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The District Ledger Oct 26, 1912

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THE DISTEIi
V-j'.-'v^-ffiJ'^i- tp.
. ^^'i.V^tdjirL
NANAIMO COAL MINES
OPERATING CONTRARY
sMi;i.Ei;fr_
~. ■.,.
MINERS THEMSELVES; ARE PARTIES TO
THE VERY DAN6ER0US CONDITIONS
:i   7Anolaci(Mni™n;::
, , ^NANAIMO," ^ii,^6ct^?2.VBei__g 1^
Nanaimo recendy^trmade'it my"bust
.' f" ,        . . .   .*■!'".  i .'- '   *W"a'»     -       i-.-, -.
"ness to visit, what Ib, known as the
T' Jingle Pot' miner iltfis situated three-
vv        • - y
. miles u.fronfr. Nanaimo and derives its
name from-the. pitch'-of the slope:or
- declivlty.by^which the, mine is' enter-,
. - e'fl.,    The pitch ot this slope is 70 de-
greW.'anffone only retains-his foot-;
Ing!.by '..exercising' great/;caro,,whilst'
, Walking down it. , The task of coming
up Ib - somewhat different! *'" For", that
purpose a coiupfe "of carsare sent down;
the";'mine, for; the,,accommodation, of
the pit-bosses and fire-bosses who are.
'. tiiti's enabled to ride up.- Xttachedfto
the back of these cars ia ajonghemp-'
present wage.scale.-, A-national.strike,
in/this-industry is'predicted in. some
quarters. "So serious las "the agita-
tion^become that the master printers-
recently held a conference lirTurln' to
discuss .ways "and meaiiB of'combatting
a*strike.,, '•        -      •'   -,7-      \
,;,In the meantime theTabor council bf
Milan has proposed "a general nation-,
al strike as a protest against the war
and the prosecution of Italian Social-;
ists in connection therewith.' '
; Word comes from' Rome that, the
scavengers' strike there is still in progress and that the stench from accumulated refuse'in'certain' sections' of
the city has become Intolerable.
MUNICIPALOWNERSHiPr
. .....WILL BE-FOUGHT OUT
Coming Municipal Elections in London
,. Will. Centre Around Question .of
!*      Public Controll of Utilities',-?_.
s    „ y- ,- ,,.-:^L__. . . ,  -..
^LONDON, 'Ocfc'"22.—Af bitter municipal fight Is1 being waged between the
various parties preparing for the" approaching council elections, in London.
They/ usually/attract >little, attention,
but the Issue fcietweeif the .Moderates
who now control, most of the boroughs
and the Progressives has become so
«_. rope and'the'mlners are")6ermitted"'sharp that the campaign, is as excit
to grasp this rope and thus'be dragged,
'outjof- the,'i»1L-"*i Many oflthe;men*
carry Bhort pieces' of .rope or leather
with which, they .tie : their--bodies for
the/rope and fthus save^ th£ strain^ of.'
grasping it; aftl as'I stood'and waifth-*
edlr wondered what would happen to
those men .If the .engineer., made, a
mistake or the, rope were to break.,__
;    The men in the mines of Nanaimo"
f     vi"B-re w9rItIuS- under conditions' which
\, ,. «**.■ could not be much' worse.    The Coal
_ 7 Mines'Regulation Act'' Is bieing-"wilfully violated, by, the owners for;the
purpose of reducing tlieir working.ex-
'. penses, and in,at' least 'Jone'. of   the
: mines-fires are'burning all the time
. the men are at work.- ■    7 >,
, "fYet in spite'of ..those .conditions the
.miners;of Nanaimo hare declined to
, come.out on;8trike^along,;'jirith,. the
.   miners, of Cumberland^ and Ladysmith
/' for the.'purpose-of forcing the owners'
",.to apply the .provisions-of the Coal
|a ■
ing as a parliamentary contest. 7 Each
borough ' has * its own .-particular 'pet
problem, but-" running" through all of
them is the feeling that the. Moderates
represent the privately controlled interests while 7the' Prbgressives stand
for, the public'control of utilijies. v~
MAN WITH^; LbW WAGES',,      *
■^t 18 BETTER-OFF IN
S. < THE OLD, COUNTRY
cial Organ of District No. 18, XJ.M. W. of A.
GER, FERNIE, B. 0.,;OCTOBER 26,1912.
$1.00 A YEAR.
THE ETKIO-7
V     VANNIltl
(SpeciaMo the District Lei
SALEM,.Mass.',- Oct... 24.—Through,
an Italian detective the government
introduced evidence against both, Ettor
and Giovannitti at the .triar.today in
the Superior court at Salem speeches
wero introduced purported ; to have
been made'by both defendants, one
Implying compliment on the success of
the attack^on the. street cars: on the
morning of the day, when Annie .Lopez-,
zi was murdered and the other.,urging the crowd to come out under cover
of darkness'like wild animals to'break
the heads of.the scabs. An Italian
circular bearing the signatures of two
of defendants was put in as an exhibit and women were asked to leave
the. court, room,, while a. statement
attributed to Giovannitti was told to
the - jury. - In;. attacking this ■■ testimony the defendants declined to rely
upon the official/court interpreter and
summoned. one of their own.,. Yesterday there.was rioting in Salem and
street car,- windows were broken.  , -
STRIKERS  THREATEN       •• . , '   _,
... TO AVENGE COMRADES
SHOT BY THE GUARDS
.ryTffines-Regulation 'Act".of British'-Cok
; ".; uinWa'.*    ,7' .   •      "'■ "' .-'  '  '■•
VANCOUVER  ISLAND OWNERS"
. ^AIL TO STARVE COAL    "'"•*
. -7''/7'\C_«H^ER.3 INTO "SUBMlSSiON
TORONTO, Oct;' 17.—"With all 7that
can-be* said and 7rightly said with regard to the evils of the workers', conditions in Great Britain71'W- satisfied from my observations, in the United States that'any man who" earns a
lass, wage jthan three dollars a. day in
tbat.country would'oe better off In
Great Britain.'' .7y/ \-'f\-, ."'.
, Thus I spoke Keir Hardie,^ the veteran labor member; of the British parliament in., an'in terview' here^today:'.' As
the'rcqsCqf^^^
tedly, asiighi1 aB,v,!"if not -higher-than
the,cost oFwliying:in any .city, ln the
eastern states, Keir ^Hardie is probably, correct in,his -surmise,so far as
Toronto atany'rate is concerned. -",-.
.McGILL, Nev., .Oct. 22.—The first
bloodshed in,the strike of the copper
'miners, and' sineltermen occurred today when-,two''Greek strikers were
shot and killed-by company guards.1
* Immediately.^'followed, the riot,
Governor Oddie declared, martial law
and telegraphed Captain Donnelley
of, the state police to rush, his force
of the state police to. rush,his force
to .the district ■. y
The situation in the .entire district
is grave. Threats of vengeance are
heard on every side .and" several
clashes occurred between the Greeks
and Company guards.-
International   Will   Render  Financial
'Assistance and Loeked-out-
Unionlats Will Win
EUGENE V. DEBS'
^4
ADDRESSES 11,000
NEW YORK CITY.fc October 21.—
After, 11 000 ■ men..,and-^women had
crowded. irAo Madison;* Square Gar-,
den- to hear Eugene AV. Debs; Emil
Seidel and other Socialists, the-police
closed the doors, and 4 there were as
many in the streets outside aswere ln:
side the big amphitbeutre. "The police said that no such crowd had been
seen there since,Bryanfmade his first
speech in 1896. ■ The meeting, was
held to ratify the nomination, of Mr.
Debs and Mr. Seidel as candidates for
the presidency and ' the vice-presidency.       n     ,     "'*-.   , -
INDICT-8 SOCIALISTS
FOR ATTACK ON R008EVELT
PORTLAND, .Ore., Oct. , 22.—Eight
Socialists were today,Indicted by-the
Countyj.Grand. Jury on.,the. charge that
they, issued a circular attacking Theodore Roosevelt and Congressman Nicholas •, iLqngworth during -. Roosevelt's
visit,here. ,77;       •    7 '
The, circular, which, was, distributed
broadcast when .Roosevelt, waB .here,
referred to him as ihe executive who
"attempted/to1 murder .Moyer,;.Haywood and Pettibone." '• It also recited
tha^ Longworth is interested. in property,ih which dens of vice are located,'- .- _, •  , v7 .
MAY READ THE BIBLE, - ■
BUT NOT INTERPRET IT.
SAID R008EVELT DESERVED. t
7 7*      - .DEATH :AND IS KILLED
. PITTSBT7RG; Pa., Oct. 22.—Because
he declared in the presence of. a crowd
that-Roosevelt deserved the bullet he
got, James W. Colback, drygoods merchant was slain by two unknown men.
Colback entered a cafe. Thursday and
heard a group, of men discussing the
shooting of, Roosevelt.' •    ,
"He, deserved what he got," said
Colback,.'.'it's'too bad' that the'bullet
didn^t finish. him." .. . - -   y .
■ Colback i got a blow/in the face that
floored him. . He: arose and > rushed
at the man who struck.hinr. . Another
man plunged a-long<knife into Colback and killed him.-^  '"
PETTIPIECE GIVES   .
..UP.SECRETARYSHIP
Resigns from,Position With Trades
and Labor Council Because of Fed-
'eratlonlst Duties — J. W. Wilkin,
son Appointed In Place.. >
Mr. R. P. Pettipiece's resignation as
secretary of the Traaes "and .Labor
council was accepted last week'-at the
regular meeting of that body and Mr.
J. W. Wilkinson installed in hia place.
Mr. Pettipiece in tending his resignation to the executive and reiterating
his reasons to the meeting, stated that
he could no longer devote his time to
the secretary's work since the work
in connection .with the' Fedeartionist
demanded,his whole time. ,
' The. executive recommended that
Air. Wilkinson be appointed to the
place .with a salary of $20 a week for
part of his time The rest of it /was
to be. given'to the Federationist for
reporting civic committee and, council
meetings and such like, in accordance
with the decision of, the trades body
to follow more closely the occurrences
at civic meetings.    .
.The recommendation was primarily,
found to be ultra vires in naming Mr.
Wilkinson and the, idea of appointing
an official to give part of his time
stirred up a discussion lasting for an
hour" and a half.
The matter was ended by the election of Mr., Wilkinson over" Delegates
Jones ; and Burgess. Mr. Wilkinson
has.'.recently ^returned from a .three
months*, trip through Canada
Ends Martial Law
in West Virginia
Militia  Aided  Coal  Company to
Evict Tenants from Shacks-
U. M. W. Provide Tents.
FIVE THOUSAND DUKHOBORS
i!Church^and,theA-Bible2Ma-Topic-of
, Father Donnelly- at- Lecture -
ENGLAND HAS HALF       ..
-      -      MILLION UNEMPLOYED.
From a correspondent In Cumberland ponies a.touching story, of the
frantic ■ efforts being made " by   the
. "pit bosses" to get the mines started
again.     For the benefit of the lay
•mind it may be explained that a "pit
boss," is not a very7nlarming quantity.
He Is a kind of "superior" person who
gets about $3.75.4 per day for know.
' ing- just enough of mining to make
his limited intelligence useful to tho
mine.owner for tho purpose of slave-
driving.    In return for this, nine out
of ten "pit bosses!', aro prepared to
lick tho boots of a mine manager.   ,
Four ot theso purblind porlBhers-recently called a. "mass mooting" at"
Cumberland. The chairman said In
his opening remarks that ho had been
requested by two "rospoctablo citl-
zons," moaning thereby two of the
four "pit.boBBOB," to call a mooting,
Tlmt only loft, ono ,of tho four .littlo
nigger boys, bo ho got up and mado a
motion that they appoint a commlttoo
to go to Mr, Lockhart, tho superintendent, to ask,him to find tliem somo
work,
For the purpose of ensuring com-
I'loto harmony during tho mooting tlio'
door was guardod by four legitimate
coiiBtahlos and a numbor of company
thugs and dotootlvos. , Tholr ohlof
work was lo provont tho organl_.of of
tlio United Mlno Workors of Amorlcn,
tho recording socrotary of tho local
, union, and n cliool.wolg.imai. from ono
o^tli'o mlno« from, ontorlng tho meet*
Ing. "However, tho minora who woro
nlrondy lniiUIo refiisod to allow tho
mooting to procood until thono woro
ndmltled, bo thoy camo In, thon nil
wns calm .nnd brlglit,
' Tho company Is using nil tho usual
tnctlcfl of tholr kind, and hnvo served
writs on 16 aotivo mombon. of tho
union to nppoar ln iho ■upromo court
at Victoria.
Tho ownors as yot hnvo fnllod n't-
,vtorly to got tho mines going,   in ad-
; ' 'TdlMnn tho nnMnf»«Ti» nn« "ft*. _!rg v."!'.!
• ;ho tnlnom, and havn rftftiwv. to worV
nny machinery whloh tho owners may
want to u«o for tho purposo of taking
non-unionists Into tbe mines.—B, 0,
Fedoratldnlat.
Coloneh Lamb Says 20,000 Could  Be
Sent to the Colonies Now ".
LONDON, Oct. 23.—Under the pre-
sldeucy of Hon. George E. Foster, the
Overseas Dominion Royal commission
is sl ill hearing evidence regarding immigration. ' Colonel Lamb, of tho Sal-f
vatlon Army, said England ' had a
standing army of half a million partially unemployed people. Of these
20,000-* could advantageously be sent
ns emigrants, to, the dominions right
away. . Replying to tho suggestion
that British Industries. might suffer
If a permanent surplus of labor were
not available, Lamb declared that lt"
says little for tho organizing and
brain power of tho community If ton's
of thousands have to bo kept in a
Btato of under-omploymont for the sake
of, tho country's industries.
QuoBtloxied.why tho Salvation Army
practically confined its immigration
work to Canada, tlio .witness said that
they hnd no preforonco for' Canada
against Australia or South Africa,
Thoy sont tholr .pooplo whoro thoy
could got tlio bost roturns. Emigration to South Africa could bo carriod
out successfully only ns part of a land
sottloment soliorao,
LIEUT. BECKER GUILTY
IN FIRST DEGREE
"}ie Church and.the Bible" was the
topic chosen by the Rev. Father Donnelly, O. M. I.,-,of London, -England.,
■when He: add- essed' a • large audience
in "St. Mary's Church, Calgary, recently. ,. ■    .- . ",j  \].   .   ■
, ;'fMay people,? he said,. "havo the
idea "that the;children of,the Catholic
Church, are not allowed to read the
Bible.     That Ib not the truth.. They j
are allowed, even urged to read lt.
and every Catholic family should have
a Bible ln the home.     But they are
not allowed to interpret it.    The hand
of authority points and'Bays, 'This,is
what it meaiiB and this is, what you
muBt believe.'     They may not have
the Bible which so many Protestants
have, but they have a copy of the first
Bible translated Into English.     The
Catholic Church reverences and respects it as a pillar of truth, but does
not consider • it the sole foundation.
People havo beon told  tliat Luther
founded the Bible,    Luther was born
ln 1483.    At an exhibition In London,
England, in 1837, thero could bo soon
sovontoen different kinds of printed
Bibles ln German nnd Italian which
were anterior to tho birth of Luthor,
and which wore Issued by tho Catholic
Church. Many lntorpret tho Scriptures
to tholr,own destruction.    In tho Protestant faith thore are many difforont
sects, oach claiming to be,right, hut
oach difforont to tho othor.  Tlio truth
of two thousand years standing Ib
adopted by tho Catholic Church, and
Ib good enough for ub,   A church that
would go astray from that truth Ib
not worthy of God,     In Catholicism
reason must bow down to truth, and
tho children of tho church must accept tho truth as shown thorn by tho
authorities of tlio church,"
- MILWAUKEE, - Oct.' 22.—John Sch-
rank, _,the fanatic who" attempted ■ the
life of Col. .Theodore Roosevelt here
last week, was- arraigned- in district
court the-'other. day, pleaded guilty and
was bound .oyer-on $5,050vbaH.tp the
next term ; of^the/ municipal court,
which convenes December 10.  ■ ;•
NON-UNION TROUBLES
IN SCOTLAND
With the' consent of the Executive of
the Lanarkshire" Miners' Union, ", .000
miners employed in the three Summer-
lee pits, ^Bellsbillj,-- have struck work
as a;protest against' the employment
of non-union labor. The trouble has
arisen owing to a- section of the miners having refused to rejoin the Union
since the general "strike." At a meeting of the strikers, .Mr. John Robertson, president'of.,the Scottish Miners'
Federation, expressed the. determina-
„VANCOUVER, Oct. 22.—William
Blakemore, who was appointed a special commissioner for the British Columbia government to investigate the
Doukhobors has found tbat more than
5,000 of them are now living iiuthis
province. Less than 3,000, of them
are' now living in Saskatchewan. During the past five' years, 1,000 Doukhobors have left the community to
become independent farmers and these
are now doing very well in .Saskatchewan.
FORTY-FIVE MINERS PERI8H
Tasmanian   Mine   Catches   Fire—imprisoned for Days Without
Food and Water -,
HOBART, Tasmania, Oct. 22.—It is
now believed that 45 miners perlshe'.
in the north Mount Lycl'. Mine, nea1"
he e. which caught fire last Saturday.
Ke_< uers are still trying to reach the
tower levels, but as the men imprl.■-• lied there have been without food|; water and fresh air for several-days, little
hope for their safety is entertained.
The 51 workers imprisoned in the
1,000 foot level have been rescued.
Mining men^tate that the Mount Lyell
fire is the first disaster ih Australian
mining history.   .
WHOLE POLICE . .
FORCE RESIGNS
Lethbridge in predicament on eve
of congress—demand appointment of local inspector
ti65~o"fthe7ExecUtive~to "insist upon7
the men rejoining. ' The officials say,
that'unless a settlement is effected
the trouble, will spread to other collieries in the'"county, and over 5,0M
men will be affected."'• 7 '  "   ''"•-
pit'surface workers
WILL APPEAL VERDICT OF JURY-WIFE
»     SWOONED IN COURT ROOM
LETHBRIDGE, Oct. 21.—Tbo police
force of Lethbridge has resigned on
tho eve of congress week, The members of the force protested against the
appointment of Constablo Skeleton of
Toronto as inspector In preforehce to
a local man and threatened resignation unlesB the appointment waa rescinded. Tho mayor 'refused, declaring that the council would not bo
dictated to.
> Chlof Alone Left
Referring to the deadlock tonight,
Chlof of Pollco Davis doolared ho anticipated no difficulty in adequately
protecting tho city and keeping ordor
during tho rush of tho Dry Farming
Congress/ Ho had already secured'11
mon for patrol dnty and ns tlio nominal forco Ib about 10 inon, tho olty will
not be unguarded. Tho dlsgruntlod
mon quit at nix o'clock on Sunday
evening, leaving tho chief tho only
mnn on duty.
Though the "passing of the Minimum
Wage 'Act appears to have brought
peace Into the coal mining world a difficulty has recently: arisen with surface workors. . In Lancashire thoy
hove submited a wafces scalo, to the
employers providing for boys starting
at the age of thirteen to receive ls.
Od, per day, rlsifrg by half-yearly ad
yances to 4s. 6d. at twenty-one years
of age, and for first and second pit
bro wmon to havo 4s. 0d, and 5s. a day.
This was considered by the Lancashire
Coal OwnerB' Association at their or-
iliiury monthly meeting at the Quo3.i'b
Hotel, Manchester, and though ■ no
statement was issued to the pruss, It
is understood that no decision was arrived at. '
MINES PAY NEARLY
.     MILLION DOLLARS
•   CHARLESTON, AV. Va., Oct.'22.—   '
Governor William E. Glasscock today
Issued a proclamation restoring Fay-
ette, Raleigh and Kanawha counties to
the civil authorities, and ending the-
rule of martial law which he declared
in parts of,the three counties when
armed detectives, in the employ of the
mine  companies,   attacked  and   shot
striking miners, who refused to return ,
to the collieries. '    '
> When the milit ir,- authorities took .
ovei control of the districts,under martial law, thousands of rifles, revolvers
and rounds of ammunition were confiscated from the collieries, as were several' Colt' rapid-firing machine guns.
When the miners were assured that
they would be protected from the
attacks of the company thugs, rt__ey
willingly surrendered the arms which
they had taken" up to protect their
lives, ^
Many hundreds of miners and their
families are still without homes.   The
coal companies "dispossessed them be,
cause of their refusal to return to tbe
collieries under the terms offered by
the operators.     The homeless families are being taken care of by friends,
but as the latters' store is at the best
"meagre," the suffering is rfitense.
, Ten'companies of State troops will-
be kept,lri the field to assist the civil'
authorities and to prevent, If necessary, a-revival of the shooting of th«
stviklng miners.
Kootenay and Boundary Companies to
Date This Year Have Distributed .
Large Sums to Stockholders
7To,this date this year'five minbg
and smelting, and mining companies
in'the KootVnay'<and BiminS'ary'ffisiV'ict
have paid dividends aggre;?.U.n_. .032-
000., >k '
The Le Roi No. 2 Mine ut Rossland
has paid $30,000 in dividends'this year,
making a total distribution ol' proiits
hy the company of $1,521,42,).
Iho Nickle Plate of Hedl ■/ lias paid
S:*-0,000 this year, int* a total of $t).'!S.-
520. The laBt dividend, of 50 cents,
was paid on September 30 last.
The Standard mino at Siiverton paid
$325,000 since April last.
To date this year tho British Columbia Copper company at Greenwood
has paid $177,000 to its stockholders.
The Consolidated Mining nnd Smelting Company of Canada nt Trail has
pnld $220,000 this yoar.
PREMIER IN TOWN
DRIVEN BY HUNGER
TO CANNIBALISM
LABOR UNRE8T PREVALENT
IN ITALIAN CITIES
Rlie In Price of Fodituffa May C»ui#
Central Strike Against tht War
MILAN, October 22,—The, contit),u-
anco of the war In Tripoli, with the
i:oi.no(|Ui»nt rise in pricei of foodstuffs
and decmro In wages, li accentuating
thn labor un'reit throughout Italy.
Especially la thU notloMble In the
printing trado, tho organUod printers
of Mv«ral of tht tarrer cltiea having
d«u.a_ukt_ au upward r*vU.t.n ol th*
NRW YOniC,-Oot. 24,—Po.loo.LUmt.
Charles Becker was found guilty tonight of murder In tho first degree
by tho Jury which has hoon trying
I1I..1 for InfttlR-itliiff thn death of Herman RoHonthal. tlio gaiublor. The
verdict wna 'Murdor In tho First Do-
groo," and,,waa pronounced exactly
..'_.   ...ii_..Ifei.l. IJvl.itLl     lV«B   JtlJi.UI.UUU
for  flfni^nrr  to  ihr tomVs l>j' Juju
tloo Goff until  Octobor 30,   Ilcckor
did not flinch when ho hoard the vor-
dlot pronounced by Harold Ti, Skinner, foreman of tho Jury,    Mr«. Bock.
.     - rl--t*   •* ........    ,....,,   wvw,   w_   vuv
court room foil In a swoon whon tho
vordlot waa announced,
John P. Molntyro, Dookor'a ohlof
counsel, announced that ho would
tnko nn Immodlato appeal, but oddod
beyond thia ho had nothing to Bay.
NEW YORK,.Oct. 22.—Conditions
of oxtromo poverty nnd privation In
Vonoiiuola aro dOHorlhnd In a lottor
wrltton from CaracnB by a correspondent of tho Tribune, In tho Stato of
Trujlllo moro than Q00 parsons have
starved to death during tho lout season, it Is said,    Tho loiter continues:
"Ono, almost Incredible consoquonco
of th.» nnnrn'nt hn_rv>r "'«■ thf Mil
Ing of a baby by hln two nldnr broth-
ora, who thon roaBtotl tho hody and
oto It."
"The.American Brnployer," a no*
ant.-PocIfillit monthly publl.nll.._ of
Clftvaland. Ohio, li significant of tho
changing tlmei. When anll-So.lAllts
magailnpa appoar In tbo field It nl.owa
that tho maitora find thoy have no
adopt moro ttrenuout efforts to op-
poao mr progress.
COBALT MINERS 8TRIKE|
MINP C!.03!TP DOWN
CODALT, Oct, 2il.—Ono hundrod nnd
twenty mon, roproaontlngi tho total
strength of tbo Cobalt Townsite mlno,
wont on strlko yesterday and tho mlno
Ii dosed down. Tho men appoalod
for a nlno-hour dny.
A lady charged with kidnapping a
llttlo boy has hoon hold Innocent nf
any orlminnl Intent nnd discharged,
Sho probably would have boon saved
tho trouble of appoarlng boforo Judgo
MalntioB had nIio told hor H^ory at tho
pollco court, but hIio oloctod to go to
tho county court and explain matters
ln "a moro roflnod placo." Judgo
Mclnnos appreciated tho compliment,
hut tlio man ln tho street will wonder
what Is tho nature of tho "roftnc
mont" thut hangs around tho county
court, und think tho lady Is rutlior
llko MrB. Smith I*tho "Dab Dalla-H"
who, shipwrecked on im Uland, ant-
forod nil sortH of Inronvonlnnrp rntlmr
than hold Intercourse with Jonos, tho
only other survivor, to whom aiio had
"tot been IntroducaJ." Tho lndy'H
picfcr.nro for a refined ntmogphuie
not only caused hor hoiiiu Inronvu'i-
onco, but cost tho community noma
mom-}"-—Vancouvor World,
HAILBDURY, Oct i5.~Klvo Instantly killed and one fatally Injured
waa the, toll ofi an oxploslon which
destroyed tho Energetic Explosives
factory shortly boforo noos today,
while tho property Anrnngn will rwh
thousands of dollars.
REVISED VERSION
Tho prodigal had roturnod.
"Fnthor,* he said, "aro you going to
klhod tho fatted calf?"
"No," responded tbo old man, looking thc youth over carefully. "No;
I'll lot you live, tlut I'll put you to
work and train somo of that fat off
yoti."~"CoJt.mbi.« Dispatch,
OUR  RISING DI8CONTENT
Whon havo strlkos and political up-
hoavalB boon bo numerous as In thOBo
boasted yoara of prosperity? Novor!
Why do workers Btrlko?—becauso thoy,
have not produced enough? No, Tho
fight *!b ovor tlio things thnt havo boon
produced, Tlio workers ronllzo thnt
tho markets hnvo boon stocked with
their Burpluo product; that their Impaired oconomJo condition In tho result of having produced too much,
Paradoxical, but true.
"Woll," you say, "that explains why
tliey strike. What has thnt to do
wllh political upheavals?"
This. Man Ih by training n poacoful
Individual. Ilo Ib widen coring to find
n ponroful solution for his <'couomlo
problem. Strlkos cannot, bo nvoldod,
Hut ho understand)! that nn rollnf
comoM tlirouKh cnpltallHt mndo Uiwh,
When ho boor on strll<o tho political
powers nro hontlng him on the lu'iid.
Ilo then ronBons thus: "Thnt police-
mnn thnt boatfl mo on the bond wns
appointed by tho mayor I voted for.
I'll never volo for him nnnln."
