in-New York and Paris* creations visit thisdepartment'andyou will find many
things that will be sure to delight the recipient.. '  "      ,.  y ' "
, Ono of our now flowing-end Ties made up in high-
grade Silks of beautiful design.'   Each Tic put
up in fancy box; mako acceptable gifts.    •
Price.. 50c, 65c, 75c, $1,, $1,25., $1.50. nnd $2 each.
Wo also offor a special range of Silk Derby Ties,'
assorted'patorns and of good' quality, worth 50c.- ,
Special  i. .......,,, 25o,,
' There is nothing a roan appreciates more than a
nice Muffler.    Wo aro showing thorn in the now,-(
Knitted Silk with fringed ends.     Each in faiicy '
box, priced from $1,25 to $7.80.
Plain Silk Mufflers in ovory shade j prices from
$1,80 to $2,78.
Knitted Wool Mufflers in all shades and stylos"
from DOo, to $1.
,   Silk Handkerchiefs—Plain White, Brown, Red, '
Navy and Green, at ..'."."..;.' .".... BOc. each
Silk Handkerchiefs—-Plain White, initialed, any,
letter '  .... ...y...  BOo. each
Plain and embroidered Cashmere Sox ,in black
ond colors at V 3Bo. to 65o,
Silk Sox, plain and emb., from $1.80 to $2,0 pr.
Thero is nothing*moro' sonsiblo or comfortable
thoso cold winter days than a good Sweater,   Wo'
havo them in'tho high swoator.nocks; opon V.necks,
and tho coats with or without 'collars.
Mon's Sweater Coats rango fro $2.25 to $5.00.
Children's Swcator Coats rango from,'7Bo, to $2,80'
Mocha Gloves, Silk, Wool and Fur-lined from $1,00
to $5,00,
This space doos not permit us to glvo a detailed description of tho hundreds of suitable gifts we
can suggost and which wo carry in stook in all stylos and prices, ready for your inapootion.
Cuff Links, plain and fancy, from 2Bo, to $2 pr,
Tio Pins in beautiful doslgns, from 2Bo, to $8.00 each,
Gold filled Watch Chains and Fobs, from $2 to $10 oaoh,
Watohos, all grados, from $1 oaoh to $46 oaoh,
Fitted Suitoasos and Bags, from $10 to $40
Real Leathor Club Bags, from $8 to $26,'
Trunks, in all styles   and sizes, $2.60 to $30
Why not buy   him a Safety Razor?
Thin department has not been forgotten,   It is full of good things that dolight the Christmas
shopper and spell comfort for the wearer, , '
Men'n Traveling FWppprn, in pakc, Special   $3 pr.
Mon's Fancy Leather Slippers, from $1.B0 to $3 pr.
Men's Mocha Slippers, from $180 to $2 pr.
Mon'sIIockoy Shoes (tan or black) from $2.75 to $5
]\foT>'«j Snnwonnna, nil ctyloo from $4 to $79.R pr.
|,Child'ii, Girl'u and Misses Fell; Slippers, from 75o.
Women'n Vo\\. WpjWs, nil coIotr, from Tito, to $2.
Womon'h Fancy Mocha Slippers, wool-lined, from
$1.25 to $2.00
Women's and Girls' Hookoy SIioob and Skatoi,
from $2,80 to $4.00
Women's and Children's ,l3nowshocs, from $2,26
to $4,50
-        ,V        DEPARTMENT .\     7    , ,
';    A "dainty piece of "neckwear makes., "a pleasing'-
_ gift.---  •_ ' :-.:yy     . ^ _. - .*,     ;.; * _ ..7 ,7
'.   New Fancy Stock Collars, .Dressy. Jabots and Side\
'Frills, piit-up infancy boxes without'^extra, charge.' ,
■ ■-' BELTS.—The newest.ideas* for the present sea*
j son.   Colors to harmonise with any costume...    ..'''„
" -'.FRILLINGS.—In holly boxes 35c. each. -7" *
.  *■ HANDKERCHIEFS.—Real7 Irish- line'u,' Very".
; sheer and!'beautifully embroidered; at prices' rang-"
ing from *25c7     ' 7 ,- :-y-. V'-y'' ''  "-;
•    -Boxes without'extra charge." - -; ■:      .. y--
Children's, Fancy-Handkerchief s. ....   i."-    ' - J y
;'*; ,/." . 7V;-.,;7,ba.gs "     ;. v.°"".';'' ;> '
. The. newest in realseal,, walrus, and^cape-seal.*
.  - Suede, Bags,in'colors to matchv costume. 7 -     ,,   ,
Velvet Ba'gs,in-plain colors"and,black and white.