In lho noxt strlko tho Judno whom
ho Huppoi't''d with his voto Issued nn
injunction ngainet him; or tho pov-
ornor has sent tho mllltla that breaks
hia Diiif-t1, Amidi hu ru-toivHrt to
change lilu ballot, IIo realizes, slowly
but supr-ly, ihtit this Ib a class govornmont; that what tha Socialists say
nbout voting and striking with hi*
tint,*, nm nt-ip his economic r.._i.)._,.or_,
Ho may not know tlio notation, but
horo Ih whoro Ms knowledge begins.
America's dl«cont«nt Is tho rtRltator,
the RorInllflt literature la tho educator
nnd tho Socialist movement la the or-
twnixfir, who*** nrflvlty will no. wim*
until tho oconomlo and political pow-
*r_? reot with tha producers of tli*
world's wealth.
Interviewed by Miners' Representatives
Sir Richard Mcllrldo paid n flying
vlfllfto Fernio on Saturday morning
nnd A, J. Cnrtor and Thos. Uphill took
tho opportunity of Interviewing him on
tho question of uns committee.. In genornl, a mnttor which hns caused a
BUBponslon of work In Ihe mlnoH on
Vancouvor Island, Tho mattor waB
thoroughly gone Into, tlio doloKUtlou
laying pnrtlculnr strosH on tlio necessity of protecting tho men who ncccpt
bucIi positions from discrimination.
Sir lllcbnrd gnvo his' nHsurnnoo, thnt
wherovei" It ran bo proven to thn dn-
pnrt mont that mon hnd been dlKcrltn-
Inn tod ngalnst nn account of going'on
KiiH'coinmlttonH ho would tul«o Inumv
dintn >HtopH to dnnl with the responsible offlclnls of nny nucli coinpnnleM
lu nn oxomplnry mnnnor, Ho fur-
thorn Minted Hint ho would Instruct the
nilni'H I n spec tors to keep it cIoho lookout nud to roport sucli com pun I.-h
who mny bo guilty of IndulnliiK In such
prncllcns,
CHARLESTON, W.' Va., Oct. 22.—
In spite of assurances from*-Governor
Glasscock that the State troops would '
not be allowed to take any active
part "to injure' the miners' cause, tho
soldiers were used ,to help evict ~fam
4lleB-on Cabin.Creek, without; any leg-"•
al, process. -   . '
• International Organizer Ed. Church
left for Cincinnati, whore he will pro-
cure tents to shelter the dispossessed
families. . Trusting to the promise of
tho chief executive of tho State of
West Virginia, no provisions had been
made for posslblo evictions. The' rosult was' thnt men, women and children had to sleep under tho .stars until
tho tents arrived.
Thoy wero told that they might remain in tho shacks, cnlled,houses by
courtesy and save their families from
exposure to the elements If they would
ngroo to go to work at tho operatora'
terms.     But,   knowing   what   thoso
terms moant, not n single ono of tho
strikers consented.   Hotter tho possl-
blllty of BlcknosB, or evon*death for
thomsolvos and families,    than,  tho
degradation ,tho companies demand as
a condition of omploymont.
_ Tho strlkorB aro bitterly disappointed ,by tho action of tho mllltla, which .
thoy welcomed bo gladly, hoping thnt
they represented n restoration" of tho
rights of citlr.onb of a froo stato, so
long donlod thorn.     Tho soldiers, os-
poclnlly tho men In tho ranks, aro still'
In full sympathy with   tho   striking
minors.    Hut nomo Influence has been
nt work, possibly thut "unseen govornmont" wo hoar so much about Hioho
campaign Union: and nppnrontly, tho
orders from nbovo nre, "Mnko them
go to work or auffor,"
MINERS AND SCABS
CLASH AT
ELV, UTAH
HALT MKI. CITY, Oct. 2.1.—WIk-ii
thi' niuiingenii'iil of tlm N"vndn Coiiho-
llduti'd Copper Cnnipntiy, nt Kly, nt-
t.<iii|>ii'd   to  hiniiKKh)  Hi-nliH  Into  tlie
works todny, trouble- broke out,    Tho
drilling lulii'Ti. w.'ii_ plcliVtlng about
tho company properly wh.-n the scaha
jnirhi'd,    Tho strlknm tried to Induce
IscaliH to leave tlielr pnrnlclous occu-
'itnllnn nnd were attacked by Ihe <;oin-
imny thtiKN nnd Hrnltti.
Mnny smnll fights resulted, but no
Ttu> f\<\«\\  tr._.i'' \\'.\<i  H"<t  the  nil
v    " IthnrltlcR nn cxciimp <n call ln the Stnto
TORONTO,   Oct.   22.—A dramatic |pollen.    Governor Spry, who hns ro-
Incident Is roportod from Mlmlco a By- fused to support the r-nmpnny hy sond-
Inrn for tho Insane,     At a rollgloun i»g lho State troops, promises to per-
v lnnrlittii*   r,nr>   ontt'illc vlnit tVr. »^,m,i..-m, .. 1, f,,.,   t,,v
FERNIE MAN FOUND
IN MIMICS ASYLUM
Politicians beg from tbe workingmen
on* dny fn the year, itntf WQl'klugHWiu
beg from politicians the other 361,
"How much aro these puppies, little
boy?"
"All a quarter 'cept that one, and
Un'a U.ii.>'-We tbuta—he swallowed a
dlmo yeatorday."—Puck.
fiervlr*1 held nn Sm.iln\
of tho pallonts, Alexander Hills, ugod
35,''suddenly pointed nt another patient ond snld; "That Is my brothor."
No attention wait paid to htm at
first, but he persisted in hla statement. Investigation proved that lho
other patient was Harry H1IU, aged
HO, who wont to Kornln, ll. d, mnny
yenrs Ago nnd was thnunht to hnvo
perished July 31, MOD, ns hla relatives
hnd heard nothing of him slnco that.
Hln mind had l-Hom* affected and h«
crossed to the western stntos, whore
tlto authorities deported him on learn-
Iiik lh*t h« orli.ini.-ly hf.nngri. lo
Toronto.
ing uny action in the mutter,
Advices from tlut Utah Copper com-
pnny, nt lllnKlmm, mtntit that everything is unlet. A tcrblo attempt Is
being mndo to mlno or<\ but only throo
atenm shovels aro In operation. The
company Is trying to uet additional
(t-jnltfi, hut N meeting with small sue-
ret*. At the riarflold smelter th*
thirty mechanics nro Mill out.
Vice-Proa.dent Jafkllng, has pergonal charge of thn works, nnd is
working day and night In an effort to
make some sort o. a showing In the
production of or«», with the incapable
force of acaba, '."-.     _. f..'f  ''» Si - 'l -'.-"■
PAGE TWO
v_.
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, .FERNIE, B. 0.,-.OCTOBER 26, 1912,
-ysyyyysy ■ ystys7'y
■7..  '7 7  ■'.'. '.>.->.,v_7y*"
SOCIALISM AM)
ETHICS
By Jacob Axelrad ,
Karl Marx, when he set himself the
task of collecting and collating- the
facts of history, disintegrating and
analyzing them, deducing t from and
prophesying with them, undertook a
work of -ethics. He sought a basis
for ethics, and he promulgated rules
of ethics.
.Men standing at the head of religious, social / reform and political
movements interpose one supreme objection to Socialism.' They do not see
the ethicizing of society, but claim for
it* that it only aims at the material,
physical enhancement of society.
Tliey cannot Identify _ themselves
with a movement that preaches the
gospel of class-consciousness, that lays
down principles which, if need be,
must be realized by revolution, in -all
its grim and ghastly and terrifying aspects. They cannot set their stamp
of approval upon .a movement which
bears upon its escutcheon the flaming colors of equality, fraternity, liberty; the emblem of the arm and the
torch—for the reason that that'very
torch must not only shed new light,
and more light, upon, and discover to
weak eyes, the noxious and nauseous
.conditions of our present system, but
must also, if need be, set fire to that
reeking and filthy heap, that dung-
heap of inequality, non-fraternity, and
pseudo-libertjyof our present-day civilization.
This is the unethical (so-called)
side of Socialism. Therein lies the
cause of the distrust inherent in so-
called esthetes, and upon such reasons the clergy rear I heir ramparts
from which they hurl their vituperative s<?rmons and illogical invective.
If our standard of ethics is to be
the present day standard, I am afraid
that Socialists will find themselves
somewhat handicapped—not much,'
but nevertheless somewhat—in that a
to conform to
and
by precisely those who find that Socialism is unethical.
Obviously, it is hardly fair to say
that which is ethical this side
of the fence? is also so on the other.
A standard of ethics set up by the
ruling class (since all rules of conduct
Socialist will have
standards set by non-Socialists
rr
THE~FEKNIE
LUMBER CO.
A. McDougall, Mgi'
Manufacturers of and Dealers in all kinds of Rough
and Dressed Lumber
ROYAL
HOTEL
FFJUNIE
Bar Unexcelled
All White Holp
Everything;
Up-to-date
Call in and
sco us once
—social, industrial^ and political—are
dictated by those uppermost iu • society, industry. and politics) cannot
be a permanent standard. As all other
sets of rules—other than > those of
positive science—change and .continually assume new forms and interpretation, the- same species of metamorphoses must apply to ethics. Thus,
although it was perfectly ethical in
the South during our pre-Civilt War
perlo'd to buy, sell and exchange human beings, it is today inconceivable
that such conduct sould ever, have
been considered right and ethical.-
The quickened conscience of the people tore to' shreds tho pseudo-ethical
garments of a rotten system, and
threw over the shoulders of the country , a cloak which, though' ethical
theoretically was after all not so literally. It was only a cloak, nothing
more. The system had not been
changed, but the conventional form
merely.
Our vices have taken loftier turns—
our code of ethics has materially
changed from theirs. The law, which
to a great "and greater extent governs and controls the current ethical
standards, ^not so very long ago/
deemed it perfectly proper—aye, ethical—to inflict capital punishment for
approximately fifty different crimes.
Today tho law has so changed that
in no country is death imposed for
more than the one supreme offense—
murder in cold blood and with malice
aforethought—and the pulse-politic is
beating with ever increasing intensity
at the punishment which admits of
no reform at the murder which is
thought (alas) to expiate murder.
The clergy from time immemorial
have believed — either sincerely or
otherwise—in its divine right to direct
the.destinies of men, By degrees it
has accumulated vast wealth and
brought under religious and moral
sway peers and - princes. ' Unrelentingly it has exacted tribute (Peter's
peij.ee) for its support and maintenance. The chosen of 'God and the
elect of men (noble so-ca'lled) began
to lay hands on everything that was
at all worth while. It is. significant
.that the feudal system flourished and
knight errantry prospered*, side by
side.'-" Crusades were begun for mutual benefits. By degrees it became
possible for the literal prime,minister
oi the Almighty to immolate himself
in a stronghold as mighty as that of
the bravest   (most wicked)    of ' the
parous. _C__e_Eope_.bc.ay-,—although-
shorn of much of his ancestral power
and glory, is still a powerful and
glorious monarch. He still owns immeasurable tracts, and directs the
forces of innumerable hosts.
It was undoubtedly, considered unethical in those fascinating .days of
the lists to even think of the utter
unrighteousness of a system which
thrived ot. the toil of tlie servant and
(he villian, which exacted tithes for
taxes, Ono might almost discover—
if ono wore but perspicacious—a cortnln humor in the whole ghastliness
of tho utter thievery of that era. To
think of your slave fighting in order
to keep himself a slave hns in It a
touch of humor, albeit tinged with- a
rending pathos, which must nppoal to
tho student of history, to the economic
Interpreter of history, ■
And yot. times changed, " Unothlcnl
pooplo demanded a Magna Chain.
Forsooth, thoy got It. Whnt then?
Less nnd lefts there nppoorod the vor-
nlforni appendix of an unhealthy system, less und loss there appeared llio
diminutive "Dart." after tho name of
milord tills and milord that. Thoso
gentloinon—tlio ■ cream of society—-
of ethics then curront. Who will
gnlnsny thai? Theso gi'iitlomoii—tho
whipped cream,of society—PvOntunlly
lonrnod'of u now code of, otltlcs,'
ISventually thoy wore taught a new
code of othlcH,
It, mny hnvo boon tlio artistic In-
HtlncL which prompted .Voro to burn
Homo, and then, nl'lniue with thn In-
Hplrntlon of perishing imililuulm., lo
write poetry und hIhk lyrics'IrnnflciMi-
iiuni In tholr Hploniloiu. nut 1|, was
hardly—hardly otlilcnl, That Ib olonr.
Mill HiippoBlng thorn wiib ii Lincoln
"nttlng flro to towns, jiormltllng tlio
Hlaylug of miiliiliuli'H, onenunmiug
tlio doviiHtullon oi' iu.'ivh, nud over this
ruin und mim-ry tunliif. iho lyre to
the HWictcHt utriilmi of liberty .tho dl-
vliiitHt musk: ol' I'm lorn liy, Uiu houv-
mvrnm
JOHN PODHIELANCIK, Prop.
our waking hours „-in earning that'
which will enable.'usV for a fraction
Of''those, waking hours <'to enjoy some
of'the good things, of. life. ' To} do
this there must first be-life; ".and tp
provide for! .this,-- the% working! hours
of our waking hours, It'Is necessary
that we eat, drink,-clothe-and",rest.
Obviously, when so mucin, of- our lives
is spent in providing for our bodies
there cannot' be much- time left in
which to. cultivate the intellect". Although "mentality is at par and above
only;when the physique also is at-par
or above, yet, say some, it is perfectly
possible and probable that our mentality may be and in isolated instanc-"
es has been, serene and lofty, notwithstanding cthe fact that the • body,
was crippled either through dismemberment, or starvation,- or poverty.'
or other reason. True, very'true.'
But only in isolated cases have we
had men such as that. Only in isolated cases have men risen' above their
conditions, ^and it is truly marvelous
that they have. , Of what avail to
humanity as a whole'' that .there are
some who meekly can bear the cross
and unmurmurihgly march to Calvary.
As it is today, we strive to meet
and overcome that specter in the
form of a nine or ten'hour day. It
is for the waking working hours that
we strive. We work ten hours' today
for the supreme privilege of doing
the same tomorrow. The prime instinct is th'e^ impelling force, and human associations the controlling one.
Since wjb are 'engaged so actively,
so strenuously, so killlngly, in ' the'
task, ,of keeping body and soull together, It is not-unnatural'to place
great emphasis upon that task, to
seek to define it and endeavor to explain and alleviate it.
And it is explained. It is defined
and made, 'clear. Students of. economics "need; no other suggestion'than
the word '-'Profits," and they" understand in,a-moment the reason of and
for'this intensity of ^exertion, ■ this
madness    *of •   resolution,' "Profits."'
_
That is the watchword of a civilization that is,as goading and as harass-
in _,, ;ii any we-have read of—as' -iuy
we have-or can imagine. It is a grim
specter, gaunt, merciless, conscienceless, pitiless.- The merest babes;are
whipped with Its flail-like lash. The
tenderest, women arc stripped by its
homey- and -calloused fingers.. The
bravest, best, god-like men, are. shorn
of-their.honor; tlieir manhood,' "and
their humanity. It is the scythe that
is blindly sweeping across the flowing-golden'grain of human souls. . It
is the fiery hell of shame that engulfs
the -weak and helpless and. unguarded.
It ;is the.'whirlwind, and sand storm,
the,deluge. 'li.is Deaith! 7 '",'."
-^-Picture-to-yourself-an-ulcer—a-ran-
corous ulcer—at first but small, but
gradually growing, growing, growing
threatening to'poison the very,vitals—
spreading'-with .ominous speed in
every direction—gnawing its way to
the very heart.. ,' See imminent death
impending. '- See the systom of today
with it's profits arich its greed. And
then - behold the vaccine that shall
enter, and kill off the vermine and
germs; that- shall permeate through
and cleanse Tind purify ■ the blood;
that shall cause the * throwing off of'
tho spurious- filth, and the accumula
tion of" new blood, new life. Beholdr"
a new man; a strong heart, an intrepid soul,,    Behold Socialism!
Socialism, alone sees the, reason ,of
tho hard, .uncompensated toll. Socialism undorstnnds the significance
of profits. Socialism cries out in;
clarion tones'aguinst the Iniquity'of
gain _ at another's loss, Socialism
points tho wny, politically, scientifically, ethically, to tho obliteration'of
these Iniquities, to tho resurrection of
tho kingdom of,'heaven on earth—-n
kingdom which once hns been, though
history has failed to record lt—nnd
which onco again shall bo.
What mon ni'o working so tremendously for,, thoy must hnvo, nnd
should hnvo, Thoy nre worlitiig—moro
lli'iin for.anything olso—for tlio menus
of siibslHtoiico, of existence. Thia thoy
Bhould linvo, TIiIh thoy should imvo
without bo much effort, for lt Is Immoral. II Ih crylngly unotlilcnl to pro-
vlilo prol'ltB. It Ih a degrading proposition ulll.o for the mut_U.tr and tho
Horvnnt. It Ih robbery, lognl tlilovory,
nmy il plcaiip you, to tnko whnt anothor produces, 'ovon If lio Ih stupid
oiiniiK'li to glvo It, up without, question
or.iirotosl. Hut it. 1b cruel, wniilonly
wlcldid, to do ho whon tlioro Ih n pro-
lost, u vain, I'utllo protest, for thero
you nro ilnnllng with tho moral man,
nml with one whom you ftlmll lnhnl
iniDllili'iil Hliould ho soli to mnko IiIh
Used means or tools of-7p^b'iiuction.
The tools should be .his whovu_es;and
needs theny Think a ^hilq, brother,
the tools, shall    be   'his-'^ho needs
them.' '* Instead of the'.operation'-V of
' •' ■*..,'      t   -. ,,-;_  -
industries- (tools \n\. mammoth'.proportions)'for the benefiti'ofj the.individual,; who at best can but", use an
in'fintesimal part of the/produce, the
Socialjst. desires the 'operation of'
these.industries for the benefit,-of all.
Instead'of production ror.its own;sake
—as a basis for profits, in \ the "shfepe
of dividends', interest, ■ rent,' e'to.—tlie
Socialist demands production for consumption only. -Instead 7of- filling
storehouses, and granaries -with..'surplus, products, i. e.,jproducts for which;
according to'.'economists, there is no
demand, men' and -women 'and ■ children should be well filled,and,,plentifully supplied with the-fruits;of the
earth and their toil. • ' '.'
There is no need for tliis overwhelming production, of commodities,
except the need of profits. 7T_iere ls
no necessity - for the periodical comatose condition of industry brought on
and superinduced by a senseless overproduction | ad under-consumption.
Crises, but not in the narrow sense
whereof they speak. Crises, indeed,
when the rich grain lies fallow In the
granary instead of snugly ln the,tissues and muscles of those that havo
planted the seed, nurtured the fields
and cut the fruit. Wearing apparel
molderlrig to dust away, while-''the
masses shiver in their nakedness. -^
Thus Socialism proposes to use the
social tools of production collectively
and" for the benefit of., everybody.
Each individual'owning,the tools he
needs'* (in the collective ""co-operative
body) and, each- receiving exactly
what he earns or produces, with,no
profits to another. In simple term's
this is the task that the Socialist has
undertaken to accomplish. ' - .   -    ',
•'' There is nothing unethical in thief.
Admitted.' But what is there ethical
in it? is-asked.' You are d'ealing^vith
.the material,' physical man—are. you
not absolutely ignoring the ethical
and-moral?''       *
The'answer is yes'and no.' Yes, .we
are ignoring r-the ethical needs , of
man,'because we take it as a self-"
evident' and*, incontrovertible truth
that ft- ,is unnecessary to preach
morals to a'man, so long .as you but
take away all motive for being otherwise.- _Yes, because given the .opportunity, and leisure, a man will" cultivate the inherent potentialities of his
spiritual 'nature, of his soul, if you
please. Relieve him from the*oppres-'
sion'bf physical need and you release
him from the shackles 'of material
aspirations, sordid ambitions and-unmanly endeavor's. "> Take from ."off his
back—tlie-burdeii-ofrsubsiate'nee^rand-
you will place'on his mind the glory,'
and enchantment'of-'exjstence. Make
it not only. possible but positive tliat
the tomorrow shall ,not bear in its"
hand a Gorgon's.;head and you .will
insure a heart that will not turn to
stone, fake away the motive' for unethical bid Immoral'conduct and yoii
mny reasonably. suppose tliere shall
be none, Man is deserving of such
faith. ,, ,'       7, '*
■   Socialists understand that   man- is
human  and*'they  love him  for that
reason.   Socialists take It for granted
thnt human beings are' Incapable of
divine conduct' (whatever   thnt, may
be), and for  that reason they seek
not   lo   obtain the impossible   from
them.     They know that' a( man' may
bo ethical, nol withstanding   the   fact
thnt ho Is othorwlBo'   treated,     But
thoy  desire  and   strive ' for  it—that
men  shall  be  treated humanly and
righteously, and  thus- Insure beyond
poradventuro ethical conduct on their
part,
Socialism recognizes that ns a ru'lo
the 'physical man Is greater thnn tho
spiritual, hIiico the physical is continuous nnd persevering In his demands,     It thorofow'onuncl'ntOB Mio
doctrlno tlmt you must assure    the
physical man of future comfort if ynn
oxpoct to permanently and increasing-
ly stir hln othicnl and moral' hoi.hI-
bllltloH,     It. knows, 'finally, Hint this
.'hiout quality, this otlilcnl quality of
the man, struggles'' to nchlevn proportions nud to assort IIboH'; that It moots
with   rebuffs   und   dlscourngomontH,
und that iih soon us theso disconcerting factors lire removed lho splrllunl
uplondor of man will bloom and grow,
Blioddlng joy around It, perfuming tho
tiliuosplicro of Ufa with tlio Rtvootoflt
and flnoHt  of iIoikIb,     Sorvlco slmll
ho tho passion, not RolflBhnoits,
How, thon, cnn It, bo said' that.So-
nlallum nml ethics nro divergent, or
thai. oIIiIch begins   where   SooIiiIIhui
Ipiivph off, thm. thoy aro not, one and
Intu'piirJililo.     is It .liowinso   of   lho
mariner In which It hooIch to nci'hm.
pIlBh Iih end?   And wluil llioii Ih tlmt
niiinnor or mothod hy which Social-
Ihih HooliH to brliiB nbout lho, doHlrod
result.
Ah Iuih Homuwhorch . alrondy    boon
mild, I hoy Imvo takon up tlio torch
for a twofold purpoHii,   Nothing Ih bo
tint    prlnolploH   which-  fundiii._r.ilnllv ItM'V   liitnriiroifd   w-.nnmIciil.vN   tho i well hoiiIimI iiu thn fnct thnt flnnlnlNtq
Wi toward iho making nf ,ilmt  .iilirln I (Infilling of tho forens tlmt. have nn- I wImIi only to una that torch  to  on-
iuii'iiiimm- ituil hu.-. wlieilu-i' or not i uiiil into tho building up of n b.vh- i ImliU'ii- tlm uiludH of mon, to cast a j bor, "carrying conls to Nnwcniitln," ap-
only melody of equality, mid you j protoHl iiffoctlvn, Thn hungry nye, tho
hnvo ii picture lh:it Ih not artistic, but Mrnlo IIjih, tho .withered fniino, nro Iho
thut Ih ctlilonl—•murk you woll—Pllil. j nnun protOHts of tho iiuihh, Tho form
('»l- l bonding ovor the mnchlno ll Iuih ore-
U'lUi thlH Introduction wo mny por- | a toil. In humble iidnralliiii nnd wnr-
hi'im with Impunity proci'od upon our j whip, 1« a muto protest iignlnst tint
wny. HoclnllHiii kUhhIh for cortnln ! world. , Tlio ulnnlcd brow, tlio loose
di'l'lnlto prliKlplcH, Jn order in hitjjuw, tho vacant mure of tho liocmnn
nblo tf) properly my whothor or nol j In a muto protoHl, agaliml. lho cnn-
SuclitllHm in othicnl w»> iuuhi firM hiiiii jturluH of tyranny und oppreHKlon, tllfi-
then that tpjrch will, "whether^; wV„wiU ■■
it or not, .jgnite,'set aflame uthe' sweltering, filthy-Wss;,j tt'-vflll .enkindle'
the rubbish, and^blear "the"'earth""of
the evil's which''infest',.it';-in short,
that very torch1 will.'as'.i^must.'sym-'
bolize the revoly.tion\that will "eventually, should the other,not be'.responsive, supersede tb.e-evolution.7-\,_.-",
_ That*, is clearly' unethical and. immoral, our opponents say.*; They' are
horrified by.,the mere word' fevolu-y
tion. ,T&ey forget the American and
the; Civil revolutions. \.They' "forget
that the last' straw; 'that'.'breaks;the
camel's;back is-,,after alf, heaped on,
by the merciles driver,( completely
out of sympathy- with';,the' driven.
They stoutly maintain that to confiscate property—to'7shed-blood,'.to injure—is unethical. - And; Ve are ,'the
last to deny that., But what is urged
here and now is , this:' that under
certain* circumstances .the most unethical conduct might be 'th'e'/onlyi
proper and ethical; If to" oppress" is
unethical, then to oppress (which is
to repress) oppression is.ethical.'' If
to steal is unethical,, then to recover
thfff which was stolen is ethical. - If
to kill Is unethical, to forcibly1 protect one's self Is ethical. If to enslave*
ls unethical, to obtain freedom,' in any
way and at all hazards, Is ethical.
The' Socialist is earnest, but he Ib
gentle; he is firm, but he is tender,'
He stands for complete emancipation,
hot merely external arid perfunctory,
freedom. He stands for the emancipation of'the white and-black.'arid believer* and unbeliever, the rich and the
poor.-, 1 ,
He'"aims,high and will not compromise nor cease his struggles for the
highest until there ~is no longer need,
lie knows that the texture of humanity is blood and* tears,' and' seeks to
strengthen the fabric with joy' and
love. •' He'-knoVs th_vt what' a man .is
''worth" 'is no' criterion ' as^ to . his
value, arid that he is only valuable as
he is free—free in everything! Mammon is the devil*for him* and he
knows that today mammon is worshiped.. . -He is. trying to show men
that there is a'greater'god'-than mammon—man. He knows that there are
classes today, and that they are anta-'
gonistie,' of- the highest morality-: of
brotherhood.- ■ He' seeks to displace
these classes, andi merge, them into
one mass, one commonwealth; - one
union—the brotherhood' of man. He
sees and he knows. All history for
him is. a battle for, freedom. '' ■ The
ages yet .reverberate with the clash-'
ing and' din., of arms, and lie' understands tlieir meaning and their import.
Ho' abhors'war and' murder, even
though it' be legal. • " '- • ■'
' Man' is 'an- infant-god, "says he,' aiid
his day is, yet'tolcome, his sun,is yet
to4,isey^he""iutur-rfo^liiT_rtlv_ill"TJe"
an-apotheosis' of magnificent" proportions. Men and women shall "love
truly, .^dee'ply, '.soulfully. Children
shall., be young, and youth. - blushing.
.Men'shall<1,bei joined, heart to heart;
the, hand clasp shall 7 be* vise'llk'e,
strengthened, with the impulse of unadulterated friendship. .-.There 'Shall
be, no more .wealth,' no more .poverty.
The air shall' be a-thrilj w.itli the vibrant tunos of health and pleasure;
the hearts of the' chlldron of the
earth shall be aglow with the fire of
sorvlce and duty.' Ineffable, pence
shall abound over all and the souls
of. men "shall be.ns' the' untroubled
water of a, placid pond., The petty
meannesses shall coaso to exist, having" becomo needless, nnd the groat
ills shall be "no more, having become
useless. n
Socialism hns drawn the Indictment
of the prosont system, The jury Is
Impnnoled nnd the, trial Ib on. ^ Tho
lirosQcutlrin Is merciless in Its scathing and Intense endonyors, for Its
cause Is a rlght_*ouH one, Rthlcs ls
adhered to—and what Is ndhored to
is otlilcnl. Tho verdict Is no longer
In doubt,
I hoard it prayer boiuo time ago,
and it wont thus: "Oh, mny tho tlmo
ho not. fnr dislnnt whon orror shall
ho no moro, whon corruption and evil
shnll glvo way to purity nnd goodness." I hoar a command now;' and
It Ir tlio1 command of Socialism. "Wo'
nnriipstly sny thai'the time la not far
distant whon error Hliiill bo no more,
whon corruption and ovll shall give
wny ,to purity nud gooilnoBB,"
Tho volco or Socialism i'Ihuh tumultuous abovo tho haranguo, tho
Invo'ollvo, tho criticism, lho effrontery
of today,. In miiJoBty It HpoaltH.
Tlinndoroiifl are It h nc^onts, In
liglitooiiwioHS lt doninndfl, Kloquont
nro Its plondlngB, Iii.JuhIIco It shall
ntlnln, for It hciiiiho Ih Just,—Now
York Call.
* \w»s $ y '     ,{y?/'X.j X
; Dealer Un;
.V^-1 "fSt
7[S
9'. '■
,'<k    v   .*-',--
K . •* -V." -'",;
St^|& Ranges
Fanc3r-'^Gpods 'aLnH-Sfafibfaier^.
BELLEVUE
'■\7
Alberta
/.
•7.7
y(
Waldorf
Iffotel
"    P. V, WHELA~N,"Manaoer7:
Rates $2.00 arid up
Hot and Cold Water   !
r    Electric Lighted  .
8team, Heated..
'Phone In eve^y room-
Sample Rooms, on Main*
'-Business Street.
Meal Tickets, $7.00
8pecial Rates by the week and
the month and to Theatrlcalpar-
tles.   Try our
Special Sunday
Dinner
The -.finest of' < Wines, Liquors
and Cigars served by competent
and obliging wine clerke. >
Fernie-Fort Steele
Brewing Go,, Ltd,
Beer ' -
j     . '   j_  , y
and
Porter
- '-,- ■ .   .   * y\t.     --,
Bottled Goods a Specialty
'.V
TRY   A, "LEDGER"   WANT   ADVT.
gf     t   Uf        *
[DISEASES OF
7
tt
V
c
O
M
-1
I
CURED
I positively cure threo-fourths of I
ill toe cases that are absolutely in-'l
'curable'by.any methods other thanl
Ithoso I employ. I do not care who!
ihas treated you or how long or byl
what .moans he has, treated you,]
the probability is that I can curel
lybu, and I will be able to. spe'akl
definitely in the matter when,IJ
'know the details of yonr case. .'
Write.for Free Book ■
- If you can't call tit my- offjcel
I write for my book, which" describes!
liny" method. All letters nro givehf
{special attention..       ■   '  .■
DR. KELLEY'S MUSEUM
21,0 Howard 8t, Spokane, Wash,
§     UK.
2 - 2i° h
i
CLUB
Cigar Store
W. A. INGRAM
Wholesale and Retail
Tobacconist
Barber Shop
Baths
,  Shoe Shine
■Billiards and Pool
Coffee and Sandwich
Counter
Hazalw.ioa Buttermilk
, Victoria Avenue
''   I -
. B. C.       Phone 34
Large Airy Rooms. &
". -;>-    Good Board
7KW^Itm0^J^^.
&
i!
■, Nowhere In the Pass can be
found  In  such  a, display of
Meats
We  have  the   best   money
can buy of Beef,   Pork, Mut-.
ton, Veal,,  Poultry.    Butter,
Eggs, Fish, "Imperator Mams
and Baoon" Lard,   Sausages,
Welners and Sauer Kraut.
ii       . ■ .
PHONE OP CALL
Calgary Cattle Co.
Phone 56
,(
\
__._.
>«»«»CfrO«»0*
The onrlloHt uho or tho word "ulrllto"
In tlio BoiiRo of Htopiiinir work opcuvb Iii
tlio l.niKlnn Chrnnlfle for »o|ttnniliur,
17IH., In ooimootlon with u cnnl Htrlko.
TIiIh imblloiitlou ii.|_urtH u Kront huh-
IkiiibIoii of labor In tlm Nortluimltor-
lnnd conl fiol.li., nnd tlm tiolllorft nro
utnlcd to Imvo I'Htnick out," for n
liiKlutr bounty  before  onlorliiK Into
tllf'h' IIHltlll  vniil,|v'"l.rii.H "      Tlm tin-,-
lionorotl  lIlUHtrnilnn  of  iivnfltw« "in-1#   '    Flrit clan Honei. for 8alo.    f
Livery, Fee. j
and Sale Stables
i*™-'***wr\»m\tl\\m
KING'S  HOTEL
Ibtr  ku|'|i1ii-iI, with   tin-   iifht   \S mii'm.
:i l.iijiiiii'N nmlCIkiii-n
mSlSt>   U»M»\I   IN   .:ONNI..'T.MN
till.)    Ill l-   t:tl|l('itl
SotlallMn in ,-tlho,
t'liillKin In not (.illicit
- Hie iiiinii'tillonalilo,
I'H'HI,   Ihl'll,   Wll.'ll   1\U
If tltt-y am. ilh'ti ,i''»i liiut ulvttn rimi to hikiIi protowtH, jl»rllll;iiit IttHU-r upon, tlm ovll/ of tho
If tlu'y am not. Kit-|«li''tln-'r thoy bu ninlu or wlntUiqi'tboy j<J;».,  to fwii.-t  UiioiikIi  It  tin.  publlo
ililii; new ri'll(.lnn. tliltt ov<>rw|n>]n)lii|!ly
l«Klcnl i-i'IIkIoii of mnn. Soi'lullHm l«
•Ititt <t(m>i| il .thrill not niti'inpt to dcul
mid it Hiu'IiiIIhI 11'" overt
I    Koi'lullsiii pmat'liPH   and    HooIiiIIhI-I
tin1 f.'iu'iH of i imirlico  tin- fco,_pi.  of IiouohIj*.      It
W. MILLS,
Plot)
|:t\s lUtvvii fiiwlnniputiilly tlio H<t|f-ovl-
ilonl  iruilt tlint  wlmt n  iiuni onrns
Hlimild ho IiIh to (1Ih))ohi> of uh ho IIh<»,
with tho nubjt.'t wflfiiitirifitlly, HlncoiH otninolnttta tho doctrine Unit you
nil HfUmii Ih otlilcnl) which toar-hon |caniint mnko it profit without tiatiBlng
•rut nil te.. it I'liould o'.vi. tl..- ....il.illj |:motl'.cr n loi.ii. li .-.\>.i |'i,._l und Uu
iih(mI itiHniH or'toolH of production, mul  thnt you »hnil not daro to tnho what
'Inn ' ,i !; it.au <,..i,u_U ^.i-i „i| i|u,i |H,  U nut you ia. thai >un hUU not l».i\t> (illiitrlUti.lnn ,.r Wm hlnHhlnKM
linxltici'rt.   U-t nm h<o.     It Ik nlmplo
of «'oiiipr<ln<iinlon thnt otir boillly. jihjr-
mIciiI hoci|« nr<* th<> otioin which ncctipy
nyt! upon the ntiHolutoly Imponfllhlo
uiiJiiKtucsH and Inhumnnltv of man
i««'iinl lilu lirotlior liocumo,, of tho
oKtiuiI titriiKKln for oxli.tc.if'.>. Tho
torch iniiHi act nn tho boncon llfiht
which tiliail brlKhtfii Iho hIiikIoWB of
thn lilKhwiiy of llfo nnd,provont din-
nHtor, It Im tho Hymbol wo profor for
tlu   pcmrful  .ujlutlon    ubli-li    (.ball
ponrotl to Imvo rocclvotl Its firm, slop
In Uiu Into tliiriiiK thlH Btrlko. Tho
Ohroniclo rnports Hint "flovonil pokon
of oonl Wflro bronnlit from Dnrlini.. tn
XowcrifiUu by ono of tlio common cur-
rlorH nnd sold on the Biindltill for (hi.
n poko, by which ho deni-oif Od. a
poko." !
Tho A, P. of
1i,ih btKUi)  In' t-„
I_, oxeputlvo'counoll
i in-i<. n t-ampnlBti of
llio opportunity to take what Ih..not jonrili.
yours; that you Minll have no mollvo i    Hut If thut Ih Imponulblc; If it Is a
for iriltlnpr whnt Ih not you.f, j frultlcRit tntiK   tn   ./.xposc   the   diin«
tbo iimtt or our nttonrlon, mid that [    And nnv nn to tho Hocontl, of tbojhonp nnd ituiovor tho muck;    If It
tbiK-  iif-vj*  arc tbo fiflinao   hiich. i itrUuary |irlnc-it/il.ts /li«t Mtaru'd wltb. f piovt-s ol nu uvitll lo oltlitcrato tho
(ivoutitiilly tcrniliHtto In. tho oqultahlo j oruanltotlon nmoni. Hir iron nnd ntfid
oi tho iliidtmtiy wtiplojtH. l_ntorn.drci.lar
will bo l«Mii(.(l floitlnn n glvon dnto
upon whlrh smelt workers, In both Can-
mlrt nhtl the rnltoil   Htfttoit.   will bo
rukcMl to hold orwttnluttlon moctlnKi;
(lilt la to prfli-ont tllnrrlmluotio-i by
"■'i  ;;>. nl Uo'tuji .tUu fti'cuU-i jutt i,C ,Tl;c ii' uiilc  i.Iuml.t .,v,u Uii- uucUUy ; ntiiUth.n . ,;u    Ij>    tA|,u»lu* ihi-io—  lie irunL loupuuiliinH-ri.
Buys Hones on Comtnlilon    ;
. - |
J Oeprj;p Pnrton     Phonp 78 '
ImUBmmtmfBi	
THE PREMIER   .
FURNISH^ ROOMS
Every convanlfrtc* and comfort, Just
llko b«lnfl at home.   Ono block
from Post Offlca.   Centr.
ally located
H. A. WILKES,  .   Proprietor
P&LLAT AVE.    ...     FERNIE
A Flash of
Lightning;
Iu Jiiflt. ns llkoly to Htrlko-
lho houso of tho unliiHimid
mnn rh that of his moro prudent neighbor. No -building
la Immune.
1 t. "
Better Have
Us Insure
you and hnvo a llKhtnlni.
olntiBo ottachod to tho policy.
Thon you noodn't worry ovory
t|mo thoro Is n thundorBtorm,
-"■■MBTlMftE.IVJ-_l-Mlto.-tft    4
M, A, KASTNER
8ol« Agont for Pornlo
P
AS8AYER
R.   W.   WIDDOW80N. Asssyer snd
Chemist, Ilox 0 IIO*, NeUnn.    T?.   C,
ftiarne:—Ooltl, Bllver, t-*»_l or C«ipp«r,
1 nattli. „ Oold-Sllvtir, or -.liven Mud.
l.(_, Prte«s for «tti«r tm«tst«; 0.-»t,
tement. FtreeUy analyses on applied-
J'on. Th«: truest cuuCou. atiaay «Cflc_,
in Drltlsh Coiurabfs.
\fftHtf**l^.«^'*ii.<,«fiue^-A»'-i-'>i-*'-'»*-'™*"- ■■
—,f-
SSESB r   •:   .-
.    " '    7 3 '. ■     '   • '-. 7
."-.      .,---   '   ,   -
THE DISTRICT LEDGER, FERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 26,1912..
PAGE THREE
Capital Paid'Up ; -..•_._.....!. 2,870,000;
'- Reserve and Undivided Profits.....:.. B.SOO.OOO*:
• Total As8ets....:.v. .........._  44,000,000
. Just as'asuccessful merchant makes every'
."effort to give "his customers courteous, effi-.
.cieht attention, so do the offlcers'bf the Ba__kr
of Hamilton "endeavor to render to depositors'
. every • servis©' consistent' with ■ conservative',
. banking, practice..     -■" -■   _
" jNo'deposit" is .too small to assure-the depositor considerate treatment—the "savings
accounts'of those in moderate circumstances
;ate welcomed with courtesy, and with absence of undue formality which makes bank-,
ing a convenience "and a pleasure.
F. 'B; .Roberts, -Agent
\w
A. C, LIPHARDT
JEWELER  AND  OPTICIAN
FERNIE,   B. Co
LEDGER ADS BRING RESULTS
f**)!?^
'- \t/ V-A ' •
ufgak
Wmk ■"'
•
1
"Blr
• If _
-   II
!   in\fi_
-\- yW -■ 7.'
PANTORIUM  TAILORS!
Next to Fernie Hotel
SUITS    JO    MEASURE
; from $15.00 to $50.00
GENTS AND LADIES'CLOTHES
:   .  Cleaned
I     ; • Repaired
•' and -. |
,7     Pressed        i
Organizers Report
on Northern Field
Head Off that Cold
"Do. not. let a cold run away'with you. 7 Assort- youryy
'rights^by'iiglrtinipi"^
Tlie best way^to headoff a cold and overcome it-'
...  , is hy taking.    . ' -,-,' • '    - ,"?-',
Laxative Bromide Quinine TabletsA
*"r~"" The' handy 'and' convenient form1 in which these'
.' .   tablets are made vendor them pleasant to take and   " . ,
'effective in results.1 • Fifty chocolate-coated-tab-'"
lets in each boS_.    "Will break up "a cold in' less than
24 hours. , ., 25c. per Box.
A. W; BtfcASDELL ,   "
_ * ^
DRUGGIST AND STATIONER . PERNIE, B.C.
To the Officials and Membera'of.'.the
Executive Board of District 18,.O.M.
W. of A. , ,,'7 ••.-.' ,..'7-:
Gentlemen,— ..','. -^'ty.
• Acting under instructions of the District, Executive Board,of District. 18,-
we proceeded into the Northern Field.
With regards to investigating conditions and the advisability of organizing that - section • of the.-- country we
respectfully submit for'your considera-
ion t^e result, of our'mtatlo'n ]in~ the
above named''field, y" ' - -\ '"
Mines ln and Around Edmonton
Clover Bar Mine.—20 men employed.
Shipping by railway. Contract "rates
27V2 cents per car of 1000 lbs.;-Pillar
work, 25 cents per car of 1000 lbs.
Timbermen, %2.50 per day, " Tracklayers, $2.50 per day.,- Drivers, ,2._0 per
day. 7      . •        ,
Humbei'ston's Drift—6 men employ-
employed shipping by wagon.
Bush Mine.—4 men employed repair
work.
Humbaston's Drife—C men employed.     Shipping by wagon.
Daly's 'Mine.—3 men employed; repair work.      '    '"    . i
Standard Mine.—Notopened. •
Star Mine—Not opened.
Frank M^ne.—5 men employed; shipping by wagon.
'    City Mines—Not opened.
Black Diamond Collieries.—12 men
employed shipping hy wagon.
The Great-West Coal Co.—4 men
employed;..repair work.''
• TheJ Western Coal Company, Ltd.-f
14 men employed; shipping by wagon.
The Dawson Coal Co. "Mine.—3 men
employed; sinking a new shaft.  ,-
And a number(of small.mines situated on each side of "the Saskatch-ewan
River, employing from 12 to 20 men in
tlie winter' months. - ,    '   '
Twin City-1 Coal Company, Ltd.—
50- men employed; working regular
throughout the year. Contract rates:
Entries, $3.50 per yard, 8 ft. wide, 6
ft. high.- ■ Rooms: 60 cents per toirof
2240 lbs.', over a 2 inch screen. Timbermen: $3.00 per day.' Drivers: $2.80
per day. Pushers, $2.50 per-day. Outside labor,. $2.25 to $2.50 per day.
House Coal, $4.50 per ton of 2000 lbs.
Powder, $1.50 per box of 16 ' sticks.
Board,.$26 per month.
Alberta Coal Company, Ltd.—70
men employed; working steady. Contract" rates: Pick mine" coal, 90 cents,
per ton of 2240 lbs.i over a 2 inch
screen. This alWWludes timbering;
Yardage, $1.00 per yard on'entries.
Drivers:     $3.00  per.- day. *  -Powder:
AMENDMENTS-TO   ,
V     COMPENSATION ACT
Rossland   Miners  Suggest That Com-
pensation-Be in Form of Insurance
A. 1. J_?J___/vld
Grocer
i ,_
We carry a full lino of
Red Feather & Tartan Canned Goods
Prices Right
Satisfaction guaranteed or money back
Frank,-Alta.
Phone 103
$5760_pefT(eg"of ~2jT lbsy House" coal."
$2.50 pj_r load.. Board: $5.50. per
weelV. Bunk house conditions—in 'a
filthy Estate. •
' Cardiff Mines.—50 men, employed;
working steady. Contract rates:
Machine men and helpers, $1.25 per
place, average width 12 ft, Loaders:
contract, 50 cents per7 car of 3.4 tons,
Loaders: Company 'work, ' $2,80 per
day. ■ Timbermen: 30 cents per set.
Helpers: 20 cents-per set. Drivers:
$3,00 per day. Powder: $5.60 per
keg of 24 lbs. • House coal, $2.50 por
load. Board:' $5.50 per week; company boarding house.
Jarvis Coal Company Ltd.—30 men
employed; working steady. Contract
rates; Entries, 35 cento per car of.
1120 lbs. Rooms: 32% cents per car
of 1120 lbs. Timbermen, $2.75 per
dny. Tracklayers: $2.80 per day.
Drivers:. $3.00 per day. ' Pumpman:
$2.50 por day. Powder: $4.00 por keg
of 24 lbs. Houso coal, $2.50 por load.'
loud, Board: $5,i.0 por weok; bunk
houso in a filthy condition.
Jasper Park Colllorlee—125 men employed, working steady throughout tlio
year. s '
Contract rntos: Entries, $10,0(1 por
yard, 10 ft. wldo 8 ft. high, Rooms:
55 contH. por ton of 2240 lbs, Pillar
work;  45 cents per ton of 2210 lbs.
Comptihy work $3.00 por day. Out-
Bldo labor, $2.50,to $2,75* 'per    day.
prospecting.     Situated 20 miles south
of Pacific Pass. '      • 7     .   y ,-   .■
McLeod Colliery.—19 men employed;  shipping.
Contract rates: Slopes, $18.00 per
yard, 8 ft. wide 7 ft. high. ' "Entries:
$10,00 per yard, 8 ft7wide 7 ft. high.
Dips': $6.00 per yard, .5.ft..wide, 7 ft.
high. 1   ^
CAMROSE   DISTRICT
,Battle River Coal Company.—This
mine is situated 13 miles east of .Cam-
rose on the Grand Trunk Pacific Rail-
way." '30 men employed; shipping,
• Contract Rates.—$2.00 por yard per
place; dimensions 8ft. wide, 6 ft. high.
Machine men, $3.50 per day. Timbermen, 50c. to $1.00 per set. .
Outside labor, $2.40 per day. Powder, $1.25 per box../ Board, $5.50 per
week. .       ■
Bawlf Colliery.—Closed down; refusing to pay wages due to tbe employees. Situated 9 miles east of
Camrose on the Canadian Northern
Railway.
Gallcan Mines—Not opened up' as
yet.
Round Hill Colliery.—This mine is
situated 17 miles north of Camrose
on Canadian Pacific Railway; 25 men
employed ■ (mostly farmers).
Contract rates—$1.00, per * ton of
2240 'lbs. of screen coal over 2 Inch
screen. Company, $2.50 to' $3,00 per
day. Board, $5.50 per week. Shipping, about 2 cars a day. .
Stony" Creek Coal Company.—This
mine is situated 2^niles'south of Cam-
rose; shipping by wagons; 5 men em-,
ployed.,       *        >  ' .
.Contract- rates—20,' cents per vcar
of 800 lbs, , Company work, $3.00 per
day. Board, $5.50,per week.
*■ Saskatoon; Coal - Company.—This
mine Is situated 8 miles east of Cam-
rose on the Canadian Northern Railway 12 men employed. All working
on repair work.        -v
The above are the chief mines in
operation in 'this district. After a
careful and thorough investigation we
find that the majority of the men we1
interviewed are in favor of our organization and' aro willing to become
members of the United Mine Workers
of America. . But seemingly they are
bitterly opposed'to becoming part, of
District 18. Because they claim that
they we're .sadly neglected and could
not have' a representative of District
18 to attend to their grievances when
requested by the local unions.. Also,
the men believe _that the rate of wages
paid in-District 18 will be the basis
_n~the~NorthernTfield:'
.ROSSLAND, B.C., Oct. 21—The following report has been submitted to
the officers and members of Rossland
Miners'.Union, No. 38, Western'Federation of Miners. "We, your committee appointed to cli-g.fl up a resol'u-.
tion, to amend the Compensation Act,
the same to be sent to 'the .various
locals of the British Columbia Federation of - Labor and the provincial
government, also to Lome A. Campbell, the government representative of
Rosslanji, B.C., have'the following appended for your consideration:
""Whereas, under the, present system of the Workmen's Compensation
Act we find that only those relatives
depending on the deceased,are eligible
to receive the compensation allowed,
and ,    , y
"Whereas, we find that under this
system it is to the advantage of all
companies employing labor to give a
preference to those whom they may
know would not come under1 the act,
in ;order to avoid paying the same,
consequently discriminating against
the men with families, therefore be it
, "Resolved, that we the members of
Rossland Miners' Union in regular
meeting assembled, petition the provincial government to amend the act
so that it. would come in' the form
of an insurance, the same to be left
to the irext of kin, or whomsoever he
may see fit." .
Price of Goods
'Rossland Miners' Union No. 38, Western Federation of Miners, have,passed  the following resolution:
( .'^Vhereas, wheu the wages of- mine
employees were raised in 1907, the
merchants of Rossland advanced the
prices of commodities to such an extent that the miners were robbed of
the benefits of the' increased wages,
and'
"Whereas, when wages were reduced the said merchants maintained the
same excessive price although they
promised to- reduce them in proportion to the reduction in wages, and
"Whereas, the-crops this season are
si abundant that an advance in the
price of commodities at this time
would be'unwarranted. Therefore be
it
"Resolved, that if prices are raised
wfi will use every means in our power
,to combat the same by sending' elsewhere for our .supplies if necessary,
And that this resblrition be published
and a copy forwarded to each storekeeper in Rossland."
GIVE FARMS TO
THENEWLYWEDS
Uncle Sam; to Encourage Marriage of
3.Q00.00U Ccuol.*
SAN" FRANCISCO, Cal., 9<:t. 21.-
Farms for three million married _ovp-
l°s are sought 'n i bi'l which the
Society for the Abolition of While
Slavery announced here today it will
ask United States Senator John D.
Works, of Los Angeles to introduce at
the next session of Congress.
Under the bill as devised by officers 'of the society, almost any one
can get married, so far as financial
considerations are concerned. - Three
million couples to he exact, are to be,
provided, for.
The government, under provisions of
the bill, would subdivide some 300,-
000,000 acres of its 738,000,000 acres
of unclaimed land, build houses, barns
and fences, supply tools, horses and
seed and install on these farms newly
wedded couples.
c.
Children  as  Assets
"There's nothing quixotic about such
a proposition," said Secretary John
G. Lawlor, of the Society tonight.
"Much the same thing is done in New
Zealand and Australia now."
Long term payments for the property would j be granted, the bill contemplates, .with the proviso that for
each child to reach the age of 14
years, 33 per"cent,6f the mortgage be
charged off. Thus, three children
would absolvethe happy parents from
all indebtedness to the government.
"The bill," said Mr.,I_a\yior, "would
reduce immensely '.tbq7l number of
young women who go'wrong, because
it would increase the. number of marriages, It also, would! Increase the
birth ra,te, "reduce the cost of living
and stop migration to the cities.
Need Population
"It is «not generally'known that 30
counties in Jdissoui. arid seven ■ in
California lost population instead of
gaining in the last ten years.
"For the, instruction    of    the city
farmer,"  Mr.  I.awior said, "the  win-
.       t
ter course in agricultural schools and
travelling instructors would serve.'
The society, it became known recently, has appealed to President Taft
to compel local immigration authorities to expel .dissolute .women of foreign parentage, and to number 30,-
000 now resident in this city, and to
drive out their hangers-on.- '
£0 A_L_M IHE_M ANAG EJ___S_
WHY
woro the FIRST PRIZE and tho GOLD MEDAL
at tho Edmonton Exhibition awarded to
SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAMS, BACON, ETC?
Booautethoy aro THE BEST ON THE MARKET, that's why.
, Buy thorn all tho tlmo at
THE 41   MARKET   CO.
8AM GRAHAM, Manager
PHONE 41
KENNEDY   St   !VfA!MC.AIV
Lumber for all
Purposes
horo at wy Umo and In art.*
quanlty. . You cunnot «wan>i>
ui with a largo order, or give
ui io imnll a ono that wo will
not attond to It,
THERE ARE BOARDS, BEAMS
JOISTS, SHINQLSS, Ete.
for any kind of building you
may be at work upon. Have
ti Mind youwbtt you want
when you wtikt It.
orr.ef an* ¥»«. m-Phiimon AVt_,oM.at*, ontor, mwnie
Powder, 35 contH por lb, Caps 7
conts oach. Houbo coal, $..13 por
load, Houso Rent, $12, ti x 21, without llKht or wator, PpovIbIoiis:
Klo.ir, por 100 lbu., R78. PotntooH,
per 100 lb., $5.00, Butter, 50 conts
pur lb, fluKM, .jo cents por tlos_t.ii,
Mon), 22«/j to 25 chiiIh. por lb, Compnny Htoro, compnny boarding house,
nnd com puny bunk iiouho.
The Drlntmn Mine.™5 mUrm nnnt
of JnHpor Pnrlf Collieries; 12 men om-
ployod proHpoetliiH.,
I,
Vellowhend Pais Conl Company,
l.ttl,-i-70 mon omployod; nil workliiw
ou company work, 'Mlnnm, $...r.O
por dny; $.,00 wot iiIiicob. Ilitt-k-
linmlM, $:i,00 por dny; $:i,50 wot plum*,
lloind, $20.00 pur month, BhippltiK
nbout 2 onrH h day.
Mountain Park Coal Company.—50
men omployod comiumy work, Wiikbh
$:i.0tl por dny (wot. or dry). Ilonnl,
$1.00 por day. Thin, mine In situated
.0 mlltm Hotilli of tho Yollowhond
I'bsb ColllorlPi, nnd will not Uo ahln-1
piittt coai until noxt rail, tujii. |
Pacific Pan Coat Company, Ltd.—;
T.1U8Q in lima oro illumed 22 MlU_i;
houUmjmh of Yollowboad. 50 mon om-1
ployod. .Vino mllo* of itcri to bo i
lnld boforo tncy common™ ulilppln... I
Contract rntoi; Sloped, $12.00 per j
ynrd, 12 ftj'wlde, 7 ft, high; ilmbon,
$1.50 por nol' ,H,.ok Hlopc, $9.00 pur |
ynrd. 10 ft. nldo, 7 ft. IiIrIi. Tlm- j
b .m 75 cemi per vet Entrlci, $8,00 |
pur >ur_; ft ft, wldo, 7 ft. !• itif»i*n ,
high.    Timber* 75 oonta p»>r w»t.       !