7   stripes.''   j   '    '-- .   ;    '77*'   -       '.77-'   ■' ,  -_-.■
Bags^finished with long cords or leather straps.
■' Purses and Card Cases."- '   -.7           ' „ : "-■
•'    Beaded and Chain Bags." '.-.■ 7"  - S \-~.'' • 7    "V
Hair Ornaments in separate pieces^br sets:; Plain,
-or jeweled.   ' '. „ ' .-/'7\-   \/-  ■';_'_'          ". ■   "
" * /Fancy bandeaux' forf.evenin'g^-wear.T, ,7 ';,. " •"" :y
"*     . /     -   SILK AND CHIFON^WAISTS:'":       7
■'» ..    Some-very,new-styles just.amye'd for the,Christ- •
mas'shbpper.    ,'"•   -."'-   . y *' '"^y -{.'% ;'    \,   "1
'-'Sec our Special Net\, Waist's, at ,$2.25.'-;; ;i-'	
*, ' .-70ne,of this "season's. 'novelties_7in .Waists js.Tlie 7
■ '"TIE'ROUND,' which; is-fast becoming a favorite'.
-.-   - ^'7 ^-gloves.-"-. -;-..- .-■■  y-.--
-   '   - ^ a      ^.   -" *'  .     ,J y -' "- -"-   *        •-'"'-'
7 .' <\A woman-never has too many .pairs', of gloves' "
Our $1.50''Guaranteed Glove-is well-known as,the .j
\   most, reli able --glove, in the. trade,' and fco'mes ip all'
colors. 7 .;',      .   -  ,   7',.,. ■■-   ,T   ,;-':\- ',;,'•
.Gauntlet-gloves, lined and unlined.;;- -    ,     ''■
,    Wool-lined Mocha "Gloves. '   V-. ".7  ,r--        '. ,
Knitted Gloves and Mittens; .with deep gauntlets,
in assorted colors. ■ „ ■• ■.'--'-.  •       ' ■   ■ ,   .
Our $2,00 Pure Silk.Hose'with Lisle Solo makes s
an ideal gift.'   All shacjes,-put up in dainty holly.-
boxes.'' [     ■■-    ■   '.     ""''''' ..-'•.    7
,vRibbbns.~In stripes, Drosdens anrijplaiti. colors;'
all widths.      ■     "»   ' ," 7.   " ..   ■.'           7 ' •» '■    v
TIONERY—In attractive packages."'.''.	
/-,."•■ kimonas'^ 'v; \.    ;; :<
In Silk and Crape.    Very handsome floral and -
,Jap designs. •' .'•'-"''    •
Dressing Jackots in Silk, Cashmere and Serpen*
, tine Crape.  7        ' '   ' '       ;-.;'■'
.    Plain colors and shot effects in unbreakable Taf; ■
feta for $4,76. ( „      ,'
Satin and Black Taffeta- Petticoats,"  Special at .-
Lengths from 2'to 4 yards with napkins to,match,
Hand-ombroidorod Tray Cloths, Doilies, Cohtrcs^eto,
, • ""   ■       TAILORED WASH WAISTS
A Special lino of Linon Waists at    $2,25
Heavy Corded Piquo Waists  , $2.25
All-wool Dolaino, Waists '.,   $2,75
For womon and children.   Tlio vory best makes
and a splendid rango of colors and stylos,
Motor Caps, Toques and Hockoy Caps.
.. Mitts, Glovos, Sashes ond Mufflers.
Knitted goods for tho littlo ones in Ovorhoso,
Gaiters, Overalls, Mittons, Hoods, Clips, Veils, otc,
Stamped IJinon and Lawn Corsot Covors, Princess
Slips and Night Drcssos, Stamped Linen Contors,,
Tray Cloths, Doilies, Fancy Cushion .Tops, Table
Covors and Scarves.     ■     ( '
;'^ho Callcd-for Embroidery Threads.
T'Vnv*.* rvnrwni't In onv pfnr»lr fa now nn tbo hnvwibi
lirt.    Mnny hre'lonf" thnn hnlf pvic^ autl nil arc lew
than cosl. H
i}i25.00 to $32,00 Suite for >    $18.76,
,'.Now Skirls in Voiles, Panamas and SorgoB.
We will offer our entire stock of Men's, Boys' and Children's Clothing at prices that will clean up/Oiir stock
Each suit specially marked on the ticket,   These prices hold good until Dec. 31st
1 j
' "*!
V      II


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