I'owdor, 35 conti per lb,     Capn, 'I'
conta each,     Driven, ti.Mt jxt dny
and board.   OuUIdo fabor, _:.«» per
d*y and board.     ponrd. t2".<M p*ir
month.
Branau Mlnu—is mon unployed
We believe that an organization of
the1 United Mine Workers of America
can he established In this field, but
not without considerable opposition
on the part of the operators_.and part
of the men. In our'opinion in some
camps lt will, cause a stril.e. However, knowing'that it will be a'long
tediousjob to orgnnize this field, we
would recommend'forming a sub-district vof this field attached, to District
18. (We also recommend that a representative be placed ln this field.
The mine workers are in favor of an
International representative to look
after and attend to their Interests and
lo the best interests of the United
Mlno Workors of America,
Fraternally yours,
THOS. G. HAI.RII.S,
Jtiternntlonal Board Member
J. W. I.ACKBY,
„    , International Orgnnizor.
P, S,—Having carefully considered
our report on tho Edmonton field, and
huvliig'thoroughly discussed the matter with tho Hxecutlvo Hoard of District 18, wo would further explain and
qualify our report by saying that at
this tlmo wo do not bollovo tliat the
District nnd International Union would
be Justified in accepting, the responsibility that would bo attendant upon
tho Organization in thnt flold. Our
recommendation iih to lho mothod lo
bo ndoptod Is nnlii'nily dopundont
upon tho District nnd International to
o'rgniils.0 that field. Wo would suggest, howovor, that such rtftlnn ho
deforced until Htich tlmo aa further
development would fncllltii'to the work
of 0!'glUll..!lt!ofl,
.SlKUOri) THOS. (1, IIA1.IU..S
.101 IN \V. J.AOKI.Y.
CERTIFICATE CANCELLED
In collection with the International
Congress .of Hygiene and Demography
held at Washington, the American
Federation of Sex Hygiene has made'a
LONGEST ENGLI8H WORD
, Wluii Is tho ifingOBl word !. iIij'
F.ngllHh IniiffiuiR-t? Tho cuiiiry linn
boon '-jiiRRPHtod to n oorroHpondoi't \\-
llio pro-tout dlHetiHHlon its to tllHoni.tb-
llt.liiin.-nt. Our nuttier has found ill k-
OHtiibllHiutrntni'lmi lu IiIh dictionary,
and pi'OHiintoM thoro In no objection to
adding tlm prefix nntl, und ro obtain-
ItiK « word of twortty-flvo letter.. A
goodly numbor nnd ono whlrh ought
lo curry conviction by ..boor wolght,—»
London Chronicle,
.Recently  an • enquiry  was  held  at
Merritt, Nicola Valley, by Mr. John
Stewart of Ladysmlth, Vancouver Island, who  was appointed under the
Coal Mines Regulation Act'at the instance  of the hon.  the minister of
mines, concerning the conduct of Mr.
Benjamin Browitt, as manager of the
Diamond Vale Colliery at Merritt, and
holder of a first-class' certificate of
competency under the Coal Mines "Regulation Act.     The.charges ngalnst
Mr. Browitt were, briefly, that he on
March  7,  1912, and  other days previously, employed to net as flro boss
Henry J, OrlmeB, who was not the
holder of a certificate of competency
as required by tlie act nil flro bosses
shall hold; thnt ho delegates to that
unqualified man his own powors as
flro boss;  that hy reason of his negligence lho Diamond Vale Mine wns
not examined na required by thc act
boforo tho men woro admitted thereto;
thnt on March 7 an flxploslon occurred in the mino whereby seven men lost
thoir lives; that he hnd heen convict-
od of tin offcnlic ngalnst the net; nnd
thnt by rouson of tho foregoing ho Is
unfit to ho holder of n fint-clnHH oortl-
flcnto of competency under the net.
Prior to tho Ihhuo of notice to hold
tho onqulry, Mr. Browitt hnd boon
prosecuted nnd flnod In n court for thc
offonco against tho net referred to
above, The'commissioner who hold
lho enquiry decided thut tho ropreson-
In thiH t-onii.ctioii hud boon proved,
liithols connection hud been proved,
by tho.iivlduiic. taken hofui.. hint, to
hnvo boon fully Hiitttulnnd, so ho enn-
colled Mr, Browitt'h flrit-clitHM certl-
ricntu.of competency.
The crunnilxriloiicr almi hoard tt
clmrgo mndo by Mr. Thos. Orhhiuil,
ehl. niiHpectnr of mlneB, ngariHt Andrew rilkoiion for ;-nvliig mndo up
dummy lumping clungcH, thc_o having
clny nt ench end itnd conl ditHt In tho
middle, In vlolftt.Uiu' of lli<> net, with
tlio object of decolvlttg the Hhot light-
•r, Tho net provl<!<« tl.-tt <hiy only
nlmll bn lined for tnniplug purprmoii,
so tho dofonilmit'H oertltlciite of competency as n minor wiih niiHpemled,
lho clmrgo mndo ngfilrmt lilm hnvlug
boon prov*df,
sir flung" exliibirof^lT^aiTHuaPwcrste"
and loss from the substance of the
people due to indulgence jn vice and
luxury, . An estimate of the money
cost of the social evil is put at the
appalling sum of $3,000,000,000 ii year.
But the waste of human flesh is still
more appalling. '
Have you heard about Peps?
Peps is a ' new ' scientific
preparation put up into tabloid
or pastille form, which provides an entirely new and
effective treatment for coughs,
colds and lung and throat
troubles.
, There is no connection
between the lungs and the
stomach.
Suppose something were
wrong with .your stomach—
say indigestion, or ulceration
—would you think of taking
some medicine which went—
not to your stomach, but to
your lungs ?   Certainly not!
Why then, when your lungs
and chest are affected, should
you dose your stomach—an
absolutely separate , organ —
with medicine? Is it not far
better to treat the ailing organ
direct ?
TWTWO
Peps provide a direct
treatment for'
coughs, colda,
bronchitia,
ond all lung, fc ,
cheat andTJ^
throat trou •*_«_'
blea. P e p b
coutain highly medicinal
eaBencei and
pinu extract*
condensed
into tablet
form. , Y o u
put a Pep on
your tongue,
and as it
slowly d i a -
dol vos, these
volatile es-
eenccs turn
into vapor.
You BREATHE tho romedy to your
soro ailing lungs direct—not swallow it
to your ptomach, which is not' ailing.
(See diagram.) The healing fumes, thus
breathed down,, bathe the delicate, inflamed membranes .of your breathing-
tubes and pass right on to tho tiny passages of tho lungs—a. courso no liquid or
solid racdicino could possibly take.
Peps fumes are healing and antiseptic. They heal sore tif-BUO and kill
disease germs. Peps bring pine-forest
fumes to your home, instead of you going
to the pine forest!
For that cold, that night  cough,
thnt touch of bronchitis, don't doso your
stomach!    Tho  troublo  lies  in   your
lungs.      Peps go   to   tho   lunyu
direct and will turo you.
All druggists and store-iOOo box.
AVrito for free  sample to Peps
Co.,   Toro"to, or 62 Princess St.,   u'innipeg.   Send
only lo, stomp for        ' Mfk
jiostagrandvr.C-Oao "—^
Grafton and Bennett
Are selling Agents for an
ESTEVAN (Sask.)
SUBDIVISION
Further details will be given later
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
Silt KMMUNI) WAI.KI.lt, C.V.O., 1.1..!)., l.,C.I.„ l'rcnldent
ALI.XANOr.lt I.A1UI) JOHN AIRO
Ociii.-r.il Mumnji-r Annlutant OncrnI Munnger
CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000
TRAVELLERS' CHEQUES
Issued by The Cnntulian ....nl. of Commerce .nuble Um traveller lc
provide himself willi I'tiiuls without delay at onclt point of his journey in
<i convenient yet inexpensive manner. Thoy tiru issued payable in every
country in the world in denominations of
$10,   $20,   $.50,   $100,   $200
with tho exact equivalent in the moneys of the principal countries Htalcd
on ihe face of each cheque. '1 hey arc economical, absolutely safo Kelf-
identifyinfr and easily negotiated. &.3
L. A, 8. D/vCK.  Manager FERNIE  BRANCH «
WHEN YOU WANT
the Best of,,
Kino Neckwoiir, Sox, Cn|w, Ifwlorwear, .Shirts, SttiN,
Trunks, Gripx, Hoots & »SlinoH, como to
James H'. Naylor, Bellevue
Kvt;ryt.ii!_tf Hold with u ^naraiiti'O that if not  satisfactory, you cnn return it ai.d get your money hack
BELLEVUE    HOTEL
Bellevue Alta,
¥     #> *^^ f-*^ •"_ *« '* *   * 1
Best accommodation in the Pass
Up-to-date -- Every convenience
Excellent cuisine'
Suitable for Ladies & Gentlemen
H. B. Hineline     :•:    Proprietor
u.   '*■_■ lltatWiWUiahy^tlBMJIItJ'W ■..-■fayViW*^ntrntmymi
rn>Ytf^?fmvm*M**^^*'**?*ar^
■^fr^Tri«^fy'*»'"• "T"^*-'^ r"J
r^r^^w
*1-Y^ w -**
-*rr*;:"A lj'„ ■"***C^
PAGE FOUE
THE blSTBIOT LEDGER,,- FEBHIE, „ B. 0il)C1»jiR 26,1912.j
"f ij-._-_^->--7»'
5* r«Trc-r"-sfrHfr^
"■*#i-'""7-"-t V<"-'-"
.-•y y;.'•."-'"-■,•'
~ -V \«
Published every Saturday morning ac its'office,
Pellat:.Avenue, Fernie, B: 0. .Subscription $I70(?.
per year in advance. "An excellent advertising
medium. Largest circulation in the District.' Advertising rates on application.
"»   t. ;i H. P. NERWICH, Editor.
Telephone No. 48. Post Office Box No. 380
THANKSGIVING DAY
ON Monday next, the 28th, is the day that has
. been designated by the Governor-General of
Ono da as Thanksgiving Day.. This day is set
apart for demonstrating I lie gratitude of the in-
lu.).Hants of this Dominion for the bounteous crops
produced during the past season.
Before discussing the merits or demerits of this
particular holiday, we think it proper to give a
few details relative to its origin. " So far as we
have been able to ascertain this holiday is usually
subject to the appointment of the President of the
United States and generally the day,of observance
is the last Thursday in the month of November.
Canada, however, follows the example thus set, but
sets the day about a month earlier than is the,cus-_
torn in the repubHcJo the south., of us._•_ The. festival is in its essence aliarvest thanksgiving and
perhaps owes its origin to the Pilgrini Father__,*as
Governor Bradford first set- apart a day in, the
United States for that purpose- at Plymouth iri
1621. - It was at this place that a party of English
Separatists established themselves in Massachusetts, taking the name of the place from the famous
seaport on the Hoe. So ■ much for the historical
part.
As evidence that the.sentimentalism attached to
this particular event'has given place to a more practical, commonsense view of matters; harvest festivals in Great Britain, which are in principle the
same as Thanksgiving Day have been abandoned
this year by the members of the churches because of
the realization that to give thanks for benefits received is, especially in the agricultural counties of
England, more or less an absurdity... As a result
of the continued wet weather crops to-.the value of
many .millions of pounds have been destroyed, and
owing to- their financial losses no less than seven
farmers in one county committed suicide in a
month. When one stops to-make even a superficial analysis of these ideological, notions and uses
jugt. an ordinary amount of everyday logic-the a_b_-_
blessed. Canada1 a country flowing y withNmilk aricV
honey, and for "whose bounteous? harvest 'Ve.are.to
give thanks on Monday next, the economic .'struggle for existence is so strenuous;as'to;"dri,v.e!a,wo-.
man to insanity. Wheys to.blame.forUhis'-tra-
gedy?     Weare all to'blame!. ■ „We:are to:bl_ui_e'
'•  -  _■      • ---»._ .4 -   .. i.
for voting men into parliament who'have'neither,
the knowledge of such conditions or are Heartless
enough to allow'it-to-go unremedied.y .This poor
woman, left iri what is to her, a strange land, with
the necessity of providing, food : ' -belter for her
own flesh and blood. . She.did what she could—
hard manual "work. ", ■Tocher it 1 was a necessary
work—her very bread and butter—she did 'more
than Ker share .to bring about this bounteous.har-"
vest for which we are giving-thanks oil Monday.'
She bore all;the'risks, all the" burdens to bring up
her young children. Were "we humane, even civilized in our laws oui* benevolent government,- who1
one day in three or four years—election day—is
the friend .of the workingman would have given
this poor widow, not only her title deeds to her
little plot, but .would,have rendered,her sufficient
assistance to at least.keep the wolf from the door.
It would put its great shoulder under .the heavy'
burden which has- been passed on to the' mother iri
her time of need, and to her children iri their sickness.   - , .   *
l-'V
.m
:j&?s:
sX-i
-■■■   7,'   l SOCIALIST-.PARTY ^^-V >'
7'-' ' ■„■■"•'-'■_- ~ \'-" _£_§*»£__:. J-
All members of the'Socialist"Local
are 'requested* to .meet in .the .Litffary
Room; of, t&eXMiners' Hall' on Sunday,
.next. at"'7r30. o'clock. inyhQ° evening.
Matters of.' general. interest; _;- to.' _ "the
RULES.FOR SUCCESS
- ."   7 -y' 7'~^yy:7t7&K-'?yky%,
Do not pr'k harttf H;Tak^jwarnirig
from the horrible, example'of'the,toiling millions.1 The. harder/they work
the less tliey get_y  ' 7.'-M'-- "''"'    ■"
.   ...  ,        ~    ,■.-._..- ;...v... v-v.i,. Do not'save'yoiirfan'oney.  " Tliis is.
party will.be discussed, and..the^ues- fatal.. The world is'juirofppeople'(!.ho
tlon of dues, should not be overlooked
as the Secretary wiir^be.onhand^to
recfeive^ same!-- , ;v'7y.y;-', ,
' REMEMBER—Sunday.'i October 27,
at the Miners'" Hall, at 7,30 p.m.    .-• *
SCARPINO INQUEST.
LOADING UP THE PRESS
surdity of the°situation is self evident.
, Nature pursues her relentless course regardless
of thanksgivings, harvest festivals o*r even denunciations.     It is quite true that Canada has had a
bounteous crop, but why the \yhole nation should be
■  constrained" to give thanks therefor-is somewhat
of an anomaly when we look over the vast territory of mother earth, and find that there are millions who are constantly on tho verge of starvation, larders empty and the merest threads of rags
upon their backs.     And why is this?     Because
tlie masters of bread hold the key to the situation
, by their private owenrship in the means of production and distribution.     No doubt theso solf-aame
masters should congratulate themselves upon tho
Jack of intelligence displayed by the great mass
m allowing tliem to retain possession.     However,
tliere is ns much sense in the working class as a
whole returning thanks as tliere is for a hungry
'mortal.to stand over a grating from which exudes
thc steam of savory smells from a cookhouso nnd
then frill upon his hands and knees nnd givo thanks
for the oxcollent repiiRt ho had on joyed.
The future might indeed be one of pessimism
wore it not that everywhere are noticeable signs
of enlightened discontent,'and though many do not
renlly grasp tlio basic cause of their ills they arc,
Ihnnl.H to tho education both by voice and pon, com-
ing tn realize tho fact tliat to onjoy thoy must
possess, and nro therefore studying tho course ch-
Hontial to bo followed in order to obtain access to
tho nion.i.. of lifo.
These are horrid concrete facts, nnd no amount
of verbalism upon tlio pnrt of those whose interests
nre host subserved by tho conliiuinnoe of ignor-
nr.cn among the people can consistently refute, Tho
student of sociology can say with Longfellow—
"Lot us bo up and doing,
With a hoart for any fnto,
Still achieving, nti.1 pursuing;
Learn to labor and to wait,"
A TRAGEDY
"Mrs. .Tiilin noknwRlri .ami lior two children,
ngod three and five years ri'speclivoly, wore found
lying in pools of thoir own blood on tho floor of
thoir home, 2fi miles north of Cnrlstudt, late on
"Wednesday ovoning    Tho   grtiosomp   diH.
wivi-py was mado by neighbors of tho llokowski
, •'  '*  •* •"<««.•«.4 wiat in tl ill Vl lil'H\H)lUt'
(W'.v ..j,' mti.Mti ViV„xl }M- (VH> ditiu'ron with a
knife, which was lying Im-*.,],. hor, ami thon Ntnlib*
cd hcrm-ir in tlio heart with tho wimo wnapon. . . .
It is said thnt for aomn timo pW tho womnn has
nttr. n Mnr_»_i>   1..
««..i»   m.jiv   Hn-   tVfdlll   Ul
hot husband two yct^p, ngo hns boon vory dospon
dont. ..till living on the homestead, doing tho
work of a fnrmor in order that sho might gain pos-
ondion of tho WO acred on which sho nnd her hii*
hand hnd sottlod. tho woman bor*' up ?>r/ivdv until
two month* ago, when the boy, ngod fjVfi. «nd the
girl, aged thrrc, v.nv UUu ill \_;n, diphtheria."—
Nowr tttMn.
The «»H»Vt» brief outline «,f u terrible tragedy must
give one food for wrimi* _*.!<. otinn.    Hero in th>»
"TJ* VERYONE to his own profession, trade or
■"-* calling," and the government of this Canada of burs has found room for a new department,
the members of which will-no doubt be known'as
"Press "Loaders."' From the office of-the "Chief
Government Whip at, Ottawa, upon letter paper
bearing the royal arms, aud marked t{ Personal and
Important,''there was addressed a circular.letter
tpyhe "Editor, District, Ledger, Fernie, "B.C."''
That the matters was wrongly, addressed there can
be no doubt' for the circular was only intended for
Conservative-editors, and even our most venomous
enemies would hardly place'us in that category.
It is interesting to know how political news'is obtained nowadays,     The letter says:    >
"Attached, here "you will" find "several gal-,
leys of news matter of a political character. This
is the beginning of a free service for the purpose of
giving wider publicity to AUTHENTIC GOVERNMENT NEWS and other, political information' of a
timely character. Your "paper has been recommended to be placed on-the.list in the belief .that
you will be willing to make use of the service.
This service" will be weekly and entirely without
cost to £he papers receiving'it. .All that is'required, in return is that a copy of your paper.be
sent to the undersigned in order that a check may
be kept on the matter published. ,    y
!'You will notice the article's are'varied-in char-
aeterTaKktoireTso-as^^^
I. would be pleased, to hear from you as to. the
quality of the matter which would suit you„best
in order that I may know what to send you from
week to week if you take advantage of the service.
"This service will not be furnished the large city
papers and overlapping will be avoided as far'as
possible if you will let me know what other papers
have a circulation in your territory.-
"The news matter will be ABSOLUTELY AUTHENTIC and the, requirements of particular localities will be considered. You may use the matter
dated from here as a 'Special' or as editorial comment just as you .choose.
"The news matter will be up-to-date and written
by a staff thoroughly in touch with their subject*..
','Kindly let me hear from you by return mail ns
to the amount you can make use of and the particular kind of matter you require." '
The caps aro not ours, and is draw attention to
tho fact that there is a. jester in government circles
in Ottawa. Only 'a man with a pronounced sense
of humor could hn've played this trick on the Chief
Govomment Whip.
Among the things thnt were sent out on this
week's service .were big headlines such ns "How
L. P. .Pollotier Gets Cheaper Cables—Succeeds
Whore Others Failed"; "British Consulnr Sorvlco
to Work for Canada". "Cattle Industry to bo Re-
vivod—Government Take Action"; "Paragraphs";
Evory inch of rending matter was ono big blow of
tlio Conservative trumpet, and tho belittling of tho
work of their predecessors. Especially is it hard
oil tho ox-Liberal ministers, and Sir Wilfrid Laurior
in particular. This dopartmont will cost tho.poo.
plo of Canada hundreds of thousands of dollars
nnd tlio mnn frQiri whoso-hide it is tnkon out is
thnt of the working plug. It is to dopo tlio conn,
try press and in many instances it will bo greedily
snatched up. Tho average country editor could
do with some assistance and tho crafty politicians
knowing this hns graciously como to his relief. But
nt wlmt n price to the public conscience! There
is a difference between ready made "ii_..vh" and
ready made "views." .Many papers ennnot af-
IVd to maintain correspondents nt the cnpital and
hnd wt> a government for, by and through the poo-
plo. such n movo on tho pnrt of the government
would l>f cnnmuMidnblo, but; since under the present systom no government could do so with any
dogrou of fair-mindednosH, nnd iu thc interest of the
public, it is far better left alono. From rendy.
mndo views to political opinions, for the insertion of
which advertising rates nro secretly paid, \» but a
short step, and, in fnct, nt election time this is prae-
tienlly dono in thc open. It would seem tlmt in
uieir insane desire to keep in powor eapitnlist politician., will stop nt nothing, but this Intent move of
theirs is about tho most .despicable yet.
Citizens of H, C. arc once more reminded that
thc ..1st of this month is the last day for being put
nn'rhi* mmiHpa! voters' roll. A.s (.._•». cWliuiw
come round ovory January all those who linvo paid
their jrond tax should mnko nn appearance at tho
rity Hall nt one* and make tho formal application.
The jury-in the case'of Mike Scar-
pino;-who, came ,to his deatli, oh-Friday;, last, „ brought -in ,a\ verdict of
death caused\by;accident, jnc^ent'- to
coal - mining.    ; _..,-'    ,;'-7'"'    ' ,-
The',funeral took' place: at . four
o'clock on. Sunday 7from toe.'-Catholic
Church, when a large number of Jhis
!,iends and relatives formed, the"cortege which was' headed by the, Fernie
City Band! the Rev. .Father Michels
officiating and Thompson and. Morrison supervised the funeral arrangements.        .     '     _'*-■"''
BIG AND VARIED PROGRAM     >
AT THE GRAND THEATRE
' The pictures-which are being shown
at thlB theatre are of exceedingly good,
quality and deserving of patronage.
The .projection. Is good, and the sub-,
jects interesting , and .varied. - The
programme-for Fridays-Saturday, and
Sunday, is: Friday—"Grandpa,*.,7 "T_,e
Maid and the Man,". "The Chaperon"-
(a ,rip-roarlng . comedy), '?The' Vita-
graph. Month}y'7 (introducing .all,', the
latest current events).,, Saturday—
"Her Honor.; of-/Triumph- (a ;gripping
drama), "Tb_e Long Arm of.the Law,"
"His Girlie", (a scream comedy), "She
Never Knew"' (a Vitagraph drama) i
Sunday—'The .Merchant of Venice"
.(Shakespeare's Masterpiece), "Neighbors" (a Biograph comedy),, i'A,,Trip
on the Nile'-' (Egypt), ^'Tweedlum in a
Girls? School" (one big roar).    ,»
The gruespmeness,- and, inhumanity'
of capital punishment does not force
itself, upon ,one so; emphatically-as
when a legal murder is to be committed at our very .door. The appeal of
Fritz'Eberts.for.a retrial has been re/
fused by the Superior Court of Canada
at Ottawa, .and unless ■ a 'reprieve
comes "along-he j will -be -hanged ,-at
Macieod on November 2. The jury,:
who brought> in a verdict of .guilty;
made a strong recommendation, for
mercy, and it is,yet hoped that their
wishes will be,"acceded to by theau
thorities.        y.      -  .
are contriving; to jget .hold .of,.money
that has been' saved.1.ySpend your
money on-things, that} you need., In
that way you develop-' a.' big/.healthy'
appetite for ways of enjoyirigyoifrself;
With appetite, comes the means/of satisfying it. 'All this comes-from spend-
money freely.  '_ 7V   ,'.('•'-.'7 •'-',."•.":""..
Be very ' devout' and7 religious.. only
if you .are a banker or in some other
fiduciary 'calling1 where'.popular '.con-*
fidence is'reqdislte;* also";If'ybu" are ^
doctor or a lawyer or, in some .other'
profession which" does not "permit 'of
advertising in; the ordinary way.' For
most' buslriessi however, ybu inay qult'er
safely forget' the-next world and devote'yourself exclusively "to this one.,
• Bo pessimistic when you are Investing your money and optimistic when-
you pre getting other people to invest
their'.; money. , Either pessimism or°
optimism is a bad working rule for all
occasions,1       ' '.
Do not be loyal to anybody or anything except yourself. If necesskry
to pretend a loyalty in order to help
yourself, very well, but do not let the
loyalty, become the Important thing
Loyalty is merely a name for .an Invisible chain.' ■'-.:'
Do not follow, the Golden Rule. As'-
sociate, if possible, with those who'do
follow ,the Golden Rule," but be the
exception. This.is' h'ardjo.do .these
days, but It means' sure; success., if
you'eah work,lt.  >■      '•■'"' '•'
After you have succeeded and are
asked by a newspaper to give the secrets, of "your success, do not tell the
truth about It' 'Say'you got ahead
by working hard; saving money,'following ithe "Golden Rule, .being, temperate in all things; optimistic, at all
times jirid'unswervingly lpyal ^'interests of your employer and every one
else who expected loyalty.  ;    "'..'"','
i.'
■■Mi
*S,.v
The Old Reliable
f>y •■;.. «
'.» -js''*•-•*?_
. >__..;■$<_;}.._
Friday^atu^ay^ c&iMatirieie
r-      -V
;i      SAvedish-Americari Character:
,  .        ;7> Singers and Dancers .7s^ y: \y
...      '.       ' ".'*■'-'' -y-   .'       ■    '..,<■'■'    f,   !H""     l*'      .    '~        - , ._ft ■■--', ■-      - JL\*
u*
..•..■:..-., ..7_,;-.»«.Juvenile ': ----- ■-■■' -%'
Character Impersonator
Singing and Dancing
.FINE FOR TWO.
"Did-you ever tell that young man
that late hours were bad for one?"
asked the"father at' breakfast' table.
•' "Well," father," replied t the v wise
daughter,' "late hours may lie bad for
one, but they're all right" for two."—
Yonkers Statesman.  ' 7'    '. ■"
"^''COrtlNG"''"-',
7 Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday   '
Ed. and Theresa Youtiar
v _ i      -_ ,f **^ ■
Xy. Comedy: Singing, Talking and_Dancing.yphange Act
Chas. McKay   ■
-- ■•      -      '•'''' ■■■   -   > -.,'.,? ■ y y-   -.-'.   'y< ,-,-.      .-'• *■ •' ' ' ,'■ • 7
^ v ^Comedian f■■• l^i'-'    .' "';••.; -"? - "-■
:.*.
Thursday, Priday and vSaturday
< -.—Urn* '        ^ i m - ' ___« ■     '_•
■/j;Kcr|»4oit:r Sisters -;
. ,'f .^Singing and Musical Act '•!..,
^•Xe^^Hairris^';:
! Hebrew Comedian
.■_...,
IT'-'IS PINING,ON THE STEM, TOO
.- .
GREAT DISCOVERY
ECONOMIES'AND BABIES
"Minimum wage" is,a term that is
"jusrclfming'jffliavena-ciear^^Wnfln
the minds of the average man and'woman; and yet,even those who a\e using' -the term- seldom , recognize the
vital importance it is-coming to have
In modern society.,^
When an eminent physician and statistician recently Informed the public
that tlie 17 per cent of deaths of
babies under one year of age, from
so-called congenital effects,,one-third
of these deaths occurred during the
first week of life,,no; one thought the
minimum-wage was Involved. .
But' the new president of thq' Am-
erlcan Medical Association, the .famous Dr. Abraham Jacob'l, of New York,
declares that those deaths are caused
ih largo part by the overwork and underfeeding of tho mother' beforo the
birth of the child. He declares that
whllo ignorant and deceased parentage
is In a large measure responsible, the
basic cause Is economic.   -
Ills addrosu to the association upon
tho (liiostlon was a cuustlc, almost
savage-analysis of tho causes of Infant mortality. Most * of all did ho
crltlclB© tho so-called philanthropists
who want to put mothers "to rest"
by feeding babies on artificial food,
And ho leaves no doubt that he puts
tho responsibility of tho well-being
of Infants upon tho socloty which mistreats tho mothor,
"Wlint the world wants," ho Bayn,""lB
healthy babies, What the baby wants
Is full hoalth and wolght; tbat means
a com potent mother, sufficient food
to havo a quiet night, free frdm excessive labor through the day, oxompt
from a local curablo disease that may
Interfere with tlio development of tho
child or ttndormlno hor well-being and
general health.
"What tho mothof wants Is what Alio
has a right to oxpoct, ns tho reword
for tho sorvlco bIio romlors to mankind In tlio shupo of a healthy child;
a plnco as healthy ns tho host hospital without dlsrtiptlny; tho family. Mod«
om society Is built up on tho family.
No woman will consont to bo taken to
n hospital tinloHB desperate neod
compel., hor to loavo her home.
"Soclnly Ih boRlnnlnff to appreciate
that ,lt, owoh human being a human
dwelling plnco, with enough air to
broatho In. If you build houses unfit
to breathe tn you steal nlr whleh Is
common   proporty.      What   society
wuntd nm -ninn nnrt «-n»«n MH ./inn
But In ontor to ho nhln to r«lv on th_.tr
co-opon.t_.vo ftitiftlons It must soo to
It that In Its book of ethics tho term
charity In supplanted by responsible
tty."—Onlgary Ncws-Telegratn.
t I tell youi we live in an age of pro-:,
gress.'- 7'1'"7'y 7. ".. r i.,j_r
■   How-now?.  ..».-,. -.w. . ;       ■'-.;...   .
'Now some sharp has discovered.'that
',     -      „.      -.      -.-f    \'/i
-yau-can"vshake^leas~off~a>*iiog!^vithra"
vacuum' cleaner.—Kansas 'City'"Jour-,
nal.. '. i>' ■  ' . -,    ''
Canadian
The report comes that'the Montreal
Melon crop.is a failure;- What about
the one the. Canadian Pacific railway
proposes to .cut, and .which -grew.' in
Montreal7-^Fro'm .the "RldgetownVDei-'
minlo'n.;' ,   •       ..   ' " _
. ,.79,000 Persons
state pensions..
in   Australia draw
THANKSGIVING
DAY
OCTOBER 28th,,1912      i
.. y '     •'.' ' '
l   FARE AND ONE-THIRD
t      , .
>     • , t
, For the Round Trip..
Between all Stations, Port Arthur
to .Vancouver,, Including branches. ,
Going Dates:  OCT.. 26—28
Return limit:    OCT. 30,  1912.
Por tickets apply to Local Ticket
Agent, R. 0. McNELLIE, Dlst. Passes
ger Agent, Calgary, Alta/
ANNUAL EASTERN
7 EXCURSIONS
\i- •  ■ ■ /
:      SPECIAL   RAIL   FARES
"In connection .with7"
TRANS-ATLANTIC   TICKETS   -
.    ♦ - *        ,       ■•    .     '
Round Trip Rate from Fernie
to Montreal - $62.15
to St/John - $70.15
Dates of Sale. NOV. 7—DEC. 31, 1912.
Return limit 5 months from date of
Issue. -■ ■■.'■'
Liberal Extension Privileges
For further Information, rail and,
STEAMSHIP TICKETS, apply' to"' "
R. READING, Ticket Agent, Fernie,
B.C.; or write to
R. G. McNEILLIE, Dlst. Passenger
Agent, Calgary, Alta.
Fernie to . .
Los Angeles
AND RETURN
$64.30
Maple; Leaf
ICE CREAM  AND
CONFECTIONERY
¥77
Coleman, Alta.
[-Central location,'" close  to
S—FootbalPgrpunds^and-r4
7' .  '   .Tennis Court y
When in Coleman give us
. ;   _..,.-, .a'.call^ _. ,    \ .
Good assortment of candies.
and fancy boxes
f*s*f*f*i
ICE QREAM
SOFT PRINKS
Dr. 0. FAUSETT, '
Dentist, , -
. ..y
COLEMAN, Alberta.,
Office In Cameron Block
All'Work Guaranteed
JOHN BARBER, D.D.8., L D8.,
DENTI8T
Office: Henderson Block, Fernie, B.C.
Hours:' 8.30 to 1 • 2 to 5.
noBldence:. 2i; rVletdrid'Avenue.
ECKSTEIN A MscNEIL
Barristers A Solicitors, Notaries, Ac.
Offices: Eoksteln Building,
Fernie,'B.C.  '   ' ,
ON SALE SEPT. 4th, 6th and 6th
Oood for Sixty Days
FIRST CLASS EQUIPMENT THROUGHOUT
J. S. Thompson, ~Agt
P.O. Box 305,   Tel. 161
fi«*5i
M
S*fi
Biii^
P, C, Laws                 Alex. 1
. Flsht'
LAWE A FISHER
.
ATTORNEYS
■
Psrnle, B, C.  .
L   H.   PUTNAM
Bsrrlsttr, Solicitor, Notary Publlo, etc.
BLAIRMORE, ALTA.
SMofts Gun
8T0PS COUGHS JHIfiWWJ
Deafness Cannot .Bo Cured
br Id.ii! i|,|iiif_ni(1in, m ibarjr ranMt r#tcb tht
dl-»i_m» | .riluii «,f ihw r«r. TH..!) i« ontr nn»
wij to niw ilrtfnniw, ond that U br comlliotlon-
•I 5;K*'lt*»'L,,«'!»•»» U enuttflir in ludim.d
JS?__J"*_.I_' "»• w«™«« I nlm o. tb* Ka«l«flil»«
Tib;.   Whw thU tnt)» l_ t"fl«m. % y«\\ .uto I
It It fnllrrlr rliwil lUfoMt I* lb* rwult. inJ
n.nira* rn,i l_m.imtii_t|..u can Itu tnkcu w.% _,i_i
IbU JbJ*. rin.tori _
„.. *tll M> dmtrorri)
tm tm rmni'd '    ~
' '"*».   «»..   i,v    .r.»vH   wu%   KW.
n_ to it. n-vK*) ftttdlilM, fc«_r»
trojrrd fMVftri TllM MM (Mt «f
'i» f'«t»rrh, wtilrti *• nnthtmr fcnt
'   "*—   .- — -■■•   ...   . .i.nn,   ^nn-».   ,f  Finrnfnjr
•n U««m»it fimitnl.iTi nf ib. namat tnrlint
M* will jfln. in,,, ||w,td«4 j> •      ' -
_______f'_.,w¥! !P«t**1>T «Urrl
Un, trn:
i*«j;iii gUf nm iiuudwj iioiur. tut Mmm
*^"— ' *■     tUrtti) tk«tMMMt t»
ANkd tt* *trw.
r. t. runxnr * co., T»i*d», o.
8<iH br DruttUU. lit.
Mm UtU'« i___.-V MU» tat eo__.tlf_Ua__
Shooting Season Starts Sept. 2
YOU
READY
Como in and hco our line oY
ChtnSf lUfiea, Ammujiltlon ,
J. D. QUAIL, Hardware, Furniture
.30 WINCMCTCR \
'> M O K I   i. I. '.. '.
:. o _ t       pou«. .
y-.^»_-»
"*
. a
y\ i-E'-V."
THE DISTEIOT^LEDGER, FERNIE, B.C., OCTOBER 26,1912.
PAGJ5 nvx
«.   .. .       „_..-. - ........-..."    .___. ... ..-.   .-   -     ."■-.*■      .,_■ -    . , - ,.- .>■-.- •■ > . ..^ _. , _, i .,      ,    ^     - -,-    v • ; ., ^
_
*" *   ^ "-' ~'
«aMv><u>y**»*»**^
■*■
, TABER,_NpTE8;;
►' ♦;♦ ♦ ♦.♦♦♦ ♦;♦'
v ' •   ^ ■     ■ *'   ' xx^    f
y   Everything'is'going'pretty^well In
Tabe_;;at ;-presept,<-'the•; mines w orl_-_
ing .everyday,, y. There don't, ,seem;.i.o
be'any trouble• about:cars, as 7so .far
(this", month) "the" supply' has" equaled'
" the'.demand.;'73'/ V.    ; .''•.»' '..oy:_
\   ;,Saturday!',wasvpay,-,day*at thetr big
- -_a.ne.> Some o. 'tlie,men did fairly
Wll| but ^others'again- had -a'.very
■sroall.pay.comlng. _; A miner In this
camp generally, has his,coal mined by
, a machine," an& when anything, goes
wrong, and delays the machine runner,"
lt'throws. the;loader,short of,coal and
causes him to. lose1 time, hence the
.small pay.. "VTaking the ; average lt
was fairly satisfactory from.the men's
" point'bf view. Tho output of coal was
not as large ae tbe management would
.like,- as they have a lotof. orders on
hand.'7 .The output at present is about
half the capacity of.the mine.
Dick Morgan, who ;worked ,at the
. Eureka,' the1 last two years, started on
.Monday at;the big___i__e7 -'-"'••-'
; The long expected timber has arriy-
- «d. . The delay was; owing to" shortage of cars at the mills-In-tho Pass.
There is a. lot'of, new faces at the
. . , ■   i   ..'..-.,   • -i '•       i
."big mine now. 1' There',seems to be
a'new crowd every week. *'Quite a
number from .up the Pass have been
Tiere since the mine opened.up; but
jnos^of them have quit again.;...By the_
"'way, boys,'.when you come this way
bring your, transfer with,you'and save
■ a lot. of■'"trouble., ■-.."-'' ;.'" " •" l ."*'
..Walter ,Coonibs,' who vwas .top boss
at the Canada West for the last five
years, has. resigned-bis position and
gone 'to California^;.: Before, leaving
• The was presented.with.a gold-watch
■ by the' surface' men/ with whom he
was popular'.,'' -He leaves "a large num-
. Tier of friends.behind him,-who wiBh
,   him success* in, his • new vocation.'- it
/ is. understood, that.;Mr.- Coombs    will
engage - inY the'. real,.., estate business.
His placeat the mine-is filled .by, R.
Huhtrozd, who was in., the mine as
pit boss., I J.' Saville, pteps: Into t his
place" in .'the mine, and' &> new" man,
William,'Jordan,'goes'on as' fire' boss.!
Teddy ;Brown. is fire boss on the.af,
y  ternoon shift.-' * "' '
,   -; ■ Alex"; Bpde Is oft work", kicked by a
l_7hdrse7,6n7Monday.   ■■ 7 ■ """ j ''TT-—p
' . Tlie "Canada West Co. bave ori ex;
' hibition' at 'the .'Dry .Farming" Con?'
gress. a large lump ^of coal.     It was
taken', gut'of the mine on Sunday and
;loade^ .O-i^a.wpgqn.,and_ taken.to,Let!..
bridge.   ^It-took a- day and a half to
/-
• mako' the "trip, .- A guessing; contest'
will be put on%and the. one guessing
the nearest to the weight will be given
apprize..
A pantry and apron sale,, In aid _of
the R. C. Church, "was held in the store
lately vacated by the Boston Clothiers,
oh" Saturday'^ and was well attended.
The now Presbyterian Church waB
.opened on Sunday, It has yet to be
"bricked on the outside .and will be a
" nice- building _wl_en completed,
Frank, Rlelly is getting ' tils   hotel
brick-veneered., _
The Taber Hotel hns changed hands,
, some parties, from Calgary being the,
.purchasers, .
■ A valuable, horse, the proporty of
' the town,' was killed tho othor day.
The town teamster was plowing   a
-ditch near the gas well, and the team
took fright and ran. away.    The plow
hit one horso nnd broke his leg, and
he had to be shot.
The Tabor Flro Brigade has resigned. Not a large force, Just the afore
mentioned teamster, IIo was the
whole cheese, nnd bocnuso ho could
not got to a flro with tho equipment
and put It out, before someone olse
' did, thoy thought ho wns unfit for the
job, particularly nftor tho horso wns
killed,
Hording Bros. hav<i movod.lnto their
now store,    •
The Bank of Commorco Is hnvlng
ti now building erected on the corner
of Hough" Stroot and Douglas'Avonuo.
Drilling nt tho gna woll has boon
tit a standstill for n week, owing to n
lirokon easing.    .
Organizers Tlioodorovltoh nnd Lackey were visitor*, to Tnbor Inst wook,
Another Scotch lassie has nrrlvod
in town,- on Monday morning, nt tho
homo of Mr nnd Mrs, John Hnrrlo,
-ikorybody gives the nowcomor n
..onrty welcome
.FRANK NOTB8
are in'their new location,.and.a good
many;, more" fited.. up;,1 for'.occupation,, just as quick as.they are.ready
'the.fvpebple rare'.'moving^ into"'.-them.
Alex!"Schmidt's house was moved,'furniture-and-all, but bis 'furniture!is
the worse of the.trip, as It got badly
ba.tered up.* Mr. Bryo/who lives in
the company's _>ld office, has also been
moved, while the'house was in_ motion
his children were, having "a" ride,, and
during'a jerk:""one .of, the little - girls
fell.off, and hurt her head badly, but
after a few days at the.hospital Bhe
was'able„toiretufii home;again.'
Miss Maggie.Burrows is helping Mrs
Pattison with housework now. • y ,
Rudolph' KoSar Is building ' a new
house on the lot"next to tho'hospital.
-7 Mr. A.' Turner,'of HIHciest,'moved
his family'to town last Saturday, and
has' started work "with the coal company.'    ■;.. .o -
Pete Iconas, who was working in
Maple Leaf Mine has' got work here;
and: is living in a" shack near the
river. -    , ,    ,'".„' ;. ,7 •' •
The wives .and-families of Anton
Schmdle and Frank Corner arrived" on
the noon "train . Saturday from Ger-
many. Their; husbands have ■ been
working, here :for' some , .time;: -atod
Houses:.No. ,5 and'6 are now their
homes.;    •...     . , •',,-....*
, Peter Hutchinson, ah'old timer.here,
Has' returned from his' wanderings - in
Blairmore. He is'staying .with Mr.
J; Reed. '< ■ ' T ■ "-'•"' ■■ 7"'.
" Mr7" Christie," of Bellevue, who has
been i carpenter .here for some time,
has quit.
'■ The'people of Frank are very well
pleased1 with the location, chosen by
the .Keystone; Cement Co.,, for their
plant. . It- Is just-outside the Frank
boundary, to such, extent that it may
be "called-, Blairmore,-,but it- Is N not
more _than-_a-. stone throw "from the
place where theytmsiness section of
Frank Is-to be moved/7 ;" . .■ .;: f
'•' Charlie Zachar "is getting ready- to
move into one of the company's house's in.the hewer Frank.' " -. - . ";''- •
Ablg smoker iwas; given in the.Union Hall on Saturday."'" A large crowd
was present/and,.the Bohemian Band1
was ,ih.attendance^.and supplied, the
music. -,   ■     .-   ,.,.,        .,.
7 On-Monday evening two young men
tried-to have a'good tlme.^but iri doing so became a. general nuisance liy
lying .on the C. ^_?.yJR:'r station' floor,
etc;TTahd*"horteihgT'ab]e" to ;rise, so
the'police; assisted'-;.hem to, tlie barracks where.they,cooled -'off7 before
morning. ■ V -.•'<-\r- :'• ' , ■'
.'., Mrs. - W. J.', McGowan has" been" absent inl'Calgary for'the past week'.'.7
No mails or trains arrived In,Frank
on Wednesday owing . to the- wreck
of a freight train near Burmls which"
help up traffic all day.' Reports say
that fifteen cars were ditched and
that It happened (ln the early morning
while the train was climbing a steep
graa between'Burrals';and;"Lundbreclc,
On Tuesday afternoon some of the
arternoon shift returned home on account of the lack of timber. It would
have been better if this liad happened
six or seven months ago and it would
have been straightened,before thlB.-.,
House on October,28th.under"the auspices of the Buildinjg Committee of St,
Alban's Church, the proceeds to go towards putting up' the reading- rooiri.-
EJveryone who wishes a pleasant evening come; don't forget the "date. ,   "
The stbrk'vlsitedthe home" of Mr.
and "Mrs. John Johnston7on"Saturday
the 19th .and left'a bouncing, big boy.
Mother and' baby doing" fine.."
"Mr. Jack'Maddison|Jdf Hillcrest,'was:
a visitor,to.Coleman for;the'week-end,
.   Wedding .Bells  .^     .
A very .pretty wedding* was celebrated here. on October" 23rd . at the
Institutional. Church,- Coleman, .when
Miss Florance Carr was'united in "wedlock to Mr. John Denney, bf Newfoundland.- ,' The:ceremony was ptfrfo^rmed
by the-Rev. T. M. Murry,,lh-the presence of a large number, of friends.
After"the ceremony a large number
of invited friends repaired to the home
of the "bride's father,' where the reception was held, which after satisfying the inner man the company,.repaired to the Coleman Opera House,
where a' dance was held. Their:many
friends wish them' many years bf happiness and prosperity.     '        ■"'   ..
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦■♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ :«.♦.♦ ♦ ♦
DIAM.OND CITY
Since the change of management -at
Diamond City Cbal Mines,' it .is now
booming'ahead,.-, working", a- double
shift. Very few brick houses, empty
now. ,A ]good; ieeling of contentment
prevails among the workmen, any local
grievance being promptly attended lo.
Tbe officials of - District, 18, IJ. M. W
of A., are treated,hero with courtesy.
Mr. Mutt, the Goo-liu _n representative',
jus; completed he rack rail, and
will have the rack rail motor running
this week, fwhen John Bamllng, pit
boss, .will then. he. able to employ a
large number .of workmen., . He expects to increase the output consider^
ably with the introduction of this rack
rail motor." - Mr.' Mutt has been"' very
anxious ta complete this rack- rail
business' so that the Diamond "Coal
Co. could employ more men. .Lieut-
Governor Bulyeai of Alberta, was- "a"
visitor to the Diamond Coal Co., Mine,
arid seemed very well pleased with the
results "attained. ".In coinpany ^ with
.JohaiBamlingj^pit-boss—he-made^aT
inspection of the-rack'rail motor'and
the outside "plane. '''   "
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦:♦ ♦!"♦ ♦,'♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
,♦ -.'-.'' 7: ♦
♦        'Sorbin "notes ''' ""%
COLEMAN  NOTE8
)
♦♦♦♦»■»♦♦
. .The mibjoot for the nddrons to hn
glvon in the Methodist Church next
o'una.»> night ii to bo "Is Naturo
•Clodf"
Mr. B. Arhcson left on Saturday for
Lothbridgo, whore ho witnessed the
opening of the Dry Farming Congress
una muroml to town on Tuosdny,
Saturday was pay day at the mines
here, nnd the merchants and other
business wero kept pretty busy handling tho goods and cash also,
Mrs, Edgar Ab!i, accompanied by her
family, who hns beon visiting her
mother, Mrs, John Snow, nt Sharoacro,
B.C., for the summer months, have
returned to tholr homo In Coleman.
Tho Pnul Gllmoro Compnny which
played horo on Saturday night, gavo
an excollo.it production of the piny entitled "Havoc." Although It waB
stormy and dlsagreoable, a very good
crow.d tu mod out, und ovorybody scorn-
od well Hfitlsflod with their evonlng's
amusement.
Mr. Potor Pnttorson, of Ulnlrmoro,
was n visitor In town for tho wook-
end.
Mr, J, arftfton, of Fornlo, wnB n
visitor In town for tho weekend.
Some ol! our nportsmon wont on tt
fishing trip on Frldny last. They roport fishing poor, but by nil nccounti
thero was n big grlzzloy which looked
n lot bigger than oil the fish in AI-
berth, (I_h, Jim?) Tnlte ii gun with
you noxt tlmo nnd capture the bonst,
There wore spoclnl services hold In
St, Lilian's Church on Sunday by tho
Rov, Cnnnon, of Cnlgnry.
Invitations aro out for tho mnrrlage
of MIbh Anna Orogory to Mr. Jolrti
Nash, nnd also Miss Nollle Gregory
fo Mr. *Alov, l.n«trin' Th« flciWc
wedding will take plnr« on-Octobor
aint, nnd tho ceremony will ha conducted by tho'Hev, Mr, Murry, at tho
Institutional Church, Colomnn. The
reception will be hold In tho tingles'
Hnll.
It looks ns If we wore ftolng to have
We are pleased, to hear' that Mrs.
McLean is recovering from her- Illness.
Mike can often be heard''singing
these days; tho,tune ls, "Go to^sleep
my little bit of honey.' .'■; -• ,
Our fire bosses are all after higher
positions these days. We hear that
R. Garbutt and J.' Sharp, are going
to Fernie on Monday to sit for' second
class certificates, We wish them
good luck. ' ' -    '   "
Macklo Is the happlost" man in Corbin. He got married on Saturday and
brought IiIb young bride hero, where
they are making their homo for the
fqture.
What's tho matter with Dick theso
dnys; I guoss ho Ib looking after his
rabbit.
It Ib Bald that R, Garbutt has' the
best rabbits in Corbin.
. Dob Steward Is going timbering on
tho night shift.
Albert Allen nnd Billy Warren pulled out this woek to pastures new.
We nre Informed that J. Ireson Is going to sit for fire boss p..pors on Tuesday,      .
Mrs, Ed. Roborts has left hor home
In Corbln nnd gono to Spoknne to stay
for- tho wlntor. Ed, Is following
shortly.
Wo honr thnt Goo. Spencer Is tnk-
Inglng ovor tho PoBt Office.
Our friend Dnrlass has gono to Hosmor tb tako up tho position of coal
Inspector.
The now rnilwny Is nearly finished,
Thoy nre building tho last brldgo,
which will bo completed hy tho ond
of'tho woek.
Wo hnvo got n foot of snow In Corbln nnd It's not stopped yot,
Mrs. TliomftB Dlggs Is a visitor to
Mrs. Macdonald's this woek.
Two Italians wero lnld off for n
couplo of days for not keeping lliolr
centre posts closo to tho face,
was able,to go home to Blairmore. "
The wind and rain storm on Thursday morning done quite a lot of damage in Bellevue.' LIt broke down the
electric wires that; runs the fan" for
No. 1 Mine, but it .was fixed up in
time for the afterripbn shift. . It also
broice one bf,:the windows, at the 41
Market Co. ""  " "7"   '
Bennie Reece, the Burmis butcher,
had quite a smash up on Thursday.
His horses became frightened'' and
dashed away, breaking up the wagon.
Bennie has taken the wagon to the
wheelwright, Mr." Knowles,. of Bellevue.'
'Mr. E. W .Christie'has now got his
new dwelling finished, arid is moving
his furniture to his new house, which
he intends occupying in the future.'
Saturday was pa'yj day at the Bellevue Mine and things are brisk around
town
Mr. Luther Goodwin went to Lethbridge on Saturday to take In the Dry
Farming Congress. He will be returning in a few, days. :. ■
Mrs. McKay and ' daughter were
visiting in Blairmore on Saturday, returning at night.;''■' -
* There was a 7 "very valuable calf
killed by the Flyer on-Thursday. It
belonged to'some 'Italians.-
' Wallace Rainer left camp' this week
to spend a few days with his brother In
Cranbrook, before he starts to work
again '
.The committee appointed at the last
regular meeting of- the Bellevue Local
met don ' Sunday' last and ' drew up a
program- for the memorial service
which ' is' to" be held on * December 8
at 2.30 p.m., and the committee wish
to see-a large crowd in _ attendance.
The members of the organization are
especially invited to attend.' ■
-Mrs'James Callan, of Red Deer, was
a visitor in town on Sunday last, the
guest of "Mrs. Boyiea.     -"
Mr. D, H." Hysjfop, of Coleman, "occupied the pulpit of the Bellevue Methodist .Church on Sunday last in the
absence of the Rev. Irwin.'
Mr..E.'-W; Christie occupied the p'ul-
pit bf the' Blairmore Baptist. Church
on Sunday last in' the absence of the
pastor, the Rev. Hunter.
•,'-William Stanford' left Sunday' night
on a trip as far as Medicine Hat. He
,wlll be returning" on Monday.        r"
Mrs.   and  Miss  Lillie  Auls'dp' left
c___.E__,PJU_Sundaj^,nighU7on-a-trip'-tb'
their home, in Nottingham. ■ England.
A big crowd of friends saw.them away.
Mr. Malcom Campbell was in ^yn
bn Friday and' took' in the dance in '
the Socialist Hall. '.',
■   Mr. Jack Macdonaid  was- in- town'
visiting some friends the.' latter part
of the week, ,7
William1 Maddisoh, who has bjen in
camp forsome time past has quit * nd
leaves for the Jasper Park district or.
Tuesday night. . '' ^
Jack .Mclntyre leaves camp on.Tuesday night,for .Pocahontus, where ,Jio
has'secured a position.
- Mr. Samuel Turner, leaves the camp
on,Tuesday night for the north country. .'    -   ' :
Mr. Charlie Harvey, who hns boc-n
In .camp for some, time prist, Ieu< e3
on Tuesday night for Jasper P»rk district.
visiting friends and acquaintances up
here, in company with Mrs. Duthle,
on Saturday last. ;
Deaconess Sutherland was up here
on business on Wednesday afternoon.
Mr and Mrs. H. Murray were visiting, up here on Sunday.
Paddy Egan and Dennis McGuire
have left camp for fields and pastures
new. but will return in the sweet subsequent."    '   -        "...
D. .Beck and W. Harold, have taken
a trip down the line._ We will surely
miss you, boys.
An epidemic of small pox seems to
have struck tlie" south side of the
camp., Four houses on Riverside Ave
being quarantined in consequence.
Special policemen .are stationed nignt
and day in the Infested district.
Th*e schools were closed on Monday,
Tuesday and Wednesday owing to
small pox; they re-opened on Thursday morning. '
Sleigh-riding is the rage just how.
A boon to shoemakers.
Voting on the question of a sick
and accident society,, in connection
with Gladstone Local, took place up
here on Wednesday afternoon. ■■
. Miss Sheppherd ,Miss Marjory Little
and Miss Snow of the hospital nursing staff, were visiting friends uphere
on Wednesday afternoon.' We are
pleased to see Miss.Snow recovered
from her. recent serious Illness.
A successful basket social was held
in-the Presbyterian'Church, on Monday evening. „Dick Scutt sold the bas- [
kets in his own inimitable style.'Thej
following people' contributed io the
program: Songs Miss Watson/ Mrs
Percy, Miss Bella Finch; reading, Rev
C. 'j. Hannah (of the Methodist
Church), dramatic recital, Mr. G. Flnlayson;; accompanists, Messrs Percy
and Hutchinson. . ■ Refreshments were
served 'during the evening. About
$30 was raised by the- social for the
church funds..
Too bad, boys, you missed the train.
Why did they walk home at 3 a.m.?
Nuff sed.—By Lynx-eye. , _
Charlie .O'Brien, - fire boss, No. 1
North, twisted' his knee on Wednesday evening.-' After attention frbni
Dr. Wo'rkman he was removed home,
where he is.reported to be doing as
>vell- as can-be, expected.
JackCaufleld is back at his duties
as fire boss In _\To. 1 East ■' " -
^*Pfeiralnr_St"ubbs will address a
mass meeting of the members of Gladstone _"Local,on. Sunday afternoon in
the Grand Theatre, Fernie.
tbeir lords as of all the commons; also
the hires,of the said servants in husbandry have not been put in certainty
before this time."!
The act then defined the "hires,"
and promised punishment to all masters'who paid higher rates than those
laid down. - Ihe principle Btood foi
several reigns, the rates only being
revised. The statute of Henry VII..
for instance, was a minimum wage bill,
with  safeguards;   for sanction avas
given for deductions to be made for
the "slacking" of the worker.' The
rates were fixed with an eye to the
wages current' in the districts, and
then,tbe worker was kept well.up to
the mark. He was paid less at" holiday times, for instance, and1 should be
chance to move slowly in the morn--
ings, or linger over his' meals, -his
money could be clipped at his mister's
•discretion.
The Frank Wine & Spirit Co.
Wholesale? Dealers in
Wines, Liquors and
CIGARS
FERNIE BEER ALWAYS IN STOCK,
Phone 83, Frank,' Alta. "    „. „   ■
Don't forget to try Easton's
When you want
ICE CREAM, ICE CREAM SODAS & SUNDAES
PORK AND BEAN SUPPERS
FISH AND CHIP POTATOES SUPPERS
Coleman Bakery
Alex. Easton, Prop.
Hardware and Furniture
We have the largest and most up-to-date
Hardware and Furniture Stock
in the Pass.    Everything hi,       .'     '■ ,__^
"Stoves and Ranges
Granite & Enamelware
EARLY   MINIMUM   WAGE   LAWS
' The''first'recorded ' attempt to' regulate wages-by law was made in the
reign of Richard II. of England. It
was a statute framed for tho employer,
as runs the preamble: "Servants and
laborers will not, nor by a long sea*
son would'service and labor without,
outrageous and excessive hire; and
much more hath 'been given to such
servants and laborers than ln any
tlmo paBt, so that,for scarcity of the
said laborers the ' husbandmen and
tenants may not pay tholr rents, to
the gront damage .and loss as well of
MISS STUBBS' DEPARTURE
Bellevue has lost one of Its most
popular young Indies In the person of
Miss Annie Stubbs, who loft for the
old country on Sunday night. Rumor
has it tltat she ls to get married there,
and if this is the ense thore nre many
wishes that Miss Stubbs will return,
If not to sojourn permanently amongst us, at loast on hor wedding tour.
On Friday night a ball was given In
lior honor by the nacliolor's Club,
mnny young peoplo from tlio surrounding towns participating, On Sunday
night the station presented a, lively
appearance, nollovuo turning out j^n
forco to boo her off and wish hor hon
voyngo, Sho tnkoa with hor the bost
wlf-hos for n happy, bright nnd proa-
porous future.'
Furniture   .
Carpets and Rugs
Plumbing and Heating.      Special Attention to Mail Orders
Crow's Nest Pass Hardware Co., Limited
Phone 7     FRAN K, Alta.     p. O. Box 90
Grand Union Hotel
COLEMAN, Alta. .     .'  °
Best of Accommodation
We cater to the workingman's trade
G.A. CLAIR .-,• Proprietor
F. M. Thompson Co.
The Quality Store
Blairmore,  Alta.
COAL CRBBK
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦*•♦♦♦♦♦♦
♦ ♦
DELLEVUE NOTES ♦
♦
q. q. ^.
«*♦«*♦♦♦♦♦
Mlssos I.. BIi.li ond M. Simpson | a mood old fashioned wlntor, nnd that
loft on Monday for tlio Congross City
to have a w<veJc'» holiday.
Mr. Pftlmor, who !i«i Uio contraet
for moving the town to its now ilto,
hns mnv<_! Mn furniture hore. He
hns rented tno groan houso noar the!
ronl fy>mpAn}''fl office. Ilia men and
horses are at work getting ready to
move things.
Mr. Scott has made Rood progross
with his contract, only ton moro hot! _•
■tt to wow.     fro ro#« of Jjomm
pretty soon. About-(Iftoon Inches of
i:now foil on Saturday night. Talk
about growing bananas In Allwrtn—
loo will grow hotter.
C. Stubbs, President ot r.lstrlct ti,
and W. ir. McNeil, of tho Coal Oi*r.v
tou' At-uoiili-tloi., wero iu town on the
first of the weok In connection with
some dispute with tne international
Conl Cqmpnny and Coleman Local
Union.
Thero will be a dance In Iho Opera
Miss Gono Shearer wont through an
oporatlon at tho nellevue Hospital on
MondaMnst for lonsllltls nml other
♦fc-nn; ircull^T^_v_o_ J...:i___..A.n pur-
formed the oporatlon, and tho littlo
girl Is progressing very favorably.
Master Richard Shodo eelobrated
tho annlvorslt? or his tonth birthday
on Tuosday last. Quite a fow of his
young frlonds foregathered nnd hnd ft
good tlmo. . \\
This batter from ninlrmniYt hnd «jnf{«»
» lot of trouble on Thursday morning.
Whllo he was away at tbe Italian
shacks delivering bread his wagon
was upset, and his bread was knock-
ad all over the pliee. Some good
friends hulped him to fl tip nnd ho
' In splto of the mtserablo wonthor
prevailing on pny day.qulto a largo
numbor of Crookltes Journeyed to.Kor-
nlo In tho evening to partake of Mm
ploasuros the city offers,
nil|y HoBkoth had a fright on Sat*
unfoy morning lost, „ Whllo walking
to Fernie, about 0,.C u.m, ho saw what
ho took to bo n bunch of dogs on tho
track, hut us ho got nearer ho found
them to be animals of n -Hfforont nn.
turo. Thinking dlscrotlon the hotter
rait ut valor, hu boat a hasty retreat
b.iok to civilisation, Xo moro walk'
In* to town, says Dllly,
MIbh Agnes Wrlftlit, just out from
Wiflinw, Scotland. Is table mnld fnr
Mr*., o.abtae, Coyote Street. Wo bid
y. welcome, lassie. '
Miss II. Cochrane, of Calgary, has
roturnod ,t_aek to that city, after spending a few months up hero, the gti««t
of Mr ond Mrs. Chris Wright.,
l_rnff» NMIff, tipple boss, left on
the Flyer, Sunady night, to visit his
peoplo ivlio reside nt LcthbiUlKt.,
About, .0 mombors wore onrollod nt
the formation of a Hand of Hope (n
connection with (ho Presbyterian Sunday School, on Friday the 18th.
Mrs. Marguerite Unjjhsm, of Nana-
fmo, Prw.M*n. ot tbo P.bcIiaUs, v>u_.
Fine Groceries.      Sole Agent for Five Roses Flour
Selected Teas,  Pure Coffees and Spices,    Finest Creamery
Butter and Cheese.      Canned Fruits in Variety.
' Choice Syrups and Molasses
Dry Goods     Crockery     Clothing    J^0^^1?^ ^oes
A complete assortment of goods usually kept in a First Class Store.
Foreign & Domestic goods of every description,   Goods delivered promptly, free of expense.   Phone 25. or call and get our prices.
Hillcrest  Co-Operative
Society, Limited
Groceries, Dry Goods* and General Merchandise
The People's Store
Owned by
the People
Managed by
the People
For the Benefit
of the People
Wo invito tho inspection of tho
public to our stock which is filwolutoly
fresh and choice in <»v.ny pj.rtici._nr.
Wo have ono of thc finest stores
in tho Pass.
Wo aro in.every way suited to
supply the public with quality goods
at living prices. Could you expect
more ? mm.
PAGE SIX
THE-WSTRICT^DGiBRi PERNIE,;Bp C^OOTtfBER 26,1912.
yyr^^^?^'-^S^iy7Tyy^-\ :■■■ t yt-y^ '--Vy V1: .^--i""?^^
;.7-. :?:;"v'"*1;-7'"'Vc,l-"-^i:^     ';N ■• '* ••^";'--^^;'57-' >-■;< c'' ■.''. -....• V\y77y7~';7y;7
•IS .
/>«$£ Explosions
-"At the Liverpool (England} section
of the Society of Chemical Industry
meeting en February U, Ur. J. 1-larger
read a paper on "Dust Explosions and
Their Prevention," which exploited a
new theory for the prevention of suc'i
explosions, worked out in the cheraieni
laboratory of the Liverpool University.
Briefly stated Doctor Harger's theory
is to prevent the ignition of coal dust,
and, in a measure, the ignition of-firedamp, by reducing the amount of oxy-'
gen in the air-currents flowing through
the mine. He slated that while1'ia'
lamp would not burn in air in which
oxygen had been reduced to 17 per
cent., a man could do continuous hard
work in such an atmosphere and not
notice that it, differed from ordinary
air containing 21 per cent oxygen. He
stated that a man would not notice or
feel any bad effect until the oxygen
■was reduced to below 14 per cent. At
12 per cent, the shortage was noticeable, and a danger point was reached
when the percentage or oxygen in the
air was reduced to "M: per cent. He
drew attention to some work of Professor Haldane, F.R.S., Dr. Leonard
Hill and Prof. Benjamin Moore,
P. lt. S.v all great English authorities
ou respiration, who agreed that air
containing from 17 to 18 per cent oxygen with a moderate amount of car-
ban dioxide, up to 1 per cent., was
■ perfectly suitable.for human requirement srand'-was in fact as good'as ordinary air. Dr. Leonard Hill had
made this the subject of special research for 15 years, and his opinion
therefore was worthy of credence.    ' .
He quoted from Doctor Hill as follows: i
"A reduction of oxygen to 17 or 18
per cent of an atmosphere would have
no influence on the work done. Mining operations are conducted, railways, etc., are built and big towns
exist, at altitudes where the, partial
pressure of oxygen are much less than
this. An increased percentage of
carbon dioxide, say up to 1 per cent.,
will slightly increase the breathing;
otherwise it will have no effect."
Doctor Harger slated as the result
of his own experiments and the researches and experiments of others,
that the reduction of- oxygen necessary
in the mine air varied ■ with different
coals, and with the method of working. In most mines a reduction of 1
per cent in the oxygen and the addition of V_ per cent of carbon dioxide
is sufficient. With.others a reduction of nearly 2 per cent in the oxygen
and an addition of % per cent of car-
_-Hj-»t» _-t_rtvi_rl_/i_.
—UUu—ujuaiuv;
tion in oxygen is made to 17% per
cent, with i_ to 1 per cent of carbon
dioxide, not only from coal dust_ explosions, l but from firedamp explosions, also .from fires'jot wood or coal
in the roads, and from gob .fires. For
respiration such an atmosphere is as
good as ordinary air, and for people
predisposed to consumption'it is better. This he stated has been proved
by many investigators. .
" Doctor , Harger suggested, , as a
means to reduce the oxygen In the
air, that flue gases, purified from
harmful gases and smoke, be mixed
with the fresh air entering the mine
—1 part to t30 of fresh air, or I part to
0 5 for the more dangerous mines.
This he states can., be done with very
simple appliances.
- The plan suggested does not appear
feasible. In the first place lights do-
not burn.brightly in air from hydraulic compressors carrying 18 per cent,
oxygen. Flue gases even if purified
from harmful gases will contain'some
feature that is not beneficial, to the
miner; besides, a small quantity ad-,
dttional of C02 due to lights absorbing
the lessened quantity of oxygen will
create an atmosphere that will extinguish safety lamp. For instance, in
the Burrill experiments (see Vol. 32,
Mines and Minerals, pago 650) at the
Pittsburg' Testing ■ Stations a candle
went out when carbon dioxide reached 2.95 per cent, and oxygen 1G.24 per
cent.
As the f United States Bureau of
Mines is equipped for such air investigation, there is no reason why Doctor
Harger's plan should not be proved
either practical or impractical. If
practical, even though modification,
Doctor Harger will have been proved a
benefactor lo coal mine owners and
workers, if impractical, the absolute
knowledge that it is so will be of
value.
y Letter's to ike EdM&ty
u.— f- • *      '„-,•'_,.„
The Editor doos not necessarily acqiiieste in tho views expressed!)}- correspond onter'and'
-    ■        does not hold himself responsible for same,   ',"'   •..- ■ "'-\"7 _■»"-
A PLEA FOR MUNICIPALITY.
.,   IN  CRESTON
-lL^Vi^3»_)J3UI-j— IU
—rGiiuGi*—
them safe. This diminution in tlie
oxygen in the mine air is recommended in'addition to the amount absorbed
by the coal 'dust, loose coal, and coal
faces and ribs. Ho further stated that
abso'ute safety is secured if the reduc-
HOW MORGAN TAKES
BLOOD  OF  WORKERS
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Oct. 22 —
What it means to- "llorganlze" an industry is well illustrated by what has
recently happened to the Baldwin locomotive works of this city.
This concern builds more locomotives than any similar concern in the
country and is qne of the industries in
which Pennsylvania,has for years taken pride. It employs between 14,000
and 19,000 people' at ils works in
Philadelphia and Eddystone, and for
years was the property of Philadolph-
ia^s—best-citizensp^-i—It-was-a-paying-
concern. Being a,close corporation
nobody knew exactly how much it did
pay, but those who. held the stock
weve satisfied. In the old days the
employes were pretty well satisfied,
too.      The concern  was run on the
To the Editor of the Ledger. .
■ Dear. Sir,—At the present time there
appears to be' a unanimity both in the
town and among the ranchers'that we,
should ■ get' together and' form a municipality at once, in, fact, it is impossible, Lo get along successfully without -one,: as - the constitution of our
country is of such a character that the
laws are so framed so as to meet the
needs of man in the particular locality
in which he lives to the very, best advantage.
The word Municipality means freedom, and that is why we need a municipality., There is not much, freedom
iu having to travel to Nelson, a distance of 08 miles to inspect the assessment roll. There is not much freedom in paying $2,000 per year more* for
your water supply and insurance premiums than is .necessary. There is
not much freedom in allowing a company to beat us out of one of the best
hydro electric powers in the world.
Nor is there much freedom for the
rancher who is making the country
what it is, to pay three times in taxes
what lie would were he in a well organized municipality. The present
conditions are, however, ideal for the
grafter. What'is a grafter? A,grafter is a fallen degenerate who has lost
the vital principles of truth" and uprightness and is a snare to any community and a curse to'any nation.
No community will ever develop with
these stumbling blocks in the way,
therefore get rid'of them at once. But
you say tell us how grafting works in
figures. Well St.is said that there
are 9,000 acres in this valley that has
not paid any taxes to the provincial
treasury. It is said that over' 10,000
acres in this valley -is paying only
about one-fifth of what it' ought to
pay.   A gentleman said to me a short
JStt^J^
* t
7y X Indianapolis; "lnd.i' Oct, 19; 19i2:
To the Districts, Sub-Districts and Local Unions of
the .United Mine porkers "of America.. -,
Greeting: • ,'."•-;.  '7 ' ,Syy ^   ''.77.   '7
* "    As a result of a 'depleted treasury,during the1
time ago,, that he'saw a piece of-work
done on the road and according to-his
figures the work should' have been
done for "?600, but ?2,66o; was. paid
for! the work. ,; If we had "a municipality'it would, control our own' water- years 1911 and 1912'/ and: the "many, strikes ia. pro-
power, and there-would be no chance of ' .-..--.-.	
graft with public moneys. ' The,people, did well to send in the Municipal
Petition, because the' Company,' who*.
1 understand had a charter.^ has allowed it to be cancelled by default, and
now there is; a municipality pending;
therefore, the-company are,- naturally
out of It,'1 as the "priority of right in
the Goat River Canyon becomes'the
property of a municipality, inasmuch
as the company failed to develop -it.
I understand that the assessment roll
will bo inspected and many appeals
will be made to the Court of Revision,
and it Is altogether likely that the
whole question of the wild land iii this
district will find its way to the Supreme Court ,from which the assessment must stand for at least two
years. The last official report I have
of the amount of taxes collected, in
this district showed abput $17,000.00
taxes collected, when .we know when
the appeal goes,,before the judge at
least ,$60,000 will'be collected. If
then seventeen thousand 'dollars is all
we require, why not equalize this amount and no one will be burdened and
tlie government does not need the
money. - ,     y
I understand a" big municipal' meeting is to be held shortly and, if we all
get together we can get a municipality
far enough on the way so as'to dispense with the need of all those legal
proceedings, but we have no "time for
delay The matter can then be taken up in a business-like way, and an
active committe appointed and the
whole business done with dispatch.
Thanking-, you for space,
T. M. EDMONDSON
Creston, B.C., .Oct 26.   ,
gress at the time -this administration .took charge,
and desiring to minimize as far as possible, .consis- -
tent with the rights of four membership,, the, financial burdens imposed on'bur organization, we take
this methou of appealing for finances to successfully* prosecute the strikes in which the organization is involved.J.    ..■        -   *' -'."'-   7
'• - - .     ■-..-' i''      -  • •
There is at the; present time a strike in West
Virginia involving several.thousand,men and their
families,.800 men and their dependents in Colorado,
1,000jnen and families in Vancouver; to this number must be5 added a local strike in District No. 8
and No. 19, all of which is being financed by the
International Organization. N
Realizing that the winter is approaching and
large numbers of our people having been evicted
from their homes, making it necessary, to provide
shelter for them, necessitating large expenditures
of funds, arid fully conscious of the fact that our
present income with the amount on hand in our
treasury is inadequate to meet all anticipated demands until the strikes are over, it becomes necessary to provide additional income.    7
. Those.of our members who have clothing, shoes
or other, supplies which could be used by'thesepoor
unfortunate people, would confer a favor by forwarding the same to James Cantwell, Bradford
Buildings, Charleston, W. Va., and he .will see that
they are properly distributed where, most needed.
Believing that our members are fully aware
how,, vital it is to the organization that the strikes
mentioned-should be vteri, we, appeal to our mem-v.
bers for vol Wary, contributions in such: amounts 7,
as the localVumbns/Bub-districta[arid districts,are ,
willing and able to donate, and^ urge, that a prompt \
and liberal response be made. ' Injthe.event"that-
_ it becomes necessary later on toleyyjan assessment,
all'amounts so donated will,be crediteiiftojthe different branches according to; the amount received,
S Your officers* have done all-in..their power.to..
bring aoout a successful settlement" of "the ,!many"'1
strikes now in progress, arid wilt continue to do so
in, the, future, but no settlement,wiirbe made, how-,
ever/unless it is an-honorable,settlement and ill
harmony with the principles of .the organization;
We are very reluctant to resort to the levying of an
assessment and believe, that if our membership can
fully, appreciate the importance of,7 prosecuting
these strikes until victory is achieved that they will
respond tb such an extent that sufficient revenue
can be obtained without having to levy ari| assessment.
Upon receipt-of this "circular, * districts, sub-
districts, arid local unions are.advised to call a
special meeting arid act immediately; all amounts
voted to be forwarded to Edwin -Perry/Secretary-
Treasurer, 1106 State Life. Bldg.'; Indianapolis, Ind./
who will receipt for,same.
Expressing the hope that we may receive substantial donations from the several branches of the
organization and that the strikes may be terminated,
successfully at an early date, we are, .. " -"
" '.: Fraternally yours;   ' t
JOHN P, WHITE, President,
7 FRANK J. HAYES, Vice-President,.
EDWIN  PERRY, SecretaryiTreasurer.
By order of the International Executive Board.  T
. ..
principle of < the open shop, but the
unions flourished to a considerable extent.
About a year ago, Mr. Edward T.
Stotebury of Drexel and Co., Philadelphia's representative of J.,.P. Morgan
arid Co., observed that it was about
time lo exploit this prosperous manufacturing concern.- Its capital had
been increased several limes but waff
still below $20,000,000.     On the basis
S3.rni" ST—a«(l=nnccihlA_ fi]fiirtt_pni*niriP|,c .
v*»» *4 _ t-g^—   vnu— |.# v *r _u m fc_r » v & *.* v-^ * ■**-.—vC_V*  •— »paONr
the principles of "high finance" demanded that there be an issue of new
securities. So1 Morgan acquired a
controlling interest in the Baldwin
works. -   .
Soon after the passing of the control
of the Baldwin works, wages were decreased. This strike, which was
started about a year ago, became the
occasion for bitter warfare on union
labor in the Baldwin works. The
police were used freely and their
treatment of the strikers was brutal
in -the extreme. The result bf the
strike ■ was' complete defeat for the
employes, • and the absolute crushing
of the unions. ,   ■_ .
-.—Under—now—m&riagement—Uie—work,
was put under" what" is known as the
"sub-contract" system;'' a system by"
which employes take contracts to wont
their fellow employes with similar results to those seen in the "sweating"
process in other "industries. The com-
f.
pany-refused, the demands of the men
for shorter hours; the general'response to such demands being that the
company could not afford, to grant
these demands. As a result of the
strike, the men. who .went back to
work suffered a cut in wages amounting in different'"branches "of- the 'industry, to 20 and 30 per cent.
This new issue, of stock, therefore,,
represents; a .technical, legal right:on
the part of its holders to,take from
the workers'.an increased.,share- of.
their product without a just return.
Incidentally. ■ it- is interesting to
JtnowJhfl.trecords_,ca_MMl5L_MPtjkQ_i,
that from 12 "to 20 persons are injured
or killed in these' works dally. . The
burden of these accidents, under the
present laws', falls entirely., on r the
workers arid their families.—Gibson
Gardner.
FOR MAKING SOAR
SORTENING WATER,
REMOVING  PAINT,
DISINFECTING SINKS.
CLOSETS,DRAINS,ETC.
SOLD0 EVERYWHERE
REFUSE SUBSTITUTES
- ■  *
This is for the Man Who Hasn't the Money
Investments camp on the path of tlie man who has tlie coin. He" has his choice of anything on'the market, bnt the mail whose capital
consists mostly of inclination and little available money finds but few available opportunities. IT IS TO SUCIJ/MEN THAT ATHABASCA
LANDING OFFERS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY. ' , y .     ;
We have consistently and conservatively advertised ATHABASCA LANDING, not to capitalists biit to the man who wants to become
a capitalist. ■ ,
We invite yon to consult us, and want to satisfy you that ATHABASCA LANDING is the Best Investment To-Day for the fqllowing
reasons: , „_,,,,:
Read What the Big Capitalists are doing in Athabasca Landing :
THE GREAT OIL FIELDS ARE NOW OPENED UP AT
ATHABASCA LANDING AND THE BIG RUSH IS ON
Two More Oil Drilling Outfits Shipped Out
Alliiilmsi.a I__.itii<1 itiK News:
''(.'ontpji.'ior A. I«\ Kcls.-y lnmlt _1 tv... slnlionni'.v stouni lioili'i's 1 Iiik
wih'U willi tlieir i'diiijiIi'iiii'iiIh of drill IihiIh nnd piping, mid will lcnvc
iiiii-iciliiitoly willi tin .ii for tln> oil fields down tin1 river.
"One drilling outfit is for llio (Ircni North Oil mtd Asphalt Com-
jinny whoso operations nre ul the mouth of the lionise Uivor. nnd the
oilier is for the Steep Muni. Oil Conipniiy twenty miles lichnv ,\|e-
.Murray. Mefoiv navigation closes five or six different companion"
will he drilling the AMiiihiiNcii Oil basin, ns oil has already heen found,
tho dale of lho undid rush appears to he i-nii-inn pleasantly licai."
Mr. •!, K. Cornwall, the energetic iiit'.iihit of Provincial parliament
for the I'eaoe Wiver district, and champion of Ihe, N'orlli said:
"fifulciirUis claim, within a few miles the Invest deposit, of tnr
sands and asphalt iu tho wilrld, This is a natural navinir ninterial
and lies tin-re unused nwn.Hiur tho, eominp of thn railvoinlH. Thoso
(rival asjihnlt deposits often reach n depth of 100 foot and are found
for miles nlonp tho hanks of tho Atlinhason Itivcr. Dominion flov-
ornm_nt ^colonists estimate that there aro nearly five hillion loin, of
aHphall hen-," IIo also claims there are tlio (froatest oil products in
thu wodd in the North. .An outfit drilling at Ailia.iason Lauding
Htruek n gusher which is flowing ono hundred harrelH; thnt from n
lift foot hole.
STOP AND CONSIDER WHAT A GREAT RESOURCE THIS IS.
A largo PUTjP and PAPER MH.L has been started, and the. only
Paper Mill West of thc Soo in Cannda, They have enough pulp wood
in Iho-Athal.nKfin District to supply all of Western Oanada, which
means a great resource, tliis mill being run with Natural Gam.
Athabasca Landing the Manufacturing and Wholesale Distributing Point for the Grand Prairie
and Peace River Country
A large Uriel; manufacturing concern have installed their plant to
turn out ,'>0,0l)0 bricks daily, along with several olh.'r manufacturing
coueoriiH which havo gone into Athabasca Landing during tho last
month, and all commencing on their plants. ''
Where Rail and Sail Connect
in
ion
net.
t
Athabasca Landing is surrounded by lho best agricultural land
Western Canada, its wheat winning tho first prize   in   competitlc
with the world.    This is owing to its low, altitude being 1470 fee
V'-vov .mown to hnvo n hnll _1,_vm .». tin _ district.
Gas Galore
Mow bigger than Pelican.    Town will hu lighted right away.
AthabiiHcn Landing News, Octobor 12th, 1012.
"As we go to |)r.'H.s we 1c.mii that n Jrenit'iidotis flow ot gas was encountered this morning in the drilling operations nt the edge of
town.    Tho flow is declared to he much heavier thnn tho famous well
at Pelican Knpids, und the deafening noise of the esenpo is so groat
that one cannot stand close to it, II. A. lionnar, president of the
company; wires that arrangements will be made to light up the town
right away,
Athabasca Landing the Great Northern Terminal
Canadian Northern Kail way from Kdmouton ,to Athabasca Landing; Canadian I'aieifio Railway from Edmonton to Athabasca Landing; Canndinii Pacific Railway from Wilkie.
Tho Trans'l'iicific, McKcnzio Hasin and Hudson's Hay railroads
have a charter to Athabasca Landing and the Provincial (lovorumonl
have, pai'nut.oil the bonds for a road from hero to -Fort McMurrny,
and one to I'imcc River (Yos-'.nj; and ono to .Lac La Hicho. The
Canadian IV.i'ic Hailrond to Pence I-'ivor Crossing; Ciinndiiui North-
'■ni U'Mroad'Vftin llattloford; '(raw1 Trunk Pacific 1'rom Prince Al-
. Iiert; Caniidinn Northern Railroad from Prince Albert.
Stop and realize with these Railroads Going to Athabasca Landing
What a Big Olty this will be.
When thoao largo concerns are investing their millions why cannot
tho small invoNlor reap tho samo percentage of the great jtrofils?
Realize, withjlipse railroads, going to Athabasca Landing what a groat,
city it will bo,
Now is tho timo to invest when prices are right. Do not wait until
the big boom nnd pay boom prices, and when investing do it with a
reliable firm and buy direct from the ownors'and you are not paying
two profits. ,
Wo have tlio best property iu AthabiiHon Landing with a good guar-
unico, flnd «t tlio right prices and terms. For lurthcr particulars
and Atlmba«.ft Landing Roord of Trnd<» Literature nee the Largest
Real Estate operators in "^cstem Cnnndn. '
McCutcheon  Bros.,   Liphardt Block, Fernie, B.C.
OPEN EVENINGS.
HEAD
\ OFFICE?
Calgary,    Branches: Toronto, tt'cgtnn, MooseJow, Kdmonton, Ottawa, Victoria, B. C.Ilrsntford. Montreal; London, England; Glasgow, Scotland. ^C»'¥^7
* •■'tl
THE DISTRICT; LEDGER, PERNIE, B. C, OCTOBER 26/1912.
Professional Mid-Wife
OWhen'" ih Spokane/ see* Dx\ .Mary
i ' a\   i * -" _ Ci*'1 -**      - * y i'   *    .,*-*,*
Swartz,' Specialist in Female Troubles.
'.'->,_ .r:iy,\\ y . '- ;-?..      ,."''■•
- .Expert ."confinement'; cases';- - good
homelfqr patients."' y "• .-   '. '-7 •-■ _.■>
Di. Mary Swart*.;
■*...      , - \r   S    ' St      *,       x - y ,'V
Galena Blk._ Room S^Post.and. Rivier-
.'' "side, Spokane, Wash'.''"■-   y
For qurpcfjreign Brothers
Italian
COME   SI   AMMAZZA
The Hotel
DALLAS
■*
You're always welcome here
Clean Rooms;-Best of
Food and every
attention ;
THOS. DUNCAN 7 Passburg
One of the
Best
C. J. ECKSTORM      Prop.
Lethbridge, Alta.
K
Wholesale Liquor Dealer
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes
7    .Gents'Furnishings
/BAKER   AVENUE
^BRANCH   AT   HOSMER,;'B.C.
L. E. McDonald
7'        HORSESHOEING
•GENERAL    BLACk8MITHING
' ' and   '
CARRIAGE   BUILDING
Express and  delivery Wagons a
Speciality   ,
! JJINGER     I
[MACHINE
■t  ,    ,. >.      .   <■ ■ ■.
•_     -
• t ■bm__________________i
• _       . .
c
c
t
■ c
•i
c
'*■■•,      ' -' _    '
'■ f Pellatt  . Ave.    North
*'-. ' •' ■ _ v ..: -    - *
^***¥¥*¥****¥* ************
B'- stata "fatta una 7statistica sulla
(lelinquenza di vari stati. TVediamo
infatti come vengono'; finiti' i condan-
nati a morte'dai, vari paesi ch^ "tengono in vigore la pena capitale.
La Spagna li strangola'mediante la
"garrote," la Serbia, li 'fufcila;-l'lnghilterra, la Russia, la Turchia;,la'Persia, l'Austria, Ungheria.'li impiccano;
il Portogallo li strozza, .al par della
Spagna, colla garrote, genere di sup-
plizio molto ' antico presso le genti
iberiche.
La Francia, la Grecia, la Germania,
il pnincipato di Monaco, il Lussembur-
go, la Syizzera, la Clna, ecc. ecc usano
invece mozzare I] capo al condannati
a morte. Pino al 4870 questo supplizlo' fu in grande onore anche negli
Stati della Chiesa.
In Germania susslste l'antlca decap-
itazione m.diante la acure.
In Isvlzzera, i canton! che hanno
conservato la pena dl morte quella
loro legislazione penale—e sono quelli
di Priburgo,- Lucerna, Uri, Zug—in
caso di esecuzione si servorio' della
ghiglottina di proprieta del Cantoue
di Schiaffusa clie e stato l'ultimo a
riattivare—nel 1894—la pena capitale.
Nell'Annam, nel Tonchino, ecc, la
testa dei malfattori, viene tagliata con
una grossa sciabola,  .
Pbiish
SOCYALISCI   VV   PORTUGALII
WM.     BARTON
_ t (   - _      '
Ajcent   Fernie   Branch
HOTEL
Or. de Van's Female Pills
A reliable French Mutilator; never fails. These
pills nre oxcoedlnffly powerful In regulating tho
^«eneratlvu portion of tlio female system. Kefuso
all cheap Imitations, I)r. ite Von's nie sold nt
»fi ft box. or three for $10. Mailed tn.any nild'^s
Tha 8ool)»)l! Drug; Co.. St. C-othfrlnvn, (int.
Southern
H OTEL
1      BELLEVUE, Alberta
«- The New and   .'
Up-to-date Hotel
Every person likes to be comfortable. We have the latest
design of steam heating apparatus in «vory room. . Our menu
is the best. We guarantee satisfaction. Two blocks from C.
, P. R. Depot. Old and new faces
"welcomed.
New Michel, B. C.
P. Zorratti - Prop.
LE SPERANZE DELL. UNIONE    '
I! movimentd operaio Americano-!:a
sdegnosamente. disapproval e <rlm-
brottato l'atteggiamento assunto dal
Governo. verso'i milioni di lavoratori.
Questo -movimento tende. a fare-dei
buoni cittadlr_i,._lei bravi operai, degli
tmesti ed esemplari padri di famiglia.
Esso svlluppa 1'istinto sociale del la-
voratore;' apre sempre piu 'il cerehio
delle simpatie; allarga l'orizzonte Intel lettuale, po'nendole in grado di potere studiare e risolvere prima i gravi
problem! che lo _ riguardano dircttn-
mente;% e poscia quelli che riguardano
il lavoro in generale, sino adinteres-
sarsi poi di-quelli che coinvolgono gli
in'eressi dell'intiera eomunita. ' Esso
'ftimola ed in'culca i, rispetto° por se
stessoe mira a conquistare Io spirit,
d'lndlpendenza*-     . ■ '       • ',       \
II mo.imentb operaio e' il poteritis-
simo mezzo di difesa contro la schiavi-
_LuJndustri,_lfi_._-nnv_.f>p_ie_ __>_»_.___,,..,. .--
delle piu po^enti garanzie per rnggiun
gere la liberta."- '
BELLA   COSA    L'EREDITA!
Every
convenience
and   ■
attention    •
Meals iliuL tasto liUo
niotlicM' nsiM'l to cook
Best in the Pass
J oi. Grafton, Proprietor,
COLEMAN
Liquor Co.
Wholomilo Doalorsin
Wines
4
Liquors
Cigars
Orazio Xolson, l'ammiragio inglese
vinoltore'di Tmfalgar,\iveva un fratel-
io, che avqva un nipote, cho aveva iin
flKlio il quale porta oggi il titolo di
Lord Nelson.
Questo illusive .porsonaggio ricefe
dnllo Stato una penslone annua d'i $2"),-
00    Egll  la   percepisco  da  G7
anni. '   .   - ,
Perche?    ' "
Perche nveva un pndre, che avovn
unoi'zlo, cho aveva un fratello che sl
chiamava Ornzio Nelson.
II nobile lord hn votato contro II
progetto di logge cho'istltuiva lo pension!'dl Stato pel vecchi ln(/l«ontl.
, (ZNaprzodu krakows.) , y
Za czasow rz'adow monarchistycz-
anych wszystkie ,zywioly niezadowol-
one laczyly sie pod sztahdarern repub-
likariow i pod ich' haslera pi-owadzily z
rzadem' walke zacieta. -*
0 ruchu czysto socyalistycznym nie
bylo mowy, jak i^'syndykalistycznym,
ktory obecnie stal sie pewnego rodzaju
teoretycznym anarchizmem. Polaczr
enie sie tych trzech grup republika-
now, gocyalistow i syndykalistow bylo
tem latwiej zrozumiale, ze.przyw'odcy
republikanow 'mowill o zasadzie "so-
cyalnej republlki," jako o czems zupelnie naturalnem i nie uwazali jej
utopie.jak sie to'u^nas dzieje. Takze
po obaleniu monarch! zwiazek tych 3-
ch grup trwal dalej.
Rzad tymczasowy staral sie o ile
moznoscl' uczynic zadose ich zadan-
iora. Nieba^'em jednak obraz zmienil
sie. ]
Kapitalisci wycofall sie z dzlalalnos-
d, nie chcac ryzkowac majatkow, zan-
im stosunki nie u'regu luja sie; ruch
budowlany zamarl, rzad nie^mial czasu
rozpoczac dzialalhosci w tym kierun-
ku a naturalnem nastepstwen tego by
lo ogonle przesilenie robotnicze.
Republikanieprzekonalj sie, ze teor-
ye socyali'saycfcne. sa wrogie burzuaz-
yi,va socyallsci spostrzegli,'ze takze
7'republika" nie jest raflykanlym srod-
kiem w odwiecz'nej walce kapitalu "z
praca. •      ,   '
Socyalisci utworzyii odrebna partye,
ktora wprawdzie zewnetrznie, to jest
pod wzgledem zap'atrywan na „ forme'
rzadu zgadza sie z' republikanaml,
wewnetrznie jednak od nich. zupelnie
rbzna.    ■ ■
Republikanizm portugalski skla nia
sie silnie do absolutyzmu. Wedlug
niego Wgzyscy inaczej myslacy mu'sza
bye zniszczeni, i moze tam tstniec tylko jedyny ','zbawczy" kosciol republi-
kanski z Alfonsem Costa jako papie-
zem i Antonim Almeida i Comacka
jako apostolami.
Pod wplywem tej nietolerancyi wiel'e
najzdolniejszych zywiolow odsunelo sie
od republikanow, a przylaczylo sie do
socyalistow.tak, ze niebawem z partya
ta.jako najsilniejsza, trzeba'sie bedzie
liczyc. ■    ■     .
Wobec terazniejszych warunkow .eg-
zystencyi przy wzrastajacej.z kazdym
flllii_m _rlp__w.r_-»^i£-« . -_t i__i .__
—u,.u,-.ij uoj <i.iic-],i uu«Kio«^"zywil"OT7Ci7
zastoju w przemysle i wskutek tego
braku pracy,'socyalizm robl szybkie
postepy.   '
ANOTHER   UNION   VICTORY
By • an agreement entered into between the officials of District No, 15,
United'Mine Workers, of America,,'
and the officials of the Louisvillg Coal
and- Land Company (a newly incorporated company), operating a new
mine'at Firestone,' Colo., the Mine
Workers scored another victory.
As, a result of this 'agreement a
large number of union miners will be
put to work. District President Williams entered into negotiations with
the above" company severa] weeks ago,
and recently, at a meeting held in the
Lake View Hotel, at Firestone, Colo.,
the contract was signed by both parties to the' agreement. The agreement reached is the "same as that
which the American ,yuel Company
signed last March,-,which agreement
includes the uniform scale, based on
what is known in District No. 15. U.
M„ W. of A., as the Louisville scale.
PAGE SEVEN
., The United Mine Workers of America, "ending September. 30th, 1912,
showed, a membership of ooS.980, the
largest -membership in the history of
the organization.
TO RAISE AGE FOR       -
STARTING WORK
New  South   Wales   Government   Ad-
vised to Make Fifteen Age for
Leaving School
We note that the New. York Chapter of the Cat'holifi Knights of Columbus have: "Resolved that Socialism In
its ^ fundamental principles and , doctrines, is a religious, not a political
question,"
This puts the Socialist party in a
difficult predicament and removes it
from tho field of consideration in 111 Is
campaign unless it-can overcome this
resolution.
, We don't know wlint to suggest unless, by way of reply, it resolves that
tlio Knights of Columbus, in their fun-
dnmcntnl principles and doctrines, nro
n political, .not a religions, o_gnnli.fi-
tlon.—Ellis O. Jones In Llfo,
SYDNEY, N. S. W., Oct. 17.—The
trend of Australian industrial legislation is to retard the age at which a
boy may start working for a livelihood
in order that he may get the fullest
advantage-of the Australian syBtem
of compulsory and free state education. In ^he annual report of the
New South Wales state department of
labor and industry the New South
Wales government has been advised
by its departmental officers to raise
the"age at which children of either
sex may commence work in factories
to 15 years. A provision Is proposed
in regard to boys only that where the
minister bf labor is satisfied that the
boy is physically strong, is fairly well
educated and that his earnings' would
be a very material aid to the upkeep
of the home, special permission to
work in -a factory might be granted
at the age of 14 years. Any such action should,- however, be preceded by
the raising of the age at which they
might leave school as well as extra
vigilance on- tho part of the truant inspectors, as' parents at the present
time frequently complain of the great
difficulty they have in getting their
children-to regularly attend school
after they have passed the age of 13
years. The report recommends that
no boy,under 1G or any girl under 18
should be permitted to work overtime
in a factory.
C H RI8TI ANS~CTUXOUs ;
TO  WOES  OF  MASSES  ■
. SAYS   NOTED   DIVINE
COMPENSATION ACT IS PROVING
EFFECTIVE IN WASHINGTON
Mail Orders receive
prompt attention
List of Locals'District 18
.»*_>, NAME SEC, and P. 0. ADDRESS
20 IJniiklioiiii  V. Wlit'nlley, I'lnnkhond, Alln.
iii Beaver Creek IX Komp, Ilenvor Creole, via 'rinclior
4ft I Hnlloviio. ■ .     ...      ,1  MnrUn  iviinvun   .;vn,...   »..„
iJ03 Ulnlrmoro  W. ... Kvnn«, T.11K Altn.
1»4U' lliirmls I. MairrtnH, Pnimlniriy, Altn.
ZW Cnrboinlalc J. Mitchell, Carbondolo, Coltunnn, Alia,
1887 Canmoro  N. I). Thno link, Cnnmoro, Aim,
5033 Colomnn  W, drnliam, Colomnn, Altn.
M77 f'nrhln WTiiilitu'   fft.-Mt.   t» r
U2C C'l.fuook MlncH .... J. Snntoni. Chinook Mltiea, Altn,
8178 diamond City..... Albert Knk, Diamond City, Lclhbrldno.
231. r-'omlo ,.., Thoa. Uphill, Kornlo, II. (!.
(263 Frank.... Bran Morgan, Frank, Alta,
_407..Uo_mor ,.„..,,... yr, Ilaldora tono, Tlosmor, IVC.
1058 Hillcrest .,*    George I) amborough, Hlllcroat, Alta.
IVH U.l_.ir\i)g«  V. Moora,    604, Bluecnlli St., North'.tthbrtdg..
118$ I_«hbrldg* Colllerlea Krank Tla rtnuham. ««c„ trla., Klpp. Altn.
tWA Lille  VV. u JCvana, I.IIIp, Krank, Alta
18-29 Mapla Leaf  J. Magdall, Panburg, Alta.
UU Michel  m. Uttfrell, Michel, B. C.
2322 Paasburtr  A. __uakar,"Ptt»aLrt.._., Alta.
2580 Royal View ....... Geo. Jordan, Royal Colllerlea, Lothbridgo. AUa.
IWa Tkbar.....  A. Patieraon, Tabnr, AHa.
_\U Tal*.. Win. _>'i>.«yt.i. '...tar, AUa.
Money that Went for Fighting the
Clams Now Pays for All the Injur-
lea.—Previously Only One Injured
Workman In Every 110 Ever Re-
covered Damages,
OLYMPIA. Wnah., On, 32.—Not ono
com need bo lovlod on oinjiloyors In
cInHsos 30 anil -Ifi undor tlio workmen's
comiioiiBiitlon law "covorln.; itHplnilt
mnniifneturlni. nnd thonlro bUiko em-
nloyooa, rospcr.tlvoly-, uccordlnu .to Hla-
tlstlcH compiled by tlio indiiati'lnl In-
Hiirmu'O coin|iilRHlnii nf Wnalihift'ion.
whlcli show Mint of tlio nmoiintu hcro^
toroi i collootod for tho fundi, of thowo
I wo cIiihhuh notiiliiK Iiiib been oxnond-
nd.
, Tli.'Hfl HtntlBtlcft hIiow tlmt with tho-
niimljor of n. .idontH lo bo 'rompfii-
«at«'d which imvc ocpurrcd In tho firm
year of lho oiioi'iillon of tlm lnw, ihe
lutmcilt rntOH or lovy In nil chimin
cnn be cm io niiicli U.hh limn hnlf,
oxpj'iit In Urn two chit,hch covorliiB mil'
road roitHiruction and liiiubwIiiK. hIiIil
Kb* mill and IoxkIiik oporalloiiH.
8pent Small Portion
aloiiH.    A total of $-Hri,C37..'l wont di-
roctoly to the payment of clnlnm.
StntlstlcB compiled by tho commission which Oovornop Hay uppolnlod
to prepni'o tlio workmen'.) compi .ihii-
tlon lnw showed that conaldovnbly
ovor $(100,000- wns eo.loctoi! nnnimlly
from ninjiloyera In Ihe atnto In ciiBiuii-
ty company premlmiiH, tIiph.) stntlH-
lies also allowed ttint but $100,000 of
LOXDON, Oct. IC.—Tliat posterity
would be truly amazed at the callous
complacency of modern Christians
towards penury,and squulid mlsory.
was the opinion voiced ny Professor
W. F. Adcnoy,' lecturer of history of
doctrlno and dean of faculty of theology at tho Manchester University,
who in Iiih presidential address to the
Congregational assembly todny, made
a strong appeal for the church's support'In nh endeavor to bette/thc condition or the working man,
'Dr. Adency doclnrcd that the'more
prosperous churches should help to
socuro cn.ui.blo conditions for the community of'Knglnnd. Tho grout oco-
nomle requirements ,.of the United
Kingdom nt the present tlmo. cbntlrm-
editho doctor, wns a living wngo..and
tho furnishing or habitable cottages to
nKri__ultm.il laborers instead or tho
plcturesfiuo ruins which are called
homoB by (ho landlords of the prosont
dny,
SUFFERERS FROM PILES S
ZAM-BUK HAS CURED THESE!
Friction on' .the hemorrhoid veins
that are swollen, inflamed and gorged
•with blood, is what causes the terrible
pain and stinging and smarting of
piles. Zam-Buk applied at night will
be found,to give ease before -morning.'
Thousands of persons have proved this.*
Why not Ibe guided hy the experience
of others? •
Mr. Thomas Pearson, of Prince
Albert, Sask., writes: "I must thank
you for the benefit I have received from
Zam-Buk. Last summer I suffered
greatly from piles. I started to use
Zam-Buk and found lt gavo me relief,
so I continued It, and after UBlng three
or four "boxes I am pleased to say lt
has effected a complete cure."
Mr. G. A. Dufresne, 183-185 St.
Joseph Street, St. Roch, Quebec, P.Q.,
writes: "I can 'highly recommend
Zam-Buk to-everyone who suffers from
piles."
Magistrate   Sanford,    of    Weston,
King's Co., N.S., aays: "I Buffered long,
from itching piles, but Zam-Buk has
now cured me."
Mr. William Kenty, of Upper Nino
Mile River, Hants Co., N.S., sayB: "I
■uttered terribly (from piles, the pain
at times being almost .unbearable. I
tried various ointments, but everything
I tried failed to do ma the slightest
good. I waa itlred of trying various
remedies, when. I heard of Zam-Buk,
and thought as a last resource I would
give this (balm a trial. After a very
short time Zam-Buk effected a complete
cure."
, Zam-Buk ia also a sure cure for sktn
Injuries and diseases, eczema, ulcers,
varicose veins, cuts, burns, bruises,
ehaps, cold sores, etc 60c. Box from
all druggists and stores, or poat free
from Zam-Buk Co.-, Toronto, for prica,
Befuse harmful Imitations.
Try Zam-Buk Soap. C5c. tablet
When you can own
your own home? .
We have for sale
Lots in town and Lots
in subdivision in Coleman at all prices. We
can suit your income.
Call and see us.
Coleman
Realty Co.
AGENTS FOR
Fire Insurance and
Oliver Typewriters
Imperial Bank of Canada
Capital Subscribed
Reserve  Fund
D. R.
HEAD OFFICE, TORONTO
6,000,000       Capital  Paid  Up  ....        6,460,000
6,460,000       Total Assets      72,000,000
WILKIE, President HON. ROBT JAFFRAY, Vlce-Pres.
BRANCHES   IN   BRITISH COLUMBIA
Arrowhead. Cranbrook,  Fernie, Golden, Kamloops, Michel, Moyie, Neleon,
Revelstoke, Vancouver and. Victoria.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
lr,terest allowed on deposits at current rate from date of deposit.
FERNIF. BRANCH
GEO. I. B. BELL, Manager
C E. L YONS
Insurance, Real Estate
and Loans
Money to Loan on first class Business and Residential property
THE      W\ ft   SCS1864
ome dank of Canada
WANTS GYM. OPEN' FOR
WORKING
. . SPOI.A_.l_.   WiihIi,,   Oct,
thia grout sum was expoinlod for Hid liters of tlio, H|iok«»io Hoard nf l.du..i-! roimiiilK on (lononil
oompcnantlon   of   Injured   workmen. I tlon arc iiiiiiiilmotiBlv'ln favor of oprn- '■
Tho remalndnr w.ml lo ilcfunt    tholr  lng lho KViiiiinsliiinH of tin- two liHh < Head
fihilniH and pay dividend* to KohIitii  hcIiooIh In  the olty for hkp of hIioii infficn
casually I'Oinpuny stoPkholdcVa. Klrla   for   i.kl.i   ,.|,IBHl.H   |„   ,,hyalfal : ^"^
Whllo (lio .■olloctloiiH tluiH far from jiralniiiK.    A litiuilior of pcillloiiH lmv<. |
.bcun ruui|.«_d by. tim lioi.nl, ro
SHORT TIME SAVINGS ACCOUNTS
Mnny Snvin^s A<•< .iiintK nre njieneil willi tin- JJaulcs hy persons
j who mv sell in-,' nside sinnll wi...imis, iVoin lime tn lim,., |„ ninke pro-
j virion Un- tin. | ...vineii! „r „ IiI"** instiniiiee |irciniiiiii; iliHc-lmi-Ki! n murt-
GIRLS'  r"k''! ("' lm'H' S""U' •Si"lil1"' "l,|W|,'''»-       Tlii-HP sliorl   lime SiiviiiKrt
, AciMiuiitH uru rciidily iieeepluMe lo the Home ..,_„]<. mid full
Mpm.| pniunl  iillei-esl   is pni,l iIuimhK the roilllil  period    Hint
(hu
(!l)lll-
money
TORONTO
oraployern uiwb-r tlie- worUiiiuir.. i-om-
poiiHiitlon law iiKKrowito moro lhan ilw
cnHiinlty premluma In the fon • dayw,
Iho totnl expended nmi net unfile ru'iiA
only about lho wmio. And or Hint
whleh Iiiim Iiopii ^xpondod, every cent.
'haa bone lo pompeiiHiit<. Injured work-
men,
Every Case Compenanted
Tlm eoininlHHlon nppoliiteil hy fiov-
ernor Hay to draft iho Jaw nlno with-
•nod I'lKuroH Mhowlntr Hint In an aver-
uno of only about ono enae In every
Ilo did nn Injured workninii ever
Branches and connectiona
throughout Canada
J. X. Mncdonnhl, Mariager. Pernio.
oqilPHt- !
Ini. awe of ihe Kyiiiiinnliniiii for hiicIi \
ehiHHCH under prlvnto InntriictorH. hut ,
Hut board cIioko rnthm- to iiiveatlKiile j
fo determine the iidvimihlllly nf the;
.Hfhnol dlatrlct'a taklim ehaiKo of the
| work. Ml nieinberH of the hoard fav-
'or eMeiidliiK tlielr HOelal ennter pro-
ki'iiiii of nllowliiK jinhifr nicetinpH in :
Ihe Helioola, lo lne|u<lo aihlelle trnln- \
Um  lor employed   u|r]Hi i
,„,,,,. , l',"l',, "">' ''mnpfiiHiitloii by pernonul
in but tbcsf two Kuior iiine« did the , jury liiiKntion iu tho
emumlaMlnn    UHhosh    emnh.v.,.    ,„•,-. I tho preM.|,t  huv everv rnne' has heel)
He-
Ill'
I'nder
courts,
IIHhosh    emidoyeih
niluiiia of moro than Imlf that allowed ii'mnpeiianlfd.      Instead of but ahnut
by th.) lnw, and In all otdo
OANK  OF COMMERCC
TAKES FIRST PLACE !
In Total Deposit. ,ind Assets for the I
Month—LoariB ln___.»_e !
IB CUBED
r.Pra,K,&K, TAKE ALL RISKS  *
"^    f5l   ^1 "~#^,
W"
%
r nm™ it ; nine men holnn « iiiiiii«iikoI«m| nut of
wna noeeaanry to Hpeud bul a hiiuill the ihoiiH.iiid or t,o I11j111t.1l eneh month
portion on the nveniRo of the nmutint 'everv nn.. ha,_ h,.(.„ eompenH,iicd,     '
I aKcoHiu >d
1.1,
Tor liiHtaiico, In tho Rutin !    It   wiih  found   by  tho
1 I.I   J . '   »'fll'l
rommlHfilou
«onii (ii.oleu nie law that pinelieally
....'.' .'..f. nm. a, uiu iixiiiH in ihirt
Male   wnn  uiumiin-i   iu   the   lii.il   »f
_,,„, „„,. ,,   ., , P^r-rtnal Injun- fM«,     r, |s ,,,,,„„.,,
»li»< 1, and In the end expended but 2!) |ilml   the Hnvlnu
ecnlH of earlt f,o ^\\tfi rollerted,   Tin
•enrnmluulnr. tfi ml.. 1 !  ;j ,,,   ^,;,   t;
I of eaeh enitdnyor'a pay roll.      It <o).
jleeted. Itownvor, but r.t) rents nn ..aeh
ltltT*l?lff,     Vl. r.i..l,
I «   by   the
,lhe«e fiiBPH from aueh lonu-'liaun-oui
,^,.,,.4..i     11 ,,1    mum   VIIHIJ    litl-M'l    llir
fteliernl
to thoerodit or thc f|ind of tlmt In-.rout of niimlnlsi ration of the wmk-
i_!?i.! illUi     .     ' ; mpirM rnuiiH'iiHRtloii law. nppraprlhK'Mi
in nio laundry elmm tho commlBslon , foV whlrh waa made from tbo a
wnH allowed under tha law ',_. collect   fund.
from tho employ.r.1 12 on. each $100  	
pay roll, whlto only B0 rrtilM on everv
iiuni wiib collected, ami 0f u„. ,,„„„.>
leollertod It was nereaaarv to e\;...n.t
OTTAWA., Oct. •:•:. Tn.. monthly
Imiili statement hIiowIik; the 1 uiulliloii
n Hi" Cnnudlaii eliaiteied lianhi. on
Seiitemliet' ,'|0. I.imii.,1 .•,,.,,.,.!.■ , „„
ciIiih two uniiHiinl featnr.H. The
ixiiik 01 Moum.11 iiropH 1 nun DrHt
l'l..c    if.   reK.ii'iU   lmnl   (IrpuH)tn   and
'-' •' ..(th    and  tjic Ciiiinii.oi  Hank
lelnuvitl   of   «f <'oiuiiiei'«f titkeH tll'ht place Iii theiie
p.n Hi illam.
H'ial iioHetM or Hi. li,,i,K of M„i,i.
I'"' *:'oM:i|.ia!i; »f tli.-lilbnl „.f tum-
li.eice,   >ail,02,*.,a!l7.
v        l    &    P,?"^?    fl'^V   P^f
-H       j Jew    U-     $    ^iiij    Ikk   1
t'l'.rAli; |S„ |U,y f .-..I,... T...I._-7
txr m t'M-i ct r;ioT03 vszo wjtjjout v/ottcn coji::::r   _  i
WE«VOUS DEB8UTV
^rr:;:\X7yyy!X']x::y:hrnil -"v "?;•"' <v <•>••"— .-,■.,,,
I   ,. 1 1.4   I    |i,r,i   !,>,,.,<.      1 ',1
- .  M.M.,.1
'l.'Ht    Ul.,1   I   I    H,
at i.ii.i|>7.iM| uir .,'
niutAirt. ttniii ni.,1
1
SOUTH WALES MINERS
■'. I"     ....... . 1
/_   M   .. . Y.ou   '•mm.   iu:
Ou» Nf-/ *Sl! r I  it     •—   \,       t .
PltlV IK.Ml.^lu  |„ 1,   H.-.j,.,  ,,,,_ ',   ,., , t'c.        ,    -       "'
(II   ll,|i al. I,.,. |„ ,i, ,.„...  |1M.K ,   „..     ,'       ,
mn H.cy \ ....Mi, ii,,u ■,„!„ .,„,, ,,,;' > , , ,'
l-'IViln.|ll    ,-.1,  ,1,   .„ ,| .     1 , ,    '
'   ■■■ ;    _. -e  .1     ..   ,1 1 1 .,
U
A
■> y II   lMIV,,.„ U-,1    u,..,|;.   ,|w|H,n.
.Il'.l I....I III   1   t. t.hlll.l.-lil, li) t'nlun)
11 >. >. r
1 ...
v..,
1 1
i,. ■• '•''
■    •  i      .. --• a—-..I. __:_-.
W hl'.CK
,'      I '       ,1  *     > ,,.., . llll ,<l J
'■• ■',-   '■■   -, »■     ii.-ir.. nui iWn.
'    I >    I   I .    •   : I      'Wl,    (,.   Ihtt
UnJ„, .1 li.i
.,1.1   l„
J H  '
J-       I'    -tJl.l
ChwriM.
■I
i but 17 />ent« of fnch r.n rptitn.
{ Can Meet Panalon*
, The total fftllffjiona tiom the em-
[ploiera In all cin»a,ft amounted to
|$080..4._.75. and th« l.al_m->#. <m h»nd
(aRfirerat^d t290.S33.2_t, while fll.t..
ftHMh htm ben aet ttntic to meet p.-i_ jdlvorte
?>ZKZ* COUAL IN
MATTER
or oivoncc
LONDON'. O.X 22.-Tli« TU.K-* un
('<<-.Mwndi that hotii the tnlnoriiy ami
majority r«.;»ort» of tbit dlvnree' . nm-
KilUKfon re<"on.n.»n«| I hut th<i m,    -..
(fipial before Hie law* m »h»» nntt-r , '
*   ''"Mo.  i,a._ t.,,., !..;..„  ,.,  ..„„,!,
! Vt'nlen for thn cli ctfon nf ivj.renenta- i
1 :i   '.in, iUulliiv in   ine   Mim-m' •
r.d.-railmi of (Jppiit tlrltnln.   M< mrg. |
VV   ltr_ie<., prealdent. T. Itfihai.n  ka
i-.-t.-irv. and A. OnlonR. treitmm-r. will'
liiot.Hhlv he relnatateit In the jmnlilntin
U-.i.i   kMMi  Wit)   nin-i  tlik|il.i.i .1   at
•1 ,.   bar   pfoi^rlnn   fi>    M
"        'I'-Jll      Oj       J>1| j,*, {..     ...I..,.,.,.   ,
I Halt.horn and Uarkn,
DRS.KEMNE_5mKE8.NEDY
Cor. HicKlsariAve. nn!GrkwolilSt.,  r>-!fiii, «|ch
.*.:i j.
t M ' !
Ren i.-s j
MA  !>■.!»_»•
L.'.-i ••   ■
_••-.,. f. t
trw'^rjenaaL^.jt
*':n,:;_,•( .:i..ti,.,r m
'.i ii '   r I ,'v!</r
' * '   '    '   -. 1.: :
Wtti from Caaii'.mu'tlicail.lwfiwl
t inr.l-.ti On .--j, ... :.4l jn,. .,t.
„. t in \, »;.J»,;t, ont.   In \..ii ii,.».r,. j0
I li. • •■!•!.• vi Ia •.-,,;. vi x .:»,.. ,:U\ xn.iX
• s  uliLh^r.- f,r C '.r.->r*t_.!<m-«- nml
,■..««_. '      *   ^ "'""' '"• , "'n " Wl<»i»«t
,V"nv .(.- rr*i'i"'T}\' V,»     ~f..
'.i.umDzxzMWi, AiaaigEKar
_*■! -1
' -   .   '      -;|- *;*M*'
^y^^T^
Mwm^mmmmmmkmMMmmmmm-mmWmmmmmmBs^mmmm-mm-m
i^ _, •    ,■ "*■**•>?' -_ -   "^ ■*   * - _„  "   "   J .   "*■ •  -    -•■ ■     s. -«
PAGE EIGHT
THEDISTRICT:LEDGER, .illRNIE, >. C.f OCTOBER;??,.1912,
r_.„ .y ^
'-.   _s N,*t\r*,^—    *£2
/■  __-'-> V~
..^:.-'KT-"'-*'<"''-i^-**-*v^-n--'*-^-^>> *■ .'' '-1   r-"■■ ' ■-,-'V?.f1'-'" "^■~v--■-'*■^■^^■>.t-»..*iv,v.,,,-i. ,
/-,%-7   V ".i..   ■
. ■ V~.t^_?.y*!__£_
.'It'^-^s--.-^      ^      ;   -* ■- '.v-*.- -•-• • •- -\-fi- .'-', _•- - \ ■ ^   i^x.-A'.-""-'•'-_.•,-> ■
-J ' *^B    * 'i '■*• __^__^k   A __^________^__^k. * ' ^H __^__^__k *?V   i if  ^'
Lgdies' Wear
IMPORTED KIMONOS
Beautiful imported. Silk Kimonos, heavily padil-,
ed, plain arid embroidered, collars.
$8.50 and $11,00      ,    ,'.."'
. .    LADIES'. PETTICOATS „
Ladies' Mercerized and Regal Silk Underskirts,'
$1.75, $2.00, $2.25 and $3.00.
LADIES' FLANNELETTE NIGHTDRESSES
.90, $1.00, $1.25, $1:40, $1.50 $1.60 and $1.75> .
CHILDREN'S FLANNELETTE NIGHTDRESSES
AND SLEEPERS
. .65, .75, .85, .90 and $1.00
CHILDREN'S   HEAVY   FLEECE-LINED
UNDERWEAR
,     .40, .50, .55, .60, .65 and 70 each
TURKISH TOWELS
Regular value 50c. per pair; Special at 35c. per
pair. , ,".'., .-,.
Turkish Toweling per yard—Regular. 20c'/yalue
at 15c, per yard. - y'
FURS
Collars, Muff and Neck Scarfs, beautiful selections of following:   , '"'",,
Natural'Canadian Muskrat Alaska Sable, American Sable, Mink, Electric Seal, Fox Marmot. .     ■-   '
WHITE 3EARSKIN CLOTH
Just the thing for children's Coats, 52 inches  -
wide, $2.00 and $2.25 per yard. i
EIDERDOWN        	
.   Blue, Pink, Grey and White, 50 inches wide, at
$1.00 per yard.
CURTAIN  MATERIAL
Cretonnes, all shades, pretty designs, new arrival at 40c. per yard. *
NETTING—New arrival, 46 inches wide, 30c.
and 40c. per yard; 36 inches wide, at 20c. per yard.,
SWISS CURTAIN MUSLIN—38 inches wide, at
17%c. per yard.
LADIES'PURSES
We have received a large shipment of Ladies'
Purses and Hand Bags of all kinds. Prices from
$1.00 to $15.00.
Be sure to notice our display of Ladies' Lace
and Embroidered'Collars.  '   '.
BLANKETS
Heavy Gry Wool."   Prices from $2.25 to $5.50
Men's Wear
MEN'S OVERCOATS     ; ^y
. Finely made'lien's [Overcoats,...
.. plain1- and    convertible    collars;   .
,' Ulster .cloth, -"double.,,faced "or-",*'
he-ivy tweed.   'These coats * are.,[
made in popular colors and styles,.
giving everyone  an,,opportunity,
of securing, that which   is   best ..
suited to them.    Fine black Bea-,
ver and Melton Overcoats with
i velvet collars, from $7.50 to $35.,"
Our Boys'• Department is now
complete, offering wide, selection ",
for either "dress or play.   Over.:,.
coats and Reefers of fine, service- -
able material at very .reasonable
-    prices. .,.-.-•
SWEATERS-
Boys' Sweaters 75c. to $£50
Boys' Coat Sweaters $1.25 to 2.25- •
.Men's Sweaters       $1.25 to $4.50'
Men's Coat Sweaters $2.25 to $10'
Men's heavy Tweed Pants, abso-' '
hitely untearable, $3.00 and $3.50 ■ \
pair. ,"''•''       ' ' *
Men's very heavy weight Tweed
Pants at $2.00 and $2.25.        -  ;'
Mackinaw Pants, short arid l'ong;
$3.75 and $4.00.    The celebrat-'
»      .ed Carss' make.'  ' •'"
Men's, Worsted arid Tweed'Suits', '
/    well made, special at $15.00
men;s shirts;    i
Blue, Brown and Grey. Flannel, _
$1.00 to $2.25. c.
Made to Measure
 ___^_^____^_^_^___^_^_    ■- °
Clothing
Suits and Overcoats made to measure by , special
order overcome all difficulties of ready made gar-
_ ,
ments and fit.perfectly. We guarantee Fi_,'Qual-~
ity and Workmanship. The cost is not'high;.bet-j
ter consult us. , S       ,',--.',
Footwear
^'[ '.Men's two-buckle,Rubbers.'"Just tile'7,•
• .thing, for those who,iWork*in Vet pla'ces >
•Special at $2.50. 7. -    " Vl .-;   ■'
■ -v -,   > »- ■       7 ■,-i-i^a-"  '■■,- "ly.
-<,   '.Men's .Heavy Guiri.Rubbers, .Solid.'i.
• Heel and7Rolled Edge/ -3 . lace holes;' l
sizes 6 to 11.,   Special at $2.65.v   •,    ? i'
,"-* ' ' 7 t...  -,     ' .'. ■" \' ,'    '- *.    j. t   •,' -.,, '
"'' Men's Gum Rubbers,*solid heel, roll-;''
ed. edges, 4-lace holes, 'sizes' 6 to' 11. _
. Specially good value at $3.50.   "• ' "
/7 .-.''-      .>|-v>'.;,  .""• .,•).'■;   '  ■ .
-.  .Men's Leather   Top .Rubber,Boots,.
■ 9 incli GVun,,solid heel, all sizes at $3.75. ',
-    Men's, Leather 0Top; Rubber, ,8., lace ;
-holes, solid heel rolled edge; all.sizes. •'
The Leader at $4.00: *  . ■  , :>   \
LIGHT RUBBERS    7
\ • 'Our stock of. Rubersifor street wear ' v
■' include goods?for e^very; member ,of tlie 1
• family.     .It's good insurance againBt,' -
COld.    ..    ""  \;      ..-.-,■      •   [.     .,■••.-' ',:_.
. JUST-WRIGHT MEN'S SHOES :
« Box Calf, Velour ;Calf and Vici Kid •-■
' Shoes" in'this "ivell known riiake.' Re- .. ,
,. gular $5.50 and $6.00.'   Special $4.50,;.'
7     r      "*    ' '".       "    "        ; *  '-
Empress Ladies'Shoes. ' "High top,.,'
■7. button, made of box calf and heavy - -
'" Russian leather, $5.50 per pair.' :
Women's' high top button'and lace "_
.   Shoes; just'the .'thing for fall wear,.
$5.50 per pair.   -      . '   w
Women's Extra - high   top   Shoes,
Russian Calf,' Blucher cut, Shoes; 'just.
'arrived at $6.50 per pair. '
;.-..'
"■'-'Si.
''". ■
y.per lb.- i30
_^er;ib;_ V.30,
:per lb.:,t»^i3Q;
■r jK'jper :lb^.^"-35.;:-'-' ,-
7: Iper',. lb. ''.15','
■y;.48nbs..' .251-
y-"' '- -ii. ■-■ -ir ;
.i.'.pw-lb-'-'-lo^
.y-;4:ibs^;25.".
per box' $2:50
ij-
y-y i-syy. THA^s^iffii-sraciA^
;'FiESH KILLED/CHICKEN,.,.
, FRESH KILLED DUCKS :....
I FRESH KILLED GEESE
FRESH KILLED TURKEYS
, Cranberries -s.'?.":?.	
Parsnip's ■?..-....'.. .SS.....
- Fancy .^Calif ornia 'Grapes'-j .7
Fancy Jonathan Apples .....
i- I. -    - V  .i • -•
' Fancy Spy Apples . y .."".;. ;
Fancy Paragon'Apples ....... .,■..,;7..per box $2,^00 -7.
^ Heinz Sweet Gerkins'j 18 oz....'. each   . 50
'.Heinz Sweet Midgets, 12 oz.77.7". 177. .each 745   '
'Heinz Pork and Beans,"mcd. size ...'.'. ."ifor .35"',
rHeinz Tomato Soup, small  .2 for.; .25,,,
'Heinz''Tomato Catsup,' .Vy AT. .7 ..,;.. .".-pts.-   k-25 7.
Heinz Indian Relish;.;...:-.^. ,\ ; .7.".-..'.'*..; -l
lfeiriz Chili Sauce S.A  •.•.••■.' -...
Dill  Pickles   IS.  .-.per^doz. •;
-Mincemeat, in- crocks i -'•' • T\.'.,':. .",.!*.'.,-'
Crosse and^Blackwell's Chutney  qts.
- Crosse arid Blackwell's Gooseberries on syrup.
- Crosse*arid1 Blackwell's Honey in Glass .... .
.yCrqsse.and Blackwell's Preserved Ginger jn
,..',.. v, ..jars '..   .""........ 7. .V.. 7.1'.
. Crosse, and,Blackwell's Plum Pudding -.'.lV
Crosse and Blackwell's Plum PuddingCV.-2's
/ Tetley/s No. 8 Brfk Tea, 3-lbs. for . :...... .$1.00
.f Tetley.'a SpeciarBlend'Tea.^lb.; Pkg.;.;;.:.-:y .40
,' Gold" Standard'Salad Dressing  pts.    .60
.. Government, Creamery"Butter 7"." "• -per lb."' ..35
Mooney's Superba Chocolates". .'.'."per lb.'  .40'
" Cowan's "Cocoa,- .*...;.;'.. IS.... S/i lb."* tins  ,.25
Lowney's Cocoa ' '.' ''.•-,•.   -^0
7   Sherriffs Grape Juice:'. \...,.'. 7.....: -7 /qts.'  "'.SO
•   Shield, Ham ......... X.. 7.. \..'.'.... per' lb.'-'  .23
Mixed N'uts ...'.:....; ...... per lb.    .20
Cluster Raisnw..-...........'  .per lb.    .20';
;Oriions°  ? -. 10 lbs. ! .2&
%
%25
.35 !
.35
.25
75
.65 ;
.30...
.45 r
760;
740
.75
'•f
Tea Contest Award
The correct weight of the Bulk Tea in our wih-, jr.; 12 lbs. 4 oz; by Archie Dunlap, and 12 lbs. 3 oz.
dow last week was 12 lbs. 3V_j oz., the correefguess "by Beatrice Martin.    We asked the editors of the
being made by E. RHODES, who was awarded the local papers to weigh the tea and. made the award..
Silver "Set.    Ralph Stevens guessed- $12- lbs. 3 oz., They found,manyguesses.as near as the above, but,
and was awarded the Bulk Tea.    The next nearest, as stated previously, the awards were made in!the :
'-■« correst guesses were:.12 lbs. 4 bz. by Jas."Wliite, order of names, as written in the book.   - .„,*.-,.._ ..'.
Everything   for  the   Home   and  for
ne  in  it
Money
Saving
Prices
TRITES-WOOD
. The
Store of;
Quality
C. P. Hill spent a fow days Jn town
during tho weoli,
Pete Pateraon spent a few days In
town, a guest at tho Fernie.
Constable Gorman, of Elko, is in
town. "
Joo  Grafton  was a Fernio  visitor
durliiR tho wool..
Ernest J. Reynolds, representing
Totloy'a.Toa Co,, was in town attending lo tlio toil contest,
Chlof Minty wns down in Nolson on
Sunday takl-.g down Fred Burrows,
of Mlchol, who wiih sentenced to two
months for assiiuH.
A prominent citizen of Fernio Ib out
on 10,000 .mil on a elm rue of uUon.pt-
od rupo,
Owing to a wrork or ii freight train
noar llurinls tin liUBHengar arrived ten
hours Into on Wednesday.
Mayor Bleasdell is ln Moose Jaw.
E. S. Hall, representing the Sellg
Polyscope Co., was in town making arrangements for a month's exhibition
of the pictures sometime' around next
Juno. The opportunity will also be
taken to take somo pictures, and mako
plays with local coloring.
SICK AND ACCIDENT BENEFIT8
FOR   GLADSTONE   LOCAL
On Wednesday last tho above Local
had a referendum as to whothor tho
organization should branch out nnd
have a sick and accident benefit. A
direct "Yes" or "No" was nuked and
resulted ns follows:
Vob      44.0
No     130
Spoilt ballots        i)
Tliere Is a slight oplilomlc of a mild
form of small pox ut Coal Creek, four
ciihoh bolng ho fnr icporled,
Thos ]<}, Powoll, who Is charged with
dlnmond robbery .looted beforo Judgo
Thompson on Thursday for Bpoody
trial und will in all probability como
up about Nov. I,
W. .1. I.awr_nc-_, u former iei.lde.it
of Fornlo, but now ono of Monsn
Jaw's prominent dtlwmH,1 was In town
HiIh week clintl.lng wltl:, old friends.
A. A. Gammon, of Standard Socurl-
fctUA  A41M.,    ll, JJI*l_.,M..ft,    .I4..1   ,1,   (UtKi    iul_
(to;, nm. l_:n< ..jijiri.ritw. f.r.jf.nn .nirt
nnnnott us soiling intent» for Hellevuc,
Kstovnn. Bnaki
A mooting of tlio City Council wns
i.. f i     ...    »r>i .,..   i, j.    . l..f.L     if. _,-.,    . ...
sent being Aid, Morrison, Koblc.ii.ti.1,
Drown nnd Graham. Tlio mooting
only lasted fifteen minutes, thero being no biminemi of any Importance.
Total        C82
Majority In favor .,   310
TETLEV'8  TEA  CONTEST
Somo four hundred KornloltoR participated In tho contest, many of lho
I'lnlHlieH being protty close, whilst others wero not ln tho running, Tho
correct weight was 1_l lbH, !..& oz,
13. ItliodoH, of Vlctorln Avenue, bolng
the only ono to have giissod It exactly, and tlio silver plated ton nor-
vice, therefore, becomes his proporty,
The other prize winners o(*u <|uuntlty
of ton woro, Ralph Stevens, Jus,
White, Jr., Archie Dunlop and Beatrice
Martin. NeodlesH to say the judges
were disinterested parties, not. bolng
conneeteil with oltlmr Trltes-Wood,
Ltd., or the Tetloy Tea Co,   .
Thn Civil Adulates aro now on and
.'cm!... un a conne-iiieiice, has :i 1>I>
quntn of lctrnl talent from the fons'.
and clBewhere, In Its midst, flohne
Important cases nro being srgued,
one of which I* In connection with tho
C, P. R. fire ctot. to Mo.rU»ey some
(wo jremrs ago wh«>n a largo quantity
of Umber, belonging to private concern! was destroyed.
.JjJ'JrM;  .U.   Vi'.   Vlm-klwi- ill  U  iWHl
brUHjuet rerallod nn incident to show
thnt thero U some humor nmoclatH
with such things ns the law. In Dawson City n colored mirn, 8nm Jones by
•■tittfi^,   ■*• <;»-_.  ih» .n   -tip kii<<   run   Oi   _-_.»\»+_1j ,      m ^jrti
Judge asked Sam If ho desired tho appointment of a lawyer to ilcfond him.
"No, snh," said 8om. "1'so gwlno to
throw myself on tho Ifnoranco of tho
coto."—8an Francisco Argonaut.
"Workors, no ono can break your
chains hut vonrn.-Ive... T ennnot lfafl
yon out of bondage, and I would not
If I could, for If I could, somcono would
come along and lead you hack again.
Liberty la not handed down from
above_ Thejr who would lw> fre» themselves must strlk* tho blow."—Knim.*
V. Doha.
District 18, United Mine Workers of America.
 •"'■■      "     '     "u"" ■   ■■ '"'  ' ' i. i . i i. ii f) i      ^
Important   Notice
To the  United Mine Workers  of
Fernie and Michel
President Stubbs will address t a
meeting at Fernie, at 2.30 Sunday afternoon, Oct. 27th, in Miners' Hall.
He will also address a meeting in
Michel at 7.30 the same evening.
JSTotfc^ to Writ*** ''HTorisers
i
POLITICAL EQUALITY LEAGUE
Miss Davis In Town
Miss Dorothy Davis, . representing
tbe above organization, or otherwise
known as "Women's Suffrage League,"
who, owing to unforeseen, circumstances was unablo to get here on Wed-
nesday, as previously arranged, arrived on Thursday evening and has arranged a mooting to bo held ln Alello'B
Hall on Saturday night at 8.80 o'clock.
This Ib a free mooting and aft thoso
Interested in political equality of the
sexes aro cordially lhvltod to attend.
MIbb Davis ls staying at the King
j_dward Hotel nnd will bo ploaBOd to
moot any lady Interested, She will
remain In Pernio until Sundny morning.
 ■   ,    ..
News has boon received that Vice-
President Jonos' youngest brother, 25
years old, was killed in tho mine nt
Maestcg,' South Wales, on tho 4th of
tills month, nnd wun taken homo to
Tonypaudy, Ilhondda, to bo burled,
Tho lattor placo Is whero tho strlko
and riots occurred recently, and tho
decern.ml as a consequence went to
Maostog, whoro ho found work. Mrs
Jones, sr„ who Is n widow, Is prostrat-
od with grief nnd much sympathy Is
folt for her nnd Mr. J, O. Jones in
tholr snd l-oronvemoi.t.
THE 1818
. Tliis is tho last month which von will have the
privilege of joining the United Mine Workors of
America at a reduced initiation foe. If you are not already a member, pay 82.oO and join at once. Do not
wait until next month and then have to pay $10 to
become a member.
. ThlB theatre still proves a popular
resort, maintaining n good servlco of
films supported by pleasing music and
vaudovlllo turns.
This evening, Friday, a special threo
reol film, featuring Mine. Rojan In a
Nnpoioonlo Comedy, "Sans-deno," will
i/u fttiUttji,     J,(io ttiuuimiiu «....uC(.it_uik
!m VriHiiy -ji... Sailij-ibj' .m- 3_risln>ra
nnd Myrhc, Swedish American character singers nnd dancers, and Master
Max flhnnll, Jfuvonllo Character Im*
porsonntor, singing nnd clog dancing.
> t -      - — .   1 . f        .T» ■ ". f >
-»*WI»Si_*3 ,     fcv__«<w,lky        MM        . , <.l_U'i,«W-*_
noxt Kdand Thoreia Young will pre-
sont comedy Hinging; and talking, alio
dancing and change not, Tho other
vaudovlllo turn will bo Chai. McK,
comedian.
A singing nnd. musical act by tho
Horndon Sisters, and Iaw Harris,
TIfibrftw eom«dlsn. mrlll be tho nttrac
Hon ifor Thursday, Frldny and Satur-
day.
SMIoh's Gun
OUHJgtV -)TO_ * COUOMI. tiUHtB C0tB».
MUM tNC THM»T MO UINOI. •• CVtf
. A banquet and dance in connection
with the students of the International
Correspondence - Schools, and their
friends, will be'hold at tho Waldorf
Hotel on Wednesday evening, Oct, 30.
Misleading and > malicious reports
havo been sent out regarding I. B. P.
Stock. Take notice of this attempt to.
get a hold of this below valuo, Further information given by applying
at the offlco ot the local representatives, EcKBtein Dlock, opposite tho,
Post Offlco.
Classified Ads,-Cent a Wort
WANTRD—Capablo QIvI or Woman
as goniral; no washing. Apply, Mrs,
J. Craig, McPhoi-son Avonuo,
FIM.W11E FOIl BALE, alo
Chlnn, Cut Glass and Sllvorw_iro;bar>
China. Cut Class nnd Sllverw'nro; bargains ls sole, at one.. Apply, Mrs.
T, Fawcott, MoPhorson Avonuo.
WANTED—Twenty minors at onco;
no trouble; apply on job, Prlncoton
Conl and Land Co,, Princeton, I), C,
ROOMS FOIl KENT—Furnished or
unfurnished; every convenience; low
ront; Apply, Mrs, Kndland, Secondhand Storo, Victoria Avonuo, N,   0-2tp
FOR BALK-FURNITURE of S
roomed houso; going cheap owing to
party leaving town. Apply, Fawcott,
corner Ffnnson nn«. MelMiorson Avenues. 0-3t
FOR SALE.—Choleo Alfalfa Hay in,
carload lots at $13,00 por ton f.o.h.
Cud-ufata, or f HMO per ton f.o.b, Kernio.
Evory bale guaranteed. Farm Pro-
ducts, Limited, 103 8hcr!ock Building,
Lothbridgo g.4t
*oh riALK or to Rent, Cli acres,
house and barn; ono1 mllo from city,
flood biircM..,. Apply, by letter, .V
Ferguson, Fornlo, n. C, 7-4t
mmm*m"^~**+*m*m^^mimmmmm*mm*mmm^mmmmmmmm*imim» mm ^
DOARDIKO HOUSE FOR PALE or
To IM.—Stands on Sfatn Street ta
nelievuo; th« best mining camp In
tho Pftoa. Auply to Mix R. MIcluiU,
Bellevue, Alta.
L08T—On* sorrel Pony? weight
abouf, 800 IN.; whit* fact and on_ hind
foot; mane IHmm*d. branded on left
shouM _r X, ■ W W.ownf, F. Ifutch-
Inwti, Michel. B. O. Mt

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